David Copperfield with English-French Dictionary by Charles Dickens (online free books)

David Copperfield avec un dictionnaire anglais-français pratique (best ebooks to read)

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David Copperfield Text

David - david

Charles - charles


Whether I shall turn out to be the hero of my own life, or whether that station will be held by anybody else, these pages must show. To begin my life with the beginning of my life, I record that I was born (as I have been informed and believe) on a Friday, at twelve o'clock at night. It was remarked that the clock began to strike, and I began to cry, simultaneously.

simultaneously - simultanément

In consideration of the day and hour of my birth, it was declared by the nurse, and by some sage women in the neighbourhood who had taken a lively interest in me several months before there was any possibility of our becoming personally acquainted, first, that I was destined to be unlucky in life; and secondly, that I was privileged to see ghosts and spirits; both these gifts inevitably attaching, as they believed, to all unlucky infants of either gender, born towards the small hours on a Friday night.

sage - sage, sauge, sensé

unlucky - malchanceux, poissard

privileged - privilégiée, privilege, privilégier

infants - les nourrissons, nourrisson, enfant en bas âge, poupon

I need say nothing here, on the first head, because nothing can show better than my history whether that prediction was verified or falsified by the result. On the second branch of the question, I will only remark, that unless I ran through that part of my inheritance while I was still a baby, I have not come into it yet.

verified - vérifié, vérifier

falsified - falsifié, falsifier

inheritance - l'héritage, héritage

But I do not at all complain of having been kept out of this property; and if anybody else should be in the present enjoyment of it, he is heartily welcome to keep it.

enjoyment - jouissance, plaisir

heartily - chaleureusement

I was born with a caul, which was advertised for sale, in the newspapers, at the low price of fifteen guineas.

caul - caul, coiffe, crépine, coiffe céphalique

guineas - guinées, Guinée

Whether sea-going people were short of money about that time, or were short of faith and preferred cork jackets, I don't know; all I know is, that there was but one solitary bidding, and that was from an attorney connected with the bill-broking business, who offered two pounds in cash, and the balance in sherry, but declined to be guaranteed from drowning on any higher bargain.

solitary - solitaire, seul, un a un

attorney - juriste, avocat, avocate, mandataire

broking - le courtage

offered - proposé, offrir, proposer

sherry - sherry, xéres, jerez, verre de xéres, verre de jerez

drowning - la noyade, noyade, (drown), noyer, checksubmerger

Consequently the advertisement was withdrawn at a dead loss"for as to sherry, my poor dear mother's own sherry was in the market then"and ten years afterwards, the caul was put up in a raffle down in our part of the country, to fifty members at half-a-crown a head, the winner to spend five shillings.

dead loss - perte seche

raffle - tirage au sort, tombola

crown - couronne, couronner

shillings - shillings, shilling

I was present myself, and I remember to have felt quite uncomfortable and confused, at a part of myself being disposed of in that way.

disposed - disposé, débarrasser

The caul was won, I recollect, by an old lady with a hand-basket, who, very reluctantly, produced from it the stipulated five shillings, all in halfpence, and twopence halfpenny short"as it took an immense time and a great waste of arithmetic, to endeavour without any effect to prove to her.

recollect - se souvenir, se ressaisir

reluctantly - a contrecour

stipulated - stipulée, stipuler

halfpence - demi-pence

Twopence - deux pence

halfpenny - un demi-penny, demienny

immense - immense

Arithmetic - l'arithmétique, arithmétique, d'arithmétique

endeavour - l'effort, peiner

It is a fact which will be long remembered as remarkable down there, that she was never drowned, but died triumphantly in bed, at ninety-two.

drowned - noyé, noyer

I have understood that it was, to the last, her proudest boast, that she never had been on the water in her life, except upon a bridge; and that over her tea (to which she was extremely partial) she, to the last, expressed her indignation at the impiety of mariners and others, who had the presumption to go 'meandering'about the world.

boast - se vanter, vantent, vantez, vantons, fanfaronner, vanter

partial - partiel, partial

indignation - l'indignation, indignation

Impiety - impiété

mariners - marins, marin

presumption - présomption

meandering - des méandres, méandreux, (meander), méandre, méandrer

It was in vain to represent to her that some conveniences, tea perhaps included, resulted from this objectionable practice. She always returned, with greater emphasis and with an instinctive knowledge of the strength of her objection, 'Let us have no meandering.'

vain - vaine, rench: vaniteux, frivole, vain, futile

objectionable - répréhensible

instinctive - instinctif

Not to meander myself, at present, I will go back to my birth.

meander - méandre, méandrer

I was born at Blunderstone, in Suffolk, or 'there by', as they say in Scotland. I was a posthumous child. My father's eyes had closed upon the light of this world six months, when mine opened on it.

Suffolk - Suffolk

Scotland - l'ecosse, Écosse

posthumous - a titre posthume

There is something strange to me, even now, in the reflection that he never saw me; and something stranger yet in the shadowy remembrance that I have of my first childish associations with his white grave-stone in the churchyard, and of the indefinable compassion I used to feel for it lying out alone there in the dark night, when our little parlour was warm and bright with fire and candle, and the doors of our house were"almost cruelly, it seemed to me sometimes"bolted and locked against it.

reflection - réflexion, reflet, eaning 4

shadowy - ombrageux, sombre

childish - enfantin, puéril, gamin

grave - tombe

indefinable - indéfinissable

compassion - la compassion, compassion

parlour - salon

cruelly - cruellement

bolted - boulonné, verrou

An aunt of my father's, and consequently a great-aunt of mine, of whom I shall have more to relate by and by, was the principal magnate of our family.

magnate - magnat

Miss Trotwood, or Miss Betsey, as my poor mother always called her, when she sufficiently overcame her dread of this formidable personage to mention her at all (which was seldom), had been married to a husband younger than herself, who was very handsome, except in the sense of the homely adage, 'handsome is, that handsome does'"for he was strongly suspected of having beaten Miss Betsey, and even of having once, on a disputed question of supplies, made some hasty but determined arrangements to throw her out of a two pair of stairs'window. These evidences of an incompatibility of temper induced Miss Betsey to pay him off, and effect a separation by mutual consent. He went to India with his capital, and there, according to a wild legend in our family, he was once seen riding on an elephant, in company with a Baboon; but I think it must have been a Baboo"or a Begum. Anyhow, from India tidings of his death reached home, within ten years. How they affected my aunt, nobody knew; for immediately upon the separation, she took her maiden name again, bought a cottage in a hamlet on the sea-coast a long way off, established herself there as a single woman with one servant, and was understood to live secluded, ever afterwards, in an inflexible retirement.

dread - peur, redouter, craindre, crainte

formidable - formidable

personage - personnage

seldom - rarement

handsome - beau

disputed - contestée, dispute, litige, discuter, argumenter

hasty - hâtive, hâtif

incompatibility - incompatibilité

temper - caractere, tempérament, humeur, état d'esprit, recuit

induced - induite, induire

separation - la séparation, séparation

mutual - mutuelle, mutuel

consent - consentir, approuver, agréer, consentement, approbation

India - l'inde, Inde

baboon - babouin

anyhow - d'une maniere ou d'une autre, de toute maniere

tidings - des nouvelles, nouvelle

maiden - jeune fille, jeune femme, demoiselle, pucelle, vierge

hamlet - hameau

sea-coast - (sea-coast) côte de la mer

inflexible - inflexible

My father had once been a favourite of hers, I believe; but she was mortally affronted by his marriage, on the ground that my mother was 'a wax doll'. She had never seen my mother, but she knew her to be not yet twenty. My father and Miss Betsey never met again. He was double my mother's age when he married, and of but a delicate constitution.

mortally - mortellement

affronted - offensée, défier, jeter le gant, envoyer un cartel

wax - la cire, cirons, cirez, cire, cirer, cirent

doll - poupée, marionnette, guignol

met again - rencontré a nouveau

delicate - délicate, délicat, délicat (1, 2)

constitution - constitution

He died a year afterwards, and, as I have said, six months before I came into the world.

This was the state of matters, on the afternoon of, what I may be excused for calling, that eventful and important Friday. I can make no claim therefore to have known, at that time, how matters stood; or to have any remembrance, founded on the evidence of my own senses, of what follows.

eventful - mouvementé

My mother was sitting by the fire, but poorly in health, and very low in spirits, looking at it through her tears, and desponding heavily about herself and the fatherless little stranger, who was already welcomed by some grosses of prophetic pins, in a drawer upstairs, to a world not at all excited on the subject of his arrival; my mother, I say, was sitting by the fire, that bright, windy March afternoon, very timid and sad, and very doubtful of ever coming alive out of the trial that was before her, when, lifting her eyes as she dried them, to the window opposite, she saw a strange lady coming up the garden.

poorly - médiocre

desponding - découragé, (despond), se décourager

grosses - les recettes, brut, dégoutant, dégueulasse, grossier, grossiere

prophetic - prophétique

drawer - tiroir, souscripteur

windy - éventé

timid - timide, craintif

doubtful - douteux, douteuse

My mother had a sure foreboding at the second glance, that it was Miss Betsey. The setting sun was glowing on the strange lady, over the garden-fence, and she came walking up to the door with a fell rigidity of figure and composure of countenance that could have belonged to nobody else.

foreboding - un pressentiment, mauvais pressentiment, (forebode) un pressentiment

glance - regard, jeter un coup d’oil

glowing - rayonnante, briller, luire, irradier, lueur

garden-fence - (garden-fence) clôture de jardin

rigidity - la rigidité, rigidité, raideur

composure - le sang-froid, calme, quiétude

countenance - visage, approuver

When she reached the house, she gave another proof of her identity. My father had often hinted that she seldom conducted herself like any ordinary Christian; and now, instead of ringing the bell, she came and looked in at that identical window, pressing the end of her nose against the glass to that extent, that my poor dear mother used to say it became perfectly flat and white in a moment.

hinted - a fait allusion, indication, soupçon, faire allusion

Christian - chrétien, chrétienne, Christian

She gave my mother such a turn, that I have always been convinced I am indebted to Miss Betsey for having been born on a Friday.

indebted - endetté

My mother had left her chair in her agitation, and gone behind it in the corner. Miss Betsey, looking round the room, slowly and inquiringly, began on the other side, and carried her eyes on, like a Saracen's Head in a Dutch clock, until they reached my mother. Then she made a frown and a gesture to my mother, like one who was accustomed to be obeyed, to come and open the door. My mother went.

agitation - l'agitation, agitation

inquiringly - avec curiosité

Saracen - sarrasins, Sarrazin, Sarrasin

Dutch - néerlandais, hollandais

frown - froncer les sourcils

accustomed - habitué, accoutumer

'Mrs. David Copperfield, I think,'said Miss Betsey; the emphasis referring, perhaps, to my mother's mourning weeds, and her condition.

mourning - le deuil, deuil, (mourn), déplorer, porter le deuil

weeds - les mauvaises herbes, (weed) les mauvaises herbes

'Yes,'said my mother, faintly.

faintly - faiblement

'Miss Trotwood,'said the visitor. 'You have heard of her, I dare say?'

My mother answered she had had that pleasure. And she had a disagreeable consciousness of not appearing to imply that it had been an overpowering pleasure.

disagreeable - incompatible, désagréable

consciousness - la conscience, conscience

overpowering - surpuissant, soumettre

'Now you see her,'said Miss Betsey. My mother bent her head, and begged her to walk in.

They went into the parlour my mother had come from, the fire in the best room on the other side of the passage not being lighted"not having been lighted, indeed, since my father's funeral; and when they were both seated, and Miss Betsey said nothing, my mother, after vainly trying to restrain herself, began to cry. 'Oh tut, tut, tut!'said Miss Betsey, in a hurry. 'Don't do that! Come, come!'

funeral - funérailles, obseques

vainly - vainement

restrain - retenir, contraignez, contraignons, gouverner, contrains

My mother couldn't help it notwithstanding, so she cried until she had had her cry out.

notwithstanding - nonobstant

'Take off your cap, child,'said Miss Betsey, 'and let me see you.'

My mother was too much afraid of her to refuse compliance with this odd request, if she had any disposition to do so. Therefore she did as she was told, and did it with such nervous hands that her hair (which was luxuriant and beautiful) fell all about her face.

refuse - refuser, refusons, refusent, refusez

compliance - la conformité, conformité, acquiescement, conformisme

disposition - disposition, tempérament

luxuriant - luxuriante, luxuriant

'Why, bless my heart!'exclaimed Miss Betsey. 'You are a very Baby!'

bless - bénir, bénis, bénissez, bénissent, bénissons

exclaimed - s'est exclamé, exclamer

My mother was, no doubt, unusually youthful in appearance even for her years; she hung her head, as if it were her fault, poor thing, and said, sobbing, that indeed she was afraid she was but a childish widow, and would be but a childish mother if she lived.

unusually - de façon inhabituelle

youthful - juvénile, jeune

sobbing - sanglots, sanglotement, sanglotant, sanglotante, (sob), fdp

widow - veuve

In a short pause which ensued, she had a fancy that she felt Miss Betsey touch her hair, and that with no ungentle hand; but, looking at her, in her timid hope, she found that lady sitting with the skirt of her dress tucked up, her hands folded on one knee, and her feet upon the fender, frowning at the fire.

ensued - s'ensuivit, résulter, découler

ungentle - pas doux

tucked up - rentré

Fender - fender, aile, garde-boue, défense

frowning - froncer les sourcils

'In the name of Heaven,'said Miss Betsey, suddenly, 'why Rookery?'

'Do you mean the house, ma'am?'asked my mother.

'Why Rookery?'said Miss Betsey. 'Cookery would have been more to the purpose, if you had had any practical ideas of life, either of you.'

cookery - la cuisine

'The name was Mr. Copperfield's choice,'returned my mother. 'When he bought the house, he liked to think that there were rooks about it.'

rooks - des bleus, corneille

The evening wind made such a disturbance just now, among some tall old elm-trees at the bottom of the garden, that neither my mother nor Miss Betsey could forbear glancing that way.

wind - vent, emmailloter, détortiller, langer, enrouler

disturbance - perturbation, trouble, tapage

elm-trees - (elm-trees) des ormes

forbear - s'abstenir

glancing - un coup d'oil, (glance), jeter un coup d’oil

As the elms bent to one another, like giants who were whispering secrets, and after a few seconds of such repose, fell into a violent flurry, tossing their wild arms about, as if their late confidences were really too wicked for their peace of mind, some weatherbeaten ragged old rooks'-nests, burdening their higher branches, swung like wrecks upon a stormy sea.

elms - les ormes, orme

repose - repos

tossing - le lancer, (toss), jet, au pile ou face, tirage au sort, lancer

wicked - méchante, chicaneur, torve, (wick) méchante

weatherbeaten - en dépit des intempéries

ragged - dépenaillé, loqueteuxse, (rag) dépenaillé

nests - nids, nid

burdening - pesant, poids écrasant

swung - balancé, osciller, se balancer, balancer, swinguer

wrecks - épaves, épave, carcasse, accident, bousiller, ruiner

stormy sea - une mer houleuse

'Where are the birds?'asked Miss Betsey.

'The"?'My mother had been thinking of something else.

'The rooks"what has become of them?'asked Miss Betsey.

'There have not been any since we have lived here,'said my mother. 'We thought"Mr. Copperfield thought"it was quite a large rookery; but the nests were very old ones, and the birds have deserted them a long while.'

'David Copperfield all over!'cried Miss Betsey. 'David Copperfield from head to foot! Calls a house a rookery when there's not a rook near it, and takes the birds on trust, because he sees the nests!'

rook - tour, frauder

'Mr. Copperfield,'returned my mother, 'is dead, and if you dare to speak unkindly of him to me"'

unkindly - sans coeur

My poor dear mother, I suppose, had some momentary intention of committing an assault and battery upon my aunt, who could easily have settled her with one hand, even if my mother had been in far better training for such an encounter than she was that evening. But it passed with the action of rising from her chair; and she sat down again very meekly, and fainted.

momentary - momentanée

assault - d'agression, assaut, agression, attaquer, agresser

meekly - docilement, humblement

fainted - s'est évanoui, faible, léger

When she came to herself, or when Miss Betsey had restored her, whichever it was, she found the latter standing at the window. The twilight was by this time shading down into darkness; and dimly as they saw each other, they could not have done that without the aid of the fire.

whichever - quel qu'il soit, n'importe quel, n'importe lequel

twilight - demi-jour, crépuscule, entre chien et loup, pénombre, brumes

dimly - faiblement, obscurément, vaguement, confusément

'Well?'said Miss Betsey, coming back to her chair, as if she had only been taking a casual look at the prospect; 'and when do you expect"'

'I am all in a tremble,'faltered my mother. 'I don't know what's the matter. I shall die, I am sure!'

tremble - trembler, vibrer, tremblement, vibration

faltered - a faibli, vaciller

'No, no, no,'said Miss Betsey. 'Have some tea.'

'Oh Dear me, dear me, do you think it will do me any good?'cried my mother in a helpless manner.

Dear me - Cher moi

helpless - sans défense, désemparé

'Of course it will,'said Miss Betsey. 'It's nothing but fancy. What do you call your girl?'

'I don't know that it will be a girl, yet, ma'am,'said my mother innocently.

innocently - en toute innocence

'Bless the Baby!'exclaimed Miss Betsey, unconsciously quoting the second sentiment of the pincushion in the drawer upstairs, but applying it to my mother instead of me, 'I don't mean that. I mean your servant-girl.'

unconsciously - inconsciemment

sentiment - sentiment

pincushion - pelote a épingles, pique-aiguille, pelote a épingles

'Peggotty,'said my mother.

'Peggotty!'repeated Miss Betsey, with some indignation. 'Do you mean to say, child, that any human being has gone into a Christian church, and got herself named Peggotty?''It's her surname,'said my mother, faintly. 'Mr. Copperfield called her by it, because her Christian name was the same as mine.'

surname - nom, patronyme, nom de famille

Christian name - Un prénom chrétien

'Here! Peggotty!'cried Miss Betsey, opening the parlour door. 'Tea. Your mistress is a little unwell. Don't dawdle.'

Mistress - madame, maîtresse, amante

unwell - malaise, souffrant

dawdle - traîner, flâner, lambiner, musarder

Having issued this mandate with as much potentiality as if she had been a recognized authority in the house ever since it had been a house, and having looked out to confront the amazed Peggotty coming along the passage with a candle at the sound of a strange voice, Miss Betsey shut the door again, and sat down as before: with her feet on the fender, the skirt of her dress tucked up, and her hands folded on one knee.

mandate - commettant, mandat

potentiality - potentialité

confront - confronter

tucked - tucked, rempli

'You were speaking about its being a girl,'said Miss Betsey. 'I have no doubt it will be a girl. I have a presentiment that it must be a girl. Now child, from the moment of the birth of this girl"'

have a presentiment - avoir un pressentiment

'Perhaps boy,'my mother took the liberty of putting in.

liberty - liberté

'I tell you I have a presentiment that it must be a girl,'returned Miss Betsey. 'Don't contradict. From the moment of this girl's birth, child, I intend to be her friend. I intend to be her godmother, and I beg you'll call her Betsey Trotwood Copperfield. There must be no mistakes in life with THIS Betsey Trotwood. There must be no trifling with HER affections, poor dear.

presentiment - pressentiment

contradict - contredire

Godmother - marraine

trifling - insignifiant, futile, (trifle), bagatelle, broutille, babiole

She must be well brought up, and well guarded from reposing any foolish confidences where they are not deserved. I must make that MY care.'

reposing - reposant, repos

foolish - sot, stupide, bete, idiot

There was a twitch of Miss Betsey's head, after each of these sentences, as if her own old wrongs were working within her, and she repressed any plainer reference to them by strong constraint.

twitch - twitch, donner, avoir un mouvement convulsif

repressed - réprimée, réprimer

constraint - contrainte

So my mother suspected, at least, as she observed her by the low glimmer of the fire: too much scared by Miss Betsey, too uneasy in herself, and too subdued and bewildered altogether, to observe anything very clearly, or to know what to say.

glimmer - l'éclat, lueur, émettre une lueur

uneasy - mal a l'aise, inquiet

subdued - atténué, soumettre, subjuguer, assujettir

bewildered - déconcertés, abasourdir, confondre, déconcerter, dérouter

'And was David good to you, child?'asked Miss Betsey, when she had been silent for a little while, and these motions of her head had gradually ceased. 'Were you comfortable together?'

ceased - cessé, cesser, s'arreter, cesser de + 'infinitive'

'We were very happy,'said my mother. 'Mr. Copperfield was only too good to me.'

'What, he spoilt you, I suppose?'returned Miss Betsey.

'For being quite alone and dependent on myself in this rough world again, yes, I fear he did indeed,'sobbed my mother.

sobbed - sangloté, fdp-p

'Well! don't cry!'said Miss Betsey. 'You were not equally matched, child"if any two people can be equally matched"and so I asked the question. You were an orphan, weren't you?''Yes.'

don't cry - ne pas pleurer

orphan - orphelin, orpheline

weren - n'était

'And a governess?'

governess - gouvernante, gouverneuse

'I was nursery-governess in a family where Mr. Copperfield came to visit. Mr. Copperfield was very kind to me, and took a great deal of notice of me, and paid me a good deal of attention, and at last proposed to me. And I accepted him. And so we were married,'said my mother simply.

nursery - pépiniere, creche, pouponniere, pépiniere

'Ha! Poor Baby!'mused Miss Betsey, with her frown still bent upon the fire. 'Do you know anything?'

ha - HA

mused - a réfléchi, muse

'I beg your pardon, ma'am,'faltered my mother.

'About keeping house, for instance,'said Miss Betsey.

keeping house - garder la maison

'Not much, I fear,'returned my mother. 'Not so much as I could wish. But Mr. Copperfield was teaching me"'

('Much he knew about it himself!') said Miss Betsey in a parenthesis. "'And I hope I should have improved, being very anxious to learn, and he very patient to teach me, if the great misfortune of his death'"my mother broke down again here, and could get no farther.

parenthesis - parentheses, parenthese, parentheses

misfortune - malchance, mésaventure, malheur

'Well, well!'said Miss Betsey. "'I kept my housekeeping-book regularly, and balanced it with Mr. Copperfield every night,'cried my mother in another burst of distress, and breaking down again.

housekeeping - l'entretien ménager, ménage, (housekeep) l'entretien ménager

burst - l'éclatement, éclater, faire éclater, rompre, briser

distress - la détresse, détresse

'Well, well!'said Miss Betsey. 'Don't cry any more.'"'And I am sure we never had a word of difference respecting it, except when Mr. Copperfield objected to my threes and fives being too much like each other, or to my putting curly tails to my sevens and nines,'resumed my mother in another burst, and breaking down again.

resumed - reprise, reprendre

'You'll make yourself ill,'said Miss Betsey, 'and you know that will not be good either for you or for my god-daughter. Come! You mustn't do it!'

mustn - ne doit pas

This argument had some share in quieting my mother, though her increasing indisposition had a larger one. There was an interval of silence, only broken by Miss Betsey's occasionally ejaculating 'Ha!'as she sat with her feet upon the fender.

ejaculating - éjaculer, éjaculat

'David had bought an annuity for himself with his money, I know,'said she, by and by. 'What did he do for you?'

annuity - rente, annuité

'Mr. Copperfield,'said my mother, answering with some difficulty, 'was so considerate and good as to secure the reversion of a part of it to me.'

considerate - attentionné

Reversion - réversion, retour

'How much?'asked Miss Betsey.

'A hundred and five pounds a year,'said my mother.

'He might have done worse,'said my aunt.

The word was appropriate to the moment.

My mother was so much worse that Peggotty, coming in with the teaboard and candles, and seeing at a glance how ill she was,"as Miss Betsey might have done sooner if there had been light enough,"conveyed her upstairs to her own room with all speed; and immediately dispatched Ham Peggotty, her nephew, who had been for some days past secreted in the house, unknown to my mother, as a special messenger in case of emergency, to fetch the nurse and doctor.

teaboard - teaboard

dispatched - expédié, dépeche

Ham - le jambon, jambon

nephew - neveu

messenger - messager, coursier

fetch - chercher, apporter, aveignez, amener, aveignent, apportons

Those allied powers were considerably astonished, when they arrived within a few minutes of each other, to find an unknown lady of portentous appearance, sitting before the fire, with her bonnet tied over her left arm, stopping her ears with jewellers'cotton.

allied - alliés, s'allier (a, avec)

astonished - étonné, étonner, surprendre

portentous - prétentieux

bonnet - bonnet, orth America, casquette, béret, capot

Peggotty knowing nothing about her, and my mother saying nothing about her, she was quite a mystery in the parlour; and the fact of her having a magazine of jewellers'cotton in her pocket, and sticking the article in her ears in that way, did not detract from the solemnity of her presence.

detract - détourner l'attention, nuire a

solemnity - solennité

The doctor having been upstairs and come down again, and having satisfied himself, I suppose, that there was a probability of this unknown lady and himself having to sit there, face to face, for some hours, laid himself out to be polite and social. He was the meekest of his sex, the mildest of little men. He sidled in and out of a room, to take up the less space.

meekest - le plus doux, humble, modeste, soumis, faible

sidled - sidled, se faufiler

He walked as softly as the Ghost in Hamlet, and more slowly. He carried his head on one side, partly in modest depreciation of himself, partly in modest propitiation of everybody else. It is nothing to say that he hadn't a word to throw at a dog. He couldn't have thrown a word at a mad dog.

softly - en douceur, doucement

depreciation - la dépréciation, dépréciation

propitiation - propitiation, expier

He might have offered him one gently, or half a one, or a fragment of one; for he spoke as slowly as he walked; but he wouldn't have been rude to him, and he couldn't have been quick with him, for any earthly consideration.

earthly - terrestre

Mr. Chillip, looking mildly at my aunt with his head on one side, and making her a little bow, said, in allusion to the jewellers'cotton, as he softly touched his left ear:

mildly - légerement

bow - l'arc, arc

allusion - allusion

'Some local irritation, ma'am?'

irritation - l'irritation, irritation

'What!'replied my aunt, pulling the cotton out of one ear like a cork.

Mr. Chillip was so alarmed by her abruptness"as he told my mother afterwards"that it was a mercy he didn't lose his presence of mind. But he repeated sweetly:

abruptness - rudesse, brusquerie, soudaineté

mercy - la pitié, miséricorde, pitié

sweetly - avec douceur, doucement

'Some local irritation, ma'am?'

'Nonsense!'replied my aunt, and corked herself again, at one blow.

nonsense - des absurdités, betise, absurdité, sottise (s)

Mr. Chillip could do nothing after this, but sit and look at her feebly, as she sat and looked at the fire, until he was called upstairs again. After some quarter of an hour's absence, he returned.

feebly - faiblement

quarter of an hour's - d'un quart d'heure

absence - absence, manque, absence du fer

'Well?'said my aunt, taking the cotton out of the ear nearest to him.

'Well, ma'am,'returned Mr. Chillip, 'we are"we are progressing slowly, ma'am.'

'Ba"a"ah!'said my aunt, with a perfect shake on the contemptuous interjection. And corked herself as before.

Ba - BA

contemptuous - méprisante, méprisant, dédaigneux, contempteur

interjection - interjection

Really"really"as Mr. Chillip told my mother, he was almost shocked; speaking in a professional point of view alone, he was almost shocked. But he sat and looked at her, notwithstanding, for nearly two hours, as she sat looking at the fire, until he was again called out. After another absence, he again returned.

'Well?'said my aunt, taking out the cotton on that side again.

'Well, ma'am,'returned Mr. Chillip, 'we are"we are progressing slowly, ma'am.'

'Ya"a"ah!'said my aunt. With such a snarl at him, that Mr. Chillip absolutely could not bear it. It was really calculated to break his spirit, he said afterwards. He preferred to go and sit upon the stairs, in the dark and a strong draught, until he was again sent for.

snarl - grogner, grondement

Ham Peggotty, who went to the national school, and was a very dragon at his catechism, and who may therefore be regarded as a credible witness, reported next day, that happening to peep in at the parlour-door an hour after this, he was instantly descried by Miss Betsey, then walking to and fro in a state of agitation, and pounced upon before he could make his escape.

Dragon - le dragon, dragon

catechism - catéchisme

credible - crédible

peep - peep, gazouiller, pépier

descried - décrite, percevoir

fro - fro

pounced - s'est jeté, bondir

That there were now occasional sounds of feet and voices overhead which he inferred the cotton did not exclude, from the circumstance of his evidently being clutched by the lady as a victim on whom to expend her superabundant agitation when the sounds were loudest.

occasional - occasionnel

overhead - des frais généraux, dessus, sur, au dessus, aérien, grippage

evidently - évidemment, de toute évidence, manifestement

clutched - serré, se raccrocher (a)

expend - de la dépense, dépenser

superabundant - surabondante

That, marching him constantly up and down by the collar (as if he had been taking too much laudanum), she, at those times, shook him, rumpled his hair, made light of his linen, stopped his ears as if she confounded them with her own, and otherwise tousled and maltreated him.

collar - col, collier

laudanum - le laudanum, laudanum

rumpled - froissé, froisser

linen - le linge, toile, lin, linge

This was in part confirmed by his aunt, who saw him at half past twelve o'clock, soon after his release, and affirmed that he was then as red as I was.

The mild Mr. Chillip could not possibly bear malice at such a time, if at any time. He sidled into the parlour as soon as he was at liberty, and said to my aunt in his meekest manner:

malice - malveillance, méchanceté

'Well, ma'am, I am happy to congratulate you.'

congratulate - féliciter

'What upon?'said my aunt, sharply.

sharply - brusquement

Mr. Chillip was fluttered again, by the extreme severity of my aunt's manner; so he made her a little bow and gave her a little smile, to mollify her.

fluttered - flotté, faséyer, voleter, voltiger, battement

severity - la sévérité, sévérité, gravité

mollify - apaiser, calmer

'Mercy on the man, what's he doing!'cried my aunt, impatiently. 'Can't he speak?'

impatiently - avec impatience

'Be calm, my dear ma'am,'said Mr. Chillip, in his softest accents.

'There is no longer any occasion for uneasiness, ma'am. Be calm.'

It has since been considered almost a miracle that my aunt didn't shake him, and shake what he had to say, out of him. She only shook her own head at him, but in a way that made him quail.

miracle - miracle

quail - caille

'Well, ma'am,'resumed Mr. Chillip, as soon as he had courage, 'I am happy to congratulate you. All is now over, ma'am, and well over.'

During the five minutes or so that Mr. Chillip devoted to the delivery of this oration, my aunt eyed him narrowly.

oration - oration, oraison

narrowly - de façon étroite, étroitement

'How is she?'said my aunt, folding her arms with her bonnet still tied on one of them.

'Well, ma'am, she will soon be quite comfortable, I hope,'returned Mr. Chillip. 'Quite as comfortable as we can expect a young mother to be, under these melancholy domestic circumstances. There cannot be any objection to your seeing her presently, ma'am. It may do her good.'

melancholy - mélancolie

objection - objection

'And SHE. How is SHE?'said my aunt, sharply.

Mr. Chillip laid his head a little more on one side, and looked at my aunt like an amiable bird.

amiable - aimable, avenant, affable

'The baby,'said my aunt. 'How is she?'

'Ma'am,'returned Mr. Chillip, 'I apprehended you had known. It's a boy.'

apprehended - appréhendé, appréhender, comprendre

My aunt said never a word, but took her bonnet by the strings, in the manner of a sling, aimed a blow at Mr. Chillip's head with it, put it on bent, walked out, and never came back. She vanished like a discontented fairy; or like one of those supernatural beings, whom it was popularly supposed I was entitled to see; and never came back any more.

sling - fronde, dérapage

blow at - Souffler a

vanished - disparue, disparaître, s'évanouir, s'annuler

discontented - mécontents, mécontentement, frrotestation

fairy - fée, tapette, folle

supernatural - surnaturel, surnaturelle

beings - etres, etre, créature, existence

popularly - populaire

entitled - habilité, intituler

No. I lay in my basket, and my mother lay in her bed; but Betsey Trotwood Copperfield was for ever in the land of dreams and shadows, the tremendous region whence I had so lately travelled; and the light upon the window of our room shone out upon the earthly bourne of all such travellers, and the mound above the ashes and the dust that once was he, without whom I had never been.

tremendous - formidable

whence - pourquoi, d'ou

bourne - bourne

travellers - voyageurs, voyageur, voyageuse

mound - butte, monticule, tertre, butter

ashes - des cendres, cendre


The first objects that assume a distinct presence before me, as I look far back, into the blank of my infancy, are my mother with her pretty hair and youthful shape, and Peggotty with no shape at all, and eyes so dark that they seemed to darken their whole neighbourhood in her face, and cheeks and arms so hard and red that I wondered the birds didn't peck her in preference to apples.

darken - s'assombrir, obscurcir, assombrir, foncer

peck - picorer, picotin

I believe I can remember these two at a little distance apart, dwarfed to my sight by stooping down or kneeling on the floor, and I going unsteadily from the one to the other.

dwarfed - nain, naine

stooping - se baisser

kneeling - a genoux, (kneel)

unsteadily - de façon instable

I have an impression on my mind which I cannot distinguish from actual remembrance, of the touch of Peggotty's forefinger as she used to hold it out to me, and of its being roughened by needlework, like a pocket nutmeg-grater.

forefinger - l'index, index

needlework - des travaux d'aiguille, couture, travaux d'aiguille, ouvrage

nutmeg - muscadier, noix de muscade, noix muscade, petit pont, muscader

grater - râpe

This may be fancy, though I think the memory of most of us can go farther back into such times than many of us suppose; just as I believe the power of observation in numbers of very young children to be quite wonderful for its closeness and accuracy.

Indeed, I think that most grown men who are remarkable in this respect, may with greater propriety be said not to have lost the faculty, than to have acquired it; the rather, as I generally observe such men to retain a certain freshness, and gentleness, and capacity of being pleased, which are also an inheritance they have preserved from their childhood.

propriety - la bienséance, décence, correction, bienséance, convenances

faculty - la faculté, faculté

freshness - fraîcheur

gentleness - la douceur, rench:

I might have a misgiving that I am 'meandering'in stopping to say this, but that it brings me to remark that I build these conclusions, in part upon my own experience of myself; and if it should appear from anything I may set down in this narrative that I was a child of close observation, or that as a man I have a strong memory of my childhood, I undoubtedly lay claim to both of these characteristics.

misgiving - des doutes, état d'âme, (misgive) des doutes

Undoubtedly - sans doute

Looking back, as I was saying, into the blank of my infancy, the first objects I can remember as standing out by themselves from a confusion of things, are my mother and Peggotty. What else do I remember? Let me see.

There comes out of the cloud, our house"not new to me, but quite familiar, in its earliest remembrance. On the ground-floor is Peggotty's kitchen, opening into a back yard; with a pigeon-house on a pole, in the centre, without any pigeons in it; a great dog-kennel in a corner, without any dog; and a quantity of fowls that look terribly tall to me, walking about, in a menacing and ferocious manner.

pole - pôle, poteau, pieu, Gaule, pole

pigeons - pigeons, pigeon

dog-kennel - (dog-kennel) un chenil pour chiens

fowls - volailles, volaille, oiseau de basse-cour

menacing - menaçante, menace

ferocious - féroce

There is one cock who gets upon a post to crow, and seems to take particular notice of me as I look at him through the kitchen window, who makes me shiver, he is so fierce. Of the geese outside the side-gate who come waddling after me with their long necks stretched out when I go that way, I dream at night: as a man environed by wild beasts might dream of lions.

cock - bite, coq

crow - corbeau, corneille

shiver - frisson, trembler, frissonner

fierce - féroce

geese - des oies

waddling - se dandiner

beasts - betes, bete, bete sauvage

Here is a long passage"what an enormous perspective I make of it!"leading from Peggotty's kitchen to the front door.

A dark store-room opens out of it, and that is a place to be run past at night; for I don't know what may be among those tubs and jars and old tea-chests, when there is nobody in there with a dimly-burning light, letting a mouldy air come out of the door, in which there is the smell of soap, pickles, pepper, candles, and coffee, all at one whiff.

tubs - baignoires, bassine, rafiot

jars - bocaux, pot

mouldy - moisi

pickles - des cornichons, marinade(s)

whiff - whiff, souffle, bouffée, effluve

Then there are the two parlours: the parlour in which we sit of an evening, my mother and I and Peggotty"for Peggotty is quite our companion, when her work is done and we are alone"and the best parlour where we sit on a Sunday; grandly, but not so comfortably.

parlours - salons, (petit) salon

companion - compagnon, compagne

grandly - en grande pompe

comfortably - confortablement, agréablement

There is something of a doleful air about that room to me, for Peggotty has told me"I don't know when, but apparently ages ago"about my father's funeral, and the company having their black cloaks put on. One Sunday night my mother reads to Peggotty and me in there, how Lazarus was raised up from the dead.

cloaks - les manteaux, pelisse, pelerine

Lazarus - lazare

And I am so frightened that they are afterwards obliged to take me out of bed, and show me the quiet churchyard out of the bedroom window, with the dead all lying in their graves at rest, below the solemn moon.

obliged - obligée, imposer, obliger, rendre service

graves - tombes, tombe

solemn - solennel

There is nothing half so green that I know anywhere, as the grass of that churchyard; nothing half so shady as its trees; nothing half so quiet as its tombstones.

shady - ombragé, louche

tombstones - pierres tombales, pierre tombale

The sheep are feeding there, when I kneel up, early in the morning, in my little bed in a closet within my mother's room, to look out at it; and I see the red light shining on the sun-dial, and think within myself, 'Is the sun-dial glad, I wonder, that it can tell the time again?'

feeding - l'alimentation, alimentant, (feed) l'alimentation

kneel - s'agenouiller

closet - placard

dial - cadran, bouille, tronche, composer, signaler


Here is our pew in the church. What a high-backed pew! With a window near it, out of which our house can be seen, and IS seen many times during the morning's service, by Peggotty, who likes to make herself as sure as she can that it's not being robbed, or is not in flames.

pew - pew, banc (d'église)

But though Peggotty's eye wanders, she is much offended if mine does, and frowns to me, as I stand upon the seat, that I am to look at the clergyman. But I can't always look at him"I know him without that white thing on, and I am afraid of his wondering why I stare so, and perhaps stopping the service to inquire"and what am I to do? It's a dreadful thing to gape, but I must do something.

frowns - fronce les sourcils, froncer les sourcils

clergyman - ecclésiastique, pretre, clerc

inquire - demander, enqueter

dreadful - épouvantable, redoutable, affreux, terrible

gape - bayer, béer

I look at my mother, but she pretends not to see me. I look at a boy in the aisle, and he makes faces at me. I look at the sunlight coming in at the open door through the porch, and there I see a stray sheep"I don't mean a sinner, but mutton"half making up his mind to come into the church.

aisle - l'allée, allée, rayon, couloir, côté couloir

makes faces - fait des grimaces

sunlight - la lumiere du soleil, lumiere du soleil

porch - porche, véranda, portique

stray - égaré, écartez, écartent, écartons, écarter

sinner - pécheur, pécheresse

mutton - du mouton, mouton

I feel that if I looked at him any longer, I might be tempted to say something out loud; and what would become of me then! I look up at the monumental tablets on the wall, and try to think of Mr. Bodgers late of this parish, and what the feelings of Mrs. Bodgers must have been, when affliction sore, long time Mr. Bodgers bore, and physicians were in vain. I wonder whether they called in Mr.

tempted - tentés, tenter, attirer

Bodgers - les bodgers, bâcleur

parish - paroisse

feelings - sentiments

affliction - affliction, détresse

sore - douloureux, ulcere

physicians - médecins, médecin, femme médecin, docteur

Chillip, and he was in vain; and if so, how he likes to be reminded of it once a week. I look from Mr. Chillip, in his Sunday neckcloth, to the pulpit; and think what a good place it would be to play in, and what a castle it would make, with another boy coming up the stairs to attack it, and having the velvet cushion with the tassels thrown down on his head.

neckcloth - torchon

pulpit - chaire

velvet - du velours, velours, duvet (on skin), velours (on antlers)

cushion - coussin, amortir

tassels - des pompons, panicule

thrown down - jeté a terre

In time my eyes gradually shut up; and, from seeming to hear the clergyman singing a drowsy song in the heat, I hear nothing, until I fall off the seat with a crash, and am taken out, more dead than alive, by Peggotty.

drowsy - ensommeillé, somnolent, soporifique, stupide

And now I see the outside of our house, with the latticed bedroom-windows standing open to let in the sweet-smelling air, and the ragged old rooks'-nests still dangling in the elm-trees at the bottom of the front garden.

latticed - en treillis, treillis, quadrillage, grille, lattis, réseau

standing open - ouvert

dangling - pendante, ballant, (dangle), pendre, pendouiller

elm - l'orme, orme

front garden - le jardin de devant

Now I am in the garden at the back, beyond the yard where the empty pigeon-house and dog-kennel are"a very preserve of butterflies, as I remember it, with a high fence, and a gate and padlock; where the fruit clusters on the trees, riper and richer than fruit has ever been since, in any other garden, and where my mother gathers some in a basket, while I stand by, bolting furtive gooseberries, and trying to look unmoved. A great wind rises, and the summer is gone in a moment. We are playing in the winter twilight, dancing about the parlour. When my mother is out of breath and rests herself in an elbow-chair, I watch her winding her bright curls round her fingers, and straitening her waist, and nobody knows better than I do that she likes to look so well, and is proud of being so pretty.

pigeon - pigeon, sourde, colombe

kennel - chenil, niche

butterflies - des papillons, papillon, pansement papillon

padlock - cadenas, cadenasser

clusters - les grappes, groupe, grappe, régime, amas, rench: -neededr

riper - riper, (rip) riper

bolting - le boulonnage, (bolt) le boulonnage

furtive - furtif, subreptice

gooseberries - des groseilles a maquereau, groseille a maquereau

unmoved - indifférent, insensible

winding - bobinage, (wind) bobinage

curls - boucles, boucle, rotationnel, boucler

waist - taille, ceinture

That is among my very earliest impressions. That, and a sense that we were both a little afraid of Peggotty, and submitted ourselves in most things to her direction, were among the first opinions"if they may be so called"that I ever derived from what I saw.

Peggotty and I were sitting one night by the parlour fire, alone. I had been reading to Peggotty about crocodiles. I must have read very perspicuously, or the poor soul must have been deeply interested, for I remember she had a cloudy impression, after I had done, that they were a sort of vegetable.

crocodiles - des crocodiles, crocodile

perspicuously - avec perspicacité

cloudy - nuageux, trouble, brumeux, nébuleux, opaque

I was tired of reading, and dead sleepy; but having leave, as a high treat, to sit up until my mother came home from spending the evening at a neighbour's, I would rather have died upon my post (of course) than have gone to bed. I had reached that stage of sleepiness when Peggotty seemed to swell and grow immensely large.

sleepy - somnolent, ensommeillé, ensuqué, endormi

sleepiness - somnolence

swell - gonfler, déferlement, se tuméfier

immensely - immensément

I propped my eyelids open with my two forefingers, and looked perseveringly at her as she sat at work; at the little bit of wax-candle she kept for her thread"how old it looked, being so wrinkled in all directions!"at the little house with a thatched roof, where the yard-measure lived; at her work-box with a sliding lid, with a view of St.

propped - étayé, support

eyelids - paupieres, paupiere

forefingers - les index, index

perseveringly - avec persévérance

thread - fil, processus léger, exétron, fil de discussion, filer

wrinkled - ridé, ride

thatched roof - Un toit de chaume

Paul's Cathedral (with a pink dome) painted on the top; at the brass thimble on her finger; at herself, whom I thought lovely. I felt so sleepy, that I knew if I lost sight of anything for a moment, I was gone.

Paul - paul

cathedral - cathédrale, coupole

dome - dôme

brass - laiton, airain

thimble - dé a coudre, dé, dé a coudre

'Peggotty,'says I, suddenly, 'were you ever married?'

'Lord, Master Davy,'replied Peggotty. 'What's put marriage in your head?'

She answered with such a start, that it quite awoke me. And then she stopped in her work, and looked at me, with her needle drawn out to its thread's length.

awoke - s'est réveillé, (se) réveiller, (s')éveiller

'But WERE you ever married, Peggotty?'says I. 'You are a very handsome woman, an't you?'

I thought her in a different style from my mother, certainly; but of another school of beauty, I considered her a perfect example. There was a red velvet footstool in the best parlour, on which my mother had painted a nosegay. The ground-work of that stool, and Peggotty's complexion appeared to me to be one and the same thing.

footstool - tabouret, reposeied

nosegay - foin de nez, petit bouquet

ground-work - (ground-work) le travail de fond

complexion - le teint, teint, complexion

The stool was smooth, and Peggotty was rough, but that made no difference.

stool - tabouret

'Me handsome, Davy!'said Peggotty. 'Lawk, no, my dear! But what put marriage in your head?'

Lawk - loi

'I don't know!"You mustn't marry more than one person at a time, may you, Peggotty?'

'Certainly not,'says Peggotty, with the promptest decision.

'But if you marry a person, and the person dies, why then you may marry another person, mayn't you, Peggotty?'

'YOU MAY,'says Peggotty, 'if you choose, my dear. That's a matter of opinion.'

'But what is your opinion, Peggotty?'said I.

I asked her, and looked curiously at her, because she looked so curiously at me.

curiously - curieusement

'My opinion is,'said Peggotty, taking her eyes from me, after a little indecision and going on with her work, 'that I never was married myself, Master Davy, and that I don't expect to be. That's all I know about the subject.'

indecision - l'indécision, indécision, irrésolution

'You an't cross, I suppose, Peggotty, are you?'said I, after sitting quiet for a minute.

I really thought she was, she had been so short with me; but I was quite mistaken: for she laid aside her work (which was a stocking of her own), and opening her arms wide, took my curly head within them, and gave it a good squeeze.

squeeze - de la compression, presser, comprimer, tasser, serrer

I know it was a good squeeze, because, being very plump, whenever she made any little exertion after she was dressed, some of the buttons on the back of her gown flew off. And I recollect two bursting to the opposite side of the parlour, while she was hugging me.

plump - dodu, douillet

exertion - l'effort, effort, dépense

bursting - l'éclatement, éclater, faire éclater, rompre, briser

hugging - étreinte, embrassade, câlin, accolade, étreindre

'Now let me hear some more about the Crorkindills,'said Peggotty, who was not quite right in the name yet, 'for I an't heard half enough.'

I couldn't quite understand why Peggotty looked so queer, or why she was so ready to go back to the crocodiles.

queer - pédé, étrange, bizarre

However, we returned to those monsters, with fresh wakefulness on my part, and we left their eggs in the sand for the sun to hatch; and we ran away from them, and baffled them by constantly turning, which they were unable to do quickly, on account of their unwieldy make; and we went into the water after them, as natives, and put sharp pieces of timber down their throats; and in short we ran the whole crocodile gauntlet. I did, at least; but I had my doubts of Peggotty, who was thoughtfully sticking her needle into various parts of her face and arms, all the time.

wakefulness - l'éveil, éveil, vigilance

hatch - éclosion, passe-plats

baffled - déconcerté, déconcerter, dérouter

unwieldy - encombrant, lourd, peu maniable

timber - le bois, bois de construction

crocodile - crocodile

gauntlet - gantelet

thoughtfully - de maniere réfléchie

We had exhausted the crocodiles, and begun with the alligators, when the garden-bell rang. We went out to the door; and there was my mother, looking unusually pretty, I thought, and with her a gentleman with beautiful black hair and whiskers, who had walked home with us from church last Sunday.

exhausted - épuisé, épuiser, échappement

alligators - des alligators, alligator

whiskers - moustaches, favoris-p, poil de barbe, moustache, vibrisse

As my mother stooped down on the threshold to take me in her arms and kiss me, the gentleman said I was a more highly privileged little fellow than a monarch"or something like that; for my later understanding comes, I am sensible, to my aid here.

stooped - vouté, se baisser

threshold - seuil, seuil de tolérance

monarch - monarque

'What does that mean?'I asked him, over her shoulder.

He patted me on the head; but somehow, I didn't like him or his deep voice, and I was jealous that his hand should touch my mother's in touching me"which it did. I put it away, as well as I could.

patted - tapoté, petite tape

jealous - jaloux, jalouse, envieux, rench:

'Oh, Davy!'remonstrated my mother.

'Dear boy!'said the gentleman. 'I cannot wonder at his devotion!'

devotion - la dévotion, dévouement, dévotion

I never saw such a beautiful colour on my mother's face before. She gently chid me for being rude; and, keeping me close to her shawl, turned to thank the gentleman for taking so much trouble as to bring her home. She put out her hand to him as she spoke, and, as he met it with his own, she glanced, I thought, at me.

chid - enfant, (chide), réprimander

shawl - châle

glanced - a glissé, jeter un coup d’oil, coup d'oil

'Let us say śgood nightť, my fine boy,'said the gentleman, when he had bent his head"I saw him!"over my mother's little glove.

'Good night!'said I.

'Come! Let us be the best friends in the world!'said the gentleman, laughing. 'Shake hands!'

My right hand was in my mother's left, so I gave him the other.

'Why, that's the Wrong hand, Davy!'laughed the gentleman.

My mother drew my right hand forward, but I was resolved, for my former reason, not to give it him, and I did not. I gave him the other, and he shook it heartily, and said I was a brave fellow, and went away.

At this minute I see him turn round in the garden, and give us a last look with his ill-omened black eyes, before the door was shut.

turn round - faire demi-tour

omened - omened, présage

Peggotty, who had not said a word or moved a finger, secured the fastenings instantly, and we all went into the parlour. My mother, contrary to her usual habit, instead of coming to the elbow-chair by the fire, remained at the other end of the room, and sat singing to herself.

contrary - contraire, contrepied

"'Hope you have had a pleasant evening, ma'am,'said Peggotty, standing as stiff as a barrel in the centre of the room, with a candlestick in her hand.

barrel - tonneau, barrique, baril, canon, barillet, embariller

candlestick - chandelier

'Much obliged to you, Peggotty,'returned my mother, in a cheerful voice, 'I have had a VERY pleasant evening.'

'A stranger or so makes an agreeable change,'suggested Peggotty.

agreeable - agréable, complaisant

'A very agreeable change, indeed,'returned my mother.

Peggotty continuing to stand motionless in the middle of the room, and my mother resuming her singing, I fell asleep, though I was not so sound asleep but that I could hear voices, without hearing what they said. When I half awoke from this uncomfortable doze, I found Peggotty and my mother both in tears, and both talking.

motionless - immobile

resuming - la reprise, reprendre

doze - dormir, sommeiller

'Not such a one as this, Mr. Copperfield wouldn't have liked,'said Peggotty. 'That I say, and that I swear!'

'Good heavens!'cried my mother, 'you'll drive me mad! Was ever any poor girl so ill-used by her servants as I am! Why do I do myself the injustice of calling myself a girl? Have I never been married, Peggotty?'

Good heavens - Grands dieux

injustice - l'injustice, injustice

'God knows you have, ma'am,'returned Peggotty. 'Then, how can you dare,'said my mother"'you know I don't mean how can you dare, Peggotty, but how can you have the heart"to make me so uncomfortable and say such bitter things to me, when you are well aware that I haven't, out of this place, a single friend to turn to?'

'The more's the reason,'returned Peggotty, 'for saying that it won't do. No! That it won't do. No! No price could make it do. No!'"I thought Peggotty would have thrown the candlestick away, she was so emphatic with it.

emphatic - emphatique

'How can you be so aggravating,'said my mother, shedding more tears than before, 'as to talk in such an unjust manner! How can you go on as if it was all settled and arranged, Peggotty, when I tell you over and over again, you cruel thing, that beyond the commonest civilities nothing has passed! You talk of admiration. What am I to do?

shedding - la mue, (shed) la mue

unjust - injuste

civilities - civilités, politesse

admiration - l'admiration, admiration

If people are so silly as to indulge the sentiment, is it my fault? What am I to do, I ask you? Would you wish me to shave my head and black my face, or disfigure myself with a burn, or a scald, or something of that sort? I dare say you would, Peggotty. I dare say you'd quite enjoy it.'

indulge - se faire plaisir, céder, succomber, dorloter, gâter, choyer

disfigure - défigurer

scald - l'ébouillantage, échauder

Peggotty seemed to take this aspersion very much to heart, I thought.

'And my dear boy,'cried my mother, coming to the elbow-chair in which I was, and caressing me, 'my own little Davy! Is it to be hinted to me that I am wanting in affection for my precious treasure, the dearest little fellow that ever was!'

caressing - caressant, (cares) caressant

'Nobody never went and hinted no such a thing,'said Peggotty.

'You did, Peggotty!'returned my mother. 'You know you did. What else was it possible to infer from what you said, you unkind creature, when you know as well as I do, that on his account only last quarter I wouldn't buy myself a new parasol, though that old green one is frayed the whole way up, and the fringe is perfectly mangy? You know it is, Peggotty. You can't deny it.

unkind - pas aimable, déplaisant

parasol - ombrelle, parasol

frayed - effiloché, (s')effilocher

fringe - marginale, frange, périphérie, radicaux

mangy - galeux

'Then, turning affectionately to me, with her cheek against mine, 'Am I a naughty mama to you, Davy? Am I a nasty, cruel, selfish, bad mama? Say I am, my child; say śyesť, dear boy, and Peggotty will love you; and Peggotty's love is a great deal better than mine, Davy. I don't love you at all, do I?'

affectionately - affectueusement

naughty - malicieux, malin, méchant, vilain, risqué

mama - maman

Selfish - égoiste, égoiste

At this, we all fell a-crying together. I think I was the loudest of the party, but I am sure we were all sincere about it. I was quite heart-broken myself, and am afraid that in the first transports of wounded tenderness I called Peggotty a 'Beast'.

tenderness - tendresse

beast - bete, bete, bete sauvage

That honest creature was in deep affliction, I remember, and must have become quite buttonless on the occasion; for a little volley of those explosives went off, when, after having made it up with my mother, she kneeled down by the elbow-chair, and made it up with me.

buttonless - sans bouton

volley - volée, salve

explosives - des explosifs, explosif

kneeled down - s'agenouiller

We went to bed greatly dejected. My sobs kept waking me, for a long time; and when one very strong sob quite hoisted me up in bed, I found my mother sitting on the coverlet, and leaning over me. I fell asleep in her arms, after that, and slept soundly.

sobs - sanglots, fdp-p

hoisted - hissé, hisser

coverlet - couvre-lit

soundly - fortement, solidement

Whether it was the following Sunday when I saw the gentleman again, or whether there was any greater lapse of time before he reappeared, I cannot recall. I don't profess to be clear about dates. But there he was, in church, and he walked home with us afterwards. He came in, too, to look at a famous geranium we had, in the parlour-window.

lapse - laps de temps, erreur, faute

reappeared - réapparaît, réapparaître

geranium - géranium, pélargonium

It did not appear to me that he took much notice of it, but before he went he asked my mother to give him a bit of the blossom. She begged him to choose it for himself, but he refused to do that"I could not understand why"so she plucked it for him, and gave it into his hand.

blossom - fleur, floraison, fleurir, s'épanouir

refused - refusé, refuser de

plucked - plumé, tirer, pincer, plumer, voler, abats-p, persévérance

He said he would never, never part with it any more; and I thought he must be quite a fool not to know that it would fall to pieces in a day or two.

Peggotty began to be less with us, of an evening, than she had always been. My mother deferred to her very much"more than usual, it occurred to me"and we were all three excellent friends; still we were different from what we used to be, and were not so comfortable among ourselves.

deferred - différé, différer

Sometimes I fancied that Peggotty perhaps objected to my mother's wearing all the pretty dresses she had in her drawers, or to her going so often to visit at that neighbour's; but I couldn't, to my satisfaction, make out how it was.

drawers - tiroirs, tiroir

Gradually, I became used to seeing the gentleman with the black whiskers. I liked him no better than at first, and had the same uneasy jealousy of him; but if I had any reason for it beyond a child's instinctive dislike, and a general idea that Peggotty and I could make much of my mother without any help, it certainly was not THE reason that I might have found if I had been older.

jealousy - jalousie, envie

No such thing came into my mind, or near it. I could observe, in little pieces, as it were; but as to making a net of a number of these pieces, and catching anybody in it, that was, as yet, beyond me.

One autumn morning I was with my mother in the front garden, when Mr. Murdstone"I knew him by that name now"came by, on horseback. He reined up his horse to salute my mother, and said he was going to Lowestoft to see some friends who were there with a yacht, and merrily proposed to take me on the saddle before him if I would like the ride.

horseback - a cheval, a cheval

reined - en ligne, rene

salute - saluer, faire un salut

Lowestoft - Lowestoft

yacht - yacht

merrily - joyeusement, gaiement

saddle - selle, ensellement

The air was so clear and pleasant, and the horse seemed to like the idea of the ride so much himself, as he stood snorting and pawing at the garden-gate, that I had a great desire to go. So I was sent upstairs to Peggotty to be made spruce; and in the meantime Mr.

snorting - renifler, (snort), reniflement, sniffer

pawing - pattes, patte

spruce - épicéa

meantime - entre-temps, pendant ce temps

Murdstone dismounted, and, with his horse's bridle drawn over his arm, walked slowly up and down on the outer side of the sweetbriar fence, while my mother walked slowly up and down on the inner to keep him company.

dismounted - a pied, démonter, descendre

bridle - bride, brider, refréner, etre susceptible

sweetbriar - sweetbriar

I recollect Peggotty and I peeping out at them from my little window; I recollect how closely they seemed to be examining the sweetbriar between them, as they strolled along; and how, from being in a perfectly angelic temper, Peggotty turned cross in a moment, and brushed my hair the wrong way, excessively hard.

peeping - de l'espionnage, regarder qqch a la dérobée

strolled - flâné, promenade, flânerie, balade, flâner, promener

excessively - de maniere excessive, excessivement, bien trop (much too...)

Mr. Murdstone and I were soon off, and trotting along on the green turf by the side of the road. He held me quite easily with one arm, and I don't think I was restless usually; but I could not make up my mind to sit in front of him without turning my head sometimes, and looking up in his face.

trotting - au trot, (trot) au trot

turf - gazon, motte de gazon, hippodrome, champ de courses, gazonner

restless - inquiet, agité, checkimpatient

He had that kind of shallow black eye"I want a better word to express an eye that has no depth in it to be looked into"which, when it is abstracted, seems from some peculiarity of light to be disfigured, for a moment at a time, by a cast. Several times when I glanced at him, I observed that appearance with a sort of awe, and wondered what he was thinking about so closely.

peculiarity - singularité, bizarrerie, étrangeté, particularité, distinction

disfigured - défiguré, défigurer

awe - la stupeur, crainte, révérence, admiration

His hair and whiskers were blacker and thicker, looked at so near, than even I had given them credit for being. A squareness about the lower part of his face, and the dotted indication of the strong black beard he shaved close every day, reminded me of the wax-work that had travelled into our neighbourhood some half-a-year before.

squareness - l'équerrage

lower part - la partie inférieure

beard - barbe

This, his regular eyebrows, and the rich white, and black, and brown, of his complexion"confound his complexion, and his memory!"made me think him, in spite of my misgivings, a very handsome man. I have no doubt that my poor dear mother thought him so too.

eyebrows - sourcils, sourcil

misgivings - des réticences, état d'âme

We went to an hotel by the sea, where two gentlemen were smoking cigars in a room by themselves. Each of them was lying on at least four chairs, and had a large rough jacket on. In a corner was a heap of coats and boat-cloaks, and a flag, all bundled up together.

cigars - des cigares, cigare

heap - tas, pile, monceau

bundled - regroupés, faisceau, fagot, paquet, ballot (of goods)

They both rolled on to their feet in an untidy sort of manner, when we came in, and said, 'Halloa, Murdstone! We thought you were dead!'

untidy - débraillé, négligé, désordonné, bordélique

halloa - halloa

'Not yet,'said Mr. Murdstone.

'And who's this shaver?'said one of the gentlemen, taking hold of me.

shaver - rasoir, rasoir électrique

taking hold - qui s'installe

'That's Davy,'returned Mr. Murdstone.

'Davy who?'said the gentleman. 'Jones?'

'Copperfield,'said Mr. Murdstone.

'What! Bewitching Mrs. Copperfield's encumbrance?'cried the gentleman. 'The pretty little widow?'

bewitching - envoutant, ensorceler, envouter

'Quinion,'said Mr. Murdstone, 'take care, if you please. Somebody's sharp.'

'Who is?'asked the gentleman, laughing. I looked up, quickly; being curious to know.

'Only Brooks of Sheffield,'said Mr. Murdstone.

brooks - brooks, ruisseau

I was quite relieved to find that it was only Brooks of Sheffield; for, at first, I really thought it was I.

There seemed to be something very comical in the reputation of Mr. Brooks of Sheffield, for both the gentlemen laughed heartily when he was mentioned, and Mr. Murdstone was a good deal amused also. After some laughing, the gentleman whom he had called Quinion, said:

comical - comique

amused - amusé, amuser

'And what is the opinion of Brooks of Sheffield, in reference to the projected business?'

'Why, I don't know that Brooks understands much about it at present,'replied Mr. Murdstone; 'but he is not generally favourable, I believe.'

favourable - favorable

There was more laughter at this, and Mr. Quinion said he would ring the bell for some sherry in which to drink to Brooks. This he did; and when the wine came, he made me have a little, with a biscuit, and, before I drank it, stand up and say, 'Confusion to Brooks of Sheffield!

ring - anneau, cerne, ring, tinter

'The toast was received with great applause, and such hearty laughter that it made me laugh too; at which they laughed the more. In short, we quite enjoyed ourselves.

applause - applaudissements, applaudissement, acclamation

hearty - cordial, copieux

We walked about on the cliff after that, and sat on the grass, and looked at things through a telescope"I could make out nothing myself when it was put to my eye, but I pretended I could"and then we came back to the hotel to an early dinner.

telescope - télescope, lunette

All the time we were out, the two gentlemen smoked incessantly"which, I thought, if I might judge from the smell of their rough coats, they must have been doing, ever since the coats had first come home from the tailor's. I must not forget that we went on board the yacht, where they all three descended into the cabin, and were busy with some papers.

incessantly - sans cesse

tailor - tailleur, tailleuse, adapter

descended - descendu, descendre

I saw them quite hard at work, when I looked down through the open skylight. They left me, during this time, with a very nice man with a very large head of red hair and a very small shiny hat upon it, who had got a cross-barred shirt or waistcoat on, with 'Skylark'in capital letters across the chest.

skylight - puits de lumiere, fenetre de toit, lucarne, vélux, verriere

waistcoat - gilet

skylark - l'alouette, alouette des champs

I thought it was his name; and that as he lived on board ship and hadn't a street door to put his name on, he put it there instead; but when I called him Mr. Skylark, he said it meant the vessel.

vessel - navire, vaisseau, vase

I observed all day that Mr. Murdstone was graver and steadier than the two gentlemen. They were very gay and careless. They joked freely with one another, but seldom with him. It appeared to me that he was more clever and cold than they were, and that they regarded him with something of my own feeling. I remarked that, once or twice when Mr. Quinion was talking, he looked at Mr.

graver - graver, (grav) graver

more clever - plus intelligente

Murdstone sideways, as if to make sure of his not being displeased; and that once when Mr. Passnidge (the other gentleman) was in high spirits, he trod upon his foot, and gave him a secret caution with his eyes, to observe Mr. Murdstone, who was sitting stern and silent. Nor do I recollect that Mr. Murdstone laughed at all that day, except at the Sheffield joke"and that, by the by, was his own.

high spirits - Esprit vif

trod - trod, (tread) trod

caution - prudence, admonition, checkavertissement, checkmise en garde

stern - sévere, poupe

We went home early in the evening. It was a very fine evening, and my mother and he had another stroll by the sweetbriar, while I was sent in to get my tea. When he was gone, my mother asked me all about the day I had had, and what they had said and done. I mentioned what they had said about her, and she laughed, and told me they were impudent fellows who talked nonsense"but I knew it pleased her.

stroll - promenade, flânerie, balade, promener

impudent - impudent

I knew it quite as well as I know it now. I took the opportunity of asking if she was at all acquainted with Mr. Brooks of Sheffield, but she answered No, only she supposed he must be a manufacturer in the knife and fork way.

manufacturer - fabricant, fabricante

Can I say of her face"altered as I have reason to remember it, perished as I know it is"that it is gone, when here it comes before me at this instant, as distinct as any face that I may choose to look on in a crowded street? Can I say of her innocent and girlish beauty, that it faded, and was no more, when its breath falls on my cheek now, as it fell that night?

perished - a péri, périr

girlish - fillette

faded - fanée, (s')affaiblir, diminuer

Can I say she ever changed, when my remembrance brings her back to life, thus only; and, truer to its loving youth than I have been, or man ever is, still holds fast what it cherished then?

cherished - chérie, chérir, tenir

I write of her just as she was when I had gone to bed after this talk, and she came to bid me good night. She kneeled down playfully by the side of the bed, and laying her chin upon her hands, and laughing, said:

kneeled - a genoux, agenouiller

playfully - de façon ludique

chin - menton

'What was it they said, Davy? Tell me again. I can't believe it.'

'śBewitching"ś'I began.

My mother put her hands upon my lips to stop me.

'It was never bewitching,'she said, laughing. 'It never could have been bewitching, Davy. Now I know it wasn't!'

wasn - n'était

'Yes, it was. śBewitching Mrs. Copperfieldť,'I repeated stoutly. 'And, śpretty.ť'

stoutly - avec acharnement

'No, no, it was never pretty. Not pretty,'interposed my mother, laying her fingers on my lips again.

interposed - interposée, interposer, intercaler, interrompre, couper

'Yes it was. śPretty little widow.ť'

'What foolish, impudent creatures!'cried my mother, laughing and covering her face. 'What ridiculous men! An't they? Davy dear"'

'Well, Ma.'

'Don't tell Peggotty; she might be angry with them. I am dreadfully angry with them myself; but I would rather Peggotty didn't know.'

dreadfully - terriblement

I promised, of course; and we kissed one another over and over again, and I soon fell fast asleep.

It seems to me, at this distance of time, as if it were the next day when Peggotty broached the striking and adventurous proposition I am about to mention; but it was probably about two months afterwards.

adventurous - aventureux

proposition - proposition

We were sitting as before, one evening (when my mother was out as before), in company with the stocking and the yard-measure, and the bit of wax, and the box with St.

Paul's on the lid, and the crocodile book, when Peggotty, after looking at me several times, and opening her mouth as if she were going to speak, without doing it"which I thought was merely gaping, or I should have been rather alarmed"said coaxingly:

lid - couvercle

merely - simplement, uniquement, seulement

coaxingly - avec insistance

'Master Davy, how should you like to go along with me and spend a fortnight at my brother's at Yarmouth? Wouldn't that be a treat?'

fortnight - quinze jours, deux semaines, quinzaine

'Is your brother an agreeable man, Peggotty?'I inquired, provisionally.

inquired - a demandé, enqueter, renseigner

'Oh, what an agreeable man he is!'cried Peggotty, holding up her hands. 'Then there's the sea; and the boats and ships; and the fishermen; and the beach; and Am to play with"'

fishermen - pecheurs, pecheur, pecheuse

Peggotty meant her nephew Ham, mentioned in my first chapter; but she spoke of him as a morsel of English Grammar.

morsel - morceau

Grammar - grammaire

I was flushed by her summary of delights, and replied that it would indeed be a treat, but what would my mother say?

flushed - rincé, rougeur

'Why then I'll as good as bet a guinea,'said Peggotty, intent upon my face, 'that she'll let us go. I'll ask her, if you like, as soon as ever she comes home. There now!'

guinea - Guinée

intent - l'intention, intention, résolu, déterminé, buté

'But what's she to do while we're away?'said I, putting my small elbows on the table to argue the point. 'She can't live by herself.'

If Peggotty were looking for a hole, all of a sudden, in the heel of that stocking, it must have been a very little one indeed, and not worth darning.

darning - l'apprentissage, (darn) l'apprentissage

'I say! Peggotty! She can't live by herself, you know.'

'Oh, bless you!'said Peggotty, looking at me again at last. 'Don't you know? She's going to stay for a fortnight with Mrs. Grayper. Mrs. Grayper's going to have a lot of company.'

Oh! If that was it, I was quite ready to go. I waited, in the utmost impatience, until my mother came home from Mrs. Grayper's (for it was that identical neighbour), to ascertain if we could get leave to carry out this great idea.

utmost - le plus important, extreme, plus grand, supreme, maximum

Impatience - impatience

ascertain - vérification, constater, définir

Without being nearly so much surprised as I had expected, my mother entered into it readily; and it was all arranged that night, and my board and lodging during the visit were to be paid for.

readily - facilement, volontiers, aisément

lodging - l'hébergement, logement, hébergement, verse, (lodge), cabane

The day soon came for our going. It was such an early day that it came soon, even to me, who was in a fever of expectation, and half afraid that an earthquake or a fiery mountain, or some other great convulsion of nature, might interpose to stop the expedition. We were to go in a carrier's cart, which departed in the morning after breakfast.

fiery - ardente, ardent, brulant, flamboyant, enflammé

convulsion - convulsion

interpose - interposer, intercaler, interrompre, couper, casser le fil

carrier - transporteur, porteuse

cart - chariot, charrette

I would have given any money to have been allowed to wrap myself up over-night, and sleep in my hat and boots.

It touches me nearly now, although I tell it lightly, to recollect how eager I was to leave my happy home; to think how little I suspected what I did leave for ever.

lightly - légerement, légerement

eager - enthousiaste, désireux

I am glad to recollect that when the carrier's cart was at the gate, and my mother stood there kissing me, a grateful fondness for her and for the old place I had never turned my back upon before, made me cry. I am glad to know that my mother cried too, and that I felt her heart beat against mine.

fondness - l'affection, affection

I am glad to recollect that when the carrier began to move, my mother ran out at the gate, and called to him to stop, that she might kiss me once more. I am glad to dwell upon the earnestness and love with which she lifted up her face to mine, and did so.

dwell - s'attarder, résider, s'appesantir sur

earnestness - le sérieux

As we left her standing in the road, Mr. Murdstone came up to where she was, and seemed to expostulate with her for being so moved. I was looking back round the awning of the cart, and wondered what business it was of his. Peggotty, who was also looking back on the other side, seemed anything but satisfied; as the face she brought back in the cart denoted.

expostulate - exposer

awning - l'auvent, marquise, auvent, (awn), barbe

denoted - dénoté, dénoter, indiquer, marquer, signifier

I sat looking at Peggotty for some time, in a reverie on this supposititious case: whether, if she were employed to lose me like the boy in the fairy tale, I should be able to track my way home again by the buttons she would shed.

reverie - reverie

supposititious - supposition

shed - hangar, verser, stand, kiosque, échoppe


The carrier's horse was the laziest horse in the world, I should hope, and shuffled along, with his head down, as if he liked to keep people waiting to whom the packages were directed. I fancied, indeed, that he sometimes chuckled audibly over this reflection, but the carrier said he was only troubled with a cough.

shuffled - mélangé, battage, battre, mélanger, traîner les pieds

chuckled - ricané, glousser

cough - tousser, toux

The carrier had a way of keeping his head down, like his horse, and of drooping sleepily forward as he drove, with one of his arms on each of his knees. I say 'drove', but it struck me that the cart would have gone to Yarmouth quite as well without him, for the horse did all that; and as to conversation, he had no idea of it but whistling.

drooping - en train de tomber, tomber, s'affaisser, bec

sleepily - en dormant

whistling - siffler, (whistle), sifflet, sifflement, sifflements

Peggotty had a basket of refreshments on her knee, which would have lasted us out handsomely, if we had been going to London by the same conveyance. We ate a good deal, and slept a good deal.

refreshments - des rafraîchissements, rafraîchissement

handsomely - avec brio

Peggotty always went to sleep with her chin upon the handle of the basket, her hold of which never relaxed; and I could not have believed unless I had heard her do it, that one defenceless woman could have snored so much.

defenceless - sans défense

snored - ronflé, ronfler, ronflement

We made so many deviations up and down lanes, and were such a long time delivering a bedstead at a public-house, and calling at other places, that I was quite tired, and very glad, when we saw Yarmouth.

deviations - des écarts, déviation, rench: -neededr

bedstead - le sommier, châlit

public-house - (public-house) une maison publique

It looked rather spongy and soppy, I thought, as I carried my eye over the great dull waste that lay across the river; and I could not help wondering, if the world were really as round as my geography book said, how any part of it came to be so flat. But I reflected that Yarmouth might be situated at one of the poles; which would account for it.

spongy - spongieux

soppy - moelleux, mievre

situated - situé, situer

poles - poteaux, pôle

As we drew a little nearer, and saw the whole adjacent prospect lying a straight low line under the sky, I hinted to Peggotty that a mound or so might have improved it; and also that if the land had been a little more separated from the sea, and the town and the tide had not been quite so much mixed up, like toast and water, it would have been nicer.

adjacent - adjacente

low line - ligne basse

tide - marée, marées, reflux

But Peggotty said, with greater emphasis than usual, that we must take things as we found them, and that, for her part, she was proud to call herself a Yarmouth Bloater.

bloater - bloater

When we got into the street (which was strange enough to me) and smelt the fish, and pitch, and oakum, and tar, and saw the sailors walking about, and the carts jingling up and down over the stones, I felt that I had done so busy a place an injustice; and said as much to Peggotty, who heard my expressions of delight with great complacency, and told me it was well known (I suppose to those who had the good fortune to be born Bloaters) that Yarmouth was, upon the whole, the finest place in the universe.

oakum - de l'étoupe, étoupe

tar - goudron, goudronneuxse

carts - chariots, charrette

delight with - Se réjouir de

complacency - l'autosatisfaction, suffisance, complaisance

'Here's my Am!'screamed Peggotty, 'growed out of knowledge!'

growed - cultivé

He was waiting for us, in fact, at the public-house; and asked me how I found myself, like an old acquaintance. I did not feel, at first, that I knew him as well as he knew me, because he had never come to our house since the night I was born, and naturally he had the advantage of me. But our intimacy was much advanced by his taking me on his back to carry me home.

acquaintance - une connaissance, relation

intimacy - l'intimité, intimité

He was, now, a huge, strong fellow of six feet high, broad in proportion, and round-shouldered; but with a simpering boy's face and curly light hair that gave him quite a sheepish look. He was dressed in a canvas jacket, and a pair of such very stiff trousers that they would have stood quite as well alone, without any legs in them.

simpering - simuler, minauder, minauderie, sourire

sheepish - mouton

canvas - toile, canevas

And you couldn't so properly have said he wore a hat, as that he was covered in a-top, like an old building, with something pitchy.

old building - ancien bâtiment

pitchy - poilu

Ham carrying me on his back and a small box of ours under his arm, and Peggotty carrying another small box of ours, we turned down lanes bestrewn with bits of chips and little hillocks of sand, and went past gas-works, rope-walks, boat-builders'yards, shipwrights'yards, ship-breakers'yards, caulkers'yards, riggers'lofts, smiths'forges, and a great litter of such places, until we came out upon the dull waste I had already seen at a distance; when Ham said,

small box - petite boîte

hillocks - des buttes, monticule, tertre, mondrain, mamelon

builders - constructeurs, constructeur, constructrice, bâtisseur

lofts - lofts, grenier

smiths - des forgerons, Lefevre, Lefébure, Lefebvre

forges - forges, forge

'Yon's our house, Mas'r Davy!'

yon - celui la

Mas - mas, (MA) mas

I looked in all directions, as far as I could stare over the wilderness, and away at the sea, and away at the river, but no house could I make out.

wilderness - la nature sauvage, désert, naturalité, nature sauvage

There was a black barge, or some other kind of superannuated boat, not far off, high and dry on the ground, with an iron funnel sticking out of it for a chimney and smoking very cosily; but nothing else in the way of a habitation that was visible to me.

Barge - barge, chaland

superannuated - retraités, mettre (qqn) a la retraite

funnel - entonnoir

chimney - cheminée

'That's not it?'said I. 'That ship-looking thing?'

'That's it, Mas'r Davy,'returned Ham.

If it had been Aladdin's palace, roc's egg and all, I suppose I could not have been more charmed with the romantic idea of living in it.

Aladdin - aladin

Roc - roc, COR

charmed - charmé, charme

There was a delightful door cut in the side, and it was roofed in, and there were little windows in it; but the wonderful charm of it was, that it was a real boat which had no doubt been upon the water hundreds of times, and which had never been intended to be lived in, on dry land. That was the captivation of it to me.

delightful - délicieux

charm - charme, excitation, grâce

captivation - captivation

If it had ever been meant to be lived in, I might have thought it small, or inconvenient, or lonely; but never having been designed for any such use, it became a perfect abode.

inconvenient - genant

abode - domicile, demeure, (abide), endurer, tolérer

It was beautifully clean inside, and as tidy as possible. There was a table, and a Dutch clock, and a chest of drawers, and on the chest of drawers there was a tea-tray with a painting on it of a lady with a parasol, taking a walk with a military-looking child who was trundling a hoop.

beautifully - magnifique

tea-tray - (tea-tray) plateau a thé

Hoop - cerceau

The tray was kept from tumbling down, by a bible; and the tray, if it had tumbled down, would have smashed a quantity of cups and saucers and a teapot that were grouped around the book.

tray - plateau

tumbling - la culbute, (tumble), culbute, dégringoler, culbuter

Bible - la bible, Bible

tumbled - culbuté, culbute, dégringoler, culbuter

smashed - écrasé, smash, fracasser, percuter, écraser

saucers - soucoupes, soucoupe, sous-tasse

teapot - théiere, théiere

On the walls there were some common coloured pictures, framed and glazed, of scripture subjects; such as I have never seen since in the hands of pedlars, without seeing the whole interior of Peggotty's brother's house again, at one view. Abraham in red going to sacrifice Isaac in blue, and Daniel in yellow cast into a den of green lions, were the most prominent of these.

glazed - vitrifié, glaçure, émail, glacis, glaçage, givre

interior - intérieur

Abraham - abraham

sacrifice - sacrifier, sacrifice, offrande

Isaac - isaac

Daniel - daniel

den - den, nid

Over the little mantelshelf, was a picture of the 'Sarah Jane'lugger, built at Sunderland, with a real little wooden stern stuck on to it; a work of art, combining composition with carpentry, which I considered to be one of the most enviable possessions that the world could afford.

mantelshelf - étagere de cheminée

Jane - jane, Jeanne

lugger - lugger

composition - composition, ouvre

carpentry - la menuiserie, charpenterie

most enviable - le plus enviable

There were some hooks in the beams of the ceiling, the use of which I did not divine then; and some lockers and boxes and conveniences of that sort, which served for seats and eked out the chairs.

beams - poutres, madrier, poutre, merrain, perche, limon, timon, age

divine - divine, divin

lockers - les casiers, casier

Eked - encre, faire durer, maintenir

All this I saw in the first glance after I crossed the threshold"child-like, according to my theory"and then Peggotty opened a little door and showed me my bedroom.

It was the completest and most desirable bedroom ever seen"in the stern of the vessel; with a little window, where the rudder used to go through; a little looking-glass, just the right height for me, nailed against the wall, and framed with oyster-shells; a little bed, which there was just room enough to get into; and a nosegay of seaweed in a blue mug on the table.

most desirable - le plus souhaitable

rudder - le gouvernail, gouvernail

oyster - huître, huitre, sot-l’y-laisse

seaweed - des algues, algues

mug - mug, broc

The walls were whitewashed as white as milk, and the patchwork counterpane made my eyes quite ache with its brightness. One thing I particularly noticed in this delightful house, was the smell of fish; which was so searching, that when I took out my pocket-handkerchief to wipe my nose, I found it smelt exactly as if it had wrapped up a lobster.

whitewashed - blanchi, lait de chaux, badigeon, blanchir, badigeonner

patchwork - patchwork

counterpane - contreplaqué, courtepointe

ache - mal, diuleur

brightness - brillance, luminosité, intelligence

handkerchief - mouchoir

wipe - essuyer, essuyez, essuyent, essuyons

Lobster - homard

On my imparting this discovery in confidence to Peggotty, she informed me that her brother dealt in lobsters, crabs, and crawfish; and I afterwards found that a heap of these creatures, in a state of wonderful conglomeration with one another, and never leaving off pinching whatever they laid hold of, were usually to be found in a little wooden outhouse where the pots and kettles were kept.

imparting - transmettre, donner, communiquer

lobsters - des homards, homard

crabs - des crabes, crabe

crawfish - écrevisses

conglomeration - conglomérat, conglomération

pinching - le pincement, (pinch), pincer, chiper, pincement, pincée

kettles - bouilloires, bouilloire

We were welcomed by a very civil woman in a white apron, whom I had seen curtseying at the door when I was on Ham's back, about a quarter of a mile off. Likewise by a most beautiful little girl (or I thought her so) with a necklace of blue beads on, who wouldn't let me kiss her when I offered to, but ran away and hid herself.

apron - tablier, tarmac, piste

curtseying - la révérence, révérence, faire la révérence, révérencier

necklace - collier, supplice du pneu

beads - perles, grain, perle, gouttelette

By and by, when we had dined in a sumptuous manner off boiled dabs, melted butter, and potatoes, with a chop for me, a hairy man with a very good-natured face came home. As he called Peggotty 'Lass', and gave her a hearty smack on the cheek, I had no doubt, from the general propriety of her conduct, that he was her brother; and so he turned out"being presently introduced to me as Mr.

dined - dîné, vacarme

sumptuous - somptueux

dabs - dabs, tamponner

hairy - poilu

good-natured - (good-natured) Bonne humeur

Lass - lass, demoiselle, fille, jeune fille

Smack - la gifle, relent

Peggotty, the master of the house.

'Glad to see you, sir,'said Mr. Peggotty. 'You'll find us rough, sir, but you'll find us ready.'


I thanked him, and replied that I was sure I should be happy in such a delightful place.

'How's your Ma, sir?'said Mr. Peggotty. 'Did you leave her pretty jolly?'

jolly - jovial

I gave Mr. Peggotty to understand that she was as jolly as I could wish, and that she desired her compliments"which was a polite fiction on my part.

compliments - des compliments, compliment, complimenter, faire un compliment

'I'm much obleeged to her, I'm sure,'said Mr. Peggotty. 'Well, sir, if you can make out here, fur a fortnut, 'long wi'her,'nodding at his sister, 'and Ham, and little Em'ly, we shall be proud of your company.'

fortnut - beignet

nodding - hochement de tete, (nod), dodeliner, hocher, hochement

ly - ly, al, a.l

Having done the honours of his house in this hospitable manner, Mr. Peggotty went out to wash himself in a kettleful of hot water, remarking that 'cold would never get his muck off'.

hospitable - hospitalier

kettleful - bouillie

muck - de la boue, boue, gadoue, fumier

He soon returned, greatly improved in appearance; but so rubicund, that I couldn't help thinking his face had this in common with the lobsters, crabs, and crawfish,"that it went into the hot water very black, and came out very red.

After tea, when the door was shut and all was made snug (the nights being cold and misty now), it seemed to me the most delicious retreat that the imagination of man could conceive.

snug - serré, confortable, douillet

misty - brumeux

most delicious - le plus délicieux

retreat - retraite

conceive - concevoir, tomber enceinte

To hear the wind getting up out at sea, to know that the fog was creeping over the desolate flat outside, and to look at the fire, and think that there was no house near but this one, and this one a boat, was like enchantment.

Fog - le brouillard, masquer, brume, brouillard

creeping - rampant, ramper, rampement, fatigue, fluage, reptation

desolate - désolée, ravager, désoler

enchantment - l'enchantement, enchantement, ensorcellement

Little Em'ly had overcome her shyness, and was sitting by my side upon the lowest and least of the lockers, which was just large enough for us two, and just fitted into the chimney corner. Mrs. Peggotty with the white apron, was knitting on the opposite side of the fire. Peggotty at her needlework was as much at home with St.

shyness - timidité

knitting - tricotage, tricot, (knit), tricoter, souder, unir, se souder

Paul's and the bit of wax-candle, as if they had never known any other roof. Ham, who had been giving me my first lesson in all-fours, was trying to recollect a scheme of telling fortunes with the dirty cards, and was printing off fishy impressions of his thumb on all the cards he turned. Mr. Peggotty was smoking his pipe. I felt it was a time for conversation and confidence.

fishy - poissonneux, petit poisson, ichthyique, suspect

'Mr. Peggotty!'says I.

'Sir,'says he.

'Did you give your son the name of Ham, because you lived in a sort of ark?'

ark - arche

Mr. Peggotty seemed to think it a deep idea, but answered:

'No, sir. I never giv him no name.'

'Who gave him that name, then?'said I, putting question number two of the catechism to Mr. Peggotty.

'Why, sir, his father giv it him,'said Mr. Peggotty.

'I thought you were his father!'

'My brother Joe was his father,'said Mr. Peggotty.

'Dead, Mr. Peggotty?'I hinted, after a respectful pause.

respectful - respectueux

'Drowndead,'said Mr. Peggotty.

I was very much surprised that Mr. Peggotty was not Ham's father, and began to wonder whether I was mistaken about his relationship to anybody else there. I was so curious to know, that I made up my mind to have it out with Mr. Peggotty.

'Little Em'ly,'I said, glancing at her. 'She is your daughter, isn't she, Mr. Peggotty?'

'No, sir. My brother-in-law, Tom, was her father.'

I couldn't help it. '"Dead, Mr. Peggotty?'I hinted, after another respectful silence.

'Drowndead,'said Mr. Peggotty.

I felt the difficulty of resuming the subject, but had not got to the bottom of it yet, and must get to the bottom somehow. So I said:

'Haven't you ANY children, Mr. Peggotty?'

'No, master,'he answered with a short laugh. 'I'm a bacheldore.'

'A bachelor!'I said, astonished. 'Why, who's that, Mr. Peggotty?'pointing to the person in the apron who was knitting.

bachelor - célibataire, licence

'That's Missis Gummidge,'said Mr. Peggotty.

missis - missis

'Gummidge, Mr. Peggotty?'

But at this point Peggotty"I mean my own peculiar Peggotty"made such impressive motions to me not to ask any more questions, that I could only sit and look at all the silent company, until it was time to go to bed.

peculiar - particulier, extraordinaire, bizarre, curieux

Then, in the privacy of my own little cabin, she informed me that Ham and Em'ly were an orphan nephew and niece, whom my host had at different times adopted in their childhood, when they were left destitute: and that Mrs. Gummidge was the widow of his partner in a boat, who had died very poor.

niece - niece, niece

destitute - sans ressources

He was but a poor man himself, said Peggotty, but as good as gold and as true as steel"those were her similes.

similes - des similes, comparaison

The only subject, she informed me, on which he ever showed a violent temper or swore an oath, was this generosity of his; and if it were ever referred to, by any one of them, he struck the table a heavy blow with his right hand (had split it on one such occasion), and swore a dreadful oath that he would be 'Gormed'if he didn't cut and run for good, if it was ever mentioned again.

violent temper - un tempérament violent

oath - serment, juron, jurer

generosity - la générosité, générosité, bonté

It appeared, in answer to my inquiries, that nobody had the least idea of the etymology of this terrible verb passive to be gormed; but that they all regarded it as constituting a most solemn imprecation.

inquiries - des demandes de renseignements, enquete

etymology - étymologie

verb - verbe

passive - passive, passif

constituting - constituant, constituer

most solemn - le plus solennel

imprecation - exécrer, maudire, lancer des imprécations contre, imprécation

I was very sensible of my entertainer's goodness, and listened to the women's going to bed in another little crib like mine at the opposite end of the boat, and to him and Ham hanging up two hammocks for themselves on the hooks I had noticed in the roof, in a very luxurious state of mind, enhanced by my being sleepy.

entertainer - artiste, amuseur, divertisseur

crib - berceau, huche, antiseche

hammocks - des hamacs, hamac, hammock

luxurious - luxueux, de luxe

As slumber gradually stole upon me, I heard the wind howling out at sea and coming on across the flat so fiercely, that I had a lazy apprehension of the great deep rising in the night. But I bethought myself that I was in a boat, after all; and that a man like Mr. Peggotty was not a bad person to have on board if anything did happen.

slumber - sommeil, somnolence, somnoler

howling - hurler, (howl), hurlement

fiercely - férocement, âprement, farouchement

Nothing happened, however, worse than morning. Almost as soon as it shone upon the oyster-shell frame of my mirror I was out of bed, and out with little Em'ly, picking up stones upon the beach.

'You're quite a sailor, I suppose?'I said to Em'ly. I don't know that I supposed anything of the kind, but I felt it an act of gallantry to say something; and a shining sail close to us made such a pretty little image of itself, at the moment, in her bright eye, that it came into my head to say this.

gallantry - la galanterie, courage, galanterie

'No,'replied Em'ly, shaking her head, 'I'm afraid of the sea.'

I'm afraid - J'ai peur

'Afraid!'I said, with a becoming air of boldness, and looking very big at the mighty ocean. 'I an't!'

boldness - l'audace, audace

mighty - puissant

'Ah! but it's cruel,'said Em'ly. 'I have seen it very cruel to some of our men. I have seen it tear a boat as big as our house, all to pieces.'

'I hope it wasn't the boat that"'

'That father was drownded in?'said Em'ly. 'No. Not that one, I never see that boat.'

'Nor him?'I asked her.

Little Em'ly shook her head. 'Not to remember!'

Here was a coincidence!

I immediately went into an explanation how I had never seen my own father; and how my mother and I had always lived by ourselves in the happiest state imaginable, and lived so then, and always meant to live so; and how my father's grave was in the churchyard near our house, and shaded by a tree, beneath the boughs of which I had walked and heard the birds sing many a pleasant morning.

imaginable - imaginable

beneath - dessous

boughs - rameaux, branche

But there were some differences between Em'ly's orphanhood and mine, it appeared. She had lost her mother before her father; and where her father's grave was no one knew, except that it was somewhere in the depths of the sea.

orphanhood - l'orphelinat, orphelinisme

'Besides,'said Em'ly, as she looked about for shells and pebbles, 'your father was a gentleman and your mother is a lady; and my father was a fisherman and my mother was a fisherman's daughter, and my uncle Dan is a fisherman.'

pebbles - des cailloux, galet, gravillon

fisherman - pecheur, pecheur, pecheuse

'Dan is Mr. Peggotty, is he?'said I.

'Uncle Dan"yonder,'answered Em'ly, nodding at the boat-house.

yonder - la-bas, la-bas

'Yes. I mean him. He must be very good, I should think?'

'Good?'said Em'ly. 'If I was ever to be a lady, I'd give him a sky-blue coat with diamond buttons, nankeen trousers, a red velvet waistcoat, a cocked hat, a large gold watch, a silver pipe, and a box of money.'

sky-blue - (sky-blue) bleu ciel

Nankeen - nankeen

cocked - armé, oiseau mâle, coq

I said I had no doubt that Mr. Peggotty well deserved these treasures. I must acknowledge that I felt it difficult to picture him quite at his ease in the raiment proposed for him by his grateful little niece, and that I was particularly doubtful of the policy of the cocked hat; but I kept these sentiments to myself.

ease - l'aisance, facilité, repos, abaisser, abréger, amoindrir

raiment - vetements

sentiments - sentiments, sentiment

Little Em'ly had stopped and looked up at the sky in her enumeration of these articles, as if they were a glorious vision. We went on again, picking up shells and pebbles.

enumeration - énumération

glorious - glorieux, splendide

'You would like to be a lady?'I said.

Emily looked at me, and laughed and nodded 'yes'.

nodded - hoché la tete, dodeliner, hocher, hochement

'I should like it very much. We would all be gentlefolks together, then. Me, and uncle, and Ham, and Mrs. Gummidge. We wouldn't mind then, when there comes stormy weather."-Not for our own sakes, I mean. We would for the poor fishermen's, to be sure, and we'd help 'em with money when they come to any hurt.'This seemed to me to be a very satisfactory and therefore not at all improbable picture.

stormy - orageux

sakes - sakes, dans l'intéret de qqn

satisfactory - satisfaisante, satisfaisant

improbable - invraisemblable, improbable

I expressed my pleasure in the contemplation of it, and little Em'ly was emboldened to say, shyly,

contemplation - contemplation

emboldened - enhardi, encourager, enhardir

shyly - timidement

'Don't you think you are afraid of the sea, now?'

It was quiet enough to reassure me, but I have no doubt if I had seen a moderately large wave come tumbling in, I should have taken to my heels, with an awful recollection of her drowned relations.

reassure - tranquilliser, rassurer, réassurer

moderately - modérément

recollection - mémoire

However, I said 'No,'and I added, 'You don't seem to be either, though you say you are,'"for she was walking much too near the brink of a sort of old jetty or wooden causeway we had strolled upon, and I was afraid of her falling over.

brink - au bord du gouffre, bord, lisiere

jetty - jetée, mole

causeway - pont-jetée, chaussée

'I'm not afraid in this way,'said little Em'ly. 'But I wake when it blows, and tremble to think of Uncle Dan and Ham and believe I hear 'em crying out for help. That's why I should like so much to be a lady. But I'm not afraid in this way. Not a bit. Look here!'

She started from my side, and ran along a jagged timber which protruded from the place we stood upon, and overhung the deep water at some height, without the least defence.

jagged - dentelé, déchiqueté, (jag) dentelé

protruded - en saillie, dépasser, saillir

overhung - en surplomb, surplomber, surplomb

The incident is so impressed on my remembrance, that if I were a draughtsman I could draw its form here, I dare say, accurately as it was that day, and little Em'ly springing forward to her destruction (as it appeared to me), with a look that I have never forgotten, directed far out to sea.

draughtsman - dessinateur

The light, bold, fluttering little figure turned and came back safe to me, and I soon laughed at my fears, and at the cry I had uttered; fruitlessly in any case, for there was no one near.

fluttering - flottement, faséyer, voleter, voltiger, battement

uttered - prononcée, complet, total

But there have been times since, in my manhood, many times there have been, when I have thought, Is it possible, among the possibilities of hidden things, that in the sudden rashness of the child and her wild look so far off, there was any merciful attraction of her into danger, any tempting her towards him permitted on the part of her dead father, that her life might have a chance of ending that day? There has been a time since when I have wondered whether, if the life before her could have been revealed to me at a glance, and so revealed as that a child could fully comprehend it, and if her preservation could have depended on a motion of my hand, I ought to have held it up to save her. There has been a time since"I do not say it lasted long, but it has been"when I have asked myself the question, would it have been better for little Em'ly to have had the waters close above her head that morning in my sight; and when I have answered Yes, it would have been.

manhood - la virilité, humanité, virilité, masculinité

rashness - témérité, irréflexion

merciful - miséricordieux

tempting - tentant, (tempt), tenter, attirer

comprehend - comprendre

preservation - préservation

This may be premature. I have set it down too soon, perhaps. But let it stand.

premature - prématurée, prématuré

We strolled a long way, and loaded ourselves with things that we thought curious, and put some stranded starfish carefully back into the water"I hardly know enough of the race at this moment to be quite certain whether they had reason to feel obliged to us for doing so, or the reverse"and then made our way home to Mr. Peggotty's dwelling.

stranded - en panne, etre échoué

starfish - étoile de mer

reverse - inverser, verso, inverse

dwelling - logement, demeure, (dwell), résider, s'appesantir sur

We stopped under the lee of the lobster-outhouse to exchange an innocent kiss, and went in to breakfast glowing with health and pleasure.

Lee - lee, côté sous le vent

'Like two young mavishes,'Mr. Peggotty said. I knew this meant, in our local dialect, like two young thrushes, and received it as a compliment.

dialect - dialecte, patois

compliment - compliment, complimenter, faire un compliment

Of course I was in love with little Em'ly. I am sure I loved that baby quite as truly, quite as tenderly, with greater purity and more disinterestedness, than can enter into the best love of a later time of life, high and ennobling as it is. I am sure my fancy raised up something round that blue-eyed mite of a child, which etherealized, and made a very angel of her.

tenderly - tendrement

purity - la pureté, pureté

disinterestedness - le désintéressement, désintéressement

ennobling - ennoblir, anoblir

mite - mite, acarien

angel - ange

If, any sunny forenoon, she had spread a little pair of wings and flown away before my eyes, I don't think I should have regarded it as much more than I had had reason to expect.

sunny - ensoleillé

flown away - S'envoler

We used to walk about that dim old flat at Yarmouth in a loving manner, hours and hours. The days sported by us, as if Time had not grown up himself yet, but were a child too, and always at play. I told Em'ly I adored her, and that unless she confessed she adored me I should be reduced to the necessity of killing myself with a sword. She said she did, and I have no doubt she did.

dim - dim, faible, vague

adored - adorée, adorer

sword - l'épée, épée, glaive, épéiste

As to any sense of inequality, or youthfulness, or other difficulty in our way, little Em'ly and I had no such trouble, because we had no future. We made no more provision for growing older, than we did for growing younger. We were the admiration of Mrs. Gummidge and Peggotty, who used to whisper of an evening when we sat, lovingly, on our little locker side by side, 'Lor! wasn't it beautiful!'Mr.

inequality - l'inégalité, inégalité, inéquation

youthfulness - la jeunesse

provision - disposition, provision, provisionner

lovingly - avec amour

locker - casier

Peggotty smiled at us from behind his pipe, and Ham grinned all the evening and did nothing else. They had something of the sort of pleasure in us, I suppose, that they might have had in a pretty toy, or a pocket model of the Colosseum.

grinned - ricané, avoir un grand sourire

Colosseum - Colisée

I soon found out that Mrs. Gummidge did not always make herself so agreeable as she might have been expected to do, under the circumstances of her residence with Mr. Peggotty. Mrs. Gummidge's was rather a fretful disposition, and she whimpered more sometimes than was comfortable for other parties in so small an establishment.

residence - résidence, siege social

fretful - irritable, agité, fébrile

whimpered - pleurniché, gémissement, gémir, pleurnicher

establishment - établissement, systeme, classe dirigeante, establishment

I was very sorry for her; but there were moments when it would have been more agreeable, I thought, if Mrs. Gummidge had had a convenient apartment of her own to retire to, and had stopped there until her spirits revived.

Mr. Peggotty went occasionally to a public-house called The Willing Mind. I discovered this, by his being out on the second or third evening of our visit, and by Mrs. Gummidge's looking up at the Dutch clock, between eight and nine, and saying he was there, and that, what was more, she had known in the morning he would go there.

Mrs. Gummidge had been in a low state all day, and had burst into tears in the forenoon, when the fire smoked. 'I am a lone lorn creetur','were Mrs. Gummidge's words, when that unpleasant occurrence took place, 'and everythink goes contrary with me.'

Lone - solitaire, seul, isolé, unique

Lorn - lorn

Occurrence - occurrence

everythink - tout

'Oh, it'll soon leave off,'said Peggotty"I again mean our Peggotty"'and besides, you know, it's not more disagreeable to you than to us.'

'I feel it more,'said Mrs. Gummidge.

It was a very cold day, with cutting blasts of wind. Mrs. Gummidge's peculiar corner of the fireside seemed to me to be the warmest and snuggest in the place, as her chair was certainly the easiest, but it didn't suit her that day at all. She was constantly complaining of the cold, and of its occasioning a visitation in her back which she called 'the creeps'.

blasts - des explosions, souffle

snuggest - plus serré, confortable, douillet

visitation - les visites, droit de visite

creeps - des monstres, ramper, rampement, fatigue, fluage, reptation

At last she shed tears on that subject, and said again that she was 'a lone lorn creetur'and everythink went contrary with her'.

shed tears - verser des larmes

'It is certainly very cold,'said Peggotty. 'Everybody must feel it so.'

'I feel it more than other people,'said Mrs. Gummidge.

So at dinner; when Mrs. Gummidge was always helped immediately after me, to whom the preference was given as a visitor of distinction. The fish were small and bony, and the potatoes were a little burnt. We all acknowledged that we felt this something of a disappointment; but Mrs.

distinction - distinction, différence

bony - osseux

Gummidge said she felt it more than we did, and shed tears again, and made that former declaration with great bitterness.

declaration - déclaration

bitterness - l'amertume, amertume

Accordingly, when Mr. Peggotty came home about nine o'clock, this unfortunate Mrs. Gummidge was knitting in her corner, in a very wretched and miserable condition. Peggotty had been working cheerfully. Ham had been patching up a great pair of waterboots; and I, with little Em'ly by my side, had been reading to them. Mrs.

accordingly - en conséquence, conséquemment

wretched - misérable

cheerfully - réjouie

patching up - rafistoler

waterboots - des bottes d'eau

Gummidge had never made any other remark than a forlorn sigh, and had never raised her eyes since tea.

forlorn - délaissée, abandonné, perdu, miserable, désespéré

sigh - soupir

'Well, Mates,'said Mr. Peggotty, taking his seat, 'and how are you?'

We all said something, or looked something, to welcome him, except Mrs. Gummidge, who only shook her head over her knitting.

'What's amiss?'said Mr. Peggotty, with a clap of his hands. 'Cheer up, old Mawther!'(Mr. Peggotty meant old girl.)

clap - applaudir, claquent, claquer, applaudissement, claquez

Mrs. Gummidge did not appear to be able to cheer up. She took out an old black silk handkerchief and wiped her eyes; but instead of putting it in her pocket, kept it out, and wiped them again, and still kept it out, ready for use.

wiped - essuyé, essuyer

'What's amiss, dame?'said Mr. Peggotty.

'Nothing,'returned Mrs. Gummidge. 'You've come from The Willing Mind, Dan'l?'

'Why yes, I've took a short spell at The Willing Mind tonight,'said Mr. Peggotty.

'I'm sorry I should drive you there,'said Mrs. Gummidge.

'Drive! I don't want no driving,'returned Mr. Peggotty with an honest laugh. 'I only go too ready.'

'Very ready,'said Mrs. Gummidge, shaking her head, and wiping her eyes. 'Yes, yes, very ready. I am sorry it should be along of me that you're so ready.'

wiping - essuyant, (wipe) essuyant

'Along o'you! It an't along o'you!'said Mr. Peggotty. 'Don't ye believe a bit on it.'

ye - ou, lequel

'Yes, yes, it is,'cried Mrs. Gummidge. 'I know what I am. I know that I am a lone lorn creetur', and not only that everythink goes contrary with me, but that I go contrary with everybody. Yes, yes. I feel more than other people do, and I show it more. It's my misfortun'.'

misfortun - malheur

I really couldn't help thinking, as I sat taking in all this, that the misfortune extended to some other members of that family besides Mrs. Gummidge. But Mr. Peggotty made no such retort, only answering with another entreaty to Mrs. Gummidge to cheer up.

retort - réplique, rétorquer

entreaty - demande, supplication

'I an't what I could wish myself to be,'said Mrs. Gummidge. 'I am far from it. I know what I am. My troubles has made me contrary. I feel my troubles, and they make me contrary. I wish I didn't feel 'em, but I do. I wish I could be hardened to 'em, but I an't. I make the house uncomfortable. I don't wonder at it. I've made your sister so all day, and Master Davy.'

Here I was suddenly melted, and roared out, 'No, you haven't, Mrs. Gummidge,'in great mental distress.

roared - a rugi, rugir, hurler, s'esclaffer, rire aux éclats

'It's far from right that I should do it,'said Mrs. Gummidge. 'It an't a fit return. I had better go into the house and die. I am a lone lorn creetur', and had much better not make myself contrary here. If thinks must go contrary with me, and I must go contrary myself, let me go contrary in my parish. Dan'l, I'd better go into the house, and die and be a riddance!'

riddance - débarrasser

Mrs. Gummidge retired with these words, and betook herself to bed. When she was gone, Mr. Peggotty, who had not exhibited a trace of any feeling but the profoundest sympathy, looked round upon us, and nodding his head with a lively expression of that sentiment still animating his face, said in a whisper:

profoundest - le plus profond, profond

animating - animer, animé

'She's been thinking of the old 'un!'

un - un, ONU

I did not quite understand what old one Mrs. Gummidge was supposed to have fixed her mind upon, until Peggotty, on seeing me to bed, explained that it was the late Mr. Gummidge; and that her brother always took that for a received truth on such occasions, and that it always had a moving effect upon him.

Some time after he was in his hammock that night, I heard him myself repeat to Ham, 'Poor thing! She's been thinking of the old 'un!'And whenever Mrs. Gummidge was overcome in a similar manner during the remainder of our stay (which happened some few times), he always said the same thing in extenuation of the circumstance, and always with the tenderest commiseration.

hammock - hamac, hammock

remainder - reste, restant, checkreste, checkrésidu, checkinvendu

extenuation - extenuation

tenderest - le plus tendre, tendre

commiseration - la commisération, commisération

So the fortnight slipped away, varied by nothing but the variation of the tide, which altered Mr. Peggotty's times of going out and coming in, and altered Ham's engagements also. When the latter was unemployed, he sometimes walked with us to show us the boats and ships, and once or twice he took us for a row.

engagements - engagements, fiançailles-p

Row - rangée, tintamarre, canoter, ramer

I don't know why one slight set of impressions should be more particularly associated with a place than another, though I believe this obtains with most people, in reference especially to the associations of their childhood.

I never hear the name, or read the name, of Yarmouth, but I am reminded of a certain Sunday morning on the beach, the bells ringing for church, little Em'ly leaning on my shoulder, Ham lazily dropping stones into the water, and the sun, away at sea, just breaking through the heavy mist, and showing us the ships, like their own shadows.

lazily - paresseusement

mist - brouillard, brume

At last the day came for going home. I bore up against the separation from Mr. Peggotty and Mrs. Gummidge, but my agony of mind at leaving little Em'ly was piercing. We went arm-in-arm to the public-house where the carrier put up, and I promised, on the road, to write to her.

agony - l'agonie, agonie, angoisse

piercing - piercing, perçant, (pierce)

(I redeemed that promise afterwards, in characters larger than those in which apartments are usually announced in manuscript, as being to let.) We were greatly overcome at parting; and if ever, in my life, I have had a void made in my heart, I had one made that day.

redeemed - rachetés, racheter, libérer, secourir, soulager

manuscript - manuscrit

void - vide, vacuum

Now, all the time I had been on my visit, I had been ungrateful to my home again, and had thought little or nothing about it. But I was no sooner turned towards it, than my reproachful young conscience seemed to point that way with a ready finger; and I felt, all the more for the sinking of my spirits, that it was my nest, and that my mother was my comforter and friend.

ungrateful to - ingrats

reproachful - des reproches

conscience - conscience

nest - nid, patelin

comforter - couette, consolateur

This gained upon me as we went along; so that the nearer we drew, the more familiar the objects became that we passed, the more excited I was to get there, and to run into her arms. But Peggotty, instead of sharing in those transports, tried to check them (though very kindly), and looked confused and out of sorts.

Blunderstone Rookery would come, however, in spite of her, when the carrier's horse pleased"and did. How well I recollect it, on a cold grey afternoon, with a dull sky, threatening rain!

The door opened, and I looked, half laughing and half crying in my pleasant agitation, for my mother. It was not she, but a strange servant.

'Why, Peggotty!'I said, ruefully, 'isn't she come home?'

ruefully - avec dépit

'Yes, yes, Master Davy,'said Peggotty. 'She's come home. Wait a bit, Master Davy, and I'll"I'll tell you something.'

Between her agitation, and her natural awkwardness in getting out of the cart, Peggotty was making a most extraordinary festoon of herself, but I felt too blank and strange to tell her so. When she had got down, she took me by the hand; led me, wondering, into the kitchen; and shut the door.

awkwardness - maladresse

festoon - feston, guirlande, guirlande lumineuse, enguirlander

'Peggotty!'said I, quite frightened. 'What's the matter?'

'Nothing's the matter, bless you, Master Davy dear!'she answered, assuming an air of sprightliness.

sprightliness - la luminosité

'Something's the matter, I'm sure. Where's mama?'

'Where's mama, Master Davy?'repeated Peggotty.

'Yes. Why hasn't she come out to the gate, and what have we come in here for? Oh, Peggotty!'My eyes were full, and I felt as if I were going to tumble down.

tumble - culbute, dégringoler, culbuter

'Bless the precious boy!'cried Peggotty, taking hold of me. 'What is it? Speak, my pet!'

'Not dead, too! Oh, she's not dead, Peggotty?'

Peggotty cried out No! with an astonishing volume of voice; and then sat down, and began to pant, and said I had given her a turn.

pant - pant, haleter

I gave her a hug to take away the turn, or to give her another turn in the right direction, and then stood before her, looking at her in anxious inquiry.

hug - embrassade, étreinte, câlin, accolade, étreindre

inquiry - demande, enquete

'You see, dear, I should have told you before now,'said Peggotty, 'but I hadn't an opportunity. I ought to have made it, perhaps, but I couldn't azackly'"that was always the substitute for exactly, in Peggotty's militia of words"'bring my mind to it.'

substitute - mettre, remplaçant, substitut

militia - milice

'Go on, Peggotty,'said I, more frightened than before.

more frightened - plus effrayé

'Master Davy,'said Peggotty, untying her bonnet with a shaking hand, and speaking in a breathless sort of way. 'What do you think? You have got a Pa!'

untying - le détachement, détacher, délier

Pa - papa, pépé

I trembled, and turned white. Something"I don't know what, or how"connected with the grave in the churchyard, and the raising of the dead, seemed to strike me like an unwholesome wind.

trembled - tremblait, trembler, vibrer, tremblement, vibration

unwholesome - malsain

'A new one,'said Peggotty.

'A new one?'I repeated.

Peggotty gave a gasp, as if she were swallowing something that was very hard, and, putting out her hand, said:

gasp - haletant, retenir son souffle, haleter, ahaner, haletement

'Come and see him.'

'I don't want to see him.'"'And your mama,'said Peggotty.

I ceased to draw back, and we went straight to the best parlour, where she left me. On one side of the fire, sat my mother; on the other, Mr. Murdstone. My mother dropped her work, and arose hurriedly, but timidly I thought.

hurriedly - en toute hâte, a la hâte, a la sauvette, a la va-vite

timidly - timidement

'Now, Clara my dear,'said Mr. Murdstone. 'Recollect! control yourself, always control yourself! Davy boy, how do you do?'

I gave him my hand. After a moment of suspense, I went and kissed my mother: she kissed me, patted me gently on the shoulder, and sat down again to her work. I could not look at her, I could not look at him, I knew quite well that he was looking at us both; and I turned to the window and looked out there, at some shrubs that were drooping their heads in the cold.

suspense - suspension, suspense, angoisse, anxiété, appréhension

shrubs - des arbustes, arbuste

As soon as I could creep away, I crept upstairs. My old dear bedroom was changed, and I was to lie a long way off. I rambled downstairs to find anything that was like itself, so altered it all seemed; and roamed into the yard.

creep - rampant, ramper, rampement, fatigue, fluage, reptation

crept - rampé, ramper, rampement, fatigue, fluage, reptation

rambled - divagué, flâner, se balader, divaguer, radoter

roamed - a erré, errer

I very soon started back from there, for the empty dog-kennel was filled up with a great dog"deep mouthed and black-haired like Him"and he was very angry at the sight of me, and sprang out to get at me.

haired - cheveux


disgrace - la disgrâce, honte, disgrâce, ignominie

If the room to which my bed was removed were a sentient thing that could give evidence, I might appeal to it at this day"who sleeps there now, I wonder!"to bear witness for me what a heavy heart I carried to it.

sentient - sensible, doué de sensation, conscient, sentient

I went up there, hearing the dog in the yard bark after me all the way while I climbed the stairs; and, looking as blank and strange upon the room as the room looked upon me, sat down with my small hands crossed, and thought.

bark - l'écorce, écorce, coque, aboyer

I thought of the oddest things. Of the shape of the room, of the cracks in the ceiling, of the paper on the walls, of the flaws in the window-glass making ripples and dimples on the prospect, of the washing-stand being rickety on its three legs, and having a discontented something about it, which reminded me of Mrs. Gummidge under the influence of the old one.

flaws - défauts, défaut, faille

ripples - ondulations, ondulation

dimples - des fossettes, alvéole, fossette

rickety - bancal, branlant, délabré, boiteux, rachitique

I was crying all the time, but, except that I was conscious of being cold and dejected, I am sure I never thought why I cried. At last in my desolation I began to consider that I was dreadfully in love with little Em'ly, and had been torn away from her to come here where no one seemed to want me, or to care about me, half as much as she did.

torn away - arraché

This made such a very miserable piece of business of it, that I rolled myself up in a corner of the counterpane, and cried myself to sleep.

I was awoke by somebody saying 'Here he is!'and uncovering my hot head. My mother and Peggotty had come to look for me, and it was one of them who had done it.

uncovering - a découvert, découvrir

'Davy,'said my mother. 'What's the matter?'

I thought it was very strange that she should ask me, and answered, 'Nothing.'I turned over on my face, I recollect, to hide my trembling lip, which answered her with greater truth. 'Davy,'said my mother. 'Davy, my child!'

I dare say no words she could have uttered would have affected me so much, then, as her calling me her child. I hid my tears in the bedclothes, and pressed her from me with my hand, when she would have raised me up.

bedclothes - le linge de lit, linge de lit

'This is your doing, Peggotty, you cruel thing!'said my mother. 'I have no doubt at all about it. How can you reconcile it to your conscience, I wonder, to prejudice my own boy against me, or against anybody who is dear to me? What do you mean by it, Peggotty?'

reconcile - se réconcilier, réconcilier

prejudice - préjugés, préjugé, idée préconçue, préjudice

Poor Peggotty lifted up her hands and eyes, and only answered, in a sort of paraphrase of the grace I usually repeated after dinner, 'Lord forgive you, Mrs. Copperfield, and for what you have said this minute, may you never be truly sorry!'

paraphrase - paraphrase, paraphraser

grace - bénédicité, grâces, grâce, miséricorde

'It's enough to distract me,'cried my mother. 'In my honeymoon, too, when my most inveterate enemy might relent, one would think, and not envy me a little peace of mind and happiness. Davy, you naughty boy! Peggotty, you savage creature! Oh, dear me!

honeymoon - lune de miel, voyage de noces

inveterate - invétéré

relent - renoncer, se retirer, (relend) renoncer

envy - l'envie, envie, jalousie, convoitise, envier

savage - barbare, féroce, sauvage

'cried my mother, turning from one of us to the other, in her pettish wilful manner, 'what a troublesome world this is, when one has the most right to expect it to be as agreeable as possible!'

pettish - pétainiste

troublesome - genants

most right - Le plus juste

I felt the touch of a hand that I knew was neither hers nor Peggotty's, and slipped to my feet at the bed-side. It was Mr. Murdstone's hand, and he kept it on my arm as he said:

'What's this? Clara, my love, have you forgotten?"Firmness, my dear!'

firmness - la fermeté, fermeté

'I am very sorry, Edward,'said my mother. 'I meant to be very good, but I am so uncomfortable.'

Edward - edward, Édouard

'Indeed!'he answered. 'That's a bad hearing, so soon, Clara.'

'I say it's very hard I should be made so now,'returned my mother, pouting; 'and it is"very hard"isn't it?'

pouting - faire la moue, (pout) faire la moue

He drew her to him, whispered in her ear, and kissed her. I knew as well, when I saw my mother's head lean down upon his shoulder, and her arm touch his neck"I knew as well that he could mould her pliant nature into any form he chose, as I know, now, that he did it.

mould - moule, modeler

pliant - souple

'Go you below, my love,'said Mr. Murdstone. 'David and I will come down, together. My friend,'turning a darkening face on Peggotty, when he had watched my mother out, and dismissed her with a nod and a smile; 'do you know your mistress's name?'

darkening - l'assombrissement, obscurcir, assombrir, foncer

nod - hochement de tete, dodeliner, hocher, hochement

'She has been my mistress a long time, sir,'answered Peggotty, 'I ought to know it.''That's true,'he answered. 'But I thought I heard you, as I came upstairs, address her by a name that is not hers. She has taken mine, you know. Will you remember that?'

That's true - C'est vrai

Peggotty, with some uneasy glances at me, curtseyed herself out of the room without replying; seeing, I suppose, that she was expected to go, and had no excuse for remaining. When we two were left alone, he shut the door, and sitting on a chair, and holding me standing before him, looked steadily into my eyes. I felt my own attracted, no less steadily, to his.

glances - regards, jeter un coup d’oil, coup d'oil

curtseyed - en faisant la révérence, révérence, faire la révérence

As I recall our being opposed thus, face to face, I seem again to hear my heart beat fast and high.

'David,'he said, making his lips thin, by pressing them together, 'if I have an obstinate horse or dog to deal with, what do you think I do?'

obstinate - obstiné

'I don't know.'

'I beat him.'

I had answered in a kind of breathless whisper, but I felt, in my silence, that my breath was shorter now.

'I make him wince, and smart. I say to myself, śI'll conquer that fellowť; and if it were to cost him all the blood he had, I should do it. What is that upon your face?'

wince - grimacer

conquer - conquérir

'Dirt,'I said.

He knew it was the mark of tears as well as I. But if he had asked the question twenty times, each time with twenty blows, I believe my baby heart would have burst before I would have told him so.

'You have a good deal of intelligence for a little fellow,'he said, with a grave smile that belonged to him, 'and you understood me very well, I see. Wash that face, sir, and come down with me.'

He pointed to the washing-stand, which I had made out to be like Mrs. Gummidge, and motioned me with his head to obey him directly. I had little doubt then, and I have less doubt now, that he would have knocked me down without the least compunction, if I had hesitated.

compunction - complication, scrupule, remords, componction

'Clara, my dear,'he said, when I had done his bidding, and he walked me into the parlour, with his hand still on my arm; 'you will not be made uncomfortable any more, I hope. We shall soon improve our youthful humours.'

God help me, I might have been improved for my whole life, I might have been made another creature perhaps, for life, by a kind word at that season.

A word of encouragement and explanation, of pity for my childish ignorance, of welcome home, of reassurance to me that it was home, might have made me dutiful to him in my heart henceforth, instead of in my hypocritical outside, and might have made me respect instead of hate him.

encouragement - d'encouragement, encouragement

ignorance - l'ignorance, ignorance

reassurance - contre assurance

dutiful - consciencieux

I thought my mother was sorry to see me standing in the room so scared and strange, and that, presently, when I stole to a chair, she followed me with her eyes more sorrowfully still"missing, perhaps, some freedom in my childish tread"but the word was not spoken, and the time for it was gone.

sorrowfully - avec tristesse

tread - la bande de roulement, piétiner, escabeau

We dined alone, we three together. He seemed to be very fond of my mother"I am afraid I liked him none the better for that"and she was very fond of him. I gathered from what they said, that an elder sister of his was coming to stay with them, and that she was expected that evening.

dined - dîné, dîner

I am not certain whether I found out then, or afterwards, that, without being actively concerned in any business, he had some share in, or some annual charge upon the profits of, a wine-merchant's house in London, with which his family had been connected from his great-grandfather's time, and in which his sister had a similar interest; but I may mention it in this place, whether or no.

actively - activement

merchant - marchand, marchande

great-grandfather - (great-grandfather) arriere-grand-pere

After dinner, when we were sitting by the fire, and I was meditating an escape to Peggotty without having the hardihood to slip away, lest it should offend the master of the house, a coach drove up to the garden-gate and he went out to receive the visitor. My mother followed him.

meditating - méditer

hardihood - hardiesse

I was timidly following her, when she turned round at the parlour door, in the dusk, and taking me in her embrace as she had been used to do, whispered me to love my new father and be obedient to him.

dusk - crépuscule

obedient - obéissant

She did this hurriedly and secretly, as if it were wrong, but tenderly; and, putting out her hand behind her, held mine in it, until we came near to where he was standing in the garden, where she let mine go, and drew hers through his arm.

secretly - secretement, secretement, en cachette

It was Miss Murdstone who was arrived, and a gloomy-looking lady she was; dark, like her brother, whom she greatly resembled in face and voice; and with very heavy eyebrows, nearly meeting over her large nose, as if, being disabled by the wrongs of her sex from wearing whiskers, she had carried them to that account.

gloomy - morose, lugubre, sombre, terne, maussade

resembled - ressemblait, ressembler

She brought with her two uncompromising hard black boxes, with her initials on the lids in hard brass nails. When she paid the coachman she took her money out of a hard steel purse, and she kept the purse in a very jail of a bag which hung upon her arm by a heavy chain, and shut up like a bite. I had never, at that time, seen such a metallic lady altogether as Miss Murdstone was.

uncompromising - intransigeant

lids - couvercles, couvercle

coachman - cocher

purse - sac a main, bourse, portemonnaie, portefeuille, sac a main

metallic - métallique, métalisé

She was brought into the parlour with many tokens of welcome, and there formally recognized my mother as a new and near relation. Then she looked at me, and said:

tokens - des jetons, symbole, jeton, symbolique

formally - officiellement, formellement

'Is that your boy, sister-in-law?'

My mother acknowledged me.

'Generally speaking,'said Miss Murdstone, 'I don't like boys. How d'ye do, boy?'

Under these encouraging circumstances, I replied that I was very well, and that I hoped she was the same; with such an indifferent grace, that Miss Murdstone disposed of me in two words:

indifferent - indifférent

'Wants manner!'

Having uttered which, with great distinctness, she begged the favour of being shown to her room, which became to me from that time forth a place of awe and dread, wherein the two black boxes were never seen open or known to be left unlocked, and where (for I peeped in once or twice when she was out) numerous little steel fetters and rivets, with which Miss Murdstone embellished herself when she was dressed, generally hung upon the looking-glass in formidable array.

distinctness - distinction

forth - avant, en avant

wherein - ou

unlocked - déverrouillé, déverrouiller, débloquer

peeped - épié, regarder qqch a la dérobée

fetters - des entraves, entrave, fers-p, obstacle, entraver

rivets - rivets, rivet, riveter

embellished - embelli, embellir

array - gamme, kyrielle, ribambelle, éventail, tableau

As well as I could make out, she had come for good, and had no intention of ever going again. She began to 'help'my mother next morning, and was in and out of the store-closet all day, putting things to rights, and making havoc in the old arrangements.

havoc - le chaos, chaos, dévastation, bazar

Almost the first remarkable thing I observed in Miss Murdstone was, her being constantly haunted by a suspicion that the servants had a man secreted somewhere on the premises. Under the influence of this delusion, she dived into the coal-cellar at the most untimely hours, and scarcely ever opened the door of a dark cupboard without clapping it to again, in the belief that she had got him.

haunted - hanté, hanter, demeurer, point de rencontre

suspicion - suspicion, soupçon

premises - locaux, prémisse, local

delusion - illusion, délire

cellar - cave

untimely - inopportun, intempestif, vert

scarcely - a peine, a peine, guere

Though there was nothing very airy about Miss Murdstone, she was a perfect Lark in point of getting up. She was up (and, as I believe to this hour, looking for that man) before anybody in the house was stirring.

airy - aéré

lark - alouette

stirring - l'agitation, passionnant

Peggotty gave it as her opinion that she even slept with one eye open; but I could not concur in this idea; for I tried it myself after hearing the suggestion thrown out, and found it couldn't be done.

concur - concordent, etre d'accord, convenir

On the very first morning after her arrival she was up and ringing her bell at cock-crow. When my mother came down to breakfast and was going to make the tea, Miss Murdstone gave her a kind of peck on the cheek, which was her nearest approach to a kiss, and said:

cock-crow - (cock-crow) Chant du cock

'Now, Clara, my dear, I am come here, you know, to relieve you of all the trouble I can. You're much too pretty and thoughtless'"my mother blushed but laughed, and seemed not to dislike this character"'to have any duties imposed upon you that can be undertaken by me. If you'll be so good as give me your keys, my dear, I'll attend to all this sort of thing in future.'

thoughtless - inattentionné, irréfléchi

blushed - rougi, rougeur

From that time, Miss Murdstone kept the keys in her own little jail all day, and under her pillow all night, and my mother had no more to do with them than I had.

pillow - oreiller, tetiere

My mother did not suffer her authority to pass from her without a shadow of protest. One night when Miss Murdstone had been developing certain household plans to her brother, of which he signified his approbation, my mother suddenly began to cry, and said she thought she might have been consulted.

signified - signifié, (signify), signifier

approbation - approbation

'Clara!'said Mr. Murdstone sternly. 'Clara! I wonder at you.'

sternly - séverement

'Oh, it's very well to say you wonder, Edward!'cried my mother, 'and it's very well for you to talk about firmness, but you wouldn't like it yourself.'

Firmness, I may observe, was the grand quality on which both Mr. and Miss Murdstone took their stand. However I might have expressed my comprehension of it at that time, if I had been called upon, I nevertheless did clearly comprehend in my own way, that it was another name for tyranny; and for a certain gloomy, arrogant, devil's humour, that was in them both.

comprehension - compréhension, entendement

tyranny - la tyrannie, tyrannie

devil - Diable, Satan, type

The creed, as I should state it now, was this. Mr. Murdstone was firm; nobody in his world was to be so firm as Mr. Murdstone; nobody else in his world was to be firm at all, for everybody was to be bent to his firmness. Miss Murdstone was an exception. She might be firm, but only by relationship, and in an inferior and tributary degree. My mother was another exception.

creed - croyance, crédo, (cree) croyance

inferior - inférieur

tributary - affluent

She might be firm, and must be; but only in bearing their firmness, and firmly believing there was no other firmness upon earth.

'It's very hard,'said my mother, 'that in my own house"'

'My own house?'repeated Mr. Murdstone. 'Clara!'

'OUR own house, I mean,'faltered my mother, evidently frightened"'I hope you must know what I mean, Edward"it's very hard that in YOUR own house I may not have a word to say about domestic matters. I am sure I managed very well before we were married. There's evidence,'said my mother, sobbing; 'ask Peggotty if I didn't do very well when I wasn't interfered with!'

interfered - interféré, meler

'Edward,'said Miss Murdstone, 'let there be an end of this. I go tomorrow.'

'Jane Murdstone,'said her brother, 'be silent! How dare you to insinuate that you don't know my character better than your words imply?'

insinuate - insinuer

'I am sure,'my poor mother went on, at a grievous disadvantage, and with many tears, 'I don't want anybody to go. I should be very miserable and unhappy if anybody was to go. I Don't ask much. I am not unreasonable. I only want to be consulted sometimes. I am very much obliged to anybody who assists me, and I only want to be consulted as a mere form, sometimes.

grievous - grave

Don't ask - Ne pas demander

not unreasonable - pas déraisonnable

mere - simple

I thought you were pleased, once, with my being a little inexperienced and girlish, Edward"I am sure you said so"but you seem to hate me for it now, you are so severe.'

inexperienced - inexpérimenté

girlish - féminin, fille

'Edward,'said Miss Murdstone, again, 'let there be an end of this. I go tomorrow.'

'Jane Murdstone,'thundered Mr. Murdstone. 'Will you be silent? How dare you?'

thundered - tonné, tonnerre, tonner, tonitruer

Miss Murdstone made a jail-delivery of her pocket-handkerchief, and held it before her eyes.

'Clara,'he continued, looking at my mother, 'you surprise me! You astound me! Yes, I had a satisfaction in the thought of marrying an inexperienced and artless person, and forming her character, and infusing into it some amount of that firmness and decision of which it stood in need.

astound - surprendre, étonner, stupéfier, ébahir, épater

artless - sans art

infusing - infusion, infuser

But when Jane Murdstone is kind enough to come to my assistance in this endeavour, and to assume, for my sake, a condition something like a housekeeper's, and when she meets with a base return"'

sake - du saké, dans l'intéret de qqn

housekeeper - femme de ménage, gouvernante, ménagere

'Oh, pray, pray, Edward,'cried my mother, 'don't accuse me of being ungrateful. I am sure I am not ungrateful. No one ever said I was before. I have many faults, but not that. Oh, don't, my dear!'

ungrateful - ingrat

'When Jane Murdstone meets, I say,'he went on, after waiting until my mother was silent, 'with a base return, that feeling of mine is chilled and altered.'

chilled - réfrigéré, froid

'Don't, my love, say that!'implored my mother very piteously. 'Oh, don't, Edward! I can't bear to hear it. Whatever I am, I am affectionate. I know I am affectionate. I wouldn't say it, if I wasn't sure that I am. Ask Peggotty. I am sure she'll tell you I'm affectionate.'

piteously - piteusement

affectionate - affectueux

'There is no extent of mere weakness, Clara,'said Mr. Murdstone in reply, 'that can have the least weight with me. You lose breath.'

'Pray let us be friends,'said my mother, 'I couldn't live under coldness or unkindness. I am so sorry. I have a great many defects, I know, and it's very good of you, Edward, with your strength of mind, to endeavour to correct them for me. Jane, I don't object to anything. I should be quite broken-hearted if you thought of leaving"'My mother was too much overcome to go on.

coldness - froideur, froid

unkindness - la méchanceté

defects - défauts, défaut, déserter, passer a, rench: -neededr

'Jane Murdstone,'said Mr. Murdstone to his sister, 'any harsh words between us are, I hope, uncommon. It is not my fault that so unusual an occurrence has taken place tonight. I was betrayed into it by another. Nor is it your fault. You were betrayed into it by another. Let us both try to forget it.

harsh - sévere, sévere, rude, cruel, dur, checkdure

betrayed - trahi, trahir, livrer

And as this,'he added, after these magnanimous words, 'is not a fit scene for the boy"David, go to bed!'

magnanimous - magnanime

I could hardly find the door, through the tears that stood in my eyes. I was so sorry for my mother's distress; but I groped my way out, and groped my way up to my room in the dark, without even having the heart to say good night to Peggotty, or to get a candle from her.

groped - tripoté, tâter, tâtonner, tripoter, peloter

When her coming up to look for me, an hour or so afterwards, awoke me, she said that my mother had gone to bed poorly, and that Mr. and Miss Murdstone were sitting alone.

Going down next morning rather earlier than usual, I paused outside the parlour door, on hearing my mother's voice. She was very earnestly and humbly entreating Miss Murdstone's pardon, which that lady granted, and a perfect reconciliation took place.

earnestly - sincerement, sérieusement

humbly - humblement

Entreating - l'offrande, supplier

reconciliation - réconciliation, raccommodement, rapprochement

I never knew my mother afterwards to give an opinion on any matter, without first appealing to Miss Murdstone, or without having first ascertained by some sure means, what Miss Murdstone's opinion was; and I never saw Miss Murdstone, when out of temper (she was infirm that way), move her hand towards her bag as if she were going to take out the keys and offer to resign them to my mother, without seeing that my mother was in a terrible fright.

ascertained - vérifié, constater, définir

infirm - infirme, infirmer

fright - d'effroi, anxiété, peur, frayeur

The gloomy taint that was in the Murdstone blood, darkened the Murdstone religion, which was austere and wrathful. I have thought, since, that its assuming that character was a necessary consequence of Mr. Murdstone's firmness, which wouldn't allow him to let anybody off from the utmost weight of the severest penalties he could find any excuse for.

taint - taint, entachez, entachent, entachons

darkened - assombri, obscurcir, assombrir, foncer

austere - austere, austere

wrathful - courroucé

Be this as it may, I well remember the tremendous visages with which we used to go to church, and the changed air of the place. Again, the dreaded Sunday comes round, and I file into the old pew first, like a guarded captive brought to a condemned service.

dreaded - redouté, redouter, craindre, crainte

captive - captif, captive

condemned - condamnée, condamner, déclarer coupable

Again, Miss Murdstone, in a black velvet gown, that looks as if it had been made out of a pall, follows close upon me; then my mother; then her husband. There is no Peggotty now, as in the old time. Again, I listen to Miss Murdstone mumbling the responses, and emphasizing all the dread words with a cruel relish.

Pall - pall, drap mortuaire, voile

mumbling - marmonner, marmonnant, (mumble)

relish - relish, savourer, parfumer

Again, I see her dark eyes roll round the church when she says 'miserable sinners', as if she were calling all the congregation names. Again, I catch rare glimpses of my mother, moving her lips timidly between the two, with one of them muttering at each ear like low thunder. Again, I wonder with a sudden fear whether it is likely that our good old clergyman can be wrong, and Mr.

sinners - pécheurs, pécheur, pécheresse

congregation - la congrégation, rassemblement, assemblée des fideles

glimpses - des aperçus, aperçu, entrevoir

muttering - marmonner, grommellement, (mutter) marmonner

thunder - le tonnerre, tonnerre, tonitruer

and Miss Murdstone right, and that all the angels in Heaven can be destroying angels. Again, if I move a finger or relax a muscle of my face, Miss Murdstone pokes me with her prayer-book, and makes my side ache.

angels - anges, ange

pokes - pokes, enfoncer (dans)

Yes, and again, as we walk home, I note some neighbours looking at my mother and at me, and whispering. Again, as the three go on arm-in-arm, and I linger behind alone, I follow some of those looks, and wonder if my mother's step be really not so light as I have seen it, and if the gaiety of her beauty be really almost worried away.

linger - s'attarder, s'installer, stagner, s'incruster, s'éteindre

Again, I wonder whether any of the neighbours call to mind, as I do, how we used to walk home together, she and I; and I wonder stupidly about that, all the dreary dismal day.

stupidly - stupidement, betement

dreary - lugubre, terne, insipide, maussade

dismal - lamentable, misérable, morne, lugubre, déprimant

There had been some talk on occasions of my going to boarding-school. Mr. and Miss Murdstone had originated it, and my mother had of course agreed with them. Nothing, however, was concluded on the subject yet. In the meantime, I learnt lessons at home. Shall I ever forget those lessons! They were presided over nominally by my mother, but really by Mr.

originated - d'origine, instituer, prendre sa source

presided - présidé, présider

nominally - nominalement

Murdstone and his sister, who were always present, and found them a favourable occasion for giving my mother lessons in that miscalled firmness, which was the bane of both our lives. I believe I was kept at home for that purpose. I had been apt enough to learn, and willing enough, when my mother and I had lived alone together. I can faintly remember learning the alphabet at her knee.

bane - bane

apt - apt, doué

alphabet - alphabet

To this day, when I look upon the fat black letters in the primer, the puzzling novelty of their shapes, and the easy good-nature of O and Q and S, seem to present themselves again before me as they used to do. But they recall no feeling of disgust or reluctance.

novelty - nouveauté

good-nature - (good-nature) bonne nature

disgust - dégout, dégouter, dégout

reluctance - réticence, réluctance

On the contrary, I seem to have walked along a path of flowers as far as the crocodile-book, and to have been cheered by the gentleness of my mother's voice and manner all the way. But these solemn lessons which succeeded those, I remember as the death-blow of my peace, and a grievous daily drudgery and misery.

drudgery - la pénibilité, corvée

misery - la misere, misere

They were very long, very numerous, very hard"perfectly unintelligible, some of them, to me"and I was generally as much bewildered by them as I believe my poor mother was herself.

unintelligible - inintelligible

Let me remember how it used to be, and bring one morning back again.

I come into the second-best parlour after breakfast, with my books, and an exercise-book, and a slate. My mother is ready for me at her writing-desk, but not half so ready as Mr. Murdstone in his easy-chair by the window (though he pretends to be reading a book), or as Miss Murdstone, sitting near my mother stringing steel beads.

exercise-book - (exercise-book) cahier d'exercices

slate - l'ardoise, schisteux, ardoise

The very sight of these two has such an influence over me, that I begin to feel the words I have been at infinite pains to get into my head, all sliding away, and going I don't know where. I wonder where they do go, by the by?

infinite - infini, un nombre infini de

I hand the first book to my mother. Perhaps it is a grammar, perhaps a history, or geography. I take a last drowning look at the page as I give it into her hand, and start off aloud at a racing pace while I have got it fresh. I trip over a word. Mr. Murdstone looks up. I trip over another word. Miss Murdstone looks up. I redden, tumble over half-a-dozen words, and stop.

aloud - a haute voix, a voix haute, a haute voix, fort

redden - rouge, rougir, faire rougir

I think my mother would show me the book if she dared, but she does not dare, and she says softly:

'Oh, Davy, Davy!'

'Now, Clara,'says Mr. Murdstone, 'be firm with the boy. Don't say, śOh, Davy, Davy!ť That's childish. He knows his lesson, or he does not know it.'

'He does NOT know it,'Miss Murdstone interposes awfully.

interposes - s'interpose, interposer, intercaler, interrompre, couper

awfully - terriblement

'I am really afraid he does not,'says my mother.

'Then, you see, Clara,'returns Miss Murdstone, 'you should just give him the book back, and make him know it.'

'Yes, certainly,'says my mother; 'that is what I intend to do, my dear Jane. Now, Davy, try once more, and don't be stupid.'

I obey the first clause of the injunction by trying once more, but am not so successful with the second, for I am very stupid. I tumble down before I get to the old place, at a point where I was all right before, and stop to think. But I can't think about the lesson. I think of the number of yards of net in Miss Murdstone's cap, or of the price of Mr.

injunction - injonction

Murdstone's dressing-gown, or any such ridiculous problem that I have no business with, and don't want to have anything at all to do with. Mr. Murdstone makes a movement of impatience which I have been expecting for a long time. Miss Murdstone does the same. My mother glances submissively at them, shuts the book, and lays it by as an arrear to be worked out when my other tasks are done.

dressing-gown - (dressing-gown) robe de chambre

submissively - avec soumission

arrear - arriérés, arriéré

There is a pile of these arrears very soon, and it swells like a rolling snowball. The bigger it gets, the more stupid I get. The case is so hopeless, and I feel that I am wallowing in such a bog of nonsense, that I give up all idea of getting out, and abandon myself to my fate. The despairing way in which my mother and I look at each other, as I blunder on, is truly melancholy.

arrears - des arriérés, arriéré

swells - la houle, enfler, gonfler

snowball - boule de neige, balle de neige

more stupid - plus stupide

hopeless - sans espoir, désespéré

wallowing - se vautrer, (wallow) se vautrer

bog - bog, fondriere

fate - le destin, destin, destinée, sort

despairing - désespéré, désespérer, désespoir

blunder - une bévue, gaffe

But the greatest effect in these miserable lessons is when my mother (thinking nobody is observing her) tries to give me the cue by the motion of her lips. At that instant, Miss Murdstone, who has been lying in wait for nothing else all along, says in a deep warning voice:


My mother starts, colours, and smiles faintly. Mr. Murdstone comes out of his chair, takes the book, throws it at me or boxes my ears with it, and turns me out of the room by the shoulders.

Even when the lessons are done, the worst is yet to happen, in the shape of an appalling sum. This is invented for me, and delivered to me orally by Mr. Murdstone, and begins, 'If I go into a cheesemonger's shop, and buy five thousand double-Gloucester cheeses at fourpence-halfpenny each, present payment'"at which I see Miss Murdstone secretly overjoyed.

appalling - épouvantable, effroyable, (appal)

orally - par voie orale, oralement

fourpence - quatre pence

I pore over these cheeses without any result or enlightenment until dinner-time, when, having made a Mulatto of myself by getting the dirt of the slate into the pores of my skin, I have a slice of bread to help me out with the cheeses, and am considered in disgrace for the rest of the evening.

pore over - sur lequel vous vous penchez

enlightenment - l'illumination, illumination

mulatto - mulâtre, mulâtresse

pores - pores, pore

It seems to me, at this distance of time, as if my unfortunate studies generally took this course. I could have done very well if I had been without the Murdstones; but the influence of the Murdstones upon me was like the fascination of two snakes on a wretched young bird.

Even when I did get through the morning with tolerable credit, there was not much gained but dinner; for Miss Murdstone never could endure to see me untasked, and if I rashly made any show of being unemployed, called her brother's attention to me by saying, 'Clara, my dear, there's nothing like work"give your boy an exercise'; which caused me to be clapped down to some new labour, there and then.

tolerable - tolérable

endure - endurer, perdurer, supporter

untasked - sans tâche

rashly - de maniere irréfléchie, étourdiment, imprudemment

clapped - applaudi, applaudir, battre des mains

As to any recreation with other children of my age, I had very little of that; for the gloomy theology of the Murdstones made all children out to be a swarm of little vipers (though there WAS a child once set in the midst of the Disciples), and held that they contaminated one another.

recreation - récréation, pacification

theology - la théologie, théologie

swarm - essaim (flying insects), grouillement (crawling insects), nuée

vipers - viperes, vipere

midst - centre, milieu

disciples - disciples, disciple

contaminated - contaminé, contaminer, salir

The natural result of this treatment, continued, I suppose, for some six months or more, was to make me sullen, dull, and dogged. I was not made the less so by my sense of being daily more and more shut out and alienated from my mother. I believe I should have been almost stupefied but for one circumstance.

sullen - maussade, morose, morne, lent

alienated - aliénés, aliéner

stupefied - stupéfait, stupéfier, abrutir, hébéter, sidérer, abasourdir

It was this. My father had left a small collection of books in a little room upstairs, to which I had access (for it adjoined my own) and which nobody else in our house ever troubled. From that blessed little room, Roderick Random, Peregrine Pickle, Humphrey Clinker, Tom Jones, the Vicar of Wakefield, Don Quixote, Gil Blas, and Robinson Crusoe, came out, a glorious host, to keep me company.

adjoined - adjacents, adjoindre, toucher

blessed - bienheureux, béni, (bless)

pickle - cornichon, marinade(s)

clinker - clinker

Vicar - curé, vicaire

Quixote - Quixote

They kept alive my fancy, and my hope of something beyond that place and time,"they, and the Arabian Nights, and the Tales of the Genii,"and did me no harm; for whatever harm was in some of them was not there for me; I knew nothing of it. It is astonishing to me now, how I found time, in the midst of my porings and blunderings over heavier themes, to read those books as I did.

It is curious to me how I could ever have consoled myself under my small troubles (which were great troubles to me), by impersonating my favourite characters in them"as I did"and by putting Mr. and Miss Murdstone into all the bad ones"which I did too. I have been Tom Jones (a child's Tom Jones, a harmless creature) for a week together.

consoled - consolé, consoler

impersonating - l'usurpation d'identité, imiter

harmless - inoffensif

I have sustained my own idea of Roderick Random for a month at a stretch, I verily believe.

sustained - soutenue, maintenir, subvenir

verily - en vérité, vraiment, véritablement, sans aucun doute

I had a greedy relish for a few volumes of Voyages and Travels"I forget what, now"that were on those shelves; and for days and days I can remember to have gone about my region of our house, armed with the centre-piece out of an old set of boot-trees"the perfect realization of Captain Somebody, of the Royal British Navy, in danger of being beset by savages, and resolved to sell his life at a great price. The Captain never lost dignity, from having his ears boxed with the Latin Grammar. I did; but the Captain was a Captain and a hero, in despite of all the grammars of all the languages in the world, dead or alive.

greedy - avaricieux, cupide, avide, gourmand

realization - connaissance, réalisation

Navy - la marine, force navale, flotte, marine, bleu marine

beset - assiégé, assaillir

savages - sauvages, barbare, féroce, sauvage

dignity - dignité, forme, rang

Latin - latine

grammars - grammaires, grammaire

This was my only and my constant comfort. When I think of it, the picture always rises in my mind, of a summer evening, the boys at play in the churchyard, and I sitting on my bed, reading as if for life.

Every barn in the neighbourhood, every stone in the church, and every foot of the churchyard, had some association of its own, in my mind, connected with these books, and stood for some locality made famous in them.

barn - grange, stand, kiosque, échoppe

locality - région, quartier, voisinage, localité

I have seen Tom Pipes go climbing up the church-steeple; I have watched Strap, with the knapsack on his back, stopping to rest himself upon the wicket-gate; and I know that Commodore Trunnion held that club with Mr. Pickle, in the parlour of our little village alehouse.

steeple - steeple, clocher

strap - sangle, courroie, laniere, bandouliere

knapsack - sac a dos, sac a dos

wicket - guichet

Commodore - commodore

Trunnion - tourillon

alehouse - alehouse

The reader now understands, as well as I do, what I was when I came to that point of my youthful history to which I am now coming again.

One morning when I went into the parlour with my books, I found my mother looking anxious, Miss Murdstone looking firm, and Mr. Murdstone binding something round the bottom of a cane"a lithe and limber cane, which he left off binding when I came in, and poised and switched in the air.

binding - contraignante, contraignant, reliure, liaison, (bind), lier

cane - canne, tige, bastonnade, canne blanche, bâtonner

lithe - léger, agile, souple

limber - souple, s'échauffer, faire des exercices (d'assouplissement)

poised - en place, assurance, aisance, sang-froid, aplomb, poise

'I tell you, Clara,'said Mr. Murdstone, 'I have been often flogged myself.'

flogged - fouetté, fouetter

'To be sure; of course,'said Miss Murdstone.

'Certainly, my dear Jane,'faltered my mother, meekly. 'But"but do you think it did Edward good?'

'Do you think it did Edward harm, Clara?'asked Mr. Murdstone, gravely.

gravely - gravement

'That's the point,'said his sister.

To this my mother returned, 'Certainly, my dear Jane,'and said no more.

I felt apprehensive that I was personally interested in this dialogue, and sought Mr. Murdstone's eye as it lighted on mine.

apprehensive - des appréhensions

'Now, David,'he said"and I saw that cast again as he said it"'you must be far more careful today than usual.'He gave the cane another poise, and another switch; and having finished his preparation of it, laid it down beside him, with an impressive look, and took up his book.

poise - l'équilibre, assurance, aisance, sang-froid, aplomb, poise

This was a good freshener to my presence of mind, as a beginning. I felt the words of my lessons slipping off, not one by one, or line by line, but by the entire page; I tried to lay hold of them; but they seemed, if I may so express it, to have put skates on, and to skim away from me with a smoothness there was no checking.

freshener - rafraîchisseur d'air

slipping off - en glissant

skates - patins, patin

skim - écrémer, dépasser doucement, effleurer, frôler, raser, faire

We began badly, and went on worse. I had come in with an idea of distinguishing myself rather, conceiving that I was very well prepared; but it turned out to be quite a mistake. Book after book was added to the heap of failures, Miss Murdstone being firmly watchful of us all the time.

conceiving - concevoir, tomber enceinte

watchful - attentif, vigilant

And when we came at last to the five thousand cheeses (canes he made it that day, I remember), my mother burst out crying.

canes - cannes, canne, tige, bastonnade, canne blanche

'Clara!'said Miss Murdstone, in her warning voice.

'I am not quite well, my dear Jane, I think,'said my mother.

I saw him wink, solemnly, at his sister, as he rose and said, taking up the cane:

wink - clin d'oil, ciller

'Why, Jane, we can hardly expect Clara to bear, with perfect firmness, the worry and torment that David has occasioned her today. That would be stoical. Clara is greatly strengthened and improved, but we can hardly expect so much from her. David, you and I will go upstairs, boy.'

torment - tourments, tourment, tourmenter

stoical - stoique, stoique

As he took me out at the door, my mother ran towards us. Miss Murdstone said, 'Clara! are you a perfect fool?'and interfered. I saw my mother stop her ears then, and I heard her crying.

He walked me up to my room slowly and gravely"I am certain he had a delight in that formal parade of executing justice"and when we got there, suddenly twisted my head under his arm.

executing - en cours d'exécution, exécuter, mettre a mort

twisted - tordu, twist, torsion, entortiller, tordre

'Mr. Murdstone! Sir!'I cried to him. 'Don't! Pray don't beat me! I have tried to learn, sir, but I can't learn while you and Miss Murdstone are by. I can't indeed!'

'Can't you, indeed, David?'he said. 'We'll try that.'

He had my head as in a vice, but I twined round him somehow, and stopped him for a moment, entreating him not to beat me. It was only a moment that I stopped him, for he cut me heavily an instant afterwards, and in the same instant I caught the hand with which he held me in my mouth, between my teeth, and bit it through. It sets my teeth on edge to think of it.

vice - vice, vertu

He beat me then, as if he would have beaten me to death. Above all the noise we made, I heard them running up the stairs, and crying out"I heard my mother crying out"and Peggotty. Then he was gone; and the door was locked outside; and I was lying, fevered and hot, and torn, and sore, and raging in my puny way, upon the floor.

raging - enragée, rage, furie, fureur, courroux, rager, faire rage

puny - chétif, frele

How well I recollect, when I became quiet, what an unnatural stillness seemed to reign through the whole house! How well I remember, when my smart and passion began to cool, how wicked I began to feel!

unnatural - contre nature

stillness - l'immobilité, calme, immobilité

reign - regne, regne, régner

I sat listening for a long while, but there was not a sound. I crawled up from the floor, and saw my face in the glass, so swollen, red, and ugly that it almost frightened me. My stripes were sore and stiff, and made me cry afresh, when I moved; but they were nothing to the guilt I felt. It lay heavier on my breast than if I had been a most atrocious criminal, I dare say.

crawled - rampé, ramper

swollen - gonflé, enfler, gonfler

stripes - des rayures, rayure, galon, rayer

afresh - nouveau, a nouveau

guilt - culpabilité

atrocious - atroce

It had begun to grow dark, and I had shut the window (I had been lying, for the most part, with my head upon the sill, by turns crying, dozing, and looking listlessly out), when the key was turned, and Miss Murdstone came in with some bread and meat, and milk.

sill - sill, bille, seuil

dozing - s'assoupir, (doze) s'assoupir

listlessly - creuxse

These she put down upon the table without a word, glaring at me the while with exemplary firmness, and then retired, locking the door after her.

glaring - éblouissant, éclat

exemplary - exemplaire

Long after it was dark I sat there, wondering whether anybody else would come. When this appeared improbable for that night, I undressed, and went to bed; and, there, I began to wonder fearfully what would be done to me. Whether it was a criminal act that I had committed? Whether I should be taken into custody, and sent to prison? Whether I was at all in danger of being hanged?

undressed - déshabillé, déshabiller

fearfully - avec crainte

custody - la garde, garde, détention, garde a vue, custodie

hanged - pendu

I never shall forget the waking, next morning; the being cheerful and fresh for the first moment, and then the being weighed down by the stale and dismal oppression of remembrance.

stale - périmé, rassis

oppression - l'oppression, oppression

Miss Murdstone reappeared before I was out of bed; told me, in so many words, that I was free to walk in the garden for half an hour and no longer; and retired, leaving the door open, that I might avail myself of that permission.

avail - avail, profiter, saisir, servir

I did so, and did so every morning of my imprisonment, which lasted five days.

imprisonment - l'emprisonnement, emprisonnement

If I could have seen my mother alone, I should have gone down on my knees to her and besought her forgiveness; but I saw no one, Miss Murdstone excepted, during the whole time"except at evening prayers in the parlour; to which I was escorted by Miss Murdstone after everybody else was placed; where I was stationed, a young outlaw, all alone by myself near the door; and whence I was solemnly conducted by my jailer, before any one arose from the devotional posture. I only observed that my mother was as far off from me as she could be, and kept her face another way so that I never saw it; and that Mr. Murdstone's hand was bound up in a large linen wrapper.

besought - demandé, prier, implorer, supplier

forgiveness - le pardon, pardon

escorted - escorté, escorte, escorter

outlaw - hors-la-loi

jailer - geôlier, geôliere, gâfe

devotional - dévotionnel

posture - la posture, posture

The length of those five days I can convey no idea of to any one. They occupy the place of years in my remembrance.

The way in which I listened to all the incidents of the house that made themselves audible to me; the ringing of bells, the opening and shutting of doors, the murmuring of voices, the footsteps on the stairs; to any laughing, whistling, or singing, outside, which seemed more dismal than anything else to me in my solitude and disgrace"the uncertain pace of the hours, especially at night, when I would wake thinking it was morning, and find that the family were not yet gone to bed, and that all the length of night had yet to come"the depressed dreams and nightmares I had"the return of day, noon, afternoon, evening, when the boys played in the churchyard, and I watched them from a distance within the room, being ashamed to show myself at the window lest they should know I was a prisoner"the strange sensation of never hearing myself speak"the fleeting intervals of something like cheerfulness, which came with eating and drinking, and went away with it"the setting in of rain one evening, with a fresh smell, and its coming down faster and faster between me and the church, until it and gathering night seemed to quench me in gloom, and fear, and remorse"all this appears to have gone round and round for years instead of days, it is so vividly and strongly stamped on my remembrance. On the last night of my restraint, I was awakened by hearing my own name spoken in a whisper. I started up in bed, and putting out my arms in the dark, said:

audible - audible

murmuring - murmure, (murmur), rumeur, souffle, murmurer

Footsteps - des pas, empreinte, trace de pas, pas, bruit de pas, marche

solitude - la solitude, solitude

uncertain - incertaine

noon - midi

sensation - sensation

fleeting - éphémere, flotte

cheerfulness - gaieté

quench - apaiser, étancher, rassasier, désaltérer, éteindre, tremper

gloom - obscurité, pénombre, grisaille, morosité, noirceur

remorse - des remords, remords, componction

gone round - Aller autour

vividly - précise

restraint - la retenue, contention, frein, retenue

awakened - éveillé, réveiller, se réveiller

'Is that you, Peggotty?'

There was no immediate answer, but presently I heard my name again, in a tone so very mysterious and awful, that I think I should have gone into a fit, if it had not occurred to me that it must have come through the keyhole.

keyhole - trou de serrure, trou de la serrure

I groped my way to the door, and putting my own lips to the keyhole, whispered: 'Is that you, Peggotty dear?'

'Yes, my own precious Davy,'she replied. 'Be as soft as a mouse, or the Cat'll hear us.'

I understood this to mean Miss Murdstone, and was sensible of the urgency of the case; her room being close by.

urgency - l'urgence, urgence

'How's mama, dear Peggotty? Is she very angry with me?'

I could hear Peggotty crying softly on her side of the keyhole, as I was doing on mine, before she answered. 'No. Not very.'

'What is going to be done with me, Peggotty dear? Do you know?'

'School. Near London,'was Peggotty's answer. I was obliged to get her to repeat it, for she spoke it the first time quite down my throat, in consequence of my having forgotten to take my mouth away from the keyhole and put my ear there; and though her words tickled me a good deal, I didn't hear them.

tickled - chatouillé, chatouiller

'When, Peggotty?'


'Is that the reason why Miss Murdstone took the clothes out of my drawers?'which she had done, though I have forgotten to mention it.

'Yes,'said Peggotty. 'Box.'

'Shan't I see mama?'

shan - Shan

'Yes,'said Peggotty. 'Morning.'

Then Peggotty fitted her mouth close to the keyhole, and delivered these words through it with as much feeling and earnestness as a keyhole has ever been the medium of communicating, I will venture to assert: shooting in each broken little sentence in a convulsive little burst of its own.

Venture - venture, s'aventurer, risquer, oser

assert - affirmer, attester, asseoir

convulsive - convulsif

'Davy, dear. If I ain't been azackly as intimate with you. Lately, as I used to be. It ain't because I don't love you. Just as well and more, my pretty poppet. It's because I thought it better for you. And for someone else besides. Davy, my darling, are you listening? Can you hear?'

ain - Ain

intimate - intime

poppet - poppet

darling - chéri, chérie

'Ye-ye-ye-yes, Peggotty!'I sobbed.

'My own!'said Peggotty, with infinite compassion. 'What I want to say, is. That you must never forget me. For I'll never forget you. And I'll take as much care of your mama, Davy. As ever I took of you. And I won't leave her. The day may come when she'll be glad to lay her poor head. On her stupid, cross old Peggotty's arm again. And I'll write to you, my dear. Though I ain't no scholar.

And I'll"I'll"'Peggotty fell to kissing the keyhole, as she couldn't kiss me.

'Thank you, dear Peggotty!'said I. 'Oh, thank you! Thank you! Will you promise me one thing, Peggotty? Will you write and tell Mr. Peggotty and little Em'ly, and Mrs. Gummidge and Ham, that I am not so bad as they might suppose, and that I sent 'em all my love"especially to little Em'ly? Will you, if you please, Peggotty?'

The kind soul promised, and we both of us kissed the keyhole with the greatest affection"I patted it with my hand, I recollect, as if it had been her honest face"and parted. From that night there grew up in my breast a feeling for Peggotty which I cannot very well define.

She did not replace my mother; no one could do that; but she came into a vacancy in my heart, which closed upon her, and I felt towards her something I have never felt for any other human being. It was a sort of comical affection, too; and yet if she had died, I cannot think what I should have done, or how I should have acted out the tragedy it would have been to me.

vacancy - poste vacant, vacance, chambre libre

acted out - Agissant comme

In the morning Miss Murdstone appeared as usual, and told me I was going to school; which was not altogether such news to me as she supposed. She also informed me that when I was dressed, I was to come downstairs into the parlour, and have my breakfast. There, I found my mother, very pale and with red eyes: into whose arms I ran, and begged her pardon from my suffering soul.

'Oh, Davy!'she said. 'That you could hurt anyone I love! Try to be better, pray to be better! I forgive you; but I am so grieved, Davy, that you should have such bad passions in your heart.'

grieved - en deuil, avoir du chagrin

They had persuaded her that I was a wicked fellow, and she was more sorry for that than for my going away. I felt it sorely. I tried to eat my parting breakfast, but my tears dropped upon my bread-and-butter, and trickled into my tea. I saw my mother look at me sometimes, and then glance at the watchful Miss Murdstone, and than look down, or look away.

sorely - douloureusement

trickled - au compte-gouttes, filet, dégoulinade, verser goutte a goutte

'Master Copperfield's box there!'said Miss Murdstone, when wheels were heard at the gate.

I looked for Peggotty, but it was not she; neither she nor Mr. Murdstone appeared. My former acquaintance, the carrier, was at the door. The box was taken out to his cart, and lifted in.

'Clara!'said Miss Murdstone, in her warning note.

'Ready, my dear Jane,'returned my mother. 'Good-bye, Davy. You are going for your own good. Good-bye, my child. You will come home in the holidays, and be a better boy.'

Good-bye - (Good-bye) Au revoir

'Clara!'Miss Murdstone repeated.

'Certainly, my dear Jane,'replied my mother, who was holding me. 'I forgive you, my dear boy. God bless you!'

'Clara!'Miss Murdstone repeated.

Miss Murdstone was good enough to take me out to the cart, and to say on the way that she hoped I would repent, before I came to a bad end; and then I got into the cart, and the lazy horse walked off with it.

repent - se repentir, repentir, repentez, repentons, repentent


sent away - renvoyé

We might have gone about half a mile, and my pocket-handkerchief was quite wet through, when the carrier stopped short. Looking out to ascertain for what, I saw, to My amazement, Peggotty burst from a hedge and climb into the cart.

amazement - l'étonnement, stupéfaction, stupeur

hedge - couverture, haie

She took me in both her arms, and squeezed me to her stays until the pressure on my nose was extremely painful, though I never thought of that till afterwards when I found it very tender. Not a single word did Peggotty speak.

squeezed - pressé, presser, comprimer, tasser, serrer

tender - l'appel d'offres, doux, adjudication, affectieux

Releasing one of her arms, she put it down in her pocket to the elbow, and brought out some paper bags of cakes which she crammed into my pockets, and a purse which she put into my hand, but not one word did she say. After another and a final squeeze with both arms, she got down from the cart and ran away; and, my belief is, and has always been, without a solitary button on her gown.

crammed - entassés, bourrer, ficher, foutre, emmancher, fourrer, gaver

I picked up one, of several that were rolling about, and treasured it as a keepsake for a long time.

keepsake - un souvenir, souvenir

The carrier looked at me, as if to inquire if she were coming back. I shook my head, and said I thought not. 'Then come up,'said the carrier to the lazy horse; who came up accordingly.

Having by this time cried as much as I possibly could, I began to think it was of no use crying any more, especially as neither Roderick Random, nor that Captain in the Royal British Navy, had ever cried, that I could remember, in trying situations. The carrier, seeing me in this resolution, proposed that my pocket-handkerchief should be spread upon the horse's back to dry.

I thanked him, and assented; and particularly small it looked, under those circumstances.

assented - a donné son assentiment, assentiment

I had now leisure to examine the purse. It was a stiff leather purse, with a snap, and had three bright shillings in it, which Peggotty had evidently polished up with whitening, for my greater delight. But its most precious contents were two half-crowns folded together in a bit of paper, on which was written, in my mother's hand, 'For Davy. With my love.

snap - snap, claquer, claquement de doigts, photographie, photo

polished - polie, polonais

whitening - blanchissement, blanchiment, (whiten), blanchir

Contents - contenu, satisfait

crowns - couronnes, couronne

folded together - plier ensemble

'I was so overcome by this, that I asked the carrier to be so good as to reach me my pocket-handkerchief again; but he said he thought I had better do without it, and I thought I really had, so I wiped my eyes on my sleeve and stopped myself.

sleeve - manche, chemise (inner), gaine (outer), manchon

For good, too; though, in consequence of my previous emotions, I was still occasionally seized with a stormy sob. After we had jogged on for some little time, I asked the carrier if he was going all the way.

seized with - saisir

sob - sanglot, fdp

jogged - joggé, rench: -neededr, remuer, faire du jogging

'All the way where?'inquired the carrier.

'There,'I said.

'Where's there?'inquired the carrier.

'Near London,'I said.

'Why that horse,'said the carrier, jerking the rein to point him out, 'would be deader than pork afore he got over half the ground.'

jerking - par a-coups, (jerk) par a-coups

rein - rein, frein

pork - porc, cochon

afore - avant

'Are you only going to Yarmouth then?'I asked.

'That's about it,'said the carrier. 'And there I shall take you to the stage-cutch, and the stage-cutch that'll take you to"wherever it is.'

cutch - cutch

As this was a great deal for the carrier (whose name was Mr. Barkis) to say"he being, as I observed in a former chapter, of a phlegmatic temperament, and not at all conversational"I offered him a cake as a mark of attention, which he ate at one gulp, exactly like an elephant, and which made no more impression on his big face than it would have done on an elephant's.

phlegmatic - flegmatique

temperament - tempérament

conversational - conversationnel

gulp - gulp, gorgée, trait

'Did SHE make 'em, now?'said Mr. Barkis, always leaning forward, in his slouching way, on the footboard of the cart with an arm on each knee.

slouching - avachie, empoté

'Peggotty, do you mean, sir?'

'Ah!'said Mr. Barkis. 'Her.'

'Yes. She makes all our pastry, and does all our cooking.'

pastry - pâtisserie

'Do she though?'said Mr. Barkis. He made up his mouth as if to whistle, but he didn't whistle. He sat looking at the horse's ears, as if he saw something new there; and sat so, for a considerable time. By and by, he said:

whistle - sifflet, siffler, sifflement, sifflements

'No sweethearts, I b'lieve?'

sweethearts - les amoureux, chéri, amante, chérie, amour, ange

lieve - croire

'Sweetmeats did you say, Mr. Barkis?'For I thought he wanted something else to eat, and had pointedly alluded to that description of refreshment.

sweetmeats - des sucreries, friandise

pointedly - avec insistance

alluded - allusion, alluder, faire allusion, suggérer

refreshment - un rafraîchissement, rafraîchissement

'Hearts,'said Mr. Barkis. 'Sweet hearts; no person walks with her!'

'With Peggotty?'

'Ah!'he said. 'Her.'

'Oh, no. She never had a sweetheart.'

sweetheart - chéri, amante, chérie, amour

'Didn't she, though!'said Mr. Barkis.

Again he made up his mouth to whistle, and again he didn't whistle, but sat looking at the horse's ears.

'So she makes,'said Mr. Barkis, after a long interval of reflection, 'all the apple parsties, and doos all the cooking, do she?'

I replied that such was the fact.

'Well. I'll tell you what,'said Mr. Barkis. 'P'raps you might be writin'to her?'

raps - raps, coup sec

writin - écrire

'I shall certainly write to her,'I rejoined.

'Ah!'he said, slowly turning his eyes towards me. 'Well! If you was writin'to her, p'raps you'd recollect to say that Barkis was willin'; would you?'

'That Barkis is willing,'I repeated, innocently. 'Is that all the message?'

'Ye-es,'he said, considering. 'Ye-es. Barkis is willin'.'

'But you will be at Blunderstone again tomorrow, Mr. Barkis,'I said, faltering a little at the idea of my being far away from it then, and could give your own message so much better.'

faltering - en perte de vitesse, (falter), vaciller

As he repudiated this suggestion, however, with a jerk of his head, and once more confirmed his previous request by saying, with profound gravity, 'Barkis is willin'. That's the message,'I readily undertook its transmission.

repudiated - répudié, répudier, nier

jerk - con, par secousse, soubresaut

profound - profond

gravity - la gravité, gravité, pesanteur

transmission - transmission, boite de vitesses

While I was waiting for the coach in the hotel at Yarmouth that very afternoon, I procured a sheet of paper and an inkstand, and wrote a note to Peggotty, which ran thus: 'My dear Peggotty. I have come here safe. Barkis is willing. My love to mama. Yours affectionately. P.S. He says he particularly wants you to know"BARKIS IS WILLING.'

procured - procuré, acquérir, obtenir, proxénétisme, procurer

When I had taken this commission on myself prospectively, Mr. Barkis relapsed into perfect silence; and I, feeling quite worn out by all that had happened lately, lay down on a sack in the cart and fell asleep.

prospectively - de maniere prospective

relapsed - rechute, rechuter

sack - sac, ficher, résilier

I slept soundly until we got to Yarmouth; which was so entirely new and strange to me in the inn-yard to which we drove, that I at once abandoned a latent hope I had had of meeting with some of Mr. Peggotty's family there, perhaps even with little Em'ly herself.

Inn - l'auberge, auberge

latent - latent

The coach was in the yard, shining very much all over, but without any horses to it as yet; and it looked in that state as if nothing was more unlikely than its ever going to London. I was thinking this, and wondering what would ultimately become of my box, which Mr.

Barkis had put down on the yard-pavement by the pole (he having driven up the yard to turn his cart), and also what would ultimately become of me, when a lady looked out of a bow-window where some fowls and joints of meat were hanging up, and said:

pavement - revetement, chaussée, pavement

driven up - Fait grimper

'Is that the little gentleman from Blunderstone?'

'Yes, ma'am,'I said.

'What name?'inquired the lady.

'Copperfield, ma'am,'I said.

'That won't do,'returned the lady. 'Nobody's dinner is paid for here, in that name.'

'Is it Murdstone, ma'am?'I said.

'If you're Master Murdstone,'said the lady, 'why do you go and give another name, first?'

I explained to the lady how it was, who than rang a bell, and called out, 'William! show the coffee-room!'upon which a waiter came running out of a kitchen on the opposite side of the yard to show it, and seemed a good deal surprised when he was only to show it to me.

William - william, Guillaume

It was a large long room with some large maps in it. I doubt if I could have felt much stranger if the maps had been real foreign countries, and I cast away in the middle of them.

I felt it was taking a liberty to sit down, with my cap in my hand, on the corner of the chair nearest the door; and when the waiter laid a cloth on purpose for me, and put a set of castors on it, I think I must have turned red all over with modesty.

castors - roulettes, roulette

modesty - la modestie, modestie

He brought me some chops, and vegetables, and took the covers off in such a bouncing manner that I was afraid I must have given him some offence. But he greatly relieved my mind by putting a chair for me at the table, and saying, very affably, 'Now, six-foot! come on!'

bouncing - rebondir, rebond

I thanked him, and took my seat at the board; but found it extremely difficult to handle my knife and fork with anything like dexterity, or to avoid splashing myself with the gravy, while he was standing opposite, staring so hard, and making me blush in the most dreadful manner every time I caught his eye. After watching me into the second chop, he said:

dexterity - dextérité

splashing - éclaboussures, (splash), plouf, bruit, éclaboussure

gravy - du jus de viande, jus de viande, sauce au jus

blush - rougir

most dreadful - Le plus effrayant

'There's half a pint of ale for you. Will you have it now?'

pint - chopine, chopine de lait, pinte, sérieux

ale - biere anglaise, ale

I thanked him and said, 'Yes.'Upon which he poured it out of a jug into a large tumbler, and held it up against the light, and made it look beautiful.

jug - carafe, pot, récipient, broc, cruche

tumbler - gobelet, tumbler

'My eye!'he said. 'It seems a good deal, don't it?'

'It does seem a good deal,'I answered with a smile. For it was quite delightful to me, to find him so pleasant. He was a twinkling-eyed, pimple-faced man, with his hair standing upright all over his head; and as he stood with one arm a-kimbo, holding up the glass to the light with the other hand, he looked quite friendly.

twinkling - scintillant, (twinkle), briller, cligner, virevolter

pimple - bouton, pustule, casse-couilles

upright - debout, integre, montant

kimbo - kimbo

'There was a gentleman here, yesterday,'he said"'a stout gentleman, by the name of Topsawyer"perhaps you know him?'

stout - stout, solide

'No,'I said, 'I don't think"'

'In breeches and gaiters, broad-brimmed hat, grey coat, speckled choker,'said the waiter.

breeches - culotte, culasse

brimmed - a rebord, bord

choker - tour de cou, ras-de-cou

'No,'I said bashfully, 'I haven't the pleasure"'

bashfully - avec timidité, timidement

'He came in here,'said the waiter, looking at the light through the tumbler, 'ordered a glass of this ale"WOULD order it"I told him not"drank it, and fell dead. It was too old for him. It oughtn't to be drawn; that's the fact.'

oughtn - oughtn

I was very much shocked to hear of this melancholy accident, and said I thought I had better have some water.

'Why you see,'said the waiter, still looking at the light through the tumbler, with one of his eyes shut up, 'our people don't like things being ordered and left. It offends 'em. But I'll drink it, if you like. I'm used to it, and use is everything. I don't think it'll hurt me, if I throw my head back, and take it off quick. Shall I?'

I replied that he would much oblige me by drinking it, if he thought he could do it safely, but by no means otherwise. When he did throw his head back, and take it off quick, I had a horrible fear, I confess, of seeing him meet the fate of the lamented Mr. Topsawyer, and fall lifeless on the carpet. But it didn't hurt him. On the contrary, I thought he seemed the fresher for it.

oblige - imposer, obliger, etre redevable a

safely - prudemment, en toute sécurité

lamented - s'est lamentée, lamentation, complainte, se lamenter, plaindre

lifeless - sans vie

'What have we got here?'he said, putting a fork into my dish. 'Not chops?'

'Chops,'I said.

'Lord bless my soul!'he exclaimed, 'I didn't know they were chops. Why, a chop's the very thing to take off the bad effects of that beer! Ain't it lucky?'


So he took a chop by the bone in one hand, and a potato in the other, and ate away with a very good appetite, to my extreme satisfaction. He afterwards took another chop, and another potato; and after that, another chop and another potato. When we had done, he brought me a pudding, and having set it before me, seemed to ruminate, and to become absent in his mind for some moments.

appetite - l'appétit, appétit

pudding - du pudding, boudin, pudding

ruminate - ruminer

absent - absente, absent

'How's the pie?'he said, rousing himself.

pie - tarte, saccager, pâte, pâté

rousing - l'enthousiasme, réveiller

'It's a pudding,'I made answer.

'Pudding!'he exclaimed. 'Why, bless me, so it is! What!'looking at it nearer. 'You don't mean to say it's a batter-pudding!'

batter - pâte a frire, battre

'Yes, it is indeed.'

'Why, a batter-pudding,'he said, taking up a table-spoon, 'is my favourite pudding! Ain't that lucky? Come on, little 'un, and let's see who'll get most.'

The waiter certainly got most. He entreated me more than once to come in and win, but what with his table-spoon to my tea-spoon, his dispatch to my dispatch, and his appetite to my appetite, I was left far behind at the first mouthful, and had no chance with him. I never saw anyone enjoy a pudding so much, I think; and he laughed, when it was all gone, as if his enjoyment of it lasted still.

entreated - demandé, supplier

dispatch - l'envoi, dépeche

mouthful - bouchée

Finding him so very friendly and companionable, it was then that I asked for the pen and ink and paper, to write to Peggotty. He not only brought it immediately, but was good enough to look over me while I wrote the letter. When I had finished it, he asked me where I was going to school.

companionable - de bonne compagnie

I said, 'Near London,'which was all I knew.

'Oh! my eye!'he said, looking very low-spirited, 'I am sorry for that.'

'Why?'I asked him.

'Oh, Lord!'he said, shaking his head, 'that's the school where they broke the boy's ribs"two ribs"a little boy he was. I should say he was"let me see"how old are you, about?'

ribs - des côtes, côte

I told him between eight and nine.

'That's just his age,'he said. 'He was eight years and six months old when they broke his first rib; eight years and eight months old when they broke his second, and did for him.'

rib - côte

I could not disguise from myself, or from the waiter, that this was an uncomfortable coincidence, and inquired how it was done. His answer was not cheering to my spirits, for it consisted of two dismal words, 'With whopping.'

disguise - déguisement, déguiser

whopping - immense, énorme, gigantesque, considérable, (whop)

The blowing of the coach-horn in the yard was a seasonable diversion, which made me get up and hesitatingly inquire, in the mingled pride and diffidence of having a purse (which I took out of my pocket), if there were anything to pay.

horn - corne, cor, klaxon, cuivres

seasonable - saisonnieres

diversion - diversion, déviation

hesitatingly - avec hésitation

mingled - mélangés, mélanger

diffidence - la défiance, timidité

'There's a sheet of letter-paper,'he returned. 'Did you ever buy a sheet of letter-paper?'

I could not remember that I ever had.

'It's dear,'he said, 'on account of the duty. Threepence. That's the way we're taxed in this country. There's nothing else, except the waiter. Never mind the ink. I lose by that.'

threepence - trois pence

'What should you"what should I"how much ought I to"what would it be right to pay the waiter, if you please?'I stammered, blushing.

stammered - balbutié, balbutier, bégayer, bégaiement

blushing - rougir, (blush) rougir

'If I hadn't a family, and that family hadn't the cowpock,'said the waiter, 'I wouldn't take a sixpence. If I didn't support a aged pairint, and a lovely sister,'"here the waiter was greatly agitated"'I wouldn't take a farthing. If I had a good place, and was treated well here, I should beg acceptance of a trifle, instead of taking of it.

cowpock - cowpock

sixpence - six pence, sixpence

farthing - farthing

acceptance - l'acceptation, acceptation, adhésion, admission, adoption

trifle - bagatelle, broutille, babiole, bricole

But I live on broken wittles"and I sleep on the coals'"here the waiter burst into tears.

I was very much concerned for his misfortunes, and felt that any recognition short of ninepence would be mere brutality and hardness of heart. Therefore I gave him one of my three bright shillings, which he received with much humility and veneration, and spun up with his thumb, directly afterwards, to try the goodness of.

misfortunes - malheurs, malchance, mésaventure, malheur

ninepence - neuf pence

brutality - brutalité

hardness - dureté

humility - l'humilité, humilité

veneration - vénération

spun - filé, tournoyer, (faire) tourner

It was a little disconcerting to me, to find, when I was being helped up behind the coach, that I was supposed to have eaten all the dinner without any assistance. I discovered this, from overhearing the lady in the bow-window say to the guard, 'Take care of that child, George, or he'll burst!

disconcerting - déconcertant, déconcerter, fr

George - george, Georges, Jorioz

'and from observing that the women-servants who were about the place came out to look and giggle at me as a young phenomenon. My unfortunate friend the waiter, who had quite recovered his spirits, did not appear to be disturbed by this, but joined in the general admiration without being at all confused.

giggle - ricaner, glousser, gloussement

If I had any doubt of him, I suppose this half awakened it; but I am inclined to believe that with the simple confidence of a child, and the natural reliance of a child upon superior years (qualities I am very sorry any children should prematurely change for worldly wisdom), I had no serious mistrust of him on the whole, even then.

reliance - la confiance, confiance, dépendance

superior - supérieur

prematurely - prématurément

worldly - laique

mistrust - méfiance, défiance

I felt it rather hard, I must own, to be made, without deserving it, the subject of jokes between the coachman and guard as to the coach drawing heavy behind, on account of my sitting there, and as to the greater expediency of my travelling by waggon.

expediency - l'opportunisme, efficacité, opportunisme, convenance

waggon - wagon

The story of my supposed appetite getting wind among the outside passengers, they were merry upon it likewise; and asked me whether I was going to be paid for, at school, as two brothers or three, and whether I was contracted for, or went upon the regular terms; with other pleasant questions.

merry - joyeux, gai, heureuse, jovial

But the worst of it was, that I knew I should be ashamed to eat anything, when an opportunity offered, and that, after a rather light dinner, I should remain hungry all night"for I had left my cakes behind, at the hotel, in my hurry. My apprehensions were realized.

When we stopped for supper I couldn't muster courage to take any, though I should have liked it very much, but sat by the fire and said I didn't want anything.

supper - dîner, souper

This did not save me from more jokes, either; for a husky-voiced gentleman with a rough face, who had been eating out of a sandwich-box nearly all the way, except when he had been drinking out of a bottle, said I was like a boa-constrictor who took enough at one meal to last him a long time; after which, he actually brought a rash out upon himself with boiled beef.

husky - husky, enroué

boa - boa

constrictor - constrictor

rash - éruption cutanée, déviation

We had started from Yarmouth at three o'clock in the afternoon, and we were due in London about eight next morning. It was Mid-summer weather, and the evening was very pleasant.

mid - moyenne, mi-, au milieu de, en plein

When we passed through a village, I pictured to myself what the insides of the houses were like, and what the inhabitants were about; and when boys came running after us, and got up behind and swung there for a little way, I wondered whether their fathers were alive, and whether they were happy at home.

I had plenty to think of, therefore, besides my mind running continually on the kind of place I was going to"which was an awful speculation. Sometimes, I remember, I resigned myself to thoughts of home and Peggotty; and to endeavouring, in a confused blind way, to recall how I had felt, and what sort of boy I used to be, before I bit Mr.

thoughts - réflexions, idée, pensée

endeavouring - s'efforcer, s'efforcer (de)

Murdstone: which I couldn't satisfy myself about by any means, I seemed to have bitten him in such a remote antiquity.

antiquity - l'antiquité, Antiquité

The night was not so pleasant as the evening, for it got chilly; and being put between two gentlemen (the rough-faced one and another) to prevent my tumbling off the coach, I was nearly smothered by their falling asleep, and completely blocking me up. They squeezed me so hard sometimes, that I could not help crying out, 'Oh! If you please!'"which they didn't like at all, because it woke them.

chilly - frisquet

smothered - étouffé, étouffer

Opposite me was an elderly lady in a great fur cloak, who looked in the dark more like a haystack than a lady, she was wrapped up to such a degree. This lady had a basket with her, and she hadn't known what to do with it, for a long time, until she found that on account of my legs being short, it could go underneath me.

cloak - cape, pelisse, pelerine

haystack - botte de foin, meule de foin

underneath - dessous, en dessous, du dessous, d'en dessous

It cramped and hurt me so, that it made me perfectly miserable; but if I moved in the least, and made a glass that was in the basket rattle against something else (as it was sure to do), she gave me the cruellest poke with her foot, and said, 'Come, don't YOU fidget. YOUR bones are young enough, I'm sure!'

cramped - a l'étroit, crampe

rattle - cliquetis, claquer, pétarade, ferrailler

poke - poke, stocker

fidget - se trémousser, gigoter, remuer, gigoteur

At last the sun rose, and then my companions seemed to sleep easier. The difficulties under which they had laboured all night, and which had found utterance in the most terrific gasps and snorts, are not to be conceived. As the sun got higher, their sleep became lighter, and so they gradually one by one awoke.

Companions - compagnons, compagnon, compagne

utterance - énoncé

terrific - formidable, fantastique

gasps - haletements, retenir son souffle, haleter, ahaner, haletement

snorts - s'ébroue, reniflement, renifler, sniffer

conceived - conçu, concevoir, tomber enceinte

I recollect being very much surprised by the feint everybody made, then, of not having been to sleep at all, and by the uncommon indignation with which everyone repelled the charge.

feint - feinte

repelled - repoussé, rebuter, repousser

I labour under the same kind of astonishment to this day, having invariably observed that of all human weaknesses, the one to which our common nature is the least disposed to confess (I cannot imagine why) is the weakness of having gone to sleep in a coach.

astonishment - l'étonnement, étonnement

invariably - invariablement

What an amazing place London was to me when I saw it in the distance, and how I believed all the adventures of all my favourite heroes to be constantly enacting and re-enacting there, and how I vaguely made it out in my own mind to be fuller of wonders and wickedness than all the cities of the earth, I need not stop here to relate.

enacting - promulguer, jouer

vaguely - vaguement

wickedness - méchanceté, perversité, iniquité, mauvaise action

We approached it by degrees, and got, in due time, to the inn in the Whitechapel district, for which we were bound. I forget whether it was the Blue Bull, or the Blue Boar; but I know it was the Blue Something, and that its likeness was painted up on the back of the coach.

by degrees - par degrés

Bull - le taureau, taureau

boar - sanglier, verrat

The guard's eye lighted on me as he was getting down, and he said at the booking-office door:

'Is there anybody here for a yoongster booked in the name of Murdstone, from Bloonderstone, Sooffolk, to be left till called for?'

be left till called for - etre laissée jusqu'a ce qu'on l'appelle

Nobody answered.

'Try Copperfield, if you please, sir,'said I, looking helplessly down.

'Is there anybody here for a yoongster, booked in the name of Murdstone, from Bloonderstone, Sooffolk, but owning to the name of Copperfield, to be left till called for?'said the guard. 'Come! IS there anybody?'

No. There was nobody. I looked anxiously around; but the inquiry made no impression on any of the bystanders, if I except a man in gaiters, with one eye, who suggested that they had better put a brass collar round my neck, and tie me up in the stable.

anxiously - avec anxiété, anxieusement

bystanders - des passants, passant, badaud

A ladder was brought, and I got down after the lady, who was like a haystack: not daring to stir, until her basket was removed. The coach was clear of passengers by that time, the luggage was very soon cleared out, the horses had been taken out before the luggage, and now the coach itself was wheeled and backed off by some hostlers, out of the way.

stir - remuer, affecter

luggage - bagages, bagage

Still, nobody appeared, to claim the dusty youngster from Blunderstone, Suffolk.

dusty - poussiéreux

youngster - jeune, ado, enfant

More solitary than Robinson Crusoe, who had nobody to look at him and see that he was solitary, I went into the booking-office, and, by invitation of the clerk on duty, passed behind the counter, and sat down on the scale at which they weighed the luggage.

Here, as I sat looking at the parcels, packages, and books, and inhaling the smell of stables (ever since associated with that morning), a procession of most tremendous considerations began to march through my mind. Supposing nobody should ever fetch me, how long would they consent to keep me there? Would they keep me long enough to spend seven shillings?

parcels - colis, paquet, parcelle, empaqueter, emballer, envelopper

inhaling - l'inhalation, inspirer, aspirer, inhaler, ingurgiter

procession - procession, cortege, kyrielle

Should I sleep at night in one of those wooden bins, with the other luggage, and wash myself at the pump in the yard in the morning; or should I be turned out every night, and expected to come again to be left till called for, when the office opened next day? Supposing there was no mistake in the case, and Mr. Murdstone had devised this plan to get rid of me, what should I do?

pump - pompe, pompons, pompez, pompent, pomper

devised - conçu, concevoir, élaborer

If they allowed me to remain there until my seven shillings were spent, I couldn't hope to remain there when I began to starve. That would obviously be inconvenient and unpleasant to the customers, besides entailing on the Blue Whatever-it-was, the risk of funeral expenses.

customers - clients, client, cliente

entailing - qui en découle, occasionner, comporter

funeral expenses - les frais d'obseques

If I started off at once, and tried to walk back home, how could I ever find my way, how could I ever hope to walk so far, how could I make sure of anyone but Peggotty, even if I got back? If I found out the nearest proper authorities, and offered myself to go for a soldier, or a sailor, I was such a little fellow that it was most likely they wouldn't take me in.

These thoughts, and a hundred other such thoughts, turned me burning hot, and made me giddy with apprehension and dismay. I was in the height of my fever when a man entered and whispered to the clerk, who presently slanted me off the scale, and pushed me over to him, as if I were weighed, bought, delivered, and paid for.

burning hot - brulant

giddy - étourdi, étourdissant

dismay - affliger, mortifier, avoir peur, désarroi, consternation

slanted - incliné, biais, connotation, bridé, qualifier

As I went out of the office, hand in hand with this new acquaintance, I stole a look at him. He was a gaunt, sallow young man, with hollow cheeks, and a chin almost as black as Mr. Murdstone's; but there the likeness ended, for his whiskers were shaved off, and his hair, instead of being glossy, was rusty and dry.

gaunt - décharné, maigre, osseux, anguleux, émacié

sallow - pâle, incolore, pâlot, blafard

glossy - luisant, brillant

rusty - rubigineux

He was dressed in a suit of black clothes which were rather rusty and dry too, and rather short in the sleeves and legs; and he had a white neck-kerchief on, that was not over-clean. I did not, and do not, suppose that this neck-kerchief was all the linen he wore, but it was all he showed or gave any hint of.

sleeves - manches, manche, chemise (inner), gaine (outer), manchon

kerchief - le kerchief, foulard, fichu

hint - indice, indication, soupçon, faire allusion

'You're the new boy?'he said. 'Yes, sir,'I said.

I supposed I was. I didn't know.

'I'm one of the masters at Salem House,'he said.

I made him a bow and felt very much overawed. I was so ashamed to allude to a commonplace thing like my box, to a scholar and a master at Salem House, that we had gone some little distance from the yard before I had the hardihood to mention it.

allude - alluder, faire allusion, suggérer

commonplace - ordinaire, banal, lieu commun

We turned back, on my humbly insinuating that it might be useful to me hereafter; and he told the clerk that the carrier had instructions to call for it at noon.

insinuating - insinuer

'If you please, sir,'I said, when we had accomplished about the same distance as before, 'is it far?'

'It's down by Blackheath,'he said.

'Is that far, sir?'I diffidently asked.

diffidently - difficilement

'It's a good step,'he said. 'We shall go by the stage-coach. It's about six miles.'

I was so faint and tired, that the idea of holding out for six miles more, was too much for me. I took heart to tell him that I had had nothing all night, and that if he would allow me to buy something to eat, I should be very much obliged to him.

faint - évanouissement, s'évanouir, défailles, défaillez, défaillir

took heart - Prendre courage

He appeared surprised at this"I see him stop and look at me now"and after considering for a few moments, said he wanted to call on an old person who lived not far off, and that the best way would be for me to buy some bread, or whatever I liked best that was wholesome, and make my breakfast at her house, where we could get some milk.

wholesome - salubre, sain, vertueux

Accordingly we looked in at a baker's window, and after I had made a series of proposals to buy everything that was bilious in the shop, and he had rejected them one by one, we decided in favour of a nice little loaf of brown bread, which cost me threepence.

Baker - baker, boulanger, boulangere

bilious - bilieux, insuffisant hépatique, bilieuse, biliaire

loaf - pain, miche

brown bread - du pain brun

Then, at a grocer's shop, we bought an egg and a slice of streaky bacon; which still left what I thought a good deal of change, out of the second of the bright shillings, and made me consider London a very cheap place.

grocer - épicier, épiciere

streaky - strié

bacon - bacon, lard, lardon

These provisions laid in, we went on through a great noise and uproar that confused my weary head beyond description, and over a bridge which, no doubt, was London Bridge (indeed I think he told me so, but I was half asleep), until we came to the poor person's house, which was a part of some alms-houses, as I knew by their look, and by an inscription on a stone over the gate which said they were established for twenty-five poor women.

Provisions - dispositions, provision, provisionner

uproar - le tumulte, clameur

weary - fatigué, las, lasser

alms - l'aumône, aumône

inscription - inscription, légende, dédicace

The Master at Salem House lifted the latch of one of a number of little black doors that were all alike, and had each a little diamond-paned window on one side, and another little diamond"paned window above; and we went into the little house of one of these poor old women, who was blowing a fire to make a little saucepan boil.

latch - le loquet, loquet

alike - comme, semblable, pareil, analogue, pareillement

saucepan - casserole

On seeing the master enter, the old woman stopped with the bellows on her knee, and said something that I thought sounded like 'My Charley!'but on seeing me come in too, she got up, and rubbing her hands made a confused sort of half curtsey.

bellows - soufflets, mugir, beugler

curtsey - une révérence, révérence, faire la révérence, révérencier

'Can you cook this young gentleman's breakfast for him, if you please?'said the Master at Salem House.

'Can I?'said the old woman. 'Yes can I, sure!'

'How's Mrs. Fibbitson today?'said the Master, looking at another old woman in a large chair by the fire, who was such a bundle of clothes that I feel grateful to this hour for not having sat upon her by mistake.

bundle - bundle, faisceau, fagot, paquet, ballot (of goods)

'Ah, she's poorly,'said the first old woman. 'It's one of her bad days. If the fire was to go out, through any accident, I verily believe she'd go out too, and never come to life again.'

As they looked at her, I looked at her also. Although it was a warm day, she seemed to think of nothing but the fire.

I fancied she was jealous even of the saucepan on it; and I have reason to know that she took its impressment into the service of boiling my egg and broiling my bacon, in dudgeon; for I saw her, with my own discomfited eyes, shake her fist at me once, when those culinary operations were going on, and no one else was looking.

impressment - l'impression

broiling - griller, (faire) griller

dudgeon - l'acharnement

discomfited - déconcerté, déconfire

culinary - culinaire

The sun streamed in at the little window, but she sat with her own back and the back of the large chair towards it, screening the fire as if she were sedulously keeping IT warm, instead of it keeping her warm, and watching it in a most distrustful manner.

sedulously - séditieusement

most distrustful - le plus méfiant

The completion of the preparations for my breakfast, by relieving the fire, gave her such extreme joy that she laughed aloud"and a very unmelodious laugh she had, I must say.

unmelodious - sans mélodie

I sat down to my brown loaf, my egg, and my rasher of bacon, with a basin of milk besides, and made a most delicious meal. While I was yet in the full enjoyment of it, the old woman of the house said to the Master:

rasher - raseur, tranche de lard, (rash) raseur

basin - bassin, cuvette, bassine, lavabo

full enjoyment - la pleine jouissance

'Have you got your flute with you?'

flute - flute

'Yes,'he returned.

'Have a blow at it,'said the old woman, coaxingly. 'Do!'


The Master, upon this, put his hand underneath the skirts of his coat, and brought out his flute in three pieces, which he screwed together, and began immediately to play. My impression is, after many years of consideration, that there never can have been anybody in the world who played worse. He made the most dismal sounds I have ever heard produced by any means, natural or artificial.

screwed - vissé, vis, hélice, visser, baiser, coucher avec

I don't know what the tunes were"if there were such things in the performance at all, which I doubt"but the influence of the strain upon me was, first, to make me think of all my sorrows until I could hardly keep my tears back; then to take away my appetite; and lastly, to make me so sleepy that I couldn't keep my eyes open.

strain - souche, accablement

sorrows - chagrins, peine, chagrin

Lastly - enfin, finalement

They begin to close again, and I begin to nod, as the recollection rises fresh upon me.

Once more the little room, with its open corner cupboard, and its square-backed chairs, and its angular little staircase leading to the room above, and its three peacock's feathers displayed over the mantelpiece"I remember wondering when I first went in, what that peacock would have thought if he had known what his finery was doomed to come to"fades from before me, and I nod, and sleep.

angular - angulaire

staircase - escalier

peacock - paon, paonne

mantelpiece - tablette de cheminée

finery - parure

doomed - condamnée, mort, ruine, perte, condamner

fades - s'estompe, mode, lubie

The flute becomes inaudible, the wheels of the coach are heard instead, and I am on my journey. The coach jolts, I wake with a start, and the flute has come back again, and the Master at Salem House is sitting with his legs crossed, playing it dolefully, while the old woman of the house looks on delighted.

inaudible - inaudible

jolts - des secousses, ballotter, cahoter, secouer, soubresaut

dolefully - avec tristesse

She fades in her turn, and he fades, and all fades, and there is no flute, no Master, no Salem House, no David Copperfield, no anything but heavy sleep.

fades - s'estompe, (s')affaiblir, diminuer

I dreamed, I thought, that once while he was blowing into this dismal flute, the old woman of the house, who had gone nearer and nearer to him in her ecstatic admiration, leaned over the back of his chair and gave him an affectionate squeeze round the neck, which stopped his playing for a moment.

ecstatic - extatique

I was in the middle state between sleeping and waking, either then or immediately afterwards; for, as he resumed"it was a real fact that he had stopped playing"I saw and heard the same old woman ask Mrs. Fibbitson if it wasn't delicious (meaning the flute), to which Mrs. Fibbitson replied, 'Ay, ay! yes!

Ay - il est vrai que

'and nodded at the fire: to which, I am persuaded, she gave the credit of the whole performance.

When I seemed to have been dozing a long while, the Master at Salem House unscrewed his flute into the three pieces, put them up as before, and took me away.

unscrewed - dévissé, dévisser

We found the coach very near at hand, and got upon the roof; but I was so dead sleepy, that when we stopped on the road to take up somebody else, they put me inside where there were no passengers, and where I slept profoundly, until I found the coach going at a footpace up a steep hill among green leaves. Presently, it stopped, and had come to its destination.

profoundly - profondément

footpace - espace pieds

A short walk brought us"I mean the Master and me"to Salem House, which was enclosed with a high brick wall, and looked very dull.

Over a door in this wall was a board with SALEM HOUSE upon it; and through a grating in this door we were surveyed when we rang the bell by a surly face, which I found, on the door being opened, belonged to a stout man with a bull-neck, a wooden leg, overhanging temples, and his hair cut close all round his head.

grating - grinçant, grille, (grate) grinçant

surly - hargneux, grognon, grincheux, impoli, menaçant, rude

overhanging - en surplomb, surplomber, surplomb

'The new boy,'said the Master.

The man with the wooden leg eyed me all over"it didn't take long, for there was not much of me"and locked the gate behind us, and took out the key. We were going up to the house, among some dark heavy trees, when he called after my conductor. 'Hallo!'

conductor - chef d'orchestre, contrôleur, poinçonneur (ancient, in bus)

Hallo - bonjour, salut

We looked back, and he was standing at the door of a little lodge, where he lived, with a pair of boots in his hand.

Lodge - cabane, maison du portier, loge, rench: t-needed r, loger

'Here! The cobbler's been,'he said, 'since you've been out, Mr. Mell, and he says he can't mend 'em any more. He says there ain't a bit of the original boot left, and he wonders you expect it.'

cobbler - un cordon ombilical

mell - mell

mend - réparer, raccommoder, rapiécer, s'améliorer

With these words he threw the boots towards Mr. Mell, who went back a few paces to pick them up, and looked at them (very disconsolately, I was afraid), as we went on together. I observed then, for the first time, that the boots he had on were a good deal the worse for wear, and that his stocking was just breaking out in one place, like a bud.

disconsolately - avec découragement

bud - bud, bourgeon

Salem House was a square brick building with wings; of a bare and unfurnished appearance. All about it was so very quiet, that I said to Mr. Mell I supposed the boys were out; but he seemed surprised at my not knowing that it was holiday-time. That all the boys were at their several homes. That Mr. Creakle, the proprietor, was down by the sea-side with Mrs.

bare - a nu, dénudé, dégarnir, nu

holiday-time - (holiday-time) le temps des vacances

Proprietor - propriétaire

sea-side - (sea-side) côté mer

and Miss Creakle; and that I was sent in holiday-time as a punishment for my misdoing, all of which he explained to me as we went along.

misdoing - méfaits, (misdo) méfaits

I gazed upon the schoolroom into which he took me, as the most forlorn and desolate place I had ever seen. I see it now. A long room with three long rows of desks, and six of forms, and bristling all round with pegs for hats and slates. Scraps of old copy-books and exercises litter the dirty floor. Some silkworms'houses, made of the same materials, are scattered over the desks.

gazed - regardé, fixer

schoolroom - salle de classe

rows - rangées, rang(ée)

bristling - se hérisser, soie, poil

pegs - chevilles, cheville, porte-manteau, patere, cheviller, épingler

slates - ardoises, (d')ardoise

scraps - des déchets, bout

silkworms - les vers a soie, ver a soie, magnan

scattered - dispersé, disperser, se disperser, éparpiller, parsemer

Two miserable little white mice, left behind by their owner, are running up and down in a fusty castle made of pasteboard and wire, looking in all the corners with their red eyes for anything to eat. A bird, in a cage very little bigger than himself, makes a mournful rattle now and then in hopping on his perch, two inches high, or dropping from it; but neither sings nor chirps.

cage - cage, encager

mournful - triste, affligé, éploré, mélancolique, lugubre

hopping - sauter, (hop) sauter

perch - perche, perchoir

chirps - gazouillis, pépiement, piaillement, stridulation, craquetement

There is a strange unwholesome smell upon the room, like mildewed corduroys, sweet apples wanting air, and rotten books. There could not well be more ink splashed about it, if it had been roofless from its first construction, and the skies had rained, snowed, hailed, and blown ink through the varying seasons of the year.

mildewed - moisi, mildiou

corduroys - des velours côtelé, velours côtelé

rotten - pourri, mauvais

splashed - éclaboussé, plouf, bruit, éclaboussure, éclabousser, asperger

roofless - sans toit

hailed - salué, grele

Mr. Mell having left me while he took his irreparable boots upstairs, I went softly to the upper end of the room, observing all this as I crept along. Suddenly I came upon a pasteboard placard, beautifully written, which was lying on the desk, and bore these words: 'TAKE CARE OF HIM. HE BITES.'

irreparable - irréparable

placard - placard, affiche, pancarte

I got upon the desk immediately, apprehensive of at least a great dog underneath. But, though I looked all round with anxious eyes, I could see nothing of him. I was still engaged in peering about, when Mr. Mell came back, and asked me what I did up there?

did up - a fait

'I beg your pardon, sir,'says I, 'if you please, I'm looking for the dog.'

'Dog?'he says. 'What dog?'

'Isn't it a dog, sir?'

'Isn't what a dog?'

'That's to be taken care of, sir; that bites.'

'No, Copperfield,'says he, gravely, 'that's not a dog. That's a boy. My instructions are, Copperfield, to put this placard on your back. I am sorry to make such a beginning with you, but I must do it.'With that he took me down, and tied the placard, which was neatly constructed for the purpose, on my shoulders like a knapsack; and wherever I went, afterwards, I had the consolation of carrying it.

neatly - proprement, élégamment

consolation - consoler, consolation

What I suffered from that placard, nobody can imagine. Whether it was possible for people to see me or not, I always fancied that somebody was reading it. It was no relief to turn round and find nobody; for wherever my back was, there I imagined somebody always to be. That cruel man with the wooden leg aggravated my sufferings.

sufferings - souffrances, souffrance, douleur

He was in authority; and if he ever saw me leaning against a tree, or a wall, or the house, he roared out from his lodge door in a stupendous voice, 'Hallo, you sir! You Copperfield! Show that badge conspicuous, or I'll report you!

stupendous - stupéfiante

conspicuous - qui se remarque aisément, visible, voyant, remarquable

'The playground was a bare gravelled yard, open to all the back of the house and the offices; and I knew that the servants read it, and the butcher read it, and the baker read it; that everybody, in a word, who came backwards and forwards to the house, of a morning when I was ordered to walk there, read that I was to be taken care of, for I bit, I recollect that I positively began to have a dread of myself, as a kind of wild boy who did bite.

playground - terrain de jeu, aire de jeux, cour de récréation, cour de récré

gravelled - gravillonné, graviers-p, gravillons-p, gravier

butcher - boucher, charcutier, abattre, (butch), hommasse

positively - positivement

There was an old door in this playground, on which the boys had a custom of carving their names. It was completely covered with such inscriptions. In my dread of the end of the vacation and their coming back, I could not read a boy's name, without inquiring in what tone and with what emphasis HE would read, 'Take care of him. He bites.'There was one boy"a certain J.

carving - la sculpture, gravure, sculpture, découpage

inscriptions - inscriptions, inscription, légende, dédicace

boy's name - Le nom du garçon

inquiring - en quete de renseignements, enqueter, renseigner

Steerforth"who cut his name very deep and very often, who, I conceived, would read it in a rather strong voice, and afterwards pull my hair. There was another boy, one Tommy Traddles, who I dreaded would make game of it, and pretend to be dreadfully frightened of me. There was a third, George Demple, who I fancied would sing it.

I have looked, a little shrinking creature, at that door, until the owners of all the names"there were five-and-forty of them in the school then, Mr. Mell said"seemed to send me to Coventry by general acclamation, and to cry out, each in his own way, 'Take care of him. He bites!'

shrinking - se rétrécir, se réduire, rétrécir, se resserrer

owners - propriétaires, propriétaire

acclamation - par acclamation, acclamation

It was the same with the places at the desks and forms. It was the same with the groves of deserted bedsteads I peeped at, on my way to, and when I was in, my own bed. I remember dreaming night after night, of being with my mother as she used to be, or of going to a party at Mr.

groves - bosquets, bosquet

bedsteads - les châlits, châlit

Peggotty's, or of travelling outside the stage-coach, or of dining again with my unfortunate friend the waiter, and in all these circumstances making people scream and stare, by the unhappy disclosure that I had nothing on but my little night-shirt, and that placard.

dining - dîner, vacarme

disclosure - la divulgation, révélation, divulgation, propagation

In the monotony of my life, and in my constant apprehension of the re-opening of the school, it was such an insupportable affliction! I had long tasks every day to do with Mr. Mell; but I did them, there being no Mr. and Miss Murdstone here, and got through them without disgrace. Before, and after them, I walked about"supervised, as I have mentioned, by the man with the wooden leg.

monotony - monotonie

insupportable - insupportable

supervised - supervisé, superviser, encadrer

How vividly I call to mind the damp about the house, the green cracked flagstones in the court, an old leaky water-butt, and the discoloured trunks of some of the grim trees, which seemed to have dripped more in the rain than other trees, and to have blown less in the sun! At one we dined, Mr. Mell and I, at the upper end of a long bare dining-room, full of deal tables, and smelling of fat.

damp - humide, moite, mouillé, humidité, grisou, amortir

flagstones - les dalles, dalle, lauze

leaky - fuyant

butt - de fesses, crosse

discoloured - décoloré, (se) décolorer

trunks - troncs d'arbre, tronc, malle, coffre, trompe

grim - sinistre

dripped - égoutté, (é)goutter, dégouliner

dining - dîner

Then, we had more tasks until tea, which Mr. Mell drank out of a blue teacup, and I out of a tin pot. All day long, and until seven or eight in the evening, Mr. Mell, at his own detached desk in the schoolroom, worked hard with pen, ink, ruler, books, and writing-paper, making out the bills (as I found) for last half-year.

teacup - tasse a thé, tasse a thé

detached - détaché, détacher

ruler - regle, latte, dirigeant, chef

writing-paper - (writing-paper) papier a écrire

When he had put up his things for the night he took out his flute, and blew at it, until I almost thought he would gradually blow his whole being into the large hole at the top, and ooze away at the keys.

ooze - suintements, suinter

I picture my small self in the dimly-lighted rooms, sitting with my head upon my hand, listening to the doleful performance of Mr. Mell, and conning tomorrow's lessons. I picture myself with my books shut up, still listening to the doleful performance of Mr.

conning - l'escroquerie, (con) l'escroquerie

Mell, and listening through it to what used to be at home, and to the blowing of the wind on Yarmouth flats, and feeling very sad and solitary. I picture myself going up to bed, among the unused rooms, and sitting on my bed-side crying for a comfortable word from Peggotty.

unused - inutilisé

I picture myself coming downstairs in the morning, and looking through a long ghastly gash of a staircase window at the school-bell hanging on the top of an out-house with a weathercock above it; and dreading the time when it shall ring J.

ghastly - épouvantable, effrayant, affreux, horrible

gash - gash, balafre

weathercock - girouette

dreading - redouté, redouter, craindre, crainte

Steerforth and the rest to work: which is only second, in my foreboding apprehensions, to the time when the man with the wooden leg shall unlock the rusty gate to give admission to the awful Mr. Creakle. I cannot think I was a very dangerous character in any of these aspects, but in all of them I carried the same warning on my back.

unlock - déverrouiller, débloquer

admission - l'admission, admission

Mr. Mell never said much to me, but he was never harsh to me. I suppose we were company to each other, without talking. I forgot to mention that he would talk to himself sometimes, and grin, and clench his fist, and grind his teeth, and pull his hair in an unaccountable manner. But he had these peculiarities: and at first they frightened me, though I soon got used to them.

clench - serrer, prise (en main) ferme, poigne ferme

grind - broyage, crisser, moudre

unaccountable - sans avoir a rendre de comptes

peculiarities - particularités, singularité, bizarrerie, étrangeté


enlarge - agrandir, élargir, accroître

I HAD led this life about a month, when the man with the wooden leg began to stump about with a mop and a bucket of water, from which I inferred that preparations were making to receive Mr. Creakle and the boys. I was not mistaken; for the mop came into the schoolroom before long, and turned out Mr.

stump - souche, moignon, estompe

mop - vadrouille, serpilliere

bucket - seau

Mell and me, who lived where we could, and got on how we could, for some days, during which we were always in the way of two or three young women, who had rarely shown themselves before, and were so continually in the midst of dust that I sneezed almost as much as if Salem House had been a great snuff-box.

sneezed - éternué, éternuer, éternuement, atchoum

snuff - tabac a priser, coryza

One day I was informed by Mr. Mell that Mr. Creakle would be home that evening. In the evening, after tea, I heard that he was come. Before bedtime, I was fetched by the man with the wooden leg to appear before him.

bedtime - l'heure du coucher, heure du coucher

fetched - fouillé, aller chercher

Mr. Creakle's part of the house was a good deal more comfortable than ours, and he had a snug bit of garden that looked pleasant after the dusty playground, which was such a desert in miniature, that I thought no one but a camel, or a dromedary, could have felt at home in it.

miniature - miniature, enluminure, figurine

camel - chameau

dromedary - dromadaire

It seemed to me a bold thing even to take notice that the passage looked comfortable, as I went on my way, trembling, to Mr. Creakle's presence: which so abashed me, when I was ushered into it, that I hardly saw Mrs. Creakle or Miss Creakle (who were both there, in the parlour), or anything but Mr.

abashed - abasourdi, confondre

ushered - huissier, ouvreur, escorte, garçon d'honneur, escorter

Creakle, a stout gentleman with a bunch of watch-chain and seals, in an arm-chair, with a tumbler and bottle beside him.

Seals - sceaux, sceau

arm-chair - (arm-chair) fauteuil

'So!'said Mr. Creakle. 'This is the young gentleman whose teeth are to be filed! Turn him round.'

The wooden-legged man turned me about so as to exhibit the placard; and having afforded time for a full survey of it, turned me about again, with my face to Mr. Creakle, and posted himself at Mr. Creakle's side. Mr. Creakle's face was fiery, and his eyes were small, and deep in his head; he had thick veins in his forehead, a little nose, and a large chin.

veins - veines, veine

forehead - front

He was bald on the top of his head; and had some thin wet-looking hair that was just turning grey, brushed across each temple, so that the two sides interlaced on his forehead. But the circumstance about him which impressed me most, was, that he had no voice, but spoke in a whisper.

bald - chauve, lisse

turning grey - qui devient gris

interlaced - entrelacé, entrelacer

The exertion this cost him, or the consciousness of talking in that feeble way, made his angry face so much more angry, and his thick veins so much thicker, when he spoke, that I am not surprised, on looking back, at this peculiarity striking me as his chief one. 'Now,'said Mr. Creakle. 'What's the report of this boy?'

feeble - faible

'There's nothing against him yet,'returned the man with the wooden leg. 'There has been no opportunity.'

I thought Mr. Creakle was disappointed. I thought Mrs. and Miss Creakle (at whom I now glanced for the first time, and who were, both, thin and quiet) were not disappointed.

'Come here, sir!'said Mr. Creakle, beckoning to me.

beckoning - l'appel, faire signe

'Come here!'said the man with the wooden leg, repeating the gesture.

'I have the happiness of knowing your father-in-law,'whispered Mr. Creakle, taking me by the ear; 'and a worthy man he is, and a man of a strong character. He knows me, and I know him. Do YOU know me? Hey?'said Mr. Creakle, pinching my ear with ferocious playfulness.

worthy - digne

playfulness - l'espieglerie

'Not yet, sir,'I said, flinching with the pain.

flinching - flancher, tressaillir

'Not yet? Hey?'repeated Mr. Creakle. 'But you will soon. Hey?'

'You will soon. Hey?'repeated the man with the wooden leg. I afterwards found that he generally acted, with his strong voice, as Mr. Creakle's interpreter to the boys.

interpreter - interprete, interprete, interpréteur

I was very much frightened, and said, I hoped so, if he pleased. I felt, all this while, as if my ear were blazing; he pinched it so hard.

blazing - flamboyant, feu, embrasement

pinched - pincé, pincer, chiper, pincement, pincée

'I'll tell you what I am,'whispered Mr. Creakle, letting it go at last, with a screw at parting that brought the water into my eyes. 'I'm a Tartar.'

screw - vis, hélice, visser, baiser, coucher avec, fourrer, foutre

Tartar - tartare, Tatare

'A Tartar,'said the man with the wooden leg.

'When I say I'll do a thing, I do it,'said Mr. Creakle; 'and when I say I will have a thing done, I will have it done.'

'"Will have a thing done, I will have it done,'repeated the man with the wooden leg.

'I am a determined character,'said Mr. Creakle. 'That's what I am. I do my duty. That's what I do. My flesh and blood'"he looked at Mrs. Creakle as he said this"'when it rises against me, is not my flesh and blood. I discard it. Has that fellow'"to the man with the wooden leg"'been here again?'

flesh - de la chair, chair, peau, viande, corps, pulpe

discard - rejeter, écarter, défausser

'No,'was the answer.

'No,'said Mr. Creakle. 'He knows better. He knows me. Let him keep away. I say let him keep away,'said Mr. Creakle, striking his hand upon the table, and looking at Mrs. Creakle, 'for he knows me. Now you have begun to know me too, my young friend, and you may go. Take him away.'

I was very glad to be ordered away, for Mrs. and Miss Creakle were both wiping their eyes, and I felt as uncomfortable for them as I did for myself. But I had a petition on my mind which concerned me so nearly, that I couldn't help saying, though I wondered at my own courage:

petition - pétition, pétitionner

'If you please, sir"'

Mr. Creakle whispered, 'Hah! What's this?'and bent his eyes upon me, as if he would have burnt me up with them.

Hah - hah

'If you please, sir,'I faltered, 'if I might be allowed (I am very sorry indeed, sir, for what I did) to take this writing off, before the boys come back"'

Whether Mr. Creakle was in earnest, or whether he only did it to frighten me, I don't know, but he made a burst out of his chair, before which I precipitately retreated, without waiting for the escort of the man with the wooden leg, and never once stopped until I reached my own bedroom, where, finding I was not pursued, I went to bed, as it was time, and lay quaking, for a couple of hours.

precipitately - précipitamment

retreated - s'est retirée, battre en retraite

escort - escorte, escorter

quaking - tremblements, (quake) tremblements

Next morning Mr. Sharp came back. Mr. Sharp was the first master, and superior to Mr. Mell. Mr. Mell took his meals with the boys, but Mr. Sharp dined and supped at Mr. Creakle's table. He was a limp, delicate-looking gentleman, I thought, with a good deal of nose, and a way of carrying his head on one side, as if it were a little too heavy for him.

limp - boiteux, boitez, boitent, boitons, boiter

His hair was very smooth and wavy; but I was informed by the very first boy who came back that it was a wig (a second-hand one HE said), and that Mr. Sharp went out every Saturday afternoon to get it curled.

wavy - ondé

wig - perruque

curled - frisé, boucle, rotationnel, boucler

It was no other than Tommy Traddles who gave me this piece of intelligence. He was the first boy who returned. He introduced himself by informing me that I should find his name on the right-hand corner of the gate, over the top-bolt; upon that I said, 'Traddles?'to which he replied, 'The same,'and then he asked me for a full account of myself and family.

bolt - boulon, verrouiller, pene

It was a happy circumstance for me that Traddles came back first. He enjoyed my placard so much, that he saved me from the embarrassment of either disclosure or concealment, by presenting me to every other boy who came back, great or small, immediately on his arrival, in this form of introduction, 'Look here! Here's a game!

embarrassment - de l'embarras, embarras, (etre la) honte (de)

concealment - dissimulation

'Happily, too, the greater part of the boys came back low-spirited, and were not so boisterous at my expense as I had expected. Some of them certainly did dance about me like wild Indians, and the greater part could not resist the temptation of pretending that I was a dog, and patting and soothing me, lest I should bite, and saying, 'Lie down, sir!'and calling me Towzer.

boisterous - bruyante, bruyant, tapageur, turbulent

Indians - les indiens, indien, amérindien, Indienne

temptation - la tentation, tentation

patting - la caresse, petite tape

soothing - apaisant, pacifiant, rassurant, (sooth)

This was naturally confusing, among so many strangers, and cost me some tears, but on the whole it was much better than I had anticipated.

I was not considered as being formally received into the school, however, until J. Steerforth arrived. Before this boy, who was reputed to be a great scholar, and was very good-looking, and at least half-a-dozen years my senior, I was carried as before a magistrate.

reputed - réputé, réputation

magistrate - magistrat

He inquired, under a shed in the playground, into the particulars of my punishment, and was pleased to express his opinion that it was 'a jolly shame'; for which I became bound to him ever afterwards.

'What money have you got, Copperfield?'he said, walking aside with me when he had disposed of my affair in these terms. I told him seven shillings.

'You had better give it to me to take care of,'he said. 'At least, you can if you like. You needn't if you don't like.'

needn - n'a pas besoin

I hastened to comply with his friendly suggestion, and opening Peggotty's purse, turned it upside down into his hand.

hastened to - s'est empressé de faire

comply - se conformer, respecter, acquiescer

'Do you want to spend anything now?'he asked me.

'No thank you,'I replied.

'You can, if you like, you know,'said Steerforth. 'Say the word.'

'No, thank you, sir,'I repeated.

'Perhaps you'd like to spend a couple of shillings or so, in a bottle of currant wine by and by, up in the bedroom?'said Steerforth. 'You belong to my bedroom, I find.'

currant - raisin de Corinthe, groseille, groseillier

It certainly had not occurred to me before, but I said, Yes, I should like that.

'Very good,'said Steerforth. 'You'll be glad to spend another shilling or so, in almond cakes, I dare say?'

shilling - shilling, (shill), homme de paille, prete-nom

almond - amande, amandier

I said, Yes, I should like that, too.

'And another shilling or so in biscuits, and another in fruit, eh?'said Steerforth. 'I say, young Copperfield, you're going it!'

eh - eh

I smiled because he smiled, but I was a little troubled in my mind, too.

'Well!'said Steerforth. 'We must make it stretch as far as we can; that's all. I'll do the best in my power for you. I can go out when I like, and I'll smuggle the prog in.'With these words he put the money in his pocket, and kindly told me not to make myself uneasy; he would take care it should be all right.

smuggle - la contrebande, passer en contrebande, contrebander

prog - prog

He was as good as his word, if that were all right which I had a secret misgiving was nearly all wrong"for I feared it was a waste of my mother's two half-crowns"though I had preserved the piece of paper they were wrapped in: which was a precious saving. When we went upstairs to bed, he produced the whole seven shillings'worth, and laid it out on my bed in the moonlight, saying:

moonlight - le clair de lune, clair de lune, travailler au noir

'There you are, young Copperfield, and a royal spread you've got.'

I couldn't think of doing the honours of the feast, at my time of life, while he was by; my hand shook at the very thought of it.

feast - la fete, délibéré

I begged him to do me the favour of presiding; and my request being seconded by the other boys who were in that room, he acceded to it, and sat upon my pillow, handing round the viands"with perfect fairness, I must say"and dispensing the currant wine in a little glass without a foot, which was his own property.

presiding - préside-t-il, présider

handing round - Distribuer

fairness - l'équité, justice

dispensing - la distribution, émettre, distribuer, partager, dispenser

As to me, I sat on his left hand, and the rest were grouped about us, on the nearest beds and on the floor.

How well I recollect our sitting there, talking in whispers; or their talking, and my respectfully listening, I ought rather to say; the moonlight falling a little way into the room, through the window, painting a pale window on the floor, and the greater part of us in shadow, except when Steerforth dipped a match into a phosphorus-box, when he wanted to look for anything on the board, and shed a blue glare over us that was gone directly! A certain mysterious feeling, consequent on the darkness, the secrecy of the revel, and the whisper in which everything was said, steals over me again, and I listen to all they tell me with a vague feeling of solemnity and awe, which makes me glad that they are all so near, and frightens me (though I feign to laugh) when Traddles pretends to see a ghost in the corner.

respectfully - respectueusement

dipped - trempé, tremper

phosphorus - phosphore

glare - éblouissement, éclat

consequent - conséquent

secrecy - le secret, secret, secrétisme

revel - révélation, se délecter (de)

vague - vague

feign - feindre

I heard all kinds of things about the school and all belonging to it. I heard that Mr. Creakle had not preferred his claim to being a Tartar without reason; that he was the sternest and most severe of masters; that he laid about him, right and left, every day of his life, charging in among the boys like a trooper, and slashing away, unmercifully.

sternest - le plus sévere, sévere

Trooper - soldat, troupier

slashing - la réduction des effectifs, (slash) la réduction des effectifs

unmercifully - sans pitié

That he knew nothing himself, but the art of slashing, being more ignorant (J. Steerforth said) than the lowest boy in the school; that he had been, a good many years ago, a small hop-dealer in the Borough, and had taken to the schooling business after being bankrupt in hops, and making away with Mrs. Creakle's money. With a good deal more of that sort, which I wondered how they knew.

ignorant - ignorant

borough - arrondissement

bankrupt - faillite

hops - le houblon, sauter a cloche-pied

I heard that the man with the wooden leg, whose name was Tungay, was an obstinate barbarian who had formerly assisted in the hop business, but had come into the scholastic line with Mr. Creakle, in consequence, as was supposed among the boys, of his having broken his leg in Mr. Creakle's service, and having done a deal of dishonest work for him, and knowing his secrets.

barbarian - barbare

hop - hop, sauter a cloche-pied

scholastic - scolastique, scolaire

I heard that with the single exception of Mr. Creakle, Tungay considered the whole establishment, masters and boys, as his natural enemies, and that the only delight of his life was to be sour and malicious. I heard that Mr.

sour - aigre, sur, rance, tourné, acerbe, acariâtre

malicious - malveillante

Creakle had a son, who had not been Tungay's friend, and who, assisting in the school, had once held some remonstrance with his father on an occasion when its discipline was very cruelly exercised, and was supposed, besides, to have protested against his father's usage of his mother. I heard that Mr. Creakle had turned him out of doors, in consequence; and that Mrs.

and Miss Creakle had been in a sad way, ever since.

But the greatest wonder that I heard of Mr. Creakle was, there being one boy in the school on whom he never ventured to lay a hand, and that boy being J. Steerforth. Steerforth himself confirmed this when it was stated, and said that he should like to begin to see him do it.

ventured - s'est aventuré, s'aventurer, risquer, oser

On being asked by a mild boy (not me) how he would proceed if he did begin to see him do it, he dipped a match into his phosphorus-box on purpose to shed a glare over his reply, and said he would commence by knocking him down with a blow on the forehead from the seven-and-sixpenny ink-bottle that was always on the mantelpiece. We sat in the dark for some time, breathless.

commence - commencer

sixpenny - six penny

I heard that Mr. Sharp and Mr. Mell were both supposed to be wretchedly paid; and that when there was hot and cold meat for dinner at Mr. Creakle's table, Mr. Sharp was always expected to say he preferred cold; which was again corroborated by J. Steerforth, the only parlour-boarder. I heard that Mr.

wretchedly - misérablement

cold meat - de la viande froide

corroborated - corroborée, corroborer

boarder - pensionnaire, interne, rench: t-needed r, planchiste

Sharp's wig didn't fit him; and that he needn't be so 'bounceable'"somebody else said 'bumptious'"about it, because his own red hair was very plainly to be seen behind.

bumptious - bumptious, prétentieux

plainly - en toute clarté, simplement, clairement

I heard that one boy, who was a coal-merchant's son, came as a set-off against the coal-bill, and was called, on that account, 'Exchange or Barter'"a name selected from the arithmetic book as expressing this arrangement. I heard that the table beer was a robbery of parents, and the pudding an imposition.

barter - le troc, troc, troquer

arithmetic book - livre de calcul

I heard that Miss Creakle was regarded by the school in general as being in love with Steerforth; and I am sure, as I sat in the dark, thinking of his nice voice, and his fine face, and his easy manner, and his curling hair, I thought it very likely. I heard that Mr. Mell was not a bad sort of fellow, but hadn't a sixpence to bless himself with; and that there was no doubt that old Mrs.

curling - le curling, curling, (curl), boucle, rotationnel, boucler

Mell, his mother, was as poor as job. I thought of my breakfast then, and what had sounded like 'My Charley!'but I was, I am glad to remember, as mute as a mouse about it.

mute - muet

The hearing of all this, and a good deal more, outlasted the banquet some time. The greater part of the guests had gone to bed as soon as the eating and drinking were over; and we, who had remained whispering and listening half-undressed, at last betook ourselves to bed, too.

outlasted - dépassé, survivre, durer, perdurer

banquet - banquet, festin

'Good night, young Copperfield,'said Steerforth. 'I'll take care of you.''You're very kind,'I gratefully returned. 'I am very much obliged to you.'

gratefully - avec gratitude

'You haven't got a sister, have you?'said Steerforth, yawning.

yawning - bâillements, (yawn), bâiller, béer, bâillement

'No,'I answered.

'That's a pity,'said Steerforth. 'If you had had one, I should think she would have been a pretty, timid, little, bright-eyed sort of girl. I should have liked to know her. Good night, young Copperfield.'

'Good night, sir,'I replied.

I thought of him very much after I went to bed, and raised myself, I recollect, to look at him where he lay in the moonlight, with his handsome face turned up, and his head reclining easily on his arm. He was a person of great power in my eyes; that was, of course, the reason of my mind running on him. No veiled future dimly glanced upon him in the moonbeams.

veiled - voilée, voile, voiler

There was no shadowy picture of his footsteps, in the garden that I dreamed of walking in all night.


School began in earnest next day. A profound impression was made upon me, I remember, by the roar of voices in the schoolroom suddenly becoming hushed as death when Mr. Creakle entered after breakfast, and stood in the doorway looking round upon us like a giant in a story-book surveying his captives.

roar - rugir, hurler, s'esclaffer, rire aux éclats

hushed - étouffé, silence

doorway - l'embrasure de la porte, embrasure de la porte

captives - captifs, captif, captive

Tungay stood at Mr. Creakle's elbow. He had no occasion, I thought, to cry out 'Silence!'so ferociously, for the boys were all struck speechless and motionless.

ferociously - férocement

speechless - sans voix

Mr. Creakle was seen to speak, and Tungay was heard, to this effect.

'Now, boys, this is a new half. Take care what you're about, in this new half. Come fresh up to the lessons, I advise you, for I come fresh up to the punishment. I won't flinch. It will be of no use your rubbing yourselves; you won't rub the marks out that I shall give you. Now get to work, every boy!'

flinch - flinch, reflux

When this dreadful exordium was over, and Tungay had stumped out again, Mr. Creakle came to where I sat, and told me that if I were famous for biting, he was famous for biting, too. He then showed me the cane, and asked me what I thought of THAT, for a tooth? Was it a sharp tooth, hey? Was it a double tooth, hey? Had it a deep prong, hey? Did it bite, hey? Did it bite?

exordium - exordium

stumped - vous etes perplexe, souche, moignon, estompe

prong - la fourche, dent, pointe, broche, bras

At every question he gave me a fleshy cut with it that made me writhe; so I was very soon made free of Salem House (as Steerforth said), and was very soon in tears also.

fleshy - charnue, carné, pulpeux, viandeux, charnu

writhe - se tordre, se débattre, se démener, se tortiller

Not that I mean to say these were special marks of distinction, which only I received. On the contrary, a large majority of the boys (especially the smaller ones) were visited with similar instances of notice, as Mr. Creakle made the round of the schoolroom.

Half the establishment was writhing and crying, before the day's work began; and how much of it had writhed and cried before the day's work was over, I am really afraid to recollect, lest I should seem to exaggerate.

writhed - s'est tordu, se débattre, se démener, se tortiller

exaggerate - exagérer, outrer

I should think there never can have been a man who enjoyed his profession more than Mr. Creakle did. He had a delight in cutting at the boys, which was like the satisfaction of a craving appetite. I am confident that he couldn't resist a chubby boy, especially; that there was a fascination in such a subject, which made him restless in his mind, until he had scored and marked him for the day.

craving - envie, (crave), souhaiter, désirer, implorer

Chubby - potelé, dodu

I was chubby myself, and ought to know.

I am sure when I think of the fellow now, my blood rises against him with the disinterested indignation I should feel if I could have known all about him without having ever been in his power; but it rises hotly, because I know him to have been an incapable brute, who had no more right to be possessed of the great trust he held, than to be Lord High Admiral, or Commander-in-Chief"in either of which capacities it is probable that he would have done infinitely less mischief.

disinterested - désintéressé, désintéret

hotly - chaudement

incapable - incapable

brute - brute, bete, brutal

admiral - amiral

infinitely - a l'infini

mischief - méfaits, espieglerie, betise, polissonnerie, méfait

Miserable little propitiators of a remorseless Idol, how abject we were to him! What a launch in life I think it now, on looking back, to be so mean and servile to a man of such parts and pretensions!

remorseless - sans remords

idol - idole

abject - abject, dédaigneux

servile - servile

Here I sit at the desk again, watching his eye"humbly watching his eye, as he rules a ciphering-book for another victim whose hands have just been flattened by that identical ruler, and who is trying to wipe the sting out with a pocket-handkerchief. I have plenty to do.

ciphering - le chiffrement, (cipher), chiffre, tranche

flattened - aplatie, aplatir

sting - piqure, morsure, aiguillon, piquons, piquer, piquent

I don't watch his eye in idleness, but because I am morbidly attracted to it, in a dread desire to know what he will do next, and whether it will be my turn to suffer, or somebody else's. A lane of small boys beyond me, with the same interest in his eye, watch it too. I think he knows it, though he pretends he don't.

idleness - l'oisiveté, oisiveté, inactivité, indolence, inutilité

morbidly - morbide

He makes dreadful mouths as he rules the ciphering-book; and now he throws his eye sideways down our lane, and we all droop over our books and tremble. A moment afterwards we are again eyeing him. An unhappy culprit, found guilty of imperfect exercise, approaches at his command. The culprit falters excuses, and professes a determination to do better tomorrow. Mr.

droop - tomber, s'affaisser, bec

culprit - coupable

imperfect - imparfait

falters - faiblit, vaciller

Creakle cuts a joke before he beats him, and we laugh at it,"miserable little dogs, we laugh, with our visages as white as ashes, and our hearts sinking into our boots.

Here I sit at the desk again, on a drowsy summer afternoon. A buzz and hum go up around me, as if the boys were so many bluebottles. A cloggy sensation of the lukewarm fat of meat is upon me (we dined an hour or two ago), and my head is as heavy as so much lead. I would give the world to go to sleep. I sit with my eye on Mr.

buzz - buzz, coup de fil, bourdonner, raser, tondre

Hum - hum, fredonner, bourdonner, fourmiller

cloggy - bouché

lukewarm - tiede

Creakle, blinking at him like a young owl; when sleep overpowers me for a minute, he still looms through my slumber, ruling those ciphering-books, until he softly comes behind me and wakes me to plainer perception of him, with a red ridge across my back.

blinking at - en clignant des yeux

Owl - hibou, chouette

overpowers - surpasse, soumettre

looms - métiers a tisser, métier a tisser

ridge - crete, crete, faîte, dorsale

Here I am in the playground, with my eye still fascinated by him, though I can't see him. The window at a little distance from which I know he is having his dinner, stands for him, and I eye that instead. If he shows his face near it, mine assumes an imploring and submissive expression.

fascinated - fasciné, fasciner

submissive - soumis

If he looks out through the glass, the boldest boy (Steerforth excepted) stops in the middle of a shout or yell, and becomes contemplative. One day, Traddles (the most unfortunate boy in the world) breaks that window accidentally, with a ball. I shudder at this moment with the tremendous sensation of seeing it done, and feeling that the ball has bounded on to Mr. Creakle's sacred head.

yell - crier, hurlent, hurler, jacasser, hurlez, hurlons

contemplative - contemplatif

most unfortunate - le plus malheureux

shudder - frémir, tremblement, frisson, frissonner, trembler

sacred - sacrée, sacré, saint

Poor Traddles! In a tight sky-blue suit that made his arms and legs like German sausages, or roly-poly puddings, he was the merriest and most miserable of all the boys. He was always being caned"I think he was caned every day that half-year, except one holiday Monday when he was only ruler'd on both hands"and was always going to write to his uncle about it, and never did.

German - Allemand, Allemande, Germain, Germaine

sausages - saucisses, saucisse, saucisson

poly - poly

puddings - puddings, boudin, pudding

merriest - le plus joyeux, joyeux

most miserable - le plus malheureux

caned - canné, canne, tige, bastonnade, canne blanche

After laying his head on the desk for a little while, he would cheer up, somehow, begin to laugh again, and draw skeletons all over his slate, before his eyes were dry. I used at first to wonder what comfort Traddles found in drawing skeletons; and for some time looked upon him as a sort of hermit, who reminded himself by those symbols of mortality that caning couldn't last for ever.

skeletons - des squelettes, squelette

Hermit - l'ermite, ermite, ermitane

mortality - la mortalité, mortalité, condition mortelle

caning - la bastonnade, bastonnade, (cane), canne, tige

But I believe he only did it because they were easy, and didn't want any features.

He was very honourable, Traddles was, and held it as a solemn duty in the boys to stand by one another. He suffered for this on several occasions; and particularly once, when Steerforth laughed in church, and the Beadle thought it was Traddles, and took him out. I see him now, going away in custody, despised by the congregation.

honourable - honorable

beadle - bailli, bedeau, suisse

despised - méprisé, mépriser, dédaigner

He never said who was the real offender, though he smarted for it next day, and was imprisoned so many hours that he came forth with a whole churchyard-full of skeletons swarming all over his Latin Dictionary. But he had his reward. Steerforth said there was nothing of the sneak in Traddles, and we all felt that to be the highest praise.

imprisoned - emprisonné, emprisonner, mettre en prison

swarming - l'essaimage, (swarm), essaim (flying insects)

sneak - sournois, resquilleur, faucher, piquer, resquiller, cacher

For my part, I could have gone through a good deal (though I was much less brave than Traddles, and nothing like so old) to have won such a recompense.

recompense - compensation, restituer

To see Steerforth walk to church before us, arm-in-arm with Miss Creakle, was one of the great sights of my life. I didn't think Miss Creakle equal to little Em'ly in point of beauty, and I didn't love her (I didn't dare); but I thought her a young lady of extraordinary attractions, and in point of gentility not to be surpassed.

surpassed - surpassé, surpasser, dépasser, excéder

When Steerforth, in white trousers, carried her parasol for her, I felt proud to know him; and believed that she could not choose but adore him with all her heart. Mr. Sharp and Mr. Mell were both notable personages in my eyes; but Steerforth was to them what the sun was to two stars.

adore - adorer

notable - remarquable, notable, personnage

personages - personnages, personnage

Steerforth continued his protection of me, and proved a very useful friend; since nobody dared to annoy one whom he honoured with his countenance. He couldn't"or at all events he didn't"defend me from Mr.

Creakle, who was very severe with me; but whenever I had been treated worse than usual, he always told me that I wanted a little of his pluck, and that he wouldn't have stood it himself; which I felt he intended for encouragement, and considered to be very kind of him. There was one advantage, and only one that I know of, in Mr. Creakle's severity.

pluck - tirer, pincer, plumer, voler, abats, persévérance, (du) cour

He found my placard in his way when he came up or down behind the form on which I sat, and wanted to make a cut at me in passing; for this reason it was soon taken off, and I saw it no more.

An accidental circumstance cemented the intimacy between Steerforth and me, in a manner that inspired me with great pride and satisfaction, though it sometimes led to inconvenience.

accidental - accidentelle, accidentel, altération

cemented - cimenté, ciment, colle, adhésif, cimenter

inconvenience - inconvénients, dérangement, désagrément

It happened on one occasion, when he was doing me the honour of talking to me in the playground, that I hazarded the observation that something or somebody"I forget what now"was like something or somebody in Peregrine Pickle. He said nothing at the time; but when I was going to bed at night, asked me if I had got that book?

hazarded - en danger, hasard, danger, tenter, hasarder

I told him no, and explained how it was that I had read it, and all those other books of which I have made mention.

'And do you recollect them?'Steerforth said.

'Oh yes,'I replied; I had a good memory, and I believed I recollected them very well.

recollected - rappelée, se souvenir de

'Then I tell you what, young Copperfield,'said Steerforth, 'you shall tell 'em to me. I can't get to sleep very early at night, and I generally wake rather early in the morning. We'll go over 'em one after another. We'll make some regular Arabian Nights of it.'

I felt extremely flattered by this arrangement, and we commenced carrying it into execution that very evening.

flattered - flattée, flatter

commenced - commencé, commencer

execution - l'exécution, exécution

What ravages I committed on my favourite authors in the course of my interpretation of them, I am not in a condition to say, and should be very unwilling to know; but I had a profound faith in them, and I had, to the best of my belief, a simple, earnest manner of narrating what I did narrate; and these qualities went a long way.

ravages - ravages, ravager

narrating - raconter, conter, narrer, rapporter, relater

narrate - raconter, narrer, rapporter, relater

The drawback was, that I was often sleepy at night, or out of spirits and indisposed to resume the story; and then it was rather hard work, and it must be done; for to disappoint or to displease Steerforth was of course out of the question.

drawback - inconvénients, inconvénient, désavantage, drawback

resume - cv, resume, reprendent, reprends, reprenez, reprenons

In the morning, too, when I felt weary, and should have enjoyed another hour's repose very much, it was a tiresome thing to be roused, like the Sultana Scheherazade, and forced into a long story before the getting-up bell rang; but Steerforth was resolute; and as he explained to me, in return, my sums and exercises, and anything in my tasks that was too hard for me, I was no loser by the transaction. Let me do myself justice, however. I was moved by no interested or selfish motive, nor was I moved by fear of him. I admired and loved him, and his approval was return enough. It was so precious to me that I look back on these trifles, now, with an aching heart.

tiresome - lassant

roused - réveillé, réveiller

Sultana - raisin de Smyrne, sultane

resolute - résolu, résolue, ferme, déterminé

loser - perdant, perdante

motive - motif, mobile, theme, motiver, moteur, mouvant

trifles - des broutilles, bagatelle, broutille, babiole, bricole

aching - douloureux, endolori, (ache) douloureux

Steerforth was considerate, too; and showed his consideration, in one particular instance, in an unflinching manner that was a little tantalizing, I suspect, to poor Traddles and the rest. Peggotty's promised letter"what a comfortable letter it was!"arrived before 'the half'was many weeks old; and with it a cake in a perfect nest of oranges, and two bottles of cowslip wine.

unflinching - inébranlable

tantalizing - alléchant, exciter la convoitise de

This treasure, as in duty bound, I laid at the feet of Steerforth, and begged him to dispense.

as in duty bound - Comme c'est leur devoir

dispense - émettre, distribuer, partager, dispenser, doser

'Now, I'll tell you what, young Copperfield,'said he: 'the wine shall be kept to wet your whistle when you are story-telling.'

I blushed at the idea, and begged him, in my modesty, not to think of it. But he said he had observed I was sometimes hoarse"a little roopy was his exact expression"and it should be, every drop, devoted to the purpose he had mentioned.

hoarse - rauque, rugueux

roopy - roopy

Accordingly, it was locked up in his box, and drawn off by himself in a phial, and administered to me through a piece of quill in the cork, when I was supposed to be in want of a restorative.

drawn off - tirée

phial - ampoule

administered - administré, administrer, gérer

quill - plume d'oie, plume, piquant, épine

Sometimes, to make it a more sovereign specific, he was so kind as to squeeze orange juice into it, or to stir it up with ginger, or dissolve a peppermint drop in it; and although I cannot assert that the flavour was improved by these experiments, or that it was exactly the compound one would have chosen for a stomachic, the last thing at night and the first thing in the morning, I drank it gratefully and was very sensible of his attention.

sovereign - souveraine, souverain

ginger - gingembre

dissolve - se dissoudre, dissoudre, checkrompre, checkannuler

peppermint - menthe poivrée

stomachic - stomachique

We seem, to me, to have been months over Peregrine, and months more over the other stories. The institution never flagged for want of a story, I am certain; and the wine lasted out almost as well as the matter.

Poor Traddles"I never think of that boy but with a strange disposition to laugh, and with tears in my eyes"was a sort of chorus, in general; and affected to be convulsed with mirth at the comic parts, and to be overcome with fear when there was any passage of an alarming character in the narrative. This rather put me out, very often.

chorus - chour, chour antique, chour, chorale, refrain

convulsed - convulsé, convulser

mirth - l'humour, gaieté

It was a great jest of his, I recollect, to pretend that he couldn't keep his teeth from chattering, whenever mention was made of an Alguazill in connexion with the adventures of Gil Blas; and I remember that when Gil Blas met the captain of the robbers in Madrid, this unlucky joker counterfeited such an ague of terror, that he was overheard by Mr.

jest - jest, plaisanter

chattering - bavardage, (chatter) bavardage

connexion - connexion

robbers - des voleurs, brigand, bandit

joker - blagueur, farceur, joker

counterfeited - contrefaites, contrefait, contrefaçon, contrefaire

ague - ague, fievre

Creakle, who was prowling about the passage, and handsomely flogged for disorderly conduct in the bedroom. Whatever I had within me that was romantic and dreamy, was encouraged by so much story-telling in the dark; and in that respect the pursuit may not have been very profitable to me.

prowling - rôder, (prowl)

disorderly - désordonné

dreamy - reveuse

profitable - profitable, fructueux, lucratif, rentable

But the being cherished as a kind of plaything in my room, and the consciousness that this accomplishment of mine was bruited about among the boys, and attracted a good deal of notice to me though I was the youngest there, stimulated me to exertion. In a school carried on by sheer cruelty, whether it is presided over by a dunce or not, there is not likely to be much learnt.

plaything - jouet, joujou

accomplishment - l'accomplissement, accomplissement

sheer - transparent, pur

cruelty - la cruauté, cruauté

dunce - cancre

I believe our boys were, generally, as ignorant a set as any schoolboys in existence; they were too much troubled and knocked about to learn; they could no more do that to advantage, than any one can do anything to advantage in a life of constant misfortune, torment, and worry.

schoolboys - des écoliers, éleve, écolier

But my little vanity, and Steerforth's help, urged me on somehow; and without saving me from much, if anything, in the way of punishment, made me, for the time I was there, an exception to the general body, insomuch that I did steadily pick up some crumbs of knowledge.

vanity - la vanité, vanité

insomuch - a l'insu de tous

crumbs - des miettes, (crumb), miette, mie, paner

In this I was much assisted by Mr. Mell, who had a liking for me that I am grateful to remember. It always gave me pain to observe that Steerforth treated him with systematic disparagement, and seldom lost an occasion of wounding his feelings, or inducing others to do so.

systematic - systématique

inducing - induisant, induire

This troubled me the more for a long time, because I had soon told Steerforth, from whom I could no more keep such a secret, than I could keep a cake or any other tangible possession, about the two old women Mr. Mell had taken me to see; and I was always afraid that Steerforth would let it out, and twit him with it.

tangible - tangible, palpable

twit - twit, andouille, abruti, couillon

We little thought, any one of us, I dare say, when I ate my breakfast that first morning, and went to sleep under the shadow of the peacock's feathers to the sound of the flute, what consequences would come of the introduction into those alms-houses of my insignificant person. But the visit had its unforeseen consequences; and of a serious sort, too, in their way.

insignificant - insignifiante

unforeseen - imprévu

One day when Mr. Creakle kept the house from indisposition, which naturally diffused a lively joy through the school, there was a good deal of noise in the course of the morning's work.

diffused - diffusée, (se) diffuser, (se) répandre

The great relief and satisfaction experienced by the boys made them difficult to manage; and though the dreaded Tungay brought his wooden leg in twice or thrice, and took notes of the principal offenders'names, no great impression was made by it, as they were pretty sure of getting into trouble tomorrow, do what they would, and thought it wise, no doubt, to enjoy themselves today.

thrice - trois fois

It was, properly, a half-holiday; being Saturday. But as the noise in the playground would have disturbed Mr. Creakle, and the weather was not favourable for going out walking, we were ordered into school in the afternoon, and set some lighter tasks than usual, which were made for the occasion. It was the day of the week on which Mr. Sharp went out to get his wig curled; so Mr.

Mell, who always did the drudgery, whatever it was, kept school by himself. If I could associate the idea of a bull or a bear with anyone so mild as Mr. Mell, I should think of him, in connexion with that afternoon when the uproar was at its height, as of one of those animals, baited by a thousand dogs.

baited - appâté, appât

I recall him bending his aching head, supported on his bony hand, over the book on his desk, and wretchedly endeavouring to get on with his tiresome work, amidst an uproar that might have made the Speaker of the House of Commons giddy.

amidst - au milieu

Boys started in and out of their places, playing at puss in the corner with other boys; there were laughing boys, singing boys, talking boys, dancing boys, howling boys; boys shuffled with their feet, boys whirled about him, grinning, making faces, mimicking him behind his back and before his eyes; mimicking his poverty, his boots, his coat, his mother, everything belonging to him that they should have had consideration for.

Puss - chatte, minou

whirled - tourbillonné, tourbillonner

grinning - sourire, avoir un grand sourire

'Silence!'cried Mr. Mell, suddenly rising up, and striking his desk with the book. 'What does this mean! It's impossible to bear it. It's maddening. How can you do it to me, boys?'

It was my book that he struck his desk with; and as I stood beside him, following his eye as it glanced round the room, I saw the boys all stop, some suddenly surprised, some half afraid, and some sorry perhaps.

Steerforth's place was at the bottom of the school, at the opposite end of the long room. He was lounging with his back against the wall, and his hands in his pockets, and looked at Mr. Mell with his mouth shut up as if he were whistling, when Mr. Mell looked at him.

lounging - se prélasser, (lounge), salle d'attente, salon

'Silence, Mr. Steerforth!'said Mr. Mell.

'Silence yourself,'said Steerforth, turning red. 'Whom are you talking to?'

'Sit down,'said Mr. Mell.

'Sit down yourself,'said Steerforth, 'and mind your business.'


There was a titter, and some applause; but Mr. Mell was so white, that silence immediately succeeded; and one boy, who had darted out behind him to imitate his mother again, changed his mind, and pretended to want a pen mended.

titter - titrer, rire sottement

darted - dardé, dard, fleche

imitate - imiter

mended - réparé, réparer, raccommoder, rapiécer, s'améliorer

'If you think, Steerforth,'said Mr. Mell, 'that I am not acquainted with the power you can establish over any mind here'"he laid his hand, without considering what he did (as I supposed), upon my head"'or that I have not observed you, within a few minutes, urging your juniors on to every sort of outrage against me, you are mistaken.'

outrage - l'indignation, outrage, offense, colere, rage, indignation

are mistaken - Se tromper

'I don't give myself the trouble of thinking at all about you,'said Steerforth, coolly; 'so I'm not mistaken, as it happens.'

coolly - froidement

'And when you make use of your position of favouritism here, sir,'pursued Mr. Mell, with his lip trembling very much, 'to insult a gentleman"'

favouritism - le favoritisme, favoritisme

insult - insultes, insulter, insulte

'A what?"where is he?'said Steerforth.

Here somebody cried out, 'Shame, J. Steerforth! Too bad!'It was Traddles; whom Mr. Mell instantly discomfited by bidding him hold his tongue. "'To insult one who is not fortunate in life, sir, and who never gave you the least offence, and the many reasons for not insulting whom you are old enough and wise enough to understand,'said Mr.

insulting - insultant, insulter, insulte

Mell, with his lips trembling more and more, 'you commit a mean and base action. You can sit down or stand up as you please, sir. Copperfield, go on.'

'Young Copperfield,'said Steerforth, coming forward up the room, 'stop a bit. I tell you what, Mr. Mell, once for all. When you take the liberty of calling me mean or base, or anything of that sort, you are an impudent beggar. You are always a beggar, you know; but when you do that, you are an impudent beggar.'

beggar - gueux, mendiant, mendiante, queteux

I am not clear whether he was going to strike Mr. Mell, or Mr. Mell was going to strike him, or there was any such intention on either side. I saw a rigidity come upon the whole school as if they had been turned into stone, and found Mr. Creakle in the midst of us, with Tungay at his side, and Mrs. and Miss Creakle looking in at the door as if they were frightened. Mr.

Mell, with his elbows on his desk and his face in his hands, sat, for some moments, quite still.

'Mr. Mell,'said Mr. Creakle, shaking him by the arm; and his whisper was so audible now, that Tungay felt it unnecessary to repeat his words; 'you have not forgotten yourself, I hope?'

'No, sir, no,'returned the Master, showing his face, and shaking his head, and rubbing his hands in great agitation. 'No, sir. No. I have remembered myself, I"no, Mr. Creakle, I have not forgotten myself, I"I have remembered myself, sir. I"I"could wish you had remembered me a little sooner, Mr. Creakle. It"it"would have been more kind, sir, more just, sir. It would have saved me something, sir.'

Mr. Creakle, looking hard at Mr. Mell, put his hand on Tungay's shoulder, and got his feet upon the form close by, and sat upon the desk. After still looking hard at Mr. Mell from his throne, as he shook his head, and rubbed his hands, and remained in the same state of agitation, Mr. Creakle turned to Steerforth, and said:

throne - trône

'Now, sir, as he don't condescend to tell me, what is this?'

condescend to - de condescendance

Steerforth evaded the question for a little while; looking in scorn and anger on his opponent, and remaining silent. I could not help thinking even in that interval, I remember, what a noble fellow he was in appearance, and how homely and plain Mr. Mell looked opposed to him.

evaded - éludé, esquiver, s'évader

scorn - mépriser, dédaigner, mépris, dédain

noble - noble, aristocrate, aristocratique

'What did he mean by talking about favourites, then?'said Steerforth at length.

'Favourites?'repeated Mr. Creakle, with the veins in his forehead swelling quickly. 'Who talked about favourites?'

swelling - gonflement, (swell)

'He did,'said Steerforth.

'And pray, what did you mean by that, sir?'demanded Mr. Creakle, turning angrily on his assistant.

'I meant, Mr. Creakle,'he returned in a low voice, 'as I said; that no pupil had a right to avail himself of his position of favouritism to degrade me.'

'To degrade YOU?'said Mr. Creakle. 'My stars! But give me leave to ask you, Mr. What's-your-name'; and here Mr. Creakle folded his arms, cane and all, upon his chest, and made such a knot of his brows that his little eyes were hardly visible below them; 'whether, when you talk about favourites, you showed proper respect to me? To me, sir,'said Mr.

knot - noud, nodale

brows - les sourcils, (brow), andouiller d'oil, maître andouiller

Creakle, darting his head at him suddenly, and drawing it back again, 'the principal of this establishment, and your employer.'

darting - darting, dard, fleche

'It was not judicious, sir, I am willing to admit,'said Mr. Mell. 'I should not have done so, if I had been cool.'

judicious - judicieux

Here Steerforth struck in.

'Then he said I was mean, and then he said I was base, and then I called him a beggar. If I had been cool, perhaps I shouldn't have called him a beggar. But I did, and I am ready to take the consequences of it.'

shouldn - devrait

Without considering, perhaps, whether there were any consequences to be taken, I felt quite in a glow at this gallant speech. It made an impression on the boys too, for there was a low stir among them, though no one spoke a word.

glow - l'éclat, briller, luire, irradier, lueur, éclat

gallant - galant, brave, vaillant

'I am surprised, Steerforth"although your candour does you honour,'said Mr. Creakle, 'does you honour, certainly"I am surprised, Steerforth, I must say, that you should attach such an epithet to any person employed and paid in Salem House, sir.'

candour - candeur

epithet - épithete, épithete

Steerforth gave a short laugh.

'That's not an answer, sir,'said Mr. Creakle, 'to my remark. I expect more than that from you, Steerforth.'

If Mr. Mell looked homely, in my eyes, before the handsome boy, it would be quite impossible to say how homely Mr. Creakle looked. 'Let him deny it,'said Steerforth.

'Deny that he is a beggar, Steerforth?'cried Mr. Creakle. 'Why, where does he go a-begging?'

'If he is not a beggar himself, his near relation's one,'said Steerforth. 'It's all the same.'

He glanced at me, and Mr. Mell's hand gently patted me upon the shoulder. I looked up with a flush upon my face and remorse in my heart, but Mr. Mell's eyes were fixed on Steerforth. He continued to pat me kindly on the shoulder, but he looked at him.

flush - la chasse d'eau, vidanger, rougeur

Pat - pat, petite tape

'Since you expect me, Mr. Creakle, to justify myself,'said Steerforth, 'and to say what I mean,"what I have to say is, that his mother lives on charity in an alms-house.'

Mr. Mell still looked at him, and still patted me kindly on the shoulder, and said to himself, in a whisper, if I heard right: 'Yes, I thought so.'

Mr. Creakle turned to his assistant, with a severe frown and laboured politeness:

politeness - la politesse, politesse

'Now, you hear what this gentleman says, Mr. Mell. Have the goodness, if you please, to set him right before the assembled school.'

assembled - assemblés, assembler, rassembler

'He is right, sir, without correction,'returned Mr. Mell, in the midst of a dead silence; 'what he has said is true.'

correction - correction, rectification

'Be so good then as declare publicly, will you,'said Mr. Creakle, putting his head on one side, and rolling his eyes round the school, 'whether it ever came to my knowledge until this moment?'

publicly - publiquement

'I believe not directly,'he returned.

'Why, you know not,'said Mr. Creakle. 'Don't you, man?'

'I apprehend you never supposed my worldly circumstances to be very good,'replied the assistant. 'You know what my position is, and always has been, here.'

apprehend - appréhender, comprendre, arreter

'I apprehend, if you come to that,'said Mr. Creakle, with his veins swelling again bigger than ever, 'that you've been in a wrong position altogether, and mistook this for a charity school. Mr. Mell, we'll part, if you please. The sooner the better.'

'There is no time,'answered Mr. Mell, rising, 'like the present.'

'Sir, to you!'said Mr. Creakle.

'I take my leave of you, Mr. Creakle, and all of you,'said Mr. Mell, glancing round the room, and again patting me gently on the shoulders. 'James Steerforth, the best wish I can leave you is that you may come to be ashamed of what you have done today. At present I would prefer to see you anything rather than a friend, to me, or to anyone in whom I feel an interest.'

James - james, Jacques

Once more he laid his hand upon my shoulder; and then taking his flute and a few books from his desk, and leaving the key in it for his successor, he went out of the school, with his property under his arm. Mr.

successor - successeur, successeuse, successrice

Creakle then made a speech, through Tungay, in which he thanked Steerforth for asserting (though perhaps too warmly) the independence and respectability of Salem House; and which he wound up by shaking hands with Steerforth, while we gave three cheers"I did not quite know what for, but I supposed for Steerforth, and so joined in them ardently, though I felt miserable. Mr.

asserting - affirmer, attester, asseoir

warmly - chaleureusement, chaudement

respectability - respectabilité

ardently - généreuxse, véhément

Creakle then caned Tommy Traddles for being discovered in tears, instead of cheers, on account of Mr. Mell's departure; and went back to his sofa, or his bed, or wherever he had come from.

sofa - canapé, sofa

We were left to ourselves now, and looked very blank, I recollect, on one another.

For myself, I felt so much self-reproach and contrition for my part in what had happened, that nothing would have enabled me to keep back my tears but the fear that Steerforth, who often looked at me, I saw, might think it unfriendly"or, I should rather say, considering our relative ages, and the feeling with which I regarded him, undutiful"if I showed the emotion which distressed me.

reproach - des reproches, reproche, opprobre, reprocher

contrition - la contrition, contrition, componction

unfriendly - inamicale, déplaisant

undutiful - non consciencieux

distressed - en détresse, détresse

He was very angry with Traddles, and said he was glad he had caught it.

Poor Traddles, who had passed the stage of lying with his head upon the desk, and was relieving himself as usual with a burst of skeletons, said he didn't care. Mr. Mell was ill-used.

'Who has ill-used him, you girl?'said Steerforth.

'Why, you have,'returned Traddles.

'What have I done?'said Steerforth.

'What have you done?'retorted Traddles. 'Hurt his feelings, and lost him his situation.'

retorted - a rétorqué, rétorquer

'His feelings?'repeated Steerforth disdainfully. 'His feelings will soon get the better of it, I'll be bound. His feelings are not like yours, Miss Traddles. As to his situation"which was a precious one, wasn't it?"do you suppose I am not going to write home, and take care that he gets some money? Polly?'

disdainfully - avec dédain

We thought this intention very noble in Steerforth, whose mother was a widow, and rich, and would do almost anything, it was said, that he asked her.

We were all extremely glad to see Traddles so put down, and exalted Steerforth to the skies: especially when he told us, as he condescended to do, that what he had done had been done expressly for us, and for our cause; and that he had conferred a great boon upon us by unselfishly doing it. But I must say that when I was going on with a story in the dark that night, Mr.

condescended to - avec condescendance

conferred - conféré, conférer, accorder, décerner

boon - boon, aubaine

unselfishly - de maniere désintéressée

Mell's old flute seemed more than once to sound mournfully in my ears; and that when at last Steerforth was tired, and I lay down in my bed, I fancied it playing so sorrowfully somewhere, that I was quite wretched.

mournfully - en deuil

I soon forgot him in the contemplation of Steerforth, who, in an easy amateur way, and without any book (he seemed to me to know everything by heart), took some of his classes until a new master was found. The new master came from a grammar school; and before he entered on his duties, dined in the parlour one day, to be introduced to Steerforth.

amateur - amateur, amatrice, amateuse

grammar school - L'école primaire

Steerforth approved of him highly, and told us he was a Brick. Without exactly understanding what learned distinction was meant by this, I respected him greatly for it, and had no doubt whatever of his superior knowledge: though he never took the pains with me"not that I was anybody"that Mr. Mell had taken.

There was only one other event in this half-year, out of the daily school-life, that made an impression upon me which still survives. It survives for many reasons.

One afternoon, when we were all harassed into a state of dire confusion, and Mr. Creakle was laying about him dreadfully, Tungay came in, and called out in his usual strong way: 'Visitors for Copperfield!'

harassed - harcelés, harceler

dire - dire, funeste, sinistre, pressant, extreme, terrible

A few words were interchanged between him and Mr. Creakle, as, who the visitors were, and what room they were to be shown into; and then I, who had, according to custom, stood up on the announcement being made, and felt quite faint with astonishment, was told to go by the back stairs and get a clean frill on, before I repaired to the dining-room.

interchanged - échangés, échangeur autoroutier, échangeur routier, échangeur

frill - fioritures, friser

These orders I obeyed, in such a flutter and hurry of my young spirits as I had never known before; and when I got to the parlour door, and the thought came into my head that it might be my mother"I had only thought of Mr. or Miss Murdstone until then"I drew back my hand from the lock, and stopped to have a sob before I went in.

flutter - flottement, faséyer, voleter, voltiger, battement

At first I saw nobody; but feeling a pressure against the door, I looked round it, and there, to my amazement, were Mr. Peggotty and Ham, ducking at me with their hats, and squeezing one another against the wall. I could not help laughing; but it was much more in the pleasure of seeing them, than at the appearance they made.

ducking - l'esquive, (duck) l'esquive

squeezing - presser, (squeeze), comprimer, tasser, serrer

We shook hands in a very cordial way; and I laughed and laughed, until I pulled out my pocket-handkerchief and wiped my eyes.

cordial - cordial, sirop

Mr. Peggotty (who never shut his mouth once, I remember, during the visit) showed great concern when he saw me do this, and nudged Ham to say something.

nudged - poussé, petit coup de coude, petite tape amicale, nudge

'Cheer up, Mas'r Davy bor'!'said Ham, in his simpering way. 'Why, how you have growed!'

bor - bor

'Am I grown?'I said, drying my eyes. I was not crying at anything in particular that I know of; but somehow it made me cry, to see old friends.

'Growed, Mas'r Davy bor'? Ain't he growed!'said Ham.

'Ain't he growed!'said Mr. Peggotty.

They made me laugh again by laughing at each other, and then we all three laughed until I was in danger of crying again.

'Do you know how mama is, Mr. Peggotty?'I said. 'And how my dear, dear, old Peggotty is?'

'Oncommon,'said Mr. Peggotty.

'And little Em'ly, and Mrs. Gummidge?'

'On"common,'said Mr. Peggotty.

There was a silence. Mr. Peggotty, to relieve it, took two prodigious lobsters, and an enormous crab, and a large canvas bag of shrimps, out of his pockets, and piled them up in Ham's arms.

prodigious - prodigieux

Crab - le crabe, crabe

shrimps - crevettes, crevette

'You see,'said Mr. Peggotty, 'knowing as you was partial to a little relish with your wittles when you was along with us, we took the liberty. The old Mawther biled 'em, she did. Mrs. Gummidge biled 'em. Yes,'said Mr. Peggotty, slowly, who I thought appeared to stick to the subject on account of having no other subject ready, 'Mrs. Gummidge, I do assure you, she biled 'em.'

biled - biled

I expressed my thanks; and Mr. Peggotty, after looking at Ham, who stood smiling sheepishly over the shellfish, without making any attempt to help him, said:

shellfish - des coquillages, coquillage, fruits de mer

'We come, you see, the wind and tide making in our favour, in one of our Yarmouth lugs to Gravesen'. My sister she wrote to me the name of this here place, and wrote to me as if ever I chanced to come to Gravesen', I was to come over and inquire for Mas'r Davy and give her dooty, humbly wishing him well and reporting of the fam'ly as they was oncommon toe-be-sure.

lugs - ergots, traîner

Little Em'ly, you see, she'll write to my sister when I go back, as I see you and as you was similarly oncommon, and so we make it quite a merry-go-rounder.'

I was obliged to consider a little before I understood what Mr. Peggotty meant by this figure, expressive of a complete circle of intelligence. I then thanked him heartily; and said, with a consciousness of reddening, that I supposed little Em'ly was altered too, since we used to pick up shells and pebbles on the beach?

expressive - expressif

reddening - le rougissement, rougir, faire rougir

'She's getting to be a woman, that's wot she's getting to be,'said Mr. Peggotty. 'Ask HIM.'He meant Ham, who beamed with delight and assent over the bag of shrimps.

wot - quoi, (wit) quoi

beamed - téléporté, madrier, poutre, merrain, perche, limon, timon, age

assent - l'assentiment, assentir, assentiment

'Her pretty face!'said Mr. Peggotty, with his own shining like a light.

'Her learning!'said Ham.

'Her writing!'said Mr. Peggotty. 'Why it's as black as jet! And so large it is, you might see it anywheres.'

It was perfectly delightful to behold with what enthusiasm Mr. Peggotty became inspired when he thought of his little favourite. He stands before me again, his bluff hairy face irradiating with a joyful love and pride, for which I can find no description. His honest eyes fire up, and sparkle, as if their depths were stirred by something bright. His broad chest heaves with pleasure.

behold - regarder, voir, observer, voici, voila

bluff - bluff, direct

irradiating - l'irradiation, irradier

joyful - allegre, joyeux

sparkle - étincelle, brillons, brillez, brillent

stirred - remué, brasser, agiter

heaves - les soulevements, hisser

His strong loose hands clench themselves, in his earnestness; and he emphasizes what he says with a right arm that shows, in my pigmy view, like a sledge-hammer.

pigmy - Porcinet

sledge-hammer - (sledge-hammer) Masse

Ham was quite as earnest as he. I dare say they would have said much more about her, if they had not been abashed by the unexpected coming in of Steerforth, who, seeing me in a corner speaking with two strangers, stopped in a song he was singing, and said: 'I didn't know you were here, young Copperfield!'(for it was not the usual visiting room) and crossed by us on his way out.

I am not sure whether it was in the pride of having such a friend as Steerforth, or in the desire to explain to him how I came to have such a friend as Mr. Peggotty, that I called to him as he was going away. But I said, modestly"Good Heaven, how it all comes back to me this long time afterwards"!

modestly - modestement

'Don't go, Steerforth, if you please. These are two Yarmouth boatmen"very kind, good people"who are relations of my nurse, and have come from Gravesend to see me.'

boatmen - les bateliers, passeur, batelier

'Aye, aye?'said Steerforth, returning. 'I am glad to see them. How are you both?'

Aye - oui

There was an ease in his manner"a gay and light manner it was, but not swaggering"which I still believe to have borne a kind of enchantment with it.

swaggering - en train de plastronner, (swagger) en train de plastronner

I still believe him, in virtue of this carriage, his animal spirits, his delightful voice, his handsome face and figure, and, for aught I know, of some inborn power of attraction besides (which I think a few people possess), to have carried a spell with him to which it was a natural weakness to yield, and which not many persons could withstand.

virtue - la vertu, vertu

carriage - transport, rench: t-needed r, carrosse, port, chariot

aught - rien

inborn - inné

yield - le rendement, rends, produit, rendement, rendons, rendent

withstand - résister

I could not but see how pleased they were with him, and how they seemed to open their hearts to him in a moment.

'You must let them know at home, if you please, Mr. Peggotty,'I said, 'when that letter is sent, that Mr. Steerforth is very kind to me, and that I don't know what I should ever do here without him.'

'Nonsense!'said Steerforth, laughing. 'You mustn't tell them anything of the sort.'

'And if Mr. Steerforth ever comes into Norfolk or Suffolk, Mr. Peggotty,'I said, 'while I am there, you may depend upon it I shall bring him to Yarmouth, if he will let me, to see your house. You never saw such a good house, Steerforth. It's made out of a boat!'

Norfolk - Norfolk

'Made out of a boat, is it?'said Steerforth. 'It's the right sort of a house for such a thorough-built boatman.'

boatman - passeur, batelier

'So 'tis, sir, so 'tis, sir,'said Ham, grinning. 'You're right, young gen'l'm'n! Mas'r Davy bor', gen'l'm'n's right. A thorough-built boatman! Hor, hor! That's what he is, too!'

Tis - tis, (Ti) tis

gen - gen

Mr. Peggotty was no less pleased than his nephew, though his modesty forbade him to claim a personal compliment so vociferously.

vociferously - avec véhémence

'Well, sir,'he said, bowing and chuckling, and tucking in the ends of his neckerchief at his breast: 'I thankee, sir, I thankee! I do my endeavours in my line of life, sir.'

bowing - s'incliner, (bow) s'incliner

chuckling - rires, (chuckle) rires

tucking - le repli sur soi, rempli

neckerchief - un mouchoir de poche, foulard

Thankee - merci

endeavours - des efforts, s'efforcer (de)

'The best of men can do no more, Mr. Peggotty,'said Steerforth. He had got his name already.

'I'll pound it, it's wot you do yourself, sir,'said Mr. Peggotty, shaking his head, 'and wot you do well"right well! I thankee, sir. I'm obleeged to you, sir, for your welcoming manner of me. I'm rough, sir, but I'm ready"least ways, I hope I'm ready, you unnerstand. My house ain't much for to see, sir, but it's hearty at your service if ever you should come along with Mas'r Davy to see it.

I'm ready - Je suis pret

unnerstand - comprendre

I'm a reg'lar Dodman, I am,'said Mr. Peggotty, by which he meant snail, and this was in allusion to his being slow to go, for he had attempted to go after every sentence, and had somehow or other come back again; 'but I wish you both well, and I wish you happy!'

reg - reg

lar - Lar

Dodman - dodman

snail - escargot, limaçon

Ham echoed this sentiment, and we parted with them in the heartiest manner. I was almost tempted that evening to tell Steerforth about pretty little Em'ly, but I was too timid of mentioning her name, and too much afraid of his laughing at me. I remember that I thought a good deal, and in an uneasy sort of way, about Mr.

echoed - en écho, écho

heartiest - le plus robuste, cordial, copieux

timid of - timide de

Peggotty having said that she was getting on to be a woman; but I decided that was nonsense.

We transported the shellfish, or the 'relish'as Mr. Peggotty had modestly called it, up into our room unobserved, and made a great supper that evening. But Traddles couldn't get happily out of it. He was too unfortunate even to come through a supper like anybody else.

unobserved - non observée

He was taken ill in the night"quite prostrate he was"in consequence of Crab; and after being drugged with black draughts and blue pills, to an extent which Demple (whose father was a doctor) said was enough to undermine a horse's constitution, received a caning and six chapters of Greek Testament for refusing to confess.

prostrate - prostrée, prosterner

undermine - saper

Greek - grec, grecque, grecques

Testament - testament

refusing - refusant, refuser de

The rest of the half-year is a jumble in my recollection of the daily strife and struggle of our lives; of the waning summer and the changing season; of the frosty mornings when we were rung out of bed, and the cold, cold smell of the dark nights when we were rung into bed again; of the evening schoolroom dimly lighted and indifferently warmed, and the morning schoolroom which was nothing but a great shivering-machine; of the alternation of boiled beef with roast beef, and boiled mutton with roast mutton; of clods of bread-and-butter, dog's-eared lesson-books, cracked slates, tear-blotted copy-books, canings, rulerings, hair-cuttings, rainy Sundays, suet-puddings, and a dirty atmosphere of ink, surrounding all.

jumble - pele-mele, mélanger, emmeler

strife - des conflits, dispute, querelle

waning - s'affaiblir, (wan) s'affaiblir

frosty - froid, gelé, givré, glacial

rung - s'est arreté, marche, (ring) s'est arreté

indifferently - avec indifférence

shivering - des frissons, (shiver) des frissons

alternation - l'alternance, alternance

roast - rôtir, incendier, rôti, bien-cuit

clods - des mottes, motte, cruche, andouille

blotted - éponge, tache, (ink) pâté, souillure, tacher

canings - les bastonnades, bastonnade

rulerings - les regles

cuttings - des boutures, découpage, coupure, bouture, montage

rainy - pluvieux

suet - suet, suif

I well remember though, how the distant idea of the holidays, after seeming for an immense time to be a stationary speck, began to come towards us, and to grow and grow.

stationary - stationnaire

speck - tache, petite tache

How from counting months, we came to weeks, and then to days; and how I then began to be afraid that I should not be sent for and when I learnt from Steerforth that I had been sent for, and was certainly to go home, had dim forebodings that I might break my leg first.

learnt from - Appris de

forebodings - des pressentiments, mauvais pressentiment

How the breaking-up day changed its place fast, at last, from the week after next to next week, this week, the day after tomorrow, tomorrow, today, tonight"when I was inside the Yarmouth mail, and going home.

I had many a broken sleep inside the Yarmouth mail, and many an incoherent dream of all these things. But when I awoke at intervals, the ground outside the window was not the playground of Salem House, and the sound in my ears was not the sound of Mr. Creakle giving it to Traddles, but the sound of the coachman touching up the horses.

incoherent - incohérent


When we arrived before day at the inn where the mail stopped, which was not the inn where my friend the waiter lived, I was shown up to a nice little bedroom, with DOLPHIN painted on the door.

dolphin - dauphin

Very cold I was, I know, notwithstanding the hot tea they had given me before a large fire downstairs; and very glad I was to turn into the Dolphin's bed, pull the Dolphin's blankets round my head, and go to sleep.

large fire - un grand feu

Mr. Barkis the carrier was to call for me in the morning at nine o'clock. I got up at eight, a little giddy from the shortness of my night's rest, and was ready for him before the appointed time. He received me exactly as if not five minutes had elapsed since we were last together, and I had only been into the hotel to get change for sixpence, or something of that sort.

shortness - manque de souffle, exiguité

appointed time - l'heure prévue

elapsed - s'est écoulé, passer

As soon as I and my box were in the cart, and the carrier seated, the lazy horse walked away with us all at his accustomed pace.

'You look very well, Mr. Barkis,'I said, thinking he would like to know it.

Mr. Barkis rubbed his cheek with his cuff, and then looked at his cuff as if he expected to find some of the bloom upon it; but made no other acknowledgement of the compliment.

cuff - manchette

bloom - fleurir, fleur

acknowledgement - l'accusé de réception, reconnaissance

'I gave your message, Mr. Barkis,'I said: 'I wrote to Peggotty.'

'Ah!'said Mr. Barkis.

Mr. Barkis seemed gruff, and answered drily.

gruff - bourru, acerbe

drily - drily

'Wasn't it right, Mr. Barkis?'I asked, after a little hesitation.

hesitation - hésitation

'Why, no,'said Mr. Barkis.

'Not the message?'

'The message was right enough, perhaps,'said Mr. Barkis; 'but it come to an end there.'

Not understanding what he meant, I repeated inquisitively: 'Came to an end, Mr. Barkis?'

inquisitively - avec curiosité

'Nothing come of it,'he explained, looking at me sideways. 'No answer.'

'There was an answer expected, was there, Mr. Barkis?'said I, opening my eyes. For this was a new light to me.

'When a man says he's willin','said Mr. Barkis, turning his glance slowly on me again, 'it's as much as to say, that man's a-waitin'for a answer.'

waitin - attendre

'Well, Mr. Barkis?'

'Well,'said Mr. Barkis, carrying his eyes back to his horse's ears; 'that man's been a-waitin'for a answer ever since.'

'Have you told her so, Mr. Barkis?'

'No"no,'growled Mr. Barkis, reflecting about it. 'I ain't got no call to go and tell her so. I never said six words to her myself, I ain't a-goin'to tell her so.'

growled - a grogné, feulement, grognement, borborygme, gargouillement

goin - aller

'Would you like me to do it, Mr. Barkis?'said I, doubtfully. 'You might tell her, if you would,'said Mr. Barkis, with another slow look at me, 'that Barkis was a-waitin'for a answer. Says you"what name is it?'

doubtfully - douteux, douteusement

'Her name?'

'Ah!'said Mr. Barkis, with a nod of his head.


'Chrisen name? Or nat'ral name?'said Mr. Barkis.

nat - nat

'Oh, it's not her Christian name. Her Christian name is Clara.'

'Is it though?'said Mr. Barkis.

He seemed to find an immense fund of reflection in this circumstance, and sat pondering and inwardly whistling for some time.

pondering - réfléchir, songer, interroger

inwardly - intérieurement

'Well!'he resumed at length. 'Says you, śPeggotty! Barkis is waitin'for a answer.ť Says she, perhaps, śAnswer to what?ť Says you, śTo what I told you.ť śWhat is that?ť says she. śBarkis is willin',ť says you.'

This extremely artful suggestion Mr. Barkis accompanied with a nudge of his elbow that gave me quite a stitch in my side. After that, he slouched over his horse in his usual manner; and made no other reference to the subject except, half an hour afterwards, taking a piece of chalk from his pocket, and writing up, inside the tilt of the cart, 'Clara Peggotty'"apparently as a private memorandum.

artful - artistique, artificieux

nudge - coup de pouce, petit coup de coude, petite tape amicale

stitch - point de suture, point, maille

slouched - avachi, empoté

chalk - craie, magnésie

tilt - tilisation, basculer, rendement maximum, pencher

memorandum - mémorandum

Ah, what a strange feeling it was to be going home when it was not home, and to find that every object I looked at, reminded me of the happy old home, which was like a dream I could never dream again!

The days when my mother and I and Peggotty were all in all to one another, and there was no one to come between us, rose up before me so sorrowfully on the road, that I am not sure I was glad to be there"not sure but that I would rather have remained away, and forgotten it in Steerforth's company.

But there I was; and soon I was at our house, where the bare old elm-trees wrung their many hands in the bleak wintry air, and shreds of the old rooks'-nests drifted away upon the wind.

wrung - tordus, essorer

bleak - sombre, pelée, désagréable

wintry - hivernal, hibernal

shreds - en lambeaux, lambeau

drifted - a la dérive, dérive, dériver, errer, dévier

The carrier put my box down at the garden-gate, and left me. I walked along the path towards the house, glancing at the windows, and fearing at every step to see Mr. Murdstone or Miss Murdstone lowering out of one of them. No face appeared, however; and being come to the house, and knowing how to open the door, before dark, without knocking, I went in with a quiet, timid step.

lowering - baissant, (lower) baissant

God knows how infantine the memory may have been, that was awakened within me by the sound of my mother's voice in the old parlour, when I set foot in the hall. She was singing in a low tone. I think I must have lain in her arms, and heard her singing so to me when I was but a baby.

infantine - infantine

The strain was new to me, and yet it was so old that it filled my heart brim-full; like a friend come back from a long absence.

brim - bord

I believed, from the solitary and thoughtful way in which my mother murmured her song, that she was alone. And I went softly into the room. She was sitting by the fire, suckling an infant, whose tiny hand she held against her neck. Her eyes were looking down upon its face, and she sat singing to it. I was so far right, that she had no other companion.

thoughtful - réfléchie, réfléchi, attentionné

murmured - murmuré, murmure, rumeur, souffle, murmurer

suckling - l'allaitement, allaitant, (suckle), allaiter, téter

infant - nourrisson, enfant en bas âge, poupon


I spoke to her, and she started, and cried out. But seeing me, she called me her dear Davy, her own boy! and coming half across the room to meet me, kneeled down upon the ground and kissed me, and laid my head down on her bosom near the little creature that was nestling there, and put its hand to my lips.

bosom - poitrine, sein, intime

nestling - l'oisillon, (nestle), se pelotonner, se nicher

I wish I had died. I wish I had died then, with that feeling in my heart! I should have been more fit for Heaven than I ever have been since.

'He is your brother,'said my mother, fondling me. 'Davy, my pretty boy! My poor child!'Then she kissed me more and more, and clasped me round the neck. This she was doing when Peggotty came running in, and bounced down on the ground beside us, and went mad about us both for a quarter of an hour.

fondling - les caresses, (fondle), caresser

clasped - serré, fermoir, serrer

bounced - rebondir, rebond

It seemed that I had not been expected so soon, the carrier being much before his usual time. It seemed, too, that Mr. and Miss Murdstone had gone out upon a visit in the neighbourhood, and would not return before night. I had never hoped for this. I had never thought it possible that we three could be together undisturbed, once more; and I felt, for the time, as if the old days were come back.

undisturbed - sans etre dérangé

We dined together by the fireside. Peggotty was in attendance to wait upon us, but my mother wouldn't let her do it, and made her dine with us. I had my own old plate, with a brown view of a man-of-war in full sail upon it, which Peggotty had hoarded somewhere all the time I had been away, and would not have had broken, she said, for a hundred pounds.

attendance - l'assiduité, présence

wait upon - attendre

dine - dîner

hoarded - thésaurisés, réserve

I had my own old mug with David on it, and my own old little knife and fork that wouldn't cut.

While we were at table, I thought it a favourable occasion to tell Peggotty about Mr. Barkis, who, before I had finished what I had to tell her, began to laugh, and throw her apron over her face.

'Peggotty,'said my mother. 'What's the matter?'

Peggotty only laughed the more, and held her apron tight over her face when my mother tried to pull it away, and sat as if her head were in a bag.

'What are you doing, you stupid creature?'said my mother, laughing.

'Oh, drat the man!'cried Peggotty. 'He wants to marry me.'

Drat - drat, jurer

'It would be a very good match for you; wouldn't it?'said my mother.

'Oh! I don't know,'said Peggotty. 'Don't ask me. I wouldn't have him if he was made of gold. Nor I wouldn't have anybody.'

'Then, why don't you tell him so, you ridiculous thing?'said my mother.

'Tell him so,'retorted Peggotty, looking out of her apron. 'He has never said a word to me about it. He knows better. If he was to make so bold as say a word to me, I should slap his face.'

slap - gifle, claque, gifler

Her own was as red as ever I saw it, or any other face, I think; but she only covered it again, for a few moments at a time, when she was taken with a violent fit of laughter; and after two or three of those attacks, went on with her dinner.

I remarked that my mother, though she smiled when Peggotty looked at her, became more serious and thoughtful. I had seen at first that she was changed. Her face was very pretty still, but it looked careworn, and too delicate; and her hand was so thin and white that it seemed to me to be almost transparent.

careworn - usé par le temps

But the change to which I now refer was superadded to this: it was in her manner, which became anxious and fluttered. At last she said, putting out her hand, and laying it affectionately on the hand of her old servant,

'Peggotty, dear, you are not going to be married?'

'Me, ma'am?'returned Peggotty, staring. 'Lord bless you, no!'

'Not just yet?'said my mother, tenderly.

'Never!'cried Peggotty.

My mother took her hand, and said:

'Don't leave me, Peggotty. Stay with me. It will not be for long, perhaps. What should I ever do without you!'

'Me leave you, my precious!'cried Peggotty. 'Not for all the world and his wife. Why, what's put that in your silly little head?'"For Peggotty had been used of old to talk to my mother sometimes like a child.

all the world and his wife - du monde entier et de sa femme

But my mother made no answer, except to thank her, and Peggotty went running on in her own fashion.

'Me leave you? I think I see myself. Peggotty go away from you? I should like to catch her at it! No, no, no,'said Peggotty, shaking her head, and folding her arms; 'not she, my dear. It isn't that there ain't some Cats that would be well enough pleased if she did, but they sha'n't be pleased. They shall be aggravated. I'll stay with you till I am a cross cranky old woman.

cranky - grincheux, chafouin

And when I'm too deaf, and too lame, and too blind, and too mumbly for want of teeth, to be of any use at all, even to be found fault with, than I shall go to my Davy, and ask him to take me in.'

deaf - sourd, les sourds

lame - boiteux

mumbly - mumbly

'And, Peggotty,'says I, 'I shall be glad to see you, and I'll make you as welcome as a queen.'

'Bless your dear heart!'cried Peggotty. 'I know you will!'And she kissed me beforehand, in grateful acknowledgement of my hospitality. After that, she covered her head up with her apron again and had another laugh about Mr. Barkis. After that, she took the baby out of its little cradle, and nursed it.

beforehand - a l'avance

hospitality - l'hospitalité, hospitalité, hôtellerie-restauration

cradle - berceau, bers, bercer

After that, she cleared the dinner table; after that, came in with another cap on, and her work-box, and the yard-measure, and the bit of wax-candle, all just the same as ever.

We sat round the fire, and talked delightfully. I told them what a hard master Mr. Creakle was, and they pitied me very much. I told them what a fine fellow Steerforth was, and what a patron of mine, and Peggotty said she would walk a score of miles to see him. I took the little baby in my arms when it was awake, and nursed it lovingly.

delightfully - délicieusement

patron - patron, mécene, client

awake - éveillé, (se) réveiller, (s')éveiller

When it was asleep again, I crept close to my mother's side according to my old custom, broken now a long time, and sat with my arms embracing her waist, and my little red cheek on her shoulder, and once more felt her beautiful hair drooping over me"like an angel's wing as I used to think, I recollect"and was very happy indeed.

While I sat thus, looking at the fire, and seeing pictures in the red-hot coals, I almost believed that I had never been away; that Mr. and Miss Murdstone were such pictures, and would vanish when the fire got low; and that there was nothing real in all that I remembered, save my mother, Peggotty, and I.

vanish - disparaître, s'évanouir, s'annuler

Peggotty darned away at a stocking as long as she could see, and then sat with it drawn on her left hand like a glove, and her needle in her right, ready to take another stitch whenever there was a blaze. I cannot conceive whose stockings they can have been that Peggotty was always darning, or where such an unfailing supply of stockings in want of darning can have come from.

darned - darned, (darn) darned

blaze - flamme, feu, embrasement

stockings - bas

unfailing - indéfectible

From my earliest infancy she seems to have been always employed in that class of needlework, and never by any chance in any other.

'I wonder,'said Peggotty, who was sometimes seized with a fit of wondering on some most unexpected topic, 'what's become of Davy's great-aunt?''Lor, Peggotty!'observed my mother, rousing herself from a reverie, 'What nonsense you talk!'

seized - saisi, saisir

most unexpected - le plus inattendu

What nonsense - Quelle absurdité

'Well, but I really do wonder, ma'am,'said Peggotty.

'What can have put such a person in your head?'inquired my mother. 'Is there nobody else in the world to come there?'

'I don't know how it is,'said Peggotty, 'unless it's on account of being stupid, but my head never can pick and choose its people. They come and they go, and they don't come and they don't go, just as they like. I wonder what's become of her?'

'How absurd you are, Peggotty!'returned my mother. 'One would suppose you wanted a second visit from her.'

absurd - absurde

'Lord forbid!'cried Peggotty.

'Well then, don't talk about such uncomfortable things, there's a good soul,'said my mother. 'Miss Betsey is shut up in her cottage by the sea, no doubt, and will remain there. At all events, she is not likely ever to trouble us again.'

good soul - une bonne âme

'No!'mused Peggotty. 'No, that ain't likely at all."-I wonder, if she was to die, whether she'd leave Davy anything?'

'good gracious me, Peggotty,'returned my mother, 'what a nonsensical woman you are! when you know that she took offence at the poor dear boy's ever being born at all.'

good gracious - bon dieu

nonsensical - absurde

'I suppose she wouldn't be inclined to forgive him now,'hinted Peggotty.

'Why should she be inclined to forgive him now?'said my mother, rather sharply.

'Now that he's got a brother, I mean,'said Peggotty.

My mother immediately began to cry, and wondered how Peggotty dared to say such a thing.

'As if this poor little innocent in its cradle had ever done any harm to you or anybody else, you jealous thing!'said she. 'You had much better go and marry Mr. Barkis, the carrier. Why don't you?'

'I should make Miss Murdstone happy, if I was to,'said Peggotty.

'What a bad disposition you have, Peggotty!'returned my mother. 'You are as jealous of Miss Murdstone as it is possible for a ridiculous creature to be. You want to keep the keys yourself, and give out all the things, I suppose? I shouldn't be surprised if you did. When you know that she only does it out of kindness and the best intentions! You know she does, Peggotty"you know it well.'

kindness - la gentillesse, bonté

Peggotty muttered something to the effect of 'Bother the best intentions!'and something else to the effect that there was a little too much of the best intentions going on.

muttered - marmonné, marmonner

'I know what you mean, you cross thing,'said my mother. 'I understand you, Peggotty, perfectly. You know I do, and I wonder you don't colour up like fire. But one point at a time. Miss Murdstone is the point now, Peggotty, and you sha'n't escape from it. Haven't you heard her say, over and over again, that she thinks I am too thoughtless and too"a"a"'

'Pretty,'suggested Peggotty.

'Well,'returned my mother, half laughing, 'and if she is so silly as to say so, can I be blamed for it?'

'No one says you can,'said Peggotty.

'No, I should hope not, indeed!'returned my mother.

'Haven't you heard her say, over and over again, that on this account she wished to spare me a great deal of trouble, which she thinks I am not suited for, and which I really don't know myself that I AM suited for; and isn't she up early and late, and going to and fro continually"and doesn't she do all sorts of things, and grope into all sorts of places, coal-holes and pantries and I don't know where, that can't be very agreeable"and do you mean to insinuate that there is not a sort of devotion in that?'

grope - se frotter, tâter, tâtonner, tripoter, peloter

pantries - garde-manger

'I don't insinuate at all,'said Peggotty.

'You do, Peggotty,'returned my mother. 'You never do anything else, except your work. You are always insinuating. You revel in it. And when you talk of Mr. Murdstone's good intentions"'

'I never talked of 'em,'said Peggotty.

'No, Peggotty,'returned my mother, 'but you insinuated. That's what I told you just now. That's the worst of you. You WILL insinuate. I said, at the moment, that I understood you, and you see I did. When you talk of Mr.

insinuated - insinué, insinuer

Murdstone's good intentions, and pretend to slight them (for I don't believe you really do, in your heart, Peggotty), you must be as well convinced as I am how good they are, and how they actuate him in everything.

If he seems to have been at all stern with a certain person, Peggotty"you understand, and so I am sure does Davy, that I am not alluding to anybody present"it is solely because he is satisfied that it is for a certain person's benefit. He naturally loves a certain person, on my account; and acts solely for a certain person's good.

alluding - allusion, alluder, faire allusion, suggérer

solely - uniquement, exclusivement, seulement

He is better able to judge of it than I am; for I very well know that I am a weak, light, girlish creature, and that he is a firm, grave, serious man.

And he takes,'said my mother, with the tears which were engendered in her affectionate nature, stealing down her face, 'he takes great pains with me; and I ought to be very thankful to him, and very submissive to him even in my thoughts; and when I am not, Peggotty, I worry and condemn myself, and feel doubtful of my own heart, and don't know what to do.'

condemn - condamner, déclarer coupable

Peggotty sat with her chin on the foot of the stocking, looking silently at the fire.

silently - en silence, silencieusement

'There, Peggotty,'said my mother, changing her tone, 'don't let us fall out with one another, for I couldn't bear it. You are my true friend, I know, if I have any in the world. When I call you a ridiculous creature, or a vexatious thing, or anything of that sort, Peggotty, I only mean that you are my true friend, and always have been, ever since the night when Mr.

vexatious - vexatoire

Copperfield first brought me home here, and you came out to the gate to meet me.'

Peggotty was not slow to respond, and ratify the treaty of friendship by giving me one of her best hugs. I think I had some glimpses of the real character of this conversation at the time; but I am sure, now, that the good creature originated it, and took her part in it, merely that my mother might comfort herself with the little contradictory summary in which she had indulged.

ratify - ratifier

Treaty - traité

hugs - des câlins, embrassade, étreinte, câlin, accolade, étreindre

contradictory - contradictoire

indulged - se sont-ils laissés aller, céder, succomber, dorloter, gâter

The design was efficacious; for I remember that my mother seemed more at ease during the rest of the evening, and that Peggotty observed her less.

efficacious - efficace

When we had had our tea, and the ashes were thrown up, and the candles snuffed, I read Peggotty a chapter out of the Crocodile Book, in remembrance of old times"she took it out of her pocket: I don't know whether she had kept it there ever since"and then we talked about Salem House, which brought me round again to Steerforth, who was my great subject.

snuffed - étouffé, tabac a priser

We were very happy; and that evening, as the last of its race, and destined evermore to close that volume of my life, will never pass out of my memory.

evermore - toujours

It was almost ten o'clock before we heard the sound of wheels. We all got up then; and my mother said hurriedly that, as it was so late, and Mr. and Miss Murdstone approved of early hours for young people, perhaps I had better go to bed. I kissed her, and went upstairs with my candle directly, before they came in.

It appeared to my childish fancy, as I ascended to the bedroom where I had been imprisoned, that they brought a cold blast of air into the house which blew away the old familiar feeling like a feather.

ascended - ascensionné, monter

blast - explosion, souffle

blew away - a époustouflé

I felt uncomfortable about going down to breakfast in the morning, as I had never set eyes on Mr. Murdstone since the day when I committed my memorable offence. However, as it must be done, I went down, after two or three false starts half-way, and as many runs back on tiptoe to my own room, and presented myself in the parlour.

on tiptoe - sur la pointe des pieds

He was standing before the fire with his back to it, while Miss Murdstone made the tea. He looked at me steadily as I entered, but made no sign of recognition whatever. I went up to him, after a moment of confusion, and said: 'I beg your pardon, sir. I am very sorry for what I did, and I hope you will forgive me.'

'I am glad to hear you are sorry, David,'he replied.

The hand he gave me was the hand I had bitten. I could not restrain my eye from resting for an instant on a red spot upon it; but it was not so red as I turned, when I met that sinister expression in his face.

sinister - sinistre

'How do you do, ma'am?'I said to Miss Murdstone.

'Ah, dear me!'sighed Miss Murdstone, giving me the tea-caddy scoop instead of her fingers. 'How long are the holidays?'

sighed - soupiré, soupirer

caddy - caddy, boîte a thé

Scoop - pelle, cuiller, scoop, exclusivité, écope, écoper, creuser

'A month, ma'am.'

'Counting from when?'

'From today, ma'am.'

'Oh!'said Miss Murdstone. 'Then here's one day off.'

She kept a calendar of the holidays in this way, and every morning checked a day off in exactly the same manner. She did it gloomily until she came to ten, but when she got into two figures she became more hopeful, and, as the time advanced, even jocular.

calendar - calendrier, agenda, emploi du temps, programme

more hopeful - plus d'espoir

jocular - joculaire

It was on this very first day that I had the misfortune to throw her, though she was not subject to such weakness in general, into a state of violent consternation. I came into the room where she and my mother were sitting; and the baby (who was only a few weeks old) being on my mother's lap, I took it very carefully in my arms. Suddenly Miss Murdstone gave such a scream that I all but dropped it.

consternation - consternation, sidération, accablement, prostration

lap - tour, clapoter

'My dear Jane!'cried my mother.

'Good heavens, Clara, do you see?'exclaimed Miss Murdstone.

'See what, my dear Jane?'said my mother; 'where?'

'He's got it!'cried Miss Murdstone. 'The boy has got the baby!'

She was limp with horror; but stiffened herself to make a dart at me, and take it out of my arms. Then, she turned faint; and was so very ill that they were obliged to give her cherry brandy.

stiffened - s'est raidie, raidir, endurcir, se raidir, s'endurcir

dart - dart, dard

cherry - cerise

brandy - du brandy, cognac, brandy, eau-de-vie

I was solemnly interdicted by her, on her recovery, from touching my brother any more on any pretence whatever; and my poor mother, who, I could see, wished otherwise, meekly confirmed the interdict, by saying: 'No doubt you are right, my dear Jane.'

interdicted - interdits, interdit, interdire

pretence - prétention

On another occasion, when we three were together, this same dear baby"it was truly dear to me, for our mother's sake"was the innocent occasion of Miss Murdstone's going into a passion. My mother, who had been looking at its eyes as it lay upon her lap, said:

'Davy! come here!'and looked at mine.

I saw Miss Murdstone lay her beads down.

'I declare,'said my mother, gently, 'they are exactly alike. I suppose they are mine. I think they are the colour of mine. But they are wonderfully alike.'

wonderfully - a merveille

'What are you talking about, Clara?'said Miss Murdstone.

'My dear Jane,'faltered my mother, a little abashed by the harsh tone of this inquiry, 'I find that the baby's eyes and Davy's are exactly alike.'

'Clara!'said Miss Murdstone, rising angrily, 'you are a positive fool sometimes.'

'My dear Jane,'remonstrated my mother.

'A positive fool,'said Miss Murdstone. 'Who else could compare my brother's baby with your boy? They are not at all alike. They are exactly unlike. They are utterly dissimilar in all respects. I hope they will ever remain so. I will not sit here, and hear such comparisons made.'With that she stalked out, and made the door bang after her.

utterly - tout a fait

dissimilar - dissemblables, dissemblable, différent

stalked - traqué, tige

bang - bang, détonation

In short, I was not a favourite with Miss Murdstone. In short, I was not a favourite there with anybody, not even with myself; for those who did like me could not show it, and those who did not, showed it so plainly that I had a sensitive consciousness of always appearing constrained, boorish, and dull.

constrained - contraint, astreindre, contraindre, confiner

boorish - rustre, grossier

I felt that I made them as uncomfortable as they made me. If I came into the room where they were, and they were talking together and my mother seemed cheerful, an anxious cloud would steal over her face from the moment of my entrance. If Mr. Murdstone were in his best humour, I checked him. If Miss Murdstone were in her worst, I intensified it.

intensified - intensifiée, intensifier, s'intensifier

I had perception enough to know that my mother was the victim always; that she was afraid to speak to me or to be kind to me, lest she should give them some offence by her manner of doing so, and receive a lecture afterwards; that she was not only ceaselessly afraid of her own offending, but of my offending, and uneasily watched their looks if I only moved.

ceaselessly - sans cesse

uneasily - mal a l'aise

Therefore I resolved to keep myself as much out of their way as I could; and many a wintry hour did I hear the church clock strike, when I was sitting in my cheerless bedroom, wrapped in my little great-coat, poring over a book.

church clock - L'horloge de l'église

cheerless - sans joie

poring - poring, pore

In the evening, sometimes, I went and sat with Peggotty in the kitchen. There I was comfortable, and not afraid of being myself. But neither of these resources was approved of in the parlour. The tormenting humour which was dominant there stopped them both. I was still held to be necessary to my poor mother's training, and, as one of her trials, could not be suffered to absent myself.

tormenting - tourmenter, (torment), tourment

'David,'said Mr. Murdstone, one day after dinner when I was going to leave the room as usual; 'I am sorry to observe that you are of a sullen disposition.'

'As sulky as a bear!'said Miss Murdstone.

sulky - boudeur, boudeuse

I stood still, and hung my head.

'Now, David,'said Mr. Murdstone, 'a sullen obdurate disposition is, of all tempers, the worst.'

obdurate - obstiné, opiniâtre, tetu, dur comme un roc

tempers - des tempéraments, caractere, tempérament, humeur, état d'esprit

'And the boy's is, of all such dispositions that ever I have seen,'remarked his sister, 'the most confirmed and stubborn. I think, my dear Clara, even you must observe it?'

dispositions - dispositions, disposition, tempérament

stubborn - tetu, tetu, enteté, borné

'I beg your pardon, my dear Jane,'said my mother, 'but are you quite sure"I am certain you'll excuse me, my dear Jane"that you understand Davy?'

'I should be somewhat ashamed of myself, Clara,'returned Miss Murdstone, 'if I could not understand the boy, or any boy. I don't profess to be profound; but I do lay claim to common sense.'

'No doubt, my dear Jane,'returned my mother, 'your understanding is very vigorous"'

'Oh dear, no! Pray don't say that, Clara,'interposed Miss Murdstone, angrily.

'But I am sure it is,'resumed my mother; 'and everybody knows it is. I profit so much by it myself, in many ways"at least I ought to"that no one can be more convinced of it than myself; and therefore I speak with great diffidence, my dear Jane, I assure you.'

'We'll say I don't understand the boy, Clara,'returned Miss Murdstone, arranging the little fetters on her wrists. 'We'll agree, if you please, that I don't understand him at all. He is much too deep for me. But perhaps my brother's penetration may enable him to have some insight into his character. And I believe my brother was speaking on the subject when we"not very decently"interrupted him.'

I don't understand - Je ne comprends pas

penetration - pénétration

decently - convenablement

'I think, Clara,'said Mr. Murdstone, in a low grave voice, 'that there may be better and more dispassionate judges of such a question than you.'

dispassionate - dépassionné

'Edward,'replied my mother, timidly, 'you are a far better judge of all questions than I pretend to be. Both you and Jane are. I only said"'

'You only said something weak and inconsiderate,'he replied. 'Try not to do it again, my dear Clara, and keep a watch upon yourself.'

inconsiderate - inconsidéré

My mother's lips moved, as if she answered 'Yes, my dear Edward,'but she said nothing aloud.

'I was sorry, David, I remarked,'said Mr. Murdstone, turning his head and his eyes stiffly towards me, 'to observe that you are of a sullen disposition. This is not a character that I can suffer to develop itself beneath my eyes without an effort at improvement. You must endeavour, sir, to change it. We must endeavour to change it for you.'

stiffly - avec raideur, rigidement

'I beg your pardon, sir,'I faltered. 'I have never meant to be sullen since I came back.'

'Don't take refuge in a lie, sir!'he returned so fiercely, that I saw my mother involuntarily put out her trembling hand as if to interpose between us. 'You have withdrawn yourself in your sullenness to your own room. You have kept your own room when you ought to have been here. You know now, once for all, that I require you to be here, and not there.

refuge - refuge

involuntarily - involontairement

Further, that I require you to bring obedience here. You know me, David. I will have it done.'

obedience - l'obéissance, obéissance

Miss Murdstone gave a hoarse chuckle.

chuckle - glousser

'I will have a respectful, prompt, and ready bearing towards myself,'he continued, 'and towards Jane Murdstone, and towards your mother. I will not have this room shunned as if it were infected, at the pleasure of a child. Sit down.'

shunned - évité, éviter, rejeter, fuir, esquiver

infected - infecté, infecter

He ordered me like a dog, and I obeyed like a dog.

'One thing more,'he said. 'I observe that you have an attachment to low and common company. You are not to associate with servants. The kitchen will not improve you, in the many respects in which you need improvement.

Of the woman who abets you, I say nothing"since you, Clara,'addressing my mother in a lower voice, 'from old associations and long-established fancies, have a weakness respecting her which is not yet overcome.'

abets - abets, encourager

'A most unaccountable delusion it is!'cried Miss Murdstone.

'I only say,'he resumed, addressing me, 'that I disapprove of your preferring such company as Mistress Peggotty, and that it is to be abandoned. Now, David, you understand me, and you know what will be the consequence if you fail to obey me to the letter.'

disapprove - désapprouver

I knew well"better perhaps than he thought, as far as my poor mother was concerned"and I obeyed him to the letter. I retreated to my own room no more; I took refuge with Peggotty no more; but sat wearily in the parlour day after day, looking forward to night, and bedtime.

wearily - avec lassitude

What irksome constraint I underwent, sitting in the same attitude hours upon hours, afraid to move an arm or a leg lest Miss Murdstone should complain (as she did on the least pretence) of my restlessness, and afraid to move an eye lest she should light on some look of dislike or scrutiny that would find new cause for complaint in mine!

irksome - genante

restlessness - l'agitation, agitation, impatience

What intolerable dulness to sit listening to the ticking of the clock; and watching Miss Murdstone's little shiny steel beads as she strung them; and wondering whether she would ever be married, and if so, to what sort of unhappy man; and counting the divisions in the moulding of the chimney-piece; and wandering away, with my eyes, to the ceiling, among the curls and corkscrews in the paper on the wall!

intolerable - intolérable

dulness - l'ennui

ticking - tic-tac, (tic), tic

moulding - moulage, (mould) moulage

corkscrews - tire-bouchons, tire-bouchon

What walks I took alone, down muddy lanes, in the bad winter weather, carrying that parlour, and Mr. and Miss Murdstone in it, everywhere: a monstrous load that I was obliged to bear, a daymare that there was no possibility of breaking in, a weight that brooded on my wits, and blunted them!

Muddy - morne

monstrous - monstrueux

daymare - un cauchemar

brooded - couvé, couvée, couver, protéger

wits - l'esprit, esprit

blunted - émoussé

What meals I had in silence and embarrassment, always feeling that there were a knife and fork too many, and that mine; an appetite too many, and that mine; a plate and chair too many, and those mine; a somebody too many, and that I!

What evenings, when the candles came, and I was expected to employ myself, but, not daring to read an entertaining book, pored over some hard-headed, harder-hearted treatise on arithmetic; when the tables of weights and measures set themselves to tunes, as 'Rule Britannia', or 'Away with Melancholy'; when they wouldn't stand still to be learnt, but would go threading my grandmother's needle through my unfortunate head, in at one ear and out at the other! What yawns and dozes I lapsed into, in spite of all my care; what starts I came out of concealed sleeps with; what answers I never got, to little observations that I rarely made; what a blank space I seemed, which everybody overlooked, and yet was in everybody's way; what a heavy relief it was to hear Miss Murdstone hail the first stroke of nine at night, and order me to bed!

pored - pored, pore

treatise - traité

Britannia - britannia

threading - le filetage, fil, processus léger, exétron

yawns - bâillements, bâiller, béer, bâillement

dozes - dozes, sommeiller

lapsed - caduque, erreur, faute

concealed - dissimulée, dissimuler, cacher

overlooked - négligé, vue, panorama, surplomber, négliger, louper

hail - grele

Thus the holidays lagged away, until the morning came when Miss Murdstone said: 'Here's the last day off!'and gave me the closing cup of tea of the vacation.

lagged - décalé, rester en arriere, etre en retard

I was not sorry to go. I had lapsed into a stupid state; but I was recovering a little and looking forward to Steerforth, albeit Mr. Creakle loomed behind him. Again Mr. Barkis appeared at the gate, and again Miss Murdstone in her warning voice, said: 'Clara!'when my mother bent over me, to bid me farewell.

albeit - quoique

loomed - a été tissé, métier a tisser

Farewell - adieu, prendre congé, dire adieu, faire ses adieux

I kissed her, and my baby brother, and was very sorry then; but not sorry to go away, for the gulf between us was there, and the parting was there, every day. And it is not so much the embrace she gave me, that lives in my mind, though it was as fervent as could be, as what followed the embrace.

Gulf - golfe

fervent - fervent

I was in the carrier's cart when I heard her calling to me. I looked out, and she stood at the garden-gate alone, holding her baby up in her arms for me to see. It was cold still weather; and not a hair of her head, nor a fold of her dress, was stirred, as she looked intently at me, holding up her child.

intently - attentivement

So I lost her. So I saw her afterwards, in my sleep at school"a silent presence near my bed"looking at me with the same intent face"holding up her baby in her arms.


I PASS over all that happened at school, until the anniversary of my birthday came round in March. Except that Steerforth was more to be admired than ever, I remember nothing. He was going away at the end of the half-year, if not sooner, and was more spirited and independent than before in my eyes, and therefore more engaging than before; but beyond this I remember nothing.

more spirited - plus fougueux

The great remembrance by which that time is marked in my mind, seems to have swallowed up all lesser recollections, and to exist alone.

It is even difficult for me to believe that there was a gap of full two months between my return to Salem House and the arrival of that birthday. I can only understand that the fact was so, because I know it must have been so; otherwise I should feel convinced that there was no interval, and that the one occasion trod upon the other's heels.

How well I recollect the kind of day it was!

I smell the fog that hung about the place; I see the hoar frost, ghostly, through it; I feel my rimy hair fall clammy on my cheek; I look along the dim perspective of the schoolroom, with a sputtering candle here and there to light up the foggy morning, and the breath of the boys wreathing and smoking in the raw cold as they blow upon their fingers, and tap their feet upon the floor.

hung about - traîner

hoar - le chaume, blanc-gris

frost - givre, gel

ghostly - fantomatique

rimy - rimy

clammy - moite

sputtering - des crachotements, (sputter), postillonner, pulvériser, revetir

foggy - brumeux, embrumé, engourdi

wreathing - l'enroulement, couronne, guirlande, tortil

It was after breakfast, and we had been summoned in from the playground, when Mr. Sharp entered and said:

summoned - convoqué, convoquer

'David Copperfield is to go into the parlour.'

I expected a hamper from Peggotty, and brightened at the order. Some of the boys about me put in their claim not to be forgotten in the distribution of the good things, as I got out of my seat with great alacrity.

hamper - panier, entraver

alacrity - alacrité, empressement, rapidité

'Don't hurry, David,'said Mr. Sharp. 'There's time enough, my boy, don't hurry.'

I might have been surprised by the feeling tone in which he spoke, if I had given it a thought; but I gave it none until afterwards. I hurried away to the parlour; and there I found Mr. Creakle, sitting at his breakfast with the cane and a newspaper before him, and Mrs. Creakle with an opened letter in her hand. But no hamper.

'David Copperfield,'said Mrs. Creakle, leading me to a sofa, and sitting down beside me. 'I want to speak to you very particularly. I have something to tell you, my child.'

Mr. Creakle, at whom of course I looked, shook his head without looking at me, and stopped up a sigh with a very large piece of buttered toast.

stopped up - arreté

buttered - beurré, beurre

'You are too young to know how the world changes every day,'said Mrs. Creakle, 'and how the people in it pass away. But we all have to learn it, David; some of us when we are young, some of us when we are old, some of us at all times of our lives.'

pass away - passer

I looked at her earnestly.

'When you came away from home at the end of the vacation,'said Mrs. Creakle, after a pause, 'were they all well?'After another pause, 'Was your mama well?'

I trembled without distinctly knowing why, and still looked at her earnestly, making no attempt to answer.

distinctly - distinctement

'Because,'said she, 'I grieve to tell you that I hear this morning your mama is very ill.'

grieve - faire son deuil, chagriner, affliger, affligeons, affligent

A mist rose between Mrs. Creakle and me, and her figure seemed to move in it for an instant. Then I felt the burning tears run down my face, and it was steady again.

'She is very dangerously ill,'she added.

dangerously - dangereusement

I knew all now.

'She is dead.'

There was no need to tell me so. I had already broken out into a desolate cry, and felt an orphan in the wide world.

She was very kind to me. She kept me there all day, and left me alone sometimes; and I cried, and wore myself to sleep, and awoke and cried again. When I could cry no more, I began to think; and then the oppression on my breast was heaviest, and my grief a dull pain that there was no ease for.

grief - le chagrin, douleur, peine

And yet my thoughts were idle; not intent on the calamity that weighed upon my heart, but idly loitering near it. I thought of our house shut up and hushed. I thought of the little baby, who, Mrs. Creakle said, had been pining away for some time, and who, they believed, would die too.

idle - au ralenti, fainéant

calamity - calamité

loitering - le vagabondage, flanage, fait de rôder, (loiter), flâner

I thought of my father's grave in the churchyard, by our house, and of my mother lying there beneath the tree I knew so well. I stood upon a chair when I was left alone, and looked into the glass to see how red my eyes were, and how sorrowful my face.

sorrowful - chagrin

I considered, after some hours were gone, if my tears were really hard to flow now, as they seemed to be, what, in connexion with my loss, it would affect me most to think of when I drew near home"for I was going home to the funeral. I am sensible of having felt that a dignity attached to me among the rest of the boys, and that I was important in my affliction.

If ever child were stricken with sincere grief, I was. But I remember that this importance was a kind of satisfaction to me, when I walked in the playground that afternoon while the boys were in school. When I saw them glancing at me out of the windows, as they went up to their classes, I felt distinguished, and looked more melancholy, and walked slower.

When school was over, and they came out and spoke to me, I felt it rather good in myself not to be proud to any of them, and to take exactly the same notice of them all, as before.

I was to go home next night; not by the mail, but by the heavy night-coach, which was called the Farmer, and was principally used by country-people travelling short intermediate distances upon the road. We had no story-telling that evening, and Traddles insisted on lending me his pillow.

principally - principalement

intermediate - intermédiaire, concilier

I don't know what good he thought it would do me, for I had one of my own: but it was all he had to lend, poor fellow, except a sheet of letter-paper full of skeletons; and that he gave me at parting, as a soother of my sorrows and a contribution to my peace of mind.

soother - sucette, (sooth) sucette

I left Salem House upon the morrow afternoon. I little thought then that I left it, never to return. We travelled very slowly all night, and did not get into Yarmouth before nine or ten o'clock in the morning. I looked out for Mr.

morrow - lendemain, matin

Barkis, but he was not there; and instead of him a fat, short-winded, merry-looking, little old man in black, with rusty little bunches of ribbons at the knees of his breeches, black stockings, and a broad-brimmed hat, came puffing up to the coach window, and said:

winded - essoufflé

ribbons - rubans, ruban

puffing - souffler, (puff) souffler

'Master Copperfield?'

'Yes, sir.'

'Will you come with me, young sir, if you please,'he said, opening the door, 'and I shall have the pleasure of taking you home.'

I put my hand in his, wondering who he was, and we walked away to a shop in a narrow street, on which was written OMER, DRAPER, TAILOR, HABERDASHER, FUNERAL FURNISHER, &c. It was a close and stifling little shop; full of all sorts of clothing, made and unmade, including one window full of beaver-hats and bonnets.

haberdasher - mercerie, mercier

Furnisher - meubleur

stifling - étouffant, (stifle)

beaver - castor

bonnets - bonnets, bonnet, qualifier

We went into a little back-parlour behind the shop, where we found three young women at work on a quantity of black materials, which were heaped upon the table, and little bits and cuttings of which were littered all over the floor. There was a good fire in the room, and a breathless smell of warm black crape"I did not know what the smell was then, but I know now.

heaped - en tas, tas, pile, monceau

The three young women, who appeared to be very industrious and comfortable, raised their heads to look at me, and then went on with their work. Stitch, stitch, stitch. At the same time there came from a workshop across a little yard outside the window, a regular sound of hammering that kept a kind of tune: RAT"tat-tat, RAT"tat-tat, RAT"tat-tat, without any variation.

industrious - industrieux

hammering - martelage, martelant, (hammer), marteau, chien

tat - tat

'Well,'said my conductor to one of the three young women. 'How do you get on, Minnie?'

Minnie - minnie

'We shall be ready by the trying-on time,'she replied gaily, without looking up. 'Don't you be afraid, father.'

gaily - gaiement

Mr. Omer took off his broad-brimmed hat, and sat down and panted. He was so fat that he was obliged to pant some time before he could say:

panted - paniqué, haleter

'That's right.'

'Father!'said Minnie, playfully. 'What a porpoise you do grow!'

porpoise - marsouin

'Well, I don't know how it is, my dear,'he replied, considering about it. 'I am rather so.'

'You are such a comfortable man, you see,'said Minnie. 'You take things so easy.'

'No use taking 'em otherwise, my dear,'said Mr. Omer.

'No, indeed,'returned his daughter. 'We are all pretty gay here, thank Heaven! Ain't we, father?'

'I hope so, my dear,'said Mr. Omer. 'As I have got my breath now, I think I'll measure this young scholar. Would you walk into the shop, Master Copperfield?'

I preceded Mr. Omer, in compliance with his request; and after showing me a roll of cloth which he said was extra super, and too good mourning for anything short of parents, he took my various dimensions, and put them down in a book.

dimensions - dimensions, dimension

While he was recording them he called my attention to his stock in trade, and to certain fashions which he said had 'just come up', and to certain other fashions which he said had 'just gone out'.

'And by that sort of thing we very often lose a little mint of money,'said Mr. Omer. 'But fashions are like human beings. They come in, nobody knows when, why, or how; and they go out, nobody knows when, why, or how. Everything is like life, in my opinion, if you look at it in that point of view.'

mint - menthe

I was too sorrowful to discuss the question, which would possibly have been beyond me under any circumstances; and Mr. Omer took me back into the parlour, breathing with some difficulty on the way.

He then called down a little break-neck range of steps behind a door: 'Bring up that tea and bread-and-butter!'which, after some time, during which I sat looking about me and thinking, and listening to the stitching in the room and the tune that was being hammered across the yard, appeared on a tray, and turned out to be for me.

stitching - couture, (stitch) couture

hammered - martelée, marteau, chien, malléus, t+marteau, marteler

'I have been acquainted with you,'said Mr. Omer, after watching me for some minutes, during which I had not made much impression on the breakfast, for the black things destroyed my appetite, 'I have been acquainted with you a long time, my young friend.'

'Have you, sir?'

'All your life,'said Mr. Omer. 'I may say before it. I knew your father before you. He was five foot nine and a half, and he lays in five-and-twen-ty foot of ground.'

'RAT"tat-tat, RAT"tat-tat, RAT"tat-tat,'across the yard.

'He lays in five and twen-ty foot of ground, if he lays in a fraction,'said Mr. Omer, pleasantly. 'It was either his request or her direction, I forget which.'

pleasantly - agréablement

'Do you know how my little brother is, sir?'I inquired.

Mr. Omer shook his head.

'RAT"tat-tat, RAT"tat-tat, RAT"tat-tat.'

'He is in his mother's arms,'said he.

'Oh, poor little fellow! Is he dead?'

'Don't mind it more than you can help,'said Mr. Omer. 'Yes. The baby's dead.'

My wounds broke out afresh at this intelligence. I left the scarcely-tasted breakfast, and went and rested my head on another table, in a corner of the little room, which Minnie hastily cleared, lest I should spot the mourning that was lying there with my tears.

hastily - hâtivement, précipitamment, a la hâte

She was a pretty, good-natured girl, and put my hair away from my eyes with a soft, kind touch; but she was very cheerful at having nearly finished her work and being in good time, and was so different from me!

Presently the tune left off, and a good-looking young fellow came across the yard into the room. He had a hammer in his hand, and his mouth was full of little nails, which he was obliged to take out before he could speak.

hammer - marteau, chien, malléus, marteler, (ham)

'Well, Joram!'said Mr. Omer. 'How do you get on?'

'All right,'said Joram. 'Done, sir.'

Minnie coloured a little, and the other two girls smiled at one another.

'What! you were at it by candle-light last night, when I was at the club, then? Were you?'said Mr. Omer, shutting up one eye.

'Yes,'said Joram. 'As you said we could make a little trip of it, and go over together, if it was done, Minnie and me"and you.'

'Oh! I thought you were going to leave me out altogether,'said Mr. Omer, laughing till he coughed.

coughed - a toussé, tousser, toux

'"As you was so good as to say that,'resumed the young man, 'why I turned to with a will, you see. Will you give me your opinion of it?'

'I will,'said Mr. Omer, rising. 'My dear'; and he stopped and turned to me: 'would you like to see your"'

'No, father,'Minnie interposed.

'I thought it might be agreeable, my dear,'said Mr. Omer. 'But perhaps you're right.'

I can't say how I knew it was my dear, dear mother's coffin that they went to look at. I had never heard one making; I had never seen one that I know of."but it came into my mind what the noise was, while it was going on; and when the young man entered, I am sure I knew what he had been doing.

coffin - cercueil

The work being now finished, the two girls, whose names I had not heard, brushed the shreds and threads from their dresses, and went into the shop to put that to rights, and wait for customers. Minnie stayed behind to fold up what they had made, and pack it in two baskets. This she did upon her knees, humming a lively little tune the while.

threads - fils, fil, processus léger, exétron

fold up - se replier

humming - fredonner, (hum), bourdonner, fourmiller

Joram, who I had no doubt was her lover, came in and stole a kiss from her while she was busy (he didn't appear to mind me, at all), and said her father was gone for the chaise, and he must Make haste and get himself ready.

lover - amante, amant, maîtresse

Make haste - Se hâter

Then he went out again; and then she put her thimble and scissors in her pocket, and stuck a needle threaded with black thread neatly in the bosom of her gown, and put on her outer clothing smartly, at a little glass behind the door, in which I saw the reflection of her pleased face.

scissors - ciseaux, ciseau, couper aux ciseaux

threaded - fileté, fil, processus léger, exétron

outer clothing - des vetements d'extérieurs

smartly - roublard

All this I observed, sitting at the table in the corner with my head leaning on my hand, and my thoughts running on very different things. The chaise soon came round to the front of the shop, and the baskets being put in first, I was put in next, and those three followed.

I remember it as a kind of half chaise-cart, half pianoforte-van, painted of a sombre colour, and drawn by a black horse with a long tail. There was plenty of room for us all.

pianoforte - pianoforte, piano

sombre - sombre

black horse - cheval noir

I do not think I have ever experienced so strange a feeling in my life (I am wiser now, perhaps) as that of being with them, remembering how they had been employed, and seeing them enjoy the ride. I was not angry with them; I was more afraid of them, as if I were cast away among creatures with whom I had no community of nature. They were very cheerful.

The old man sat in front to drive, and the two young people sat behind him, and whenever he spoke to them leaned forward, the one on one side of his chubby face and the other on the other, and made a great deal of him.

They would have talked to me too, but I held back, and moped in my corner; scared by their love-making and hilarity, though it was far from boisterous, and almost wondering that no judgement came upon them for their hardness of heart.

moped - cyclomoteur, mobylette, (mop), serpilliere

hilarity - l'hilarité, hilarité

So, when they stopped to bait the horse, and ate and drank and enjoyed themselves, I could touch nothing that they touched, but kept my fast unbroken. So, when we reached home, I dropped out of the chaise behind, as quickly as possible, that I might not be in their company before those solemn windows, looking blindly on me like closed eyes once bright.

bait - appât, eche, leurre, eche

unbroken - ininterrompue

blindly - aveuglément, a l’aveuglette

And oh, how little need I had had to think what would move me to tears when I came back"seeing the window of my mother's room, and next it that which, in the better time, was mine!

I was in Peggotty's arms before I got to the door, and she took me into the house. Her grief burst out when she first saw me; but she controlled it soon, and spoke in whispers, and walked softly, as if the dead could be disturbed. She had not been in bed, I found, for a long time. She sat up at night still, and watched.

As long as her poor dear pretty was above the ground, she said, she would never desert her.

Mr. Murdstone took no heed of me when I went into the parlour where he was, but sat by the fireside, weeping silently, and pondering in his elbow-chair. Miss Murdstone, who was busy at her writing-desk, which was covered with letters and papers, gave me her cold finger-nails, and asked me, in an iron whisper, if I had been measured for my mourning.

heed - attention, observer, surveiller, preter attention

weeping - pleurant, (weep) pleurant

finger-nails - (finger-nails) ongles des doigts

I said: 'Yes.'

'And your shirts,'said Miss Murdstone; 'have you brought 'em home?'

'Yes, ma'am. I have brought home all my clothes.'

This was all the consolation that her firmness administered to me. I do not doubt that she had a choice pleasure in exhibiting what she called her self-command, and her firmness, and her strength of mind, and her common sense, and the whole diabolical catalogue of her unamiable qualities, on such an occasion.

diabolical - diabolique

catalogue - catalogue, inventaire, cataloguer, inventorier

unamiable - inamissible

She was particularly proud of her turn for business; and she showed it now in reducing everything to pen and ink, and being moved by nothing.

All the rest of that day, and from morning to night afterwards, she sat at that desk, scratching composedly with a hard pen, speaking in the same imperturbable whisper to everybody; never relaxing a muscle of her face, or softening a tone of her voice, or appearing with an atom of her dress astray.

composedly - calmement

imperturbable - imperturbable

whisper to - chuchoter

softening - l'adoucissement, adoucissant, amollissant

atom - atome

Her brother took a book sometimes, but never read it that I saw. He would open it and look at it as if he were reading, but would remain for a whole hour without turning the leaf, and then put it down and walk to and fro in the room. I used to sit with folded hands watching him, and counting his footsteps, hour after hour. He very seldom spoke to her, and never to me.

He seemed to be the only restless thing, except the clocks, in the whole motionless house.

In these days before the funeral, I saw but little of Peggotty, except that, in passing up or down stairs, I always found her close to the room where my mother and her baby lay, and except that she came to me every night, and sat by my bed's head while I went to sleep.

A day or two before the burial"I think it was a day or two before, but I am conscious of confusion in my mind about that heavy time, with nothing to mark its progress"she took me into the room.

burial - l'enterrement, enterrement, inhumation, sépulture

I only recollect that underneath some white covering on the bed, with a beautiful cleanliness and freshness all around it, there seemed to me to lie embodied the solemn stillness that was in the house; and that when she would have turned the cover gently back, I cried: 'Oh no! oh no!'and held her hand.

cleanliness - la propreté, propreté

embodied - incarnée, incarner, personnifier, représenter

If the funeral had been yesterday, I could not recollect it better. The very air of the best parlour, when I went in at the door, the bright condition of the fire, the shining of the wine in the decanters, the patterns of the glasses and plates, the faint sweet smell of cake, the odour of Miss Murdstone's dress, and our black clothes. Mr. Chillip is in the room, and comes to speak to me.

decanters - des carafes, décanteur

odour - odeur

'And how is Master David?'he says, kindly.

I cannot tell him very well. I give him my hand, which he holds in his.

'Dear me!'says Mr. Chillip, meekly smiling, with something shining in his eye. 'Our little friends grow up around us. They grow out of our knowledge, ma'am?'This is to Miss Murdstone, who makes no reply.

'There is a great improvement here, ma'am?'says Mr. Chillip.

Miss Murdstone merely answers with a frown and a formal bend: Mr. Chillip, discomfited, goes into a corner, keeping me with him, and opens his mouth no more.

I remark this, because I remark everything that happens, not because I care about myself, or have done since I came home. And now the bell begins to sound, and Mr. Omer and another come to make us ready. As Peggotty was wont to tell me, long ago, the followers of my father to the same grave were made ready in the same room.

wont - de la volonté

followers - des adeptes, disciple, follower, poursuivant, fr

There are Mr. Murdstone, our neighbour Mr. Grayper, Mr. Chillip, and I. When we go out to the door, the Bearers and their load are in the garden; and they move before us down the path, and past the elms, and through the gate, and into the churchyard, where I have so often heard the birds sing on a summer morning.

bearers - porteurs, porteur, porteuse

We stand around the grave. The day seems different to me from every other day, and the light not of the same colour"of a sadder colour.

Now there is a solemn hush, which we have brought from home with what is resting in the mould; and while we stand bareheaded, I hear the voice of the clergyman, sounding remote in the open air, and yet distinct and plain, saying: 'I am the Resurrection and the Life, saith the Lord!

Hush - chut !, silence

bareheaded - tete nue

resurrection - résurrection

'Then I hear sobs; and, standing apart among the lookers-on, I see that good and faithful servant, whom of all the people upon earth I love the best, and unto whom my childish heart is certain that the Lord will one day say: 'Well done.'

lookers - les curieux, canon

faithful - fidele, fidele, loyal

unto - unto

There are many faces that I know, among the little crowd; faces that I knew in church, when mine was always wondering there; faces that first saw my mother, when she came to the village in her youthful bloom.

I do not mind them"I mind nothing but my grief"and yet I see and know them all; and even in the background, far away, see Minnie looking on, and her eye glancing on her sweetheart, who is near me.

It is over, and the earth is filled in, and we turn to come away. Before us stands our house, so pretty and unchanged, so linked in my mind with the young idea of what is gone, that all my sorrow has been nothing to the sorrow it calls forth. But they take me on; and Mr.

unchanged - inchangée

my sorrow - mon chagrin

Chillip talks to me; and when we get home, puts some water to my lips; and when I ask his leave to go up to my room, dismisses me with the gentleness of a woman.

All this, I say, is yesterday's event. Events of later date have floated from me to the shore where all forgotten things will reappear, but this stands like a high rock in the ocean.

reappear - reparaître, réapparaître

I knew that Peggotty would come to me in my room. The Sabbath stillness of the time (the day was so like Sunday! I have forgotten that) was suited to us both.

Sabbath - le sabbat, sabbat, shabbat, chabbat, dimanche, esba

She sat down by my side upon my little bed; and holding my hand, and sometimes putting it to her lips, and sometimes smoothing it with hers, as she might have comforted my little brother, told me, in her way, all that she had to tell concerning what had happened.

'She was never well,'said Peggotty, 'for a long time. She was uncertain in her mind, and not happy. When her baby was born, I thought at first she would get better, but she was more delicate, and sunk a little every day.

more delicate - plus délicate

She used to like to sit alone before her baby came, and then she cried; but afterwards she used to sing to it"so soft, that I once thought, when I heard her, it was like a voice up in the air, that was rising away.

'I think she got to be more timid, and more frightened-like, of late; and that a hard word was like a blow to her. But she was always the same to me. She never changed to her foolish Peggotty, didn't my sweet girl.'

more timid - plus timide

sweet girl - une fille douce

Here Peggotty stopped, and softly beat upon my hand a little while.

'The last time that I saw her like her own old self, was the night when you came home, my dear. The day you went away, she said to me, śI never shall see my pretty darling again. Something tells me so, that tells the truth, I know.ť

'She tried to hold up after that; and many a time, when they told her she was thoughtless and light-hearted, made believe to be so; but it was all a bygone then. She never told her husband what she had told me"she was afraid of saying it to anybody else"till one night, a little more than a week before it happened, when she said to him: śMy dear, I think I am dying

light-hearted - (light-hearted) le cour léger

bygone - révolu, d'autrefois, passé, évenement passé

dying - teignant, mourant, (dye) teignant

'śIt's off my mind now, Peggotty,ť she told me, when I laid her in her bed that night. śHe will believe it more and more, poor fellow, every day for a few days to come; and then it will be past. I am very tired. If this is sleep, sit by me while I sleep: don't leave me. God bless both my children! God protect and keep my fatherless boy!ť

'I never left her afterwards,'said Peggotty. 'She often talked to them two downstairs"for she loved them; she couldn't bear not to love anyone who was about her"but when they went away from her bed-side, she always turned to me, as if there was rest where Peggotty was, and never fell asleep in any other way.

'On the last night, in the evening, she kissed me, and said: śIf my baby should die too, Peggotty, please let them lay him in my arms, and bury us together.ť (It was done; for the poor lamb lived but a day beyond her.) śLet my dearest boy go with us to our resting-place,ť she said, śand tell him that his mother, when she lay here, blessed him not once, but a thousand times.ť'

lamb - agneau, agnelle, mettre bas

Another silence followed this, and another gentle beating on my hand.

'It was pretty far in the night,'said Peggotty, 'when she asked me for some drink; and when she had taken it, gave me such a patient smile, the dear!"so beautiful!

'Daybreak had come, and the sun was rising, when she said to me, how kind and considerate Mr. Copperfield had always been to her, and how he had borne with her, and told her, when she doubted herself, that a loving heart was better and stronger than wisdom, and that he was a happy man in hers. śPeggotty, my dear,ť she said then, śput me nearer to you,ť for she was very weak.

daybreak - l'aube, point du jour

śLay your good arm underneath my neck,ť she said, śand turn me to you, for your face is going far off, and I want it to be near.ť I put it as she asked; and oh Davy! the time had come when my first parting words to you were true"when she was glad to lay her poor head on her stupid cross old Peggotty's arm"and she died like a child that had gone to sleep!'

Thus ended Peggotty's narration. From the moment of my knowing of the death of my mother, the idea of her as she had been of late had vanished from me. I remembered her, from that instant, only as the young mother of my earliest impressions, who had been used to wind her bright curls round and round her finger, and to dance with me at twilight in the parlour.

narration - narration

What Peggotty had told me now, was so far from bringing me back to the later period, that it rooted the earlier image in my mind. It may be curious, but it is true. In her death she winged her way back to her calm untroubled youth, and cancelled all the rest.

untroubled - sans probleme

The mother who lay in the grave, was the mother of my infancy; the little creature in her arms, was myself, as I had once been, hushed for ever on her bosom.


neglected - négligé, négliger, négligence

The first act of business Miss Murdstone performed when the day of the solemnity was over, and light was freely admitted into the house, was to give Peggotty a month's warning. Much as Peggotty would have disliked such a service, I believe she would have retained it, for my sake, in preference to the best upon earth.

She told me we must part, and told me why; and we condoled with one another, in all sincerity.

sincerity - la sincérité, sincérité

As to me or my future, not a word was said, or a step taken. Happy they would have been, I dare say, if they could have dismissed me at a month's warning too. I mustered courage once, to ask Miss Murdstone when I was going back to school; and she answered dryly, she believed I was not going back at all. I was told nothing more.

mustered - rassemblés, rassembler

I was very anxious to know what was going to be done with me, and so was Peggotty; but neither she nor I could pick up any information on the subject.

There was one change in my condition, which, while it relieved me of a great deal of present uneasiness, might have made me, if I had been capable of considering it closely, yet more uncomfortable about the future. It was this. The constraint that had been put upon me, was quite abandoned.

more uncomfortable - plus inconfortable

I was so far from being required to keep my dull post in the parlour, that on several occasions, when I took my seat there, Miss Murdstone frowned to me to go away. I was so far from being warned off from Peggotty's society, that, provided I was not in Mr. Murdstone's, I was never sought out or inquired for.

frowned - froncé les sourcils, froncer les sourcils

At first I was in daily dread of his taking my education in hand again, or of Miss Murdstone's devoting herself to it; but I soon began to think that such fears were groundless, and that all I had to anticipate was neglect.

groundless - sans fondement, infondé

neglect - négliger, négligence

I do not conceive that this discovery gave me much pain then. I was still giddy with the shock of my mother's death, and in a kind of stunned state as to all tributary things.

stunned - stupéfait, étourdir, étonner, époustoufler

I can recollect, indeed, to have speculated, at odd times, on the possibility of my not being taught any more, or cared for any more; and growing up to be a shabby, moody man, lounging an idle life away, about the village; as well as on the feasibility of my getting rid of this picture by going away somewhere, like the hero in a story, to seek my fortune: but these were transient visions, daydreams I sat looking at sometimes, as if they were faintly painted or written on the wall of my room, and which, as they melted away, left the wall blank again.

shabby - râpé, usé, élimé, miteux, minable

moody - de mauvaise humeur, lunatique, mélancolique, lugubre

feasibility - la faisabilité, faisabilité

transient - passager, provisoire, transitoire, temporaire, bref

daydreams - des reves éveillés, reverie, revasser, rever

melted away - a fondu

'Peggotty,'I said in a thoughtful whisper, one evening, when I was warming my hands at the kitchen fire, 'Mr. Murdstone likes me less than he used to. He never liked me much, Peggotty; but he would rather not even see me now, if he can help it.'

'Perhaps it's his sorrow,'said Peggotty, stroking my hair.

sorrow - peine, chagrin

'I am sure, Peggotty, I am sorry too. If I believed it was his sorrow, I should not think of it at all. But it's not that; oh, no, it's not that.'

'How do you know it's not that?'said Peggotty, after a silence.

'Oh, his sorrow is another and quite a different thing. He is sorry at this moment, sitting by the fireside with Miss Murdstone; but if I was to go in, Peggotty, he would be something besides.'

'What would he be?'said Peggotty.

'Angry,'I answered, with an involuntary imitation of his dark frown. 'If he was only sorry, he wouldn't look at me as he does. I am only sorry, and it makes me feel kinder.'

involuntary - involontaire

imitation - imitation

Peggotty said nothing for a little while; and I warmed my hands, as silent as she.

'Davy,'she said at length.

'Yes, Peggotty?''I have tried, my dear, all ways I could think of"all the ways there are, and all the ways there ain't, in short"to get a suitable service here, in Blunderstone; but there's no such a thing, my love.'

'And what do you mean to do, Peggotty,'says I, wistfully. 'Do you mean to go and seek your fortune?'

wistfully - avec nostalgie

'I expect I shall be forced to go to Yarmouth,'replied Peggotty, 'and live there.'

'You might have gone farther off,'I said, brightening a little, 'and been as bad as lost. I shall see you sometimes, my dear old Peggotty, there. You won't be quite at the other end of the world, will you?'

'Contrary ways, please God!'cried Peggotty, with great animation. 'As long as you are here, my pet, I shall come over every week of my life to see you. One day, every week of my life!'

I felt a great weight taken off my mind by this promise: but even this was not all, for Peggotty went on to say:

'I'm a-going, Davy, you see, to my brother's, first, for another fortnight's visit"just till I have had time to look about me, and get to be something like myself again. Now, I have been thinking that perhaps, as they don't want you here at present, you might be let to go along with me.'

If anything, short of being in a different relation to every one about me, Peggotty excepted, could have given me a sense of pleasure at that time, it would have been this project of all others.

The idea of being again surrounded by those honest faces, shining welcome on me; of renewing the peacefulness of the sweet Sunday morning, when the bells were ringing, the stones dropping in the water, and the shadowy ships breaking through the mist; of roaming up and down with little Em'ly, telling her my troubles, and finding charms against them in the shells and pebbles on the beach; made a calm in my heart. It was ruffled next moment, to be sure, by a doubt of Miss Murdstone's giving her consent; but even that was set at rest soon, for she came out to take an evening grope in the store-closet while we were yet in conversation, and Peggotty, with a boldness that amazed me, broached the topic on the spot.

renewing - le renouvellement, renouveler

dropping in - passer

roaming - l'itinérance, errer

charms - des breloques, charme

ruffled - ébouriffé, falbala, ébouriffer

'The boy will be idle there,'said Miss Murdstone, looking into a pickle-jar, 'and idleness is the root of all evil. But, to be sure, he would be idle here"or anywhere, in my opinion.'

jar - bocal, jarre

Peggotty had an angry answer ready, I could see; but she swallowed it for my sake, and remained silent.

'Humph!'said Miss Murdstone, still keeping her eye on the pickles; 'it is of more importance than anything else"it is of paramount importance"that my brother should not be disturbed or made uncomfortable. I suppose I had better say yes.'

Humph - humph, hum

paramount - capital, primordial

I thanked her, without making any demonstration of joy, lest it should induce her to withdraw her assent. Nor could I help thinking this a prudent course, since she looked at me out of the pickle-jar, with as great an access of sourness as if her black eyes had absorbed its contents.

induce - induire

Prudent - prudent

sourness - l'aigreur

However, the permission was given, and was never retracted; for when the month was out, Peggotty and I were ready to depart.

retracted - rétracté, rétracter

Mr. Barkis came into the house for Peggotty's boxes. I had never known him to pass the garden-gate before, but on this occasion he came into the house. And he gave me a look as he shouldered the largest box and went out, which I thought had meaning in it, if meaning could ever be said to find its way into Mr. Barkis's visage.

Peggotty was naturally in low spirits at leaving what had been her home so many years, and where the two strong attachments of her life"for my mother and myself"had been formed. She had been walking in the churchyard, too, very early; and she got into the cart, and sat in it with her handkerchief at her eyes.

low spirits - le moral a zéro

So long as she remained in this condition, Mr. Barkis gave no sign of life whatever. He sat in his usual place and attitude like a great stuffed figure. But when she began to look about her, and to speak to me, he nodded his head and grinned several times. I have not the least notion at whom, or what he meant by it.

'It's a beautiful day, Mr. Barkis!'I said, as an act of politeness.

'It ain't bad,'said Mr. Barkis, who generally qualified his speech, and rarely committed himself.

'Peggotty is quite comfortable now, Mr. Barkis,'I remarked, for his satisfaction.

'Is she, though?'said Mr. Barkis.

After reflecting about it, with a sagacious air, Mr. Barkis eyed her, and said:

sagacious - sagace

'ARE you pretty comfortable?'

Peggotty laughed, and answered in the affirmative.

affirmative - affirmatif, phrase affirmative

'But really and truly, you know. Are you?'growled Mr. Barkis, sliding nearer to her on the seat, and nudging her with his elbow. 'Are you? Really and truly pretty comfortable? Are you? Eh?'

nudging - le nudging, petit coup de coude, petite tape amicale, nudge

At each of these inquiries Mr. Barkis shuffled nearer to her, and gave her another nudge; so that at last we were all crowded together in the left-hand corner of the cart, and I was so squeezed that I could hardly bear it.

Peggotty calling his attention to my sufferings, Mr. Barkis gave me a little more room at once, and got away by degrees. But I could not help observing that he seemed to think he had hit upon a wonderful expedient for expressing himself in a neat, agreeable, and pointed manner, without the inconvenience of inventing conversation. He manifestly chuckled over it for some time.

hit upon - Draguer

expedient - opportun, expédient

manifestly - manifestement

By and by he turned to Peggotty again, and repeating, 'Are you pretty comfortable though?'bore down upon us as before, until the breath was nearly edged out of my body. By and by he made another descent upon us with the same inquiry, and the same result. At length, I got up whenever I saw him coming, and standing on the foot-board, pretended to look at the prospect; after which I did very well.

descent - descente, origine, ascendance

He was so polite as to stop at a public-house, expressly on our account, and entertain us with broiled mutton and beer. Even when Peggotty was in the act of drinking, he was seized with one of those approaches, and almost choked her.

broiled - grillé, (faire) griller

choked - étouffé, suffoquer, étouffer

But as we drew nearer to the end of our journey, he had more to do and less time for gallantry; and when we got on Yarmouth pavement, we were all too much shaken and jolted, I apprehend, to have any leisure for anything else.

jolted - secoué, ballotter, cahoter, secouer, soubresaut, secousse

Mr. Peggotty and Ham waited for us at the old place. They received me and Peggotty in an affectionate manner, and shook hands with Mr. Barkis, who, with his hat on the very back of his head, and a shame-faced leer upon his countenance, and pervading his very legs, presented but a vacant appearance, I thought. They each took one of Peggotty's trunks, and we were going away, when Mr.

leer - leer, regard mauvais, (lee) leer

pervading - omniprésente, saturer, pénétrer, envahir

vacant - vacant, vide, niais

Barkis solemnly made a sign to me with his forefinger to come under an archway.

archway - arcade

'I say,'growled Mr. Barkis, 'it was all right.'

I looked up into his face, and answered, with an attempt to be very profound: 'Oh!'

'It didn't come to a end there,'said Mr. Barkis, nodding confidentially. 'It was all right.'

confidentially - en toute confidentialité

Again I answered, 'Oh!'

'You know who was willin','said my friend. 'It was Barkis, and Barkis only.'

I nodded assent.

'It's all right,'said Mr. Barkis, shaking hands; 'I'm a friend of your'n. You made it all right, first. It's all right.'

In his attempts to be particularly lucid, Mr. Barkis was so extremely mysterious, that I might have stood looking in his face for an hour, and most assuredly should have got as much information out of it as out of the face of a clock that had stopped, but for Peggotty's calling me away. As we were going along, she asked me what he had said; and I told her he had said it was all right.

lucid - clair, claire, lucide

assuredly - assurément

'Like his impudence,'said Peggotty, 'but I don't mind that! Davy dear, what should you think if I was to think of being married?'

impudence - l'impudence, impudence

I don't mind - Ça ne me dérange pas

'Why"I suppose you would like me as much then, Peggotty, as you do now?'I returned, after a little consideration.

Greatly to the astonishment of the passengers in the street, as well as of her relations going on before, the good soul was obliged to stop and embrace me on the spot, with many protestations of her unalterable love.

unalterable - inaltérable

'Tell me what should you say, darling?'she asked again, when this was over, and we were walking on.

'If you were thinking of being married"to Mr. Barkis, Peggotty?'

'Yes,'said Peggotty.

'I should think it would be a very good thing. For then you know, Peggotty, you would always have the horse and cart to bring you over to see me, and could come for nothing, and be sure of coming.'

'The sense of the dear!'cried Peggotty. 'What I have been thinking of, this month back! Yes, my precious; and I think I should be more independent altogether, you see; let alone my working with a better heart in my own house, than I could in anybody else's now. I don't know what I might be fit for, now, as a servant to a stranger.

be fit - etre en forme

And I shall be always near my pretty's resting-place,'said Peggotty, musing, 'and be able to see it when I like; and when I lie down to rest, I may be laid not far off from my darling girl!'

musing - muser, songeur, pensif, pensée, (mus) muser

We neither of us said anything for a little while.

'But I wouldn't so much as give it another thought,'said Peggotty, cheerily 'if my Davy was anyways against it"not if I had been asked in church thirty times three times over, and was wearing out the ring in my pocket.'

cheerily - heureuse

'Look at me, Peggotty,'I replied; 'and see if I am not really glad, and don't truly wish it!'As indeed I did, with all my heart.

'Well, my life,'said Peggotty, giving me a squeeze, 'I have thought of it night and day, every way I can, and I hope the right way; but I'll think of it again, and speak to my brother about it, and in the meantime we'll keep it to ourselves, Davy, you and me.

Barkis is a good plain creature,'said Peggotty, 'and if I tried to do my duty by him, I think it would be my fault if I wasn't"if I wasn't pretty comfortable,'said Peggotty, laughing heartily. This quotation from Mr. Barkis was so appropriate, and tickled us both so much, that we laughed again and again, and were quite in a pleasant humour when we came within view of Mr. Peggotty's cottage.

It looked just the same, except that it may, perhaps, have shrunk a little in my eyes; and Mrs. Gummidge was waiting at the door as if she had stood there ever since. All within was the same, down to the seaweed in the blue mug in my bedroom.

shrunk - rétréci, se réduire, rétrécir, se resserrer

I went into the out-house to look about me; and the very same lobsters, crabs, and crawfish possessed by the same desire to pinch the world in general, appeared to be in the same state of conglomeration in the same old corner.

pinch - pincer, chiper, pincement, pincée

But there was no little Em'ly to be seen, so I asked Mr. Peggotty where she was.

'She's at school, sir,'said Mr. Peggotty, wiping the heat consequent on the porterage of Peggotty's box from his forehead; 'she'll be home,'looking at the Dutch clock, 'in from twenty minutes to half-an-hour's time. We all on us feel the loss of her, bless ye!'

porterage - portage

Mrs. Gummidge moaned.

moaned - gémi, gémissement, se plaindre, geindre, gémir, mugir

'Cheer up, Mawther!'cried Mr. Peggotty.

'I feel it more than anybody else,'said Mrs. Gummidge; 'I'm a lone lorn creetur', and she used to be a'most the only thing that didn't go contrary with me.'

Mrs. Gummidge, whimpering and shaking her head, applied herself to blowing the fire. Mr. Peggotty, looking round upon us while she was so engaged, said in a low voice, which he shaded with his hand: 'The old 'un!'From this I rightly conjectured that no improvement had taken place since my last visit in the state of Mrs. Gummidge's spirits.

whimpering - des gémissements, (whimper), gémissement, gémir, pleurnicher

rightly - a juste titre

conjectured - conjecturé, conjecture, conjecturer

Now, the whole place was, or it should have been, quite as delightful a place as ever; and yet it did not impress me in the same way. I felt rather disappointed with it. Perhaps it was because little Em'ly was not at home. I knew the way by which she would come, and presently found myself strolling along the path to meet her.

strolling - se promener, (stroll), promenade, flânerie, balade, promener

A figure appeared in the distance before long, and I soon knew it to be Em'ly, who was a little creature still in stature, though she was grown.

But when she drew nearer, and I saw her blue eyes looking bluer, and her dimpled face looking brighter, and her whole self prettier and gayer, a curious feeling came over me that made me pretend not to know her, and pass by as if I were looking at something a long way off. I have done such a thing since in later life, or I am mistaken.

dimpled - a fossettes, alvéole, fossette

Little Em'ly didn't care a bit. She saw me well enough; but instead of turning round and calling after me, ran away laughing. This obliged me to run after her, and she ran so fast that we were very near the cottage before I caught her.

turning round - faire demi-tour

'Oh, it's you, is it?'said little Em'ly.

'Why, you knew who it was, Em'ly,'said I.

'And didn't YOU know who it was?'said Em'ly. I was going to kiss her, but she covered her cherry lips with her hands, and said she wasn't a baby now, and ran away, laughing more than ever, into the house.

She seemed to delight in teasing me, which was a change in her I wondered at very much. The tea table was ready, and our little locker was put out in its old place, but instead of coming to sit by me, she went and bestowed her company upon that grumbling Mrs. Gummidge: and on Mr. Peggotty's inquiring why, rumpled her hair all over her face to hide it, and could do nothing but laugh.

teasing - taquineries, (teas) taquineries

bestowed - accordé, disposer de, accorder, remettre, conférer

grumbling - grommeler, (grumble), grondement, gargouillement, grognement

'A little puss, it is!'said Mr. Peggotty, patting her with his great hand.

'So sh'is! so sh'is!'cried Ham. 'Mas'r Davy bor', so sh'is!'and he sat and chuckled at her for some time, in a state of mingled admiration and delight, that made his face a burning red.

Little Em'ly was spoiled by them all, in fact; and by no one more than Mr. Peggotty himself, whom she could have coaxed into anything, by only going and laying her cheek against his rough whisker. That was my opinion, at least, when I saw her do it; and I held Mr. Peggotty to be thoroughly in the right.

coaxed - contraint, amadouer

whisker - favoris, poil de barbe, moustache, vibrisse, d’un poil

But she was so affectionate and sweet-natured, and had such a pleasant manner of being both sly and shy at once, that she captivated me more than ever.

sly - sly, sournois, malin, rusé, matois, espiegle

captivated - captivé, captiver

She was tender-hearted, too; for when, as we sat round the fire after tea, an allusion was made by Mr. Peggotty over his pipe to the loss I had sustained, the tears stood in her eyes, and she looked at me so kindly across the table, that I felt quite thankful to her.

'Ah!'said Mr. Peggotty, taking up her curls, and running them over his hand like water, 'here's another orphan, you see, sir. And here,'said Mr. Peggotty, giving Ham a backhanded knock in the chest, 'is another of 'em, though he don't look much like it.'

backhanded - a l'envers, revers

'If I had you for my guardian, Mr. Peggotty,'said I, shaking my head, 'I don't think I should FEEL much like it.'

guardian - gardien, tuteur, tutrice, curateur, curatrice

'Well said, Mas'r Davy bor'!'cried Ham, in an ecstasy. 'Hoorah! Well said! Nor more you wouldn't! Hor! Hor!'"Here he returned Mr. Peggotty's back-hander, and little Em'ly got up and kissed Mr. Peggotty. 'And how's your friend, sir?'said Mr. Peggotty to me.

ecstasy - l'ecstasy, extase, ecstasy, exta

Hoorah - hourra

hander - main

'Steerforth?'said I.

'That's the name!'cried Mr. Peggotty, turning to Ham. 'I knowed it was something in our way.'

knowed - connu

'You said it was Rudderford,'observed Ham, laughing.

'Well!'retorted Mr. Peggotty. 'And ye steer with a rudder, don't ye? It ain't fur off. How is he, sir?'

steer - diriger, piloter

'He was very well indeed when I came away, Mr. Peggotty.'

'There's a friend!'said Mr. Peggotty, stretching out his pipe. 'There's a friend, if you talk of friends! Why, Lord love my heart alive, if it ain't a treat to look at him!'

treat to - Traiter a

'He is very handsome, is he not?'said I, my heart warming with this praise.

heart warming - qui réchauffe le cour

'Handsome!'cried Mr. Peggotty. 'He stands up to you like"like a"why I don't know what he don't stand up to you like. He's so bold!'

'Yes! That's just his character,'said I. 'He's as brave as a lion, and you can't think how frank he is, Mr. Peggotty.'

frank - franche, franc

'And I do suppose, now,'said Mr. Peggotty, looking at me through the smoke of his pipe, 'that in the way of book-larning he'd take the wind out of a'most anything.'

'Yes,'said I, delighted; 'he knows everything. He is astonishingly clever.'

astonishingly - étonnamment

'There's a friend!'murmured Mr. Peggotty, with a grave toss of his head.

toss - de la balle, jet, au pile ou face, tirage au sort, lancer

'Nothing seems to cost him any trouble,'said I. 'He knows a task if he only looks at it. He is the best cricketer you ever saw. He will give you almost as many men as you like at draughts, and beat you easily.'

cricketer - joueur de cricket

Mr. Peggotty gave his head another toss, as much as to say: 'Of course he will.'

'He is such a speaker,'I pursued, 'that he can win anybody over; and I don't know what you'd say if you were to hear him sing, Mr. Peggotty.'

Mr. Peggotty gave his head another toss, as much as to say: 'I have no doubt of it.'

'Then, he's such a generous, fine, noble fellow,'said I, quite carried away by my favourite theme, 'that it's hardly possible to give him as much praise as he deserves. I am sure I can never feel thankful enough for the generosity with which he has protected me, so much younger and lower in the school than himself.'

I was running on, very fast indeed, when my eyes rested on little Em'ly's face, which was bent forward over the table, listening with the deepest attention, her breath held, her blue eyes sparkling like jewels, and the colour mantling in her cheeks.

sparkling - étincelante, pétillant

jewels - bijoux, joyau, bijou, pierre d'horlogerie, rubis

mantling - lambrequins, lambrequin, (mantle), manteau, les renes, manchon

She looked so extraordinarily earnest and pretty, that I stopped in a sort of wonder; and they all observed her at the same time, for as I stopped, they laughed and looked at her.

extraordinarily - extraordinairement

'Em'ly is like me,'said Peggotty, 'and would like to see him.'

Em'ly was confused by our all observing her, and hung down her head, and her face was covered with blushes. Glancing up presently through her stray curls, and seeing that we were all looking at her still (I am sure I, for one, could have looked at her for hours), she ran away, and kept away till it was nearly bedtime.

blushes - des fards a joues, rougeur

kept away - tenu a l'écart

I lay down in the old little bed in the stern of the boat, and the wind came moaning on across the flat as it had done before. But I could not help fancying, now, that it moaned of those who were gone; and instead of thinking that the sea might rise in the night and float the boat away, I thought of the sea that had risen, since I last heard those sounds, and drowned my happy home.

moaning - gémissements, gémissement, se plaindre, geindre, gémir, mugir

I recollect, as the wind and water began to sound fainter in my ears, putting a short clause into my prayers, petitioning that I might grow up to marry little Em'ly, and so dropping lovingly asleep.

fainter - plus faible, (faint) plus faible

petitioning - pétition, pétitionner

The days passed pretty much as they had passed before, except"it was a great exception"that little Em'ly and I seldom wandered on the beach now. She had tasks to learn, and needle-work to do; and was absent during a great part of each day. But I felt that we should not have had those old wanderings, even if it had been otherwise.

wanderings - errances, errement, errance, divagation

Wild and full of childish whims as Em'ly was, she was more of a little woman than I had supposed. She seemed to have got a great distance away from me, in little more than a year. She liked me, but she laughed at me, and tormented me; and when I went to meet her, stole home another way, and was laughing at the door when I came back, disappointed.

whims - des caprices, caprice

tormented - tourmenté, tourment, tourmenter

The best times were when she sat quietly at work in the doorway, and I sat on the wooden step at her feet, reading to her.

It seems to me, at this hour, that I have never seen such sunlight as on those bright April afternoons; that I have never seen such a sunny little figure as I used to see, sitting in the doorway of the old boat; that I have never beheld such sky, such water, such glorified ships sailing away into golden air.

beheld - a été observée, regarder, voir, observer, voici, voila

glorified - glorifié, glorifier

On the very first evening after our arrival, Mr. Barkis appeared in an exceedingly vacant and awkward condition, and with a bundle of oranges tied up in a handkerchief.

exceedingly - excessivement, extremement, énormément

As he made no allusion of any kind to this property, he was supposed to have left it behind him by accident when he went away; until Ham, running after him to restore it, came back with the information that it was intended for Peggotty.

After that occasion he appeared every evening at exactly the same hour, and always with a little bundle, to which he never alluded, and which he regularly put behind the door and left there. These offerings of affection were of a most various and eccentric description.

offerings - offres, offre, offrande

eccentric - excentrique

Among them I remember a double set of pigs'trotters, a huge pin-cushion, half a bushel or so of apples, a pair of jet earrings, some Spanish onions, a box of dominoes, a canary bird and cage, and a leg of pickled pork.

bushel - boisseau

earrings - boucles d'oreilles, boucle d'oreille

Spanish - espagnol, castillan

dominoes - dominos, domino

canary bird - un oiseau canari

pickled - mariné, marinade(s)

Mr. Barkis's wooing, as I remember it, was altogether of a peculiar kind. He very seldom said anything; but would sit by the fire in much the same attitude as he sat in his cart, and stare heavily at Peggotty, who was opposite. One night, being, as I suppose, inspired by love, he made a dart at the bit of wax-candle she kept for her thread, and put it in his waistcoat-pocket and carried it off.

wooing - courtiser, (woo) courtiser

After that, his great delight was to produce it when it was wanted, sticking to the lining of his pocket, in a partially melted state, and pocket it again when it was done with. He seemed to enjoy himself very much, and not to feel at all called upon to talk.

partially - partiellement, en partie

Even when he took Peggotty out for a walk on the flats, he had no uneasiness on that head, I believe; contenting himself with now and then asking her if she was pretty comfortable; and I remember that sometimes, after he was gone, Peggotty would throw her apron over her face, and laugh for half-an-hour. Indeed, we were all more or less amused, except that miserable Mrs.

contenting - content, satisfait

Gummidge, whose courtship would appear to have been of an exactly parallel nature, she was so continually reminded by these transactions of the old one.

courtship - la cour, cour

At length, when the term of my visit was nearly expired, it was given out that Peggotty and Mr. Barkis were going to make a day's holiday together, and that little Em'ly and I were to accompany them. I had but a broken sleep the night before, in anticipation of the pleasure of a whole day with Em'ly. We were all astir betimes in the morning; and while we were yet at breakfast, Mr.

expired - expiré, expirer

astir - en éveil

Barkis appeared in the distance, driving a chaise-cart towards the object of his affections.

Peggotty was dressed as usual, in her neat and quiet mourning; but Mr. Barkis bloomed in a new blue coat, of which the tailor had given him such good measure, that the cuffs would have rendered gloves unnecessary in the coldest weather, while the collar was so high that it pushed his hair up on end on the top of his head. His bright buttons, too, were of the largest size.

bloomed - fleuri, fleur

cuffs - manchettes, manchette

rendered - rendu, rendre

Rendered complete by drab pantaloons and a buff waistcoat, I thought Mr. Barkis a phenomenon of respectability.

drab - terne

Buff - buff, buffle

When we were all in a bustle outside the door, I found that Mr. Peggotty was prepared with an old shoe, which was to be thrown after us for luck, and which he offered to Mrs. Gummidge for that purpose.

bustle - l'agitation, affairement, branlebas, remue-ménage, agitation

old shoe - vieille chaussure

'No. It had better be done by somebody else, Dan'l,'said Mrs. Gummidge. 'I'm a lone lorn creetur'myself, and everythink that reminds me of creetur's that ain't lone and lorn, goes contrary with me.'

'Come, old gal!'cried Mr. Peggotty. 'Take and heave it.'

gal - gal

heave - soulevement, hisser

'No, Dan'l,'returned Mrs. Gummidge, whimpering and shaking her head. 'If I felt less, I could do more. You don't feel like me, Dan'l; thinks don't go contrary with you, nor you with them; you had better do it yourself.'

But here Peggotty, who had been going about from one to another in a hurried way, kissing everybody, called out from the cart, in which we all were by this time (Em'ly and I on two little chairs, side by side), that Mrs. Gummidge must do it. So Mrs.

Gummidge did it; and, I am sorry to relate, cast a damp upon the festive character of our departure, by immediately bursting into tears, and sinking subdued into the arms of Ham, with the declaration that she knowed she was a burden, and had better be carried to the House at once. Which I really thought was a sensible idea, that Ham might have acted on.

festive - festif, festive

burden - charge, accablement, alourdissons, alourdir, alourdissez

Away we went, however, on our holiday excursion; and the first thing we did was to stop at a church, where Mr. Barkis tied the horse to some rails, and went in with Peggotty, leaving little Em'ly and me alone in the chaise.

excursion - excursion, randonnée

I took that occasion to put my arm round Em'ly's waist, and propose that as I was going away so very soon now, we should determine to be very affectionate to one another, and very happy, all day.

Little Em'ly consenting, and allowing me to kiss her, I became desperate; informing her, I recollect, that I never could love another, and that I was prepared to shed the blood of anybody who should aspire to her affections.

consenting - consentant, consentir, approuver, agréer, consentement


How merry little Em'ly made herself about it! With what a demure assumption of being immensely older and wiser than I, the fairy little woman said I was 'a silly boy'; and then laughed so charmingly that I forgot the pain of being called by that disparaging name, in the pleasure of looking at her.

demure - démonstratif, réservé, discret, sobre, sérieux

charmingly - avec charme, irritant

disparaging - dénigrer, mésalliance, se mésallier

Mr. Barkis and Peggotty were a good while in the church, but came out at last, and then we drove away into the country. As we were going along, Mr. Barkis turned to me, and said, with a wink,"by the by, I should hardly have thought, before, that he could wink:

'What name was it as I wrote up in the cart?'

'Clara Peggotty,'I answered.

'What name would it be as I should write up now, if there was a tilt here?'

'Clara Peggotty, again?'I suggested.

'Clara Peggotty BARKIS!'he returned, and burst into a roar of laughter that shook the chaise.

In a word, they were married, and had gone into the church for no other purpose. Peggotty was resolved that it should be quietly done; and the clerk had given her away, and there had been no witnesses of the ceremony. She was a little confused when Mr.

Barkis made this abrupt announcement of their union, and could not hug me enough in token of her unimpaired affection; but she soon became herself again, and said she was very glad it was over.

abrupt - abrupt, brusque, precipité

token - de jeton, symbole, jeton, symbolique

unimpaired - non altérée

We drove to a little inn in a by-road, where we were expected, and where we had a very comfortable dinner, and passed the day with great satisfaction.

If Peggotty had been married every day for the last ten years, she could hardly have been more at her ease about it; it made no sort of difference in her: she was just the same as ever, and went out for a stroll with little Em'ly and me before tea, while Mr. Barkis philosophically smoked his pipe, and enjoyed himself, I suppose, with the contemplation of his happiness.

philosophically - sur le plan philosophique, philosophiquement

If so, it sharpened his appetite; for I distinctly call to mind that, although he had eaten a good deal of pork and greens at dinner, and had finished off with a fowl or two, he was obliged to have cold boiled bacon for tea, and disposed of a large quantity without any emotion.

sharpened - aiguisé, affiler, affuter, aiguiser

fowl - volaille, poule

I have often thought, since, what an odd, innocent, out-of-the-way kind of wedding it must have been! We got into the chaise again soon after dark, and drove cosily back, looking up at the stars, and talking about them. I was their chief exponent, and opened Mr. Barkis's mind to an amazing extent.

exponent - exposant

I told him all I knew, but he would have believed anything I might have taken it into my head to impart to him; for he had a profound veneration for my abilities, and informed his wife in my hearing, on that very occasion, that I was 'a young Roeshus'"by which I think he meant prodigy.

impart - donner, communiquer, transmettre

prodigy - présage, augure, auspices, prodige, prodigie

When we had exhausted the subject of the stars, or rather when I had exhausted the mental faculties of Mr. Barkis, little Em'ly and I made a cloak of an old wrapper, and sat under it for the rest of the journey. Ah, how I loved her!

faculties - facultés, faculté

What happiness (I thought) if we were married, and were going away anywhere to live among the trees and in the fields, never growing older, never growing wiser, children ever, rambling hand in hand through sunshine and among flowery meadows, laying down our heads on moss at night, in a sweet sleep of purity and peace, and buried by the birds when we were dead!

sunshine - soleil, lumiere du soleil

flowery - fleuri

meadows - prairies, pré

moss - mousse

Some such picture, with no real world in it, bright with the light of our innocence, and vague as the stars afar off, was in my mind all the way. I am glad to think there were two such guileless hearts at Peggotty's marriage as little Em'ly's and mine. I am glad to think the Loves and Graces took such airy forms in its homely procession.

innocence - l'innocence, innocence, candeur

afar - loin, afar

guileless - sans ruse, candide

graces - Les grâces, (grace), bénédicité, grâces, grâce, miséricorde

Well, we came to the old boat again in good time at night; and there Mr. and Mrs. Barkis bade us good-bye, and drove away snugly to their own home. I felt then, for the first time, that I had lost Peggotty. I should have gone to bed with a sore heart indeed under any other roof but that which sheltered little Em'ly's head.

bade - Bade

Mr. Peggotty and Ham knew what was in my thoughts as well as I did, and were ready with some supper and their hospitable faces to drive it away. Little Em'ly came and sat beside me on the locker for the only time in all that visit; and it was altogether a wonderful close to a wonderful day.

It was a night tide; and soon after we went to bed, Mr. Peggotty and Ham went out to fish. I felt very brave at being left alone in the solitary house, the protector of Em'ly and Mrs. Gummidge, and only wished that a lion or a serpent, or any ill-disposed monster, would make an attack upon us, that I might destroy him, and cover myself with glory.

protector - protecteur, guardien

serpent - serpent

glory - gloire

But as nothing of the sort happened to be walking about on Yarmouth flats that night, I provided the best substitute I could by dreaming of dragons until morning.

dragons - des dragons, dragon

With morning came Peggotty; who called to me, as usual, under my window as if Mr. Barkis the carrier had been from first to last a dream too. After breakfast she took me to her own home, and a beautiful little home it was.

Of all the moveables in it, I must have been impressed by a certain old bureau of some dark wood in the parlour (the tile-floored kitchen was the general sitting-room), with a retreating top which opened, let down, and became a desk, within which was a large quarto edition of Foxe's Book of Martyrs.

bureau - bureau, agence, secrétaire, chiffonnier, commode

tile - tuile, carreau

retreating - se retirer, battre en retraite

quarto - quarto

martyrs - martyrs, martyr, martyre, chahîd, chahid

This precious volume, of which I do not recollect one word, I immediately discovered and immediately applied myself to; and I never visited the house afterwards, but I kneeled on a chair, opened the casket where this gem was enshrined, spread my arms over the desk, and fell to devouring the book afresh.

casket - cercueil, coffret

gem - gemme, joyau, pierre précieuse, merle blanc, oiseau rare

enshrined - consacré, enchâsser

devouring - dévorant, dévorer

I was chiefly edified, I am afraid, by the pictures, which were numerous, and represented all kinds of dismal horrors; but the Martyrs and Peggotty's house have been inseparable in my mind ever since, and are now.

chiefly - principalement, surtout

edified - édifié, édifier

inseparable - inséparables, inséparable

I took leave of Mr. Peggotty, and Ham, and Mrs. Gummidge, and little Em'ly, that day; and passed the night at Peggotty's, in a little room in the roof (with the Crocodile Book on a shelf by the bed's head) which was to be always mine, Peggotty said, and should always be kept for me in exactly the same state.

'Young or old, Davy dear, as long as I am alive and have this house over my head,'said Peggotty, 'you shall find it as if I expected you here directly minute. I shall keep it every day, as I used to keep your old little room, my darling; and if you was to go to China, you might think of it as being kept just the same, all the time you were away.'

I felt the truth and constancy of my dear old nurse, with all my heart, and thanked her as well as I could. That was not very well, for she spoke to me thus, with her arms round my neck, in the morning, and I was going home in the morning, and I went home in the morning, with herself and Mr. Barkis in the cart.

constancy - constance

They left me at the gate, not easily or lightly; and it was a strange sight to me to see the cart go on, taking Peggotty away, and leaving me under the old elm-trees looking at the house, in which there was no face to look on mine with love or liking any more.

And now I fell into a state of neglect, which I cannot look back upon without compassion. I fell at once into a solitary condition,"apart from all friendly notice, apart from the society of all other boys of my own age, apart from all companionship but my own spiritless thoughts,"which seems to cast its gloom upon this paper as I write.

spiritless - sans esprit

What would I have given, to have been sent to the hardest school that ever was kept!"to have been taught something, anyhow, anywhere! No such hope dawned upon me. They disliked me; and they sullenly, sternly, steadily, overlooked me. I think Mr. Murdstone's means were straitened at about this time; but it is little to the purpose.

dawned - s'est levé, se lever, naître, aube, lever du soleil

sullenly - maussade

He could not bear me; and in putting me from him he tried, as I believe, to put away the notion that I had any claim upon him"and succeeded.

I was not actively ill-used. I was not beaten, or starved; but the wrong that was done to me had no intervals of relenting, and was done in a systematic, passionless manner. Day after day, week after week, month after month, I was coldly neglected.

relenting - se détendre, (relent), se retirer

coldly - froidement

I wonder sometimes, when I think of it, what they would have done if I had been taken with an illness; whether I should have lain down in my lonely room, and languished through it in my usual solitary way, or whether anybody would have helped me out.

languished - languissait, dépérir, se cachectiser, se rabougrir

When Mr. and Miss Murdstone were at home, I took my meals with them; in their absence, I ate and drank by myself. At all times I lounged about the house and neighbourhood quite disregarded, except that they were jealous of my making any friends: thinking, perhaps, that if I did, I might complain to someone. For this reason, though Mr.

lounged - s'est prélassée, salle d'attente, salon

disregarded - ignorée, mépris, ignorer, mépriser

Chillip often asked me to go and see him (he was a widower, having, some years before that, lost a little small light-haired wife, whom I can just remember connecting in my own thoughts with a pale tortoise-shell cat), it was but seldom that I enjoyed the happiness of passing an afternoon in his closet of a surgery; reading some book that was new to me, with the smell of the whole Pharmacopoeia coming up my nose, or pounding something in a mortar under his mild directions.

widower - veuf

tortoise-shell - (tortoise-shell) carapace de tortue

mortar - mortier

For the same reason, added no doubt to the old dislike of her, I was seldom allowed to visit Peggotty. Faithful to her promise, she either came to see me, or met me somewhere near, once every week, and never empty-handed; but many and bitter were the disappointments I had, in being refused permission to pay a visit to her at her house.

Some few times, however, at long intervals, I was allowed to go there; and then I found out that Mr. Barkis was something of a miser, or as Peggotty dutifully expressed it, was 'a little near', and kept a heap of money in a box under his bed, which he pretended was only full of coats and trousers.

miser - avare, crevard, grigou, grippe-sou

dutifully - consciencieusement

In this coffer, his riches hid themselves with such a tenacious modesty, that the smallest instalments could only be tempted out by artifice; so that Peggotty had to prepare a long and elaborate scheme, a very Gunpowder Plot, for every Saturday's expenses.

coffer - coffret, coffre, caisson

tenacious - tenace

artifice - artifice, feinte

elaborate - élaborer, approfondir

gunpowder - la poudre a canon

All this time I was so conscious of the waste of any promise I had given, and of my being utterly neglected, that I should have been perfectly miserable, I have no doubt, but for the old books. They were my only comfort; and I was as true to them as they were to me, and read them over and over I don't know how many times more.

I now approach a period of my life, which I can never lose the remembrance of, while I remember anything: and the recollection of which has often, without my invocation, come before me like a ghost, and haunted happier times.

invocation - invocation

I had been out, one day, loitering somewhere, in the listless, meditative manner that my way of life engendered, when, turning the corner of a lane near our house, I came upon Mr. Murdstone walking with a gentleman. I was confused, and was going by them, when the gentleman cried:

listless - sans voix, apathique, indolent

meditative - méditatif

'What! Brooks!'

'No, sir, David Copperfield,'I said.

'Don't tell me. You are Brooks,'said the gentleman. 'You are Brooks of Sheffield. That's your name.'

At these words, I observed the gentleman more attentively. His laugh coming to my remembrance too, I knew him to be Mr. Quinion, whom I had gone over to Lowestoft with Mr. Murdstone to see, before"it is no matter"I need not recall when.

attentively - attentivement

'And how do you get on, and where are you being educated, Brooks?'said Mr. Quinion.

He had put his hand upon my shoulder, and turned me about, to walk with them. I did not know what to reply, and glanced dubiously at Mr. Murdstone.

dubiously - douteux, dubitativement, douteusement

'He is at home at present,'said the latter. 'He is not being educated anywhere. I don't know what to do with him. He is a difficult subject.'

That old, double look was on me for a moment; and then his eyes darkened with a frown, as it turned, in its aversion, elsewhere.

aversion - l'aversion, aversion

'Humph!'said Mr. Quinion, looking at us both, I thought. 'Fine weather!'

Silence ensued, and I was considering how I could best disengage my shoulder from his hand, and go away, when he said:

disengage - se désengager, désengager

'I suppose you are a pretty sharp fellow still? Eh, Brooks?'

'Aye! He is sharp enough,'said Mr. Murdstone, impatiently. 'You had better let him go. He will not thank you for troubling him.'

On this hint, Mr. Quinion released me, and I made the best of my way home. Looking back as I turned into the front garden, I saw Mr. Murdstone leaning against the wicket of the churchyard, and Mr. Quinion talking to him. They were both looking after me, and I felt that they were speaking of me.

Mr. Quinion lay at our house that night. After breakfast, the next morning, I had put my chair away, and was going out of the room, when Mr. Murdstone called me back. He then gravely repaired to another table, where his sister sat herself at her desk. Mr. Quinion, with his hands in his pockets, stood looking out of window; and I stood looking at them all.

'David,'said Mr. Murdstone, 'to the young this is a world for action; not for moping and droning in.'"'As you do,'added his sister.

moping - se morfondre, serpilliere, qualifier

droning - bourdonnement, faux-bourdon

'Jane Murdstone, leave it to me, if you please. I say, David, to the young this is a world for action, and not for moping and droning in. It is especially so for a young boy of your disposition, which requires a great deal of correcting; and to which no greater service can be done than to force it to conform to the ways of the working world, and to bend it and break it.'

moping - se morfondre, broyer du noir

conform - conforme, s'aligner, se conformer (a)

'For stubbornness won't do here,'said his sister 'What it wants is, to be crushed. And crushed it must be. Shall be, too!'

stubbornness - l'entetement, entetement

crushed - écrasé, barricade, béguin, amourette, faible, coup de cour

He gave her a look, half in remonstrance, half in approval, and went on:

'I suppose you know, David, that I am not rich. At any rate, you know it now. You have received some considerable education already. Education is costly; and even if it were not, and I could afford it, I am of opinion that it would not be at all advantageous to you to be kept at school. What is before you, is a fight with the world; and the sooner you begin it, the better.'

costly - couteux, couteux, lourd

advantageous - avantageux

I think it occurred to me that I had already begun it, in my poor way: but it occurs to me now, whether or no.

'You have heard the ścounting-houseť mentioned sometimes,'said Mr. Murdstone.

'The counting-house, sir?'I repeated. 'Of Murdstone and Grinby, in the wine trade,'he replied.

I suppose I looked uncertain, for he went on hastily:

'You have heard the ścounting-houseť mentioned, or the business, or the cellars, or the wharf, or something about it.'

cellars - caves, cave

wharf - quai, appontement, checkappontement

'I think I have heard the business mentioned, sir,'I said, remembering what I vaguely knew of his and his sister's resources. 'But I don't know when.'

'It does not matter when,'he returned. 'Mr. Quinion manages that business.'

I glanced at the latter deferentially as he stood looking out of window.

deferentially - avec déférence

'Mr. Quinion suggests that it gives employment to some other boys, and that he sees no reason why it shouldn't, on the same terms, give employment to you.'

'He having,'Mr. Quinion observed in a low voice, and half turning round, 'no other prospect, Murdstone.'

Mr. Murdstone, with an impatient, even an angry gesture, resumed, without noticing what he had said:

'Those terms are, that you will earn enough for yourself to provide for your eating and drinking, and pocket-money. Your lodging (which I have arranged for) will be paid by me. So will your washing"'

'"Which will be kept down to my estimate,'said his sister.

'Your clothes will be looked after for you, too,'said Mr. Murdstone; 'as you will not be able, yet awhile, to get them for yourself. So you are now going to London, David, with Mr. Quinion, to begin the world on your own account.'

awhile - pendant ce temps, un moment, un peu, un instant

'In short, you are provided for,'observed his sister; 'and will please to do your duty.'

Though I quite understood that the purpose of this announcement was to get rid of me, I have no distinct remembrance whether it pleased or frightened me. My impression is, that I was in a state of confusion about it, and, oscillating between the two points, touched neither. Nor had I much time for the clearing of my thoughts, as Mr. Quinion was to go upon the morrow.

oscillating - oscillant, osciller

Behold me, on the morrow, in a much-worn little white hat, with a black crape round it for my mother, a black jacket, and a pair of hard, stiff corduroy trousers"which Miss Murdstone considered the best armour for the legs in that fight with the world which was now to come off. Behold me so attired, and with my little worldly all before me in a small trunk, sitting, a lone lorn child (as Mrs.

corduroy trousers - pantalon en velours côtelé

armour - armure, blindez, blinder, blindons, cuirass, blindent

trunk - tronc, malle, coffre, trompe, coffre (de voiture), valise

Gummidge might have said), in the post-chaise that was carrying Mr. Quinion to the London coach at Yarmouth! See, how our house and church are lessening in the distance; how the grave beneath the tree is blotted out by intervening objects; how the spire points upwards from my old playground no more, and the sky is empty!

lessening - diminution, amoindrir, atténuer, diminuer, réduire

blotted out - effacé

intervening - intervenir

spire - spire, fleche


I know enough of the world now, to have almost lost the capacity of being much surprised by anything; but it is matter of some surprise to me, even now, that I can have been so easily thrown away at such an age.

A child of excellent abilities, and with strong powers of observation, quick, eager, delicate, and soon hurt bodily or mentally, it seems wonderful to me that nobody should have made any sign in my behalf. But none was made; and I became, at ten years old, a little labouring hind in the service of Murdstone and Grinby.

bodily - corporel

mentally - mentalement

hind - biche

Murdstone and Grinby's warehouse was at the waterside. It was down in Blackfriars. Modern improvements have altered the place; but it was the last house at the bottom of a narrow street, curving down hill to the river, with some stairs at the end, where people took boat.

warehouse - entrepôt, dépôt

waterside - au bord de l'eau

It was a crazy old house with a wharf of its own, abutting on the water when the tide was in, and on the mud when the tide was out, and literally overrun with rats.

overrun - débordé, exceder

Its panelled rooms, discoloured with the dirt and smoke of a hundred years, I dare say; its decaying floors and staircase; the squeaking and scuffling of the old grey rats down in the cellars; and the dirt and rottenness of the place; are things, not of many years ago, in my mind, but of the present instant.

decaying - en décomposition, décrépitude, déchéance, pourrir

squeaking - grincement, (squeak), crissement, craquement

They are all before me, just as they were in the evil hour when I went among them for the first time, with my trembling hand in Mr. Quinion's.

Murdstone and Grinby's trade was among a good many kinds of people, but an important branch of it was the supply of wines and spirits to certain packet ships. I forget now where they chiefly went, but I think there were some among them that made voyages both to the East and West Indies.

I know that a great many empty bottles were one of the consequences of this traffic, and that certain men and boys were employed to examine them against the light, and reject those that were flawed, and to rinse and wash them.

flawed - défectueux, défaut, faille

rinse - rincer, rinçage

When the empty bottles ran short, there were labels to be pasted on full ones, or corks to be fitted to them, or seals to be put upon the corks, or finished bottles to be packed in casks. All this work was my work, and of the boys employed upon it I was one.

casks - futs, tonneau, fut, barrique

There were three or four of us, counting me. My working place was established in a corner of the warehouse, where Mr. Quinion could see me, when he chose to stand up on the bottom rail of his stool in the counting-house, and look at me through a window above the desk.

Hither, on the first morning of my so auspiciously beginning life on my own account, the oldest of the regular boys was summoned to show me my business. His name was Mick Walker, and he wore a ragged apron and a paper cap. He informed me that his father was a bargeman, and walked, in a black velvet head-dress, in the Lord mayor's Show.

hither - ici, ça

auspiciously - de bon augure

walker - marcheur

bargeman - bargeman

Lord mayor - Monsieur le maire

He also informed me that our principal associate would be another boy whom he introduced by the"to me"extraordinary name of Mealy Potatoes. I discovered, however, that this youth had not been christened by that name, but that it had been bestowed upon him in the warehouse, on account of his complexion, which was pale or mealy.

mealy - farineux

christened - baptisé, baptiser, nommer

Mealy's father was a waterman, who had the additional distinction of being a fireman, and was engaged as such at one of the large theatres; where some young relation of Mealy's"I think his little sister"did Imps in the Pantomimes.

waterman - waterman

fireman - pompier, chauffeur

imps - des diablotins, diablotin

Pantomimes - pantomimes, pantomime

No words can express the secret agony of my soul as I sunk into this companionship; compared these henceforth everyday associates with those of my happier childhood"not to say with Steerforth, Traddles, and the rest of those boys; and felt my hopes of growing up to be a learned and distinguished man, crushed in my bosom.

associates with - s'associer avec

The deep remembrance of the sense I had, of being utterly without hope now; of the shame I felt in my position; of the misery it was to my young heart to believe that day by day what I had learned, and thought, and delighted in, and raised my fancy and my emulation up by, would pass away from me, little by little, never to be brought back any more; cannot be written.

As often as Mick Walker went away in the course of that forenoon, I mingled my tears with the water in which I was washing the bottles; and sobbed as if there were a flaw in my own breast, and it were in danger of bursting.

flaw - défaut, félure

The counting-house clock was at half past twelve, and there was general preparation for going to dinner, when Mr. Quinion tapped at the counting-house window, and beckoned to me to go in.

beckoned - fait signe, faire signe

I went in, and found there a stoutish, middle-aged person, in a brown surtout and black tights and shoes, with no more hair upon his head (which was a large one, and very shining) than there is upon an egg, and with a very extensive face, which he turned full upon me. His clothes were shabby, but he had an imposing shirt-collar on.

stoutish - robuste

surtout - surtout

He carried a jaunty sort of a stick, with a large pair of rusty tassels to it; and a quizzing-glass hung outside his coat,"for ornament, I afterwards found, as he very seldom looked through it, and couldn't see anything when he did.

quizzing - quizzing, (quiz), quiz

ornament - ornement, ornement musical

'This,'said Mr. Quinion, in allusion to myself, 'is he.'

'This,'said the stranger, with a certain condescending roll in his voice, and a certain indescribable air of doing something genteel, which impressed me very much, 'is Master Copperfield. I hope I see you well, sir?'

indescribable - indescriptible

genteel - gentillesse, a la mode

I said I was very well, and hoped he was. I was sufficiently ill at ease, Heaven knows; but it was not in my nature to complain much at that time of my life, so I said I was very well, and hoped he was.

'I am,'said the stranger, 'thank Heaven, quite well. I have received a letter from Mr.

Murdstone, in which he mentions that he would desire me to receive into an apartment in the rear of my house, which is at present unoccupied"and is, in short, to be let as a"in short,'said the stranger, with a smile and in a burst of confidence, 'as a bedroom"the young beginner whom I have now the pleasure to"'and the stranger waved his hand, and settled his chin in his shirt-collar.

rear - arriere, verso, élever

unoccupied - inoccupé

beginner - débutant, débutante

'This is Mr. Micawber,'said Mr. Quinion to me.

Micawber - Micawber

'Ahem!'said the stranger, 'that is my name.'

Ahem - ahem

'Mr. Micawber,'said Mr. Quinion, 'is known to Mr. Murdstone. He takes orders for us on commission, when he can get any. He has been written to by Mr. Murdstone, on the subject of your lodgings, and he will receive you as a lodger.'

lodgings - logements, logement, hébergement, verse

lodger - locataire, sows locataire

'My address,'said Mr. Micawber, 'is Windsor Terrace, City Road. I"in short,'said Mr. Micawber, with the same genteel air, and in another burst of confidence"'I live there.'

terrace - toit-terrasse, terrasse, gradins

I made him a bow.

'Under the impression,'said Mr. Micawber, 'that your peregrinations in this metropolis have not as yet been extensive, and that you might have some difficulty in penetrating the arcana of the Modern Babylon in the direction of the City Road,"in short,'said Mr.

metropolis - métropole

penetrating - pénétrant, pénétrer

Babylon - Babylone

Micawber, in another burst of confidence, 'that you might lose yourself"I shall be happy to call this evening, and install you in the knowledge of the nearest way.'

I thanked him with all my heart, for it was friendly in him to offer to take that trouble.

'At what hour,'said Mr. Micawber, 'shall I"'

'At about eight,'said Mr. Quinion.

'At about eight,'said Mr. Micawber. 'I beg to wish you good day, Mr. Quinion. I will intrude no longer.'

intrude - s'immiscer, faire intrusion, etre importun

So he put on his hat, and went out with his cane under his arm: very upright, and humming a tune when he was clear of the counting-house.

Mr. Quinion then formally engaged me to be as useful as I could in the warehouse of Murdstone and Grinby, at a salary, I think, of six shillings a week. I am not clear whether it was six or seven. I am inclined to believe, from my uncertainty on this head, that it was six at first and seven afterwards.

He paid me a week down (from his own pocket, I believe), and I gave Mealy sixpence out of it to get my trunk carried to Windsor Terrace that night: it being too heavy for my strength, small as it was. I paid sixpence more for my dinner, which was a meat pie and a turn at a neighbouring pump; and passed the hour which was allowed for that meal, in walking about the streets.

meat pie - tarte a la viande

At the appointed time in the evening, Mr. Micawber reappeared. I washed my hands and face, to do the greater honour to his gentility, and we walked to our house, as I suppose I must now call it, together; Mr. Micawber impressing the name of streets, and the shapes of corner houses upon me, as we went along, that I might find my way back, easily, in the morning.

appointed - nommés, fixer, gloss

Arrived at this house in Windsor Terrace (which I noticed was shabby like himself, but also, like himself, made all the show it could), he presented me to Mrs. Micawber, a thin and faded lady, not at all young, who was sitting in the parlour (the first floor was altogether unfurnished, and the blinds were kept down to delude the neighbours), with a baby at her breast.

faded - fanée, mode, lubie

delude - illusionner, tricher, tromper

This baby was one of twins; and I may remark here that I hardly ever, in all my experience of the family, saw both the twins detached from Mrs. Micawber at the same time. One of them was always taking refreshment.

There were two other children; Master Micawber, aged about four, and Miss Micawber, aged about three. These, and a dark-complexioned young woman, with a habit of snorting, who was servant to the family, and informed me, before half an hour had expired, that she was 'a Orfling', and came from St. Luke's workhouse, in the neighbourhood, completed the establishment.

complexioned - teint, complexion

Luke - luke, Luc

workhouse - l'hospice

My room was at the top of the house, at the back: a close chamber; stencilled all over with an ornament which my young imagination represented as a blue muffin; and very scantily furnished.

chamber - chambre, piece, salle

stencilled - au pochoir, pochoir

muffin - muffin

scantily - chiche

furnished - meublé, meubler, fournir, livrer

'I never thought,'said Mrs. Micawber, when she came up, twin and all, to show me the apartment, and sat down to take breath, 'before I was married, when I lived with papa and mama, that I should ever find it necessary to take a lodger. But Mr. Micawber being in difficulties, all considerations of private feeling must give way.'

papa - papa

I said: 'Yes, ma'am.'

'Mr. Micawber's difficulties are almost overwhelming just at present,'said Mrs. Micawber; 'and whether it is possible to bring him through them, I don't know. When I lived at home with papa and mama, I really should have hardly understood what the word meant, in the sense in which I now employ it, but experientia does it,"as papa used to say.'

overwhelming - écrasante, abreuver, accabler, envahir

I cannot satisfy myself whether she told me that Mr. Micawber had been an officer in the Marines, or whether I have imagined it. I only know that I believe to this hour that he WAS in the Marines once upon a time, without knowing why. He was a sort of town traveller for a number of miscellaneous houses, now; but made little or nothing of it, I am afraid.

marines - marines, marin, maritime, marinier

miscellaneous - divers

'If Mr. Micawber's creditors will not give him time,'said Mrs. Micawber, 'they must take the consequences; and the sooner they bring it to an issue the better. Blood cannot be obtained from a stone, neither can anything on account be obtained at present (not to mention law expenses) from Mr. Micawber.'

creditors - les créanciers, créancier, créanciere

I never can quite understand whether my precocious self-dependence confused Mrs. Micawber in reference to my age, or whether she was so full of the subject that she would have talked about it to the very twins if there had been nobody else to communicate with, but this was the strain in which she began, and she went on accordingly all the time I knew her.

precocious - précoce

dependence - dépendance

Poor Mrs. Micawber! She said she had tried to exert herself, and so, I have no doubt, she had. The centre of the street door was perfectly covered with a great brass-plate, on which was engraved 'Mrs.

exert - exercer

engraved - gravé, graver

Micawber's Boarding Establishment for Young Ladies': but I never found that any young lady had ever been to school there; or that any young lady ever came, or proposed to come; or that the least preparation was ever made to receive any young lady. The only visitors I ever saw, or heard of, were creditors. THEY used to come at all hours, and some of them were quite ferocious.

One dirty-faced man, I think he was a boot-maker, used to edge himself into the passage as early as seven o'clock in the morning, and call up the stairs to Mr. Micawber"'Come! You ain't out yet, you know. Pay us, will you? Don't hide, you know; that's mean. I wouldn't be mean if I was you. Pay us, will you? You just pay us, d'ye hear? Come!

Maker - le fabricant, faiseur, fabricant, créateur

'Receiving no answer to these taunts, he would mount in his wrath to the words 'swindlers'and 'robbers'; and these being ineffectual too, would sometimes go to the extremity of crossing the street, and roaring up at the windows of the second floor, where he knew Mr. Micawber was. At these times, Mr.

taunts - des railleries, accabler de sarcasmes

wrath - colere, fureur, courroux, ire, colere

swindlers - des escrocs, escroc, aigrefin, margoulin

ineffectual - inefficace

extremity - l'extrémité, extrémité

Micawber would be transported with grief and mortification, even to the length (as I was once made aware by a scream from his wife) of making motions at himself with a razor; but within half-an-hour afterwards, he would polish up his shoes with extraordinary pains, and go out, humming a tune with a greater air of gentility than ever. Mrs. Micawber was quite as elastic.

mortification - mortification

razor - rasoir

polish - polish, polonais

elastic - élastique

I have known her to be thrown into fainting fits by the king's taxes at three o'clock, and to eat lamb chops, breaded, and drink warm ale (paid for with two tea-spoons that had gone to the pawnbroker's) at four.

Fainting - l'évanouissement, syncope

pawnbroker - preteur sur gages, preteur sur gages, preteuse sur gages

On one occasion, when an execution had just been put in, coming home through some chance as early as six o'clock, I saw her lying (of course with a twin) under the grate in a swoon, with her hair all torn about her face; but I never knew her more cheerful than she was, that very same night, over a veal cutlet before the kitchen fire, telling me stories about her papa and mama, and the company they used to keep.

grate - grilles, grille, crisser, grincer, râper

swoon - se pâmer, s'évanouir

more cheerful - plus joyeux

veal - veau

cutlet - l'escalope, côtelette

In this house, and with this family, I passed my leisure time. My own exclusive breakfast of a penny loaf and a pennyworth of milk, I provided myself. I kept another small loaf, and a modicum of cheese, on a particular shelf of a particular cupboard, to make my supper on when I came back at night.

exclusive - exclusive, exclusif

Pennyworth - pennyworth

modicum - minimum, modicum, montant modique

This made a hole in the six or seven shillings, I know well; and I was out at the warehouse all day, and had to support myself on that money all the week. From Monday morning until Saturday night, I had no advice, no counsel, no encouragement, no consolation, no assistance, no support, of any kind, from anyone, that I can call to mind, as I hope to go to heaven!

counsel - conseil, expertise, plan, projet, conseiller

I was so young and childish, and so little qualified"how could I be otherwise?"to undertake the whole charge of my own existence, that often, in going to Murdstone and Grinby's, of a morning, I could not resist the stale pastry put out for sale at half-price at the pastrycooks'doors, and spent in that the money I should have kept for my dinner.

Then, I went without my dinner, or bought a roll or a slice of pudding. I remember two pudding shops, between which I was divided, according to my finances. One was in a court close to St. Martin's Church"at the back of the church,"which is now removed altogether.

Martin - martin

The pudding at that shop was made of currants, and was rather a special pudding, but was dear, twopennyworth not being larger than a pennyworth of more ordinary pudding. A good shop for the latter was in the Strand"somewhere in that part which has been rebuilt since. It was a stout pale pudding, heavy and flabby, and with great flat raisins in it, stuck in whole at wide distances apart.

currants - des raisins de corinthe, raisin de Corinthe, groseille

twopennyworth - twopennyworth

more ordinary - plus ordinaire

Strand - strand, cordon

flabby - flasque, ramolli

raisins - des raisins secs, raisin sec

It came up hot at about my time every day, and many a day did I dine off it. When I dined regularly and handsomely, I had a saveloy and a penny loaf, or a fourpenny plate of red beef from a cook's shop; or a plate of bread and cheese and a glass of beer, from a miserable old public-house opposite our place of business, called the Lion, or the Lion and something else that I have forgotten.

saveloy - cervelas

fourpenny - quatre sous

Once, I remember carrying my own bread (which I had brought from home in the morning) under my arm, wrapped in a piece of paper, like a book, and going to a famous alamode beef-house near Drury Lane, and ordering a 'small plate'of that delicacy to eat with it.

alamode - alamode

delicacy - délicatesse, gourmandise

What the waiter thought of such a strange little apparition coming in all alone, I don't know; but I can see him now, staring at me as I ate my dinner, and bringing up the other waiter to look. I gave him a halfpenny for himself, and I wish he hadn't taken it.

apparition - apparition

We had half-an-hour, I think, for tea. When I had money enough, I used to get half-a-pint of ready-made coffee and a slice of bread and butter. When I had none, I used to look at a venison shop in Fleet Street; or I have strolled, at such a time, as far as Covent Garden Market, and stared at the pineapples.

venison - du chevreuil, viande de biche, venaison, gibier

Fleet - la flotte, flotte

Covent - covent

pineapples - ananas

I was fond of wandering about the Adelphi, because it was a mysterious place, with those dark arches. I see myself emerging one evening from some of these arches, on a little public-house close to the river, with an open space before it, where some coal-heavers were dancing; to look at whom I sat down upon a bench. I wonder what they thought of me!

arches - arcs, voute, arche

space before - l'espace avant

Bench - banc, établi, banquette

I was such a child, and so little, that frequently when I went into the bar of a strange public-house for a glass of ale or porter, to moisten what I had had for dinner, they were afraid to give it me. I remember one hot evening I went into the bar of a public-house, and said to the landlord: 'What is your best"your very best"ale a glass?'For it was a special occasion. I don't know what.

moisten - humidifier, mouiller

landlord - propriétaire, patron

It may have been my birthday.

'Twopence-halfpenny,'says the landlord, 'is the price of the Genuine Stunning ale.'

'Then,'says I, producing the money, 'just draw me a glass of the Genuine Stunning, if you please, with a good head to it.'


The landlord looked at me in return over the bar, from head to foot, with a strange smile on his face; and instead of drawing the beer, looked round the screen and said something to his wife. She came out from behind it, with her work in her hand, and joined him in surveying me. Here we stand, all three, before me now.

The landlord in his shirt-sleeves, leaning against the bar window-frame; his wife looking over the little half-door; and I, in some confusion, looking up at them from outside the partition. They asked me a good many questions; as, what my name was, how old I was, where I lived, how I was employed, and how I came there.

partition - partition, division, checkséparation, checkpartition

To all of which, that I might commit nobody, I invented, I am afraid, appropriate answers. They served me with the ale, though I suspect it was not the Genuine Stunning; and the landlord's wife, opening the little half-door of the bar, and bending down, gave me my money back, and gave me a kiss that was half admiring and half compassionate, but all womanly and good, I am sure.

bending down - en se baissant

compassionate - compatissant

womanly - féminine, féminin

I know I do not exaggerate, unconsciously and unintentionally, the scantiness of my resources or the difficulties of my life. I know that if a shilling were given me by Mr. Quinion at any time, I spent it in a dinner or a tea. I know that I worked, from morning until night, with common men and boys, a shabby child. I know that I lounged about the streets, insufficiently and unsatisfactorily fed.

unintentionally - involontairement

scantiness - manque d'argent

insufficiently - insuffisamment

unsatisfactorily - de maniere insatisfaisante

fed - alimentée, alimentées, alimenterent

I know that, but for the mercy of God, I might easily have been, for any care that was taken of me, a little robber or a little vagabond.

robber - voleur, brigand, bandit

vagabond - vagabond, vagabonde

Yet I held some station at Murdstone and Grinby's too. Besides that Mr. Quinion did what a careless man so occupied, and dealing with a thing so anomalous, could, to treat me as one upon a different footing from the rest, I never said, to man or boy, how it was that I came to be there, or gave the least indication of being sorry that I was there.

anomalous - anormal

That I suffered in secret, and that I suffered exquisitely, no one ever knew but I. How much I suffered, it is, as I have said already, utterly beyond my power to tell. But I kept my own counsel, and I did my work. I knew from the first, that, if I could not do my work as well as any of the rest, I could not hold myself above slight and contempt.

exquisitely - de maniere exquise

contempt - le mépris, mépris, outrage

I soon became at least as expeditious and as skilful as either of the other boys. Though perfectly familiar with them, my conduct and manner were different enough from theirs to place a space between us. They and the men generally spoke of me as 'the little gent', or 'the young Suffolker.

expeditious - rapide

skilful - pu

gent - gent

'A certain man named Gregory, who was foreman of the packers, and another named Tipp, who was the carman, and wore a red jacket, used to address me sometimes as 'David': but I think it was mostly when we were very confidential, and when I had made some efforts to entertain them, over our work, with some results of the old readings; which were fast perishing out of my remembrance.

Gregory - grégoire

foreman - chef, chef d'équipe, contremaître

packers - packers, emballeur, emballeuse

confidential - confidentiel

readings - lectures, lecture

perishing - en voie de disparition, périr

Mealy Potatoes uprose once, and rebelled against my being so distinguished; but Mick Walker settled him in no time.

rebelled - s'est rebellé, rebelle

My rescue from this kind of existence I considered quite hopeless, and abandoned, as such, altogether. I am solemnly convinced that I never for one hour was reconciled to it, or was otherwise than miserably unhappy; but I bore it; and even to Peggotty, partly for the love of her and partly for shame, never in any letter (though many passed between us) revealed the truth.

rescue from - sauver de

reconciled - réconciliés, réconcilier, concilier

miserably - misérablement

Mr. Micawber's difficulties were an addition to the distressed state of my mind. In my forlorn state I became quite attached to the family, and used to walk about, busy with Mrs. Micawber's calculations of ways and means, and heavy with the weight of Mr. Micawber's debts.

calculations - calculs, calcul

On a Saturday night, which was my grand treat,"partly because it was a great thing to walk home with six or seven shillings in my pocket, looking into the shops and thinking what such a sum would buy, and partly because I went home early,"Mrs.

Micawber would make the most heart-rending confidences to me; also on a Sunday morning, when I mixed the portion of tea or coffee I had bought over-night, in a little shaving-pot, and sat late at my breakfast. It was nothing at all unusual for Mr.

rending - l'équarrissage, rompre, déchirer

Micawber to sob violently at the beginning of one of these Saturday night conversations, and sing about Jack's delight being his lovely Nan, towards the end of it.

violently - violemment

Jack - Jeannot, Jacques, Jacob, Jack

nan - nan, mamie

I have known him come home to supper with a flood of tears, and a declaration that nothing was now left but a jail; and go to bed making a calculation of the expense of putting bow-windows to the house, 'in case anything turned up', which was his favourite expression. And Mrs. Micawber was just the same.

calculation - calcul

A curious equality of friendship, originating, I suppose, in our respective circumstances, sprung up between me and these people, notwithstanding the ludicrous disparity in our years.

equality - l'égalité, égalité

originating - a l'origine, instituer, prendre sa source

respective - respectifs

ludicrous - ridicule

disparity - disparité

But I never allowed myself to be prevailed upon to accept any invitation to eat and drink with them out of their stock (knowing that they got on badly with the butcher and baker, and had often not too much for themselves), until Mrs. Micawber took me into her entire confidence. This she did one evening as follows:

prevailed - a prévalu, dominer, prévaloir, l'emporter, prédominer

'Master Copperfield,'said Mrs. Micawber, 'I make no stranger of you, and therefore do not hesitate to say that Mr. Micawber's difficulties are coming to a crisis.'

coming to a crisis - atteindre un point critique

It made me very miserable to hear it, and I looked at Mrs. Micawber's red eyes with the utmost sympathy.

'With the exception of the heel of a Dutch cheese"which is not adapted to the wants of a young family'"said Mrs. Micawber, 'there is really not a scrap of anything in the larder. I was accustomed to speak of the larder when I lived with papa and mama, and I use the word almost unconsciously. What I mean to express is, that there is nothing to eat in the house.'

scrap - de la ferraille, ferraille, chiffon, mettre au rebut

larder - garde-manger, cellier

'Dear me!'I said, in great concern.

I had two or three shillings of my week's money in my pocket"from which I presume that it must have been on a Wednesday night when we held this conversation"and I hastily produced them, and with heartfelt emotion begged Mrs. Micawber to accept of them as a loan. But that lady, kissing me, and making me put them back in my pocket, replied that she couldn't think of it.

presume - présumer, supposer

heartfelt - sincere, sincere

'No, my dear Master Copperfield,'said she, 'far be it from my thoughts! But you have a discretion beyond your years, and can render me another kind of service, if you will; and a service I will thankfully accept of.'

discretion - discrétion

render - l'équarrissage, rendre

I begged Mrs. Micawber to name it.

'I have parted with the plate myself,'said Mrs. Micawber. 'Six tea, two salt, and a pair of sugars, I have at different times borrowed money on, in secret, with my own hands. But the twins are a great tie; and to me, with my recollections, of papa and mama, these transactions are very painful. There are still a few trifles that we could part with. Mr.

Micawber's feelings would never allow him to dispose of them; and Clickett'"this was the girl from the workhouse"'being of a vulgar mind, would take painful liberties if so much confidence was reposed in her. Master Copperfield, if I might ask you"'

dispose - débarrasser

vulgar - vulgaire, obscene

liberties - libertés, liberté

reposed - reposé, repos

I understood Mrs. Micawber now, and begged her to make use of me to any extent. I began to dispose of the more portable articles of property that very evening; and went out on a similar expedition almost every morning, before I went to Murdstone and Grinby's.

more portable - plus portable

Mr. Micawber had a few books on a little chiffonier, which he called the library; and those went first. I carried them, one after another, to a bookstall in the City Road"one part of which, near our house, was almost all bookstalls and bird shops then"and sold them for whatever they would bring.

chiffonier - chiffonnier

bookstall - le centre de documentation

The keeper of this bookstall, who lived in a little house behind it, used to get tipsy every night, and to be violently scolded by his wife every morning.

keeper - gardien, gardienne, perle, conservateur, conservatrice

get tipsy - etre pompette

scolded - grondé, chipie, furie, mégere, gronder, réprimander, tancer

More than once, when I went there early, I had audience of him in a turn-up bedstead, with a cut in his forehead or a black eye, bearing witness to his excesses over-night (I am afraid he was quarrelsome in his drink), and he, with a shaking hand, endeavouring to find the needful shillings in one or other of the pockets of his clothes, which lay upon the floor, while his wife, with a baby in her arms and her shoes down at heel, never left off rating him. Sometimes he had lost his money, and then he would ask me to call again; but his wife had always got some"had taken his, I dare say, while he was drunk"and secretly completed the bargain on the stairs, as we went down together. At the pawnbroker's shop, too, I began to be very well known. The principal gentleman who officiated behind the counter, took a good deal of notice of me; and often got me, I recollect, to decline a Latin noun or adjective, or to conjugate a Latin verb, in his ear, while he transacted my business. After all these occasions Mrs. Micawber made a little treat, which was generally a supper; and there was a peculiar relish in these meals which I well remember.

excesses - des exces, exces, franchise, en exces, en trop, excessif

quarrelsome - querelleur

needful - nécessaire

noun - noun, nom, nom substantif

adjective - nom adjectif, adjectiver, adjectiviser, adjectivaliser

conjugate - conjuguer

transacted - transacté, traiter

At last Mr. Micawber's difficulties came to a crisis, and he was arrested early one morning, and carried over to the King's Bench Prison in the Borough. He told me, as he went out of the house, that the God of day had now gone down upon him"and I really thought his heart was broken and mine too. But I heard, afterwards, that he was seen to play a lively game at skittles, before noon.

skittles - des quilles, quille

On the first Sunday after he was taken there, I was to go and see him, and have dinner with him. I was to ask my way to such a place, and just short of that place I should see such another place, and just short of that I should see a yard, which I was to cross, and keep straight on until I saw a turnkey. All this I did; and when at last I did see a turnkey (poor little fellow that I was!

taken there - pris la-bas

keep straight on - continuer tout droit

turnkey - clé en main, clés en main

), and thought how, when Roderick Random was in a debtors'prison, there was a man there with nothing on him but an old rug, the turnkey swam before my dimmed eyes and my beating heart.

debtors - débiteurs, débiteur, débitrice

rug - tapis, couverture

dimmed - diminué, faible, vague

Mr. Micawber was waiting for me within the gate, and we went up to his room (top story but one), and cried very much. He solemnly conjured me, I remember, to take warning by his fate; and to observe that if a man had twenty pounds a-year for his income, and spent nineteen pounds nineteen shillings and sixpence, he would be happy, but that if he spent twenty pounds one he would be miserable.

After which he borrowed a shilling of me for porter, gave me a written order on Mrs. Micawber for the amount, and put away his pocket-handkerchief, and cheered up.

cheered up - encouragé

We sat before a little fire, with two bricks put within the rusted grate, one on each side, to prevent its burning too many coals; until another debtor, who shared the room with Mr. Micawber, came in from the bakehouse with the loin of mutton which was our joint-stock repast. Then I was sent up to 'Captain Hopkins'in the room overhead, with Mr.

rusted - rouillé, rouille

debtor - débiteur, débitrice

bakehouse - le fournil, fournil

loin - longe, lombes, filet (in US), côtes premieres (in UK)

joint-stock - (joint-stock) Société par actions

repast - repas

Micawber's compliments, and I was his young friend, and would Captain Hopkins lend me a knife and fork.

Captain Hopkins lent me the knife and fork, with his compliments to Mr. Micawber. There was a very dirty lady in his little room, and two wan girls, his daughters, with shock heads of hair. I thought it was better to borrow Captain Hopkins's knife and fork, than Captain Hopkins's comb.

wan - wan, pâle, blafard

comb - peigne, peignent, peigner, peignons, peignez

The Captain himself was in the last extremity of shabbiness, with large whiskers, and an old, old brown great-coat with no other coat below it.

I saw his bed rolled up in a corner; and what plates and dishes and pots he had, on a shelf; and I divined (God knows how) that though the two girls with the shock heads of hair were Captain Hopkins's children, the dirty lady was not married to Captain Hopkins.

divined - diviné, divin

My timid station on his threshold was not occupied more than a couple of minutes at most; but I came down again with all this in my knowledge, as surely as the knife and fork were in my hand.

There was something gipsy-like and agreeable in the dinner, after all. I took back Captain Hopkins's knife and fork early in the afternoon, and went home to comfort Mrs. Micawber with an account of my visit. She fainted when she saw me return, and made a little jug of egg-hot afterwards to console us while we talked it over.

gipsy - Gipsy

took back - a repris

console - console, consolons, consolent, consoler, consolez

I don't know how the household furniture came to be sold for the family benefit, or who sold it, except that I did not. Sold it was, however, and carried away in a van; except the bed, a few chairs, and the kitchen table. With these possessions we encamped, as it were, in the two parlours of the emptied house in Windsor Terrace; Mrs.

Micawber, the children, the Orfling, and myself; and lived in those rooms night and day. I have no idea for how long, though it seems to me for a long time. At last Mrs. Micawber resolved to move into the prison, where Mr. Micawber had now secured a room to himself.

So I took the key of the house to the landlord, who was very glad to get it; and the beds were sent over to the King's Bench, except mine, for which a little room was hired outside the walls in the neighbourhood of that Institution, very much to my satisfaction, since the Micawbers and I had become too used to one another, in our troubles, to part.

The Orfling was likewise accommodated with an inexpensive lodging in the same neighbourhood. Mine was a quiet back-garret with a sloping roof, commanding a pleasant prospect of a timberyard; and when I took possession of it, with the reflection that Mr. Micawber's troubles had come to a crisis at last, I thought it quite a paradise.

inexpensive - peu couteux

garret - garret, galetas

timberyard - le parc a bois

paradise - le paradis, paradis, cieux

All this time I was working at Murdstone and Grinby's in the same common way, and with the same common companions, and with the same sense of unmerited degradation as at first. But I never, happily for me no doubt, made a single acquaintance, or spoke to any of the many boys whom I saw daily in going to the warehouse, in coming from it, and in prowling about the streets at meal-times.

unmerited - non méritée

degradation - dégradation

I led the same secretly unhappy life; but I led it in the same lonely, self-reliant manner. The only changes I am conscious of are, firstly, that I had grown more shabby, and secondly, that I was now relieved of much of the weight of Mr. and Mrs.

reliant - dépendante, dépendant

Micawber's cares; for some relatives or friends had engaged to help them at their present pass, and they lived more comfortably in the prison than they had lived for a long while out of it. I used to breakfast with them now, in virtue of some arrangement, of which I have forgotten the details.

I forget, too, at what hour the gates were opened in the morning, admitting of my going in; but I know that I was often up at six o'clock, and that my favourite lounging-place in the interval was old London Bridge, where I was wont to sit in one of the stone recesses, watching the people going by, or to look over the balustrades at the sun shining in the water, and lighting up the golden flame on the top of the Monument. The Orfling met me here sometimes, to be told some astonishing fictions respecting the wharves and the Tower; of which I can say no more than that I hope I believed them myself. In the evening I used to go back to the prison, and walk up and down the parade with Mr. Micawber; or play casino with Mrs. Micawber, and hear reminiscences of her papa and mama. Whether Mr. Murdstone knew where I was, I am unable to say. I never told them at Murdstone and Grinby's.

recesses - les récréations, reces, vacances-p, récréation, récré, pause

balustrades - les balustrades, balustrade

wharves - quais, quai, appontement, fr

Casino - casino

reminiscences - des réminiscences, réminiscence


Micawber's affairs, although past their crisis, were very much involved by reason of a certain 'Deed', of which I used to hear a great deal, and which I suppose, now, to have been some former composition with his creditors, though I was so far from being clear about it then, that I am conscious of having confounded it with those demoniacal parchments which are held to have, once upon a time, obtained to a great extent in Germany. At last this document appeared to be got out of the way, somehow; at all events it ceased to be the rock-ahead it had been; and Mrs. Micawber informed me that 'her family'had decided that Mr. Micawber should apply for his release under the Insolvent Debtors Act, which would set him free, she expected, in about six weeks.

deed - acte, action, ouvre, exploit, haut fait, (dee)

demoniacal - démoniaque

parchments - parchemins, parchemin, vélin

insolvent - insolvable

'And then,'said Mr. Micawber, who was present, 'I have no doubt I shall, please Heaven, begin to be beforehand with the world, and to live in a perfectly new manner, if"in short, if anything turns up.'

By way of going in for anything that might be on the cards, I call to mind that Mr. Micawber, about this time, composed a petition to the House of Commons, praying for an alteration in the law of imprisonment for debt.

alteration - modification, altération, altérer

I set down this remembrance here, because it is an instance to myself of the manner in which I fitted my old books to my altered life, and made stories for myself, out of the streets, and out of men and women; and how some main points in the character I shall unconsciously develop, I suppose, in writing my life, were gradually forming all this while.

There was a club in the prison, in which Mr. Micawber, as a gentleman, was a great authority. Mr. Micawber had stated his idea of this petition to the club, and the club had strongly approved of the same. Wherefore Mr.

wherefore - pourquoi, d'ou

Micawber (who was a thoroughly good-natured man, and as active a creature about everything but his own affairs as ever existed, and never so happy as when he was busy about something that could never be of any profit to him) set to work at the petition, invented it, engrossed it on an immense sheet of paper, spread it out on a table, and appointed a time for all the club, and all within the walls if they chose, to come up to his room and sign it.

engrossed - absorbé, grossoyer, accaparer, rafler, s'emparer de

When I heard of this approaching ceremony, I was so anxious to see them all come in, one after another, though I knew the greater part of them already, and they me, that I got an hour's leave of absence from Murdstone and Grinby's, and established myself in a corner for that purpose. As many of the principal members of the club as could be got into the small room without filling it, supported Mr.

Micawber in front of the petition, while my old friend Captain Hopkins (who had washed himself, to do honour to so solemn an occasion) stationed himself close to it, to read it to all who were unacquainted with its contents. The door was then thrown open, and the general population began to come in, in a long file: several waiting outside, while one entered, affixed his signature, and went out.

unacquainted - pas connu

affixed - apposé, affixe

To everybody in succession, Captain Hopkins said: 'Have you read it?'"'No.'"-'Would you like to hear it read?'If he weakly showed the least disposition to hear it, Captain Hopkins, in a loud sonorous voice, gave him every word of it. The Captain would have read it twenty thousand times, if twenty thousand people would have heard him, one by one.

succession - succession

weakly - souffreteuxse

sonorous - sonore

I remember a certain luscious roll he gave to such phrases as 'The people's representatives in Parliament assembled,''Your petitioners therefore humbly approach your honourable house,''His gracious Majesty's unfortunate subjects,'as if the words were something real in his mouth, and delicious to taste; Mr.

petitioners - les pétitionnaires, pétitionnaire

Majesty - majesté

Micawber, meanwhile, listening with a little of an author's vanity, and contemplating (not severely) the spikes on the opposite wall.

contemplating - contempler, envisager, étudier

spikes - des pointes, clou, pointe, pieu, pic, pique, épi, crampons-p

As I walked to and fro daily between Southwark and Blackfriars, and lounged about at meal-times in obscure streets, the stones of which may, for anything I know, be worn at this moment by my childish feet, I wonder how many of these people were wanting in the crowd that used to come filing before me in review again, to the echo of Captain Hopkins's voice!

obscure - obscure, obscur, sibyllin, obscurcir

Echo - echo, écho

When my thoughts go back, now, to that slow agony of my youth, I wonder how much of the histories I invented for such people hangs like a mist of fancy over well-remembered facts! When I tread the old ground, I do not wonder that I seem to see and pity, going on before me, an innocent romantic boy, making his imaginative world out of such strange experiences and sordid things!

imaginative - imaginatif

sordid - saleté, sordide, avide, crapuleux (1, 3)


In due time, Mr. Micawber's petition was ripe for hearing; and that gentleman was ordered to be discharged under the Act, to my great joy. His creditors were not implacable; and Mrs. Micawber informed me that even the revengeful boot-maker had declared in open court that he bore him no malice, but that when money was owing to him he liked to be paid. He said he thought it was human nature.

ripe - mur, pruine

discharged - déchargée, licenciement, débit

implacable - implacable

revengeful - vengeur

Mr. Micawber returned to the King's Bench when his case was over, as some fees were to be settled, and some formalities observed, before he could be actually released. The club received him with transport, and held an harmonic meeting that evening in his honour; while Mrs. Micawber and I had a lamb's fry in private, surrounded by the sleeping family.

formalities - des formalités, formalité

harmonic - harmonique, harmonieux, mélodieux, mélodique

'On such an occasion I will give you, Master Copperfield,'said Mrs. Micawber, 'in a little more flip,'for we had been having some already, 'the memory of my papa and mama.'

flip - flip, lancer (en l'air), retourner

'Are they dead, ma'am?'I inquired, after drinking the toast in a wine-glass.

'My mama departed this life,'said Mrs. Micawber, 'before Mr. Micawber's difficulties commenced, or at least before they became pressing. My papa lived to bail Mr. Micawber several times, and then expired, regretted by a numerous circle.'

bail - la caution, caution

Mrs. Micawber shook her head, and dropped a pious tear upon the twin who happened to be in hand.

pious - pieux

As I could hardly hope for a more favourable opportunity of putting a question in which I had a near interest, I said to Mrs. Micawber:

more favourable - plus favorable

'May I ask, ma'am, what you and Mr. Micawber intend to do, now that Mr. Micawber is out of his difficulties, and at liberty? Have you settled yet?'

'My family,'said Mrs. Micawber, who always said those two words with an air, though I never could discover who came under the denomination, 'my family are of opinion that Mr. Micawber should quit London, and exert his talents in the country. Mr. Micawber is a man of great talent, Master Copperfield.'

denomination - dénomination, désignation

I said I was sure of that.

'Of great talent,'repeated Mrs. Micawber. 'My family are of opinion, that, with a little interest, something might be done for a man of his ability in the custom house. The influence of my family being local, it is their wish that Mr. Micawber should go down to Plymouth. They think it indispensable that he should be upon the spot.'

custom house - Bureau de douane

indispensable - indispensable

'That he may be ready?'I suggested.

'Exactly,'returned Mrs. Micawber. 'That he may be ready"in case of anything turning up.'

'And do you go too, ma'am?'

The events of the day, in combination with the twins, if not with the flip, had made Mrs. Micawber hysterical, and she shed tears as she replied:

hysterical - hystérique

'I never will desert Mr. Micawber. Mr. Micawber may have concealed his difficulties from me in the first instance, but his sanguine temper may have led him to expect that he would overcome them.

Sanguine - sanguine

The pearl necklace and bracelets which I inherited from mama, have been disposed of for less than half their value; and the set of coral, which was the wedding gift of my papa, has been actually thrown away for nothing. But I never will desert Mr. Micawber. No!'cried Mrs. Micawber, more affected than before, 'I never will do it! It's of no use asking me!'

pearl - perle, joyau, perlure, parisienne, sédanoise

bracelets - bracelets, bracelet

coral - corail, corallien

more affected - plus touchés

I felt quite uncomfortable"as if Mrs. Micawber supposed I had asked her to do anything of the sort!"and sat looking at her in alarm.

'Mr. Micawber has his faults. I do not deny that he is improvident. I do not deny that he has kept me in the dark as to his resources and his liabilities both,'she went on, looking at the wall; 'but I never will desert Mr. Micawber!'

improvident - imprévoyante

liabilities - responsabilités, responsabilité, passif

Mrs. Micawber having now raised her voice into a perfect scream, I was so frightened that I ran off to the club-room, and disturbed Mr. Micawber in the act of presiding at a long table, and leading the chorus of

Gee up, Dobbin,

gee - gee

Dobbin - dobbin, carne

Gee ho, Dobbin,

Gee up, Dobbin,

Gee up, and gee ho"o"o!

"with the tidings that Mrs. Micawber was in an alarming state, upon which he immediately burst into tears, and came away with me with his waistcoat full of the heads and tails of shrimps, of which he had been partaking.

partaking - participer, (partake)

'Emma, my angel!'cried Mr. Micawber, running into the room; 'what is the matter?'

Emma - emma

'I never will desert you, Micawber!'she exclaimed.

'My life!'said Mr. Micawber, taking her in his arms. 'I am perfectly aware of it.'

'He is the parent of my children! He is the father of my twins! He is the husband of my affections,'cried Mrs. Micawber, struggling; 'and I ne"ver"will"desert Mr. Micawber!'

ne - NE

Mr. Micawber was so deeply affected by this proof of her devotion (as to me, I was dissolved in tears), that he hung over her in a passionate manner, imploring her to look up, and to be calm. But the more he asked Mrs. Micawber to look up, the more she fixed her eyes on nothing; and the more he asked her to compose herself, the more she wouldn't. Consequently Mr.

Dissolved - dissous, dissoudre

Micawber was soon so overcome, that he mingled his tears with hers and mine; until he begged me to do him the favour of taking a chair on the staircase, while he got her into bed. I would have taken my leave for the night, but he would not hear of my doing that until the strangers'bell should ring. So I sat at the staircase window, until he came out with another chair and joined me.

'How is Mrs. Micawber now, sir?'I said.

'Very low,'said Mr. Micawber, shaking his head; 'reaction. Ah, this has been a dreadful day! We stand alone now"everything is gone from us!'

Mr. Micawber pressed my hand, and groaned, and afterwards shed tears. I was greatly touched, and disappointed too, for I had expected that we should be quite gay on this happy and long-looked-for occasion. But Mr. and Mrs. Micawber were so used to their old difficulties, I think, that they felt quite shipwrecked when they came to consider that they were released from them.

groaned - gémi, râle, râlement, gémissement, grognement, grondement

shipwrecked - naufragés, épave, naufrage, naufrager

All their elasticity was departed, and I never saw them half so wretched as on this night; insomuch that when the bell rang, and Mr. Micawber walked with me to the lodge, and parted from me there with a blessing, I felt quite afraid to leave him by himself, he was so profoundly miserable.

elasticity - l'élasticité, élasticité

blessing - la bénédiction, bénédiction, grâce, troupeau, harde

But through all the confusion and lowness of spirits in which we had been, so unexpectedly to me, involved, I plainly discerned that Mr. and Mrs. Micawber and their family were going away from London, and that a parting between us was near at hand.

lowness - la dépression

unexpectedly - de maniere inattendue, surprenamment

discerned - discernée, discerner

It was in my walk home that night, and in the sleepless hours which followed when I lay in bed, that the thought first occurred to me"though I don't know how it came into my head"which afterwards shaped itself into a settled resolution.

sleepless - l'insomnie, insomniaque

I had grown to be so accustomed to the Micawbers, and had been so intimate with them in their distresses, and was so utterly friendless without them, that the prospect of being thrown upon some new shift for a lodging, and going once more among unknown people, was like being that moment turned adrift into my present life, with such a knowledge of it ready made as experience had given me.

distresses - des détresses, détresse

adrift - a la dérive, a la dérive

All the sensitive feelings it wounded so cruelly, all the shame and misery it kept alive within my breast, became more poignant as I thought of this; and I determined that the life was unendurable.

unendurable - insoutenable

That there was no hope of escape from it, unless the escape was my own act, I knew quite well. I rarely heard from Miss Murdstone, and never from Mr. Murdstone: but two or three parcels of made or mended clothes had come up for me, consigned to Mr. Quinion, and in each there was a scrap of paper to the effect that J. M. trusted D. C.

consigned - consigné, confier

was applying himself to business, and devoting himself wholly to his duties"not the least hint of my ever being anything else than the common drudge into which I was fast settling down.

wholly - entierement

drudge - drudge, larbin, sous-merde, moins-que-rien, valet, laquais

The very next day showed me, while my mind was in the first agitation of what it had conceived, that Mrs. Micawber had not spoken of their going away without warrant. They took a lodging in the house where I lived, for a week; at the expiration of which time they were to start for Plymouth. Mr. Micawber himself came down to the counting-house, in the afternoon, to tell Mr.

warrant - garantie, mandat, mandat de conformité

expiration - expiration

Quinion that he must relinquish me on the day of his departure, and to give me a high character, which I am sure I deserved. And Mr. Quinion, calling in Tipp the carman, who was a married man, and had a room to let, quartered me prospectively on him"by our mutual consent, as he had every reason to think; for I said nothing, though my resolution was now taken.

relinquish - abandonner, renoncer, lâcher, relâcher, laisser

I passed my evenings with Mr. and Mrs. Micawber, during the remaining term of our residence under the same roof; and I think we became fonder of one another as the time went on. On the last Sunday, they invited me to dinner; and we had a loin of pork and apple sauce, and a pudding.

I had bought a spotted wooden horse over-night as a parting gift to little Wilkins Micawber"that was the boy"and a doll for little Emma. I had also bestowed a shilling on the Orfling, who was about to be disbanded.

disbanded - dissous, démanteler, décommissionner, dissoudre

We had a very pleasant day, though we were all in a tender state about our approaching separation.

'I shall never, Master Copperfield,'said Mrs. Micawber, 'revert to the period when Mr. Micawber was in difficulties, without thinking of you. Your conduct has always been of the most delicate and obliging description. You have never been a lodger. You have been a friend.'

revert - revenir, conversion, retomber, retourner, redevenir, renvoyer

most delicate - le plus délicat

obliging - obligeant, imposer, obliger, rendre service

'My dear,'said Mr. Micawber; 'Copperfield,'for so he had been accustomed to call me, of late, 'has a heart to feel for the distresses of his fellow-creatures when they are behind a cloud, and a head to plan, and a hand to"in short, a general ability to dispose of such available property as could be made away with.'

I expressed my sense of this commendation, and said I was very sorry we were going to lose one another.

'My dear young friend,'said Mr. Micawber, 'I am older than you; a man of some experience in life, and"and of some experience, in short, in difficulties, generally speaking. At present, and until something turns up (which I am, I may say, hourly expecting), I have nothing to bestow but advice.

bestow - disposer de, accorder, remettre, conférer, donner en mariage

Still my advice is so far worth taking, that"in short, that I have never taken it myself, and am the'"here Mr. Micawber, who had been beaming and smiling, all over his head and face, up to the present moment, checked himself and frowned"'the miserable wretch you behold.'

beaming - la téléportation, (beam), madrier, poutre, merrain, perche

wretch - malheureux, malheureux/-euse

'My dear Micawber!'urged his wife.

'I say,'returned Mr. Micawber, quite forgetting himself, and smiling again, 'the miserable wretch you behold. My advice is, never do tomorrow what you can do today. Procrastination is the thief of time. Collar him!'

procrastination - la procrastination, procrastination

'My poor papa's maxim,'Mrs. Micawber observed.

maxim - maxime, sentence

'My dear,'said Mr. Micawber, 'your papa was very well in his way, and Heaven forbid that I should disparage him. Take him for all in all, we ne'er shall"in short, make the acquaintance, probably, of anybody else possessing, at his time of life, the same legs for gaiters, and able to read the same description of print, without spectacles.

er - er, euh

disparage - mésalliance, se mésallier, dénigrer

spectacles - lunettes, spectacle

But he applied that maxim to our marriage, my dear; and that was so far prematurely entered into, in consequence, that I never recovered the expense.'Mr. Micawber looked aside at Mrs. Micawber, and added: 'Not that I am sorry for it. Quite the contrary, my love.'After which, he was grave for a minute or so.

'My other piece of advice, Copperfield,'said Mr. Micawber, 'you know. Annual income twenty pounds, annual expenditure nineteen nineteen and six, result happiness. Annual income twenty pounds, annual expenditure twenty pounds ought and six, result misery. The blossom is blighted, the leaf is withered, the god of day goes down upon the dreary scene, and"and in short you are for ever floored.

expenditure - des dépenses, dépense

blighted - dégradé, fléau, rouille, cloque, abîmer, abîmé

withered - flétrie, (se) faner

As I am!'

To make his example the more impressive, Mr. Micawber drank a glass of punch with an air of great enjoyment and satisfaction, and whistled the College Hornpipe.

Punch - un coup de poing, poinçonnez, poinçonnent, poinçonner

whistled - sifflé, sifflet, siffler, sifflement, sifflements-p

hornpipe - hornpipe

I did not fail to assure him that I would store these precepts in my mind, though indeed I had no need to do so, for, at the time, they affected me visibly. Next morning I met the whole family at the coach office, and saw them, with a desolate heart, take their places outside, at the back.

precepts - préceptes, précepte

visibly - visiblement

'Master Copperfield,'said Mrs. Micawber, 'God bless you! I never can forget all that, you know, and I never would if I could.'

'Copperfield,'said Mr. Micawber, 'farewell! Every happiness and prosperity! If, in the progress of revolving years, I could persuade myself that my blighted destiny had been a warning to you, I should feel that I had not occupied another man's place in existence altogether in vain.

prosperity - la prospérité, prospérité

revolving - tournante, (revolve), retourner

destiny - destin, destinée, sort

In case of anything turning up (of which I am rather confident), I shall be extremely happy if it should be in my power to improve your prospects.'

I think, as Mrs. Micawber sat at the back of the coach, with the children, and I stood in the road looking wistfully at them, a mist cleared from her eyes, and she saw what a little creature I really was.

I think so, because she beckoned to me to climb up, with quite a new and motherly expression in her face, and put her arm round my neck, and gave me just such a kiss as she might have given to her own boy. I had barely time to get down again before the coach started, and I could hardly see the family for the handkerchiefs they waved. It was gone in a minute.

handkerchiefs - des mouchoirs, mouchoir

The Orfling and I stood looking vacantly at each other in the middle of the road, and then shook hands and said good-bye; she going back, I suppose, to St. Luke's workhouse, as I went to begin my weary day at Murdstone and Grinby's.

vacantly - vacante

But with no intention of passing many more weary days there. No. I had resolved to run away."-To go, by some means or other, down into the country, to the only relation I had in the world, and tell my story to my aunt, Miss Betsey. I have already observed that I don't know how this desperate idea came into my brain.

But, once there, it remained there; and hardened into a purpose than which I have never entertained a more determined purpose in my life. I am far from sure that I believed there was anything hopeful in it, but my mind was thoroughly made up that it must be carried into execution.

more determined - plus déterminé

hopeful - d'espoir, encourageant

Again, and again, and a hundred times again, since the night when the thought had first occurred to me and banished sleep, I had gone over that old story of my poor mother's about my birth, which it had been one of my great delights in the old time to hear her tell, and which I knew by heart.

banished - banni, bannir

My aunt walked into that story, and walked out of it, a dread and awful personage; but there was one little trait in her behaviour which I liked to dwell on, and which gave me some faint shadow of encouragement.

I could not forget how my mother had thought that she felt her touch her pretty hair with no ungentle hand; and though it might have been altogether my mother's fancy, and might have had no foundation whatever in fact, I made a little picture, out of it, of my terrible aunt relenting towards the girlish beauty that I recollected so well and loved so much, which softened the whole narrative.

softened - adoucie, adoucir

It is very possible that it had been in my mind a long time, and had gradually engendered my determination.

As I did not even know where Miss Betsey lived, I wrote a long letter to Peggotty, and asked her, incidentally, if she remembered; pretending that I had heard of such a lady living at a certain place I named at random, and had a curiosity to know if it were the same.

incidentally - d'ailleurs

curiosity - curiosité

In the course of that letter, I told Peggotty that I had a particular occasion for half a guinea; and that if she could lend me that sum until I could repay it, I should be very much obliged to her, and would tell her afterwards what I had wanted it for.

repay - rembourser

Peggotty's answer soon arrived, and was, as usual, full of affectionate devotion. She enclosed the half guinea (I was afraid she must have had a world of trouble to get it out of Mr. Barkis's box), and told me that Miss Betsey lived near Dover, but whether at Dover itself, at Hythe, Sandgate, or Folkestone, she could not say.

Dover - douvres

Hythe - hythe

One of our men, however, informing me on my asking him about these places, that they were all close together, I deemed this enough for my object, and resolved to set out at the end of that week.

deemed - jugée, estimer, croire, considérer

Being a very honest little creature, and unwilling to disgrace the memory I was going to leave behind me at Murdstone and Grinby's, I considered myself bound to remain until Saturday night; and, as I had been paid a week's wages in advance when I first came there, not to present myself in the counting-house at the usual hour, to receive my stipend.

stipend - allocation, rente

For this express reason, I had borrowed the half-guinea, that I might not be without a fund for my travelling-expenses. Accordingly, when the Saturday night came, and we were all waiting in the warehouse to be paid, and Tipp the carman, who always took precedence, went in first to draw his money, I shook Mick Walker by the hand; asked him, when it came to his turn to be paid, to say to Mr.

travelling-expenses - (travelling-expenses) les frais de déplacement

precedence - la préséance, préséance

Quinion that I had gone to move my box to Tipp's; and, bidding a last good night to Mealy Potatoes, ran away.

My box was at my old lodging, over the water, and I had written a direction for it on the back of one of our address cards that we nailed on the casks: 'Master David, to be left till called for, at the Coach Office, Dover.

nailed on - cloué sur

'This I had in my pocket ready to put on the box, after I should have got it out of the house; and as I went towards my lodging, I looked about me for someone who would help me to carry it to the booking-office.

There was a long-legged young man with a very little empty donkey-cart, standing near the Obelisk, in the Blackfriars Road, whose eye I caught as I was going by, and who, addressing me as 'Sixpenn'orth of bad ha'pence,'hoped 'I should know him agin to swear to'"in allusion, I have no doubt, to my staring at him.

donkey - l'âne, âne

obelisk - obélisque, obele

I stopped to assure him that I had not done so in bad manners, but uncertain whether he might or might not like a job.

'Wot job?'said the long-legged young man.

'To move a box,'I answered.

'Wot box?'said the long-legged young man.

I told him mine, which was down that street there, and which I wanted him to take to the Dover coach office for sixpence.

'Done with you for a tanner!'said the long-legged young man, and directly got upon his cart, which was nothing but a large wooden tray on wheels, and rattled away at such a rate, that it was as much as I could do to keep pace with the donkey.

tanner - tanneur, (tan) tanneur

rattled - secouée, (faire) cliqueter

There was a defiant manner about this young man, and particularly about the way in which he chewed straw as he spoke to me, that I did not much like; as the bargain was made, however, I took him upstairs to the room I was leaving, and we brought the box down, and put it on his cart.

chewed - mâché, mâcher, mordiller, mastiquer

straw - paille, fétu, jaune paille

Now, I was unwilling to put the direction-card on there, lest any of my landlord's family should fathom what I was doing, and detain me; so I said to the young man that I would be glad if he would stop for a minute, when he came to the dead-wall of the King's Bench prison.

fathom - sonder, brasse

detain - détenir, arreter

The words were no sooner out of my mouth, than he rattled away as if he, my box, the cart, and the donkey, were all equally mad; and I was quite out of breath with running and calling after him, when I caught him at the place appointed.

Being much flushed and excited, I tumbled my half-guinea out of my pocket in pulling the card out. I put it in my mouth for safety, and though my hands trembled a good deal, had just tied the card on very much to my satisfaction, when I felt myself violently chucked under the chin by the long-legged young man, and saw my half-guinea fly out of my mouth into his hand.

chucked - jeté, balancer

'Wot!'said the young man, seizing me by my jacket collar, with a frightful grin. 'This is a pollis case, is it? You're a-going to bolt, are you? Come to the pollis, you young warmin, come to the pollis!'

seizing - la saisie, emparant, (seize), saisir, emparer

frightful - effrayante, effrayant

grin - sourire, rictus

warmin - le réchauffement

'You give me my money back, if you please,'said I, very much frightened; 'and leave me alone.'

'Come to the pollis!'said the young man. 'You shall prove it yourn to the pollis.'

yourn - votre

'Give me my box and money, will you,'I cried, bursting into tears.

The young man still replied: 'Come to the pollis!'and was dragging me against the donkey in a violent manner, as if there were any affinity between that animal and a magistrate, when he changed his mind, jumped into the cart, sat upon my box, and, exclaiming that he would drive to the pollis straight, rattled away harder than ever.

affinity - affinité

exclaiming - s'exclamer, exclamer

I ran after him as fast as I could, but I had no breath to call out with, and should not have dared to call out, now, if I had. I narrowly escaped being run over, twenty times at least, in half a mile. Now I lost him, now I saw him, now I lost him, now I was cut at with a whip, now shouted at, now down in the mud, now up again, now running into somebody's arms, now running headlong at a post.

whip - fouet, whip, fouetter, flageller, défaire, battre

headlong - tete baissée, la tete la premiere

At length, confused by fright and heat, and doubting whether half London might not by this time be turning out for my apprehension, I left the young man to go where he would with my box and money; and, panting and crying, but never stopping, faced about for Greenwich, which I had understood was on the Dover Road: taking very little more out of the world, towards the retreat of my aunt, Miss Betsey, than I had brought into it, on the night when my arrival gave her so much umbrage.

panting - haletant, (pant) haletant

Greenwich - greenwich

umbrage - umbrage, ombrage, ombrager


sequel - suite

For anything I know, I may have had some wild idea of running all the way to Dover, when I gave up the pursuit of the young man with the donkey-cart, and started for Greenwich. My scattered senses were soon collected as to that point, if I had; for I came to a stop in the Kent Road, at a terrace with a piece of water before it, and a great foolish image in the middle, blowing a dry shell.

Here I sat down on a doorstep, quite spent and exhausted with the efforts I had already made, and with hardly breath enough to cry for the loss of my box and half-guinea.

doorstep - le pas de la porte, seuil

It was by this time dark; I heard the clocks strike ten, as I sat resting. But it was a summer night, fortunately, and fine weather. When I had recovered my breath, and had got rid of a stifling sensation in my throat, I rose up and went on. In the midst of my distress, I had no notion of going back. I doubt if I should have had any, though there had been a Swiss snow-drift in the Kent Road.

Swiss - suisse, helvétique, Suissesse

snow-drift - (snow-drift) Congére

But my standing possessed of only three-halfpence in the world (and I am sure I wonder how they came to be left in my pocket on a Saturday night!) troubled me none the less because I went on.

I began to picture to myself, as a scrap of newspaper intelligence, my being found dead in a day or two, under some hedge; and I trudged on miserably, though as fast as I could, until I happened to pass a little shop, where it was written up that ladies'and gentlemen's wardrobes were bought, and that the best price was given for rags, bones, and kitchen-stuff.

trudged - trudged, marcher, crapahuter

wardrobes - armoires, garde-robe, armoire

rags - chiffons, chiffon

The master of this shop was sitting at the door in his shirt-sleeves, smoking; and as there were a great many coats and pairs of trousers dangling from the low ceiling, and only two feeble candles burning inside to show what they were, I fancied that he looked like a man of a revengeful disposition, who had hung all his enemies, and was enjoying himself.

My late experiences with Mr. and Mrs. Micawber suggested to me that here might be a means of keeping off the wolf for a little while. I went up the next by-street, took off my waistcoat, rolled it neatly under my arm, and came back to the shop door.

wolf - loup, tombeur, dévorer, engloutir

'If you please, sir,'I said, 'I am to sell this for a fair price.'

fair price - prix équitable

Mr. Dolloby"Dolloby was the name over the shop door, at least"took the waistcoat, stood his pipe on its head, against the door-post, went into the shop, followed by me, snuffed the two candles with his fingers, spread the waistcoat on the counter, and looked at it there, held it up against the light, and looked at it there, and ultimately said:

door-post - (door-post) Montant de porte

'What do you call a price, now, for this here little weskit?'

weskit - weskit

'Oh! you know best, sir,'I returned modestly.

'I can't be buyer and seller too,'said Mr. Dolloby. 'Put a price on this here little weskit.'

buyer - acheteur, acheteuse

seller - vendeur, vendeur/-deuse

'Would eighteenpence be?'"I hinted, after some hesitation.

eighteenpence - dix-huit pence

Mr. Dolloby rolled it up again, and gave it me back. 'I should rob my family,'he said, 'if I was to offer ninepence for it.'

This was a disagreeable way of putting the business; because it imposed upon me, a perfect stranger, the unpleasantness of asking Mr. Dolloby to rob his family on my account. My circumstances being so very pressing, however, I said I would take ninepence for it, if he pleased. Mr. Dolloby, not without some grumbling, gave ninepence.

perfect stranger - un parfait inconnu

I wished him good night, and walked out of the shop the richer by that sum, and the poorer by a waistcoat. But when I buttoned my jacket, that was not much. Indeed, I foresaw pretty clearly that my jacket would go next, and that I should have to make the best of my way to Dover in a shirt and a pair of trousers, and might deem myself lucky if I got there even in that trim.

foresaw - prévoyait, prévoir, anticiper

deem - estimer, croire, considérer

trim - de l'habillage, tailler, compenser, compensation

But my mind did not run so much on this as might be supposed. Beyond a general impression of the distance before me, and of the young man with the donkey-cart having used me cruelly, I think I had no very urgent sense of my difficulties when I once again set off with my ninepence in my pocket.

A plan had occurred to me for passing the night, which I was going to carry into execution. This was, to lie behind the wall at the back of my old school, in a corner where there used to be a haystack.

I imagined it would be a kind of company to have the boys, and the bedroom where I used to tell the stories, so near me: although the boys would know nothing of my being there, and the bedroom would yield me no shelter.

I had had a hard day's work, and was pretty well jaded when I came climbing out, at last, upon the level of Blackheath. It cost me some trouble to find out Salem House; but I found it, and I found a haystack in the corner, and I lay down by it; having first walked round the wall, and looked up at the windows, and seen that all was dark and silent within.

jaded - blasé, (de) jade

Never shall I forget the lonely sensation of first lying down, without a roof above my head!

Sleep came upon me as it came on many other outcasts, against whom house-doors were locked, and house-dogs barked, that night"and I dreamed of lying on my old school-bed, talking to the boys in my room; and found myself sitting upright, with Steerforth's name upon my lips, looking wildly at the stars that were glistening and glimmering above me.

outcasts - des marginaux, exclu/-e

barked - aboyé, aboiement

wildly - sauvage, sauvagement

glistening - scintillant, reluire

glimmering - scintillant, (glimmer), lueur, émettre une lueur

When I remembered where I was at that untimely hour, a feeling stole upon me that made me get up, afraid of I don't know what, and walk about.

But the fainter glimmering of the stars, and the pale light in the sky where the day was coming, reassured me: and my eyes being very heavy, I lay down again and slept"though with a knowledge in my sleep that it was cold"until the warm beams of the sun, and the ringing of the getting-up bell at Salem House, awoke me.

reassured - rassuré, tranquilliser, rassurer, réassurer

If I could have hoped that Steerforth was there, I would have lurked about until he came out alone; but I knew he must have left long since. Traddles still remained, perhaps, but it was very doubtful; and I had not sufficient confidence in his discretion or good luck, however strong my reliance was on his good nature, to wish to trust him with my situation. So I crept away from the wall as Mr.

lurked - s'est caché, se cacher, s'embusquer, se dissimuler

Creakle's boys were getting up, and struck into the long dusty track which I had first known to be the Dover Road when I was one of them, and when I little expected that any eyes would ever see me the wayfarer I was now, upon it.

wayfarer - wayfarer, voyageur

What a different Sunday morning from the old Sunday morning at Yarmouth!

In due time I heard the church-bells ringing, as I plodded on; and I met people who were going to church; and I passed a church or two where the congregation were inside, and the sound of singing came out into the sunshine, while the beadle sat and cooled himself in the shade of the porch, or stood beneath the yew-tree, with his hand to his forehead, glowering at me going by.

plodded - plodded, marcher lourdement/péniblement

yew - oui, if

glowering - l'éblouissement, lancer des regards noirs a

But the peace and rest of the old Sunday morning were on everything, except me. That was the difference. I felt quite wicked in my dirt and dust, with my tangled hair. But for the quiet picture I had conjured up, of my mother in her youth and beauty, weeping by the fire, and my aunt relenting to her, I hardly think I should have had the courage to go on until next day.

tangled - enchevetrés, désordre, enchevetrement

conjured up - imaginé

But it always went before me, and I followed.

I got, that Sunday, through three-and-twenty miles on the straight road, though not very easily, for I was new to that kind of toil. I see myself, as evening closes in, coming over the bridge at Rochester, footsore and tired, and eating bread that I had bought for supper.

toil - labeur, travailler

footsore - éclopé

One or two little houses, with the notice, 'Lodgings for Travellers', hanging out, had tempted me; but I was afraid of spending the few pence I had, and was even more afraid of the vicious looks of the trampers I had met or overtaken.

vicious - rench: t-needed r, vicieux

overtaken - dépassé, dépasser, doubler, surprendre

I sought no shelter, therefore, but the sky; and toiling into Chatham,"which, in that night's aspect, is a mere dream of chalk, and drawbridges, and mastless ships in a muddy river, roofed like Noah's arks,"crept, at last, upon a sort of grass-grown battery overhanging a lane, where a sentry was walking to and fro.

toiling - au travail, lancinant, (toil), travailler

drawbridges - des ponts-levis, pont-levis

mastless - sans mât

arks - arcs, arche

sentry - sentinelle

Here I lay down, near a cannon; and, happy in the society of the sentry's footsteps, though he knew no more of my being above him than the boys at Salem House had known of my lying by the wall, slept soundly until morning.

cannon - canon

Very stiff and sore of foot I was in the morning, and quite dazed by the beating of drums and marching of troops, which seemed to hem me in on every side when I went down towards the long narrow street. Feeling that I could go but a very little way that day, if I were to reserve any strength for getting to my journey's end, I resolved to make the sale of my jacket its principal business.

dazed - étourdi, stupéfaction, étourdir, abasourdir

hem - l'ourlet, ourlet

Accordingly, I took the jacket off, that I might learn to do without it; and carrying it under my arm, began a tour of inspection of the various slop-shops.

inspection - l'inspection, inspection, rench: t-needed r

slop - de l'eau, renverser, déborder

It was a likely place to sell a jacket in; for the dealers in second-hand clothes were numerous, and were, generally speaking, on the look-out for customers at their shop doors.

But as most of them had, hanging up among their stock, an officer's coat or two, epaulettes and all, I was rendered timid by the costly nature of their dealings, and walked about for a long time without offering my merchandise to anyone.

epaulettes - épaulettes, épaulette

offering - offre, offrande, (offer)

merchandise - la marchandise, denrée, marchandise

This modesty of mine directed my attention to the marine-store shops, and such shops as Mr. Dolloby's, in preference to the regular dealers.

marine - marine, marin, maritime, marinier

At last I found one that I thought looked promising, at the corner of a dirty lane, ending in an enclosure full of stinging-nettles, against the palings of which some second-hand sailors'clothes, that seemed to have overflowed the shop, were fluttering among some cots, and rusty guns, and oilskin hats, and certain trays full of so many old rusty keys of so many sizes that they seemed various enough to open all the doors in the world.

enclosure - l'enfermement, piece jointe, encloitrer, encloîtrer, enclos

stinging - des piqures, (sting) des piqures

nettles - des orties, ortie, piquer, irriter, vexer

palings - palissades, pieu

overflowed - débordé, débordement, déborder, fr

cots - lits de camp, couchette

oilskin - peau d'huile, ciré

trays - plateaux, plateau

Into this shop, which was low and small, and which was darkened rather than lighted by a little window, overhung with clothes, and was descended into by some steps, I went with a palpitating heart; which was not relieved when an ugly old man, with the lower part of his face all covered with a stubbly grey beard, rushed out of a dirty den behind it, and seized me by the hair of my head.

palpitating - des palpitations, palpiter

stubbly - des poils raides

He was a dreadful old man to look at, in a filthy flannel waistcoat, and smelling terribly of rum. His bedstead, covered with a tumbled and ragged piece of patchwork, was in the den he had come from, where another little window showed a prospect of more stinging-nettles, and a lame donkey.

filthy - dégoutant, crasseux

flannel - flanelle

rum - le rhum, rhum

'Oh, what do you want?'grinned this old man, in a fierce, monotonous whine. 'Oh, my eyes and limbs, what do you want? Oh, my lungs and liver, what do you want? Oh, goroo, goroo!'

monotonous - monotone

whine - se plaindre, pleurnicherie, geignement, couiner, geindre

limbs - membres, membre

I was so much dismayed by these words, and particularly by the repetition of the last unknown one, which was a kind of rattle in his throat, that I could make no answer; hereupon the old man, still holding me by the hair, repeated:

dismayed - consterné, affliger, mortifier, avoir peur, désarroi

repetition - répétition

hereupon - sur ce point

'Oh, what do you want? Oh, my eyes and limbs, what do you want? Oh, my lungs and liver, what do you want? Oh, goroo!'"which he screwed out of himself, with an energy that made his eyes start in his head.

'I wanted to know,'I said, trembling, 'if you would buy a jacket.'

'Oh, let's see the jacket!'cried the old man. 'Oh, my heart on fire, show the jacket to us! Oh, my eyes and limbs, bring the jacket out!'

With that he took his trembling hands, which were like the claws of a great bird, out of my hair; and put on a pair of spectacles, not at all ornamental to his inflamed eyes.

claws - griffes, griffe

ornamental - ornemental, ornementale

inflamed - enflammée, allumer

'Oh, how much for the jacket?'cried the old man, after examining it. 'Oh"goroo!"how much for the jacket?'

'Half-a-crown,'I answered, recovering myself.

'Oh, my lungs and liver,'cried the old man, 'no! Oh, my eyes, no! Oh, my limbs, no! Eighteenpence. Goroo!'

Every time he uttered this ejaculation, his eyes seemed to be in danger of starting out; and every sentence he spoke, he delivered in a sort of tune, always exactly the same, and more like a gust of wind, which begins low, mounts up high, and falls again, than any other comparison I can find for it.

ejaculation - éjaculation

gust - rafale

'Well,'said I, glad to have closed the bargain, 'I'll take eighteenpence.'

'Oh, my liver!'cried the old man, throwing the jacket on a shelf. 'Get out of the shop! Oh, my lungs, get out of the shop! Oh, my eyes and limbs"goroo!"don't ask for money; make it an exchange.

'I never was so frightened in my life, before or since; but I told him humbly that I wanted money, and that nothing else was of any use to me, but that I would wait for it, as he desired, outside, and had no wish to hurry him. So I went outside, and sat down in the shade in a corner.

And I sat there so many hours, that the shade became sunlight, and the sunlight became shade again, and still I sat there waiting for the money.

There never was such another drunken madman in that line of business, I hope. That he was well known in the neighbourhood, and enjoyed the reputation of having sold himself to the devil, I soon understood from the visits he received from the boys, who continually came skirmishing about the shop, shouting that legend, and calling to him to bring out his gold.

drunken - ivre

madman - fou, insensé

skirmishing - l'escarmouche, (skirmish), escarmouche, échauffourée

'You ain't poor, you know, Charley, as you pretend. Bring out your gold. Bring out some of the gold you sold yourself to the devil for. Come! It's in the lining of the mattress, Charley. Rip it open and let's have some!

mattress - matelas

rip - déchirer, fissure

'This, and many offers to lend him a knife for the purpose, exasperated him to such a degree, that the whole day was a succession of rushes on his part, and flights on the part of the boys.

offers - offres, offrir, proposer

exasperated - exaspéré, exaspérer

Sometimes in his rage he would take me for one of them, and come at me, mouthing as if he were going to tear me in pieces; then, remembering me, just in time, would dive into the shop, and lie upon his bed, as I thought from the sound of his voice, yelling in a frantic way, to his own windy tune, the 'Death of Nelson'; with an Oh! before every line, and innumerable Goroos interspersed.

rage - rage, furie, fureur, courroux, rager, faire rage

yelling - hurlant, (yell) hurlant

frantic - éperdu, paniqué, frénétique

innumerable - innombrables

interspersed - entrecoupé, entremeler, intercaler

As if this were not bad enough for me, the boys, connecting me with the establishment, on account of the patience and perseverance with which I sat outside, half-dressed, pelted me, and used me very ill all day.

perseverance - la persévérance, persévérance

pelted - pelé, lancer

He made many attempts to induce me to consent to an exchange; at one time coming out with a fishing-rod, at another with a fiddle, at another with a cocked hat, at another with a flute. But I resisted all these overtures, and sat there in desperation; each time asking him, with tears in my eyes, for my money or my jacket.

fishing-rod - (fishing-rod) canne a peche

fiddle - violon, tripoter

overtures - des ouvertures, ouverture

in desperation - en désespoir de cause

At last he began to pay me in halfpence at a time; and was full two hours getting by easy stages to a shilling.

'Oh, my eyes and limbs!'he then cried, peeping hideously out of the shop, after a long pause, 'will you go for twopence more?'

hideously - hideux

'I can't,'I said; 'I shall be starved.'

'Oh, my lungs and liver, will you go for threepence?'

'I would go for nothing, if I could,'I said, 'but I want the money badly.'

'Oh, go-roo!'(it is really impossible to express how he twisted this ejaculation out of himself, as he peeped round the door-post at me, showing nothing but his crafty old head); 'will you go for fourpence?'

roo - roo

crafty - artisanal, rusé, madré

I was so faint and weary that I closed with this offer; and taking the money out of his claw, not without trembling, went away more hungry and thirsty than I had ever been, a little before sunset. But at an expense of threepence I soon refreshed myself completely; and, being in better spirits then, limped seven miles upon my road.

claw - griffe

sunset - coucher de soleil, crépuscule

refreshed - rafraîchie, revigorer, rafraîchir

limped - boitait, mou, faible

My bed at night was under another haystack, where I rested comfortably, after having washed my blistered feet in a stream, and dressed them as well as I was able, with some cool leaves. When I took the road again next morning, I found that it lay through a succession of hop-grounds and orchards.

blistered - boursouflé, ampoule, cloque, boursouflure, phlyctene

orchards - vergers, verger, arbre fruitier

It was sufficiently late in the year for the orchards to be ruddy with ripe apples; and in a few places the hop-pickers were already at work. I thought it all extremely beautiful, and made up my mind to sleep among the hops that night: imagining some cheerful companionship in the long perspectives of poles, with the graceful leaves twining round them.

ruddy - ruddy, rougeâtre

pickers - les cueilleurs, cueilleur, glaneur, glaneuse, sélecteur

graceful - gracieux

The trampers were worse than ever that day, and inspired me with a dread that is yet quite fresh in my mind. Some of them were most ferocious-looking ruffians, who stared at me as I went by; and stopped, perhaps, and called after me to come back and speak to them, and when I took to my heels, stoned me.

ruffians - ruffians, rufian, voyou, brute

took to my heels - pris a mes talons

I recollect one young fellow"a tinker, I suppose, from his wallet and brazier"who had a woman with him, and who faced about and stared at me thus; and then roared to me in such a tremendous voice to come back, that I halted and looked round.

tinker - bricoler, bidouiller, magouiller, traficoter

wallet - portefeuille, portemonnaie

brazier - brasero

halted - arreté, (s')arreter

'Come here, when you're called,'said the tinker, 'or I'll rip your young body open.'

I thought it best to go back. As I drew nearer to them, trying to propitiate the tinker by my looks, I observed that the woman had a black eye.

propitiate - apaiser

'Where are you going?'said the tinker, gripping the bosom of my shirt with his blackened hand.

gripping - saisissant, empoigner

blackened - noirci, noircir, souiller, salir

'I am going to Dover,'I said.

'Where do you come from?'asked the tinker, giving his hand another turn in my shirt, to hold me more securely.

securely - en toute sécurité

'I come from London,'I said.

'What lay are you upon?'asked the tinker. 'Are you a prig?'

prig - prig, bégueule

'N-no,'I said.

'Ain't you, by G"? If you make a brag of your honesty to me,'said the tinker, 'I'll knock your brains out.'

Brag - brag, fanfaronner, se vanter

With his disengaged hand he made a menace of striking me, and then looked at me from head to foot.

disengaged - désengagé, désengager

menace - menace, menacer

'Have you got the price of a pint of beer about you?'said the tinker. 'If you have, out with it, afore I take it away!'

I should certainly have produced it, but that I met the woman's look, and saw her very slightly shake her head, and form 'No!'with her lips.

'I am very poor,'I said, attempting to smile, 'and have got no money.'

'Why, what do you mean?'said the tinker, looking so sternly at me, that I almost feared he saw the money in my pocket.

'Sir!'I stammered.

'What do you mean,'said the tinker, 'by wearing my brother's silk handkerchief! Give it over here!'And he had mine off my neck in a moment, and tossed it to the woman.

tossed - ballotté, jet, au pile ou face, tirage au sort, pile ou face

The woman burst into a fit of laughter, as if she thought this a joke, and tossed it back to me, nodded once, as slightly as before, and made the word 'Go!'with her lips.

Before I could obey, however, the tinker seized the handkerchief out of my hand with a roughness that threw me away like a feather, and putting it loosely round his own neck, turned upon the woman with an oath, and knocked her down.

loosely - en toute liberté, sans serrer

I never shall forget seeing her fall backward on the hard road, and lie there with her bonnet tumbled off, and her hair all whitened in the dust; nor, when I looked back from a distance, seeing her sitting on the pathway, which was a bank by the roadside, wiping the blood from her face with a corner of her shawl, while he went on ahead.

backward - a l'envers, arriéré, en arriere, a reculons

whitened - blanchi, blanchir

pathway - voie d'acces, voie

This adventure frightened me so, that, afterwards, when I saw any of these people coming, I turned back until I could find a hiding-place, where I remained until they had gone out of sight; which happened so often, that I was very seriously delayed.

But under this difficulty, as under all the other difficulties of my journey, I seemed to be sustained and led on by my fanciful picture of my mother in her youth, before I came into the world. It always kept me company. It was there, among the hops, when I lay down to sleep; it was with me on my waking in the morning; it went before me all day.

fanciful - fantaisiste

I have associated it, ever since, with the sunny street of Canterbury, dozing as it were in the hot light; and with the sight of its old houses and gateways, and the stately, grey Cathedral, with the rooks sailing round the towers.

Canterbury - canterbury, Cantorbéry

gateways - passerelles, porte, passerelle, gateway

stately - majestueux, imposant

sailing round - Naviguer autour

When I came, at last, upon the bare, wide downs near Dover, it relieved the solitary aspect of the scene with hope; and not until I reached that first great aim of my journey, and actually set foot in the town itself, on the sixth day of my flight, did it desert me.

But then, strange to say, when I stood with my ragged shoes, and my dusty, sunburnt, half-clothed figure, in the place so long desired, it seemed to vanish like a dream, and to leave me helpless and dispirited.

dispirited - découragé, décourager

I inquired about my aunt among the boatmen first, and received various answers.

One said she lived in the South Foreland Light, and had singed her whiskers by doing so; another, that she was made fast to the great buoy outside the harbour, and could only be visited at half-tide; a third, that she was locked up in Maidstone jail for child-stealing; a fourth, that she was seen to mount a broom in the last high wind, and make direct for Calais.

Foreland - l'avant-pays

singed - brulé, roussir

buoy - bouée, flotteur, balise, surnager

broom - balai

The fly-drivers, among whom I inquired next, were equally jocose and equally disrespectful; and the shopkeepers, not liking my appearance, generally replied, without hearing what I had to say, that they had got nothing for me. I felt more miserable and destitute than I had done at any period of my running away.

disrespectful - irrespectueux

shopkeepers - les commerçants, détaillant, détaillante, magasinier

more miserable - plus malheureux

My money was all gone, I had nothing left to dispose of; I was hungry, thirsty, and worn out; and seemed as distant from my end as if I had remained in London.

The morning had worn away in these inquiries, and I was sitting on the step of an empty shop at a street corner, near the market-place, deliberating upon wandering towards those other places which had been mentioned, when a fly-driver, coming by with his carriage, dropped a horsecloth.

horsecloth - la toile de cheval

Something good-natured in the man's face, as I handed it up, encouraged me to ask him if he could tell me where Miss Trotwood lived; though I had asked the question so often, that it almost died upon my lips.

'Trotwood,'said he. 'Let me see. I know the name, too. Old lady?'

'Yes,'I said, 'rather.'

'Pretty stiff in the back?'said he, making himself upright.

'Yes,'I said. 'I should think it very likely.'

'Carries a bag?'said he"'bag with a good deal of room in it"is gruffish, and comes down upon you, sharp?'

gruffish - bourru

My heart sank within me as I acknowledged the undoubted accuracy of this description.

undoubted - incontestable

'Why then, I tell you what,'said he. 'If you go up there,'pointing with his whip towards the heights, 'and keep right on till you come to some houses facing the sea, I think you'll hear of her. My opinion is she won't stand anything, so here's a penny for you.'

she won't - elle ne le fera pas

I accepted the gift thankfully, and bought a loaf with it. Dispatching this refreshment by the way, I went in the direction my friend had indicated, and walked on a good distance without coming to the houses he had mentioned.

dispatching - l'expédition, dépeche

At length I saw some before me; and approaching them, went into a little shop (it was what we used to call a general shop, at home), and inquired if they could have the goodness to tell me where Miss Trotwood lived. I addressed myself to a man behind the counter, who was weighing some rice for a young woman; but the latter, taking the inquiry to herself, turned round quickly.

'My mistress?'she said. 'What do you want with her, boy?'

'I want,'I replied, 'to speak to her, if you please.'

'To beg of her, you mean,'retorted the damsel.

damsel - demoiselle, jeune femme, jeune fille

'No,'I said, 'indeed.'But suddenly remembering that in truth I came for no other purpose, I held my peace in confusion, and felt my face burn.

My aunt's handmaid, as I supposed she was from what she had said, put her rice in a little basket and walked out of the shop; telling me that I could follow her, if I wanted to know where Miss Trotwood lived. I needed no second permission; though I was by this time in such a state of consternation and agitation, that my legs shook under me.

I followed the young woman, and we soon came to a very neat little cottage with cheerful bow-windows: in front of it, a small square gravelled court or garden full of flowers, carefully tended, and smelling deliciously.

deliciously - délicieusement

'This is Miss Trotwood's,'said the young woman. 'Now you know; and that's all I have got to say.

'With which words she hurried into the house, as if to shake off the responsibility of my appearance; and left me standing at the garden-gate, looking disconsolately over the top of it towards the parlour window, where a muslin curtain partly undrawn in the middle, a large round green screen or fan fastened on to the windowsill, a small table, and a great chair, suggested to me that my aunt might be at that moment seated in awful state.

muslin - mousseline

windowsill - rebord de fenetre, appui de fenetre

My shoes were by this time in a woeful condition. The soles had shed themselves bit by bit, and the upper leathers had broken and burst until the very shape and form of shoes had departed from them. My hat (which had served me for a night-cap, too) was so crushed and bent, that no old battered handleless saucepan on a dunghill need have been ashamed to vie with it.

woeful - malheureux

soles - semelles, plante (du pied)

battered - battu, battre

handleless - sans poignée

vie - vie, concourir, rivaliser, etre en compétition pour

My shirt and trousers, stained with heat, dew, grass, and the Kentish soil on which I had slept"and torn besides"might have frightened the birds from my aunt's garden, as I stood at the gate. My hair had known no comb or brush since I left London. My face, neck, and hands, from unaccustomed exposure to the air and sun, were burnt to a berry-brown.

stained - taché, tache, souillure, colorant, tacher, entacher, colorer

dew - rosée

Kentish - Kentish

unaccustomed - pas habitué

berry - baies, baie

From head to foot I was powdered almost as white with chalk and dust, as if I had come out of a lime-kiln. In this plight, and with a strong consciousness of it, I waited to introduce myself to, and make my first impression on, my formidable aunt.

lime - chaux, calcaire

kiln - four, touraille

plight - situation difficile, situation critique

The unbroken stillness of the parlour window leading me to infer, after a while, that she was not there, I lifted up my eyes to the window above it, where I saw a florid, pleasant-looking gentleman, with a grey head, who shut up one eye in a grotesque manner, nodded his head at me several times, shook it at me as often, laughed, and went away.

florid - florissant

grotesque - grotesque

I had been discomposed enough before; but I was so much the more discomposed by this unexpected behaviour, that I was on the point of slinking off, to think how I had best proceed, when there came out of the house a lady with her handkerchief tied over her cap, and a pair of gardening gloves on her hands, wearing a gardening pocket like a toll-man's apron, and carrying a great knife.

Toll - le péage, péage

I knew her immediately to be Miss Betsey, for she came stalking out of the house exactly as my poor mother had so often described her stalking up our garden at Blunderstone Rookery.

stalking - harcelement, (stalk) harcelement


'Go away!'said Miss Betsey, shaking her head, and making a distant chop in the air with her knife. 'Go along! No boys here!'

I watched her, with my heart at my lips, as she marched to a corner of her garden, and stooped to dig up some little root there. Then, without a scrap of courage, but with a great deal of desperation, I went softly in and stood beside her, touching her with my finger.

desperation - le désespoir, désespoir

'If you please, ma'am,'I began.

She started and looked up.

'If you please, aunt.'

'EH?'exclaimed Miss Betsey, in a tone of amazement I have never heard approached.

'If you please, aunt, I am your nephew.'

'Oh, Lord!'said my aunt. And sat flat down in the garden-path.

'I am David Copperfield, of Blunderstone, in Suffolk"where you came, on the night when I was born, and saw my dear mama. I have been very unhappy since she died. I have been slighted, and taught nothing, and thrown upon myself, and put to work not fit for me. It made me run away to you.

I was robbed at first setting out, and have walked all the way, and have never slept in a bed since I began the journey.'Here my self-support gave way all at once; and with a movement of my hands, intended to show her my ragged state, and call it to witness that I had suffered something, I broke into a passion of crying, which I suppose had been pent up within me all the week.

pent - pent

My aunt, with every sort of expression but wonder discharged from her countenance, sat on the gravel, staring at me, until I began to cry; when she got up in a great hurry, collared me, and took me into the parlour. Her first proceeding there was to unlock a tall press, bring out several bottles, and pour some of the contents of each into my mouth.

gravel - graviers, gravillons, gravier

collared - en collier, col, collier

I think they must have been taken out at random, for I am sure I tasted aniseed water, anchovy sauce, and salad dressing.

aniseed - l'anis

anchovy - anchois

When she had administered these restoratives, as I was still quite hysterical, and unable to control my sobs, she put me on the sofa, with a shawl under my head, and the handkerchief from her own head under my feet, lest I should sully the cover; and then, sitting herself down behind the green fan or screen I have already mentioned, so that I could not see her face, ejaculated at intervals, 'Mercy on us!'letting those exclamations off like minute guns.

sully - sully, salir, souiller

ejaculated - éjaculé, éjaculer, éjaculat

exclamations - exclamations, exclamation

After a time she rang the bell. 'Janet,'said my aunt, when her servant came in. 'Go upstairs, give my compliments to Mr. Dick, and say I wish to speak to him.'

Janet looked a little surprised to see me lying stiffly on the sofa (I was afraid to move lest it should be displeasing to my aunt), but went on her errand. My aunt, with her hands behind her, walked up and down the room, until the gentleman who had squinted at me from the upper window came in laughing.

errand - course, commission

squinted - louché, plisser les yeux, loucher, louvoyer

'Mr. Dick,'said my aunt, 'don't be a fool, because nobody can be more discreet than you can, when you choose. We all know that. So don't be a fool, whatever you are.'

more discreet - plus discret

The gentleman was serious immediately, and looked at me, I thought, as if he would entreat me to say nothing about the window.

'Mr. Dick,'said my aunt, 'you have heard me mention David Copperfield? Now don't pretend not to have a memory, because you and I know better.'

'David Copperfield?'said Mr. Dick, who did not appear to me to remember much about it. 'David Copperfield? Oh yes, to be sure. David, certainly.'

'Well,'said my aunt, 'this is his boy"his son. He would be as like his father as it's possible to be, if he was not so like his mother, too.'

'His son?'said Mr. Dick. 'David's son? Indeed!'

'Yes,'pursued my aunt, 'and he has done a pretty piece of business. He has run away. Ah! His sister, Betsey Trotwood, never would have run away.'My aunt shook her head firmly, confident in the character and behaviour of the girl who never was born.

'Oh! you think she wouldn't have run away?'said Mr. Dick.

'Bless and save the man,'exclaimed my aunt, sharply, 'how he talks! Don't I know she wouldn't? She would have lived with her god-mother, and we should have been devoted to one another. Where, in the name of wonder, should his sister, Betsey Trotwood, have run from, or to?'

'Nowhere,'said Mr. Dick.

'Well then,'returned my aunt, softened by the reply, 'how can you pretend to be wool-gathering, Dick, when you are as sharp as a surgeon's lancet? Now, here you see young David Copperfield, and the question I put to you is, what shall I do with him?'

lancet - lancette

'What shall you do with him?'said Mr. Dick, feebly, scratching his head. 'Oh! do with him?'

'Yes,'said my aunt, with a grave look, and her forefinger held up. 'Come! I want some very sound advice.'

'Why, if I was you,'said Mr. Dick, considering, and looking vacantly at me, 'I should"'The contemplation of me seemed to inspire him with a sudden idea, and he added, briskly, 'I should wash him!'

briskly - rapidement, vivement

'Janet,'said my aunt, turning round with a quiet triumph, which I did not then understand, 'Mr. Dick sets us all right. Heat the bath!'

triumph - triomphe, triomphal

Although I was deeply interested in this dialogue, I could not help observing my aunt, Mr. Dick, and Janet, while it was in progress, and completing a survey I had already been engaged in making of the room.

My aunt was a tall, hard-featured lady, but by no means ill-looking. There was an inflexibility in her face, in her voice, in her gait and carriage, amply sufficient to account for the effect she had made upon a gentle creature like my mother; but her features were rather handsome than otherwise, though unbending and austere. I particularly noticed that she had a very quick, bright eye.

inflexibility - l'inflexibilité, inflexibilité

gait - démarche

amply - amplement

unbending - inflexible, redresser, se détendre

Her hair, which was grey, was arranged in two plain divisions, under what I believe would be called a mob-cap; I mean a cap, much more common then than now, with side-pieces fastening under the chin. Her dress was of a lavender colour, and perfectly neat; but scantily made, as if she desired to be as little encumbered as possible.

mob - mob, cohue

lavender - la lavande, lavande, bleu lavande

I remember that I thought it, in form, more like a riding-habit with the superfluous skirt cut off, than anything else. She wore at her side a gentleman's gold watch, if I might judge from its size and make, with an appropriate chain and seals; she had some linen at her throat not unlike a shirt-collar, and things at her wrists like little shirt-wristbands.

riding-habit - (riding-habit) habitude d'équitation

superfluous - superflue, superflu

wristbands - des bracelets, manchette, bracelet

Mr. Dick, as I have already said, was grey-headed, and florid: I should have said all about him, in saying so, had not his head been curiously bowed"not by age; it reminded me of one of Mr.

bowed - incliné, (s')incliner devant, saluer d'un signe de tete

Creakle's boys'heads after a beating"and his grey eyes prominent and large, with a strange kind of watery brightness in them that made me, in combination with his vacant manner, his submission to my aunt, and his childish delight when she praised him, suspect him of being a little mad; though, if he were mad, how he came to be there puzzled me extremely.

watery - aqueux

submission - soumission

He was dressed like any other ordinary gentleman, in a loose grey morning coat and waistcoat, and white trousers; and had his watch in his fob, and his money in his pockets: which he rattled as if he were very proud of it.

fob - fob, refiler (qqch a qqn)

Janet was a pretty blooming girl, of about nineteen or twenty, and a perfect picture of neatness.

blooming - la floraison, fleur

neatness - la propreté, netteté

Though I made no further observation of her at the moment, I may mention here what I did not discover until afterwards, namely, that she was one of a series of protegees whom my aunt had taken into her service expressly to educate in a renouncement of mankind, and who had generally completed their abjuration by marrying the baker.

namely - a savoir, nommément, c'est-a-dire, a savoir

renouncement - renoncement

mankind - l'humanité, humanité, genre humain, hommes

abjuration - abjuration, abnégation

The room was as neat as Janet or my aunt.

As I laid down my pen, a moment since, to think of it, the air from the sea came blowing in again, mixed with the perfume of the flowers; and I saw the old-fashioned furniture brightly rubbed and polished, my aunt's inviolable chair and table by the round green fan in the bow-window, the drugget-covered carpet, the cat, the kettle-holder, the two canaries, the old china, the punchbowl full of dried rose-leaves, the tall press guarding all sorts of bottles and pots, and, wonderfully out of keeping with the rest, my dusty self upon the sofa, taking note of everything.

perfume - parfum, fragrance, parfumer

brightly - brillante, clairement, précisément

inviolable - inviolable

drugget - drugget

kettle - bouilloire, chaudron

holder - porteur, porteuse, détenteur, détentrice

canaries - Les canaris, (canary), canari, jaune canari

punchbowl - le punchbowl

Janet had gone away to get the bath ready, when my aunt, to my great alarm, became in one moment rigid with indignation, and had hardly voice to cry out, 'Janet! Donkeys!'

rigid - rigide

donkeys - des ânes, âne

Upon which, Janet came running up the stairs as if the house were in flames, darted out on a little piece of green in front, and warned off two saddle-donkeys, lady-ridden, that had presumed to set hoof upon it; while my aunt, rushing out of the house, seized the bridle of a third animal laden with a bestriding child, turned him, led him forth from those sacred precincts, and boxed the ears of the unlucky urchin in attendance who had dared to profane that hallowed ground.

presumed - présumée, présumer, supposer

hoof - sabot

laden - laden, chargé, chargée, (lade) laden

bestriding - bestriding, chevaucher

precincts - circonscriptions, enceinte, district, arrondissement de commune

urchin - oursin, garnement

profane - impur, profane, sale, sacrilege, profaner

To this hour I don't know whether my aunt had any lawful right of way over that patch of green; but she had settled it in her own mind that she had, and it was all the same to her. The one great outrage of her life, demanding to be constantly avenged, was the passage of a donkey over that immaculate spot.

lawful - légale, légal

patch - patch, rapiécer

avenged - vengé, venger

immaculate - immaculée

In whatever occupation she was engaged, however interesting to her the conversation in which she was taking part, a donkey turned the current of her ideas in a moment, and she was upon him straight.

Jugs of water, and watering-pots, were kept in secret places ready to be discharged on the offending boys; sticks were laid in ambush behind the door; sallies were made at all hours; and incessant war prevailed.

jugs - cruches, cruche, carafe

ambush - embuscade

sallies - des salades, sortie

incessant - incessant

Perhaps this was an agreeable excitement to the donkey-boys; or perhaps the more sagacious of the donkeys, understanding how the case stood, delighted with constitutional obstinacy in coming that way.

constitutional - constitutionnel, constitutionnelle

obstinacy - l'obstination, entetement, obstination

I only know that there were three alarms before the bath was ready; and that on the occasion of the last and most desperate of all, I saw my aunt engage, single-handed, with a sandy-headed lad of fifteen, and bump his sandy head against her own gate, before he seemed to comprehend what was the matter.

lad - lad, garçon, gars, jeune homme, palefrenier

bump - bump, bourrade, boum, bosse, saillie, ballon, heurter

These interruptions were of the more ridiculous to me, because she was giving me broth out of a table-spoon at the time (having firmly persuaded herself that I was actually starving, and must receive nourishment at first in very small quantities), and, while my mouth was yet open to receive the spoon, she would put it back into the basin, cry 'Janet! Donkeys!'and go out to the assault.

interruptions - des interruptions, interruption

broth - bouillon, soupe

nourishment - l'alimentation, nourriture

The bath was a great comfort. For I began to be sensible of acute pains in my limbs from lying out in the fields, and was now so tired and low that I could hardly keep myself awake for five minutes together. When I had bathed, they (I mean my aunt and Janet) enrobed me in a shirt and a pair of trousers belonging to Mr. Dick, and tied me up in two or three great shawls.

acute - aigu, aiguë

shawls - châles, châle

What sort of bundle I looked like, I don't know, but I felt a very hot one. Feeling also very faint and drowsy, I soon lay down on the sofa again and fell asleep.

It might have been a dream, originating in the fancy which had occupied my mind so long, but I awoke with the impression that my aunt had come and bent over me, and had put my hair away from my face, and laid my head more comfortably, and had then stood looking at me.

The words, 'Pretty fellow,'or 'Poor fellow,'seemed to be in my ears, too; but certainly there was nothing else, when I awoke, to lead me to believe that they had been uttered by my aunt, who sat in the bow-window gazing at the sea from behind the green fan, which was mounted on a kind of swivel, and turned any way.

gazing - regarder, fixer

swivel - pivotant, émerillon, pivoter

We dined soon after I awoke, off a roast fowl and a pudding; I sitting at table, not unlike a trussed bird myself, and moving my arms with considerable difficulty. But as my aunt had swathed me up, I made no complaint of being inconvenienced.

trussed - en treillis, bandage herniaire, treillis, structure triangulée

swathed - enrobé, envelopper

inconvenienced - genés, dérangement, désagrément

All this time I was deeply anxious to know what she was going to do with me; but she took her dinner in profound silence, except when she occasionally fixed her eyes on me sitting opposite, and said, 'Mercy upon us!'which did not by any means relieve my anxiety.

The cloth being drawn, and some sherry put upon the table (of which I had a glass), my aunt sent up for Mr. Dick again, who joined us, and looked as wise as he could when she requested him to attend to my story, which she elicited from me, gradually, by a course of questions. During my recital, she kept her eyes on Mr.

elicited - suscitée, susciter, causer, réaliser, obtenir, raisonner

recital - récital, considérant

Dick, who I thought would have gone to sleep but for that, and who, whensoever he lapsed into a smile, was checked by a frown from my aunt.

whensoever - quel que soit le moment

'Whatever possessed that poor unfortunate Baby, that she must go and be married again,'said my aunt, when I had finished, 'I can't conceive.'

'Perhaps she fell in love with her second husband,'Mr. Dick suggested.

'Fell in love!'repeated my aunt. 'What do you mean? What business had she to do it?'

'Perhaps,'Mr. Dick simpered, after thinking a little, 'she did it for pleasure.'

simpered - simpérait, minauder, minauderie, sourire

'Pleasure, indeed!'replied my aunt. 'A mighty pleasure for the poor Baby to fix her simple faith upon any dog of a fellow, certain to ill-use her in some way or other. What did she propose to herself, I should like to know! She had had one husband. She had seen David Copperfield out of the world, who was always running after wax dolls from his cradle.

dolls - poupées, poupée

She had got a baby"oh, there were a pair of babies when she gave birth to this child sitting here, that Friday night!"and what more did she want?'

Mr. Dick secretly shook his head at me, as if he thought there was no getting over this.

'She couldn't even have a baby like anybody else,'said my aunt. 'Where was this child's sister, Betsey Trotwood? Not forthcoming. Don't tell me!'

forthcoming - a venir, prochain

Mr. Dick seemed quite frightened.

'That little man of a doctor, with his head on one side,'said my aunt, 'Jellips, or whatever his name was, what was he about? All he could do, was to say to me, like a robin redbreast"as he is"śIt's a boy.ť A boy! Yah, the imbecility of the whole set of 'em!'

robin redbreast - Rouge-gorge

Yah - yah

imbecility - l'imbécillité, imbécilité

The heartiness of the ejaculation startled Mr. Dick exceedingly; and me, too, if I am to tell the truth.

heartiness - la cordialité

startled - surpris, sursauter, surprendre

'And then, as if this was not enough, and she had not stood sufficiently in the light of this child's sister, Betsey Trotwood,'said my aunt, 'she marries a second time"goes and marries a Murderer"or a man with a name like it"and stands in THIS child's light! And the natural consequence is, as anybody but a baby might have foreseen, that he prowls and wanders.

murderer - meurtrier, meurtriere, assassin, assassine

foreseen - prévue, prévoir, anticiper

prowls - rôde, rôder

He's as like Cain before he was grown up, as he can be.'

Cain - cain

Mr. Dick looked hard at me, as if to identify me in this character.

'And then there's that woman with the Pagan name,'said my aunt, 'that Peggotty, she goes and gets married next. Because she has not seen enough of the evil attending such things, she goes and gets married next, as the child relates. I only hope,'said my aunt, shaking her head, 'that her husband is one of those Poker husbands who abound in the newspapers, and will beat her well with one.'

pagan - paien, paien, immoral, incivilisé, paienne

poker - poker, tisonnier

abound - abondent, foisonner, abonder

I could not bear to hear my old nurse so decried, and made the subject of such a wish. I told my aunt that indeed she was mistaken.

decried - décriée, décrier, dénoncer

That Peggotty was the best, the truest, the most faithful, most devoted, and most self-denying friend and servant in the world; who had ever loved me dearly, who had ever loved my mother dearly; who had held my mother's dying head upon her arm, on whose face my mother had imprinted her last grateful kiss.

most faithful - le plus fidele

most devoted - le plus dévoué

imprinted - imprimée, empreinte

And my remembrance of them both, choking me, I broke down as I was trying to say that her home was my home, and that all she had was mine, and that I would have gone to her for shelter, but for her humble station, which made me fear that I might bring some trouble on her"I broke down, I say, as I was trying to say so, and laid my face in my hands upon the table.

choking - l'étouffement, suffoquer, étouffer

humble - humble

'Well, well!'said my aunt, 'the child is right to stand by those who have stood by him"Janet! Donkeys!'

I thoroughly believe that but for those unfortunate donkeys, we should have come to a good understanding; for my aunt had laid her hand on my shoulder, and the impulse was upon me, thus emboldened, to embrace her and beseech her protection.

impulse - impulsion

beseech - prier, implorer, supplier

But the interruption, and the disorder she was thrown into by the struggle outside, put an end to all softer ideas for the present, and kept my aunt indignantly declaiming to Mr. Dick about her determination to appeal for redress to the laws of her country, and to bring actions for trespass against the whole donkey proprietorship of Dover, until tea-time.

interruption - interruption

indignantly - avec indignation

declaiming - déclamation, (declaim), déclamer, scander, réciter

redress - réparation, supprimer

trespass - l'intrusion, déborder

proprietorship - l'entreprise individuelle

After tea, we sat at the window"on the look-out, as I imagined, from my aunt's sharp expression of face, for more invaders"until dusk, when Janet set candles, and a backgammon-board, on the table, and pulled down the blinds.

invaders - envahisseurs, envahisseur, envahisseuse

backgammon - backgammon

'Now, Mr. Dick,'said my aunt, with her grave look, and her forefinger up as before, 'I am going to ask you another question. Look at this child.'

'David's son?'said Mr. Dick, with an attentive, puzzled face.

attentive - attentif

'Exactly so,'returned my aunt. 'What would you do with him, now?'

'Do with David's son?'said Mr. Dick.

'Ay,'replied my aunt, 'with David's son.'

'Oh!'said Mr. Dick. 'Yes. Do with"I should put him to bed.'

'Janet!'cried my aunt, with the same complacent triumph that I had remarked before. 'Mr. Dick sets us all right. If the bed is ready, we'll take him up to it.'

complacent - complaisant

Janet reporting it to be quite ready, I was taken up to it; kindly, but in some sort like a prisoner; my aunt going in front and Janet bringing up the rear. The only circumstance which gave me any new hope, was my aunt's stopping on the stairs to inquire about a smell of fire that was prevalent there; and janet's replying that she had been making tinder down in the kitchen, of my old shirt.

prevalent - répandu, prévalent

tinder - tinder, amadou

But there were no other clothes in my room than the odd heap of things I wore; and when I was left there, with a little taper which my aunt forewarned me would burn exactly five minutes, I heard them lock my door on the outside.

forewarned - prévenu, précautionner

Turning these things over in my mind I deemed it possible that my aunt, who could know nothing of me, might suspect I had a habit of running away, and took precautions, on that account, to have me in safe keeping.

precautions - des précautions, précaution

The room was a pleasant one, at the top of the house, overlooking the sea, on which the moon was shining brilliantly.

overlooking - en surplomb, vue, panorama, surplomber, négliger, louper

After I had said my prayers, and the candle had burnt out, I remember how I still sat looking at the moonlight on the water, as if I could hope to read my fortune in it, as in a bright book; or to see my mother with her child, coming from Heaven, along that shining path, to look upon me as she had looked when I last saw her sweet face.

burnt out - épuisé

I remember how the solemn feeling with which at length I turned my eyes away, yielded to the sensation of gratitude and rest which the sight of the white-curtained bed"and how much more the lying softly down upon it, nestling in the snow-white sheets!"inspired.

yielded - cédé, céder

gratitude - la gratitude, gratitude

I remember how I thought of all the solitary places under the night sky where I had slept, and how I prayed that I never might be houseless any more, and never might forget the houseless. I remember how I seemed to float, then, down the melancholy glory of that track upon the sea, away into the world of dreams.

houseless - sans logement


On going down in the morning, I found my aunt musing so profoundly over the breakfast table, with her elbow on the tray, that the contents of the urn had overflowed the teapot and were laying the whole table-cloth under water, when my entrance put her meditations to flight. I felt sure that I had been the subject of her reflections, and was more than ever anxious to know her intentions towards me.

urn - urne

table-cloth - (table-cloth) une nappe

meditations - méditations, méditation

reflections - réflexions, réflexion, reflet, qualifiereaning 4

Yet I dared not express my anxiety, lest it should give her offence.

My eyes, however, not being so much under control as my tongue, were attracted towards my aunt very often during breakfast. I never could look at her for a few moments together but I found her looking at me"in an odd thoughtful manner, as if I were an immense way off, instead of being on the other side of the small round table.

When she had finished her breakfast, my aunt very deliberately leaned back in her chair, knitted her brows, folded her arms, and contemplated me at her leisure, with such a fixedness of attention that I was quite overpowered by embarrassment.

knitted - tricoté, tricoter, souder, unir, se souder

contemplated - envisagée, envisager, étudier, contempler

fixedness - la fixité

overpowered - surpuissant, soumettre

Not having as yet finished my own breakfast, I attempted to hide my confusion by proceeding with it; but my knife tumbled over my fork, my fork tripped up my knife, I chipped bits of bacon a surprising height into the air instead of cutting them for my own eating, and choked myself with my tea, which persisted in going the wrong way instead of the right one, until I gave in altogether, and sat blushing under my aunt's close scrutiny.

persisted - persisté, persister

'Hallo!'said my aunt, after a long time.

I looked up, and met her sharp bright glance respectfully.

'I have written to him,'said my aunt.


'To your father-in-law,'said my aunt. 'I have sent him a letter that I'll trouble him to attend to, or he and I will fall out, I can tell him!'

'Does he know where I am, aunt?'I inquired, alarmed.

'I have told him,'said my aunt, with a nod.

'Shall I"be"given up to him?'I faltered.

'I don't know,'said my aunt. 'We shall see.'

'Oh! I can't think what I shall do,'I exclaimed, 'if I have to go back to Mr. Murdstone!'

'I don't know anything about it,'said my aunt, shaking her head. 'I can't say, I am sure. We shall see.'

My spirits sank under these words, and I became very downcast and heavy of heart. My aunt, without appearing to take much heed of me, put on a coarse apron with a bib, which she took out of the press; washed up the teacups with her own hands; and, when everything was washed and set in the tray again, and the cloth folded and put on the top of the whole, rang for Janet to remove it.

coarse - grossier, brut, vulgaire

bib - bib, bavette

teacups - tasses a thé, tasse a thé

She next swept up the crumbs with a little broom (putting on a pair of gloves first), until there did not appear to be one microscopic speck left on the carpet; next dusted and arranged the room, which was dusted and arranged to a hair's breadth already.

microscopic - microscopique

When all these tasks were performed to her satisfaction, she took off the gloves and apron, folded them up, put them in the particular corner of the press from which they had been taken, brought out her work-box to her own table in the open window, and sat down, with the green fan between her and the light, to work.

'I wish you'd go upstairs,'said my aunt, as she threaded her needle, 'and give my compliments to Mr. Dick, and I'll be glad to know how he gets on with his Memorial.'

memorial - mémorial, mémoriel

I rose with all alacrity, to acquit myself of this commission.

acquit - acquitter, innocenter

'I suppose,'said my aunt, eyeing me as narrowly as she had eyed the needle in threading it, 'you think Mr. Dick a short name, eh?'

'I thought it was rather a short name, yesterday,'I confessed.

'You are not to suppose that he hasn't got a longer name, if he chose to use it,'said my aunt, with a loftier air. 'Babley"Mr. Richard Babley"that's the gentleman's true name.'

loftier - plus élevé, haut

Richard - richard

I was going to suggest, with a modest sense of my youth and the familiarity I had been already guilty of, that I had better give him the full benefit of that name, when my aunt went on to say:

familiarity - familiarité

'But don't you call him by it, whatever you do. He can't bear his name. That's a peculiarity of his. Though I don't know that it's much of a peculiarity, either; for he has been ill-used enough, by some that bear it, to have a mortal antipathy for it, Heaven knows. Mr. Dick is his name here, and everywhere else, now"if he ever went anywhere else, which he don't.

mortal - mortel, mortelle

antipathy - l'antipathie, antipathie

So take care, child, you don't call him anything BUT Mr. Dick.'

I promised to obey, and went upstairs with my message; thinking, as I went, that if Mr. Dick had been working at his Memorial long, at the same rate as I had seen him working at it, through the open door, when I came down, he was probably getting on very well indeed. I found him still driving at it with a long pen, and his head almost laid upon the paper.

He was so intent upon it, that I had ample leisure to observe the large paper kite in a corner, the confusion of bundles of manuscript, the number of pens, and, above all, the quantity of ink (which he seemed to have in, in half-gallon jars by the dozen), before he observed my being present.

ample - ample

kite - cerf-volant

bundles - des liasses, faisceau, fagot, paquet, ballot (of goods)

gallon - gallon

'Ha! Phoebus!'said Mr. Dick, laying down his pen. 'How does the world go? I'll tell you what,'he added, in a lower tone, 'I shouldn't wish it to be mentioned, but it's a"'here he beckoned to me, and put his lips close to my ear"'it's a mad world. Mad as Bedlam, boy!'said Mr. Dick, taking snuff from a round box on the table, and laughing heartily.

Phoebus - Phoebus

bedlam - le chaos, cour du roi Pétaud, pétaudiere

taking snuff - prendre du tabac a priser

Without presuming to give my opinion on this question, I delivered my message.

presuming - présumer, supposer

'Well,'said Mr. Dick, in answer, 'my compliments to her, and I"I believe I have made a start. I think I have made a start,'said Mr. Dick, passing his hand among his grey hair, and casting anything but a confident look at his manuscript. 'You have been to school?'

'Yes, sir,'I answered; 'for a short time.'

'Do you recollect the date,'said Mr. Dick, looking earnestly at me, and taking up his pen to note it down, 'when King Charles the First had his head cut off?'I said I believed it happened in the year sixteen hundred and forty-nine.

'Well,'returned Mr. Dick, scratching his ear with his pen, and looking dubiously at me. 'So the books say; but I don't see how that can be. Because, if it was so long ago, how could the people about him have made that mistake of putting some of the trouble out of his head, after it was taken off, into mine?'

I was very much surprised by the inquiry; but could give no information on this point.

'It's very strange,'said Mr. Dick, with a despondent look upon his papers, and with his hand among his hair again, 'that I never can get that quite right. I never can make that perfectly clear. But no matter, no matter!'he said cheerfully, and rousing himself, 'there's time enough! My compliments to Miss Trotwood, I am getting on very well indeed.'

despondent - découragé

I was going away, when he directed my attention to the kite.

'What do you think of that for a kite?'he said.

I answered that it was a beautiful one. I should think it must have been as much as seven feet high.

'I made it. We'll go and fly it, you and I,'said Mr. Dick. 'Do you see this?'

He showed me that it was covered with manuscript, very closely and laboriously written; but so plainly, that as I looked along the lines, I thought I saw some allusion to King Charles the First's head again, in one or two places.

laboriously - laborieusement

'There's plenty of string,'said Mr. Dick, 'and when it flies high, it takes the facts a long way. That's my manner of diffusing 'em. I don't know where they may come down. It's according to circumstances, and the wind, and so forth; but I take my chance of that.'

diffusing - diffusant, (se) diffuser, (se) répandre

His face was so very mild and pleasant, and had something so reverend in it, though it was hale and hearty, that I was not sure but that he was having a good-humoured jest with me. So I laughed, and he laughed, and we parted the best friends possible.

Reverend - révérend

hale - hale

good-humoured - (good-humoured) de bonne humeur

'Well, child,'said my aunt, when I went downstairs. 'And what of Mr. Dick, this morning?'

I informed her that he sent his compliments, and was getting on very well indeed.

'What do you think of him?'said my aunt.

I had some shadowy idea of endeavouring to evade the question, by replying that I thought him a very nice gentleman; but my aunt was not to be so put off, for she laid her work down in her lap, and said, folding her hands upon it:

evade - se soustraire, esquiver, s'évader

'Come! Your sister Betsey Trotwood would have told me what she thought of anyone, directly. Be as like your sister as you can, and speak out!'

'Is he"is Mr. Dick"I ask because I don't know, aunt"is he at all out of his mind, then?'I stammered; for I felt I was on dangerous ground.

'Not a morsel,'said my aunt.

'Oh, indeed!'I observed faintly.

'If there is anything in the world,'said my aunt, with great decision and force of manner, 'that Mr. Dick is not, it's that.'

I had nothing better to offer, than another timid, 'Oh, indeed!'

'He has been CALLED mad,'said my aunt. 'I have a selfish pleasure in saying he has been called mad, or I should not have had the benefit of his society and advice for these last ten years and upwards"in fact, ever since your sister, Betsey Trotwood, disappointed me.'

'So long as that?'I said.

'And nice people they were, who had the audacity to call him mad,'pursued my aunt. 'Mr. Dick is a sort of distant connexion of mine"It doesn't matter how; I needn't enter into that. If it hadn't been for me, his own brother would have shut him up for life. That's all.'

audacity - l'audace, audace, toupet, culot

It doesn't matter - Ça n'a pas d'importance

I am afraid it was hypocritical in me, but seeing that my aunt felt strongly on the subject, I tried to look as if I felt strongly too.

'A proud fool!'said my aunt. 'Because his brother was a little eccentric"though he is not half so eccentric as a good many people"he didn't like to have him visible about his house, and sent him away to some private asylum-place: though he had been left to his particular care by their deceased father, who thought him almost a natural. And a wise man he must have been to think so!

asylum - l'asile, asile, asile psychiatrique

deceased - décédé, déces, décéder, expirer, mourir, trépasser

Mad himself, no doubt.'

Again, as my aunt looked quite convinced, I endeavoured to look quite convinced also.

endeavoured - s'est efforcé, s'efforcer (de)

'So I stepped in,'said my aunt, 'and made him an offer. I said, śYour brother's sane"a great deal more sane than you are, or ever will be, it is to be hoped. Let him have his little income, and come and live with me. I am not afraid of him, I am not proud, I am ready to take care of him, and shall not ill-treat him as some people (besides the asylum-folks) have done.

more sane - plus sain d'esprit

ť After a good deal of squabbling,'said my aunt, 'I got him; and he has been here ever since. He is the most friendly and amenable creature in existence; and as for advice!"But nobody knows what that man's mind is, except myself.'

squabbling - des querelles, dispute, guéguerre, riotte, se chamailler

amenable - est-il acceptable

My aunt smoothed her dress and shook her head, as if she smoothed defiance of the whole world out of the one, and shook it out of the other.

defiance - défiance, défi

'He had a favourite sister,'said my aunt, 'a good creature, and very kind to him. But she did what they all do"took a husband. And HE did what they all do"made her wretched. It had such an effect upon the mind of Mr. Dick (that's not madness, I hope!) that, combined with his fear of his brother, and his sense of his unkindness, it threw him into a fever.

madness - la folie, folie

That was before he came to me, but the recollection of it is oppressive to him even now. Did he say anything to you about King Charles the First, child?'

oppressive - oppressif

'Yes, aunt.'

'Ah!'said my aunt, rubbing her nose as if she were a little vexed. 'That's his allegorical way of expressing it. He connects his illness with great disturbance and agitation, naturally, and that's the figure, or the simile, or whatever it's called, which he chooses to use. And why shouldn't he, if he thinks proper!'

vexed - contrarié, ennuyer, énerver, vexer 'informal', tourmenter, vexer

allegorical - allégorique

simile - simili, comparaison

I said: 'Certainly, aunt.'

'It's not a business-like way of speaking,'said my aunt, 'nor a worldly way. I am aware of that; and that's the reason why I insist upon it, that there shan't be a word about it in his Memorial.'

'Is it a Memorial about his own history that he is writing, aunt?'

'Yes, child,'said my aunt, rubbing her nose again. 'He is memorializing the Lord Chancellor, or the Lord Somebody or other"one of those people, at all events, who are paid to be memorialized"about his affairs. I suppose it will go in, one of these days. He hasn't been able to draw it up yet, without introducing that mode of expressing himself; but it don't signify; it keeps him employed.'

Lord Chancellor - Lord Chancelier

signify - signifier

In fact, I found out afterwards that Mr. Dick had been for upwards of ten years endeavouring to keep King Charles the First out of the Memorial; but he had been constantly getting into it, and was there now.

'I say again,'said my aunt, 'nobody knows what that man's mind is except myself; and he's the most amenable and friendly creature in existence. If he likes to fly a kite sometimes, what of that! Franklin used to fly a kite. He was a Quaker, or something of that sort, if I am not mistaken. And a Quaker flying a kite is a much more ridiculous object than anybody else.'

Quaker - Quaker

If I could have supposed that my aunt had recounted these particulars for my especial behoof, and as a piece of confidence in me, I should have felt very much distinguished, and should have augured favourably from such a mark of her good opinion.

recounted - raconté, raconter

especial - particulier

behoof - le béhaviorisme

augured - auguré, augure, augurer

favourably - favorablement

But I could hardly help observing that she had launched into them, chiefly because the question was raised in her own mind, and with very little reference to me, though she had addressed herself to me in the absence of anybody else.

At the same time, I must say that the generosity of her championship of poor harmless Mr. Dick, not only inspired my young breast with some selfish hope for myself, but warmed it unselfishly towards her. I believe that I began to know that there was something about my aunt, notwithstanding her many eccentricities and odd humours, to be honoured and trusted in.

eccentricities - excentricités, excentricité

Though she was just as sharp that day as on the day before, and was in and out about the donkeys just as often, and was thrown into a tremendous state of indignation, when a young man, going by, ogled Janet at a window (which was one of the gravest misdemeanours that could be committed against my aunt's dignity), she seemed to me to command more of my respect, if not less of my fear.

ogled - lorgné, reluquer, mater

gravest - le plus grave, tombe

The anxiety I underwent, in the interval which necessarily elapsed before a reply could be received to her letter to Mr. Murdstone, was extreme; but I made an endeavour to suppress it, and to be as agreeable as I could in a quiet way, both to my aunt and Mr. Dick.

Suppress - contenir, checkréduire, checksupprimer, checkréprimer

The latter and I would have gone out to fly the great kite; but that I had still no other clothes than the anything but ornamental garments with which I had been decorated on the first day, and which confined me to the house, except for an hour after dark, when my aunt, for my health's sake, paraded me up and down on the cliff outside, before going to bed. At length the reply from Mr.

garments - vetements, vetement

confined - confiné, confiner, limite

Murdstone came, and my aunt informed me, to my infinite terror, that he was coming to speak to her herself on the next day. On the next day, still bundled up in my curious habiliments, I sat counting the time, flushed and heated by the conflict of sinking hopes and rising fears within me; and waiting to be startled by the sight of the gloomy face, whose non-arrival startled me every minute.

non - non

My aunt was a little more imperious and stern than usual, but I observed no other token of her preparing herself to receive the visitor so much dreaded by me. She sat at work in the window, and I sat by, with my thoughts running astray on all possible and impossible results of Mr. Murdstone's visit, until pretty late in the afternoon.

more imperious - plus impérieux

Our dinner had been indefinitely postponed; but it was growing so late, that my aunt had ordered it to be got ready, when she gave a sudden alarm of donkeys, and to my consternation and amazement, I beheld Miss Murdstone, on a side-saddle, ride deliberately over the sacred piece of green, and stop in front of the house, looking about her.

indefinitely - indéfiniment

postponed - reportée, repousser, remettre, reporter, différer

got ready - etre pret

side-saddle - (side-saddle) selle latérale

'Go along with you!'cried my aunt, shaking her head and her fist at the window. 'You have no business there. How dare you trespass? Go along! Oh! you bold-faced thing!'

My aunt was so exasperated by the coolness with which Miss Murdstone looked about her, that I really believe she was motionless, and unable for the moment to dart out according to custom. I seized the opportunity to inform her who it was; and that the gentleman now coming near the offender (for the way up was very steep, and he had dropped behind), was Mr. Murdstone himself.

coolness - de la fraîcheur, frais

coming near - qui se rapproche

'I don't care who it is!'cried my aunt, still shaking her head and gesticulating anything but welcome from the bow-window. 'I won't be trespassed upon. I won't allow it. Go away! Janet, turn him round. Lead him off!

gesticulating - gesticuler

trespassed - intrusion, s'introduire sans permission

'and I saw, from behind my aunt, a sort of hurried battle-piece, in which the donkey stood resisting everybody, with all his four legs planted different ways, while Janet tried to pull him round by the bridle, Mr. Murdstone tried to lead him on, Miss Murdstone struck at Janet with a parasol, and several boys, who had come to see the engagement, shouted vigorously.

engagement - l'engagement, fiançailles

vigorously - vigoureusement

But my aunt, suddenly descrying among them the young malefactor who was the donkey's guardian, and who was one of the most inveterate offenders against her, though hardly in his teens, rushed out to the scene of action, pounced upon him, captured him, dragged him, with his jacket over his head, and his heels grinding the ground, into the garden, and, calling upon Janet to fetch the constables and justices, that he might be taken, tried, and executed on the spot, held him at bay there. This part of the business, however, did not last long; for the young rascal, being expert at a variety of feints and dodges, of which my aunt had no conception, soon went whooping away, leaving some deep impressions of his nailed boots in the flower-beds, and taking his donkey in triumph with him.

descrying - la décryptage, percevoir

malefactor - malfaiteur, malfaitrice

grinding - broyage, (grind)

constables - les gendarmes, agent/-e de police, gendarme

executed - exécuté, exécuter, mettre a mort

bay - baie

rascal - racaille, canaille, coquin, crapule, filou

dodges - esquive, éviter, contourner, esquiver, éluder

conception - conception

whooping - la coqueluche, (whoop) la coqueluche

Miss Murdstone, during the latter portion of the contest, had dismounted, and was now waiting with her brother at the bottom of the steps, until my aunt should be at leisure to receive them. My aunt, a little ruffled by the combat, marched past them into the house, with great dignity, and took no notice of their presence, until they were announced by Janet.

combat - combat, bataille, lutte, combattre

marched past - défiler

'Shall I go away, aunt?'I asked, trembling.

'No, sir,'said my aunt. 'Certainly not!'With which she pushed me into a corner near her, and fenced Me in with a chair, as if it were a prison or a bar of justice. This position I continued to occupy during the whole interview, and from it I now saw Mr. and Miss Murdstone enter the room.

'Oh!'said my aunt, 'I was not aware at first to whom I had the pleasure of objecting. But I don't allow anybody to ride over that turf. I make no exceptions. I don't allow anybody to do it.'

'Your regulation is rather awkward to strangers,'said Miss Murdstone.

'Is it!'said my aunt.

Mr. Murdstone seemed afraid of a renewal of hostilities, and interposing began:

renewal - renouvellement, renouvelement

hostilities - hostilités, hostilité

interposing - par interposition, interposer, intercaler, interrompre, couper

'Miss Trotwood!'

'I beg your pardon,'observed my aunt with a keen look. 'You are the Mr. Murdstone who married the widow of my late nephew, David Copperfield, of Blunderstone Rookery!"Though why Rookery, I don't know!'

'I am,'said Mr. Murdstone.

'You'll excuse my saying, sir,'returned my aunt, 'that I think it would have been a much better and happier thing if you had left that poor child alone.'

'I so far agree with what Miss Trotwood has remarked,'observed Miss Murdstone, bridling, 'that I consider our lamented Clara to have been, in all essential respects, a mere child.'

bridling - bridage, bride, brider, refréner, etre susceptible

'It is a comfort to you and me, ma'am,'said my aunt, 'who are getting on in life, and are not likely to be made unhappy by our personal attractions, that nobody can say the same of us.'

'No doubt!'returned Miss Murdstone, though, I thought, not with a very ready or gracious assent. 'And it certainly might have been, as you say, a better and happier thing for my brother if he had never entered into such a marriage. I have always been of that opinion.'

'I have no doubt you have,'said my aunt. 'Janet,'ringing the bell, 'my compliments to Mr. Dick, and beg him to come down.'

Until he came, my aunt sat perfectly upright and stiff, frowning at the wall. When he came, my aunt performed the ceremony of introduction.

'Mr. Dick. An old and intimate friend. On whose judgement,'said my aunt, with emphasis, as an admonition to Mr. Dick, who was biting his forefinger and looking rather foolish, 'I rely.'

Mr. Dick took his finger out of his mouth, on this hint, and stood among the group, with a grave and attentive expression of face.

My aunt inclined her head to Mr. Murdstone, who went on:

'Miss Trotwood: on the receipt of your letter, I considered it an act of greater justice to myself, and perhaps of more respect to you"s'

'Thank you,'said my aunt, still eyeing him keenly. 'You needn't mind me.'

keenly - vivement

'To answer it in person, however inconvenient the journey,'pursued Mr. Murdstone, 'rather than by letter. This unhappy boy who has run away from his friends and his occupation"'

'And whose appearance,'interposed his sister, directing general attention to me in my indefinable costume, 'is perfectly scandalous and disgraceful.'

scandalous - scandaleux

disgraceful - honteux

'Jane Murdstone,'said her brother, 'have the goodness not to interrupt me. This unhappy boy, Miss Trotwood, has been the occasion of much domestic trouble and uneasiness; both during the lifetime of my late dear wife, and since. He has a sullen, rebellious spirit; a violent temper; and an untoward, intractable disposition.

rebellious - rebelle

untoward - fâcheux

intractable - ingouvernable, insoluble, intraitable, buté

Both my sister and myself have endeavoured to correct his vices, but ineffectually. And I have felt"we both have felt, I may say; my sister being fully in my confidence"that it is right you should receive this grave and dispassionate assurance from our lips.'

vices - vices, étau

ineffectually - sans effet

assurance - l'assurance, assurance, culot

'It can hardly be necessary for me to confirm anything stated by my brother,'said Miss Murdstone; 'but I beg to observe, that, of all the boys in the world, I believe this is the worst boy.'

'Strong!'said my aunt, shortly.

'But not at all too strong for the facts,'returned Miss Murdstone.

'Ha!'said my aunt. 'Well, sir?'


'I have my own opinions,'resumed Mr. Murdstone, whose face darkened more and more, the more he and my aunt observed each other, which they did very narrowly, 'as to the best mode of bringing him up; they are founded, in part, on my knowledge of him, and in part on my knowledge of my own means and resources. I am responsible for them to myself, I act upon them, and I say no more about them.

It is enough that I place this boy under the eye of a friend of my own, in a respectable business; that it does not please him; that he runs away from it; makes himself a common vagabond about the country; and comes here, in rags, to appeal to you, Miss Trotwood.

respectable - respectable, convenable

I wish to set before you, honourably, the exact consequences"so far as they are within my knowledge"of your abetting him in this appeal.'

honourably - honorablement

abetting - complicité, encourager

'But about the respectable business first,'said my aunt. 'If he had been your own boy, you would have put him to it, just the same, I suppose?'

'If he had been my brother's own boy,'returned Miss Murdstone, striking in, 'his character, I trust, would have been altogether different.'

'Or if the poor child, his mother, had been alive, he would still have gone into the respectable business, would he?'said my aunt.

'I believe,'said Mr. Murdstone, with an inclination of his head, 'that Clara would have disputed nothing which myself and my sister Jane Murdstone were agreed was for the best.'

inclination - inclinaison, checktendance

Miss Murdstone confirmed this with an audible murmur.

murmur - murmure, rumeur, souffle, murmurer

'Humph!'said my aunt. 'Unfortunate baby!'

Mr. Dick, who had been rattling his money all this time, was rattling it so loudly now, that my aunt felt it necessary to check him with a look, before saying:

rattling - le cliquetis, (rattle) le cliquetis

'The poor child's annuity died with her?'

'Died with her,'replied Mr. Murdstone.

'And there was no settlement of the little property"the house and garden"the what's-its-name Rookery without any rooks in it"upon her boy?'

settlement - reglement, reglement, solution, colonie, agglomération

'It had been left to her, unconditionally, by her first husband,'Mr. Murdstone began, when my aunt caught him up with the greatest irascibility and impatience.

unconditionally - sans condition

irascibility - irascibilité

'Good Lord, man, there's no occasion to say that. Left to her unconditionally! I think I see David Copperfield looking forward to any condition of any sort or kind, though it stared him point-blank in the face! Of course it was left to her unconditionally.

But when she married again"when she took that most disastrous step of marrying you, in short,'said my aunt, 'to be plain"did no one put in a word for the boy at that time?'

most disastrous - le plus désastreux

'My late wife loved her second husband, ma'am,'said Mr. Murdstone, 'and trusted implicitly in him.'

implicitly - implicitement

'Your late wife, sir, was a most unworldly, most unhappy, most unfortunate baby,'returned my aunt, shaking her head at him. 'That's what she was. And now, what have you got to say next?'

'Merely this, Miss Trotwood,'he returned. 'I am here to take David back"to take him back unconditionally, to dispose of him as I think proper, and to deal with him as I think right. I am not here to make any promise, or give any pledge to anybody. You may possibly have some idea, Miss Trotwood, of abetting him in his running away, and in his complaints to you.

pledge - engagement, promettre, mettre en gage, serment, gage

Your manner, which I must say does not seem intended to propitiate, induces me to think it possible. Now I must caution you that if you abet him once, you abet him for good and all; if you step in between him and me, now, you must step in, Miss Trotwood, for ever. I cannot trifle, or be trifled with. I am here, for the first and last time, to take him away. Is he ready to go?

induces - induit, induire

abet - abet, encourager

trifled - trifouillé, bagatelle, broutille, babiole, bricole

If he is not"and you tell me he is not; on any pretence; it is indifferent to me what"my doors are shut against him henceforth, and yours, I take it for granted, are open to him.'

To this address, my aunt had listened with the closest attention, sitting perfectly upright, with her hands folded on one knee, and looking grimly on the speaker. When he had finished, she turned her eyes so as to command Miss Murdstone, without otherwise disturbing her attitude, and said:

grimly - sinistre

'Well, ma'am, have YOU got anything to remark?'

'Indeed, Miss Trotwood,'said Miss Murdstone, 'all that I could say has been so well said by my brother, and all that I know to be the fact has been so plainly stated by him, that I have nothing to add except my thanks for your politeness.

For your very great politeness, I am sure,'said Miss Murdstone; with an irony which no more affected my aunt, than it discomposed the cannon I had slept by at Chatham.

irony - l'ironie, ironie

'And what does the boy say?'said my aunt. 'Are you ready to go, David?'

I answered no, and entreated her not to let me go. I said that neither Mr. nor Miss Murdstone had ever liked me, or had ever been kind to me. That they had made my mama, who always loved me dearly, unhappy about me, and that I knew it well, and that Peggotty knew it. I said that I had been more miserable than I thought anybody could believe, who only knew how young I was.

And I begged and prayed my aunt"I forget in what terms now, but I remember that they affected me very much then"to befriend and protect me, for my father's sake.

befriend - se lier d'amitié

'Mr. Dick,'said my aunt, 'what shall I do with this child?'

Mr. Dick considered, hesitated, brightened, and rejoined, 'Have him measured for a suit of clothes directly.'

'Mr. Dick,'said my aunt triumphantly, 'give me your hand, for your common sense is invaluable.'Having shaken it with great cordiality, she pulled me towards her and said to Mr. Murdstone:

invaluable - inestimable

cordiality - cordialité

'You can go when you like; I'll take my chance with the boy. If he's all you say he is, at least I can do as much for him then, as you have done. But I don't believe a word of it.'

I don't believe a word of it - Je n'en crois pas un mot

'Miss Trotwood,'rejoined Mr. Murdstone, shrugging his shoulders, as he rose, 'if you were a gentleman"'

shrugging - hausser les épaules, haussement d'épaules

'Bah! Stuff and nonsense!'said my aunt. 'Don't talk to me!'

Bah - bah

'How exquisitely polite!'exclaimed Miss Murdstone, rising. 'Overpowering, really!'

'Do you think I don't know,'said my aunt, turning a deaf ear to the sister, and continuing to address the brother, and to shake her head at him with infinite expression, 'what kind of life you must have led that poor, unhappy, misdirected baby?

misdirected - mal orienté, mal renseigner

Do you think I don't know what a woeful day it was for the soft little creature when you first came in her way"smirking and making great eyes at her, I'll be bound, as if you couldn't say boh! to a goose!'

smirking - sourire en coin, ricanerie, ricaner

boh - boh

goose - l'oie, oie

'I never heard anything so elegant!'said Miss Murdstone.

'Do you think I can't understand you as well as if I had seen you,'pursued my aunt, 'now that I DO see and hear you"which, I tell you candidly, is anything but a pleasure to me? Oh yes, bless us! who so smooth and silky as Mr. Murdstone at first! The poor, benighted innocent had never seen such a man. He was made of sweetness. He worshipped her. He doted on her boy"tenderly doted on him!

candidly - franchement, de bonne foi

silky - soyeux

worshipped - vénéré, culte, adoration, vénération, vénérer

He was to be another father to him, and they were all to live together in a garden of roses, weren't they? Ugh! Get along with you, do!'said my aunt.

roses - des roses, Rose

Ugh - ugh, beurk

'I never heard anything like this person in my life!'exclaimed Miss Murdstone.

'And when you had made sure of the poor little fool,'said my aunt"'God forgive me that I should call her so, and she gone where YOU won't go in a hurry"because you had not done wrong enough to her and hers, you must begin to train her, must you? begin to break her, like a poor caged bird, and wear her deluded life away, in teaching her to sing YOUR notes?'

caged - en cage, cage, encager

deluded - trompés, tricher, tromper

'This is either insanity or intoxication,'said Miss Murdstone, in a perfect agony at not being able to turn the current of my aunt's address towards herself; 'and my suspicion is that it's intoxication.'

insanity - la folie, folie

intoxication - l'intoxication, intoxication

Miss Betsey, without taking the least notice of the interruption, continued to address herself to Mr. Murdstone as if there had been no such thing.

'Mr. Murdstone,'she said, shaking her finger at him, 'you were a tyrant to the simple baby, and you broke her heart. She was a loving baby"I know that; I knew it, years before you ever saw her"and through the best part of her weakness you gave her the wounds she died of. There is the truth for your comfort, however you like it. And you and your instruments may make the most of it.'

tyrant - tyran

'Allow me to inquire, Miss Trotwood,'interposed Miss Murdstone, 'whom you are pleased to call, in a choice of words in which I am not experienced, my brother's instruments?'

'It was clear enough, as I have told you, years before YOU ever saw her"and why, in the mysterious dispensations of Providence, you ever did see her, is more than humanity can comprehend"it was clear enough that the poor soft little thing would marry somebody, at some time or other; but I did hope it wouldn't have been as bad as it has turned out. That was the time, Mr.

dispensations - dispenses, dérogation, dispense

Providence - la providence, Providence

humanity - l'humanité, humanité

Murdstone, when she gave birth to her boy here,'said my aunt; 'to the poor child you sometimes tormented her through afterwards, which is a disagreeable remembrance and makes the sight of him odious now. Aye, aye! you needn't wince!'said my aunt. 'I know it's true without that.'

odious - odieux

He had stood by the door, all this while, observant of her with a smile upon his face, though his black eyebrows were heavily contracted. I remarked now, that, though the smile was on his face still, his colour had gone in a moment, and he seemed to breathe as if he had been running.

'Good day, sir,'said my aunt, 'and good-bye! Good day to you, too, ma'am,'said my aunt, turning suddenly upon his sister. 'Let me see you ride a donkey over my green again, and as sure as you have a head upon your shoulders, I'll knock your bonnet off, and tread upon it!'

It would require a painter, and no common painter too, to depict my aunt's face as she delivered herself of this very unexpected sentiment, and Miss Murdstone's face as she heard it.

depict - représenter, décrire

But the manner of the speech, no less than the matter, was so fiery, that Miss Murdstone, without a word in answer, discreetly put her arm through her brother's, and walked haughtily out of the cottage; my aunt remaining in the window looking after them; prepared, I have no doubt, in case of the donkey's reappearance, to carry her threat into instant execution.

discreetly - discretement, discretement

haughtily - hautainement, avec dédain

reappearance - réapparition

No attempt at defiance being made, however, her face gradually relaxed, and became so pleasant, that I was emboldened to kiss and thank her; which I did with great heartiness, and with both my arms clasped round her neck. I then shook hands with Mr. Dick, who shook hands with me a great many times, and hailed this happy close of the proceedings with repeated bursts of laughter.

proceedings - procédures, acte

bursts - éclatements, éclater, faire éclater, rompre, briser, éclatement

'You'll consider yourself guardian, jointly with me, of this child, Mr. Dick,'said my aunt.

jointly - conjointement

'I shall be delighted,'said Mr. Dick, 'to be the guardian of David's son.'

'Very good,'returned my aunt, 'that's settled. I have been thinking, do you know, Mr. Dick, that I might call him Trotwood?'

'Certainly, certainly. Call him Trotwood, certainly,'said Mr. Dick. 'David's son's Trotwood.'

'Trotwood Copperfield, you mean,'returned my aunt.

'Yes, to be sure. Yes. Trotwood Copperfield,'said Mr. Dick, a little abashed.

My aunt took so kindly to the notion, that some ready-made clothes, which were purchased for me that afternoon, were marked 'Trotwood Copperfield', in her own handwriting, and in indelible marking-ink, before I put them on; and it was settled that all the other clothes which were ordered to be made for me (a complete outfit was bespoke that afternoon)