A Tale of Two Cities with English-Hindi Dictionary by Charles Dickens (online free books)

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Table of Content

Book the First—Recalled to Life
Chapter I. The Period
Chapter II. The Mail
Chapter III. The Night Shadows
Chapter IV. The Preparation
Chapter V. The Wine-shop
Chapter VI. The Shoemaker
Book the Second—the Golden Thread
Chapter I. Five Years Later
Chapter II. A Sight
Chapter III. A Disappointment
Chapter IV. Congratulatory
Chapter V. The Jackal
Chapter VI. Hundreds of People
Chapter VII. Monseigneur in Town
Chapter VIII. Monseigneur in the Country
Chapter IX. The Gorgon's Head
Chapter X. Two Promises
Chapter XI. A Companion Picture
Chapter XII. The Fellow of Delicacy
Chapter XIII. The Fellow of No Delicacy
Chapter XIV. The Honest Tradesman
Chapter XV. Knitting
Chapter XVI. Still Knitting
Chapter XVII. One Night
Chapter XVIII. Nine Days
Chapter XIX. An Opinion
Chapter XX. A Plea
Chapter XXI. Echoing Footsteps
Chapter XXII. The Sea Still Rises
Chapter XXIII. Fire Rises
Chapter XXIV. Drawn to the Loadstone Rock
Book the Third—the Track of a Storm
Chapter I. In Secret
Chapter II. The Grindstone
Chapter III. The Shadow
Chapter IV. Calm in Storm
Chapter V. The Wood-Sawyer
Chapter VI. Triumph
Chapter VII. A Knock at the Door
Chapter VIII. A Hand at Cards
Chapter IX. The Game Made
Chapter X. The Substance of the Shadow
Chapter XI. Dusk
Chapter XII. Darkness
Chapter XIII. Fifty-two
Chapter XIV. The Knitting Done
Chapter XV. The Footsteps Die Out For Ever

A Tale of Two Cities Text

Tale - कहानी

Charles - given name

dickens - Transliterations of the surname

Book the First-Recalled to Life

recalled - स्मरण, वापस लेना, वापस बुलाना

Chapter I. The Period

It was the best of times,

it was the worst of times,

it was the age of wisdom,

wisdom - बुद्धिमत्ता, पांडित्य, प्रज्ञता

it was the age of foolishness,

foolishness - मूर्खता

it was the epoch of belief,

epoch - युग, काल, ज़माना

it was the epoch of incredulity,

incredulity - अविश्वास

it was the season of Light,

it was the season of Darkness,

darkness - अंधेरा, अन्धेरा

it was the spring of hope,

it was the winter of despair,

despair - निराशा, मायूसी

we had everything before us, we had nothing before us, we were all going direct to Heaven, we were all going direct the other way- in short, the period was so far like the present period, that some of its noisiest authorities insisted on its being received, for good or for evil, in the superlative degree of comparison only.

Heaven - आकाश

insisted - अड़े रहना, जोर डालना, दृढ़ रहना

evil - दुष्ट, बुरा, पापी

superlative - सर्वोत्कृष्ट

There were a king with a large jaw and a queen with a plain face, on the throne of England; there were a king with a large jaw and a queen with a fair face, on the throne of France. In both countries it was clearer than crystal to the lords of the State preserves of loaves and fishes, that things in general were settled for ever.

jaw - जबड़ा

plain - सादा

throne - सिंहासन, राजसिंहासन, तख़्त

crystal - क्रिस्टल, स्फटिक, अमल, बिल्लौर

lords - मालिक, सासक, सामन्त, ईश्वर

preserves - मुरब्बा, सम्भाल कर रखना

loaves - रोटी, आवारागर्दी करना, पावरोटी

settled - रोकना, देना, रहना, तय करना

It was the year of Our Lord one thousand seven hundred and seventy-five. Spiritual revelations were conceded to England at that favoured period, as at this. Mrs.

Lord - मालिक, साहिब, साहब

spiritual - आध्यात्मिक

revelations - प्रकटीकरण, रहस्योद्घाटन

conceded - मानना, मान लेना, झुक जाना

Southcott had recently attained her five-and-twentieth blessed birthday, of whom a prophetic private in the life guards had heralded the sublime appearance by announcing that arrangements were made for the swallowing up of London and Westminster.

attained - पाना, प्राप्त करना, सिद्ध करना

blessed - भाग्यवान, (bless) भाग्यवान

prophetic - भविष्यसूचक, पैगंबरी

life guards - जीवन रक्षक

heralded - घोषणा करना, घोषणा करना

sublime - उच्च, उत्कष्ट, भव्य, प्रतापी

swallowing up - स्वालिंग अप

Even the Cock-lane ghost had been laid only a round dozen of years, after rapping out its messages, as the spirits of this very year last past (supernaturally deficient in originality) rapped out theirs.

cock - मुर्गा

lane - गली, खोरी

dozen - दर्जन

rapping - रैप संगीत बजाना, चटाक् से मारना

supernaturally - अलौकिक रीति से, अलौकिक रूप से

deficient - कम, अपूर्ण, न्यून, हीन

originality - असलियत, मौलिकता, नवीनता

rapped - रैप संगीत बजाना, चटाक् से मारना

Mere messages in the earthly order of events had lately come to the English Crown and People, from a congress of British subjects in America: which, strange to relate, have proved more important to the human race than any communications yet received through any of the chickens of the Cock-lane brood.

mere - केवल

earthly - सांसारिक, संभावित, भौतिक

lately - हाल में, हाल ही में

crown - राजमुकुट

Congress - कांग्रेस

brood - चिंतित हो कर सोचता रहना

France, less favoured on the whole as to matters spiritual than her sister of the shield and trident, rolled with exceeding smoothness down hill, making paper money and spending it.

shield - ढाल

trident - त्रिशूल

exceeding - अधिक होना, पार कर जाना

smoothness - सहजता, चिकनापन

Under the guidance of her Christian pastors, she entertained herself, besides, with such humane achievements as sentencing a youth to have his hands cut off, his tongue torn out with pincers, and his body burned alive, because he had not kneeled down in the rain to do honour to a dirty procession of monks which passed within his view, at a distance of some fifty or sixty yards.

guidance - नेतृत्व, मार्गदर्शन

Christian - ईसाई धर्म संबंधी

pastors - पादरी

besides - पास, अलग, समीप, की तुलना में

humane - मानवोचित

torn out - टोर्न आउट

pincers - चिमटी, चिमटी/सँडसी

kneeled down - नीचे कुदरती हो गई

honour - सम्मान

procession - शोभायाट्रा, याट्रा का व्यक्ति

monks - भिक्षु, संन्यासी

It is likely enough that, rooted in the woods of France and Norway, there were growing trees, when that sufferer was put to death, already marked by the Woodman, Fate, to come down and be sawn into boards, to make a certain movable framework with a sack and a knife in it, terrible in history.

rooted - धातु, खोदना, मूल, उत्साहित करना

Norway - नार्वे

sufferer - पीड़ित

Woodman - वनवासी, जंगली, काष्ठकार, बढ़ई

fate - क़िस्मत, किस्मत, नसीब, तक़दीर

movable - जंगम

framework - रूपरेखा, संरचना, प्राधारिक

sack - बोरा, बोरी

It is likely enough that in the rough outhouses of some tillers of the heavy lands adjacent to Paris, there were sheltered from the weather that very day, rude carts, bespattered with rustic mire, snuffed about by pigs, and roosted in by poultry, which the Farmer, Death, had already set apart to be his tumbrils of the Revolution.

outhouses - शौचालय, उपभवन

tillers - हत्था, पतवार, किसान, चप्पू

adjacent - निकटवर्ती, लगा हुआ, पास

sheltered - सहायता करना, आश्रय, शरण, बचाना

carts - पहियेदार मेज़, ठेला

rustic - साधारण, देहाती, गँवार, ग्रामीण

mire - फँसाना, दलदल, अटकना/अटकाना

snuffed - चुटकी भर नसवार, नस्य

roosted - बसेरा, बैठना

poultry - कुक्कुटादि का मांस

tumbrils - गाड़ी{अपराधियों को फांसी घर ले जानेवाली}

revolution - क्रांति, इंक़िलाब, विप्लव

But that Woodman and that Farmer, though they work unceasingly, work silently, and no one heard them as they went about with muffled tread: the rather, forasmuch as to entertain any suspicion that they were awake, was to be atheistical and traitorous.

unceasingly - लगातार

silently - खामोशी से, चुपचाप

muffled - लपेटना, आवाज़ दबाना

tread - परचलना

suspicion - खटका, अविश्वास, पुट, शक, संदेह

awake - जागना

atheistical - नास्तिक

traitorous - विश्वासघाती, देशद्रोहात्मक

In England, there was scarcely an amount of order and protection to justify much national boasting.

scarcely - शायद ही, केवल, मुश्किल से

protection - संरक्षण, हिमायत, हिफ़ाज़त

justify - कारण दिखाना, ब्यौरा देना

boasting - the making of boasts

Daring burglaries by armed men, and highway robberies, took place in the capital itself every night; families were publicly cautioned not to go out of town without removing their furniture to upholsterers'warehouses for security; the highwayman in the dark was a City tradesman in the light, and, being recognised and challenged by his fellow-tradesman whom he stopped in his character of "the Captain," gallantly shot him through the head and rode away; the mail was waylaid by seven robbers, and the guard shot three dead, and then got shot dead himself by the other four, "in consequence of the failure of his ammunition:" after which the mail was robbed in peace; that magnificent potentate, the Lord mayor of London, was made to stand and deliver on Turnham Green, by one highwayman, who despoiled the illustrious creature in sight of all his retinue; prisoners in London gaols fought battles with their turnkeys, and the majesty of the law fired blunderbusses in among them, loaded with rounds of shot and ball; thieves snipped off diamond crosses from the necks of noble lords at Court drawing-rooms; musketeers went into St. Giles's, to search for contraband goods, and the mob fired on the musketeers, and the musketeers fired on the mob, and nobody thought any of these occurrences much out of the common way. In the midst of them, the hangman, ever busy and ever worse than useless, was in constant requisition; now, stringing up long rows of miscellaneous criminals; now, hanging a housebreaker on Saturday who had been taken on Tuesday; now, burning people in the hand at Newgate by the dozen, and now burning pamphlets at the door of Westminster Hall; to-day, taking the life of an atrocious murderer, and to-morrow of a wretched pilferer who had robbed a farmer's boy of sixpence.

daring - साहस, साहसी, शूरवीर, निर्भीक

burglaries - चोरी

highway robberies - सड़क धुएँ

publicly - सार्वजनिक रूप से, खुले आम

cautioned - सावधान करना, चेतावनी देना

upholsterers - सोफ़ासाज़

warehouses - गोदाम, गोदाम में माल रखना

highwayman - डकैत, लुटेरा, बटमार

tradesman - फेरी वाला, दुकानदार, दस्तकार

recognised - स्वीकार करना, पहचानना

fellow - व्यक्ति

gallantly - बहादुरी से, बहादुरी से

waylaid - घात लगाना, घात में बैठना

robbers - डकैत, डाकू, डाक़ु, डाकु

failure - असफलता

ammunition - गोला-बारूद it=cannonball-gunpowder

robbed - छीनना, छीन लेना, वंचित करना

magnificent - शानदार

potentate - अधिपति/राजा

Lord mayor - लोर्ड मेयर

despoiled - लुटा हुआ, लुटा हुआ

illustrious - प्रसिद्ध, प्रख्यात

creature - जंतु, प्राणी, जानवर, मख़्लूक़

retinue - परिजन, ठाट बाट, नौकर चाकर

gaols - जेल, जेल् हो जाना

Majesty - तेजस्विता, गरिमा, प्रताप, विभूति

blunderbusses - खुले मुँहवाली बन्दूक

loaded - भारी, मिश्रण, भरना

snipped - चीरा, काटना, कतरन, छाँटना

noble - बहुत अच्छा, उतम, शानदार

musketeers - बंदूकधारी सैनिक

Giles - male given name

contraband - वर्जित माल

mob - भीड़

occurrences - घटना, उपस्थिति

midst - बीच

hangman - जल्लाद

useless - बेकार

constant - स्थिरांक

requisition - माँग पत्र, अधियाचन करना

rows - चलाना, झिड़की, पंक्ति, लगातार

miscellaneous - विविध, अनेक प्रकार के

housebreaker - सेंघमार

pamphlets - पुस्तिका, पत्रक, चौपन्ना

atrocious - घटिया, नृशंस, भद्दा, पाशविक

murderer - हत्यारा, ख़ूनी, क़ातिल

morrow - अगला दिन, कल/अगला दिन

wretched - दयनीय, दरिद्र, अत्यंत दुखी

pilferer - उठाईगीषा

sixpence - छः पेंस

All these things, and a thousand like them, came to pass in and close upon the dear old year one thousand seven hundred and seventy-five. Environed by them, while the Woodman and the Farmer worked unheeded, those two of the large jaws, and those other two of the plain and the fair faces, trod with stir enough, and carried their divine rights with a high hand.

unheeded - उपेक्षित, अनसुना, अनदेखा

jaws - बकबक करना, गाली देना, वाचालता

trod - ट्रॉड, (tread) ट्रॉड

stir - हिलाना-डुलाना

divine - ईश्वरीय, स्वर्गीय, पवित्र

Thus did the year one thousand seven hundred and seventy-five conduct their Greatnesses, and myriads of small creatures-the creatures of this chronicle among the rest-along the roads that lay before them.

thus - इस प्रकार

conduct - चलाना, आचरण, संचालन करना

Greatnesses - विशालता, महत्ता, ऊँचाई, बड़प्पन

myriads - असंख्य, बड़ी संख्या, बहुत सा

creatures - व्यक्ति, शराब, आदमी, कठपुतली

chronicle - लिपिबद्ध करना, लिपिबद्ध करना

Chapter II. The Mail

It was the Dover road that lay, on a Friday night late in November, before the first of the persons with whom this history has business. The Dover road lay, as to him, beyond the Dover mail, as it lumbered up Shooter's Hill.

Dover - port in Kent, England

beyond - के बाद, आगे, के अलावा

lumbered - इमारती लकड़ी, काठ कबाड़

Shooter - हारा हुआ जुआरी

He walked up hill in the mire by the side of the mail, as the rest of the passengers did; not because they had the least relish for walking exercise, under the circumstances, but because the hill, and the harness, and the mud, and the mail, were all so heavy, that the horses had three times already come to a stop, besides once drawing the coach across the road, with the mutinous intent of taking it back to Blackheath. Reins and whip and coachman and guard, however, in combination, had read that article of war which forbade a purpose otherwise strongly in favour of the argument, that some brute animals are endued with Reason; and the team had capitulated and returned to their duty.

relish - स्वाद, जोश, उत्साह, मजा लेना

circumstances - दशा/अवस्था, स्थिति, परिस्थिति

harness - काम में लाना, जोतना

mutinous - विद्रोही, बागी

intent - स्थिर, डूबा, उद्देश्य, लीन

reins - लगाम देना, लगाम, लगाम खींचना

whip - चाबुक, हंटर, कोड़ा

coachman - घोड़ागाड़ी चालक

combination - संगत, संचय, संमिश्रण, संयोग

forbade - रोकना, मना करना, वर्जित करना

otherwise - अन्यथा, नहीं तो

brute - वहशी

capitulated - आत्मसमर्पण करना, झुकना

With drooping heads and tremulous tails, they mashed their way through the thick mud, floundering and stumbling between whiles, as if they were falling to pieces at the larger joints. As often as the driver rested them and brought them to a stand, with a wary "Wo-ho! so-ho-then!

drooping - झुकना, लटकन, कुम्हलाना

tremulous - काँपता हुआ

mashed - कुचलना, मैश, दलिया

floundering - अटकना, लटपटाना, अटकन, घबड़ा जाना

stumbling - गिरना, ठोकर, भूल करना

joints - मिलाना, संभेद, चूल, लोथड़ा

wary - सावधान r=sāvdhān

Ho - अरे!

" the near leader violently shook his head and everything upon it-like an unusually emphatic horse, denying that the coach could be got up the hill. Whenever the leader made this rattle, the passenger started, as a nervous passenger might, and was disturbed in mind.

violently - हिंसात्मक ढंग से

unusually - अप्रायिक रूप से, असमान्यतः

emphatic - सुस्पष्ट, सुनिश्चित, ज़ोरदार

denying - प्रतिवाड करना, इन्कार करना

rattle - खड़खड़ाना

disturbed - परेशान करना, बाधा डालना

There was a steaming mist in all the hollows, and it had roamed in its forlornness up the hill, like an evil spirit, seeking rest and finding none. A clammy and intensely cold mist, it made its slow way through the air in ripples that visibly followed and overspread one another, as the waves of an unwholesome sea might do.

steaming - action of steam on something

mist - धुंध

hollows - मन्द, मिथ्या, निरर्थक

roamed - भ्रमण, घूमना, घूमना फिरना

forlornness - अनाथता

seeking - कोशिश करना, की कोशिश करना

clammy - चिपचिपा

intensely - उत्कटता से, तीव्रता से

ripples - तरंगित होना, छोटी लहर

visibly - प्रत्यक्षतः, प्रत्यक्ष रूप से

overspread - फैलाना

unwholesome - अस्वाभाविक, अनैतिक, हानिकर

It was dense enough to shut out everything from the light of the coach-lamps but these its own workings, and a few yards of road; and the reek of the labouring horses steamed into it, as if they had made it all.

dense - घना

workings - कार्य, कामचलाऊ, तर्कसंगत

reek - दुर्गन्ध, बदबू

labouring - जी तोड़ कोशिश करना, मजदूर वर्ग

steamed - भाप शक्ति से याट्रा करना

Two other passengers, besides the one, were plodding up the hill by the side of the mail. All three were wrapped to the cheekbones and over the ears, and wore jack-boots. Not one of the three could have said, from anything he saw, what either of the other two was like; and each was hidden under almost as many wrappers from the eyes of the mind, as from the eyes of the body, of his two companions.

plodding - परिश्रमी, पैर घसीट कर चलता हुआ

wrapped - समाप्त करना, गाउन, लपेटना

cheekbones - गण्डास्थि, कपोलास्थि

Jack - जैक

wrappers - ओढ़ना, आवरण, लपेटने का कागज

Companions - साथी, छोटी पुस्तक, मिट्र

In those days, travellers were very shy of being confidential on a short notice, for anybody on the road might be a robber or in league with robbers. As to the latter, when every posting-house and ale-house could produce somebody in "the Captain's" pay, ranging from the landlord to the lowest stable non-descript, it was the likeliest thing upon the cards.

travellers - पर्यटक, यात्री, मुसाफिर

confidential - गोपनीय

robber - डाकू

League - संघ

latter - अनुवर्ती, दूसरा

ale - शराब{जौ की बनी}, मद्य, एल

landlord - शराबखाने का मालिक

stable - स्थिर, स्थायी, अश्वशाला, अचल

non - ग़ैर

So the guard of the Dover mail thought to himself, that Friday night in November, one thousand seven hundred and seventy-five, lumbering up Shooter's Hill, as he stood on his own particular perch behind the mail, beating his feet, and keeping an eye and a hand on the arm-chest before him, where a loaded blunderbuss lay at the top of six or eight loaded horse-pistols, deposited on a substratum of cutlass.

lumbering - लम्बरिंग, (lumber) लम्बरिंग

perch - चि‍ड़ियों के बैठने का अड्डा

blunderbuss - खुले मुँहवाली बन्दूक

pistols - पिस्तौल, पिस्तौल/तमंचा

deposited - जमा करना, रखना, जमा करना, जमा

substratum - आधार, अधःस्तर, नीचे का तल

cutlass - सुखरी

The Dover mail was in its usual genial position that the guard suspected the passengers, the passengers suspected one another and the guard, they all suspected everybody else, and the coachman was sure of nothing but the horses; as to which cattle he could with a clear conscience have taken his oath on the two Testaments that they were not fit for the journey.

genial - प्रसन्नचित

suspected - समझना, लगना, क्षतिग्रस्त

cattle - ढोर, पशु/मवेशी, गाय बैल

conscience - विवेक, अन्तरात्मा, ज़मीर

oath - शपथ, सौगंद, क़सम

Testaments - विधान, वसीयतनामा, साक्षी

"Wo-ho!" said the coachman. "So, then! One more pull and you're at the top and be damned to you, for I have had trouble enough to get you to it!-Joe!"

damned - शापित, (damn), अभिशाप देना

Joe - pet form of Joseph

"Halloa!" the guard replied.

halloa - हैलो

"What o'clock do you make it, Joe?"

"Ten minutes, good, past eleven."

"My blood!" ejaculated the vexed coachman, "and not atop of Shooter's yet! Tst! Yah! Get on with you!"

vexed - घबरा देना, चिन्तित होना, खिजाना

atop - के ऊपर

Yah - हाय

The emphatic horse, cut short by the whip in a most decided negative, made a decided scramble for it, and the three other horses followed suit. Once more, the Dover mail struggled on, with the jack-boots of its passengers squashing along by its side. They had stopped when the coach stopped, and they kept close company with it.

scramble - छीना झपटी, गड़बड़ा देना

struggled - आगे बढना, मुश्किल, प्रयत्न

squashing - ठसाठस, दबाना, तिरस्कार करना

If any one of the three had had the hardihood to propose to another to walk on a little ahead into the mist and darkness, he would have put himself in a fair way of getting shot instantly as a highwayman.

hardihood - साहस

propose - प्रस्ताव रखना, प्रस्तुत करना

instantly - तुरंत, तत्काल, शीघ्र

The last burst carried the mail to the summit of the hill. The horses stopped to breathe again, and the guard got down to skid the wheel for the descent, and open the coach-door to let the passengers in.

burst - फूटना

summit - शिखर

breathe again - फिर से साँस लें

skid - फिसलना

descent - कुल, वंश परंपरा, वंशज, पतन

"Tst! Joe!" cried the coachman in a warning voice, looking down from his box.

"What do you say, Tom?"

Tom - बिल्ला

They both listened.

"I say a horse at a canter coming up, Joe."

at a canter - एक कैंटर पर

"I say a horse at a gallop, Tom," returned the guard, leaving his hold of the door, and mounting nimbly to his place. "Gentlemen! In the king's name, all of you!"

gallop - सरपट चाल, सरपट दौड़ना

mounting - बढ़ता हुआ, आरोहण, आलंबन

nimbly - फ़ुर्ती से, फ़ुर्ती से

With this hurried adjuration, he cocked his blunderbuss, and stood on the offensive.

adjuration - आशीर्वाद

cocked - शंकु आकार में भूसे का ढेर लगाना

offensive - हमला, आक्रमण

The passenger booked by this history, was on the coach-step, getting in; the two other passengers were close behind him, and about to follow. He remained on the step, half in the coach and half out of; they remained in the road below him. They all looked from the coachman to the guard, and from the guard to the coachman, and listened.

The coachman looked back and the guard looked back, and even the emphatic leader pricked up his ears and looked back, without contradicting.

pricked - मूर्ख, छेदना, चुभन, छेद करना

contradicting - विरोध करना, खंडन करना

The stillness consequent on the cessation of the rumbling and labouring of the coach, added to the stillness of the night, made it very quiet indeed. the panting of the horses communicated a tremulous motion to the coach, as if it were in a state of agitation.

stillness - पवनरहितता

consequent - परिणामी, फल स्वरूप

cessation - विराम, ठहराव, अवरति

rumbling - गड़गड़ाहट, (rumble) गड़गड़ाहट

the panting - झलकना

motion - हरकत

agitation - उत्तेजना, अकुला, आंदोलन, हिलाना

The hearts of the passengers beat loud enough perhaps to be heard; but at any rate, the quiet pause was audibly expressive of people out of breath, and holding the breath, and having the pulses quickened by expectation.

pause - रुकना, ठहरना

audibly - स्पष्ट रूप से, स्पष्ट रूप से

expressive - सूचक, भावबोधक

pulses - दाल, नाडी, पल्स, स्पंदित होना

quickened - प्रोत्साहित करना, जल्दी कर

expectation - उम्मीद, चाह, कफोत्सारक

The sound of a horse at a gallop came fast and furiously up the hill.

furiously - in a furious manner, angrily

"So-ho!" the guard sang out, as loud as he could roar. "Yo there! Stand! I shall fire!"

roar - गरजना, चिल्लाना, शोरगुल

The pace was suddenly checked, and, with much splashing and floundering, a man's voice called from the mist, "Is that the Dover mail?"

pace - कदम

splashing - परछाई, (splash) परछाई

"Never you mind what it is!" the guard retorted. "What are you?"

retorted - प्रत्युत्तर देना, प्रत्युतर

"Is that the Dover mail?"

"Why do you want to know?"

"I want a passenger, if it is."

"What passenger?"

"Mr. Jarvis Lorry."

Our booked passenger showed in a moment that it was his name. The guard, the coachman, and the two other passengers eyed him distrustfully.

showed in - दिखाया

"Keep where you are," the guard called to the voice in the mist, "because, if I should make a mistake, it could never be set right in your lifetime. Gentleman of the name of Lorry answer straight."

set right - सुधार दें

lifetime - ज़िंदगी, जिंदगी, उमर, लाइफ

"What is the matter?" asked the passenger, then, with mildly quavering speech. "Who wants me? Is it Jerry?"

mildly - नम्रतापूर्वक, थोड़ा बहुत

quavering - काँपता हुआ, (quaver)

("I don't like Jerry's voice, if it is Jerry," growled the guard to himself. "He's hoarser than suits me, is Jerry.")

growled - गड़गड़ाहट, भुनभुनाना, गुर्राना

hoarser - कर्कश, भर्राआ

"Yes, Mr. Lorry."

"What is the matter?"

"A despatch sent after you from over yonder. T. and Co."

despatch - भेजना

yonder - परे का, परे, सामने वाला, उस ओर

Co - सी ओ, सी ओ

"I know this messenger, guard," said Mr. Lorry, getting down into the road-assisted from behind more swiftly than politely by the other two passengers, who immediately scrambled into the coach, shut the door, and pulled up the window. "He may come close; there's nothing wrong."

messenger - संदेशवाहक

getting down - नीचे जाना

Swiftly - तेज़ी से, तेज़ी से

politely - सभ्यतः, बाशऊर, शालीनतः

scrambled - छीना झपटी, गड़बड़ा देना

"I hope there ain't, but I can't make so 'Nation sure of that," said the guard, in gruff soliloquy. "Hallo you!"

ain - département

gruff - कड़ा, रूखे आचरण वाला

soliloquy - स्वगतभाषण, स्वगत कथन

Hallo - हैलो

"Well! And hallo you!" said Jerry, more hoarsely than before.

hoarsely - रूखे स्वरसे, भर्राई आवाज़ से



"Come on at a footpace! d'ye mind me? And if you've got holsters to that saddle o'yourn, don't let me see your hand go nigh 'em. For I'm a devil at a quick mistake, and when I make one it takes the form of Lead. So now let's look at you."

footpace - पैर की गति

ye - तुम

holsters - खोल, पिस्तौल का चमड़े का खोल

saddle - काठी, जीन, चारजामा पल्याण

nigh - लगभग, पास

devil - शैतान, दानव, राक्षस, देव

The figures of a horse and rider came slowly through the eddying mist, and came to the side of the mail, where the passenger stood. The rider stooped, and, casting up his eyes at the guard, handed the passenger a small folded paper. The rider's horse was blown, and both horse and rider were covered with mud, from the hoofs of the horse to the hat of the man.

rider - संशोधन, घुड़सवार, सवार

eddying - भँवर में बहना, चक्कर खाना, भंवर

stooped - झुक कर खड़ा होना, झुकना

casting - भूमिका आबंटन कार्यअ

hoofs - खुर, खुर मारना, खुर मारना

"Guard!" said the passenger, in a tone of quiet business confidence.

tone - तान

confidence - विश्वास

The watchful guard, with his right hand at the stock of his raised blunderbuss, his left at the barrel, and his eye on the horseman, answered curtly, "Sir."

watchful - सतर्क, चौकस, जागा हुआ, निद्राहीन

stock - भंडार, संचय, संग्रह

barrel - पीपा

horseman - अश्वारोही, घुड़सवार

curtly - रुखाई से, रुखाई से

"There is nothing to apprehend. I belong to Tellson's Bank. You must know Tellson's Bank in London. I am going to Paris on business. A crown to drink. I may read this?"

apprehend - समझना, पकड़ाना, पकड़ना

"If so be as you're quick, sir."

He opened it in the light of the coach-lamp on that side, and read-first to himself and then aloud: "'Wait at Dover for Mam'selle.'It's not long, you see, guard. Jerry, say that my answer was, Recalled to life."

aloud - उच्च स्वर में, ज़ोर से

Mam - माँ

selle - सेल

Jerry started in his saddle. "That's a Blazing strange answer, too," said he, at his hoarsest.

blazing - चमक, लौ, चिन्ह, चमकना, जलना

hoarsest - कर्कश, भर्राआ

"Take that message back, and they will know that I received this, as well as if I wrote. Make the best of your way. Good night."

With those words the passenger opened the coach-door and got in; not at all assisted by his fellow-passengers, who had expeditiously secreted their watches and purses in their boots, and were now making a general pretence of being asleep. With no more definite purpose than to escape the hazard of originating any other kind of action.

expeditiously - फुरती से, फुरती से

purses - बटुआ, सिकोड़ना, इनाम की राशि

pretence - दिखावा, कपट, बहाना, दावा, ढोंग

hazard - खतरे में डालना

originating - उत्पन्न होना, आरम्भ करना

The coach lumbered on again, with heavier wreaths of mist closing round it as it began the descent.

wreaths - घेरना, छल्ला, पुष्पहार

The guard soon replaced his blunderbuss in his arm-chest, and, having looked to the rest of its contents, and having looked to the supplementary pistols that he wore in his belt, looked to a smaller chest beneath his seat, in which there were a few smith's tools, a couple of torches, and a tinder-box.

Contents - मात्रा, सन्तुष्ट

supplementary - अतिरिक्त, अनुपूरक

beneath - नीचे की और, के योग्य, के नीचे

Smith - लोहार r=lohār

torches - टर्च, धमनदीप, जला देना

tinder - जलावन का सामानअ

For he was furnished with that completeness that if the coach-lamps had been blown and stormed out, which did occasionally happen, he had only to shut himself up inside, keep the flint and steel sparks well off the straw, and get a light with tolerable safety and ease (if he were lucky) in five minutes.

furnished - सुस्सजित करना, प्रस्तुत करना

completeness - संपूर्णता

Occasionally - कभीकभी

Flint - चक़मक़, चकमक

steel - इस्पात, फौलाद, तलवार, ताकत

sparks - कारण बनना, जोश, चिनगारी, किरण

straw - पुआल, तिनका

tolerable - सहनीय, कामचलाऊ, औसत दर्जे का

ease - शांत करना, आराम, हल्का करना

"Tom!" softly over the coach roof.

softly - हल्का सा, सादे ढंग से

"Hallo, Joe."

"Did you hear the message?"

"I did, Joe."

"What did you make of it, Tom?"

"Nothing at all, Joe."

"That's a coincidence, too," the guard mused, "for I made the same of it myself."

coincidence - संयोग, इत्तिफ़ाक़

mused - विचार करना, प्रेरक शक्ति

Jerry, left alone in the mist and darkness, dismounted meanwhile, not only to ease his spent horse, but to wipe the mud from his face, and shake the wet out of his hat-brim, which might be capable of holding about half a gallon.

dismounted - उतरना

wipe - किसी चीज से रगड़ कर साफ करना

brim - कगार

capable - सक्षम

gallon - गैलन{लगभग 4.5 लीटर}, गैलन

After standing with the bridle over his heavily-splashed arm, until the wheels of the mail were no longer within hearing and the night was quite still again, he turned to walk down the hill.

bridle - लगाम

splashed - चित्ती, धब्बा, छपछपाते हुए चलना

"After that there gallop from Temple Bar, old lady, I won't trust your fore-legs till I get you on the level," said this hoarse messenger, glancing at his mare. "'Recalled to life.'That's a Blazing strange message. Much of that wouldn't do for you, Jerry! I say, Jerry! You'd be in a Blazing bad way, if recalling to life was to come into fashion, Jerry!"

Temple - मंदिर

trust - विश्वास, भरोसा

fore - आगे का, गलही, आगे/सामने

hoarse - कर्कश

glancing - झलकना, (glance) झलकना

mare - घोड़ी, गधी

recalling - स्मरण, वापस लेना, वापस बुलाना

come into fashion - फैशन में आना

Chapter III. The Night Shadows

shadows - सितारा मछली, सूट्र, शरण, झलक

A wonderful fact to reflect upon, that every human creature is constituted to be that profound secret and mystery to every other.

constituted - होना, बनाना, निर्माण करना

profound - गहन, गहरा, पारंगत, अथाह, गाढ़ा

A solemn consideration, when I enter a great city by night, that every one of those darkly clustered houses encloses its own secret; that every room in every one of them encloses its own secret; that every beating heart in the hundreds of thousands of breasts there, is, in some of its imaginings, a secret to the heart nearest it!

solemn - शान्त, पवित्र, समारोही, गंभीर

consideration - ध्यान, विचार, मुआवजा, कारण

darkly - गहरी उदासी से

clustered - गुच्छा, जमा होना, झुण्ड

encloses - घेरना, बंद करना, बाड़ा लगाना

breasts - टकराना, आगे का भाग, झोंका

imaginings - कल्पना, कल्पनाशीलता

Something of the awfulness, even of Death itself, is referable to this. No more can I turn the leaves of this dear book that I loved, and vainly hope in time to read it all. No more can I look into the depths of this unfathomable water, wherein, as momentary lights glanced into it, I have had glimpses of buried treasure and other things submerged.

awfulness - भयानकता

vainly - व्यर्थ, व्यर्थ में

depths - गहनता, गहराई, मध्य, गहरापन

unfathomable - अज्ञेय, गहन, अथाह, अथाह/अगाध

wherein - जिसमें

momentary - क्षणिक

glanced - चमकना, ग्लांस करना, नजर डालना

glimpses - झलक, झाँकी

treasure - ख़िज़ाना

submerged - जलमग्न कर देना, ड़ुबकी लगाना

It was appointed that the book should shut with a spring, for ever and for ever, when I had read but a page. It was appointed that the water should be locked in an eternal frost, when the light was playing on its surface, and I stood in ignorance on the shore.

appointed - बनाना, नियुक्त करना

eternal - सनातन

frost - पाला

ignorance - अज्ञान, अविद्या, बेखबरी, नासमझी

shore - किनारा, तीर

My friend is dead, my neighbour is dead, my love, the darling of my soul, is dead; it is the inexorable consolidation and perpetuation of the secret that was always in that individuality, and which I shall carry in mine to my life's end.

darling - प्रिये, चहेता, प्यारा, जानेमन

soul - आत्मा, जीवात्मा

inexorable - निर्मम, अनवरत, दृढ/अप्राशम्य

consolidation - जमावट, चक बंदी, दृढ़ीकरण, समेकन

perpetuation - स्थायीकरण, जारी रखना

individuality - विशिष्टता, व्यक्तित्व

In any of the burial-places of this city through which I pass, is there a sleeper more inscrutable than its busy inhabitants are, in their innermost personality, to me, or than I am to them?

burial - दफ़न

sleeper - अनपेक्षित प्राप्तकर्ताआ

inscrutable - रहस्यमय, गूढ

inhabitants - निवासी

innermost - अंतर्तम, केंद्र के समीपस्थ

As to this, his natural and not to be alienated inheritance, the messenger on horseback had exactly the same possessions as the King, the first Minister of State, or the richest merchant in London.

alienated - विरोधी बनाना, दूर कर देना

inheritance - उत्तराधिकार, उत्तराधिकारी

horseback - घोड़े का, घोड़े की पीठ

minister - शिक्षा मंत्री

merchant - व्यापारी, सौदागर

So with the three passengers shut up in the narrow compass of one lumbering old mail coach; they were mysteries to one another, as complete as if each had been in his own coach and six, or his own coach and sixty, with the breadth of a county between him and the next.

compass - कम्पास, कुतुबनुमा

breadth - फ़ासला, विशालता, विस्तार

county - काउण्टी

The messenger rode back at an easy trot, stopping pretty often at ale-houses by the way to drink, but evincing a tendency to keep his own counsel, and to keep his hat cocked over his eyes.

trot - दुलकी चलना

evincing - इशारा

tendency - प्रवृत्ति

counsel - वकील

He had eyes that assorted very well with that decoration, being of a surface black, with no depth in the colour or form, and much too near together-as if they were afraid of being found out in something, singly, if they kept too far apart.

assorted - छाँटना

decoration - अलंकार

depth - गहराई

singly - एक एक करके, अलग अलग

They had a sinister expression, under an old cocked-hat like a three-cornered spittoon, and over a great muffler for the chin and throat, which descended nearly to the wearer's knees. When he stopped for drink, he moved this muffler with his left hand, only while he poured his liquor in with his right; as soon as that was done, he muffled again.

sinister - अशुभ, डरावना

spittoon - पीकदान, थूकदान

muffler - गुलबंद, मफ्लर

chin - ठुड्डी

descended - उतरना, उतारना, नीचे उतरना

wearer - पहनने वाला व्यक्ति, पहनने वाला

liquor - दारू

"No, Jerry, no!" said the messenger, harping on one theme as he rode. "It wouldn't do for you, Jerry. Jerry, you honest tradesman, it wouldn't suit your line of business! Recalled-! Bust me if I don't think he'd been a drinking!"

harping - हार्पिंग, (harp), वीणा

bust - छाती

His message perplexed his mind to that degree that he was fain, several times, to take off his hat to scratch his head. Except on the crown, which was raggedly bald, he had stiff, black hair, standing jaggedly all over it, and growing down hill almost to his broad, blunt nose.

perplexed - हैरान करना, व्याकुल करना

fain - खुश

scratch - खरोंचना, खरोंच, वापस लेना

raggedly - टेढ़े मेढ़े ढंग से

bald - गंजा

stiff - कठोर, कठिन, रूखा, हठीला, सख्त

jaggedly - टेढ़े मेढ़े ढंग से

broad - विस्तृत

blunt - कुंद

It was so like Smith's work, so much more like the top of a strongly spiked wall than a head of hair, that the best of players at leap-frog might have declined him, as the most dangerous man in the world to go over.

spiked - कील जड़ा, काँटेदार, नोकदार

players - अभिनेता, वादक, खिलाडी

leap - उछलना

declined - घटना, गिरावट, कम होना

While he trotted back with the message he was to deliver to the night watchman in his box at the door of Tellson's Bank, by Temple Bar, who was to deliver it to greater authorities within, the shadows of the night took such shapes to him as arose out of the message, and took such shapes to the mare as arose out of her private topics of uneasiness.

trotted - चलना, दौड़, दुलकी चलाना

watchman - पहरेदार, चौकीदार

arose - उदय होना, उत्पन्न होना, निकलना

uneasiness - बेचैनी, व्याकुलता, चिन्ता

They seemed to be numerous, for she shied at every shadow on the road.

numerous - बहुत से, बहुत ज्यादा

shadow - परछाई, छाया, साया, tछाँव

What time, the mail-coach lumbered, jolted, rattled, and bumped upon its tedious way, with its three fellow-inscrutables inside. To whom, likewise, the shadows of the night revealed themselves, in the forms their dozing eyes and wandering thoughts suggested.

jolted - झटका, हिला देना, हिलाना, धक्का

rattled - खनखनाना, घबड़ा देना, खनखनाहट

bumped - टक्कर, उभार, टकराना, सूजन

tedious - उबाऊ, थकाऊ, शब्दाडंबरपूर्ण

likewise - इसी तरह, वैसे ही, तुलनीय

revealed - बताना, दिखाना, प्रकट करना

dozing - ऊँघता, (doze)

wandering - घुमावदार, घुमंतू, अस्थिर

thoughts - विचार, मत, इरादा, विचारधारा

Tellson's Bank had a run upon it in the mail.

As the bank passenger-with an arm drawn through the leathern strap, which did what lay in it to keep him from pounding against the next passenger, and driving him into his corner, whenever the coach got a special jolt-nodded in his place, with half-shut eyes, the little coach-windows, and the coach-lamp dimly gleaming through them, and the bulky bundle of opposite passenger, became the bank, and did a great stroke of business. The rattle of the harness was the chink of money, and more drafts were honoured in five minutes than even Tellson's, with all its foreign and home connection, ever paid in thrice the time. Then the strong-rooms underground, at Tellson's, with such of their valuable stores and secrets as were known to the passenger (and it was not a little that he knew about them), opened before him, and he went in among them with the great keys and the feebly-burning candle, and found them safe, and strong, and sound, and still, just as he had last seen them.

drawn through - द्रावित कर दिया

strap - पट्टी, पट्टा

jolt - झटका, हिला देना, हिलाना, धक्का

nodded - ऊँघना, झूमना, सिर हिलाना, हुक्म

dimly - अस्पष्टतः, संदिग्धतः

gleaming - having a bright sheen

bulky - भारी भरकम, बड़ा/2.स्थूल

bundle - गठरी, गड्डी

stroke - प्रहार, आघात

chink - झरी

drafts - झोंका, अनिवार्य भर्ती होना

honoured - सम्मानित करना, सम्मान, मानना

thrice - तिबारा, तिगुना

strong-rooms - (strong-rooms) मजबूत कमरे

feebly - दुर्बलता से

candle - मोमबत्ती, शमा

But, though the bank was almost always with him, and though the coach (in a confused way, like the presence of pain under an opiate) was always with him, there was another current of impression that never ceased to run, all through the night. He was on his way to dig some one out of a grave.

presence - मौजूदगी

opiate - स्वापक, अफ़ीमयुक्त मादक द्रव्य

ceased - बन्द करना, बन्द करना

dig - खोदना

grave - कब्र

Now, which of the multitude of faces that showed themselves before him was the true face of the buried person, the shadows of the night did not indicate; but they were all the faces of a man of five-and-forty by years, and they differed principally in the passions they expressed, and in the ghastliness of their worn and wasted state.

multitude - जनसाधारण, झुंड, भीड़, बहु संख्या

differed - एकमत न होना, भिन्न होना

principally - मुख्य रूप से, मुख्यतया

ghastliness - भयानकता

Pride, contempt, defiance, stubbornness, submission, lamentation, succeeded one another; so did varieties of sunken cheek, cadaverous colour, emaciated hands and figures. But the face was in the main one face, and every head was prematurely white. A hundred times the dozing passenger inquired of this spectre:

pride - आरोह, ऊंचाई, ऐंठ

contempt - निन्दनीय, तिरस्कार, अवमानना

defiance - अक्खड़पन, चुनौती, अवज्ञा

stubbornness - ज़िद, अड़ियलपन, हठधर्मिता

submission - जमा करना, आत्मसमर्पण, समर्पण

lamentation - विलय, विलाप, weeping and wailing

cheek - गाल

cadaverous - विवर्ण

emaciated - अशक्त, दुर्बल, क्षीणकाय, कमज़ोर

prematurely - असमय में, समय से पूर्व

inquired - पूछना, पता लगाना, छानबीन करना

spectre - भूत, प्रेत, काली छाया

"Buried how long?"

The answer was always the same: "Almost eighteen years."

"You had abandoned all hope of being dug out?"

abandoned - रोक देना, खाली करना, रोक देना

dug out - खोद दिया

"Long ago."

"You know that you are recalled to life?"

"They tell me so."

"I hope you care to live?"

"I can't say."

"Shall I show her to you? Will you come and see her?"

The answers to this question were various and contradictory. Sometimes the broken reply was, "Wait! It would kill me if I saw her too soon." Sometimes, it was given in a tender rain of tears, and then it was, "Take me to her." Sometimes it was staring and bewildered, and then it was, "I don't know her. I don't understand."

contradictory - अन्तर्विरोधी, परस्पर विरोधी

tender - मुलायम, नरम

bewildered - हैरान करना, घबरा देना

I don't understand - मुझे समझ नहीं आता है

After such imaginary discourse, the passenger in his fancy would dig, and dig, dig-now with a spade, now with a great key, now with his hands-to dig this wretched creature out. Got out at last, with earth hanging about his face and hair, he would suddenly fan away to dust. The passenger would then start to himself, and lower the window, to get the reality of mist and rain on his cheek.

discourse - उपदेश, चर्चा, भाषण देना, प्रवचन

spade - फावड़ा, खनित्र, बेल, कुदाल

hanging about - आसपास घूमना

Yet even when his eyes were opened on the mist and rain, on the moving patch of light from the lamps, and the hedge at the roadside retreating by jerks, the night shadows outside the coach would fall into the train of the night shadows within.

patch - पैवंद

hedge - बाड़ा

roadside - सड़क का किनारा

retreating - गिरना, पीछे हटना, भागना

jerks - झटकना, झटका, मूर्ख

The real Banking-house by Temple Bar, the real business of the past day, the real strong rooms, the real express sent after him, and the real message returned, would all be there. Out of the midst of them, the ghostly face would rise, and he would accost it again.

ghostly - प्रेतरूपी

accost - टोकना, फँसाना, संबोधन करना

"Buried how long?"

"Almost eighteen years."

"I hope you care to live?"

"I can't say."

Dig-dig-dig-until an impatient movement from one of the two passengers would admonish him to pull up the window, draw his arm securely through the leathern strap, and speculate upon the two slumbering forms, until his mind lost its hold of them, and they again slid away into the bank and the grave.

impatient - उतसुक, बेचैन, उत्सुक, उतावला

admonish - चेतावनी देना

securely - सुरक्षित रूप से

speculate - अनुमान लगाना, अंदाज़ लगाना

slumbering - सोता हुआ, (slumber) सोता हुआ

slid - स्लिड, (slide), t-needed

"Buried how long?"

"Almost eighteen years."

"You had abandoned all hope of being dug out?"

dug - थन, (dig)

"Long ago."

The words were still in his hearing as just spoken-distinctly in his hearing as ever spoken words had been in his life-when the weary passenger started to the consciousness of daylight, and found that the shadows of the night were gone.

distinctly - in a distinct manner

weary - थकाना, उकता देना, उबाऊ

consciousness - चेतना

daylight - दिन, सुबह, दिन का प्रकाश

He lowered the window, and looked out at the rising sun. There was a ridge of ploughed land, with a plough upon it where it had been left last night when the horses were unyoked; beyond, a quiet coppice-wood, in which many leaves of burning red and golden yellow still remained upon the trees. Though the earth was cold and wet, the sky was clear, and the sun rose bright, placid, and beautiful.

lowered - छोटा, कम करना, गिरना, घटाना

ridge - ऊपर उठाना, ढालू टीला{ या पहाड़ी}

ploughed - खेत जोतना, हल, जोतना

unyoked - जुए से खोलना

coppice - गुल्म

Golden - महतपूर्ण, अच्छा, शुभ, सोने का

placid - शांत, सौम्य

"Eighteen years!" said the passenger, looking at the sun. "Gracious Creator of day! To be buried alive for eighteen years!"

gracious - आरामदेह, रमणीय, दयालु, दयामय

creator - करतार, सिरजनहार, रब, वाहेगुरु

Chapter IV. The Preparation

preparation - तैयारी

When the mail got successfully to Dover, in the course of the forenoon, the head drawer at the Royal George Hotel opened the coach-door as his custom was. He did it with some flourish of ceremony, for a mail journey from London in winter was an achievement to congratulate an adventurous traveller upon.

forenoon - forenoon - part of the day before noon

drawer - दराज

George - जर्ज

flourish - अलंकरण, हाव भाव से

congratulate - बधाई देना

adventurous - साहसिक, उत्साही, जोखिम भरा

By that time, there was only one adventurous traveller left be congratulated: for the two others had been set down at their respective roadside destinations. The mildewy inside of the coach, with its damp and dirty straw, its disagreeable smell, and its obscurity, was rather like a larger dog-kennel. Mr.

congratulated - बधाई देना, बधाई देना

respective - निजी, विशेष, अपना अपना

damp - कम करना, गीला, नमी, नम करना

disagreeable - अप्रिय, झगड़ालू

obscurity - अंधकार, कठिनाई, अस्पष्टता

dog-kennel - (dog-kennel) कुत्ते के केनल

Lorry, the passenger, shaking himself out of it in chains of straw, a tangle of shaggy wrapper, flapping hat, and muddy legs, was rather like a larger sort of dog.

tangle - पुंज

shaggy - खुरदार, रोएँदार, झबरा

wrapper - ओढ़ना, आवरण, लपेटने का कागज

flapping - चिंतावस्था, उत्तेजना, फ्लैप

Muddy - मटमैला, मैला, गंदा करना, दलदली

"There will be a packet to Calais, tomorrow, drawer?"

packet - पैकेट, पुलिंदा, लिफ़ाफ़ा

"Yes, sir, if the weather holds and the wind sets tolerable fair. The tide will serve pretty nicely at about two in the afternoon, sir. Bed, sir?"

wind - हवा

tide - ज्वार भाटा

nicely - संतोषप्रद, अच्छी तरह से

"I shall not go to bed till night; but I want a bedroom, and a barber."

barber - नाई

"And then breakfast, sir? Yes, sir. That way, sir, if you please. Show Concord! Gentleman's valise and hot water to Concord. Pull off gentleman's boots in Concord. (You will find a fine sea-coal fire, sir.) Fetch barber to Concord. Stir about there, now, for Concord!"

valise - चमड़े का छोटा थैला

Concord - मेल, एकता

fetch - जा कर लाना

The Concord bed-chamber being always assigned to a passenger by the mail, and passengers by the mail being always heavily wrapped up from head to foot, the room had the odd interest for the establishment of the Royal George, that although but one kind of man was seen to go into it, all kinds and varieties of men came out of it.

chamber - सभा, सदन, कमरा, कचहरी, कोठरी

assigned - निश्चित करना, देना

establishment - स्थान, संस्था, नींव, स्थापना

Consequently, another drawer, and two porters, and several maids and the landlady, were all loitering by accident at various points of the road between the Concord and the coffee-room, when a gentleman of sixty, formally dressed in a brown suit of clothes, pretty well worn, but very well kept, with large square cuffs and large flaps to the pockets, passed along on his way to his breakfast.

consequently - परिणामस्वरूप

porters - पोर्टर, द्वारपाल, दरवानअ, क़ुली

maids - दासी, नौकरानी, नोकरानी

landlady - मकान मालकिन, मालकिन

loitering - आवारागर्दी, (loiter) आवारागर्दी

formally - औपचारिक रूप से, विधिवत् रूप से

cuffs - तमाचा मारना, थप्पड़ मारना

flaps - चिंतावस्था, उत्तेजना, फ्लैप

The coffee-room had no other occupant, that forenoon, than the gentleman in brown. His breakfast-table was drawn before the fire, and as he sat, with its light shining on him, waiting for the meal, he sat so still, that he might have been sitting for his portrait.

occupant - सवारी, अधिभोक्ता/अधिवासी

Very orderly and methodical he looked, with a hand on each knee, and a loud watch ticking a sonorous sermon under his flapped waist-coat, as though it pitted its gravity and longevity against the levity and evanescence of the brisk fire.

orderly - शांत, अर्दली, तर्कसंगत

methodical - सुव्यवस्थित, व्यवस्थित/तरीके का

ticking - धारी वाला मोटा कपड़्, (tic)

sonorous - गुंजायमान, सुरीला

sermon - धर्मोपदेश, प्रवचन

flapped - चिंतावस्था, उत्तेजना, फ्लैप

waist - कमर

pitted - गड्ढा, दाग बनाना, बीज निकालना

gravity - गुरुत्वाकर्षण

longevity - ज्येष्ठता, दीर्घायु, दीर्घ आयु

levity - छिछलापन

evanescence - अस्तित्वहीनता

brisk - फुरतीला

He had a good leg, and was a little vain of it, for his brown stockings fitted sleek and close, and were of a fine texture; his shoes and buckles, too, though plain, were trim. He wore an odd little sleek crisp flaxen wig, setting very close to his head: which wig, it is to be presumed, was made of hair, but which looked far more as though it were spun from filaments of silk or glass.

vain - व्यर्थ, अहंकारी, खोखला, असार

stockings - लंबा मोजा, संग्रहण, मोजा

sleek - चिकना, आकर्षक, चिकना बनाना

texture - संरचना, बुनावट, प्रकृति

buckles - झुकना, बकसुआ, झुका देना

trim - काटना, सजाना, छँटाई, छाँटना

crisp - खरा, तीव्र, छल्लेदार

flaxen - सन के रंग का

wig - उपकेश, विग

presumed - मान लेना, चुनौती देना

spun - घुमाना, घुमाव, चक्कर, घुमना

filaments - फिलामेंट, संवाहक तार, तंतु

silk - रेशम

His linen, though not of a fineness in accordance with his stockings, was as white as the tops of the waves that broke upon the neighbouring beach, or the specks of sail that glinted in the sunlight far at sea.

linen - लिनेन

fineness - उत्कृष्टता, सूक्षमता, पतलापन

accordance - अनुरूप, सहमति, अधिकार अनुदान

specks - दाग, कण, धब्बा, बिन्दु

glinted - चमक, चमकना, झलकना

sunlight - धूप

A face habitually suppressed and quieted, was still lighted up under the quaint wig by a pair of moist bright eyes that it must have cost their owner, in years gone by, some pains to drill to the composed and reserved expression of Tellson's Bank. He had a healthy colour in his cheeks, and his face, though lined, bore few traces of anxiety.

habitually - आदतन, आदत से

suppressed - रोकना, समाप्त करना

lighted up - प्रकाशित

quaint - अजीब, अनुठा

moist - नम

drill - छेद करना

composed - showing composure

reserved - संचय, अलग छोड़ देना, प्रतिबंध

cheeks - घमंडी, गाल, जबड़ा, गुस्ताख

traces - सुराग, संकेत, अवशेष, कुछ, निशान

anxiety - चिंता, परेशानी

But, perhaps the confidential bachelor clerks in Tellson's Bank were principally occupied with the cares of other people; and perhaps second-hand cares, like second-hand clothes, come easily off and on.

bachelor - स्नातक, कुँवारों के लिए उपयुक्त

clerks - पादरी, विद्वान, पेशकार, अधिकारी

occupied with - लगातार के साथ

second-hand - (second-hand) दूसरे हाथ

Completing his resemblance to a man who was sitting for his portrait, Mr. Lorry dropped off to sleep. The arrival of his breakfast roused him, and he said to the drawer, as he moved his chair to it:

resemblance - सादृश्य, समानता

roused - उत्तेजित करना, उत्तेजित, उठाना

"I wish accommodation prepared for a young lady who may come here at any time to-day. She may ask for Mr. Jarvis Lorry, or she may only ask for a gentleman from Tellson's Bank. Please to let me know."

"Yes, sir. Tellson's Bank in London, sir?"


"Yes, sir. We have oftentimes the honour to entertain your gentlemen in their travelling backwards and forwards betwixt London and Paris, sir. A vast deal of travelling, sir, in Tellson and Company's House."

oftentimes - frequently, repeatedly

betwixt - between

vast - बृहत, बहु, विशाल, बहुत बड़ा

"Yes. We are quite a French House, as well as an English one."

"Yes, sir. Not much in the habit of such travelling yourself, I think, sir?"

"Not of late years. It is fifteen years since we-since I-came last from France."

"Indeed, sir? That was before my time here, sir. Before our people's time here, sir. The George was in other hands at that time, sir."

"I believe so."

"But I would hold a pretty wager, sir, that a House like Tellson and Company was flourishing, a matter of fifty, not to speak of fifteen years ago?"

wager - बाजी

flourishing - अलंकरण, हाव भाव से

"You might treble that, and say a hundred and fifty, yet not be far from the truth."

treble - उच्चध्वनि

"Indeed, sir!"

Rounding his mouth and both his eyes, as he stepped backward from the table, the waiter shifted his napkin from his right arm to his left, dropped into a comfortable attitude, and stood surveying the guest while he ate and drank, as from an observatory or watchtower. According to the immemorial usage of waiters in all ages.

backward - पीछे की ओर का, उल्टा, पिछड़ा हुआ

napkin - नैपकिन, रूमाल

Observatory - अबजरवेटरी, वेधशाला, वेधालय

watchtower - पर्यवेक्षण बुर्ज

immemorial - अति प्राचीन, चिरकाल

usage - खपत, उपयोग

When Mr. Lorry had finished his breakfast, he went out for a stroll on the beach. The little narrow, crooked town of Dover hid itself away from the beach, and ran its head into the chalk cliffs, like a marine ostrich. The beach was a desert of heaps of sea and stones tumbling wildly about, and the sea did what it liked, and what it liked was destruction.

stroll - सैर

crooked - वक्र, धूर्त, कुटिल, झुका हुआ

chalk - खड़िया

cliffs - खड़ी चट्टान, प्रपात

marine - मैरीन

ostrich - शुतुरमुर्ग़, शुतुरमुर्ग

heaps - ढेर लगना, ढेर लगना, ढेर लगाना

tumbling - टमलिंग, (tumble) टमलिंग

wildly - शिष्टाचारहीनतः, अशिष्टतः

destruction - नाश, विनाश

It thundered at the town, and thundered at the cliffs, and brought the coast down, madly. The air among the houses was of so strong a piscatory flavour that one might have supposed sick fish went up to be dipped in it, as sick people went down to be dipped in the sea.

thundered - ज़ोर से धमाकाना, गरजना

coast down - तट पर नीचे

madly - बहुत ज़्यादा, पागलों की तरह

piscatory - of, about

flavour - स्वाद

dipped in - डिप्प्ड इन

sick people - बीमार लोग

A little fishing was done in the port, and a quantity of strolling about by night, and looking seaward: particularly at those times when the tide made, and was near flood. Small tradesmen, who did no business whatever, sometimes unaccountably realised large fortunes, and it was remarkable that nobody in the neighbourhood could endure a lamplighter.

strolling - ट्रॉलिंग, (stroll), सैर

seaward - समुद्र की ओर, समुद्र की ओर

tradesmen - फेरी वाला, दुकानदार, दस्तकार

unaccountably - अकारण ही

realised - संपादित, सिद्ध

fortunes - संयोग, सौभाग्य, भाग्य, सफलता

remarkable - विलक्षण, विशिष्ट, उल्लेखनीय

endure - सहना, सहन करना, टिके रहना

lamplighter - a person employed to light streetlights

As the day declined into the afternoon, and the air, which had been at intervals clear enough to allow the French coast to be seen, became again charged with mist and vapour, Mr. Lorry's thoughts seemed to cloud too. When it was dark, and he sat before the coffee-room fire, awaiting his dinner as he had awaited his breakfast, his mind was busily digging, digging, digging, in the live red coals.

intervals - विराम, अंतराल, अन्तराल

vapour - वाष्प

awaiting - आसरा देखना, बाट जोहना, शलभ

awaited - आसरा देखना, बाट जोहना, शलभ

busily - व्यस्ततापूर्वक

digging - खोदन, (dig) खोदन

A bottle of good claret after dinner does a digger in the red coals no harm, otherwise than as it has a tendency to throw him out of work. Mr.

claret - गहरा लाल रंग, क्लैरेट

digger - खनक

harm - नुक़सान, checkहानि

Lorry had been idle a long time, and had just poured out his last glassful of wine with as complete an appearance of satisfaction as is ever to be found in an elderly gentleman of a fresh complexion who has got to the end of a bottle, when a rattling of wheels came up the narrow street, and rumbled into the inn-yard.

idle - बेकार, खाली

glassful - ग्लासफुल

satisfaction - स्पष्टीकरण, पूर्ति, संतोष

elderly - बुज़ुर्ग

fresh complexion - ताजा त्वचा

rattling - बहुत, अद्भुत, सुखदायी

rumbled - पता लगाना, खोज निकालना

Inn - सराय, धर्मशाला

He set down his glass untouched. "This is Mam'selle!" said he.

untouched - अक्षत, अनछुआ, अप्रभावित, अछूता

In a very few minutes the waiter came in to announce that Miss Manette had arrived from London, and would be happy to see the gentleman from Tellson's.

"So soon?"

Miss Manette had taken some refreshment on the road, and required none then, and was extremely anxious to see the gentleman from Tellson's immediately, if it suited his pleasure and convenience.

refreshment - ताज़गी, जलपान, अल्पाहार जलपान

anxious - चिन्ताजनक, उत्सुक, चिन्तित

convenience - सुविधा

The gentleman from Tellson's had nothing left for it but to empty his glass with an air of stolid desperation, settle his odd little flaxen wig at the ears, and follow the waiter to Miss Manette's apartment. It was a large, dark room, furnished in a funereal manner with black horsehair, and loaded with heavy dark tables.

stolid - संकोची, भावहीन, मुर्ख, हटी

desperation - निराशा

settle - आराम करना

dark room - डार्क रूम

funereal - मातमी

horsehair - घोड़े के बाल, वेधतन्तु

These had been oiled and oiled, until the two tall candles on the table in the middle of the room were gloomily reflected on every leaf; as if they were buried, in deep graves of black mahogany, and no light to speak of could be expected from them until they were dug out.

candles - बत्ती, शमा, ज्योतोर्मयता का एकक

gloomily - उदास हो कर, उदास हो कर

graves - महत्त्वपूर्ण, महत्वपूर्ण, खोदना

mahogany - महोगनी

The obscurity was so difficult to penetrate that Mr.

penetrate - समझना, घुसना, काम करना

Lorry, picking his way over the well-worn Turkey carpet, supposed Miss Manette to be, for the moment, in some adjacent room, until, having got past the two tall candles, he saw standing to receive him by the table between them and the fire, a young lady of not more than seventeen, in a riding-cloak, and still holding her straw travelling-hat by its ribbon in her hand.

turkey - पीरू

cloak - चोग़ा

ribbon - फीता, फ़ीता, रिबन

As his eyes rested on a short, slight, pretty figure, a quantity of golden hair, a pair of blue eyes that met his own with an inquiring look, and a forehead with a singular capacity (remembering how young and smooth it was), of rifting and knitting itself into an expression that was not quite one of perplexity, or wonder, or alarm, or merely of a bright fixed attention, though it included all the four expressions-as his eyes rested on these things, a sudden vivid likeness passed before him, of a child whom he had held in his arms on the passage across that very Channel, one cold time, when the hail drifted heavily and the sea ran high. The likeness passed away, like a breath along the surface of the gaunt pier-glass behind her, on the frame of which, a hospital procession of negro cupids, several headless and all cripples, were offering black baskets of Dead Sea fruit to black divinities of the feminine gender-and he made his formal bow to Miss Manette.

Slight - थोड़ा

inquiring - पूछना, पता लगाना, छानबीन करना

forehead - माथा, माथ, ललाट

singular - एकवचन

capacity - सामर्थ्य, क्षमता

rifting - अनबन, दरार

knitting - बुनना, बुनाई, (knit), बुनना

perplexity - जटिलता, घबराहट, हैरानी, टिलता

merely - केवल, मात्र

vivid - चमकीला, सुस्पष्ट, प्रबल, विशद

likeness - तुलनात्मकता, समानता

passage - गलियारा

hail - नमस्ते

drifted - बहना, ढेर, धारा, अभिप्राय

gaunt - भूखा रहकर दुबला होना

pier-glass - (pier-glass) पायर ग्लास

negro - नीग्रो, हबशी, हब्शी, हबशिन

cupids - कामदेव

headless - नेतृत्वहीन, शिरोहीन, अशिरस्क

cripples - अपाहिज करना, लंगड़ा मनुष्य

offering - बलि, भेंट, अर्पित

baskets - अंक, डलिया, टोकरी

Dead Sea - मृत समुद्र

divinities - देवता, प्रभुत्व, ईश्वरत्व, देवी

feminine - स्त्रीलिंग

gender - लिंग

bow - झुकना, झुकाना

"Pray take a seat, sir." In a very clear and pleasant young voice; a little foreign in its accent, but a very little indeed.

accent - लहजा

"I kiss your hand, miss," said Mr. Lorry, with the manners of an earlier date, as he made his formal bow again, and took his seat.

"I received a letter from the Bank, sir, yesterday, informing me that some intelligence-or discovery-"

informing - बताना, सूचित करना, प्रेरित करना

"The word is not material, miss; either word will do."

"-respecting the small property of my poor father, whom I never saw-so long dead-"

Mr. Lorry moved in his chair, and cast a troubled look towards the hospital procession of negro cupids. As if they had any help for anybody in their absurd baskets!

cast - ढालना, डालना

absurd - निरर्थक, बेतुका, असंगत

"-rendered it necessary that I should go to Paris, there to communicate with a gentleman of the Bank, so good as to be despatched to Paris for the purpose."

rendered - देना, अर्पण करना, पैदा करना


"As I was prepared to hear, sir."

She curtseyed to him (young ladies made curtseys in those days), with a pretty desire to convey to him that she felt how much older and wiser he was than she. He made her another bow.

curtseyed - सौजन्य

curtseys - सौजन्य

desire - इच्छा, चाह

convey - प्रकट करना, ले जाना, पहुँचाना

wiser - बुद्धिमान, सूचना देना, विद्वान

"I replied to the Bank, sir, that as it was considered necessary, by those who know, and who are so kind as to advise me, that I should go to France, and that as I am an orphan and have no friend who could go with me, I should esteem it highly if I might be permitted to place myself, during the journey, under that worthy gentleman's protection.

orphan - अनाथ, यतीम, लावारिस

esteem - सम्मान करना, आदर, आदर/सम्मान

permitted - परमिट, अनुमति देना, अनुमति

worthy - योग्य, ईमानदार, उपयुक्त, लायक

The gentleman had left London, but I think a messenger was sent after him to beg the favour of his waiting for me here."

beg - भीख मांगना

"I was happy," said Mr. Lorry, "to be entrusted with the charge. I shall be more happy to execute it."

entrusted - सौंपना, सौंप देना

execute - पूरा करना, कार्यान्वित करना

"Sir, I thank you indeed. I thank you very gratefully. It was told me by the Bank that the gentleman would explain to me the details of the business, and that I must prepare myself to find them of a surprising nature. I have done my best to prepare myself, and I naturally have a strong and eager interest to know what they are."

gratefully - कृतज्ञतापूर्वक, कृतज्ञता से

eager - उत्सुक

"Naturally," said Mr. Lorry. "Yes-I-"

After a pause, he added, again settling the crisp flaxen wig at the ears, "It is very difficult to begin."

settling - dregs, , (settle) dregs

He did not begin, but, in his indecision, met her glance. The young forehead lifted itself into that singular expression-but it was pretty and characteristic, besides being singular-and she raised her hand, as if with an involuntary action she caught at, or stayed some passing shadow.

indecision - अनिश्चय, हिचकिचाहट

glance - चमकना, ग्लांस करना, नजर डालना

characteristic - विशेषता

involuntary - अनिच्छा से होने वाला, अस्वैच्छिक

"Are you quite a stranger to me, sir?"

"Am I not?" Mr. Lorry opened his hands, and extended them outwards with an argumentative smile.

extended - फैलना, फैलाना, देना, बढ़ाना

outwards - जाता हुआ, बाहरी, बाहर की ओर

argumentative - तर्कसंगत, विवादप्रिय/तार्किक

Between the eyebrows and just over the little feminine nose, the line of which was as delicate and fine as it was possible to be, the expression deepened itself as she took her seat thoughtfully in the chair by which she had hitherto remained standing. He watched her as she mused, and the moment she raised her eyes again, went on:

eyebrows - भौंह, भौं

delicate - स्वादिष्ट, लिहाज रखनेवाला

deepened - गहराना, गहरा हो जाना, गहरा होना

thoughtfully - विचारमग्न ढंग से, सहृदयतापूर्वक

hitherto - अब तक, अभी तक

"In your adopted country, I presume, I cannot do better than address you as a young English lady, Miss Manette?"

adopted country - समाजीकृत देश

presume - मान लेना, चुनौती देना

"If you please, sir."

"Miss Manette, I am a man of business. I have a business charge to acquit myself of. In your reception of it, don't heed me any more than if I was a speaking machine-truly, I am not much else. I will, with your leave, relate to you, miss, the story of one of our customers."

acquit - बरी करना, प्रस्तुत करना

heed - ध्यान, ध्यान देना, ध्यान देना

truly - वास्तव, =वास्तव में

customers - ग्राहक, असामी, खरीदनेवाला


He seemed wilfully to mistake the word she had repeated, when he added, in a hurry, "Yes, customers; in the banking business we usually call our connection our customers. He was a French gentleman; a scientific gentleman; a man of great acquirements-a Doctor."

wilfully - जानते बूझते, जान बूझ कर

acquirements - हुनर

"Not of Beauvais?"

"Why, yes, of Beauvais. Like Monsieur Manette, your father, the gentleman was of Beauvais. Like Monsieur Manette, your father, the gentleman was of repute in Paris. I had the honour of knowing him there. Our relations were business relations, but confidential. I was at that time in our French House, and had been-oh! twenty years."

monsieur - श्रीमान

repute - प्रतिष्ठा, कीर्ति, ख्याति

business relations - व्यापार संबंध

"At that time-I may ask, at what time, sir?"

"I speak, miss, of twenty years ago. He married-an English lady-and I was one of the trustees. His affairs, like the affairs of many other French gentlemen and French families, were entirely in Tellson's hands. In a similar way I am, or I have been, trustee of one kind or other for scores of our customers.

trustees - समिति, न्यासी, ट्रस्टी

affairs - घटना, समस्या, झगड़ा, वस्तु

entirely - पूरी तरह से, पूरी तरह से

These are mere business relations, miss; there is no friendship in them, no particular interest, nothing like sentiment. I have passed from one to another, in the course of my business life, just as I pass from one of our customers to another in the course of my business day; in short, I have no feelings; I am a mere machine. To go on-"

sentiment - भावना, विचार, मनोभाव, भावुकता

business day - व्यापार दिवस

feelings - भावना, अहसास, जज्बात

"But this is my father's story, sir; and I begin to think"-the curiously roughened forehead was very intent upon him-"that when I was left an orphan through my mother's surviving my father only two years, it was you who brought me to England. I am almost sure it was you."

curiously - अजीब से

roughened - कर्कश होना, कर्कश करना

Mr. Lorry took the hesitating little hand that confidingly advanced to take his, and he put it with some ceremony to his lips.

hesitating - हिचकिचाना, संकोच करना

confidingly - विश्वास प्रकट करते हुए

He then conducted the young lady straightway to her chair again, and, holding the chair-back with his left hand, and using his right by turns to rub his chin, pull his wig at the ears, or point what he said, stood looking down into her face while she sat looking up into his.

conducted - चलाना, आचरण, संचालन करना

straightway - तुरंत, सीधा

Rub - रगड़ना

"Miss Manette, it was I. And you will see how truly I spoke of myself just now, in saying I had no feelings, and that all the relations I hold with my fellow-creatures are mere business relations, when you reflect that I have never seen you since. No; you have been the ward of Tellson's House since, and I have been busy with the other business of Tellson's House since. Feelings!

ward - वार्ड, रोगीकक्ष

I have no time for them, no chance of them. I pass my whole life, miss, in turning an immense pecuniary Mangle."

immense - असीम, अमित, विपल, विशाल

pecuniary - धन संबन्धी, आर्थिक

Mangle - क्षत-विक्षत करना

After this odd description of his daily routine of employment, Mr. Lorry flattened his flaxen wig upon his head with both hands (which was most unnecessary, for nothing could be flatter than its shining surface was before), and resumed his former attitude.

flattened - समतल होना[करना]

most unnecessary - सबसे अत्यधिक अनिवार्य

resumed - फिर आरम्भ करना, सार

former - भूतपूर्व

"So far, miss (as you have remarked), this is the story of your regretted father. Now comes the difference. If your father had not died when he did-Don't be frightened! How you start!"

remarked - करना, ध्यान, प्रतिक्रिया

regretted - दुःखी होना, खेद होना

be frightened - डरना

She did, indeed, start. And she caught his wrist with both her hands.

wrist - कलाई

"Pray," said Mr. Lorry, in a soothing tone, bringing his left hand from the back of the chair to lay it on the supplicatory fingers that clasped him in so violent a tremble: "pray control your agitation-a matter of business. As I was saying-"

soothing - आरामदेह

supplicatory - विनयी

clasped - मजबूत पकड़, बकसुआ

tremble - परेशान करना, हिलना, कम्पन

Her look so discomposed him that he stopped, wandered, and began anew:

discomposed - अशांत कर देना

wandered - घुमावदार मार्ग से हो कर आगे बढ़ना

anew - नये सिरे से, नये प्रकार से

"As I was saying; if Monsieur Manette had not died; if he had suddenly and silently disappeared; if he had been spirited away; if it had not been difficult to guess to what dreadful place, though no art could trace him; if he had an enemy in some compatriot who could exercise a privilege that I in my own time have known the boldest people afraid to speak of in a whisper, across the water there; for instance, the privilege of filling up blank forms for the consignment of any one to the oblivion of a prison for any length of time; if his wife had implored the king, the queen, the court, the clergy, for any tidings of him, and all quite in vain;-then the history of your father would have been the history of this unfortunate gentleman, the Doctor of Beauvais."

spirited away - स्पिरिटेड अवे

dreadful - भद्दा, शोचनीय, डरावना, विकट

trace - निशान

compatriot - स्वदेशवासी, देश-भाई

privilege - सौभाग्य, सुविधा, विशेषाधिकार

boldest - धृष्ट, सुस्पष्ट, स्पष्ट

whisper - फुसफुसाना

instance - घटना, अवसर, वारदात, उदाहरण

consignment - माल, भेजा गया माल, प्रेषित माल

oblivion - विस्मृति, गुमनामी, भूल देना

implored - प्रार्थना करना

clergy - पादरी, पुरोहित वर्ग

tidings - समाचार, ख़बर

unfortunate - दुःखद, दुर्भाग्य, खेदजनक, अभागा

"I entreat you to tell me more, sir."

entreat - अनुनय विनय करना

"I will. I am going to. You can bear it?"

"I can bear anything but the uncertainty you leave me in at this moment."

uncertainty - अस्थिरता, अनिश्चय, संदिग्धता

"You speak collectedly, and you-are collected. That's good!" (Though his manner was less satisfied than his words.) "A matter of business. Regard it as a matter of business-business that must be done. Now if this doctor's wife, though a lady of great courage and spirit, had suffered so intensely from this cause before her little child was born-"

satisfied - शांत करना, आपूर्ति करना

regard - मानना

courage - साहस, हौसला, हिम्मत

"The little child was a daughter, sir."

"A daughter. A-a-matter of business-don't be distressed. Miss, if the poor lady had suffered so intensely before her little child was born, that she came to the determination of sparing the poor child the inheritance of any part of the agony she had known the pains of, by rearing her in the belief that her father was dead-No, don't kneel! In Heaven's name why should you kneel to me!"

distressed - दुःख होना, कठिनाई, दुःख होना

determination - निर्णायक, विचार, इरादा

sparing - तकरार करना, अधात्विक खनिज

agony - व्यथा, कष्ट

rearing - पीछे का भाग, उठाना, पिछला

kneel - घुटने के बल बैठना, घुटने टेकना

"For the truth. O dear, good, compassionate sir, for the truth!"

compassionate - दयालु, करुणामय

"A-a matter of business. You confuse me, and how can I transact business if I am confused? Let us be clear-headed. If you could kindly mention now, for instance, what nine times ninepence are, or how many shillings in twenty guineas, it would be so encouraging. I should be so much more at my ease about your state of mind."

transact - कारबार करना

ninepence - नाइन पेंस

shillings - ब्रिटिष का सिक्का, शिलिंग

guineas - ऐसा व्यक्ति या पशु जिस पर कोई वैज्ञानिक परीक्षण किया जाता है

Without directly answering to this appeal, she sat so still when he had very gently raised her, and the hands that had not ceased to clasp his wrists were so much more steady than they had been, that she communicated some reassurance to Mr. Jarvis Lorry.

appeal - अपील करना

gently - सावधानी से, शिष्टता से

clasp - मजबूत पकड़, बकसुआ

wrists - कलाई, पहुँचा

steady - दृढ़

reassurance - आश्वासन

"that's right, that's right. Courage! Business! You have business before you; useful business. Miss Manette, your mother took this course with you.

that's right - वो सही है

And when she died-I believe broken-hearted-having never slackened her unavailing search for your father, she left you, at two years old, to grow to be blooming, beautiful, and happy, without the dark cloud upon you of living in uncertainty whether your father soon wore his heart out in prison, or wasted there through many lingering years."

slackened - कम करना, घटाना, धीमा करना

unavailing - व्यर्थ, निष्फल, असफल

blooming - बहार पर आना, अरूणिमा, फूल

Lingering - विलंब करने वाला

As he said the words he looked down, with an admiring pity, on the flowing golden hair; as if he pictured to himself that it might have been already tinged with grey.

pity - दया, खैद का विषय, स्नेह, लज्जा

tinged - झलक, भर देना, रंग देना

"You know that your parents had no great possession, and that what they had was secured to your mother and to you. There has been no new discovery, of money, or of any other property; but-"

secured - प्राप्त करना, निश्चित, सुरक्षित

He felt his wrist held closer, and he stopped. The expression in the forehead, which had so particularly attracted his notice, and which was now immovable, had deepened into one of pain and horror.

immovable - अटल, अचल, स्थाणु

"But he has been-been found. He is alive. Greatly changed, it is too probable; almost a wreck, it is possible; though we will hope the best. Still, alive. Your father has been taken to the house of an old servant in Paris, and we are going there: I, to identify him if I can: you, to restore him to life, love, duty, rest, comfort."

greatly - अत्यन्त, बहुत ही, बहुत ही

probable - संभावित, प्रत्याशी, संभाव्य

wreck - टक्कर, नष्ट करना, नाश करना

restore - पुनः स्थापित करना, मरम्मत करना

comfort - आराम

A shiver ran through her frame, and from it through his. She said, in a low, distinct, awe-stricken voice, as if she were saying it in a dream,

shiver - कांपना, सिहरना

distinct - सुस्पष्ट, स्पष्ट, अलग अलग

awe - विस्मय, विस्मयाकुल कर देना

stricken - पीड़ित, दुःखी, व्यथित

"I am going to see his Ghost! It will be his Ghost-not him!"

Mr. Lorry quietly chafed the hands that held his arm. "There, there, there! See now, see now! The best and the worst are known to you, now. You are well on your way to the poor wronged gentleman, and, with a fair sea voyage, and a fair land journey, you will be soon at his dear side."

chafed - बजाना, चिढ़ होना, रगड़, खीझ

She repeated in the same tone, sunk to a whisper, "I have been free, I have been happy, yet his Ghost has never haunted me!"

haunted - याद आना, भूत बन कर घूमना, अड्डा

"Only one thing more," said Mr. Lorry, laying stress upon it as a wholesome means of enforcing her attention: "he has been found under another name; his own, long forgotten or long concealed. It would be worse than useless now to inquire which; worse than useless to seek to know whether he has been for years overlooked, or always designedly held prisoner.

wholesome - स्वस्थ, हितकारी, पौष्टिक

enforcing - लागू करना, लागू करना

concealed - छिपाना

inquire - पूछना, पता लगाना, छानबीन करना

seek - ढूँढ़ना, ढूँढना, खोजना

overlooked - के उपर से दिखना, अन्देकी करना

designedly - जान बूझ कर, जान बूझ कर

It would be worse than useless now to make any inquiries, because it would be dangerous. Better not to mention the subject, anywhere or in any way, and to remove him-for a while at all events-out of France. Even I, safe as an Englishman, and even Tellson's, important as they are to French credit, avoid all naming of the matter. I carry about me, not a scrap of writing openly referring to it.

inquiries - जाँच, सर्वेक्षण, अन्वेषण

Englishman - अंग्रेज़

scrap - टुकड़ा

openly - खुलेआम

This is a secret service altogether. My credentials, entries, and memoranda, are all comprehended in the one line, 'Recalled to Life;'which may mean anything. But what is the matter! She doesn't notice a word! Miss Manette!"

altogether - पूर्णतया, सब मिलाकर, कुल मिलाकर

credentials - प्रत्यय पत्र, प्रत्यायक

memoranda - मेमोरांडा

comprehended - समझना, समाविष्ट करना

Perfectly still and silent, and not even fallen back in her chair, she sat under his hand, utterly insensible; with her eyes open and fixed upon him, and with that last expression looking as if it were carved or branded into her forehead. So close was her hold upon his arm, that he feared to detach himself lest he should hurt her; therefore he called out loudly for assistance without moving.

fallen back - विपरीत पीछे गया

utterly - नितान्त, पूर्ण रूप से

insensible - अनभिज्ञ, संवेदनशून्य

carved - काट कर चित्र बनाना

detach - भेज देना, काटना, अलग होना

assistance - मदद, सहायता, इमदाद

A wild-looking woman, whom even in his agitation, Mr.

Lorry observed to be all of a red colour, and to have red hair, and to be dressed in some extraordinary tight-fitting fashion, and to have on her head a most wonderful bonnet like a Grenadier wooden measure, and good measure too, or a great Stilton cheese, came running into the room in advance of the inn servants, and soon settled the question of his detachment from the poor young lady, by laying a brawny hand upon his chest, and sending him flying back against the nearest wall.

observed - अनुपालन करना, कहना, देखना

extraordinary - असाधारण

bonnet - बोनट

grenadier - हथगोला फेंकने वाला सैनिक

Stilton - स्टिल्टन, दूद से बना हुआ चीज़

advance - बयाना देना

detachment - पृथक्करण, तटस्थता, टुकड़ी

brawny - हट्टा कट्टा, गठीला

("I really think this must be a man!" was Mr. Lorry's breathless reflection, simultaneously with his coming against the wall.)

breathless - हँफा देनेवाली, स्तब्ध, बेदम

reflection - परावर्तन, प्रतिबिंब

simultaneously - एक साथ

"Why, look at you all!" bawled this figure, addressing the inn servants. "Why don't you go and fetch things, instead of standing there staring at me? I am not so much to look at, am I? Why don't you go and fetch things? I'll let you know, if you don't bring smelling-salts, cold water, and vinegar, quick, I will."

bawled - ज़ोर से रोना या चिल्लाना

vinegar - सिरका, चुक्र

There was an immediate dispersal for these restoratives, and she softly laid the patient on a sofa, and tended her with great skill and gentleness: calling her "my precious!" and "my bird!" and spreading her golden hair aside over her shoulders with great pride and care.

dispersal - बिखराव

restoratives - पौष्टिक, स्वास्थ्यकर, बलवर्धक

sofa - सोफ़ा, सोफा

gentleness - क्रमशः ढलने की वृत्ति, सौम्यता

precious - क़ीमती, प्यारा

aside - अलग, छोड़कर, एक किनारे

"And you in brown!" she said, indignantly turning to Mr. Lorry; "couldn't you tell her what you had to tell her, without frightening her to death? Look at her, with her pretty pale face and her cold hands. Do you call that being a Banker?"

indignantly - रोषपूर्वक, क्रोध से

banker - साहूकार या बैंक का संचालक


Lorry was so exceedingly disconcerted by a question so hard to answer, that he could only look on, at a distance, with much feebler sympathy and humility, while the strong woman, having banished the inn servants under the mysterious penalty of "letting them know" something not mentioned if they stayed there, staring, recovered her charge by a regular series of gradations, and coaxed her to lay her drooping head upon her shoulder.

exceedingly - अत्यन्त, बहुत सा

disconcerted - अशांत कर देना

feebler - अशक्त, दुर्बल, मामूली, क्षीण

sympathy - संवेदना, सहमति, सहानुभूति

humility - विनम्रता

banished - निर्वासित करना, निकाल देना

mysterious - रहस्यपूर्ण, गूढ

penalty - दण्ड, सज़ा

recovered - अच्छा हो जाना, ठीक होना

gradations - वर्गीकरण, क्रमस्थापन, अश्वश्रुति

coaxed - मनाना

"I hope she will do well now," said Mr. Lorry.

"No thanks to you in brown, if she does. My darling pretty!"

"I hope," said Mr. Lorry, after another pause of feeble sympathy and humility, "that you accompany Miss Manette to France?"

feeble - अशक्त, दुर्बल, मामूली, क्षीण

accompany - साथ चलना

"A likely thing, too!" replied the strong woman. "If it was ever intended that I should go across salt water, do you suppose Providence would have cast my lot in an island?"

Providence - सितारा मछली, विधाता, परमात्मा

This being another question hard to answer, Mr. Jarvis Lorry withdrew to consider it.

withdrew - हटाना, अलग करना, हटा लेना

Chapter V. The Wine-shop

A large cask of wine had been dropped and broken, in the street. The accident had happened in getting it out of a cart; the cask had tumbled out with a run, the hoops had burst, and it lay on the stones just outside the door of the wine-shop, shattered like a walnut-shell.

cask - पीपा, पीपाआ

cart - छकड़ा गाड़ी, गाड़ी

tumbled - गिरावट, भाव गिरना, गिर जाना

hoops - छल्ला, बड़ा छल्ला, बड़ा छल्ला

shattered - नष्ट करना या हो जाना

walnut - अखरोट

All the people within reach had suspended their business, or their idleness, to run to the spot and drink the wine. The rough, irregular stones of the street, pointing every way, and designed, one might have thought, expressly to lame all living creatures that approached them, had dammed it into little pools; these were surrounded, each by its own jostling group or crowd, according to its size.

suspended - लटकाना, स्थगित करना

idleness - आलस्य, अलकस

expressly - स्पष्ट रूप से, स्पष्ट रूप से

lame - लंगड़ा

approached - पद्धति, सन्निकर्ष, समीप आना

dammed - बाँध बनाना, बाँध बनाना

surrounded - किनारा, भरा होना, चारों ओर होना

jostling - झोंकना, (jostle) झोंकना

Some men kneeled down, made scoops of their two hands joined, and sipped, or tried to help women, who bent over their shoulders, to sip, before the wine had all run out between their fingers.

kneeled - घुटने के बल बैठना, घुटने टेकना

scoops - पाना, बनाना, पहले ही खबर देना

sipped - घूँट लेना, घूँट, घूँट लेना

Others, men and women, dipped in the puddles with little mugs of mutilated earthenware, or even with handkerchiefs from women's heads, which were squeezed dry into infants'mouths; others made small mud-embankments, to stem the wine as it ran; others, directed by lookers-on up at high windows, darted here and there, to cut off little streams of wine that started away in new directions; others devoted themselves to the sodden and lee-dyed pieces of the cask, licking, and even champing the moister wine-rotted fragments with eager relish. There was no drainage to carry off the wine, and not only did it all get taken up, but so much mud got taken up along with it, that there might have been a scavenger in the street, if anybody acquainted with it could have believed in such a miraculous presence.

dipped - झुकाना, कम करना, निकालना, गिरना

puddles - डबरा, छोटा सा तालाब, पेशाब करना

mugs - भोला भाला व्यक्ति, प्याला

mutilated - काटना, बुरी तरह नष्ट कर देना

earthenware - मिट्टी के बर्तन, मिट्टी के बरतन

handkerchiefs - सितारा मछली, रुमाल

squeezed - दबाव, दबाना, ऐंठना, सीमा

infants - बच्चा, लाल, शिशु

embankments - पुश्ता, तटबंधन, बाँध बाँधना/बाँध

stem - रोकना, उत्पन्न होना, धातु, गलही

lookers - आकर्षक व्यक्ति, दर्शक

darted - चुन्नट, (**), बर्छी, झपट्टा

streams - बहना, वर्ग, प्रवाह, धारा, शाखा

devoted - निष्ठावान, समर्पित, वफादार

sodden - पूरी तरह से भीगा हुआ

Lee - ओर

dyed - रंगना, रंग, रंग करना, रंग करना

licking - पिटाई, हार, (lick) पिटाई

champing - कुतरना

moister - नम

rotted - सड़ाना, सड़ना

fragments - टुकड़े टुकड़े होना

drainage - निकास, अपवहन क्षेत्र

carry off - उठाना

scavenger - कूड़ा करकट में से सामान उठाने वाला

acquainted - परिचित करना, अवगत कराना

miraculous - चमत्कारी, चमत्कारपूर्ण

A shrill sound of laughter and of amused voices-voices of men, women, and children-resounded in the street while this wine game lasted. There was little roughness in the sport, and much playfulness.

shrill - तीखा, तीक्ष्ण, कर्णभेदी

amused - मनोरंजन करना, मन बहलाना

resounded - प्रतिध्वनित होना, धूम मचाना

roughness - कर्कशता, असभ्य व्यवहार, असभ्यता

playfulness - चंचलता, आनन्द, मसखरापन, आनंद

There was a special companionship in it, an observable inclination on the part of every one to join some other one, which led, especially among the luckier or lighter-hearted, to frolicsome embraces, drinking of healths, shaking of hands, and even joining of hands and dancing, a dozen together.

companionship - साथ, संगति

observable - सुस्पष्ट, अवलोकनीय/सुस्फष्ट

inclination - रुचि, झुकाव, शौक, ढाल, पसंद

frolicsome - हँसमुख, ज़िंदादिल

embraces - आलिंगन, समाविष्ट करना

When the wine was gone, and the places where it had been most abundant were raked into a gridiron-pattern by fingers, these demonstrations ceased, as suddenly as they had broken out.

abundant - बहुत, प्रचुर

raked - गोले दागना, जमा करना, ऐयाश

gridiron - फ़ुटबल का मैदान

demonstrations - प्रदर्शन, नमूना, प्रमाण देना

broken out - टूट आउट

The man who had left his saw sticking in the firewood he was cutting, set it in motion again; the women who had left on a door-step the little pot of hot ashes, at which she had been trying to soften the pain in her own starved fingers and toes, or in those of her child, returned to it; men with bare arms, matted locks, and cadaverous faces, who had emerged into the winter light from cellars, moved away, to descend again; and a gloom gathered on the scene that appeared more natural to it than sunshine.

firewood - लकड़ी

ashes - ऐश वृक्ष, ऐश वृक्ष की लकड़ी

soften - कम करना, हल्का करना, कोमल बनाना

starved - भूखा मरना, भूख लगना, भूखा होना

bare - अनावृत

matted - चमकरहित

emerged - प्रकट होना, निकलना

cellars - तहखाना, वाइन का गोदाम, सुरागार

descend - उतरना

gloom - अंधकार, उदासी, निराशा

sunshine - धूप, सूर्यप्रकाश

The wine was red wine, and had stained the ground of the narrow street in the suburb of saint Antoine, in Paris, where it was spilled. It had stained many hands, too, and many faces, and many naked feet, and many wooden shoes.

stained - अभिरंजन करना, धब्बा, गन्दा होना

suburb - उपनगर

saint - सेंट

spilled - छलकना, फैल जाना, गिर जाना

naked - नग्न, नंगा

The hands of the man who sawed the wood, left red marks on the billets; and the forehead of the woman who nursed her baby, was stained with the stain of the old rag she wound about her head again.

stain - दाग, दाग़

rag - चिथड़ा

wound - घाव, चोट, ज़ख़्मी करना, आघात

Those who had been greedy with the staves of the cask, had acquired a tigerish smear about the mouth; and one tall joker so besmirched, his head more out of a long squalid bag of a nightcap than in it, scrawled upon a wall with his finger dipped in muddy wine-lees-blood.

greedy - कंजूस

staves - पटरा लगाना, डंडा, सूराख करना

acquired - प्राप्त करना, लाना

tigerish - शेर जैसा

smear - मैला करना, दाग, गंदा करना

joker - जोकर

besmirched - कीचड़ उछालना, कीचड़ उछालना

squalid - गन्दा, नीच, घिनावना, कुत्सित

nightcap - शयन टोपी, रात्रि पेय

scrawled - घसीटा लिखाई, घसीट कर लिखना

lees - तलछट

The time was to come, when that wine too would be spilled on the street-stones, and when the stain of it would be red upon many there.

And now that the cloud settled on Saint Antoine, which a momentary gleam had driven from his sacred countenance, the darkness of it was heavy-cold, dirt, sickness, ignorance, and want, were the lords in waiting on the saintly presence-nobles of great power all of them; but, most especially the last.

gleam - किरण डालना

sacred - धार्मिक

countenance - समर्थन, मुखाकृति, अनुमोदन करना

sickness - रोग, बीमारी, मिचली, उल्टी आना

saintly - सन्तसुलभ, साधु संतों जैस्

nobles - नोबल्स, (noble) नोबल्स

Samples of a people that had undergone a terrible grinding and regrinding in the mill, and certainly not in the fabulous mill which ground old people young, shivered at every corner, passed in and out at every doorway, looked from every window, fluttered in every vestige of a garment that the wind shook.

undergone - करना, अनुभव करना, झेलना, कराना

grinding - घिसाई, कष्टकर

Fabulous - शानदार, ढेर सारा, ढेर सारा

Mill - मिल

shivered - कम्पन, कँपकँअपी, काँपना

doorway - द्वार, दरवाजा

fluttered - उत्तेजना, घबराहट, उतार चढाव

vestige - अवशेष, मार्ग, पदांक, रास्ता

garment - वस्ट्र, कपड़ा

The mill which had worked them down, was the mill that grinds young people old; the children had ancient faces and grave voices; and upon them, and upon the grown faces, and ploughed into every furrow of age and coming up afresh, was the sigh, Hunger. It was prevalent everywhere.

grinds - रगड़ना, चक्की, रगड़ देना, पीसना

furrow - कुंड

afresh - फिर से शुरुआत

sigh - आह भरना

hunger - भूख

prevalent - प्रचलित, व्याप्त

Hunger was pushed out of the tall houses, in the wretched clothing that hung upon poles and lines; Hunger was patched into them with straw and rag and wood and paper; Hunger was repeated in every fragment of the small modicum of firewood that the man sawed off; Hunger stared down from the smokeless chimneys, and started up from the filthy street that had no offal, among its refuse, of anything to eat. Hunger was the inscription on the baker's shelves, written in every small loaf of his scanty stock of bad bread; at the sausage-shop, in every dead-dog preparation that was offered for sale. Hunger rattled its dry bones among the roasting chestnuts in the turned cylinder; Hunger was shred into atomics in every farthing porringer of husky chips of potato, fried with some reluctant drops of oil.

poles - चलाना, ठेलना, ध्रुव बिन्दु

patched - पट्टी, धब्बा, चकती, क्षेट्रअ

fragment - टुकड़े टुकड़े होना

modicum - थोढ़ी सी मात्रा, टुकड़ा

sawed off - कटा हुआ

smokeless - धूम्रमुक्त, धूमहीन

chimneys - चिमनी, चूल्हा, बर्फ़ का कटाव

filthy - अश्लील, बहुत ही, मलिन

offal - rejected parts of an animal

refuse - अस्वीकार करना

inscription - शिलालेख

Baker - नानबाई

loaf - रोटी

scanty - छोटा, अल्प, विरल, अपर्याप्त

sausage - सॉसेज

offered - देना, अर्पण करना, बलि देना

roasting - भूनने का, भूनने का, भुनना

chestnuts - शाहबलूत की लकड़ी का बना, भूरा

cylinder - सिलिंडर

shred - धज्जी

atomics - परमाणाविक, आणव

farthing - दमड़ी

porringer - पोरिंजर

husky - भर्रायी हुई आवाज

reluctant - अनिच्छुक, असम्मत

Its abiding place was in all things fitted to it. A narrow winding street, full of offence and stench, with other narrow winding streets diverging, all peopled by rags and nightcaps, and all smelling of rags and nightcaps, and all visible things with a brooding look upon them that looked ill.

abiding - स्थायी, (abide)

winding - घुमावदार, घुमाव, चक्कर

offence - अपराध, आक्रमण, दोष, अपमान

stench - दुर्गंध, दुर्गन्ध

diverging - हट जाना, भिन्न होना

rags - छेड़ छाड़ करना, घटिया समाचारपत्र

nightcaps - शयन टोपी, रात्रि पेय

visible - दृश्य, प्रत्यक्ष, उन्मेष

brooding - विचारमग्न, (brood) विचारमग्न

In the hunted air of the people there was yet some wild-beast thought of the possibility of turning at bay. Depressed and slinking though they were, eyes of fire were not wanting among them; nor compressed lips, white with what they suppressed; nor foreheads knitted into the likeness of the gallows-rope they mused about enduring, or inflicting.

beast - वहश, जानवर, हैवान, जंतु

bay - खाड़ी

depressed - कम करना, घटाना, दबाना

slinking - दबे पाँव चलना, चुपके से आना

compressed - दबाना, पट्टी, संक्षिप्त करना

foreheads - मस्तिष्क, माथा

knitted - जुड़ना, सिकोड़ना, बुनना, बुनाई

gallows - फांसी का तखता, (gallow) फांसी का तखता

enduring - सहना, सहन करना, टिके रहना

inflicting - डालना, पहुँचाना, दंड देना

The trade signs (and they were almost as many as the shops) were, all, grim illustrations of Want. The butcher and the porkman painted up, only the leanest scrags of meat; the baker, the coarsest of meagre loaves. The people rudely pictured as drinking in the wine-shops, croaked over their scanty measures of thin wine and beer, and were gloweringly confidential together.

grim - भयानक

illustrations - स्पष्टीकरण, व्यख्या, उदाहरन

butcher - कसाई, बूचड़, (butch) कसाई

leanest - टेक लग्ना, ब्ंजर, सहारे रखना

coarsest - घटिया, असभ्य, भद्दा, अश्लील

meagre - कम, दुबला

rudely - शिष्टाचारहीनतः, अशिष्टापूर्वक

croaked - फटी आवाज में बोलना, मर जाना

Nothing was represented in a flourishing condition, save tools and weapons; but, the cutler's knives and axes were sharp and bright, the smith's hammers were heavy, and the gunmaker's stock was murderous. The crippling stones of the pavement, with their many little reservoirs of mud and water, had no footways, but broke off abruptly at the doors.

cutler - One whose business is making or dealing in cutlery

axes - हटाना[कम करना], कटौती करना

hammers - घोड़ा, घन, बरखास्त करना

gunmaker - तोप निर्माता

murderous - हिंस्र

crippling - अपाहिज करना, लंगड़ा मनुष्य

pavement - पटरी, छज्जा, फर्श

reservoirs - जलाशय, खजाना

abruptly - अचानक, रूखेपन से, अचानक ही

The kennel, to make amends, ran down the middle of the street-when it ran at all: which was only after heavy rains, and then it ran, by many eccentric fits, into the houses.

kennel - कुत्ताघर

amends - सुधारना, संशोधन करना

eccentric - सनकी, विचित्र

Across the streets, at wide intervals, one clumsy lamp was slung by a rope and pulley; at night, when the lamplighter had let these down, and lighted, and hoisted them again, a feeble grove of dim wicks swung in a sickly manner overhead, as if they were at sea. Indeed they were at sea, and the ship and crew were in peril of tempest.

clumsy - bedhanga, adaksha

slung - लटकाना, लटकन, गुलेल

pulley - चरखी, घिरनी, चरखी/चर्खी

hoisted - उठाना, ऊपर उठाना, फहराना

grove - उपवन, बाग, झुरमुट, कुञ्ज

dim - धुंधला

wicks - पट्टी, बत्ती, दीये की बत्ती

swung - परिवर्तन, लटकना, बदलना, घूमना

sickly - अस्वस्थ, विवर्ण, अस्वास्थ्यकर

overhead - सिर के ऊपर से होने वाला

crew - नाविकगण

peril - खतरनाक स्थिति, संकट, खतरा

tempest - आँधी, तूफ़ान

For, the time was to come, when the gaunt scarecrows of that region should have watched the lamplighter, in their idleness and hunger, so long, as to conceive the idea of improving on his method, and hauling up men by those ropes and pulleys, to flare upon the darkness of their condition.

scarecrows - बिजूखा, काकभगौड़ा

conceive - कल्पना करना, अनुमान होना

hauling - ढोना

pulleys - चरखी, घिरनी, चरखी/चर्खी

flare - धधकना, फैल जाना, फैला हुआ होना

But, the time was not come yet; and every wind that blew over France shook the rags of the scarecrows in vain, for the birds, fine of song and feather, took no warning.

feather - पंख, पर

The wine-shop was a corner shop, better than most others in its appearance and degree, and the master of the wine-shop had stood outside it, in a yellow waistcoat and green breeches, looking on at the struggle for the lost wine. "It's not my affair," said he, with a final shrug of the shoulders. "The people from the market did it. Let them bring another."

Master - उस्ताद, शिक्षक

waistcoat - वास्कट

breeches - पेंदा, नालपृष्ठ

Struggle - संघर्ष, लड़ाई

affair - घटना, समस्या, झगड़ा, वस्तु

shrug - कंधे उचकाना, कंधे उचकाना

There, his eyes happening to catch the tall joker writing up his joke, he called to him across the way:

"Say, then, my Gaspard, what do you do there?"

The fellow pointed to his joke with immense significance, as is often the way with his tribe. It missed its mark, and completely failed, as is often the way with his tribe too.

significance - महत्व, महत्त्व, मतलब, अर्थ

tribe - जनजाति

"What now? Are you a subject for the mad hospital?" said the wine-shop keeper, crossing the road, and obliterating the jest with a handful of mud, picked up for the purpose, and smeared over it. "Why do you write in the public streets? Is there-tell me thou-is there no other place to write such words in?"

keeper - रक्षक{रखवाली करने वाला}, रक्षक

obliterating - मिटा देना, मिटाना

jest - मजाक

handful - मुट्ठी भर, मुट्ठी भर, अंजलि भर

smeared - मैला करना, दाग, गंदा करना

thou - तू

In his expostulation he dropped his cleaner hand (perhaps accidentally, perhaps not) upon the joker's heart. The joker rapped it with his own, took a nimble spring upward, and came down in a fantastic dancing attitude, with one of his stained shoes jerked off his foot into his hand, and held out.

expostulation - उलाहना

accidentally - अचानक, संयोगवश, अचानक ही

nimble - फुर्तीला, चंचल, कुशाग्रआ

upward - ऊपर का, ऊपर, महँगाई की ओर

jerked - झटकना, झटका, मूर्ख

A joker of an extremely, not to say wolfishly practical character, he looked, under those circumstances.

wolfishly - भेड़िये की तरह

"Put it on, put it on," said the other. "Call wine, wine; and finish there." With that advice, he wiped his soiled hand upon the joker's dress, such as it was-quite deliberately, as having dirtied the hand on his account; and then recrossed the road and entered the wine-shop.

wiped - गिरना, हटाना, पौंछा लगाना

deliberately - जानबूझकर, जान बूझ कर, जानबूझ कर

This wine-shop keeper was a bull-necked, martial-looking man of thirty, and he should have been of a hot temperament, for, although it was a bitter day, he wore no coat, but carried one slung over his shoulder. His shirt-sleeves were rolled up, too, and his brown arms were bare to the elbows. Neither did he wear anything more on his head than his own crisply-curling short dark hair.

Bull - सांड़

martial - सामरिक, वीर, युद्ध संबंधी

temperament - स्वभाव

Bitter - कड़ुवा

sleeves - आवरण, बाँह/आस्तीन, आवरण नली

elbows - चीर कर जाना, कोना, कोहनी

crisply - स्पष्टतापूर्वक और संक्षेप में

curling - घुंघराले, कर्लिंग

He was a dark man altogether, with good eyes and a good bold breadth between them. Good-humoured looking on the whole, but implacable-looking, too; evidently a man of a strong resolution and a set purpose; a man not desirable to be met, rushing down a narrow pass with a gulf on either side, for nothing would turn the man.

bold - दबंग

good-humoured - (good-humoured) अच्छे मस्ती के साथ

implacable - कठोर, अप्रशम्य

evidently - स्पष्ट रूप से, स्पष्ट रूप से

resolution - विश्लेषण, इरादा/संकल्प

desirable - योग्य, वांछित, वांछनीय, इष्ट

rushing - रश्सिंग, (rush) रश्सिंग

Gulf - खाड़ी, खलीज, उपसागर

Madame Defarge, his wife, sat in the shop behind the counter as he came in. Madame Defarge was a stout woman of about his own age, with a watchful eye that seldom seemed to look at anything, a large hand heavily ringed, a steady face, strong features, and great composure of manner.

counter - विरोध करना, गिनने का यंत्र

stout - हट्टा-कट्टा

seldom - कभी कभी

ringed - घिरा हुआ

composure - आत्मसंयम, धैर्य

There was a character about Madame Defarge, from which one might have predicated that she did not often make mistakes against herself in any of the reckonings over which she presided. Madame Defarge being sensitive to cold, was wrapped in fur, and had a quantity of bright shawl twined about her head, though not to the concealment of her large earrings.

predicated - निश्चयपूर्वक कहना, विधेय होना

reckonings - गणना, अनुमान, हिसाब

presided - संचालन करना, सभापति बनना

sensitive - निजी, दिल को छूने वाला, कोमल

shawl - शाल

concealment - छिपनाआ, छिपाव

earrings - झुमका, कान की बाली

Her knitting was before her, but she had laid it down to pick her teeth with a toothpick. Thus engaged, with her right elbow supported by her left hand, Madame Defarge said nothing when her lord came in, but coughed just one grain of cough.

toothpick - दन्तखुदनी, टूथपिक, दांतखोदनी

elbow - कुहनी

coughed - देना, ध्वनी निकालना, खाँसी

This, in combination with the lifting of her darkly defined eyebrows over her toothpick by the breadth of a line, suggested to her husband that he would do well to look round the shop among the customers, for any new customer who had dropped in while he stepped over the way.

look round - घुमाओ

new customer - नया ग्राहक

The wine-shop keeper accordingly rolled his eyes about, until they rested upon an elderly gentleman and a young lady, who were seated in a corner. Other company were there: two playing cards, two playing dominoes, three standing by the counter lengthening out a short supply of wine.

accordingly - फलस्वरूप, परिस्थिति के अनुसार

dominoes - game

Lengthening - लम्बा करना, लम्बा करना

As he passed behind the counter, he took notice that the elderly gentleman said in a look to the young lady, "This is our man."

"What the devil do you do in that galley there?" said Monsieur Defarge to himself; "I don't know you."

galley - जहाज का रसोईघर, पोत, रसोईघर

But, he feigned not to notice the two strangers, and fell into discourse with the triumvirate of customers who were drinking at the counter.

feigned - बहाना करना, बहाना करना

strangers - परदेशी, अपरिचित, परदेसी, अजनबी

triumvirate - तीन व्यक्तियों का राज

"How goes it, Jacques?" said one of these three to Monsieur Defarge. "Is all the spilt wine swallowed?"

spilt - छलकना, फैल जाना, गिर जाना

swallowed - निगल लेना, समाप्त करना, दबाना

"Every drop, Jacques," answered Monsieur Defarge.

When this interchange of Christian name was effected, Madame Defarge, picking her teeth with her toothpick, coughed another grain of cough, and raised her eyebrows by the breadth of another line.

interchange - बदल देना, इंटरचेंज

Christian name - नाम ईसाई

cough - खांसना

"It is not often," said the second of the three, addressing Monsieur Defarge, "that many of these miserable beasts know the taste of wine, or of anything but black bread and death. Is it not so, Jacques?"

miserable - दुःखी, उदास

beasts - जंगली, असभ्य व्यक्ति, जानवर

"It is so, Jacques," Monsieur Defarge returned.

At this second interchange of the Christian name, Madame Defarge, still using her toothpick with profound composure, coughed another grain of cough, and raised her eyebrows by the breadth of another line.

The last of the three now said his say, as he put down his empty drinking vessel and smacked his lips.

vessel - जहाज़

smacked - सीधे, स्वाद, ठीक, धमाका

"Ah! So much the worse! A bitter taste it is that such poor cattle always have in their mouths, and hard lives they live, Jacques. Am I right, Jacques?"

"You are right, Jacques," was the response of Monsieur Defarge.

This third interchange of the Christian name was completed at the moment when Madame Defarge put her toothpick by, kept her eyebrows up, and slightly rustled in her seat.

rustled - चुराना, सरसराहट, झड़झड़ाहट

"Hold then! True!" muttered her husband. "Gentlemen-my wife!"

muttered - शिकायत, फुसफुसाहट, बड़बड़ाना

The three customers pulled off their hats to Madame Defarge, with three flourishes. She acknowledged their homage by bending her head, and giving them a quick look. Then she glanced in a casual manner round the wine-shop, took up her knitting with great apparent calmness and repose of spirit, and became absorbed in it.

flourishes - अलंकरण, हाव भाव से

acknowledged - स्वीकार करना, माना जा जाना

homage - श्रद्धांजलि, श्रद्दांजलि

casual - आकस्मिक, लापरवाह, बेढंगा

apparent - प्रकट, स्पष्ट, साफ

calmness - the state of being calm, tranquillity, silence

repose - आराम

absorbed - कम करना, अवशोषण करना

"Gentlemen," said her husband, who had kept his bright eye observantly upon her, "good day. The chamber, furnished bachelor-fashion, that you wished to see, and were inquiring for when I stepped out, is on the fifth floor. The doorway of the staircase gives on the little courtyard close to the left here," pointing with his hand, "near to the window of my establishment.

staircase - सीढ़ी, सोपान

courtyard - आंगन

But, now that I remember, one of you has already been there, and can show the way. Gentlemen, adieu!"

adieu - अल्विदा, नमस्कार{जाते समय}

They paid for their wine, and left the place. The eyes of Monsieur Defarge were studying his wife at her knitting when the elderly gentleman advanced from his corner, and begged the favour of a word.

begged - विनती करना, प्रार्थना करना

"Willingly, sir," said Monsieur Defarge, and quietly stepped with him to the door.

willingly - स्वेच्छया, स्वेछा से

Their conference was very short, but very decided. Almost at the first word, Monsieur Defarge started and became deeply attentive. It had not lasted a minute, when he nodded and went out. The gentleman then beckoned to the young lady, and they, too, went out. Madame Defarge knitted with nimble fingers and steady eyebrows, and saw nothing.

deeply - बहुत अधिक, बहुत अधिक, बहुत ही

attentive - सतर्क, अवधानी

beckoned - संकेत करना, इशाराअना

Mr. Jarvis Lorry and Miss Manette, emerging from the wine-shop thus, joined Monsieur Defarge in the doorway to which he had directed his own company just before. It opened from a stinking little black courtyard, and was the general public entrance to a great pile of houses, inhabited by a great number of people.

emerging - प्रकट होना, निकलना

stinking - गुस्से से भरा, बुरा

pile - ढेर

inhabited - निवास करना, बसना, में निवास करना

In the gloomy tile-paved entry to the gloomy tile-paved staircase, Monsieur Defarge bent down on one knee to the child of his old master, and put her hand to his lips. It was a gentle action, but not at all gently done; a very remarkable transformation had come over him in a few seconds.

gloomy - उदास, अंधकारमय, निराशजनक, दुखी

paved - पटरी बिछाना, पटरी बिछाना

tile - खपरैल

transformation - परिवर्तन, सुधार, रूपांतरण

He had no good-humour in his face, nor any openness of aspect left, but had become a secret, angry, dangerous man.

humour - हास्य, शक्तिअ, हास्यकला

openness - ईमानदारी

aspect - दृष्टिकोण, गुण, रूप, पहलू, रूख

"It is very high; it is a little difficult. Better to begin slowly." Thus, Monsieur Defarge, in a stern voice, to Mr. Lorry, as they began ascending the stairs.

stern - कड़ा, कठोर, सख्त

ascending - चढना, बढना/चढ़ना, उपर उठना

"Is he alone?" the latter whispered.

whispered - काना फूसी, कानाफूसी, सरसराहट

"Alone! God help him, who should be with him!" said the other, in the same low voice.

"Is he always alone, then?"


"Of his own desire?"

"Of his own necessity. As he was, when I first saw him after they found me and demanded to know if I would take him, and, at my peril be discreet-as he was then, so he is now."

necessity - ज़रूरत, आवश्यकता

demanded - दावा करना, मांग, चाह

discreet - सावधान, पृथक, न्याययसंगत

"He is greatly changed?"


The keeper of the wine-shop stopped to strike the wall with his hand, and mutter a tremendous curse. No direct answer could have been half so forcible. Mr. Lorry's spirits grew heavier and heavier, as he and his two companions ascended higher and higher.

strike - हड़ताल

mutter - बड़बड़ाना, (mut) बड़बड़ाना

tremendous - बहुत अच्छा, ज़बर्दस्त, असीम

curse - शाप देना

forcible - ज़ोर ज़बर्दस्ती का, बलसम्पादित

ascended - चढना, बढना/चढ़ना, उपर उठना

Such a staircase, with its accessories, in the older and more crowded parts of Paris, would be bad enough now; but, at that time, it was vile indeed to unaccustomed and unhardened senses.

accessories - सहायक, पूरक, सहयोगी

vile - अधम, घृणित, घिनौना, अवकृष्ट

unaccustomed - अप्रचलित, अनभ्यस्त, असामान्य

unhardened - कड़ा न हुआ, अकठोरीकृत

Every little habitation within the great foul nest of one high building-that is to say, the room or rooms within every door that opened on the general staircase-left its own heap of refuse on its own landing, besides flinging other refuse from its own windows.

habitation - वास, निवास स्थान

foul - बदबूदार

nest - घोंसला

heap - ढेर

flinging - डालना, धक्का देना

The uncontrollable and hopeless mass of decomposition so engendered, would have polluted the air, even if poverty and deprivation had not loaded it with their intangible impurities; the two bad sources combined made it almost insupportable. Through such an atmosphere, by a steep dark shaft of dirt and poison, the way lay.

uncontrollable - अदम्य, असहनीय, अनियंत्रणीय

hopeless - निराशाजनक, निराश, हताश, निकम्मा

mass - परिमाण

decomposition - सड़ाव, अपघटन

engendered - जन्म देना, उत्पन्न करना

Polluted - दूषित करना, अपवित्र करना

deprivation - अभाव्, अभाव का कष्ट

intangible - अस्पष्ट, अमूर्त

impurities - गंदगी, अशुद्धता, अशौच

insupportable - सितारा मछली, असंगत, असह्य

steep - दुरारोह, अतिप्रवण, खड़ा

shaft - अन्यायपूर्ण व्यवहार करना, बरछा

Yielding to his own disturbance of mind, and to his young companion's agitation, which became greater every instant, Mr. Jarvis Lorry twice stopped to rest. Each of these stoppages was made at a doleful grating, by which any languishing good airs that were left uncorrupted, seemed to escape, and all spoilt and sickly vapours seemed to crawl in.

yielding - स्वीकृति, लचीला, समर्पण, सुनम्य

disturbance - उत्तेजना, घबराहट, उपद्रव

companion - साथी

instant - तुरन्त

stoppages - विराम, अवरोध, रुकावट, स्टपेज

doleful - खिन्न

grating - जाली, सख्त, झंझरी

languishing - अस्थिर, (languish) अस्थिर

uncorrupted - ईमानदार, अविकृत, शुद्ध

spoilt - having lost its original value

vapours - विषाद

crawl - रेंगना, धीरे धीरे चलना

Through the rusted bars, tastes, rather than glimpses, were caught of the jumbled neighbourhood; and nothing within range, nearer or lower than the summits of the two great towers of Notre-Dame, had any promise on it of healthy life or wholesome aspirations.

rusted - मोरचे का रंग, ज़ंग लग

jumbled - मिलाना, गड्ड मड्ड होना

summits - शीर्ष सम्मेलन, शिखर

Dame - स्त्री, छोकरी

aspirations - अभिलाषा/चाह, महत्वाकांक्षा

At last, the top of the staircase was gained, and they stopped for the third time. There was yet an upper staircase, of a steeper inclination and of contracted dimensions, to be ascended, before the garret story was reached. The keeper of the wine-shop, always going a little in advance, and always going on the side which Mr.

Gained - पाना, प्राप्त करना, मिलना

steeper - धरहरा, (steep)

contracted - करना, होना, प्राप्त करना

dimensions - परिमाण, पहलू, आयाम, घात, परिमाप

garret - अटारी, दुछत्ती

Lorry took, as though he dreaded to be asked any question by the young lady, turned himself about here, and, carefully feeling in the pockets of the coat he carried over his shoulder, took out a key.

dreaded - डर, डरना, से डरना, भय/डर

"The door is locked then, my friend?" said Mr. Lorry, surprised.

"Ay. Yes," was the grim reply of Monsieur Defarge.

Ay - Aapkaa swagat haiआपका स्वागत है।

"You think it necessary to keep the unfortunate gentleman so retired?"

"I think it necessary to turn the key." Monsieur Defarge whispered it closer in his ear, and frowned heavily.

frowned - त्योरी, तेवर, त्यौरी


"Why! Because he has lived so long, locked up, that he would be frightened-rave-tear himself to pieces-die-come to I know not what harm-if his door was left open."

rave - अरबर बकना

left open - खुला छोड़ा

"Is it possible!" exclaimed Mr. Lorry.

exclaimed - चिल्लाना, चिल्लाकर कहना

"Is it possible!" repeated Defarge, bitterly. "Yes. And a beautiful world we live in, when it is possible, and when many other such things are possible, and not only possible, but done-done, see you!-under that sky there, every day. Long live the Devil. Let us go on."

bitterly - अधिक, बहुत ज़्यादा, कस के

This dialogue had been held in so very low a whisper, that not a word of it had reached the young lady's ears. But, by this time she trembled under such strong emotion, and her face expressed such deep anxiety, and, above all, such dread and terror, that Mr. Lorry felt it incumbent on him to speak a word or two of reassurance.

trembled - परेशान करना, हिलना, कम्पन

deep anxiety - गहरी चिंता

dread - वहशत, सहम

terror - दहशत, वहशत, सहम

incumbent - पदस्थ

"Courage, dear miss! Courage! Business! The worst will be over in a moment; it is but passing the room-door, and the worst is over. Then, all the good you bring to him, all the relief, all the happiness you bring to him, begin. Let our good friend here, assist you on that side. That's well, friend Defarge. Come, now. Business, business!"

relief - राहत

They went up slowly and softly. The staircase was short, and they were soon at the top. There, as it had an abrupt turn in it, they came all at once in sight of three men, whose heads were bent down close together at the side of a door, and who were intently looking into the room to which the door belonged, through some chinks or holes in the wall.

abrupt - उखड़ा उखड़ा, आकस्मिक, असंगत

intently - उत्सुकतापूर्वक

chinks - दरार, खनकाना, खनक, खनकना

On hearing footsteps close at hand, these three turned, and rose, and showed themselves to be the three of one name who had been drinking in the wine-shop.

Footsteps - चरणचिन्ह, पैरों की आहट

"I forgot them in the surprise of your visit," explained Monsieur Defarge. "Leave us, good boys; we have business here."

The three glided by, and went silently down.

glided - उतरना, निकल जाना

There appearing to be no other door on that floor, and the keeper of the wine-shop going straight to this one when they were left alone, Mr. Lorry asked him in a whisper, with a little anger:

anger - क्रोध, ग़ुस्सा

"Do you make a show of Monsieur Manette?"

"I show him, in the way you have seen, to a chosen few."

"Is that well?"

"I think it is well."

"Who are the few? How do you choose them?"

"I choose them as real men, of my name-Jacques is my name-to whom the sight is likely to do good. Enough; you are English; that is another thing. Stay there, if you please, a little moment."

With an admonitory gesture to keep them back, he stooped, and looked in through the crevice in the wall. Soon raising his head again, he struck twice or thrice upon the door-evidently with no other object than to make a noise there. With the same intention, he drew the key across it, three or four times, before he put it clumsily into the lock, and turned it as heavily as he could.

admonitory - चेतावनीपूर्ण, आलोचनात्मक

gesture - इशारा, संकेत

crevice - दरार

struck - बजना, आक्रमण, निकालना

clumsily - फूहड़ ढंग से

The door slowly opened inward under his hand, and he looked into the room and said something. A faint voice answered something. Little more than a single syllable could have been spoken on either side.

inward - भीतरी, अन्दरूनी, भीतर की ओर

faint - अस्पष्ट

syllable - शब्दांश, अक्षर

He looked back over his shoulder, and beckoned them to enter. Mr. Lorry got his arm securely round the daughter's waist, and held her; for he felt that she was sinking.

"A-a-a-business, business!" he urged, with a moisture that was not of business shining on his cheek. "Come in, come in!"

urged - उत्तेजित करना, उकसाना

moisture - नमी

"I am afraid of it," she answered, shuddering.

shuddering - हिलना, (shudder) हिलना

"Of it? What?"

"I mean of him. Of my father."

Rendered in a manner desperate, by her state and by the beckoning of their conductor, he drew over his neck the arm that shook upon his shoulder, lifted her a little, and hurried her into the room. He sat her down just within the door, and held her, clinging to him.

desperate - निराशाजनक, निराश, खतरनाक

beckoning - संकेत करना, इशाराअना

conductor - चालक

clinging - चिपक जाना, टिके रहना

Defarge drew out the key, closed the door, locked it on the inside, took out the key again, and held it in his hand. All this he did, methodically, and with as loud and harsh an accompaniment of noise as he could make. Finally, he walked across the room with a measured tread to where the window was. He stopped there, and faced round.

methodically - क्रमबद्ध ढंग से

harsh - कटु, कर्कश, निर्दयी

accompaniment - साथ, संगत, {संगीत संबंधी)संगत

The garret, built to be a depository for firewood and the like, was dim and dark: for, the window of dormer shape, was in truth a door in the roof, with a little crane over it for the hoisting up of stores from the street: unglazed, and closing up the middle in two pieces, like any other door of French construction.

depository - कोठी, धरोहर का स्थान

dormer - डॉर्मर

Crane - क्रेन

hoisting - उठाना, ऊपर उठाना, फहराना

construction - निर्माण

To exclude the cold, one half of this door was fast closed, and the other was opened but a very little way. Such a scanty portion of light was admitted through these means, that it was difficult, on first coming in, to see anything; and long habit alone could have slowly formed in any one, the ability to do any work requiring nicety in such obscurity.

exclude - निकालना, छोड़ना, छोड़ देना

portion - हिस्सा, भाग, खुराक, बाँट देना

nicety - औचित्य, व्योरा, बारिकी

Yet, work of that kind was being done in the garret; for, with his back towards the door, and his face towards the window where the keeper of the wine-shop stood looking at him, a white-haired man sat on a low bench, stooping forward and very busy, making shoes.

haired - एक विशेष प्रकार के बाल

Bench - बैंच

stooping - झुक कर खड़ा होना, झुकना

Chapter VI. The Shoemaker

Shoemaker - मोची

Good day!" said Monsieur Defarge, looking down at the white head that bent low over the shoemaking.

shoemaking - जूते बनाना, मोची का काम

It was raised for a moment, and a very faint voice responded to the salutation, as if it were at a distance:

salutation - अभिवादन, नमस्कार

"Good day!"

"You are still hard at work, I see?"

After a long silence, the head was lifted for another moment, and the voice replied, "Yes-I am working." This time, a pair of haggard eyes had looked at the questioner, before the face had dropped again.

silence - ख़ामोशी, चुप्पी, मौनता

haggard - थका-हारा

questioner - प्रश्नकर्ता

The faintness of the voice was pitiable and dreadful. It was not the faintness of physical weakness, though confinement and hard fare no doubt had their part in it. Its deplorable peculiarity was, that it was the faintness of solitude and disuse. It was like the last feeble echo of a sound made long and long ago.

faintness - property of being faint

pitiable - दयनीय, दीन

weakness - दोष, शौक, असामर्थ्य, निर्बलता

confinement - सीमाबद्ध, प्रसव का समय, प्रसूति

fare - किराया

deplorable - दयनीय, शोचनीय, निन्दनीय, खेदजनक

peculiarity - विशिष्टता, खासियत, अनूठापन

solitude - एकांत, विरानी, अकेलापन, खिलवत

disuse - अनुपयोग

Echo - गूँज, गूंज, प्रतिध्वनि

So entirely had it lost the life and resonance of the human voice, that it affected the senses like a once beautiful colour faded away into a poor weak stain. So sunken and suppressed it was, that it was like a voice underground.

resonance - गूँज, प्रतिध्वनि, जीवंतता

faded away - नष्ट हो गया

So expressive it was, of a hopeless and lost creature, that a famished traveller, wearied out by lonely wandering in a wilderness, would have remembered home and friends in such a tone before lying down to die.

famished - भूखा

wearied - थकाना, उकता देना, उबाऊ

wilderness - निर्जन वनप्रांतर, निर्जन प्रदेश

Some minutes of silent work had passed: and the haggard eyes had looked up again: not with any interest or curiosity, but with a dull mechanical perception, beforehand, that the spot where the only visitor they were aware of had stood, was not yet empty.

curiosity - जिज्ञासा

dull - सुस्त

mechanical - यंत्रवत्, यांत्रिक

perception - अवबोधन, अभिज्ञता, अनुभूति

beforehand - पहले से, पहले ही, पहले से ही

"I want," said Defarge, who had not removed his gaze from the shoemaker, "to let in a little more light here. You can bear a little more?"

gaze - एक्टक देखने ताला, टकटकी

The shoemaker stopped his work; looked with a vacant air of listening, at the floor on one side of him; then similarly, at the floor on the other side of him; then, upward at the speaker.

vacant - खाली, विचार शून्य, रिक्त

"What did you say?"

"You can bear a little more light?"

"I must bear it, if you let it in." (Laying the palest shadow of a stress upon the second word.)

The opened half-door was opened a little further, and secured at that angle for the time. A broad ray of light fell into the garret, and showed the workman with an unfinished shoe upon his lap, pausing in his labour. His few common tools and various scraps of leather were at his feet and on his bench.

angle - कोण

ray - किरण

workman - मजदूर

unfinished - अधूरा, असमाप्त, असमाप्तआ

lap - चपड़-पचड़ पीना, गटागट पी जाना

pausing - रूका हुआ, (pause), रुकना, ठहरना

labour - श्रम, काम

scraps - झगड़ा, निकाल देना, रद्दी

He had a white beard, raggedly cut, but not very long, a hollow face, and exceedingly bright eyes. The hollowness and thinness of his face would have caused them to look large, under his yet dark eyebrows and his confused white hair, though they had been really otherwise; but, they were naturally large, and looked unnaturally so.

beard - tदाढी, दाढ़ी

hollowness - ढोंग

thinness - महीनता, विरलता, दुबलापन, पतलापन

unnaturally - कृत्रिम रूप से

His yellow rags of shirt lay open at the throat, and showed his body to be withered and worn. He, and his old canvas frock, and his loose stockings, and all his poor tatters of clothes, had, in a long seclusion from direct light and air, faded down to such a dull uniformity of parchment-yellow, that it would have been hard to say which was which.

lay open - खुला करें

withered - कुम्हलाना, क्षीण होना

canvas - कैनवास

frock - फ्रॉक

loose - ढीला

tatters - चीथड़ा, चिथड़ा, लत्ता

seclusion - एकांत, एकांतता

faded - सनक

uniformity - एकरूपता, एकसमानता

parchment - चर्मपत्र पर लिखित दस्तावेज़

He had put up a hand between his eyes and the light, and the very bones of it seemed transparent. So he sat, with a steadfastly vacant gaze, pausing in his work.

transparent - सुस्पष्ट, सच्चा, स्पष्ट

steadfastly - दृढ़तापूर्वक

He never looked at the figure before him, without first looking down on this side of himself, then on that, as if he had lost the habit of associating place with sound; he never spoke, without first wandering in this manner, and forgetting to speak.

associating - मिलना, मिलाना, सहयोगी

"Are you going to finish that pair of shoes to-day?" asked Defarge, motioning to Mr. Lorry to come forward.

motioning - गति, प्रस्ताव, इशारा, प्रावेदन

"What did you say?"

"Do you mean to finish that pair of shoes to-day?"

"I can't say that I mean to. I suppose so. I don't know."

But, the question reminded him of his work, and he bent over it again.

Mr. Lorry came silently forward, leaving the daughter by the door. When he had stood, for a minute or two, by the side of Defarge, the shoemaker looked up.

He showed no surprise at seeing another figure, but the unsteady fingers of one of his hands strayed to his lips as he looked at it (his lips and his nails were of the same pale lead-colour), and then the hand dropped to his work, and he once more bent over the shoe. The look and the action had occupied but an instant.

unsteady - अनियमित, अस्थिर, चंचल, असंतुलित

strayed to - भ्रमित हो गया

occupied - रहना, ग्रहण करना, कब्जा करना

"You have a visitor, you see," said Monsieur Defarge.

"What did you say?"

"Here is a visitor."

The shoemaker looked up as before, but without removing a hand from his work.

"Come!" said Defarge. "Here is monsieur, who knows a well-made shoe when he sees one. Show him that shoe you are working at. Take it, monsieur."

Mr. Lorry took it in his hand.

"Tell monsieur what kind of shoe it is, and the maker's name."

Maker - बनाने वाला, ईश्वर, रचनाकार

There was a longer pause than usual, before the shoemaker replied:

"I forget what it was you asked me. What did you say?"

"I said, couldn't you describe the kind of shoe, for monsieur's information?"

"It is a lady's shoe. It is a young lady's walking-shoe. It is in the present mode. I never saw the mode. I have had a pattern in my hand." He glanced at the shoe with some little passing touch of pride.

mode - तरीका

"And the maker's name?" said Defarge.

Now that he had no work to hold, he laid the knuckles of the right hand in the hollow of the left, and then the knuckles of the left hand in the hollow of the right, and then passed a hand across his bearded chin, and so on in regular changes, without a moment's intermission.

knuckles - उँगली की गाँठ, टखने का गोश्त

hollow - खोखला

bearded - खुलेआम विरोध करना, दाढी नोचना

intermission - मध्यान्तर

The task of recalling him from the vagrancy into which he always sank when he had spoken, was like recalling some very weak person from a swoon, or endeavouring, in the hope of some disclosure, to stay the spirit of a fast-dying man.

vagrancy - भीख माँगना, खानाबदोशी

swoon - बेहोश हो जाना

endeavouring - प्रयत्न, प्रयत्न करना

disclosure - प्रकटीकरण

dying - मरणकालीन, (dye)

"Did you ask me for my name?"

"Assuredly I did."

assuredly - निश्चित रूप से

"One Hundred and Five, North Tower."

"Is that all?"

"One Hundred and Five, North Tower."

With a weary sound that was not a sigh, nor a groan, he bent to work again, until the silence was again broken.

groan - कराहना, आह

"You are not a shoemaker by trade?" said Mr. Lorry, looking steadfastly at him.

by trade - व्यापार से

His haggard eyes turned to Defarge as if he would have transferred the question to him: but as no help came from that quarter, they turned back on the questioner when they had sought the ground.

transferred - सौंपना, स्थानान्तरित करना

sought - कोशिश करना, की कोशिश करना

"I am not a shoemaker by trade? No, I was not a shoemaker by trade. I-I learnt it here. I taught myself. I asked leave to-"

He lapsed away, even for minutes, ringing those measured changes on his hands the whole time. His eyes came slowly back, at last, to the face from which they had wandered; when they rested on it, he started, and resumed, in the manner of a sleeper that moment awake, reverting to a subject of last night.

lapsed - समाप्ति, खत्म हो जाना, चूक

ringing - गुंजायमान

reverting - वापस आना, फिर लौट आना

"I asked leave to teach myself, and I got it with much difficulty after a long while, and I have made shoes ever since."

As he held out his hand for the shoe that had been taken from him, Mr. Lorry said, still looking steadfastly in his face:

"Monsieur Manette, do you remember nothing of me?"

The shoe dropped to the ground, and he sat looking fixedly at the questioner.

fixedly - दृढतापूर्वक

"Monsieur Manette"; Mr. Lorry laid his hand upon Defarge's arm; "do you remember nothing of this man? Look at him. Look at me. Is there no old banker, no old business, no old servant, no old time, rising in your mind, Monsieur Manette?"

As the captive of many years sat looking fixedly, by turns, at Mr. Lorry and at Defarge, some long obliterated marks of an actively intent intelligence in the middle of the forehead, gradually forced themselves through the black mist that had fallen on him. They were overclouded again, they were fainter, they were gone; but they had been there.

captive - बंदी, असीर

obliterated - मिटा देना, मिटाना

actively - सक्रिय रुप से, सक्रियता से

gradually - धीरे धीरे, अल्पाशः

fainter - हिम्मती, (faint) हिम्मती

And so exactly was the expression repeated on the fair young face of her who had crept along the wall to a point where she could see him, and where she now stood looking at him, with hands which at first had been only raised in frightened compassion, if not even to keep him off and shut out the sight of him, but which were now extending towards him, trembling with eagerness to lay the spectral face upon her warm young breast, and love it back to life and hope-so exactly was the expression repeated (though in stronger characters) on her fair young face, that it looked as though it had passed like a moving light, from him to her.

crept - जाना, डर, छिपकर घुसना, घुसना

compassion - दया, करुणा

extending - फैलना, फैलाना, देना, बढ़ाना

trembling - कंपन

eagerness - उत्सुकता, औत्सुक्य, तत्परता

spectral - भुतहा, प्रेतवत्

breast - स्तन

Darkness had fallen on him in its place. He looked at the two, less and less attentively, and his eyes in gloomy abstraction sought the ground and looked about him in the old way. Finally, with a deep long sigh, he took the shoe up, and resumed his work.

attentively - ध्यानपूर्वक

abstraction - निकालना, पृथक्करण, कल्पना

"Have you recognised him, monsieur?" asked Defarge in a whisper.

"Yes; for a moment. At first I thought it quite hopeless, but I have unquestionably seen, for a single moment, the face that I once knew so well. Hush! Let us draw further back. Hush!"

unquestionably - निश्चित रूप से

Hush - शान्ति, चुप करना, चुप करना

She had moved from the wall of the garret, very near to the bench on which he sat. There was something awful in his unconsciousness of the figure that could have put out its hand and touched him as he stooped over his labour.

unconsciousness - बेखबरी, बेहोशी, मूर्च्छा

Not a word was spoken, not a sound was made. She stood, like a spirit, beside him, and he bent over his work.

beside - बग़ल, की बग़ल में

It happened, at length, that he had occasion to change the instrument in his hand, for his shoemaker's knife. It lay on that side of him which was not the side on which she stood. He had taken it up, and was stooping to work again, when his eyes caught the skirt of her dress. He raised them, and saw her face. The two spectators started forward, but she stayed them with a motion of her hand.

stooping - अवनयन

spectators - प्रेक्षक, दर्शक, स्पेक्टेटर

She had no fear of his striking at her with the knife, though they had.

striking - असाधारण, आश्चर्यजनक

He stared at her with a fearful look, and after a while his lips began to form some words, though no sound proceeded from them. by degrees, in the pauses of his quick and laboured breathing, he was heard to say:

fearful - भयावह, बुरा, डरपोक, डरा हुआ

proceeded - आगे आना, आगे बढना, चलना

by degrees - क्रमशः

pauses - विराम, रूकना, ठहराव, रोक, रुकना

laboured - जी तोड़ कोशिश करना, मजदूर वर्ग

"What is this?"

With the tears streaming down her face, she put her two hands to her lips, and kissed them to him; then clasped them on her breast, as if she laid his ruined head there.

streaming - निरंतर आता हुआ

ruined - नष्ट करना, नष्ट कर, बिगाड़ना

"You are not the gaoler's daughter?"

gaoler - जेलर

She sighed "No."

sighed - साँस लेना, तरसना, आह भरना

"Who are you?"

Not yet trusting the tones of her voice, she sat down on the bench beside him. He recoiled, but she laid her hand upon his arm. A strange thrill struck him when she did so, and visibly passed over his frame; he laid the knife down softly, as he sat staring at her.

trusting - आशा करना, सहारा, ईमानदारी से

tones - स्वराघात, ध्वनि

recoiled - पीछे हटना, ठिठकना, घबरा जाना

thrill - रोमांचित करना

Her golden hair, which she wore in long curls, had been hurriedly pushed aside, and fell down over her neck. Advancing his hand by little and little, he took it up and looked at it. In the midst of the action he went astray, and, with another deep sigh, fell to work at his shoemaking.

curls - मोड़ना, जाना, लपेटना, सिकोड़ना

hurriedly - in a hurried manner

advancing - अग्रसर होना, आगे बढना, प्रयास

astray - गुमराह

But not for long. Releasing his arm, she laid her hand upon his shoulder. After looking doubtfully at it, two or three times, as if to be sure that it was really there, he laid down his work, put his hand to his neck, and took off a blackened string with a scrap of folded rag attached to it.

doubtfully - संदेहपूर्ण ढंग से

blackened - ख़राब करना, काला करना

He opened this, carefully, on his knee, and it contained a very little quantity of hair: not more than one or two long golden hairs, which he had, in some old day, wound off upon his finger.

He took her hair into his hand again, and looked closely at it. "It is the same. How can it be! When was it! How was it!"

closely - ध्यानपूर्वक, घनिष्ठ रूप से

As the concentrated expression returned to his forehead, he seemed to become conscious that it was in hers too. He turned her full to the light, and looked at her.

conscious - सतर्क, जागरूक, साभिप्राय, चेतन

"She had laid her head upon my shoulder, that night when I was summoned out-she had a fear of my going, though I had none-and when I was brought to the North Tower they found these upon my sleeve. 'You will leave me them? They can never help me to escape in the body, though they may in the spirit.'Those were the words I said. I remember them very well."

summoned - बुलाना, इकट्ठा करना, तैयार रखना

sleeve - आस्तीन, बाँह

He formed this speech with his lips many times before he could utter it. But when he did find spoken words for it, they came to him coherently, though slowly.

utter - पूर्ण

coherently - संसक्तता से

"How was this?-Was it you?"

Once more, the two spectators started, as he turned upon her with a frightful suddenness. But she sat perfectly still in his grasp, and only said, in a low voice, "I entreat you, good gentlemen, do not come near us, do not speak, do not move!"

frightful - बहुत खराब, भयानक, बहुत खराब

suddenness - हड़बड़ी, शीघ्रता, उतावलापन

grasp - समझना, पाने का प्रयत्न करना

come near - निकट आएं

"Hark!" he exclaimed. "Whose voice was that?"

Hark - सुनना, ध्यान से सुनो

His hands released her as he uttered this cry, and went up to his white hair, which they tore in a frenzy. It died out, as everything but his shoemaking did die out of him, and he refolded his little packet and tried to secure it in his breast; but he still looked at her, and gloomily shook his head.

uttered - चलाना, निकालना, नितान्त, कहना

tore - दुकान

frenzy - पागलपन, उन्माद

died out - नष्ट हो गया

die out - मर जाना

secure - प्राप्त करना, निश्चित, सुरक्षित

"No, no, no; you are too young, too blooming. It can't be. See what the prisoner is. These are not the hands she knew, this is not the face she knew, this is not a voice she ever heard. No, no. She was-and He was-before the slow years of the North Tower-ages ago. What is your name, my gentle angel?"

angel - देवदूत

Hailing his softened tone and manner, his daughter fell upon her knees before him, with her appealing hands upon his breast.

hailing - ओलावृष्टि, बुलाना

softened - कम करना, हल्का करना, कोमल बनाना

appealing - आग्रह करना

"O, sir, at another time you shall know my name, and who my mother was, and who my father, and how I never knew their hard, hard history. But I cannot tell you at this time, and I cannot tell you here. All that I may tell you, here and now, is, that I pray to you to touch me and to bless me. Kiss me, kiss me! O my dear, my dear!"

bless - आशीर्वाद देना

His cold white head mingled with her radiant hair, which warmed and lighted it as though it were the light of Freedom shining on him.

mingled - घुलना मिलना, घुल मिल जाना

radiant - तेजस्वी, प्रफुल्ल, प्रसन्नचित

freedom - स्वतंत्रता, आज़ादी, स्वाधीनता

"If you hear in my voice-I don't know that it is so, but I hope it is-if you hear in my voice any resemblance to a voice that once was sweet music in your ears, weep for it, weep for it! If you touch, in touching my hair, anything that recalls a beloved head that lay on your breast when you were young and free, weep for it, weep for it!

weep - आंसू बहाना

recalls - स्मरण, वापस लेना, वापस बुलाना

beloved - प्रेमिका, सनम, प्यारा, प्रियतम

If, when I hint to you of a Home that is before us, where I will be true to you with all my duty and with all my faithful service, I bring back the remembrance of a Home long desolate, while your poor heart pined away, weep for it, weep for it!"

hint - झलक, संकेत, सुझाव, इशारा

faithful - निष्ठावान, वफ़ादार

remembrance - स्मरण, निशानी

desolate - सुनसान, निर्जन, वीरान

She held him closer round the neck, and rocked him on her breast like a child.

"If, when I tell you, dearest dear, that your agony is over, and that I have come here to take you from it, and that we go to England to be at peace and at rest, I cause you to think of your useful life laid waste, and of our native France so wicked to you, weep for it, weep for it!

wicked - दुष्ट, (wick) दुष्ट

And if, when I shall tell you of my name, and of my father who is living, and of my mother who is dead, you learn that I have to kneel to my honoured father, and implore his pardon for having never for his sake striven all day and lain awake and wept all night, because the love of my poor mother hid his torture from me, weep for it, weep for it! Weep for her, then, and for me!

implore - प्रार्थना करना

sake - के लिये

striven - कठोर परिश्रम करना, प्रयास करना

wept - बहना, रोना, विलाप करना, रोदन

torture - यंत्रणा

Good gentlemen, thank God! I feel his sacred tears upon my face, and his sobs strike against my heart. O, see! Thank God for us, thank God!"

sobs - कमीना, सिसकते हुए कहना

He had sunk in her arms, and his face dropped on her breast: a sight so touching, yet so terrible in the tremendous wrong and suffering which had gone before it, that the two beholders covered their faces.

When the quiet of the garret had been long undisturbed, and his heaving breast and shaken form had long yielded to the calm that must follow all storms-emblem to humanity, of the rest and silence into which the storm called Life must hush at last-they came forward to raise the father and daughter from the ground. He had gradually dropped to the floor, and lay there in a lethargy, worn out.

undisturbed - अक्षुब्ध, अबाधित, उथल पुथल रहित

heaving - हेविंग, (heave) हेविंग

yielded - बताना, स्वीकार करना, देना

emblem - प्रतीक, चिह्न, चिन्ह

humanity - मानवता, मानव जाति, इंसानियत

lethargy - सुस्ती, अकर्मण्यता, अलसता

She had nestled down with him, that his head might lie upon her arm; and her hair drooping over him curtained him from the light.

nestled - बसा होना, लिपटा लेना

"If, without disturbing him," she said, raising her hand to Mr. Lorry as he stooped over them, after repeated blowings of his nose, "all could be arranged for our leaving Paris at once, so that, from the very door, he could be taken away-"

disturbing - परेशान करना, बाधा डालना

"But, consider. Is he fit for the journey?" asked Mr. Lorry.

"More fit for that, I think, than to remain in this city, so dreadful to him."

"It is true," said Defarge, who was kneeling to look on and hear. "More than that; Monsieur Manette is, for all reasons, best out of France. Say, shall I hire a carriage and post-horses?"

kneeling - कुंठना, (kneel) कुंठना

carriage - गाड़ी

"That's business," said Mr. Lorry, resuming on the shortest notice his methodical manners; "and if business is to be done, I had better do it."

resuming - फिर आरम्भ करना, सार

"Then be so kind," urged Miss Manette, "as to leave us here. You see how composed he has become, and you cannot be afraid to leave him with me now. Why should you be? If you will lock the door to secure us from interruption, I do not doubt that you will find him, when you come back, as quiet as you leave him.

composed - लिखना, बनाना, शान्त करना, रचना

interruption - बाधा, अवरोध, , रुकावट, व्यवधान

In any case, I will take care of him until you return, and then we will remove him straight."

Both Mr. Lorry and Defarge were rather disinclined to this course, and in favour of one of them remaining. But, as there were not only carriage and horses to be seen to, but travelling papers; and as time pressed, for the day was drawing to an end, it came at last to their hastily dividing the business that was necessary to be done, and hurrying away to do it.

disinclined - अनिच्छुक

hastily - जल्दी से, जल्दी से

Then, as the darkness closed in, the daughter laid her head down on the hard ground close at the father's side, and watched him. The darkness deepened and deepened, and they both lay quiet, until a light gleamed through the chinks in the wall.

gleamed - झलक, चमचमाना, चमकना, किरण

Mr. Lorry and Monsieur Defarge had made all ready for the journey, and had brought with them, besides travelling cloaks and wrappers, bread and meat, wine, and hot coffee. Monsieur Defarge put this provender, and the lamp he carried, on the shoemaker's bench (there was nothing else in the garret but a pallet bed), and he and Mr. Lorry roused the captive, and assisted him to his feet.

cloaks - आड़, ढ़का हुआ होना, ढक देना

provender - चारा

pallet - प्रिय रंग, खुला बक्सा

No human intelligence could have read the mysteries of his mind, in the scared blank wonder of his face. Whether he knew what had happened, whether he recollected what they had said to him, whether he knew that he was free, were questions which no sagacity could have solved.

recollected - याद करना, स्मरण करना

sagacity - विचक्षणता, बुध्दिमत्ता

They tried speaking to him; but, he was so confused, and so very slow to answer, that they took fright at his bewilderment, and agreed for the time to tamper with him no more.

took fright - डर गया

bewilderment - घबराहट

tamper - हस्तक्षेप करना

He had a wild, lost manner of occasionally clasping his head in his hands, that had not been seen in him before; yet, he had some pleasure in the mere sound of his daughter's voice, and invariably turned to it when she spoke.

clasping - गिरगिराना, (clasp) गिरगिराना

invariably - सर्वदा, निरपवाद रूप से

In the submissive way of one long accustomed to obey under coercion, he ate and drank what they gave him to eat and drink, and put on the cloak and other wrappings, that they gave him to wear. He readily responded to his daughter's drawing her arm through his, and took-and kept-her hand in both his own.

submissive - दब्बू, विनम्र, आज्ञाकारी

accustomed - आदी बना करना, साधना

obey - आज्ञा मानना, इताअत करना

coercion - ज़ोर ज़बर्दस्ती, जोर जबरदस्ती

wrappings - ओढ़ना, आवरण, लपेटन

readily - तरन्त ही, सरलता से, सरलता से

They began to descend; Monsieur Defarge going first with the lamp, Mr. Lorry closing the little procession. They had not traversed many steps of the long main staircase when he stopped, and stared at the roof and round at the walls.

traversed - तय करना, पार करना, फैला होना

"You remember the place, my father? You remember coming up here?"

"What did you say?"

But, before she could repeat the question, he murmured an answer as if she had repeated it.

murmured - बड़बड़ाना, सरसराहट, बड़बड़ाहट

"Remember? No, I don't remember. It was so very long ago."

That he had no recollection whatever of his having been brought from his prison to that house, was apparent to them. They heard him mutter, "One Hundred and Five, North Tower;" and when he looked about him, it evidently was for the strong fortress-walls which had long encompassed him.

recollection - स्मरण, स्मरण शक्ति, याद, स्मृति

fortress - गढ़ी, क़िला, दुर्ग

encompassed - घेरना, शामिल करना

On their reaching the courtyard he instinctively altered his tread, as being in expectation of a drawbridge; and when there was no drawbridge, and he saw the carriage waiting in the open street, he dropped his daughter's hand and clasped his head again.

instinctively - सहज रूप से, सहज बोध से

altered - बदल देना, बदल जाना

Drawbridge - उठाऊ पुल, उठाऊ पुल

No crowd was about the door; no people were discernible at any of the many windows; not even a chance passerby was in the street. An unnatural silence and desertion reigned there. Only one soul was to be seen, and that was Madame Defarge-who leaned against the door-post, knitting, and saw nothing.

discernible - समझने योग्य, समझने योग्य

passerby - राहगीर

unnatural - अस्वाभाविक, कृत्रिम, बनावटी

desertion - परित्याग, अपसरण

reigned - शासन, आधिपत्य करना, शासन करना

leaned - टेक लग्ना, ब्ंजर, सहारे रखना

door-post - (door-post) द्वार पोस्ट

The prisoner had got into a coach, and his daughter had followed him, when Mr. Lorry's feet were arrested on the step by his asking, miserably, for his shoemaking tools and the unfinished shoes. Madame Defarge immediately called to her husband that she would get them, and went, knitting, out of the lamplight, through the courtyard.

miserably - दयनीय ढंग से, दयनीय ढंग से

lamplight - दीपक की रोशनी, दीपक की रोशनी

She quickly brought them down and handed them in;-and immediately afterwards leaned against the door-post, knitting, and saw nothing.

afterwards - बाद में, बाद में

Defarge got upon the box, and gave the word "To the Barrier!" The postilion cracked his whip, and they clattered away under the feeble over-swinging lamps.

barrier - बाधा, रुकावट

postilion - rider mounted on leading horse

cracked - करना, पता लगाना, मौका, आकाल

clattered - खड़खड़ की आवाज़ करना, खड़खड़ाहट

swinging - ज़िंदादिल, दोलन, झूलता हुआ

Under the over-swinging lamps-swinging ever brighter in the better streets, and ever dimmer in the worse-and by lighted shops, gay crowds, illuminated coffee-houses, and theatre-doors, to one of the city gates. Soldiers with lanterns, at the guard-house there. "Your papers, travellers!

dimmer - मंदक, (dim) मंदक

gay - समलैंगिक

illuminated - प्रकाशयुक्त करना

lanterns - लालटेन

guard-house - (guard-house) गार्ड हाउस

" "See here then, Monsieur the Officer," said Defarge, getting down, and taking him gravely apart, "these are the papers of monsieur inside, with the white head.

gravely - गंभीर भाव से, गंभीर भाव से

They were consigned to me, with him, at the-" He dropped his voice, there was a flutter among the military lanterns, and one of them being handed into the coach by an arm in uniform, the eyes connected with the arm looked, not an every day or an every night look, at monsieur with the white head. "It is well. Forward!" from the uniform. "Adieu!" from Defarge.

consigned - हवाले कर देना, अर्पण करना

flutter - उत्तेजना, घबराहट, उतार चढाव

military - जंगी, सैन्य, अस्करी, सैनिक

And so, under a short grove of feebler and feebler over-swinging lamps, out under the great grove of stars.

Beneath that arch of unmoved and eternal lights; some, so remote from this little earth that the learned tell us it is doubtful whether their rays have even yet discovered it, as a point in space where anything is suffered or done: the shadows of the night were broad and black. All through the cold and restless interval, until dawn, they once more whispered in the ears of Mr.

arch - मेहराब

unmoved - अप्रभावित, शान्त

doubtful - अनिश्चित, संदिग्ध, संदेह

rays - किरण, शंकुश, ऋषभ, अर्ध रेखा

restless - बेचैन, चिंतित, चंचल, व्याकुल

interval - विराम, अंतराल, अन्तराल

dawn - उषा, ऊषा, प्रभात, तड़का

Jarvis Lorry-sitting opposite the buried man who had been dug out, and wondering what subtle powers were for ever lost to him, and what were capable of restoration-the old inquiry:

subtle - हल्का, जटिल, कुशाग्र, तीक्ष्ण

restoration - बहाली

inquiry - जाँच, सर्वेक्षण, अन्वेषण

"I hope you care to be recalled to life?"

And the old answer:

"I can't say."

The end of the first book.

Book the Second-the Golden Thread

thread - धागा, सूत, सूत्र, तंत

Chapter I. Five Years Later

Tellson's Bank by Temple Bar was an old-fashioned place, even in the year one thousand seven hundred and eighty. It was very small, very dark, very ugly, very incommodious. It was an old-fashioned place, moreover, in the moral attribute that the partners in the House were proud of its smallness, proud of its darkness, proud of its ugliness, proud of its incommodiousness.

Moreover - इसके अलावा, इसके अलावा

moral - नैतिक

attribute - विशेषता, लक्ष्ण, सहजगुण

smallness - छोटापन

ugliness - चिड़चिड़ापन, भद्दापन, कुरूपता

incommodiousness - असुविधाजनकता

They were even boastful of its eminence in those particulars, and were fired by an express conviction that, if it were less objectionable, it would be less respectable. This was no passive belief, but an active weapon which they flashed at more convenient places of business. Tellson's (they said) wanted no elbow-room, Tellson's wanted no light, Tellson's wanted no embellishment. Noakes and Co.

boastful - डींगे हाँकने वाला, शेख़ीबाज़

eminence - प्रतिष्ठा, उत्कृष्टता, एमिनेंस

conviction - अपराध सिद्धि, दोषसिद्धि

objectionable - सितारा मछली, आपत्तिजनक

respectable - प्रणम्य, नमनीय, आदरणीय

passive - कर्मवाच्य, निष्क्रीय, कर्मप्रधन

flashed - दिखाना, चमकाना, चमक, झलक

embellishment - सजावट, अलंकरण, अतिरंजन

's might, or Snooks Brothers'might; but Tellson's, thank Heaven-!

Snooks - स्नुक्स, (snook) स्नुक्स

Any one of these partners would have disinherited his son on the question of rebuilding Tellson's. In this respect the House was much on a par with the Country; which did very often disinherit its sons for suggesting improvements in laws and customs that had long been highly objectionable, but were only the more respectable.

disinherited - जायदाद से बेदखल कर देना

rebuilding - पुनर्निर्माण करना, फिर बनाना

par - सम मूल्य, अंकित मूल्य

more respectable - अधिक सम्मानित

Thus it had come to pass, that Tellson's was the triumphant perfection of inconvenience.

triumphant - प्रफुल्लित, विजयोल्लसित, विजयी

perfection - कमाल

inconvenience - कष्ट देना, कष्ट देना, असुविधा

After bursting open a door of idiotic obstinacy with a weak rattle in its throat, you fell into Tellson's down two steps, and came to your senses in a miserable little shop, with two little counters, where the oldest of men made your cheque shake as if the wind rustled it, while they examined the signature by the dingiest of windows, which were always under a shower-bath of mud from Fleet-street, and which were made the dingier by their own iron bars proper, and the heavy shadow of Temple Bar. If your business necessitated your seeing "the House," you were put into a species of Condemned Hold at the back, where you meditated on a misspent life, until the House came with its hands in its pockets, and you could hardly blink at it in the dismal twilight. Your money came out of, or went into, wormy old wooden drawers, particles of which flew up your nose and down your throat when they were opened and shut. Your bank-notes had a musty odour, as if they were fast decomposing into rags again. Your plate was stowed away among the neighbouring cesspools, and evil communications corrupted its good polish in a day or two. Your deeds got into extemporised strong-rooms made of kitchens and sculleries, and fretted all the fat out of their parchments into the banking-house air. Your lighter boxes of family papers went up-stairs into a Barmecide room, that always had a great dining-table in it and never had a dinner, and where, even in the year one thousand seven hundred and eighty, the first letters written to you by your old love, or by your little children, were but newly released from the horror of being ogled through the windows, by the heads exposed on Temple Bar with an insensate brutality and ferocity worthy of Abyssinia or Ashantee.

bursting - विस्फोट, कूट कूट कर भर देना

idiotic - मूर्ख, अहमक़

obstinacy - ज़िद

counters - विरोध करना, गिनने का यंत्र

cheque - चेक

signature - हस्ताक्षर, दस्तख़त

dingiest - मैला, काला और गन्दा, गंदा

shower-bath - (shower-bath) शावर बाथ

Fleet - जहाजी बेड़ा

dingier - मैला, काला और गन्दा, गंदा

necessitated - मजबूर करना, अनिवार्य बना देना

species - प्रजाति, प्रकार, वर्ग, जाति

condemned - घोषित करना, दोष लगाना

meditated - का इरादा करना, ध्यान करना

misspent - गँवाना, गलत खर्च करना

blink at - चिपकाना

dismal - निराशाजनक, भयानक, निराशपुर्ण

twilight - सांझ, शफक

wormy - कीड़ा लगा, किनाह, कीटपूर्ण

drawers - चित्रकार, आदेशक, चैक कर्ता

particles - रत्ती भर, कण, सामान्य प्रत्यय

bank-notes - (bank-notes) बैंक नोट्स

musty - फफूंदा हुआ

odour - गन्ध, बास

decomposing - अपघटन, सड़ना, अपघटित हो जाना

stowed away - छुटकारा लिया

cesspools - चहबच्चा, नाबदान, गंदी जगह

corrupted - भ्रष्ट करना

polish - पोलिश

deeds - कार्य, काम, विलेख

extemporised - बिना तैयारी के प्रस्तुत करना

sculleries - बर्तन माँजने की जगह

fretted - चिंता करना, चिंता करना

parchments - चर्मपत्र पर लिखित दस्तावेज़

Barmecide - बारमीसाइड

dining-table - (dining-table) डाइनिंग टेबल

newly - नया, नया नया

ogled - कटाक्ष

exposed - दिखाना, विवरण, प्रकट करना

insensate - having no sensation or consciousness

brutality - पाशविकता, क्रूरता

ferocity - प्रचण्डता, उग्रता, खूँखारपना

Abyssinia - हबश, हबस

But indeed, at that time, putting to death was a recipe much in vogue with all trades and professions, and not least of all with Tellson's. Death is Nature's remedy for all things, and why not Legislation's?

vogue - प्रचलन, लोकप्रियता

remedy for - उपचार हेतु

Legislation - विधि, विधान, कानून, विधायन

Accordingly, the forger was put to Death; the utterer of a bad note was put to Death; the unlawful opener of a letter was put to Death; the purloiner of forty shillings and sixpence was put to Death; the holder of a horse at Tellson's door, who made off with it, was put to Death; the coiner of a bad shilling was put to Death; the sounders of three-fourths of the notes in the whole gamut of Crime, were put to Death. Not that it did the least good in the way of prevention-it might almost have been worth remarking that the fact was exactly the reverse-but, it cleared off (as to this world) the trouble of each particular case, and left nothing else connected with it to be looked after. Thus, Tellson's, in its day, like greater places of business, its contemporaries, had taken so many lives, that, if the heads laid low before it had been ranged on Temple Bar instead of being privately disposed of, they would probably have excluded what little light the ground floor had, in a rather significant manner.

forger - जालसाज

utterer - वक्ता, (utter)

unlawful - अवैध, अनुचित, अनैतिक, अनधिकृत

purloiner - चोर

holder - धारक, होल्डर

made off - बिगड़ गया

coiner - सिक्केदार

shilling - 1971 तक ब्रिटेन में प्रचलित एक सिक्का, (shill) 1971 तक ब्रिटेन में प्रचलित एक सिक्का

gamut - सप्तक, सारे पहलू

prevention - रोकथाम, रोक थाम

remarking - करना, ध्यान, प्रतिक्रिया

reverse - उलटना

contemporaries - आधुनिक, समकालीन

privately - व्यक्तिगत रूप से

disposed - सजाना, ठीक रखना, ठिकाने लगाना

excluded - निकालना, छोड़ना, छोड़ देना

significant - महत्त्वपूर्ण, महत्वपूर्ण

Cramped in all kinds of dim cupboards and hutches at Tellson's, the oldest of men carried on the business gravely. When they took a young man into Tellson's London house, they hid him somewhere till he was old. They kept him in a dark place, like a cheese, until he had the full Tellson flavour and blue-mould upon him.

cramped - ऐंठन या मरोड़ की पीड़ा देना, ऐंठन

hutches - खरगोश का पिंजरा, काष्ठपिंजर

mould - गढ़ना

Then only was he permitted to be seen, spectacularly poring over large books, and casting his breeches and gaiters into the general weight of the establishment.

spectacularly - असाधारण रूप से, आलीशान ढंग से

poring - छिद्र, रंध्र, रोमकूप

gaiters - घुटनों के नीचे पहनने वाला कपड़ा

Outside Tellson's-never by any means in it, unless called in-was an odd-job-man, an occasional porter and messenger, who served as the live sign of the house. He was never absent during business hours, unless upon an errand, and then he was represented by his son: a grisly urchin of twelve, who was his express image. People understood that Tellson's, in a stately way, tolerated the odd-job-man.

occasional - प्रासंगिक, असाम्यिक

absent - अनुपस्थित

business hours - व्यवसाय के समय

errand - दूतकार्य

grisly - भयानक

urchin - जलसाही, लावारिस शरारती बच्चा

stately - शानदार, प्रभावशाली, उत्कृष्ट

tolerated - सहना, सहन करना, बर्दाश्त करना

The house had always tolerated some person in that capacity, and time and tide had drifted this person to the post. His surname was Cruncher, and on the youthful occasion of his renouncing by proxy the works of darkness, in the easterly parish church of Hounsditch, he had received the added appellation of Jerry.

surname - कुलनाम, कुल नाम, उपनाम

Cruncher - क्रंचर

youthful - जवान, जवानी का, कम उम्र, युवा

renouncing - अस्वीकार करना, त्याग देना, खोना

by proxy - प्रॉक्सी द्वारा

easterly - पूर्वी, पुरवाई, पूर्वाभिमुख

parish church - पैरिश चर्च

appellation - उपाधि, पदवी/नाम/उपाधि

The scene was Mr. Cruncher's private lodging in Hanging-sword-alley, Whitefriars: the time, half-past seven of the clock on a windy March morning, anno domini seventeen hundred and eighty. (Mr.

lodging - आवास, (lodge)

sword - तलवार, शमशेर

alley - पगडण्डी

windy - हवादार, शब्दाडम्बरपूर्ण

anno domini - अन्नो दोमिनी

Cruncher himself always spoke of the year of our Lord as Anna Dominoes: apparently under the impression that the Christian era dated from the invention of a popular game, by a lady who had bestowed her name upon it.)

Anna - biblical prophetess

apparently - स्पष्ट रूप से, बिल्कुल

era - युग, अनुयुग, ज़माना, काल

bestowed - प्रदान करना

Mr. Cruncher's apartments were not in a savoury neighbourhood, and were but two in number, even if a closet with a single pane of glass in it might be counted as one. But they were very decently kept.

savoury - स्वादिष्ट, रुचिकर

closet - अलमैराह

pane - फलक

decently - शालीनतापूर्वक, सही ढंग से

Early as it was, on the windy March morning, the room in which he lay abed was already scrubbed throughout; and between the cups and saucers arranged for breakfast, and the lumbering deal table, a very clean white cloth was spread.

abed - बिछौने पर, बिस्तर पर

scrubbed - रगड़ कर सफ़ाई

saucers - तश्तरी, ससर, तश्तरी जैसी वस्तु

Mr. Cruncher reposed under a patchwork counterpane, like a Harlequin at home. At first, he slept heavily, but, by degrees, began to roll and surge in bed, until he rose above the surface, with his spiky hair looking as if it must tear the sheets to ribbons. At which juncture, he exclaimed, in a voice of dire exasperation:

reposed - आराम करना, शान्ति, आराम

patchwork - पँचमेल से बनी वस्तु

counterpane - पलंगपोश

harlequin - मसखरा

surge - तेज़ि से बढ़ना, आवेश, लहर

spiky hair - कड़वे बाल

ribbons - पट्टी, फीता

juncture - समय/परिस्थिति, मोड़

dire - भीषण, बेकार

exasperation - क्रोध, रोष

"Bust me, if she ain't at it agin!"

A woman of orderly and industrious appearance rose from her knees in a corner, with sufficient haste and trepidation to show that she was the person referred to.

industrious - परिश्रमी, मेहनती

sufficient - काफ़ी, पर्याप्त, यथेष्ट

haste - जल्दी, जल्दबाजी, अविलंब

trepidation - घबराहट

"What!" said Mr. Cruncher, looking out of bed for a boot. "You're at it agin, are you?"

After hailing the morn with this second salutation, he threw a boot at the woman as a third. It was a very muddy boot, and may introduce the odd circumstance connected with Mr. Cruncher's domestic economy, that, whereas he often came home after banking hours with clean boots, he often got up next morning to find the same boots covered with clay.

morn - सुबह

circumstance - परिस्थिति

domestic economy - आंतरराष्ट्रीय अर्थव्यवस्था

whereas - जबकि, चूँकि, क्योंकि[प्रतिकूलता]

clay - मृत्तिका, चिकनी मिट्टी

"What," said Mr. Cruncher, varying his apostrophe after missing his mark-"what are you up to, Aggerawayter?"

varying - बदलना, , भिन्न होना

apostrophe - वर्णलोप का चिह्न

"I was only saying my prayers."

"Saying your prayers! You're a nice woman! What do you mean by flopping yourself down and praying agin me?"

flopping - असफल होना, असफल, पूर्णतः असफल

"I was not praying against you; I was praying for you."

"You weren't. And if you were, I won't be took the liberty with. Here! your mother's a nice woman, young Jerry, going a praying agin your father's prosperity. You've got a dutiful mother, you have, my son. You've got a religious mother, you have, my boy: going and flopping herself down, and praying that the bread-and-butter may be snatched out of the mouth of her only child."

liberty - आज़ादी

prosperity - समृद्धि

dutiful - कर्तव्यपरायण, कर्त्तव्यनिष्ठ

snatched - अंश, लेना, हटा लेना, छीनना

Master Cruncher (who was in his shirt) took this very ill, and, turning to his mother, strongly deprecated any praying away of his personal board.

deprecated - अवमानित करना, की निन्दा करना

"And what do you suppose, you conceited female," said Mr. Cruncher, with unconscious inconsistency, "that the worth of your prayers may be? Name the price that you put your prayers at!"

conceited - घमण्ड, हास्योक्ति, गुमान

unconscious - अचेतन मन, अन्जान, अनजान, अचेत

inconsistency - असंगति, भिन्नता

"They only come from the heart, Jerry. They are worth no more than that."

"Worth no more than that," repeated Mr. Cruncher. "They ain't worth much, then. Whether or no, I won't be prayed agin, I tell you. I can't afford it. I'm not a going to be made unlucky by your sneaking. If you must go flopping yourself down, flop in favour of your husband and child, and not in opposition to 'em.

unlucky - अशुभ, अभागा/दुखी/मंदभाग्य

sneaking - गुप्त, ले कर चंपत हो जाना

Flop - फड़फड़ाना

opposition - विमुखता

If I had had any but a unnat'ral wife, and this poor boy had had any but a unnat'ral mother, I might have made some money last week instead of being counter-prayed and countermined and religiously circumwented into the worst of luck. B-u-u-ust me!" said Mr.

religiously - ईमानदारी से, निष्ठापूर्वक

Cruncher, who all this time had been putting on his clothes, "if I ain't, what with piety and one blowed thing and another, been choused this last week into as bad luck as ever a poor devil of a honest tradesman met with! Young Jerry, dress yourself, my boy, and while I clean my boots keep a eye upon your mother now and then, and if you see any signs of more flopping, give me a call.

piety - धर्मपरायणता, इश्वर भक्ति

For, I tell you," here he addressed his wife once more, "I won't be gone agin, in this manner.

I am as rickety as a hackney-coach, I'm as sleepy as laudanum, my lines is strained to that degree that I shouldn't know, if it wasn't for the pain in 'em, which was me and which somebody else, yet I'm none the better for it in pocket; and it's my suspicion that you've been at it from morning to night to prevent me from being the better for it in pocket, and I won't put up with it, Aggerawayter, and what do you say now!"

rickety - जर्जर, डाँवाँडोल

hackney - सवारी घोड़ा

sleepy - उनींदा, निद्रालु

laudanum - the tincture of opium once widely used

strained - थकाना, गाना, मोच

Growling, in addition, such phrases as "Ah! yes! You're religious, too. You wouldn't put yourself in opposition to the interests of your husband and child, would you? Not you!" and throwing off other sarcastic sparks from the whirling grindstone of his indignation, Mr. Cruncher betook himself to his boot-cleaning and his general preparation for business.

growling - गुर्राहट, (growl)

sarcastic - व्यंग्यात्मक

whirling - घूमना, चक्करदार

grindstone - शाण

indignation - रोष, क्रोध/रोष, नाराज़गी

In the meantime, his son, whose head was garnished with tenderer spikes, and whose young eyes stood close by one another, as his father's did, kept the required watch upon his mother. He greatly disturbed that poor woman at intervals, by darting out of his sleeping closet, where he made his toilet, with a suppressed cry of "You are going to flop, mother. -Halloa, father!

meantime - इस बीच, इस बीच, इसी बीच

garnished - सजावट, सजाना, अलंकृत करना

tenderer - निविदाता, (tender) निविदाता

spikes - कीलदार जूता, नुकीली खूँटी

poor woman - दुर्दशाली महिला

darting - चुन्नट, (**), बर्छी, झपट्टा

" and, after raising this fictitious alarm, darting in again with an undutiful grin.

fictitious - काल्पनिक/झूठा, कल्पित, फ़र्ज़ी

undutiful - अकर्तव्यपरायण

grin - दांत दिखाते हुए मुस्कुराना

Mr. Cruncher's temper was not at all improved when he came to his breakfast. He resented Mrs. Cruncher's saying grace with particular animosity.

temper - लचकीला बनाना, कम करना, गुस्सा

resented - पसंद न करना, बुरा मानना

grace - अदा

animosity - द्वेष, दुश्मनी की भावना, बैर

"Now, Aggerawayter! What are you up to? At it again?"

His wife explained that she had merely "asked a blessing."

blessing - आशीर्वाद, (bless)

"don't do it!" said Mr. Crunches looking about, as if he rather expected to see the loaf disappear under the efficacy of his wife's petitions. "I ain't a going to be blest out of house and home. I won't have my wittles blest off my table. keep still!"

don't do it - मत करो

Crunches - मुश्किल, कुचलना, संगणना करना

efficacy - गुण, क्षमता, प्रभाविता

petitions - आवेदन पट्रअ, याचिका

blest - आशीर्वादित, (bless) आशीर्वादित

keep still - ठहरो

Exceedingly red-eyed and grim, as if he had been up all night at a party which had taken anything but a convivial turn, Jerry Cruncher worried his breakfast rather than ate it, growling over it like any four-footed inmate of a menagerie.

convivial - खुशनुमा, खुशी का

inmate - कैदी, निवासी, वासी

menagerie - जानवरों का समूह

Towards nine o'clock he smoothed his ruffled aspect, and, presenting as respectable and business-like an exterior as he could overlay his natural self with, issued forth to the occupation of the day.

ruffled - फुला लेना, घबरा देना, झालर

exterior - बाहरी, बाहर, बहिर्भाग, बाह्य रूप

overlay - भरा हुआ होना, आवरण, ढक देना

self - खुद, ख़ुद, स्वयं, नफ्स

forth - आगे

occupation - अधिभोग

It could scarcely be called a trade, in spite of his favourite description of himself as "a honest tradesman.

spite - द्वेष-विद्वेष, मनमुटाव, गांठ

" His stock consisted of a wooden stool, made out of a broken-backed chair cut down, which stool, young Jerry, walking at his father's side, carried every morning to beneath the banking-house window that was nearest Temple Bar: where, with the addition of the first handful of straw that could be gleaned from any passing vehicle to keep the cold and wet from the odd-job-man's feet, it formed the encampment for the day. On this post of his, Mr. Cruncher was as well known to Fleet-street and the Temple, as the Bar itself,-and was almost as in-looking.

stool - चौकी, तिपाही, पाखाना, मल, गुह

gleaned - बटोरना, बीनना

encampment - शिविर

Encamped at a quarter before nine, in good time to touch his three-cornered hat to the oldest of men as they passed in to Tellson's, Jerry took up his station on this windy March morning, with young Jerry standing by him, when not engaged in making forays through the Bar, to inflict bodily and mental injuries of an acute description on passing boys who were small enough for his amiable purpose.

encamped - डेरा डालना, शिविर लगाना

forays - सैर, आक्रमण करना

inflict - डालना, पहुँचाना, दंड देना

bodily - शारीरिक

acute - अत्यधिक, नुकीला, कुशाग्र, पैना

amiable - स्नेही, मिलनसार, कांत

Father and son, extremely like each other, looking silently on at the morning traffic in Fleet-street, with their two heads as near to one another as the two eyes of each were, bore a considerable resemblance to a pair of monkeys.

considerable - बहुत अधिक, महत्वपूर्ण, बहुत

The resemblance was not lessened by the accidental circumstance, that the mature Jerry bit and spat out straw, while the twinkling eyes of the youthful Jerry were as restlessly watchful of him as of everything else in Fleet-street.

lessened - कम करना, घटना/कम होना

accidental - आकस्मिक, अप्रत्याशित, सांयोगिक

mature - पूर्ण विकसित

spat out - निकाल दें

twinkling - पलक झपकते ही, पल भर में

restlessly - बेचैनी से, बेचैनी से

The head of one of the regular indoor messengers attached to Tellson's establishment was put through the door, and the word was given:

Messengers - संदेशवाहक, दूत, सन्देश वाहक

put through - द्वारा प्रवेश कराया

"Porter wanted!"

"Hooray, father! Here's an early job to begin with!"

Hooray - हुर्रा!, वाह!

Having thus given his parent God speed, young Jerry seated himself on the stool, entered on his reversionary interest in the straw his father had been chewing, and cogitated.

reversionary - पुनरुत्थानी

chewing - सोचना, गोली, चबाना, चर्वण

cogitated - गहन चिन्तन करना

"Al-ways rusty! His fingers is al-ways rusty!" muttered young Jerry. "Where does my father get all that iron rust from? He don't get no iron rust here!"

al - अल

rusty - पुराना, जंग लगा, मंद

Chapter II. A Sight

You know the Old Bailey well, no doubt?" said one of the oldest of clerks to Jerry the messenger.

"Ye-es, sir," returned Jerry, in something of a dogged manner. "I do know the Bailey."

"Just so. And you know Mr. Lorry."

"I know Mr. Lorry, sir, much better than I know the Bailey. Much better," said Jerry, not unlike a reluctant witness at the establishment in question, "than I, as a honest tradesman, wish to know the Bailey."

witness - साक्षी

"Very well. Find the door where the witnesses go in, and show the door-keeper this note for Mr. Lorry. He will then let you in."

witnesses - करना, गवाह, प्रमाण, गवाह होना

"Into the court, sir?"

"Into the court."

Mr. Cruncher's eyes seemed to get a little closer to one another, and to interchange the inquiry, "What do you think of this?"

"Am I to wait in the court, sir?" he asked, as the result of that conference.

"I am going to tell you. The door-keeper will pass the note to Mr. Lorry, and do you make any gesture that will attract Mr. Lorry's attention, and show him where you stand. Then what you have to do, is, to remain there until he wants you."

"Is that all, sir?"

"That's all. He wishes to have a messenger at hand. This is to tell him you are there."

As the ancient clerk deliberately folded and superscribed the note, Mr. Cruncher, after surveying him in silence until he came to the blotting-paper stage, remarked:

clerk - क्लर्क, बाबू

blotting-paper - (blotting-paper) धागे का पेपर

"I suppose they'll be trying Forgeries this morning?"

Forgeries - नकली, नकल, जालसाज़ी


treason - विश्वासघात, राज-द्रोह

"That's quartering," said Jerry. "Barbarous!"

barbarous - गंवार

"It is the law," remarked the ancient clerk, turning his surprised spectacles upon him. "It is the law."

spectacles - प्रदर्शन, तमाशा, दृश्य, चश्मा

"It's hard in the law to spile a man, I think. It's hard enough to kill him, but it's wery hard to spile him, sir."

spile - पाइल

"Not at all," retained the ancient clerk. "Speak well of the law. Take care of your chest and voice, my good friend, and leave the law to take care of itself. I give you that advice."

retained - रोकना, रहने देना, सुरक्षित रखना

"It's the damp, sir, what settles on my chest and voice," said Jerry. "I leave you to judge what a damp way of earning a living mine is."

settles - रोकना, देना, रहना, तय करना

"Well, well," said the old clerk; "we all have our various ways of gaining a livelihood. Some of us have damp ways, and some of us have dry ways. Here is the letter. Go along."

gaining - लाभ हासिल करना, (gain) लाभ हासिल करना

livelihood - आजीविका, जीविका, जीवननिर्वाह

Jerry took the letter, and, remarking to himself with less internal deference than he made an outward show of, "You are a lean old one, too," made his bow, informed his son, in passing, of his destination, and went his way.

internal - भीतरी, आंतरिक, गोपनीय, घरेलू

deference - सम्मान, आदर करना

outward - जाता हुआ, बाहरी, बाहर की ओर

lean - झुकना

informed - बताना, सूचित करना, प्रेरित करना

They hanged at Tyburn, in those days, so the street outside Newgate had not obtained one infamous notoriety that has since attached to it.

obtained - पाना, प्राप्त करना, हाशिल करना

infamous - कुख्यात

notoriety - बदनामी, कुख्याति

But, the gaol was a vile place, in which most kinds of debauchery and villainy were practised, and where dire diseases were bred, that came into court with the prisoners, and sometimes rushed straight from the dock at my Lord Chief Justice himself, and pulled him off the bench.

gaol - जेल, जेल् हो जाना

debauchery - विलासिता, व्यभिचार, अय्याशी

villainy - बदमाशी, खलनायकत्व

bred - पोला, (breed), ज़ात, बिरादरी

rushed - सोने की खानो के नए क्षेट्रों में प्रवास

Dock - घाट, जहाज गोदाम

chief - चीफ, प्रधान, श्रेष्ठ, मुख्य

justice - न्याय, इनसाफ़

It had more than once happened, that the Judge in the black cap pronounced his own doom as certainly as the prisoner's, and even died before him.

doom - बरबाद होना, अर्थी, बरबाद होना

For the rest, the Old Bailey was famous as a kind of deadly inn-yard, from which pale travellers set out continually, in carts and coaches, on a violent passage into the other world: traversing some two miles and a half of public street and road, and shaming few good citizens, if any. So powerful is use, and so desirable to be good use in the beginning.

deadly - अत्यधिक, घातक, अत्यन्त, बहुत ही

continually - लगातार, निरंतर

traversing - पथ प्रवेश, (traverse) पथ प्रवेश

shaming - कपटी, धोखा, ढोंगी, कपट

citizens - स्थानिक, नागरिक, निवासी, सदस्य

It was famous, too, for the pillory, a wise old institution, that inflicted a punishment of which no one could foresee the extent; also, for the whipping-post, another dear old institution, very humanising and softening to behold in action; also, for extensive transactions in blood-money, another fragment of ancestral wisdom, systematically leading to the most frightful mercenary crimes that could be committed under Heaven. Altogether, the Old Bailey, at that date, was a choice illustration of the precept, that "Whatever is is right;" an aphorism that would be as final as it is lazy, did it not include the troublesome consequence, that nothing that ever was, was wrong.

pillory - सार्वजनिक रूप से दंडित करना

wise - अक्लमंद

inflicted - डालना, पहुँचाना, दंड देना

foresee - अंदाज लगा लेना, अनुमान लगाना

extent - विस्तार

whipping - भारी हार, चुस्त, फिंटाई

Institution - संस्थान, संसथा भवन, संस्थापन

humanising - मानवीय बनाना, मानवीय बनाना

softening - नमीना, (soften) नमीना

behold - निहारना

extensive - विस्तृत, व्यापक, बड़ा/व्यापक

transactions - लेन देन, कार्रवाई, सौदा

ancestral - पैतृक, पैतृक/बपौती

systematically - जानबूझकर, लगातार, करीने से

mercenary - लोभी, किराये का सैनिक

illustration - स्पष्टीकरण, व्यख्या, उदाहरन

precept - वचन, रस्म, नियम, निर्देश

aphorism - सूत्र, वचन, प्रमाण, कहावत, मसल

troublesome - तकलीफ़देह, कष्टप्रद, दुःखदायी

Making his way through the tainted crowd, dispersed up and down this hideous scene of action, with the skill of a man accustomed to make his way quietly, the messenger found out the door he sought, and handed in his letter through a trap in it. For, people then paid to see the play at the Old Bailey, just as they paid to see the play in Bedlam-only the former entertainment was much the dearer.

tainted - कलंकित करना, दूषित करना, विकृति

dispersed - तितर वितर करना, छितराना

hideous - डरावना, वीभत्स

handed in - दिया गया

trap - घात

bedlam - पागलखाना

Therefore, all the Old Bailey doors were well guarded-except, indeed, the social doors by which the criminals got there, and those were always left wide open.

After some delay and demur, the door grudgingly turned on its hinges a very little way, and allowed Mr. Jerry Cruncher to squeeze himself into court.

delay - देरी करना

demur - ऐतराज करना/आपत्ति करना

grudgingly - अनिच्छा से, अनिच्छा से

hinges - कब्जे पर लगाना, कब्जा

squeeze - निचोड़ना

"What's on?" he asked, in a whisper, of the man he found himself next to.

"Nothing yet."

"What's coming on?"

"The Treason case."

"The quartering one, eh?"

eh - used as a tag question

"Ah!" returned the man, with a relish; "he'll be drawn on a hurdle to be half hanged, and then he'll be taken down and sliced before his own face, and then his inside will be taken out and burnt while he looks on, and then his head will be chopped off, and he'll be cut into quarters. That's the sentence."

hurdle - फांद

chopped - चोट, हाथ, ठप्प होना, आघात

"If he's found Guilty, you mean to say?" Jerry added, by way of proviso.

proviso - प्रतिबन्ध, शर्त, प्रतिबंध

"Oh! they'll find him guilty," said the other. "Don't you be afraid of that."

Mr. Cruncher's attention was here diverted to the door-keeper, whom he saw making his way to Mr. Lorry, with the note in his hand. Mr. Lorry sat at a table, among the gentlemen in wigs: not far from a wigged gentleman, the prisoner's counsel, who had a great bundle of papers before him: and nearly opposite another wigged gentleman with his hands in his pockets, whose whole attention, when Mr.

diverted - मनोरंजन करना

wigs - नकली बाल, फटकार, उपकेश, विग

wigged - नकली बाल, फटकार, उपकेश, विग

Cruncher looked at him then or afterwards, seemed to be concentrated on the ceiling of the court. After some gruff coughing and rubbing of his chin and signing with his hand, Jerry attracted the notice of Mr. Lorry, who had stood up to look for him, and who quietly nodded and sat down again.

coughing - खांसी, (cough), खांसना

rubbing - रबिंग, (rub), रगड़ना

"What's he got to do with the case?" asked the man he had spoken with.

"Blest if I know," said Jerry.

"What have you got to do with it, then, if a person may inquire?"

"Blest if I know that either," said Jerry.

The entrance of the Judge, and a consequent great stir and settling down in the court, stopped the dialogue. Presently, the dock became the central point of interest. Two gaolers, who had been standing there, went out, and the prisoner was brought in, and put to the bar.

settling down - निवास करना

Presently - अभी, शीघ्र ही, संप्रति

gaolers - जेलर

Everybody present, except the one wigged gentleman who looked at the ceiling, stared at him. All the human breath in the place, rolled at him, like a sea, or a wind, or a fire.

Eager faces strained round pillars and corners, to get a sight of him; spectators in back rows stood up, not to miss a hair of him; people on the floor of the court, laid their hands on the shoulders of the people before them, to help themselves, at anybody's cost, to a view of him-stood a-tiptoe, got upon ledges, stood upon next to nothing, to see every inch of him.

pillars - मुख्य व्यक्ति/प्रधान व्यक्ति

tiptoe - पंजा, दबे पाँव चलना

ledges - कगार, ताक

inch - एक फुट का 12 वां भाग, इंच

Conspicuous among these latter, like an animated bit of the spiked wall of Newgate, Jerry stood: aiming at the prisoner the beery breath of a whet he had taken as he came along, and discharging it to mingle with the waves of other beer, and gin, and tea, and coffee, and what not, that flowed at him, and already broke upon the great windows behind him in an impure mist and rain.

conspicuous - उत्कृष्ट, विशिष्ट, प्रत्यक्ष

animated - जीवन संचार करना/प्राण डालना

spiked - कीलदार जूता, नुकीली खूँटी

aiming at - उद्देश्य करना

beery - बीरी

whet - उत्तेजित करना, बढ़ा देना

discharging - गिरना, स्राव, प्रवाह

mingle - घुलना मिलना, घुल मिल जाना

impure - अपवित्र, अनिर्मल, अशुद्ध

The object of all this staring and blaring, was a young man of about five-and-twenty, well-grown and well-looking, with a sunburnt cheek and a dark eye. His condition was that of a young gentleman. He was plainly dressed in black, or very dark grey, and his hair, which was long and dark, was gathered in a ribbon at the back of his neck; more to be out of his way than for ornament.

blaring - शोर मचाना, शोर मचाना

sunburnt - धूप से झुलसा

plainly - साफ़ तौर पर, साफ़ साफ़

ornament - आभूषण, अलंकार, जेवर

As an emotion of the mind will express itself through any covering of the body, so the paleness which his situation engendered came through the brown upon his cheek, showing the soul to be stronger than the sun. He was otherwise quite self-possessed, bowed to the Judge, and stood quiet.

paleness - अवर्णता, पीलापन, निर्वर्णता

possessed - आक्रान्त करना, रखना

bowed - झुकाना, सिर झुकाना, गलही

The sort of interest with which this man was stared and breathed at, was not a sort that elevated humanity. Had he stood in peril of a less horrible sentence-had there been a chance of any one of its savage details being spared-by just so much would he have lost in his fascination.

elevated - ऊँचा, उन्नत, उच्चस्तरीय, बुलंद

savage - असभ्य, दुष्ट, तीव्र, काटना

spared - देना, बचाना, खाली

fascination - आकर्षण, मोह, सम्मोहन

The form that was to be doomed to be so shamefully mangled, was the sight; the immortal creature that was to be so butchered and torn asunder, yielded the sensation. Whatever gloss the various spectators put upon the interest, according to their several arts and powers of self-deceit, the interest was, at the root of it, Ogreish.

doomed - बरबाद होना, अर्थी, बरबाद होना

shamefully - in a shameful manner

mangled - बिगाड़ना, क्षत विक्षत करना

immortal - अमर

butchered - बिगाड़ना, हत्यारा, गोश्त बनाना

asunder - टुकड़े टुकड़े

sensation - संवेदना, उत्तेजना, जोश, ज्ञान

gloss - चमक

deceit - धोखा, छल

root - जड़

Ogreish - ओग्रीश

Silence in the court!

Charles Darnay had yesterday pleaded Not Guilty to an indictment denouncing him (with infinite jingle and jangle) for that he was a false traitor to our serene, illustrious, excellent, and so forth, prince, our Lord the King, by reason of his having, on divers occasions, and by divers means and ways, assisted Lewis, the French King, in his wars against our said serene, illustrious, excellent, and so forth; that was to say, by coming and going, between the dominions of our said serene, illustrious, excellent, and so forth, and those of the said French Lewis, and wickedly, falsely, traitorously, and otherwise evil-adverbiously, revealing to the said French Lewis what forces our said serene, illustrious, excellent, and so forth, had in preparation to send to Canada and North America. This much, Jerry, with his head becoming more and more spiky as the law terms bristled it, made out with huge satisfaction, and so arrived circuitously at the understanding that the aforesaid, and over and over again aforesaid, Charles Darnay, stood there before him upon his trial; that the jury were swearing in; and that Mr. Attorney-General was making ready to speak.

pleaded - वकालत करना, समर्थन में बोलना

indictment - अभियोग

denouncing - समाप्त करना, भर्त्सना करना

infinite - अनंत, असीम, विशाल, अपरिमित

jingle - खनखनाना, खनखनाहट, खनकाना, खनक

jangle - झनझनाना

divers - गोताखोर, पनडुब्बा

serene - प्रशान्त

dominions - प्रभुत्व, राज्य

wickedly - पापपूर्ण ढंग से, दुष्टता से

falsely - झूठमूठ

traitorously - गद्दारी से

revealing - सारगर्भित, अंगप्रदर्शक

Canada - कनाडा

spiky - नुकीला, काँटे की तरह खड़ा

bristled - सूअर का बाल, फटा पड़ना

circuitously - in a circuitous manner

aforesaid - उपर्युक्त

trial - योग्यता की परीक्षा

jury - ज्यूरी

swearing - पहनना, (swear) पहनना

attorney - वकील, अधिवक्ता, मुख्त्यार

The accused, who was (and who knew he was) being mentally hanged, beheaded, and quartered, by everybody there, neither flinched from the situation, nor assumed any theatrical air in it.

accused - अभियोग लगाना, दोष लगाना

mentally - मानसिक रूप से, मतिभ्रष्ट

beheaded - सिर काटना, सिर कटवा देना

flinched - कराहना, हिचक, घबरा जाना

assumed - समझना, रूप धारण करना, मानना

theatrical - नाटकीय, नाटक संबंधी

He was quiet and attentive; watched the opening proceedings with a grave interest; and stood with his hands resting on the slab of wood before him, so composedly, that they had not displaced a leaf of the herbs with which it was strewn. The court was all bestrewn with herbs and sprinkled with vinegar, as a precaution against gaol air and gaol fever.

proceedings - सभा, अनुष्ठान, कार्रवाई

slab - पटिया, पत्थर का चौरस

displaced - हटाना, निकाल देना

herbs - जड़ी बूटी

strewn - बिखरा हुआ, बिखरा हुआ

sprinkled - फुहार, छिड़कना, छितराना

precaution - गर्भनिरोधक उपाय, एहतियात

fever - बुख़ार, ज्वर

Over the prisoner's head there was a mirror, to throw the light down upon him. Crowds of the wicked and the wretched had been reflected in it, and had passed from its surface and this earth's together. Haunted in a most ghastly manner that abominable place would have been, if the glass could ever have rendered back its reflections, as the ocean is one day to give up its dead.

ghastly - विवर्ण, विकट, भयंकर, बेकार, खराब

abominable - घटिया, नृशंस, भद्दा, घृणित

reflections - झलक, परछाई, आरोप, दोष, चिंतन

Some passing thought of the infamy and disgrace for which it had been reserved, may have struck the prisoner's mind. Be that as it may, a change in his position making him conscious of a bar of light across his face, he looked up; and when he saw the glass his face flushed, and his right hand pushed the herbs away.

infamy - दुष्टता, बदनामी, कुख्याति

disgrace - अपमान

flushed - समतल, समृद्ध

It happened, that the action turned his face to that side of the court which was on his left. About on a level with his eyes, there sat, in that corner of the Judge's bench, two persons upon whom his look immediately rested; so immediately, and so much to the changing of his aspect, that all the eyes that were turned upon him, turned to them.

The spectators saw in the two figures, a young lady of little more than twenty, and a gentleman who was evidently her father; a man of a very remarkable appearance in respect of the absolute whiteness of his hair, and a certain indescribable intensity of face: not of an active kind, but pondering and self-communing.

absolute - पूर्णतया, परम, पूर्ण, असीम

whiteness - सफ़ेदी

indescribable - अनिर्वचनीय, अवर्णनीय

intensity - प्रबलता, उग्रता, प्रचंडता

pondering - विचार करना

communing - साझेदारी, (commune) साझेदारी

When this expression was upon him, he looked as if he were old; but when it was stirred and broken up-as it was now, in a moment, on his speaking to his daughter-he became a handsome man, not past the prime of life.

stirred - चलाना, उत्तेजित करना, मिलाना

handsome - ख़ूबसूरत

prime - मुख्य, प्रधान

His daughter had one of her hands drawn through his arm, as she sat by him, and the other pressed upon it. She had drawn close to him, in her dread of the scene, and in her pity for the prisoner. Her forehead had been strikingly expressive of an engrossing terror and compassion that saw nothing but the peril of the accused.

strikingly - असाधारण रूप से

engrossing - मोटे अक्षरों में लिखना

This had been so very noticeable, so very powerfully and naturally shown, that starers who had had no pity for him were touched by her; and the whisper went about, "Who are they?"

noticeable - सुस्पष्ट, देखने योग्य

powerfully - प्रभावशाली ढंग से

Jerry, the messenger, who had made his own observations, in his own manner, and who had been sucking the rust off his fingers in his absorption, stretched his neck to hear who they were. The crowd about him had pressed and passed the inquiry on to the nearest attendant, and from him it had been more slowly pressed and passed back; at last it got to Jerry:

observations - विचार, कथन, देखरेख, निरख/अवलोकन

sucking - स्तनपान, green, (suck), चूसना

rust - जंग, मोरचा

absorption - अवशोषण

stretched - फैलाना, फैल जाना, पंक्ति

attendant - संलग्न, जुड़ा हुआ, सहवर्ती घटना


"For which side?"


"Against what side?"

"The prisoner's."

The Judge, whose eyes had gone in the general direction, recalled them, leaned back in his seat, and looked steadily at the man whose life was in his hand, as Mr. Attorney-General rose to spin the rope, grind the axe, and hammer the nails into the scaffold.

steadily - निरंतर, स्थिरतापूर्वक

spin - फिरकना

grind - पीसना

axe - कुल्हाड़ी

hammer - हथौड़ा, (ham)

scaffold - टिकठी, पाड़

Chapter III. A Disappointment

disappointment - मायूसी, निराशा, आशाभंग

Mr. Attorney-General had to inform the jury, that the prisoner before them, though young in years, was old in the treasonable practices which claimed the forfeit of his life. That this correspondence with the public enemy was not a correspondence of to-day, or of yesterday, or even of last year, or of the year before.

inform - सूचना देना, सूचित करना

treasonable - विश्वासघाती, देशद्रोहात्मक

forfeit - खो बैठना, जुर्माना, खो बैठना

correspondence - लिखा पढी, समानता, लिखा पढी

public enemy - सार्वजनिक शत्रु

That, it was certain the prisoner had, for longer than that, been in the habit of passing and repassing between France and England, on secret business of which he could give no honest account. That, if it were in the nature of traitorous ways to thrive (which happily it never was), the real wickedness and guilt of his business might have remained undiscovered.

thrive - फलना फूलना, पनपना, समृद्ध होना

wickedness - दुष्टता, जुगुप्सा, अनैतिकता

guilt - अपराध बोध

undiscovered - अज्ञात, न पता लगा हुआ

That Providence, however, had put it into the heart of a person who was beyond fear and beyond reproach, to ferret out the nature of the prisoner's schemes, and, struck with horror, to disclose them to his Majesty's chief secretary of State and most honourable privy council. That, this patriot would be produced before them. That, his position and attitude were, on the whole, sublime.

reproach - धिक्कारना, दोष लगाना, उलाहना

ferret - नेवले की जाति का जानवर

schemes - पद्धति, योजना बनाना, योजना

disclose - बताना, दिखाना, प्रकट करना

chief secretary - मुख्य सचिव

most honourable - सर्वोत्तम

privy council - प्रिवी परिषद

patriot - देशभक्त, वतनपरस्त r=vatanparast

That, he had been the prisoner's friend, but, at once in an auspicious and an evil hour detecting his infamy, had resolved to immolate the traitor he could no longer cherish in his bosom, on the sacred altar of his country. That, if statues were decreed in Britain, as in ancient Greece and Rome, to public benefactors, this shining citizen would assuredly have had one.

auspicious - पवित्र, अनुकूल, मंगल, शुभ

detecting - पता लगाना, पता लगाना, पकड़ना

resolved - निश्चय करना, समाधान करना

immolate - कुर्बानी देना

traitor - ग़द्दार, द्रोही, विद्रोही

cherish - मन में लाना/ध्यान करना, पालना

bosom - मन में रखना, छाती

altar - वेदी

decreed - आदेश देना, आदेश देना, आदेश

Britain - ब्रिटेन

Greece - यूनान

Rome - रोम

benefactors - धन आदि से सहायता करने वाले

citizen - नागरिक

That, as they were not so decreed, he probably would not have one.

That, Virtue, as had been observed by the poets (in many passages which he well knew the jury would have, word for word, at the tips of their tongues; whereat the jury's countenances displayed a guilty consciousness that they knew nothing about the passages), was in a manner contagious; more especially the bright virtue known as patriotism, or love of country.

passages - परिवर्तन, स्वीकृति, किराया

whereat - at which, or toward which

countenances - समर्थन, मुखाकृति, अनुमोदन करना

displayed - बताना, प्रदर्शन, दिखाना

contagious - संसर्गज, संक्रामक, मिलाव्त

virtue - सदाचार, गुण, अच्छाई, नेकी

patriotism - देशभक्ति, देशप्रेम, देशानुराग

That, the lofty example of this immaculate and unimpeachable witness for the Crown, to refer to whom however unworthily was an honour, had communicated itself to the prisoner's servant, and had engendered in him a holy determination to examine his master's table-drawers and pockets, and secrete his papers. That, he (Mr.

lofty - उत्कृष्ट, उदात्त, अहंकारी

immaculate - निर्दोष, निष्कलंक, पवित्र

unimpeachable - बेदाग़/अनिन्द्य, असंदिग्ध

witness - गवाही, साक्ष्य

unworthily - अयोग्यतापूर्वक

holy - पवित्र

secrete - स्रावित करना

Attorney-General) was prepared to hear some disparagement attempted of this admirable servant; but that, in a general way, he preferred him to his (Mr. Attorney-General's) brothers and sisters, and honoured him more than his (Mr. Attorney-General's) father and mother. That, he called with confidence on the jury to come and do likewise.

disparagement - निंदा

attempted - प्रयास, प्रयत्न, कोशिश करना

admirable - उत्कृष्ट, प्रशंसनीय, स्तुत्य

That, the evidence of these two witnesses, coupled with the documents of their discovering that would be produced, would show the prisoner to have been furnished with lists of his Majesty's forces, and of their disposition and preparation, both by sea and land, and would leave no doubt that he had habitually conveyed such information to a hostile power.

disposition - प्रवृत्ति, प्रबंध, स्थिति

conveyed - प्रकट करना, ले जाना, पहुँचाना

hostile - शत्रुतापूर्ण, शत्रु का, विरोधी

That, these lists could not be proved to be in the prisoner's handwriting; but that it was all the same; that, indeed, it was rather the better for the prosecution, as showing the prisoner to be artful in his precautions.

handwriting - हस्तलिपि

prosecution - अभियोजन, अभियोग पक्ष

artful - धूर्ततापूर्ण, धूर्त, चालाक

precautions - गर्भनिरोधक उपाय, एहतियात

That, the proof would go back five years, and would show the prisoner already engaged in these pernicious missions, within a few weeks before the date of the very first action fought between the British troops and the Americans.

Proof - प्रमाण, सबूत

pernicious - घातक, हानिकर

missions - कार्य, लक्ष्य, मिशन

troops - दल, स्काउट दल, टुकड़ी

That, for these reasons, the jury, being a loyal jury (as he knew they were), and being a responsible jury (as they knew they were), must positively find the prisoner Guilty, and make an end of him, whether they liked it or not.

loyal - निष्ठावान, वफादार, वफ़ादार

positively - निश्चित रूप से, निश्चित रुप से

That, they never could lay their heads upon their pillows; that, they never could tolerate the idea of their wives laying their heads upon their pillows; that, they never could endure the notion of their children laying their heads upon their pillows; in short, that there never more could be, for them or theirs, any laying of heads upon pillows at all, unless the prisoner's head was taken off.

tolerate - सहना

pillows - रखना, सहारा देना, तकिया

notion - इच्छा, धारणा, विचार

That head Mr. Attorney-General concluded by demanding of them, in the name of everything he could think of with a round turn in it, and on the faith of his solemn asseveration that he already considered the prisoner as good as dead and gone.

demanding - दावा करना, मांग, चाह

Faith - आस्था, धारणा, ईमान, यक़ीन

asseveration - earnest affirmation

When the Attorney-General ceased, a buzz arose in the court as if a cloud of great blue-flies were swarming about the prisoner, in anticipation of what he was soon to become. When toned down again, the unimpeachable patriot appeared in the witness-box.

buzz - गूँज, मार्ग में बाधा डालना

swarming - गर्मी, (swarm) गर्मी

anticipation - पुर्वानुमान, पहले से ही

toned - टन

Mr. Solicitor-General then, following his leader's lead, examined the patriot: John Barsad, gentleman, by name. The story of his pure soul was exactly what Mr. Attorney-General had described it to be-perhaps, if it had a fault, a little too exactly.

solicitor - याचक, वकील

pure - शुद्ध

fault - खोट, दोष

Having released his noble bosom of its burden, he would have modestly withdrawn himself, but that the wigged gentleman with the papers before him, sitting not far from Mr. Lorry, begged to ask him a few questions. The wigged gentleman sitting opposite, still looking at the ceiling of the court.

burden - बोझ

modestly - संकोचशील ढंग से

withdrawn - हटाना, अलग करना, हटा लेना

Had he ever been a spy himself? No, he scorned the base insinuation. What did he live upon? His property. Where was his property? He didn't precisely remember where it was. What was it? No business of anybody's. Had he inherited it? Yes, he had. From whom? Distant relation. Very distant? Rather. Ever been in prison? Certainly not. Never in a debtors'prison? Didn't see what that had to do with it.

spy - जासूस, गुप्तचर

scorned - तिरस्कार, तिरस्कार करना

insinuation - चापलूसी, पैठ, इशारा, भेद

precisely - शुद्ध रुप से, स्वभाववश

inherited - पाना

distant - दूर

debtors - ऋणी, देनदार

Never in a debtors'prison?-Come, once again. Never? Yes. How many times? Two or three times. Not five or six? Perhaps. Of what profession? Gentleman. Ever been kicked? Might have been. Frequently? No. Ever kicked downstairs? Decidedly not; once received a kick on the top of a staircase, and fell downstairs of his own accord. Kicked on that occasion for cheating at dice?

decidedly - निश्चित रूप से, निश्चित रुप से

accord - समझौता

dice - पाँसा, चौकोर टुकड़ों में काटना

Something to that effect was said by the intoxicated liar who committed the assault, but it was not true. Swear it was not true? Positively. Ever live by cheating at play? Never. Ever live by play? Not more than other gentlemen do. Ever borrow money of the prisoner? Yes. Ever pay him? No.

intoxicated - नशे में लाना, उन्मत्त करना

liar - झूठा

assault - आक्रमण

swear - शपथ खाना, कसम खाना

Was not this intimacy with the prisoner, in reality a very slight one, forced upon the prisoner in coaches, inns, and packets? No. Sure he saw the prisoner with these lists? Certain. Knew no more about the lists? No. Had not procured them himself, for instance? No. Expect to get anything by this evidence? No. Not in regular government pay and employment, to lay traps? Oh dear no.

intimacy - अंतरंगता

Inns - सराय, धर्मशाला, पांथशाला

packets - बहुत, डाकनाव, पोटली, पैकेट

procured - प्राप्त करना, दलाली करना

traps - चाल, फंदा, डालना, पकड़ना

Or to do anything? Oh dear no. Swear that? Over and over again. No motives but motives of sheer patriotism? None whatever.

motives - प्रेरक, प्रयोजन, उद्देश्य, कारण

sheer - पूर्णतया

The virtuous servant, Roger Cly, swore his way through the case at a great rate. He had taken service with the prisoner, in good faith and simplicity, four years ago. He had asked the prisoner, aboard the Calais packet, if he wanted a handy fellow, and the prisoner had engaged him. He had not asked the prisoner to take the handy fellow as an act of charity-never thought of such a thing.

virtuous - नैतिक, पवित्र, धर्मपरायण

Roger - संभोग करना, संभोग करना

Cly - स्लाई

swore - गाली देना, कसम खाना, वचन देना

simplicity - सहजता, सरलता, भोलापन, सादगी

aboard - अबौड

handy - आसान

He began to have suspicions of the prisoner, and to keep an eye upon him, soon afterwards. In arranging his clothes, while travelling, he had seen similar lists to these in the prisoner's pockets, over and over again. He had taken these lists from the drawer of the prisoner's desk. He had not put them there first.

suspicions - खटका, अविश्वास, पुट, शक, संदेह

He had seen the prisoner show these identical lists to French gentlemen at Calais, and similar lists to French gentlemen, both at Calais and Boulogne. He loved his country, and couldn't bear it, and had given information. He had never been suspected of stealing a silver tea-pot; he had been maligned respecting a mustard-pot, but it turned out to be only a plated one.

identical - जैसा, वैसा ही, बिलकुल् वही

maligned - बदनाम करना, अनिष्टकर, अहितकर

mustard-pot - (mustard-pot) सरसों का पोट

He had known the last witness seven or eight years; that was merely a coincidence. He didn't call it a particularly curious coincidence; most coincidences were curious. Neither did he call it a curious coincidence that true patriotism was his only motive too. He was a true Briton, and hoped there were many like him.

Curious - जिज्ञासु

coincidences - संयोग, संपात, अनुरूपता, इत्तफाक

motive - प्रेरक, प्रयोजन, उद्देश्य, कारण

Briton - ब्रिटेनवासी

The blue-flies buzzed again, and Mr. Attorney-General called Mr. Jarvis Lorry.

buzzed - गूँज, मार्ग में बाधा डालना

"Mr. Jarvis Lorry, are you a clerk in Tellson's bank?"

"I am."

"On a certain Friday night in November one thousand seven hundred and seventy-five, did business occasion you to travel between London and Dover by the mail?"

"It did."

"Were there any other passengers in the mail?"


"Did they alight on the road in the course of the night?"

alight - नीचे आना

"They did."

"Mr. Lorry, look upon the prisoner. Was he one of those two passengers?"

"I cannot undertake to say that he was."

undertake - उत्तरदायित्व लेना, वादा करना

"Does he resemble either of these two passengers?"

resemble - सदृश होना, सदृश होना

"Both were so wrapped up, and the night was so dark, and we were all so reserved, that I cannot undertake to say even that."

"Mr. Lorry, look again upon the prisoner. Supposing him wrapped up as those two passengers were, is there anything in his bulk and stature to render it unlikely that he was one of them?"

bulk - शरीर, रेशेदार तत्व, दिखना

stature - महत्ता

render - देना


"You will not swear, Mr. Lorry, that he was not one of them?"


"So at least you say he may have been one of them?"

"Yes. Except that I remember them both to have been-like myself-timorous of highwaymen, and the prisoner has not a timorous air."

timorous - डरपोक, डरा हुआ, भयभीत, कातर

highwaymen - डकैत, लुटेरा, बटमार

"Did you ever see a counterfeit of timidity, Mr. Lorry?"

counterfeit - खोटा, जाली

timidity - डर, घबराहट, कायरता

"I certainly have seen that."

"Mr. Lorry, look once more upon the prisoner. Have you seen him, to your certain knowledge, before?"

"I have."


"I was returning from France a few days afterwards, and, at Calais, the prisoner came on board the packet-ship in which I returned, and made the voyage with me."

"At what hour did he come on board?"

"At a little after midnight."

"In the dead of the night. Was he the only passenger who came on board at that untimely hour?"

untimely - असामयिक, बेमौका, अकाल, असमय में

"He happened to be the only one."

"Never mind about 'happening,'Mr. Lorry. He was the only passenger who came on board in the dead of the night?"

"He was."

"Were you travelling alone, Mr. Lorry, or with any companion?"

"With two companions. A gentleman and lady. They are here."

"They are here. Had you any conversation with the prisoner?"

"Hardly any. The weather was stormy, and the passage long and rough, and I lay on a sofa, almost from shore to shore."

stormy - प्रचण्ड, तूफ़ानी

"Miss Manette!"

The young lady, to whom all eyes had been turned before, and were now turned again, stood up where she had sat. Her father rose with her, and kept her hand drawn through his arm.

"Miss Manette, look upon the prisoner."

To be confronted with such pity, and such earnest youth and beauty, was far more trying to the accused than to be confronted with all the crowd. Standing, as it were, apart with her on the edge of his grave, not all the staring curiosity that looked on, could, for the moment, nerve him to remain quite still.

confronted - सामना होना, सामना, सामना करना

nerve - नस, तंत्रिका

His hurried right hand parcelled out the herbs before him into imaginary beds of flowers in a garden; and his efforts to control and steady his breathing shook the lips from which the colour rushed to his heart. The buzz of the great flies was loud again.

parcelled out - वितरित किया गया

"Miss Manette, have you seen the prisoner before?"

"Yes, sir."


"On board of the packet-ship just now referred to, sir, and on the same occasion."

"You are the young lady just now referred to?"

"O! most unhappily, I am!"

Unhappily - उदासी के साथ, अप्रसन्नतापूर्वक

The plaintive tone of her compassion merged into the less musical voice of the Judge, as he said something fiercely: "Answer the questions put to you, and make no remark upon them."

plaintive - दुःखपूर्ण, विषादपूर्ण, दुख भरा

merged - मिलाना, विलय हो जाना

fiercely - उग्रतापूर्वक, प्रचंड रूप से

remark - प्रतिक्रिया, ध्यान देना

"Miss Manette, had you any conversation with the prisoner on that passage across the Channel?"

"Yes, sir."

"Recall it."

recall - स्मरण, वापस लेना, वापस बुलाना

In the midst of a profound stillness, she faintly began: "When the gentleman came on board-"

faintly - अस्पष्टतः, संदिग्धतः

"Do you mean the prisoner?" inquired the Judge, knitting his brows.

brows - आँखें, (brow) आँखें

"Yes, my Lord."

"Then say the prisoner."

"When the prisoner came on board, he noticed that my father," turning her eyes lovingly to him as he stood beside her, "was much fatigued and in a very weak state of health. My father was so reduced that I was afraid to take him out of the air, and I had made a bed for him on the deck near the cabin steps, and I sat on the deck at his side to take care of him.

lovingly - प्रेम से

fatigued - थकाना, थकान, थकावट, थकन

deck - डेक

cabin - कोठरी, कक्ष, झोंपड़ी

There were no other passengers that night, but we four. The prisoner was so good as to beg permission to advise me how I could shelter my father from the wind and weather, better than I had done. I had not known how to do it well, not understanding how the wind would set when we were out of the harbour. He did it for me.

shelter - शरण, पनाह

harbour - बन्दरगाह

He expressed great gentleness and kindness for my father's state, and I am sure he felt it. That was the manner of our beginning to speak together."

kindness - दया, मेहरबानी, दयालुता

"Let me interrupt you for a moment. Had he come on board alone?"

interrupt - टोकना r=ṭoknā


"How many were with him?"

"Two French gentlemen."

"Had they conferred together?"

conferred - प्रदान करना, प्रदान करना

"They had conferred together until the last moment, when it was necessary for the French gentlemen to be landed in their boat."

"Had any papers been handed about among them, similar to these lists?"

"Some papers had been handed about among them, but I don't know what papers."

"Like these in shape and size?"

"Possibly, but indeed I don't know, although they stood whispering very near to me: because they stood at the top of the cabin steps to have the light of the lamp that was hanging there; it was a dull lamp, and they spoke very low, and I did not hear what they said, and saw only that they looked at papers."

whispering - कानाफूसी, सरसराहट, फुसफुसाहट

"Now, to the prisoner's conversation, Miss Manette."

"The prisoner was as open in his confidence with me-which arose out of my helpless situation-as he was kind, and good, and useful to my father. I hope," bursting into tears, "I may not repay him by doing him harm to-day."

helpless - लाचार, बेबस, विवश

repay - चुका देना, लौटाना, मुआवजा चुकाना

Buzzing from the blue-flies.

buzzing - गुंजायमान

"Miss Manette, if the prisoner does not perfectly understand that you give the evidence which it is your duty to give-which you must give-and which you cannot escape from giving-with great unwillingness, he is the only person present in that condition. Please to go on."

unwillingness - अनिच्छा

"He told me that he was travelling on business of a delicate and difficult nature, which might get people into trouble, and that he was therefore travelling under an assumed name. He said that this business had, within a few days, taken him to France, and might, at intervals, take him backwards and forwards between France and England for a long time to come."

travelling on - यात्रा कर रहे हैं

assumed name - अनुमानित नाम

"Did he say anything about America, Miss Manette? Be particular."

"He tried to explain to me how that quarrel had arisen, and he said that, so far as he could judge, it was a wrong and foolish one on England's part. He added, in a jesting way, that perhaps George Washington might gain almost as great a name in history as George the Third. But there was no harm in his way of saying this: it was said laughingly, and to beguile the time."

quarrel - झगड़ा, असहमति

arisen - उदय होना, उत्पन्न होना, निकलना

foolish - मूर्ख

jesting - मजाकिया, (jest) मजाकिया

Washington - वाशिंग्टन

gain - प्राप्त होना

laughingly - मज़ाक में, हँसते हुए

beguile - खुशी से समय बिताना

Any strongly marked expression of face on the part of a chief actor in a scene of great interest to whom many eyes are directed, will be unconsciously imitated by the spectators. Her forehead was painfully anxious and intent as she gave this evidence, and, in the pauses when she stopped for the Judge to write it down, watched its effect upon the counsel for and against.

unconsciously - अनजाने में, अनजाने में

imitated - अनुसरण करना, अनुकरण करना

painfully - अप्रीतिकर ढंग से, कष्टपूर्वक

Among the lookers-on there was the same expression in all quarters of the court; insomuch, that a great majority of the foreheads there, might have been mirrors reflecting the witness, when the Judge looked up from his notes to glare at that tremendous heresy about George Washington.

majority - checkअधिकांश

glare - तरेरना

heresy - अप्रामाणिकता, अपसिद्धांत

Mr. Attorney-General now signified to my Lord, that he deemed it necessary, as a matter of precaution and form, to call the young lady's father, Doctor Manette. Who was called accordingly.

signified - concept evoked by a sign

deemed - समझना, उचित, मानना

"Doctor Manette, look upon the prisoner. Have you ever seen him before?"

"Once. When he called at my lodgings in London. Some three years, or three years and a half ago."

lodgings - आवास, किराये का कमरा, निवास

"Can you identify him as your fellow-passenger on board the packet, or speak to his conversation with your daughter?"

"Sir, I can do neither."

"Is there any particular and special reason for your being unable to do either?"

He answered, in a low voice, "There is."

"Has it been your misfortune to undergo a long imprisonment, without trial, or even accusation, in your native country, Doctor Manette?"

misfortune - दुर्भाग्य, बदकिस्मती, अवदशा

undergo - करना, अनुभव करना, झेलना, कराना

imprisonment - अवरोधन, कारावास, क़ैद

accusation - अभियोजन, दोषारोपण, अभियोग

native country - देश का मूल भाषा



He answered, in a tone that went to every heart, "A long imprisonment."

"Were you newly released on the occasion in question?"

"They tell me so."

"Have you no remembrance of the occasion?"

"None. My mind is a blank, from some time-I cannot even say what time-when I employed myself, in my captivity, in making shoes, to the time when I found myself living in London with my dear daughter here. She had become familiar to me, when a gracious God restored my faculties; but, I am quite unable even to say how she had become familiar. I have no remembrance of the process."

captivity - क़ैद

restored - पुनः स्थापित करना, मरम्मत करना

faculties - शक्ति, संकाय, योग्यता, क्षमता

Mr. Attorney-General sat down, and the father and daughter sat down together.

A singular circumstance then arose in the case.

The object in hand being to show that the prisoner went down, with some fellow-plotter untracked, in the Dover mail on that Friday night in November five years ago, and got out of the mail in the night, as a blind, at a place where he did not remain, but from which he travelled back some dozen miles or more, to a garrison and dockyard, and there collected information; a witness was called to identify him as having been at the precise time required, in the coffee-room of an hotel in that garrison-and-dockyard town, waiting for another person. The prisoner's counsel was cross-examining this witness with no result, except that he had never seen the prisoner on any other occasion, when the wigged gentleman who had all this time been looking at the ceiling of the court, wrote a word or two on a little piece of paper, screwed it up, and tossed it to him. Opening this piece of paper in the next pause, the counsel looked with great attention and curiosity at the prisoner.

plotter - षड्यंत्रकारी

untracked - पथरहित

blind - अंधा

garrison - सैन्य दुर्ग, रक्षा करना

precise - ठीक, स्पष्ट, नियत, निश्चित

Dockyard - गोदी बाड़ा

screwed - मोड़ना, संभोग करना, कंजूस, जेलर

tossed - हिलाना, हिलाना[मिलाना]

"You say again you are quite sure that it was the prisoner?"

The witness was quite sure.

"Did you ever see anybody very like the prisoner?"

Not so like (the witness said) as that he could be mistaken.

"Look well upon that gentleman, my learned friend there," pointing to him who had tossed the paper over, "and then look well upon the prisoner. How say you? Are they very like each other?"

Allowing for my learned friend's appearance being careless and slovenly if not debauched, they were sufficiently like each other to surprise, not only the witness, but everybody present, when they were thus brought into comparison. My Lord being prayed to bid my learned friend lay aside his wig, and giving no very gracious consent, the likeness became much more remarkable. My Lord inquired of Mr.

slovenly - फूहड़

debauched - भ्रष्ट करना, दूषित करना

sufficiently - काफ़ी, पर्याप्त मात्रा में

bid - बोली बोलना

lay aside - छोड़ दें

consent - सहमत होना

more remarkable - अत्यंत आश्चर्यजनक

Stryver (the prisoner's counsel), whether they were next to try Mr. Carton (name of my learned friend) for treason? But, Mr.

Carton - गत्ते का डिब्बा

Stryver replied to my Lord, no; but he would ask the witness to tell him whether what happened once, might happen twice; whether he would have been so confident if he had seen this illustration of his rashness sooner, whether he would be so confident, having seen it; and more.

rashness - अविवेक, उतावलापन

the upshot of which, was, to smash this witness like a crockery vessel, and shiver his part of the case to useless lumber.

the upshot - नतीजा

smash - ज़बर्दस्त रूप से सफल

crockery - चीनी मिट्टी के बर्तन

lumber - इमारती लकड़ी, काठ कबाड़

Mr. Cruncher had by this time taken quite a lunch of rust off his fingers in his following of the evidence. He had now to attend while Mr.

Stryver fitted the prisoner's case on the jury, like a compact suit of clothes; showing them how the patriot, Barsad, was a hired spy and traitor, an unblushing trafficker in blood, and one of the greatest scoundrels upon earth since accursed Judas-which he certainly did look rather like.

compact - गठा हुआ

unblushing - लज्जाहीन

trafficker - बेचने वाला

scoundrels - बदमाश, बदमाश/दुष्ट

accursed - शाप देना

Judas - विश्वासघाती, धोखेबाज

How the virtuous servant, Cly, was his friend and partner, and was worthy to be; how the watchful eyes of those forgers and false swearers had rested on the prisoner as a victim, because some family affairs in France, he being of French extraction, did require his making those passages across the Channel-though what those affairs were, a consideration for others who were near and dear to him, forbade him, even for his life, to disclose. How the evidence that had been warped and wrested from the young lady, whose anguish in giving it they had witnessed, came to nothing, involving the mere little innocent gallantries and politenesses likely to pass between any young gentleman and young lady so thrown together;-with the exception of that reference to George Washington, which was altogether too extravagant and impossible to be regarded in any other light than as a monstrous joke. How it would be a weakness in the government to break down in this attempt to practise for popularity on the lowest national antipathies and fears, and therefore Mr. Attorney-General had made the most of it; how, nevertheless, it rested upon nothing, save that vile and infamous character of evidence too often disfiguring such cases, and of which the state trials of this country were full. But, there my Lord interposed (with as grave a face as if it had not been true), saying that he could not sit upon that Bench and suffer those allusions.

forgers - जालसाज

extraction - निष्कर्ष, कर्षाण, दाँत उखड़वाना

warped - ताना, मोड़ना

wrested - छीन लेना, झटके से छीन लेना

anguish - वेदना

witnessed - करना, गवाह, प्रमाण, गवाह होना

gallantries - वीरता, नारी भक्ती

politenesses - शिष्टता, अशोच

thrown together - तुच्छ से संयुक्त

exception - अपवाद

extravagant - अत्यधिक, खर्चीला, फ़िज़ूलखर्च

regarded - ध्यान, समझना, संबंध, सोचना

monstrous - भयानक, अप्राकृतिक, सरासर गलत

attempt - कोशिश करना

popularity - लोकप्रियता, सर्वमान्यता

Antipathies - चिढ़, विद्वेष, वैरभाव

nevertheless - फिर भी, तथापि, तब भी

disfiguring - बिगाड़्ना, विरूपित करना

state trials - राज्य प्रयोग

interposed - बीच में टोकना, घुसाना

allusions - संकेत, उल्लेख

Mr. Stryver then called his few witnesses, and Mr. Cruncher had next to attend while Mr. Attorney-General turned the whole suit of clothes Mr. Stryver had fitted on the jury, inside out; showing how Barsad and Cly were even a hundred times better than he had thought them, and the prisoner a hundred times worse.

Lastly, came my Lord himself, turning the suit of clothes, now inside out, now outside in, but on the whole decidedly trimming and shaping them into grave-clothes for the prisoner.

Lastly - sequence, discourse marker

trimming - अलंकरण, अन्य सामग्री, कतरन

And now, the jury turned to consider, and the great flies swarmed again.

swarmed - समूह, झुण्ड, भीड़

Mr. Carton, who had so long sat looking at the ceiling of the court, changed neither his place nor his attitude, even in this excitement. While his learned friend, Mr.

Stryver, massing his papers before him, whispered with those who sat near, and from time to time glanced anxiously at the jury; while all the spectators moved more or less, and grouped themselves anew; while even my Lord himself arose from his seat, and slowly paced up and down his platform, not unattended by a suspicion in the minds of the audience that his state was feverish; this one man sat leaning back, with his torn gown half off him, his untidy wig put on just as it had happened to light on his head after its removal, his hands in his pockets, and his eyes on the ceiling as they had been all day. Something especially reckless in his demeanour, not only gave him a disreputable look, but so diminished the strong resemblance he undoubtedly bore to the prisoner (which his momentary earnestness, when they were compared together, had strengthened), that many of the lookers-on, taking note of him now, said to one another they would hardly have thought the two were so alike. Mr. Cruncher made the observation to his next neighbour, and added, "I'd hold half a guinea that he don't get no law-work to do. Don't look like the sort of one to get any, do he?"

massing - परिमाण, समूह, ढेर, आधिक्य

anxiously - चिंतित होकर, उदवेग से

arose from - से उठा

paced - की अनुमति से, कदम, प्रगति, गति

unattended - उपेक्षित, अकेला, अरक्षित

feverish - उत्तेजित, ज्वरजन्य

leaning - प्रवृत्ति, झुकाव

untidy - मैला, गन्दा

removal - बहिष्कार

reckless - लापरवाह, असावधान, अविचारी

demeanour - आचरण

disreputable - अशोभनीय, बदनाम, अपमान/लज्जाजनक

diminished - कम करना, घटाना, कम हो जाना

Undoubtedly - निश्चित रूप से

earnestness - गंभीरता, ईमानदारी

strengthened - शक्ति बढ़ना, मजबूत करना

alike - एक जैसे, एक समान, समान रूप से

observation - अवलोकन, प्रेक्षण

guinea - गिनी

Yet, this Mr. Carton took in more of the details of the scene than he appeared to take in; for now, when Miss Manette's head dropped upon her father's breast, he was the first to see it, and to say audibly: "Officer! look to that young lady. Help the gentleman to take her out. Don't you see she will fall!"

There was much commiseration for her as she was removed, and much sympathy with her father. It had evidently been a great distress to him, to have the days of his imprisonment recalled. He had shown strong internal agitation when he was questioned, and that pondering or brooding look which made him old, had been upon him, like a heavy cloud, ever since.

commiseration - act of commiserating

distress - दुःख होना, कठिनाई, दुःख होना

As he passed out, the jury, who had turned back and paused a moment, spoke, through their foreman.

paused - विराम, रूकना, ठहराव, रोक, रुकना

foreman - ज्यूरीप्रमुख

They were not agreed, and wished to retire. My Lord (perhaps with George Washington on his mind) showed some surprise that they were not agreed, but signified his pleasure that they should retire under watch and ward, and retired himself. The trial had lasted all day, and the lamps in the court were now being lighted. It began to be rumoured that the jury would be out a long while.

rumoured - गप उड़ाना, चर्चा, अफ़वाह, गप

The spectators dropped off to get refreshment, and the prisoner withdrew to the back of the dock, and sat down.

Mr. Lorry, who had gone out when the young lady and her father went out, now reappeared, and beckoned to Jerry: who, in the slackened interest, could easily get near him.

reappeared - फिर से वापस आना, दुबारा दिखना

"Jerry, if you wish to take something to eat, you can. But, keep in the way. You will be sure to hear when the jury come in. Don't be a moment behind them, for I want you to take the verdict back to the bank. You are the quickest messenger I know, and will get to Temple Bar long before I can."

verdict - निर्णय, फ़ैसला

Jerry had just enough forehead to knuckle, and he knuckled it in acknowledgment of this communication and a shilling. Mr. Carton came up at the moment, and touched Mr. Lorry on the arm.

knuckled - उँगली की गाँठ, टखने का गोश्त

acknowledgment - स्वीकृति, अभिस्वीकृति, पावती

"How is the young lady?"

"She is greatly distressed; but her father is comforting her, and she feels the better for being out of court."

comforting - आराम, सुविधा, सान्त्वना, सुख

"I'll tell the prisoner so. It won't do for a respectable bank gentleman like you, to be seen speaking to him publicly, you know."

Mr. Lorry reddened as if he were conscious of having debated the point in his mind, and Mr. Carton made his way to the outside of the bar. The way out of court lay in that direction, and Jerry followed him, all eyes, ears, and spikes.

reddened - लाल करना या होना, लाल पड़ जाना

debated - सोचना, वाद विवाद करना/बहस करना

"Mr. Darnay!"

The prisoner came forward directly.

"You will naturally be anxious to hear of the witness, Miss Manette. She will do very well. You have seen the worst of her agitation."

be anxious - चिंतित होना

"I am deeply sorry to have been the cause of it. Could you tell her so for me, with my fervent acknowledgments?"

fervent - उत्कट, उत्सुकता भरी

acknowledgments - स्वीकृति, अभिस्वीकृति, पावती

"Yes, I could. I will, if you ask it."

Mr. Carton's manner was so careless as to be almost insolent. He stood, half turned from the prisoner, lounging with his elbow against the bar.

insolent - धृष्ट, अक्खड़, बदतमीज़, उध्दत

lounging - आराम करना, (lounge) आराम करना

"I do ask it. Accept my cordial thanks."

cordial - शिष्ट, अत्यधिक, हार्दिक

"What," said Carton, still only half turned towards him, "do you expect, Mr. Darnay?"

"The worst."

"It's the wisest thing to expect, and the likeliest. But I think their withdrawing is in your favour."

wisest - बुद्धिमान, सूचना देना, विद्वान

withdrawing - हटाना, अलग करना, हटा लेना

Loitering on the way out of court not being allowed, Jerry heard no more: but left them-so like each other in feature, so unlike each other in manner-standing side by side, both reflected in the glass above them.

An hour and a half limped heavily away in the thief-and-rascal crowded passages below, even though assisted off with mutton pies and ale. The hoarse messenger, uncomfortably seated on a form after taking that refection, had dropped into a doze, when a loud murmur and a rapid tide of people setting up the stairs that led to the court, carried him along with them.

limped - लचीला, कठिनाई से आगे बढ पाना

rascal - दुष्ट

mutton - भेड़ का माँस, भेड़ का मांस

pies - खिचड़ी, कचौडी

uncomfortably - परेशानी में, परेशानी में

refection - mental or spiritual refreshment

doze - ऊंघना, झपकी लेना

murmur - बड़बड़ाना, सरसराहट, बड़बड़ाहट

rapid - द्रुतगामी, त्वरित, तत्काल

"Jerry! Jerry!" Mr. Lorry was already calling at the door when he got there.

"Here, sir! It's a fight to get back again. Here I am, sir!"

Mr. Lorry handed him a paper through the throng. "Quick! Have you got it?"

throng - भीड़ लगाना, भीड़, भीड़ करना

"Yes, sir."

Hastily written on the paper was the word "Acquitted."

acquitted - बरी करना, प्रस्तुत करना

"If you had sent the message, 'Recalled to Life,'again," muttered Jerry, as he turned, "I should have known what you meant, this time."

He had no opportunity of saying, or so much as thinking, anything else, until he was clear of the Old Bailey; for, the crowd came pouring out with a vehemence that nearly took him off his legs, and a loud buzz swept into the street as if the baffled blue-flies were dispersing in search of other carrion.

vehemence - प्रचण्डता, प्रचंडता, तीव्रता

swept - फैलना, आसानी से चड़ना, घुमाव

baffled - पर्दा{रुकावट}, रुकावट डालना

dispersing - तितर वितर करना, छितराना

carrion - सड़ा गला माँसअ

Chapter IV. Congratulatory

congratulatory - बधाई का, बधाई का

From the dimly-lighted passages of the court, the last sediment of the human stew that had been boiling there all day, was straining off, when Doctor Manette, Lucie Manette, his daughter, Mr. Lorry, the solicitor for the defence, and its counsel, Mr. Stryver, stood gathered round Mr. Charles Darnay-just released-congratulating him on his escape from death.

sediment - अवसाद, तलछट

stew - पकाना, सिझाना

straining - श्रमसाध्य, (strain)

defence - रक्षा

congratulating - बधाई देना, बधाई देना

It would have been difficult by a far brighter light, to recognise in Doctor Manette, intellectual of face and upright of bearing, the shoemaker of the garret in Paris.

recognise - स्वीकार करना, पहचानना

intellectual - बुद्धिजीवी व्यक्ति, दिमागी

upright - सरल, सीधा, सीधे, खड़ा स्तम्भ

Yet, no one could have looked at him twice, without looking again: even though the opportunity of observation had not extended to the mournful cadence of his low grave voice, and to the abstraction that overclouded him fitfully, without any apparent reason.

mournful - दुःखपूर्ण, दुख भरा

cadence - लय, कैडेन्स, लय ताल, लहज़ा

fitfully - अनियमित ढंग से, व्याकुलता से

While one external cause, and that a reference to his long lingering agony, would always-as on the trial-evoke this condition from the depths of his soul, it was also in its nature to arise of itself, and to draw a gloom over him, as incomprehensible to those unacquainted with his story as if they had seen the shadow of the actual Bastille thrown upon him by a summer sun, when the substance was three hundred miles away.

external - बाहरी, बाह्य

evoke - आह्वान करना, ताज़ा करना

arise - उदय होना, उत्पन्न होना, निकलना

incomprehensible - दुरूह, अबोधगम्य, अबोध्य

unacquainted - अपरिचित, अनभिज्ञ

actual - वास्तविक, सही, चालू, प्रचलित

Bastille - a prison in France

Only his daughter had the power of charming this black brooding from his mind. She was the golden thread that united him to a Past beyond his misery, and to a Present beyond his misery: and the sound of her voice, the light of her face, the touch of her hand, had a strong beneficial influence with him almost always.

charming - रुशील, जादुई, मनोरम, आकर्षक

misery - विपत्ति, दुखअ, दुःख/विपत्ती

beneficial - लाभप्रद, गुणकारक

Not absolutely always, for she could recall some occasions on which her power had failed; but they were few and slight, and she believed them over.

Mr. Darnay had kissed her hand fervently and gratefully, and had turned to Mr. Stryver, whom he warmly thanked. Mr.

fervently - उत्सुकता से, उत्कटतापूर्वक

warmly - उत्साह से, स्नेह से, गरम ढंग से

Stryver, a man of little more than thirty, but looking twenty years older than he was, stout, loud, red, bluff, and free from any drawback of delicacy, had a pushing way of shouldering himself (morally and physically) into companies and conversations, that argued well for his shouldering his way up in life.

bluff - बेतकल्लुफ

drawback - कमी, खामी

delicacy - कौशल, बारीकी, कोमलता

morally - नैतिक रूप से, नैतिक रूप से

physically - शारीरिक रुप से

He still had his wig and gown on, and he said, squaring himself at his late client to that degree that he squeezed the innocent Mr. Lorry clean out of the group: "I am glad to have brought you off with honour, Mr. Darnay. It was an infamous prosecution, grossly infamous; but not the less likely to succeed on that account."

grossly - बुरी तरह से, बुरी तरह से

"You have laid me under an obligation to you for life-in two senses," said his late client, taking his hand.

obligation - दायित्व

"I have done my best for you, Mr. Darnay; and my best is as good as another man's, I believe."

It clearly being incumbent on some one to say, "Much better," Mr. Lorry said it; perhaps not quite disinterestedly, but with the interested object of squeezing himself back again.

disinterestedly - in a disinterested manner

squeezing - दबाव, (squeeze), निचोड़ना

"You think so?" said Mr. Stryver. "Well! you have been present all day, and you ought to know. You are a man of business, too."

been present - उपस्थित होना

"And as such," quoth Mr. Lorry, whom the counsel learned in the law had now shouldered back into the group, just as he had previously shouldered him out of it-"as such I will appeal to Doctor Manette, to break up this conference and order us all to our homes. Miss Lucie looks ill, Mr. Darnay has had a terrible day, we are worn out."

quoth - कोथ

"Speak for yourself, Mr. Lorry," said Stryver; "I have a night's work to do yet. Speak for yourself."

"I speak for myself," answered Mr. Lorry, "and for Mr. Darnay, and for Miss Lucie, and-Miss Lucie, do you not think I may speak for us all?" He asked her the question pointedly, and with a glance at her father.

pointedly - सारगर्भित ढंग से

His face had become frozen, as it were, in a very curious look at Darnay: an intent look, deepening into a frown of dislike and distrust, not even unmixed with fear. With this strange expression on him his thoughts had wandered away.

deepening - गहराना, गहरा हो जाना, गहरा होना

frown - त्यौरी चढा़ना

distrust - धोखा, शंका करना

unmixed - अमिश्रित, अयौगिक

"My father," said Lucie, softly laying her hand on his.

He slowly shook the shadow off, and turned to her.

"Shall we go home, my father?"

With a long breath, he answered "Yes."

The friends of the acquitted prisoner had dispersed, under the impression-which he himself had originated-that he would not be released that night.

originated - उत्पन्न होना, आरम्भ करना

The lights were nearly all extinguished in the passages, the iron gates were being closed with a jar and a rattle, and the dismal place was deserted until to-morrow morning's interest of gallows, pillory, whipping-post, and branding-iron, should repeople it. Walking between her father and Mr. Darnay, Lucie Manette passed into the open air.

extinguished - नष्ट करना, बुझा देना

jar - मर्तबान

repeople - लोग

open air - आउटडोर स्पेस

A hackney-coach was called, and the father and daughter departed in it.

departed - से हटना, प्रस्ठान करना, छूटना

Mr. Stryver had left them in the passages, to shoulder his way back to the robing-room. Another person, who had not joined the group, or interchanged a word with any one of them, but who had been leaning against the wall where its shadow was darkest, had silently strolled out after the rest, and had looked on until the coach drove away. He now stepped up to where Mr. Lorry and Mr.

robing - लुगाई, (rob) लुगाई

interchanged - बदल देना, इंटरचेंज

strolled - टहलना, मंथर गति से चलना

Darnay stood upon the pavement.

"So, Mr. Lorry! Men of business may speak to Mr. Darnay now?"

Nobody had made any acknowledgment of Mr. Carton's part in the day's proceedings; nobody had known of it. He was unrobed, and was none the better for it in appearance.

"If you knew what a conflict goes on in the business mind, when the business mind is divided between good-natured impulse and business appearances, you would be amused, Mr. Darnay."

conflict - संघर्ष, युद्ध, द्वंद्व, विवाद

good-natured - (good-natured) अच्छे स्वभाव

impulse - आवेग

Mr. Lorry reddened, and said, warmly, "You have mentioned that before, sir. We men of business, who serve a House, are not our own masters. We have to think of the House more than ourselves."

masters - मालिक, विशारद, शिक्षक, अधिकारी

"I know, I know," rejoined Mr. Carton, carelessly. "Don't be nettled, Mr. Lorry. You are as good as another, I have no doubt: better, I dare say."

rejoined - प्रत्युत्तर देना, फिर मिलाना

carelessly - लापरवाही से, असावधानतः

nettled - बिच्छू बूटी, बिच्छू का पेड़

dare - साहस करना

"And indeed, sir," pursued Mr. Lorry, not minding him, "I really don't know what you have to do with the matter. If you'll excuse me, as very much your elder, for saying so, I really don't know that it is your business."

pursued - पाने की कोशिश करना, लगे रहना

Excuse - बहाना

"Business! Bless you, I have no business," said Mr. Carton.

"It is a pity you have not, sir."

"I think so, too."

"If you had," pursued Mr. Lorry, "perhaps you would attend to it."

"Lord love you, no!-I shouldn't," said Mr. Carton.

"Well, sir!" cried Mr. Lorry, thoroughly heated by his indifference, "business is a very good thing, and a very respectable thing. And, sir, if business imposes its restraints and its silences and impediments, Mr. Darnay as a young gentleman of generosity knows how to make allowance for that circumstance. Mr. Darnay, good night, God bless you, sir!

thoroughly - पूर्ण, अच्छी तरह से

indifference - उदासीनता, उपेक्षा

imposes - लगाना, थोपना, लागू करना

restraints - संयम, अवरोध, रोक, प्रतिबंध

silences - शांत करना, चुप्पी, निस्तब्धता

impediments - बाधा, हकलाहट, विघ्न

generosity - उदारता

allowance - छूट, भत्ता, वृति

I hope you have been this day preserved for a prosperous and happy life.-Chair there!"

preserved - मुरब्बा, सम्भाल कर रखना

prosperous - समृद्ध, सम्पन्न, खुशहाल, ऋद्ध

Perhaps a little angry with himself, as well as with the barrister, Mr. Lorry bustled into the chair, and was carried off to Tellson's. Carton, who smelt of port wine, and did not appear to be quite sober, laughed then, and turned to Darnay:

barrister - विधी वक्ता/बैरिस्टर, विधिवक्ता

bustled - हलचल

carried off - उठाया गया

port wine - पोर्ट वाइन

sober - गंभीर कर देना, गंभीर, सादा

"This is a strange chance that throws you and me together. This must be a strange night to you, standing alone here with your counterpart on these street stones?"

counterpart - प्रतिरूप, प्रतिस्थानी

"I hardly seem yet," returned Charles Darnay, "to belong to this world again."

"I don't wonder at it; it's not so long since you were pretty far advanced on your way to another. You speak faintly."

"I begin to think I am faint."

"Then why the devil don't you dine? I dined, myself, while those numskulls were deliberating which world you should belong to-this, or some other. Let me show you the nearest tavern to dine well at."

dined - भोजन करना, भोजन करना

deliberating - विचार करना, ध्यानपूर्वक, सावधान

tavern - सराय, शराबखाना, पथिकाश्रम

Drawing his arm through his own, he took him down Ludgate-hill to Fleet-street, and so, up a covered way, into a tavern. Here, they were shown into a little room, where Charles Darnay was soon recruiting his strength with a good plain dinner and good wine: while Carton sat opposite to him at the same table, with his separate bottle of port before him, and his fully half-insolent manner upon him.

recruiting - नया सदस्य

opposite to - विरुद्ध

fully - पूरी तरह

"Do you feel, yet, that you belong to this terrestrial scheme again, Mr. Darnay?"

terrestrial - terrerist

scheme - पद्धति, योजना बनाना, योजना

"I am frightfully confused regarding time and place; but I am so far mended as to feel that."

frightfully - बहुत अधिक, अत्यन्त

regarding - ध्यान, समझना, संबंध, सोचना

mended - ठीक करना, मरम्मत, मरम्मत करना

"It must be an immense satisfaction!"

He said it bitterly, and filled up his glass again: which was a large one.

"As to me, the greatest desire I have, is to forget that I belong to it. It has no good in it for me-except wine like this-nor I for it. So we are not much alike in that particular. Indeed, I begin to think we are not much alike in any particular, you and I."

Confused by the emotion of the day, and feeling his being there with this Double of coarse deportment, to be like a dream, Charles Darnay was at a loss how to answer; finally, answered not at all.

coarse - घटिया, असभ्य, भद्दा, अश्लील

deportment - आचरण, चाल ढाल

"Now your dinner is done," Carton presently said, "why don't you call a health, Mr. Darnay; why don't you give your toast?"

"What health? What toast?"

"Why, it's on the tip of your tongue. It ought to be, it must be, I'll swear it's there."

"Miss Manette, then!"

"Miss Manette, then!"

Looking his companion full in the face while he drank the toast, Carton flung his glass over his shoulder against the wall, where it shivered to pieces; then, rang the bell, and ordered in another.

flung - डालना, धक्का देना

"That's a fair young lady to hand to a coach in the dark, Mr. Darnay!" he said, filling his new goblet.

goblet - जाम

A slight frown and a laconic "Yes," were the answer.

laconic - संक्षिप्त, रूखा, मितभाषी

"That's a fair young lady to be pitied by and wept for by! How does it feel? Is it worth being tried for one's life, to be the object of such sympathy and compassion, Mr. Darnay?"

pitied - दया, खैद का विषय, स्नेह, लज्जा

Again Darnay answered not a word.

"She was mightily pleased to have your message, when I gave it her. Not that she showed she was pleased, but I suppose she was."

mightily - बहुत अधिक, बहुत प्रयत्नपूर्वक

The allusion served as a timely reminder to Darnay that this disagreeable companion had, of his own free will, assisted him in the strait of the day. He turned the dialogue to that point, and thanked him for it.

allusion - संकेत, उल्लेख

timely - समयोचित, ठीक समय पर, सही समय पर

reminder - स्मरण पत्र, तकाज़ा, अनुस्मारक

Strait - जलसंधि, जलसंयोगी, जलडमरू

"I neither want any thanks, nor merit any," was the careless rejoinder. "It was nothing to do, in the first place; and I don't know why I did it, in the second. Mr. Darnay, let me ask you a question."

merit - क़द्र

rejoinder - प्रत्युत्तर

"Willingly, and a small return for your good offices."

"Do you think I particularly like you?"

"Really, Mr. Carton," returned the other, oddly disconcerted, "I have not asked myself the question."

oddly - आश्चर्यजनक रूप से, अजीब तरह से

"But ask yourself the question now."

"You have acted as if you do; but I don't think you do."

"I don't think I do," said Carton. "I begin to have a very good opinion of your understanding."

"Nevertheless," pursued Darnay, rising to ring the bell, "there is nothing in that, I hope, to prevent my calling the reckoning, and our parting without ill-blood on either side."

ring - अंगूठी

reckoning - गणना, अनुमान, हिसाब

Carton rejoining, "Nothing in life!" Darnay rang. "Do you call the whole reckoning?" said Carton. On his answering in the affirmative, "Then bring me another pint of this same wine, drawer, and come and wake me at ten."

rejoining - प्रत्युत्तर देना, फिर मिलाना

affirmative - स्वीकारात्मक, हाँ, सकारात्मक

pint - द्रव्य का एक माप

The bill being paid, Charles Darnay rose and wished him good night. Without returning the wish, Carton rose too, with something of a threat of defiance in his manner, and said, "A last word, Mr. Darnay: you think I am drunk?"

threat - धमकी

"I think you have been drinking, Mr. Carton."

"Think? You know I have been drinking."

"Since I must say so, I know it."

"Then you shall likewise know why. I am a disappointed drudge, sir. I care for no man on earth, and no man on earth cares for me."

drudge - टहलुआ, कड़ी मेहनत करना

"Much to be regretted. You might have used your talents better."

"May be so, Mr. Darnay; may be not. Don't let your sober face elate you, however; you don't know what it may come to. Good night!"

elate - प्रफुल्लित करना[होना]

When he was left alone, this strange being took up a candle, went to a glass that hung against the wall, and surveyed himself minutely in it.

minutely - बारीकी से, सूक्ष्मता

"Do you particularly like the man?" he muttered, at his own image; "why should you particularly like a man who resembles you? There is nothing in you to like; you know that. Ah, confound you! What a change you have made in yourself! A good reason for taking to a man, that he shows you what you have fallen away from, and what you might have been!

resembles - सदृश होना, सदृश होना

confound you - तुम्हें हेरंगाना

Change places with him, and would you have been looked at by those blue eyes as he was, and commiserated by that agitated face as he was? Come on, and have it out in plain words! You hate the fellow."

commiserated - किसी पर दया करना

agitated - उकसाना, हलचल मचाना, हिलाना

He resorted to his pint of wine for consolation, drank it all in a few minutes, and fell asleep on his arms, with his hair straggling over the table, and a long winding-sheet in the candle dripping down upon him.

resorted - आश्रय, शरण, सहारा, शरण लेना

consolation - संतना

straggling - अलग-अलग करना, (straggle) अलग-अलग करना

dripping - माँस तेल, बहुत गीला

Chapter V. The Jackal

jackal - सियार

Those were drinking days, and most men drank hard. So very great is the improvement Time has brought about in such habits, that a moderate statement of the quantity of wine and punch which one man would swallow in the course of a night, without any detriment to his reputation as a perfect gentleman, would seem, in these days, a ridiculous exaggeration.

moderate - औसत दर्जे का, कम, कम होना

Punch - मुक्का

swallow - निगलना, लीलना

detriment - हानि

reputation - प्रतिष्ठा, प्रसिद्धि, नाम, शोहरत

ridiculous - बेतुका, हास्यास्पद

exaggeration - अतिशयोक्ति

The learned profession of the law was certainly not behind any other learned profession in its Bacchanalian propensities; neither was Mr. Stryver, already fast shouldering his way to a large and lucrative practice, behind his compeers in this particular, any more than in the drier parts of the legal race.

bacchanalian - relating to reveling

propensities - प्रवृत्ति, झुकाव

lucrative - लाभकारी, लाभप्रद, लाभकर

A favourite at the Old Bailey, and eke at the Sessions, Mr. Stryver had begun cautiously to hew away the lower staves of the ladder on which he mounted. Sessions and Old Bailey had now to summon their favourite, specially, to their longing arms; and shouldering itself towards the visage of the Lord Chief Justice in the Court of King's Bench, the florid countenance of Mr.

eke - खींच लेना, बढ़ाना

cautiously - सतर्कतापूर्वक

hew - कुल्हाड़ी से काटना

ladder - सीढ़ी

mounted - घोड़ा, आयोजित करना, चढना

Sessions - शैक्षिक सत्र, आत्मा आह्वान बैठक

summon - बुलाना, सम्मान देना

specially - खास तौर पर, विशेष रूप से

visage - चेहरा, मुख मुद्रा, मुख छवि

florid - रक्ताभ, आलंकारिक, ललमुहाँ

Stryver might be daily seen, bursting out of the bed of wigs, like a great sunflower pushing its way at the sun from among a rank garden-full of flaring companions.

sunflower - सूर्यमुखी, सूरजमुखी

rank - ओहदा

flaring - धधकना, फैल जाना, फैला हुआ होना

It had once been noted at the Bar, that while Mr. Stryver was a glib man, and an unscrupulous, and a ready, and a bold, he had not that faculty of extracting the essence from a heap of statements, which is among the most striking and necessary of the advocate's accomplishments. But, a remarkable improvement came upon him as to this.

glib - चिकनी चुपड़ी बातें करने वाला

unscrupulous - अनैतिक

faculty - शक्ति, संकाय, योग्यता, क्षमता

extracting - निकालना, सार, अवतरण

essence - ज़ात

advocate - समर्थन करना, वकील, अधिवक्ता

accomplishments - समापन, कार्यसिद्धि, कौशल

The more business he got, the greater his power seemed to grow of getting at its pith and marrow; and however late at night he sat carousing with Sydney Carton, he always had his points at his fingers'ends in the morning.

pith - मज्जा, गुदा

marrow - मज्जा

carousing - शराब का दौर चलाना

Sydney - सिडनी

Sydney Carton, idlest and most unpromising of men, was Stryver's great ally. What the two drank together, between Hilary Term and Michaelmas, might have floated a king's ship.

idlest - निष्क्रिय, व्यर्थ, आलसी

unpromising - निराशाजनक

ally - गठबंधन करना

Michaelmas - संत माईकल की याद में बड़ा दिन

floated - धारा के साथ बहना, प्रवहमान रहना

Stryver never had a case in hand, anywhere, but Carton was there, with his hands in his pockets, staring at the ceiling of the court; they went the same Circuit, and even there they prolonged their usual orgies late into the night, and Carton was rumoured to be seen at broad day, going home stealthily and unsteadily to his lodgings, like a dissipated cat.

circuit - परिपथ

prolonged - लम्बा या दीर्घ करना, बढा देना

orgies - आधिक्य, अतिरेक, व्यभिचार

stealthily - छिप कर

unsteadily - लड़खड़ाता हुआ, अस्थिरता से

dissipated - दूर करना, दूर करना

At last, it began to get about, among such as were interested in the matter, that although Sydney Carton would never be a lion, he was an amazingly good jackal, and that he rendered suit and service to Stryver in that humble capacity.

amazingly - आश्चर्यजनक रूप से

humble - नम्र, विनीत, सीधा सादा

"Ten o'clock, sir," said the man at the tavern, whom he had charged to wake him-"ten o'clock, sir."

"What's the matter?"

"Ten o'clock, sir."

"What do you mean? Ten o'clock at night?"

"Yes, sir. Your honour told me to call you."

"Oh! I remember. Very well, very well."

After a few dull efforts to get to sleep again, which the man dexterously combated by stirring the fire continuously for five minutes, he got up, tossed his hat on, and walked out. He turned into the Temple, and, having revived himself by twice pacing the pavements of King's Bench-walk and Paper-buildings, turned into the Stryver chambers.

dexterously - दक्षतापूर्वक

combated - विरोध करना, युद्ध, युद्ध करना

stirring - उत्तेजक, फिंटाई, हरकत

continuously - लगातार

revived - पुनः उत्पन्न करना

pacing - की अनुमति से, कदम, प्रगति, गति

pavements - पटरी, छज्जा, फर्श

buildings - भवन, निर्माण, भवन निर्माण, कोठी

chambers - सभा, सदन, कमरा, कचहरी, कोठरी

The Stryver clerk, who never assisted at these conferences, had gone home, and the Stryver principal opened the door. He had his slippers on, and a loose bed-gown, and his throat was bare for his greater ease.

principal - प्रधानाचार्य

slippers - हवाई चप्पल, स्लीपर, फिसलने वाला

He had that rather wild, strained, seared marking about the eyes, which may be observed in all free livers of his class, from the portrait of Jeffries downward, and which can be traced, under various disguises of Art, through the portraits of every Drinking Age.

seared - सूखा, झुलसाना, दुख पहुँचाना

livers - जिगर, लीवर, यकृत, कलेजा

downward - नीचे की ओर, नीचे की ओर का

traced - सुराग, संकेत, अवशेष, कुछ, निशान

disguises - भेष बदलना, छिपाना, वेष बदलन्

"You are a little late, Memory," said Stryver.

"About the usual time; it may be a quarter of an hour later."

They went into a dingy room lined with books and littered with papers, where there was a blazing fire. A kettle steamed upon the hob, and in the midst of the wreck of papers a table shone, with plenty of wine upon it, and brandy, and rum, and sugar, and lemons.

dingy - काला और गन्दा

littered - गंदगी, बिखेरना, पालकी

kettle - केतली

hob - घुंडी

brandy - ब्रांडी, ब्राण्डी

rum - शराब

"You have had your bottle, I perceive, Sydney."

perceive - अर्थ लगाना, देखना, महसूस करना

"Two to-night, I think. I have been dining with the day's client; or seeing him dine-it's all one!"

dining - हो हल्ला, शोरगुल, शोरगुल करना

dine - भोजन करना, भोजन करना

"That was a rare point, Sydney, that you brought to bear upon the identification. How did you come by it? When did it strike you?"

identification - पहचान, समीकर, identity

"I thought he was rather a handsome fellow, and I thought I should have been much the same sort of fellow, if I had had any luck."

Mr. Stryver laughed till he shook his precocious paunch.

precocious - अकालप्रौढ़, अकालपुष्पित

paunch - तोंद

"You and your luck, Sydney! Get to work, get to work."

Sullenly enough, the jackal loosened his dress, went into an adjoining room, and came back with a large jug of cold water, a basin, and a towel or two. Steeping the towels in the water, and partially wringing them out, he folded them on his head in a manner hideous to behold, sat down at the table, and said, "Now I am ready!"

sullenly - मुँह फुलाए

loosened - ढीला करना

adjoining room - आसन्न कमरा

jug - सुराही

basin - नदी की घाटी, चिलमची

Steeping - अत्यधिक, बेतुका, भिगोना

partially - आधो-आध r=ādho-ādh

wringing - करना, (wring) करना

"Not much boiling down to be done to-night, Memory," said Mr. Stryver, gaily, as he looked among his papers.

boiling down - संकुचन

gaily - आकर्षक ढंग से, लापरवाही से

"How much?"

"Only two sets of them."

"Give me the worst first."

"There they are, Sydney. Fire away!"

Fire away - चलो शुरू करो

The lion then composed himself on his back on a sofa on one side of the drinking-table, while the jackal sat at his own paper-bestrewn table proper, on the other side of it, with the bottles and glasses ready to his hand.

Both resorted to the drinking-table without stint, but each in a different way; the lion for the most part reclining with his hands in his waistband, looking at the fire, or occasionally flirting with some lighter document; the jackal, with knitted brows and intent face, so deep in his task, that his eyes did not even follow the hand he stretched out for his glass-which often groped about, for a minute or more, before it found the glass for his lips. Two or three times, the matter in hand became so knotty, that the jackal found it imperative on him to get up, and steep his towels anew. From these pilgrimages to the jug and basin, he returned with such eccentricities of damp headgear as no words can describe; which were made the more ludicrous by his anxious gravity.

stint - टिटहरी, काम करने का समय

reclining - झुकना

waistband - कमरबंद, कमरपेटी, कमरबन्द

flirting - फ्लर्टिंग, (flirt) फ्लर्टिंग

groped - टटोलना, ज़बर्दस्ती छूना

knotty - जटिल, गाँठदार, पेचीदा

imperative - अनिवार्य, अत्यावश्यक, आदेशसूचक

pilgrimages - श्रद्धायात्रा, तीर्थस्थान

eccentricities - पागलपन, सनक, उत्केन्द्रता

headgear - सिर की टोपी, शिरोवस्ट्र

ludicrous - बेतुका, हास्यास्पद, उपहासपूर्ण

At length the jackal had got together a compact repast for the lion, and proceeded to offer it to him. The lion took it with care and caution, made his selections from it, and his remarks upon it, and the jackal assisted both. When the repast was fully discussed, the lion put his hands in his waistband again, and lay down to meditate.

repast - भोज

caution - सावधानी

selections - चुनाव, चयन, संकलन

remarks - करना, ध्यान, प्रतिक्रिया

meditate - मनन करना, ध्यान देना

The jackal then invigorated himself with a bumper for his throttle, and a fresh application to his head, and applied himself to the collection of a second meal; this was administered to the lion in the same manner, and was not disposed of until the clocks struck three in the morning.

invigorated - बलवर्धन करना, पुष्ट करना

bumper - बम्पर

throttle - नलीवाल्व

administered - करना, देना, व्यवस्था करना

"And now we have done, Sydney, fill a bumper of punch," said Mr. Stryver.

The jackal removed the towels from his head, which had been steaming again, shook himself, yawned, shivered, and complied.

yawned - फैल जाना, जम्हाई, उबासी

complied - पालन करना, स्वीकार करना

"You were very sound, Sydney, in the matter of those crown witnesses to-day. Every question told."

"I always am sound; am I not?"

"I don't gainsay it. What has roughened your temper? Put some punch to it and smooth it again."

gainsay - चुनौती देना, ईन्कार करना

With a deprecatory grunt, the jackal again complied.

grunt - घुरघुराना, भुनभुनाना

"The old Sydney Carton of old Shrewsbury School," said Stryver, nodding his head over him as he reviewed him in the present and the past, "the old seesaw Sydney. Up one minute and down the next; now in spirits and now in despondency!"

nodding - हँसते हुए, (nod) हँसते हुए

seesaw - structure moving up and down

despondency - निराशा

"Ah!" returned the other, sighing: "yes! The same Sydney, with the same luck. Even then, I did exercises for other boys, and seldom did my own."

sighing - साँस लेना, तरसना, आह भरना

"And why not?"

"God knows. It was my way, I suppose."

He sat, with his hands in his pockets and his legs stretched out before him, looking at the fire.

"Carton," said his friend, squaring himself at him with a bullying air, as if the fire-grate had been the furnace in which sustained endeavour was forged, and the one delicate thing to be done for the old Sydney Carton of old Shrewsbury School was to shoulder him into it, "your way is, and always was, a lame way. You summon no energy and purpose. Look at me."

bullying - धमकाना, शानदार, धौंस देना

grate - झंझरी

furnace - भट्टी

sustained - खाना, उठाना, शक्ति देना

endeavour - प्रयत्न करना

forged - ढालना, विकसित करना

"Oh, botheration!" returned Sydney, with a lighter and more good-humoured laugh, "don't you be moral!"

botheration - तकलीफ

humoured - हास्य, शक्तिअ, हास्यकला

"How have I done what I have done?" said Stryver; "how do I do what I do?"

"Partly through paying me to help you, I suppose. But it's not worth your while to apostrophise me, or the air, about it; what you want to do, you do. You were always in the front rank, and I was always behind."

partly - कुछ हद तक, कुछ कुछ

apostrophise - अपोस्ट्रोफाइज

"I had to get into the front rank; I was not born there, was I?"

"I was not present at the ceremony; but my opinion is you were," said Carton. At this, he laughed again, and they both laughed.

"Before Shrewsbury, and at Shrewsbury, and ever since Shrewsbury," pursued Carton, "you have fallen into your rank, and I have fallen into mine. Even when we were fellow-students in the Student-Quarter of Paris, picking up French, and French law, and other French crumbs that we didn't get much good of, you were always somewhere, and I was always nowhere."

fellow-students - (fellow-students) सहपाठियों

crumbs - मुर्गे के क्रम्ब्स, (crumb) मुर्गे के क्रम्ब्स

"And whose fault was that?"

"Upon my soul, I am not sure that it was not yours. You were always driving and riving and shouldering and passing, to that restless degree that I had no chance for my life but in rust and repose. It's a gloomy thing, however, to talk about one's own past, with the day breaking. Turn me in some other direction before I go."

"Well then! Pledge me to the pretty witness," said Stryver, holding up his glass. "Are you turned in a pleasant direction?"

pledge - वचन, वादा करना, वादा करना

Apparently not, for he became gloomy again.

"Pretty witness," he muttered, looking down into his glass. "I have had enough of witnesses to-day and to-night; who's your pretty witness?"

"The picturesque doctor's daughter, Miss Manette."

picturesque - सुरम्य, चित्रवत सुंदर

"She pretty?"

"Is she not?"


"Why, Man alive, she was the admiration of the whole Court!"

Man alive - जीवन साक्षी

admiration - तारीफ़, सफत, उपमा

"Rot the admiration of the whole Court! Who made the Old Bailey a judge of beauty? She was a golden-haired doll!"

rot - सड़ाना, सड़ना

doll - गुड़िया

"Do you know, Sydney," said Mr. Stryver, looking at him with sharp eyes, and slowly drawing a hand across his florid face: "do you know, I rather thought, at the time, that you sympathised with the golden-haired doll, and were quick to see what happened to the golden-haired doll?"

sharp eyes - तीखे आंखे

sympathised - समर्थन करना, सहानुभूति रखना

"Quick to see what happened! If a girl, doll or no doll, swoons within a yard or two of a man's nose, he can see it without a perspective-glass. I pledge you, but I deny the beauty. And now I'll have no more drink; I'll get to bed."

swoons - आहें भरना, बेहोश हो जाना

perspective - दृष्टिकोण, दृश्य, यथार्थ

deny - अस्वीकार करना

When his host followed him out on the staircase with a candle, to light him down the stairs, the day was coldly looking in through its grimy windows. When he got out of the house, the air was cold and sad, the dull sky overcast, the river dark and dim, the whole scene like a lifeless desert.

coldly - रुखाई से, बिना उत्साह के

grimy - मैला

overcast - आच्छादित

lifeless - नीरस, जड़, निर्जीव, बेजान

And wreaths of dust were spinning round and round before the morning blast, as if the desert-sand had risen far away, and the first spray of it in its advance had begun to overwhelm the city.

spinning round - घुमना

blast - तेज झोंका

spray - फुहार

overwhelm - पराजित करना, वश में करना

Waste forces within him, and a desert all around, this man stood still on his way across a silent terrace, and saw for a moment, lying in the wilderness before him, a mirage of honourable ambition, self-denial, and perseverance.

terrace - बरामदा

mirage - मरीचिका

honourable - माननीय, माननीय/सम्माननीय

denial - इंकार, निषेध, परित्याग

perseverance - अध्यवसाय, निरन्तर प्रयत्न/दृढता

In the fair city of this vision, there were airy galleries from which the loves and graces looked upon him, gardens in which the fruits of life hung ripening, waters of Hope that sparkled in his sight. A moment, and it was gone. Climbing to a high chamber in a well of houses, he threw himself down in his clothes on a neglected bed, and its pillow was wet with wasted tears.

vision - दृष्टि, नज़र

airy - हवादार, लापरवाह, रमणीय

graces - तौर तरीका, (grace), अदा

ripening - process, (ripen) process

sparkled - चमक, जोश, चमकना, जीवंतता

neglected - उपेक्षा करना, लापरवाही, उपेक्षा

pillow - सिरहाना, शिरोपधान

Sadly, sadly, the sun rose; it rose upon no sadder sight than the man of good abilities and good emotions, incapable of their directed exercise, incapable of his own help and his own happiness, sensible of the blight on him, and resigning himself to let it eat him away.

incapable - अक्षम, अयोग्य, असमर्थ

blight - विनाश करना, अभिशाप

resigning - इस्तीफा देना, सुपुर्द करना

Chapter VI. Hundreds of People

The quiet lodgings of Doctor Manette were in a quiet street-corner not far from Soho-square. On the afternoon of a certain fine Sunday when the waves of four months had rolled over the trial for treason, and carried it, as to the public interest and memory, far out to sea, Mr. Jarvis Lorry walked along the sunny streets from Clerkenwell where he lived, on his way to dine with the Doctor.

sunny - धूपदार, आफताबी

After several relapses into business-absorption, Mr. Lorry had become the Doctor's friend, and the quiet street-corner was the sunny part of his life.

relapses - पुनः पतन होना, पुनः पतन

On this certain fine Sunday, Mr. Lorry walked towards Soho, early in the afternoon, for three reasons of habit.

Firstly, because, on fine Sundays, he often walked out, before dinner, with the Doctor and Lucie; secondly, because, on unfavourable Sundays, he was accustomed to be with them as the family friend, talking, reading, looking out of window, and generally getting through the day; thirdly, because he happened to have his own little shrewd doubts to solve, and knew how the ways of the Doctor's household pointed to that time as a likely time for solving them.

unfavourable - अशुभ, प्रतिकूल, नकारात्मक

thirdly - तीसरा

shrewd - समझदार, धूर्त, चतुर

household - परिवार

A quainter corner than the corner where the Doctor lived, was not to be found in London. There was no way through it, and the front windows of the Doctor's lodgings commanded a pleasant little vista of street that had a congenial air of retirement on it.

quainter - निराला, अनोखा, विलक्षण, असाधारण

commanded - पाना, प्राप्त करना, देना, संकेत

vista - परिदृश्य, वीथी

congenial - अनुकूल, अनुरूपता, अनुकूल/सुखद

retirement - सेवा निवृत्ति, सेवानिवृत्ति

There were few buildings then, north of the Oxford-road, and forest-trees flourished, and wild flowers grew, and the hawthorn blossomed, in the now vanished fields.

Oxford - city, dictionary

flourished - अलंकरण, हाव भाव से

hawthorn - नागफनी

blossomed - फूलना/खिलना/समृद्ध होना/फलना

vanished - ओझल हो जाना, समाप्त हो जाना

As a consequence, country airs circulated in Soho with vigorous freedom, instead of languishing into the parish like stray paupers without a settlement; and there was many a good south wall, not far off, on which the peaches ripened in their season.

circulated - फैलना, फैलाना, घूमना, भेजना

vigorous - सशक्त, प्रबल, ओजपूर्ण, ओजस्वी

parish - चर्च

stray - भ्रमण करना, विषय से हट जाना

paupers - दरिद्र, कंगाल, अकिंचन, मंगता

settlement - निपटारा, समझौता, भुगतान, बस्ती

peaches - आकर्षक व्यक्ति

ripened - पकाना, पकना

The summer light struck into the corner brilliantly in the earlier part of the day; but, when the streets grew hot, the corner was in shadow, though not in shadow so remote but that you could see beyond it into a glare of brightness. It was a cool spot, staid but cheerful, a wonderful place for echoes, and a very harbour from the raging streets.

brilliantly - प्रतिभाशाली ढंग से

brightness - चमक

Echoes - हाँ में हाँ मिलाना, गूँज

raging - छेड़ छाड़ करना, घटिया समाचारपत्र

There ought to have been a tranquil bark in such an anchorage, and there was. The Doctor occupied two floors of a large stiff house, where several callings purported to be pursued by day, but whereof little was audible any day, and which was shunned by all of them at night.

tranquil - शांत, प्रशान्त, प्रशांत, असंभ्रम

bark - भों-भों की आवाज

anchorage - लंगरगाह, लंगर डालने का स्थान

callings - आजीविका, व्यवसाय, जीवन वृत्ति

purported - दावा करना, अभिप्राय, अर्थ

whereof - of what, of which, of whom

audible - कर्णगोचर, श्रव्य

shunned - निकाल देना, से दूर रहना, बचना

In a building at the back, attainable by a courtyard where a plane-tree rustled its green leaves, church-organs claimed to be made, and silver to be chased, and likewise gold to be beaten by some mysterious giant who had a golden arm starting out of the wall of the front hall-as if he had beaten himself precious, and menaced a similar conversion of all visitors.

attainable - साध्य

organs - संस्थान, प्रकाशन, बाजा, पत्रिका

chased - आखेट, पाना, लंबी दौड़, भगाना

menaced - हानिकारक, धमकी

conversion - परिवर्तन, सुधार, रूपांतरण

Very little of these trades, or of a lonely lodger rumoured to live up-stairs, or of a dim coach-trimming maker asserted to have a counting-house below, was ever heard or seen. Occasionally, a stray workman putting his coat on, traversed the hall, or a stranger peered about there, or a distant clink was heard across the courtyard, or a thump from the golden giant.

lodger - आवासी

asserted - दिखाना, जोर देना

peered - देखना, ताकना, जोड़, सामंत

clink - टन-टन की आवाज

thump - धमाके की आवाज़ करना, थपथपाना

These, however, were only the exceptions required to prove the rule that the sparrows in the plane-tree behind the house, and the echoes in the corner before it, had their own way from Sunday morning unto Saturday night.

exceptions - अपवाद

sparrows - एक प्रकार की छोटी चिड़िया, गौरैया

unto - तक

Doctor Manette received such patients here as his old reputation, and its revival in the floating whispers of his story, brought him. His scientific knowledge, and his vigilance and skill in conducting ingenious experiments, brought him otherwise into moderate request, and he earned as much as he wanted.

revival - पुनः प्रदर्शन, पुनरुत्थान

floating - अस्थिर, यायावर, तैरने वाला

whispers - काना फूसी, कानाफूसी, सरसराहट

vigilance - सतर्कता, दक्षता, सावधानी

conducting - चलाना, आचरण, संचालन करना

ingenious - शानदार, प्रवीण, विदग्ध

These things were within Mr. Jarvis Lorry's knowledge, thoughts, and notice, when he rang the door-bell of the tranquil house in the corner, on the fine Sunday afternoon.

"Doctor Manette at home?"

Expected home.

"Miss Lucie at home?"

Expected home.

"Miss Pross at home?"

Pross - प्रोस

Possibly at home, but of a certainty impossible for handmaid to anticipate intentions of Miss Pross, as to admission or denial of the fact.

certainty - यक़ीन, निश्चय

handmaid - नौकरानी

anticipate - करना, सोच रखना, उम्मीद करना

admission - स्वीकृति, दाखिला, पैठ, प्रवेश

"As I am at home myself," said Mr. Lorry, "I'll go upstairs."

Although the Doctor's daughter had known nothing of the country of her birth, she appeared to have innately derived from it that ability to make much of little means, which is one of its most useful and most agreeable characteristics. Simple as the furniture was, it was set off by so many little adornments, of no value but for their taste and fancy, that its effect was delightful.

innately - स्वाभाविक रूप से, सहज रूप से

derived - उत्पन्न होना, प्राप्त करना

agreeable - रजामंद

characteristics - विशिष्ट लक्षण, लक्षण, विशिष्टता

adornments - अलंकरण, अलंकार, आभूषण, अलंकृति

delightful - दिलचस्प, सुहाना, आनंदप्रद

The disposition of everything in the rooms, from the largest object to the least; the arrangement of colours, the elegant variety and contrast obtained by thrift in trifles, by delicate hands, clear eyes, and good sense; were at once so pleasant in themselves, and so expressive of their originator, that, as Mr.

elegant - सुन्दर, सहज, सुरुचिपूर्ण

thrift - किफ़ायत, मितव्ययिता, थ्रिफ़्ट

trifles - क्षुद्र धनराशि, छोटी सी बात

originator - प्रवर्तक, आरंभक, जन्मदाता

Lorry stood looking about him, the very chairs and tables seemed to ask him, with something of that peculiar expression which he knew so well by this time, whether he approved?

peculiar - अजीब, अजीबो-गरीब

approved - स्वीकार करना, पसन्द करना

There were three rooms on a floor, and, the doors by which they communicated being put open that the air might pass freely through them all, Mr. Lorry, smilingly observant of that fanciful resemblance which he detected all around him, walked from one to another.

freely - स्वतंत्रतापूर्वक

smilingly - मुस्कुराते हुए

observant - चौकस, अनुपालक

fanciful - विलक्षण, मौजी, काल्पनिक

detected - पता लगाना, पता लगाना, पकड़ना

The first was the best room, and in it were Lucie's birds, and flowers, and books, and desk, and work-table, and box of water-c