scarlet - क़िरमिज़



Chapter - अध्याय

Mr - श्री, स्रीमान

IN the year 1878 I took my degree of Doctor of Medicine of the University of London, and proceeded to Netley to go through the course prescribed for surgeons in the army. Having completed my studies there, I was duly attached to the Fifth Northumberland Fusiliers as Assistant Surgeon. The regiment was stationed in India at the time, and before I could join it, the second Afghan war had broken out.

degree - उपाधि, डिग्री

Doctor of Medicine - चिकित्सा डॉक्टर

proceeded - आगे आना, आगे बढना, चलना

prescribed - निर्धारित करना, नुस्खा लिखना

surgeons - शल्यचिकित्सक, शल्य चिकित्सक

army - सेना, आर्मी, थलसेना, लश्कर

duly - यथावत्, यथासमय, उचित रीति से

attached - सहचारी

assistant - सहायक

regiment - बहुसंख्या, रेजिमेंट, पलटन

India - भारत, भारतवर्ष

Afghan - अफगान, अफगानी, अफ़्ग़ान

war - युद्ध, जंग, संग्राम, लड़ाई

broken out - टूट आउट

On landing at Bombay, I learned that my corps had advanced through the passes, and was already deep in the enemy's country. I followed, however, with many other officers who were in the same situation as myself, and succeeded in reaching Candahar in safety, where I found my regiment, and at once entered upon my new duties.

Bombay - बम्बई, बंबई

corps - सेना की पलटन, (corp) सेना की पलटन

advanced - अग्रसर होना, आगे बढना, प्रयास

passes - पुराना

deep - गहरा

enemy - दुश्मन, शत्रु, वैरी, द्वेषी

officers - अधिकारी, पदाधिकारी, सिपाही

myself - खुद, मैं

succeeded - कामयाबी हासिल करना

reaching - पाना, फैलना, फैलाना

safety - सुरक्षा, सलामती, सेफ़्टी

entered - भर्ति करना, डाला जाना, जाना

upon - पर, नज़दीक, के ऊपर/ऊँचा/पर

duties - काम, कर्तव्य, कर, कर्त्तव्य

The campaign brought honours and promotion to many, but for me it had nothing but misfortune and disaster. I was removed from my brigade and attached to the Berkshires, with whom I served at the fatal battle of Maiwand. There I was struck on the shoulder by a Jezail bullet, which shattered the bone and grazed the subclavian artery.

campaign - मुहिम, अभियान

honours - सम्मानित करना, सम्मान, मानना

promotion - पदोन्नति, तरक़्क़ी

misfortune - दुर्भाग्य, बदकिस्मती, अवदशा

disaster - महाविनाश, तबाही

removed - निकालना, हटाना, श्रेणी

brigade - दल, सेनादल, ब्रिगेड, वाहिनी

attached - लगाना, देना, संलग्न करना

whom - किस

served - बदला लेना, देना, सहायता करना

fatal - जीवघातक, घातक, प्राणांतक

battle - लड़ाई

struck - बजना, आक्रमण, निकालना

Jezail - जेजेल

bullet - गोल सिरे वाला

shattered - नष्ट करना या हो जाना

bone - हड्डी

grazed - खरोंच, चरना, चराना, खरोंच लेना

subclavian - सब्क्लेवियन

artery - धमनी

I should have fallen into the hands of the murderous Ghazis had it not been for the devotion and courage shown by Murray, my orderly, who threw me across a pack-horse, and succeeded in bringing me safely to the British lines.

murderous - हिंस्र

devotion - भक्ति, निष्ठा

courage - साहस, हौसला, हिम्मत

orderly - शांत, अर्दली, तर्कसंगत

threw - झुकाना, चलाना, दिखाना, लगाना

pack - पोटली

safely - निश्चित रूप से, आराम से

British - ब्रिटिश, अंग्रेज़ी

Worn with pain, and weak from the prolonged hardships which I had undergone, I was removed, with a great train of wounded sufferers, to the base hospital at Peshawar. Here I rallied, and had already improved so far as to be able to walk about the wards, and even to bask a little upon the verandah, when I was struck down by enteric fever, that curse of our Indian possessions.

pain - दर्द

weak - दुर्बल, निर्बल, कमज़ोर, अशक्त

prolonged - लम्बा या दीर्घ करना, बढा देना

hardships - कठिनाई, कष्ट, कठिनाइयाँ, दुःख

undergone - करना, अनुभव करना, झेलना, कराना

wounded - घाव, चोट, ज़ख़्मी करना, आघात

sufferers - पीड़ित

base - आधार

rallied - सुधार, रैली

wards - संरक्षित, रोगीकक्ष, रक्षा करना

bask - धूप मेँ गरम करना या सेँकना

verandah - बरामदा

enteric - of, relating to, within

fever - बुख़ार, ज्वर

curse - शाप देना

Indian - भारतीय, भारत संबंधी

possessions - आधिपत्य, अधिकार, सम्पत्ति

For months my life was despaired of, and when at last I came to myself and became convalescent, I was so weak and emaciated that a medical board determined that not a day should be lost in sending me back to England.

despaired - उदास होना, हतासा, निराशा

Last - अन्तिम

convalescent - स्वास्थ्य लाभकारी

emaciated - अशक्त, दुर्बल, क्षीणकाय, कमज़ोर

medical - चिकित्सीय परीक्षा, चिकित्सीय

board - लकड़ी का तख्ता

determined - निश्चित करना, तय करना

be lost - खो जाना

I was dispatched, accordingly, in the troopship "Orontes," and landed a month later on Portsmouth jetty, with my health irretrievably ruined, but with permission from a paternal government to spend the next nine months in attempting to improve it.

dispatched - हराना, प्रेषित करना, भेजना

accordingly - फलस्वरूप, परिस्थिति के अनुसार

troopship - सैन्यवाहक पोत

jetty - छज्जा

ruined - नष्ट करना, नष्ट कर, बिगाड़ना

permission - अनुमति, इजाज़त

paternal - पिता पक्ष का, पैतृक, पितृसुलभ

government - सरकार

attempting - प्रयास, प्रयत्न, कोशिश करना

I had neither kith nor kin in England, and was therefore as free as air-or as free as an income of eleven shillings and sixpence a day will permit a man to be. Under such circumstances, I naturally gravitated to London, that great cesspool into which all the loungers and idlers of the Empire are irresistibly drained.

neither - भी नहीं

kith - परिचित

nor - न, और नहीं, और न, और नहीं

kin - संबंधी

therefore - इसलिए, इसलिये

income - आय, आमदनी, कमाई

shillings - ब्रिटिष का सिक्का, शिलिंग

sixpence - छः पेंस

permit - अनुमति देना

such - ऐसा

circumstances - दशा/अवस्था, स्थिति, परिस्थिति

naturally - प्राकृतिक रुप से, बेशक

gravitated - खिंचना

cesspool - चहबच्चा, नाबदान, गंदी जगह

loungers - आलसी व्यक्ति, आलसी व्यक्ति

idlers - कामचोर

Empire - साम्राज्य, सल्तनत

irresistibly - लुभावना से, ज़बर्दस्त ढंग से

drained - बहना, नाली, खाली करना

There I stayed for some time at a private hotel in the Strand, leading a comfortless, meaningless existence, and spending such money as I had, considerably more freely than I ought. So alarming did the state of my finances become, that I soon realized that I must either leave the metropolis and rusticate somewhere in the country, or that I must make a complete alteration in my style of living.

private - checkनिजी

Strand - बेसवारी

leading - प्रमुख, प्रथम, मुख्य

comfortless - बेआराम

meaningless - अर्थहीन r=arthhīn

existence - अस्तित्व, भाव

Considerably - अत्याधिक, बहुत अधिकता से

freely - स्वतंत्रतापूर्वक

alarming - भयभीत करना, घंटी

state - राज्य

finances - आर्थिक प्रबन्ध

realized - प्राप्त करना, समझना

either - दो में से कोई एक, भी, या

metropolis - महानगर, महनगरि, महानगरी, राजधानी

rusticate - suspend or expel from a college or university

somewhere - कहीं

alteration - परिवर्तन, फेरबदल, प्रत्यावर्तन

Choosing the latter alternative, I began by making up my mind to leave the hotel, and to take up my quarters in some less pretentious and less expensive domicile.

latter - अनुवर्ती, दूसरा

alternative - एवजी, विकल्प, वैकल्पिक

making up - तैयारी करना

mind - मन, दिल

pretentious - आडंबरी, दांभिक, भड़कीला

less expensive - कम महंगा

domicile - अधिवास, निवास स्थान

On the very day that I had come to this conclusion, I was standing at the Criterion Bar, when some one tapped me on the shoulder, and turning round I recognized young Stamford, who had been a dresser under me at Barts. The sight of a friendly face in the great wilderness of London is a pleasant thing indeed to a lonely man.

conclusion - समाप्ति, निष्कर्ष, अंतिम निर्णय

criterion - मानदंड, मापदंड

tapped - खटखटाना, निकालना, क्षार निकालना

turning round - घुमना

recognized - स्वीकार करना, प्रकट करना

Barts - उपसामंत्

sight - दर्शन, दीदार

wilderness - निर्जन वनप्रांतर, निर्जन प्रदेश

pleasant - सुखद

indeed - वास्तव में, निश्चित ही, सचमुच

lonely - अकेला, अकेली

In old days Stamford had never been a particular crony of mine, but now I hailed him with enthusiasm, and he, in his turn, appeared to be delighted to see me. In the exuberance of my joy, I asked him to lunch with me at the Holborn, and we started off together in a hansom.

particular - निराला, सतर्क, विस्तृत ब्योरा

crony - अंतरंग मित्र, घनिष्ट मित्र

mine - मेरा

hailed - ओलावृष्टि, बुलाना

enthusiasm - जोश, उत्साह

appeared - होना, प्रकट होना, दिखाई देना

delighted - हर्षित करना, हर्षोल्लास, खुशी

exuberance - उल्लास, अधिकता

joy - आनन्द

Hansom - बग्घी, घोड़ा गाड़ी

"Whatever have you been doing with yourself, Watson?" he asked in undisguised wonder, as we rattled through the crowded London streets. "You are as thin as a lath and as brown as a nut."

whatever - कुछ भी, जो भी, जो कुछ भी

undisguised - स्पष्ट, खुला

wonder - आश्चर्य

rattled - खनखनाना, घबड़ा देना, खनखनाहट

crowded - ढेर, घेरना, भरना, मण्डली

lath - a thin, narrow strip

Nut - सुपारी

I gave him a short sketch of my adventures, and had hardly concluded it by the time that we reached our destination.

sketch - खाका, संक्षिप्त विवरण

adventures - अभियान, (adventure) अभियान

hardly - थोड़े

concluded - निश्चित करना, तय करना

reached - पाना, फैलना, फैलाना

destination - अंतिम लक्ष्य, अभिप्राय

"Poor devil!" he said, commiseratingly, after he had listened to my misfortunes. "What are you up to now?"

devil - शैतान, दानव, राक्षस, देव

misfortunes - दुर्भाग्य, बदकिस्मती, अवदशा

"Looking for lodgings." 3 I answered. "Trying to solve the problem as to whether it is possible to get comfortable rooms at a reasonable price."

lodgings - आवास, किराये का कमरा, निवास

solve - हल करना

whether - चाहें, कि

comfortable - आरामदेह

reasonable - उचित, विवेकी, पर्याप्त

"That's a strange thing," remarked my companion; "you are the second man to-day that has used that expression to me."

strange - अजीब

remarked - करना, ध्यान, प्रतिक्रिया

companion - साथी

expression - मुहावरा, इबारत

"And who was the first?" I asked.

"A fellow who is working at the chemical laboratory up at the hospital. He was bemoaning himself this morning because he could not get someone to go halves with him in some nice rooms which he had found, and which were too much for his purse."

fellow - व्यक्ति

chemical - रासायनिक

laboratory - प्रयोगशाला

bemoaning - विलाप, (bemoan) विलाप

purse - पर्स, बटुआ

"By Jove!" I cried, "if he really wants someone to share the rooms and the expense, I am the very man for him. I should prefer having a partner to being alone."

Jove - Jupiter, god of the sky

cried - बताना, निकालना, कहना

expense - ख़र्च

alone - अकेला

Young Stamford looked rather strangely at me over his wine-glass. "You don't know Sherlock Holmes yet," he said; "perhaps you would not care for him as a constant companion."

Rather - अधिक, निःसन्देह, अपेक्षाकृत

strangely - अजीब तरह से, असाधारण रूप से

Perhaps - शायद

care - ध्यान

constant - स्थिरांक

"Why, what is there against him?"

against - से अलग, के सहारे, विरूद्व

"Oh, I didn't say there was anything against him. He is a little queer in his ideas-an enthusiast in some branches of science. As far as I know he is a decent fellow enough."

queer - अजीब, अनोखा, बेढंग

enthusiast - समर्थक, उत्साही

branches - ज्ञान विषय, बेलबूटे कढना

decent - अच्छा, उचित, शालीन, आच्छा

"A medical student, I suppose?" said I.

suppose - समझना, लगना, सोचना, मानना

"No-I have no idea what he intends to go in for. I believe he is well up in anatomy, and he is a first-class chemist; but, as far as I know, he has never taken out any systematic medical classes. His studies are very desultory and eccentric, but he has amassed a lot of out-of-the way knowledge which would astonish his professors."

intends - चाहना, विचार होना, रखना

anatomy - शरीर रचना, चीरफाड़

first-class - (first-class) पहली कक्षा

chemist - कीमियागर

systematic - सुनियोजित, नियमित, सुव्यवस्थित

desultory - असंगत, निरूउद्देश्य, निर्लक्ष्य

eccentric - सनकी, विचित्र

amassed - जमा करना, इकट्ठा करना

knowledge - जान, ज्ञान, बुद्धि, इल्म

astonish - ठगा सा, आश्चर्य होना, चकित करना

professors - प्राध्यापक, प्रोफ़ेसर

"Did you never ask him what he was going in for?" I asked.

"No; he is not a man that it is easy to draw out, though he can be communicative enough when the fancy seizes him."

though - यद्यपि, भले ही, मगर, हालाँकि

communicative - बात चीत करना

fancy - असामान्य

seizes - समझना, झपट लेना, पकड़ना

"I should like to meet him," I said. "If I am to lodge with anyone, I should prefer a man of studious and quiet habits. I am not strong enough yet to stand much noise or excitement. I had enough of both in Afghanistan to last me for the remainder of my natural existence. How could I meet this friend of yours?"

Lodge - रखना, जमा करना, मकान, दायर करना

studious - अध्ययनशील, पढ़ाकू, सतर्कतापूर्ण

habits - प्रवृत्ति, पोशाक, स्वभाव

noise - शोर, रव, आहट

excitement - बेक़रारी, उत्तेजना, उतावलापन

Afghanistan - id=Q889 ountry

remainder - बाक़ी, बाकी

"He is sure to be at the laboratory," returned my companion. "He either avoids the place for weeks, or else he works there from morning to night. If you like, we shall drive round together after luncheon."

avoids - रोकना, दूर रहना, टालना, से बचना

shall - सितारा मछली, गा

drive round - घुमाएँ

luncheon - दोपहर का खाना

"Certainly," I answered, and the conversation drifted away into other channels.

Certainly - अवश्य

drifted - बहना, ढेर, धारा, अभिप्राय

channels - पहुं़चाया जाना

As we made our way to the hospital after leaving the Holborn, Stamford gave me a few more particulars about the gentleman whom I proposed to take as a fellow-lodger.

particulars - निराला, सतर्क, विस्तृत ब्योरा

gentleman - रईस व्यक्ति, सज्जन

proposed - प्रस्ताव रखना, प्रस्तुत करना

lodger - आवासी

"You mustn't blame me if you don't get on with him," he said; "I know nothing more of him than I have learned from meeting him occasionally in the laboratory. You proposed this arrangement, so you must not hold me responsible."

blame - दोष लगाना

Occasionally - कभीकभी

arrangement - इंतज़ाम r=intazām

hold - मजबूती से पकड़ना

responsible - उत्तरदायी, ज़िम्मेदार

"If we don't get on it will be easy to part company," I answered. "It seems to me, Stamford," I added, looking hard at my companion, "that you have some reason for washing your hands of the matter. Is this fellow's temper so formidable, or what is it? Don't be mealy-mouthed about it."

Seems - लगना, प्रतीत होना/लगना/जान पड़ना

matter - पदार्थ

temper - लचकीला बनाना, कम करना, गुस्सा

formidable - दुर्जेय, डरावना, विकट

mealy - resembling meal

"It is not easy to express the inexpressible," he answered with a laugh. "Holmes is a little too scientific for my tastes-it approaches to cold-bloodedness. I could imagine his giving a friend a little pinch of the latest vegetable alkaloid, not out of malevolence, you understand, but simply out of a spirit of inquiry in order to have an accurate idea of the effects.

inexpressible - अकथनीय, अवर्णनीय

scientific - वैज्ञानिक, इल्मी

tastes - स्वाद, रुचि, पीना, स्वाद लेना

approaches - पद्धति, सन्निकर्ष, समीप आना

pinch - काटना, चुराना, चिकोटी काटना

alkaloid - क्षारोद

malevolence - द्वेष

Simply - पूरी तरह से, आसानी से, केवल

spirit - भावना, जोश, प्रेतात्मा, स्वभाव

inquiry - जाँच, सर्वेक्षण, अन्वेषण

accurate - ठीक, अचूक, सही, एकदम सही

effects - प्रभाव, पैदा करना, पैदा करना

To do him justice, I think that he would take it himself with the same readiness. He appears to have a passion for definite and exact knowledge."

justice - न्याय, इनसाफ़

readiness - इच्छा, उत्सुकता, औत्सुक्य

Appears - होना, प्रकट होना, दिखाई देना

passion - जुनून

definite - स्पष्ट, निश्चित

exact - खरा, सतर्क, निर्दोष, ठीक, सच्चा

"Very right too."

"Yes, but it may be pushed to excess. When it comes to beating the subjects in the dissecting-rooms with a stick, it is certainly taking rather a bizarre shape."

pushed - चलाना, बाहर निकालना, उकसाना

excess - बहुत अधिक, अधिशेष, अधिकता

beating - पिटाई, फिंटाई, मार, फेंटाई

dissecting - विश्लेषण, (dissect) विश्लेषण

stick - चुभाना, घुसेड़ना, भौंकना

Rather - अधिक, निःसन्देह, अपेक्षाकृत

bizarre - अनोखा, विचित्र, अजीब

shape - आकार

"Beating the subjects!"

"Yes, to verify how far bruises may be produced after death. I saw him at it with my own eyes."

verify - प्रमाणित करना, सत्यापित करना

bruises - खरोंच, चोट, पर खरोंच आना, आघात

produced - उत्पन्न होना, जन्म देना

Death - मृत्यु, मरण, मौत, मर्ग

"And yet you say he is not a medical student?"

"No. Heaven knows what the objects of his studies are. But here we are, and you must form your own impressions about him." As he spoke, we turned down a narrow lane and passed through a small side-door, which opened into a wing of the great hospital.

Heaven - आकाश

impressions - प्रभाव, दिखावा, धारणा, छाप, असर

turned down - नाकाम कर दिया

narrow - संकीर्ण

lane - गली, खोरी

passed through - द्वारा गुजराया

side-door - (side-door) दक्षिण द्वार

Wing - पंख, पर, पक्ष, पर्ण

It was familiar ground to me, and I needed no guiding as we ascended the bleak stone staircase and made our way down the long corridor with its vista of whitewashed wall and dun-coloured doors. Near the further end a low arched passage branched away from it and led to the chemical laboratory.

familiar - घनिष्ठ, साधारण

ground - स्थिर, तर्क

guiding - मार्गदर्शन, (guid) मार्गदर्शन

ascended - चढना, बढना/चढ़ना, उपर उठना

bleak - सर्द

stone - पत्थर, शिला, रोड़ा, हजर

staircase - सीढ़ी, सोपान

corridor - बरामदा, गलियारा

vista - परिदृश्य, वीथी

whitewashed - पुताई करना, छिपाना

dun - तकाज़ा करने वाला/तकाज़ा

further - वृद्धि करना, अधिक, सहायता करना

low - नीचा

arched - मुख्य, धूर्ततापूर्ण, नटखट, वक्र

passage - गलियारा

branched - ज्ञान विषय, बेलबूटे कढना

led - LED, , (lead) LED

This was a lofty chamber, lined and littered with countless bottles. Broad, low tables were scattered about, which bristled with retorts, test-tubes, and little Bunsen lamps, with their blue flickering flames. There was only one student in the room, who was bending over a distant table absorbed in his work. At the sound of our steps he glanced round and sprang to his feet with a cry of pleasure.

lofty - उत्कृष्ट, उदात्त, अहंकारी

chamber - सभा, सदन, कमरा, कचहरी, कोठरी

littered - गंदगी, बिखेरना, पालकी

countless - असंख्य, असंख्य/अनगणित, बीसों

broad - विस्तृत

scattered - फैलाव, छितराव, तितर बितर करना

bristled - सूअर का बाल, फटा पड़ना

retorts - प्रत्युत्तर देना, प्रत्युतर

test-tubes - (test-tubes) टेस्ट ट्यूब्स

Bunsen - बन्सन

flickering - झलक, टिमटिमाना, चमकना, झलकना

flames - प्रेमिका, चमकना, आग की ज्वाला

bending - motion or action

distant - दूर

absorbed in - उल्लिखित में

steps - कार्य, कदम रखना, पद, जाना

glanced - चमकना, ग्लांस करना, नजर डालना

round - गोल, गोलाकार

cry of pleasure - आनंद की आवाज

"I've found it! I've found it," he shouted to my companion, running towards us with a test-tube in his hand. "I have found a re-agent which is precipitated by hoemoglobin, 4 and by nothing else." Had he discovered a gold mine, greater delight could not have shone upon his features.

shouted - बुलाना, चीखना, चिल्लाना

towards - के निकट, की तरफ़, के लिए, की ओर

test-tube - (test-tube) टेस्ट ट्यूब

agent - कर्ता, पदार्थ, कारण, गुप्तचर

precipitated - प्रेरित करना

discovered - पता लगाना, समझना, पता लगाना

gold - सोना

delight - ख़ुश, आनंद

shone - चमकाना, चमक, प्रकाशित होना

features - दिखाना, प्रकट करना, विशेषता

"Dr. Watson, Mr. Sherlock Holmes," said Stamford, introducing us.

"How are you?" he said cordially, gripping my hand with a strength for which I should hardly have given him credit. "You have been in Afghanistan, I perceive."

cordially - अत्यधिक, सभ्यतः, बाशऊर, शालीनतः

gripping - दिलचस्प, उत्साहित करने वाला

strength - शक्ति, ताक़त, बल

credit - श्रेय

perceive - अर्थ लगाना, देखना, महसूस करना

"How on earth did you know that?" I asked in astonishment.

earth - धरती, ज़मीन, मिट्टी, वसुधा

astonishment - आश्चर्य, अचरज

"Never mind," said he, chuckling to himself. "The question now is about hoemoglobin. No doubt you see the significance of this discovery of mine?"

chuckling - हंसना, (chuckle) हंसना

doubt - संदेह करना

significance - महत्व, महत्त्व, मतलब, अर्थ

discovery - खोज, आविष्कार

"It is interesting, chemically, no doubt," I answered, "but practically--"

chemically - रासायनिक ढंग से

practically - लगभग, वास्तव में

"Why, man, it is the most practical medico-legal discovery for years. Don't you see that it gives us an infallible test for blood stains. Come over here now!" He seized me by the coat-sleeve in his eagerness, and drew me over to the table at which he had been working.

most practical - सबसे व्यावहारिक

medico - चिकित्सक, डक्टर

legal - कानूनी, वैग, विधिक

infallible - अचूक, कभी गलती न करने वाला

blood - जोश, बलि, स्वभाव, प्रकृति

stains - अभिरंजन करना, धब्बा, गन्दा होना

seized - समझना, झपट लेना, पकड़ना

sleeve - आस्तीन, बाँह

eagerness - उत्सुकता, औत्सुक्य, तत्परता

"Let us have some fresh blood," he said, digging a long bodkin into his finger, and drawing off the resulting drop of blood in a chemical pipette. "Now, I add this small quantity of blood to a litre of water. You perceive that the resulting mixture has the appearance of pure water. The proportion of blood cannot be more than one in a million.

fresh - ताजा

digging - खोदन, (dig) खोदन

bodkin - बोडकिन

finger - जेबकतरा, अंगुलि, उंगली, बजाना

drawing off - निकालना

drop - बूंद

pipette - विंदुक

quantity - मात्रा, परिमाण

litre - लीटर

mixture - मिश्रण, घोल, मिलावट

appearance - दिखना

pure - शुद्ध

proportion - अंश, अनुपात, समानुपात, भाग

I have no doubt, however, that we shall be able to obtain the characteristic reaction." As he spoke, he threw into the vessel a few white crystals, and then added some drops of a transparent fluid. In an instant the contents assumed a dull mahogany colour, and a brownish dust was precipitated to the bottom of the glass jar.

obtain - प्राप्त करना, पाना

characteristic - विशेषता

reaction - प्रतिक्रिया, प्रक्रिया

vessel - जहाज़

crystals - स्फटिक, घड़ी का काँच

drops - बताना, झुकाना, कम करना, देना

transparent - सुस्पष्ट, सच्चा, स्पष्ट

fluid - लचीला, अस्थिर, प्रवाही

instant - तुरन्त

Contents - मात्रा, सन्तुष्ट

assumed - समझना, रूप धारण करना, मानना

dull - सुस्त

mahogany - महोगनी

brownish - of a colour which resembles brown, somewhat brown

dust - धूल, धूलि, tख़ाक, खाक

bottom - पता लगाना, निम्नतम, नितम्ब

jar - मर्तबान

"Ha! ha!" he cried, clapping his hands, and looking as delighted as a child with a new toy. "What do you think of that?"

ha - एच ए, ओह!, एच ए, हा

clapping - the action by which someone or something claps

toy - खिलौना

"It seems to be a very delicate test," I remarked.

delicate - स्वादिष्ट, लिहाज रखनेवाला

"Beautiful! beautiful! The old Guiacum test was very clumsy and uncertain. So is the microscopic examination for blood corpuscles. The latter is valueless if the stains are a few hours old. Now, this appears to act as well whether the blood is old or new. Had this test been invented, there are hundreds of men now walking the earth who would long ago have paid the penalty of their crimes."

clumsy - bedhanga, adaksha

uncertain - अविश्वसनीय, अनिश्चित, अस्थिर

microscopic - सूक्ष्मदर्शी यंत्र द्वारा किया गया

examination - परीक्षण

corpuscles - रक्त में पाया जाने वाला लाला या श्वेत अति सुक्ष्म अंश

valueless - बेकीमत, निर्मूल्य

act - कार्य, प्रदर्शन, करना

invented - बनाना, आविष्कार करना, गढना

penalty - दण्ड, सज़ा

crimes - अपराध, पाप, जुर्म, बेवक़ूफ़ी

"Indeed!" I murmured.

murmured - बड़बड़ाना, सरसराहट, बड़बड़ाहट

"criminal cases are continually hinging upon that one point. A man is suspected of a crime months perhaps after it has been committed. His linen or clothes are examined, and brownish stains discovered upon them. Are they blood stains, or mud stains, or rust stains, or fruit stains, or what are they? That is a question which has puzzled many an expert, and why? Because there was no reliable test.

criminal cases - अपराध मामले

continually - लगातार, निरंतर

hinging - कब्जे पर लगाना, कब्जा

suspected - समझना, लगना, क्षतिग्रस्त

crime - अपराध, जुर्म

committed - करना, लिखना, वचनबद्ध होना

linen - लिनेन

examined - समझना, परखना, पूछना

mud - कीचड़

rust - जंग, मोरचा

puzzled - समस्या, हैरान करना, पहेली

expert - निपुण

reliable - भरोसेमंद, विश्वसनीय, अच्छा

Now we have the Sherlock Holmes'test, and there will no longer be any difficulty."

difficulty - कठिनाई, मुसीबत, दिक़्क़त, दिक्कत

His eyes fairly glittered as he spoke, and he put his hand over his heart and bowed as if to some applauding crowd conjured up by his imagination.

fairly - पूरी तरह से, ठीक से

glittered - चमक, चमकना, तड़क भड़क, जगमगाना

heart - ह्रदय

bowed - झुकाना, सिर झुकाना, गलही

applauding - ताली बजा कर प्रशंसा करना

crowd - भीड़

conjured up - उत्पन्न किया

imagination - कल्पना, तसव्वुर, तख़य्युल

"You are to be congratulated," I remarked, considerably surprised at his enthusiasm.

congratulated - बधाई देना, बधाई देना

surprised - अचम्भा, आश्चर्य, चकित करना

"There was the case of Von Bischoff at Frankfort last year. He would certainly have been hung had this test been in existence. Then there was Mason of Bradford, and the notorious Muller, and Lefevre of Montpellier, and Samson of New Orleans. I could name a score of cases in which it would have been decisive."

Frankfort - फ्रैंकफोर्ट

hung - लटकना, टाम्गना, छाना, लटक्ना

Mason - राजमिस्त्री

notorious - कुख्यात, बदनाम

Muller - सिलौटी/मूसली, बट्टा

Orleans - capital of Centre-Val de Loire

score - कोड़ी

cases - घटना, समस्या, नमूना, खोल

decisive - निर्णायक

"You seem to be a walking calendar of crime," said Stamford with a laugh. "You might start a paper on those lines. Call it the 'Police News of the Past.'"

Seem - लगना, दिखना

calendar - कालदर्शक, कैलेण्डर, पंचांग

those - जो, वे, इन

"Very interesting reading it might be made, too," remarked Sherlock Holmes, sticking a small piece of plaster over the prick on his finger. "I have to be careful," he continued, turning to me with a smile, "for I dabble with poisons a good deal." He held out his hand as he spoke, and I noticed that it was all mottled over with similar pieces of plaster, and discoloured with strong acids.

sticking - चिपकाना, (stick) चिपकाना

small piece - छोटा टुकड़ा

plaster - प्लास्टर

prick - छेदना, चुभाना

careful - सावधान, सतर्क

continued - होना, शुरू करना, रखना

smile - tमुस्कान, मुसकुराहट, स्मित

dabble - ऊपरी ढंग से करना

poisons - ज़हर देना, घातक, दूषित आहार

deal - लेनदेन

held - खाव, मन्ना, धारण करना

noticed - सूचना, चेतावनी, देखना

mottled - चित्ती

discoloured - फीका पड़ जाना, मलिन करना

acids - कटु, ऐसिड, खट्टा, तिक्त, अम्लीय

"We came here on business," said Stamford, sitting down on a high three-legged stool, and pushing another one in my direction with his foot. "My friend here wants to take diggings, and as you were complaining that you could get no one to go halves with you, I thought that I had better bring you together."

on business - व्यापार पर

sitting down - बैठ गया

stool - चौकी, तिपाही, पाखाना, मल, गुह

pushing - चलाना, बाहर निकालना, उकसाना

direction - दिशा, तरफ़, ओर

complaining - शिकायत करना, (complain)

Sherlock Holmes seemed delighted at the idea of sharing his rooms with me. "I have my eye on a suite in Baker Street," he said, "which would suit us down to the ground. You don't mind the smell of strong tobacco, I hope?"

seemed - लगना, प्रतीत होना/लगना/जान पड़ना

suite - होटल का कमरा, अनुगामी, परिजन

Baker - नानबाई

smell - गंध, बू

tobacco - तम्बाकू

"I always smoke 'ship's'myself," I answered.

smoke - धूआं

ship - जहाज, पोत

"That's good enough. I generally have chemicals about, and occasionally do experiments. Would that annoy you?"

generally - अक्सर, प्रा, व्यापक रुप से

chemicals - रासायनिक पदार्थ, रसायनिक द्रव्य

experiments - परीक्षा, परीक्षण करना

annoy - खीझना

"By no means."

"Let me see-what are my other shortcomings. I get in the dumps at times, and don't open my mouth for days on end. You must not think I am sulky when I do that. Just let me alone, and I'll soon be right. What have you to confess now? It's just as well for two fellows to know the worst of one another before they begin to live together."

shortcomings - कमी, दोष

dumps - डंप करना, ढेर, डालना, , डंप

sulky - मंदगति, नाराज़, मनहूस, रुष्ट

confess - मानना, कबूल करना, अंगीकार करना

fellows - सभासद, व्यक्ति, आदमी, सहचर

live together - साथ रहना

I laughed at this cross-examination. "I keep a bull pup," I said, "and I object to rows because my nerves are shaken, and I get up at all sorts of ungodly hours, and I am extremely lazy. I have another set of vices when I'm well, but those are the principal ones at present."

laughed at - हंसाया

Cross - सलीब, संकर, क्रूश

Bull - सांड़

pup - पिल्ला

object to - अंग्रेजी से हिंदी में अनुवाद करें

rows - चलाना, झिड़की, पंक्ति, लगातार

nerves - बल, नस, शक्ति, रोग, साहस

shaken - झटका, घुमाना, मिलाना

sorts - प्रकार, वर्गीकृत करना

ungodly - अनुचित, अधर्मी, नास्तिक, असमय

extremely - अत्यधिक, बहुत ही, बहुत ही

lazy - आलसी, सुस्त

set - घटना, करना, अटल, निश्चित करना

vices - अवगुण, दुराचार, शिकंजा

principal - प्रधानाचार्य

"Do you include violin-playing in your category of rows?" he asked, anxiously.

violin - वायलिन, बेला, सारंगी

category - वर्ग, श्रेणी

anxiously - चिंतित होकर, उदवेग से

"It depends on the player," I answered. "A well-played violin is a treat for the gods-a badly-played one--"

depends - निर्भर, निर्भर होना, भरोसा रखना

treat - इलाज करना, उपचार करना

gods - देवता, ईश्वर, भगवान, हे भगवान

badly - बहुत अधिक, बहुत ही

"Oh, That's all right," he cried, with a merry laugh. "I think we may consider the thing as settled-that is, if the rooms are agreeable to you."

That's all right - ठीक है

merry - आनन्दपूर्ण

Consider - विचार करना, समझना, ग़ौर करना

settled - रोकना, देना, रहना, तय करना

agreeable - रजामंद

"When shall we see them?"

"Call for me here at noon to-morrow, and we'll go together and settle everything," he answered.

at noon - दोपहर

morrow - अगला दिन, कल/अगला दिन

go together - साथ जाओ

settle - आराम करना

"All right-noon exactly," said I, shaking his hand.

noon - मध्याह्न

exactly - वास्तव में, ठीक ठीक/यथार्थतः

shaking - कंपन, चंचल, काँपता हुआ

We left him working among his chemicals, and we walked together towards my hotel.

among - के बीच में, में

"By the way," I asked suddenly, stopping and turning upon Stamford, "how the deuce did he know that I had come from Afghanistan?"

suddenly - अचानक, एकाएक, सहसा

deuce - {टेनिस के खेल में}बराबरी के अंक

My companion smiled an enigmatical smile. "That's just his little peculiarity," he said. "A good many people have wanted to know how he finds things out."

smiled - अनुकूल रहना

enigmatical - रहस्यमय, गूढ़

peculiarity - विशिष्टता, खासियत, अनूठापन

"Oh! a mystery is it?" I cried, rubbing my hands. "This is very piquant. I am much obliged to you for bringing us together. 'The proper study of mankind is man,'you know."

mystery - रहस्य, राज़, राज, मुअम्मा

rubbing - रबिंग, (rub), रगड़ना

piquant - मसालेदार, उत्तेजक, चटपटा

obliged - नैतिक नियमों से मज़बूर करना

proper - उचित

mankind - मानवता, आदमज़ाद, मानवजाति

"You must study him, then," Stamford said, as he bade me good-bye. "You'll find him a knotty problem, though. I'll wager he learns more about you than you about him. Good-bye."

bade - बेड

Good-bye - (Good-bye) अलविदा

knotty - जटिल, गाँठदार, पेचीदा

wager - बाजी

"Good-bye," I answered, and strolled on to my hotel, considerably interested in my new acquaintance.

strolled - टहलना, मंथर गति से चलना

acquaintance - ज्ञान, पहचान, परिचित, परिचय


deduction - घटाना, घटाव, कटौती, निगमन

WE met next day as he had arranged, and inspected the rooms at No. 221B, 5 Baker Street, of which he had spoken at our meeting. They consisted of a couple of comfortable bed-rooms and a single large airy sitting-room, cheerfully furnished, and illuminated by two broad windows.

arranged - निश्चित करना, तय करना

inspected - परीक्षण करना, जांच करना

consisted - होना, शामिल होना, युक्त हो

couple - युगल, जोड़ा, दंपति r=dampati

single - अकेला

airy - हवादार, लापरवाह, रमणीय

sitting-room - (sitting-room) आलिया

cheerfully - खुशी खुशी

furnished - सुस्सजित करना, प्रस्तुत करना

illuminated - प्रकाशयुक्त करना

So desirable in every way were the apartments, and so moderate did the terms seem when divided between us, that the bargain was concluded upon the spot, and we at once entered into possession. That very evening I moved my things round from the hotel, and on the following morning Sherlock Holmes followed me with several boxes and portmanteaus.

desirable - योग्य, वांछित, वांछनीय, इष्ट

moderate - औसत दर्जे का, कम, कम होना

terms - पद, अवधि, शब्द, निश्चित काल

divided - विभाजित करना, फैल जाना

bargain - सौदा करना, लेन देन, समझौता करना

spot - पाना, हल्का, दाग, लक्षण, धब्बा

entered into - प्रवेश किया

possession - आधिपत्य, अधिकार, सम्पत्ति

several - कई

portmanteaus - पोर्टमेंटो

For a day or two we were busily employed in unpacking and laying out our property to the best advantage. That done, we gradually began to settle down and to accommodate ourselves to our new surroundings.

busily - व्यस्ततापूर्वक

employed - नियुक्त करना, नौकर रखना

unpacking - निकालना, खोलना, सामान निकालना

laying out - रूपरेखांकन

property - संपत्ति

advantage - लाभ, फ़ायदा

gradually - धीरे धीरे, अल्पाशः

settle down - शांत हो जाओ

accommodate - देना, सहायता करना, मिलाना

ourselves - हम स्वंय, स्वयम्, हम स्वंय

surroundings - आस पास का, आस पास का

Holmes was certainly not a difficult man to live with. He was quiet in his ways, and his habits were regular. It was rare for him to be up after ten at night, and he had invariably breakfasted and gone out before I rose in the morning.

regular - रोज का ग्राहक, योग्य

rare - दुर्लभ

invariably - सर्वदा, निरपवाद रूप से

gone out - बाहर निकल गए

rose - गुलाब, गुल , (rise)

Sometimes he spent his day at the chemical laboratory, sometimes in the dissecting-rooms, and occasionally in long walks, which appeared to take him into the lowest portions of the City.

lowest - तुच्छ, धीरे से, धीमा, अधिक

portions - हिस्सा, भाग, खुराक, बाँट देना

Nothing could exceed his energy when the working fit was upon him; but now and again a reaction would seize him, and for days on end he would lie upon the sofa in the sitting-room, hardly uttering a word or moving a muscle from morning to night.

exceed - अधिक होना, पार कर जाना

energy - ऊर्जा, शक्ति

fit - स्वस्थ

seize - समझना, झपट लेना, पकड़ना

lie - झूठ

sofa - सोफ़ा, सोफा

uttering - उत्पन्न करना, (utter) उत्पन्न करना

muscle - पेशी

On these occasions I have noticed such a dreamy, vacant expression in his eyes, that I might have suspected him of being addicted to the use of some narcotic, had not the temperance and cleanliness of his whole life forbidden such a notion.

occasions - घटना, अवसर, कारण बनना, मौका

dreamy - स्वप्निल, अव्यावहारिक

vacant - खाली, विचार शून्य, रिक्त

addicted - व्यसनी, लत लगा हुआ, लतिया, नशेडी

narcotic - नींद लाने वाली दवा

temperance - संयम, परहेज़

cleanliness - सफ़ाई

forbidden - रोकना, मना करना, वर्जित करना

notion - इच्छा, धारणा, विचार

As the weeks went by, my interest in him and my curiosity as to his aims in life, gradually deepened and increased. His very person and appearance were such as to strike the attention of the most casual observer. In height he was rather over six feet, and so excessively lean that he seemed to be considerably taller.

curiosity - जिज्ञासा

aims in life - जीवन के उद्देश्य

deepened - गहराना, गहरा हो जाना, गहरा होना

increased - वृद्धि करना, बढ़ाना, विस्तार

strike - हड़ताल

attention - ध्यान

most casual - सबसे आसान

observer - प्रेक्षक, पर्यवेक्षक, परिदर्शक

height - ऊंचाई

excessively - t-needed i:

lean - झुकना

His eyes were sharp and piercing, save during those intervals of torpor to which I have alluded; and his thin, hawk-like nose gave his whole expression an air of alertness and decision. His chin, too, had the prominence and squareness which mark the man of determination.

sharp - उच्च स्वर, कटु, विषम, सहसा

piercing - तीखा, तीव्र, पैना, तीक्ष्ण

save - बचाना

intervals - विराम, अंतराल, अन्तराल

torpor - आलस, तंद्रा, अकर्मण्यता, जड़ता

alluded - संकेत करना, ज़िक्र करना

hawk - बाज-पक्षी

alertness - सतर्कता

decision - निर्णय, फ़ैसला

chin - ठुड्डी

prominence - उभार, प्रख्याति, प्रमुखता

squareness - { "error": { "message": "The server had an error while processing your request Sorry about that!"

mark - अंक, ग्रेड

determination - निर्णायक, विचार, इरादा

His hands were invariably blotted with ink and stained with chemicals, yet he was possessed of extraordinary delicacy of touch, as I frequently had occasion to observe when I watched him manipulating his fragile philosophical instruments.

blotted - दाग, धब्बा, दाग/धब्बा

ink - स्याही

stained - अभिरंजन करना, धब्बा, गन्दा होना

possessed - आक्रान्त करना, रखना

extraordinary - असाधारण

delicacy - कौशल, बारीकी, कोमलता

touch - छूना

frequently - बहुधा, प्रायः

Occasion - घटना, अवसर, कारण बनना, मौका

observe - अनुपालन करना, कहना, देखना

manipulating - चलाना, हड्डी बिठाना

fragile - नाज़ुक

philosophical - शांतचित्त, दार्शनिक

instruments - मानव यंत्र, प्रपत्र, लिखित

The reader may set me down as a hopeless busybody, when I confess how much this man stimulated my curiosity, and how often I endeavoured to break through the reticence which he showed on all that concerned himself. Before pronouncing judgment, however, be it remembered, how objectless was my life, and how little there was to engage my attention.

hopeless - निराशाजनक, निराश, हताश, निकम्मा

busybody - दख़लंदाज़

stimulated - उत्तेजित करना, प्रोत्साहित करना

endeavoured - प्रयत्न, प्रयत्न करना

break through - तुरंत तोड़ना

reticence - चुप्पी, संकोच, अल्पभाषिता

concerned - अभिरुचि, दिलचस्पी, संबंध

pronouncing - निर्णय देना, घोषित करना

judgment - विचार, जाँच, समझ, विवेक, अनुमान

objectless - अविवर्तित

engage - नियुक्त करना, आकर्षित करना

My health forbade me from venturing out unless the weather was exceptionally genial, and I had no friends who would call upon me and break the monotony of my daily existence. Under these circumstances, I eagerly hailed the little mystery which hung around my companion, and spent much of my time in endeavouring to unravel it.

forbade - रोकना, मना करना, वर्जित करना

venturing out - आगमन करना

Unless - जब तक

exceptionally - अपवादात्मक रूप से

genial - प्रसन्नचित

monotony - ऊब, नीरसता, एकस्वरता

daily - रोजाना, दैनिक, प्रतिदिन का

eagerly - व्यग्रता से

hung around - घूमना

endeavouring - प्रयत्न, प्रयत्न करना

unravel - असफल होना, सुलझाना, उधड़ना

He was not studying medicine. He had himself, in reply to a question, confirmed Stamford's opinion upon that point. Neither did he appear to have pursued any course of reading which might fit him for a degree in science or any other recognized portal which would give him an entrance into the learned world.

Medicine - औषध

reply - जवाब, जवाब देना, उत्तर देना

confirmed - निश्चित करना, पक्का करना

appear - दिखना

pursued - पाने की कोशिश करना, लगे रहना

portal - प्रवेशमार्ग

entrance - प्रवेश मार्ग, द्वार

Yet his zeal for certain studies was remarkable, and within eccentric limits his knowledge was so extraordinarily ample and minute that his observations have fairly astounded me. Surely no man would work so hard or attain such precise information unless he had some definite end in view. Desultory readers are seldom remarkable for the exactness of their learning.

zeal - उत्सुकता, जोश, औत्सुक्य, उत्साह

Certain - अनिवार्य, विश्वसनीय, नियत, कोई

within - में, भीतर, अंदर, के अंदर

limits - मर्यादा, हद, सीमा, पाबंदी

extraordinarily - असामान्य ढंग से

ample - प्रचुर, पर्याप्त

observations - विचार, कथन, देखरेख, निरख/अवलोकन

astounded - चकित करना, अचंभित करना

surely - निश्चित रूप से, अवश्य

attain - पाना, प्राप्त करना, सिद्ध करना

precise - ठीक, स्पष्ट, नियत, निश्चित

view - दर्शन

seldom - कभी कभी

remarkable - विलक्षण, विशिष्ट, उल्लेखनीय

exactness - सटीकपन

No man burdens his mind with small matters unless he has some very good reason for doing so.

burdens - कष्ट देना, पर भार डालना, भार

matters - समस्या, महत्व, तत्व, भार, चीज

His ignorance was as remarkable as his knowledge. Of contemporary literature, philosophy and politics he appeared to know next to nothing. Upon my quoting Thomas Carlyle, he inquired in the naivest way who he might be and what he had done. my surprise reached a climax, however, when I found incidentally that he was ignorant of the Copernican Theory and of the composition of the Solar System.

ignorance - अज्ञान, अविद्या, बेखबरी, नासमझी

contemporary literature - आधुनिक साहित्य

Philosophy - दर्शन, फ़लसफ़ा, तत्व

politics - विवेकपूर्ण, उचित, चतुर, नीतिकुशल

quoting - प्रस्तुत करना, उद्धृत करना

inquired - पूछना, पता लगाना, छानबीन करना

naivest - सरल, अदीक्षित, भोला, अनुभवहीन

my surprise - मेरा अचंभित

climax - शिखर, पराकाष्ठा, चरम बिन्दु

incidentally - अकस्मात, प्रसंगवश, संयोग से

ignorant - अनभिज्ञ, अनपढ, अज्ञानि

Copernican - कॉपर्निकन

theory - सिद्धांत, नज़रिया, तथ्य

composition - बनावट, लेखन, संरचना, समझौता

solar - सौर मण्डल, सौर्य, सूर्य

system - रीति, क्रम, सारणी, सिस्टम

That any civilized human being in this nineteenth century should not be aware that the earth travelled round the sun appeared to be to me such an extraordinary fact that I could hardly realize it.

civilized - सुधारना, सभ्य बनाना

human - इंसान, मनुष्य, मानव, इंसानी

nineteenth - उन्नीसवाँ

aware - अवगत, परिचित, सचेत, आगाह

realize - प्राप्त करना, समझना

"You appear to be astonished," he said, smiling at my expression of surprise. "Now that I do know it I shall do my best to forget it."

be astonished - हैरान होना

smiling - स्मिता, (smile), tमुस्कान

surprise - अचम्भा, आश्चर्य, चकित करना

"To forget it!"

"You see," he explained, "I consider that a man's brain originally is like a little empty attic, and you have to stock it with such furniture as you choose.

brain - मस्तिष्क, tदिमाग़

originally - स्पष्टतः, आदि में

empty - रिक्त, छूछा, ख़ाली

attic - अटारी

stock - भंडार, संचय, संग्रह

furniture - असबाब, फ़र्नीचर

A fool takes in all the lumber of every sort that he comes across, so that the knowledge which might be useful to him gets crowded out, or at best is jumbled up with a lot of other things so that he has a difficulty in laying his hands upon it. Now the skilful workman is very careful indeed as to what he takes into his brain-attic.

fool - मूर्ख

takes in - लेता है

lumber - इमारती लकड़ी, काठ कबाड़

sort - किस्म, प्रकार

comes across - आगे आता है

jumbled - मिलाना, गड्ड मड्ड होना

laying - लेयिंग, (lay) लेयिंग

skilful - निपुण, कुशल, कौशलपूर्ण

workman - मजदूर

He will have nothing but the tools which may help him in doing his work, but of these he has a large assortment, and all in the most perfect order. It is a mistake to think that that little room has elastic walls and can distend to any extent. Depend upon it there comes a time when for every addition of knowledge you forget something that you knew before.

tools - चलाना, सजाना, साधन, हाथ, पंजा

assortment - मिश्र, संकलन

most perfect - सबसे पूर्ण

little room - छोटी कमरा

elastic - मुलायम, लचीला, प्रफुल्ल, लचकदार

distend - फूलना, फैल् जाना

extent - विस्तार

Depend - निर्भर, निर्भर होना, भरोसा रखना

Addition - जोड़

It is of the highest importance, therefore, not to have useless facts elbowing out the useful ones."

importance - अहमियत

useless - बेकार

elbowing - चीर कर जाना, कोना, कोहनी

"But the Solar System!" I protested.

protested - विरोध करना, विरोध, प्रतिवाद

"What the deuce is it to me?" he interrupted impatiently; "you say that we go round the sun. If we went round the moon it would not make a pennyworth of difference to me or to my work."

What the deuce - क्या दुष्टता

interrupted - रोकना, टोकना, रोक देना, काटना

impatiently - अधीरतापूर्वक, अधीरत से

go round - घूमना

moon - चन्द्रमा, चंद्रमा, चांद, चंद्र

Pennyworth - पेनीवर्थ

I was on the point of asking him what that work might be, but something in his manner showed me that the question would be an unwelcome one. I pondered over our short conversation, however, and endeavoured to draw my deductions from it. He said that he would acquire no knowledge which did not bear upon his object. Therefore all the knowledge which he possessed was such as would be useful to him.

manner - आचरण, प्रक्रिया, शैली, शिष्टता

unwelcome - नापसन्द/अप्रिय/अनिष्ट, अवांछनीय

pondered - विचार करना

deductions - घटाना, घटाव, कटौती, निगमन

acquire - प्राप्त करना, लाना

bear - धारण करना

possessed - रखना, पर नियंट्रण रखना

I enumerated in my own mind all the various points upon which he had shown me that he was exceptionally well-informed. I even took a pencil and jotted them down. I could not help smiling at the document when I had completed it. It ran in this way-

enumerated - गणना करना, सूची बनाना, गिन

various - विभिन्न

informed - बताना, सूचित करना, प्रेरित करना

jotted them down - उन्हें लिख दिया

document - दस्तावेज़, सनद, काग़ज़


1. Knowledge of Literature.-Nil.

literature - साहित्य, अदब

nil - शून्य, सिफ़र, कुछ नहीं

2. Philosophy.-Nil.

3. Astronomy.-Nil.

astronomy - खगोल शास्त्र

4. Politics.-Feeble.

feeble - अशक्त, दुर्बल, मामूली, क्षीण

5. Botany.-Variable. Well up in belladonna,

Botany - वनस्पति विज्ञान

variable - चर

belladonna - { "error": { "message": "The server had an error while processing your request Sorry about that!"

opium, and poisons generally.

opium - अफ़ीम, अहिफेन, अफेन

Knows nothing of practical gardening.

practical - व्यावहारिक, अभ्यास सिद्ध

6. Geology.-Practical, but limited.

geology - भूविज्ञान, भौमिकी

limited - सीमित, मर्यादित, (limit) सीमित

Tells at a glance different soils

glance - चमकना, ग्लांस करना, नजर डालना

soils - मैला करना, कलंकित करना

from each other. After walks has

shown me splashes upon his trousers,

splashes - चित्ती, धब्बा, छपछपाते हुए चलना

and told me by their colour and

consistence in what part of London

consistence - तालमेल, सामंजस्य

he had received them.

received - पाना, स्वीकार करना

7. Chemistry.-Profound.

chemistry - रसायन शास्त्र

profound - गहन, गहरा, पारंगत, अथाह, गाढ़ा

8. Anatomy.-Accurate, but unsystematic.

unsystematic - अव्यवस्थित

9. Sensational Literature.-Immense. He appears

sensational - शानदार, खलबली मचाने वाला

immense - असीम, अमित, विपल, विशाल

to know every detail of every horror

horror - दहशत, आतंक, भय

perpetrated in the century.

perpetrated - करना, पाप या दोष करना

10. Plays the violin well.

11. Is an expert singlestick player, boxer, and swordsman.

singlestick - सिंगल स्टिक

boxer - बौक्सर कुत्ता, बौक्सर कुत्ता

swordsman - तलवारबाज़, शमशीरबाज़, तलवारिया

12. Has a good practical knowledge of British law.

law - कानून

When I had got so far in my list I threw it into the fire in despair. "If I can only find what the fellow is driving at by reconciling all these accomplishments, and discovering a calling which needs them all," I said to myself, "I may as well give up the attempt at once."

despair - निराशा, मायूसी

reconciling - मिलाना, मेल मिलाप कराना

accomplishments - समापन, कार्यसिद्धि, कौशल

discovering - पता लगाना, समझना, पता लगाना

attempt - कोशिश करना

I see that I have alluded above to his powers upon the violin. These were very remarkable, but as eccentric as all his other accomplishments. That he could play pieces, and difficult pieces, I knew well, because at my request he has played me some of Mendelssohn's Lieder, and other favourites. When left to himself, however, he would seldom produce any music or attempt any recognized air.

powers - बल, सत्ता, प्रभावशाली, शक्ति

request - निवेदन, अनुरोध, फ़रमाइश

Lieder - एकल गीतअ, एकल गीतअ

produce - उत्पादन करना

Leaning back in his arm-chair of an evening, he would close his eyes and scrape carelessly at the fiddle which was thrown across his knee. Sometimes the chords were sonorous and melancholy. Occasionally they were fantastic and cheerful.

leaning - प्रवृत्ति, झुकाव

arm-chair - (arm-chair) आर्म कुर्सी

scrape - कुरेदना, छीलना

carelessly - लापरवाही से, असावधानतः

fiddle - ठीक करना, हेरा फेरी करना

thrown - झुकाना, चलाना, दिखाना, लगाना

chords - स्वरसंघात, डोरी, तार

sonorous - गुंजायमान, सुरीला

melancholy - निराशाजनक, उदासी की अवस्था

cheerful - चमकीला, आनन्दित, प्रसन्न

Clearly they reflected the thoughts which possessed him, but whether the music aided those thoughts, or whether the playing was simply the result of a whim or fancy was more than I could determine.

Clearly - साफ साफ, नि: सन्देह

reflected - विचार करना, दर्शाना

thoughts - विचार, मत, इरादा, विचारधारा

aided - सहायता, मदद, मदद करना, साधन

whim - सनक

determine - निश्चित करना, तय करना

I might have rebelled against these exasperating solos had it not been that he usually terminated them by playing in quick succession a whole series of my favourite airs as a slight compensation for the trial upon my patience.

rebelled - राज विरोधी, विद्रोही

exasperating - उत्तेजित करना, उत्तेजित करना

solos - एकल गायन या वादन, अकेले, एकल

terminated - समाप्त करना, तक जाना

in quick succession - त्वरित अनुक्रम में

series - शृंखला

Slight - थोड़ा

compensation - मुआवजा, हरजाना, हर्जाना

trial - योग्यता की परीक्षा

patience - सहन, धैर्य

During the first week or so we had no callers, and I had begun to think that my companion was as friendless a man as I was myself. Presently, however, I found that he had many acquaintances, and those in the most different classes of society. There was one little sallow rat-faced, dark-eyed fellow who was introduced to me as Mr. Lestrade, and who came three or four times in a single week.

friendless - मित्रहीन

Presently - अभी, शीघ्र ही, संप्रति

acquaintances - ज्ञान, पहचान, परिचित, परिचय

most different - सबसे अलग

Society - समाज

sallow - पीला

rat - चूहा

One morning a young girl called, fashionably dressed, and stayed for half an hour or more. The same afternoon brought a grey-headed, seedy visitor, looking like a Jew pedlar, who appeared to me to be much excited, and who was closely followed by a slip-shod elderly woman.

seedy - घटिया, बिजैला, बीमार, फटीचर

Jew - यहूदी

pedlar - फेरी वाला

closely - ध्यानपूर्वक, घनिष्ठ रूप से

slip - फिसल जाना

elderly - बुज़ुर्ग

On another occasion an old white-haired gentleman had an interview with my companion; and on another a railway porter in his velveteen uniform. When any of these nondescript individuals put in an appearance, Sherlock Holmes used to beg for the use of the sitting-room, and I would retire to my bed-room. He always apologized to me for putting me to this inconvenience.

haired - एक विशेष प्रकार के बाल

Railway - रेलवे

porter - कुली, (port) कुली

velveteen - कृत्रिम मखमल

uniform - वर्दी, यूनिफ़ॉर्म

nondescript - साधारण

individuals - विशिष्ट, व्यक्ति, अलग अलग, आदमी

beg for - कुचलना

retire - अलग हो जाना

apologized - क्षमा मांगना

inconvenience - कष्ट देना, कष्ट देना, असुविधा

"I have to use this room as a place of business," he said, "and these people are my clients." Again I had an opportunity of asking him a point blank question, and again my delicacy prevented me from forcing another man to confide in me. I imagined at the time that he had some strong reason for not alluding to it, but he soon dispelled the idea by coming round to the subject of his own accord.

clients - उपभोगता, ग्राहक, असामी

opportunity - अवसर, मौक़ा

blank - खाली, भावशून्य, शून्य, सादा

prevented - रोकना, बचाना, मना करना

forcing - बल, गुण, दल, विवश करना, शक्ति

confide - बताना, सौंपना, गुप्त बात बताना

alluding - संकेत करना, ज़िक्र करना

dispelled - दूर करना, दूर करना

accord - समझौता

It was upon the 4th of March, as I have good reason to remember, that I rose somewhat earlier than usual, and found that Sherlock Holmes had not yet finished his breakfast. The landlady had become so accustomed to my late habits that my place had not been laid nor my coffee prepared. With the unreasonable petulance of mankind I rang the bell and gave a curt intimation that I was ready.

somewhat - कुछ, किंचित, थोड़ा बहुत, कुछ कुछ

usual - हमेशा, हमेशा का, आम, सामान्य

landlady - मकान मालकिन, मालकिन

accustomed - आदी बना करना, साधना

laid - करना, गिरा देना, देना, संभोग

unreasonable - अविवेकपूर्ण, असंगत, अनुचित

petulance - बदमिजाज़ी, चिडचिडापन

bell - घंटा

curt - रूखा, मुँहतोड उत्तर

intimation - सूचना, संकेत, इत्तला

Then I picked up a magazine from the table and attempted to while away the time with it, while my companion munched silently at his toast. One of the articles had a pencil mark at the heading, and I naturally began to run my eye through it.

picked - फ़ोटो

attempted - प्रयास, प्रयत्न, कोशिश करना

munched - चबाना, चपर चपर खाना

silently - खामोशी से, चुपचाप

toast - भून, सेंक

Its somewhat ambitious title was "The Book of Life," and it attempted to show how much an observant man might learn by an accurate and systematic examination of all that came in his way. It struck me as being a remarkable mixture of shrewdness and of absurdity. The reasoning was close and intense, but the deductions appeared to me to be far-fetched and exaggerated.

ambitious - उच्चाकांक्षी, महत्वाकांक्षी

observant - चौकस, अनुपालक

shrewdness - समझदारी, कुशाग्रता

absurdity - असंगति, बेवकूफ़ी, जड़ता

intense - अत्यधिक, तीव्र, भावुक, गहन

fetched - जाकर लाना, दाम पर बिकना, ले आना

exaggerated - बढा चढा कर कहना, बढ़ा चढ़ाकर कहना

The writer claimed by a momentary expression, a twitch of a muscle or a glance of an eye, to fathom a man's inmost thoughts. Deceit, according to him, was an impossibility in the case of one trained to observation and analysis. His conclusions were as infallible as so many propositions of Euclid.

claimed - दावा करना, का पात्र होना, लेना

momentary - क्षणिक

twitch - झटकना

fathom - गहराई

inmost - अंतर्तम, केंद्र के समीपस्थ

deceit - धोखा, छल

according - मिलना[मिलाना], इच्छा, मिलना

impossibility - असंभवता, अशक्यता, असम्भवता

case - मामला

observation - अवलोकन, प्रेक्षण

analysis - विश्लेषण

conclusions - समाप्ति, निष्कर्ष, अंतिम निर्णय

propositions - समस्या, वचन, सुझाव

Euclid - Greek mathematician

So startling would his results appear to the uninitiated that until they learned the processes by which he had arrived at them they might well consider him as a necromancer.

startling - चौंका देने वाला, आश्चर्यजनक

uninitiated - अदीक्षित, अगुरु, निगुरा

processes - विधि, बढोत्तरी, तैयार करना

necromancer - ओझा, जादूगर

"From a drop of water," said the writer, "a logician could infer the possibility of an Atlantic or a Niagara without having seen or heard of one or the other. So all life is a great chain, the nature of which is known whenever we are shown a single link of it.

drop of water - पानी का ड्रॉप

logician - तर्क शास्त्री

infer - अनुमान करना, अनुमान लगाना

possibility - संभावना, सम्भवता, घटनीयता

Atlantic - एटलांटिकीय, एटलांटिक

Niagara - नियागरा

chain - सिलसिला, ज़ंजीर, श्रृंखला

nature - प्रकृति, फ़ितरत, तबीयत, tक़ुदरत

whenever - कब, जब भी, जिस समय भी

link - कडी़

Like all other arts, the Science of Deduction and Analysis is one which can only be acquired by long and patient study nor is life long enough to allow any mortal to attain the highest possible perfection in it. Before turning to those moral and mental aspects of the matter which present the greatest difficulties, let the enquirer begin by mastering more elementary problems.

acquired - प्राप्त करना, लाना

patient - रोगी, मरीज़, बीमार

allow - इजाज़त देना

mortal - घातक, मर्त्य/मरणशील, भीषण

highest possible - सर्वोत्तम संभव

perfection - कमाल

moral - नैतिक

mental - मानसिक

Aspects - दृष्टिकोण, गुण, रूप, पहलू, रूख

difficulties - समस्या, कठिनता, कठिनाई, असुविधा

enquirer - प्रश्नकर्ता

mastering - , (master)

elementary - साधारण, प्रारंभिक

Let him, on meeting a fellow-mortal, learn at a glance to distinguish the history of the man, and the trade or profession to which he belongs. Puerile as such an exercise may seem, it sharpens the faculties of observation, and teaches one where to look and what to look for.

distinguish - अलग करना, पहचानना, पहचान्ना

trade - व्यापार

profession - पेशा, वृत्ति, व्यवसाय, व्यवहार

belongs - होना, रखना, सम्बन्ध रखना, बैठना

puerile - बचकाना, बालिश

sharpens - तेज़ हो जाना, तेज़ करना

faculties - शक्ति, संकाय, योग्यता, क्षमता

By a man's finger nails, by his coat-sleeve, by his boot, by his trouser knees, by the callosities of his forefinger and thumb, by his expression, by his shirt cuffs-by each of these things a man's calling is plainly revealed. That all united should fail to enlighten the competent enquirer in any case is almost inconceivable."

finger nails - नाखून

trouser - पैंट

callosities - निष्ठुरता

forefinger - देशिनी, तर्जनी अँगुली, तर्जनी

thumb - अंगूठा

cuffs - तमाचा मारना, थप्पड़ मारना

plainly - साफ़ तौर पर, साफ़ साफ़

revealed - बताना, दिखाना, प्रकट करना

United - मिलना, मिलाना

fail - असफल

enlighten - जानकारी देना, जानकारी देना

competent - सक्षम, समर्थ, क्षमताशाली

almost - लगभग, तक़रीबन, प्राय

inconceivable - अचिन्त्य, कल्पनातीत

"What ineffable twaddle!" I cried, slapping the magazine down on the table, "I never read such rubbish in my life."

ineffable - अनिर्वचनीय, अकथनीय, अवर्णनीय

twaddle - गप्प लगाना, बकवाद

slapping - सीधे, ठीक, तमाचा मारना

rubbish - कटु आलोचना करना, मल, रद्दी

"What is it?" asked Sherlock Holmes.

"Why, this article," I said, pointing at it with my egg spoon as I sat down to my breakfast. "I see that you have read it since you have marked it. I don't deny that it is smartly written. It irritates me though. It is evidently the theory of some arm-chair lounger who evolves all these neat little paradoxes in the seclusion of his own study. It is not practical.

spoon - चम्मच

Since - से

marked - छाप, चिन्ह, लक्षण, निशाना

deny - अस्वीकार करना

smartly - जोशीले ढंग से

irritates - परेशान करना, उत्तेजित करना

evidently - स्पष्ट रूप से, स्पष्ट रूप से

lounger - आलसी व्यक्ति, आलसी व्यक्ति

evolves - विकसित होना, विकसित करना

neat - स्वच्छ, साफ

Paradoxes - विरोधोक्ति, विरोधाभास

seclusion - एकांत, एकांतता

I should like to see him clapped down in a third class carriage on the Underground, and asked to give the trades of all his fellow-travellers. I would lay a thousand to one against him."

clapped - ताली बजाना

third - तीसरा, तृतीय, तीजा

carriage - गाड़ी

underground - गुप्त, भूमिगत, सुरंग रेल

trades - उद्योग, व्यापार करना, कारोबार

travellers - पर्यटक, यात्री, मुसाफिर

lay - रखना

"You would lose your money," Sherlock Holmes remarked calmly. "As for the article I wrote it myself."

calmly - शांतिपूर्वक, शान्ती से


"Yes, I have a turn both for observation and for deduction. The theories which I have expressed there, and which appear to you to be so chimerical are really extremely practical-so practical that I depend upon them for my bread and cheese."

theories - सिद्धांत, सिद्धान्त, परिकल्पना

expressed - बताना, प्रकट, प्रकट करना, तुरंत

chimerical - of or pertaining to a chimera

"And how?" I asked involuntarily.

involuntarily - सितारा मछली, अनिच्छा से

"Well, I have a trade of my own. I suppose I am the only one in the world. I'm a consulting detective, if you can understand what that is. Here in London we have lots of Government detectives and lots of private ones. When these fellows are at fault they come to me, and I manage to put them on the right scent.

trade - व्यापार, तिजारत, सौदा

consulting - विचार विमर्श करना, राय लेना

Government - सरकार, हुकूमत

Detectives - खूफिया पुलिस, गुप्तचर, जासूसी

fault - खोट, दोष

manage - देखभाल करना, रखना, लेना

scent - गंध

They lay all the evidence before me, and I am generally able, by the help of my knowledge of the history of crime, to set them straight. There is a strong family resemblance about misdeeds, and if you have all the details of a thousand at your finger ends, it is odd if you can't unravel the thousand and first. Lestrade is a well-known detective.

evidence - साक्ष्य, प्रमाण, सबूत

my knowledge - मेरी ज्ञान

straight - सीधा

resemblance - सादृश्य, समानता

misdeeds - बुरा काम, दुष्कर्म, असत्‌ कर्म

odd - विषम

Detective - जासूस, गुप्तचर, भेदिया, मुखबिर

He got himself into a fog recently over a forgery case, and that was what brought him here."

Fog - कोहरा

recently - हाल ही में, अभी अभी, हाल मेँ

Forgery - नकली, नकल, जालसाज़ी

"And these other people?"

"They are mostly sent on by private inquiry agencies. They are all people who are in trouble about something, and want a little enlightening. I listen to their story, they listen to my comments, and then I pocket my fee."

mostly - ज़्यादातर, अधिकतर

sent on - भेजा गया

agencies - माध्यम, संस्था

trouble - तकलीफ़, कष्ट, दिक़्क़त, दिक्कत

enlightening - जानकारी देना, जानकारी देना

comments - टीका टिप्पणी करना, टिप्पणी

Pocket - जेब, चेद

fee - शुल्क, वेतन, फ़ीस

"But do you mean to say," I said, "that without leaving your room you can unravel some knot which other men can make nothing of, although they have seen every detail for themselves?"

knot - गांठ

although - अपी, हालाँकि, अगरचे

themselves - स्वयं, खुद

"quite so. I have a kind of intuition that way. Now and again a case turns up which is a little more complex. Then I have to bustle about and see things with my own eyes. You see I have a lot of special knowledge which I apply to the problem, and which facilitates matters wonderfully.

quite so - ठीक है

intuition - अन्तर्ज्ञान, अंतर्बोध

turns up - उठाता है

complex - जटिल, पेचीदा, ग्रन्थ्, मिक्ष

bustle - हलचल

apply - लागू करना

facilitates - सुकर, सरल बनाना, सरल बनाना

wonderfully - बहुत अच्छे ढंग से

Those rules of deduction laid down in that article which aroused your scorn, are invaluable to me in practical work. Observation with me is second nature. You appeared to be surprised when I told you, on our first meeting, that you had come from Afghanistan."

laid down - निर्धारित किया

aroused - उत्तेजित करना, उत्तेजित, जगाना

scorn - तिरस्कार, तिरस्कार करना

invaluable - बहुमूल्य, अमूल्य

practical work - प्रैक्टिकल कार्य

"You were told, no doubt."

"Nothing of the sort. I knew you came from Afghanistan. From long habit the train of thoughts ran so swiftly through my mind, that I arrived at the conclusion without being conscious of intermediate steps. There were such steps, however. The train of reasoning ran, 'Here is a gentleman of a medical type, but with the air of a military man. Clearly an army doctor, then.

habit - आदत

train of thoughts - विचारों की रेल

Swiftly - तेज़ी से, तेज़ी से

conscious - सतर्क, जागरूक, साभिप्राय, चेतन

intermediate - मध्यवर्ती, माध्यमिक

military - जंगी, सैन्य, अस्करी, सैनिक

army doctor - सेना चिकित्सक

He has just come from the tropics, for his face is dark, and that is not the natural tint of his skin, for his wrists are fair. He has undergone hardship and sickness, as his haggard face says clearly. His left arm has been injured. He holds it in a stiff and unnatural manner. Where in the tropics could an English army doctor have seen much hardship and got his arm wounded?

tint - हलका रंग

skin - त्वचा

wrists - कलाई, पहुँचा

fair - गोरा

hardship - कष्ट, मशक्कत, सख्ती

sickness - रोग, बीमारी, मिचली, उल्टी आना

haggard - थका-हारा

injured - घायल, नुकसान पहुच्ना

holds - खाव, मन्ना, धारण करना

stiff - कठोर, कठिन, रूखा, हठीला, सख्त

unnatural - अस्वाभाविक, कृत्रिम, बनावटी

tropics - उष्णकटिबन्ध

Clearly in Afghanistan.'The whole train of thought did not occupy a second. I then remarked that you came from Afghanistan, and you were astonished."

occupy - रहना, ग्रहण करना, कब्जा करना

astonished - ठगा सा, आश्चर्य होना, चकित करना

"It is simple enough as you explain it," I said, smiling. "You remind me of Edgar Allen Poe's Dupin. I had no idea that such individuals did exist outside of stories."

simple - सरल, आसान

remind - याद दिलाना

Edgar - male given name

exist - ज़िन्दा होना

Sherlock Holmes rose and lit his pipe. "No doubt you think that you are complimenting me in comparing me to Dupin," he observed. "Now, in my opinion, Dupin was a very inferior fellow. That trick of his of breaking in on his friends'thoughts with an apropos remark after a quarter of an hour's silence is really very showy and superficial.

pipe - पाइप, नल

complimenting - प्रशंसा, प्रशंसा करना

observed - अनुपालन करना, कहना, देखना

inferior - छोटा, घटिया, तुच्छ, निम्न, अधीन

trick - शरारत, बहकाना, धोखा, चाल, कठिन

breaking in - तोड़ना

apropos - सही समय पर, के विषय में

remark - प्रतिक्रिया, ध्यान देना

quarter of an hour's - पांच मिनट का

silence - ख़ामोशी, चुप्पी, मौनता

showy - दिखावा

superficial - सतही

He had some analytical genius, no doubt; but he was by no means such a phenomenon as Poe appeared to imagine."

analytical - विश्लेषी

genius - तेज़ दिमाग वाला

phenomenon - तथ्य, अजिबोगरीब, अद्भुत घटना

"Have you read Gaboriau's works?" I asked. "Does Lecoq come up to your idea of a detective?"

Sherlock Holmes sniffed sardonically. "Lecoq was a miserable bungler," he said, in an angry voice; "he had only one thing to recommend him, and that was his energy. That book made me positively ill. The question was how to identify an unknown prisoner. I could have done it in twenty-four hours. Lecoq took six months or so. It might be made a text-book for detectives to teach them what to avoid."

sniffed - नाक सुड़कना, भनक, गंध, सिसकी

sardonically - उप्हासपूर्ण ढंग से

miserable - दुःखी, उदास

bungler - फूहड़

voice - आवाज

recommend - सिफ़ारिश करना

positively - निश्चित रूप से, निश्चित रुप से

ill - बीमार, रोगी

identify - समझना, पहचानना, शिनाख्त करना

an unknown - अज्ञात

prisoner - बंदी, क़ैदी, बद्धक

avoid - रोकना, दूर रहना, टालना, से बचना

I felt rather indignant at having two characters whom I had admired treated in this cavalier style. I walked over to the window, and stood looking out into the busy street. "This fellow may be very clever," I said to myself, "but he is certainly very conceited."

indignant - रुष्ट

characters - दर्जा, प्रतिष्ठा, गुण, आचरण

admired - समादर करना, प्रशंसा करना

treated - देना, व्यवहार करना, विवेचन करना

cavalier - अभिमानी, लापरवाह, अश्वारोही

clever - होशियार

conceited - घमण्ड, हास्योक्ति, गुमान

"There are no crimes and no criminals in these days," he said, querulously. "What is the use of having brains in our profession. I know well that I have it in me to make my name famous. No man lives or has ever lived who has brought the same amount of study and of natural talent to the detection of crime which I have done. And what is the result?

criminals - पापी, अपराधी, दण्ड, अनुचित

querulously - शिकायती ढंग से

brains - सिर फोड़ना, बुध्दि

amount - मात्रा

natural talent - प्राकृतिक कौशल

detection - खोज

There is no crime to detect, or, at most, some bungling villainy with a motive so transparent that even a Scotland Yard official can see through it."

detect - पकड़ पाना

bungling - बहसूनी, (bungle) बहसूनी

villainy - बदमाशी, खलनायकत्व

motive - प्रेरक, प्रयोजन, उद्देश्य, कारण

Scotland - स्कौटलैंड

Yard - गज़

official - अधिकारी

see through - दृष्टि के माध्यम से

I was still annoyed at his bumptious style of conversation. I thought it best to change the topic.

annoyed - परेशान करना, चिढ़ाना/सताना

bumptious - घमंडी, अक्खड़

"I wonder what that fellow is looking for?" I asked, pointing to a stalwart, plainly-dressed individual who was walking slowly down the other side of the street, looking anxiously at the numbers. He had a large blue envelope in his hand, and was evidently the bearer of a message.

stalwart - विश्वसनीय, निष्ठावान, बहादुर

individual - व्यक्ति

slowly - आहिस्ता, धीरे, धीरे-धीरे

side - तरफ

envelope - लिफाफा

bearer - वाहक, धारणकर्ता

"You mean the retired sergeant of Marines," said Sherlock Holmes.

retired - बाहर निकल जाना, अवकाश लेना

sergeant - सार्जण्ट, हवलदार olice, सारजंट

marines - समुद्री, नौसैनिक, समुद्रीय

"Brag and bounce!" thought I to myself. "He knows that I cannot verify his guess."

Brag - डींग, शेखी, डींग हाँकना

bounce - उछालना, उछलना, उत्साह, मारना

The thought had hardly passed through my mind when the man whom we were watching caught sight of the number on our door, and ran rapidly across the roadway. We heard a loud knock, a deep voice below, and heavy steps ascending the stair.

passed - आलोचना करना, ले जाना, घाटी

caught - होना, पाना, रोकना, सुनना, समझना

rapidly - शीघ्रता से, तेज़ी से

roadway - सड़क मार्ग, सड़क मार्ग

loud - ऊंचे स्वर वाला

knock - खटखटाना

heavy - भारी

ascending - चढना, बढना/चढ़ना, उपर उठना

stair - सीढ़ी, सीढी का

"For Mr. Sherlock Holmes," he said, stepping into the room and handing my friend the letter.

stepping - घाँस का मैदान

Here was an opportunity of taking the conceit out of him. He little thought of this when he made that random shot. "May I ask, my lad," I said, in the blandest voice, "what your trade may be?"

conceit - घमण्ड, हास्योक्ति, गुमान

random - यादृच्छिक

shot - मार, (shoot) मार

lad - बालक, लड़का

blandest - नीरस, बेस्वाद

"Commissionaire, sir," he said, gruffly. "Uniform away for repairs."

commissionaire - कमीशनर

gruffly - कड़कता से

repairs - जमाव, मरम्मत, सुधार, जाना

"And you were?" I asked, with a slightly malicious glance at my companion.

slightly - कुछ हद तक, दुबले ढंग से

malicious - द्वेषी, दुर्भावनापूर्ण

"A sergeant, sir, Royal Marine Light Infantry, sir. No answer? Right, sir."

Royal - शाही

marine - मैरीन

infantry - प्यादा, पदाति, पाजी

He clicked his heels together, raised his hand in a salute, and was gone.

clicked - घुल मिल जाना, खट खट

heels - एड़ी, कमीना आदमी, पिछला भाग

raised - करना, निकालना, उत्तेजित करना

salute - वन्द्


I CONFESS that I was considerably startled by this fresh proof of the practical nature of my companion's theories. My respect for his powers of analysis increased wondrously. There still remained some lurking suspicion in my mind, however, that the whole thing was a pre-arranged episode, intended to dazzle me, though what earthly object he could have in taking me in was past my comprehension.

startled - चकित, चौंक जाना, चौंकाना

Proof - प्रमाण, सबूत

respect - सम्मान, आदर

wondrously - शानदार ढंग से, आश्चर्यजनक रूप से

remained - रहना, बाकी रहना, भग्नावशेष

lurking - प्रच्छन्न, (lurk)

suspicion - खटका, अविश्वास, पुट, शक, संदेह

episode - वृतान्त, घटनाअना, कड़ी, अंतर्कथा

intended - भावी, नियत, अभीष्ट

dazzle - चकाचौंध

earthly - सांसारिक, संभावित, भौतिक

comprehension - बोध, समझ, अवगति, extension

When I looked at him he had finished reading the note, and his eyes had assumed the vacant, lack-lustre expression which showed mental abstraction.

lack - कमी होना

lustre - चमक

abstraction - निकालना, पृथक्करण, कल्पना

"How in the world did you deduce that?" I asked.

deduce - अनुमान लगाना, परिणाम निकालना

"Deduce what?" said he, petulantly.

petulantly - चिडचिडा कर

"Why, that he was a retired sergeant of Marines."

"I have no time for trifles," he answered, brusquely; then with a smile, "Excuse my rudeness. You broke the thread of my thoughts; but perhaps it is as well. So you actually were not able to see that that man was a sergeant of Marines?"

trifles - क्षुद्र धनराशि, छोटी सी बात

brusquely - रुखाई से, रूखेपन से, रुखाई से

Excuse - बहाना

rudeness - अशिष्टता, रूखापन

thread - धागा, सूत, सूत्र, तंत

actually - वास्तव में

"No, indeed."

"It was easier to know it than to explain why I knew it. If you were asked to prove that two and two made four, you might find some difficulty, and yet you are quite sure of the fact. Even across the street I could see a great blue anchor tattooed on the back of the fellow's hand. That smacked of the sea. He had a military carriage, however, and regulation side whiskers. There we have the marine.

Prove - सिद्ध करना

anchor - लंगर

tattooed - गोदना, त्वचा पर गोदना, गुदना

smacked - सीधे, स्वाद, ठीक, धमाका

regulation - विनियम

whiskers - गलमुच्छा, मूँछ

He was a man with some amount of self-importance and a certain air of command. You must have observed the way in which he held his head and swung his cane. A steady, respectable, middle-aged man, too, on the face of him-all facts which led me to believe that he had been a sergeant."

self - खुद, ख़ुद, स्वयं, नफ्स

Command - आदेश, आज्ञा, दस्तूर, फ़रमान

swung - परिवर्तन, लटकना, बदलना, घूमना

cane - बेत, बेँत

steady - दृढ़

respectable - प्रणम्य, नमनीय, आदरणीय

Middle - मध्य

"Wonderful!" I ejaculated.

"Commonplace," said Holmes, though I thought from his expression that he was pleased at my evident surprise and admiration. "I said just now that there were no criminals. It appears that I am wrong-look at this!" He threw me over the note which the commissionaire had brought. 7

commonplace - आम, आम बात, आम बात

evident - प्रकट, स्पष्ट, प्रत्यक्ष

admiration - तारीफ़, सफत, उपमा

"Why," I cried, as I cast my eye over it, "this is terrible!"

cast - ढालना, डालना

"It does seem to be a little out of the common," he remarked, calmly. "Would you mind reading it to me aloud?"

aloud - उच्च स्वर में, ज़ोर से

This is the letter which I read to him--


Dear Mr - प्रिय श्रीमंत

"There has been a bad business during the night at 3, Lauriston Gardens, off the Brixton Road. Our man on the beat saw a light there about two in the morning, and as the house was an empty one, suspected that something was amiss.

beat - धमकी

amiss - गलत, गड़बड़

He found the door open, and in the front room, which is bare of furniture, discovered the body of a gentleman, well dressed, and having cards in his pocket bearing the name of 'Enoch J. Drebber, Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.A.'There had been no robbery, nor is there any evidence as to how the man met his death. There are marks of blood in the room, but there is no wound upon his person.

bare - अनावृत

bearing - आचरण, (bear)

Cleveland - क्लीवलैंड

Ohio - U.S. state, river

robbery - लूट

marks - छाप, चिन्ह, लक्षण, निशाना

wound - घाव, चोट, ज़ख़्मी करना, आघात

We are at a loss as to how he came into the empty house; indeed, the whole affair is a puzzler. If you can come round to the house any time before twelve, you will find me there. I have left everything in statu quo until I hear from you. If you are unable to come I shall give you fuller details, and would esteem it a great kindness if you would favour me with your opinion. Yours faithfully,

Loss - घाटा

affair - घटना, समस्या, झगड़ा, वस्तु

puzzler - पज़लर

unable - असमर्थ

esteem - सम्मान करना, आदर, आदर/सम्मान

kindness - दया, मेहरबानी, दयालुता

favour - कृपा

faithfully - विश्वसनीय, ईमानदारी से


"Gregson is the smartest of the Scotland Yarders," my friend remarked; "he and Lestrade are the pick of a bad lot. They are both quick and energetic, but conventional-shockingly so. They have their knives into one another, too. They are as jealous as a pair of professional beauties. There will be some fun over this case if they are both put upon the scent."

smartest - बुद्धिमान, अच्छा

pick - उकसाना, खाना, हटाना, चयन, खोदना

energetic - बल, चुस्त, ओजस्वी, कर्मठ, तेजस

conventional - पारम्परिक, परमाणु रहित

shockingly - उद्वेगकारी ढंग से

knives - चाकू से काटना, छुरी

jealous - सतर्क, चौकन्ना, सावधान

professional - व्यावसायिक, अनुभवी व्यक्ति

beauties - सुन्दरता, अच्छी चीज़, सौंदर्य

I was amazed at the calm way in which he rippled on. "Surely there is not a moment to be lost," I cried, "shall I go and order you a cab?"

amazed - चकित कर देना

Calm - शांत

rippled - तरंगित होना, छोटी लहर

cab - टैक्सी

"I'm not sure about whether I shall go. I am the most incurably lazy devil that ever stood in shoe leather-that is, when the fit is on me, for I can be spry enough at times."

incurably - असुधार्य रूप से

leather - चमड़ा, चर्म

spry - प्रसन्न, फुर्तीला, चुस्त

"Why, it is just such a chance as you have been longing for."

chance - संयोग

longing for - अभिलाषा

"My dear fellow, what does it matter to me. Supposing I unravel the whole matter, you may be sure that Gregson, Lestrade, and Co. will pocket all the credit. That comes of being an unofficial personage."

supposing - अनुमान करते हुए, (suppose) अनुमान करते हुए

Co - सी ओ, सी ओ

unofficial - अनधिकारिक, ग़ैरसरकारी, अशास्कीय

personage - व्यक्ति, मान्य व्यक्ति

"But he begs you to help him."

begs - विनती करना, प्रार्थना करना

"Yes. He knows that I am his superior, and acknowledges it to me; but he would cut his tongue out before he would own it to any third person. However, we may as well go and have a look. I shall work it out on my own hook. I may have a laugh at them if I have nothing else. Come on!"

superior - उत्कृष्ट, अच्छा, श्रेष्ठ, उच्च

acknowledges - स्वीकार करना, माना जा जाना

tongue - जीभ, tज़बान, जिह्वा, लिसान

on my own hook - अपने आप के खिलाफ

He hustled on his overcoat, and bustled about in a way that showed that an energetic fit had superseded the apathetic one.

hustled - धक्का देना, धकिया कर ले जाना

overcoat - ओवरकोट, लबादा

bustled - हलचल

superseded - जगह लेना

apathetic - उदासीन

"Get your hat," he said.

"You wish me to come?"

wish - इच्छा, अभिलाषा, आरज़ू, आरजू

"Yes, if you have nothing better to do." A minute later we were both in a hansom, driving furiously for the Brixton Road.

furiously - in a furious manner, angrily

It was a foggy, cloudy morning, and a dun-coloured veil hung over the house-tops, looking like the reflection of the mud-coloured streets beneath. My companion was in the best of spirits, and prattled away about Cremona fiddles, and the difference between a Stradivarius and an Amati.

foggy - कोहरेदार, भ्रमपूर्ण, धुँधला

cloudy - मेघाच्छादित

veil - घूँघट

hung over - उलझा हुआ

tops - ऊपरी सतह, ऊपरी भागी

reflection - परावर्तन, प्रतिबिंब

beneath - नीचे की और, के योग्य, के नीचे

spirits - भावना, जोश, प्रेतात्मा, स्वभाव

prattled away - गलती से बोल रहा

Cremona - province, city

fiddles - ठीक करना, हेरा फेरी करना

Stradivarius - stringed instrument built by members of the Stradivari family

Amati - आमाती

As for myself, I was silent, for the dull weather and the melancholy business upon which we were engaged, depressed my spirits.

silent - चुप

engaged - नियुक्त करना, आकर्षित करना

depressed - कम करना, घटाना, दबाना

"You don't seem to give much thought to the matter in hand," I said at last, interrupting Holmes'musical disquisition.

interrupting - रोकना, टोकना, रोक देना, काटना

musical - म्यूज़िकल

disquisition - methodical inquiry or investigation

"No data yet," he answered. "It is a capital mistake to theorize before you have all the evidence. It biases the judgment."

data - तथ्य, स्वीकृत तत्व

theorize - अनुमान लगाना

biases - पक्षपात, झुकाव, दबाव डालना

"You will have your data soon," I remarked, pointing with my finger; "this is the Brixton Road, and that is the house, if I am not very much mistaken."

"So it is. Stop, driver, stop!" We were still a hundred yards or so from it, but he insisted upon our alighting, and we finished our journey upon foot.

yards - बाड़ा, रंगभूमि, अहाता, प्रांगण

insisted - अड़े रहना, जोर डालना, दृढ़ रहना

alighting - उतरना, जलता हुआ, प्रज्ज्वलित

Number 3, Lauriston Gardens wore an ill-omened and minatory look. It was one of four which stood back some little way from the street, two being occupied and two empty. The latter looked out with three tiers of vacant melancholy windows, which were blank and dreary, save that here and there a "To Let" card had developed like a cataract upon the bleared panes.

omened - पूर्वसूचना, संभावना, शगुन चिह्न

minatory - डरावना, धमकीपूर्ण

stood back - पीछे हट गया

occupied - रहना, ग्रहण करना, कब्जा करना

tiers - परत, श्रेणी, बंद, एक के ऊपर एक

dreary - नीरस, निराशाजनक, मन्द उदास

developed - विकसित

cataract - मोतियाबिंद, मोतियाबिन्द

panes - फलक, खिड़की का शीशा

A small garden sprinkled over with a scattered eruption of sickly plants separated each of these houses from the street, and was traversed by a narrow pathway, yellowish in colour, and consisting apparently of a mixture of clay and of gravel. The whole place was very sloppy from the rain which had fallen through the night.

sprinkled - फुहार, छिड़कना, छितराना

eruption - उद्भेदन, उदभेदन

sickly - अस्वस्थ, विवर्ण, अस्वास्थ्यकर

separated - रोकना, निकालना, भिन्न, बिखेरना

traversed - तय करना, पार करना, फैला होना

pathway - पथ

yellowish - पीताभ, पीला सा

consisting - होना, शामिल होना, युक्त हो

apparently - स्पष्ट रूप से, बिल्कुल

clay - मृत्तिका, चिकनी मिट्टी

gravel - बजरी

sloppy - लापरवाह

The garden was bounded by a three-foot brick wall with a fringe of wood rails upon the top, and against this wall was leaning a stalwart police constable, surrounded by a small knot of loafers, who craned their necks and strained their eyes in the vain hope of catching some glimpse of the proceedings within.

bounded - सीमित, सीमित करना, सीमित करना

brick - ईंट

fringe - किनारा, फुंदना, गौण गतिविधि

wood - लकड़ी

rails - रेलवे, निंदा करना, रेल पटरी

top - ऊपरी सतह, ऊपरी भागी

against this - इसके खिलाफ

police constable - पुलिस कांस्टेबल

surrounded - किनारा, भरा होना, चारों ओर होना

loafers - लफंगा, आवारा, आवारागर्द

craned - क्रेन, सारस, गर्दन आगे निकालना

necks - गरदन, कंठ, आलिंगन करना, गला

strained - थकाना, गाना, मोच

vain - व्यर्थ, अहंकारी, खोखला, असार

catching - संक्रामक, (catch), पकड़ना

Glimpse - झलक, झाँकी

proceedings - सभा, अनुष्ठान, कार्रवाई

I had imagined that Sherlock Holmes would at once have hurried into the house and plunged into a study of the mystery. Nothing appeared to be further from his intention. With an air of nonchalance which, under the circumstances, seemed to me to border upon affectation, he lounged up and down the pavement, and gazed vacantly at the ground, the sky, the opposite houses and the line of railings.

hurried - जल्दी करना, हुत जल्दबाजी, जल्दी

plunged - उछाल आना, फँसाना, प्रवेश करना

intention - इरादा

nonchalance - उदासीनता, निश्चिंतता

border - सीमा, सरहद

affectation - दिखावा, ढोंग, बनावटी बर्ताव

lounged - बैठक, सुस्ताना, लॉंज

pavement - पटरी, छज्जा, फर्श

gazed - एक्टक देखने ताला, टकटकी

vacantly - भावशून्य ढंग से

sky - आसमान, आकाश

Having finished his scrutiny, he proceeded slowly down the path, or rather down the fringe of grass which flanked the path, keeping his eyes riveted upon the ground. Twice he stopped, and once I saw him smile, and heard him utter an exclamation of satisfaction.

scrutiny - सूक्ष्म परीक्षण

grass - घास

flanked - मकान का किनारा, बीच में

path - मार्ग

riveted - कीलक, खूँटी से जड़ना

utter - पूर्ण

exclamation - विस्मयादिबोधक, विस्मयसूच्हक

satisfaction - स्पष्टीकरण, पूर्ति, संतोष

There were many marks of footsteps upon the wet clayey soil, but since the police had been coming and going over it, I was unable to see how my companion could hope to learn anything from it. Still I had had such extraordinary evidence of the quickness of his perceptive faculties, that I had no doubt that he could see a great deal which was hidden from me.

Footsteps - चरणचिन्ह, पैरों की आहट

wet - गीला

clayey - चिकनी मिट्टी जैसा

soil - धरती, मिट्टी, खाद, मल

quickness - तत्परता, कुशाग्रता

perceptive - , अनुभव करने में सक्षम

hidden - गुप्त रखना, छिपने की जगह

At the door of the house we were met by a tall, white-faced, flaxen-haired man, with a notebook in his hand, who rushed forward and wrung my companion's hand with effusion. "It is indeed kind of you to come," he said, "I have had everything left untouched."

flaxen - सन के रंग का

notebook - नोटबुक, कापी

rushed forward - आगे धक्का दिया

wrung - ऐंठना, रूप बिगाड़ना, विकृत करना

effusion - बहाव

untouched - अक्षत, अनछुआ, अप्रभावित, अछूता

"Except that!" my friend answered, pointing at the pathway. "If a herd of buffaloes had passed along there could not be a greater mess. No doubt, however, you had drawn your own conclusions, Gregson, before you permitted this."

Except - को छोड़कर, शामिल नहिं करना

herd - पशुओं का झुण्ड

buffaloes - भैंस, भैंसा

along - साथ

mess - भोजनालय

permitted - परमिट, अनुमति देना, अनुमति

"I have had so much to do inside the house," the detective said evasively. "My colleague, Mr. Lestrade, is here. I had relied upon him to look after this."

inside - अंदर

evasively - अस्पष्टतः, संदिग्धतः

colleague - सहकर्मी, साथी

relied - निर्भर होना, निर्भर करना

look after - देखभाल करना

Holmes glanced at me and raised his eyebrows sardonically. "With two such men as yourself and Lestrade upon the ground, there will not be much for a third party to find out," he said.

eyebrows - भौंह, भौं

Gregson rubbed his hands in a self-satisfied way. "I think we have done all that can be done," he answered; "it's a queer case though, and I knew your taste for such things."

rubbed - बाधा, रगड़ना, मिटाना

satisfied - शांत करना, आपूर्ति करना

taste - स्वाद, hi ज़ायक़ा

"You did not come here in a cab?" asked Sherlock Holmes.

"No, sir."

"Nor Lestrade?"

"No, sir."

"Then let us go and look at the room." With which inconsequent remark he strode on into the house, followed by Gregson, whose features expressed his astonishment.

strode - प्रगति, लम्बे डग भरना

whose - किस का, किसका

A short passage, bare planked and dusty, led to the kitchen and offices. Two doors opened out of it to the left and to the right. One of these had obviously been closed for many weeks. The other belonged to the dining-room, which was the apartment in which the mysterious affair had occurred.

planked - मुद्दा, तख्ता, पटकना

dusty - धूसर, धूल धूसरित, गंदा

Obviously - स्पष्ट रुप से, स्पष्टः

belonged - होना, रखना, सम्बन्ध रखना, बैठना

dining - हो हल्ला, शोरगुल, शोरगुल करना

mysterious - रहस्यपूर्ण, गूढ

occurred - घटना, होना, घटित होना, आना

Holmes walked in, and I followed him with that subdued feeling at my heart which the presence of death inspires.

subdued - रोकना, शान्त करना, वस में लाना

presence - मौजूदगी

inspires - उत्पन्न होना, प्रेरित करना

It was a large square room, looking all the larger from the absence of all furniture. A vulgar flaring paper adorned the walls, but it was blotched in places with mildew, and here and there great strips had become detached and hung down, exposing the yellow plaster beneath. Opposite the door was a showy fireplace, surmounted by a mantelpiece of imitation white marble.

square - वर्गाकार, मुरब्बा

absence - अनुपस्थिति

vulgar - वल्गर, अश्लील

flaring - धधकना, फैल जाना, फैला हुआ होना

adorned - सजाना, सुशोभित करना

blotched - दाना

places with - स्थानों के साथ

mildew - फफूंदी

strips - पोशाक, निकाल देना, पट्टी

detached - भेज देना, काटना, अलग होना

exposing - दिखाना, विवरण, प्रकट करना

fireplace - चिमनी

surmounted - अधिक होना, पार करना

mantelpiece - अग्निकोष्ठ के ऊपर का ताक

imitation - कृत्रिम, नकली/अनुकरण, अनुकरण

marble - संगमरमर

On one corner of this was stuck the stump of a red wax candle. The solitary window was so dirty that the light was hazy and uncertain, giving a dull grey tinge to everything, which was intensified by the thick layer of dust which coated the whole apartment.

corner - कोना

stuck - सथापित करना, टेक लगाना, रखना

stump - ठूँठ, पैर घसीट कर चलना, मंच

wax - मोम

candle - मोमबत्ती, शमा

solitary - अकेला

hazy - अनिश्चित, अस्पष्ट, धुंध से भरा

tinge - झलक, भर देना, रंग देना

intensified - बढ़ा देना, सशक्त करना, बढ़ जाना

thick - मोटा

layer - परत, अण्डा देने वाली मुर्गी

All these details I observed afterwards. At present my attention was centred upon the single grim motionless figure which lay stretched upon the boards, with vacant sightless eyes staring up at the discoloured ceiling. It was that of a man about forty-three or forty-four years of age, middle-sized, broad shouldered, with crisp curling black hair, and a short stubbly beard.

afterwards - बाद में, बाद में

grim - भयानक

motionless - स्थिर, अचल, गतिहीन, निःस्पंद

figure - नमूना, विचार करना, कल्पना करना

stretched - फैलाना, फैल जाना, पंक्ति

boards - किनारा, में चढना, तख्ता लगाना

sightless - अंधा, दृष्टिहीन

ceiling - भीतरी छत, (ceil) भीतरी छत

sized - लगाना, विस्तार, सरेस लगाना

shouldered - कन्धा, आगे बढना, पहाड़

crisp - खरा, तीव्र, छल्लेदार

curling - घुंघराले, कर्लिंग

stubbly beard - कड़वा दाढ़ी

He was dressed in a heavy broadcloth frock coat and waistcoat, with light-coloured trousers, and immaculate collar and cuffs. A top hat, well brushed and trim, was placed upon the floor beside him. His hands were clenched and his arms thrown abroad, while his lower limbs were interlocked as though his death struggle had been a grievous one.

broadcloth - fine smooth-faced woolen cloth

frock coat - फ्रॉक कोट

waistcoat - वास्कट

immaculate - निर्दोष, निष्कलंक, पवित्र

collar - कॉलर, गरेबान, गला

brushed - खरोंच, झगड़ा, रगड़ना, नेवर

trim - काटना, सजाना, छँटाई, छाँटना

beside - बग़ल, की बग़ल में

clenched - जकड़ना, मुट्ठी बाँधना

abroad - lace विदेश, =विदेश में

lower - निचला, निम्नतर, (low) निचला

limbs - शरारती, शाखा, अंग, पंखुड़ी, छोर

interlocked - एक साथ जोडना

death struggle - मृत्यु संघर्ष

grievous - दुखदायक, दुखद

On his rigid face there stood an expression of horror, and as it seemed to me, of hatred, such as I have never seen upon human features. This malignant and terrible contortion, combined with the low forehead, blunt nose, and prognathous jaw gave the dead man a singularly simious and ape-like appearance, which was increased by his writhing, unnatural posture.

rigid - कठोर, सख्त, कड़ा

hatred - घृणा, घिन, दुश्मनी, नफ़रत

malignant - उग्र, संघाती, अहितकर, असाध्य

contortion - बल, शरीर की ऐंठन, ऐंठन

combined - मिलना[मिलाना], जत्था, मिलाना

forehead - माथा, माथ, ललाट

blunt - कुंद

prognathous - with jaws projecting forward

jaw - जबड़ा

dead - मृत, मरा हुआ, मुर्दा

singularly - एकदम ही, विशिष्ट रूप से

ape - कपि

writhing - कुलबुलाता हुआ

posture - मुद्रा, रूख, दिखावा करना

I have seen death in many forms, but never has it appeared to me in a more fearsome aspect than in that dark grimy apartment, which looked out upon one of the main arteries of suburban London.

fearsome - भयंकर, घबराने वाला/बृहत्/डरावना

aspect - दृष्टिकोण, गुण, रूप, पहलू, रूख

grimy - मैला

arteries - मुख्य मार्ग, धमनी, रक्तवाहिनी

Suburban - उबाऊ, संकीर्ण, उपनगर संबंधी

Lestrade, lean and ferret-like as ever, was standing by the doorway, and greeted my companion and myself.

ferret - नेवले की जाति का जानवर

standing by - त्याग दिया हुआ

doorway - द्वार, दरवाजा

greeted - मिलना, स्वागत करना

"This case will make a stir, sir," he remarked. "It beats anything I have seen, and I am no chicken."

stir - हिलाना-डुलाना

beats - खटखटाना, ताल, परास्त कर देना

"There is no clue?" said Gregson.

clue - सूत्र, सुराग, संकेत, इशारा

"None at all," chimed in Lestrade.

none - कोई नहीं

chimed - घंटा बजाना, घंटानाद, झंकार

Sherlock Holmes approached the body, and, kneeling down, examined it intently. "You are sure that there is no wound?" he asked, pointing to numerous gouts and splashes of blood which lay all round.

approached - पद्धति, सन्निकर्ष, समीप आना

kneeling - कुंठना, (kneel) कुंठना

intently - उत्सुकतापूर्वक

numerous - बहुत से, बहुत ज्यादा

gouts - थक्का, गठिया

"Positive!" cried both detectives.

"Then, of course, this blood belongs to a second individual-8 presumably the murderer, if murder has been committed. It reminds me of the circumstances attendant on the death of Van Jansen, in Utrecht, in the year '34. Do you remember the case, Gregson?"

presumably - सम्भवतः, संभाव्यतः

murderer - हत्यारा, ख़ूनी, क़ातिल

reminds - याद दिलाना, चेताना

attendant - संलग्न, जुड़ा हुआ, सहवर्ती घटना

van - वैन

Utrecht - province of the Netherlands

"No, sir."

"Read it up-you really should. There is nothing new under the sun. It has all been done before."

As he spoke, his nimble fingers were flying here, there, and everywhere, feeling, pressing, unbuttoning, examining, while his eyes wore the same far-away expression which I have already remarked upon. So swiftly was the examination made, that one would hardly have guessed the minuteness with which it was conducted.

nimble - फुर्तीला, चंचल, कुशाग्रआ

fingers - जेबकतरा, अंगुलि, उंगली, बजाना

everywhere - सर्वट्र, सभी जगाह, सर्वत्र

pressing - दबाव, अत्यावश्यक

unbuttoning - बटन खोलना, बटन खोलना

examining - समझना, परखना, पूछना

minuteness - बारीकी, सूक्षमता

conducted - चलाना, आचरण, संचालन करना

Finally, he sniffed the dead man's lips, and then glanced at the soles of his patent leather boots.

finally - अंत में, आखिरकार, अंततोगत्वा

lips - किनारा, चूम्मन लेना, चूमन लेना

soles - तल्ला, पूरा, कुकुरजीभी, एकमात्र

patent leather - पैटेंट चमड़ा

"He has not been moved at all?" he asked.

"No more than was necessary for the purposes of our examination."

necessary - ज़रूरी

purposes - अभिप्राय रखना, प्रयोजन

"You can take him to the mortuary now," he said. "There is nothing more to be learned."

mortuary - मुर्दाघर, मुरदाघर

Gregson had a stretcher and four men at hand. At his call they entered the room, and the stranger was lifted and carried out. As they raised him, a ring tinkled down and rolled across the floor. Lestrade grabbed it up and stared at it with mystified eyes.

stretcher - स्ट्रेचर, (stretch)

Stranger - परदेशी, अपरिचित, परदेसी, अजनबी

lifted - धुंध हटना, उठाना, खोदना, चुराना

ring - अंगूठी

tinkled - टनटनाहट, टनटनाना

rolled - बराबर करना, पिण्ड, तरंगित होना

grabbed - झपट लेना, खा जाना, झपटना

mystified - हैरान करना, पेचीदा करना

"There's been a woman here," he cried. "It's a woman's wedding-ring."

wedding - विवाह, ब्याह, (wed), बुध

He held it out, as he spoke, upon the palm of his hand. We all gathered round him and gazed at it. There could be no doubt that that circlet of plain gold had once adorned the finger of a bride.

palm - हथेली

gathered - प्राप्त करना, समझना, काटना

gazed at - देखा

circlet - a small circle

plain - सादा

bride - नववधू, दुल्हन

"This complicates matters," said Gregson. "Heaven knows, they were complicated enough before."

complicates - उलझाना, जटिल बनाना, जटिल बनाना

complicated - उलझाना, जटिल बनाना, जटिल बनाना

"You're sure it doesn't simplify them?" observed Holmes. "There's nothing to be learned by staring at it. What did you find in his pockets?"

simplify - सरलीकृत करना, सरलीकृत करना

pockets - आर्थिक साधन, पाकीट, जैब, बटुआ

"We have it all here," said Gregson, pointing to a litter of objects upon one of the bottom steps of the stairs. "A gold watch, No. 97163, by Barraud, of London. Gold Albert chain, very heavy and solid. Gold ring, with masonic device. Gold pin-bull-dog's head, with rubies as eyes. Russian leather card-case, with cards of Enoch J. Drebber of Cleveland, corresponding with the E. J. D.

litter - गंदगी, बिखेरना, पालकी

stairs - सीढ़ी, सीढी का

Albert - male given name

solid - ठोस

masonic - गुप्त संस्था के सदस्य संबंधी

device - यंत्र, युक्ति, गैजेट

pin - कील, छेदना, भरोसा करना

rubies - गहरा लाल, रक्तिम, लोहित, लाल

Russian - रूसी, tरशियन

corresponding - एकमत होना, मेल खाना, मेल खाना

upon the linen. No purse, but loose money to the extent of seven pounds thirteen. Pocket edition of Boccaccio's 'Decameron,'with name of Joseph Stangerson upon the fly-leaf. Two letters-one addressed to E. J. Drebber and one to Joseph Stangerson."

loose money - पैसे खोना

edition - संस्कारण

Joseph - favorite son of Jacob

leaf - पत्ता, पत्ती

"At what address?"

"American Exchange, Strand-to be left till called for. They are both from the Guion Steamship Company, and refer to the sailing of their boats from Liverpool. It is clear that this unfortunate man was about to return to New York."

Exchange - अदला-बदली करना

be left till called for - कोई बुलाने तक छोड़ा जाएगा

Steamship - स्टीमर, दिखानी जहाज़

refer - सौंपना, संकेत करना, इशारा करना

sailing - जलयात्रा, पाल नौकायन

Liverpool - लिवरपूल

clear - बताना, दूर करना, पूरा करना

unfortunate - दुःखद, दुर्भाग्य, खेदजनक, अभागा

York - यौर्क

"Have you made any inquiries as to this man, Stangerson?"

inquiries - जाँच, सर्वेक्षण, अन्वेषण

"I did it at once, sir," said Gregson. "I have had advertisements sent to all the newspapers, and one of my men has gone to the American Exchange, but he has not returned yet."

advertisements - विज्ञापन

"Have you sent to Cleveland?"

"We telegraphed this morning."

telegraphed - तार, तार करना

"How did you word your inquiries?"

"We simply detailed the circumstances, and said that we should be glad of any information which could help us."

be glad - खुश होना

"You did not ask for particulars on any point which appeared to you to be crucial?"

crucial - निर्णायक, संकटपूर्ण

"I asked about Stangerson."

"Nothing else? Is there no circumstance on which this whole case appears to hinge? Will you not telegraph again?"

circumstance - परिस्थिति

hinge - चूल, कुलाबा, द्वारसन्धि

Telegraph - टेलीग्राफ़, दूरलेख, टेलिग्राफ़

"I have said all I have to say," said Gregson, in an offended voice.

offended - अपराध करना, अपराध करना

Sherlock Holmes chuckled to himself, and appeared to be about to make some remark, when Lestrade, who had been in the front room while we were holding this conversation in the hall, reappeared upon the scene, rubbing his hands in a pompous and self-satisfied manner.

chuckled - दबी हँसी हँसना, दबी हुई हँसी

holding - अधिसंपत्ति, जोत

hall - घर, सभागृह, शयनशाला, कक्ष

reappeared - फिर से वापस आना, दुबारा दिखना

scene - घटना, तमाशा, मौका, दृश्य

pompous - शानदार, आडम्बर, आडंबरपूर्ण

"Mr. Gregson," he said, "I have just made a discovery of the highest importance, and one which would have been overlooked had I not made a careful examination of the walls."

overlooked - के उपर से दिखना, अन्देकी करना

The little man's eyes sparkled as he spoke, and he was evidently in a state of suppressed exultation at having scored a point against his colleague.

little man - छोटा आदमी

sparkled - चमक, जोश, चमकना, जीवंतता

state - राज्य, राष्ट्र, स्टेट

suppressed - रोकना, समाप्त करना

exultation - उल्लास

scored - प्राप्त करना, खरोंचना, खरोंच

"Come here," he said, bustling back into the room, the atmosphere of which felt clearer since the removal of its ghastly inmate. "Now, stand there!"

bustling - full of noisy activity

atmosphere - वायुमण्डल, वायुमंडल, वातावरण

clearer - साफ़ करनेवाला, (clear) साफ़ करनेवाला

removal - बहिष्कार

ghastly - विवर्ण, विकट, भयंकर, बेकार, खराब

inmate - कैदी, निवासी, वासी

stand there - वहाँ खड़े रहो

He struck a match on his boot and held it up against the wall.

match - सुमेल तख्ता

"Look at that!" he said, triumphantly.

triumphantly - विजयी भाव से

I have remarked that the paper had fallen away in parts. In this particular corner of the room a large piece had peeled off, leaving a yellow square of coarse plastering. Across this bare space there was scrawled in blood-red letters a single word-

in parts - अंगों में

peeled off - तीन पिसा गया

coarse - घटिया, असभ्य, भद्दा, अश्लील

plastering - प्लास्टरिंग, (plaster), प्लास्टर

scrawled - घसीटा लिखाई, घसीट कर लिखना


Rache - राचे

"What do you think of that?" cried the detective, with the air of a showman exhibiting his show. "This was overlooked because it was in the darkest corner of the room, and no one thought of looking there. The murderer has written it with his or her own blood. See this smear where it has trickled down the wall! That disposes of the idea of suicide anyhow. Why was that corner chosen to write it on?

showman - प्रदर्शन आयोजक, कौतुकी

exhibiting - प्रदर्शन, प्रदर्शन करना, दिखाना

looking there - वहाँ देख रहे हैं

smear - मैला करना, दाग, गंदा करना

trickled - टपकाना, टपकना, रिसाव

disposes - सजाना, ठीक रखना, ठिकाने लगाना

suicide - आत्महत्या, खुदकुशी, ख़ुद-कुशी

anyhow - किसी भी तरह, फिर भी

I will tell you. See that candle on the mantelpiece. It was lit at the time, and if it was lit this corner would be the brightest instead of the darkest portion of the wall."

brightest - उज्जवल, स्पष्ट रूप से, तीव्र

instead - के बजाय

portion - हिस्सा, भाग, खुराक, बाँट देना

"And what does it mean now that you have found it?" asked Gregson in a depreciatory voice.

"Mean? Why, it means that the writer was going to put the female name Rachel, but was disturbed before he or she had time to finish. You mark my words, when this case comes to be cleared up you will find that a woman named Rachel has something to do with it. It's all very well for you to laugh, Mr. Sherlock Holmes.

female - मादा

disturbed - परेशान करना, बाधा डालना

cleared up - साफ कर दिया

You may be very smart and clever, but the old hound is the best, when all is said and done."

smart - साफ-सुथरा, सुव्यवस्थित, बना-ठना

hound - शिकारी कुत्ता

"I really beg your pardon!" said my companion, who had ruffled the little man's temper by bursting into an explosion of laughter. "You certainly have the credit of being the first of us to find this out, and, as you say, it bears every mark of having been written by the other participant in last night's mystery.

beg - भीख मांगना

Pardon - दुबारा कहना, क्षमा करना, माफी

ruffled - फुला लेना, घबरा देना, झालर

bursting - विस्फोट, कूट कूट कर भर देना

explosion - विस्फोट

laughter - हंसी

bears - करना, होना, उचित होना, फैलना

participant - भागी, भागिनी

I have not had time to examine this room yet, but with your permission I shall do so now."

examine - समझना, परखना, पूछना

As he spoke, he whipped a tape measure and a large round magnifying glass from his pocket. With these two implements he trotted noiselessly about the room, sometimes stopping, occasionally kneeling, and once lying flat upon his face.

whipped - मिठाई, बुरी तरह से पछाड़ देना

tape measure - नाप करने का माप

magnifying glass - आकार बढ़ाने के लिए गुण्डा

implements - साधन, हथियार, उपकरण

trotted - चलना, दौड़, दुलकी चलाना

noiselessly - बिना आवाज़ किये

lying - झूठ बोलना, (lie) झूठ बोलना

So engrossed was he with his occupation that he appeared to have forgotten our presence, for he chattered away to himself under his breath the whole time, keeping up a running fire of exclamations, groans, whistles, and little cries suggestive of encouragement and of hope.

engrossed - मोटे अक्षरों में लिखना

occupation - अधिभोग

chattered - बकबक करना, गप्प लगाना, बकबक

breath - श्वास, साँस, दम

exclamations - विस्मयादिबोधक, विस्मयसूच्हक

groans - कराहना, आह

whistles - चहचहाहट

cries - बताना, निकालना, कहना

suggestive - जताने वाला, जताने वाला

encouragement - प्रोत्साहन

As I watched him I was irresistibly reminded of a pure-blooded well-trained foxhound as it dashes backwards and forwards through the covert, whining in its eagerness, until it comes across the lost scent.

reminded - याद दिलाना, चेताना

blooded - जोश, बलि, स्वभाव, प्रकृति

foxhound - लोमड़ी का शिकार करने वाला कुत्ता

dashes - मिश्रण, टक्कर, टकराना, झलक

backwards - पीछे की ओर का, उल्टा, पिछड़ा हुआ

forwards - अग्रसर होना, आगे, प्रस्तुत करना

covert - गुप्त, घना क्षेत्र

whining - शिकायती, (whin)

For twenty minutes or more he continued his researches, measuring with the most exact care the distance between marks which were entirely invisible to me, and occasionally applying his tape to the walls in an equally incomprehensible manner. In one place he gathered up very carefully a little pile of grey dust from the floor, and packed it away in an envelope.

researches - फिर खोज करना, अनुसन्धान

measuring - मापन, (measure) मापन

most exact - सबसे ठीक

distance between - दूरी बीतर

entirely - पूरी तरह से, पूरी तरह से

invisible - अदृश्य

applying - लगाना, लागू होना

tape - टेप

equally - समान रूप से, समान रूप से

incomprehensible - दुरूह, अबोधगम्य, अबोध्य

carefully - सावधानी से, विचारपूर्वक

pile - ढेर

packed - समूह, दल, वृंद, भरना, मण्डली

Finally, he examined with his glass the word upon the wall, going over every letter of it with the most minute exactness. This done, he appeared to be satisfied, for he replaced his tape and his glass in his pocket.

be satisfied - संतुष्ट होना

replaced - बदलना, हटाना, बदले मेँ रखना

"They say that genius is an infinite capacity for taking pains," he remarked with a smile. "It's a very bad definition, but it does apply to detective work."

infinite - अनंत, असीम, विशाल, अपरिमित

capacity - सामर्थ्य, क्षमता

pains - सताना, व्यथा, तकलीफ्

definition - परिभाषा, शब्दार्थ

Gregson and Lestrade had watched the manoeuvres 9 of their amateur companion with considerable curiosity and some contempt. They evidently failed to appreciate the fact, which I had begun to realize, that Sherlock Holmes'smallest actions were all directed towards some definite and practical end.

manoeuvres - चाल, कौशल, दाँव, युक्ति

amateur - शौकिया, अव्यवसायी

considerable - बहुत अधिक, महत्वपूर्ण, बहुत

contempt - निन्दनीय, तिरस्कार, अवमानना

failed - असफल होना, असफल, असफल होना

appreciate - क़दर करना, प्रशंसा करना

directed - सरल, सीधा, ठीक, बिना रुके

"What do you think of it, sir?" they both asked.

"It would be robbing you of the credit of the case if I was to presume to help you," remarked my friend. "You are doing so well now that it would be a pity for anyone to interfere." There was a world of sarcasm in his voice as he spoke. "If you will let me know how your investigations go," he continued, "I shall be happy to give you any help I can.

robbing - छीनना, छीन लेना, वंचित करना

presume - मान लेना, चुनौती देना

pity - दया, खैद का विषय, स्नेह, लज्जा

interfere - बीच मेँ पड़ना, बाधा डालना

sarcasm - ताना, व्यंग-कथ, व्यंग

investigations - अनुसन्धान, जाँच, अन्वेषण

In the meantime I should like to speak to the constable who found the body. Can you give me his name and address?"

meantime - इस बीच, इस बीच, इसी बीच

constable - चौकीदार/कान्स्टेबुल, कंस्टेबल

Lestrade glanced at his note-book. "John Rance," he said. "He is off duty now. You will find him at 46, Audley Court, Kennington Park Gate."

off duty - अवकाश

Court - आंगन, प्राङ्गण

Gate - द्वार

Holmes took a note of the address.

"Come along, Doctor," he said; "we shall go and look him up. I'll tell you one thing which may help you in the case," he continued, turning to the two detectives. "There has been murder done, and the murderer was a man. He was more than six feet high, was in the prime of life, had small feet for his height, wore coarse, square-toed boots and smoked a Trichinopoly cigar.

murder - ख़ून, क़त्ल, हत्या, घात

prime - मुख्य, प्रधान

toed - मारना, खुर, ठोकर मारना

smoked - तम्बाकू, असफलता

cigar - सिगार, चुरुट

He came here with his victim in a four-wheeled cab, which was drawn by a horse with three old shoes and one new one on his off fore leg. In all probability the murderer had a florid face, and the finger-nails of his right hand were remarkably long. These are only a few indications, but they may assist you."

victim - शिकार

wheeled - घुमाना, मोड़ना, पनचक्की, चाक

fore - आगे का, गलही, आगे/सामने

probability - सम्भाविकी, सम्भावना, सम्भाव्यता

florid - रक्ताभ, आलंकारिक, ललमुहाँ

nails - लगाना, कील, बंद करना, जकड़ना

remarkably - उल्लेखनीयता से

indications - संकेत, लक्षण, सुझाव, चिह्न

assist - मदद करना, सहायता देना

Lestrade and Gregson glanced at each other with an incredulous smile.

incredulous - अविश्वासपूर्ण, अविश्वासी

"If this man was murdered, how was it done?" asked the former.

murdered - टेढ़ी खीर, बरबाद करना

former - भूतपूर्व

"Poison," said Sherlock Holmes curtly, and strode off. "One other thing, Lestrade," he added, turning round at the door: "'Rache,'is the German for 'revenge;'so don't lose your time looking for Miss Rachel."

poison - बिस, विष, tज़हर, हलाहल

curtly - रुखाई से, रुखाई से

German - जरमन, जर्मन

revenge - बदला, इंतक़ाम r=intaqām

With which Parthian shot he walked away, leaving the two rivals open-mouthed behind him.

Parthian - relating to Parthia, person

rivals - प्रतियोगी, बराबरी करना


IT was one o'clock when we left No. 3, Lauriston Gardens. Sherlock Holmes led me to the nearest telegraph office, whence he dispatched a long telegram. He then hailed a cab, and ordered the driver to take us to the address given us by Lestrade.

telegraph office - टेलीग्राफ कार्यालय

whence - कहाँ से

telegram - तार, टेलीग्राम, टेलिग्राम

"There is nothing like first hand evidence," he remarked; "as a matter of fact, my mind is entirely made up upon the case, but still we may as well learn all that is to be learned."

"You amaze me, Holmes," said I. "Surely you are not as sure as you pretend to be of all those particulars which you gave."

amaze - चकित कर देना

pretend - दावा करना, अभिनय करना, मान लेना

"There's no room for a mistake," he answered. "The very first thing which I observed on arriving there was that a cab had made two ruts with its wheels close to the curb. Now, up to last night, we have had no rain for a week, so that those wheels which left such a deep impression must have been there during the night.

ruts - कामोत्तेजना, कामोन्माद

wheels - घुमाना, मोड़ना, पनचक्की, चाक

curb - रोक, पटरी का किनारा, प्रतिबंध

impression - प्रभाव, असर

There were the marks of the horse's hoofs, too, the outline of one of which was far more clearly cut than that of the other three, showing that that was a new shoe.

hoofs - खुर, खुर मारना, खुर मारना

outline - रूपरेखा, दर्शाना, खाका, सारांश

Since the cab was there after the rain began, and was not there at any time during the morning-I have Gregson's word for that-it follows that it must have been there during the night, and, therefore, that it brought those two individuals to the house."

"That seems simple enough," said I; "but how about the other man's height?"

"Why, the height of a man, in nine cases out of ten, can be told from the length of his stride. It is a simple calculation enough, though there is no use my boring you with figures. I had this fellow's stride both on the clay outside and on the dust within. Then I had a way of checking my calculation. When a man writes on a wall, his instinct leads him to write about the level of his own eyes.

Length - लंबाई

calculation - गणना

figures - नमूना, विचार करना, कल्पना करना

stride - लम्बे डग मारना

instinct - फ़ितरत, वृत्ति, सलीक़ा

leads - नमूना, प्रमुख, राय देना

level - स्तर, लेवल

Now that writing was just over six feet from the ground. It was child's play."

"And his age?" I asked.

"Well, if a man can stride four and a-half feet without the smallest effort, he can't be quite in the sere and yellow. That was the breadth of a puddle on the garden walk which he had evidently walked across. Patent-leather boots had gone round, and Square-toes had hopped over. There is no mystery about it at all.

effort - प्रयास, कोशिश, जतन

sere - सूखा

breadth - फ़ासला, विशालता, विस्तार

puddle - पोखर, डबरा, डाबर

patent - पेटेंट, एकस्व, सुन्दर तरीका

gone round - घुमा हुआ

toes - मारना, खुर, ठोकर मारना

hopped - कूदना, फुदकना, एक पैर से कूदना

I am simply applying to ordinary life a few of those precepts of observation and deduction which I advocated in that article. Is there anything else that puzzles you?"

ordinary - आम्म, साधारण, मामूली, सामान्य

precepts - वचन, रस्म, नियम, निर्देश

advocated - समर्थन करना, वकील, अधिवक्ता

puzzles - समस्या, हैरान करना, पहेली

"The finger nails and the Trichinopoly," I suggested.

suggested - बताना, प्रस्ताव रखना

"The writing on the wall was done with a man's forefinger dipped in blood. My glass allowed me to observe that the plaster was slightly scratched in doing it, which would not have been the case if the man's nail had been trimmed. I gathered up some scattered ash from the floor. It was dark in colour and flakey-such an ash as is only made by a Trichinopoly.

dipped in - डिप्प्ड इन

allowed - स्वीकार करना, मिलना, देना

scratched - खरोंचना, खरोंच, वापस लेना

nail - नाखून

trimmed - काटना, सजाना, छँटाई, छाँटना

ash - राख

flakey - फ्लेकी

I have made a special study of cigar ashes-in fact, I have written a monograph upon the subject. I flatter myself that I can distinguish at a glance the ash of any known brand, either of cigar or of tobacco. It is just in such details that the skilled detective differs from the Gregson and Lestrade type."

ashes - ऐश वृक्ष, ऐश वृक्ष की लकड़ी

monograph - प्रबंध, एक विषयक लेखन

brand - ब्रांड

differs - एकमत न होना, भिन्न होना

"And the florid face?" I asked.

"Ah, that was a more daring shot, though I have no doubt that I was right. You must not ask me that at the present state of the affair."

daring - साहस, साहसी, शूरवीर, निर्भीक

I passed my hand over my brow. "My head is in a whirl," I remarked; "the more one thinks of it the more mysterious it grows. How came these two men-if there were two men-into an empty house? What has become of the cabman who drove them? How could one man compel another to take poison? Where did the blood come from? What was the object of the murderer, since robbery had no part in it?

brow - शिखर, मस्तक, भौंह

whirl - घुमाव, चक्कर, घूमना

more mysterious - अधिक रहस्यमय

cabman - कैबमैन

compel - मजबूर, जबरदस्ती कराना

How came the woman's ring there? Above all, why should the second man write up the German word RACHE before decamping? I confess that I cannot see any possible way of reconciling all these facts."

decamping - भाग जाना, पड़ाव से चले जाना

My companion smiled approvingly.

approvingly - सहमति में, सहमति में

"You sum up the difficulties of the situation succinctly and well," he said. "There is much that is still obscure, though I have quite made up my mind on the main facts. As to poor Lestrade's discovery it was simply a blind intended to put the police upon a wrong track, by suggesting Socialism and secret societies. It was not done by a German.

sum up - सारांश करें

succinctly - संक्षिप्त, सारगर्भित ढंग से

obscure - अज्ञात, दुरूह, कठिनाई

blind - अंधा

track - पंक्ति, तय करना, फ़ासला, चलना

suggesting - बताना, प्रस्ताव रखना

Socialism - समाजवाद

secret societies - गुप्त समाज

The A, if you noticed, was printed somewhat after the German fashion. Now, a real German invariably prints in the Latin character, so that we may safely say that this was not written by one, but by a clumsy imitator who overdid his part. It was simply a ruse to divert inquiry into a wrong channel. I'm not going to tell you much more of the case, Doctor.

printed - लगाना, प्रति, प्रभावित करना

fashion - फ़ैशन

prints - लगाना, प्रति, प्रभावित करना

Latin - लैटिन

character - पात्र r=pātr

imitator - नकलची, नकल

overdid - अति कर देना, अति करना

ruse - छल, फ़रेब

divert - मनोरंजन करना

Channel - नहर, चैनल इत्यादि

You know a conjuror gets no credit when once he has explained his trick, and if I show you too much of my method of working, you will come to the conclusion that I am a very ordinary individual after all."

Conjuror - जादूगर

method - प्रणाली, तरीका

"I shall never do that," I answered; "you have brought detection as near an exact science as it ever will be brought in this world."

My companion flushed up with pleasure at my words, and the earnest way in which I uttered them. I had already observed that he was as sensitive to flattery on the score of his art as any girl could be of her beauty.

flushed - समतल, समृद्ध

pleasure - आनन्द

earnest - दृढ संकल्प, (earn) दृढ संकल्प

uttered - चलाना, निकालना, नितान्त, कहना

sensitive - निजी, दिल को छूने वाला, कोमल

flattery - चापलूसी

beauty - सौन्दर्य, सुंदरता, ख़ूबसूरती

"I'll tell you one other thing," he said. "Patent leathers 10 and Square-toes came in the same cab, and they walked down the pathway together as friendly as possible-arm-in-arm, in all probability. When they got inside they walked up and down the room-or rather, Patent-leathers stood still while Square-toes walked up and down.

leathers - फुटबाल, मूर्ख, सख्त

I could read all that in the dust; and I could read that as he walked he grew more and more excited. That is shown by the increased length of his strides. He was talking all the while, and working himself up, no doubt, into a fury. Then the tragedy occurred. I've told you all I know myself now, for the rest is mere surmise and conjecture. We have a good working basis, however, on which to start.

more excited - और उत्साहित

strides - प्रगति, लम्बे डग भरना

fury - प्रचण्डता, कोप, प्रकोप

tragedy - ट्रजेडी

rest - विश्राम

mere - केवल

surmise - लगना, अनुमान, अंदाज़ा लगाना

conjecture - अनुमान करना, अनुमान लगाना

basis - आधार

We must hurry up, for I want to go to Halle's concert to hear Norman Neruda this afternoon."

hurry - जल्दी करना, हुत जल्दबाजी, जल्दी

Norman - नर्मन लोगों से संबंधित

This conversation had occurred while our cab had been threading its way through a long succession of dingy streets and dreary by-ways. In the dingiest and dreariest of them our driver suddenly came to a stand. "That's Audley Court in there," he said, pointing to a narrow slit in the line of dead-coloured brick. "You'll find me here when you come back."

threading - निकालना

succession - उत्तराधिकार, सिलसिला, ताँता

dingy - काला और गन्दा

dingiest - मैला, काला और गन्दा, गंदा

dreariest - नीरस, निराशाजनक, मन्द उदास

slit - काटना, चीर, काट, चीरना

Audley Court was not an attractive locality. The narrow passage led us into a quadrangle paved with flags and lined by sordid dwellings. We picked our way among groups of dirty children, and through lines of discoloured linen, until we came to Number 46, the door of which was decorated with a small slip of brass on which the name Rance was engraved.

attractive - मनोहर, मनोरम, आकर्षक, दिलकश

locality - इलाका, स्थान

quadrangle - चतुर्भुजाकार

paved - पटरी बिछाना, पटरी बिछाना

flags - लम्बे बालों वाला शिकारी कुत्ता

sordid - घटिया, अनैतिक, गंदा

dwellings - आवास, निवास स्थान, निवासस्थान

picked - उकसाना, खाना, हटाना, चयन, खोदना

decorated - पदक प्रदान करना, सजाना

brass - पीतल

engraved - खोदना, उत्कीर्ण करना

On enquiry we found that the constable was in bed, and we were shown into a little front parlour to await his coming.

enquiry - पूछताछ

parlour - बैठक खाना

await - इंतज़ार करना r=intazār karnā

He appeared presently, looking a little irritable at being disturbed in his slumbers. "I made my report at the office," he said.

irritable - अतिसंवेदनशील, क्रोधी, संवेदनशील

slumbers - सोना, अल्पनिद्रा, नींद

Holmes took a half-sovereign from his pocket and played with it pensively. "We thought that we should like to hear it all from your own lips," he said.

sovereign - स्वायत्त, सार्वभौम

pensively - विचारमग्न ढंग से, विषण्णता से

"I shall be most happy to tell you anything I can," the constable answered with his eyes upon the little golden disk.

Golden - महतपूर्ण, अच्छा, शुभ, सोने का

disk - डिस्क, चक्र, चक्का

"Just let us hear it all in your own way as it occurred."

Rance sat down on the horsehair sofa, and knitted his brows as though determined not to omit anything in his narrative.

horsehair - घोड़े के बाल, वेधतन्तु

knitted - जुड़ना, सिकोड़ना, बुनना, बुनाई

brows - आँखें, (brow) आँखें

omit - हटाना, छोड जाना, छोड़ देना

narrative - कथा, विवरणात्मक

"I'll tell it ye from the beginning," he said. "My time is from ten at night to six in the morning. At eleven there was a fight at the 'White Hart'; but bar that all was quiet enough on the beat. At one o'clock it began to rain, and I met Harry Murcher-him who has the Holland Grove beat-and we stood together at the corner of Henrietta Street a-talkin'.

ye - तुम

fight - लडा़ई करना

Hart - लाल युवा हिरन

bar - छड़

Harry - हैरी

Holland - हलैंड

grove - उपवन, बाग, झुरमुट, कुञ्ज

beat - वार करना

stood together - साथ में खड़े हुए

Presently-maybe about two or a little after-I thought I would take a look round and see that all was right down the Brixton Road. It was precious dirty and lonely. Not a soul did I meet all the way down, though a cab or two went past me.

look round - घुमाओ

precious - क़ीमती, प्यारा

soul - आत्मा, जीवात्मा

I was a strollin'down, thinkin'between ourselves how uncommon handy a four of gin hot would be, when suddenly the glint of a light caught my eye in the window of that same house. Now, I knew that them two houses in Lauriston Gardens was empty on account of him that owns them who won't have the drains seen to, though the very last tenant what lived in one of them died o'typhoid fever.

uncommon - असामान्य

handy - आसान

gin - जिन, मदिरा

glint - चमक, चमकना, झलकना

on account - खाते पर

drains - बहना, नाली, खाली करना

tenant - किरायेदार

typhoid - मोतीझरा

I was knocked all in a heap therefore at seeing a light in the window, and I suspected as something was wrong. When I got to the door--"

knocked - खटखटाना, प्रहार करना, टक्कर

heap - ढेर

"You stopped, and then walked back to the garden gate," my companion interrupted. "What did you do that for?"

Rance gave a violent jump, and stared at Sherlock Holmes with the utmost amazement upon his features.

violent - तीव्र, उग्र, प्रबल, प्रकोप

jump - कूदना

utmost - अत्यधिक, अंतिम

amazement - अचंभा

"Why, That's true, sir," he said; "though how you come to know it, Heaven only knows. Ye see, when I got up to the door it was so still and so lonesome, that I thought I'd be none the worse for some one with me. I ain't afeared of anything on this side o'the grave; but I thought that maybe it was him that died o'the typhoid inspecting the drains what killed him.

That's true - यह सही है।

lonesome - एकाकी, अकेलापन

grave - कब्र

inspecting - परीक्षण करना, जांच करना

ain - département

killed - परेशान करना, शांत करना

The thought gave me a kind o'turn, and I walked back to the gate to see if I could see Murcher's lantern, but there wasn't no sign of him nor of anyone else."

lantern - लालटेन, फ़ानूस, फानूस

sign - चिह्न

"There was no one in the street?"

"Not a livin'soul, sir, nor as much as a dog. Then I pulled myself together and went back and pushed the door open. All was quiet inside, so I went into the room where the light was a-burnin'. There was a candle flickerin'on the mantelpiece-a red wax one-and by its light I saw--"

pulled myself together - अपने आप को एकत्र कर लिया

"Yes, I know all that you saw. You walked round the room several times, and you knelt down by the body, and then you walked through and tried the kitchen door, and then--"

knelt - घुटने के बल बैठना, घुटने टेकना

John Rance sprang to his feet with a frightened face and suspicion in his eyes. "Where was you hid to see all that?" he cried. "It seems to me that you knows a deal more than you should."

frightened - भयभीत करना, डराना, भयभीत करना

hid - छुपाएं, (hide) छुपाएं

Holmes laughed and threw his card across the table to the constable. "Don't get arresting me for the murder," he said. "I am one of the hounds and not the wolf; Mr. Gregson or Mr. Lestrade will answer for that. Go on, though. What did you do next?"

arresting - रोकना, अवरोध, आकर्षित करना

hounds - शिकारी कुत्ता, पीछा करना

wolf - भेड़िया, वृक, गुर्ग

answer for - अंग्रेजी से हिंदी में अनुवाद करें

Rance resumed his seat, without however losing his mystified expression. "I went back to the gate and sounded my whistle. That brought Murcher and two more to the spot."

resumed - फिर आरम्भ करना, सार

seat - सीट

whistle - सीटी

"Was the street empty then?"

"Well, it was, as far as anybody that could be of any good goes."

Anybody - कोई व्यक्ति, कोई, कोई भी

"What do you mean?"

The constable's features broadened into a grin. "I've seen many a drunk chap in my time," he said, "but never anyone so cryin'drunk as that cove. He was at the gate when I came out, a-leanin'up agin the railings, and a-singin'at the pitch o'his lungs about Columbine's New-fangled Banner, or some such stuff. He couldn't stand, far less help."

broadened - बढ़ाना, चौड़ा होना

grin - दांत दिखाते हुए मुस्कुराना

many a - कई

chap - लड़का

Cove - छोटी खाड़ी

pitch - खेल के लिए स्थान

lungs - फेफड़ा, श्वासी, फेपड़ा

columbine - कॉलमबाइन

banner - झंडा

stuff - करना, मिलाना, सामान, भरना

"What sort of a man was he?" asked Sherlock Holmes.

John Rance appeared to be somewhat irritated at this digression. "He was an uncommon drunk sort o'man," he said. "He'd ha'found hisself in the station if we hadn't been so took up."

irritated - परेशान करना, उत्तेजित करना

digression - व्यतिक्रम, भटकाव

"His face-his dress-didn't you notice them?" Holmes broke in impatiently.

notice - ध्यान देना

"I should think I did notice them, seeing that I had to prop him up-me and Murcher between us. He was a long chap, with a red face, the lower part muffled round--"

prop - टेक, थूनी

lower part - निचला भाग

muffled - लपेटना, आवाज़ दबाना

"That will do," cried Holmes. "What became of him?"

"We'd enough to do without lookin'after him," the policeman said, in an aggrieved voice. "I'll wager he found his way home all right."

do without - बिना के बिना

aggrieved - दुख देना

"How was he dressed?"

"A brown overcoat."

"Had he a whip in his hand?"

whip - चाबुक, हंटर, कोड़ा

"A whip-no."

"He must have left it behind," muttered my companion. "You didn't happen to see or hear a cab after that?"

muttered - शिकायत, फुसफुसाहट, बड़बड़ाना


"There's a half-sovereign for you," my companion said, standing up and taking his hat. "I am afraid, Rance, that you will never rise in the force. That head of yours should be for use as well as ornament. You might have gained your sergeant's stripes last night. The man whom you held in your hands is the man who holds the clue of this mystery, and whom we are seeking.

rise - उठना

force - बल

ornament - आभूषण, अलंकार, जेवर

Gained - पाना, प्राप्त करना, मिलना

stripes - धारी, फीता, तबका, फ़ीती

seeking - कोशिश करना, की कोशिश करना

There is no use of arguing about it now; I tell you that it is so. Come along, Doctor."

arguing - प्रमाणित करना, सूचित करना

We started off for the cab together, leaving our informant incredulous, but obviously uncomfortable.

informant - मुखबिर, सूचक, सूचनादाता

uncomfortable - बेचैन, तकलीफ़देह, अप्रिय

"The blundering fool," Holmes said, bitterly, as we drove back to our lodgings. "Just to think of his having such an incomparable bit of good luck, and not taking advantage of it."

blundering - गलती, (blunder) गलती

bitterly - अधिक, बहुत ज़्यादा, कस के

incomparable - अद्वितीय, अतुलनीय, बेजोड़

luck - भाग्य, क़िस्मत, तक़दीर

"I am rather in the dark still. It is true that the description of this man tallies with your idea of the second party in this mystery. But why should he come back to the house after leaving it? That is not the way of criminals."

tallies - मेल खाना, लेखा, हिसाब

"The ring, man, the ring: that was what he came back for. If we have no other way of catching him, we can always bait our line with the ring. I shall have him, Doctor-I'll lay you two to one that I have him. I must thank you for it all. I might not have gone but for you, and so have missed the finest study I ever came across: a study in scarlet, eh? Why shouldn't we use a little art jargon.

bait - चारा

eh - used as a tag question

jargon - विशिष्ट शब्दावली

There's the scarlet thread of murder running through the colourless skein of life, and our duty is to unravel it, and isolate it, and expose every inch of it. And now for lunch, and then for Norman Neruda. Her attack and her bowing are splendid. What's that little thing of Chopin's she plays so magnificently: Tra-la-la-lira-lira-lay."

colourless - रंगहीन, बेरंग, अवर्ण

skein - लच्छा, लच्छी

Duty - कृत्य, कर्तव्य

isolate - , समाधान करना, अलग रखना

expose - दिखाना, विवरण, प्रकट करना

inch - एक फुट का 12 वां भाग, इंच

attack - हमला, आक्रमण

bowing - अवनयन, (bow)

splendid - शानदार

Chopin - surname

magnificently - शानदार ढंग से

lira - लीरा

Leaning back in the cab, this amateur bloodhound carolled away like a lark while I meditated upon the many-sidedness of the human mind.

bloodhound - शिकारी कुत्ता, शिकारी कुत्ता

carolled - ईसाई भजन, आनन्दपूर्वक गा

lark - एक पक्षी, क्रीडा़-कौतक

meditated - का इरादा करना, ध्यान करना

sidedness - द्विपक्षता


advertisement - इश्तहार, विज्ञापन, एलान

brings a - एक लाती है

OUR morning's exertions had been too much for my weak health, and I was tired out in the afternoon. After Holmes'departure for the concert, I lay down upon the sofa and endeavoured to get a couple of hours'sleep. It was a useless attempt. My mind had been too much excited by all that had occurred, and the strangest fancies and surmises crowded into it.

exertions - प्रयास, परिश्रम, श्रम

tired out - थक गया

departure - प्रस्थान

Strangest - निराला, अनोखा, आश्चर्यजनक

fancies - चाहना, कल्पना करना, अनोखा

surmises - लगना, अनुमान, अंदाज़ा लगाना

Every time that I closed my eyes I saw before me the distorted baboon-like countenance of the murdered man. So sinister was the impression which that face had produced upon me that I found it difficult to feel anything but gratitude for him who had removed its owner from the world. If ever human features bespoke vice of the most malignant type, they were certainly those of Enoch J.

distorted - तोड़ मरोड़ करना, रूप बिगाड़ना

baboon - बबून

countenance - समर्थन, मुखाकृति, अनुमोदन करना

sinister - अशुभ, डरावना

gratitude - आभार, कृतज्ञता, शुक्र r=śukr

bespoke - individually or custom made

vice - व्यसन

Drebber, of Cleveland. Still I recognized that justice must be done, and that the depravity of the victim was no condonment 11 in the eyes of the law.

depravity - चरित्रहीनता, भ्रष्टता

The more I thought of it the more extraordinary did my companion's hypothesis, that the man had been poisoned, appear. I remembered how he had sniffed his lips, and had no doubt that he had detected something which had given rise to the idea. Then, again, if not poison, what had caused the man's death, since there was neither wound nor marks of strangulation?

hypothesis - अनुमान, परिकल्पना, अवधारणा

poisoned - ज़हर देना, घातक, दूषित आहार

detected - पता लगाना, पता लगाना, पकड़ना

caused - करना, कारण बनना, देना, उकसाना

strangulation - गला घोंट कर हत्या, गला घोंटना

But, on the other hand, whose blood was that which lay so thickly upon the floor? There were no signs of a struggle, nor had the victim any weapon with which he might have wounded an antagonist. As long as all these questions were unsolved, I felt that sleep would be no easy matter, either for Holmes or myself.

thickly - लगातार, सघनतापूर्वक

signs - देना, सौंपना, संकेत, चिन्ह

Struggle - संघर्ष, लड़ाई

weapon - हथियार, शस्त्र, आयुध

antagonist - विरोधी, शत्रु/विरोधी, द्वेषी

unsolved - अनसुलझा

His quiet self-confident manner convinced me that he had already formed a theory which explained all the facts, though what it was I could not for an instant conjecture.

self-confident - (self-confident) आत्मविश्वासी

Convinced - दृढ़ मत होना, विश्वास दिलाना

He was very late in returning-so late, that I knew that the concert could not have detained him all the time. Dinner was on the table before he appeared.

detained - रोकना, फँस जाना, फँस जाना

"It was magnificent," he said, as he took his seat. "Do you remember what Darwin says about music? He claims that the power of producing and appreciating it existed among the human race long before the power of speech was arrived at. Perhaps that is why we are so subtly influenced by it. There are vague memories in our souls of those misty centuries when the world was in its childhood."

magnificent - शानदार

Darwin - डार्विन

claims - दावा करना, का पात्र होना, लेना

power - शक्ति

producing - उत्पन्न होना, जन्म देना

appreciating - क़दर करना, प्रशंसा करना

existed - होना, रहना, जीवित रहना

race - तेज चलने की प्रतियोगिता

Speech - उक्ति, बात, बातचीत, बोल

subtly - सूक्ष्म रूप से, सूक्ष्मता से

influenced - प्रभाव, प्रभावित करना

vague - अज्ञात, हल्का, अनिश्चित

memories - स्मरण शक्ति, याद, याददाश्त

souls - व्यक्ति, प्रेतात्मा, जीवन

misty - कोहरे से आच्छादित

childhood - बचपन

"That's rather a broad idea," I remarked.

"One's ideas must be as broad as Nature if they are to interpret Nature," he answered. "What's the matter? You're not looking quite yourself. This Brixton Road affair has upset you."

Interpret - अदा करना, अर्थ लगाना

What's the matter? - क्या समस्या है?

upset - परेशान

"To tell the truth, it has," I said. "I ought to be more case-hardened after my Afghan experiences. I saw my own comrades hacked to pieces at Maiwand without losing my nerve."

truth - सच

hardened - द्र्ढ बन्ना, पक्का बन्ना

experiences - अनुभव करना, अनुभव, अनुभव करना

comrades - साथी, कमरेड

hacked - घुड़सवारी करना, सहन करना, मारना

nerve - नस, तंत्रिका

"I can understand. There is a mystery about this which stimulates the imagination; where there is no imagination there is no horror. Have you seen the evening paper?"

stimulates - उत्तेजित करना, प्रोत्साहित करना

evening paper - सांध्य पेपर


"It gives a fairly good account of the affair. It does not mention the fact that when the man was raised up, a woman's wedding ring fell upon the floor. It is just as well it does not."

account - खाता

mention - ज़िक्र r=zikr


"Look at this advertisement," he answered. "I had one sent to every paper this morning immediately after the affair."

immediately - तत्काल, तुरंत, फ़ौरन

He threw the paper across to me and I glanced at the place indicated. It was the first announcement in the "Found" column. "In Brixton Road, this morning," it ran, "a plain gold wedding ring, found in the roadway between the 'White Hart'Tavern and Holland Grove. Apply Dr. Watson, 221B, Baker Street, between eight and nine this evening."

indicated - दिखाना, सूचित करना

announcement - इश्तहार, घोषणा, एलान

column - स्तंभ

tavern - सराय, शराबखाना, पथिकाश्रम

"Excuse my using your name," he said. "If I used my own some of these dunderheads would recognize it, and want to meddle in the affair."

recognize - पहचानना

meddle - काम में हस्तक्षेप करना

"That is all right," I answered. "But supposing anyone applies, I have no ring."

applies - लगाना, लागू होना

"Oh yes, you have," said he, handing me one. "This will do very well. It is almost a facsimile."

facsimile - ठीक सदृश्य/अनुलिपि, फ़ैक्स

"And who do you expect will answer this advertisement."

expect - आशा करना, आसरा देखना, रख लेना

"Why, the man in the brown coat-our florid friend with the square toes. If he does not come himself he will send an accomplice."

accomplice - सहापराधी, अभिषंगी

"Would he not consider it as too dangerous?"

"Not at all. If my view of the case is correct, and I have every reason to believe that it is, this man would rather risk anything than lose the ring. According to my notion he dropped it while stooping over Drebber's body, and did not miss it at the time.

Risk - जोखिम

dropped - बताना, झुकाना, कम करना, देना

stooping - झुक कर खड़ा होना, झुकना

After leaving the house he discovered his loss and hurried back, but found the police already in possession, owing to his own folly in leaving the candle burning. He had to pretend to be drunk in order to allay the suspicions which might have been aroused by his appearance at the gate. Now put yourself in that man's place.

owing to - के कारण

folly - मूर्खता, फ़ली, ignorance

burning - जलता हुआ, प्रबल, दाहक, जलन

allay - कम करना, बुना

suspicions - खटका, अविश्वास, पुट, शक, संदेह

On thinking the matter over, it must have occurred to him that it was possible that he had lost the ring in the road after leaving the house. What would he do, then? He would eagerly look out for the evening papers in the hope of seeing it among the articles found. His eye, of course, would light upon this. He would be overjoyed. Why should he fear a trap?

ring in - आगमन करना

overjoyed - अधिक प्रसन्न होना

fear - भय

trap - घात

There would be no reason in his eyes why the finding of the ring should be connected with the murder. He would come. He will come. You shall see him within an hour?"

be connected with - संबंधित होना

"And then?" I asked.

"Oh, you can leave me to deal with him then. Have you any arms?"

"I have my old service revolver and a few cartridges."

service revolver - सर्विस रेवोल्वर

cartridges - कारतूस, कार्ट्रिज, कारतुस

"You had better clean it and load it. He will be a desperate man, and though I shall take him unawares, it is as well to be ready for anything."

load - बोझा

desperate - निराशाजनक, निराश, खतरनाक

unawares - अनभिज्ञ, अनजान, बेख़बर, अनवधान

I went to my bedroom and followed his advice. When I returned with the pistol the table had been cleared, and Holmes was engaged in his favourite occupation of scraping upon his violin.

pistol - बंदूक, तमंचा, पिस्तौल

cleared - बताना, दूर करना, पूरा करना

scraping - स्क्रैपिंग, (scrap) स्क्रैपिंग

"The plot thickens," he said, as I entered; "I have just had an answer to my American telegram. My view of the case is the correct one."

plot - कथानक, भूभाग, षड्यंत्र

thickens - गाढ़ा करना, गाढ़ा होना

"And that is?" I asked eagerly.

"My fiddle would be the better for new strings," he remarked. "Put your pistol in your pocket. When the fellow comes speak to him in an ordinary way. Leave the rest to me. Don't frighten him by looking at him too hard."

strings - रस्सी, , धागा, श्रृंखला

frighten - भयभीत करना, डराना, भयभीत करना

"It is eight o'clock now," I said, glancing at my watch.

glancing - झलकना, (glance) झलकना

"Yes. He will probably be here in a few minutes. Open the door slightly. That will do. Now put the key on the inside. Thank you! This is a queer old book I picked up at a stall yesterday-'De Jure inter Gentes'-published in Latin at Liege in the Lowlands, in 1642. Charles'head was still firm on his shoulders when this little brown-backed volume was struck off."

stall - थान

inter - अन्तर, साथ साथ, गाड़ना{लाश}

published - लिखना, प्रकाशित होना, पेश करना

Liege - स्वामी, राजा या सामन्त

lowlands - नीचा, तराई

Charles - given name

firm - स्थिर, दृढ़, अचल

shoulders - कन्धा, आगे बढना, पहाड़

volume - आयतन

"Who is the printer?"

printer - प्रिंटर ?, (print), छापना

"Philippe de Croy, whoever he may have been. On the fly-leaf, in very faded ink, is written 'Ex libris Guliolmi Whyte.'I wonder who William Whyte was. Some pragmatical seventeenth century lawyer, I suppose. His writing has a legal twist about it. Here comes our man, I think."

Whoever - कौन, जो कोई, जो कोई

faded - सनक

ex - भूरपूर्व

William - male given name

pragmatical - व्यावहारिक, तथ्यात्मक

seventeenth - सत्रहवाँ, सत्तरहवाँ

lawyer - वकील

twist - मोड़

As he spoke there was a sharp ring at the bell. Sherlock Holmes rose softly and moved his chair in the direction of the door. We heard the servant pass along the hall, and the sharp click of the latch as she opened it.

softly - हल्का सा, सादे ढंग से

servant - नौकर, चाकर, नौकरानी, सेवक

pass - गुजरना, आगे बढ़ना

click - खटखट की आवाज

latch - सिटकिनी

"Does Dr. Watson live here?" asked a clear but rather harsh voice. We could not hear the servant's reply, but the door closed, and some one began to ascend the stairs. The footfall was an uncertain and shuffling one. A look of surprise passed over the face of my companion as he listened to it. It came slowly along the passage, and there was a feeble tap at the door.

harsh - कटु, कर्कश, निर्दयी

ascend - चढ़ना

footfall - पैरों की आहट, चलने की आवाज़

shuffling - पैर घसीट कर चलना, (shuffle)

passed over - पार किया

tap - नल

"Come in," I cried.

At my summons, instead of the man of violence whom we expected, a very old and wrinkled woman hobbled into the apartment. She appeared to be dazzled by the sudden blaze of light, and after dropping a curtsey, she stood blinking at us with her bleared eyes and fumbling in her pocket with nervous, shaky fingers.

summons - सम्मन, आह्वाहन पत्र, बुलावा

violence - हिंसा

expected - आशा करना, आसरा देखना, रख लेना

wrinkled - सिकोड़ना, छोटी मोटी समस्या

hobbled - अटकाना, छाँदना, लंगड़ा कर चलना

dazzled - चकित होना, चमक दमकअ, तेज रोशनीई

sudden - आकस्मिक, अचानक, शीघ्र, औचक

blaze - आग की ज्वाला

dropping - मैँगनी, मेंगनी, मेगनी

curtsey - सौजन्य

blinking at - चिंकना

fumbling - टटोलना, चूक, गड़बड़ाना

nervous - अशांत, उदास, बेचैन, भयभीत

shaky - अस्थिर, डाँवाँडोल, काँपता हुआ

I glanced at my companion, and his face had assumed such a disconsolate expression that it was all I could do to keep my countenance.

disconsolate - निराश

The old crone drew out an evening paper, and pointed at our advertisement. "It's this as has brought me, good gentlemen," she said, dropping another curtsey; "a gold wedding ring in the Brixton Road.

crone - चुड़ैल, डायन, बूढ़ी औरत

pointed at - उठाया

gentlemen - रईस व्यक्ति, सज्जन

It belongs to my girl Sally, as was married only this time twelvemonth, which her husband is steward aboard a Union boat, and what he'd say if he come 'ome and found her without her ring is more than I can think, he being short enough at the best o'times, but more especially when he has the drink. If it please you, she went to the circus last night along with--"

sally - धावा

twelvemonth - बारह मास, बारह मास

steward - प्रबंधक, वायुयान परिचारक

aboard - अबौड

Union - संघ, यूनियन

especially - ख़ास तौर पर

circus - सर्कस

"Is that her ring?" I asked.

"The Lord be thanked!" cried the old woman; "Sally will be a glad woman this night. That's the ring."

Lord - मालिक, साहिब, साहब

Glad - प्रसन्न

"And what may your address be?" I inquired, taking up a pencil.

taking up - उठाना

"13, Duncan Street, Houndsditch. A weary way from here."

weary - थकाना, उकता देना, उबाऊ

"The Brixton Road does not lie between any circus and Houndsditch," said Sherlock Holmes sharply.

sharply - कटुतापूर्वक, तीक्ष्णता से

The old woman faced round and looked keenly at him from her little red-rimmed eyes. "The gentleman asked me for my address," she said. "Sally lives in lodgings at 3, Mayfield Place, Peckham."

keenly - उत्सुकता से

rimmed - किनारा, किनारा लगाना, घिरा होना

"And your name is--?"

"My name is Sawyer-her's is Dennis, which Tom Dennis married her-and a smart, clean lad, too, as long as he's at sea, and no steward in the company more thought of; but when on shore, what with the women and what with liquor shops--"

Sawyer - one who saws timber

Tom - बिल्ला

on shore - तट पर

liquor - दारू

"Here is your ring, Mrs. Sawyer," I interrupted, in obedience to a sign from my companion; "it clearly belongs to your daughter, and I am glad to be able to restore it to the rightful owner."

Mrs - श्री, स्रीमान

obedience - अनुपालन, आज्ञाकारिता, इताअत

restore - पुनः स्थापित करना, मरम्मत करना

rightful - असली, वैध, अधिकारी

With many mumbled blessings and protestations of gratitude the old crone packed it away in her pocket, and shuffled off down the stairs. Sherlock Holmes sprang to his feet the moment that she was gone and rushed into his room. He returned in a few seconds enveloped in an ulster and a cravat. "I'll follow her," he said, hurriedly; "she must be an accomplice, and will lead me to him. Wait up for me.

mumbled - भुनभुनाना, बुदबुदाना/गुणगुणाना

blessings - सुखकर चीज, अनुमति, आशीष

protestations - विरोध, प्रतिज्ञापन, प्रकथन

shuffled - पैर घसीट कर चलना, रगड़ना/घसीटना

rushed - सोने की खानो के नए क्षेट्रों में प्रवास

enveloped - थैला, लिफ़ाफ़ा, एनवलप, लिफाफा

ulster - अल्स्टर, एक लम्बा ढीला चोगा

cravat - गुलुबन्द{छोटा स्कार्फ जो गले में बाँध कर शर्ट के अन्दर रखते हैं}

hurriedly - in a hurried manner

lead - नेता

" The hall door had hardly slammed behind our visitor before Holmes had descended the stair. looking through the window I could see her walking feebly along the other side, while her pursuer dogged her some little distance behind. "Either his whole theory is incorrect," I thought to myself, "or else he will be led now to the heart of the mystery.

slammed - ज़ोर से बंद हो जाना

descended - उतरना, उतारना, नीचे उतरना

looking through - देख रहे हैं

feebly - दुर्बलता से

pursuer - खोजने वाला, पीछा करने वाला

distance - दूरी, फ़ासला, फासला

incorrect - अनुचित, गलत, अशुद्ध

" There was no need for him to ask me to wait up for him, for I felt that sleep was impossible until I heard the result of his adventure.

impossible - असंभव or असम्भव, नामुमकिन

adventure - जोखिम भरा अनुभव

It was close upon nine when he set out. I had no idea how long he might be, but I sat stolidly puffing at my pipe and skipping over the pages of Henri Murger's "Vie de Bohčme." Ten o'clock passed, and I heard the footsteps of the maid as they pattered off to bed. Eleven, and the more stately tread of the landlady passed my door, bound for the same destination.

stolidly - भावहीन ढंग से

puffing - फ़फ़िंग, (puff) फ़फ़िंग

skipping - रस्सी कूदना, भाग जाना, चूक

vie - प्रतिस्पर्धा करना, स्पर्धा करना

de - initialism of differential equation

maid - लड़की

pattered - बड़बड़ाहट, पटपटाहट, पटपटाना

off to bed - बिस्तर पर जाओ

stately - शानदार, प्रभावशाली, उत्कृष्ट

tread - परचलना

bound - सीमित, सीमित करना, सीमित करना

It was close upon twelve before I heard the sharp sound of his latch-key. The instant he entered I saw by his face that he had not been successful. Amusement and chagrin seemed to be struggling for the mastery, until the former suddenly carried the day, and he burst into a hearty laugh.

successful - सफल

amusement - मनोरंजन

chagrin - संताप, क्लेश, कुढ़ाना/खिजाना

struggling - संघर्ष कर रहा है, (struggle), संघर्ष

mastery - अधिकार, प्रवीणता

burst - फूटना

hearty - हार्दिक, भर पेट

"I wouldn't have the Scotland Yarders know it for the world," he cried, dropping into his chair; "I have chaffed them so much that they would never have let me hear the end of it. I can afford to laugh, because I know that I will be even with them in the long run."

chaffed - हँसी में खिजाना/तंग करना, भूसा

afford - देना, जुटा पाना{धन}, ख़र्च करना

"What is it then?" I asked.

"Oh, I don't mind telling a story against myself. That creature had gone a little way when she began to limp and show every sign of being foot-sore. Presently she came to a halt, and hailed a four-wheeler which was passing.

I don't mind - मुझे बिल्कुल मतलब नहीं है

creature - जंतु, प्राणी, जानवर, मख़्लूक़

limp - लचीला, शक्तिहीन

sore - दुखता, दर्द भरा

halt - बंद कर देना

wheeler - साइकिल सवार

passing - पासिंग, (pas) पासिंग

I managed to be close to her so as to hear the address, but I need not have been so anxious, for she sang it out loud enough to be heard at the other side of the street, 'Drive to 13, Duncan Street, Houndsditch,'she cried. This begins to look genuine, I thought, and having seen her safely inside, I perched myself behind. That's an art which every detective should be an expert at.

managed - देखभाल करना, रखना, लेना

anxious - चिन्ताजनक, उत्सुक, चिन्तित

genuine - असली, सच्चा, अमिश्रित/वास्तविक

perched - किनारे पर बैठना, बसेरा

Well, away we rattled, and never drew rein until we reached the street in question. I hopped off before we came to the door, and strolled down the street in an easy, lounging way. I saw the cab pull up. The driver jumped down, and I saw him open the door and stand expectantly. Nothing came out though.

rein - बागडोर

lounging - आराम करना, (lounge) आराम करना

pull up - उठाओ

jumped - अचानक होना, आगे बढना

expectantly - आशापूर्वक

When I reached him he was groping about frantically in the empty cab, and giving vent to the finest assorted collection of oaths that ever I listened to. There was no sign or trace of his passenger, and I fear it will be some time before he gets his fare.

groping - टटोलना, ज़बर्दस्ती छूना

frantically - पागलपन से, व्यग्रतापूर्वक

vent - छिद्र

assorted - छाँटना

collection - संग्रह

oaths - सौगंध, अपशब्द, शपथ

trace - निशान

passenger - पैसिंजर, मुसाफ़िर, यात्री

fare - किराया

On inquiring at Number 13 we found that the house belonged to a respectable paperhanger, named Keswick, and that no one of the name either of Sawyer or Dennis had ever been heard of there."

inquiring - पूछना, पता लगाना, छानबीन करना

paperhanger - कागज लटकाने ताला

"You don't mean to say," I cried, in amazement, "that that tottering, feeble old woman was able to get out of the cab while it was in motion, without either you or the driver seeing her?"

Tottering - विचल, (totter) विचल

motion - हरकत

"Old woman be damned!" said Sherlock Holmes, sharply. "We were the old women to be so taken in. It must have been a young man, and an active one, too, besides being an incomparable actor. The get-up was inimitable. He saw that he was followed, no doubt, and used this means of giving me the slip.

damned - शापित, (damn), अभिशाप देना

active - प्रभावशाली, फुर्तीला, चुस्त

besides - पास, अलग, समीप, की तुलना में

inimitable - अनोखा, अनुपम, अननुकरणीय

It shows that the man we are after is not as lonely as I imagined he was, but has friends who are ready to risk something for him. Now, Doctor, you are looking done-up. Take my advice and turn in."

done-up - (done-up) सजाया हुआ

Take my advice - मेरी सलाह लें

turn in - दाखिल करें

I was certainly feeling very weary, so I obeyed his injunction. I left Holmes seated in front of the smouldering fire, and long into the watches of the night I heard the low, melancholy wailings of his violin, and knew that he was still pondering over the strange problem which he had set himself to unravel.

obeyed - पालन करना, निभाना, कहना मानना

injunction - आदेश, समादेश, निषेधाज्ञा

seated - पद, केन्द्र, नितम्ब, स्थिति

smouldering fire - उग्र आग

wailings - शोकपूर्ण, क्रंदन

pondering - विचार करना


THE papers next day were full of the "Brixton Mystery," as they termed it. Each had a long account of the affair, and some had leaders upon it in addition. There was some information in them which was new to me. I still retain in my scrap-book numerous clippings and extracts bearing upon the case. Here is a condensation of a few of them:-

termed - पद, अवधि, शब्द, निश्चित काल

leaders - नेता, नेताआ

retain - रोकना, रहने देना, सुरक्षित रखना

scrap - टुकड़ा

clippings - कटिंग

extracts - निकालना, सार, अवतरण

condensation - संक्षेपण, संघनन, घनीकरण, द्रवण

The Daily Telegraph remarked that in the history of crime there had seldom been a tragedy which presented stranger features. The German name of the victim, the absence of all other motive, and the sinister inscription on the wall, all pointed to its perpetration by political refugees and revolutionists.

inscription - शिलालेख

perpetration - अपराध कर्म, अपराधकर्म

political - राजनीतिक, सियासी

refugees - शरणागत, शरणार्थी

revolutionists - क्रान्तिकारी

The Socialists had many branches in America, and the deceased had, no doubt, infringed their unwritten laws, and been tracked down by them.

Socialists - समाजवादी

deceased - मृत्यु, स्वर्गवास होना, मर जाना

infringed - अतिक्रमण करना, उल्लंघन करना

unwritten - मौखिक, अलिखित

laws - उपदेश, विधि, नियमावली, व्यवस्था

tracked down - ट्रैक्ड डाउन

After alluding airily to the Vehmgericht, aqua tofana, Carbonari, the Marchioness de Brinvilliers, the Darwinian theory, the principles of Malthus, and the Ratcliff Highway murders, the article concluded by admonishing the Government and advocating a closer watch over foreigners in England.

airily - लापरवाही से, लापरवाही से

aqua - जल

Marchioness - मार्शनेस, मार्क्विस की पत्नी

Darwinian - of or pertaining to the scientific views advanced by Charles Darwin

principles - मर्यादा, विधि, सूट्र, तत्व, सार

highway - राजमार्ग

murders - टेढ़ी खीर, बरबाद करना

admonishing - चेतावनी देना

advocating - समर्थन करना, वकील, अधिवक्ता

foreigners - परदेशी, विदेशी

The Standard commented upon the fact that lawless outrages of the sort usually occurred under a Liberal Administration. They arose from the unsettling of the minds of the masses, and the consequent weakening of all authority. The deceased was an American gentleman who had been residing for some weeks in the Metropolis.

Standard - दर्जा, शिष्ट, मान, प्रामाणिक

commented - टीका टिप्पणी करना, टिप्पणी

lawless - अराजक

outrages - नाराज़ होना, बहुत खराब बात

liberal - उदार, दान शील, उदारचरित, आजाद

administration - निर्वाह

arose from - से उठा

unsettling - बेचैन कर देना, हतोत्साह करना

minds - स्मरण, इच्छा, ध्यान, चौकन्ना

masses - जनसमूह, ढेर सारा

consequent - परिणामी, फल स्वरूप

weakening - शिथिल होना, कमजोर हो जाना

authority - अधिकारी, विशेषज्ञ, अधिकार

residing - होना, रहना

He had stayed at the boarding-house of Madame Charpentier, in Torquay Terrace, Camberwell. He was accompanied in his travels by his private secretary, Mr. Joseph Stangerson. The two bade adieu to their landlady upon Tuesday, the 4th inst., and departed to Euston Station with the avowed intention of catching the Liverpool express. They were afterwards seen together upon the platform.

boarding-house - (boarding-house) छात्रावास

Madame - मैडम, श्रीमती

terrace - बरामदा

accompanied - साथ देना, साथ साथ होना

private secretary - निजी सचिव

adieu - अल्विदा, नमस्कार{जाते समय}

inst - सिंहावलोकन

departed - से हटना, प्रस्ठान करना, छूटना

avowed - घोषित करना, घोषित करना, घोषित

express - व्यक्त करना

platform - मंच

Nothing more is known of them until Mr. Drebber's body was, as recorded, discovered in an empty house in the Brixton Road, many miles from Euston. How he came there, or how he met his fate, are questions which are still involved in mystery. Nothing is known of the whereabouts of Stangerson. We are glad to learn that Mr. Lestrade and Mr.

recorded - अभिलेखबद्ध करना, लिखित प्रमाण

fate - क़िस्मत, किस्मत, नसीब, तक़दीर

Involved - शामिल होना, शामिल करना

whereabouts - ठिकाना, अता पता

are glad - हम खुश हैं

Gregson, of Scotland Yard, are both engaged upon the case, and it is confidently anticipated that these well-known officers will speedily throw light upon the matter.

confidently - विश्वास सहित

anticipated - करना, सोच रखना, उम्मीद करना

speedily - जल्दी, तेज़ी से

throw - फेंकना

The Daily News observed that there was no doubt as to the crime being a political one. The despotism and hatred of Liberalism which animated the Continental Governments had had the effect of driving to our shores a number of men who might have made excellent citizens were they not soured by the recollection of all that they had undergone.

despotism - तानाशाही

Liberalism - उदारतावाद

animated - जीवन संचार करना/प्राण डालना

Continental - महाद्वीपीय, यूरोपीय

governments - शासन, शासन प्रणाली, सरकारी

effect - असर, प्रभाव

shores - किनारा, टेक लगाना, उठाना

excellent - उत्कृष्ट, उम्दा, श्रेष्ठ

citizens - स्थानिक, नागरिक, निवासी, सदस्य

soured - गीला, खट्टा बनाना, खट्टा, रूखा

recollection - स्मरण, स्मरण शक्ति, याद, स्मृति

Among these men there was a stringent code of honour, any infringement of which was punished by death. Every effort should be made to find the secretary, Stangerson, and to ascertain some particulars of the habits of the deceased. A great step had been gained by the discovery of the address of the house at which he had boarded-a result which was entirely due to the acuteness and energy of Mr.

stringent - कठोर, कठिन आर्थिक हालत, सख्त

code of honour - सम्मान का कोड

infringement - उल्लंघन, अतिलंघन

punished - दण्ड देना, धावा बोलना, सजा देना

secretary - सचिव, सेक्रेटरी

ascertain - पता लगाना, सुनिश्चित करना

step - कदम, डग, पग

boarded - किनारा, में चढना, तख्ता लगाना

due - सीधे, उचित, उप्युक्त, शुल्क

acuteness - तीक्ष्णता, पैनापन, नुकील्, जेहन

Gregson of Scotland Yard.

Sherlock Holmes and I read these notices over together at breakfast, and they appeared to afford him considerable amusement.

notices - सूचना, चेतावनी, देखना

at breakfast - नाश्ते पर

"I told you that, whatever happened, Lestrade and Gregson would be sure to score."

"That depends on how it turns out."

That depends - यह निर्भर करता है

"Oh, Bless you, It doesn't matter in the least. If the man is caught, it will be on account of their exertions; if he escapes, it will be in spite of their exertions. It's heads I win and tails you lose. Whatever they do, they will have followers. 'Un sot trouve toujours un plus sot qui l'admire.'"

Bless you - आपको बधाई

It doesn't matter - यह मतलब नहीं है

is caught - पकड़ा गया

escapes - राहत, बचाव, भाग जाना

spite - द्वेष-विद्वेष, मनमुटाव, गांठ

tails - काटना, पिछला हिस्सा, पिछला

followers - अनुगामी, अनुयायी, आगे दिया हुआ

un - सं.रा, यू एन

sot - पियक्कड़, शराबी

plus - इसके अतिरिक्त्त, धन, और, मिलाकर

admire - समादर करना, प्रशंसा करना

"What on earth is this?" I cried, for at this moment there came the pattering of many steps in the hall and on the stairs, accompanied by audible expressions of disgust upon the part of our landlady.

pattering - बड़बड़ाहट, पटपटाहट, पटपटाना

audible - कर्णगोचर, श्रव्य

expressions - वचन, पदसंहति, अभिव्यक्ति, रूख

disgust - गुस्सा, घृणा करना, घृणा

"It's the Baker Street division of the detective police force," said my companion, gravely; and as he spoke there rushed into the room half a dozen of the dirtiest and most ragged street Arabs that ever I clapped eyes on.

Division - विभाजन

gravely - गंभीर भाव से, गंभीर भाव से

dozen - दर्जन

most ragged - सबसे टूटा हुआ

Arabs - अरबी, अरब देशवासी, अरबी घोड़ा

"'Tention!" cried Holmes, in a sharp tone, and the six dirty little scoundrels stood in a line like so many disreputable statuettes. "In future you shall send up Wiggins alone to report, and the rest of you must wait in the street. Have you found it, Wiggins?"

tone - तान

scoundrels - बदमाश, बदमाश/दुष्ट

disreputable - अशोभनीय, बदनाम, अपमान/लज्जाजनक

statuettes - मूर्तिका, छोटी मूर्ति

send up - ऊपर भेजो

"No, sir, we hain't," said one of the youths.

youths - ताज़गी, नवयुवक, युवावस्था, यौवन

"I hardly expected you would. You must keep on until you do. Here are your wages." 13 He handed each of them a shilling.

wages - करना, किराया करना, तनखाह

shilling - 1971 तक ब्रिटेन में प्रचलित एक सिक्का, (shill) 1971 तक ब्रिटेन में प्रचलित एक सिक्का

"Now, off you go, and come back with a better report next time."

He waved his hand, and they scampered away downstairs like so many rats, and we heard their shrill voices next moment in the street.

waved - करना, दल, घुमाना, संकेत

scampered - भाग जाना, तेज़ी से दौड़ जाना

rats - कमीना आदमी, हड़तालभंजक, चूहा

shrill - तीखा, तीक्ष्ण, कर्णभेदी

voices - मतप्रकाशनाधिकार, प्रकट करना

"There's more work to be got out of one of those little beggars than out of a dozen of the force," Holmes remarked. "The mere sight of an official-looking person seals men's lips. These youngsters, however, go everywhere and hear everything. They are as sharp as needles, too; all they want is organisation."

beggars - व्यक्ति, याचक, भिखारी

Seals - मुद्रांकित करना, छाप

youngsters - बच्चा, लड़का

needles - सीलाई करना, स्फटिक, चोटी

organisation - व्यवस्थापन, संस्था, संगठन

"Is it on this Brixton case that you are employing them?" I asked.

employing - नियुक्त करना, नौकर रखना

"Yes; there is a point which I wish to ascertain. It is merely a matter of time. Hullo! we are going to hear some news now with a vengeance! Here is Gregson coming down the road with beatitude written upon every feature of his face. Bound for us, I know. Yes, he is stopping. There he is!"

merely - केवल, मात्र

Hullo - स्वागत

vengeance - प्रतिशोध, बदला, प्रतिहिंसा

beatitude - supreme

feature - अंग्रेजी से हिंदी में अनुवाद: विशेषता

There was a violent peal at the bell, and in a few seconds the fair-haired detective came up the stairs, three steps at a time, and burst into our sitting-room.

peal - घंटियों के बजने की आवाज

"My dear fellow," he cried, wringing Holmes'unresponsive hand, "congratulate me! I have made the whole thing as clear as day."

wringing - करना, (wring) करना

unresponsive - भावशून्य, उदासीन

congratulate - बधाई देना

A shade of anxiety seemed to me to cross my companion's expressive face.

shade - छाया

anxiety - चिंता, परेशानी

expressive - सूचक, भावबोधक

"Do you mean that you are on the right track?" he asked.

"The right track! Why, sir, we have the man under lock and key."

lock - ताला

"And his name is?"

"Arthur Charpentier, sub-lieutenant in Her Majesty's navy," cried Gregson, pompously, rubbing his fat hands and inflating his chest.

sub - कई शब्दों का लघु रुप

lieutenant - सहायक, लेफ्टिनेंट

Majesty - तेजस्विता, गरिमा, प्रताप, विभूति

Navy - नौसेना, नाविकदल, जलसेना

pompously - आडम्बर से, आडंबरपूर्ण ढंग से

inflating - बढ़ाना, अवमूल्यन करना

chest - छाती

Sherlock Holmes gave a sigh of relief, and relaxed into a smile.

sigh - आह भरना

relief - राहत

"Take a seat, and try one of these cigars," he said. "We are anxious to know how you managed it. Will you have some whiskey and water?"

cigars - चुरुट/सिगार, सिगार, चुरूट

whiskey - व्हिस्की, विलायती पानी, मदिरा

"I don't mind if I do," the detective answered. "The tremendous exertions which I have gone through during the last day or two have worn me out. Not so much bodily exertion, you understand, as the strain upon the mind. You will appreciate that, Mr. Sherlock Holmes, for we are both brain-workers."

tremendous - बहुत अच्छा, ज़बर्दस्त, असीम

bodily - शारीरिक

exertion - प्रयास, परिश्रम, श्रम

strain - तनना, तानना, खींचना

Workers - कर्मचारी, श्रमजीवी, कर्ता

"You do me too much honour," said Holmes, gravely. "Let us hear how you arrived at this most gratifying result."

honour - सम्मान

gratifying - पूरा करना, प्रसन्न होना

The detective seated himself in the arm-chair, and puffed complacently at his cigar. Then suddenly he slapped his thigh in a paroxysm of amusement.

puffed - दुलाई, झोंका, उड़ाना, कश, लच्छा

complacently - आत्मटुष्टिपूर्वक

slapped - सीधे, ठीक, तमाचा मारना

thigh - जांघ, रान

paroxysm - आवेग

"The fun of it is," he cried, "that that fool Lestrade, who thinks himself so smart, has gone off upon the wrong track altogether. He is after the secretary Stangerson, who had no more to do with the crime than the babe unborn. I have no doubt that he has caught him by this time."

gone off - गया हुआ

altogether - पूर्णतया, सब मिलाकर, कुल मिलाकर

babe - शिशु, बेब, बच्चा" #(archaic

unborn - अनजन्मा

The idea tickled Gregson so much that he laughed until he choked.

tickled - गुदगुदी, जगाना, गुदगुदाना

choked - चोक, सांस रूकना

"And how did you get your clue?"

"Ah, I'll tell you all about it. Of course, Doctor Watson, this is strictly between ourselves. The first difficulty which we had to contend with was the finding of this American's antecedents. Some people would have waited until their advertisements were answered, or until parties came forward and volunteered information. That is not Tobias Gregson's way of going to work.

strictly - पूरी तरह से, कड़ाई से, केवल

contend - विवाद करना, संघर्ष करना

antecedents - पूर्वज, पूर्ववर्ती, पूर्व पद

forward - अग्रवर्ती

volunteered - अपने आप देना, कहना

You remember the hat beside the dead man?"

"Yes," said Holmes; "by John Underwood and Sons, 129, Camberwell Road."

underwood - झाड़ झंखाड़

Gregson looked quite crest-fallen.

crest - शिखर, शिखर तक पहुँचना, ढाल

"I had no idea that you noticed that," he said. "Have you been there?"


"Ha!" cried Gregson, in a relieved voice; "you should never neglect a chance, however small it may seem."

relieved - कम करना, सहायता करना, उठाना

neglect - उपेक्षा करना, लापरवाही, उपेक्षा

"To a great mind, nothing is little," remarked Holmes, sententiously.

sententiously - सारगर्भित ढंग से

"Well, I went to Underwood, and asked him if he had sold a hat of that size and description. He looked over his books, and came on it at once. He had sent the hat to a Mr. Drebber, residing at Charpentier's Boarding Establishment, Torquay Terrace. Thus I got at his address."

size - आकार

boarding - embarkation

establishment - स्थान, संस्था, नींव, स्थापना

thus - इस प्रकार

"Smart-very smart!" murmured Sherlock Holmes.

"I next called upon Madame Charpentier," continued the detective. "I found her very pale and distressed. Her daughter was in the room, too-an uncommonly fine girl she is, too; she was looking red about the eyes and her lips trembled as I spoke to her. That didn't escape my notice. I began to smell a rat. You know the feeling, Mr.

pale - फीका

distressed - दुःख होना, कठिनाई, दुःख होना

uncommonly - असामान्य रूप से

trembled - परेशान करना, हिलना, कम्पन

escape - राहत, बचाव, भाग जाना

Sherlock Holmes, when you come upon the right scent-a kind of thrill in your nerves. 'Have you heard of the mysterious death of your late boarder Mr. Enoch J. Drebber, of Cleveland?'I asked.

thrill - रोमांचित करना

boarder - आवासी, अंतेवासी

"The mother nodded. She didn't seem able to get out a word. The daughter burst into tears. I felt more than ever that these people knew something of the matter.

nodded - ऊँघना, झूमना, सिर हिलाना, हुक्म

Tears - करना, आँसू, खींच लेना, चीरा

"'At what o'clock did Mr. Drebber leave your house for the train?'I asked.

"'At eight o'clock,'she said, gulping in her throat to keep down her agitation. 'His secretary, Mr. Stangerson, said that there were two trains-one at 9.15 and one at 11. He was to catch the first. 14

gulping - निगलना, घूँट भरना, घूँट, गटकना

throat - गला

agitation - उत्तेजना, अकुला, आंदोलन, हिलाना

catch - पकड़ना

"'And was that the last which you saw of him?'

"A terrible change came over the woman's face as I asked the question. Her features turned perfectly livid. It was some seconds before she could get out the single word 'Yes'-and when it did come it was in a husky unnatural tone.

perfectly - सितारा मछली, पूर्णतः

livid - बहुत अधिक नाराज़, रक्तहीन

husky - भर्रायी हुई आवाज

"There was silence for a moment, and then the daughter spoke in a calm clear voice.

"'No good can ever come of falsehood, mother,'she said. 'Let us be frank with this gentleman. We did see Mr. Drebber again.'

falsehood - झूठ, असत्यता

frank - स्पष्टवादी, सरल

"'God forgive you!'cried Madame Charpentier, throwing up her hands and sinking back in her chair. 'You have murdered your brother.'

God - देवता, ईश्वर, भगवान, हे भगवान

forgive - माफ़ करना, क्षमा करना

throwing - उदीरण, (throw)

sinking - धंसता, (sink), चिलमची

"'Arthur would rather that we spoke the truth,'the girl answered firmly.

firmly - मज़बूती से, मज़बूती से

"'You had best tell me all about it now,'I said. 'Half-confidences are worse than none. Besides, you do not know how much we know of it.'

confidences - भरोसा, दृढ विश्वास

"'On your head be it, Alice!'cried her mother; and then, turning to me, 'I will tell you all, sir. Do not imagine that my agitation on behalf of my son arises from any fear lest he should have had a hand in this terrible affair. He is utterly innocent of it. My dread is, however, that in your eyes and in the eyes of others he may appear to be compromised. That however is surely impossible.

behalf - हेतु

arises from - से उठता है

utterly - नितान्त, पूर्ण रूप से

innocent - निर्दोष

dread - वहशत, सहम

compromised - समझौता करना, जोखिम में डालना

His high character, his profession, his antecedents would all forbid it.'

forbid - रोकना, मना करना

"'Your best way is to make a clean breast of the facts,'I answered. 'Depend upon it, if your son is innocent he will be none the worse.'

breast - स्तन

"'Perhaps, Alice, you had better leave us together,'she said, and her daughter withdrew. 'Now, sir,'she continued, 'I had no intention of telling you all this, but since my poor daughter has disclosed it I have no alternative. Having once decided to speak, I will tell you all without omitting any particular.'

withdrew - हटाना, अलग करना, हटा लेना

disclosed - बताना, दिखाना, प्रकट करना

omitting - हटाना, छोड जाना, छोड़ देना

"'It is your wisest course,'said I.

wisest - बुद्धिमान, सूचना देना, विद्वान

"'Mr. Drebber has been with us nearly three weeks. He and his secretary, Mr. Stangerson, had been travelling on the Continent. I noticed a "Copenhagen" label upon each of their trunks, showing that that had been their last stopping place. Stangerson was a quiet reserved man, but his employer, I am sorry to say, was far otherwise. He was coarse in his habits and brutish in his ways.

nearly - लगभग

travelling on - यात्रा कर रहे हैं

Continent - महाद्वीप

Copenhagen - capital of Denmark

label - लेबल

trunks - लाइन, धारा, डाली, नली, तना

stopping place - रुकावट स्थान

reserved - संचय, अलग छोड़ देना, प्रतिबंध

employer - नियोक्ता, मालिक, नियोजक

otherwise - अन्यथा, नहीं तो

brutish - पशुवत, पशुवत्

The very night of his arrival he became very much the worse for drink, and, indeed, after twelve o'clock in the day he could hardly ever be said to be sober. His manners towards the maid-servants were disgustingly free and familiar.

arrival - आगमन

hardly ever - काफी कभी नहीं

sober - गंभीर कर देना, गंभीर, सादा

manners - आचरण, प्रक्रिया, शैली, शिष्टता

servants - कर्मचारी, नौकर, सेवक, भक्त

disgustingly - बहुत अधिक, बहुत अधिक

Worst of all, he speedily assumed the same attitude towards my daughter, Alice, and spoke to her more than once in a way which, fortunately, she is too innocent to understand. On one occasion he actually seized her in his arms and embraced her-an outrage which caused his own secretary to reproach him for his unmanly conduct.'

attitude - टशन, नज़रिया r=nazariyā, रवैया

fortunately - भाग्य से, सौभाग्यवश

actually - यों, वास्तव में, असल में, वाकई

embraced - आलिंगन, समाविष्ट करना

outrage - नाराज़ होना, बहुत खराब बात

reproach - धिक्कारना, दोष लगाना, उलाहना

unmanly - पौरूषहीन, स्त्रैण, डरपोक, नामर्द

conduct - चलाना, आचरण, संचालन करना

"'But why did you stand all this,'I asked. 'I suppose that you can get rid of your boarders when you wish.'

rid - मुक्त करा

boarders - आवासी, अंतेवासी

"Mrs. Charpentier blushed at my pertinent question. 'Would to God that I had given him notice on the very day that he came,'she said. 'But it was a sore temptation. They were paying a pound a day each-fourteen pounds a week, and this is the slack season. I am a widow, and my boy in the Navy has cost me much. I grudged to lose the money. I acted for the best.

blushed - शरम आना, लज्जा, शरमाना

pertinent - उपयुक्त, प्रासंगिक

temptation - प्रलोभन, लुभाने का तरीका

Slack - ढीला

season - ऋतु

widow - विधवा, वीडो, बेवा, राँड़

grudged - शिकायत, ईर्ष्या रखना

acted - कार्य, प्रदर्शन, करना

This last was too much, however, and I gave him notice to leave on account of it. That was the reason of his going.'


"'My heart grew light when I saw him drive away. My son is on leave just now, but I did not tell him anything of all this, for his temper is violent, and he is passionately fond of his sister. When I closed the door behind them a load seemed to be lifted from my mind. Alas, in less than an hour there was a ring at the bell, and I learned that Mr. Drebber had returned.

drive away - दूर चले जाओ

passionately - आवेश में आ कर

fond - प्रिय

Alas - हाय, (ala) हाय

He was much excited, and evidently the worse for drink. He forced his way into the room, where I was sitting with my daughter, and made some incoherent remark about having missed his train. He then turned to Alice, and before my very face, proposed to her that she should fly with him. "You are of age," he said, "and there is no law to stop you. I have money enough and to spare.

forced - बल, गुण, दल, विवश करना, शक्ति

incoherent - असंगत, असंबद्ध, अवाक्

spare - किसी के बिना काम चलनाना

Never mind the old girl here, but come along with me now straight away. You shall live like a princess." Poor Alice was so frightened that she shrunk away from him, but he caught her by the wrist and endeavoured to draw her towards the door. I screamed, and at that moment my son Arthur came into the room. What happened then I do not know. I heard oaths and the confused sounds of a scuffle.

princess - राजकुमारी, शहज़ादी, राजकन्या

shrunk - घटना, पीछे हटना, सिकोड़ना

wrist - कलाई

screamed - चीखना, चिल्लाना

confused - मिलाना, उलझा देना, गड़बड़ा देना

scuffle - हाथापाई

I was too terrified to raise my head. When I did look up I saw Arthur standing in the doorway laughing, with a stick in his hand. "I don't think that fine fellow will trouble us again," he said. "I will just go after him and see what he does with himself." With those words he took his hat and started off down the street. The next morning we heard of Mr. Drebber's mysterious death.'

terrified - डराना, डरना

raise - ऊपर उठाना

"This statement came from Mrs. Charpentier's lips with many gasps and pauses. At times she spoke so low that I could hardly catch the words. I made shorthand notes of all that she said, however, so that there should be no possibility of a mistake."

gasps - चाहना, धक से रह जाना

pauses - विराम, रूकना, ठहराव, रोक, रुकना

shorthand - आशुलिपिक, शौर्टहैण्ड, आशुलिपि

"It's quite exciting," said Sherlock Holmes, with a yawn. "What happened next?"

yawn - जंभना, जँभाई लेना, अंगड़ाई लेना

"When Mrs. Charpentier paused," the detective continued, "I saw that the whole case hung upon one point. Fixing her with my eye in a way which I always found effective with women, I asked her at what hour her son returned.

paused - विराम, रूकना, ठहराव, रोक, रुकना

fixing - मरम्मती, (fix)

effective - प्रभावशाली, वास्तविक, कार्यकारी

"'I do not know,'she answered.

"'Not know?'

"'No; he has a latch-key, and he let himself in.'

"'After you went to bed?'


"'When did you go to bed?'

"'About eleven.'

"'So your son was gone at least two hours?'


"'Possibly four or five?'

Possibly - संभव हो सकना, सम्भवतः, शायद


"'What was he doing during that time?'

"'I do not know,'she answered, turning white to her very lips.

"Of course after that there was nothing more to be done. I found out where Lieutenant Charpentier was, took two officers with me, and arrested him. When I touched him on the shoulder and warned him to come quietly with us, he answered us as bold as brass, 'I suppose you are arresting me for being concerned in the death of that scoundrel Drebber,'he said.

arrested - रोकना, अवरोध, आकर्षित करना

touched - उत्तेजित करना, प्रभाव

warned - सावधान करना, चेतावनी देना

quietly - शांतिपूर्वक, शांतिपूर्ण ढंग से

bold - दबंग

scoundrel - बदमाश

We had said nothing to him about it, so that his alluding to it had a most suspicious aspect."

most suspicious - सबसे संदेहजनक

"Very," said Holmes.

"He still carried the heavy stick which the mother described him as having with him when he followed Drebber. It was a stout oak cudgel."

stout - हट्टा-कट्टा

oak - बलूत

Cudgel - लाठी

"What is your theory, then?"

"Well, my theory is that he followed Drebber as far as the Brixton Road. When there, a fresh altercation arose between them, in the course of which Drebber received a blow from the stick, in the pit of the stomach, perhaps, which killed him without leaving any mark. The night was so wet that no one was about, so Charpentier dragged the body of his victim into the empty house.

altercation - झड़प, झगड़ा

arose - उदय होना, उत्पन्न होना, निकलना

blow - चोट

pit - गहरा गढ्ढा

stomach - tअमाशय, पेट, उदर

dragged - बाहर निकालना, बाधा, अवरोध

As to the candle, and the blood, and the writing on the wall, and the ring, they may all be so many tricks to throw the police on to the wrong scent."

tricks - शरारत, बहकाना, धोखा, चाल, कठिन

"Well done!" said Holmes in an encouraging voice. "Really, Gregson, you are getting along. We shall make something of you yet."

encouraging - प्रोत्साहित करना

getting along - साथ में चलना

"I flatter myself that I have managed it rather neatly," the detective answered proudly. "The young man volunteered a statement, in which he said that after following Drebber some time, the latter perceived him, and took a cab in order to get away from him. On his way home he met an old shipmate, and took a long walk with him.

neatly - स्वच्छतापूर्वक/सफाई से

proudly - शानदार ढंग से, अभिमानपूर्वक

perceived - अर्थ लगाना, देखना, महसूस करना

shipmate - सहनाविक

On being asked where this old shipmate lived, he was unable to give any satisfactory reply. I think the whole case fits together uncommonly well. What amuses me is to think of Lestrade, who had started off upon the wrong scent. I am afraid he won't make much of 15 Why, by Jove, here's the very man himself!"

satisfactory - संतोषप्रद, सन्तोषजनक, संतोषजनक

fits - संगत होना, स्वस्थ, उचित

amuses - मनोरंजन करना, मन बहलाना

It was indeed Lestrade, who had ascended the stairs while we were talking, and who now entered the room. The assurance and jauntiness which generally marked his demeanour and dress were, however, wanting. His face was disturbed and troubled, while his clothes were disarranged and untidy.

assurance - आश्वासन, गारन्टी, विश्वास

jauntiness - प्रसन्नता, बाँकपन

demeanour - आचरण

troubled - शिकायत, परेशान करना, झगड़ा

disarranged - अस्तव्यस्त कर देना

untidy - मैला, गन्दा

He had evidently come with the intention of consulting with Sherlock Holmes, for on perceiving his colleague he appeared to be embarrassed and put out. He stood in the centre of the room, fumbling nervously with his hat and uncertain what to do. "This is a most extraordinary case," he said at last-"a most incomprehensible affair."

perceiving - समझना, (perceive) समझना

be embarrassed - शर्मिंदा होना

nervously - घबराए हुए अंदाझ्ॅअ में

most incomprehensible - सबसे अव्यक्तिकृत

"Ah, you find it so, Mr. Lestrade!" cried Gregson, triumphantly. "I thought you would come to that conclusion. Have you managed to find the Secretary, Mr. Joseph Stangerson?"

"The Secretary, Mr. Joseph Stangerson," said Lestrade gravely, "was murdered at Halliday's Private Hotel about six o'clock this morning."


darkness - अंधेरा, अन्धेरा

THE intelligence with which Lestrade greeted us was so momentous and so unexpected, that we were all three fairly dumfoundered. Gregson sprang out of his chair and upset the remainder of his whiskey and water. I stared in silence at Sherlock Holmes, whose lips were compressed and his brows drawn down over his eyes.

intelligence - बुद्धि, अक़्ल

momentous - महत्वपूर्ण, आवश्यक

unexpected - अविचारित, अनिवार्य, अप्रत्याशित

compressed - दबाना, पट्टी, संक्षिप्त करना

"Stangerson too!" he muttered. "The plot thickens."

"It was quite thick enough before," grumbled Lestrade, taking a chair. "I seem to have dropped into a sort of council of war."

grumbled - शिकायत, गरजना, शिकायत करना

Council - परिषद, मजलिस

"Are you-are you sure of this piece of intelligence?" stammered Gregson.

stammered - हकलाहट, हकलाना, तोतलाना

"I have just come from his room," said Lestrade. "I was the first to discover what had occurred."

discover - खोज निकालना, खोज करना

"We have been hearing Gregson's view of the matter," Holmes observed. "Would you mind letting us know what you have seen and done?"

"I have no objection," Lestrade answered, seating himself. "I freely confess that I was of the opinion that Stangerson was concerned in the death of Drebber. This fresh development has shown me that I was completely mistaken. Full of the one idea, I set myself to find out what had become of the Secretary.

objection - आपत्ति

seating - बैठने का स्थान, बिठाने का काम

development - विकास

completely - बिलकुल, एकदम

They had been seen together at Euston Station about half-past eight on the evening of the third. At two in the morning Drebber had been found in the Brixton Road. The question which confronted me was to find out how Stangerson had been employed between 8.30 and the time of the crime, and what had become of him afterwards.

confronted - सामना होना, सामना, सामना करना

employed - used, working

I telegraphed to Liverpool, giving a description of the man, and warning them to keep a watch upon the American boats. I then set to work calling upon all the hotels and lodging-houses in the vicinity of Euston.

warning - चेतावनी, (warn)

lodging - आवास, (lodge)

vicinity - इलाका, अड़ोस पड़ोस

You see, I argued that if Drebber and his companion had become separated, the natural course for the latter would be to put up somewhere in the vicinity for the night, and then to hang about the station again next morning."

argued - प्रमाणित करना, सूचित करना

hang about - रहना

"They would be likely to agree on some meeting-place beforehand," remarked Holmes.

Likely - सम्भव, आशाजनक, संभावित, उपयुक्त

meeting-place - (meeting-place) मीटिंग प्लेस

beforehand - पहले से, पहले ही, पहले से ही

"So it proved. I spent the whole of yesterday evening in making enquiries entirely without avail. This morning I began very early, and at eight o'clock I reached Halliday's Private Hotel, in Little George Street. On my enquiry as to whether a Mr. Stangerson was living there, they at once answered me in the affirmative.

proved - प्रमाणित करना, परखना

Enquiries - पूछताछ

avail - लाभ उठाना, लाभ उठाना

George - जर्ज

affirmative - स्वीकारात्मक, हाँ, सकारात्मक

"'No doubt you are the gentleman whom he was expecting,'they said. 'He has been waiting for a gentleman for two days.'

expecting - in expectation of giving birth, pregnant

"'Where is he now?'I asked.

"'He is upstairs in bed. He wished to be called at nine.'

wished - आशा करना, इच्छा, चाहना

"'I will go up and see him at once,'I said.

"It seemed to me that my sudden appearance might shake his nerves and lead him to say something unguarded. The Boots volunteered to show me the room: it was on the second floor, and there was a small corridor leading up to it. The Boots pointed out the door to me, and was about to go downstairs again when I saw something that made me feel sickish, in spite of my twenty years'experience.

shake - झटका, घुमाना, मिलाना

lead - मार्ग दिखाना

unguarded - अरक्षित, असावधान, विचारहीन

second floor - दूसरी मंजिल

go downstairs - नीचे गिरना

sickish - बीमारी की तरह

Experience - अनुभव, तजरुबा, तजुर्बा

From under the door there curled a little red ribbon of blood, which had meandered across the passage and formed a little pool along the skirting at the other side. I gave a cry, which brought the Boots back. He nearly fainted when he saw it. The door was locked on the inside, but we put our shoulders to it, and knocked it in.

curled - मोड़ना, जाना, लपेटना, सिकोड़ना

ribbon - फीता, फ़ीता, रिबन

meandered - घुमावदार मार्ग से हो कर आगे बढ़ना

cry - रोना

fainted - धीमा, हल्की, धीमी, बेहोश होना

locked - घोड़ा, गुच्छा, बंद करना, छल्ला

The window of the room was open, and beside the window, all huddled up, lay the body of a man in his nightdress. He was quite dead, and had been for some time, for his limbs were rigid and cold. When we turned him over, the Boots recognized him at once as being the same gentleman who had engaged the room under the name of Joseph Stangerson.

huddled up - गिरते हुए

nightdress - नाइटी, राट्रि पोषाक

The cause of death was a deep stab in the left side, which must have penetrated the heart. And now comes the strangest part of the affair. What do you suppose was above the murdered man?"

cause - कारण

stab - भोंकना

penetrated - समझना, घुसना, काम करना

I felt a creeping of the flesh, and a presentiment of coming horror, even before Sherlock Holmes answered.

creeping - जाना, डर, छिपकर घुसना, घुसना

flesh - लहम, क्रव्य, मांस

presentiment - पूर्वबोध, पूर्वाभास

"The word RACHE, written in letters of blood," he said.

"That was it," said Lestrade, in an awe-struck voice; and we were all silent for a while.

awe - विस्मय, विस्मयाकुल कर देना

There was something so methodical and so incomprehensible about the deeds of this unknown assassin, that it imparted a fresh ghastliness to his crimes. My nerves, which were steady enough on the field of battle tingled as I thought of it.

methodical - सुव्यवस्थित, व्यवस्थित/तरीके का

deeds - कार्य, काम, विलेख

unknown - अनजान

assassin - हत्यारा, वधिक

imparted - बताना, प्रदान करना

ghastliness - भयानकता

field - क्षेत्र, खेत

tingled - सनसनाहट, जलना, सिहरन

"The man was seen," continued Lestrade. "A milk boy, passing on his way to the dairy, happened to walk down the lane which leads from the mews at the back of the hotel. He noticed that a ladder, which usually lay there, was raised against one of the windows of the second floor, which was wide open. After passing, he looked back and saw a man descend the ladder.

passing on - पारित करना

dairy - दूध का बना, दुग्धोत्पादक

walk down - नीचे चलो

mews - अस्तबल मार्ग

wide - चौड़ा

descend - उतरना

ladder - सीढ़ी

He came down so quietly and openly that the boy imagined him to be some carpenter or joiner at work in the hotel. He took no particular notice of him, beyond thinking in his own mind that it was early for him to be at work. He has an impression that the man was tall, had a reddish face, and was dressed in a long, brownish coat.

openly - खुलेआम

Carpenter - काष्ठकार, बढ़ई

joiner - मिलने वाला, योजक

beyond - के बाद, आगे, के अलावा

reddish - रक्तिम, कुछ रक्त वर्ण

He must have stayed in the room some little time after the murder, for we found blood-stained water in the basin, where he had washed his hands, and marks on the sheets where he had deliberately wiped his knife."

basin - नदी की घाटी, चिलमची

sheets - परत, विस्तार, फलक, रस्सी, फैलाव

deliberately - जानबूझकर, जान बूझ कर, जानबूझ कर

wiped - गिरना, हटाना, पौंछा लगाना

knife - छुरी, tचाक़ू

I glanced at Holmes on hearing the description of the murderer, which tallied so exactly with his own. There was, however, no trace of exultation or satisfaction upon his face.

tallied - मेल खाना, लेखा, हिसाब

"Did you find nothing in the room which could furnish a clue to the murderer?" he asked.

furnish - सुस्सजित करना, प्रस्तुत करना

"Nothing. Stangerson had Drebber's purse in his pocket, but it seems that this was usual, as he did all the paying. There was eighty odd pounds in it, but nothing had been taken. Whatever the motives of these extraordinary crimes, robbery is certainly not one of them.

motives - प्रेरक, प्रयोजन, उद्देश्य, कारण

There were no papers or memoranda in the murdered man's pocket, except a single telegram, dated from Cleveland about a month ago, and containing the words, 'J. H. is in Europe.'There was no name appended to this message."

memoranda - मेमोरांडा

containing - होना, रोकना, घेरना, लेना

appended - जोड़ना

"And there was nothing else?" Holmes asked.

"Nothing of any importance. The man's novel, with which he had read himself to sleep was lying upon the bed, and his pipe was on a chair beside him. There was a glass of water on the table, and on the window-sill a small chip ointment box containing a couple of pills."

novel - नवीन

sill - देहली, दहलीज

chip - कोने से टूटना, चू-चूकरना

ointment - मरहम, मलहम, बाम, लेप

pills - गोली, टिकिया, गर्भनिरोधक गोली

Sherlock Holmes sprang from his chair with an exclamation of delight.

"The last link," he cried, exultantly. "My case is complete."

exultantly - उल्लसित हो कर, उल्लसित हो कर

The two detectives stared at him in amazement.

"I have now in my hands," my companion said, confidently, "all the threads which have formed such a tangle. There are, of course, details to be filled in, but I am as certain of all the main facts, from the time that Drebber parted from Stangerson at the station, up to the discovery of the body of the latter, as if I had seen them with my own eyes. I will give you a proof of my knowledge.

threads - निकालना

tangle - पुंज

filled in - भरा हुआ

Could you lay your hand upon those pills?"

"I have them," said Lestrade, producing a small white box; "I took them and the purse and the telegram, intending to have them put in a place of safety at the police station. It was the merest chance my taking these pills, for I am bound to say that I do not attach any importance to them."

intending - चाहना, विचार होना, रखना

police station - पुलिस स्टेशन

merest - केवल, मात्र, झील, पोखरा

attach - लगाना, देना, संलग्न करना

"Give them here," said Holmes. "Now, Doctor," turning to me, "are those ordinary pills?"

They certainly were not. They were of a pearly grey colour, small, round, and almost transparent against the light. "From their lightness and transparency, I should imagine that they are soluble in water," I remarked.

pearly - मोतिया

lightness - फुर्ती, भारहीनता, हल्कापन

transparency - खोखलापन, स्पष्टता, पारदर्शिता

soluble - समाधेय, घुलनशील

"Precisely so," answered Holmes. "Now would you mind going down and fetching that poor little devil of a terrier which has been bad so long, and which the landlady wanted you to put out of its pain yesterday."

precisely - शुद्ध रुप से, स्वभाववश

fetching - जाकर लाना, दाम पर बिकना, ले आना

terrier - एक छोटा शिकारी कुत्ता, (terry) एक छोटा शिकारी कुत्ता

I went downstairs and carried the dog upstair in my arms. It's laboured breathing and glazing eye showed that it was not far from its end. Indeed, its snow-white muzzle proclaimed that it had already exceeded the usual term of canine existence. I placed it upon a cushion on the rug.

went downstairs - नीचे गया

upstair - ऊपर से नीचे

laboured - जी तोड़ कोशिश करना, मजदूर वर्ग

breathing - श्वसन

glazing - part of a window, windows

Snow-White - (Snow-White) स्नो व्हाइट

muzzle - मोहरा, थूथन, नालमुख

proclaimed - प्रमाणित करना, प्रशंसा करना

exceeded - अधिक होना, पार कर जाना

term - अवधि

canine - श्वानीय

cushion - तकिया

rug - ग़ालीचा, दरी

"I will now cut one of these pills in two," said Holmes, and drawing his penknife he suited the action to the word. "One half we return into the box for future purposes. The other half I will place in this wine glass, in which is a teaspoonful of water. You perceive that our friend, the Doctor, is right, and that it readily dissolves."

penknife - जेबी चाकू

suited - होटल का कमरा, अनुगामी, परिजन

teaspoonful - चाय का चम्मच, चाय चम्मच भर

readily - तरन्त ही, सरलता से, सरलता से

dissolves - घुलना, भंग करना, भंग करना

"This may be very interesting," said Lestrade, in the injured tone of one who suspects that he is being laughed at, "I cannot see, however, what it has to do with the death of Mr. Joseph Stangerson."

suspects - समझना, लगना, क्षतिग्रस्त

"Patience, my friend, patience! You will find in time that it has everything to do with it. I shall now add a little milk to make the mixture palatable, and on presenting it to the dog we find that he laps it up readily enough."

palatable - स्वादिष्ट, स्वीकार्य, रुचिकर

laps - लैप्स, (lap) लैप्स

As he spoke he turned the contents of the wine glass into a saucer and placed it in front of the terrier, who speedily licked it dry. Sherlock Holmes'earnest demeanour had so far convinced us that we all sat in silence, watching the animal intently, and expecting some startling effect. None such appeared, however.

saucer - तश्तरी, ससर, तश्तरी जैसी वस्तु

licked - हल्के से छूना, गति, हरा देना

dry - सूखा

The dog continued to lie stretched upon tho 16 cushion, breathing in a laboured way, but apparently neither the better nor the worse for its draught.

tho - थो

draught - वायु का झोंका, झोंका, घूँट

Holmes had taken out his watch, and as minute followed minute without result, an expression of the utmost chagrin and disappointment appeared upon his features. He gnawed his lip, drummed his fingers upon the table, and showed every other symptom of acute impatience.

disappointment - मायूसी, निराशा, आशाभंग

gnawed - कुतरना

lip - tहोंठ, लब

drummed - पीपा, थपथपाना, पीटना, नली

symptom - लक्षण

acute - अत्यधिक, नुकीला, कुशाग्र, पैना

Impatience - अधैर्यता, अधीरता, असहिष्णुता

So great was his emotion, that I felt sincerely sorry for him, while the two detectives smiled derisively, by no means displeased at this check which he had met.

emotion - भावना

sincerely - सचमुच, भवदीय, ईमनदारी से

derisively - उपहासपूर्ण ढंग से

displeased - अप्रसन्न कर देना

"It can't be a coincidence," he cried, at last springing from his chair and pacing wildly up and down the room; "it is impossible that it should be a mere coincidence. The very pills which I suspected in the case of Drebber are actually found after the death of Stangerson. And yet they are inert. What can it mean? Surely my whole chain of reasoning cannot have been false. It is impossible!

pacing - की अनुमति से, कदम, प्रगति, गति

wildly - शिष्टाचारहीनतः, अशिष्टतः

coincidence - संयोग, इत्तिफ़ाक़

inert - जड़, अक्षम, अक्रिय

And yet this wretched dog is none the worse. Ah, I have it! I have it!" With a perfect shriek of delight he rushed to the box, cut the other pill in two, dissolved it, added milk, and presented it to the terrier.

wretched - दयनीय, दरिद्र, अत्यंत दुखी

shriek - चीखना, चिल्लाना, ठहाका लगाना

pill - गोली

Dissolved - घुलना, भंग करना, भंग करना

The unfortunate creature's tongue seemed hardly to have been moistened in it before it gave a convulsive shiver in every limb, and lay as rigid and lifeless as if it had been struck by lightning.

moistened - गीला करना, नम करना, गीला करना

convulsive - झटकेधर

shiver - कांपना, सिहरना

limb - अंग

lifeless - नीरस, जड़, निर्जीव, बेजान

lightning - तड़ित, विद्युत, बिजली

Sherlock Holmes drew a long breath, and wiped the perspiration from his forehead. "I should have more faith," he said; "I ought to know by this time that when a fact appears to be opposed to a long train of deductions, it invariably proves to be capable of bearing some other interpretation. Of the two pills in that box one was of the most deadly poison, and the other was entirely harmless.

perspiration - पसीना, स्वेद

Faith - आस्था, धारणा, ईमान, यक़ीन

be opposed to - विरोध करना

proves - प्रमाणित करना, परखना

capable - सक्षम

interpretation - तफसीर

deadly - अत्यधिक, घातक, अत्यन्त, बहुत ही

harmless - सुरक्षित, हानि रहित, अहिंस्त्र

I ought to have known that before ever I saw the box at all."

This last statement appeared to me to be so startling, that I could hardly believe that he was in his sober senses. There was the dead dog, however, to prove that his conjecture had been correct. It seemed to me that the mists in my own mind were gradually clearing away, and I began to have a dim, vague perception of the truth.

senses - दिशा, होश, ज्ञान, योग्यता

mists - कोहरा, धुँधला करना

clearing away - हटाना

dim - धुंधला

perception - अवबोधन, अभिज्ञता, अनुभूति

"All this seems strange to you," continued Holmes, "because you failed at the beginning of the inquiry to grasp the importance of the single real clue which was presented to you. I had the good fortune to seize upon that, and everything which has occurred since then has served to confirm my original supposition, and, indeed, was the logical sequence of it.

grasp - समझना, पाने का प्रयत्न करना

Fortune - संयोग, सौभाग्य, भाग्य, सफलता

confirm - पुष्टि करना

original - असली, प्रारंभिक, मूल

supposition - मानना, अनुमान, परिकल्पना

logical sequence - तार्किक अनुक्रम

Hence things which have perplexed you and made the case more obscure, have served to enlighten me and to strengthen my conclusions. It is a mistake to confound strangeness with mystery. The most commonplace crime is often the most mysterious because it presents no new or special features from which deductions may be drawn.

hence - अतः, इस कारण से

perplexed - हैरान करना, व्याकुल करना

strengthen - शक्ति बढ़ना, मजबूत करना

Confound - पराजित करना, गलत साबित करना

strangeness - अनभिज्ञता, अजनबीपन

most mysterious - सबसे रहस्यमय

This murder would have been infinitely more difficult to unravel had the body of the victim been simply found lying in the roadway without any of those outré and sensational accompaniments which have rendered it remarkable. These strange details, far from making the case more difficult, have really had the effect of making it less so."

infinitely - बहुत ज़्यादा, बहुत हद तक

outré - very unconventional

accompaniments - साथ, संगत, {संगीत संबंधी)संगत

rendered - देना, अर्पण करना, पैदा करना

Mr. Gregson, who had listened to this address with considerable impatience, could contain himself no longer. "look here, Mr. Sherlock Holmes," he said, "we are all ready to acknowledge that you are a smart man, and that you have your own methods of working. We want something more than mere theory and preaching now, though. It is a case of taking the man.

contain - होना, रोकना, घेरना, लेना

look here - यहाँ देखो

acknowledge - स्वीकार करना, माना जा जाना

methods - क्रमबद्ध्ता, पद्धति

preaching - प्रेरणा, (preach) प्रेरणा

I have made my case out, and it seems I was wrong. Young Charpentier could not have been engaged in this second affair. Lestrade went after his man, Stangerson, and it appears that he was wrong too. You have thrown out hints here, and hints there, and seem to know more than we do, but the time has come when we feel that we have a right to ask you straight how much you do know of the business.

hints - झलक, संकेत, सुझाव, इशारा

Can you name the man who did it?"

"I cannot help feeling that Gregson is right, sir," remarked Lestrade. "We have both tried, and we have both failed. You have remarked more than once since I have been in the room that you had all the evidence which you require. Surely you will not withhold it any longer."

require - चाहना, आदेश देना, इच्छा करना

withhold - काटना, रोक कर रखना, रोक रखना

"Any delay in arresting the assassin," I observed, "might give him time to perpetrate some fresh atrocity."

delay - देरी करना

perpetrate - करना, पाप या दोष करना

atrocity - क्रूरता, नृशंसता, निर्दयता

Thus pressed by us all, Holmes showed signs of irresolution. He continued to walk up and down the room with his head sunk on his chest and his brows drawn down, as was his habit when lost in thought.

pressed - तंगी, दबा कर सुखाया हुआ

irresolution - अनिश्चय, दुविधा

walk up - ऊपर चलो

sunk - बर्बाद, मगन, (sink), चिलमची

"There will be no more murders," he said at last, stopping abruptly and facing us. "You can put that consideration out of the question. You have asked me if I know the name of the assassin. I do. The mere knowing of his name is a small thing, however, compared with the power of laying our hands upon him. This I expect very shortly to do.

abruptly - अचानक, रूखेपन से, अचानक ही

consideration - ध्यान, विचार, मुआवजा, कारण

shortly - कुछ समय, रुखाई से, शीघ्र

I have good hopes of managing it through my own arrangements; but it is a thing which needs delicate handling, for we have a shrewd and desperate man to deal with, who is supported, as I have had occasion to prove, by another who is as clever as himself.

managing - देखभाल करना, रखना, लेना

arrangements - सजावट, प्रक्रिया, व्यवस्थापन

handling - चलाना, उठाना धरना, प्रबंधन

shrewd - समझदार, धूर्त, चतुर

supported - प्रमाणित करना, भरण पोषण

As long as this man has no idea that anyone can have a clue there is some chance of securing him; but if he had the slightest suspicion, he would change his name, and vanish in an instant among the four million inhabitants of this great city.

securing - प्राप्त करना, निश्चित, सुरक्षित

slightest - छोटा, तुच्छ, साधारण

vanish - ओझल हो जाना, समाप्त हो जाना

inhabitants - निवासी

Without meaning to hurt either of your feelings, I am bound to say that I consider these men to be more than a match for the official force, and that is why I have not asked your assistance. If I fail I shall, of course, incur all the blame due to this omission; but that I am prepared for.

hurt - tदर्द करना

feelings - भावना, अहसास, जज्बात

assistance - मदद, सहायता, इमदाद

fail - चूकना, असफल होना

incur - नुक्सान उठाना, अपने ऊपर लेना

omission - न लिया जाना, चूक, लोप

At present I am ready to promise that the instant that I can communicate with you without endangering my own combinations, I shall do so."

promise - वचन, शपथ, वादा, सौगन्द

communicate - फैलाना, व्यक्त करना, पहुँचाना

endangering - खतरे में डालना, खतरे में डालना

combinations - संगत, संचय, संमिश्रण, संयोग

Gregson and Lestrade seemed to be far from satisfied by this assurance, or by the depreciating allusion to the detective police. The former had flushed up to the roots of his flaxen hair, while the other's beady eyes glistened with curiosity and resentment.

depreciating - कीमत घटना, मूल्य घटना

allusion - संकेत, उल्लेख

roots - धातु, खोदना, मूल, उत्साहित करना

beady - छोटी और चमकीली

glistened - चमकना

resentment - क्रोध, विद्वेष, नाराज़ग्

Neither of them had time to speak, however, before there was a tap at the door, and the spokesman of the street Arabs, young Wiggins, introduced his insignificant and unsavoury person.

spokesman - वक्ता, प्रवक्ता

insignificant - तुच्छ, नगण्य, मामूली

unsavoury - अस्वादिष्ट, बदबूदार, घृणित

"Please, sir," he said, touching his forelock, "I have the cab downstairs."

touching - मर्मस्पर्शी, मार्मिक

forelock - अलक

"Good boy," said Holmes, blandly. "Why don't you introduce this pattern at Scotland Yard?" he continued, taking a pair of steel handcuffs from a drawer. "See how beautifully the spring works. They fasten in an instant."

blandly -

pattern - नमूना, चित्र, उदाहरण, बनाना

of steel - स्टील का

handcuffs - हथकड़ी लगाना, हथकड़ी लगाना

drawer - दराज

beautifully - सुंदर ढंग से, बहुत अच्छे से

fasten - थोपना, अटकाना, निर्धारित करना

"The old pattern is good enough," remarked Lestrade, "if we can only find the man to put them on."

"Very good, very good," said Holmes, smiling. "The cabman may as well help me with my boxes. Just ask him to step up, Wiggins."

I was surprised to find my companion speaking as though he were about to set out on a journey, since he had not said anything to me about it. There was a small portmanteau in the room, and this he pulled out and began to strap. He was busily engaged at it when the cabman entered the room.

portmanteau - पोर्टमेंटो

pulled - करना, रोकना, बल, झटका, निकालना

strap - पट्टी, पट्टा

"Just give me a help with this buckle, cabman," he said, kneeling over his task, and never turning his head.

buckle - बकल, बकसुआ

task - काम

The fellow came forward with a somewhat sullen, defiant air, and put down his hands to assist. At that instant there was a sharp click, the jangling of metal, and Sherlock Holmes sprang to his feet again.

sullen - बदमिजाज़, घिरा हुआ, खिन्न

defiant - विद्रोही, निडर, अवज्ञाकारी

jangling - झंझटपटाना, (jangle) झंझटपटाना

metal - धातु, धात

"Gentlemen," he cried, with flashing eyes, "let me introduce you to Mr. Jefferson Hope, the murderer of Enoch Drebber and of Joseph Stangerson."

flashing - अवरोध, (flash) अवरोध

The whole thing occurred in a moment-so quickly that I had no time to realize it. I have a vivid recollection of that instant, of Holmes'triumphant expression and the ring of his voice, of the cabman's dazed, savage face, as he glared at the glittering handcuffs, which had appeared as if by magic upon his wrists. For a second or two we might have been a group of statues.

vivid - चमकीला, सुस्पष्ट, प्रबल, विशद

triumphant - प्रफुल्लित, विजयोल्लसित, विजयी

dazed - घबरा देना, आश्चर्यचकित कर देना

savage - असभ्य, दुष्ट, तीव्र, काटना

glared - चमक, गुस्से से घूरना, चमकना

glittering - शानदार, चमकीला, उज्ज्वल

magic - जादू

statues - मूर्ति

Then, with an inarticulate roar of fury, the prisoner wrenched himself free from Holmes's grasp, and hurled himself through the window. Woodwork and glass gave way before him; but before he got quite through, Gregson, Lestrade, and Holmes sprang upon him like so many staghounds. He was dragged back into the room, and then commenced a terrific conflict.

inarticulate - अस्पष्ट, अव्यक्त

roar - गरजना, चिल्लाना, शोरगुल

wrenched - झटका, खींच लेना, मरोड़, रिंच

hurled - जोर से चिल्लाना

woodwork - लकड़ी का सामान

gave way - हट गया

commenced - शुरू करना, शुरू करना

terrific - बहुत सारा, शानदार, ज़बर्दस्त

conflict - संघर्ष, युद्ध, द्वंद्व, विवाद

So powerful and so fierce was he, that the four of us were shaken off again and again. He appeared to have the convulsive strength of a man in an epileptic fit. His face and hands were terribly mangled by his passage through the glass, but loss of blood had no effect in diminishing his resistance.

powerful - प्रभावशाली, सशक्त, शक्तिशाली

fierce - भारी, घमासान, उत्तेजित, तीव्र

shaken off - छुड़ दिया

epileptic - मिर्गी रोगी, मिरगी का

Terribly - भद्दा, बहुत ज़्यादा, बहुत

mangled - बिगाड़ना, क्षत विक्षत करना

loss of blood - रक्त की कमी

diminishing - कमी होना, (diminish) कमी होना

resistance - विरोध, प्रतिरोध, मुक़ाबला

It was not until Lestrade succeeded in getting his hand inside his neckcloth and half-strangling him that we made him realize that his struggles were of no avail; and even then we felt no security until we had pinioned his feet as well as his hands. That done, we rose to our feet breathless and panting.

neckcloth - गर्दन का टोपी

strangling - गलती, (strangle) गलती

struggles - आगे बढना, मुश्किल, प्रयत्न

Security - सुरक्षा, ज़ामिन

pinioned - पंख, जकडना/बाँधना

breathless - हँफा देनेवाली, स्तब्ध, बेदम

panting - श्वास लेना, (pant) श्वास लेना

"We have his cab," said Sherlock Holmes. "It will serve to take him to Scotland Yard. And now, gentlemen," he continued, with a pleasant smile, "we have reached the end of our little mystery. You are very welcome to put any questions that you like to me now, and there is no danger that I will refuse to answer them."

serve - खिलाना

danger - जोखिम, ख़तरा, विपदा

refuse - अस्वीकार करना

PART II. The Country of the Saints.

Saints - आदर्श, संत, साधु/सन्त


Alkali - क्षार{खट्टापन हटाने का पदार्थ}

IN the central portion of the great North American Continent there lies an arid and repulsive desert, which for many a long year served as a barrier against the advance of civilisation. From the Sierra Nevada to Nebraska, and from the Yellowstone River in the north to the Colorado upon the south, is a region of desolation and silence. Nor is Nature always in one mood throughout this grim district.

central - केंद्रीय

lies - आराम करना, बनावट, झूठ

arid - नीरस, शुष्क, निर्जल

repulsive - विकर्षण, घिनौना, डरावना

desert - वीरान हो जाना

barrier - बाधा, रुकावट

advance - बयाना देना

civilisation - सभ्यता

Sierra - दाँतेदार पर्वतमाला, पर्वमाला

Nevada - US state

Nebraska - US state

Yellowstone - येलोस्टोन

Colorado - major river, US state

region - क्षेत्र, प्रदेश, इलाक़ा

desolation - निर्जनता, सूनापन, उजड़ापन, तनहाई

mood - मनोदशा

throughout - भर (bhar)

district - ज़िला, जिला, जनपद, डिस्ट्रिक्ट

It comprises snow-capped and lofty mountains, and dark and gloomy valleys. There are swift-flowing rivers which dash through jagged cańons; and there are enormous plains, which in winter are white with snow, and in summer are grey with the saline alkali dust. They all preserve, however, the common characteristics of barrenness, inhospitality, and misery.

comprises - समाविष्ट करना, सम्मिलित करना

capped - शिखर, टोपी पहनाना, कुकुरमुत्ता

gloomy - उदास, अंधकारमय, निराशजनक, दुखी

valleys - दर्रा, घाटी, निम्नभूमि, उपत्यका

swift - द्रुतगामी, तुरन्त

flowing - बहना, प्रवाह, चलना, धारा

Dash - डैश

jagged - नुकीली धार वाला, (jag) नुकीली धार वाला

enormous - बहुत, विशाल, बड़ा, लटालूम

plains - सरल, समतल, सीधा, साधारण, सहज

saline - लवणयुक्त घोल, लवणीय, खारा

preserve - मुरब्बा, सम्भाल कर रखना

characteristics - विशिष्ट लक्षण, लक्षण, विशिष्टता

barrenness - barren, not supporting life

inhospitality - lack of hospitality

misery - विपत्ति, दुखअ, दुःख/विपत्ती

There are no inhabitants of this land of despair. A band of Pawnees or of Blackfeet may occasionally traverse it in order to reach other hunting-grounds, but the hardiest of the braves are glad to lose sight of those awesome plains, and to find themselves once more upon their prairies.

Pawnees - निक्षेपग्राही, निक्षेपधर्ता

traverse - तय करना, पार करना, फैला होना

reach - पहुंचना

hunting - आखेट, शिकार करना, शिकार करना

grounds - स्थिर, तर्क

hardiest - दमदार, मज़बूत, तगड़ा

braves - चुनौती देना, शूर

awesome - विस्मयाकुल, आदर[डर] का हेतु

prairies - प्रेयरी

The coyote skulks among the scrub, the buzzard flaps heavily through the air, and the clumsy grizzly bear lumbers through the dark ravines, and picks up such sustenance as it can amongst the rocks. These are the sole dwellers in the wilderness.

coyote - कायोटी

skulks - छिपकना/कोने में डुबके रहना

scrub - मार्जन करना

buzzard - गिद्ध, बाज़

flaps - चिंतावस्था, उत्तेजना, फ्लैप

heavily - बहुत अधिक, बहुत अधिक

grizzly bear - ग्रिज़ली भालू

lumbers - इमारती लकड़ी, काठ कबाड़

ravines - दर्रा, गड्ढा

picks - उकसाना, खाना, हटाना, चयन, खोदना

sustenance - भरण पोषण, सहारा, अवलंब, आहार

amongst - के बीच में, के बीच में

rocks - कड़ी मिठाई, हिलना, पत्थर

sole - तलवा, तली

dwellers - निवासी

In the whole world there can be no more dreary view than that from the northern slope of the Sierra Blanco. As far as the eye can reach stretches the great flat plain-land, all dusted over with patches of alkali, and intersected by clumps of the dwarfish chaparral bushes. On the extreme verge of the horizon lie a long chain of mountain peaks, with their rugged summits flecked with snow.

Northern - उत्तरी

slope - झुकाना, समतल, झुकना, स्लोप

stretches - फैलाना, फैल जाना, पंक्ति

dusted - पोंछना, लाश, मिट्टी

patches - पट्टी, धब्बा, चकती, क्षेट्रअ

intersected - परस्पर काटना, एक दूसरे को काटना

clumps - गुच्छा, भीड़ लगाना, लौंदा

dwarfish - being especially small

chaparral - झाड़ झंखाड़

bushes - अस्तर, छल्ला, घने घुँघराले बाल

extreme - कठोर, समशीतोष्ण, तीव्र, बहुत

verge - किनारा

horizon - क्षितिज

peaks - चोटी, अधिकतम, चोटी पर पहुँचना

rugged - अपरिष्कृत

summits - शीर्ष सम्मेलन, शिखर

flecked - धब्बे डालना, कण, चित्ती, धब्बा

In this great stretch of country there is no sign of life, nor of anything appertaining to life. There is no bird in the steel-blue heaven, no movement upon the dull, grey earth-above all, there is absolute silence. Listen as one may, there is no shadow of a sound in all that mighty wilderness; nothing but silence-complete and heart-subduing silence.

stretch - फैलाना, फैल जाना, पंक्ति

sign of life - जीवन का संकेत

appertaining - सम्बन्ध रखना

steel - इस्पात, फौलाद, तलवार, ताकत

movement - हरकत, गति, आंदोलन olitical

absolute - पूर्णतया, परम, पूर्ण, असीम

shadow - परछाई, छाया, साया, tछाँव

mighty - शक्तिशाली, बहुत, प्रबल, तेजस्वी

subduing - रोकना, शान्त करना, वस में लाना

It has been said there is nothing appertaining to life upon the broad plain. That is hardly true. Looking down from the Sierra Blanco, one sees a pathway traced out across the desert, which winds away and is lost in the extreme distance. It is rutted with wheels and trodden down by the feet of many adventurers.

traced out - निर्धारित किया

winds - करना, लच्छी बनाना

rutted - कामोत्तेजना, कामोन्माद

trodden - तल्ला, चाल, चलकर रास्ता बनाना

adventurers - साहसी, साहसी योद्धा, दुस्साहसी

Here and there there are scattered white objects which glisten in the sun, and stand out against the dull deposit of alkali. Approach, and examine them! They are bones: some large and coarse, others smaller and more delicate. The former have belonged to oxen, and the latter to men.

glisten - चमकना

deposit - जमा करना, रखना, जमा करना, जमा

approach - पास आना

bones - शरीर, हड़्डी, देहावशेष

more delicate - सुंदर तेजी से

oxen - गायें

For fifteen hundred miles one may trace this ghastly caravan route by these scattered remains of those who had fallen by the wayside.

caravan route - कैरावन मार्ग

remains - रहना, बाकी रहना, भग्नावशेष

wayside - रास्ते का किनारा

Looking down on this very scene, there stood upon the fourth of May, eighteen hundred and forty-seven, a solitary traveller. His appearance was such that he might have been the very genius or demon of the region. An observer would have found it difficult to say whether he was nearer to forty or to sixty.

demon - दानव, दैत्य, देव, शैतान

His face was lean and haggard, and the brown parchment-like skin was drawn tightly over the projecting bones; his long, brown hair and beard were all flecked and dashed with white; his eyes were sunken in his head, and burned with an unnatural lustre; while the hand which grasped his rifle was hardly more fleshy than that of a skeleton.

parchment - चर्मपत्र पर लिखित दस्तावेज़

tightly - ठसाठस, कस कर, कस कर

beard - tदाढी, दाढ़ी

dashed - मिश्रण, टक्कर, टकराना, झलक

sunken - जलमग्न, अस्त

burned - करना, दाग, ख़र्च करना, बनाना

grasped - समझना, पाने का प्रयत्न करना

rifle - राइफल, राइफ़ल

fleshy - मांसल, गूदेदार

skeleton - कंकाल

As he stood, he leaned upon his weapon for support, and yet his tall figure and the massive framework of his bones suggested a wiry and vigorous constitution. His gaunt face, however, and his clothes, which hung so baggily over his shrivelled limbs, proclaimed what it was that gave him that senile and decrepit appearance. The man was dying-dying from hunger and from thirst.

leaned - टेक लग्ना, ब्ंजर, सहारे रखना

support - सहारा देना, संभालना, थाम रखना

massive - भारी, भीमकाय, विशाल

framework - रूपरेखा, संरचना, प्राधारिक

wiry - तार का, तार जैसा

vigorous - सशक्त, प्रबल, ओजपूर्ण, ओजस्वी

constitution - संविधान, आईन, राज्यांग, दस्तूर

gaunt - भूखा रहकर दुबला होना

baggily - अस्थिरता से

shrivelled - कुम्हलाना, मुरझाना

senile - बुढ़ापे के कारण सठियाया हुआ

decrepit - जर्जर, निर्बल, जीर्ण, जराक्रांत

dying - मरणकालीन, (dye)

hunger - भूख

thirst - प्यास, तृष्णा, पिपासा, तृषा

He had toiled painfully down the ravine, and on to this little elevation, in the vain hope of seeing some signs of water. Now the great salt plain stretched before his eyes, and the distant belt of savage mountains, without a sign anywhere of plant or tree, which might indicate the presence of moisture. In all that broad landscape there was no gleam of hope.

toiled - कठिन परिश्रम करना, परिश्रम

painfully - अप्रीतिकर ढंग से, कष्टपूर्वक

ravine - खड्ड

elevation - ऊँचा स्थान, उन्नति, ऊँचाई

belt - पेटी, बेल्ट

anywhere - कहीं भी, कहीं

indicate - दिखाना, सूचित करना

moisture - नमी

landscape - भूदृश्य, परिदृश्य

gleam - किरण डालना

North, and east, and west he looked with wild questioning eyes, and then he realised that his wanderings had come to an end, and that there, on that barren crag, he was about to die. "Why not here, as well as in a feather bed, twenty years hence," he muttered, as he seated himself in the shelter of a boulder.

wild - जंगली

realised - संपादित, सिद्ध

wanderings - घुमावदार, घुमंतू, अस्थिर

barren - व्यर्थ, बंजर भूमि, फलहीन, बांझ

crag - निकला हुआ भाग

feather bed - फेदर बेड

shelter - शरण, पनाह

boulder - गोल पत्थर, गोल शिलाखंड

Before sitting down, he had deposited upon the ground his useless rifle, and also a large bundle tied up in a grey shawl, which he had carried slung over his right shoulder. It appeared to be somewhat too heavy for his strength, for in lowering it, it came down on the ground with some little violence.

deposited - जमा करना, रखना, जमा करना, जमा

bundle - गठरी, गड्डी

tied - मिलाना, संबंध, लटकाना, धागा

shawl - शाल

slung - लटकाना, लटकन, गुलेल

lowering - कमी करना, (lower) कमी करना

Instantly there broke from the grey parcel a little moaning cry, and from it there protruded a small, scared face, with very bright brown eyes, and two little speckled, dimpled fists.

instantly - तुरंत, तत्काल, शीघ्र

parcel - पार्सल

moaning - कराहना, शिकायत करना, शोक करना

protruded - बाहर निकला हुआ होना

scared - डर, डरावन्, (scar) डर

bright - चमकीला

Speckled - चित्ती, धब्बा

dimpled - गढ्ढा

fists - मुट्ठी, मुठ्ठी

"You've hurt me!" said a childish voice reproachfully.

childish - बचकाना, लड़कपन की सी

reproachfully - आलोचनात्मक ढंग से

"Have I though," the man answered penitently, "I didn't go for to do it." As he spoke he unwrapped the grey shawl and extricated a pretty little girl of about five years of age, whose dainty shoes and smart pink frock with its little linen apron all bespoke a mother's care. The child was pale and wan, but her healthy arms and legs showed that she had suffered less than her companion.

unwrapped - खोलना, ज़ाहिर करना

extricated - निकालना, छुड़ाना

dainty - मृदु, स्वादिष्ट वस्तु/प्रसाद

frock - फ्रॉक

apron - तहबन्द, एप्रन

wan - पीला

suffered - सहना, उठाना, सहन करना

"How is it now?" he answered anxiously, for she was still rubbing the towsy golden curls which covered the back of her head.

curls - मोड़ना, जाना, लपेटना, सिकोड़ना

covered - चढना, आश्रय, बिखेरना, लिखना

"Kiss it and make it well," she said, with perfect gravity, shoving 19 the injured part up to him. "That's what mother used to do. Where's mother?"

kiss - चूमना, सहलाना

gravity - गुरुत्वाकर्षण

shoving - ढकेलना, डालना, धकेलना, धक्का

"Mother's gone. I guess you'll see her before long."

before long - जल्द ही

"Gone, eh!" said the little girl. "Funny, she didn't say good-bye; she 'most always did if she was just goin'over to Auntie's for tea, and now she's been away three days. Say, it's awful dry, ain't it? Ain't there no water, nor nothing to eat?"

auntie - बुआ, मौसी, मामी, चाची

awful - नृशंस, भद्दा, डरावना, खराब

"No, there ain't nothing, dearie. You'll just need to be patient awhile, and then you'll be all right. Put your head up agin me like that, and then you'll feel bullier. It ain't easy to talk when your lips is like leather, but I guess I'd best let you know how the cards lie. What's that you've got?"

dearie - दीरी

be patient - धैर्य रखें

awhile - तब तक

bullier - धमकाना, शानदार, धौंस देना

"Pretty things! fine things!" cried the little girl enthusiastically, holding up two glittering fragments of mica. "When we goes back to home I'll give them to brother Bob."

enthusiastically - उत्साहपूर्वक

holding up - उठा रहा है

fragments - टुकड़े टुकड़े होना

mica - अभ्रक

Bob - ऊपर नीचे करना

"You'll see prettier things than them soon," said the man confidently. "You Just wait a bit. I was going to tell you though-you remember when we left the river?"

Just wait - केवल प्रतीक्षा करो

bit - टुकड़ा, (bite), काटना, डसना

"Oh, yes."

"Well, we reckoned we'd strike another river soon, d'ye see. But there was somethin'wrong; compasses, or map, or somethin', and it didn't turn up. Water ran out. Just except a little drop for the likes of you and-and--"

reckoned - आशा करना, समझना, निर्भर होना

compasses - परकार, सीमा

turn up - उठाओ

"And you couldn't wash yourself," interrupted his companion gravely, staring up at his grimy visage.

visage - चेहरा, मुख मुद्रा, मुख छवि

"No, nor drink. And Mr. Bender, he was the fust to go, and then Indian Pete, and then Mrs. McGregor, and then Johnny Hones, and then, dearie, your mother."

Bender - किसी भी चीज का अत्यधिक सेवन करना

fust - फस्ट

Johnny - diminutive of John

Hones - सान चढ़ाना, प्रखर करना

"Then mother's a deader too," cried the little girl dropping her face in her pinafore and sobbing bitterly.

deader - मृत्युदार, (dead), मृत, मरा हुआ

pinafore - बच्चों के कपडों के ऊपर का कपडा

sobbing - action of the verb ", to sob"

"Yes, they all went except you and me. Then I thought there was some chance of water in this direction, so I heaved you over my shoulder and we tramped it together. It don't seem as though we've improved matters. There's an almighty small chance for us now!"

heaved - उठाना, उबकाई, उबकाई आना, लहराना

tramped - पैर घसीट कर चलना, माल जहाज

Almighty - सर्वशक्तिमान

"Do you mean that we are going to die too?" asked the child, checking her sobs, and raising her tear-stained face.

sobs - कमीना, सिसकते हुए कहना

raising - elevation

tear - अश्रु

"I guess that's about the size of it."

"Why didn't you say so before?" she said, laughing gleefully. "You gave me such a fright. Why, of course, now as long as we die we'll be with mother again."

gleefully - प्रसन्नतापूर्वक

fright - भय

"Yes, you will, dearie."

"And you too. I'll tell her how awful good you've been. I'll bet she meets us at the door of Heaven with a big pitcher of water, and a lot of buckwheat cakes, hot, and toasted on both sides, like Bob and me was fond of. How long will it be first?"

bet - दांव लगाना

Pitcher - घडा, गेंद फेकने वल खिलड्ॅई

buckwheat - कूटू

toasted - सलामती का जाम, शुभकामना करना

sides - किनारा, समतल, दल, साईड, फलक

"I don't know-not very long." The man's eyes were fixed upon the northern horizon. In the blue vault of the heaven there had appeared three little specks which increased in size every moment, so rapidly did they approach. They speedily resolved themselves into three large brown birds, which circled over the heads of the two wanderers, and then settled upon some rocks which overlooked them.

fixed - बदला लेना, लगाना, निश्चित करना

vault - मेहराबी छत

specks - दाग, कण, धब्बा, बिन्दु

resolved - निश्चय करना, समाधान करना

circled - वृत्त, पंक्ति, घेरना, चक्कर

wanderers - रमता जोगी, रमता जोगी, घुमक्कड़

They were buzzards, the vultures of the west, whose coming is the forerunner of death.

buzzards - गिद्ध, बाज़

vultures - लोभी, गिद्ध, गीध, चील

forerunner - अग्रदूत

"Cocks and hens," cried the little girl gleefully, pointing at their ill-omened forms, and clapping her hands to make them rise. "Say, did God make this country?"

cocks - शंकु आकार में भूसे का ढेर लगाना

hens - औरत, मुर्गी, मादा, मुऋगी

"In course He did," said her companion, rather startled by this unexpected question.

"He made the country down in Illinois, and He made the Missouri," the little girl continued. "I guess somebody else made the country in these parts. It's not nearly so well done. They forgot the water and the trees."

Illinois - a state of the United States of America

Missouri - US state, river

"What would ye think of offering up prayer?" the man asked diffidently.

offering - बलि, भेंट, अर्पित

prayer - पूजारी, मांग, आराधक, स्तोट्र

diffidently - संकोचपूर्वक

"It ain't night yet," she answered.

"It don't matter. It ain't quite regular, but He won't mind that, you bet. You say over them ones that you used to say every night in the waggon when we was on the Plains."

waggon - चौपहिया गाड़ी, वैगन

"Why don't you say some yourself?" the child asked, with wondering eyes.

wondering - उत्सुकतापूर्ण, (wonder), आश्चर्य

"I disremember them," he answered. "I hain't said none since I was half the height o'that gun. I guess it's never too late. You say them out, and I'll stand by and come in on the choruses."

disremember - भूल जाना

gun - तोप, बन्दूक

choruses - सह कलाकार, स्थायी

"Then you'll need to kneel down, and me too," she said, laying the shawl out for that purpose. "You've got to put your Hands up like this. It makes you feel kind o'good."

kneel - घुटने के बल बैठना, घुटने टेकना

purpose - उद्देश्य, प्रयोजन

Hands up - हाथ ऊपर

It was a strange sight had there been anything but the buzzards to see it. Side by side on the narrow shawl knelt the two wanderers, the little prattling child and the reckless, hardened adventurer.

prattling - गपशप, (prattle) गपशप

reckless - लापरवाह, असावधान, अविचारी

adventurer - साहसी, साहसी योद्धा, दुस्साहसी

Her chubby face, and his haggard, angular visage were both turned up to the cloudless heaven in heartfelt entreaty to that dread being with whom they were face to face, while the two voices-the one thin and clear, the other deep and harsh-united in the entreaty for mercy and forgiveness.

Chubby - गोलमटोल, गलफुला

angular - भद्दा, नुकीला, कड़क और असभ्य

cloudless - मेघशून्य, मेघ रहित

heartfelt - दिली

entreaty - अनुनय विनय, विनती

United - एक, विभाग, ईकाई, टुकड़ी, माट्रक

mercy - दया, करुणा

forgiveness - क्षमा, माफ़ी

The prayer finished, they resumed their seat in the shadow of the boulder until the child fell asleep, nestling upon the broad breast of her protector. He watched over her slumber for some time, but Nature proved to be too strong for him. For three days and three nights he had allowed himself neither rest nor repose.

asleep - मृत, सुन्न, सोया हुआ

nestling - बच्चा, पक्षी का नवजात बच्चा

protector - संरक्षक, रक्षक, रक्षी, रक्षमान

slumber - सोना, अल्पनिद्रा, नींद

repose - आराम

Slowly the eyelids drooped over the tired eyes, and the head sunk lower and lower upon the breast, until the man's grizzled beard was mixed with the gold tresses of his companion, and both slept the same deep and dreamless slumber.

eyelids - पलक, दृष्टिपत, नयन पट

drooped - झुकना, लटकन, कुम्हलाना

grizzled - पिनपिनाना

mixed - मिलना, मिश्रण, मिलाना

tresses - चोटी, जटा

dreamless - स्वप्न रहित, स्वप्नरहित

Had the wanderer remained awake for another half hour a strange sight would have met his eyes. Far away on the extreme verge of the alkali plain there rose up a little spray of dust, very slight at first, and hardly to be distinguished from the mists of the distance, but gradually growing higher and broader until it formed a solid, well-defined cloud.

wanderer - रमता जोगी, रमता जोगी, घुमक्कड़

awake - जागना

spray - फुहार

distinguished - अलग करना, पहचानना, पहचान्ना

broader - प्रभावशाली, साधारण, मुख्य

defined - बताना, सीमांकन करना

cloud - उलझाना, कमजोर करना

This cloud continued to increase in size until it became evident that it could only be raised by a great multitude of moving creatures. In more fertile spots the observer would have come to the conclusion that one of those great herds of bisons which graze upon the prairie land was approaching him. This was obviously impossible in these arid wilds.

increase - बढ़ना

multitude - जनसाधारण, झुंड, भीड़, बहु संख्या

creatures - व्यक्ति, शराब, आदमी, कठपुतली

fertile - उपजाऊ

spots - पाना, हल्का, दाग, लक्षण, धब्बा

herds - झुंड, पशुओं का झुण्ड

graze - खरोंच, चरना, चराना, खरोंच लेना

prairie - प्रेरी

approaching - पद्धति, सन्निकर्ष, समीप आना

wilds - कर्कश, असभ्य, अविवेचित, क्रोधित

As the whirl of dust drew nearer to the solitary bluff upon which the two castaways were reposing, the canvas-covered tilts of waggons and the figures of armed horsemen began to show up through the haze, and the apparition revealed itself as being a great caravan upon its journey for the West. But what a caravan!

bluff - बेतकल्लुफ

castaways - परित्यक्त

reposing - आराम करना, शान्ति, आराम

canvas - कैनवास

tilts - झुकाना, डगमगाना, झुकना, झुकाव

waggons - चौपहिया गाड़ी, वैगन

horsemen - अश्वारोही, घुड़सवार

haze - कोहरा

apparition - प्रेतात्मा, विचित्र वस्तु

itself - स्वयं, अपने आप, स्वयम्

caravan - क़ाफ़िला, काफिला, कारवाँ

When the head of it had reached the base of the mountains, the rear was not yet visible on the horizon. Right across the enormous plain stretched the straggling array, waggons and carts, men on horseback, and men on foot. Innumerable women who staggered along under burdens, and children who toddled beside the waggons or peeped out from under the white coverings.

rear - पिछवाड़ा

visible - दृश्य, प्रत्यक्ष, उन्मेष

straggling - अलग-अलग करना, (straggle) अलग-अलग करना

array - क्रम, पोशाक

carts - पहियेदार मेज़, ठेला

on horseback - घोड़े पर

innumerable - असंख्य, अमित

staggered - विचलित करना, लड़खड़ा कर चलना

toddled - चला जाना, डगमगाते हुए चलना

peeped - झलक, झाँकी, झांकना, दिखाई पड़ना

This was evidently no ordinary party of immigrants, but rather some nomad people who had been compelled from stress of circumstances to seek themselves a new country. There rose through the clear air a confused clattering and rumbling from this great mass of humanity, with the creaking of wheels and the neighing of horses.

immigrants - अप्रवासी, देशांतर में बसनेवाला

nomad - बंजारा

compelled - मजबूर, जबरदस्ती कराना

stress - तनाव

seek - ढूँढ़ना, ढूँढना, खोजना

clattering - खड़खड़ की आवाज़ करना, खड़खड़ाहट

rumbling - गड़गड़ाहट, (rumble) गड़गड़ाहट

mass - परिमाण

humanity - मानवता, मानव जाति, इंसानियत

creaking - चरचराना, चरचराहट

neighing - हिनहिनाना, हिनहिनाहट

Loud as it was, it was not sufficient to rouse the two tired wayfarers above them.

sufficient - काफ़ी, पर्याप्त, यथेष्ट

rouse - जागना

wayfarers - मुसाफ़िर, पैदल यात्री

At the head of the column there rode a score or more of grave ironfaced men, clad in sombre homespun garments and armed with rifles. On reaching the base of the bluff they halted, and held a short council among themselves.

clad - कपड़े पहने हुए, (clothe) कपड़े पहने हुए

sombre - निराशाजनक, उदास/शोकमग्न

homespun - घर का बुना, सीधा सादा

garments - वस्ट्र, कपड़ा

rifles - एक प्रकार की बन्दूक, तलाशी लेना

halted - पड़्व, रूकना, रुकना

among themselves - अपने आपके बीच

"The wells are to the right, my brothers," said one, a hard-lipped, clean-shaven man with grizzly hair.

lipped - किनारा, चूम्मन लेना, चूमन लेना

shaven - मुँडा हुआ, (shave) मुँडा हुआ

grizzly - भूरा रीछ

"To the right of the Sierra Blanco-so we shall reach the Rio Grande," said another.

grande - विशाल

"Fear not for water," cried a third. "he who could draw it from the rocks will not now abandon His own chosen people."

he who - वह जो

abandon - छोड़ देना

"Amen! Amen!" responded the whole party.

Amen - tतथास्तु, tआमेन, tआमीन

responded - प्रत्युत्तर देना

They were about to resume their journey when one of the youngest and keenest-eyed uttered an exclamation and pointed up at the rugged crag above them. From its summit there fluttered a little wisp of pink, showing up hard and bright against the grey rocks behind.

resume - फिर आरम्भ करना

keenest - अत्यधिक, नुकीला, तीव्र, उग्र

summit - शिखर

fluttered - उत्तेजना, घबराहट, उतार चढाव

wisp - गुच्छा, लट, छरहरा व्यक्ति

At the sight there was a general reining up of horses and unslinging of guns, while fresh horsemen came galloping up to reinforce the vanguard. The word 'Redskins'was on every lip.

general - सामान्य

reining - लगाम देना, लगाम, लगाम खींचना

guns - बंदूक चलाना, तोपगाड़ी

galloping - सरपट चाल, सरपट दौड़ना

reinforce - बढ़ाना, समर्थन करना

vanguard - अग्रगामी सैन्य टुकड़ी, नायक

redskins - उत्तरी अमेरिकी आदिवासी

"There can't be any number of Injuns here," said the elderly man who appeared to be in command. "We have passed the Pawnees, and there are no other tribes until we cross the great mountains."

tribes - वर्ग, जाति, समुदाय

"Shall I go forward and see, Brother Stangerson," asked one of the band.

"And I," "and I," cried a dozen voices.

"Leave your horses below and we will await you here," the Elder answered. In a moment the young fellows had dismounted, fastened their horses, and were ascending the precipitous slope which led up to the object which had excited their curiosity. They advanced rapidly and noiselessly, with the confidence and dexterity of practised scouts.

dismounted - उतरना

fastened - थोपना, अटकाना, निर्धारित करना

precipitous - त्वरित, उतावली में किया गया

confidence - विश्वास

dexterity - निपुणता, दक्षता, चुस्ती

scouts - पहरेदार, बालचर, पता लगाना

The watchers from the plain below could see them flit from rock to rock until their figures stood out against the skyline. The young man who had first given the alarm was leading them. Suddenly his followers saw him throw up his hands, as though overcome with astonishment, and on joining him they were affected in the same way by the sight which met their eyes.

watchers - चौकीदार, दर्शक, रतजगा करने वाला

flit - भाग जाना, मँडराना, इधर उधर उड़ना

Rock - चट्टान

skyline - गगन रेखा, क्षितिज

alarm - भयभीत करना, घंटी

throw up - उत्तेजित करना

overcome - हराना, पराजित करना

affected - बदलना, प्रभावित करना, ढोंग करना

On the little plateau which crowned the barren hill there stood a single giant boulder, and against this boulder there lay a tall man, long-bearded and hard-featured, but of an excessive thinness. His placid face and regular breathing showed that he was fast asleep.

plateau - स्थिरांक, पठार

crowned - शिखर, सिर पर मारना, सिर

Hill - पहाड़ी, पहाड़, गिरि

giant - दानव, देव, दैत्य

bearded - खुलेआम विरोध करना, दाढी नोचना

featured - दिखाना, प्रकट करना, विशेषता

excessive - अधिक, अत्यधिकआ, बेहद, प्रगाढ

thinness - महीनता, विरलता, दुबलापन, पतलापन

placid - शांत, सौम्य

Beside him lay a little child, with her round white arms encircling his brown sinewy neck, and her golden haired head resting upon the breast of his velveteen tunic. Her rosy lips were parted, showing the regular line of snow-white teeth within, and a playful smile played over her infantile features.

encircling - घेरना, (encircle) घेरना

sinewy - सशक्त, स्नायु जैसा

neck - गरदन

resting upon - पर आधारित

tunic - आवरक झिल्ली

rosy - उज्ज्वल, गुलाबी, सुहाना

playful - आनन्दित, चंचल, अलबेला, विनोदशील

infantile - बचकाना, शिशु संबंधी

Her plump little white legs terminating in white socks and neat shoes with shining buckles, offered a strange contrast to the long shrivelled members of her companion. On the ledge of rock above this strange couple there stood three solemn buzzards, who, at the sight of the new comers uttered raucous screams of disappointment and flapped sullenly away.

plump - मोटा, गोल-मटोल

terminating - समाप्त करना, तक जाना

socks - प्रहार करना, पीटना

shining - हाथ पैर के सहारे से जाना

buckles - झुकना, बकसुआ, झुका देना

offered - देना, अर्पण करना, बलि देना

contrast - फर्क दिखाना, विरोध

ledge - कगार

solemn - शान्त, पवित्र, समारोही, गंभीर

comers - प्रत्याशी, आगंतुक

raucous - कर्कश, उग्र, भारी आवाज

screams - चीखना, चिल्लाना

flapped - चिंतावस्था, उत्तेजना, फ्लैप

sullenly - मुँह फुलाए

The cries of the foul birds awoke the two sleepers who stared about 20 them in bewilderment. The man staggered to his feet and looked down upon the plain which had been so desolate when sleep had overtaken him, and which was now traversed by this enormous body of men and of beasts. His face assumed an expression of incredulity as he gazed, and he passed his boney hand over his eyes.

foul - बदबूदार

awoke - जगा हुआ, जागरूक, जगाना, जागना

sleepers - अनपेक्षित प्राप्तकर्ताआ

bewilderment - घबराहट

desolate - सुनसान, निर्जन, वीरान

overtaken - में अड़्चन पैदा करना

beasts - जंगली, असभ्य व्यक्ति, जानवर

incredulity - अविश्वास

boney - हड्डी

"This is what they call delirium, I guess," he muttered. The child stood beside him, holding on to the skirt of his coat, and said nothing but looked all round her with the wondering questioning gaze of childhood.

delirium - उन्माद, सन्निपात, उन्मत्तता

holding on - होल्डिंग ऑन

gaze - एक्टक देखने ताला, टकटकी

The rescuing party were speedily able to convince the two castaways that their appearance was no delusion. One of them seized the little girl, and hoisted her upon his shoulder, while two others supported her gaunt companion, and assisted him towards the waggons.

rescuing - राहत, बचाना, बचाव, उद्धार

convince - दृढ़ मत होना, विश्वास दिलाना

delusion - भ्रांति, भ्रम, भ्रम/धोखा

hoisted - उठाना, ऊपर उठाना, फहराना

assisted - मदद करना, सहायता देना

"My name is John Ferrier," the wanderer explained; "me and that little un are all that's left o'twenty-one people. The rest is all dead o'thirst and hunger away down in the south."

"Is she your child?" asked someone.

"I guess she is now," the other cried, defiantly; "she's mine 'cause I saved her. No man will take her from me. She's Lucy Ferrier from this day on. Who are you, though?" he continued, glancing with curiosity at his stalwart, sunburned rescuers; "there seems to be a powerful lot of ye."

defiantly - अवज्ञापूर्वक

saved - रोकना, सहायता करना, बचाना

Lucy - female given name

sunburned - धूप की झुलसन, धूप की झुलसन

rescuers - उद्धारक, राहत कार्यकर्ता

"Nigh upon ten thousand," said one of the young men; "we are the persecuted children of God-the chosen of the Angel Merona."

nigh - लगभग, पास

Persecuted - सताना

angel - देवदूत

"I never heard tell on him," said the wanderer. "He appears to have chosen a fair crowd of ye."

"Do not jest at that which is sacred," said the other sternly. "We are of those who believe in those sacred writings, drawn in Egyptian letters on plates of beaten gold, which were handed unto the holy Joseph Smith at Palmyra. We have come from Nauvoo, in the State of Illinois, where we had founded our temple.

jest - मजाक

sternly - कठोरतापूर्वक

sacred - धार्मिक

writings - रचना, (writing)

Egyptian - मिसरी

plates - चित्र, विस्तार, फलक, मुद्रा

beaten - खटखटाना, ताल, परास्त कर देना

unto - तक

holy - पवित्र

Smith - लोहार r=lohār

Palmyra - पाल्म्रा

founded - स्थापित करना, निर्माण करना

Temple - मंदिर

We have come to seek a refuge from the violent man and from the godless, even though it be the heart of the desert."

refuge - शरण, पनाह

godless - क्रूर, नास्तिक

The name of Nauvoo evidently recalled recollections to John Ferrier. "I see," he said, "you are the Mormons."

recalled - स्मरण, वापस लेना, वापस बुलाना

recollections - स्मरण, स्मरण शक्ति, याद, स्मृति

"We are the Mormons," answered his companions with one voice.

Companions - साथी, छोटी पुस्तक, मिट्र

"And where are you going?"

"We do not know. The hand of God is leading us under the person of our Prophet. You must come before him. He shall say what is to be done with you."

prophet - नबी

They had reached the base of the hill by this time, and were surrounded by crowds of the pilgrims-pale-faced meek-looking women, strong laughing children, and anxious earnest-eyed men. Many were the cries of astonishment and of commiseration which arose from them when they perceived the youth of one of the strangers and the destitution of the other.

crowds - ढेर, घेरना, भरना, मण्डली

pilgrims - तीर्थयात्री

meek - दब्बू, विनम्र, डरपोक

commiseration - act of commiserating

youth - जवानी, यौवन, युवावस्था

strangers - परदेशी, अपरिचित, परदेसी, अजनबी

destitution - अभाव

Their escort did not halt, however, but pushed on, followed by a great crowd of Mormons, until they reached a waggon, which was conspicuous for its great size and for the gaudiness and smartness of its appearance. Six horses were yoked to it, whereas the others were furnished with two, or, at most, four a-piece.

escort - सहचर, मार्गरक्षण करना

conspicuous - उत्कृष्ट, विशिष्ट, प्रत्यक्ष

gaudiness - भड़कीलापन

smartness - सजने सँवरने की शालीनता, जोश

yoked - जोड़ी, योक, जोड़ा, जोतना

whereas - जबकि, चूँकि, क्योंकि[प्रतिकूलता]

Beside the driver there sat a man who could not have been more than thirty years of age, but whose massive head and resolute expression marked him as a leader. He was reading a brown-backed volume, but as the crowd approached he laid it aside, and listened attentively to an account of the episode. Then he turned to the two castaways.

resolute - दृढ़, धीर/संकल्पवान

leader - नेता, लीडर, रईस, सरदार

aside - अलग, छोड़कर, एक किनारे

listened attentively - ध्यान से सुना

"If we take you with us," he said, in solemn words, "it can only be as believers in our own creed. We shall have no wolves in our fold. Better far that your bones should bleach in this wilderness than that you should prove to be that little speck of decay which in time corrupts the whole fruit. Will you come with us on these terms?"

believers - समर्थक, ईमानदार, आस्तिक

creed - धर्म

wolves - क्रूर व्यक्ति, भकोसना

fold - तह करना

bleach - कपड़े को सफेद बनाने के लिए रसायन

speck - धब्बा

decay - खराब करना, ख़राब होना, विकार

corrupts - भ्रष्ट करना

"Guess I'll come with you on any terms," said Ferrier, with such emphasis that the grave Elders could not restrain a smile. The leader alone retained his stern, impressive expression.

emphasis - बल, महत्व, जोर, अवधारणा

elders - वयोवृद्ध, ज्येष्ठ, बुज़ुर्ग, बड़ा

restrain - रोकना, स्वतंत्रता का हनन करना

retained - रोकना, रहने देना, सुरक्षित रखना

stern - कड़ा, कठोर, सख्त

impressive - प्रभावशाली

"Take him, Brother Stangerson," he said, "give him food and drink, and the child likewise. Let it be your task also to teach him our holy creed. We have delayed long enough. Forward! On, on to Zion!"

likewise - इसी तरह, वैसे ही, तुलनीय

delayed - रोकना, रोक देना, रोक देना

Zion - ज़ायन, आदर्श राज्य

"On, on to Zion!" cried the crowd of Mormons, and the words rippled down the long caravan, passing from mouth to mouth until they died away in a dull murmur in the far distance. With a cracking of whips and a creaking of wheels the great waggons got into motion, and soon the whole caravan was winding along once more.

murmur - बड़बड़ाना, सरसराहट, बड़बड़ाहट

cracking - शानदार, दरार, बहुत ही

whips - मिठाई, बुरी तरह से पछाड़ देना

winding - घुमावदार, घुमाव, चक्कर

The Elder to whose care the two waifs had been committed, led them to his waggon, where a meal was already awaiting them.

waifs - परित्यक्त शिशु, लावारिस बच्चा

awaiting - आसरा देखना, बाट जोहना, शलभ

"You shall remain here," he said. "In a few days you will have recovered from your fatigues. In the meantime, remember that now and for ever you are of our religion. Brigham Young has said it, and he has spoken with the voice of Joseph Smith, which is the voice of God."

remain - रहना

recovered - अच्छा हो जाना, ठीक होना

fatigues - थकाना, थकान, थकावट, थकन

for ever - हमेशा के लिए

religion - धर्म, दीन, मज़हब


Utah - a state of the United States of America

THIS is not the place to commemorate the trials and privations endured by the immigrant Mormons before they came to their final haven. From the shores of the Mississippi to the western slopes of the Rocky Mountains they had struggled on with a constancy almost unparalleled in history.

commemorate - किसी उत्सव द्वारा स्मरण करना

trials - पूर्व परीक्षण, परीक्षण, विचार

privations - हीनता, कमी, अभाव, न्यूनता, तंगी

endured - सहना, सहन करना, टिके रहना

immigrant - आप्रवासी

Western - पश्चिमी

slopes - झुकाना, समतल, झुकना, स्लोप

Rocky - पथरीला, दोलायमान, चट्टानी

struggled - आगे बढना, मुश्किल, प्रयत्न

constancy - वफ़ादारी, स्थिरता, नियमितता

unparalleled - अद्वितीय, अपूर्व, अनुपम, बेजोड़

The savage man, and the savage beast, hunger, thirst, fatigue, and disease-every impediment which Nature could place in the way, had all been overcome with Anglo-Saxon tenacity. Yet the long journey and the accumulated terrors had shaken the hearts of the stoutest among them.

beast - वहश, जानवर, हैवान, जंतु

fatigue - थकान

disease - रोग, व्याधि, बीमारी, मरज़

impediment - बाधा, हकलाहट, विघ्न

Anglo - अंग्रेजी

Saxon - सैक्सन, सैक्सन्, सैक्सन् संबन्धी

tenacity - दृढ़ता

accumulated - ढेर लगना, जमा करना, जमा होना

terrors - , भय, उपद्रवी, दहशत, उन्माद

hearts - बीच, तत्व, सार, केन्द्र, साहस

stoutest - मोटा, तेज बियर, दिलेर

There was not one who did not sink upon his knees in heartfelt prayer when they saw the broad valley of Utah bathed in the sunlight beneath them, and learned from the lips of their leader that this was the promised land, and that these virgin acres were to be theirs for evermore.

sink - चिलमची

Valley - घाटी, वादी

sunlight - धूप

promised - वचन, विश्वास दिलाना, लक्षण

Virgin - कुँआरी, कुंवारी

acres - 4840 वर्ग गज भूमि, एकड़, एकर

evermore - सदैव के लिए, हमेशा

Young speedily proved himself to be a skilful administrator as well as a resolute chief. Maps were drawn and charts prepared, in which the future city was sketched out. All around farms were apportioned and allotted in proportion to the standing of each individual. The tradesman was put to his trade and the artisan to his calling. In the town streets and squares sprang up, as if by magic.

administrator - प्रबंधक, शासक, प्रशासक, प्रशासन

chief - चीफ, प्रधान, श्रेष्ठ, मुख्य

sketched - खाका, संक्षिप्त विवरण

apportioned - विभाजित करना, संविभाजित करना

allotted - बांटना, देना{बाँटना}

tradesman - फेरी वाला, दुकानदार, दस्तकार

Artisan - कारीगर

squares - खरा, बराबर करना, वर्गाकार, वर्ग

sprang up - उठ गया

In the country there was draining and hedging, planting and clearing, until the next summer saw the whole country golden with the wheat crop. Everything prospered in the strange settlement. Above all, the great temple which they had erected in the centre of the city grew ever taller and larger.

draining - बहना, नाली, खाली करना

hedging - बाड़ लगाना, (hedge)

clearing - समाशोधन

wheat - गेहूँ

crop - पैदावार

prospered - संपन्न होना, समृद्ध होना

settlement - निपटारा, समझौता, भुगतान, बस्ती

erected - निर्माण करना, निर्माण करना

From the first blush of dawn until the closing of the twilight, the clatter of the hammer and the rasp of the saw was never absent from the monument which the immigrants erected to Him who had led them safe through many dangers.

blush - शरम इत्यादि के वजह से गाल लाल पड़ना

dawn - उषा, ऊषा, प्रभात, तड़का

twilight - सांझ, शफक

clatter - खड़खड़ की आवाज़ करना, खड़खड़ाहट

hammer - हथौड़ा, (ham)

rasp - मोटी रेती, कर्कशता

absent - अनुपस्थित

monument - स्मारक

safe - सुरक्षित

dangers - विपत्ति, संकट, खतरा

The two castaways, John Ferrier and the little girl who had shared his fortunes and had been adopted as his daughter, accompanied the Mormons to the end of their great pilgrimage. Little Lucy Ferrier was borne along pleasantly enough in Elder Stangerson's waggon, a retreat which she shared with the Mormon's three wives and with his son, a headstrong forward boy of twelve.

fortunes - संयोग, सौभाग्य, भाग्य, सफलता

adopted - स्वीकार करना, चुनना, मानना

pilgrimage - तीर्थ

borne - करना, होना, उचित होना, फैलना

pleasantly - सुखद रूप से, प्रङुल्लतापूर्वक

retreat - पुन: सीखना

Mormon - मॉरमन

headstrong - हठीला, दुराग्रही, हठी, ज़िद्दी

Having rallied, with the elasticity of childhood, from the shock caused by her mother's death, she soon became a pet with the women, and reconciled herself to this new life in her moving canvas-covered home. In the meantime Ferrier having recovered from his privations, distinguished himself as a useful guide and an indefatigable hunter.

elasticity - लचीलापन, तन्यता

shock - सदमा

pet - पालतू प्राणी

reconciled - मिलाना, मेल मिलाप कराना

Guide - अगुवाई करना, परिदर्शक गाइड

indefatigable - अथक/अश्रान्त, अथक

Hunter - शिकारी, खोजी

So rapidly did he gain the esteem of his new companions, that when they reached the end of their wanderings, it was unanimously agreed that he should be provided with as large and as fertile a tract of land as any of the settlers, with the exception of Young himself, and of Stangerson, Kemball, Johnston, and Drebber, who were the four principal Elders.

gain - प्राप्त होना

unanimously - सर्वसम्मति से, एकमत होकर

provided with - प्रदान किया गया

tract - क्षेत्र

settlers - मध्यस्थ, अधिवासी, उपनिवेशी

exception - अपवाद

On the farm thus acquired John Ferrier built himself a substantial log-house, which received so many additions in succeeding years that it grew into a roomy villa. He was a man of a practical turn of mind, keen in his dealings and skilful with his hands. His iron constitution enabled him to work morning and evening at improving and tilling his lands.

substantial - वास्तविक, बहुत अधिक, संतोषजनक

log - तना

additions - अनुवृद्धि, वृद्धि, जोड़, योग

succeeding - कामयाबी हासिल करना

roomy - विशाल, जगहदार, बड़ा, विस्तीर्ण

villa - विला

keen - उत्सुक

dealings - लेन देन, क्रय विक्रय

iron - कर्कश, कठोर, निर्दय

enabled - प्राप्त करना, अधिकार देना

Hence it came about that his farm and all that belonged to him prospered exceedingly. In three years he was better off than his neighbours, in six he was well-to-do, in nine he was rich, and in twelve there were not half a dozen men in the whole of Salt Lake City who could compare with him.

came about - आया

exceedingly - अत्यन्त, बहुत सा

lake - झील

From the great inland sea to the distant Wahsatch Mountains there was no name better known than that of John Ferrier.

inland - अंतःस्थलीय, अंदर, अन्तर्देशीय

There was one way and only one in which he offended the susceptibilities of his co-religionists. No argument or persuasion could ever induce him to set up a female establishment after the manner of his companions. He never gave reasons for this persistent refusal, but contented himself by resolutely and inflexibly adhering to his determination.

susceptibilities - भावना, अतिसंवेदनशीलता

argument - तर्क, झगड़ा, विषय, बहस, दलील

persuasion - धारणा, अनुनय, धर्म

induce - लाना, प्रेरित करना

persistent - सतत, लगातार, शाश्वत, अनवरत

refusal - इनकार

contented - मात्रा, सन्तुष्ट

inflexibly - in an inflexible manner

adhering to - अनुसरण करना

There were some who accused him of lukewarmness in his adopted religion, and others who put it down to greed of wealth and reluctance to incur expense. Others, again, spoke of some early love affair, and of a fair-haired girl who had pined away on the shores of the Atlantic. Whatever the reason, Ferrier remained strictly celibate.

accused - अभियोग लगाना, दोष लगाना

lukewarmness - उम्मीदवारी

greed - लालच, (gree)

wealth - धन, संपत्ति

reluctance - प्रतिष्टंभ, अरुचि, अनिच्छा

early love - प्रारम्भिक प्रेम

love affair - प्रेम कार्यक्रम

pined - देवदार, पाइन की लकड़ी

celibate - ब्रह्मचर्य, अविवाहित

In every other respect he conformed to the religion of the young settlement, and gained the name of being an orthodox and straight-walking man.

conformed - मानना, के अनुसार चलना

orthodox - रूढ़िवादी

Lucy Ferrier grew up within the log-house, and assisted her adopted father in all his undertakings. The keen air of the mountains and the balsamic odour of the pine trees took the place of nurse and mother to the young girl. As year succeeded to year she grew taller and stronger, her cheek more rudy, and her step more elastic.

undertakings - कार्य, वचन, उपक्रम, काम/व्यवसाय

balsamic - producing balsam, soothing

odour - गन्ध, बास

pine - एक सदाबहार पौधा

cheek - गाल

more elastic - अधिक लचीला

Many a wayfarer upon the high road which ran by Ferrier's farm felt long-forgotten thoughts revive in their mind as they watched her lithe girlish figure tripping through the wheatfields, or met her mounted upon her father's mustang, and managing it with all the ease and grace of a true child of the West.

wayfarer - मुसाफ़िर, पैदल यात्री

revive - पुनः उत्पन्न करना

lithe - सुनम्य

girlish figure - महिलाओं की आकृति

wheatfields - गेहूँ का खेत

mounted - घोड़ा, आयोजित करना, चढना

mustang - जंगली घोड़ा

ease - शांत करना, आराम, हल्का करना

grace - अदा

So the bud blossomed into a flower, and the year which saw her father the richest of the farmers left her as fair a specimen of American girlhood as could be found in the whole Pacific slope.

bud - कली

blossomed - फूलना/खिलना/समृद्ध होना/फलना

farmers - कृषि, किसान, काश्तकार

specimen - नमूना, आदर्श, अजीब आदमी

girlhood - कुमारीपन

Pacific - स्थिर, शांतिकर, शांतिप्रिय

It was not the father, however, who first discovered that the child had developed into the woman. It seldom is in such cases. That mysterious change is too subtle and too gradual to be measured by dates.

developed - होना, फैलाना, दिखलाना

subtle - हल्का, जटिल, कुशाग्र, तीक्ष्ण

gradual - क्रमिक, क्रमश्ः, क्रमश:

measured - ताल, मर्यादा, काफ़ी, नापना

Least of all does the maiden herself know it until the tone of a voice or the touch of a hand sets her heart thrilling within her, and she learns, with a mixture of pride and of fear, that a new and a larger nature has awoken within her. There are few who cannot recall that day and remember the one little incident which heralded the dawn of a new life.

maiden - युवती, लड़की

sets - घटना, करना, अटल, निश्चित करना

thrilling - उत्तेजित करना, खुशी होना

pride - आरोह, ऊंचाई, ऐंठ

awoken - जगा हुआ, जागरूक, जगाना, जागना

recall - स्मरण, वापस लेना, वापस बुलाना

incident - घटना

heralded - घोषणा करना, घोषणा करना

In the case of Lucy Ferrier the occasion was serious enough in itself, apart from its future influence on her destiny and that of many besides.

serious - जटिल, महत्वपूर्ण, रहस्यमय, घोर

apart - स्वतंट्र, दूर, अलग, अलग अलग

influence - प्रभाव, असर

destiny - किस्मत

It was a warm June morning, and the Latter Day Saints were as busy as the bees whose hive they have chosen for their emblem. In the fields and in the streets rose the same hum of human industry. Down the dusty high roads defiled long streams of heavily-laden mules, all heading to the west, for the gold fever had broken out in California, and the Overland Route lay through the City of the Elect.

bees - मधुमक्खी

hive - मधुमक्खियों का छत्ता, छत्ता

emblem - प्रतीक, चिह्न, चिन्ह

fields - कार्य क्षेत्र, आधार

Hum - गूँज, गुंजन, चहल पहल होना

industry - उद्योग

defiled - दूषित करना, अपवित्र करना

streams - बहना, वर्ग, प्रवाह, धारा, शाखा

heavily-laden - (heavily-laden) भारी भरा हुआ

mules - नशीली दवाओं का तस्कर, खच्चर

California - कैलिफ़ोर्निया

overland - स्थल मार्ग से, स्थलीय

route - मार्ग रास्ता, प्रयाण आदेश

elect - मनोनीत, निर्वाचित करना, चुनना

There, too, were droves of sheep and bullocks coming in from the outlying pasture lands, and trains of tired immigrants, men and horses equally weary of their interminable journey. Through all this motley assemblage, threading her way with the skill of an accomplished rider, there galloped Lucy Ferrier, her fair face flushed with the exercise and her long chestnut hair floating out behind her.

droves - झुंड

bullocks - बैल

outlying - दूर, दूरस्थ

pasture lands - चारा भूमि

interminable - अनंतकालीन, अनन्त

motley - रंगबिरंगा, विविधतापूर्ण करना

assemblage - जमाव, जमघट, एकत्रीकरण, संग्रह

accomplished - पाना, प्राप्त करना, पूरा करना

rider - संशोधन, घुड़सवार, सवार

galloped - सरपट चाल, सरपट दौड़ना

chestnut - शाहबलूत की लकड़ी का बना, भूरा

floating - अस्थिर, यायावर, तैरने वाला

She had a commission from her father in the City, and was dashing in as she had done many a time before, with all the fearlessness of youth, thinking only of her task and how it was to be performed.

commission - आयोग, कमीशन

dashing - मिश्रण, टक्कर, टकराना, झलक

fearlessness - निर्भयता, निडरता

be performed - किया जाएगा

The travel-stained adventurers gazed after her in astonishment, and even the unemotional Indians, journeying in with their pelties, relaxed their accustomed stoicism as they marvelled at the beauty of the pale-faced maiden.

unemotional - भावहीन, अभावात्मक

Indians - भारतीय, भारत संबंधी

stoicism - आत्मसंयम, सहनशीलता, स्टोइकवाद

marvelled - आश्चर्य, चमत्कार, अचंभित होना

She had reached the outskirts of the city when she found the road blocked by a great drove of cattle, driven by a half-dozen wild-looking herdsmen from the plains. In her impatience she endeavoured to pass this obstacle by pushing her horse into what appeared to be a gap.

outskirts - उपांत, बाहरी इलाका

blocked - गुट

cattle - ढोर, पशु/मवेशी, गाय बैल

herdsmen - चरवाहा

obstacle - बाधा, रुकावट

gap - दरार, अन्तराल, अन्तर

Scarcely had she got fairly into it, however, before the beasts closed in behind her, and she found herself completely imbedded in the moving stream of fierce-eyed, long-horned bullocks. Accustomed as she was to deal with cattle, she was not alarmed at her situation, but took advantage of every opportunity to urge her horse on in the hopes of pushing her way through the cavalcade.

scarcely - शायद ही, केवल, मुश्किल से

imbedded - बैठ जाना, बैठ जाना

stream -