A Christmas Carol with English-Italian Dictionary by Charles Dickens (online free books)

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A Christmas Carol Text

Christmas - Natale

Carol - canto di Natale

Charles - Carlo

dickens - Transliterations of the surname


Chapter - capitolo

stave - doga, piolo, strofa, pentagramma

ghost - fantasma, spettro, spirito, larva

Marley was dead, to begin with. There is no doubt whatever about that. The register of his burial was signed by the clergyman, the clerk, the undertaker, and the chief mourner. Scrooge signed it. And Scrooge's name was good upon 'change for anything he chose to put his hand to. Old Marley was as dead as a door-nail.

dead - morto

no doubt whatever - nessun dubbio

register - registrare

burial - sepoltura, inumazione

signed - segno

clergyman - chierico, prete, sacerdote, ecclesiastico

clerk - impiegato

undertaker - impresario di pompe funebri

chief - capo, direzione

mourner - lutto

upon - su, a

change for - cambiare per

nail - unghia

Mind! I don't mean to say that I know, of my own knowledge, what there is particularly dead about a door-nail. I might have been inclined, myself, to regard a coffin-nail as the deadest piece of ironmongery in the trade. But the wisdom of our ancestors is in the simile; and my unhallowed hands shall not disturb it, or the Country's done for.

mind - mente

knowledge - conoscenza, sapere

particularly - in particolare, estremamente

inclined - inclinare

myself - mi

regard - considerare

coffin - bara, cassa da morto, feretro

deadest - morto

ironmongery - ferramenta

trade - commercio

wisdom - saggezza, senno, discernimento, criterio

ancestors - antenato, ascendente, avo, abiatico

simile - similitudine

unhallowed - ingoiare

shall - talian: 'shall' followed by the infinitive is translated using the future tense', talian: ('indicating determination') 'shall' followed by the infinitive is translated using the future tense, which can be emphasised using ", si c

disturb - disturbare

You will, therefore, permit me to repeat, emphatically, that Marley was as dead as a door-nail.

therefore - dunque, quindi, percio, pertanto

permit - permettere

emphatically - enfaticamente, con forza, con decisione

Scrooge knew he was dead? Of course he did. How could it be otherwise? Scrooge and he were partners for I don't know how many years. Scrooge was his sole executor, his sole[12] administrator, his sole assign, his sole residuary legatee, his sole friend, and sole mourner.

otherwise - altrimenti, differentemente, in altre circostanze, tuttavia

sole - (pianta del piede)

executor - esecutore, esecutrice, esecutore testamentario

administrator - amministratore, amministratrice

assign - assegnare, accantonare, categorizzare, attribuire

residuary - residuo

legatee - legatario

And even Scrooge was not so dreadfully cut up by the sad event, but that he was an excellent man of business on the very day of the funeral, and solemnised it with an undoubted bargain.

dreadfully - terribilmente

cut up - tagliare

excellent - eccellente, eccezionale

funeral - funerale

solemnised - solennizzare

undoubted - indubbio

bargain - trattativa, accordo, mercanteggiamento, mercanteggiare, trattare

The mention of Marley's funeral brings me back to the point I started from. There is no doubt that Marley was dead. This must be distinctly understood, or nothing wonderful can come of the story I am going to relate.

mention - cenno, accenno, menzione, menzionare

doubt - dubitare, dubbio, perplessita

distinctly - distintamente

relate - riferire

If we were not perfectly convinced that Hamlet's Father died before the play began, there would be nothing more remarkable in his taking a stroll at night, in an easterly wind, upon his own ramparts, than there would be in any other middle-aged gentleman rashly turning out after dark in a breezy spot-say St. Paul's Church-yard, for instance-literally to astonish his son's weak mind.

perfectly - perfettamente, propriamente, totalmente

Convinced - convincere

hamlet - casale, localita, villaggio, frazione

more remarkable - piu notevole

stroll - passeggiata, camminata, passeggiare, andare a spasso, girovagare

easterly - verso est

wind - vento

ramparts - muro, cinto, cinta, recinto, baluardo

Middle - mezzo, centro, cintura, checkmeta, medio, mezzano, centrale

gentleman - gentiluomo, galantuomo, signore, signor

rashly - ardimentosamente, arrischiatamente, avventatamente

turning out - rivelarsi, venire, apparire

breezy - ventilato

spot - macchia, brufolo, foruncolo, zona, area, pubblicita, individuare

Paul - Paolo

church - chiesa, funzione, messa

Yard - iarda

instance - volta

literally - letteralmente

astonish - sorprendere, stupire

weak - debole

Scrooge never painted out Old Marley's name. There it stood, years afterwards, above the warehouse door: Scrooge and Marley. The firm was known as Scrooge and Marley. Sometimes people new to the business called Scrooge Scrooge, and sometimes Marley, but he answered to both names. It was all the same to him.

afterwards - dopo

warehouse - magazzino

firm - fermo, sicuro

Oh! but he was a tight-fisted hand at the grindstone, Scrooge! a squeezing, wrenching, grasping, scraping, clutching, covetous, old sinner! Hard and sharp as flint, from which no steel had ever struck out generous fire; secret, and self-contained, and solitary as an oyster.

tight - aderente, teso, stretto, tirato, nitido

fisted - pugno

grindstone - mola

squeezing - spremere, (squeeze), stringere, serrare, strizzare

wrenching - strappare

grasping - afferrare, avvinghiare, avvinghiarsi, agguantare

scraping - raschiare

clutching - afferrare

covetous - bramoso

sinner - peccatore, peccatrice

sharp - affilato, aguzzo, intelligente, acuto, appuntito, diesis, acre

Flint - selce

steel - acciaio, d'acciaio

struck out - attaccare, fare lo sciopero

generous - magnanimo, generoso, abbondante

secret - segreto

self - stesso

contained - contenere

solitary - solitario

oyster - ostrica

The cold within him froze his old features, nipped his pointed nose, shrivelled his cheek, stiffened his gait; made his eyes red, his thin lips blue; and spoke out shrewdly in his grating voice. A frosty rime was on his head, and on his eyebrows, and his wiry chin.

within - dentro, all'interno

froze - gelare

features - caratteristica, prestazione, peculiarita, proprieta

nipped - pizzicare, pungere, mordere

shrivelled - afflosciarsi, avvizzire, raggrinzire, corrugarsi

cheek - guancia, gota, chiappa, faccia tosta, sfrontatezza, impudenza

stiffened - irrigidire

gait - andatura, passo

lips - labbro, beccuccio

shrewdly - scaltramente, astutamente

grating - grattugiare

voice - voce

frosty - gelido, ghiacciato, gelato, coperto di ghiaccio

rime - rima

eyebrows - sopracciglio

wiry - nerboruto

chin - mento

He carried his own low temperature always about with him; he iced his office in the dog-days; and didn't thaw it one degree at Christmas.

low - basso

temperature - temperatura, febbre

thaw - fondere

degree - laurea, grado

External heat and cold had little influence on Scrooge. No[13] warmth could warm, no wintry weather chill him. No wind that blew was bitterer than he, no falling snow was more intent upon its purpose, no pelting rain less open to entreaty. Foul weather didn't know where to have him. The heaviest rain, and snow, and hail, and sleet could boast of the advantage over him in only one respect.

external - esterno

heat - calore

influence - influenza, ascendente, influenzare, influire

warmth - calore

wintry - invernale

chill - freddo

blew - colpo

bitterer - amaro, aspro

intent - intento

purpose - scopo

pelting - pelare

entreaty - supplichevole

foul - cattivo

heaviest - pesante

hail - grandine, gridare, salutare

sleet - gragnola, pioggia mista a neve, acquaneve, vetrone

boast - vantarsi

advantage - vantaggio, beneficio

respect - rispetto, riguardo, materia, rispettare

They often "came down" handsomely and Scrooge never did.

handsomely - in modo eccellente

Nobody ever stopped him in the street to say, with gladsome looks, "My dear Scrooge, how are you? When will you come to see me?" No beggars implored him to bestow a trifle, no children asked him what it was o'clock, no man or woman ever once in all his life inquired the way to such and such a place, of Scrooge.

gladsome - glorioso

beggars - mendicante

implored - implorare

bestow - depositare, immagazzinare, collocare, alloggiare, donare, gloss

trifle - zuppa inglese, un tantino, un po', bagattella, briciola

inquired - domandare, chiedere

such - tale

Even the blind men's dogs appeared to know him; and, when they saw him coming on, would tug their owners into doorways and up courts; and then would wag their tails as though they said, "No eye at all is better than an evil eye, dark master!"

blind - cieco, orbo, tenda, accecare, ciecamente

appeared - apparire

tug - trascinare, tirare, rimorchiare, strattone

owners - proprietario, proprietaria

doorways - uscio, via di accesso

Courts - cortile, corte, tribunale, assemblea, giuria

wag - scodinzolare, marinare la scuola, scodinzolio

tails - coda

though - comunque, nonostante, in ogni caso, ad ogni modo, anche se

evil - cattivo, maligno

Master - padrone

But what did Scrooge care? It was the very thing he liked. To edge his way along the crowded paths of life, warning all human sympathy to keep its distance, was what the knowing ones call "nuts" to Scrooge.

care - cura, attenzione

edge - orlo, bordo, lato, vantaggio, lama, filo, arco

along - lungo

crowded - folla

paths - sentiero

warning - avvertimento, monito, (warn), avvertire, avvisare

human - umano

sympathy - compassione, empatia

distance - distanza

nuts - noce, nocciola, nocciolina

Once upon a time-of all the good days in the year, on Christmas Eve-old Scrooge sat busy in his counting-house. It was cold, bleak, biting weather: foggy withal: and he could hear the people in the court outside go wheezing up and down, beating their hands upon their breasts, and stamping their feet upon the pavement stones to warm them.

eve - vigilia

counting - conte

bleak - desolato

biting - mordere

foggy - nebbioso

withal - conaltrimenti

Court - cortile, corte, tribunale, assemblea, giuria

wheezing - affanno, (wheeze), ansimare, rantolare, anelare, boccheggiare

beating - bastonatura, bastonata, smacco, sconfitta, sonora sconfitta

breasts - mammella, poppa, petto, seno

stamping - timbratura, (stamp), conio, bollo, battere i piedi, pestare i piedi, stampare, timbrare, affrancare

pavement - pavimentazione stradale, pavimentazione, manto, manto stradale

stones - pietra, roccia, sasso, tsassolino, gemma

The City clocks had only just gone three, but it was quite dark already-it had not been light all day-and candles were flaring in the windows of the neighbouring offices, like ruddy smears upon the palpable brown air. The fog came pouring in at every chink and keyhole, and was so dense without, that, although the court was of the narrowest, the houses opposite were mere phantoms.

only just - solo ora

candles - candela

flaring - bagliore, sfolgorare, brillare, scintillare

ruddy - rubicondo

smears - ungere, spalmare, imbrattare, sbavare, ricoprire, macchiare

palpable - palpabile, evidente

Fog - nebbia

pouring in - versare (dentro)

chink - fessura

keyhole - toppa, buco della serratura

dense - denso, pastoso, checkdenso

although - sebbene, benché (both always followed by the subjunctive)

narrowest - stretto

mere - semplice, solo

phantoms - fantasma, spettro, immaginario, immaginaria, irreale

To see the dingy cloud come drooping down, obscuring everything,[14] one might have thought that nature lived hard by and was brewing on a large scale.

dingy - sporco

cloud - annuvolarsi, oscurare, annebbiare

drooping - pendere

obscuring - oscuro, nascosto, oscurato, confuso, poco chiaro, vago

nature - natura

brewing - produzione di birra

scale - scala, gradazione

The door of Scrooge's counting-house was open, that he might keep his eye upon his clerk, who in a dismal little cell beyond, a sort of tank, was copying letters. Scrooge had a very small fire, but the clerk's fire was so very much smaller that it looked like one coal.

dismal - lugubre, triste

cell - cella

beyond - oltre, (al) di la di, dall'altra parte di, piu di, dopo

sort - sorta, tipo

tank - serbatoio, tanica

copying - copia, replica, copiare, imitare, ricevere

coal - carbone, tizzone, checkcarbonella

But he couldn't replenish it, for Scrooge kept the coal-box in his own room; and so surely as the clerk came in with the shovel, the master predicted that it would be necessary for them to part. Wherefore the clerk put on his white comforter, and tried to warm himself at the candle; in which effort, not being a man of strong imagination, he failed.

replenish - rifornire, riempire di nuovo

surely - sicuramente, checkcertamente

shovel - pala, badile, paletta, spalare

predicted - predire, profetizzare

necessary - necessario

wherefore - perché

comforter - consolatore, consolatrice

candle - candela

effort - sforzo

imagination - immaginazione

failed - fallire, non riuscire

"A merry Christmas, uncle! God save you!" cried a cheerful voice. It was the voice of Scrooge's nephew, who came upon him so quickly that this was the first intimation he had of his approach.

merry - felice, allegro

God - Dio

save - salvare, soccorrere, redimere, immagazzinare, risparmiare

cried - piangere, gridare, urlare, pianto, urlo, verso

cheerful - allegro, felice, gioioso, luminoso

nephew - nipote

intimation - intimidazione

approach - avvicinarsi

"Bah!" said Scrooge. "Humbug!"

humbug - imbroglio

He had so heated himself with rapid walking in the fog and frost, this nephew of Scrooge's, that he was all in a glow; his face was ruddy and handsome; his eyes sparkled, and his breath smoked again.

heated - calore

rapid - rapido, deciso, rapida, cataratta

frost - brina, gelata, gelo, checkgalaverna, checkgelo, brinare

glow - brillare, alone, luminescenza, luccichio, calore

handsome - bello

sparkled - scintillio, luccichio

breath - respiro, lena, alito, fiato

smoked - fumo

"Christmas a humbug, uncle!" said Scrooge's nephew. "You don't mean that, I am sure?"

"I do," said Scrooge. "Merry Christmas! What right have you to be merry? What reason have you to be merry? You're poor enough."

"Come, then," returned the nephew gaily. "What right have you to be dismal? What reason have you to be morose? You're rich enough."

gaily - allegramente

morose - cupo, imbronciato

Scrooge, having no better answer ready on the spur of the moment, said, "Bah!" again; and followed it up with "Humbug!"

on the spur of the moment - sotto l'influenza del momento

"Don't be cross, uncle!" said the nephew.

Cross - croce, segno della croce, incrocio, cross, diagonale, irritato

"A Merry Christmas, uncle! God save you!" cried a cheerful voice. "A Merry Christmas, uncle! God save you!" cried a cheerful voice.

"What else can I be," returned the uncle, "when I live in [15]such a world of fools as this? Merry Christmas! Out upon merry Christmas! What's Christmas-time to you but a time for paying bills without money; a time for finding yourself a year older, and not an hour richer; a time for balancing your books, and having every item in 'em through a round dozen of months presented dead against you?

fools - stolto, buffone, giullare, pagliaccio, buffone di corte, matto

Christmas-time - (Christmas-time) periodo natalizio

balancing - equilibrio, punto di equilibrio, contrappeso, bilanciamento

item - articolo, elemento, punto

round - rotondo, tondo

dozen - dozzina, centinaio

against - contrario, contro, in cambio di

If I could work my will," said Scrooge indignantly, "every idiot who goes about with 'Merry Christmas'on his lips should be boiled with his own pudding, and buried with a stake of holly through his heart. He should!"

indignantly - indignatamente

idiot - idiota, squasimodeo

boiled - bollire

pudding - sanguinaccio, budino

buried - seppellire

stake - palo, paletto, picchetto, piolo

holly - agrifoglio

heart - cuore

"Uncle!" pleaded the nephew.

pleaded - dichiararsi (lcolpevole o lnoncolpevole)

"Nephew!" returned the uncle sternly, "keep Christmas in your own way, and let me keep it in mine."

sternly - con severita

mine - mio, mia, mie, miei

"Keep it!" repeated Scrooge's nephew. "But you don't keep it."

"Let me leave it alone, then," said Scrooge. "Much good may it do you! Much good it has ever done you!"

alone - da solo, soltanto

"There are many things from which I might have derived good, by which I have not profited, I dare say," returned the nephew; "Christmas among the rest.

derived - derivare

profited - profitto, lucro, profit, guadagno

dare - osare

among - tra, fra, in mezzo a

rest - riposo

But I am sure I have always thought of Christmas-time, when it has come round-apart from the veneration due to its sacred name and origin, if anything belonging to it can be apart from that-as a good time; a kind, forgiving, charitable, pleasant time; the only time I know of, in the long calendar of the year, when men and women seem by one consent to open their shut-up hearts freely, and to think of people below them as if they really were fellow-passengers to the grave, and not another race of creatures bound on other journeys. And therefore, uncle, though it has never put a scrap of gold or silver in my pocket, I believe that it has done me good, and will do me good; and I say, God bless it!"

apart - separatamente, a pezzi

veneration - venerazione

due - dovuto

sacred - sacro

origin - origine, origini

belonging to it - appartenente ad esso

forgiving - perdonare

charitable - caritatevole, solidale, generoso, benefico

pleasant - piacevole, gradito, gradevole

calendar - calendario

Seem - sembrare, parere, apparire

consent - consentire, consenso

shut - chiudere

hearts - cuore

freely - liberamente

fellow - uomo, tipo

passengers - passeggero

grave - tomba

race - corsa, gara

creatures - creatura

bound - vincolato, (bind), legare, connettere, rilegare

scrap - pezzetto

gold - oro, d'oro

silver - argento

Pocket - tasca, buca, sacca, intascare, imbucare, tascabile

bless - benedire

The clerk in the tank involuntarily applauded. Becoming immediately sensible of the impropriety, he poked the fire, and extinguished the last frail spark for ever.[16]

involuntarily - involontariamente

applauded - applaudire, congratularsi, lodare, approvare

immediately - immediatamente, subito, su due piedi

sensible - percepibile, apprezzabile, sensibile, razionale, giudizioso

impropriety - improprieta, sconvenienza

poked - cacciare, dare un colpetto

extinguished - estinguere

Last - ultimo

frail - fragile, debole

spark - scintilla

for ever - per sempre

"Let me hear another sound from you," said Scrooge, "and you'll keep your Christmas by losing your situation! You're quite a powerful speaker, sir," he added, turning to his nephew. "I wonder you don't go into Parliament."

powerful - potente, efficace

speaker - parlante, altoparlante, presidente, presidentessa, relatore

wonder - meraviglia, domandarsi, chiedersi

Parliament - parlamento

"Don't be angry, uncle. Come! Dine with us to-morrow."

dine - cenare

morrow - domani

Scrooge said that he would see him--Yes, indeed he did. He went the whole length of the expression, and said that he would see him in that extremity first.

indeed - infatti, davvero, realmente, effettivamente, gia

Length - lunghezza

expression - espressione

extremity - estremita

"But why?" cried Scrooge's nephew. "Why?"

"Why did you get married?" said Scrooge.

"Because I fell in love."

"Because you fell in love!" growled Scrooge, as if that were the only one thing in the world more ridiculous than a merry Christmas. "Good afternoon!"

growled - ringhio, brontolio, ringhiare

ridiculous - ridicolo

Good afternoon - Buon pomeriggio

"Nay, uncle, but you never came to see me before that happened. Why give it as a reason for not coming now?"

Nay - anzi, o per meglio dire

"Good afternoon," said Scrooge.

"I want nothing from you; I ask nothing of you; why cannot we be friends?"

be friends - essere amici

"Good afternoon!" said Scrooge.

"I am sorry, with all my heart, to find you so resolute. We have never had any quarrel to which I have been a party. But I have made the trial in homage to Christmas, and I'll keep my Christmas humour to the last. So A Merry Christmas, uncle!"

resolute - risoluto

quarrel - lite, litigio

trial - processo

homage - omaggio

humour - humour, umorismo, umore, accontentare, assecondare

"Good afternoon," said Scrooge.

"And A Happy New Year!"

"Good afternoon!" said Scrooge.

His nephew left the room without an angry word, notwithstanding. He stopped at the outer door to bestow the greetings of the season on the clerk, who, cold as he was, was warmer than Scrooge; for he returned them cordially.

notwithstanding - nonostante

greetings - saluto, benvenuto

season - stagione

cordially - cordialmente

"There's another fellow," muttered Scrooge, who overheard him: "my clerk, with fifteen shillings a week, and a wife and family, talking about a merry Christmas. I'll retire to Bedlam."[17]

muttered - mormorare

overheard - origliare

shillings - scellino

retire - (andare in pensione)

bedlam - manicomio, confusione

This lunatic, in letting Scrooge's nephew out, had let two other people in. They were portly gentlemen, pleasant to behold, and now stood, with their hats off, in Scrooge's office. They had books and papers in their hands, and bowed to him.

lunatic - demente

portly - corpulento

gentlemen - gentiluomo, galantuomo, signore, signor

behold - guardare, ecco

bowed - inchinarsi, chinare il capo

"Scrooge and Marley's, I believe," said one of the gentlemen, referring to his list. "Have I the pleasure of addressing Mr. Scrooge, or Mr. Marley?"

referring - fare riferimento

pleasure - piacere, piacimento, goduria, volutta, preferenza, scelta

Mr - Signor

"Mr. Marley has been dead these seven years," Scrooge replied. "He died seven years ago, this very night."

replied - rispondere, replicare, ripetere, risposta, replica

"We have no doubt his liberality is well represented by his surviving partner," said the gentleman, presenting his credentials.

liberality - liberalita

represented - rappresentare

surviving - sopravvivere, durare, perdurare

credentials - credenziali

It certainly was; for they had been two kindred spirits. At the ominous word "liberality" Scrooge frowned, and shook his head, and handed the credentials back.

Certainly - certamente, senza dubbio, non ci piove, evidentemente

kindred - affine

spirits - spirito

ominous - predittivo, malaugurante, infausto, nefasto

frowned - accigliarsi, aggrottare le ciglia/sopracciglia

shook - scossa, (shake), scuotere, agitare, scuotere la testa

"At this festive season of the year, Mr. Scrooge," said the gentleman, taking up a pen, "it is more than usually desirable that we should make some slight provision for the poor and destitute, who suffer greatly at the present time. Many thousands are in want of common necessaries; hundreds of thousands are in want of common comforts, sir."

festive - festivo, festiva

taking up - occupare, assumere, prendere

desirable - desiderabile

Slight - insignificante, leggero, debole, lieve, disprezzare, sminuire

provision - fornitura, disposizione, clausola, norma

destitute - bisognoso, indigente

suffer - soffrire, penare, patire, aggravarsi, subire, lasciare

greatly - molto, grandemente, assai, oltremodo

necessaries - necessario

comforts - agio, comodita, benessere

"Are there no prisons?" asked Scrooge.

prisons - prigione, carcere, fresco

"Plenty of prisons," said the gentleman, laying down the pen again.

plenty - abbondanza, cuccagna, abbondantemente

laying down - sdraiarsi

"And the Union workhouses?" demanded Scrooge. "Are they still in operation?"

Union - unione, talian: t-needed

workhouses - casa di lavoro

demanded - domanda, richiesta, rivendicazione, bisogno, necessita

operation - operazione, esercizio, gestione

"They are. Still," returned the gentleman, "I wish I could say they were not."

wish - desiderio, voglia, volere, desiderare, augurare

"The Treadmill and the Poor Law are in full vigour, then?" said Scrooge.

Treadmill - tappeto, tapis roulant

law - legge

full vigour - pieno vigore

"Both very busy, sir."

"Oh! I was afraid, from what you said at first, that something had occurred to stop them in their useful course," said Scrooge. "I am very glad to hear it."[18]

occurred - verificarsi, sovvenire, venire in mente

Glad - contento, felice

"Under the impression that they scarcely furnish Christian cheer of mind or body to the multitude," returned the gentleman, "a few of us are endeavouring to raise a fund to buy the Poor some meat and drink, and means of warmth. We choose this time, because it is a time, of all others, when Want is keenly felt, and Abundance rejoices. What shall I put you down for?"

impression - depressione, impronta, impressione, opinione, imitazione

scarcely - a malapena

furnish - fornire

Christian - cristiano, cristiana

cheer - urra, acclamazione

multitude - moltitudine, folla

endeavouring - tentare

raise - alzare, innalzare

fund - fondo, finanziare

keenly - con entusiasmo

abundance - abbondanza, cuccagna

rejoices - gioire, esultare

"Nothing!" Scrooge replied.

"You wish to be anonymous?"

anonymous - anonimo

"I wish to be left alone," said Scrooge. "Since you ask me what I wish, gentlemen, that is my answer. I don't make merry myself at Christmas, and I can't afford to make idle people merry. I help to support the establishments I have mentioned-they cost enough; and those who are badly off must go there."

Since - da allora, a partire da, da quando, poiché, giacché, dacché

make merry - gioire

afford - permettersi

idle - inattivo

support - sostenere

establishments - istituzione, fondazione, creazione, insediamento, instaurazione

mentioned - cenno, accenno, menzione, menzionare

those - quelle, quei, quegli

badly - male

"Many can't go there; and many would rather die."

Rather - rato

"If they would rather die," said Scrooge, "they had better do it, and decrease the surplus population. Besides-excuse me-I don't know that."

Rather - preferibilmente, piuttosto, abbastanza, meglio

decrease - diminuire, calare, far calare, ribassare

surplus - surplus, avanzo

population - popolazione

besides - accanto, vicino

Excuse - scusare, perdonare, scusarsi, giustificarsi, scusa, pretesto

"But you might know it," observed the gentleman.

observed - osservare

"It's not my business," Scrooge returned. "It's enough for a man to understand his own business, and not to interfere with other people's. Mine occupies me constantly. Good afternoon, gentlemen!"

interfere - impicciarsi, impedire

occupies - occupare

constantly - ininterrottamente, costantemente, continuamente, senza sosta

Seeing clearly that it would be useless to pursue their point, the gentlemen withdrew. Scrooge resumed his labours with an improved opinion of himself, and in a more facetious temper than was usual with him.

Clearly - chiaramente, certamente, evidentemente

useless - inutile, buono a nulla, negato

pursue - perseguire, perseguitare, tormentare, inseguire, cercare

withdrew - ritirare, ritirarsi

resumed - riprendere

labours - lavoro, lavoratori, lavoranti, parto, travaglio, doglie

facetious - faceto

temper - carattere, temperamento

usual - solito, usuale, consueto, abituale

Meanwhile the fog and darkness thickened so, that people ran about with flaring links, proffering their services to go before horses in carriages, and conduct them on their way.

Meanwhile - intanto, nel frattempo

darkness - buio, oscurita, tenebre, scuro

thickened - addensare

links - anello, maglia

proffering - profferta, proporre

services - servizio, di servizio

carriages - carrozza, portamento, postura, carrello

conduct - conduzione, comportamento, condotta, condurre, comportarsi

The ancient tower of a church, whose gruff old bell was always peeping slily down at Scrooge out of a Gothic window in the wall, became invisible, and struck the hours and quarters in the clouds, with tremulous vibrations afterwards, as if its teeth were chattering in its frozen head up there. The cold became[19] intense.

ancient - antico

tower - torre

whose - talian: di chi, cui

gruff - rauco, roco

bell - campana

peeping - sbirciatina

slily - Perezosamente

Gothic - gotico

invisible - invisibile, dietro le quinte

struck - cancellare, colpire, coniare, scioperare, sembrare, arrendersi, sciopero

clouds - annuvolarsi, oscurare, annebbiare

tremulous - tremolante

vibrations - vibrazione

chattering - chiacchierare

frozen - gelare

intense - intenso

In the main street, at the corner of the court, some labourers were repairing the gas-pipes, and had lighted a great fire in a brazier, round which a party of ragged men and boys were gathered: warming their hands and winking their eyes before the blaze in rapture. The water-plug being left in solitude, its overflowings suddenly congealed, and turned to misanthropic ice.

corner - angolo, sporgenza, angolo sporgente, pietra d'angolo

labourers - manovale

repairing - riparare

pipes - cornamusa, canna d'organo, condotto, tubo, pipe, barra verticale

brazier - braciere

ragged - stracciato

gathered - cogliere, collezionare, radunarsi, raccogliere, bottinare

winking - ammiccare

blaze - incendio

rapture - rapimento, estasi

plug - presa, spina, tappo

solitude - solitudine

overflowings - traboccante

suddenly - all'improvviso, improvvisamente

congealed - congelare, coagulare

misanthropic - misantropico

The brightness of the shops, where holly sprigs and berries crackled in the lamp heat of the windows, made pale faces ruddy as they passed. Poulterers'and grocers'trades became a splendid joke: a glorious pageant, with which it was next to impossible to believe that such dull principles as bargain and sale had anything to do.

brightness - luminosita

sprigs - talian: t-needed

berries - bacca

crackled - crepitio, scoppiettio, crepitare

pale - pallido

passed - passare

grocers - droghiere, droghiera

trades - commercio, mestiere, commerciare, trafficare, scambiare

splendid - splendido

joke - barzelletta, battuta, scherzo, celia

glorious - glorioso

pageant - parata, mostra, esposizione, esibizione

impossible - impossibile, insopportabile, impossibile (2)

dull - spuntato, smussato, noioso, soporifero, tedioso

principles - principio, regola, valore

sale - vendita

The Lord mayor, in the stronghold of the mighty Mansion House, gave orders to his fifty cooks and butlers to keep Christmas as a Lord Mayor's household should; and even the little tailor, whom he had fined five shillings on the previous Monday for being drunk and blood-thirsty in the streets, stirred up to-morrow's pudding in his garret, while his lean wife and the baby sallied out to buy the beef.

Lord mayor - Sindaco

stronghold - bastione, baluardo

mighty - potente, possente

mansion - reggia, dimora, palazzo, villa

butlers - costituente, maggiordomo

household - famiglia, nucleo familiare, domestico, casalinghi

tailor - sarto, sarta, calibrare

whom - chi, cui

previous - previo

blood - sangue

stirred up - agitato

garret - soffitta, solaio

lean - pendere

sallied - sortita

beef - manzo, carne bovina

Foggier yet, and colder! Piercing, searching, biting cold. If the good St. Dunstan had but nipped the Evil Spirit's nose with a touch of such weather as that, instead of using his familiar weapons, then indeed he would have roared to lusty purpose.

Foggier - nebbioso

piercing - foro, piercing, pungente, penetrante

searching - ricerca, cercare, buscare

biting cold - freddo pungente

spirit - spirito

touch - toccare, commuovere, tocco, tatto

instead - in luogo di, invece, al posto di

familiar - familiare, spirito famigliare, famiglio

weapons - arma

roared - ruggire, sganasciarsi dalle risate

lusty - lussurioso

The owner of one scant young nose, gnawed and mumbled by the hungry cold as bones are gnawed by dogs, stooped down at Scrooge's keyhole to regale him with a Christmas carol; but, at the first sound of

scant - scarso, esiguo

gnawed - rodere, rosicchiare, mordicchiare, rosicare

mumbled - biascicare, mugugnare, farfugliare, balbettare

bones - osso, lisca, spina

stooped - chinarsi, abbassarsi

regale - dilettare

"God Bless you, merry gentleman,

Bless you - Salute!

May nothing you dismay!"

dismay - abbattere, abbattersi, mortificare, mortificarsi, scoraggiare

Scrooge seized the ruler with such energy of action, that the singer fled in terror, leaving the keyhole to the fog, and even more congenial frost.

seized - prendere, afferrare, approfittare, sfruttare

ruler - righello, sovrano

energy - energia, forza

fled - fuggire

terror - terrore

congenial - simpatico, socievole

at length the hour of shutting up the counting-house arrived.[20] With an ill-will Scrooge dismounted from his stool, and tacitly admitted the fact to the expectant clerk in the tank, who instantly snuffed his candle out, and put on his hat.

at length - a lungo

shutting - chiudere

ill-will - (ill-will) malvagita

dismounted - smontarsi

stool - sgabello

tacitly - tacitamente

admitted - far entrare, ammettere, riconoscere, ricoverare

expectant - in dolce attesa

instantly - istantaneamente

snuffed - tabacco da fiuto

"You'll want all day to-morrow, I suppose?" said Scrooge.

suppose - supporre, immaginare

"If quite convenient, sir."

Convenient - conveniente, comodo

"It's not convenient," said Scrooge, "and it's not fair. If I was to stop half-a-crown for it, you'd think yourself ill used, I'll be bound?"

fair - biondo, chiaro

crown - corona

ill - malato

The clerk smiled faintly.

smiled - sorriso, sorridere

faintly - debolmente, tenuemente, fiocamente, fievolmente

"And yet," said Scrooge, "you don't think me ill used when I pay a day's wages for no work."

wages - intraprendere

The clerk observed that it was only once a year.

"A poor excuse for picking a man's pocket every twenty-fifth of December!" said Scrooge, buttoning his great-coat to the chin. "But I suppose you must have the whole day. Be here all the earlier next morning."

picking - scegliere

buttoning - bottone

The clerk promised that he would; and Scrooge walked out with a growl.

promised - promessa, giuramento, voto, promettere, giurare

growl - ringhio, brontolio, ringhiare

The office was closed in a twinkling, and the clerk, with the long ends of his white comforter dangling below his waist (for he boasted no great-coat), went down a slide on Cornhill, at the end of a lane of boys, twenty times, in honour of its being Christmas-eve, and then ran home to Camden Town as hard as he could pelt, to play at blindman's buff.

twinkling - scintillante

dangling - penzolare, (dangle), far penzolare

waist - vita, cintura, cintola

boasted - vantarsi

slide on - scivolare su

lane - passaggio, corsia

honour - onore

Christmas-Eve - (Christmas-Eve) Vigilia di Natale

pelt - lanciare, colpire

blindman's buff - mosca cieca

Scrooge took his melancholy dinner in his usual melancholy tavern; and having read all the newspapers, and beguiled the rest of the evening with his banker's book, went home to bed. He lived in chambers which had once belonged to his deceased partner.

melancholy - malinconia

tavern - taverna, osteria, birreria

beguiled - ingannare, turlupinare, incantare, distogliere, sedurre

banker - banchiere

chambers - camera, camera da letto

belonged - appartenere a

deceased - decesso, morire

They were a gloomy suite of rooms, in a lowering pile of building up a yard, where it had so little business to be, that one could scarcely help fancying it must have run there when it was a young house, playing at hide-and-seek with other houses, and have forgotten the way out again.

gloomy - tetro, uggioso, cupo, lugubre

suite of rooms - serie di stanze

lowering - abbassamento

pile - pila, mucchio

building up - costruire

fancying - capriccio

hide-and-seek - (hide-and-seek) nascondino

It was old enough now, and dreary enough; for nobody lived in it but Scrooge, the other rooms being all let out as offices. The yard[21] was so dark that even Scrooge, who knew its every stone, was fain to grope with his hands. The fog and frost so hung about the black old gateway of the house, that it seemed as if the Genius of the Weather sat in mournful meditation on the threshold.

dreary - melanconico, malinconico

let out - far uscire, lasciar andare

stone - pietra, roccia, sasso, tsassolino, gemma

fain - desiderare

grope - tastare, palpeggiare, palpare

hung about - gironzolare

gateway - entrance, point that represents the beginning of a transition

seemed - sembrare, parere, apparire

genius - genio

mournful - lamentoso

meditation - meditazione

threshold - soglia, soglia di casa, entrata, uscio

Now, it is a fact that there was nothing at all particular about the knocker on the door, except that it was very large. It is also a fact that Scrooge had seen it, night and morning, during his whole residence in that place; also that Scrooge had as little of what is called fancy about him as any man in the City of London, even including-which is a bold word-the corporation, aldermen, and livery.

particular - specifico, proprio, particolare, speciale, minuzioso

knocker - bussare

Except - salvo, tranne, eccetto, fatto salvo

residence - residenza

fancy - capriccio

bold - ardito, coraggioso

corporation - ente, corporazione, societa per azioni, societa anonima, societa

aldermen - aldermanno

livery - livrea

Let it also be borne in mind that Scrooge had not bestowed one thought on Marley since his last mention of his seven-years'-dead partner that afternoon. And then let any man explain to me, if he can, how it happened that Scrooge, having his key in the lock of the door, saw in the knocker, without its undergoing any intermediate process of change-not a knocker, but Marley's face.

borne - sopportare

bestowed - depositare, immagazzinare, collocare, alloggiare, donare, gloss

lock - serratura

undergoing - soffrire, sottoporsi

intermediate - intermedio

process - processo, metodo

Marley's face. It was not in impenetrable shadow, as the other objects in the yard were, but had a dismal light about it, like a bad lobster in a dark cellar. It was not angry or ferocious, but looked at Scrooge as Marley used to look: with ghostly spectacles turned up on its ghostly forehead.

impenetrable - impenetrabile

shadow - ombra, pedinare

Lobster - astice, aragosta, gambero di mare, lupicante

cellar - cantina

ferocious - feroce, efferato, abominevole, odioso

ghostly - spettrale, fantasmatico, spiritico

spectacles - spettacolo

forehead - fronte

The hair was curiously stirred, as if by breath of hot air; and, though the eyes were wide open, they were perfectly motionless. That, and its livid colour, made it horrible; but its horror seemed to be in spite of the face, and beyond its control, rather than a part of its own expression.

curiously - curiosamente

stirred - rimescolare

hot air - aria fritta, parole vuote

wide - largo, ampio, vasto, laterale

motionless - immobile, immoto, inerte

livid - furibondo, furibonda

horrible - orribile, terribile

horror - orrore

spite - dispetto, rancore

control - controllare, influenzare, dirigere, controllo, comando

As Scrooge looked fixedly at this phenomenon, it was a knocker again.

fixedly - fisso, fissamente

phenomenon - fenomeno

To say that he was not startled, or that his blood was not conscious of a terrible sensation to which it had been a stranger from infancy, would be untrue. But he put his hand upon the[22] key he had relinquished, turned it sturdily, walked in, and lighted his candle.

startled - scattare, sobbalzare, spaventare, sorprendere, schivare, evitare

conscious - cosciente, conscio, consapevole

sensation - sensazione, senso, impressione

Stranger - Straniero

infancy - prima infanzia

untrue - falso

relinquished - abbandonare, rinunciare, rilasciare, lasciare andare, liberare

sturdily - robustamente

He did pause, with a moment's irresolution, before he shut the door; and he did look cautiously behind it first, as if he half expected to be terrified with the sight of Marley's pigtail sticking out into the hall. But there was nothing on the back of the door, except the screws and nuts that held the knocker on, so he said, "Pooh, pooh!" and closed it with a bang.

pause - mettere in pausa, pausa

irresolution - irresoluzione

cautiously - cautamente, prudentemente

expected - aspettarsi, pensare

terrified - terrificare

sight - vista, spettacolo, mirino, vedere, avvistare, mirare

pigtail - codino

sticking out - sporgere

hall - corridoio, sala

screws - vite, elica, scopata, chiavare, fottere, scopare, trombare

held - tenere

Pooh - short for Winnie the Pooh

bang - botta

The sound resounded through the house like thunder. Every room above, and every cask in the wine merchant's cellars below, appeared to have a separate peal of echoes of its own. Scrooge was not a man to be frightened by echoes. He fastened the door, and walked across the hall, and up the stairs: slowly, too: trimming his candle as he went.

resounded - risuonare

thunder - tuono, rombo, schianto, boato, fragore, frastuono, tuonare

cask - botte

merchant - mercante, mercantessa, commerciante, negoziante

cellars - cantina

separate - separato, separata, separare, dividere

peal - suono (di campane)

Echoes - eco

be frightened - essere spaventato

fastened - chiudere, fissare, attaccare

stairs - scalino, scala

slowly - lentamente, piano, a rilento

trimming - rifilatura, (trim), tagliare, accorciare, decorare, bordare

You may talk vaguely about driving a coach and six up a good old flight of stairs, or through a bad young Act of Parliament; but I mean to say you might have got a hearse up that staircase, and taken it broadwise, with the splinter-bar towards the wall, and the door towards the balustrades: and done it easy.

vaguely - vagamente

coach - carrozza, vettura, diligenza, cocchio, carrozza ferroviaria

act - atto, legge, numero, scena, messinscena, agire, recitare, fare

hearse - cerbiatta, cerva, baldacchino, catafalco, cataletto

staircase - scalinata, tromba delle scale

broadwise - in senso lato

splinter - scheggia

bar - barra, tavoletta, sbarra

towards - verso, incontro, per, presso

balustrades - balaustra, balaustrata, ringhiera

There was plenty of width for that, and room to spare; which is perhaps the reason why Scrooge thought he saw a locomotive hearse going on before him in the gloom. Half-a-dozen gas-lamps out of the street wouldn't have lighted the entry too well, so you may suppose that it was pretty dark with Scrooge's dip.

width - larghezza

spare - (fare a meno di)

Perhaps - forse

locomotive - locomotiva, motrice, locomotivo

gloom - oscurita, tenebre, buio

entry - entrata, ingresso, accesso

dip - intingere

Up Scrooge went, not caring a button for that. Darkness is cheap, and Scrooge liked it. But, before he shut his heavy door, he walked through his rooms to see that all was right. He had just enough recollection of the face to desire to do that.

button - bottone

heavy - pesante

recollection - ricordo

desire - desiderare, volere, desiderio, voglia

sitting-room, bedroom, lumber-room. All as they should be. Nobody under the table, nobody under the sofa; a small fire in the grate; spoon and basin ready; and the little saucepan of gruel (Scrooge had a cold in his head) upon the hob. Nobody under the bed; nobody in the closet; nobody in his dressing-[23]gown, which was hanging up in a suspicious attitude against the wall. Lumber-room as usual.

sitting room - (sitting room) salotto

lumber - legname, arrancare

sofa - divano, sofa

grate - griglia

spoon - cucchiaio

basin - lavandino, lavabo, bacinella, lavacro

saucepan - pentola, casseruola, tegamino

gruel - pappa

hob - (mensola interna del focolare)

closet - armadio, ripostiglio

hanging up - riattaccare

suspicious - sospetto, ambiguo, losco, sospettoso, diffidente

attitude - atteggiamento, postura, comportamento, approccio

Old fire-guard, old shoes, two fish baskets, washing-stand on three legs, and a poker.

guard - guardia, piantone, custode, elsa

baskets - cestino, cesto, canestro, cesta

Quite satisfied, he closed his door, and locked himself in; double locked himself in, which was not his custom. Thus secured against surprise, he took off his cravat; put on his dressing-gown and slippers, and his nightcap; and sat down before the fire to take his gruel.

satisfied - soddisfare, accontentare, saziare

locked - serratura

double - doppio, doppia, sosia, doppione, doppiare

custom - usanza, costume, uso, personalizzato, fatto ad hoc

thus - cosi

secured - sicuro, protetto, segreto, stabile, affidabile, garantire

surprise - sorpresa, stupire, sorprendere, meravigliare

cravat - foulard

dressing-gown - (dressing-gown) vestaglia

slippers - ciabatta, pantofola, babbuccia

nightcap - berretto frigio, berretto da notte, papalina

It was a very low fire indeed; nothing on such a bitter night. He was obliged to sit close to it, and brood over it, before he could extract the least sensation of warmth from such a handful of fuel. The fire-place was an old one, built by some Dutch merchant long ago, and paved all round with quaint Dutch tiles, designed to illustrate the Scriptures.

Bitter - amaro, aspro

obliged - obbligare, forzare, costringere, fare un favore, indebitarsi

brood - nidiata, prole, schiusa, covata, checknidiata, covare, allevare

extract - estratto, cavare

handful - manciata, pugno, manipolo, gruppetto

fuel - carburante, combustibile, rifornimento, rifornire, alimentare

Dutch - olandese, nederlandese, neerlandese

paved - lastricare, pavimentare

quaint - originale, curioso

tiles - tegola

illustrate - illustrare, mostrare, descrivere, spiegare

Scriptures - scrittura

There were Cains and Abels, Pharaoh's daughters, Queens of Sheba, Angelic messengers descending through the air on clouds like feather beds, Abrahams, Belshazzars, Apostles putting off to sea in butter-boats, hundreds of figures to attract his thoughts; and yet that face of Marley, seven years dead, came like the ancient Prophet's rod, and swallowed up the whole.

Cains - Caino

Abels - Abele

Pharaoh - faraone

Queens - regine, (queen), regina, donna, checca, ape regina, gatta

Messengers - messaggero, corriere

descending - scendere

feather beds - letti di piume

Abrahams - Abramo

apostles - apostolo

putting off - rimandare

figures - figura, fisico, personaggio, cifra, forma, calcolare, risolvere

attract - attirare, attrarre, sedurre, affascinare

thoughts - idea, pensata, pensiero

prophet - profeta, vate, divinatore, aedo

rod - palo, pertica, stecca, bastone, canna

swallowed up - inghiottito

If each smooth tile had been a blank at first, with power to shape some picture on its surface from the disjointed fragments of his thoughts, there would have been a copy of old Marley's head on every one.

smooth - liscio, mellifluo, facile, dolce, soffice, blando

tile - tegola

blank - intonso, in bianco, vuoto, intatto, vergine, cartuccia a salve

power - potere, influenza, potenza, forza, elettricita, corrente

shape - condizione, stato, forma, sagoma

surface - superficie, venire a galla, emergere

disjointed - disgiunto

fragments - frammento, frammentare

copy - copia, replica, copiare, imitare, ricevere

"Humbug!" said Scrooge; and walked across the room.

After several turns he sat down again. As he threw his head back in the chair, his glance happened to rest upon a bell, a disused bell, that hung in the room, and communicated, for some purpose now forgotten, with a chamber in the highest story of the building. It was with great astonishment, and with a strange, inexplicable dread, that, as he looked, he saw this bell begin to swing.

several - diversi, vari

threw - gettare, lanciare

glance - dare un'occhiata, sbirciare, occhieggiare, radere, rasentare

rest upon - dipendere da, poggiare su

disused - disuso

hung - appendere, attaccare

communicated - comunicare, informare, trasmettere, essere collegato

chamber - camera, camera da letto

astonishment - stupore, meraviglia, sorpresa, sbigottimento

strange - strano, anormale

inexplicable - inspiegabile, incomprensibile, inesplicabile

dread - temere, timore

swing - oscillare, ondeggiare, altalenare, dondolare, altalena

It swung so softly in the outset that it scarcely made a sound; but soon it rang out loudly, and so did every bell in the house.[24]

swung - oscillare, ondeggiare, altalenare, dondolare, altalena

softly - delicatamente, sottovoce

outset - inizio

rang - ordine del giorno

loudly - a voce alta, forte

This might have lasted half a minute, or a minute, but it seemed an hour. The bells ceased, as they had begun, together. They were succeeded by a clanking noise, deep down below, as if some person were dragging a heavy chain over the casks in the wine merchant's cellar. Scrooge then remembered to have heard that ghosts in haunted houses were described as dragging chains.

lasted - ultimo

bells - campana

ceased - cessare, arrestare, smettere, interrompere

succeeded - succedere, riuscire

clanking - sferragliare

noise - rumore, strepito

deep - profondo, spesso, esteso, profondo (1, 2)

dragging - trascinare, tirare

casks - botte

ghosts - fantasma, spettro, spirito, larva

haunted - infestare, tormentare, ritrovo

chains - catena, incatenare, concatenare

The cellar door flew open with a booming sound, and then he heard the noise much louder on the floors below; then coming up the stairs; then coming straight towards his door.

booming - boom

louder - forte, alto

straight - dritto, retto, diretto, liscio, puro, in linea, convenzionale

"It's humbug still!" said Scrooge. "I won't believe it."

His colour changed, though, when, without a pause, it came on through the heavy door, and passed into the room before his eyes. Upon its coming in, the dying flame leaped up, as though it cried, "I know him! Marley's Ghost!" and fell again.

dying - morire

flame - fiamma, flame, fiammeggiare, infiammare

leaped - saltare

The same face: the very same. Marley in his pigtail, usual waistcoat, tights, and boots; the tassels on the latter bristling, like his pigtail, and his coat-skirts, and the hair upon his head. The chain he drew was clasped about his middle.

waistcoat - panciotto, gile, corpetto

tights - aderente, teso, stretto, tirato, nitido

tassels - nappa

latter - secondo, quest'ultimo

bristling - pelo ispido, barba corta ispida, setola, setole

chain - catena, incatenare, concatenare

clasped - fibbia, gancio, fermaglio, stringere, serrare

It was long, and wound about him like a tail; and it was made (for Scrooge observed it closely) of cash-boxes, keys, padlocks, ledgers, deeds, and heavy purses wrought in steel. His body was transparent; so that Scrooge, observing him, and looking through his waistcoat, could see the two buttons on his coat behind.

wound - ferita

tail - coda

closely - strettamente, da vicino, a stretto contatto

cash - contante

padlocks - lucchetto

ledgers - registro contabile, pietra tombale, traversa, libro mastro

deeds - fatto, gesto, gesta, prodezza, impresa

purses - borse

transparent - ordine del giorno

observing - osservare

looking through - guardare attraverso

buttons - bottoni

Scrooge had often heard it said that Marley had no bowels, but he had never believed it until now.

bowels - intestino crasso, budella, viscere, intestino, interiora

No, nor did he believe it even now. Though he looked the phantom through and through, and saw it standing before him; though he felt the chilling influence of its death-cold eyes; and marked the very texture of the folded kerchief bound about its head and chin, which wrapper he had not observed before; he was still incredulous, and fought against his senses.

nor - neanche, nemmeno

phantom - fantasma, spettro, immaginario, immaginaria, irreale

chilling - agghiacciante

Death - morte, dipartita, decesso, morire, la morte

marked - Marco

texture - texture

folded - piegare

kerchief - bandana, fascia

wrapper - involucro

incredulous - incredulo

fought - lottare, battersi

senses - senso, coscienza, sensazione, significato, tocco

"How now!" said Scrooge, caustic and cold as ever. "What do you want with me?"[25]

caustic - caustico, caustica

"Much!"-Marley's voice, no doubt about it.

"Who are you?"

"Ask me who I was."

"Who were you, then?" said Scrooge, raising his voice. "You're particular, for a shade." He was going to say "to a shade," but substituted this, as more appropriate.

raising - sollevando

shade - ombra, persiana, tonalita, gradazione, nuance, varieta

substituted - sostituire, sostituto, rimpiazzo

appropriate - apposito, appropriato

"In life I was your partner, Jacob Marley."

Jacob - Giacobbe, Giacomo, Jacopo

"Can you-can you sit down?" asked Scrooge, looking doubtfully at him.

doubtfully - dubbiosamente

"I can."

"Do it, then."

Scrooge asked the question, because he didn't know whether a ghost so transparent might find himself in a condition to take a chair; and felt that, in the event of its being impossible, it might involve the necessity of an embarrassing explanation. But the Ghost sat down on the opposite side of the fire-place, as if he were quite used to it.

whether - se, indipendentemente, sia che, che, no, checkse

condition - condizione, influenzare, condizionare

involve - elevare, avvolgere, coinvolgere

necessity - necessita, bisogno

embarrassing - imbarazzare, mettere in imbarazzo

explanation - spiegazione, esplicazione, chiarificazione, esegesi

opposite side - lato opposto

"You don't believe in me," observed the Ghost.

"I don't," said Scrooge.

"What evidence would you have of my reality beyond that of your own senses?"

evidence - prova, evidenza

reality - realta

"I don't know," said Scrooge.

"Why do you doubt your senses?"

"Because," said Scrooge, "a little thing affects them. A slight disorder of the stomach makes them cheats. You may be an undigested bit of beef, a blot of mustard, a crumb of cheese, a fragment of an underdone potato. There's more of gravy than of grave about you, whatever you are!"

affects - avere effetto su

disorder - disordine, disturbo

stomach - stomaco, pancia, digerire, sopportare

cheats - ingannare, barare

undigested - non digerito

bit - morso

blot - macchia, macchiare, assorbire

mustard - senape

crumb - briciola, mollica, impasto, impanare

fragment - frammento, frammentare

underdone - sottotono

gravy - sugo, salsa

whatever - qualunque, qualsiasi, qualsivoglia, come vuoi

Scrooge was not much in the habit of cracking jokes, nor did he feel in his heart by any means waggish then. The truth is, that he tried to be smart, as a means of distracting his own attention, and keeping down his terror; for the spectre's voice disturbed the very marrow in his bones.

habit - abitudine

cracking jokes - scherzare

truth - verita, veritate

smart - elegante

distracting - distrarre

attention - attenzione, allerta, sull'attenti

spectre - spettro

disturbed - disturbare

marrow - midollo

To sit staring at those fixed glazed eyes in silence, for a[26] moment, would play, Scrooge felt, the very deuce with him. There was something very awful, too, in the spectre's being provided with an infernal atmosphere of his own.

fixed - aggiustare, riparare, mettere una pezza, sistemare, preparare

glazed - gelicidio, velatura

silence - silenzio, silenziare, azzittire, mettere a tacere

deuce - Dos

awful - pessimo, terribile, orribile, impressionante, tremendamente

provided with - dotato, fornito

infernal - infernale

atmosphere - atmosfera

Scrooge could not feel it himself, but this was clearly the case; for though the Ghost sat perfectly motionless, its hair, and skirts, and tassels were still agitated as by the hot vapour from an oven.

case - caso

agitated - agitare, scuotere, sbattere, turbare

vapour - vapore

oven - forno

"You see this toothpick?" said Scrooge, returning quickly to the charge, for the reason just assigned; and wishing, though it were only for a second, to divert the vision's stony gaze from himself.

toothpick - stuzzicadenti

charge - costo, prezzo, carico, accusa, imputazione, carica, incarico

assigned - assegnare, accantonare, categorizzare, attribuire

wishing - desiderare, (wish), desiderio, voglia, volere

divert - deviare, distrarre, divertirsi, distrarsi

vision - vista, acutezza visiva, visione, allucinazione, miraggio

stony - sassoso

gaze - fissare, guardare, puntare gli occhi, volgere lo sguardo

"I do," replied the Ghost.

"You are not looking at it," said Scrooge.

"But I see it," said the Ghost, "notwithstanding."

"Well!" returned Scrooge, "I have but to swallow this, and be for the rest of my days persecuted by a legion of goblins, all of my own creation. Humbug, I tell you; humbug!"

swallow - inghiottire, ingoiare

Persecuted - perseguitare

legion - legione

goblins - folletto, goblin

creation - creazione, creato

At this the spirit raised a frightful cry, and shook its chain with such a dismal and appalling noise, that Scrooge held on tight to his chair, to save himself from falling in a swoon. But how much greater was his horror when the phantom, taking off the bandage round his head, as if it were too warm to wear indoors, its lower jaw dropped down upon its breast!

raised - alzare, innalzare

frightful - spaventoso

cry - piangere, gridare, urlare, pianto, urlo, verso

appalling - terribile, orrendo, pessimo, spaventoso

held on - tenuto in piedi

swoon - svenire

taking off - decollare

bandage - fasciatura, bendaggio, benda, benderella

indoors - al chiuso

lower jaw - mascella inferiore

dropped - goccia

breast - mammella, poppa, petto, seno

Scrooge fell upon his knees, and clasped his hands before his face.

"Mercy!" he said. "Dreadful apparition, why do you trouble me?"

mercy - misericordia, pieta, compassione, benevolenza

dreadful - terribile

apparition - apparizione

trouble - guaio, problema, impiccio, tumulto

"Man of the worldly mind!" replied the Ghost, "do you believe in me or not?"

worldly - mondano

"I do," said Scrooge. "I must. But why do spirits walk the earth, and why do they come to me?"

earth - terra, massa, tana, mettere a terra, tcollegare a terra

To sit staring at those fixed glazed eyes in silence, for a moment, would play,

Scrooge felt, the very deuce with him. To sit staring at those fixed glazed eyes in silence, for a moment, would play, Scrooge felt, the very deuce with him.

"It is required of every man," the Ghost returned, "that the spirit within him should walk abroad among his fellow-men, and travel far and wide; and, if that spirit goes not forth in life, it is condemned to do so after death. It is doomed to[27] wander through the world-oh, woe is me!-and witness what it cannot share, but might have shared on earth, and turned to happiness!"

required - esigere, prevedere, richiedere, necessitare, domandare

abroad - all'estero

fellow-men - (fellow-men) prossimi, compagni

forth - avanti

condemned - condannare

doomed - sentenza, giudizio, decisione, penalita

wander - errare, vagare, girovagare, passeggiare

woe - dolore, disgrazia, guaio

witness - testimone

Happiness - felicita, gioia, allegria

Again the spectre raised a cry, and shook its chain and wrung its shadowy hands.

wrung - strizzare

shadowy - ombroso

"You are fettered," said Scrooge, trembling. "Tell me why?"

fettered - ferri, ceppi, ostacoli, incatenare, ostacolare

trembling - tremare, (tremble), tremolare, tremore

"I wear the chain I forged in life," replied the Ghost. "I made it link by link, and yard by yard; I girded it on of my own free-will, and of my own free-will I wore it. Is its pattern strange to you?"

forged - fucina, fornace

link - anello, maglia

girded - cintura

free-will - (free-will) libero arbitrio

pattern - modello, trama, struttura, schema, cartamodello

Scrooge trembled more and more.

trembled - tremare, tremolare, tremore

"Or would you know," pursued the Ghost, "the weight and length of the strong coil you bear yourself? It was full as heavy and as long as this, seven Christmas-eves ago. You have laboured on it since. It is a ponderous chain!"

pursued - perseguire, perseguitare, tormentare, inseguire, cercare

weight - peso, appesantire, gravare, ponderare

coil - attorcigliarsi

bear - sopportare

eves - vigilia

laboured - lavoro, lavoratori, lavoranti, parto, travaglio, doglie

ponderous - ponderoso

Scrooge glanced about him on the floor, in the expectation of finding himself surrounded by some fifty or sixty fathoms of iron cable, but he could see nothing.

glanced - dare un'occhiata, sbirciare, occhieggiare, radere, rasentare

expectation - attesa, attese, aspettativa

surrounded - circondare, accerchiare, assediare

fathoms - braccio

of iron - di ferro

cable - cavo, cavo elettrico, treccia, cablare

"Jacob!" he said imploringly. "Old Jacob Marley, tell me more! Speak comfort to me, Jacob!"

imploringly - implorante

comfort - agio, comodita, benessere

"I have none to give," the Ghost replied. "It comes from other regions, Ebenezer Scrooge, and is conveyed by other ministers, to other kinds of men. Nor can I tell you what I would. A very little more is all permitted to me. I cannot rest, I cannot stay, I cannot linger anywhere.

none - nessuno, niente

regions - regione

conveyed - trasportare, condurre, comunicare, esprimere, trasferire

ministers - ministro

permitted - permettere

linger - indugiare, sostare, trattenersi, attardarsi

anywhere - ovunque, dappertutto, dovunque

My spirit never walked beyond our counting-house-mark me;-in life my spirit never roved beyond the narrow limits of our money-changing hole; and weary journeys lie before me!"

mark - Marco

roved - vagare, vagabondare

narrow - stretto

limits - limite

hole - buco

weary - annoiato, tediato, spossato, stanco, annoiare, annoiarsi

lie - bugia

It was a habit with Scrooge, whenever he became thoughtful, to put his hands in his breeches pockets. Pondering on what the Ghost had said, he did so now, but without lifting up his eyes, or getting off his knees.

whenever - ogni volta che

thoughtful - pensieroso, pensoso, meditabondo, cogitabondo, premuroso

breeches - culatta

pockets - tasca, buca, sacca, intascare, imbucare, tascabile

pondering - ponderare

lifting - alzare, sollevare

getting off - scendere

"You must have been very slow about it, Jacob," Scrooge[28] observed in a business-like manner, though with humility and deference.

manner - maniera, modo

humility - umilta

deference - deferenza

"Slow!" the Ghost repeated.

"Seven years dead," mused Scrooge. "And travelling all the time?"

mused - Musa

"The whole time," said the Ghost. "No rest, no peace. Incessant torture of remorse."

peace - pace, armonia

incessant - incessante

torture - torturare

remorse - rimorso

"You travel fast?" said Scrooge.

"On the wings of the wind," replied the Ghost.

wings - ala, squadra, parafango

"You might have got over a great quantity of ground in seven years," said Scrooge.

got over - passare, riprendersi, superare, risolvere

quantity - grandezza, quantita, numero

ground - terra

The Ghost, on hearing this, set up another cry, and clanked its chain so hideously in the dead silence of the night, that the Ward would have been justified in indicting it for a nuisance.

set - Seth

clanked - risuonare con suono metallico

hideously - orrendamente

ward - corsia, reparto

justified - giustificare

indicting - accusare, incriminare

nuisance - seccatura

"Oh! captive, bound, and double-ironed," cried the phantom, "not to know that ages of incessant labour, by immortal creatures, for this earth must pass into eternity before the good of which it is susceptible is all developed! Not to know that any Christian spirit working kindly in its little sphere, whatever it may be, will find its mortal life too short for its vast means of usefulness!

captive - prigioniero, catturato, intrappolato

ironed - ferreo, ferroso, ferrico, inflessibile, stirare

labour - lavoro, lavoratori, lavoranti, parto, travaglio, doglie

immortal - immortale, indimenticabile

pass into - passare in

eternity - eternita

susceptible - suscettibile

developed - sviluppare, accrescere, avanzare, approfondire, creare

kindly - gentilmente

sphere - sfera

short for - abbreviazione di

vast - ampio, vasto, esteso, grande

usefulness - utilita

Not to know that no space of regret can make amends for one life's opportunities misused! Yet such was I! Oh, such was I!"

regret - rimpiangere, rammaricarsi, pentirsi, rammarico, rimpianto

amends - perfezionare, migliorare, correggere, ripulire, migliorarsi

opportunities - occasione, opportunita, possibilita, chance

misused - cattivo uso, uso scorretto

"But you were always a good man of business, Jacob," faltered Scrooge, who now began to apply this to himself.

faltered - inciampare

apply - applicare

"Business!" cried the Ghost, wringing its hands again. "Mankind was my business. The common welfare was my business; charity, mercy, forbearance, and benevolence were, all, my business. The dealings of my trade were but a drop of water in the comprehensive ocean of my business!"

wringing - strizzare

mankind - umanita, genere umano

welfare - benessere, bene

charity - carita, amore, altruismo, ente di beneficenza

forbearance - pazienza, tolleranza, sopportazione

benevolence - benevolenza

dealings - spacciare

trade - commercio, mestiere, commerciare, trafficare, scambiare

drop of water - una goccia d'acqua

comprehensive - esaustivo, completo, complessivo

Ocean - oceano

It held up its chain at arm's length, as if that were the cause of all its unavailing grief, and flung it heavily upon the ground again.

cause - causa, provocare, causare, produrre, ottenere

unavailing - inefficace, infruttuoso, futile

grief - dolore, pena, sofferenza

flung - lanciare

heavily - pesantemente, fortemente, intensamente

"At this time of the rolling year," the spectre said, "I suffer[29] most. Why did I walk through crowds of fellow-beings with my eyes turned down, and never raise them to that blessed Star which led the Wise Men to a poor abode? Were there no poor homes to which its light would have conducted me?"

rolling - rotolamento

crowds - folla

beings - essere, creatura, esistenza

turned down - rifiutato

blessed - beato, benedetto, checkbenedetto

led - LED

wise - saggio

abode - residenza, (abide), sopportare, tollerare, dimorare, risiedere

conducted - conduzione, comportamento, condotta, condurre, comportarsi

Scrooge was very much dismayed to hear the spectre going on at this rate, and began to quake exceedingly.

dismayed - abbattere, abbattersi, mortificare, mortificarsi, scoraggiare

rate - tasso, percentuale

quake - tremare

exceedingly - eccessivamente

"Hear me!" cried the Ghost. "My time is nearly gone."

nearly - quasi, praticamente, circa

"I will," said Scrooge. "But don't be hard upon me! Don't be flowery, Jacob! Pray!"

flowery - floreale

Pray - pregare

"How it is that I appear before you in a shape that you can see, I may not tell. I have sat invisible beside you many and many a day."

appear - apparire

beside - accanto, vicino

It was not an agreeable idea. Scrooge shivered, and wiped the perspiration from his brow.

agreeable - gradevole

shivered - rabbrividire, tremare

wiped - spolverare, strofinare

perspiration - sudore

brow - ciglio, orlo, cima, passerella da sbarco

"That is no light part of my penance," pursued the Ghost. "I am here to-night to warn you that you have yet a chance and hope of escaping my fate. A chance and hope of my procuring, Ebenezer."

penance - penitenza

warn - avvertire, avvisare

chance - caso

escaping - scappare, fuggire, darsela a gambe, evitare, eludere

fate - fato, sorte, destino

procuring - procurare, approvvigionare, acquistare, ottenere

"You were always a good friend to me," said Scrooge. "Thankee!"

Thankee - Grazie

"You will be haunted," resumed the Ghost, "by Three Spirits."

Scrooge's countenance fell almost as low as the Ghost's had done.

countenance - sembianza, apparenza, espressione

almost - quasi

"Is that the chance and hope you mentioned, Jacob?" he demanded in a faltering voice.

faltering - vacillare, (falter), inciampare

"It is."

"I-I think I'd rather not," said Scrooge.

"Without their visits," said the Ghost, "you cannot hope to shun the path I tread. Expect the first to-morrow when the bell tolls One."

shun - evitare, detestare, schivare, eludere, stigmatizzare

path - sentiero

tread - calpestare, pestare

expect - aspettarsi, pensare

tolls - suonare

"Couldn't I take 'em all at once, and have it over, Jacob?" hinted Scrooge.

hinted - accenno, allusione, indizio, aiuto

"Expect the second on the next night at the same hour.[30] The third, upon the next night when the last stroke of Twelve has ceased to vibrate. Look to see me no more; and look that, for your own sake, you remember what has passed between us!"

third - terzo, terza, atterzare

stroke - colpo

vibrate - vibrare

sake - (per amore di)

When it had said these words, the spectre took its wrapper from the table, and bound it round its head as before. Scrooge knew this by the smart sound its teeth made when the jaws were brought together by the bandage. He ventured to raise his eyes again, and found his supernatural visitor confronting him in an erect attitude, with its chain wound over and about its arm.

as before - come prima

jaws - mascella, mandibola

brought together - unire

ventured - avventura, azzardo, impresa, avventurarsi, azzardare, osare

supernatural - soprannaturale, sovrannaturale, ultraterreno

confronting - affrontare, confrontarsi, sfidare, confrontare

erect - eretto

The apparition walked backward from him; and, at every step it took, the window raised itself a little, so that, when the spectre reached it, it was wide open. It beckoned Scrooge to approach, which he did. When they were within two paces of each other, Marley's Ghost held up its hand, warning him to come no nearer. Scrooge stopped.

backward - indietro, retromarcia, riluttante, antiquato, fuori moda

step - passo

itself - sé, se stesso, sé stesso

reached - arrivare a, raggiungere

beckoned - accennare

paces - passo

Not so much in obedience as in surprise and fear; for, on the raising of the hand, he became sensible of confused noises in the air; incoherent sounds of lamentation and regret; wailings inexpressibly sorrowful and self-accusatory. The spectre, after listening for a moment, joined in the mournful dirge; and floated out upon the bleak, dark night.

obedience - obbedienza

fear - paura

confused - confondere

noises - rumore, strepito

incoherent - incoerente, sconclusionato

lamentation - lamento

wailings - lamenti

inexpressibly - in modo inesprimibile

sorrowful - dolorosa

accusatory - accusatorio

dirge - nenia, lamentazione, lagna

floated - galleggiare, appianatoia, frattazzo, pialletto, carro allegorico

Scrooge followed to the window: desperate in his curiosity. He looked out.

desperate - disperato

curiosity - curiosita

The air was filled with phantoms, wandering hither and thither in restless haste, and moaning as they went. Every one of them wore chains like Marley's Ghost; some few (they might be guilty governments) were linked together; none were free. Many had been personally known to Scrooge in their lives.

wandering - vagabondaggio, (wander), errare, vagare, girovagare, passeggiare

thither - li

restless - instancabile, irrequieto

haste - fretta

moaning - gemito, lamentarsi, gemere

guilty - colpevole

governments - governo, reggenza, controllo

linked - anello, maglia

personally - personalmente, come persona

He had been quite familiar with one old ghost in a white waistcoat, with a monstrous iron safe attached to its ankle, who cried piteously at being unable to assist a wretched woman with an infant, whom it saw below upon a doorstep. The misery with them all was, clearly, that they sought to interfere, for good, in human matters, and had lost the power for ever.[31]

monstrous - mostruoso, enorme, gigantesco

iron - ferreo, ferroso, ferrico, inflessibile, stirare

safe - sicuro, protetto, cassaforte

attached - legare

ankle - caviglia

piteously - in modo pietoso

unable - incapace

assist - assistere, aiutare, assistenza, aiuto, assist

wretched - misero

infant - bambino, bambina, infante, minorenne, minore

doorstep - porta di casa

misery - miseria, accidente

sought - cercare, ricercare

matters - materia, problema, argomento, questione, faccenda, causa

Whether these creatures faded into mist, or mist enshrouded them, he could not tell. But they and their spirit voices faded together; and the night became as it had been when he walked home.

faded - affievolirsi

mist - nebbia, foschia

enshrouded - avvolgere

voices - voce

Scrooge closed the window, and examined the door by which the Ghost had entered. It was double locked, as he had locked it with his own hands, and the bolts were undisturbed. He tried to say "Humbug!" but stopped at the first syllable.

examined - esaminare

entered - entrare, immettere, digitare

bolts - catenaccio

undisturbed - indisturbato

syllable - sillaba

And being, from the emotion he had undergone, or the fatigues of the day, or his glimpse of the Invisible World, or the dull conversation of the Ghost, or the lateness of the hour, much in need of repose, went straight to bed without undressing, and fell asleep upon the instant.[32]

emotion - emozione

undergone - soffrire, sottoporsi

fatigues - stanchezza, affaticamento, corvé, usura

Glimpse - occhiata, scorcio, intravedere

lateness - ritardo

repose - riposo

undressing - spogliarsi, (undress), svestirsi

asleep - addormentato

instant - immediato


When Scrooge awoke it was so dark, that, looking out of bed, he could scarcely distinguish the transparent window from the opaque walls of his chamber. He was endeavouring to pierce the darkness with his ferret eyes, when the chimes of a neighbouring church struck the four quarters. So he listened for the hour.

awoke - svegliarsi

distinguish - distinguere, discernere, distinguersi

opaque - opaco, opaca, offuscato, arcano, oscuro

pierce - trapassare, trafiggere

ferret - furetto

chimes - carillon

To his great astonishment, the heavy bell went on from six to seven, and from seven to eight, and regularly up to twelve; then stopped. Twelve! It was past two when he went to bed. The clock was wrong. An icicle must have got into the works. Twelve!

regularly - regolarmente

icicle - ghiacciolo

He touched the spring of his repeater, to correct this most preposterous clock. Its rapid little pulse beat twelve, and stopped.

touched - commosso

repeater - traslatore, ripetitore, automatico, a ripetizione, ripetizione

preposterous - irragionevole, insensato, assurdo

pulse beat - battino cardiaco

"Why, it isn't possible," said Scrooge, "that I can have slept through a whole day and far into another night. It isn't possible that anything has happened to the sun, and this is twelve at noon!"

at noon - a mezzogiorno

The idea being an alarming one, he scrambled out of bed, and groped his way to the window. He was obliged to rub the frost off with the sleeve of his dressing-gown before he could see anything; and could see very little then.

alarming - allarme

scrambled - arrampicarsi, (andare carponi)

groped - tastare, palpeggiare, palpare

Rub - strofinamento, strofinare, fregare

sleeve - manica, manicotto, contenitore, fodera

gown - tunica, toga

All he could make out was, that it was still very foggy and extremely cold, and that there was no noise of people running to and fro, and making a great stir, as there unquestionably would have been if night had beaten off bright day, and taken possession of the world. This[33] was a great relief, because "Three days after sight of this First of Exchange pay to Mr.

extremely - estremamente

stir - rimescolare

unquestionably - indiscutibilmente

beaten - colpire, percuotere

bright - luminoso, brillante

possession - possesso

relief - sollievo

after sight - dopo la vista

Exchange - cambiare

Ebenezer Scrooge or his order," and so forth, would have become a mere United States security if there were no days to count by.

United - unita

States - stato, dichiarare, statuire, esporre, indicare

Security - sicurezza, cartevalori

count - conte

Scrooge went to bed again, and thought, and thought, and thought it over and over, and could make nothing of it. The more he thought, the more perplexed he was; and, the more he endeavoured not to think, the more he thought.

perplexed - confondere, rendere perplesso

endeavoured - tentare

Marley's Ghost bothered him exceedingly. Every time he resolved within himself, after mature inquiry, that it was all a dream, his mind flew back again, like a strong spring released, to its first position, and presented the same problem to be worked all through, "Was it a dream or not?"

bothered - disturbare, infastidire, disturbarsi, prendersi la briga

resolved - decidere

mature - maturo

inquiry - inchiesta, indagine

dream - sogno, sognare

released - liberare, rilasciare

position - posizione, posto, lavoro, piazzare, posizionare

Scrooge lay in this state until the chime had gone three quarters more, when he remembered, on a sudden, that the Ghost had warned him of a visitation when the bell tolled one. He resolved to lie awake until the hour was passed; and, considering that he could no more go to sleep than go to Heaven, this was, perhaps, the wisest resolution in his power.

lay in - accumulare

state - Stato

chime - carillon

sudden - improvviso, improvvisa

warned - avvertire, avvisare

visitation - diritto di visita

tolled - suonare

awake - svegliarsi

considering - considerando

Heaven - cielo, paradiso

wisest - saggio

resolution - determinazione, risolutezza, promessa, definizione, risoluzione

The quarter was so long, that he was more than once convinced he must have sunk into a doze unconsciously, and missed the clock. At length it broke upon his listening ear.

sunk - affondato, (sink), affondare

doze - sonnecchiare

unconsciously - inconsciamente

"Ding, dong!"

"A quarter past," said Scrooge, counting.

"Ding, dong!"

"Half past," said Scrooge.

"Ding, dong!"

"A quarter to it," said Scrooge.

"Ding, dong!"

"The hour itself," said Scrooge triumphantly, "and nothing else!"

triumphantly - trionfalmente

He spoke before the hour bell sounded, which it now did with a deep, dull, hollow, melancholy One. Light flashed up in the room upon the instant, and the curtains of his bed were drawn.[34]

hollow - vuoto, cavo

flashed - lampo

curtains - tenda, tappezzeria, drappo, drappeggio

The curtains of his bed were drawn aside, I tell you, by a hand. Not the curtains at his feet, nor the curtains at his back, but those to which his face was addressed.

aside - a parte, in disparte

The curtains of his bed were drawn aside; and Scrooge, starting up into a half-recumbent attitude, found himself face to face with the unearthly visitor who drew them: as close to it as I am now to you, and I am standing in the spirit at your elbow.

recumbent - disteso, sdraiato, supino, bicicletta reclinata

unearthly - soprannaturale

elbow - gomito, raccordo, gomitata, sgomitare

It was a strange figure-like a child: yet not so like a child as like an old man, viewed through some supernatural medium, which gave him the appearance of having receded from the view, and being diminished to a child's proportions. Its hair, which hung about its neck and down its back, was white, as if with age; and yet the face had not a wrinkle in it, and the tenderest bloom was on the skin.

figure - figura, fisico, personaggio, cifra, forma, calcolare, risolvere

viewed - vista, veduta, visualizzazione, visione, opinione

medium - veicolo, mezzo, strumento, tramite

appearance - apparizione, comparsa, visione, apparenza, aspetto

receded - recedere

diminished - diminuire, ridurre

proportions - proporzione

neck - collo

wrinkle - ruga

tenderest - tenero

bloom - fiore

skin - pelle, interfaccia, scuoiare

The arms were very long and muscular; the hands the same, as if its hold were of uncommon strength. Its legs and feet, most delicately formed, were, like those upper members, bare. It wore a tunic of the purest white; and round its waist was bound a lustrous belt, the sheen of which was beautiful.

muscular - muscolare, muscoloso

hold - tenere

uncommon - raro

strength - forza, vigore, energia, intensita, efficacia

delicately - delicatamente

bare - nudo

tunic - tunica

purest - puro

lustrous - lucentezza

belt - cintura, cintola, cinghia, colpo, cinghiata, zona

sheen - lucentezza, splendore

It held a branch of fresh green holly in its hand: and, in singular contradiction of that wintry emblem, had its dress trimmed with summer flowers.

branch - ramo, filiale, succursale, branca, settore

fresh - fresco

singular - singolare

contradiction - contraddizione

emblem - emblema, raffigurazione, simbolo

trimmed - tagliare, accorciare, decorare, bordare, orientare

But the strangest thing about it was, that from the crown of its head there sprung a bright clear jet of light, by which all this was visible; and which was doubtless the occasion of its using, in its duller moments, a great extinguisher for a cap, which it now held under its arm.

Strangest - strano

clear - trasparente, limpido, pulito, chiaro, nitido

jet - giavazzo

visible - visibile

doubtless - senza dubbio

Occasion - occasione, occasionare

duller - spuntato, smussato, noioso, soporifero, tedioso

extinguisher - estintore

cap - berretto

Even this, though, when Scrooge looked at it with increasing steadiness, was not its strangest quality.

increasing - in aumento, (increase), aumentare, ingrossare, crescere

steadiness - stabilita

Strangest - strano, anormale

quality - qualita

For, as its belt sparkled and glittered, now in one part and now in another, and what was light one instant at another time was dark, so the figure itself fluctuated in its distinctness: being now a thing with one arm, now with one leg, now with twenty legs, now a pair of legs without a head, now a head without a body: of which dissolving parts no outline would be visible in the dense gloom wherein[35] they melted away. And, in the very wonder of this, it would be itself again; distinct and clear as ever.

glittered - glitter, brillantini

another time - un'altra volta

fluctuated - fluttuare

distinctness - distinzione

dissolving - dissolversi

outline - contorno, sagoma, descrizione, sunto, bozza, contornare

melted away - svanire

"Are you the Spirit, sir, whose coming was foretold to me?" asked Scrooge.

foretold - predire, prevedere

"I am!"

The voice was soft and gentle. Singularly low, as if, instead of being so close beside him, it were at a distance.

soft - morbido

gentle - gentile

singularly - singolarmente

"Who and what are you?" Scrooge demanded.

"I am the Ghost of Christmas Past."

"Long Past?" inquired Scrooge; observant of its dwarfish stature.

observant - osservante

dwarfish - nano

stature - statura

"No. Your past."

Perhaps Scrooge could not have told anybody why, if anybody could have asked him; but he had a special desire to see the Spirit in his cap; and begged him to be covered.

Anybody - qualcuno

begged - elemosinare, chiedere l'elemosina

covered - coperto, coperchio, copertura, nascondiglio, copertina, coperta

"What!" exclaimed the Ghost, "would you so soon put out, with worldly hands, the light I give? Is it not enough that you are one of those whose passions made this cap, and force me through whole trains of years to wear it low upon my brow?"

exclaimed - esclamare

passions - passione

force - forza

Scrooge reverently disclaimed all intention to offend or any knowledge of having wilfully "bonneted" the Spirit at any period of his life. He then made bold to inquire what business brought him there.

reverently - con riverenza

disclaimed - rinnegare, disconoscere

intention - intenzione, intento

offend - offendere

wilfully - intenzionalmente

bonneted - cuffia, cofano

inquire - domandare, chiedere

"Your welfare!" said the Ghost.

Scrooge expressed himself much obliged, but could not help thinking that a night of unbroken rest would have been more conducive to that end. The Spirit must have heard him thinking, for it said immediately:

expressed - esprimere

unbroken - ininterrotto

more conducive - piu favorevole

"Your reclamation, then. Take heed!"

reclamation - bonifica

heed - considerazione, riguardo, cura, ossequio, importare

It put out its strong hand as it spoke, and clasped him gently by the arm.

gently - soavemente, dolcemente, blandamente, delicatamente

"Rise! and walk with me!"

rise - aumentare, alzarsi, crescere

It would have been in vain for Scrooge to plead that the weather and the hour were not adapted to pedestrian purposes;[36] that bed was warm, and the thermometer a long way below freezing; that he was clad but lightly in his slippers, dressing-gown, and nightcap; and that he had a cold upon him at that time. The grasp, though gentle as a woman's hand, was not to be resisted.

in vain - invano

plead - dichiararsi (lcolpevole o lnoncolpevole)

adapted - adattare, adattarsi, adattato

pedestrian - pedonale, pedone

purposes - scopo

thermometer - termometro

freezing - talian: t-needed

clad - vestito, (clothe), vestire

lightly - alla leggera, superficialmente, in maniera superficiale

grasp - afferrare, avvinghiare, avvinghiarsi, agguantare

resisted - resistere

He rose: but, finding that the Spirit made towards the window, clasped its robe in supplication.

rose - Rosa

robe - veste, abito

supplication - supplica

"I am a mortal," Scrooge remonstrated, "and liable to fall."

mortal - mortale

remonstrated - rimostrare

liable - responsabile, punibile, passibile

"Bear but a touch of my hand there," said the Spirit, laying it upon his heart, "and you shall be upheld in more than this!"

laying - posa

upheld - talian: difendere ('a right'), sostenere ('a principle')

As the words were spoken, they passed through the wall, and stood upon an open country road, with fields on either hand. The city had entirely vanished. Not a vestige of it was to be seen. The darkness and the mist had vanished with it, for it was a clear, cold, winter day, with the snow upon the ground.

passed through - passare

country road - strada di campagna

fields - campo, ambito

either - ciascuno, entrambi, ogni, neanche, nemmeno

entirely - completamente

vanished - sparire, svanire

vestige - traccia, segno, strascico, impronta

"Good Heaven!" said Scrooge, clasping his hands together as he looked about him. "I was bred in this place. I was a boy here!"

clasping - stringere, (clasp), fibbia, gancio, fermaglio

bred - allevato, (breed), allevare, riprodursi, razza

The Spirit gazed upon him mildly. Its gentle touch, though it had been light and instantaneous, appeared still present to the old man's sense of feeling. He was conscious of a thousand odours floating in the air, each one connected with a thousand thoughts, and hopes, and joys, and cares long, long forgotten!

gazed - fissare, guardare, puntare gli occhi, volgere lo sguardo

mildly - in modo lieve

instantaneous - istantaneo

sense - senso, coscienza, sensazione, significato, tocco

odours - odore

floating - fluttuante, (float), galleggiare, appianatoia, frattazzo

connected - connettere, connettersi, cablare, collegare

joys - Gioia

"Your lip is trembling," said the Ghost. "And what is that upon your cheek?"

lip - labbro, beccuccio

Scrooge muttered, with an unusual catching in his voice, that it was a pimple; and begged the Ghost to lead him where he would.

unusual - insolito, particolare, inusuale

catching - catturare, (catch), presa, conquista, fermaglio

pimple - pustola, pustoletta, brufolo, foruncolo

lead - piombo

"You recollect the way?" inquired the Spirit.

recollect - ricordarsi

"Remember it!" cried Scrooge with fervour; "I could walk it blindfold."

fervour - fervore

blindfold - benda, bendaggio, bendatura, bendare gli occhi

"Strange to have forgotten it for so many years!" observed the Ghost. "Let us go on."

"You recollect the way?" inquired the spirit. "Remember it!" cried Scrooge

with fervour; "I could walk it blindfold." "You recollect the way?" inquired the spirit. "Remember it!" cried Scrooge with fervour; "I could walk it blindfold."

They walked along the road, Scrooge recognising every [37]gate, and post, and tree, until a little market-town appeared in the distance, with its bridge, its church, and winding river. Some shaggy ponies now were seen trotting towards them with boys upon their backs, who called to other boys in country gigs and carts, driven by farmers.

recognising - riconoscere

Bridge - ponte

winding - avvolgimento

shaggy - ispido, irsuto, villoso, peloso

ponies - pony

trotting - trottare

gigs - esibizione

carts - carretto

farmers - agricoltore, fattore, contadino, contadina

All these boys were in great spirits, and shouted to each other, until the broad fields were so full of merry music, that the crisp air laughed to hear it.

shouted - grido

broad - largo

crisp - croccante

"These are but shadows of the things that have been," said the Ghost. "They have no consciousness of us."

shadows - ombra, pedinare

consciousness - conoscenza, coscienza

The jocund travellers came on; and as they came, Scrooge knew and named them every one. Why was he rejoiced beyond all bounds to see them? Why did his cold eye glisten, and his heart leap up as they went past? Why was he filled with gladness when he heard them give each other Merry Christmas, as they parted at cross-roads and by-ways for their several homes? What was merry Christmas to Scrooge?

jocund - giocondo

travellers - viaggiatore, viaggiatrice, viandante, girovago

rejoiced - gioire, esultare

bounds - vincolato

glisten - luccicante

leap - saltare

gladness - gioia

Out upon merry Christmas! What good had it ever done to him?

"The school is not quite deserted," said the Ghost. "A solitary child, neglected by his friends, is left there still."

deserted - abbandonare

neglected - mancare, negligere, omettere, ignorare, tralasciare, negligenza

Scrooge said he knew it. And he sobbed.

sobbed - singhiozzare

They left the high-road by a well-remembered lane, and soon approached a mansion of dull red brick, with a little weather-cock surmounted cupola on the roof and a bell hanging in it. It was a large house, but one of broken fortunes: for the spacious offices were little used, their walls were damp and mossy, their windows broken, and their gates decayed.

approached - avvicinarsi

brick - mattone, laterizio, tegola

cock - gallo, maschio di animali

surmounted - sormontare, superare

cupola - cupola

roof - tetto

hanging - appeso

fortunes - sorte, destino, fortuna, dote

spacious - spazioso

damp - umido, bagnato, madido, umidita, grisu, smorzare, soffocare

mossy - muschiato

gates - cancello, portone

decayed - imputridire

Fowls clucked and strutted in the stables; and the coach-houses and sheds were overrun with grass. Nor was it more retentive of its ancient state within; for, entering the dreary hall, and glancing through the open doors of many rooms, they found them poorly furnished, cold, and vast.

fowls - volatile

clucked - chioccio

strutted - pavoneggiarsi

stables - stabile

sheds - capannone, rimessa

overrun - invadere, infestare

grass - erba, tgraminacea, prato, spia, delatore, pentito

retentive - ritentivo

state - stato, dichiarare, statuire, esporre, indicare

entering - entrare, (enter), immettere, digitare

glancing - radente, (glance), dare un'occhiata, sbirciare, occhieggiare

poorly - in modo inadeguato

furnished - fornire

There was an earthly savour in the air, a chilly bareness in the place, which associated itself somehow with too much getting up by candle-light, and not too much to eat.

earthly - terrestre

savour - assaporare

chilly - freddo

bareness - nudita

associated - associare

somehow - in qualche modo

getting up - alzarsi

They went, the Ghost and Scrooge, across the hall, to a door[38] at the back of the house. It opened before them, and disclosed a long, bare, melancholy room, made barer still by lines of plain deal forms and desks. At one of these a lonely boy was reading near a feeble fire; and Scrooge sat down upon a form, and wept to see his poor forgotten self as he had used to be.

at the back of the house - sul retro della casa

disclosed - scoprire, divulgare, rivelare, svelare, scoperchiare, far noto

barer - nudo

plain - semplice

deal - accordo

lonely - solo, solitario, malinconico, desolato, isolato

feeble - debole, fiacco, flebile, fievole

wept - piangere

Not a latent echo in the house, not a squeak and scuffle from the mice behind the panelling, not a drip from the half-thawed water-spout in the dull yard behind, not a sigh among the leafless boughs of one despondent poplar, not the idle swinging of an empty storehouse door, no, not a clicking in the fire, but fell upon the heart of Scrooge with softening influence, and gave a freer passage to his tears.

latent - latente

Echo - eco

squeak - squittio, squittire

scuffle - rissa

panelling - pannellatura, (panel), pannello, sportello, anta, organo

drip - gocciolare

thawed - fondere

spout - beccuccio, getto, sgorgare, zampillare

sigh - sospirare

leafless - afillo

boughs - ramo

despondent - abbattuto, scoraggiato

poplar - pioppo

swinging - oscillare, (swing), ondeggiare, altalenare

empty - vuoto, vuotare, svuotare

storehouse - magazzino

clicking - cliccando

softening - ammorbidimento, (soften), ammorbidire, addolcire

passage - passaggio

Tears - lacrima

The Spirit touched him on the arm, and pointed to his younger self, intent upon his reading. Suddenly a man in foreign garments: wonderfully real and distinct to look at: stood outside the window, with an axe stuck in his belt, and leading by the bridle an ass laden with wood.

touched - toccare, commuovere, tocco, tatto

foreign - estraneo, estranea, straniero, straniera

garments - vestito, indumento, capo, abito

wonderfully - meravigliosamente

distinct - chiaro, distinto, diverso

axe - ascia

stuck - mettere, infilare

leading - che conduce

bridle - briglia, imbrigliare

ass - asino

laden - carico

wood - legno

"Why, it's Ali Baba!" Scrooge exclaimed in ecstasy. "It's dear old honest Ali Baba! Yes, yes, I know. One Christmas-time when yonder solitary child was left here all alone, he did come, for the first time, just like that. Poor boy! And Valentine," said Scrooge, "and his wild brother, Orson; there they go!

Baba - baba

ecstasy - estasi, ecstasy

honest - onesto

yonder - laggiu

all alone - tutto solo

Valentine - valentina

wild - selvaggio, selvatico

And what's his name, who was put down in his drawers, asleep, at the gate of Damascus; don't you see him? And the Sultan's Groom turned upside down by the Genii: there he is upon his head! Serve him right! I'm glad of it. What business had he to be married to the Princess?"

drawers - cassetto

Gate - cancello, portone

Damascus - Damasco

sultan - sultano

groom - stalliere

upside - in alto

genii - genio

serve - servizio, servire, essere in forza, operare, lavorare per

princess - principessa

To hear Scrooge expending all the earnestness of his nature on such subjects, in a most extraordinary voice between laughing and crying; and to see his heightened and excited face; would have been a surprise to his business friends in the City, indeed.

expending - spendere

earnestness - serieta

extraordinary - straordinario, straordinaria, eccezionale, fantastico

crying - piangere, (cry), gridare, urlare, pianto, urlo, verso

heightened - aumentare

"Why, it's Ali Baba!" Scrooge exclaimed in ecstasy. "It's dear old honest Ali Baba." "Why, it's Ali Baba!" Scrooge exclaimed in ecstasy. "It's dear old honest Ali Baba."

"There's the Parrot!" cried Scrooge. "Green body and [39]yellow tail, with a thing like a lettuce growing out of the top of his head; there he is! Poor Robin Crusoe he called him, when he came home again after sailing round the island. 'Poor Robin Crusoe, where have you been, Robin Crusoe?'The man thought he was dreaming, but he wasn't. It was the Parrot, you know.

parrot - pappagallo, ripetere (qualcosa) a pappagallo, checkripetere (qualcosa) in modo pappagallesco

lettuce - lattuga, checkinsalata

top - cima, sommita, coperchio, cappuccio, parte superiore, top

robin - pettirosso

sailing round - navigare in tondo

dreaming - sognare, (dream), sogno

wasn - era

There goes Friday, running for his life to the little creek! Halloa! Hoop! Halloo!"

Creek - calanca, piccola insenatura, ruscello, rivo, fiumicello

Hoop - cerchio

Then, with a rapidity of transition very foreign to his usual character, he said, in pity for his former self, "Poor boy!" and cried again.

rapidity - rapidita

transition - transizione, passaggio, passare

character - personaggio, carattere, caratteristica

pity - pieta, peccato, compatire

former - precedente, passato

"I wish," Scrooge muttered, putting his hand in his pocket, and looking about him, after drying his eyes with his cuff: "but it's too late now."

drying - asciugatura, (dry), secco, asciutto, asciugarsi, trinsecchire

cuff - polsino

"What is the matter?" asked the Spirit.

matter - materia, problema, argomento, questione, faccenda, causa

"Nothing," said Scrooge. "Nothing. There was a boy singing a Christmas Carol at my door last night. I should like to have given him something: that's all."

The Ghost smiled thoughtfully, and waved its hand: saying, as it did so, "Let us see another Christmas!"

thoughtfully - con attenzione

waved - onda

Scrooge's former self grew larger at the words, and the room became a little darker and more dirty. The panels shrunk, the windows cracked; fragments of plaster fell out of the ceiling, and the naked laths were shown instead; but how all this was brought about Scrooge knew no more than you do.

panels - pannello, sportello, anta, organo, giuria, vignetta

shrunk - restringersi, ritirarsi, strizzacervelli, psichiatra

cracked - rompersi, incrinarsi

plaster - gesso, unguento, intonaco, calco

fell out - cadere

ceiling - soffitto

naked - nudo

laths - listello

brought about - causare

He only knew that it was quite correct: that everything had happened so; that there he was, alone again, when all the other boys had gone home for the jolly holidays.

jolly - allegro

He was not reading now, but walking up and down despairingly. Scrooge looked at the Ghost, and, with a mournful shaking of his head, glanced anxiously towards the door.

despairingly - disperatamente

shaking - scuotere, (shake), agitare, scuotere la testa

anxiously - ansiosamente

It opened; and a little girl, much younger than the boy, came darting in, and, putting her arms about his neck, and often kissing him, addressed him as her "dear, dear brother."

darting - dardo

kissing - baciare

"I have come to bring you home, dear brother!" said the[40] child, clapping her tiny hands, and bending down to laugh. "To bring you home, home, home!"

clapping - applausi

tiny - minuscolo, piccolo, piccino, minuto

bending down - piegarsi

"Home, little Fan?" returned the boy.

fan - ventaglio

"Yes!" said the child, brimful of glee. "Home for good and all. Home for ever and ever. Father is so much kinder than he used to be, that home's like Heaven! He spoke so gently to me one dear night when I was going to bed, that I was not afraid to ask him once more if you might come home; and he said Yes, you should; and sent me in a coach to bring you. And you're to be a man!

brimful - pieno

glee - gioia

" said the child, opening her eyes; "and are never to come back here; but first we're to be together all the Christmas long, and have the merriest time in all the world."

be together - stare insieme

merriest - felice, allegro

"You are quite a woman, little Fan!" exclaimed the boy.

She clapped her hands and laughed, and tried to touch his head; but, being too little, laughed again, and stood on tiptoe to embrace him. Then she began to drag him, in her childish eagerness, towards the door; and he, nothing loath to go, accompanied her.

clapped - battere le mani, applaudire

on tiptoe - in punta di piedi

Embrace - abbracciare, aderire, inglobare, abbraccio

drag - trascinare, tirare

childish - infantile, bambinesco, puerile

eagerness - desiderio

loath - detestare

accompanied - accompagnare

A terrible voice in the hall cried, "bring down Master Scrooge's box, there!" and in the hall appeared the schoolmaster himself, who glared on Master Scrooge with a ferocious condescension, and threw him into a dreadful state of mind by shaking hands with him.

bring down - abbattere

schoolmaster - preside

glared - bagliore, lampo, frecciata

condescension - condiscendenza

He then conveyed him and his sister into the veriest old well of a shivering best parlour that ever was seen, where the maps upon the wall, and the celestial and terrestrial globes in the windows, were waxy with cold.

shivering - rabbrividire

parlour - salotto

celestial - celeste

terrestrial - terrestre, terragnolo, terricolo

globes - globo

waxy - ceroso

Here he produced a decanter of curiously light wine, and a block of curiously heavy cake, and administered instalments of those dainties to the young people: at the same time sending out a meagre servant to offer a glass of "something" to the postboy who answered that he thanked the gentleman, but, if it was the same tap as he had tasted before, he had rather not.

produced - produrre, realizzare, fornire, prodotto, prodotti

decanter - boccione, decantatore, damigiana

block - blocco

administered - amministrare

instalments - rata

dainties - grazioso

meagre - misero

servant - servo, servitore, domestico, famiglio

postboy - postino

tap - colpetto

tasted - gusto, sapore, inclinazione, gustare, assaggiare

Master Scrooge's trunk being by this time tied on to the top of the chaise,[41] the children bade the schoolmaster good-bye right willingly; and, getting into it, drove gaily down the garden sweep; the quick wheels dashing the hoar frost and snow from off the dark leaves of the evergreens like spray.

trunk - tronco, baule, cofano, proboscide, bagagliaio

tied - legare, attaccare

Good-bye - (Good-bye) arrivederci

willingly - volentieri, con piacere, di buongrado, di buon grado

sweep - spazzare, scopare, ramazzare, setacciare, spazzata

wheels - ruota, timone, ruota del timone, pezzo grosso, cerchio

dashing - lineetta, linea, scatto, spruzzo, pizzico, goccio, saltare

hoar - zappare

evergreens - sempreverde

spray - spray, spruzzo, (getto vaporizzato)

"Always a delicate creature, whom a breath might have withered," said the Ghost. "But she had a large heart!"

delicate - delicato (1, 2)

creature - creatura

withered - seccarsi, far appassire

"So she had," cried Scrooge. "You're right. I will not gainsay it, Spirit. God forbid!"

You're right - Hai ragione

gainsay - contraddire

forbid - proibire, vietare, negare, smentire

"She died a woman," said the Ghost, "and had, as I think, children."

"One child," Scrooge returned.

"True," said the Ghost. "Your nephew!"

Scrooge seemed uneasy in his mind; and answered briefly, "Yes."

uneasy - ansioso, agitato

briefly - concisamente, brevemente

Although they had but that moment left the school behind them, they were now in the busy thoroughfares of a city, where shadowy passengers passed and repassed; where shadowy carts and coaches battled for the way, and all the strife and tumult of a real city were.

thoroughfares - talian: t-needed

repassed - ripassare

coaches - carrozza, vettura, diligenza, cocchio, carrozza ferroviaria

battled - battaglia

strife - disputa, tenzone

tumult - tumulto

It was made plain enough, by the dressing of the shops, that here, too, it was Christmas-time again; but it was evening, and the streets were lighted up.

lighted up - illuminato

The Ghost stopped at a certain warehouse door, and asked Scrooge if he knew it.

Certain - certo, sicuro, tale, determinato

"Know it!" said Scrooge. "Was I apprenticed here?"

apprenticed - apprendista, bardotto

They went in. at sight of an old gentleman in a Welsh wig, sitting behind such a high desk, that if he had been two inches taller, he must have knocked his head against the ceiling, Scrooge cried in great excitement:

at sight - a vista

Welsh - gallese

wig - parrucca

high desk - scrivania alta

inches - pollice

knocked - colpo, botta, botto, autocombustione, bussare

excitement - eccitamento, orgasmo, fregola

"Why, it's old Fezziwig! Bless his heart, it's Fezziwig alive again!"

alive - vivo, attivo, animato

Old Fezziwig laid down his pen, and looked up at the clock, which pointed to the hour of seven. He rubbed his hands; adjusted his capacious waistcoat; laughed all over himself,[42] from his shoes to his organ of benevolence; and called out, in a comfortable, oily, rich, fat, jovial voice:

laid down - sdraiarsi

rubbed - strofinamento, strofinare, fregare

adjusted - adattare, adeguare, regolare

capacious - capace

organ - organo

comfortable - comodo, confortevole

oily - oleoso

jovial - gioviale

"Yo ho, there! Ebenezer! Dick!"

Scrooge's former self, now grown a young man, came briskly in, accompanied by his fellow-'prentice.

briskly - alacremente

"Dick Wilkins, to be sure!" said Scrooge to the Ghost. "Bless me, yes. There he is. He was very much attached to me, was Dick. Poor Dick! Dear, dear!"

attached - addetto

"Yo ho, my boys!" said Fezziwig. "No more work to-night. Christmas-eve, Dick. Christmas, Ebenezer! Let's have the shutters up," cried old Fezziwig with a sharp clap of his hands, "before a man can say Jack Robinson!"

shutters - anta, battente, persiana, scuro, otturatore

clap - battere le mani, applaudire

Jack - Gianni, Giacomo, Giacobbe, Jacopo, Iago

You wouldn't believe how those two fellows went at it! They charged into the street with the shutters-one, two, three-had 'em up in their places-four, five, six-barred 'em and pinned 'em-seven, eight, nine-and came back before you could have got to twelve, panting like race-horses.

fellows - uomo, tipo

charged - costo, prezzo, carico, accusa, imputazione, carica, incarico

barred - barra

pinned - spillo, spilla, molletta

panting - ansimare

"Hilli-ho!" cried old Fezziwig, skipping down from the high desk with wonderful agility. "clear away, my lads, and let's have lots of room here! Hilli-ho, Dick! Chirrup, Ebenezer!"

skipping - saltare, saltellare

agility - agilita

clear away - sgomberare

lads - ragazzo, ragazzino

Chirrup - to make a series of chirps

Clear away! There was nothing they wouldn't have cleared away, or couldn't have cleared away, with old Fezziwig looking on. It was done in a minute.

cleared away - pulito

Every movable was packed off, as if it were dismissed from public life for evermore; the floor was swept and watered, the lamps were trimmed, fuel was heaped upon the fire; and the warehouse was as snug, and warm, and dry, and bright a ball-room as you would desire to see upon a winter's night.

movable - mobile

packed - fagotto, sacca

dismissed - licenziare, congedare, mandare via, dimettere, rompere le righe

public - pubblico

evermore - sempre piu

swept - spazzare, scopare, ramazzare, setacciare, spazzata

heaped - folla, massa, moltitudine, pila, cumulo

snug - confortevole

dry - secco, asciutto, asciugarsi, trinsecchire, tessiccare

In came a fiddler with a music-book, and went up to the lofty desk, and made an orchestra of it, and tuned like fifty stomachaches. In came Mrs. Fezziwig, one vast substantial smile. In came the three Miss Fezziwigs, beaming and lovable. In came the six young followers whose hearts they broke. In came all the young men and women employed in the business.

fiddler - violinista

lofty - maestoso, alto, nobile

orchestra - orchestra

tuned - melodia, composizione, regolazione, messa a punto, accordare

stomachaches - mal di pancia

Mrs - Signor

substantial - sostanziale, consistente, sostanzioso, forte, considerevole

smile - sorriso, sorridere

beaming - raggiante, (beam), trave, asse, architrave, traversa, braccio

lovable - adorabile, amabile

followers - follower

employed - impiegare, ingaggiare

[43] In came the housemaid, with her cousin the baker. In came the cook, with her brother's particular friend the milkman. In came the boy from over the way, who was suspected of not having board enough from his master; trying to hide himself behind the girl from next door but one, who was proved to have had her ears pulled by her mistress.

housemaid - domestica

Baker - panettiere, panettiera, fornaio, fornaia

milkman - lattaio

over the way - dall'altra parte della strada

suspected - sospettare

board - asse

hide - nascondere, nascondersi

proved - provare, dimostrare

pulled - tirare

Mistress - signora, padrona, maestra, amante, dominatrice

In they all came, one after another; some shyly, some boldly, some gracefully, some awkwardly, some pushing, some pulling; in they all came, any how and every how.

shyly - timidamente

boldly - arditamente, coraggiosamente, valentemente, audacemente

gracefully - graziosamente

awkwardly - in modo imbarazzante

pushing - spingere

pulling - tirare, (pull)

Away they all went, twenty couple at once; hands half round and back again the other way; down the middle and up again; round and round in various stages of affectionate grouping; old top couple always turning up in the wrong place; new top couple starting off again as soon as they got there; all top couples at last, and not a bottom one to help them!

various - vario

stages - fase, stadio, tappa, scena, palco

affectionate - affettuoso

turning up - aumentare, alzare, presentarsi

couples - coppia, paio, agganciare, accoppiare

bottom - fondo, parte inferiore, sedere, passivo

When this result was brought about, old Fezziwig, clapping his hands to stop the dance, cried out, "Well done!" and the fiddler plunged his hot face into a pot of porter, especially provided for that purpose.

plunged - tuffarsi

pot - pentola, vaso

porter - facchino

especially - specialmente, soprattutto, specie, appositamente

provided - soddisfare, prevedere, supporre, provvedere, fornire, erogare

But, scorning rest upon his reappearance, he instantly began again, though there were no dancers yet, as if the other fiddler had been carried home, exhausted, on a shutter, and he were a bran-new man resolved to beat him out of sight, or perish.

scorning - disprezzo, (scorn), disprezzare, disdegnare

reappearance - riapparizione

exhausted - esaurire

shutter - anta, battente, persiana, scuro, otturatore

bran - crusca, semola

beat - battere

perish - perire

There were more dances, and there were forfeits, and more dances, and there was cake, and there was negus, and there was a great piece of Cold Roast, and there was a great piece of Cold Boiled, and there were mince-pies, and plenty of beer. But the great effect of the evening came after the Roast and Boiled, when the fiddler (an artful dog, mind!

forfeits - multa, pegno

roast - arrostire, arrosto, arrosti, al forno

mince - macinato, tritare, macinare, moderare

pies - torta

effect - effetto, effettuare

artful - abile, astuto

The sort of man who knew his business better than you or I could have told it him!) struck up "Sir Roger de Coverley." Then old Fezziwig stood out to dance with Mrs. Fezziwig. Top couple, too; with a good stiff piece of work cut out for them; three or four and twenty pair of partners; people who were not to be trifled with; people who would dance, and had no notion of walking.[44]

Roger - Ruggero

de - ordine del giorno

couple - coppia, paio, agganciare, accoppiare

stiff - rigido, inflessibile, duro, severo

trifled - zuppa inglese, un tantino, un po', bagattella, briciola

notion - nozione, concetto, opinione, inclinazione, intenzione

But if they had been twice as many-ah! four times-old Fezziwig would have been a match for them, and so would Mrs. Fezziwig. As to her, she was worthy to be his partner in every sense of the term. If that's not high praise, tell me higher, and I'll use it. A positive light appeared to issue from Fezziwig's calves. They shone in every part of the dance like moons.

match - fiammifero

worthy - degno

term - periodo, durata, mandato

Praise - elogio, lode, complimento, adorazione, gloria

issue from - problema da

calves - figliare, partorire

shone - brillare, far luce con

moons - Luna

You couldn't have predicted, at any given time, what would become of them next. And when old Fezziwig and Mrs. Fezziwig had gone all through the dance; advance and retire, both hands to your partner, bow and curtsy, cork-screw, thread-the-needle, and back again to your place; Fezziwig "cut"-cut so deftly, that he appeared to wink with his legs, and came upon his feet again without a stagger.

advance - avanzare, progredire, anticipare, migliorare, avvicinarsi

bow - inchinarsi, chinare il capo

curtsy - inchino, riverenza

cork - sughero, di sughero

screw - vite, elica, scopata, chiavare, fottere, scopare, trombare

thread - filo, refe, filo conduttore, forum

needle - ago, lancetta, puntina, punzonare, punzecchiare

deftly - abilmente

wink - (strizzare l'occhio)

stagger - barcollare, (stag), cervo, bue

When the clock struck eleven, this domestic ball broke up. Mr. and Mrs. Fezziwig took their stations, one on either side the door, and, shaking hands with every person individually as he or she went out, wished him or her a Merry Christmas.

domestic - domestico

side - lato

individually - individualmente

wished - desiderio, voglia, volere, desiderare, augurare

When everybody had retired but the two 'prentices, they did the same to them; and thus the cheerful voices died away, and the lads were left to their beds; which were under a counter in the back-shop.

retired - (andare in pensione)

counter - contatore

During the whole of this time Scrooge had acted like a man out of his wits. His heart and soul were in the scene, and with his former self. He corroborated everything, remembered everything, enjoyed everything, and underwent the strangest agitation.

acted - atto, legge, numero, scena, messinscena, agire, recitare, fare

wits - spirito

soul - anima, spirito

scene - scena

corroborated - confermare

underwent - soffrire, sottoporsi

agitation - agitazione

It was not until now, when the bright faces of his former self and Dick were turned from them, that he remembered the Ghost, and became conscious that it was looking full upon him, while the light upon its head burnt very clear.

burnt - bruciato, arso

"A small matter," said the Ghost, "to make these silly folks so full of gratitude."

silly - sciocco

folks - gente, autoctono, popolo, abitante

gratitude - gratitudine, riconoscenza

"Small!" echoed Scrooge.

echoed - eco

The Spirit signed to him to listen to the two apprentices,[45] who were pouring out their hearts in praise of Fezziwig; and, when he had done so, said:

apprentices - apprendista, bardotto

pouring out - versare

"Why! Is it not? He has spent but a few pounds of your mortal money: three or four, perhaps. Is that so much that he deserves this praise?"

deserves - meritare, meritarsi

"It isn't that," said Scrooge, heated by the remark, and speaking unconsciously like his former, not his latter self. "It isn't that, Spirit. He has the power to render us happy or unhappy; to make our service light or burdensome; a pleasure or a toil. Say that his power lies in words and looks; in things so slight and insignificant that it is impossible to add and count 'em up: what then?

remark - osservazione, commento

render - rendere

unhappy - triste, rattristato, mogio, abbacchiato

service - servizio, di servizio

burdensome - gravoso, oneroso, ostico

toil - lavoro, fatica, disputa, tenzone, litigio

lies - bugia

insignificant - insignificante, irrilevante, nullo

The happiness he gives is quite as great as if it cost a fortune."

cost a fortune - costare una fortuna

He felt the Spirit's glance, and stopped.

"What is the matter?" asked the Ghost.

"Nothing particular," said Scrooge.

"Something, I think?" the Ghost insisted.

insisted - insistere

"No," said Scrooge, "no. I should like to be able to say a word or two to my clerk just now. That's all."

His former self turned down the lamps as he gave utterance to the wish; and Scrooge and the Ghost again stood side by side in the open air.

utterance - pronunciamento

open air - all'aria aperta

"My time grows short," observed the Spirit. "Quick!"

This was not addressed to Scrooge, or to any one whom he could see, but it produced an immediate effect. For again Scrooge saw himself. He was older now; a man in the prime of life. His face had not the harsh and rigid lines of later years; but it had begun to wear the signs of care and avarice.

immediate - immediato, prossimo, stretto, diretto

prime - primo, primario

harsh - grossolano, ruvido, rude, aspro (taste), accidentato

rigid - rigido

signs - segno

avarice - avarizia, cupidigia, avidita

There was an eager, greedy, restless motion in the eye, which showed the passion that had taken root, and where the shadow of the growing tree would fall.

eager - desideroso

greedy - ingordo, avido, goloso

motion - movimento, mozione, mozioni

passion - passione

root - radice

He was not alone, but sat by the side of a fair young girl in a mourning dress: in whose eyes there were tears, which sparkled in the light that shone out of the Ghost of Christmas Past.[46]

mourning - dolore, dispiacere, lutto

"It matters little," she said softly. "To you, very little. Another idol has displaced me; and, if it can cheer and comfort you in time to come as I would have tried to do, I have no just cause to grieve."

It matters - E importante

idol - idolo, idol

displaced - rimpiazzare, sostituire

grieve - affliggersi, rattristarsi

"What Idol has displaced you?" he rejoined.

rejoined - ricongiungersi

"A golden one."

Golden - Dorato

"This is the even-handed dealing of the world!" he said. "There is nothing on which it is so hard as poverty; and there is nothing it professes to condemn with such severity as the pursuit of wealth!"

dealing - spacciare

poverty - poverta

professes - professare, dichiarare

condemn - condannare

severity - severita, gravita, serieta

pursuit - ricerca, perseguimento, caccia, passatempo

wealth - ricchezza, patrimonio, abbondanza

"You fear the world too much," she answered gently. "All your other hopes have merged into the hope of being beyond the chance of its sordid reproach. I have seen your nobler aspirations fall off one by one, until the master passion, Gain, engrosses you. Have I not?"

merged - fondersi, unirsi, mergere

sordid - sordido

reproach - rimbrotto, rimprovero, appunto, richiamo

nobler - nobile, aristocratico, splendido

aspirations - aspirazione

fall off - cadere

gain - acquistare, conseguire

engrosses - incettare, accaparrare, captare, ingrassare

"What then?" he retorted. "Even if I have grown so much wiser, what then? I am not changed towards you."

retorted - replicare, ribattere

wiser - saggezza

She shook her head.

"Am I?"

"Our contract is an old one. It was made when we were both poor, and content to be so, until, in good season, we could improve our worldly fortune by our patient industry. You are changed. When it was made you were another man."

contract - contrarre

content - contento, soddisfatto

in good season - in buona stagione

Fortune - sorte, destino, fortuna, dote

patient - paziente

industry - industria

"I was a boy," he said impatiently.

impatiently - con impazienza

"Your own feeling tells you that you were not what you are," she returned. "I am. That which promised happiness when we were one in heart is fraught with misery now that we are two. How often and how keenly I have thought of this I will not say. It is enough that I have thought of it, and can release you."

fraught - irascibile

release - liberare, rilasciare

"Have I ever sought release?"

"In words. No. Never."

"In what, then?"

"In a changed nature; in an altered spirit; in another atmosphere of life; another Hope as its great end. In everything[47] that made my love of any worth or value in your sight. If this had never been between us," said the girl, looking mildly, but with steadiness, upon him, "tell me, would you seek me out and try to win me now? Ah, no!"

altered - modificare, cambiare

worth - valore

value - valore, valutare, stimare, apprezzare, valorizzare

seek - cercare, ricercare

He seemed to yield to the justice of this supposition in spite of himself. But he said, with a struggle, "You think not."

yield - cedere

justice - giustizia

supposition - supposizione, presupposto

Struggle - lotta, lottare

"I would gladly think otherwise if I could," she answered. "Heaven knows! When I have learned a Truth like this, I know how strong and irresistible it must be.

gladly - volentieri

irresistible - irresistibile

But if you were free to-day, to-morrow, yesterday, can even I believe that you would choose a dowerless girl-you who, in your very confidence with her, weigh everything by Gain: or, choosing her, if for a moment you were false enough to your one guiding principle to do so, do I not know that your repentance and regret would surely follow? I do; and I release you.

dowerless - senza poteri

confidence - fiducia, autostima, certezza, sicurezza di sé, confidenza

weigh - pesare

guiding principle - principio guida

repentance - pentimento, rimorso

With a full heart, for the love of him you once were."

He was about to speak; but, with her head turned from him, she resumed.

"You may-the memory of what is past half makes me hope you will-have pain in this. A very, very brief time, and you will dismiss the recollection of it gladly, as an unprofitable dream, from which it happened well that you awoke. May you be happy in the life you have chosen!"

memory - memoria, ricordo

pain - dolore

brief - breve

dismiss - licenziare

unprofitable - non redditizio

She left him, and they parted.

"Spirit!" said Scrooge, "show me no more! Conduct me home. Why do you delight to torture me?"

delight - delizia, piacere, deliziare

"One shadow more!" exclaimed the Ghost.

"No more!" cried Scrooge. "No more! I don't wish to see it. Show me no more!"

But the relentless Ghost pinioned him in both his arms, and forced him to observe what happened next.

relentless - implacabile, tenace

pinioned - pignone

forced - forza

observe - osservare

They were in another scene and place; a room, not very large or handsome, but full of comfort. Near to the winter fire sat a beautiful young girl, so like that last that Scrooge[48] believed it was the same, until he saw her, now a comely matron, sitting opposite her daughter.

comely - aggraziato

Matron - (direttrice dei servizi d'infermeria)

The noise in this room was perfectly tumultuous, for there were more children there than Scrooge in his agitated state of mind could count; and, unlike the celebrated herd in the poem, they were not forty children conducting themselves like one, but every child was conducting itself like forty.

tumultuous - confuso, caotico, tumultuoso, tumultuosa, tempestoso

unlike - diverso

celebrated - celebrare, festeggiare

herd - mandria, branco

poem - poema, poesia

conducting - conduzione, comportamento, condotta, condurre, comportarsi

themselves - essi stessi

The consequences were uproarious beyond belief; but no one seemed to care; on the contrary, the mother and daughter laughed heartily, and enjoyed it very much; and the latter, soon beginning to mingle in the sports, got pillaged by the young brigands most ruthlessly. What would I not have given to be one of them! Though I never could have been so rude, no, no!

consequences - conseguenza

uproarious - esilarante

beyond belief - da non credere

contrary - contrario, opposto

heartily - caldamente, sentitamente, giovialmente

mingle - mescolare, rimestare, rigirare, amalgamare, mescolarsi

pillaged - saccheggiare, bottino, saccheggio

brigands - bandito, brigante, malandrino, masnadiere

ruthlessly - crudelmente, sadicamente, senza pieta, spietatamente

rude - rude, maleducato, oscena, offensivo

I wouldn't for the wealth of all the world have crushed that braided hair, and torn it down; and, for the precious little shoe, I wouldn't have plucked it off, God bless my soul! to save my life. As to measuring her waist in sport, as they did, bold young brood, I couldn't have done it; I should have expected my arm to have grown round it for a punishment, and never come straight again.

crushed - ressa, calca, cotta, schiacciare, pigiare, frantumare

braided - intrecciare

torn - lacrima

precious - prezioso, adorato, unico

plucked - pizzicare, spennare, spennacchiare, spiumare, corata, coratella

measuring - misurare, (measure), misurazione, misura, righello, regolo

punishment - punizione, pena, castigo

And yet I should have dearly liked, I own, to have touched her lips; to have questioned her, that she might have opened them; to have looked upon the lashes of her downcast eyes, and never raised a blush; to have let loose waves of hair, an inch of which would be a keepsake beyond price: in short, I should have liked, I do confess, to have had the lightest licence of a child, and yet to have been man enough to know its value.

Dearly - Con affetto

lashes - ciglio

downcast - abbattuto

blush - rossore

loose - largo

waves - onda

inch - pollice

keepsake - ricordo, memoria, memento

confess - confessare

licence - licenza, permesso

But now a knocking at the door was heard, and such a rush immediately ensued that she, with laughing face and plundered dress, was borne towards it in the centre of a flushed and boisterous group, just in time to greet the father, who came home attended by a man laden with Christmas toys and presents. Then the shouting and the struggling, and the onslaught that was made on the defenceless porter!

knocking at - bussare a

rush - precipitarsi, portare d'urgenza

ensued - seguire, conseguire

plundered - saccheggiare, depredare, fare man bassa, razziare, rapinare

flushed - rossore

boisterous - esuberante, chiassoso, turbolento, tempestoso

greet - salutare

attended - assistere a, seguire

toys - giocattolo, balocco, giocare, trastullarsi, baloccarsi

shouting - gridare

struggling - in difficolta, (struggle), lotta, lottare

onslaught - assalto, invasione

defenceless - indifesa

The scaling him, with chairs for ladders, to dive into his pockets, despoil him of brown-[49]paper parcels, Hold on tight by his cravat, hug him round the neck, pummel his back, and kick his legs in irrepressible affection! The shouts of wonder and delight with which the development of every package was received!

scaling - scalare

ladders - scala, smagliatura

dive - tuffarsi

despoil - depredare

parcels - pacchetto, plico, lotto, parcella, impacchettare

Hold on tight - Tenere duro

hug - abbraccio, abbracciare, tenersi vicino

pummel - battere

kick - calciare, prendere a calci

irrepressible - insopprimibile

affection - affetto

shouts - grido

delight with - gustare, ottenere piacere con

development - sviluppo, potenziamento

package - pacco, pacchetto, impacchettamento

received - ricevere

The terrible announcement that the baby had been taken in the act of putting a doll's frying-pan into his mouth, and was more than suspected of having swallowed a fictitious turkey, glued on a wooden platter! The immense relief of finding this a false alarm! The joy, and gratitude, and ecstasy! They are all indescribable alike.

announcement - annuncio

been taken in - essere assunto in

doll - bambola

frying-pan - (frying-pan) padella

swallowed - inghiottire, ingoiare

fictitious - fittizio

turkey - tacchino, tacchina

glued on - incollato

wooden - di legno, ligneo

platter - piatto (ovale)

immense - immenso

alarm - allarme

joy - Gioia

indescribable - indescrivibile

alike - simile, similmente, ugualmente

It is enough that by degrees, the children and their emotions got out of the parlour, and, by one stair at a time, up to the top of the house, where they went to bed, and so subsided.

by degrees - gradualmente

emotions - emozione

stair - scalino, scala

subsided - sprofondare, abbassare, abbassarsi, scendere

And now Scrooge looked on more attentively than ever, when the master of the house, having his daughter leaning fondly on him, sat down with her and her mother at his own fireside; and when he thought that such another creature, quite as graceful and as full of promise, might have called him father, and been a spring-time in the haggard winter of his life, his sight grew very dim indeed.

attentively - attentamente

leaning - appoggiarsi

fondly - con affetto

fireside - fuoco

graceful - elegante, aggraziato, leggiadro, bello

promise - promessa, giuramento, voto, promettere, giurare

haggard - stanco, smunto

dim - fioco, incerto

"Belle," said the husband, turning to his wife with a smile, "I saw an old friend of yours this afternoon."

belle - beautiful woman

"Who was it?"


"How can I? Tut, don't I know?" she added in the same breath, laughing as he laughed. "Mr. Scrooge."

"Mr. Scrooge it was. I passed his office window; and as it was not shut up, and he had a candle inside, I could scarcely help seeing him. His partner lies upon the point of death, I hear; and there he sat alone. Quite alone in the world, I do believe."

inside - interno, dentro, dall'interno, checkriservato

"Spirit!" said Scrooge in a broken voice, "remove me from this place."

remove - rimuovere, asportare, levare, togliere

"I told you these were shadows of the things that have been," said the Ghost. "That they are what they are, do not blame me!"[50]

blame - incolpare

"Remove me!" Scrooge exclaimed. "I cannot bear it!"

He turned upon the Ghost, and seeing that it looked upon him with a face in which in some strange way there were fragments of all the faces it had shown him, wrestled with it.

wrestled - lottare

"Leave me! Take me back! Haunt me no longer!"

haunt - infestare, tormentare, ritrovo

In the struggle-if that can be called a struggle in which the Ghost, with no visible resistance on its own part, was undisturbed by any effort of its adversary-Scrooge observed that its light was burning high and bright; and dimly connecting that with its influence over him, he seized the extinguisher cap, and by a sudden action pressed it down upon its head.

resistance - resistenza

adversary - avversario, avversaria

burning - bruciare

dimly - in modo debole

connecting - connettere, connettersi, cablare, collegare

pressed - premere, pigiare

The Spirit dropped beneath it, so that the extinguisher covered its whole form; but, though Scrooge pressed it down with all his force, he could not hide the light, which streamed from under it in an unbroken flood upon the ground.

beneath - sotto

streamed - corrente, ruscello, rivo, flusso, semestre

under it - sotto di essa

flood - inondazione, alluvione

He was conscious of being exhausted, and overcome by an irresistible drowsiness; and, further, of being in his own bedroom. He gave the cap a parting squeeze, in which his hand relaxed; and had barely time to reel to bed before he sank into a heavy sleep.[51]

overcome - superare, sconfiggere

drowsiness - sonnolenza, sopore, letargia

further - ulteriore, ulteriormente

squeeze - spremere, stringere, serrare, strizzare, spremersi

barely - appena, malapena

reel - barcollare

sank - affondare


Awaking in the middle of a prodigiously tough snore, and sitting up in bed to get his thoughts together, Scrooge had no occasion to be told that the bell was again upon the stroke of One. He felt that he was restored to consciousness in the right nick of time, for the especial purpose of holding a conference with the second messenger dispatched to him through Jacob Marley's intervention.

awaking - risveglio

prodigiously - prodigiosamente

tough - duro, coriaceo, resistente, bullo, checkduro

snore - russare, ronfare

sitting up - sedersi

restored - ristabilire, restaurare, riportare, rimettere

in the right nick of time - nel momento giusto

especial - speciale

holding - possesso

conference - conferenza

messenger - messaggero, corriere

dispatched - spedire

intervention - intervento

But, finding that he turned uncomfortably cold when he began to wonder which of his curtains this new spectre would draw back, he put them every one aside with his own hands, and, lying down again, established a sharp look-out all round the bed. For he wished to challenge the Spirit on the moment of its appearance, and did not wish to be taken by surprise and made nervous.

uncomfortably - a disagio

lying - mentire

established - stabilire, confermare, instaurare, fondare, istituire

challenge - sfida, impresa, ricusazione

taken by surprise - prendere alla sprovvista

nervous - nervoso

Gentlemen of the free-and-easy sort, who plume themselves on being acquainted with a move or two, and being usually equal to the time of day, express the wide range of their capacity for adventure by observing that they are good for anything from pitch-and-toss to manslaughter; between which opposite extremes, no doubt, there lies a tolerably wide and comprehensive range of subjects.

free-and-easy - (free-and-easy) gratuito e facile

plume - piuma

acquainted - familiarizzarsi

Equal - uguale, pari, eguagliare

express - esprimere

range - catena, fornello, stufa a legna, piano cottura, varieta, gamma

capacity - tenuta, resistenza, capacita, capienza

adventure - avventura

pitch - piantare, fissare

toss - tiro, lancio, testa o croce, lancio moneta

Manslaughter - omicidio colposo

extremes - estremo, profondo

tolerably - in modo tollerabile

Without venturing for Scrooge quite as hardily as this, I don't mind calling on you to believe that he was ready for a good broad field of strange appearances, and that nothing between a baby and a rhinoceros would have astonished him very much.

venturing - avventurarsi, (venture), avventura, azzardo, impresa

hardily - duramente

I don't mind - Non mi dispiace

field - campo, ambito

appearances - apparizione, comparsa, visione, apparenza, aspetto

rhinoceros - rinoceronte

astonished - sorprendere, stupire

Now, being prepared for almost anything, he was not by any means prepared for nothing; and consequently, when the[52] bell struck One, and no shape appeared, he was taken with a violent fit of trembling. Five minutes, ten minutes, a quarter of an hour went by, yet nothing came.

consequently - di conseguenza

violent - violento

fit - in forma*

All this time he lay upon his bed, the very core and centre of a blaze of ruddy light, which streamed upon it when the clock proclaimed the hour; and which, being only light, was more alarming than a dozen ghosts, as he was powerless to make out what it meant, or would be at; and was sometimes apprehensive that he might be at that very moment an interesting case of spontaneous combustion, without having the consolation of knowing it. At last, however, he began to think-as you or I would have thought at first; for it is always the person not in the predicament who knows what ought to have been done in it, and would unquestionably have done it too-at last, I say, he began to think that the source and secret of this ghostly light might be in the adjoining room, from whence, on further tracing it, it seemed to shine. This idea taking full possession of his mind, he got up softly, and shuffled in his slippers to the door.

lay - posare

core - torsolo, nucleo

proclaimed - proclamare

more alarming - piu allarmante

powerless - impotente

apprehensive - apprensivo

spontaneous - spontaneo

combustion - combustione, combustione (1, 2, 3)

consolation - consolazione

predicament - situazione difficile

source - fonte, sorgente, informatore, source

adjoining room - camera adiacente

whence - onde, donde, da dove

tracing - tracciare

shine - brillare, far luce con

full possession - pieno possesso

shuffled - mescolare, mischiare, strascicare, trascinarsi

The moment Scrooge's hand was on the lock, a strange voice called him by his name, and bade him enter. He obeyed.

enter - entrare, immettere, digitare

obeyed - obbedire, ubbidire, assolvere, conformarsi

It was his own room. There was no doubt about that. But it had undergone a surprising transformation. The walls and ceiling were so hung with living green, that it looked a perfect grove; from every part of which bright gleaming berries glistened.

surprising - sorprendente, (surprise), sorpresa, stupire, sorprendere

transformation - trasformazione

grove - boschetto, piantagione

gleaming - scintillante

glistened - luccicante

The crisp leaves of holly, mistletoe, and ivy reflected back the light, as if so many little mirrors had been scattered there; and such a mighty blaze went roaring up the chimney as that dull petrifaction of a hearth had never known in Scrooge's time, or Marley's, or for many and many a winter season gone.

mistletoe - vischio

ivy - edera

reflected - riflettere, essere riflesso, seguire, evidenziare, riportare

mirrors - specchio, copia speculare

scattered - disperdere, disperdersi, sparpagliare, cospargere, deflettere

roaring - ruggente, (roar), ruggire, sganasciarsi dalle risate

chimney - camino, ciminiera, fumaiolo, bulbo

petrifaction - pietrificazione

hearth - focolare, letto della fornace, focolare domestico

heaped up on the floor, to form a kind of throne, were turkeys, geese, game, poultry, brawn, great joints of meat, sucking-pigs, long wreaths of sausages, mince-pies, plum-puddings, barrels of oysters, red-hot chestnuts, cherry-cheeked apples, juicy oranges, luscious pears, immense twelfth-cakes, and seething[53] bowls of punch, that made the chamber dim with their delicious steam.

heaped up - ammassare

throne - trono

turkeys - tacchino, tacchina

geese - oche

poultry - pollame

brawn - muscolo

joints - comune, congiunta, giunto, articolazione, diaclasi, canna

sucking - succhiare, (suck), succhiata, sorsata, suggere

wreaths - spirale, voluta, ghirlanda, corona

sausages - salsiccia, salame, salume, insaccato

plum - prugna

puddings - sanguinaccio, budino

barrels - barile, botte

Oysters - ostrica

chestnuts - castagna, castano, castagneto

cherry - ciliegia, ciliegio

cheeked - guancia, gota, chiappa, faccia tosta, sfrontatezza, impudenza

juicy - sugoso

luscious - succulento

pears - pera, pero

twelfth - dodicesimo

bowls - boccia

Punch - punch, ponce

steam - vapore

In easy state upon this couch there sat a jolly Giant, glorious to see; who bore a glowing torch, in shape not unlike Plenty's horn, and held it up, high up, to shed its light on Scrooge as he came peeping round the door.

couch - divano

giant - gigante, colosso

bore - forare, perforare

glowing - brillare, alone, luminescenza, luccichio, calore

torch - fiaccola, torcia, incendiare

horn - corno, clacson

shed - capannone, rimessa

"Come in!" exclaimed the Ghost. "Come in! and know me better, man!"

Scrooge entered timidly, and hung his head before this Spirit. He was not the dogged Scrooge he had been; and, though the Spirit's eyes were clear and kind, he did not like to meet them.

timidly - timidamente

"I am the Ghost of Christmas present," said the Spirit. "Look upon me!"

Christmas present - Regalo di Natale

Scrooge reverently did so. It was clothed in one simple deep green robe, or mantle, bordered with white fur. This garment hung so loosely on the figure, that its capacious breast was bare, as if disdaining to be warded or concealed by any artifice.

clothed - stoffa, tessuto, tela, panno, straccio

simple - semplice, mero

mantle - mantello, reticella

bordered - confine, frontiera, orlo

fur - pelo, pelliccia

garment - vestito, indumento, capo, abito

loosely - allentato

disdaining - sdegno, disdegno, disprezzo, sdegnare, sprezzare

warded - corsia, reparto

concealed - nascondere, celare

artifice - artificio

Its feet, observable beneath the ample folds of the garment, were also bare; and on its head it wore no other covering than a holly wreath, set here and there with shining icicles. Its dark brown curls were long and free; free as its genial face, its sparkling eye, its open hand, its cheery voice, its unconstrained demeanour, and its joyful air.

observable - osservabile

ample - ampio, abbondante

folds - piegare

covering - copertura, (cover), coperto, coperchio, nascondiglio

wreath - spirale, voluta, ghirlanda, corona

shining - brillare, far luce con

icicles - ghiacciolo

dark brown - marrone scuro

curls - riccio, ricciolo, boccolo, arricciamento, rotazione, spirale

genial - cordiale

sparkling - scintillante, brillante, frizzante, gassato

cheery - allegro

unconstrained - senza vincoli

demeanour - comportamento

joyful - gioioso, lieto, allegro, felice

Girded round its middle was an antique scabbard; but no sword was in it, and the ancient sheath was eaten up with rust.

antique - antico, obsoleto

scabbard - fodero, guaina

sword - spada, brando

sheath - fodero

rust - ruggine

"You have never seen the like of me before!" exclaimed the Spirit.

"Never," Scrooge made answer to it.

"Have never walked forth with the younger members of my family; meaning (for I am very young) my elder brothers born in these later years?" pursued the Phantom.

"I don't think I have," said Scrooge. "I am afraid I have not. Have you had many brothers, Spirit?"

"More than eighteen hundred," said the Ghost.[54]

"A tremendous family to provide for," muttered Scrooge.

tremendous - formidabile, tremendo, eccellente, straordinario, enorme

provide - soddisfare, prevedere, supporre, provvedere, fornire, erogare

The Ghost of Christmas Present rose.

"Spirit," said Scrooge submissively, "conduct me where you will. I went forth last night on compulsion, and I learnt a lesson which is working now. To-night, if you have aught to teach me, let me profit by it."

submissively - in modo sottomesso

compulsion - costrizione

aught - qualcosa

profit - profitto, lucro, profit, guadagno

"Touch my robe!"

Scrooge did as he was told, and held it fast.

Holly, mistletoe, red berries, ivy, turkeys, geese, game, poultry, brawn, meat, pigs, sausages, oysters, pies, puddings, fruit, and punch, all vanished instantly.

So did the room, the fire, the ruddy glow, the hour of night, and they stood in the city streets on Christmas morning, where (for the weather was severe) the people made a rough, but brisk and not unpleasant kind of music, in scraping the snow from the pavement in front of their dwellings, and from the tops of their houses, whence it was mad delight to the boys to see it come plumping down into the road below, and splitting into artificial little snow-storms.

severe - rigido, duro, grave, severo

rough - ruvido, rugoso, scabro, approssimato, mosso, difficile, rude

brisk - vivace

unpleasant - spiacevole, sgradevole, scostante, sgradito

dwellings - abitazione

tops - cima, sommita, coperchio, cappuccio, parte superiore, top

mad - pazzo, folle, matto, insano

plumping - grassottello

splitting - dividere, (split), spaccata, fendere, scindere

artificial - artificiale, artificioso, artefatto, falso

snow-storms - (snow-storms) tempeste di neve

The house-fronts looked black enough, and the windows blacker, contrasting with the smooth white sheet of snow upon the roofs, and with the dirtier snow upon the ground; which last deposit had been ploughed up in deep furrows by the heavy wheels of carts and waggons; furrows that crossed and recrossed each other hundreds of times where the great streets branched off; and made intricate channels, hard to trace, in the thick yellow mud and icy water. The sky was gloomy, and the shortest streets were choked up with a dingy mist, half thawed, half frozen, whose heavier particles descended in a shower of sooty atoms, as if all the chimneys in Great Britain had, by one consent, caught fire, and were blazing away to their dear hearts'content. There was nothing very cheerful in the climate or the town, and yet was there an air of cheerfulness abroad that the clearest summer air and brightest summer sun might have endeavoured to diffuse in vain.[55]

contrasting with - in contrasto con

sheet - foglio, talian: teglia da forno g, talian: foglio g, ('of metal also') lamiera g, ('of ice, stone, marble') lastra g, scotta

roofs - tetto

deposit - deposito, caparra, acconto, sedimento

ploughed up - arato

furrows - solco, ruga

waggons - vagone

recrossed - riattraversare

branched off - ramificati

intricate - intricato

channels - canale

trace - traccia

thick - spesso, pesante, folto, tonto

mud - fango

icy - ghiacciato

sky - cielo

choked - soffocare

heavier - pesante

particles - granello, pezzetto, particella

descended - scendere

sooty - fuligginoso, caliginoso

atoms - atomo

chimneys - camino, ciminiera, fumaiolo, bulbo

Great Britain - Gran Bretagna

caught - presa, conquista, fermaglio, fermaglio di sicurezza, trappola

blazing - incendio

climate - clima

cheerfulness - allegria

clearest - trasparente, limpido, pulito, chiaro, nitido

brightest - luminoso, brillante

diffuse - diffondere

vain - vanitoso, vanesio, vano

For, the people who were shovelling away on the housetops were jovial and full of glee; calling out to one another from the parapets, and now and then exchanging a facetious snowball-better-natured missile far than many a wordy jest-laughing heartily if it went right, and not less heartily if it went wrong. The poulterers'shops were still half open, and the fruiterers'were radiant in their glory.

shovelling - spalare, (shovel), pala, badile, paletta

housetops - tetto della casa

calling out - chiamare

parapets - parapetto, ringhiera, spalletta, balaustra

exchanging - cambiare

snowball - palla di neve

natured - natura

missile - missile

many a - molti a

wordy - prolisso

jest - burla, scherzo

half open - aperto a meta

fruiterers - fruttivendolo, fruttivendola, verduriere

radiant - radiante

glory - gloria

There were great, round, pot-bellied baskets of chestnuts, shaped like the waistcoats of jolly old gentlemen, lolling at the doors, and tumbling out into the street in their apoplectic opulence.

bellied - pancia, ventre

shaped - condizione, stato, forma, sagoma

waistcoats - panciotto, gile, corpetto

lolling - (stare rilassato)

tumbling - ruzzolare, (tumble), caduta, tombola, cadere, precipitare

apoplectic - apoplettico

opulence - opulenza

There were ruddy, brown-faced, broad-girthed Spanish onions, shining in the fatness of their growth like Spanish Friars, and winking from their shelves in wanton slyness at the girls as they went by, and glanced demurely at the hung-up mistletoe.

girthed - circonferenza, calibro

Spanish - spagnolo, castigliano

shining - stinco

fatness - grassezza

growth - crescita, accrescimento

friars - frate

shelves - archiviare, accantonare, riporre

wanton - indisciplinato

slyness - scaltrezza

demurely - pudicamente

There were pears and apples clustered high in blooming pyramids; there were bunches of grapes, made, in the shopkeepers'benevolence, to dangle from conspicuous hooks that people's mouths might water gratis as they passed; there were piles of filberts, mossy and brown, recalling, in their fragrance, ancient walks among the woods, and pleasant shufflings ankle deep through withered leaves; there were Norfolk Biffins, squab and swarthy, setting off the yellow of the oranges and lemons, and, in the great compactness of their juicy persons, urgently entreating and beseeching to be carried home in paper bags, and eaten after dinner. The very gold and silver fish, set forth among these choice fruits in a bowl, though members of a dull and stagnant-blooded race, appeared to know that there was something going on; and, to a fish, went gasping round and round their little world in slow and passionless excitement.

clustered - gruppo, grappolo

blooming - fiore

pyramids - piramide

bunches of grapes - grappoli d'uva

shopkeepers - bottegaio, bottegaia

dangle - penzolare, far penzolare

conspicuous - evidente, lampante, notevole, vistoso

hooks - gancio, gancetto, uncino, ritornello, parte orecchiabile

piles - pila, mucchio

recalling - ritirare, revocare, richiamare, rammentare, ricordare

fragrance - profumo

woods - legno

shufflings - rimescolando

squab - piccione

swarthy - bruno

setting off - partire

lemons - limone, talian: t-needed

compactness - compattezza

urgently - urgentemente

Entreating - supplicare

beseeching - supplichevole, (beseech), supplicare, implorare

set forth - far partire, presentare

choice - scelta, ottimo, ottima, di prima scelta

bowl - boccia

stagnant - stagnante

blooded - sangue

gasping - rantolare, (gasp), restare senza fiato, restare a bocca aperta

passionless - senza passione

The Grocers'! oh, the Grocers'! nearly closed, with perhaps two shutters down, or one; but through those gaps such glimpses!

gaps - spazio, divario

glimpses - occhiata, scorcio, intravedere

It was not alone that the scales descending on the counter made a merry sound, or that the twine and roller parted company so briskly, or that the canisters were rattled up and[56] down like juggling tricks, or even that the blended scents of tea and coffee were so grateful to the nose, or even that the raisins were so plentiful and rare, the almonds so extremely white, the sticks of cinnamon so long and straight, the other spices so delicious, the candied fruits so caked and spotted with molten sugar as to make the coldest lookers-on feel faint, and subsequently bilious. Nor was it that the figs were moist and pulpy, or that the French plums blushed in modest tartness from their highly-decorated boxes, or that everything was good to eat and in its Christmas dress; but the customers were all so hurried and so eager in the hopeful promise of the day, that they tumbled up against each other at the door, crashing their wicker baskets wildly, and left their purchases upon the counter, and came running back to fetch them, and committed hundreds of the like mistakes, in the best humour possible; while the Grocer and his people were so frank and fresh, that the polished hearts with which they fastened their aprons behind might have been their own, worn outside for general inspection, and for Christmas daws to peck at if they chose.

scales - scala, gradazione

twine - cordicella

roller - cavallone

canisters - scatola metallica

rattled - far tintinnare/sbatacchiare

juggling - giocoleria, (juggle), giocolare, giostrare, destreggiarsi

tricks - trucco, imbrogliare

blended - misto, ibrido

scents - odore (1, 2), checkprofumo (3), fiutare

grateful - grato

raisins - uvetta, uva passa, uva secca

plentiful - moltissimo, abbondante

rare - raro

almonds - mandorla, mandorlo

sticks - mettere, infilare

cinnamon - cannella, cinnamomo, di cannella

spices - spezia

candied - caramella

spotted - macchia, brufolo, foruncolo, zona, area, pubblicita, individuare

molten - fuso, liquefatto, incandescente, (melt), sciogliere, fondere

lookers - osservatore, bellezza, meraviglia, schianto

feel faint - sentirsi debole

bilious - bilioso

figs - fico

moist - umido

pulpy - polposo

French - francese

plums - prugna

blushed - rossore

modest - modesto, irrisorio, esiguo

tartness - asprezza

highly - altamente

decorated - decorare

hurried - fretta, premura, furia, affrettarsi, precipitarsi

hopeful - speranzoso

tumbled - caduta, tombola, cadere, precipitare, rovinare

crashing - frastuono

wicker - vimini

wildly - selvaggiamente

purchases - compra, acquisto, compravendita, acquisizione, comprare

fetch - andare a prendere, portare

committed - affidare, impegnarsi, arrestare, imprigionare, ricoverare

grocer - droghiere, droghiera

frank - franco

polished - polacco

aprons - grembiule, piazzale

general - generale

inspection - ispezione, controllo, esame, analisi

peck - beccare, colpire con il becco

But soon the steeples called good people all to church and chapel, and away they came, flocking through the streets in their best clothes, and with their gayest faces. And at the same time there emerged, from scores of by-streets, lanes, and nameless turnings, innumerable people, carrying their dinners to the bakers'shops.

steeples - campanile

chapel - cappella, chiesetta

flocking - affollamento

gayest - gay, omosessuale

emerged - emergere, venire fuori, venire alla luce

scores - punteggio, risultato, ventina, 20 libbre, spartito, dovuto

lanes - passaggio, corsia

nameless - innominato

turnings - girare

innumerable - innumerevole

Bakers - panettiere, panettiera, fornaio, fornaia

The sight of these poor revellers appeared to interest the Spirit very much, for he stood with Scrooge beside him in a baker's doorway, and, taking off the covers as their bearers passed, sprinkled incense on their dinners from his torch.

revellers - festaiolo

doorway - uscio, via di accesso

covers - coperto, coperchio, copertura, nascondiglio, copertina, coperta

bearers - portatore, titolare

sprinkled - spargere, spruzzare, aspergere, guarnire

incense - incenso, olibano

And it was a very uncommon kind of torch, for once or twice, when there were angry words between some dinner-carriers who had jostled each other, he shed a few drops of water on them from it, and their good-humour was restored directly. For they said, it was a shame to quarrel upon Christmas-day. And so it was! God love it, so it was![57]

carriers - vettore

jostled - spingere, farsi largo

drops - goccia

directly - direttamente

shame - vergogna

Christmas-Day - (Christmas-Day) Il giorno di Natale

In time the bells ceased, and the bakers were shut up; and yet there was a genial shadowing forth of all these dinners, and the progress of their cooking, in the thawed blotch of wet above each baker's oven; where the pavement smoked as if its stones were cooking too.

shadowing - ombra, (shadow), pedinare

progress - progresso

blotch - screziatura, striatura, chiazzatura, picchiettatura

wet - bagnato, impregnato, piovoso, uggioso, bagnare

"Is there a peculiar flavour in what you sprinkle from your torch?" asked Scrooge.

peculiar - strano, peculiare, particolare

flavour - sapore

sprinkle - spargere, spruzzare, aspergere, guarnire

"There is. My own."

"Would it apply to any kind of dinner on this day?" asked Scrooge.

"To any kindly given. To a poor one most."

"Why to a poor one most?" asked Scrooge.

"Because it needs it most."

"Spirit!" said Scrooge after a moment's thought. "I wonder you, of all the beings in the many worlds about us, should desire to cramp these people's opportunities of innocent enjoyment."

cramp - crampo, forma, calco, stampo, paralizzare, contrarre

innocent - innocente

enjoyment - divertimento

"I!" cried the Spirit.

"You would deprive them of their means of dining every seventh day, often the only day on which they can be said to dine at all," said Scrooge; "wouldn't you?"

deprive - privare, togliere, sottrarre

dining - chiasso, frastuono

seventh - settimo ('before the noun'), ('in names of monarchs and popes') settimo g, settima g ('after the name') ('abbreviation' VII), settimo

"I!" cried the Spirit.

"You seek to close these places on the Seventh Day," said Scrooge. "And it comes to the same thing."

"I seek!" exclaimed the Spirit.

"Forgive me if I am wrong. It has been done in your name, or at least in that of your family," said Scrooge.

forgive - perdonare

"There are some upon this earth of yours," returned the Spirit, "who lay claim to know us, and who do their deeds of passion, pride, ill-will, hatred, envy, bigotry, and selfishness in our name, who are as strange to us, and all our kith and kin, as if they had never lived. Remember that, and charge their doings on themselves, not us."

claim - reclamo, rivendicazione, diritto, dichiarazione, affermazione

pride - superbia, orgoglio, essere orgoglioso

hatred - odio, risentimento

envy - invidia, invidiare

bigotry - bigottismo

selfishness - egoismo

kin - famiglia

doings - fare

Scrooge promised that he would; and they went on, invisible,[58] as they had been before, into the suburbs of the town.

suburbs - sobborgo

It was a remarkable quality of the Ghost (which Scrooge had observed at the baker's), that, notwithstanding his gigantic size, he could accommodate himself to any place with ease; and that he stood beneath a low roof quite as gracefully and like a supernatural creature as it was possible he could have done in any lofty hall.

remarkable - notevole, degno di nota, rimarchevole, ragguardevole

gigantic - gigantesco, colossale

size - dimensioni

accommodate - alloggiare, accogliere

place with - posto con

ease - facilita, riposo, attenuare

And perhaps it was the pleasure the good Spirit had in showing off this power of his, or else it was his own kind, generous, hearty nature, and his sympathy with all poor men, that led him straight to Scrooge's clerk's; for there he went, and took Scrooge with him, holding to his robe; and, on the threshold of the door, the Spirit smiled, and stopped to bless Bob Cratchit's dwelling with the sprinklings of his torch. Think of that! Bob had but fifteen "Bob" a week himself; he pocketed on Saturdays but fifteen copies of his Christian name; and yet the Ghost of Christmas Present blessed his four-roomed house!

showing off - mettersi in mostra

hearty - di cuore

Bob - ballonzolare

dwelling - abitazione, (dwell), abitare, checkdimorare

sprinklings - spruzzare

pocketed - tasca, buca, sacca, intascare, imbucare, tascabile

on Saturdays - il sabato

copies - copia, replica, copiare, imitare, ricevere

Christian name - Nome cristiano

Then up rose Mrs.

Cratchit, Cratchit's wife, dressed out but poorly in a twice-turned gown, but brave in ribbons, which are cheap, and make a goodly show for sixpence; and she laid the cloth, assisted by Belinda Cratchit, second of her daughters, also brave in ribbons; while Master Peter Cratchit plunged a fork into the saucepan of potatoes, and, getting the corners of his monstrous shirt collar (Bob's private property, conferred upon his son and heir in honour of the day) into his mouth, rejoiced to find himself so gallantly attired, and yearned to show his linen in the fashionable Parks. And now two smaller Cratchits, boy and girl, came tearing in, screaming that outside the baker's they had smelt the goose, and known it for their own; and, basking in luxurious thoughts of sage and onion, these young Cratchits danced about the table, and exalted Master Peter Cratchit to the skies, while he (not proud, although his collars nearly choked him) blew the fire, until the slow potatoes, bubbling up, knocked loudly at the saucepan lid to be let out and peeled.[59]

Brave - coraggioso, ardito, baldo, audace

ribbons - nastro, fettuccia

goodly - bene

sixpence - moneta da sei penny

laid - posare

cloth - stoffa, tessuto, tela, panno, straccio

assisted - assistere, aiutare, assistenza, aiuto, assist

Peter - Pietro, Piero

fork - forchetta

corners - angolo, sporgenza, angolo sporgente, pietra d'angolo

private - personale, riservato, privato, privata

property - proprieta, beni, possesso, beni immobili

conferred - conferire

son and heir - figlio ed erede

gallantly - galantemente

Attired - abbigliamento, palco, indossare, portare

yearned - anelare, desiderare

linen - lino

fashionable - alla moda

tearing - lacrima

screaming - urlo, grido, gridare, sbraitare, urlare

smelt - fondere, (separare dalle scorie), (smell), odore, olfatto

goose - oca, papero

basking - crogiolarsi

luxurious - lussuoso, lussurioso

sage - salvia

exalted - esaltare

skies - cielo

proud - orgoglioso, fiero

collars - bavero, bavera, collo, colletto, collare

bubbling - bolla

lid - coperchio, tappo

peeled - sbucciare, pelare

"What has ever got your precious father, then?" said Mrs. Cratchit. "And your brother, Tiny Tim? And Martha warn't as late last Christmas-day by half an hour!"

"Here's Martha, mother!" said a girl, appearing as she spoke.

appearing - apparire

"Here's Martha, mother!" cried the two young Cratchits. "Hurrah! There's such a goose, Martha!"

Hurrah - urra, evviva

"Why, bless your heart alive, my dear, how late you are!" said Mrs. Cratchit, kissing her a dozen times, and taking off her shawl and bonnet for her with officious zeal.

shawl - scialle

bonnet - cuffia, cofano

officious - invadente

zeal - zelo

"We'd a deal of work to finish up last night," replied the girl, "and had to clear away this morning, mother!"

"Well! never mind so long as you are come," said Mrs. Cratchit. "Sit ye down before the fire, my dear, and have a warm, Lord bless ye!"

ye - voi

Lord - castellano, signore, nobile, nobiluomo, nobildonna, dominare

"No, no! There's father coming," cried the two young Cratchits, who were everywhere at once. "Hide, Martha, hide!"

everywhere - ovunque, dappertutto

So Martha hid herself, and in came little Bob, the father, with at least three feet of comforter, exclusive of the fringe, hanging down before him; and his threadbare clothes darned up and brushed to look seasonable; and Tiny Tim upon his shoulder. Alas for Tiny Tim, he bore a little crutch, and had his limbs supported by an iron frame!

hid - nascosto

exclusive - esclusivo, esclusorio

fringe - frangia, periferia, radicale, teatro, marginale

threadbare - filiforme

darned - maledetto

brushed - spazzola, pennello, incontro, scontro, spazzolare, spazzolarsi

seasonable - stagionale

Alas - ahime!, ohime!

crutch - stampella, gruccia

limbs - membro, arto

supported - sostenere

frame - incorniciare, incastrare, impalcatura, incastellatura, armatura

"Why, where's our Martha?" cried Bob Cratchit, looking round.

"Not coming," said Mrs. Cratchit.

"Not coming!" said Bob with a sudden declension in his high spirits; for he had been Tim's blood horse all the way from church, and had come home rampant. "Not coming upon Christmas-day!"

declension - declinazione

high spirits - buon umore

rampant - rampante, sfrenato, sfrenata, dilagante

Martha didn't like to see him disappointed, if it were only in joke; so she came out prematurely from behind the closet door, and ran into his arms, while the two young Cratchits[60] hustled Tiny Tim, and bore him off into the wash-house, that he might hear the pudding singing in the copper.

disappointed - deludere, dispiacere, contrariare

prematurely - prematuramente

hustled - affrettarsi, darsi da fare, imbrogliare, truffare, spinta

copper - rame

"And how did little Tim behave?" asked Mrs. Cratchit when she had rallied Bob on his credulity, and Bob had hugged his daughter to his heart's content.

behave - comportarsi, agire, comportarsi bene

rallied - riunire, riorganizzare

credulity - credulita

hugged - abbraccio, abbracciare, tenersi vicino

"As good as gold," said Bob, "and better. Somehow, he gets thoughtful, sitting by himself so much, and thinks the strangest things you ever heard. He told me, coming home, that he hoped the people saw him in the church, because he was a cripple, and it might be pleasant to them to remember upon Christmas-day who made lame beggars walk and blind men see."

cripple - storpio, storpia

lame - zoppo

Bob's voice was tremulous when he told them this, and trembled more when he said that Tiny Tim was growing strong and hearty.

His active little crutch was heard upon the floor, and back came Tiny Tim before another word was spoken, escorted by his brother and sister to his stool beside the fire; and while Bob, turning up his cuffs-as if, poor fellow, they were capable of being made more shabby-compounded some hot mixture in a jug with gin and lemons, and stirred it round and round, and put it on the hob to simmer, Master Peter and the two ubiquitous young Cratchits went to fetch the goose, with which they soon returned in high procession.

active - attivo

escorted - scorta, scortare

cuffs - polsino

capable - capace

shabby - logoro, meschino

compounded - composto

mixture - mistura, amalgama, combinazione, lega

jug - brocca, caraffa

simmer - bollire lentamente

ubiquitous - ubiquitario, onnipresente

procession - corteo

Such a bustle ensued that you might have thought a goose the rarest of all birds; a feathered phenomenon, to which a black swan was a matter of course-and, in truth, it was something very like it in that house. Mrs.

bustle - viavai, andirivieni, sottana, affaccendarsi, pullulare

rarest - raro

feathered - piuma, penna, barbetta

black swan - cigno nero

in truth - in verita

Cratchit made the gravy (ready beforehand in a little saucepan) hissing hot; Master Peter mashed the potatoes with incredible vigour; Miss Belinda sweetened up the apple sauce; Martha dusted the hot plates; Bob took Tiny Tim beside him in a tiny corner at the table; the two young Cratchits set chairs for everybody, not forgetting themselves, and, mounting guard upon their posts, crammed[61] spoons into their mouths, lest they should shriek for goose before their turn came to be helped. At last the dishes were set on, and grace was said. It was succeeded by a breathless pause, as Mrs. Cratchit, looking slowly all along the carving-knife, prepared to plunge it in the breast; but when she did, and when the long-expected gush of stuffing issued forth, one murmur of delight arose all round the board, and even Tiny Tim, excited by the two young Cratchits, beat on the table with the handle of his knife, and feebly cried Hurrah!

beforehand - anticipatamente, precedentemente

mashed - schiacciare, passare

vigour - vigore

sweetened - addolcire, zuccherare

sauce - salsa

dusted - polvere, spolverare

plates - piatto

mounting - montaggio

spoons - cucchiaio

shriek - gridare, strillare

grace - benedicite, ringraziamento, grazia, eleganza, garbo

breathless - senza fiato

carving-knife - (carving-knife) coltello da intaglio

plunge - tuffarsi

gush - sgorgare, zampillare

stuffing - imbottitura, ripieno, (stuff), cose, roba, tessuto, stoffa

issued - emissione, fuoriuscita, esito, questione, problematica

murmur - mormorio, brusio, sussurro, mormorare

arose - sorgere, apparire, nascere

beat - colpire, percuotere

handle - manico, maniglia

feebly - debolmente

There never was such a goose. Bob said he didn't believe there ever was such a goose cooked. Its tenderness and flavour, size and cheapness, were the themes of universal admiration. Eked out by apple sauce and mashed potatoes, it was a sufficient dinner for the whole family; indeed, as Mrs.

tenderness - tenerezza

cheapness - economicita

themes - tema

universal - universale

admiration - ammirazione

Eked - integrare

mashed potatoes - pure di patate

sufficient - appropriato, sufficiente, idoneo, adeguato, congruo

Cratchit said with great delight (surveying one small atom of a bone upon the dish), they hadn't ate it all at last! Yet every one had had enough, and the youngest Cratchits, in particular, were steeped in sage and onion to the eyebrows! But now, the plates being changed by Miss Belinda, Mrs. Cratchit left the room alone-too nervous to bear witnesses-to take the pudding up, and bring it in.

surveying - rilievo, (survey), sondaggio, inchiesta, indagine, ricognizione

atom - atomo

bone - osso, lisca, spina

steeped - ripido

witnesses - testimonianza, testimone, prova, testimoniare, constatare, essere testimone

Suppose it should not be done enough! Suppose it should break in turning out! Suppose somebody should have got over the wall of the back-yard and stolen it, while they were merry with the goose-a supposition at which the two young Cratchits became livid! All sorts of horrors were supposed.

break in - Entrare in azione

stolen - rubare, derubare, fregare, accattivarsi, appropriarsi

sorts - sorta, tipo

horrors - orrore

supposed - supporre, immaginare

Hallo! A great deal of steam! The pudding was out of the copper. A smell like a washing-day! That was the cloth. A smell like an eating-house and a pastrycook's next door to each other, with a laundress's next door to that! That was the pudding! In half a minute Mrs.

Hallo - ciao, salve

Steam - vapore

smell - odore, olfatto, odorato, sentire l'odore, fiutare, odorare

eating-house - (eating-house) tavola calda, locale gastronomico

pastrycook - pasticcere

laundress - lavandaia

Cratchit entered-flushed, but smiling proudly-with the pudding, like a speckled cannon-ball, so hard and firm, blazing in half of half-a-quartern of ignited brandy, and bedight with Christmas holly stuck into the top.[62]

smiling - sorridere, (smile), sorriso

proudly - fieramente

Speckled - macchietta, puntino

cannon-ball - (cannon-ball) palla di cannone

quartern - quarto di dollaro

ignited - incendiare, accendersi, prendere, prendere fuoco

brandy - brandy

bedight - luce del letto

Oh, a wonderful pudding! Bob Cratchit said, and calmly too, that he regarded it as the greatest success achieved by Mrs. Cratchit since their marriage. Mrs. Cratchit said that, now the weight was off her mind, she would confess she had her doubts about the quantity of flour. Everybody had something to say about it, but nobody said or thought it was at all a small pudding for a large family.

calmly - con calma

regarded - considerare

achieved - realizzare, ottenere

marriage - matrimonio, nozze, sposalizio

doubts - dubitare, dubbio, perplessita

flour - farina, infarinare

It would have been flat heresy to do so. Any Cratchit would have blushed to hint at such a thing.

heresy - eresia

hint at - alludere

At last the dinner was all done, the cloth was cleared, the hearth swept, and the fire made up. The compound in the jug being tasted, and considered perfect, apples and oranges were put upon the table, and a shovel full of chestnuts on the fire.

cleared - trasparente, limpido, pulito, chiaro, nitido

compound - composto

considered - considerare, pensare, osservare, prendere, prestare attenzione

Then all the Cratchit family drew round the hearth in what Bob Cratchit called a circle, meaning half a one; and at Bob Cratchit's elbow stood the family display of glass. Two tumblers and a custard cup without a handle.

circle - cerchio, disco, sfera, curva, circolo, gruppo, cenacolo

display - rappresentazione, saggio, schermo, video, espositore, mostrare

tumblers - nottolino, cilindro, percussore, bicchiere, piccione tomboliere

custard - crema pasticcera

These held the hot stuff from the jug, however, as well as golden goblets would have done; and Bob served it out with beaming looks, while the chestnuts on the fire sputtered and cracked noisily. Then Bob proposed:

stuff - cose, roba, tessuto, stoffa, roba (1), checkcose (2), farcire

goblets - coppa, calice

served - servizio, servire, essere in forza, operare, lavorare per

sputtered - Tartamudear

noisily - rumorosamente

proposed - proporre, proporre il matrimonio

"A merry Christmas to us all, my dears. God bless us!"

Which all the family re-echoed.

"God bless us every one!" said Tiny Tim, the last of all.

last of all - ultimo di tutti

He sat very close to his father's side, upon his little stool. Bob held his withered little hand in his, as if he loved the child, and wished to keep him by his side, and dreaded that he might be taken from him.

dreaded - temere, timore

"Spirit," said Scrooge with an interest he had never felt before, "tell me if Tiny Tim will live."

"I see a vacant seat," replied the Ghost, "in the poor chimney-corner, and a crutch without an owner, carefully preserved. If these shadows remain unaltered by the Future, the child will die."[63]

vacant - vacante

seat - posto, seduta, sedile, scranno

carefully - minuziosamente, accuratamente, meticolosamente, puntigliosamente

preserved - riserva, preservare, proteggere, salvaguardare, conservare

remain - stare, restare, rimanere

unaltered - inalterato

"No, no," said Scrooge. "Oh, no, kind Spirit! say he will be spared."

be spared - essere risparmiato

"If these shadows remain unaltered by the Future, none other of my race," returned the Ghost, "will find him here. What then? If he be like to die, he had better do it, and decrease the surplus population."

Scrooge hung his head to hear his own words quoted by the Spirit, and was overcome with penitence and grief.

quoted - citazione, virgolette, preventivo, aliquota, citare, riferire

penitence - penitenza

"Man," said the Ghost, "if man you be in heart, not adamant, forbear that wicked cant until you have discovered What the surplus is, and Where it is. Will you decide what men shall live, what men shall die? It may be that, in the sight of Heaven, you are more worthless and less fit to live than millions like this poor man's child. Oh God!

adamant - irremovibile, ostinato, adamantino

forbear - non sopportare

wicked - cattivo

cant - linguaggio ipocrita

discovered - scoprire, trovare

worthless - inutile, insignificante, senza valore

poor man - povero uomo

to hear the Insect on the leaf pronouncing on the too much life among his hungry brothers in the dust!"

insect - insetto

leaf - foglia, foglio, prolunga

pronouncing - dichiarare, emettere, pronunziare, pronunciare

dust - polvere, spolverare

Scrooge bent before the Ghost's rebuke, and, trembling, cast his eyes upon the ground. But he raised them speedily on hearing his own name.

bent - piegato, (bend), curvare, piegare, piegarsi, curvarsi

rebuke - rimbrotto, reprimenda, rimprovero, richiamo

cast - gettare, posare, lanciare, addizionare, sommare, calcolare

speedily - rapidamente

"Mr. Scrooge!" said Bob. "I'll give you Mr. Scrooge, the Founder of the Feast!"

founder - fondatore

feast - banchetto

"The Founder of the Feast, indeed!" cried Mrs. Cratchit, reddening. "I wish I had him here. I'd give him a piece of my mind to feast upon, and I hope he'd have a good appetite for it."

reddening - arrossire

appetite - appetito

"My dear," said Bob, "the children! Christmas-day."

"It should be Christmas-day, I am sure," said she, "on which one drinks the health of such an odious, stingy, hard, unfeeling man as Mr. Scrooge. You know he is, Robert! Nobody knows it better than you do, poor fellow!"

odious - odioso

stingy - avaro, scarso

unfeeling - insensibile

Robert - Roberto

"My dear!" was Bob's mild answer. "Christmas-day."

mild - delicato, delicata, mite, lene, lieve

"I'll drink his health for your sake and the Day's," said Mrs. Cratchit, "not for his. Long life to him! A merry Christmas and a happy New Year! He'll be very merry and very happy, I have no doubt!"[64]

The children drank the toast after her. It was the first of their proceedings which had no heartiness in it. Tiny Tim drank it last of all, but he didn't care twopence for it. Scrooge was the Ogre of the family. The mention of his name cast a dark shadow on the party, which was not dispelled for full five minutes.

toast - tostare, abbrustolire

proceedings - procedimento

heartiness - cuore

Twopence - Due penny

ogre - orco

dispelled - dissipare, scacciare

After it had passed away they were ten times merrier than before, from the mere relief of Scrooge the Baleful being done with. Bob Cratchit told them how he had a situation in his eye for Master Peter, which would bring in, if obtained, full five-and-sixpence weekly.

merrier - felice, allegro

baleful - funesto

obtained - ottenere, riuscire, avere, stabilirsi

weekly - settimanalmente, settimanale

The two young Cratchits laughed tremendously at the idea of Peter's being a man of business; and Peter himself looked thoughtfully at the fire from between his collars, as if he were deliberating what particular investments he should favour when he came into the receipt of that bewildering income.

tremendously - tremendamente

deliberating - premeditato, intenzionale, voluto

investments - investimento

favour - favore

receipt - ricezione, reception, incasso, quietanza, ricevuta, scontrino

bewildering - confondere, disorientare, sconcertare

income - introiti, reddito

Martha, who was a poor apprentice at a milliner's, then told them what kind of work she had to do, and how many hours she worked at a stretch, and how she meant to lie abed to-morrow morning for a good long rest; to-morrow being a holiday she passed at home.

apprentice - apprendista, bardotto

milliner - modista

at a stretch - senza interruzione

abed - a letto

Also how she had seen a countess and a lord some days before, and how the lord "was much about as tall as Peter"; at which Peter pulled up his collars so high, that you couldn't have seen his head if you had been there.

Countess - contessa

All this time the chestnuts and the jug went round and round; and by-and-by they had a song, about a lost child travelling in the snow, from Tiny Tim, who had a plaintive little voice, and sang it very well indeed.

by-and-by - (by-and-by) a poco a poco

plaintive - querulo

There was nothing of high mark in this. They were not a handsome family; they were not well dressed; their shoes were far from being waterproof; their clothes were scanty; and Peter might have known, and very likely did, the inside of a pawn-broker's.

waterproof - impermeabile, a tenuta stagna, impermeabilizzato

scanty - scarso

Likely - E probabile

Pawn - impegnare, dare in pegno

broker - intermediario, mediatore, agente di cambio

But they were happy, grateful, pleased with one another, and contented with the time; and when they faded, and looked happier yet in the bright sprinklings of the Spirit's[65] torch at parting, Scrooge had his eye upon them, and especially on Tiny Tim, until the last.

contented with - essere soddisfatto di

faded - moda, andazzo, tendenza

By this time it was getting dark, and snowing pretty heavily; and as Scrooge and the Spirit went along the streets, the brightness of the roaring fires in kitchens, parlours, and all sorts of rooms was wonderful.

parlours - salotto

Here, the flickering of the blaze showed preparations for a cosy dinner, with hot plates baking through and through before the fire, and deep red curtains, ready to be drawn to shut out cold and darkness. There, all the children of the house were running out into the snow to meet their married sisters, brothers, cousins, uncles, aunts, and be the first to greet them.

flickering - tremolare

preparations - preparazione

cosy - accogliente

baking - cottura, (bake), cuocere, cuocersi, infornare

Here, again, were shadows on the window blinds of guests assembling; and there a group of handsome girls, all hooded and fur-booted, and all chattering at once, tripped lightly off to some near neighbour's house; where, woe upon the single man who saw them enter-artful witches, well they knew it-in a glow!

blinds - cieco, orbo, tenda, accecare, ciecamente

guests - ospite, invitato, convitato, cliente

assembling - assemblare, montare, mettere insieme, riunire, riunirsi, adunare

hooded - cappuccio

single - singolo, solo, intero, unico, single

witches - strega

But, if you had judged from the numbers of people on their way to friendly gatherings, you might have thought that no one was at home to give them welcome when they got there, instead of every house expecting company, and piling up its fires half-chimney high. Blessings on it, how the Ghost exulted!

judged - giudicare

gatherings - raccolta

expecting - in attesa, (expect), aspettarsi, pensare

piling up - accumulare

blessings - benedizione

exulted - esultare

How it bared its breadth of breast, and opened its capacious palm, and floated on, outpouring, with a generous hand, its bright and harmless mirth on everything within its reach!

bared - nudo

breadth - larghezza

palm - palma, palmo

outpouring - effusione

harmless - innocuo

mirth - gioia, allegria

reach - arrivare a, raggiungere

The very lamp-lighter, who ran on before, dotting the dusky street with specks of light, and who was dressed to spend the evening somewhere, laughed out loudly as the Spirit passed, though little kenned the lamp-lighter that he had any company but Christmas.

dotting - punto

dusky - crepuscolare

specks - macchia

somewhere - da qualche parte, in qualche luogo, in qualche parte

And now, without a word of warning from the Ghost, they stood upon a bleak and desert moor, where monstrous masses of rude stone were cast about, as though it were the burial-place or giants; and water spread itself wheresoever it listed; or would have done so, but for the frost that held it prisoner; and nothing[66] grew but moss and furze, and coarse, rank grass.

desert - abbandonare

moor - landa, brughiera

masses - massa

giants - gigante, colosso

spread - spartire, allargare, spargere, diffondere, sparpagliare

wheresoever - dove

prisoner - prigioniero, prigioniera

moss - muschio

coarse - grossolano, grezzo, rude, rozzo

rank - grado, rango

Down in the west the setting sun had left a streak of fiery red, which glared upon the desolation for an instant, like a sullen eye, and, frowning lower, lower, lower yet, was lost in the thick gloom of darkest night.

setting sun - sole che tramonta

streak - striatura, striscia

fiery - ardente, incandescente, bruciante, infiammabile, infocato

desolation - desolazione

sullen - afflitto, astioso, tetro, cupo, disarmante, lento

frowning - accigliarsi, aggrottare le ciglia/sopracciglia

lower - oscurarsi

"What place is this?" asked Scrooge.

"A place where Miners live, who labour in the bowels of the earth," returned the Spirit. "But they know me. See!"

miners - minatore

A light shone from the window of a hut, and swiftly they advanced towards it. passing through the wall of mud and stone, they found a cheerful company assembled round a glowing fire. An old, old man and woman, with their children and their children's children, and another generation beyond that, all decked out gaily in their holiday attire.

hut - capanna

Swiftly - Rapidamente

advanced - avanzare, progredire, anticipare, migliorare, avvicinarsi

passing through - passare

assembled - assemblare, montare, mettere insieme, riunire, riunirsi, adunare

generation - generazione

decked - ponte

attire - abbigliamento, palco, indossare, portare

The old man, in a voice that seldom rose above the howling of the wind upon the barren waste, was singing them a Christmas song; it had been a very old song when he was a boy; and from time to time they all joined in the chorus. So surely as they raised their voices, the old man got quite blithe and loud; and, so surely as they stopped, his vigour sank again.

seldom - raramente, di rado

howling - ululare, (howl), ululato, uggiolio, latrato, guaito

barren - sterile, infertile, infruttifero, desolato

waste - sprecare

chorus - coro

blithe - indifferente

loud - forte, alto

The Spirit did not tarry here, but bade Scrooge hold his robe, and, passing on above the moor, sped whither? Not to sea? To sea.

tarry - tare

passing on - passare

sped - velocita

whither - dove

To Scrooge's horror, looking back, he saw the last of the land, a frightful range of rocks, behind them; and his ears were deafened by the thundering of water, as it rolled and roared, and raged among the dreadful caverns it had worn, and fiercely tried to undermine the earth.

rocks - roccia

deafened - assordare

thundering - tuonare, (thunder), tuono, rombo, schianto, boato, fragore

rolled - rotolo

raged - rabbia, furia, furore, infuriare, imperversare

caverns - caverna

fiercely - trucemente, perfidamente, ferocemente, accanitamente

undermine - minare, minacciare, pregiudicare, compromettere

Built upon a dismal reef of sunken rocks, some league or so from shore, on which the waters chafed and dashed, the wild year through, there stood a solitary lighthouse. Great heaps of seaweed clung to its base, and storm-birds-born of the wind, one might suppose, as seaweed of the water-rose and fell about it, like the waves they skimmed.

reef - scogliera

sunken - affondato, (sink), affondare

League - lega, unione

shore - spiaggia

chafed - surriscaldamento, abrasione, escoriazione, irritazione, collera

dashed - lineetta, linea, scatto, spruzzo, pizzico, goccio, saltare

lighthouse - faro

heaps - folla, massa, moltitudine, pila, cumulo

seaweed - alghe

clung to - attaccarsi

storm - tempesta, bufera

skimmed - sfiorare, rasentare, lambire, rimbalzare, scorrere, schiumare

But, even here, two men who watched the light had made a[67] fire that through the loophole in the thick stone wall shed out a ray of brightness on the awful sea.

loophole - feritoia, scappatoia, cavillo, pretesto, sottigliezza

ray - raggio

Joining their horny hands over the rough table at which they sat, they wished each other Merry Christmas in their can of grog; and one of them, the elder too, with his face all damaged and scarred with hard weather, as the figure-head of an old ship might be, struck up a sturdy song that was like a gale in itself.

horny - corneo, eccitato, infoiato, arrapato

hands over - consegnare

grog - grog

damaged - danno, danneggiare, rovinare, macchiare

scarred - cicatrice

ship - nave

sturdy - solido, solida, robusto, quercia

gale - burrasca

Again the Ghost sped on, above the black and heaving sea-on, on-until, being far away, as he told Scrooge, from any shore, they lighted on a ship.

heaving - ansimare, (heave), sollevamento

They stood beside the helmsman at the wheel, the look-out in the bow, the officers who had the watch; dark, ghostly figures in their several stations; but every man among them hummed a Christmas tune, or had a Christmas thought, or spoke below his breath to his companion of some bygone Christmas-day, with homeward hopes belonging to it.

helmsman - timoniere, nocchiero, nocchiere

wheel - ruota, timone, ruota del timone, pezzo grosso, cerchio

officers - funzionario, ufficiale, agente, checkufficiale

hummed - ronzio, canticchiare, canterellare, mormorare, brontolare

tune - melodia, composizione, regolazione, messa a punto, accordare

companion - amico, compagno

bygone - passato, andato

homeward - verso casa

belonging - appartenenza

And every man on board, waking or sleeping, good or bad, had had a kinder word for one another on that day than on any day in the year; and had shared to some extent in its festivities; and had remembered those he cared for at a distance, and had known that they delighted to remember him.

extent - estensione, misura

festivities - talian: t-needed

cared for - curato

delighted - delizia, piacere, deliziare

It was a great surprise to Scrooge, while listening to the moaning of the wind, and thinking what a solemn thing it was to move on through the lonely darkness over an unknown abyss, whose depths were secrets as profound as death: it was a great surprise to Scrooge, while thus engaged, to hear a hearty laugh.

solemn - solenne

an unknown - uno sconosciuto

abyss - abisso

depths - profondita

secrets - segreto

profound - profondo

engaged - attirare, convergere, ingaggiare, intavolare, irretire

It was a much greater surprise to Scrooge to recognise it as his own nephew's, and to find himself in a bright, dry, gleaming room, with the Spirit standing smiling by his side, and looking at that same nephew with approving affability!

recognise - riconoscere

approving - approvare

affability - affabilita

"Ha, ha!" laughed Scrooge's nephew. "Ha, ha, ha!"

ha - Ja

If you should happen, by any unlikely chance, to know a man more blessed in a laugh than Scrooge's nephew, all I can say is, I should like to know him too. Introduce him to me, and I'll cultivate his acquaintance.[68]

unlikely - improbabile

cultivate - coltivare

acquaintance - conoscenza

It is a fair, even-handed, noble adjustment of things, that, while there is infection in disease and sorrow, there is nothing in the world so irresistibly contagious as laughter and good-humour. When Scrooge's nephew laughed in this way, holding his sides, rolling his head, and twisting his face into the most extravagant contortions, Scrooge's niece, by marriage, laughed as heartily as he.

noble - nobile, aristocratico, splendido

adjustment - adattamento, inserimento

infection - infezione

disease - malattia, malanno, disturbo, morbo

sorrow - tristezza, dolore, pena, afflizione

irresistibly - irresistibilmente

contagious - contagioso, infettivo

laughter - risata, riso

sides - lato

twisting - torsione, (twist), contorsione, distorsione

extravagant - ordine del giorno

contortions - contorsione

niece - nipote

And their assembled friends, being not a bit behindhand, roared out lustily.

behindhand - dietro le quinte

lustily - con bramosia

"Ha, ha! Ha, ha, ha, ha!"

"He said that Christmas was a humbug, as I live!" cried Scrooge's nephew. "He believed it, too!"

"More shame for him, Fred!" said Scrooge's niece indignantly. Bless those women! they never do anything by halves. They are always in earnest.

earnest - serio

She was very pretty; exceedingly pretty. With a dimpled, surprised-looking, capital face; a ripe little mouth, that seemed made to be kissed-as no doubt it was; all kinds of good little dots about her chin, that melted into one another when she laughed; and the sunniest pair of eyes you ever saw in any little creature's head.

dimpled - bozza, fossetta, formare bozze su

surprised - sorpresa, stupire, sorprendere, meravigliare

ripe - maturo

kissed - baciare

dots - punto

melted - sciogliere, fondere

sunniest - soleggiato, soleggiata

Altogether she was what you would have called provoking, you know; but satisfactory, too. Oh, perfectly satisfactory!

altogether - del tutto, nel complesso

provoking - provocare, generare

satisfactory - soddisfacente

"He's a comical old fellow," said Scrooge's nephew, "that's the truth; and not so pleasant as he might be. However, his offences carry their own punishment, and I have nothing to say against him."

comical - comico

offences - offesa

"I'm sure he is very rich, Fred," hinted Scrooge's niece. "At least, you always tell me so."

"What of that, my dear?" said Scrooge's nephew. "His wealth is of no use to him. He don't do any good with it. He don't make himself comfortable with it. He hasn't the satisfaction of thinking-ha, ha, ha!-that he is ever going to benefit Us with it."

satisfaction - soddisfazione

benefit - beneficio, aiuto, profitto, pagamento, sussidio, beneficiare

"I have no patience with him," observed Scrooge's niece.[69] Scrooge's niece's sisters, and all the other ladies, expressed the same opinion.

patience - pazienza

ladies - signora, dama, lady

"Oh, I have!" said Scrooge's nephew. "I am sorry for him; I couldn't be angry with him if I tried. Who suffers by his ill whims? Himself always. Here he takes it into his head to dislike us, and he won't come and dine with us. What's the consequence? He don't lose much of a dinner."

suffers - soffrire, penare, patire, aggravarsi, subire, lasciare

whims - capriccio

dislike - antipatia, avversione, non piacersi

consequence - conseguenza

"Indeed, I think he loses a very good dinner," interrupted Scrooge's niece. Everybody else said the same, and they must be allowed to have been competent judges, because they had just had dinner; and, with the dessert upon the table, were clustered round the fire, by lamp-light.

interrupted - interrompere, celare, ricoprire, tagliare

allowed - lasciare, permettere, concedere, consentire

competent - competente

judges - giudicare

dessert - dolce, dessert

"Well! I am very glad to hear it," said Scrooge's nephew, "because I haven't any great faith in these young housekeepers. What do you say, Topper?"

Faith - fede, fiducia

housekeepers - governante, casalinga

topper - cilindro, (top), cima, sommita, coperchio, cappuccio

Topper had clearly got his eye upon one of Scrooge's niece's sisters, for he answered that a bachelor was a wretched outcast, who had no right to express an opinion on the subject. Whereat Scrooge's niece's sister-the plump one with the lace tucker, not the one with the roses-blushed.

bachelor - scapolo, celibe, zito, zitello, baccelliere

outcast - reietto

whereat - Perché

plump - grassottello

lace - laccio, stringa

roses - Rosa

"Do go on, Fred," said Scrooge's niece, clapping her hands. "He never finishes what he begins to say! He is such a ridiculous fellow!"

Scrooge's nephew revelled in another laugh, and, as it was impossible to keep the infection off, though the plump sister tried hard to do it with aromatic vinegar, his example was unanimously followed.

revelled - divertirsi

aromatic vinegar - aceto aromatico

unanimously - unanimemente

"I was only going to say," said Scrooge's nephew, "that the consequence of his taking a dislike to us, and not making merry with us, is, as I think, that he loses some pleasant moments, which could do him no harm. I am sure he loses pleasanter companions than he can find in his own thoughts, either in his mouldy old office or his dusty chambers.

harm - danno, male, ferita, svantaggio, danneggiare

pleasanter - piacevole, gradito, gradevole

Companions - amico, compagno

mouldy - ammuffito, mucido

dusty - polveroso, impolverato

I mean to give him the same chance every year, whether he likes it or not, for I pity[70] him. He may rail at Christmas till he dies, but he can't help thinking better of it-I defy him-if he finds me going there in good temper, year after year, and saying, 'Uncle Scrooge, how are you?

rail - sbarra, asta, staccionata, parapetto

defy - sfidare, abiurare

going there - andare li

'If it only puts him in the vein to leave his poor clerk fifty pounds, that's something; and I think I shook him yesterday."

vein - vena, venatura

It was their turn to laugh, now, at the notion of his shaking Scrooge. But, being thoroughly good-natured, and not much caring what they laughed at, so that they laughed at any rate, he encouraged them in their merriment, and passed the bottle, joyously.

thoroughly - completamente, totalmente, assolutamente

good-natured - (good-natured) di buon carattere

laughed at - deriso

encouraged - incoraggiare, raccomandare, esortare, favorire

merriment - burla

joyously - con gioia

After tea they had some music. For they were a musical family, and knew what they were about when they sung a Glee or Catch, I can assure you: especially Topper, who could growl away in the bass like a good one, and never swell the large veins in his forehead, or get red in the face over it.

musical - musicale

catch - presa, conquista, fermaglio, fermaglio di sicurezza, trappola

assure - assicurare, garantire

bass - basso

swell - gonfiare, gonfiarsi, aumentare

veins - vena, venatura

Scrooge's niece played well upon the harp; and played, among other tunes, a simple little air (a mere nothing: you might learn to whistle it in two minutes), which had been familiar to the child who fetched Scrooge from the boarding-school, as he had been reminded by the Ghost of Christmas Past.

harp - arpa

tunes - melodia, composizione, regolazione, messa a punto, accordare

whistle - fischietto, fischio, checkfischio, fischiare

fetched - andare a prendere, portare

boarding-school - (boarding-school) collegio

reminded - ricordare

When this strain of music sounded, all the things that Ghost had shown him came upon his mind; he softened more and more; and thought that if he could have listened to it often, years ago, he might have cultivated the kindnesses of life for his own happiness with his own hands, without resorting to the sexton's spade that buried Jacob Marley.

strain - sforzare, sforzarsi, tirare

softened - ammorbidire, addolcire, rendere arrendevole, rendere malleabile

cultivated - coltivare

kindnesses - bonta, gentilezza, cortesia, garbo

resorting - ricorrere a, fare ricorso a

sexton - sagrestano, sacrestano

spade - vanga

But they didn't devote the whole evening to music. After awhile they played at forfeits; for it is good to be children sometimes, and never better than at Christmas, when its mighty Founder was a child himself. Stop! There was first a game at blindman's buff. Of course there was. And I no more believe Topper was really blind than I believe he had eyes in his boots.

devote - dedicare, consacrare

awhile - per un po'

Buff - (color) camoscio

My opinion is, that it was a done thing between him[71] and Scrooge's nephew; and that the Ghost of Christmas Present knew it. The way he went after that plump sister in the lace tucker was an outrage on the credulity of human nature. knocking down the fire-irons, tumbling over the chairs, bumping up against the piano, smothering himself amongst the curtains, wherever she went, there went he!

outrage - oltraggio, sdegno, indignazione, oltraggiare

knocking down - abbattere

irons - ferreo, ferroso, ferrico, inflessibile, stirare

bumping - colpetto, botta, bozzo, gnocco, protuberanza

smothering - soffocare, asfissiare

amongst - tra, in mezzo a

wherever - dovunque, ovunque 'followed by the subjunctive', dappertutto

He always knew where the plump sister was. He wouldn't catch anybody else. If you had fallen up against him (as some of them did) on purpose, he would have made a feint of endeavouring to seize you, which would have been an affront to your understanding, and would instantly have sidled off in the direction of the plump sister. She often cried out that it wasn't fair; and it really was not.

on purpose - di proposito

feint - finta

seize - prendere, afferrare, approfittare, sfruttare

affront - insultare, affronto

sidled - (camminare furtivamente)

direction - direzione, senso di marcia, regia, conduzione

But when, at last, he caught her; when, in spite of all her silken rustlings, and her rapid flutterings past him, he got her into a corner whence there was no escape, then his conduct was the most execrable.

silken - serico, setoso

rustlings - fruscii

flutterings - svolazzi

escape - scappare, fuggire, darsela a gambe, evitare, eludere

execrable - esecrabile

For his pretending not to know her; his pretending that it was necessary to touch her head-dress, and further to assure himself of her identity by pressing a certain ring upon her finger, and a certain chain about her neck, was vile, monstrous! No doubt she told him her opinion of it when, another blind man being in office, they were so very confidential together behind the curtains.

pretending - fingere, fare finta, far credere

identity - identita

pressing - urgente, imminente, pressante, insistente, persistente

ring - anello

finger - dito

vile - abietto, basso, ignobile

blind man - cieco

confidential - confidenziale, riservato

Scrooge's niece was not one of the blindman's buff party, but was made comfortable with a large chair and a footstool, in a snug corner where the Ghost and Scrooge were close behind her. But she joined in the forfeits, and loved her love to admiration with all the letters of the alphabet.

footstool - sgabello, poggiapiedi

alphabet - alfabeto

Likewise at the game of How, When, and Where, she was very great, and, to the secret joy of Scrooge's nephew, beat her sisters hollow: though they were sharp girls too, as Topper could have told you.

likewise - ugualmente, similarmente, altrettanto, idem

There might have been twenty people there, young and old, but they all played, and so did Scrooge; for, wholly forgetting, in the interest he had in what was going on, that his voice made no sound in their ears, he sometimes came out with his guess[72] quite loud, and very often guessed right, too, for the sharpest needle, best Whitechapel, warranted not to cut in the eye, was not sharper than Scrooge; blunt as he took it in his head to be.

wholly - del tutto

sharpest - affilato, aguzzo, intelligente, acuto, appuntito, diesis, acre

warranted - giustificare

sharper - piu nitida, (sharp), affilato, aguzzo, intelligente, acuto

blunt - smussato

The Ghost was greatly pleased to find him in this mood, and looked upon him with such favour, that he begged like a boy to be allowed to stay until the guests departed. But this the Spirit said could not be done.

mood - umore

departed - partire, andar via, allontanarsi, dipartire, deviare

"Here is a new game," said Scrooge. "One half-hour, Spirit, only one!"

It was a game called Yes and No, where Scrooge's nephew had to think of something, and the rest must find out what; he only answering to their questions yes or no, as the case was.

The brisk fire of questioning to which he was exposed elicited from him that he was thinking of an animal, a live animal, rather a disagreeable animal, a savage animal, an animal that growled and grunted sometimes, and talked sometimes, and lived in London, and walked about the streets, and wasn't made a show of, and wasn't led by anybody, and didn't live in a menagerie, and was never killed in a market, and was not a horse, or an ass, or a cow, or a bull, or a tiger, or a dog, or a pig, or a cat, or a bear. At every fresh question that was put to him, this nephew burst into a fresh roar of laughter; and was so inexpressibly tickled, that he was obliged to get up off the sofa, and stamp. At last the plump sister, falling into a similar state, cried out:

exposed - esporre, evidenziare, rivelare, mettere in luce

elicited - provocare, suscitare

disagreeable - sconveniente, antipatico, sgradevole

savage - selvaggio, primitivo, brutale, crudele, feroce, impietoso

grunted - grugnito, grugnire

menagerie - serraglio, recinto

killed - uccidere

Bull - maschio (dei grandi mammiferi), toro

tiger - tigre

burst - scoppiare, esplodere, strappare, separare, scoppio, esplosione

roar - ruggire, sganasciarsi dalle risate

tickled - solleticare, titillare

Stamp - conio, bollo, battere i piedi, pestare i piedi, stampare, timbrare, affrancare

"I have found it out! I know what it is, Fred! I know what it is!"

"What is it?" cried Fred.

"It's your uncle Scro-o-o-o-oge!"

oge - ordine del giorno

Which it certainly was. Admiration was the universal sentiment, though some objected that the reply to "Is it a bear?" ought to have been "Yes": inasmuch as an answer in the negative was sufficient to have diverted their thoughts from Mr. Scrooge, supposing they had ever had any tendency that way.[73]

sentiment - sentimento

reply - rispondere, replicare, ripetere, risposta, replica

diverted - deviare, distrarre, divertirsi, distrarsi

supposing - supporre, (suppose), immaginare

tendency - tendenza

"He has given us plenty of merriment, I am sure," said Fred, "and it would be ungrateful not to drink his health. Here is a glass of mulled wine ready to our hand at the moment; and I say, 'Uncle Scrooge!'"

ungrateful - ingrato, irriconoscente

mulled wine - vin brulé

"Well! Uncle Scrooge!" they cried.

"A merry Christmas and a happy New Year to the old man, whatever he is!" said Scrooge's nephew. "He wouldn't take it from me, but may he have it nevertheless. Uncle Scrooge!"

nevertheless - nondimeno, tuttavia, eppure, nonostante

Uncle Scrooge had imperceptibly become so gay and light of heart, that he would have pledged the unconscious company in return, and thanked them in an inaudible speech, if the Ghost had given him time. But the whole scene passed off in the breath of the last word spoken by his nephew; and he and the Spirit were again upon their travels.

imperceptibly - impercettibilmente

gay - gay, omosessuale

pledged - promettere, impegnarsi, promessa solenne, pegno

unconscious - svenuto, subconscio

inaudible - inudibile

Speech - parola, discorso

Much they saw, and far they went, and many homes they visited, but always with a happy end. The Spirit stood beside sick-beds, and they were cheerful; on foreign lands, and they were close at home; by struggling men, and they were patient in their greater hope; by poverty, and it was rich.

sick-beds - (sick-beds) letti di malattia

In almshouse, hospital, and gaol, in misery's every refuge, where vain man in his little brief authority had not made fast the door, and barred the Spirit out, he left his blessing, and taught Scrooge his precepts.

almshouse - ospizio

gaol - prigione

refuge - rifugio, riparo

authority - autorita

barred - barra, tavoletta, sbarra

blessing - benedizione

precepts - precetto

It was a long night, if it were only a night; but Scrooge had his doubts of this, because the Christmas holidays appeared to be condensed into the space of time they passed together. It was strange, too, that, while Scrooge remained unaltered in his outward form, the Ghost grew older, clearly older.

condensed - condensare, condensarsi

space of time - spazio di tempo

remained - stare, restare, rimanere

outward form - forma esteriore

Scrooge had observed this change, but never spoke of it, until they left a children's Twelfth-Night party, when, looking at the Spirit as they stood together in an open place, he noticed that its hair was grey.

stood together - stare insieme

noticed - percezione, notifica, avviso, comunicazione, preavviso, notare

"Are spirits'lives so short?" asked Scrooge.[74]

"My life upon this globe is very brief," replied the Ghost. "It ends to-night."

globe - globo

"To-night!" cried Scrooge.

"To-night at midnight. Hark! The time is drawing near."

Hark - Oyes

The chimes were ringing the three-quarters past eleven at that moment.

ringing - riecheggiamento, risuonamento, riecheggiare, risonanza

"Forgive me if I am not justified in what I ask," said Scrooge, looking intently at the Spirit's robe, "but I see something strange, and not belonging to yourself, protruding from your skirts. Is it a foot or a claw?"

intently - attentamente, meticolosamente, minuziosamente

protruding - protendersi, sportare, sporgere, protrudere

claw - artiglio

"It might be a claw, for the flesh there is upon it," was the Spirit's sorrowful reply. "look here."

flesh - carne

look here - guardare qui

From the foldings of its robe it brought two children; wretched, abject, frightful, hideous, miserable. They knelt down at its feet, and clung upon the outside of its garment.

foldings - piegare

abject - abietto, miserabile

hideous - orribile, orrendo, talian: t-needed

miserable - infelice

knelt - inginocchiarsi

clung - aggrapparsi, aderire

"Oh, Man! look here! Look, look, down here!" exclaimed the Ghost.

They were a boy and girl. Yellow, meagre, ragged, scowling, wolfish; but prostrate, too, in their humility. Where graceful youth should have filled their features out, and touched them with its freshest tints, a stale and shrivelled hand, like that of age, had pinched, and twisted them, and pulled them into shreds. Where angels might have sat enthroned, devils lurked, and glared out menacing.

scowling - accigliato

wolfish - lupoide

prostrate - prostrato

youth - gioventu, giovinezza, giovane, giovanotto, ragazzo

freshest - fresco

tints - tinta, sfumatura

stale - stantio, vecchio

pinched - pizzicare, acciuffare, pizzico

twisted - torsione, contorsione, distorsione, filamento, filo, scorza

shreds - brandello

angels - angelo

enthroned - incoronare

devils - diavolo

lurked - appostarsi, acquattarsi, celarsi

menacing - minaccia

No change, no degradation, no perversion of humanity, in any grade, through all the mysteries of wonderful creation, has monsters half so horrible and dread.

degradation - abiezione

perversion - perversione

humanity - umanita, benevolenza

grade - voto, livello, grado di pendenza, pendenza, classe, scuola

mysteries - mistero, arcano, enigma

monsters - mostro

Scrooge started back, appalled. Having them shown to him in this way, he tried to say they were fine children, but the words choked themselves, rather than be parties to a lie of such enormous magnitude.

appalled - spaventare

enormous - enorme, grandissimo, vasto, smisurato

magnitude - vastita, magnitudine, module, magnitudo

"Spirit! are they yours?" Scrooge could say no more.

"They are Man's," said the Spirit, looking down upon them. "And they cling to me, appealing from their fathers. This boy is Ignorance. This girl is Want. Beware of them both, and[75] all of their degree, but most of all beware this boy, for on his brow I see that written which is Doom, unless the writing be erased. deny it!" cried the Spirit, stretching out its hand towards the city.

cling to - aggrapparsi

appealing - fare appello, ricorrere

ignorance - ignoranza

Beware - temere, guardarsi, fare attenzione

doom - sentenza, giudizio, decisione, penalita

Unless - a meno che, se non

erased - epoche

deny - negare

stretching - tendere

"Slander those who tell it ye! Admit it for your factious purposes, and make it worse! And bide the end!"

Slander - calunnia, diffamazione, maldicenza, chiacchiera

admit - far entrare, ammettere, riconoscere, ricoverare

factious - fazioso

bide - attendere il momento opportuno

"Have they no refuge or resource?" cried Scrooge.

resource - risorsa

"Are there no prisons?" said the Spirit, turning on him for the last time with his own words. "Are there no workhouses?"

turning on - accendere

The bell struck Twelve.

Scrooge looked about him for the Ghost, and saw it not. As the last stroke ceased to vibrate, he remembered the prediction of old Jacob Marley, and, lifting up his eyes, beheld a solemn Phantom, draped and hooded, coming like a mist along the ground towards him.[76]

prediction - predizione, previsione

beheld - guardare, ecco

draped - drappeggio


The Phantom slowly, gravely, silently approached. When it came near him, Scrooge bent down upon his knee; for in the very air through which this Spirit moved it seemed to scatter gloom and mystery.

gravely - gravemente

silently - silenziosamente

Scatter - disperdere, disperdersi, sparpagliare, cospargere, deflettere

mystery - mistero, arcano, enigma

It was shrouded in a deep black garment, which concealed its head, its face, its form, and left nothing of it visible, save one outstretched hand. But for this, it would have been difficult to detach its figure from the night, and separate it from the darkness by which it was surrounded.

shrouded - sindone, (lenzuolo funebre)

deep black - nero profondo

outstretched - allungare

been difficult - e stato difficile

detach - staccare

He felt that it was tall and stately when it came beside him, and that its mysterious presence filled him with a solemn dread. He knew no more, for the Spirit neither spoke nor moved.

stately - prestante

mysterious - misterioso, ignoto

presence - presenza

neither - nessuno, né X né Y, neanche, nemmeno, neppure, manco

"I am in the presence of the Ghost of Christmas Yet to Come?" said Scrooge.

The Spirit answered not, but pointed onward with its hand.

onward - in avanti, in poi

"You are about to show me shadows of the things that have not happened, but will happen in the time before us," Scrooge pursued. "Is that so, Spirit?"

The upper portion of the garment was contracted for an instant in its folds, as if the Spirit had inclined its head. That was the only answer he received.

portion - porzione

contracted - contrarre

Although well used to ghostly company by this time, Scrooge feared the silent shape so much that his legs trembled beneath him, and he found that he could hardly stand when he prepared to follow it. The Spirit paused a moment, as observing his condition, and giving him time to recover.[77]

feared - temere

silent - silenzioso, muto, silente, tranquillo, silenzio

hardly - aspramente, appena, quasi, checkmica

paused - mettere in pausa, pausa

recover - rimettersi, riprendersi

But Scrooge was all the worse for this. It thrilled him with a vague uncertain horror to know that, behind the dusky shroud, there were ghostly eyes intently fixed upon him, while he, though he stretched his own to the utmost, could see nothing but a spectral hand and one great heap of black.

thrilled - eccitare, elettrizzare

vague - vago

uncertain - incerto

shroud - sindone, (lenzuolo funebre)

stretched - tendere

utmost - estremo, massimo

spectral - spettrale

heap - folla, massa, moltitudine, pila, cumulo

"Ghost of the Future!" he exclaimed, "I fear you more than any spectre I have seen. But, as I know your purpose is to do me good, and as I hope to live to be another man from what I was, I am prepared to bear you company, and do it with a thankful heart. Will you not speak to me?"

thankful - riconoscente, grato

It gave him no reply. The hand was pointed straight before them.

"Lead on!" said Scrooge. "Lead on! The night is waning fast, and it is precious time to me, I know. Lead on, Spirit!"

lead - condurre, portare

waning - calante

The phantom moved away as it had come towards him. Scrooge followed in the shadow of its dress, which bore him up, he thought, and carried him along.

moved away - allontanarsi

They scarcely seemed to enter the City; for the City rather seemed to spring up about them, and encompass them of its own act.

spring up - sorgere,crescere, rimbalzare

encompass - circondare, racchiudere, comprendere, includere, circoscrivere

But there they were in the heart of it; on 'Change, amongst the merchants; who hurried up and down, and chinked the money in their pockets, and conversed in groups, and looked at their watches, and trifled thoughtfully with their great gold seals; and so forth, as Scrooge had seen them often.

merchants - mercante, mercantessa, commerciante, negoziante

chinked - fessura

conversed - conversare

in groups - in gruppi

Seals - sigillo, timbro

The Spirit stopped beside one little knot of business men. Observing that the hand was pointed to them, Scrooge advanced to listen to their talk.

knot - nodo

"No," said a great fat man with a monstrous chin, "I don't know much about it either way. I only know he's dead."

"When did he die?" inquired another.

"Last night, I believe."

"Why, what was the matter with him?" asked a third, taking a vast quantity of snuff out of a very large snuff-box. "I thought he'd never die."[78]

snuff - tabacco da fiuto

"God knows," said the first with a yawn.

yawn - sbadigliare, sbadiglio

"What has he done with his money?" asked a red-faced gentleman with a pendulous excrescence on the end of his nose, that shook like the gills of a turkey-cock.

pendulous - pendente

excrescence - escrescenza

gills - branchia

"I haven't heard," said the man with the large chin, yawning again. "Left it to his company, perhaps. He hasn't left it to me. That's all I know."

yawning - sbadigliare, (yawn), sbadiglio

This pleasantry was received with a general laugh.

pleasantry - piacevolezza

"It's likely to be a very cheap funeral," said the same speaker; "for, Upon my life, I don't know of anybody to go to it. Suppose we make up a party, and volunteer?"

Upon my life - Sulla mia vita

volunteer - volontario, volontaria, offrirsi, offrirsi volontario

"I don't mind going if a lunch is provided," observed the gentleman with the excrescence on his nose. "But I must be fed if I make one."

fed - alimentato

Another laugh.

"Well, I am the most disinterested among you, after all," said the first speaker, "for I never wear black gloves, and I never eat lunch. But I'll offer to go if anybody else will. When I come to think of it, I'm not at all sure that I wasn't his most particular friend; for we used to stop and speak whenever we met. Bye, bye!"

disinterested - disinteresse

gloves - guanto

most particular - piu particolare

Speakers and listeners strolled away, and mixed with other groups. Scrooge knew the men, and looked towards the Spirit for an explanation.

speakers - parlante, altoparlante, presidente, presidentessa, relatore

listeners - ascoltatore, ascoltatrice, uditore, uditrice

strolled - passeggiata, camminata, passeggiare, andare a spasso, girovagare

mixed - mescolare, mischiare

The Phantom glided on into a street. Its finger pointed to two persons meeting. Scrooge listened again, thinking that the explanation might lie here.

glided - scivolare, slittare, scorrere, muoversi con fluidita, planare

He knew these men, also, perfectly. They were men of business: very wealthy, and of great importance. He had made a point always of standing well in their esteem: in a business point of view, that is; strictly in a business point of view.

wealthy - benestante, abbiente, agiato, facoltoso

importance - importanza

esteem - stima

view - vista, veduta, visualizzazione, visione, opinione

strictly - strettamente, severamente, rigidamente, prettamente

"How are you?" said one.

"How are you?" returned the other.[79]

"Well!" said the first. "Old Scratch has got his own at last, hey?"

scratch - grattare, graffiare, raspare, obliterare, graffio

"So I am told," returned the second. "Cold, isn't it?"

isn't it? - Non e vero?

"Seasonable for Christmas-time. You are not a skater, I suppose?"

skater - pattinatore, pattinatrice

"No. No. Something else to think of. Good morning!"

Not another word. That was their meeting, their conversation, and their parting.

Scrooge was at first inclined to be surprised that the Spirit should attach importance to conversations apparently so trivial; but, feeling assured that they must have some hidden purpose, he set himself to consider what it was likely to be. They could scarcely be supposed to have any bearing on the death of Jacob, his old partner, for that was Past, and this Ghost's province was the Future.

attach importance - attribuire importanza

apparently - chiaramente, evidentemente, apparentemente, sembra che

trivial - insignificante, trascurabile, banale, ordinario

assured - assicurato, (assure), assicurare, garantire

hidden - nascondere, nascondersi

Consider - considerare, pensare, osservare, prendere, prestare attenzione

be supposed to - essere tenuto a

bearing - cuscinetto

province - provincia

Nor could he think of any one immediately connected with himself, to whom he could apply them. But nothing doubting that, to whomsoever they applied, they had some latent moral for his own improvement, he resolved to treasure up every word he heard, and everything he saw; and especially to observe the shadow of himself when it appeared.

doubting - dubitare, (doubt), dubbio, perplessita

whomsoever - chi

applied - applicare

moral - morale

improvement - miglioramento, salto di qualita

treasure - tesoro, apprezzare

For he had an expectation that the conduct of his future self would give him the clue he missed, and would render the solution of these riddles easy.

clue - indizio, pista, prova

solution - soluzione, risoluzione, pagamento

riddles - indovinello

He looked about in that very place for his own image, but another man stood in his accustomed corner, and, though the clock pointed to his usual time of day for being there, he saw no likeness of himself among the multitudes that poured in through the Porch.

image - immagine

accustomed - assuefarsi, abituarsi, adattarsi, familiarizzare

likeness - somiglianza

multitudes - moltitudine, folla

poured in - versare (dentro)

porch - veranda, portico

It gave him little surprise, however; for he had been revolving in his mind a change of life, and thought and hoped he saw his new-born resolutions carried out in this.

revolving - girevole, (revolve), orbitare, ruotare, ricorrere

new-born - (new-born) neonato

resolutions - determinazione, risolutezza, promessa, definizione, risoluzione

Quiet and dark, beside him stood the Phantom, with its outstretched hand. When he roused himself from his thoughtful quest, he fancied, from the turn of the hand, and its situa[80]tion in reference to himself, that the Unseen Eyes were looking at him keenly. It made him shudder, and feel very cold.

roused - svegliare

quest - ricerca

fancied - capriccio

reference - riferimento

unseen - non visto

shudder - brivido, sussulto, tremolio, tremare

They left the busy scene, and went into an obscure part of the town, where Scrooge had never penetrated before, although he recognised its situation and its bad repute. The ways were foul and narrow; the shops and houses wretched; the people half naked, drunken, slipshod, ugly.

obscure - oscuro, nascosto, oscurato, confuso, poco chiaro, vago

penetrated - penetrare

recognised - riconoscere

repute - rinomanza

half naked - mezzo nudo

drunken - ubriaco

slipshod - sciatto

ugly - brutto, sgradevole

Alleys and archways, like so many cesspools, disgorged their offences of smell, and dirt, and life upon the straggling streets; and the whole quarter reeked with crime, with filth and misery.

alleys - vicolo

archways - arco

cesspools - pozzo nero, fossa biologica, fogna, cesso alla turca

disgorged - vomitare

dirt - sudiciume, terra, sporco

straggling - sbandati, (straggle), distaccarsi, disperdersi, girovagare

reeked - puzzo

crime - crimine, delitto, reato, criminalita

filth - sporcizia, sporco

Far in this den of infamous resort, there was a low-browed, beetling shop, below a pent-house roof, where iron, old rags, bottles, bones, and greasy offal were bought. Upon the floor within were piled up heaps of rusty keys, nails, chains, hinges, files, scales, weights, and refuse iron of all kinds.

den - tana

infamous - famigerato

resort - ricorrere a, fare ricorso a

browed - broccato

beetling - scarabeo

rags - straccio

greasy - viscido

offal - frattaglie

piled up - accumulare

rusty - arrugginito

nails - unghia

hinges - cerniera, cardine

files - fila

weights - peso, appesantire, gravare, ponderare

refuse - rifiutare

Secrets that few would like to scrutinise were bred and hidden in mountains of unseemly rags, masses of corrupted fat, and sepulchres of bones.

scrutinise - scrutinare

unseemly - inappropriato, indecoroso, indicibile, irripetibile

masses - people, especially a large number

corrupted - corrotto, corrompere

sepulchres - sepolcro

Sitting in among the wares he dealt in, by a charcoal stove made of old bricks, was a grey-haired rascal, nearly seventy years of age, who had screened himself from the cold air without by a frouzy curtaining of miscellaneous tatters hung upon a line, and smoked his pipe in all the luxury of calm retirement.

wares - merce

dealt - accordo

charcoal - carbone, carbonella, antracite

stove - stufa, fornello, (stave), doga, piolo, strofa, pentagramma

bricks - mattone, laterizio, tegola

haired - capelli

rascal - briccone, canaglia, manigoldo

screened - paravento, schermo, cernere, censurare, schermare

cold air - aria fredda

curtaining - tenda, tappezzeria, drappo, drappeggio

miscellaneous - miscellaneo, eterogeneo

tatters - stracci

pipe - cornamusa, canna d'organo, condotto, tubo, pipe, barra verticale

luxury - lusso

Calm - calmo

retirement - pensionamento

Scrooge and the Phantom came into the presence of this man, just as a woman with a heavy bundle slunk into the shop. But she had scarcely entered, when another woman, similarly laden, came in too, and she was closely followed by a man in faded black, who was no less startled by the sight of them than they had been upon the recognition of each other.

bundle - insieme, fascina, fascio, pacchetto, fagotto

slunk - sgattaiolare

similarly - similarmente, similmente

recognition - riconoscimento

After a short period of blank astonishment, in which the old man with the pipe had joined them, they all three burst into a laugh.

blank astonishment - stupore vuoto

"Let the charwoman alone to be the first!" cried she who had entered first. "Let the laundress alone to be the second; and let the undertaker's man alone to be the third. Look here,[81] old Joe, here's a chance! If we haven't all three met here without meaning it!"

charwoman - donna di charme

Joe - Pino, Peppe, Beppe, Peppino

"You couldn't have met in a better place," said old Joe, removing his pipe from his mouth. "Come into the parlour. You were made free of it long ago, you know; and the other two an't strangers. Stop till I shut the door of the shop. Ah! How it skreeks! There an't such a rusty bit of metal in the place as its own hinges, I believe; and I'm sure there's no such old bones here as mine. Ha! ha!

removing - rimuovere, asportare, levare, togliere

strangers - estraneo

skreeks - ordine del giorno

metal - metallo

We're all suitable to our calling, we're well matched. Come into the parlour. Come into the parlour."

suitable - adatto, idoneo, rispondente, confacente

matched - fiammifero

The parlour was the space behind the screen of rags. The old man raked the fire together with an old stair-rod, and, having trimmed his smoky lamp (for it was night) with the stem of his pipe, put it into his mouth again.

screen - paravento, schermo, cernere, censurare, schermare

raked - rastrello

smoky - fumoso

stem - gambo, stelo

While he did this, the woman who had already spoken threw her bundle on the floor, and sat down in a flaunting manner on a stool; crossing her elbows on her knees, and looking with a bold defiance at the other two.

flaunting - ostentare

Crossing - incrocio, traversata, (cross), croce, segno della croce, cross, diagonale, irritato

elbows - gomito, raccordo, gomitata, sgomitare

defiance - sfida

"What odds, then? What odds, Mrs. Dilber?" said the woman. "Every person has a right to take care of themselves. He always did!"

odds - spaiato, strano, strambo, dispari, caffo, occasionale

"That's true, indeed!" said the laundress. "No man more so."

That's true - E vero

"Why, then, don't stand staring as if you was afraid, woman! Who's the wiser? We're not going to pick holes in each other's coats, I suppose?"

wiser - saggio

pick - piccone, stuzzicadenti, scelta, barriera, prendere, raccogliere, scegliere

holes - buco

"No, indeed!" said Mrs. Dilber and the man together. "We should hope not."

"Very well, then!" cried the woman. "That's enough. Who's the worse for the loss of a few things like these? Not a dead man, I suppose?"

Loss - perdita

"No, indeed," said Mrs. Dilber, laughing.

"If he wanted to keep 'em after he was dead, a wicked old[82] screw," pursued the woman, "why wasn't he natural in his lifetime? If he had been, he'd have had somebody to look after him when he was struck with Death, instead of lying gasping out his last there, alone by himself."

lifetime - durata, vita utile, vita, un'eternita

look after - prendersi cura di

"It's the truest word that ever was spoke," said Mrs. Dilber, "It's a judgment on him."

judgment - giudizio, sentenza, verdetto, pronuncia

"I wish it was a little heavier judgment," replied the woman; "and it should have been, you may depend upon it, if I could have laid my hands on anything else. Open that bundle, old Joe, and let me know the value of it. Speak out plain. I'm not afraid to be the first, nor afraid for them to see it. We knew pretty well that we were helping ourselves before we met here, I believe. It's no sin.

Depend - dipendere, fare affidamento

ourselves - noi stessi

sin - peccato

Open the bundle, Joe."

But the gallantry of her friends would not allow of this; and the man in faded black, mounting the breach first, produced his plunder. It was not extensive. A seal or two, a pencil-case, a pair of sleeve-buttons, and a brooch of no great value, were all.

gallantry - galanteria

allow of - permettere

breach - breccia, infrazione, violazione

plunder - saccheggiare, depredare, fare man bassa, razziare, rapinare

extensive - vasto, molto, estenso, esteso

seal - sigillo

pencil-case - (pencil-case) astuccio per matite

brooch - spilla

They were severally examined and appraised by old Joe, who chalked the sums he was disposed to give for each upon the wall, and added them up into a total when he found that there was nothing more to come.

severally - separatamente

appraised - valutare

chalked - gesso, creta, gessetto

sums - somma

disposed - eliminare, disporre, mettere, depositare, distribuire

Total - totale, somma, intero

"That's your account," said Joe, "and I wouldn't give another sixpence, if I was to be boiled for not doing it. Who's next?"

account - conto

Mrs. Dilber was next. Sheets and towels, a little wearing apparel, two old-fashioned silver tea-spoons, a pair of sugar-tongs, and a few boots. Her account was stated on the wall in the same manner.

sheets - foglio, talian: teglia da forno g, talian: foglio g, ('of metal also') lamiera g, ('of ice, stone, marble') lastra g, scotta

towels - asciugamano

apparel - abbigliamento

old-fashioned - (old-fashioned) vecchio stile

stated - stato, dichiarare, statuire, esporre, indicare

wall in - murare

"I always give too much to ladies. It's a weakness of mine, and that's the way I ruin myself," said old Joe. "That's your account. If you asked me for another penny, and made it an open question, I'd repent of being so liberal, and knock off half-a-crown."

weakness - debolezza, cagionevolezza, fievolezza, punto debole

ruin - rovina, rovinare

repent - pentirsi

liberal - liberale

knock off - finire un lavoro, uccidere qualcuno

"And now undo my bundle, Joe," said the first woman.[83]

undo - disfare

Joe went down on his knees for the greater convenience of opening it, and, having unfastened a great many knots, dragged out a large heavy roll of some dark stuff.

convenience - conveniente, comodita, a tempo debito, bagno pubblico

unfastened - sciogliere, svergare

knots - nodo

dragged - trascinare, tirare

roll - rotolo

"What do you call this?" said Joe. "Bed-curtains?"

"Ah!" returned the woman, laughing and leaning forward on her crossed arms. "Bed-curtains!"

forward - avanti, in avanti

crossed - croce, segno della croce, incrocio, cross, diagonale, irritato

"You don't mean to say you took 'em down, rings and all, with him lying there?" said Joe.

rings - anello

"Yes, I do," replied the woman. "Why not?"

"You were born to make your fortune," said Joe, "and you'll certainly do it."

"I certainly shan't hold my hand, when I can get anything in it by reaching it out, for the sake of such a man as He was, I promise you, Joe," returned the woman coolly. "Don't drop that oil upon the blankets, now."

reaching - arrivare a, raggiungere

coolly - freddamente

drop - goccia

oil - olio

blankets - coperta, coltre, mantello

"His blankets?" asked Joe.

"Whose else's do you think?" replied the woman. "He isn't likely to take cold without 'em, I dare say."

"I hope he didn't die of anything catching? Eh?" said old Joe, stopping in his work, and looking up.

eh - eh

"Don't you be afraid of that," returned the woman. "I an't so fond of his company that I'd loiter about him for such things, if he did. Ah! You may look through that shirt till your eyes ache; but you won't find a hole in it, nor a threadbare place. It's the best he had, and a fine one too. They'd have wasted it, if it hadn't been for me."

fond - tenero

loiter - bighellonare, attardarsi, aggirarsi, gironzolare

look through - guardare attraverso

ache - dolore

wasted - sprecare

"What do you call wasting of it?" asked old Joe.

wasting - spreco

"Putting it on him to be buried in, to be sure," replied the woman with a laugh. "Somebody was fool enough to do it, but I took it off again. If calico an't good enough for such a purpose, it isn't good enough for anything. It's quite as becoming to the body. He can't look uglier than he did in that one."

fool - stolto, buffone, giullare, pagliaccio, buffone di corte, matto

calico - calico

uglier - mapo

Scrooge listened to this dialogue in horror. As they sat[84] grouped about their spoil, in the scanty light afforded by the old man's lamp, he viewed them with a detestation and disgust which could hardly have been greater, though they had been obscene demons, marketing the corpse itself.

spoil - rovinare, viziare, andare a male, bottino

afforded - permettersi

detestation - detestazione

disgust - disgustare, ripugnare, nauseare, stomacare

obscene - osceno, disdicevole, immorale, indecente

demons - demone, demonio, talian: Il Demonio g

corpse - cadavere, corpo

"Ha, ha!" laughed the same woman when old Joe, producing a flannel bag with money in it, told out their several gains upon the ground. "This is the end of it, you see! He frightened every one away from him when he was alive, to profit us when he was dead! Ha, ha, ha!"

producing - produrre, realizzare, fornire, prodotto, prodotti

flannel - flanella

gains - acquistare, conseguire

frightened - spaurire, spaventare

"Spirit!" said Scrooge, shuddering from head to foot. "I see, I see. The case of this unhappy man might be my own. My life tends that way now. Merciful Heaven, what is this?"

shuddering - rabbrividire, (shudder), brivido, sussulto, tremolio, tremare

tends - badare a, custodire

merciful - misericordioso

He recoiled in terror, for the scene had changed, and now he almost touched a bed: a bare, uncurtained bed: on which, beneath a ragged sheet, there lay a something covered up, which, though it was dumb, announced itself in awful language.

recoiled - rinculo, ritrarsi, rinculare

uncurtained - non si chiudono le tende

covered up - coperto

dumb - muto

announced - annunciare, segnalare, pronunciare

The room was very dark, too dark to be observed with any accuracy, though Scrooge glanced round it in obedience to a secret impulse, anxious to know what kind of room it was. A pale light, rising in the outer air, fell straight upon the bed: and on it, plundered and bereft, unwatched, unwept, uncared for, was the body of this man.

accuracy - esattezza, precisione, accuratezza, acribia

impulse - impulso, aire, slancio, abbrivo

anxious - ansioso, preoccupante, bramoso, impaziente

rising - in aumento

outer air - aria esterna

bereft - deprivato, orbato, (bereave), privare

unwatched - non guardato

unwept - non drogato

uncared - non curato

Scrooge glanced towards the Phantom. Its steady hand was pointed to the head. The cover was so carelessly adjusted that the slightest raising of it, the motion of a finger upon Scrooge's part, would have disclosed the face. He thought of it, felt how easy it would be to do, and longed to do it; but had no more power to withdraw the veil than to dismiss the spectre at his side.

steady - fermo, saldo, fidato, sicuro, costante

cover - copertura, copertina, copriletto

carelessly - con noncuranza

slightest - insignificante, leggero, debole, lieve, disprezzare, sminuire

withdraw - ritirare, ritirarsi

veil - velo

dismiss - licenziare, congedare, mandare via, dimettere, rompere le righe

Oh, cold, cold, rigid, dreadful Death, set up thine altar here, and dress it with such terrors as thou hast at thy command: for this is thy dominion! But of the loved, revered, and honoured head thou canst not turn one hair to thy dread purposes, or make one feature odious.

thine - tuo, tua, tuoi, tue, il tuo -s

altar - altare

terrors - terrore

thou - tu

thy - tuo, tua, tuoi, tue

Command - comando, ordine, padronanza, maestria, perizia, ordinare

dominion - dominio

revered - riverire, venerare

honoured - onore

canst - ordine del giorno

feature - caratteristica

It is not that the hand is heavy, and[85] will fall down when released; it is not that the heart and pulse are still; but that the hand WAS open, generous, and true; the heart brave, warm, and tender; and the pulse a man's. Strike, Shadow, strike! And see his good deeds springing from the wound, to sow the world with life immortal!

fall down - cadere

pulse - polso

tender - tenero

strike - cancellare, colpire, coniare, scioperare, sembrare, arrendersi, sciopero

good deeds - buone azioni

sow - seminare

No voice pronounced these words in Scrooge's ears, and yet he heard them when he looked upon the bed. He thought, if this man could be raised up now, what would be his foremost thoughts? Avarice, hard dealing, griping cares? They have brought him to a rich end, truly!

pronounced - dichiarare, emettere, pronunziare, pronunciare

foremost - primo, piu importante

griping - lamentarsi

truly - accuratamente, veramente, molto

He lay, in the dark, empty house, with not a man, a woman, or a child to say he was kind to me in this or that, and for the memory of one kind word I will be kind to him. A cat was tearing at the door, and there was a sound of gnawing rats beneath the hearth-stone. What they wanted in the room of death, and why they were so restless and disturbed, Scrooge did not dare to think.

gnawing - tormentoso, (gnaw), rodere, rosicchiare, mordicchiare, rosicare

rats - ratto

"Spirit!" he said, "this is a fearful place. In leaving it, I shall not leave its lesson, trust me. Let us go!"

fearful - impaurito, spaventato, pavido

trust - fiducia, confidenza, speranza, credito, affidabilita, trust

Still the Ghost pointed with an unmoved finger to the head.

unmoved - impassibile, freddo

"I understand you," Scrooge returned, "and I would do it if I could. But I have not the power, Spirit. I have not the power."

Again it seemed to look upon him.

"If there is any person in the town who feels emotion caused by this man's death," said Scrooge, quite agonised, "show that person to me, Spirit! I beseech you."

caused - causa, provocare, causare, produrre, ottenere

agonised - agonizzare

beseech - supplicare, implorare

The Phantom spread its dark robe before him for a moment, like a wing; and, withdrawing it, revealed a room by daylight, where a mother and her children were.

withdrawing - ritirare, ritirarsi

revealed - rivelare, gettare la maschera, uscire allo scoperto

daylight - luce del giorno

She was expecting some one, and with anxious eagerness; for she walked up and down the room; started at every sound; looked out from the window; glanced at the clock; tried, but in[86] vain, to work with her needle; and could hardly bear the voices of her children in their play.

At length the long-expected knock was heard. She hurried to the door, and met her husband; a man whose face was careworn and depressed, though he was young. There was a remarkable expression in it now; a kind of serious delight of which he felt ashamed, and which he struggled to repress.

knock - colpo, botta, botto, autocombustione, bussare

careworn - consumato dalla cura

depressed - deprimere

serious - serio, grave, critico

felt ashamed - vergognarsi

struggled - lotta, lottare

repress - reprimere

He sat down to the dinner that had been hoarding for him by the fire, and, when she asked him faintly what news (which was not until after a long silence), he appeared embarrassed how to answer.

hoarding - palizzata

embarrassed - imbarazzare, mettere in imbarazzo

"Is it good," she said, "or bad?" to help him.

"Bad," he answered.

"We are quite ruined?"

ruined - rovina, rovinare

"No. There is hope yet, Caroline."

"If he relents," she said, amazed, "there is! Nothing is past hope, if such a miracle has happened."

relents - cedere, placare

amazed - sorprendere

miracle - miracolo

"He is past relenting," said her husband. "He is dead."

relenting - cedere, (relent), placare

She was a mild and patient creature, if her face spoke truth; but she was thankful in her soul to hear it, and she said so with clasped hands. She prayed forgiveness the next moment, and was sorry; but the first was the emotion of her heart.

prayed - pregare

forgiveness - perdono

"What the half-drunken woman, whom I told you of last night, said to me when I tried to see him and obtain a week's delay, and what I thought was a mere excuse to avoid me, turns out to have been quite true. He was not only very ill, but dying, then."

obtain - ottenere, riuscire, avere, stabilirsi

delay - ritardare

avoid - schivare, evitare

"To whom will our debt be transferred?"

debt - debito, obbligo, impegno, buffo

transferred - trasferire, decalcare, ricalcare, trasferirsi, passare

"I don't know. But, before that time, we shall be ready with the money; and, even though we were not, it would be bad fortune indeed to find so merciless a creditor in his successor. We may sleep to-night with light hearts, Caroline!"

merciless - spietato, crudele

creditor - creditore, creditrice

successor - successore, succeditrice, erede

Yes. Soften it as they would, their hearts were lighter. The children's faces, hushed and clustered round to hear what[87] they so little understood, were brighter; and it was a happier house for this man's death! The only emotion that the Ghost could show him, caused by the event, was one of pleasure.

soften - ammorbidire, addolcire, rendere arrendevole, rendere malleabile

hushed - zitto!, silenzio!

brighter - luminoso, brillante

"Let me see some tenderness connected with a death," said Scrooge; "or that dark chamber, Spirit, which we left just now, will be for ever present to me."

The Ghost conducted him through several streets familiar to his feet; and, as they went along, Scrooge looked here and there to find himself, but nowhere was he to be seen. They entered poor Bob Cratchit's house,-the dwelling he had visited before,-and found the mother and the children seated round the fire.

looked here - guardare qui

nowhere - da nessuna parte, in nessun posto

seated - posto, seduta, sedile, scranno

Quiet. Very quiet. The noisy little Cratchits were as still as statues in one corner, and sat looking up at Peter, who had a book before him. The mother and her daughters were engaged in sewing. But surely they were very quiet!

noisy - rumoroso, chiassoso

statues - statua

sewing - cucire

"'And he took a child, and set him in the midst of them.'"

midst - in mezzo a*

Where had Scrooge heard those words? He had not dreamed them. The boy must have read them out, as he and the Spirit crossed the threshold. Why did he not go on?

dreamed - sogno, sognare

The mother laid her work upon the table, and put her hand up to her face.

"The colour hurts my eyes," she said.

hurts - dolere, fare male, ferire, ferito

The colour? Ah, poor Tiny Tim!

"They're better now again," said Cratchit's wife. "It makes them weak by candle-light; and I wouldn't show weak eyes to your father, when he comes home, for the world. It must be near his time."

"Past it rather," Peter answered, shutting up his book. "But I think he has walked a little slower than he used, these few last evenings, mother."

They were very quiet again. At last she said, and in a steady, cheerful voice, that only faltered once:[88]

"I have known him walk with-I have known him walk with Tiny Tim upon his shoulder very fast indeed."

"And so have I," cried Peter. "Often."

"And so have I," exclaimed another. So had all.

"But he was very light to carry," she resumed, intent upon her work, "and his father loved him so, that it was no trouble: no trouble. And there is your father at the door!"

She hurried out to meet him; and little Bob in his comforter-he had need of it, poor fellow-came in. His tea was ready for him on the hob, and they all tried who should help him to it most. Then the two young Cratchits got upon his knees, and laid, each child, a little cheek against his face, as if they said, "Don't mind it, father. Don't be grieved!"

grieved - affliggersi, rattristarsi

Bob was very cheerful with them, and spoke pleasantly to all the family. He looked at the work upon the table, and praised the industry and speed of Mrs. Cratchit and the girls. They would be done long before Sunday, he said.

pleasantly - dilettosamente

Praised - elogio, lode, complimento, adorazione, gloria

Speed - velocita

"Sunday! You went to-day, then, Robert?" said his wife.

"Yes, my dear," returned Bob. "I wish you could have gone. It would have done you good to see how green a place it is. But you'll see it often. I promised him that I would walk there on a Sunday. My little, little child!" cried Bob. "My little child!"

He broke down all at once. He couldn't help it. If he could have helped it, he and his child would have been farther apart, perhaps, than they were.

broke down - si e rotto

He left the room, and went up-stairs into the room above, which was lighted cheerfully, and hung with Christmas. There was a chair set close beside the child, and there were signs of some one having been there lately. Poor Bob sat down in it, and, when he had thought a little and composed himself, he kissed the little face. He was reconciled to what had happened, and went down again quite happy.

cheerfully - allegramente

lately - Ultimamente

composed - showing composure

reconciled - riconciliare, rappacificare, riunire

They drew about the fire, and talked; the girls and mother[89] working still. Bob told them of the extraordinary kindness of Mr. Scrooge's nephew, whom he had scarcely seen but once, and who, meeting him in the street that day, and seeing that he looked a little-"just a little down, you know," said Bob, inquired what had happened to distress him.

kindness - bonta, gentilezza, cortesia, garbo

distress - angoscia, pena, miseria, sconforto, pericolo

"On which," said Bob, "for he is the pleasantest-spoken gentleman you ever heard, I told him. 'I am heartily sorry for it, Mr. Cratchit,'he said, 'and heartily sorry for your good wife.'By-the-bye, how he ever knew that I don't know."

pleasantest - piacevole, gradito, gradevole

"Knew what, my dear?"

"Why, that you were a good wife," replied Bob.

"Everybody knows that," said Peter.

"Very well observed, my boy!" cried Bob. "I hope they do. 'Heartily sorry,'he said, 'for your good wife. If I can be of service to you in any way,'he said, giving me his card, 'that's where I live. Pray come to me.'Now, it wasn't," cried Bob, "for the sake of anything he might be able to do for us, so much as for his kind way, that this was quite delightful.

delightful - delizioso

It really seemed as if he had known our Tiny Tim, and felt with us."

felt with - sentirsi con

"I'm sure he's a good soul!" said Mrs. Cratchit.

good soul - anima buona

"You would be sure of it, my dear," returned Bob, "if you saw and spoke to him. I shouldn't be at all surprised-mark what I say!-if he got Peter a better situation."

shouldn - dovrebbe

"Only hear that, Peter," said Mrs. Cratchit.

"And then," cried one of the girls, "Peter will be keeping company with some one, and setting up for himself."

setting - contesto, circostanza, impostazioni, calante, (set), Seth

"Get along with you!" retorted Peter, grinning.

grinning - sogghignare

"It's just as likely as not," said Bob, "one of these days; though there's plenty of time for that, my dear. But, however and whenever we part from one another, I am sure we shall none of us forget poor Tiny Tim-shall we-or this first parting that there was among us?"

"Never, father!" cried they all.

"And I know," said Bob, "I know, my dears, that when we[90] recollect how patient and how mild he was, although he was a little, little child, we shall not quarrel easily among ourselves, and forget poor Tiny Tim in doing it."

easily - tranquillamente, facilmente, agevolmente

"No, never, father!" they all cried again.

"I am very happy," said little Bob, "I am very happy!"

Mrs. Cratchit kissed him, his daughters kissed him, the two young Cratchits kissed him, and Peter and himself shook hands. Spirit of Tiny Tim, thy childish essence was from God!

essence - essenza

"Spectre," said Scrooge, "something informs me that our parting moment is at hand. I know it, but I know not how. Tell me what man that was whom we saw lying dead?"

informs - informare

The Ghost of Christmas Yet To Come conveyed him, as before-though at a different time, he thought: indeed, there seemed no order in these latter visions, save that they were in the Future-into the resorts of business men, but showed him not himself. Indeed, the Spirit did not stay for anything, but went straight on, as to the end just now desired, until besought by Scrooge to tarry for a moment.

visions - vista, acutezza visiva, visione, allucinazione, miraggio

resorts - ricorrere a, fare ricorso a

straight on - dritto, avanti

desired - desiderare, volere, desiderio, voglia

besought - supplicare, implorare

"This court," said Scrooge, "through which we hurry now, is where my place of occupation is, and has been for a length of time. I see the house. Let me behold what I shall be in days to come."

hurry - fretta, premura, furia, affrettarsi, precipitarsi

occupation - occupazione

The Spirit stopped; the hand was pointed elsewhere.

elsewhere - altrove

"The house is yonder," Scrooge exclaimed. "Why do you point away?"

The inexorable finger underwent no change.

inexorable - inesorabile

Scrooge hastened to the window of his office, and looked in. It was an office still, but not his. The furniture was not the same, and the figure in the chair was not himself. The Phantom pointed as before.

hastened to - affrettarsi

looked in - guardato dentro

furniture - mobilio

He joined it once again, and, wondering why and whither he had gone, accompanied it until they reached an iron gate. He paused to look round before entering.

wondering - chiedersi, (wonder), meraviglia, domandarsi

look round - guardarsi intorno

A churchyard. Here, then, the wretched man, whose name[91] he had now to learn, lay underneath the ground. It was a worthy place. Walled in by houses; overrun by grass and weeds, the growth of vegetation's death, not life; choked up with too much burying; fat with repleted appetite. A worthy place!

churchyard - cimitero

underneath - sotto

weeds - erbacce

vegetation - vegetazione

burying - seppellire

repleted - colmo, colma, ripieno, ripiena

The Spirit stood among the graves, and pointed down to One. He advanced towards it trembling. The Phantom was exactly as it had been, but he dreaded that he saw new meaning in its solemn shape.

graves - tomba

exactly - esattamente, appunto

"Before I draw nearer to that stone to which you point," said Scrooge, "answer me one question. Are these the shadows of the things that Will be, or are they shadows of the things that May be only?"

Still the Ghost pointed downward to the grave by which it stood.

downward - verso il basso

"Men's courses will foreshadow certain ends, to which, if persevered in, they must lead," said Scrooge. "But if the courses be departed from, the ends will change. Say it is thus with what you show me!"

foreshadow - presagire, prevedere, predire

persevered - perseverare

The Spirit was immovable as ever.

immovable - fisso

Scrooge crept towards it, trembling as he went; and, following the finger, read upon the stone of the neglected grave his own name, Ebenezer Scrooge.

crept - abbarbicarsi, insinuarsi, strisciare, scorrimento, spostamento

"Am I that man who lay upon the bed?" he cried upon his knees.

The finger pointed from the grave to him, and back again.

"No, Spirit! Oh no, no!"

The finger still was there.

"Spirit!" he cried, tight clutching at its robe, "hear me! I am not the man I was. I will not be the man I must have been but for this intercourse. Why show me this, if I am past all hope?"

intercourse - rapporto sessuale

For the first time the hand appeared to shake.

shake - scuotere, agitare, scuotere la testa, scioccare, atterrire

"Good Spirit," he pursued, as down upon the ground he[92] fell before it: "your nature intercedes for me, and pities me. Assure me that I yet may change these shadows you have shown me by an altered life?"

intercedes - intercedere

pities - pieta, peccato, compatire

The kind hand trembled.

"I will honour Christmas in my heart, and try to keep it all the year. I will live in the Past, the Present, and the Future. The Spirits of all Three shall strive within me. I will not shut out the lessons that they teach. Oh, tell me I may sponge away the writing on this stone!"

strive - sforzarsi

sponge - spugna

In his agony, he caught the spectral hand. It sought to free itself, but he was strong in his entreaty, and detained it. The Spirit, stronger yet, repulsed him.

agony - dolore, agonia, parossismo

detained - detenere, trattenere

repulsed - respingere

holding up his hands in a last prayer to have his fate reversed, he saw an alteration in the Phantom's hood and dress. It shrunk, collapsed, and dwindled down into a bedpost.[93]

holding up - resistere, mantenere

prayer - preghiera

reversed - invertire

alteration - alterazione

hood - cappuccio

collapsed - collassare, crollare, accasciarsi, bloccarsi

dwindled - restringersi, diminuire

bedpost - letto


Yes! and the bedpost was his own. The bed was his own, the room was his own. Best and happiest of all, the Time before him was his own, to make amends in!

"I will live in the Past, the Present, and the Future!" Scrooge repeated as he scrambled out of bed. "The Spirits of all Three shall strive within me. Oh, Jacob Marley! Heaven and the Christmas Time be praised for this! I say it on my knees, old Jacob; on my knees!"

He was so fluttered and so glowing with his good intentions, that his broken voice would scarcely answer to his call. He had been sobbing violently in his conflict with the Spirit, and his face was wet with tears.

fluttered - garrire, sventolare, svolazzare, ondeggiare, sbattere le ali

intentions - intenzione, intento

sobbing - singhiozzare

violently - violentemente

conflict - conflitto, incompatibilita, interferire, sovrapporsi

"They are not torn down," cried Scrooge, folding one of his bed-curtains in his arms, "they are not torn down, rings and all. They are here-I am here-the shadows of the things that would have been may be dispelled. They will be. I know they will!"

torn down - abbattuto

folding - piegare

His hands were busy with his garments all this time; turning them inside out, putting them on upside down, tearing them, mislaying them, making them parties to every kind of extravagance.

mislaying - smarrire

extravagance - stravaganza

"I don't know what to do!" cried Scrooge, laughing and crying in the same breath; and making a perfect Laocoön of himself with his stockings. "I am as light as a feather, I am as happy as an angel, I am as merry as a school-boy. I am as giddy as a drunken man. A merry Christmas to everybody![94] A happy New Year to all the world! Hallo here! Whoop! Hallo!"

stockings - calzettone

feather - piuma, penna, barbetta

angel - angelo

giddy - vertiginoso

whoop - grido, urlo

He had frisked into the sitting-room, and was now standing there: perfectly winded.

frisked - saltellare

winded - sbilanciato

"There's the saucepan that the gruel was in!" cried Scrooge, starting off again, and going round the fire-place. "There's the door by which the Ghost of Jacob Marley entered! There's the corner where the Ghost of Christmas Present sat! There's the window where I saw the wandering Spirits! It's all right, it's all true, it all happened. Ha, ha, ha!"

going round - fermarsi, girare, circolare

Really, for a man who had been out of practice for so many years, it was a splendid laugh, a most illustrious laugh. The father of a long, long line of brilliant laughs!

illustrious - famoso

brilliant - brillante, splendente, luccicante, sgargiante

"I don't know what day of the month it is," said Scrooge. "I don't know how long I have been among the Spirits. I don't know anything. I'm quite a baby. Never mind. I don't care. I'd rather be a baby. Hallo! Whoop! Hallo here!"

He was checked in his transports by the churches ringing out the lustiest peals he had ever heard. Clash, clash, hammer; ding, dong, bell! Bell, dong, ding; hammer, clang, clash! Oh, glorious, glorious!

checked in - registrato

transports - trasportare, deportare, trasporto

churches - chiesa, funzione, messa

lustiest - lussurioso

peals - suono (di campane)

clash - scontro, schermaglia, baruffa, zuffa, cozzare

hammer - martello, cane, percussore, martellare, colpire, picchiare

clang - risuonare con fragore

Running to the window, he opened it, and put out his head. No fog, no mist; clear, bright, jovial, stirring, cold; cold, piping for the blood to dance to; Golden sun-light; Heavenly sky; sweet fresh air; merry bells. Oh, glorious! Glorious!

stirring - mescolando

piping - tubature

heavenly - divino, celeste

sweet - dolcemente, dolcetto, caramella

"What's to-day?" cried Scrooge, calling downward to a boy in Sunday clothes, who perhaps had loitered in to look about him.

loitered - bighellonare, attardarsi, aggirarsi, gironzolare

"Eh?" returned the boy with all his might of wonder.

"What's to-day, my fine fellow?" said Scrooge.

"To-day!" replied the boy. "Why, Christmas Day."

"It's Christmas Day!" said Scrooge to himself. "I haven't missed it. The Spirits have done it all in one night. They can[95] do anything they like. Of course they can. Of course they can. Hallo, my fine fellow!"

"Hallo!" returned the boy.

"Do you know the Poulterer's in the next street but one, at the corner?" Scrooge inquired.

Poulterer - dealer in poultry

"I should hope I did," replied the lad.

lad - ragazzo, ragazzino

"An intelligent boy!" said Scrooge. "A remarkable boy! Do you know whether they've sold the prize Turkey that was hanging up there?-Not the little prize Turkey: the big one?"

intelligent - intelligente

ve - ordine del giorno

prize - fare leva su, forzare

"What! the one as big as me?" returned the boy.

"What a delightful boy!" said Scrooge. "It's a pleasure to talk to him. Yes, my buck!"

Buck - maschio (di cervo, daino, camoscio, coniglio, caprone, leprotto)

"It's hanging there now," replied the boy.

"Is it?" said Scrooge. "Go and buy it."

"Walk-ER!" exclaimed the boy.

er - ehm

"No, no," said Scrooge, "I am in earnest. Go and buy it, and tell 'em to bring it here, that I may give them the directions where to take it. Come back with the man, and I'll give you a shilling. Come back with him in less than five minutes, and I'll give you half-a-crown!"

directions - direzione, senso di marcia, regia, conduzione

shilling - scellino, (shill), uomo di paglia, prestanome, compare

The boy was off like a shot. He must have had a steady hand at a trigger who could have got a shot off half so fast.

shot - colpo

trigger - grilletto, levetta, innesco, detonatore, impulso

"I'll send it to Bob Cratchit's," whispered Scrooge, rubbing his hands, and splitting with a laugh. "He shan't know who sends it. It's twice the size of Tiny Tim. Joe Miller never made such a joke as sending it to Bob's will be!"

whispered - sussurro, sussurrare

rubbing - strofinare, (rub), strofinamento, fregare

miller - Molinaro

The hand in which he wrote the address was not a steady one; but write it he did, somehow, and went down-stairs to open the street-door, ready for the coming of the poulterer's man. As he stood there, waiting his arrival, the knocker caught his eye.

arrival - arrivo

"I shall love it as long as I live!" cried Scrooge, patting it with his hand. "I scarcely ever looked at it before. What an honest expression it has in its face! It's a wonderful knocker[96]!-Here's the Turkey. Hallo! Whoop! How are you? Merry Christmas!"

patting - colpetto, buffetto

It was a Turkey! He never could have stood upon his legs, that bird. He would have snapped 'em short off in a minute, like sticks of sealing-wax.

snapped - schiocco, scatto, rubamazzetto, sbottare

sealing-wax - (sealing-wax) cera sigillante

"Why, it's impossible to carry that to Camden Town," said Scrooge. "You must have a cab."

cab - taxi

The chuckle with which he said this, and the chuckle with which he paid for the Turkey, and the chuckle with which he paid for the cab, and the chuckle with which he recompensed the boy, were only to be exceeded by the chuckle with which he sat down breathless in his chair again, and chuckled till he cried.

recompensed - ricompensa, compenso

exceeded - superare, eccedere

chuckled - ridacchiare

Shaving was not an easy task, for his hand continued to shake very much; and shaving requires attention, even when you don't dance while you are at it. But, if he had cut the end of his nose off, he would have put a piece of sticking-plaster over it, and been quite satisfied.

shaving - scaglietta, scheggia, scaglia

task - compito

continued - continuare

requires - esigere, prevedere, richiedere, necessitare, domandare

sticking - attaccarsi

He dressed himself "all in his best," and at last got out into the streets. The people were by this time pouring forth, as he had seen them with the Ghost of Christmas Present; and, walking with his hands behind him, Scrooge regarded every one with a delighted smile. He looked so irresistibly pleasant, in a word, that three or four good-humoured fellows said, "Good morning, sir!

pouring - versare

good-humoured - (good-humoured) di buon umore

A merry Christmas to you!" And Scrooge said often afterwards that, of all the blithe sounds he had ever heard, those were the blithest in his ears.

blithest - indifferente

He had not gone far when, coming on towards him, he beheld the portly gentleman who had walked into his counting-house the day before, and said, "Scrooge and Marley's, I believe?" It sent a pang across his heart to think how this old gentleman would look upon him when they met; but he knew what path lay straight before him, and he took it.

pang - dolore, fitta, pena morso

"My dear sir," said Scrooge, quickening his pace, and tak[97]ing the old gentleman by both his hands, "how do you do? I hope you succeeded yesterday. It was very kind of you. A merry Christmas to you, sir!"

quickening - accelerazione

pace - passo

"Mr. Scrooge?"

"Yes," said Scrooge. "That is my name, and I fear it may not be pleasant to you. Allow me to ask your pardon. And will you have the goodness--" Here Scrooge whispered in his ear.

allow - lasciare, permettere, concedere, consentire

Pardon - perdono, grazia, come

goodness - bonta

"Lord bless me!" cried the gentleman, as if his breath were taken away. "My Dear Mr. Scrooge, are you serious?"

Dear Mr - Caro signor

"If you please," said Scrooge. "Not a farthing less. A great many back-payments are included in it, I assure you. Will you do me that favour?"

farthing - un centesimo

payments - pagamento

"My dear sir," said the other, shaking hands with him, "I don't know what to say to such munifi--"

I don't know what to say - Non so cosa dire

munifi - ordine del giorno

"Don't say anything, please," retorted Scrooge. "Come and see me. Will you come and see me?"

"I will!" cried the old gentleman. And it was clear he meant to do it.

"Thankee," said Scrooge. "I am much obliged to you. I thank you fifty times. Bless you!"

He went to church, and walked about the streets, and watched the people hurrying to and fro, and patted the children on the head, and questioned beggars, and looked down into the kitchens of houses, and up to the windows; and found that everything could yield him pleasure. He had never dreamed that any walk-that anything-could give him so much happiness.

hurrying - affrettarsi, (hurry), fretta, premura, furia

patted - colpetto, buffetto

In the afternoon he turned his steps towards his nephew's house.

steps - passo

He passed the door a dozen times before he had the courage to go up and knock. But he made a dash, and did it.

courage - coraggio

Dash - lineetta, linea, scatto, spruzzo, pizzico, goccio, saltare

"Is your master at home, my dear?" said Scrooge to the girl. Nice girl! Very.

"Yes sir."

"Where is he, my love?" said Scrooge.[98]

"He's in the dining-room, sir, along with mistress. I'll show you up-stairs, if you please."

dining - cenare

"Thankee. He knows me," said Scrooge, with his hand already on the dining-room lock. "I'll go in here, my dear."

He turned it gently, and sidled his face in round the door. They were looking at the table (which was spread out in great array); for these young housekeepers are always nervous on such points, and like to see that everything is right.

array - abbigliamento, agghindamento, schieramento, combinato, gamma

"Fred!" said Scrooge.

Dear heart alive, how his niece by marriage started! Scrooge had forgotten, for the moment, about her sitting in the corner with the footstool, or he wouldn't have done it on any account.

"Why, bless my soul!" cried Fred, "who's that?"

"It's I. Your uncle Scrooge. I have come to dinner. Will you let me in, Fred?"

Let him in! It is a mercy he didn't shake his arm off. He was at home in five minutes. Nothing could be heartier. His niece looked just the same. So did Topper when he came. So did the plump sister when she came. So did every one when they came. Wonderful party, wonderful games, wonderful unanimity, won-der-ful happiness!

heartier - di cuore

unanimity - unanimita

But he was early at the office next morning. Oh, he was early there! If he could only be there first, and catch Bob Cratchit coming late! That was the thing he had set his heart upon.

And he did it; yes, he did! The clock struck nine. No Bob. A quarter past. No Bob. He was full eighteen minutes and a half behind his time. Scrooge sat with his door wide open, that he might see him come into the tank.

His hat was off before he opened the door; his comforter too. He was on his stool in a jiffy; driving away with his pen, as if he were trying to overtake nine o'clock.

in a jiffy - in un attimo

driving away - di allontanarsi

overtake - superare, sorpassare, raggiungere, soverchiare, sopraffare

"Hallo!" growled Scrooge in his accustomed voice as near[99] as he could feign it. "What do you mean by coming here at this time of day?"

feign - fingere, simulare, immaginarsi, inventarsi, dissimulare

coming here - venire qui

"I am very sorry, sir," said Bob. "I am behind my time."

"You are!" repeated Scrooge. "Yes. I think you are. Step this way, sir, if you please."

"It's only once a year, sir," pleaded Bob, appearing from the tank. "It shall not be repeated. I was making rather merry yesterday, sir."

"Now, I'll tell you what, my friend," said Scrooge. "I am not going to stand this sort of thing any longer. And therefore," he continued, leaping from his stool, and giving Bob such a dig in the waistcoat that he staggered back into the tank again: "and therefore I am about to raise your salary!"

leaping - saltare

dig - scavare

staggered - barcollare

salary - stipendio, salario

Bob trembled, and got a little nearer to the ruler. He had a momentary idea of knocking Scrooge down with it, holding him, and calling to the people in the court for help and a strait-waistcoat.

momentary - momentaneo

knocking - bussare, (knock), colpo, botta, botto, autocombustione

Strait - stretto, stretta

"A merry Christmas, Bob!" said Scrooge with an earnestness that could not be mistaken, as he clapped him on the back. "A merrier Christmas, Bob, my good fellow, than I have given you for many a year! I'll raise your salary, and endeavour to assist your struggling family, and we will discuss your affairs this very afternoon, over a Christmas bowl of smoking bishop, Bob!

be mistaken - sbagliarsi

endeavour - tentare

affairs - affare

smoking - fumare

bishop - vescovo

Make up the fires and buy another coal-scuttle before you dot another i, Bob Cratchit!"

scuttle - affrettarsi

dot - punto

Scrooge was better than his word. He did it all, and infinitely more; and to Tiny Tim, who did NOT die, he was a second father. He became as good a friend, as good a master, and as good a man as the good old City knew, or any other good old city, town, or borough in the good old world.

infinitely - infinitamente, interminatamente

borough - rione, borgo

Some people laughed to see the alteration in him, but he let them laugh, and little heeded them; for he was wise enough to know that nothing ever happened on this globe, for good, at which some people[100] did not have their fill of laughter in the outset; and, knowing that such as these would be blind anyway, he thought it quite as well that they should wrinkle up their eyes in grins as have the malady in less attractive forms. His own heart laughed: and that was quite enough for him.

heeded - considerazione, riguardo, cura, ossequio, importare

anyway - senza riguardo, comunque, in ogni caso, ad ogni modo

grins - sogghignare

malady - malattia

attractive - attrattivo, attraente, procace, stuzzicante, allettante

He had no further intercourse with Spirits, but lived upon the Total-Abstinence Principle ever afterwards; and it was always said of him that he knew how to keep Christmas well, if any Man alive possessed the knowledge. May that be truly said of us, and all of us! And so, as Tiny Tim observed, God bless Us, Every One!

abstinence - astinenza, astemia

principle - principio, regola, valore

Man alive - Uomo vivo

possessed - possiede

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