Don Juan with English-Spanish Dictionary by George Gordon Byron (online free books)

Don Juan con un práctico diccionario inglés-espanol (best ebooks to read)

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Don Juan Text


dedication - dedicación, dedicatoria

Bob Southey! You're a poet, poet laureate,

Bob - Beto

Laureate - laureado, galardonado, ganador, laurear

And representative of all the race.

Although 'tis true that you turned out a Tory at

Last, yours has lately been a common case.

And now my epic renegade, what are ye at

epic - epopeya, poema épico

renegade - renegado, renegada, rebelde

ye - sí; vos

With all the lakers, in and out of place?

A nest of tuneful persons, to my eye

nest - nido

Like four and twenty blackbirds in a pye,

blackbirds - mirlos; mirlo, turpial, soldadito

Which pye being opened they began to sing'

(This old song and new simile holds good),

simile - símil

'A dainty dish to set before the King'

dainty - delicado, manoso

Or Regent, who admires such kind of food.

Regent - regente

And Coleridge too has lately taken wing,

But like a hawk encumbered with his hood,

hawk - gavilán; halcón

hood - capucha

Explaining metaphysics to the nation.

metaphysics - metafísica

I wish he would explain his explanation.

You, Bob, are rather insolent, you know,

insolent - insolente

At being disappointed in your wish

To supersede all warblers here below,

supersede - suprimir; substituir, sustituir, suplantar

warblers - currucas; curruca, aranero, chipe, reinita

And be the only blackbird in the dish.

blackbird - mirlo, turpial, soldadito

And then you overstrain yourself, or so,

overstrain - Sobreesfuerzo

And tumble downward like the flying fish

tumble - dar la vuelta; caída, caer, revolverse

downward - hacia abajo

Gasping on deck, because you soar too high,

gasping - Jadeando; (gasp); jadear, bocanada, calada

soar - subir; planear, elevarse, planar

Bob, And fall for lack of moisture quite a dry Bob.

moisture - humedad

And Wordsworth in a rather long Excursion

excursion - excursión

(I think the quarto holds five hundred pages)

quarto - Cuarto

Has given a sample from the vasty version

vasty - Vasta

Of his new system to perplex the sages.

perplex - perplejidad; confundir, desconcertar

sages - sabios; salvia

'Tis poetry, at least by his assertion,

assertion - aserción; afirmación, aserto

And may appear so when the Dog Star rages,

rages - furia; rabia, furor

And he who understands it would be able

To add a story to the tower of Babel.

You gentlemen, by dint of long seclusion

dint - no; abolladura

From better company, have kept your own

At Keswick, and through still continued fusion

fusion - derretimiento, fundición, fusión

Of one another's minds at last have grown

To deem, as a most logical conclusion,

deem - considerar, concluir, estimar

That poesy has wreaths for you alone.

poesy - poesía

wreaths - coronas; guirnalda, corona, burelete, rodear

There is a narrowness in such a notion,

narrowness - estrechez

Which makes me wish you'd change your lakes for ocean.

I would not imitate the petty thought,

imitate - imitar

petty - pequeno; baladí, de pitiminí, detallista, insignificante

Nor coin my self-love to so base a vice,

self-love - (self-love) Amor propio

vice - vicio; torno de banco

For all the glory your conversion brought,

glory - gloria

conversion - conversión

Since gold alone should not have been its price.

You have your salary; was't for that you wrought?

And Wordsworth has his place in the Excise.

excise - impuestos especiales; impuesto sobre el consumo

You're shabby fellows"true"but poets still

shabby - desalinado; raído, astroso, zarrapastroso, cutre, harapiento

And duly seated on the immortal hill.

duly - bien; debidamente

immortal - inmortal, inmortal

Your bays may hide the baldness of your brows,

bays - ahías; bahía

baldness - calvicie

brows - cejas; (brow) cejas

Perhaps some virtuous blushes; let them go.

virtuous - virtuoso

blushes - se ruboriza; sonrojo, rubor

To you I envy neither fruit nor boughs,

envy - envidia, pelusa, envidiar

boughs - ramas; rama

And for the fame you would engross below,

engross - absorber; acaparar, arramblar, apandar, alzarse con

The field is universal and allows

Scope to all such as feel the inherent glow.

scope - alcance; oportunidad

inherent - inherente

glow - resplandor; fulgir, fulgurar, iluminar, brillar

Scott, Rogers, Campbell, Moore, and Crabbe will try

Rogers - rogers; Rogelio

'Gainst you the question with posterity.

gainst - Contra

posterity - posteridad

For me, who, wandering with pedestrian Muses,

pedestrian - peatón; peatonal, común, prosaico, banal, pedestre

muses - musas; Musa

Contend not with you on the winged'steed,

contend - contender, sostener

steed - caballo; corcel

I wish your fate may yield ye, when she chooses,

fate - destino, azar

yield - ceder

The fame you envy and the skill you need.

And recollect a poet nothing loses

recollect - recuerdas; recordar, acordarse de

In giving to his brethren their full meed

brethren - hermanos

Of merit, and complaint of present days

merit - mérito, merecimiento, meritar

Is not the certain path to future praise.

He that reserves his laurels for posterity

laurels - aureles; laurel, corona de laurel

(Who does not often claim the bright reversion)

Has generally no great crop to spare it, he

Being only injured by his own assertion.

And although here and there some glorious rarity

glorious - glorioso

rarity - raridad, rareza

Arise like Titan from the sea's immersion,

Titan - titán

immersion - inmersión, inmersión

The major part of such appellants go

appellants - recurrentes; apelante

To"God knows where"for no one else can know.

If fallen in evil days on evil tongues,

Milton appealed to the avenger, Time,

avenger - vengador, vengadora

If Time, the avenger, execrates his wrongs

execrates - ejecuta; execrar

And makes the word Miltonic mean sublime,

He deigned not to belie his soul in songs,

deigned - disenado; dignarse

belie - ocultar, contradecir

Nor turn his very talent to a crime.

He did not loathe the sire to laud the son,

loathe - detestar, repugnar, odiar

sire - amo, dueno, senor, seor

laud - loar

But closed the tyrant-hater he begun.

tyrant - tirano

hater - odiador, odiadora, detractor, detractora, envidioso

Think'st thou, could he, the blind old man, arise

thou - tú; vos

Like Samuel from the grave to freeze once more

grave - tumba

The blood of monarchs with his prophecies,

Monarchs - monarcas; monarca

prophecies - rofecías; profecía

Or be alive again"again all hoar

With time and trials, and those helpless eyes

helpless - desamparado; indefenso, incapaz

And heartless daughters"worn and pale and poor,

heartless - sin corazón; cruel, desalmado

Would he adore a sultan? He obey

adore - adorar, querer

sultan - sultán

The intellectual eunuch Castlereagh?

Eunuch - eunuco

cold-blooded, smooth-faced, placid miscreant!

cold blooded - (cold blooded) sangre fría

placid - pacido; plácido

Miscreant - delincuente; facineroso

Dabbling its sleek young hands in Erin's gore,

dabbling - jugando; (dabble); chapotear, aventurarse en, chapoteo, escarceo

sleek - elegante; liso

gore - sangre derramada, sangre coagulada

And thus for wider carnage taught to pant,

carnage - carnicería, masacre, carnaje, matanza

pant - jadeo; jadear, resollar

Transferred to gorge upon a sister shore,

gorge - desfiladero; barranco

The vulgarest tool that tyranny could want,

vulgarest - más vulgar; vulgar, chabacano, ramplón

tyranny - tiranía

With just enough of talent and no more,

To lengthen fetters by another fixed

lengthen - alargar

fetters - grilletes; grillos, pihuelas, or animals, grillos, pihuela

And offer poison long already mixed.

An orator of such set trash of phrase,

orator - orador, oradora

trash - basura, caneca, basura, chusma, papelera

Ineffably, legitimately vile,

ineffably - inefablemente

legitimately - legítimamente

vile - vil

That even its grossest flatterers dare not praise,

grossest - más bruto; repulsivo, gruesa, bruto

flatterers - lisonjeros; lisonjeador, lisonjero, adulador

Nor foes"all nations"condescend to smile.

foes - enemigos; enemigo

condescend to - condescender

Not even a sprightly blunder's spark can blaze

sprightly - veloz

blunder - una metedura de pata; error

spark - chispa

blaze - arde; llamarada, incendio; resplandor

From that Ixion grindstone's ceaseless toil,

Ixion - Ixión

grindstone - muela, afiladora, esmoladera

toil - esfuerzo, labrar, trabajar

That turns and turns to give the world a notion

Of endless torments and perpetual motion.

endless - interminable, sin fin, infinito

torments - ormentos; tormento, atormentar

perpetual - perpetua; perpetuo

A bungler even in its disgusting trade,

bungler - un chapucero; torpe

disgusting - asqueroso; repugnar, dar asco, asquear, asco, repugnancia

And botching, patching, leaving still behind

botching - una chapuza; (botch) una chapuza

patching - Parcheo; (patch) Parcheo

Something of which its masters are afraid,

States to be curbed and thoughts to be confined,

thoughts - pensamientos; pensamiento

confined - confinado; confinar, encorsetar, confín, raya

Conspiracy or congress to be made,

Congress - congreso

Cobbling at manacles for all mankind,

cobbling - empedrado; (cobble); zapatero, ensamblar

manacles - esposas, manillas, esposar

mankind - la humanidad; humanidad, género humano, raza humana

A tinkering slave-maker, who mends old chains,

Maker - hacedor, fabricante

mends - reparaciones; remiendo, remendar, reparar

With God and man's abhorrence for its gains.

abhorrence - aversión; aborrecimiento, odio, repugnancia

If we may judge of matter by the mind,

Emasculated to the marrow, it

Emasculated - emasculado, castrado; debilitado, emascular, castrar

marrow - médula, tuétano

Hath but two objects, how to serve and bind,

bind - bindar; atar, atar (tie), empastar (books), liar, acoplar

Deeming the chain it wears even men may fit,

deeming - considerar, concluir, estimar

Eutropius of its many masters, blind

To worth as freedom, wisdom as to wit,

wit - agudeza, ingenio, chispa, gracia

Fearless, because no feeling dwells in ice;

fearless - intrépido, impávido, sin miedo

dwells - habitar, morar

Its very courage stagnates to a vice.

stagnates - se estanca; estancar

Where shall I turn me not to view its bonds,

For I will never feel them. Italy,

Italy - Italia

Thy late reviving Roman soul desponds

thy - tu; vuestro, vuestra, vuestros, vuestras

reviving - Reviviendo; (revive); revivir

Roman - romano, romano, romana, Román

Beneath the lie this state-thing breathed o'er thee.

beneath - por debajo; bajo

er - r; em

thee - tú; vos (en Espana)

Thy clanking chain and Erin's yet green wounds

clanking - Tocando; (clank) Tocando

Have voices, tongues to cry aloud for me.

aloud - en voz alta, de viva voz

Europe has slaves, allies, kings, armies still,

allies - aliados; aliarse (con)

And Southey lives to sing them very ill.

Meantime, Sir Laureate, I proceed to dedicate

meantime - mientras tanto; entretanto, en tanto

dedicate - dedicar, destinar, dedicarse, inaugurar

In honest simple verse this song to you.

verse - verso; estrofa

And if in flattering strains I do not predicate,

flattering - palanqueador; halagar, adular

strains - correas; estirar, tensar

predicate - predicado

'Tis that I still retain my buff and blue;

Buff - color de ante

My politics as yet are all to educate.

Apostasy's so fashionable too,

apostasy - apostasía

To keep one creed's a task grown quite

creed - credo, creer; (cree); credo, creer

Herculean Is it not so, my Tory, ultra-Julian?

Julian - Julián, juliano


I want a hero: an uncommon want,

uncommon - incomún; raro, poco común, extrano, poco frecuente

When every year and month sends forth a new one,

forth - adelante

Till, after cloying the gazettes with cant,

cloying - Dulce

gazettes - gacetas; gaceta

cant - no puedes; hipocresía

The age discovers he is not the true one;

Of such as these I should not care to vaunt,

vaunt - Vanagloriarse

I'll therefore take our ancient friend Don Juan"

We all have seen him, in the pantomime,

Sent to the devil somewhat ere his time.

devil - demonio; diablo

ere - Aquí

Vernon, the butcher Cumberland, Wolfe, Hawke,

butcher - carnicero; (butch) carnicero

Prince Ferdinand, Granby, Burgoyne, Keppel, Howe,

Evil and good, have had their tithe of talk,

tithe - diezmo

And fill'd their sign posts then, like Wellesley now;

Each in their turn like Banquo's monarchs stalk,

stalk - tallo; palanca; acechar, acosar

Followers of fame, 'nine farrow'of that sow:

followers - seguidores; seguidor, seguidora, imitador

farrow - lechigada (de cochinillos)

sow - sembrar

France, too, had Buonaparte and Dumourier

Recorded in the Moniteur and Courier.

courier - mensajero, estafeta

Barnave, Brissot, Condorcet, Mirabeau,

Petion, Clootz, Danton, Marat, La Fayette,

Were French, and famous people, as we know:

And there were others, scarce forgotten yet,

scarce - escaso

Joubert, Hoche, Marceau, Lannes, Desaix, Moreau,

With many of the military set,

Exceedingly remarkable at times,

exceedingly - excesivamente; extremadamente, sumamente, sobremanera, asaz

But not at all adapted to my rhymes.

rhymes - rimas; rima, rima, rimar

Nelson was once Britannia's god of war,

And still should be so, but the tide is turn'd;

tide - marea

There's no more to be said of Trafalgar,

'Tis with our hero quietly inurn'd;

Because the army 's grown more popular,

At which the naval people are concern'd;

naval - naval

Besides, the prince is all for the land-service,

Forgetting Duncan, Nelson, Howe, and Jervis.

Brave men were living before Agamemnon

Agamemnon - Agamenón

And since, exceeding valorous and sage,

valorous - valiente

sage - sabio; salvia

A good deal like him too, though quite the same none;

But then they shone not on the poet's page,

And so have been forgotten:"I condemn none,

condemn - condenar, clausurar

But can't find any in the present age

Fit for my poem (that is, for my new one);

So, as I said, I'll take my friend Don Juan.

Most epic poets plunge 'in medias res'

plunge - saltar; lanzarse, zambullirse, tirarse de cabeza

(Horace makes this the heroic turnpike road),

heroic - heroico

turnpike - panish: t-needed

And then your hero tells, whene'er you please,

whene - Cuándo

What went before"by way of episode,

While seated after dinner at his ease,

ease - facilidad; aliviar

Beside his mistress in some soft abode,

Mistress - senora; duena, maestra, querida, amante, barragana, manceba, ama

abode - Morada; (abide); quedar, permanecer, resistir, aguantar

Palace, or garden, paradise, or cavern,

paradise - el paraíso; paraíso

cavern - caverna

Which serves the happy couple for a tavern.

happy couple - una pareja feliz

tavern - taberna

That is the usual method, but not mine"

My way is to begin with the beginning;

The regularity of my design

regularity - regularidad, periodicidad

Forbids all wandering as the worst of sinning,

sinning - pecando; pecado

And therefore I shall open with a line

(Although it cost me half an hour in spinning)

spinning - girando; hilatura; (spin) girando; hilatura

Narrating somewhat of Don Juan's father,

narrating - narrando; narrar, contar

And also of his mother, if you'd rather.

In Seville was he born, a pleasant city,

Seville - Sevilla

Famous for oranges and women"he

Who has not seen it will be much to pity,

So says the proverb"and I quite agree;

proverb - proverbio, refrán, paremia

Of all the Spanish towns is none more pretty,

Spanish - espanol; espanol, castellano, espanol, castellano, hispano

Cadiz perhaps"but that you soon may see;

Cadiz - Cádiz

Don Juan's parents lived beside the river,

A noble stream, and call'd the Guadalquivir.

noble - noble

His father's name was Jose"Don, of course,"

A true Hidalgo, free from every stain

Hidalgo - Hidalgo

stain - mancha, lamparón, tacha, mancilla, colorante, contraste

Of Moor or Hebrew blood, he traced his source

moor - páramos; páramo

Hebrew - hebreo, hebreo, hebrea

Through the most Gothic gentlemen of Spain;

Gothic - gótico

Spain - espana; Espana

A better cavalier ne'er mounted horse,

cavalier - caballero

ne - No

Or, being mounted, e'er got down again,

Than Jose, who begot our hero, who

begot - engendró; engendrar, concebir

Begot"but that 's to come"Well, to renew:

renew - reanudar, renovar, reiniciar, recomenzar

His mother was a learned lady, famed

For every branch of every science known

In every Christian language ever named,

Christian - cristiano, cristiana, Cristián

With virtues equall'd by her wit alone,

virtues - irtudes; virtud

equall - igual

She made the cleverest people quite ashamed,

And even the good with inward envy groan,

inward - hacia dentro; interior, adentro

groan - gimoteo; gemido, grunido, gemir, grunir

Finding themselves so very much exceeded

In their own way by all the things that she did.

Her memory was a mine: she knew by heart

All Calderon and greater part of Lope,

lope - lopar; correr a paso largo

So that if any actor miss'd his part

She could have served him for the prompter's copy;

For her Feinagle's were an useless art,

And he himself obliged to shut up shop"he

obliged - obligado; obligar

Could never make a memory so fine as

That which adorn'd the brain of Donna Inez.

adorn - adornar, engalanar

Her favourite science was the mathematical,

mathematical - matemáticas; matemático

Her noblest virtue was her magnanimity,

noblest - el más noble; noble

virtue - virtud

magnanimity - magnanimidad, generosidad

Her wit (she sometimes tried at wit) was Attic all,

attic - tico; buhardilla, desván, zaquizamí, sobrado

Her serious sayings darken'd to sublimity;

sayings - dichos; dicho, proverbio, refrán

darken - oscurecer, obscurecer

sublimity - sublimidad

In short, in all things she was fairly what I call

A prodigy"her morning dress was dimity,

prodigy - prodigio; presagio, augurio, agüero, auspicio, maravilla

Her evening silk, or, in the summer, muslin,

muslin - muselina

And other stuffs, with which I won't stay puzzling.

She knew the Latin"that is, 'the Lord's Prayer,'

Latin - Latín

the Lord's Prayer - El Padre Nuestro

And Greek"the alphabet"I'm nearly sure;

Greek - griego, griego, griega

alphabet - alfabeto, abecedario

She read some French romances here and there,

Although her mode of speaking was not pure;

For native Spanish she had no great care,

At least her conversation was obscure;

obscure - oscuro; obscuro, esconder, ocultar

Her thoughts were theorems, her words a problem,

theorems - teoremas; teorema, teoría, conjetura, suposición, especulación

As if she deem'd that mystery would ennoble 'em.

She liked the English and the Hebrew tongue,

And said there was analogy between 'em;

analogy - una analogía; analogía

She proved it somehow out of sacred song,

sacred - sagrado

But I must leave the proofs to those who've seen 'em;

ve - e

But this I heard her say, and can't be wrong

And all may think which way their judgments lean 'em,

judgments - juicios; juicio

''Tis strange"the Hebrew noun which means śI am,ť

noun - sustantivo, nombre substantivo, nombre sustantivo

The English always use to govern d--n.'

Some women use their tongues"she look'd a lecture,

Each eye a sermon, and her brow a homily,

sermon - sermón

homily - Homilía

An all-in-all sufficient self-director,

Like the lamented late Sir Samuel Romilly,

lamented - lamentó; lamento, lamentación, lamentar

The Law's expounder, and the State's corrector,

expounder - Exponente

Whose suicide was almost an anomaly"

suicide - suicidio, autolisis, suicida

anomaly - anomalía

One sad example more, that 'All is vanity'

vanity - vanidad

(The jury brought their verdict in 'Insanity').

verdict - veredicto, fallo

insanity - locura, insania, vesania

In short, she was a walking calculation,

calculation - cálculo, cálculo, cómputo, conjetura

Miss Edgeworth's novels stepping from their covers,

Or Mrs. Trimmer's books on education,

Trimmer - Recortadora; (trim); recortar, orlar, ribetear

Or 'Coelebs'Wife'set out in quest of lovers,

quest - busca, búsqueda

lovers - amante

Morality's prim personification,

morality - moralidad

prim - formal, remilgado

personification - personificación, prosopopeya

In which not Envy's self a flaw discovers;

flaw - defecto

To others'share let 'female errors fall,'

For she had not even one"the worst of all.

O! she was perfect past all parallel"

Of any modern female saint's comparison;

saint - Santo

So far above the cunning powers of hell,

cunning - astucia; astuto

Her guardian angel had given up his garrison;

guardian - guardián, guardia, apoderado, tutor, custodio, jefe

angel - ángel

garrison - guarnición, apostar

Even her minutest motions went as well

As those of the best time-piece made by Harrison:

In virtues nothing earthly could surpass her,

earthly - terrenal

surpass - sobrepasar, superar, aventajar

Save thine 'incomparable oil,'Macassar!

thine - tu, tuyo, tuya, el tuyo, la tuya

incomparable - incomparable, inigualable

Perfect she was, but as perfection is

perfection - perfección

Insipid in this naughty world of ours,

insipid - insípido, insulso, soso, cursi

naughty - pícaro; cachondo, travieso, maleducado, obsceno, picante

Where our first parents never learn'd to kiss

Till they were exiled from their earlier bowers,

exiled - exilio, destierro, exiliado, desterrado, exiliar, desterrar

Where all was peace, and innocence, and bliss

innocence - inocencia

bliss - euforia, dicha, beatitud

(I wonder how they got through the twelve hours),

Don Jose, like a lineal son of Eve,

eve - víspera, vigilia

Went plucking various fruit without her leave.

plucking - desplumando; herir, desplumar, perseverancia

He was a mortal of the careless kind,

mortal - mortal

With no great love for learning, or the learn'd,

Who chose to go where'er he had a mind,

And never dream'd his lady was concern'd;

The world, as usual, wickedly inclined

wickedly - malvadamente

To see a kingdom or a house o'erturn'd,

Kingdom - reino

erturn - Girar

Whisper'd he had a mistress, some said two"

But for domestic quarrels one will do.

quarrels - peleas; pelea, rina

Now Donna Inez had, with all her merit,

A great opinion of her own good qualities;

Neglect, indeed, requires a saint to bear it,

neglect - descuido; descuidar, negligir, desoír, hacer caso omiso

Saint - San, Santa, Santo

And such, indeed, she was in her moralities;

moralities - moralidades; moralidad

But then she had a devil of a spirit,

And sometimes mix'd up fancies with realities,

And let few opportunities escape

Of getting her liege lord into a scrape.

Liege - lieja; senor feudal, vasallo

scrape - raspar, aranarse, rasparse, abrasión, rasponazo, pelea, pinada

This was an easy matter with a man

Oft in the wrong, and never on his guard;

And even the wisest, do the best they can,

Have moments, hours, and days, so unprepared,

unprepared - Prepararse

That you might 'brain them with their lady's fan;'

And sometimes ladies hit exceeding hard,

And fans turn into falchions in fair hands,

falchions - falchones; bracamante

And why and wherefore no one understands.

wherefore - por qué

'Tis pity learned virgins ever wed

virgins - vírgenes; virgen, doncel, doncella, senorita

wed - casarse; casar

With persons of no sort of education,

Or gentlemen, who, though well born and bred,

bred - criado; (breed); criar, procrear, aparearse, cultivar

Grow tired of scientific conversation:

I don't choose to say much upon this head,

I'm a plain man, and in a single station,

But"Oh! ye lords of ladies intellectual,

Inform us truly, have they not hen-peck'd you all?

hen - gallina

peck - picotear

Don Jose and his lady quarrell'd"why,

quarrell - Discutir

Not any of the many could divine,

divine - divino

Though several thousand people chose to try,

'Twas surely no concern of theirs nor mine;

Twas - wa

I loathe that low vice"curiosity;

curiosity - curiosidad

But if there's anything in which I shine,

'Tis in arranging all my friends'affairs,

Not having of my own domestic cares.

And so I interfered, and with the best

interfered - interferido; panish: t-needed

Intentions, but their treatment was not kind;

I think the foolish people were possess'd,

foolish - tonto, necio, imprudente

For neither of them could I ever find,

Although their porter afterwards confess'd"

But that 's no matter, and the worst 's behind,

For little Juan o'er me threw, down stairs,

A pail of housemaid's water unawares.

pail - cubo

housemaid - Empleada doméstica

unawares - inconsciente, desprevenido, ignorante

A little curly-headed, good-for-nothing,

And mischief-making monkey from his birth;

mischief - travesuras; travesura, diablura, gamberrada

His parents ne'er agreed except in doting

Upon the most unquiet imp on earth;

unquiet - Inquietos

imp - diablillo

Instead of quarrelling, had they been but both in

quarrelling - Discutiendo; (quarrel) Discutiendo

Their senses, they'd have sent young master forth

To school, or had him soundly whipp'd at home,

soundly - a fondo; profundo

To teach him manners for the time to come.

Don Jose and the Donna Inez led

For some time an unhappy sort of life,

Wishing each other, not divorced, but dead;

They lived respectably as man and wife,

respectably - respetablemente, dignamente

Their conduct was exceedingly well-bred,

And gave no outward signs of inward strife,

outward - hacia fuera

strife - conflicto; disensión, altercado

Until at length the smother'd fire broke out,

smother - asfixiar, ahogar

And put the business past all kind of doubt.

For Inez call'd some druggists and physicians,

druggists - Farmacia

physicians - médicos; médico, médica, facultativo

And tried to prove her loving lord was mad;

But as he had some lucid intermissions,

lucid - lúcido, lucido, brillante

intermissions - intermedios; intermisión, intermedio

She next decided he was only bad;

Yet when they ask'd her for her depositions,

No sort of explanation could be had,

Save that her duty both to man and God

Required this conduct"which seem'd very odd.

She kept a journal, where his faults were noted,

And open'd certain trunks of books and letters,

trunks - troncos; tronco, baúl, trompa

All which might, if occasion served, be quoted;

And then she had all Seville for abettors,

abettors - instigadores; cómplice

Besides her good old grandmother (who doted);

The hearers of her case became repeaters,

hearers - Oyente

repeaters - repetidores; repetidor, repetidora

Then advocates, inquisitors, and judges,

advocates - defensores; abogado, abogada, portavoz, representante, vocero

inquisitors - inquisidores; inquisidor

Some for amusement, others for old grudges.

amusement - divertimiento, esparcimiento, diversión

grudges - rencor, manía

And then this best and weakest woman bore

With such serenity her husband's woes,

serenity - sosiego, tranquilidad, serenidad, excelencia

woes - problemas; pena, infortunio, ay

Just as the Spartan ladies did of yore,

yore - antano; antano

Who saw their spouses kill'd, and nobly chose

spouses - cónyuges; cónyuge, consorte

nobly - noblemente

Never to say a word about them more"

Calmly she heard each calumny that rose,

calmly - con calma; tranquilamente

calumny - calumnias; calumnia

And saw his agonies with such sublimity,

agonies - agonías; agonía, angustia

That all the world exclaim'd, 'What magnanimity!'

exclaim - exclamar

No doubt this patience, when the world is damning us,

damning - condenatorio; maldecir, condenar, reprobar, maldito, puto

Is philosophic in our former friends;

philosophic - filosófica

'Tis also pleasant to be deem'd magnanimous,

magnanimous - magnánimo

The more so in obtaining our own ends;

And what the lawyers call a 'malus animus'

Conduct like this by no means comprehends;

comprehends - comprender

Revenge in person 's certainly no virtue,

revenge - venganza

But then 'tis not my fault, if others hurt you.

And if your quarrels should rip up old stories,

rip - rasgar, desgarrar

And help them with a lie or two additional,

I'm not to blame, as you well know"no more is

Any one else"they were become traditional;

Besides, their resurrection aids our glories

resurrection - resurrección

glories - glorias; gloria

By contrast, which is what we just were wishing all:

And science profits by this resurrection"

Dead scandals form good subjects for dissection.

dissection - disección

Their friends had tried at reconciliation,

reconciliation - reconciliación

Then their relations, who made matters worse.

('Twere hard to tell upon a like occasion

To whom it may be best to have recourse"

recourse - recurso

I can't say much for friend or yet relation):

The lawyers did their utmost for divorce,

utmost - extremo, descollante, extremado, sobresaliente, sumo, máximo

But scarce a fee was paid on either side

Before, unluckily, Don Jose died.

unluckily - desgraciadamente; desafortunadamente

He died: and most unluckily, because,

According to all hints I could collect

hints - sugerencias; pista, indicio, indirecta, buscapié, toque

From counsel learned in those kinds of laws

counsel - consulta, consejo, abogado

(Although their talk 's obscure and circumspect),

circumspect - circunspecto, cauteloso, cauto, precavido

His death contrived to spoil a charming cause;

contrived - ingenioso; idear, improvisar

A thousand pities also with respect

To public feeling, which on this occasion

public feeling - Sentimiento público

Was manifested in a great sensation.

manifested - manifestado; manifiesto, evidente, declaración de carga

sensation - sensación

But, ah! he died; and buried with him lay

The public feeling and the lawyers'fees:

His house was sold, his servants sent away,

sent away - se ha enviado lejos

A Jew took one of his two mistresses,

mistresses - amantes; duena, maestra, querida, amante, barragana, manceba

A priest the other"at least so they say:

I ask'd the doctors after his disease"

He died of the slow fever call'd the tertian,

tertian - terciano

And left his widow to her own aversion.

widow - viuda, enviudar

aversion - aversión

Yet Jose was an honourable man,

honourable - Honorable

That I must say who knew him very well;

Therefore his frailties I'll no further scan

frailties - debilidades; fragilidad

Indeed there were not many more to tell;

And if his passions now and then outran

Discretion, and were not so peaceable

discretion - discreción

peaceable - paz; pacifista, pacífico, apacible

As Numa's (who was also named Pompilius),

He had been ill brought up, and was born bilious.

bilious - bilioso, biliar, biliario, atrabiliario, atrabilioso

Whate'er might be his worthlessness or worth,

Poor fellow! he had many things to wound him.

Let 's own"since it can do no good on earth"

It was a trying moment that which found him

Standing alone beside his desolate hearth,

desolate - desierto, desolado, devastado

hearth - hogar, lar, solera, fogón, crisol

Where all his household gods lay shiver'd round him:

shiver - tiritando; temblar, tiritar, estremecerse

No choice was left his feelings or his pride,

feelings - Sentimientos

Save death or Doctors'Commons"so he died.

Dying intestate, Juan was sole heir

dying - Muriendo; (dye) Muriendo

intestate - intestado; abintestato

sole heir - único heredero

To a chancery suit, and messuages, and lands,

Chancery - Cancillería

messuages - mesones; mansión

Which, with a long minority and care,

Promised to turn out well in proper hands:

Inez became sole guardian, which was fair,

sole - suela; planta

And answer'd but to nature's just demands;

An only son left with an only mother

Is brought up much more wisely than another.

wisely - sabiamente

Sagest of women, even of widows, she

Sagest - sagest; combarse, ceder, arquearse

widows - viudas; viuda, enviudar

Resolved that Juan should be quite a paragon,

paragon - modelo, dechado, parangón, gran paragon

And worthy of the noblest pedigree

worthy - Digno

pedigree - pedigrí

(His sire was of Castile, his dam from Aragon):

Castile - Castilla

dam - presa; dique

Aragon - Aragón

Then for accomplishments of chivalry,

accomplishments - logros; logro, éxito

chivalry - caballerismo; caballerosidad

In case our lord the king should go to war again,

He learn'd the arts of riding, fencing, gunnery,

And how to scale a fortress"or a nunnery.

fortress - fortaleza

nunnery - un convento; convento

But that which Donna Inez most desired,

most desired - el más deseado

And saw into herself each day before all

The learned tutors whom for him she hired,

tutors - tutores; tutor

Was, that his breeding should be strictly moral;

breeding - Cría; (breed); criar, procrear, aparearse, cultivar, engendrar

Much into all his studies she inquired,

inquired - preguntó; investigar, informarse

And so they were submitted first to her, all,

Arts, sciences, no branch was made a mystery

To Juan's eyes, excepting natural history.

The languages, especially the dead,

The sciences, and most of all the abstruse,

abstruse - abstruso

The arts, at least all such as could be said

To be the most remote from common use,

In all these he was much and deeply read;

But not a page of any thing that 's loose,

Or hints continuation of the species,

continuation - continuación

Was ever suffer'd, lest he should grow vicious.

vicious - panish: t-needed

His classic studies made a little puzzle,

Because of filthy loves of gods and goddesses,

filthy - sucio, mugriento, mugroso, inmundo

goddesses - diosas; diosa

Who in the earlier ages raised a bustle,

bustle - tiempo; polisón, abundar

But never put on pantaloons or bodices;

bodices - corpinos; corpino, jubón

His reverend tutors had at times a tussle,

Reverend - reverendo

And for their AEneids, Iliads, and Odysseys,

Aeneids - aneidas; Eneida

Iliads - iliadas; Ilíada

Odysseys - odiseas; odisea

Were forced to make an odd sort! of apology,

For Donna Inez dreaded the Mythology.

dreaded - temido; temer, pavor, temor

mythology - mitología

Ovid 's a rake, as half his verses show him,

rake - rastrillo

verses - versos; estrofa

Anacreon's morals are a still worse sample,

Catullus scarcely has a decent poem,

scarcely - apenas, difícilmente

I don't think Sappho's Ode a good example,

Sappho - Safo

Ode - oda

Although Longinus tells us there is no hymn

hymn - himno

Where the sublime soars forth on wings more ample:

soars - se dispara; planear, elevarse, planar

ample - amplio, extenso, abundante, generoso

But Virgil's songs are pure, except that horrid one

Virgil - Virgilio

horrid - horrible; hórrido, horrendo

Beginning with 'Formosum Pastor Corydon.'

pastor - pastor, checkpastora

Lucretius'irreligion is too strong,

irreligion - irreligión

For early stomachs, to prove wholesome food;

wholesome - saludable, sano, íntegro

I can't help thinking Juvenal was wrong,

Although no doubt his real intent was good,

intent - intención, intento, propósito, concentrado, entregado

For speaking out so plainly in his song,

So much indeed as to be downright rude;

And then what proper person can be partial

partial - parcial

To all those nauseous epigrams of Martial?

nauseous - náuseas; nauseabundo

epigrams - epigramas; epigrama

Juan was taught from out the best edition,

Expurgated by learned men, who place

expurgated - expurgado; expurgar

Judiciously, from out the schoolboy's vision,

The grosser parts; but, fearful to deface

grosser - Más asqueroso; (gross); repulsivo, gruesa, bruto

fearful - miedoso, temeroso, terrible, checkespantoso, checktremendo

deface - desfigurar; pintarrajear

Too much their modest bard by this omission,

Bard - Bardo

omission - omisión

And pitying sore his mutilated case,

sore - dolorido; doloroso

mutilated - mutilado; mutilar

They only add them all in an appendix,

appendix - apéndice

Which saves, in fact, the trouble of an index;

For there we have them all 'at one fell swoop,'

swoop - en picado; precipitarse, abalanzarse, lanzarse en picada

Instead of being scatter'd through the Pages;

Scatter - dispersión; dispersar, esparcir

They stand forth marshall'd in a handsome troop,

handsome - apuesto, guapo, de buen parecer, lindo

To meet the ingenuous youth of future ages,

ingenuous - inocente, ingenuo

Till some less rigid editor shall stoop

rigid - rígido

stoop - inclinarse, agacharse

To call them back into their separate cages,

cages - jaulas; jaula, cabina, enjaular

Instead of standing staring all together,

Like garden gods"and not so decent either.

The Missal too (it was the family Missal)

missal - misal

Was ornamented in a sort of way

ornamented - ornamentado; ornamento, ornamento musical

Which ancient mass-books often are, and this all

Kinds of grotesques illumined; and how they,

grotesques - grotescos; grotesco

illumined - iluminar

Who saw those figures on the margin kiss all,

Could turn their optics to the text and pray,

optics - óptica; óptico

Is more than I know"But Don Juan's mother

Kept this herself, and gave her son another.

Sermons he read, and lectures he endured,

Sermons - sermones; sermón

endured - oportado; aguantar, perdurar, tolerar, consentir, condescender

And homilies, and lives of all the saints;

homilies - Homilía

Saints - santos; San, Santa, Santo

To Jerome and to Chrysostom inured,

Inured - enfermo; acostumbrar, habituar, avezar

He did not take such studies for restraints;

restraints - restricciones; restricción, limitación, reserva, moderación

But how faith is acquired, and then ensured,

So well not one of the aforesaid paints

aforesaid - usodicha; antedicho, sobredicho, susodicho

As Saint Augustine in his fine Confessions,

Augustine - Augustín, Agustín

confessions - confesiones; confesión

Which make the reader envy his transgressions.

transgressions - ransgresiones; transgresión

This, too, was a seal'd book to little Juan"

seal - sello

I can't but say that his mamma was right,

mamma - mama, mamá

If such an education was the true one.

She scarcely trusted him from out her sight;

Her maids were old, and if she took a new one,

maids - sirvientas; doncella, senorita, doméstica, empleada doméstica

You might be sure she was a perfect fright;

fright - miedo; susto

She did this during even her husband's life"

I recommend as much to every wife.

Young Juan wax'd in goodliness and grace;

wax - cera

goodliness - Bondad

grace - gracias, benedícite, gracia, donaire, merced

At six a charming child, and at eleven

With all the promise of as fine a face

As e'er to man's maturer growth was given:

maturer - más maduro; (mature) más maduro

He studied steadily, and grew apace,

And seem'd, at least, in the right road to heaven,

For half his days were pass'd at church, the other

Between his tutors, confessor, and mother.

confessor - confesor; confesante

At six, I said, he was a charming child,

At twelve he was a fine, but quiet boy;

Although in infancy a little wild,

They tamed him down amongst them: to destroy

tamed - domado; domesticado; doméstico

amongst - entre

His natural spirit not in vain they toil'd,

vain - vanidoso, vano, vacuo

At least it seem'd so; and his mother's joy

Was to declare how sage, and still, and steady,

Her young philosopher was grown already.

philosopher - filósofo, filósofa

I had my doubts, perhaps I have them still,

But what I say is neither here nor there:

I knew his father well, and have some skill

In character"but it would not be fair

From sire to son to augur good or ill:

augur - augur, augurar, presagiar

He and his wife were an ill-sorted pair"

But scandal 's my aversion"I protest

Against all evil speaking, even in jest.

jest - bromea; broma

For my part I say nothing"nothing"but

This I will say"my reasons are my own"

That if I had an only son to put

To school (as God be praised that I have none),

'Tis not with Donna Inez I would shut

Him up to learn his catechism alone,

catechism - catecismo

No"no"I'd send him out betimes to college,

betimes - tiempo

For there it was I pick'd up my own knowledge.

For there one learns"'tis not for me to boast,

boast - presumir; vanagloriarse, jactarse de, fanfarronear

Though I acquired"but I pass over that,

As well as all the Greek I since have lost:

I say that there's the place"but 'Verbum sat.'

I think I pick'd up too, as well as most,

Knowledge of matters"but no matter what"

I never married"but, I think, I know

That sons should not be educated so.

Young Juan now was sixteen years of age,

Tall, handsome, slender, but well knit: he seem'd

slender - esbelto

knit - hacer punto, tricotar, tejer, soldarse, construir, elaborar

Active, though not so sprightly, as a page;

And everybody but his mother deem'd

Him almost man; but she flew in a rage

rage - furia; rabia, furor

And bit her lips (for else she might have scream'd)

If any said so, for to be precocious

precocious - precoz

Was in her eyes a thing the most atrocious.

atrocious - atroz, malvado, ofensivo

Amongst her numerous acquaintance, all

acquaintance - conocido; amistad, conocimiento, junta, relación

Selected for discretion and devotion,

devotion - devoción, dedicación, fervor, veneración

There was the Donna Julia, whom to call

Pretty were but to give a feeble notion

feeble - débil, endeble, feble, deficiente

Of many charms in her as natural

charms - encantos; encanto

As sweetness to the flower, or salt to ocean,

sweetness - dulzura, dulzor, melosidad, dulcedumbre, agradabilidad

Her zone to Venus, or his bow to Cupid

Venus - Venus

bow - arco; inclinar(se), hacer una reverencia

Cupid - Cupido

(But this last simile is trite and stupid).

trite - rillado; banal

The darkness of her Oriental eye

Accorded with her Moorish origin

accorded - oncedido; acuerdo, convenio, acordar, conceder, conferir

Moorish - moriscos; morisco

(Her blood was not all Spanish, by the by;

In Spain, you know, this is a sort of sin);

sin - pecado

When proud Granada fell, and, forced to fly,

Granada - Granada

Boabdil wept, of Donna Julia's kin

wept - lloró; llorar

kin - familia, parientes

Some went to Africa, some stay'd in Spain,

Africa - África

Her great-great-grandmamma chose to remain.

grandmamma - Abuela

She married (I forget the pedigree)

With an Hidalgo, who transmitted down

His blood less noble than such blood should be;

At such alliances his sires would frown,

alliances - alianzas; alianza

frown - fruncir el ceno

In that point so precise in each degree

That they bred in and in, as might be shown,

Marrying their cousins"nay, their aunts, and nieces,

nieces - sobrinas; sobrina

Which always spoils the breed, if it increases.

breed - criar, procrear, aparearse, cultivar, engendrar, raza

This heathenish cross restored the breed again,

heathenish - agano

Ruin'd its blood, but much improved its flesh;

flesh - carne, pellejo, descarnar

For from a root the ugliest in Old Spain

Sprung up a branch as beautiful as fresh;

The sons no more were short, the daughters plain:

But there's a rumour which I fain would hush,

rumour - rumor

Hush - callar, callarse, calmar, acallar, silencio

'Tis said that Donna Julia's grandmamma

Produced her Don more heirs at love than law.

heirs - herederos; heredero, sucesor, checkheredera

However this might be, the race went on

Improving still through every generation,

Until it centred in an only son,

Who left an only daughter; my narration

narration - narración

May have suggested that this single one

Could be but Julia (whom on this occasion

I shall have much to speak about), and she

Was married, charming, chaste, and twenty-three.

chaste - casta; casto

Her eye (I'm very fond of handsome eyes)

Was large and dark, suppressing half its fire

suppressing - suprimiendo; reprimar, contener, ocultar, suprimir

Until she spoke, then through its soft disguise

disguise - disfraz, pantalla, tapadera, disfrazar

Flash'd an expression more of pride than ire,

ire - Ira

And love than either; and there would arise

A something in them which was not desire,

But would have been, perhaps, but for the soul

Which struggled through and chasten'd down the whole.

chasten - castigar, escarmentar

Her glossy hair was cluster'd o'er a brow

glossy - brillante, lustroso, reluciente

cluster - amontonamiento, agrupamiento, aglomeración, racimo, cúmulo

Bright with intelligence, and fair, and smooth;

Her eyebrow's shape was like th'aerial bow,

eyebrow - ceja

th - Qué

aerial - aéreo, antena

Her cheek all purple with the beam of youth,

beam - rayo; viga, timón, radio

Mounting at times to a transparent glow,

transparent - transparente

As if her veins ran lightning; she, in sooth,

veins - venas; vena

lightning - un rayo; relámpago, rayo

sooth - calmar; verdad

Possess'd an air and grace by no means common:

Her stature tall"I hate a dumpy woman.

stature - estatura

dumpy - rechoncho

Wedded she was some years, and to a man

wedded - casada; casar

Of fifty, and such husbands are in plenty;

And yet, I think, instead of such a ONE

'Twere better to have TWO of five-and-twenty,

Especially in countries near the sun:

And now I think on 't, 'mi vien in mente,'

Ladies even of the most uneasy virtue

most uneasy - el más incómodo/ inquieto

Prefer a spouse whose age is short of thirty.

spouse - cónyuge, consorte

'Tis a sad thing, I cannot choose but say,

And all the fault of that indecent sun,

Who cannot leave alone our helpless clay,

leave alone - dejar en paz

clay - arcilla, barro

But will keep baking, broiling, burning on,

broiling - asar a la parrilla

That howsoever people fast and pray,

The flesh is frail, and so the soul undone:

frail - frágil; débil, delicado

undone - deshecho; deshacer

What men call gallantry, and gods adultery,

gallantry - galantería; coraje, valor

adultery - adulterio

Is much more common where the climate 's sultry.

sultry - suave; bochornoso, tórrido, caliente

Happy the nations of the moral North!

Where all is virtue, and the winter season

Sends sin, without a rag on, shivering forth

rag - trapo

shivering - Tiritando; (shiver) Tiritando

('Twas snow that brought St. Anthony to reason);

Where juries cast up what a wife is worth,

By laying whate'er sum in mulct they please on

mulct - multar

The lover, who must pay a handsome price,

lover - amante

Because it is a marketable vice.

marketable - comercializable; comerciable, marquetinero

Alfonso was the name of Julia's lord,

A man well looking for his years, and who

Was neither much beloved nor yet abhorr'd:

beloved - querida; amado, querido, bienamado

abhorr - Aborrecer

They lived together, as most people do,

Suffering each other's foibles by accord,

foibles - debilidades; manía, defecto, punto débil, parte débil

accord - acuerdo, convenio, acordar, conceder, conferir

And not exactly either one or two;

Yet he was jealous, though he did not show it,

jealous - celoso, encelado, envidioso, checkenvidioso

For jealousy dislikes the world to know it.

jealousy - celo, celos, envidia

Julia was"yet I never could see why"

With Donna Inez quite a favourite friend;

Between their tastes there was small sympathy,

For not a line had Julia ever penn'd:

Some people whisper but no doubt they lie,

For malice still imputes some private end,

malice - malicia

imputes - imputar

That Inez had, ere Don Alfonso's marriage,

Forgot with him her very prudent carriage;

Prudent - prudente, atentado

carriage - coche, carruaje

And that still keeping up the old connection,

Which time had lately render'd much more chaste,

render - renderizar; dejar, volver

more chaste - más casto

She took his lady also in affection,

affection - afecto, carino, apego

And certainly this course was much the best:

She flatter'd Julia with her sage protection,

And complimented Don Alfonso's taste;

complimented - cumplido, felicitar, cumplimentar

And if she could not (who can?) silence scandal,

At least she left it a more slender handle.

more slender - más delgado

I can't tell whether Julia saw the affair

With other people's eyes, or if her own

Discoveries made, but none could be aware

Of this, at least no symptom e'er was shown;

Perhaps she did not know, or did not care,

Indifferent from the first or callous grown:

indifferent - indiferente

callous - insensible, cruel, desconsiderado, calloso

I'm really puzzled what to think or say,

She kept her counsel in so close a way.

Juan she saw, and, as a pretty child,

Caress'd him often"such a thing might be

caress - caricia, carantona, acariciar

Quite innocently done, and harmless styled,

innocently - inocentemente

harmless - inocuo, inofensivo

When she had twenty years, and thirteen he;

But I am not so sure I should have smiled

When he was sixteen, Julia twenty-three;

These few short years make wondrous alterations,

wondrous - maravilloso

alterations - alteraciones; alteración, cambio, modificación

Particularly amongst sun-burnt nations.

Whate'er the cause might be, they had become

Changed; for the dame grew distant, the youth shy,

Their looks cast down, their greetings almost dumb,

greetings - saludos; saludo

dumb - tonto; mudo

And much embarrassment in either eye;

embarrassment - vergüenza, corte g

There surely will be little doubt with some

That Donna Julia knew the reason why,

But as for Juan, he had no more notion

Than he who never saw the sea of ocean.

Yet Julia's very coldness still was kind,

coldness - frío, frialdad, displicencia

And tremulously gentle her small hand

tremulously - Temblorosamente

Withdrew itself from his, but left behind

A little pressure, thrilling, and so bland

thrilling - emocionante; excitar; emocionar, conmover

bland - soso; de sabor imperceptible, insípido

And slight, so very slight, that to the mind

'Twas but a doubt; but ne'er magician's wand

magician - mago, fenómeno, checkhechicero

wand - varita

Wrought change with all Armida's fairy art

fairy - hada, marica, mujercita

Like what this light touch left on Juan's heart.

And if she met him, though she smiled no more,

She look'd a sadness sweeter than her smile,

sadness - tristeza, desgracia, infortunio

As if her heart had deeper thoughts in store

She must not own, but cherish'd more the while

cherish - apreciar; mimar

For that compression in its burning core;

compression - compresión

Even innocence itself has many a wile,

And will not dare to trust itself with truth,

And love is taught hypocrisy from youth.

hypocrisy - hipocresía

But passion most dissembles, yet betrays

dissembles - disimular, fingir

Betrays - traicionar, entregar, vender, delatar, demostrar

Even by its darkness; as the blackest sky

Foretells the heaviest tempest, it displays

foretells - predice; predecir, pronosticar, vaticinar

tempest - tormenta; tempestad, temporal

Its workings through the vainly guarded eye,

workings - Trabajando

vainly - en vano; vanamente

And in whatever aspect it arrays

arrays - atrices; atavío, galas, distribución, ristra, gama, vector

Itself, 'tis still the same hypocrisy;

Coldness or anger, even disdain or hate,

disdain - desdén, desprecio, desdeno, desdenar, despreciar

Are masks it often wears, and still too late.

masks - máscaras; máscara, careta, mascarilla

Then there were sighs, the deeper for suppression,

sighs - suspirar

And stolen glances, sweeter for the theft,

glances - miradas; ojear, echar un vistazo, mirar, pispear, vistazo

And burning blushes, though for no transgression,

transgression - una transgresión; transgresión

Tremblings when met, and restlessness when left;

restlessness - agitación, desasosiego, desazón, inquietud

All these are little preludes to possession,

preludes - preludios; preludio, antesala

Of which young passion cannot be bereft,

bereft - desamparado; privado (de); (bereave); arrebatar, despojar

And merely tend to show how greatly love is

merely - simplemente; meramente, puramente, solamente, sólo

Embarrass'd at first starting with a novice.

embarrass - avergonzar, abochornar, sonrojar, humillar

novice - novato; novicio

Poor Julia's heart was in an awkward state;

She felt it going, and resolved to make

The noblest efforts for herself and mate,

For honour's, pride's, religion's, virtue's sake;

sake - por, por motivo de; por el bien de

Her resolutions were most truly great,

And almost might have made a Tarquin quake:

She pray'd the Virgin Mary for her grace,

Virgin - virgen, doncel, doncella, senorita

Mary - María

As being the best judge of a lady's case.

She vow'd she never would see Juan more,

vow - voto, manda, promesa

And next day paid a visit to his mother,

And look'd extremely at the opening door,

Which, by the Virgin's grace, let in another;

Grateful she was, and yet a little sore"

Again it opens, it can be no other,

'Tis surely Juan now"No! I'm afraid

I'm afraid - Tengo miedo

That night the Virgin was no further pray'd.

She now determined that a virtuous woman

Should rather face and overcome temptation,

temptation - tentación

That flight was base and dastardly, and no man

dastardly - Desalmado

Should ever give her heart the least sensation;

That is to say, a thought beyond the common

Preference, that we must feel upon occasion

For people who are pleasanter than others,

But then they only seem so many brothers.

And even if by chance"and who can tell?

The devil 's so very sly"she should discover

sly - astuto, pillo, listo, habilidoso

That all within was not so very well,

And, if still free, that such or such a lover

Might please perhaps, a virtuous wife can quell

quell - acabar; reprimir, sofocar

Such thoughts, and be the better when they're over;

And if the man should ask, 'tis but denial:

denial - mentira, negación, negativa

I recommend young ladies to make trial.

And then there are such things as love divine,

Bright and immaculate, unmix'd and pure,

immaculate - inmaculada; inmaculado

unmix - desmezclar

Such as the angels think so very fine,

angels - ángeles; ángel

And matrons who would be no less secure,

matrons - matronas; matrona

Platonic, perfect, 'just such love as mine;'

Thus Julia said"and thought so, to be sure;

And so I'd have her think, were I the man

On whom her reveries celestial ran.

reveries - recuperación

celestial - celestial, celeste

Such love is innocent, and may exist

Between young persons without any danger.

A hand may first, and then a lip be kist;

For my part, to such doings I'm a stranger,

doings - Haciendo

But hear these freedoms form the utmost list

Of all o'er which such love may be a ranger:

Ranger - alimanero, guardaparque, guardacaza, montaraz

If people go beyond, 'tis quite a crime,

But not my fault"I tell them all in time.

Love, then, but love within its proper limits,

Was Julia's innocent determination

In young Don Juan's favour, and to him its

Exertion might be useful on occasion;

exertion - esfuerzo

And, lighted at too pure a shrine to dim its

shrine - santuario, relicario

dim - débil, ténue

Ethereal lustre, with what sweet persuasion

ethereal - etéreo

lustre - brillo

persuasion - persuasión

He might be taught, by love and her together"

I really don't know what, nor Julia either.

Fraught with this fine intention, and well fenced

fraught - enso

In mail of proof"her purity of soul"

purity - pureza

She, for the future of her strength convinced.

And that her honour was a rock, or mole,

mole - lunar

Exceeding sagely from that hour dispensed

sagely - sabiamente

dispensed - dispensado; dispensar

With any kind of troublesome control;

troublesome - problemático, prolijo

But whether Julia to the task was equal

Is that which must be mention'd in the sequel.

sequel - secuela

Her plan she deem'd both innocent and feasible,

feasible - es factible; factible, asequible, dable, viable

And, surely, with a stripling of sixteen

Not scandal's fangs could fix on much that 's seizable,

fangs - colmillos; colmillo

seizable - incautables

Or if they did so, satisfied to mean

Nothing but what was good, her breast was peaceable"

A quiet conscience makes one so serene!

conscience - conciencia

serene - sereno

Christians have burnt each other, quite persuaded

Christians - cristianos; cristiano, cristiana, Cristián

That all the Apostles would have done as they did.

apostles - apóstoles; apóstol

And if in the mean time her husband died,

But Heaven forbid that such a thought should cross

Her brain, though in a dream! (and then she sigh'd)

sigh - suspiro; suspirar

Never could she survive that common loss;

But just suppose that moment should betide,

I only say suppose it"inter nos.

inter - enterrar

(This should be entre nous, for Julia thought

In French, but then the rhyme would go for naught.)

rhyme - rima, rima, rimar

naught - nada

I only say suppose this supposition:

supposition - suposición

Juan being then grown up to man's estate

Would fully suit a widow of condition,

Even seven years hence it would not be too late;

And in the interim (to pursue this vision)

interim - interino, ínterin

The mischief, after all, could not be great,

For he would learn the rudiments of love,

rudiments - rudimentos; rudimento

I mean the seraph way of those above.

seraph - serafín

So much for Julia. Now we'll turn to Juan.

Poor little fellow! he had no idea

Of his own case, and never hit the true one;

In feelings quick as Ovid's Miss Medea,

He puzzled over what he found a new one,

But not as yet imagined it could be

Thing quite in course, and not at all alarming,

Which, with a little patience, might grow charming.

Silent and pensive, idle, restless, slow,

pensive - pensativo, meditabundo, amohinado, melancólico

idle - ocioso; parado, inactivo

restless - inquieto

His home deserted for the lonely wood,

Tormented with a wound he could not know,

tormented - atormentado; tormento, atormentar

His, like all deep grief, plunged in solitude:

grief - duelo; pesar, pesadumbre, dolor, sufrimiento

plunged - se hundió; lanzarse, zambullirse, tirarse de cabeza

solitude - soledad, solitud

I'm fond myself of solitude or so,

But then, I beg it may be understood,

By solitude I mean a sultan's, not

A hermit's, with a haram for a grot.

Hermit - ermitano; ermitano

'Oh Love! in such a wilderness as this,

wilderness - salvajes; descampado, jungla, maleza, monte

Where transport and security entwine,

Here is the empire of thy perfect bliss,

And here thou art a god indeed divine.'

The bard I quote from does not sing amiss,

amiss - algún problema; mal

With the exception of the second line,

For that same twining 'transport and security'

Are twisted to a phrase of some obscurity.

twisted - retorcido; torcer, sacar punta a, torcerse

obscurity - obscuridad; oscuridad

The poet meant, no doubt, and thus appeals

To the good sense and senses of mankind,

The very thing which every body feels,

As all have found on trial, or may find,

That no one likes to be disturb'd at meals

Or love."I won't say more about 'entwined'

Or 'transport,'as we knew all that before,

But beg 'Security'will bolt the door.

bolt - perno; pestillo

Young Juan wander'd by the glassy brooks,

glassy - vidrioso, vítreo

brooks - brooks; arroyo

Thinking unutterable things; he threw

Himself at length within the leafy nooks

leafy - hojas; frondoso, foliáceo

nooks - rincones; rincón, recoveco

Where the wild branch of the cork forest grew;

cork - corcho; Cork

There poets find materials for their books,

And every now and then we read them through,

So that their plan and prosody are eligible,

prosody - prosodia

eligible - es elegible; elegible, propio, cualificado, apto

Unless, like Wordsworth, they prove unintelligible.

unintelligible - ininteligible

He, Juan (and not Wordsworth), so pursued

His self-communion with his own high soul,

communion - comunión

Until his mighty heart, in its great mood,

mighty - poderoso

Had mitigated part, though not the whole

mitigated - mitigado; mitigar

Of its disease; he did the best he could

With things not very subject to control,

And turn'd, without perceiving his condition,

Like Coleridge, into a metaphysician.

metaphysician - metafísico

He thought about himself, and the whole earth

Of man the wonderful, and of the stars,

And how the deuce they ever could have birth;

deuce - Dos

And then he thought of earthquakes, and of wars,

How many miles the moon might have in girth,

girth - círculo; cincha, circunferencia, cintura

Of air-balloons, and of the many bars

To perfect knowledge of the boundless skies;"

boundless - ilimitado, sin límites

And then he thought of Donna Julia's eyes.

In thoughts like these true wisdom may discern

discern - percibir, sensar, vislumbrar, discernir

Longings sublime, and aspirations high,

longings - Anhelo

aspirations - aspiración

Which some are born with, but the most part learn

To plague themselves withal, they know not why:

plague - plaga, peste, plagar, molestar, atormentar

withal - con todo

'Twas strange that one so young should thus concern

His brain about the action of the sky;

If you think 'twas philosophy that this did,

I can't help thinking puberty assisted.

puberty - pubertad

He pored upon the leaves, and on the flowers,

pored - pored; poro

And heard a voice in all the winds; and then

winds - vientos; viento, aire

He thought of wood-nymphs and immortal bowers,

nymphs - ninfas; ninfa

And how the goddesses came down to men:

He miss'd the pathway, he forgot the hours,

pathway - camino; via, ruta

And when he look'd upon his watch again,

He found how much old Time had been a winner"

He also found that he had lost his dinner.

Sometimes he turn'd to gaze upon his book,

gaze - mirada; observar, mirar fijamente

Boscan, or Garcilasso;"by the wind

wind - viento, aire

Even as the page is rustled while we look,

rustled - susurrado; crujido

So by the poesy of his own mind

Over the mystic leaf his soul was shook,

mystic - místico, mística

As if 'twere one whereon magicians bind

whereon - dónde; en donde

Magicians - magos; mago, fenómeno, checkhechicero

Their spells, and give them to the passing gale,

gale - revuelo; vendaval, galerna

According to some good old woman's tale.

Thus would he while his lonely hours away

Dissatisfied, nor knowing what he wanted;

dissatisfied - insatisfecho; descontentar

Nor glowing reverie, nor poet's lay,

glowing - resplandeciente; fulgir, fulgurar, iluminar, brillar

reverie - ensonación; ensueno

Could yield his spirit that for which it panted,

panted - jadeaba; jadear, resollar

A bosom whereon he his head might lay,

bosom - seno, pechera, busto

And hear the heart beat with the love it granted,

With"several other things, which I forget,

Or which, at least, I need not mention yet.

Those lonely walks, and lengthening reveries,

Lengthening - alargamiento; alargar

reveries - ensonaciones; ensueno

Could not escape the gentle Julia's eyes;

She saw that Juan was not at his ease;

But that which chiefly may, and must surprise,

chiefly - principalmente, sobre todo, particularmente, especialmente

Is, that the Donna Inez did not tease

tease - bromear; cardar, peinar, burlarse de, molestar, tomar el pelo

Her only son with question or surmise:

surmise - supongo; suponer, conjeturar, presumir

Whether it was she did not see, or would not,

Or, like all very clever people, could not.

This may seem strange, but yet 'tis very common;

For instance"gentlemen, whose ladies take

Leave to o'erstep the written rights of woman,

erstep - rstep

And break the"Which commandment is 't they break?

commandment - mandamiento

(I have forgot the number, and think no man

Should rashly quote, for fear of a mistake.)

I say, when these same gentlemen are jealous,

They make some blunder, which their ladies tell us.

A real husband always is suspicious,

suspicious - sospechoso, suspicaz, desconfiado

But still no less suspects in the wrong place,

Jealous of some one who had no such wishes,

Or pandering blindly to his own disgrace,

blindly - ciegamente, a ciegas, a tientas, a tiento

disgrace - desgracia, baldón, deshonrar

By harbouring some dear friend extremely vicious;

The last indeed 's infallibly the case:

infallibly - infaliblemente

And when the spouse and friend are gone off wholly,

wholly - Por completo

He wonders at their vice, and not his folly.

folly - una locura; capricho

Thus parents also are at times short-sighted;

Though watchful as the lynx, they ne'er discover,

watchful - vigilante; atento, avizor

lynx - lince

The while the wicked world beholds delighted,

wicked - malvado, cruel, insoportable; (wick) malvado, cruel

beholds - contemplar, mirar, observar, he aquí, mirad

Young Hopeful's mistress, or Miss Fanny's lover,

hopeful - esperanzado, esperanzador

Till some confounded escapade has blighted

confounded - confundido; confundir, empeorar

escapade - escapada; aventura, andanza, correría, travesura

blighted - rruinado; mildiu, tizón, mal, plaga

The plan of twenty years, and all is over;

And then the mother cries, the father swears,

And wonders why the devil he got heirs.

But Inez was so anxious, and so clear

Of sight, that I must think, on this occasion,

She had some other motive much more near

motive - motivo, móbil

For leaving Juan to this new temptation;

But what that motive was, I sha'n't say here;

Perhaps to finish Juan's education,

Perhaps to open Don Alfonso's eyes,

In case he thought his wife too great a prize.

It was upon a day, a summer's day."

Summer's indeed a very dangerous season,

And so is spring about the end of May;

The sun, no doubt, is the prevailing reason;

prevailing - revaleciendo; prevalecer, vencer

But whatsoe'er the cause is, one may say,

whatsoe - Qué

And stand convicted of more truth than treason,

stand convicted - condenado

treason - traición, colaboración con el enemigo, colaboracionismo

That there are months which nature grows more merry in,"

merry - contento; alegre

March has its hares, and May must have its heroine.

hares - iebres; liebre

heroine - heroína

'Twas on a summer's day"the sixth of June:"

I like to be particular in dates,

Not only of the age, and year, but moon;

They are a sort of post-house, where the Fates

fates - destinos; destino, azar

Change horses, making history change its tune,

Then spur away o'er empires and o'er states,

spur - espolear; espuela

Leaving at last not much besides chronology,

Chronology - cronología

Excepting the post-obits of theology.

obits - obituario

theology - teología

'Twas on the sixth of June, about the hour

Of half-past six"perhaps still nearer seven"

When Julia sate within as pretty a bower

sate - ado

As e'er held houri in that heathenish heaven

houri - hurí

Described by Mahomet, and Anacreon Moore,

Mahomet - Mahoma

To whom the lyre and laurels have been given,

lyre - lira

With all the trophies of triumphant song"

trophies - Trofi

triumphant - triunfante, triunfador

He won them well, and may he wear them long!

She sate, but not alone; I know not well

How this same interview had taken place,

And even if I knew, I should not tell"

People should hold their tongues in any case;

No matter how or why the thing befell,

But there were she and Juan, face to face"

When two such faces are so, 'twould be wise,

twould - lo haría

But very difficult, to shut their eyes.

How beautiful she look'd! her conscious heart

Glow'd in her cheek, and yet she felt no wrong.

O Love! how perfect is thy mystic art,

Strengthening the weak, and trampling on the strong,

trampling - Pisoteando; (trample); pisotear, hollar, maltratar, humillar

How self-deceitful is the sagest part

deceitful - enganoso; falso, deshonesto

Sagest - sagest; salvia

Of mortals whom thy lure hath led along"

mortals - ortales; mortal

lure - enuelo; tentación, aliciente

The precipice she stood on was immense,

precipice - precipicio

immense - inmenso

So was her creed in her own innocence.

She thought of her own strength, and Juan's youth,

And of the folly of all prudish fears,

prudish - privilegiado; pudibundo, santurrón, mojigato, pacato

Victorious virtue, and domestic truth,

victorious - victorioso

And then of Don Alfonso's fifty years:

I wish these last had not occurr'd, in sooth,

occurr - Ocurre algo

Because that number rarely much endears,

endears - entusiasma; hacerse querer

And through all climes, the snowy and the sunny,

climes - clima

sunny - asoleado

Sounds ill in love, whate'er it may in money.

When people say, 'I've told you fifty times,'

They mean to scold, and very often do;

scold - reganar; reganar, retar, renir

When poets say, 'I've written fifty rhymes,'

They make you dread that they'll recite them too;

dread - miedo; temer, pavor, temor

recite - recitar, declamar

In gangs of fifty, thieves commit their crimes;

At fifty love for love is rare, 'tis true,

But then, no doubt, it equally as true is,

A good deal may be bought for fifty Louis.

Julia had honour, virtue, truth, and love,

For Don Alfonso; and she inly swore,

inly - sólo

By all the vows below to powers above,

vows - votos; voto, manda, promesa

She never would disgrace the ring she wore,

ring - anillo

Nor leave a wish which wisdom might reprove;

reprove - reprobar, reprender

And while she ponder'd this, besides much more,

ponder - pensar; considerar, meditar, cavilar, discurrir, ponderar

One hand on Juan's carelessly was thrown,

Quite by mistake"she thought it was her own;

Unconsciously she lean'd upon the other,

unconsciously - inconscientemente

Which play'd within the tangles of her hair:

tangles - enredos; desorden, marana, enredo

And to contend with thoughts she could not smother

She seem'd by the distraction of her air.

Distraction - distracción, locura

'Twas surely very wrong in Juan's mother

To leave together this imprudent pair,

imprudent - imprudente

She who for many years had watch'd her son so"

I'm very certain mine would not have done so.

The hand which still held Juan's, by degrees

by degrees - Poco a poco

Gently, but palpably confirm'd its grasp,

gently - suavemente; mansamente, suave

palpably - Palpablemente

grasp - agarrar, asir, comprender, asimiento, comprensión, alcance

As if it said, 'Detain me, if you please;'

detain - panish: t-needed

Yet there's no doubt she only meant to clasp

clasp - cierre; broche, manija, corchete, hebilla, agarrar

His fingers with a pure Platonic squeeze:

squeeze - exprimir, apretar, apretujar, apuro, crisis, apretón

She would have shrunk as from a toad, or asp,

shrunk - ncogido; contraerse, encogerse, achicarse, mermar

toad - sapo, sapa

Had she imagined such a thing could rouse

rouse - revivir; despertar

A feeling dangerous to a prudent spouse.

I cannot know what Juan thought of this,

But what he did, is much what you would do;

His young lip thank'd it with a grateful kiss,

And then, abash'd at its own joy, withdrew

abash - confundir, avergonzar, abochornar

In deep despair, lest he had done amiss,"

despair - desesperar, desesperanzar, desesperación, desesperanza

Love is so very timid when 'tis new:

timid - tímido

She blush'd, and frown'd not, but she strove to speak,

blush - sonrojo, rubor

strove - se esforzó; esforzarse

And held her tongue, her voice was grown so weak.

The sun set, and up rose the yellow moon:

The devil 's in the moon for mischief; they

Who call'd her CHASTE, methinks, began too soon

methinks - me equivoco; ; (methink) me equivoco

Their nomenclature; there is not a day,

nomenclature - nomenclatura

The longest, not the twenty-first of June,

Sees half the business in a wicked way

On which three single hours of moonshine smile"

Moonshine - bebida alcohólica; alcohol ilegal

And then she looks so modest all the while.

There is a dangerous silence in that hour,

A stillness, which leaves room for the full soul

To open all itself, without the power

Of calling wholly back its self-control;

self-control - (self-control) autocontrol

The silver light which, hallowing tree and tower,

Sheds beauty and deep softness o'er the whole,

sheds - obertizos; cobertizo, nave

softness - suavidad, molicie

Breathes also to the heart, and o'er it throws

A loving languor, which is not repose.

languor - Languidez

repose - reposo

And Julia sate with Juan, half embraced

And half retiring from the glowing arm,

Which trembled like the bosom where 'twas placed;

trembled - tembló; tiritar, temblar, temblor, vibración, temblequera

Yet still she must have thought there was no harm,

Or else 'twere easy to withdraw her waist;

waist - cintura

But then the situation had its charm,

charm - encanto

And then"God knows what next"I can't go on;

I'm almost sorry that I e'er begun.

O Plato! Plato! you have paved the way,

Plato - Platón

paved - pavimentado; pavimentar

With your confounded fantasies, to more

Immoral conduct by the fancied sway

immoral - inmoral

sway - maniobrar; balanceo, influencia, influjo, preponderancia

Your system feigns o'er the controulless core

feigns - finge; fingir, inventar, aparentar, imaginar

controulless - sin control

Of human hearts, than all the long array

array - atavío, galas, distribución, ristra, gama, vector, arreglo

Of poets and romancers:"You're a bore,

romancers - romántica

A charlatan, a coxcomb"and have been,

charlatan - un charlatán; charlatán, vendehúmos, vendedor de crecepelo

coxcomb - cresta, lechuguino

At best, no better than a go-between.

And Julia's voice was lost, except in sighs,

Until too late for useful conversation;

The tears were gushing from her gentle eyes,

gushing - goteando; manar, salir a borbotones, brotar, hacer efusión

I wish indeed they had not had occasion,

But who, alas! can love, and then be wise?

Alas - !ay!; (ala) !ay!

Not that remorse did not oppose temptation;

remorse - remordimientos; remordimiento, compunción

A little still she strove, and much repented

repented - se arrepintió; arrepentirse

And whispering 'I will ne'er consent'"consented.

consented - consintió; consentir, consentimiento, venia, anuencia

'Tis said that Xerxes offer'd a reward

To those who could invent him a new pleasure:

Methinks the requisition 's rather hard,

requisition - requisición; requisar

And must have cost his majesty a treasure:

Majesty - majestad

For my part, I'm a moderate-minded bard,

moderate - moderado, comedido, mediocre, moderar

Fond of a little love (which I call leisure);

I care not for new pleasures, as the old

Are quite enough for me, so they but hold.

O Pleasure! you are indeed a pleasant thing,

Although one must be damn'd for you, no doubt:

damn - maldecir; maldita sea

I make a resolution every spring

Of reformation, ere the year run out,

reformation - Reforma protestante

But somehow, this my vestal vow takes wing,

vestal - vestal

Yet still, I trust it may be kept throughout:

I'm very sorry, very much ashamed,

And mean, next winter, to be quite reclaim'd.

reclaim - reclamar

Here my chaste Muse a liberty must take"

muse - Musa

liberty - libertad

Start not! still chaster reader"she'll be nice hence"

chaster - chaster; casto

Forward, and there is no great cause to quake;

This liberty is a poetic licence,

poetic - poético

Which some irregularity may make

irregularity - irregularidad

In the design, and as I have a high sense

Of Aristotle and the Rules, 'tis fit

Aristotle - Aristóteles

To beg his pardon when I err a bit.

err - error; errar, equivocarse

This licence is to hope the reader will

Suppose from June the sixth (the fatal day,

fatal day - un día fatal

Without whose epoch my poetic skill

epoch - época

For want of facts would all be thrown away),

But keeping Julia and Don Juan still

In sight, that several months have pass'd; we'll say

'Twas in November, but I'm not so sure

About the day"the era 's more obscure.

We'll talk of that anon."'Tis sweet to hear

anon - anónimo

At midnight on the blue and moonlit deep

The song and oar of Adria's gondolier,

oar - remo

gondolier - gondolero, gondolera

By distance mellow'd, o'er the waters sweep;

mellow - suave; mantecoso, relajado, blando

'Tis sweet to see the evening star appear;

evening star - estrella de la tarde

'Tis sweet to listen as the night-winds creep

creep - se arrastran; reptar, hormigueo, fatiga

From leaf to leaf; 'tis sweet to view on high

The rainbow, based on ocean, span the sky.

rainbow - arco iris, abanico, multicolor, policromático, irisado

span - luz, palmo

'Tis sweet to hear the watch-dog's honest bark

bark - corteza; ladrido

Bay deep-mouth'd welcome as we draw near home;

bay - bahía

draw near - Acercarse

'Tis sweet to know there is an eye will mark

Our coming, and look brighter when we come;

'Tis sweet to be awaken'd by the lark,

awaken - despertar, despertarse

lark - alondra

Or lull'd by falling waters; sweet the hum

lull - calma; arrullar, adormecer

Hum - tararear, canturrear

Of bees, the voice of girls, the song of birds,

The lisp of children, and their earliest words.

lisp - ceceo, balbuceo, cecear, balbucear

Sweet is the vintage, when the showering grapes

vintage - vendimia, cosecha, clásico, antiguo

grapes - uvas; uva

In Bacchanal profusion reel to earth,

Bacchanal - bacanal, bacanal

profusion - profusión

reel - carrete, enrollar, titubear

Purple and gushing: sweet are our escapes

From civic revelry to rural mirth;

civic - cívico

mirth - felicidad, alegría, júbilo

Sweet to the miser are his glittering heaps,

miser - miserable; tacano, rata, pesetero, tacano

glittering - resplandeciente; chispeante; (glitter); brillo, purpurina

heaps - montones; pila, montón, cúmulo, montículo, checkpila, amontonar

Sweet to the father is his first-born's birth,

first-born - (first-born) primogénito

Sweet is revenge"especially to women,

Pillage to soldiers, prize-money to seamen.

pillage - paqueo; saquear, saqueo, pillaje

Sweet is a legacy, and passing sweet

legacy - legado, herencia

The unexpected death of some old lady

Or gentleman of seventy years complete,

Who've made 'us youth'wait too"too long already

For an estate, or cash, or country seat,

Still breaking, but with stamina so steady

stamina - estamina, resistencia, aguante

That all the Israelites are fit to mob its

Israelites - israelitas; israelita

mob - mafia; banda, chusma

Next owner for their double-damn'd post-obits.

Damn - maldecir, condenar, reprobar, maldito, puto, malditamente

'Tis sweet to win, no matter how, one's laurels,

By blood or ink; 'tis sweet to put an end

To strife; 'tis sometimes sweet to have our quarrels,

Particularly with a tiresome friend:

tiresome - cansino; fatigoso, cansador, agotador

Sweet is old wine in bottles, ale in barrels;

ale - cerveza inglesa, ale, cerveza ale

in barrels - en barriles

Dear is the helpless creature we defend

Against the world; and dear the schoolboy spot

We ne'er forget, though there we are forgot.

But sweeter still than this, than these, than all,

Is first and passionate love"it stands alone,

Like Adam's recollection of his fall;

Adam - Adam, Adán

recollection - Recuerdo

The tree of knowledge has been pluck'd"all 's known"

pluck - herir, desplumar, perseverancia

And life yields nothing further to recall

yields - rendimientos; ceder

Worthy of this ambrosial sin, so shown,

No doubt in fable, as the unforgiven

fable - fábula

unforgiven - in perdón

Fire which Prometheus filch'd for us from heaven.

Prometheus - Prometeo

filch - hurtar

Man 's a strange animal, and makes strange use

Of his own nature, and the various arts,

And likes particularly to produce

Some new experiment to show his parts;

This is the age of oddities let loose,

oddities - extranezas; rareza

Where different talents find their different marts;

marts - marts; mercado

You'd best begin with truth, and when you've lost your

Labour, there's a sure market for imposture.

imposture - imposturas; impostura

What opposite discoveries we have seen!

(Signs of true genius, and of empty pockets.)

One makes new noses, one a guillotine,

guillotine - guillotina

One breaks your bones, one sets them in their sockets;

sockets - enchufes; enchufe, toma corriente, toma, cuenca (eye socket)

But vaccination certainly has been

vaccination - vacunación

A kind antithesis to Congreve's rockets,

antithesis - antítesis

With which the Doctor paid off an old pox,

By borrowing a new one from an ox.

ox - buey

Bread has been made (indifferent) from potatoes;

And galvanism has set some corpses grinning,

corpses - cadáveres; cuerpo, cadáver

grinning - sonriendo; sonreír abiertamente, sonreír de oreja a oreja

But has not answer'd like the apparatus

apparatus - aparato, equipo, aparataje

Of the Humane Society's beginning

humane - humano

By which men are unsuffocated gratis:

unsuffocated - sin asignación

What wondrous new machines have late been spinning!

I said the small-pox has gone out of late;

Perhaps it may be follow'd by the great.

'Tis said the great came from America;

Perhaps it may set out on its return,"

The population there so spreads, they say

'Tis grown high time to thin it in its turn,

With war, or plague, or famine, any way,

famine - hambruna, hambre

So that civilisation they may learn;

civilisation - ivilización

And which in ravage the more loathsome evil is"

ravage - arrasar; estragar, estrago

loathsome - asqueroso; aborrecible, detestable, odioso, abominable

Their real lues, or our pseudo-syphilis?

lues - ues

syphilis - sífilis, gálico

This is the patent-age of new inventions

patent - patente

For killing bodies, and for saving souls,

All propagated with the best intentions;

Sir Humphry Davy's lantern, by which coals

lantern - farol, linterna

Are safely mined for in the mode he mentions,

safely - seguro; seguramente

Tombuctoo travels, voyages to the Poles,

poles - postes; polo

Are ways to benefit mankind, as true,

Perhaps, as shooting them at Waterloo.

Man 's a phenomenon, one knows not what,

And wonderful beyond all wondrous measure;

'Tis pity though, in this sublime world, that

Pleasure 's a sin, and sometimes sin 's a pleasure;

Few mortals know what end they would be at,

But whether glory, power, or love, or treasure,

The path is through perplexing ways, and when

perplexing - perplejo; confundir, desconcertar

The goal is gain'd, we die, you know"and then"

What then?"I do not know, no more do you"

And so good night."Return we to our story:

'Twas in November, when fine days are few,

And the far mountains wax a little hoary,

hoary - cansado; cano

And clap a white cape on their mantles blue;

clap - aplaudir

Cape - capa

mantles - mantos; manto, camisa

And the sea dashes round the promontory,

dashes - guiones; raya, guion largo, carrerita, gota, pizca, lanzarse

promontory - promontorio

And the loud breaker boils against the rock,

breaker - Rompedor

And sober suns must set at five o'clock.

sober - sobrio, sereno, apagado

'Twas, as the watchmen say, a cloudy night;

watchmen - vigilantes; guardián, celador, guarda, vigía

cloudy - nublado, nublo, turbio

No moon, no stars, the wind was low or loud

By gusts, and many a sparkling hearth was bright

gusts - rachas; ráfaga, racha

sparkling - chispeante; centelleante, gaseoso, efervescente

With the piled wood, round which the family crowd;

There's something cheerful in that sort of light,

Even as a summer sky 's without a cloud:

I'm fond of fire, and crickets, and all that,

Crickets - los grillos; críquet, cricket

A lobster salad, and champagne, and chat.

Lobster - langosta, bogavante

champagne - champán; Champana

'Twas midnight"Donna Julia was in bed,

Sleeping, most probably,"when at her door

Arose a clatter might awake the dead,

clatter - ruido; trapalear

awake - despierto; despertar(se)

If they had never been awoke before,

awoke - despertó; despertar(se)

And that they have been so we all have read,

And are to be so, at the least, once more.--

The door was fasten'd, but with voice and fist

First knocks were heard, then 'Madam"Madam"hist!

madam - senora; senora, cabrona

'For God's sake, Madam"Madam"here's my master,

For God's sake - Por el amor de Dios

With more than half the city at his back"

Was ever heard of such a curst disaster!

'Tis not my fault"I kept good watch"Alack!

Alack - ah, sí; ay

Do pray undo the bolt a little faster"

undo - deshacer

They're on the stair just now, and in a crack

Will all be here; perhaps he yet may fly"

Surely the window 's not so very high!'

By this time Don Alfonso was arrived,

With torches, friends, and servants in great number;

torches - linternas; antorcha, incendiar

The major part of them had long been wived,

wived - Esposa

And therefore paused not to disturb the slumber

slumber - sueno; adormecimiento, adormilamiento, adormecer, adormilar

Of any wicked woman, who contrived

By stealth her husband's temples to encumber:

stealth - sigilo, cautela

Examples of this kind are so contagious,

contagious - contagioso, infeccioso, contagiante

Were one not punish'd, all would be outrageous.

I can't tell how, or why, or what suspicion

suspicion - sospecha, suspicacia

Could enter into Don Alfonso's head;

But for a cavalier of his condition

It surely was exceedingly ill-bred,

Without a word of previous admonition,

admonition - amonestación; admonición

To hold a levee round his lady's bed,

levee - ique

And summon lackeys, arm'd with fire and sword,

summon - convocar

lackeys - lacayos; lacayo

sword - espada, gladio

To prove himself the thing he most abhorr'd.

Poor Donna Julia, starting as from sleep

(Mind"that I do not say"she had not slept),

Began at once to scream, and yawn, and weep;

yawn - bostezar, abrirse, bostezo

weep - llorar

Her maid Antonia, who was an adept,

maid - mucama; doncella, senorita, doméstica, empleada doméstica

adept - depto; experto, hábil, experto, experta

Contrived to fling the bed-clothes in a heap,

fling - una aventura; arrojar, lanzar

heap - pila, montón, cúmulo, montículo, checkpila, amontonar

As if she had just now from out them crept:

crept - se arrastró; reptar, hormigueo, fatiga

I can't tell why she should take all this trouble

To prove her mistress had been sleeping double.

But Julia mistress, and Antonia maid,

Appear'd like two poor harmless women, who

Of goblins, but still more of men afraid,

goblins - duendes; duende, trasgo

Had thought one man might be deterr'd by two,

deterr - detener

And therefore side by side were gently laid,

Until the hours of absence should run through,

absence - ausencia, falta, ausencia de hierro

And truant husband should return, and say,

Truant - truante, novillero, novillera, absentista

'My dear, I was the first who came away.'

Now Julia found at length a voice, and cried,

'In heaven's name, Don Alfonso, what d'ye mean?

Has madness seized you? would that I had died

madness - locura

seized - incautado; agarrar, apoderarse de, apresar, aferrar, tomar

Ere such a monster's victim I had been!

What may this midnight violence betide,

A sudden fit of drunkenness or spleen?

drunkenness - borrachera, embriaguez, pedo, cogorza

spleen - bazo, esplín

Dare you suspect me, whom the thought would kill?

Search, then, the room!'"Alfonso said, 'I will.'

He search'd, they search'd, and rummaged everywhere,

rummaged - rebuscado; revolver

Closet and clothes'press, chest and window-seat,

closet - ropero, armario, clóset

And found much linen, lace, and several pair

linen - lino, linge, ropa blanca, linocros

lace - encaje; cordón

Of stockings, slippers, brushes, combs, complete,

stockings - medias; media

slippers - zapatillas; zapatilla, pantufla, babucha

combs - peines; peine

With other articles of ladies fair,

To keep them beautiful, or leave them neat:

Arras they prick'd and curtains with their swords,

prick - idiota; pinchar, perforar

swords - espadas; espada, gladio

And wounded several shutters, and some boards.

shutters - persianas; postigo, contraventana, obturador

Under the bed they search'd, and there they found"

No matter what"it was not that they sought;

They open'd windows, gazing if the ground

gazing - mirando; observar, mirar fijamente

Had signs or footmarks, but the earth said nought;

footmarks - Marca del pie

nought - nada; cero

And then they stared each other's faces round:

'Tis odd, not one of all these seekers thought,

And seems to me almost a sort of blunder,

Of looking in the bed as well as under.

During this inquisition, Julia's tongue

inquisition - Inquisición

Was not asleep"'Yes, search and search,'she cried,

'Insult on insult heap, and wrong on wrong!

insult - insultar, insulto, ofensa, improperio

It was for this that I became a bride!

For this in silence I have suffer'd long

A husband like Alfonso at my side;

But now I'll bear no more, nor here remain,

If there be law or lawyers in all Spain.

'Yes, Don Alfonso! husband now no more,

If ever you indeed deserved the name,

Is 't worthy of your years?"you have threescore"

threescore - treinta

Fifty, or sixty, it is all the same"

Is 't wise or fitting, causeless to explore

For facts against a virtuous woman's fame?

Ungrateful, perjured, barbarous Don Alfonso,

ungrateful - desagradecido, ingrato, malagradecido

perjured - perjuró; perjurar

barbarous - bárbaro

How dare you think your lady would go on so?

'Is it for this I have disdain'd to hold

The common privileges of my sex?

privileges - privilegios; privilegio, privilegiar

That I have chosen a confessor so old

And deaf, that any other it would vex,

deaf - sordo, sordos, sordas

vex - molestar, irritar, disgustar, afligir, atormentar, fastidiar

And never once he has had cause to scold,

But found my very innocence perplex

So much, he always doubted I was married"

How sorry you will be when I've miscarried!

'Was it for this that no Cortejo e'er

I yet have chosen from out the youth of Seville?

Is it for this I scarce went anywhere,

Except to bull-fights, mass, play, rout, and revel?

Bull - toro

rout - rutina; derrotar

revel - revelar; deleitarse

Is it for this, whate'er my suitors were,

suitors - retendientes; pretendiente

I favor'd none"nay, was almost uncivil?

uncivil - incivil; maleducado, grosero

Is it for this that General Count O'Reilly,

Who took Algiers, declares I used him vilely?

Algiers - Argel

vilely - Vilmente

'Did not the Italian Musico Cazzani

Sing at my heart six months at least in vain?

Did not his countryman, Count Corniani,

countryman - paisano, paisana, compatriota, campesino, campesina

Call me the only virtuous wife in Spain?

Were there not also Russians, English, many?

Russians - rusos; ruso, ruso, rusa

The Count Strongstroganoff I put in pain,

And Lord Mount Coffeehouse, the Irish peer,

Coffeehouse - Cafetería

Irish - irlandés, irlandeses

Who kill'd himself for love (with wine) last year.

'Have I not had two bishops at my feet,

bishops - obispos; obispo

The Duke of Ichar, and Don Fernan Nunez?

Duke - duque

And is it thus a faithful wife you treat?

faithful - fieles; fiel, leal

I wonder in what quarter now the moon is:

I praise your vast forbearance not to beat

forbearance - ndulgencia; templanza

Me also, since the time so opportune is"

opportune - oportuno, apropiado

O, valiant man! with sword drawn and cock'd trigger,

valiant - valiente

cock - polla; gallo, macho

Now, tell me, don't you cut a pretty figure?

'Was it for this you took your sudden journey.

Under pretence of business indispensable

indispensable - indispensable, imprescindible

With that sublime of rascals your attorney,

rascals - gamberros; pícaro, bribón, canalla

attorney - abogado, abogada, notario

Whom I see standing there, and looking sensible

Of having play'd the fool? though both I spurn, he

spurn - despreciar; desdenar, patada

Deserves the worst, his conduct 's less defensible,

defensible - defendible, sostenible

Because, no doubt, 'twas for his dirty fee,

And not from any love to you nor me.

'If he comes here to take a deposition,

By all means let the gentleman proceed;

You've made the apartment in a fit condition:

There's pen and ink for you, sir, when you need"

Let every thing be noted with precision,

precision - exactitud, precisión

I would not you for nothing should be fee'd"

But, as my maid 's undrest, pray turn your spies out.'

undrest - descanso

spies out - espías fuera

'Oh!'sobb'd Antonia, 'I could tear their eyes out.'

sobb - Sobby

'There is the closet, there the toilet, there

The antechamber"search them under, over;

antechamber - antecámara, antesala

There is the sofa, there the great arm-chair,

sofa - sofá, sillón

arm-chair - (arm-chair) sillón

The chimney"which would really hold a lover.

chimney - chimenea, tubo

I wish to sleep, and beg you will take care

And make no further noise, till you discover

The secret cavern of this lurking treasure"

lurking - al acecho; (lurk); acechar, agazaparse, ocultarse, esconderse

And when 'tis found, let me, too, have that pleasure.

'And now, Hidalgo! now that you have thrown

Doubt upon me, confusion over all,

Pray have the courtesy to make it known

courtesy - cortesía, de cortesía

Who is the man you search for? how d'ye cal

Him? what 's his lineage? let him but be shown"

lineage - linaje, estirpe

I hope he 's young and handsome"is he tall?

Tell me"and be assured, that since you stain

My honour thus, it shall not be in vain.

'At least, perhaps, he has not sixty years,

At that age he would be too old for slaughter,

slaughter - matanza, masacre, carnicería, escabechina, matar, masacrar

Or for so young a husband's jealous fears

(Antonia! let me have a glass of water).

I am ashamed of having shed these tears,

shed - cobertizo, nave

They are unworthy of my father's daughter;

unworthy - indigno

My mother dream'd not in my natal hour

natal hour - Hora de nacimiento

That I should fall into a monster's power.

'Perhaps 'tis of Antonia you are jealous,

You saw that she was sleeping by my side

When you broke in upon us with your fellows:

Look where you please"we've nothing, sir, to hide;

Only another time, I trust, you'll tell us,

Or for the sake of decency abide

decency - decencia

abide - morir; quedar, permanecer, resistir, aguantar

A moment at the door, that we may be

Drest to receive so much good company.

drest - Descanso

'And now, sir, I have done, and say no more;

The little I have said may serve to show

The guileless heart in silence may grieve o'er

grieve - duelo; afligirse, acongojarse

The wrongs to whose exposure it is slow:

I leave you to your conscience as before,

'Twill one day ask you why you used me so?

twill - sarga

God grant you feel not then the bitterest grief!-

Antonia! where's my pocket-handkerchief?'

handkerchief - panuelo; panuelo

She ceased, and turn'd upon her pillow; pale

ceased - esado; cesar, parar, terminar

pillow - almohada

She lay, her dark eyes flashing through their tears,

Like skies that rain and lighten; as a veil,

lighten - Aligerar

veil - velo, velar

Waved and o'ershading her wan cheek, appears

ershading - sombreado

wan - pálido, macilento; débil

Her streaming hair; the black curls strive, but fail,

curls - rizos; rizo, bucle, flexión

strive - esforzarse

To hide the glossy shoulder, which uprears

uprears - Arriba

Its snow through all;"her soft lips lie apart,

And louder than her breathing beats her heart.

The Senhor Don Alfonso stood confused;

Senhor - Senor

Antonia bustled round the ransack'd room,

bustled - buscado; polisón, abundar

ransack - saquear, desvalijar, escudrinar

And, turning up her nose, with looks abused

abused - abusado; Abuso

Her master and his myrmidons, of whom

Not one, except the attorney, was amused;

amused - divertido; entretener, distraer, divertir

He, like Achates, faithful to the tomb,

tomb - tumba

So there were quarrels, cared not for the cause,

Knowing they must be settled by the laws.

With prying snub-nose, and small eyes, he stood,

prying - entrometido; (pry) entrometido

snub-nose - (snub-nose) Nariz respingona

Following Antonia's motions here and there,

With much suspicion in his attitude;

For reputations he had little care;

So that a suit or action were made good,

Small pity had he for the young and fair,

And ne'er believed in negatives, till these

Were proved by competent false witnesses.

competent - competente

But Don Alfonso stood with downcast looks,

downcast - alicaído, abatido

And, truth to say, he made a foolish figure;

When, after searching in five hundred nooks,

And treating a young wife with so much rigour,

He gain'd no point, except some self-rebukes,

rebukes - reprimendas; reproche, reprensión, reprimenda, reprobación

Added to those his lady with such vigour

vigour - vigor, vivacidad, vigor, lozanía, fuerza, energía

Had pour'd upon him for the last half-hour,

Quick, thick, and heavy"as a thunder-shower.

thunder - trueno, estruendo, fragor, tronar

At first he tried to hammer an excuse,

hammer - martillo, percutor, malleus, martillar; (ham); martillo

To which the sole reply was tears and sobs,

sobs - sollozos; hdp

And indications of hysterics, whose

Prologue is always certain throes, and throbs,

prologue - prólogo

throes - tirar

throbs - pulsa; palpitar

Gasps, and whatever else the owners choose:

gasps - jadeos; jadear, bocanada, calada

owners - propietarios; propietario, dueno, poseedor

Alfonso saw his wife, and thought of Job's;

He saw too, in perspective, her relations,

And then he tried to muster all his patience.

He stood in act to speak, or rather stammer,

stammer - tartamudear, balbucir, balbucear, gaguear, tartamudeo

But sage Antonia cut him short before

The anvil of his speech received the hammer,

anvil - yunque, bigornia

With 'Pray, sir, leave the room, and say no more,

Or madam dies.'"Alfonso mutter'd, 'D"n her,'

mutter - hablar entre dientes, murmurar; (mut) hablar entre dientes

But nothing else, the time of words was o'er;

He cast a rueful look or two, and did,

rueful - arrepentido; sentir lastima o compasion

He knew not wherefore, that which he was bid.

With him retired his 'posse comitatus,'

posse comitatus - cuadrilla

The attorney last, who linger'd near the door

linger - permanecer, demorar, persistir, perdurar, pervivir

Reluctantly, still tarrying there as late as

reluctantly - a reganadientes, de mala gana, con renuencia

tarrying - tardar

Antonia let him"not a little sore

At this most strange and unexplain'd 'hiatus'

most strange - el más extrano

unexplain - nexplicable

hiatus - pausa, vacaciones, descanso, hiato

In Don Alfonso's facts, which just now wore

An awkward look; as he revolved the case,

revolved - giró; girar, rotar

The door was fasten'd in his legal face.

No sooner was it bolted, than"Oh shame!

bolted - atornillado; pestillo

O sin! Oh sorrow! and oh womankind!

sorrow - pena; tristeza, aflicción, infelicidad, pesar

How can you do such things and keep your fame,

Unless this world, and t'other too, be blind?

Nothing so dear as an unfilch'd good name!

unfilch - Desfiltrar

But to proceed"for there is more behind:

With much heartfelt reluctance be it said,

heartfelt - de corazón; sentido

reluctance - reticencia; reluctancia

Young Juan slipp'd half-smother'd, from the bed.

slipp - Resbalar

He had been hid"I don't pretend to say

How, nor can I indeed describe the where"

Young, slender, and pack'd easily, he lay,

No doubt, in little compass, round or square;

compass - brújula

But pity him I neither must nor may

His suffocation by that pretty pair;

'Twere better, sure, to die so, than be shut

With maudlin Clarence in his Malmsey butt.

maudlin - malhumorado; lloraduelos, amanerado, melindroso, remilgado

Malmsey - malvasía

butt - culo; dar un cabezazo

And, secondly, I pity not, because

He had no business to commit a sin,

Forbid by heavenly, fined by human laws,

heavenly - celestial, celeste

At least 'twas rather early to begin;

But at sixteen the conscience rarely gnaws

gnaws - roer

So much as when we call our old debts in

At sixty years, and draw the accompts of evil,

accompts - acompanar

And find a deuced balance with the devil.

deuced - Dos

Of his position I can give no notion:

'Tis written in the Hebrew Chronicle,

chronicle - crónica

How the physicians, leaving pill and potion,

potion - poción, brebaje, elixir, pócima

Prescribed, by way of blister, a young belle,

prescribed - prescrito; prescribir, recetar, ordenar

blister - una ampolla; ampolla, ámpula, ampollar

When old King David's blood grew dull in motion,

David - David

And that the medicine answer'd very well;

Perhaps 'twas in a different way applied,

For David lived, but Juan nearly died.

What 's to be done? Alfonso will be back

The moment he has sent his fools away.

Antonia's skill was put upon the rack,

rack - estante

But no device could be brought into play"

And how to parry the renew'd attack?

parry - parar; parada, guardia

Besides, it wanted but few hours of day:

Antonia puzzled; Julia did not speak,

But press'd her bloodless lip to Juan's cheek.

bloodless - sin sangre; exangüe, incruento, sin efusión de sangre, exánime

He turn'd his lip to hers, and with his hand

Call'd back the tangles of her wandering hair;

Even then their love they could not all command,

And half forgot their danger and despair:

Antonia's patience now was at a stand"

'Come, come, 'tis no time now for fooling there,'

She whisper'd, in great wrath"'I must deposit

wrath - cólera, ira, castigo

This pretty gentleman within the closet:

'Pray, keep your nonsense for some luckier night"

nonsense - tonterías; tontería, tontada, tontuna, disparate

Who can have put my master in this mood?

What will become on 't"I'm in such a fright,

The devil 's in the urchin, and no good"

urchin - erizo; gamín, gamina, golfillo

Is this a time for giggling? this a plight?

giggling - Risas; (giggle); reír

plight - drama, situación grave

Why, don't you know that it may end in blood?

You'll lose your life, and I shall lose my place,

My mistress all, for that half-girlish face.

girlish - nina

'Had it but been for a stout cavalier

stout - cerveza; sólido, fuerte

Of twenty-five or thirty (come, make haste)"

haste - prisa, premura

But for a child, what piece of work is here!

I really, madam, wonder at your taste

(Come, sir, get in)"my master must be near:

There, for the present, at the least, he's fast,

And if we can but till the morning keep

Our counsel"(Juan, mind, you must not sleep).'

Now, Don Alfonso entering, but alone,

Closed the oration of the trusty maid:

She loiter'd, and he told her to be gone,

loiter - holgazanear, perder el tiempo, merodear, vagar

An order somewhat sullenly obey'd;

sullenly - Hoscamente

However, present remedy was none,

remedy - remedio, recurso, remediar

And no great good seem'd answer'd if she stay'd:

Regarding both with slow and sidelong view,

sidelong - De reojo

She snuff'd the candle, curtsied, and withdrew.

snuff - tabaco; rapé

curtsied - hiciste una reverencia; reverencia

Alfonso paused a minute"then begun

Some strange excuses for his late proceeding;

He would not justify what he had done,

To say the best, it was extreme ill-breeding;

But there were ample reasons for it, none

Of which he specified in this his pleading:

pleading - suplicando; (plead); rogar

His speech was a fine sample, on the whole,

Of rhetoric, which the learn'd call 'rigmarole.'

rhetoric - Retórica

rigmarole - un galimatías; embrollo

Julia said nought; though all the while there rose

A ready answer, which at once enables

A matron, who her husband's foible knows,

Matron - matrona

foible - fallo; manía, defecto, punto débil, parte débil

By a few timely words to turn the tables,

timely - oportuno

Which, if it does not silence, still must pose,"

Even if it should comprise a pack of fables;

fables - fábulas; fábula

'Tis to retort with firmness, and when he

retort - replicar

firmness - firmeza

Suspects with one, do you reproach with three.

reproach - reproche, vergüenza, reprochar, avergonzar, echar en cara algo

Julia, in fact, had tolerable grounds,"

tolerable - tolerable, soportable, checktolerable, checkaceptable

Alfonso's loves with Inez were well known,

But whether 'twas that one's own guilt confounds"

guilt - culpa, culpabilidad

confounds - confusiones; confundir, empeorar

But that can't be, as has been often shown,

A lady with apologies abounds;"

abounds - abundar, ser abundante

It might be that her silence sprang alone

From delicacy to Don Juan's ear,

delicacy - una delicia; fineza, delicadeza, fragilidad, exquisitez

To whom she knew his mother's fame was dear.

There might be one more motive, which makes two;

Alfonso ne'er to Juan had alluded,"

alluded - aludido; aludir, referirse

Mention'd his jealousy but never who

Had been the happy lover, he concluded,

Conceal'd amongst his premises; 'tis true,

conceal - esconder, ocultar

premises - ocales; premisa

His mind the more o'er this its mystery brooded;

brooded - refrescado; cría, polluelo, prole, empollar, proteger

To speak of Inez now were, one may say,

Like throwing Juan in Alfonso's way.

A hint, in tender cases, is enough;

hint - insinuación; pista, indicio, indirecta, buscapié, toque

tender - tierno

Silence is best, besides there is a tact

tact - tacto, tiento, mano izquierda

(That modern phrase appears to me sad stuff,

But it will serve to keep my verse compact)"

compact - compacto

Which keeps, when push'd by questions rather rough,

A lady always distant from the fact:

The charming creatures lie with such a grace,

There's nothing so becoming to the face.

They blush, and we believe them; at least I

Have always done so; 'tis of no great use,

In any case, attempting a reply,

For then their eloquence grows quite profuse;

eloquence - elocuencia

profuse - rofusa; profuso

And when at length they're out of breath, they sigh,

And cast their languid eyes down, and let loose

languid - lánguida; lánguido

A tear or two, and then we make it up;

And then"and then"and then"sit down and sup.

sup - Qué pasa

Alfonso closed his speech, and begg'd her pardon,

Which Julia half withheld, and then half granted,

withheld - retenido; retener, negar, rehusar

And laid conditions he thought very hard on,

Denying several little things he wanted:

He stood like Adam lingering near his garden,

Lingering - Permaneciendo; (linger); permanecer, demorar, persistir

With useless penitence perplex'd and haunted,

penitence - penitencia

haunted - hechizado; frecuentar, espantar, desasosegar, inquietar

Beseeching she no further would refuse,

beseeching - suplicando; (beseech); rogar, implorar, suplicar

refuse - rechazar; negarse (a)

When, lo! he stumbled o'er a pair of shoes.

stumbled - tropezón, traspié, desliz, torpeza, tropiezo, tropezar

A pair of shoes!"what then? not much, if they

Are such as fit with ladies'feet, but these

(No one can tell how much I grieve to say)

Were masculine; to see them, and to seize,

masculine - masculino, varonil, viril, macho

seize - incautar; agarrar, apoderarse de, apresar, aferrar, tomar

Was but a moment's act."Ah! well-a-day!

My teeth begin to chatter, my veins freeze"

chatter - cháchara; chacharear, parlotear

Alfonso first examined well their fashion,

And then flew out into another passion.

He left the room for his relinquish'd sword,

relinquish - abandonar, renunciar, soltar, desistir

And Julia instant to the closet flew.

'Fly, Juan, fly! For heaven's sake"not a word"

For heaven's sake - Por Dios

The door is open"you may yet slip through

The passage you so often have explored"

Here is the garden-key"Fly"fly"Adieu!

adieu - adiós

Haste"haste! I hear Alfonso's hurrying feet"

Day has not broke"there's no one in the street:

None can say that this was not good advice,

The only mischief was, it came too late;

Of all experience 'tis the usual price,

A sort of income-tax laid on by fate:

Juan had reach'd the room-door in a. trice,

And might have done so by the garden-gate,

But met Alfonso in his dressing-gown,

dressing-gown - (dressing-gown) bata

Who threaten'd death"so Juan knock'd him down.

Dire was the scuffle, and out went the light;

dire - terrible; de mal agüero, portentoso, maligno

scuffle - rina, pelea, escaramuza

Antonia cried out 'Rape!'and Julia 'Fire!'

rape - violación

But not a servant stirr'd to aid the fight.

stirr - Agitar

Alfonso, pommell'd to his heart's desire,

Swore lustily he'd be revenged this night;

lustily - Lujuriosamente

revenged - vengarme; venganza

And Juan, too, blasphemed an octave higher;

blasphemed - lasfemado; blasfemar

octave - octava

His blood was up: though young, he was a Tartar,

Tartar - tártaro; Sarro Dental

And not at all disposed to prove a martyr.

disposed - dispuesto; deshacerse

martyr - mártir, martirizar

Alfonso's sword had dropp'd ere he could draw it,

dropp - Gota

And they continued battling hand to hand,

For Juan very luckily ne'er saw it;

luckily - afortunadamente, por suerte, por fortuna, dichosamente

His temper not being under great command,

temper - temperamento, temple, templar, temperar

If at that moment he had chanced to claw it,

claw - garra

Alfonso's days had not been in the land

Much longer."Think of husbands', lovers'lives!

And how ye may be doubly widows"wives!

doubly - doblemente

Alfonso grappled to detain the foe,

grappled - agarrado; forcejear, luchar

foe - enemigo

And Juan throttled him to get away,

throttled - válvula reguladora, acelerador

And blood ('twas from the nose) began to flow;

At last, as they more faintly wrestling lay,

wrestling - lucha libre, pressing catch; (wrestle); luchar

Juan contrived to give an awkward blow,

And then his only garment quite gave way;

garment - prenda, prenda de vestir

He fled, like Joseph, leaving it; but there,

fled - huyó; huir, desvanecerse, checkfugarse

Joseph - José, José de Arimetea

I doubt, all likeness ends between the pair.

likeness - semejanza; retrato, trasunto

Lights came at length, and men, and maids, who found

An awkward spectacle their eyes before;

spectacle - espectáculo, papelón

Antonia in hysterics, Julia swoon'd,

swoon - desmayo; desmayarse

Alfonso leaning, breathless, by the door;

breathless - jadeante, sin aliento

Some half-torn drapery scatter'd on the ground,

drapery - cortinas; cortina

Some blood, and several footsteps, but no more:

Footsteps - pasos; huella, paso

Juan the gate gain'd, turn'd the key about,

And liking not the inside, lock'd the out.

Here ends this canto."Need I sing, or say,

How Juan naked, favour'd by the night,

Who favours what she should not, found his way,

And reach'd his home in an unseemly plight?

unseemly - ndecoroso; inapropiado, extemporal, extemporáneo, impropio

The pleasant scandal which arose next day,

The nine days'wonder which was brought to light,

And how Alfonso sued for a divorce,

sued - demandado; (sue); demandar

Were in the English newspapers, of course.

If you would like to see the whole proceedings,

The depositions, and the cause at full,

The names of all the witnesses, the pleadings

pleadings - suplicando

Of counsel to nonsuit, or to annul,

nonsuit - no demanda

annul - revocar, anular, invalidar

There's more than one edition, and the readings

readings - lecturas; lectura

Are various, but they none of them are dull;

The best is that in short-hand ta'en by Gurney,

ta - gracias

Gurney - camilla

Who to Madrid on purpose made a journey.

But Donna Inez, to divert the train

divert - divertirse; desviar, entretener, distraer

Of one of the most circulating scandals

circulating - circulando; circular

That had for centuries been known in Spain,

At least since the retirement of the Vandals,

Vandals - vándalos; vándalo

First vow'd (and never had she vow'd in vain)

To Virgin Mary several pounds of candles;

And then, by the advice of some old ladies,

She sent her son to be shipp'd off from Cadiz.

She had resolved that he should travel through

All European climes, by land or sea,

by land - por tierra

To mend his former morals, and get new,

mend - remiendo, remendar, reparar

Especially in France and Italy

(At least this is the thing most people do).

Julia was sent into a convent: she

convent - convento

Grieved, but, perhaps, her feelings may be better

grieved - penado; afligirse, acongojarse

Shown in the following copy of her Letter:"

'They tell me 'tis decided; you depart:

'Tis wise"'tis well, but not the less a pain;

I have no further claim on your young heart,

Mine is the victim, and would be again;

To love too much has been the only art

I used;"I write in haste, and if a stain

Be on this sheet, 'tis not what it appears;

My eyeballs burn and throb, but have no tears.

eyeballs - ojos; globo ocular

throb - palpitar

'I loved, I love you, for this love have lost

State, station, heaven, mankind's, my own esteem,

esteem - estima

And yet can not regret what it hath cost,

So dear is still the memory of that dream;

Yet, if I name my guilt, 'tis not to boast,

None can deem harshlier of me than I deem:

I trace this scrawl because I cannot rest"

scrawl - un garabato; garabatear

I've nothing to reproach, or to request.

'Man's love is of man's life a thing apart,

'Tis woman's whole existence; man may range

The court, camp, church, the vessel, and the mart;

vessel - vasija; embarcación, barco, casco, recipiente, receptáculo

mart - mercado

Sword, gown, gain, glory, offer in exchange

Pride, fame, ambition, to fill up his heart,

And few there are whom these cannot estrange;

estrange - extranar; alienar, enajenar

Men have all these resources, we but one,

To love again, and be again undone.

'You will proceed in pleasure, and in pride,

Beloved and loving many; all is o'er

For me on earth, except some years to hide

My shame and sorrow deep in my heart's core;

These I could bear, but cannot cast aside

The passion which still rages as before"

And so farewell"forgive me, love me"No,

Farewell - adiós, despedida, despedirse

That word is idle now"but let it go.

'My breast has been all weakness, is so yet;

But still I think I can collect my mind;

My blood still rushes where my spirit 's set,

As roll the waves before the settled wind;

My heart is feminine, nor can forget"

feminine - femenino, femenil, de mujeres, femenino

To all, except one image, madly blind;

madly - locamente; alocadamente

So shakes the needle, and so stands the pole,

pole - pértiga; polo

As vibrates my fond heart to my fix'd soul.

vibrates - vibrar

'I have no more to say, but linger still,

And dare not set my seal upon this sheet,

seal - sello

And yet I may as well the task fulfil,

My misery can scarce be more complete:

misery - miseria, sinvivir, desgracia, desdicha, infortunio

I had not lived till now, could sorrow kill;

Death shuns the wretch who fain the blow would meet,

shuns - rehuir; evitar

wretch - desgraciado, miserable

And I must even survive this last adieu,

And bear with life, to love and pray for you!'

This note was written upon gilt-edged paper

gilt - dorado; (gild) dorado

With a neat little crow-quill, slight and new:

crow - cuervo, grajo

quill - cálamo, pluma, púa

Her small white hand could hardly reach the taper,

It trembled as magnetic needles do,

magnetic - magnético

And yet she did not let one tear escape her;

The seal a sun-flower; 'Elle vous suit partout,'

partout - Participación

The motto cut upon a white cornelian;

motto - mote, divisa, lema

cornelian - corneliana

The wax was superfine, its hue vermilion.

superfine - Superfino

hue - color; matiz

vermilion - vermellón; bermellón, bermejo

This was Don Juan's earliest scrape; but whether

I shall proceed with his adventures is

Dependent on the public altogether;

We'll see, however, what they say to this:

Their favour in an author's cap 's a feather,

And no great mischief 's done by their caprice;

caprice - capricho

And if their approbation we experience,

approbation - aprobación

Perhaps they'll have some more about a year hence.

My poem 's epic, and is meant to be

divided in twelve books; each book containing,

divided in - dividido en

With love, and war, a heavy gale at sea,

heavy gale - Vendaval fuerte

A list of ships, and captains, and kings reigning,

reigning - reinado, reinar

New characters; the episodes are three:

A panoramic view of hell 's in training,

panoramic - panorámica; panorámico

After the style of Virgil and of Homer,

So that my name of Epic 's no misnomer.

misnomer - nombre equivocado; nombre inapropiado

All these things will be specified in time,

With strict regard to Aristotle's rules,

The Vade Mecum of the true sublime,

Which makes so many poets, and some fools:

Prose poets like blank-verse, I'm fond of rhyme,

prose - prosa

Good workmen never quarrel with their tools;

quarrel - discutir; pelea, rina

I've got new mythological machinery,

mythological - mitológico

machinery - máquinas, maquinaria, checkmecánica

And very handsome supernatural scenery.

supernatural - sobrenatural

scenery - paisaje, decorado

There's only one slight difference between

Me and my epic brethren gone before,

And here the advantage is my own, I ween

(Not that I have not several merits more,

merits - méritos; mérito, merecimiento, meritar

But this will more peculiarly be seen);

They so embellish, that 'tis quite a bore

embellish - embellecer, adornar

Their labyrinth of fables to thread through,

labyrinth - laberinto, dédalo

thread - hilo, hebra, hilaza, tema, argumento, hilazón, subproceso

Whereas this story 's actually true.

If any person doubt it, I appeal

To history, tradition, and to facts,

To newspapers, whose truth all know and feel,

To plays in five, and operas in three acts;

All these confirm my statement a good deal,

But that which more completely faith exacts

Is that myself, and several now in Seville,

Saw Juan's last elopement with the devil.

elopement - fuga; panish: t-needed

If ever I should condescend to prose,

condescend - condescender

I'll write poetical commandments, which

poetical - poético

Commandments - mandamientos; mandamiento

Shall supersede beyond all doubt all those

That went before; in these I shall enrich

enrich - enriquecer

My text with many things that no one knows,

And carry precept to the highest pitch:

precept - precepto

I'll call the work 'Longinus o'er a Bottle,

Or, Every Poet his own Aristotle.'

Thou shalt believe in Milton, Dryden, Pope;

pope - Papa

Thou shalt not set up Wordsworth, Coleridge, Southey;

Because the first is crazed beyond all hope,

crazed - enloquecido; panish: t-needed

The second drunk, the third so quaint and mouthy:

quaint - raro, singular; pintoresco

mouthy - bocazas; deslenguado

With Crabbe it may be difficult to cope,

And Campbell's Hippocrene is somewhat drouthy:

drouthy - gota

Thou shalt not steal from Samuel Rogers, nor

Commit"flirtation with the muse of Moore.

flirtation - coqueteo

Thou shalt not covet Mr. Sotheby's Muse,

covet - desear, codiciar, checkenvidiar

His Pegasus, nor anything that 's his;

Pegasus - Pegaso

Thou shalt not bear false witness like 'the Blues'

(There's one, at least, is very fond of this);

Thou shalt not write, in short, but what I choose:

This is true criticism, and you may kiss"

Exactly as you please, or not,"the rod;

rod - barra, rodillo, cana, vara, bastón, verga, barra

But if you don't, I'll lay it on, by G"d!

If any person should presume to assert

assert - asegurar, aseverar, afirmar, ejercer; confirmar, sostener

This story is not moral, first, I pray,

That they will not cry out before they're hurt,

Then that they'll read it o'er again, and say

(But, doubtless, nobody will be so pert)

doubtless - indudable, sin duda, indudablemente

That this is not a moral tale, though gay;

Besides, in Canto Twelfth, I mean to show

twelfth - duodécimo, décimo segundo, doceavo

The very place where wicked people go.

If, after all, there should be some so blind

To their own good this warning to despise,

despise - despreciar; desdenar

Led by some tortuosity of mind,

tortuosity - tortuosidad

Not to believe my verse and their own eyes,

And cry that they 'the moral cannot find,'

I tell him, if a clergyman, he lies;

clergyman - clérigo

Should captains the remark, or critics, make,

They also lie too"under a mistake.

The public approbation I expect,

And beg they'll take my word about the moral,

Which I with their amusement will connect

(So children cutting teeth receive a coral);

coral - coral

Meantime, they'll doubtless please to recollect

My epical pretensions to the laurel:

pretensions - Pretensión

laurel - laurel, corona de laurel

For fear some prudish readers should grow skittish,

skittish - esquiva; temeroso, tímido, caprichoso, voluble

I've bribed my grandmother's review"the British.

bribed - sobornada; soborno, coima, sobornar, cohechar, coimear

I sent it in a letter to the Editor,

Who thank'd me duly by return of post"

by return of post - a vuelta de correo

I'm for a handsome article his creditor;

creditor - acreedor, acreedora

Yet, if my gentle Muse he please to roast,

roast - asar, rostir, planchar, brindis cómico, vejamen, carne asada

And break a promise after having made it her,

Denying the receipt of what it cost,

And smear his page with gall instead of honey,

smear - manchar, untar, embadurnar, aplicar

gall - bilis, hiel

honey - carino; miel, dulzura, carino, tesoro, cielo

All I can say is"that he had the money.

I think that with this holy new alliance

alliance - alianza

I may ensure the public, and defy

defy - desafiar, desobedecer, renunciar

All other magazines of art or science,

Daily, or monthly, or three monthly; I

Have not essay'd to multiply their clients,

Because they tell me 'twere in vain to try,

And that the Edinburgh Review and Quarterly

Edinburgh - Edimburgo

quarterly - trimestral, acuartelado, trimestralmente

Treat a dissenting author very martyrly.

dissenting - disidente; discrepar, disentir, disenso, disentimiento

martyrly - Mártir

'Non ego hoc ferrem calida juventa

non - No

ego - ego, yo

Consule Planco,'Horace said, and so

consule - cápsula

Say I; by which quotation there is meant a

Hint that some six or seven good years ago

(Long ere I dreamt of dating from the Brenta)

I was most ready to return a blow,

And would not brook at all this sort of thing

brook - rok; arroyo

In my hot youth"when George the Third was King.

George - Jorge

But now at thirty years my hair is grey

(I wonder what it will be like at forty?

I thought of a peruke the other day)"

peruke - peluca

My heart is not much greener; and, in short, I

Have squander'd my whole summer while 'twas May,

squander - malbaratar, despilfarrar, derrochar, farrear

And feel no more the spirit to retort; I

Have spent my life, both interest and principal,

And deem not, what I deem'd, my soul invincible.

invincible - invencible, invencible

No more"no more"Oh! never more on me

The freshness of the heart can fall like dew,

freshness - frescura, frescor

dew - rocío

Which out of all the lovely things we see

Extracts emotions beautiful and new,

Hived in our bosoms like the bag o'the bee:

bosoms - pechos; seno, pechera, busto

Think'st thou the honey with those objects grew?

Alas! 'twas not in them, but in thy power

To double even the sweetness of a flower.

No more"no more"Oh! never more, my heart,

Canst thou be my sole world, my universe!

canst - anst

Once all in all, but now a thing apart,

Thou canst not be my blessing or my curse:

blessing - bendición; (bless); bendición

curse - maldición; maldecir

The illusion 's gone for ever, and thou art

Insensible, I trust, but none the worse,

insensible - insensible

And in thy stead I've got a deal of judgment,

judgment - juicio

Though heaven knows how it ever found a lodgment.

lodgment - alojamiento

My days of love are over; me no more

The charms of maid, wife, and still less of widow,

Can make the fool of which they made before,"

In short, I must not lead the life I did do;

The credulous hope of mutual minds is o'er,

mutual - mutua; mutuo, recíproco

The copious use of claret is forbid too,

copious - copioso

claret - claro; clarete, vino clarete

So for a good old-gentlemanly vice,

gentlemanly - caballeresco, caballeroso, galante

I think I must take up with avarice.

avarice - avaricia, codicia

Ambition was my idol, which was broken

idol - ídolo

Before the shrines of Sorrow, and of Pleasure;

shrines - antuarios; santuario, relicario

And the two last have left me many a token

token - sena, recuerdo, ficha, prenda, símbolo, simbólico, cosmético

O'er which reflection may be made at leisure:

reflection - reflexión, reflejo

Now, like Friar Bacon's brazen head, I've spoken,

friar - fray; fraile

bacon - tocino

brazen - descarado

'Time is, Time was, Time 's past:'"a chymic treasure

chymic - Címico

Is glittering youth, which I have spent betimes"

My heart in passion, and my head on rhymes.

What is the end of Fame? 'tis but to fill

A certain portion of uncertain paper:

uncertain - incierto

Some liken it to climbing up a hill,

liken - comparar

Whose summit, like all hills, is lost in vapour;

summit - cumbre, cima, cúspide; punto álgido

vapour - vapor

For this men write, speak, preach, and heroes kill,

preach - predicar

And bards burn what they call their 'midnight taper,'

bards - Bardo

To have, when the original is dust,

A name, a wretched picture, and worse bust.

bust - reventar; busto, pecho

What are the hopes of man? Old Egypt's King

Cheops erected the first pyramid

erected - rigido; erecto, erguido

pyramid - pirámide

And largest, thinking it was just the thing

To keep his memory whole, and mummy hid;

mummy - mamá

But somebody or other rummaging,

rummaging - rebuscando; revolver

Burglariously broke his coffin's lid:

coffin - ataúd, féretro, cajón

lid - tapa

Let not a monument give you or me hopes,

Since not a pinch of dust remains of Cheops.

pinch - pellizcar, repizcar, afanar, chorizar, pellizco

But I being fond of true philosophy,

Say very often to myself, 'Alas!

All things that have been born were born to die,

And flesh (which Death mows down to hay) is grass;

mows - siega; segar, cortar

Hay - heno

You've pass'd your youth not so unpleasantly,

unpleasantly - desagradablemente

And if you had it o'er again"'twould pass"

So thank your stars that matters are no worse,

And read your Bible, sir, and mind your purse.'

Bible - la biblia; biblia

purse - bolsa, monedero, fruncir

But for the present, gentle reader! and

Still gentler purchaser! the bard"that 's I"

Must, with permission, shake you by the hand,

And so 'Your humble servant, and good-b'ye!'

humble - humilde

We meet again, if we should understand

Each other; and if not, I shall not try

Your patience further than by this short sample"

'Twere well if others follow'd my example.

'Go, little book, from this my solitude!

I cast thee on the waters"go thy ways!

And if, as I believe, thy vein be good,

vein - vena

The world will find thee after many days.'

When Southey's read, and Wordsworth understood,

I can't help putting in my claim to praise"

The four first rhymes are Southey's every line:

For God's sake, reader! take them not for mine.


O ye! who teach the ingenuous youth of nations,

Holland, France, England, Germany, or Spain,

I pray ye flog them upon all occasions,

flog - azotar

It mends their morals, never mind the pain:

The best of mothers and of educations

In Juan's case were but employ'd in vain,

Since, in a way that 's rather of the oddest, he

Became divested of his native modesty.

divested - desinvertido; privar

modesty - modestia, pudor

Had he but been placed at a public school,

In the third form, or even in the fourth,

His daily task had kept his fancy cool,

daily task - tarea diaria

At least, had he been nurtured in the north;

nurtured - limentado; cuidado, crianza, ternura, levantamiento

Spain may prove an exception to the rule,

But then exceptions always prove its worth"

A lad of sixteen causing a divorce

lad - nino, chico, mozo, mozalbete

Puzzled his tutors very much, of course.

I can't say that it puzzles me at all,

If all things be consider'd: first, there was

His lady"mother, mathematical,

A"never mind; his tutor, an old ass;

ass - culo; asno, burro

A pretty woman (that 's quite natural,

Or else the thing had hardly come to pass);

A husband rather old, not much in unity

With his young wife"a time, and opportunity.

Well"well, the world must turn upon its axis,

axis - eje

And all mankind turn with it, heads or tails,

And live and die, make love and pay our taxes,

And as the veering wind shifts, shift our sails;

veering - Virando; (veer) Virando

The king commands us, and the doctor quacks us,

quacks - harlatanes; graznido

The priest instructs, and so our life exhales,

instructs - instrucciones; instruir

exhales - espirar, exhalar

A little breath, love, wine, ambition, fame,

Fighting, devotion, dust,"perhaps a name.

I said that Juan had been sent to Cadiz"

A pretty town, I recollect it well"

'Tis there the mart of the colonial trade is

Colonial - colonial

(Or was, before Peru learn'd to rebel),

Peru - Perú

rebel - rebelde

And such sweet girls"I mean, such graceful ladies,

graceful - gracia; grácil, gracioso

Their very walk would make your bosom swell;

swell - genial; hinchar(se), inflar(se)

I can't describe it, though so much it strike,

Nor liken it"I never saw the like:

An Arab horse, a stately stag, a barb

stately - enorial; majestuoso

stag - el ciervo; ciervo, potro, potra, potranca, rastrear

barb - púas; lengüeta

New broke, a cameleopard, a gazelle,

cameleopard - Camaleopardo

gazelle - gacela

No"none of these will do;"and then their garb!

garb - Atuendo

Their veil and petticoat"Alas! to dwell

petticoat - enaguas

dwell - habitar, morar

Upon such things would very near absorb

A canto"then their feet and ankles,"well,

Thank Heaven I've got no metaphor quite ready

(And so, my sober Muse"come, let 's be steady"

Chaste Muse!"well, if you must, you must)"the veil

thrown back a moment with the glancing hand,

thrown back - lanzar hacia atrás; frenar; apurar; devolver

glancing - echando un vistazo; (glance); ojear, echar un vistazo, mirar

While the o'erpowering eye, that turns you pale,

erpowering - Potente

Flashes into the heart:"All sunny land

Of love! when I forget you, may I fail

To"say my prayers"but never was there plann'd

plann - Plan

A dress through which the eyes give such a volley,

volley - salva, volea, voleo

Excepting the Venetian Fazzioli.

venetian - veneciano, veneciano, veneciana, véneto

But to our tale: the Donna Inez sent

Her son to Cadiz only to embark;

embark - embarcar, embarcarse

To stay there had not answer'd her intent,

But why?"we leave the reader in the dark"

'Twas for a voyage that the young man was meant,

As if a Spanish ship were Noah's ark,

Noah - Noé

ark - arca

To wean him from the wickedness of earth,

wean - destetar

wickedness - maldad, perversidad

And send him like a dove of promise forth.

Don Juan bade his valet pack his things

valet - vale; edecán, mánager, aparcacoches

According to direction, then received

A lecture and some money: for four springs

He was to travel; and though Inez grieved

(As every kind of parting has its stings),

stings - piquetes; aguijón

She hoped he would improve"perhaps believed:

A letter, too, she gave (he never read it)

Of good advice"and two or three of credit.

In the mean time, to pass her hours away,

Brave Inez now set up a Sunday school

For naughty children, who would rather play

(Like truant rogues) the devil, or the fool;

rogues - pícaros; canalla, granuja, vago

Infants of three years old were taught that day,

infants - infantes; nene, infante

Dunces were whipt, or set upon a stool:

dunces - tontos; tonto de capirote

whipt - Latigazo

stool - heces; taburete

The great success of Juan's education,

Spurr'd her to teach another generation.

Juan embark'd"the ship got under way,

The wind was fair, the water passing rough:

A devil of a sea rolls in that bay,

As I, who've cross'd it oft, know well enough;

And, standing upon deck, the dashing spray

dashing - legante; raya, guion largo, carrerita, gota, pizca, lanzarse

spray - pulverizador; rociada, pulverización

Flies in one's face, and makes it weather-tough:

And there he stood to take, and take again,

His first"perhaps his last"farewell of Spain.

I can't but say it is an awkward sight

To see one's native land receding through

native land - tierra nativa

receding - retrocediendo; alejarse

The growing waters; it unmans one quite,

Especially when life is rather new:

I recollect Great Britain's coast looks white,

Britain - Gran Bretana

But almost every other country 's blue,

When gazing on them, mystified by distance,

We enter on our nautical existence.

nautical - náutica; náutico

So Juan stood, bewilder'd on the deck:

bewilder - confundir, desconcertar

The wind sung, cordage strain'd, and sailors swore,

strain - tensión; estirar, tensar

And the ship creak'd, the town became a speck,

creak - crujido, crujir, chirriar, rechinar

speck - mancha; manchita

From which away so fair and fast they bore.

The best of remedies is a beef-steak

remedies - remedios; remedio, recurso, remediar

steak - bistec, bisté, filete, filete

Against sea-sickness: try it, sir, before

sickness - enfermedad, dolencia

You sneer, and I assure you this is true,

For I have found it answer"so may you.

Don Juan stood, and, gazing from the stern,

stern - severo, austero, serio

Beheld his native Spain receding far:

beheld - ontemplado; contemplar, mirar, observar, he aquí, mirad

First partings form a lesson hard to learn,

partings - despedidas; carrera, crencha, raya del cabello, raya del pelo

Even nations feel this when they go to war;

There is a sort of unexprest concern,

A kind of shock that sets one's heart ajar:

ajar - entreabierto

At leaving even the most unpleasant people

most unpleasant - ás desagradable

And places, one keeps looking at the steeple.

steeple - campanario

But Juan had got many things to leave,

His mother, and a mistress, and no wife,

So that he had much better cause to grieve

Than many persons more advanced in life;

And if we now and then a sigh must heave

heave - arriba; ondular

At quitting even those we quit in strife,

No doubt we weep for those the heart endears"

That is, till deeper griefs congeal our tears.

griefs - duelos; pesar, pesadumbre, dolor, sufrimiento

congeal - congelarse; congelar, coagular

So Juan wept, as wept the captive Jews

captive - cautivo, prisionero, preso

By Babel's waters, still remembering Sion:

I'd weep,"but mine is not a weeping Muse,

weeping - Llorando; (weep) Llorando

And such light griefs are not a thing to die on;

Young men should travel, if but to amuse

amuse - entretener, distraer, divertir

Themselves; and the next time their servants tie on

Behind their carriages their new portmanteau,

carriages - carrozas; coche, carruaje

Perhaps it may be lined with this my canto.

And Juan wept, and much he sigh'd and thought,

While his salt tears dropp'd into the salt sea,

'Sweets to the sweet'(I like so much to quote;

You must excuse this extract, 'tis where she,

The Queen of Denmark, for Ophelia brought

Denmark - Dinamarca

Flowers to the grave); and, sobbing often, he

sobbing - sollozando; sollozo, sollozante; (sob); hdp

Reflected on his present situation,

And seriously resolved on reformation.

'Farewell, my Spain! a long farewell!'he cried,

'Perhaps I may revisit thee no more,

revisit - revisitar; Volver a Visitar

But die, as many an exiled heart hath died,

Of its own thirst to see again thy shore:

thirst - sed, hambre, ambición, ansias, tener sed, desear

Farewell, where Guadalquivir's waters glide!

glide - deslizarse; deslizar, planear

Farewell, my mother! and, since all is o'er,

Farewell, too, dearest Julia!"(Here he drew

Her letter out again, and read it through.)

'And, oh! if e'er I should forget, I swear"

But that 's impossible, and cannot be"

Sooner shall this blue ocean melt to air,

Sooner shall earth resolve itself to sea,

Than I resign thine image, oh, my fair!

Or think of any thing excepting thee;

A mind diseased no remedy can physic

physic - Física

(Here the ship gave a lurch, and he grew sea-sick).

lurch - golpe; tambalearse

'Sooner shall heaven kiss earth (here he fell sicker),

O, Julia! what is every other wo?

(For God's sake let me have a glass of liquor;

liquor - jugo, licor

Pedro, Battista, help me down below.)

Julia, my love! (you rascal, Pedro, quicker)"

rascal - granuja; pícaro, bribón, canalla

O, Julia! (this curst vessel pitches so)"

Beloved Julia, hear me still beseeching!'

(Here he grew inarticulate with retching.)

retching - las arcadas

He felt that chilling heaviness of heart,

chilling - escalofriante; (chill) escalofriante

heaviness - pesadez

Or rather stomach, which, alas! attends,

Beyond the best apothecary's art,

apothecary - boticario

The loss of love, the treachery of friends,

treachery - traición; alevosía

Or death of those we dote on, when a part

dote - amoroso

Of us dies with them as each fond hope ends:

No doubt he would have been much more pathetic,

pathetic - patético, penoso

But the sea acted as a strong emetic. I

emetic - emético

Love 's a capricious power: I've known it hold

capricious - aprichosa; caprichoso, antojadizo

Out through a fever caused by its own heat,

But be much puzzled by a cough and cold,

cough - toser, tos

And find a quincy very hard to treat;

Against all noble maladies he 's bold,

maladies - ales; mal

But vulgar illnesses don't like to meet,

vulgar - vulgar, chabacano, ramplón

Nor that a sneeze should interrupt his sigh,

sneeze - estornudar, estornudo

Nor inflammations redden his blind eye.

inflammations - inflamaciones; inflamación

redden - enrojecer

But worst of all is nausea, or a pain

nausea - náusea, repulsión, asco, náuseas

About the lower region of the bowels;

bowels - intestinos; intestino grueso, tripa, intestino, entranas

Love, who heroically breathes a vein,

heroically - heroicamente

Shrinks from the application of hot towels,

shrinks - se encoge; contraerse, encogerse, achicarse, mermar

And purgatives are dangerous to his reign,

purgatives - purgantes; purgativo

reign - reinado, reinar

Sea-sickness death: his love was perfect, how else

Could Juan's passion, while the billows roar,

billows - olas; oleada, ola, hincharse

roar - rugir, bramar, rugido, bramido

Resist his stomach, ne'er at sea before?

The ship, call'd the most holy 'Trinidada,'

Was steering duly for the port Leghorn;

steering - dirección; (steer); dirección

For there the Spanish family Moncada

Were settled long ere Juan's sire was born:

They were relations, and for them he had a

Letter of introduction, which the morn

morn - manana

Of his departure had been sent him by

His Spanish friends for those in Italy.

His suite consisted of three servants and

suite - secuta

A tutor, the licentiate Pedrillo,

Who several languages did understand,

But now lay sick and speechless on his pillow,

speechless - sin palabras, sin habla, atónito, perplejo

And rocking in his hammock, long'd for land,

hammock - hamaca, hamaca paraguaya

His headache being increased by every billow;

billow - willow; oleada, ola, hincharse

And the waves oozing through the port-hole made

oozing - rezumando; manar, rezumar

His berth a little damp, and him afraid.

berth - itera; catre, amarradero, plaza, atracar

damp - húmedo, humedad, amortiguar

'Twas not without some reason, for the wind

Increased at night, until it blew a gale;

And though 'twas not much to a naval mind,

Some landsmen would have look'd a little pale,

landsmen - terrateniente

For sailors are, in fact, a different kind:

At sunset they began to take in sail,

sunset - puesta de sol; puesta del sol, ocaso, atardecer

For the sky show'd it would come on to blow,

And carry away, perhaps, a mast or so.

carry away - dejarse llevar

mast - mástil

At one o'clock the wind with sudden shift

Threw the ship right into the trough of the sea,

trough - comedero (for food), abrevadero (for drinking), canaleta, valle

Which struck her aft, and made an awkward rift,

aft - De popa

rift - fisura; hendedura, grieta

Started the stern-post, also shatter'd the

shatter - destrozar; astillar, estrellar, quebrantar, hacer anicos

Whole of her stern-frame, and, ere she could lift

Herself from out her present jeopardy,

jeopardy - peligro, riesgo

The rudder tore away: 'twas time to sound

rudder - timón; (rud); timón

tore - Romper

The pumps, and there were four feet water found.

pumps - bombas; bomba

One gang of people instantly was put

Upon the pumps and the remainder set

remainder - restos; resto, remanente, sobras, restante

To get up part of the cargo, and what not;

cargo - carga

But they could not come at the leak as yet;

leak - fuga; gotera, agujero, rotura, vía, pérdida, filtración, gotear

At last they did get at it really, but

Still their salvation was an even bet:

Salvation - salvación

The water rush'd through in a way quite puzzling,

While they thrust sheets, shirts, jackets, bales of muslin,

thrust - estocada, empuje, envión, impulso, énfasis, propulsar, asestar

bales - pacas; fardo

Into the opening; but all such ingredients

Would have been vain, and they must have gone down,

Despite of all their efforts and expedients,

expedients - exigencias; conveniente, expediente

But for the pumps: I'm glad to make them known

To all the brother tars who may have need hence,

tars - alquitranes; alquitrán, brea, chapapote

For fifty tons of water were upthrown

upthrown - Derribar

By them per hour, and they had all been undone,

But for the maker, Mr. Mann, of London.

As day advanced the weather seem'd to abate,

abate - reducir; disminuir, amainar

And then the leak they reckon'd to reduce,

And keep the ship afloat, though three feet yet

afloat - a flote

Kept two hand and one chain-pump still in use.

pump - bomba

The wind blew fresh again: as it grew late

A squall came on, and while some guns broke loose,

squall - chillar; tormenta, borrasca

A gust"which all descriptive power transcends"

gust - ráfaga, racha

descriptive - descriptivo

transcends - rasciende; trascender

Laid with one blast the ship on her beam ends.

blast - ráfaga

There she lay motionless, and seem'd upset;

motionless - inmóvil, inerte, quieto, en reposo

The water left the hold, and wash'd the decks,

And made a scene men do not soon forget;

For they remember battles, fires, and wrecks,

wrecks - naufragios; cacharro, trasto, guinapo, choque, desastre

Or any other thing that brings regret,

Or breaks their hopes, or hearts, or heads, or necks:

Thus drownings are much talk'd of by the divers,

drownings - hogamientos; ahogamiento

divers - buceadores; saltador, saltadora, piscinero, piscinera

And swimmers, who may chance to be survivors.

swimmers - nadadores; nadador, nadadora

Immediately the masts were cut away,

masts - mástiles; mástil

Both main and mizen; first the mizen went,

The main-mast follow'd: but the ship still lay

Like a mere log, and baffled our intent.

mere - simple, mero

log - registro; tronco, leno

baffled - desconcertado; desconcertar, confundir

Foremast and bowsprit were cut down, and they

foremast - el trinquete; palo de trinquete

bowsprit - bauprés

Eased her at last (although we never meant

eased - aliviado; aliviar

To part with all till every hope was blighted),

And then with violence the old ship righted.

It may be easily supposed, while this

Was going on, some people were unquiet,

That passengers would find it much amiss

To lose their lives, as well as spoil their diet;

That even the able seaman, deeming his

able seaman - marinero profesional

Days nearly o'er, might be disposed to riot,

riot - alboroto, tumulto, disturbios, algarada

As upon such occasions tars will ask

For grog, and sometimes drink rum from the cask.

grog - grog

rum - ron

cask - barril; cuba, tonel

There's nought, no doubt, so much the spirit calms

As rum and true religion: thus it was,

Some plunder'd, some drank spirits, some sung psalms,

plunder - saquear, saqueo, botín

Psalms - salmos; salmo

The high wind made the treble, and as bas

treble - agudos; triple

The hoarse harsh waves kept time; fright cured the qualms

hoarse - ronco

harsh - áspero, duro, severo, despotricar

qualms - reticencias; escrúpulo, escrupulo, naúsea

Of all the luckless landsmen's sea-sick maws:

Strange sounds of wailing, blasphemy, devotion,

wailing - aullidos; (wail) aullidos

blasphemy - blasfemia

Clamour'd in chorus to the roaring ocean.

clamour - clamor, griterío

chorus - coro, estribillo, corear

Perhaps more mischief had been done, but for

Our Juan, who, with sense beyond his years,

Got to the spirit-room, and stood before

It with a pair of pistols; and their fears,

pistols - pistolas; pistola

As if Death were more dreadful by his door

more dreadful - más terrible

Of fire than water, spite of oaths and tears,

oaths - juramentos; juramento, jurar

Kept still aloof the crew, who, ere they sunk,

aloof - apartado, distante, sin compasión, alejado, reservado

Thought it would be becoming to die drunk.

'Give us more grog,'they cried, 'for it will be

All one an hour hence.'Juan answer'd, 'No!

'Tis true that death awaits both you and me,

awaits - te espera; esperar, aguantar

But let us die like men, not sink below

Like brutes;'"and thus his dangerous post kept he,

brutes - brutos; animal, bestia

And none liked to anticipate the blow;

And even Pedrillo, his most reverend tutor,

Was for some rum a disappointed suitor.

suitor - pretendiente

The good old gentleman was quite aghast,

aghast - asustado; espantado, aterrado, horrorizado

And made a loud and pious lamentation;

pious - piadoso

lamentation - lamentación

Repented all his sins, and made a last

sins - pecados; pecado

Irrevocable vow of reformation;

irrevocable - irrevocable

Nothing should tempt him more (this peril past)

tempt - tentar

peril - peligro, riesgo

To quit his academic occupation,

In cloisters of the classic Salamanca,

cloisters - claustro

To follow Juan's wake, like Sancho Panca.

But now there came a flash of hope once more;

Day broke, and the wind lull'd: the masts were gone,

The leak increased; shoals round her, but no shore,

shoals - bancos; banco, cardumen

The vessel swam, yet still she held her own.

They tried the pumps again, and though before

Their desperate efforts seem'd all useless grown,

A glimpse of sunshine set some hands to bale"

Glimpse - un vistazo; atisbo, entrever, atisbar, vislumbrar, ojear

sunshine - sol, luz del sol

bale - bala; fardo

The stronger pump'd, the weaker thrumm'd a sail.

thrumm - Zumbido

Under the vessel's keel the sail was past,

keel - quilla

And for the moment it had some effect;

But with a leak, and not a stick of mast,

Nor rag of canvas, what could they expect?

canvas - lienzo; lona

But still 'tis best to struggle to the last,

'Tis never too late to be wholly wreck'd:

wreck - naufragio; cacharro, trasto, guinapo, choque, desastre

And though 'tis true that man can only die once,

'Tis not so pleasant in the Gulf of Lyons.

Gulf - golfo

There winds and waves had hurl'd them, and from thence,

hurl - arrojar, lanzar, tirar, proyectar, volver

thence - desde ahí

Without their will, they carried them away;

For they were forced with steering to dispense,

dispense - dispensar

And never had as yet a quiet day

On which they might repose, or even commence

commence - comenzar, empezar, iniciar, principiar

A jurymast or rudder, or could say

The ship would swim an hour, which, by good luck,

Still swam"though not exactly like a duck.

Duck - pato; hundir, sumergir

The wind, in fact, perhaps was rather less,

But the ship labour'd so, they scarce could hope

To weather out much longer; the distress

distress - aflicción, angustia, desasosiego, ansiedad

Was also great with which they had to cope

For want of water, and their solid mess

Was scant enough: in vain the telescope

scant - escaso, magro, exiguo

telescope - telescopio

Was used"nor sail nor shore appear'd in sight,

Nought but the heavy sea, and coming night.

Again the weather threaten'd,"again blew

A gale, and in the fore and after hold

Water appear'd; yet, though the people knew

All this, the most were patient, and some bold,

Until the chains and leathers were worn through

Of all our pumps:"a wreck complete she roll'd,

At mercy of the waves, whose mercies are

mercy - misericordia, piedad

mercies - misericordias; misericordia, piedad

Like human beings during civil war.

beings - seres; ser, criatura, existencia

Then came the carpenter, at last, with tears

Carpenter - carpintero, carpintera, ebanista

In his rough eyes, and told the captain he

Could do no more: he was a man in years,

And long had voyaged through many a stormy sea,

stormy sea - mar tempestuoso

And if he wept at length, they were not fears

That made his eyelids as a woman's be,

eyelids - párpados; párpado

But he, poor fellow, had a wife and children,"

Two things for dying people quite bewildering.

bewildering - esconcertante; confundir, desconcertar

The ship was evidently settling now

evidently - evidentemente

Fast by the head; and, all distinction gone,

distinction - distinción

Some went to prayers again, and made a vow

Of candles to their saints"but there were none

To pay them with; and some look'd o'er the bow;

Some hoisted out the boats; and there was one

hoisted - izadas; izar, aparejo

That begg'd Pedrillo for an absolution,

absolution - la absolución; absolución

Who told him to be damn'd"in his confusion.

Some lash'd them in their hammocks; some put on

lash - pestanas; pestana

hammocks - hamacas; hamaca, hamaca paraguaya

Their best clothes, as if going to a fair;

Some cursed the day on which they saw the sun,

cursed - Maldito; (curs) Maldito

And gnash'd their teeth, and, howling, tore their hair;

howling - aullando; (howl); aullido, aullar, ganir

And others went on as they had begun,

Getting the boats out, being well aware

That a tight boat will live in a rough sea,

rough sea - Mar agitado

Unless with breakers close beneath her lee.

breakers - Rompedor

Lee - abrigo, sotavento, socaire

The worst of all was, that in their condition,

Having been several days in great distress,

'Twas difficult to get out such provision

provision - provisión, aprovisionar, avituallar

As now might render their long suffering less:

Men, even when dying, dislike inanition;

inanition - inanición

Their stock was damaged by the weather's stress:

Two casks of biscuit and a keg of butter

casks - barricas; cuba, tonel

keg - barril

Were all that could be thrown into the cutter.

But in the long-boat they contrived to stow

Stow - estibar; guardar, poner, colocar

Some pounds of bread, though injured by the wet;

Water, a twenty-gallon cask or so;

gallon - galón

Six flasks of wine; and they contrived to get

flasks - frascos; petaca, licorera disfrazado

A portion of their beef up from below,

And with a piece of pork, moreover, met,

pork - cerdo, puerco

But scarce enough to serve them for a luncheon"

luncheon - almuerzo

Then there was rum, eight gallons in a puncheon.

gallons - galones; galón

The other boats, the yawl and pinnace, had

pinnace - pinaza

Been stove in the beginning of the gale;

stove - fogón; estufa, cocina, horno; (stave); duela, estrofa

And the long-boat's condition was but bad,

As there were but two blankets for a sail,

And one oar for a mast, which a young lad

Threw in by good luck over the ship's rail;

And two boats could not hold, far less be stored,

To save one half the people then on board.

'Twas twilight, and the sunless day went down

twilight - crepúsculo, penumbra

Over the waste of waters; like a veil,

Which, if withdrawn, would but disclose the frown

disclose - revelar, divulgar

Of one whose hate is mask'd but to assail,

mask - máscara, careta, mascarilla

assail - atacar, asaltar, aturdir

Thus to their hopeless eyes the night was shown,

hopeless - sin esperanza; desesperado

And grimly darkled o'er the faces pale,

grimly - Con tristeza

darkled - Oscuridad

And the dim desolate deep: twelve days had Fear

Been their familiar, and now Death was here.

Some trial had been making at a raft,

raft - balsa

With little hope in such a rolling sea,

A sort of thing at which one would have laugh'd,

If any laughter at such times could be,

Unless with people who too much have quaff'd,

And have a kind of wild and horrid glee,

glee - júbilo, alegría, regocijo

Half epileptical and half hysterical:"

epileptical - epiléptico

Their preservation would have been a miracle.

preservation - preservación

miracle - milagro

At half-past eight o'clock, booms, hencoops, spars,

booms - boom, auge

spars - Partes; (Spar) Partes

And all things, for a chance, had been cast loose,

That still could keep afloat the struggling tars,

For yet they strove, although of no great use:

There was no light in heaven but a few stars,

The boats put off o'ercrowded with their crews;

ercrowded - Abarrotado

She gave a heel, and then a lurch to port,

And, going down head foremost"sunk, in short.

Then rose from sea to sky the wild farewell"

Then shriek'd the timid, and stood still the brave,

shriek - gritar; alarido, chillido, chillar

Then some leap'd overboard with dreadful yell,

leap - salto; saltar, brincar

dreadful - terrible; espantoso, espantosa

yell - gritar; grito, alarido

As eager to anticipate their grave;

eager - ávido, ansioso, deseoso

And the sea yawn'd around her like a hell,

And down she suck'd with her the whirling wave,

suck - chupar, sorber, ser un asco, dar asco, apestar

whirling - Girando; (whirl) Girando

Like one who grapples with his enemy,

grapples - grapples; forcejear, luchar

And strives to strangle him before he die.

strives - se esfuerza; esforzarse

strangle - estrangular

And first one universal shriek there rush'd,

Louder than the loud ocean, like a crash

Of echoing thunder; and then all was hush'd,

echoing - haciendo eco; eco, repercutir, repetir, hacer eco

Save the wild wind and the remorseless dash

remorseless - Sin remordimientos

Dash - raya, guion largo, carrerita, gota, pizca, lanzarse, romper

Of billows; but at intervals there gush'd,

gush - manar, salir a borbotones, brotar, hacer efusión

Accompanied with a convulsive splash,

convulsive - convulsivo, convulso

splash - salpicaduras; salpicadura, chapotear, salpicar

A solitary shriek, the bubbling cry

solitary - solitario

Of some strong swimmer in his agony.

swimmer - nadador, nadadora

agony - agonía, angustia

The boats, as stated, had got off before,

And in them crowded several of the crew;

And yet their present hope was hardly more

Than what it had been, for so strong it blew

There was slight chance of reaching any shore;

And then they were too many, though so few"

Nine in the cutter, thirty in the boat,

Were counted in them when they got afloat.

All the rest perish'd; near two hundred souls

perish - perecer

Had left their bodies; and what 's worse, alas!

When over Catholics the ocean rolls,

They must wait several weeks before a mass

Takes off one peck of purgatorial coals,

purgatorial - Purgatorio

Because, till people know what 's come to pass,

They won't lay out their money on the dead"

It costs three francs for every mass that 's said.

francs - francos; franco

Juan got into the long-boat, and there

Contrived to help Pedrillo to a place;

It seem'd as if they had exchanged their care,

For Juan wore the magisterial face

Which courage gives, while poor Pedrillo's pair

Of eyes were crying for their owner's case:

Battista; though (a name call'd shortly Tita),

Was lost by getting at some aqua-vita.

Pedro, his valet, too, he tried to save,

But the same cause, conducive to his loss,

conducive - propicio; favorable

Left him so drunk, he jump'd into the wave

As o'er the cutter's edge he tried to cross,

And so he found a wine-and-watery grave;

watery - agua; acuoso, lloroso

They could not rescue him although so close,

Because the sea ran higher every minute,

And for the boat"the crew kept crowding in it.

A small old spaniel,"which had been Don Jose's,

spaniel - paniel; perro de aguas

His father's, whom he loved, as ye may think,

For on such things the memory reposes

reposes - reposa; reposo

With tenderness"stood howling on the brink,

tenderness - ternura

brink - al borde; borde

Knowing (dogs have such intellectual noses!),

No doubt, the vessel was about to sink;

And Juan caught him up, and ere he stepp'd

Off, threw him in, then after him he leap'd.

He also stuff'd his money where he could

About his person, and Pedrillo's too,

Who let him do, in fact, whate'er he would,

Not knowing what himself to say, or do,

As every rising wave his dread renew'd;

But Juan, trusting they might still get through,

And deeming there were remedies for any ill,

Thus re-embark'd his tutor and his spaniel.

'Twas a rough night, and blew so stiffly yet,

That the sail was becalm'd between the seas,

Though on the wave's high top too much to set,

They dared not take it in for all the breeze:

breeze - brisa

Each sea curl'd o'er the stern, and kept them wet,

curl - rulo; rizo, bucle, flexión

And made them bale without a moment's ease,

So that themselves as well as hopes were damp'd,

And the poor little cutter quickly swamp'd.

swamp - embalsadero, pantano, ciénaga, embalse

Nine souls more went in her: the long-boat still

Kept above water, with an oar for mast,

Two blankets stitch'd together, answering ill

stitch - puntada

Instead of sail, were to the oar made fast:

Though every wave roll'd menacing to fill,

menacing - amenazante; amenaza, peligro

And present peril all before surpass'd,

They grieved for those who perish'd with the cutter,

And also for the biscuit-casks and butter.

The sun rose red and fiery, a sure sign

Of the continuance of the gale: to run

Before the sea until it should grow fine,

Was all that for the present could be done:

A few tea-spoonfuls of their rum and wine

spoonfuls - cucharadas; cucharada

Were served out to the people, who begun

To faint, and damaged bread wet through the bags,

faint - desmayarse; débil, tenue

And most of them had little clothes but rags.

rags - trapos; trapo

They counted thirty, crowded in a space

Which left scarce room for motion or exertion;

They did their best to modify their case,

One half sate up, though numb'd with the immersion,

numb - entumecido, entumido

While t'other half were laid down in their place

At watch and watch; thus, shivering like the tertian

Ague in its cold fit, they fill'd their boat,

ague - fiebre intermitente, escalofrío

With nothing but the sky for a great coat.

'Tis very certain the desire of life

Prolongs it: this is obvious to physicians,

prolongs - prolongar

When patients, neither plagued with friends nor wife,

plagued - plagado; plaga, peste, plagar, molestar, atormentar

Survive through very desperate conditions,

Because they still can hope, nor shines the knife

Nor shears of Atropos before their visions:

shears - cizallas; cizallar, cortar, esquilar, tonsurar, tundir

Despair of all recovery spoils longevity,

longevity - longevidad

And makes men miseries miseries of alarming brevity.

miseries - iserias; miseria, sinvivir, desgracia, desdicha, infortunio

brevity - brevedad, concisión

'Tis said that persons living on annuities

annuities - nualidades; anualidad

Are longer lived than others,"God knows why,

Unless to plague the grantors,"yet so true it is,

grantors - otorgante

That some, I really think, do never die;

Of any creditors the worst a Jew it is,

creditors - acreedores; acreedor, acreedora

And that 's their mode of furnishing supply:

furnishing - mobiliario; (furnish); amoblar, amueblar, suministrar

In my young days they lent me cash that way,

Which I found very troublesome to pay.

'Tis thus with people in an open boat,

They live upon the love of life, and bear

More than can be believed, or even thought,

And stand like rocks the tempest's wear and tear;

And hardship still has been the sailor's lot,

hardship - dificultades; sufrimientos, apuro, penalidades

Since Noah's ark went cruising here and there;

She had a curious crew as well as cargo,

Like the first Old Greek privateer, the Argo.

Old Greek - Griego antiguo

privateer - privado; buque corsario

Argo - Argo

But man is a carnivorous production,

carnivorous - carnívoro

And must have meals, at least one meal a day;

He cannot live, like woodcocks, upon suction,

woodcocks - gallo; chocha, chochaperdiz

suction - succión, succionar, chupar

But, like the shark and tiger, must have prey;

Shark - tiburón

tiger - tigre; tigresa

prey - botín, presa

Although his anatomical construction

anatomical - anatómico

Bears vegetables, in a grumbling way,

grumbling - refunfunando; (grumble); refunfunar, rezongar

Your labouring people think beyond all question,

Beef, veal, and mutton, better for digestion.

veal - ternera

mutton - ovino; cordero

digestion - digestión, descomposición, putrefacción, asimilación

And thus it was with this our hapless crew;

hapless - desventurado; infeliz, infortunado, desgraciado

For on the third day there came on a calm,

And though at first their strength it might renew,

And lying on their weariness like balm,

balm - bálsamo

Lull'd them like turtles sleeping on the blue

turtles - tortugas; tortuga marina

Of ocean, when they woke they felt a qualm,

qualm - dudas; escrúpulo, escrupulo, naúsea

And fell all ravenously on their provision,

ravenously - orazmente

Instead of hoarding it with due precision.

hoarding - acaparamiento; valla; (hoard) acaparamiento; valla

The consequence was easily foreseen"

foreseen - previsto; pronosticar, prever, antever

They ate up all they had, and drank their wine,

ate up - se comió

In spite of all remonstrances, and then

On what, in fact, next day were they to dine?

dine - cenar

They hoped the wind would rise, these foolish men!

And carry them to shore; these hopes were fine,

But as they had but one oar, and that brittle,

brittle - frágil, quebradizo, friable, crocante

It would have been more wise to save their victual.

victual - Virtual

The fourth day came, but not a breath of air,

And Ocean slumber'd like an unwean'd child:

unwean - Destetar

The fifth day, and their boat lay floating there,

The sea and sky were blue, and clear, and mild"

With their one oar (I wish they had had a pair)

What could they do? and hunger's rage grew wild:

So Juan's spaniel, spite of his entreating,

Entreating - interesante; rogar, suplicar, invitar, compartir, negociar

Was kill'd and portion'd out for present eating.

On the sixth day they fed upon his hide,

fed - alimentado; (feed) alimentado

And Juan, who had still refused, because

refused - rechazado; negarse (a)

The creature was his father's dog that died,

Now feeling all the vulture in his jaws,

vulture - buitre, zopilote

jaws - mandíbulas; maxilar

With some remorse received (though first denied)

As a great favour one of the fore-paws,

paws - patas; pata, garra (gato), zarpa (león)

Which he divided with Pedrillo, who

Devour'd it, longing for the other too.

devour - devorar, jambar

The seventh day, and no wind"the burning sun

Blister'd and scorch'd, and, stagnant on the sea,

scorch - chamuscar

stagnant - estancada; estancado, atascado

They lay like carcasses; and hope was none,

carcasses - cadáveres; cadáver, carcasa

Save in the breeze that came not; savagely

savagely - salvajemente

They glared upon each other"all was done,

glared - miró; mirada fulminante

Water, and wine, and food,"and you might see

The longings of the cannibal arise

cannibal - caníbal

(Although they spoke not) in their wolfish eyes.

At length one whisper'd his companion, who

companion - companero; companero, companera

Whisper'd another, and thus it went round,

And then into a hoarser murmur grew,

hoarser - ronas

murmur - murmullo; soplo, murmurar

An ominous, and wild, and desperate sound;

ominous - ominoso, siniestro, agorero

And when his comrade's thought each sufferer knew,

comrade - companero, colega, camarada, correligionario, camarada

sufferer - nfermo; sufridor

'Twas but his own, suppress'd till now, he found:

Suppress - reprimar, contener, ocultar, suprimir

And out they spoke of lots for flesh and blood,

And who should die to be his fellow's food.

But ere they came to this, they that day shared

Some leathern caps, and what remain'd of shoes;

leathern - de cuero

And then they look'd around them and despair'd,

And none to be the sacrifice would choose;

sacrifice - sacrificar, sacrificio

At length the lots were torn up, and prepared,

torn up - hecho pedazos, destrozado

But of materials that much shock the Muse"

Having no paper, for the want of better,

They took by force from Juan Julia's letter.

The lots were made, and mark'd, and mix'd, and handed,

In silent horror, and their distribution

Lull'd even the savage hunger which demanded,

savage - salvaje

Like the Promethean vulture, this pollution;

Promethean - prometeo; prometeico

None in particular had sought or plann'd it,

'Twas nature gnaw'd them to this resolution,

gnaw - roer

By which none were permitted to be neuter"

neuter - esterilizar; neutral, neutro, castrar, capar

And the lot fell on Juan's luckless tutor.

He but requested to be bled to death:

bled - sangrar, desangrar, purgar, sangría, sangrado, sangre

The surgeon had his instruments, and bled

Pedrillo, and so gently ebb'd his breath,

Ebb - reflujo, marea, marea baja, bajamar

You hardly could perceive when he was dead.

He died as born, a Catholic in faith,

Like most in the belief in which they're bred,

And first a little crucifix he kiss'd,

crucifix - crucifijo

And then held out his jugular and wrist.

jugular - yugular

The surgeon, as there was no other fee,

Had his first choice of morsels for his pains;

morsels - bocaditos; pizca, porción, gota

But being thirstiest at the moment, he

Preferr'd a draught from the fast-flowing veins:

draught - de barril; dama

Part was divided, part thrown in the sea,

And such things as the entrails and the brains

entrails - Trail

Regaled two sharks, who follow'd o'er the billow"

regaled - regalado; regio, real

sharks - tiburones; tiburón

The sailors ate the rest of poor Pedrillo.

The sailors ate him, all save three or four,

Who were not quite so fond of animal food;

animal food - alimento para animales

To these was added Juan, who, before

Refusing his own spaniel, hardly could

refusing - te niegas; negarse (a)

Feel now his appetite increased much more;

appetite - apetito, deseo, ganas

'Twas not to be expected that he should,

Even in extremity of their disaster,

extremity - extremidad

Dine with them on his pastor and his master.

'Twas better that he did not; for, in fact,

The consequence was awful in the extreme;

For they, who were most ravenous in the act,

ravenous - hambriento; famélico

Went raging mad"Lord! how they did blaspheme!

raging - enfurecido; rabia, furor

blaspheme - blasfemar

And foam and roll, with strange convulsions rack'd,

foam - espuma, espumar

convulsions - convulsiones; convulsión

Drinking salt water like a mountain-stream,

Tearing, and grinning, howling, screeching, swearing,

screeching - chillando; chirrido, rechinar, chirriar, estridular

And, with hyaena-laughter, died despairing.

hyaena - Hiena

despairing - desesperado; desesperar, desesperanzar, desesperación

Their numbers were much thinn'd by this infliction,

thinn - Delgado

infliction - inflicción

And all the rest were thin enough, Heaven knows;

And some of them had lost their recollection,

Happier than they who still perceived their woes;

But others ponder'd on a new dissection,

As if not warn'd sufficiently by those

Who had already perish'd, suffering madly,

For having used their appetites so sadly.

appetites - apetito, deseo, ganas

And next they thought upon the master's mate,

As fattest; but he saved himself, because,

Besides being much averse from such a fate,

averse - averso; opuesto

There were some other reasons: the first was,

He had been rather indisposed of late;

indisposed - Indisponer

And that which chiefly proved his saving clause

Was a small present made to him at Cadiz,

By general subscription of the ladies.

subscription - abono, suscripción

Of poor Pedrillo something still remain'd,

But was used sparingly,"some were afraid,

sparingly - con moderación; parsimoniosamente

And others still their appetites constrain'd,

constrain - restricción

Or but at times a little supper made;

supper - cenar; cena

All except Juan, who throughout abstain'd,

abstain - abstenerse, retener

Chewing a piece of bamboo and some lead:

chewing - masticar, mascar

bamboo - bambú

At length they caught two boobies and a noddy,

boobies - Teta

And then they left off eating the dead body.

And if Pedrillo's fate should shocking be,

Remember Ugolino condescends

condescends - condesciende; condescender

To eat the head of his arch-enemy

arch - arco; bóveda

The moment after he politely ends

His tale: if foes be food in hell, at sea

'Tis surely fair to dine upon our friends,

When shipwreck's short allowance grows too scanty,

shipwreck - pecio, naufragio, naufragar

allowance - permiso; paga

scanty - escaso, exiguo

Without being much more horrible than Dante.

more horrible - más horrible

Dante - Dante

And the same night there fell a shower of rain,

For which their mouths gaped, like the cracks of earth

When dried to summer dust; till taught by pain

Men really know not what good water 's worth;

If you had been in Turkey or in Spain,

turkey - pavo, chompipe

Or with a famish'd boat's-crew had your berth,

famish - Hambriento

Or in the desert heard the camel's bell,

camel - camello

You'd wish yourself where Truth is"in a well.

It pour'd down torrents, but they were no richer

torrents - orrentes; torrente

Until they found a ragged piece of sheet,

ragged - Desgarrado; (rag) Desgarrado

Which served them as a sort of spongy pitcher,

spongy - fofo, esponjoso

Pitcher - Cántaro

And when they deem'd its moisture was complete

They wrung it out, and though a thirsty ditcher

wrung - escurrido; torcer, retorcer

ditcher - Zanjadora

Might not have thought the scanty draught so sweet

As a full pot of porter, to their thinking

They ne'er till now had known the joys of drinking.

And their baked lips, with many a bloody crack,

bloody - Sangriento

Suck'd in the moisture, which like nectar stream'd;

nectar - néctar, néctar

Their throats were ovens, their swoln tongues were black,

As the rich man's in hell, who vainly scream'd

To beg the beggar, who could not rain back

beggar - mendigo, mendiga, pordiosero, mendicante

A drop of dew, when every drop had seem'd

To taste of heaven"If this be true, indeed

Some Christians have a comfortable creed.

There were two fathers in this ghastly crew,

ghastly - fantasmal, cadavérico, espantoso, horripilante, malísimo

And with them their two sons, of whom the one

Was more robust and hardy to the view,

robust - robusto

hardy - robusto, resistente

But he died early; and when he was gone,

His nearest messmate told his sire, who threw

messmate - companero; comensal

One glance at him, and said, 'Heaven's will be done!

glance - mirada; ojear, echar un vistazo, mirar, pispear, vistazo

I can do nothing,'and he saw him thrown

Into the deep without a tear or groan.

The other father had a weaklier child,

weaklier - débilmente

Of a soft cheek and aspect delicate;

delicate - delicado, delicado (1, 2)

But the boy bore up long, and with a mild

And patient spirit held aloof his fate;

Little he said, and now and then he smiled,

As if to win a part from off the weight

He saw increasing on his father's heart,

With the deep deadly thought that they must part.

And o'er him bent his sire, and never raised

His eyes from off his face, but wiped the foam

wiped - borrada; limpiar

From his pale lips, and ever on him gazed,

gazed - mirada; observar, mirar fijamente

And when the wish'd-for shower at length was come,

And the boy's eyes, which the dull film half glazed,

glazed - esmalte, frita, vidriado, veladura, barniz, glasé

Brighten'd, and for a moment seem'd to roam,

roam - vagar

He squeezed from out a rag some drops of rain

squeezed - exprimido; exprimir, apretar, apretujar, apuro, crisis, apretón

Into his dying child's mouth"but in vain.

The boy expired"the father held the clay,

expired - caducado; vencer, caducar

And look'd upon it long, and when at last

Death left no doubt, and the dead burthen lay

burthen - carga

Stiff on his heart, and pulse and hope were past,

pulse - pulso

He watch'd it wistfully, until away

wistfully - con nostalgia

'Twas borne by the rude wave wherein 'twas cast;

wherein - En qué

Then he himself sunk down all dumb and shivering,

sunk down - se hundió

And gave no sign of life, save his limbs quivering.

limbs - miembros; miembro

quivering - tiembla; estremecer(se)

Now overhead a rainbow, bursting through

overhead - sobrecarga; arriba, por encima de la cabeza; aéreo

bursting - reventar, romper, ráfaga, estallo, reventón

The scattering clouds, shone, spanning the dark sea,

spanning - abarcando; luz, palmo

Resting its bright base on the quivering blue;

And all within its arch appear'd to be

Clearer than that without, and its wide hue

Wax'd broad and waving, like a banner free,

banner - bandera, estandarte

Then changed like to a bow that 's bent, and then

Forsook the dim eyes of these shipwreck'd men.

forsook - renunció; abandonar

It changed, of course; a heavenly chameleon,

chameleon - camaleón

The airy child of vapour and the sun,

airy - aireado; airoso

Brought forth in purple, cradled in vermilion,

cradled - acunado; cuna, brezo, brezar, brizar

Baptized in molten gold, and swathed in dun,

baptized - bautizado; bautizar

swathed - envainada; envolver; vendar

Glittering like crescents o'er a Turk's pavilion,

crescents - crecientes; medialuna, creciente

Turk - turco, turca

pavilion - pabellón, pavillón

And blending every colour into one,

blending - mezcla; (blend); mezcla, mezclar, combinar

Just like a black eye in a recent scuffle

(For sometimes we must box without the muffle).

muffle - mufla

Our shipwreck'd seamen thought it a good omen"

omen - presagio

It is as well to think so, now and then;

'Twas an old custom of the Greek and Roman,

And may become of great advantage when

Folks are discouraged; and most surely no men

Had greater need to nerve themselves again

Than these, and so this rainbow look'd like hope"

Quite a celestial kaleidoscope.

kaleidoscope - caleidoscopio

About this time a beautiful white bird,

Webfooted, not unlike a dove in size

And plumage (probably it might have err'd

plumage - plumaje

Upon its course), pass'd oft before their eyes,

And tried to perch, although it saw and heard

perch - percha

The men within the boat, and in this guise

guise - guisa; apariencia, forma, aspecto

It came and went, and flutter'd round them till

flutter - leteo; ondear, aletear

Night fell: this seem'd a better omen still.

But in this case I also must remark,

'Twas well this bird of promise did not perch,

Because the tackle of our shatter'd bark

Was not so safe for roosting as a church;

roosting - posada; percha, gallinero

And had it been the dove from Noah's ark,

Returning there from her successful search,

Which in their way that moment chanced to fall,

They would have eat her, olive-branch and all.

olive - aceituna, oliva, olivo, verde oliva, aceitunado, verde aceituna

With twilight it again came on to blow,

But not with violence; the stars shone out,

The boat made way; yet now they were so low,

They knew not where nor what they were about;

Some fancied they saw land, and some said 'No!'

The frequent fog-banks gave them cause to doubt"

Fog - niebla

Some swore that they heard breakers, others guns,

And all mistook about the latter once.

As morning broke, the light wind died away,

When he who had the watch sung out and swore,

If 'twas not land that rose with the sun's ray,

ray - rayo

He wish'd that land he never might see more;

And the rest rubb'd their eyes and saw a bay,

rubb - Frotar

Or thought they saw, and shaped their course for shore;

For shore it was, and gradually grew

Distinct, and high, and palpable to view.

palpable - palpable

And then of these some part burst into tears,

burst - reventar, romper, ráfaga, estallo, reventón

And others, looking with a stupid stare,

Could not yet separate their hopes from fears,

And seem'd as if they had no further care;

While a few pray'd (the first time for some years)"

And at the bottom of the boat three were

Asleep: they shook them by the hand and head,

And tried to awaken them, but found them dead.

The day before, fast sleeping on the water,

They found a turtle of the hawk's-bill kind,

Turtle - tortuga marina

And by good fortune, gliding softly, caught her,

softly - suavemente, inaudiblemente, silenciosamente

Which yielded a day's life, and to their mind

yielded - cedido; ceder

Proved even still a more nutritious matter,

more nutritious - más nutritivo

Because it left encouragement behind:

encouragement - aliento; apoyo

They thought that in such perils, more than chance

perils - peligros; peligro, riesgo

Had sent them this for their deliverance.

deliverance - entrega, salvación, liberación

The land appear'd a high and rocky coast,

And higher grew the mountains as they drew,

Set by a current, toward it: they were lost

toward - hacia, sobre, para

In various conjectures, for none knew

conjectures - onjeturas; conjetura, suposición, especulación, teoría

To what part of the earth they had been tost,

tost - tostar; tiro, lanzamiento, lanzar una moneda al aire

So changeable had been the winds that blew;

changeable - cambiable, cambiante, variable

Some thought it was Mount AEtna, some the highlands,

highlands - las tierras altas; tierras altas

Of Candia, Cyprus, Rhodes, or other islands.

Cyprus - Chipre

Meantime the current, with a rising gale,

Still set them onwards to the welcome shore,

onwards - en adelante; hacia adelante, para adelante

Like Charon's bark of spectres, dull and pale:

Charon - Caronte

spectres - espectros; espectro, fantasma

Their living freight was now reduced to four,

freight - carga, mercancías

And three dead, whom their strength could not avail

avail - aprovechar, servir

To heave into the deep with those before,

Though the two sharks still follow'd them, and dash'd

The spray into their faces as they splash'd.

Famine, despair, cold, thirst, and heat, had done

Their work on them by turns, and thinn'd them to

Such things a mother had not known her son

Amidst the skeletons of that gaunt crew;

amidst - en medio de; en medio

skeletons - esqueletos; esqueleto

gaunt - enjuto; demacrado, chupado, macilento

By night chill'd, by day scorch'd, thus one by one

chill - relajarme; frío

They perish'd, until wither'd to these few,

wither - marchitar(se)

But chiefly by a species of self-slaughter,

In washing down Pedrillo with salt water.

As they drew nigh the land, which now was seen

nigh - cerca, cabe, cercano

Unequal in its aspect here and there,

unequal - desigual

They felt the freshness of its growing green,

That waved in forest-tops, and smooth'd the air,

And fell upon their glazed eyes like a screen

From glistening waves, and skies so hot and bare"

glistening - resplandeciente; relucir, rielar

bare - desnudo, descubierto

Lovely seem'd any object that should sweep

Away the vast, salt, dread, eternal deep.

eternal - eterno, eternal

The shore look'd wild, without a trace of man,

And girt by formidable waves; but they

girt - Cinturón; (gird) Cinturón

Were mad for land, and thus their course they ran,

Though right ahead the roaring breakers lay:

A reef between them also now began

reef - arrecife

To show its boiling surf and bounding spray,

surf - marea, oleaje, surfear, navegar

But finding no place for their landing better,

They ran the boat for shore,"and overset her.

overset - Sobrepasado

But in his native stream, the Guadalquivir,

Juan to lave his youthful limbs was wont;

youthful - juvenil, joven

wont - no

And having learnt to swim in that sweet river,

Had often turn'd the art to some account:

A better swimmer you could scarce see ever,

He could, perhaps, have pass'd the Hellespont,

Hellespont - el helesponto; Helesponto

As once (a feat on which ourselves we prided)

feat - hazana, proeza

Leander, Mr. Ekenhead, and I did.

So here, though faint, emaciated, and stark,

emaciated - demacrado; demacrar, emaciar, demacrarse, emaciarse

Stark - escueto, crudo, duro

He buoy'd his boyish limbs, and strove to ply

buoy - boya

ply - ejercer

With the quick wave, and gain, ere it was dark,

The beach which lay before him, high and dry:

The greatest danger here was from a shark,

That carried off his neighbour by the thigh;

carried off - se lo han llevado

thigh - muslo, muslamen

As for the other two, they could not swim,

So nobody arrived on shore but him.

Nor yet had he arrived but for the oar,

Which, providentially for him, was wash'd

providentially - rovidencialmente

Just as his feeble arms could strike no more,

And the hard wave o'erwhelm'd him as 'twas dash'd

Within his grasp; he clung to it, and sore

clung - aferrado; engancharse, adherirse

The waters beat while he thereto was lash'd;

thereto - a ello; al respecto

At last, with swimming, wading, scrambling, he

wading - Vadeando; (wad) Vadeando

Roll'd on the beach, half-senseless, from the sea:

There, breathless, with his digging nails he clung

Fast to the sand, lest the returning wave,

From whose reluctant roar his life he wrung,

reluctant - renuente, reacio, reluctante, reticente

Should suck him back to her insatiate grave:

insatiate - Insaciable

And there he lay, full length, where he was flung,

flung - arrojado; arrojar, lanzar

Before the entrance of a cliff-worn cave,

With just enough of life to feel its pain,

And deem that it was saved, perhaps in vain.

With slow and staggering effort he arose,

But sunk again upon his bleeding knee

bleeding - sangrado, hemorragia; (bleed); sangrar, desangrar, purgar

And quivering hand; and then he look'd for those

Who long had been his mates upon the sea;

But none of them appear'd to share his woes,

Save one, a corpse, from out the famish'd three,

corpse - cuerpo, cadáver

Who died two days before, and now had found

An unknown barren beach for burial ground.

barren - yermo; estéril, infértil

burial ground - un cementerio

And as he gazed, his dizzy brain spun fast,

dizzy - mareado

spun - hilado; hacer girar

And down he sunk; and as he sunk, the sand

Swam round and round, and all his senses pass'd:

He fell upon his side, and his stretch'd hand

Droop'd dripping on the oar (their jurymast),

dripping - goteo; chorreo; (drip) goteo; chorreo

And, like a wither'd lily, on the land

Lily - azucena, lirio

His slender frame and pallid aspect lay,

pallid - pálido

As fair a thing as e'er was form'd of clay.

How long in his damp trance young Juan lay

He knew not, for the earth was gone for him,

And Time had nothing more of night nor day

For his congealing blood, and senses dim;

congealing - congelación; congelar, coagular

And how this heavy faintness pass'd away

He knew not, till each painful pulse and limb,

limb - miembro

And tingling vein, seem'd throbbing back to life,

tingling - hormigueo; (tingle); hormigueo

throbbing - palpitaciones; (throb); palpitar

For Death, though vanquish'd, still retired with strife.

vanquish - vencer

His eyes he open'd, shut, again unclosed,

unclosed - Descubrir

For all was doubt and dizziness; he thought

dizziness - mareos; mareo, vértigo

He still was in the boat and had but dozed,

dozed - dormido; dormitar

And felt again with his despair o'erwrought,

And wish'd it death in which he had reposed;

reposed - reposado; reposo

And then once more his feelings back were brought,

And slowly by his swimming eyes was seen

A lovely female face of seventeen.

'Twas bending dose o'er his, and the small mouth

dose - dosis

Seem'd almost prying into his for breath;

And chafing him, the soft warm hand of youth

chafing - rozaduras; calor friccional, escocimiento, irritación, cocedura

Recall'd his answering spirits back from death;

And, bathing his chill temples, tried to soothe

soothe - calmar, serenar, aliviar, aliviarse, descansar

Each pulse to animation, till beneath

Its gentle touch and trembling care, a sigh

To these kind efforts made a low reply.

Then was the cordial pour'd, and mantle flung

cordial - cordial

mantle - manto, camisa

Around his scarce-clad limbs; and the fair arm

Raised higher the faint head which o'er it hung;

And her transparent cheek, all pure and warm,

Pillow'd his death-like forehead; then she wrung

forehead - la frente; frente

His dewy curls, long drench'd by every storm;

drench - empapar

And watch'd with eagerness each throb that drew

eagerness - avidez, ansia

A sigh from his heaved bosom"and hers, too.

heaved - pesado; ondular

And lifting him with care into the cave,

The gentle girl and her attendant,"one

attendant - asistente, guarda, concomitante, inherente

Young, yet her elder, and of brow less grave,

And more robust of figure,"then begun

To kindle fire, and as the new flames gave

kindle - indle; encender

Light to the rocks that roof'd them, which the sun

Had never seen, the maid, or whatsoe'er

She was, appear'd distinct, and tall, and fair.

Her brow was overhung with coins of gold,

overhung - en voladizo; protuberancia

That sparkled o'er the auburn of her hair"

sparkled - brillaba; centelleo, destello

Auburn - castano, bermejo

Her clustering hair, whose longer locks were roll'd

clustering - amontonamiento, agrupamiento, aglomeración, racimo, cúmulo

In braids behind; and though her stature were

braids - trenzas; trenzar

Even of the highest for a female mould,

mould - moho; mantillo

They nearly reach'd her heel; and in her air

There was a something which bespoke command,

As one who was a lady in the land.

Her hair, I said, was auburn; but her eyes

Were black as death, their lashes the same hue,

lashes - pestanas; pestana

Of downcast length, in whose silk shadow lies

Deepest attraction; for when to the view

Forth from its raven fringe the full glance flies,

raven - cuervo

fringe - flecos; orla, extremista, radical, periferia, marginal, orlar

Ne'er with such force the swiftest arrow flew;

swiftest - más rápido; rápido, veloz, célere, pronto

'Tis as the snake late coil'd, who pours his length,

coil - bobina; enroscarse

And hurls at once his venom and his strength.

hurls - lanzas; arrojar, lanzar, tirar, proyectar, volver

venom - veneno, malicia

Her brow was white and low, her cheek's pure dye

dye - tinte; tenir

Like twilight rosy still with the set sun;

rosy - Rosa

Short upper lip"sweet lips! that make us sigh

Ever to have seen such; for she was one

Fit for the model of a statuary

(A race of mere impostors, when all 's done"

impostors - impostores; impostor, impostora

I've seen much finer women, ripe and real,

ripe - maduro

Than all the nonsense of their stone ideal).

I'll tell you why I say so, for 'tis just

One should not rail without a decent cause:

There was an Irish lady, to whose bust

I ne'er saw justice done, and yet she was

A frequent model; and if e'er she must

Yield to stern Time and Nature's wrinkling laws,

wrinkling - se arruga; arruga

They will destroy a face which mortal thought

Ne'er compass'd, nor less mortal chisel wrought.

chisel - cincel

And such was she, the lady of the cave:

Her dress was very different from the Spanish,

Simpler, and yet of colours not so grave;

For, as you know, the Spanish women banish

banish - desterrar

Bright hues when out of doors, and yet, while wave

hues - atices; color; matiz

Around them (what I hope will never vanish)

vanish - desvanecerse, desaparecer, anularse

The basquina and the mantilla, they

mantilla - mantilla

Seem at the same time mystical and gay.

mystical - místico

But with our damsel this was not the case:

damsel - damasel; doncella, muchacha

Her dress was many-colour'd, finely spun;

finely - Finamente

Her locks curl'd negligently round her face,

negligently - con negligencia; negligentemente

But through them gold and gems profusely shone:

gems - gemas; joya, alhaja, piedra preciosa, gema

Her girdle sparkled, and the richest lace

girdle - faja; cinto

Flow'd in her veil, and many a precious stone

precious stone - una piedra preciosa

Flash'd on her little hand; but, what was shocking,

Her small snow feet had slippers, but no stocking.

The other female's dress was not unlike,

But of inferior materials: she

inferior - inferior

Had not so many ornaments to strike,

ornaments - dornos; ornamento, ornamento musical

Her hair had silver only, bound to be

Her dowry; and her veil, in form alike,

dowry - dote

alike - igual, semejante, parecido, igualmente

Was coarser; and her air, though firm, less free;

coarser - más grueso; tosco, rústico, rudo, bruto

Her hair was thicker, but less long; her eyes

As black, but quicker, and of smaller size.

And these two tended him, and cheer'd him both

With food and raiment, and those soft attentions,

raiment - Ropa

Which are (as I must own) of female growth,

And have ten thousand delicate inventions:

They made a most superior mess of broth,

superior - superior, superior

broth - caldo

A thing which poesy but seldom mentions,

seldom - raramente, rara vez

But the best dish that e'er was cook'd since Homer's

Achilles ordered dinner for new comers.

Achilles - Aquiles

I'll tell you who they were, this female pair,

Lest they should seem princesses in disguise;

Besides, I hate all mystery, and that air

Of clap-trap which your recent poets prize;

And so, in short, the girls they really were

They shall appear before your curious eyes,

Mistress and maid; the first was only daughter

Of an old man who lived upon the water.

A fisherman he had been in his youth,

fisherman - pescador, pescadora

And still a sort of fisherman was he;

But other speculations were, in sooth,

Added to his connection with the sea,

Perhaps not so respectable, in truth:

respectable - respetable

A little smuggling, and some piracy,

smuggling - contrabando; (smuggle); contrabandear, pasar de contrabando

piracy - piratería, secuestro, falsificación

Left him, at last, the sole of many masters

Of an ill-gotten million of piastres.

gotten - Conseguido

piastres - piastras; piastra

A fisher, therefore, was he,"though of men,

Like Peter the Apostle,"and he fish'd

Peter - Pedro, Pedro

apostle - apóstol

For wandering merchant-vessels, now and then,

merchant-vessels - buque mercante

And sometimes caught as many as he wish'd;

The cargoes he confiscated, and gain

cargoes - cargas; carga

confiscated - confiscado; decomisar, confiscar

He sought in the slave-market too, and dish'd

Full many a morsel for that Turkish trade,

morsel - un bocado; pizca, porción, gota

Turkish - turco

By which, no doubt, a good deal may be made.

He was a Greek, and on his isle had built

Isle - isla

(One of the wild and smaller Cyclades)

Cyclades - Cícladas

A very handsome house from out his guilt,

And there he lived exceedingly at ease;

Heaven knows what cash he got or blood he spilt,

A sad old fellow was he, if you please;

But this I know, it was a spacious building,

spacious - espacioso, desahogado, amplio

Full of barbaric carving, paint, and gilding.

barbaric - barbárico, bárbaro

carving - tallar; tallado, escultura; (carve); cortar, trinchar, tallar

He had an only daughter, call'd Haidee,

The greatest heiress of the Eastern Isles;

heiress - heredera

Isles - islas; isla

Besides, so very beautiful was she,

Her dowry was as nothing to her smiles:

Still in her teens, and like a lovely tree

She grew to womanhood, and between whiles

womanhood - mujer; feminidad

Rejected several suitors, just to learn

How to accept a better in his turn.

And walking out upon the beach, below

The cliff, towards sunset, on that day she found,

Insensible,"not dead, but nearly so,"

Don Juan, almost famish'd, and half drown'd;

drown - ahogarse

But being naked, she was shock'd, you know,

Yet deem'd herself in common pity bound,

As far as in her lay, 'to take him in,

A stranger'dying, with so white a skin.

But taking him into her father's house

Was not exactly the best way to save,

But like conveying to the cat the mouse,

Or people in a trance into their grave;

Because the good old man had so much 'nous,'

Unlike the honest Arab thieves so brave,

He would have hospitably cured the stranger,

hospitably - hospitalariamente

And sold him instantly when out of danger.

And therefore, with her maid, she thought it best

(A virgin always on her maid relies)

To place him in the cave for present rest:

And when, at last, he open'd his black eyes,

Their charity increased about their guest;

And their compassion grew to such a size,

compassion - compasión, conmiseración

It open'd half the turnpike-gates to heaven

(St. Paul says, 'tis the toll which must be given).

Paul - Pablo

Toll - peaje; taner, doblar

They made a fire,"but such a fire as they

Upon the moment could contrive with such

contrive - inventar; idear, improvisar

Materials as were cast up round the bay,"

Some broken planks, and oars, that to the touch

planks - placas; tablón, artículo, entablar

oars - remos; remo

Were nearly tinder, since so long they lay

tinder - yesca

A mast was almost crumbled to a crutch;

crumbled - se desmoronó; desmigajarse, desmoronarse, desmenuzarse, crumble

crutch - muleta, apoyo, soporte

But, by God's grace, here wrecks were in such plenty,

That there was fuel to have furnish'd twenty.

furnish - amoblar, amueblar, suministrar, proporcionar, dotar

He had a bed of furs, and a pelisse,

For Haidee stripped her sables off to make

stripped - despojado; quitar, desprender; arrancar; despojar

sables - sables; cebellina, marta cibelina, marta, sable

His couch; and, that he might be more at ease,

couch - un sofá; sofá, canapé

And warm, in case by chance he should awake,

They also gave a petticoat apiece,

apiece - cada uno

She and her maid"and promised by daybreak

daybreak - amanecer

To pay him a fresh visit, with a dish

For breakfast, of eggs, coffee, bread, and fish.

And thus they left him to his lone repose:

Lone - solitario; solo

Juan slept like a top, or like the dead,

Who sleep at last, perhaps (God only knows),

Just for the present; and in his lull'd head

Not even a vision of his former woes

Throbb'd in accursed dreams, which sometimes spread

accursed - exacto

Unwelcome visions of our former years,

unwelcome - no es bienvenido; embarazoso, inoportuno, molesto

Till the eye, cheated, opens thick with tears.

Young Juan slept all dreamless:"but the maid,

dreamless - Sin suenos

Who smooth'd his pillow, as she left the den

den - guarida

Look'd back upon him, and a moment stay'd,

And turn'd, believing that he call'd again.

He slumber'd; yet she thought, at least she said

(The heart will slip, even as the tongue and pen),

He had pronounced her name"but she forgot

That at this moment Juan knew it not.

And pensive to her father's house she went,

Enjoining silence strict to Zoe, who

enjoining - ordenando; imponer, ordenar, mandar, prohibir

Better than her knew what, in fact, she meant,

She being wiser by a year or two:

A year or two 's an age when rightly spent,

rightly - verdad

And Zoe spent hers, as most women do,

In gaining all that useful sort of knowledge

Which is acquired in Nature's good old college.

The morn broke, and found Juan slumbering still

slumbering - dormir; (slumber); adormecimiento, adormilamiento, adormecer

Fast in his cave, and nothing clash'd upon

clash - chocar; estruendo, escaramuza

His rest; the rushing of the neighbouring rill,

rill - arroyito

And the young beams of the excluded sun,

beams - vigas; viga, timón, radio

Troubled him not, and he might sleep his fill;

And need he had of slumber yet, for none

Had suffer'd more"his hardships were comparative

hardships - dificultades; sufrimientos, apuro, penalidades

To those related in my grand-dad's 'Narrative.'

Not so Haidee: she sadly toss'd and tumbled,

toss - tiro, lanzamiento, lanzar una moneda al aire, echar un volado

tumbled - tumbado; caída, caer, revolverse

And started from her sleep, and, turning o'er

Dream'd of a thousand wrecks, o'er which she stumbled,

And handsome corpses strew'd upon the shore;

strew - estirar; esparcir

And woke her maid so early that she grumbled,

grumbled - refunfunó; refunfunar, rezongar

And call'd her father's old slaves up, who swore

In several oaths"Armenian, Turk, and Greek"

Armenian - armenio, armenio, armenia

They knew not what to think of such a freak.

freak - monstruo; fenómeno

But up she got, and up she made them get,

With some pretence about the sun, that makes

Sweet skies just when he rises, or is set;

And 'tis, no doubt, a sight to see when breaks

Bright Phoebus, while the mountains still are wet

Phoebus - Foebus

With mist, and every bird with him awakes,

mist - niebla; neblina

awakes - se despierta; despertar(se)

And night is flung off like a mourning suit

mourning - duelo, luto; (mourn); lamentar, estar de luto

Worn for a husband,"or some other brute.

brute - bruto; animal, bestia

I say, the sun is a most glorious sight,

most glorious - el más glorioso

I've seen him rise full oft, indeed of late

I have sat up on purpose all the night,

Which hastens, as physicians say, one's fate;

Hastens - se precipita; correr, acelerar, precipitar, anticipar, adelantar

And so all ye, who would be in the right

In health and purse, begin your day to date

From daybreak, and when coffin'd at fourscore,

fourscore - cuatro; ochenta

Engrave upon the plate, you rose at four.

Engrave - grabar

And Haidee met the morning face to face;

Her own was freshest, though a feverish flush

feverish - fiebre; febril

flush - lanzar; rubor

Had dyed it with the headlong blood, whose race

dyed - tenido; tenir

headlong - de cabeza

From heart to cheek is curb'd into a blush,

Like to a torrent which a mountain's base,

torrent - torrente

That overpowers some Alpine river's rush,

overpowers - poderoso; dominar, vencer, panish: t-needed

Alpine - panish: t-needed

Checks to a lake, whose waves in circles spread;

Or the Red Sea"but the sea is not red.

And down the cliff the island virgin came,

And near the cave her quick light footsteps drew,

While the sun smiled on her with his first flame,

And young Aurora kiss'd her lips with dew,

aurora - aurora

Taking her for a sister; just the same

Mistake you would have made on seeing the two,

Although the mortal, quite as fresh and fair,

Had all the advantage, too, of not being air.

And when into the cavern Haidee stepp'd

All timidly, yet rapidly, she saw

timidly - tímidamente

That like an infant Juan sweetly slept;

infant - nino; nene, infante

sweetly - dulcemente, abemoladamente

And then she stopp'd, and stood as if in awe

stopp - Parar

awe - pavor, temor, medrosía, asombro, asombrar, abrumar

(For sleep is awful), and on tiptoe crept

on tiptoe - de puntillas

And wrapt him closer, lest the air, too raw,

Should reach his blood, then o'er him still as death

Bent with hush'd lips, that drank his scarce-drawn breath.

And thus like to an angel o'er the dying

Who die in righteousness, she lean'd; and there

righteousness - justicia; rectitud, moralidad, buena obra; rectitud, gracia

All tranquilly the shipwreck'd boy was lying,

tranquilly - Tranquilamente

As o'er him the calm and stirless air:

stirless - Sin revolver

But Zoe the meantime some eggs was frying,

Since, after all, no doubt the youthful pair

Must breakfast"and betimes, lest they should ask it,

She drew out her provision from the basket.

She knew that the best feelings must have victual,

And that a shipwreck'd youth would hungry be;

Besides, being less in love, she yawn'd a little,

And felt her veins chill'd by the neighbouring sea;

And so, she cook'd their breakfast to a tittle;

tittle - título

I can't say that she gave them any tea,

But there were eggs, fruit, coffee, bread, fish, honey,

With Scio wine,"and all for love, not money.

And Zoe, when the eggs were ready, and

The coffee made, would fain have waken'd Juan;

waken - Despertar

But Haidee stopp'd her with her quick small hand,

And without word, a sign her finger drew on

Her lip, which Zoe needs must understand;

And, the first breakfast spoilt, prepared a new one,

Because her mistress would not let her break

That sleep which seem'd as it would ne'er awake.

For still he lay, and on his thin worn cheek

A purple hectic play'd like dying day

hectic - agitado; ajetreado, febril, agobiante, frenético

On the snow-tops of distant hills; the streak

streak - raya, trazo, sarta, racha, ristra

Of sufferance yet upon his forehead lay,

sufferance - Sufrimiento

Where the blue veins look'd shadowy, shrunk, and weak;

shadowy - sombra; sombroso, sombreado, sombrío, umbroso

And his black curls were dewy with the spray,

Which weigh'd upon them yet, all damp and salt,

Mix'd with the stony vapours of the vault.

vapours - vapores; vapor

vault - bóveda; sótano; bodega

And she bent o'er him, and he lay beneath,

Hush'd as the babe upon its mother's breast,

Droop'd as the willow when no winds can breathe,

willow - sauce, mimbrera, sauz

Lull'd like the depth of ocean when at rest,

Fair as the crowning rose of the whole wreath,

crowning - Coronación; (crown) Coronación

wreath - guirnalda, corona, burelete, rodear

Soft as the callow cygnet in its nest;

callow - inmaduro, inmadura, verde

cygnet - pollo (de cisne)

In short, he was a very pretty fellow,

Although his woes had turn'd him rather yellow.

He woke and gazed, and would have slept again,

But the fair face which met his eyes forbade

Those eyes to close, though weariness and pain

Had further sleep a further pleasure made;

For woman's face was never form'd in vain

For Juan, so that even when he pray'd

He turn'd from grisly saints, and martyrs hairy,

grisly - horripilante, espeluznante

martyrs - mártires; mártir, martirizar

hairy - peludo, velludo, lanudo

To the sweet portraits of the Virgin Mary.

And thus upon his elbow he arose,

And look'd upon the lady, in whose cheek

The pale contended with the purple rose,

contended - ontendió; contender, sostener

As with an effort she began to speak;

Her eyes were eloquent, her words would pose,

eloquent - elocuente

Although she told him, in good modern Greek,

With an Ionian accent, low and sweet,

Ionian - jónico

That he was faint, and must not talk, but eat.

Now Juan could not understand a word,

Being no Grecian; but he had an ear,

Grecian - Griego

And her voice was the warble of a bird,

warble - trinar, gorjear

So soft, so sweet, so delicately clear,

delicately - con delicadeza; delicadamente

That finer, simpler music ne'er was heard;

The sort of sound we echo with a tear,

Echo - eco, repercutir, repetir, hacer eco

Without knowing why"an overpowering tone,

overpowering - sobrecogedor; dominar, vencer, panish: t-needed

Whence Melody descends as from a throne.

whence - de dónde; de donde, desde donde, de ahí

melody - melodía

Descends - desciende; descender, bajar

throne - trono

And Juan gazed as one who is awoke

By a distant organ, doubting if he be

Not yet a dreamer, till the spell is broke

dreamer - sonador; sonador, sonadora, visionario, visionaria

By the watchman, or some such reality,

watchman - vigilante; guardián, celador, guarda, vigía

Or by one's early valet's cursed knock;

At least it is a heavy sound to me,

Who like a morning slumber"for the night

Shows stars and women in a better light.

And Juan, too, was help'd out from his dream,

Or sleep, or whatso'er it was, by feeling

whatso - Qué

A most prodigious appetite: the steam

Of Zoe's cookery no doubt was stealing

cookery - Cocina

Upon his senses, and the kindling beam

kindling - lena; astillas; (kindle) lena; astillas

Of the new fire, which Zoe kept up, kneeling

kneeling - De rodillas; (kneel); arrodillarse

To stir her viands, made him quite awake

stir - remover, revolver

And long for food, but chiefly a beef-steak.

But beef is rare within these oxless isles;

oxless - sin bueyes

Goat's flesh there is, no doubt, and kid, and mutton;

goat - cabra, chivo, libidinoso, libidinosa

And, when a holiday upon them smiles,

A joint upon their barbarous spits they put on:

spits - Escupir

But this occurs but seldom, between whiles,

For some of these are rocks with scarce a hut on;

hut - cabana

Others are fair and fertile, among which

fertile - fértil, feraz

This, though not large, was one of the most rich.

I say that beef is rare, and can't help thinking

That the old fable of the Minotaur"

Minotaur - minotauro

From which our modern morals rightly shrinking

shrinking - ncogiendo; contraerse, encogerse, achicarse, mermar

Condemn the royal lady's taste who wore

A cow's shape for a mask"was only (sinking

The allegory) a mere type, no more,

allegory - una alegoría; alegoría

That Pasiphae promoted breeding cattle,

Pasiphae - Pasífae

breeding cattle - Ganado de cría

To make the Cretans bloodier in battle.

Cretans - cretenses; cretense

bloodier - Sangriento

For we all know that English people are

Fed upon beef"I won't say much of beer,

Because 'tis liquor only, and being far

From this my subject, has no business here;

We know, too, they very fond of war,

A pleasure"like all pleasures"rather dear;

So were the Cretans"from which I infer

That beef and battles both were owing to her.

But to resume. The languid Juan raised

resume - resumen; reanudar

His head upon his elbow, and he saw

A sight on which he had not lately gazed,

As all his latter meals had been quite raw,

Three or four things, for which the Lord he praised,

And, feeling still the famish'd vulture gnaw,

He fell upon whate'er was offer'd, like

A priest, a shark, an alderman, or pike.

alderman - concejal, regidor

Pike - lucio

He ate, and he was well supplied: and she,

Who watch'd him like a mother, would have fed

Him past all bounds, because she smiled to see

Such appetite in one she had deem'd dead;

But Zoe, being older than Haidee,

Knew (by tradition, for she ne'er had read)

That famish'd people must be slowly nurst,

And fed by spoonfuls, else they always burst.

And so she took the liberty to state,

Rather by deeds than words, because the case

deeds - hechos; hecho, acto, acción, obra, hazana

Was urgent, that the gentleman, whose fate

Had made her mistress quit her bed to trace

The sea-shore at this hour, must leave his plate,

sea-shore - (sea-shore) orilla del mar

Unless he wish'd to die upon the place"

She snatch'd it, and refused another morsel,

snatch - robar; agarrar, arrebatar, arrancada, arranque

Saying, he had gorged enough to make a horse ill.

gorged - atiborrado; desfiladero; barranco

Next they"he being naked, save a tatter'd

tatter - Jirones

Pair of scarce decent trowsers"went to work,

And in the fire his recent rags they scatter'd,

And dress'd him, for the present, like a Turk,

Or Greek"that is, although it not much matter'd,

Omitting turban, slippers, pistols, dirk,"

omitting - omitir, dejar de lado, dejarse en el tintero

turban - turbante

They furnish'd him, entire, except some stitches,

stitches - puntos; puntada

With a clean shirt, and very spacious breeches.

breeches - calzones; culata

And then fair Haidee tried her tongue at speaking,

But not a word could Juan comprehend,

comprehend - comprender

Although he listen'd so that the young Greek in

Her earnestness would ne'er have made an end;

earnestness - seriedad

And, as he interrupted not, went eking

eking - golpeando; hacer alcanzar, racionar

Her speech out to her protege and friend,

protege - protegido

Till pausing at the last her breath to take,

She saw he did not understand Romaic.

And then she had recourse to nods, and signs,

nods - asiente; asentir, cabecear, cabezada

And smiles, and sparkles of the speaking eye,

sparkles - chispas; centelleo, destello

And read (the only book she could) the lines

Of his fair face, and found, by sympathy,

The answer eloquent, where soul shines

And darts in one quick glance a long reply;

darts - dardos; dardo, flechilla

And thus in every look she saw exprest

A world of words, and things at which she guess'd.

And now, by dint of fingers and of eyes,

And words repeated after her, he took

A lesson in her tongue; but by surmise,

No doubt, less of her language than her look:

As he who studies fervently the skies

fervently - con fervor; fervientemente, fervorosamente

Turns oftener to the stars than to his book,

Thus Juan learn'd his alpha beta better

Alpha - alfa

beta - beta

From Haidee's glance than any graven letter.

graven - grabado; tumba

'Tis pleasing to be school'd in a strange tongue

By female lips and eyes"that is, I mean,

When both the teacher and the taught are young,

As was the case, at least, where I have been;

They smile so when one 's right, and when one 's wrong

They smile still more, and then there intervene

intervene - intervenir, involucrarse, interceder, meterse

Pressure of hands, perhaps even a chaste kiss;"

I learn'd the little that I know by this:

That is, some words of Spanish, Turk, and Greek,

Italian not at all, having no teachers;

Much English I cannot pretend to speak,

Learning that language chiefly from its preachers,

preachers - predicadores; predicador

Barrow, South, Tillotson, whom every week

barrow - túmulo; carretilla

I study, also Blair, the highest reachers

reachers - Alcanzador

Of eloquence in piety and prose"

piety - piedad

I hate your poets, so read none of those.

As for the ladies, I have nought to say,

A wanderer from the British world of fashion,

wanderer - vagabundo, nómada

Where I, like other 'dogs, have had my day,'

Like other men, too, may have had my passion"

But that, like other things, has pass'd away,

And all her fools whom I could lay the lash on:

Foes, friends, men, women, now are nought to me

But dreams of what has been, no more to be.

Return we to Don Juan. He begun

To hear new words, and to repeat them; but

Some feelings, universal as the sun,

Were such as could not in his breast be shut

More than within the bosom of a nun:

nun - monja, religiosa

He was in love,"as you would be, no doubt,

With a young benefactress,"so was she,

Just in the way we very often see.

And every day by daybreak"rather early

For Juan, who was somewhat fond of rest"

She came into the cave, but it was merely

To see her bird reposing in his nest;

reposing - reposando; reposo

And she would softly stir his locks so curly,

Without disturbing her yet slumbering guest,

Breathing all gently o'er his cheek and mouth,

As o'er a bed of roses the sweet south.

roses - rosas; Rosa

And every morn his colour freshlier came,

And every day help'd on his convalescence;

'Twas well, because health in the human frame

Is pleasant, besides being true love's essence,

essence - esencia, extracto

For health and idleness to passion's flame

idleness - ociosidad; inactividad, holganza, indolencia

Are oil and gunpowder; and some good lessons

gunpowder - Pólvora

Are also learnt from Ceres and from Bacchus,

learnt from - Aprender de alguien

Ceres - Ceres; (cere); Ceres

Bacchus - Baco

Without whom Venus will not long attack us.

While Venus fills the heart (without heart really

Love, though good always, is not quite so good),

Ceres presents a plate of vermicelli,"

vermicelli - vermicelli

For love must be sustain'd like flesh and blood,"

sustain - sostener, sustentar

While Bacchus pours out wine, or hands a jelly:

pours out - se derrama

jelly - jalea; gelatina

Eggs, oysters, too, are amatory food;

Oysters - ostras; ostra, ostra, tumba

amatory - amatorio

But who is their purveyor from above

purveyor - Proveedor

Heaven knows,"it may be Neptune, Pan, or Jove.

Neptune - Neptuno

When Juan woke he found some good things ready,

A bath, a breakfast, and the finest eyes

That ever made a youthful heart less steady,

Besides her maid's as pretty for their size;

But I have spoken of all this already"

And repetition 's tiresome and unwise,"

repetition - repetición

Well"Juan, after bathing in the sea,

Came always back to coffee and Haidee.

Both were so young, and one so innocent,

That bathing pass'd for nothing; Juan seem'd

To her, as 'twere, the kind of being sent,

Of whom these two years she had nightly dream'd,

nightly - Cada noche

A something to be loved, a creature meant

To be her happiness, and whom she deem'd

To render happy; all who joy would win

Must share it,"Happiness was born a twin.

It was such pleasure to behold him, such

behold - contemplar, mirar, observar, he aquí, mirad

Enlargement of existence to partake

enlargement - agrandamiento, ampliación

partake - participar

Nature with him, to thrill beneath his touch,

thrill - emoción; excitar; emocionar, conmover

To watch him slumbering, and to see him wake:

To live with him forever were too much;

But then the thought of parting made her quake;

He was her own, her ocean-treasure, cast

Like a rich wreck"her first love, and her last.

And thus a moon roll'd on, and fair Haidee

Paid daily visits to her boy, and took

Such plentiful precautions, that still he

plentiful - abundante

precautions - precauciones; precaución

Remain'd unknown within his craggy nook;

craggy - escarpado

nook - rincón, recoveco

At last her father's prows put out to sea

prows - prows; proa

For certain merchantmen upon the look,

merchantmen - comerciante

Not as of yore to carry off an Io,

carry off - conseguir

Io - Ío

But three Ragusan vessels, bound for Scio.

vessels - vasos; embarcación, barco, casco, recipiente, receptáculo

Then came her freedom, for she had no mother,

So that, her father being at sea, she was

Free as a married woman, or such other

Female, as where she likes may freely pass,

Without even the incumbrance of a brother,

incumbrance - incumbencia

The freest she that ever gazed on glass;

I speak of Christian lands in this comparison,

Where wives, at least, are seldom kept in garrison.

Now she prolong'd her visits and her talk

prolong - prolongar

(For they must talk), and he had learnt to say

So much as to propose to take a walk,"

For little had he wander'd since the day

On which, like a young flower snapp'd from the stalk,

snapp - Golpear

stalk - acechar; tallo

Drooping and dewy on the beach he lay,"

And thus they walk'd out in the afternoon,

And saw the sun set opposite the moon.

It was a wild and breaker-beaten coast,

With cliffs above, and a broad sandy shore,

Sandy - arenoso

Guarded by shoals and rocks as by an host,

With here and there a creek, whose aspect wore

Creek - caleta, arroyo, riachuelo

A better welcome to the tempest-tost;

And rarely ceased the haughty billow's roar,

haughty - soberbio, altanero

Save on the dead long summer days, which make

The outstretch'd ocean glitter like a lake.

outstretch - Extender

glitter - brillo, purpurina, escarcha, brillar, resplandecer, centellear

And the small ripple spilt upon the beach

ripple - ondulación

Scarcely o'erpass'd the cream of your champagne,

When o'er the brim the sparkling bumpers reach,

brim - borde

bumpers - parachoques, bómper

That spring-dew of the spirit! the heart's rain!

Few things surpass old wine; and they may preach

Who please,"the more because they preach in vain,"

Let us have wine and women, mirth and laughter,

Sermons and soda-water the day after.

soda-water - (soda-water) agua con gas

Man, being reasonable, must get drunk;

The best of life is but intoxication:

Glory, the grape, love, gold, in these are sunk

grape - uva

The hopes of all men, and of every nation;

Without their sap, how branchless were the trunk

Sap - savia

branchless - sin ramas

trunk - tronco, baúl, trompa

Of life's strange tree, so fruitful on occasion:

fruitful - fértil, prolífico, productivo, fructífero

But to return,"Get very drunk; and when

You wake with headache, you shall see what then.

Ring for your valet"bid him quickly bring

Some hock and soda-water, then you'll know

hock - corvejón

soda - sosa, soda, gaseosa, bebida

A pleasure worthy Xerxes the great king;

For not the bless'd sherbet, sublimed with snow,

bless - bendecir

sherbet - sorbete, polvo acidulado

sublimed - sublimado; sublime

Nor the first sparkle of the desert-spring,

sparkle - brillo; centelleo, destello

Nor Burgundy in all its sunset glow,

Burgundy - burdeos, vino tinto

After long travel, ennui, love, or slaughter,

ennui - entusiasmo; tedio, hastío, apatía, melancolía

Vie with that draught of hock and soda-water.

vie - rivalizar, rivalejar

The coast"I think it was the coast that

Was just describing"Yes, it was the coast"

Lay at this period quiet as the sky,

The sands untumbled, the blue waves untost,

untumbled - Sin revolver

And all was stillness, save the sea-bird's cry,

And dolphin's leap, and little billow crost

dolphin - delfín

By some low rock or shelve, that made it fret

shelve - archivar; dar carpetazo, cajonear, engavetar

fret - traste; preocuparse

Against the boundary it scarcely wet.

boundary - frontera, límite, linde, lindero

And forth they wander'd, her sire being gone,

As I have said, upon an expedition;

And mother, brother, guardian, she had none,

Save Zoe, who, although with due precision

She waited on her lady with the sun,

Thought daily service was her only mission,

Bringing warm water, wreathing her long tresses,

wreathing - guirnalda, corona, burelete, rodear

tresses - mechones; trenzada, trenza

And asking now and then for cast-off dresses.

It was the cooling hour, just when the rounded

Red sun sinks down behind the azure hill,

Azure - azur, blao, azul celeste

Which then seems as if the whole earth it bounded,

Circling all nature, hush'd, and dim, and still,

With the far mountain-crescent half surrounded

Crescent - medialuna, creciente

On one side, and the deep sea calm and chill

deep sea - aguas profundas

Upon the other, and the rosy sky,

With one star sparkling through it like an eye.

And thus they wander'd forth, and hand in hand,

Over the shining pebbles and the shells,

pebbles - guijarros; guijarro, canto pelado, canto rodado, china, empedrar

Glided along the smooth and harden'd sand,

glided - se deslizó; deslizar, planear

harden - Se endurece

And in the worn and wild receptacles

receptacles - recipientes; recipiente, receptáculo

Work'd by the storms, yet work'd as it were plann'd,

In hollow halls, with sparry roofs and cells,

sparry - Espumoso

They turn'd to rest; and, each clasp'd by an arm,

Yielded to the deep twilight's purple charm.

They look'd up to the sky, whose floating glow

Spread like a rosy ocean, vast and bright;

They gazed upon the glittering sea below,

Whence the broad moon rose circling into sight;

They heard the wave's splash, and the wind so low,

And saw each other's dark eyes darting light

darting - dardo, flechilla

Into each other"and, beholding this,

beholding - mirando; contemplar, mirar, observar, he aquí, mirad

Their lips drew near, and clung into a kiss;

A long, long kiss, a kiss of youth, and love,

And beauty, all concentrating like rays

rays - rayos; rayo

Into one focus, kindled from above;

kindled - encendido; encender

Such kisses as belong to early days,

Where heart, and soul, and sense, in concert move,

And the blood 's lava, and the pulse a blaze,

lava - lava

Each kiss a heart-quake,"for a kiss's strength,

I think, it must be reckon'd by its length.

By length I mean duration; theirs endured

Heaven knows how long"no doubt they never reckon'd;

And if they had, they could not have secured

The sum of their sensations to a second:

sensations - sensaciones; sensación

They had not spoken; but they felt allured,

allured - atraído; Attactivo, Encanto

As if their souls and lips each other beckon'd,

beckon - hacer senas; llamar con senas, atraer

Which, being join'd, like swarming bees they clung"

swarming - Enjambre; (swarm); enjambre, nube, multitud, muchedumbre, masa

Their hearts the flowers from whence the honey sprung.

They were alone, but not alone as they

Who shut in chambers think it loneliness;

chambers - cámaras; cámara, recámara, compartimento

loneliness - soledad

The silent ocean, and the starlight bay,

The twilight glow which momently grew less,

momently - Momentáneamente

The voiceless sands and dropping caves, that lay

voiceless - sin voz; mudo, sordo

Around them, made them to each other press,

As if there were no life beneath the sky

Save theirs, and that their life could never die.

They fear'd no eyes nor ears on that lone beach,

They felt no terrors from the night, they were

All in all to each other: though their speech

Was broken words, they thought a language there,"

And all the burning tongues the passions teach

Found in one sigh the best interpreter

interpreter - intérprete, trujamán, truchimán

Of nature's oracle"first love,"that all

Oracle - oráculo

Which Eve has left her daughters since her fall.

Haidde spoke not of scruples, ask'd no vows,

scruples - escrúpulos; escrúpulo, vacilar, escrupulizar

Nor offer'd any; she had never heard

Of plight and promises to be a spouse,

Or perils by a loving maid incurr'd;

incurr - Incurrir

She was all which pure ignorance allows,

ignorance - ignorancia

And flew to her young mate like a young bird;

And, never having dreamt of falsehood, she

falsehood - falsedad

Had not one word to say of constancy.

constancy - constancia, constancia

She loved, and was beloved"she adored,

adored - dorado; adorar, querer

And she was worshipp'd; after nature's fashion,

worshipp - Venerar

Their intense souls, into each other pour'd,

If souls could die, had perish'd in that passion,"

But by degrees their senses were restored,

Again to be o'ercome, again to dash on;

ercome - Vienes

And, beating 'gainst his bosom, Haidee's heart

Felt as if never more to beat apart.

Alas! they were so young, so beautiful,

So lonely, loving, helpless, and the hour

Was that in which the heart is always full,

And, having o'er itself no further power,

Prompts deeds eternity can not annul,

eternity - la eternidad; eternidad

But pays off moments in an endless shower

Of hell-fire"all prepared for people giving

Pleasure or pain to one another living.

Alas! for Juan and Haidee! they were

So loving and so lovely"till then never,

Excepting our first parents, such a pair

Had run the risk of being damn'd for ever;

And Haidee, being devout as well as fair,

devout - devoto

Had, doubtless, heard about the Stygian river,

And hell and purgatory"but forgot

Just in the very crisis she should not.

They look upon each other, and their eyes

Gleam in the moonlight; and her white arm clasps

gleam - resplandor; relucir, brillar, destellar

moonlight - la luz de la luna; luz de la luna, lunada, pluriemplearse

clasps - cierres; broche, manija, corchete, hebilla, agarrar

Round Juan's head, and his around her lies

Half buried in the tresses which it grasps;

tresses - mechones; tres cubano, tres

grasps - agarrar, asir, comprender, asimiento, comprensión, alcance

She sits upon his knee, and drinks his sighs,

He hers, until they end in broken gasps;

And thus they form a group that 's quite antique,

antique - antigüedades; antiguo, antigüedad

half naked, loving, natural, and Greek.

half naked - medio desnudo

And when those deep and burning moments pass'd,

And Juan sunk to sleep within her arms,

She slept not, but all tenderly, though fast,

tenderly - con ternura; tiernamente

Sustain'd his head upon her bosom's charms;

And now and then her eye to heaven is cast,

And then on the pale cheek her breast now warms,

Pillow'd on her o'erflowing heart, which pants

erflowing - fluyendo

With all it granted, and with all it grants.

An infant when it gazes on a light,

gazes - miradas; observar, mirar fijamente

A child the moment when it drains the breast,

drains - esagües; desagüe, drenaje, aliviadero, tubo abierto, sangría

A devotee when soars the Host in sight,

devotee - devoto

An Arab with a stranger for a guest,

A sailor when the prize has struck in fight,

A miser filling his most hoarded chest,

hoarded - acaparado; provisión

Feel rapture; but not such true joy are reaping

rapture - arrebatamiento

reaping - segar, cosechar, recoger, mies

As they who watch o'er what they love while sleeping.

For there it lies so tranquil, so beloved,

tranquil - tranquilo, apacible

All that it hath of life with us is living;

So gentle, stirless, helpless, and unmoved,

unmoved - insensible, impasible

And all unconscious of the joy 'tis giving;

All it hath felt, inflicted, pass'd, and proved,

inflicted - nfligido; infligir

Hush'd into depths beyond the watcher's diving:

watcher - observador; vigilante

There lies the thing we love with all its errors

And all its charms, like death without its terrors.

The lady watch'd her lover"and that hour

Of Love's, and Night's, and Ocean's solitude,

O'erflow'd her soul with their united power;

Amidst the barren sand and rocks so rude

She and her wave-worn love had made their bower,

Where nought upon their passion could intrude,

intrude - intrusos; meterse

And all the stars that crowded the blue space

Saw nothing happier than her glowing face.

Alas! the love of women! it is known

To be a lovely and a fearful thing;

For all of theirs upon that die is thrown,

And if 'tis lost, life hath no more to bring

To them but mockeries of the past alone,

mockeries - burlas; mote, mofa, pitorreo, ludibrio

And their revenge is as the tiger's spring,

Deadly, and quick, and crushing; yet, as real

crushing - aplastando; aplastamiento, enamoramiento, aplastar, destripar

Torture is theirs, what they inflict they feel.

torture - tortura, suplicio, torturar

inflict - infligir

They are right; for man, to man so oft unjust,

unjust - injusto

Is always so to women; one sole bond

Awaits them, treachery is all their trust;

Taught to conceal, their bursting hearts despond

Over their idol, till some wealthier lust

lust - lujuria, deseo, ganas, lujuria, alegría

Buys them in marriage"and what rests beyond?

A thankless husband, next a faithless lover,

thankless - ingrato, despreciado

faithless - Infiel

Then dressing, nursing, praying, and all 's over.

Some take a lover, some take drams or prayers,

Some mind their household, others dissipation,

dissipation - disipación

Some run away, and but exchange their cares,

Losing the advantage of a virtuous station;

Few changes e'er can better their affairs,

Theirs being an unnatural situation,

unnatural - no es natural; antinatural, contranatural, contra natura

From the dull palace to the dirty hovel:

hovel - cuchitril, casucha

Some play the devil, and then write a novel.

Haidee was Nature's bride, and knew not this;

Haidee was Passion's child, born where the sun

Showers triple light, and scorches even the kiss

triple - triple, triple, triplicar

scorches - quemaduras; chamuscar

Of his gazelle-eyed daughters; she was one

Made but to love, to feel that she was his

Who was her chosen: what was said or done

Elsewhere was nothing. She had naught to fear,

Hope, care, nor love, beyond, her heart beat here.

And oh! that quickening of the heart, that beat!

quickening - Rápido; (quicken) Rápido

How much it costs us! yet each rising throb

Is in its cause as its effect so sweet,

That Wisdom, ever on the watch to rob

Joy of its alchymy, and to repeat

alchymy - alquimia

Fine truths; even Conscience, too, has a tough job

To make us understand each good old maxim,

maxim - máxima

So good"I wonder Castlereagh don't tax 'em.

And now 'twas done"on the lone shore were plighted

plighted - prometido; drama, situación grave

Their hearts; the stars, their nuptial torches, shed

nuptial - nupcial

Beauty upon the beautiful they lighted:

Ocean their witness, and the cave their bed,

By their own feelings hallow'd and united,

Their priest was Solitude, and they were wed:

And they were happy, for to their young eyes

Each was an angel, and earth paradise.

O, Love! of whom great Caesar was the suitor,

Caesar - César

Titus the master, Antony the slave,

Horace, Catullus, scholars, Ovid tutor,

Sappho the sage blue-stocking, in whose grave

All those may leap who rather would be neuter

(Leucadia's rock still overlooks the wave)"

overlooks - miradores; mirador, pasar por alto, otear

O, Love! thou art the very god of evil,

For, after all, we cannot call thee devil.

Thou mak'st the chaste connubial state precarious,

connubial - conyugal

precarious - precaria; precario

And jestest with the brows of mightiest men:

jestest - bromea

mightiest - el más poderoso; poderoso

Caesar and Pompey, Mahomet, Belisarius,

Pompey - Pompeyo

Have much employ'd the muse of history's pen;

Their lives and fortunes were extremely various,

Such worthies Time will never see again;

Worthies - Digno

Yet to these four in three things the same luck holds,

They all were heroes, conquerors, and cuckolds.

conquerors - conquistadores; conquistador

cuckolds - cornudos; cornudo, poner los cuernos, poner los cachos

Thou mak'st philosophers; there's Epicurus

philosophers - filósofos; filósofo, filósofa

Epicurus - Epicuro

And Aristippus, a material crew!

Who to immoral courses would allure us

allure - atractivo; Attactivo, Encanto

By theories quite practicable too;

practicable - es factible; realizable, alcanzable, factible, asequible

If only from the devil they would insure us,

insure - asegurar

How pleasant were the maxim (not quite new),

'Eat, drink, and love, what can the rest avail us?'

So said the royal sage Sardanapalus.

But Juan! had he quite forgotten Julia?

And should he have forgotten her so soon?

I can't but say it seems to me most truly

Perplexing question; but, no doubt, the moon

Does these things for us, and whenever newly

Strong palpitation rises, 'tis her boon,

palpitation - palpitaciones; palpitación

boon - una bendición; bendición

Else how the devil is it that fresh features

Have such a charm for us poor human creatures?

I hate inconstancy"I loathe, detest,

inconstancy - inconstancia

detest - detestar

Abhor, condemn, abjure the mortal made

abhor - aborrecer, detestar, abominar

abjure - abjurar

Of such quicksilver clay that in his breast

quicksilver - mercurio, azogue

No permanent foundation can be laid;

Love, constant love, has been my constant guest,

And yet last night, being at a masquerade,

masquerade - mascarada

I saw the prettiest creature, fresh from Milan,

Milan - Milán

Which gave me some sensations like a villain.

villain - villano

But soon Philosophy came to my aid,

And whisper'd, 'Think of every sacred tie!'

'I will, my dear Philosophy!'I said,

'But then her teeth, and then, oh, Heaven! her eye!

I'll just inquire if she be wife or maid,

inquire - preguntar; investigar, informarse

Or neither"out of curiosity.'

'Stop!'cried Philosophy, with air so Grecian

(Though she was masqued then as a fair Venetian);

masqued - Mascarada

'Stop!'so I stopp'd."But to return: that which

Men call inconstancy is nothing more

Than admiration due where nature's rich

admiration - admiración

Profusion with young beauty covers o'er

Some favour'd object; and as in the niche

niche - hornacina, nicho

A lovely statue we almost adore,

This sort of adoration of the real

adoration - adoración

Is but a heightening of the 'beau ideal.'

heightening - aumento; elevar, realzar

'Tis the perception of the beautiful,

A fine extension of the faculties,

faculties - facultades; cuerpo docente, facultad

Platonic, universal, wonderful,

Drawn from the stars, and filter'd through the skies,

filter - filtro, filtrar, filtrarse

Without which life would be extremely dull;

In short, it is the use of our own eyes,

With one or two small senses added, just

To hint that flesh is form'd of fiery dust.

Yet 'tis a painful feeling, and unwilling,

unwilling - No quiere

For surely if we always could perceive

In the same object graces quite as killing

graces - gracias; (grace); gracias, benedícite, gracia, donaire, merced

As when she rose upon us like an Eve,

'Twould save us many a heartache, many a shilling

heartache - dolor de corazón; angustia, pena

shilling - chelines; chelín; (shill); testaferro, hombre de paja

(For we must get them any how or grieve),

Whereas if one sole lady pleased for ever,

How pleasant for the heart as well as liver!

The heart is like the sky, a part of heaven,

But changes night and day, too, like the sky;

Now o'er it clouds and thunder must be driven,

And darkness and destruction as on high:

But when it hath been scorch'd, and pierced, and riven,

pierced - perforado; atravesar, traspasar

riven - ive

Its storms expire in water-drops; the eye

expire - vencer, caducar

Pours forth at last the heart's blood turn'd to tears,

Which make the English climate of our years.

The liver is the lazaret of bile,

lazaret - lazareto

bile - bilis, hiel

But very rarely executes its function,

executes - ejecutar, ajusticiar, arrancar

For the first passion stays there such a while,

That all the rest creep in and form a junction,

creep in - Entrar a hurtadillas

junction - unión, juntura

Life knots of vipers on a dunghill's soil,"

knots - nudos; nudo

vipers - víboras; víbora

dunghill - estercolero

Rage, fear, hate, jealousy, revenge, compunction,"

compunction - compunción, remordimiento

So that all mischiefs spring up from this entrail,

mischiefs - ravesuras; travesura, diablura, gamberrada

spring up - brotar; aparecer; alzarse

entrail - Trail

Like earthquakes from the hidden fire call'd 'central,'

In the mean time, without proceeding more

In this anatomy, I've finish'd now

anatomy - anatomía

Two hundred and odd stanzas as before,

stanzas - estrofas; estrofa

That being about the number I'll allow

Each canto of the twelve, or twenty-four;

And, laying down my pen, I make my bow,

Leaving Don Juan and Haidee to plead

plead - suplicar; rogar

For them and theirs with all who deign to read.

deign - dignarse


hail, Muse! et cetera."We left Juan sleeping,

hail - Granizo, granizar; llamar, saludar

et - y; ET

Pillow'd upon a fair and happy breast,

And watch'd by eyes that never yet knew weeping,

And loved by a young heart, too deeply blest

blest - bendito; (bless) bendito

To feel the poison through her spirit creeping,

creeping - reptando; reptar, hormigueo, fatiga

Or know who rested there, a foe to rest,

Had soil'd the current of her sinless years,

And turn'd her pure heart's purest blood to tears!

O, Love! what is it in this world of ours

Which makes it fatal to be loved? Ah, why

fatal - fatal

With cypress branches hast thou Wreathed thy bowers,

cypress - ciprés

wreathed - coronado; cubrir, envolver, adornar, coronar

And made thy best interpreter a sigh?

As those who dote on odours pluck the flowers,

odours - olores; olor

And place them on their breast"but place to die"

Thus the frail beings we would fondly cherish

fondly - con carino

Are laid within our bosoms but to perish.

In her first passion woman loves her lover,

In all the others all she loves is love,

Which grows a habit she can ne'er get over,

And fits her loosely"like an easy glove,

loosely - a la ligera; vagamente

As you may find, whene'er you like to prove her:

One man alone at first her heart can move;

She then prefers him in the plural number,

plural - plural, plural

Not finding that the additions much encumber.

I know not if the fault be men's or theirs;

But one thing 's pretty sure; a woman planted

(Unless at once she plunge for life in prayers)

After a decent time must be gallanted;

gallanted - gallanted; gallardo, intrépido

Although, no doubt, her first of love affairs

Is that to which her heart is wholly granted;

Yet there are some, they say, who have had none,

But those who have ne'er end with only one.

'Tis melancholy, and a fearful sign

melancholy - melancolía

Of human frailty, folly, also crime,

frailty - debilidad; fragilidad

That love and marriage rarely can combine,

Although they both are born in the same clime;

clime - clima

Marriage from love, like vinegar from wine"

vinegar - vinagre

A sad, sour, sober beverage"by time

sour - agrio, ácido, acedo, acidez

beverage - bebida, trago

Is sharpen'd from its high celestial flavour

sharpen - afilar

Down to a very homely household savour.

homely - ogareno; hogareno

savour - saborear

There's something of antipathy, as 'twere,

antipathy - antipatía, aversión

Between their present and their future state;

A kind of flattery that 's hardly fair

flattery - halagos; adulación, peloteo, piropo, camelo, lisonja

Is used until the truth arrives too late"

Yet what can people do, except despair?

The same things change their names at such a rate;

For instance"passion in a lover 's glorious,

But in a husband is pronounced uxorious.

uxorious - gurrumino

Men grow ashamed of being so very fond;

They sometimes also get a little tired

(But that, of course, is rare), and then despond:

The same things cannot always be admired,

Yet 'tis 'so nominated in the bond,'

nominated - nominado; postular

That both are tied till one shall have expired.

Sad thought! to lose the spouse that was adorning

adorning - adorno; adornar, engalanar

Our days, and put one's servants into mourning.

There's doubtless something in domestic doings

Which forms, in fact, true love's antithesis;

Romances paint at full length people's wooings,

wooings - Cortejando

But only give a bust of marriages;

For no one cares for matrimonial cooings,

matrimonial - matrimonial

cooings - A arrullar

There's nothing wrong in a connubial kiss:

Think you, if Laura had been Petrarch's wife,

Laura - Laura

Petrarch - Petrarca

He would have written sonnets all his life?

sonnets - sonetos; soneto

All tragedies are finish'd by a death,

All comedies are ended by a marriage;

The future states of both are left to faith,

For authors fear description might disparage

disparage - despreciar; denigrar, menospreciar

The worlds to come of both, or fall beneath,

And then both worlds would punish their miscarriage;

miscarriage - aborto espontáneo, aborto natural

So leaving each their priest and prayer-book ready,

They say no more of Death or of the Lady.

The only two that in my recollection

Have sung of heaven and hell, or marriage, are

Dante and Milton, and of both the affection

Was hapless in their nuptials, for some bar

nuptials - nupcias; nupcial

Of fault or temper ruin'd the connection

(Such things, in fact, it Don't ask much to mar):

Don't ask - No preguntes

mar - estropear, echar a perder

But Dante's Beatrice and Milton's Eve

Beatrice - Beatriz

Were not drawn from their spouses, you conceive.

conceive - concebir

Some persons say that Dante meant theology

By Beatrice, and not a mistress"I,

Although my opinion may require apology,

Deem this a commentator's fantasy,

commentator - comentador, comentadora, comentarista

Unless indeed it was from his own knowledge he

Decided thus, and show'd good reason why;

I think that Dante's more abstruse ecstatics

ecstatics - extáticos; extasiado

Meant to personify the mathematics.

personify - personificar

Haidee and Juan were not married, but

The fault was theirs, not mine; it is not fair,

Chaste reader, then, in any way to put

The blame on me, unless you wish they were;

Then if you'd have them wedded, please to shut

The book which treats of this erroneous pair,

erroneous - errónea; erróneo, falso, errado, inexacto

Before the consequences grow too awful;

'Tis dangerous to read of loves unlawful.

unlawful - ilegal

Yet they were happy,"happy in the illicit

illicit - ilícito

Indulgence of their innocent desires;

indulgence - complacencia; indulgencia

But more imprudent grown with every visit,

more imprudent - más imprudente

Haidee forgot the island was her sire's;

When we have what we like, 'tis hard to miss it,

At least in the beginning, ere one tires;

tires - neumático

Thus she came often, not a moment losing,

Whilst her piratical papa was cruising.

whilst - Mientras

piratical - piratería

papa - papá

Let not his mode of raising cash seem strange,

Although he fleeced the flags of every nation,

fleeced - desplumado; vellón, vellocino, lana, toisón, piel

For into a prime minister but change

His title, and 'tis nothing but taxation;

taxation - impuestos; tasación, régimen fiscal

But he, more modest, took an humbler range

humbler - Más humilde; (humble) Más humilde

Of life, and in an honester vocation

vocation - vocación, profesión

Pursued o'er the high seas his watery journey,

And merely practised as a sea-attorney.

The good old gentleman had been detain'd

By winds and waves, and some important captures;

And, in the hope of more, at sea remain'd,

Although a squall or two had damp'd his raptures,

raptures - los raptos; arrebatamiento

By swamping one of the prizes; he had chain'd

swamping - inundación; embalsadero, pantano, ciénaga, embalse

His prisoners, dividing them like chapters

In number'd lots; they all had cuffs and collars,

cuffs - esposas; puno

collars - collares; cuello, collar, yugo

And averaged each from ten to a hundred dollars.

Some he disposed of off Cape Matapan,

Among his friends the Mainots; some he sold

To his Tunis correspondents, save one man

Tunis - Túnez

correspondents - corresponsales; corresponsal

Toss'd overboard unsaleable (being old);

The rest"save here and there some richer one,

Reserved for future ransom"in the hold

ransom - rescate, rescatar

Were link'd alike, as for the common people he

Had a large order from the Dey of Tripoli.

Tripoli - Trípoli

The merchandise was served in the same way,

merchandise - mercancía, mercadería

Pieced out for different marts in the Levant;

Levant - Levante

Except some certain portions of the prey,

Light classic articles of female want,

French stuffs, lace, tweezers, toothpicks, teapot, tray,

tweezers - Pinza

toothpicks - palillos; palillo, escarbadientes, mondadientes

teapot - tetera

tray - bandeja

Guitars and castanets from Alicant,

castanets - castanuelas; castanuela

All which selected from the spoil he gathers,

Robb'd for his daughter by the best of fathers.

A monkey, a Dutch mastiff, a mackaw,

Dutch - neerlandés, holandés, neerlandés, holandés

mastiff - mastín, alano, dogo

Two parrots, with a Persian cat and kittens,

parrots - loros; papagayo, loro, cotorra

Persian - Persa

kittens - gatitos; gatito, minino, gatita

He chose from several animals he saw"

A terrier, too, which once had been a Briton's,

Briton - británico, británica

Who dying on the coast of Ithaca,

The peasants gave the poor dumb thing a pittance;

peasants - campesinos; campesino, montanero, checkpeón

pittance - una miseria; miseria

These to secure in this strong blowing weather,

He caged in one huge hamper altogether.

caged - enjaulado; jaula, cabina, enjaular

hamper - cesta; estorbar, impedir, obstaculizar

Then having settled his marine affairs,

marine - marítimo, marino, infante de marina

Despatching single cruisers here and there,

despatching - despachar

cruisers - cruceros; crucero, patrulla

His vessel having need of some repairs,

He shaped his course to where his daughter fair

Continued still her hospitable cares;

hospitable - hospitalario

But that part of the coast being shoal and bare,

shoal - banco, cardumen

And rough with reefs which ran out many a mile,

reefs - rrecifes; arrecife

His port lay on the other side o'the isle.

And there he went ashore without delay,

ashore - en tierra

Having no custom-house nor quarantine

custom-house - (custom-house) aduana

quarantine - cuarentena, cuarentena, cuarentenar

To ask him awkward questions on the way

About the time and place where he had been:

He left his ship to be hove down next day,

With orders to the people to careen;

careen - carrera; carenar

So that all hands were busy beyond measure,

In getting out goods, ballast, guns, and treasure.

ballast - lastre, balastro, balasto, balastra, lastrar

Arriving at the summit of a hill

Which overlook'd the white walls of his home,

overlook - mirador, pasar por alto, otear

He stopp'd."What singular emotions fill

singular - singular, único, singular

Their bosoms who have been induced to roam!

induced - inducido; inducir

With fluttering doubts if all be well or ill"

fluttering - agitación; ondear, aletear

With love for many, and with fears for some;

All feelings which o'erleap the years long lost,

And bring our hearts back to their starting-post.

The approach of home to husbands and to sires,

After long travelling by land or water,

Most naturally some small doubt inspires"

A female family 's a serious matter

(None trusts the sex more, or so much admires"

But they hate flattery, so I never flatter);

Wives in their husbands'absences grow subtler,

absences - ausencias; ausencia, falta, ausencia de hierro

subtler - más sutil; sutil

And daughters sometimes run off with the butler.

butler - sumiller, sommelier, mayordomo

An honest gentleman at his return

May not have the good fortune of Ulysses;

Ulysses - Ulises

Not all lone matrons for their husbands mourn,

mourn - lamentar, estar de luto

Or show the same dislike to suitors'kisses;

The odds are that he finds a handsome urn

urn - una urna; urna

To his memory"and two or three young misses

Born to some friend, who holds his wife and riches,"

And that his Argus"bites him by the breeches.

If single, probably his plighted fair

Has in his absence wedded some rich miser;

But all the better, for the happy pair

May quarrel, and the lady growing wiser,

He may resume his amatory care

As cavalier servente, or despise her;

And that his sorrow may not be a dumb one,

Write odes on the Inconstancy of Woman.

odes - das; oda

And oh! ye gentlemen who have already

Some chaste liaison of the kind"I mean

liaison - enlace, aventura

An honest friendship with a married lady"

The only thing of this sort ever seen

To last"of all connections the most steady,

And the true Hymen (the first 's but a screen)"

hymen - himen

Yet for all that keep not too long away,

I've known the absent wrong'd four times a day.

absent - ausente

Lambro, our sea-solicitor, who had

solicitor - abogado, checknotario

Much less experience of dry land than ocean,

On seeing his own chimney-smoke, felt glad;

But not knowing metaphysics, had no notion

Of the true reason of his not being sad,

Or that of any other strong emotion;

He loved his child, and would have wept the loss of her,

But knew the cause no more than a philosopher.

He saw his white walls shining in the sun,

His garden trees all shadowy and green;

He heard his rivulet's light bubbling run,

rivulet - riachuelo

The distant dog-bark; and perceived between

The umbrage of the wood so cool and dun

umbrage - furia; enojo, ira, sombra

The moving figures, and the sparkling sheen

sheen - brillo, lustre

Of arms (in the East all arm)"and various dyes

dyes - tintes; tenir

Of colour'd garbs, as bright as butterflies.

garbs - Atuendo

butterflies - mariposas; mariposa

And as the spot where they appear he nears,

Surprised at these unwonted signs of idling,

unwonted - inaceptable

idling - al ralentí; (idle) al ralentí

He hears"alas! no music of the spheres,

spheres - esferas; esfera, bola

But an unhallow'd, earthly sound of fiddling!

unhallow - Deshacerse

A melody which made him doubt his ears,

The cause being past his guessing or unriddling;

unriddling - Descifrar

A pipe, too, and a drum, and shortly after,

A most unoriental roar of laughter.

And still more nearly to the place advancing,

Descending rather quickly the declivity,

descending - descendente; descender, bajar

declivity - declive; bajada

Through the waved branches o'er the greensward glancing,

'Midst other indications of festivity,

midst - en medio; centro

festivity - festividad

Seeing a troop of his domestics dancing

Like dervises, who turn as on a pivot, he

pivot - pivotar, pivote, giro

Perceived it was the Pyrrhic dance so martial,

To which the Levantines are very partial.

And further on a group of Grecian girls,

The first and tallest her white kerchief waving,

Were strung together like a row of pearls,

Row - hilera, fila

pearls - perlas; perla, parisienne

Link'd hand in hand, and dancing; each too having

Down her white neck long floating auburn curls

(The least of which would set ten poets raving);

Their leader sang"and bounded to her song,

With choral step and voice, the virgin throng.

choral - coral

throng - una multitud; muchedumbre, gentío, caterva, multitud, montón

And here, assembled cross-legg'd round their trays,

assembled - montado; ensamblar, construir, montar, reunir, juntar

trays - andejas; bandeja

Small social parties just begun to dine;

Pilaus and meats of all sorts met the gaze,

And flasks of Samian and of Chian wine,

Chian - Chián

And sherbet cooling in the porous vase;

porous - poroso

vase - un jarrón; jarrón, florero, vasija

Above them their dessert grew on its vine,

dessert - dulce, postre

vine - vid, trepadora, enredadera

The orange and pomegranate nodding o'er

pomegranate - granada, granado

nodding - Asintiendo; (nod); asentir, cabecear, cabezada

Dropp'd in their laps, scarce pluck'd, their mellow store.

A band of children, round a snow-white ram,

ram - RAM, memoria RAM

There wreathe his venerable horns with flowers;

wreathe - cubrir, envolver, adornar, coronar

venerable - venerable

horns - cuernos; cuerno

While peaceful as if still an unwean'd lamb,

lamb - cordero, carne de cordero, borrego, borrega

The patriarch of the flock all gently cowers

patriarch - patriarca

flock - rebano, bandada

cowers - se acobarda; encogerse, empequenecerse, apocarse

His sober head, majestically tame,

majestically - majestuosamente

tame - dócil; domesticado; doméstico

Or eats from out the palm, or playful lowers

playful - juguetón, divertido

lowers - bajos; oscurecerse, encapotarse

His brow, as if in act to butt, and then

Yielding to their small hands, draws back again.

yielding - Ceder; (yield) Ceder

Their classical profiles, and glittering dresses,

Their large black eyes, and soft seraphic cheeks,

Crimson as cleft pomegranates, their long tresses,

crimson - carmín, carmesí

cleft - hendido; hendidura, grieta

pomegranates - granadas; granada, granado

The gesture which enchants, the eye that speaks,

enchants - encantos; encantar

The innocence which happy childhood blesses,

blesses - bendiciones; bendecir

Made quite a picture of these little Greeks;

Greeks - griegos; griego, griego, griega

So that the philosophical beholder

philosophical - filosófica; filosófico

beholder - observador

Sigh'd for their sakes"that they should e'er grow older.

sakes - para qué; por, por motivo de; por el bien de

Afar, a dwarf buffoon stood telling tales

afar - lejos; afar

dwarf - enano, enano

buffoon - bufón, panish: t-needed

To a sedate grey circle of old smokers,

sedate - sedado; sedar, tranquilizar

smokers - fumadores; fumador, fumadora

Of secret treasures found in hidden vales,

vales - valores; valle

Of wonderful replies from Arab jokers,

jokers - bromistas; bromista, guasón, chistoso, humorista, comodín

Of charms to make good gold and cure bad ails,

ails - ils; sufrir una dolencia

Of rocks bewitch'd that open to the knockers,

bewitch - hechizar, embrujar

knockers - Golpeador

Of magic ladies who, by one sole act,

Transform'd their lords to beasts (but that 's a fact).

beasts - bestias; bestia, animal, salvaje

Here was no lack of innocent diversion

diversion - distracción, diversión, desviación

For the imagination or the senses,

Song, dance, wine, music, stories from the Persian,

All pretty pastimes in which No offence is;

pastimes - pasatiempos; pasatiempo

No offence - sin ofender; no te lo tomes mal

But Lambro saw all these things with aversion,

Perceiving in his absence such expenses,

Dreading that climax of all human ills,

dreading - temiendo; temer, pavor, temor

climax - clímax, colofón, orgasmo

The inflammation of his weekly bills.

inflammation - inflamación

Ah! what is man? what perils still environ

The happiest mortals even after dinner"

A day of gold from out an age of iron

Is all that life allows the luckiest sinner;

sinner - pecador, pecadora

Pleasure (whene'er she sings, at least) 's a siren,

siren - sirena

That lures, to flay alive, the young beginner;

lures - enuelos; tentación, aliciente

flay - Desollar

beginner - principiante, novato, novillo, bisono

Lambro's reception at his people's banquet

banquet - un banquete; comida festiva, banquete, convite

Was such as fire accords to a wet blanket.

accords - acuerdos; acuerdo, convenio, acordar, conceder, conferir

He"being a man who seldom used a word

Too much, and wishing gladly to surprise

gladly - con gusto; de buena gana

(In general he surprised men with the sword)

His daughter"had not sent before to advise

Of his arrival, so that no one stirr'd;

And long he paused to re-assure his eyes

In fact much more astonish'd than delighted,

astonish - asombrar, sorprender, pasmar

To find so much good company invited.

He did not know (alas! how men will lie)

That a report (especially the Greeks)

Avouch'd his death (such people never die),

And put his house in mourning several weeks,"

But now their eyes and also lips were dry;

The bloom, too, had return'd to Haidee's cheeks,

bloom - florecer; flor

Her tears, too, being return'd into their fount,

fount - Fuente

She now kept house upon her own account.

kept house - mantener la casa

Hence all this rice, meat, dancing, wine, and fiddling,

Which turn'd the isle into a place of pleasure;

The servants all were getting drunk or idling,

A life which made them happy beyond measure.

Her father's hospitality seem'd middling,

hospitality - hospitalidad, hostelería

Compared with what Haidee did with his treasure;

'Twas wonderful how things went on improving,

While she had not one hour to spare from loving.

Perhaps you think in stumbling on this feast

stumbling - tropezando; tropezón, traspié, desliz, torpeza, tropiezo

feast - fiesta; banquete, festín

He flew into a passion, and in fact

There was no mighty reason to be pleased;

Perhaps you prophesy some sudden act,

prophesy - profecía; profetizar

The whip, the rack, or dungeon at the least,

whip - fusta, látigo, flagelo, panish: t-needed

dungeon - mazmorra, calabozo

To teach his people to be more exact,

more exact - más exacto

And that, proceeding at a very high rate,

He show'd the royal penchants of a pirate.

penchants - pensamientos; inclinación, gusto

pirate - pirata, bucanero, barco pirata, piratear

You're wrong."He was the mildest manner'd man

That ever scuttled ship or cut a throat:

scuttled - undido; echar a correr

With such true breeding of a gentleman,

You never could divine his real thought;

No courtier could, and scarcely woman can

courtier - cortesano

Gird more deceit within a petticoat;

gird - Cinturón

deceit - engano; bellaquería, fraude, engano, embeleco

Pity he loved adventurous life's variety,

adventurous life - una vida aventurera

He was so great a loss to good society.

Advancing to the nearest dinner tray,

Tapping the shoulder of the nighest guest,

nighest - más; cerca, cabe, cercano

With a peculiar smile, which, by the way,

peculiar - particular; peculiar, raro, específico

Boded no good, whatever it express'd,

boded - Cuerpo

He ask'd the meaning of this holiday;

The vinous Greek to whom he had address'd

vinous - vinoso

His question, much too merry to divine

The questioner, fill'd up a glass of wine,

questioner - Pregunta

And without turning his facetious head,

facetious - curioso; fisgón, socarrón, faceto

Over his shoulder, with a Bacchant air,

Bacchant - Bacante

Presented the o'erflowing cup, and said,

'Talking 's dry work, I have no time to spare.'

A second hiccup'd, 'Our old master 's dead,

hiccup - hipo, singulto, hipar

You'd better ask our mistress who 's his heir.'

heir - heredero, sucesor, checkheredera

'Our mistress!'quoth a third: 'Our mistress!"pooh!-

Pooh - Pooh

You mean our master"not the old, but new.'

These rascals, being new comers, knew not whom

They thus address'd"and Lambro's visage fell"

And o'er his eye a momentary gloom

momentary - momentánea; momentáneo

gloom - pesimismo; penumbra, melancolía

Pass'd, but he strove quite courteously to quell

courteously - cortésmente

The expression, and endeavouring to resume

endeavouring - se esfuerza; esforzarse

His smile, requested one of them to tell

The name and quality of his new patron,

patron - patrón, mecenas, patrocinador, auspiciador, cliente, parroquiano

Who seem'd to have turn'd Haidee into a matron.

'I know not,'quoth the fellow, 'who or what

He is, nor whence he came"and little care;

But this I know, that this roast capon 's fat,

capon - capón

And that good wine ne'er wash'd down better fare;

And if you are not satisfied with that,

Direct your questions to my neighbour there;

He'll answer all for better or for worse,

For none likes more to hear himself converse.'

converse - conversar, charlar

I said that Lambro was a man of patience,

And certainly he show'd the best of breeding,

Which scarce even France, the paragon of nations,

E'er saw her most polite of sons exceeding;

most polite - el más educado

He bore these sneers against his near relations,

His own anxiety, his heart, too, bleeding,

The insults, too, of every servile glutton,

insults - insultos; insultar, insulto, ofensa, improperio

servile - servil

glutton - glotón, hambrón, comilón, tragón

Who all the time was eating up his mutton.

eating up - comiendo

Now in a person used to much command"

To bid men come, and go, and come again"

To see his orders done, too, out of hand"

Whether the word was death, or but the chain"

It may seem strange to find his manners bland;

Yet such things are, which I can not explain,

Though doubtless he who can command himself

Is good to govern"almost as a Guelf.

Not that he was not sometimes rash or so,

rash - sarpullido; imprudente

But never in his real and serious mood;

Then calm, concentrated, and still, and slow,

He lay coil'd like the boa in the wood;

boa - boa

With him it never was a word and blow,

His angry word once o'er, he shed no blood,

But in his silence there was much to rue,

rue - ue

And his one blow left little work for two.

He ask'd no further questions, and proceeded

On to the house, but by a private way,

So that the few who met him hardly heeded,

heeded - oído; importar, prestar atención, poner atención

So little they expected him that day;

If love paternal in his bosom pleaded

paternal - paterno, paternal

pleaded - suplicado; rogar

For Haidee's sake, is more than I can say,

But certainly to one deem'd dead, returning,

This revel seem'd a curious mode of mourning.

If all the dead could now return to life

(Which God forbid!) or some, or a great many,

For instance, if a husband or his wife

(Nuptial examples are as good as any),

No doubt whate'er might be their former strife,

The present weather would be much more rainy"

rainy - lloviendo; lluvioso, pluvioso

Tears shed into the grave of the connection

Would share most probably its resurrection.

He enter'd in the house no more his home,

A thing to human feelings the most trying,

And harder for the heart to overcome,

Perhaps, than even the mental pangs of dying;

pangs - angustias; punzada, dolor agudo

To find our hearthstone turn'd into a tomb,

hearthstone - Harthstone

And round its once warm precincts palely lying

precincts - ecintos; recinto, distrito policial

palely - pálidamente

The ashes of our hopes, is a deep grief,

ashes - cenizas; ceniza

Beyond a single gentleman's belief.

He enter'd in the house"his home no more,

For without hearts there is no home; and felt

The solitude of passing his own door

Without a welcome; there he long had dwelt,

dwelt - habitó; habitar, morar

There his few peaceful days Time had swept o'er,

There his worn bosom and keen eye would melt

Over the innocence of that sweet child,

His only shrine of feelings undefiled.

undefiled - infiltrado

He was a man of a strange temperament,

temperament - temperamento

Of mild demeanour though of savage mood,

demeanour - conducta, comportamiento

Moderate in all his habits, and content

content - contenido; satisfecho

With temperance in pleasure, as in food,

temperance - templanza, temperancia

Quick to perceive, and strong to bear, and meant

For something better, if not wholly good;

His country's wrongs and his despair to save her

Had stung him from a slave to an enslaver.

stung - picado; aguijón

enslaver - Esclavista

The love of power, and rapid gain of gold,

The hardness by long habitude produced,

hardness - dureza

habitude - habituación

The dangerous life in which he had grown old,

grown old - envejecido

The mercy he had granted oft abused,

The sights he was accustom'd to behold,

accustom - acostumbrarse, habituar

The wild seas, and wild men with whom he cruised,

Had cost his enemies a long repentance,

repentance - arrepentimiento

And made him a good friend, but bad acquaintance.

But something of the spirit of old Greece

Greece - Grecia

Flash'd o'er his soul a few heroic rays,

Such as lit onward to the Golden Fleece

onward - en adelante; hacia adelante, para adelante

fleece - vellón, vellocino, lana, toisón, piel

His predecessors in the Colchian days;

predecessors - redecesores; predecesor, antecesor

T is true he had no ardent love for peace"

ardent - ardiente, ferviente

Alas! his country show'd no path to praise:

Hate to the world and war with every nation

He waged, in vengeance of her degradation.

vengeance - venganza

Still o'er his mind the influence of the clime

Shed its Ionian elegance, which show'd

elegance - elegancia, checkchic

Its power unconsciously full many a time,"

A taste seen in the choice of his abode,

A love of music and of scenes sublime,

A pleasure in the gentle stream that flow'd

Past him in crystal, and a joy in flowers,

crystal - cristal

Bedew'd his spirit in his calmer hours.

But whatsoe'er he had of love reposed

On that beloved daughter; she had been

The only thing which kept his heart unclosed

Amidst the savage deeds he had done and seen;

A lonely pure affection unopposed:

unopposed - Sin oposición

There wanted but the loss of this to wean

His feelings from all milk of human kindness,

human kindness - la bondad humana

And turn him like the Cyclops mad with blindness.

cyclops - cíclope

blindness - ceguera

The cubless tigress in her jungle raging

cubless - Sin cúpula

tigress - tigresa

jungle - la jungla; selva, jungla

raging - enfurecido; trapo

Is dreadful to the shepherd and the flock;

shepherd - pastor, ovejero, pastorear

The ocean when its yeasty war is waging

yeasty - levadura; levaduroso

Is awful to the vessel near the rock;

But violent things will sooner bear assuaging,

assuaging - apaciguador; calmar, ain, apaciguar, sosegar

Their fury being spent by its own shock,

fury - furia

Than the stern, single, deep, and wordless ire

Of a strong human heart, and in a sire.

It is a hard although a common case

To find our children running restive"they

restive - inquietos; impaciente, terco, recalcitrante

In whom our brightest days we would retrace,

Our little selves re-form'd in finer clay,

Just as old age is creeping on apace,

And clouds come o'er the sunset of our day,

They kindly leave us, though not quite alone,

But in good company"the gout or stone.

gout - gota

Yet a fine family is a fine thing

(Provided they don't come in after dinner);

'Tis beautiful to see a matron bring

Her children up (if nursing them don't thin her);

Like cherubs round an altar-piece they cling

Cherubs - querubines; querubín

altar - altar

cling - aferrarse; engancharse, adherirse

To the fire-side (a sight to touch a sinner).

A lady with her daughters or her nieces

Shines like a guinea and seven-shilling pieces.

guinea - Guinea

Old Lambro pass'd unseen a private gate,

unseen - No se ve

And stood within his hall at eventide;

Meantime the lady and her lover sate

At wassail in their beauty and their pride:

An ivory inlaid table spread with state

ivory - marfil, ebúrneo

inlaid - incrustado; incrustación

Before them, and fair slaves on every side;

Gems, gold, and silver, form'd the service mostly,

Mother of pearl and coral the less costly.

pearl - perla, parisienne

costly - costoso, caro

The dinner made about a hundred dishes;

Lamb and pistachio nuts"in short, all meats,

pistachio - pistachero, alfóncigo, pistacho, alfónsigo

And saffron soups, and sweetbreads; and the fishes

saffron - azafrán, azafranar

sweetbreads - mollejas; molleja, lechecilla

Were of the finest that e'er flounced in nets,

Drest to a Sybarite's most pamper'd wishes;

Sybarite - sibarita

pamper - mimar, consentir, malacostumbrar

The beverage was various sherbets

sherbets - orbetes; sorbete, polvo acidulado

Of raisin, orange, and pomegranate juice,

raisin - pasas; pasa

squeezed through the rind, which makes it best for use.

squeezed through - colarse por, meterse

rind - costra, piel, corteza

These were ranged round, each in its crystal ewer,

ewer - aguamanil, pichel, jofaina

And fruits, and date-bread loaves closed the repast,

loaves - panes; pan, barra

repast - un banquete

And Mocha's berry, from Arabia pure,

Mocha - moca

berry - baya

Arabia - Arabia

In small fine China cups, came in at last;

Gold cups of filigree made to secure

filigree - filigrana, afiligranar

The hand from burning underneath them placed,

underneath - abajo, por debajo, bajos

Cloves, cinnamon, and saffron too were boil'd

cloves - dientes; clavo

cinnamon - canelo, canela, color canela

Up with the coffee, which (I think) they spoil'd.

The hangings of the room were tapestry, made

hangings - Colgando

tapestry - tapiz

Of velvet panels, each of different hue,

velvet - terciopelo

And thick with damask flowers of silk inlaid;

damask - damasco, adamascar

And round them ran a yellow border too;

The upper border, richly wrought, display'd,

Embroider'd delicately o'er with blue,

embroider - bordar

Soft Persian sentences, in lilac letters,

lilac - lila

From poets, or the moralists their betters.

Moralists - moralistas; moralista

These Oriental writings on the wall,

writings - escritos; (writing) escritos

Quite common in those countries, are a kind

Of monitors adapted to recall,

Like skulls at Memphian banquets, to the mind

Memphian - Memphis

banquets - banquetes; comida festiva, banquete, convite

The words which shook Belshazzar in his hall,

Belshazzar - Belsasar

And took his kingdom from him: You will find,

Though sages may pour out their wisdom's treasure,

There is no sterner moralist than Pleasure.

sterner - más fuerte; severo, austero, serio

moralist - moralista

A beauty at the season's close grown hectic,

A genius who has drunk himself to death,

A rake turn'd methodistic, or Eclectic

methodistic - Metodista

Eclectic - ecléctico, heterogéneo, heteróclito, disparatado

(For that 's the name they like to pray beneath)"

But most, an alderman struck apoplectic,

apoplectic - apopléjico, apoplético

Are things that really take away the breath,"

And show that late hours, wine, and love are able

To do not much less damage than the table.

Haidee and Juan carpeted their feet

On crimson satin, border'd with pale blue;

satin - raso, satén

Their sofa occupied three parts complete

Of the apartment"and appear'd quite new;

The velvet cushions (for a throne more meet)

cushions - cojines; cojín, almohadón, colchón, amortiguante, banda

Were scarlet, from whose glowing centre grew

scarlet - escarlata, escarlatina

A sun emboss'd in gold, whose rays of tissue,

emboss - en relieve

Meridian-like, were seen all light to issue.

meridian - meridiano

Crystal and marble, plate and porcelain,

marble - mármol, canica, balita

porcelain - porcelana, loza

Had done their work of splendour; Indian mats

splendour - esplendor

Indian - indio, hindú, indígena, indio, india

mats - esteras; estera, felpudo

And Persian carpets, which the heart bled to stain,

Over the floors were spread; gazelles and cats,

Gazelles - gacelas; gacela

And dwarfs and blacks, and such like things, that gain

dwarfs - enanos; enano, enano

Their bread as ministers and favourites (that 's

To say, by degradation) mingled there

mingled - mezclados; mezclar

As plentiful as in a court, or fair.

There was no want of lofty mirrors, and

lofty - altivo; majestuoso

The tables, most of ebony inlaid

ebony - ébano, de ébano

With mother of pearl or ivory, stood at hand,

Or were of tortoise-shell or rare woods made,

tortoise-shell - (tortoise-shell) caparazón de tortuga

Fretted with gold or silver:"by command,

fretted - inquieto; preocuparse

The greater part of these were ready spread

With viands and sherbets in ice"and wine"

Kept for all comers at all hours to dine.

Of all the dresses I select Haidee's:

She wore two jelicks"one was of pale yellow;

pale yellow - amarillo pálido

Of azure, pink, and white was her chemise"

'Neath which her breast heaved like a little billow;

With buttons form'd of pearls as large as peas,

peas - Guisantes; (pea) Guisantes

All gold and crimson shone her jelick's fellow,

And the striped white gauze baracan that bound her,

striped - a rayas; franja, raya, línea, lista, galón

gauze - gasa, tela metálico etálica

baracan - Baracán

Like fleecy clouds about the moon, flow'd round her.

One large gold bracelet clasp'd each lovely arm,

bracelet - brazalete, pulsera

Lockless"so pliable from the pure gold

Lockless - Sin cerradura

pliable - plegable, flexible, moldeable, maleable

That the hand stretch'd and shut it without harm,

The limb which it adorn'd its only mould;

So beautiful"its very shape would charm;

And, clinging as if loath to lose its hold,

clinging - aferrándose; engancharse, adherirse

loath - Odiar

The purest ore enclosed the whitest skin

ore - mena, mineral

That e'er by precious metal was held in.

precious metal - metal precioso

Around, as princess of her father's land,

A like gold bar above her instep roll'd

gold bar - lingote de oro

instep - el empeine; empeine

Announced her rank; twelve rings were on her hand;

rings - anillos; anillo

Her hair was starr'd with gems; her veil's fine fold

Below her breast was fasten'd with a band

Of lavish pearls, whose worth could scarce be told;

lavish - lujoso; generoso, pródigo, dadivoso, derrochador

Her orange silk full Turkish trousers furl'd

Turkish trousers - Pantalones turcos

Furl - aferrar, recoger

About the prettiest ankle in the world.

Her hair's long auburn waves down to her heel

Flow'd like an Alpine torrent which the sun

Dyes with his morning light,"and would conceal

Her person if allow'd at large to run,

And still they seem resentfully to feel

resentfully - con resentimiento

The silken fillet's curb, and sought to shun

silken - panish: de seda, sedoso

fillet - filete

shun - rechazar; evitar

Their bonds whene'er some Zephyr caught began

zephyr - céfiro

To offer his young pinion as her fan.

pinion - pinón

Round her she made an atmosphere of life,

The very air seem'd lighter from her eyes,

They were so soft and beautiful, and rife

rife - rifas; extendido, abundante, abundantemente, copiosamente

With all we can imagine of the skies,

And pure as Psyche ere she grew a wife"

Psyche - Psique

Too pure even for the purest human ties;

Her overpowering presence made you feel

It would not be idolatry to kneel.

idolatry - idolatría

kneel - arrodillarse

Her eyelashes, though dark as night, were tinged

eyelashes - pestanas; pestana, abénula

tinged - ing

(It is the country's custom), but in vain;

For those large black eyes were so blackly fringed,

blackly - Ennegrecidamente

fringed - con flecos; orla, extremista, radical, periferia, marginal

The glossy rebels mock'd the jetty stain,

rebels - rebeldes; rebelde

Mock - imitación, burla, simulacro, imitar, remedar, burlar

jetty - embarcadero

And in their native beauty stood avenged:

avenged - vengado; vengar

Her nails were touch'd with henna; but again

henna - panish: t-needed

The power of art was turn'd to nothing, for

They could not look more rosy than before.

The henna should be deeply dyed to make

The skin relieved appear more fairly fair;

She had no need of this, day ne'er will break

On mountain tops more heavenly white than her:

more heavenly - más celestial

The eye might doubt if it were well awake,

She was so like a vision; I might err,

But Shakspeare also says, 'tis very silly

'To gild refined gold, or paint the lily'

gild - dorar

refined - refinado; refinar, perfeccionar

Juan had on a shawl of black and gold,

shawl - un chal; chal, panolón

But a white baracan, and so transparent

The sparkling gems beneath you might behold,

Like small stars through the milky way apparent;

Milky - lechoso

His turban, furl'd in many a graceful fold,

An emerald aigrette with Haidee's hair in 't

emerald - esmeralda

Surmounted as its clasp"a glowing crescent,

Whose rays shone ever trembling, but incessant.

incessant - incesante

And now they were diverted by their suite,

diverted - desviado; desviar, entretener, distraer

Dwarfs, dancing girls, black eunuchs, and a poet,

eunuchs - eunucos; eunuco

Which made their new establishment complete;

establishment - establecimiento, establishment

The last was of great fame, and liked to show it:

His verses rarely wanted their due feet;

And for his theme"he seldom sung below it,

He being paid to satirize or flatter,

satirize - ridiculizar, satirizar

As the psalm says, 'inditing a good matter.'

psalm - salmo

He praised the present, and abused the past,

Reversing the good custom of old days,

An Eastern anti-jacobin at last

He turn'd, preferring pudding to no praise"

pudding - pudin, pudín

For some few years his lot had been o'ercast

ercast - emitir

By his seeming independent in his lays,

But now he sung the Sultan and the Pacha

With truth like Southey, and with verse like Crashaw.

He was a man who had seen many changes,

And always changed as true as any needle;

His polar star being one which rather ranges,

polar star - una estrella polar

And not the fix'd"he knew the way to wheedle:

wheedle - ganar; engatusar, camelar, panish: t-needed

So vile he 'scaped the doom which oft avenges;

scaped - Escape

doom - condenar, danar

avenges - vengar

And being fluent (save indeed when fee'd ill),

fluent - con fluidez; fluido

He lied with such a fervour of intention"

lied - Mentiste

fervour - fervor

There was no doubt he earn'd his laureate pension.

pension - pensión, pensionar

But he had genius,"when a turncoat has it,

Turncoat - tránsfuga, rajeta, veleta, renegado

The 'Vates irritabilis'takes care

That without notice few full moons shall pass it;

Even good men like to make the public stare:"

But to my subject"let me see"what was it?-

O!"the third canto"and the pretty pair"

Their loves, and feasts, and house, and dress, and mode

feasts - iestas; banquete, festín

Of living in their insular abode.

insular - insular

Their poet, a sad trimmer, but no less

In company a very pleasant fellow,

Had been the favourite of full many a mess

Of men, and made them speeches when half mellow;

And though his meaning they could rarely guess,

Yet still they deign'd to hiccup or to bellow

bellow - abajo; bramido, berrido, bramar, berrear

The glorious meed of popular applause,

applause - aplausos; aplauso

Of which the first ne'er knows the second cause.

But now being lifted into high society,

And having pick'd up several odds and ends

Of free thoughts in his travels for variety,

He deem'd, being in a lone isle, among friends,

That, without any danger of a riot, he

Might for long lying make himself amends;

amends - corregir, mejorar, enmendar

And, singing as he sung in his warm youth,

Agree to a short armistice with truth.

Armistice - armisticio

He had travell'd 'mongst the Arabs, Turks, and Franks,

Turks - turcos; turco, turca

Franks - franks; franco

And knew the self-loves of the different nations;

And having lived with people of all ranks,

Had something ready upon most occasions"

Which got him a few presents and some thanks.

He varied with some skill his adulations;

To 'do at Rome as Romans do,'a piece

Rome - Roma

Romans - romanos; romano, romano, romana, Román

Of conduct was which he observed in Greece.

Thus, usually, when he was ask'd to sing,

He gave the different nations something national;

'Twas all the same to him"'God save the king,'

Or 'Ca ira,'according to the fashion all:

His muse made increment of any thing,

From the high lyric down to the low rational:

rational - racional

If Pindar sang horse-races, what should hinder

Pindar - Píndaro

hinder - retrasar; impedir; dificultar

Himself from being as pliable as Pindar?

In France, for instance, he would write a chanson;

In England a six canto quarto tale;

In Spain, he'd make a ballad or romance on

ballad - balada

The last war"much the same in Portugal;

In Germany, the Pegasus he'd prance on

prance - encabritarse

Would be old Goethe's (see what says De Stael);

Goethe - Goethe

In Italy he'd ape the 'Trecentisti;'

ape - simio; mono

In Greece, he sing some sort of hymn like this t'ye:

The isles of Greece, the Isles of Greece!

Where burning Sappho loved and sung,

Where grew the arts of war and peace,

Where Delos rose, and Phoebus sprung!

Eternal summer gilds them yet,

gilds - gildos; dorar

But all, except their sun, is set.

The Scian and the Teian muse,

The hero's harp, the lover's lute,

harp - arpa, harpa

lute - Laúd

Have found the fame your shores refuse;

Their place of birth alone is mute

mute - silencio; mudo

To sounds which echo further west

Than your sires''Islands of the Blest.'

The mountains look on Marathon"

And Marathon looks on the sea;

And musing there an hour alone,

musing - reflexiones; pensativo, contemplativo

I dream'd that Greece might still be free;

For standing on the Persians'grave,

Persians - Persa

I could not deem myself a slave.

A king sate on the rocky brow

Which looks o'er sea-born Salamis;

Salamis - salamis; salami

And ships, by thousands, lay below,

And men in nations;"all were his!

He counted them at break of day"

And when the sun set where were they?

And where are they? and where art thou,

My country? On thy voiceless shore

The heroic lay is tuneless now"

tuneless - Sin melodía

The heroic bosom beats no more!

And must thy lyre, so long divine,

Degenerate into hands like mine?

degenerate - degenerado, depravado, degenerar, degenerarse

'Tis something, in the dearth of fame,

dearth - hambruna, escasez, cortedad

Though link'd among a fetter'd race,

fetter - grillos, pihuelas, or animals, grillos, pihuela

To feel at least a patriot's shame,

patriot - patriota

Even as I sing, suffuse my face;

suffuse - sufusión; repartir

For what is left the poet here?

For Greeks a blush"for Greece a tear.

Must we but weep o'er days more blest?

Must we but blush?"Our fathers bled.

Earth! render back from out thy breast

A remnant of our Spartan dead!

remnant - remanente; resto, restante, reliquia, despojo

Of the three hundred grant but three,

To make a new Thermopylae!

Thermopylae - termopilas; Termópilas

What, silent still? and silent all?

Ah! no;"the voices of the dead

Sound like a distant torrent's fall,

And answer, 'Let one living head,

But one arise,"we come, we come!'

'Tis but the living who are dumb.

In vain"in vain: strike other chords;

chords - acordes; acorde, cuerda

Fill high the cup with Samian wine!

Leave battles to the Turkish hordes,

hordes - hordas; horda

And shed the blood of Scio's vine!

Hark! rising to the ignoble call"

Hark - Oyes

ignoble - innoble

How answers each bold Bacchanal!

You have the Pyrrhic dance as yet,

Where is the Pyrrhic phalanx gone?

phalanx - falange

Of two such lessons, why forget

The nobler and the manlier one?

nobler - más noble; noble

manlier - más hombre; varonil, viril

You have the letters Cadmus gave"

Think ye he meant them for a slave?

Fill high the bowl with Samian wine!

We will not think of themes like these!

It made Anacreon's song divine:

He served"but served Polycrates"

A tyrant; but our masters then

Were still, at least, our countrymen.

countrymen - ompatriotas; paisano, paisana, compatriota, campesino, campesina

The tyrant of the Chersonese

Was freedom's best and bravest friend;

That tyrant was Miltiades!

O! that the present hour would lend

Another despot of the kind!

despot - déspota

Such chains as his were sure to bind.

Fill high the bowl with Samian wine!

On Suli's rock, and Parga's shore,

Exists the remnant of a line

Such as the Doric mothers bore;

Doric - dórico

And there, perhaps, some seed is sown,

sown - sembrado; sembrar

The Heracleidan blood might own.

Trust not for freedom to the Franks"

They have a king who buys and sells;

In native swords, and native ranks,

The only hope of courage dwells;

But Turkish force, and Latin fraud,

Would break your shield, however broad.

shield - escudo

Fill high the bowl with Samian wine!

Our virgins dance beneath the shade"

I see their glorious black eyes shine;

But gazing on each glowing maid,

My own the burning tear-drop laves,

To think such breasts must suckle slaves

suckle - amamantar, mamar

Place me on Sunium's marbled steep,

marbled - marmoleado; mármol, canica, balita

Where nothing, save the waves and I,

May hear our mutual murmurs sweep;

murmurs - murmullos; soplo, murmurar

There, swan-like, let me sing and die:

swan - cisne

A land of slaves shall ne'er be mine"

Dash down yon cup of Samian wine!

Thus sung, or would, or could, or should have sung,

The modern Greek, in tolerable verse;

If not like Orpheus quite, when Greece was young,

Orpheus - Orfeo

Yet in these times he might have done much worse:

His strain display'd some feeling"right or wrong;

And feeling, in a poet, is the source

Of others'feeling; but they are such liars,

liars - mentirosos; mentiroso, mentirosa, embustero, embustera

And take all colours"like the hands of dyers.

dyers - tintoreros; tintorero, tintorera

But words are things, and a small drop of ink,

Falling like dew, upon a thought, produces

That which makes thousands, perhaps millions, think;

'Tis strange, the shortest letter which man uses

Instead of speech, may form a lasting link

Of ages; to what straits old Time reduces

straits - strechos; estrecho, paso, aprieto

Frail man, when paper"even a rag like this,

Survives himself, his tomb, and all that 's his.

And when his bones are dust, his grave a blank,

His station, generation, even his nation,

Become a thing, or nothing, save to rank

In chronological commemoration,

chronological - cronológico

commemoration - conmemoración

Some dull MS. oblivion long has sank,

oblivion - olvido, desmemoria, oscuridad, panish: t-needed

Or graven stone found in a barrack's station

barrack - Barracón

In digging the foundation of a closet,

May turn his name up, as a rare deposit.

And glory long has made the sages smile;

'Tis something, nothing, words, illusion, wind"

Depending more upon the historian's style

Than on the name a person leaves behind:

Troy owes to Homer what whist owes to Hoyle:

The present century was growing blind

To the great Marlborough's skill in giving knocks,

Until his late life by Archdeacon Coxe.

Archdeacon - arcediano, archidiácono

Milton 's the prince of poets"so we say;

A little heavy, but no less divine:

An independent being in his day"

Learn'd, pious, temperate in love and wine;

temperate - templado

But, his life falling into Johnson's way,

Johnson - Juánez

We're told this great high priest of all the Nine

Was whipt at college"a harsh sire"odd spouse,

For the first Mrs. Milton left his house.

All these are, certes, entertaining facts,

Like Shakspeare's stealing deer, Lord Bacon's bribes;

deer - ciervo, venado

bribes - sobornos; soborno, coima, sobornar, cohechar, coimear

Like Titus'youth, and Caesar's earliest acts;

Like Burns (whom Doctor Currie well describes);

Like Cromwell's pranks;"but although truth exacts

pranks - bromas; travesura, broma, inocentada, jugarreta

These amiable descriptions from the scribes,

amiable - amable, afable

scribes - escribanos; escriba, amanuense, escribano, escriba

As most essential to their hero's story,

most essential - lo más esencial

They do not much contribute to his glory.

All are not moralists, like Southey, when

He prated to the world of 'Pantisocracy;'

prated - Idiota

Pantisocracy - Pantisocracia

Or Wordsworth unexcised, unhired, who then

unexcised - sin extirpar

unhired - Sin contratar

Season'd his pedlar poems with democracy;

pedlar - vendedor ambulante

Or Coleridge, long before his flighty pen

flighty - voluble; caprichoso, necio, volador

Let to the Morning Post its aristocracy;

aristocracy - aristocracia

When he and Southey, following the same path,

Espoused two partners (milliners of Bath).

Milliners - ombrerero

Such names at present cut a convict figure,

convict - convicto; condenar

The very Botany Bay in moral geography;

Botany - botánica

Their loyal treason, renegado rigour,

Are good manure for their more bare biography.

manure - cultivar, estercolar, abonar, estiércol, abono

biography - biografía

Wordsworth's last quarto, by the way, is bigger

Than any since the birthday of typography;

typography - tipografía

A drowsy frowzy poem, call'd the 'Excursion.'

drowsy - somnoliento; adormecido, sonoliento, somnífero, soporífero

Writ in a manner which is my aversion.

He there builds up a formidable dyke

dyke - tortillera; dique

Between his own and others'intellect;

intellect - intelecto

But Wordsworth's poem, and his followers, like

Joanna Southcote's Shiloh, and her sect,

sect - secta, culto

Are things which in this century don't strike

The public mind,"so few are the elect;

And the new births of both their stale virginities

stale - duro, rancio, seco

virginities - virginidades; virginidad, doncellez

Have proved but dropsies, taken for divinities.

dropsies - gotas; hidropesía

divinities - divinidades; deidad, divinidad

But let me to my story: I must own,

If I have any fault, it is digression"

digression - intercambio; digresión, divagación

Leaving my people to proceed alone,

While I soliloquize beyond expression;

But these are my addresses from the throne,

Which put off business to the ensuing session:

ensuing - siguiente; seguirse, resultar

Forgetting each omission is a loss to

The world, not quite so great as Ariosto.

I know that what our neighbours call 'longueurs'

longueurs - ongueur

(We've not so good a word, but have the thing

In that complete perfection which ensures

An epic from Bob Southey every spring),

Form not the true temptation which allures

allures - atrae; Attactivo, Encanto

The reader; but 'twould not be hard to bring

Some fine examples of the epopee,

epopee - epopeya

To prove its grand ingredient is ennui.

We learn from Horace, 'Homer sometimes sleeps;'

We feel without him, Wordsworth sometimes wakes,"

To show with what complacency he creeps,

complacency - suficiencia, autocomplacencia

creeps - asquerosos; reptar, hormigueo, fatiga

With his dear 'Waggoners,'around his lakes.

He wishes for 'a boat'to sail the deeps"

Of ocean?"No, of air; and then he makes

Another outcry for 'a little boat,'

outcry - protesta

And drivels seas to set it well afloat.

drivels - Gilipolleces

If he must fain sweep o'er the ethereal plain,

And Pegasus runs restive in his 'Waggon,'

waggon - Vagón

Could he not beg the loan of Charles's Wain?

Charles - Carlos

Or pray Medea for a single dragon?

Dragon - dragón

Or if, too classic for his vulgar brain,

He fear'd his neck to venture such a nag on,

Venture - aventurarse; aventura, arriesgar

Nag - reganar, dar la lata a alguien

And he must needs mount nearer to the moon,

Could not the blockhead ask for a balloon?

blockhead - cabeza de bloque; idiota

'Pedlars,'and 'Boats,'and 'Waggons!'Oh! ye shades

pedlars - vendedor ambulante

waggons - Vagón

Of Pope and Dryden, are we come to this?

That trash of such sort not alone evades

evades - evasa; evadir, soslayar, dar esquinazo, burlar, checkeludir

Contempt, but from the bathos'vast abyss

contempt - desprecio, desdén, desgracia, deshonra, vergüenza, desacato

abyss - abismo, sima

Floats scumlike uppermost, and these Jack Cades

scumlike - Escoria

Jack - Juanito, Jacobo, Santiago

Of sense and song above your graves may hiss"

graves - umbas; tumba

hiss - siseo, sisear

The'little boatman'and his 'Peter Bell'

boatman - barquero, balsero

Can sneer at him who drew 'Achitophel'!

T'our tale."The feast was over, the slaves gone,

The dwarfs and dancing girls had all retired;

The Arab lore and poet's song were done,

lore - saber

And every sound of revelry expired;

The lady and her lover, left alone,

The rosy flood of twilight's sky admired;"

Ave Maria! o'er the earth and sea,

Maria - María; (Marion) María

That heavenliest hour of Heaven is worthiest thee!

heavenliest - más celestial; celestial, celeste

worthiest - Digno

Ave Maria! blessed be the hour!

blessed - bendecido; bendito; (bless) bendecido; bendito

The time, the clime, the spot, where I so oft

Have felt that moment in its fullest power

Sink o'er the earth so beautiful and soft,

While swung the deep bell in the distant tower,

swung - se balanceó; balancear, mecer, columpiar, oscilar, columpio

Or the faint dying day-hymn stole aloft,

And not a breath crept through the rosy air,

And yet the forest leaves seem'd stirr'd with prayer.

Ave Maria! 'tis the hour of prayer!

Ave Maria! 'tis the hour of love!

Ave Maria! may our spirits dare

Look up to thine and to thy Son's above!

Ave Maria! oh that face so fair!

Those downcast eyes beneath the Almighty dove"

Almighty - omnipotente, todopoderoso

What though 'tis but a pictured image?"strike"

That painting is no idol,"'tis too like.

Some kinder casuists are pleased to say,

casuists - casuista

In nameless print"that I have no devotion;

nameless - innominado, sin nombre

But set those persons down with me to pray,

And you shall see who has the properest notion

Of getting into heaven the shortest way;

My altars are the mountains and the ocean,

altars - ltares; altar

Earth, air, stars,"all that springs from the great Whole,

Who hath produced, and will receive the soul.

Sweet hour of twilight!"in the solitude

Of the pine forest, and the silent shore

pine - pino

Which bounds Ravenna's immemorial wood,

Ravenna - Rávena

immemorial - inmemorial

Rooted where once the Adrian wave flow'd o'er,

To where the last Caesarean fortress stood,

Caesarean - Cesárea

Evergreen forest! which Boccaccio's lore

evergreen - perenne; perennifolio

And Dryden's lay made haunted ground to me,

How have I loved the twilight hour and thee!

The shrill cicadas, people of the pine,

shrill - chillón; estridente

cicadas - chicharras; chicharra

Making their summer lives one ceaseless song,

Were the sole echoes, save my steed's and mine,

Echoes - ecos; eco, repercutir, repetir, hacer eco

And vesper bell's that rose the boughs along;

The spectre huntsman of Onesti's line,

spectre - espectro, fantasma

huntsman - Cazador

His hell-dogs, and their chase, and the fair throng

Which learn'd from this example not to fly

From a true lover,"shadow'd my mind's eye.

O, Hesperus! thou bringest all good things"

bringest - ringest

Home to the weary, to the hungry cheer,

weary - cansado, cansino, cansar

To the young bird the parent's brooding wings,

brooding - inquietante; meditativo; (brood); cría, polluelo, prole

The welcome stall to the o'erlabour'd steer;

erlabour - rlabour

steer - buey

Whate'er of peace about our hearthstone clings,

clings - se aferra; engancharse, adherirse

Whate'er our household gods protect of dear,

Are gather'd round us by thy look of rest;

Thou bring'st the child, too, to the mother's breast.

Soft hour! which wakes the wish and melts the heart

Of those who sail the seas, on the first day

When they from their sweet friends are torn apart;

Or fills with love the pilgrim on his way

pilgrim - peregrino, colonista

As the far bell of vesper makes him start,

Seeming to weep the dying day's decay;

decay - decadencia; descomposición, deterioración, putrefacción

Is this a fancy which our reason scorns?

scorns - desprecios; despreciar, desdenar, menospreciar, rechazar

Ah! surely nothing dies but something mourns!

mourns - lamentar, estar de luto

When Nero perish'd by the justest doom

Which ever the destroyer yet destroy'd,

destroyer - destructor

Amidst the roar of liberated Rome,

liberated - liberado; liberar

Of nations freed, and the world overjoy'd,

overjoy - alegría

Some hands unseen strew'd flowers upon his tomb:

Perhaps the weakness of a heart not void

void - vacío; nulo

Of feeling for some kindness done, when power

kindness - amabilidad, bondad

Had left the wretch an uncorrupted hour.

uncorrupted - incorrupto

But I'm digressing; what on earth has Nero,

digressing - interviniendo; desviarse

Or any such like sovereign buffoons,

sovereign - soberano

buffoons - bufones; bufón, panish: t-needed

To do with the transactions of my hero,

transactions - transacciones; transacción

More than such madmen's fellow man"the moon's?

madmen - locos; loco

Sure my invention must be down at zero,

And I grown one of many 'wooden spoons'

Of verse (the name with which we Cantabs please

Cantabs - Cántabro

To dub the last of honours in degrees).

Dub - doblar

I feel this tediousness will never do"

tediousness - tedio; prolijidad

'Tis being too epic, and I must cut down

(In copying) this long canto into two;

They'll never find it out, unless I own

The fact, excepting some experienced few;

And then as an improvement 'twill be shown:

I'll prove that such the opinion of the critic is

From Aristotle passim."See poietikes.


Nothing so difficult as a beginning

In poesy, unless perhaps the end;

For oftentimes when Pegasus seems winning

oftentimes - a menudo; frecuentemente, reiteradamente, repetidamente

The race, he sprains a wing, and down we tend,

sprains - esguinces; torcer, esguinzar, hacerse una esguince, torcedura

Like Lucifer when hurl'd from heaven for sinning;

Lucifer - Lucifer, lucero, lucífero

Our sin the same, and hard as his to mend,

Being pride, which leads the mind to soar too far,

Till our own weakness shows us what we are.

But Time, which brings all beings to their level,

And sharp Adversity, will teach at last

adversity - adversidad

Man,"and, as we would hope,"perhaps the devil,

That neither of their intellects are vast:

intellects - inteligencias; intelecto

While youth's hot wishes in our red veins revel,

We know not this"the blood flows on too fast;

But as the torrent widens towards the ocean,

We ponder deeply on each past emotion.

As boy, I thought myself a clever fellow,

And wish'd that others held the same opinion;

They took it up when my days grew more mellow,

And other minds acknowledged my dominion:

dominion - dominio

Now my sere fancy 'falls into the yellow

Leaf,'and Imagination droops her pinion,

And the sad truth which hovers o'er my desk

hovers - se cierne; cerner, dudar, hesitar, vacilar

Turns what was once romantic to burlesque.

And if I laugh at any mortal thing,

'Tis that I may not weep; and if I weep,

'Tis that our nature cannot always bring

Itself to apathy, for we must steep

apathy - apatía

Our hearts first in the depths of Lethe's spring,

Lethe - Lete, Leteo

Ere what we least wish to behold will sleep:

Thetis baptized her mortal son in Styx;

Thetis - Tetis

Styx - Estigia, Estix, Estige

A mortal mother would on Lethe fix.

Some have accused me of a strange design

Against the creed and morals of the land,

And trace it in this poem every line:

I don't pretend that I quite understand

My own meaning when I would be very fine;

But the fact is that I have nothing plann'd,

Unless it were to be a moment merry,

A novel word in my vocabulary.

vocabulary - vocabulario, léxico

To the kind reader of our sober clime

This way of writing will appear exotic;

Pulci was sire of the half-serious rhyme,

Who sang when chivalry was more Quixotic,

And revell'd in the fancies of the time,

True knights, chaste dames, huge giants, kings despotic:

Knights - caballeros; caballero

despotic - déspota; despótico

But all these, save the last, being obsolete,

obsolete - obsoleto

I chose a modern subject as more meet.

How I have treated it, I do not know;

Perhaps no better than they have treated me

Who have imputed such designs as show

imputed - imputado; imputar

Not what they saw, but what they wish'd to see:

But if it gives them pleasure, be it so;

This is a liberal age, and thoughts are free:

liberal - liberal, liberal, libertario, libertaria

Meantime Apollo plucks me by the ear,

Apollo - apolo

plucks - herir, desplumar, perseverancia

And tells me to resume my story here.

Young Juan and his lady-love were left

To their own hearts'most sweet society;

Even Time the pitiless in sorrow cleft

With his rude scythe such gentle bosoms; he

scythe - guadana; guadana, guadanar

Sigh'd to behold them of their hours bereft,

Though foe to love; and yet they could not be

Meant to grow old, but die in happy spring,

Before one charm or hope had taken wing.

Their faces were not made for wrinkles, their

wrinkles - arrugas; arruga

Pure blood to stagnate, their great hearts to fail;

stagnate - se estanca; estancar

The blank grey was not made to blast their hair,

But like the climes that know nor snow nor hail

hail - granizo

They were all summer: lightning might assail

And shiver them to ashes, but to trail

trail - seguir, arrastrar, rastro, pista, sendero

A long and snake-like life of dull decay

Was not for them"they had too little day.

They were alone once more; for them to be

Thus was another Eden; they were never

Weary, unless when separate: the tree

Cut from its forest root of years"the river

Damm'd from its fountain"the child from the knee

fountain - fuente, chafariz, fontana

And breast maternal wean'd at once for ever,"

maternal - maternal, materno

Would wither less than these two torn apart;

Alas! there is no instinct like the heart"

instinct - instinto

The heart"which may be broken: happy they!

Thrice fortunate! who of that fragile mould,

thrice - tres veces; tres vez

fragile - frágil

The precious porcelain of human clay,

Break with the first fall: they can ne'er behold

The long year link'd with heavy day on day,

And all which must be borne, and never told;

While life's strange principle will often lie

Deepest in those who long the most to die.

'Whom the gods love die young,'was said of yore,

And many deaths do they escape by this:

The death of friends, and that which slays even more"

slays - matar

The death of friendship, love, youth, all that is,

Except mere breath; and since the silent shore

Awaits at last even those who longest miss

The old archer's shafts, perhaps the early grave

Archer - arquero; (arch) arquero

shafts - ejes; asta, astil, haz, rayo, vara, barra

Which men weep over may be meant to save.

Haidee and Juan thought not of the dead"

The heavens, and earth, and air, seem'd made for them:

They found no fault with Time, save that he fled;

They saw not in themselves aught to condemn:

aught - Algo

Each was the other's mirror, and but read

Joy sparkling in their dark eyes like a gem,

gem - joya, alhaja, piedra preciosa, gema

And knew such brightness was but the reflection

brightness - brillo

Of their exchanging glances of affection.

The gentle pressure, and the thrilling touch,

The least glance better understood than words,

Which still said all, and ne'er could say too much;

A language, too, but like to that of birds,

Known but to them, at least appearing such

As but to lovers a true sense affords;

Sweet playful phrases, which would seem absurd

absurd - absurdo, absurdo

To those who have ceased to hear such, or ne'er heard,"

All these were theirs, for they were children still,

And children still they should have ever been;

They were not made in the real world to fill

A busy character in the dull scene,

But like two beings born from out a rill,

A nymph and her beloved, all unseen

nymph - ninfa

To pass their lives in fountains and on flowers,

fountains - fuentes; fuente, chafariz, fontana

And never know the weight of human hours.

Moons changing had roll'd on, and changeless found

Changeless - Sin cambios

Those their bright rise had lighted to such joys

As rarely they beheld throughout their round;

And these were not of the vain kind which cloys,

cloys - Dulce

For theirs were buoyant spirits, never bound

buoyant - boyante

By the mere senses; and that which destroys

Most love, possession, unto them appear'd

A thing which each endearment more endear'd.

endearment - arino; encarinamiento, carino, ternura, afecto

O beautiful! and rare as beautiful

But theirs was love in which the mind delights

To lose itself when the old world grows dull,

And we are sick of its hack sounds and sights,

hack - cortar, tajar

Intrigues, adventures of the common school,

intrigues - intrigas; intriga, argumento, intrigar

Its petty passions, marriages, and flights,

Where Hymen's torch but brands one strumpet more,

torch - antorcha, incendiar

strumpet - zorra; puta, golfa, ramera

Whose husband only knows her not a wh"re.

Hard words; harsh truth; a truth which many know.

Enough."The faithful and the fairy pair,

Who never found a single hour too slow,

What was it made them thus exempt from care?

exempt - exento

Young innate feelings all have felt below,

innate - natural; innato

Which perish in the rest, but in them were

Inherent"what we mortals call romantic,

And always envy, though we deem it frantic.

frantic - frenético

This is in others a factitious state,

An opium dream of too much youth and reading,

opium - opio, anfión

But was in them their nature or their fate:

No novels e'er had set their young hearts bleeding,

For Haidee's knowledge was by no means great,

And Juan was a boy of saintly breeding;

saintly - Santo

So that there was no reason for their loves

More than for those of nightingales or doves.

nightingales - los ruisenores; ruisenor

doves - palomas; paloma

They gazed upon the sunset; 'tis an hour

Dear unto all, but dearest to their eyes,

For it had made them what they were: the power

Of love had first o'erwhelm'd them from such skies,

When happiness had been their only dower,

And twilight saw them link'd in passion's ties;

Charm'd with each other, all things charm'd that brought

The past still welcome as the present thought.

I know not why, but in that hour to-night,

Even as they gazed, a sudden tremor came,

tremor - temblor, terremoto

And swept, as 'twere, across their hearts'delight,

Like the wind o'er a harp-string, or a flame,

When one is shook in sound, and one in sight;

And thus some boding flash'd through either frame,

boding - Presagio; (bod) Presagio

And call'd from Juan's breast a faint low sigh,

While one new tear arose in Haidee's eye.

That large black prophet eye seem'd to dilate

prophet - profeta, profetisa

dilate - dilatar, dilatarse

And follow far the disappearing sun,

As if their last day! of a happy date

With his broad, bright, and dropping orb were gone;

orb - Orbita

Juan gazed on her as to ask his fate"

He felt a grief, but knowing cause for none,

His glance inquired of hers for some excuse

For feelings causeless, or at least abstruse.

She turn'd to him, and smiled, but in that sort

Which makes not others smile; then turn'd aside:

Whatever feeling shook her, it seem'd short,

And master'd by her wisdom or her pride;

When Juan spoke, too"it might be in sport"

Of this their mutual feeling, she replied"

'If it should be so,"but"it cannot be"

Or I at least shall not survive to see.'

Juan would question further, but she press'd

His lip to hers, and silenced him with this,

And then dismiss'd the omen from her breast,

Defying augury with that fond kiss;

defying - desafiando; desafiar, desobedecer, renunciar

augury - augurio, presagio, agüero

And no doubt of all methods 'tis the best:

Some people prefer wine"'tis not amiss;

I have tried both; so those who would a part take

May choose between the headache and the heartache.

One of the two, according to your choice,

Woman or wine, you'll have to undergo;

Both maladies are taxes on our joys:

But which to choose, I really hardly know;

And if I had to give a casting voice,

For both sides I could many reasons show,

And then decide, without great wrong to either,

It were much better to have both than neither.

Juan and Haidee gazed upon each other

With swimming looks of speechless tenderness,

Which mix'd all feelings, friend, child, lover, brother,

All that the best can mingle and express

mingle - mezclarse; mezclar

When two pure hearts are pour'd in one another,

And love too much, and yet can not love less;

But almost sanctify the sweet excess

sanctify - santificar

excess - exceso, deducible, franquicia, excesivo

By the immortal wish and power to bless.

Mix'd in each other's arms, and heart in heart,

Why did they not then die?"they had lived too long

Should an hour come to bid them breathe apart;

Years could but bring them cruel things or wrong;

The world was not for them, nor the world's art

For beings passionate as Sappho's song;

Love was born with them, in them, so intense,

It was their very spirit"not a sense.

They should have lived together deep in woods,

Unseen as sings the nightingale; they were

nightingale - un ruisenor; ruisenor

Unfit to mix in these thick solitudes

unfit - incapaz; impropio

solitudes - soledades; soledad, solitud

Call'd social, haunts of Hate, and Vice, and Care:

haunts - recuerdos; frecuentar, espantar, desasosegar, inquietar

How lonely every freeborn creature broods!

freeborn - nacido libre

broods - cría, polluelo, prole, empollar, proteger

The sweetest song-birds nestle in a pair;

nestle - acomodarse, acurrucarse

The eagle soars alone; the gull and crow

eagle - águila

gull - gaviota

Flock o'er their carrion, just like men below.

carrion - carrona; carrona

Now pillow'd cheek to cheek, in loving sleep,

Haidee and Juan their siesta took,

siesta - siesta

A gentle slumber, but it was not deep,

For ever and anon a something shook

Juan, and shuddering o'er his frame would creep;

shuddering - Temblores; (shudder); escalofrío

And Haidee's sweet lips murmur'd like a brook

A wordless music, and her face so fair

Stirr'd with her dream, as rose-leaves with the air.

Or as the stirring of a deep dear stream

stirring of - remover, mezclar

Within an Alpine hollow, when the wind

Walks o'er it, was she shaken by the dream,

The mystical usurper of the mind"

usurper - usurpador

O'erpowering us to be whate'er may seem

Good to the soul which we no more can bind;

Strange state of being! (for 'tis still to be)

Senseless to feel, and with seal'd eyes to see.

She dream'd of being alone on the sea-shore,

Chain'd to a rock; she knew not how, but stir

She could not from the spot, and the loud roar

Grew, and each wave rose roughly, threatening her;

And o'er her upper lip they seem'd to pour,

Until she sobb'd for breath, and soon they were

Foaming o'er her lone head, so fierce and high"

foaming - Espumante; (foam); espuma, espumar

fierce - fiero, feroz, enconado

Each broke to drown her, yet she could not die.

Anon"she was released, and then she stray'd

stray - perderte; extraviarse, perderse

O'er the sharp shingles with her bleeding feet,

shingles - tejas; guijarro

And stumbled almost every step she made;

And something roll'd before her in a sheet,

Which she must still pursu