Gulliver - Gulliver

several - plusieurs

remote - a distance, distant, éloigné, télécommande

nations - nations, nation

Jonathan - jonathan

swift - rapide, martinet, dévidoir

A LETTER FROM CAPTAIN GULLIVER TO HIS COUSIN SYMPSON.

captain - capitaine, capitaine de vaisseau, agir en capitaine, piloter

Written in the Year 1727.

I hope you will be ready to own publicly, whenever you shall be called to it, that by your great and frequent urgency you prevailed on me to publish a very loose and uncorrect account of my travels, with directions to hire some young gentleman of either university to put them in order, and correct the style, as my cousin Dampier did, by my advice, in his book called "A Voyage round the world.

publicly - publiquement

whenever - chaque fois que

shall - doit, rench: 'shall' followed by the infinitive is translated using the future tense'

frequent - fréquents, fréquenter

urgency - l'urgence, urgence

prevailed - a prévalu, dominer, prévaloir, l'emporter, prédominer

publish - publier

loose - en vrac, ample, desserré

uncorrect - pas correct

account - compte, supputation, demande

directions - des directions, direction

hire - embaucher, louer

gentleman - gentilhomme, monsieur, messieurs

either - chaque, non plus, ou, soit

Voyage - voyage

round - ronde, cyclo, arrondissent, arrondis, arrondir

" But I do not remember I gave you power to consent that any thing should be omitted, and much less that any thing should be inserted; therefore, as to the latter, I do here renounce every thing of that kind; particularly a paragraph about her majesty Queen Anne, of most pious and glorious memory; although I did reverence and esteem her more than any of human species.

power - pouvoir, puissance, électricité, courant, alimenter

consent - consentir, approuver, agréer, consentement, approbation

omitted - omis, omettre

inserted - inséré, insérer, introduire, insinuer, in texte, illustration

therefore - par conséquent, en conséquence, donc, pour ça

renounce - renoncer

particularly - en particulier

Majesty - majesté

Queen - la reine, reine, dame, folle, chatte, promouvoir, mener a dame

pious - pieux

glorious - glorieux, splendide

memory - mémoire, souvenir

although - bien que, combien que, encore que, nonobstant que

reverence - révérence

esteem - estime, respect, respecter

human - humain

But you, or your interpolator, ought to have considered, that it was not my inclination, so was it not decent to praise any animal of our composition before my master Houyhnhnm: And besides, the fact was altogether false; for to my knowledge, being in England during some part of her majesty's reign, she did govern by a chief minister; nay even by two successively, the first whereof was the lord of Godolphin, and the second the lord of Oxford; so that you have made me say the thing that was not. Likewise in the account of the academy of projectors, and several passages of my discourse to my master Houyhnhnm, you have either omitted some material circumstances, or minced or changed them in such a manner, that I do hardly know my own work. When I formerly hinted to you something of this in a letter, you were pleased to answer that you were afraid of giving offence; that people in power were very watchful over the press, and apt not only to interpret, but to punish every thing which looked like an innuendo (as I think you call it). But, pray how could that which I spoke so many years ago, and at about five thousand leagues distance, in another reign, be applied to any of the Yahoos, who now are said to govern the herd; especially at a time when I little thought, or feared, the unhappiness of living under them? Have not I the most reason to complain, when I see these very Yahoos carried by Houyhnhnms in a vehicle, as if they were brutes, and those the rational creatures? And indeed to avoid so monstrous and detestable a sight was one principal motive of my retirement hither.

interpolator - interpolateur

considered - envisagée, considérer, examiner, réfléchir, songer

inclination - inclinaison, checktendance

decent - integre, décent, substantiel

Praise - des louanges, louange, louer, féliciter, prôner, vénérer

composition - composition, ouvre

Master - maître, patron, maîtriser, maitre, maîtrisent

Houyhnhnm - Houyhnhnm

besides - d'ailleurs, aupres

altogether - tout a fait, completement, en meme temps, quoi qu'il en soit

my knowledge - mes connaissances

reign - regne, regne, régner

govern - gouverner

chief - chef

minister - ministre, ministériel

Nay - nay, ou plutôt, voire, que dis-je

successively - successivement

whereof - de quoi s'agit-il, dont

Lord - châtelain, seigneur, monsieur

Oxford - oxford

likewise - de meme

Academy - académie

projectors - des projecteurs, projecteur

passages - passages, passage

discourse - discours, conversation, checkdiscussion, checkexposé

material - matériel, matériau, matiere, étoffe, tissu

circumstances - circonstances, circonstance

minced - haché, hachis, viande hachée, hacher

such - tel, tellement, ainsi

manner - maniere, maniere, façon, mode

hardly - a peine, dur, durement, guere, a peine

Formerly - auparavant, autrefois, anciennement

hinted - a fait allusion, indication, soupçon, faire allusion

offence - offense, insulte

watchful - attentif, vigilant

press - presse, pressons, serre, pressent, pressez, serrer

apt - apt, doué

Interpret - interpréter, traduire

punish - punir, châtier

innuendo - insinuations, insinuation, sous-entendu

Pray - prier, prions, priez, prient

leagues - ligues, ligue

distance - distance, éloigner, checks'éloigner

applied - appliquée, appliquer (sur)

herd - troupeau

especially - spécialement, particulierement, surtout, en particulier

feared - craint, peur

unhappiness - le malheur, tristesse, malheur

complain - se plaindre, porter plainte

vehicle - véhicule, moyen de transport

brutes - brutes, bete, brutal

those - ceux-ci, ces, celles-la, ceux-la

rational - rationnelle, rationnel

creatures - créatures, créature, etre

indeed - certainement, vraiment, en effet, bien sur, certes

avoid - éviter, fuir

monstrous - monstrueux

detestable - détestable

sight - vue, quelque chose a voir, truc a voir, mire, viseur

principal - principal, directeur, directrice

motive - motif, mobile, theme, motiver, moteur, mouvant

retirement - la retraite, retraite

hither - ici, ça

Thus much I thought proper to tell you in relation to yourself, and to the trust I reposed in you.

thus - donc, ainsi, tellement, pour cette raison, également

proper - appropriée, approprié, convenable, exact, juste, propre

relation - relation, parent, parente

trust - confiance, trust, faire confiance, avoir foi en quelqu’un

reposed - reposé, repos

I do, in the next place, complain of my own great want of judgment, in being prevailed upon by the entreaties and false reasoning of you and some others, very much against my own opinion, to suffer my travels to be published.

judgment - jugement, sentence, verdict, jugement dernier

upon - sur, a

entreaties - des supplications, supplication

against - contre, face a, pour

suffer - souffrir, souffrir de, pâtir de, endurer, supporter, subir

published - publié, publier

Pray bring to your mind how often I desired you to consider, when you insisted on the motive of public good, that the Yahoos were a species of animals utterly incapable of amendment by precept or example: and so it has proved; for, instead of seeing a full stop put to all abuses and corruptions, at least in this little island, as I had reason to expect; behold, after above six months warning, I cannot learn that my book has produced one single effect according to my intentions. I desired you would let me know, by a letter, when party and faction were extinguished; judges learned and upright; pleaders honest and modest, with some tincture of common sense, and Smithfield blazing with pyramids of law books; the young nobility's education entirely changed; the physicians banished; the female Yahoos abounding in virtue, honour, truth, and good sense; courts and levees of great ministers thoroughly weeded and swept; wit, merit, and learning rewarded; all disgracers of the press in prose and verse condemned to eat nothing but their own cotton, and quench their thirst with their own ink. These, and a thousand other reformations, I firmly counted upon by your encouragement; as indeed they were plainly deducible from the precepts delivered in my book. And it must be owned, that seven months were a sufficient time to correct every vice and folly to which Yahoos are subject, if their natures had been capable of the least disposition to virtue or wisdom. Yet, so far have you been from answering my expectation in any of your letters; that on the contrary you are loading our carrier every week with libels, and keys, and reflections, and memoirs, and second parts; wherein I see myself accused of reflecting upon great state folk; of degrading human nature (for so they have still the confidence to style it), and of abusing the female sex. I find likewise that the writers of those bundles are not agreed among themselves; for some of them will not allow me to be the author of my own travels; and others make me author of books to which I am wholly a stranger.

mind - l'esprit, esprit, raison, intelligence, mémoire

desired - souhaitée, désirer, désir

Consider - envisager, considérer, examiner, réfléchir, songer

insisted - insisté, insister

public - public

utterly - tout a fait

incapable - incapable

amendment - amendement, avenant

proved - prouvé, prouver

instead - a la place, a la place, au lieu de

abuses - abus, abuser (de)

corruptions - corruptions, corruption, pourriture, concussion

behold - regarder, voir, observer, voici, voila

warning - l'avertissement, avertissement, attention, (warn), avertir

produced - produit, produire, produits-p

single - seul, célibataire f, célibataire, simple

effect - effet, effets, effectuer

according - selon, entente, accorder

intentions - intentions, intention

faction - faction, parti

extinguished - éteinte, éteindre

judges - juges, juger

upright - debout, integre, montant

honest - honnete, honnete, (hon) honnete

modest - modeste, (mod)

tincture - teinture, rench: t-needed r

sense - sens, acception, sentir

blazing - flamboyant, feu, embrasement

wit - wit, esprit

pyramids - les pyramides, pyramide

law - loi

nobility - la noblesse, noblesse

education - l'éducation, éducation, enseignement

entirely - entierement, entierement, entierement (1)

physicians - médecins, médecin, femme médecin, docteur

banished - banni, bannir

female - femelle

abounding - abondante, foisonner, abonder

virtue - la vertu, vertu

honour - l'honneur, honorer

truth - la vérité, vérité

Courts - les tribunaux, cour, tribunal

ministers - ministres, ministre

thoroughly - a fond, absolument, completement

weeded - désherbé, mauvaise herbe

swept - balayé, balayer, balayage

merit - mérite, mériter

rewarded - récompensée, récompense

prose - prose

verse - vers, strophe

condemned - condamnée, condamner, déclarer coupable

cotton - coton

quench - apaiser, étancher, rassasier, désaltérer, éteindre, tremper

thirst - soif, avoir soif, désirer

ink - encre

counted - compté, comte

encouragement - d'encouragement, encouragement

plainly - en toute clarté, simplement, clairement

deducible - déductible

precepts - préceptes, précepte

delivered - livrée, accoucher, livrer, remettre

sufficient - suffisante, suffisant

vice - vice, vertu

folly - folie, sottise

natures - natures, nature

disposition - disposition, tempérament

wisdom - la sagesse, sagesse

expectation - attentes, attente

contrary - contraire, contrepied

loading - chargement, charge, rench: t-needed r, (load)

carrier - transporteur, porteuse

libels - des libelles, calomnie écrite, libelle

reflections - réflexions, réflexion, reflet, qualifiereaning 4

Memoirs - mémoires, mémoires-p

wherein - ou

myself - moi-meme, me, m'

accused - accusé, accuser

reflecting - réfléchissant, refléter, réfléchir

state - l'État

folk - folklorique, populaire, peuple

confidence - assurance, confiance en soi, confiance, confidence

abusing - abuser (de)

sex - le sexe, sexe

bundles - des liasses, faisceau, fagot, paquet, ballot (of goods)

among themselves - entre eux

allow - laisser, accorder, permettre

author - auteur, auteure, autrice, écrire, créer

wholly - entierement

Stranger - étranger, (strang) étranger

I find likewise that your printer has been so careless as to confound the times, and mistake the dates, of my several voyages and returns; neither assigning the true year, nor the true month, nor day of the month: and I hear the original manuscript is all destroyed since the publication of my book; neither have I any copy left: however, I have sent you some corrections, which you may insert, if ever there should be a second edition: and yet I cannot stand to them; but shall leave that matter to my judicious and candid readers to adjust it as they please.

printer - imprimeur, imprimeuse, imprimante, (print), imprimer, imprimé

careless - négligent, étourdi, distrait

voyages - voyages, voyage

neither - ni l'un ni l'autre, aucun des deux, ni X ni Y, non plus

assigning - l'affectation, désigner, assigner, attribuer

nor - ni, NON-OU

original - originel, original

manuscript - manuscrit

destroyed - détruite, détruire, euthanasier

Since - depuis lors, depuis, depuis que, puisque, vu que

publication - publication

copy - copie, exemplaire, copier, imiter, recevoir

corrections - corrections, correction, rectification

insert - insérer, introduire, insinuer, in texte, illustration, encart

edition - édition

matter - matiere, matiere, affaire, question, cause, substance

judicious - judicieux

candid - sincere, spontané, candide

adjust - ajuster

I hear some of our sea Yahoos find fault with my sea-language, as not proper in many parts, nor now in use. I cannot help it. In my first voyages, while I was young, I was instructed by the oldest mariners, and learned to speak as they did.

find fault with - trouver a redire

in use - en cours d'utilisation

instructed - instruit, instruire, enseigner, apprendre

mariners - marins, marin

But I have since found that the sea Yahoos are apt, like the land ones, to become new-fangled in their words, which the latter change every year; insomuch, as I remember upon each return to my own country their old dialect was so altered, that I could hardly understand the new.

insomuch - a l'insu de tous

dialect - dialecte, patois

altered - modifié, transformer, changer, altérer

And I observe, when any Yahoo comes from London out of curiosity to visit me at my house, we neither of us are able to deliver our conceptions in a manner intelligible to the other.

observe - observer, remarquer, respecter, garder

Yahoo - Yahoo

curiosity - curiosité

deliver - accoucher, livrer, remettre

conceptions - conceptions, conception

intelligible - intelligible

If the censure of the Yahoos could any way affect me, I should have great reason to complain, that some of them are so bold as to think my book of travels a mere fiction out of mine own brain, and have gone so far as to drop hints, that the Houyhnhnms and Yahoos have no more existence than the inhabitants of Utopia.

censure - censure, décrier, checkcensurer

affect - affecter, affectez, influer, concernent, affectons

bold - audacieux, gros, épais

mere - simple

fiction - fiction, belles-lettres

mine - la mienne, mienne, miniere

brain - cerveau, or when used as food, tete, processeur

drop - chute, goutte, tomber

hints - indices, indication, soupçon, faire allusion

existence - l'existence, existence

inhabitants - habitants, habitant, habitante, résident, résidente

Utopia - l'utopie, utopie

Indeed I must confess, that as to the people of Lilliput, Brobdingrag (for so the word should have been spelt, and not erroneously Brobdingnag), and Laputa, I have never yet heard of any Yahoo so presumptuous as to dispute their being, or the facts I have related concerning them; because the truth immediately strikes every reader with conviction.

confess - avouer, confesser

Lilliput - Lilliput

erroneously - a tort

presumptuous - présomptueux

dispute - dispute, litige, discuter, argumenter, évaluer, contester

related - en rapport, raconter, relater

concerning - concernant, inquiétude, souci, soin, préoccupation

immediately - immédiatement, tout de suite, aussitôt

strikes - greves, biffer, rayer, barrer, frapper, battre

And is there less probability in my account of the Houyhnhnms or Yahoos, when it is manifest as to the latter, there are so many thousands even in this country, who only differ from their brother brutes in Houyhnhnmland, because they use a sort of jabber, and do not go naked? I wrote for their amendment, and not their approbation.

probability - probabilité

manifest - manifeste, bordereau, profession de foi, proclamation

differ - different, différer, séparer

sort - tri, assortir, esrece, assortis, sorte

jabber - jabber, bredouiller

naked - nue, nu, a poil, dénudé

approbation - approbation

The united praise of the whole race would be of less consequence to me, than the neighing of those two degenerate Houyhnhnms I keep in my stable; because from these, degenerate as they are, I still improve in some virtues without any mixture of vice.

United - unis, unir

race - course, race

consequence - conséquence

neighing - hennissement, hennir

degenerate - dégradé, dégénéré, dépravé, dégénérer

stable - étable, écurie, stable, ferme

virtues - vertus, vertu

mixture - mélange, mixture

Do these miserable animals presume to think, that I am so degenerated as to defend my veracity?

miserable - misérable

presume - présumer, supposer

degenerated - dégénéré, dégradé

defend - défendre

veracity - véracité, vérité, exactitude

Yahoo as I am, it is well known through all Houyhnhnmland, that, by the instructions and example of my illustrious master, I was able in the compass of two years (although I confess with the utmost difficulty) to remove that infernal habit of lying, shuffling, deceiving, and equivocating, so deeply rooted in the very souls of all my species; especially the Europeans.

instructions - instructions, instruction

illustrious - illustre

compass - boussole, compas

utmost - le plus important, extreme, plus grand, supreme, maximum

difficulty - difficulté

remove - supprimer, enlever

infernal - infernal

habit - habitude, configuration

lying - gisant, sis, mentant, (lie) gisant

shuffling - le brassage, (shuffle), battage, battre, mélanger

deceiving - trompeuse, tromper, leurrer, séduire

deeply - profondément

rooted - enraciné, racine

souls - âmes, âme

Europeans - les européens, européen, Européenne

I have other complaints to make upon this vexatious occasion; but I forbear troubling myself or you any further.

complaints - plaintes, plainte, réclamation, porter plainte

vexatious - vexatoire

Occasion - occasion

forbear - s'abstenir

troubling - troublant, génant, (trouble), peine, mal, probleme, emmerde

further - encourager, ultérieur, plus loin, de plus, (furth)

I must freely confess, that since my last return, some corruptions of my Yahoo nature have revived in me by conversing with a few of your species, and particularly those of my own family, by an unavoidable necessity; else I should never have attempted so absurd a project as that of reforming the Yahoo race in this kingdom: But I have now done with all such visionary schemes for ever.

freely - librement

Last - derniere, dernier, durer, dernierere, durez, passé, durent

nature - nature

conversing - en train de converser, converser

unavoidable - inévitable

necessity - nécessité, besoin

attempted - tenté, tenter, essayer, tentative, attentat

absurd - absurde

reforming - réformer, réforme

Kingdom - royaume, regne

visionary - visionnaire, illusoire, imaginaire, prophétique, utopique

schemes - des schémas, plan, combine, machination, schéma

for ever - pour toujours

April 2, 1727

PART I. A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT.

CHAPTER I.

Chapter - chapitre, branche, section

The author gives some account of himself and family. His first inducements to travel. He is shipwrecked, and swims for his life. Gets safe on shore in the country of Lilliput; is made a prisoner, and carried up the country.

shipwrecked - naufragés, épave, naufrage, naufrager

safe - sur, en sécurité, o longer in danger, sans danger, sur, sauf

on shore - sur le rivage

prisoner - prisonnier, prisonniere

My father had a small estate in Nottinghamshire: I was the third of five sons. He sent me to Emanuel College in Cambridge at fourteen years old, where I resided three years, and applied myself close to my studies; but the charge of maintaining me, although I had a very scanty allowance, being too great for a narrow fortune, I was bound apprentice to Mr.

estate - patrimoine, noblesse, proprieté, biens, domaine, propriété

third - troisieme, troisieme, trois, tiers, tierce

Cambridge - cambridge, l'université de Cambridge

resided - a résidé, habiter, résider, demeurer

charge - frais, charge, chef d’accusation, chef d’inculpation, meuble

maintaining - le maintien, entretenir, maintenir

scanty - maigre, insuffisant

allowance - l'allocation, indemnité, jeu

narrow - étroite, pressé, étroit

Fortune - la fortune, destin, bonne chance, fortune

bound - lié, entrain, (bind), lier, attacher, nouer, connecter, coupler

apprentice - apprenti

Mr - monsieur

James Bates, an eminent surgeon in London, with whom I continued four years. My father now and then sending me small sums of money, I laid them out in learning navigation, and other parts of the mathematics, useful to those who intend to travel, as I always believed it would be, some time or other, my fortune to do. When I left Mr.

James - james, Jacques

surgeon - chirurgien, chirurgienne

whom - que, qui

continued - suite, continuer

sums - sommes, somme

laid - posé, poser

navigation - navigation

intend - l'intention de, avoir l'intention, envisager, concevoir

Bates, I went down to my father: where, by the assistance of him and my uncle John, and some other relations, I got forty pounds, and a promise of thirty pounds a year to maintain me at Leyden: there I studied physic two years and seven months, knowing it would be useful in long voyages.

assistance - l'assistance, assistance

relations - relations, relation, parent, parente

promise - vou, promesse, promettre

maintain - entretenir, maintenir

Leyden - Leyde

physic - physique

Soon after my return from Leyden, I was recommended by my good master, Mr. Bates, to be surgeon to the Swallow, Captain Abraham Pannel, commander; with whom I continued three years and a half, making a voyage or two into the Levant, and some other parts. When I came back I resolved to settle in London; to which Mr. Bates, my master, encouraged me, and by him I was recommended to several patients.

recommended - recommandé, recommander, adviser, fr

swallow - avaler, avalons, empiffrer, hirondelle, avalez

Abraham - abraham

commander - commandant, commandante, commandeur

Levant - levant

resolved - résolu, prendre la résolution de

settle in - s'installer

encouraged - encouragé, encourager

patients - patients, patient, patiente, malade

I took part of a small house in the Old Jewry; and being advised to alter my condition, I married Mrs. Mary Burton, second daughter to Mr. Edmund Burton, hosier, in Newgate-street, with whom I received four hundred pounds for a portion.

small house - petite maison

Jewry - la juiverie, judéité, judaité, judeité, judaicité

advised - conseillé, conseiller, renseigner

alter - modifier, altérent, altérez, altérer, altérons

condition - condition

Mary - marie

hosier - hosier

received - reçu, recevoir

four hundred - quatre cents

portion - part, portion

But my good master Bates dying in two years after, and I having few friends, my business began to fail; for my conscience would not suffer me to imitate the bad practice of too many among my brethren. Having therefore consulted with my wife, and some of my acquaintance, I determined to go again to sea.

dying - teignant, mourant, (dye) teignant

fail - échouer

conscience - conscience

imitate - imiter

among - parmi

brethren - freres

consulted - consultée, concerter

acquaintance - une connaissance, relation

determined - déterminé, déterminer

I was surgeon successively in two ships, and made several voyages, for six years, to the East and West Indies, by which I got some addition to my fortune.

ships - navires, navire

Addition - addition, ajout

My hours of leisure I spent in reading the best authors, ancient and modern, being always provided with a good number of books; and when I was ashore, in observing the manners and dispositions of the people, as well as learning their language; wherein I had a great facility, by the strength of my memory.

leisure - les loisirs, loisir, temps libre

authors - auteurs, auteur, auteure, autrice, écrire, créer

ancient - ancienne, antique

provided with - Fourni avec

ashore - a terre

observing - l'observation, observer, remarquer, respecter, garder

manners - les bonnes manieres, maniere, façon, mode

dispositions - dispositions, disposition, tempérament

facility - l'installation, facilité, infrastructure, installation

strength - la force, force, vigueur, effectif, point fort

The last of these voyages not proving very fortunate, I grew weary of the sea, and intended to stay at home with my wife and family. I removed from the Old Jewry to Fetter Lane, and from thence to Wapping, hoping to get business among the sailors; but it would not turn to account.

proving - prouvant, prouver

weary - fatigué, las, lasser

intended - prévu, planifié, voulu, (intend), avoir l'intention

removed - supprimée, enlever

fetter - l'entrave, entrave, fers, obstacle, entraver

lane - chemin

thence - d'ou, des lors

Sailors - marins, matelot, matelote, femme matelot, femme-matelot, marin

turn to account - Rendre compte

After three years expectation that things would mend, I accepted an advantageous offer from Captain William Prichard, master of the Antelope, who was making a voyage to the South Sea. We set sail from Bristol, May 4, 1699, and our voyage was at first very prosperous.

mend - réparer, raccommoder, rapiécer, s'améliorer

accepted - acceptée, accepter, accepter (de), prendre sur soi

advantageous - avantageux

William - william, Guillaume

antelope - antilope

set - set, Seth

sail - naviguer, voile, cingler

Bristol - bristol

prosperous - prospere

It would not be proper, for some reasons, to trouble the reader with the particulars of our adventures in those seas; let it suffice to inform him, that in our passage from thence to the East Indies, we were driven by a violent storm to the north-west of Van Diemen's Land. By an observation, we found ourselves in the latitude of 30 degrees 2 minutes south.

trouble - des problemes, peine, mal, probleme, emmerde, checksouci

particulars - détails, particulier

adventures - aventures, (adventure) aventures

suffice - suffisent, suffire, suffire 2

inform - informer, renseignent, faire savoir, renseignons, informez

passage - passage, corridoir, couloir

violent - violent, vif

storm - tempete, orage

van - van, (de) camion(nette)

observation - observation, remarque

ourselves - nous-memes, nous-meme

Latitude - latitude, parallele, marge

degrees - degrés, diplôme, degré, ordre

Twelve of our crew were dead by immoderate labour and ill food; the rest were in a very weak condition. On the 5th of November, which was the beginning of summer in those parts, the weather being very hazy, the seamen spied a rock within half a cable's length of the ship; but the wind was so strong, that we were driven directly upon it, and immediately split.

crew - l'équipage, équipage

dead - morts, mort, milieu, cour, profondeurs

immoderate - immodéré

labour - le travail, effort, travail, labeur, besogne, travailleurs

ill - malade, écouré, écourée

rest - se reposer, reposent, reposez, reposons, se, reposer, débris

weak - faible, débile

hazy - brumeux, flou, trouble, vague

seamen - marins, matelot

spied - espionné, espion, espionne, espionner

Rock - le rocher, bercer, balancer, rupestre, rocher, roc

within - a l'intérieur, dedans, avant, d'ici

cable - câble, fil électrique, torsade

Length - longueur, durée

ship - navire, manipuler, expédier, vaisseau

wind - vent, emmailloter, détortiller, langer, enrouler

directly - directement, checktout droit

split - divisé, fissure, division, fragment, morceau, grand écart

Six of the crew, of whom I was one, having let down the boat into the sea, made a shift to get clear of the ship and the rock. We rowed, by my computation, about three leagues, till we were able to work no longer, being already spent with labour while we were in the ship.

let down - déçu

shift - changement, quart, équipe, poste, décalage, vitesse

clear - clair, transparent, libre, dégagé, sans ambiguité, s'éclaircir

rowed - a l'aviron, rang(ée)

computation - calcul, résultat

We therefore trusted ourselves to the mercy of the waves, and in about half an hour the boat was overset by a sudden flurry from the north. What became of my companions in the boat, as well as of those who escaped on the rock, or were left in the vessel, I cannot tell; but conclude they were all lost. For my own part, I swam as fortune directed me, and was pushed forward by wind and tide.

trusted - de confiance, confiance, trust, faire confiance

mercy - la pitié, miséricorde, pitié

waves - des vagues, vague

overset - surdimensionné

sudden - soudain, soudaine, subit

Companions - compagnons, compagnon, compagne

escaped - s'est échappé, échapper, s'échapper, éviter, tirer

vessel - navire, vaisseau, vase

conclude - conclure

directed - dirigée, direct, mettre en scene, ordonner

pushed forward - poussé en avant

tide - marée, marées, reflux

I often let my legs drop, and could feel no bottom; but when I was almost gone, and able to struggle no longer, I found myself within my depth; and by this time the storm was much abated. The declivity was so small, that I walked near a mile before I got to the shore, which I conjectured was about eight o'clock in the evening.

bottom - fond, bas, dessous, arriere-train, cul

almost - presque, quasiment

Struggle - lutte, lutter, s'efforcer, combattre

depth - profondeur, épaisseur

abated - supprimée, diminuer, baisser, dévaloriser (

declivity - déclivité

shore - rivage, riverain, parages, bord, rive, borde

conjectured - conjecturé, conjecture, conjecturer

I then advanced forward near half a mile, but could not discover any sign of houses or inhabitants; at least I was in so weak a condition, that I did not observe them. I was extremely tired, and with that, and the heat of the weather, and about half a pint of brandy that I drank as I left the ship, I found myself much inclined to sleep.

advanced - avancé, élever, avancer, avancée, progression, progres

forward - avant, acheminent, acheminer, avanten, acheminons

discover - découvrir

sign - signe, signent, signez, placard, caractériser

extremely - extremement, extremement, vachement

heat - chaleur, ardeur, chauffer

half a pint - une demi-pinte

brandy - du brandy, cognac, brandy, eau-de-vie

I lay down on the grass, which was very short and soft, where I slept sounder than ever I remembered to have done in my life, and, as I reckoned, about nine hours; for when I awaked, it was just day-light.

lay - laique, pondre, pose

grass - l'herbe, herbe, pelouse, gazon, beuh, balance, moucharder

soft - souple, moelleux, alcoolsans, mou, doux

reckoned - a calculé, considérer

awaked - réveillé, (se) réveiller, (s')éveiller

I attempted to rise, but was not able to stir: for, as I happened to lie on my back, I found my arms and legs were strongly fastened on each side to the ground; and my hair, which was long and thick, tied down in the same manner. I likewise felt several slender ligatures across my body, from my arm-pits to my thighs.

rise - hausse, remonte, élévation, débout, surcroît

stir - remuer, affecter

lie - mentir, mensonge, mentez, gésir, gis, mentons

strongly - fort, fortement

fastened - fixé, attacher, fixer

side - côté, parti, flanc

ground - sol, foncierere, terre, terrain, (grind) sol

thick - épais, gros, dense, opaque, incompréhensible, lourd

tied - attachée, attacher

slender - svelte, mince

ligatures - ligatures, ligature

pits - fosses, fosse

thighs - cuisses, cuisse

I could only look upwards; the sun began to grow hot, and the light offended my eyes. I heard a confused noise about me; but in the posture I lay, could see nothing except the sky.

offended - offensée, offenser, déplaire, blesser, fr

confused - confus, rendre perplexe, confondre

noise - bruit, vacarme, brouhaha, boucan

posture - la posture, posture

Except - sauf, faire une exception

sky - ciel, nue

In a little time I felt something alive moving on my left leg, which advancing gently forward over my breast, came almost up to my chin; when, bending my eyes downwards as much as I could, I perceived it to be a human creature not six inches high, with a bow and arrow in his hands, and a quiver at his back.

alive - en vie, vivant

advancing - l'avancement, élever, avancer, avancée, progression

breast - sein, poitrine, cour, poitrail, blanc

chin - menton

bending - de flexion, flexion, (bend), courber, tordre, tourner

perceived - perçue, percevoir

creature - créature, etre

inches - pouces, pouce

bow - l'arc, arc

arrow - fleche, fleche

quiver - carquois, trembler

In the mean time, I felt at least forty more of the same kind (as I conjectured) following the first. I was in the utmost astonishment, and roared so loud, that they all ran back in a fright; and some of them, as I was afterwards told, were hurt with the falls they got by leaping from my sides upon the ground.

astonishment - l'étonnement, étonnement

roared - a rugi, rugir, hurler, s'esclaffer, rire aux éclats

loud - bruyante, fort

fright - d'effroi, anxiété, peur, frayeur

hurt - faire mal, blesser, blessé

leaping - sauter, bondir

sides - côtés, côté

However, they soon returned, and one of them, who ventured so far as to get a full sight of my face, lifting up his hands and eyes by way of admiration, cried out in a shrill but distinct voice, Hekinah degul: the others repeated the same words several times, but then I knew not what they meant. I lay all this while, as the reader may believe, in great uneasiness.

ventured - s'est aventuré, s'aventurer, risquer, oser

lifting - de levage, soulever

admiration - l'admiration, admiration

cried - pleuré, pleurer, crier, hurler, gueuler, pleur, cri

shrill - strident, criard

distinct - distinct, intelligible, reconnaissable

voice - voix

at length, struggling to get loose, I had the fortune to break the strings, and wrench out the pegs that fastened my left arm to the ground; for, by lifting it up to my face, I discovered the methods they had taken to bind me, and at the same time with a violent pull, which gave me excessive pain, I a little loosened the strings that tied down my hair on the left side, so that I was just able to turn my head about two inches. But the creatures ran off a second time, before I could seize them; whereupon there was a great shout in a very shrill accent, and after it ceased I heard one of them cry aloud Tolgo phonac; when in an instant I felt above a hundred arrows discharged on my left hand, which, pricked me like so many needles; and besides, they shot another flight into the air, as we do bombs in Europe, whereof many, I suppose, fell on my body, (though I felt them not), and some on my face, which I immediately covered with my left hand. When this shower of arrows was over, I fell a groaning with grief and pain; and then striving again to get loose, they discharged another volley larger than the first, and some of them attempted with spears to stick me in the sides; but by good luck I had on a buff jerkin, which they could not pierce. I thought it the most prudent method to lie still, and my design was to continue so till night, when, my left hand being already loose, I could easily free myself: and as for the inhabitants, I had reason to believe I might be a match for the greatest army they could bring against me, if they were all of the same size with him that I saw. But fortune disposed otherwise of me. When the people observed I was quiet, they discharged no more arrows; but, by the noise I heard, I knew their numbers increased; and about four yards from me, over against my right ear, I heard a knocking for above an hour, like that of people at work; when turning my head that way, as well as the pegs and strings would permit me, I saw a stage erected about a foot and a half from the ground, capable of holding four of the inhabitants, with two or three ladders to mount it: from whence one of them, who seemed to be a person of quality, made me a long speech, whereof I understood not one syllable. But I should have mentioned, that before the principal person began his oration, he cried out three times, Langro dehul san (these words and the former were afterwards repeated and explained to me); whereupon, immediately, about fifty of the inhabitants came and cut the strings that fastened the left side of my head, which gave me the liberty of turning it to the right, and of observing the person and gesture of him that was to speak. He appeared to be of a middle age, and taller than any of the other three who attended him, whereof one was a page that held up his train, and seemed to be somewhat longer than my middle finger; the other two stood one on each side to support him. He acted every part of an orator, and I could observe many periods of threatenings, and others of promises, pity, and kindness. I answered in a few words, but in the most submissive manner, lifting up my left hand, and both my eyes to the sun, as calling him for a witness; and being almost famished with hunger, having not eaten a morsel for some hours before I left the ship, I found the demands of nature so strong upon me, that I could not forbear showing my impatience (perhaps against the strict rules of decency) by putting my finger frequently to my mouth, to signify that I wanted food. The hurgo (for so they call a great lord, as I afterwards learnt) understood me very well. He descended from the stage, and commanded that several ladders should be applied to my sides, on which above a hundred of the inhabitants mounted and walked towards my mouth, laden with baskets full of meat, which had been provided and sent thither by the king's orders, upon the first intelligence he received of me. I observed there was the flesh of several animals, but could not distinguish them by the taste. There were shoulders, legs, and loins, shaped like those of mutton, and very well dressed, but smaller than the wings of a lark. I ate them by two or three at a mouthful, and took three loaves at a time, about the bigness of musket bullets. They supplied me as fast as they could, showing a thousand marks of wonder and astonishment at my bulk and appetite. I then made another sign, that I wanted drink. They found by my eating that a small quantity would not suffice me; and being a most ingenious people, they slung up, with great dexterity, one of their largest hogsheads, then rolled it towards my hand, and beat out the top; I drank it off at a draught, which I might well do, for it did not hold half a pint, and tasted like a small wine of Burgundy, but much more delicious. They brought me a second hogshead, which I drank in the same manner, and made signs for more; but they had none to give me. When I had performed these wonders, they shouted for joy, and danced upon my breast, repeating several times as they did at first, Hekinah degul. They made me a sign that I should throw down the two hogsheads, but first warning the people below to stand out of the way, crying aloud, Borach mevolah; and when they saw the vessels in the air, there was a universal shout of Hekinah degul. I confess I was often tempted, while they were passing backwards and forwards on my body, to seize forty or fifty of the first that came in my reach, and dash them against the ground. But the remembrance of what I had felt, which probably might not be the worst they could do, and the promise of honour I made them-for so I interpreted my submissive behaviour-soon drove out these imaginations. Besides, I now considered myself as bound by the laws of hospitality, to a people who had treated me with so much expense and magnificence. However, in my thoughts I could not sufficiently wonder at the intrepidity of these diminutive mortals, who durst venture to mount and walk upon my body, while one of my hands was at liberty, without trembling at the very sight of so prodigious a creature as I must appear to them. After some time, when they observed that I made no more demands for meat, there appeared before me a person of high rank from his imperial majesty. His excellency, having mounted on the small of my right leg, advanced forwards up to my face, with about a dozen of his retinue; and producing his credentials under the signet royal, which he applied close to my eyes, spoke about ten minutes without any signs of anger, but with a kind of determinate resolution, often pointing forwards, which, as I afterwards found, was towards the capital city, about half a mile distant; whither it was agreed by his majesty in council that I must be conveyed. I answered in few words, but to no purpose, and made a sign with my hand that was loose, putting it to the other (but over his excellency's head for fear of hurting him or his train) and then to my own head and body, to signify that I desired my liberty. It appeared that he understood me well enough, for he shook his head by way of disapprobation, and held his hand in a posture to show that I must be carried as a prisoner. However, he made other signs to let me understand that I should have meat and drink enough, and very good treatment. Whereupon I once more thought of attempting to break my bonds; but again, when I felt the smart of their arrows upon my face and hands, which were all in blisters, and many of the darts still sticking in them, and observing likewise that the number of my enemies increased, I gave tokens to let them know that they might do with me what they pleased. Upon this, the hurgo and his train withdrew, with much civility and cheerful countenances. Soon after I heard a general shout, with frequent repetitions of the words Peplom selan; and I felt great numbers of people on my left side relaxing the cords to such a degree, that I was able to turn upon my right, and to ease myself with making water; which I very plentifully did, to the great astonishment of the people; who, conjecturing by my motion what I was going to do, immediately opened to the right and left on that side, to avoid the torrent, which fell with such noise and violence from me. But before this, they had daubed my face and both my hands with a sort of ointment, very pleasant to the smell, which, in a few minutes, removed all the smart of their arrows. These circumstances, added to the refreshment I had received by their victuals and drink, which were very nourishing, disposed me to sleep. I slept about eight hours, as I was afterwards assured; and it was no wonder, for the physicians, by the emperor's order, had mingled a sleepy potion in the hogsheads of wine.

at length - longuement

struggling - en difficulté, luttant, (struggle), lutte, lutter, s'efforcer

strings - cordes, corde, suite, série, chaîne de caracteres

wrench - clé a molette, déménager, clef, clé

pegs - chevilles, cheville, porte-manteau, patere, cheviller, épingler

discovered - découvert, découvrir

methods - méthodes, méthode

bind - lier, attacher, nouer, connecter, coupler

pull - tirer, retirer, tirer un coup, influence

excessive - excessif

pain - douleur, mal, diuleur

loosened - desserré, desserrer

seize - saisir, emparer

accent - accent, emphase, souligner, accentuer

ceased - cessé, cesser, s'arreter, cesser de + 'infinitive'

aloud - a haute voix, a voix haute, a haute voix, fort

instant - instantanée, moment

arrows - fleches, fleche

discharged - déchargée, licenciement, débit

pricked - piqué, piquer, percer

needles - aiguilles, aiguille, saphir, coudre

shot - tir, tirai, tiré, tirâmes, tirerent, tira

bombs - bombes, bombe, explosif, obus '(shell)', bombe sexuelle

suppose - supposer, imaginer

grief - le chagrin, douleur, peine

striving - en quete d'une solution, (strive) en quete d'une solution

volley - volée, salve

tempted - tentés, tenter, attirer

spears - lances, lance

luck - la chance, chance, veine

Buff - buff, buffle

pierce - percer, perforage

most prudent - le plus prudent

continue - continuer

easily - facilement

match - match, s'entremettre, allumette, concorder

army - l'armée, armée

size - taille, ampleur, pointure

disposed - disposé, débarrasser

otherwise - autrement

observed - observée, observer, remarquer, respecter, garder

increased - augmenté, augmenter, croître, accroître, augmentation

knocking - frapper, frappant, (knock), coup

permit - permis, permettre, permets, permettons, permettez

stage - scene, étape, phase, scene, caleche, platine, mettre en scene

erected - érigé, droit, dressé

capable - capable

holding - en attente, possession, (hold) en attente

ladders - des échelles, échelle

whence - pourquoi, d'ou

seemed - semblait, sembler, paraître, avoir l'air

quality - qualité

Speech - parole, discours

syllable - syllabe

mentioned - mentionnée, mentionner

oration - oration, oraison

former - ancien, ancienne, ci devant

liberty - liberté

gesture - geste, signe

appeared - est apparu, apparaître, paraître, sembler

attended - a assisté, assister a, suivre

held - détenus, (main)tenir

somewhat - en quelque sorte, assez, quelque peu

middle finger - le majeur

support - soutien, soutenez, appuyez, appuyons, appuyent, soutiens

acted - agi, acte, loi, action, agir

orator - orateur, oratrice

threatenings - des menaces, menaçant

promises - des promesses, vou, promesse, promettre

pity - compassion, pitié, dommage, honte, plaindre, avoir pitié de

kindness - la gentillesse, bonté

submissive - soumis

witness - témoin

hunger - la faim, faim

morsel - morceau

demands - demandes, demande, exigence, exiger

Impatience - impatience

Perhaps - peut-etre, peut-etre, possiblement

strict - stricte, strict

decency - la décence, décence

frequently - fréquemment

signify - signifier

descended from - descendant de

commanded - commandée, commandement, ordre, maîtrise

mounted - monté, monter

towards - vers, envers, pour, pres de

laden - laden, chargé, chargée, (lade) laden

baskets - paniers, panier

provided - fourni, fournir, procurer, pourvoir

thither - la, la, d'ici la

intelligence - l'intelligence, intelligence, renseignements

flesh - de la chair, chair, peau, viande, corps, pulpe

distinguish - distinguer

loins - les reins, lombes-p, filet (in US), côtes premieres-p (in UK)

shaped - en forme, forme

mutton - du mouton, mouton

wings - des ailes, aile, ailier

lark - alouette

mouthful - bouchée

loaves - pains, pain, miche (de pain)

bigness - taille

musket - mousquet

bullets - balles, balle

supplied - fourni, fournir, approvisionner

marks - marques, Marc

bulk - en vrac, grosseur, gros, ensemble, vrac

appetite - l'appétit, appétit

quantity - quantité

most ingenious - le plus ingénieux

slung - en bandouliere, écharpe

dexterity - dextérité

rolled - roulé, rouleau

beat - battre

top - haut, dessus, sommet, couvercle, hune, premiere demi-manche

rank - rang, rangée, unie, standing

pint - chopine, chopine de lait, pinte, sérieux

tasted - dégustée, gout, saveur, avant-gout, gouter, avoir un gout

Burgundy - bourgogne, bordeaux

more delicious - plus délicieux

signs - des signes, signe

none - aucun, ne nulle

performed - réalisée, exécuter, performer, jouer ('actor')

wonders - s'interroge, merveille, étonner

shouted - crié, cri

joy - joie

throw down - jeter

crying - pleurer, pleur, (cry), crier, hurler, gueuler

vessels - navires, vaisseau, recipient

universal - universel

passing - en passant, passager, éminent, rapide, extremement

backwards - a l'envers, arriéré, en arriere, a reculons

forwards - pour l'avancement, en avant

reach - atteindre, parviens, allonge, parvenir, préhension

Dash - dash, tiret, trait, ta, sprint, soupçon, se précipiter

interpreted - interprétées, interpréter, traduire

behaviour - manieres

imaginations - l'imagination, imagination

laws - des lois, loi(s), législation

hospitality - l'hospitalité, hospitalité, hôtellerie-restauration

treated - traité, négocier, traiter, régaler, guérir

expense - dépenses, dépense

magnificence - magnificence

thoughts - réflexions, idée, pensée

sufficiently - suffisamment

intrepidity - l'intrépidité

diminutive - minuscule, diminutif

mortals - mortels, mortel, mortelle

durst - durst, oser

Venture - venture, s'aventurer, risquer, oser

prodigious - prodigieux

Imperial - impérial, royal

excellency - Excellence

dozen - douzaine, dizaine

retinue - la suite, retenue, suite

producing - produisant, produire, produits-p

credentials - les références, accréditation

Royal - royal, royale, trochure, cacatois

anger - la colere, colere, ire, courroux, rage

determinate - fixe

resolution - conviction, résolution, détermination

distant - distante, distant, lointain, éloigné

whither - ou

Council - le conseil, conseil

conveyed - transmis, transporter, véhiculer, communiquer

no purpose - sans but

head for - tete pour

fear - peur, angoisse, craignent, crainte, crains, craignons

hurting - en souffrance, faire mal, blesser, blessé

shook - secoué, (shake), secouer, agiter, se serrer la main, secousse

disapprobation - improbation

treatment - traitement

attempting - tenter, essayer, tentative, attentat

Bonds - les obligations, lien

smart - intelligent, rusé, bath, fringant, roublard, maligne

blisters - des ampoules, ampoule, cloque, boursouflure, phlyctene

darts - fléchettes, dard, fleche

sticking - coller, (stick) coller

enemies - ennemis, ennemi, ennemie

tokens - des jetons, symbole, jeton, symbolique

withdrew - s'est retiré, (se) retirer

civility - civilité, politesse

cheerful - joyeux, content, de bonne humeur

countenances - des visages, visage, approuver

general - général, communal, en chef, universal, d'ensemble

repetitions - répétitions, répétition

cords - cordons, corde, cordon

degree - diplôme, degré, ordre

plentifully - abondamment

conjecturing - des conjectures, conjecture, conjecturer

motion - mouvement, motion

torrent - torrent

violence - la violence, violence

daubed - barbouillé, torchis, croute, barbouiller

ointment - pommade, onguent

pleasant - agréable, plaisant

smell - odeur, parfum, gout, odorat, sentir, humer

refreshment - un rafraîchissement, rafraîchissement

nourishing - nourrissant, nourrir

assured - assurée, assurerent, assura, assurai

Emperor - l'empereur, empereur

mingled - mélangés, mélanger

sleepy - somnolent, ensommeillé, ensuqué, endormi

potion - potion

It seems, that upon the first moment I was discovered sleeping on the ground, after my landing, the emperor had early notice of it by an express; and determined in council, that I should be tied in the manner I have related, (which was done in the night while I slept;) that plenty of meat and drink should be sent to me, and a machine prepared to carry me to the capital city.

Seems - semble-t-il, sembler, paraître, avoir l'air

sleeping on - Dormir sur

notice - remarquer, notification, préavis, s'apercevoir

express - express, exprimons, exprimez, exprimer, expriment

be tied - etre attaché

plenty - l'abondance, abondance

This resolution perhaps may appear very bold and dangerous, and I am confident would not be imitated by any prince in Europe on the like occasion.

appear - apparaître, sembler

confident - assuré, confiant

imitated - imité, imiter

prince - prince

However, in my opinion, it was extremely prudent, as well as generous: for, supposing these people had endeavoured to kill me with their spears and arrows, while I was asleep, I should certainly have awaked with the first sense of smart, which might so far have roused my rage and strength, as to have enabled me to break the strings wherewith I was tied; after which, as they were not able to make resistance, so they could expect no mercy.

Prudent - prudent

generous - généreux

supposing - supposer, supposant, (suppose), imaginer

endeavoured - s'est efforcé, s'efforcer (de)

kill - tuer, tuent, tuons, dézinguer, tuez

asleep - endormi

Certainly - certainement, surement, sans nul doute, sans aucun doute

roused - réveillé, réveiller

rage - rage, furie, fureur, courroux, rager, faire rage

enabled - activée, autoriser, permettre, activer

wherewith - avec quoi

resistance - résistance

expect - s'attendre a, attendre, s'attendre a

These people are most excellent mathematicians, and arrived to a great perfection in mechanics, by the countenance and encouragement of the emperor, who is a renowned patron of learning. This prince has several machines fixed on wheels, for the carriage of trees and other great weights.

most excellent - le plus excellent

mathematicians - des mathématiciens, mathématicien, mathématicienne

perfection - la perfection, perfection

mechanics - mécanique, mécanicien, mécanicienne

countenance - visage, approuver

renowned - renommée, renom

patron - patron, mécene, client

fixed - fixé, réparer, fixer, préparer, truquer, tricher, réparation

wheels - roues, roue, barre, rouler

carriage - transport, rench: t-needed r, carrosse, port, chariot

weights - poids, lest, graisse, alourdir

He often builds his largest men of war, whereof some are nine feet long, in the woods where the timber grows, and has them carried on these engines three or four hundred yards to the sea. five hundred carpenters and engineers were immediately set at work to prepare the greatest engine they had.

war - guerre, bataille, entrer en guerre, tfaire la guerre

woods - bois, (de) bois

timber - le bois, bois de construction

engines - moteurs, moteur

five hundred - cinq cents

carpenters - charpentiers, menuisier, menuisiere, charpentier, charpentiere

engineers - ingénieurs, ingénieur

It was a frame of wood raised three inches from the ground, about seven feet long, and four wide, moving upon twenty-two wheels. The shout I heard was upon the arrival of this engine, which, it seems, set out in four hours after my landing. It was brought parallel to me, as I lay. But the principal difficulty was to raise and place me in this vehicle.

frame - encadrer, cadre, armature, ossature, image, manche, frame, trame

wood - du bois, (de) bois

raised - soulevée, (sou)lever

wide - large

shout - crier, cri, jacasser, crient, criez, crions

arrival - arrivée, arrivant, arrivante

engine - moteur

parallel - parallele, parallele, parallele a, parallelement

Eighty poles, each of one foot high, were erected for this purpose, and very strong cords, of the bigness of packthread, were fastened by hooks to many bandages, which the workmen had girt round my neck, my hands, my body, and my legs.

poles - poteaux, pôle

purpose - objectif, dgssein, dessein, finalité, but

packthread - fil d'ariane

hooks - des crochets, crochet, agrafe, hook, accrocher, ferrer

bandages - des bandages, bandage, pansement, panser

workmen - des ouvriers, ouvrier

girt - girt, (gird) girt

neck - cou, kiki

Nine hundred of the strongest men were employed to draw up these cords, by many pulleys fastened on the poles; and thus, in less than three hours, I was raised and slung into the engine, and there tied fast. All this I was told; for, while the operation was performing, I lay in a profound sleep, by the force of that soporiferous medicine infused into my liquor.

employed - employés, employer, embaucher, recruter

draw up - rédiger

pulleys - poulies, poulie

operation - l'opération, opération, fonctionnement, exploitation, gestion

performing - en cours d'exécution, effectuant, (perform), exécuter

lay in - s'allonger

profound - profond

force - force, forcez, contrainte, forçons, contraindre, forcent

Medicine - la médecine, médicament, officinal, médecine

infused - infusé, infuser

liquor - l'alcool, spiritueux

Fifteen hundred of the emperor's largest horses, each about four inches and a half high, were employed to draw me towards the metropolis, which, as I said, was half a mile distant.

metropolis - métropole

About four hours after we began our journey, I awaked by a very ridiculous accident; for the carriage being stopped a while, to adjust something that was out of order, two or three of the young natives had the curiosity to see how I looked when I was asleep; they climbed up into the engine, and advancing very softly to my face, one of them, an officer in the guards, put the sharp end of his half-pike a good way up into my left nostril, which tickled my nose like a straw, and made me sneeze violently; whereupon they stole off unperceived, and it was three weeks before I knew the cause of my waking so suddenly. We made a long march the remaining part of the day, and, rested at night with five hundred guards on each side of me, half with torches, and half with bows and arrows, ready to shoot me if I should offer to stir. The next morning at sun-rise we continued our march, and arrived within two hundred yards of the city gates about noon. The emperor, and all his court, came out to meet us; but his great officers would by no means suffer his majesty to endanger his person by mounting on my body.

ridiculous - ridicule

accident - accident

natives - les autochtones, maternel, autochtone, indigene, natif

climbed up - grimpé

softly - en douceur, doucement

guards - gardiens, garde, protection, gardien, arriere

sharp - pointu, affilé, coupant, affuté, tranchant

Pike - pike, brochet

nostril - narine

tickled - chatouillé, chatouiller

straw - paille, fétu, jaune paille

sneeze - éternuer, éternuement, atchoum

violently - violemment

Stole - volé, volâmes, volai, vola, volerent, (steal), voler, vol

unperceived - non perçue

cause - cause, raison, causer

suddenly - soudain, soudainement, tout d'un coup

remaining - restant, reste, rester, demeurer

rested - reposé, repos

torches - torches, torche, flambeau, incendier

bows - arcs, (bow) arcs

shoot - tirer, larguer, tirent, tirons, tirez

gates - portes, porte, barriere

noon - midi

Court - la cour, cour, tribunal, court de tennis, court, courtiser

officers - des agents, fonctionnaire, officier

endanger - mettre en danger, compromettre

mounting - montant, monture, ajustage, (mount) montant

At the place where the carriage stopped there stood an ancient temple, esteemed to be the largest in the whole kingdom; which, having been polluted some years before by an unnatural murder, was, according to the zeal of those people, looked upon as profane, and therefore had been applied to common use, and all the ornaments and furniture carried away.

Temple - le temple, tempe, temple

esteemed - estimé, estime, respect, respecter

Polluted - pollué, polluer

unnatural - contre nature

murder - meurtre, homicide, assassinat, occire

zeal - le zele, zele, assiduité

profane - impur, profane, sale, sacrilege, profaner

ornaments - ornements, ornement, ornement musical

furniture - mobilier, meubles

carried away - emportée

In this edifice it was determined I should lodge. The great gate fronting to the north was about four feet high, and almost two feet wide, through which I could easily creep.

edifice - l'édifice, édifice, école de pensée

Lodge - cabane, maison du portier, loge, rench: t-needed r, loger

Gate - la porte, porte

creep - rampant, ramper, rampement, fatigue, fluage, reptation

On each side of the gate was a small window, not above six inches from the ground: into that on the left side, the king's smith conveyed fourscore and eleven chains, like those that hang to a lady's watch in Europe, and almost as large, which were locked to my left leg with six-and-thirty padlocks.

king - roi, dame

Smith - smith, Lefevre, Lefébure, Lefebvre

fourscore - quatre-vingt-cinq, quatre-vingts

chains - chaînes, chaîne, enchaîner

hang - pendre, planement

lady - dame, madame, lady

locked - verrouillé, serrure

padlocks - des cadenas, cadenas, cadenasser

Over against this temple, on the other side of the great highway, at twenty feet distance, there was a turret at least five feet high. Here the emperor ascended, with many principal lords of his court, to have an opportunity of viewing me, as I was told, for I could not see them.

against this - contre cela

highway - autoroute, grand chemin, grand’route, chaussée

turret - tourelle

ascended - ascensionné, monter

lords - seigneurs, châtelain, seigneur, monsieur

opportunity - occasion, opportunité, occasion favorable, chance

viewing - de visionnage, (view), vue, vision, regard, point de vue

It was reckoned that above a hundred thousand inhabitants came out of the town upon the same errand; and, in spite of my guards, I believe there could not be fewer than ten thousand at several times, who mounted my body by the help of ladders. But a proclamation was soon issued, to forbid it upon pain of death.

errand - course, commission

spite - dépit, rancune

proclamation - proclamation

issued - émis, sortie, émission, livraison, délivrance, drain

forbid - interdire, nier, dénier

Death - mort, déces, camarde, la mort, l'arcane sans nom

When the workmen found it was impossible for me to break loose, they cut all the strings that bound me; whereupon I rose up, with as melancholy a disposition as ever I had in my life. But the noise and astonishment of the people, at seeing me rise and walk, are not to be expressed.

impossible - impossible, insupportable

rose - Rose, (rise)

melancholy - mélancolie

expressed - exprimée, exprimer

The chains that held my left leg were about two yards long, and gave me not only the liberty of walking backwards and forwards in a semicircle, but, being fixed within four inches of the gate, allowed me to creep in, and lie at my full length in the temple.

semicircle - demi-cercle

allowed - autorisé, laisser, accorder, permettre

creep in - se faufiler

full length - pleine longueur

CHAPTER II.

The emperor of Lilliput, attended by several of the nobility, comes to see the author in his confinement. The emperor's person and habit described. Learned men appointed to teach the author their language. He gains favour by his mild disposition. His pockets are searched, and his sword and pistols taken from him.

confinement - l'enfermement, confinement

appointed - nommés, fixer, gloss

gains - gains, gagner

favour - favorable, faveur, complaisance, favoriser

mild - doux, douce, léger

pockets - poches, poche, empocher, de poche

searched - recherchée, recherche, chercher, fouiller

sword - l'épée, épée, glaive, épéiste

pistols - pistolets, pistolet

When I found myself on my feet, I looked about me, and must confess I never beheld a more entertaining prospect. The country around appeared like a continued garden, and the enclosed fields, which were generally forty feet square, resembled so many beds of flowers.

beheld - a été observée, regarder, voir, observer, voici, voila

entertaining - divertissant, distrayant, (entertain), divertir, recevoir

prospect - prospect, perspective, prospecter

fields - champs, champ, t+campo, terrain, corps

generally - en général

square - carré, équerre, place, case, carreau, rench: perpendiculaire a

resembled - ressemblait, ressembler

These fields were intermingled with woods of half a stang, [301] and the tallest trees, as I could judge, appeared to be seven feet high. I viewed the town on my left hand, which looked like the painted scene of a city in a theatre.

intermingled - mélangés, brasser, entremeler

stang - stang

judge - juge, juger

viewed - consultés, vue, q

scene - scene, scene, scene de ménage

I had been for some hours extremely pressed by the necessities of nature; which was no wonder, it being almost two days since I had last disburdened myself. I was under great difficulties between urgency and shame.

pressed - pressé, appuyer sur, presser

necessities - des nécessités, nécessité, besoin

wonder - merveille, se demander, conjecturer

difficulties - des difficultés, difficulté

shame - la honte, honte, vergogne

The best expedient I could think of, was to creep into my house, which I accordingly did; and shutting the gate after me, I went as far as the length of my chain would suffer, and discharged my body of that uneasy load.

expedient - opportun, expédient

accordingly - en conséquence, conséquemment

shutting - la fermeture, fermer

chain - chaîne, enchaîner

uneasy - mal a l'aise, inquiet

load - charge, chargement, fardeau

But this was the only time I was ever guilty of so uncleanly an action; for which I cannot but hope the candid reader will give some allowance, after he has maturely and impartially considered my case, and the distress I was in.

guilty - coupable

uncleanly - impur

maturely - avec maturité

impartially - de maniere impartiale

case - cas, affaire, fouille, étui, chose

distress - la détresse, détresse

From this time my constant practice was, as soon as I rose, to perform that business in open air, at the full extent of my chain; and due care was taken every morning before company came, that the offensive matter should be carried off in wheel-barrows, by two servants appointed for that purpose.

constant - constant, constante

perform - exécuter, performer, jouer ('actor'), danser ('dancer')

open air - a l'air libre

extent - mesure, étendue

due - due, du

care - soins, s'occuper, soin, souci

offensive - offensant, offensif, offensive

carried off - emportés

wheel - roue, barre, rouler

barrows - brouettes, brouette

servants - serviteurs, serviteur, domestique, servante, fr

I would not have dwelt so long upon a circumstance that, perhaps, at first sight, may appear not very momentous, if I had not thought it necessary to justify my character, in point of cleanliness, to the world; which, I am told, some of my maligners have been pleased, upon this and other occasions, to call in question.

dwelt - a habité, résider, s'appesantir sur

circumstance - circonstances, circonstance

momentous - important

necessary - nécessaire

justify - justifier

character - caractere, personnage, caractere

cleanliness - la propreté, propreté

occasions - occasions, occasion

call in - appeler

When this adventure was at an end, I came back out of my house, having occasion for fresh air.

adventure - l'aventure, aventure

fresh - frais

The emperor was already descended from the tower, and advancing on horseback towards me, which had like to have cost him dear; for the beast, though very well trained, yet wholly unused to such a sight, which appeared as if a mountain moved before him, reared up on its hinder feet: but that prince, who is an excellent horseman, kept his seat, till his attendants ran in, and held the bridle, while his majesty had time to dismount. When he alighted, he surveyed me round with great admiration; but kept beyond the length of my chain. He ordered his cooks and butlers, who were already prepared, to give me victuals and drink, which they pushed forward in a sort of vehicles upon wheels, till I could reach them. I took these vehicles and soon emptied them all; twenty of them were filled with meat, and ten with liquor; each of the former afforded me two or three good mouthfuls; and I emptied the liquor of ten vessels, which was contained in earthen vials, into one vehicle, drinking it off at a draught; and so I did with the rest. The empress, and young princes of the blood of both sexes, attended by many ladies, sat at some distance in their chairs; but upon the accident that happened to the emperor's horse, they alighted, and came near his person, which I am now going to describe. He is taller by almost the breadth of my nail, than any of his court; which alone is enough to strike an awe into the beholders. His features are strong and masculine, with an Austrian lip and arched nose, his complexion olive, his countenance erect, his body and limbs well proportioned, all his motions graceful, and his deportment majestic. He was then past his prime, being twenty-eight years and three quarters old, of which he had reigned about seven in great felicity, and generally victorious. For the better convenience of beholding him, I lay on my side, so that my face was parallel to his, and he stood but three yards off: however, I have had him since many times in my hand, and therefore cannot be deceived in the description. His dress was very plain and simple, and the fashion of it between the Asiatic and the European; but he had on his head a light helmet of gold, adorned with jewels, and a plume on the crest. He held his sword drawn in his hand to defend himself, if I should happen to break loose; it was almost three inches long; the hilt and scabbard were gold enriched with diamonds. His voice was shrill, but very clear and articulate; and I could distinctly hear it when I stood up. The ladies and courtiers were all most magnificently clad; so that the spot they stood upon seemed to resemble a petticoat spread upon the ground, embroidered with figures of gold and silver. His imperial majesty spoke often to me, and I returned answers: but neither of us could understand a syllable. There were several of his priests and lawyers present (as I conjectured by their habits), who were commanded to address themselves to me; and I spoke to them in as many languages as I had the least smattering of, which were High and Low Dutch, Latin, French, Spanish, Italian, and lingua franca, but all to no purpose. After about two hours the court retired, and I was left with a strong guard, to prevent the impertinence, and probably the malice of the rabble, who were very impatient to crowd about me as near as they durst; and some of them had the impudence to shoot their arrows at me, as I sat on the ground by the door of my house, whereof one very narrowly missed my left eye. But the colonel ordered six of the ringleaders to be seized, and thought no punishment so proper as to deliver them bound into my hands; which some of his soldiers accordingly did, pushing them forward with the butt-ends of their pikes into my reach. I took them all in my right hand, put five of them into my coat-pocket; and as to the sixth, I made a countenance as if I would eat him alive. The poor man squalled terribly, and the colonel and his officers were in much pain, especially when they saw me take out my penknife: but I soon put them out of fear; for, looking mildly, and immediately cutting the strings he was bound with, I set him gently on the ground, and away he ran. I treated the rest in the same manner, taking them one by one out of my pocket; and I observed both the soldiers and people were highly delighted at this mark of my clemency, which was represented very much to my advantage at court.

descended - descendu, descendre

tower - tour

on horseback - a cheval

beast - bete, bete, bete sauvage

though - mais, néanmoins, cependant, malgré, bien que

unused - inutilisé

reared - élevé, arriere

hinder - entraver, gener, embarrasser, (hind) entraver

excellent - excellent

horseman - cavalier

seat - siege, place, siege, assise, séant, fond

bridle - bride, brider, refréner, etre susceptible

dismount - démonter, descendre

alighted - descendus, descendre (de)

surveyed - enquetés, sondage, arpentage, reconnaissance, enquete

beyond - au-dela, au-dela, par-dela

butlers - majordomes, sommelier, majordome

pushed - poussé, pousser

vehicles - véhicules, véhicule, moyen de transport

emptied - vidée, vide, vider, cadavre

afforded - de l'entreprise, permettre

contained - contenu, contenir

earthen - en terre

vials - flacons, fiole

princes - princes, (prince), prince

sexes - sexes, sexe

ladies - mesdames, dame, madame, lady

nail - clou, ongle, enclouer, clouer, caboche

alone - seul

strike - greve, biffer, rayer, barrer, frapper, battre, faire greve

awe - la stupeur, crainte, révérence, admiration

beholders - les détenteurs d'images, regardeur, observateur

features - caractéristiques, caractéristique, particularité, spécialité

masculine - masculin

Austrian - autrichien, Autrichienne

lip - levre, levre

arched - en arc de cercle, voute, arche

complexion - le teint, teint, complexion

olive - olive

erect - en érection, fonder, érigeons, érigent, érigez, arborer, ériger

limbs - membres, membre

proportioned - proportionné, proportion

motions - motions, mouvement, motion

graceful - gracieux

deportment - comportement

majestic - majestueux

prime - premier

reigned - régnait, regne, régner

Felicity - felicity, Félicité

victorious - victorieux

convenience - la commodité, convenance, commodité, avantage, commodités

beholding - l'observation, regarder, voir, observer, voici, voila

lay on - s'allonger

be deceived - etre trompé

plain - simple, unie, net, plaine

simple - simple

fashion - la mode, mode, vogue, façon, façonner

Asiatic - Asiatique

European - européen, Européenne

helmet - casque

gold - l'or, or

adorned - orné, décorer, orner, parer

jewels - bijoux, joyau, bijou, pierre d'horlogerie, rubis

plume - plume, plume(t)

crest - l'écusson, crete, huppe, aigrette, cimier, criniere

hilt - hilt, poignée

scabbard - fourreau

enriched - enrichi, enrichir

Diamonds - des diamants, (de/en) diamant

articulate - articuler, articulez, articulons, articulent

distinctly - distinctement

courtiers - courtisans, courtisan

magnificently - magnifiquement

clad - vetu, nippé, (clothe), vetir, habiller

spot - spot, tache, bouton, peu, endroit, zone, détecter, trouver

resemble - ressembler

petticoat - cotillon, jupon, combinaison

spread - se propager, étaler, écarter, disperser, répandre, éparpiller

embroidered - brodée, broder

figures - chiffres, figure, forme, personnage, personnalité

silver - l'argent, argent

priests - pretres, pretre, pretresse, sacrificateur, sacrificatrice

lawyers - des avocats, juriste, homme de loi, femme de loi, avocat

habits - habitudes, habitude

themselves - eux-memes, se, eux-memes, elles-memes

smattering - la dispersion, (smatter), lantiponner, baragouiner

low - faible, inférieure

Dutch - néerlandais, hollandais

Latin - latine

French - français, tlangue française, t+Français

Spanish - espagnol, castillan

Italian - italien, italophone, Italienne

lingua franca - lingua franca

retired - a la retraite, prendre sa retraite

guard - garde, protection, gardien, arriere, défense, garder

prevent - prévenir, empecher

malice - malveillance, méchanceté

rabble - la populace, cohue

impatient - impatient

crowd - foule, acculer, amas, marée humaine

impudence - l'impudence, impudence

narrowly - de façon étroite, étroitement

Colonel - colonel

ringleaders - les meneurs, meneur, chef, leader

seized - saisi, saisir

punishment - punition, châtiment

soldiers - soldats, soldat, mouillette

pushing - poussant, pousser

butt - de fesses, crosse

pikes - pikes, brochet

Pocket - poche, empocher, de poche

sixth - sixieme, sixieme ('before the noun'), ('in names of monarchs and popes') six ('after the name') ('abbreviation' VI)

poor man - pauvre homme

squalled - squallé, grain, hurler, brailler

Terribly - terriblement

penknife - canif

mildly - légerement

highly - hautement, extremement

delighted - ravie, plaisir, délice, joie, enchanter, ravir

mark - marque, Marc

clemency - la clémence, clémence, compassion, pitié, miséricorde

represented - représentée, représenter

advantage - avantage, avantager, favoriser

Towards night I got with some difficulty into my house, where I lay on the ground, and continued to do so about a fortnight; during which time, the emperor gave orders to have a bed prepared for me.

fortnight - quinze jours, deux semaines, quinzaine

Six hundred beds of the common measure were brought in carriages, and worked up in my house; a hundred and fifty of their beds, sewn together, made up the breadth and length; and these were four double: which, however, kept me but very indifferently from the hardness of the floor, that was of smooth stone.

common measure - mesure commune

carriages - les wagons, rench: -neededr, carrosse, port, chariot

sewn - cousu, coudre

double - double, sosie, doublon, doubler

indifferently - avec indifférence

hardness - dureté

smooth - lisse, doux, facile, sophistiqué, naturel, souple, régulier

stone - pierre, roche, caillou, roc

By the same computation, they provided me with sheets, blankets, and coverlets, tolerable enough for one who had been so long inured to hardships.

sheets - feuilles, feuille, plaque, écoute

blankets - couvertures, couverture, général, recouvrir, couvrir

coverlets - des couvertures, couvre-lit

tolerable - tolérable

Inured - inhabitué, endurcir, aguerrir, habituer, prendre effet

hardships - difficultés, difficultés-p, misere

As the news of my arrival spread through the kingdom, it brought prodigious numbers of rich, idle, and curious people to see me; so that the villages were almost emptied; and great neglect of tillage and household affairs must have ensued, if his imperial majesty had not provided, by several proclamations and orders of state, against this inconveniency.

idle - au ralenti, fainéant

Curious - vous etes curieux, curieux, intéressant, singulier

neglect - négliger, négligence

tillage - le travail du sol, labour

household - foyer, ménage, maisonnée, domestique

affairs - affaires, aventure, liaison

ensued - s'ensuivit, résulter, découler

proclamations - proclamations, proclamation

state - l'état, état, Etat, déclarer, indiquer

inconveniency - inconvénients

He directed that those who had already beheld me should return home, and not presume to come within fifty yards of my house, without license from the court; whereby the secretaries of state got considerable fees.

return home - retourner a la maison

license - licence

whereby - par laquelle, par quoi, par lequel

secretaries - des secrétaires, secrétaire

considerable - considérable

fees - honoraires, tarif

In the mean time the emperor held frequent councils, to debate what course should be taken with me; and I was afterwards assured by a particular friend, a person of great quality, who was as much in the secret as any, that the court was under many difficulties concerning me. They apprehended my breaking loose; that my diet would be very expensive, and might cause a famine.

councils - conseils, conseil

debate - débat, discussion, débattre

particular - particulier

secret - secret

apprehended - appréhendé, appréhender, comprendre

famine - la famine, famine

Sometimes they determined to starve me; or at least to shoot me in the face and hands with poisoned arrows, which would soon despatch me; but again they considered, that the stench of so large a carcass might produce a plague in the metropolis, and probably spread through the whole kingdom.

starve - mourir de faim, crever de faim, crever la dalle, affamer

poisoned - empoisonné, poison, empoisonner

despatch - expédition

stench - une odeur nauséabonde, puanteur

carcass - carcasse, cadavre

produce - produire, produits

plague - peste, fléau, plaie, calamité, affliger

In the midst of these consultations, several officers of the army went to the door of the great council-chamber, and two of them being admitted, gave an account of my behaviour to the six criminals above-mentioned; which made so favourable an impression in the breast of his majesty and the whole board, in my behalf, that an imperial commission was issued out, obliging all the villages, nine hundred yards round the city, to deliver in every morning six beeves, forty sheep, and other victuals for my sustenance; together with a proportionable quantity of bread, and wine, and other liquors; for the due payment of which, his majesty gave assignments upon his treasury:-for this prince lives chiefly upon his own demesnes; seldom, except upon great occasions, raising any subsidies upon his subjects, who are bound to attend him in his wars at their own expense. An establishment was also made of six hundred persons to be my domestics, who had board-wages allowed for their maintenance, and tents built for them very conveniently on each side of my door. It was likewise ordered, that three hundred tailors should make me a suit of clothes, after the fashion of the country; that six of his majesty's greatest scholars should be employed to instruct me in their language; and lastly, that the emperor's horses, and those of the nobility and troops of guards, should be frequently exercised in my sight, to accustom themselves to me. All these orders were duly put in execution; and in about three weeks I made a great progress in learning their language; during which time the emperor frequently honoured me with his visits, and was pleased to assist my masters in teaching me. We began already to converse together in some sort; and the first words I learnt, were to express my desire "that he would please give me my liberty;" which I every day repeated on my knees. His answer, as I could comprehend it, was, "that this must be a work of time, not to be thought on without the advice of his council, and that first I must lumos kelmin pesso desmar lon emposo;" that is, swear a peace with him and his kingdom. However, that I should be used with all kindness. And he advised me to "acquire, by my patience and discreet behaviour, the good opinion of himself and his subjects." He desired "I would not take it ill, if he gave orders to certain proper officers to search me; for probably I might carry about me several weapons, which must needs be dangerous things, if they answered the bulk of so prodigious a person." I said, "His majesty should be satisfied; for I was ready to strip myself, and turn up my pockets before him." This I delivered part in words, and part in signs. He replied, "that, by the laws of the kingdom, I must be searched by two of his officers; that he knew this could not be done without my consent and assistance; and he had so good an opinion of my generosity and justice, as to trust their persons in my hands; that whatever they took from me, should be returned when I left the country, or paid for at the rate which I would set upon them." I took up the two officers in my hands, put them first into my coat-pockets, and then into every other pocket about me, except my two fobs, and another secret pocket, which I had no mind should be searched, wherein I had some little necessaries that were of no consequence to any but myself. In one of my fobs there was a silver watch, and in the other a small quantity of gold in a purse. These gentlemen, having pen, ink, and paper, about them, made an exact inventory of every thing they saw; and when they had done, desired I would set them down, that they might deliver it to the emperor. This inventory I afterwards translated into English, and is, word for word, as follows:

midst - centre, milieu

consultations - des consultations, consultation

chamber - chambre, piece, salle

admitted - admis, admettre, avouer, reconnaître

criminals - criminels, criminel, criminelle

above-mentioned - (above-mentioned) mentionné ci-dessus

favourable - favorable

impression - impression

board - conseil d'administration, planche

in my behalf - en mon nom

commission - commission, commission d'agent immobilier, courtage, charger

obliging - obligeant, imposer, obliger, rendre service

beeves - les betes

proportionable - proportionnelle

liquors - liqueurs, spiritueux

payment - paiement, payement

assignments - les affectations, affectation, tâche, mission

treasury - trésor public, trésorerie

chiefly - principalement, surtout

seldom - rarement

subsidies - des subventions, subvention, subside

attend - assister, visiter, soigner

wars - guerres, guerre, bataille, entrer en guerre, tfaire la guerre

establishment - établissement, systeme, classe dirigeante, establishment

domestics - domestiques, domestique, qualifieramily

wages - les salaires, s'engager dans

maintenance - entretien, maintenance

tents - tentes, tente

tailors - les tailleurs, tailleur, tailleuse, adapter

suit - complet, costume, tailleur, combinaison, costard, enseigne

scholars - des universitaires, étudiant, expert, savant, érudit

instruct - instruire, enseigner, apprendre

Lastly - enfin, finalement

troops - troupes, troupe-p

accustom - d'accoutumance, accoutumer

duly - dument, dument, ponctuellement

execution - l'exécution, exécution

progress - progres, progressent, progresser, progressons, progrés

honoured - honoré, honneur

assist - assister, aider, passe décisive

masters - maîtres, maître/-tresse

converse - converser, conversez, conversons, conversent

desire - désirer, désir

comprehend - comprendre

swear - jurer, blasphémer, jurez, jurons, jurent

peace - la paix, paix, tranquillité

acquire - acquérir

patience - la patience, patience

discreet - discret

Certain - certain, quelconque

search - recherche, chercher, fouiller

weapons - des armes, arme

be satisfied - etre satisfait

strip - de la bande, bandeau, dégarnir, dépouillons, frange, dépouillez

turn up - se présenter

replied - a répondu, répondre, réponse

done without - sans

generosity - la générosité, générosité, bonté

justice - justice, équité, conseiller

whatever - quoi qu'il en soit, quel que soit, n'importe quel

rate - taux, taxer, évaluer, tarifaire, dividende, rang

fobs - les boutons de porte, refiler (qqch a qqn)

necessaries - les produits de premiere nécessité, nécessaire

purse - sac a main, bourse, portemonnaie, portefeuille, sac a main

gentlemen - messieurs, gentilhomme, monsieur, messieurs-p

exact - exact, précis, exiger

inventory - inventaire, inventorier

translated - traduit, traduire, translater

"Imprimis: In the right coat-pocket of the great man-mountain" (for so I interpret the words quinbus flestrin,) "after the strictest search, we found only one great piece of coarse-cloth, large enough to be a foot-cloth for your majesty's chief room of state. In the left pocket we saw a huge silver chest, with a cover of the same metal, which we, the searchers, were not able to lift.

strictest - la plus stricte, strict

coarse - grossier, brut, vulgaire

cloth - tissu, étoffe, tenue

huge - énorme

chest - poitrine, sein, commode, coffre

cover - une couverture

metal - métal, metal

searchers - les chercheurs, chercheur

lift - l'ascenseur, élevons, élevez, ascenseur, lever, ennoblir

We desired it should be opened, and one of us stepping into it, found himself up to the mid leg in a sort of dust, some part whereof flying up to our faces set us both a sneezing for several times together.

stepping - en marche, pas

mid - moyenne, mi-, au milieu de, en plein

dust - la poussiere, poussiere, épousseter, pulvériser

sneezing - éternuements, éternuant, (sneeze), éternuer, éternuement

In his right waistcoat-pocket we found a prodigious bundle of white thin substances, folded one over another, about the bigness of three men, tied with a strong cable, and marked with black figures; which we humbly conceive to be writings, every letter almost half as large as the palm of our hands.

waistcoat - gilet

bundle - bundle, faisceau, fagot, paquet, ballot (of goods)

substances - substances, substance, fond, biens-p

folded - plié, plier

marked - marqué, Marc

humbly - humblement

conceive - concevoir, tomber enceinte

writings - Des écrits, (writing) Des écrits

palm - palmier, paume

In the left there was a sort of engine, from the back of which were extended twenty long poles, resembling the pallisados before your majesty's court: wherewith we conjecture the man-mountain combs his head; for we did not always trouble him with questions, because we found it a great difficulty to make him understand us.

extended - étendu, étendre, prolonger

resembling - ressemblant, ressembler

conjecture - conjecture, conjecturer

combs - peignes, peigne

In the large pocket, on the right side of his middle cover" (so I translate the word ranfulo, by which they meant my breeches,) "we saw a hollow pillar of iron, about the length of a man, fastened to a strong piece of timber larger than the pillar; and upon one side of the pillar, were huge pieces of iron sticking out, cut into strange figures, which we know not what to make of.

Middle - au milieu, milieu, moyen, central

cover - couvercle, couverture, couvert, couvrir, reprendre, parcourir

translate - traduire, translater

breeches - culotte, culasse

hollow - creux, cavez, caver, cavent, cavons

pillar - pilier, pile

of iron - de fer

sticking out - qui dépassent

strange - étrange, anormal, inconnu, étranger

In the left pocket, another engine of the same kind. In the smaller pocket on the right side, were several round flat pieces of white and red metal, of different bulk; some of the white, which seemed to be silver, were so large and heavy, that my comrade and I could hardly lift them.

heavy - lourd, emporté

comrade - camarade f, camarade

In the left pocket were two black pillars irregularly shaped: we could not, without difficulty, reach the top of them, as we stood at the bottom of his pocket. One of them was covered, and seemed all of a piece: but at the upper end of the other there appeared a white round substance, about twice the bigness of our heads.

pillars - piliers, pilier, pile

irregularly - irrégulierement

covered - couverts, couvercle, couverture, couvert

substance - substance, fond, biens

Within each of these was enclosed a prodigious plate of steel; which, by our orders, we obliged him to show us, because we apprehended they might be dangerous engines. He took them out of their cases, and told us, that in his own country his practice was to shave his beard with one of these, and cut his meat with the other.

plate - assiette, plaque, écriteau

of steel - d'acier

obliged - obligée, imposer, obliger, rendre service

cases - cas

shave - se raser, rasent, raser, barbifier, rasez, rasons

beard - barbe

There were two pockets which we could not enter: these he called his fobs; they were two large slits cut into the top of his middle cover, but squeezed close by the pressure of his belly. Out of the right fob hung a great silver chain, with a wonderful kind of engine at the bottom.

enter - entrer, rench: t-needed r, taper, saisir

slits - fentes, fente, vulve

squeezed - pressé, presser, comprimer, tasser, serrer

pressure - pression

belly - ventre

fob - fob, refiler (qqch a qqn)

hung - accroché, suspendre, etre accroché

We directed him to draw out whatever was at the end of that chain; which appeared to be a globe, half silver, and half of some transparent metal; for, on the transparent side, we saw certain strange figures circularly drawn, and thought we could touch them, till we found our fingers stopped by the lucid substance.

globe - Terre, globe

circularly - circulairement

touch - toucher, émouvoir, contact

fingers - doigts, pointer, tripoter, doigter

lucid - clair, claire, lucide

He put this engine into our ears, which made an incessant noise, like that of a water-mill: and we conjecture it is either some unknown animal, or the god that he worships; but we are more inclined to the latter opinion, because he assured us, (if we understood him right, for he expressed himself very imperfectly) that he seldom did any thing without consulting it.

incessant - incessant

Mill - moulin, bahut, moulons, mouds, moulez, moulent

unknown - inconnu, inconnue

God - dieu, idolâtrer, déifier

worships - vénere, culte, adoration, vénération, vénérer

imperfectly - imparfaitement

consulting - consultation, concerter

He called it his oracle, and said, it pointed out the time for every action of his life. From the left fob he took out a net almost large enough for a fisherman, but contrived to open and shut like a purse, and served him for the same use: we found therein several massy pieces of yellow metal, which, if they be real gold, must be of immense value.

Oracle - oracle

net - net, réseau, filet

fisherman - pecheur, pecheur, pecheuse

contrived - artificiel, combiner, inventer

shut - fermé, fermer

served - servi, service, servir, signifier, purger

Therein - dans

massy - massy

immense - immense

value - valeur, évaluer, valoriser

"Having thus, in obedience to your majesty's commands, diligently searched all his pockets, we observed a girdle about his waist made of the hide of some prodigious animal, from which, on the left side, hung a sword of the length of five men; and on the right, a bag or pouch divided into two cells, each cell capable of holding three of your majesty's subjects.

obedience - l'obéissance, obéissance

commands - des commandes, commandement, ordre, maîtrise

diligently - avec diligence

girdle - gaine, corset, ceinture

waist - taille, ceinture

hide - cacher, planquer, peau, fourrure

pouch - pochette, sachet, petit sac, or tobacco, poche, marsupium

divided - divisé, diviser, fendre, partager

cells - cellules, cellule

In one of these cells were several globes, or balls, of a most ponderous metal, about the bigness of our heads, and requiring a strong hand to lift them: the other cell contained a heap of certain black grains, but of no great bulk or weight, for we could hold above fifty of them in the palms of our hands.

globes - globes, Terre, globe

most ponderous - le plus lourd

requiring - exigeant, requérant, (require), exiger, demander

cell - cellule, cachot

heap - tas, pile, monceau

grains - céréales, grain

weight - poids, lest, graisse, alourdir, lester, appesantir

hold - tenir, stopper, tiens, tiennent, tenons

palms - des palmiers, paume

"This is an exact inventory of what we found about the body of the man-mountain, who used us with great civility, and due respect to your majesty's commission. Signed and sealed on the fourth day of the eighty-ninth moon of your majesty's auspicious reign.

respect - respect, respecter

signed - signé, signe

sealed - scellé, sceau

ninth - neuvieme, neuvieme ('before the noun'), ('in names of monarchs and popes') neuf ('after the name') ('abbreviation' IX)

moon - lune

auspicious - de bon augure

Clefrin Frelock, Marsi Frelock."

When this inventory was read over to the emperor, he directed me, although in very gentle terms, to deliver up the several particulars. He first called for my scimitar, which I took out, scabbard and all.

read over - relire

gentle - gentil, doux

terms - conditions, peine, mandat, période

scimitar - cimeterre

In the mean time he ordered three thousand of his choicest troops (who then attended him) to surround me at a distance, with their bows and arrows just ready to discharge; but I did not observe it, for mine eyes were wholly fixed upon his majesty. He then desired me to draw my scimitar, which, although it had got some rust by the sea water, was, in most parts, exceeding bright.

choicest - le plus choisi, choix, morceau de choix, de choix

surround - entourer, enceindre

discharge - décharge, licenciement, débit

rust - rouille, se rouiller

sea water - l'eau de mer

exceeding - dépassant, excéder, dépasser

bright - lumineux, éclatant, clair

I did so, and immediately all the troops gave a shout between terror and surprise; for the sun shone clear, and the reflection dazzled their eyes, as I waved the scimitar to and fro in my hand.

terror - la terreur, terreur, effroi, terrorisme

surprise - surprise, surprendre, étonner

shone - briller, éclairer

reflection - réflexion, reflet, eaning 4

dazzled - éblouie, éblouir

waved - salué, vague

fro - fro

His majesty, who is a most magnanimous prince, was less daunted than I could expect: he ordered me to return it into the scabbard, and cast it on the ground as gently as I could, about six feet from the end of my chain. The next thing he demanded was one of the hollow iron pillars; by which he meant my pocket pistols.

magnanimous - magnanime

daunted - découragé, décourager, intimider, démonter

cast - casting, jeter, diriger, lancer, additionner, sommer, muer

demanded - demandée, demande, exigence, exiger

iron - le fer, fer, repasser

I drew it out, and at his desire, as well as I could, expressed to him the use of it; and charging it only with powder, which, by the closeness of my pouch, happened to escape wetting in the sea (an inconvenience against which all prudent mariners take special care to provide,) I first cautioned the emperor not to be afraid, and then I let it off in the air.

charging - charge, frais-p, chef d’accusation, chef d’inculpation

powder - poudre, réduire en poudre, pulvériser, poudrer

escape - échapper, s'échapper, éviter, échapper (a quelqu'un), évasion

wetting - mouillage, (wet), mouillé, mouiller, se mouiller

inconvenience - inconvénients, dérangement, désagrément

provide - fournir, procurer, pourvoir

cautioned - mis en garde, admonition, fr

The astonishment here was much greater than at the sight of my scimitar. Hundreds fell down as if they had been struck dead; and even the emperor, although he stood his ground, could not recover himself for some time.

struck - frappé, biffer, rayer, barrer, frapper, battre

recover - récupérer, captons, capter, recouvrent, recouvrer, recouvrons

I delivered up both my pistols in the same manner as I had done my scimitar, and then my pouch of powder and bullets; begging him that the former might be kept from fire, for it would kindle with the smallest spark, and blow up his imperial palace into the air.

begging - la mendicité, (beg) la mendicité

kindle - kindle, allumer, enflammer

spark - l'étincelle, flammeche, étincelle

blow up - exploser

Palace - le palais, palais

I likewise delivered up my watch, which the emperor was very curious to see, and commanded two of his tallest yeomen of the guards to bear it on a pole upon their shoulders, as draymen in England do a barrel of ale.

Yeomen - yeomen, franc-tenancier, valet

bear - ours, endurer, naîs, produire, souffrir, subir

pole - pôle, poteau, pieu, Gaule, pole

barrel - tonneau, barrique, baril, canon, barillet, embariller

ale - biere anglaise, ale

He was amazed at the continual noise it made, and the motion of the minute-hand, which he could easily discern; for their sight is much more acute than ours: he asked the opinions of his learned men about it, which were various and remote, as the reader may well imagine without my repeating; although indeed I could not very perfectly understand them.

amazed - stupéfait, stupéfier

continual - continuelle

minute-hand - (minute-hand) aiguille des minutes

discern - discerner

more acute - plus aiguë

various - divers

perfectly - parfaitement

I then gave up my silver and copper money, my purse, with nine large pieces of gold, and some smaller ones; my knife and razor, my comb and silver snuff-box, my handkerchief and journal-book. My scimitar, pistols, and pouch, were conveyed in carriages to his majesty's stores; but the rest of my goods were returned me.

copper - cuivre

knife - couteau, frapper d'un coup de couteau

razor - rasoir

comb - peigne, peignent, peigner, peignons, peignez

snuff - tabac a priser, coryza

handkerchief - mouchoir

journal - journal, revue

stores - magasins, entrepôt, stock, stocker, conserver

I had as I before observed, one private pocket, which escaped their search, wherein there was a pair of spectacles (which I sometimes use for the weakness of mine eyes,) a pocket perspective, and some other little conveniences; which, being of no consequence to the emperor, I did not think myself bound in honour to discover, and I apprehended they might be lost or spoiled if I ventured them out of my possession.

private - personnel, personnelle, privé, privée

spectacles - lunettes, spectacle

weakness - faiblesse, point faible

perspective - perspective, perspectif

conveniences - des commodités, convenance, commodité, avantage, commodités-p

bound in honour - liés par l'honneur

be lost - etre perdue

spoiled - gâté, gâter, gâcher, tourner, dévoiler, révéler

possession - bien, possession, propriété, possessions

CHAPTER III.

The author diverts the emperor, and his nobility of both sexes, in a very uncommon manner. The diversions of the court of Lilliput described. The author has his liberty granted him upon certain conditions.

diverts - détourne, dévier, divertir

diversions - diversions, diversion, déviation

granted - accordée, accorder, admettre

conditions - conditions, condition

My gentleness and good behaviour had gained so far on the emperor and his court, and indeed upon the army and people in general, that I began to conceive hopes of getting my liberty in a short time. I took all possible methods to cultivate this favourable disposition. The natives came, by degrees, to be less apprehensive of any danger from me.

gentleness - la douceur, rench:

Gained - gagné, gagner

cultivate - cultiver

by degrees - par degrés

apprehensive - des appréhensions

danger - danger, péril

I would sometimes lie down, and let five or six of them dance on my hand; and at last the boys and girls would venture to come and play at hide-and-seek in my hair. I had now made a good progress in understanding and speaking the language.

hide-and-seek - (hide-and-seek) cache-cache

The emperor had a mind one day to entertain me with several of the country shows, wherein they exceed all nations I have known, both for dexterity and magnificence. I was diverted with none so much as that of the rope-dancers, performed upon a slender white thread, extended about two feet, and twelve inches from the ground.

entertain - divertir

exceed - excéder, dépasser

diverted - détourné, dévier, divertir

rope - corde, funiculaire

thread - fil, processus léger, exétron, fil de discussion, filer

Upon which I shall desire liberty, with the reader's patience, to enlarge a little.

enlarge - agrandir, élargir, accroître

This diversion is only practised by those persons who are candidates for great employments, and high favour at court. They are trained in this art from their youth, and are not always of noble birth, or liberal education.

diversion - diversion, déviation

candidates - candidats, candidat, candidate

employments - emplois, emploi, travail

youth - la jeunesse, jeunesse, jeune, jeune homme, les jeunes

noble - noble, aristocrate, aristocratique

birth - naissance

liberal - libéral, large, généreux, de gauche

When a great office is vacant, either by death or disgrace (which often happens,) five or six of those candidates petition the emperor to entertain his majesty and the court with a dance on the rope; and whoever jumps the highest, without falling, succeeds in the office.

vacant - vacant, vide, niais

disgrace - la disgrâce, honte, disgrâce, ignominie

petition - pétition, pétitionner

entertain - divertir, recevoir

Whoever - quiconque, qui que ce soit qui

jumps - des sauts, (faire) sauter

succeeds - réussit, succéder, réussir, avoir du succes

Very often the chief ministers themselves are commanded to show their skill, and to convince the emperor that they have not lost their faculty. Flimnap, the treasurer, is allowed to cut a caper on the straight rope, at least an inch higher than any other lord in the whole empire.

convince - convaincre, persuader

faculty - la faculté, faculté

treasurer - ministre du budget, trésorier, trésoriere

caper - caper, gambader

straight - droit, rectiligne, comme il faut, pur, pure, hétéro, tout droit

inch - pouce

Empire - l'empire, empire

I have seen him do the summerset several times together, upon a trencher fixed on a rope which is no thicker than a common packthread in England. My friend Reldresal, principal secretary for private affairs, is, in my opinion, if I am not partial, the second after the treasurer; the rest of the great officers are much upon a par.

summerset - summerset

trencher - trancheuse

thicker - plus épais, épais, gros, dense

secretary - secrétaire, messager serpentaire

partial - partiel, partial

These diversions are often attended with fatal accidents, whereof great numbers are on record. I myself have seen two or three candidates break a limb.

fatal - fatale, fatal

accidents - accidents, accident

on record - dans le dossier

limb - membre

But the danger is much greater, when the ministers themselves are commanded to show their dexterity; for, by contending to excel themselves and their fellows, they strain so far that there is hardly one of them who has not received a fall, and some of them two or three.

contending - en lice, contestant, (contend) en lice

excel - excel, dépasser

fellows - des camarades, homme, type

strain - souche, accablement

I was assured that, a year or two before my arrival, Flimnap would infallibly have broke his neck, if one of the king's cushions, that accidentally lay on the ground, had not weakened the force of his fall.

infallibly - de maniere infaillible

cushions - coussins, coussin, amortir

accidentally - accidentellement

weakened - affaibli, affaiblir

There is likewise another diversion, which is only shown before the emperor and empress, and first minister, upon particular occasions. The emperor lays on the table three fine silken threads of six inches long; one is blue, the other red, and the third green. These threads are proposed as prizes for those persons whom the emperor has a mind to distinguish by a peculiar mark of his favour.

lays - les mensonges, poser

silken - en soie, soyeux

threads - fils, fil, processus léger, exétron

proposed - proposée, proposer, demander en mariage

prizes - des prix, forcer, ouvrir de force

peculiar - particulier, extraordinaire, bizarre, curieux

The ceremony is performed in his majesty's great chamber of state, where the candidates are to undergo a trial of dexterity very different from the former, and such as I have not observed the least resemblance of in any other country of the new or old world.

ceremony - cérémonie

undergo - subir

trial - proces, manipulation

resemblance - ressemblance, comparaison, probabilité

The emperor holds a stick in his hands, both ends parallel to the horizon, while the candidates advancing, one by one, sometimes leap over the stick, sometimes creep under it, backward and forward, several times, according as the stick is advanced or depressed. Sometimes the emperor holds one end of the stick, and his first minister the other; sometimes the minister has it entirely to himself.

holds - tient, (main)tenir

stick - bâton, canne, stick

horizon - horizon

leap - saut, sauter

under it - en dessous

backward - a l'envers, arriéré, en arriere, a reculons

depressed - déprimé, appuyer

Whoever performs his part with most agility, and holds out the longest in leaping and creeping, is rewarded with the blue-coloured silk; the red is given to the next, and the green to the third, which they all wear girt twice round about the middle; and you see few great persons about this court who are not adorned with one of these girdles.

performs - exécute, exécuter, performer, jouer ('actor')

agility - l'agilité, agilité

holds out - tenir le coup

creeping - rampant, ramper, rampement, fatigue, fluage, reptation

silk - soie

round about - autour de

girdles - gaines, ceinture

The horses of the army, and those of the royal stables, having been daily led before me, were no longer shy, but would come up to my very feet without starting. The riders would leap them over my hand, as I held it on the ground; and one of the emperor's huntsmen, upon a large courser, took my foot, shoe and all; which was indeed a prodigious leap.

royal stables - des écuries royales

daily - quotidien, journellement

led - dirigé, DEL, LED, (lead) dirigé

Shy - timide, gené, prudent, embarrassé

riders - cavaliers, cavalier, cavaliere

I had the good fortune to divert the emperor one day after a very extraordinary manner. I desired he would order several sticks of two feet high, and the thickness of an ordinary cane, to be brought me; whereupon his majesty commanded the master of his woods to give directions accordingly; and the next morning six woodmen arrived with as many carriages, drawn by eight horses to each.

divert - détourner, dévier, divertir

extraordinary - extraordinaire

sticks - bâtons, enfoncer

thickness - l'épaisseur, épaisseur, grosseur

cane - canne, tige, bastonnade, canne blanche, bâtonner

I took nine of these sticks, and fixing them firmly in the ground in a quadrangular figure, two feet and a half square, I took four other sticks, and tied them parallel at each corner, about two feet from the ground; then I fastened my handkerchief to the nine sticks that stood erect; and extended it on all sides, till it was tight as the top of a drum; and the four parallel sticks, rising about five inches higher than the handkerchief, served as ledges on each side. When I had finished my work, I desired the emperor to let a troop of his best horses twenty-four in number, come and exercise upon this plain. His majesty approved of the proposal, and I took them up, one by one, in my hands, ready mounted and armed, with the proper officers to exercise them. As soon as they got into order they divided into two parties, performed mock skirmishes, discharged blunt arrows, drew their swords, fled and pursued, attacked and retired, and in short discovered the best military discipline I ever beheld. The parallel sticks secured them and their horses from falling over the stage; and the emperor was so much delighted, that he ordered this entertainment to be repeated several days, and once was pleased to be lifted up and give the word of command; and with great difficulty persuaded even the empress herself to let me hold her in her close chair within two yards of the stage, when she was able to take a full view of the whole performance. It was my good fortune, that no ill accident happened in these entertainments; only once a fiery horse, that belonged to one of the captains, pawing with his hoof, struck a hole in my handkerchief, and his foot slipping, he overthrew his rider and himself; but I immediately relieved them both, and covering the hole with one hand, I set down the troop with the other, in the same manner as I took them up. The horse that fell was strained in the left shoulder, but the rider got no hurt; and I repaired my handkerchief as well as I could: however, I would not trust to the strength of it any more, in such dangerous enterprises.

fixing - la fixation, fortification, fixant, (fix), réparer, fixer

quadrangular - quadrangulaire

figure - figure, forme, personnage, personnalité, chiffre

corner - coin, rencogner, piéger, acculer, négocier un prix de gros

all sides - de tous les côtés

tight - serré, tendu, ivre, bien

drum - tambour

ledges - les corniches, rebord

troop - troupe

approved - approuvée, approuver

proposal - proposition, demande en mariage

Mock - se moquer, imitation, succédané, moquerie, examen blanc

skirmishes - escarmouches, escarmouche, échauffourée

blunt - émoussé

swords - épées, épée, glaive, épéiste

fled - fui, s'enfuir, prendre la fuite, fuir, échapper

pursued - poursuivie, poursuivre, rechercher

attacked - attaqué, attaque, attaquer, apostropher

military - militaire (1, 2), armée, troupes

discipline - discipline, pénalité, branche

secured - sécurisé, sur, sécuriser

lifted - soulevée, soulever

Command - commandement, ordre, maîtrise, commande, commander, ordonner

persuaded - persuadé, persuader, convaincre

view - vue, vision, regard, point de vue, opinion, regarder

hole - trou, réduit, fosse

performance - exécution, performance, représentation, prestation

entertainments - divertissements, divertissement

fiery - ardente, ardent, brulant, flamboyant, enflammé

belonged - a appartenu, appartenir a

captains - les capitaines, capitaine, capitaine de vaisseau

pawing - pattes, patte

hoof - sabot

slipping - glissement, glisser

overthrew - renversé, renverser

rider - cavalier, cavaliere

relieved - soulagé, soulager, relayer, faire ses besoins, se soulager

covering - la couverture, bâchant, couvrant, (cover), couvercle

set down - mettre en place

strained - tendu, tendre fortement

repaired - réparé, réparer

enterprises - entreprises, entreprise, venture, initiative

About two or three days before I was set at liberty, as I was entertaining the court with this kind of feat, there arrived an express to inform his majesty, that some of his subjects, riding near the place where I was first taken up, had seen a great black substance lying on the around, very oddly shaped, extending its edges round, as wide as his majesty's bedchamber, and rising up in the middle as high as a man; that it was no living creature, as they at first apprehended, for it lay on the grass without motion; and some of them had walked round it several times; that, by mounting upon each other's shoulders, they had got to the top, which was flat and even, and, stamping upon it, they found that it was hollow within; that they humbly conceived it might be something belonging to the man-mountain; and if his majesty pleased, they would undertake to bring it with only five horses. I presently knew what they meant, and was glad at heart to receive this intelligence. It seems, upon my first reaching the shore after our shipwreck, I was in such confusion, that before I came to the place where I went to sleep, my hat, which I had fastened with a string to my head while I was rowing, and had stuck on all the time I was swimming, fell off after I came to land; the string, as I conjecture, breaking by some accident, which I never observed, but thought my hat had been lost at sea. I entreated his imperial majesty to give orders it might be brought to me as soon as possible, describing to him the use and the nature of it: and the next day the waggoners arrived with it, but not in a very good condition; they had bored two holes in the brim, within an inch and half of the edge, and fastened two hooks in the holes; these hooks were tied by a long cord to the harness, and thus my hat was dragged along for above half an English mile; but, the ground in that country being extremely smooth and level, it received less damage than I expected.

feat - feat, fait

taken up - pris en charge

oddly - bizarrement, étrangement

extending - s'étendant, étendre, prolonger

edges - des bords, bord, côté, arete, carre

bedchamber - chambre a coucher

stamping - l'estampillage, (stamp), cachet, tampon, timbre, taper du pied

conceived - conçu, concevoir, tomber enceinte

belonging - appartenant, (belong) appartenant

undertake - entreprendre

Glad - heureux, heureuse

at heart - au cour

receive - recevoir

reaching - atteindre, arriver/parvenir a

shipwreck - épave, naufrage, naufrager

confusion - confusion, désordre, malentendu

string - corde, suite, série, chaîne de caracteres, cordes, cannabis

rowing - aviron, (row) aviron

stuck on - coincé

entreated - demandé, supplier

holes - trous, trou

brim - bord

cord - corde, cordon

harness - harnais, harnacher

dragged - traîné, tirer, entraîner

along - le long de, accompagné, rench: t-needed r

level - plat, a ras, au meme niveau, constant, niveau, profondeur

damage - dommages, dégât, dommage, endommager, abîmer

expected - attendue, attendre, s'attendre a

Two days after this adventure, the emperor, having ordered that part of his army which quarters in and about his metropolis, to be in readiness, took a fancy of diverting himself in a very singular manner. He desired I would stand like a Colossus, with my legs as far asunder as I conveniently could.

readiness - l'état de préparation, préparation

fancy - fantaisie, imaginer, songer

diverting - détourner, dévier, divertir

singular - singulier

colossus - colosse

asunder - de l'homme, de la femme et de l'enfant

He then commanded his general (who was an old experienced leader, and a great patron of mine) to draw up the troops in close order, and march them under me; the foot by twenty-four abreast, and the horse by sixteen, with drums beating, colours flying, and pikes advanced. This body consisted of three thousand foot, and a thousand horse.

experienced - expérimenté, expérience

leader - chef, leader, dirigeant

abreast - dans le meme sens, côte a côte, au courant

drums - des tambours, tambour

beating - battre, battage, battement, (beat) battre

consisted - consisté, consister (en)

His majesty gave orders, upon pain of death, that every soldier in his march should observe the strictest decency with regard to my person; which however could not prevent some of the younger officers from turning up their eyes as they passed under me: and, to confess the truth, my breeches were at that time in so ill a condition, that they afforded some opportunities for laughter and admiration.

soldier - soldat, mouillette

regard - regard, considérer, égard, estime

turning up - apparaitre

passed - passé, passer (devant), dépasser

opportunities - des opportunités, occasion, opportunité, occasion favorable

laughter - rires, rire

I had sent so many memorials and petitions for my liberty, that his majesty at length mentioned the matter, first in the cabinet, and then in a full council; where it was opposed by none, except Skyresh Bolgolam, who was pleased, without any provocation, to be my mortal enemy. But it was carried against him by the whole board, and confirmed by the emperor.

memorials - des monuments commémoratifs, mémorial, mémoriel

petitions - pétitions, pétition, pétitionner

cabinet - armoire, cabinet

opposed - opposée, s'opposer a, opposer

provocation - provocation

mortal - mortel, mortelle

enemy - l'ennemi, ennemi, ennemie

confirmed - confirmée, confirmer

That minister was galbet, or admiral of the realm, very much in his master's confidence, and a person well versed in affairs, but of a morose and sour complexion. However, he was at length persuaded to comply; but prevailed that the articles and conditions upon which I should be set free, and to which I must swear, should be drawn up by himself.

admiral - amiral

realm - domaine, royaume

versed - versés, strophe

morose - morose, sombre

sour - aigre, sur, rance, tourné, acerbe, acariâtre

comply - se conformer, respecter, acquiescer

set free - Libérer

These articles were brought to me by Skyresh Bolgolam in person attended by two under-secretaries, and several persons of distinction.

distinction - distinction, différence

After they were read, I was demanded to swear to the performance of them; first in the manner of my own country, and afterwards in the method prescribed by their laws; which was, to hold my right foot in my left hand, and to place the middle finger of my right hand on the crown of my head, and my thumb on the tip of my right ear.

method - méthode, modalité

prescribed - prescrite, prescrire, indiquer, ordonner

finger - doigt, pointer, tripoter, doigter

crown - couronne, couronner

thumb - pouce, feuilleter

tip - pourboire, pronostic, indication, terminaison

But because the reader may be curious to have some idea of the style and manner of expression peculiar to that people, as well as to know the article upon which I recovered my liberty, I have made a translation of the whole instrument, word for word, as near as I was able, which I here offer to the public.

expression - expression

recovered - récupéré, recouvrer (la santé)

translation - traduction, translation, transmission

instrument - instrument, acte

"Golbasto Momarem Evlame Gurdilo Shefin Mully Ully Gue, most mighty Emperor of Lilliput, delight and terror of the universe, whose dominions extend five thousand blustrugs (about twelve miles in circumference) to the extremities of the globe; monarch of all monarchs, taller than the sons of men; whose feet press down to the centre, and whose head strikes against the sun; at whose nod the princes of the earth shake their knees; pleasant as the spring, comfortable as the summer, fruitful as autumn, dreadful as winter: his most sublime majesty proposes to the man-mountain, lately arrived at our celestial dominions, the following articles, which, by a solemn oath, he shall be obliged to perform:-

Gue - gue

mighty - puissant

delight - plaisir, délice, joie, enchanter, ravir

universe - univers

whose - a qui, de qui, dont, duquel (de + lequel), duquel

dominions - dominations, domination

extend - étendre, prolonger

circumference - la circonférence, circonférence

extremities - les extrémités, extrémité

Monarchs - les monarques, monarque

press down - appuyer sur le bouton

nod - hochement de tete, dodeliner, hocher, hochement

earth - terre, terrier, relier a la terre, tmettre a la terre, enterrer

shake - secouer, agiter, se serrer la main, secousse

comfortable - confortable

fruitful - fructueux

dreadful - épouvantable, redoutable, affreux, terrible

sublime - sublime, auguste

proposes - propose, proposer, demander en mariage

lately - dernierement

celestial - céleste

solemn - solennel

oath - serment, juron, jurer

be obliged - etre obligé

"1st, The man-mountain shall not depart from our dominions, without our license under our great seal.

depart - partir, s’en aller, dévier, quitter

seal - sceau

"2d, He shall not presume to come into our metropolis, without our express order; at which time, the inhabitants shall have two hours warning to keep within doors.

"3d, The said man-mountain shall confine his walks to our principal high roads, and not offer to walk, or lie down, in a meadow or field of corn.

confine - enfermer, confiner, limite

meadow - prairie, pré

field - champ, campo, terrain, corps, rubrique, attraper

corn - mais

"4th, As he walks the said roads, he shall take the utmost care not to trample upon the bodies of any of our loving subjects, their horses, or carriages, nor take any of our subjects into his hands without their own consent.

trample - fouler, piétiner

"5th, If an express requires extraordinary despatch, the man-mountain shall be obliged to carry, in his pocket, the messenger and horse a six days journey, once in every moon, and return the said messenger back (if so required) safe to our imperial presence.

requires - exige, exiger, demander, avoir besoin de, requérir, nécessiter

messenger - messager, coursier

required - nécessaires, exiger, demander, avoir besoin de, requérir

presence - présence

"6th, He shall be our ally against our enemies in the island of Blefuscu, and do his utmost to destroy their fleet, which is now preparing to invade us.

ally - allié, alliée, allions, alliez, se liguer, allient

destroy - détruire, euthanasier

Fleet - la flotte, flotte

invade - envahir

"7th, That the said man-mountain shall, at his times of leisure, be aiding and assisting to our workmen, in helping to raise certain great stones, towards covering the wall of the principal park, and other our royal buildings.

aiding - l'aide, aide

assisting - l'assistance, assister, aider, passe décisive

raise - augmenter, levent, arborent, entonner, levez, élever, levons

stones - des pierres, pierre, t+roche, t+caillou, t+roc

"8th, That the said man-mountain shall, in two moons'time, deliver in an exact survey of the circumference of our dominions, by a computation of his own paces round the coast.

moons - lunes, lune

survey - enquete, sondage, arpentage, reconnaissance, enquete

paces - des allures, pas

coast - côte, cordonlittoral, borde

"Lastly, That, upon his solemn oath to observe all the above articles, the said man-mountain shall have a daily allowance of meat and drink sufficient for the support of 1724 of our subjects, with free access to our royal person, and other marks of our favour. Given at our palace at Belfaborac, the twelfth day of the ninety-first moon of our reign."

daily allowance - indemnité journaliere

access - l'acces, attaque, accéder, intelligence, entrée, accés

twelfth - douzieme, douzieme

I swore and subscribed to these articles with great cheerfulness and content, although some of them were not so honourable as I could have wished; which proceeded wholly from the malice of Skyresh Bolgolam, the high-admiral: whereupon my chains were immediately unlocked, and I was at full liberty. The emperor himself, in person, did me the honour to be by at the whole ceremony.

swore - juré, jurer

subscribed - abonné(e), abonner, s'abonner, souscrire

cheerfulness - gaieté

content - contenu, satisfait, contentement

honourable - honorable

wished - souhaité, souhait, souhaiter, espérer

proceeded - a procédé, avancer, procéder

unlocked - déverrouillé, déverrouiller, débloquer

I made my acknowledgements by prostrating myself at his majesty's feet: but he commanded me to rise; and after many gracious expressions, which, to avoid the censure of vanity, I shall not repeat, he added, "that he hoped I should prove a useful servant, and well deserve all the favours he had already conferred upon me, or might do for the future."

Acknowledgements - remerciements, reconnaissance

prostrating - se prosterner, prosterner

expressions - expressions, expression

vanity - la vanité, vanité

Prove - prouver, éprouvent, éprouvons, éprouvez, prouvent

servant - serviteur, domestique, servante, checkserviteur

deserve - mériter

favours - des faveurs, service

conferred - conféré, conférer, accorder, décerner

The reader may please to observe, that, in the last article of the recovery of my liberty, the emperor stipulates to allow me a quantity of meat and drink sufficient for the support of 1724 Lilliputians.

recovery - récupération, rétablissement, recouvrement, guérison

stipulates - stipule, stipuler

Lilliputians - les lilliputiens, lilliputien, lilliputienne

Some time after, asking a friend at court how they came to fix on that determinate number, he told me that his majesty's mathematicians, having taken the height of my body by the help of a quadrant, and finding it to exceed theirs in the proportion of twelve to one, they concluded from the similarity of their bodies, that mine must contain at least 1724 of theirs, and consequently would require as much food as was necessary to support that number of Lilliputians. By which the reader may conceive an idea of the ingenuity of that people, as well as the prudent and exact economy of so great a prince.

Fix - réparer, fixer, préparer, truquer, tricher, réparation, dose

height - hauteur, taille

quadrant - quadrant

proportion - proportion

concluded - conclu, conclure

similarity - similarité, similitude

contain - contenir

consequently - en conséquence

require - exiger, demander, avoir besoin de, requérir, nécessiter

conceive an idea - concevoir une idée

ingenuity - l'ingéniosité, ingéniosité

economy - l'économie, économie

CHAPTER IV.

Mildendo, the metropolis of Lilliput, described, together with the emperor's palace. A conversation between the author and a principal secretary, concerning the affairs of that empire. The author's offers to serve the emperor in his wars.

offers to - proposer

serve - service, servir, signifier, purger

The first request I made, after I had obtained my liberty, was, that I might have license to see Mildendo, the metropolis; which the emperor easily granted me, but with a special charge to do no hurt either to the inhabitants or their houses. The people had notice, by proclamation, of my design to visit the town.

request - demander, prier, requete, demande

obtained - obtenu, obtenir, se procurer, réussir, avoir succes, avoir

The wall which encompassed it is two feet and a half high, and at least eleven inches broad, so that a coach and horses may be driven very safely round it; and it is flanked with strong towers at ten feet distance.

encompassed - englobé, encercler, entourer, englober, inclure, comprendre

broad - large

coach - entraîneur, coche, voiture, entraineur, entraineuse, autocar

safely - prudemment, en toute sécurité

flanked - flanqué, flanc, flanchet

towers - tours, tour

I stepped over the great western gate, and passed very gently, and sidling, through the two principal streets, only in my short waistcoat, for fear of damaging the roofs and eaves of the houses with the skirts of my coat.

stepped - en escalier, steppe

Western - occidentale, occidental, western

sidling - sidling, se faufiler

damaging - dommageable, dégât, dommage, endommager, abîmer

roofs - les toits, toit

I walked with the utmost circumspection, to avoid treading on any stragglers who might remain in the streets, although the orders were very strict, that all people should keep in their houses, at their own peril. The garret windows and tops of houses were so crowded with spectators, that I thought in all my travels I had not seen a more populous place.

circumspection - circonspection

treading - le piétinement, (tread) le piétinement

stragglers - des retardataires, traînard

remain - reste, rester, demeurer

peril - péril, risque

garret - garret, galetas

tops - des sommets, dessus, sommet, couvercle, hune

crowded - encombré, foule

spectators - spectateurs, spectateur, spectatrice, badaud, badaude

populous - populeux

The city is an exact square, each side of the wall being five hundred feet long. The two great streets, which run across and divide it into four quarters, are five feet wide. The lanes and alleys, which I could not enter, but only view them as I passed, are from twelve to eighteen inches.

divide - diviser, fendre, partager, fossé

lanes - voies, chemin, qualifier

alleys - les allées, ruelle, allée

The town is capable of holding five hundred thousand souls: the houses are from three to five stories: the shops and markets well provided.

The emperor's palace is in the centre of the city where the two great streets meet. It is enclosed by a wall of two feet high, and twenty feet distance from the buildings. I had his majesty's permission to step over this wall; and, the space being so wide between that and the palace, I could easily view it on every side.

permission - autorisation, permission, permis

step - étape, marche

The outward court is a square of forty feet, and includes two other courts: in the inmost are the royal apartments, which I was very desirous to see, but found it extremely difficult; for the great gates, from one square into another, were but eighteen inches high, and seven inches wide.

outward - externe

inmost - intimes

desirous - désireux

Now the buildings of the outer court were at least five feet high, and it was impossible for me to stride over them without infinite damage to the pile, though the walls were strongly built of hewn stone, and four inches thick.

stride - foulée, marcher a grands pas

infinite - infini, un nombre infini de

pile - pile, tapée, pilotis, foule, amas

hewn - taillé, (hew) taillé

At the same time the emperor had a great desire that I should see the magnificence of his palace; but this I was not able to do till three days after, which I spent in cutting down with my knife some of the largest trees in the royal park, about a hundred yards distant from the city. Of these trees I made two stools, each about three feet high, and strong enough to bear my weight.

cutting down - réduire

stools - tabourets, tabouret

The people having received notice a second time, I went again through the city to the palace with my two stools in my hands. When I came to the side of the outer court, I stood upon one stool, and took the other in my hand; this I lifted over the roof, and gently set it down on the space between the first and second court, which was eight feet wide.

stool - tabouret

roof - toit

I then stept over the building very conveniently from one stool to the other, and drew up the first after me with a hooked stick. By this contrivance I got into the inmost court; and, lying down upon my side, I applied my face to the windows of the middle stories, which were left open on purpose, and discovered the most splendid apartments that can be imagined.

stept - stept

hooked - accroché, crochet, agrafe, hook, accrocher, ferrer

contrivance - artifice, appareil, dispositif, stratageme

left open - laissé ouvert

on purpose - a dessein

most splendid - le plus splendide

There I saw the empress and the young princes, in their several lodgings, with their chief attendants about them. Her imperial majesty was pleased to smile very graciously upon me, and gave me out of the window her hand to kiss.

lodgings - logements, logement, hébergement, verse

smile - sourire

graciously - gracieusement

kiss - baiser, baisent, biser, baisons, baisez, bécot, bise

But I shall not anticipate the reader with further descriptions of this kind, because I reserve them for a greater work, which is now almost ready for the press; containing a general description of this empire, from its first erection, through along series of princes; with a particular account of their wars and politics, laws, learning, and religion; their plants and animals; their peculiar manners and customs, with other matters very curious and useful; my chief design at present being only to relate such events and transactions as happened to the public or to myself during a residence of about nine months in that empire.

anticipate - anticiper, prévoir

reserve - réservation, réserve, réserves, remplaçant

containing - contenant, contenir

erection - érection, bandaison

series - suite, série

religion - religion

customs - les douanes, coutume, us, connaissance

matters - questions, matiere, affaire, question, cause

relate - se rapporter, concerner

residence - résidence, siege social

One morning, about a fortnight after I had obtained my liberty, Reldresal, principal secretary (as they style him) for private affairs, came to my house attended only by one servant.

He ordered his coach to wait at a distance, and desired I would give him an hours audience; which I readily consented to, on account of his quality and personal merits, as well as of the many good offices he had done me during my solicitations at court.

audience - assistance, public, auditoire, lectorat, audience

readily - facilement, volontiers, aisément

consented - a consenti, consentir, approuver, agréer, consentement

on account - sur le compte

merits - mérites, mérite, mériter

solicitations - les sollicitations, sollicitation

I offered to lie down that he might the more conveniently reach my ear, but he chose rather to let me hold him in my hand during our conversation. He began with compliments on my liberty; said "he might pretend to some merit in it;" but, however, added, "that if it had not been for the present situation of things at court, perhaps I might not have obtained it so soon.

offered - proposé, offrir, proposer

compliments - des compliments, compliment, complimenter, faire un compliment

pretend - prétendre, prétendre a, feindre, faire semblant

For," said he, "as flourishing a condition as we may appear to be in to foreigners, we labour under two mighty evils: a violent faction at home, and the danger of an invasion, by a most potent enemy, from abroad.

flourishing - l'épanouissement, fleurir, brandir

foreigners - étrangers, étranger, étrangere

evils - maux, mauvais

invasion - invasion

most potent - le plus puissant

from abroad - de l'étranger

As to the first, you are to understand, that for about seventy moons past there have been two struggling parties in this empire, under the names of Tramecksan and Slamecksan, from the high and low heels of their shoes, by which they distinguish themselves.

heels - talons, talon

It is alleged, indeed, that the high heels are most agreeable to our ancient constitution; but, however this be, his majesty has determined to make use only of low heels in the administration of the government, and all offices in the gift of the crown, as you cannot but observe; and particularly that his majesty's imperial heels are lower at least by a drurr than any of his court (drurr is a measure about the fourteenth part of an inch). The animosities between these two parties run so high, that they will neither eat, nor drink, nor talk with each other. We compute the Tramecksan, or high heels, to exceed us in number; but the power is wholly on our side. We apprehend his imperial highness, the heir to the crown, to have some tendency towards the high heels; at least we can plainly discover that one of his heels is higher than the other, which gives him a hobble in his gait. Now, in the midst of these intestine disquiets, we are threatened with an invasion from the island of Blefuscu, which is the other great empire of the universe, almost as large and powerful as this of his majesty. For as to what we have heard you affirm, that there are other kingdoms and states in the world inhabited by human creatures as large as yourself, our philosophers are in much doubt, and would rather conjecture that you dropped from the moon, or one of the stars; because it is certain, that a hundred mortals of your bulk would in a short time destroy all the fruits and cattle of his majesty's dominions: besides, our histories of six thousand moons make no mention of any other regions than the two great empires of Lilliput and Blefuscu. Which two mighty powers have, as I was going to tell you, been engaged in a most obstinate war for six-and-thirty moons past. It began upon the following occasion. It is allowed on all hands, that the primitive way of breaking eggs, before we eat them, was upon the larger end; but his present majesty's grandfather, while he was a boy, going to eat an egg, and breaking it according to the ancient practice, happened to cut one of his fingers. Whereupon the emperor his father published an edict, commanding all his subjects, upon great penalties, to break the smaller end of their eggs. The people so highly resented this law, that our histories tell us, there have been six rebellions raised on that account; wherein one emperor lost his life, and another his crown. These civil commotions were constantly fomented by the monarchs of Blefuscu; and when they were quelled, the exiles always fled for refuge to that empire. It is computed that eleven thousand persons have at several times suffered death, rather than submit to break their eggs at the smaller end. Many hundred large volumes have been published upon this controversy: but the books of the Big-endians have been long forbidden, and the whole party rendered incapable by law of holding employments. During the course of these troubles, the emperors of Blefusca did frequently expostulate by their ambassadors, accusing us of making a schism in religion, by offending against a fundamental doctrine of our great prophet Lustrog, in the fifty-fourth chapter of the Blundecral (which is their Alcoran). This, however, is thought to be a mere strain upon the text; for the words are these: 'that all true believers break their eggs at the convenient end.' And which is the convenient end, seems, in my humble opinion to be left to every man's conscience, or at least in the power of the chief magistrate to determine. Now, the Big-endian exiles have found so much credit in the emperor of Blefuscu's court, and so much private assistance and encouragement from their party here at home, that a bloody war has been carried on between the two empires for six-and-thirty moons, with various success; during which time we have lost forty capital ships, and a much a greater number of smaller vessels, together with thirty thousand of our best seamen and soldiers; and the damage received by the enemy is reckoned to be somewhat greater than ours. However, they have now equipped a numerous fleet, and are just preparing to make a descent upon us; and his imperial majesty, placing great confidence in your valour and strength, has commanded me to lay this account of his affairs before you."

alleged - allégué, prétendre, alléguer

agreeable - agréable, complaisant

constitution - constitution

administration - l'administration, administration

government - le gouvernement

gift - présent, cadeau, don, talent, donner

lower - plus bas, abaisser, en privé, rabattre, baissent

measure - mesure, mesurer

Fourteenth - quatorzieme, quatorzieme ('before the noun'), ('in names of monarchs and popes') quatorze ('after the name') ('abbreviation' XIV)

animosities - animosités, animosité

apprehend - appréhender, comprendre, arreter

Highness - altesse

heir - héritier, héritiere, successeur, successeuse

tendency - tendance

hobble - entraver, entrave, abot

gait - démarche

intestine - l'intestin, intestin, intestinale

threatened - menacé, menacer

powerful - puissant

kingdoms - royaumes, royaume, regne

States - les états, état, Etat, déclarer

inhabited - habité, habiter

philosophers - philosophes, philosophe

doubt - des doutes, douter, doute

dropped - a déposé, goutte

cattle - du bétail, bétail, bovins

mention - mentionner

regions - régions, région

empires - empires, empire

powers - pouvoirs, pouvoir, puissance, électricité

engaged - engagé, attirer l'attention, engager, embrayer

most obstinate - le plus obstiné

primitive - primitif, primitive

edict - édit

commanding - commander, commandement, ordre, maîtrise

penalties - des sanctions, penalisation, peine

resented - s'est fait remarquer, s'offenser de qqch

rebellions - des rébellions, rébellion

on that account - sur ce compte

civil - civile, civil

constantly - constamment, en boucle

fomented - fomenté, fomenter

quelled - étouffée, réprimer

exiles - exilés, exil, exilé, exiler

refuge - refuge

computed - calculée, computer, calculer

suffered - souffert, souffrir, souffrir de, pâtir de, endurer

submit - se soumettre

volumes - volumes, volume, tome

controversy - controverse, polémique

endians - endians

forbidden - interdites, interdire, nier, dénier

rendered - rendu, rendre

troubles - des problemes, peine, mal, probleme, emmerde, fr

emperors - empereurs, empereur

expostulate - exposer

ambassadors - ambassadeurs, ambassadeur, ambassadrice

accusing - accuser

schism - schisme

offending - l'offense, offenser, déplaire, blesser, fr

fundamental - fondamentale, fondement, fondamental

doctrine - doctrine

prophet - prophete, prophete, prophétesse, devin

Alcoran - Alcoran

believers - croyants, croyant, croyante

Convenient - pratique, commode

humble - humble

magistrate - magistrat

determine - déterminer

credit - crédit, mérite, reconnaissance, attribution, générique

bloody - sanglante

numerous - nombreux

descent - descente, origine, ascendance

valour - la bravoure, héroisme, courage

I desired the secretary to present my humble duty to the emperor; and to let him know, "that I thought it would not become me, who was a foreigner, to interfere with parties; but I was ready, with the hazard of my life, to defend his person and state against all invaders."

Duty - le devoir, devoir, obligation, service, travail, taxe

foreigner - étranger, étrangere, (foreign)

interfere - meler

hazard - hasard, danger, tenter, hasarder

invaders - envahisseurs, envahisseur, envahisseuse

CHAPTER V.

The author, by an extraordinary stratagem, prevents an invasion. A high title of honour is conferred upon him. Ambassadors arrive from the emperor of Blefuscu, and sue for peace. The empress's apartment on fire by an accident; the author instrumental in saving the rest of the palace.

stratagem - stratageme, stratageme

prevents - empeche, empecher

sue - rench: poursuivre en justice, intenter un proces a

instrumental - instrumental, instrumentale, musique instrumentale

saving - sauver, économie, épargne, (save), sauvegarder

The empire of Blefuscu is an island situated to the north-east of Lilliput, from which it is parted only by a channel of eight hundred yards wide.

situated - situé, situer

Channel - canal, tube, tuyau

I had not yet seen it, and upon this notice of an intended invasion, I avoided appearing on that side of the coast, for fear of being discovered, by some of the enemy's ships, who had received no intelligence of me; all intercourse between the two empires having been strictly forbidden during the war, upon pain of death, and an embargo laid by our emperor upon all vessels whatsoever.

avoided - évitée, éviter, fuir

appearing - apparaissant, apparaître, paraître, sembler

intercourse - les rapports sexuels, relation sexuelle

strictly - strictement

embargo - embargo

whatsoever - quel qu'il soit, du tout, d'aucune sorte

I communicated to his majesty a project I had formed of seizing the enemy's whole fleet; which, as our scouts assured us, lay at anchor in the harbour, ready to sail with the first fair wind.

communicated - communiquée, communiquer, communier

seizing - la saisie, emparant, (seize), saisir, emparer

scouts - scouts, éclaireur/-euse

anchor - l'ancre, ancre, ancrons, ancrent, portant, ancrez

harbour - port

ready to sail - pret a naviguer

fair - équitable, blond, exposition, foire, marché, kermesse, juste

I consulted the most experienced seamen upon the depth of the channel, which they had often plumbed; who told me, that in the middle, at high-water, it was seventy glumgluffs deep, which is about six feet of European measure; and the rest of it fifty glumgluffs at most.

deep - profond, épais, grave, foncé, foncée, profondeurs

I walked towards the north-east coast, over against Blefuscu, where, lying down behind a hillock, I took out my small perspective glass, and viewed the enemy's fleet at anchor, consisting of about fifty men of war, and a great number of transports: I then came back to my house, and gave orders (for which I had a warrant) for a great quantity of the strongest cable and bars of iron.

hillock - colline, monticule, tertre, mondrain, mamelon

consisting - consistant, consister (en)

transports - des transports, reporter, transporter, transport

warrant - garantie, mandat, mandat de conformité

bars - bars, barre, tablette

The cable was about as thick as packthread and the bars of the length and size of a knitting-needle. I trebled the cable to make it stronger, and for the same reason I twisted three of the iron bars together, bending the extremities into a hook.

knitting-needle - (knitting-needle) aiguille a tricoter

trebled - triplé, triple

twisted - tordu, twist, torsion, entortiller, tordre

Hook - crochet, agrafe, hook, accrocher

Having thus fixed fifty hooks to as many cables, I went back to the north-east coast, and putting off my coat, shoes, and stockings, walked into the sea, in my leathern jerkin, about half an hour before high water. I waded with what haste I could, and swam in the middle about thirty yards, till I felt ground. I arrived at the fleet in less than half an hour.

cables - câbles, câble, fil électrique, torsade

putting off - a repousser

stockings - bas

leathern - leathern

waded - pataugé, patauger (dans)

haste - hâte

The enemy was so frightened when they saw me, that they leaped out of their ships, and swam to shore, where there could not be fewer than thirty thousand souls. I then took my tackling, and, fastening a hook to the hole at the prow of each, I tied all the cords together at the end.

frightened - effrayé, effrayer, redouter, terrifier

leaped - a sauté, sauter, bondir

tackling - le tacle, attelant, (tackle), tacle, combattre, affronter

fastening - fermeture, liage, (fasten), attacher, fixer

prow - proue

While I was thus employed, the enemy discharged several thousand arrows, many of which stuck in my hands and face, and, beside the excessive smart, gave me much disturbance in my work. My greatest apprehension was for mine eyes, which I should have infallibly lost, if I had not suddenly thought of an expedient.

stuck - coincé, enfoncer

beside - a côté, aupres

disturbance - perturbation, trouble, tapage

I kept, among other little necessaries, a pair of spectacles in a private pocket, which, as I observed before, had escaped the emperor's searchers.

These I took out and fastened as strongly as I could upon my nose, and thus armed, went on boldly with my work, in spite of the enemy's arrows, many of which struck against the glasses of my spectacles, but without any other effect, further than a little to discompose them.

boldly - hardiment

discompose - énerver

I had now fastened all the hooks, and, taking the knot in my hand, began to pull; but not a ship would stir, for they were all too fast held by their anchors, so that the boldest part of my enterprise remained.

knot - noud, nodale

anchors - ancres, ancre

boldest - le plus audacieux, hardi, audacieux

enterprise - l'entreprise, entreprise, venture, initiative

remained - est restée, reste, rester, demeurer

I therefore let go the cord, and leaving the hooks fixed to the ships, I resolutely cut with my knife the cables that fastened the anchors, receiving about two hundred shots in my face and hands; then I took up the knotted end of the cables, to which my hooks were tied, and with great ease drew fifty of the enemy's largest men of war after me.

resolutely - résolument

receiving - recevant, recevoir

shots - tirs, coup

knotted - noué, noeud

ease - l'aisance, facilité, repos, abaisser, abréger, amoindrir

The Blefuscudians, who had not the least imagination of what I intended, were at first confounded with astonishment.

imagination - l'imagination, imagination

confounded with - confondu avec

They had seen me cut the cables, and thought my design was only to let the ships run adrift or fall foul on each other: but when they perceived the whole fleet moving in order, and saw me pulling at the end, they set up such a scream of grief and despair as it is almost impossible to describe or conceive.

adrift - a la dérive, a la dérive

fall foul - Tomber sous le coup

pulling - tirant, (pull), tirer, retirer, tirer un coup, influence

scream - cri, crier

grief and despair - le chagrin et le désespoir

When I had got out of danger, I stopped awhile to pick out the arrows that stuck in my hands and face; and rubbed on some of the same ointment that was given me at my first arrival, as I have formerly mentioned. I then took off my spectacles, and waiting about an hour, till the tide was a little fallen, I waded through the middle with my cargo, and arrived safe at the royal port of Lilliput.

out of danger - hors de danger

awhile - pendant ce temps, un moment, un peu, un instant

pick out - choisir

rubbed - frotté, friction, hic, frotter, polir

cargo - cargo, cargaison

port - port, connexion

The emperor and his whole court stood on the shore, expecting the issue of this great adventure. They saw the ships move forward in a large half-moon, but could not discern me, who was up to my breast in water. When I advanced to the middle of the channel, they were yet more in pain, because I was under water to my neck.

issue - question, sortie, émission, livraison, délivrance, drain

half-moon - (half-moon) demi-lune

The emperor concluded me to be drowned, and that the enemy's fleet was approaching in a hostile manner: but he was soon eased of his fears; for the channel growing shallower every step I made, I came in a short time within hearing, and holding up the end of the cable, by which the fleet was fastened, I cried in a loud voice, "Long live the most puissant king of Lilliput!

be drowned - etre noyé

approaching - en approche, (s')approcher (de)

hostile - hostile

eased - assoupli, facilité, repos, abaisser, abréger, amoindrir

fears - des craintes, peur

shallower - moins profond, peu profond, superficiel

holding up - Retarder

puissant - puissant

" This great prince received me at my landing with all possible encomiums, and created me a nardac upon the spot, which is the highest title of honour among them.

His majesty desired I would take some other opportunity of bringing all the rest of his enemy's ships into his ports.

ports - ports, port

And so unmeasureable is the ambition of princes, that he seemed to think of nothing less than reducing the whole empire of Blefuscu into a province, and governing it, by a viceroy; of destroying the Big-endian exiles, and compelling that people to break the smaller end of their eggs, by which he would remain the sole monarch of the whole world.

unmeasureable - non mesurable

Ambition - l'ambition, ambition, ambition (1-5)

reducing - réduisant, réduire, diminuer, fr

province - province

governing - gouvernant, gouverner

Viceroy - vice-roi

destroying - détruisant, détruire, euthanasier

endian - endian

sole - unique, seul, semelle, plante, sole

monarch - monarque

But I endeavoured to divert him from this design, by many arguments drawn from the topics of policy as well as justice; and I plainly protested, "that I would never be an instrument of bringing a free and brave people into slavery." And, when the matter was debated in council, the wisest part of the ministry were of my opinion.

policy - politique

protested - protesté, protester, protestation, manifestation

bringing a - Apporter un / une

Brave - courageux

slavery - asservissement, esclavage

debated - débattue, débat, discussion, débattre

wisest - le plus sage, sage

ministry - ministere, ministere, cabinet, ministere du culte

This open bold declaration of mine was so opposite to the schemes and politics of his imperial majesty, that he could never forgive me.

declaration - déclaration

opposite to - en face de

forgive - pardonner

He mentioned it in a very artful manner at council, where I was told that some of the wisest appeared, at least by their silence, to be of my opinion; but others, who were my secret enemies, could not forbear some expressions which, by a side-wind, reflected on me.

artful - artistique, artificieux

silence - le silence, silence

reflected - réfléchie, refléter, réfléchir

And from this time began an intrigue between his majesty and a junto of ministers, maliciously bent against me, which broke out in less than two months, and had like to have ended in my utter destruction. Of so little weight are the greatest services to princes, when put into the balance with a refusal to gratify their passions.

intrigue - intrigue, intriguer, conspirer

junto - junto

maliciously - malicieusement

bent - plié, courba, courbai, courbés, courbé, cambrai

broke out - a éclaté

utter - l'utérus, émettre

destruction - la destruction, destruction

services - services, (de) service

balance - l'équilibre, contrepoids, équilibre, solde, balancier, apurer

refusal - refus

gratify - gratifier

passions - passions, passion

About three weeks after this exploit, there arrived a solemn embassy from Blefuscu, with humble offers of a peace, which was soon concluded, upon conditions very advantageous to our emperor, wherewith I shall not trouble the reader.

exploit - exploit, exploiter

embassy - ambassade

offers - offres, offrir, proposer

There were six ambassadors, with a train of about five hundred persons, and their entry was very magnificent, suitable to the grandeur of their master, and the importance of their business.

entry - entrée, acces, vestibule, article

magnificent - magnifique

suitable - adapté, approprié, convenable, opportun, idoine

grandeur - grandeur, splendeur

importance - importance

When their treaty was finished, wherein I did them several good offices by the credit I now had, or at least appeared to have, at court, their excellencies, who were privately told how much I had been their friend, made me a visit in form.

Treaty - traité

excellencies - excellences, Excellence

privately - en privé

They began with many compliments upon my valour and generosity, invited me to that kingdom in the emperor their master's name, and desired me to show them some proofs of my prodigious strength, of which they had heard so many wonders; wherein I readily obliged them, but shall not trouble the reader with the particulars.

invited - invités, inviter (a)

proofs - preuves, preuve, épreuve

When I had for some time entertained their excellencies, to their infinite satisfaction and surprise, I desired they would do me the honour to present my most humble respects to the emperor their master, the renown of whose virtues had so justly filled the whole world with admiration, and whose royal person I resolved to attend, before I returned to my own country.

entertained - divertis, divertir, recevoir

satisfaction - satisfaction

respects - respecte, respect, respecter

renown - renommée, renom

justly - a juste titre, justement

Accordingly, the next time I had the honour to see our emperor, I desired his general license to wait on the Blefuscudian monarch, which he was pleased to grant me, as I could perceive, in a very cold manner; but could not guess the reason, till I had a whisper from a certain person, "that Flimnap and Bolgolam had represented my intercourse with those ambassadors as a mark of disaffection;" from which I am sure my heart was wholly free. And this was the first time I began to conceive some imperfect idea of courts and ministers.

wait on - attendre

Grant - la subvention, accorder, admettre

perceive - percevoir

whisper - chuchotement, chuchoter, susurrer, murmurer

disaffection - mécontentement

heart - cour

imperfect - imparfait

It is to be observed, that these ambassadors spoke to me, by an interpreter, the languages of both empires differing as much from each other as any two in Europe, and each nation priding itself upon the antiquity, beauty, and energy of their own tongue, with an avowed contempt for that of their neighbour; yet our emperor, standing upon the advantage he had got by the seizure of their fleet, obliged them to deliver their credentials, and make their speech, in the Lilliputian tongue. And it must be confessed, that from the great intercourse of trade and commerce between both realms, from the continual reception of exiles which is mutual among them, and from the custom, in each empire, to send their young nobility and richer gentry to the other, in order to polish themselves by seeing the world, and understanding men and manners; there are few persons of distinction, or merchants, or seamen, who dwell in the maritime parts, but what can hold conversation in both tongues; as I found some weeks after, when I went to pay my respects to the emperor of Blefuscu, which, in the midst of great misfortunes, through the malice of my enemies, proved a very happy adventure to me, as I shall relate in its proper place.

interpreter - interprete, interprete, interpréteur

differing - différant, différer (de)

nation - nation, peuple

priding - l'orgueil, orgueil, fierté

itself - elle-meme, se, soi-meme

antiquity - l'antiquité, Antiquité

beauty - la beauté, beauté

energy - l'énergie, énergie, courage

avowed - avoué, avouer, confesser

contempt - le mépris, mépris, outrage

seizure - saisie, attaque, crise

Lilliputian - lilliputien, lilliputienne

confessed - avoué, avouer, confesser

trade - le commerce

commerce - le commerce, commerce, rapports

realms - royaumes, domaine, royaume

reception - réception, accueil

mutual - mutuelle, mutuel

custom - coutume, us, connaissance, droit de douane, sur mesure

gentry - gentry

polish - polish, polonais

merchants - marchands, marchand, marchande

dwell - s'attarder, résider, s'appesantir sur

maritime - maritime

tongues - langues, langue, languette

misfortunes - malheurs, malchance, mésaventure, malheur

The reader may remember, that when I signed those articles upon which I recovered my liberty, there were some which I disliked, upon account of their being too servile; neither could anything but an extreme necessity have forced me to submit.

disliked - n'a pas aimé, antipathie, ne pas aimer

servile - servile

extreme - extreme, extreme, excessif, excessive

forced - forcée, force

submit - se soumettre, soumettre, présenter, gagner par soumission

But being now a nardac of the highest rank in that empire, such offices were looked upon as below my dignity, and the emperor (to do him justice), never once mentioned them to me. However, it was not long before I had an opportunity of doing his majesty, at least as I then thought, a most signal service.

dignity - dignité, forme, rang

never once - Pas une seul fois

signal - signal, signaler

service - service, messe

I was alarmed at midnight with the cries of many hundred people at my door; by which, being suddenly awaked, I was in some kind of terror.

alarmed - alarmé, alarme, réveille-matin, réveil, alarmer, fr

cries - pleure, pleurer, crier, hurler, gueuler, pleur, cri

I heard the word Burglum repeated incessantly: several of the emperor's court, making their way through the crowd, entreated me to come immediately to the palace, where her imperial majesty's apartment was on fire, by the carelessness of a maid of honour, who fell asleep while she was reading a romance.

incessantly - sans cesse

carelessness - l'insouciance, négligence, incurie

maid - femme de ménage, demoiselle, jeune fille, bonne

romance - le romantisme, romance, idylle, amour romantique

I got up in an instant; and orders being given to clear the way before me, and it being likewise a moonshine night, I made a shift to get to the palace without trampling on any of the people. I found they had already applied ladders to the walls of the apartment, and were well provided with buckets, but the water was at some distance.

Moonshine - l'alcool de contrebande, alcool de contrebande

trampling - le piétinement, (trample), fouler, piétiner

buckets - seaux, seau, qualifier

These buckets were about the size of large thimbles, and the poor people supplied me with them as fast as they could: but the flame was so violent that they did little good. I might easily have stifled it with my coat, which I unfortunately left behind me for haste, and came away only in my leathern jerkin.

thimbles - dé a coudre, dé, dé a coudre

flame - flamme, polémique

stifled - étouffé, étouffer

unfortunately - malheureusement, malencontreusement

The case seemed wholly desperate and deplorable; and this magnificent palace would have infallibly been burnt down to the ground, if, by a presence of mind unusual to me, I had not suddenly thought of an expedient.

desperate - désespérée, désespéré

deplorable - déplorable

burnt down - brulé

unusual - inhabituel, insolite, inusuel

I had, the evening before, drunk plentifully of a most delicious wine called glimigrim, (the Blefuscudians call it flunec, but ours is esteemed the better sort,) which is very diuretic. By the luckiest chance in the world, I had not discharged myself of any part of it.

most delicious - le plus délicieux

diuretic - diurétique

luckiest - le plus chanceux, chanceux, heureux, veinard, fortuné

chance - chance, hasard

The heat I had contracted by coming very near the flames, and by labouring to quench them, made the wine begin to operate by urine; which I voided in such a quantity, and applied so well to the proper places, that in three minutes the fire was wholly extinguished, and the rest of that noble pile, which had cost so many ages in erecting, preserved from destruction.

contracted - sous contrat, contracter

flames - flammes, flamme, polémique

labouring - le travail, effort, travail, labeur, besogne, travailleurs-p

operate - fonctionner, opérer, ouvrer

urine - l'urine, urine

voided - annulée, nul

erecting - en cours d'érection, droit, dressé

preserved - préservée, confiture, conserve, réserve naturelle

It was now day-light, and I returned to my house without waiting to congratulate with the emperor: because, although I had done a very eminent piece of service, yet I could not tell how his majesty might resent the manner by which I had performed it: for, by the fundamental laws of the realm, it is capital in any person, of what quality soever, to make water within the precincts of the palace.

congratulate - féliciter

resent - résentent, ressentons, ressentent, ressentez, (resend), renvoyer

soever - jamais

precincts - circonscriptions, enceinte, district, arrondissement de commune

But I was a little comforted by a message from his majesty, "that he would give orders to the grand justiciary for passing my pardon in form:" which, however, I could not obtain; and I was privately assured, "that the empress, conceiving the greatest abhorrence of what I had done, removed to the most distant side of the court, firmly resolved that those buildings should never be repaired for her use: and, in the presence of her chief confidents could not forbear vowing revenge."

comforted - réconforté, confort, consoler

grand - grand, grandiose

justiciary - justiciere

Pardon - pardon, grâce, pardonner, gracier, désolé, excusez-moi

obtain - obtenir, se procurer, réussir, avoir succes, s'établir

conceiving - concevoir, tomber enceinte

abhorrence - l'horreur, aversion, répulsion, horreur

confidents - confidents, assuré, confiant, sur

vowing - voux, voeu, vou, jurer

revenge - la vengeance, vengeance, revanche, venger

CHAPTER VI.

Of the inhabitants of Lilliput; their learning, laws, and customs; the manner of educating their children. The author's way of living in that country. His vindication of a great lady.

educating - l'éducation, éduquer

vindication - la justification, justification

Although I intend to leave the description of this empire to a particular treatise, yet, in the mean time, I am content to gratify the curious reader with some general ideas.

treatise - traité

As the common size of the natives is somewhat under six inches high, so there is an exact proportion in all other animals, as well as plants and trees: for instance, the tallest horses and oxen are between four and five inches in height, the sheep an inch and half, more or less: their geese about the bigness of a sparrow, and so the several gradations downwards till you come to the smallest, which to my sight, were almost invisible; but nature has adapted the eyes of the Lilliputians to all objects proper for their view: they see with great exactness, but at no great distance. And, to show the sharpness of their sight towards objects that are near, I have been much pleased with observing a cook pulling a lark, which was not so large as a common fly; and a young girl threading an invisible needle with invisible silk. Their tallest trees are about seven feet high: I mean some of those in the great royal park, the tops whereof I could but just reach with my fist clenched. The other vegetables are in the same proportion; but this I leave to the reader's imagination.

instance - instance

oxen - des boufs

geese - des oies

sparrow - moineau, bruant, piaf

invisible - invisible, caché

adapted - adapté, adapter, s'adapter

exactness - l'exactitude, exactitude

sharpness - la netteté, tranchant, fil, finesse, acuité, acidité, netteté

threading - le filetage, fil, processus léger, exétron

needle - aiguille, saphir, coudre, taquiner, monter

fist - poing

clenched - serré, serrer, prise (en main) ferme, poigne ferme

I shall say but little at present of their learning, which, for many ages, has flourished in all its branches among them: but their manner of writing is very peculiar, being neither from the left to the right, like the Europeans, nor from the right to the left, like the Arabians, nor from up to down, like the Chinese, but aslant, from one corner of the paper to the other, like ladies in England.

flourished - a prospéré, fleurir, brandir, gesticulation

branches - branches, branche, t+rameau, affluent, filiale

Chinese - chinois, langue chinoise

They bury their dead with their heads directly downward, because they hold an opinion, that in eleven thousand moons they are all to rise again; in which period the earth (which they conceive to be flat) will turn upside down, and by this means they shall, at their resurrection, be found ready standing on their feet.

bury - enterrer, enterrez, enterrent, enterrons

turn upside down - Retourner a lenvers

by this means - par ce moyen

resurrection - résurrection

The learned among them confess the absurdity of this doctrine; but the practice still continues, in compliance to the vulgar.

continues - continue, continuer

compliance - la conformité, conformité, acquiescement, conformisme

vulgar - vulgaire, obscene

There are some laws and customs in this empire very peculiar; and if they were not so directly contrary to those of my own dear country, I should be tempted to say a little in their justification. It is only to be wished they were as well executed. The first I shall mention, relates to informers.

be tempted - etre tenté

justification - justification

executed - exécuté, exécuter, mettre a mort

relates - se rapporte, raconter, relater

All crimes against the state, are punished here with the utmost severity; but, if the person accused makes his innocence plainly to appear upon his trial, the accuser is immediately put to an ignominious death; and out of his goods or lands the innocent person is quadruply recompensed for the loss of his time, for the danger he underwent, for the hardship of his imprisonment, and for all the charges he has been at in making his defence; or, if that fund be deficient, it is largely supplied by the crown. The emperor also confers on him some public mark of his favour, and proclamation is made of his innocence through the whole city.

crimes - crimes, délit(max 10 years imprisonment according to law) crime (15 years and more) (nothing strictly between 10 and 15)

punished - puni, punir, châtier

severity - la sévérité, sévérité, gravité

innocence - l'innocence, innocence, candeur

accuser - accusateur, accusatrice

ignominious - ignominieux

innocent - innocent

quadruply - quatre fois

recompensed - compensé, récompense, dédommagement

Loss - perte, déperdition, perdition, déchet, coulage

underwent - a subi, subir

hardship - difficultés, misere

imprisonment - l'emprisonnement, emprisonnement

charges - charges, frais-p, charge, chef d’accusation, chef d’inculpation

defence - la défense, défense

fund - fonds, financer

largely - en grande partie, largement, en général, pour la plupart

confers - confere, conférer, accorder, décerner

They look upon fraud as a greater crime than theft, and therefore seldom fail to punish it with death; for they allege, that care and vigilance, with a very common understanding, may preserve a man's goods from thieves, but honesty has no defence against superior cunning; and, since it is necessary that there should be a perpetual intercourse of buying and selling, and dealing upon credit, where fraud is permitted and connived at, or has no law to punish it, the honest dealer is always undone, and the knave gets the advantage. I remember, when I was once interceding with the emperor for a criminal who had wronged his master of a great sum of money, which he had received by order and ran away with; and happening to tell his majesty, by way of extenuation, that it was only a breach of trust, the emperor thought it monstrous in me to offer as a defence the greatest aggravation of the crime; and truly I had little to say in return, farther than the common answer, that different nations had different customs; for, I confess, I was heartily ashamed. [330]

fraud - fraude, imposteur, charlatan, fraudeur

crime - délit (max 10 years imprisonment according to law) crime (15 years and more) (nothing strictly between 10 and 15)

theft - vol

fail - échouer, faillent, faillons, taper a côté

allege - alléguer, alléguez, alléguons, alléguent

vigilance - vigilance

preserve - confiture, conserve, réserve naturelle, domaine réservé

thieves - voleurs, voleur, voleuse

honesty - l'honneteté, honneteté

superior - supérieur

cunning - astucieux, rusé

perpetual - perpétuel

dealing - de la négociation, (deal) de la négociation

permitted - autorisé, permettre

connived - de connivence, conspirer, intriguer, feindre l'ignorance

undone - défait, défaire

knave - chevalier, page, voyou, fourbe, valet

criminal - criminel, criminelle

sum - somme

extenuation - extenuation

breach - infraction, violation, breche, brouille

aggravation - aggravation, circonstances aggravantes

truly - vraiment

heartily - chaleureusement

ashamed - honteux

Although we usually call reward and punishment the two hinges upon which all government turns, yet I could never observe this maxim to be put in practice by any nation except that of Lilliput.

Reward - récompense, récompenser

hinges - charnieres, gond, charniere, dépendre

Government - le gouvernement, gouvernement, rection

maxim - maxime, sentence

Whoever can there bring sufficient proof, that he has strictly observed the laws of his country for seventy-three moons, has a claim to certain privileges, according to his quality or condition of life, with a proportionable sum of money out of a fund appropriated for that use: he likewise acquires the title of snilpall, or legal, which is added to his name, but does not descend to his posterity. And these people thought it a prodigious defect of policy among us, when I told them that our laws were enforced only by penalties, without any mention of reward. It is upon this account that the image of Justice, in their courts of judicature, is formed with six eyes, two before, as many behind, and on each side one, to signify circumspection; with a bag of gold open in her right hand, and a sword sheathed in her left, to show she is more disposed to reward than to punish.

Proof - la preuve, preuve, épreuve

claim - réclamation, titre, affirmation, revendication, demande

privileges - privileges, privilege, privilégier

appropriated - appropriée, approprié, idoine, approprier

acquires - acquiert, acquérir

legal - légale, juridique, légal

descend - descendre

posterity - la postérité, postérité

defect - défaut, déserter, passer a, rench: t-needed r

enforced - appliqué, renforcer, intensifier, imposer, obliger

image - image

judicature - la magistrature

sheathed - gainé, fourreau

In choosing persons for all employments, they have more regard to good morals than to great abilities; for, since government is necessary to mankind, they believe, that the common size of human understanding is fitted to some station or other; and that Providence never intended to make the management of public affairs a mystery to be comprehended only by a few persons of sublime genius, of which there seldom are three born in an age: but they suppose truth, justice, temperance, and the like, to be in every man's power; the practice of which virtues, assisted by experience and a good intention, would qualify any man for the service of his country, except where a course of study is required. But they thought the want of moral virtues was so far from being supplied by superior endowments of the mind, that employments could never be put into such dangerous hands as those of persons so qualified; and, at least, that the mistakes committed by ignorance, in a virtuous disposition, would never be of such fatal consequence to the public weal, as the practices of a man, whose inclinations led him to be corrupt, and who had great abilities to manage, to multiply, and defend his corruptions.

morals - morale, moral, moralité

abilities - capacités, capacité, pouvoir, habileté

mankind - l'humanité, humanité, genre humain, hommes

fitted - adapté, en forme

Providence - la providence, Providence

management - la gestion

mystery - mystere, mystere

comprehended - compris, comprendre

genius - génie

temperance - la tempérance, sobriété, tempérance

assisted - assistée, assister, aider, passe décisive

by experience - par expérience

intention - intention

qualify - qualifier, caractériser, définir

endowments - dotations, dotation

qualified - qualifiés, caractériser, qualifier, définir

committed - engagé, confier, commettre, remettre, consigner

ignorance - l'ignorance, ignorance

virtuous - vertueux

public weal - le bien public

inclinations - inclinations, inclinaison, fr

corrupt - corrompu, dévoyé, corrompre

multiply - se multiplier, multipliez, multiplions, multiplier, multiplient

In like manner, the disbelief of a Divine Providence renders a man incapable of holding any public station; for, since kings avow themselves to be the deputies of Providence, the Lilliputians think nothing can be more absurd than for a prince to employ such men as disown the authority under which he acts.

divine - divine, divin

renders - les rendus, rendre

Kings - les rois, roi

avow - avow, avouer, confesser

deputies - adjoints, adjoint, adjointe, suppléant, suppléante, député

more absurd - plus absurde

employ - employer, embaucher, recruter

disown - renier

authority - l'autorité, autorité

acts - actes, acte, loi, action, agir

In relating these and the following laws, I would only be understood to mean the original institutions, and not the most scandalous corruptions, into which these people are fallen by the degenerate nature of man.

relating - en relation, raconter, relater

institutions - institutions, institution

most scandalous - le plus scandaleux

For, as to that infamous practice of acquiring great employments by dancing on the ropes, or badges of favour and distinction by leaping over sticks and creeping under them, the reader is to observe, that they were first introduced by the grandfather of the emperor now reigning, and grew to the present height by the gradual increase of party and faction.

infamous - infâme

acquiring - l'acquisition, acquérir

ropes - des cordes, corde

badges - badges, plaque, insigne, décoration, macaron, porte-nom, badge

reigning - régnant, regne, régner

gradual - graduelle, graduel

increase - augmenter, croître, accroître, augmentation

Ingratitude is among them a capital crime, as we read it to have been in some other countries: for they reason thus; that whoever makes ill returns to his benefactor, must needs be a common enemy to the rest of mankind, from whom he has received no obligation, and therefore such a man is not fit to live.

ingratitude - l'ingratitude, ingratitude

capital crime - crime capital

benefactor - bienfaiteur, bienfaitrice

obligation - obligation, engagement, checkobligation

fit - s'adapter, adapter

Their notions relating to the duties of parents and children differ extremely from ours.

notions - notions, notion

duties - fonctions, devoir, obligation, service, travail, taxe

For, since the conjunction of male and female is founded upon the great law of nature, in order to propagate and continue the species, the Lilliputians will needs have it, that men and women are joined together, like other animals, by the motives of concupiscence; and that their tenderness towards their young proceeds from the like natural principle: for which reason they will never allow that a child is under any obligation to his father for begetting him, or to his mother for bringing him into the world; which, considering the miseries of human life, was neither a benefit in itself, nor intended so by his parents, whose thoughts, in their love encounters, were otherwise employed. Upon these, and the like reasonings, their opinion is, that parents are the last of all others to be trusted with the education of their own children; and therefore they have in every town public nurseries, where all parents, except cottagers and labourers, are obliged to send their infants of both sexes to be reared and educated, when they come to the age of twenty moons, at which time they are supposed to have some rudiments of docility. These schools are of several kinds, suited to different qualities, and both sexes. They have certain professors well skilled in preparing children for such a condition of life as befits the rank of their parents, and their own capacities, as well as inclinations. I shall first say something of the male nurseries, and then of the female.

conjunction - conjonction

male - mâle, homme

propagate - se propager

motives - motivations, motif, mobile, theme, motiver

concupiscence - la concupiscence, concupiscence

tenderness - tendresse

proceeds - le produit, avancer, procéder

principle - principe

begetting - l'engendrement, engendrer, procréer

considering - en tenant compte, compte tenu de, vu, étant donné

miseries - miseres, misere

benefit - avantages, avantage, bénéfice, subvention, profiter

encounters - rencontres, rencontrer, rencontre

reasonings - raisonnements, raisonnement

last of all - le dernier de tous

nurseries - les creches, creche, pouponniere, pépiniere

infants - les nourrissons, nourrisson, enfant en bas âge, poupon

educated - éduqués, éduquer

supposed - supposé, supposer, imaginer

rudiments - rudiments, rudiment

docility - la docilité, docilité

suited - adapté, complet, costume, tailleur, combinaison, costard

qualities - qualités, qualité

professors - professeurs, professeur, professeure, prof, professeuse

befits - convient-il, convenir a, etre approprié pour

capacities - capacités, capacité

The nurseries for males of noble or eminent birth, are provided with grave and learned professors, and their several deputies. The clothes and food of the children are plain and simple.

males - mâles, mâle, homme

grave - tombe

They are bred up in the principles of honour, justice, courage, modesty, clemency, religion, and love of their country; they are always employed in some business, except in the times of eating and sleeping, which are very short, and two hours for diversions consisting of bodily exercises.

bred - élevé, (breed), se reproduire, engendrer, élever, race

principles - principes, principe

courage - bravoure, courage, cour, vaillance

modesty - la modestie, modestie

bodily - corporel

They are dressed by men till four years of age, and then are obliged to dress themselves, although their quality be ever so great; and the women attendant, who are aged proportionably to ours at fifty, perform only the most menial offices.

proportionably - proportionnellement

menial - de la vie quotidienne, ancillaire, subalterne, domestique

They are never suffered to converse with servants, but go together in smaller or greater numbers to take their diversions, and always in the presence of a professor, or one of his deputies; whereby they avoid those early bad impressions of folly and vice, to which our children are subject.

go together - Aller ensemble

professor - professeur, professeure, prof, professeuse

impressions - impressions, impression

Their parents are suffered to see them only twice a year; the visit is to last but an hour; they are allowed to kiss the child at meeting and parting; but a professor, who always stands by on those occasions, will not suffer them to whisper, or use any fondling expressions, or bring any presents of toys, sweetmeats, and the like.

stands by - en attente

fondling - les caresses, (fondle), caresser

toys - jouets, jouet, jouer (avec), amuser

sweetmeats - des sucreries, friandise

The pension from each family for the education and entertainment of a child, upon failure of due payment, is levied by the emperor's officers.

pension - pension, retraite, (demi) pension, pensioner, pensionner

entertainment - divertissement

failure - l'échec, échec, daube, flop, panne

levied - prélevée, prélever, percevoir

The nurseries for children of ordinary gentlemen, merchants, traders, and handicrafts, are managed proportionably after the same manner; only those designed for trades are put out apprentices at eleven years old, whereas those of persons of quality continue in their exercises till fifteen, which answers to twenty-one with us: but the confinement is gradually lessened for the last three years.

ordinary - piece, ordinaire, quelconque

traders - commerçants, commerçant, trader, marchand

handicrafts - l'artisanat, artisanat

managed - gérée, gérer, ménager, diriger, manier, parvenir, réussir

trades - métiers, commerce, magasin, négoce, corps de métier

apprentices - apprentis, apprenti

whereas - tandis que, alors que, compte tenu de, vu que

gradually - progressivement

lessened - diminuée, amoindrir, atténuer, diminuer, réduire

In the female nurseries, the young girls of quality are educated much like the males, only they are dressed by orderly servants of their own sex; but always in the presence of a professor or deputy, till they come to dress themselves, which is at five years old.

orderly - ordonné, planton

deputy - adjoint, adjointe, suppléant, suppléante, député

And if it be found that these nurses ever presume to entertain the girls with frightful or foolish stories, or the common follies practised by chambermaids among us, they are publicly whipped thrice about the city, imprisoned for a year, and banished for life to the most desolate part of the country.

frightful - effrayante, effrayant

foolish - sot, stupide, bete, idiot

follies - folies, folie, sottise

chambermaids - les femmes de chambre, femme de chambre

whipped - fouetté, fouet, whip, fouetter, flageller, défaire, battre

thrice - trois fois

imprisoned - emprisonné, emprisonner, mettre en prison

desolate - désolée, ravager, désoler

Thus the young ladies are as much ashamed of being cowards and fools as the men, and despise all personal ornaments, beyond decency and cleanliness: neither did I perceive any difference in their education made by their difference of sex, only that the exercises of the females were not altogether so robust; and that some rules were given them relating to domestic life, and a smaller compass of learning was enjoined them: for their maxim is, that among peoples of quality, a wife should be always a reasonable and agreeable companion, because she cannot always be young. When the girls are twelve years old, which among them is the marriageable age, their parents or guardians take them home, with great expressions of gratitude to the professors, and seldom without tears of the young lady and her companions.

cowards - des lâches, couard, couarde, poltron, poltronne, froussard

fools - des imbéciles, dinde, fou, bouffon, mat, duper, tromper

despise - mépriser, dédaigner

females - les femelles, femelle

robust - robuste

domestic - domestique, amily, intérieur

enjoined - enjoint, enjoindre

reasonable - raisonnable

companion - compagnon, compagne

marriageable - mariable

guardians - gardiens, gardien, tuteur, tutrice, curateur, curatrice

gratitude - la gratitude, gratitude

Tears - des larmes, larme

In the nurseries of females of the meaner sort, the children are instructed in all kinds of works proper for their sex, and their several degrees: those intended for apprentices are dismissed at seven years old, the rest are kept to eleven.

dismissed - licencié, renvoyer, limoger, licencier, démettre

The meaner families who have children at these nurseries, are obliged, besides their annual pension, which is as low as possible, to return to the steward of the nursery a small monthly share of their gettings, to be a portion for the child; and therefore all parents are limited in their expenses by the law.

annual - annuelle, annuel

steward - steward, intendant

nursery - pépiniere, creche, pouponniere, pépiniere

monthly - mensuel, mensuellement

gettings - les gains, obtention

limited - limitée, limité, (limit) limitée

expenses - dépenses, dépense

For the Lilliputians think nothing can be more unjust, than for people, in subservience to their own appetites, to bring children into the world, and leave the burthen of supporting them on the public.

more unjust - plus injuste

subservience - la soumission, soumission, servilité, asservissement

appetites - appétits, appétit

burthen - poids

supporting - appuyant, soutenant, (support) appuyant

As to persons of quality, they give security to appropriate a certain sum for each child, suitable to their condition; and these funds are always managed with good husbandry and the most exact justice.

Security - la sécurité, sécurité, sécurisant, titre négociable

appropriate - approprié, idoine, approprier

funds - des fonds, fonds, financer

husbandry - l'élevage, agriculture

most exact - le plus exact

The cottagers and labourers keep their children at home, their business being only to till and cultivate the earth, and therefore their education is of little consequence to the public: but the old and diseased among them, are supported by hospitals; for begging is a trade unknown in this empire.

diseased - malade, maladie, mal

supported - soutenue, (sup)porter, soutenir

trade - le commerce, commerce, magasin, négoce, corps de métier

And here it may, perhaps, divert the curious reader, to give some account of my domestics, and my manner of living in this country, during a residence of nine months, and thirteen days. Having a head mechanically turned, and being likewise forced by necessity, I had made for myself a table and chair convenient enough, out of the largest trees in the royal park.

mechanically - mécaniquement

Two hundred sempstresses were employed to make me shirts, and linen for my bed and table, all of the strongest and coarsest kind they could get; which, however, they were forced to quilt together in several folds, for the thickest was some degrees finer than lawn. Their linen is usually three inches wide, and three feet make a piece.

linen - le linge, toile, lin, linge

coarsest - le plus grossier, grossier, brut, vulgaire

quilt - l'édredon, édredon, couette, courtepointe, matelasser, ouater

folds - plis, plier

thickest - le plus épais, épais, gros, dense

lawn - pelouse, gazon, gazer

The sempstresses took my measure as I lay on the ground, one standing at my neck, and another at my mid-leg, with a strong cord extended, that each held by the end, while a third measured the length of the cord with a rule of an inch long.

measured - mesurée, mesure, mesurer

Then they measured my right thumb, and desired no more; for by a mathematical computation, that twice round the thumb is once round the wrist, and so on to the neck and the waist, and by the help of my old shirt, which I displayed on the ground before them for a pattern, they fitted me exactly.

mathematical - mathématique

wrist - poignet

displayed - affichée, représentation, spectacle, moniteur, écran

pattern - modele, modele, motif, régularité, tendance, schéma, patron

exactly - exactement

Three hundred tailors were employed in the same manner to make me clothes; but they had another contrivance for taking my measure. I kneeled down, and they raised a ladder from the ground to my neck; upon this ladder one of them mounted, and let fall a plumb-line from my collar to the floor, which just answered the length of my coat: but my waist and arms I measured myself.

kneeled down - s'agenouiller

ladder - l'échelle, échelle

plumb - d'aplomb

collar - col, collier

When my clothes were finished, which was done in my house (for the largest of theirs would not have been able to hold them), they looked like the patch-work made by the ladies in England, only that mine were all of a colour.

patch - patch, rapiécer

I had three hundred cooks to dress my victuals, in little convenient huts built about my house, where they and their families lived, and prepared me two dishes a-piece.

huts - huttes, hutte

I took up twenty waiters in my hand, and placed them on the table: a hundred more attended below on the ground, some with dishes of meat, and some with barrels of wine and other liquors slung on their shoulders; all which the waiters above drew up, as I wanted, in a very ingenious manner, by certain cords, as we draw the bucket up a well in Europe.

barrels - tonneaux, tonneau, barrique, baril, canon, barillet, embariller

ingenious - ingénieux

bucket - seau

a dish of their meat was a good mouthful, and a barrel of their liquor a reasonable draught. Their mutton yields to ours, but their beef is excellent. I have had a sirloin so large, that I have been forced to make three bites of it; but this is rare. My servants were astonished to see me eat it, bones and all, as in our country we do the leg of a lark.

A dish of - un plat de

yields - des rendements, céder

beef - bouf, bouf

sirloin - l'aloyau, aloyau, faux-filet, contrefilet, contre-filet

bites - morsures, mordre, maintenir, garder

rare - rares, rare

astonished - étonné, étonner, surprendre

bones - os

Their geese and turkeys I usually ate at a mouthful, and I confess they far exceed ours. Of their smaller fowl I could take up twenty or thirty at the end of my knife.

turkeys - dindes, dinde, dindon, viande de dinde

fowl - volaille, poule

One day his imperial majesty, being informed of my way of living, desired "that himself and his royal consort, with the young princes of the blood of both sexes, might have the happiness," as he was pleased to call it, "of dining with me." They came accordingly, and I placed them in chairs of state, upon my table, just over against me, with their guards about them.

informed - informé, informer, avertir (de)

Consort - consort, navire d'accompagnement

Happiness - le bonheur, bonheur

dining - dîner, vacarme

Flimnap, the lord high treasurer, attended there likewise with his white staff; and I observed he often looked on me with a sour countenance, which I would not seem to regard, but ate more than usual, in honour to my dear country, as well as to fill the court with admiration.

staff - le personnel, personnelle

Seem - sembler, paraître, avoir l'air

usual - habituel/habituelle

I have some private reasons to believe, that this visit from his majesty gave Flimnap an opportunity of doing me ill offices to his master. That minister had always been my secret enemy, though he outwardly caressed me more than was usual to the moroseness of his nature.

outwardly - a l'extérieur, extérieurement

caressed - caressé, caresser

moroseness - morosité

He represented to the emperor "the low condition of his treasury; that he was forced to take up money at a great discount; that exchequer bills would not circulate under nine per cent.

discount - de réduction, rabais, discompte, promotion

Exchequer - l'échiquier, fisc

circulate - circuler

per - par, dans

below par; that I had cost his majesty above a million and a half of sprugs" (their greatest gold coin, about the bigness of a spangle) "and, upon the whole, that it would be advisable in the emperor to take the first fair occasion of dismissing me."

par - par, égalité

gold coin - piece d'or

spangle - paillettes, paillette

advisable - est-il souhaitable

dismissing - rejeter, renvoyer, limoger, licencier, démettre

I am here obliged to vindicate the reputation of an excellent lady, who was an innocent sufferer upon my account. The treasurer took a fancy to be jealous of his wife, from the malice of some evil tongues, who informed him that her grace had taken a violent affection for my person; and the court scandal ran for some time, that she once came privately to my lodging.

vindicate - blanchir, faire valoir, défendre, revendiquer, affirmer

reputation - réputation, renommée (more slang)

sufferer - souffrant, malade

jealous - jaloux, jalouse, envieux, rench:

evil - le mal, mauvais, torve

grace - bénédicité, grâces, grâce, miséricorde

Scandal - scandale, esclandre

lodging - l'hébergement, logement, hébergement, verse, (lodge), cabane

This I solemnly declare to be a most infamous falsehood, without any grounds, further than that her grace was pleased to treat me with all innocent marks of freedom and friendship.

declare - expliquer, déclarer

most infamous - le plus infâme

falsehood - le mensonge, mensonge

treat - négocier, traiter, régaler, guérir, soigner

freedom - la liberté, liberté

friendship - l'amitié, amitié

I own she came often to my house, but always publicly, nor ever without three more in the coach, who were usually her sister and young daughter, and some particular acquaintance; but this was common to many other ladies of the court. And I still appeal to my servants round, whether they at any time saw a coach at my door, without knowing what persons were in it.

appeal - appel, manifeste, vocation, pourvoi

whether - si, que, soit, si oui ou non

On those occasions, when a servant had given me notice, my custom was to go immediately to the door, and, after paying my respects, to take up the coach and two horses very carefully in my hands (for, if there were six horses, the postillion always unharnessed four,) and place them on a table, where I had fixed a movable rim quite round, of five inches high, to prevent accidents.

carefully - attentivement, soigneusement

postillion - postillon

unharnessed - sans harnais, débrider, dételer

rim - jante

And I have often had four coaches and horses at once on my table, full of company, while I sat in my chair, leaning my face towards them; and when I was engaged with one set, the coachmen would gently drive the others round my table. I have passed many an afternoon very agreeably in these conversations.

coaches - entraîneurs, coche, voiture, entraineur, entraineuse, autocar

leaning - penchant, adossant, (lean) penchant

agreeably - a l'aise, agréablement

But I defy the treasurer, or his two informers (I will name them, and let them make the best of it) Clustril and Drunlo, to prove that any person ever came to me incognito, except the secretary Reldresal, who was sent by express command of his imperial majesty, as I have before related.

defy - défier, désobéir a

I should not have dwelt so long upon this particular, if it had not been a point wherein the reputation of a great lady is so nearly concerned, to say nothing of my own; though I then had the honour to be a nardac, which the treasurer himself is not; for all the world knows, that he is only a glumglum, a title inferior by one degree, as that of a marquis is to a duke in England; yet I allow he preceded me in right of his post. These false informations, which I afterwards came to the knowledge of by an accident not proper to mention, made the treasurer show his lady for some time an ill countenance, and me a worse; and although he was at last undeceived and reconciled to her, yet I lost all credit with him, and found my interest decline very fast with the emperor himself, who was, indeed, too much governed by that favourite.

nearly - presque

concerned - préoccupé, inquiétude, souci, soin, préoccupation

glumglum - glumglum

inferior - inférieur

Duke - duke, duc

preceded - précédé, précéder

knowledge - connaissance, science, connaissances, savoir

reconciled - réconciliés, réconcilier, concilier

decline - déclin

governed - gouverné, gouverner

CHAPTER VII.

The author, being informed of a design to accuse him of high-treason, makes his escape to Blefuscu. His reception there.

accuse - accuser

high-treason - (high-treason) haute trahison

Before I proceed to give an account of my leaving this kingdom, it may be proper to inform the reader of a private intrigue which had been for two months forming against me.

proceed - avancer, procéder

I had been hitherto, all my life, a stranger to courts, for which I was unqualified by the meanness of my condition. I had indeed heard and read enough of the dispositions of great princes and ministers, but never expected to have found such terrible effects of them, in so remote a country, governed, as I thought, by very different maxims from those in Europe.

hitherto - jusqu'a présent, jusqu'ici, jusqu'alors, jusqu'a maintenant

meanness - la méchanceté, abjection

effects - effets, effet, effets-p, effectuer

maxims - maximes, maxime

When I was just preparing to pay my attendance on the emperor of Blefuscu, a considerable person at court (to whom I had been very serviceable, at a time when he lay under the highest displeasure of his imperial majesty) came to my house very privately at night, in a close chair, and, without sending his name, desired admittance.

attendance - l'assiduité, présence

serviceable - entretenable, serviable, réparable, pret a l'emploi, utilisable

displeasure - mécontentement, dépncisir, courroux

The chairmen were dismissed; I put the chair, with his lordship in it, into my coat-pocket: and, giving orders to a trusty servant, to say I was indisposed and gone to sleep, I fastened the door of my house, placed the chair on the table, according to my usual custom, and sat down by it.

chairmen - présidents, secrétaire général (for a political party)

Lordship - Monsieur, le Seigneur, seigneurie

trusty - de confiance, fidele, fiable, bon vieux

After the common salutations were over, observing his lordship's countenance full of concern, and inquiring into the reason, he desired "I would hear him with patience, in a matter that highly concerned my honour and my life." His speech was to the following effect, for I took notes of it as soon as he left me:-

salutations - salutations, titre

concern - inquiétude, souci, soin, préoccupation, concerner

inquiring - en quete de renseignements, enqueter, renseigner

"You are to know," said he, "that several committees of council have been lately called, in the most private manner, on your account; and it is but two days since his majesty came to a full resolution.

committees - des comités, comité, commission

"You are very sensible that Skyresh Bolgolam" (galbet, or high-admiral) "has been your mortal enemy, almost ever since your arrival. His original reasons I know not; but his hatred is increased since your great success against Blefuscu, by which his glory as admiral is much obscured.

sensible - sensible, sensé, raisonnable

hatred - la haine, haine

glory - gloire

obscured - obscurci, obscur, sibyllin, obscurcir

This lord, in conjunction with Flimnap the high-treasurer, whose enmity against you is notorious on account of his lady, Limtoc the general, Lalcon the chamberlain, and Balmuff the grand justiciary, have prepared articles of impeachment against you, for treason and other capital crimes."

enmity - inimitié

notorious - notoire

chamberlain - chamberlain, chambellan

impeachment - la mise en accusation, destitution, impeachment

treason - trahison

This preface made me so impatient, being conscious of my own merits and innocence, that I was going to interrupt him; when he entreated me to be silent, and thus proceeded:-

preface - préface, préfacer

conscious - conscient

interrupt - interrompre, couper

be silent - se taire

"Out of gratitude for the favours you have done me, I procured information of the whole proceedings, and a copy of the articles; wherein I venture my head for your service.

procured - procuré, acquérir, obtenir, proxénétisme, procurer

proceedings - procédures, acte

"'Articles of Impeachment against QUINBUS FLESTRIN, (the Man-Mountain.)

Article I.

"'Whereas, by a statute made in the reign of his imperial majesty Calin Deffar Plune, it is enacted, that, whoever shall make water within the precincts of the royal palace, shall be liable to the pains and penalties of high-treason; notwithstanding, the said Quinbus Flestrin, in open breach of the said law, under colour of extinguishing the fire kindled in the apartment of his majesty's most dear imperial consort, did maliciously, traitorously, and devilishly, by discharge of his urine, put out the said fire kindled in the said apartment, lying and being within the precincts of the said royal palace, against the statute in that case provided, etc. against the duty, etc.

statute - statut

enacted - promulguée, promulguer, jouer

liable - responsable

pains - douleurs, douleur

notwithstanding - nonobstant

extinguishing - l'extinction, éteindre

kindled - enflammé, allumer, enflammer

traitorously - par traîtrise

devilishly - diaboliquement

etc - etc

Article II.

"'That the said Quinbus Flestrin, having brought the imperial fleet of Blefuscu into the royal port, and being afterwards commanded by his imperial majesty to seize all the other ships of the said empire of Blefuscu, and reduce that empire to a province, to be governed by a viceroy from hence, and to destroy and put to death, not only all the Big-endian exiles, but likewise all the people of that empire who would not immediately forsake the Big-endian heresy, he, the said Flestrin, like a false traitor against his most auspicious, serene, imperial majesty, did petition to be excused from the said service, upon pretence of unwillingness to force the consciences, or destroy the liberties and lives of an innocent people.

reduce - réduire, diminuer, checkréduire

hence - d'ou, d'ici, ainsi, donc, d'ou

forsake - abandonner, renoncer

heresy - l'hérésie, hérésie

traitor - traître, traîtresse, trahir

most auspicious - le plus propice

serene - serein, enjoué

excused - excusé, excuser, pardonner, justifier

pretence - prétention

consciences - consciences, conscience

liberties - libertés, liberté

Article III.

"'That, whereas certain ambassadors arrived from the Court of Blefuscu, to sue for peace in his majesty's court, he, the said Flestrin, did, like a false traitor, aid, abet, comfort, and divert, the said ambassadors, although he knew them to be servants to a prince who was lately an open enemy to his imperial majesty, and in an open war against his said majesty.

aid - l'aide, aider, aide, assister, secourir

abet - abet, encourager

comfort - le confort, confort, consoler

Article IV.

"'That the said Quinbus Flestrin, contrary to the duty of a faithful subject, is now preparing to make a voyage to the court and empire of Blefuscu, for which he has received only verbal license from his imperial majesty; and, under colour of the said license, does falsely and traitorously intend to take the said voyage, and thereby to aid, comfort, and abet the emperor of Blefuscu, so lately an enemy, and in open war with his imperial majesty aforesaid.'

faithful - fidele, fidele, loyal

verbal - verbal, oral

falsely - a tort, faussement

thereby - et donc, ainsi, de ce fait, par la

aforesaid - précité

"There are some other articles; but these are the most important, of which I have read you an abstract.

abstract - résumé, abstrait, abstraire, distiller, se retirer

"In the several debates upon this impeachment, it must be confessed that his majesty gave many marks of his great lenity; often urging the services you had done him, and endeavouring to extenuate your crimes.

debates - débats, débat, discussion, débattre

lenity - l'indulgence

urging - l'exhortation, exhortant, (urge), pulsion, pousser, inciter

endeavouring - s'efforcer, s'efforcer (de)

extenuate - exténuent, exténuons, exténuez, exténuer

The treasurer and admiral insisted that you should be put to the most painful and ignominious death, by setting fire to your house at night, and the general was to attend with twenty thousand men, armed with poisoned arrows, to shoot you on the face and hands.

most painful - le plus douloureux

setting - de l'environnement, réglage, configuration

Some of your servants were to have private orders to strew a poisonous juice on your shirts and sheets, which would soon make you tear your own flesh, and die in the utmost torture. The general came into the same opinion; so that for a long time there was a majority against you; but his majesty resolving, if possible, to spare your life, at last brought off the chamberlain.

strew - strew, parsemer, joncher

poisonous - toxiques

tear - déchirure, déchirer, fissure, larme, pleur

torture - la torture, torture, torturer

majority - majorité

resolving - résoudre, prendre la résolution de

if possible - si possible

spare - de rechange, épargner, loisirs, économiser

"Upon this incident, Reldresal, principal secretary for private affairs, who always approved himself your true friend, was commanded by the emperor to deliver his opinion, which he accordingly did; and therein justified the good thoughts you have of him.

incident - incident, checkfait-divers, checkaccident

justified - justifiée, justifier

He allowed your crimes to be great, but that still there was room for mercy, the most commendable virtue in a prince, and for which his majesty was so justly celebrated.

commendable - louable

celebrated - célébré, rendre hommage, célébrer, feter

He said, the friendship between you and him was so well known to the world, that perhaps the most honourable board might think him partial; however, in obedience to the command he had received, he would freely offer his sentiments.

most honourable - le plus honorable

sentiments - sentiments, sentiment

That if his majesty, in consideration of your services, and pursuant to his own merciful disposition, would please to spare your life, and only give orders to put out both your eyes, he humbly conceived, that by this expedient justice might in some measure be satisfied, and all the world would applaud the lenity of the emperor, as well as the fair and generous proceedings of those who have the honour to be his counsellors. That the loss of your eyes would be no impediment to your bodily strength, by which you might still be useful to his majesty; that blindness is an addition to courage, by concealing dangers from us; that the fear you had for your eyes, was the greatest difficulty in bringing over the enemy's fleet, and it would be sufficient for you to see by the eyes of the ministers, since the greatest princes do no more.

in consideration of - en considération de

pursuant - en application, en conformité avec, conformément

merciful - miséricordieux

satisfied - satisfaits, satisfaire

applaud - applaudir, ovationner, louer, approuver

impediment - obstacle, empechement, irritant, entrave

blindness - la cécité, cécité

concealing - dissimuler, cacher

dangers - dangers, danger, péril, qualifier

"This proposal was received with the utmost disapprobation by the whole board.

Bolgolam, the admiral, could not preserve his temper, but, rising up in fury, said, he wondered how the secretary durst presume to give his opinion for preserving the life of a traitor; that the services you had performed were, by all true reasons of state, the great aggravation of your crimes; that you, who were able to extinguish the fire by discharge of urine in her majesty's apartment (which he mentioned with horror), might, at another time, raise an inundation by the same means, to drown the whole palace; and the same strength which enabled you to bring over the enemy's fleet, might serve, upon the first discontent, to carry it back; that he had good reasons to think you were a Big-endian in your heart; and, as treason begins in the heart, before it appears in overt-acts, so he accused you as a traitor on that account, and therefore insisted you should be put to death.

temper - caractere, tempérament, humeur, état d'esprit, recuit

wondered - s'est demandé, merveille, étonner

preserving - préserver, confiture, conserve, réserve naturelle

extinguish - éteindre

horror - l'horreur, horreur, effroi, dégout, aversion

another time - une autre fois

inundation - l'inondation, inondation

drown - se noyer, noyer, checksubmerger

discontent - mécontentement, checkprotestation

Appears - apparaît, apparaître, paraître, sembler

"The treasurer was of the same opinion: he showed to what straits his majesty's revenue was reduced, by the charge of maintaining you, which would soon grow insupportable; that the secretary's expedient of putting out your eyes, was so far from being a remedy against this evil, that it would probably increase it, as is manifest from the common practice of blinding some kind of fowls, after which they fed the faster, and grew sooner fat; that his sacred majesty and the council, who are your judges, were, in their own consciences, fully convinced of your guilt, which was a sufficient argument to condemn you to death, without the formal proofs required by the strict letter of the law.

straits - de l'eau, détroit

revenue - des recettes, revenu, revenus, chiffre d'affaires

reduced - réduite, réduire, diminuer, fr

insupportable - insupportable

putting out - a mettre dehors

remedy - remede, remede, recours, remédier

fowls - volailles, volaille, oiseau de basse-cour

fed - alimentée, alimentées, alimenterent

sacred - sacrée, sacré, saint

fully - pleinement, entierement, completement

Convinced - convaincu, convaincre, persuader

guilt - culpabilité

condemn - condamner, déclarer coupable

formal - formelle, officiel

"But his imperial majesty, fully determined against capital punishment, was graciously pleased to say, that since the council thought the loss of your eyes too easy a censure, some other way may be inflicted hereafter.

capital punishment - la peine de mort

inflicted - infligé, infliger

And your friend the secretary, humbly desiring to be heard again, in answer to what the treasurer had objected, concerning the great charge his majesty was at in maintaining you, said, that his excellency, who had the sole disposal of the emperor's revenue, might easily provide against that evil, by gradually lessening your establishment; by which, for want of sufficient for you would grow weak and faint, and lose your appetite, and consequently, decay, and consume in a few months; neither would the stench of your carcass be then so dangerous, when it should become more than half diminished; and immediately upon your death five or six thousand of his majesty's subjects might, in two or three days, cut your flesh from your bones, take it away by cart-loads, and bury it in distant parts, to prevent infection, leaving the skeleton as a monument of admiration to posterity.

desiring - désirant, désirer, désir

disposal - l'élimination, disposition, élimination

lessening - diminution, amoindrir, atténuer, diminuer, réduire

faint - évanouissement, s'évanouir, défailles, défaillez, défaillir

decay - pourriture, décrépitude, déchéance, pourrir, se désintégrer

consume - consommer, consumer, rench: t-needed r

diminished - diminué, réduire, rétrécir, rapetisser, diminuer, amincir

cart - chariot, charrette

loads - des charges, charge, chargement

infection - l'infection, infection

skeleton - squelette, ossature

monument - monument, mémorial

"Thus, by the great friendship of the secretary, the whole affair was compromised.

affair - affaire, aventure, liaison

compromised - compromis, concession, compromettre

It was strictly enjoined, that the project of starving you by degrees should be kept a secret; but the sentence of putting out your eyes was entered on the books; none dissenting, except Bolgolam the admiral, who, being a creature of the empress, was perpetually instigated by her majesty to insist upon your death, she having borne perpetual malice against you, on account of that infamous and illegal method you took to extinguish the fire in her apartment.

Starving - affamés, affamant, (starve), mourir de faim, crever de faim

entered - a pénétré, entrer, rench: -neededr, taper, saisir

dissenting - dissident, dissidence

perpetually - perpétuellement

instigated - instigué, inciter, susciter

insist - insister

borne - porté, supporter

illegal - illégal, sansapiers, clandestin, immigrant illégal

"In three days your friend the secretary will be directed to come to your house, and read before you the articles of impeachment; and then to signify the great lenity and favour of his majesty and council, whereby you are only condemned to the loss of your eyes, which his majesty does not question you will gratefully and humbly submit to; and twenty of his majesty's surgeons will attend, in order to see the operation well performed, by discharging very sharp-pointed arrows into the balls of your eyes, as you lie on the ground.

gratefully - avec gratitude

surgeons - chirurgiens, chirurgien, chirurgienne

discharging - la décharge, licenciement, débit

"I leave to your prudence what measures you will take; and to avoid suspicion, I must immediately return in as private a manner as I came."

measures - mesures, mesure, mesurer

suspicion - suspicion, soupçon

His lordship did so; and I remained alone, under many doubts and perplexities of mind.

doubts - des doutes, douter, doute

perplexities - perplexités, perplexité

It was a custom introduced by this prince and his ministry (very different, as I have been assured, from the practice of former times,) that after the court had decreed any cruel execution, either to gratify the monarch's resentment, or the malice of a favourite, the emperor always made a speech to his whole council, expressing his great lenity and tenderness, as qualities known and confessed by all the world. This speech was immediately published throughout the kingdom; nor did any thing terrify the people so much as those encomiums on his majesty's mercy; because it was observed, that the more these praises were enlarged and insisted on, the more inhuman was the punishment, and the sufferer more innocent. Yet, as to myself, I must confess, having never been designed for a courtier, either by my birth or education, I was so ill a judge of things, that I could not discover the lenity and favour of this sentence, but conceived it (perhaps erroneously) rather to be rigorous than gentle. I sometimes thought of standing my trial, for, although I could not deny the facts alleged in the several articles, yet I hoped they would admit of some extenuation. But having in my life perused many state-trials, which I ever observed to terminate as the judges thought fit to direct, I durst not rely on so dangerous a decision, in so critical a juncture, and against such powerful enemies. Once I was strongly bent upon resistance, for, while I had liberty the whole strength of that empire could hardly subdue me, and I might easily with stones pelt the metropolis to pieces; but I soon rejected that project with horror, by remembering the oath I had made to the emperor, the favours I received from him, and the high title of nardac he conferred upon me. Neither had I so soon learned the gratitude of courtiers, to persuade myself, that his majesty's present seventies acquitted me of all past obligations.

decreed - décrété, décret, ordonnance, décréter

cruel - cruel

resentment - le ressentiment, ressentiment, agacement, rancune

expressing - exprimant, exprimer

throughout - tout au long de l'année, tout au long de, durant

praises - des louanges, louange, louer, féliciter, prôner

enlarged - élargi, agrandir, élargir, accroître

inhuman - inhumaine

more innocent - plus innocent

courtier - courtisan

rigorous - rigoureux

deny - refuser

admit of - admettre

perused - consultés, examiner, jeter un coup d'oil, survoler, feuilleter

state-trials - (state-trials) des proces d'état

terminate - résilier, terminer

Direct - direct, mettre en scene, ordonner

rely - s'appuyer, compter sur

decision - décision

critical - critique

juncture - la conjoncture, jonction, joncture

subdue - soumettre, subjuguer, assujettir

pelt - peau, lancer

rejected - rejetée, rejeter

persuade - persuader

acquitted - acquittée, innocenter

obligations - obligations, obligation, engagement, fr

At last, I fixed upon a resolution, for which it is probable I may incur some censure, and not unjustly; for I confess I owe the preserving of mine eyes, and consequently my liberty, to my own great rashness and want of experience; because, if I had then known the nature of princes and ministers, which I have since observed in many other courts, and their methods of treating criminals less obnoxious than myself, I should, with great alacrity and readiness, have submitted to so easy a punishment. But hurried on by the precipitancy of youth, and having his imperial majesty's license to pay my attendance upon the emperor of Blefuscu, I took this opportunity, before the three days were elapsed, to send a letter to my friend the secretary, signifying my resolution of setting out that morning for Blefuscu, pursuant to the leave I had got; and, without waiting for an answer, I went to that side of the island where our fleet lay. I seized a large man of war, tied a cable to the prow, and, lifting up the anchors, I stripped myself, put my clothes (together with my coverlet, which I carried under my arm) into the vessel, and, drawing it after me, between wading and swimming arrived at the royal port of Blefuscu, where the people had long expected me: they lent me two guides to direct me to the capital city, which is of the same name. I held them in my hands, till I came within two hundred yards of the gate, and desired them "to signify my arrival to one of the secretaries, and let him know, I there waited his majesty's command." I had an answer in about an hour, "that his majesty, attended by the royal family, and great officers of the court, was coming out to receive me." I advanced a hundred yards. The emperor and his train alighted from their horses, the empress and ladies from their coaches, and I did not perceive they were in any fright or concern. I lay on the ground to kiss his majesty's and the empress's hands. I told his majesty, "that I was come according to my promise, and with the license of the emperor my master, to have the honour of seeing so mighty a monarch, and to offer him any service in my power, consistent with my duty to my own prince;" not mentioning a word of my disgrace, because I had hitherto no regular information of it, and might suppose myself wholly ignorant of any such design; neither could I reasonably conceive that the emperor would discover the secret, while I was out of his power; wherein, however, it soon appeared I was deceived.

probable - probable

incur - incurable, encourir, s'attirer, subir, impliquer, occasioner

unjustly - injustement

owe - doit, devoir

rashness - témérité, irréflexion

Experience - expérience, éprouver, vivre

treating - traiter, traitant, (treat), négocier, régaler, guérir

obnoxious - odieux

alacrity - alacrité, empressement, rapidité

submitted - soumis, soumettre

hurried - pressé, précipitation, hâte, dépecher

precipitancy - précipitation

elapsed - s'est écoulé, passer

signifying - signifiant, (signify), signifier

setting out - la mise en route

stripped - dépouillé, enlever

coverlet - couvre-lit

wading - patauger, (wad) patauger

lent - preté, pretés, preta, pretâmes, pretai, pretées, (lend) preté

guides - guides, guider

consistent - cohérent

mentioning - mentionnant, mentionner

regular - réguliere, régulier, habitué, habituée, habitués, habituées

ignorant - ignorant

reasonably - raisonnablement

deceived - trompé, tromper, leurrer, séduire

I shall not trouble the reader with the particular account of my reception at this court, which was suitable to the generosity of so great a prince; nor of the difficulties I was in for want of a house and bed, being forced to lie on the ground, wrapped up in my coverlet.

wrapped up - emballé

CHAPTER VIII.

The author, by a lucky accident, finds means to leave Blefuscu; and, after some difficulties, returns safe to his native country.

lucky - chanceux, heureux, veinard, fortuné

native country - pays d'origine

Three days after my arrival, walking out of curiosity to the north-east coast of the island, I observed, about half a league off in the sea, somewhat that looked like a boat overturned.

League - ligue, confédérer

overturned - annulée, renverser, retourner, capoter, verser

I pulled off my shoes and stockings, and, wailing two or three hundred yards, I found the object to approach nearer by force of the tide; and then plainly saw it to be a real boat, which I supposed might by some tempest have been driven from a ship.

pulled - tiré, tirer, retirer, tirer un coup, influence

wailing - gémissements, (wail) gémissements

object to - s'opposer a

approach - approche, approchons, abordent, abordez, rapprochons

by force - par la force

tempest - tempete, tempete, (temp) tempete

Whereupon, I returned immediately towards the city, and desired his imperial majesty to lend me twenty of the tallest vessels he had left, after the loss of his fleet, and three thousand seamen, under the command of his vice-admiral. This fleet sailed round, while I went back the shortest way to the coast, where I first discovered the boat. I found the tide had driven it still nearer.

lend - preter, pretons, conférer, pretent, emprunter

sailed round - a fait le tour

The seamen were all provided with cordage, which I had beforehand twisted to a sufficient strength. When the ships came up, I stripped myself, and waded till I came within a hundred yards off the boat, after which I was forced to swim till I got up to it.

cordage - cordage

beforehand - a l'avance

The seamen threw me the end of the cord, which I fastened to a hole in the fore-part of the boat, and the other end to a man of war; but I found all my labour to little purpose; for, being out of my depth, I was not able to work.

threw - jeté, jeter, lancer

In this necessity I was forced to swim behind, and push the boat forward, as often as I could, with one of my hands; and the tide favouring me, I advanced so far that I could just hold up my chin and feel the ground.

push - pousser, poussons, poussez, poussent, buter, acculer

favouring - favoriser, service

I rested two or three minutes, and then gave the boat another shove, and so on, till the sea was no higher than my arm-pits; and now, the most laborious part being over, I took out my other cables, which were stowed in one of the ships, and fastened them first to the boat, and then to nine of the vessels which attended me; the wind being favourable, the seamen towed, and I shoved, until we arrived within forty yards of the shore; and, waiting till the tide was out, I got dry to the boat, and by the assistance of two thousand men, with ropes and engines, I made a shift to turn it on its bottom, and found it was but little damaged.

laborious - laborieux

stowed - rangé, ranger

shoved - poussé, enfoncer, pousser

dry - sec, anhydre, sécher, tfaire sécher

damaged - endommagé, dégât, dommage, endommager, abîmer

I shall not trouble the reader with the difficulties I was under, by the help of certain paddles, which cost me ten days making, to get my boat to the royal port of Blefuscu, where a mighty concourse of people appeared upon my arrival, full of wonder at the sight of so prodigious a vessel.

paddles - des pagaies, barboter

concourse - hall d'entrée, hall

I told the emperor "that my good fortune had thrown this boat in my way, to carry me to some place whence I might return into my native country; and begged his majesty's orders for getting materials to fit it up, together with his license to depart;" which, after some kind expostulations, he was pleased to grant.

thrown - jeté, jeter, lancer

some place - quelque part

native - maternel, autochtone, indigene, natif, endémique

begged - supplié, mendier

materials - matériaux, matériel, matériau, matiere

I did very much wonder, in all this time, not to have heard of any express relating to me from our emperor to the court of Blefuscu.

But I was afterward given privately to understand, that his imperial majesty, never imagining I had the least notice of his designs, believed I was only gone to Blefuscu in performance of my promise, according to the license he had given me, which was well known at our court, and would return in a few days, when the ceremony was ended.

afterward - apres

But he was at last in pain at my long absence; and after consulting with the treasurer and the rest of that cabal, a person of quality was dispatched with the copy of the articles against me.

absence - absence, manque, absence du fer

after consulting - apres la consultation

cabal - cabale

dispatched - expédié, dépeche

This envoy had instructions to represent to the monarch of Blefuscu, "the great lenity of his master, who was content to punish me no farther than with the loss of mine eyes; that I had fled from justice; and if I did not return in two hours, I should be deprived of my title of nardac, and declared a traitor.

envoy - envoyé, émissaire

represent - représenter, constituer, représentez, représentons

punish me - me punir

deprived of - privé de

declared - déclarée, expliquer, déclarer

" The envoy further added, "that in order to maintain the peace and amity between both empires, his master expected that his brother of Blefuscu would give orders to have me sent back to Lilliput, bound hand and foot, to be punished as a traitor."

amity - amité, amitié

sent back - renvoyé

The emperor of Blefuscu, having taken three days to consult, returned an answer consisting of many civilities and excuses. He said, "that as for sending me bound, his brother knew it was impossible; that, although I had deprived him of his fleet, yet he owed great obligations to me for many good offices I had done him in making the peace.

consult - consulter

civilities - civilités, politesse

excuses - des excuses, excuser, pardonner, justifier

deprived - privés, priver

owed - du, devoir

That, however, both their majesties would soon be made easy; for I had found a prodigious vessel on the shore, able to carry me on the sea, which he had given orders to fit up, with my own assistance and direction; and he hoped, in a few weeks, both empires would be freed from so insupportable an encumbrance."

Majesties - majesties, majesté

direction - direction

With this answer the envoy returned to Lilliput; and the monarch of Blefuscu related to me all that had passed; offering me at the same time (but under the strictest confidence) his gracious protection, if I would continue in his service; wherein, although I believed him sincere, yet I resolved never more to put any confidence in princes or ministers, where I could possibly avoid it; and therefore, with all due acknowledgments for his favourable intentions, I humbly begged to be excused. I told him, "that since fortune, whether good or evil, had thrown a vessel in my way, I was resolved to venture myself on the ocean, rather than be an occasion of difference between two such mighty monarchs." Neither did I find the emperor at all displeased; and I discovered, by a certain accident, that he was very glad of my resolution, and so were most of his ministers.

offering - offre, offrande, (offer)

protection - protection

sincere - sincere, sincere

Possibly - peut-etre, possiblement, peut-etre

acknowledgments - remerciements, aveu, confession, reconnaissance, récompense

Ocean - l'océan, océan

These considerations moved me to hasten my departure somewhat sooner than I intended; to which the court, impatient to have me gone, very readily contributed. Five hundred workmen were employed to make two sails to my boat, according to my directions, by quilting thirteen folds of their strongest linen together.

considerations - considérations, considération, fr

hasten - se hâter, dépecher

departure - départ, déviation

contributed - a contribué, contribuer

sails - voiles, voile

quilting - quilting, (quilt), édredon, couette, courtepointe, matelasser

I was at the pains of making ropes and cables, by twisting ten, twenty, or thirty of the thickest and strongest of theirs. A great stone that I happened to find, after a long search, by the sea-shore, served me for an anchor. I had the tallow of three hundred cows, for greasing my boat, and other uses.

twisting - torsion, (twist), twist, entortiller, tordre

sea-shore - (sea-shore) le rivage de la mer

tallow - suif

greasing - graissage, graisse, graisser, graisser la patte

I was at incredible pains in cutting down some of the largest timber-trees, for oars and masts, wherein I was, however, much assisted by his majesty's ship-carpenters, who helped me in smoothing them, after I had done the rough work.

oars - rames, rame, aviron

masts - mâts, mât

smoothing - lissage, (smooth), lisse, doux, facile, sophistiqué, naturel

rough - rude, rugueux, brut, approximatif, difficile, brutal, ébaucher

In about a month, when all was prepared, I sent to receive his majesty's commands, and to take my leave. The emperor and royal family came out of the palace; I lay down on my face to kiss his hand, which he very graciously gave me: so did the empress and young princes of the blood.

His majesty presented me with fifty purses of two hundred sprugs a-piece, together with his picture at full length, which I put immediately into one of my gloves, to keep it from being hurt. The ceremonies at my departure were too many to trouble the reader with at this time.

purses - sacs a main, bourse, portemonnaie, portefeuille, sac a main

gloves - gants, gant

ceremonies - cérémonies, cérémonie

I stored the boat with the carcases of a hundred oxen, and three hundred sheep, with bread and drink proportionable, and as much meat ready dressed as four hundred cooks could provide. I took with me six cows and two bulls alive, with as many ewes and rams, intending to carry them into my own country, and propagate the breed.

stored - stockée, entrepôt, stock, stocker, conserver

bulls - des taureaux, taureau, mâle

ewes - brebis

rams - béliers, RAM, mémoire RAM

intending - l'intention, avoir l'intention, envisager, concevoir, prévoir

breed - se reproduire, engendrer, élever, race

And to feed them on board, I had a good bundle of hay, and a bag of corn. I would gladly have taken a dozen of the natives, but this was a thing the emperor would by no means permit; and, besides a diligent search into my pockets, his majesty engaged my honour "not to carry away any of his subjects, although with their own consent and desire."

feed - l'alimentation, nourrir, alimentent, alimentez, alimentons

Hay - foin

gladly - heureusement, volontiers

diligent - diligent

carry away - emporter

Having thus prepared all things as well as I was able, I set sail on the twenty-fourth day of September 1701, at six in the morning; and when I had gone about four-leagues to the northward, the wind being at south-east, at six in the evening I descried a small island, about half a league to the north-west.

descried - décrite, percevoir

I advanced forward, and cast anchor on the lee-side of the island, which seemed to be uninhabited. I then took some refreshment, and went to my rest. I slept well, and as I conjectured at least six hours, for I found the day broke in two hours after I awaked. It was a clear night.

Lee - lee, côté sous le vent

uninhabited - inhabité

I ate my breakfast before the sun was up; and heaving anchor, the wind being favourable, I steered the same course that I had done the day before, wherein I was directed by my pocket compass. My intention was to reach, if possible, one of those islands which I had reason to believe lay to the north-east of Van Diemen's Land.

heaving - le déchaussement, (heave), hisser

steered - piloté, bouvillon

I discovered nothing all that day; but upon the next, about three in the afternoon, when I had by my computation made twenty-four leagues from Blefuscu, I descried a sail steering to the south-east; my course was due east. I hailed her, but could get no answer; yet I found I gained upon her, for the wind slackened.

steering - la direction, direction, (steer) la direction

hailed - salué, grele

I made all the sail I could, and in half an hour she spied me, then hung out her ancient, and discharged a gun. It is not easy to express the joy I was in, upon the unexpected hope of once more seeing my beloved country, and the dear pledges I left in it.

hung out - traîner

gun - pistolet, as, rigolo, fusil

unexpected - inattendu

beloved - bien-aimé, chéri, amant, amante, (belove)

pledges - promesses, promettre, mettre en gage, serment, gage

The ship slackened her sails, and I came up with her between five and six in the evening, September 26th; but my heart leaped within me to see her English colours. I put my cows and sheep into my coat-pockets, and got on board with all my little cargo of provisions. The vessel was an English merchantman, returning from Japan by the North and South seas; the captain, Mr.

Provisions - dispositions, provision, provisionner

merchantman - marchand

Japan - le japon, Japon

John Biddel, of Deptford, a very civil man, and an excellent sailor.

sailor - marin, matelot, matelote, femme matelot, femme-matelot

We were now in the latitude of 30 degrees south; there were about fifty men in the ship; and here I met an old comrade of mine, one Peter Williams, who gave me a good character to the captain.

Peter - peter, Pierre, P

Williams - williams, Guillaume, William

This gentleman treated me with kindness, and desired I would let him know what place I came from last, and whither I was bound; which I did in a few words, but he thought I was raving, and that the dangers I underwent had disturbed my head; whereupon I took my black cattle and sheep out of my pocket, which, after great astonishment, clearly convinced him of my veracity.

raving - divagations

disturbed - perturbé, déranger, perturber, gener

Clearly - en clair, clairement

I then showed him the gold given me by the emperor of Blefuscu, together with his majesty's picture at full length, and some other rarities of that country. I gave him two purses of two hundreds sprugs each, and promised, when we arrived in England, to make him a present of a cow and a sheep big with young.

rarities - raretés, rareté

promised - promis, vou, promesse, promettre

I shall not trouble the reader with a particular account of this voyage, which was very prosperous for the most part. We arrived in the Downs on the 13th of April, 1702. I had only one misfortune, that the rats on board carried away one of my sheep; I found her bones in a hole, picked clean from the flesh.

misfortune - malchance, mésaventure, malheur

rats - les rats, rat

picked - choisi, pioche, passe-partout, choix, écran, prendre, cueillir

The rest of my cattle I got safe ashore, and set them a-grazing in a bowling-green at Greenwich, where the fineness of the grass made them feed very heartily, though I had always feared the contrary: neither could I possibly have preserved them in so long a voyage, if the captain had not allowed me some of his best biscuit, which, rubbed to powder, and mingled with water, was their constant food. The short time I continued in England, I made a considerable profit by showing my cattle to many persons of quality and others: and before I began my second voyage, I sold them for six hundred pounds. Since my last return I find the breed is considerably increased, especially the sheep, which I hope will prove much to the advantage of the woollen manufacture, by the fineness of the fleeces.

grazing - le pâturage, (graze), éraflure, faire paître, brouter, pâturer

bowling - le bowling, bowling, (bowl) le bowling

Greenwich - greenwich

fineness - finesse, élancement

biscuit - biscuit

profit - profit, gain, bénéfice, servir, profiter

Considerably - considérablement, largement

woollen - lainage

manufacture - fabrication, production, produit, fabriquer, produire

fleeces - des polaires, toison, molleton, polaire

I stayed but two months with my wife and family, for my insatiable desire of seeing foreign countries, would suffer me to continue no longer. I left fifteen hundred pounds with my wife, and fixed her in a good house at Redriff. My remaining stock I carried with me, part in money and part in goods, in hopes to improve my fortunes.

insatiable - insatiable

foreign countries - des pays étrangers

stock - stock, provision, stockage

fortunes - fortune, destin, bonne chance

My eldest uncle John had left me an estate in land, near Epping, of about thirty pounds a-year; and I had a long lease of the Black Bull in Fetter-Lane, which yielded me as much more; so that I was not in any danger of leaving my family upon the parish. My son Johnny, named so after his uncle, was at the grammar-school, and a towardly child.

lease - bail, baillons, baillez, baillent, affermer, bailler

Bull - le taureau, taureau

yielded - cédé, céder

parish - paroisse

Johnny - johnny, Jeannot

grammar-school - (grammar-school) L'école primaire

towardly - vers

My daughter Betty (who is now well married, and has children) was then at her needle-work. I took leave of my wife, and boy and girl, with tears on both sides, and went on board the Adventure, a merchant ship of three hundred tons, bound for Surat, captain John Nicholas, of Liverpool, commander. But my account of this voyage must be referred to the Second Part of my Travels.

merchant ship - un navire marchand

tons - tonnes, tonne

Liverpool - liverpool

PART II. A VOYAGE TO BROBDINGNAG.

CHAPTER I.

A great storm described; the long boat sent to fetch water; the author goes with it to discover the country. He is left on shore, is seized by one of the natives, and carried to a farmer's house. His reception, with several accidents that happened there. A description of the inhabitants.

fetch - chercher, apporter, aveignez, amener, aveignent, apportons

Having been condemned, by nature and fortune, to active and restless life, in two months after my return, I again left my native country, and took shipping in the Downs, on the 20th day of June, 1702, in the Adventure, Captain John Nicholas, a Cornish man, commander, bound for Surat.

by nature - par nature

active - active, actif

restless - inquiet, agité, checkimpatient

Shipping - l'expédition, (ship) l'expédition

Cornish - cornouailles, cornique

We had a very prosperous gale, till we arrived at the Cape of Good Hope, where we landed for fresh water; but discovering a leak, we unshipped our goods and wintered there; for the captain falling sick of an ague, we could not leave the Cape till the end of March.

gale - coup de vent, tempete

Cape - le cap, cap

fresh water - de l'eau douce

discovering - découvrir

leak - fuite, voie d'eau, taupe, fuir

ague - ague, fievre

We then set sail, and had a good voyage till we passed the Straits of Madagascar; but having got northward of that island, and to about five degrees south latitude, the winds, which in those seas are observed to blow a constant equal gale between the north and west, from the beginning of December to the beginning of May, on the 19th of April began to blow with much greater violence, and more westerly than usual, continuing so for twenty days together: during which time, we were driven a little to the east of the Molucca Islands, and about three degrees northward of the line, as our captain found by an observation he took the 2nd of May, at which time the wind ceased, and it was a perfect calm, whereat I was not a little rejoiced. But he, being a man well experienced in the navigation of those seas, bid us all prepare against a storm, which accordingly happened the day following: for the southern wind, called the southern monsoon, began to set in.

Madagascar - madagascar

winds - vents, vent

blow - souffler, soufflons, soufflent, soufflez, coup

Equal - l'égalité, égal, égaler a, égale

continuing - en continuant, continuer

Molucca - Les Moluques

Calm - calme, tranquille, calme plat, calmer, apaiser

whereat - pourquoi, a quoi

rejoiced - s'est réjoui, réjouir

bid - offre, impératifs, prier

southern - méridionale, méridional, sud, austral, sudiste

monsoon - la mousson, mousson

Finding it was likely to overblow, we took in our sprit-sail, and stood by to hand the fore-sail; but making foul weather, we looked the guns were all fast, and handed the mizen. The ship lay very broad off, so we thought it better spooning before the sea, than trying or hulling. We reefed the fore-sail and set him, and hauled aft the fore-sheet; the helm was hard a-weather.

Likely - probable

overblow - l'overblow

took in - pris

sprit - sprit

stood by - Se tenir a côté

foul - la faute, infâme

guns - des armes, arme a feu

mizen - mizen

spooning - cuillere

hulling - le décorticage, coque

reefed - en écueil, récif

hauled - transporté, haler, trainer, butin, magot

aft - aft

sheet - feuille, plaque, écoute

helm - barre, gouvernail, timon

The ship wore bravely. We belayed the fore down-haul; but the sail was split, and we hauled down the yard, and got the sail into the ship, and unbound all the things clear of it. It was a very fierce storm; the sea broke strange and dangerous. We hauled off upon the laniard of the whip-staff, and helped the man at the helm.

bravely - courageusement, bravement

haul - de l'eau de pluie, haler, trainer, butin, magot

unbound - non consolidé, détacher

fierce - féroce

laniard - laniard

whip - fouet, whip, fouetter, flageller, défaire, battre

We would not get down our topmast, but let all stand, because she scudded before the sea very well, and we knew that the top-mast being aloft, the ship was the wholesomer, and made better way through the sea, seeing we had sea-room. When the storm was over, we set fore-sail and main-sail, and brought the ship to. Then we set the mizen, main-top-sail, and the fore-top-sail.

mast - mât

aloft - en altitude, en haut, en l'air

wholesomer - grossiste, salubre, sain, vertueux

Our course was east-north-east, the wind was at south-west. We got the starboard tacks aboard, we cast off our weather-braces and lifts; we set in the lee-braces, and hauled forward by the weather-bowlings, and hauled them tight, and belayed them, and hauled over the mizen tack to windward, and kept her full and by as near as she would lie.

starboard - a tribord, tribord

tacks - tacks, punaise

aboard - a bord, a bord, a bord de

braces - les appareils dentaires, toise, fiche, doublé, retenir

lifts - les ascenseurs, soulever

bowlings - les bowlings

During this storm, which was followed by a strong wind west-south-west, we were carried, by my computation, about five hundred leagues to the east, so that the oldest sailor on board could not tell in what part of the world we were. Our provisions held out well, our ship was staunch, and our crew all in good health; but we lay in the utmost distress for water.

staunch - ferme, fervent, étancher

We thought it best to hold on the same course, rather than turn more northerly, which might have brought us to the north-west part of Great Tartary, and into the Frozen Sea.

northerly - au nord, aquilon

frozen - gelé, geler

On the 16th day of June, 1703, a boy on the top-mast discovered land. On the 17th, we came in full view of a great island, or continent (for we knew not whether;) on the south side whereof was a small neck of land jutting out into the sea, and a creek too shallow to hold a ship of above one hundred tons.

Continent - continent, partie du monde

jutting - en saillie, saillir

Creek - le ruisseau, crique, ruisseau

shallow - superficielle, peu profond, superficiel, haut-fond, baisse

We cast anchor within a league of this creek, and our captain sent a dozen of his men well armed in the long-boat, with vessels for water, if any could be found. I desired his leave to go with them, that I might see the country, and make what discoveries I could. When we came to land we saw no river or spring, nor any sign of inhabitants.

discoveries - découvertes, découverte

Our men therefore wandered on the shore to find out some fresh water near the sea, and I walked alone about a mile on the other side, where I observed the country all barren and rocky.

wandered - erré, errer, vaguer, divaguer

barren - stérile

Rocky - rocheux, rocheuxse

I now began to be weary, and seeing nothing to entertain my curiosity, I returned gently down towards the creek; and the sea being full in my view, I saw our men already got into the boat, and rowing for life to the ship.

I was going to holla after them, although it had been to little purpose, when I observed a huge creature walking after them in the sea, as fast as he could: he waded not much deeper than his knees, and took prodigious strides: but our men had the start of him half a league, and, the sea thereabouts being full of sharp-pointed rocks, the monster was not able to overtake the boat.

holla - holla

deeper - plus profond, profond, épais, grave, foncé, foncée

strides - foulées, marcher a grands pas

rocks - des rochers, rocher, roc

monster - monstre, bete, monstrueux

overtake - dépasser, doubler, surprendre

This I was afterwards told, for I durst not stay to see the issue of the adventure; but ran as fast as I could the way I first went, and then climbed up a steep hill, which gave me some prospect of the country. I found it fully cultivated; but that which first surprised me was the length of the grass, which, in those grounds that seemed to be kept for hay, was about twenty feet high.

steep - raide

Hill - hill, colline, côte

cultivated - cultivé, cultiver

surprised - surpris, surprise, surprendre, étonner

I fell into a high road, for so I took it to be, though it served to the inhabitants only as a foot-path through a field of barley. Here I walked on for some time, but could see little on either side, it being now near harvest, and the corn rising at least forty feet.

path - chemin, sentier

barley - de l'orge, orge

harvest - la récolte, récolte, moisson, récolter, moissonner, recueillir

I was an hour walking to the end of this field, which was fenced in with a hedge of at least one hundred and twenty feet high, and the trees so lofty that I could make no computation of their altitude. There was a stile to pass from this field into the next. It had four steps, and a stone to cross over when you came to the uppermost.

fenced in - clôturé

hedge - couverture, haie

lofty - noble, haut

altitude - l'altitude, altitude, hauteur

stile - stile, échalier

pass - passer, doubler, passe, dépasser, passez, passons, passage

steps - étapes, pas

cross over - traverser

uppermost - le plus haut

It was impossible for me to climb this stile, because every step was six-feet high, and the upper stone about twenty. I was endeavouring to find some gap in the hedge, when I discovered one of the inhabitants in the next field, advancing towards the stile, of the same size with him whom I saw in the sea pursuing our boat.

gap - l'écart, breche, créneau, breche

pursuing - poursuivre, poursuivant, (pursue), rechercher

He appeared as tall as an ordinary spire steeple, and took about ten yards at every stride, as near as I could guess.

spire - spire, fleche

steeple - steeple, clocher

I was struck with the utmost fear and astonishment, and ran to hide myself in the corn, whence I saw him at the top of the stile looking back into the next field on the right hand, and heard him call in a voice many degrees louder than a speaking-trumpet: but the noise was so high in the air, that at first I certainly thought it was thunder.

louder - plus fort, fort

trumpet - trompette, trompettiste, barrissement, jouer de la trompette

thunder - le tonnerre, tonnerre, tonitruer

Whereupon seven monsters, like himself, came towards him with reaping-hooks in their hands, each hook about the largeness of six scythes. These people were not so well clad as the first, whose servants or labourers they seemed to be; for, upon some words he spoke, they went to reap the corn in the field where I lay.

monsters - des monstres, monstre, bete, monstrueux

reaping - moissonner, faucher

largeness - l'ampleur

scythes - les faux, faux, faucher

I kept from them at as great a distance as I could, but was forced to move with extreme difficulty, for the stalks of the corn were sometimes not above a foot distant, so that I could hardly squeeze my body betwixt them. However, I made a shift to go forward, till I came to a part of the field where the corn had been laid by the rain and wind.

stalks - tiges, tige

squeeze - de la compression, presser, comprimer, tasser, serrer

betwixt - entre les deux, entre

Here it was impossible for me to advance a step; for the stalks were so interwoven, that I could not creep through, and the beards of the fallen ears so strong and pointed, that they pierced through my clothes into my flesh. At the same time I heard the reapers not a hundred yards behind me.

advance - élever, avancer, avancée, progression, avance, souscription

interwoven - entrelacés, entrelacer

beards - barbes, barbe

pierced - percé, percer

reapers - faucheurs, moissonneur, récolteur

Being quite dispirited with toil, and wholly overcome by grief and dispair, I lay down between two ridges, and heartily wished I might there end my days. I bemoaned my desolate widow and fatherless children. I lamented my own folly and wilfulness, in attempting a second voyage, against the advice of all my friends and relations.

dispirited - découragé, décourager

toil - labeur, travailler

overcome - vaincre, surmonter, envahir

dispair - le désespoir

ridges - cretes, crete, faîte, dorsale

bemoaned - déplorée, déplorer

widow - veuve

lamented - s'est lamentée, lamentation, complainte, se lamenter, plaindre

wilfulness - la volonté

In this terrible agitation of mind, I could not forbear thinking of Lilliput, whose inhabitants looked upon me as the greatest prodigy that ever appeared in the world; where I was able to draw an imperial fleet in my hand, and perform those other actions, which will be recorded for ever in the chronicles of that empire, while posterity shall hardly believe them, although attested by millions.

agitation - l'agitation, agitation

prodigy - présage, augure, auspices, prodige, prodigie

recorded - enregistré, rapport écrit

Chronicles - chroniques, chronique

attested - attestée, attester

I reflected what a mortification it must prove to me, to appear as inconsiderable in this nation, as one single Lilliputian would be among us.

mortification - mortification

inconsiderable - insignifiante

But this I conceived was to be the least of my misfortunes; for, as human creatures are observed to be more savage and cruel in proportion to their bulk, what could I expect but to be a morsel in the mouth of the first among these enormous barbarians that should happen to seize me?

savage - barbare, féroce, sauvage

enormous - énorme

barbarians - des barbares, barbare

Undoubtedly philosophers are in the right, when they tell us that nothing is great or little otherwise than by comparison. It might have pleased fortune, to have let the Lilliputians find some nation, where the people were as diminutive with respect to them, as they were to me.

Undoubtedly - sans doute

by comparison - par comparaison

And who knows but that even this prodigious race of mortals might be equally overmatched in some distant part of the world, whereof we have yet no discovery.

equally - également

discovery - découverte

Scared and confounded as I was, I could not forbear going on with these reflections, when one of the reapers, approaching within ten yards of the ridge where I lay, made me apprehend that with the next step I should be squashed to death under his foot, or cut in two with his reaping-hook.

scared - effrayé, (scar)

ridge - crete, crete, faîte, dorsale

squashed - écrasé, entasser, écraser

And therefore, when he was again about to move, I screamed as loud as fear could make me: whereupon the huge creature trod short, and, looking round about under him for some time, at last espied me as I lay on the ground.

screamed - crié, cri, crier

trod - trod, (tread) trod

He considered awhile, with the caution of one who endeavours to lay hold on a small dangerous animal in such a manner that it shall not be able either to scratch or bite him, as I myself have sometimes done with a weasel in England.

caution - prudence, admonition, checkavertissement, checkmise en garde

endeavours - des efforts, s'efforcer (de)

scratch - gratter, égratigner, piquer, rayer, biffer, oblitérer

bite - mordre, maintenir, garder, tomber dans le panneau, marcher

weasel - belette, belette d'Europe, belette pygmée, petite belette

At length he ventured to take me behind, by the middle, between his fore-finger and thumb, and brought me within three yards of his eyes, that he might behold my shape more perfectly.

shape - forme

I guessed his meaning, and my good fortune gave me so much presence of mind, that I resolved not to struggle in the least as he held me in the air above sixty feet from the ground, although he grievously pinched my sides, for fear I should slip through his fingers.

grievously - gravement, grievement

pinched - pincé, pincer, chiper, pincement, pincée

slip - glisser, fiche, lapsus, patiner

All I ventured was to raise mine eyes towards the sun, and place my hands together in a supplicating posture, and to speak some words in a humble melancholy tone, suitable to the condition I then was in: for I apprehended every moment that he would dash me against the ground, as we usually do any little hateful animal, which we have a mind to destroy.

supplicating - suppliante, supplier

tone - ton, tonalité, tonale

hateful - haineux

But my good star would have it, that he appeared pleased with my voice and gestures, and began to look upon me as a curiosity, much wondering to hear me pronounce articulate words, although he could not understand them.

gestures - gestes, geste, signe

wondering - se demander, (wonder), merveille, conjecturer

pronounce - déclarer, prononcer, déclamer, lire

In the mean time I was not able to forbear groaning and shedding tears, and turning my head towards my sides; letting him know, as well as I could, how cruelly I was hurt by the pressure of his thumb and finger.

shedding - la mue, (shed) la mue

cruelly - cruellement

He seemed to apprehend my meaning; for, lifting up the lappet of his coat, he put me gently into it, and immediately ran along with me to his master, who was a substantial farmer, and the same person I had first seen in the field.

lappet - lappet

substantial - substantielle, substantiel

The farmer having (as I suppose by their talk) received such an account of me as his servant could give him, took a piece of a small straw, about the size of a walking-staff, and therewith lifted up the lappets of my coat; which it seems he thought to be some kind of covering that nature had given me. He blew my hairs aside to take a better view of my face.

therewith - avec

blew - soufflé, coup

aside - a part, a côté, en passant, aparté

He called his hinds about him, and asked them, as I afterwards learned, whether they had ever seen in the fields any little creature that resembled me. He then placed me softly on the ground upon all fours, but I got immediately up, and walked slowly backward and forward, to let those people see I had no intent to run away.

hinds - biches, biche

slowly - lentement

intent - l'intention, intention, résolu, déterminé, buté

They all sat down in a circle about me, the better to observe my motions. I pulled off my hat, and made a low bow towards the farmer. I fell on my knees, and lifted up my hands and eyes, and spoke several words as loud as I could: I took a purse of gold out of my pocket, and humbly presented it to him.

circle - cercle, disque, yeux cernés, cerne, cercler, entourer, encercler

He received it on the palm of his hand, then applied it close to his eye to see what it was, and afterwards turned it several times with the point of a pin (which he took out of his sleeve,) but could make nothing of it. Whereupon I made a sign that he should place his hand on the ground. I then took the purse, and, opening it, poured all the gold into his palm.

pin - épingle

sleeve - manche, chemise (inner), gaine (outer), manchon

poured - versé, verser, se déverser

There were six Spanish pieces of four pistoles each, beside twenty or thirty smaller coins. I saw him wet the tip of his little finger upon his tongue, and take up one of my largest pieces, and then another; but he seemed to be wholly ignorant what they were.

pistoles - pistoles, pistolet

coins - pieces de monnaie, piece de monnaie, jeton

wet - humide, mouillé, mouiller, se mouiller

tongue - langue, languette

then another - puis un autre

He made me a sign to put them again into my purse, and the purse again into my pocket, which, after offering it to him several times, I thought it best to do.

The farmer, by this time, was convinced I must be a rational creature. He spoke often to me; but the sound of his voice pierced my ears like that of a water-mill, yet his words were articulate enough. I answered as loud as I could in several languages, and he often laid his ear within two yards of me: but all in vain, for we were wholly unintelligible to each other.

in vain - en vain

unintelligible - inintelligible

He then sent his servants to their work, and taking his handkerchief out of his pocket, he doubled and spread it on his left hand, which he placed flat on the ground with the palm upward, making me a sign to step into it, as I could easily do, for it was not above a foot in thickness.

doubled - doublé, double, sosie, doublon

upward - a la hausse

I thought it my part to obey, and, for fear of falling, laid myself at full length upon the handkerchief, with the remainder of which he lapped me up to the head for further security, and in this manner carried me home to his house. There he called his wife, and showed me to her; but she screamed and ran back, as women in England do at the sight of a toad or a spider.

obey - obéir, obtempérer

remainder - reste, restant, checkreste, checkrésidu, checkinvendu

lapped - lappé, laper

toad - crapaud

spider - araignée

However, when she had a while seen my behaviour, and how well I observed the signs her husband made, she was soon reconciled, and by degrees grew extremely tender of me.

tender - l'appel d'offres, doux, adjudication, affectieux

It was about twelve at noon, and a servant brought in dinner. It was only one substantial dish of meat (fit for the plain condition of a husbandman,) in a dish of about four-and-twenty feet diameter. The company were, the farmer and his wife, three children, and an old grandmother.

at noon - a midi

husbandman - cultivateur

diameter - diametre, diametre

When they were sat down, the farmer placed me at some distance from him on the table, which was thirty feet high from the floor. I was in a terrible fright, and kept as far as I could from the edge, for fear of falling. The wife minced a bit of meat, then crumbled some bread on a trencher, and placed it before me.

edge - bord, côté, arete, carre

bit - bit, mordis, mordit, mordîmes, mordirent, (bite), mordre

crumbled - en miettes, s'effondrer, effriter, émietter, crumble, qualifier

I made her a low bow, took out my knife and fork, and fell to eat, which gave them exceeding delight.

fork - fourchette, ramification

The mistress sent her maid for a small dram cup, which held about two gallons, and filled it with drink; I took up the vessel with much difficulty in both hands, and in a most respectful manner drank to her ladyship's health, expressing the words as loud as I could in English, which made the company laugh so heartily, that I was almost deafened with the noise.

Mistress - madame, maîtresse, amante

dram - DRAM

gallons - gallons, gallon

most respectful - le plus respectueux

ladyship - Madame

deafened - sourd, assourdir, rendre sourd

This liquor tasted like a small cider, and was not unpleasant. Then the master made me a sign to come to his trencher side; but as I walked on the table, being in great surprise all the time, as the indulgent reader will easily conceive and excuse, I happened to stumble against a crust, and fell flat on my face, but received no hurt.

cider - du cidre, cidre, rench: verre de cidre g

unpleasant - déplaisant, pénible, désagréable

indulgent - indulgent

Excuse - pardon, excuser, pardonner, justifier, prétexte, excuse

stumble - chute, faux pas, bourde, trébucher

crust - croute, croute, écorce

I got up immediately, and observing the good people to be in much concern, I took my hat (which I held under my arm out of good manners,) and waving it over my head, made three huzzas, to show I had got no mischief by my fall.

waving - en faisant signe de la main, (wave) en faisant signe de la main

mischief - méfaits, espieglerie, betise, polissonnerie, méfait

But advancing forward towards my master (as I shall henceforth call him,) his youngest son, who sat next to him, an arch boy of about ten years old, took me up by the legs, and held me so high in the air, that I trembled every limb: but his father snatched me from him, and at the same time gave him such a box on the left ear, as would have felled an European troop of horse to the earth, ordering him to be taken from the table. But being afraid the boy might owe me a spite, and well remembering how mischievous all children among us naturally are to sparrows, rabbits, young kittens, and puppy dogs, I fell on my knees, and pointing to the boy, made my master to understand, as well as I could, that I desired his son might be pardoned. The father complied, and the lad took his seat again, whereupon I went to him, and kissed his hand, which my master took, and made him stroke me gently with it.

arch - arch, dôme

trembled - tremblait, trembler, vibrer, tremblement, vibration

snatched - arraché, empoigner, happer, saisir, arracher, enlever

mischievous - espiegle

naturally - naturellement

sparrows - moineaux, moineau, bruant, piaf

rabbits - des lapins, lapin/-ine

kittens - des chatons, chaton, blaireautin

puppy - chiot, raton

pardoned - gracié, pardon, grâce, pardonner, gracier

complied - s'est-elle conformée, se conformer, respecter, acquiescer

lad - lad, garçon, gars, jeune homme, palefrenier

kissed - embrassée, (s')embrasser

stroke - accident vasculaire cérébral, caresser

In the midst of dinner, my mistress's favourite cat leaped into her lap. I heard a noise behind me like that of a dozen stocking-weavers at work; and turning my head, I found it proceeded from the purring of that animal, who seemed to be three times larger than an ox, as I computed by the view of her head, and one of her paws, while her mistress was feeding and stroking her.

lap - tour, clapoter

stocking - bas, collante, (stock) bas

weavers - les tisserands, tisserand, tisserande, tisseur, tisseuse

purring - ronronner, (pur) ronronner

ox - ox, boeuf

paws - pattes, patte

feeding - l'alimentation, alimentant, (feed) l'alimentation

stroking - la caresse, (stroke) la caresse

The fierceness of this creature's countenance altogether discomposed me; though I stood at the farther end of the table, above fifty feet off; and although my mistress held her fast, for fear she might give a spring, and seize me in her talons. But it happened there was no danger, for the cat took not the least notice of me when my master placed me within three yards of her.

fierceness - férocité, acharnement

talons - talons, serre, griffe

And as I have been always told, and found true by experience in my travels, that flying or discovering fear before a fierce animal, is a certain way to make it pursue or attack you, so I resolved, in this dangerous juncture, to show no manner of concern.

pursue - poursuivre, rechercher

attack - attaque, attaquer, apostropher, invectiver

I walked with intrepidity five or six times before the very head of the cat, and came within half a yard of her; whereupon she drew herself back, as if she were more afraid of me: I had less apprehension concerning the dogs, whereof three or four came into the room, as it is usual in farmers'houses; one of which was a mastiff, equal in bulk to four elephants, and another a greyhound, somewhat taller than the mastiff, but not so large.

farmers - agriculteurs, agriculteur, fermier

mastiff - mastiff, dogue

in bulk - en vrac

greyhound - lévrier, levrette

When dinner was almost done, the nurse came in with a child of a year old in her arms, who immediately spied me, and began a squall that you might have heard from London-Bridge to Chelsea, after the usual oratory of infants, to get me for a plaything.

squall - le squall, grain, hurler, brailler

Bridge - le pont, carpette

oratory - L'art oratoire

plaything - jouet, joujou

The mother, out of pure indulgence, took me up, and put me towards the child, who presently seized me by the middle, and got my head into his mouth, where I roared so loud that the urchin was frighted, and let me drop, and I should infallibly have broke my neck, if the mother had not held her apron under me.

pure - pure, pur, pudique

indulgence - indulgence

urchin - oursin, garnement

frighted - effrayé, peur, effroi

apron - tablier, tarmac, piste

The nurse, to quiet her babe, made use of a rattle which was a kind of hollow vessel filled with great stones, and fastened by a cable to the child's waist: but all in vain; so that she was forced to apply the last remedy by giving it suck.

rattle - cliquetis, claquer, pétarade, ferrailler

hollow vessel - récipient creux

vain - vaine, rench: vaniteux, frivole, vain, futile

apply - s'appliquent, applique, solicitez, solicitent, appliquent

suck - aspirer, sucer, téter, etre chiant, etre nul

I must confess no object ever disgusted me so much as the sight of her monstrous breast, which I cannot tell what to compare with, so as to give the curious reader an idea of its bulk, shape, and colour. It stood prominent six feet, and could not be less than sixteen in circumference.

disgusted - dégouté, dégouter, dégout

The nipple was about half the bigness of my head, and the hue both of that and the dug, so varied with spots, pimples, and freckles, that nothing could appear more nauseous: for I had a near sight of her, she sitting down, the more conveniently to give suck, and I standing on the table.

nipple - mamelon, téton, tétin, tétine

hue - teinte, nuance

dug - creusée, creusâmes, creusé, creusa, creuserent, (dig) creusée

varied - varié, varier

spots - taches, tache, bouton, peu, endroit, zone, détecter, trouver

pimples - des boutons, bouton, pustule, casse-couilles

freckles - des taches de rousseur, tache de rousseur

nauseous - nauséabond, nauséeux

sitting down - assis

This made me reflect upon the fair skins of our English ladies, who appear so beautiful to us, only because they are of our own size, and their defects not to be seen but through a magnifying glass; where we find by experiment that the smoothest and whitest skins look rough, and coarse, and ill-coloured.

reflect - refléter, réfléchir, se refléter, suivre

skins - peaux, peau, apparence, écorcher, égratigner

defects - défauts, défaut, déserter, passer a, rench: -neededr

magnifying glass - une loupe

experiment - expérience, expérimenter

smoothest - le plus doux, lisse, doux, facile, sophistiqué, naturel

I remember when I was at Lilliput, the complexion of those diminutive people appeared to me the fairest in the world; and talking upon this subject with a person of learning there, who was an intimate friend of mine, he said that my face appeared much fairer and smoother when he looked on me from the ground, than it did upon a nearer view, when I took him up in my hand, and brought him close, which he confessed was at first a very shocking sight. He said, "he could discover great holes in my skin; that the stumps of my beard were ten times stronger than the bristles of a boar, and my complexion made up of several colours altogether disagreeable:" although I must beg leave to say for myself, that I am as fair as most of my sex and country, and very little sunburnt by all my travels. On the other side, discoursing of the ladies in that emperor's court, he used to tell me, "one had freckles; another too wide a mouth; a third too large a nose;" nothing of which I was able to distinguish. I confess this reflection was obvious enough; which, however, I could not forbear, lest the reader might think those vast creatures were actually deformed: for I must do them the justice to say, they are a comely race of people, and particularly the features of my master's countenance, although he was but a farmer, when I beheld him from the height of sixty feet, appeared very well proportioned.

fairest - le plus juste, blond

intimate - intime

fairer - plus équitable, blond

smoother - plus souple, (smooth), lisse, doux, facile, sophistiqué

shocking - choquant, choc

skin - la peau, peau, apparence, écorcher, égratigner, dépouiller

stumps - des souches, souche, moignon, estompe

bristles - des poils, soie, poil, se hérisser

boar - sanglier, verrat

disagreeable - incompatible, désagréable

beg leave - demander une permission

discoursing - discours, conversation

obvious - évidentes, évident

vast - vaste

actually - en fait

deformed - déformé, déformer

comely - agréable, avenant

When dinner was done, my master went out to his labourers, and, as I could discover by his voice and gesture, gave his wife strict charge to take care of me. I was very much tired, and disposed to sleep, which my mistress perceiving, she put me on her own bed, and covered me with a clean white handkerchief, but larger and coarser than the mainsail of a man-of-war.

perceiving - percevoir, apercevant, (perceive)

coarser - plus grossier, grossier, brut, vulgaire

mainsail - la grand-voile, grand-voile

I slept about two hours, and dreamt I was at home with my wife and children, which aggravated my sorrows when I awaked, and found myself alone in a vast room, between two and three hundred feet wide, and above two hundred high, lying in a bed twenty yards wide. My mistress was gone about her household affairs, and had locked me in. The bed was eight yards from the floor.

dreamt - revé, reve, t+songe, t+voeu, t+souhait, t+vou

sorrows - chagrins, peine, chagrin

Some natural necessities required me to get down; I durst not presume to call; and if I had, it would have been in vain, with such a voice as mine, at so great a distance from the room where I lay to the kitchen where the family kept. While I was under these circumstances, two rats crept up the curtains, and ran smelling backwards and forwards on the bed.

crept - rampé, ramper, rampement, fatigue, fluage, reptation

curtains - rideaux, rideau

smelling - l'odeur, (smell), odeur, parfum, gout, odorat, sentir, humer

One of them came up almost to my face, whereupon I rose in a fright, and drew out my hanger to defend myself. These horrible animals had the boldness to attack me on both sides, and one of them held his fore-feet at my collar; but I had the good fortune to rip up his belly before he could do me any mischief.

hanger - pendentif, cintre

horrible - horrible, affreux, épouvantable

boldness - l'audace, audace

rip - déchirer, fissure

He fell down at my feet; and the other, seeing the fate of his comrade, made his escape, but not without one good wound on the back, which I gave him as he fled, and made the blood run trickling from him. After this exploit, I walked gently to and fro on the bed, to recover my breath and loss of spirits.

fate - le destin, destin, destinée, sort

wound - blessons, blessent, blessez, blessure, blesser

trickling - au compte-gouttes, (trickle), filet, dégoulinade

breath - respiration, souffle, haleine

spirits - les esprits, esprit, moral, élan

These creatures were of the size of a large mastiff, but infinitely more nimble and fierce; so that if I had taken off my belt before I went to sleep, I must have infallibly been torn to pieces and devoured.

infinitely - a l'infini

more nimble - plus agile

taken off - enlevé

belt - ceinture, courroie, région

torn - déchiré, larme

devoured - dévorée, dévorer

I measured the tail of the dead rat, and found it to be two yards long, wanting an inch; but it went against my stomach to drag the carcass off the bed, where it lay still bleeding; I observed it had yet some life, but with a strong slash across the neck, I thoroughly despatched it.

tail - queue

rat - rat

stomach - l'estomac, estomac, ventre, bedon (pot belly), digérer

drag - draguer, transbahuter, traîner

bleeding - des saignements, saignant, saignement

slash - slash, taillader

Soon after my mistress came into the room, who seeing me all bloody, ran and took me up in her hand. I pointed to the dead rat, smiling, and making other signs to show I was not hurt; whereat she was extremely rejoiced, calling the maid to take up the dead rat with a pair of tongs, and throw it out of the window.

smiling - souriant, (smile), sourire

throw - lancer, jetent, jetez, jetons, mise bas

Then she set me on a table, where I showed her my hanger all bloody, and wiping it on the lappet of my coat, returned it to the scabbard.

wiping - essuyant, (wipe) essuyant

I was pressed to do more than one thing which another could not do for me, and therefore endeavoured to make my mistress understand, that I desired to be set down on the floor; which after she had done, my bashfulness would not suffer me to express myself farther, than by pointing to the door, and bowing several times.

bowing - s'incliner, (bow) s'incliner

The good woman, with much difficulty, at last perceived what I would be at, and taking me up again in her hand, walked into the garden, where she set me down. I went on one side about two hundred yards, and beckoning to her not to look or to follow me, I hid myself between two leaves of sorrel, and there discharged the necessities of nature.

beckoning - l'appel, faire signe

hid - caché, (hide) caché

sorrel - l'oseille

I hope the gentle reader will excuse me for dwelling on these and the like particulars, which, however insignificant they may appear to groveling vulgar minds, yet will certainly help a philosopher to enlarge his thoughts and imagination, and apply them to the benefit of public as well as private life, which was my sole design in presenting this and other accounts of my travels to the world; wherein I have been chiefly studious of truth, without affecting any ornaments of learning or of style. But the whole scene of this voyage made so strong an impression on my mind, and is so deeply fixed in my memory, that, in committing it to paper I did not omit one material circumstance: however, upon a strict review, I blotted out several passages. Of less moment which were in my first copy, for fear of being censured as tedious and trifling, whereof travellers are often, perhaps not without justice, accused.

dwelling - logement, demeure, (dwell), résider, s'appesantir sur

insignificant - insignifiante

groveling - a tâtons, rampant, (grovel), s'abaisser, larbiner

minds - les esprits, esprit, t+raison, t+intelligence, mémoire

philosopher - philosophe

private life - la vie privée

accounts - comptes, compte

studious - studieux

affecting - affectant, affecter

committing - l'engagement, confier, commettre, remettre, consigner

omit - omettre

review - relecture, critique, compte rendu, révision, revue, réviser

blotted out - effacé

censured - censuré, décrier, fr

tedious - fastidieux, laborieux

trifling - insignifiant, futile, (trifle), bagatelle, broutille, babiole

travellers - voyageurs, voyageur, voyageuse

CHAPTER II.

A description of the farmer's daughter. The author carried to a market-town, and then to the metropolis. The particulars of his journey.

My mistress had a daughter of nine years old, a child of towardly parts for her age, very dexterous at her needle, and skilful in dressing her baby. Her mother and she contrived to fit up the baby's cradle for me against night: the cradle was put into a small drawer of a cabinet, and the drawer placed upon a hanging shelf for fear of the rats.

dexterous - dextre, adroit, habile

skilful - pu

cradle - berceau, bers, bercer

drawer - tiroir, souscripteur

hanging - suspension, (hang) suspension

shelf - étagere, rayon, étagere, tablard, rayonnage

This was my bed all the time I staid with those people, though made more convenient by degrees, as I began to learn their language and make my wants known. This young girl was so handy, that after I had once or twice pulled off my clothes before her, she was able to dress and undress me, though I never gave her that trouble when she would let me do either myself.

more convenient - plus pratique

handy - pratique, adhésif, maniable, opportun

undress - se déshabiller, déshabiller

She made me seven shirts, and some other linen, of as fine cloth as could be got, which indeed was coarser than sackcloth; and these she constantly washed for me with her own hands. She was likewise my school-mistress, to teach me the language: when I pointed to any thing, she told me the name of it in her own tongue, so that in a few days I was able to call for whatever I had a mind to.

sackcloth - le sac, toile a sac

She was very good-natured, and not above forty feet high, being little for her age. She gave me the name of Grildrig, which the family took up, and afterwards the whole kingdom. The word imports what the Latins call nanunculus, the Italians homunceletino, and the English mannikin.

good-natured - (good-natured) Bonne humeur

imports - importations, importer

nanunculus - nanunculus

Italians - les italiens, italien, italophone

mannikin - mannikin

To her I chiefly owe my preservation in that country: we never parted while I was there; I called her my Glumdalclitch, or little nurse; and should be guilty of great ingratitude, if I omitted this honourable mention of her care and affection towards me, which I heartily wish it lay in my power to requite as she deserves, instead of being the innocent, but unhappy instrument of her disgrace, as I have too much reason to fear.

preservation - préservation

wish - souhait, souhaiter, espérer

requite - requite, rendre la pareille, réciproquer

deserves - mérite, mériter

unhappy - malheureux, triste, mécontent

It now began to be known and talked of in the neighbourhood, that my master had found a strange animal in the field, about the bigness of a splacnuck, but exactly shaped in every part like a human creature; which it likewise imitated in all its actions; seemed to speak in a little language of its own, had already learned several words of theirs, went erect upon two legs, was tame and gentle, would come when it was called, do whatever it was bid, had the finest limbs in the world, and a complexion fairer than a nobleman's daughter of three years old. Another farmer, who lived hard by, and was a particular friend of my master, came on a visit on purpose to inquire into the truth of this story. I was immediately produced, and placed upon a table, where I walked as I was commanded, drew my hanger, put it up again, made my reverence to my master's guest, asked him in his own language how he did, and told him he was welcome, just as my little nurse had instructed me. This man, who was old and dim-sighted, put on his spectacles to behold me better; at which I could not forbear laughing very heartily, for his eyes appeared like the full moon shining into a chamber at two windows. Our people, who discovered the cause of my mirth, bore me company in laughing, at which the old fellow was fool enough to be angry and out of countenance. He had the character of a great miser; and, to my misfortune, he well deserved it, by the cursed advice he gave my master, to show me as a sight upon a market-day in the next town, which was half an hour's riding, about two-and-twenty miles from our house. I guessed there was some mischief when I observed my master and his friend whispering together, sometimes pointing at me; and my fears made me fancy that I overheard and understood some of their words. But the next morning Glumdalclitch, my little nurse, told me the whole matter, which she had cunningly picked out from her mother. The poor girl laid me on her bosom, and fell a weeping with shame and grief. She apprehended some mischief would happen to me from rude vulgar folks, who might squeeze me to death, or break one of my limbs by taking me in their hands. She had also observed how modest I was in my nature, how nicely I regarded my honour, and what an indignity I should conceive it, to be exposed for money as a public spectacle, to the meanest of the people. She said, her papa and mamma had promised that Grildrig should be hers; but now she found they meant to serve her as they did last year, when they pretended to give her a lamb, and yet, as soon as it was fat, sold it to a butcher. For my own part, I may truly affirm, that I was less concerned than my nurse. I had a strong hope, which never left me, that I should one day recover my liberty: and as to the ignominy of being carried about for a monster, I considered myself to be a perfect stranger in the country, and that such a misfortune could never be charged upon me as a reproach, if ever I should return to England, since the king of Great Britain himself, in my condition, must have undergone the same distress.

in the neighbourhood - dans le quartier

tame - apprivoisé, dresser

nobleman - noble

inquire - demander, enqueter

guest - invité, invitée, hôte, rench: invité(e) g

dim - dim, faible, vague

sighted - voyants, vue, quelque chose a voir, truc a voir, mire, viseur

full moon - la pleine lune

shining - brillant, briller, éclairer

mirth - l'humour, gaieté

bore - l'alésage, rencontrer, naquis, ennuyer, acabit, lasser

fellow - un camarade, ensemble, mâle

fool - idiot, dinde, fou, bouffon, mat, duper, tromper

miser - avare, crevard, grigou, grippe-sou

deserved - mérité, mériter

cursed - maudis, maudite, maudites, maudits, maudit, (curs) maudis

whispering - chuchotement, (whisper), chuchoter, susurrer

cunningly - astucieusement, ingénieusement, d'une maniere rusée

picked out - choisi

bosom - poitrine, sein, intime

weeping - pleurant, (weep) pleurant

rude - grossier, impoli, malpoli

folks - des gens, populaire, peuple

nicely - joliment, agréablement

regarded - considérée, considérer

exposed - exposée, exposer, dénoncer

spectacle - spectacle

papa - papa

mamma - mamma, maman

pretended - prétendu, prétendre, prétendre a, feindre, faire semblant

lamb - agneau, agnelle, mettre bas

butcher - boucher, charcutier, abattre, (butch), hommasse

ignominy - l'ignominie, ignominie

perfect stranger - un parfait inconnu

charged - chargé, frais-p, charge, chef d’accusation, chef d’inculpation

reproach - des reproches, reproche, opprobre, reprocher

Great Britain - La Grande-Bretagne

undergone - subi, subir

My master, pursuant to the advice of his friend, carried me in a box the next market-day to the neighbouring town, and took along with him his little daughter, my nurse, upon a pillion behind him. The box was close on every side, with a little door for me to go in and out, and a few gimlet holes to let in air.

little daughter - petite fille

pillion - siege passager

gimlet - vrille, gimlet, vriller

let in - laisser entrer

The girl had been so careful as to put the quilt of her baby's bed into it, for me to lie down on. However, I was terribly shaken and discomposed in this journey, though it was but of half an hour: for the horse went about forty feet at every step and trotted so high, that the agitation was equal to the rising and falling of a ship in a great storm, but much more frequent.

careful - prudent, soigneux, attentif

shaken - secoué, secouer, agiter

trotted - trotté, trotter

more frequent - plus fréquents

Our journey was somewhat farther than from London to St. Alban's.

My master alighted at an inn which he used to frequent; and after consulting awhile with the inn-keeper, and making some necessary preparations, he hired the grultrud, or crier, to give notice through the town of a strange creature to be seen at the sign of the Green Eagle, not so big as a splacnuck (an animal in that country very finely shaped, about six feet long,) and in every part of the body resembling a human creature, could speak several words, and perform a hundred diverting tricks.

Inn - l'auberge, auberge

keeper - gardien, gardienne, perle, conservateur, conservatrice

preparations - préparations, préparation, concoction

hired - embauché, louer

crier - crieur

give notice - donner un préavis

eagle - aigle, eagle, réussir un aigle

finely - finement

tricks - des astuces, tour, astuce, truc, rench: -neededr, pli

I was placed upon a table in the largest room of the inn, which might be near three hundred feet square. My little nurse stood on a low stool close to the table, to take care of me, and direct what I should do. My master, to avoid a crowd, would suffer only thirty people at a time to see me.

I walked about on the table as the girl commanded; she asked me questions, as far as she knew my understanding of the language reached, and I answered them as loud as I could. I turned about several times to the company, paid my humble respects, said they were welcome, and used some other speeches I had been taught.

reached - atteint, arriver/parvenir a

turned about - a changé de direction

speeches - discours, parole

I took up a thimble filled with liquor, which Glumdalclitch had given me for a cup, and drank their health, I drew out my hanger, and flourished with it after the manner of fencers in England. My nurse gave me a part of a straw, which I exercised as a pike, having learnt the art in my youth.

thimble - dé a coudre, dé, dé a coudre

fencers - escrimeurs, escrimeur, escrimeuse

I was that day shown to twelve sets of company, and as often forced to act over again the same fopperies, till I was half dead with weariness and vexation; for those who had seen me made such wonderful reports, that the people were ready to break down the doors to come in.

sets - des ensembles, Seth

act - acte, loi, action, agir, faire, jouer, se comporter, faire (1)

fopperies - les fours a bois, m'as-tu-vu

vexation - vexation, tracas, tracasserie, contrariété

My master, for his own interest, would not suffer any one to touch me except my nurse; and to prevent danger, benches were set round the table at such a distance as to put me out of every body's reach.

benches - des bancs, banc

put me out - me mettre dehors

However, an unlucky school-boy aimed a hazel nut directly at my head, which very narrowly missed me; otherwise it came with so much violence, that it would have infallibly knocked out my brains, for it was almost as large as a small pumpkin, but I had the satisfaction to see the young rogue well beaten, and turned out of the room.

unlucky - malchanceux, poissard

aimed - visé, viser, pointer

hazel - noisetier, avelinier, noisette

Nut - noix, écrou, maternel

knocked - frappé, coup, frapper

brains - cerveau, qualifierejorative or when used as food

pumpkin - citrouille, potiron

rogue - canaille, fripouille, coquin, voyou, garnement, vagabond

beaten - battu, battre

My master gave public notice that he would show me again the next market-day; and in the meantime he prepared a convenient vehicle for me, which he had reason enough to do; for I was so tired with my first journey, and with entertaining company for eight hours together, that I could hardly stand upon my legs, or speak a word.

meantime - entre-temps, pendant ce temps

It was at least three days before I recovered my strength; and that I might have no rest at home, all the neighbouring gentlemen from a hundred miles round, hearing of my fame, came to see me at my master's own house.

fame - la notoriété, gloire, célébrité

There could not be fewer than thirty persons with their wives and children (for the country is very populous;) and my master demanded the rate of a full room whenever he showed me at home, although it were only to a single family; so that for some time I had but little ease every day of the week (except Wednesday, which is their Sabbath,) although I were not carried to the town.

Sabbath - le sabbat, sabbat, shabbat, chabbat, dimanche, esba

My master, finding how profitable I was likely to be, resolved to carry me to the most considerable cities of the kingdom.

profitable - profitable, fructueux, lucratif, rentable

most considerable - le plus considérable

Having therefore provided himself with all things necessary for a long journey, and settled his affairs at home, He took leave of his wife, and upon the 17th of August, 1703, about two months after my arrival, we set out for the metropolis, situate near the middle of that empire, and about three thousand miles distance from our house. My master made his daughter Glumdalclitch ride behind him.

settled - réglée, (s')installer

He took leave - Il a pris congé

situate - situer

She carried me on her lap, in a box tied about her waist. The girl had lined it on all sides with the softest cloth she could get, well quilted underneath, furnished it with her baby's bed, provided me with linen and other necessaries, and made everything as convenient as she could. We had no other company but a boy of the house, who rode after us with the luggage.

softest - le plus doux, mou

quilted - matelassé, édredon, couette, courtepointe, matelasser, ouater

underneath - dessous, en dessous, du dessous, d'en dessous

furnished - meublé, meubler, fournir, livrer

luggage - bagages, bagage

My master's design was to show me in all the towns by the way, and to step out of the road for fifty or a hundred miles, to any village, or person of quality's house, where he might expect custom. We made easy journeys, of not above seven or eight score miles a-day; for Glumdalclitch, on purpose to Spare me, complained she was tired with the trotting of the horse.

step out - sortir

score - nombre de point oints, score, note, vingtaine

Spare me - M'épargner

complained - s'est plaint, se plaindre, porter plainte

trotting - au trot, (trot) au trot

She often took me out of my box, at my own desire, to give me air, and show me the country, but always held me fast by a leading-string. We passed over five or six rivers, many degrees broader and deeper than the Nile or the Ganges: and there was hardly a rivulet so small as the Thames at London-bridge.

leading - dirigeante, (lead) dirigeante

passed over - Passé par-dessus

broader - plus large, large

Nile - le nil, Nil

Ganges - le gange, Gange

rivulet - rivulet, ruisselet, ru, rivelet

Thames - la tamise, Tamise

We were ten weeks in our journey, and I was shown in eighteen large towns, besides many villages, and private families.

On the 26th day of October we arrived at the metropolis, called in their language Lorbrulgrud, or Pride of the Universe. My master took a lodging in the principal street of the city, not far from the royal palace, and put out bills in the usual form, containing an exact description of my person and parts. He hired a large room between three and four hundred feet wide.

pride - l'orgueil, orgueil, fierté

He provided a table sixty feet in diameter, upon which I was to act my part, and pallisadoed it round three feet from the edge, and as many high, to prevent my falling over. I was shown ten times a-day, to the wonder and satisfaction of all people. I could now speak the language tolerably well, and perfectly understood every word, that was spoken to me.

pallisadoed - pallisadoed

tolerably - de maniere tolérable

Besides, I had learnt their alphabet, and could make a shift to explain a sentence here and there; for Glumdalclitch had been my instructor while we were at home, and at leisure hours during our journey.

alphabet - alphabet

instructor - instructeur, instructrice

She carried a little book in her pocket, not much larger than a Sanson's Atlas; it was a common treatise for the use of young girls, giving a short account of their religion: out of this she taught me my letters, and interpreted the words.

atlas - atlas

CHAPTER III.

The author sent for to court. The queen buys him of his master the farmer, and presents him to the king. He disputes with his majesty's great scholars. An apartment at court provided for the author. He is in high favour with the queen. He stands up for the honour of his own country. His quarrels with the queen's dwarf.

disputes - litiges, dispute, litige, discuter, argumenter

stands up for - défendre

quarrels - querelles, dispute

dwarf - nain, naine

The frequent labours I underwent every day, made, in a few weeks, a very considerable change in my health: the more my master got by me, the more insatiable he grew. I had quite lost my stomach, and was almost reduced to a skeleton. The farmer observed it, and concluding I must soon die, resolved to make as good a hand of me as he could.

labours - travaux, effort, travail, labeur, besogne, travailleurs-p

more insatiable - plus insatiable

concluding - en conclusion, conclure

While he was thus reasoning and resolving with himself, a sardral, or gentleman-usher, came from court, commanding my master to carry me immediately thither for the diversion of the queen and her ladies. Some of the latter had already been to see me, and reported strange things of my beauty, behaviour, and good sense.

usher - usher, ouvreur, escorte, garçon d'honneur, huissier, escorter

Her majesty, and those who attended her, were beyond measure delighted with my demeanour. I fell on my knees, and begged the honour of kissing her imperial foot; but this gracious princess held out her little finger towards me, after I was set on the table, which I embraced in both my arms, and put the tip of it with the utmost respect to my lip.

demeanour - comportement

kissing - s'embrasser, (s')embrasser

princess - princesse

embraced - embrassée, étreindre, embrasser, accolade

She made me some general questions about my country and my travels, which I answered as distinctly, and in as few words as I could. She asked, "whether I could be content to live at court?" I bowed down to the board of the table, and humbly answered "that I was my master's slave: but, if I were at my own disposal, I should be proud to devote my life to her majesty's service.

bowed - incliné, (s')incliner devant, saluer d'un signe de tete

slave - esclave, serf, serve

proud - fiers, fier, orgueilleux

devote - dévote, consacrer, vouer

" She then asked my master, "whether he was willing to sell me at a good price?

" He, who apprehended I could not live a month, was ready enough to part with me, and demanded a thousand pieces of gold, which were ordered him on the spot, each piece being about the bigness of eight hundred moidores; but allowing for the proportion of all things between that country and Europe, and the high price of gold among them, was hardly so great a sum as a thousand guineas would be in England. I then said to the queen, "since I was now her majesty's most humble creature and vassal, I must beg the favour, that Glumdalclitch, who had always tended me with so much care and kindness, and understood to do it so well, might be admitted into her service, and continue to be my nurse and instructor."

allowing - permettant, laisser, accorder, permettre

guineas - guinées, Guinée

vassal - vassal, vassaliser

beg - mendier, implorer, prier

tended - tendu, garder

Her majesty agreed to my petition, and easily got the farmer's consent, who was glad enough to have his daughter preferred at court, and the poor girl herself was not able to hide her joy. My late master withdrew, bidding me farewell, and saying he had left me in a good service; to which I replied not a word, only making him a slight bow.

bidding - impératifs, (bid) impératifs

Farewell - adieu, prendre congé, dire adieu, faire ses adieux

Slight - insignifiant, léger

The queen observed my coldness; and, when the farmer was gone out of the apartment, asked me the reason.

coldness - froideur, froid

gone out - sorti

I made bold to tell her majesty, "that I owed no other obligation to my late master, than his not dashing out the brains of a poor harmless creature, found by chance in his fields: which obligation was amply recompensed, by the gain he had made in showing me through half the kingdom, and the price he had now sold me for.

dashing - fringant, tiret, trait, ta, sprint, soupçon, se précipiter

harmless - inoffensif

by chance - par hasard

amply - amplement

gain - gain, gagner, produit

That the life I had since led was laborious enough to kill an animal of ten times my strength. That my health was much impaired, by the continual drudgery of entertaining the rabble every hour of the day; and that, if my master had not thought my life in danger, her majesty would not have got so cheap a bargain.

impaired - altérée, détériorer, abîmer, affaiblir, affecter, altérer

drudgery - la pénibilité, corvée

bargain - marché, accord, affaire, bonne affaire, marchander

But as I was out of all fear of being ill-treated under the protection of so great and good an empress, the ornament of nature, the darling of the world, the delight of her subjects, the phoenix of the creation, so I hoped my late master's apprehensions would appear to be groundless; for I already found my spirits revive, by the influence of her most august presence."

ornament - ornement, ornement musical

darling - chéri, chérie

phoenix - phénix

creation - création

groundless - sans fondement, infondé

influence - influence, influencer, influer

This was the sum of my speech, delivered with great improprieties and hesitation. The latter part was altogether framed in the style peculiar to that people, whereof I learned some phrases from Glumdalclitch, while she was carrying me to court.

hesitation - hésitation

framed - encadré, encadrer, cadre, armature, ossature

The queen, giving great allowance for my defectiveness in speaking, was, however, surprised at so much wit and good sense in so diminutive an animal. She took me in her own hand, and carried me to the king, who was then retired to his cabinet.

defectiveness - la défectuosité

His majesty, a prince of much gravity and austere countenance, not well observing my shape at first view, asked the queen after a cold manner "how long it was since she grew fond of a splacnuck?" for such it seems he took me to be, as I lay upon my breast in her majesty's right hand.

gravity - la gravité, gravité, pesanteur

austere - austere, austere

fond - fond, tendre, amoureux

But this princess, who has an infinite deal of wit and humour, set me gently on my feet upon the scrutoire, and commanded me to give his majesty an account of myself, which I did in a very few words: and Glumdalclitch who attended at the cabinet door, and could not endure I should be out of her sight, being admitted, confirmed all that had passed from my arrival at her father's house.

deal - accord, dispenser, distribuer

humour - l'humour, humour, humeur, disposition, amadouer

scrutoire - scrutoire

endure - endurer, perdurer, supporter

The king, although he be as learned a person as any in his dominions, had been educated in the study of philosophy, and particularly mathematics; yet when he observed my shape exactly, and saw me walk erect, before I began to speak, conceived I might be a piece of clock-work (which is in that country arrived to a very great perfection) contrived by some ingenious artist.

Philosophy - philosophie

But when he heard my voice, and found what I delivered to be regular and rational, he could not conceal his astonishment. He was by no means satisfied with the relation I gave him of the manner I came into his kingdom, but thought it a story concerted between Glumdalclitch and her father, who had taught me a set of words to make me sell at a better price.

conceal - dissimuler, cacher

Upon this imagination, he put several other questions to me, and still received rational answers: no otherwise defective than by a foreign accent, and an imperfect knowledge in the language, with some rustic phrases which I had learned at the farmer's house, and did not suit the polite style of a court.

defective - défectueux, défectif

foreign - étrangers, étranger, étrangere

polite - polie, poli

His majesty sent for three great scholars, who were then in their weekly waiting, according to the custom in that country. These gentlemen, after they had a while examined my shape with much nicety, were of different opinions concerning me.

weekly - hebdomadaire, hebdomadairement, chaque semaine

examined - examinés, examiner

nicety - nicety, délicatesse, subtilité

They all agreed that I could not be produced according to the regular laws of nature, because I was not framed with a capacity of preserving my life, either by swiftness, or climbing of trees, or digging holes in the earth.

capacity - capacité

swiftness - rapidité

digging - creusant, (dig) creusant

They observed by my teeth, which they viewed with great exactness, that I was a carnivorous animal; yet most quadrupeds being an overmatch for me, and field mice, with some others, too nimble, they could not imagine how I should be able to support myself, unless I fed upon snails and other insects, which they offered, by many learned arguments, to evince that I could not possibly do.

carnivorous - carnivore

quadrupeds - quadrupedes, quadrupede, tétrapode

overmatch - surcompatibilité

nimble - agile, fulgurant, preste, leste, vif

Unless - a moins que, a moins que, sauf si

snails - escargots, escargot, limaçon

Insects - insectes, insecte

evince - evince, montrer, prouver

One of these virtuosi seemed to think that I might be an embryo, or abortive birth. But this opinion was rejected by the other two, who observed my limbs to be perfect and finished; and that I had lived several years, as it was manifest from my beard, the stumps whereof they plainly discovered through a magnifying glass.

virtuosi - virtuoses

embryo - embryon

abortive - avortée

magnifying - grossissant, agrandir

They would not allow me to be a dwarf, because my littleness was beyond all degrees of comparison; for the queen's favourite dwarf, the smallest ever known in that kingdom, was near thirty feet high.

littleness - babiole

comparison - comparaison, degré

After much debate, they concluded unanimously, that I was only relplum scalcath, which is interpreted literally lusus naturć; a determination exactly agreeable to the modern philosophy of Europe, whose professors, disdaining the old evasion of occult causes, whereby the followers of Aristotle endeavoured in vain to disguise their ignorance, have invented this wonderful solution of all difficulties, to the unspeakable advancement of human knowledge.

unanimously - a l'unanimité

literally - littéralement

lusus - lusus

naturć - natura

determination - détermination

disdaining - dédaigner, dédain, mépris, mépriser

evasion - évasion, esquive

occult - occulter, occulte, occultisme

causes - causes, cause, raison, causer

followers - des adeptes, disciple, follower, poursuivant, fr

Aristotle - aristote

disguise - déguisement, déguiser

invented - inventé, inventer

solution - solution

unspeakable - innommable

advancement - l'avancement, progres, avancement d'hoirie

After this decisive conclusion, I entreated to be heard a word or two.

decisive - décisif

conclusion - conclusion, fin

I applied myself to the king, and assured his majesty, "that I came from a country which abounded with several millions of both sexes, and of my own stature; where the animals, trees, and houses, were all in proportion, and where, by consequence, I might be as able to defend myself, and to find sustenance, as any of his majesty's subjects could do here; which I took for a full answer to those gentlemen's arguments." To this they only replied with a smile of contempt, saying, "that the farmer had instructed me very well in my lesson." The king, who had a much better understanding, dismissing his learned men, sent for the farmer, who by good fortune was not yet gone out of town. Having therefore first examined him privately, and then confronted him with me and the young girl, his majesty began to think that what we told him might possibly be true. He desired the queen to order that a particular care should be taken of me; and was of opinion that Glumdalclitch should still continue in her office of tending me, because he observed we had a great affection for each other. A convenient apartment was provided for her at court: she had a sort of governess appointed to take care of her education, a maid to dress her, and two other servants for menial offices; but the care of me was wholly appropriated to herself. The queen commanded her own cabinet-maker to contrive a box, that might serve me for a bedchamber, after the model that Glumdalclitch and I should agree upon. This man was a most ingenious artist, and according to my direction, in three weeks finished for me a wooden chamber of sixteen feet square, and twelve high, with sash-windows, a door, and two closets, like a London bed-chamber. The board, that made the ceiling, was to be lifted up and down by two hinges, to put in a bed ready furnished by her majesty's upholsterer, which Glumdalclitch took out every day to air, made it with her own hands, and letting it down at night, locked up the roof over me. A nice workman, who was famous for little curiosities, undertook to make me two chairs, with backs and frames, of a substance not unlike ivory, and two tables, with a cabinet to put my things in. The room was quilted on all sides, as well as the floor and the ceiling, to prevent any accident from the carelessness of those who carried me, and to break the force of a jolt, when I went in a coach. I desired a lock for my door, to prevent rats and mice from coming in. The smith, after several attempts, made the smallest that ever was seen among them, for I have known a larger at the gate of a gentleman's house in England. I made a shift to keep the key in a pocket of my own, fearing Glumdalclitch might lose it. The queen likewise ordered the thinnest silks that could be gotten, to make me clothes, not much thicker than an English blanket, very cumbersome till I was accustomed to them. They were after the fashion of the kingdom, partly resembling the Persian, and partly the Chinese, and are a very grave and decent habit.

abounded - ont abondé, foisonner, abonder

confronted - confronté, confronter

tending - de l'entretien, garder

governess - gouvernante, gouverneuse

Maker - le fabricant, faiseur, fabricant, créateur

contrive - de l'argent, combiner, inventer

agree upon - Sentendre sur

wooden - en bois, boisé, raide

sash - ceinture, écharpe

closets - placards, placard

ceiling - plafond, (ceil) plafond

upholsterer - tapissier, tapissier garnisseur

workman - ouvrier

curiosities - curiosités, curiosité

undertook - a entrepris, entreprendre

frames - cadres, encadrer, cadre, armature, ossature

unlike - contrairement a, différent

ivory - ivoire

jolt - ballotter, cahoter, secouer, soubresaut, secousse

lock - serrure, clôturer, cerrure, arret, obturer, pene

attempts - tentatives, tenter, essayer, tentative, attentat

fearing - craindre, peur

silks - des soies, soie

gotten - obtenu

blanket - couverture, général, recouvrir

cumbersome - encombrant

accustomed - habitué, accoutumer

partly - en partie

Persian - Persan

The queen became so fond of my company, that she could not dine without me. I had a table placed upon the same at which her majesty ate, just at her left elbow, and a chair to sit on. Glumdalclitch stood on a stool on the floor near my table, to assist and take care of me.

dine - dîner

elbow - coude, coup de coude, jouer des coudes

I had an entire set of silver dishes and plates, and other necessaries, which, in proportion to those of the queen, were not much bigger than what I have seen in a London toy-shop for the furniture of a baby-house: these my little nurse kept in her pocket in a silver box, and gave me at meals as I wanted them, always cleaning them herself.

entire - entiere, entier, entiere

plates - plaques, assiette

toy-shop - (toy-shop) magasin de jouets

No person dined with the queen but the two princesses royal, the eldest sixteen years old, and the younger at that time thirteen and a month.

dined - dîné, vacarme

princesses - princesses, princesse

Her majesty used to put a bit of meat upon one of my dishes, out of which I carved for myself, and her diversion was to see me eat in miniature: for the queen (who had indeed but a weak stomach) took up, at one mouthful, as much as a dozen English farmers could eat at a meal, which to me was for some time a very nauseous sight.

eat in - Manger sur place

miniature - miniature, enluminure, figurine

She would craunch the wing of a lark, bones and all, between her teeth, although it were nine times as large as that of a full-grown turkey; and put a bit of bread into her mouth as big as two twelve-penny loaves. She drank out of a golden cup, above a hogshead at a draught. Her knives were twice as long as a scythe, set straight upon the handle.

craunch - craunch

Wing - aile, ailier, improviser

turkey - la dinde, dinde, dindon, viande de dinde

penny - penny

knives - couteaux, couteau

scythe - faux, faucher

handle - poignée, crosse, manions, traiter, manient, maniez

The spoons, forks, and other instruments, were all in the same proportion. I remember when Glumdalclitch carried me, out of curiosity, to see some of the tables at court, where ten or a dozen of those enormous knives and forks were lifted up together, I thought I had never till then beheld so terrible a sight.

spoons - cuilleres, cuillere

forks - fourches, fourchette, fourche

instruments - des instruments, instrument, acte

till then - jusqu'a ce moment-la

It is the custom, that every Wednesday (which, as I have observed, is their Sabbath) the king and queen, with the royal issue of both sexes, dine together in the apartment of his majesty, to whom I was now become a great favourite; and at these times, my little chair and table were placed at his left hand, before one of the salt-cellars.

cellars - caves, cave

This prince took a pleasure in conversing with me, inquiring into the manners, religion, laws, government, and learning of Europe; wherein I gave him the best account I was able. His apprehension was so clear, and his judgment so exact, that he made very wise reflections and observations upon all I said.

pleasure - plaisir, volupté, désir

wise - sage, sensé, genre, raisonnable

observations - observations, observation, remarque

But I confess, that, after I had been a little too copious in talking of my own beloved country, of our trade and wars by sea and land, of our schisms in religion, and parties in the state; the prejudices of his education prevailed so far, that he could not forbear taking me up in his right hand, and stroking me gently with the other, after a hearty fit of laughing, asked me, "whether I was a whig or tory?" Then turning to his first minister, who waited behind him with a white staff, near as tall as the mainmast of the Royal Sovereign, he observed "how contemptible a thing was human grandeur, which could be mimicked by such diminutive insects as I: and yet," says he, "I dare engage these creatures have their titles and distinctions of honour; they contrive little nests and burrows, that they call houses and cities; they make a figure in dress and equipage; they love, they fight, they dispute, they cheat, they betray!" And thus he continued on, while my colour came and went several times, with indignation, to hear our noble country, the mistress of arts and arms, the scourge of France, the arbitress of Europe, the seat of virtue, piety, honour, and truth, the pride and envy of the world, so contemptuously treated.

schisms - schismes, schisme

prejudices - préjugés, préjugé, idée préconçue, préjudice

hearty - cordial, copieux

Tory - Tory

mainmast - le grand mât, grand mât

sovereign - souveraine, souverain

contemptible - méprisable

dare - oser, aventurer

engage - s'engager, attirer l'attention, engager, embrayer

distinctions - distinctions, distinction, différence

nests - nids, nid

burrows - des terriers, terrier, clapier

equipage - l'équipement, bagages, fourgons, train des équipages

fight - combattre, combattons, rixe, combattez, combattent

cheat - tricher, frauder

betray - trahir, livrer

indignation - l'indignation, indignation

scourge - fléau, écourgée, fouet, fouetter

France - la france, France

arbitress - arbitre

piety - la piété, piété

envy - l'envie, envie, jalousie, convoitise, envier

contemptuously - avec mépris

But as I was not in a condition to resent injuries, so upon mature thoughts I began to doubt whether I was injured or no.

injuries - blessures, blessure

mature - mature, pruine, mur

injured - blessé, blesser

For, after having been accustomed several months to the sight and converse of this people, and observed every object upon which I cast mine eyes to be of proportionable magnitude, the horror I had at first conceived from their bulk and aspect was so far worn off, that if I had then beheld a company of English lords and ladies in their finery and birth-day clothes, acting their several parts in the most courtly manner of strutting, and bowing, and prating, to say the truth, I should have been strongly tempted to laugh as much at them as the king and his grandees did at me. Neither, indeed, could I forbear smiling at myself, when the queen used to place me upon her hand towards a looking-glass, by which both our persons appeared before me in full view together; and there could be nothing more ridiculous than the comparison; so that I really began to imagine myself dwindled many degrees below my usual size.

magnitude - ampleur, grandeur, module, magnitude

aspect - aspect, rench: t-needed r

finery - parure

acting - en tant qu'acteur, intérimaire, par intérim, (act), acte, loi

courtly - courtois

strutting - se pavaner, (strut) se pavaner

prating - prating, (prat) prating

dwindled - a diminué, diminuer, fondre, s'amenuiser, se tarir

Nothing angered and mortified me so much as the queen's dwarf; who being of the lowest stature that was ever in that country (for I verily think he was not full thirty feet high), became so insolent at seeing a creature so much beneath him, that he would always affect to swagger and look big as he passed by me in the queen's antechamber, while I was standing on some table talking with the lords or ladies of the court, and he seldom failed of a smart word or two upon my littleness; against which I could only revenge myself by calling him brother, challenging him to wrestle, and such repartees as are usually in the mouths of court pages. One day, at dinner, this malicious little cub was so nettled with something I had said to him, that, raising himself upon the frame of her majesty's chair, he took me up by the middle, as I was sitting down, not thinking any harm, and let me drop into a large silver bowl of cream, and then ran away as fast as he could. I fell over head and ears, and, if I had not been a good swimmer, it might have gone very hard with me; for Glumdalclitch in that instant happened to be at the other end of the room, and the queen was in such a fright, that she wanted presence of mind to assist me. But my little nurse ran to my relief, and took me out, after I had swallowed above a quart of cream. I was put to bed: however, I received no other damage than the loss of a suit of clothes, which was utterly spoiled. The dwarf was soundly whipt, and as a farther punishment, forced to drink up the bowl of cream into which he had thrown me: neither was he ever restored to favour; for soon after the queen bestowed him on a lady of high quality, so that I saw him no more, to my very great satisfaction; for I could not tell to what extremities such a malicious urchin might have carried his resentment.

angered - en colere, colere, ire, courroux, rage, fureur

mortified - mortifié, mortifier, macérer, tuer

lowest - le plus bas, bas

verily - en vérité, vraiment, véritablement, sans aucun doute

insolent - insolent

beneath - dessous

swagger - swagger, se pavaner

antechamber - antichambre

failed - a échoué, échouer (a)

challenging - stimulant, défi, chalenge, défier

wrestle - lutter

repartees - des réparties, repartie

malicious - malveillante

cub - cub, petit (d'un animal)

nettled - nettoyée, ortie, piquer, irriter, vexer

harm - le mal, mal, tort, dommage, nuire a, faire du mal a

bowl - bol, globuleux, bassine, cuvette, jatte

swimmer - nageur, nageuse

relief - secours, allégement, relief, soulagement

swallowed - avalé, avaler

quart - quart, pinte

soundly - fortement, solidement

whipt - whipt

drink up - boire

restored - restaurée, restaurer, rétablir, rendre, restituer

bestowed - accordé, disposer de, accorder, remettre, conférer

He had before served me a scurvy trick, which set the queen a-laughing, although at the same time she was heartily vexed, and would have immediately cashiered him, if I had not been so generous as to intercede.

scurvy - le scorbut, scorbut

trick - tour, astuce, truc, rench: t-needed r, pli, levée, quart, duper

vexed - contrarié, ennuyer, énerver, vexer 'informal', tourmenter, vexer

cashiered - encaissé, caissier/-iere

Her majesty had taken a marrow-bone upon her plate, and, after knocking out the marrow, placed the bone again in the dish erect, as it stood before; the dwarf, watching his opportunity, while Glumdalclitch was gone to the side-board, mounted the stool that she stood on to take care of me at meals, took me up in both hands, and squeezing my legs together, wedged them into the marrow bone above my waist, where I stuck for some time, and made a very ridiculous figure. I believe it was near a minute before any one knew what was become of me; for I thought it below me to cry out. But, as princes seldom get their meat hot, my legs were not scalded, only my stockings and breeches in a sad condition. The dwarf, at my entreaty, had no other punishment than a sound whipping.

marrow - moelle

bone - os

squeezing - presser, (squeeze), comprimer, tasser, serrer

wedged - coincé, coin, cale

cry - pleurer, crier, hurler, gueuler, pleur, cri

scalded - ébouillantée, ébouillanter

entreaty - demande, supplication

I was frequently rallied by the queen upon account of my fearfulness; and she used to ask me whether the people of my country were as great cowards as myself?

rallied - rallié, (se) rallier

fearfulness - la peur

The occasion was this: the kingdom is much pestered with flies in summer; and these odious insects, each of them as big as a Dunstable lark, hardly gave me any rest while I sat at dinner, with their continual humming and buzzing about mine ears.

odious - odieux

humming - fredonner, (hum), bourdonner, fourmiller

buzzing - bourdonnement, vrombissement, (buzz), coup de fil, bourdonner

They would sometimes alight upon my victuals, and leave their loathsome excrement, or spawn behind, which to me was very visible, though not to the natives of that country, whose large optics were not so acute as mine, in viewing smaller objects.

alight - s'enflammer, amerrissent, amerris, amerrissons, amerrissez

loathsome - détestable, odieux, dégoutant

excrement - des excréments, éjection, excrément

spawn - l'enracinement, oeufs

visible - visible

acute - aigu, aiguë

Sometimes they would fix upon my nose, or forehead, where they stung me to the quick, smelling very offensively; and I could easily trace that viscous matter, which, our naturalists tell us, enables those creatures to walk with their feet upwards upon a ceiling. I had much ado to defend myself against these detestable animals, and could not forbear starting when they came on my face.

forehead - front

stung - piqué, piquant, dard

offensively - sur le plan offensif

trace - trace, projection horizontale, décalquer

viscous - visqueux

naturalists - naturalistes, naturaliste

enables - permet, autoriser, permettre, activer

ado - ado, cérémonies, manieres, bruit, histoire

It was the common practice of the dwarf, to catch a number of these insects in his hand, as schoolboys do among us, and let them out suddenly under my nose, on purpose to frighten me, and divert the queen. My remedy was to cut them in pieces with my knife, as they flew in the air, wherein my dexterity was much admired.

catch - attraper, prise, touche, loquet, loqueteau, verrou, hic

schoolboys - des écoliers, éleve, écolier

frighten - effrayer, redouter, terrifier

admired - admiré, admirer

I remember, one morning, when Glumdalclitch had set me in a box upon a window, as she usually did in fair days to give me air (for I durst not venture to let the box be hung on a nail out of the window, as we do with cages in England), after I had lifted up one of my sashes, and sat down at my table to eat a piece of sweet cake for my breakfast, above twenty wasps, allured by the smell, came flying into the room, humming louder than the drones of as many bagpipes. Some of them seized my cake, and carried it piecemeal away; others flew about my head and face, confounding me with the noise, and putting me in the utmost terror of their stings. However, I had the courage to rise and draw my hanger, and attack them in the air. I dispatched four of them, but the rest got away, and I presently shut my window. These insects were as large as partridges: I took out their stings, found them an inch and a half long, and as sharp as needles. I carefully preserved them all; and having since shown them, with some other curiosities, in several parts of Europe, upon my return to England I gave three of them to Gresham College, and kept the fourth for myself.

cages - cages, cage, encager

sashes - des écharpes, ceinture (d'étoffe), écharpe

sweet - doux, doucement, friandise, bonbon, sucreries

wasps - des guepes, guepe

allured - séduit, charme

drones - drones, faux-bourdon

piecemeal - au coup par coup

stings - piqures, piquant, dard

got away - s'échapper

Partridges - perdrix, qualifierale

CHAPTER IV.

The country described. A proposal for correcting modern maps. The king's palace; and some account of the metropolis. The author's way of travelling. The chief temple described.

I now intend to give the reader a short description of this country, as far as I travelled in it, which was not above two thousand miles round Lorbrulgrud, the metropolis. For the queen, whom I always attended, never went farther when she accompanied the king in his progresses, and there staid till his majesty returned from viewing his frontiers.

accompanied - accompagné, accompagner

progresses - progresse, progres

frontiers - frontieres, frontiere

The whole extent of this prince's dominions reaches about six thousand miles in length, and from three to five in breadth: whence I cannot but conclude, that our geographers of Europe are in a great error, by supposing nothing but sea between Japan and California; for it was ever my opinion, that there must be a balance of earth to counterpoise the great continent of Tartary; and therefore they ought to correct their maps and charts, by joining this vast tract of land to the north-west parts of America, wherein I shall be ready to lend them my assistance.

Reaches - atteintes, arriver/parvenir a

Geographers - géographes, géographe

error - erreur, vice, etre en erreur, planter

California - californie

counterpoise - contrepoids

tract - tract, étendue

The kingdom is a peninsula, terminated to the north-east by a ridge of mountains thirty miles high, which are altogether impassable, by reason of the volcanoes upon the tops: neither do the most learned know what sort of mortals inhabit beyond those mountains, or whether they be inhabited at all. On the three other sides, it is bounded by the ocean.

Peninsula - la péninsule, péninsule, presqu'île

terminated - résilié, terminer

impassable - impraticable

volcanoes - volcans, volcan

inhabit - habiter

There is not one seaport in the whole kingdom: and those parts of the coasts into which the rivers issue, are so full of pointed rocks, and the sea generally so rough, that there is no venturing with the smallest of their boats; so that these people are wholly excluded from any commerce with the rest of the world.

coasts - côtes, côte

venturing - s'aventurer, (venture), risquer, oser

excluded - exclus, exclure

But the large rivers are full of vessels, and abound with excellent fish; for they seldom get any from the sea, because the sea fish are of the same size with those in Europe, and consequently not worth catching; whereby it is manifest, that nature, in the production of plants and animals of so extraordinary a bulk, is wholly confined to this continent, of which I leave the reasons to be determined by philosophers. However, now and then they take a whale that happens to be dashed against the rocks, which the common people feed on heartily. These whales I have known so large, that a man could hardly carry one upon his shoulders; and sometimes, for curiosity, they are brought in hampers to Lorbrulgrud; I saw one of them in a dish at the king's table, which passed for a rarity, but I did not observe he was fond of it; for I think, indeed, the bigness disgusted him, although I have seen one somewhat larger in Greenland.

abound - abondent, foisonner, abonder

worth - valeur

catching - de capture, attrapant, (catch), prise, touche, loquet

production - production

confined - confiné, confiner, limite

be determined - etre déterminé

dashed - en pointillés, tiret, trait, ta, sprint, soupçon, se précipiter

Whales - baleines, (whale) baleines

hampers - des paniers, entraver

rarity - rareté

Greenland - le groenland, Groenland

The country is well inhabited, for it contains fifty-one cities, near a hundred walled towns, and a great number of villages. To satisfy my curious reader, it may be sufficient to describe Lorbrulgrud. This city stands upon almost two equal parts, on each side the river that passes through. It contains above eighty thousand houses, and about six hundred thousand inhabitants.

contains - contient, contenir

satisfy - satisfaire

passes - passe, passer (devant), dépasser

It is in length three glomglungs (which make about fifty-four English miles,) and two and a half in breadth; as I measured it myself in the royal map made by the king's order, which was laid on the ground on purpose for me, and extended a hundred feet: I paced the diameter and circumference several times barefoot, and, computing by the scale, measured it pretty exactly.

glomglungs - glomglungs

laid on - posée

paced - rythmée, pas

barefoot - pieds nus

computing - utilisation d'un ordinateur, informatique, (compute), computer

scale - échelle, escaladez, escalader, escaladent, gravir, bareme

The king's palace is no regular edifice, but a heap of buildings, about seven miles round: the chief rooms are generally two hundred and forty feet high, and broad and long in proportion.

A coach was allowed to Glumdalclitch and me, wherein her governess frequently took her out to see the town, or go among the shops; and I was always of the party, carried in my box; although the girl, at my own desire, would often take me out, and hold me in her hand, that I might more conveniently view the houses and the people, as we passed along the streets.

I reckoned our coach to be about a square of Westminster-hall, but not altogether so high: however, I cannot be very exact. One day the governess ordered our coachman to stop at several shops, where the beggars, watching their opportunity, crowded to the sides of the coach, and gave me the most horrible spectacle that ever a European eye beheld.

hall - couloir, corridor, salle, salon, manoir, foyer

coachman - cocher

beggars - mendiants, gueux, mendiant, mendiante, queteux

most horrible - le plus horrible

There was a woman with a cancer in her breast, swelled to a monstrous size, full of holes, in two or three of which I could have easily crept, and covered my whole body. There was a fellow with a wen in his neck, larger than five wool-packs; and another, with a couple of wooden legs, each about twenty feet high. But the most hateful sight of all, was the lice crawling on their clothes.

Cancer - le cancer, cancer

swelled - gonflé, enfler, gonfler

Wool - laine

packs - paquets, paquet, sac

couple - couple, paire, époux, quelques, deux ou trois., coupler

lice - des poux

crawling - a quatre pattes, (crawl) a quatre pattes

I could see distinctly the limbs of these vermin with my naked eye, much better than those of a European louse through a microscope, and their snouts with which they rooted like swine.

vermin - la vermine, vermine

louse - poux, pou, salaud, salaude, salop, salope

microscope - microscope

snouts - museaux, museau, groin, indic

swine - porcs, porc, vermine, an

They were the first I had ever beheld, and I should have been curious enough to dissect one of them, if I had had proper instruments, which I unluckily left behind me in the ship, although, indeed, the sight was so nauseous, that it perfectly turned my stomach.

dissect - disséquer

unluckily - par malchance, malheuresement

Besides the large box in which I was usually carried, the queen ordered a smaller one to be made for me, of about twelve feet square, and ten high, for the convenience of travelling; because the other was somewhat too large for Glumdalclitch's lap, and cumbersome in the coach; it was made by the same artist, whom I directed in the whole contrivance.

This travelling-closet was an exact square, with a window in the middle of three of the squares, and each window was latticed with iron wire on the outside, to prevent accidents in long journeys.

closet - placard

squares - carrés, carré, équerre, place, case, carreau

latticed - en treillis, treillis, quadrillage, grille, lattis, réseau

wire - fil de fer, fil

On the fourth side, which had no window, two strong staples were fixed, through which the person that carried me, when I had a mind to be on horseback, put a leathern belt, and buckled it about his waist.

staples - agrafes, produit/article de base

horseback - a cheval, a cheval

buckled - bouclé, boucle

This was always the office of some grave trusty servant, in whom I could confide, whether I attended the king and queen in their progresses, or were disposed to see the gardens, or pay a visit to some great lady or Minister of State in the court, when Glumdalclitch happened to be out of order; for I soon began to be known and esteemed among the greatest officers, I suppose more upon account of their majesties'favour, than any merit of my own. In journeys, when I was weary of the coach, a servant on horseback would buckle on my box, and place it upon a cushion before him; and there I had a full prospect of the country on three sides, from my three windows. I had, in this closet, a field-bed and a hammock, hung from the ceiling, two chairs and a table, neatly screwed to the floor, to prevent being tossed about by the agitation of the horse or the coach. And having been long used to sea-voyages, those motions, although sometimes very violent, did not much discompose me.

confide - se confier, faire confiance, confier

pay a visit - rendre visite

Minister of State - Ministre d'État

buckle on - S'attacher

cushion - coussin, amortir

hammock - hamac, hammock

neatly - proprement, élégamment

screwed - vissé, vis, hélice, visser, baiser, coucher avec

tossed - ballotté, jet, au pile ou face, tirage au sort, pile ou face

Whenever I had a mind to see the town, it was always in my travelling-closet; which Glumdalclitch held in her lap in a kind of open sedan, after the fashion of the country, borne by four men, and attended by two others in the queen's livery.

sedan - berline

livery - la livrée

The people, who had often heard of me, were very curious to crowd about the sedan, and the girl was complaisant enough to make the bearers stop, and to take me in her hand, that I might be more conveniently seen.

complaisant - complaisant

bearers - porteurs, porteur, porteuse

I was very desirous to see the chief temple, and particularly the tower belonging to it, which is reckoned the highest in the kingdom.

belonging to it - qui lui appartient

Accordingly one day my nurse carried me thither, but I may truly say I came back disappointed; for the height is not above three thousand feet, reckoning from the ground to the highest pinnacle top; which, allowing for the difference between the size of those people and us in Europe, is no great matter for admiration, nor at all equal in proportion (if I rightly remember) to Salisbury steeple.

disappointed - déçue, décevoir, désappointer

reckoning - le calcul, calculer, estimer

pinnacle - cime, pic, pinacle

rightly - a juste titre

But, not to detract from a nation, to which, during my life, I shall acknowledge myself extremely obliged, it must be allowed, that whatever this famous tower wants in height, is amply made up in beauty and strength: for the walls are near a hundred feet thick, built of hewn stone, whereof each is about forty feet square, and adorned on all sides with statues of gods and emperors, cut in marble, larger than the life, placed in their several niches. I measured a little finger which had fallen down from one of these statues, and lay unperceived among some rubbish, and found it exactly four feet and an inch in length. Glumdalclitch wrapped it up in her handkerchief, and carried it home in her pocket, to keep among other trinkets, of which the girl was very fond, as children at her age usually are.

detract - détourner l'attention, nuire a

acknowledge - reconnaître, accuser réception, certifier

statues - statues, statue

gods - dieux, idolâtrer, déifier

marble - marbre, bille, grillot, marbrer

niches - niches, niche

fallen down - Tomber

rubbish - des déchets, absurdités, inepties, décombres, pourri

wrapped - enveloppé, enrouler (autour de)

trinkets - bibelots, colifichet, bibelot, breloque, babiole, bricole

The king's kitchen is indeed a noble building, vaulted at top, and about six hundred feet high. The great oven is not so wide, by ten paces, as the cupola at St. Paul's: for I measured the latter on purpose, after my return.

vaulted - vouté, cave voutée

oven - four

cupola - coupole, dôme

Paul - paul

But if I should describe the kitchen grate, the prodigious pots and kettles, the joints of meat turning on the spits, with many other particulars, perhaps I should be hardly believed; at least a severe critic would be apt to think I enlarged a little, as travellers are often suspected to do.

grate - grilles, grille, crisser, grincer, râper

pots - des casseroles, pot

kettles - bouilloires, bouilloire

joints - articulations, conjoint, commun, articulation, rotule, jointure

turning on - Allumer

severe - sévere, grave, sévere

critic - critique, critique (1-3), checkdétracteur, checkdétractrice (4)

suspected - soupçonné, suspecter, soupçonner

To avoid which censure I fear I have run too much into the other extreme; and that if this treatise should happen to be translated into the language of Brobdingnag (which is the general name of that kingdom,) and transmitted thither, the king and his people would have reason to complain that I had done them an injury, by a false and diminutive representation.

transmitted - transmise, transmettre (1, 2, 3, 4, 5), fr

injury - blessure

representation - représentation

His majesty seldom keeps above six hundred horses in his stables: they are generally from fifty-four to sixty feet high.

But, when he goes abroad on solemn days, he is attended, for state, by a military guard of five hundred horse, which, indeed, I thought was the most splendid sight that could be ever beheld, till I saw part of his army in battalia, whereof I shall find another occasion to speak.

abroad - a l'étranger, a l'étranger, de tous côtés

splendid - splendide, fameux

battalia - battalia

CHAPTER V.

Several adventurers that happened to the author. The execution of a criminal. The author shows his skill in navigation.

adventurers - aventuriers, aventurier, aventuriere

I should have lived happy enough in that country, if my littleness had not exposed me to several ridiculous and troublesome accidents; some of which I shall venture to relate. Glumdalclitch often carried me into the gardens of the court in my smaller box, and would sometimes take me out of it, and hold me in her hand, or set me down to walk.

troublesome - genants

I remember, before the dwarf left the queen, he followed us one day into those gardens, and my nurse having set me down, he and I being close together, near some dwarf apple trees, I must needs show my wit, by a silly allusion between him and the trees, which happens to hold in their language as it does in ours.

apple trees - des pommiers

silly - stupide, sot, insensé, idiot, bete

allusion - allusion

Whereupon, the malicious rogue, watching his opportunity, when I was walking under one of them, shook it directly over my head, by which a dozen apples, each of them near as large as a Bristol barrel, came tumbling about my ears; one of them hit me on the back as I chanced to stoop, and knocked me down flat on my face; but I received no other hurt, and the dwarf was pardoned at my desire, because I had given the provocation.

tumbling - la culbute, (tumble), culbute, dégringoler, culbuter

hit - frappé, frapper, battement, battre, succes

chanced - hasardeux, hasard

stoop - s'arreter, s'incliner, incliner

Another day, Glumdalclitch left me on a smooth grass-plot to divert myself, while she walked at some distance with her governess.

plot - intrigue, lopin, diagramme, graphique, complot, comploter

In the meantime, there suddenly fell such a violent shower of hail, that I was immediately by the force of it, struck to the ground: and when I was down, the hailstones gave me such cruel bangs all over the body, as if I had been pelted with tennis-balls; however, I made a shift to creep on all fours, and shelter myself, by lying flat on my face, on the lee-side of a border of lemon-thyme, but so bruised from head to foot, that I could not go abroad in ten days. Neither is this at all to be wondered at, because nature, in that country, observing the same proportion through all her operations, a hailstone is near eighteen hundred times as large as one in Europe; which I can assert upon experience, having been so curious as to weigh and measure them.

hail - grele

hailstones - des grelons, grelon

bangs - frange, détonation

pelted - pelé, lancer

tennis-balls - (tennis-balls) balles de tennis

shelter - l'abri, abri, refuge, abriter

border - frontiere, frontiere, bord, bordure, délimiter, border

lemon - citron, citronnier, chiotte

thyme - du thym, thym

bruised - contusionné, contusionner, meurtrir, taler, cotir, se taler

go abroad - aller a l'étranger

operations - des opérations, opération, fonctionnement, exploitation

assert - affirmer, attester, asseoir

weigh - peser, lever l’ancre

But a more dangerous accident happened to me in the same garden, when my little nurse, believing she had put me in a secure place (which I often entreated her to do, that I might enjoy my own thoughts,) and having left my box at home, to avoid the trouble of carrying it, went to another part of the garden with her governess and some ladies of her acquaintance.

more dangerous - plus dangereux

secure - sécurisé, sur, sécuriser

While she was absent, and out of hearing, a small white spaniel that belonged to one of the chief gardeners, having got by accident into the garden, happened to range near the place where I lay: the dog, following the scent, came directly up, and taking me in his mouth, ran straight to his master wagging his tail, and set me gently on the ground.

absent - absente, absent

spaniel - épagneul

gardeners - les jardiniers, jardinier, jardiniere

by accident - par accident

range - chaîne (de montagnes), cuisiniere, sélection, gamme, champ

scent - parfum, odeur, odorat, sentir

wagging - en train de s'agiter, frétiller, remuer, sécher

By good fortune he had been so well taught, that I was carried between his teeth without the least hurt, or even tearing my clothes. But the poor gardener, who knew me well, and had a great kindness for me, was in a terrible fright: he gently took me up in both his hands, and asked me how I did? but I was so amazed and out of breath, that I could not speak a word.

tearing - déchirure, larme

gardener - jardinier, jardiniere

In a few minutes I came to myself, and he carried me safe to my little nurse, who, by this time, had returned to the place where she left me, and was in cruel agonies when I did not appear, nor answer when she called. She severely reprimanded the gardener on account of his dog.

agonies - agonies, agonie, angoisse

severely - séverement

reprimanded - réprimandé, réprimande, semonce, réprimander, qualifier

But the thing was hushed up, and never known at court, for the girl was afraid of the queen's anger; and truly, as to myself, I thought it would not be for my reputation, that such a story should go about.

hushed up - étouffé

This accident absolutely determined Glumdalclitch never to trust me abroad for the future out of her sight. I had been long afraid of this resolution, and therefore concealed from her some little unlucky adventures, that happened in those times when I was left by myself.

absolutely - absolument

concealed - dissimulée, dissimuler, cacher

Once a kite, hovering over the garden, made a stoop at me, and if I had not resolutely drawn my hanger, and run under a thick espalier, he would have certainly carried me away in his talons.

kite - cerf-volant

hovering - en vol stationnaire, éventiller, faire du sur-place, hésiter

Another time, walking to the top of a fresh mole-hill, I fell to my neck in the hole, through which that animal had cast up the earth, and coined some lie, not worth remembering, to excuse myself for spoiling my clothes. I likewise broke my right shin against the shell of a snail, which I happened to stumble over, as I was walking alone and thinking on poor England.

mole - taupe

coined - inventé, piece de monnaie, jeton

spoiling - gâcher, gâter, tourner, dévoiler, révéler

shin - shin, tibia

shell - coquille, coquillage, carapace, coque, cosse, douille, obus

snail - escargot, limaçon

I cannot tell whether I were more pleased or mortified to observe, in those solitary walks, that the smaller birds did not appear to be at all afraid of me, but would hop about within a yard's distance, looking for worms and other food, with as much indifference and security as if no creature at all were near them.

more pleased - plus heureux

solitary - solitaire, seul, un a un

hop - hop, sauter a cloche-pied

worms - des vers, ver, vermine, scarabée, vis sans fin, dragon

indifference - l'indifférence, indifférence

I remember, a thrush had the confidence to snatch out of my hand, with his bill, a of cake that Glumdalclitch had just given me for my breakfast. When I attempted to catch any of these birds, they would boldly turn against me, endeavouring to peck my fingers, which I durst not venture within their reach; and then they would hop back unconcerned, to hunt for worms or snails, as they did before.

Thrush - la grive

snatch - l'arrachage, empoigner, happer, saisir, arracher, enlever

peck - picorer, picotin

unconcerned - indifférent, indifférence

hunt - chasser, chercher, chasse

But one day, I took a thick cudgel, and threw it with all my strength so luckily, at a linnet, that I knocked him down, and seizing him by the neck with both my hands, ran with him in triumph to my nurse.

Cudgel - cudgel, gourdin

luckily - heureusement

linnet - la linotte, linotte

triumph - triomphe, triomphal

However, the bird, who had only been stunned, recovering himself gave me so many boxes with his wings, on both sides of my head and body, though I held him at arm's-length, and was out of the reach of his claws, that I was twenty times thinking to let him go. But I was soon relieved by one of our servants, who wrung off the bird's neck, and I had him next day for dinner, by the queen's command.

stunned - stupéfait, étourdir, étonner, époustoufler

recovering - en cours de rétablissement, recouvrer (la santé)

claws - griffes, griffe

wrung - tordus, essorer

This linnet, as near as I can remember, seemed to be somewhat larger than an English swan.

swan - cygne

The maids of honour often invited Glumdalclitch to their apartments, and desired she would bring me along with her, on purpose to have the pleasure of seeing and touching me.

maids - servantes, demoiselle, jeune fille, bonne, bonne a tout faire

touching - toucher, attendrissant, (touch), émouvoir

They would often strip me naked from top to toe, and lay me at full length in their bosoms; wherewith I was much disgusted because, to say the truth, a very offensive smell came from their skins; which I do not mention, or intend, to the disadvantage of those excellent ladies, for whom I have all manner of respect; but I conceive that my sense was more acute in proportion to my littleness, and that those illustrious persons were no more disagreeable to their lovers, or to each other, than people of the same quality are with us in England. And, after all, I found their natural smell was much more supportable, than when they used perfumes, under which I immediately swooned away. I cannot forget, that an intimate friend of mine in Lilliput, took the freedom in a warm day, when I had used a good deal of exercise, to complain of a strong smell about me, although I am as little faulty that way, as most of my sex: but I suppose his faculty of smelling was as nice with regard to me, as mine was to that of this people. Upon this point, I cannot forbear doing justice to the queen my mistress, and Glumdalclitch my nurse, whose persons were as sweet as those of any lady in England.

toe - l'orteil, orteil, doigt de pied

bosoms - seins, sein, intime

the disadvantage of - l'inconvénient de

supportable - soutenable

perfumes - parfums, parfum, fragrance, parfumer

swooned - s'est pâmé, s'évanouir

faulty - défectueux

That which gave me most uneasiness among these maids of honour (when my nurse carried me to visit then) was, to see them use me without any manner of ceremony, like a creature who had no sort of consequence: for they would strip themselves to the skin, and put on their smocks in my presence, while I was placed on their toilet, directly before their naked bodies, which I am sure to me was very far from being a tempting sight, or from giving me any other emotions than those of horror and disgust: their skins appeared so coarse and uneven, so variously coloured, when I saw them near, with a mole here and there as broad as a trencher, and hairs hanging from it thicker than packthreads, to say nothing farther concerning the rest of their persons. Neither did they at all scruple, while I was by, to discharge what they had drank, to the quantity of at least two hogsheads, in a vessel that held above three tuns. The handsomest among these maids of honour, a pleasant, frolicsome girl of sixteen, would sometimes set me astride upon one of her nipples, with many other tricks, wherein the reader will excuse me for not being over particular. But I was so much displeased, that I entreated Glumdalclitch to contrive some excuse for not seeing that young lady any more.

smocks - des blouses, blouse

tempting - tentant, (tempt), tenter, attirer

emotions - des émotions, émotion

disgust - dégout, dégouter, dégout

uneven - inégale, inégal

variously - diversement

scruple - scrupule

handsomest - le plus beau, beau

frolicsome - frolicsome

astride - a califourchon, a califourchon, a califourchon sur

nipples - mamelons, mamelon, téton, tétin, tétine

One day, a young gentleman, who was nephew to my nurse's governess, came and pressed them both to see an execution. It was of a man, who had murdered one of that gentleman's intimate acquaintance.

nephew - neveu

murdered - assassiné, meurtre, homicide, assassinat, occire

Glumdalclitch was prevailed on to be of the company, very much against her inclination, for she was naturally tender-hearted: and, as for myself, although I abhorred such kind of spectacles, yet my curiosity tempted me to see something that I thought must be extraordinary.

hearted - cour

abhorred - abhorré, avoir horreur

The malefactor was fixed in a chair upon a scaffold erected for that purpose, and his head cut off at one blow, with a sword of about forty feet long.

malefactor - malfaiteur, malfaitrice

scaffold - échafaudage, échafaud, échafauder

The veins and arteries spouted up such a prodigious quantity of blood, and so high in the air, that the great jet d'eau at Versailles was not equal to it for the time it lasted: and the head, when it fell on the scaffold floor, gave such a bounce as made me start, although I was at least half an English mile distant.

veins - veines, veine

arteries - arteres, artere

spouted - craché, bec verseur, jet, souffle, jaillir, palabrer

jet - jet, avion a réaction, jais

eau - eau

Versailles - Versailles

lasted - a duré, dernier

bounce - rebondir

The queen, who often used to hear me talk of my sea-voyages, and took all occasions to divert me when I was melancholy, asked me whether I understood how to handle a sail or an oar, and whether a little exercise of rowing might not be convenient for my health?

often used - souvent utilisé

oar - rame, aviron

I answered, that I understood both very well: for although my proper employment had been to be surgeon or doctor to the ship, yet often, upon a pinch, I was forced to work like a common mariner.

employment - l'emploi, emploi, travail

pinch - pincer, chiper, pincement, pincée

mariner - marin, (marine), maritime, marinier

But I could not see how this could be done in their country, where the smallest wherry was equal to a first-rate man of war among us; and such a boat as I could manage would never live in any of their rivers. Her majesty said, if I would contrive a boat, her own joiner should make it, and she would provide a place for me to sail in.

wherry - wherry, chaland

first-rate - (first-rate) de premier ordre

manage - gérer, ménager, diriger, manier, parvenir, réussir, accomplir

joiner - joiner, menuisier

The fellow was an ingenious workman, and by my instructions, in ten days, finished a pleasure-boat with all its tackling, able conveniently to hold eight Europeans.

When it was finished, the queen was so delighted, that she ran with it in her lap to the king, who ordered it to be put into a cistern full of water, with me in it, by way of trial, where I could not manage my two sculls, or little oars, for want of room. But the queen had before contrived another project.

cistern - citerne, chasse d'eau

by way of trial - a titre d'essai

sculls - les godillots, aviron

She ordered the joiner to make a wooden trough of three hundred feet long, fifty broad, and eight deep; which, being well pitched, to prevent leaking, was placed on the floor, along the wall, in an outer room of the palace. It had a cock near the bottom to let out the water, when it began to grow stale; and two servants could easily fill it in half an hour.

trough - l'auge, auge (for food), abreuvoir (for drinking), gouttiere

pitched - lancé, dresser

leaking - fuite, voie d'eau, taupe, fuir

cock - bite, coq

let out - Laisser sortir

stale - périmé, rassis

Here I often used to row for my own diversion, as well as that of the queen and her ladies, who thought themselves well entertained with my skill and agility.

Row - rangée, tintamarre, canoter, ramer

Sometimes I would put up my sail, and then my business was only to steer, while the ladies gave me a gale with their fans; and, when they were weary, some of their pages would blow my sail forward with their breath, while I showed my art by steering starboard or larboard as I pleased. When I had done, Glumdalclitch always carried back my boat into her closet, and hung it on a nail to dry.

steer - diriger, piloter

fans - fans, éventail

larboard - a tribord

In this exercise I once met an accident, which had like to have cost me my life; for, one of the pages having put my boat into the trough, the governess who attended Glumdalclitch very officiously lifted me up, to place me in the boat: but I happened to slip through her fingers, and should infallibly have fallen down forty feet upon the floor, if, by the luckiest chance in the world, I had not been stopped by a corking-pin that stuck in the good gentlewoman's stomacher; the head of the pin passing between my shirt and the waistband of my breeches, and thus I was held by the middle in the air, till Glumdalclitch ran to my relief.

officiously - officiellement

gentlewoman - Madame

stomacher - stomacher, piece d'estomac

waistband - ceinture, élastique

Another time, one of the servants, whose office it was to fill my trough every third day with fresh water, was so careless as to let a huge frog (not perceiving it) slip out of his pail.

frog - grenouille

pail - seau

The frog lay concealed till I was put into my boat, but then, seeing a resting-place, climbed up, and made it lean so much on one side, that I was forced to balance it with all my weight on the other, to prevent overturning. When the frog was got in, it hopped at once half the length of the boat, and then over my head, backward and forward, daubing my face and clothes with its odious slime.

resting-place - (resting-place) lieu de repos

lean - maigre, adossons, adossent, appuyer, adossez

overturning - renversement, renverser, retourner, capoter, verser

hopped - sautée, sauter a cloche-pied

daubing - daubing, (daub), torchis, croute, barbouiller

slime - de la bave, slime, glaire, bave

The largeness of its features made it appear the most deformed animal that can be conceived. However, I desired Glumdalclitch to let me deal with it alone. I banged it a good while with one of my sculls, and at last forced it to leap out of the boat.

banged - cogné, détonation

But the greatest danger I ever underwent in that kingdom, was from a monkey, who belonged to one of the clerks of the kitchen. Glumdalclitch had locked me up in her closet, while she went somewhere upon business, or a visit.

monkey - singe, guenon

clerks - commis, greffier

somewhere - quelque part

The weather being very warm, the closet-window was left open, as well as the windows and the door of my bigger box, in which I usually lived, because of its largeness and conveniency.

conveniency - la commodité

As I sat quietly meditating at my table, I heard something bounce in at the closet-window, and skip about from one side to the other: whereat, although I was much alarmed, yet I ventured to look out, but not stirring from my seat; and then I saw this frolicsome animal frisking and leaping up and down, till at last he came to my box, which he seemed to view with great pleasure and curiosity, peeping in at the door and every window. I retreated to the farther corner of my room; or box; but the monkey looking in at every side, put me in such a fright, that I wanted presence of mind to conceal myself under the bed, as I might easily have done. After some time spent in peeping, grinning, and chattering, he at last espied me; and reaching one of his paws in at the door, as a cat does when she plays with a mouse, although I often shifted place to avoid him, he at length seized the lappet of my coat (which being made of that country silk, was very thick and strong), and dragged me out. He took me up in his right fore-foot and held me as a nurse does a child she is going to suckle, just as I have seen the same sort of creature do with a kitten in Europe; and when I offered to struggle he squeezed me so hard, that I thought it more prudent to submit. I have good reason to believe, that he took me for a young one of his own species, by his often stroking my face very gently with his other paw. In these diversions he was interrupted by a noise at the closet door, as if somebody were opening it: whereupon he suddenly leaped up to the window at which he had come in, and thence upon the leads and gutters, walking upon three legs, and holding me in the fourth, till he clambered up to a roof that was next to ours. I heard Glumdalclitch give a shriek at the moment he was carrying me out. The poor girl was almost distracted: that quarter of the palace was all in an uproar; the servants ran for ladders; the monkey was seen by hundreds in the court, sitting upon the ridge of a building, holding me like a baby in one of his forepaws, and feeding me with the other, by cramming into my mouth some victuals he had squeezed out of the bag on one side of his chaps, and patting me when I would not eat; whereat many of the rabble below could not forbear laughing; neither do I think they justly ought to be blamed, for, without question, the sight was ridiculous enough to every body but myself. Some of the people threw up stones, hoping to drive the monkey down; but this was strictly forbidden, or else, very probably, my brains had been dashed out.

quietly - paisablement, tranquillement, quietement

meditating - méditer

skip - sauter, sautiller, félure, franchir

stirring - l'agitation, passionnant

frisking - fouille, (frisk), fouiller

peeping - de l'espionnage, regarder qqch a la dérobée

retreated - s'est retirée, battre en retraite

looking in - Regarder dans

grinning - sourire, avoir un grand sourire

chattering - bavardage, (chatter) bavardage

shifted - décalé, quart, équipe, poste, décalage, vitesse

suckle - allaiter, téter

kitten - chaton, blaireautin

more prudent - plus prudent

interrupted - interrompu, interrompre, couper

leads - des pistes, conduire, mener

gutters - les gouttieres, gouttiere, caniveau

clambered - escaladé, grimper

shriek - cri, hurlement, crier

distracted - distraits, distraire

uproar - le tumulte, clameur

forepaws - pattes avant, patte avant

cramming - bachotage, bourrer, ficher, foutre, emmancher, fourrer, gaver

squeezed out - pressé

chaps - les chaps, type

patting - la caresse, petite tape

blamed - blâmé, blâmer

The ladders were now applied, and mounted by several men; which the monkey observing, and finding himself almost encompassed, not being able to make speed enough with his three legs, let me drop on a ridge tile, and made his escape.

Speed - la vitesse, galoper, vitesse

tile - tuile, carreau

Here I sat for some time, five hundred yards from the ground, expecting every moment to be blown down by the wind, or to fall by my own giddiness, and come tumbling over and over from the ridge to the eaves; but an honest lad, one of my nurse's footmen, climbed up, and putting me into his breeches pocket, brought me down safe.

blown down - soufflé

giddiness - des vertiges

footmen - les valets de pied, laquais

I was almost choked with the filthy stuff the monkey had crammed down my throat: but my dear little nurse picked it out of my mouth with a small needle, and then I fell a-vomiting, which gave me great relief. Yet I was so weak and bruised in the sides with the squeezes given me by this odious animal, that I was forced to keep my bed a fortnight.

choked - étouffé, suffoquer, étouffer

filthy - dégoutant, crasseux

stuff - trucs, truc, substance (1), checkmachin (2), checktruc (2)

crammed - entassés, bourrer, ficher, foutre, emmancher, fourrer, gaver

throat - gorge, goulot

vomiting - des vomissements, (vomit), vomir, rendre, rejeter, dégobiller

squeezes - presse, presser, comprimer, tasser, serrer

The king, queen, and all the court, sent every day to inquire after my health; and her majesty made me several visits during my sickness. The monkey was killed, and an order made, that no such animal should be kept about the palace.

inquire after - demander apres

sickness - maladie

killed - tué, tuer

When I attended the king after my recovery, to return him thanks for his favours, he was pleased to rally me a good deal upon this adventure. He asked me, "what my thoughts and speculations were, while I lay in the monkey's paw; how I liked the victuals he gave me; his manner of feeding; and whether the fresh air on the roof had sharpened my stomach.

rally - rallye, rallient, rallier, rallions, ralliez

speculations - des spéculations, spéculation

paw - patte, pied

sharpened - aiguisé, affiler, affuter, aiguiser

" He desired to know, "what I would have done upon such an occasion in my own country." I told his majesty, "that in Europe we had no monkeys, except such as were brought for curiosity from other places, and so small, that I could deal with a dozen of them together, if they presumed to attack me.

monkeys - des singes, singe, guenon

presumed - présumée, présumer, supposer

And as for that monstrous animal with whom I was so lately engaged (it was indeed as large as an elephant), if my fears had suffered me to think so far as to make use of my hanger," (looking fiercely, and clapping my hand on the hilt, as I spoke) "when he poked his paw into my chamber, perhaps I should have given him such a wound, as would have made him glad to withdraw it with More haste than he put it in." This I delivered in a firm tone, like a person who was jealous lest his courage should be called in question. However, my speech produced nothing else beside a laud laughter, which all the respect due to his majesty from those about him could not make them contain. This made me reflect, how vain an attempt it is for a man to endeavour to do himself honour among those who are out of all degree of equality or comparison with him. And yet I have seen the moral of my own behaviour very frequent in England since my return; where a little contemptible varlet, without the least title to birth, person, wit, or common sense, shall presume to look with importance, and put himself upon a foot with the greatest persons of the kingdom.

fiercely - férocement, âprement, farouchement

poked - poké, enfoncer (dans)

withdraw - se retirer, dégarnir, claustrer

More haste - Plus de hâte

firm - ferme, social, robuste, maison de commerce, solide

laud - laud, glorifier, célébrer, exalter

attempt - tenter, essayer, tentative, attentat

endeavour - l'effort, peiner

equality - l'égalité, égalité

moral - moral, moralité, morale

varlet - varlet

I was every day furnishing the court with some ridiculous story: and Glumdalclitch, although she loved me to excess, yet was arch enough to inform the queen, whenever I committed any folly that she thought would be diverting to her majesty. The girl, who had been out of order, was carried by her governess to take the air about an hour's distance, or thirty miles from town.

furnishing - l'ameublement, fournissant, (furnish), meubler, fournir, livrer

excess - l'exces, exces, franchise, en exces, en trop, excessif

been out of order - hors service

They alighted out of the coach near a small foot-path in a field, and Glumdalclitch setting down my travelling box, I went out of it to walk. There was a cow-dung in the path, and I must need try my activity by attempting to leap over it. I took a run, but unfortunately jumped short, and found myself just in the middle up to my knees.

cow-dung - (cow-dung) de la bouse de vache

jumped - a sauté, (faire) sauter

I waded through with some difficulty, and one of the footmen wiped me as clean as he could with his handkerchief, for I was filthily bemired; and my nurse confined me to my box, till we returned home; where the queen was soon informed of what had passed, and the footmen spread it about the court: so that all the mirth for some days was at my expense.

wiped - essuyé, essuyer

filthily - de façon répugnante

returned home - est rentré chez lui

CHAPTER VI.

Several contrivances of the author to please the king and queen. He shows his skill in music. The king inquires into the state of England, which the author relates to him. The king's observations thereon.

contrivances - des artifices, appareil, dispositif, stratageme

inquires - demande, enqueter, renseigner

thereon - sur ce point, jusque-la

I used to attend the king's levee once or twice a week, and had often seen him under the barber's hand, which indeed was at first very terrible to behold; for the razor was almost twice as long as an ordinary scythe. His majesty, according to the custom of the country, was only shaved twice a-week.

levee - la digue

barber - coiffeur, coiffeuse, barbier

shaved - rasé, (se) raser

I once prevailed on the barber to give me some of the suds or lather, out of which I picked forty or fifty of the strongest stumps of hair. I then took a piece of fine wood, and cut it like the back of a comb, making several holes in it at equal distances with as small a needle as I could get from Glumdalclitch.

suds - de la mousse, mousse de savon

lather - mousse

distances - les distances, distance, éloigner, fr

I fixed in the stumps so artificially, scraping and sloping them with my knife toward the points, that I made a very tolerable comb; which was a seasonable supply, my own being so much broken in the teeth, that it was almost useless: neither did I know any artist in that country so nice and exact, as would undertake to make me another.

artificially - artificiellement

scraping - grattant, (scrap) grattant

sloping - en pente, renverser, déborder

toward - vers, envers, pour, pres de

seasonable - saisonnieres

supply - l'approvisionnement, livraison, fournir, pourvoir, provision

broken in - Cassé en

useless - inutile, inutilisable, bon a rien

And this puts me in mind of an amusement, wherein I spent many of my leisure hours.

amusement - l'amusement, amusement

I desired the queen's woman to save for me the combings of her majesty's hair, whereof in time I got a good quantity; and consulting with my friend the cabinet-maker, who had received general orders to do little jobs for me, I directed him to make two chair-frames, no larger than those I had in my box, and to bore little holes with a fine awl, round those parts where I designed the backs and seats; through these holes I wove the strongest hairs I could pick out, just after the manner of cane chairs in England. When they were finished, I made a present of them to her majesty; who kept them in her cabinet, and used to show them for curiosities, as indeed they were the wonder of every one that beheld them. The queen would have me sit upon one of these chairs, but I absolutely refused to obey her, protesting I would rather die than place a dishonourable part of my body on those precious hairs, that once adorned her majesty's head. Of these hairs (as I had always a mechanical genius) I likewise made a neat little purse, about five feet long, with her majesty's name deciphered in gold letters, which I gave to Glumdalclitch, by the queen's consent. To say the truth, it was more for show than use, being not of strength to bear the weight of the larger coins, and therefore she kept nothing in it but some little toys that girls are fond of.

save - sauver, sauvegarder, épargner, préserver, protéger

awl - l'alene, alene

seats - sieges, place, siege, assise, séant, fond

wove - tisser

pick - pioche, passeartout, choix, écran, prendre, cueillir, choisir

refused - refusé, refuser de

protesting - protester, protestation, manifestation

dishonourable - déshonorant

precious - précieux

mechanical - mécanique, machinal

neat - soigné, parure

deciphered - déchiffré, déchiffrer

The king, who delighted in music, had frequent concerts at court, to which I was sometimes carried, and set in my box on a table to hear them: but the noise was so great that I could hardly distinguish the tunes. I am confident that all the drums and trumpets of a royal army, beating and sounding together just at your ears, could not equal it.

tunes - des airs, mélodie, air, tube, accorder, syntoniser

trumpets - trompettes, trompette, trompettiste, barrissement

My practice was to have my box removed from the place where the performers sat, as far as I could, then to shut the doors and windows of it, and draw the window curtains; after which I found their music not disagreeable.

performers - artistes-interpretes, artiste, interprete, exécutant, exécutante

I had learned in my youth to play a little upon the spinet. Glumdalclitch kept one in her chamber, and a master attended twice a-week to teach her: I called it a spinet, because it somewhat resembled that instrument, and was played upon in the same manner. A fancy came into my head, that I would entertain the king and queen with an English tune upon this instrument.

spinet - épinette

tune - l'accord, mélodie, air, tube, accorder, syntoniser

But this appeared extremely difficult: for the spinet was near sixty feet long, each key being almost a foot wide, so that with my arms extended I could not reach to above five keys, and to press them down required a good smart stroke with my fist, which would be too great a labour, and to no purpose.

The method I contrived was this: I prepared two round sticks, about the bigness of common cudgels; they were thicker at one end than the other, and I covered the thicker ends with pieces of a mouse's skin, that by rapping on them I might neither damage the tops of the keys nor interrupt the sound.

cudgels - des gourdins, gourdin

rapping - rapper, coup sec

Before the spinet a bench was placed, about four feet below the keys, and I was put upon the bench.

Bench - banc, établi, banquette

I ran sideling upon it, that way and this, as fast as I could, banging the proper keys with my two sticks, and made a shift to play a jig, to the great satisfaction of both their majesties; but it was the most violent exercise I ever underwent; and yet I could not strike above sixteen keys, nor consequently play the bass and treble together, as other artists do; which was a great disadvantage to my performance.

sideling - la mise a l'écart

banging - banging, détonation

jig - gabarit, gigue

most violent - Le plus violent

bass - basse, perche

treble - les aigus, triple

disadvantage - désavantage

The king, who, as I before observed, was a prince of excellent understanding, would frequently order that I should be brought in my box, and set upon the table in his closet: he would then command me to bring one of my chairs out of the box, and sit down within three yards distance upon the top of the cabinet, which brought me almost to a level with his face.

In this manner I had several conversations with him.

I one day took the freedom to tell his majesty, "that the contempt he discovered towards Europe, and the rest of the world, did not seem answerable to those excellent qualities of mind that he was master of; that reason did not extend itself with the bulk of the body; on the contrary, we observed in our country, that the tallest persons were usually the least provided with it; that among other animals, bees and ants had the reputation of more industry, art, and sagacity, than many of the larger kinds; and that, as inconsiderable as he took me to be, I hoped I might live to do his majesty some signal service." The king heard me with attention, and began to conceive a much better opinion of me than he had ever before. He desired "I would give him as exact an account of the government of England as I possibly could; because, as fond as princes commonly are of their own customs (for so he conjectured of other monarchs, by my former discourses), he should be glad to hear of any thing that might deserve imitation."

answerable - répondre

bees - abeilles, abeille

Ants - fourmis, fourmi

industry - l'industrie, industrie

attention - attention, attentions, garde a vous

commonly - communément, fréquemment

Discourses - discours, conversation

be glad - etre heureux

hear of - Entendre parler de

imitation - imitation

Imagine with thyself, courteous reader, how often I then wished for the tongue of Demosthenes or Cicero, that might have enabled me to celebrate the praise of my own dear native country in a style equal to its merits and felicity.

thyself - toi-meme

courteous - courtois, poli

Cicero - cicéron

celebrate - rendre hommage, célébrer, feter, faire la fete

I began my discourse by informing his majesty, that our dominions consisted of two islands, which composed three mighty kingdoms, under one sovereign, beside our plantations in America. I dwelt long upon the fertility of our soil, and the temperature of our climate.

informing - informer, avertir (de)

composed - composé, composer

plantations - des plantations, plantation

fertility - la fertilité, fertilité

soil - sol, terre, barbouillons, barbouiller, foncierere

temperature - température

climate - le climat, climat

I then spoke at large upon the constitution of an English parliament; partly made up of an illustrious body called the House of Peers; persons of the noblest blood, and of the most ancient and ample patrimonies.

Parliament - le parlement, parlement, pain d'épices

peers - des pairs, pair

noblest - le plus noble, noble, aristocrate, aristocratique

ample - ample

patrimonies - patrimoines, patrimoine

I described that extraordinary care always taken of their education in arts and arms, to qualify them for being counsellors both to the king and kingdom; to have a share in the legislature; to be members of the highest court of judicature, whence there can be no appeal; and to be champions always ready for the defence of their prince and country, by their valour, conduct, and fidelity.

share in - partager

legislature - législature, corps législatif, assemblée législative

champions - champions, champion, championne, championner

conduct - comportement, conduite, se comporter, conduire, mener

fidelity - fidélité

That these were the ornament and bulwark of the kingdom, worthy followers of their most renowned ancestors, whose honour had been the reward of their virtue, from which their posterity were never once known to degenerate.

bulwark - rempart, bastingage, pavois

worthy - digne

ancestors - ancetres, ancetre

To these were joined several holy persons, as part of that assembly, under the title of bishops, whose peculiar business is to take care of religion, and of those who instruct the people therein.

holy - saint, sacré, bénit, checksainte

assembly - l'assemblée, groupe, bloc, assemblage, assemblée

bishops - éveques, éveque

These were searched and sought out through the whole nation, by the prince and his wisest counsellors, among such of the priesthood as were most deservedly distinguished by the sanctity of their lives, and the depth of their erudition; who were indeed the spiritual fathers of the clergy and the people.

sought - recherchée, chercher

priesthood - le sacerdoce, sacerdoce, pretrise

deservedly - mérité

distinguished - distingué, distinguer

sanctity - sainteté

erudition - l'érudition, érudition

spiritual - spirituel

clergy - le clergé, clergé

That the other part of the parliament consisted of an assembly called the House of Commons, who were all principal gentlemen, freely picked and culled out by the people themselves, for their great abilities and love of their country, to represent the wisdom of the whole nation.

culled - éliminés, abattre, éliminer

And that these two bodies made up the most august assembly in Europe; to whom, in conjunction with the prince, the whole legislature is committed.

I then descended to the courts of justice; over which the judges, those venerable sages and interpreters of the law, presided, for determining the disputed rights and properties of men, as well as for the punishment of vice and protection of innocence. I mentioned the prudent management of our treasury; the valour and achievements of our forces, by sea and land.

courts of justice - Tribunaux

sages - sages, sauge

interpreters - interpretes, interprete, interpréteur

presided - présidé, présider

determining - déterminant, déterminer

disputed - contestée, dispute, litige, discuter, argumenter

properties - propriétés, propriété

management - de gestion, administration, gestion, gérance, direction

achievements - les réalisations, réalisation, accomplissement, haut fait

forces - forces, force

I computed the number of our people, by reckoning how many millions there might be of each religious sect, or political party among us. I did not omit even our sports and pastimes, or any other particular which I thought might redound to the honour of my country. And I finished all with a brief historical account of affairs and events in England for about a hundred years past.

religious - religieux

sect - secte

political - politique

pastimes - loisirs, passe-temps

brief - bref, court

historical - historique

This conversation was not ended under five audiences, each of several hours; and the king heard the whole with great attention, frequently taking notes of what I spoke, as well as memorandums of what questions he intended to ask me.

audiences - publics, assistance, public, auditoire, lectorat, audience

of several hours - de plusieurs heures

memorandums - mémorandums, mémorandum

When I had put an end to these long discources, his majesty, in a sixth audience, consulting his notes, proposed many doubts, queries, and objections, upon every article. He asked, "What methods were used to cultivate the minds and bodies of our young nobility, and in what kind of business they commonly spent the first and teachable parts of their lives?

discources - des ressources

queries - des questions, question, requete

objections - objections, objection

teachable - enseignable

What course was taken to supply that assembly, when any noble family became extinct? What qualifications were necessary in those who are to be created new lords: whether the humour of the prince, a sum of money to a court lady, or a design of strengthening a party opposite to the public interest, ever happened to be the motive in those advancements?

noble family - famille noble

extinct - éteinte, éteint, disparu

qualifications - les qualifications, qualification

court lady - dame de cour

strengthening - le renforcement, renforcer, affermir, raffermir, fortifier

public interest - l'intéret public

advancements - des progres, progres, avancement d'hoirie

What share of knowledge these lords had in the laws of their country, and how they came by it, so as to enable them to decide the properties of their fellow-subjects in the last resort? Whether they were always so free from avarice, partialities, or want, that a bribe, or some other sinister view, could have no place among them?

enable - autoriser, permettre, activer

last resort - dernier recours

avarice - l'avarice, avarice

partialities - des partialités, partialité

bribe - pot-de-vin, verser un pot-de-vin, soudoyer, corrompre

sinister - sinistre

Whether those holy lords I spoke of were always promoted to that rank upon account of their knowledge in religious matters, and the sanctity of their lives; had never been compliers with the times, while they were common priests; or slavish prostitute chaplains to some nobleman, whose opinions they continued servilely to follow, after they were admitted into that assembly?"

promoted - promu, promouvoir, faire la promotion de.

prostitute - prostitué, prostituée, fille des rues, fille de joie

chaplains - les aumôniers, aumônier, chapelain

servilely - servilement

He then desired to know, "What arts were practised in electing those whom I called commoners: whether a stranger, with a strong purse, might not influence the vulgar voters to choose him before their own landlord, or the most considerable gentleman in the neighbourhood?

electing - élire, élu, élue, choisir, décider

voters - électeurs, votant, votante

landlord - propriétaire, patron

neighbourhood - quartier

How it came to pass, that people were so violently bent upon getting into this assembly, which I allowed to be a great trouble and expense, often to the ruin of their families, without any salary or pension? because this appeared such an exalted strain of virtue and public spirit, that his majesty seemed to doubt it might possibly not be always sincere.

ruin - la ruine, ruine, ruiner, abîmer, foutre en l'air

salary - salaire

spirit - l'esprit, esprit, moral, élan, spiritueux

" And he desired to know, "Whether such zealous gentlemen could have any views of refunding themselves for the charges and trouble they were at by sacrificing the public good to the designs of a weak and vicious prince, in conjunction with a corrupted ministry?

zealous - zélé

views - vues, vue, q

refunding - remboursement, rembourser

sacrificing - sacrifier, sacrifice, offrande

vicious - rench: t-needed r, vicieux

corrupted - corrompu, dévoyé, corrompre

" He multiplied his questions, and sifted me thoroughly upon every part of this head, proposing numberless inquiries and objections, which I think it not prudent or convenient to repeat.

multiplied - multipliée, multiplier

sifted - tamisé, passer, tamiser, éparpiller, disséminer

proposing - proposant, proposer, demander en mariage

numberless - innombrable

inquiries - des demandes de renseignements, enquete

Upon what I said in relation to our courts of justice, his majesty desired to be satisfied in several points: and this I was the better able to do, having been formerly almost ruined by a long suit in chancery, which was decreed for me with costs. He asked, "What time was usually spent in determining between right and wrong, and what degree of expense?

ruined - ruiné, ruine, ruiner, abîmer, foutre en l'air

Chancery - la chancellerie

Whether advocates and orators had liberty to plead in causes manifestly known to be unjust, vexatious, or oppressive? Whether party, in religion or politics, were observed to be of any weight in the scale of justice? Whether those pleading orators were persons educated in the general knowledge of equity, or only in provincial, national, and other local customs?

advocates - des défenseurs, avocat, avocate, porte-parole, plaider

orators - orateurs, orateur, oratrice

manifestly - manifestement

unjust - injuste

oppressive - oppressif

pleading - plaidoyer, (plead), plaider

general knowledge - des connaissances générales

equity - l'équité, impartialité, solidarité, action, capitaux propres

provincial - provinciale, provincial

national - nationale, national

Whether they or their judges had any part in penning those laws, which they assumed the liberty of interpreting, and glossing upon at their pleasure? Whether they had ever, at different times, pleaded for and against the same cause, and cited precedents to prove contrary opinions? Whether they were a rich or a poor corporation?

assumed - supposé, supposer, présupposer, présumer, assumer, adopter

interpreting - l'interprétation, interpréter, traduire

glossing - glossing, brillant

pleaded for - a plaidé pour

precedents - des précédents, précédent, décision de principe

corporation - société anonyme

Whether they received any pecuniary reward for pleading, or delivering their opinions? And particularly, whether they were ever admitted as members in the lower senate?"

pecuniary - monétaire, pécuniaire

delivering - livrant, accoucher, livrer, remettre

Senate - le sénat, sénat

He fell next upon the management of our treasury; and said, "he thought my memory had failed me, because I computed our taxes at about five or six millions a-year, and when I came to mention the issues, he found they sometimes amounted to more than double; for the notes he had taken were very particular in this point, because he hoped, as he told me, that the knowledge of our conduct might be useful to him, and he could not be deceived in his calculations. But, if what I told him were true, he was still at a loss how a kingdom could run out of its estate, like a private person." He asked me, "who were our creditors; and where we found money to pay them?" He wondered to hear me talk of such chargeable and expensive wars; "that certainly we must be a quarrelsome people, or live among very bad neighbours, and that our generals must needs be richer than our kings." He asked, what business we had out of our own islands, unless upon the score of trade, or treaty, or to defend the coasts with our fleet?" Above all, he was amazed to hear me talk of a mercenary standing army, in the midst of peace, and among a free people. He said, "if we were governed by our own consent, in the persons of our representatives, he could not imagine of whom we were afraid, or against whom we were to fight; and would hear my opinion, whether a private man's house might not be better defended by himself, his children, and family, than by half-a-dozen rascals, picked up at a venture in the streets for small wages, who might get a hundred times more by cutting their throats?"

taxes - impôts, taxe, impôt

issues - questions, sortie, émission, livraison, délivrance

amounted to - s'est élevé a

calculations - calculs, calcul

creditors - les créanciers, créancier, créanciere

chargeable - facturables

quarrelsome - querelleur

generals - généraux, général, communal, en chef

mercenary - mercenaire

representatives - des représentants, typique, représentatif, représentant

defended - défendue, défendre

rascals - des vauriens, racaille, canaille, coquin, crapule, filou

at a venture - a une entreprise

throats - gorges, gorge, goulot

He laughed at my "odd kind of arithmetic," as he was pleased to call it, "in reckoning the numbers of our people, by a computation drawn from the several sects among us, in religion and politics." He said, "he knew no reason why those, who entertain opinions prejudicial to the public, should be obliged to change, or should not be obliged to conceal them.

laughed at - dont on se moque

odd - rench: t-needed r, bizarre, étrange, impair, a peu pres

Arithmetic - l'arithmétique, arithmétique, d'arithmétique

sects - sectes, secte

prejudicial - préjudiciable

And as it was tyranny in any government to require the first, so it was weakness not to enforce the second: for a man may be allowed to keep poisons in his closet, but not to vend them about for cordials."

tyranny - la tyrannie, tyrannie

enforce - faire respecter, renforcer, intensifier, imposer, obliger

poisons - des poisons, poison, empoisonner

vend - vendre

cordials - cordiales, sirop

He observed, "that among the diversions of our nobility and gentry, I had mentioned gaming: he desired to know at what age this entertainment was usually taken up, and when it was laid down; how much of their time it employed; whether it ever went so high as to affect their fortunes; whether mean, vicious people, by their dexterity in that art, might not arrive at great riches, and sometimes keep our very nobles in dependence, as well as habituate them to vile companions, wholly take them from the improvement of their minds, and force them, by the losses they received, to learn and practise that infamous dexterity upon others?"

laid down - mis en place

nobles - nobles, (noble), noble, aristocrate, aristocratique

dependence - dépendance

habituate - s'habituer

vile - vil

improvement - l'amélioration, amélioration

losses - pertes, perte

He was perfectly astonished with the historical account gave him of our affairs during the last century; protesting "it was only a heap of conspiracies, rebellions, murders, massacres, revolutions, banishments, the very worst effects that avarice, faction, hypocrisy, perfidiousness, cruelty, rage, madness, hatred, envy, lust, malice, and ambition, could produce."

conspiracies - des complots, conspiration, complot

murders - meurtres, meurtre, homicide, assassinat, occire

massacres - massacres, massacre, massacrer

revolutions - révolutions, révolution, coup d'état, tour

banishments - les bannissements, bannissement, banni

hypocrisy - l'hypocrisie, hypocrisie, faux-culterie

perfidiousness - perfidie

cruelty - la cruauté, cruauté

madness - la folie, folie

lust - la convoitise, luxure, concupiscence, convoitise, joie

His majesty, in another audience, was at the pains to recapitulate the sum of all I had spoken; compared the questions he made with the answers I had given; then taking me into his hands, and stroking me gently, delivered himself in these words, which I shall never forget, nor the manner he spoke them in: "My little friend Grildrig, you have made a most admirable panegyric upon your country; you have clearly proved, that ignorance, idleness, and vice, are the proper ingredients for qualifying a legislator; that laws are best explained, interpreted, and applied, by those whose interest and abilities lie in perverting, confounding, and eluding them. I observe among you some lines of an institution, which, in its original, might have been tolerable, but these half erased, and the rest wholly blurred and blotted by corruptions. It does not appear, from all you have said, how any one perfection is required toward the procurement of any one station among you; much less, that men are ennobled on account of their virtue; that priests are advanced for their piety or learning; soldiers, for their conduct or valour; judges, for their integrity; senators, for the love of their country; or counsellors for their wisdom. As for yourself," continued the king, "who have spent the greatest part of your life in travelling, I am well disposed to hope you may hitherto have escaped many vices of your country. But by what I have gathered from your own relation, and the answers I have with much pains wrung and extorted from you, I cannot but conclude the bulk of your natives to be the most pernicious race of little odious vermin that nature ever suffered to crawl upon the surface of the earth."

recapitulate - récapituler

admirable - admirable

panegyric - panégyrique

idleness - l'oisiveté, oisiveté, inactivité, indolence, inutilité

ingredients - ingrédients, ingrédient

legislator - législateur, législatrice

perverting - pervertir, déviant, pervers

eluding - éluder

Institution - l'institution, institution

erased - effacé, effacer, s'effacer

blurred - floue, estomper, brouiller, s'estomper, flou, tache, salissure

blotted - éponge, tache, (ink) pâté, souillure, tacher

procurement - l'approvisionnement, achats, obtention

ennobled - anobli, anoblir

senators - sénateurs, sénateur, sénatrice

vices - vices, étau

gathered - rassemblés, rassembler, ramasser, recueillir

extorted - extorqué, extorquer

pernicious - pernicieux

crawl - ramper

surface - surface, faire surface

CHAPTER VII.

The author's love of his country. He makes a proposal of much advantage to the king, which is rejected. The king's great ignorance in politics. The learning of that country very imperfect and confined. The laws, and military affairs, and parties in the state.

Nothing but an extreme love of truth could have hindered me from concealing this part of my story. It was in vain to discover my resentments, which were always turned into ridicule; and I was forced to rest with patience, while my noble and beloved country was so injuriously treated.

hindered - entravé, gener, entraver

resentments - les rancours, ressentiment, agacement, rancune

ridicule - ridiculiser, bafouer, ridicule

injuriously - de maniere préjudiciable

I am as heartily sorry as any of my readers can possibly be, that such an occasion was given: but this prince happened to be so curious and inquisitive upon every particular, that it could not consist either with gratitude or good manners, to refuse giving him what satisfaction I was able.

inquisitive - curieux

consist - consister, consistons, consistent, consistez

refuse - refuser, refusons, refusent, refusez

Yet thus much I may be allowed to say in my own vindication, that I artfully eluded many of his questions, and gave to every point a more favourable turn, by many degrees, than the strictness of truth would allow.

artfully - avec art, habilement

eluded - éludé, éluder

more favourable - plus favorable

strictness - la rigueur

For I have always borne that laudable partiality to my own country, which Dionysius Halicarnassensis, with so much justice, recommends to an historian: I would hide the frailties and deformities of my political mother, and place her virtues and beauties in the most advantageous light.

laudable - louable

partiality - partialité

recommends - recommande, recommander, adviser, fr

historian - historien, historienne

frailties - fragilités, fragilité

beauties - des beautés, beauté

most advantageous - le plus avantageux

This was my sincere endeavour in those many discourses I had with that monarch, although it unfortunately failed of success.

But great allowances should be given to a king, who lives wholly secluded from the rest of the world, and must therefore be altogether unacquainted with the manners and customs that most prevail in other nations: the want of which knowledge will ever produce many prejudices, and a certain narrowness of thinking, from which we, and the politer countries of Europe, are wholly exempted.

allowances - allocations, indemnité, jeu

unacquainted - pas connu

prevail - dominer, prévaloir, l'emporter, prédominer, persuader

narrowness - l'étroitesse, étroitesse

politer - plus poli, poli

And it would be hard indeed, if so remote a prince's notions of virtue and vice were to be offered as a standard for all mankind.

Standard - standard, étalon, étendard

To confirm what I have now said, and further to show the miserable effects of a confined education, I shall here insert a passage, which will hardly obtain belief.

confirm - confirmer

belief - croyance, conviction, foi

In hopes to ingratiate myself further into his majesty's favour, I told him of "an invention, discovered between three and four hundred years ago, to make a certain powder, into a heap of which, the smallest spark of fire falling, would kindle the whole in a moment, although it were as big as a mountain, and make it all fly up in the air together, with a noise and agitation greater than thunder.

ingratiate - s'insinuer, se faire aimer

invention - invention

That a proper quantity of this powder rammed into a hollow tube of brass or iron, according to its bigness, would drive a ball of iron or lead, with such violence and speed, as nothing was able to sustain its force.

rammed - éperonné, RAM, mémoire RAM

tube - tuyau, tube, canette (de biere)

brass - laiton, airain

lead - du plomb

sustain - soutenir, maintenir, subvenir

That the largest balls thus discharged, would not only destroy whole ranks of an army at once, but batter the strongest walls to the ground, sink down ships, with a thousand men in each, to the bottom of the sea, and when linked together by a chain, would cut through masts and rigging, divide hundreds of bodies in the middle, and lay all waste before them.

ranks - rangs, rang

batter - pâte a frire, battre

sink down - s'enfoncer

linked - liés, maillon, chaînon

cut through - couper a travers

rigging - le truquage, (rig) le truquage

waste - déchets, pelée, gaspiller, gâcher

That we often put this powder into large hollow balls of iron, and discharged them by an engine into some city we were besieging, which would rip up the pavements, tear the houses to pieces, burst and throw splinters on every side, dashing out the brains of all who came near.

besieging - assiégeant, (besiege), assiéger, assaillir

pavements - les chaussées, revetement, chaussée, pavement

burst - l'éclatement, éclater, faire éclater, rompre, briser

That I knew the ingredients very well, which were cheap and common; I understood the manner of compounding them, and could direct his workmen how to make those tubes, of a size proportionable to all other things in his majesty's kingdom, and the largest need not be above a hundred feet long; twenty or thirty of which tubes, charged with the proper quantity of powder and balls, would batter down the walls of the strongest town in his dominions in a few hours, or destroy the whole metropolis, if ever it should pretend to dispute his absolute commands." This I humbly offered to his majesty, as a small tribute of acknowledgment, in turn for so many marks that I had received, of his royal favour and protection.

compounding - la composition, composé

tubes - tubes, tuyau, tube, canette (de biere)

absolute - absolue, absolu

tribute - hommage, tribut

acknowledgment - l'accusé de réception, aveu, confession, reconnaissance

The king was struck with horror at the description I had given of those terrible engines, and the proposal I had made.

"He was amazed, how so impotent and grovelling an insect as I" (these were his expressions) "could entertain such inhuman ideas, and in so familiar a manner, as to appear wholly unmoved at all the scenes of blood and desolation which I had painted as the common effects of those destructive machines; whereof," he said, "some evil genius, enemy to mankind, must have been the first contriver.

impotent - impuissant

grovelling - des courbettes, (grovel), s'abaisser, larbiner

insect - insecte

familiar - familier, esprit familier

unmoved - indifférent, insensible

scenes - scenes, scene, scene de ménage

destructive - destructrice

contriver - contriver

As for himself, he protested, that although few things delighted him so much as new discoveries in art or in nature, yet he would rather lose half his kingdom, than be privy to such a secret; which he commanded me, as I valued any life, never to mention any more."

Privy - privé, unique, exclusif, instruit, complice

valued - valorisée, valeur

A strange effect of narrow principles and views!

that a prince possessed of every quality which procures veneration, love, and esteem; of strong parts, great wisdom, and profound learning, endowed with admirable talents, and almost adored by his subjects, should, from a nice, unnecessary scruple, whereof in Europe we can have no conception, let slip an opportunity put into his hands that would have made him absolute master of the lives, the liberties, and the fortunes of his people! Neither do I say this, with the least intention to detract from the many virtues of that excellent king, whose character, I am sensible, will, on this account, be very much lessened in the opinion of an English reader: but I take this defect among them to have risen from their ignorance, by not having hitherto reduced politics into a science, as the more acute wits of Europe have done. For, I remember very well, in a discourse one day with the king, when I happened to say, "there were several thousand books among us written upon the art of government," it gave him (directly contrary to my intention) a very mean opinion of our understandings. He professed both to abominate and despise all mystery, refinement, and intrigue, either in a prince or a minister. He could not tell what I meant by secrets of state, where an enemy, or some rival nation, were not in the case. He confined the knowledge of governing within very narrow bounds, to common sense and reason, to justice and lenity, to the speedy determination of civil and criminal causes; with some other obvious topics, which are not worth considering. And he gave it for his opinion, "that whoever could make two ears of corn, or two blades of grass, to grow upon a spot of ground where only one grew before, would deserve better of mankind, and do more essential service to his country, than the whole race of politicians put together."

possessed - possédé, posséder, s'emparer de

procures - se procure, procure, (procure), acquérir, obtenir, proxénétisme

veneration - vénération

endowed - dotés, doter, enrichir

talents - talents, talent

adored - adorée, adorer

unnecessary - inutile

conception - conception

risen - ressuscité, augmenter, monter, lever

wits - l'esprit, esprit

understandings - compréhension

abominate - abominer

refinement - raffinement

secrets - secrets, secret

rival - rival, rivale, rivaliser

speedy - prompt, rapide

blades of grass - des brins d'herbe

more essential - plus essentiel

politicians - politiciens, politique, politicien, politicienne

The learning of this people is very defective, consisting only in morality, history, poetry, and mathematics, wherein they must be allowed to excel. But the last of these is wholly applied to what may be useful in life, to the improvement of agriculture, and all mechanical arts; so that among us, it would be little esteemed.

morality - moralité

poetry - de la poésie, poésie

agriculture - l'agriculture, agriculture

And as to ideas, entities, abstractions, and transcendentals, I could never drive the least conception into their heads.

entities - entités, entité

abstractions - abstractions, abstraction

No law in that country must exceed in words the number of letters in their alphabet, which consists only of two and twenty. But indeed few of them extend even to that length. They are expressed in the most plain and simple terms, wherein those people are not mercurial enough to discover above one interpretation: and to write a comment upon any law, is a capital crime.

consists - consiste, consister (en)

mercurial - mercuriale, lunatique, mercuriel, mercurielle

interpretation - l'interprétation, interprétation

comment - commentaire, commentons, commentez, commentent

As to the decision of civil causes, or proceedings against criminals, their precedents are so few, that they have little reason to boast of any extraordinary skill in either.

boast - se vanter, vantent, vantez, vantons, fanfaronner, vanter

They have had the art of printing, as well as the Chinese, time out of mind: but their libraries are not very large; for that of the king, which is reckoned the largest, does not amount to above a thousand volumes, placed in a gallery of twelve hundred feet long, whence I had liberty to borrow what books I pleased.

printing - l'impression, imprimant, (print), imprimer, imprimé, empreinte

time out - un temps mort

amount to - s'éleve a

gallery - galerie, balcon

borrow - emprunter, empruntons, preter, empruntent

The queen's joiner had contrived in one of Glumdalclitch's rooms, a kind of wooden machine five-and-twenty feet high, formed like a standing ladder; the steps were each fifty feet long. It was indeed a moveable pair of stairs, the lowest end placed at ten feet distance from the wall of the chamber.

moveable - déplaçable

stairs - escaliers, marche, escalier, volée

The book I had a mind to read, was put up leaning against the wall: I first mounted to the upper step of the ladder, and turning my face towards the book, began at the top of the page, and so walking to the right and left about eight or ten paces, according to the length of the lines, till I had gotten a little below the level of mine eyes, and then descending gradually till I came to the bottom: after which I mounted again, and began the other page in the same manner, and so turned over the leaf, which I could easily do with both my hands, for it was as thick and stiff as a pasteboard, and in the largest folios not above eighteen or twenty feet long.

descending - descendant, descendre

turned over - retourné

leaf - feuille, rallonge, battant, ouvrant, vantail, feuiller

stiff - rigide, raide, macchabée

folios - folios, folio

Their style is clear, masculine, and smooth, but not florid; for they avoid nothing more than multiplying unnecessary words, or using various expressions. I have perused many of their books, especially those in history and morality.

florid - florissant

multiplying - multiplier

Among the rest, I was much diverted with a little old treatise, which always lay in Glumdalclitch's bed chamber, and belonged to her governess, a grave elderly gentlewoman, who dealt in writings of morality and devotion. The book treats of the weakness of human kind, and is in little esteem, except among the women and the vulgar.

elderly - personnes âgées, vieux, ancien, âgé

dealt - traité, marché, affaire

devotion - la dévotion, dévouement, dévotion

treats - des friandises, négocier, traiter, régaler

However, I was curious to see what an author of that country could say upon such a subject.

This writer went through all the usual topics of European moralists, showing "how diminutive, contemptible, and helpless an animal was man in his own nature; how unable to defend himself from inclemencies of the air, or the fury of wild beasts: how much he was excelled by one creature in strength, by another in speed, by a third in foresight, by a fourth in industry.

Moralists - moralistes, moraliste

helpless - sans défense, désemparé

unable - incapable, inapte, inhabile

wild - sauvage, pétulant, grose

beasts - betes, bete, bete sauvage

excelled - excellé, dépasser

foresight - la prévoyance, clairvoyance, prévoyance, prescience

" He added, "that nature was degenerated in these latter declining ages of the world, and could now produce only small abortive births, in comparison of those in ancient times.

declining - en déclin, déclin

births - naissances, naissance

" He said "it was very reasonable to think, not only that the species of men were originally much larger, but also that there must have been giants in former ages; which, as it is asserted by history and tradition, so it has been confirmed by huge bones and skulls, casually dug up in several parts of the kingdom, far exceeding the common dwindled race of men in our days.

originally - a l'origine

giants - géants, géant

asserted - affirmée, affirmer, attester, asseoir

tradition - tradition

skulls - des crânes, crâne

casually - de rencontre

dug up - déterré

" He argued, "that the very laws of nature absolutely required we should have been made, in the beginning of a size more large and robust; not so liable to destruction from every little accident, of a tile falling from a house, or a stone cast from the hand of a boy, or being drowned in a little brook.

argued - argumenté, affirmer, débattre, se disputer, se quereller

drowned - noyé, noyer

brook - ruisseau

" From this way of reasoning, the author drew several moral applications, useful in the conduct of life, but needless here to repeat. For my own part, I could not avoid reflecting how universally this talent was spread, of drawing lectures in morality, or indeed rather matter of discontent and repining, from the quarrels we raise with nature.

applications - applications, application

needless - superflu, inutile

universally - universellement

talent - talent

lectures - des conférences, conférence, cours magistral

repining - repinage, (repin) repinage

And I believe, upon a strict inquiry, those quarrels might be shown as ill-grounded among us as they are among that people.

inquiry - demande, enquete

As to their military affairs, they boast that the king's army consists of a hundred and seventy-six thousand foot, and thirty-two thousand horse: if that may be called an army, which is made up of tradesmen in the several cities, and farmers in the country, whose commanders are only the nobility and gentry, without pay or reward.

tradesmen - les commerçants, artisan

commanders - commandants, commandant, commandante, commandeur

They are indeed perfect enough in their exercises, and under very good discipline, wherein I saw no great merit; for how should it be otherwise, where every farmer is under the command of his own landlord, and every citizen under that of the principal men in his own city, chosen after the manner of Venice, by ballot?

citizen - citoyen, citoyenne, habitant

Venice - venise

ballot - bulletin de vote, bulletin, votation

I have often seen the militia of Lorbrulgrud drawn out to exercise, in a great field near the city of twenty miles square. They were in all not above twenty-five thousand foot, and six thousand horse; but it was impossible for me to compute their number, considering the space of ground they took up. A cavalier, mounted on a large steed, might be about ninety feet high.

militia - milice

compute - computer, calculer

cavalier - nonchalant, cavalier, chevalier

steed - steed, coursier

I have seen this whole body of horse, upon a word of command, draw their swords at once, and brandish them in the air. Imagination can figure nothing so grand, so surprising, and so astonishing! it looked as if ten thousand flashes of lightning were darting at the same time from every quarter of the sky.

brandish - brandir

surprising - surprenant, étonnant, surprenante

astonishing - étonnante, étonner, surprendre

flashes - flashes, éclair, lueur

lightning - la foudre, éclair, éloise, foudre

darting - darting, dard, fleche

I was curious to know how this prince, to whose dominions there is no access from any other country, came to think of armies, or to teach his people the practice of military discipline.

armies - armées, armée

But I was soon informed, both by conversation and reading their histories; for, in the course of many ages, they have been troubled with the same disease to which the whole race of mankind is subject; the nobility often contending for power, the people for liberty, and the king for absolute dominion.

troubled - troublé, peine, mal, probleme, emmerde, fr

disease - maladie, mal

dominion - la domination, domination

All which, however happily tempered by the laws of that kingdom, have been sometimes violated by each of the three parties, and have more than once occasioned civil wars; the last whereof was happily put an end to by this prince's grand-father, in a general composition; and the militia, then settled with common consent, has been ever since kept in the strictest duty.

Happily - heureux, heureusement, par bonheur, joyeusement, gaiement

tempered - tempéré, caractere, tempérament, humeur, état d'esprit, recuit

violated - violé, violer, transgresser

occasioned - occasionné, occasion

CHAPTER VIII.

The king and queen make a progress to the frontiers. The author attends them. The manner in which he leaves the country very particularly related. He returns to England.

attends - assiste, assister a, suivre

I had always a strong impulse that I should some time recover my liberty, though it was impossible to conjecture by what means, or to form any project with the least hope of succeeding.

impulse - impulsion

succeeding - réussir, succéder, avoir du succes

The ship in which I sailed, was the first ever known to be driven within sight of that coast, and the king had given strict orders, that if at any time another appeared, it should be taken ashore, and with all its crew and passengers brought in a tumbril to Lorbrulgrud.

Sailed - navigué, voile

passengers - des passagers, passager

tumbril - tumbril, charrette, charrette des condamnés

He was strongly bent to get me a woman of my own size, by whom I might propagate the breed: but I think I should rather have died than undergone the disgrace of leaving a posterity to be kept in cages, like tame canary-birds, and perhaps, in time, sold about the kingdom, to persons of quality, for curiosities.

Canary - canari, jaune canari

I was indeed treated with much kindness: I was the favourite of a great king and queen, and the delight of the whole court; but it was upon such a foot as ill became the dignity of humankind. I could never forget those domestic pledges I had left behind me.

humankind - l'humanité

I wanted to be among people, with whom I could converse upon even terms, and walk about the streets and fields without being afraid of being trod to death like a frog or a young puppy. But my deliverance came sooner than I expected, and in a manner not very common; the whole story and circumstances of which I shall faithfully relate.

deliverance - la délivrance, délivrance

I had now been two years in this country; and about the beginning of the third, Glumdalclitch and I attended the king and queen, in a progress to the south coast of the kingdom. I was carried, as usual, in my travelling-box, which as I have already described, was a very convenient closet, of twelve feet wide.

And I had ordered a hammock to be fixed, by silken ropes from the four corners at the top, to break the jolts, when a servant carried me before him on horseback, as I sometimes desired; and would often sleep in my hammock, while we were upon the road.

corners - coins, coin, rencogner, piéger, acculer

jolts - des secousses, ballotter, cahoter, secouer, soubresaut

On the roof of my closet, not directly over the middle of the hammock, I ordered the joiner to cut out a hole of a foot square, to give me air in hot weather, as I slept; which hole I shut at pleasure with a board that drew backward and forward through a groove.

groove - rainure, sillon, routine, groove, puits

When we came to our journey's end, the king thought proper to pass a few days at a palace he has near Flanflasnic, a city within eighteen English miles of the seaside. Glumdalclitch and I were much fatigued: I had gotten a small cold, but the poor girl was so ill as to be confined to her chamber. I longed to see the ocean, which must be the only scene of my escape, if ever it should happen.

seaside - au bord de la mer, côte, rivage, littoral

fatigued - fatigué, fatigue, épuisement, corvée, fatiguer

I pretended to be worse than I really was, and desired leave to take the fresh air of the sea, with a page, whom I was very fond of, and who had sometimes been trusted with me.

I shall never forget with what unwillingness Glumdalclitch consented, nor the strict charge she gave the page to be careful of me, bursting at the same time into a flood of tears, as if she had some forboding of what was to happen. The boy took me out in my box, about half an hours walk from the palace, towards the rocks on the sea-shore.

bursting - l'éclatement, éclater, faire éclater, rompre, briser

flood - inondation, inonder, submerger, noyer

I ordered him to set me down, and lifting up one of my sashes, cast many a wistful melancholy look towards the sea. I found myself not very well, and told the page that I had a mind to take a nap in my hammock, which I hoped would do me good. I got in, and the boy shut the window close down, to Keep out the cold.

many a - Beaucoup de

wistful - nostalgique, bonjour

nap - sieste, petit somme

Keep out - écarter

I soon fell asleep, and all I can conjecture is, while I slept, the page, thinking no danger could happen, went among the rocks to look for birds'eggs, having before observed him from my window searching about, and picking up one or two in the clefts.

searching - a la recherche, recherche, chercher, fouiller

picking - le prélevement, (pic) le prélevement

clefts - fentes, fissure

Be that as it will, I found myself suddenly awaked with a violent pull upon the ring, which was fastened at the top of my box for the conveniency of carriage. I felt my box raised very high in the air, and then borne forward with prodigious speed. The first jolt had like to have shaken me out of my hammock, but afterward the motion was easy enough.

ring - anneau, cerne, ring, tinter

I called out several times, as loud as I could raise my voice, but all to no purpose. I looked towards my windows, and could see nothing but the clouds and sky.

clouds - nuages, s'obscurcir

I heard a noise just over my head, like the clapping of wings, and then began to perceive the woful condition I was in; that some eagle had got the ring of my box in his beak, with an intent to let it fall on a rock, like a tortoise in a shell, and then pick out my body, and devour it: for the sagacity and smell of this bird enables him to discover his quarry at a great distance, though better concealed than I could be within a two-inch board.

beak - bec

Tortoise - tortue

devour - dévorer

quarry - carriere

In a little time, I observed the noise and flutter of wings to increase very fast, and my box was tossed up and down, like a sign in a windy day.

flutter - flottement, faséyer, voleter, voltiger, battement

sign in - se connecter

windy - éventé

I heard several bangs or buffets, as I thought given to the eagle (for such I am certain it must have been that held the ring of my box in his beak), and then, all on a sudden, felt myself falling perpendicularly down, for above a minute, but with such incredible swiftness, that I almost lost my breath.

buffets - des buffets, claque

perpendicularly - perpendiculairement

My fall was stopped by a terrible squash, that sounded louder to my ears than the cataract of Niagara; after which, I was quite in the dark for another minute, and then my box began to rise so high, that I could see light from the tops of the windows. I now perceived I was fallen into the sea.

squash - la courge, potiron

cataract - cataracte

Niagara - Niagara

My box, by the weight of my body, the goods that were in, and the broad plates of iron fixed for strength at the four corners of the top and bottom, floated about five feet deep in water.

floated - flotté, flotter

I did then, and do now suppose, that the eagle which flew away with my box was pursued by two or three others, and forced to let me drop, while he defended himself against the rest, who hoped to share in the prey. The plates of iron fastened at the bottom of the box (for those were the strongest) preserved the balance while it fell, and hindered it from being broken on the surface of the water.

flew away - s'envoler

prey - la proie, butin, prise, proie

Every joint of it was well grooved; and the door did not move on hinges, but up and down like a sash, which kept my closet so tight that very little water came in. I got with much difficulty out of my hammock, having first ventured to draw back the slip-board on the roof already mentioned, contrived on purpose to let in air, for want of which I found myself almost stifled.

joint - conjoint, commun, articulation, rotule, jointure, assemblage

grooved - rainuré, rainure, sillon, routine, groove, puits

How often did I then wish myself with my dear Glumdalclitch, from whom one single hour had so far divided me! And I may say with truth, that in the midst of my own misfortunes I could not forbear lamenting my poor nurse, the grief she would suffer for my loss, the displeasure of the queen, and the ruin of her fortune.

lamenting - se lamenter, lamentant, (lament), lamentation, complainte

Perhaps many travellers have not been under greater difficulties and distress than I was at this juncture, expecting every moment to see my box dashed to pieces, or at least overset by the first violent blast, or rising wave.

blast - explosion, souffle

wave - vague, brandir, onde, flottge

A breach in one single pane of glass would have been immediate death: nor could any thing have preserved the windows, but the strong lattice wires placed on the outside, against accidents in travelling. I saw the water ooze in at several crannies, although the leaks were not considerable, and I endeavoured to stop them as well as I could.

pane - panneau, vitre

immediate - immédiate, immédiat, proche

lattice - treillis, quadrillage, grille, lattis, réseau, treillage

wires - fils, fil

ooze - suintements, suinter

crannies - des recoins, rench: -neededr

leaks - des fuites, fuite, voie d'eau, taupe, fuir

I was not able to lift up the roof of my closet, which otherwise I certainly should have done, and sat on the top of it; where I might at least preserve myself some hours longer, than by being shut up (as I may call it) in the hold. Or if I escaped these dangers for a day or two, what could I expect but a miserable death of cold and hunger?

I was four hours under these circumstances, expecting, and indeed wishing, every moment to be my last.

wishing - souhaitant, désirant, (wish), souhait, souhaiter, espérer

I have already told the reader that there were two strong staples fixed upon that side of my box which had no window, and into which the servant, who used to carry me on horseback, would put a leathern belt, and buckle it about his waist.

buckle - boucle, boucler, bouclent, bouclez, bouclons

Being in this disconsolate state, I heard, or at least thought I heard, some kind of grating noise on that side of my box where the staples were fixed; and soon after I began to fancy that the box was pulled or towed along the sea; for I now and then felt a sort of tugging, which made the waves rise near the tops of my windows, leaving me almost in the dark.

disconsolate - inconsolable

grating - grinçant, grille, (grate) grinçant

towed - remorqué, remorquer

tugging - tiraillements, (tug), tirer, remorquer, tirement

This gave me some faint hopes of relief, although I was not able to imagine how it could be brought about.

brought about - Engendré

I ventured to unscrew one of my chairs, which were always fastened to the floor; and having made a hard shift to screw it down again, directly under the slipping-board that I had lately opened, I mounted on the chair, and putting my mouth as near as I could to the hole, I called for help in a loud voice, and in all the languages I understood.

unscrew - dévisser

I then fastened my handkerchief to a stick I usually carried, and thrusting it up the hole, waved it several times in the air, that if any boat or ship were near, the seamen might conjecture some unhappy mortal to be shut up in the box.

thrusting - poussée, (thrust), estocade, propulser

I found no effect from all I could do, but plainly perceived my closet to be moved along; and in the space of an hour, or better, that side of the box where the staples were, and had no windows, struck against something that was hard. I apprehended it to be a rock, and found myself tossed more than ever.

I plainly heard a noise upon the cover of my closet, like that of a cable, and the grating of it as it passed through the ring. I then found myself hoisted up, by degrees, at least three feet higher than I was before. Whereupon I again thrust up my stick and handkerchief, calling for help till I was almost hoarse.

passed through - Passé a travers

hoisted - hissé, hisser

thrust - estocade, poussée, propulser

hoarse - rauque, rugueux

In return to which, I heard a great shout repeated three times, giving me such transports of joy as are not to be conceived but by those who feel them. I now heard a trampling over my head, and somebody calling through the hole with a loud voice, in the English tongue, "If there be any body below, let them speak.

" I answered, "I was an Englishman, drawn by ill fortune into the greatest calamity that ever any creature underwent, and begged, by all that was moving, to be delivered out of the dungeon I was in." The voice replied, "I was safe, for my box was fastened to their ship; and the carpenter should immediately come and saw a hole in the cover, large enough to pull me out.

Englishman - Anglais

calamity - calamité

dungeon - oubliette, donjon, cachot

Carpenter - menuisier, menuisiere, charpentier, charpentiere

" I answered, "that was needless, and would take up too much time; for there was no more to be done, but let one of the crew put his finger into the ring, and take the box out of the sea into the ship, and so into the captain's cabin.

cabin - cabane, cabine

" Some of them, upon hearing me talk so wildly, thought I was mad: others laughed; for indeed it never came into my head, that I was now got among people of my own stature and strength. The carpenter came, and in a few minutes sawed a passage about four feet square, then let down a small ladder, upon which I mounted, and thence was taken into the ship in a very weak condition.

wildly - sauvage, sauvagement

mad - fou, folle, fol, fâché, en colere

sawed - scié

The sailors were all in amazement, and asked me a thousand questions, which I had no inclination to answer. I was equally confounded at the sight of so many pigmies, for such I took them to be, after having so long accustomed mine eyes to the monstrous objects I had left. But the captain, Mr.

amazement - l'étonnement, stupéfaction, stupeur

Thomas Wilcocks, an honest worthy Shropshire man, observing I was ready to faint, took me into his cabin, gave me a cordial to comfort me, and made me turn in upon his own bed, advising me to take a little rest, of which I had great need.

Shropshire - Shropshire

cordial - cordial, sirop

turn in - se rendre

advising - conseiller, renseigner

Before I went to sleep, I gave him to understand that I had some valuable furniture in my box, too good to be lost: a fine hammock, a handsome field-bed, two chairs, a table, and a cabinet; that my closet was hung on all sides, or rather quilted, with silk and cotton; that if he would let one of the crew bring my closet into his cabin, I would open it there before him, and show him my goods.

valuable - de valeur, précieux, valeur

handsome - beau

The captain, hearing me utter these absurdities, concluded I was raving; however (I suppose to pacify me) he promised to give order as I desired, and going upon deck, sent some of his men down into my closet, whence (as I afterwards found) they drew up all my goods, and stripped off the quilting; but the chairs, cabinet, and bedstead, being screwed to the floor, were much damaged by the ignorance of the seamen, who tore them up by force. Then they knocked off some of the boards for the use of the ship, and when they had got all they had a mind for, let the hull drop into the sea, which by reason of many breaches made in the bottom and sides, sunk to rights. And, indeed, I was glad not to have been a spectator of the havoc they made, because I am confident it would have sensibly touched me, by bringing former passages into my mind, which I would rather have forgot.

pacify - pacifier

deck - Le pont

stripped off - dépouillé

bedstead - le sommier, châlit

tore - a la déchirure

knocked off - Faire tomber

boards - des planches, planche

hull - coque, Hull

breaches - des infractions, infraction, violation, breche, brouille

sunk - coulé, enfoncés, enfoncé, enfoncées, enfoncée

spectator - spectateur, spectatrice, badaud, badaude

havoc - le chaos, chaos, dévastation, bazar

sensibly - raisonnablement

touched - touché, toucher, émouvoir, contact

I slept some hours, but perpetually disturbed with dreams of the place I had left, and the dangers I had escaped. However, upon waking, I found myself much recovered. It was now about eight o'clock at night, and the captain ordered supper immediately, thinking I had already fasted too long.

dreams - reves, reve, t+songe, t+voeu, t+souhait, t+vou

supper - dîner, souper

He entertained me with great kindness, observing me not to look wildly, or talk inconsistently: and, when we were left alone, desired I would give him a relation of my travels, and by what accident I came to be set adrift, in that monstrous wooden chest.

inconsistently - de maniere incohérente

He said "that about twelve o'clock at noon, as he was looking through his glass, he spied it at a distance, and thought it was a sail, which he had a mind to make, being not much out of his course, in hopes of buying some biscuit, his own beginning to fall short.

looking through - Regarder a travers

fall short - n'est pas a la hauteur

That upon coming nearer, and finding his error, he sent out his long-boat to discover what it was; that his men came back in a fright, swearing they had seen a swimming house. That he laughed at their folly, and went himself in the boat, ordering his men to take a strong cable along with them.

swearing - jurant, (swear) jurant

That the weather being calm, he rowed round me several times, observed my windows and wire lattices that defended them. That he discovered two staples upon one side, which was all of boards, without any passage for light. He then commanded his men to row up to that side, and fastening a cable to one of the staples, ordered them to tow my chest, as they called it, toward the ship.

lattices - treillis, quadrillage, grille, lattis, réseau

tow - remorquer, traîner, remorquent, tirage, remorquez

When it was there, he gave directions to fasten another cable to the ring fixed in the cover, and to raise up my chest with pulleys, which all the sailors were not able to do above two or three feet." He said, "they saw my stick and handkerchief thrust out of the hole, and concluded that some unhappy man must be shut up in the cavity.

fasten - attacher, fixer

thrust out - la poussée

cavity - cavité, carie

" I asked, "whether he or the crew had seen any prodigious birds in the air, about the time he first discovered me.

" To which he answered, "that discoursing this matter with the sailors while I was asleep, one of them said, he had observed three eagles flying towards the north, but remarked nothing of their being larger than the usual size:" which I suppose must be imputed to the great height they were at; and he could not guess the reason of my question.

eagles - les aigles, aigle, eagle, réussir un aigle

remarked - remarqué, remarque

imputed - imputé, imputer

I then asked the captain, "how far he reckoned we might be from land?" He said, "by the best computation he could make, we were at least a hundred leagues." I assured him, "that he must be mistaken by almost half, for I had not left the country whence I came above two hours before I dropped into the sea.

be mistaken - se tromper

" Whereupon he began again to think that my brain was disturbed, of which he gave me a hint, and advised me to go to bed in a cabin he had provided. I assured him, "I was well refreshed with his good entertainment and company, and as much in my senses as ever I was in my life.

hint - indice, indication, soupçon, faire allusion

refreshed - rafraîchie, revigorer, rafraîchir

senses - sens, acception, sentir

" He then grew serious, and desired to ask me freely, "whether I were not troubled in my mind by the consciousness of some enormous crime, for which I was punished, at the command of some prince, by exposing me in that chest; as great criminals, in other countries, have been forced to sea in a leaky vessel, without provisions: for although he should be sorry to have taken so ill a man into his ship, yet he would engage his word to set me safe ashore, in the first port where we arrived." He added, "that his suspicions were much increased by some very absurd speeches I had delivered at first to his sailors, and afterwards to himself, in relation to my closet or chest, as well as by my odd looks and behaviour while I was at supper."

serious - sérieux

consciousness - la conscience, conscience

exposing - exposer, dénoncer

leaky - fuyant

be sorry - etre désolé

suspicions - des soupçons, suspicion, soupçon

I begged his patience to hear me tell my story, which I faithfully did, from the last time I left England, to the moment he first discovered me. And, as truth always forces its way into rational minds, so this honest worthy gentleman, who had some tincture of learning, and very good sense, was immediately convinced of my candour and veracity.

candour - candeur

But further to confirm all I had said, I entreated him to give order that my cabinet should be brought, of which I had the key in my pocket; for he had already informed me how the seamen disposed of my closet. I opened it in his own presence, and showed him the small collection of rarities I made in the country from which I had been so strangely delivered.

disposed of - éliminé

collection - collection, ramassage

strangely - étrangement

There was the comb I had contrived out of the stumps of the king's beard, and another of the same materials, but fixed into a paring of her majesty's thumb-nail, which served for the back.

paring - paring, (par) paring

There was a collection of needles and pins, from a foot to half a yard long; four wasp stings, like joiner's tacks; some combings of the queen's hair; a gold ring, which one day she made me a present of, in a most obliging manner, taking it from her little finger, and throwing it over my head like a collar.

pins - épingles, épingle

wasp - guepe, guepe

most obliging - le plus obligeant

throwing - jetant, (throw) jetant

I desired the captain would please to accept this ring in return for his civilities; which he absolutely refused. I showed him a corn that I had cut off with my own hand, from a maid of honour's toe; it was about the bigness of Kentish pippin, and grown so hard, that when I returned England, I got it hollowed into a cup, and set in silver.

Accept - accepter, accepter (de), prendre sur soi, endurer patiemment

ring in - sonner

Kentish - Kentish

hollowed - creusé, creux

Lastly, I desired him to see the breeches I had then on, which were made of a mouse's skin.

I could force nothing on him but a footman's tooth, which I observed him to examine with great curiosity, and found he had a fancy for it. He received it with abundance of thanks, more than such a trifle could deserve. It was drawn by an unskilful surgeon, in a mistake, from one of Glumdalclitch's men, who was afflicted with the tooth-ache, but it was as sound as any in his head.

footman - valet de pied, laquais

examine - examiner

abundance - l'abondance, abondance

trifle - bagatelle, broutille, babiole, bricole

unskilful - malhabile

afflicted with - Atteints de

ache - mal, diuleur

I got it cleaned, and put it into my cabinet. It was about a foot long, and four inches in diameter.

The captain was very well satisfied with this plain relation I had given him, and said, "he hoped, when we returned to England, I would oblige the world by putting it on paper, and making it public.

oblige - imposer, obliger, etre redevable a

" My answer was, "that we were overstocked with books of travels: that nothing could now pass which was not extraordinary; wherein I doubted some authors less consulted truth, than their own vanity, or interest, or the diversion of ignorant readers; that my story could contain little beside common events, without those ornamental descriptions of strange plants, trees, birds, and other animals; or of the barbarous customs and idolatry of savage people, with which most writers abound. However, I thanked him for his good opinion, and promised to take the matter into my thoughts."

doubted - douté, douter, doute

ornamental - ornemental, ornementale

barbarous - barbare

idolatry - l'idolâtrie, idolâtrie

He said "he wondered at one thing very much, which was, to hear me speak so loud;" asking me "whether the king or queen of that country were thick of hearing?" I told him, "it was what I had been used to for above two years past, and that I admired as much at the voices of him and his men, who seemed to me only to whisper, and yet I could hear them well enough.

voices - voix

But, when I spoke in that country, it was like a man talking in the streets, to another looking out from the top of a steeple, unless when I was placed on a table, or held in any person's hand.

" I told him, "I had likewise observed another thing, that, when I first got into the ship, and the sailors stood all about me, I thought they were the most little contemptible creatures I had ever beheld.

" For indeed, while I was in that prince's country, I could never endure to look in a glass, after mine eyes had been accustomed to such prodigious objects, because the comparison gave me so despicable a conceit of myself.

despicable - abject, détestable, méprisable

conceit - la vanité, vanité, orgueil, concept

The captain said, "that while we were at supper, he observed me to look at every thing with a sort of wonder, and that I often seemed hardly able to contain my laughter, which he knew not well how to take, but imputed it to some disorder in my brain.

disorder - désordre, trouble

" I answered, "it was very true; and I wondered how I could forbear, when I saw his dishes of the size of a silver three-pence, a leg of pork hardly a mouthful, a cup not so big as a nut-shell;" and so I went on, describing the rest of his household-stuff and provisions, after the same manner.

leg of pork - un gigot de porc

For, although he queen had ordered a little equipage of all things necessary for me, while I was in her service, yet my ideas were wholly taken up with what I saw on every side of me, and I winked at my own littleness, as people do at their own faults.

winked - clin d'oil, faire un clin d'oil (a)

faults - défauts, défaut, faute, faille

The captain understood my raillery very well, and merrily replied with the old English proverb, "that he doubted mine eyes were bigger than my belly, for he did not observe my stomach so good, although I had fasted all day;" and, continuing in his mirth, protested "he would have gladly given a hundred pounds, to have seen my closet in the eagle's bill, and afterwards in its fall from so great a height into the sea; which would certainly have been a most astonishing object, worthy to have the description of it transmitted to future ages:" and the comparison of Phaëton was so obvious, that he could not forbear applying it, although I did not much admire the conceit.

raillery - persiflage

merrily - joyeusement, gaiement

proverb - proverbe

most astonishing - le plus étonnant

applying - s'appliquant, appliquer (sur)

admire - admirer

The captain having been at Tonquin, was, in his return to England, driven north-eastward to the latitude of 44 degrees, and longitude of 143. But meeting a trade-wind two days after I came on board him, we sailed southward a long time, and coasting New Holland, kept our course west-south-west, and then south-south-west, till we doubled the Cape of Good Hope.

Longitude - longitude

trade-wind - (trade-wind) l'alizé

coasting - en roue libre, (coast) en roue libre

Holland - la hollande, Hollande

Our voyage was very prosperous, but I shall not trouble the reader with a journal of it. The captain called in at one or two ports, and sent in his long-boat for provisions and fresh water; but I never went out of the ship till we came into the Downs, which was on the third day of June, 1706, about nine months after my escape.

sent in - envoyé

I offered to leave my goods in security for payment of my freight: but the captain protested he would not receive one farthing. We took a kind leave of each other, and I made him promise he would come to see me at my house in Redriff. I hired a horse and guide for five shillings, which I borrowed of the captain.

freight - le fret, fret

farthing - farthing

Guide - guide, conduire, guider, guident, diriger, guidez, mener

shillings - shillings, shilling

borrowed - emprunté, emprunter

As I was on the road, observing the littleness of the houses, the trees, the cattle, and the people, I began to think myself in Lilliput. I was afraid of trampling on every traveller I met, and often called aloud to have them stand out of the way, so that I had like to have gotten one or two broken heads for my impertinence.

heads for - tetes pour

When I came to my own house, for which I was forced to inquire, one of the servants opening the door, I bent down to go in, (like a goose under a gate,) for fear of striking my head. My wife run out to embrace me, but I stooped lower than her knees, thinking she could otherwise never be able to reach my mouth.

goose - l'oie, oie

striking - frappant, éclatant, (strike), biffer, rayer, barrer, frapper

Embrace - étreindre, embrasser, accolade, embrassement, embrassade

stooped - vouté, se baisser

My daughter kneeled to ask my blessing, but I could not see her till she arose, having been so long used to stand with my head and eyes erect to above sixty feet; and then I went to take her up with one hand by the waist. I looked down upon the servants, and one or two friends who were in the house, as if they had been pigmies and I a giant.

kneeled - a genoux, agenouiller

blessing - la bénédiction, bénédiction, grâce, troupeau, harde

arose - s'est élevé, se lever, relever

giant - géant

I told my wife, "she had been too thrifty, for I found she had starved herself and her daughter to nothing." In short, I behaved myself so unaccountably, that they were all of the captain's opinion when he first saw me, and concluded I had lost my wits. This I mention as an instance of the great power of habit and prejudice.

thrifty - économe

starved - affamés, mourir de faim, crever de faim

behaved - s'est-elle comportée, comporter

unaccountably - de façon inexplicable

great power - grande puissance

prejudice - préjugés, préjugé, idée préconçue, préjudice

In a little time, I and my family and friends came to a right understanding: but my wife protested "I should never go to sea any more;" although my evil destiny so ordered, that she had not power to hinder me, as the reader may know hereafter. In the mean time, I here conclude the second part of my unfortunate voyages.

destiny - destin, destinée, sort

unfortunate - malheureux, infortuné, malencontreux

PART III. A VOYAGE TO LAPUTA, BALNIBARBI, LUGGNAGG, GLUBBDUBDRIB, AND JAPAN.

CHAPTER I.

The author sets out on his third voyage. Is taken by pirates. The malice of a Dutchman. His arrival at an island. He is received into Laputa.

sets out - se met en place

pirates - pirates, pirate, corsaire, boucanier, pirater

Dutchman - Néerlandais, Hollandais

I had not been at home above ten days, when Captain William Robinson, a Cornish man, commander of the Hopewell, a stout ship of three hundred tons, came to my house. I had formerly been surgeon of another ship where he was master, and a fourth part owner, in a voyage to the Levant.

stout - stout, solide

part owner - propriétaire partiel

He had always treated me more like a brother, than an inferior officer; and, hearing of my arrival, made me a visit, as I apprehended only out of friendship, for nothing passed more than what is usual after long absences. But repeating his visits often, expressing his joy to find I me in good health, asking, "whether I were now settled for life?

officer - agent, fonctionnaire, officier, officiere

absences - absences, absence, manque

" adding, "that he intended a voyage to the East Indies in two months," at last he plainly invited me, though with some apologies, to be surgeon of the ship; "that I should have another surgeon under me, beside our two mates; that my salary should be double to the usual pay; and that having experienced my knowledge in sea-affairs to be at least equal to his, he would enter into any engagement to follow my advice, as much as if I had shared in the command."

apologies - des excuses, excuse, apologie

mates - les copains, (s')accoupler

enter into - entrer

engagement - l'engagement, fiançailles

He said so many other obliging things, and I knew him to be so honest a man, that I could not reject this proposal; the thirst I had of seeing the world, notwithstanding my past misfortunes, continuing as violent as ever. The only difficulty that remained, was to persuade my wife, whose consent however I at last obtained, by the prospect of advantage she proposed to her children.

reject - rejeter

persuade - persuader, convaincre

We set out the 5th day of August, 1706, and arrived at Fort St. George the 11th of April, 1707. We staid there three weeks to refresh our crew, many of whom were sick. From thence we went to Tonquin, where the captain resolved to continue some time, because many of the goods he intended to buy were not ready, nor could he expect to be dispatched in several months.

fort - fort

George - george, Georges, Jorioz

refresh - revigorer, rafraîchir

Therefore, in hopes to defray some of the charges he must be at, he bought a sloop, loaded it with several sorts of goods, wherewith the Tonquinese usually trade to the neighbouring islands, and putting fourteen men on board, whereof three were of the country, he appointed me master of the sloop, and gave me power to traffic, while he transacted his affairs at Tonquin.

defray - défrayer

sloop - sloop

loaded - chargé, charge, chargement

sorts - sortes, sorte

transacted - transacté, traiter

We had not sailed above three days, when a great storm arising, we were driven five days to the north-north-east, and then to the east: after which we had fair weather, but still with a pretty strong gale from the west.

arising - qui en découle, (arise), se lever, surgir, apparaitre, naitre

Upon the tenth day we were chased by two pirates, who soon overtook us; for my sloop was so deep laden, that she sailed very slow, neither were we in a condition to defend ourselves.

tenth - dixieme, dixieme ('before the noun'), ('in names of monarchs and popes') dix ('after the name') ('abbreviation' X)

chased - poursuivis, poursuivre, courir apres

overtook - dépasser, doubler, surprendre

We were boarded about the same time by both the pirates, who entered furiously at the head of their men; but finding us all prostrate upon our faces (for so I gave order), they pinioned us with strong ropes, and setting guard upon us, went to search the sloop.

boarded - embarqué, planche

furiously - furieusement

prostrate - prostrée, prosterner

I observed among them a Dutchman, who seemed to be of some authority, though he was not commander of either ship. He knew us by our countenances to be Englishmen, and jabbering to us in his own language, swore we should be tied back to back and thrown into the sea.

Englishmen - des anglais, Anglais

jabbering - jacasser, (jabber) jacasser

I spoken Dutch tolerably well; I told him who we were, and begged him, in consideration of our being Christians and Protestants, of neighbouring countries in strict alliance, that he would move the captains to take some pity on us.

consideration - considération, checkraison, checkmotif, checkrécompense

Christians - les chrétiens, chrétien, chrétienne, Christian

Protestants - les protestants, protestant, protestante

alliance - l'alliance, alliance

This inflamed his rage; he repeated his threatenings, and turning to his companions, spoke with great vehemence in the Japanese language, as I suppose, often using the word Christianos.

inflamed - enflammée, allumer

Japanese language - La langue japonaise

The largest of the two pirate ships was commanded by a Japanese captain, who spoke a little Dutch, but very imperfectly. He came up to me, and after several questions, which I answered in great humility, he said, "we should not die." I made the captain a very low bow, and then, turning to the Dutchman, said, "I was sorry to find more mercy in a heathen, than in a brother christian.

pirate - pirate, corsaire, boucanier, pirater, piraté

Japanese - japonais, Japonaise, Nippon, Nippone

humility - l'humilité, humilité

heathen - paien, paien, paienne, infidele, checkpaien

Christian - chrétien, chrétienne, Christian

" But I had soon reason to repent those foolish words: for that malicious reprobate, having often endeavoured in vain to persuade both the captains that I might be thrown into the sea (which they would not yield to, after the promise made me that I should not die), however, prevailed so far, as to have a punishment inflicted on me, worse, in all human appearance, than death itself.

repent - se repentir, repentir, repentez, repentons, repentent

reprobate - réprouvé

yield - le rendement, rends, produit, rendement, rendons, rendent

appearance - l'apparence, apparition, apparence, comparution

My men were sent by an equal division into both the pirate ships, and my sloop new manned. As to myself, it was determined that I should be set adrift in a small canoe, with paddles and a sail, and four days'provisions; which last, the Japanese captain was so kind to double out of his own stores, and would permit no man to search me.

Division - la division, division

canoe - canoë

I got down into the canoe, while the Dutchman, standing upon the deck, loaded me with all the curses and injurious terms his language could afford.

deck - pont

curses - des malédictions, maudire

injurious - préjudiciable

afford - se permettre, offrir

About an hour before we saw the pirates I had taken an observation, and found we were in the latitude of 46 N. and longitude of 183. When I was at some distance from the pirates, I discovered, by my pocket-glass, several islands to the south-east. I set up my sail, the wind being fair, with a design to reach the nearest of those islands, which I made a shift to do, in about three hours.

It was all rocky: however I got many birds'eggs; and, striking fire, I kindled some heath and dry sea-weed, by which I roasted my eggs. I ate no other supper, being resolved to spare my provisions as much as I could. I passed the night under the shelter of a rock, strewing some heath under me, and slept pretty well.

Heath - heath, lande, bruyere

weed - l'herbe, sarcler, cibiche, (wee) l'herbe

Roasted - rôti, rôtir, incendier, bien-cuit

passed the night - passé la nuit

strewing - strewing, (strew), parsemer, joncher

The next day I sailed to another island, and thence to a third and fourth, sometimes using my sail, and sometimes my paddles. But, not to trouble the reader with a particular account of my distresses, let it suffice, that on the fifth day I arrived at the last island in my sight, which lay south-south-east to the former.

distresses - des détresses, détresse

This island was at a greater distance than I expected, and I did not reach it in less than five hours. I encompassed it almost round, before I could find a convenient place to land in; which was a small creek, about three times the wideness of my canoe. I found the island to be all rocky, only a little intermingled with tufts of grass, and sweet-smelling herbs.

wideness - largeur

tufts - des touffes, touffe

herbs - des herbes, herbe, herbes-p, plante médicinale

I took out my small provisions and after having refreshed myself, I secured the remainder in a cave, whereof there were great numbers; I gathered plenty of eggs upon the rocks, and got a quantity of dry sea-weed, and parched grass, which I designed to kindle the next day, and roast my eggs as well as I could, for I had about me my flint, steel, match, and burning-glass.

cave - grotte, antre, creux

parched - desséché, assoiffer

roast - rôtir, incendier, rôti, bien-cuit

Flint - flint, silex, pierre a fusil, pierre a briquet

steel - l'acier, acier

burning - bruler, brulant, ardent, brulage, (burn) bruler

I lay all night in the cave where I had lodged my provisions. My bed was the same dry grass and sea-weed which I intended for fuel. I slept very little, for the disquiets of my mind prevailed over my weariness, and kept me awake.

lodged - déposé, cabane, maison du portier, loge, rench: -neededr, loger

fuel - carburant, combustible, alimenter, attiser

awake - éveillé, (se) réveiller, (s')éveiller

I considered how impossible it was to preserve my life in so desolate a place, and how miserable my end must be: yet found myself so listless and desponding, that I had not the heart to rise; and before I could get spirits enough to creep out of my cave, the day was far advanced.

listless - sans voix, apathique, indolent

desponding - découragé, (despond), se décourager

I walked awhile among the rocks: the sky was perfectly clear, and the sun so hot, that I was forced to turn my face from it: when all on a sudden it became obscure, as I thought, in a manner very different from what happens by the interposition of a cloud.

obscure - obscure, obscur, sibyllin, obscurcir

interposition - interposition

cloud - nuage, s'obscurcir

I turned back, and perceived a vast opaque body between me and the sun moving forwards towards the island: it seemed to be about two miles high, and hid the sun six or seven minutes; but I did not observe the air to be much colder, or the sky more darkened, than if I had stood under the shade of a mountain.

opaque - opaque

darkened - assombri, obscurcir, assombrir, foncer

shade - ombre, store, nuance, ton, esprit, ombrager, faire de l'ombre

As it approached nearer over the place where I was, it appeared to be a firm substance, the bottom flat, smooth, and shining very bright, from the reflection of the sea below. I stood upon a height about two hundred yards from the shore, and saw this vast body descending almost to a parallel with me, at less than an English mile distance.

approached - approché, (s')approcher (de)

shining - brillant, tibia

I took out my pocket perspective, and could plainly discover numbers of people moving up and down the sides of it, which appeared to be sloping; but what those people where doing I was not able to distinguish.

moving up - de monter en grade

sloping - en pente, pente, inclinaison

The natural love of life gave me some inward motion of joy, and I was ready to entertain a hope that this adventure might, some way or other, help to deliver me from the desolate place and condition I was in.

love of life - l'amour de la vie

inward - vers l'intérieur, intérieur

But at the same time the reader can hardly conceive my astonishment, to behold an island in the air, inhabited by men, who were able (as it should seem) to raise or sink, or put it into progressive motion, as they pleased.

sink - couler, s'enfoncer, évier, lavabo

progressive - progressif

But not being at that time in a disposition to philosophise upon this phenomenon, I rather chose to observe what course the island would take, because it seemed for awhile to stand still. Yet soon after, it advanced nearer, and I could see the sides of it encompassed with several gradations of galleries, and stairs, at certain intervals, to descend from one to the other.

philosophise - philosopher

phenomenon - phénomene, phénomene

stand still - rester immobile

galleries - galeries, galerie, balcon

intervals - intervalles, intervalle

descend from - descendre de

In the lowest gallery, I beheld some people fishing with long angling rods, and others looking on. I waved my cap (for my hat was long since worn out) and my handkerchief toward the island; and upon its nearer approach, I called and shouted with the utmost strength of my voice; and then looking circumspectly, I beheld a crowd gather to that side which was most in my view.

rods - tiges, tige, canne a peche, verges, verge

cap - cap, bonnet, calotte, casquette, toque, képi

circumspectly - avec circonspection

gather - rassembler, ramasser, recueillir, déduire

I found by their pointing towards me and to each other, that they plainly discovered me, although they made no return to my shouting. But I could see four or five men running in great haste, up the stairs, to the top of the island, who then disappeared. I happened rightly to conjecture, that these were sent for orders to some person in authority upon this occasion.

disappeared - a disparu, disparaître

The number of people increased, and, in less than half all hour, the island was moved and raised in such a manner, that the lowest gallery appeared in a parallel of less then a hundred yards distance from the height where I stood. I then put myself in the most supplicating posture, and spoke in the humblest accent, but received no answer.

humblest - le plus humble, humble

Those who stood nearest over against me, seemed to be persons of distinction, as I supposed by their habit. They conferred earnestly with each other, looking often upon me.

earnestly - sincerement, sérieusement

At length one of them called out in a clear, polite, smooth dialect, not unlike in sound to the Italian: and therefore I returned an answer in that language, hoping at least that the cadence might be more agreeable to his ears. Although neither of us understood the other, yet my meaning was easily known, for the people saw the distress I was in.

cadence - cadence

They made signs for me to come down from the rock, and go towards the shore, which I accordingly did; and the flying island being raised to a convenient height, the verge directly over me, a chain was let down from the lowest gallery, with a seat fastened to the bottom, to which I fixed myself, and was drawn up by pulleys.

verge - verge, bord

CHAPTER II.

The humours and dispositions of the Laputians described. An account of their learning. Of the king and his court. The author's reception there. The inhabitants subject to fear and disquietudes. An account of the women.

humours - les humeurs, humour, humeur, disposition, amadouer

disquietudes - inquiétudes, angoisse, affres, anxiété, stress, souci, chagrin

At my alighting, I was surrounded with a crowd of people, but those who stood nearest seemed to be of better quality. They beheld me with all the marks and circumstances of wonder; neither indeed was I much in their debt, having never till then seen a race of mortals so singular in their shapes, habits, and countenances.

alighting - descendre (de)

surrounded - entouré, entourer, enceindre

debt - de la dette, dette

shapes - formes, forme

Their heads were all reclined, either to the right, or the left; one of their eyes turned inward, and the other directly up to the zenith. Their outward garments were adorned with the figures of suns, moons, and stars; interwoven with those of fiddles, flutes, harps, trumpets, guitars, harpsichords, and many other instruments of music, unknown to us in Europe.

zenith - zénith

garments - vetements, vetement

fiddles - des violons, tripoter

flutes - flutes, flute

harpsichords - clavecins, clavecin

I observed, here and there, many in the habit of servants, with a blown bladder, fastened like a flail to the end of a stick, which they carried in their hands. In each bladder was a small quantity of dried peas, or little pebbles, as I was afterwards informed.

blown - soufflé, coup

bladder - vésicule, vessie, cubi

flail - fléau, fléau d’armes, battre, passer a tabac, rosser

dried - séché, sec, anhydre, sécher, tfaire sécher

peas - pois, (pea) pois

pebbles - des cailloux, galet, gravillon

With these bladders, they now and then flapped the mouths and ears of those who stood near them, of which practice I could not then conceive the meaning.

bladders - vessies, vésicule, vessie, cubi

flapped - battu, pan

It seems the minds of these people are so taken up with intense speculations, that they neither can speak, nor attend to the discourses of others, without being roused by some external taction upon the organs of speech and hearing; for which reason, those persons who are able to afford it always keep a flapper (the original is climenole) in their family, as one of their domestics; nor ever walk abroad, or make visits, without him. And the business of this officer is, when two, three, or more persons are in company, gently to strike with his bladder the mouth of him who is to speak, and the right ear of him or them to whom the speaker addresses himself. This flapper is likewise employed diligently to attend his master in his walks, and upon occasion to give him a soft flap on his eyes; because he is always so wrapped up in cogitation, that he is in manifest danger of falling down every precipice, and bouncing his head against every post; and in the streets, of justling others, or being justled himself into the kennel.

intense - intense

attend to - s'occuper

external - externe

taction - taction

organs - organes, organe, orgue

flapper - adolescente

speaker - l'orateur, parleur, parleuse

cogitation - cogitation

falling down - en train de tomber

precipice - le précipice, précipice

bouncing - rebondir, rebond

justling - justling, (justle) justling

kennel - chenil, niche

It was necessary to give the reader this information, without which he would be at the same loss with me to understand the proceedings of these people, as they conducted me up the stairs to the top of the island, and from thence to the royal palace.

conducted - conduite, comportement, se comporter, conduire, mener

While we were ascending, they forgot several times what they were about, and left me to myself, till their memories were again roused by their flappers; for they appeared altogether unmoved by the sight of my foreign habit and countenance, and by the shouts of the vulgar, whose thoughts and minds were more disengaged.

ascending - ascendante, monter

memories - des souvenirs, mémoire, souvenir

shouts - crie, cri

disengaged - désengagé, désengager

At last we entered the palace, and proceeded into the chamber of presence, where I saw the king seated on his throne, attended on each side by persons of prime quality. Before the throne, was a large table filled with globes and spheres, and mathematical instruments of all kinds.

seated - assis, place, siege, assise, séant, fond

throne - trône

spheres - spheres, sphere, boule

His majesty took not the least notice of us, although our entrance was not without sufficient noise, by the concourse of all persons belonging to the court. But he was then deep in a problem; and we attended at least an hour, before he could solve it.

entrance - entrée, cochere

solve - résoudre, régler, solutionner

There stood by him, on each side, a young page with flaps in their hands, and when they saw he was at leisure, one of them gently struck his mouth, and the other his right ear; at which he startled like one awaked on the sudden, and looking towards me and the company I was in, recollected the occasion of our coming, whereof he had been informed before.

flaps - les volets, pan

startled - surpris, sursauter, surprendre

recollected - rappelée, se souvenir de

He spoke some words, whereupon immediately a young man with a flap came up to my side, and flapped me gently on the right ear; but I made signs, as well as I could, that I had no occasion for such an instrument; which, as I afterwards found, gave his majesty, and the whole court, a very mean opinion of my understanding.

flap - volet, valvaire

The king, as far as I could conjecture, asked me several questions, and I addressed myself to him in all the languages I had. When it was found I could neither understand nor be understood, I was conducted by his order to an apartment in his palace (this prince being distinguished above all his predecessors for his hospitality to strangers), where two servants were appointed to attend me.

predecessors - prédécesseurs, prédécesseur, prédécesseuse, prédécessrice

My dinner was brought, and four persons of quality, whom I remembered to have seen very near the king's person, did me the honour to dine with me. We had two courses, of three dishes each. In the first course, there was a shoulder of mutton cut into an equilateral triangle, a piece of beef into a rhomboides, and a pudding into a cycloid.

equilateral - équilatéral

triangle - triangle

pudding - du pudding, boudin, pudding

cycloid - cycloide, cycloide, cycloidal

The second course was two ducks trussed up in the form of fiddles; sausages and puddings resembling flutes and hautboys, and a breast of veal in the shape of a harp. The servants cut our bread into cones, cylinders, parallelograms, and several other mathematical figures.

ducks - canards, plonger (dans l'eau)

trussed - en treillis, bandage herniaire, treillis, structure triangulée

sausages - saucisses, saucisse, saucisson

puddings - puddings, boudin, pudding

veal - veau

harp - harpe

cones - cônes, surface conique, cône, pomme de pin, pive

cylinders - cylindres, cylindre

parallelograms - les parallélogrammes, parallélogramme

While we were at dinner, I made bold to ask the names of several things in their language, and those noble persons, by the assistance of their flappers, delighted to give me answers, hoping to raise my admiration of their great abilities if I could be brought to converse with them. I was soon able to call for bread and drink, or whatever else I wanted.

After dinner my company withdrew, and a person was sent to me by the king's order, attended by a flapper. He brought with him pen, ink, and paper, and three or four books, giving me to understand by signs, that he was sent to teach me the language.

We sat together four hours, in which time I wrote down a great number of words in columns, with the translations over against them; I likewise made a shift to learn several short sentences; for my tutor would order one of my servants to fetch something, to turn about, to make a bow, to sit, or to stand, or walk, and the like. Then I took down the sentence in writing.

columns - colonnes, colonne, colonne (1, 2, 3)

translations - des traductions, traduction, translation

tutor - tuteur, chargé/-e de classe

turn about - faire demi-tour

He showed me also, in one of his books, the figures of the sun, moon, and stars, the zodiac, the tropics, and polar circles, together with the denominations of many plains and solids. He gave me the names and descriptions of all the musical instruments, and the general terms of art in playing on each of them.

Zodiac - zodiac, zodiaque

tropics - tropiques, tropique

polar - polaire

circles - cercles, cercle, disque, yeux cernés-p, cerne

denominations - dénominations, dénomination, désignation

plains - plaines, simple

solids - solides, solide, massif, plein, continu

musical - musical, musicale, musicien, musicienne, comédie musicale

After he had left me, I placed all my words, with their interpretations, in alphabetical order. And thus, in a few days, by the help of a very faithful memory, I got some insight into their language. The word, which I interpret the flying or floating island, is in the original Laputa, whereof I could never learn the true etymology.

interpretations - interprétations, interprétation

alphabetical order - l'ordre alphabétique

insight - de la perspicacité, introspection, perspicacité, aperçu

floating - flottant, (float), flotter, flotteur, taloche, char

etymology - étymologie

Lap, in the old obsolete language, signifies high; and untuh, a governor; from which they say, by corruption, was derived Laputa, from Lapuntuh. But I do not approve of this derivation, which seems to be a little strained.

obsolete - obsolete, dépassé

signifies - signifie, signifier

governor - gouverneur, gouverneure

corruption - corruption, pourriture, concussion

derived - dérivés, tirer, trouver, déduire, conclure, dériver

approve - approuver, éprouvé, approuvent, approuvez

I ventured to offer to the learned among them a conjecture of my own, that Laputa was quasi lap outed; lap, signifying properly, the dancing of the sunbeams in the sea, and outed, a wing; which, however, I shall not obtrude, but submit to the judicious reader.

properly - proprement, correctement, convenablement

sunbeams - rayons de soleil, rayon de soleil

obtrude - s'imposer, empiéter, transparaître

Those to whom the king had entrusted me, observing how ill I was clad, ordered a tailor to come next morning, and take measure for a suit of clothes. This operator did his office after a different manner from those of his trade in Europe.

entrusted - confiés, confier

tailor to - sur mesure

measure for - mesure pour

operator - opérateur, téléphoniste

He first took my altitude by a quadrant, and then, with a rule and compasses, described the dimensions and outlines of my whole body, all which he entered upon paper; and in six days brought my clothes very ill made, and quite out of shape, by happening to mistake a figure in the calculation. But my comfort was, that I observed such accidents very frequent, and little regarded.

compasses - boussoles, boussole

dimensions - dimensions, dimension

outlines - les grandes lignes, contour, silhouette, esquisse, aperçu

calculation - calcul

During my confinement for want of clothes, and by an indisposition that held me some days longer, I much enlarged my dictionary; and when I went next to court, was able to understand many things the king spoke, and to return him some kind of answers.

His majesty had given orders, that the island should move north-east and by east, to the vertical point over Lagado, the metropolis of the whole kingdom below, upon the firm earth. It was about ninety leagues distant, and our voyage lasted four days and a half. I was not in the least sensible of the progressive motion made in the air by the island.

vertical - verticale, vertical

On the second morning, about eleven o'clock, the king himself in person, attended by his nobility, courtiers, and officers, having prepared all their musical instruments, played on them for three hours without intermission, so that I was quite stunned with the noise; neither could I possibly guess the meaning, till my tutor informed me.

intermission - l'entracte, intermede, interlude, entracte

He said that, the people of their island had their ears adapted to hear "the music of the spheres, which always played at certain periods, and the court was now prepared to bear their part, in whatever instrument they most excelled."

In our journey towards Lagado, the capital city, his majesty ordered that the island should stop over certain towns and villages, from whence he might receive the petitions of his subjects. And to this purpose, several packthreads were let down, with small weights at the bottom.

On these packthreads the people strung their petitions, which mounted up directly, like the scraps of paper fastened by school boys at the end of the string that holds their kite. Sometimes we received wine and victuals from below, which were drawn up by pulleys.

strung - cordée, corde, suite, série, chaîne de caracteres

scraps - des déchets, bout

The knowledge I had in mathematics, gave me great assistance in acquiring their phraseology, which depended much upon that science, and music; and in the latter I was not unskilled. Their ideas are perpetually conversant in lines and figures.

phraseology - la phraséologie, phraséologie

depended - dépendait, dépendre, pendre

unskilled - non qualifiés

conversant - conversant

If they would, for example, praise the beauty of a woman, or any other animal, they describe it by rhombs, circles, parallelograms, ellipses, and other geometrical terms, or by words of art drawn from music, needless here to repeat.

ellipses - ellipses, ellipse

geometrical - géométrique

I observed in the king's kitchen all sorts of mathematical and musical instruments, after the figures of which they cut up the joints that were served to his majesty's table.

cut up - découpé

Their houses are very ill built, the walls bevil, without one right angle in any apartment; and this defect arises from the contempt they bear to practical geometry, which they despise as vulgar and mechanic; those instructions they give being too refined for the intellects of their workmen, which occasions perpetual mistakes.

bevil - bévil

right angle - le bon angle

arises from - Proviennent de

practical - pratique

geometry - géométrie

mechanic - mécanicien, mécanicienne

refined - raffiné, raffiner, fr

And although they are dexterous enough upon a piece of paper, in the management of the rule, the pencil, and the divider, yet in the common actions and behaviour of life, I have not seen a more clumsy, awkward, and unhandy people, nor so slow and perplexed in their conceptions upon all other subjects, except those of mathematics and music.

divider - diviseur, séparateur

clumsy - empoté, gauche, lourd, maladroit

awkward - maladroit, gauche, embarrassant, inconvenant

unhandy - peu maniable

perplexed - perplexe, déconcerter, troubler, dérouter

They are very bad reasoners, and vehemently given to opposition, unless when they happen to be of the right opinion, which is seldom their case. Imagination, fancy, and invention, they are wholly strangers to, nor have any words in their language, by which those ideas can be expressed; the whole compass of their thoughts and mind being shut up within the two forementioned sciences.

vehemently - avec véhémence

opposition - l'opposition, opposition

forementioned - précité

Most of them, and especially those who deal in the astronomical part, have great faith in judicial astrology, although they are ashamed to own it publicly.

astronomical - astronomique

Faith - la foi, foi, rench:, confiance

judicial astrology - l'astrologie judiciaire

But what I chiefly admired, and thought altogether unaccountable, was the strong disposition I observed in them towards news and politics, perpetually inquiring into public affairs, giving their judgments in matters of state, and passionately disputing every inch of a party opinion.

unaccountable - sans avoir a rendre de comptes

judgments - jugements, jugement, sentence, verdict

passionately - passionnément

disputing - en litige, dispute, litige, discuter, argumenter

I have indeed observed the same disposition among most of the mathematicians I have known in Europe, although I could never discover the least analogy between the two sciences; unless those people suppose, that because the smallest circle has as many degrees as the largest, therefore the regulation and management of the world require no more abilities than the handling and turning of a globe; but I rather take this quality to spring from a very common infirmity of human nature, inclining us to be most curious and conceited in matters where we have least concern, and for which we are least adapted by study or nature.

analogy - analogie

regulation - reglement, reglement, réglementation, régulation

handling - maniement, manipulation, maniant

spring from - d'une source

infirmity - l'infirmité, infirmité

inclining - l'inclinaison, inclinant, (incline) l'inclinaison

most curious - le plus curieux

conceited - prétentieux, vanité, orgueil, concept

These people are under continual disquietudes, never enjoying a minutes peace of mind; and their disturbances proceed from causes which very little affect the rest of mortals.

disturbances - des perturbations, trouble, tapage

Their apprehensions arise from several changes they dread in the celestial bodies: for instance, that the earth, by the continual approaches of the sun towards it, must, in course of time, be absorbed, or swallowed up; that the face of the sun, will, by degrees, be encrusted with its own effluvia, and give no more light to the world; that the earth very narrowly escaped a brush from the tail of the last comet, which would have infallibly reduced it to ashes; and that the next, which they have calculated for one-and-thirty years hence, will probably destroy us. For if, in its perihelion, it should approach within a certain degree of the sun (as by their calculations they have reason to dread) it will receive a degree of heat ten thousand times more intense than that of red hot glowing iron, and in its absence from the sun, carry a blazing tail ten hundred thousand and fourteen miles long, through which, if the earth should pass at the distance of one hundred thousand miles from the nucleus, or main body of the comet, it must in its passage be set on fire, and reduced to ashes: that the sun, daily spending its rays without any nutriment to supply them, will at last be wholly consumed and annihilated; which must be attended with the destruction of this earth, and of all the planets that receive their light from it.

arise from - Provenir de

dread - peur, redouter, craindre, crainte

approaches - approches, (s')approcher (de)

absorbed - absorbé, absorber, éponger

swallowed up - englouti

encrusted - incrustés, encrouter, incruster

effluvia - des effluves, effluvium

brush - brosse, brossage, accrochage, brosser, se brosser, peindre

comet - comete, comete

ashes - des cendres, cendre

calculated - calculée, calculer

perihelion - périhélie

degree of heat - degré de chaleur

more intense - plus intense

glowing - rayonnante, briller, luire, irradier, lueur

miles long - des kilometres de long

nucleus - noyau

main body - le corps principal

be set on - etre mis en place

rays - rayons, rayon

nutriment - pâture

consumed - consommée, consommer, consumer, rench: -neededr

annihilated - anéantie, annihiler, anéantir

planets - planetes, planete

They are so perpetually alarmed with the apprehensions of these, and the like impending dangers, that they can neither sleep quietly in their beds, nor have any relish for the common pleasures and amusements of life.

relish - relish, savourer, parfumer

pleasures - plaisirs, plaisir, volupté, désir

amusements - divertissements, amusement

When they meet an acquaintance in the morning, the first question is about the sun's health, how he looked at his setting and rising, and what hopes they have to avoid the stroke of the approaching comet.

This conversation they are apt to run into with the same temper that boys discover in delighting to hear terrible stories of spirits and hobgoblins, which they greedily listen to, and dare not go to bed for fear.

delighting - ravissant, plaisir, délice, joie, enchanter, ravir

hobgoblins - les hobgobelins, lutin

greedily - avec avidité, avidement

The women of the island have abundance of vivacity: they, contemn their husbands, and are exceedingly fond of strangers, whereof there is always a considerable number from the continent below, attending at court, either upon affairs of the several towns and corporations, or their own particular occasions, but are much despised, because they want the same endowments.

vivacity - vivacité

exceedingly - excessivement, extremement, énormément

corporations - des entreprises, société anonyme

despised - méprisé, mépriser, dédaigner

Among these the ladies choose their gallants: but the vexation is, that they act with too much ease and security; for the husband is always so rapt in speculation, that the mistress and lover may proceed to the greatest familiarities before his face, if he be but provided with paper and implements, and without his flapper at his side.

gallants - galants, brave

rapt - rapt, captivé, absorbé, fasciné, ravi

speculation - spéculation

lover - amante, amant, maîtresse

familiarities - des familiarités, familiarité

implements - met en ouvre, instrument, appliquer, exécuter, établir

The wives and daughters lament their confinement to the island, although I think it the most delicious spot of ground in the world; and although they live here in the greatest plenty and magnificence, and are allowed to do whatever they please, they long to see the world, and take the diversions of the metropolis, which they are not allowed to do without a particular license from the king; and this is not easy to be obtained, because the people of quality have found, by frequent experience, how hard it is to persuade their women to return from below. I was told that a great court lady, who had several children,-is married to the prime minister, the richest subject in the kingdom, a very graceful person, extremely fond of her, and lives in the finest palace of the island,-went down to Lagado on the pretence of health, there hid herself for several months, till the king sent a warrant to search for her; and she was found in an obscure eating-house all in rags, having pawned her clothes to maintain an old deformed footman, who beat her every day, and in whose company she was taken, much against her will. And although her husband received her with all possible kindness, and without the least reproach, she soon after contrived to steal down again, with all her jewels, to the same gallant, and has not been heard of since.

lament - une complainte

do without - s'en passer

the people of quality - les personnes de qualité

eating-house - (eating-house) Un restaurant

rags - chiffons, chiffon

pawned - mis en gage, mettre en gage

beat - battre, abats, battement, battirent, battent, abattîmes

steal - voler, vol

gallant - galant, brave, vaillant

This may perhaps pass with the reader rather for an European or English story, than for one of a country so remote. But he may please to consider, that the caprices of womankind are not limited by any climate or nation, and that they are much more uniform, than can be easily imagined.

caprices - caprices, caprice

womankind - l'humanité, femmes

more uniform - plus uniforme

In about a month's time, I had made a tolerable proficiency in their language, and was able to answer most of the king's questions, when I had the honour to attend him.

proficiency - compétence

His majesty discovered not the least curiosity to inquire into the laws, government, history, religion, or manners of the countries where I had been; but confined his questions to the state of mathematics, and received the account I gave him with great contempt and indifference, though often roused by his flapper on each side.

CHAPTER III.

A phenomenon solved by modern philosophy and astronomy. The Laputians'great improvements in the latter. The king's method of suppressing insurrections.

solved - résolu, résoudre, régler, solutionner

astronomy - l'astronomie, astronomie

improvements - des améliorations, amélioration

suppressing - supprimer, contenir, fr

insurrections - insurrections, insurrection

I desired leave of this prince to see the curiosities of the island, which he was graciously pleased to grant, and ordered my tutor to attend me. I chiefly wanted to know, to what cause, in art or in nature, it owed its several motions, whereof I will now give a philosophical account to the reader.

philosophical - philosophique

The flying or floating island is exactly circular, its diameter 7837 yards, or about four miles and a half, and consequently contains ten thousand acres. It is three hundred yards thick. The bottom, or under surface, which appears to those who view it below, is one even regular plate of adamant, shooting up to the height of about two hundred yards.

circular - circulaire, rond

acres - acres, acre

adamant - inflexible, catégorique

shooting - le tir, tir, fusillade, (shoot) le tir

Above it lie the several minerals in their usual order, and over all is a coat of rich mould, ten or twelve feet deep.

minerals - des minéraux, minéral

mould - moule, modeler

The declivity of the upper surface, from the circumference to the centre, is the natural cause why all the dews and rains, which fall upon the island, are conveyed in small rivulets toward the middle, where they are emptied into four large basins, each of about half a mile in circuit, and two hundred yards distant from the centre.

dews - rosées, rosée

rivulets - des ruisseaux, ruisselet, ru, rivelet

basins - bassins, cuvette, bassine, lavabo, bassin

circuit - circuit

From these basins the water is continually exhaled by the sun in the daytime, which effectually prevents their overflowing. Besides, as it is in the power of the monarch to raise the island above the region of clouds and vapours, he can prevent the falling of dews and rain whenever he pleases.

exhaled - expiré, expirer

daytime - journée, jour

effectually - efficacement

overflowing - débordant, (overflow), débordement, déborder, checktransborder

region - région

vapours - des vapeurs, vapeur

For the highest clouds cannot rise above two miles, as naturalists agree, at least they were never known to do so in that country.

At the centre of the island there is a chasm about fifty yards in diameter, whence the astronomers descend into a large dome, which is therefore called flandona gagnole, or the astronomer's cave, situated at the depth of a hundred yards beneath the upper surface of the adamant.

chasm - chasme, crevasse, fossé, gouffre

astronomers - des astronomes, astronome

dome - dôme

In this cave are twenty lamps continually burning, which, from the reflection of the adamant, cast a strong light into every part. The place is stored with great variety of sextants, quadrants, telescopes, astrolabes, and other astronomical instruments.

variety - variété

sextants - sextants, sextant

quadrants - quadrants, quadrant

telescopes - télescopes, lunette

astrolabes - astrolabes, astrolabe

But the greatest curiosity, upon which the fate of the island depends, is a loadstone of a prodigious size, in shape resembling a weaver's shuttle. It is in length six yards, and in the thickest part at least three yards over. This magnet is sustained by a very strong axle of adamant passing through its middle, upon which it plays, and is poised so exactly that the weakest hand can turn it.

depends - dépend, dépendre, pendre

loadstone - pierre de charge

weaver - tisserand, tisserande, tisseur, tisseuse, tisserin

shuttle - navette

magnet - aimant

sustained - soutenue, maintenir, subvenir

axle - l'essieu, axe, essieu

passing through - Passer a travers

poised - en place, assurance, aisance, sang-froid, aplomb, poise

weakest - le plus faible, faible, débile

It is hooped round with a hollow cylinder of adamant, four feet yards in diameter, placed horizontally, and supported by eight adamantine feet, each six yards high. In the middle of the concave side, there is a groove twelve inches deep, in which the extremities of the axle are lodged, and turned round as there is occasion.

hooped - hooped, cerceau

cylinder - cylindre, bonbonne, cylindre phonographique, barillet

horizontally - horizontalement

concave - concave

The stone cannot be removed from its place by any force, because the hoop and its feet are one continued piece with that body of adamant which constitutes the bottom of the island.

Hoop - cerceau

constitutes - constitue, constituer

By means of this loadstone, the island is made to rise and fall, and move from one place to another. For, with respect to that part of the earth over which the monarch presides, the stone is endued at one of its sides with an attractive power, and at the other with a repulsive.

presides - préside, présider

attractive - attrayante

repulsive - répugnant

Upon placing the magnet erect, with its attracting end towards the earth, the island descends; but when the repelling extremity points downwards, the island mounts directly upwards. When the position of the stone is oblique, the motion of the island is so too: for in this magnet, the forces always act in lines parallel to its direction.

attracting - attirant, attirer

Descends - descend, descendre

repelling - repoussant, refoulant, (repel), rebuter, repousser

extremity - l'extrémité, extrémité

mounts - des montures, monter

position - position, poste

By this oblique motion, the island is conveyed to different parts of the monarch's dominions.

To explain the manner of its progress, let A B represent a line drawn across the dominions of Balnibarbi, let the line c d represent the loadstone, of which let d be the repelling end, and c the attracting end, the island being over C: let the stone be placed in position c d, with its repelling end downwards; then the island will be driven upwards obliquely towards D.

obliquely - de maniere indirecte

When it is arrived at D, let the stone be turned upon its axle, till its attracting end points towards E, and then the island will be carried obliquely towards E; where, if the stone be again turned upon its axle till it stands in the position E F, with its repelling point downwards, the island will rise obliquely towards F, where, by directing the attracting end towards G, the island may be carried to G, and from G to H, by turning the stone, so as to make its repelling extremity to point directly downward. And thus, by changing the situation of the stone, as often as there is occasion, the island is made to rise and fall by turns in an oblique direction, and by those alternate risings and fallings (the obliquity being not considerable) is conveyed from one part of the dominions to the other.

directing - la mise en scene, direct, mettre en scene, ordonner

turns in - se transforme

alternate - alternatif, alternative, alterner

obliquity - obliquité

But it must be observed, that this island cannot move beyond the extent of the dominions below, nor can it rise above the height of four miles.

For which the astronomers (who have written large systems concerning the stone) assign the following reason: that the magnetic virtue does not extend beyond the distance of four miles, and that the mineral, which acts upon the stone in the bowels of the earth, and in the sea about six leagues distant from the shore, is not diffused through the whole globe, but terminated with the limits of the king's dominions; and it was easy, from the great advantage of such a superior situation, for a prince to bring under his obedience whatever country lay within the attraction of that magnet.

systems - ?, systeme

assign - affecter, désigner, assigner, attribuer

magnetic - magnétique

mineral - minéral

bowels - les intestins, gros intestin, boyaux-p, entrailles-p

diffused - diffusée, (se) diffuser, (se) répandre

limits - des limites, limite, limitation

Attraction - attraction, attirance

When the stone is put parallel to the plane of the horizon, the island stands still; for in that case the extremities of it, being at equal distance from the earth, act with equal force, the one in drawing downwards, the other in pushing upwards, and consequently no motion can ensue.

ensue - s'ensuivre, résulter, découler

This loadstone is under the care of certain astronomers, who, from time to time, give it such positions as the monarch directs. They spend the greatest part of their lives in observing the celestial bodies, which they do by the assistance of glasses, far excelling ours in goodness.

positions - positions, position, poste

directs - dirige, direct, mettre en scene, ordonner

celestial bodies - les corps célestes

excelling - exceller, (excel), dépasser

goodness - la bonté, bonté, bonté divine, corbleu, crebleu, jarnibleu

For, although their largest telescopes do not exceed three feet, they magnify much more than those of a hundred with us, and show the stars with greater clearness.

magnify - agrandir

clearness - clarté

This advantage has enabled them to extend their discoveries much further than our astronomers in Europe; for they have made a catalogue of ten thousand fixed stars, whereas the largest of ours do not contain above one third part of that number.

catalogue - catalogue, inventaire, cataloguer, inventorier

fixed stars - des étoiles fixes

They have likewise discovered two lesser stars, or satellites, which revolve about Mars; whereof the innermost is distant from the centre of the primary planet exactly three of his diameters, and the outermost, five; the former revolves in the space of ten hours, and the latter in twenty-one and a half; so that the squares of their periodical times are very near in the same proportion with the cubes of their distance from the centre of Mars; which evidently shows them to be governed by the same law of gravitation that influences the other heavenly bodies.

lesser - moins (de), inférieur (a)

satellites - des satellites, satellite

innermost - le plus profond

primary - primaire, prioritaire

planet - planete, planete

diameters - diametres, diametre

outermost - le plus éloigné

revolves - tourne, retourner, tourner

periodical - périodique

cubes - cubes, cube

evidently - évidemment, de toute évidence, manifestement

law of gravitation - la loi de la gravitation

influences - influences, influence, influencer, influer

heavenly bodies - des corps célestes

They have observed ninety-three different comets, and settled their periods with great exactness. If this be true (and they affirm it with great confidence) it is much to be wished, that their observations were made public, whereby the theory of comets, which at present is very lame and defective, might be brought to the same perfection with other arts of astronomy.

comets - cometes, comete

theory - théorie

lame - boiteux

The king would be the most absolute prince in the universe, if he could but prevail on a ministry to join with him; but these having their estates below on the continent, and considering that the office of a favourite has a very uncertain tenure, would never consent to the enslaving of their country.

estates - les successions, patrimoine, noblesse, proprieté, , biens-p

uncertain - incertaine

tenure - la titularisation, titularisation, tenure

enslaving - l'asservissement, asservir, esclavagiser

If any town should engage in rebellion or mutiny, fall into violent factions, or refuse to pay the usual tribute, the king has two methods of reducing them to obedience.

rebellion - la rébellion, rébellion

mutiny - révolte, mutinerie

factions - factions, faction

The first and the mildest course is, by keeping the island hovering over such a town, and the lands about it, whereby he can deprive them of the benefit of the sun and the rain, and consequently afflict the inhabitants with dearth and diseases: and if the crime deserve it, they are at the same time pelted from above with great stones, against which they have no defence but by creeping into cellars or caves, while the roofs of their houses are beaten to pieces. But if they still continue obstinate, or offer to raise insurrections, he proceeds to the last remedy, by letting the island drop directly upon their heads, which makes a universal destruction both of houses and men. However, this is an extremity to which the prince is seldom driven, neither indeed is he willing to put it in execution; nor dare his ministers advise him to an action, which, as it would render them odious to the people, so it would be a great damage to their own estates, which all lie below; for the island is the king's demesne.

mildest - le plus doux, doux, douce, léger

deprive - priver

dearth - la pénurie, disette, pénurie

diseases - les maladies, maladie, mal

caves - des grottes, grotte

obstinate - obstiné

advise - conseiller, renseigner

render - l'équarrissage, rendre

But there is still indeed a more weighty reason, why the kings of this country have been always averse from executing so terrible an action, unless upon the utmost necessity.

weighty - lourd, important

executing - en cours d'exécution, exécuter, mettre a mort

For, if the town intended to be destroyed should have in it any tall rocks, as it generally falls out in the larger cities, a situation probably chosen at first with a view to prevent such a catastrophe; or if it abound in high spires, or pillars of stone, a sudden fall might endanger the bottom or under surface of the island, which, although it consist, as I have said, of one entire adamant, two hundred yards thick, might happen to crack by too great a shock, or burst by approaching too near the fires from the houses below, as the backs, both of iron and stone, will often do in our chimneys. Of all this the people are well apprised, and understand how far to carry their obstinacy, where their liberty or property is concerned. And the king, when he is highest provoked, and most determined to press a city to rubbish, orders the island to descend with great gentleness, out of a pretence of tenderness to his people, but, indeed, for fear of breaking the adamantine bottom; in which case, it is the opinion of all their philosophers, that the loadstone could no longer hold it up, and the whole mass would fall to the ground.

be destroyed - etre détruite

falls out - tombe

catastrophe - catastrophe

spires - spires, fleche

crack - crack, croustiller, fissure, craquement, fracas, craquer

shock - choc, choquons, offusquer, choquez, choquer, secouer

chimneys - les cheminées, cheminée

obstinacy - l'obstination, entetement, obstination

property - propriété, accessoire

provoked - provoquée, provoquer

most determined - le plus déterminé

mass - masse, foule, amas

fall to - Tomber

By a fundamental law of this realm, neither the king, nor either of his two eldest sons, are permitted to leave the island; nor the queen, till she is past child-bearing.

bearing - naissant, coussinet, (bear) naissant

CHAPTER IV.

The author leaves Laputa; is conveyed to Balnibarbi; arrives at the metropolis. A description of the metropolis, and the country adjoining. The author hospitably received by a great lord. His conversation with that lord.

arrives at - arriver a

adjoining - adjacente, adjoindre, toucher

hospitably - l'hospitalité

Although I cannot say that I was ill treated in this island, yet I must confess I thought myself too much neglected, not without some degree of contempt; for neither prince nor people appeared to be curious in any part of knowledge, except mathematics and music, wherein I was far their inferior, and upon that account very little regarded.

neglected - négligé, négliger, négligence

On the other side, after having seen all the curiosities of the island, I was very desirous to leave it, being heartily weary of those people. They were indeed excellent in two sciences for which I have great esteem, and wherein I am not unversed; but, at the same time, so abstracted and involved in speculation, that I never met with such disagreeable companions.

unversed - sans connaissances

abstracted - abstraites, résumé, abstrait

Involved - impliqué, nécessiter, impliquer

I conversed only with women, tradesmen, flappers, and court-pages, during two months of my abode there; by which, at last, I rendered myself extremely contemptible; yet these were the only people from whom I could ever receive a reasonable answer.

conversed - conversé, converser

abode - domicile, demeure, (abide), endurer, tolérer

I had obtained, by hard study, a good degree of knowledge in their language: I was weary of being confined to an island where I received so little countenance, and resolved to leave it with the first opportunity.

There was a great lord at court, nearly related to the king, and for that reason alone used with respect. He was universally reckoned the most ignorant and stupid person among them.

stupid - stupide, bete

He had performed many eminent services for the crown, had great natural and acquired parts, adorned with integrity and honour; but so ill an ear for music, that his detractors reported, "he had been often known to beat time in the wrong place;" neither could his tutors, without extreme difficulty, teach him to demonstrate the most easy proposition in the mathematics.

acquired - acquis, acquérir

detractors - détracteurs, détracteur, détracteuse

beat time - temps de battement

tutors - tuteurs, chargé/-e de classe

demonstrate - démontrer, manifester

proposition - proposition

He was pleased to show me many marks of favour, often did me the honour of a visit, desired to be informed in the affairs of Europe, the laws and customs, the manners and learning of the several countries where I had travelled. He listened to me with great attention, and made very wise observations on all I spoke.

He had two flappers attending him for state, but never made use of them, except at court and in visits of ceremony, and would always command them to withdraw, when we were alone together.

I entreated this illustrious person, to intercede in my behalf with his majesty, for leave to depart; which he accordingly did, as he was pleased to tell me, with regret: for indeed he had made me several offers very advantageous, which, however, I refused, with expressions of the highest acknowledgment.

regret - regretter, regret

On the 16th of February I took leave of his majesty and the court. The king made me a present to the value of about two hundred pounds English, and my protector, his kinsman, as much more, together with a letter of recommendation to a friend of his in Lagado, the metropolis.

protector - protecteur, guardien

kinsman - parenté, parent

recommendation - recommandation

The island being then hovering over a mountain about two miles from it, I was let down from the lowest gallery, in the same manner as I had been taken up.

The continent, as far as it is subject to the monarch of the flying island, passes under the general name of Balnibarbi; and the metropolis, as I said before, is called Lagado. I felt some little satisfaction in finding myself on firm ground. I walked to the city without any concern, being clad like one of the natives, and sufficiently instructed to converse with them.

I soon found out the person's house to whom I was recommended, presented my letter from his friend the grandee in the island, and was received with much kindness. This great lord, whose name was Munodi, ordered me an apartment in his own house, where I continued during my stay, and was entertained in a most hospitable manner.

hospitable - hospitalier

The next morning after my arrival, he took me in his chariot to see the town, which is about half the bigness of London; but the houses very strangely built, and most of them out of repair. The people in the streets walked fast, looked wild, their eyes fixed, and were generally in rags.

chariot - chariot, char (de guerre), charriot

repair - réparation, dépannage, réparent, rhabiller, dépanner, réparer

We passed through one of the town gates, and went about three miles into the country, where I saw many labourers working with several sorts of tools in the ground, but was not able to conjecture what they were about: neither did observe any expectation either of corn or grass, although the soil appeared to be excellent.

tools - des outils, outil, mouton, façonner

I could not forbear admiring at these odd appearances, both in town and country; and I made bold to desire my conductor, that he would be pleased to explain to me, what could be meant by so many busy heads, hands, and faces, both in the streets and the fields, because I did not discover any good effects they produced; but, on the contrary, I never knew a soil so unhappily cultivated, houses so ill contrived and so ruinous, or a people whose countenances and habit expressed so much misery and want.

admiring - admiratif, admirer

appearances - les apparences, apparition, apparence

conductor - chef d'orchestre, contrôleur, poinçonneur (ancient, in bus)

Unhappily - malheuresement

ruinous - ruineux

misery - la misere, misere

This lord Munodi was a person of the first rank, and had been some years governor of Lagado; but, by a cabal of ministers, was discharged for insufficiency. However, the king treated him with tenderness, as a well-meaning man, but of a low contemptible understanding.

insufficiency - l'insuffisance, insuffisance, déficience

When I gave that free censure of the country and its inhabitants, he made no further answer than by telling me, "that I had not been long enough among them to form a judgment; and that the different nations of the world had different customs;" with other common topics to the same purpose.

But, when we returned to his palace, he asked me "how I liked the building, what absurdities I observed, and what quarrel I had with the dress or looks of his domestics?" This he might safely do; because every thing about him was magnificent, regular, and polite.

quarrel - querelle, bagarrer, noise, algarade, dispute

I answered, "that his excellency's prudence, quality, and fortune, had exempted him from those defects, which folly and beggary had produced in others." He said, "if I would go with him to his country-house, about twenty miles distant, where his estate lay, there would be more leisure for this kind of conversation.

" I told his excellency "that I was entirely at his disposal;" and accordingly we set out next morning.

During our journey he made me observe the several methods used by farmers in managing their lands, which to me were wholly unaccountable; for, except in some very few places, I could not discover one ear of corn or blade of grass.

managing - la gestion, gérer, ménager, diriger, manier, parvenir, réussir

blade of grass - un brin d'herbe

But, in three hours travelling, the scene was wholly altered; we came into a most beautiful country; farmers'houses, at small distances, neatly built; the fields enclosed, containing vineyards, corn-grounds, and meadows. Neither do I remember to have seen a more delightful prospect.

vineyards - des vignobles, vignoble, vigne

meadows - prairies, pré

more delightful - plus délicieux

His excellency observed my countenance to clear up; he told me, with a sigh, "that there his estate began, and would continue the same, till we should come to his house: that his countrymen ridiculed and despised him, for managing his affairs no better, and for setting so ill an example to the kingdom; which, however, was followed by very few, such as were old, and wilful, and weak like himself.

clear up - s'éclaircir

sigh - soupir

countrymen - compatriotes, citoyen, citoyenne, habitant, habitante

ridiculed - ridiculisé, tourner en ridicule

"

We came at length to the house, which was indeed a noble structure, built according to the best rules of ancient architecture. The fountains, gardens, walks, avenues, and groves, were all disposed with exact judgment and taste.

structure - structure

architecture - l'architecture, architecture

fountains - fontaines, fontaine

avenues - voies, avenue

groves - bosquets, bosquet

taste - gout, gout, saveur, avant-gout, gouter, avoir un gout

I gave due praises to every thing I saw, whereof his excellency took not the least notice till after supper; when, there being no third companion, he told me with a very melancholy air "that he doubted he must throw down his houses in town and country, to rebuild them after the present mode; destroy all his plantations, and cast others into such a form as modern usage required, and give the same directions to all his tenants, unless he would submit to incur the censure of pride, singularity, affectation, ignorance, caprice, and perhaps increase his majesty's displeasure; that the admiration I appeared to be under would cease or diminish, when he had informed me of some particulars which, probably, I never heard of at court, the people there being too much taken up in their own speculations, to have regard to what passed here below."

rebuild - reconstruire

mode - mode, maniere

usage - l'utilisation, usage, coutume

tenants - locataires, (de) locataire

Singularity - singularité, point de fuite

affectation - affectation

caprice - caprice

cease - cesser, s'arreter, cesser de + 'infinitive'

diminish - réduire, rétrécir, rapetisser, diminuer, amincir

The sum of his discourse was to this effect: "That about forty years ago, certain persons went up to Laputa, either upon business or diversion, and, after five months continuance, came back with a very little smattering in mathematics, but full of volatile spirits acquired in that airy region: that these persons, upon their return, began to dislike the management of every thing below, and fell into schemes of putting all arts, sciences, languages, and mechanics, upon a new foot. To this end, they procured a royal patent for erecting an academy of projectors in Lagado; and the humour prevailed so strongly among the people, that there is not a town of any consequence in the kingdom without such an academy. In these colleges the professors contrive new rules and methods of agriculture and building, and new instruments, and tools for all trades and manufactures; whereby, as they undertake, one man shall do the work of ten; a palace may be built in a week, of materials so durable as to last for ever without repairing. All the fruits of the earth shall come to maturity at whatever season we think fit to choose, and increase a hundred fold more than they do at present; with innumerable other happy proposals. The only inconvenience is, that none of these projects are yet brought to perfection; and in the mean time, the whole country lies miserably waste, the houses in ruins, and the people without food or clothes. By all which, instead of being discouraged, they are fifty times more violently bent upon prosecuting their schemes, driven equally on by hope and despair: that as for himself, being not of an enterprising spirit, he was content to go on in the old forms, to live in the houses his ancestors had built, and act as they did, in every part of life, without innovation: that some few other persons of quality and gentry had done the same, but were looked on with an eye of contempt and ill-will, as enemies to art, ignorant, and ill common-wealth's men, preferring their own ease and sloth before the general improvement of their country."

continuance - la prorogation, continuation

volatile - volatile, volatil

airy - aéré

dislike - l'aversion, antipathie, ne pas aimer

patent - brevet

manufactures - les fabricants, production, produit, fabriquer

durable - durable

repairing - réparation, réparer

maturity - maturité

season - saison

fold - plier, pliez, pli, plient, plions, plissons

innumerable - innombrables

proposals - propositions, proposition, demande en mariage

lies - mensonges, mensonge

miserably - misérablement

ruins - des ruines, ruine, ruiner, abîmer

discouraged - découragé, décourager, dissuader

prosecuting - des poursuites, poursuivre en justice

despair - le désespoir, désespérer, désespoir

enterprising - entreprenante, entreprenant

innovation - l'innovation, innovation

ill-will - (ill-will) mauvaise volonté

wealth - la richesse, richesse, profusion, abondance, checkfortune

sloth - paresse, paresseux, ai

His lordship added, "That he would not, by any further particulars, prevent the pleasure I should certainly take in viewing the grand academy, whither he was resolved I should go.

" He only desired me to observe a ruined building, upon the side of a mountain about three miles distant, of which he gave me this account: "That he had a very convenient mill within half a mile of his house, turned by a current from a large river, and sufficient for his own family, as well as a great number of his tenants; that about seven years ago, a club of those projectors came to him with proposals to destroy this mill, and build another on the side of that mountain, on the long ridge whereof a long canal must be cut, for a repository of water, to be conveyed up by pipes and engines to supply the mill, because the wind and air upon a height agitated the water, and thereby made it fitter for motion, and because the water, descending down a declivity, would turn the mill with half the current of a river whose course is more upon a level." He said, "that being then not very well with the court, and pressed by many of his friends, he complied with the proposal; and after employing a hundred men for two years, the work miscarried, the projectors went off, laying the blame entirely upon him, railing at him ever since, and putting others upon the same experiment, with equal assurance of success, as well as equal disappointment."

current - courant, présent, actuel

Canal - canal

repository - chambre-forte, coffre-fort, repositoire, dépôt, référentiel

pipes - des tuyaux, cornemuse, conduit, tuyau, barre verticale, tube

fitter - plus en forme, ajusteur, (fit) plus en forme

employing - l'emploi, employer, embaucher, recruter

miscarried - fausse couche, avorter

laying - pose, (lay) pose

blame - blâme, gronder, blâment, blâmons, blâmez, blâmer

railing - garde-corps, rampe, (rail) garde-corps

assurance - l'assurance, assurance, culot

disappointment - déception

In a few days we came back to town; and his excellency, considering the bad character he had in the academy, would not go with me himself, but recommended me to a friend of his, to bear me company thither.

My lord was pleased to represent me as a great admirer of projects, and a person of much curiosity and easy belief; which, indeed, was not without truth; for I had myself been a sort of projector in my younger days.

admirer - admirateur, admiratrice

projector - projecteur

CHAPTER V.

The author permitted to see the grand academy of Lagado. The academy largely described. The arts wherein the professors employ themselves.

This academy is not an entire single building, but a continuation of several houses on both sides of a street, which growing waste, was purchased and applied to that use.

continuation - suite, continuation

purchased - achetée, achat, acquisition, acheter

I was received very kindly by the warden, and went for many days to the academy. Every room has in it one or more projectors; and I believe I could not be in fewer than five hundred rooms.

kindly - avec bienveillance

warden - gardien, directeur/-trice

The first man I saw was of a meagre aspect, with sooty hands and face, his hair and beard long, ragged, and singed in several places. His clothes, shirt, and skin, were all of the same colour. He has been eight years upon a project for extracting sunbeams out of cucumbers, which were to be put in phials hermetically sealed, and let out to warm the air in raw inclement summers.

meagre - maigre

sooty - de la suie, fuligineux

ragged - dépenaillé, loqueteuxse, (rag) dépenaillé

singed - brulé, roussir

extracting - l'extraction, extrait, extraire

cucumbers - concombres, concombre

hermetically sealed - hermétiquement scellé

raw - cru, brut, nu

inclement - intempéries

He told me, he did not doubt, that, in eight years more, he should be able to supply the governor's gardens with sunshine, at a reasonable rate: but he complained that his stock was low, and entreated me "to give him something as an encouragement to ingenuity, especially since this had been a very dear season for cucumbers.

sunshine - soleil, lumiere du soleil

" I made him a small present, for my lord had furnished me with money on purpose, because he knew their practice of begging from all who go to see them.

I went into another chamber, but was ready to hasten back, being almost overcome with a horrible stink. My conductor pressed me forward, conjuring me in a whisper "to give No offence, which would be highly resented;" and therefore I durst not so much as stop my nose.

hasten back - se hâter de revenir

stink - puer, empester, puanteur, tapage

conjuring - la prestidigitation, conjurant, (conjure) la prestidigitation

No offence - Aucune offense

The projector of this cell was the most ancient student of the academy; his face and beard were of a pale yellow; his hands and clothes daubed over with filth. When I was presented to him, he gave me a close embrace, a compliment I could well have excused.

pale yellow - jaune pâle

filth - de la saleté, crasse, saleté, boue

compliment - compliment, complimenter, faire un compliment

His employment, from his first coming into the academy, was an operation to reduce human excrement to its original food, by separating the several parts, removing the tincture which it receives from the gall, making the odour exhale, and scumming off the saliva. He had a weekly allowance, from the society, of a vessel filled with human ordure, about the bigness of a Bristol barrel.

separating - la séparation, séparé, séparée, séparer

removing - l'enlevement, enlever

Receives - reçoit, recevoir

gall - le fiel, fiel, bile

odour - odeur

exhale - expirer

scumming - l'escroquerie, (scum), écume, couche, mousse, crasse, ordure

saliva - salive

Society - la société, société

ordure - ordure, immondice

I saw another at work to calcine ice into gunpowder; who likewise showed me a treatise he had written concerning the malleability of fire, which he intended to publish.

calcine - calcine, calciner

gunpowder - la poudre a canon

There was a most ingenious architect, who had contrived a new method for building houses, by beginning at the roof, and working downward to the foundation; which he justified to me, by the like practice of those two prudent insects, the bee and the spider.

Architect - architecte, architecturer

foundation - fondation, fondement, fond de teint

bee - abeille

There was a man born blind, who had several apprentices in his own condition: their employment was to mix colours for painters, which their master taught them to distinguish by feeling and smelling. It was indeed my misfortune to find them at that time not very perfect in their lessons, and the professor himself happened to be generally mistaken.

blind - aveugle, mal-voyant, mal-voyante, store, blind, aveugler

Mix - mélange, meler, mélangent, mélangeons, mixage, mélangez

This artist is much encouraged and esteemed by the whole fraternity.

Fraternity - fraternité

In another apartment I was highly pleased with a projector who had found a device of ploughing the ground with hogs, to save the charges of ploughs, cattle, and labour.

device - appareil, dispositif, stratageme, ruse, manouvre

ploughing - labourer, labour, checklabourage, (plough), charrue, araire

hogs - porcs, porc

ploughs - les charrues, charrue, araire, labourer

The method is this: in an acre of ground you bury, at six inches distance and eight deep, a quantity of acorns, dates, chestnuts, and other mast or vegetables, whereof these animals are fondest; then you drive six hundred or more of them into the field, where, in a few days, they will root up the whole ground in search of their food, and make it fit for sowing, at the same time manuring it with their dung: it is true, upon experiment, they found the charge and trouble very great, and they had little or no crop. However it is not doubted, that this invention may be capable of great improvement.

Acre - acre

acorns - des glands, gland

chestnuts - des châtaignes, châtaigne, marron, châtain, châtaigner

fondest - le plus cher, tendre, amoureux

root - racine, enraciner, enracinez, enracinons, enracinent, rave

fit for - adapté a

manuring - la fumure, fumier, purin

dung - bouse, excrément

crop - culture, récolte, produits agricoles

I went into another room, where the walls and ceiling were all hung round with cobwebs, except a narrow passage for the artist to go in and out. At my entrance, he called aloud to me, "not to disturb his webs.

cobwebs - toiles d'araignées, toile d'araignée

disturb - déranger, perturber, gener

" He lamented "the fatal mistake the world had been so long in, of using silkworms, while we had such plenty of domestic insects who infinitely excelled the former, because they understood how to weave, as well as spin.

silkworms - les vers a soie, ver a soie, magnan

weave - tisser, tissez, tissons, tissent, tramer

spin - l'essorage, tournoyer, (faire) tourner

" And he proposed further, "that by employing spiders, the charge of dyeing silks should be wholly saved;" whereof I was fully convinced, when he showed me a vast number of flies most beautifully coloured, wherewith he fed his spiders, assuring us "that the webs would take a tincture from them; and as he had them of all hues, he hoped to fit everybody's fancy, as soon as he could find proper food for the flies, of certain gums, oils, and other glutinous matter, to give a strength and consistence to the threads."

spiders - des araignées, araignée

Dyeing - la teinture, (dye) la teinture

saved - sauvée, sauver, sauvegarder, épargner, préserver, protéger

beautifully - magnifique

assuring - assurer, rassurer

webs - les toiles, réseau, panier, poche, âme, âme (de rail), palmure

hues - teintes, teinte

gums - des gencives, gencive(s)

oils - huiles, huile

glutinous - glutineux

consistence - consistance, cohérence

There was an astronomer, who had undertaken to place a sun-dial upon the great weathercock on the town-house, by adjusting the annual and diurnal motions of the earth and sun, so as to answer and coincide with all accidental turnings of the wind.

astronomer - astronome

undertaken - entrepris, entreprendre

dial - cadran, bouille, tronche, composer, signaler

weathercock - girouette

town-house - (town-house) maison de ville

adjusting - l'adaptation, ajuster

diurnal - diurne, journalier, quotidien

coincide - coincident, coincider

accidental - accidentelle, accidentel, altération

I was complaining of a small fit of the colic, upon which my conductor led me into a room where a great physician resided, who was famous for curing that disease, by contrary operations from the same instrument.

complaining - se plaindre, (complain), porter plainte

colic - coliques, colique

physician - médecin, femme médecin, docteur

curing - le durcissement, clébard, corniaud, roquet, clebs, chien

He had a large pair of bellows, with a long slender muzzle of ivory: this he conveyed eight inches up the anus, and drawing in the wind, he affirmed he could make the guts as lank as a dried bladder.

pair of bellows - une paire de soufflets

muzzle - la museliere, museau, museliere, museler

anus - anus, trou du cul, trou de cul, (Anu)

guts - les tripes, entrailles, tripes, cran

lank - lank, plats

But when the disease was more stubborn and violent, he let in the muzzle while the bellows were full of wind, which he discharged into the body of the patient; then withdrew the instrument to replenish it, clapping his thumb strongly against the orifice of then fundament; and this being repeated three or four times, the adventitious wind would rush out, bringing the noxious along with it, (like water put into a pump), and the patient recovered. I saw him try both experiments upon a dog, but could not discern any effect from the former. After the latter the animal was ready to burst, and made so violent a discharge as was very offensive to me and my companion. The dog died on the spot, and we left the doctor endeavouring to recover him, by the same operation.

more stubborn - plus tetu

bellows - soufflets, mugir, beugler

discharged into - Rejeter dans

patient - patient, patiente, malade

replenish - reconstituer, réapprovisionner

orifice - orifice

fundament - fonds

adventitious - adventice

rush - rush, ruée, affluence, gazer, galoper, bousculer

noxious - nocif

pump - pompe, pompons, pompez, pompent, pomper

experiments - des expériences, expérience, expérimenter

I visited many other apartments, but shall not trouble my reader with all the curiosities I observed, being studious of brevity.

brevity - la brieveté, concision, brieveté, laconisme

I had hitherto seen only one side of the academy, the other being appropriated to the advancers of speculative learning, of whom I shall say something, when I have mentioned one illustrious person more, who is called among them "the universal artist." He told us "he had been thirty years employing his thoughts for the improvement of human life.

speculative - spéculatif

" He had two large rooms full of wonderful curiosities, and fifty men at work. Some were condensing air into a dry tangible substance, by extracting the nitre, and letting the aqueous or fluid particles percolate; others softening marble, for pillows and pin-cushions; others petrifying the hoofs of a living horse, to preserve them from foundering.

condensing - la condensation, condenser, se condenser

tangible - tangible, palpable

nitre - nitre

aqueous - aqueux

fluid - fluide, liquide

particles - particules, particule

percolate - faire percoler, filtrer, percolat

softening - l'adoucissement, adoucissant, amollissant

pillows - oreillers, oreiller, tetiere

petrifying - pétrifiant, pétrifier

hoofs - sabots, sabot

The artist himself was at that time busy upon two great designs; the first, to sow land with chaff, wherein he affirmed the true seminal virtue to be contained, as he demonstrated by several experiments, which I was not skilful enough to comprehend.

sow - semer, semons, ensemencez, sement, ensemençons

chaff - des paillettes, balle, bale

seminal - séminale

demonstrated - démontrée, démontrer, manifester

The other was, by a certain composition of gums, minerals, and vegetables, outwardly applied, to prevent the growth of wool upon two young lambs; and he hoped, in a reasonable time to propagate the breed of naked sheep, all over the kingdom.

growth - croissance

lambs - agneaux, agneau, agnelle, mettre bas

We crossed a walk to the other part of the academy, where, as I have already said, the projectors in speculative learning resided.

crossed - croisé, crosse

The first professor I saw, was in a very large room, with forty pupils about him. After salutation, observing me to look earnestly upon a frame, which took up the greatest part of both the length and breadth of the room, he said, "Perhaps I might wonder to see him employed in a project for improving speculative knowledge, by practical and mechanical operations.

pupils - éleves, écolier/-iere

salutation - salutation, titre

But the world would soon be sensible of its usefulness; and he flattered himself, that a more noble, exalted thought never sprang in any other man's head.

be sensible of - etre conscient de

usefulness - utilité

flattered - flattée, flatter

Every one knew how laborious the usual method is of attaining to arts and sciences; whereas, by his contrivance, the most ignorant person, at a reasonable charge, and with a little bodily labour, might write books in philosophy, poetry, politics, laws, mathematics, and theology, without the least assistance from genius or study.

attaining - atteindre

theology - la théologie, théologie

" He then led me to the frame, about the sides, whereof all his pupils stood in ranks. It was twenty feet square, placed in the middle of the room. The superfices was composed of several bits of wood, about the bigness of a die, but some larger than others. They were all linked together by slender wires.

bits - bits, (petit) morceau

These bits of wood were covered, on every square, with paper pasted on them; and on these papers were written all the words of their language, in their several moods, tenses, and declensions; but without any order. The professor then desired me "to observe; for he was going to set his engine at work.

moods - d'humeur, humeur

tenses - temps

declensions - les déclinaisons, déclinaison

" The pupils, at his command, took each of them hold of an iron handle, whereof there were forty fixed round the edges of the frame; and giving them a sudden turn, the whole disposition of the words was entirely changed.

He then commanded six-and-thirty of the lads, to read the several lines softly, as they appeared upon the frame; and where they found three or four words together that might make part of a sentence, they dictated to the four remaining boys, who were scribes.

lads - les gars, garçon, gars, jeune homme, palefrenier

dictated - dicté, dicter

scribes - scribes, scribe

This work was repeated three or four times, and at every turn, the engine was so contrived, that the words shifted into new places, as the square bits of wood moved upside down.

The frame

Six hours a day the young students were employed in this labour; and the professor showed me several volumes in large folio, already collected, of broken sentences, which he intended to piece together, and out of those rich materials, to give the world a complete body of all arts and sciences; which, however, might be still improved, and much expedited, if the public would raise a fund for making and employing five hundred such frames in Lagado, and oblige the managers to contribute in common their several collections.

folio - folio

collected - collectés, (se) rassembler

piece together - Rassembler

managers - des gestionnaires, directeur, qualifier

contribute - contribuer

collections - collections, collection, ramassage

He assured me "that this invention had employed all his thoughts from his youth; that he had emptied the whole vocabulary into his frame, and made the strictest computation of the general proportion there is in books between the numbers of particles, nouns, and verbs, and other parts of speech."

vocabulary - vocabulaire, lexique

nouns - des noms, nom, nom substantif, substantif

verbs - verbes, verbe

I made my humblest acknowledgment to this illustrious person, for his great communicativeness; and promised, "if ever I had the good fortune to return to my native country, that I would do him justice, as the sole inventor of this wonderful machine;" the form and contrivance of which I desired leave to delineate on paper, as in the figure here annexed.

communicativeness - de la communication

inventor - inventeur, inventrice

delineate - délinéer, décrire, délimiter

annexed - annexé, annexer

I told him, "although it were the custom of our learned in Europe to steal inventions from each other, who had thereby at least this advantage, that it became a controversy which was the right owner; yet I would take such caution, that he should have the honour entire, without a rival."

inventions - inventions, invention

We next went to the school of languages, where three professors sat in consultation upon improving that of their own country.

consultation - consultation

The first project was, to shorten discourse, by cutting polysyllables into one, and leaving out verbs and participles, because, in reality, all things imaginable are but norms.

shorten - raccourcir, écourter

leaving out - a l'écart

participles - les participes, participe

reality - la réalité, réalité, vérité

imaginable - imaginable

The other project was, a scheme for entirely abolishing all words whatsoever; and this was urged as a great advantage in point of health, as well as brevity. For it is plain, that every word we speak is, in some degree, a diminution of our lunge by corrosion, and, consequently, contributes to the shortening of our lives.

scheme - le projet, plan, combine, machination, schéma, systeme

abolishing - abolir, supprimer, détruire

urged - pressé, pulsion, pousser, inciter, provoquer, insister

in some degree - dans une certaine mesure

lunge - bond (vers l'avant), fente

corrosion - corrosion

contributes - contribue, contribuer

shortening - le shortening, graisse alimentaire, raccourcissement

An expedient was therefore offered, "that since words are only names for things, it would be more convenient for all men to carry about them such things as were necessary to express a particular business they are to discourse on.

" And this invention would certainly have taken place, to the great ease as well as health of the subject, if the women, in conjunction with the vulgar and illiterate, had not threatened to raise a rebellion unless they might be allowed the liberty to speak with their tongues, after the manner of their forefathers; such constant irreconcilable enemies to science are the common people.

illiterate - analphabete, illettré, illettrée, analphabete

forefathers - les ancetres, aieul, ancetre

irreconcilable - irréconciliable

However, many of the most learned and wise adhere to the new scheme of expressing themselves by things; which has only this inconvenience attending it, that if a man's business be very great, and of various kinds, he must be obliged, in proportion, to carry a greater bundle of things upon his back, unless he can afford one or two strong servants to attend him.

adhere to - adhérer

I have often beheld two of those sages almost sinking under the weight of their packs, like pedlars among us, who, when they met in the street, would lay down their loads, open their sacks, and hold conversation for an hour together; then put up their implements, help each other to resume their burdens, and take their leave.

sinking - en train de couler, naufrage, (sink), couler, s'enfoncer

sacks - sacs, sac

resume - cv, resume, reprendent, reprends, reprenez, reprenons

burdens - charges, poids écrasant

But for short conversations, a man may carry implements in his pockets, and under his arms, enough to supply him; and in his house, he cannot be at a loss. Therefore the room where company meet who practise this art, is full of all things, ready at hand, requisite to furnish matter for this kind of artificial converse.

requisite - nécessaire

furnish - meubler, fournir, livrer

artificial - artificiels

Another great advantage proposed by this invention was, that it would serve as a universal language, to be understood in all civilised nations, whose goods and utensils are generally of the same kind, or nearly resembling, so that their uses might easily be comprehended.

civilised - civilisé, civiliser

utensils - ustensiles, ustensile, ustensile de cuisine

And thus ambassadors would be qualified to treat with foreign princes, or ministers of state, to whose tongues they were utter strangers.

I was at the mathematical school, where the master taught his pupils after a method scarce imaginable to us in Europe. The proposition, and demonstration, were fairly written on a thin wafer, with ink composed of a cephalic tincture. This, the student was to swallow upon a fasting stomach, and for three days following, eat nothing but bread and water.

scarce - rare

demonstration - démonstration, manifestation

fairly - équitable, justement, assez

wafer - gaufrette, hostie, oublie, pain a cacheter, wafer

cephalic - céphalique

As the wafer digested, the tincture mounted to his brain, bearing the proposition along with it.

digested - digéré, digérer

But the success has not hitherto been answerable, partly by some error in the quantum or composition, and partly by the perverseness of lads, to whom this bolus is so nauseous, that they generally steal aside, and discharge it upwards, before it can operate; neither have they been yet persuaded to use so long an abstinence, as the prescription requires.

quantum - quantité, quantum, quantique

perverseness - perversité

bolus - bolus, bol, bol alimentaire

abstinence - l'abstinence, abstinence, abstinence sexuelle

prescription - ordonnance, prescription, prescription extinctive

CHAPTER VI.

A further account of the academy. The author proposes some improvements, which are honourably received.

honourably - honorablement

In the school of political projectors, I was but ill entertained; the professors appearing, in my judgment, wholly out of their senses, which is a scene that never fails to make me melancholy.

fails - échoue, échouer (a)

These unhappy people were proposing schemes for persuading monarchs to choose favourites upon the score of their wisdom, capacity, and virtue; of teaching ministers to consult the public good; of rewarding merit, great abilities, eminent services; of instructing princes to know their true interest, by placing it on the same foundation with that of their people; of choosing for employments persons qualified to exercise them, with many other wild, impossible chimeras, that never entered before into the heart of man to conceive; and confirmed in me the old observation, "that there is nothing so extravagant and irrational, which some philosophers have not maintained for truth."

persuading - persuader, convaincre

rewarding - gratifiant, récompense

instructing - instruire, enseigner, apprendre

chimeras - chimeres, chimere

irrational - irrationnel

maintained - maintenue, entretenir, maintenir

But, however, I shall so far do justice to this part of the Academy, as to acknowledge that all of them were not so visionary. There was a most ingenious doctor, who seemed to be perfectly versed in the whole nature and system of government.

system - systeme, systeme

This illustrious person had very usefully employed his studies, in finding out effectual remedies for all diseases and corruptions to which the several kinds of public administration are subject, by the vices or infirmities of those who govern, as well as by the licentiousness of those who are to obey.

usefully - utilement

finding out - a découvrir

effectual - efficace

remedies - des remedes, remede, recours, remédier

public administration - l'administration publique

infirmities - des infirmités, infirmité

licentiousness - la licence, licenciosité, licence

For instance: whereas all writers and reasoners have agreed, that there is a strict universal resemblance between the natural and the political body; can there be any thing more evident, than that the health of both must be preserved, and the diseases cured, by the same prescriptions?

more evident - plus évidente

cured - guérie, clébard, corniaud, roquet, clebs, chien

prescriptions - prescriptions, ordonnance, prescription

It is allowed, that senates and great councils are often troubled with redundant, ebullient, and other peccant humours; with many diseases of the head, and more of the heart; with strong convulsions, with grievous contractions of the nerves and sinews in both hands, but especially the right; with spleen, flatus, vertigos, and deliriums; with scrofulous tumours, full of fetid purulent matter; with sour frothy ructations: with canine appetites, and crudeness of digestion, besides many others, needless to mention. This doctor therefore proposed, "that upon the meeting of the senate, certain physicians should attend it the three first days of their sitting, and at the close of each day's debate feel the pulses of every senator; after which, having maturely considered and consulted upon the nature of the several maladies, and the methods of cure, they should on the fourth day return to the senate house, attended by their apothecaries stored with proper medicines; and before the members sat, administer to each of them lenitives, aperitives, abstersives, corrosives, restringents, palliatives, laxatives, cephalalgics, icterics, apophlegmatics, acoustics, as their several cases required; and, according as these medicines should operate, repeat, alter, or omit them, at the next meeting."

senates - les sénats, sénat

redundant - redondant

ebullient - bouillant

peccant - peccant

convulsions - des convulsions, convulsion

grievous - grave

contractions - contractions, contraction

nerves - des nerfs, nerf, nervure, toupet, culot, cran

spleen - la rate, rate, spleen

flatus - flatus

deliriums - des délires, délire

scrofulous - scrofuleux

tumours - tumeurs, tumeur

fetid - fétide

purulent - purulent

frothy - mousseux

ructations - ructations

canine - canine, canin

crudeness - grossiereté

digestion - la digestion, digestion

pulses - impulsions, pouls

senator - sénateur, sénatrice

maladies - maladies, maladie

cure - guérir, guérissez, guérissent, cicatriser, guérison

medicines - médicaments, médicament

administer - administrer, gérer

aperitives - apéritifs

corrosives - corrosifs, corrosif

palliatives - des palliatifs, palliatif

laxatives - laxatifs, laxatif, purgatif

cephalalgics - les céphalalgiques

apophlegmatics - apophlégomatiques

acoustics - l'acoustique, acoustique

This project could not be of any great expense to the public; and might in my poor opinion, be of much use for the despatch of business, in those countries where senates have any share in the legislative power; beget unanimity, shorten debates, open a few mouths which are now closed, and close many more which are now open; curb the petulancy of the young, and correct the positiveness of the old; rouse the stupid, and damp the pert.

legislative - législatif

beget - engendrer, procréer

unanimity - l'unanimité, unanimité

curb - de la bordure, restreindre, endiguer

petulancy - la pétulance

positiveness - positivité

rouse - rouse, ameutez, ameutent, évocation, irriter, ameutons

damp - humide, moite, mouillé, humidité, grisou, amortir

pert - pert, animé, impertinent

Again: because it is a general complaint, that the favourites of princes are troubled with short and weak memories; the same doctor proposed, "that whoever attended a first minister, after having told his business, with the utmost brevity and in the plainest words, should, at his departure, give the said minister a tweak by the nose, or a kick in the belly, or tread on his corns, or lug him thrice by both ears, or run a pin into his breech; or pinch his arm black and blue, to prevent forgetfulness; and at every levee day, repeat the same operation, till the business were done, or absolutely refused."

complaint - plainte, réclamation, porter plainte

plainest - le plus simple, simple

tweak - tweak, tordre, retoucher, ajuster, personnaliser, fignoler

kick - coup de pied, bottons, bottent, escabeau, bottez, botter

tread - la bande de roulement, piétiner, escabeau

corns - des cors, grain

lug - lug, rudiment

breech - la culasse, culotte, culasse

He likewise directed, "that every senator in the great council of a nation, after he had delivered his opinion, and argued in the defence of it, should be obliged to give his vote directly contrary; because if that were done, the result would infallibly terminate in the good of the public."

vote - voix, vote, votation, voter

When parties in a state are violent, he offered a wonderful contrivance to reconcile them. The method is this: You take a hundred leaders of each party; you dispose them into couples of such whose heads are nearest of a size; then let two nice operators saw off the occiput of each couple at the same time, in such a manner that the brain may be equally divided.

reconcile - se réconcilier, réconcilier

leaders - dirigeants, chef, leader, dirigeant

dispose - débarrasser

couples - couples, couple, paire, époux-p, quelques

operators - opérateurs, opérateur, téléphoniste

saw off - scié

occiput - occiput

Let the occiputs, thus cut off, be interchanged, applying each to the head of his opposite party-man. It seems indeed to be a work that requires some exactness, but the professor assured us, "that if it were dexterously performed, the cure would be infallible.

occiputs - occiputs, occiput

interchanged - échangés, échangeur autoroutier, échangeur routier, échangeur

dexterously - avec dextérité

infallible - infaillible

" For he argued thus: "that the two half brains being left to debate the matter between themselves within the space of one skull, would soon come to a good understanding, and produce that moderation, as well as regularity of thinking, so much to be wished for in the heads of those, who imagine they come into the world only to watch and govern its motion: and as to the difference of brains, in quantity or quality, among those who are directors in faction, the doctor assured us, from his own knowledge, that "it was a perfect trifle."

skull - crâne, crane

moderation - modération

regularity - régularité

Directors - les directeurs, directeur, régisseur

I heard a very warm debate between two professors, about the most commodious and effectual ways and means of raising money, without grieving the subject. The first affirmed, "the justest method would be, to lay a certain tax upon vices and folly; and the sum fixed upon every man to be rated, after the fairest manner, by a jury of his neighbours.

commodious - commodité

grieving - le deuil, avoir du chagrin

tax - l'impôt, impot, impôt, prestation

rated - évaluée, rat

jury - jury

" The second was of an opinion directly contrary; "to tax those qualities of body and mind, for which men chiefly value themselves; the rate to be more or less, according to the degrees of excelling; the decision whereof should be left entirely to their own breast.

" The highest tax was upon men who are the greatest favourites of the other sex, and the assessments, according to the number and nature of the favours they have received; for which, they are allowed to be their own vouchers.

assessments - évaluations, évaluation, estimation

vouchers - des bons, coupon, bon

Wit, valour, and politeness, were likewise proposed to be largely taxed, and collected in the same manner, by every person's giving his own word for the quantum of what he possessed. But as to honour, justice, wisdom, and learning, they should not be taxed at all; because they are qualifications of so singular a kind, that no man will either allow them in his neighbour or value them in himself.

politeness - la politesse, politesse

taxed - taxé, taxe, impôt

The women were proposed to be taxed according to their beauty and skill in dressing, wherein they had the same privilege with the men, to be determined by their own judgment. But constancy, chastity, good sense, and good nature, were not rated, because they would not bear the charge of collecting.

privilege - privilege, privilege, privilégier

constancy - constance

chastity - chasteté

good nature - bonne nature

rated - évaluée, taux, pourcentage

collecting - la collecte, collection, (collect) la collecte

To keep senators in the interest of the crown, it was proposed that the members should raffle for employment; every man first taking an oath, and giving security, that he would vote for the court, whether he won or not; after which, the losers had, in their turn, the liberty of raffling upon the next vacancy.

raffle - tirage au sort, tombola

losers - perdants, perdant, perdante

raffling - la tombola, (raffle) la tombola

vacancy - poste vacant, vacance, chambre libre

Thus, hope and expectation would be kept alive; none would complain of broken promises, but impute their disappointments wholly to fortune, whose shoulders are broader and stronger than those of a ministry.

impute - imputer

disappointments - déceptions, déception

Another professor showed me a large paper of instructions for discovering plots and conspiracies against the government.

plots - des complots, intrigue, lopin, diagramme, graphique, complot

He advised great statesmen to examine into the diet of all suspected persons; their times of eating; upon which side they lay in bed; with which hand they wipe their posteriors; take a strict view of their excrements, and, from the colour, the odour, the taste, the consistence, the crudeness or maturity of digestion, form a judgment of their thoughts and designs; because men are never so serious, thoughtful, and intent, as when they are at stool, which he found by frequent experiment; for, in such conjunctures, when he used, merely as a trial, to consider which was the best way of murdering the king, his ordure would have a tincture of green; but quite different, when he thought only of raising an insurrection, or burning the metropolis.

statesmen - des hommes d'état, homme d'État

wipe - essuyer, essuyez, essuyent, essuyons

posteriors - les postérieurs, postérieur, derriere

excrements - excréments, excrément

thoughtful - réfléchie, réfléchi, attentionné

conjunctures - conjonctures, conjoncture

merely - simplement, uniquement, seulement

murdering - assassiner, meurtre, homicide, assassinat, occire

insurrection - l'insurrection, insurrection

The whole discourse was written with great acuteness, containing many observations, both curious and useful for politicians; but, as I conceived, not altogether complete. This I ventured to tell the author, and offered, if he pleased, to supply him with some additions.

additions - des ajouts, addition, ajout

He received my proposition with more compliance than is usual among writers, especially those of the projecting species, professing "he would be glad to receive further information."

further information - des informations supplémentaires

I told him, "that in the kingdom of Tribnia, [454a] by the natives called Langdon, [454b] where I had sojourned some time in my travels, the bulk of the people consist in a manner wholly of discoverers, witnesses, informers, accusers, prosecutors, evidences, swearers, together with their several subservient and subaltern instruments, all under the colours, the conduct, and the pay of ministers of state, and their deputies. The plots, in that kingdom, are usually the workmanship of those persons who desire to raise their own characters of profound politicians; to restore new vigour to a crazy administration; to stifle or divert general discontents; to fill their coffers with forfeitures; and raise, or sink the opinion of public credit, as either shall best answer their private advantage. It is first agreed and settled among them, what suspected persons shall be accused of a plot; then, effectual care is taken to secure all their letters and papers, and put the owners in chains. These papers are delivered to a set of artists, very dexterous in finding out the mysterious meanings of words, syllables, and letters: for instance, they can discover a close stool, to signify a privy council; a flock of geese, a senate; a lame dog, an invader; the plague, a standing army; a buzzard, a prime minister; the gout, a high priest; a gibbet, a secretary of state; a chamber pot, a committee of grandees; a sieve, a court lady; a broom, a revolution; a mouse-trap, an employment; a bottomless pit, a treasury; a sink, a court; a cap and bells, a favourite; a broken reed, a court of justice; an empty tun, a general; a running sore, the administration. [455]

sojourned - séjourné, séjour, séjourner

discoverers - les découvreurs, découvreur

witnesses - des témoins, témoignage, témoin, preuve, témoigner

accusers - accusateurs, accusateur, accusatrice

prosecutors - les procureurs, procureur, procuratrice, procureuse

evidences - des preuves, preuve, prouver, démontrer

swearers - les jureurs, jureur

subservient - soumis, servile

subaltern - subalterne

characters - des personnages, personnage, caractere

restore - restaurer, rétablir, rendre, restituer

vigour - force, vigueur, énergie

crazy - fou, insensé, avoir une araignée au plafond, chtarbé

stifle - étouffer

discontents - des mécontentements, mécontentement, frrotestation

coffers - les caisses de l'état, coffre, caisson

reed - roseau

owners - propriétaires, propriétaire

mysterious - mystérieux

syllables - syllabes, syllabe

privy council - le conseil privé

flock - troupeau

invader - envahisseur, envahisseuse

buzzard - la buse, buse, sale bougre, sale bougresse

gout - la goutte

priest - pretre, pretre, pretresse, sacrificateur

gibbet - gibet, potence

chamber pot - pot de chambre

committee - de la commission, comité, commission

sieve - tamis, crible, passoire, tamiser, sasser

broom - balai

revolution - révolution, coup d'état, tour

trap - piege

bottomless - sans fond, insondable, cul-nu

pit - fosse, écart, précipice, noyau

bells - cloches, cloche

empty - vide, vider, cadavre

tun - tun

sore - douloureux, ulcere

"When this method fails, they have two others more effectual, which the learned among them call acrostics and anagrams. First, they can decipher all initial letters into political meanings.

acrostics - acrostiche

anagrams - anagrammes, anagramme

decipher - déchiffrer

initial - initial, lettrine, initiale, premiere lettre, parapher

Thus N, shall signify a plot; B, a regiment of horse; L, a fleet at sea; or, secondly, by transposing the letters of the alphabet in any suspected paper, they can lay open the deepest designs of a discontented party.

regiment - régiment

secondly - deuxiemement, deuxiemement

transposing - la transposition, transpositeur, (transpose) la transposition

lay open - s'ouvrir

deepest - le plus profond, profond, épais, grave, foncé, foncée

discontented - mécontents, mécontentement, frrotestation

So, for example, if I should say, in a letter to a friend, 'Our brother Tom has just got the piles,'a skilful decipherer would discover, that the same letters which compose that sentence, may be analysed into the following words, 'resist ---, a plot is brought home-The tour.' And this is the anagrammatic method."

piles - piles, pile, tas

decipherer - décrypteur

compose - composer

analysed - analysée, analyser

resist - résister

Tour - tournée, voyage circulaire, circuit

anagrammatic - anagrammatique

The professor made me great acknowledgments for communicating these observations, and promised to make honourable mention of me in his treatise.

communicating - communiquer, communier

I saw nothing in this country that could invite me to a longer continuance, and began to think of returning home to England.

invite - inviter, invitent, invitez, invetera, invitons

returning home - le retour a la maison

CHAPTER VII.

The author leaves Lagado: arrives at Maldonada. No ship ready. He takes a short voyage to Glubbdubdrib. His reception by the governor.

The continent, of which this kingdom is apart, extends itself, as I have reason to believe, eastward, to that unknown tract of America westward of California; and north, to the Pacific Ocean, which is not above a hundred and fifty miles from Lagado; where there is a good port, and much commerce with the great island of Luggnagg, situated to the north-west about 29 degrees north latitude, and 140 longitude. This island of Luggnagg stands south-eastward of Japan, about a hundred leagues distant. There is a strict alliance between the Japanese emperor and the king of Luggnagg; which affords frequent opportunities of sailing from one island to the other. I determined therefore to direct my course this way, in order to my return to Europe. I hired two mules, with a guide, to show me the way, and carry my small baggage. I took leave of my noble protector, who had shown me so much favour, and made me a generous present at my departure.

apart - a part, séparé, séparément, a part, en morceaux, en pieces

extends - s'étend, étendre, prolonger

Pacific - pacifique

affords - permet, permettre

sailing - cingler, (sail) cingler

mules - mules, mulet/mule

baggage - bagages, effets, colis

present at - présents

My journey was without any accident or adventure worth relating. When I arrived at the port of Maldonada (for so it is called) there was no ship in the harbour bound for Luggnagg, nor likely to be in some time. The town is about as large as Portsmouth. I soon fell into some acquaintance, and was very hospitably received.

A gentleman of distinction said to me, "that since the ships bound for Luggnagg could not be ready in less than a month, it might be no disagreeable amusement for me to take a trip to the little island of Glubbdubdrib, about five leagues off to the south-west." He offered himself and a friend to accompany me, and that I should be provided with a small convenient bark for the voyage.

accompany - accompagner

bark - l'écorce, écorce, coque, aboyer

Glubbdubdrib, as nearly as I can interpret the word, signifies the island of sorcerers or magicians. It is about one third as large as the Isle of Wight, and extremely fruitful: it is governed by the head of a certain tribe, who are all magicians. This tribe marries only among each other, and the eldest in succession is prince or governor.

sorcerers - les sorciers, sorcier, sorciere

Magicians - les magiciens, magicien, qualifier

Isle - l'île, île

tribe - tribu

marries - se marie, épouser, se marier

among each other - entre eux

succession - succession

He has a noble palace, and a park of about three thousand acres, surrounded by a wall of hewn stone twenty feet high. In this park are several small enclosures for cattle, corn, and gardening.

enclosures - les boîtiers, piece jointe, encloitrer, encloîtrer, enclos

The governor and his family are served and attended by domestics of a kind somewhat unusual. By his skill in necromancy he has a power of calling whom he pleases from the dead, and commanding their service for twenty-four hours, but no longer; nor can he call the same persons up again in less than three months, except upon very extraordinary occasions.

necromancy - la nécromancie, nécromancie

When we arrived at the island, which was about eleven in the morning, one of the gentlemen who accompanied me went to the governor, and desired admittance for a stranger, who came on purpose to have the honour of attending on his highness.

This was immediately granted, and we all three entered the gate of the palace between two rows of guards, armed and dressed after a very antic manner, and with something in their countenances that made my flesh creep with a horror I cannot express.

rows - rangées, rang(ée)

antic - antic

We passed through several apartments, between servants of the same sort, ranked on each side as before, till we came to the chamber of presence; where, after three profound obeisances, and a few general questions, we were permitted to sit on three stools, near the lowest step of his highness's throne. He understood the language of Balnibarbi, although it was different from that of this island.

ranked - classé, rang

as before - comme avant

He desired me to give him some account of my travels; and, to let me see that I should be treated without ceremony, he dismissed all his attendants with a turn of his finger; at which, to my great astonishment, they vanished in an instant, like visions in a dream when we awake on a sudden.

vanished - disparue, disparaître, s'évanouir, s'annuler

visions - visions, vision, vue, aspiration, apparition

dream - reve, reve, songe, voeu

I could not recover myself in some time, till the governor assured me, "that I should receive no hurt:" and observing my two companions to be under no concern, who had been often entertained in the same manner, I began to take courage, and related to his highness a short history of my several adventures; yet not without some hesitation, and frequently looking behind me to the place where I had seen those domestic spectres. I had the honour to dine with the governor, where a new set of ghosts served up the meat, and waited at table. I now observed myself to be less terrified than I had been in the morning. I stayed till sunset, but humbly desired his highness to excuse me for not accepting his invitation of lodging in the palace. My two friends and I lay at a private house in the town adjoining, which is the capital of this little island; and the next morning we returned to pay our duty to the governor, as he was pleased to command us.

spectres - spectres, spectre

ghosts - fantômes, fantôme, t+spectre, t+esprit, t+revenant

sunset - coucher de soleil, crépuscule

accepting - acceptant, accepter, accepter (de), prendre sur soi

invitation - invitation

After this manner we continued in the island for ten days, most part of every day with the governor, and at night in our lodging. I soon grew so familiarized to the sight of spirits, that after the third or fourth time they gave me no emotion at all: or, if I had any apprehensions left, my curiosity prevailed over them.

familiarized - familiarisé, familiariser

emotion - l'émotion, émotion

For his highness the governor ordered me "to call up whatever persons I would choose to name, and in whatever numbers, among all the dead from the beginning of the world to the present time, and command them to answer any questions I should think fit to ask; with this condition, that my questions must be confined within the compass of the times they lived in.

call up - appeler

And one thing I might depend upon, that they would certainly tell me the truth, for lying was a talent of no use in the lower world."

Depend - dépendre

I made my humble acknowledgments to his highness for so great a favour. We were in a chamber, from whence there was a fair prospect into the park.

And because my first inclination was to be entertained with scenes of pomp and magnificence, I desired to see Alexander the Great at the head of his army, just after the battle of Arbela: which, upon a motion of the governor's finger, immediately appeared in a large field, under the window where we stood.

Alexander - alexandre

battle - bataille, combat

Alexander was called up into the room: it was with great difficulty that I understood his Greek, and had but little of my own. He assured me upon his honour "that he was not poisoned, but died of a bad fever by excessive drinking."

Greek - grec, grecque, grecques

fever - de la fievre, fievre

Next, I saw Hannibal passing the Alps, who told me "he had not a drop of vinegar in his camp."

Hannibal - hannibal, Annibal

Alps - les alpes, Alpes, (alp) les alpes

vinegar - vinaigre

Camp - le camp, campez, camper, campent, campons

I saw Cćsar and Pompey at the head of their troops, just ready to engage. I saw the former, in his last great triumph. I desired that the senate of Rome might appear before me, in one large chamber, and an assembly of somewhat a later age in counterview, in another. The first seemed to be an assembly of heroes and demigods; the other, a knot of pedlars, pick-pockets, highwayman, and bullies.

Pompey - Pompey

Rome - rome

counterview - contre-vue

heroes - héros, protagoniste

demigods - des demi-dieux, demi-dieu

highwayman - bandit de grand chemin, brigand, malandrin

bullies - les intimidateurs, brimeur, brute, tyran, intimider, tourmenter

The governor, at my request, gave the sign for Cćsar and Brutus to advance towards us. I was struck with a profound veneration at the sight of Brutus, and could easily discover the most consummate virtue, the greatest intrepidity and firmness of mind, the truest love of his country, and general benevolence for mankind, in every lineament of his countenance.

Brutus - Brutus

consummate - consommé, consommer

firmness - la fermeté, fermeté

benevolence - la bienveillance, bienveillance, bénévolence

lineament - linéament

I observed, with much pleasure, that these two persons were in good intelligence with each other; and Cćsar freely confessed to me, "that the greatest actions of his own life were not equal, by many degrees, to the glory of taking it away.

" I had the honour to have much conversation with Brutus; and was told, "that his ancestor Junius, Socrates, Epaminondas, Cato the younger, Sir Thomas More, and himself were perpetually together:" a sextumvirate, to which all the ages of the world cannot add a seventh.

ancestor - ancetre, ancetre

Socrates - socrate

sextumvirate - sextumvirat

seventh - septieme, septieme ('before the noun'), ('in names of monarchs and popes') sept ('after the name') ('abbreviation' VII)

It would be tedious to trouble the reader with relating what vast numbers of illustrious persons were called up to gratify that insatiable desire I had to see the world in every period of antiquity placed before me. I chiefly fed mine eyes with beholding the destroyers of tyrants and usurpers, and the restorers of liberty to oppressed and injured nations.

destroyers - destructeurs, destructeur, destructrice, destroyer

tyrants - des tyrans, tyran

usurpers - des usurpateurs, usurpateur, usurpatrice

oppressed - opprimés, opprimer, oppresser

But it is impossible to express the satisfaction I received in my own mind, after such a manner as to make it a suitable entertainment to the reader.

CHAPTER VIII.

A further account of Glubbdubdrib. Ancient and modern history corrected.

Having a desire to see those ancients who were most renowned for wit and learning, I set apart one day on purpose. I proposed that Homer and Aristotle might appear at the head of all their commentators; but these were so numerous, that some hundreds were forced to attend in the court, and outward rooms of the palace.

ancients - des anciens, ancien, antique

commentators - commentateurs, commentateur

I knew, and could distinguish those two heroes, at first sight, not only from the crowd, but from each other. Homer was the taller and comelier person of the two, walked very erect for one of his age, and his eyes were the most quick and piercing I ever beheld. Aristotle stooped much, and made use of a staff. His visage was meagre, his hair lank and thin, and his voice hollow.

comelier - comelier, avenant

piercing - piercing, perçant, (pierce)

I soon discovered that both of them were perfect strangers to the rest of the company, and had never seen or heard of them before; and I had a whisper from a ghost who shall be nameless, "that these commentators always kept in the most distant quarters from their principals, in the lower world, through a consciousness of shame and guilt, because they had so horribly misrepresented the meaning of those authors to posterity." I introduced Didymus and Eustathius to Homer, and prevailed on him to treat them better than perhaps they deserved, for he soon found they wanted a genius to enter into the spirit of a poet. But Aristotle was out of all patience with the account I gave him of Scotus and Ramus, as I presented them to him; and he asked them, "whether the rest of the tribe were as great dunces as themselves?"

ghost - fantôme, spectre, esprit, revenant

nameless - sans nom, innomé

principals - les directeurs d'école, principal, directeur

horribly - horriblement

poet - poete, poete

Ramus - ramus

dunces - des cancres, cancre

I then desired the governor to call up Descartes and Gassendi, with whom I prevailed to explain their systems to Aristotle.

This great philosopher freely acknowledged his own mistakes in natural philosophy, because he proceeded in many things upon conjecture, as all men must do; and he found that Gassendi, who had made the doctrine of Epicurus as palatable as he could, and the vortices of Descartes, were equally to be exploded.

acknowledged - reconnu, reconnaître, accuser réception, certifier

Epicurus - épicure

palatable - bon, plaisant au gout, appétant, passable, tolérable, acceptable

vortices - tourbillons

exploded - explosé, exploser, détoner, sauter

He predicted the same fate to attraction, whereof the present learned are such zealous asserters. He said, "that new systems of nature were but new fashions, which would vary in every age; and even those, who pretend to demonstrate them from mathematical principles, would flourish but a short period of time, and be out of vogue when that was determined."

predicted - prédit, prédire

fashions - de la mode, mode, vogue, façon, façonner

vary - varier

flourish - s'épanouir, fleurir, brandir, gesticulation, fioriture

vogue - vogue, mode

I spent five days in conversing with many others of the ancient learned. I saw most of the first Roman emperors. I prevailed on the governor to call up Heliogabalus's cooks to dress us a dinner, but they could not show us much of their skill, for want of materials. A helot of Agesilaus made us a dish of Spartan broth, but I was not able to get down a second spoonful.

helot - helot, ilote

Spartan - spartiates, spartiate

broth - bouillon, soupe

spoonful - cuillerée

The two gentlemen, who conducted me to the island, were pressed by their private affairs to return in three days, which I employed in seeing some of the modern dead, who had made the greatest figure, for two or three hundred years past, in our own and other countries of Europe; and having been always a great admirer of old illustrious families, I desired the governor would call up a dozen or two of kings, with their ancestors in order for eight or nine generations. But my disappointment was grievous and unexpected. For, instead of a long train with royal diadems, I saw in one family two fiddlers, three spruce courtiers, and an Italian prelate. In another, a barber, an abbot, and two cardinals. I have too great a veneration for crowned heads, to dwell any longer on so nice a subject. But as to counts, marquises, dukes, earls, and the like, I was not so scrupulous. And I confess, it was not without some pleasure, that I found myself able to trace the particular features, by which certain families are distinguished, up to their originals. I could plainly discover whence one family derives a long chin; why a second has abounded with knaves for two generations, and fools for two more; why a third happened to be crack-brained, and a fourth to be sharpers; whence it came, what Polydore Virgil says of a certain great house, Nec vir fortis, nec foemina casta; how cruelty, falsehood, and cowardice, grew to be characteristics by which certain families are distinguished as much as by their coats of arms; who first brought the pox into a noble house, which has lineally descended scrofulous tumours to their posterity. Neither could I wonder at all this, when I saw such an interruption of lineages, by pages, lackeys, valets, coachmen, gamesters, fiddlers, players, captains, and pickpockets.

generations - générations, génération, création

diadems - diademes, diademe, couronne

spruce - épicéa

prelate - prélat

Abbot - abbé

cardinals - les cardinaux, cardinal, rouge cardinal

crowned - couronné, couronne

counts - compte, comte

Dukes - dukes, duc

earls - les comtes, comte

scrupulous - scrupuleux

originals - les originaux, originel, original

derives - dérive, tirer, trouver, déduire, conclure, dériver

knaves - des chevaliers, page, voyou, fourbe, valet

brained - cérébrale, cerveau, qualifierejorative or when used as food

Virgil - virgile

fortis - fortis

cowardice - lâcheté, couardise

characteristics - caractéristiques, caractéristique

pox - la vérole, vérole, variole, petite vérole

lineally - linéairement

interruption - interruption

lineages - lignées, descendance, lignée, lignage

lackeys - laquais

valets - valets, valet, valet de chambre, majordome, chaperon

players - joueurs, joueur, joueuse, acteur, actrice, comédien, comédienne

pickpockets - pickpockets, pickpocket, voleur a la tire

I was chiefly disgusted with modern history.

For having strictly examined all the persons of greatest name in the courts of princes, for a hundred years past, I found how the world had been misled by prostitute writers, to ascribe the greatest exploits in war, to cowards; the wisest counsel, to fools; sincerity, to flatterers; Roman virtue, to betrayers of their country; piety, to atheists; chastity, to sodomites; truth, to informers: how many innocent and excellent persons had been condemned to death or banishment by the practising of great ministers upon the corruption of judges, and the malice of factions: how many villains had been exalted to the highest places of trust, power, dignity, and profit: how great a share in the motions and events of courts, councils, and senates might be challenged by bawds, whores, pimps, parasites, and buffoons. How low an opinion I had of human wisdom and integrity, when I was truly informed of the springs and motives of great enterprises and revolutions in the world, and of the contemptible accidents to which they owed their success.

misled - induit en erreur, égarer, mésinformer

ascribe - imputer, attribuer, preter

exploits - des exploits, exploit, exploiter

counsel - conseil, expertise, plan, projet, conseiller

sincerity - la sincérité, sincérité

flatterers - des flatteurs, flatteur, flatteuse

betrayers - des traîtres, dénonciateur, indicateur, traître

atheists - athées, athée, athéiste

sodomites - sodomites, sodomite

banishment - le bannissement, bannissement

villains - des méchants, scélérat, méchant, vilain, paysan

challenged - contestée, défi, chalenge, défier

whores - des putes, putain, pute, garce, morue, roulure, cocotte, salope

parasites - des parasites, parasite, profiteur

buffoons - des bouffons, bouffon, rench: -neededr

Here I discovered the roguery and ignorance of those who pretend to write anecdotes, or secret history; who send so many kings to their graves with a cup of poison; will repeat the discourse between a prince and chief minister, where no witness was by; unlock the thoughts and cabinets of ambassadors and secretaries of state; and have the perpetual misfortune to be mistaken.

roguery - la crapulerie, friponnerie

anecdotes - des anecdotes, anecdote

graves - tombes, tombe

poison - poison, empoisonner

witness - témoignage, témoin, preuve, témoigner

unlock - déverrouiller, débloquer

cabinets - les armoires, armoire, cabinet

Here I discovered the true causes of many great events that have surprised the world; how a whore can govern the back-stairs, the back-stairs a council, and the council a senate.

whore - putain, pute, garce, morue

A general confessed, in my presence, "that he got a victory purely by the force of cowardice and ill conduct;" and an admiral, "that, for want of proper intelligence, he beat the enemy, to whom he intended to betray the fleet.

victory - victoire

purely - purement

" Three kings protested to me, "that in their whole reigns they never did once prefer any person of merit, unless by mistake, or treachery of some minister in whom they confided; neither would they do it if they were to live again:" and they showed, with great strength of reason, "that the royal throne could not be supported without corruption, because that positive, confident, restiff temper, which virtue infused into a man, was a perpetual clog to public business."

Reigns - reigns, regne, régner

by mistake - par erreur

treachery - trahison, traîtrise

confided - confiée, faire confiance, confier

clog - sabot, bouchon, boucher

I had the curiosity to inquire in a particular manner, by what methods great numbers had procured to themselves high titles of honour, and prodigious estates; and I confined my inquiry to a very modern period: however, without grating upon present times, because I would be sure to give no offence even to foreigners (for I hope the reader need not be told, that I do not in the least intend my own country, in what I say upon this occasion,) a great number of persons concerned were called up; and, upon a very slight examination, discovered such a scene of infamy, that I cannot reflect upon it without some seriousness. Perjury, oppression, subornation, fraud, pandarism, and the like infirmities, were among the most excusable arts they had to mention; and for these I gave, as it was reasonable, great allowance. But when some confessed they owed their greatness and wealth to sodomy, or incest; others, to the prostituting of their own wives and daughters; others, to the betraying of their country or their prince; some, to poisoning; more to the perverting of justice, in order to destroy the innocent, I hope I may be pardoned, if these discoveries inclined me a little to abate of that profound veneration, which I am naturally apt to pay to persons of high rank, who ought to be treated with the utmost respect due to their sublime dignity, by us their inferiors.

number of persons - le nombre de personnes

examination - l'examen, examen

infamy - l'infamie, infamie

seriousness - sérieux, sériosité, gravité

perjury - parjure, faux témoignage

oppression - l'oppression, oppression

subornation - instigation

pandarism - pandarisme

excusable - excusable

greatness - la grandeur, grandeur

sodomy - sodomie, enculade

Incest - inceste

prostituting - la prostitution, prostituer

betraying - trahir, livrer

poisoning - l'empoisonnement, empoisonnement

abate - réduire, alléger, amoindrir

inferiors - inférieurs, inférieur

I had often read of some great services done to princes and states, and desired to see the persons by whom those services were performed. Upon inquiry I was told, "that their names were to be found on no record, except a few of them, whom history has represented as the vilest of rogues and traitors." As to the rest, I had never once heard of them.

record - record, enregistrent, enregistrez, enregistrons

vilest - le plus vil, vil

rogues - des voyous, canaille, fripouille, coquin, voyou, garnement

traitors - des traîtres, traître, traîtresse, trahir

They all appeared with dejected looks, and in the meanest habit; most of them telling me, "they died in poverty and disgrace, and the rest on a scaffold or a gibbet."

poverty - la pauvreté, pauvreté

Among others, there was one person, whose case appeared a little singular. He had a youth about eighteen years old standing by his side.

standing by - en attente

He told me, "he had for many years been commander of a ship; and in the sea fight at Actium had the good fortune to break through the enemy's great line of battle, sink three of their capital ships, and take a fourth, which was the sole cause of Antony's flight, and of the victory that ensued; that the youth standing by him, his only son, was killed in the action.

Actium - Actium

break through - Franchir

" He added, "that upon the confidence of some merit, the war being at an end, he went to Rome, and solicited at the court of Augustus to be preferred to a greater ship, whose commander had been killed; but, without any regard to his pretensions, it was given to a boy who had never seen the sea, the son of Libertina, who waited on one of the emperor's mistresses.

Augustus - auguste

mistresses - maîtresses, maîtresse, amante

Returning back to his own vessel, he was charged with neglect of duty, and the ship given to a favourite page of Publicola, the vice-admiral; whereupon he retired to a poor farm at a great distance from Rome, and there ended his life." I was so curious to know the truth of this story, that I desired Agrippa might be called, who was admiral in that fight.

He appeared, and confirmed the whole account: but with much more advantage to the captain, whose modesty had extenuated or concealed a great part of his merit.

I was surprised to find corruption grown so high and so quick in that empire, by the force of luxury so lately introduced; which made me less wonder at many parallel cases in other countries, where vices of all kinds have reigned so much longer, and where the whole praise, as well as pillage, has been engrossed by the chief commander, who perhaps had the least title to either.

luxury - le luxe, luxe

pillage - piller, pillage

engrossed - absorbé, grossoyer, accaparer, rafler, s'emparer de

As every person called up made exactly the same appearance he had done in the world, it gave me melancholy reflections to observe how much the race of human kind was degenerated among us within these hundred years past; how the pox, under all its consequences and denominations had altered every lineament of an English countenance; shortened the size of bodies, unbraced the nerves, relaxed the sinews and muscles, introduced a sallow complexion, and rendered the flesh loose and rancid.

consequences - conséquences, conséquence

shortened - raccourci, raccourcir, écourter

muscles - muscles, muscle

sallow - pâle, incolore, pâlot, blafard

rancid - rance

I descended so low, as to desire some English yeoman of the old stamp might be summoned to appear; once so famous for the simplicity of their manners, diet, and dress; for justice in their dealings; for their true spirit of liberty; for their valour, and love of their country.

yeoman - yeoman, franc-tenancier, valet

Stamp - cachet, tampon, timbre, taper du pied, taper (du pied)

summoned - convoqué, convoquer

simplicity - la simplicité, simplicité

Neither could I be wholly unmoved, after comparing the living with the dead, when I considered how all these pure native virtues were prostituted for a piece of money by their grand-children; who, in selling their votes and managing at elections, have acquired every vice and corruption that can possibly be learned in a court.

prostituted - prostituée, prostituer

votes - votes, voix, vote, votation, voter

elections - élections, élection

CHAPTER IX.

The author returns to Maldonada. Sails to the kingdom of Luggnagg. The author confined. He is sent for to court. The manner of his admittance. The king's great lenity to his subjects.

The day of our departure being come, I took leave of his highness, the Governor of Glubbdubdrib, and returned with my two companions to Maldonada, where, after a fortnight's waiting, a ship was ready to sail for Luggnagg. The two gentlemen, and some others, were so generous and kind as to furnish me with provisions, and see me on board. I was a month in this voyage.

We had one violent storm, and were under a necessity of steering westward to get into the trade wind, which holds for above sixty leagues. On the 21st of April, 1708, we sailed into the river of Clumegnig, which is a seaport town, at the south-east point of Luggnagg. We cast anchor within a league of the town, and made a signal for a pilot.

pilot - pilote, programme pilote

Two of them came on board in less than half an hour, by whom we were guided between certain shoals and rocks, which are very dangerous in the passage, to a large basin, where a fleet may ride in safety within a cable's length of the town-wall.

guided - guidé, guider

shoals - des bancs, banc (de poissons)

basin - bassin, cuvette, bassine, lavabo

safety - la sécurité, sécurité, sureté

Some of our sailors, whether out of treachery or inadvertence, had informed the pilots "that I was a stranger, and great traveller;" whereof these gave notice to a custom-house officer, by whom I was examined very strictly upon my landing.

inadvertence - par inadvertance

pilots - pilotes, pilote, programme pilote

gave notice - Donner un préavis

custom-house - (custom-house) Bureau de douane

This officer spoke to me in the language of Balnibarbi, which, by the force of much commerce, is generally understood in that town, especially by seamen and those employed in the customs.

I gave him a short account of some particulars, and made my story as plausible and consistent as I could; but I thought it necessary to disguise my country, and call myself a Hollander; because my intentions were for Japan, and I knew the Dutch were the only Europeans permitted to enter into that kingdom.

plausible - plausible

Hollander - Hollandais

I therefore told the officer, "that having been shipwrecked on the coast of Balnibarbi, and cast on a rock, I was received up into Laputa, or the flying island (of which he had often heard), and was now endeavouring to get to Japan, whence I might find a convenience of returning to my own country.

" The officer said, "I must be confined till he could receive orders from court, for which he would write immediately, and hoped to receive an answer in a fortnight." I was carried to a convenient lodging with a sentry placed at the door; however, I had the liberty of a large garden, and was treated with humanity enough, being maintained all the time at the king's charge.

sentry - sentinelle

humanity - l'humanité, humanité

I was invited by several persons, chiefly out of curiosity, because it was reported that I came from countries very remote, of which they had never heard.

I hired a young man, who came in the same ship, to be an interpreter; he was a native of Luggnagg, but had lived some years at Maldonada, and was a perfect master of both languages. By his assistance, I was able to hold a conversation with those who came to visit me; but this consisted only of their questions, and my answers.

native of - originaire de

The despatch came from court about the time we expected. It contained a warrant for conducting me and my retinue to Traldragdubh, or Trildrogdrib (for it is pronounced both ways as near as I can remember), by a party of ten horse. All my retinue was that poor lad for an interpreter, whom I persuaded into my service, and, at my humble request, we had each of us a mule to ride on.

conducting - la conduite, comportement, conduite, se comporter, conduire

pronounced - prononcée, déclarer, prononcer, déclamer, lire

mule - mule, mulet

A messenger was despatched half a day's journey before us, to give the king notice of my approach, and to desire, "that his majesty would please to appoint a day and hour, when it would by his gracious pleasure that I might have the honour to lick the dust before his footstool.

appoint - nommer, fixer, gloss

lick - lécher, faire eau

footstool - tabouret, reposeied

" This is the court style, and I found it to be more than matter of form: for, upon my admittance two days after my arrival, I was commanded to crawl upon my belly, and lick the floor as I advanced; but, on account of my being a stranger, care was taken to have it made so clean, that the dust was not offensive.

However, this was a peculiar grace, not allowed to any but persons of the highest rank, when they desire an admittance.

Nay, sometimes the floor is strewed with dust on purpose, when the person to be admitted happens to have powerful enemies at court; and I have seen a great lord with his mouth so crammed, that when he had crept to the proper distance from the throne; he was not able to speak a word.

strewed - parsemée, parsemer, joncher

Neither is there any remedy; because it is capital for those, who receive an audience to spit or wipe their mouths in his majesty's presence.

spit - vomir, cracher, jeter, expectorer

There is indeed another custom, which I cannot altogether approve of: when the king has a mind to put any of his nobles to death in a gentle indulgent manner, he commands the floor to be strewed with a certain brown powder of a deadly composition, which being licked up, infallibly kills him in twenty-four hours.

deadly - mortelle, mortel, fatal, létal

licked - léché, lécher

kills - tue, tuer

But in justice to this prince's great clemency, and the care he has of his subjects'lives (wherein it were much to be wished that the Monarchs of Europe would imitate him), it must be mentioned for his honour, that strict orders are given to have the infected parts of the floor well washed after every such execution, which, if his domestics neglect, they are in danger of incurring his royal displeasure. I myself heard him give directions, that one of his pages should be whipped, whose turn it was to give notice about washing the floor after an execution, but maliciously had omitted it; by which neglect a young lord of great hopes, coming to an audience, was unfortunately poisoned, although the king at that time had no design against his life. But this good prince was so gracious as to forgive the poor page his whipping, upon promise that he would do so no more, without special orders.

infected - infecté, infecter

incurring - encourus, encourir, s'attirer, subir, impliquer, occasioner

To return from this digression. When I had crept within four yards of the throne, I raised myself gently upon my knees, and then striking my forehead seven times against the ground, I pronounced the following words, as they had been taught me the night before, Inckpling gloffthrobb squut serummblhiop mlashnalt zwin tnodbalkuffh slhiophad gurdlubh asht.

digression - digression

seven times - sept fois

asht - cendres

This is the compliment, established by the laws of the land, for all persons admitted to the king's presence. It may be rendered into English thus: "May your celestial majesty outlive the sun, eleven moons and a half!

established - établie, affermir, établir

outlive - survivre

" To this the king returned some answer, which, although I could not understand, yet I replied as I had been directed: Fluft drin yalerick dwuldom prastrad mirpush, which properly signifies, "My tongue is in the mouth of my friend;" and by this expression was meant, that I desired leave to bring my interpreter; whereupon the young man already mentioned was accordingly introduced, by whose intervention I answered as many questions as his majesty could put in above an hour. I spoke in the Balnibarbian tongue, and my interpreter delivered my meaning in that of Luggnagg.

dwuldom - dwuldom

intervention - l'intervention, intervention

The king was much delighted with my company, and ordered his bliffmarklub, or high-chamberlain, to appoint a lodging in the court for me and my interpreter; with a daily allowance for my table, and a large purse of gold for my common expenses.

I staid three months in this country, out of perfect obedience to his majesty; who was pleased highly to favour me, and made me very honourable offers. But I thought it more consistent with prudence and justice to pass the remainder of my days with my wife and family.

more consistent - plus constant

CHAPTER X.

The Luggnaggians commended. A particular description of the Struldbrugs, with many conversations between the author and some eminent persons upon that subject.

commended - félicité, féliciter, recommander

The Luggnaggians are a polite and generous people; and although they are not without some share of that pride which is peculiar to all Eastern countries, yet they show themselves courteous to strangers, especially such who are countenanced by the court.

eastern - orientale, oriental

countenanced - toléré, visage, approuver

I had many acquaintance, and among persons of the best fashion; and being always attended by my interpreter, the conversation we had was not disagreeable.

One day, in much good company, I was asked by a person of quality, "whether I had seen any of their struldbrugs, or immortals?" I said, "I had not;" and desired he would explain to me "what he meant by such an appellation, applied to a mortal creature.

immortals - immortels, immortel, inoubliable

" He told me "that sometimes, though very rarely, a child happened to be born in a family, with a red circular spot in the forehead, directly over the left eyebrow, which was an infallible mark that it should never die.

rarely - rarement

eyebrow - sourcils, sourcil

" The spot, as he described it, "was about the compass of a silver threepence, but in the course of time grew larger, and changed its colour; for at twelve years old it became green, so continued till five and twenty, then turned to a deep blue: at five and forty it grew coal black, and as large as an English shilling; but never admitted any further alteration.

threepence - trois pence

coal - charbon, houille, tisons, checkhouille

shilling - shilling, (shill), homme de paille, prete-nom

alteration - modification, altération, altérer

" He said, "these births were so rare, that he did not believe there could be above eleven hundred struldbrugs, of both sexes, in the whole kingdom; of which he computed about fifty in the metropolis, and, among the rest, a young girl born; about three years ago: that these productions were not peculiar to any family, but a mere effect of chance; and the children of the struldbrugs themselves were equally mortal with the rest of the people."

productions - productions, production

I freely own myself to have been struck with inexpressible delight, upon hearing this account: and the person who gave it me happening to understand the Balnibarbian language, which I spoke very well, I could not forbear breaking out into expressions, perhaps a little too extravagant. I cried out, as in a rapture, "Happy nation, where every child hath at least a chance for being immortal!

inexpressible - inexprimable

breaking out - S'échapper

rapture - le ravissement, ravissement, enlevement

immortal - immortel, inoubliable

Happy people, who enjoy so many living examples of ancient virtue, and have masters ready to instruct them in the wisdom of all former ages!

but happiest, beyond all comparison, are those excellent struldbrugs, who, being born exempt from that universal calamity of human nature, have their minds free and disengaged, without the weight and depression of spirits caused by the continual apprehensions of death!

depression - la dépression, dépression

caused - causée, cause, raison, causer

" I discovered my admiration that I had not observed any of these illustrious persons at court; the black spot on the forehead being so remarkable a distinction, that I could not have easily overlooked it: and it was impossible that his majesty, a most judicious prince, should not provide himself with a good number of such wise and able counsellors.

black spot - point noir

remarkable - remarquable

overlooked - négligé, vue, panorama, surplomber, négliger, louper

Yet perhaps the virtue of those reverend sages was too strict for the corrupt and libertine manners of a court: and we often find by experience, that young men are too opinionated and volatile to be guided by the sober dictates of their seniors.

Reverend - révérend

libertine - libertin, paillard

opinionated - d'opinion

sober - sobre, cuver

dictates - dicte, dicter

seniors - les seniors, aîné, supérieur

However, since the king was pleased to allow me access to his royal person, I was resolved, upon the very first occasion, to deliver my opinion to him on this matter freely and at large, by the help of my interpreter; and whether he would please to Take my advice or not, yet in one thing I was determined, that his majesty having frequently offered me an establishment in this country, I would, with great thankfulness, accept the favour, and pass my life here in the conversation of those superior beings the struldbrugs, if they would please to admit me."

Take my advice - Suivre mon conseil

thankfulness - le remerciement, gratitude, reconnaissance

beings - etres, etre, créature, existence

admit - admettre, avouer, reconnaître

The gentleman to whom I addressed my discourse, because (as I have already observed) he spoke the language of Balnibarbi, said to me, with a sort of a smile which usually arises from pity to the ignorant, "that he was glad of any occasion to keep me among them, and desired my permission to explain to the company what I had spoke.

arises - se pose, se lever, relever

" He did so, and they talked together for some time in their own language, whereof I understood not a syllable, neither could I observe by their countenances, what impression my discourse had made on them.

After a short silence, the same person told me, "that his friends and mine (so he thought fit to express himself) were very much pleased with the judicious remarks I had made on the great happiness and advantages of immortal life, and they were desirous to know, in a particular manner, what scheme of living I should have formed to myself, if it had fallen to my lot to have been born a struldbrug."

remarks - remarques, remarque

advantages - avantages, avantage, avantager

fallen to - Tomber

I answered, "it was easy to be eloquent on so copious and delightful a subject, especially to me, who had been often apt to amuse myself with visions of what I should do, if I were a king, a general, or a great lord: and upon this very case, I had frequently run over the whole system how I should employ myself, and pass the time, if I were sure to live for ever.

eloquent - éloquent

delightful - délicieux

amuse - amuser

run over - écrasé

"That, if it had been my good fortune to come into the world a struldbrug, as soon as I could discover my own happiness, by understanding the difference between life and death, I would first resolve, by all arts and methods, whatsoever, to procure myself riches.

resolve - résoudre, résolvons, résolvent, résolvez

procure - se procurer, acquérir, obtenir, proxénétisme, procurer

In the pursuit of which, by thrift and management, I might reasonably expect, in about two hundred years, to be the wealthiest man in the kingdom. In the second place, I would, from my earliest youth, apply myself to the study of arts and sciences, by which I should arrive in time to excel all others in learning.

pursuit - poursuite

thrift - de la friperie, parcimonie, économie, épargne, armérie

wealthiest - les plus riches, riche, nanti

Lastly, I would carefully record every action and event of consequence, that happened in the public, impartially draw the characters of the several successions of princes and great ministers of state, with my own observations on every point. I would exactly set down the several changes in customs, language, fashions of dress, diet, and diversions.

successions - les successions, succession

By all which acquirements, I should be a living treasure of knowledge and wisdom, and certainly become the oracle of the nation.

treasure - trésor, garder précieusement

"I would never marry after threescore, but live in a hospitable manner, yet still on the saving side. I would entertain myself in forming and directing the minds of hopeful young men, by convincing them, from my own remembrance, experience, and observation, fortified by numerous examples, of the usefulness of virtue in public and private life.

marry - se marier, marions, marient, épousez, mariez

threescore - trois fois plus

hopeful - d'espoir, encourageant

convincing - convaincante, convaincre, persuader

fortified - fortifié, fortifier, renforcer, supplémenter

But my choice and constant companions should be a set of my own immortal brotherhood; among whom, I would elect a dozen from the most ancient, down to my own contemporaries.

choice - choix, morceau de choix

brotherhood - la fraternité, fraternité, confrérie

elect - élu, élue, choisir, décider, élire

contemporaries - contemporains, contemporain

Where any of these wanted fortunes, I would provide them with convenient lodges round my own estate, and have some of them always at my table; only mingling a few of the most valuable among you mortals, whom length of time would harden me to lose with little or no reluctance, and treat your posterity after the same manner; just as a man diverts himself with the annual succession of pinks and tulips in his garden, without regretting the loss of those which withered the preceding year.

lodges - les gîtes, cabane, maison du portier, loge, rench: -neededr

mingling - se meler, (mingle), mélanger

harden - durcir, endurcissez, endurcissent, endurcir

reluctance - réticence, réluctance

tulips - tulipes, tulipe

regretting - regretter, regret

withered - flétrie, (se) faner

preceding year - l'année précédente

"These struldbrugs and I would mutually communicate our observations and memorials, through the course of time; remark the several gradations by which corruption steals into the world, and oppose it in every step, by giving perpetual warning and instruction to mankind; which, added to the strong influence of our own example, would probably prevent that continual degeneracy of human nature so justly complained of in all ages.

mutually - mutuellement

communicate - communiquer, communier

remark - remarque, remarquent, remarquez, remarquons

steals - vol, voler

oppose - s'opposer a

instruction - l'instruction, instruction

degeneracy - dégénérescence

"Add to this, the pleasure of seeing the various revolutions of states and empires; the changes in the lower and upper world; ancient cities in ruins, and obscure villages become the seats of kings; famous rivers lessening into shallow brooks; the ocean leaving one coast dry, and overwhelming another; the discovery of many countries yet unknown; barbarity overrunning the politest nations, and the most barbarous become civilized. I should then see the discovery of the longitude, the perpetual motion, the universal medicine, and many other great inventions, brought to the utmost perfection.

brooks - brooks, ruisseau

overwhelming - écrasante, abreuver, accabler, envahir

barbarity - la barbarie, barbarie

overrunning - le dépassement, exceder

politest - le plus politique, poli

civilized - civilisé, civiliser

"What wonderful discoveries should we make in astronomy, by outliving and confirming our own predictions; by observing the progress and return of comets, with the changes of motion in the sun, moon, and stars!"

outliving - survivre

confirming - confirmant, (confirm), confirmer

predictions - des prévisions, prédiction

I enlarged upon many other topics, which the natural desire of endless life, and sublunary happiness, could easily furnish me with. When I had ended, and the sum of my discourse had been interpreted, as before, to the rest of the company, there was a good deal of talk among them in the language of the country, not without some laughter at my expense.

endless - sans fin, infini, interminable, perpétuel

sublunary - sublunaire

At last, the same gentleman who had been my interpreter, said, "he was desired by the rest to set me right in a few mistakes, which I had fallen into through the common imbecility of human nature, and upon that allowance was less answerable for them.

imbecility - l'imbécillité, imbécilité

That this breed of struldbrugs was peculiar to their country, for there were no such people either in Balnibarbi or Japan, where he had the honour to be ambassador from his majesty, and found the natives in both those kingdoms very hard to believe that the fact was possible: and it appeared from my astonishment when he first mentioned the matter to me, that I received it as a thing wholly new, and scarcely to be credited. That in the two kingdoms above mentioned, where, during his residence, he had conversed very much, he observed long life to be the universal desire and wish of mankind. That whoever had one foot in the grave was sure to hold back the other as strongly as he could. That the oldest had still hopes of living one day longer, and looked on death as the greatest evil, from which nature always prompted him to retreat. Only in this island of Luggnagg the appetite for living was not so eager, from the continual example of the struldbrugs before their eyes.

ambassador - ambassadeur, ambassadrice

scarcely - a peine, a peine, guere

credited - crédité, crédit, mérite, reconnaissance, attribution, générique

hold back - se retenir

prompted - a demandé, ponctuel, indicateur, invite de commande, inciter

retreat - retraite

eager - enthousiaste, désireux

"That the system of living contrived by me, was unreasonable and unjust; because it supposed a perpetuity of youth, health, and vigour, which no man could be so foolish to hope, however extravagant he may be in his wishes.

unreasonable - déraisonnable

perpetuity - perpétuité

wishes - souhaits, souhait, souhaiter, espérer

That the question therefore was not, whether a man would choose to be always in the prime of youth, attended with prosperity and health; but how he would pass a perpetual life under all the usual disadvantages which old age brings along with it.

prosperity - la prospérité, prospérité

disadvantages - les inconvénients, désavantage

For although few men will avow their desires of being immortal, upon such hard conditions, yet in the two kingdoms before mentioned, of Balnibarbi and Japan, he observed that every man desired to put off death some time longer, let it approach ever so late: and he rarely heard of any man who died willingly, except he were incited by the extremity of grief or torture.

desires - désirs, désirer, désir

put off - Mettre de côté

willingly - volontairement, volontiers

incited - incité, inciter

And he appealed to me, whether in those countries I had travelled, as well as my own, I had not observed the same general disposition."

appealed - a fait l'objet d'un appel, en appeler (a), supplier

After this preface, he gave me a particular account of the struldbrugs among them. He said, "they commonly acted like mortals till about thirty years old; after which, by degrees, they grew melancholy and dejected, increasing in both till they came to fourscore.

increasing - en augmentation, augmentant, (increase), augmenter, croître

This he learned from their own confession: for otherwise, there not being above two or three of that species born in an age, they were too few to form a general observation by.

confession - confession

When they came to fourscore years, which is reckoned the extremity of living in this country, they had not only all the follies and infirmities of other old men, but many more which arose from the dreadful prospect of never dying.

old men - des vieux hommes

arose from - est née de

They were not only opinionative, peevish, covetous, morose, vain, talkative, but incapable of friendship, and dead to all natural affection, which never descended below their grandchildren. Envy and impotent desires are their prevailing passions. But those objects against which their envy seems principally directed, are the vices of the younger sort and the deaths of the old.

opinionative - d'opinion

peevish - irritable, maussade, geignard

covetous - convoiteux

talkative - bavard, loquace

grandchildren - petits-enfants, petit-enfant

prevailing - prévalant, dominer, prévaloir, l'emporter, prédominer

principally - principalement

deaths - déces, mort, déces, camarde, la mort, l'arcane sans nom

By reflecting on the former, they find themselves cut off from all possibility of pleasure; and whenever they see a funeral, they lament and repine that others have gone to a harbour of rest to which they themselves never can hope to arrive.

possibility - possibilité

funeral - funérailles, obseques

lament - lamentations, lamentation, complainte, se lamenter, plaindre

repine - repine

They have no remembrance of anything but what they learned and observed in their youth and middle-age, and even that is very impe