scarlet - escarlata, escarlatina



Chapter - capítulo, sede, sección

Mr - Senor

IN the year 1878 I took my degree of Doctor of Medicine of the University of London, and proceeded to Netley to go through the course prescribed for surgeons in the army. Having completed my studies there, I was duly attached to the Fifth Northumberland Fusiliers as Assistant Surgeon. The regiment was stationed in India at the time, and before I could join it, the second Afghan war had broken out.

degree - título, diploma, grado

Doctor of Medicine - Doctor en Medicina

proceeded - procedió; continuar, proceder

prescribed - prescrito; prescribir, recetar, ordenar

surgeons - cirujanos; cirujano, cirujana

army - ejército, multitud

duly - bien; debidamente

attached - pegado; anexar, adjuntar

Fusiliers - fusileros; fusilero

assistant - ayudante, ayudante, asistente

regiment - regimiento

India - India

Afghan - afgano, afgana

war - guerra, guerrear, hacer la guerra

broken out - roto

On landing at Bombay, I learned that my corps had advanced through the passes, and was already deep in the enemy's country. I followed, however, with many other officers who were in the same situation as myself, and succeeded in reaching Candahar in safety, where I found my regiment, and at once entered upon my new duties.

Bombay - Bombay

corps - cuerpo; (corp) cuerpo

advanced - avanzado; avanzar, progresar, avance, progreso, adelanto, avance

passes - pasar(por), dejar atrás

deep - profundo, hondo, fondo, ancho, bajo, grave, oscuro

enemy - enemigo, enemiga

officers - oficiales; oficial

myself - yo mismo; me

succeeded - tuvo éxito; suceder, conseguir, tener éxito, heredar

reaching - llegando; llegar (a)

safety - seguridad, seguro

entered - entró; entrar

upon - sobre, en, tras

duties - deberes; deber, obligación, cometido, menester, arancel

The campaign brought honours and promotion to many, but for me it had nothing but misfortune and disaster.

campaign - campana; campana, sondear

honours - onores; honradez

promotion - ascenso, promoción, divulgación, propagación

misfortune - infortunio, gafe, mala suerte, desgracia

disaster - desastre

I was removed from my brigade and attached to the Berkshires, with whom I served at the fatal battle of Maiwand. There I was struck on the shoulder by a Jezail bullet, which shattered the bone and grazed the subclavian artery. I should have fallen into the hands of the murderous Ghazis had it not been for the devotion and courage shown by Murray, my orderly, who threw me across a pack-horse, and succeeded in bringing me safely to the British lines.

removed - eliminado; quitar, remover, detraer

brigade - brigada

attached - Adjunto

Berkshires - berkshires; Berkshire

whom - a quién; quién, quiénes, cuyo, quien

served - servido; servicio, servir, desempenar, fungir, operar, cernir

fatal - fatal

battle - batalla

struck - golpeado; tachar, borrar, golpear, pegar, acunar

bullet - bala

shattered - destrozado; astillar, estrellar, quebrantar, hacer anicos

bone - hueso

grazed - pasto; rasguno, aranazo, rasguno, pastear, apacentar, pacer

subclavian - Subclavia

artery - arteria

murderous - asesino, homicida

devotion - devoción, dedicación, fervor, veneración

courage - coraje, valor, valentía

orderly - ordenada; ordenado, metódico, pacífico, camillero

threw - tiró; lanzar, tirar

pack - paquete; fardo, bulto

safely - seguro; seguramente

British - británica; británicos, inglés británico

Worn with pain, and weak from the prolonged hardships which I had undergone, I was removed, with a great train of wounded sufferers, to the base hospital at Peshawar. Here I rallied, and had already improved so far as to be able to walk about the wards, and even to bask a little upon the verandah, when I was struck down by enteric fever, that curse of our Indian possessions. For months my life was despaired of, and when at last I came to myself and became convalescent, I was so weak and emaciated that a medical board determined that not a day should be lost in sending me back to England.

pain - dolor

weak - débil, feble, flaco, flojo

prolonged - prolongado; prolongar

hardships - dificultades; sufrimientos, apuro, penalidades

undergone - ufrido; experimentar, sufrir, soportar, padecer

wounded - Herida

sufferers - os enfermos; sufridor

rallied - reunidos; reagrupar

wards - pabellones; sala

verandah - veranda; porche

enteric - entérico

fever - fiebre, calentura

curse - maldición; maldecir

Indian - indio, hindú, indígena, indio, india

possessions - posesión, posesión natural, tenencia, posesión civil, posesiones

despaired - desesperado; desesperar, desesperanzar, desesperación

Last - el último; último

emaciated - demacrado; demacrar, emaciar, demacrarse, emaciarse

medical - médico

board - junta; tabla, plancha

determined - determinado; determinar

be lost - perderse

I was dispatched, accordingly, in the troopship "Orontes," and landed a month later on Portsmouth jetty, with my health irretrievably ruined, but with permission from a paternal government to spend the next nine months in attempting to improve it.

dispatched - enviado; despachar, privar, despacharse, despacho

accordingly - en consecuencia, por consiguiente, consecuentemente

troopship - Tropel

jetty - embarcadero

irretrievably - irremediablemente

ruined - arruinado; ruina, desbaratar, arruinar, estropear, dar al traste

permission - permiso, venia, beneplácito

paternal - paterno, paternal

government - Gobierno

attempting - intentando; intentar, tentativa, intento, ensayo

I had neither kith nor kin in England, and was therefore as free as air-or as free as an income of eleven shillings and sixpence a day will permit a man to be. Under such circumstances, I naturally gravitated to London, that great cesspool into which all the loungers and idlers of the Empire are irresistibly drained. There I stayed for some time at a private hotel in the Strand, leading a comfortless, meaningless existence, and spending such money as I had, considerably more freely than I ought.

neither - ninguno de los dos; ninguno, ningún, ni X ni Y, tampoco

kin - familia, parientes

therefore - por qué; por eso, por consiguiente, por lo tanto, por ende

income - ingresos, renta

shillings - chelines; chelín

sixpence - seis peniques; Moneda de 6 Peniques

permit - permiso; permitir

such - cómo; así, tal, semejante, tan, qué

circumstances - circunstancias; circunstancia

naturally - naturalmente

gravitated - gravitó; gravitar

cesspool - pozo negro, pozo ciego, cloaca

loungers - tumbonas; tumbona

idlers - rodillos; ocioso, holgazán, flojo, remolón, comodón

Empire - imperio

irresistibly - irresistiblemente

drained - drenado; desagüe, drenaje, aliviadero, tubo abierto, sangría

private - privado, privado

Strand - varar

leading - dirigiendo; (lead) dirigiendo

comfortless - sin comodidad

meaningless - sin sentido, insensato

existence - existencia

Considerably - considerablemente

freely - libremente

So alarming did the state of my finances become, that I soon realized that I must either leave the metropolis and rusticate somewhere in the country, or that I must make a complete alteration in my style of living. Choosing the latter alternative, I began by making up my mind to leave the hotel, and to take up my quarters in some less pretentious and less expensive domicile.

alarming - alarmante; alarma, rebato, despertador, alarma, tocar a rebato

state - el estado

finances - finanzas; finanza, financiar

realized - te has dado cuenta; realizar, darse cuenta, caer en la cuenta

either - cada, tampoco, o , o, ya sea...o

metropolis - urbe, metrópolis

somewhere - en alguna parte, en algún lugar, en algún sitio, a alguna parte

alteration - alteración, cambio, modificación

alternative - alternativo, alternativa

making up - inventar; hacer las paces

mind - mente, concentración, opinión, juicio, propósito, voluntad

pretentious - pretensioso; pretencioso, macanudo

less expensive - más barato

domicile - domicilio

On the very day that I had come to this conclusion, I was standing at the Criterion Bar, when some one tapped me on the shoulder, and turning round I recognized young Stamford, who had been a dresser under me at Barts. The sight of a friendly face in the great wilderness of London is a pleasant thing indeed to a lonely man. In old days Stamford had never been a particular crony of mine, but now I hailed him with enthusiasm, and he, in his turn, appeared to be delighted to see me.

conclusion - conclusión

criterion - criterio

bar - barra; tableta; barrote, reja

tapped - intervenido; golpecito, palmadita

turning round - dar la vuelta

recognized - reconocido; reconocer

sight - vista, lugar de interés, espectáculo, panorama, visor, mira, ver

wilderness - salvajes; descampado, jungla, maleza, monte

pleasant - agradable, placentero

indeed - de verdad; de hecho, realmente, efectivamente, verdaderamente

lonely - solo; solitario, desolado, desierto

particular - particular

crony - compinche, amigote

mine - (el) mío, (la) mía, (los) míos, (las) mías

hailed - aclamado; granizo

enthusiasm - entusiasmo

appeared - apareció; aparecer, comparecer

delighted - encantado; deleite, regocijo, delicia, placer

In the exuberance of my joy, I asked him to lunch with me at the Holborn, and we started off together in a hansom.

exuberance - exuberancia

joy - alegría, júbilo

"Whatever have you been doing with yourself, Watson?" he asked in undisguised wonder, as we rattled through the crowded London streets. "You are as thin as a lath and as brown as a nut."

whatever - qué; cualquier, lo que sea que, cualquier cosa que, no importa

undisguised - sin disimular

wonder - me pregunto; maravilla, milagro, genio, asombro, pasmo

rattled - molesto; hacer sonar, hacer vibrar

crowded - abarrotado; multitud, muchedumbre

lath - torneado; listón

Nut - nueces; fruto seco

I gave him a short sketch of my adventures, and had hardly concluded it by the time that we reached our destination.

sketch - boceto; bosquejar, esbozar, pergenar, esbozo, bosquejo

adventures - Aventuras; (adventure) Aventuras

hardly - apenas, a duras penas

concluded - concluido; concluir

reached - alcanzado; llegar (a)

destination - destino

"Poor devil!" he said, commiseratingly, after he had listened to my misfortunes. "What are you up to now?"

devil - demonio; diablo

commiseratingly - Compadecerse

misfortunes - desgracias; infortunio, gafe, mala suerte, desgracia

"Looking for lodgings." 3 I answered. "Trying to solve the problem as to whether it is possible to get comfortable rooms at a reasonable price."

lodgings - alojamiento, hospedaje, encamado

solve - resolver, solucionar, solventar

whether - si, si , o, ya sea

comfortable - cómodo, confortable, checkcómodo

reasonable - razonable, módico

"That's a strange thing," remarked my companion; "you are the second man to-day that has used that expression to me."

strange - extrano; extrano, raro, anormal, desconocido

remarked - remarcado; observación, comentario

companion - companero; companero, companera

expression - expresión, frase hecha

"And who was the first?" I asked.

"A fellow who is working at the chemical laboratory up at the hospital. He was bemoaning himself this morning because he could not get someone to go halves with him in some nice rooms which he had found, and which were too much for his purse."

fellow - colega; tipo

chemical - química; químico, producto químico

laboratory - laboratorio

bemoaning - Lamentando; (bemoan); quejar, lamentar

purse - bolsa, monedero, fruncir

"By Jove!" I cried, "if he really wants someone to share the rooms and the expense, I am the very man for him. I should prefer having a partner to being alone."

cried - lloró; llorar, gritar, panish: t-needed

alone - solo, a solas

Young Stamford looked rather strangely at me over his wine-glass. "You don't know Sherlock Holmes yet," he said; "perhaps you would not care for him as a constant companion."

strangely - extranamente; extranamente

Perhaps - acaso, quizá, quizás, tal vez

care - te importa; cuidado

constant - constante, perseverante, firme, constante

"Why, what is there against him?"

against - contra, cerca de, frente, en contra, enfrente, en pugna

"Oh, I didn't say there was anything against him. He is a little queer in his ideas-an enthusiast in some branches of science. As far as I know he is a decent fellow enough."

queer - raro, extrano, trucha, marica, maricón

enthusiast - entusiasta

branches - ramas; rama, sucursal, delegación, filial, ramo, ramificar

decent - decente

"A medical student, I suppose?" said I.

suppose - supongo; suponer

"No-I have no idea what he intends to go in for. I believe he is well up in anatomy, and he is a first-class chemist; but, as far as I know, he has never taken out any systematic medical classes. His studies are very desultory and eccentric, but he has amassed a lot of out-of-the way knowledge which would astonish his professors."

intends - pretender, planear, intencionar, intentar

anatomy - anatomía

first-class - (first-class) primera clase

chemist - químico, química

systematic - sistemática; sistemático

desultory - esporádico; incoherente

eccentric - excéntrico

amassed - mas

knowledge - conocimiento, conocimientos, sabiduría, checkconocimiento

astonish - asombrar, sorprender, pasmar

professors - profesores; profesor, profesora

"Did you never ask him what he was going in for?" I asked.

"No; he is not a man that it is easy to draw out, though he can be communicative enough when the fancy seizes him."

though - ero..; no obstante, de todas formas, de todas maneras

communicative - comunicativo

fancy - te apetece; capricho, antojo

seizes - se apodera; agarrar, apoderarse de, apresar, aferrar, tomar

"I should like to meet him," I said. "If I am to lodge with anyone, I should prefer a man of studious and quiet habits. I am not strong enough yet to stand much noise or excitement. I had enough of both in Afghanistan to last me for the remainder of my natural existence. How could I meet this friend of yours?"

Lodge - cabana, barraca, caseta, logia, madriguera, panish: t-needed

habits - hábitos; hábito, costumbre

noise - ruido, estrépito

excitement - emoción; entusiasmo

Afghanistan - Afganistán

remainder - restos; resto, remanente, sobras, restante

"He is sure to be at the laboratory," returned my companion. "He either avoids the place for weeks, or else he works there from morning to night. If you like, we shall drive round together after luncheon."

avoids - evitar, esquivar

shall - sí; panish: ''shall followed by the infinitive is translated using the future tense''

drive round - Dar una vuelta en coche

luncheon - almuerzo

"Certainly," I answered, and the conversation drifted away into other channels.

Certainly - seguro; ciertamente, sin duda, a todas luces, por supuesto

drifted - deriva, derrape, ir a la deriva, vagar, derivar, errar

channels - canales; canal

As we made our way to the hospital after leaving the Holborn, Stamford gave me a few more particulars about the gentleman whom I proposed to take as a fellow-lodger.

particulars - etalles; particular

gentleman - caballero, senores

proposed - propuesta; proponer, pedir la mano, pedir matrimonio

lodger - inquilino; huésped

"You mustn't blame me if you don't get on with him," he said; "I know nothing more of him than I have learned from meeting him occasionally in the laboratory. You proposed this arrangement, so you must not hold me responsible."

mustn - No debe

blame - culpar, responsabilizar, echar la culpa

Occasionally - ocasionalmente, de vez en cuando, a veces

arrangement - arreglo, disposición, preparativos, planes, arreglo, acuerdo

hold - sostener; tener en las manos, agarrar, asir

responsible - responsable, de responsabilidad, responsable

"If we don't get on it will be easy to part company," I answered. "It seems to me, Stamford," I added, looking hard at my companion, "that you have some reason for washing your hands of the matter. Is this fellow's temper so formidable, or what is it? Don't be mealy-mouthed about it."

Seems - te parece; parecer

matter - importa; materia, asunto, cuestión, tema

temper - temperamento, temple, templar, temperar

mealy - harinoso

"It is not easy to express the inexpressible," he answered with a laugh. "Holmes is a little too scientific for my tastes-it approaches to cold-bloodedness. I could imagine his giving a friend a little pinch of the latest vegetable alkaloid, not out of malevolence, you understand, but simply out of a spirit of inquiry in order to have an accurate idea of the effects. To do him justice, I think that he would take it himself with the same readiness. He appears to have a passion for definite and exact knowledge.

inexpressible - inexpresable

scientific - científica; científico

tastes - sabores; gusto, gusto, gustos, muestra, gustar, probar, catar

approaches - enfoques; acercarse, aproximarse

bloodedness - sangre

pinch - pellizcar, repizcar, afanar, chorizar, pellizco

alkaloid - alcaloide

malevolence - maldad; malevolencia

Simply - simplemente, sencillamente

spirit - espíritu, alma, onda, alcohol, bebida espirituosa

inquiry - investigación; inquisición, indagatoria, pesquisa

accurate - preciso, exacto, justo, correcto

effects - efecto, efectos, efectos especiales, vigencia, vigor

justice - justicia, justedad, justeza, justicia

readiness - preparados; preparación

Appears - aparecer, comparecer

passion - pasión

definite - definitiva; definido, indudable

exact - exacto, exigir

"Very right too."

"Yes, but it may be pushed to excess. When it comes to beating the subjects in the dissecting-rooms with a stick, it is certainly taking rather a bizarre shape."

pushed - empujado; empujar

excess - exceso, deducible, franquicia, excesivo

beating - golpeando; paliza, latido; (beat) golpeando; paliza, latido

dissecting - Diseccionando; (dissect); disecar, diseccionar

stick - palo; clavar

bizarre - raro, extrano, estrafalario, bizarro

shape - forma, estado, modelar, formar

"Beating the subjects!"

"Yes, to verify how far bruises may be produced after death. I saw him at it with my own eyes."

verify - verificar, constatar

bruises - moretones; magullar, contusionar, mazar, machacar, macarse

produced - producido; producir, realizar, producto, producción, cosecha

Death - muerte, la muerte, el arcano de la muerte

"And yet you say he is not a medical student?"

"No. Heaven knows what the objects of his studies are. But here we are, and you must form your own impressions about him." As he spoke, we turned down a narrow lane and passed through a small side-door, which opened into a wing of the great hospital. It was familiar ground to me, and I needed no guiding as we ascended the bleak stone staircase and made our way down the long corridor with its vista of whitewashed wall and dun-coloured doors.

Heaven - el cielo; cielo, firmamento, paraíso

impressions - impresiones; impresión

turned down - Rechazado

narrow - estrecho

lane - camino, carril

passed through - pasar por, atravesar

side-door - (side-door) puerta lateral

Wing - ala, sección, parte, flanco, alero

familiar - te suena; familiar, espíritu familiar

ground - uelo; (grind) uelo

guiding - Guiando; (guid) Guiando

ascended - ascendió; subir, ascender

bleak - lúgubre; inhóspito, desolado

stone - piedra, roca, gema, piedra preciosa, hueso, cálculo, lapidar

staircase - escalera

corridor - pasillo, corredor

vista - vista

whitewashed - panish: t-needed

Near the further end a low arched passage branched away from it and led to the chemical laboratory.

further - más allá; fomentar, asistir, exhortar, desarrollar

low - bajo

arched - arqueado; bóveda

passage - pasaje; pasillo, pasadizo

branched - ramificado; rama, sucursal, delegación, filial, ramo, ramificar

led - llevado; led; (lead) llevado; led

This was a lofty chamber, lined and littered with countless bottles. Broad, low tables were scattered about, which bristled with retorts, test-tubes, and little Bunsen lamps, with their blue flickering flames. There was only one student in the room, who was bending over a distant table absorbed in his work. At the sound of our steps he glanced round and sprang to his feet with a cry of pleasure.

lofty - altivo; majestuoso

chamber - cámara, recámara, compartimento

littered - limpiado; litera, artolas, camada, cama, lecho, detritus

countless - incontables; incontable, innumerable

broad - amplio; ancho

scattered - dispersión; dispersar, esparcir, desviar

bristled - erizado; cerda, erizar, ponerse a la defensiva

retorts - replicas; replicar

test-tubes - (test-tubes) tubos de ensayo

flickering - parpadeo; vacilar

flames - llamas; flama, llama

distant - distante, a distancia, hurano, remoto

absorbed in - absorbido en

steps - pasos; paso

glanced - mirada; ojear, echar un vistazo, mirar, pispear, vistazo

round - ronda; redondo

cry of pleasure - Grito de placer

"I've found it! I've found it," he shouted to my companion, running towards us with a test-tube in his hand. "I have found a re-agent which is precipitated by hoemoglobin, 4 and by nothing else." Had he discovered a gold mine, greater delight could not have shone upon his features.

shouted - gritó; grito

towards - hacia, sobre, para

test-tube - (test-tube) tubo de ensayo

agent - agente

precipitated - precipitado

hoemoglobin - hemoglobina

discovered - descubierto; descubrir, destapar

gold - oro

delight - disfrutar; deleite, regocijo, delicia, placer

shone - brilló; brillar

features - aracterísticas; característica, atracción, atractivo, reportaje

"Dr. Watson, Mr. Sherlock Holmes," said Stamford, introducing us.

"How are you?" he said cordially, gripping my hand with a strength for which I should hardly have given him credit. "You have been in Afghanistan, I perceive."

cordially - cordialmente

gripping - agarrando; empunar, agarrar, aferrar, asir

strength - fuerza, neque, potencia, intensidad, fuerte, fortaleza

credit - acreditar, reconocer, crédito, crédito académico

perceive - percibir, entender

"How on earth did you know that?" I asked in astonishment.

earth - tierra, suelo, terreno, madriguera, aterrar

astonishment - asombro, estupefacción, sorpresa, extraneza

"Never mind," said he, chuckling to himself. "The question now is about hoemoglobin. No doubt you see the significance of this discovery of mine?"

chuckling - Risas; (chuckle) Risas

doubt - dudas; dudar, duda, incertidumbre

significance - significado, significación, calado

discovery - descubrimiento, hallazgo

"It is interesting, chemically, no doubt," I answered, "but practically--"

chemically - Químicamente

practically - prácticamente

"Why, man, it is the most practical medico-legal discovery for years. Don't you see that it gives us an infallible test for blood stains. Come over here now!" He seized me by the coat-sleeve in his eagerness, and drew me over to the table at which he had been working. "Let us have some fresh blood," he said, digging a long bodkin into his finger, and drawing off the resulting drop of blood in a chemical pipette. "Now, I add this small quantity of blood to a litre of water. You perceive that the resulting mixture has the appearance of pure water. The proportion of blood cannot be more than one in a million. I have no doubt, however, that we shall be able to obtain the characteristic reaction.

most practical - el más práctico

medico - médico

legal - jurídico, legal

infallible - infalible

blood - ensangrentar

stains - manchas; mancha, lamparón, tacha, mancilla, colorante

seized - incautado; agarrar, apoderarse de, apresar, aferrar, tomar

sleeve - manga, funda, enfundar

eagerness - avidez, ansia

fresh - fresco

digging - Cavando; (dig) Cavando

bodkin - un pasacintas

finger - dedo; apuntar, senalar, hurgar, dedear

drawing off - Extraer, arrancar

drop - dejar caer; gota

pipette - pipeta

quantity - cantidad, cuantía

litre - litro

mixture - mezcla

appearance - aparición, apariencia, hechura, estampa, aire

pure - pura; puro

proportion - proporción

obtain - obtener, coger

characteristic - característico, característica

reaction - reacción

As he spoke, he threw into the vessel a few white crystals, and then added some drops of a transparent fluid. In an instant the contents assumed a dull mahogany colour, and a brownish dust was precipitated to the bottom of the glass jar.

vessel - vasija; embarcación, barco, casco, recipiente, receptáculo

crystals - cristales; cristal

drops - gotas; gota

transparent - transparente

fluid - líquido; fluido

instant - instantáneo, inmediato

Contents - ontenido; satisfecho

assumed - asumido; suponer, dar por sentado, asumir

dull - sordo; romo, desafilado, embotado, aburrido, soso

mahogany - caoba

brownish - marrón; pardusco

dust - polvo, desempolvar, limpiar el polvo, espolvorear

bottom - fondo, culo, pasivo

jar - jarra; tarro, bote

"Ha! ha!" he cried, clapping his hands, and looking as delighted as a child with a new toy. "What do you think of that?"

ha - Ja

toy - juguete, jugar (con), darle vueltas a una idea

"It seems to be a very delicate test," I remarked.

delicate - delicado, delicado (1, 2)

"Beautiful! beautiful! The old Guiacum test was very clumsy and uncertain. So is the microscopic examination for blood corpuscles. The latter is valueless if the stains are a few hours old. Now, this appears to act as well whether the blood is old or new. Had this test been invented, there are hundreds of men now walking the earth who would long ago have paid the penalty of their crimes."

clumsy - patoso, torpe, desmanado, bruto

uncertain - incierto

microscopic - microscópico

examination - examen, examinación

corpuscles - corpúsculos; corpúsculo

valueless - sin valor

act - acto, ley, acción, hecho, actuar

invented - inventado; inventar

penalty - penalización; pena, castigo

crimes - delitos; delito, crimen, delincuencia, criminalidad

"Indeed!" I murmured.

murmured - murmuró; soplo, murmurar

"criminal cases are continually hinging upon that one point. A man is suspected of a crime months perhaps after it has been committed. His linen or clothes are examined, and brownish stains discovered upon them. Are they blood stains, or mud stains, or rust stains, or fruit stains, or what are they?

criminal cases - Casos criminales

continually - continuadamente, continuamente

hinging - Qué

suspected - sospechas; barruntar, sospechar, sospechoso

crime - delito, crimen, delincuencia, criminalidad

committed - comprometido; encomendar, cometer

linen - lino, linge, ropa blanca, linocros

examined - examinado; examinar, analizar, auscultar

mud - barro, lodo

rust - oxido; óxido

That is a question which has puzzled many an expert, and why? Because there was no reliable test. Now we have the Sherlock Holmes'test, and there will no longer be any difficulty."

puzzled - rompecabezas, enigma, puzle, acertijo, intrigar, dejar perplejo

expert - experto, pericial, perito, experto, conocedor

reliable - seguro; fiable, confiable

difficulty - dificultad

His eyes fairly glittered as he spoke, and he put his hand over his heart and bowed as if to some applauding crowd conjured up by his imagination.

fairly - justamente; francamente, abiertamente, bastante

glittered - brillaba; brillo, purpurina, escarcha, brillar, resplandecer

heart - corazón

bowed - inclinado; inclinar(se), hacer una reverencia

applauding - aplaudiendo; aplaudir

crowd - gente; multitud, muchedumbre

conjured up - conjurado

imagination - imaginación, magín

"You are to be congratulated," I remarked, considerably surprised at his enthusiasm.

congratulated - felicitado; felicitar

surprised - sorprendido; sorpresa, sorprender

"There was the case of Von Bischoff at Frankfort last year. He would certainly have been hung had this test been in existence. Then there was Mason of Bradford, and the notorious Muller, and Lefevre of Montpellier, and Samson of New Orleans. I could name a score of cases in which it would have been decisive."

hung - colgado; colgar

Mason - albanil

notorious - no es notorio; de mala fama, notorio, afamado

Orleans - Orleans

score - puntuación; tantos

cases - asos; caso

decisive - decisivo, decidido

"You seem to be a walking calendar of crime," said Stamford with a laugh. "You might start a paper on those lines. Call it the 'Police News of the Past.'"

Seem - parecer

calendar - calendario, agenda, calendarizar

those - esos, esas, aquéllos, aquellas

"Very interesting reading it might be made, too," remarked Sherlock Holmes, sticking a small piece of plaster over the prick on his finger. "I have to be careful," he continued, turning to me with a smile, "for I dabble with poisons a good deal." He held out his hand as he spoke, and I noticed that it was all mottled over with similar pieces of plaster, and discoloured with strong acids.

sticking - Pegándose; (stick) Pegándose

small piece - pieza pequena

plaster - esparadrapo; ungüento, yeso, escayola, enlucido, revoque

prick - idiota; pinchar, perforar

careful - cauto, cuidadoso, tener cuidado

continued - continuamos; continuar, seguir

smile - sonrisa, sonreír

dabble - disfrutar; chapotear, aventurarse en, chapoteo, escarceo

poisons - venenos; veneno, ponzona, envenenar, emponzonar

deal - trato, acuerdo, pacto

held - sostenida; tener en las manos, agarrar, asir

noticed - te has dado cuenta; comunicación, notificación, darse cuenta

mottled - Mota

discoloured - decolorado; decolorar, descolorar

acids - ácidos; agrio, ácido, malhumorado, ácido

"We came here on business," said Stamford, sitting down on a high three-legged stool, and pushing another one in my direction with his foot. "My friend here wants to take diggings, and as you were complaining that you could get no one to go halves with you, I thought that I had better bring you together."

on business - n los negocios

sitting down - sentarse

stool - heces; taburete

pushing - empujando; empujar

direction - dirección

diggings - Cavando

complaining - quejándose; (complain); quejarse, alegar, reclamar, protestar

Sherlock Holmes seemed delighted at the idea of sharing his rooms with me. "I have my eye on a suite in Baker Street," he said, "which would suit us down to the ground. You don't mind the smell of strong tobacco, I hope?"

seemed - parecía; parecer

suite - secuta

Baker - panadero, panadera

smell - olor, olfato, oler, husmear, oler a

tobacco - tabaco

"I always smoke 'ship's'myself," I answered.

smoke - fumar; humo

ship - barco, buque, navío, embarcación

"That's good enough. I generally have chemicals about, and occasionally do experiments. Would that annoy you?"

generally - en general; generalmente, por lo general

chemicals - sustancias químicas; químico, producto químico

experiments - experimentos; experimento, experimentar

annoy - molestar, agobiar, jorobar

"By no means."

"Let me see-what are my other shortcomings. I get in the dumps at times, and don't open my mouth for days on end. You must not think I am sulky when I do that. Just let me alone, and I'll soon be right. What have you to confess now? It's just as well for two fellows to know the worst of one another before they begin to live together."

shortcomings - deficiencias; defecto

dumps - vertederos; dejar

sulky - enfurrunado; mohíno

confess - confesar, panish: t-needed

fellows - companeros; tipo

live together - vivir juntos

I laughed at this cross-examination. "I keep a bull pup," I said, "and I object to rows because my nerves are shaken, and I get up at all sorts of ungodly hours, and I am extremely lazy. I have another set of vices when I'm well, but those are the principal ones at present."

laughed at - reírse de alguien

Cross - cruz, aspa, sotuer, santiguamiento, senal de la cruz, cruce

Bull - toro

object to - oponerse a

rows - filas; hilera, fila

nerves - nervio, coraje, descaro, frescura, nervios

shaken - sacudido; agitar, sacudir, checksacudir, sacudida, batido

sorts - clases; clase, tipo, género

ungodly - impío

extremely - extremadamente, sumamente, harto

lazy - perezoso, flojo, locho, haragán

vices - icios; torno de banco

principal - principal, capital, director, directora, principal de escuela

"Do you include violin-playing in your category of rows?" he asked, anxiously.

violin - violín

category - categoría

anxiously - ansioso; con inquietud, con ansiedad, ansiosamente

"It depends on the player," I answered. "A well-played violin is a treat for the gods-a badly-played one--"

depends - depender, confiar, atender

treat - tratar, negociar, rogar, invitar, convidar, sorpresa

gods - dioses; endiosar, idolatrar, deificar

badly - malamente

"Oh, That's all right," he cried, with a merry laugh. "I think we may consider the thing as settled-that is, if the rooms are agreeable to you."

That's all right - Está bien

merry - contento; alegre

Consider - considerar, barajar, sopesar, observar

settled - resuelto; instalar, colocar

agreeable - lisonjero, agradable, dispuesto, conforme

"When shall we see them?"

"Call for me here at noon to-morrow, and we'll go together and settle everything," he answered.

at noon - a mediodía

morrow - manana; manana

go together - Ir juntos

settle - nos conformamos; instalar, colocar

"All right-noon exactly," said I, shaking his hand.

noon - mediodía

exactly - exactamente, exacto

shaking - Temblando; (shake); agitar, sacudir, checksacudir, sacudida

We left him working among his chemicals, and we walked together towards my hotel.

among - entre

"By the way," I asked suddenly, stopping and turning upon Stamford, "how the deuce did he know that I had come from Afghanistan?"

suddenly - de repente, repentinamente, de pronto, súbitamente

deuce - Dos

My companion smiled an enigmatical smile. "That's just his little peculiarity," he said. "A good many people have wanted to know how he finds things out."

smiled - sonrió; sonrisa, sonreír

enigmatical - enigmático

peculiarity - particularidad; peculiaridad

"Oh! a mystery is it?" I cried, rubbing my hands. "This is very piquant. I am much obliged to you for bringing us together. 'The proper study of mankind is man,'you know."

mystery - misterio, arcano

rubbing - Frotar; (rub); frotación, frotamiento, frote, frotar

piquant - picante

obliged - obligado; obligar

proper - bien; adecuado, conveniente, preciso, propio

mankind - la humanidad; humanidad, género humano, raza humana

"You must study him, then," Stamford said, as he bade me good-bye. "You'll find him a knotty problem, though. I'll wager he learns more about you than you about him. Good-bye."

Good-bye - (Good-bye) Adiós

knotty - nudoso

wager - apostar; apuesta

"Good-bye," I answered, and strolled on to my hotel, considerably interested in my new acquaintance.

strolled - paseando; paseo, caminata, garbeo, vuelta, pasearse

acquaintance - conocido; amistad, conocimiento, junta, relación


deduction - deducción

WE met next day as he had arranged, and inspected the rooms at No. 221B, 5 Baker Street, of which he had spoken at our meeting. They consisted of a couple of comfortable bed-rooms and a single large airy sitting-room, cheerfully furnished, and illuminated by two broad windows. So desirable in every way were the apartments, and so moderate did the terms seem when divided between us, that the bargain was concluded upon the spot, and we at once entered into possession.

arranged - arreglado; disponer, poner en orden, arreglar

inspected - inspeccionado; inspeccionar, pasar revista

consisted - consistió; componerse (de), constar (de)

couple - pareja, par, un par de, unos, par de fuerzas, acoplar

single - solo, único, soltero, sencillo, soltero, soltera

airy - aireado; airoso

sitting-room - (sitting-room) sala de estar

cheerfully - con alegría

furnished - amueblado; amoblar, amueblar, suministrar, proporcionar, dotar

illuminated - iluminado; iluminar

desirable - deseable, conveniente

moderate - moderado, comedido, mediocre, moderar

terms - condiciones; período, etapa

divided - dividido; desunir, dividir, repartir, división, divisoria

bargain - trato, ganga, bicoca, chollo, regatear

spot - unto; mancha, grano, poquito, poquita, zona, paraje, lámpara

entered into - entrar, involucrarse

possession - posesión, posesión natural, tenencia, posesión civil, posesiones

That very evening I moved my things round from the hotel, and on the following morning Sherlock Holmes followed me with several boxes and portmanteaus. For a day or two we were busily employed in unpacking and laying out our property to the best advantage. That done, we gradually began to settle down and to accommodate ourselves to our new surroundings.

several - varios, varias

busily - Ocupado

employed - empleado; contratar, emplear

unpacking - desembalando; desempacar, suitcase

laying out - disenar; exponer; distribuir; derribar a alguien;

property - propiedad, posesión, inmueble, bien

advantage - ventaja, beneficio, provecho

gradually - gradualmente, poco a poco, paulatinamente

settle down - echar raíces, asentarse

accommodate - acomodarse; acomodar, acoger, albergar, satisfacer, adaptar

surroundings - alrededores; periferia, rededor, derredor, circundante

Holmes was certainly not a difficult man to live with. He was quiet in his ways, and his habits were regular. It was rare for him to be up after ten at night, and he had invariably breakfasted and gone out before I rose in the morning. Sometimes he spent his day at the chemical laboratory, sometimes in the dissecting-rooms, and occasionally in long walks, which appeared to take him into the lowest portions of the City. Nothing could exceed his energy when the working fit was upon him; but now and again a reaction would seize him, and for days on end he would lie upon the sofa in the sitting-room, hardly uttering a word or moving a muscle from morning to night.

regular - regular, parroquiano

rare - raro, poco común

invariably - invariablemente

gone out - marcharse, salir, apagarse

rose - Rosa; (rise); Rosa

lowest - más bajo; bajo

portions - porciones; porción

exceed - sobrepasar, pasarse, exceder

energy - energía

fit - sano, en forma

seize - incautar; agarrar, apoderarse de, apresar, aferrar, tomar

lie - mentira

sofa - sofá, sillón

uttering - proferir; (utter) proferir

muscle - músculo

On these occasions I have noticed such a dreamy, vacant expression in his eyes, that I might have suspected him of being addicted to the use of some narcotic, had not the temperance and cleanliness of his whole life forbidden such a notion.

occasions - ocasiones; ocasión, ocasionar

dreamy - Ensonador

vacant - vacío; vacante

addicted - adicto, viciado, causar adicción en, volver adicto, viciar

narcotic - narcótico, estupefaciente

temperance - templanza, temperancia

cleanliness - limpieza

forbidden - prohibido; prohibir, vedar, vetar, negar

notion - noción, ganas, intención

As the weeks went by, my interest in him and my curiosity as to his aims in life, gradually deepened and increased. His very person and appearance were such as to strike the attention of the most casual observer. In height he was rather over six feet, and so excessively lean that he seemed to be considerably taller. His eyes were sharp and piercing, save during those intervals of torpor to which I have alluded; and his thin, hawk-like nose gave his whole expression an air of alertness and decision.

curiosity - curiosidad

aims in life - objetivos en la vida

deepened - rofundizado; ahondar, checkprofundizar

increased - aumentado; aumentar, acrecentar, incrementar, subir

strike - tachar, borrar, golpear, pegar, acunar, hacer la huelga

attention - atención

most casual - el más casual/informal

observer - observador

height - altura, estatura, cumbre, cima

excessively - excesivamente, demasiado, en demasía

lean - esbelta; inclinarse

sharp - agudo, afilado, filoso, listo, sostenido, agrio, certero

piercing - pirsin, perforación, punzante; (pierce); pirsin, perforación

save - salvar, rescatar, redimir, parar, ahorrar, guardar, reservar

intervals - intervalos; intervalo

torpor - aturdimiento; torpor

alluded - aludido; aludir, referirse

hawk - gavilán; halcón

alertness - alerta; vigilancia

decision - decisión

His chin, too, had the prominence and squareness which mark the man of determination. His hands were invariably blotted with ink and stained with chemicals, yet he was possessed of extraordinary delicacy of touch, as I frequently had occasion to observe when I watched him manipulating his fragile philosophical instruments.

chin - barbilla, mentón

prominence - protagonismo; prominencia, protuberancia

squareness - Escuadra

mark - Marcos, Evangelio según San Marcos

determination - determinación, decisión, resolución, ahínco

blotted - borrado; mancha, desdoro, emborronar, manchar

ink - tinta, entintar, firmar, tatuar

stained - manchado; mancha, lamparón, tacha, mancilla, colorante

possessed - poseído; poseer

extraordinary - extraordinario, descomunal

delicacy - una delicia; fineza, delicadeza, fragilidad, exquisitez

touch - tocar, conmover, toque, toque, tacto, pizca

frequently - con frecuencia; frecuentemente

Occasion - ocasión, ocasionar

observe - observar, seguir, tomar en cuenta

manipulating - manipulando; manipular

fragile - frágil

philosophical - filosófica; filosófico

instruments - instrumentos; instrumento, herramienta

The reader may set me down as a hopeless busybody, when I confess how much this man stimulated my curiosity, and how often I endeavoured to break through the reticence which he showed on all that concerned himself. Before pronouncing judgment, however, be it remembered, how objectless was my life, and how little there was to engage my attention.

hopeless - sin esperanza; desesperado

busybody - entrometido; metiche, metijón, metomentodo, intruso

stimulated - estimulado; estimular

endeavoured - se esforzó; esforzarse

break through - abrir(se) paso

reticence - reticencia

concerned - preocupado; preocupación, referirse a, ataner, concernir, tocar

pronouncing - pronunciando; pronunciar

judgment - juicio

objectless - Sin objeto

engage - participar; atraer, trabar conversación con, trabar batalla

My health forbade me from venturing out unless the weather was exceptionally genial, and I had no friends who would call upon me and break the monotony of my daily existence. Under these circumstances, I eagerly hailed the little mystery which hung around my companion, and spent much of my time in endeavouring to unravel it.

forbade - prohibido; prohibir, vedar, vetar, negar

venturing out - Aventurarse, salir, marcharse

Unless - menos que..; a menos que, a no ser que, salvo

exceptionally - excepcionalmente

genial - genial, amable, formidable, bueno, simpático

monotony - monotonía

daily - diariamente; diario

eagerly - con ganas; ansiosamente

hung around - pasar el tiempo con

endeavouring - se esfuerza; esforzarse

unravel - desentranar; desenmaranar, desenredar, deshilar

He was not studying medicine. He had himself, in reply to a question, confirmed Stamford's opinion upon that point. Neither did he appear to have pursued any course of reading which might fit him for a degree in science or any other recognized portal which would give him an entrance into the learned world. Yet his zeal for certain studies was remarkable, and within eccentric limits his knowledge was so extraordinarily ample and minute that his observations have fairly astounded me.

Medicine - medicina

reply - responder, repetir, respuesta

confirmed - confirmado; confirmar

appear - aparecer, comparecer

pursued - perseguido; perseguir, apuntar a

portal - portal, portada, vena porta

entrance - entrada

zeal - ahínco, fervor, celo, entusiasmo

Certain - seguro; cierto, cierto, cierta

remarkable - notable, remarcable, destacable

within - dentro de, adentro

limits - límites; límite

extraordinarily - extraordinariamente

ample - amplio, extenso, abundante, generoso

observations - observaciones; observación, vigilancia; observancia, anotación

astounded - asombrado; asombrar, pasmar

Surely no man would work so hard or attain such precise information unless he had some definite end in view. Desultory readers are seldom remarkable for the exactness of their learning. No man burdens his mind with small matters unless he has some very good reason for doing so.

surely - seguro; seguramente, checksin duda

attain - lograr, conseguir

precise - preciso, concreto, precisar, especificar, concretar

view - vista, reproducción, visualización, visitas, visión, mirada, ver

seldom - raramente, rara vez

burdens - argas; carga

matters - importa; materia, asunto, cuestión, tema

His ignorance was as remarkable as his knowledge. Of contemporary literature, philosophy and politics he appeared to know next to nothing. Upon my quoting Thomas Carlyle, he inquired in the naivest way who he might be and what he had done. my surprise reached a climax, however, when I found incidentally that he was ignorant of the Copernican Theory and of the composition of the Solar System.

ignorance - ignorancia

contemporary literature - literatura contemporánea

Philosophy - filosofía

politics - política

quoting - citando; cita, comillas, presupuesto, cotización, citar, cotizar

inquired - preguntó; investigar, informarse

naivest - más ingenuo; cándido, ingenuo, naíf, naif

my surprise - Mi sorpresa

climax - clímax, colofón, orgasmo

incidentally - incidentalmente, casualmente, por cierto, a propósito

ignorant - ignorante, ignaro, inculto

Copernican - Copernicano

theory - teoría

composition - composición, panish: t-needed

system - sistema

That any civilized human being in this nineteenth century should not be aware that the earth travelled round the sun appeared to be to me such an extraordinary fact that I could hardly realize it.

civilized - civilizado; civilizar

human - humano

nineteenth - decimonoveno, diecinueveavo

aware - alerta, consciente, conocedor, sabedor, entendido

realize - te das cuenta; realizar, darse cuenta, caer en la cuenta

"You appear to be astonished," he said, smiling at my expression of surprise. "Now that I do know it I shall do my best to forget it."

be astonished - estar asombrado

smiling - sonriendo; sonriente; (smile); sonrisa, sonreír

surprise - sorpresa, sorprender

"To forget it!"

"You see," he explained, "I consider that a man's brain originally is like a little empty attic, and you have to stock it with such furniture as you choose. A fool takes in all the lumber of every sort that he comes across, so that the knowledge which might be useful to him gets crowded out, or at best is jumbled up with a lot of other things so that he has a difficulty in laying his hands upon it. Now the skilful workman is very careful indeed as to what he takes into his brain-attic.

brain - cerebro, seso, sesudez

originally - originalmente, originariamente

empty - vacío, vaciar

attic - tico; buhardilla, desván, zaquizamí, sobrado

stock - cciones; existencias, stock

furniture - muebles; mobiliario

fool - idiota; bobo, imbécil, necio, pendejo, bufón, loco

takes in - pillar, comprender; aceptar; acoger, hospedar

lumber - madera aserrada

sort - cómo; clase, tipo, género

comes across - encontrarse con; parecer; cruzarse con alguien

jumbled - evuelto; desordenar

laying - colocación; (lay) colocación

skilful - Hábil

He will have nothing but the tools which may help him in doing his work, but of these he has a large assortment, and all in the most perfect order. It is a mistake to think that that little room has elastic walls and can distend to any extent. Depend upon it there comes a time when for every addition of knowledge you forget something that you knew before. It is of the highest importance, therefore, not to have useless facts elbowing out the useful ones."

tools - herramientas; herramienta, utensilio, instrumento

assortment - surtido, variedad, colección

most perfect - el más perfecto

little room - habitación pequena

elastic - elástico, elástico

extent - en qué medida; extensión

Depend - depender, confiar, atender

Addition - agregación; adición, anadidura, suma

importance - importancia

useless - inútil, negado

elbowing - dar codazos; codo, codazo, panish: t-needed

"But the Solar System!" I protested.

protested - protestó; protestar, proclamar, oponerse, objetar, protesta

"What the deuce is it to me?" he interrupted impatiently; "you say that we go round the sun. If we went round the moon it would not make a pennyworth of difference to me or to my work."

What the deuce - ?Qué diablos?

interrupted - interrumpido; interrumpir, interrupción

impatiently - impacientemente

go round - dar vueltas

moon - Luna

I was on the point of asking him what that work might be, but something in his manner showed me that the question would be an unwelcome one. I pondered over our short conversation, however, and endeavoured to draw my deductions from it. He said that he would acquire no knowledge which did not bear upon his object. Therefore all the knowledge which he possessed was such as would be useful to him.

manner - de qué manera; manera, modo, forma, actitud

unwelcome - no es bienvenido; embarazoso, inoportuno, molesto

pondered - pensado; considerar, meditar, cavilar, discurrir, ponderar

deductions - deducciones; deducción

acquire - obtener, adquirir

bear - oso; aguantar, soportar

possessed - Posees

I enumerated in my own mind all the various points upon which he had shown me that he was exceptionally well-informed. I even took a pencil and jotted them down. I could not help smiling at the document when I had completed it. It ran in this way-

enumerated - enumerado; enumerar

various - varios, diversos, diferentes, distintos

informed - informado; informar

jotted them down - anotar algo

document - documento, pliego, anotar, registrar, documentar


1. Knowledge of Literature.-Nil.

literature - literatura, literatura

nil - nulo; nada, cero

2. Philosophy.-Nil.

3. Astronomy.-Nil.

astronomy - astronomía

4. Politics.-Feeble.

feeble - débil, endeble, feble, deficiente

5. Botany.-Variable. Well up in belladonna,

Botany - botánica

variable - variable, variable

opium, and poisons generally.

opium - opio, anfión

Knows nothing of practical gardening.

practical - práctico

6. Geology.-Practical, but limited.

geology - geología

limited - limitado; (limit); limitado

Tells at a glance different soils

glance - mirada; ojear, echar un vistazo, mirar, pispear, vistazo

soils - suelos; tierra, suelo

from each other. After walks has

shown me splashes upon his trousers,

splashes - salpicaduras; salpicadura, chapotear, salpicar

and told me by their colour and

consistence in what part of London

he had received them.

received - recibido; recibir

7. Chemistry.-Profound.

chemistry - química

profound - profundo

8. Anatomy.-Accurate, but unsystematic.

unsystematic - No es sistemático

9. Sensational Literature.-Immense. He appears

immense - inmenso

to know every detail of every horror

horror - horror

perpetrated in the century.

perpetrated - erpetrado; perpetrar

10. Plays the violin well.

11. Is an expert singlestick player, boxer, and swordsman.

boxer - boxeador, boxeadora, bóxer

swordsman - esgrimista; espadachín

12. Has a good practical knowledge of British law.

law - ley

When I had got so far in my list I threw it into the fire in despair. "If I can only find what the fellow is driving at by reconciling all these accomplishments, and discovering a calling which needs them all," I said to myself, "I may as well give up the attempt at once."

despair - desesperar, desesperanzar, desesperación, desesperanza

reconciling - reconciliarse; reconciliar, avenir

accomplishments - logros; logro, éxito

discovering - descubriendo; descubrir, destapar

attempt - intentar, tentativa, intento, ensayo

I see that I have alluded above to his powers upon the violin. These were very remarkable, but as eccentric as all his other accomplishments. That he could play pieces, and difficult pieces, I knew well, because at my request he has played me some of Mendelssohn's Lieder, and other favourites. When left to himself, however, he would seldom produce any music or attempt any recognized air. Leaning back in his arm-chair of an evening, he would close his eyes and scrape carelessly at the fiddle which was thrown across his knee.

powers - poderes; poder, potencia, corriente, electricidad, potenciar

request - solicitud; pedir, solicitar, demandar, checkpedir

Lieder - Mentiste

produce - producir, realizar, producto, producción, cosecha

leaning - Inclinado; (lean) Inclinado

arm-chair - (arm-chair) sillón

scrape - raspar, aranarse, rasparse, abrasión, rasponazo, pelea, pinada

thrown - tirado; lanzar, tirar

Sometimes the chords were sonorous and melancholy. Occasionally they were fantastic and cheerful. Clearly they reflected the thoughts which possessed him, but whether the music aided those thoughts, or whether the playing was simply the result of a whim or fancy was more than I could determine. I might have rebelled against these exasperating solos had it not been that he usually terminated them by playing in quick succession a whole series of my favourite airs as a slight compensation for the trial upon my patience.

chords - acordes; acorde, cuerda

melancholy - melancolía

cheerful - alegre; animado

Clearly - está claro; claramente, por lo claro

reflected - reflejado; reflejar, recapacitar, reflexionar, cavilar

thoughts - pensamientos; pensamiento

aided - ayudado; ayuda, auxilio

whim - capricho

determine - determinar

rebelled - se rebeló; rebelde

exasperating - exasperante; exasperar

solos - solos; solo, solitario, tocar un solo, ir por su cuenta

terminated - terminado; terminar, acabar

in quick succession - en rápida sucesión, uno tras otro

series - eries; serie, serie de televisión

Slight - insignificante, leve, ligero, falta de respeto

compensation - compensación; contrapartida

trial - proceso, juicio

patience - paciencia, solitario

During the first week or so we had no callers, and I had begun to think that my companion was as friendless a man as I was myself. Presently, however, I found that he had many acquaintances, and those in the most different classes of society. There was one little sallow rat-faced, dark-eyed fellow who was introduced to me as Mr. Lestrade, and who came three or four times in a single week. One morning a young girl called, fashionably dressed, and stayed for half an hour or more. The same afternoon brought a grey-headed, seedy visitor, looking like a Jew pedlar, who appeared to me to be much excited, and who was closely followed by a slip-shod elderly woman. On another occasion an old white-haired gentleman had an interview with my companion; and on another a railway porter in his velveteen uniform.

callers - llamadas; llamador

friendless - sin amigos

acquaintances - conocidos; amistad, conocimiento, junta, relación

most different - el más diferente

Society - sociedad, comunidad

sallow - cetrino, amarillento

rat - rata

fashionably - A la moda

seedy - sórdido; semilloso, desacreditado, mala fama

Jew - judío, judía, judíos

pedlar - vendedor ambulante

closely - de cerca; cercanamente

slip - resbalón; resbalar

elderly - ancianos; anciano, entrado en anos

haired - Pelo

Railway - vía férrea, ferrocarril

porter - portero; mozo de equipajes

velveteen - terciopelo; pana, velludillo

uniform - uniforme, uniforme

When any of these nondescript individuals put in an appearance, Sherlock Holmes used to beg for the use of the sitting-room, and I would retire to my bed-room. He always apologized to me for putting me to this inconvenience. "I have to use this room as a place of business," he said, "and these people are my clients." Again I had an opportunity of asking him a point blank question, and again my delicacy prevented me from forcing another man to confide in me. I imagined at the time that he had some strong reason for not alluding to it, but he soon dispelled the idea by coming round to the subject of his own accord.

nondescript - anodino; indescriptivo

individuals - individuos; individuo, individual

beg for - rogar, suplicar

retire - retirarse, jubilarse

apologized - se disculpó; disculparse

inconvenience - inconveniente; inconveniencia, desconveniencia, incomodar

clients - clientes; cliente

opportunity - oportunidad

blank - en blanco, virgen, de fogueo, espacio en blanco, espacio

prevented - prevenido; impedir, prevenir

forcing - forzando; fuerza

confide - confiar

alluding - aludiendo; aludir, referirse

dispelled - disipado; disipar, dispersar

accord - acuerdo, convenio, acordar, conceder, conferir

It was upon the 4th of March, as I have good reason to remember, that I rose somewhat earlier than usual, and found that Sherlock Holmes had not yet finished his breakfast. The landlady had become so accustomed to my late habits that my place had not been laid nor my coffee prepared. With the unreasonable petulance of mankind I rang the bell and gave a curt intimation that I was ready.

somewhat - algo, un poco, de algún modo, de alguna manera

usual - lo de siempre; usual, habitual

landlady - propietaria; arredataria, casera, terrateniente

accustomed - acostumbrado; acostumbrarse, habituar

laid - tirado; poner, colocar

unreasonable - no es razonable; irrazonable

bell - campana

curt - cortés; corto

intimation - Insinuación

Then I picked up a magazine from the table and attempted to while away the time with it, while my companion munched silently at his toast. One of the articles had a pencil mark at the heading, and I naturally began to run my eye through it.

picked - elegido; pico, ganzúa, hurgar, recoger

attempted - intentado; intentar, tentativa, intento, ensayo

silently - en silencio; silenciosamente

toast - tostadas; tostar

Its somewhat ambitious title was "The Book of Life," and it attempted to show how much an observant man might learn by an accurate and systematic examination of all that came in his way. It struck me as being a remarkable mixture of shrewdness and of absurdity. The reasoning was close and intense, but the deductions appeared to me to be far-fetched and exaggerated. The writer claimed by a momentary expression, a twitch of a muscle or a glance of an eye, to fathom a man's inmost thoughts.

ambitious - ambicioso

shrewdness - Astucia

absurdity - absurdo, absurdidad

intense - intenso

fetched - conseguido; ir por, ir a buscar, traer

exaggerated - exagerado; exagerar

claimed - reclamado; reclamación, declaración, proposición, afirmación

momentary - momentánea; momentáneo

twitch - crispar(se), mover(se) convulsivamente

fathom - entender; braza

inmost - intimo

Deceit, according to him, was an impossibility in the case of one trained to observation and analysis. His conclusions were as infallible as so many propositions of Euclid. So startling would his results appear to the uninitiated that until they learned the processes by which he had arrived at them they might well consider him as a necromancer.

deceit - engano; bellaquería, fraude, engano, embeleco

according - de acuerdo; acuerdo, convenio, acordar, conceder, conferir

impossibility - imposibilidad

case - caso

observation - observación, vigilancia; observancia, anotación, registro

analysis - análisis

conclusions - conclusiones; conclusión

propositions - propuestas; propuesta, proposición

Euclid - Euclides

startling - sorprendente, alarmante; (startle); sobresaltarse, alarmarse

processes - procesos; proceso

necromancer - necromante, nigromante

"From a drop of water," said the writer, "a logician could infer the possibility of an Atlantic or a Niagara without having seen or heard of one or the other. So all life is a great chain, the nature of which is known whenever we are shown a single link of it. Like all other arts, the Science of Deduction and Analysis is one which can only be acquired by long and patient study nor is life long enough to allow any mortal to attain the highest possible perfection in it. Before turning to those moral and mental aspects of the matter which present the greatest difficulties, let the enquirer begin by mastering more elementary problems.

drop of water - Gota de agua

logician - logo; lógico, lógica

infer - inferir, argüir, checkinferir

possibility - posibilidad

Atlantic - atlántico

Niagara - Niágara

chain - cadena, encadenar

nature - naturaleza, natura

whenever - cuándo; cuando quiera, siempre que, siempre y cuando

link - enlace; eslabón

acquired - dquirido; obtener, adquirir

patient - paciente, paciente

allow - dejar, permitir, conceder

mortal - mortal

highest possible - el más alto posible

perfection - perfección

moral - moral, moraleja

Aspects - aspectos; aspecto

difficulties - dificultades; dificultad

enquirer - Investigador

elementary - elemental, primaria

Let him, on meeting a fellow-mortal, learn at a glance to distinguish the history of the man, and the trade or profession to which he belongs. Puerile as such an exercise may seem, it sharpens the faculties of observation, and teaches one where to look and what to look for. By a man's finger nails, by his coat-sleeve, by his boot, by his trouser knees, by the callosities of his forefinger and thumb, by his expression, by his shirt cuffs-by each of these things a man's calling is plainly revealed. That all united should fail to enlighten the competent enquirer in any case is almost inconceivable."

distinguish - distinguir

trade - comercio

profession - profesión, gremio, profesión de fe

belongs - pertenecer, ser propiedad (de)

puerile - pueril

sharpens - afilar

faculties - facultades; cuerpo docente, facultad

finger nails - unas de los dedos

trouser - Pantalón

callosities - Callosidad

forefinger - índice, dedo índice

thumb - pulgar

cuffs - esposas; puno

revealed - revelado; revelar, propalar

United - unidos; unir, aunar, juntar, combinar

fail - fracasar, fallar, suspender

enlighten - iluminar, alumbrar, ilustrar

competent - competente

almost - casi, por poco

inconceivable - inconcebible

"What ineffable twaddle!" I cried, slapping the magazine down on the table, "I never read such rubbish in my life."

ineffable - inefable

twaddle - tonterías; chorrada

slapping - abofetadas; bofetada, cachetada, abofetear, cachetear, golpear

"What is it?" asked Sherlock Holmes.

"Why, this article," I said, pointing at it with my egg spoon as I sat down to my breakfast. "I see that you have read it since you have marked it. I don't deny that it is smartly written. It irritates me though. It is evidently the theory of some arm-chair lounger who evolves all these neat little paradoxes in the seclusion of his own study.

spoon - cuchara

Since - desde cuándo; desde entonces, desde que, ya que, dado que

marked - marcado; Marcos, Evangelio según San Marcos

deny - Negar

smartly - Inteligentemente

irritates - irritar, enviscar

evidently - evidentemente

lounger - tumbona

evolves - progresar, evolucionar, desarrollar

neat - bien; pulcro, ordenado

Paradoxes - paradojas; paradoja, panish: t-needed

It is not practical. I should like to see him clapped down in a third class carriage on the Underground, and asked to give the trades of all his fellow-travellers. I would lay a thousand to one against him."

clapped - aplaudió; aplaudir

third - la tercera; tercero, tercio, tercera

carriage - coche, carruaje

underground - subterráneo, movimiento clandestino, organización clandestina

trades - comercios; comercio, gremio, compraventa, comerciar, mercadear

travellers - viajeros; viajero

lay - poner, colocar

"You would lose your money," Sherlock Holmes remarked calmly. "As for the article I wrote it myself."

calmly - con calma; tranquilamente


"Yes, I have a turn both for observation and for deduction. The theories which I have expressed there, and which appear to you to be so chimerical are really extremely practical-so practical that I depend upon them for my bread and cheese."

theories - teorías; teoría

expressed - expresado; expresar

chimerical - quimérico

"And how?" I asked involuntarily.

involuntarily - involuntariamente

"Well, I have a trade of my own. I suppose I am the only one in the world. I'm a consulting detective, if you can understand what that is. Here in London we have lots of Government detectives and lots of private ones. When these fellows are at fault they come to me, and I manage to put them on the right scent. They lay all the evidence before me, and I am generally able, by the help of my knowledge of the history of crime, to set them straight.

trade - comercio, gremio, compraventa, comerciar, mercadear, trocar

consulting - consultoría; consultar

Government - gobierno, rección

Detectives - detectives; detective, inspector, investigador privado

fault - defecto, falla, culpa, falta

manage - manejar, conseguir, lograr, apanárselas, arreglárselas

scent - olor, esencia, olfato, fragancia, oler

evidence - pruebas; prueba, prueba, evidencia, evidenciar

my knowledge - Mi conocimiento

straight - recto, liso, franco, directo, puro, convencional, hetero

There is a strong family resemblance about misdeeds, and if you have all the details of a thousand at your finger ends, it is odd if you can't unravel the thousand and first. Lestrade is a well-known detective. He got himself into a fog recently over a forgery case, and that was what brought him here."

resemblance - semejanza, similitud, similaridad, parecido

misdeeds - echorías; fechoría

odd - raro; guacho, desparejado, desemparejado, suelto, extrano

Detective - detective, inspector, investigador privado

Fog - niebla

recently - recientemente, hace poco, últimamente, recién

Forgery - forjadura, falsificación

"And these other people?"

"They are mostly sent on by private inquiry agencies. They are all people who are in trouble about something, and want a little enlightening. I listen to their story, they listen to my comments, and then I pocket my fee."

mostly - principalmente, sobre todo

sent on - enviado

agencies - agencias; albedrío, agencia, oficina

trouble - problemas; marrón, berenjenal, dificultad, problema, molestia

enlightening - esclarecedor; iluminar, alumbrar, ilustrar

comments - comentarios; comentario

Pocket - bolsillo, bolsa, tronera, embolsar

fee - tasa; honorario, tarifa, cuota

"But do you mean to say," I said, "that without leaving your room you can unravel some knot which other men can make nothing of, although they have seen every detail for themselves?"

knot - nudo

although - unque..; aunque, a pesar de

themselves - se, ellos mismos, ellas mismas

"quite so. I have a kind of intuition that way. Now and again a case turns up which is a little more complex. Then I have to bustle about and see things with my own eyes. You see I have a lot of special knowledge which I apply to the problem, and which facilitates matters wonderfully. Those rules of deduction laid down in that article which aroused your scorn, are invaluable to me in practical work.

quite so - Así es

intuition - intuición

turns up - aparece

complex - complicado, complejo, complexo, complejo

bustle - tiempo; polisón, abundar

apply - aplicar

facilitates - facilitar

wonderfully - maravillosamente, a las mil maravillas

laid down - ponerse, acostarse, tumbarse

aroused - excitado; provocar, incitar, concitar, excitar, despertar

scorn - despreciar, desdenar, menospreciar, rechazar, escarnecer

invaluable - inestimable; invalorable

practical work - trabajo práctico

Observation with me is second nature. You appeared to be surprised when I told you, on our first meeting, that you had come from Afghanistan."

"You were told, no doubt."

"Nothing of the sort. I knew you came from Afghanistan. From long habit the train of thoughts ran so swiftly through my mind, that I arrived at the conclusion without being conscious of intermediate steps. There were such steps, however. The train of reasoning ran, 'Here is a gentleman of a medical type, but with the air of a military man. Clearly an army doctor, then. He has just come from the tropics, for his face is dark, and that is not the natural tint of his skin, for his wrists are fair.

habit - hábito, costumbre

train of thoughts - hilo (de pensamiento)

Swiftly - rápido; rápidamente

conscious - consciente

intermediate - intermedio, intermediario

military - militar, ejército

army doctor - médico de ejército

tropics - rópicos; trópico

tint - tinte, matiz

skin - piel, máscara, despellejar, desollar

wrists - munecas; muneca

fair - justo; rubio, claro, blanco

He has undergone hardship and sickness, as his haggard face says clearly. His left arm has been injured. He holds it in a stiff and unnatural manner. Where in the tropics could an English army doctor have seen much hardship and got his arm wounded? Clearly in Afghanistan.'The whole train of thought did not occupy a second. I then remarked that you came from Afghanistan, and you were astonished."

hardship - dificultades; sufrimientos, apuro, penalidades

sickness - enfermedad, dolencia

haggard - macilento, ojeroso, demacrado

injured - lastimado; herir, lastimar

holds - tiene; tener en las manos, agarrar, asir

stiff - rígido, duro, tieso, inflexible

unnatural - no es natural; antinatural, contranatural, contra natura

occupy - ocupar

astonished - asombrado; asombrar, sorprender, pasmar

"It is simple enough as you explain it," I said, smiling. "You remind me of Edgar Allen Poe's Dupin. I had no idea that such individuals did exist outside of stories."

simple - simple, sencillo, simple

remind - recordar

Edgar - Edgardo, Édgar

exist - existen; existir

Sherlock Holmes rose and lit his pipe. "No doubt you think that you are complimenting me in comparing me to Dupin," he observed. "Now, in my opinion, Dupin was a very inferior fellow. That trick of his of breaking in on his friends'thoughts with an apropos remark after a quarter of an hour's silence is really very showy and superficial.

pipe - pipa; caramillo, flauta ), tubo de órgano, tubería, tubo

complimenting - cumplidos; cumplido, felicitar, cumplimentar

observed - observado; observar, seguir, tomar en cuenta

inferior - inferior

trick - truco, artimana, enganifa, treta

breaking in - forzar la puerta; interrumpir

apropos - pertinente, oportuno, a propósito

remark - observación, comentario

quarter of an hour's - un cuarto de hora

silence - silencio, silenciar, hacer callar

showy - vistoso; ostentoso, jactancioso, aparatoso, fardón

superficial - superficial

He had some analytical genius, no doubt; but he was by no means such a phenomenon as Poe appeared to imagine."

analytical - analítica; analítico

genius - genio, genia

phenomenon - fenómeno

"Have you read Gaboriau's works?" I asked. "Does Lecoq come up to your idea of a detective?"

Sherlock Holmes sniffed sardonically. "Lecoq was a miserable bungler," he said, in an angry voice; "he had only one thing to recommend him, and that was his energy. That book made me positively ill. The question was how to identify an unknown prisoner. I could have done it in twenty-four hours. Lecoq took six months or so. It might be made a text-book for detectives to teach them what to avoid."

sniffed - olfateado; olfatear, esnifar, husmear, checksorber

sardonically - sardónicamente

miserable - miserable

bungler - un chapucero; torpe

voice - voz

recommend - recomendar

positively - ositivamente; inequívocamente, terminantemente, de todas maneras

ill - enfermo, mareado, mal

identify - identificar, identificarse

an unknown - un desconocido

prisoner - prisionero, preso

avoid - evitar, esquivar

I felt rather indignant at having two characters whom I had admired treated in this cavalier style. I walked over to the window, and stood looking out into the busy street. "This fellow may be very clever," I said to myself, "but he is certainly very conceited."

indignant - indignada; indignado

characters - personajes; personaje, característica, carácter

admired - admirado; admirar

treated - tratado; tratar, negociar, rogar, invitar, convidar, sorpresa

cavalier - caballero

clever - inteligente; ágil, hábil, listo, talentoso, habiloso

conceited - envanecido; engreimiento, vanidad, presunción, ego

"There are no crimes and no criminals in these days," he said, querulously. "What is the use of having brains in our profession. I know well that I have it in me to make my name famous. No man lives or has ever lived who has brought the same amount of study and of natural talent to the detection of crime which I have done.

criminals - delincuentes; criminal

brains - cerebros; cerebro, seso, sesudez

amount - cantidad, monto, montante, importe

natural talent - talento natural

detection - detección

And what is the result? There is no crime to detect, or, at most, some bungling villainy with a motive so transparent that even a Scotland Yard official can see through it."

detect - detectar, sentir

bungling - una chapuza; (bungle) una chapuza

villainy - Villanía

motive - motivo, móbil

Scotland - Escocia

official - oficial, funcionario

see through - ver a través; calar a, apoyar a

I was still annoyed at his bumptious style of conversation. I thought it best to change the topic.

annoyed - molesto; molestar, agobiar, jorobar

bumptious - presumido

"I wonder what that fellow is looking for?" I asked, pointing to a stalwart, plainly-dressed individual who was walking slowly down the other side of the street, looking anxiously at the numbers. He had a large blue envelope in his hand, and was evidently the bearer of a message.

stalwart - ncondicional; robusto, corajudo, valiente

individual - individuo, individual

slowly - lentamente, despacio

side - lado

envelope - sobre

bearer - portador, portadora

"You mean the retired sergeant of Marines," said Sherlock Holmes.

retired - jubilado; retirarse, jubilarse

sergeant - sargento

marines - marines; marítimo, marino, infante de marina

"Brag and bounce!" thought I to myself. "He knows that I cannot verify his guess."

Brag - fanfarronear, presumir, jactarse, echarse flores

bounce - rebotar, rebote

The thought had hardly passed through my mind when the man whom we were watching caught sight of the number on our door, and ran rapidly across the roadway. We heard a loud knock, a deep voice below, and heavy steps ascending the stair.

passed - pasó; pasar(por), dejar atrás

caught - atrapado; pega, traba, truco, cuestión

rapidly - rápidamente

roadway - carretera, calzada

loud - en voz alta; alto

knock - golpe, golpear

heavy - pesado

ascending - ascendente; subir, ascender

stair - peldano, escalera

"For Mr. Sherlock Holmes," he said, stepping into the room and handing my friend the letter.

stepping - pisando; paso

Here was an opportunity of taking the conceit out of him. He little thought of this when he made that random shot. "May I ask, my lad," I said, in the blandest voice, "what your trade may be?"

conceit - engreimiento, vanidad, presunción, ego

random - rondón, fulano, aleatorio, pseudoaleatorio, cualquiera, al azar

shot - tiro, disparo; (shoot) tiro, disparo

lad - nino, chico, mozo, mozalbete

blandest - soso; de sabor imperceptible, insípido

"Commissionaire, sir," he said, gruffly. "Uniform away for repairs."

commissionaire - comisionista

gruffly - Groseramente

repairs - reparaciones; reparar, arreglar

"And you were?" I asked, with a slightly malicious glance at my companion.

slightly - un poco; levemente, ligeramente

malicious - malicioso; maligno

"A sergeant, sir, Royal Marine Light Infantry, sir. No answer? Right, sir."

Royal - real

marine - marítimo, marino, infante de marina

infantry - infantería, regimiento de infantería, tercio

He clicked his heels together, raised his hand in a salute, and was gone.

clicked - clickeado; clic

heels - tacones; talón

raised - levantado; levantar

salute - saludar; saludo, venia


I CONFESS that I was considerably startled by this fresh proof of the practical nature of my companion's theories. My respect for his powers of analysis increased wondrously.

startled - sorprendido; sobresaltarse, alarmarse, espantarse, evitar

Proof - pruebas; prueba

respect - respeto, respetar

wondrously - Maravillosamente

There still remained some lurking suspicion in my mind, however, that the whole thing was a pre-arranged episode, intended to dazzle me, though what earthly object he could have in taking me in was past my comprehension. When I looked at him he had finished reading the note, and his eyes had assumed the vacant, lack-lustre expression which showed mental abstraction.

remained - se quedó; resto, restos, quedarse, sobrar, restar, permanecer

lurking - al acecho; (lurk); acechar, agazaparse, ocultarse, esconderse

suspicion - sospecha, suspicacia

episode - episodio, incidente, capítulo

intended - pretendías; planeado; (intend); pretender, planear, intencionar

dazzle - deslumbrar, obnubilar, encandilar, empaparotar, apabullar

earthly - terrenal

comprehension - comprensión, entendimiento

lack - falta; carecer de

lustre - brillo

abstraction - abstracción

"How in the world did you deduce that?" I asked.

deduce - deducir

"Deduce what?" said he, petulantly.

petulantly - con petulancia

"Why, that he was a retired sergeant of Marines."

"I have no time for trifles," he answered, brusquely; then with a smile, "Excuse my rudeness. You broke the thread of my thoughts; but perhaps it is as well. So you actually were not able to see that that man was a sergeant of Marines?"

trifles - baratijas; sopa inglesa, pizca, nadería, nimiedad, zarandaja

brusquely - bruscamente

Excuse - disculpe; excusar, perdonar, panish: t-needed

rudeness - grosería, ordinariez

thread - hilo, hebra, hilaza, tema, argumento, hilazón, subproceso

actually - realmente

"No, indeed."

"It was easier to know it than to explain why I knew it. If you were asked to prove that two and two made four, you might find some difficulty, and yet you are quite sure of the fact. Even across the street I could see a great blue anchor tattooed on the back of the fellow's hand. That smacked of the sea. He had a military carriage, however, and regulation side whiskers. There we have the marine. He was a man with some amount of self-importance and a certain air of command.

Prove - probar

anchor - ancla

tattooed - tatuado; tatuar

smacked - golpeado; dar una palmada

regulation - reglamento, regulación

whiskers - bigotes; vibrisa, bigote

self - yo; uno mismo

Command - orden, mandato, mando, comando, dominio

You must have observed the way in which he held his head and swung his cane. A steady, respectable, middle-aged man, too, on the face of him-all facts which led me to believe that he had been a sergeant."

swung - se balanceó; balancear, mecer, columpiar, oscilar, columpio

cane - canón; cana, bastón, bastón blanco

steady - estable; firme, liso, fijo

respectable - respetable

Middle - medio, centro, cintura, central

"Wonderful!" I ejaculated.

ejaculated - yaculado; expeler, expulsar, eyacular, checkacabar

"Commonplace," said Holmes, though I thought from his expression that he was pleased at my evident surprise and admiration. "I said just now that there were no criminals. It appears that I am wrong-look at this!" He threw me over the note which the commissionaire had brought. 7

commonplace - lugar común, tópico, cliché, clisé

evident - es evidente; evidente, constatable

admiration - admiración

"Why," I cried, as I cast my eye over it, "this is terrible!"

cast - moldear, elenco, castear, sondar, sondear, lanzar, lanzamiento

"It does seem to be a little out of the common," he remarked, calmly. "Would you mind reading it to me aloud?"

aloud - en voz alta, de viva voz

This is the letter which I read to him--


Dear Mr - Estimado Sr.

"There has been a bad business dUring the night at 3, Lauriston Gardens, off the Brixton Road. Our man on the beat saw a light there about two in the morning, and as the house was an empty one, suspected that something was amiss. He found the door open, and in the front room, which is bare of furniture, discovered the body of a gentleman, well dressed, and having cards in his pocket bearing the name of 'Enoch J. Drebber, Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.A.'There had been no robbery, nor is there any evidence as to how the man met his death.

U - u?; u

beat - Golpear; latir

amiss - algún problema; mal

bare - desnudo, descubierto

bearing - Rodamiento; (bear) Rodamiento

Cleveland - Cleveland

Ohio - Ohio

robbery - robo

There are marks of blood in the room, but there is no wound upon his person. We are at a loss as to how he came into the empty house; indeed, the whole affair is a puzzler. If you can come round to the house any time before twelve, you will find me there. I have left everything in statu quo until I hear from you. If you are unable to come I shall give you fuller details, and would esteem it a great kindness if you would favour me with your opinion. Yours faithfully,

marks - marcas; Marcos, Evangelio según San Marcos

wound - Herida

Loss - pérdida

affair - negocio, asunto, rollo, amorío, aventura

puzzler - Puzzle

statu - tatu

quo - uo

unable - incapaz

esteem - estima

kindness - amabilidad, bondad

favour - favorecer; favor

faithfully - fielmente


"Gregson is the smartest of the Scotland Yarders," my friend remarked; "he and Lestrade are the pick of a bad lot. They are both quick and energetic, but conventional-shockingly so. They have their knives into one another, too. They are as jealous as a pair of professional beauties. There will be some fun over this case if they are both put upon the scent."

smartest - el más listo; elegante

pick - pico, ganzúa, hurgar, recoger

energetic - enérgico, energético

conventional - convencional

shockingly - Sorprendentemente

knives - cuchillos; cuchillo, punal, acuchillar

jealous - celoso, encelado, envidioso, checkenvidioso

professional - profesional, profesionista

beauties - bellezas; belleza, hermosura, preciosidad, preciosura

I was amazed at the calm way in which he rippled on. "Surely there is not a moment to be lost," I cried, "shall I go and order you a cab?"

amazed - asombrado; pasmar, sorprender, asombrar

Calm - calmado, sosiego, calma

rippled - ndulado; ondulación

cab - taxi

"I'm not sure about whether I shall go. I am the most incurably lazy devil that ever stood in shoe leather-that is, when the fit is on me, for I can be spry enough at times."

incurably - incurablemente

leather - piel; cuero

"Why, it is just such a chance as you have been longing for."

chance - oportunidad; suerte, by chance: por casualidad

longing for - Anhelar, desear, esperar

"My dear fellow, what does it matter to me. Supposing I unravel the whole matter, you may be sure that Gregson, Lestrade, and Co. will pocket all the credit. That comes of being an unofficial personage."

supposing - Suponiendo; (suppose); suponer

unofficial - no oficial; extraoficial, oficioso

personage - personaje

"But he begs you to help him."

begs - suplica; pedir

"Yes. He knows that I am his superior, and acknowledges it to me; but he would cut his tongue out before he would own it to any third person. However, we may as well go and have a look. I shall work it out on my own hook. I may have a laugh at them if I have nothing else. Come on!"

superior - superior, superior

acknowledges - reconocer, acusar recibo

tongue - lengua, tsinhueso, lengüeta

on my own hook - Por mi cuenta

He hustled on his overcoat, and bustled about in a way that showed that an energetic fit had superseded the apathetic one.

hustled - presionado; darse prisa, apurarse, enganar, engrupir

overcoat - un abrigo; abrigo

bustled - buscado; polisón, abundar

superseded - sustituido; substituir, sustituir, suplantar

apathetic - apático, indiferente, desganado

"Get your hat," he said.

"You wish me to come?"

wish - deseo, gana, desear

"Yes, if you have nothing better to do." A minute later we were both in a hansom, driving furiously for the Brixton Road.

furiously - furiosamente

It was a foggy, cloudy morning, and a dun-coloured veil hung over the house-tops, looking like the reflection of the mud-coloured streets beneath. My companion was in the best of spirits, and prattled away about Cremona fiddles, and the difference between a Stradivarius and an Amati. As for myself, I was silent, for the dull weather and the melancholy business upon which we were engaged, depressed my spirits.

foggy - niebla; brumoso

cloudy - nublado, nublo, turbio

veil - velo, velar

hung over - resaca

tops - tops; cima, parte superior, parte de más arriba, cabecera, tapa

reflection - reflexión, reflejo

beneath - por debajo; bajo

spirits - espíritus; espíritu, alma, onda, alcohol, bebida espirituosa

prattled away - parlotear, cotorrear, charlar sin parar

Stradivarius - stradivarius

silent - silencioso, callar, checkcallado

engaged - comprometido; atraer, trabar conversación con, trabar batalla

depressed - deprimido; deprimir

"You don't seem to give much thought to the matter in hand," I said at last, interrupting Holmes'musical disquisition.

interrupting - interrumpiendo; interrumpir, interrupción

musical - musical, musical

disquisition - disquisición

"No data yet," he answered. "It is a capital mistake to theorize before you have all the evidence. It biases the judgment."

data - datos; dato

theorize - teorizar

biases - prejuicios; inclinación, predisposición, parcialidad, prejuicio

"You will have your data soon," I remarked, pointing with my finger; "this is the Brixton Road, and that is the house, if I am not very much mistaken."

"So it is. Stop, driver, stop!" We were still a hundred yards or so from it, but he insisted upon our alighting, and we finished our journey upon foot.

insisted - insistió; insistir

alighting - saliendo; apearse de

Number 3, Lauriston Gardens wore an ill-omened and minatory look. It was one of four which stood back some little way from the street, two being occupied and two empty. The latter looked out with three tiers of vacant melancholy windows, which were blank and dreary, save that here and there a "To Let" card had developed like a cataract upon the bleared panes. A small garden sprinkled over with a scattered eruption of sickly plants separated each of these houses from the street, and was traversed by a narrow pathway, yellowish in colour, and consisting apparently of a mixture of clay and of gravel.

omened - omened; presagio

minatory - minatoria

stood back - retirarse, mantenerse alejado de

occupied - ocupado; ocupar

tiers - iveles; fila

dreary - aburrido, triste

developed - desarrollar

cataract - cataratas; catarata

bleared - claro

panes - paneles; cristal, vidrio

sprinkled - rociado; salpicar, rociar, asperjar, espolvorear

eruption - erupción

sickly - enfermo; enfermizo, enclenque, calamitoso, enteco

separated - separados; separado, separar, disgregar

traversed - travesado; atravesar, recorrer

pathway - camino; via, ruta

yellowish - amarillento

consisting - consistente; componerse (de), constar (de)

apparently - evidentemente, obviamente, por lo visto, aparentemente

clay - arcilla, barro

gravel - grava, gravilla, rociar con grava, salpicar con grava

The whole place was very sloppy from the rain which had fallen through the night. The garden was bounded by a three-foot brick wall with a fringe of wood rails upon the top, and against this wall was leaning a stalwart police constable, surrounded by a small knot of loafers, who craned their necks and strained their eyes in the vain hope of catching some glimpse of the proceedings within.

sloppy - desalinado; empapado, desprolijo, chapucero, descuidado

bounded - atado

brick - ladrillo

fringe - flecos; orla, extremista, radical, periferia, marginal, orlar

wood - madera

rails - rieles; barra

top - cima, parte superior, parte de más arriba, cabecera, tapa

against this - contra esto

police constable - agente de policía

surrounded - rodeado; circundar, envolver, cercar, rodear

loafers - Mocasín

craned - manivela; grúa

necks - cuello

strained - estirar, tensar

vain - vanidoso, vano, vacuo

catching - Atrapando; (catch); pega, traba, truco, cuestión

Glimpse - un vistazo; atisbo, entrever, atisbar, vislumbrar, ojear

I had imagined that Sherlock Holmes would at once have hurried into the house and plunged into a study of the mystery. Nothing appeared to be further from his intention. With an air of nonchalance which, under the circumstances, seemed to me to border upon affectation, he lounged up and down the pavement, and gazed vacantly at the ground, the sky, the opposite houses and the line of railings. Having finished his scrutiny, he proceeded slowly down the path, or rather down the fringe of grass which flanked the path, keeping his eyes riveted upon the ground.

hurried - con prisas; prisa, apuro, apresurarse, apurarse, darse prisa

plunged - se hundió; lanzarse, zambullirse, tirarse de cabeza

intention - intención

border - frontera, borde, cenefa, orla, parterre

affectation - afectación

lounged - tumbado; relajarse, sala de estar, estancia, reposera

pavement - pavimento, asfalto

gazed - mirada; observar, mirar fijamente

vacantly - Vacantemente

sky - cielo

railings - barandillas

scrutiny - escrutinio, escudrino, escudrinamiento

path - camino, sendero

grass - pasto, hierba, grama, césped

flanked - flanqueado; costado, flanco

riveted - remachado; remache, remachar

Twice he stopped, and once I saw him smile, and heard him utter an exclamation of satisfaction. There were many marks of footsteps upon the wet clayey soil, but since the police had been coming and going over it, I was unable to see how my companion could hope to learn anything from it. Still I had had such extraordinary evidence of the quickness of his perceptive faculties, that I had no doubt that he could see a great deal which was hidden from me.

utter - totalmente; absoluto, total

exclamation - exclamación

satisfaction - satisfacción, satisfacción

Footsteps - pasos; huella, paso

wet - húmedo, mojado, húmeda, mojada, mojar, mearse, orinarse, mojarse

clayey - arcilloso

soil - tierra, suelo

quickness - rapidez

perceptive - perceptivo; perspicaz

hidden - ocultos; esconder(se), ocultar

At the door of the house we were met by a tall, white-faced, flaxen-haired man, with a notebook in his hand, who rushed forward and wrung my companion's hand with effusion. "It is indeed kind of you to come," he said, "I have had everything left untouched."

notebook - un cuaderno; cuaderno, computador portátil, notebook

rushed forward - se precipitó hacia adelante

wrung - escurrido; torcer, retorcer

effusion - efusión, derrame

"Except that!" my friend answered, pointing at the pathway. "If a herd of buffaloes had passed along there could not be a greater mess. No doubt, however, you had drawn your own conclusions, Gregson, before you permitted this."

Except - exceptuar, excepto, salvo, exceptuando, menos, salvo que

herd - rebano, manada, piara

buffaloes - búfalos; búfalo, bisonte

along - a lo largo, a lo largo de, por

mess - desastre, enredo, lío

permitted - permitido; permitir

"I have had so much to do inside the house," the detective said evasively. "My colleague, Mr. Lestrade, is here. I had relied upon him to look after this."

inside - interior, dentro, adentro, dentro de

evasively - evasivamente

colleague - colega, companero

relied - remitido; contar con, atenerse

look after - Cuidar

Holmes glanced at me and raised his eyebrows sardonically. "With two such men as yourself and Lestrade upon the ground, there will not be much for a third party to find out," he said.

eyebrows - cejas; ceja

Gregson rubbed his hands in a self-satisfied way. "I think we have done all that can be done," he answered; "it's a queer case though, and I knew your taste for such things."

rubbed - frotado; frotación, frotamiento, frote, frotar

satisfied - satisfecho; satisfacer

taste - gusto, gusto, gustos, muestra, gustar, probar, catar, saber

"You did not come here in a cab?" asked Sherlock Holmes.

"No, sir."

"Nor Lestrade?"

"No, sir."

"Then let us go and look at the room." With which inconsequent remark he strode on into the house, followed by Gregson, whose features expressed his astonishment.

inconsequent - intrascendente

strode - caminó; andar a zancadas

whose - de quién; quién, quien, cuyo, cuya, cuyas

A short passage, bare planked and dusty, led to the kitchen and offices. Two doors opened out of it to the left and to the right. One of these had obviously been closed for many weeks. The other belonged to the dining-room, which was the apartment in which the mysterious affair had occurred. Holmes walked in, and I followed him with that subdued feeling at my heart which the presence of death inspires.

planked - tablado; tablón, artículo, entablar

dusty - polvoriento

Obviously - obviamente

belonged - pertenecía; pertenecer, ser propiedad (de)

dining - cenar; jaleo

mysterious - misterioso

occurred - ocurrió; ocurrir, acaecer, presentar

subdued - sumiso; someter, doblegar, domenar, debelar

presence - presencia

inspires - inspirar, infundir

It was a large square room, looking all the larger from the absence of all furniture. A vulgar flaring paper adorned the walls, but it was blotched in places with mildew, and here and there great strips had become detached and hung down, exposing the yellow plaster beneath. Opposite the door was a showy fireplace, surmounted by a mantelpiece of imitation white marble.

square - cuadro, cuadrado, escuadra, cartabón, plaza, casilla

absence - ausencia, falta, ausencia de hierro

vulgar - vulgar, chabacano, ramplón

flaring - explotando; bengala

adorned - dornado; adornar, engalanar

blotched - manchado; mancha

places with - Lugar con; colocar con

mildew - moho, mildiu, enmohecer

strips - tiras; quitar, desprender; arrancar; despojar

detached - desprendido; desacoplar

exposing - Exposiciones

fireplace - chimenea, hogar

mantelpiece - mantel; repisa

imitation - imitación

marble - mármol, canica, balita

On one corner of this was stuck the stump of a red wax candle. The solitary window was so dirty that the light was hazy and uncertain, giving a dull grey tinge to everything, which was intensified by the thick layer of dust which coated the whole apartment.

corner - ángulo, checkrincón, esquina, acorralar, girar, virar, maniobrar

stuck - atascado; clavar

stump - tocón, tueco, estaca, poste

wax - cera

candle - una vela; vela, candela, cirio

solitary - solitario

tinge - toque, tinte, matiz, retocar, matizar

intensified - intensificado; intensificar

thick - gruesa; grueso, espeso

layer - Capa; (lay) Capa

All these details I observed afterwards. At present my attention was centred upon the single grim motionless figure which lay stretched upon the boards, with vacant sightless eyes staring up at the discoloured ceiling. It was that of a man about forty-three or forty-four years of age, middle-sized, broad shouldered, with crisp curling black hair, and a short stubbly beard. He was dressed in a heavy broadcloth frock coat and waistcoat, with light-coloured trousers, and immaculate collar and cuffs. A top hat, well brushed and trim, was placed upon the floor beside him. His hands were clenched and his arms thrown abroad, while his lower limbs were interlocked as though his death struggle had been a grievous one.

afterwards - después

grim - asqueroso; horrible, horroroso, macabro, nefasto

motionless - inmóvil, inerte, quieto, en reposo

figure - figura, cifra, ocurrírsele

stretched - estirado; estirar, estirarse, dar, extenderse, estirón

boards - tableros; tabla, plancha

sightless - Invidentes

ceiling - techo; (ceil) techo

sized - de tamano; tamano, magnitud

crisp - crujiente, preciso, burbujeante, efervescente

stubbly beard - barba incipiente, barba de tres días

frock coat - levita

waistcoat - chaleco, chalequillo

immaculate - inmaculada; inmaculado

collar - cuello, collar, yugo

brushed - pincel, cepillo, escobilla, brocha, cepillado, matorral

trim - recortar, orlar, ribetear

beside - al lado de, cabe

clenched - apretado; traba

abroad - en el extranjero, en el exterior

lower - más bajo; oscurecerse, encapotarse; (low) más bajo; oscurecerse

limbs - miembros; miembro

interlocked - entrelazados; bloqueo, traba

death struggle - lucha mortal

On his rigid face there stood an expression of horror, and as it seemed to me, of hatred, such as I have never seen upon human features. This malignant and terrible contortion, combined with the low forehead, blunt nose, and prognathous jaw gave the dead man a singularly simious and ape-like appearance, which was increased by his writhing, unnatural posture. I have seen death in many forms, but never has it appeared to me in a more fearsome aspect than in that dark grimy apartment, which looked out upon one of the main arteries of suburban London.

rigid - rígido

hatred - odio

malignant - maligno

contortion - contorsión

combined - combinado; combinar, juntar, unir

forehead - la frente; frente

blunt - desafilado, despuntado

jaw - mandíbula; maxilar

dead - muerto

singularly - Singularmente

simious - Simio

ape - simio; mono

posture - postura

fearsome - temible

aspect - aspecto

grimy - Mugriento

arteries - rterias; arteria

Suburban - suburbano

Lestrade, lean and ferret-like as ever, was standing by the doorway, and greeted my companion and myself.

ferret - hurón

standing by - estar preparado; apoyar a alguien; mantenerse firme en; en espera

doorway - puerta; entrada

greeted - saludado; saludar

"This case will make a stir, sir," he remarked. "It beats anything I have seen, and I am no chicken."

stir - remover, revolver

beats - golpes; batir, golpear, percutir

"There is no clue?" said Gregson.

clue - una pista; pista, indicio

"None at all," chimed in Lestrade.

none - ninguna; ninguno

chimed - timbre; carrillón

Sherlock Holmes approached the body, and, kneeling down, examined it intently. "You are sure that there is no wound?" he asked, pointing to numerous gouts and splashes of blood which lay all round.

approached - se acercó; acercarse, aproximarse

kneeling - De rodillas; (kneel); arrodillarse

intently - con atención; atentamente

numerous - numerosos; numeroso

gouts - gota

"Positive!" cried both detectives.

"Then, of course, this blood belongs to a second individual-8 presumably the murderer, if murder has been committed. It reminds me of the circumstances attendant on the death of Van Jansen, in Utrecht, in the year '34. Do you remember the case, Gregson?"

presumably - supuestamente; presumiblemente, probablemente, presuntamente

murderer - asesino, asesina, victimario, victimaria

reminds - recuerda; recordar

attendant - asistente, guarda, concomitante, inherente

van - furgoneta; camioneta

Utrecht - Utrecht, Utrech

"No, sir."

"Read it up-you really should. There is nothing new under the sun. It has all been done before."

As he spoke, his nimble fingers were flying here, there, and everywhere, feeling, pressing, unbuttoning, examining, while his eyes wore the same far-away expression which I have already remarked upon. So swiftly was the examination made, that one would hardly have guessed the minuteness with which it was conducted. Finally, he sniffed the dead man's lips, and then glanced at the soles of his patent leather boots.

nimble - diestro, ágil, hábil, despierto

fingers - dedos; apuntar, senalar, hurgar, dedear

everywhere - en todas partes; todos lados, todo lugar, por todas partes

pressing - presionando; apremiante

unbuttoning - desabrocharse; desabotonar

examining - examinando; examinar, analizar, auscultar

minuteness - Minuciosidad

conducted - conducido; conducción, conducta, guiar, dirigir, manejar

finally - por fin, finalmente, por fin

lips - labios; labio, labro

soles - suelas; planta

patent leather - charol

"He has not been moved at all?" he asked.

"No more than was necessary for the purposes of our examination."

necessary - es necesario; necesario, menester

purposes - propósitos; propósito, fin; razón

"You can take him to the mortuary now," he said. "There is nothing more to be learned."

mortuary - funeraria; depósito de cadáveres

Gregson had a stretcher and four men at hand. At his call they entered the room, and the stranger was lifted and carried out. As they raised him, a ring tinkled down and rolled across the floor. Lestrade grabbed it up and stared at it with mystified eyes.

stretcher - camilla, bastidor, ensanchador, viga, polín, llevar en camilla

Stranger - Extrano; (strang) Extrano

lifted - levantado; levantar, alzar

ring - anillo

rolled - rodando; rollo

grabbed - agarrado; asir, agarrar, coger

"There's been a woman here," he cried. "It's a woman's wedding-ring."

wedding - Boda; (wed); casar

He held it out, as he spoke, upon the palm of his hand. We all gathered round him and gazed at it. There could be no doubt that that circlet of plain gold had once adorned the finger of a bride.

palm - palma

gathered - reunidos; juntar, recoger, recolectar, acumular, reunir

gazed at - mirar fijamente, contemplar

circlet - circuito; circulito, tiara

plain - plano; sencillo; liso; sin ornamentos; llano (persona)

bride - novia

"This complicates matters," said Gregson. "Heaven knows, they were complicated enough before."

complicates - complicar

complicated - complicado; complicar

"You're sure it doesn't simplify them?" observed Holmes. "There's nothing to be learned by staring at it. What did you find in his pockets?"

simplify - simplificar

pockets - bolsillos; bolsillo, bolsa, tronera, embolsar

"We have it all here," said Gregson, pointing to a litter of objects upon one of the bottom steps of the stairs. "A gold watch, No. 97163, by Barraud, of London. Gold Albert chain, very heavy and solid. Gold ring, with masonic device. Gold pin-bull-dog's head, with rubies as eyes. Russian leather card-case, with cards of Enoch J. Drebber of Cleveland, corresponding with the E. J.

litter - litera, artolas, camada, cama, lecho, detritus, basura

stairs - escaleras; peldano, escalera

Albert - Alberto

solid - sólido, masivo, macizo, continuo, junto, sólido, cuerpo

device - dispositivo, mecanismo, aparejo

pin - alfiler

rubies - rubíes; rubí

Russian - ruso, ruso, rusa

corresponding - corresponder, equivaler, corresponderse, cartearse

D. upon the linen. No purse, but loose money to the extent of seven pounds thirteen. Pocket edition of Boccaccio's 'Decameron,'with name of Joseph Stangerson upon the fly-leaf. Two letters-one addressed to E. J. Drebber and one to Joseph Stangerson."

loose money - perder dinero; dinero suelto

edition - edición, tiraje

Joseph - José, José de Arimetea

leaf - hoja, tablero

"At what address?"

"American Exchange, Strand-to be left till called for. They are both from the Guion Steamship Company, and refer to the sailing of their boats from Liverpool. It is clear that this unfortunate man was about to return to New York."

Exchange - intercambio; cambiar

be left till called for - quedarse hasta ser llamado

Steamship - barco de vapor

refer - referirse

sailing - navegando; (sail) navegando

Liverpool - Liverpool

clear - está claro; transparente, claro, despejado, libre

unfortunate - desafortunado, desgraciado

York - York, Yórk

"Have you made any inquiries as to this man, Stangerson?"

inquiries - consultas; inquisición, indagatoria, pesquisa

"I did it at once, sir," said Gregson. "I have had advertisements sent to all the newspapers, and one of my men has gone to the American Exchange, but he has not returned yet."

advertisements - anuncio, publicidad, reclamo, aviso

"Have you sent to Cleveland?"

"We telegraphed this morning."

telegraphed - telegrafiado; telégrafo, telegrafiar

"How did you word your inquiries?"

"We simply detailed the circumstances, and said that we should be glad of any information which could help us."

be glad - estar contento

"You did not ask for particulars on any point which appeared to you to be crucial?"

crucial - es crucial; crucial

"I asked about Stangerson."

"Nothing else? Is there no circumstance on which this whole case appears to hinge? Will you not telegraph again?"

circumstance - circunstancia

hinge - bisagra, gozne, charnela, quicio, abisagrar, depender

Telegraph - telégrafo, telegrafiar

"I have said all I have to say," said Gregson, in an offended voice.

offended - ofendido; ofender

Sherlock Holmes chuckled to himself, and appeared to be about to make some remark, when Lestrade, who had been in the front room while we were holding this conversation in the hall, reappeared upon the scene, rubbing his hands in a pompous and self-satisfied manner.

chuckled - se rió; reírse (entre dientes)

hall - pasillo, salón, vestibulo

reappeared - reapareció; reaparecer

scene - escena, escenario

pompous - majestuoso, pomposo, grandilocuente, altisonante

"Mr. Gregson," he said, "I have just made a discovery of the highest importance, and one which would have been overlooked had I not made a careful examination of the walls."

overlooked - pasado por alto; mirador, pasar por alto, otear

The little man's eyes sparkled as he spoke, and he was evidently in a state of suppressed exultation at having scored a point against his colleague.

little man - hombrecito

sparkled - brillaba; centelleo, destello

state - Estado, declarar, indicar

suppressed - suprimido; reprimar, contener, ocultar, suprimir

exultation - exultación

scored - puntuó; tantos

"Come here," he said, bustling back into the room, the atmosphere of which felt clearer since the removal of its ghastly inmate. "Now, stand there!"

bustling - ulliciosa; ajetreado; (bustle); polisón, abundar

atmosphere - atmósfera, aire, clima, ambiente

clearer - Más claro; (clear); transparente, claro, despejado, libre

removal - remoción, eliminación, mudanza

ghastly - fantasmal, cadavérico, espantoso, horripilante, malísimo

inmate - internado, interno, preso, recluso

stand there - quedarse allí

He struck a match on his boot and held it up against the wall.

match - coincide; cerilla, fósforo

"Look at that!" he said, triumphantly.

I have remarked that the paper had fallen away in parts. In this particular corner of the room a large piece had peeled off, leaving a yellow square of coarse plastering. Across this bare space there was scrawled in blood-red letters a single word-

in parts - en partes

peeled off - se ha despegado

coarse - grosero; tosco, rústico, rudo, bruto

plastering - enyesado; (plaster); ungüento, yeso, escayola, enlucido, revoque

scrawled - arabateado; garabatear


"What do you think of that?" cried the detective, with the air of a showman exhibiting his show. "This was overlooked because it was in the darkest corner of the room, and no one thought of looking there. The murderer has written it with his or her own blood. See this smear where it has trickled down the wall!

exhibiting - exhibir, exponer, prueba documental, prueba instrumental

looking there - mirar allí

smear - manchar, untar, embadurnar, aplicar

trickled - goteado; riachuelo, chorreo, instilar, chorrear, gotear

That disposes of the idea of suicide anyhow. Why was that corner chosen to write it on? I will tell you. See that candle on the mantelpiece. It was lit at the time, and if it was lit this corner would be the brightest instead of the darkest portion of the wall."

disposes - dispone; deshacerse

suicide - suicidio, autolisis, suicida

anyhow - de todos modos; de todas maneras, de todas formas, comoquiera

brightest - ás brillante; luminoso, resplandeciente, brillante

instead - en su lugar; en vez de, en lugar de

portion - porción

"And what does it mean now that you have found it?" asked Gregson in a depreciatory voice.

depreciatory - depreciatorio

"Mean? Why, it means that the writer was going to put the female name Rachel, but was disturbed before he or she had time to finish. You mark my words, when this case comes to be cleared up you will find that a woman named Rachel has something to do with it. It's all very well for you to laugh, Mr. Sherlock Holmes. You may be very smart and clever, but the old hound is the best, when all is said and done."

female - mujer; femenino, hembra, hembra

disturbed - molesto; perturbar, molestar

cleared up - limpiar; despejar(se); aclarar

smart - inteligente; elegante

hound - sabueso; perro de caza

"I really beg your pardon!" said my companion, who had ruffled the little man's temper by bursting into an explosion of laughter. "You certainly have the credit of being the first of us to find this out, and, as you say, it bears every mark of having been written by the other participant in last night's mystery. I have not had time to examine this room yet, but with your permission I shall do so now."

beg - pedir limosna; pedir

Pardon - perdón, indulto, perdonar, indultar, cómo?, ?perdón?, ?ah?

ruffled - revuelto; volante, retorcer

bursting - reventar, romper, ráfaga, estallo, reventón

explosion - explosión

laughter - risas; risa, risa

bears - osos; aguantar, soportar

participant - participante, partícipe

examine - examinar, analizar, auscultar

As he spoke, he whipped a tape measure and a large round magnifying glass from his pocket. With these two implements he trotted noiselessly about the room, sometimes stopping, occasionally kneeling, and once lying flat upon his face. So engrossed was he with his occupation that he appeared to have forgotten our presence, for he chattered away to himself under his breath the whole time, keeping up a running fire of exclamations, groans, whistles, and little cries suggestive of encouragement and of hope. As I watched him I was irresistibly reminded of a pure-blooded well-trained foxhound as it dashes backwards and forwards through the covert, whining in its eagerness, until it comes across the lost scent.

whipped - batido; fusta, látigo, flagelo, panish: t-needed

tape measure - cinta métrica

magnifying glass - Lupa

implements - implementos; implemento, herramienta, instrumento, implementar

trotted - trotó; trotar

lying - Mentir; (lie) Mentir

engrossed - absorto; acaparar, arramblar, apandar, alzarse con

occupation - ocupación

chattered - charló; chacharear, parlotear

breath - respiración, aliento, respiro

exclamations - exclamaciones; exclamación

groans - gimoteos; gemido, grunido, gemir, grunir

whistles - silbatos; silbato, pito, chifle, pitido

cries - llorar, gritar, panish: t-needed

suggestive - sugerente; sugestivo

encouragement - aliento; apoyo

reminded - recordado; recordar

blooded - de sangre; ensangrentar

dashes - guiones; raya, guion largo, carrerita, gota, pizca, lanzarse

backwards - hacia atrás; atrasado, rezagado, subdesarrollado

forwards - hacia delante

covert - encubierto

whining - Gimoteo; (whin) Gimoteo

For twenty minutes or more he continued his researches, measuring with the most exact care the distance between marks which were entirely invisible to me, and occasionally applying his tape to the walls in an equally incomprehensible manner. In one place he gathered up very carefully a little pile of grey dust from the floor, and packed it away in an envelope. Finally, he examined with his glass the word upon the wall, going over every letter of it with the most minute exactness. This done, he appeared to be satisfied, for he replaced his tape and his glass in his pocket.

researches - investigaciones; investigación, investigación, investigar

measuring - Medir; (measure); medición, medida, regla, compás, medir

most exact - Más exacto

distance between - distancia entre

invisible - invisible

applying - solicitando; aplicar

tape - cinta, atar, grabar

equally - igualmente

incomprehensible - incomprensible

carefully - con cuidado; cuidadosamente, a conciencia, minuciosamente

pile - montón, pila

packed - empacado; fardo, bulto

be satisfied - estar satisfecho

replaced - reemplazado; reemplazar, sustituir

"They say that genius is an infinite capacity for taking pains," he remarked with a smile. "It's a very bad definition, but it does apply to detective work."

infinite - infinito

capacity - capacidad

pains - dolores; dolor

definition - definición

Gregson and Lestrade had watched the manoeuvres 9 of their amateur companion with considerable curiosity and some contempt. They evidently failed to appreciate the fact, which I had begun to realize, that Sherlock Holmes'smallest actions were all directed towards some definite and practical end.

manoeuvres - maniobras; maniobra

amateur - amateur, aficionado, diletante, inadaptado

considerable - considerable

contempt - desprecio, desdén, desgracia, deshonra, vergüenza, desacato

failed - falló; fracasar

appreciate - apreciar; agradecer, valorar, comprender, hacerse cargo de

directed - dirigido; directo, dirigir

"What do you think of it, sir?" they both asked.

"It would be robbing you of the credit of the case if I was to presume to help you," remarked my friend. "You are doing so well now that it would be a pity for anyone to interfere." There was a world of sarcasm in his voice as he spoke.

robbing - robando; robar

pity - compasión, piedad, lástima, pena, tener lástima

interfere - panish: t-needed

sarcasm - sarcasmo

"If you will let me know how your investigations go," he continued, "I shall be happy to give you any help I can. In the meantime I should like to speak to the constable who found the body. Can you give me his name and address?"

investigations - investigaciones; investigación

meantime - mientras tanto; entretanto, en tanto

Lestrade glanced at his note-book. "John Rance," he said. "He is off duty now. You will find him at 46, Audley Court, Kennington Park Gate."

off duty - fuera de servicio

Court - patio, callejón, corte, tribunal, juzgado

Gate - puerta; verja

Holmes took a note of the address.

"Come along, Doctor," he said; "we shall go and look him up. I'll tell you one thing which may help you in the case," he continued, turning to the two detectives. "There has been murder done, and the murderer was a man. He was more than six feet high, was in the prime of life, had small feet for his height, wore coarse, square-toed boots and smoked a Trichinopoly cigar.

murder - asesinato, asesinar, cepillarse, devorar

prime - primer, primero

toed - dedos; dedo del pie, ortejo

smoked - fumado; humo

cigar - un puro; puro, cigarro

He came here with his victim in a four-wheeled cab, which was drawn by a horse with three old shoes and one new one on his off fore leg. In all probability the murderer had a florid face, and the finger-nails of his right hand were remarkably long. These are only a few indications, but they may assist you."

victim - víctima, sacrificio

wheeled - con ruedas; rueda, pez gordo, llanta, rodar, circunvolar

probability - probabilidad

florid - Florido

nails - unas; una

remarkably - otablemente; extraordinariamente

indications - indicaciones; indicación

assist - ayudar, asistir

Lestrade and Gregson glanced at each other with an incredulous smile.

incredulous - incrédulo

"If this man was murdered, how was it done?" asked the former.

murdered - asesinado; asesinato, asesinar, cepillarse, devorar

former - antiguo, anterior

"Poison," said Sherlock Holmes curtly, and strode off. "One other thing, Lestrade," he added, turning round at the door: "'Rache,'is the German for 'revenge;'so don't lose your time looking for Miss Rachel."

poison - veneno, ponzona, envenenar, emponzonar

curtly - Cortésmente

German - alemán, alemana, germano, germana

revenge - venganza

With which Parthian shot he walked away, leaving the two rivals open-mouthed behind him.

Parthian - parto, parto, parta

rivals - rivales; rival


IT was one o'clock when we left No. 3, Lauriston Gardens. Sherlock Holmes led me to the nearest telegraph office, whence he dispatched a long telegram. He then hailed a cab, and ordered the driver to take us to the address given us by Lestrade.

telegraph office - Oficina de telégrafos

whence - de dónde; de donde, desde donde, de ahí

telegram - telegrama

"There is nothing like first hand evidence," he remarked; "as a matter of fact, my mind is entirely made up upon the case, but still we may as well learn all that is to be learned."

"You amaze me, Holmes," said I. "Surely you are not as sure as you pretend to be of all those particulars which you gave."

amaze - pasmar, sorprender, asombrar

pretend - fingir, de mentirijillas

"There's no room for a mistake," he answered. "The very first thing which I observed on arriving there was that a cab had made two ruts with its wheels close to the curb. Now, up to last night, we have had no rain for a week, so that those wheels which left such a deep impression must have been there during the night. There were the marks of the horse's hoofs, too, the outline of one of which was far more clearly cut than that of the other three, showing that that was a new shoe.

ruts - ruts; surco, bache

wheels - ruedas; rueda, pez gordo, llanta, rodar, circunvolar

impression - impresión

hoofs - cascos; pezuna, casco

outline - contorno, esbozo, resumen, delinear, resumir

Since the cab was there after the rain began, and was not there at any time during the morning-I have Gregson's word for that-it follows that it must have been there during the night, and, therefore, that it brought those two individuals to the house."

"That seems simple enough," said I; "but how about the other man's height?"

"Why, the height of a man, in nine cases out of ten, can be told from the length of his stride. It is a simple calculation enough, though there is no use my boring you with figures. I had this fellow's stride both on the clay outside and on the dust within. Then I had a way of checking my calculation.

Length - largo, eslora (nautical: length of a ship from bow to stern)

stride - andar a zancadas

calculation - cálculo, cálculo, cómputo, conjetura

figures - cifras; figura, cifra, ocurrírsele

When a man writes on a wall, his instinct leads him to write about the level of his own eyes. Now that writing was just over six feet from the ground. It was child's play."

instinct - instinto

leads - llevar, conducir

level - nivelado, al ras, nivel, niveles, llano, piso

"And his age?" I asked.

"Well, if a man can stride four and a-half feet without the smallest effort, he can't be quite in the sere and yellow. That was the breadth of a puddle on the garden walk which he had evidently walked across. Patent-leather boots had gone round, and Square-toes had hopped over.

effort - esfuerzo

puddle - un charco; charco, poza

patent - patente

gone round - girar, dar vueltas, circular

toes - dedos de los pies; dedo del pie, ortejo

hopped - saltó; saltar a la pata coja

There is no mystery about it at all. I am simply applying to ordinary life a few of those precepts of observation and deduction which I advocated in that article. Is there anything else that puzzles you?"

ordinary - pieza, ordinario, del montón

precepts - preceptos; precepto

advocated - ropugnado; abogado, abogada, portavoz, representante, vocero

puzzles - puzzles; rompecabezas, enigma, puzle, acertijo, intrigar

"The finger nails and the Trichinopoly," I suggested.

suggested - sugerido; insinuar, sugerir, recomendar

"The writing on the wall was done with a man's forefinger dipped in blood. My glass allowed me to observe that the plaster was slightly scratched in doing it, which would not have been the case if the man's nail had been trimmed. I gathered up some scattered ash from the floor. It was dark in colour and flakey-such an ash as is only made by a Trichinopoly.

dipped in - sumergido

allowed - permitido; dejar, permitir, conceder

scratched - rayado; rascar, raspar, aranar, rasgunar, rayar, aranazo

nail - un clavo; una

trimmed - recortado; recortar, orlar, ribetear

ash - cenizas; ceniza

I have made a special study of cigar ashes-in fact, I have written a monograph upon the subject. I flatter myself that I can distinguish at a glance the ash of any known brand, either of cigar or of tobacco. It is just in such details that the skilled detective differs from the Gregson and Lestrade type."

ashes - cenizas; ceniza

monograph - monografía

brand - tizón, marca, tildar, tachar

differs - difiere; ser distinto

"And the florid face?" I asked.

"Ah, that was a more daring shot, though I have no doubt that I was right. You must not ask me that at the present state of the affair."

daring - atrevido, audaz, osado; (dare); atrevido, audaz, osado

I passed my hand over my brow. "My head is in a whirl," I remarked; "the more one thinks of it the more mysterious it grows. How came these two men-if there were two men-into an empty house? What has become of the cabman who drove them? How could one man compel another to take poison? Where did the blood come from?

more mysterious - más misterioso

compel - obligar, forzar, compeler

What was the object of the murderer, since robbery had no part in it? How came the woman's ring there? Above all, why should the second man write up the German word RACHE before decamping? I confess that I cannot see any possible way of reconciling all these facts."

My companion smiled approvingly.

approvingly - con aprobación

"You sum up the difficulties of the situation succinctly and well," he said. "There is much that is still obscure, though I have quite made up my mind on the main facts. As to poor Lestrade's discovery it was simply a blind intended to put the police upon a wrong track, by suggesting Socialism and secret societies. It was not done by a German. The A, if you noticed, was printed somewhat after the German fashion. Now, a real German invariably prints in the Latin character, so that we may safely say that this was not written by one, but by a clumsy imitator who overdid his part. It was simply a ruse to divert inquiry into a wrong channel.

sum up - resumir

succinctly - sucintamente

obscure - oscuro; obscuro, esconder, ocultar

blind - ciego, invidente, celosía, persiana, ciega, ciego, cegar

track - pista; rastro, huella, trilla, trillo, sendero, curso

suggesting - sugiriendo; insinuar, sugerir, recomendar

Socialism - socialismo

secret societies - Sociedades secretas

printed - impreso; imprimir

fashion - moda, manera, modo

prints - impresiones; imprimir

Latin - Latín

character - personaje, característica, carácter

imitator - imitador

overdid - exageró; pasarse, cocer demasiado

ruse - truco; asechanza, artimana, trácala, astucia

divert - divertirse; desviar, entretener, distraer

Channel - canal

I'm not going to tell you much more of the case, Doctor. You know a conjuror gets no credit when once he has explained his trick, and if I show you too much of my method of working, you will come to the conclusion that I am a very ordinary individual after all."

Conjuror - Conjurador

method - método, forma

"I shall never do that," I answered; "you have brought detection as near an exact science as it ever will be brought in this world."

My companion flushed up with pleasure at my words, and the earnest way in which I uttered them. I had already observed that he was as sensitive to flattery on the score of his art as any girl could be of her beauty.

flushed - enjuagado; rubor

pleasure - placer, voluptuosidad, gustar

earnest - en serio; serio; (earn) en serio; serio

uttered - ronunciado; absoluto, total

sensitive - sensible, sensitivo, susceptible

flattery - halagos; adulación, peloteo, piropo, camelo, lisonja

beauty - belleza, hermosura, preciosidad, preciosura

"I'll tell you one other thing," he said. "Patent leathers 10 and Square-toes came in the same cab, and they walked down the pathway together as friendly as possible-arm-in-arm, in all probability. When they got inside they walked up and down the room-or rather, Patent-leathers stood still while Square-toes walked up and down. I could read all that in the dust; and I could read that as he walked he grew more and more excited.

leathers - cueros; cuero

more excited - Más emocionado/ entusiasmado

That is shown by the increased length of his strides. He was talking all the while, and working himself up, no doubt, into a fury. Then the tragedy occurred. I've told you all I know myself now, for the rest is mere surmise and conjecture. We have a good working basis, however, on which to start. We must hurry up, for I want to go to Halle's concert to hear Norman Neruda this afternoon."

strides - estridente

fury - furia

tragedy - tragedia

ve - e

rest - descansar; descanso, reposo

mere - simple, mero

surmise - supongo; suponer, conjeturar, presumir

conjecture - conjeturas; conjetura, suposición, especulación, teoría

basis - base, fundamento

hurry - prisa, apuro, apresurarse, apurarse, darse prisa

Norman - normando, normanda

This conversation had occurred while our cab had been threading its way through a long succession of dingy streets and dreary by-ways. In the dingiest and dreariest of them our driver suddenly came to a stand. "That's Audley Court in there," he said, pointing to a narrow slit in the line of dead-coloured brick. "You'll find me here when you come back."

threading - enhebrar; hilo, hebra, hilaza, tema, argumento, hilazón

succession - sucesión

dingy - mugriento; sucio, sórdido

dingiest - más sucio; sucio, sórdido

dreariest - el más lúgubre; aburrido, triste

slit - ranura, abertura, rendija, fisura, raja

Audley Court was not an attractive locality. The narrow passage led us into a quadrangle paved with flags and lined by sordid dwellings.

attractive - atractivo, atrayente

locality - vecindario, vecindarios, localidad

quadrangle - cuadrilátero; patio

paved - pavimentado; pavimentar

flags - banderas; bandera

sordid - sórdido

dwellings - vivienda

We picked our way among groups of dirty children, and through lines of discoloured linen, until we came to Number 46, the door of which was decorated with a small slip of brass on which the name Rance was engraved. On enquiry we found that the constable was in bed, and we were shown into a little front parlour to await his coming.

decorated - decorado; decorar

brass - latón

engraved - grabado; grabar

enquiry - consulta; inquirir

parlour - salón

await - esperar, aguantar

He appeared presently, looking a little irritable at being disturbed in his slumbers. "I made my report at the office," he said.

irritable - irritable

slumbers - dormir; adormecimiento, adormilamiento, adormecer, adormilar

Holmes took a half-sovereign from his pocket and played with it pensively. "We thought that we should like to hear it all from your own lips," he said.

sovereign - soberano

pensively - pensativo; pensativamente

"I shall be most happy to tell you anything I can," the constable answered with his eyes upon the little golden disk.

disk - disco, disco, disco intervertebral, disco duro

"Just let us hear it all in your own way as it occurred."

Rance sat down on the horsehair sofa, and knitted his brows as though determined not to omit anything in his narrative.

knitted - de punto; hacer punto, tricotar, tejer, soldarse, construir

brows - cejas; (brow) cejas

omit - omitir, dejar de lado, dejarse en el tintero

narrative - narrativo, narrativa, narración

"I'll tell it ye from the beginning," he said. "My time is from ten at night to six in the morning. At eleven there was a fight at the 'White Hart'; but bar that all was quiet enough on the beat. At one o'clock it began to rain, and I met Harry Murcher-him who has the Holland Grove beat-and we stood together at the corner of Henrietta Street a-talkin'. Presently-maybe about two or a little after-I thought I would take a look round and see that all was right down the Brixton Road. It was precious dirty and lonely. Not a soul did I meet all the way down, though a cab or two went past me.

ye - sí; vos

fight - pelear (se), luchar

beat - batir, golpear, percutir

Holland - Holanda

grove - arboleda

stood together - mantenerse juntos

talkin - hablando

look round - mirar alrededor

precious - preciosos; precioso

soul - alma, espíritu

I was a strollin'down, thinkin'between ourselves how uncommon handy a four of gin hot would be, when suddenly the glint of a light caught my eye in the window of that same house. Now, I knew that them two houses in Lauriston Gardens was empty on account of him that owns them who won't have the drains seen to, though the very last tenant what lived in one of them died o'typhoid fever. I was knocked all in a heap therefore at seeing a light in the window, and I suspected as something was wrong. When I got to the door--"

strollin - Paseando

thinkin - Pensando

uncommon - incomún; raro, poco común, extrano, poco frecuente

handy - a mano, cercano

gin - ginebra

glint - brillo

on account - a cuenta

drains - esagües; desagüe, drenaje, aliviadero, tubo abierto, sangría

tenant - inquilino, arrendatario

typhoid - fiebre tifoidea

knocked - golpeado; golpe, golpear

heap - pila, montón, cúmulo, montículo, checkpila, amontonar

"You stopped, and then walked back to the garden gate," my companion interrupted. "What did you do that for?"

Rance gave a violent jump, and stared at Sherlock Holmes with the utmost amazement upon his features.

violent - violento

jump - saltar

utmost - extremo, descollante, extremado, sobresaliente, sumo, máximo

amazement - asombro, sorpresa

"Why, That's true, sir," he said; "though how you come to know it, Heaven only knows. Ye see, when I got up to the door it was so still and so lonesome, that I thought I'd be none the worse for some one with me. I ain't afeared of anything on this side o'the grave; but I thought that maybe it was him that died o'the typhoid inspecting the drains what killed him.

That's true - Es cierto

lonesome - solo; solitario

afeared - Miedo

grave - tumba

inspecting - inspeccionando; inspeccionar, pasar revista

killed - asesinado; matar, asesinar

The thought gave me a kind o'turn, and I walked back to the gate to see if I could see Murcher's lantern, but there wasn't no sign of him nor of anyone else."

lantern - farol, linterna

wasn - Era

sign - signo; senal

"There was no one in the street?"

"Not a livin'soul, sir, nor as much as a dog. Then I pulled myself together and went back and pushed the door open. All was quiet inside, so I went into the room where the light was a-burnin'. There was a candle flickerin'on the mantelpiece-a red wax one-and by its light I saw--"

livin - Vivir

pulled myself together - recobrar la compostura, calmarse

burnin - Quemando

flickerin - Parpadeando

"Yes, I know all that you saw. You walked round the room several times, and you knelt down by the body, and then you walked through and tried the kitchen door, and then--"

knelt - de rodillas; arrodillarse

John Rance sprang to his feet with a frightened face and suspicion in his eyes. "Where was you hid to see all that?" he cried. "It seems to me that you knows a deal more than you should."

frightened - asustado; atemorizar

hid - Se escondió; (hide) Se escondió

Holmes laughed and threw his card across the table to the constable. "Don't get arresting me for the murder," he said. "I am one of the hounds and not the wolf; Mr. Gregson or Mr. Lestrade will answer for that. Go on, though. What did you do next?"

arresting - arrestante; paro, arresto, detenido, parar, detener, arrestar

hounds - sabuesos; perro de caza

wolf - lobo, mujeriego, devorar, engullir

answer for - responder por

Rance resumed his seat, without however losing his mystified expression. "I went back to the gate and sounded my whistle. That brought Murcher and two more to the spot."

resumed - se reanuda; reanudar

seat - asiento, seato, sede

whistle - silbar; silbato, pito, chifle, pitido

"Was the street empty then?"

"Well, it was, as far as anybody that could be of any good goes."

Anybody - alguien

"What do you mean?"

The constable's features broadened into a grin. "I've seen many a drunk chap in my time," he said, "but never anyone so cryin'drunk as that cove. He was at the gate when I came out, a-leanin'up agin the railings, and a-singin'at the pitch o'his lungs about Columbine's New-fangled Banner, or some such stuff. He couldn't stand, far less help."

broadened - ampliado; ensanchar, ensancharse

grin - sonreír abiertamente, sonreír de oreja a oreja

many a - mucho(s)

chap - chico; tío, tipo

cryin - Llorando

Cove - cala, ensenada

leanin - Inclinándose

singin - Cantando

pitch - plantar, armar, montar

lungs - pulmones; pulmón

banner - bandera, estandarte

stuff - cosas, bártulos, cosa, coso, materia, atiborrar, rellenar

"What sort of a man was he?" asked Sherlock Holmes.

John Rance appeared to be somewhat irritated at this digression. "He was an uncommon drunk sort o'man," he said. "He'd ha'found hisself in the station if we hadn't been so took up."

irritated - irritado; irritar, enviscar

digression - intercambio; digresión, divagación

hisself - Él mismo

"His face-his dress-didn't you notice them?" Holmes broke in impatiently.

notice - aviso; comunicación, notificación, darse cuenta, advertir

"I should think I did notice them, seeing that I had to prop him up-me and Murcher between us. He was a long chap, with a red face, the lower part muffled round--"

prop - puntales; puntal

lower part - la parte inferior

muffled - silenciado; mufla

"That will do," cried Holmes. "What became of him?"

"We'd enough to do without lookin'after him," the policeman said, in an aggrieved voice. "I'll wager he found his way home all right."

do without - prescindirse de

lookin - Mirando

"How was he dressed?"

"A brown overcoat."

"Had he a whip in his hand?"

whip - fusta, látigo, flagelo, panish: t-needed

"A whip-no."

"He must have left it behind," muttered my companion. "You didn't happen to see or hear a cab after that?"

muttered - murmuró; hablar entre dientes, murmurar


"There's a half-sovereign for you," my companion said, standing up and taking his hat. "I am afraid, Rance, that you will never rise in the force. That head of yours should be for use as well as ornament. You might have gained your sergeant's stripes last night.

rise - aumentar; subir

force - fuerza

ornament - ornamento, ornamento musical

Gained - ganado; ganar, adquirir, obtener, conseguir

stripes - rayas; franja, raya, línea, lista, galón

The man whom you held in your hands is the man who holds the clue of this mystery, and whom we are seeking. There is no use of arguing about it now; I tell you that it is so. Come along, Doctor."

seeking - buscando; buscar

arguing - discutiendo; argumentar, debatir, discutir

We started off for the cab together, leaving our informant incredulous, but obviously uncomfortable.

informant - informante

uncomfortable - incómodo, a disgusto, cohibido

"The blundering fool," Holmes said, bitterly, as we drove back to our lodgings. "Just to think of his having such an incomparable bit of good luck, and not taking advantage of it."

blundering - trompicones; (blunder); error

bitterly - con amargura; amargamente

incomparable - incomparable, inigualable

luck - suerte

"I am rather in the dark still. It is true that the description of this man tallies with your idea of the second party in this mystery. But why should he come back to the house after leaving it? That is not the way of criminals."

tallies - cuentas; cuenta (llevar la cuenta), registro

"The ring, man, the ring: that was what he came back for. If we have no other way of catching him, we can always bait our line with the ring. I shall have him, Doctor-I'll lay you two to one that I have him. I must thank you for it all. I might not have gone but for you, and so have missed the finest study I ever came across: a study in scarlet, eh? Why shouldn't we use a little art jargon.

bait - cebo, carnada, carnaza

eh - no, qué, cómo

shouldn - Debería

jargon - jerga

There's the scarlet thread of murder running through the colourless skein of life, and our duty is to unravel it, and isolate it, and expose every inch of it. And now for lunch, and then for Norman Neruda. Her attack and her bowing are splendid. What's that little thing of Chopin's she plays so magnificently: Tra-la-la-lira-lira-lay."

colourless - incoloro

skein - una madeja; madeja, lina, enredo

Duty - deber, obligación, cometido, menester, arancel

isolate - aislar, aislante

expose - exponer, revelar, descubrir, exhibir

inch - pulgada

attack - ataque, atacar

bowing - Inclinarse; (bow) Inclinarse

splendid - espléndido

magnificently - magníficamente

Leaning back in the cab, this amateur bloodhound carolled away like a lark while I meditated upon the many-sidedness of the human mind.

bloodhound - sabueso, sabuesa

carolled - carolada; villancico

lark - alondra

meditated - meditado; meditar

sidedness - Lateralidad


advertisement - anuncio, publicidad, reclamo, aviso

brings a - traer

OUR morning's exertions had been too much for my weak health, and I was tired out in the afternoon. After Holmes'departure for the concert, I lay down upon the sofa and endeavoured to get a couple of hours'sleep. It was a useless attempt. My mind had been too much excited by all that had occurred, and the strangest fancies and surmises crowded into it. Every time that I closed my eyes I saw before me the distorted baboon-like countenance of the murdered man.

exertions - esfuerzos; esfuerzo

tired out - agotado

departure - salida, partida

Strangest - Extrano

fancies - ganas; capricho, antojo

surmises - suposiciones; suponer, conjeturar, presumir

distorted - distorsionado; deformar, distorsionar, tergiversar, desvirtuar

baboon - babón, babuino

countenance - semblante, apariencia, expresión, rostro

So sinister was the impression which that face had produced upon me that I found it difficult to feel anything but gratitude for him who had removed its owner from the world. If ever human features bespoke vice of the most malignant type, they were certainly those of Enoch J. Drebber, of Cleveland. Still I recognized that justice must be done, and that the depravity of the victim was no condonment 11 in the eyes of the law.

sinister - siniestro, izquierdo

gratitude - gratitud

vice - vicio; torno de banco

depravity - depravación

condonment - Condonación

The more I thought of it the more extraordinary did my companion's hypothesis, that the man had been poisoned, appear. I remembered how he had sniffed his lips, and had no doubt that he had detected something which had given rise to the idea. Then, again, if not poison, what had caused the man's death, since there was neither wound nor marks of strangulation? But, on the other hand, whose blood was that which lay so thickly upon the floor?

hypothesis - hipótesis

poisoned - envenenado; veneno, ponzona, envenenar, emponzonar

detected - detectado; detectar, sentir

caused - causado; causa, causar

strangulation - estrangulación

There were no signs of a struggle, nor had the victim any weapon with which he might have wounded an antagonist. As long as all these questions were unsolved, I felt that sleep would be no easy matter, either for Holmes or myself. His quiet self-confident manner convinced me that he had already formed a theory which explained all the facts, though what it was I could not for an instant conjecture.

signs - senales; senal

Struggle - lucha, forcejeo, brega, luchar, esforzarse con denuedo

weapon - arma

antagonist - antagonista

self-confident - (self-confident) seguro de sí mismo

Convinced - convencido; convencer

He was very late in returning-so late, that I knew that the concert could not have detained him all the time. Dinner was on the table before he appeared.

detained - detenido; panish: t-needed

"It was magnificent," he said, as he took his seat. "Do you remember what Darwin says about music? He claims that the power of producing and appreciating it existed among the human race long before the power of speech was arrived at. Perhaps that is why we are so subtly influenced by it. There are vague memories in our souls of those misty centuries when the world was in its childhood."

magnificent - magnífico, macanudo

claims - reclamaciones; reclamación, declaración, proposición

power - poder, potencia, corriente, electricidad, potenciar

producing - produciendo; producir, realizar, producto, producción, cosecha

appreciating - apreciando; agradecer, valorar, comprender, hacerse cargo de

existed - existió; existir

race - carrera

Speech - habla, discurso

subtly - sutilmente

influenced - influenciado; influencia, influir, influenciar

vague - vago, impreciso

memories - recuerdos; memoria, recuerdo

souls - almas; alma, espíritu

misty - niebla; con neblina, neblinoso

childhood - infancia, ninez

"That's rather a broad idea," I remarked.

"One's ideas must be as broad as Nature if they are to interpret Nature," he answered. "What's the matter? You're not looking quite yourself. This Brixton Road affair has upset you."

Interpret - explicar, exponer, interpretar

What's the matter? - ?Qué pasa?

upset - trastornado, perturbado, enfadado, molesto

"To tell the truth, it has," I said. "I ought to be more case-hardened after my Afghan experiences. I saw my own comrades hacked to pieces at Maiwand without losing my nerve."

truth - verdad

hardened - Se endurece

experiences - experiencias; experiencia, vivencia, experimentar, vivir

comrades - camaradas; companero, colega, camarada, correligionario

hacked - hackeado; cortar, tajar

nerve - nervio, coraje, descaro, frescura, nervios

"I can understand. There is a mystery about this which stimulates the imagination; where there is no imagination there is no horror. Have you seen the evening paper?"

stimulates - estimular

evening paper - Periódico de la tarde


"It gives a fairly good account of the affair. It does not mention the fact that when the man was raised up, a woman's wedding ring fell upon the floor. It is just as well it does not."

account - cuenta

mention - mención, mencionar, mentar


"Look at this advertisement," he answered. "I had one sent to every paper this morning immediately after the affair."

immediately - inmediatamente, de inmediato, ya, sin demora

He threw the paper across to me and I glanced at the place indicated. It was the first announcement in the "Found" column. "In Brixton Road, this morning," it ran, "a plain gold wedding ring, found in the roadway between the 'White Hart'Tavern and Holland Grove. Apply Dr. Watson, 221B, Baker Street, between eight and nine this evening."

indicated - indicado; indicar, senalizar, panish: t-needed

announcement - anuncio, declaración, anunciación, checkanuncio

column - columna

tavern - taberna

"Excuse my using your name," he said. "If I used my own some of these dunderheads would recognize it, and want to meddle in the affair."

dunderheads - Cabeza hueca

recognize - reconoces; reconocer

meddle - entrometerse, inmiscuirse, injerirse, mangonear

"That is all right," I answered. "But supposing anyone applies, I have no ring."

applies - se aplica; aplicar

"Oh yes, you have," said he, handing me one. "This will do very well. It is almost a facsimile."

facsimile - facsímil

"And who do you expect will answer this advertisement."

expect - esperar, checkaguardar

"Why, the man in the brown coat-our florid friend with the square toes. If he does not come himself he will send an accomplice."

accomplice - cómplice, fautor

"Would he not consider it as too dangerous?"

"Not at all. If my view of the case is correct, and I have every reason to believe that it is, this man would rather risk anything than lose the ring. According to my notion he dropped it while stooping over Drebber's body, and did not miss it at the time. After leaving the house he discovered his loss and hurried back, but found the police already in possession, owing to his own folly in leaving the candle burning. He had to pretend to be drunk in order to allay the suspicions which might have been aroused by his appearance at the gate. Now put yourself in that man's place.

Risk - riesgo, checkpeligro, arriesgar, poner en riesgo

dropped - se cayó; gota

stooping - inclinarse, agacharse

owing to - Debido a

folly - una locura; capricho

burning - quemando; ardiente; (burn) quemando; ardiente

allay - disipar; aquietar, calmar, aliviar, mitigar

suspicions - sospechas; sospecha, suspicacia

On thinking the matter over, it must have occurred to him that it was possible that he had lost the ring in the road after leaving the house. What would he do, then? He would eagerly look out for the evening papers in the hope of seeing it among the articles found. His eye, of course, would light upon this. He would be overjoyed. Why should he fear a trap? There would be no reason in his eyes why the finding of the ring should be connected with the murder. He would come. He will come. You shall see him within an hour?"

ring in - llamar

overjoyed - alegría

fear - miedo, temor

trap - trampa

be connected with - estar relacionado con

"And then?" I asked.

"Oh, you can leave me to deal with him then. Have you any arms?"

"I have my old service revolver and a few cartridges."

service revolver - Revólver de servicio

cartridges - cartuchos; cartucho, cartuchera, cartucho de tinta

"You had better clean it and load it. He will be a desperate man, and though I shall take him unawares, it is as well to be ready for anything."

load - cargar; carga

desperate - desesperado

unawares - inconsciente, desprevenido, ignorante

I went to my bedroom and followed his advice. When I returned with the pistol the table had been cleared, and Holmes was engaged in his favourite occupation of scraping upon his violin.

pistol - pistola

cleared - transparente, claro, despejado, libre

scraping - Raspando; (scrap) Raspando

"The plot thickens," he said, as I entered; "I have just had an answer to my American telegram. My view of the case is the correct one."

plot - argumento, trama, hilo argumental, intriga, plano

thickens - se espesa; espesar

"And that is?" I asked eagerly.

"My fiddle would be the better for new strings," he remarked. "Put your pistol in your pocket. When the fellow comes speak to him in an ordinary way. Leave the rest to me. Don't frighten him by looking at him too hard."

strings - cuerdas; cordel, mecate, usic, cadena, cuerda, enhebrar

frighten - asustar; atemorizar

"It is eight o'clock now," I said, glancing at my watch.

glancing - echando un vistazo; (glance); ojear, echar un vistazo, mirar

"Yes. He will probably be here in a few minutes. Open the door slightly. That will do. Now put the key on the inside. Thank you! This is a queer old book I picked up at a stall yesterday-'De Jure inter Gentes'-published in Latin at Liege in the Lowlands, in 1642. Charles'head was still firm on his shoulders when this little brown-backed volume was struck off."

stall - parar; compartimento

inter - enterrar

published - publicado; publicar, divulgar

Liege - lieja; senor feudal, vasallo

lowlands - las tierras bajas; tierra baja

Charles - Carlos

firm - firma; firme, sólido

volume - volumen

"Who is the printer?"

printer - impresor, impresora; (print); imprimir

"Philippe de Croy, whoever he may have been. On the fly-leaf, in very faded ink, is written 'Ex libris Guliolmi Whyte.'I wonder who William Whyte was. Some pragmatical seventeenth century lawyer, I suppose. His writing has a legal twist about it. Here comes our man, I think."

Whoever - a quién; cualquier, cualesquiera, cualquiera, quien

faded - desvanecido; apagarse, debilitarse; destenir

libris - ibris

William - Guillermo

pragmatical - Pragmático

seventeenth - decimoséptimo, diecisieteavo

lawyer - abogado, abogada, letrado

twist - giro; torcer, sacar punta a, torcerse

As he spoke there was a sharp ring at the bell. Sherlock Holmes rose softly and moved his chair in the direction of the door. We heard the servant pass along the hall, and the sharp click of the latch as she opened it.

softly - suavemente, inaudiblemente, silenciosamente

servant - sirviente, criado, mozo, doméstico

pass - pasar(por), dejar atrás

click - clic

latch - picaporte; pestillo

"Does Dr. Watson live here?" asked a clear but rather harsh voice. We could not hear the servant's reply, but the door closed, and some one began to ascend the stairs. The footfall was an uncertain and shuffling one. A look of surprise passed over the face of my companion as he listened to it. It came slowly along the passage, and there was a feeble tap at the door.

harsh - áspero, duro, severo, despotricar

ascend - subir, ascender

footfall - pisada; panish: t-needed

shuffling - barajando; (shuffle); barajar, mezclar, barajear, arrastrar

passed over - pasado por alto

tap - golpear; golpecito, palmadita

"Come in," I cried.

The old crone drew out an evening paper, and pointed at our advertisement. "It's this as has brought me, good gentlemen," she said, dropping another curtsey; "a gold wedding ring in the Brixton Road. It belongs to my girl Sally, as was married only this time twelvemonth, which her husband is steward aboard a Union boat, and what he'd say if he come 'ome and found her without her ring is more than I can think, he being short enough at the best o'times, but more especially when he has the drink.

crone - crona; bruja

pointed at - Apuntar a

gentlemen - caballeros; caballero, senores

curtsey - reverencia, inclinarse, hacer una reverencia

sally - salida

twelvemonth - doce meses

steward - camarero; administrador, gestor, representante, apoderado, mozo

aboard - a bordo, a bordo de

Union - unión

ome - me

especially - especialmente, sobre todo, máxime, más

If it please you, she went to the circus last night along with--"

circus - circo

"Is that her ring?" I asked.

"The Lord be thanked!" cried the old woman; "Sally will be a glad woman this night. That's the ring."

Lord - senor; castellano, senor

Glad - feliz, alegre, contento

"And what may your address be?" I inquired, taking up a pencil.

taking up - tomando

"13, Duncan Street, Houndsditch. A weary way from here."

weary - cansado, cansino, cansar

"The Brixton Road does not lie between any circus and Houndsditch," said Sherlock Holmes sharply.

sharply - Agudamente

The old woman faced round and looked keenly at him from her little red-rimmed eyes. "The gentleman asked me for my address," she said. "Sally lives in lodgings at 3, Mayfield Place, Peckham."

keenly - con entusiasmo

rimmed - con borde; (rueda) llanta; borde, canto

"And your name is--?"

"My name is Sawyer-her's is Dennis, which Tom Dennis married her-and a smart, clean lad, too, as long as he's at sea, and no steward in the company more thought of; but when on shore, what with the women and what with liquor shops--"

Sawyer - aserrador

on shore - en la orilla

liquor - jugo, licor

"Here is your ring, Mrs. Sawyer," I interrupted, in obedience to a sign from my companion; "it clearly belongs to your daughter, and I am glad to be able to restore it to the rightful owner."

Mrs - Senor

obedience - obediencia

restore - restablecer, restaurar

rightful - derecho; legítimo

With many mumbled blessings and protestations of gratitude the old crone packed it away in her pocket, and shuffled off down the stairs. Sherlock Holmes sprang to his feet the moment that she was gone and rushed into his room. He returned in a few seconds enveloped in an ulster and a cravat. "I'll follow her," he said, hurriedly; "she must be an accomplice, and will lead me to him. Wait up for me." The hall door had hardly slammed behind our visitor before Holmes had descended the stair.

mumbled - murmuró; mascullar, mascujar, susurrar, mascujada

blessings - bendiciones; bendición

protestations - Protesta

shuffled - barajado; barajar, mezclar, barajear, arrastrar

rushed - apurado; precipitarse, lanzarse, correr, ir rápidamente

enveloped - envuelto; envolver

cravat - corbata; mascada

lead - llevar; liderar; guiar, dirigir; provocar; encabezar; principal; plomo

slammed - golpeado; cerrar de golpe

descended - descendió; descender, bajar

looking through the window I could see her walking feebly along the other side, while her pursuer dogged her some little distance behind. "Either his whole theory is incorrect," I thought to myself, "or else he will be led now to the heart of the mystery." There was no need for him to ask me to wait up for him, for I felt that sleep was impossible until I heard the result of his adventure.

looking through - revisar, buscar entre; mirar sin ver, ignorar; mirar por

feebly - Tímidamente

distance - distancia, lejanía, distanciarse, alejarse

incorrect - incorrecto

impossible - imposible, insoportable, imposible

adventure - aventura

It was close upon nine when he set out. I had no idea how long he might be, but I sat stolidly puffing at my pipe and skipping over the pages of Henri Murger's "Vie de Bohčme." Ten o'clock passed, and I heard the footsteps of the maid as they pattered off to bed. Eleven, and the more stately tread of the landlady passed my door, bound for the same destination.

stolidly - con firmeza

puffing - resoplando; (puff) resoplando

skipping - saltando; saltar

vie - rivalizar, rivalejar

maid - mucama; doncella, senorita, doméstica, empleada doméstica

pattered - patinado; repiquetear, golpear, corretear

off to bed - se va a la cama

stately - enorial; majestuoso

tread - pisada; pisar, pisotear, hollar

bound - atado; (bind); atar, atar (tie), empastar (books), liar

It was close upon twelve before I heard the sharp sound of his latch-key. The instant he entered I saw by his face that he had not been successful. Amusement and chagrin seemed to be struggling for the mastery, until the former suddenly carried the day, and he burst into a hearty laugh.

successful - éxito; exitoso, logrado, afortunado

amusement - divertimiento, esparcimiento, diversión

chagrin - disgusto, pesar, mortificar

struggling - con dificultades; (struggle); lucha, forcejeo, brega, luchar

mastery - dominio, maestría

burst - reventar, romper, ráfaga, estallo, reventón

hearty - corazonoso; carinoso, de corazón, cordial, corpulento, nutritivo

"I wouldn't have the Scotland Yarders know it for the world," he cried, dropping into his chair; "I have chaffed them so much that they would never have let me hear the end of it. I can afford to laugh, because I know that I will be even with them in the long run."

chaffed - rasgado; paja, barcia, exico, pienso

afford - pagar; costear, permitirse

"What is it then?" I asked.

"Oh, I don't mind telling a story against myself. That creature had gone a little way when she began to limp and show every sign of being foot-sore. Presently she came to a halt, and hailed a four-wheeler which was passing. I managed to be close to her so as to hear the address, but I need not have been so anxious, for she sang it out loud enough to be heard at the other side of the street, 'Drive to 13, Duncan Street, Houndsditch,'she cried. This begins to look genuine, I thought, and having seen her safely inside, I perched myself behind. That's an art which every detective should be an expert at. Well, away we rattled, and never drew rein until we reached the street in question.

I don't mind - No me importa.

creature - criatura

limp - cojea; flojo, flácido, mustio, débil

sore - dolorido; doloroso

halt - parar, detener

wheeler - Rueda

passing - pasando; pasajero, excelente, superficial, somero

managed - manejado; manejar, conseguir, lograr, apanárselas

anxious - ansioso, inquieto, deseoso

genuine - genuino, auténtico, legítimo, verdadero

perched - posado; percha

rein - rena; rienda

I hopped off before we came to the door, and strolled down the street in an easy, lounging way. I saw the cab pull up. The driver jumped down, and I saw him open the door and stand expectantly. Nothing came out though. When I reached him he was groping about frantically in the empty cab, and giving vent to the finest assorted collection of oaths that ever I listened to. There was no sign or trace of his passenger, and I fear it will be some time before he gets his fare. On inquiring at Number 13 we found that the house belonged to a respectable paperhanger, named Keswick, and that no one of the name either of Sawyer or Dennis had ever been heard of there."

lounging - Descansando; (lounge); relajarse, sala de estar, estancia

pull up - levantarse; detenerse

jumped - saltó; saltar

expectantly - A la expectativa

groping - palpar, tantear, buscar a tientas, manosear, meter mano

vent - ventilar; respiradero; rejilla de ventilación

assorted - surtido; clasificar, ordenar

collection - colección, conjunto, recogida, recolección, colecta, recaudación

oaths - juramentos; juramento, jurar

trace - rastrear; rastro, huella, vestigio, indicio

passenger - pasajero

fare - tarifa, precio del billete

inquiring - preguntando; investigar, informarse

"You don't mean to say," I cried, in amazement, "that that tottering, feeble old woman was able to get out of the cab while it was in motion, without either you or the driver seeing her?"

motion - movimiento, moción

"Old woman be damned!" said Sherlock Holmes, sharply. "We were the old women to be so taken in. It must have been a young man, and an active one, too, besides being an incomparable actor. The get-up was inimitable. He saw that he was followed, no doubt, and used this means of giving me the slip.

damned - maldito; (damn); maldecir, condenar, reprobar, maldito, puto

active - activo

besides - además; al lado de, cabe

inimitable - inimitable

It shows that the man we are after is not as lonely as I imagined he was, but has friends who are ready to risk something for him. Now, Doctor, you are looking done-up. Take my advice and turn in."

done-up - (done-up) abrochar, renovar, decorar, envolver

Take my advice - escucha mi consejo, hazme caso

turn in - acostarse, ir a la cama; devolver, entregar

I was certainly feeling very weary, so I obeyed his injunction. I left Holmes seated in front of the smouldering fire, and long into the watches of the night I heard the low, melancholy wailings of his violin, and knew that he was still pondering over the strange problem which he had set himself to unravel.

obeyed - obedecer

injunction - mandamiento judicial; requerimiento, medidas cautelares

seated - sentado; asiento, seato, sede

smouldering fire - fuego lento

wailings - aullidos

pondering - reflexionando; considerar, meditar, cavilar, discurrir, ponderar


THE papers next day were full of the "Brixton Mystery," as they termed it. Each had a long account of the affair, and some had leaders upon it in addition. There was some information in them which was new to me. I still retain in my scrap-book numerous clippings and extracts bearing upon the case. Here is a condensation of a few of them:-

termed - denominado; período, etapa

leaders - líderes; líder, dirigente, jefe, caudillo

retain - retener, detentar

scrap - chatarra; pedacito, retazo

clippings - recortes; recorte, acortamiento

extracts - extractos; extracto, fragmento, pasaje, extraer, sacar

condensation - condensación

The Daily Telegraph remarked that in the history of crime there had seldom been a tragedy which presented stranger features. The German name of the victim, the absence of all other motive, and the sinister inscription on the wall, all pointed to its perpetration by political refugees and revolutionists. The Socialists had many branches in America, and the deceased had, no doubt, infringed their unwritten laws, and been tracked down by them.

inscription - inscripción, dedicatoria

political - político

refugees - refugiados; refugiado, refugiada

revolutionists - revolucionaria

Socialists - socialistas; socialista, socialista

deceased - fallecido; fallecimiento, deceso, óbito, defunción, fallecer

infringed - nfringido; infringir

unwritten - desescribir

laws - leyes; ley

tracked down - localizado, rastreado

After alluding airily to the Vehmgericht, aqua tofana, Carbonari, the Marchioness de Brinvilliers, the Darwinian theory, the principles of Malthus, and the Ratcliff Highway murders, the article concluded by admonishing the Government and advocating a closer watch over foreigners in England.

airily - en el aire

Marchioness - marquesa

Darwinian - darwiniano, darwinista, darwiniano, darwiniana, darwinista

principles - principios; principio

highway - carretera, autopista

murders - asesinatos; asesinato, asesinar, cepillarse, devorar

admonishing - amonitorio; amonestar, reprender

advocating - defendiendo; abogado, abogada, portavoz, representante, vocero

foreigners - extranjeros; extranjero, extranjera, forastero, fuereno

The Standard commented upon the fact that lawless outrages of the sort usually occurred under a Liberal Administration. They arose from the unsettling of the minds of the masses, and the consequent weakening of all authority. The deceased was an American gentleman who had been residing for some weeks in the Metropolis. He had stayed at the boarding-house of Madame Charpentier, in Torquay Terrace, Camberwell. He was accompanied in his travels by his private secretary, Mr. Joseph Stangerson. The two bade adieu to their landlady upon Tuesday, the 4th inst., and departed to Euston Station with the avowed intention of catching the Liverpool express.

Standard - estándar, estándar, dechado, padrón, nivel

commented - comentó; comentario

lawless - sin ley; ilegal

outrages - indignaciones; atrocidad, ultraje, desafuero, atropello

liberal - liberal, liberal, libertario, libertaria

administration - administración

arose from - surgir de

unsettling - inquietante; perturbar, inquietar

minds - mentes; mente, concentración, opinión, juicio, propósito

masses - masas; montón, masa

consequent - consecuente, consecuente

weakening - ebilitamiento; debilitar, languir, debilitarse, languecer

authority - autoridad, policía, autoridades, fuerzas del orden, autorización

residing - residiendo; residir

boarding-house - (boarding-house) pensión

Madame - Senora

terrace - terraza, terrado, bancal, azotea, terraplenar, aterrazar

accompanied - acompanado; acompanar

private secretary - Secretario privado

adieu - adiós

departed - se ha ido; irse, salir, partir, panish:

avowed - confesado; confesar, admitir, reconocer

express - expresar

They were afterwards seen together upon the platform. Nothing more is known of them until Mr. Drebber's body was, as recorded, discovered in an empty house in the Brixton Road, many miles from Euston. How he came there, or how he met his fate, are questions which are still involved in mystery. Nothing is known of the whereabouts of Stangerson. We are glad to learn that Mr. Lestrade and Mr. Gregson, of Scotland Yard, are both engaged upon the case, and it is confidently anticipated that these well-known officers will speedily throw light upon the matter.

platform - programa, andén, plataforma, zapatos de plataforma

recorded - grabado; constancia (escrita); archivos; registro

fate - destino, azar

Involved - involucrado; elevar, envolver, envolverse con, involucrarse

whereabouts - dónde; paradero; (whereabout) dónde; paradero

are glad - estar contento

confidently - con confianza; confidentemente

anticipated - previsto; anticipar, prever

speedily - rápidamente

throw - lanzar, tirar

The Daily News observed that there was no doubt as to the crime being a political one. The despotism and hatred of Liberalism which animated the Continental Governments had had the effect of driving to our shores a number of men who might have made excellent citizens were they not soured by the recollection of all that they had undergone. Among these men there was a stringent code of honour, any infringement of which was punished by death.

despotism - despotismo

Liberalism - liberalismo

animated - animado, animar

Continental - continental

governments - gobiernos; gobierno, rección

effect - efecto, efectos, efectos especiales, vigencia, vigor

shores - ostas; costa, playa

excellent - excelente, sobresaliente, prominente, excelso

citizens - iudadanos; ciudadano, ciudadana

soured - agriado; agrio, ácido, acedo, acidez

recollection - Recuerdo

stringent - estricto, restrictivo, rígido, severo

code of honour - Código de honor

infringement - infracción, vulneración

punished - castigado; castigar, punir, maltratar

Every effort should be made to find the secretary, Stangerson, and to ascertain some particulars of the habits of the deceased. A great step had been gained by the discovery of the address of the house at which he had boarded-a result which was entirely due to the acuteness and energy of Mr. Gregson of Scotland Yard.

secretary - secretario, secretaria, escribanía, serpentario

ascertain - averiguar, determinar, establecer, definir

step - paso

boarded - abordado; tabla, plancha

due - debido; salir de cuentas, mérito

Sherlock Holmes and I read these notices over together at breakfast, and they appeared to afford him considerable amusement.

notices - noticias; comunicación, notificación, darse cuenta, advertir

at breakfast - en el desayuno

"I told you that, whatever happened, Lestrade and Gregson would be sure to score."

"That depends on how it turns out."

That depends - Eso depende

"Oh, Bless you, It doesn't matter in the least. If the man is caught, it will be on account of their exertions; if he escapes, it will be in spite of their exertions. It's heads I win and tails you lose. Whatever they do, they will have followers. 'Un sot trouve toujours un plus sot qui l'admire.'"

Bless you - !Jesús!, !Salud!

It doesn't matter - No importa

is caught - atrapado

escapes - se escapa; escapar, liberarse, fugarse, eludir

spite - rencor

tails - colas; cola

followers - seguidores; seguidor, seguidora, imitador

un - ONU

sot - tomador, borracho, bebedor

trouve - rouve

plus - lus; más, positivo

admire - admirar

"What on earth is this?" I cried, for at this moment there came the pattering of many steps in the hall and on the stairs, accompanied by audible expressions of disgust upon the part of our landlady.

pattering - pattering; repiquetear, golpear, corretear

audible - oíble, audible

expressions - expresiones; expresión, frase hecha

disgust - repugnar, dar asco, asquear, asco, repugnancia

"It's the Baker Street division of the detective police force," said my companion, gravely; and as he spoke there rushed into the room half a dozen of the dirtiest and most ragged street Arabs that ever I clapped eyes on.

Division - división, parte

gravely - gravemente

dozen - docena, decenas

most ragged - el más desalinado

Arabs - árabes; árabe, árabe

"'Tention!" cried Holmes, in a sharp tone, and the six dirty little scoundrels stood in a line like so many disreputable statuettes. "In future you shall send up Wiggins alone to report, and the rest of you must wait in the street. Have you found it, Wiggins?"

tone - tono

scoundrels - sinvergüenzas; bribón, canalla, bellaco, villano

disreputable - De mala reputación

statuettes - estatuillas; estatuilla

send up - parodiar, ridiculizar

"No, sir, we hain't," said one of the youths.

youths - jóvenes; juventud, adolescencia, mocedad, anos mozos, joven

"I hardly expected you would. You must keep on until you do. Here are your wages." 13 He handed each of them a shilling.

expected - esperado; esperar, checkaguardar

wages - salario; hacer (la guerra), librar, dar

shilling - chelines; chelín; (shill); testaferro, hombre de paja

"Now, off you go, and come back with a better report next time."

He waved his hand, and they scampered away downstairs like so many rats, and we heard their shrill voices next moment in the street.

waved - saludó; ola

scampered - escapó; zafarse, corretear

rats - ratas; rata

shrill - chillón; estridente

voices - voces; voz

"There's more work to be got out of one of those little beggars than out of a dozen of the force," Holmes remarked. "The mere sight of an official-looking person seals men's lips. These youngsters, however, go everywhere and hear everything. They are as sharp as needles, too; all they want is organisation."

beggars - mendigos; mendigo, mendiga, pordiosero, mendicante

Seals - sellos; sello

youngsters - jóvenes; jovenzuelo

needles - agujas; aguja, acícula

organisation - Organización

"Is it on this Brixton case that you are employing them?" I asked.

employing - empleando; contratar, emplear

"Yes; there is a point which I wish to ascertain. It is merely a matter of time. Hullo! we are going to hear some news now with a vengeance! Here is Gregson coming down the road with beatitude written upon every feature of his face. Bound for us, I know. Yes, he is stopping. There he is!"

merely - simplemente; meramente, puramente, solamente, sólo

Hullo - hola; vaya, anda

vengeance - venganza

feature - Característica, distintivo; presentar, incluir

There was a violent peal at the bell, and in a few seconds the fair-haired detective came up the stairs, three steps at a time, and burst into our sitting-room.

peal - repique, toque de campanas

"My dear fellow," he cried, wringing Holmes'unresponsive hand, "congratulate me! I have made the whole thing as clear as day."

wringing - Escurriendo; (wring) Escurriendo

congratulate - felicitar

A shade of anxiety seemed to me to cross my companion's expressive face.

shade - sombra, persiana, umbral, tono, matiz, sombrear, matizar

anxiety - zozobra, ansiedad, inquietud

expressive - expresivo

"Do you mean that you are on the right track?" he asked.

"The right track! Why, sir, we have the man under lock and key."

lock - cerradura

"And his name is?"

"Arthur Charpentier, sub-lieutenant in Her Majesty's navy," cried Gregson, pompously, rubbing his fat hands and inflating his chest.

lieutenant - teniente, lugarteniente, checklugarteniente

Majesty - majestad

Navy - marina, armada, azul marino

pompously - pomposamente

inflating - inflando; inflar, hinchar

chest - pecho

Sherlock Holmes gave a sigh of relief, and relaxed into a smile.

sigh - suspiro; suspirar

relief - alivio

"Take a seat, and try one of these cigars," he said. "We are anxious to know how you managed it. Will you have some whiskey and water?"

cigars - puros; puro, cigarro

whiskey - whisky, wiski, güisqui

"I don't mind if I do," the detective answered. "The tremendous exertions which I have gone through during the last day or two have worn me out. Not so much bodily exertion, you understand, as the strain upon the mind. You will appreciate that, Mr. Sherlock Holmes, for we are both brain-workers."

tremendous - tremendo

bodily - corporal, corpóreo, corporalmente

exertion - esfuerzo

strain - tensión; estirar, tensar

Workers - trabajadores; trabajador, obrero, obrera

"You do me too much honour," said Holmes, gravely. "Let us hear how you arrived at this most gratifying result."

honour - honor; honradez

The detective seated himself in the arm-chair, and puffed complacently at his cigar. Then suddenly he slapped his thigh in a paroxysm of amusement.

puffed - inflado; soplo, racha, ráfaga; bocanada

complacently - Complacientemente

slapped - abofeteado; bofetada, cachetada, abofetear, cachetear, golpear

thigh - muslo, muslamen

paroxysm - paroxismo

"The fun of it is," he cried, "that that fool Lestrade, who thinks himself so smart, has gone off upon the wrong track altogether. He is after the secretary Stangerson, who had no more to do with the crime than the babe unborn. I have no doubt that he has caught him by this time."

gone off - se ha ido

altogether - todos juntos; totalmente, completamente, en general, en suma

The idea tickled Gregson so much that he laughed until he choked.

tickled - cosquilla, hacer cosquillas, cosquillear

choked - ahogado; ahogar, asfixiar

"And how did you get your clue?"

"Ah, I'll tell you all about it. Of course, Doctor Watson, this is strictly between ourselves. The first difficulty which we had to contend with was the finding of this American's antecedents. Some people would have waited until their advertisements were answered, or until parties came forward and volunteered information. That is not Tobias Gregson's way of going to work. You remember the hat beside the dead man?"

strictly - estrictamente, terminantemente

contend - contender, sostener

antecedents - antecedentes; antecedente, antecedente, antepasado, ancestro

forward - hacia adelante; hacia delante

volunteered - voluntario, voluntario

"Yes," said Holmes; "by John Underwood and Sons, 129, Camberwell Road."

underwood - Subwood

Gregson looked quite crest-fallen.

crest - cornisa, cresta, cimera

"I had no idea that you noticed that," he said. "Have you been there?"


"Ha!" cried Gregson, in a relieved voice; "you should never neglect a chance, however small it may seem."

relieved - aliviado; aliviar, relevar

neglect - descuido; descuidar, negligir, desoír, hacer caso omiso

"To a great mind, nothing is little," remarked Holmes, sententiously.

sententiously - sentenciosamente

"Well, I went to Underwood, and asked him if he had sold a hat of that size and description. He looked over his books, and came on it at once. He had sent the hat to a Mr. Drebber, residing at Charpentier's Boarding Establishment, Torquay Terrace. Thus I got at his address."

size - tamano, magnitud

residing - Residuos

boarding - abordando; embarque; (board) abordando; embarque

establishment - establecimiento, establishment

thus - así

"Smart-very smart!" murmured Sherlock Holmes.

"I next called upon Madame Charpentier," continued the detective. "I found her very pale and distressed. Her daughter was in the room, too-an uncommonly fine girl she is, too; she was looking red about the eyes and her lips trembled as I spoke to her. That didn't escape my notice.

pale - pálido

distressed - angustiado; aflicción, angustia, desasosiego, ansiedad

uncommonly - inusualmente; extraordinariamente

trembled - tembló; tiritar, temblar, temblor, vibración, temblequera

escape - escapar, liberarse, fugarse, eludir

I began to smell a rat. You know the feeling, Mr. Sherlock Holmes, when you come upon the right scent-a kind of thrill in your nerves. 'Have you heard of the mysterious death of your late boarder Mr. Enoch J. Drebber, of Cleveland?'I asked.

thrill - emoción; excitar; emocionar, conmover

boarder - al embarque; panish: t-needed

"The mother nodded. She didn't seem able to get out a word. The daughter burst into tears. I felt more than ever that these people knew something of the matter.

nodded - asintió; asentir, cabecear, cabezada

Tears - lágrimas; lágrima

"'At what o'clock did Mr. Drebber leave your house for the train?'I asked.

"'At eight o'clock,'she said, gulping in her throat to keep down her agitation. 'His secretary, Mr. Stangerson, said that there were two trains-one at 9.15 and one at 11. He was to catch the first. 14

gulping - tragando; trago, glup, tragar, zampar

throat - garganta, tráquea, cuello

agitation - agitación, desasosiego, inquietud

catch - coger; pega, traba, truco, cuestión

"'And was that the last which you saw of him?'

"A terrible change came over the woman's face as I asked the question. Her features turned perfectly livid. It was some seconds before she could get out the single word 'Yes'-and when it did come it was in a husky unnatural tone.

perfectly - perfectamente

livid - lívido

husky - ronco

"There was silence for a moment, and then the daughter spoke in a calm clear voice.

"'No good can ever come of falsehood, mother,'she said. 'Let us be frank with this gentleman. We did see Mr. Drebber again.'

falsehood - falsedad

frank - franco

"'God forgive you!'cried Madame Charpentier, throwing up her hands and sinking back in her chair. 'You have murdered your brother.'

God - endiosar, idolatrar, deificar

forgive - perdonar, disculpar

throwing - Lanzamiento; (throw) Lanzamiento

sinking - se hunde; hundimiento, naufragio; (sink); hundir, sumergir

"'Arthur would rather that we spoke the truth,'the girl answered firmly.

firmly - con firmeza; firmemente

"'You had best tell me all about it now,'I said. 'Half-confidences are worse than none. Besides, you do not know how much we know of it.'

confidences - confianzas; certeza, certeza propia, certidumbre, confidencia

"'On your head be it, Alice!'cried her mother; and then, turning to me, 'I will tell you all, sir. Do not imagine that my agitation on behalf of my son arises from any fear lest he should have had a hand in this terrible affair. He is utterly innocent of it.

arises from - surgir de

utterly - Completamente

innocent - inocente

My dread is, however, that in your eyes and in the eyes of others he may appear to be compromised. That however is surely impossible. His high character, his profession, his antecedents would all forbid it.'

dread - miedo; temer, pavor, temor

compromised - comprometido; acuerdo, arreglo

forbid - prohibir, vedar, vetar, negar

"'Your best way is to make a clean breast of the facts,'I answered. 'Depend upon it, if your son is innocent he will be none the worse.'

breast - pecho, seno, teta, corazón, pechuga

"'Perhaps, Alice, you had better leave us together,'she said, and her daughter withdrew. 'Now, sir,'she continued, 'I had no intention of telling you all this, but since my poor daughter has disclosed it I have no alternative. Having once decided to speak, I will tell you all without omitting any particular.'

withdrew - se retiró; retirar(se)

disclosed - divulgado; revelar, divulgar

omitting - omitir, dejar de lado, dejarse en el tintero

"'It is your wisest course,'said I.

wisest - el más sabio; sabio

"'Mr. Drebber has been with us nearly three weeks. He and his secretary, Mr. Stangerson, had been travelling on the Continent. I noticed a "Copenhagen" label upon each of their trunks, showing that that had been their last stopping place. Stangerson was a quiet reserved man, but his employer, I am sorry to say, was far otherwise. He was coarse in his habits and brutish in his ways. The very night of his arrival he became very much the worse for drink, and, indeed, after twelve o'clock in the day he could hardly ever be said to be sober.

nearly - casi

travelling on - seguir viajanado, viajar por

Continent - continente

Copenhagen - Copenhague

label - etiqueta, rótulo, panish: t-needed

trunks - troncos; tronco, baúl, trompa

stopping place - Lugar de parada

reserved - reservado; reserva, reservar

employer - empleador

otherwise - o no; de otro

brutish - bruto; cafre

arrival - llegada, venida, arribo, arribada

hardly ever - casi nunca

sober - sobrio, sereno, apagado

His manners towards the maid-servants were disgustingly free and familiar. Worst of all, he speedily assumed the same attitude towards my daughter, Alice, and spoke to her more than once in a way which, fortunately, she is too innocent to understand. On one occasion he actually seized her in his arms and embraced her-an outrage which caused his own secretary to reproach him for his unmanly conduct.'

manners - odales; manera, modo, forma, actitud

servants - sirvientes; sirviente, criado, mozo, doméstico

disgustingly - asquerosamente

attitude - postura, actitud

fortunately - afortunadamente, dichosamente

actually - de verdad; en realidad, de hecho, realmente, de veras

embraced - abrazado; abrazar, abrazo

outrage - atrocidad, ultraje, desafuero, atropello, indignación, rabia

reproach - reproche, vergüenza, reprochar, avergonzar, echar en cara algo

conduct - conducción, conducta, guiar, dirigir, manejar, conducir

"'But why did you stand all this,'I asked. 'I suppose that you can get rid of your boarders when you wish.'

rid - cabalgar; librar

boarders - nternos; panish: t-needed

"Mrs. Charpentier blushed at my pertinent question. 'Would to God that I had given him notice on the very day that he came,'she said. 'But it was a sore temptation. They were paying a pound a day each-fourteen pounds a week, and this is the slack season.

blushed - se sonrojó; sonrojo, rubor

pertinent - atinado, pertinente

temptation - tentación

Slack - flojo

season - temporada; estación

I am a widow, and my boy in the Navy has cost me much. I grudged to lose the money. I acted for the best. This last was too much, however, and I gave him notice to leave on account of it. That was the reason of his going.'

widow - viuda, enviudar

grudged - agradecido; rencor, manía

acted - actuado; acto, ley, acción, hecho, actuar


"'My heart grew light when I saw him drive away. My son is on leave just now, but I did not tell him anything of all this, for his temper is violent, and he is passionately fond of his sister. When I closed the door behind them a load seemed to be lifted from my mind. Alas, in less than an hour there was a ring at the bell, and I learned that Mr. Drebber had returned. He was much excited, and evidently the worse for drink. He forced his way into the room, where I was sitting with my daughter, and made some incoherent remark about having missed his train. He then turned to Alice, and before my very face, proposed to her that she should fly with him. "You are of age," he said, "and there is no law to stop you. I have money enough and to spare. Never mind the old girl here, but come along with me now straight away. You shall live like a princess." Poor Alice was so frightened that she shrunk away from him, but he caught her by the wrist and endeavoured to draw her towards the door. I screamed, and at that moment my son Arthur came into the room.

drive away - alejarse en coche; ahuyentar

passionately - con pasión; apasionadamente

fond - carinoso, afectuoso

Alas - !ay!; (ala) !ay!

forced - forzado; fuerza

incoherent - incoherente, inconexo, deshilvanado, descosido

spare - de repuesto; prescindir, pasar sin

princess - princesa, infanta, princesa, checkinfanta

shrunk - ncogido; contraerse, encogerse, achicarse, mermar

wrist - muneca; muneca

screamed - gritó; grito, gritar

What happened then I do not know. I heard oaths and the confused sounds of a scuffle. I was too terrified to raise my head. When I did look up I saw Arthur standing in the doorway laughing, with a stick in his hand. "I don't think that fine fellow will trouble us again," he said. "I will just go after him and see what he does with himself." With those words he took his hat and started off down the street. The next morning we heard of Mr. Drebber's mysterious death.'

confused - confundido; confundir, confundirse, mezclar

scuffle - rina, pelea, escaramuza

terrified - aterrorizado; aterrar

raise - subir; levantar

"This statement came from Mrs. Charpentier's lips with many gasps and pauses. At times she spoke so low that I could hardly catch the words. I made shorthand notes of all that she said, however, so that there should be no possibility of a mistake."

gasps - jadeos; jadear, bocanada, calada

pauses - pausas; receso, checkdescanso, pausar, interrumpir, suspender

shorthand - taquigrafía, estenografía

"It's quite exciting," said Sherlock Holmes, with a yawn. "What happened next?"

yawn - bostezar, abrirse, bostezo

"When Mrs. Charpentier paused," the detective continued, "I saw that the whole case hung upon one point. Fixing her with my eye in a way which I always found effective with women, I asked her at what hour her son returned.

paused - receso, checkdescanso, pausar, interrumpir, suspender

fixing - Arreglando; (fix); arreglar, reparar, componer, fijar, pregar

effective - efectivo, eficaz

"'I do not know,'she answered.

"'Not know?'

"'No; he has a latch-key, and he let himself in.'

"'After you went to bed?'


"'When did you go to bed?'

"'About eleven.'

"'So your son was gone at least two hours?'


"'Possibly four or five?'

Possibly - es posible; posiblemente


"'What was he doing during that time?'

"'I do not know,'she answered, turning white to her very lips.

"Of course after that there was nothing more to be done. I found out where Lieutenant Charpentier was, took two officers with me, and arrested him. When I touched him on the shoulder and warned him to come quietly with us, he answered us as bold as brass, 'I suppose you are arresting me for being concerned in the death of that scoundrel Drebber,'he said.

arrested - arrestado; paro, arresto, detenido, parar, detener, arrestar

touched - tocado; tocar, conmover, toque, toque, tacto, pizca

warned - advertido; alertar, avisar, advertir

quietly - en silencio; mansamente, despacio

bold - osado; valiente, audaz, atrevido

scoundrel - sinvergüenza; bribón, canalla, bellaco, villano

We had said nothing to him about it, so that his alluding to it had a most suspicious aspect."

most suspicious - más sospechoso

"Very," said Holmes.

"He still carried the heavy stick which the mother described him as having with him when he followed Drebber. It was a stout oak cudgel."

stout - cerveza; sólido, fuerte

oak - roble, encina, carrasca

"What is your theory, then?"

"Well, my theory is that he followed Drebber as far as the Brixton Road. When there, a fresh altercation arose between them, in the course of which Drebber received a blow from the stick, in the pit of the stomach, perhaps, which killed him without leaving any mark.

altercation - disputa, altercado

arose - surgió; surgir, levantarse, provenir, aparecer

blow - soplar; golpe

pit - hoyo, foso, fosa

stomach - estómago, barriga, vientre

The night was so wet that no one was about, so Charpentier dragged the body of his victim into the empty house. As to the candle, and the blood, and the writing on the wall, and the ring, they may all be so many tricks to throw the police on to the wrong scent."

dragged - arrastrado; llevar a rastras

tricks - trucos; truco, artimana, enganifa, treta

"Well done!" said Holmes in an encouraging voice. "Really, Gregson, you are getting along. We shall make something of you yet."

encouraging - alentador; animar, alentar, estimular, promover, recomendar

getting along - arreglárselas, prosperar, apanarse

"I flatter myself that I have managed it rather neatly," the detective answered proudly. "The young man volunteered a statement, in which he said that after following Drebber some time, the latter perceived him, and took a cab in order to get away from him. On his way home he met an old shipmate, and took a long walk with him.

proudly - orgulloso; fieramente, orgullosamente

perceived - percibido; percibir, entender

shipmate - Companero

On being asked where this old shipmate lived, he was unable to give any satisfactory reply. I think the whole case fits together uncommonly well. What amuses me is to think of Lestrade, who had started off upon the wrong scent. I am afraid he won't make much of 15 Why, by Jove, here's the very man himself!"

satisfactory - satisfactorio

fits - encaja; sano, en forma

amuses - te divierte; entretener, distraer, divertir

It was indeed Lestrade, who had ascended the stairs while we were talking, and who now entered the room. The assurance and jauntiness which generally marked his demeanour and dress were, however, wanting. His face was disturbed and troubled, while his clothes were disarranged and untidy. He had evidently come with the intention of consulting with Sherlock Holmes, for on perceiving his colleague he appeared to be embarrassed and put out.

assurance - seguridad; certidumbre, confianza

jauntiness - juacidad; animación; vivacidad

demeanour - conducta, comportamiento

troubled - con problemas; marrón, berenjenal, dificultad, problema

disarranged - desarreglado; desordenar

untidy - desordenado; descuidado, desorganizado

perceiving - Percibiendo; (perceive); percibir, entender

be embarrassed - estar avergonzado

He stood in the centre of the room, fumbling nervously with his hat and uncertain what to do. "This is a most extraordinary case," he said at last-"a most incomprehensible affair."

fumbling - buscar/revolver a tientas/torpemente, manejar torpemente

nervously - nerviosamente

most incomprehensible - el más incomprensible

"Ah, you find it so, Mr. Lestrade!" cried Gregson, triumphantly. "I thought you would come to that conclusion. Have you managed to find the Secretary, Mr. Joseph Stangerson?"

"The Secretary, Mr. Joseph Stangerson," said Lestrade gravely, "was murdered at Halliday's Private Hotel about six o'clock this morning."


darkness - oscuridad, tinieblas

THE intelligence with which Lestrade greeted us was so momentous and so unexpected, that we were all three fairly dumfoundered. Gregson sprang out of his chair and upset the remainder of his whiskey and water. I stared in silence at Sherlock Holmes, whose lips were compressed and his brows drawn down over his eyes.

intelligence - inteligencia

momentous - rascendental; importante, crucial, memorable

unexpected - inesperado, inopinado

compressed - comprimido; comprimir

"Stangerson too!" he muttered. "The plot thickens."

"It was quite thick enough before," grumbled Lestrade, taking a chair. "I seem to have dropped into a sort of council of war."

grumbled - refunfunó; refunfunar, rezongar

Council - consejo; concejo

"Are you-are you sure of this piece of intelligence?" stammered Gregson.

stammered - tartamudeó; tartamudear, balbucir, balbucear, gaguear

"I have just come from his room," said Lestrade. "I was the first to discover what had occurred."

discover - descubrir, destapar

"We have been hearing Gregson's view of the matter," Holmes observed. "Would you mind letting us know what you have seen and done?"

"I have no objection," Lestrade answered, seating himself. "I freely confess that I was of the opinion that Stangerson was concerned in the death of Drebber. This fresh development has shown me that I was completely mistaken. Full of the one idea, I set myself to find out what had become of the Secretary. They had been seen together at Euston Station about half-past eight on the evening of the third. At two in the morning Drebber had been found in the Brixton Road. The question which confronted me was to find out how Stangerson had been employed between 8.

objection - objeción, protesta

development - desarrollo, desenvolvimiento

completely - completamente, totalmente, rematadamente, de todo punto

confronted - confrontado; enfrentar

employed - Empleado

0 and the time of the crime, and what had become of him afterwards. I telegraphed to Liverpool, giving a description of the man, and warning them to keep a watch upon the American boats. I then set to work calling upon all the hotels and lodging-houses in the vicinity of Euston. You see, I argued that if Drebber and his companion had become separated, the natural course for the latter would be to put up somewhere in the vicinity for the night, and then to hang about the station again next morning."

warning - advertencia, aviso, precaución, cuidado; (warn); alertar

lodging - alojamiento, hospedaje, encamado; (lodge); cabana, barraca

vicinity - vecindad, cercanías, inmediaciones, aproximado, aproximadamente

argued - rgumentado; argumentar, debatir, discutir

hang about - andar por; !un momento!, !espera!

"They would be likely to agree on some meeting-place beforehand," remarked Holmes.

Likely - Es probable

meeting-place - (meeting-place) lugar de encuentro

beforehand - de antemano, anticipadamente, adelantadamente, antes

"So it proved. I spent the whole of yesterday evening in making enquiries entirely without avail. This morning I began very early, and at eight o'clock I reached Halliday's Private Hotel, in Little George Street. On my enquiry as to whether a Mr. Stangerson was living there, they at once answered me in the affirmative.

proved - probado; probar

Enquiries - preguntas; inquirir

avail - aprovechar, servir

George - Jorge

affirmative - afirmativo, positivo, afirmativa

"'No doubt you are the gentleman whom he was expecting,'they said. 'He has been waiting for a gentleman for two days.'

"'Where is he now?'I asked.

"'He is upstairs in bed. He wished to be called at nine.'

wished - deseaba; deseo, gana, desear

"'I will go up and see him at once,'I said.

"It seemed to me that my sudden appearance might shake his nerves and lead him to say something unguarded. The Boots volunteered to show me the room: it was on the second floor, and there was a small corridor leading up to it. The Boots pointed out the door to me, and was about to go downstairs again when I saw something that made me feel sickish, in spite of my twenty years'experience. From under the door there curled a little red ribbon of blood, which had meandered across the passage and formed a little pool along the skirting at the other side. I gave a cry, which brought the Boots back. He nearly fainted when he saw it.

sudden - de repente; repentino, súbito, brusco

shake - agitar, sacudir, checksacudir, sacudida, batido

lead - plomo; llevar, conducir

second floor - Segundo piso

go downstairs - bajar las escaleras

sickish - Enfermo

Experience - experiencia, vivencia, experimentar, vivir

curled - rizado; rizo, bucle, flexión

ribbon - cinta, mono, lazo, galón

meandered - deambuló; meandro

cry - llorar, gritar, panish: t-needed

fainted - desmayado; débil, tenue

The door was locked on the inside, but we put our shoulders to it, and knocked it in. The window of the room was open, and beside the window, all huddled up, lay the body of a man in his nightdress. He was quite dead, and had been for some time, for his limbs were rigid and cold. When we turned him over, the Boots recognized him at once as being the same gentleman who had engaged the room under the name of Joseph Stangerson. The cause of death was a deep stab in the left side, which must have penetrated the heart. And now comes the strangest part of the affair. What do you suppose was above the murdered man?"

locked - cerrado; cerradura

huddled up - acurrucarse

nightdress - Camisón

cause - por qué; causa, causar

stab - apunalar

penetrated - penetrado; penetrar

Strangest - lo más extrano; extrano, raro, anormal, desconocido

I felt a creeping of the flesh, and a presentiment of coming horror, even before Sherlock Holmes answered.

creeping - reptando; reptar, hormigueo, fatiga

flesh - carne, pellejo, descarnar

"The word RACHE, written in letters of blood," he said.

"That was it," said Lestrade, in an awe-struck voice; and we were all silent for a while.

awe - pavor, temor, medrosía, asombro, asombrar, abrumar

There was something so methodical and so incomprehensible about the deeds of this unknown assassin, that it imparted a fresh ghastliness to his crimes. My nerves, which were steady enough on the field of battle tingled as I thought of it.

methodical - metódico

deeds - hechos; hecho, acto, acción, obra, hazana

unknown - ignoto, desconocido, incógnita, desconocido

assassin - asesino, asesina

imparted - mpartido; impartir

ghastliness - hastliness

field - campo, agro, cancha, terreno

"The man was seen," continued Lestrade. "A milk boy, passing on his way to the dairy, happened to walk down the lane which leads from the mews at the back of the hotel. He noticed that a ladder, which usually lay there, was raised against one of the windows of the second floor, which was wide open. After passing, he looked back and saw a man descend the ladder. He came down so quietly and openly that the boy imagined him to be some carpenter or joiner at work in the hotel.

passing on - pasar; fallecer; rechazar

dairy - lácteos; granja, granja lechera, establo, lechería, mantequería

walk down - Caminar hacia abajo, bajar

mews - Miau; (mew) Miau

ladder - escalera, escalafón, carrera

wide - ancho, amplio, lateral

descend - descender, bajar

openly - abiertamente, sin tapujos, con luz y taquígrafos

Carpenter - carpintero, carpintera, ebanista

joiner - unidor; carpintero

He took no particular notice of him, beyond thinking in his own mind that it was early for him to be at work. He has an impression that the man was tall, had a reddish face, and was dressed in a long, brownish coat. He must have stayed in the room some little time after the murder, for we found blood-stained water in the basin, where he had washed his hands, and marks on the sheets where he had deliberately wiped his knife."

beyond - más allá de

reddish - rojizo, rubescente

basin - cuenca; pileta, lavabo, lavamanos, jofaina

sheets - sábanas; hoja, folio, pliego, lámina, capa, escota

deliberately - deliberadamente, concienzudamente

wiped - borrada; limpiar

knife - cuchillo, punal, acuchillar

I glanced at Holmes on hearing the description of the murderer, which tallied so exactly with his own. There was, however, no trace of exultation or satisfaction upon his face.

tallied - contado; cuenta (llevar la cuenta), registro

"Did you find nothing in the room which could furnish a clue to the murderer?" he asked.

furnish - amoblar, amueblar, suministrar, proporcionar, dotar

"Nothing. Stangerson had Drebber's purse in his pocket, but it seems that this was usual, as he did all the paying. There was eighty odd pounds in it, but nothing had been taken. Whatever the motives of these extraordinary crimes, robbery is certainly not one of them.

motives - motivos; motivo, móbil

There were no papers or memoranda in the murdered man's pocket, except a single telegram, dated from Cleveland about a month ago, and containing the words, 'J. H. is in Europe.'There was no name appended to this message."

memoranda - Memorandos

containing - conteniendo; contener, dominar

appended - anexo; agregar, anadir, adjuntar

"And there was nothing else?" Holmes asked.

"Nothing of any importance. The man's novel, with which he had read himself to sleep was lying upon the bed, and his pipe was on a chair beside him. There was a glass of water on the table, and on the window-sill a small chip ointment box containing a couple of pills."

novel - novela

sill - alféizar, umbral

chip - fichas; desportillar

ointment - pomada, ungüento

pills - píldoras; píldora, pastilla

Sherlock Holmes sprang from his chair with an exclamation of delight.

"The last link," he cried, exultantly. "My case is complete."

exultantly - exultantemente

The two detectives stared at him in amazement.

"I have now in my hands," my companion said, confidently, "all the threads which have formed such a tangle. There are, of course, details to be filled in, but I am as certain of all the main facts, from the time that Drebber parted from Stangerson at the station, up to the discovery of the body of the latter, as if I had seen them with my own eyes. I will give you a proof of my knowledge. Could you lay your hand upon those pills?"

threads - hilos; hilo, hebra, hilaza, tema, argumento, hilazón, subproceso

tangle - desorden, marana, enredo

filled in - se ha rellenado

"I have them," said Lestrade, producing a small white box; "I took them and the purse and the telegram, intending to have them put in a place of safety at the police station. It was the merest chance my taking these pills, for I am bound to say that I do not attach any importance to them."

intending - con intención; pretender, planear, intencionar, intentar

police station - la estación de policía

merest - más; simple, mero

attach - acoplar; anexar, adjuntar

"Give them here," said Holmes. "Now, Doctor," turning to me, "are those ordinary pills?"

They certainly were not. They were of a pearly grey colour, small, round, and almost transparent against the light. "From their lightness and transparency, I should imagine that they are soluble in water," I remarked.

pearly - perlado

lightness - ligereza

transparency - transparencia

soluble - soluble

"Precisely so," answered Holmes. "Now would you mind going down and fetching that poor little devil of a terrier which has been bad so long, and which the landlady wanted you to put out of its pain yesterday."

precisely - exactamente; precisamente

fetching - buscando; ir por, ir a buscar, traer

I went downstairs and carried the dog upstair in my arms. It's laboured breathing and glazing eye showed that it was not far from its end. Indeed, its snow-white muzzle proclaimed that it had already exceeded the usual term of canine existence. I placed it upon a cushion on the rug.

went downstairs - Bajó las escaleras

upstair - Arriba

laboured - trabajo, campesinos, trabajadores, parto, trabajar

breathing - respirando; respiración; (breath); respiración, aliento, respiro

Snow-White - (Snow-White) Blancanieves

muzzle - bocina; hocico, bozal, boca, amordazar, censurar

proclaimed - proclamado; proclamar

exceeded - excedido; sobrepasar, pasarse, exceder

term - término; período, etapa

canine - canino, perruno

cushion - cojín, almohadón, colchón, amortiguante, banda, amortiguar

rug - tapete, alfombra, alfombrilla

"I will now cut one of these pills in two," said Holmes, and drawing his penknife he suited the action to the word. "One half we return into the box for future purposes. The other half I will place in this wine glass, in which is a teaspoonful of water. You perceive that our friend, the Doctor, is right, and that it readily dissolves."

penknife - cuchillo; navaja, cortaplumas

suited - adecuado; traje, terno, palo, convenir

teaspoonful - cucharadita

readily - listo; fácilmente, en seguida, pronto

dissolves - se disuelve; disolver

"This may be very interesting," said Lestrade, in the injured tone of one who suspects that he is being laughed at, "I cannot see, however, what it has to do with the death of Mr. Joseph Stangerson."

suspects - sospechosos; barruntar, sospechar, sospechoso

"Patience, my friend, patience! You will find in time that it has everything to do with it. I shall now add a little milk to make the mixture palatable, and on presenting it to the dog we find that he laps it up readily enough."

palatable - sabroso, apetecible, regular

As he spoke he turned the contents of the wine glass into a saucer and placed it in front of the terrier, who speedily licked it dry. Sherlock Holmes'earnest demeanour had so far convinced us that we all sat in silence, watching the animal intently, and expecting some startling effect.

saucer - plato; platillo

licked - lamido; lamer

dry - seco, secarse, enjugar

None such appeared, however. The dog continued to lie stretched upon tho 16 cushion, breathing in a laboured way, but apparently neither the better nor the worse for its draught.

tho - Qué

draught - de barril; dama

Holmes had taken out his watch, and as minute followed minute without result, an expression of the utmost chagrin and disappointment appeared upon his features. He gnawed his lip, drummed his fingers upon the table, and showed every other symptom of acute impatience. So great was his emotion, that I felt sincerely sorry for him, while the two detectives smiled derisively, by no means displeased at this check which he had met.

disappointment - decepción, desilusión, chasco

gnawed - roído; roer

lip - labio, labro

drummed - tambor

symptom - síntoma

acute - agudo, perspicaz, sagaz, grave

Impatience - impaciencia

emotion - afecto, emoción

sincerely - sinceramente

"It can't be a coincidence," he cried, at last springing from his chair and pacing wildly up and down the room; "it is impossible that it should be a mere coincidence. The very pills which I suspected in the case of Drebber are actually found after the death of Stangerson. And yet they are inert. What can it mean? Surely my whole chain of reasoning cannot have been false. It is impossible! And yet this wretched dog is none the worse. Ah, I have it!

coincidence - coincidencia, casualidad

pacing - itmo; paso

wildly - alocadamente, salvajemente

inert - inerte

I have it!" With a perfect shriek of delight he rushed to the box, cut the other pill in two, dissolved it, added milk, and presented it to the terrier. The unfortunate creature's tongue seemed hardly to have been moistened in it before it gave a convulsive shiver in every limb, and lay as rigid and lifeless as if it had been struck by lightning.

shriek - gritar; alarido, chillido, chillar

pill - píldora, pastilla

Dissolved - disuelto; disolver

moistened - umedecido; humedecer, mojar, humedecerse, mojarse

convulsive - convulsivo, convulso

shiver - tiritando; temblar, tiritar, estremecerse

limb - miembro

lifeless - exánime, sin vida, inánime

lightning - un rayo; relámpago, rayo

Sherlock Holmes drew a long breath, and wiped the perspiration from his forehead. "I should have more faith," he said; "I ought to know by this time that when a fact appears to be opposed to a long train of deductions, it invariably proves to be capable of bearing some other interpretation.

perspiration - sudor

Faith - fe, confianza

be opposed to - oponerse a

proves - prueba; probar

capable - capaz

interpretation - interpretación, apreciación

Of the two pills in that box one was of the most deadly poison, and the other was entirely harmless. I ought to have known that before ever I saw the box at all."

deadly - mortal, letal, mortífero

harmless - inocuo, inofensivo

This last statement appeared to me to be so startling, that I could hardly believe that he was in his sober senses. There was the dead dog, however, to prove that his conjecture had been correct. It seemed to me that the mists in my own mind were gradually clearing away, and I began to have a dim, vague perception of the truth.

senses - sentidos; sentido, sensación, significado, acepción

mists - nieblas; neblina

clearing away - despejando

dim - débil, ténue

perception - percepción

"All this seems strange to you," continued Holmes, "because you failed at the beginning of the inquiry to grasp the importance of the single real clue which was presented to you. I had the good fortune to seize upon that, and everything which has occurred since then has served to confirm my original supposition, and, indeed, was the logical sequence of it. Hence things which have perplexed you and made the case more obscure, have served to enlighten me and to strengthen my conclusions. It is a mistake to confound strangeness with mystery.

grasp - agarrar, asir, comprender, asimiento, comprensión, alcance

Fortune - fortuna

confirm - confirmar

original - original, original, único

supposition - suposición

logical sequence - secuencia lógica

hence - de aquí, por lo tanto, por eso, de ahí

perplexed - perplejo; confundir, desconcertar

strengthen - fortalecer, animar

Confound - confundir, empeorar

strangeness - extraneza; rareza, extraneza, extranez

The most commonplace crime is often the most mysterious because it presents no new or special features from which deductions may be drawn. This murder would have been infinitely more difficult to unravel had the body of the victim been simply found lying in the roadway without any of those outré and sensational accompaniments which have rendered it remarkable. These strange details, far from making the case more difficult, have really had the effect of making it less so."

most mysterious - el más misterioso

infinitely - infinitamente

outré - extravagante

accompaniments - acompanamientos; acompanamiento

rendered - rendido; dejar, volver

Mr. Gregson, who had listened to this address with considerable impatience, could contain himself no longer. "look here, Mr. Sherlock Holmes," he said, "we are all ready to acknowledge that you are a smart man, and that you have your own methods of working. We want something more than mere theory and preaching now, though. It is a case of taking the man. I have made my case out, and it seems I was wrong.

contain - contiene; contener, dominar

look here - mira aquí

acknowledge - reconocer, acusar recibo

methods - métodos; método, forma

preaching - Predicando; (preach); predicar

Young Charpentier could not have been engaged in this second affair. Lestrade went after his man, Stangerson, and it appears that he was wrong too. You have thrown out hints here, and hints there, and seem to know more than we do, but the time has come when we feel that we have a right to ask you straight how much you do know of the business. Can you name the man who did it?"

hints - sugerencias; pista, indicio, indirecta, buscapié, toque

"I cannot help feeling that Gregson is right, sir," remarked Lestrade. "We have both tried, and we have both failed. You have remarked more than once since I have been in the room that you had all the evidence which you require. Surely you will not withhold it any longer."

require - necesitas; requerir, necesitar

withhold - retener, negar, rehusar

"Any delay in arresting the assassin," I observed, "might give him time to perpetrate some fresh atrocity."

delay - retraso; aplazar, retrasar

perpetrate - perpetrar

atrocity - atrocidad

Thus pressed by us all, Holmes showed signs of irresolution. He continued to walk up and down the room with his head sunk on his chest and his brows drawn down, as was his habit when lost in thought.

pressed - presionado; apretar, presionar

irresolution - irresolución

walk up - caminar hacia arriba, subir

sunk - Hundido; (sink); hundir, sumergir, sumergirse, lavamanos

"There will be no more murders," he said at last, stopping abruptly and facing us. "You can put that consideration out of the question. You have asked me if I know the name of the assassin. I do. The mere knowing of his name is a small thing, however, compared with the power of laying our hands upon him. This I expect very shortly to do. I have good hopes of managing it through my own arrangements; but it is a thing which needs delicate handling, for we have a shrewd and desperate man to deal with, who is supported, as I have had occasion to prove, by another who is as clever as himself. As long as this man has no idea that anyone can have a clue there is some chance of securing him; but if he had the slightest suspicion, he would change his name, and vanish in an instant among the four million inhabitants of this great city. Without meaning to hurt either of your feelings, I am bound to say that I consider these men to be more than a match for the official force, and that is why I have not asked your assistance.

abruptly - de repente; abruptamente, precipitadamente

consideration - consideración

shortly - pronto, en breve

managing - gestionando; manejar, conseguir, lograr, apanárselas

arrangements - arreglos; arreglo, disposición, preparativos, planes, arreglo

handling - manipulación; (handle) manipulación

shrewd - perspicaz, astuto

supported - con apoyo; aguantar, sostener

securing - asegurando; seguro, resguardado, confiable, aplomado

slightest - lo más mínimo; insignificante, leve, ligero, falta de respeto

vanish - desvanecerse, desaparecer, anularse

inhabitants - habitantes; habitante, residente, lugareno, lugarena

hurt - doler, lastimar, hacer dano, herido, dolido

feelings - Sentimientos

assistance - asistencia

If I fail I shall, of course, incur all the blame due to this omission; but that I am prepared for. At present I am ready to promise that the instant that I can communicate with you without endangering my own combinations, I shall do so."

fail - fracasar

incur - incurrir

omission - omisión

promise - promesa, prometer

communicate - comunicarse; comunicar, compartir, comulgar

combinations - combinaciones; combinación

Gregson and Lestrade seemed to be far from satisfied by this assurance, or by the depreciating allusion to the detective police. The former had flushed up to the roots of his flaxen hair, while the other's beady eyes glistened with curiosity and resentment.

allusion - alusión

roots - raíces; raíz

glistened - brillaba; relucir, rielar

resentment - resentimiento, animadversión, animosidad, rencor

Neither of them had time to speak, however, before there was a tap at the door, and the spokesman of the street Arabs, young Wiggins, introduced his insignificant and unsavoury person.

spokesman - portavoz, vocero, vocera

insignificant - insignificante, oscuro, desestimable

unsavoury - repugnante, asqueroso, desagradable

"Please, sir," he said, touching his forelock, "I have the cab downstairs."

touching - Tocando; (touch); tocar, conmover, toque, toque, tacto, pizca

forelock - Pelo

"Good boy," said Holmes, blandly. "Why don't you introduce this pattern at Scotland Yard?" he continued, taking a pair of steel handcuffs from a drawer. "See how beautifully the spring works. They fasten in an instant."

pattern - molde, patrón, modelo, diseno, estampado

of steel - de acero

handcuffs - esposas, esposar

drawer - cajón

beautifully - bonito; bellamente

fasten - atar, abrochar

"The old pattern is good enough," remarked Lestrade, "if we can only find the man to put them on."

"Very good, very good," said Holmes, smiling. "The cabman may as well help me with my boxes. Just ask him to step up, Wiggins."

I was surprised to find my companion speaking as though he were about to set out on a journey, since he had not said anything to me about it. There was a small portmanteau in the room, and this he pulled out and began to strap. He was busily engaged at it when the cabman entered the room.

pulled - sacado; tirar, jalar, halar, tirón, ligar

strap - correa, cincha, tirante

"Just give me a help with this buckle, cabman," he said, kneeling over his task, and never turning his head.

buckle - hebilla

task - tarea

The fellow came forward with a somewhat sullen, defiant air, and put down his hands to assist. At that instant there was a sharp click, the jangling of metal, and Sherlock Holmes sprang to his feet again.

sullen - hosco, hurano, sombrío, lento

defiant - desafiante, fresco, contestatario

jangling - Tintineo; (jangle) Tintineo

metal - metal

"Gentlemen," he cried, with flashing eyes, "let me introduce you to Mr. Jefferson Hope, the murderer of Enoch Drebber and of Joseph Stangerson."

flashing - parpadeando; impermeabilización, flaseo

The whole thing occurred in a moment-so quickly that I had no time to realize it. I have a vivid recollection of that instant, of Holmes'triumphant expression and the ring of his voice, of the cabman's dazed, savage face, as he glared at the glittering handcuffs, which had appeared as if by magic upon his wrists. For a second or two we might have been a group of statues. Then, with an inarticulate roar of fury, the prisoner wrenched himself free from Holmes's grasp, and hurled himself through the window. Woodwork and glass gave way before him; but before he got quite through, Gregson, Lestrade, and Holmes sprang upon him like so many staghounds. He was dragged back into the room, and then commenced a terrific conflict.

vivid - vívida; vívido, vivo

triumphant - triunfante, triunfador

dazed - turdido; aturdimiento, aturdir, encandilar

savage - salvaje

glared - miró; mirada fulminante

glittering - resplandeciente; chispeante; (glitter); brillo, purpurina

magic - magia, mágico, embrujar

statues - estatuas; estatua

roar - rugir, bramar, rugido, bramido

wrenched - desgarrado; arrancar

hurled - lanzado; arrojar, lanzar, tirar, proyectar, volver

woodwork - maderamen, maderaje, carpintería, carpintería

gave way - ceder el paso

commenced - comenzado; comenzar, empezar, iniciar, principiar

terrific - fantástico; estupendo

conflict - conflicto, discrepancia, discrepar, estar renido, coincidir

So powerful and so fierce was he, that the four of us were shaken off again and again. He appeared to have the convulsive strength of a man in an epileptic fit. His face and hands were terribly mangled by his passage through the glass, but loss of blood had no effect in diminishing his resistance. It was not until Lestrade succeeded in getting his hand inside his neckcloth and half-strangling him that we made him realize that his struggles were of no avail; and even then we felt no security until we had pinioned his feet as well as his hands. That done, we rose to our feet breathless and panting.

powerful - poderoso

fierce - fiero, feroz, enconado

shaken off - Sacudido

epileptic - epiléptico

Terribly - terriblemente; rematadamente

mangled - destrozado; destrozar, despedazar, aplastar

loss of blood - Pérdida de sangre

diminishing - disminuyendo; (diminish); disminuir, diminuir, disminuirse

resistance - resistencia

neckcloth - Cuello

strangling - Estrangulamiento; (strangle); estrangular

struggles - luchas; lucha, forcejeo, brega, luchar, esforzarse con denuedo

Security - seguridad, confianza, garantía, prenda

pinioned - pinón

breathless - jadeante, sin aliento

panting - Jadeando; (pant) Jadeando

"We have his cab," said Sherlock Holmes. "It will serve to take him to Scotland Yard. And now, gentlemen," he continued, with a pleasant smile, "we have reached the end of our little mystery. You are very welcome to put any questions that you like to me now, and there is no danger that I will refuse to answer them."

serve - servicio, servir, desempenar, fungir, operar, cernir

danger - peligro; (dang); peligro

refuse - rechazar; negarse (a)

PART II. The Country of the Saints.

Saints - santos; San, Santa, Santo


Alkali - álcali

IN the central portion of the great North American Continent there lies an arid and repulsive desert, which for many a long year served as a barrier against the advance of civilisation. From the Sierra Nevada to Nebraska, and from the Yellowstone River in the north to the Colorado upon the south, is a region of desolation and silence. Nor is Nature always in one mood throughout this grim district.

central - central

lies - mentiras; mentira

arid - árido

repulsive - repulsivo

desert - desierto; abandonar

barrier - barrera, límite

advance - avanzar, progresar, avance, progreso, adelanto, avance

civilisation - ivilización

Nevada - Nevada

Nebraska - Nebraska

Yellowstone - A Yellowstone

Colorado - Colorado

region - región

mood - estado de ánimo; humor

throughout - en todo; a lo largo de, durante, de arriba abajo

district - distrito, distrito

It comprises snow-capped and lofty mountains, and dark and gloomy valleys. There are swift-flowing rivers which dash through jagged cańons; and there are enormous plains, which in winter are white with snow, and in summer are grey with the saline alkali dust. They all preserve, however, the common characteristics of barrenness, inhospitality, and misery.

comprises - comprender

capped - tapado; gorra

gloomy - lúgubre; lóbrego, sombrío

valleys - valles; valle

swift - rápido, veloz, célere, pronto

flowing - fluyendo; fluir

Dash - raya, guion largo, carrerita, gota, pizca, lanzarse, romper

jagged - irregular, dentado, mellado; (jag) irregular, dentado, mellado

cańons - anones

enormous - enorme, ingente

plains - lanuras; sencillo; liso; sin ornamentos; llano (persona)

saline - salino

preserve - mermelada, reserva, reserva natural, coto, terreno, dominio

characteristics - características; característico, característica

inhospitality - inhospitalidad

misery - miseria, sinvivir, desgracia, desdicha, infortunio

There are no inhabitants of this land of despair. A band of Pawnees or of Blackfeet may occasionally traverse it in order to reach other hunting-grounds, but the hardiest of the braves are glad to lose sight of those awesome plains, and to find themselves once more upon their prairies.

traverse - atravesar, recorrer

reach - llegar (a)

hunting - Cazar; (hunt); cazar, buscar, caza

grounds - uelo

hardiest - el más duro; robusto, resistente

braves - valientes; valiente, valeroso, corajudo

awesome - impresionante; tremendo, piola

prairies - praderas; pradera

The coyote skulks among the scrub, the buzzard flaps heavily through the air, and the clumsy grizzly bear lumbers through the dark ravines, and picks up such sustenance as it can amongst the rocks. These are the sole dwellers in the wilderness.

coyote - coyote

skulks - zorrillos; merodear

scrub - fregar bien, restregar

buzzard - zopilote; ratonero común, busardo

flaps - solapas; solapa; faldón

heavily - pesadamente

grizzly bear - Oso pardo

lumbers - lumbers; madera aserrada

ravines - arrancos; barranco

picks - picos; pico, ganzúa, hurgar, recoger

amongst - entre

rocks - rocas; roca

sole - suela; planta

dwellers - habitante

In the whole world there can be no more dreary view than that from the northern slope of the Sierra Blanco. As far as the eye can reach stretches the great flat plain-land, all dusted over with patches of alkali, and intersected by clumps of the dwarfish chaparral bushes. On the extreme verge of the horizon lie a long chain of mountain peaks, with their rugged summits flecked with snow.

Northern - septentrional, norteno, boreal

slope - pendiente, cuesta, desnivel, inclinación, ojo chueco, chuequito

stretches - estiramientos; estirar, estirarse, dar, extenderse, estirón

dusted - desempolvado; polvo, desempolvar, limpiar el polvo, espolvorear

patches - parches; remiendo, parche

intersected - se cruzaron; intersecar

clumps - grumos; grumo, matorral, mechón, plop, amontonar, marchar

chaparral - el chaparral; chaparral

bushes - arbustos; arbusto

extreme - extremo

verge - margen, borde; arcén

horizon - horizonte

peaks - picos; pico, cumbre

rugged - robusto; escabroso, accidentado; (rug); tapete, alfombra

summits - umbres; cumbre, cima, cúspide; punto álgido

flecked - manchado; mota, salpicadura

In this great stretch of country there is no sign of life, nor of anything appertaining to life. There is no bird in the steel-blue heaven, no movement upon the dull, grey earth-above all, there is absolute silence. Listen as one may, there is no shadow of a sound in all that mighty wilderness; nothing but silence-complete and heart-subduing silence.

stretch - estirar, estirarse, dar, extenderse, estirón, estiramiento

sign of life - senal de vida

steel - acero

movement - movimiento

absolute - absoluto, completo, pleno

shadow - sombra

mighty - poderoso

subduing - sometiendo; someter, doblegar, domenar, debelar

It has been said there is nothing appertaining to life upon the broad plain. That is hardly true. Looking down from the Sierra Blanco, one sees a pathway traced out across the desert, which winds away and is lost in the extreme distance. It is rutted with wheels and trodden down by the feet of many adventurers. Here and there there are scattered white objects which glisten in the sun, and stand out against the dull deposit of alkali. Approach, and examine them! They are bones: some large and coarse, others smaller and more delicate.

traced out - se ha rastreado

winds - vientos; viento, aire

rutted - rutted; surco, bache

trodden - pisado; pisar, pisotear, hollar

adventurers - aventureros; aventurero, aventurera

glisten - brillar; relucir, rielar

deposit - depósito, empeno, depositar

approach - enfoque; acercarse, aproximarse

bones - huesos; hueso

more delicate - más delicado

The former have belonged to oxen, and the latter to men. For fifteen hundred miles one may trace this ghastly caravan route by these scattered remains of those who had fallen by the wayside.

oxen - Bueyes

caravan route - Ruta de la caravana

remains - resto, restos, quedarse, sobrar, restar, permanecer, continuar

Looking down on this very scene, there stood upon the fourth of May, eighteen hundred and forty-seven, a solitary traveller. His appearance was such that he might have been the very genius or demon of the region. An observer would have found it difficult to say whether he was nearer to forty or to sixty. His face was lean and haggard, and the brown parchment-like skin was drawn tightly over the projecting bones; his long, brown hair and beard were all flecked and dashed with white; his eyes were sunken in his head, and burned with an unnatural lustre; while the hand which grasped his rifle was hardly more fleshy than that of a skeleton.

demon - demonio

parchment - pergamino

tightly - con fuerza; herméticamente

beard - barba, jotera, pantalla, barbar, provocar, mortificar

dashed - dashed; raya, guion largo, carrerita, gota, pizca, lanzarse

burned - quemado; quemar

grasped - comprendido; agarrar, asir, comprender, asimiento, comprensión

rifle - fusil, rifle

fleshy - carnoso, cachetudo, carnudo, carrilludo

skeleton - esqueleto

As he stood, he leaned upon his weapon for support, and yet his tall figure and the massive framework of his bones suggested a wiry and vigorous constitution. His gaunt face, however, and his clothes, which hung so baggily over his shrivelled limbs, proclaimed what it was that gave him that senile and decrepit appearance. The man was dying-dying from hunger and from thirst.

leaned - apoyado; inclinarse

support - apoyo; aguantar, sostener

massive - masiva; masivo

framework - entramado, infraestructura, marco

wiry - enjuto; fibroso

vigorous - vigoroso

constitution - constitución, constituciones

gaunt - enjuto; demacrado, chupado, macilento

baggily - Bolsamente

shrivelled - arrugado; arrugar

senile - senil, chocho, chocheante, gagá

decrepit - decrépito, destartalado, venido a menos, ruinoso

dying - Muriendo; (dye) Muriendo

hunger - hambre

thirst - sed, hambre, ambición, ansias, tener sed, desear

He had toiled painfully down the ravine, and on to this little elevation, in the vain hope of seeing some signs of water. Now the great salt plain stretched before his eyes, and the distant belt of savage mountains, without a sign anywhere of plant or tree, which might indicate the presence of moisture. In all that broad landscape there was no gleam of hope.

toiled - trabajó; esfuerzo, labrar, trabajar

painfully - dolorosamente

ravine - barranco

elevation - elevación, alzado, altitud, checkascenso, checkelevación

belt - cinturón, cincho, cinturón de seguridad, correa, golpe, golpear

anywhere - en algún sitio; en cualquier parte, dondequiera

indicate - indicar, senalizar, panish: t-needed

moisture - humedad

landscape - paisaje, apaisado, horizontal

gleam - resplandor; relucir, brillar, destellar

North, and east, and west he looked with wild questioning eyes, and then he realised that his wanderings had come to an end, and that there, on that barren crag, he was about to die. "Why not here, as well as in a feather bed, twenty years hence," he muttered, as he seated himself in the shelter of a boulder.

wild - salvaje, bravío

realised - Te das cuenta

wanderings - vagabundeos; errabundo, andariego, errante, peripatético, vagar

barren - yermo; estéril, infértil

crag - penasco, risco

feather bed - Colchón de plumas

shelter - refugio, abrigo, amparo, asilo

boulder - piedra; penasco, pena, roca, pedrusco

Before sitting down, he had deposited upon the ground his useless rifle, and also a large bundle tied up in a grey shawl, which he had carried slung over his right shoulder. It appeared to be somewhat too heavy for his strength, for in lowering it, it came down on the ground with some little violence.

deposited - epositado; depósito, empeno, depositar

bundle - haz, atado, fajo, atar, liar

tied - atado; amarrar, atar

shawl - un chal; chal, panolón

slung - colgado; cabestrillo

lowering - Bajando; (lower) Bajando

violence - violencia

Instantly there broke from the grey parcel a little moaning cry, and from it there protruded a small, scared face, with very bright brown eyes, and two little speckled, dimpled fists.

instantly - al instante, al hilo, al tiro, instantáneamente

parcel - paquete, parcela, hatajo, embalar, parcelar

moaning - gimiendo; gemido, quejido, quejar, gemir

protruded - salió; sobresalir, protruir

scared - asustado; (scar); asustado

bright - luminoso, resplandeciente, brillante

dimpled - con hoyuelos; hoyuelo, camanance, formar hoyuelos

fists - punos; puno

"You've hurt me!" said a childish voice reproachfully.

childish - para ninos, infantil, infantiloide, pueril

reproachfully - con reproche

"Have I though," the man answered penitently, "I didn't go for to do it." As he spoke he unwrapped the grey shawl and extricated a pretty little girl of about five years of age, whose dainty shoes and smart pink frock with its little linen apron all bespoke a mother's care. The child was pale and wan, but her healthy arms and legs showed that she had suffered less than her companion.

penitently - con penitencia

extricated - extraído; librar, sacar

dainty - delicado, manoso

frock - vestido

apron - delantal, mandil

wan - pálido, macilento; débil

suffered - sufrido; sufrir, penar, empeorar

"How is it now?" he answered anxiously, for she was still rubbing the towsy golden curls which covered the back of her head.

curls - rizos; rizo, bucle, flexión

covered - cubierto; tapa, cubierta, escondrijo, guarida, tapa

"Kiss it and make it well," she said, with perfect gravity, shoving 19 the injured part up to him. "That's what mother used to do. Where's mother?"

kiss - besar

gravity - gravedad

shoving - empujones; empujar

"Mother's gone. I guess you'll see her before long."

before long - En breve

"Gone, eh!" said the little girl. "Funny, she didn't say good-bye; she 'most always did if she was just goin'over to Auntie's for tea, and now she's been away three days. Say, it's awful dry, ain't it? Ain't there no water, nor nothing to eat?"

goin - Te vas

awful - asqueroso; horrible, terrible, atroz

"No, there ain't nothing, dearie. You'll just need to be patient awhile, and then you'll be all right. Put your head up agin me like that, and then you'll feel bullier. It ain't easy to talk when your lips is like leather, but I guess I'd best let you know how the cards lie. What's that you've got?"

dearie - Querido

be patient - ser paciente

awhile - un rato, algún tiempo

bullier - bravucón, abusón, matón, abusador

"Pretty things! fine things!" cried the little girl enthusiastically, holding up two glittering fragments of mica. "When we goes back to home I'll give them to brother Bob."

enthusiastically - con entusiasmo

holding up - aguantar, sostener

fragments - fragmentos; fragmento, fragmentar

mica - mica

Bob - Beto

"You'll see prettier things than them soon," said the man confidently. "You Just wait a bit. I was going to tell you though-you remember when we left the river?"

Just wait - Esperar

bit - oco; pedacito; (bite); morder, picar, mordida, mordedura

"Oh, yes."

"Well, we reckoned we'd strike another river soon, d'ye see. But there was somethin'wrong; compasses, or map, or somethin', and it didn't turn up. Water ran out. Just except a little drop for the likes of you and-and--"

reckoned - contó; considerar

somethin - Algo

compasses - brújulas; brújula

turn up - Aparecer; subir, aumentar

"And you couldn't wash yourself," interrupted his companion gravely, staring up at his grimy visage.

"No, nor drink. And Mr. Bender, he was the fust to go, and then Indian Pete, and then Mrs. McGregor, and then Johnny Hones, and then, dearie, your mother."

Bender - doblador, dobladora, curvadora

fust - Primero

Johnny - Juanito

"Then mother's a deader too," cried the little girl dropping her face in her pinafore and sobbing bitterly.

deader - Más muerto; (dead); muerto

sobbing - sollozando; sollozo, sollozante; (sob); hdp

"Yes, they all went except you and me. Then I thought there was some chance of water in this direction, so I heaved you over my shoulder and we tramped it together. It don't seem as though we've improved matters. There's an almighty small chance for us now!"

heaved - pesado; ondular

tramped - trampeado; vagabundo, vagabunda, golfa, ramera, puta

Almighty - omnipotente, todopoderoso

"Do you mean that we are going to die too?" asked the child, checking her sobs, and raising her tear-stained face.

sobs - sollozos; hdp

tear - desgarro; lágrima

"I guess that's about the size of it."

"Why didn't you say so before?" she said, laughing gleefully. "You gave me such a fright. Why, of course, now as long as we die we'll be with mother again."

gleefully - con alegría

fright - miedo; susto

"Yes, you will, dearie."

"And you too. I'll tell her how awful good you've been. I'll bet she meets us at the door of Heaven with a big pitcher of water, and a lot of buckwheat cakes, hot, and toasted on both sides, like Bob and me was fond of. How long will it be first?"

bet - apostar

Pitcher - Cántaro

buckwheat - alforfón, trigo sarraceno

toasted - tostado; tostar

sides - lados; lado

"I don't know-not very long." The man's eyes were fixed upon the northern horizon. In the blue vault of the heaven there had appeared three little specks which increased in size every moment, so rapidly did they approach. They speedily resolved themselves into three large brown birds, which circled over the heads of the two wanderers, and then settled upon some rocks which overlooked them.

fixed - arreglado; arreglar, reparar, componer, fijar, pregar, preparar

vault - bóveda; sótano; bodega

specks - motas; manchita

resolved - resuelto; tomar la decisión de, resolver

circled - un círculo; círculo, circunferencia, esfera, curva, grupo

wanderers - vagabundos; vagabundo, nómada

They were buzzards, the vultures of the west, whose coming is the forerunner of death.

buzzards - zopilotes; ratonero común, busardo

vultures - buitres; buitre, zopilote

forerunner - precursor

"Cocks and hens," cried the little girl gleefully, pointing at their ill-omened forms, and clapping her hands to make them rise. "Say, did God make this country?"

cocks - pollas; gallo, macho

hens - gallinas; gallina

"In course He did," said her companion, rather startled by this unexpected question.

"He made the country down in Illinois, and He made the Missouri," the little girl continued. "I guess somebody else made the country in these parts. It's not nearly so well done. They forgot the water and the trees."

Illinois - Illinois

Missouri - Misuri

"What would ye think of offering up prayer?" the man asked diffidently.

offering - ofrenda; ofrecimiento; (offer) ofrenda; ofrecimiento

prayer - Oración

diffidently - con disimulo; timidez, con humildad

"It ain't night yet," she answered.

"It don't matter. It ain't quite regular, but He won't mind that, you bet. You say over them ones that you used to say every night in the waggon when we was on the Plains."

waggon - Vagón

"Why don't you say some yourself?" the child asked, with wondering eyes.

wondering - Te preguntas; (wonder); maravilla, milagro, genio, asombro

"I disremember them," he answered. "I hain't said none since I was half the height o'that gun. I guess it's never too late. You say them out, and I'll stand by and come in on the choruses."

disremember - recuerdas

gun - arma de fuego; pistola

choruses - coros; coro, estribillo, corear

"Then you'll need to kneel down, and me too," she said, laying the shawl out for that purpose. "You've got to put your Hands up like this. It makes you feel kind o'good."

kneel - arrodillarse

purpose - propósito, fin; razón

Hands up - Manos arriba

It was a strange sight had there been anything but the buzzards to see it. Side by side on the narrow shawl knelt the two wanderers, the little prattling child and the reckless, hardened adventurer. Her chubby face, and his haggard, angular visage were both turned up to the cloudless heaven in heartfelt entreaty to that dread being with whom they were face to face, while the two voices-the one thin and clear, the other deep and harsh-united in the entreaty for mercy and forgiveness. The prayer finished, they resumed their seat in the shadow of the boulder until the child fell asleep, nestling upon the broad breast of her protector.

prattling - Parloteo; (prattle); parlotear

reckless - imprudente, temerario, desconsiderado

adventurer - aventurero, aventurera

Chubby - gordito, rechoncho, regordete, morcillón

angular - angular, anguloso, esquinado, rudo

heartfelt - de corazón; sentido

entreaty - suplicas; petición, solicitud, plegaria

United - unidos; unidad

mercy - misericordia, piedad

forgiveness - perdón, misericordia

asleep - dormido

nestling - Nido; (nestle); acomodarse, acurrucarse

protector - protector, protectora, valedor

He watched over her slumber for some time, but Nature proved to be too strong for him. For three days and three nights he had allowed himself neither rest nor repose. Slowly the eyelids drooped over the tired eyes, and the head sunk lower and lower upon the breast, until the man's grizzled beard was mixed with the gold tresses of his companion, and both slept the same deep and dreamless slumber.

slumber - sueno; adormecimiento, adormilamiento, adormecer, adormilar

repose - reposo

eyelids - párpados; párpado

mixed - mezclado; mezclar

tresses - mechones; trenzada, trenza

dreamless - Sin suenos

Had the wanderer remained awake for another half hour a strange sight would have met his eyes. Far away on the extreme verge of the alkali plain there rose up a little spray of dust, very slight at first, and hardly to be distinguished from the mists of the distance, but gradually growing higher and broader until it formed a solid, well-defined cloud. This cloud continued to increase in size until it became evident that it could only be raised by a great multitude of moving creatures. In more fertile spots the observer would have come to the conclusion that one of those great herds of bisons which graze upon the prairie land was approaching him. This was obviously impossible in these arid wilds. As the whirl of dust drew nearer to the solitary bluff upon which the two castaways were reposing, the canvas-covered tilts of waggons and the figures of armed horsemen began to show up through the haze, and the apparition revealed itself as being a great caravan upon its journey for the West.

wanderer - vagabundo, nómada

awake - despierto; despertar(se)

spray - pulverizador; rociada, pulverización

distinguished - istinguido; distinguir

broader - más amplio; ancho

defined - efinido; determinar, definir, definirse, aclarar, describir

cloud - nube; nublar

increase - aumentar, acrecentar, incrementar, subir

multitude - multitud

creatures - criaturas; criatura

fertile - fértil, feraz

spots - puntos; mancha, grano, poquito, poquita, zona, paraje, lámpara

herds - ebanos; rebano, manada, piara

bisons - Bisontes

graze - pastorear; rasguno, aranazo, rasguno, pastear, apacentar, pacer

prairie - pradera

approaching - se acerca; acercarse, aproximarse

wilds - salvajes; salvaje, bravío

bluff - un farol; directo

castaways - náufragos; náufrago, apestado, apestada, marginado, marginada

reposing - reposando; reposo

canvas - lienzo; lona

tilts - se inclina; inclinar, ladear

waggons - Vagón

horsemen - jinetes; caballero, jinete

haze - niebla; neblina

apparition - aparición

itself - en sí; se, solo, a si mismo, por si mismo, sí mismo

caravan - caravana, cáfila

But what a caravan! When the head of it had reached the base of the mountains, the rear was not yet visible on the horizon. Right across the enormous plain stretched the straggling array, waggons and carts, men on horseback, and men on foot. Innumerable women who staggered along under burdens, and children who toddled beside the waggons or peeped out from under the white coverings. This was evidently no ordinary party of immigrants, but rather some nomad people who had been compelled from stress of circumstances to seek themselves a new country. There rose through the clear air a confused clattering and rumbling from this great mass of humanity, with the creaking of wheels and the neighing of horses. Loud as it was, it was not sufficient to rouse the two tired wayfarers above them.

rear - atrás; parte trasera

visible - visible

straggling - rezagado; (straggle) rezagado

array - atavío, galas, distribución, ristra, gama, vector, arreglo

carts - carros; carro, carreta

on horseback - a caballo

innumerable - innumerables; innumerable, incontable

staggered - escalonada; tambalearse

toddled - caminó; tambalearse

peeped - spiado; espiar

coverings - Cubriendo

immigrants - inmigrantes; inmigrante

nomad - nómada

compelled - obligado; obligar, forzar, compeler

stress - tensión, estrés, énfasis, tensionar, tensar, estresar, acentuar

seek - buscar

clattering - ruidos; trapalear

mass - montón, masa

humanity - la humanidad; humanidad

creaking - chirriante; crujido, crujir, chirriar, rechinar

neighing - relinchos; relincho, relinchido, relinchar

sufficient - suficiente

rouse - revivir; despertar

wayfarers - viajeros; caminante

At the head of the column there rode a score or more of grave ironfaced men, clad in sombre homespun garments and armed with rifles. On reaching the base of the bluff they halted, and held a short council among themselves.

ironfaced - Cara de hierro

clad - vestido; (clothe); vestir

sombre - sombrío, grave

garments - prendas de vestir; prenda, prenda de vestir

rifles - rifles; fusil, rifle

halted - detenido; parar, detener

among themselves - Entre sí

"The wells are to the right, my brothers," said one, a hard-lipped, clean-shaven man with grizzly hair.

lipped - de labios; labio, labro

grizzly - oso pardo

"To the right of the Sierra Blanco-so we shall reach the Rio Grande," said another.

Rio - Río

"Fear not for water," cried a third. "he who could draw it from the rocks will not now abandon His own chosen people."

he who - Él que

abandon - abandonar, dejar

"Amen! Amen!" responded the whole party.

Amen - amén

responded - respondió; responder

They were about to resume their journey when one of the youngest and keenest-eyed uttered an exclamation and pointed up at the rugged crag above them. From its summit there fluttered a little wisp of pink, showing up hard and bright against the grey rocks behind.

resume - resumen; reanudar

keenest - el más entusiasta; entusiasta

summit - cumbre, cima, cúspide; punto álgido

fluttered - leteó; ondear, aletear

wisp - brizna, mechón, voluta, jirón

At the sight there was a general reining up of horses and unslinging of guns, while fresh horsemen came galloping up to reinforce the vanguard. The word 'Redskins'was on every lip.

general - general, general

reining - reinar; rienda

unslinging - Desenganchar

guns - armas; arma de fuego; pistola

galloping - galopando; galope, galopar

reinforce - reforzar

vanguard - vanguardia

redskins - Piel roja

"There can't be any number of Injuns here," said the elderly man who appeared to be in command. "We have passed the Pawnees, and there are no other tribes until we cross the great mountains."

Injuns - Un indio

tribes - tribus; tribu

"Shall I go forward and see, Brother Stangerson," asked one of the band.

"And I," "and I," cried a dozen voices.

"Leave your horses below and we will await you here," the Elder answered. In a moment the young fellows had dismounted, fastened their horses, and were ascending the precipitous slope which led up to the object which had excited their curiosity. They advanced rapidly and noiselessly, with the confidence and dexterity of practised scouts. The watchers from the plain below could see them flit from rock to rock until their figures stood out against the skyline.

dismounted - desmontado; desmontar

fastened - sujetado; atar, abrochar

precipitous - escarpado, de cabeza, precipitado

confidence - confianza; certeza, certeza propia, certidumbre, confidencia

dexterity - destreza

scouts - exploradores; explorador

watchers - vigilantes; vigilante

flit - revolotear

Rock - roca

The young man who had first given the alarm was leading them. Suddenly his followers saw him throw up his hands, as though overcome with astonishment, and on joining him they were affected in the same way by the sight which met their eyes.

alarm - alarma, rebato, despertador, alarma, tocar a rebato

throw up - Vomitar

overcome - vencer, superar

affected - afectados; afectar

On the little plateau which crowned the barren hill there stood a single giant boulder, and against this boulder there lay a tall man, long-bearded and hard-featured, but of an excessive thinness. His placid face and regular breathing showed that he was fast asleep. Beside him lay a little child, with her round white arms encircling his brown sinewy neck, and her golden haired head resting upon the breast of his velveteen tunic. Her rosy lips were parted, showing the regular line of snow-white teeth within, and a playful smile played over her infantile features.

plateau - meseta, altiplano

crowned - coronado; corona

Hill - cerro, loma, colina, collado

giant - gigante, gigantesco

bearded - con barba; barba, jotera, pantalla, barbar, provocar, mortificar

featured - estacado; característica, atracción, atractivo, reportaje

excessive - excesivo

thinness - delgadez

placid - pacido; plácido

encircling - Rodeando; (encircle); rodear

sinewy - endinoso; correoso, fibroso

neck - cuello

resting upon - apoyarse en; depender de; basarse en

tunic - túnica

rosy - Rosa

playful - juguetón, divertido

Her plump little white legs terminating in white socks and neat shoes with shining buckles, offered a strange contrast to the long shrivelled members of her companion. On the ledge of rock above this strange couple there stood three solemn buzzards, who, at the sight of the new comers uttered raucous screams of disappointment and flapped sullenly away.

plump - relleno, regordete, rechoncho

terminating - terminar, acabar

socks - calcetines; calcetín

shining - brillante; brillar

buckles - hebillas; hebilla

offered - ofrecido; ofrecer

contrast - contraste, contrastar

ledge - repisa, alféizar, estante

solemn - solemne

comers - vienen; puntero, delantero, puntera, delantera

screams - gritos; grito, gritar

flapped - leteó; solapa; faldón

sullenly - Hoscamente

The cries of the foul birds awoke the two sleepers who stared about 20 them in bewilderment. The man staggered to his feet and looked down upon the plain which had been so desolate when sleep had overtaken him, and which was now traversed by this enormous body of men and of beasts. His face assumed an expression of incredulity as he gazed, and he passed his boney hand over his eyes. "This is what they call delirium, I guess," he muttered.

foul - falta; asqueroso, fétido

awoke - despertó; despertar(se)

sleepers - Dormir

bewilderment - desconcierto, perplejidad

desolate - desierto, desolado, devastado

overtaken - uperado; rebasar, sobrepasar, adelantar, alcanzar, superar

beasts - bestias; bestia, animal, salvaje

incredulity - incredulidad

delirium - delirio

The child stood beside him, holding on to the skirt of his coat, and said nothing but looked all round her with the wondering questioning gaze of childhood.

holding on - Aguantar

gaze - mirada; observar, mirar fijamente

The rescuing party were speedily able to convince the two castaways that their appearance was no delusion. One of them seized the little girl, and hoisted her upon his shoulder, while two others supported her gaunt companion, and assisted him towards the waggons.

rescuing - rescatar, rescate

convince - convencer

delusion - engano, ilusión, delirio, idea delirante

hoisted - izadas; izar, aparejo

assisted - asistida; ayudar, asistir

"My name is John Ferrier," the wanderer explained; "me and that little un are all that's left o'twenty-one people. The rest is all dead o'thirst and hunger away down in the south."

"Is she your child?" asked someone.

"I guess she is now," the other cried, defiantly; "she's mine 'cause I saved her. No man will take her from me. She's Lucy Ferrier from this day on. Who are you, though?" he continued, glancing with curiosity at his stalwart, sunburned rescuers; "there seems to be a powerful lot of ye."

defiantly - Desafiante

saved - salvado; salvar, rescatar, redimir, parar, ahorrar, guardar

Lucy - Lucía

sunburned - quemado por el sol; quemadura solar, quemadura de piel

rescuers - salvadores; rescatista

"Nigh upon ten thousand," said one of the young men; "we are the persecuted children of God-the chosen of the Angel Merona."

nigh - cerca, cabe, cercano

Persecuted - perseguido; perseguir

angel - ángel

"I never heard tell on him," said the wanderer. "He appears to have chosen a fair crowd of ye."

"Do not jest at that which is sacred," said the other sternly. "We are of those who believe in those sacred writings, drawn in Egyptian letters on plates of beaten gold, which were handed unto the holy Joseph Smith at Palmyra. We have come from Nauvoo, in the State of Illinois, where we had founded our temple. We have come to seek a refuge from the violent man and from the godless, even though it be the heart of the desert."

jest - bromea; broma

sacred - sagrado

sternly - con severidad

writings - escritos; (writing) escritos

Egyptian - egipcio, egipciano, egipcio, egipcia

plates - placas; plato

beaten - golpeado; batir, golpear, percutir

holy - santo, sagrado

Smith - Herrera, Herrero

Palmyra - Palmira

founded - Encontrado

Temple - templo

refuge - refugio, refugiarse

The name of Nauvoo evidently recalled recollections to John Ferrier. "I see," he said, "you are the Mormons."

recalled - recordado; recordar, evocar, retirada

recollections - Recuerdo

Mormons - mormones; Mormón

"We are the Mormons," answered his companions with one voice.

Companions - companeros; companero, companera

"And where are you going?"

"We do not know. The hand of God is leading us under the person of our Prophet. You must come before him. He shall say what is to be done with you."

prophet - profeta, profetisa

They had reached the base of the hill by this time, and were surrounded by crowds of the pilgrims-pale-faced meek-looking women, strong laughing children, and anxious earnest-eyed men. Many were the cries of astonishment and of commiseration which arose from them when they perceived the youth of one of the strangers and the destitution of the other. Their escort did not halt, however, but pushed on, followed by a great crowd of Mormons, until they reached a waggon, which was conspicuous for its great size and for the gaudiness and smartness of its appearance. Six horses were yoked to it, whereas the others were furnished with two, or, at most, four a-piece. Beside the driver there sat a man who could not have been more than thirty years of age, but whose massive head and resolute expression marked him as a leader. He was reading a brown-backed volume, but as the crowd approached he laid it aside, and listened attentively to an account of the episode.

crowds - muchas personas; multitud, muchedumbre

pilgrims - peregrinos; peregrino, colonista

meek - dócil; modesto, humilde, resignado, sumiso, manso

commiseration - conmiseración

youth - jóvenes; juventud, adolescencia, mocedad, anos mozos, joven

strangers - Extrano

destitution - destitución; indigencia

escort - acompanante; escolta, acompanante, escoltar

conspicuous - conspicuo, llamativo, ilustre, notorio

smartness - inteligencia; tienta

yoked - yugo

whereas - ientras que..; mientras que, siendo que, por cuanto, visto que

resolute - decidido; resoluto

leader - líder, dirigente, jefe, caudillo

aside - aparte, a un lado, aparte

listened attentively - escuchar con atención

Then he turned to the two castaways.

"If we take you with us," he said, in solemn words, "it can only be as believers in our own creed. We shall have no wolves in our fold. Better far that your bones should bleach in this wilderness than that you should prove to be that little speck of decay which in time corrupts the whole fruit. Will you come with us on these terms?"

believers - creyentes; creyente

creed - credo, creer; (cree); credo, creer

wolves - lobos; lobo, mujeriego, devorar, engullir

fold - doblar, plegar

bleach - blanqueador; lejía

speck - mancha; manchita

decay - decadencia; descomposición, deterioración, putrefacción

corrupts - corrupto, corromper

"Guess I'll come with you on any terms," said Ferrier, with such emphasis that the grave Elders could not restrain a smile. The leader alone retained his stern, impressive expression.

emphasis - énfasis, hincapié

elders - ancianos; mayor

restrain - retener; refrenar(se), contenerse

retained - retenido; retener, detentar

stern - severo, austero, serio

impressive - impresionante, impresionable, halagüeno

"Take him, Brother Stangerson," he said, "give him food and drink, and the child likewise. Let it be your task also to teach him our holy creed. We have delayed long enough. Forward! On, on to Zion!"

likewise - similarmente, igualmente

delayed - retrasado; aplazar, retrasar

Zion - sión; Sion

"On, on to Zion!" cried the crowd of Mormons, and the words rippled down the long caravan, passing from mouth to mouth until they died away in a dull murmur in the far distance. With a cracking of whips and a creaking of wheels the great waggons got into motion, and soon the whole caravan was winding along once more.

murmur - murmullo; soplo, murmurar

cracking - fisuras; agrietamiento; (crack) fisuras; agrietamiento

whips - látigos; fusta, látigo, flagelo, panish: t-needed

winding - Devanado; (wind) Devanado

The Elder to whose care the two waifs had been committed, led them to his waggon, where a meal was already awaiting them.

waifs - ninas; nino abandonado/desamparado

awaiting - esperando; esperar, aguantar

"You shall remain here," he said. "In a few days you will have recovered from your fatigues. In the meantime, remember that now and for ever you are of our religion. Brigham Young has said it, and he has spoken with the voice of Joseph Smith, which is the voice of God."

remain - resto, restos, quedarse, sobrar, restar, permanecer, continuar

recovered - recuperado; recuperarse

fatigues - fatiga, fatigar, acosar

for ever - para siempre

religion - religión


Utah - Utah

THIS is not the place to commemorate the trials and privations endured by the immigrant Mormons before they came to their final haven. From the shores of the Mississippi to the western slopes of the Rocky Mountains they had struggled on with a constancy almost unparalleled in history. The savage man, and the savage beast, hunger, thirst, fatigue, and disease-every impediment which Nature could place in the way, had all been overcome with Anglo-Saxon tenacity. Yet the long journey and the accumulated terrors had shaken the hearts of the stoutest among them.

commemorate - conmemorar

trials - pruebas; proceso, juicio

endured - oportado; aguantar, perdurar, tolerar, consentir, condescender

immigrant - inmigrante

Western - occidental, oesteno, western

slopes - cuestas; pendiente, cuesta, desnivel, inclinación, ojo chueco

struggled - luchado; lucha, forcejeo, brega, luchar, esforzarse con denuedo

constancy - constancia, constancia

unparalleled - sin parangón; sin par, senero

beast - bestia, animal, salvaje

fatigue - fatiga, fatigar, acosar

disease - enfermedad, dolencia

impediment - impedimento; estorbo

Saxon - sajón, sajona

tenacity - tenacidad, tesón

accumulated - acumulado; acumular, amontonar, acumularse

terrors - terrores; terror

hearts - corazones; corazón

stoutest - más fuerte; sólido, fuerte

There was not one who did not sink upon his knees in heartfelt prayer when they saw the broad valley of Utah bathed in the sunlight beneath them, and learned from the lips of their leader that this was the promised land, and that these virgin acres were to be theirs for evermore.

sink - hundir, sumergir, sumergirse, lavamanos, fregadero, desagüe

Valley - valle

sunlight - la luz del sol; luz del sol

promised - prometido; promesa, prometer

Virgin - virgen, doncel, doncella, senorita

acres - acres; acre

evermore - para siempre; siempre

Young speedily proved himself to be a skilful administrator as well as a resolute chief. Maps were drawn and charts prepared, in which the future city was sketched out. All around farms were apportioned and allotted in proportion to the standing of each individual. The tradesman was put to his trade and the artisan to his calling. In the town streets and squares sprang up, as if by magic. In the country there was draining and hedging, planting and clearing, until the next summer saw the whole country golden with the wheat crop.

administrator - administrador, administradora, albacea

chief - jefe, principal

sketched - esbozado; bosquejar, esbozar, pergenar, esbozo, bosquejo

apportioned - proporcionado; distribuir, repartir

allotted - asignado; distribuir, repartir

tradesman - obrero; artesano

Artisan - artesano, menestral

squares - cuadrados; cuadro, cuadrado, escuadra, cartabón, plaza, casilla

sprang up - brotar; aparecer; alzarse

draining - desagüe, drenaje, aliviadero, tubo abierto, sangría, drenar

hedging - cobertura; (hedge) cobertura

clearing - despejando; clarificando, desmonte, claro

wheat - trigo

crop - cultivo; cosecha

Everything prospered in the strange settlement. Above all, the great temple which they had erected in the centre of the city grew ever taller and larger. From the first blush of dawn until the closing of the twilight, the clatter of the hammer and the rasp of the saw was never absent from the monument which the immigrants erected to Him who had led them safe through many dangers.

prospered - rosperó; prosperar

settlement - poblado, asentamiento, finiquito, acuerdo

erected - rigido; erecto, erguido

blush - sonrojo, rubor

dawn - amanecer, alba, amanecer, aurora, madrugada

twilight - crepúsculo, penumbra

clatter - ruido; trapalear

hammer - martillo, percutor, malleus, martillar; (ham); martillo

rasp - Raspar

absent - ausente

monument - monumento

safe - seguro, salvo, checkseguro, caja fuerte, cofre

dangers - peligros; peligro

The two castaways, John Ferrier and the little girl who had shared his fortunes and had been adopted as his daughter, accompanied the Mormons to the end of their great pilgrimage. Little Lucy Ferrier was borne along pleasantly enough in Elder Stangerson's waggon, a retreat which she shared with the Mormon's three wives and with his son, a headstrong forward boy of twelve. Having rallied, with the elasticity of childhood, from the shock caused by her mother's death, she soon became a pet with the women, and reconciled herself to this new life in her moving canvas-covered home.

fortunes - ortunas; fortuna

adopted - adoptado; adoptar, ahijar

pilgrimage - peregrinación, peregrinaje, peregrinar

borne - soportado; aguantar, soportar

pleasantly - agradablemente

retreat - retirarse, batirse en retirada

Mormon - Mormón

headstrong - testarudo; díscolo, desconsiderado

elasticity - elasticidad

shock - conmoción, golpe

pet - animal doméstico/de companía, mascota

reconciled - reconciliado; reconciliar, avenir

In the meantime Ferrier having recovered from his privations, distinguished himself as a useful guide and an indefatigable hunter. So rapidly did he gain the esteem of his new companions, that when they reached the end of their wanderings, it was unanimously agreed that he should be provided with as large and as fertile a tract of land as any of the settlers, with the exception of Young himself, and of Stangerson, Kemball, Johnston, and Drebber, who were the four principal Elders.

Guide - guía; guiar, dirigir

indefatigable - incansable, infatigable

Hunter - cazador, perro de caza, buscador, buscadora

gain - ganar, adquirir, obtener, conseguir

unanimously - unánimemente, por unanimidad

provided with - provisto de

tract - tracto; extensión

settlers - colonos; colono, colona, colonizador, colonizadora

exception - excepción, salvedad, ofensa

On the farm thus acquired John Ferrier built himself a substantial log-house, which received so many additions in succeeding years that it grew into a roomy villa. He was a man of a practical turn of mind, keen in his dealings and skilful with his hands. His iron constitution enabled him to work morning and evening at improving and tilling his lands. Hence it came about that his farm and all that belonged to him prospered exceedingly.

substantial - sustancial, is, enjundioso, substancial

log - registro; tronco, leno

additions - adiciones; adición, anadidura, suma

succeeding - con éxito; suceder, conseguir, tener éxito, heredar

roomy - espacioso, amplio, desahogado

villa - villa, quinta, casa de campo

keen - con ganas; entusiasta

dealings - tratando

iron - hierro; férreo, planchar

enabled - habilitado; habilitar, posibilitar, activar

came about - ocurrir, suceder, desviar

exceedingly - excesivamente; extremadamente, sumamente, sobremanera, asaz

In three years he was better off than his neighbours, in six he was well-to-do, in nine he was rich, and in twelve there were not half a dozen men in the whole of Salt Lake City who could compare with him. From the great inland sea to the distant Wahsatch Mountains there was no name better known than that of John Ferrier.

lake - lago

There was one way and only one in which he offended the susceptibilities of his co-religionists. No argument or persuasion could ever induce him to set up a female establishment after the manner of his companions. He never gave reasons for this persistent refusal, but contented himself by resolutely and inflexibly adhering to his determination. There were some who accused him of lukewarmness in his adopted religion, and others who put it down to greed of wealth and reluctance to incur expense.

susceptibilities - susceptibilidades; susceptibilidad

argument - argumento

persuasion - persuasión

induce - inducir

persistent - persistente

refusal - negativa, rechazo

contented - contento; satisfecho

resolutely - Decididamente

inflexibly - inflexiblemente

adhering to - adherirse a

accused - acusado; acusar, denunciar

lukewarmness - ibieza

greed - codicia, avaricia, gula; (gree); codicia, avaricia, gula

wealth - prosperidad, riqueza

reluctance - reticencia; reluctancia

Others, again, spoke of some early love affair, and of a fair-haired girl who had pined away on the shores of the Atlantic. Whatever the reason, Ferrier remained strictly celibate. In every other respect he conformed to the religion of the young settlement, and gained the name of being an orthodox and straight-walking man.

early love - Amor precoz

love affair - una aventura amorosa

pined - pinado; alfiler

celibate - célibe

orthodox - ortodoxo

Lucy Ferrier grew up within the log-house, and assisted her adopted father in all his undertakings. The keen air of the mountains and the balsamic odour of the pine trees took the place of nurse and mother to the young girl. As year succeeded to year she grew taller and stronger, her cheek more rudy, and her step more elastic.

undertakings - mpresas; funeraria, emprendimiento

odour - olor

pine - pino

cheek - mejilla, cacha, cachete, nalga, glúteo, descoco

more elastic - más elástico

Many a wayfarer upon the high road which ran by Ferrier's farm felt long-forgotten thoughts revive in their mind as they watched her lithe girlish figure tripping through the wheatfields, or met her mounted upon her father's mustang, and managing it with all the ease and grace of a true child of the West. So the bud blossomed into a flower, and the year which saw her father the richest of the farmers left her as fair a specimen of American girlhood as could be found in the whole Pacific slope.

wayfarer - ayfarer; caminante

revive - revivir

lithe - delgado; ágil

girlish figure - figura de nina

wheatfields - campos de trigo; trigal

mounted - montado; montar

ease - facilidad; aliviar

grace - gracias, benedícite, gracia, donaire, merced

bud - colega; brote

blossomed - floreció; flor, floración, florecer

farmers - agricultores; granjero, granjera

specimen - espécimen, ejemplar

girlhood - ninez

Pacific - pacífico; pacífica

It was not the father, however, who first discovered that the child had developed into the woman. It seldom is in such cases. That mysterious change is too subtle and too gradual to be measured by dates. Least of all does the maiden herself know it until the tone of a voice or the touch of a hand sets her heart thrilling within her, and she learns, with a mixture of pride and of fear, that a new and a larger nature has awoken within her.

developed - esarrollado; desarrollar, revelar

subtle - sutil

gradual - gradual, paulatino

measured - medido; medición, medida, regla, compás, medir

maiden - doncella

thrilling - emocionante; excitar; emocionar, conmover

pride - orgullo, soberbia, cachondez, toriondez, verriondez, manada

awoken - despertado; despertar(se)

There are few who cannot recall that day and remember the one little incident which heralded the dawn of a new life. In the case of Lucy Ferrier the occasion was serious enough in itself, apart from its future influence on her destiny and that of many besides.

recall - recordar, evocar, retirada

incident - incidente

heralded - heraldo; anunciador

serious - en serio; serio

apart - aparte, separadamente

influence - influencia, influir, influenciar

destiny - destino, sino

It was a warm June morning, and the Latter Day Saints were as busy as the bees whose hive they have chosen for their emblem. In the fields and in the streets rose the same hum of human industry. Down the dusty high roads defiled long streams of heavily-laden mules, all heading to the west, for the gold fever had broken out in California, and the Overland Route lay through the City of the Elect. There, too, were droves of sheep and bullocks coming in from the outlying pasture lands, and trains of tired immigrants, men and horses equally weary of their interminable journey. Through all this motley assemblage, threading her way with the skill of an accomplished rider, there galloped Lucy Ferrier, her fair face flushed with the exercise and her long chestnut hair floating out behind her.

bees - abejas; abeja

emblem - emblema

fields - campos; campo, agro, cancha, terreno

Hum - tararear, canturrear

industry - industria

defiled - rofanar

streams - corrientes; corriente, flujo, arroyo, fluir, recibir flujo

heavily-laden - (heavily-laden) muy cargado

mules - mulas; mula

California - California

overland - Por tierra

route - ruta; camino, itinerario

elect - elegir, electo

droves - Conducir

bullocks - bullocks; buey

outlying - salir

pasture lands - pastos

interminable - interminable

motley - heterogéneo, variopinto, variado, abigarrado, mezcolanza

accomplished - cumplido; efectuar, realizar, lograr, completar

rider - jinete

galloped - galopó; galope, galopar

chestnut - castana; castana, castano, marrón

floating - flotante, flotador; (float); flotar, carroza

She had a commission from her father in the City, and was dashing in as she had done many a time before, with all the fearlessness of youth, thinking only of her task and how it was to be performed. The travel-stained adventurers gazed after her in astonishment, and even the unemotional Indians, journeying in with their pelties, relaxed their accustomed stoicism as they marvelled at the beauty of the pale-faced maiden.

commission - misión, cometido, destino, cargo, comisión, encargo, encargar

dashing - legante; raya, guion largo, carrerita, gota, pizca, lanzarse

fearlessness - sin miedo; valor, impavidez, intrepidez

be performed - realizarse

unemotional - Sin emociones

Indians - indios; indio, hindú, indígena, indio, india

stoicism - estoicismo

She had reached the outskirts of the city when she found the road blocked by a great drove of cattle, driven by a half-dozen wild-looking herdsmen from the plains. In her impatience she endeavoured to pass this obstacle by pushing her horse into what appeared to be a gap. Scarcely had she got fairly into it, however, before the beasts closed in behind her, and she found herself completely imbedded in the moving stream of fierce-eyed, long-horned bullocks. Accustomed as she was to deal with cattle, she was not alarmed at her situation, but took advantage of every opportunity to urge her horse on in the hopes of pushing her way through the cavalcade. Unfortunately the horns of one of the creatures, either by accident or design, came in violent contact with the flank of the mustang, and excited it to madness. In an instant it reared up upon its hind legs with a snort of rage, and pranced and tossed in a way that would have unseated any but a most skilful rider.

outskirts - a las afueras; afueras

blocked - bloqueado; bloque, bloque

cattle - ganado, ganado bovino

herdsmen - pastores; pastor

obstacle - obstáculo, óbice, traba, estorbo

gap - hueco, espacio, vacío; brecha

scarcely - apenas, difícilmente

hind - detrás; cierva

imbedded - incrustar

stream - corriente, flujo, arroyo, fluir, recibir flujo, (2) checkcorrer

horned - con cuernos; cuerno

alarmed - alarmado; alarma, rebato, despertador, alarma, tocar a rebato

urge - te urge; impulso, impulsar, urgir, aguijonear, apresurar

cavalcade - cabalgata; cabalgada

unfortunately - desafortunadamente, desgraciadamente, lamentablemente

horns - cuernos; cuerno

by accident - por accidente

contact - contacto, contactar, entrar en contacto con

flank - costado, flanco

madness - locura

reared - criado; parte trasera

snort - resoplar, resoplido, bufido, bufar, esnifar

rage - furia; rabia, furor

pranced - hizo cabriolas; encabritarse

tossed - lanzado; tiro, lanzamiento, lanzar una moneda al aire

unseated - Desbancar

The situation was full of peril. Every plunge of the excited horse brought it against the horns again, and goaded it to fresh madness. It was all that the girl could do to keep herself in the saddle, yet a slip would mean a terrible death under the hoofs of the unwieldy and terrified animals. Unaccustomed to sudden emergencies, her head began to swim, and her grip upon the bridle to relax. Choked by the rising cloud of dust and by the steam from the struggling creatures, she might have abandoned her efforts in despair, but for a kindly voice at her elbow which assured her of assistance. At the same moment a sinewy brown hand caught the frightened horse by the curb, and forcing a way through the drove, soon brought her to the outskirts.

peril - peligro, riesgo

plunge - saltar; lanzarse, zambullirse, tirarse de cabeza

goaded - incitado; picana, puya, aguijada

saddle - silla de montar; (bici) sillín, silla (de montar)

unwieldy - inmanejable; farragoso

unaccustomed - desacostumbrado

emergencies - emergencia, urgencia, urgencias, emergencias

grip - agarre; empunar, agarrar, aferrar, asir

bridle - brida

rising - subiendo; rebelión, levantamiento, alzamiento, ascensión

steam - Vapor; vaporear; de vapor; al vapor

abandoned - abandonado; abandonar, dejar

efforts - esfuerzos; esfuerzo

kindly - amablemente

elbow - codo, codazo, panish: t-needed

assured - asegurado; (assure); asegurar

"You're not hurt, I hope, miss," said her preserver, respectfully.

preserver - Conservador

respectfully - con respeto; respetuosamente

She looked up at his dark, fierce face, and laughed saucily. "I'm awful frightened," she said, naively; "whoever would have thought that Poncho would have been so scared by a lot of cows?"

saucily - con descaro

naively - ingenuamente

Poncho - poncho

"Thank God you kept your seat," the other said earnestly. He was a tall, savage-looking young fellow, mounted on a powerful roan horse, and clad in the rough dress of a hunter, with a long rifle slung over his shoulders. "I guess you are the daughter of John Ferrier," he remarked, "I saw you ride down from his house.

roan - Ran

rough - aspero; áspero, aproximado, aproximativo, casi, turbulento

When you see him, ask him if he remembers the Jefferson Hopes of St. Louis. If he's the same Ferrier, my father and he were pretty thick."

"Hadn't you better come and ask yourself?" she asked, demurely.

demurely - con recato

The young fellow seemed pleased at the suggestion, and his dark eyes sparkled with pleasure. "I'll do so," he said, "we've been in the mountains for two months, and are not over and above in visiting condition. He must take us as he finds us."

suggestion - sugerencia, propuesta, sugestión

condition - stado; condición, situación, acondicionar

"He has a good deal to thank you for, and so have I," she answered, "he's awful fond of me. If those cows had jumped on me he'd have never got over it."

got over - superar, recuperarse

"Neither would I," said her companion.

"You! Well, I don't see that it would make much matter to you, anyhow. You ain't even a friend of ours."

The young hunter's dark face grew so gloomy over this remark that Lucy Ferrier laughed aloud.

"There, I didn't mean that," she said; "of course, you are a friend now. You must come and see us. Now I must push along, or father won't trust me with his business any more. Good-bye!"

push - empujar

trust - confiar; confianza, crédito, fiar, consorcio, trust

"Good-bye," he answered, raising his broad sombrero, and bending over her little hand. She wheeled her mustang round, gave it a cut with her riding-whip, and darted away down the broad road in a rolling cloud of dust.

sombrero - sombrero mexicano, exico

riding-whip - (riding-whip) Látigo de montar

darted - dardo, flechilla

rolling - rodando; rolar; (roll) rodando; rolar

Young Jefferson Hope rode on with his companions, gloomy and taciturn. He and they had been among the Nevada Mountains prospecting for silver, and were returning to Salt Lake City in the hope of raising capital enough to work some lodes which they had discovered. He had been as keen as any of them upon the business until this sudden incident had drawn his thoughts into another channel. The sight of the fair young girl, as frank and wholesome as the Sierra breezes, had stirred his volcanic, untamed heart to its very depths. When she had vanished from his sight, he realized that a crisis had come in his life, and that neither silver speculations nor any other questions could ever be of such importance to him as this new and all-absorbing one.

taciturn - taciturno

prospecting - prospección; perspectiva, vista, panorama, expectativa

silver - plata

lodes - lodos; filón, veta, montón

wholesome - saludable, sano, íntegro

breezes - brisas; brisa

stirred - agitado; remover, revolver

volcanic - volcánica; volcánico

untamed - Sin domesticar

depths - profundidades; profundidad

vanished - desaparecido; desvanecerse, desaparecer, anularse

crisis - crisis

speculations - especulaciones; especulación

absorbing - absorbente; absorber

The love which had sprung up in his heart was not the sudden, changeable fancy of a boy, but rather the wild, fierce passion of a man of strong will and imperious temper. He had been accustomed to succeed in all that he undertook. He swore in his heart that he would not fail in this if human effort and human perseverance could render him successful.

changeable - cambiable, cambiante, variable

imperious - imperioso

Succeed - suceder, conseguir, tener éxito, heredar

undertook - mprendió; emprender, acometer

swore - lo juraste; jurar

perseverance - perseverancia

render - renderizar; dejar, volver

He called on John Ferrier that night, and many times again, until his face was a familiar one at the farm-house. John, cooped up in the valley, and absorbed in his work, had had little chance of learning the news of the outside world during the last twelve years. All this Jefferson Hope was able to tell him, and in a style which interested Lucy as well as her father. He had been a pioneer in California, and could narrate many a strange tale of fortunes made and fortunes lost in those wild, halcyon days. He had been a scout too, and a trapper, a silver explorer, and a ranchman.

farm-house - (farm-house) casa de labor

cooped - encerrado; gallinero, jaula

absorbed - absorbido; absorber

Pioneer - pionero

narrate - narrar, contar

Tale - cuento; historia, relato

halcyon days - días dorados, días de felicidad

scout - explorador

trapper - trampero

explorer - explorador, exploradora

ranchman - Ganadero

Wherever stirring adventures were to be had, Jefferson Hope had been there in search of them. He soon became a favourite with the old farmer, who spoke eloquently of his virtues. On such occasions, Lucy was silent, but her blushing cheek and her bright, happy eyes, showed only too clearly that her young heart was no longer her own. Her honest father may not have observed these symptoms, but they were assuredly not thrown away upon the man who had won her affections.

wherever - dónde; adondequiera, doquier

search - búsqueda, buscar, inspeccionar, cachear, allanar

eloquently - con elocuencia

virtues - irtudes; virtud

blushing - Te ruborizas; (blush) Te ruborizas

honest - honesto, sincero; (hon); honesto, sincero

symptoms - síntomas; síntoma

assuredly - seguro

thrown away - tirado, echado; malgastado

affections - fectos; afecto, carino, apego

It was a summer evening when he came galloping down the road and pulled up at the gate. She was at the doorway, and came down to meet him. He threw the bridle over the fence and strode up the pathway.

fence - valla; cerca, cerramiento, barda, perista

"I am off, Lucy," he said, taking her two hands in his, and gazing tenderly down into her face; "I won't ask you to come with me now, but will you be ready to come when I am here again?"

gazing - mirando; observar, mirar fijamente

tenderly - con ternura; tiernamente

"And when will that be?" she asked, blushing and laughing.

"A couple of months at the outside. I will come and claim you then, my darling. There's no one who can stand between us."

claim - reclamación, declaración, proposición, afirmación, concesión

darling - carino; querido, querida, amado, amada

"And how about father?" she asked.

"He has given his consent, provided we get these mines working all right. I have No fear on that head."

consent - consentir, consentimiento, venia, anuencia

provided - proporcionado; proveer

mines - minas; (el) mío, (la) mía, (los) míos, (las) mías

No fear - sin miedo

"Oh, well; of course, if you and father have arranged it all, there's no more to be said," she whispered, with her cheek against his broad breast.

whispered - susurrado; susurro, rumor, rastro, susurrar

"Thank God!" he said, hoarsely, stooping and kissing her. "It is settled, then. The longer I stay, the harder it will be to go. They are waiting for me at the cańon. Good-bye, my own darling-good-bye. In two months you shall see me."

kissing - besando; besar

cańon - Canón

He tore himself from her as he spoke, and, flinging himself upon his horse, galloped furiously away, never even looking round, as though afraid that his resolution might fail him if he took one glance at what he was leaving. She stood at the gate, gazing after him until he vanished from her sight. Then she walked back into the house, the happiest girl in all Utah.

tore - Romper

flinging - lanzamiento; arrojar, lanzar

resolution - resolución, panish: t-needed


THREE weeks had passed since Jefferson Hope and his comrades had departed from Salt Lake City. John Ferrier's heart was sore within him when he thought of the young man's return, and of the impending loss of his adopted child. Yet her bright and happy face reconciled him to the arrangement more than any argument could have done. He had always determined, deep down in his resolute heart, that nothing would ever induce him to allow his daughter to wed a Mormon.

wed - casarse; casar

Such a marriage he regarded as no marriage at all, but as a shame and a disgrace. Whatever he might think of the Mormon doctrines, upon that one point he was inflexible. He had to seal his mouth on the subject, however, for to express an unorthodox opinion was a dangerous matter in those days in the Land of the Saints.

marriage - matrimonio, boda, casamiento, unión

regarded - considerado; considerar

shame - vergüenza, pena

disgrace - desgracia, baldón, deshonrar

doctrines - octrinas; doctrina

inflexible - inflexible

seal - sello

unorthodox - poco ortodoxo; heterodoxo

Yes, a dangerous matter-so dangerous that even the most saintly dared only whisper their religious opinions with bated breath, lest something which fell from their lips might be misconstrued, and bring down a swift retribution upon them. The victims of persecution had now turned persecutors on their own account, and persecutors of the most terrible description.

saintly - Santo

dared - se atrevió; atraverse, osar

whisper - susurro, rumor, rastro, susurrar

religious - religioso

bated - esperado; bate, pala, raqueta

misconstrued - malinterpretado; malinterpretar

bring down - bajar; derribar

retribution - castigo, retribución

victims - víctimas; víctima, sacrificio

persecution - persecución

persecutors - perseguidor

most terrible - el más terrible

Not the Inquisition of Seville, nor the German Vehm-gericht, nor the Secret Societies of Italy, were ever able to put a more formidable machinery in motion than that which cast a cloud over the State of Utah.

inquisition - Inquisición

Seville - Sevilla

secret - secreto, arcano

societies - ociedades; sociedad, comunidad

Italy - Italia

machinery - máquinas, maquinaria, checkmecánica

Its invisibility, and the mystery which was attached to it, made this organization doubly terrible. It appeared to be omniscient and omnipotent, and yet was neither seen nor heard.

invisibility - invisibilidad

organization - organización

doubly - doblemente

omniscient - omniscio, omnisciente, omnisapiente

Omnipotent - omnipotente

The man who held out against the Church vanished away, and none knew whither he had gone or what had befallen him. His wife and his children awaited him at home, but no father ever returned to tell them how he had fared at the hands of his secret judges. A rash word or a hasty act was followed by annihilation, and yet none knew what the nature might be of this terrible power which was suspended over them. No wonder that men went about in fear and trembling, and that even in the heart of the wilderness they dared not whisper the doubts which oppressed them.

church - iglesia, servicio religioso, culto, misa

whither - ?adónde?

awaited - esperado; esperar, aguantar

judges - jueces; juzgar

rash - sarpullido; imprudente

hasty - apresurarse; apresurado, de prisa, arrebatado, atropellado

annihilation - aniquilación

suspended - suspendido; suspender

doubts - dudas; dudar, duda, incertidumbre

oppressed - primidos; oprimir

At first this vague and terrible power was exercised only upon the recalcitrants who, having embraced the Mormon faith, wished afterwards to pervert or to abandon it. Soon, however, it took a wider range. The supply of adult women was running short, and polygamy without a female population on which to draw was a barren doctrine indeed. Strange rumours began to be bandied about-rumours of murdered immigrants and rifled camps in regions where Indians had never been seen. Fresh women appeared in the harems of the Elders-women who pined and wept, and bore upon their faces the traces of an unextinguishable horror.

recalcitrants - los recalcitrantes; recalcitrante, contumaz

pervert - pervertido, pervertir

wider - más ancho; ancho, amplio, lateral

range - rango; sierra, cordillera, hornillo, estufa, escala, gama

supply - suministro; proporcionar, abastecer

polygamy - poligamia

population - población

doctrine - doctrina

rumours - rumores; rumor

bandied - vendido; zambo, estevado

rifled - fusil, rifle

camps - campamentos; campamento

regions - regiones; región

harems - harenes; harén

pined - pinado; pino

wept - lloró; llorar

bore - perforar; (bear) perforar

traces - rastros; rastro, huella, vestigio, indicio

unextinguishable - inextinguible

Belated wanderers upon the mountains spoke of gangs of armed men, masked, stealthy, and noiseless, who flitted by them in the darkness. These tales and rumours took substance and shape, and were corroborated and re-corroborated, until they resolved themselves into a definite name. To this day, in the lonely ranches of the West, the name of the Danite Band, or the Avenging Angels, is a sinister and an ill-omened one.

belated - Tarde

gangs - pandillas; grupo, cuadrilla, equipo

masked - enmascarado; máscara, careta, mascarilla

stealthy - sigiloso, furtivo

flitted - evoloteó; revolotear

tales - cuentos; historia, relato

substance - sustancia, enjundia

corroborated - corroborado; corroborar

ranches - anchos; rancho

Danite - Danita

avenging - vengarse; vengar

angels - ángeles; ángel

Fuller knowledge of the organization which produced such terrible results served to increase rather than to lessen the horror which it inspired in the minds of men. None knew who belonged to this ruthless society. The names of the participators in the deeds of blood and violence done under the name of religion were kept profoundly secret.

lessen - menoscabar, disminuir, reducir, aminorar

inspired - inspirado; inspirar, infundir

ruthless - despiadado

participators - participantes; participante

profoundly - profundamente

The very friend to whom you communicated your misgivings as to the Prophet and his mission, might be one of those who would come forth at night with fire and sword to exact a terrible reparation. Hence every man feared his neighbour, and none spoke of the things which were nearest his heart.

communicated - comunicado; comunicar, compartir, comulgar

mission - misión

forth - adelante

sword - espada, gladio

reparation - reparación

feared - Miedo

One fine morning, John Ferrier was about to set out to his wheatfields, when he heard the click of the latch, and, looking through the window, saw a stout, sandy-haired, middle-aged man coming up the pathway. His heart leapt to his mouth, for this was none other than the great Brigham Young himself.

Sandy - arenoso

leapt - Saltó

Full of trepidation-for he knew that such a visit boded him little good-Ferrier ran to the door to greet the Mormon chief. The latter, however, received his salutations coldly, and followed him with a stern face into the sitting-room.

trepidation - trepidación; preocupación, duda, aprensión, ansiedad

boded - Cuerpo

greet - saludar

coldly - fríamente

"Brother Ferrier," he said, taking a seat, and eyeing the farmer keenly from under his light-coloured eyelashes, "the true believers have been good friends to you. We picked you up when you were starving in the desert, we shared our food with you, led you safe to the Chosen Valley, gave you a goodly share of land, and allowed you to wax rich under our protection. Is not this so?"

eyelashes - pestanas; pestana, abénula

picked you up - recoger a alguien

Starving - Muerto de hambre; (starve); morir de hambre, hambrear

goodly - Bueno

protection - protección

"It is so," answered John Ferrier.

"In return for all this we asked but one condition: that was, that you should embrace the true faith, and conform in every way to its usages. This you promised to do, and this, if common report says truly, you have neglected."

Embrace - abrazar, abrazo

usages - usos; uso, usanza

truly - de verdad; verdaderamente, realmente

neglected - desatendida; descuidar, negligir, desoír, hacer caso omiso

"And how have I neglected it?" asked Ferrier, throwing out his hands in expostulation. "Have I not given to the common fund? Have I not attended at the Temple? Have I not--?"

throwing out - descartar, echar fuera, deshacerse de algo; despedir a alguien

expostulation - expostulación

fund - fondo, capital, financiar, sufragar, patrocinar

attended - asistió; asistir

"Where are your wives?" asked Young, looking round him. "Call them in, that I may greet them."

"It is true that I have not married," Ferrier answered. "But women were few, and there were many who had better claims than I. I was not a lonely man: I had my daughter to attend to my wants."

attend to - participar en

"It is of that daughter that I would speak to you," said the leader of the Mormons. "She has grown to be the flower of Utah, and has found favour in the eyes of many who are high in the land."

John Ferrier groaned internally.

groaned - gimió; gemido, grunido, gemir, grunir

internally - internamente, interiormente

"There are stories of her which I would fain disbelieve-stories that she is sealed to some Gentile. This must be the gossip of idle tongues. What is the thirteenth rule in the code of the sainted Joseph Smith? 'Let every maiden of the true faith marry one of the elect; for if she wed a Gentile, she commits a grievous sin.'This being so, it is impossible that you, who profess the holy creed, should suffer your daughter to violate it."

disbelieve - descreer

sealed - sellado; sello

Gentile - gentil, pagano, gentil

gossip - chismoso, chismosa, chisme, chismear, cotillear, chismorrear

idle - ocioso; parado, inactivo

tongues - lenguas; lengua, tsinhueso, lengüeta

thirteenth - la decimotercera; decimotercero, treceavo

code - código

sainted - santificado; San, Santa, Santo

marry - casarse

commits - se compromete; encomendar, cometer

sin - pecado

profess - profesar

suffer - sufrir, penar, empeorar

violate - violar, vulnerar

John Ferrier made no answer, but he played nervously with his riding-whip.

"Upon this one point your whole faith shall be tested-so it has been decided in the Sacred Council of Four. The girl is young, and we would not have her wed grey hairs, neither would we deprive her of all choice. We Elders have many heifers, 29 but our children must also be provided.

deprive - desproveer, privar

choice - selección, decisión, opción, exquisito

heifers - terneras; becerra, vaquilla, bruja, adefesio

Stangerson has a son, and Drebber has a son, and either of them would gladly welcome your daughter to their house. Let her choose between them. They are young and rich, and of the true faith. What say you to that?"

gladly - con gusto; de buena gana

Ferrier remained silent for some little time with his brows knitted.

"You will give us time," he said at last. "My daughter is very young-she is scarce of an age to marry."

scarce - escaso

"She shall have a month to choose," said Young, rising from his seat. "At the end of that time she shall give her answer."

He was passing through the door, when he turned, with flushed face and flashing eyes. "It were better for you, John Ferrier," he thundered, "that you and she were now lying blanched skeletons upon the Sierra Blanco, than that you should put your weak wills against the orders of the Holy Four!"

passing through - pasar por, atravesar

thundered - tronado; trueno, estruendo, fragor, tronar

blanched - Palidecer

skeletons - esqueletos; esqueleto

With a threatening gesture of his hand, he turned from the door, and Ferrier heard his heavy step scrunching along the shingly path.

threatening gesture - Gesto amenazante

scrunching - restrujando; arrugar

shingly - escalofríos

He was still sitting with his elbows upon his knees, considering how he should broach the matter to his daughter when a soft hand was laid upon his, and looking up, he saw her standing beside him. One glance at her pale, frightened face showed him that she had heard what had passed.

elbows - codos; codo, codazo, panish: t-needed

considering - onsiderando..; en consideración de; (consider); considerar

broach - Broche

soft - suave; blando

"I could not help it," she said, in answer to his look. "His voice rang through the house. Oh, father, father, what shall we do?"

"Don't you scare yourself," he answered, drawing her to him, and passing his broad, rough hand caressingly over her chestnut hair. "We'll fix it up somehow or another. You don't find your fancy kind o'lessening for this chap, do you?"

scare - miedo; asustar

caressingly - Con caricias

Fix - arreglar, reparar, componer, fijar, pregar, preparar, amanar

somehow - de algún modo, de alguna manera, de alguna forma

lessening - disminuyendo; menoscabar, disminuir, reducir, aminorar

A sob and a squeeze of his hand was her only answer.

sob - sollozar; hdp

squeeze - exprimir, apretar, apretujar, apuro, crisis, apretón

"No; of course not. I shouldn't care to hear you say you did. He's a likely lad, and he's a Christian, which is more than these folk here, in spite o'all their praying and preaching. There's a party starting for Nevada to-morrow, and I'll manage to send him a message letting him know the hole we are in. If I know anything o'that young man, he'll be back here with a speed that would whip electro-telegraphs."

Christian - cristiano, cristiana, Cristián

folk - pueblo, gente

praying - Rezando; (pray) Rezando

hole - agujero

Speed - velocidad

telegraphs - telégrafos; telégrafo, telegrafiar

Lucy laughed through her tears at her father's description.

"When he comes, he will advise us for the best. But it is for you that I am frightened, dear. One hears-one hears such dreadful stories about those who oppose the Prophet: something terrible always happens to them."

advise - aconsejar, asesorar, notificar

dreadful - terrible; espantoso, espantosa

oppose - oponerse; oponer

"But we haven't opposed him yet," her father answered. "It will be time to look out for squalls when we do. We have a clear month before us; at the end of that, I guess we had best shin out of Utah."

opposed - oponerse; oponer

squalls - chubascos; tormenta, borrasca

shin - espinilla

"Leave Utah!"

"That's about the size of it."

"But the farm?"

"We will raise as much as we can in money, and let the rest go. To tell the truth, Lucy, it isn't the first time I have thought of doing it. I don't care about knuckling under to any man, as these folk do to their darned prophet. I'm a free-born American, and it's all new to me. Guess I'm too old to learn. If he comes browsing about this farm, he might chance to run up against a charge of buckshot travelling in the opposite direction."

knuckling - nudillos; nudillo

darned - Maldito; (darn) Maldito

run up - venir corriendo; generar; aumentar deuda

charge - cargo, acusación, encargo, figura, acusar, cobrar, cargar

opposite direction - dirección contraria

"But they won't let us leave," his daughter objected.

"Wait till Jefferson comes, and we'll soon manage that. In the meantime, don't you fret yourself, my dearie, and don't get your eyes swelled up, else he'll be walking into me when he sees you. There's nothing to be afeared about, and there's no danger at all."

fret - traste; preocuparse

swelled - hinchado; hinchar(se), inflar(se)

John Ferrier uttered these consoling remarks in a very confident tone, but she could not help observing that he paid unusual care to the fastening of the doors that night, and that he carefully cleaned and loaded the rusty old shotgun which hung upon the wall of his bedroom.

consoling - consolador; consolar

remarks - observaciones; observación, comentario

confident - confiado, seguro de sí mismo

observing - observando; observar, seguir, tomar en cuenta

unusual - inusual, inusitado, desusado

fastening - Cierre; (fasten); atar, abrochar

loaded - cargado; carga

rusty - Oxidado

shotgun - escopeta -s


ON the morning which followed his interview with the Mormon Prophet, John Ferrier went in to Salt Lake City, and having found his acquaintance, who was bound for the Nevada Mountains, he entrusted him with his message to Jefferson Hope.

entrusted - onfiado; encomendar, confiar

In it he told the young man of the imminent danger which threatened them, and how necessary it was that he should return. Having done thus he felt easier in his mind, and returned home with a lighter heart.

imminent - inminente

threatened - amenazado; amenazar

returned home - volver a casa

As he approached his farm, he was surprised to see a horse hitched to each of the posts of the gate. Still more surprised was he on entering to find two young men in possession of his sitting-room. One, with a long pale face, was leaning back in the rocking-chair, with his feet cocked up upon the stove.

hitched - enganchado; inconveniente, contratiempo

entering - Entrando; (enter); entrar

rocking-chair - (rocking-chair) silla mecedora

cocked - agachado; gallo, macho

stove - fogón; estufa, cocina, horno; (stave); duela, estrofa

The other, a bull-necked youth with coarse bloated features, was standing in front of the window with his hands in his pocket, whistling a popular hymn. Both of them nodded to Ferrier as he entered, and the one in the rocking-chair commenced the conversation.

necked - cuello

bloated - inflado; hinchar, inflar

whistling - Silbando; (whistle); silbato, pito, chifle, pitido

hymn - himno

nodded to - asintió

"Maybe you don't know us," he said. "this here is the son of Elder Drebber, and I'm Joseph Stangerson, who travelled with you in the desert when the Lord stretched out His hand and gathered you into the true fold."

this here - esto aquí

"As He will all the nations in His own good time," said the other in a nasal voice; "He grindeth slowly but exceeding small."

nations - aciones; nación

nasal - nariz; nasal

grindeth - muele

exceeding - excediéndose; sobrepasar, pasarse, exceder

John Ferrier bowed coldly. He had guessed who his visitors were.

"We have come," continued Stangerson, "at the advice of our fathers to solicit the hand of your daughter for whichever of us may seem good to you and to her. As I have but four wives and Brother Drebber here has seven, it appears to me that my claim is the stronger one."

solicit - solicitar, cortejar

whichever - cualquier, cualquiera que, el que sea

"Nay, nay, Brother Stangerson," cried the other; "the question is not how many wives we have, but how many we can keep. My father has now given over his mills to me, and I am the richer man."

mills - molinos; molinillo

"But my prospects are better," said the other, warmly. "When the Lord removes my father, I shall have his tanning yard and his leather factory. Then I am your elder, and am higher in the Church."

prospects - perspectivas; perspectiva, vista, panorama, expectativa

warmly - calurosamente

removes - quitar, remover, detraer

tanning - Bronceado; (tan) Bronceado

factory - fábrica, planta

"It will be for the maiden to decide," rejoined young Drebber, smirking at his own reflection in the glass. "We will leave it all to her decision."

rejoined - Reincorporarse

smirking - sonriendo; sonrisita, mueca, sonrisa de suficiencia

During this dialogue, John Ferrier had stood fuming in the doorway, hardly able to keep his riding-whip from the backs of his two visitors.

fuming - fumando; humo, humear, echar humo

"Look here," he said at last, striding up to them, "when my daughter summons you, you can come, but until then I don't want to see your faces again."

striding - estridente

summons - Citaciones; (summon) Citaciones

The two young Mormons stared at him in amazement. In their eyes this competition between them for the maiden's hand was the highest of honours both to her and her father.

competition - competencia; competición

"There are two ways out of the room," cried Ferrier; "there is the door, and there is the window. Which do you care to use?"

His brown face looked so savage, and his gaunt hands so threatening, that his visitors sprang to their feet and beat a hurried retreat. The old farmer followed them to the door.

threatening - amenazante; amenazador; (threaten); amenazar

"Let me know when you have settled which it is to be," he said, sardonically.

"You shall smart for this!" Stangerson cried, white with rage. "You have defied the Prophet and the Council of Four. You shall rue it to the end of your days."

defied - desafiado; desafiar, desobedecer, renunciar

rue - ue

"The hand of the Lord shall be heavy upon you," cried young Drebber; "He will arise and smite you!"

arise - surgir, levantarse, provenir, aparecer

smite - golpear, cascar

"Then I'll start the smiting," exclaimed Ferrier furiously, and would have rushed upstairs for his gun had not Lucy seized him by the arm and restrained him. Before he could escape from her, the clatter of horses'hoofs told him that they were beyond his reach.

smiting - golpear, cascar

exclaimed - exclamó; exclamar

restrained - retenido; refrenar(se), contenerse

"The young canting rascals!" he exclaimed, wiping the perspiration from his forehead; "I would sooner see you in your grave, my girl, than the wife of either of them."

rascals - gamberros; pícaro, bribón, canalla

wiping - Limpiar; (wipe) Limpiar

"And so should I, father," she answered, with spirit; "but Jefferson will soon be here."

"Yes. It will not be long before he comes. The sooner the better, for we do not know what their next move may be."

It was, indeed, high time that someone capable of giving advice and help should come to the aid of the sturdy old farmer and his adopted daughter. In the whole history of the settlement there had never been such a case of rank disobedience to the authority of the Elders. If minor errors were punished so sternly, what would be the fate of this arch rebel. Ferrier knew that his wealth and position would be of no avail to him. Others as well known and as rich as himself had been spirited away before now, and their goods given over to the Church.

aid - ayuda, auxilio

sturdy - recio, sólido, robusto, fuerte

rank - rango, graduación

disobedience - desobediencia

minor - menor, menor, menor de edad

errors - errores; error, yerro, checkyerro, panish: t-needed

arch - arco; bóveda

rebel - rebelde

position - posición, puesto, postura

spirited away - raptar, secuestrar

He was a brave man, but he trembled at the vague, shadowy terrors which hung over him. Any known danger he could face with a firm lip, but this suspense was unnerving. He concealed his fears from his daughter, however, and affected to make light of the whole matter, though she, with the keen eye of love, saw plainly that he was ill at ease.

Brave - valiente, valeroso, corajudo

shadowy - sombra; sombroso, sombreado, sombrío, umbroso

suspense - suspenso; suspense

unnerving - enervante; debilitar, enervar

concealed - ocultos; esconder, ocultar

fears - miedos; miedo, temor

at ease - a gusto

He expected that he would receive some message or remonstrance from Young as to his conduct, and he was not mistaken, though it came in an unlooked-for manner. Upon rising next morning he found, to his surprise, a small square of paper pinned on to the coverlet of his bed just over his chest. On it was printed, in bold straggling letters:-

receive - recibir

unlooked - in mirar

pinned - inmovilizado; alfiler

coverlet - cobertor

"Twenty-nine days are given you for amendment, and then--"

amendment - enmienda

The dash was more fear-inspiring than any threat could have been. How this warning came into his room puzzled John Ferrier sorely, for his servants slept in an outhouse, and the doors and windows had all been secured. He crumpled the paper up and said nothing to his daughter, but the incident struck a chill into his heart.

inspiring - inspirador; inspirar, infundir

threat - amenaza

sorely - Dolorosamente

secured - seguro, resguardado, confiable, aplomado

crumpled - arrugado; arrugar, colapsar

chill - relajarme; frío

The twenty-nine days were evidently the balance of the month which Young had promised. What strength or courage could avail against an enemy armed with such mysterious powers? The hand which fastened that pin might have struck him to the heart, and he could never have known who had slain him.

balance - equilibrio, balance, balanza, balancear, equilibrar

slain - muerto; matar

Still more shaken was he next morning. They had sat down to their breakfast when Lucy with a cry of surprise pointed upwards. In the centre of the ceiling was scrawled, with a burned stick apparently, the number 28. To his daughter it was unintelligible, and he did not enlighten her.

upwards - hacia arriba

unintelligible - ininteligible

That night he sat up with his gun and kept watch and ward. He saw and he heard nothing, and yet in the morning a great 27 had been painted upon the outside of his door.

ward - pabellón; sala

Thus day followed day; and as sure as morning came he found that his unseen enemies had kept their register, and had marked up in some conspicuous position how many days were still left to him out of the month of grace. Sometimes the fatal numbers appeared upon the walls, sometimes upon the floors, occasionally they were on small placards stuck upon the garden gate or the railings.

unseen - No se ve

enemies - enemigos; enemigo, enemiga

register - registro, registro, registrar, registrarse

placards - pancartas; letrero, pancarta

With all his vigilance John Ferrier could not discover whence these daily warnings proceeded. A horror which was almost superstitious came upon him at the sight of them. He became haggard and restless, and his eyes had the troubled look of some hunted creature. He had but one hope in life now, and that was for the arrival of the young hunter from Nevada.

vigilance - vigilancia

warnings - advertencias; advertencia, aviso, precaución, cuidado

superstitious - supersticioso

restless - inquieto

hunted - cazado; cazar, buscar, caza

Twenty had changed to fifteen and fifteen to ten, but there was no news of the absentee. One by one the numbers dwindled down, and still there came no sign of him. Whenever a horseman clattered down the road, or a driver shouted at his team, the old farmer hurried to the gate thinking that help had arrived at last. At last, when he saw five give way to four and that again to three, he lost heart, and abandoned all hope of escape. Single-handed, and with his limited knowledge of the mountains which surrounded the settlement, he knew that he was powerless.

absentee - ausente

dwindled - disminuido; disminuir, agotarse, desaparecer, menguar

horseman - caballero, jinete

clattered - golpeado; trapalear

give way - Ceder el paso

powerless - impotente

The more-frequented roads were strictly watched and guarded, and none could pass along them without an order from the Council. Turn which way he would, there appeared to be no avoiding the blow which hung over him. Yet the old man never wavered in his resolution to part with life itself before he consented to what he regarded as his daughter's dishonour.

frequented - recuentado; frecuente

guarded - guardado; guarda, guardia, guardés, guarda, tapador, bloque

avoiding - evitando; evitar, esquivar

wavered - aciló; balancearse

consented - consintió; consentir, consentimiento, venia, anuencia

dishonour - deshonrar

He was sitting alone one evening pondering deeply over his troubles, and searching vainly for some way out of them. That morning had shown the figure 2 upon the wall of his house, and the next day would be the last of the allotted time. What was to happen then? All manner of vague and terrible fancies filled his imagination.

deeply - profundamente; a fondo

troubles - problemas; marrón, berenjenal, dificultad, problema, molestia

searching - buscando; búsqueda, buscar, inspeccionar, cachear, allanar

vainly - en vano; vanamente

And his daughter-what was to become of her after he was gone? Was there no escape from the invisible network which was drawn all round them. He sank his head upon the table and sobbed at the thought of his own impotence.

network - red

sank - se hundió; hundir, sumergir, sumergirse, lavamanos, fregadero

sobbed - sollozó; hdp

impotence - impotencia

What was that? In the silence he heard a gentle scratching sound-low, but very distinct in the quiet of the night. It came from the door of the house. Ferrier crept into the hall and listened intently. There was a pause for a few moments, and then the low insidious sound was repeated. Someone was evidently tapping very gently upon one of the panels of the door. Was it some midnight assassin who had come to carry out the murderous orders of the secret tribunal?

gentle - tierno, suave, tranquilo, medido, gradual, amable

scratching - Rascarse; (scratch); rascar, raspar, aranar, rasgunar, rayar

distinct - distinto

crept - se arrastró; reptar, hormigueo, fatiga

pause - receso, checkdescanso, pausar, interrumpir, suspender

insidious - insidiosa; insidioso

tapping - Golpeando; (tap) Golpeando

gently - suavemente; mansamente, suave

panels - paneles; panel, vineta, entrepano

tribunal - tribunal

Or was it some agent who was marking up that the last day of grace had arrived. John Ferrier felt that instant death would be better than the suspense which shook his nerves and chilled his heart. Springing forward he drew the bolt and threw the door open.

marking - Marcando; (mark); Marcos, Evangelio según San Marcos

shook - Sacudido; (shake); agitar, sacudir, checksacudir, sacudida

chilled - frío

bolt - perno; pestillo

Outside all was calm and quiet. The night was fine, and the stars were twinkling brightly overhead. The little front garden lay before the farmer's eyes bounded by the fence and gate, but neither there nor on the road was any human being to be seen.

twinkling - parpadeando; (twinkle); titilar, fulgurar, refulgir

overhead - sobrecarga; arriba, por encima de la cabeza; aéreo

front garden - jardín delantero

With a sigh of relief, Ferrier looked to right and to left, until happening to glance straight down at his own feet he saw to his astonishment a man lying flat upon his face upon the ground, with arms and legs all asprawl.

"Good God!" gasped John Ferrier. "How you scared me! Whatever made you come in like that."

gasped - jadeó; jadear, bocanada, calada

"Give me food," the other said, hoarsely. "I have had no time for bite or sup for eight-and-forty hours." He flung himself upon the 21 cold meat and bread which were still lying upon the table from his host's supper, and devoured it voraciously. "Does Lucy Bear up well?" he asked, when he had satisfied his hunger.

bite - morder, picar, mordida, mordedura, mordisco, picadura

flung - arrojado; arrojar, lanzar

cold meat - Carne fría

Host - anfitrión; anfitriona

supper - cenar; cena

devoured - evorado; devorar, jambar

voraciously - vorazmente

Bear up - Sobrellevar

"Yes. She does not know the danger," her father answered.

"That is well. The house is watched on every side. That is why I crawled my way up to it. They may be darned sharp, but they're not quite sharp enough to catch a Washoe hunter."

crawled - se arrastró; avanzar lentamente

John Ferrier felt a different man now that he realized that he had a devoted ally. He seized the young man's leathery hand and wrung it cordially. "You're a man to be proud of," he said. "There are not many who would come to share our danger and our troubles."

devoted - dedicado; dedicar

ally - aliado; aliarse (con)

proud - orgulloso

"You've hit it there, pard," the young hunter answered. "I have a respect for you, but if you were alone in this business I'd think twice before I put my head into such a hornet's nest. It's Lucy that brings me here, and before harm comes on her I guess there will be one less o'the Hope family in Utah."

hit - golpear, pegar, chocar

hornet - un avispón; avispón

nest - nido

harm - dano; dano, danar

"What are we to do?"

"To-morrow is your last day, and unless you act to-night you are lost. I have a mule and two horses waiting in the Eagle Ravine. How much money have you?"

mule - mula

eagle - águila

"Two thousand dollars in gold, and five in notes."

"That will do. I have as much more to add to it. We must push for Carson City through the mountains. You had best wake Lucy. It is as well that the servants do not sleep in the house."

While Ferrier was absent, preparing his daughter for the approaching journey, Jefferson Hope packed all the eatables that he could find into a small parcel, and filled a stoneware jar with water, for he knew by experience that the mountain wells were few and far between. He had hardly completed his arrangements before the farmer returned with his daughter all dressed and ready for a start.

eatables - comestible

small parcel - Paquete pequeno

jar with - tarro de

by experience - por experiencia

The greeting between the lovers was warm, but brief, for minutes were precious, and there was much to be done.

greeting - saludo; (greet); saludo

lovers - amante

brief - breve, corto, conciso, sucinto, escueto, resumen, poner al tanto

"We must make our start at once," said Jefferson Hope, speaking in a low but resolute voice, like one who realizes the greatness of the peril, but has steeled his heart to meet it. "The front and back entrances are watched, but with caution we may get away through the side window and across the fields.

realizes - te das cuenta; realizar, darse cuenta, caer en la cuenta

greatness - grandeza

steeled - acero

entrances - entradas; entrada

caution - advertencia, precaución, cuidado, cautela, fianza, advertir

Once on the road we are only two miles from the Ravine where the horses are waiting. By daybreak we should be half-way through the mountains."

daybreak - amanecer

"What if we are stopped," asked Ferrier.

Hope slapped the revolver butt which protruded from the front of his tunic. "If they are too many for us we shall take two or three of them with us," he said with a sinister smile.

revolver - revólver

butt - culo; dar un cabezazo

The lights inside the house had all been extinguished, and from the darkened window Ferrier peered over the fields which had been his own, and which he was now about to abandon for ever. He had long nerved himself to the sacrifice, however, and the thought of the honour and happiness of his daughter outweighed any regret at his ruined fortunes.

extinguished - extinguido; extinguir, apagar

darkened - oscurecido; oscurecer, obscurecer

peered - miró; par, noble

nerved - nervioso; nervio, coraje, descaro, frescura, nervios

sacrifice - sacrificar, sacrificio

Happiness - la felicidad; felicidad

regret - lamentar, pena, pesar, arrepentimiento

All looked so peaceful and happy, the rustling trees and the broad silent stretch of grain-land, that it was difficult to realize that the spirit of murder lurked through it all. Yet the white face and set expression of the young hunter showed that in his approach to the house he had seen enough to satisfy him upon that head.

peaceful - Pacífico

rustling - usurro; (rustle); crujido

grain - grano

lurked - al acecho; acechar, agazaparse, ocultarse, esconderse, merodear

satisfy - satisfacer

Ferrier carried the bag of gold and notes, Jefferson Hope had the scanty provisions and water, while Lucy had a small bundle containing a few of her more valued possessions. Opening the window very slowly and carefully, they waited until a dark cloud had somewhat obscured the night, and then one by one passed through into the little garden.

scanty - escaso, exiguo

Provisions - provisiones; provisión, aprovisionar, avituallar

valued - valorado; valor, importancia, valorar, cifrar, apreciar

obscured - ocultado; obscuro, esconder, ocultar

With bated breath and crouching figures they stumbled across it, and gained the shelter of the hedge, which they skirted until they came to the gap which opened into the cornfields. They had just reached this point when the young man seized his two companions and dragged them down into the shadow, where they lay silent and trembling.

crouching - agacharse, ponerse/estar en cuclillas

stumbled - tropezón, traspié, desliz, torpeza, tropiezo, tropezar

hedge - cobertura; seto

cornfields - maizales; milpa, maizal, mieses

"To-morrow at midnight," said the first who appeared to be in authority. "When the Whip-poor-Will calls three times."

"It is well," returned the other. "Shall I tell Brother Drebber?"

"Pass it on to him, and from him to the others. Nine to seven!"

"Seven to five!" repeated the other, and the two figures flitted away in different directions.

directions - direcciones; dirección

Their concluding words had evidently been some form of sign and countersign. The instant that their footsteps had died away in the distance, Jefferson Hope sprang to his feet, and helping his companions through the gap, led the way across the fields at the top of his speed, supporting and half-carrying the girl when her strength appeared to fail her.

concluding - concluyendo; concluir

supporting - apoyando; (support) apoyando

"Hurry on! hurry on!" he gasped from time to time. "We are through the line of sentinels. Everything depends on speed. Hurry on!"

sentinels - centinelas; guarda, centinela

Once on the high road they made rapid progress. Only once did they meet anyone, and then they managed to slip into a field, and so avoid recognition. Before reaching the town the hunter branched away into a rugged and narrow footpath which led to the mountains. Two dark jagged peaks loomed above them through the darkness, and the defile which led between them was the Eagle Cańon in which the horses were awaiting them.

rapid - rápido, rápido, rabión

progress - progreso

footpath - sendero; acera

loomed - se avecinaba; telar

defile - rofanar

With unerring instinct Jefferson Hope picked his way among the great boulders and along the bed of a dried-up watercourse, until he came to the retired corner, screened with rocks, where the faithful animals had been picketed. The girl was placed upon the mule, and old Ferrier upon one of the horses, with his money-bag, while Jefferson Hope led the other along the precipitous and dangerous path.

boulders - piedras; penasco, pena, roca, pedrusco

dried-up - (dried-up) seco, resecado, desecado

watercourse - urso de agua; curso

screened - mampara, pantalla, biombo, tamiz, malla

faithful - fieles; fiel, leal

picketed - piquete

It was a bewildering route for anyone who was not accustomed to face Nature in her wildest moods. On the one side a great crag towered up a thousand feet or more, black, stern, and menacing, with long basaltic columns upon its rugged surface like the ribs of some petrified monster. On the other hand a wild chaos of boulders and debris made all advance impossible. Between the two ran the irregular track, so narrow in places that they had to travel in Indian file, and so rough that only practised riders could have traversed it at all.

bewildering - esconcertante; confundir, desconcertar

wildest - más salvaje; salvaje, bravío

moods - stados de ánimo; humor

towered - torreado; torre

menacing - amenazante; amenaza, peligro

columns - columnas; columna

surface - superficie

ribs - costillas; costilla

Petrified - petrificado; petrificar

monster - monstruo, fiera

chaos - caos; (chao); caos

debris - escombros, restos, basura, cachureo, niquenaque, ruina

irregular - irregular

file - fichero; fila

riders - jinetes; jinete

Yet in spite of all dangers and difficulties, the hearts of the fugitives were light within them, for every step increased the distance between them and the terrible despotism from which they were flying.

fugitives - fugitivos; fugitivo, prófugo, fugaz

They soon had a proof, however, that they were still within the jurisdiction of the Saints. They had reached the very wildest and most desolate portion of the pass when the girl gave a startled cry, and pointed upwards. On a rock which overlooked the track, showing out dark and plain against the sky, there stood a solitary sentinel.

jurisdiction - jurisdicción

showing out - acompanar a la puerta

sentinel - guarda, centinela

He saw them as soon as they perceived him, and his military challenge of "Who goes there?" rang through the silent ravine.

challenge - desafío, reto, disputa, impedimento, incompatibilidad, recurso

"Travellers for Nevada," said Jefferson Hope, with his hand upon the rifle which hung by his saddle.

They could see the lonely watcher fingering his gun, and peering down at them as if dissatisfied at their reply.

watcher - observador; vigilante

fingering - insertar

peering - espiando; par, noble

dissatisfied - insatisfecho; descontentar

"By whose permission?" he asked.

"The Holy Four," answered Ferrier. His Mormon experiences had taught him that that was the highest authority to which he could refer.

"Nine from seven," cried the sentinel.

"Seven from five," returned Jefferson Hope promptly, remembering the countersign which he had heard in the garden.

promptly - pronto; inmediatamente, rápidamente

"Pass, and the Lord go with you," said the voice from above. Beyond his post the path broadened out, and the horses were able to break into a trot. Looking back, they could see the solitary watcher leaning upon his gun, and knew that they had passed the outlying post of the chosen people, and that freedom lay before them.

trot - trotar

freedom - libertad


ALL night their course lay through intricate defiles and over irregular and rock-strewn paths. More than once they lost their way, but Hope's intimate knowledge of the mountains enabled them to regain the track once more. When morning broke, a scene of marvellous though savage beauty lay before them. In every direction the great snow-capped peaks hemmed them in, peeping over each other's shoulders to the far horizon. So steep were the rocky banks on either side of them, that the larch and the pine seemed to be suspended over their heads, and to need only a gust of wind to come hurtling down upon them.

intricate - intrincado, complejo

defiles - rofanar

strewn - Esparcido

paths - caminos; camino, sendero

lost their way - perderse; perder el rumbo

intimate - intimo; íntimo

regain - recuperar; recobrar

marvellous - maravilloso

hemmed - con dobladillo; dobladillo

peeping - espiando; espiar

steep - mpinada; empinado

banks on - apostar por; confiar en; contar con

larch - alerce, lárice

gust - ráfaga, racha

wind - viento, aire

hurtling - se precipita; (hurtle) se precipita

Nor was the fear entirely an illusion, for the barren valley was thickly strewn with trees and boulders which had fallen in a similar manner. Even as they passed, a great rock came thundering down with a hoarse rattle which woke the echoes in the silent gorges, and startled the weary horses into a gallop.

illusion - ilusión

thundering - Trueno; (thunder); trueno, estruendo, fragor, tronar

hoarse - ronco

rattle - sonajero; hacer sonar, hacer vibrar

Echoes - ecos; eco, repercutir, repetir, hacer eco

gorges - gargantas; desfiladero; barranco

gallop - galope, galopar

As the sun rose slowly above the eastern horizon, the caps of the great mountains lit up one after the other, like lamps at a festival, until they were all ruddy and glowing. The magnificent spectacle cheered the hearts of the three fugitives and gave them fresh energy. At a wild torrent which swept out of a ravine they called a halt and watered their horses, while they partook of a hasty breakfast.

eastern - oriental, esteno

caps - capuchones; gorra

ruddy - rubicundo

glowing - resplandeciente; fulgir, fulgurar, iluminar, brillar

spectacle - espectáculo, papelón

cheered - aclamado; viva, hurra

torrent - torrente

swept - barrido; barrer, peinar

partook - participó; participar

Lucy and her father would fain have rested longer, but Jefferson Hope was inexorable. "They will be upon our track by this time," he said. "Everything depends upon our speed. Once safe in Carson we may rest for the remainder of our lives."

rested - descansado; descanso, reposo

inexorable - inexorable

During the whole of that day they struggled on through the defiles, and by evening they calculated that they were more than thirty miles from their enemies. At night-time they chose the base of a beetling crag, where the rocks offered some protection from the chill wind, and there huddled together for warmth, they enjoyed a few hours'sleep.

calculated - calculado; calcular

huddled - acurrucados; chusma, amontonarse, acurrucarse

warmth - calor, simpatía

Before daybreak, however, they were up and on their way once more. They had seen no signs of any pursuers, and Jefferson Hope began to think that they were fairly out of the reach of the terrible organization whose enmity they had incurred. He little knew how far that iron grasp could reach, or how soon it was to close upon them and crush them.

enmity - enemistad

incurred - incurrido; incurrir

crush - aplastamiento, enamoramiento, aplastar, destripar, machacar

About the middle of the second day of their flight their scanty store of provisions began to run out. This gave the hunter little uneasiness, however, for there was game to be had among the mountains, and he had frequently before had to depend upon his rifle for the needs of life. Choosing a sheltered nook, he piled together a few dried branches and made a blazing fire, at which his companions might warm themselves, for they were now nearly five thousand feet above the sea level, and the air was bitter and keen. Having tethered the horses, and bade Lucy adieu, he threw his gun over his shoulder, and set out in search of whatever chance might throw in his way. Looking back he saw the old man and the young girl crouching over the blazing fire, while the three animals stood motionless in the back-ground.

store - tienda; depósito, almacenar, conservar

uneasiness - inquietud; desazón

sheltered - refugiado; refugio, abrigo, amparo, asilo

nook - rincón, recoveco

piled - apilado; montón, pila

dried - secado; seco, secarse, enjugar

blazing - ardiendo; llamarada, incendio; resplandor

sea level - nivel del mar

Bitter - amargo

tethered - atado; soga, amarrar, acordonar

throw in - agregar, anadir, echar en, incluir

Then the intervening rocks hid them from his view.

intervening - intervenir, involucrarse, interceder, meterse

He walked for a couple of miles through one ravine after another without success, though from the marks upon the bark of the trees, and other indications, he judged that there were numerous bears in the vicinity. At last, after two or three hours'fruitless search, he was thinking of turning back in despair, when casting his eyes upwards he saw a sight which sent a thrill of pleasure through his heart. On the edge of a jutting pinnacle, three or four hundred feet above him, there stood a creature somewhat resembling a sheep in appearance, but armed with a pair of gigantic horns.

bark - corteza; ladrido

judged - juzgado; juzgar

fruitless - infructuoso, estéril

turning back - volver, regresar

edge - orilla, borde, lado, arista, ventaja, filo

jutting - saliente; sobresalir

pinnacle - cumbre, pináculo, pico, ápice

four hundred - Cuatrocientos

resembling - se parece; asemejar

gigantic - gigante, gigantesco

The big-horn-for so it is called-was acting, probably, as a guardian over a flock which were invisible to the hunter; but fortunately it was heading in the opposite direction, and had not perceived him. Lying on his face, he rested his rifle upon a rock, and took a long and steady aim before drawing the trigger. The animal sprang into the air, tottered for a moment upon the edge of the precipice, and then came crashing down into the valley beneath.

horn - cuerno

acting - actuando; interino, en funciones, suplente

guardian - guardián, guardia, apoderado, tutor, custodio, jefe

flock - rebano, bandada

aim - apuntar

trigger - gatillo, detonador, detonante, desencadenante, disparador

tottered - se tambaleó; tambalearse, bascular, dar tumbos

precipice - precipicio

crashing - chocando; estruendo, estrépito

The creature was too unwieldy to lift, so the hunter contented himself with cutting away one haunch and part of the flank. With this trophy over his shoulder, he hastened to retrace his steps, for the evening was already drawing in. He had hardly started, however, before he realized the difficulty which faced him. In his eagerness he had wandered far past the ravines which were known to him, and it was no easy matter to pick out the path which he had taken. The valley in which he found himself divided and sub-divided into many gorges, which were so like each other that it was impossible to distinguish one from the other. He followed one for a mile or more until he came to a mountain torrent which he was sure that he had never seen before.

lift - levantar, alzar

haunch - jarrete; anca, cuadril

trophy - trofeo

hastened to - se apresuró a

wandered - deambuló; vagar, divagar, errar, deambular, enganar

pick out - elegir, seleccionar, identificar

Convinced that he had taken the wrong turn, he tried another, but with the same result. Night was coming on rapidly, and it was almost dark before he at last found himself in a defile which was familiar to him. Even then it was no easy matter to keep to the right track, for the moon had not yet risen, and the high cliffs on either side made the obscurity more profound. Weighed down with his burden, and weary from his exertions, he stumbled along, keeping up his heart by the reflection that every step brought him nearer to Lucy, and that he carried with him enough to ensure them food for the remainder of their journey.

risen - resucitado; aumentar; subir

cliffs - cantilados; acantilado

obscurity - obscuridad; oscuridad

more profound - más profundo

weighed - pesado; pesar, levar, desancorar

burden - carga

ensure - asegurar

He had now come to the mouth of the very defile in which he had left them. Even in the darkness he could recognize the outline of the cliffs which bounded it. They must, he reflected, be awaiting him anxiously, for he had been absent nearly five hours. In the gladness of his heart he put his hands to his mouth and made the glen re-echo to a loud halloo as a signal that he was coming. He paused and listened for an answer.

been absent - ha estado ausente

gladness - alegría

glen - barranca

Echo - eco, repercutir, repetir, hacer eco

signal - senal; senal, senalar

None came save his own cry, which clattered up the dreary silent ravines, and was borne back to his ears in countless repetitions. Again he shouted, even louder than before, and again no whisper came back from the friends whom he had left such a short time ago. A vague, nameless dread came over him, and he hurried onwards frantically, dropping the precious food in his agitation.

repetitions - repeticiones; repetición

louder - más fuerte; alto

nameless - innominado, sin nombre

onwards - en adelante; hacia adelante, para adelante

When he turned the corner, he came full in sight of the spot where the fire had been lit. There was still a glowing pile of wood ashes there, but it had evidently not been tended since his departure. The same dead silence still reigned all round. With his fears all changed to convictions, he hurried on.

tended - tendido; guardar

reigned - reinado, reinar

convictions - convicciones; convicción

There was no living creature near the remains of the fire: animals, man, maiden, all were gone. It was only too clear that some sudden and terrible disaster had occurred during his absence-a disaster which had embraced them all, and yet had left no traces behind it.

Bewildered and stunned by this blow, Jefferson Hope felt his head spin round, and had to lean upon his rifle to save himself from falling. He was essentially a man of action, however, and speedily recovered from his temporary impotence. Seizing a half-consumed piece of wood from the smouldering fire, he blew it into a flame, and proceeded with its help to examine the little camp.

bewildered - perplejo; confundir, desconcertar

stunned - aturdido; anonadar, aturdir, pasmar, atontar

spin round - Girar en redondo

essentially - esencialmente, en esencia

temporary - temporal, provisional

seizing - incautando; (seize); agarrar, apoderarse de, apresar, aferrar

consumed - consumido; consumir, panish: t-needed

smouldering - Ardiendo; (smoulder) Ardiendo

blew - sopló; golpe

flame - flama, llama

Camp - campamento

The ground was all stamped down by the feet of horses, showing that a large party of mounted men had overtaken the fugitives, and the direction of their tracks proved that they had afterwards turned back to Salt Lake City. Had they carried back both of his companions with them? Jefferson Hope had almost persuaded himself that they must have done so, when his eye fell upon an object which made every nerve of his body tingle within him. A little way on one side of the camp was a low-lying heap of reddish soil, which had assuredly not been there before. There was no mistaking it for anything but a newly-dug grave. As the young hunter approached it, he perceived that a stick had been planted on it, with a sheet of paper stuck in the cleft fork of it. The inscription upon the paper was brief, but to the point:

stamped - Sellado; (stamp); estampado, sello, timbrar, franquear

tracks - pistas; rastro, huella, trilla, trillo, sendero, curso

persuaded - persuadido; persuadir

low-lying - (low-lying) bajo

newly - recién; nuevamente

sheet - hoja, folio, pliego, lámina, capa, escota

cleft - hendido; hendidura, grieta

fork - horquilla; tenedor



Formerly - anteriormente, otrora, antes, antano

Died August 4th, 1860.

The sturdy old man, whom he had left so short a time before, was gone, then, and this was all his epitaph. Jefferson Hope looked wildly round to see if there was a second grave, but there was no sign of one. Lucy had been carried back by their terrible pursuers to fulfil her original destiny, by becoming one of the harem of the Elder's son.

epitaph - epitafio

fulfil - cumplir

harem - harén

As the young fellow realized the certainty of her fate, and his own powerlessness to prevent it, he wished that he, too, was lying with the old farmer in his last silent resting-place.

certainty - seguridad; certeza

powerlessness - impotencia

prevent - impedir, prevenir

resting-place - (resting-place) un lugar de descanso

Again, however, his active spirit shook off the lethargy which springs from despair. If there was nothing else left to him, he could at least devote his life to revenge. With indomitable patience and perseverance, Jefferson Hope possessed also a power of sustained vindictiveness, which he may have learned from the Indians amongst whom he had lived. As he stood by the desolate fire, he felt that the only one thing which could assuage his grief would be thorough and complete retribution, brought by his own hand upon his enemies.

shook off - sacudir; librarse de

lethargy - aletargía; atonía, letargo, aletargamiento, sopor

devote - devota; dedicar

indomitable - indomable

sustained - sostenido; sostener, sustentar

vindictiveness - venganza; revanchismo

stood by - estar preparado; apoyar a alguien; mantenerse firme en; en espera; estar junto a

assuage - calmar, ain, apaciguar, sosegar

grief - duelo; pesar, pesadumbre, dolor, sufrimiento

thorough - completo; minucioso, exhaustivo

His strong will and untiring energy should, he determined, be devoted to that one end. With a grim, white face, he retraced his steps to where he had dropped the food, and having stirred up the smouldering fire, he cooked enough to last him for a few days. This he made up into a bundle, and, tired as he was, he set himself to walk back through the mountains upon the track of the avenging angels.

untiring - incansable, infatigable

devoted - Devoto

stirred up - provocar, suscitar

For five days he toiled footsore and weary through the defiles which he had already traversed on horseback. At night he flung himself down among the rocks, and snatched a few hours of sleep; but before daybreak he was always well on his way. On the sixth day, he reached the Eagle Cańon, from which they had commenced their ill-fated flight. Thence he could look down upon the home of the saints. Worn and exhausted, he leaned upon his rifle and shook his gaunt hand fiercely at the silent widespread city beneath him.

footsore - dolor de pies

horseback - a caballo

snatched - arrebatado; agarrar, arrebatar, arrancada, arranque

sixth - sexto, sexto

thence - desde ahí

look down - mirar hacia abajo

exhausted - exhausto; agotar, cansar, tubo de escape, gas de escape

fiercely - con fiereza; fieramente

widespread - difundido; amplio, común, extendido, extenso

As he looked at it, he observed that there were flags in some of the principal streets, and other signs of festivity. He was still speculating as to what this might mean when he heard the clatter of horse's hoofs, and saw a mounted man riding towards him. As he approached, he recognized him as a Mormon named Cowper, to whom he had rendered services at different times. He therefore accosted him when he got up to him, with the object of finding out what Lucy Ferrier's fate had been.

festivity - festividad

services - ervicios; servicio

accosted - acosado

finding out - averiguar, descubrir

"I am Jefferson Hope," he said. "You remember me."

The Mormon looked at him with undisguised astonishment-indeed, it was difficult to recognize in this tattered, unkempt wanderer, with ghastly white face and fierce, wild eyes, the spruce young hunter of former days. Having, however, at last, satisfied himself as to his identity, the man's surprise changed to consternation.

tattered - Jirones

unkempt - desalinado; desalinado, despeinado

spruce - abeto; pícea

identity - identidad

consternation - consternación, abatimiento, postración

"You are mad to come here," he cried. "It is as much as my own life is worth to be seen talking with you. There is a warrant against you from the Holy Four for assisting the Ferriers away."

mad - loco, trastornado, zumbado, enfadado, enojado

worth - vale la pena; valor

warrant - garantía, cédula, orden, garantizar

assisting - asistiendo; ayudar, asistir

"I don't fear them, or their warrant," Hope said, earnestly. "You must know something of this matter, Cowper. I conjure you by everything you hold dear to answer a few questions. We have always been friends. For God's sake, don't refuse to answer me."

For God's sake - Por el amor de Dios

"What is it?" the Mormon asked uneasily. "Be quick. The very rocks have ears and the trees eyes."

uneasily - Inquieta

"What has become of Lucy Ferrier?"

"She was married yesterday to young Drebber. Hold up, man, hold up, you have no life left in you."

"Don't mind me," said Hope faintly. He was white to the very lips, and had sunk down on the stone against which he had been leaning. "Married, you say?"

sunk down - se hundió

"Married yesterday-that's what those flags are for on the Endowment House. There was some words between young Drebber and young Stangerson as to which was to have her. They'd both been in the party that followed them, and Stangerson had shot her father, which seemed to give him the best claim; but when they argued it out in council, Drebber's party was the stronger, so the Prophet gave her over to him. No one won't have her very long though, for I saw death in her face yesterday.

Endowment - donación; dote, dotación

She is more like a ghost than a woman. Are you off, then?"

ghost - fantasma, espectro, espíritu, aparecido

"Yes, I am off," said Jefferson Hope, who had risen from his seat. His face might have been chiselled out of marble, so hard and set was its expression, while its eyes glowed with a baleful light.

chiselled - incelado; cincel

glowed - brillaba; fulgir, fulgurar, iluminar, brillar

baleful - funesto, torvo

"Where are you going?"

"Never mind," he answered; and, slinging his weapon over his shoulder, strode off down the gorge and so away into the heart of the mountains to the haunts of the wild beasts. Amongst them all there was none so fierce and so dangerous as himself.

slinging - eslinga; cabestrillo

gorge - desfiladero; barranco

haunts - recuerdos; frecuentar, espantar, desasosegar, inquietar

The prediction of the Mormon was only too well fulfilled. Whether it was the terrible death of her father or the effects of the hateful marriage into which she had been forced, poor Lucy never held up her head again, but pined away and died within a month. Her sottish husband, who had married her principally for the sake of John Ferrier's property, did not affect any great grief at his bereavement; but his other wives mourned over her, and sat up with her the night before the burial, as is the Mormon custom. They were grouped round the bier in the early hours of the morning, when, to their inexpressible fear and astonishment, the door was flung open, and a savage-looking, weather-beaten man in tattered garments strode into the room.

prediction - predicción

only too well - demasiado bien

fulfilled - cumplido; cumplir

hateful - odioso, detestable

sottish - espanol

principally - principalmente

sake - por, por motivo de; por el bien de

affect - afectar

bereavement - duelo, luto

mourned - lamentar, estar de luto

burial - entierro, soterramiento, enterramiento, sepultura

custom - habituación, costumbre, usanza, a medida, especializado

Without a glance or a word to the cowering women, he walked up to the white silent figure which had once contained the pure soul of Lucy Ferrier. Stooping over her, he pressed his lips reverently to her cold forehead, and then, snatching up her hand, he took the wedding-ring from her finger. "She shall not be buried in that," he cried with a fierce snarl, and before an alarm could be raised sprang down the stairs and was gone. So strange and so brief was the episode, that the watchers might have found it hard to believe it themselves or persuade other people of it, had it not been for the undeniable fact that the circlet of gold which marked her as having been a bride had disappeared.

cowering - acobardado; encogerse, empequenecerse, apocarse

contained - contenido; contener, dominar

reverently - con reverencia

snatching up - agarrar, tomar

buried - enterrado; enterrar

snarl - grunir

persuade - persuadir

undeniable - inegable; innegable, impepinable

disappeared - desapareció; desaparecer

For some months Jefferson Hope lingered among the mountains, leading a strange wild life, and nursing in his heart the fierce desire for vengeance which possessed him. Tales were told in the City of the weird figure which was seen prowling about the suburbs, and which haunted the lonely mountain gorges. Once a bullet whistled through Stangerson's window and flattened itself upon the wall within a foot of him. On another occasion, as Drebber passed under a cliff a great boulder crashed down on him, and he only escaped a terrible death by throwing himself upon his face.

lingered - permaneció; permanecer, demorar, persistir, perdurar, pervivir

desire - desear, deseo, gana

weird - raro

prowling - Merodeando; (prowl); acechar, merodear, aguaitar

suburbs - suburbios; afueras, arrabal, suburbio, extrarradio

haunted - hechizado; frecuentar, espantar, desasosegar, inquietar

whistled - silbó; silbato, pito, chifle, pitido

flattened - aplanado; aplanar, achatar, aplanarse, achatarse

cliff - acantilado

crashed - se estrelló; estruendo, estrépito

escaped - se escapó; escapar, liberarse, fugarse, eludir

The two young Mormons were not long in discovering the reason of these attempts upon their lives, and led repeated expeditions into the mountains in the hope of capturing or killing their enemy, but always without success. Then they adopted the precaution of never going out alone or after nightfall, and of having their houses guarded. After a time they were able to relax these measures, for nothing was either heard or seen of their opponent, and they hoped that time had cooled his vindictiveness.

attempts - intentos; intentar, tentativa, intento, ensayo

expeditions - expediciones; expedición

capturing - capturando; captura, capturar

killing - matando; mortal, asesinato; (kill) matando; mortal, asesinato

precaution - precaución

nightfall - al anochecer; anochecer

measures - medidas; medición, medida, regla, compás, medir

opponent - oponente, antagonista, contrincante, adversario, opositor

Far from doing so, it had, if anything, augmented it. The hunter's mind was of a hard, unyielding nature, and the predominant idea of revenge had taken such complete possession of it that there was no room for any other emotion. He was, however, above all things practical. He soon realized that even his iron constitution could not stand the incessant strain which he was putting upon it. Exposure and want of wholesome food were wearing him out.

augmented - aumentado; aumentar, incrementar

unyielding - inquebrantable; inflexible, obstinado, indefectible, firme

predominant - predominante

incessant - incesante

exposure - exposición, exposición, checkpublicidad, checkdenuncia

If he died like a dog among the mountains, what was to become of his revenge then? And yet such a death was sure to overtake him if he persisted. He felt that that was to play his enemy's game, so he reluctantly returned to the old Nevada mines, there to recruit his health and to amass money enough to allow him to pursue his object without privation.

overtake - rebasar, sobrepasar, adelantar, alcanzar, superar, sorprender

persisted - ersistió; persistir

reluctantly - a reganadientes, de mala gana, con renuencia

recruit - reemplazo, recluta, contratado, reclutar, reemplazar

amass - amasar, acumular

pursue - perseguir, apuntar a

His intention had been to be absent a year at the most, but a combination of unforeseen circumstances prevented his leaving the mines for nearly five. At the end of that time, however, his memory of his wrongs and his craving for revenge were quite as keen as on that memorable night when he had stood by John Ferrier's grave. Disguised, and under an assumed name, he returned to Salt Lake City, careless what became of his own life, as long as he obtained what he knew to be justice. There he found evil tidings awaiting him.

be absent - estar ausente

combination - combinación

unforeseen - imprevisto, inesperado

memory - memoria, recuerdo

craving - Ansias; (crave); anhelar, ansiar, implorar

memorable - memorable, inolvidable

disguised - disfrazado; disfraz, pantalla, tapadera, disfrazar

assumed name - nombre ficticio

careless - descuidado, irresponsable, negligente, dejado

obtained - obtenido; obtener, coger

evil tidings - malas noticias

There had been a schism among the Chosen People a few months before, some of the younger members of the Church having rebelled against the authority of the Elders, and the result had been the secession of a certain number of the malcontents, who had left Utah and become Gentiles. Among these had been Drebber and Stangerson; and no one knew whither they had gone. Rumour reported that Drebber had managed to convert a large part of his property into money, and that he had departed a wealthy man, while his companion, Stangerson, was comparatively poor. There was no clue at all, however, as to their whereabouts.

schism - cisma

secession - secesión

malcontents - malcontento

rumour - rumor

convert - convertirse; convertir, converso

wealthy - ricos; adinerado, rico, próspero, acomodado

comparatively - comparativamente

Many a man, however vindictive, would have abandoned all thought of revenge in the face of such a difficulty, but Jefferson Hope never faltered for a moment. With the small competence he possessed, eked out by such employment as he could pick up, he travelled from town to town through the United States in quest of his enemies. Year passed into year, his black hair turned grizzled, but still he wandered on, a human bloodhound, with his mind wholly set upon the one object upon which he had devoted his life. At last his perseverance was rewarded. It was but a glance of a face in a window, but that one glance told him that Cleveland in Ohio possessed the men whom he was in pursuit of.

vindictive - vindicativo, vengativo

faltered - aciló; dudar

competence - competencia, autorización, potestad, incumbencia

Eked - eked; hacer alcanzar, racionar

employment - empleo

States - estados; Estado, declarar, indicar

quest - busca, búsqueda

wholly - Por completo

rewarded - recompensado; recompensa

pursuit - persecución

He returned to his miserable lodgings with his plan of vengeance all arranged. It chanced, however, that Drebber, looking from his window, had recognized the vagrant in the street, and had read murder in his eyes. He hurried before a justice of the peace, accompanied by Stangerson, who had become his private secretary, and represented to him that they were in danger of their lives from the jealousy and hatred of an old rival. That evening Jefferson Hope was taken into custody, and not being able to find sureties, was detained for some weeks. When at last he was liberated, it was only to find that Drebber's house was deserted, and that he and his secretary had departed for Europe.

chanced - suerte, by chance: por casualidad

vagrant - vagabundo

peace - paz, sosiego

represented - representado; representar

jealousy - celo, celos, envidia

rival - rival

custody - custodia, patria potestad, tutela

sureties - fianzas; fianza, fiador

liberated - liberado; liberar

deserted - desierta; abandonar

Again the avenger had been foiled, and again his concentrated hatred urged him to continue the pursuit. Funds were wanting, however, and for some time he had to return to work, saving every dollar for his approaching journey. At last, having collected enough to keep life in him, he departed for Europe, and tracked his enemies from city to city, working his way in any menial capacity, but never overtaking the fugitives. When he reached St. Petersburg they had departed for Paris; and when he followed them there he learned that they had just set off for Copenhagen.

avenger - vengador, vengadora

foiled - frustrado; frustrar

concentrated - concentrar, concentrarse, concentrado

urged - te urge; impulso, impulsar, urgir, aguijonear, apresurar

continue - continuar, seguir

funds - fondos; fondo, capital, financiar, sufragar, patrocinar

saving - salvando; ahorro, ahorros, economías; (save); salvar, rescatar

collected - recogido; reunir, recopilar

tracked - rastreado; rastro, huella, trilla, trillo, sendero, curso

menial - menor; criado

overtaking - adelantamiento; rebasar, sobrepasar, adelantar, alcanzar

Petersburg - Petersburgo

At the Danish capital he was again a few days late, for they had journeyed on to London, where he at last succeeded in running them to earth. As to what occurred there, we cannot do better than quote the old hunter's own account, as duly recorded in Dr. Watson's Journal, to which we are already under such obligations.

Danish - danés, dinamarqués

quote - cita, comillas, presupuesto, cotización, citar, cotizar

recorded in - Grabado en

journal - diario; revista

obligations - obligaciones; obligación, compromiso, deber


continuation - continuación

reminiscences - recuerdos; reminiscencia

OUR prisoner's furious resistance did not apparently indicate any ferocity in his disposition towards ourselves, for on finding himself powerless, he smiled in an affable manner, and expressed his hopes that he had not hurt any of us in the scuffle.

furious - furioso

disposition - disposición; inclinación, temperamento, carácter

affable - afable, amable, tranquilo

"I guess you're going to take me to the police-station," he remarked to Sherlock Holmes. "My cab's at the door. If you'll loose my legs I'll walk down to it. I'm not so light to lift as I used to be."

loose - suelto; flojo

Gregson and Lestrade exchanged glances as if they thought this proposition rather a bold one; but Holmes at once took the prisoner at his word, and loosened the towel which we had bound round his ancles. 23 He rose and stretched his legs, as though to assure himself that they were free once more.

exchanged - intercambiado; cambiar

glances - miradas; ojear, echar un vistazo, mirar, pispear, vistazo

proposition - propuesta, proposición

loosened - aflojado; aflojar, soltar

towel - toalla

assure - asegurar

I remember that I thought to myself, as I eyed him, that I had seldom seen a more powerfully built man; and his dark sunburned face bore an expression of determination and energy which was as formidable as his personal strength.

powerfully - con fuerza; poderosamente

"If there's a vacant place for a chief of the police, I reckon you are the man for it," he said, gazing with undisguised admiration at my fellow-lodger. "The way you kept on my trail was a caution."

reckon - te parece; considerar

trail - seguir, arrastrar, rastro, pista, sendero

"You had better come with me," said Holmes to the two detectives.

"I can drive you," said Lestrade.

"Good! and Gregson can come inside with me. You too, Doctor, you have taken an interest in the case and may as well stick to us."

come inside - entrar

I assented gladly, and we all descended together. Our prisoner made no attempt at escape, but stepped calmly into the cab which had been his, and we followed him. Lestrade mounted the box, whipped up the horse, and brought us in a very short time to our destination. We were ushered into a small chamber where a police inspector noted down our prisoner's name and the names of the men with whose murder he had been charged.

assented - aceptó; asentir, consentir, asentimiento

stepped - pisado; estepa

ushered - acompanado; acomodador, acomodadora, gloss rotestant churches

police inspector - Inspector de policía

noted down - Anotado

charged - cargado; cargo, acusación, encargo, figura, acusar, cobrar

The official was a white-faced unemotional man, who went through his duties in a dull mechanical way. "The prisoner will be put before the magistrates in the course of the week," he said; "in the mean time, Mr. Jefferson Hope, have you anything that you wish to say? I must warn you that your words will be taken down, and may be used against you."

mechanical - mecánico

put before - Poner antes

magistrates - magistrados; magistrado, togado

warn - alertar, avisar, advertir

taken down - Retirado, quitado; anotado; derribado; humilado, burlado; arruinado; eliminado

"I've got a good deal to say," our prisoner said slowly. "I want to tell you gentlemen all about it."

"Hadn't you better reserve that for your trial?" asked the Inspector.

reserve - reserva, reservar

inspector - inspector

"I may never be tried," he answered. "You needn't look startled. It isn't suicide I am thinking of. Are you a Doctor?" He turned his fierce dark eyes upon me as he asked this last question.

needn - necesita

"Yes; I am," I answered.

"Then put your hand here," he said, with a smile, motioning with his manacled wrists towards his chest.

motioning - movimiento, moción

manacled - maniatado; esposas, manillas, esposar

I did so; and became at once conscious of an extraordinary throbbing and commotion which was going on inside. The walls of his chest seemed to thrill and quiver as a frail building would do inside when some powerful engine was at work. In the silence of the room I could hear a dull humming and buzzing noise which proceeded from the same source.

throbbing - palpitaciones; (throb); palpitar

commotion - conmoción

quiver - tiemblo; estremecer(se)

frail - frágil; débil, delicado

engine - motor

humming - Tarareando; (hum); tararear, canturrear

source - fuente, fontana, origen

"Why," I cried, "you have an aortic aneurism!"

aortic - aórtica; aórtico

aneurism - Aneurisma

"That's what they call it," he said, placidly. "I went to a Doctor last week about it, and he told me that it is bound to burst before many days passed. It has been getting worse for years. I got it from over-exposure and under-feeding among the Salt Lake Mountains.

placidly - Pacidamente

getting worse - empeorando

feeding - alimentación; (feed); alimentación

I've done my work now, and I don't care how soon I go, but I should like to leave some account of the business behind me. I don't want to be remembered as a common cut-throat."

The Inspector and the two detectives had a hurried discussion as to the advisability of allowing him to tell his story.

discussion - discusión

advisability - conveniencia

allowing - permitiendo; dejar, permitir, conceder

"Do you consider, Doctor, that there is immediate danger?" the former asked, 24

immediate - inmediata; inmediato

"Most certainly there is," I answered.

"In that case it is clearly our duty, in the interests of justice, to take his statement," said the Inspector. "You are at liberty, sir, to give your account, which I again warn you will be taken down."

liberty - libertad

"I'll sit down, with your leave," the prisoner said, suiting the action to the word. "This aneurism of mine makes me easily tired, and the tussle we had half an hour ago has not mended matters. I'm on the brink of the grave, and I am not likely to lie to you. Every word I say is the absolute truth, and how you use it is a matter of no consequence to me."

suiting - Traje; (suit); traje, terno, palo, convenir

easily - fácilmente

mended - reparado; remiendo, remendar, reparar

brink - al borde; borde

consequence - consecuencia

With these words, Jefferson Hope leaned back in his chair and began the following remarkable statement. He spoke in a calm and methodical manner, as though the events which he narrated were commonplace enough. I can vouch for the accuracy of the subjoined account, for I have had access to Lestrade's note-book, in which the prisoner's words were taken down exactly as they were uttered.

Narrated - narrado; narrar, contar

vouch for - responder por, dar fe de

accuracy - exactitud, precisión, tino

subjoined - Complementar

access - acceso, entrada

"It don't much matter to you why I hated these men," he said; "it's enough that they were guilty of the death of two human beings-a father and a daughter-and that they had, therefore, forfeited their own lives. After the lapse of time that has passed since their crime, it was impossible for me to secure a conviction against them in any court.

guilty - culpable

beings - seres; ser, criatura, existencia

forfeited - perdido; penalización, perder, rendir

lapse - lapso, desliz, prescripción

secure - seguro, resguardado, confiable, aplomado

conviction - convicción

I knew of their guilt though, and I determined that I should be judge, jury, and executioner all rolled into one. You'd have done the same, if you have any manhood in you, if you had been in my place.

guilt - culpa, culpabilidad

judge - juez; juzgar

jury - jurado

executioner - ejecutor; verdugo, carnífice, sicario, asesino a sueldo

manhood - humanidad, virilidad, masculinidad, hombría

"That girl that I spoke of was to have married me twenty years ago. She was forced into marrying that same Drebber, and broke her heart over it. I took the marriage ring from her dead finger, and I vowed that his dying eyes should rest upon that very ring, and that his last thoughts should be of the crime for which he was punished. I have carried it about with me, and have followed him and his accomplice over two continents until I caught them.

marrying - casarse

vowed - prometido; voto, manda, promesa

rest upon - apoyarse en; depender de; basarse en

continents - continentes; continente

They thought to tire me out, but they could not do it. If I die to-morrow, as is likely enough, I die knowing that my work in this world is done, and well done. They have perished, and by my hand. There is nothing left for me to hope for, or to desire.

tire - neumático

perished - pereció; perecer

"They were rich and I was poor, so that it was no easy matter for me to follow them. When I got to London my pocket was about empty, and I found that I must turn my hand to something for my living. Driving and riding are as natural to me as walking, so I applied at a cabowner's office, and soon got employment. I was to bring a certain sum a week to the owner, and whatever was over that I might keep for myself.

applied - plicado; aplicar

cabowner - Propietario de taxi

sum - suma

There was seldom much over, but I managed to scrape along somehow. The hardest job was to learn my way about, for I reckon that of all the mazes that ever were contrived, this city is the most confusing. I had a map beside me though, and when once I had spotted the principal hotels and stations, I got on pretty well.

mazes - laberintos; laberinto, desconcertar

contrived - ingenioso; idear, improvisar

confusing - confuso; confundir, confundirse, mezclar

spotted - manchado; mancha, grano, poquito, poquita, zona, paraje

"It was some time before I found out where my two gentlemen were living; but I inquired and inquired until at last I dropped across them. They were at a boarding-house at Camberwell, over on the other side of the river. When once I found them out I knew that I had them at my mercy.

I had grown my beard, and there was No chance of their recognizing me. I would dog them and follow them until I saw my opportunity. I was determined that they should not escape me again.

No chance - No hay posibilidad

recognizing - reconociendo; reconocer

"They were very near doing it for all that. Go where they would about London, I was always at their heels. Sometimes I followed them on my cab, and sometimes on foot, but the former was the best, for then they could not get away from me.

It was only early in the morning or late at night that I could earn anything, so that I began to get behind hand with my employer. I did not mind that, however, as long as I could lay my hand upon the men I wanted.

earn - ganar

"They were very cunning, though. They must have thought that there was some chance of their being followed, for they would never go out alone, and never after nightfall. During two weeks I drove behind them every day, and never once saw them separate. Drebber himself was drunk half the time, but Stangerson was not to be caught napping.

cunning - astucia; astuto

never once - ni una vez

separate - separado, separar, disgregar

be caught - estar atrapado, pillado

napping - siesta

I watched them late and early, but never saw the ghost of a chance; but I was not discouraged, for something told me that the hour had almost come. My only fear was that this thing in my chest might burst a little too soon and leave my work undone.

the ghost of a chance - la más remota posibilidad

discouraged - desanimado; descorazonar, acobardar, desalentar, persuadir

undone - deshecho; deshacer

"At last, one evening I was driving up and down Torquay Terrace, as the street was called in which they boarded, when I saw a cab drive up to their door. Presently some luggage was brought out, and after a time Drebber and Stangerson followed it, and drove off. I whipped up my horse and kept within sight of them, feeling very ill at ease, for I feared that they were going to shift their quarters. At Euston Station they got out, and I left a boy to hold my horse, and followed them on to the platform. I heard them ask for the Liverpool train, and the guard answer that one had just gone and there would not be another for some hours. Stangerson seemed to be put out at that, but Drebber was rather pleased than otherwise. I got so close to them in the bustle that I could hear every word that passed between them.

luggage - equipaje

brought out - sacar; lanzar

feared - miedo, temor

shift - turno, cambio, desviación, deslizamiento, desplazamiento

guard - guarda, guardia, guardés, guarda, tapador, bloque

Drebber said that he had a little business of his own to do, and that if the other would wait for him he would soon rejoin him. His companion remonstrated with him, and reminded him that they had resolved to stick together. Drebber answered that the matter was a delicate one, and that he must go alone. I could not catch what Stangerson said to that, but the other burst out swearing, and reminded him that he was nothing more than his paid servant, and that he must not presume to dictate to him. On that the Secretary gave it up as a bad job, and simply bargained with him that if he missed the last train he should rejoin him at Halliday's Private Hotel; to which Drebber answered that he would be back on the platform before eleven, and made his way out of the station.

rejoin - Reincorporarse

remonstrated - remonstrated; quejarse

stick together - mantenerse unidos, estar pegados

swearing - jurando; (swear) jurando

dictate - orden, ordenar, dictar

bad job - Mal trabajo

bargained - negociado; trato, ganga, bicoca, chollo, regatear

"The moment for which I had waited so long had at last come. I had my enemies within my power. Together they could protect each other, but singly they were at my mercy. I did not act, however, with undue precipitation. My plans were already formed. There is no satisfaction in vengeance unless the offender has time to realize who it is that strikes him, and why retribution has come upon him. I had my plans arranged by which I should have the opportunity of making the man who had wronged me understand that his old sin had found him out.

protect - proteger, defensar

singly - solo

undue - desproporcionado, injustificado, indebido, no debido

precipitation - precipitación

offender - ofensor, delincuente

strikes - huelgas; tachar, borrar, golpear, pegar, acunar

It chanced that some days before a gentleman who had been engaged in looking over some houses in the Brixton Road had dropped the key of one of them in my carriage. It was claimed that same evening, and returned; but in the interval I had taken a moulding of it, and had a duplicate constructed. By means of this I had access to at least one spot in this great city where I could rely upon being free from interruption. How to get Drebber to that house was the difficult problem which I had now to solve.

interval - intervalo

moulding - Moldeo; (mould) Moldeo

duplicate - duplicado, duplicar, repetir, duplicado

constructed - construido; construcción, constructo, construir

rely - confiar; contar con, atenerse

interruption - interrupción, paréntesis

"He walked down the road and went into one or two liquor shops, staying for nearly half-an-hour in the last of them. When he came out he staggered in his walk, and was evidently pretty well on. There was a hansom just in front of me, and he hailed it. I followed it so close that the nose of my horse was within a yard of his driver the whole way. We rattled across Waterloo Bridge and through miles of streets, until, to my astonishment, we found ourselves back in the Terrace in which he had boarded.

Bridge - puente

I could not imagine what his intention was in returning there; but I went on and pulled up my cab a hundred yards or so from the house. He entered it, and his hansom drove away. Give me a glass of water, if you please. My mouth gets dry with the talking."

drove away - se alejó

I handed him the glass, and he drank it down.

"That's better," he said. "Well, I waited for a quarter of an hour, or more, when suddenly there came a noise like people struggling inside the house. Next moment the door was flung open and two men appeared, one of whom was Drebber, and the other was a young chap whom I had never seen before. This fellow had Drebber by the collar, and when they came to the head of the steps he gave him a shove and a kick which sent him half across the road.

shove - empujar

kick - patear; dar un puntapié, golpear con el pie, dar una patada a

'You hound,'he cried, shaking his stick at him; 'I'll teach you to insult an honest girl!'He was so hot that I think he would have thrashed Drebber with his cudgel, only that the cur staggered away down the road as fast as his legs would carry him. He ran as far as the corner, and then, seeing my cab, he hailed me and jumped in. 'Drive me to Halliday's Private Hotel,'said he.

insult - insultar, insulto, ofensa, improperio

thrashed - golpeado; vapulear

cur - chucho, quiltro

"When I had him fairly inside my cab, my heart jumped so with joy that I feared lest at this last moment my aneurism might go wrong. I drove along slowly, weighing in my own mind what it was best to do. I might take him right out into the country, and there in some deserted lane have my last interview with him. I had almost decided upon this, when he solved the problem for me. The craze for drink had seized him again, and he ordered me to pull up outside a gin palace.

go wrong - equivocarse; salir mal

solved - resuelto; resolver, solucionar, solventar

craze - ocura; panish: t-needed

pull - tirar, jalar, halar, tirón, ligar

Palace - palacio

He went in, leaving word that I should wait for him. There he remained until closing time, and when he came out he was so far gone that I knew the game was in my own hands.

closing time - la hora de cierre

"Don't imagine that I intended to kill him in cold blood. It would only have been rigid justice if I had done so, but I could not bring myself to do it. I had long determined that he should have a show for his life if he chose to take advantage of it. Among the many billets which I have filled in America during my wandering life, I was once janitor and sweeper out of the laboratory at York College. One day the professor was lecturing on poisions, 25 and he showed his students some alkaloid, as he called it, which he had extracted from some South American arrow poison, and which was so powerful that the least grain meant instant death.

kill - matar, asesinar

billets - ochos; alojamiento, acuartelamiento

wandering - deambulando; errabundo, andariego, errante, peripatético

janitor - conserje, bedel, portero, portera

sweeper - barredora; barrendero

professor - profesor, profesora

lecturing - dando conferencias; conferencia

poisions - oisions

extracted - extraído; extracto, fragmento, pasaje, extraer, sacar

arrow - flecha

I spotted the bottle in which this preparation was kept, and when they were all gone, I helped myself to a little of it. I was a fairly good dispenser, so I worked this alkaloid into small, soluble pills, and each pill I put in a box with a similar pill made without the poison. I determined at the time that when I had my chance, my gentlemen should each have a draw out of one of these boxes, while I ate the pill that remained. It would be quite as deadly, and a good deal less noisy than firing across a handkerchief. From that day I had always my pill boxes about with me, and the time had now come when I was to use them.

preparation - preparación

dispenser - dispensador

noisy - ruidoso

handkerchief - panuelo; panuelo

"It was nearer one than twelve, and a wild, bleak night, blowing hard and raining in torrents. Dismal as it was outside, I was glad within-so glad that I could have shouted out from pure exultation. If any of you gentlemen have ever pined for a thing, and longed for it during twenty long years, and then suddenly found it within your reach, you would understand my feelings. I lit a cigar, and puffed at it to steady my nerves, but my hands were trembling, and my temples throbbing with excitement.

blowing - soplando; golpe

torrents - orrentes; torrente

dismal - lúgubre; mísero, miserable, triste, deprimente

longed for - Anhelar, desear, esperar

temples - templos; templo

As I drove, I could see old John Ferrier and sweet Lucy looking at me out of the darkness and smiling at me, just as plain as I see you all in this room. All the way they were ahead of me, one on each side of the horse until I pulled up at the house in the Brixton Road.

sweet - dulcemente, dulce, caramelo, chuche, confite

ahead - al frente de, delante de, adelante

"There was not a soul to be seen, nor a sound to be heard, except the dripping of the rain. When I looked in at the window, I found Drebber all huddled together in a drunken sleep. I shook him by the arm, 'It's time to get out,'I said.

dripping - goteo; chorreo; (drip) goteo; chorreo

looked in - mirar dentro; buscar en

drunken - Borracho

"'All right, cabby,'said he.

"I suppose he thought we had come to the hotel that he had mentioned, for he got out without another word, and followed me down the garden. I had to walk beside him to keep him steady, for he was still a little top-heavy. When we came to the door, I opened it, and led him into the front room. I give you my word that all the way, the father and the daughter were walking in front of us.

mentioned - mencionado; mención, mencionar, mentar

"'It's infernally dark,'said he, stamping about.

infernally - infernalmente

stamping - Sello; (stamp); estampado, sello, timbrar, franquear

"'We'll soon have a light,'I said, striking a match and putting it to a wax candle which I had brought with me. 'Now, Enoch Drebber,'I continued, turning to him, and holding the light to my own face, 'who am I?'

striking - sorprendente; llamativo, imponente

"He gazed at me with bleared, drunken eyes for a moment, and then I saw a horror spring up in them, and convulse his whole features, which showed me that he knew me. He staggered back with a livid face, and I saw the perspiration break out upon his brow, while his teeth chattered in his head.

spring up - brotar; aparecer; alzarse

convulse - convulsiones; convulsionar, crispar

break out - estallar; escapar; librar(se)

At the sight, I leaned my back against the door and laughed loud and long. I had always known that vengeance would be sweet, but I had never hoped for the contentment of soul which now possessed me.

hoped for - esperar algo, contar con

contentment - satisfacción

"'You dog!'I said; 'I have hunted you from Salt Lake City to St. Petersburg, and you have always escaped me. Now, at last your wanderings have come to an end, for either you or I shall never see to-morrow's sun rise.'He shrunk still further away as I spoke, and I could see on his face that he thought I was mad.

So I was for the time. The pulses in my temples beat like sledge-hammers, and I believe I would have had a fit of some sort if the blood had not gushed from my nose and relieved me.

pulses - pulsos; pulso

sledge - trineo

hammers - martillos; martillo, percutor, malleus, martillar

gushed - con efusión; manar, salir a borbotones, brotar, hacer efusión

"'What do you think of Lucy Ferrier now?'I cried, locking the door, and shaking the key in his face. 'Punishment has been slow in coming, but it has overtaken you at last.'I saw his coward lips tremble as I spoke. He would have begged for his life, but he knew well that it was useless.

locking - cerrando; cerradura

punishment - castigo, penitencia, checkpenitencia

coward - cobarde, gallina

tremble - tiritar, temblar, temblor, vibración, temblequera

begged - suplicó; pedir

"'Would you murder me?'he stammered.

"'There is no murder,'I answered. 'Who talks of murdering a mad dog? What mercy had you upon my poor darling, when you dragged her from her slaughtered father, and bore her away to your accursed and shameless harem.'

murdering - asesinando; asesinato, asesinar, cepillarse, devorar

slaughtered - masacrados; matanza, masacre, carnicería, escabechina, matar

accursed - exacto

shameless - sinvergüenza; desvergonzado, caradura, descarado, impúdico

"'It was not I who killed her father,'he cried.

"'But it was you who broke her innocent heart,'I shrieked, thrusting the box before him. 'Let the high God judge between us. Choose and eat. There is death in one and life in the other. I shall take what you leave. Let us see if there is justice upon the earth, or if we are ruled by chance.'

shrieked - chilló; alarido, chillido, chillar

thrusting - Empujando; (thrust); estocada, empuje, envión, impulso, énfasis

by chance - Por casualidad

"He cowered away with wild cries and prayers for mercy, but I drew my knife and held it to his throat until he had obeyed me. Then I swallowed the other, and we stood facing one another in silence for a minute or more, waiting to see which was to live and which was to die. Shall I ever forget the look which came over his face when the first warning pangs told him that the poison was in his system?

cowered - acobardado; encogerse, empequenecerse, apocarse

prayers - Oración

swallowed - tragado; tragar, engullir

pangs - angustias; punzada, dolor agudo

I laughed as I saw it, and held Lucy's marriage ring in front of his eyes. It was but for a moment, for the action of the alkaloid is rapid. A spasm of pain contorted his features; he threw his hands out in front of him, staggered, and then, with a hoarse cry, fell heavily upon the floor. I turned him over with my foot, and placed my hand upon his heart. There was no movement. He was dead!

spasm - espasmo, acceso

contorted - contorcida; contorsionar

hands out - repartir

"The blood had been streaming from my nose, but I had taken no notice of it. I don't know what it was that put it into my head to write upon the wall with it. Perhaps it was some mischievous idea of setting the police upon a wrong track, for I felt light-hearted and cheerful. I remembered a German being found in New York with RACHE written up above him, and it was argued at the time in the newspapers that the secret societies must have done it. I guessed that what puzzled the New Yorkers would puzzle the Londoners, so I dipped my finger in my own blood and printed it on a convenient place on the wall. Then I walked down to my cab and found that there was nobody about, and that the night was still very wild.

streaming - treaming; (stream); corriente, flujo, arroyo, fluir

mischievous - pícaro, travieso

setting - configuración, ajustes, poniente; (set); configuración, ajustes

light-hearted - (light-hearted) alegre, ligero, desenfadado

puzzle - rompecabezas, enigma, puzle, acertijo, intrigar, dejar perplejo

Londoners - londinenses; londinense

dipped - sumergido; mojar

Convenient - conveniente, cómodo

I had driven some distance when I put my hand into the pocket in which I usually kept Lucy's ring, and found that it was not there. I was thunderstruck at this, for it was the only memento that I had of her. Thinking that I might have dropped it when I stooped over Drebber's body, I drove back, and leaving my cab in a side street, I went boldly up to the house-for I was ready to dare anything rather than lose the ring. When I arrived there, I walked right into the arms of a police-officer who was coming out, and only managed to disarm his suspicions by pretending to be hopelessly drunk.

memento - recuerdo

stooped - encorvado; inclinarse, agacharse

side street - la calle lateral

boldly - con valentía; audazmente, valientemente

dare - te atreves; atraverse, osar

officer - oficial

disarm - desarmar

pretending - fingiendo; fingir, de mentirijillas

"That was how Enoch Drebber came to his end. All I had to do then was to do as much for Stangerson, and so pay off John Ferrier's debt. I knew that he was staying at Halliday's Private Hotel, and I hung about all day, but he never came out. 26 fancy that he suspected something when Drebber failed to put in an appearance. He was cunning, was Stangerson, and always on his guard. If he thought he could keep me off by staying indoors he was very much mistaken.

debt - deuda, pufo

hung about - frecuentar, esperar

I soon found out which was the window of his bedroom, and early next morning I took advantage of some ladders which were lying in the lane behind the hotel, and so made my way into his room in the grey of the dawn. I woke him up and told him that the hour had come when he was to answer for the life he had taken so long before. I described Drebber's death to him, and I gave him the same choice of the poisoned pills. Instead of grasping at the chance of safety which that offered him, he sprang from his bed and flew at my throat. In self-defence I stabbed him to the heart. It would have been the same in any case, for Providence would never have allowed his guilty hand to pick out anything but the poison.

ladders - escaleras; escalera, escalafón, carrera

grasping - agarrando; agarrar, asir, comprender, asimiento, comprensión

defence - defensa

stabbed - apunalado; apunalar

Providence - providencia; Providence

"I have little more to say, and it's as well, for I am about done up. I went on cabbing it for a day or so, intending to keep at it until I could save enough to take me back to America. I was standing in the yard when a ragged youngster asked if there was a cabby there called Jefferson Hope, and said that his cab was wanted by a gentleman at 221B, Baker Street.

cabbing - cabalgando; taxi

ragged - Desgarrado; (rag) Desgarrado

youngster - jovenzuelo

I went round, suspecting no harm, and the next thing I knew, this young man here had the bracelets on my wrists, and as neatly snackled 27 as ever I saw in my life. That's the whole of my story, gentlemen. You may consider me to be a murderer; but I hold that I am just as much an officer of justice as you are."

suspecting - barruntar, sospechar, sospechoso

bracelets - pulseras; brazalete, pulsera

snackled - Golpeado

So thrilling had the man's narrative been, and his manner was so impressive that we had sat silent and absorbed. Even the professional detectives, blasé as they were in every detail of crime, appeared to be keenly interested in the man's story. When he finished we sat for some minutes in a stillness which was only broken by the scratching of Lestrade's pencil as he gave the finishing touches to his shorthand account.

touches - toques; tocar, conmover, toque, toque, tacto, pizca

"There is only one point on which I should like a little more information," Sherlock Holmes said at last. "Who was your accomplice who came for the ring which I advertised?"

advertised - publicitado; anunciar, hacer publicidad, publicitar

The prisoner winked at my friend jocosely. "I can tell my own secrets," he said, "but I don't get other people into trouble. I saw your advertisement, and I thought it might be a plant, or it might be the ring which I wanted. My friend volunteered to go and see. I think you'll own he did it smartly."

winked - guinó el ojo; guinar el ojo

jocosely - Jocosamente

secrets - secretos; secreto, arcano

"Not a doubt of that," said Holmes heartily.

"Now, gentlemen," the Inspector remarked gravely, "the forms of the law must be complied with. On Thursday the prisoner will be brought before the magistrates, and your attendance will be required. Until then I will be responsible for him." He rang the bell as he spoke, and Jefferson Hope was led off by a couple of warders, while my friend and I made our way out of the Station and took a cab back to Baker Street.

complied - cumplió; cumplir, acceder a, acatar

attendance - asistencia, presencia

required - es necesario; requerir, necesitar


WE had all been warned to appear before the magistrates upon the Thursday; but when the Thursday came there was no occasion for our testimony. A higher Judge had taken the matter in hand, and Jefferson Hope had been summoned before a tribunal where strict justice would be meted out to him.

testimony - testimonio

summoned - convocado; convocar

strict - estricto

On the very night after his capture the aneurism burst, and he was found in the morning stretched upon the floor of the cell, with a placid smile upon his face, as though he had been able in his dying moments to look back upon a useful life, and on work well done.

capture - captura, capturar

cell - célula; celda

"Gregson and Lestrade will be wild about his death," Holmes remarked, as we chatted it over next evening. "Where will their grand advertisement be now?"

chatted - chateado; charlar, hablar

grand - grande; magnífico, espléndido, imponente

"I don't see that they had very much to do with his capture," I answered.

"What you do in this world is a matter of no consequence," returned my companion, bitterly. "The question is, what can you make people believe that you have done. Never mind," he continued, more brightly, after a pause. "I would not have missed the investigation for anything. There has been no better case within my recollection. Simple as it was, there were several most instructive points about it."

investigation - investigación

instructive - informativo, instructivo, aleccionador

"Simple!" I ejaculated.

"Well, really, it can hardly be described as otherwise," said Sherlock Holmes, smiling at my surprise. "The proof of its intrinsic simplicity is, that without any help save a few very ordinary deductions I was able to lay my hand upon the criminal within three days."

intrinsic - intrínseca; intrínseco

simplicity - simplicidad, sencillez, llano

criminal - criminal

"That is true," said I.

"I have already explained to you that what is out of the common is usually a guide rather than a hindrance. In solving a problem of this sort, the grand thing is to be able to reason backwards. That is a very useful accomplishment, and a very easy one, but people do not practise it much.

hindrance - obstáculo, rémora, traba, impedimento

solving - resolviendo; resolver, solucionar, solventar

accomplishment - logro, éxito

In the every-day affairs of life it is more useful to reason forwards, and so the other comes to be neglected. There are fifty who can reason synthetically for one who can reason analytically."

affairs - asuntos; negocio, asunto, rollo, amorío, aventura

synthetically - sintéticamente

analytically - analíticamente

"I confess," said I, "that I do not quite follow you."

"I hardly expected that you would. Let me see if I can make it clearer. Most people, if you describe a train of events to them, will tell you what the result would be. They can put those events together in their minds, and argue from them that something will come to pass.

argue - argumentar, debatir, discutir

There are few people, however, who, if you told them a result, would be able to evolve from their own inner consciousness what the steps were which led up to that result. This power is what I mean when I talk of reasoning backwards, or analytically."

evolve - progresar, evolucionar, desarrollar

consciousness - conciencia

"I understand," said I.

"Now this was a case in which you were given the result and had to find everything else for yourself. Now let me endeavour to show you the different steps in my reasoning. To begin at the beginning. I approached the house, as you know, on foot, and with my mind entirely free from all impressions. I naturally began by examining the roadway, and there, as I have already explained to you, I saw clearly the marks of a cab, which, I ascertained by inquiry, must have been there during the night.

endeavour - esfuerzo; esforzarse

ascertained - averiguado; averiguar, determinar, establecer, definir

I satisfied myself that it was a cab and not a private carriage by the narrow gauge of the wheels. The ordinary London growler is considerably less wide than a gentleman's brougham.

narrow gauge - vía estrecha

growler - G growler

"This was the first point gained. I then walked slowly down the garden path, which happened to be composed of a clay soil, peculiarly suitable for taking impressions. No doubt it appeared to you to be a mere trampled line of slush, but to my trained eyes every mark upon its surface had a meaning. There is no branch of detective science which is so important and so much neglected as the art of tracing footsteps. Happily, I have always laid great stress upon it, and much practice has made it second nature to me. I saw the heavy footmarks of the constables, but I saw also the track of the two men who had first passed through the garden. It was easy to tell that they had been before the others, because in places their marks had been entirely obliterated by the others coming upon the top of them.

be composed of - estar compuesto de

suitable - adecuado; apropiado, indicado

trampled - pisoteado; pisotear, hollar, maltratar, humillar, ofender

slush - nieve fangasa, nieve a medio derretir, nieve semiderretida

branch - rama, sucursal, delegación, filial, ramo, ramificar

tracing - Rastreo; (trace) Rastreo

Happily - afortunadamente, felizmente, alegremente, dichosamente

footmarks - Marca del pie

obliterated - oliterado; remover, borrar, destruir, obliterar

In this way my second link was formed, which told me that the nocturnal visitors were two in number, one remarkable for his height (as I calculated from the length of his stride), and the other fashionably dressed, to judge from the small and elegant impression left by his boots.

nocturnal - nocturno, noctámbulo, trasnochador

elegant - elegante, chic

"On entering the house this last inference was confirmed. My well-booted man lay before me. The tall one, then, had done the murder, if murder there was. There was no wound upon the dead man's person, but the agitated expression upon his face assured me that he had foreseen his fate before it came upon him. Men who die from heart disease, or any sudden natural cause, never by any chance exhibit agitation upon their features. Having sniffed the dead man's lips I detected a slightly sour smell, and I came to the conclusion that he had had poison forced upon him.

inference - inferencia, ilación

agitated - agitado; agitar, perturbar

foreseen - previsto; pronosticar, prever, antever

exhibit - exhibir, exponer, prueba documental, prueba instrumental

sour - agrio, ácido, acedo, acidez

Again, I argued that it had been forced upon him from the hatred and fear expressed upon his face. By the method of exclusion, I had arrived at this result, for no other hypothesis would meet the facts. Do not imagine that it was a very unheard of idea. The forcible administration of poison is by no means a new thing in criminal annals. The cases of Dolsky in Odessa, and of Leturier in Montpellier, will occur at once to any toxicologist.

exclusion - exclusión

unheard - No se oye

forcible - forzable, poderoso, potente, forzado, forzoso

annals - anales; anal

Odessa - Odesa, Odessa

occur - ocurren; ocurrir, acaecer, presentar

toxicologist - toxólogo; toxicólogo, toxicóloga

"And now came the great question as to the reason why. Robbery had not been the object of the murder, for nothing was taken. Was it politics, then, or was it a woman? That was the question which confronted me. I was inclined from the first to the latter supposition. Political assassins are only too glad to do their work and to fly. This murder had, on the contrary, been done most deliberately, and the perpetrator had left his tracks all over the room, showing that he had been there all the time. It must have been a private wrong, and not a political one, which called for such a methodical revenge.

assassins - asesinos; asesino, asesina

contrary - contrario

perpetrator - autor; perpetrador

When the inscription was discovered upon the wall I was more inclined than ever to my opinion. The thing was too evidently a blind. When the ring was found, however, it settled the question. Clearly the murderer had used it to remind his victim of some dead or absent woman. It was at this point that I asked Gregson whether he had enquired in his telegram to Cleveland as to any particular point in Mr. Drebber's former career. He answered, you remember, in the negative.

enquired - Preguntar

"I then proceeded to make a careful examination of the room, which confirmed me in my opinion as to the murderer's height, and furnished me with the additional details as to the Trichinopoly cigar and the length of his nails. I had already come to the conclusion, since there were no signs of a struggle, that the blood which covered the floor had burst from the murderer's nose in his excitement. I could perceive that the track of blood coincided with the track of his feet.

additional - adicional, extra, de más

coincided - coincidieron; coincidir

It is seldom that any man, unless he is very full-blooded, breaks out in this way through emotion, so I hazarded the opinion that the criminal was probably a robust and ruddy-faced man. Events proved that I had judged correctly.

breaks out - estallar; escapar; librar(se)

hazarded - arriesgado; riesgo, peligro, arriesgar, peligrar, aventurar

robust - robusto

correctly - correctamente

"Having left the house, I proceeded to do what Gregson had neglected. I telegraphed to the head of the police at Cleveland, limiting my enquiry to the circumstances connected with the marriage of Enoch Drebber. The answer was conclusive. It told me that Drebber had already applied for the protection of the law against an old rival in love, named Jefferson Hope, and that this same Hope was at present in Europe.

limiting - limitante; (limit) limitante

connected - conectados; conectar

conclusive - concluyente, conclusivo, decisivo

applied for - se ha solicitado

I knew now that I held the clue to the mystery in my hand, and all that remained was to secure the murderer.

"I had already determined in my own mind that the man who had walked into the house with Drebber, was none other than the man who had driven the cab. The marks in the road showed me that the horse had wandered on in a way which would have been impossible had there been anyone in charge of it. Where, then, could the driver be, unless he were inside the house? Again, it is absurd to suppose that any sane man would carry out a deliberate crime under the very eyes, as it were, of a third person, who was sure to betray him.

absurd - absurdo, absurdo

sane - sano; cuerdo

deliberate - deliberada; deliberado, a propósito, prudente, deliberar

betray - traicionar, entregar, vender, delatar, demostrar

Lastly, supposing one man wished to dog another through London, what better means could he adopt than to turn cabdriver. All these considerations led me to the irresistible conclusion that Jefferson Hope was to be found among the jarveys of the Metropolis.

adopt - adoptar, ahijar

considerations - consideraciones; consideración

irresistible - irresistible

"If he had been one there was no reason to believe that he had ceased to be. On the contrary, from his point of view, any sudden change would be likely to draw attention to himself. He would, probably, for a time at least, continue to perform his duties. There was no reason to suppose that he was going under an assumed name. Why should he change his name in a country where no one knew his original one? I therefore organized my Street Arab detective corps, and sent them systematically to every cab proprietor in London until they ferreted out the man that I wanted. How well they succeeded, and how quickly I took advantage of it, are still fresh in your recollection.

ceased - esado; cesar, parar, terminar

perform - actuar; hacer, realizar, efectuar, ejecutar

organized - organizado; organizar

Arab - árabe, árabe

systematically - sistemáticamente

Proprietor - propietario

ferreted - ferreteado; hurón

The murder of Stangerson was an incident which was entirely unexpected, but which could hardly in any case have been prevented. Through it, as you know, I came into possession of the pills, the existence of which I had already surmised. You see the whole thing is a chain of logical sequences without a break or flaw."

surmised - suponer, conjeturar, presumir

logical - lógico

sequences - secuencias; secuencia

flaw - defecto

"It is wonderful!" I cried. "Your merits should be publicly recognized. You should publish an account of the case. If you won't, I will for you."

merits - méritos; mérito, merecimiento, meritar

publicly - públicamente

publish - publicar, divulgar

"You may do what you like, Doctor," he answered. "See here!" he continued, handing a paper over to me, "look at this!"

It was the Echo for the day, and the paragraph to which he pointed was devoted to the case in question.

"The public," it said, "have lost a sensational treat through the sudden death of the man Hope, who was suspected of the murder of Mr. Enoch Drebber and of Mr. Joseph Stangerson. The details of the case will probably be never known now, though we are informed upon good authority that the crime was the result of an old standing and romantic feud, in which love and Mormonism bore a part. It seems that both the victims belonged, in their younger days, to the Latter Day Saints, and Hope, the deceased prisoner, hails also from Salt Lake City. If the case has had no other effect, it, at least, brings out in the most striking manner the efficiency of our detective police force, and will serve as a lesson to all foreigners that they will do wisely to settle their feuds at home, and not to carry them on to British soil.

public - público, público

sudden death - muerte súbita

romantic - romántico, romántico, romántica

Mormonism - mormonismo

hails - saludos; granizo

most striking - el más llamativo/impresionante

efficiency - eficiencia

wisely - sabiamente

feuds - nemistades; enemistad

It is an open secret that the credit of this smart capture belongs entirely to the well-known Scotland Yard officials, Messrs. Lestrade and Gregson. The man was apprehended, it appears, in the rooms of a certain Mr. Sherlock Holmes, who has himself, as an amateur, shown some talent in the detective line, and who, with such instructors, may hope in time to attain to some degree of their skill. It is expected that a testimonial of some sort will be presented to the two officers as a fitting recognition of their services."

officials - funcionarios; oficial, funcionario

apprehended - etenido; aprehender, entender, comprender, captar

talent - talento, talentosos, talentoso

instructors - instructores; instructor, instructora

testimonial - testimonio; referencias

"didn't I tell you so when we started?" cried Sherlock Holmes with a laugh. "That's the result of all our Study in Scarlet: to get them a testimonial!"

didn't I - ?no es así?

"Never mind," I answered, "I have all the facts in my journal, and the public shall know them. In the meantime you must make yourself contented by the consciousness of success, like the Roman miser-

Roman - romano, romano, romana, Román

miser - miserable; tacano, rata, pesetero, tacano

"'Populus me sibilat, at mihi plaudo

sibilat - ibilat

Ipse domi simul ac nummos contemplor in arca.'"

simul - simulacro

Ac - CA, corriente alterna

nummos - números

contemplor - contemplador


Transcriber - transcriptor, transcriptora, trascriptor, trascriptora

1 (return)

[ Frontispiece, with the caption: "He examined with his glass the word upon the wall, going over every letter of it with the most minute exactness." (Page 23.)]

frontispiece - primer plano; frontispicio

caption - prefacio, título, leyenda, subtítulo, subtítulos descriptivos

2 (return)

[ "JOHN H. WATSON, M.D.": the initial letters in the name are capitalized, the other letters in small caps. All chapter titles are in small caps. The initial words of chapters are in small caps with first letter capitalized.]

initial - inicial, iniciales

capitalized - con mayúsculas; escribir en mayúsculas

chapters - capítulos; capítulo, sede, sección

3 (return)

[ "lodgings.": the period should be a comma, as in later editions.]

comma - coma

editions - ediciones; edición, tiraje

4 (return)

[ "hoemoglobin": should be haemoglobin. The o&e are concatenated.]

haemoglobin - hemoglobina

concatenated - oncatenado; concatenar, concadenar

5 (return)

[ "221B": the B is in small caps]

6 (return)

[ "THE LAURISTON GARDEN MYSTERY": the table-of-contents lists this chapter as "...GARDENS MYSTERY"-plural, and probably more correct.]

plural - plural, plural

more correct - más correcto

7 (return)

[ "brought."": the text has an extra double-quote mark]

double - doble, doblado, bicapa, encorvado, doble, sosias, duplicar

8 (return)

[ "individual-": illustration this page, with the caption: "As he spoke, his nimble fingers were flying here, there, and everywhere."]

illustration - ejemplo, ilustración, instrucción, estampa

9 (return)

[ "manoeuvres": the o&e are concatenated.]

10 (return)

[ "Patent leathers": the hyphen is missing.]

hyphen - guión; guion

11 (return)

[ "condonment": should be condonement.]

condonement - Condonación

13 (return)

[ "wages.": ending quote is missing.]

14 (return)

[ "the first.": ending quote is missing.]

15 (return)

[ "make much of...": Other editions complete this sentence with an "it." But there is a gap in the text at this point, and, given the context, it may have actually been an interjection, a dash. The gap is just the right size for the characters "it." and the start of a new sentence, or for a "--"]

context - contexto, marco

interjection - interjección

16 (return)

[ "tho cushion": "tho" should be "the"]

19 (return)

[ "shoving": later editions have "showing". The original is clearly superior.]

20 (return)

[ "stared about...": illustration, with the caption: "One of them seized the little girl, and hoisted her upon his shoulder."]

21 (return)

[ "upon the": illustration, with the caption: "As he watched it he saw it writhe along the ground."]

writhe - retorcerse; contorsionar

22 (return)

[ "FORMERLY...": F,S,L,C in caps, other letters in this line in small caps.]

23 (return)

[ "ancles": ankles.]

ankles - tobillos; tobillo

24 (return)

[ "asked,": should be "asked."]

25 (return)

[ "poisions": should be "poisons"]

26 (return)

[ "...fancy": should be "I fancy". There is a gap in the text.]

27 (return)

[ "snackled": "shackled" in later texts.]

shackled - Grillete

29 (return)

[ Heber C. Kemball, in one of his sermons, alludes to his hundred wives under this endearing epithet.]

Sermons - sermones; sermón

alludes - alude; aludir, referirse

endearing - encantador; hacerse querer

epithet - epíteto, epíteto específico

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