Jane - jane, Jeanne

Charlotte - charlotte


preface - préface, préfacer

A preface to the first edition of "Jane Eyre" being unnecessary, I gave none: this second edition demands a few words both of acknowledgment and miscellaneous remark.

edition - édition

unnecessary - inutile

demands - demandes, demande, exigence, exiger

acknowledgment - l'accusé de réception, aveu, confession, reconnaissance

miscellaneous - divers

remark - remarque, remarquent, remarquez, remarquons

My thanks are due in three quarters.

due - due, du

To the Public, for the indulgent ear it has inclined to a plain tale with few pretensions.

indulgent - indulgent

plain - simple, unie, net, plaine

Tale - conte, récit

To the Press, for the fair field its honest suffrage has opened to an obscure aspirant.

press - presse, pressons, serre, pressent, pressez, serrer

honest - honnete, honnete, (hon) honnete

suffrage - le suffrage, suffrage

obscure - obscure, obscur, sibyllin, obscurcir

aspirant - aspirant

To my Publishers, for the aid their tact, their energy, their practical sense and frank liberality have afforded an unknown and unrecommended Author.

publishers - éditeurs, éditeur, maison d’édition

aid - l'aide, aider, aide, assister, secourir

tact - tact

practical - pratique

frank - franche, franc

liberality - générosité

afforded - de l'entreprise, permettre

unknown - inconnu, inconnue

unrecommended - déconseillé

The Press and the Public are but vague personifications for me, and I must thank them in vague terms; but my Publishers are definite: so are certain generous critics who have encouraged me as only large-hearted and high-minded men know how to encourage a struggling stranger; to them, i.e., to my Publishers and the select Reviewers, I say cordially, Gentlemen, I thank you from my heart.

vague - vague

personifications - des personnifications, personnification

definite - définitif

generous - généreux

critics - critiques, critique, critique (1-3), fr

encouraged - encouragé, encourager

struggling - en difficulté, luttant, (struggle), lutte, lutter, s'efforcer

select - sélect, choisir, sélectionner

reviewers - évaluateurs, relecteur, réviseur

cordially - cordialement

gentlemen - messieurs, gentilhomme, monsieur, messieurs-p

Having thus acknowledged what I owe those who have aided and approved me, I turn to another class; a small one, so far as I know, but not, therefore, to be overlooked.

thus - donc, ainsi, tellement, pour cette raison, également

acknowledged - reconnu, reconnaître, accuser réception, certifier

owe - doit, devoir

aided - aidée, aide

approved - approuvée, approuver

therefore - par conséquent, en conséquence, donc, pour ça

overlooked - négligé, vue, panorama, surplomber, négliger, louper

I mean the timorous or carping few who doubt the tendency of such books as "Jane Eyre:" in whose eyes whatever is unusual is wrong; whose ears detect in each protest against bigotry-that parent of crime-an insult to piety, that regent of God on earth. I would suggest to such doubters certain obvious distinctions; I would remind them of certain simple truths.

timorous - timorée

carping - des chicaneries, (carp) des chicaneries

tendency - tendance

whatever - quoi qu'il en soit, quel que soit, n'importe quel

detect - détecter, détectez, détectent, dénicher, détectons

protest - protester, protestation, manifestation

bigotry - le sectarisme, bigoterie

insult - insultes, insulter, insulte

piety - la piété, piété

Regent - régent, régente

doubters - les sceptiques, douteur

obvious - évidentes, évident

distinctions - distinctions, distinction, différence

remind - rappeler

truths - vérités, vérité

Conventionality is not morality. Self-righteousness is not religion. To attack the first is not to assail the last. To pluck the mask from the face of the Pharisee, is not to lift an impious hand to the Crown of Thorns.

conventionality - la conventionnalité

morality - moralité

self - soi, soi-meme

righteousness - la justice, justice

religion - religion

assail - agresser, assaillir

pluck - tirer, pincer, plumer, voler, abats, persévérance, (du) cour

mask - masque

Pharisee - pharisien

impious - impie

crown - couronne, couronner

thorns - épines, épine, thorn

These things and deeds are diametrically opposed: they are as distinct as is vice from virtue. Men too often confound them: they should not be confounded: appearance should not be mistaken for truth; narrow human doctrines, that only tend to elate and magnify a few, should not be substituted for the world-redeeming creed of Christ.

deeds - des actes, acte, action, ouvre, exploit, haut fait, prouesse

diametrically - diamétralement

opposed - opposée, s'opposer a, opposer

distinct - distinct, intelligible, reconnaissable

vice - vice, vertu

virtue - la vertu, vertu

be mistaken - se tromper

truth - la vérité, vérité

doctrines - doctrines, doctrine

tend - tendent, garder

elate - élate

magnify - agrandir

substituted - substituée, mettre, remplaçant, substitut

redeeming - racheter, libérer, secourir, soulager

creed - croyance, crédo, (cree) croyance

Christ - le christ, Christ, Messie, bon Dieu de merde

There is-I repeat it-a difference; and it is a good, and not a bad action to mark broadly and clearly the line of separation between them.

separation - la séparation, séparation

The world may not like to see these ideas dissevered, for it has been accustomed to blend them; finding it convenient to make external show pass for sterling worth-to let white-washed walls vouch for clean shrines.

accustomed - habitué, accoutumer

blend - mélange, mélanger, meler, mixer

Convenient - pratique, commode

external - externe

pass for - passe pour

worth - valeur

vouch for - se porter garant

shrines - sanctuaires, sanctuaire, lieu saint, châsse

It may hate him who dares to scrutinise and expose-to rase the gilding, and show base metal under it-to penetrate the sepulchre, and reveal charnel relics: but hate as it will, it is indebted to him.

dares - ose, oser

scrutinise - examiner

expose - exposer, dénoncer

rase - rase

base - base, baser, basent, socle, basez, Assise, basons

penetrate - pénétrer

sepulchre - sépulcre

reveal - révéler, laisser voir

charnel - charnier

relics - des reliques, reliquat, relique

indebted - endetté

Ahab did not like Micaiah, because he never prophesied good concerning him, but evil; probably he liked the sycophant son of Chenaannah better; yet might Ahab have escaped a bloody death, had he but stopped his ears to flattery, and opened them to faithful counsel.

Ahab - ahab, Achab

prophesied - prophétisé, prophétiser

concerning - concernant, inquiétude, souci, soin, préoccupation

evil - le mal, mauvais, torve

sycophant - flagorneur, leche-bottes

escaped - s'est échappé, échapper, s'échapper, éviter, tirer

bloody - sanglante

flattery - la flatterie, flatterie

faithful - fidele, fidele, loyal

counsel - conseil, expertise, plan, projet, conseiller

There is a man in our own days whose words are not framed to tickle delicate ears: who, to my thinking, comes before the great ones of society, much as the son of Imlah came before the throned Kings of Judah and Israel; and who speaks truth as deep, with a power as prophet-like and as vital-a mien as dauntless and as daring. Is the satirist of "Vanity Fair" admired in high places?

framed - encadré, encadrer, cadre, armature, ossature

tickle - chatouiller

delicate - délicate, délicat, délicat (1, 2)

throned - trôné, trône

Israel - israël

prophet - prophete, prophete, prophétesse, devin

vital - vitale, vital

mien - mien, mine

dauntless - sans souci, indomptable

daring - audacieux, courageux, checktéméraire, checkhardi

Vanity Fair - Vanity Fair

admired - admiré, admirer

I cannot tell; but I think if some of those amongst whom he hurls the Greek fire of his sarcasm, and over whom he flashes the levin-brand of his denunciation, were to take his warnings in time-they or their seed might yet escape a fatal Rimoth-Gilead.

amongst - entre, parmi

whom - que, qui

hurls - hurle, projeter, débecter, débecqueter

Greek - grec, grecque, grecques

sarcasm - sarcasme

flashes - flashes, éclair, lueur

levin - levin

brand - tison, marque, style, flétrir, marquer, graver, cataloguer

warnings - des avertissements, avertissement, attention

seed - semences, semailles, semence, pépin

escape - échapper, s'échapper, éviter, échapper (a quelqu'un), évasion

fatal - fatale, fatal

Why have I alluded to this man?

alluded - allusion, alluder, faire allusion, suggérer

I have alluded to him, Reader, because I think I see in him an intellect profounder and more unique than his contemporaries have yet recognised; because I regard him as the first social regenerator of the day-as the very master of that working corps who would restore to rectitude the warped system of things; because I think no commentator on his writings has yet found the comparison that suits him, the terms which rightly characterise his talent. They say he is like Fielding: they talk of his wit, humour, comic powers. He resembles Fielding as an eagle does a vulture: Fielding could stoop on carrion, but Thackeray never does. His wit is bright, his humour attractive, but both bear the same relation to his serious genius that the mere lambent sheet-lightning playing under the edge of the summer-cloud does to the electric death-spark hid in its womb. Finally, I have alluded to Mr. Thackeray, because to him-if he will accept the tribute of a total stranger-I have dedicated this second edition of "Jane Eyre."

profounder - profounder, profond

unique - unique

contemporaries - contemporains, contemporain

regard - regard, considérer, égard, estime

regenerator - régénérateur

Master - maître, patron, maîtriser, maitre, maîtrisent

corps - corps, (corp) corps

restore - restaurer, rétablir, rendre, restituer

rectitude - la rectitude, rectitude, droiture, rigueur

warped - déformé, gauchir

commentator - commentateur

writings - Des écrits, (writing) Des écrits

comparison - comparaison, degré

rightly - a juste titre

characterise - caractériser

talent - talent

wit - wit, esprit

humour - l'humour, humour, humeur, disposition, amadouer

comic - comique, cocasse, comédien, bande dessinée, BD

resembles - ressemble, ressembler

eagle - aigle, eagle, réussir un aigle

vulture - vautour, carencro, charognard

stoop - s'arreter, s'incliner, incliner

carrion - charogne

relation - relation, parent, parente

genius - génie

mere - simple

sheet-lightning - (sheet-lightning) éclairs diffus

edge - bord, côté, arete, carre

spark - l'étincelle, flammeche, étincelle

womb - l'utérus, utérus, ventre

tribute - hommage, tribut

Total - total, somme, entier, tout, totaliser

dedicated - dédié, consacrer, vouer, destiner, se consacrer, se dévouer


bell - cloche, sonnette

December 21st, 1847.


I avail myself of the opportunity which a third edition of "Jane Eyre" affords me, of again addressing a word to the Public, to explain that my claim to the title of novelist rests on this one work alone. If, therefore, the authorship of other works of fiction has been attributed to me, an honour is awarded where it is not merited; and consequently, denied where it is justly due.

avail - avail, profiter, saisir, servir

affords - permet, permettre

claim - réclamation, titre, affirmation, revendication, demande

novelist - romancier, romanciere

authorship - la paternité de l'ouvre, paternité

attributed - attribuée, attribut, épithete or déterminant

honour - l'honneur, honorer

merited - mérité, mérite, mériter

consequently - en conséquence

denied - refusée, nier, démentir, refuser

justly - a juste titre, justement

This explanation will serve to rectify mistakes which may already have been made, and to prevent future errors.

rectify - rectifier


April 13th, 1848.


Chapter - chapitre, branche, section

There was no possibility of taking a walk that day. We had been wandering, indeed, in the leafless shrubbery an hour in the morning; but since dinner (Mrs. Reed, when there was no company, dined early) the cold winter wind had brought with it clouds so sombre, and a rain so penetrating, that further out-door exercise was now out of the question.

wandering - l'errance, errement, errance, divagation, (wander), errer

indeed - certainement, vraiment, en effet, bien sur, certes

shrubbery - des arbustes, fruticée

reed - roseau

dined - dîné, vacarme

wind - vent, emmailloter, détortiller, langer, enrouler

sombre - sombre

penetrating - pénétrant, pénétrer

I was glad of it: I never liked long walks, especially on chilly afternoons: dreadful to me was the coming home in the raw twilight, with nipped fingers and toes, and a heart saddened by the chidings of Bessie, the nurse, and humbled by the consciousness of my physical inferiority to Eliza, John, and Georgiana Reed.

Glad - heureux, heureuse

chilly - frisquet

dreadful - épouvantable, redoutable, affreux, terrible

raw - cru, brut, nu

twilight - demi-jour, crépuscule, entre chien et loup, pénombre, brumes

nipped - nippé, pincer, donner un coup de dent

toes - orteils, orteil, doigt de pied

saddened - attristé, attrister

humbled - humilié, humble

consciousness - la conscience, conscience

inferiority - l'infériorité, infériorité

The said Eliza, John, and Georgiana were now clustered round their mama in the drawing-room: she lay reclined on a sofa by the fireside, and with her darlings about her (for the time neither quarrelling nor crying) looked perfectly happy.

clustered - en grappe, groupe, grappe, régime, amas, rench: -neededr

mama - maman

lay - laique, pondre, pose

sofa - canapé, sofa

by the fireside - au coin du feu

darlings - chéris, chéri, chérie

quarrelling - des querelles, (quarrel) des querelles

nor - ni, NON-OU

perfectly happy - parfaitement heureux

Me, she had dispensed from joining the group; saying, "She regretted to be under the necessity of keeping me at a distance; but that until she heard from Bessie, and could discover by her own observation, that I was endeavouring in good earnest to acquire a more sociable and childlike disposition, a more attractive and sprightly manner-something lighter, franker, more natural, as it were-she really must exclude me from privileges intended only for contented, happy, little children."

dispensed - distribué, émettre, distribuer, partager, dispenser, doser

regretted - regretté, regretter, regret

necessity - nécessité, besoin

observation - observation, remarque

endeavouring - s'efforcer, s'efforcer (de)

acquire - acquérir

more sociable - plus sociable

disposition - disposition, tempérament

sprightly - vif

franker - franker, (frank) franker

more natural - plus naturel

exclude - exclure

privileges - privileges, privilege, privilégier

intended - prévu, planifié, voulu, (intend), avoir l'intention

contented - satisfait

"What does Bessie say I have done?" I asked.

"Jane, I don't like cavillers or questioners; besides, there is something truly forbidding in a child taking up her elders in that manner. Be seated somewhere; and until you can speak pleasantly, remain silent."

besides - d'ailleurs, aupres

truly - vraiment

elders - les aînés, aîné

pleasantly - agréablement

remain - reste, rester, demeurer

silent - silencieux

A breakfast-room adjoined the drawing-room, I slipped in there. It contained a bookcase: I soon possessed myself of a volume, taking care that it should be one stored with pictures. I mounted into the window-seat: gathering up my feet, I sat cross-legged, like a Turk; and, having drawn the red moreen curtain nearly close, I was shrined in double retirement.

adjoined - adjacents, adjoindre, toucher

slipped - a glissé, glisser

bookcase - bibliotheque, bibliotheque

possessed - possédé, posséder, s'emparer de

volume - volume, tome

mounted - monté, monter

gathering - rassemblement, cueillant, amassant, ramassage

Turk - turk, Turc, Turque

moreen - moreen

curtain - rideau

shrined - sanctuarisé, sanctuaire, lieu saint, châsse

retirement - la retraite, retraite

Folds of scarlet drapery shut in my view to the right hand; to the left were the clear panes of glass, protecting, but not separating me from the drear November day. At intervals, while turning over the leaves of my book, I studied the aspect of that winter afternoon.

folds - plis, plier

scarlet - écarlate

drapery - draperie, rideau

panes - vitres, vitre

drear - drear

intervals - intervalles, intervalle

turning over - Tourner

aspect - aspect, rench: t-needed r

Afar, it offered a pale blank of mist and cloud; near a scene of wet lawn and storm-beat shrub, with ceaseless rain sweeping away wildly before a long and lamentable blast.

afar - loin, afar

offered - proposé, offrir, proposer

pale - pâle, hâve

mist - brouillard, brume

lawn - pelouse, gazon, gazer

shrub - arbuste

ceaseless - incessant

sweeping away - balayer

wildly - sauvage, sauvagement

lamentable - lamentable

blast - explosion, souffle

I returned to my book-Bewick's History of British Birds: the letterpress thereof I cared little for, generally speaking; and yet there were certain introductory pages that, child as I was, I could not pass quite as a blank.

letterpress - la typographie

thereof - de ces derniers, de

generally - en général

introductory - d'introduction

They were those which treat of the haunts of sea-fowl; of "the solitary rocks and promontories" by them only inhabited; of the coast of Norway, studded with isles from its southern extremity, the Lindeness, or Naze, to the North Cape-

treat - négocier, traiter, régaler, guérir, soigner

haunts - hunts, hanter, demeurer, point de rencontre

fowl - volaille, poule

solitary - solitaire, seul, un a un

promontories - promontoires, promontoire

inhabited - habité, habiter

Norway - norvege, Norvege

studded - clouté, écurie

Isles - isles, île

southern - méridionale, méridional, sud, austral, sudiste

extremity - l'extrémité, extrémité

Naze - naze

Cape - le cap, cap

"Where the Northern Ocean, in vast whirls,

Northern - nord, septentrional, boréal, bise

vast - vaste

whirls - tourbillons, tourbillonner

Boils round the naked, melancholy isles

naked - nue, nu, a poil, dénudé

melancholy - mélancolie

Of farthest Thule; and the Atlantic surge

Thule - Thulé

surge - sursaut, montée, poussée, vague, afflux, houle, pompage

Pours in among the stormy Hebrides."

pours - versés, verser, se déverser

stormy - orageux

Hebrides - Hébrides

Nor could I pass unnoticed the suggestion of the bleak shores of Lapland, Siberia, Spitzbergen, Nova Zembla, Iceland, Greenland, with "the vast sweep of the Arctic Zone, and those forlorn regions of dreary space,-that reservoir of frost and snow, where firm fields of ice, the accumulation of centuries of winters, glazed in Alpine heights above heights, surround the pole, and concentre the multiplied rigours of extreme cold." Of these death-white realms I formed an idea of my own: shadowy, like all the half-comprehended notions that float dim through children's brains, but strangely impressive. The words in these introductory pages connected themselves with the succeeding vignettes, and gave significance to the rock standing up alone in a sea of billow and spray; to the broken boat stranded on a desolate coast; to the cold and ghastly moon glancing through bars of cloud at a wreck just sinking.

unnoticed - inaperçue

bleak - sombre, pelée, désagréable

shores - rivages, rivage

Lapland - la laponie, Laponie

Siberia - la sibérie, Sibérie

Nova - nova, (novum) nova

Iceland - l'islande, Islande

Greenland - le groenland, Groenland

sweep - balayer, balayage

Arctic Zone - La zone arctique

forlorn - délaissée, abandonné, perdu, miserable, désespéré

dreary - lugubre, terne, insipide, maussade

reservoir - réservoir

frost - givre, gel

firm - ferme, social, robuste, maison de commerce, solide

glazed - vitrifié, glaçure, émail, glacis, glaçage, givre

Alpine - alpin, montagnard

surround - entourer, enceindre

pole - pôle, poteau, pieu, Gaule, pole

concentre - concentre

multiplied - multipliée, multiplier

rigours - rigueurs, rigueur

realms - royaumes, domaine, royaume

shadowy - ombrageux, sombre

comprehended - compris, comprendre

notions - notions, notion

float - flotter, flotteur, taloche, char, flottant, float

dim - dim, faible, vague

strangely - étrangement

impressive - impressionnante

vignettes - vignettes, vignette

significance - importance (1), signification (2)

billow - la lune, flot, ondoyer

spray - pulvériser, embrun

stranded - en panne, etre échoué

desolate - désolée, ravager, désoler

ghastly - épouvantable, effrayant, affreux, horrible

glancing - un coup d'oil, (glance), jeter un coup d’oil

wreck - épave, carcasse, accident, bousiller, ruiner

sinking - en train de couler, naufrage, (sink), couler, s'enfoncer

I cannot tell what sentiment haunted the quite solitary churchyard, with its inscribed headstone; its gate, its two trees, its low horizon, girdled by a broken wall, and its newly-risen crescent, attesting the hour of eventide.

sentiment - sentiment

haunted - hanté, hanter, demeurer, point de rencontre

inscribed - inscrit, graver

headstone - pierre tombale

horizon - horizon

girdled - ceinturé, ceinture

newly - nouvellement, récemment

Crescent - le croissant, croissant

attesting - l'attestation, attester

eventide - couchant

The two ships becalmed on a torpid sea, I believed to be marine phantoms.

torpid - immobile, torpide

marine - marine, marin, maritime, marinier

phantoms - fantômes, fantôme

The fiend pinning down the thief's pack behind him, I passed over quickly: it was an object of terror.

fiend - fieffé, démon, monstre, addict

pinning - brochage, (pin) brochage

terror - la terreur, terreur, effroi, terrorisme

So was the black horned thing seated aloof on a rock, surveying a distant crowd surrounding a gallows.

horned - a cornes, corne, cor, klaxon, cuivres-p

aloof - a l'écart, a distance, dédaigneusement, distant, dédaigneux

distant - distante, distant, lointain, éloigné

gallows - la potence, potence, (gallow) la potence

Each picture told a story; mysterious often to my undeveloped understanding and imperfect feelings, yet ever profoundly interesting: as interesting as the tales Bessie sometimes narrated on winter evenings, when she chanced to be in good humour; and when, having brought her ironing-table to the nursery hearth, she allowed us to sit about it, and while she got up Mrs.

mysterious - mystérieux

undeveloped - non développé

imperfect - imparfait

feelings - sentiments

profoundly - profondément

tales - contes, conte, récit

Narrated - raconté, raconter, conter, narrer, rapporter, relater

ironing - le repassage, repassage, vetements a repasser

nursery - pépiniere, creche, pouponniere, pépiniere

hearth - âtre, foyer, foyers

Reed's lace frills, and crimped her nightcap borders, fed our eager attention with passages of love and adventure taken from old fairy tales and other ballads; or (as at a later period I discovered) from the pages of Pamela, and Henry, Earl of Moreland.

lace - dentelle, pointue

frills - des fioritures, volant

nightcap - bonnet de nuit

borders - frontieres, frontiere, bord, bordure, délimiter, border

eager - enthousiaste, désireux

passages - passages, passage

fairy tales - des contes de fées

ballads - des ballades, ballade

earl - earl, comte

With Bewick on my knee, I was then happy: happy at least in my way. I feared nothing but interruption, and that came too soon. The breakfast-room door opened.

interruption - interruption

"Boh! Madam Mope!" cried the voice of John Reed; then he paused: he found the room apparently empty.

boh - boh

madam - madame, mere maquerelle, tenanciere

Mope - se morfondre, broyer du noir

paused - en pause, pauser, pause

apparently - apparemment, évidemment, en apparence

"Where the dickens is she!" he continued. "Lizzy! Georgy! (calling to his sisters) Joan is not here: tell mama she is run out into the rain-bad animal!"

"It is well I drew the curtain," thought I; and I wished fervently he might not discover my hiding-place: nor would John Reed have found it out himself; he was not quick either of vision or conception; but Eliza just put her head in at the door, and said at once-

fervently - avec ferveur, fervemment

vision - vision, vue, aspiration, apparition

conception - conception

"She is in the window-seat, to be sure, Jack."

Jack - Jeannot, Jacques, Jacob, Jack

And I came out immediately, for I trembled at the idea of being dragged forth by the said Jack.

trembled - tremblait, trembler, vibrer, tremblement, vibration

dragged - traîné, tirer, entraîner

forth - avant, en avant

"What do you want?" I asked, with awkward diffidence.

awkward - maladroit, gauche, embarrassant, inconvenant

diffidence - la défiance, timidité

"Say, 'What do you want, Master Reed?'" was the answer. "I want you to come here;" and seating himself in an arm-chair, he intimated by a gesture that I was to approach and stand before him.

arm-chair - (arm-chair) fauteuil

intimated - intimidée, intime

gesture - geste, signe

approach - approche, approchons, abordent, abordez, rapprochons

John Reed was a schoolboy of fourteen years old; four years older than I, for I was but ten: large and stout for his age, with a dingy and unwholesome skin; thick lineaments in a spacious visage, heavy limbs and large extremities. He gorged himself habitually at table, which made him bilious, and gave him a dim and bleared eye and flabby cheeks.

schoolboy - éleve, écolier

stout - stout, solide

dingy - terne, miteux

unwholesome - malsain

lineaments - des linéaments, linéament

spacious - spacieux, ample, grand, logeable

limbs - membres, membre

extremities - les extrémités, extrémité

gorged - gorgé, gorge

habitually - de maniere habituelle

bilious - bilieux, insuffisant hépatique, bilieuse, biliaire

flabby cheeks - des joues flasques

He ought now to have been at school; but his mama had taken him home for a month or two, "on account of his delicate health." Mr.

account - compte, supputation, demande

Miles, the master, affirmed that he would do very well if he had fewer cakes and sweetmeats sent him from home; but the mother's heart turned from an opinion so harsh, and inclined rather to the more refined idea that John's sallowness was owing to over-application and, perhaps, to pining after home.

sweetmeats - des sucreries, friandise

mother's heart - le cour d'une mere

harsh - sévere, sévere, rude, cruel, dur, checkdure

more refined - plus raffiné

sallowness - pâleur

owing - owing, devoir

application - l'application, application, programme, candidature, demande

pining - se languir, pin

John had not much affection for his mother and sisters, and an antipathy to me. He bullied and punished me; not two or three times in the week, nor once or twice in the day, but continually: every nerve I had feared him, and every morsel of flesh in my bones shrank when he came near.

antipathy - l'antipathie, antipathie

bullied - harcelés, brimeur, brute, tyran, intimider, tourmenter

punished - puni, punir, châtier

nerve - nerf, nervure, toupet, culot, cran

morsel - morceau

flesh - de la chair, chair, peau, viande, corps, pulpe

shrank - s'est rétréci, se réduire, rétrécir, se resserrer

There were moments when I was bewildered by the terror he inspired, because I had no appeal whatever against either his menaces or his inflictions; the servants did not like to offend their young master by taking my part against him, and Mrs.

bewildered - déconcertés, abasourdir, confondre, déconcerter, dérouter

inspired - inspirée, inspirer

appeal - appel, manifeste, vocation, pourvoi

menaces - menaces, menace

servants - serviteurs, serviteur, domestique, servante, fr

offend - offenser, déplaire, blesser, checkblesser, checkinsulter

Reed was blind and deaf on the subject: she never saw him strike or heard him abuse me, though he did both now and then in her very presence, more frequently, however, behind her back.

blind - aveugle, mal-voyant, mal-voyante, store, blind, aveugler

deaf - sourd, les sourds

strike - greve, biffer, rayer, barrer, frapper, battre, faire greve

abuse - abus, défaut, abuser, insulter, tourmenter, abusons

though - mais, néanmoins, cependant, malgré, bien que

presence - présence

frequently - fréquemment

Habitually obedient to John, I came up to his chair: he spent some three minutes in thrusting out his tongue at me as far as he could without damaging the roots: I knew he would soon strike, and while dreading the blow, I mused on the disgusting and ugly appearance of him who would presently deal it.

obedient - obéissant

thrusting - poussée, (thrust), estocade, propulser

tongue - langue, languette

damaging - dommageable, dégât, dommage, endommager, abîmer

roots - des racines, racine

dreading - redouté, redouter, craindre, crainte

mused - a réfléchi, muse

disgusting - dégoutant, dégouter, dégout

ugly - laid, moche, vilain

I wonder if he read that notion in my face; for, all at once, without speaking, he struck suddenly and strongly. I tottered, and on regaining my equilibrium retired back a step or two from his chair.

wonder - merveille, se demander, conjecturer

notion - notion

struck - frappé, biffer, rayer, barrer, frapper, battre

strongly - fort, fortement

tottered - chancelante, tituber, chute, écroulement

Regaining - la reconquete, reconquérir, reprendre

equilibrium - l'équilibre, équilibre

retired - a la retraite, prendre sa retraite

"That is for your impudence in answering mama awhile since," said he, "and for your sneaking way of getting behind curtains, and for the look you had in your eyes two minutes since, you rat!"

impudence - l'impudence, impudence

awhile - pendant ce temps, un moment, un peu, un instant

sneaking - en cachette, resquilleur, faucher, piquer, resquiller, cacher

curtains - rideaux, rideau

rat - rat

Accustomed to John Reed's abuse, I never had an idea of replying to it; my care was how to endure the blow which would certainly follow the insult.

endure - endurer, perdurer, supporter

"What were you doing behind the curtain?" he asked.

"I was reading."

"Show the book."

I returned to the window and fetched it thence.

fetched - fouillé, aller chercher

thence - d'ou, des lors

"You have no business to take our books; you are a dependent, mama says; you have no money; your father left you none; you ought to beg, and not to live here with gentlemen's children like us, and eat the same meals we do, and wear clothes at our mama's expense. Now, I'll teach you to rummage my bookshelves: for they are mine; all the house belongs to me, or will do in a few years.

dependent - dépendant, dépendante

beg - mendier, implorer, prier

expense - dépenses, dépense

rummage - fouiller

bookshelves - des étageres, bibliotheque, étagere

Go and stand by the door, out of the way of the mirror and the windows."

I did so, not at first aware what was his intention; but when I saw him lift and poise the book and stand in act to hurl it, I instinctively started aside with a cry of alarm: not soon enough, however; the volume was flung, it hit me, and I fell, striking my head against the door and cutting it. The cut bled, the pain was sharp: my terror had passed its climax; other feelings succeeded.

aware - conscient, attentif, vigilant, en éveil, en alerte

intention - intention

poise - l'équilibre, assurance, aisance, sang-froid, aplomb, poise

hurl - hurler, projeter, débecter, débecqueter

aside - a part, a côté, en passant, aparté

alarm - alarme, réveille-matin, réveil, alarmer, donner/sonner l'alerte

flung - jeté, lancer

striking - frappant, éclatant, (strike), biffer, rayer, barrer, frapper

bled - bled, saigner, purger, prélever, fond perdu

sharp - pointu, affilé, coupant, affuté, tranchant

climax - l'apogée, climax, apogée, paroxysme, jouissance, orgasme

"Wicked and cruel boy!" I said. "You are like a murderer-you are like a slave-driver-you are like the Roman emperors!"

wicked - méchante, chicaneur, torve, (wick) méchante

cruel - cruel

murderer - meurtrier, meurtriere, assassin, assassine

slave - esclave, serf, serve

emperors - empereurs, empereur

I had read Goldsmith's History of Rome, and had formed my opinion of Nero, Caligula, etc. Also I had drawn parallels in silence, which I never thought thus to have declared aloud.

goldsmith - orfevre, orfevre, orfevresse

Rome - rome

etc - etc

parallels - des paralleles, parallele, parallele a, parallelement

silence - le silence, silence

declared - déclarée, expliquer, déclarer

aloud - a haute voix, a voix haute, a haute voix, fort

"What! what!" he cried. "Did she say that to me? Did you hear her, Eliza and Georgiana? Won't I tell mama? but first-"

He ran headlong at me: I felt him grasp my hair and my shoulder: he had closed with a desperate thing. I really saw in him a tyrant, a murderer. I felt a drop or two of blood from my head trickle down my neck, and was sensible of somewhat pungent suffering: these sensations for the time predominated over fear, and I received him in frantic sort.

headlong - tete baissée, la tete la premiere

grasp - saisir, agripper, comprendre

desperate - désespérée, désespéré

tyrant - tyran

trickle - goutte a goutte, filet, dégoulinade, verser goutte a goutte

sensible - sensible, sensé, raisonnable

somewhat - en quelque sorte, assez, quelque peu

pungent - âcre, pointu, piquant

suffering - la souffrance, souffrance, douleur

sensations - sensations, sensation

frantic - éperdu, paniqué, frénétique

I don't very well know what I did with my hands, but he called me "Rat! Rat!" and bellowed out aloud. Aid was near him: Eliza and Georgiana had run for Mrs. Reed, who was gone upstairs: she now came upon the scene, followed by Bessie and her maid Abbot. We were parted: I heard the words-

bellowed - a beuglé, mugir, beugler

upon - sur, a

maid - femme de ménage, demoiselle, jeune fille, bonne

Abbot - abbé

"Dear! dear! What a fury to fly at Master John!"

"Did ever anybody see such a picture of passion!"

passion - passion

Then Mrs. Reed subjoined-

"Take her away to the red-room, and lock her in there." Four hands were immediately laid upon me, and I was borne upstairs.

laid - posé, poser


I resisted all the way: a new thing for me, and a circumstance which greatly strengthened the bad opinion Bessie and Miss Abbot were disposed to entertain of me.

resisted - résisté, résister, s'opposer, rejeter, dégouter

circumstance - circonstances, circonstance

greatly - grandement

strengthened - renforcée, renforcer, affermir, raffermir, fortifier

disposed - disposé, débarrasser

entertain - divertir

The fact is, I was a trifle beside myself; or rather out of myself, as the French would say: I was conscious that a moment's mutiny had already rendered me liable to strange penalties, and, like any other rebel slave, I felt resolved, in my desperation, to go all lengths.

trifle - bagatelle, broutille, babiole, bricole

beside - a côté, aupres

French - français, tlangue française, t+Français

conscious - conscient

mutiny - révolte, mutinerie

rendered - rendu, rendre

liable - responsable

penalties - des sanctions, penalisation, peine

rebel - rebelle, cabrer

resolved - résolu, prendre la résolution de

desperation - le désespoir, désespoir

lengths - des longueurs, longueur, durée

"Hold her arms, Miss Abbot: she's like a mad cat."

mad - fou, folle, fol, fâché, en colere

"For shame! for shame!" cried the lady's-maid. "What shocking conduct, Miss Eyre, to strike a young gentleman, your benefactress's son! Your young master."

shame - la honte, honte, vergogne

shocking - choquant, choc

conduct - comportement, conduite, se comporter, conduire, mener

gentleman - gentilhomme, monsieur, messieurs

"Master! How is he my master? Am I a servant?"

servant - serviteur, domestique, servante, checkserviteur

"No; you are less than a servant, for you do nothing for your keep. There, sit down, and think over your wickedness."

think over - réfléchir

wickedness - méchanceté, perversité, iniquité, mauvaise action

They had got me by this time into the apartment indicated by Mrs. Reed, and had thrust me upon a stool: my impulse was to rise from it like a spring; their two pair of hands arrested me instantly.

indicated - indiqué, indiquer, signaler

thrust - estocade, poussée, propulser

stool - tabouret

impulse - impulsion

arrested - arreté, arrestation, arreter

instantly - instantanément, instamment

"If you don't sit still, you must be tied down," said Bessie. "Miss Abbot, lend me your garters; she would break mine directly."

be tied - etre attaché

garters - jarretieres, jarretiere, jarretelle

directly - directement, checktout droit

Miss Abbot turned to divest a stout leg of the necessary ligature. This preparation for bonds, and the additional ignominy it inferred, took a little of the excitement out of me.

ligature - ligature

preparation - préparation, concoction

Bonds - les obligations, lien

additional - supplémentaires, additionnel

ignominy - l'ignominie, ignominie

inferred - déduit, déduire, inférer

excitement - l'excitation, excitation

"Don't take them off," I cried; "I will not stir."

stir - remuer, affecter

In guarantee whereof, I attached myself to my seat by my hands.

guarantee - garantie, garantir

whereof - de quoi s'agit-il, dont

attached - attachée, attacher

"Mind you don't," said Bessie; and when she had ascertained that I was really subsiding, she loosened her hold of me; then she and Miss Abbot stood with folded arms, looking darkly and doubtfully on my face, as incredulous of my sanity.

ascertained - vérifié, constater, définir

subsiding - s'affaisser, tomber, calmer

loosened - desserré, desserrer

folded - plié, plier

darkly - sombrement

doubtfully - douteux, douteusement

incredulous - incrédule

sanity - la santé mentale, santé mentale

"She never did so before," at last said Bessie, turning to the Abigail.

"But it was always in her," was the reply. "I've told Missis often my opinion about the child, and Missis agreed with me. She's an underhand little thing: I never saw a girl of her age with so much cover."

missis - missis

underhand - en dessous de la main

Bessie answered not; but ere long, addressing me, she said-"You ought to be aware, Miss, that you are under obligations to Mrs. Reed: she keeps you: if she were to turn you off, you would have to go to the poorhouse."

ere - ici

obligations - obligations, obligation, engagement, fr

I had nothing to say to these words: they were not new to me: my very first recollections of existence included hints of the same kind. This reproach of my dependence had become a vague sing-song in my ear: very painful and crushing, but only half intelligible. Miss Abbot joined in-

existence - l'existence, existence

hints - indices, indication, soupçon, faire allusion

reproach - des reproches, reproche, opprobre, reprocher

dependence - dépendance

painful - douloureux, laborieux

crushing - l'écrasement, barricade, béguin, amourette, faible

intelligible - intelligible

"And you ought not to think yourself on an equality with the Misses Reed and Master Reed, because Missis kindly allows you to be brought up with them. They will have a great deal of money, and you will have none: it is your place to be humble, and to try to make yourself agreeable to them."

equality - l'égalité, égalité

humble - humble

agreeable - agréable, complaisant

"What we tell you is for your good," added Bessie, in no harsh voice, "you should try to be useful and pleasant, then, perhaps, you would have a home here; but if you become passionate and rude, Missis will send you away, I am sure."

pleasant - agréable, plaisant

passionate - passionné

"Besides," said Miss Abbot, "God will punish her: He might strike her dead in the midst of her tantrums, and then where would she go? Come, Bessie, we will leave her: I wouldn't have her heart for anything. Say your prayers, Miss Eyre, when you are by yourself; for if you don't repent, something bad might be permitted to come down the chimney and fetch you away."

punish - punir, châtier

midst - centre, milieu

tantrums - des crises de colere, acces de colere, caprice

repent - se repentir, repentir, repentez, repentons, repentent

permitted - autorisé, permettre

chimney - cheminée

fetch - chercher, apporter, aveignez, amener, aveignent, apportons

They went, shutting the door, and locking it behind them.

The red-room was a square chamber, very seldom slept in, I might say never, indeed, unless when a chance influx of visitors at Gateshead Hall rendered it necessary to turn to account all the accommodation it contained: yet it was one of the largest and stateliest chambers in the mansion.

seldom - rarement

Unless - a moins que, a moins que, sauf si

influx - l'afflux, influx

turn to account - Rendre compte

accommodation - l'hébergement, hébergement, logement, accommodation

stateliest - le plus élevé, imposant

chambers - chambres, chambre, piece, salle

mansion - manoir, demeure

A bed supported on massive pillars of mahogany, hung with curtains of deep red damask, stood out like a tabernacle in the centre; the two large windows, with their blinds always drawn down, were half shrouded in festoons and falls of similar drapery; the carpet was red; the table at the foot of the bed was covered with a crimson cloth; the walls were a soft fawn colour with a blush of pink in it; the wardrobe, the toilet-table, the chairs were of darkly polished old mahogany. Out of these deep surrounding shades rose high, and glared white, the piled-up mattresses and pillows of the bed, spread with a snowy Marseilles counterpane. Scarcely less prominent was an ample cushioned easy-chair near the head of the bed, also white, with a footstool before it; and looking, as I thought, like a pale throne.

massive - massive, massif

pillars - piliers, pilier, pile

mahogany - acajou, mahagoni

hung - accroché, suspendre, etre accroché

damask - damas, lie-de-vin

tabernacle - tabernacle

blinds - des stores, aveugle, mal-voyant, mal-voyante, store, blind

shrouded - enveloppée, linceul

festoons - festons, feston, guirlande

crimson - cramoisi, carmin, pourpre

cloth - tissu, étoffe, tenue

Fawn - fauve, faon

blush - rougir

wardrobe - garde-robe, armoire

toilet-table - (toilet-table) table de toilette

polished - polie, polonais

shades - nuances, alose

glared - éblouie, éclat

piled-up - (piled-up) empilés

mattresses - matelas

pillows - oreillers, oreiller, tetiere

spread - se propager, étaler, écarter, disperser, répandre, éparpiller

snowy - enneigée, neigeux

counterpane - contreplaqué, courtepointe

scarcely - a peine, a peine, guere

ample - ample

cushioned - amortie, coussin, amortir

footstool - tabouret, reposeied

throne - trône

This room was chill, because it seldom had a fire; it was silent, because remote from the nursery and kitchen; solemn, because it was known to be so seldom entered. The house-maid alone came here on Saturdays, to wipe from the mirrors and the furniture a week's quiet dust: and Mrs.

chill - refroidissement, froid

remote - a distance, distant, éloigné, télécommande

solemn - solennel

on Saturdays - le samedi

wipe - essuyer, essuyez, essuyent, essuyons

dust - la poussiere, poussiere, épousseter, pulvériser

Reed herself, at far intervals, visited it to review the contents of a certain secret drawer in the wardrobe, where were stored divers parchments, her jewel-casket, and a miniature of her deceased husband; and in those last words lies the secret of the red-room-the spell which kept it so lonely in spite of its grandeur.

Contents - contenu, satisfait

drawer - tiroir, souscripteur

divers - des plongeurs, plongeur, plongeuse

parchments - parchemins, parchemin, vélin

jewel - joyau, bijou, pierre d'horlogerie, rubis

casket - cercueil, coffret

miniature - miniature, enluminure, figurine

deceased - décédé, déces, décéder, expirer, mourir, trépasser

lonely - solitaire, seul, désert, abandonné

spite - dépit, rancune

grandeur - grandeur, splendeur

Mr. Reed had been dead nine years: it was in this chamber he breathed his last; here he lay in state; hence his coffin was borne by the undertaker's men; and, since that day, a sense of dreary consecration had guarded it from frequent intrusion.

chamber - chambre, piece, salle

breathed - respiré, respirer, inspirer, expirer

hence - d'ou, d'ici, ainsi, donc, d'ou

coffin - cercueil

undertaker - croque-mort, directeur de funérailles

consecration - la consécration, consécration

guarded - gardé, garde, protection, gardien, arriere

frequent - fréquents, fréquenter

intrusion - intrusion

My seat, to which Bessie and the bitter Miss Abbot had left me riveted, was a low ottoman near the marble chimney-piece; the bed rose before me; to my right hand there was the high, dark wardrobe, with subdued, broken reflections varying the gloss of its panels; to my left were the muffled windows; a great looking-glass between them repeated the vacant majesty of the bed and room.

Bitter - amere, amer, saumâtre

riveted - rivetés, rivet, riveter

ottoman - ottoman, divan, ottomane, pouf

marble - marbre, bille, grillot, marbrer

subdued - atténué, soumettre, subjuguer, assujettir

reflections - réflexions, réflexion, reflet, qualifiereaning 4

varying - varier

gloss - gloss, brillant

panels - panneaux, panneau, table ronde, case, vignette, , g

muffled - étouffé, assourdir

vacant - vacant, vide, niais

Majesty - majesté

I was not quite sure whether they had locked the door; and when I dared move, I got up and went to see. Alas! yes: no jail was ever more secure. Returning, I had to cross before the looking-glass; my fascinated glance involuntarily explored the depth it revealed.

whether - si, que, soit, si oui ou non

dared - osé, oser

Alas - hélas, hélas!, (ala) hélas

jail - prison, geôle

secure - sécurisé, sur, sécuriser

fascinated - fasciné, fasciner

glance - regard, jeter un coup d’oil

involuntarily - involontairement

explored - exploré, explorer

depth - profondeur, épaisseur

revealed - révélée, révéler, laisser voir

All looked colder and darker in that visionary hollow than in reality: and the strange little figure there gazing at me, with a white face and arms specking the gloom, and glittering eyes of fear moving where all else was still, had the effect of a real spirit: I thought it like one of the tiny phantoms, half fairy, half imp, Bessie's evening stories represented as coming out of lone, ferny dells in moors, and appearing before the eyes of belated travellers. I returned to my stool.

visionary - visionnaire, illusoire, imaginaire, prophétique, utopique

hollow - creux, cavez, caver, cavent, cavons

reality - la réalité, réalité, vérité

gazing at - a regarder

specking - spéculation, petite tache

gloom - obscurité, pénombre, grisaille, morosité, noirceur

glittering - scintillant, étincelant, (glitter), étincellement, paillette

spirit - l'esprit, esprit, moral, élan, spiritueux

tiny - minuscule

fairy - fée, tapette, folle

imp - diablotin

represented - représentée, représenter

Lone - solitaire, seul, isolé, unique

ferny - ferny

moors - landes, lande

travellers - voyageurs, voyageur, voyageuse

Superstition was with me at that moment; but it was not yet her hour for complete victory: my blood was still warm; the mood of the revolted slave was still bracing me with its bitter vigour; I had to stem a rapid rush of retrospective thought before I quailed to the dismal present.

superstition - superstition

victory - victoire

mood - l'humeur, humeur, changeant, ambiance, diapason

revolted - révoltés, révolter

vigour - force, vigueur, énergie

rapid - rapide, rapides

rush - rush, ruée, affluence, gazer, galoper, bousculer

retrospective - rétrospective, rétrospectif

quailed - quailed, reculer (devant)

dismal - lamentable, misérable, morne, lugubre, déprimant

All John Reed's violent tyrannies, all his sisters'proud indifference, all his mother's aversion, all the servants'partiality, turned up in my disturbed mind like a dark deposit in a turbid well. Why was I always suffering, always browbeaten, always accused, for ever condemned? Why could I never please? Why was it useless to try to win any one's favour?

violent - violent, vif

tyrannies - tyrannies, tyrannie

proud - fiers, fier, orgueilleux

indifference - l'indifférence, indifférence

aversion - l'aversion, aversion

partiality - partialité

disturbed - perturbé, déranger, perturber, gener

deposit - dépôt, gisement, acompte, arrhes, caution, déposer

turbid - turbide, trouble

browbeaten - intimidés, intimider, brusquer

accused - accusé, accuser

condemned - condamnée, condamner, déclarer coupable

useless - inutile, inutilisable, bon a rien

favour - favorable, faveur, complaisance, favoriser

Eliza, who was headstrong and selfish, was respected. Georgiana, who had a spoiled temper, a very acrid spite, a captious and insolent carriage, was universally indulged. Her beauty, her pink cheeks and golden curls, seemed to give delight to all who looked at her, and to purchase indemnity for every fault.

headstrong - tetu, obstiné

Selfish - égoiste, égoiste

respected - respecté, respect, respecter

spoiled - gâté, gâter, gâcher, tourner, dévoiler, révéler

temper - caractere, tempérament, humeur, état d'esprit, recuit

acrid - âcre

captious - captieux, piege, pinailleur

insolent - insolent

carriage - transport, rench: t-needed r, carrosse, port, chariot

universally - universellement

indulged - se sont-ils laissés aller, céder, succomber, dorloter, gâter

beauty - la beauté, beauté

cheeks - joues, joue, fesse, culot, toupet, potence de bringuebale

curls - boucles, boucle, rotationnel, boucler

delight - plaisir, délice, joie, enchanter, ravir

purchase - l'achat, achat, acquisition, acheter, acquérir

indemnity - l'indemnité, garantie, indemnité, compensation

fault - défaut, faute, faille

John no one thwarted, much less punished; though he twisted the necks of the pigeons, killed the little pea-chicks, set the dogs at the sheep, stripped the hothouse vines of their fruit, and broke the buds off the choicest plants in the conservatory: he called his mother "old girl," too; sometimes reviled her for her dark skin, similar to his own; bluntly disregarded her wishes; not unfrequently tore and spoiled her silk attire; and he was still "her own darling." I dared commit no fault: I strove to fulfil every duty; and I was termed naughty and tiresome, sullen and sneaking, from morning to noon, and from noon to night.

thwarted - contrecarrée, contrecarrer, contrarier, banc

twisted - tordu, twist, torsion, entortiller, tordre

pigeons - pigeons, pigeon

pea - pois

chicks - poussins, oisillon

set - set, Seth

stripped - dépouillé, enlever

hothouse - serre, vivier

vines - vignes, grimpante

buds - bourgeons, bourgeon

conservatory - jardin d'hiver, serre

reviled - vilipendé, insulter

bluntly - sans détour, abruptement, a bruleourpoint, sans ménagement

disregarded - ignorée, mépris, ignorer, mépriser

unfrequently - rarement

tore - a la déchirure

silk - soie

darling - chéri, chérie

commit - s'engager, confier, commettre, remettre, consigner, commit

strove - s'efforcer, s'efforcer de

fulfil - remplir, accomplir

Duty - le devoir, devoir, obligation, service, travail, taxe

naughty - malicieux, malin, méchant, vilain, risqué

tiresome - lassant

sullen - maussade, morose, morne, lent

noon - midi

My head still ached and bled with the blow and fall I had received: no one had reproved John for wantonly striking me; and because I had turned against him to avert farther irrational violence, I was loaded with general opprobrium.

ached - a souffert, douleur

reproved - réprouvé, réprimander, reprocher

wantonly - a tort et a travers

avert - éviter, prévenir

irrational - irrationnel

violence - la violence, violence

loaded - chargé, charge, chargement

opprobrium - l'opprobre, opprobre

"Unjust!-unjust!" said my reason, forced by the agonising stimulus into precocious though transitory power: and Resolve, equally wrought up, instigated some strange expedient to achieve escape from insupportable oppression-as running away, or, if that could not be effected, never eating or drinking more, and letting myself die.

unjust - injuste

forced - forcée, force

stimulus - stimulus

precocious - précoce

transitory - transitoire

resolve - résoudre, résolvons, résolvent, résolvez

equally - également

instigated - instigué, inciter, susciter

expedient - opportun, expédient

insupportable - insupportable

oppression - l'oppression, oppression

What a consternation of soul was mine that dreary afternoon! How all my brain was in tumult, and all my heart in insurrection! Yet in what darkness, what dense ignorance, was the mental battle fought! I could not answer the ceaseless inward question-why I thus suffered; now, at the distance of-I will not say how many years, I see it clearly.

consternation - consternation, sidération, accablement, prostration

soul - âme

tumult - tumultes, barouf, baroufe, bagarre

insurrection - l'insurrection, insurrection

darkness - l'obscurité, obscurité, ténebres

dense - dense, obscur, bouché

ignorance - l'ignorance, ignorance

mental - mentale, affectif, mental

battle - bataille, combat

inward - vers l'intérieur, intérieur

suffered - souffert, souffrir, souffrir de, pâtir de, endurer

I was a discord in Gateshead Hall: I was like nobody there; I had nothing in harmony with Mrs. Reed or her children, or her chosen vassalage. If they did not love me, in fact, as little did I love them.

discord - discorde, désaccord

harmony - l'harmonie, harmonie

vassalage - vassalité

They were not bound to regard with affection a thing that could not sympathise with one amongst them; a heterogeneous thing, opposed to them in temperament, in capacity, in propensities; a useless thing, incapable of serving their interest, or adding to their pleasure; a noxious thing, cherishing the germs of indignation at their treatment, of contempt of their judgment.

bound - lié, entrain, (bind), lier, attacher, nouer, connecter, coupler

sympathise - sympathiser

heterogeneous - hétérogene

temperament - tempérament

capacity - capacité

propensities - propensions, propension, tendance

incapable - incapable

pleasure - plaisir, volupté, désir

noxious - nocif

cherishing - chérir, tenir

germs - germes, germe

indignation - l'indignation, indignation

treatment - traitement

contempt - le mépris, mépris, outrage

judgment - jugement, sentence, verdict, jugement dernier

I know that had I been a sanguine, brilliant, careless, exacting, handsome, romping child-though equally dependent and friendless-Mrs. Reed would have endured my presence more complacently; her children would have entertained for me more of the cordiality of fellow-feeling; the servants would have been less prone to make me the scapegoat of the nursery.

Sanguine - sanguine

careless - négligent, étourdi, distrait

handsome - beau

romping - des ébats, s'ébattre

endured - enduré, endurer, perdurer, supporter

complacently - avec complaisance

entertained - divertis, divertir, recevoir

cordiality - cordialité

fellow - un camarade, ensemble, mâle

prone - prone, couché sur le ventre, enclin, prédisposé

scapegoat - bouc émissaire, chevre émissaire

Daylight began to forsake the red-room; it was past four o'clock, and the beclouded afternoon was tending to drear twilight. I heard the rain still beating continuously on the staircase window, and the wind howling in the grove behind the hall; I grew by degrees cold as a stone, and then my courage sank.

daylight - la lumiere du jour, jour, lumiere du jour

forsake - abandonner, renoncer

beclouded - obscurci, s'ennuager, se couvrir, s'assombrir

tending - de l'entretien, garder

continuously - en continu

staircase - escalier

howling - hurler, (howl), hurlement

grove - bosquet

by degrees - par degrés

courage - bravoure, courage, cour, vaillance

sank - a coulé, couler, s'enfoncer, évier, lavabo

My habitual mood of humiliation, self-doubt, forlorn depression, fell damp on the embers of my decaying ire. All said I was wicked, and perhaps I might be so; what thought had I been but just conceiving of starving myself to death? That certainly was a crime: and was I fit to die? Or was the vault under the chancel of Gateshead Church an inviting bourne? In such vault I had been told did Mr.

habitual - habituel

humiliation - l'humiliation, humiliation

doubt - des doutes, douter, doute

depression - la dépression, dépression

damp - humide, moite, mouillé, humidité, grisou, amortir

decaying - en décomposition, décrépitude, déchéance, pourrir

ire - ire

conceiving - concevoir, tomber enceinte

Starving - affamés, affamant, (starve), mourir de faim, crever de faim

vault - chambre forte, voute, dôme

chancel - chour, chancel, clôture de chour

bourne - bourne

Reed lie buried; and led by this thought to recall his idea, I dwelt on it with gathering dread. I could not remember him; but I knew that he was my own uncle-my mother's brother-that he had taken me when a parentless infant to his house; and that in his last moments he had required a promise of Mrs. Reed that she would rear and maintain me as one of her own children. Mrs.

buried - enterré, enterrer

led - dirigé, DEL, LED, (lead) dirigé

recall - rappeler

dwelt - a habité, résider, s'appesantir sur

dread - peur, redouter, craindre, crainte

infant - nourrisson, enfant en bas âge, poupon

required - nécessaires, exiger, demander, avoir besoin de, requérir

rear - arriere, verso, élever

maintain - entretenir, maintenir

Reed probably considered she had kept this promise; and so she had, I dare say, as well as her nature would permit her; but how could she really like an interloper not of her race, and unconnected with her, after her husband's death, by any tie?

dare - oser, aventurer

permit - permis, permettre, permets, permettons, permettez

interloper - interlope, intrus

unconnected - sans lien

It must have been most irksome to find herself bound by a hard-wrung pledge to stand in the stead of a parent to a strange child she could not love, and to see an uncongenial alien permanently intruded on her own family group.

irksome - genante

wrung - tordus, essorer

pledge - engagement, promettre, mettre en gage, serment, gage

stead - tion

uncongenial - peu conviviale

alien - étranger, étrangere, extraterrestre, alien

permanently - de façon permanente, en permanence, en tous temps, toujours

intruded - s'est immiscé, faire intrusion, fr

A singular notion dawned upon me. I doubted not-never doubted-that if Mr.

singular - singulier

dawned - s'est levé, se lever, naître, aube, lever du soleil

doubted - douté, douter, doute

Reed had been alive he would have treated me kindly; and now, as I sat looking at the white bed and overshadowed walls-occasionally also turning a fascinated eye towards the dimly gleaning mirror-I began to recall what I had heard of dead men, troubled in their graves by the violation of their last wishes, revisiting the earth to punish the perjured and avenge the oppressed; and I thought Mr.

treated - traité, négocier, traiter, régaler, guérir

overshadowed - éclipsé, ombrager, éclipser ('la gloire', 'une personne')

Occasionally - occasionnellement

dimly - faiblement, obscurément, vaguement, confusément

gleaning - le glanage, glanage, (glean) le glanage

graves - tombes, tombe

violation - violation, infraction

revisiting - en cours de révision, revoir

perjured - parjure, parjurer

avenge - venger, rench: t-needed r

oppressed - opprimés, opprimer, oppresser

Reed's spirit, harassed by the wrongs of his sister's child, might quit its abode-whether in the church vault or in the unknown world of the departed-and rise before me in this chamber. I wiped my tears and hushed my sobs, fearful lest any sign of violent grief might waken a preternatural voice to comfort me, or elicit from the gloom some haloed face, bending over me with strange pity.

harassed - harcelés, harceler

quit - démissionner, quittons, quittez, démissioner, quittent

abode - domicile, demeure, (abide), endurer, tolérer

departed - parti, partir, s’en aller, dévier, quitter

wiped - essuyé, essuyer

Tears - des larmes, larme

hushed - étouffé, silence

sobs - sanglots, fdp-p

fearful - effrayant, redoutable, peureux, craintif, terrible, affreux

grief - le chagrin, douleur, peine

waken - se réveiller

preternatural - préternaturel

comfort - le confort, confort, consoler

elicit - éliciter, susciter, causer, réaliser, obtenir, raisonner

haloed - auréolé, halo, auréole, nimbe

bending - de flexion, flexion, (bend), courber, tordre, tourner

pity - compassion, pitié, dommage, honte, plaindre, avoir pitié de

This idea, consolatory in theory, I felt would be terrible if realised: with all my might I endeavoured to stifle it-I endeavoured to be firm. Shaking my hair from my eyes, I lifted my head and tried to look boldly round the dark room; at this moment a light gleamed on the wall. Was it, I asked myself, a ray from the moon penetrating some aperture in the blind?

consolatory - consolatoire

theory - théorie

endeavoured - s'est efforcé, s'efforcer (de)

stifle - étouffer

boldly - hardiment

dark room - chambre noire

gleamed - brillait, luire

ray - rayon, émission

aperture - ouverture

No; moonlight was still, and this stirred; while I gazed, it glided up to the ceiling and quivered over my head.

moonlight - le clair de lune, clair de lune, travailler au noir

stirred - remué, brasser, agiter

gazed - regardé, fixer

glided - glissé, glisser, planer

ceiling - plafond, (ceil) plafond

quivered - a tremblé, frémir

I can now conjecture readily that this streak of light was, in all likelihood, a gleam from a lantern carried by some one across the lawn: but then, prepared as my mind was for horror, shaken as my nerves were by agitation, I thought the swift darting beam was a herald of some coming vision from another world.

conjecture - conjecture, conjecturer

readily - facilement, volontiers, aisément

streak - de l'histoire, raie, chésias du genet

likelihood - la vraisemblance, vraisemblance

gleam - briller, luisent, luisez, brillant, luisons

lantern - lanterne

horror - l'horreur, horreur, effroi, dégout, aversion

nerves - des nerfs, nerf, nervure, toupet, culot, cran

agitation - l'agitation, agitation

swift - rapide, martinet, dévidoir

darting - darting, dard, fleche

beam - madrier, poutre, merrain, perche, limon, timon, age, faisceau

Herald - herald, hérault

My heart beat thick, my head grew hot; a sound filled my ears, which I deemed the rushing of wings; something seemed near me; I was oppressed, suffocated: endurance broke down; I rushed to the door and shook the lock in desperate effort. Steps came running along the outer passage; the key turned, Bessie and Abbot entered.

deemed - jugée, estimer, croire, considérer

rushing - se précipiter, (rush) se précipiter

wings - des ailes, aile, ailier

suffocated - étouffé, suffoquer, étouffer

endurance - l'endurance, endurance

rushed - précipité, se précipiter, emmener d'urgence

effort - l'effort, effort

passage - passage, corridoir, couloir

"Miss Eyre, are you ill?" said Bessie.

"What a dreadful noise! it went quite through me!" exclaimed Abbot.

exclaimed - s'est exclamé, exclamer

"Take me out! Let me go into the nursery!" was my cry.

"What for? Are you hurt? Have you seen something?" again demanded Bessie.

demanded - demandée, demande, exigence, exiger

"Oh! I saw a light, and I thought a ghost would come." I had now got hold of Bessie's hand, and she did not snatch it from me.

ghost - fantôme, spectre, esprit, revenant

snatch - l'arrachage, empoigner, happer, saisir, arracher, enlever

"She has screamed out on purpose," declared Abbot, in some disgust. "And what a scream! If she had been in great pain one would have excused it, but she only wanted to bring us all here: I know her naughty tricks."

screamed - crié, cri, crier

disgust - dégout, dégouter, dégout

excused - excusé, excuser, pardonner, justifier

tricks - des astuces, tour, astuce, truc, rench: -neededr, pli

"What is all this?" demanded another voice peremptorily; and Mrs. Reed came along the corridor, her cap flying wide, her gown rustling stormily. "Abbot and Bessie, I believe I gave orders that Jane Eyre should be left in the red-room till I came to her myself."

peremptorily - de façon péremptoire

corridor - couloir, corridor, couloir aérien

cap - cap, bonnet, calotte, casquette, toque, képi

gown - robe, toge (general term, especially Roman Antiquity)

rustling - bruissement, (rustle), froufrou, froufrouter

stormily - orageusement

"Miss Jane screamed so loud, ma'am," pleaded Bessie.

pleaded - plaidée, plaider

"Let her go," was the only answer. "Loose Bessie's hand, child: you cannot succeed in getting out by these means, be assured. I abhor artifice, particularly in children; it is my duty to show you that tricks will not answer: you will now stay here an hour longer, and it is only on condition of perfect submission and stillness that I shall liberate you then."

loose - en vrac, ample, desserré

assured - assurée, assurerent, assura, assurai

abhor - avoir horreur

artifice - artifice, feinte

particularly - en particulier

on condition - a condition

submission - soumission

stillness - l'immobilité, calme, immobilité

liberate - libérer

"O aunt! have pity! Forgive me! I cannot endure it-let me be punished some other way! I shall be killed if-"

forgive - pardonner

"Silence! This violence is all most repulsive:" and so, no doubt, she felt it. I was a precocious actress in her eyes; she sincerely looked on me as a compound of virulent passions, mean spirit, and dangerous duplicity.

repulsive - répugnant

sincerely - sincerement

compound - composé

virulent - virulent

passions - passions, passion

duplicity - duplicité, double jeu

Bessie and Abbot having retreated, Mrs. Reed, impatient of my now frantic anguish and wild sobs, abruptly thrust me back and locked me in, without farther parley. I heard her sweeping away; and soon after she was gone, I suppose I had a species of fit: unconsciousness closed the scene.

retreated - s'est retirée, battre en retraite

impatient - impatient

anguish - l'angoisse, angoissons, angoissez, angoisser, angoissent

abruptly - brusquement, abruptement, tout d'un coup, précipitamment

parley - parley, pourparlers

sweeping - balayage, a l'emporteiece, radical, complet

unconsciousness - l'inconscience, inconscience


The next thing I remember is, waking up with a feeling as if I had had a frightful nightmare, and seeing before me a terrible red glare, crossed with thick black bars. I heard voices, too, speaking with a hollow sound, and as if muffled by a rush of wind or water: agitation, uncertainty, and an all-predominating sense of terror confused my faculties.

frightful - effrayante, effrayant

nightmare - cauchemar, mauvais reve, tourment

glare - éblouissement, éclat

uncertainty - l'incertitude, incertitude

confused - confus, rendre perplexe, confondre

faculties - facultés, faculté

Ere long, I became aware that some one was handling me; lifting me up and supporting me in a sitting posture, and that more tenderly than I had ever been raised or upheld before. I rested my head against a pillow or an arm, and felt easy.

handling - maniement, manipulation, maniant

posture - la posture, posture

tenderly - tendrement

upheld - maintenue, soutenir

pillow - oreiller, tetiere

In five minutes more the cloud of bewilderment dissolved: I knew quite well that I was in my own bed, and that the red glare was the nursery fire. It was night: a candle burnt on the table; Bessie stood at the bed-foot with a basin in her hand, and a gentleman sat in a chair near my pillow, leaning over me.

bewilderment - la perplexité, ahurissement, confusion, perplexité

Dissolved - dissous, dissoudre

candle - bougie, chandelle

basin - bassin, cuvette, bassine, lavabo

leaning - penchant, adossant, (lean) penchant

I felt an inexpressible relief, a soothing conviction of protection and security, when I knew that there was a stranger in the room, an individual not belonging to Gateshead, and not related to Mrs. Reed. Turning from Bessie (though her presence was far less obnoxious to me than that of Abbot, for instance, would have been), I scrutinised the face of the gentleman: I knew him; it was Mr.

inexpressible - inexprimable

relief - secours, allégement, relief, soulagement

soothing - apaisant, pacifiant, rassurant, (sooth)

protection - protection

Security - la sécurité, sécurité, sécurisant, titre négociable

related - en rapport, raconter, relater

obnoxious - odieux

instance - instance

Lloyd, an apothecary, sometimes called in by Mrs. Reed when the servants were ailing: for herself and the children she employed a physician.

apothecary - apothicaire

ailing - malade, malsain, (ail)

physician - médecin, femme médecin, docteur

"Well, who am I?" he asked.

I pronounced his name, offering him at the same time my hand: he took it, smiling and saying, "We shall do very well by-and-by." Then he laid me down, and addressing Bessie, charged her to be very careful that I was not disturbed during the night.

offering - offre, offrande, (offer)

charged - chargé, frais-p, charge, chef d’accusation, chef d’inculpation

Having given some further directions, and intimates that he should call again the next day, he departed; to my grief: I felt so sheltered and befriended while he sat in the chair near my pillow; and as he closed the door after him, all the room darkened and my heart again sank: inexpressible sadness weighed it down.

intimates - des relations intimes, intime

sheltered - a l'abri, abri, refuge, abriter

befriended - se lier d'amitié

darkened - assombri, obscurcir, assombrir, foncer

sadness - tristesse, malheur

weighed - pesée, peser, lever l’ancre

"Do you feel as if you should sleep, Miss?" asked Bessie, rather softly.

softly - en douceur, doucement

Scarcely dared I answer her; for I feared the next sentence might be rough. "I will try."

rough - rude, rugueux, brut, approximatif, difficile, brutal, ébaucher

"Would you like to drink, or could you eat anything?"

"No, thank you, Bessie."

"Then I think I shall go to bed, for it is past twelve o'clock; but you may call me if you want anything in the night."

Wonderful civility this! It emboldened me to ask a question.

civility - civilité, politesse

emboldened - enhardi, encourager, enhardir

"Bessie, what is the matter with me? Am I ill?"

"You fell sick, I suppose, in the red-room with crying; you'll be better soon, no doubt."

Bessie went into the housemaid's apartment, which was near. I heard her say-

housemaid - femme de ménage

"Sarah, come and sleep with me in the nursery; I daren't for my life be alone with that poor child to-night: she might die; it's such a strange thing she should have that fit: I wonder if she saw anything. Missis was rather too hard."

Sarah came back with her; they both went to bed; they were whispering together for half-an-hour before they fell asleep. I caught scraps of their conversation, from which I was able only too distinctly to infer the main subject discussed.

whispering - chuchotement, (whisper), chuchoter, susurrer

scraps - des déchets, bout

distinctly - distinctement

infer - déduire, inférer

main subject - le sujet principal

"Something passed her, all dressed in white, and vanished"-"A great black dog behind him"-"Three loud raps on the chamber door"-"A light in the churchyard just over his grave," etc., etc.

vanished - disparue, disparaître, s'évanouir, s'annuler

raps - raps, coup sec

grave - tombe

At last both slept: the fire and the candle went out. For me, the watches of that long night passed in ghastly wakefulness; strained by dread: such dread as children only can feel.

wakefulness - l'éveil, éveil, vigilance

strained - tendu, tendre fortement

No severe or prolonged bodily illness followed this incident of the red-room; it only gave my nerves a shock of which I feel the reverberation to this day. Yes, Mrs. Reed, to you I owe some fearful pangs of mental suffering, but I ought to forgive you, for you knew not what you did: while rending my heart-strings, you thought you were only uprooting my bad propensities.

severe - sévere, grave, sévere

prolonged - prolongée, prolonger

bodily - corporel

incident - incident, checkfait-divers, checkaccident

shock - choc, choquons, offusquer, choquez, choquer, secouer

reverberation - la réverbération, contrecoup, echo, réflexion, répercussion

pangs - des douleurs, douleur (soudaine)

mental suffering - la souffrance mentale

rending - l'équarrissage, rompre, déchirer

strings - cordes, corde, suite, série, chaîne de caracteres

uprooting - arrachage, (uproot) arrachage

Next day, by noon, I was up and dressed, and sat wrapped in a shawl by the nursery hearth. I felt physically weak and broken down: but my worse ailment was an unutterable wretchedness of mind: a wretchedness which kept drawing from me silent tears; no sooner had I wiped one salt drop from my cheek than another followed.

wrapped - enveloppé, enrouler (autour de)

shawl - châle

physically - physiquement

ailment - maladie

unutterable - indicible

wretchedness - la misere

cheek - joue, fesse, culot, toupet, potence de bringuebale

Yet, I thought, I ought to have been happy, for none of the Reeds were there, they were all gone out in the carriage with their mama. Abbot, too, was sewing in another room, and Bessie, as she moved hither and thither, putting away toys and arranging drawers, addressed to me every now and then a word of unwonted kindness.

reeds - anches, roseau

sewing - cousant, suture, (sew) cousant

thither - la, la, d'ici la

putting away - Mettre de côté

drawers - tiroirs, tiroir

unwonted - inhabituel

kindness - la gentillesse, bonté

This state of things should have been to me a paradise of peace, accustomed as I was to a life of ceaseless reprimand and thankless fagging; but, in fact, my racked nerves were now in such a state that no calm could soothe, and no pleasure excite them agreeably.

paradise - le paradis, paradis, cieux

reprimand - Une réprimande

fagging - fagot, (fag) fagot

racked - en rack, porte-outils, étagere, porte-bagages, etc

Calm - calme, tranquille, calme plat, calmer, apaiser

soothe - apaiser, calmer, soulager

excite - exciter

agreeably - a l'aise, agréablement

Bessie had been down into the kitchen, and she brought up with her a tart on a certain brightly painted china plate, whose bird of paradise, nestling in a wreath of convolvuli and rosebuds, had been wont to stir in me a most enthusiastic sense of admiration; and which plate I had often petitioned to be allowed to take in my hand in order to examine it more closely, but had always hitherto been deemed unworthy of such a privilege. This precious vessel was now placed on my knee, and I was cordially invited to eat the circlet of delicate pastry upon it. Vain favour! coming, like most other favours long deferred and often wished for, too late! I could not eat the tart; and the plumage of the bird, the tints of the flowers, seemed strangely faded: I put both plate and tart away. Bessie asked if I would have a book: the word book acted as a transient stimulus, and I begged her to fetch Gulliver's Travels from the library. This book I had again and again perused with delight. I considered it a narrative of facts, and discovered in it a vein of interest deeper than what I found in fairy tales: for as to the elves, having sought them in vain among foxglove leaves and bells, under mushrooms and beneath the ground-ivy mantling old wall-nooks, I had at length made up my mind to the sad truth, that they were all gone out of England to some savage country where the woods were wilder and thicker, and the population more scant; whereas, Lilliput and Brobdignag being, in my creed, solid parts of the earth's surface, I doubted not that I might one day, by taking a long voyage, see with my own eyes the little fields, houses, and trees, the diminutive people, the tiny cows, sheep, and birds of the one realm; and the corn-fields forest-high, the mighty mastiffs, the monster cats, the tower-like men and women, of the other. Yet, when this cherished volume was now placed in my hand-when I turned over its leaves, and sought in its marvellous pictures the charm I had, till now, never failed to find-all was eerie and dreary; the giants were gaunt goblins, the pigmies malevolent and fearful imps, Gulliver a most desolate wanderer in most dread and dangerous regions. I closed the book, which I dared no longer peruse, and put it on the table, beside the untasted tart.

tart - tarte, agaçant, astringent, acide, aigre

brightly - brillante, clairement, précisément

nestling - l'oisillon, (nestle), se pelotonner, se nicher

wreath - couronne, guirlande, tortil

wont - de la volonté

enthusiastic - enthousiaste

admiration - l'admiration, admiration

petitioned - pétitionné, pétition, pétitionner

examine - examiner

closely - de pres, étroitement, pres

hitherto - jusqu'a présent, jusqu'ici, jusqu'alors, jusqu'a maintenant

unworthy - indigne

privilege - privilege, privilege, privilégier

precious - précieux

vessel - navire, vaisseau, vase

circlet - le cirque, diademe

pastry - pâtisserie

vain - vaine, rench: vaniteux, frivole, vain, futile

favours - des faveurs, service

deferred - différé, différer

plumage - plumage, plume (pars pro toto), plumée, pennage

tints - teintes, nuance, teinte

faded - fanée, (s')affaiblir, diminuer

transient - passager, provisoire, transitoire, temporaire, bref

begged - supplié, mendier

Gulliver - Gulliver

perused - consultés, examiner, jeter un coup d'oil, survoler, feuilleter

narrative - narratif, récit

vein - veine

elves - des elfes, elfe, lutin, farfadet

sought - recherchée, chercher

foxglove - la digitale, digitale

bells - cloches, cloche

mushrooms - champignons, champignon, champignonner

beneath - dessous

ivy - le lierre, lierre

mantling - lambrequins, lambrequin, (mantle), manteau, les renes, manchon

nooks - recoins, coin, angle, recoin

Length - longueur, durée

savage - barbare, féroce, sauvage

scant - peu, insuffisant, rare, maigre

whereas - tandis que, alors que, compte tenu de, vu que

Lilliput - Lilliput

solid - solide, massif, plein, continu

earth's surface - la surface de la terre

Voyage - voyage

diminutive - minuscule, diminutif

realm - domaine, royaume

corn - mais

mighty - puissant

mastiffs - les mastiffs, dogue

monster - monstre, bete, monstrueux

cherished - chérie, chérir, tenir

marvellous - merveilleux

charm - charme, excitation, grâce

till now - jusqu'a maintenant

eerie - étrange, sinistre, craintif, timide, peureux

giants - géants, géant

gaunt - décharné, maigre, osseux, anguleux, émacié

goblins - gobelins, gobelin, lutin, farfadet

malevolent - malveillante

imps - des diablotins, diablotin

wanderer - vagabond, nomade, errant, vagant

untasted - non gouté

Bessie had now finished dusting and tidying the room, and having washed her hands, she opened a certain little drawer, full of splendid shreds of silk and satin, and began making a new bonnet for Georgiana's doll. Meantime she sang: her song was-

dusting - le dépoussiérage, saupoudrage

splendid - splendide, fameux

shreds - en lambeaux, lambeau

satin - satin, satiné

bonnet - bonnet, orth America, casquette, béret, capot

doll - poupée, marionnette, guignol

meantime - entre-temps, pendant ce temps

"In the days when we went gipsying,

A long time ago."

I had often heard the song before, and always with lively delight; for Bessie had a sweet voice,-at least, I thought so. But now, though her voice was still sweet, I found in its melody an indescribable sadness. Sometimes, preoccupied with her work, she sang the refrain very low, very lingeringly; "A long time ago" came out like the saddest cadence of a funeral hymn.

lively - fringant, spirituel

melody - mélodie

indescribable - indescriptible

preoccupied - préoccupé, préoccuper

refrain - refrain

lingeringly - de façon prolongée

cadence - cadence

funeral - funérailles, obseques

hymn - hymne

She passed into another ballad, this time a really doleful one.

ballad - ballade

"My feet they are sore, and my limbs they are weary;

sore - douloureux, ulcere

weary - fatigué, las, lasser

Long is the way, and the mountains are wild;

Soon will the twilight close moonless and dreary

Over the path of the poor orphan child.

path - chemin, sentier

orphan - orphelin, orpheline

Why did they send me so far and so lonely,

Up where the moors spread and grey rocks are piled?

piled - empilés, pile, tas

Men are hard-hearted, and kind angels only

angels - anges, ange

Watch o'er the steps of a poor orphan child.

er - er, euh

Yet distant and soft the night breeze is blowing,

breeze - brise

Clouds there are none, and clear stars beam mild,

mild - doux, douce, léger

God, in His mercy, protection is showing,

mercy - la pitié, miséricorde, pitié

Comfort and hope to the poor orphan child.

Ev'n should I fall o'er the broken bridge passing,

ev - eV

Or stray in the marshes, by false lights beguiled,

stray - égaré, écartez, écartent, écartons, écarter

marshes - marais

beguiled - séduit, duper, tromper, induire en erreur, exalter, emporter

Still will my Father, with promise and blessing,

blessing - la bénédiction, bénédiction, grâce, troupeau, harde

Take to His bosom the poor orphan child.

bosom - poitrine, sein, intime

There is a thought that for strength should avail me,

strength - la force, force, vigueur, effectif, point fort

Though both of shelter and kindred despoiled;

shelter - l'abri, abri, refuge, abriter

kindred - apparentés, tribu

Heaven is a home, and a rest will not fail me;

Heaven - le paradis, ciel, paradis, au-dela, cieux

God is a friend to the poor orphan child."

"Come, Miss Jane, don't cry," said Bessie as she finished. She might as well have said to the fire, "don't burn!" but how could she divine the morbid suffering to which I was a prey? In the course of the morning Mr. Lloyd came again.

don't cry - ne pas pleurer

divine - divine, divin

morbid - morbide, checkmacabre, checkmalsain, checkpathologique

prey - la proie, butin, prise, proie

"What, already up!" said he, as he entered the nursery. "Well, nurse, how is she?"

Bessie answered that I was doing very well.

"Then she ought to look more cheerful. Come here, Miss Jane: your name is Jane, is it not?"

more cheerful - plus joyeux

"Yes, sir, Jane Eyre."

"Well, you have been crying, Miss Jane Eyre; can you tell me what about? Have you any pain?"

"No, sir."

"Oh! I daresay she is crying because she could not go out with Missis in the carriage," interposed Bessie.

daresay - oserait-on dire

interposed - interposée, interposer, intercaler, interrompre, couper

"Surely not! why, she is too old for such pettishness."

surely - surement, surement, assurément

pettishness - la pétoche

I thought so too; and my self-esteem being wounded by the false charge, I answered promptly, "I never cried for such a thing in my life: I hate going out in the carriage. I cry because I am miserable."

esteem - estime, respect, respecter

charge - frais, charge, chef d’accusation, chef d’inculpation, meuble

promptly - rapidement

miserable - misérable

"Oh fie, Miss!" said Bessie.

Fie - fie, beurk, fi

The good apothecary appeared a little puzzled. I was standing before him; he fixed his eyes on me very steadily: his eyes were small and grey; not very bright, but I dare say I should think them shrewd now: he had a hard-featured yet good-natured looking face. Having considered me at leisure, he said-

puzzled - perplexe, mystere, énigme, puzzle, casse-tete, jeu de patience

steadily - régulierement

shrewd - astucieux, perspicace, sagace, habile, roublard, futé

good-natured - (good-natured) Bonne humeur

leisure - les loisirs, loisir, temps libre

"What made you ill yesterday?"

"She had a fall," said Bessie, again putting in her word.

"Fall! why, that is like a baby again! Can't she manage to walk at her age? She must be eight or nine years old."

"I was knocked down," was the blunt explanation, jerked out of me by another pang of mortified pride; "but that did not make me ill," I added; while Mr. Lloyd helped himself to a pinch of snuff.

knocked down - renversé

blunt - émoussé

jerked - secoué, secousse

pang - pang, douleur (soudaine)

mortified - mortifié, mortifier, macérer, tuer

pride - l'orgueil, orgueil, fierté

pinch - pincer, chiper, pincement, pincée

snuff - tabac a priser, coryza

As he was returning the box to his waistcoat pocket, a loud bell rang for the servants'dinner; he knew what it was. "That's for you, nurse," said he; "you can go down; I'll give Miss Jane a lecture till you come back."

waistcoat - gilet

Bessie would rather have stayed, but she was obliged to go, because punctuality at meals was rigidly enforced at Gateshead Hall.

obliged - obligée, imposer, obliger, rendre service

punctuality - la ponctualité, ponctualité

rigidly - de maniere rigide, rigidement

enforced - appliqué, renforcer, intensifier, imposer, obliger

"The fall did not make you ill; what did, then?" pursued Mr. Lloyd when Bessie was gone.

pursued - poursuivie, poursuivre, rechercher

"I was shut up in a room where there is a ghost till after dark."

I saw Mr. Lloyd smile and frown at the same time.

frown - froncer les sourcils

"Ghost! What, you are a baby after all! You are afraid of ghosts?"

ghosts - fantômes, fantôme, t+spectre, t+esprit, t+revenant

"Of Mr. Reed's ghost I am: he died in that room, and was laid out there. Neither Bessie nor any one else will go into it at night, if they can help it; and it was cruel to shut me up alone without a candle,-so cruel that I think I shall never forget it."

"Nonsense! And is it that makes you so miserable? Are you afraid now in daylight?"

nonsense - des absurdités, betise, absurdité, sottise (s)

"No: but night will come again before long: and besides,-I am unhappy,-very unhappy, for other things."

"What other things? Can you tell me some of them?"

How much I wished to reply fully to this question! How difficult it was to frame any answer! Children can feel, but they cannot analyse their feelings; and if the analysis is partially effected in thought, they know not how to express the result of the process in words.

fully - pleinement, entierement, completement

frame - encadrer, cadre, armature, ossature, image, manche, frame, trame

analyse - analyser

analysis - analyse

partially - partiellement, en partie

Fearful, however, of losing this first and only opportunity of relieving my grief by imparting it, I, after a disturbed pause, contrived to frame a meagre, though, as far as it went, true response.

relieving - soulageant, soulager, relayer, faire ses besoins, se soulager

imparting - transmettre, donner, communiquer

pause - pauser, pause

contrived - artificiel, combiner, inventer

meagre - maigre

"For one thing, I have no father or mother, brothers or sisters."

"You have a kind aunt and cousins."

Again I paused; then bunglingly enounced-

bunglingly - de l'agitation

"But John Reed knocked me down, and my aunt shut me up in the red-room."

Mr. Lloyd a second time produced his snuff-box.

"Don't you think Gateshead Hall a very beautiful house?" asked he. "Are you not very thankful to have such a fine place to live at?"

thankful - reconnaissant

"It is not my house, sir; and Abbot says I have less right to be here than a servant."

"Pooh! you can't be silly enough to wish to leave such a splendid place?"

silly - stupide, sot, insensé, idiot, bete

"If I had anywhere else to go, I should be glad to leave it; but I can never get away from Gateshead till I am a woman."

"Perhaps you may-who knows? Have you any relations besides Mrs. Reed?"

relations - relations, relation, parent, parente

"I think not, sir."

"None belonging to your father?"

"I don't know. I asked Aunt Reed once, and she said possibly I might have some poor, low relations called Eyre, but she knew nothing about them."

Possibly - peut-etre, possiblement, peut-etre

"If you had such, would you like to go to them?"

I reflected. Poverty looks grim to grown people; still more so to children: they have not much idea of industrious, working, respectable poverty; they think of the word only as connected with ragged clothes, scanty food, fireless grates, rude manners, and debasing vices: poverty for me was synonymous with degradation.

reflected - réfléchie, refléter, réfléchir

poverty - la pauvreté, pauvreté

grim - sinistre

industrious - industrieux

respectable - respectable, convenable

ragged - dépenaillé, loqueteuxse, (rag) dépenaillé

scanty - maigre, insuffisant

fireless - sans feu

grates - grilles, grille (de foyer)

debasing - l'avilissement, abâtardir

vices - vices, étau

synonymous - synonymes, synonyme

degradation - dégradation

"No; I should not like to belong to poor people," was my reply.

"Not even if they were kind to you?"

I shook my head: I could not see how poor people had the means of being kind; and then to learn to speak like them, to adopt their manners, to be uneducated, to grow up like one of the poor women I saw sometimes nursing their children or washing their clothes at the cottage doors of the village of Gateshead: no, I was not heroic enough to purchase liberty at the price of caste.

adopt - adopter

uneducated - sans éducation

cottage - chalet, cottage

heroic - héroique, héroique

liberty - liberté

caste - caste

"But are your relatives so very poor? Are they working people?"

relatives - parents, relatif, parent, géniteur, génitrice

"I cannot tell; Aunt Reed says if I have any, they must be a beggarly set: I should not like to go a begging."

beggarly - mendiant

begging - la mendicité, (beg) la mendicité

"Would you like to go to school?"

Again I reflected: I scarcely knew what school was: Bessie sometimes spoke of it as a place where young ladies sat in the stocks, wore backboards, and were expected to be exceedingly genteel and precise: John Reed hated his school, and abused his master; but John Reed's tastes were no rule for mine, and if Bessie's accounts of school-discipline (gathered from the young ladies of a family where she had lived before coming to Gateshead) were somewhat appalling, her details of certain accomplishments attained by these same young ladies were, I thought, equally attractive. She boasted of beautiful paintings of landscapes and flowers by them executed; of songs they could sing and pieces they could play, of purses they could net, of French books they could translate; till my spirit was moved to emulation as I listened. Besides, school would be a complete change: it implied a long journey, an entire separation from Gateshead, an entrance into a new life.

stocks - des stocks, stock, réserve

exceedingly - excessivement, extremement, énormément

genteel - gentillesse, a la mode

precise - précis, préciser

abused - abusé, abuser (de)

accounts - comptes, compte

discipline - discipline, pénalité, branche

gathered - rassemblés, rassembler, ramasser, recueillir

appalling - épouvantable, effroyable, (appal)

accomplishments - des réalisations, accomplissement

attained - atteint, atteindre

boasted - se vanter (de)

paintings - peintures, peinture, toile, art pictural

landscapes - paysages, paysage

executed - exécuté, exécuter, mettre a mort

purses - sacs a main, bourse, portemonnaie, portefeuille, sac a main

net - net, réseau, filet

translate - traduire, translater

implied - implicite, impliquer, insinuer, sous-entendre

entire - entiere, entier, entiere

entrance - entrée, cochere

"I should indeed like to go to school," was the audible conclusion of my musings.

audible - audible

conclusion - conclusion, fin

musings - des réflexions, songeur, pensif, pensée

"Well, well! who knows what may happen?" said Mr. Lloyd, as he got up. "The child ought to have change of air and scene," he added, speaking to himself; "nerves not in a good state."

change of air - un changement d'air

Bessie now returned; at the same moment the carriage was heard rolling up the gravel-walk.

rolling up - enrouler

gravel-walk - (gravel-walk) Chemin de gravier

"Is that your mistress, nurse?" asked Mr. Lloyd. "I should like to speak to her before I go."

Mistress - madame, maîtresse, amante

Bessie invited him to walk into the breakfast-room, and led the way out. In the interview which followed between him and Mrs.

Reed, I presume, from after-occurrences, that the apothecary ventured to recommend my being sent to school; and the recommendation was no doubt readily enough adopted; for as Abbot said, in discussing the subject with Bessie when both sat sewing in the nursery one night, after I was in bed, and, as they thought, asleep, "Missis was, she dared say, glad enough to get rid of such a tiresome, ill-conditioned child, who always looked as if she were watching everybody, and scheming plots underhand." Abbot, I think, gave me credit for being a sort of infantine Guy Fawkes.

presume - présumer, supposer

occurrences - des événements, occurrence

ventured - s'est aventuré, s'aventurer, risquer, oser

recommendation - recommandation

adopted - adoptée, adopter

rid - rid, débarrasser

scheming - des magouilles, (scheme), plan, combine, machination, schéma

plots - des complots, intrigue, lopin, diagramme, graphique, complot

infantine - infantine

On that same occasion I learned, for the first time, from Miss Abbot's communications to Bessie, that my father had been a poor clergyman; that my mother had married him against the wishes of her friends, who considered the match beneath her; that my grandfather Reed was so irritated at her disobedience, he cut her off without a shilling; that after my mother and father had been married a year, the latter caught the typhus fever while visiting among the poor of a large manufacturing town where his curacy was situated, and where that disease was then prevalent: that my mother took the infection from him, and both died within a month of each other.

Occasion - occasion

communications - des communications, communication

clergyman - ecclésiastique, pretre, clerc

irritated - irritée, agacer (displeasure)

disobedience - la désobéissance, désobéissance

shilling - shilling, (shill), homme de paille, prete-nom

typhus - le typhus, typhus

fever - de la fievre, fievre

curacy - la curatelle, vicariat

situated - situé, situer

prevalent - répandu, prévalent

infection - l'infection, infection

within - a l'intérieur, dedans, avant, d'ici

Bessie, when she heard this narrative, sighed and said, "Poor Miss Jane is to be pitied, too, Abbot."

sighed - soupiré, soupirer

pitied - pitié, compassion, dommage, honte, plaindre

"Yes," responded Abbot; "if she were a nice, pretty child, one might compassionate her forlornness; but one really cannot care for such a little toad as that."

compassionate - compatissant

forlornness - la fornication

toad - crapaud

"Not a great deal, to be sure," agreed Bessie: "at any rate, a beauty like Miss Georgiana would be more moving in the same condition."

"Yes, I doat on Miss Georgiana!" cried the fervent Abbot. "Little darling!-with her long curls and her blue eyes, and such a sweet colour as she has; just as if she were painted!-Bessie, I could fancy a Welsh rabbit for supper."

doat - doat

fervent - fervent

fancy - fantaisie, imaginer, songer

Welsh - gallois, Gallois-p

rabbit - lapin

supper - dîner, souper

"So could I-with a roast onion. Come, we'll go down." They went.

roast - rôtir, incendier, rôti, bien-cuit


From my discourse with Mr. Lloyd, and from the above reported conference between Bessie and Abbot, I gathered enough of hope to suffice as a motive for wishing to get well: a change seemed near,-I desired and waited it in silence. It tarried, however: days and weeks passed: I had regained my normal state of health, but no new allusion was made to the subject over which I brooded. Mrs.

discourse - discours, conversation, checkdiscussion, checkexposé

suffice - suffisent, suffire, suffire 2

motive - motif, mobile, theme, motiver, moteur, mouvant

desired - souhaitée, désirer, désir

regained - retrouvée, reconquérir, reprendre

allusion - allusion

brooded - couvé, couvée, couver, protéger

Reed surveyed me at times with a severe eye, but seldom addressed me: since my illness, she had drawn a more marked line of separation than ever between me and her own children; appointing me a small closet to sleep in by myself, condemning me to take my meals alone, and pass all my time in the nursery, while my cousins were constantly in the drawing-room.

appointing - nommer, fixer, gloss

closet - placard

condemning - condamner, déclarer coupable

constantly - constamment, en boucle

Not a hint, however, did she drop about sending me to school: still I felt an instinctive certainty that she would not long endure me under the same roof with her; for her glance, now more than ever, when turned on me, expressed an insuperable and rooted aversion.

hint - indice, indication, soupçon, faire allusion

instinctive - instinctif

certainty - certitude

insuperable - insurmontable

rooted - enraciné, racine

Eliza and Georgiana, evidently acting according to orders, spoke to me as little as possible: John thrust his tongue in his cheek whenever he saw me, and once attempted chastisement; but as I instantly turned against him, roused by the same sentiment of deep ire and desperate revolt which had stirred my corruption before, he thought it better to desist, and ran from me tittering execrations, and vowing I had burst his nose. I had indeed levelled at that prominent feature as hard a blow as my knuckles could inflict; and when I saw that either that or my look daunted him, I had the greatest inclination to follow up my advantage to purpose; but he was already with his mama. I heard him in a blubbering tone commence the tale of how "that nasty Jane Eyre" had flown at him like a mad cat: he was stopped rather harshly-

evidently - évidemment, de toute évidence, manifestement

whenever - chaque fois que

attempted - tenté, tenter, essayer, tentative, attentat

chastisement - le châtiment, châtiment

roused - réveillé, réveiller

revolt - révolter, révolte

corruption - corruption, pourriture, concussion

tittering - titrer, (titter) titrer

execrations - exécutions, exécration

vowing - voux, voeu, vou, jurer

burst - l'éclatement, éclater, faire éclater, rompre, briser

knuckles - poings américains, articulation du doigt, articulation

inflict - infliger

daunted - découragé, décourager, intimider, démonter

inclination - inclinaison, checktendance

blubbering - blubbering, lard, lard de mammifere marin, chialer

tone - ton, tonalité, tonale

commence - commencer

"Don't talk to me about her, John: I told you not to go near her; she is not worthy of notice; I do not choose that either you or your sisters should associate with her."

worthy - digne

associate - associé, fréquenter, associer

Here, leaning over the banister, I cried out suddenly, and without at all deliberating on my words-

banister - la rampe d'escalier, rampe, balustre

deliberating - délibérer, délibéré, concerté

"They are not fit to associate with me."

Mrs. Reed was rather a stout woman; but, on hearing this strange and audacious declaration, she ran nimbly up the stair, swept me like a whirlwind into the nursery, and crushing me down on the edge of my crib, dared me in an emphatic voice to rise from that place, or utter one syllable during the remainder of the day.

audacious - audacieux

declaration - déclaration

nimbly - agilement

swept - balayé, balayer, balayage

whirlwind - tourbillon, cyclone

crib - berceau, huche, antiseche

emphatic - emphatique

utter - l'utérus, émettre

syllable - syllabe

remainder - reste, restant, checkreste, checkrésidu, checkinvendu

"What would Uncle Reed say to you, if he were alive?" was my scarcely voluntary demand. I say scarcely voluntary, for it seemed as if my tongue pronounced words without my will consenting to their utterance: something spoke out of me over which I had no control.

voluntary - volontaire, bénévole

demand - demande, exigence, exiger

consenting - consentant, consentir, approuver, agréer, consentement

utterance - énoncé

"What?" said Mrs. Reed under her breath: her usually cold composed grey eye became troubled with a look like fear; she took her hand from my arm, and gazed at me as if she really did not know whether I were child or fiend. I was now in for it.

breath - respiration, souffle, haleine

composed - composé, composer

gazed at - Regarder

"My Uncle Reed is in heaven, and can see all you do and think; and so can papa and mama: they know how you shut me up all day long, and how you wish me dead."

papa - papa

Mrs. Reed soon rallied her spirits: she shook me most soundly, she boxed both my ears, and then left me without a word. Bessie supplied the hiatus by a homily of an hour's length, in which she proved beyond a doubt that I was the most wicked and abandoned child ever reared under a roof. I half believed her; for I felt indeed only bad feelings surging in my breast.

rallied - rallié, (se) rallier

spirits - les esprits, esprit, moral, élan

soundly - fortement, solidement

supplied - fourni, fournir, approvisionner

hiatus - hiatus, lacune, discordance

homily - homélie

proved - prouvé, prouver

beyond - au-dela, au-dela, par-dela

abandoned - abandonnée, abandonner

reared - élevé, arriere

surging - en hausse, enflant, (surge), montée, poussée, vague, afflux

breast - sein, poitrine, cour, poitrail, blanc

November, December, and half of January passed away. Christmas and the New Year had been celebrated at Gateshead with the usual festive cheer; presents had been interchanged, dinners and evening parties given.

Christmas - Noël

festive - festif, festive

cheer - applaudir, jubiler

interchanged - échangés, échangeur autoroutier, échangeur routier, échangeur

From every enjoyment I was, of course, excluded: my share of the gaiety consisted in witnessing the daily apparelling of Eliza and Georgiana, and seeing them descend to the drawing-room, dressed out in thin muslin frocks and scarlet sashes, with hair elaborately ringletted; and afterwards, in listening to the sound of the piano or the harp played below, to the passing to and fro of the butler and footman, to the jingling of glass and china as refreshments were handed, to the broken hum of conversation as the drawing-room door opened and closed. When tired of this occupation, I would retire from the stairhead to the solitary and silent nursery: there, though somewhat sad, I was not miserable. To speak truth, I had not the least wish to go into company, for in company I was very rarely noticed; and if Bessie had but been kind and companionable, I should have deemed it a treat to spend the evenings quietly with her, instead of passing them under the formidable eye of Mrs. Reed, in a room full of ladies and gentlemen. But Bessie, as soon as she had dressed her young ladies, used to take herself off to the lively regions of the kitchen and housekeeper's room, generally bearing the candle along with her. I then sat with my doll on my knee till the fire got low, glancing round occasionally to make sure that nothing worse than myself haunted the shadowy room; and when the embers sank to a dull red, I undressed hastily, tugging at knots and strings as I best might, and sought shelter from cold and darkness in my crib. To this crib I always took my doll; human beings must love something, and, in the dearth of worthier objects of affection, I contrived to find a pleasure in loving and cherishing a faded graven image, shabby as a miniature scarecrow. It puzzles me now to remember with what absurd sincerity I doated on this little toy, half fancying it alive and capable of sensation. I could not sleep unless it was folded in my night-gown; and when it lay there safe and warm, I was comparatively happy, believing it to be happy likewise.

enjoyment - jouissance, plaisir

excluded - exclus, exclure

consisted - consisté, consister (en)

witnessing - le témoignage, témoignage, témoin, preuve, témoigner

apparelling - l'habillement, (apparel) l'habillement

descend - descendre

muslin - mousseline

frocks - des robes de chambre, robe

sashes - des écharpes, ceinture (d'étoffe), écharpe

elaborately - de maniere élaborée

ringletted - ringardisé

harp - harpe

butler - sommelier, majordome

footman - valet de pied, laquais

refreshments - des rafraîchissements, rafraîchissement

Hum - hum, fredonner, bourdonner, fourmiller

occupation - profession, occupation

retire - prendre sa retraite, retirent, retirez, se retirer, retirer

stairhead - escalier

rarely - rarement

companionable - de bonne compagnie

treat to - Traiter a

formidable - formidable

housekeeper - femme de ménage, gouvernante, ménagere

dull - émoussé, ennuyeux, barbant, mat, terne, sot, obtus

undressed - déshabillé, déshabiller

hastily - hâtivement, précipitamment, a la hâte

tugging - tiraillements, (tug), tirer, remorquer, tirement

knots - nouds, noeud

beings - etres, etre, créature, existence

dearth - la pénurie, disette, pénurie

faded - fanée, mode, lubie

graven image - image gravé

shabby - râpé, usé, élimé, miteux, minable

Scarecrow - l'épouvantail, épouvantail

puzzles - casse-tete, mystere, énigme, puzzle, casse-tete

absurd - absurde

sincerity - la sincérité, sincérité

fancying - a l'envie, envie, caprice

capable - capable

sensation - sensation

comparatively - comparativement

likewise - de meme

Long did the hours seem while I waited the departure of the company, and listened for the sound of Bessie's step on the stairs: sometimes she would come up in the interval to seek her thimble or her scissors, or perhaps to bring me something by way of supper-a bun or a cheese-cake-then she would sit on the bed while I ate it, and when I had finished, she would tuck the clothes round me, and twice she kissed me, and said, "Good night, Miss Jane." When thus gentle, Bessie seemed to me the best, prettiest, kindest being in the world; and I wished most intensely that she would always be so pleasant and amiable, and never push me about, or scold, or task me unreasonably, as she was too often wont to do. Bessie Lee must, I think, have been a girl of good natural capacity, for she was smart in all she did, and had a remarkable knack of narrative; so, at least, I judge from the impression made on me by her nursery tales. She was pretty too, if my recollections of her face and person are correct. I remember her as a slim young woman, with black hair, dark eyes, very nice features, and good, clear complexion; but she had a capricious and hasty temper, and indifferent ideas of principle or justice: still, such as she was, I preferred her to any one else at Gateshead Hall.

departure - départ, déviation

interval - intervalle

seek - chercher

thimble - dé a coudre, dé, dé a coudre

scissors - ciseaux, ciseau, couper aux ciseaux

bun - bun, chignon

tuck - tuck, rempli

kissed - embrassée, (s')embrasser

gentle - gentil, doux

intensely - intensément

amiable - aimable, avenant, affable

scold - chipie, furie, mégere, gronder, réprimander

unreasonably - de maniere déraisonnable

Lee - lee, côté sous le vent

smart - intelligent, rusé, bath, fringant, roublard, maligne

remarkable - remarquable

knack - knack, chic

judge - juge, juger

impression - impression

slim - mince, svelte, maigrir, mincir

complexion - le teint, teint, complexion

capricious - capricieux

hasty - hâtive, hâtif

indifferent - indifférent

principle - principe

justice - justice, équité, conseiller

It was the fifteenth of January, about nine o'clock in the morning: Bessie was gone down to breakfast; my cousins had not yet been summoned to their mama; Eliza was putting on her bonnet and warm garden-coat to go and feed her poultry, an occupation of which she was fond: and not less so of selling the eggs to the housekeeper and hoarding up the money she thus obtained.

Fifteenth - quinzieme, quinzieme ('before the noun'), ('in names of monarchs and popes') quinze ('after the name')

summoned - convoqué, convoquer

poultry - de la volaille, volaille, volailles, basse-cour

fond - fond, tendre, amoureux

hoarding - la thésaurisation, palissade, (hoard) la thésaurisation

obtained - obtenu, obtenir, se procurer, réussir, avoir succes, avoir

She had a turn for traffic, and a marked propensity for saving; shown not only in the vending of eggs and chickens, but also in driving hard bargains with the gardener about flower-roots, seeds, and slips of plants; that functionary having orders from Mrs.

propensity - propension, tendance

bargains - des bonnes affaires, accord, affaire, bonne affaire, marchander

gardener - jardinier, jardiniere

seeds - les semences, graine

slips - glisse, glisser

functionary - fonctionnaire

Reed to buy of his young lady all the products of her parterre she wished to sell: and Eliza would have sold the hair off her head if she could have made a handsome profit thereby.

his young lady - sa jeune femme

parterre - parterre

handsome profit - un beau bénéfice

thereby - et donc, ainsi, de ce fait, par la

As to her money, she first secreted it in odd corners, wrapped in a rag or an old curl-paper; but some of these hoards having been discovered by the housemaid, Eliza, fearful of one day losing her valued treasure, consented to intrust it to her mother, at a usurious rate of interest-fifty or sixty per cent.

odd - rench: t-needed r, bizarre, étrange, impair, a peu pres

rag - chiffon

curl - boucle, rotationnel, boucler

hoards - des hordes, réserve

valued - valorisée, valeur

treasure - trésor, garder précieusement

consented - a consenti, consentir, approuver, agréer, consentement

intrust - intrust

usurious - usuraire

; which interest she exacted every quarter, keeping her accounts in a little book with anxious accuracy.

anxious - anxieux, désireux

accuracy - l'exactitude, exactitude, précision

Georgiana sat on a high stool, dressing her hair at the glass, and interweaving her curls with artificial flowers and faded feathers, of which she had found a store in a drawer in the attic.

interweaving - l'entrecroisement, entrelacer

artificial - artificiels

feathers - plumes, plume, fanon, mettre en drapeau, emplumer, fr

attic - grenier, combles, mansarde

I was making my bed, having received strict orders from Bessie to get it arranged before she returned (for Bessie now frequently employed me as a sort of under-nurserymaid, to tidy the room, dust the chairs, &c.).

strict - stricte, strict

nurserymaid - puéricultrice

Having spread the quilt and folded my night-dress, I went to the window-seat to put in order some picture-books and doll's house furniture scattered there; an abrupt command from Georgiana to let her playthings alone (for the tiny chairs and mirrors, the fairy plates and cups, were her property) stopped my proceedings; and then, for lack of other occupation, I fell to breathing on the frost-flowers with which the window was fretted, and thus clearing a space in the glass through which I might look out on the grounds, where all was still and petrified under the influence of a hard frost.

quilt - l'édredon, édredon, couette, courtepointe, matelasser, ouater

put in order - Mettre en ordre

scattered - dispersé, disperser, se disperser, éparpiller, parsemer

abrupt - abrupt, brusque, precipité

Command - commandement, ordre, maîtrise, commande, commander, ordonner

playthings - des jouets, joujou

property - propriété, accessoire

proceedings - procédures, acte

lack - manque

breathing on - respirer sur

fretted - fretté, (se) tracasser (pour)

Petrified - pétrifié, pétrifier

influence - influence, influencer, influer

From this window were visible the porter's lodge and the carriage-road, and just as I had dissolved so much of the silver-white foliage veiling the panes as left room to look out, I saw the gates thrown open and a carriage roll through.

visible - visible

porter - porter, porteur, (port) porter

Lodge - cabane, maison du portier, loge, rench: t-needed r, loger

foliage - le feuillage, feuillage

veiling - le voile, (veil), voile, voiler

roll - rouler, petit pain, enroulez, roulons, enroulent, roulez

I watched it ascending the drive with indifference; carriages often came to Gateshead, but none ever brought visitors in whom I was interested; it stopped in front of the house, the door-bell rang loudly, the new-comer was admitted.

ascending - ascendante, monter

carriages - les wagons, rench: -neededr, carrosse, port, chariot

comer - comer

admitted - admis, admettre, avouer, reconnaître

All this being nothing to me, my vacant attention soon found livelier attraction in the spectacle of a little hungry robin, which came and chirruped on the twigs of the leafless cherry-tree nailed against the wall near the casement.

Attraction - attraction, attirance

spectacle - spectacle

robin - robin, grive, rouge-gorge, rouge-gorge familier

twigs - brindilles, brindille

cherry-tree - (cherry-tree) un cerisier

nailed - cloué, ongle

The remains of my breakfast of bread and milk stood on the table, and having crumbled a morsel of roll, I was tugging at the sash to put out the crumbs on the window-sill, when Bessie came running upstairs into the nursery.

remains - reste, rester, demeurer

crumbled - en miettes, s'effondrer, effriter, émietter, crumble, qualifier

sash - ceinture, écharpe

crumbs - des miettes, (crumb), miette, mie, paner

sill - sill, bille, seuil

"Miss Jane, take off your pinafore; what are you doing there? Have you washed your hands and face this morning?" I gave another tug before I answered, for I wanted the bird to be secure of its bread: the sash yielded; I scattered the crumbs, some on the stone sill, some on the cherry-tree bough, then, closing the window, I replied-

pinafore - chasuble, tablier

tug - tirer, remorquer, tirement

yielded - cédé, céder

cherry - cerise

bough - rameau, branche

"No, Bessie; I have only just finished dusting."

"Troublesome, careless child! and what are you doing now? You look quite red, as if you had been about some mischief: what were you opening the window for?"

troublesome - genants

mischief - méfaits, espieglerie, betise, polissonnerie, méfait

I was spared the trouble of answering, for Bessie seemed in too great a hurry to listen to explanations; she hauled me to the washstand, inflicted a merciless, but happily brief scrub on my face and hands with soap, water, and a coarse towel; disciplined my head with a bristly brush, denuded me of my pinafore, and then hurrying me to the top of the stairs, bid me go down directly, as I was wanted in the breakfast-room.

spared - épargnée, espar

hauled - transporté, haler, trainer, butin, magot

inflicted - infligé, infliger

merciless - sans pitié

brief - bref, court

scrub - gommage, lessivage

coarse - grossier, brut, vulgaire

disciplined - discipliné, discipline, pénalité

bristly - hirsute, embroussaillé

hurrying - se dépecher, dépechant, (hurry), précipitation, hâte

bid - offre, impératifs, prier

I would have asked who wanted me: I would have demanded if Mrs. Reed was there; but Bessie was already gone, and had closed the nursery-door upon me. I slowly descended. For nearly three months, I had never been called to Mrs. Reed's presence; restricted so long to the nursery, the breakfast, dining, and drawing-rooms were become for me awful regions, on which it dismayed me to intrude.

descended - descendu, descendre

restricted - restreint, restreindre, limiter

dining - dîner, vacarme

dismayed - consterné, affliger, mortifier, avoir peur, désarroi

intrude - s'immiscer, faire intrusion, etre importun

I now stood in the empty hall; before me was the breakfast-room door, and I stopped, intimidated and trembling. What a miserable little poltroon had fear, engendered of unjust punishment, made of me in those days!

intimidated - intimidés, intimider

poltroon - poltroon, lâche, pleutre, couard, dégonflé

punishment - punition, châtiment

I feared to return to the nursery, and feared to go forward to the parlour; ten minutes I stood in agitated hesitation; the vehement ringing of the breakfast-room bell decided me; I must enter.

parlour - salon

hesitation - hésitation

"Who could want me?" I asked inwardly, as with both hands I turned the stiff door-handle, which, for a second or two, resisted my efforts. "What should I see besides Aunt Reed in the apartment?-a man or a woman?" The handle turned, the door unclosed, and passing through and curtseying low, I looked up at-a black pillar!

inwardly - intérieurement

stiff - rigide, raide, macchabée

handle - poignée, crosse, manions, traiter, manient, maniez

efforts - efforts, effort

curtseying - la révérence, révérence, faire la révérence, révérencier

pillar - pilier, pile

-such, at least, appeared to me, at first sight, the straight, narrow, sable-clad shape standing erect on the rug: the grim face at the top was like a carved mask, placed above the shaft by way of capital.

sight - vue, quelque chose a voir, truc a voir, mire, viseur

sable - zibeline, martre, sable

erect - en érection, fonder, érigeons, érigent, érigez, arborer, ériger

rug - tapis, couverture

shaft - arbre, hampe, rachis, cage, entuber

Mrs. Reed occupied her usual seat by the fireside; she made a signal to me to approach; I did so, and she introduced me to the stony stranger with the words: "This is the little girl respecting whom I applied to you."

occupied - occupée, occuper, habiter

signal - signal, signaler

stony - pierreux, froid, sec

respecting - respecter, respect

He, for it was a man, turned his head slowly towards where I stood, and having examined me with the two inquisitive-looking grey eyes which twinkled under a pair of bushy brows, said solemnly, and in a bass voice, "Her size is small: what is her age?"

examined - examinés, examiner

inquisitive - curieux

twinkled - a scintillé, briller, cligner, virevolter

brows - les sourcils, (brow), andouiller d'oil, maître andouiller

bass voice - voix de basse

"Ten years."

"So much?" was the doubtful answer; and he prolonged his scrutiny for some minutes. Presently he addressed me-"Your name, little girl?"

doubtful - douteux, douteuse

"Jane Eyre, sir."

In uttering these words I looked up: he seemed to me a tall gentleman; but then I was very little; his features were large, and they and all the lines of his frame were equally harsh and prim.

uttering - prononcer, (utter) prononcer

prim - prim, guindé

"Well, Jane Eyre, and are you a good child?"

Impossible to reply to this in the affirmative: my little world held a contrary opinion: I was silent. Mrs. Reed answered for me by an expressive shake of the head, adding soon, "Perhaps the less said on that subject the better, Mr. Brocklehurst."

affirmative - affirmatif, phrase affirmative

contrary - contraire, contrepied

expressive - expressif

"Sorry indeed to hear it! she and I must have some talk;" and bending from the perpendicular, he installed his person in the arm-chair opposite Mrs. Reed's. "Come here," he said.

perpendicular - perpendiculaire, fil a plomb

installed - installée, installer

I stepped across the rug; he placed me square and straight before him. What a face he had, now that it was almost on a level with mine! what a great nose! and what a mouth! and what large prominent teeth!

"No sight so sad as that of a naughty child," he began, "especially a naughty little girl. Do you know where the wicked go after death?"

"They go to hell," was my ready and orthodox answer.

hell - l'enfer, enfer

orthodox - orthodoxe

"And what is hell? Can you tell me that?"

"A pit full of fire."

pit - fosse, écart, précipice, noyau

"And should you like to fall into that pit, and to be burning there for ever?"

"No, sir."

"What must you do to avoid it?"

I deliberated a moment; my answer, when it did come, was objectionable: "I must keep in good health, and not die."

deliberated - délibéré, concerté, délibérer

objectionable - répréhensible

"How can you keep in good health? Children younger than you die daily. I buried a little child of five years old only a day or two since,-a good little child, whose soul is now in heaven. It is to be feared the same could not be said of you were you to be called hence."

Not being in a condition to remove his doubt, I only cast my eyes down on the two large feet planted on the rug, and sighed, wishing myself far enough away.

cast - casting, jeter, diriger, lancer, additionner, sommer, muer

"I hope that sigh is from the heart, and that you repent of ever having been the occasion of discomfort to your excellent benefactress."

sigh - soupir

discomfort - malaise, inconfort

"Benefactress! benefactress!" said I inwardly: "they all call Mrs. Reed my benefactress; if so, a benefactress is a disagreeable thing."

disagreeable - incompatible, désagréable

"Do you say your prayers night and morning?" continued my interrogator.

interrogator - interrogateur, interrogatrice

"Yes, sir."

"Do you read your Bible?"

Bible - la bible, Bible


"With pleasure? Are you fond of it?"

"I like Revelations, and the book of Daniel, and Genesis and Samuel, and a little bit of Exodus, and some parts of Kings and Chronicles, and Job and Jonah."

revelations - des révélations, révélation

Daniel - daniel

Genesis - la genese, genese

Exodus - exodus, Exode

Chronicles - chroniques, chronique

Jonah - jonas, porte-malheur

"And the Psalms? I hope you like them?"

Psalms - les psaumes, psaume

"No, sir."

"No? oh, shocking! I have a little boy, younger than you, who knows six Psalms by heart: and when you ask him which he would rather have, a gingerbread-nut to eat or a verse of a Psalm to learn, he says: 'Oh! the verse of a Psalm! angels sing Psalms;'says he, 'I wish to be a little angel here below;'he then gets two nuts in recompense for his infant piety."

gingerbread - pain d'épice, pain d'épices, style gingerbread

verse - vers, strophe

psalm - psaume

angel - ange

recompense - compensation, restituer

"Psalms are not interesting," I remarked.

remarked - remarqué, remarque

"That proves you have a wicked heart; and you must pray to God to change it: to give you a new and clean one: to take away your heart of stone and give you a heart of flesh."

proves - prouve, prouver

pray to - prier

I was about to propound a question, touching the manner in which that operation of changing my heart was to be performed, when Mrs. Reed interposed, telling me to sit down; she then proceeded to carry on the conversation herself.

propound - proposer

operation - l'opération, opération, fonctionnement, exploitation, gestion

proceeded - a procédé, avancer, procéder

"Mr. Brocklehurst, I believe I intimated in the letter which I wrote to you three weeks ago, that this little girl has not quite the character and disposition I could wish: should you admit her into Lowood school, I should be glad if the superintendent and teachers were requested to keep a strict eye on her, and, above all, to guard against her worst fault, a tendency to deceit.

admit - admettre, avouer, reconnaître

Superintendent - le directeur de l'école, surintendant, superintendant

guard - garde, protection, gardien, arriere, défense, garder

deceit - la tromperie, tromperie, ruse, fraude

I mention this in your hearing, Jane, that you may not attempt to impose on Mr. Brocklehurst."

attempt - tenter, essayer, tentative, attentat

impose - imposer

Well might I dread, well might I dislike Mrs. Reed; for it was her nature to wound me cruelly; never was I happy in her presence; however carefully I obeyed, however strenuously I strove to please her, my efforts were still repulsed and repaid by such sentences as the above.

dislike - l'aversion, antipathie, ne pas aimer

wound - blessons, blessent, blessez, blessure, blesser

cruelly - cruellement

obeyed - obéi, obéir, obtempérer

strenuously - cassante

repulsed - repoussé, repousser

repaid - remboursé, rembourser, rendre

Now, uttered before a stranger, the accusation cut me to the heart; I dimly perceived that she was already obliterating hope from the new phase of existence which she destined me to enter; I felt, though I could not have expressed the feeling, that she was sowing aversion and unkindness along my future path; I saw myself transformed under Mr.

uttered - prononcée, complet, total

accusation - accusation

perceived - perçue, percevoir

obliterating - oblitérer, annihiler, effacer

phase - phase

unkindness - la méchanceté

transformed - transformé, transformer, transformée

Brocklehurst's eye into an artful, noxious child, and what could I do to remedy the injury?

artful - artistique, artificieux

remedy - remede, remede, recours, remédier

"Nothing, indeed," thought I, as I struggled to repress a sob, and hastily wiped away some tears, the impotent evidences of my anguish.

struggled - en difficulté, lutte, lutter, s'efforcer, combattre

repress - réprimer

sob - sanglot, fdp

impotent - impuissant

"Deceit is, indeed, a sad fault in a child," said Mr. Brocklehurst; "it is akin to falsehood, and all liars will have their portion in the lake burning with fire and brimstone; she shall, however, be watched, Mrs. Reed. I will speak to Miss Temple and the teachers."

akin - apparenté, analogue

falsehood - le mensonge, mensonge

liars - menteurs, menteur, menteuse

portion - part, portion

Brimstone - le soufre, citron

Temple - le temple, tempe, temple

"I should wish her to be brought up in a manner suiting her prospects," continued my benefactress; "to be made useful, to be kept humble: as for the vacations, she will, with your permission, spend them always at Lowood."

prospects - des perspectives, perspective

"Your decisions are perfectly judicious, madam," returned Mr. Brocklehurst. "Humility is a Christian grace, and one peculiarly appropriate to the pupils of Lowood; I, therefore, direct that especial care shall be bestowed on its cultivation amongst them. I have studied how best to mortify in them the worldly sentiment of pride; and, only the other day, I had a pleasing proof of my success.

perfectly - parfaitement

judicious - judicieux

humility - l'humilité, humilité

Christian - chrétien, chrétienne, Christian

grace - bénédicité, grâces, grâce, miséricorde

peculiarly - de façon particuliere

appropriate - approprié, idoine, approprier

pupils - éleves, écolier/-iere

especial - particulier

bestowed - accordé, disposer de, accorder, remettre, conférer

cultivation - la culture, culture

mortify - mortifier

worldly - laique

Proof - la preuve, preuve, épreuve

My second daughter, Augusta, went with her mama to visit the school, and on her return she exclaimed: 'Oh, dear papa, how quiet and plain all the girls at Lowood look, with their hair combed behind their ears, and their long pinafores, and those little holland pockets outside their frocks-they are almost like poor people's children!

Augusta - augusta

combed - peigné, combe

pinafores - pinafores, tablier

and,'said she, 'they looked at my dress and mama's, as if they had never seen a silk gown before.'"

"This is the state of things I quite approve," returned Mrs. Reed; "had I sought all England over, I could scarcely have found a system more exactly fitting a child like Jane Eyre. Consistency, my Dear Mr. Brocklehurst; I advocate consistency in all things."

approve - approuver, éprouvé, approuvent, approuvez

consistency - cohérence, consistance

Dear Mr - Cher Monsieur

advocate - défenseur des droits de l'homme, avocat, avocate, portearole

"Consistency, madam, is the first of Christian duties; and it has been observed in every arrangement connected with the establishment of Lowood: plain fare, simple attire, unsophisticated accommodations, hardy and active habits; such is the order of the day in the house and its inhabitants."

duties - fonctions, devoir, obligation, service, travail, taxe

observed - observée, observer, remarquer, respecter, garder

establishment - établissement, systeme, classe dirigeante, establishment

plain fare - un simple tarif

unsophisticated - sans sophistication

accommodations - l'hébergement, hébergement, logement, accommodation

hardy - robuste, rustique

inhabitants - habitants, habitant, habitante, résident, résidente

"Quite right, sir. I may then depend upon this child being received as a pupil at Lowood, and there being trained in conformity to her position and prospects?"

pupil - éleve, pupille, éléve

conformity - conformité

"Madam, you may: she shall be placed in that nursery of chosen plants, and I trust she will show herself grateful for the inestimable privilege of her election."

trust - confiance, trust, faire confiance, avoir foi en quelqu’un

grateful - reconnaissant

inestimable - inestimable

election - l'élection, élection

"I will send her, then, as soon as possible, Mr. Brocklehurst; for, I assure you, I feel anxious to be relieved of a responsibility that was becoming too irksome."

assure - assurer, rassurer

relieved - soulagé, soulager, relayer, faire ses besoins, se soulager

responsibility - responsabilité

"No doubt, no doubt, madam; and now I wish you good morning. I shall return to Brocklehurst Hall in the course of a week or two: my good friend, the Archdeacon, will not permit me to leave him sooner. I shall send Miss Temple notice that she is to expect a new girl, so that there will be no difficulty about receiving her. Good-bye."

Archdeacon - archidiacre

difficulty - difficulté

Good-bye - (Good-bye) Au revoir

"Good-bye, Mr. Brocklehurst; remember me to Mrs. and Miss Brocklehurst, and to Augusta and Theodore, and Master Broughton Brocklehurst."

"I will, madam. Little girl, here is a book entitled the 'Child's Guide,'read it with prayer, especially that part containing 'An account of the awfully sudden death of Martha G---, a naughty child addicted to falsehood and deceit.'"

entitled - habilité, intituler

prayer - oraison, priere

awfully - terriblement

sudden death - une mort soudaine

addicted - dépendants, dépendant, dépendante, intoxiqué, intoxiquée g

With these words Mr. Brocklehurst put into my hand a thin pamphlet sewn in a cover, and having rung for his carriage, he departed.

pamphlet - brochure, pamphlet

sewn - cousu, coudre

rung - s'est arreté, marche, (ring) s'est arreté

Mrs. Reed and I were left alone: some minutes passed in silence; she was sewing, I was watching her. Mrs.

Reed might be at that time some six or seven and thirty; she was a woman of robust frame, square-shouldered and strong-limbed, not tall, and, though stout, not obese: she had a somewhat large face, the under jaw being much developed and very solid; her brow was low, her chin large and prominent, mouth and nose sufficiently regular; under her light eyebrows glimmered an eye devoid of ruth; her skin was dark and opaque, her hair nearly flaxen; her constitution was sound as a bell-illness never came near her; she was an exact, clever manager; her household and tenantry were thoroughly under her control; her children only at times defied her authority and laughed it to scorn; she dressed well, and had a presence and port calculated to set off handsome attire.

robust - robuste

limbed - limbé, membre

obese - obeses, obese

jaw - mâchoire

chin - menton

sufficiently - suffisamment

eyebrows - sourcils, sourcil

glimmered - miroité, lueur, émettre une lueur

devoid - dépourvu

ruth - livre de Ruth, Ruth

opaque - opaque

flaxen - de lin

constitution - constitution

household - foyer, ménage, maisonnée, domestique

tenantry - la titularisation

thoroughly - a fond, absolument, completement

defied - défié, défier, désobéir a

authority - l'autorité, autorité

scorn - mépriser, dédaigner, mépris, dédain

port - port, connexion

calculated - calculée, calculer

Sitting on a low stool, a few yards from her arm-chair, I examined her figure; I perused her features. In my hand I held the tract containing the sudden death of the Liar, to which narrative my attention had been pointed as to an appropriate warning. What had just passed; what Mrs. Reed had said concerning me to Mr.

tract - tract, étendue

sudden - soudain, soudaine, subit

liar - menteur, menteuse

warning - l'avertissement, avertissement, attention, (warn), avertir

Brocklehurst; the whole tenor of their conversation, was recent, raw, and stinging in my mind; I had felt every word as acutely as I had heard it plainly, and a passion of resentment fomented now within me.

tenor - ténor

stinging - des piqures, (sting) des piqures

acutely - avec acuité

plainly - en toute clarté, simplement, clairement

resentment - le ressentiment, ressentiment, agacement, rancune

fomented - fomenté, fomenter

Mrs. Reed looked up from her work; her eye settled on mine, her fingers at the same time suspended their nimble movements.

settled - réglée, (s')installer

suspended - suspendue, suspendre

nimble - agile, fulgurant, preste, leste, vif

"Go out of the room; return to the nursery," was her mandate. My look or something else must have struck her as offensive, for she spoke with extreme though suppressed irritation. I got up, I went to the door; I came back again; I walked to the window, across the room, then close up to her.

mandate - commettant, mandat

offensive - offensant, offensif, offensive

suppressed - supprimée, contenir, fr

irritation - l'irritation, irritation

Speak I must: I had been trodden on severely, and must turn: but how? What strength had I to dart retaliation at my antagonist? I gathered my energies and launched them in this blunt sentence-

trodden - foulée, marcher (sur)

severely - séverement

dart - dart, dard

retaliation - des représailles, représailles

antagonist - antagoniste

launched - lancé, lancer

"I am not deceitful: if I were, I should say I loved you; but I declare I do not love you: I dislike you the worst of anybody in the world except John Reed; and this book about the liar, you may give to your girl, Georgiana, for it is she who tells lies, and not I."

deceitful - trompeuse

declare - expliquer, déclarer

Mrs. Reed's hands still lay on her work inactive: her eye of ice continued to dwell freezingly on mine.

inactive - inactif

dwell - s'attarder, résider, s'appesantir sur

freezingly - gelé

"What more have you to say?" she asked, rather in the tone in which a person might address an opponent of adult age than such as is ordinarily used to a child.

opponent - adversaire

That eye of hers, that voice stirred every antipathy I had. Shaking from head to foot, thrilled with ungovernable excitement, I continued-

thrilled - ravie, exciter

ungovernable - ingouvernable

"I am glad you are no relation of mine: I will never call you aunt again as long as I live. I will never come to see you when I am grown up; and if any one asks me how I liked you, and how you treated me, I will say the very thought of you makes me sick, and that you treated me with miserable cruelty."

liked you - Je t'aimais bien

cruelty - la cruauté, cruauté

"How dare you affirm that, Jane Eyre?"

"How dare I, Mrs. Reed? How dare I? Because it is the truth. You think I have no feelings, and that I can do without one bit of love or kindness; but I cannot live so: and you have no pity.

I shall remember how you thrust me back-roughly and violently thrust me back-into the red-room, and locked me up there, to my dying day; though I was in agony; though I cried out, while suffocating with distress, 'Have mercy! Have mercy, Aunt Reed!' And that punishment you made me suffer because your wicked boy struck me-knocked me down for nothing.

roughly - en gros, rudement, approximativement

violently - violemment

dying - teignant, mourant, (dye) teignant

agony - l'agonie, agonie, angoisse

suffocating - étouffant, (suffocate), suffoquer, étouffer

distress - la détresse, détresse

suffer - souffrir, souffrir de, pâtir de, endurer, supporter, subir

I will tell anybody who asks me questions, this exact tale. People think you a good woman, but you are bad, hard-hearted. You are deceitful!"

How dare I, Mrs. Reed? How dare I? Because it is the


Ere I had finished this reply, my soul began to expand, to exult, with the strangest sense of freedom, of triumph, I ever felt. It seemed as if an invisible bond had burst, and that I had struggled out into unhoped-for liberty. Not without cause was this sentiment: Mrs.

expand - se développer, agrandir, développer, élaborer, (s')éteindre

exult - exulter

freedom - la liberté, liberté

triumph - triomphe, triomphal

invisible - invisible, caché

bond - lien, sautiller

unhoped - inespéré

Reed looked frightened; her work had slipped from her knee; she was lifting up her hands, rocking herself to and fro, and even twisting her face as if she would cry.

frightened - effrayé, effrayer, redouter, terrifier

fro - fro

twisting - torsion, (twist), twist, entortiller, tordre

"Jane, you are under a mistake: what is the matter with you? Why do you tremble so violently? Would you like to drink some water?"

tremble - trembler, vibrer, tremblement, vibration

"No, Mrs. Reed."

"Is there anything else you wish for, Jane? I assure you, I desire to be your friend."

desire - désirer, désir

"Not you. You told Mr. Brocklehurst I had a bad character, a deceitful disposition; and I'll let everybody at Lowood know what you are, and what you have done."

"Jane, you don't understand these things: children must be corrected for their faults."

faults - défauts, défaut, faute, faille

"Deceit is not my fault!" I cried out in a savage, high voice.

"But you are passionate, Jane, that you must allow: and now return to the nursery-there's a dear-and lie down a little."

"I am not your dear; I cannot lie down: send me to school soon, Mrs. Reed, for I hate to live here."

"I will indeed send her to school soon," murmured Mrs. Reed sotto voce; and gathering up her work, she abruptly quitted the apartment.

murmured - murmuré, murmure, rumeur, souffle, murmurer

quitted - a démissionné, quitter, abandonner

I was left there alone-winner of the field. It was the hardest battle I had fought, and the first victory I had gained: I stood awhile on the rug, where Mr. Brocklehurst had stood, and I enjoyed my conqueror's solitude. First, I smiled to myself and felt elate; but this fierce pleasure subsided in me as fast as did the accelerated throb of my pulses.

Gained - gagné, gagner

Conqueror - conquérant, conquérante

solitude - la solitude, solitude

fierce - féroce

subsided - s'est apaisée, tomber, calmer

accelerated - accéléré, accélérer

throb - palpitant, battre, palpiter, vibrer, résonner, battement

pulses - impulsions, pouls

A child cannot quarrel with its elders, as I had done; cannot give its furious feelings uncontrolled play, as I had given mine, without experiencing afterwards the pang of remorse and the chill of reaction. A ridge of lighted heath, alive, glancing, devouring, would have been a meet emblem of my mind when I accused and menaced Mrs.

quarrel - querelle, bagarrer, noise, algarade, dispute

furious - furieux

uncontrolled - incontrôlée

remorse - des remords, remords, componction

reaction - réaction

ridge - crete, crete, faîte, dorsale

Heath - heath, lande, bruyere

devouring - dévorant, dévorer

emblem - embleme, embleme

menaced - menacé, menace

Reed: the same ridge, black and blasted after the flames are dead, would have represented as meetly my subsequent condition, when half-an-hour's silence and reflection had shown me the madness of my conduct, and the dreariness of my hated and hating position.

blasted - blasté, souffle

flames - flammes, flamme, polémique

subsequent - ultérieures, subséquent, suivant, prochain

reflection - réflexion, reflet, eaning 4

madness - la folie, folie

Something of vengeance I had tasted for the first time; as aromatic wine it seemed, on swallowing, warm and racy: its after-flavour, metallic and corroding, gave me a sensation as if I had been poisoned. Willingly would I now have gone and asked Mrs.

vengeance - vengeance

aromatic - aromatique, odorant

swallowing - avaler

racy - osé, plein de verve

flavour - gout, arôme, aromatisent, aromatisons, aromatisez

metallic - métallique, métalisé

corroding - la corrosion, éroder, rouiller, corroder

poisoned - empoisonné, poison, empoisonner

willingly - volontairement, volontiers

Reed's pardon; but I knew, partly from experience and partly from instinct, that was the way to make her repulse me with double scorn, thereby re-exciting every turbulent impulse of my nature.

Pardon - pardon, grâce, pardonner, gracier, désolé, excusez-moi

partly - en partie

instinct - l'instinct, instinct

repulse - repousser

I would fain exercise some better faculty than that of fierce speaking; fain find nourishment for some less fiendish feeling than that of sombre indignation. I took a book-some Arabian tales; I sat down and endeavoured to read. I could make no sense of the subject; my own thoughts swam always between me and the page I had usually found fascinating.

fain - fain

faculty - la faculté, faculté

nourishment - l'alimentation, nourriture

fiendish - diabolique

thoughts - réflexions, idée, pensée

fascinating - fascinant, fasciner

I opened the glass-door in the breakfast-room: the shrubbery was quite still: the black frost reigned, unbroken by sun or breeze, through the grounds.

reigned - régnait, regne, régner

unbroken - ininterrompue

I covered my head and arms with the skirt of my frock, and went out to walk in a part of the plantation which was quite sequestrated; but I found no pleasure in the silent trees, the falling fir-cones, the congealed relics of autumn, russet leaves, swept by past winds in heaps, and now stiffened together.

frock - robe de chambre, robe

plantation - plantation

fir - sapin

cones - cônes, surface conique, cône, pomme de pin, pive

russet - roussâtre, roux, rousse

winds - vents, vent

in heaps - en tas

stiffened - s'est raidie, raidir, endurcir, se raidir, s'endurcir

I leaned against a gate, and looked into an empty field where no sheep were feeding, where the short grass was nipped and blanched. It was a very grey day; a most opaque sky, "onding on snaw," canopied all; thence flakes felt it intervals, which settled on the hard path and on the hoary lea without melting.

leaned - penché, pencher

onding - onding

snaw - snaw

canopied - couvert, dais, baldaquin, voute, marquise, canopée

flakes - flocons, flocon

hoary - fatigué, chenu

melting - la fonte, fusion, (melt), fondre (1), se dissoudre (2)

I stood, a wretched child enough, whispering to myself over and over again, "What shall I do?-what shall I do?"

wretched - misérable

All at once I heard a clear voice call, "Miss Jane! where are you? Come to lunch!"

It was Bessie, I knew well enough; but I did not stir; her light step came tripping down the path.

"You naughty little thing!" she said. "Why don't you come when you are called?"

Bessie's presence, compared with the thoughts over which I had been brooding, seemed cheerful; even though, as usual, she was somewhat cross. The fact is, after my conflict with and victory over Mrs. Reed, I was not disposed to care much for the nursemaid's transitory anger; and I was disposed to bask in her youthful lightness of heart. I just put my two arms round her and said, "Come, Bessie!

brooding - couvant, méditatif, (brood), couvée, couver, protéger

cheerful - joyeux, content, de bonne humeur

conflict - conflit, incompatibilité

nursemaid - nounou, nourrice, bonne d'enfants

anger - la colere, colere, ire, courroux, rage

bask - bask, lézarder, baigner

youthful - juvénile, jeune

lightness - aisance

don't scold."

The action was more frank and fearless than any I was habituated to indulge in: somehow it pleased her.

fearless - sans peur, courageux, brave, intrépide

indulge - se faire plaisir, céder, succomber, dorloter, gâter, choyer

somehow - d'une maniere ou d'une autre

"You are a strange child, Miss Jane," she said, as she looked down at me; "a little roving, solitary thing: and you are going to school, I suppose?"

I nodded.

nodded - hoché la tete, dodeliner, hocher, hochement

"And won't you be sorry to leave poor Bessie?"

"What does Bessie care for me? She is always scolding me."

scolding - gronder, grognant, (scold), chipie, furie, mégere

"Because you're such a queer, frightened, shy little thing. You should be bolder."

queer - pédé, étrange, bizarre

Shy - timide, gené, prudent, embarrassé

bolder - plus audacieux, hardi, audacieux

"What! to get more knocks?"

"Nonsense! But you are rather put upon, that's certain. My mother said, when she came to see me last week, that she would not like a little one of her own to be in your place.-Now, come in, and I've some good news for you."

"I don't think you have, Bessie."

"Child! what do you mean? What sorrowful eyes you fix on me! Well, but Missis and the young ladies and Master John are going out to tea this afternoon, and you shall have tea with me. I'll ask cook to bake you a little cake, and then you shall help me to look over your drawers; for I am soon to pack your trunk.

sorrowful - chagrin

have tea - prendre du thé

bake - cuisson, cuire

trunk - tronc, malle, coffre, trompe, coffre (de voiture), valise

Missis intends you to leave Gateshead in a day or two, and you shall choose what toys you like to take with you."

intends - intentions, avoir l'intention, envisager, concevoir, prévoir

"Bessie, you must promise not to scold me any more till I go."

"Well, I will; but mind you are a very good girl, and don't be afraid of me. Don't start when I chance to speak rather sharply; it's so provoking."

sharply - brusquement

provoking - provoquer

"I don't think I shall ever be afraid of you again, Bessie, because I have got used to you, and I shall soon have another set of people to dread."

"If you dread them they'll dislike you."

"As you do, Bessie?"

"I don't dislike you, Miss; I believe I am fonder of you than of all the others."

fonder - plus affectueux, tendre, amoureux

"You don't show it."

"You little sharp thing! you've got quite a new way of talking. What makes you so venturesome and hardy?"

venturesome - aventureux

"Why, I shall soon be away from you, and besides"-I was going to say something about what had passed between me and Mrs. Reed, but on second thoughts I considered it better to remain silent on that head.

be away - etre absent

"And so you're glad to leave me?"

"Not at all, Bessie; indeed, just now I'm rather sorry."

"Just now! and rather! How coolly my little lady says it! I dare say now if I were to ask you for a kiss you wouldn't give it me: you'd say you'd rather not."

coolly - froidement

kiss - baiser, baisent, biser, baisons, baisez, bécot, bise

"I'll kiss you and welcome: bend your head down." Bessie stooped; we mutually embraced, and I followed her into the house quite comforted. That afternoon lapsed in peace and harmony; and in the evening Bessie told me some of her most enchanting stories, and sang me some of her sweetest songs. Even for me life had its gleams of sunshine.

bend - plier, courber, tordre, tourner

stooped - vouté, se baisser

mutually - mutuellement

embraced - embrassée, étreindre, embrasser, accolade

comforted - réconforté, confort, consoler

lapsed - caduque, erreur, faute

enchanting - enchanteresse, enchanter

gleams - des lueurs, luire

sunshine - soleil, lumiere du soleil


Five o'clock had hardly struck on the morning of the 19th of January, when Bessie brought a candle into my closet and found me already up and nearly dressed. I had risen half-an-hour before her entrance, and had washed my face, and put on my clothes by the light of a half-moon just setting, whose rays streamed through the narrow window near my crib.

hardly - a peine, dur, durement, guere, a peine

half-moon - (half-moon) demi-lune

setting - de l'environnement, réglage, configuration

rays - rayons, rayon

streamed - en streaming, ruisseau, ru, rupt, filet, flot, courant, torrent

I was to leave Gateshead that day by a coach which passed the lodge gates at six a.m. Bessie was the only person yet risen; she had lit a fire in the nursery, where she now proceeded to make my breakfast. Few children can eat when excited with the thoughts of a journey; nor could I.

Bessie, having pressed me in vain to take a few spoonfuls of the boiled milk and bread she had prepared for me, wrapped up some biscuits in a paper and put them into my bag; then she helped me on with my pelisse and bonnet, and wrapping herself in a shawl, she and I left the nursery. As we passed Mrs. Reed's bedroom, she said, "Will you go in and bid Missis good-bye?"

pressed - pressé, appuyer sur, presser

spoonfuls - cuillerées, cuillerée

pelisse - burnous

wrapping - l'emballage, (wrap) l'emballage

"No, Bessie: she came to my crib last night when you were gone down to supper, and said I need not disturb her in the morning, or my cousins either; and she told me to remember that she had always been my best friend, and to speak of her and be grateful to her accordingly."

disturb - déranger, perturber, gener

accordingly - en conséquence, conséquemment

"What did you say, Miss?"

"Nothing: I covered my face with the bedclothes, and turned from her to the wall."

bedclothes - le linge de lit, linge de lit

"That was wrong, Miss Jane."

"It was quite right, Bessie. Your Missis has not been my friend: she has been my foe."

foe - ennemi, ennemi/-ie

"O Miss Jane! don't say so!"

"Good-bye to Gateshead!" cried I, as we passed through the hall and went out at the front door.

The moon was set, and it was very dark; Bessie carried a lantern, whose light glanced on wet steps and gravel road sodden by a recent thaw. Raw and chill was the winter morning: my teeth chattered as I hastened down the drive.

glanced - a glissé, jeter un coup d’oil, coup d'oil

gravel - graviers, gravillons, gravier

sodden - détrempé, mouillé, trempé, bourré

thaw - dégeler, dégel

chattered - bavardé, jacasser, bavarder

hastened - s'est hâté, dépecher

There was a light in the porter's lodge: when we reached it, we found the porter's wife just kindling her fire: my trunk, which had been carried down the evening before, stood corded at the door.

kindling - du bois d'allumage, petit bois, (kindle) du bois d'allumage

corded - cordée, corde, cordon

It wanted but a few minutes of six, and shortly after that hour had struck, the distant roll of wheels announced the coming coach; I went to the door and watched its lamps approach rapidly through the gloom.

shortly - dans peu de temps, rapidement, brievement

announced - annoncée, annoncer

rapidly - rapidement

"Is she going by herself?" asked the porter's wife.

going by - qui passe


"And how far is it?"

"Fifty miles."

"What a long way! I wonder Mrs. Reed is not afraid to trust her so far alone."

The coach drew up; there it was at the gates with its four horses and its top laden with passengers: the guard and coachman loudly urged haste; my trunk was hoisted up; I was taken from Bessie's neck, to which I clung with kisses.

laden - laden, chargé, chargée, (lade) laden

coachman - cocher

urged - pressé, pulsion, pousser, inciter, provoquer, insister

haste - hâte

hoisted - hissé, hisser

clung - s'est accroché, s'accrocher (a)

kisses - des baisers, (s')embrasser

"Be sure and take good care of her," cried she to the guard, as he lifted me into the inside.

"Ay, ay!" was the answer: the door was slapped to, a voice exclaimed "All right," and on we drove. Thus was I severed from Bessie and Gateshead; thus whirled away to unknown, and, as I then deemed, remote and mysterious regions.

Ay - il est vrai que

slapped - giflé, claque, gifler

severed - coupée, rompre, trancher, sectionner

whirled - tourbillonné, tourbillonner

I remember but little of the journey; I only know that the day seemed to me of a preternatural length, and that we appeared to travel over hundreds of miles of road. We passed through several towns, and in one, a very large one, the coach stopped; the horses were taken out, and the passengers alighted to dine.

alighted - descendus, descendre (de)

dine - dîner

I was carried into an inn, where the guard wanted me to have some dinner; but, as I had no appetite, he left me in an immense room with a fireplace at each end, a chandelier pendent from the ceiling, and a little red gallery high up against the wall filled with musical instruments.

Inn - l'auberge, auberge

appetite - l'appétit, appétit

immense - immense

fireplace - âtre, foyer, cheminée

chandelier - chandelier, lustre

pendent - en surplomb

Here I walked about for a long time, feeling very strange, and mortally apprehensive of some one coming in and kidnapping me; for I believed in kidnappers, their exploits having frequently figured in Bessie's fireside chronicles.

mortally - mortellement

apprehensive - des appréhensions

kidnapping - l'enlevement, enlevement, kidnapping, (kidnap), enlever

kidnappers - des kidnappeurs, ravisseur, ravisseuse, kidnappeur, kidnappeuse

exploits - des exploits, exploit, exploiter

At last the guard returned; once more I was stowed away in the coach, my protector mounted his own seat, sounded his hollow horn, and away we rattled over the "stony street" of L-.

stowed away - rangé

protector - protecteur, guardien

horn - corne, cor, klaxon, cuivres

rattled - secouée, (faire) cliqueter

The afternoon came on wet and somewhat misty: as it waned into dusk, I began to feel that we were getting very far indeed from Gateshead: we ceased to pass through towns; the country changed; great grey hills heaved up round the horizon: as twilight deepened, we descended a valley, dark with wood, and long after night had overclouded the prospect, I heard a wild wind rushing amongst trees.

misty - brumeux

waned - s'est terni, décroître

dusk - crépuscule

ceased - cessé, cesser, s'arreter, cesser de + 'infinitive'

heaved - heaved, hisser

deepened - approfondi, approfondir, intensifier

prospect - prospect, perspective, prospecter

Lulled by the sound, I at last dropped asleep; I had not long slumbered when the sudden cessation of motion awoke me; the coach-door was open, and a person like a servant was standing at it: I saw her face and dress by the light of the lamps.

lulled - bercé, pause, bonace, calme, apaiser, bercer, calmer

slumbered - a sommeillé, somnolence, somnoler

cessation - l'arret, cessation

motion - mouvement, motion

awoke - s'est réveillé, (se) réveiller, (s')éveiller

"Is there a little girl called Jane Eyre here?" she asked. I answered "Yes," and was then lifted out; my trunk was handed down, and the coach instantly drove away.

drove away - est parti en voiture

I was stiff with long sitting, and bewildered with the noise and motion of the coach: Gathering my faculties, I looked about me. Rain, wind, and darkness filled the air; nevertheless, I dimly discerned a wall before me and a door open in it; through this door I passed with my new guide: she shut and locked it behind her.

nevertheless - néanmoins, toutefois, pourtant, malgré tout

discerned - discernée, discerner

There was now visible a house or houses-for the building spread far-with many windows, and lights burning in some; we went up a broad pebbly path, splashing wet, and were admitted at a door; then the servant led me through a passage into a room with a fire, where she left me alone.

broad - large

pebbly - caillouteux

splashing - éclaboussures, (splash), plouf, bruit, éclaboussure

I stood and warmed my numbed fingers over the blaze, then I looked round; there was no candle, but the uncertain light from the hearth showed, by intervals, papered walls, carpet, curtains, shining mahogany furniture: it was a parlour, not so spacious or splendid as the drawing-room at Gateshead, but comfortable enough.

numbed - engourdi, gourd, engourdir, endormir, anesthésier

blaze - flamme, feu, embrasement

uncertain - incertaine

shining - brillant, briller, éclairer

I was puzzling to make out the subject of a picture on the wall, when the door opened, and an individual carrying a light entered; another followed close behind.

The first was a tall lady with dark hair, dark eyes, and a pale and large forehead; her figure was partly enveloped in a shawl, her countenance was grave, her bearing erect.

forehead - front

enveloped - enveloppé, envelopper

countenance - visage, approuver

"The child is very young to be sent alone," said she, putting her candle down on the table. She considered me attentively for a minute or two, then further added-

attentively - attentivement

"She had better be put to bed soon; she looks tired: are you tired?" she asked, placing her hand on my shoulder.

"A little, ma'am."

"And hungry too, no doubt: let her have some supper before she goes to bed, Miss Miller. Is this the first time you have left your parents to come to school, my little girl?"

miller - miller, Meunier, Dumoulin

I explained to her that I had no parents. She inquired how long they had been dead: then how old I was, what was my name, whether I could read, write, and sew a little: then she touched my cheek gently with her forefinger, and saying, "She hoped I should be a good child," dismissed me along with Miss Miller.

inquired - a demandé, enqueter, renseigner

sew - coudre, cousez, cousons, couds, cousent

forefinger - l'index, index

dismissed - licencié, renvoyer, limoger, licencier, démettre

The lady I had left might be about twenty-nine; the one who went with me appeared some years younger: the first impressed me by her voice, look, and air.

impressed - impressionné, impressionner

Miss Miller was more ordinary; ruddy in complexion, though of a careworn countenance; hurried in gait and action, like one who had always a multiplicity of tasks on hand: she looked, indeed, what I afterwards found she really was, an under-teacher.

more ordinary - plus ordinaire

ruddy - ruddy, rougeâtre

careworn - usé par le temps

hurried - pressé, précipitation, hâte, dépecher

gait - démarche

multiplicity - multiplicité

Led by her, I passed from compartment to compartment, from passage to passage, of a large and irregular building; till, emerging from the total and somewhat dreary silence pervading that portion of the house we had traversed, we came upon the hum of many voices, and presently entered a wide, long room, with great deal tables, two at each end, on each of which burnt a pair of candles, and seated all round on benches, a congregation of girls of every age, from nine or ten to twenty. Seen by the dim light of the dips, their number to me appeared countless, though not in reality exceeding eighty; they were uniformly dressed in brown stuff frocks of quaint fashion, and long holland pinafores. It was the hour of study; they were engaged in conning over their to-morrow's task, and the hum I had heard was the combined result of their whispered repetitions.

compartment - compartiment, terrasse

irregular - irréguliere, irrégulier

emerging - émergents, émerger, sortir

pervading - omniprésente, saturer, pénétrer, envahir

traversed - traversé, franchir, traverser

candles - bougies, bougie, chandelle

benches - des bancs, banc

congregation - la congrégation, rassemblement, assemblée des fideles

dim light - une faible lumiere

dips - trempettes, tremper

countless - innombrables, incalculable, innombrable

exceeding - dépassant, excéder, dépasser

uniformly - uniformément

stuff - trucs, truc, substance (1), checkmachin (2), checktruc (2)

quaint - pittoresque, singulier, intéressant, curieux

engaged - engagé, attirer l'attention, engager, embrayer

conning - l'escroquerie, (con) l'escroquerie

morrow - lendemain, matin

combined - combinés, combiner

whispered - chuchoté, chuchotement, chuchoter, susurrer, murmurer

repetitions - répétitions, répétition

Miss Miller signed to me to sit on a bench near the door, then walking up to the top of the long room she cried out-

Bench - banc, établi, banquette

"Monitors, collect the lesson-books and put them away!"

Monitors - moniteurs, moniteur, monitrice, écran, contrôler

Four tall girls arose from different tables, and going round, gathered the books and removed them. Miss Miller again gave the word of command-

arose from - est née de

going round - Aller autour

"Monitors, fetch the supper-trays!"

trays - plateaux, plateau

The tall girls went out and returned presently, each bearing a tray, with portions of something, I knew not what, arranged thereon, and a pitcher of water and mug in the middle of each tray. The portions were handed round; those who liked took a draught of the water, the mug being common to all.

tray - plateau

portions - portions, part, portion

thereon - sur ce point, jusque-la

Pitcher - cruche, broc

mug - mug, broc

handed round - Distribuer

When it came to my turn, I drank, for I was thirsty, but did not touch the food, excitement and fatigue rendering me incapable of eating: I now saw, however, that it was a thin oaten cake shared into fragments.

fatigue - la fatigue, fatigue, épuisement, corvée, fatiguer

oaten - l'avoine

fragments - fragments, fragment, fragmenter

The meal over, prayers were read by Miss Miller, and the classes filed off, two and two, upstairs. Overpowered by this time with weariness, I scarcely noticed what sort of a place the bedroom was, except that, like the schoolroom, I saw it was very long.

filed off - Limer

overpowered - surpuissant, soumettre

schoolroom - salle de classe

To-night I was to be Miss Miller's bed-fellow; she helped me to undress: when laid down I glanced at the long rows of beds, each of which was quickly filled with two occupants; in ten minutes the single light was extinguished, and amidst silence and complete darkness I fell asleep.

undress - se déshabiller, déshabiller

rows - rangées, rang(ée)

occupants - occupants, occupant, habitant

extinguished - éteinte, éteindre

amidst - au milieu

The night passed rapidly. I was too tired even to dream; I only once awoke to hear the wind rave in furious gusts, and the rain fall in torrents, and to be sensible that Miss Miller had taken her place by my side. When I again unclosed my eyes, a loud bell was ringing; the girls were up and dressing; day had not yet begun to dawn, and a rushlight or two burned in the room.

rave - rave, délirer

gusts - des rafales, rafale

torrents - torrents, torrent

dawn - l'aube, se lever, naître, aube, lever du soleil, aurore

rushlight - rushlight

I too rose reluctantly; it was bitter cold, and I dressed as well as I could for shivering, and washed when there was a basin at liberty, which did not occur soon, as there was but one basin to six girls, on the stands down the middle of the room.

reluctantly - a contrecour

shivering - des frissons, (shiver) des frissons

occur - se produisent, produire

Again the bell rang: all formed in file, two and two, and in that order descended the stairs and entered the cold and dimly lit schoolroom: here prayers were read by Miss Miller; afterwards she called out-

file - fichier, ranger, dossier, classement, limer, lime, rangée

"Form classes!"

A great tumult succeeded for some minutes, during which Miss Miller repeatedly exclaimed, "Silence!" and "Order!" When it subsided, I saw them all drawn up in four semicircles, before four chairs, placed at the four tables; all held books in their hands, and a great book, like a Bible, lay on each table, before the vacant seat.

repeatedly - de façon répétée

semicircles - demi-cercles, demi-cercle

A pause of some seconds succeeded, filled up by the low, vague hum of numbers; Miss Miller walked from class to class, hushing this indefinite sound.

filled up - rempli

hushing - l'étouffement, silence

A distant bell tinkled: immediately three ladies entered the room, each walked to a table and took her seat. Miss Miller assumed the fourth vacant chair, which was that nearest the door, and around which the smallest of the children were assembled: to this inferior class I was called, and placed at the bottom of it.

tinkled - tintinnabulé, tinter, tintement

assumed - supposé, supposer, présupposer, présumer, assumer, adopter

assembled - assemblés, assembler, rassembler

inferior - inférieur

Business now began, the day's Collect was repeated, then certain texts of Scripture were said, and to these succeeded a protracted reading of chapters in the Bible, which lasted an hour. By the time that exercise was terminated, day had fully dawned.

protracted - prolongé, prolonger, tirer en longueur

chapters - chapitres, chapitre, branche, section

terminated - résilié, terminer

The indefatigable bell now sounded for the fourth time: the classes were marshalled and marched into another room to breakfast: how glad I was to behold a prospect of getting something to eat! I was now nearly sick from inanition, having taken so little the day before.

indefatigable - infatigable

marshalled - marshalled, maréchal, marshal, canaliser

behold - regarder, voir, observer, voici, voila

inanition - ineptie, vacuité, inanition

The refectory was a great, low-ceiled, gloomy room; on two long tables smoked basins of something hot, which, however, to my dismay, sent forth an odour far from inviting. I saw a universal manifestation of discontent when the fumes of the repast met the nostrils of those destined to swallow it; from the van of the procession, the tall girls of the first class, rose the whispered words-

refectory - le réfectoire, réfectoire

gloomy - morose, lugubre, sombre, terne, maussade

basins - bassins, cuvette, bassine, lavabo, bassin

dismay - affliger, mortifier, avoir peur, désarroi, consternation

odour - odeur

universal - universel

manifestation - manifestation

discontent - mécontentement, checkprotestation

fumes - des fumées, fulminer

repast - repas

nostrils - narines, narine, qualifier

swallow - avaler, avalons, empiffrer, hirondelle, avalez

procession - procession, cortege, kyrielle

"Disgusting! The porridge is burnt again!"

porridge - bouillie, porridge, gruau

"Silence!" ejaculated a voice; not that of Miss Miller, but one of the upper teachers, a little and dark personage, smartly dressed, but of somewhat morose aspect, who installed herself at the top of one table, while a more buxom lady presided at the other.

ejaculated - éjaculé, éjaculer, éjaculat

personage - personnage

smartly - roublard

morose - morose, sombre

buxom - plantureux, bien en chair

presided - présidé, présider

I looked in vain for her I had first seen the night before; she was not visible: Miss Miller occupied the foot of the table where I sat, and a strange, foreign-looking, elderly lady, the French teacher, as I afterwards found, took the corresponding seat at the other board. A long grace was said and a hymn sung; then a servant brought in some tea for the teachers, and the meal began.

elderly - personnes âgées, vieux, ancien, âgé

French teacher - Professeur de français

corresponding - correspondant, correspondre (...a qqchose)

Ravenous, and now very faint, I devoured a spoonful or two of my portion without thinking of its taste; but the first edge of hunger blunted, I perceived I had got in hand a nauseous mess; burnt porridge is almost as bad as rotten potatoes; famine itself soon sickens over it.

ravenous - vorace

faint - évanouissement, s'évanouir, défailles, défaillez, défaillir

devoured - dévorée, dévorer

spoonful - cuillerée

hunger - la faim, faim

blunted - émoussé

nauseous - nauséabond, nauséeux

mess - le désordre, purée, fouillis, bouillie

rotten - pourri, mauvais

famine - la famine, famine

sickens - malade, rendre malade

The spoons were moved slowly: I saw each girl taste her food and try to swallow it; but in most cases the effort was soon relinquished. Breakfast was over, and none had breakfasted. Thanks being returned for what we had not got, and a second hymn chanted, the refectory was evacuated for the schoolroom.

relinquished - renoncé, abandonner, renoncer, lâcher, relâcher, laisser

chanted - scandé, psalmodier

evacuated - évacués, évacuer

I was one of the last to go out, and in passing the tables, I saw one teacher take a basin of the porridge and taste it; she looked at the others; all their countenances expressed displeasure, and one of them, the stout one, whispered-

countenances - des visages, visage, approuver

displeasure - mécontentement, dépncisir, courroux

"Abominable stuff! How shameful!"

abominable - abominable

shameful - honteux, scandaleux

A quarter of an hour passed before lessons again began, during which the schoolroom was in a glorious tumult; for that space of time it seemed to be permitted to talk loud and more freely, and they used their privilege. The whole conversation ran on the breakfast, which one and all abused roundly. Poor things! it was the sole consolation they had.

glorious - glorieux, splendide

freely - librement

roundly - cyclo

sole - unique, seul, semelle, plante, sole

consolation - consoler, consolation

Miss Miller was now the only teacher in the room: a group of great girls standing about her spoke with serious and sullen gestures. I heard the name of Mr. Brocklehurst pronounced by some lips; at which Miss Miller shook her head disapprovingly; but she made no great effort to check the general wrath; doubtless she shared in it.

standing about - debout

gestures - gestes, geste, signe

lips - levres, levre

disapprovingly - avec désapprobation

wrath - colere, fureur, courroux, ire, colere

doubtless - sans doute, sans aucun doute, sans nul doute, indubitablement

A clock in the schoolroom struck nine; Miss Miller left her circle, and standing in the middle of the room, cried-

"Silence! To your seats!"

Discipline prevailed: in five minutes the confused throng was resolved into order, and comparative silence quelled the Babel clamour of tongues. The upper teachers now punctually resumed their posts: but still, all seemed to wait.

prevailed - a prévalu, dominer, prévaloir, l'emporter, prédominer

throng - essaim, foule

comparative - comparatif

quelled - étouffée, réprimer

babel - Babel, Babylone

clamour - clameur, jacasser

tongues - langues, langue, languette

punctually - ponctuellement

resumed - reprise, reprendre

Ranged on benches down the sides of the room, the eighty girls sat motionless and erect; a quaint assemblage they appeared, all with plain locks combed from their faces, not a curl visible; in brown dresses, made high and surrounded by a narrow tucker about the throat, with little pockets of holland (shaped something like a Highlander's purse) tied in front of their frocks, and destined to serve the purpose of a work-bag: all, too, wearing woollen stockings and country-made shoes, fastened with brass buckles. Above twenty of those clad in this costume were full-grown girls, or rather young women; it suited them ill, and gave an air of oddity even to the prettiest.

ranged - rangé, chaîne (de montagnes), cuisiniere, sélection, gamme

motionless - immobile

assemblage - assemblage

combed - peigné, peigne

surrounded - entouré, entourer, enceindre

tucker - tucker

throat - gorge, goulot

Highlander - Highlander, (highland), hautslateaux, hautes terres

purse - sac a main, bourse, portemonnaie, portefeuille, sac a main

woollen - lainage

stockings - bas

fastened - fixé, attacher, fixer

brass - laiton, airain

buckles - boucles, boucle

costume - costume, déguisement

oddity - bizarrerie, excentricité

I was still looking at them, and also at intervals examining the teachers-none of whom precisely pleased me; for the stout one was a little coarse, the dark one not a little fierce, the foreigner harsh and grotesque, and Miss Miller, poor thing!

examining - l'examen, examiner

precisely - précisément

grotesque - grotesque

looked purple, weather-beaten, and over-worked-when, as my eye wandered from face to face, the whole school rose simultaneously, as if moved by a common spring.

wandered - erré, errer, vaguer, divaguer

simultaneously - simultanément

What was the matter? I had heard no order given: I was puzzled. Ere I had gathered my wits, the classes were again seated: but as all eyes were now turned to one point, mine followed the general direction, and encountered the personage who had received me last night.

wits - l'esprit, esprit

encountered - rencontré, rencontrer, rencontre

She stood at the bottom of the long room, on the hearth; for there was a fire at each end; she surveyed the two rows of girls silently and gravely. Miss Miller approaching, seemed to ask her a question, and having received her answer, went back to her place, and said aloud-

silently - en silence, silencieusement

gravely - gravement

approaching - en approche, (s')approcher (de)

"Monitor of the first class, fetch the globes!"

monitor - moniteur, monitrice, écran, contrôler, surveiller

globes - globes, Terre, globe

While the direction was being executed, the lady consulted moved slowly up the room. I suppose I have a considerable organ of veneration, for I retain yet the sense of admiring awe with which my eyes traced her steps.

consulted - consultée, concerter

considerable - considérable

organ - organe, orgue

veneration - vénération

retain - retenir, conserver, maintenir

admiring - admiratif, admirer

awe - la stupeur, crainte, révérence, admiration

traced - tracé, trace

Seen now, in broad daylight, she looked tall, fair, and shapely; brown eyes with a benignant light in their irids, and a fine pencilling of long lashes round, relieved the whiteness of her large front; on each of her temples her hair, of a very dark brown, was clustered in round curls, according to the fashion of those times, when neither smooth bands nor long ringlets were in vogue; her dress, also in the mode of the day, was of purple cloth, relieved by a sort of Spanish trimming of black velvet; a gold watch (watches were not so common then as now) shone at her girdle. Let the reader add, to complete the picture, refined features; a complexion, if pale, clear; and a stately air and carriage, and he will have, at least, as clearly as words can give it, a correct idea of the exterior of Miss Temple-Maria Temple, as I afterwards saw the name written in a prayer-book intrusted to me to carry to church.

benignant - bénigne

lashes - cils, cil

whiteness - la blancheur, blancheur, blanchité, blanchitude

temples - temples, temple

dark brown - brun foncé

smooth - lisse, doux, facile, sophistiqué, naturel, souple, régulier

vogue - vogue, mode

mode - mode, maniere

Spanish - espagnol, castillan

trimming - le rognage, émondage, (trim), tailler, compenser, compensation

velvet - du velours, velours, duvet (on skin), velours (on antlers)

shone - briller, éclairer

girdle - gaine, corset, ceinture

refined - raffiné, raffiner, fr

stately - majestueux, imposant

exterior - extérieur

The superintendent of Lowood (for such was this lady) having taken her seat before a pair of globes placed on one of the tables, summoned the first class round her, and commenced giving a lesson on geography; the lower classes were called by the teachers: repetitions in history, grammar, &c.

commenced - commencé, commencer

lower classes - les classes inférieures

Grammar - grammaire

, went on for an hour; writing and arithmetic succeeded, and music lessons were given by Miss Temple to some of the elder girls. The duration of each lesson was measured by the clock, which at last struck twelve. The superintendent rose-

Arithmetic - l'arithmétique, arithmétique, d'arithmétique

duration - durée

measured - mesurée, mesure, mesurer

"I have a word to address to the pupils," said she.

The tumult of cessation from lessons was already breaking forth, but it sank at her voice. She went on-

"You had this morning a breakfast which you could not eat; you must be hungry:-I have ordered that a lunch of bread and cheese shall be served to all."

The teachers looked at her with a sort of surprise.

"It is to be done on my responsibility," she added, in an explanatory tone to them, and immediately afterwards left the room.

explanatory - explicatif

The bread and cheese was presently brought in and distributed, to the high delight and refreshment of the whole school. The order was now given "To the garden!" Each put on a coarse straw bonnet, with strings of coloured calico, and a cloak of grey frieze. I was similarly equipped, and, following the stream, I made my way into the open air.

distributed - distribué, distribuer, répartir

refreshment - un rafraîchissement, rafraîchissement

straw - paille, fétu, jaune paille

calico - calicot, tricolore

cloak - cape, pelisse, pelerine

frieze - frise, congeler

similarly - de la meme maniere

stream - flux, ruisseau, ru, rupt, filet, flot, courant

open air - a l'air libre

The garden was a wide inclosure, surrounded with walls so high as to exclude every glimpse of prospect; a covered verandah ran down one side, and broad walks bordered a middle space divided into scores of little beds: these beds were assigned as gardens for the pupils to cultivate, and each bed had an owner.

inclosure - l'enclavement

Glimpse - aperçu, entrevoir

verandah - véranda

bordered - bordé, frontiere, bord, bordure, délimiter, border

divided - divisé, diviser, fendre, partager

assigned - assigné, désigner, assigner, attribuer

cultivate - cultiver

When full of flowers they would doubtless look pretty; but now, at the latter end of January, all was wintry blight and brown decay. I shuddered as I stood and looked round me: it was an inclement day for outdoor exercise; not positively rainy, but darkened by a drizzling yellow fog; all under foot was still soaking wet with the floods of yesterday.

wintry - hivernal, hibernal

blight - le mildiou, fléau, rouille, cloque, abîmer, abîmé

decay - pourriture, décrépitude, déchéance, pourrir, se désintégrer

shuddered - a tremblé, tremblement, frisson, frissonner, trembler

inclement - intempéries

outdoor - a l'extérieur, de plein air, d’extérieur, en plein air

positively - positivement

rainy - pluvieux

drizzling - des gouttes d'eau, bruiner, pleuvioter, grainasser, mouiller

Fog - le brouillard, masquer, brume, brouillard

soaking - trempage, (soak), tremper, faire tremper, immerger, éponger

floods - inondations, inondation, inonder, submerger, noyer

The stronger among the girls ran about and engaged in active games, but sundry pale and thin ones herded together for shelter and warmth in the verandah; and amongst these, as the dense mist penetrated to their shivering frames, I heard frequently the sound of a hollow cough.

sundry - divers

herded - en troupeau, troupeau

warmth - chaleur

penetrated - pénétré, pénétrer

frames - cadres, encadrer, cadre, armature, ossature

cough - tousser, toux

As yet I had spoken to no one, nor did anybody seem to take notice of me; I stood lonely enough: but to that feeling of isolation I was accustomed; it did not oppress me much.

isolation - l'isolement, isolement, isolation

oppress - opprimer, oppresser

I leant against a pillar of the verandah, drew my grey mantle close about me, and, trying to forget the cold which nipped me without, and the unsatisfied hunger which gnawed me within, delivered myself up to the employment of watching and thinking.

leant - leant, pencher

mantle - manteau, les renes, manchon

unsatisfied - insatisfait

gnawed - rongé, ronger, harceler, préoccuper

delivered - livrée, accoucher, livrer, remettre

employment - l'emploi, emploi, travail

My reflections were too undefined and fragmentary to merit record: I hardly yet knew where I was; Gateshead and my past life seemed floated away to an immeasurable distance; the present was vague and strange, and of the future I could form no conjecture.

undefined - indéfini

merit - mérite, mériter

past life - vie antérieure

floated - flotté, flotter

immeasurable - incommensurable

I looked round the convent-like garden, and then up at the house-a large building, half of which seemed grey and old, the other half quite new. The new part, containing the schoolroom and dormitory, was lit by mullioned and latticed windows, which gave it a church-like aspect; a stone tablet over the door bore this inscription:-

convent - couvent

dormitory - dortoir

mullioned - a meneaux, meneau

latticed - en treillis, treillis, quadrillage, grille, lattis, réseau

inscription - inscription, légende, dédicace

"Lowood Institution.-This portion was rebuilt A.D. ---, by Naomi Brocklehurst, of Brocklehurst Hall, in this county." "Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven."-St. Matt. v. 16.

Institution - l'institution, institution

rebuilt - reconstruit, reconstruire

county - comté

shine - briller, reluisons, reluisez, reluisent, reluire

glorify - glorifier

I read these words over and over again: I felt that an explanation belonged to them, and was unable fully to penetrate their import. I was still pondering the signification of "Institution," and endeavouring to make out a connection between the first words and the verse of Scripture, when the sound of a cough close behind me made me turn my head.

unable - incapable, inapte, inhabile

import - l'importation, implanter, importons, importent, importez

pondering - réfléchir, songer, interroger

signification - signification

connection - connexion, liaison, lien, rapport, complicité, correspondance

I saw a girl sitting on a stone bench near; she was bent over a book, on the perusal of which she seemed intent: from where I stood I could see the title-it was "Rasselas;" a name that struck me as strange, and consequently attractive. In turning a leaf she happened to look up, and I said to her directly-

bent - plié, courba, courbai, courbés, courbé, cambrai

perusal - la lecture, lecture

intent - l'intention, intention, résolu, déterminé, buté

leaf - feuille, rallonge, battant, ouvrant, vantail, feuiller

"Is your book interesting?" I had already formed the intention of asking her to lend it to me some day.

"I like it," she answered, after a pause of a second or two, during which she examined me.

"What is it about?" I continued. I hardly know where I found the hardihood thus to open a conversation with a stranger; the step was contrary to my nature and habits: but I think her occupation touched a chord of sympathy somewhere; for I too liked reading, though of a frivolous and childish kind; I could not digest or comprehend the serious or substantial.

hardihood - hardiesse

chord - accord, corde

sympathy - compassion, sympathie, condoléance

frivolous - frivole

childish - enfantin, puéril, gamin

digest - digérer, digerer, digerez, digerons

comprehend - comprendre

substantial - substantielle, substantiel

"You may look at it," replied the girl, offering me the book.

I did so; a brief examination convinced me that the contents were less taking than the title: "Rasselas" looked dull to my trifling taste; I saw nothing about fairies, nothing about genii; no bright variety seemed spread over the closely-printed pages.

examination - l'examen, examen

Convinced - convaincu, convaincre, persuader

trifling - insignifiant, futile, (trifle), bagatelle, broutille, babiole

fairies - des fées, fée, tapette, folle

genii - genii, génie

I returned it to her; she received it quietly, and without saying anything she was about to relapse into her former studious mood: again I ventured to disturb her-

relapse - rechute, rechuter

former - ancien, ancienne, ci devant

studious - studieux

"Can you tell me what the writing on that stone over the door means? What is Lowood Institution?"

"This house where you are come to live."

"And why do they call it Institution? Is it in any way different from other schools?"

"It is partly a charity-school: you and I, and all the rest of us, are charity-children. I suppose you are an orphan: are not either your father or your mother dead?"

"Both died before I can remember."

"Well, all the girls here have lost either one or both parents, and this is called an institution for educating orphans."

educating - l'éducation, éduquer

Orphans - les orphelins, orphelin, orpheline

"Do we pay no money? Do they keep us for nothing?"

"We pay, or our friends pay, fifteen pounds a year for each."

"Then why do they call us charity-children?"

"Because fifteen pounds is not enough for board and teaching, and the deficiency is supplied by subscription."

deficiency - déficience, carence

subscription - abonnement

"Who subscribes?"

subscribes - s'abonne, abonner, s'abonner, souscrire

"Different benevolent-minded ladies and gentlemen in this neighbourhood and in London."

benevolent - bienveillante, bienveillant

neighbourhood - quartier

"Who was Naomi Brocklehurst?"

"The lady who built the new part of this house as that tablet records, and whose son overlooks and directs everything here."

overlooks - surplombe, vue, panorama, surplomber, négliger, louper


"Because he is treasurer and manager of the establishment."

treasurer - ministre du budget, trésorier, trésoriere

"Then this house does not belong to that tall lady who wears a watch, and who said we were to have some bread and cheese?"

"To Miss Temple? Oh, no! I wish it did: she has to answer to Mr. Brocklehurst for all she does. Mr. Brocklehurst buys all our food and all our clothes."

"Does he live here?"

"No-two miles off, at a large hall."

"Is he a good man?"

"He is a clergyman, and is said to do a great deal of good."

"Did you say that tall lady was called Miss Temple?"


"And what are the other teachers called?"

"The one with red cheeks is called Miss Smith; she attends to the work, and cuts out-for we make our own clothes, our frocks, and pelisses, and everything; the little one with black hair is Miss Scatcherd; she teaches history and grammar, and hears the second class repetitions; and the one who wears a shawl, and has a pocket-handkerchief tied to her side with a yellow ribband, is Madame Pierrot: she comes from Lisle, in France, and teaches French."

Smith - smith, Lefevre, Lefébure, Lefebvre

second class - de deuxieme classe

handkerchief - mouchoir

ribband - ruban

Pierrot - Pierrot

Lisle - lisle

"Do you like the teachers?"

"Well enough."

"Do you like the little black one, and the Madame ---?-I cannot pronounce her name as you do."

"Miss Scatcherd is hasty-you must take care not to offend her; Madame Pierrot is not a bad sort of person."

"But Miss Temple is the best-isn't she?"

"Miss Temple is very good and very clever; she is above the rest, because she knows far more than they do."

"Have you been long here?"

"Two years."

"Are you an orphan?"

"My mother is dead."

"Are you happy here?"

"You ask rather too many questions. I have given you answers enough for the present: now I want to read."

But at that moment the summons sounded for dinner; all re-entered the house. The odour which now filled the refectory was scarcely more appetising than that which had regaled our nostrils at breakfast: the dinner was served in two huge tin-plated vessels, whence rose a strong steam redolent of rancid fat.

summons - convoque, convocation, (summon) convoque

regaled - régalé, royal

tin - l'étain, étain, conserve, boîte de conserve, moule, gamelle

vessels - navires, vaisseau, recipient

whence - pourquoi, d'ou

steam - de la vapeur

redolent - redolent

rancid - rance

I found the mess to consist of indifferent potatoes and strange shreds of rusty meat, mixed and cooked together. Of this preparation a tolerably abundant plateful was apportioned to each pupil. I ate what I could, and wondered within myself whether every day's fare would be like this.

consist - consister, consistons, consistent, consistez

rusty - rubigineux

mixed - mixte, mélanger

tolerably - de maniere tolérable

abundant - abondante

plateful - assiette, assiettée, platée

apportioned - réparti, partager, répartir

wondered - s'est demandé, merveille, étonner

fare - tarif, aller, tarifaire

After dinner, we immediately adjourned to the schoolroom: lessons recommenced, and were continued till five o'clock.

adjourned - ajourné, ajourner, mouvoir

recommenced - repris, recommencer

The only marked event of the afternoon was, that I saw the girl with whom I had conversed in the verandah dismissed in disgrace by Miss Scatcherd from a history class, and sent to stand in the middle of the large schoolroom. The punishment seemed to me in a high degree ignominious, especially for so great a girl-she looked thirteen or upwards.

conversed - conversé, converser

disgrace - la disgrâce, honte, disgrâce, ignominie

ignominious - ignominieux

I expected she would show signs of great distress and shame; but to my surprise she neither wept nor blushed: composed, though grave, she stood, the central mark of all eyes. "How can she bear it so quietly-so firmly?" I asked of myself. "Were I in her place, it seems to me I should wish the earth to open and swallow me up.

my surprise - ma surprise

wept - pleuré, pleurer

blushed - rougi, rougeur

central - central

she bear - qu'elle porte

She looks as if she were thinking of something beyond her punishment-beyond her situation: of something not round her nor before her. I have heard of day-dreams-is she in a day-dream now? Her eyes are fixed on the floor, but I am sure they do not see it-her sight seems turned in, gone down into her heart: she is looking at what she can remember, I believe; not at what is really present.

I wonder what sort of a girl she is-whether good or naughty."

Soon after five p.m. we had another meal, consisting of a small mug of coffee, and half-a-slice of brown bread. I devoured my bread and drank my coffee with relish; but I should have been glad of as much more-I was still hungry. Half-an-hour's recreation succeeded, then study; then the glass of water and the piece of oat-cake, prayers, and bed. Such was my first day at Lowood.

consisting - consistant, consister (en)

slice - tranche, tronçon, trancher, couper en tranches, émincer

brown bread - du pain brun

relish - relish, savourer, parfumer

been glad - été heureux

recreation - récréation, pacification

oat - l'avoine, avoine


The next day commenced as before, getting up and dressing by rushlight; but this morning we were obliged to dispense with the ceremony of washing; the water in the pitchers was frozen.

dispense with - se passer de

ceremony - cérémonie

frozen - gelé, geler

A change had taken place in the weather the preceding evening, and a keen north-east wind, whistling through the crevices of our bedroom windows all night long, had made us shiver in our beds, and turned the contents of the ewers to ice.

preceding - précédent, précéder

keen - enthousiaste, désireux, poivré, vif

whistling - siffler, (whistle), sifflet, sifflement, sifflements

crevices - crevasses, fissure

shiver - frisson, trembler, frissonner

ewers - ewers, pichet, aiguiere, broc, cruche

Before the long hour and a half of prayers and Bible-reading was over, I felt ready to perish with cold. Breakfast-time came at last, and this morning the porridge was not burnt; the quality was eatable, the quantity small. How small my portion seemed! I wished it had been doubled.

perish - périr

eatable - mangeable

In the course of the day I was enrolled a member of the fourth class, and regular tasks and occupations were assigned me: hitherto, I had only been a spectator of the proceedings at Lowood; I was now to become an actor therein.

enrolled - inscrits, inscrire

occupations - professions, occupation

spectator - spectateur, spectatrice, badaud, badaude

Therein - dans

At first, being little accustomed to learn by heart, the lessons appeared to me both long and difficult; the frequent change from task to task, too, bewildered me; and I was glad when, about three o'clock in the afternoon, Miss Smith put into my hands a border of muslin two yards long, together with needle, thimble, &c.

learn by heart - apprendre par cour

border - frontiere, frontiere, bord, bordure, délimiter, border

needle - aiguille, saphir, coudre, taquiner, monter

, and sent me to sit in a quiet corner of the schoolroom, with directions to hem the same.

hem - l'ourlet, ourlet

At that hour most of the others were sewing likewise; but one class still stood round Miss Scatcherd's chair reading, and as all was quiet, the subject of their lessons could be heard, together with the manner in which each girl acquitted herself, and the animadversions or commendations of Miss Scatcherd on the performance.

acquitted - acquittée, innocenter

animadversions - animadversions, reprobation, critique, blâme

performance - exécution, performance, représentation, prestation

It was English history: among the readers I observed my acquaintance of the verandah: at the commencement of the lesson, her place had been at the top of the class, but for some error of pronunciation, or some inattention to stops, she was suddenly sent to the very bottom.

acquaintance - une connaissance, relation

commencement - l'inauguration, commencement, début

pronunciation - la prononciation, prononciation

inattention - l'inattention, inattention, décourtoisie, discourtoisie

Even in that obscure position, Miss Scatcherd continued to make her an object of constant notice: she was continually addressing to her such phrases as the following:-

constant - constant, constante

"Burns" (such it seems was her name: the girls here were all called by their surnames, as boys are elsewhere), "Burns, you are standing on the side of your shoe; turn your toes out immediately." "Burns, you poke your chin most unpleasantly; draw it in." "Burns, I insist on your holding your head up; I will not have you before me in that attitude," &c. &c.

surnames - noms de famille, nom, patronyme, nom de famille

elsewhere - ailleurs

poke - poke, stocker

unpleasantly - désagréable

insist - insister

attitude - posture, état d'esprit, attitude

A chapter having been read through twice, the books were closed and the girls examined. The lesson had comprised part of the reign of Charles I.

read through - lire jusqu'au bout

comprised - compris, contenir, comprendre, etre composé de

reign - regne, regne, régner

Charles - charles

, and there were sundry questions about tonnage and poundage and ship-money, which most of them appeared unable to answer; still, every little difficulty was solved instantly when it reached Burns: her memory seemed to have retained the substance of the whole lesson, and she was ready with answers on every point.

tonnage - tonnage

poundage - le poids

retained - retenue, retenir, conserver, maintenir

substance - substance, fond, biens

I kept expecting that Miss Scatcherd would praise her attention; but, instead of that, she suddenly cried out-

Praise - des louanges, louange, louer, féliciter, prôner, vénérer

"You dirty, disagreeable girl! you have never cleaned your nails this morning!"

nails - clous, ongle

Burns made no answer: I wondered at her silence. "Why," thought I, "does she not explain that she could neither clean her nails nor wash her face, as the water was frozen?"

My attention was now called off by Miss Smith desiring me to hold a skein of thread: while she was winding it, she talked to me from time to time, asking whether I had ever been at school before, whether I could mark, stitch, knit, &c.; till she dismissed me, I could not pursue my observations on Miss Scatcherd's movements.

called off - annulé

desiring - désirant, désirer, désir

skein - écheveau, membrane des oeufs

thread - fil, processus léger, exétron, fil de discussion, filer

winding - bobinage, (wind) bobinage

stitch - point de suture, point, maille

knit - tricot, tricoter, souder, unir, se souder

pursue - poursuivre, rechercher

observations - observations, observation, remarque

When I returned to my seat, that lady was just delivering an order of which I did not catch the import; but Burns immediately left the class, and going into the small inner room where the books were kept, returned in half a minute, carrying in her hand a bundle of twigs tied together at one end.

delivering - livrant, accoucher, livrer, remettre

bundle - bundle, faisceau, fagot, paquet, ballot (of goods)

This ominous tool she presented to Miss Scatcherd with a respectful curtesy; then she quietly, and without being told, unloosed her pinafore, and the teacher instantly and sharply inflicted on her neck a dozen strokes with the bunch of twigs.

ominous - de mauvais augure

respectful - respectueux

curtesy - courtoisie

dozen - douzaine, dizaine

strokes - coups, coup

bunch - bunch, groupe, bouquet, botte, grappe, bande, peloton, tas

Not a tear rose to Burns'eye; and, while I paused from my sewing, because my fingers quivered at this spectacle with a sentiment of unavailing and impotent anger, not a feature of her pensive face altered its ordinary expression.

tear - déchirure, déchirer, fissure, larme, pleur

unavailing - sans succes

pensive - pensif, chagrin, mélancolique

altered - modifié, transformer, changer, altérer

"Hardened girl!" exclaimed Miss Scatcherd; "nothing can correct you of your slatternly habits: carry the rod away."

slatternly - en bavette

rod - tige, canne a peche, verges, bite, paf, pine, queue, vit, zob

Burns obeyed: I looked at her narrowly as she emerged from the book-closet; she was just putting back her handkerchief into her pocket, and the trace of a tear glistened on her thin cheek.

narrowly - de façon étroite, étroitement

emerged - a émergé, émerger, sortir

putting back - a remettre

trace - trace, projection horizontale, décalquer

glistened - a brillé, reluire

The play-hour in the evening I thought the pleasantest fraction of the day at Lowood: the bit of bread, the draught of coffee swallowed at five o'clock had revived vitality, if it had not satisfied hunger: the long restraint of the day was slackened; the schoolroom felt warmer than in the morning-its fires being allowed to burn a little more brightly, to supply, in some measure, the place of candles, not yet introduced: the ruddy gloaming, the licensed uproar, the confusion of many voices gave one a welcome sense of liberty.

pleasantest - le plus agréable, agréable, plaisant

fraction - fraction

swallowed - avalé, avaler

vitality - vitalité

satisfied - satisfaits, satisfaire

restraint - la retenue, contention, frein, retenue

supply - l'approvisionnement, livraison, fournir, pourvoir, provision

measure - mesure, mesurer

gloaming - l'obscurité, crepecrépuscule

licensed - sous licence, licence

uproar - le tumulte, clameur

confusion - confusion, désordre, malentendu

On the evening of the day on which I had seen Miss Scatcherd flog her pupil, Burns, I wandered as usual among the forms and tables and laughing groups without a companion, yet not feeling lonely: when I passed the windows, I now and then lifted a blind, and looked out; it snowed fast, a drift was already forming against the lower panes; putting my ear close to the window, I could distinguish from the gleeful tumult within, the disconsolate moan of the wind outside.

flog - flog, fouetter

companion - compagnon, compagne

drift - dérive, dériver, errer, dévier

distinguish - distinguer

disconsolate - inconsolable

moan - gémissement, se plaindre, geindre, gémir, mugir

Probably, if I had lately left a good home and kind parents, this would have been the hour when I should most keenly have regretted the separation; that wind would then have saddened my heart; this obscure chaos would have disturbed my peace!

lately - dernierement

keenly - vivement

chaos - le chaos, chaos, (chao) le chaos

as it was, I derived from both a strange excitement, and reckless and feverish, I wished the wind to howl more wildly, the gloom to deepen to darkness, and the confusion to rise to clamour.

derived - dérivés, tirer, trouver, déduire, conclure, dériver

reckless - irresponsable, insouciant, téméraire, branque

feverish - fébrile, fiévreux

howl - hurlement, hurler

deepen - approfondir, intensifier, devenir plus profond

jumping over forms, and creeping under tables, I made my way to one of the fire-places; there, kneeling by the high wire fender, I found Burns, absorbed, silent, abstracted from all round her by the companionship of a book, which she read by the dim glare of the embers.

jumping over - en sautant par-dessus

creeping - rampant, ramper, rampement, fatigue, fluage, reptation

kneeling - a genoux, (kneel)

high wire - la corde raide

Fender - fender, aile, garde-boue, défense

absorbed - absorbé, absorber, éponger

abstracted - abstraites, résumé, abstrait

"Is it still 'Rasselas'?" I asked, coming behind her.

"Yes," she said, "and I have just finished it."

And in five minutes more she shut it up. I was glad of this. "Now," thought I, "I can perhaps get her to talk." I sat down by her on the floor.

"What is your name besides Burns?"


Helen - helen, Hélene

"Do you come a long way from here?"

"I come from a place farther north, quite on the borders of Scotland."

Scotland - l'ecosse, Écosse

"Will you ever go back?"

"I hope so; but nobody can be sure of the future."

"You must wish to leave Lowood?"

"No! why should I? I was sent to Lowood to get an education; and it would be of no use going away until I have attained that object."

"But that teacher, Miss Scatcherd, is so cruel to you?"

"Cruel? Not at all! She is severe: she dislikes my faults."

dislikes - n'aime pas, antipathie, ne pas aimer

"And if I were in your place I should dislike her; I should resist her. If she struck me with that rod, I should get it from her hand; I should break it under her nose."

resist - résister

"Probably you would do nothing of the sort: but if you did, Mr. Brocklehurst would expel you from the school; that would be a great grief to your relations. It is far better to endure patiently a smart which nobody feels but yourself, than to commit a hasty action whose evil consequences will extend to all connected with you; and besides, the Bible bids us return good for evil."

expel - expulser, éjecter, déporter

patiently - patiemment

consequences - conséquences, conséquence

extend - étendre, prolonger

bids - offres, faire une enchere (de)

"But then it seems disgraceful to be flogged, and to be sent to stand in the middle of a room full of people; and you are such a great girl: I am far younger than you, and I could not bear it."

disgraceful - honteux

flogged - fouetté, fouetter

"Yet it would be your duty to bear it, if you could not avoid it: it is weak and silly to say you cannot bear what it is your fate to be required to bear."

fate - le destin, destin, destinée, sort

I heard her with wonder: I could not comprehend this doctrine of endurance; and still less could I understand or sympathise with the forbearance she expressed for her chastiser. Still I felt that Helen Burns considered things by a light invisible to my eyes. I suspected she might be right and I wrong; but I would not ponder the matter deeply; like Felix, I put it off to a more convenient season.

doctrine - doctrine

forbearance - l'abstention, longanimité

chastiser - châtiment

suspected - soupçonné, suspecter, soupçonner

ponder - songer, réfléchir, interroger

deeply - profondément

more convenient - plus pratique

"You say you have faults, Helen: what are they? To me you seem very good."

"Then learn from me, not to judge by appearances: I am, as Miss Scatcherd said, slatternly; I seldom put, and never keep, things, in order; I am careless; I forget rules; I read when I should learn my lessons; I have no method; and sometimes I say, like you, I cannot bear to be subjected to systematic arrangements.

systematic - systématique

This is all very provoking to Miss Scatcherd, who is naturally neat, punctual, and particular."

naturally - naturellement

neat - soigné, parure

punctual - ponctuel

"And cross and cruel," I added; but Helen Burns would not admit my addition: she kept silence.

Addition - addition, ajout

"Is Miss Temple as severe to you as Miss Scatcherd?"

At the utterance of Miss Temple's name, a soft smile flitted over her grave face.

flitted - flotté, voltiger, voleter, papillonner, virevolter

"Miss Temple is full of goodness; it pains her to be severe to any one, even the worst in the school: she sees my errors, and tells me of them gently; and, if I do anything worthy of praise, she gives me my meed liberally.

goodness - la bonté, bonté, bonté divine, corbleu, crebleu, jarnibleu

meed - meed

liberally - libéralement

One strong proof of my wretchedly defective nature is, that even her expostulations, so mild, so rational, have not influence to cure me of my faults; and even her praise, though I value it most highly, cannot stimulate me to continued care and foresight."

wretchedly - misérablement

defective - défectueux, défectif

rational - rationnelle, rationnel

cure - guérir, guérissez, guérissent, cicatriser, guérison

value - valeur, évaluer, valoriser

highly - hautement, extremement

stimulate - stimuler

foresight - la prévoyance, clairvoyance, prévoyance, prescience

"That is curious," said I, "it is so easy to be careful."

Curious - vous etes curieux, curieux, intéressant, singulier

"For you I have no doubt it is. I observed you in your class this morning, and saw you were closely attentive: your thoughts never seemed to wander while Miss Miller explained the lesson and questioned you.

attentive - attentif

wander - errer, vaguer, divaguer

Now, mine continually rove away; when I should be listening to Miss Scatcherd, and collecting all she says with assiduity, often I lose the very sound of her voice; I fall into a sort of dream.

rove - rove, érailler, (reeve) rove

assiduity - l'assiduité

Sometimes I think I am in Northumberland, and that the noises I hear round me are the bubbling of a little brook which runs through Deepden, near our house;-then, when it comes to my turn to reply, I have to be awakened; and having heard nothing of what was read for listening to the visionary brook, I have no answer ready."

bubbling - des bulles d'air, bulle, trou, vent, ambiance

brook - ruisseau

awakened - éveillé, réveiller, se réveiller

"Yet how well you replied this afternoon."

"It was mere chance; the subject on which we had been reading had interested me. This afternoon, instead of dreaming of Deepden, I was wondering how a man who wished to do right could act so unjustly and unwisely as Charles the First sometimes did; and I thought what a pity it was that, with his integrity and conscientiousness, he could see no farther than the prerogatives of the crown.

wondering - se demander, (wonder), merveille, conjecturer

unjustly - injustement

unwisely - imprudemment

conscientiousness - la conscience professionnelle, conscienciosité

prerogatives - prérogatives, prérogative

If he had but been able to look to a distance, and see how what they call the spirit of the age was tending! Still, I like Charles-I respect him-I pity him, poor murdered king! Yes, his enemies were the worst: they shed blood they had no right to shed. How dared they kill him!"

respect - respect, respecter

murdered - assassiné, meurtre, homicide, assassinat, occire

enemies - ennemis, ennemi, ennemie

shed blood - verser du sang

Helen was talking to herself now: she had forgotten I could not very well understand her-that I was ignorant, or nearly so, of the subject she discussed. I recalled her to my level.

ignorant - ignorant

recalled - rappelée, rappeler, souvenir

"And when Miss Temple teaches you, do your thoughts wander then?"

"No, certainly, not often; because Miss Temple has generally something to say which is newer than my own reflections; her language is singularly agreeable to me, and the information she communicates is often just what I wished to gain."

singularly - singulierement

gain - gain, gagner, produit

"Well, then, with Miss Temple you are good?"

"Yes, in a passive way: I make no effort; I follow as inclination guides me. There is no merit in such goodness."

passive - passive, passif

"A great deal: you are good to those who are good to you. It is all I ever desire to be. If people were always kind and obedient to those who are cruel and unjust, the wicked people would have it all their own way: they would never feel afraid, and so they would never alter, but would grow worse and worse.

alter - modifier, altérent, altérez, altérer, altérons

When we are struck at without a reason, we should strike back again very hard; I am sure we should-so hard as to teach the person who struck us never to do it again."

strike back - riposter

"You will change your mind, I hope, when you grow older: as yet you are but a little untaught girl."

"But I feel this, Helen; I must dislike those who, whatever I do to please them, persist in disliking me; I must resist those who punish me unjustly. It is as natural as that I should love those who show me affection, or submit to punishment when I feel it is deserved."

persist - persister

disliking - n'aime pas, antipathie, ne pas aimer

resist - résister, s'opposer, rejeter, dégouter, vernis

punish me - me punir

submit - se soumettre

deserved - mérité, mériter

"Heathens and savage tribes hold that doctrine, but Christians and civilised nations disown it."

Heathens - les paiens, paien, paienne, infidele, fraien

tribes - tribus, tribu

Christians - les chrétiens, chrétien, chrétienne, Christian

civilised - civilisé, civiliser

nations - nations, nation

disown - renier

"How? I don't understand."

I don't understand - Je ne comprends pas

"It is not violence that best overcomes hate-nor vengeance that most certainly heals injury."

overcomes - surmonte, vaincre, surmonter, envahir

heals - guérit, guérir, (se) cicatriser

"What then?"

"Read the New Testament, and observe what Christ says, and how He acts; make His word your rule, and His conduct your example."

Testament - testament

observe - observer, remarquer, respecter, garder

"What does He say?"

"Love your enemies; bless them that curse you; do good to them that hate you and despitefully use you."

bless - bénir, bénis, bénissez, bénissent, bénissons

curse - malédiction, maudire, maudisent, maudisons, blasphémer

despitefully - avec méchanceté

"Then I should love Mrs. Reed, which I cannot do; I should bless her son John, which is impossible."

In her turn, Helen Burns asked me to explain, and I proceeded forthwith to pour out, in my own way, the tale of my sufferings and resentments. Bitter and truculent when excited, I spoke as I felt, without reserve or softening.

forthwith - immédiatement, aussitôt, séance tenante, de ce pas

pour out - verser

sufferings - souffrances, souffrance, douleur

resentments - les rancours, ressentiment, agacement, rancune

truculent - truculent

reserve - réservation, réserve, réserves, remplaçant

softening - l'adoucissement, adoucissant, amollissant

Helen heard me patiently to the end: I expected she would then make a remark, but she said nothing.

"Well," I asked impatiently, "is not Mrs. Reed a hard-hearted, bad woman?"

impatiently - avec impatience

"She has been unkind to you, no doubt; because you see, she dislikes your cast of character, as Miss Scatcherd does mine; but how minutely you remember all she has done and said to you! What a singularly deep impression her injustice seems to have made on your heart! No ill-usage so brands its record on my feelings.

unkind - pas aimable, déplaisant

minutely - minutieusement

injustice - l'injustice, injustice

usage - l'utilisation, usage, coutume

brands - marques, tison, marque, style, flétrir, marquer

Would you not be happier if you tried to forget her severity, together with the passionate emotions it excited? Life appears to me too short to be spent in nursing animosity or registering wrongs.

severity - la sévérité, sévérité, gravité

emotions - des émotions, émotion

animosity - l'animosité, animosité

registering - s'inscrire, registre, inscription

We are, and must be, one and all, burdened with faults in this world: but the time will soon come when, I trust, we shall put them off in putting off our corruptible bodies; when debasement and sin will fall from us with this cumbrous frame of flesh, and only the spark of the spirit will remain,-the impalpable principle of light and thought, pure as when it left the Creator to inspire the creature: whence it came it will return; perhaps again to be communicated to some being higher than man-perhaps to pass through gradations of glory, from the pale human soul to brighten to the seraph! Surely it will never, on the contrary, be suffered to degenerate from man to fiend? No; I cannot believe that: I hold another creed: which no one ever taught me, and which I seldom mention; but in which I delight, and to which I cling: for it extends hope to all: it makes Eternity a rest-a mighty home, not a terror and an abyss. Besides, with this creed, I can so clearly distinguish between the criminal and his crime; I can so sincerely forgive the first while I abhor the last: with this creed revenge never worries my heart, degradation never too deeply disgusts me, injustice never crushes me too low: I live in calm, looking to the end."

burdened - accablés, poids écrasant

putting off - a repousser

corruptible - corruptible

debasement - l'avilissement, avilissement

sin - péché, mal

cumbrous - cumbrous

impalpable - impalpable

pure - pure, pur, pudique

creator - créateur, créatrice, rench: t-needed r

inspire - inspirer

creature - créature, etre

glory - gloire

human soul - l'âme humaine

seraph - séraphin

degenerate - dégradé, dégénéré, dépravé, dégénérer

cling - s'accrocher, s'accrocher (a)

extends - s'étend, étendre, prolonger

eternity - l'éternité, éternité

abyss - l'abîme, abîme, précipice, abysse, gouffre

revenge - la vengeance, vengeance, revanche, venger

disgusts - dégoute, dégouter, dégout

crushes - des béguins, barricade, béguin, amourette, faible, coup de cour

Helen's head, always drooping, sank a little lower as she finished this sentence. I saw by her look she wished no longer to talk to me, but rather to converse with her own thoughts. She was not allowed much time for meditation: a monitor, a great rough girl, presently came up, exclaiming in a strong Cumberland accent-

drooping - en train de tomber, tomber, s'affaisser, bec

converse - converser, conversez, conversons, conversent

meditation - méditation

exclaiming - s'exclamer, exclamer

accent - accent, emphase, souligner, accentuer

"Helen Burns, if you don't go and put your drawer in order, and fold up your work this minute, I'll tell Miss Scatcherd to come and look at it!"

fold up - se replier

this minute - a cette minute

Helen sighed as her reverie fled, and getting up, obeyed the monitor without reply as without delay.

reverie - reverie

fled - fui, s'enfuir, prendre la fuite, fuir, échapper

delay - délai, ajourner, décélération, surseoir, retard, retarder


My first quarter at Lowood seemed an age; and not the golden age either; it comprised an irksome struggle with difficulties in habituating myself to new rules and unwonted tasks. The fear of failure in these points harassed me worse than the physical hardships of my lot; though these were no trifles.

Struggle - lutte, lutter, s'efforcer, combattre

difficulties - des difficultés, difficulté

failure - l'échec, échec, daube, flop, panne

hardships - difficultés, difficultés-p, misere

trifles - des broutilles, bagatelle, broutille, babiole, bricole

During January, February, and part of March, the deep snows, and, after their melting, the almost impassable roads, prevented our stirring beyond the garden walls, except to go to church; but within these limits we had to pass an hour every day in the open air.

impassable - impraticable

stirring - l'agitation, passionnant

limits - des limites, limite, limitation

Our clothing was insufficient to protect us from the severe cold: we had no boots, the snow got into our shoes and melted there: our ungloved hands became numbed and covered with chilblains, as were our feet: I remember well the distracting irritation I endured from this cause every evening, when my feet inflamed; and the torture of thrusting the swelled, raw, and stiff toes into my shoes in the morning. Then the scanty supply of food was distressing: with the keen appetites of growing children, we had scarcely sufficient to keep alive a delicate invalid. From this deficiency of nourishment resulted an abuse, which pressed hardly on the younger pupils: whenever the famished great girls had an opportunity, they would coax or menace the little ones out of their portion. Many a time I have shared between two claimants the precious morsel of brown bread distributed at tea-time; and after relinquishing to a third half the contents of my mug of coffee, I have swallowed the remainder with an accompaniment of secret tears, forced from me by the exigency of hunger.

insufficient - insuffisante, insuffisant

melted - fondu, fondre (1), se dissoudre (2)

chilblains - des engelures, engelure

distracting - distrayant, distraire

every evening - tous les soirs

inflamed - enflammée, allumer

torture - la torture, torture, torturer

swelled - gonflé, enfler, gonfler

distressing - pénible, détresse

appetites - appétits, appétit

keep alive - garder en vie

invalid - invalide, périmé

coax - coaxial, amadouer

menace - menace, menacer

claimants - les demandeurs d'asile, prétendant

relinquishing - renoncer, abandonner, lâcher, relâcher, laisser

accompaniment - l'accompagnement, accompagnement

Sundays were dreary days in that wintry season. We had to walk two miles to Brocklebridge Church, where our patron officiated. We set out cold, we arrived at church colder: during the morning service we became almost paralysed.

patron - patron, mécene, client

morning service - service du matin

paralysed - paralysé, paralyser

It was too far to return to dinner, and an allowance of cold meat and bread, in the same penurious proportion observed in our ordinary meals, was served round between the services.

allowance - l'allocation, indemnité, jeu

cold meat - de la viande froide

penurious - pénurique

proportion - proportion

At the close of the afternoon service we returned by an exposed and hilly road, where the bitter winter wind, blowing over a range of snowy summits to the north, almost flayed the skin from our faces.

exposed - exposée, exposer, dénoncer

hilly - vallonné

range - chaîne (de montagnes), cuisiniere, sélection, gamme, champ

summits - sommets, sommet

I can remember Miss Temple walking lightly and rapidly along our drooping line, her plaid cloak, which the frosty wind fluttered, gathered close about her, and encouraging us, by precept and example, to keep up our spirits, and march forward, as she said, "like stalwart soldiers." The other teachers, poor things, were generally themselves too much dejected to attempt the task of cheering others.

lightly - légerement, légerement

plaid - écossais

frosty - froid, gelé, givré, glacial

fluttered - flotté, faséyer, voleter, voltiger, battement

encouraging - encourageant, encourager

precept - précepte

stalwart - robuste, courageux, vaillant, pilier

cheering - des applaudissements, acclamation(s)

How we longed for the light and heat of a blazing fire when we got back! But, to the little ones at least, this was denied: each hearth in the schoolroom was immediately surrounded by a double row of great girls, and behind them the younger children crouched in groups, wrapping their starved arms in their pinafores.

longed for - désiré

blazing - flamboyant, feu, embrasement

Row - rangée, tintamarre, canoter, ramer

crouched - accroupi, s'accroupir

starved - affamés, mourir de faim, crever de faim

A little solace came at tea-time, in the shape of a double ration of bread-a whole, instead of a half, slice-with the delicious addition of a thin scrape of butter: it was the hebdomadal treat to which we all looked forward from Sabbath to Sabbath. I generally contrived to reserve a moiety of this bounteous repast for myself; but the remainder I was invariably obliged to part with.

solace - consolation, réconfort, soulager, consoler

ration - ration, rationner

scrape - gratter, racler, effleurer

Sabbath - le sabbat, sabbat, shabbat, chabbat, dimanche, esba

moiety - ?, groupement

bounteous - généreux

invariably - invariablement

The Sunday evening was spent in repeating, by heart, the Church Catechism, and the fifth, sixth, and seventh chapters of St. Matthew; and in listening to a long sermon, read by Miss Miller, whose irrepressible yawns attested her weariness.

by heart - par cour

catechism - catéchisme

sixth - sixieme, sixieme ('before the noun'), ('in names of monarchs and popes') six ('after the name') ('abbreviation' VI)

Matthew - matthew, Matthieu, Mathieu

sermon - sermon

irrepressible - irrépressible

yawns - bâillements, bâiller, béer, bâillement

attested - attestée, attester

A frequent interlude of these performances was the enactment of the part of Eutychus by some half-dozen of little girls, who, overpowered with sleep, would fall down, if not out of the third loft, yet off the fourth form, and be taken up half dead. The remedy was, to thrust them forward into the centre of the schoolroom, and oblige them to stand there till the sermon was finished.

interlude - interlude

performances - performances, exécution, performance

loft - loft, grenier

oblige - imposer, obliger, etre redevable a

Sometimes their feet failed them, and they sank together in a heap; they were then propped up with the monitors'high stools.

heap - tas, pile, monceau

propped - étayé, support

stools - tabourets, tabouret

I have not yet alluded to the visits of Mr. Brocklehurst; and indeed that gentleman was from home during the greater part of the first month after my arrival; perhaps prolonging his stay with his friend the archdeacon: his absence was a relief to me. I need not say that I had my own reasons for dreading his coming: but come he did at last.

arrival - arrivée, arrivant, arrivante

prolonging - prolonger

absence - absence, manque, absence du fer

One afternoon (I had then been three weeks at Lowood), as I was sitting with a slate in my hand, puzzling over a sum in long division, my eyes, raised in abstraction to the window, caught sight of a figure just passing: I recognised almost instinctively that gaunt outline; and when, two minutes after, all the school, teachers included, rose en masse, it was not necessary for me to look up in order to ascertain whose entrance they thus greeted. A long stride measured the schoolroom, and presently beside Miss Temple, who herself had risen, stood the same black column which had frowned on me so ominously from the hearthrug of Gateshead. I now glanced sideways at this piece of architecture. Yes, I was right: it was Mr. Brocklehurst, buttoned up in a surtout, and looking longer, narrower, and more rigid than ever.

en - en

slate - l'ardoise, schisteux, ardoise

sum - somme

Division - la division, division

abstraction - l'abstraction, abstraction

outline - les grandes lignes, contour, silhouette, esquisse, aperçu

masse - Masse, Massé

ascertain - vérification, constater, définir

stride - foulée, marcher a grands pas

frowned - froncé les sourcils, froncer les sourcils

ominously - de mauvais augure

Hearthrug - faux-fuyant, tapis du foyer

buttoned up - boutonné

surtout - surtout

rigid - rigide

I had my own reasons for being dismayed at this apparition; too well I remembered the perfidious hints given by Mrs. Reed about my disposition, &c.; the promise pledged by Mr. Brocklehurst to apprise Miss Temple and the teachers of my vicious nature.

apparition - apparition

perfidious - perfide

pledged - promis, promettre, mettre en gage, serment, gage

apprise - s'appreter

vicious - rench: t-needed r, vicieux

All along I had been dreading the fulfilment of this promise,-I had been looking out daily for the "Coming Man," whose information respecting my past life and conversation was to brand me as a bad child for ever: now there he was.

fulfilment - l'accomplissement, satisfaction

He stood at Miss Temple's side; he was speaking low in her ear: I did not doubt he was making disclosures of my villainy; and I watched her eye with painful anxiety, expecting every moment to see its dark orb turn on me a glance of repugnance and contempt.

disclosures - les divulgations, révélation, divulgation, propagation

villainy - méchanceté

anxiety - l'anxiété, anxiété, inquiétude, angoisse

orb - globuleux

repugnance - répugnance

I listened too; and as I happened to be seated quite at the top of the room, I caught most of what he said: its import relieved me from immediate apprehension.

immediate - immédiate, immédiat, proche

"I suppose, Miss Temple, the thread I bought at Lowton will do; it struck me that it would be just of the quality for the calico chemises, and I sorted the needles to match.

chemises - des chemises, chemise de nuit, nuisette

needles - aiguilles, aiguille, saphir, coudre

You may tell Miss Smith that I forgot to make a memorandum of the darning needles, but she shall have some papers sent in next week; and she is not, on any account, to give out more than one at a time to each pupil: if they have more, they are apt to be careless and lose them. And, O ma'am! I wish the woollen stockings were better looked to!

memorandum - mémorandum

darning needles - des aiguilles a repriser

apt - apt, doué

-when I was here last, I went into the kitchen-garden and examined the clothes drying on the line; there was a quantity of black hose in a very bad state of repair: from the size of the holes in them I was sure they had not been well mended from time to time."

kitchen-garden - (kitchen-garden) le potager

hose - tuyau

mended - réparé, réparer, raccommoder, rapiécer, s'améliorer

He paused.

"Your directions shall be attended to, sir," said Miss Temple.

"And, ma'am," he continued, "the laundress tells me some of the girls have two clean tuckers in the week: it is too much; the rules limit them to one."

laundress - blanchisseuse

limit - limite, circonscrivez, limitons, circonscrivons, limitez

"I think I can explain that circumstance, sir. Agnes and Catherine Johnstone were invited to take tea with some friends at Lowton last Thursday, and I gave them leave to put on clean tuckers for the occasion."

Catherine - catherine

Mr. Brocklehurst nodded.

"Well, for once it may pass; but please not to let the circumstance occur too often. And there is another thing which surprised me; I find, in settling accounts with the housekeeper, that a lunch, consisting of bread and cheese, has twice been served out to the girls during the past fortnight. How is this? I looked over the regulations, and I find no such meal as lunch mentioned.

settling - la décantation, sédimentation

fortnight - quinze jours, deux semaines, quinzaine

regulations - des reglements, reglement, réglementation

Who introduced this innovation? and by what authority?"

innovation - l'innovation, innovation

"I must be responsible for the circumstance, sir," replied Miss Temple: "the breakfast was so ill prepared that the pupils could not possibly eat it; and I dared not allow them to remain fasting till dinner-time."

responsible - responsable

"Madam, allow me an instant. You are aware that my plan in bringing up these girls is, not to accustom them to habits of luxury and indulgence, but to render them hardy, patient, self-denying.

instant - instantanée, moment

accustom - d'accoutumance, accoutumer

luxury - le luxe, luxe

indulgence - indulgence

render - l'équarrissage, rendre

denying - refusant, nier, démentir, refuser

Should any little accidental disappointment of the appetite occur, such as the spoiling of a meal, the under or the over dressing of a dish, the incident ought not to be neutralised by replacing with something more delicate the comfort lost, thus pampering the body and obviating the aim of this institution; it ought to be improved to the spiritual edification of the pupils, by encouraging them to evince fortitude under temporary privation. A brief address on those occasions would not be mistimed, wherein a judicious instructor would take the opportunity of referring to the sufferings of the primitive Christians; to the torments of martyrs; to the exhortations of our blessed Lord Himself, calling upon His disciples to take up their cross and follow Him; to His warnings that man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God; to His divine consolations, "If ye suffer hunger or thirst for My sake, happy are ye." Oh, madam, when you put bread and cheese, instead of burnt porridge, into these children's mouths, you may indeed feed their vile bodies, but you little think how you starve their immortal souls!"

accidental - accidentelle, accidentel, altération

disappointment - déception

spoiling - gâcher, gâter, tourner, dévoiler, révéler

more delicate - plus délicate

pampering - le chouchoutage, choyer, dorloter

obviating - obvier, rendre superflu, éviter

aim - objectif, visez, dgssein, mire, visons, but, peiner, visent

spiritual - spirituel

edification - l'édification, édification

evince - evince, montrer, prouver

fortitude - la force d'âme, fortitude

temporary - temporaire, provisoire, intérimaire

privation - privation

occasions - occasions, occasion

wherein - ou

primitive - primitif, primitive

torments - tourments, tourment, tourmenter

martyrs - martyrs, martyr, martyre, chahîd, chahid

exhortations - des exhortations, exhortation

blessed - bienheureux, béni, (bless)

Lord - châtelain, seigneur, monsieur

disciples - disciples, disciple

proceedeth - procede

consolations - des consolations, consoler, consolation

ye - ou, lequel

thirst - soif, avoir soif, désirer

sake - du saké, dans l'intéret de qqn

vile - vil

starve - mourir de faim, crever de faim, crever la dalle, affamer

immortal - immortel, inoubliable

souls - âmes, âme

Mr. Brocklehurst again paused-perhaps overcome by his feelings.

overcome - vaincre, surmonter, envahir

Miss Temple had looked down when he first began to speak to her; but she now gazed straight before her, and her face, naturally pale as marble, appeared to be assuming also the coldness and fixity of that material; especially her mouth, closed as if it would have required a sculptor's chisel to open it, and her brow settled gradually into petrified severity.

assuming - en supposant, assumant, (assume), supposer, présupposer

coldness - froideur, froid

fixity - fixité

sculptor - sculpteur

chisel - ciseau, ciseler, buriner

brow - sourcils, andouiller d'oil, maître andouiller

gradually - progressivement

Meantime, Mr. Brocklehurst, standing on the hearth with his hands behind his back, majestically surveyed the whole school. Suddenly his eye gave a blink, as if it had met something that either dazzled or shocked its pupil; turning, he said in more rapid accents than he had hitherto used-

majestically - majestueusement

blink - ciller, cligner des yeux, clignoter, faire un appel de phares

dazzled - éblouie, éblouir

shocked - choqué, choc

accents - des accents, accent

"Miss Temple, Miss Temple, what-what is that girl with curled hair? Red hair, ma'am, curled-curled all over?" And extending his cane he pointed to the awful object, his hand shaking as he did so.

curled - frisé, boucle, rotationnel, boucler

extending - s'étendant, étendre, prolonger

cane - canne, tige, bastonnade, canne blanche, bâtonner

"It is Julia Severn," replied Miss Temple, very quietly.

"Julia Severn, ma'am! And why has she, or any other, curled hair? Why, in defiance of every precept and principle of this house, does she conform to the world so openly-here in an evangelical, charitable establishment-as to wear her hair one mass of curls?"

defiance - défiance, défi

conform - conforme, s'aligner, se conformer (a)

openly - ouvertement

evangelical - évangélique

charitable - charitable

mass - masse, foule, amas

"Julia's hair curls naturally," returned Miss Temple, still more quietly.

"Naturally! Yes, but we are not to conform to nature; I wish these girls to be the children of Grace: and why that abundance? I have again and again intimated that I desire the hair to be arranged closely, modestly, plainly.

abundance - l'abondance, abondance

modestly - modestement

Miss Temple, that girl's hair must be cut off entirely; I will send a barber to-morrow: and I see others who have far too much of the excrescence-that tall girl, tell her to turn round. Tell all the first form to rise up and direct their faces to the wall."

entirely - entierement, entierement, entierement (1)

barber - coiffeur, coiffeuse, barbier

excrescence - exces, excroissance

turn round - faire demi-tour

Miss Temple passed her handkerchief over her lips, as if to smooth away the involuntary smile that curled them; she gave the order, however, and when the first class could take in what was required of them, they obeyed. Leaning a little back on my bench, I could see the looks and grimaces with which they commented on this manoeuvre: it was a pity Mr.

involuntary - involontaire

grimaces - des grimaces, grimace, grimacer, faire des grimaces

manoeuvre - manouvre, manoeuvrer

Brocklehurst could not see them too; he would perhaps have felt that, whatever he might do with the outside of the cup and platter, the inside was further beyond his interference than he imagined.

platter - plateau, met

interference - l'interférence, ingérence, interférence

He scrutinised the reverse of these living medals some five minutes, then pronounced sentence. These words fell like the knell of doom-

reverse - inverser, verso, inverse

medals - des médailles, médaille

knell - s'écrie-t-il, sonner le glas, glas

doom - doom, mort, ruine, perte, condamner

"All those top-knots must be cut off."

Miss Temple seemed to remonstrate.

"Madam," he pursued, "I have a Master to serve whose kingdom is not of this world: my mission is to mortify in these girls the lusts of the flesh; to teach them to clothe themselves with shame-facedness and sobriety, not with braided hair and costly apparel; and each of the young persons before us has a string of hair twisted in plaits which vanity itself might have woven; these, I repeat, must be cut off; think of the time wasted, of-"

Kingdom - royaume, regne

mission - mission

mortify - mortifier, macérer, tuer

lusts - des désirs, luxure, concupiscence, convoitise, joie, désirer

facedness - la face

sobriety - la sobriété, sobriété

braided - tressé, tresser

costly - couteux, couteux, lourd

apparel - vetements, veture

string - corde, suite, série, chaîne de caracteres, cordes, cannabis

plaits - tresses, pli

vanity - la vanité, vanité

woven - tissé, (weave)

wasted - gaspillé, gaspiller

Mr. Brocklehurst was here interrupted: three other visitors, ladies, now entered the room. They ought to have come a little sooner to have heard his lecture on dress, for they were splendidly attired in velvet, silk, and furs.

interrupted - interrompu, interrompre, couper

lecture on - Lecture sur

splendidly - magnifiquement

attired in - habiller

furs - fourrures, poil, pelage

The two younger of the trio (fine girls of sixteen and seventeen) had grey beaver hats, then in fashion, shaded with ostrich plumes, and from under the brim of this graceful head-dress fell a profusion of light tresses, elaborately curled; the elder lady was enveloped in a costly velvet shawl, trimmed with ermine, and she wore a false front of French curls.

trio - trio

beaver - castor

shaded - ombragée, alose

ostrich - autruche

plumes - les panaches, plume(t)

brim - bord

graceful - gracieux

tresses - tresses, tresse

enveloped - enveloppé, enveloppe

trimmed - rognée, tailler, compenser, compensation, compensateur, assiette

ermine - l'hermine, hermine

These ladies were deferentially received by Miss Temple, as Mrs. and the Misses Brocklehurst, and conducted to seats of honour at the top of the room. It seems they had come in the carriage with their reverend relative, and had been conducting a rummaging scrutiny of the room upstairs, while he transacted business with the housekeeper, questioned the laundress, and lectured the superintendent.

deferentially - avec déférence

conducted - conduite, comportement, se comporter, conduire, mener

Reverend - révérend

relative - relative, relatif, parent, géniteur, génitrice

conducting - la conduite, comportement, conduite, se comporter, conduire

rummaging - fouiller

transacted - transacté, traiter

They now proceeded to address divers remarks and reproofs to Miss Smith, who was charged with the care of the linen and the inspection of the dormitories: but I had no time to listen to what they said; other matters called off and enchanted my attention.

remarks - remarques, remarque

reproofs - des reproches, réprimande, reproche

linen - le linge, toile, lin, linge

inspection - l'inspection, inspection, rench: t-needed r

dormitories - dortoirs, dortoir, qualifier

enchanted - enchantée, enchanter

Hitherto, while gathering up the discourse of Mr. Brocklehurst and Miss Temple, I had not, at the same time, neglected precautions to secure my personal safety; which I thought would be effected, if I could only elude observation.

neglected - négligé, négliger, négligence

precautions - des précautions, précaution

safety - la sécurité, sécurité, sureté

elude - éluder

To this end, I had sat well back on the form, and while seeming to be busy with my sum, had held my slate in such a manner as to conceal my face: I might have escaped notice, had not my treacherous slate somehow happened to slip from my hand, and falling with an obtrusive crash, directly drawn every eye upon me; I knew it was all over now, and, as I stooped to pick up the two fragments of slate, I rallied my forces for the worst. It came.

be busy - etre occupé

conceal - dissimuler, cacher

treacherous - perfide

slip - glisser, fiche, lapsus, patiner

obtrusive - genante

crash - crash, fracas

forces - forces, force

"A careless girl!" said Mr. Brocklehurst, and immediately after-"It is the new pupil, I perceive." And before I could draw breath, "I must not forget I have a word to say respecting her." Then aloud: how loud it seemed to me! "Let the child who broke her slate come forward!"

perceive - percevoir

Of my own accord I could not have stirred; I was paralysed: but the two great girls who sit on each side of me, set me on my legs and pushed me towards the dread judge, and then Miss Temple gently assisted me to his very feet, and I caught her whispered counsel-

accord - accord, entente, accorder

assisted - assistée, assister, aider, passe décisive

"Don't be afraid, Jane, I saw it was an accident; you shall not be punished."

The kind whisper went to my heart like a dagger.

whisper - chuchotement, chuchoter, susurrer, murmurer

dagger - poignard, surin

"Another minute, and she will despise me for a hypocrite," thought I; and an impulse of fury against Reed, Brocklehurst, and Co. bounded in my pulses at the conviction. I was no Helen Burns.

despise - mépriser, dédaigner

hypocrite - hypocrite, pharisien, pharisienne, tartufe

"Fetch that stool," said Mr. Brocklehurst, pointing to a very high one from which a monitor had just risen: it was brought.

"Place the child upon it."

And I was placed there, by whom I don't know: I was in no condition to note particulars; I was only aware that they had hoisted me up to the height of Mr. Brocklehurst's nose, that he was within a yard of me, and that a spread of shot orange and purple silk pelisses and a cloud of silvery plumage extended and waved below me.

shot - tir, tirai, tiré, tirâmes, tirerent, tira

silvery - argenté, argentin

extended - étendu, étendre, prolonger

Mr. Brocklehurst hemmed.

hemmed - ourlé, ourlet

"Ladies," said he, turning to his family, "Miss Temple, teachers, and children, you all see this girl?"

Of course they did; for I felt their eyes directed like burning-glasses against my scorched skin.

scorched - brulé, roussir, bruler

"You see she is yet young; you observe she possesses the ordinary form of childhood; God has graciously given her the shape that He has given to all of us; no signal deformity points her out as a marked character. Who would think that the Evil One had already found a servant and agent in her? Yet such, I grieve to say, is the case."

possesses - possede, posséder, s'emparer de

childhood - l'enfance, enfance

graciously - gracieusement

deformity - difformité, déformité

agent - agent, espion, complément d'agent

grieve - faire son deuil, chagriner, affliger, affligeons, affligent

A pause-in which I began to steady the palsy of my nerves, and to feel that the Rubicon was passed; and that the trial, no longer to be shirked, must be firmly sustained.

steady - stable, lisse, régulier

palsy - paralysie

Rubicon - Rubicon

trial - proces, manipulation

shirked - s'est dérobé, se dérober a

sustained - soutenue, maintenir, subvenir

"My dear children," pursued the black marble clergyman, with pathos, "this is a sad, a melancholy occasion; for it becomes my duty to warn you, that this girl, who might be one of God's own lambs, is a little castaway: not a member of the true flock, but evidently an interloper and an alien.

pathos - pathos, pathétique

warn - avertir, alerter, prévenir

lambs - agneaux, agneau, agnelle, mettre bas

castaway - naufragé

flock - troupeau

You must be on your guard against her; you must shun her example; if necessary, avoid her company, exclude her from your sports, and shut her out from your converse.

shun - shun, éviter, rejeter, fuir, esquiver

Teachers, you must watch her: keep your eyes on her movements, weigh well her words, scrutinise her actions, punish her body to save her soul: if, indeed, such salvation be possible, for (my tongue falters while I tell it) this girl, this child, the native of a Christian land, worse than many a little heathen who says its prayers to Brahma and kneels before Juggernaut-this girl is-a liar!"

weigh - peser, lever l’ancre

Salvation - le salut, salut

falters - faiblit, vaciller

native - maternel, autochtone, indigene, natif, endémique

heathen - paien, paien, paienne, infidele, checkpaien

Brahma - brahma, Brahmâ

kneels - s'agenouille, agenouiller

Juggernaut - juggernaut, rouleau compresseur

Now came a pause of ten minutes, during which I, by this time in perfect possession of my wits, observed all the female Brocklehursts produce their pocket-handkerchiefs and apply them to their optics, while the elderly lady swayed herself to and fro, and the two younger ones whispered, "How shocking!" Mr. Brocklehurst resumed.

handkerchiefs - des mouchoirs, mouchoir

swayed - balancés, autorité, poids, influence, prépondérance, balancer

"This I learned from her benefactress; from the pious and charitable lady who adopted her in her orphan state, reared her as her own daughter, and whose kindness, whose generosity the unhappy girl repaid by an ingratitude so bad, so dreadful, that at last her excellent patroness was obliged to separate her from her own young ones, fearful lest her vicious example should contaminate their purity: she has sent her here to be healed, even as the Jews of old sent their diseased to the troubled pool of Bethesda; and, teachers, superintendent, I beg of you not to allow the waters to stagnate round her."

pious - pieux

generosity - la générosité, générosité, bonté

ingratitude - l'ingratitude, ingratitude

patroness - patronne, dame patronesse

contaminate - contaminer, salir

purity - la pureté, pureté

healed - guéri, guérir, (se) cicatriser

Jews - les juifs, juif, juive

Bethesda - bethesda

stagnate - stagner

With this sublime conclusion, Mr. Brocklehurst adjusted the top button of his surtout, muttered something to his family, who rose, bowed to Miss Temple, and then all the great people sailed in state from the room. Turning at the door, my judge said-

sublime - sublime, auguste

adjusted - ajustée, ajuster

muttered - marmonné, marmonner

bowed - incliné, (s')incliner devant, saluer d'un signe de tete

"Let her stand half-an-hour longer on that stool, and let no one speak to her during the remainder of the day."

There was I, then, mounted aloft; I, who had said I could not bear the shame of standing on my natural feet in the middle of the room, was now exposed to general view on a pedestal of infamy. What my sensations were no language can describe; but just as they all rose, stifling my breath and constricting my throat, a girl came up and passed me: in passing, she lifted her eyes.

aloft - en altitude, en haut, en l'air

general view - vue d'ensemble

pedestal - piédestal

infamy - l'infamie, infamie

stifling - étouffant, (stifle)

What a strange light inspired them! What an extraordinary sensation that ray sent through me! How the new feeling bore me up! It was as if a martyr, a hero, had passed a slave or victim, and imparted strength in the transit. I mastered the rising hysteria, lifted up my head, and took a firm stand on the stool.

extraordinary - extraordinaire

martyr - martyr, martyre, chahîd, chahid

victim - victime

imparted - transmis, donner, communiquer, transmettre

Transit - transit, transiter

mastered - maîtrisée, maître/-tresse

hysteria - l'hystérie, hystérie

Helen Burns asked some slight question about her work of Miss Smith, was chidden for the triviality of the inquiry, returned to her place, and smiled at me as she again went by. What a smile!

Slight - insignifiant, léger

inquiry - demande, enquete

I remember it now, and I know that it was the effluence of fine intellect, of true courage; it lit up her marked lineaments, her thin face, her sunken grey eye, like a reflection from the aspect of an angel.

effluence - effluents, effluence

Yet at that moment Helen Burns wore on her arm "the untidy badge;" scarcely an hour ago I had heard her condemned by Miss Scatcherd to a dinner of bread and water on the morrow because she had blotted an exercise in copying it out. Such is the imperfect nature of man!

wore on - a porté

untidy - débraillé, négligé, désordonné, bordélique

badge - badge, plaque, insigne, décoration, macaron, porte-nom

blotted - éponge, tache, (ink) pâté, souillure, tacher

such spots are there on the disc of the clearest planet; and eyes like Miss Scatcherd's can only see those minute defects, and are blind to the full brightness of the orb.

spots - taches, tache, bouton, peu, endroit, zone, détecter, trouver

disc - disque, plaque

defects - défauts, défaut, déserter, passer a, rench: -neededr

brightness - brillance, luminosité, intelligence


Ere the half-hour ended, five o'clock struck; school was dismissed, and all were gone into the refectory to tea. I now ventured to descend: it was deep dusk; I retired into a corner and sat down on the floor. The spell by which I had been so far supported began to dissolve; reaction took place, and soon, so overwhelming was the grief that seized me, I sank prostrate with my face to the ground.

dissolve - se dissoudre, dissoudre, checkrompre, checkannuler

overwhelming - écrasante, abreuver, accabler, envahir

seized - saisi, saisir

prostrate - prostrée, prosterner

Now I wept: Helen Burns was not here; nothing sustained me; left to myself I abandoned myself, and my tears watered the boards. I had meant to be so good, and to do so much at Lowood: to make so many friends, to earn respect and win affection.

Already I had made visible progress: that very morning I had reached the head of my class; Miss Miller had praised me warmly; Miss Temple had smiled approbation; she had promised to teach me drawing, and to let me learn French, if I continued to make similar improvement two months longer: and then I was well received by my fellow-pupils; treated as an equal by those of my own age, and not molested by any; now, here I lay again crushed and trodden on; and could I ever rise more?

Praised - loué, louange, louer, féliciter, prôner, vénérer

warmly - chaleureusement, chaudement

approbation - approbation

improvement - l'amélioration, amélioration

Equal - l'égalité, égal, égaler a, égale

molested - molesté, embeter, violer, abuser

crushed - écrasé, barricade, béguin, amourette, faible, coup de cour

"Never," I thought; and ardently I wished to die. While sobbing out this wish in broken accents, some one approached: I started up-again Helen Burns was near me; the fading fires just showed her coming up the long, vacant room; she brought my coffee and bread.

ardently - généreuxse, véhément

sobbing - sanglots, sanglotement, sanglotant, sanglotante, (sob), fdp

approached - approché, (s')approcher (de)

fading - s'estomper, déteignant, (fad), mode, lubie

"Come, eat something," she said; but I put both away from me, feeling as if a drop or a crumb would have choked me in my present condition. Helen regarded me, probably with surprise: I could not now abate my agitation, though I tried hard; I continued to weep aloud.

crumb - miette, mie, paner

choked - étouffé, suffoquer, étouffer

regarded - considérée, considérer

abate - réduire, alléger, amoindrir

weep - pleurer, pleurez, pleurons, pleurent

She sat down on the ground near me, embraced her knees with her arms, and rested her head upon them; in that attitude she remained silent as an Indian. I was the first who spoke-

remained - est restée, reste, rester, demeurer

Indian - indien, amérindien, Indienne

"Helen, why do you stay with a girl whom everybody believes to be a liar?"

"Everybody, Jane? Why, there are only eighty people who have heard you called so, and the world contains hundreds of millions."

"But what have I to do with millions? The eighty, I know, despise me."

"Jane, you are mistaken: probably not one in the school either despises or dislikes you: many, I am sure, pity you much."

despises - méprise, mépriser, dédaigner

"How can they pity me after what Mr. Brocklehurst has said?"

"Mr. Brocklehurst is not a god: nor is he even a great and admired man: he is little liked here; he never took steps to make himself liked. Had he treated you as an especial favourite, you would have found enemies, declared or covert, all around you; as it is, the greater number would offer you sympathy if they dared.

covert - secrete, secret, clandestin

Teachers and pupils may look coldly on you for a day or two, but friendly feelings are concealed in their hearts; and if you persevere in doing well, these feelings will ere long appear so much the more evidently for their temporary suppression. Besides, Jane"-she paused.

coldly - froidement

concealed - dissimulée, dissimuler, cacher

persevere - persévérer

"Well, Helen?" said I, putting my hand into hers: she chafed my fingers gently to warm them, and went on-

chafed - par frottement, chauffer en frictionnant, inflammation

"If all the world hated you, and believed you wicked, while your own conscience approved you, and absolved you from guilt, you would not be without friends."

conscience - conscience

absolved - absous, absoudre

guilt - culpabilité

"No; I know I should think well of myself; but that is not enough: if others don't love me I would rather die than live-I cannot bear to be solitary and hated, Helen.

look here; to gain some real affection from you, or Miss Temple, or any other whom I truly love, I would willingly submit to have the bone of my arm broken, or to let a bull toss me, or to stand behind a kicking horse, and let it dash its hoof at my chest-"

look here - regarder ici

submit - se soumettre, soumettre, présenter, gagner par soumission

Bull - le taureau, taureau

toss - de la balle, jet, au pile ou face, tirage au sort, lancer

kicking - coups de pied, donner un coup de pied (a, dans)

Dash - dash, tiret, trait, ta, sprint, soupçon, se précipiter

hoof - sabot

chest - poitrine, sein, commode, coffre

"Hush, Jane! you think too much of the love of human beings; you are too impulsive, too vehement; the sovereign hand that created your frame, and put life into it, has provided you with other resources than your feeble self, or than creatures feeble as you.

Hush - chut !, silence

impulsive - impulsif

sovereign - souveraine, souverain

resources - ressources, ressource(s)

feeble - faible

creatures - créatures, créature, etre

Besides this earth, and besides the race of men, there is an invisible world and a kingdom of spirits: that world is round us, for it is everywhere; and those spirits watch us, for they are commissioned to guard us; and if we were dying in pain and shame, if scorn smote us on all sides, and hatred crushed us, angels see our tortures, recognise our innocence (if innocent we be: as I know you are of this charge which Mr. Brocklehurst has weakly and pompously repeated at second-hand from Mrs. Reed; for I read a sincere nature in your ardent eyes and on your clear front), and God waits only the separation of spirit from flesh to crown us with a full reward. Why, then, should we ever sink overwhelmed with distress, when life is so soon over, and death is so certain an entrance to happiness-to glory?"

commissioned - commissionné, commission, fr

smote - smote, frapper

hatred - la haine, haine

tortures - tortures, torture, torturer

recognise - reconnaître

innocence - l'innocence, innocence, candeur

innocent - innocent

weakly - souffreteuxse

pompously - pompeusement

second-hand - (second-hand) de seconde main

sincere - sincere, sincere

ardent - ardent, gloss

Reward - récompense, récompenser

sink - couler, s'enfoncer, évier, lavabo

overwhelmed - débordé, abreuver, accabler, envahir

Happiness - le bonheur, bonheur

I was silent; Helen had calmed me; but in the tranquillity she imparted there was an alloy of inexpressible sadness. I felt the impression of woe as she spoke, but I could not tell whence it came; and when, having done speaking, she breathed a little fast and coughed a short cough, I momentarily forgot my own sorrows to yield to a vague concern for her.

calmed - calmé, calme, tranquille, calme plat, calmer

tranquillity - la tranquillité, tranquillité

alloy - l'alliage, alliage

woe - tristesse, douleur, misere, malheur, hélas

breathed - respiré, respiration, souffle, haleine

coughed - a toussé, tousser, toux

momentarily - momentanément

sorrows - chagrins, peine, chagrin

yield - le rendement, rends, produit, rendement, rendons, rendent

concern - inquiétude, souci, soin, préoccupation, concerner

Resting my head on Helen's shoulder, I put my arms round her waist; she drew me to her, and we reposed in silence. We had not sat long thus, when another person came in. Some heavy clouds, swept from the sky by a rising wind, had left the moon bare; and her light, streaming in through a window near, shone full both on us and on the approaching figure, which we at once recognised as Miss Temple.

waist - taille, ceinture

reposed - reposé, repos

bare - a nu, dénudé, dégarnir, nu

streaming - streaming, (stream), ruisseau, ru, rupt, filet, flot, courant

"I came on purpose to find you, Jane Eyre," said she; "I want you in my room; and as Helen Burns is with you, she may come too."

We went; following the superintendent's guidance, we had to thread some intricate passages, and mount a staircase before we reached her apartment; it contained a good fire, and looked cheerful. Miss Temple told Helen Burns to be seated in a low arm-chair on one side of the hearth, and herself taking another, she called me to her side.

guidance - d'orientation, guidage, conseils, direction

intricate - complexe

mount - monter, montent, montez, montons

"Is it all over?" she asked, looking down at my face. "Have you cried your grief away?"

"I am afraid I never shall do that."


"Because I have been wrongly accused; and you, ma'am, and everybody else, will now think me wicked."

wrongly - a tort, a tort, erronément

"We shall think you what you prove yourself to be, my child. Continue to act as a good girl, and you will satisfy us."

Prove - prouver, éprouvent, éprouvons, éprouvez, prouvent

satisfy - satisfaire

"Shall I, Miss Temple?"

"You will," said she, passing her arm round me. "And now tell me who is the lady whom Mr. Brocklehurst called your benefactress?"

"Mrs. Reed, my uncle's wife. My uncle is dead, and he left me to her care."

"Did she not, then, adopt you of her own accord?"

"No, ma'am; she was sorry to have to do it: but my uncle, as I have often heard the servants say, got her to promise before he died that she would always keep me."

"Well now, Jane, you know, or at least I will tell you, that when a criminal is accused, he is always allowed to speak in his own defence. You have been charged with falsehood; defend yourself to me as well as you can. Say whatever your memory suggests is true; but add nothing and exaggerate nothing."

defence - la défense, défense

defend - défendre

exaggerate - exagérer, outrer

I resolved, in the depth of my heart, that I would be most moderate-most correct; and, having reflected a few minutes in order to arrange coherently what I had to say, I told her all the story of my sad childhood.

moderate - modéré, moderer, modérer

coherently - de maniere cohérente

Exhausted by emotion, my language was more subdued than it generally was when it developed that sad theme; and mindful of Helen's warnings against the indulgence of resentment, I infused into the narrative far less of gall and wormwood than ordinary. Thus restrained and simplified, it sounded more credible: I felt as I went on that Miss Temple fully believed me.

exhausted - épuisé, épuiser, échappement

emotion - l'émotion, émotion

theme - theme, theme

mindful - etre attentif a qqch

infused - infusé, infuser

gall - le fiel, fiel, bile

wormwood - l'absinthe, armoise, absinthe, fiel, amertume

restrained - retenue, (se) contenir/retenir

simplified - simplifiée, simplifier

credible - crédible

In the course of the tale I had mentioned Mr. Lloyd as having come to see me after the fit: for I never forgot the, to me, frightful episode of the red-room: in detailing which, my excitement was sure, in some degree, to break bounds; for nothing could soften in my recollection the spasm of agony which clutched my heart when Mrs.

episode - épisode

soften - s'adoucir, adoucir

recollection - mémoire

spasm - spasme

clutched - serré, se raccrocher (a)

Reed spurned my wild supplication for pardon, and locked me a second time in the dark and haunted chamber.

spurned - éconduit, renier, dédaigner, coup de pied

supplication - supplication

I had finished: Miss Temple regarded me a few minutes in silence; she then said-

"I know something of Mr. Lloyd; I shall write to him; if his reply agrees with your statement, you shall be publicly cleared from every imputation; to me, Jane, you are clear now."

publicly - publiquement

imputation - imputation

She kissed me, and still keeping me at her side (where I was well contented to stand, for I derived a child's pleasure from the contemplation of her face, her dress, her one or two ornaments, her white forehead, her clustered and shining curls, and beaming dark eyes), she proceeded to address Helen Burns.

contemplation - contemplation

ornaments - ornements, ornement, ornement musical

shining - brillant, tibia

beaming - la téléportation, (beam), madrier, poutre, merrain, perche

"How are you to-night, Helen? Have you coughed much to-day?"

"Not quite so much, I think, ma'am."

"And the pain in your chest?"

"It is a little better."

Miss Temple got up, took her hand and examined her pulse; then she returned to her own seat: as she resumed it, I heard her sigh low. She was pensive a few minutes, then rousing herself, she said cheerfully-

pulse - l'impulsion, pouls

rousing - l'enthousiasme, réveiller

cheerfully - réjouie

"But you two are my visitors to-night; I must treat you as such." She rang her bell.

"Barbara," she said to the servant who answered it, "I have not yet had tea; bring the tray and place cups for these two young ladies."

And a tray was soon brought. How pretty, to my eyes, did the china cups and bright teapot look, placed on the little round table near the fire! How fragrant was the steam of the beverage, and the scent of the toast! of which, however, I, to my dismay (for I was beginning to be hungry) discerned only a very small portion: Miss Temple discerned it too.

teapot - théiere, théiere

fragrant - parfumée, odorant, aromatique

Steam - vapeur d'eau, vapeur

beverage - boisson, breuvage

scent - parfum, odeur, odorat, sentir

toast - toast, rôtir

"Barbara," said she, "can you not bring a little more bread and butter? There is not enough for three."

Barbara went out: she returned soon-

"Madam, Mrs. Harden says she has sent up the usual quantity."

harden - durcir, endurcissez, endurcissent, endurcir

Mrs. Harden, be it observed, was the housekeeper: a woman after Mr. Brocklehurst's own heart, made up of equal parts of whalebone and iron.

whalebone - os de baleine, fanon

iron - le fer, fer, repasser

"Oh, very well!" returned Miss Temple; "we must make it do, Barbara, I suppose." And as the girl withdrew she added, smiling, "Fortunately, I have it in my power to supply deficiencies for this once."

withdrew - s'est retiré, (se) retirer

deficiencies - déficiences, déficience, carence

Having invited Helen and me to approach the table, and placed before each of us a cup of tea with one delicious but thin morsel of toast, she got up, unlocked a drawer, and taking from it a parcel wrapped in paper, disclosed presently to our eyes a good-sized seed-cake.

unlocked - déverrouillé, déverrouiller, débloquer

taking from - Prendre de

parcel - colis, paquet, parcelle, empaqueter, emballer, envelopper

disclosed - divulguée, découvrir, laisser voir, révéler, divulguer

"I meant to give each of you some of this to take with you," said she, "but as there is so little toast, you must have it now," and she proceeded to cut slices with a generous hand.

slices - tranches, tranche, tronçon, trancher, couper en tranches

We feasted that evening as on nectar and ambrosia; and not the least delight of the entertainment was the smile of gratification with which our hostess regarded us, as we satisfied our famished appetites on the delicate fare she liberally supplied.

feasted - festoyé, festin

nectar - nectar

ambrosia - l'ambroisie, ambroisie

entertainment - divertissement

gratification - gratification, récompense

hostess - hôtesse, maîtresse de maison, hôtesse de l'air

Tea over and the tray removed, she again summoned us to the fire; we sat one on each side of her, and now a conversation followed between her and Helen, which it was indeed a privilege to be admitted to hear.

Miss Temple had always something of serenity in her air, of state in her mien, of refined propriety in her language, which precluded deviation into the ardent, the excited, the eager: something which chastened the pleasure of those who looked on her and listened to her, by a controlling sense of awe; and such was my feeling now: but as to Helen Burns, I was struck with wonder.

serenity - la sérénité, sérénité

propriety - la bienséance, décence, correction, bienséance, convenances

precluded - exclue, exclure

deviation - déviation, rench: t-needed r, écart

chastened - châtié, chatier

The refreshing meal, the brilliant fire, the presence and kindness of her beloved instructress, or, perhaps, more than all these, something in her own unique mind, had roused her powers within her.

refreshing - rafraîchissant, revigorer, rafraîchir

beloved - bien-aimé, chéri, amant, amante, (belove)

instructress - instructrice

They woke, they kindled: first, they glowed in the bright tint of her cheek, which till this hour I had never seen but pale and bloodless; then they shone in the liquid lustre of her eyes, which had suddenly acquired a beauty more singular than that of Miss Temple's-a beauty neither of fine colour nor long eyelash, nor pencilled brow, but of meaning, of movement, of radiance.

kindled - enflammé, allumer, enflammer

glowed - a brillé, briller, luire, irradier, lueur, éclat

tint - teinte, nuance, teindre

liquid - liquide

lustre - l'éclat, lustre, éclat

acquired - acquis, acquérir

eyelash - cils, cil

Then her soul sat on her lips, and language flowed, from what source I cannot tell. Has a girl of fourteen a heart large enough, vigorous enough, to hold the swelling spring of pure, full, fervid eloquence?

flowed - s'est écoulée, couler

swelling - gonflement, (swell)

fervid - fervent

eloquence - l'éloquence, éloquence

Such was the characteristic of Helen's discourse on that, to me, memorable evening; her spirit seemed hastening to live within a very brief span as much as many live during a protracted existence.

characteristic - caractéristique

memorable - mémorable

hastening to - se hâter

span - l'étendue, empan

They conversed of things I had never heard of; of nations and times past; of countries far away; of secrets of nature discovered or guessed at: they spoke of books: how many they had read! What stores of knowledge they possessed!

stores of knowledge - vaste connaissances

Then they seemed so familiar with French names and French authors: but my amazement reached its climax when Miss Temple asked Helen if she sometimes snatched a moment to recall the Latin her father had taught her, and taking a book from a shelf, bade her read and construe a page of Virgil; and Helen obeyed, my organ of veneration expanding at every sounding line.

familiar - familier, esprit familier

amazement - l'étonnement, stupéfaction, stupeur

snatched - arraché, empoigner, happer, saisir, arracher, enlever

Latin - latine

shelf - étagere, rayon, étagere, tablard, rayonnage

bade - Bade

construe - interpréter, expliquer, comprendre

Virgil - virgile

expanding - en expansion, agrandir, développer, élaborer

She had scarcely finished ere the bell announced bedtime! no delay could be admitted; Miss Temple embraced us both, saying, as she drew us to her heart-

bedtime - l'heure du coucher, heure du coucher

"God bless you, my children!"

Helen she held a little longer than me: she let her go more reluctantly; it was Helen her eye followed to the door; it was for her she a second time breathed a sad sigh; for her she wiped a tear from her cheek.

On reaching the bedroom, we heard the voice of Miss Scatcherd: she was examining drawers; she had just pulled out Helen Burns's, and when we entered Helen was greeted with a sharp reprimand, and told that to-morrow she should have half-a-dozen of untidily folded articles pinned to her shoulder.

reprimand - réprimande, semonce, réprimander

untidily - de façon désordonnée

pinned - épinglé, épingle

"My things were indeed in shameful disorder," murmured Helen to me, in a low voice: "I intended to have arranged them, but I forgot."

disorder - désordre, trouble

Next morning, Miss Scatcherd wrote in conspicuous characters on a piece of pasteboard the word "Slattern," and bound it like a phylactery round Helen's large, mild, intelligent, and benign-looking forehead. She wore it till evening, patient, unresentful, regarding it as a deserved punishment.

conspicuous - qui se remarque aisément, visible, voyant, remarquable

Slattern - slattern, salope

phylactery - phylactere, phylactere, amulet, talisman

benign - bénigne, bénin

unresentful - non représentatif

regarding - concernant, considérer

The moment Miss Scatcherd withdrew after afternoon school, I ran to Helen, tore it off, and thrust it into the fire: the fury of which she was incapable had been burning in my soul all day, and tears, hot and large, had continually been scalding my cheek; for the spectacle of her sad resignation gave me an intolerable pain at the heart.

scalding - l'ébouillantage, (scald) l'ébouillantage

resignation - démission, résignation

intolerable - intolérable

About a week subsequently to the incidents above narrated, Miss Temple, who had written to Mr. Lloyd, received his answer: it appeared that what he said went to corroborate my account.

Incidents - incidents, incident, frait-divers, fr

corroborate - corroborer

Miss Temple, having assembled the whole school, announced that inquiry had been made into the charges alleged against Jane Eyre, and that she was most happy to be able to pronounce her completely cleared from every imputation. The teachers then shook hands with me and kissed me, and a murmur of pleasure ran through the ranks of my companions.

charges - charges, frais-p, charge, chef d’accusation, chef d’inculpation

alleged - allégué, prétendre, alléguer

murmur - murmure, rumeur, souffle, murmurer

ranks - rangs, rang

Companions - compagnons, compagnon, compagne

Thus relieved of a grievous load, I from that hour set to work afresh, resolved to pioneer my way through every difficulty: I toiled hard, and my success was proportionate to my efforts; my memory, not naturally tenacious, improved with practice; exercise sharpened my wits; in a few weeks I was promoted to a higher class; in less than two months I was allowed to commence French and drawing.

grievous - grave

load - charge, chargement, fardeau

afresh - nouveau, a nouveau

Pioneer - pionnier, pionniere

toiled - travaillé, travailler

proportionate - proportionné, proportionner

tenacious - tenace

sharpened - aiguisé, affiler, affuter, aiguiser

promoted - promu, promouvoir, faire la promotion de.

I learned the first two tenses of the verb Etre, and sketched my first cottage (whose walls, by-the-bye, outrivalled in slope those of the leaning tower of Pisa), on the same day.

tenses - temps

verb - verbe

sketched - esquissé, croquer, esquisser, esquisse, ébauche

slope - pente, inclinaison

That night, on going to bed, I forgot to prepare in imagination the Barmecide supper of hot roast potatoes, or white bread and new milk, with which I was wont to amuse my inward cravings: I feasted instead on the spectacle of ideal drawings, which I saw in the dark; all the work of my own hands: freely pencilled houses and trees, picturesque rocks and ruins, Cuyp-like groups of cattle, sweet paintings of butterflies hovering over unblown roses, of birds picking at ripe cherries, of wren's nests enclosing pearl-like eggs, wreathed about with young ivy sprays. I examined, too, in thought, the possibility of my ever being able to translate currently a certain little French story which Madame Pierrot had that day shown me; nor was that problem solved to my satisfaction ere I fell sweetly asleep.

imagination - l'imagination, imagination

Barmecide - Barmecide

roast potatoes - des pommes de terre rôties

amuse - amuser

picturesque - pittoresque

ruins - des ruines, ruine, ruiner, abîmer

cattle - du bétail, bétail, bovins

butterflies - des papillons, papillon, pansement papillon

hovering - en vol stationnaire, éventiller, faire du sur-place, hésiter

unblown - non soufflé

roses - des roses, Rose

ripe - mur, pruine

cherries - des cerises, cerise, qualifier

Wren - wren, roitelet, roitelet huppé

nests - nids, nid

pearl - perle, joyau, perlure, parisienne, sédanoise

wreathed - couronné, rayonnant

sprays - sprays, (nuage de) gouttelettes, pulvérisation

currently - maintenant, actuellement, a l'heure actuelle

satisfaction - satisfaction

sweetly - avec douceur, doucement

Well has Solomon said-"Better is a dinner of herbs where love is, than a stalled ox and hatred therewith."

Solomon - salomon, Solayman

herbs - des herbes, herbe, herbes-p, plante médicinale

stalled - bloqué, stalle

ox - ox, boeuf

therewith - avec

I would not now have exchanged Lowood with all its privations for Gateshead and its daily luxuries.

exchanged - échangé, (é)changer

privations - privations, privation

luxuries - le luxe, luxe


But the privations, or rather the hardships, of Lowood lessened. Spring drew on: she was indeed already come; the frosts of winter had ceased; its snows were melted, its cutting winds ameliorated.

lessened - diminuée, amoindrir, atténuer, diminuer, réduire

frosts - les gelées, givre, gel

ameliorated - améliorée, améliorer

My wretched feet, flayed and swollen to lameness by the sharp air of January, began to heal and subside under the gentler breathings of April; the nights and mornings no longer by their Canadian temperature froze the very blood in our veins; we could now endure the play-hour passed in the garden: sometimes on a sunny day it began even to be pleasant and genial, and a greenness grew over those brown beds, which, freshening daily, suggested the thought that Hope traversed them at night, and left each morning brighter traces of her steps. Flowers peeped out amongst the leaves; snow-drops, crocuses, purple auriculas, and golden-eyed pansies. On Thursday afternoons (half-holidays) we now took walks, and found still sweeter flowers opening by the wayside, under the hedges.

swollen - gonflé, enfler, gonfler

lameness - boiterie

heal - guérir, cicatriser

subside - s'atténuer, tomber, calmer

gentler - plus doux, gentil, doux

breathings - respirations, respiration

Canadian - canadien

froze - gelé, geler

veins - veines, veine

sunny - ensoleillé

genial - génial, aimable, chaleureux

greenness - verdure, verdeur

traces - des traces, trace

peeped - épié, regarder qqch a la dérobée

Crocuses - crocus

pansies - des pensées, pensée, mauve, indigo, fiotte

hedges - des haies, haie

I discovered, too, that a great pleasure, an enjoyment which the horizon only bounded, lay all outside the high and spike-guarded walls of our garden: this pleasure consisted in prospect of noble summits girdling a great hill-hollow, rich in verdure and shadow; in a bright beck, full of dark stones and sparkling eddies.

spike - clou, pointe, pieu, pic, pique, épi, crampons, rench: t-needed r

noble - noble, aristocrate, aristocratique

girdling - l'annelage, (girdle) l'annelage

verdure - verdure, vigueur

shadow - l'ombre, ombre, prendre en filature, filer

beck - beck, au doigt et a l'oeil

sparkling - étincelante, pétillant

eddies - tourbillons, tourbillon

How different had this scene looked when I viewed it laid out beneath the iron sky of winter, stiffened in frost, shrouded with snow!-when mists as chill as death wandered to the impulse of east winds along those purple peaks, and rolled down "ing" and holm till they blended with the frozen fog of the beck!

mists - brumes, brume

peaks - pics, pic

rolled - roulé, rouleau

holm - holm

blended - mélangé, mélange, mélanger, meler, mixer

That beck itself was then a torrent, turbid and curbless: it tore asunder the wood, and sent a raving sound through the air, often thickened with wild rain or whirling sleet; and for the forest on its banks, that showed only ranks of skeletons.

torrent - torrent

curbless - sans bordures

asunder - de l'homme, de la femme et de l'enfant

raving - divagations

thickened - épaissie, épaissir, lier, s'épaissir

whirling - tourbillonnant, (whirl), tourbillonner

sleet - de la neige fondue, grésil, rench: t-needed r, grésiller

skeletons - des squelettes, squelette

April advanced to May: a bright serene May it was; days of blue sky, placid sunshine, and soft western or southern gales filled up its duration.

advanced - avancé, élever, avancer, avancée, progression, progres

serene - serein, enjoué

placid - placide

Western - occidentale, occidental, western

gales - des coups de vent, grand vent

And now vegetation matured with vigour; Lowood shook loose its tresses; it became all green, all flowery; its great elm, ash, and oak skeletons were restored to majestic life; woodland plants sprang up profusely in its recesses; unnumbered varieties of moss filled its hollows, and it made a strange ground-sunshine out of the wealth of its wild primrose plants: I have seen their pale gold gleam in overshadowed spots like scatterings of the sweetest lustre. All this I enjoyed often and fully, free, unwatched, and almost alone: for this unwonted liberty and pleasure there was a cause, to which it now becomes my task to advert.

vegetation - la végétation, végétation

matured - muri, mur

flowery - fleuri

elm - l'orme, orme

ash - cendres, frene, cendre

oak - chene, chene, chenes

restored - restaurée, restaurer, rétablir, rendre, restituer

majestic - majestueux

woodland - des bois, sylvestre, bois

sprang up - a surgi

profusely - a profusion

recesses - les récréations, reces, vacances-p, récréation, récré, pause

unnumbered - non numérotés

moss - mousse

hollows - creux

wealth - la richesse, richesse, profusion, abondance, checkfortune

Primrose - primrose, primevere

scatterings - les dispersions, diffusion, éparpillement

unwatched - non regardé

advert - publicité, annonce

Have I not described a pleasant site for a dwelling, when I speak of it as bosomed in hill and wood, and rising from the verge of a stream? Assuredly, pleasant enough: but whether healthy or not is another question.

dwelling - logement, demeure, (dwell), résider, s'appesantir sur

bosomed - bosomed, sein, intime

verge - verge, bord

assuredly - assurément

That forest-dell, where Lowood lay, was the cradle of fog and fog-bred pestilence; which, quickening with the quickening spring, crept into the Orphan Asylum, breathed typhus through its crowded schoolroom and dormitory, and, ere May arrived, transformed the seminary into an hospital.

cradle - berceau, bers, bercer

bred - élevé, (breed), se reproduire, engendrer, élever, race

pestilence - la peste, peste

quickening - l'accélération, (quicken) l'accélération

crept - rampé, ramper, rampement, fatigue, fluage, reptation

asylum - l'asile, asile, asile psychiatrique

seminary - séminaire

Semi-starvation and neglected colds had predisposed most of the pupils to receive infection: forty-five out of the eighty girls lay ill at one time. Classes were broken up, rules relaxed.

semi - semi

starvation - la famine, inanition, famine, faim

The few who continued well were allowed almost unlimited license; because the medical attendant insisted on the necessity of frequent exercise to keep them in health: and had it been otherwise, no one had leisure to watch or restrain them. Miss Temple's whole attention was absorbed by the patients: she lived in the sick-room, never quitting it except to snatch a few hours'rest at night.

unlimited - illimité

license - licence

insisted - insisté, insister

otherwise - autrement

restrain - retenir, contraignez, contraignons, gouverner, contrains

sick-room - (sick-room) Une chambre de malade

quitting - démissionner, quitter, abandonner

The teachers were fully occupied with packing up and making other necessary preparations for the departure of those girls who were fortunate enough to have friends and relations able and willing to remove them from the seat of contagion. Many, already smitten, went home only to die: some died at the school, and were buried quietly and quickly, the nature of the malady forbidding delay.

fully occupied - entierement occupée

occupied with - occupés par

packing up - Emballer

preparations - préparations, préparation, concoction

contagion - la contagion, contagion

smitten - amoureux, frapper

malady - maladie

While disease had thus become an inhabitant of Lowood, and death its frequent visitor; while there was gloom and fear within its walls; while its rooms and passages steamed with hospital smells, the drug and the pastille striving vainly to overcome the effluvia of mortality, that bright May shone unclouded over the bold hills and beautiful woodland out of doors.

inhabitant - habitant, habitante, résident, résidente

steamed - a la vapeur, vapeur d'eau, vapeur, cuisiner

pastille - pastille

striving - en quete d'une solution, (strive) en quete d'une solution

vainly - vainement

effluvia - des effluves, effluvium

mortality - la mortalité, mortalité, condition mortelle

bold - audacieux, gros, épais

Its garden, too, glowed with flowers: hollyhocks had sprung up tall as trees, lilies had opened, tulips and roses were in bloom; the borders of the little beds were gay with pink thrift and crimson double daisies; the sweetbriars gave out, morning and evening, their scent of spice and apples; and these fragrant treasures were all useless for most of the inmates of Lowood, except to furnish now and then a handful of herbs and blossoms to put in a coffin.

hollyhocks - les roses trémieres, rose trémiere

lilies - des lys, lys

tulips - tulipes, tulipe

bloom - fleurir, fleur

gay - gay, gai

thrift - de la friperie, parcimonie, économie, épargne, armérie

daisies - marguerites, pâquerette, marguerite

gave out - Donner

spice - épice, épicer, épicent, assaisonner, épiçons, épicez

treasures - des trésors, trésor, garder précieusement

inmates - détenus, détenu, détenue, codétenu, codétenue, résident

furnish - meubler, fournir, livrer

handful - poignée, manipule

blossoms - fleurs, fleur, floraison, fleurir, s'épanouir

But I, and the rest who continued well, enjoyed fully the beauties of the scene and season; they let us ramble in the wood, like gipsies, from morning till night; we did what we liked, went where we liked: we lived better too. Mr.

beauties - des beautés, beauté

ramble - flâner, se balader, divaguer, radoter

Brocklehurst and his family never came near Lowood now: household matters were not scrutinised into; the cross housekeeper was gone, driven away by the fear of infection; her successor, who had been matron at the Lowton Dispensary, unused to the ways of her new abode, provided with comparative liberality.

driven away - chassé

successor - successeur, successeuse, successrice

Matron - matron, matrone

Dispensary - dispensaire

unused - inutilisé

Besides, there were fewer to feed; the sick could eat little; our breakfast-basins were better filled; when there was no time to prepare a regular dinner, which often happened, she would give us a large piece of cold pie, or a thick slice of bread and cheese, and this we carried away with us to the wood, where we each chose the spot we liked best, and dined sumptuously.

pie - tarte, saccager, pâte, pâté

spot - spot, tache, bouton, peu, endroit, zone, détecter, trouver

dined - dîné, dîner

sumptuously - somptueusement

My favourite seat was a smooth and broad stone, rising white and dry from the very middle of the beck, and only to be got at by wading through the water; a feat I accomplished barefoot.

wading - patauger, (wad) patauger

feat - feat, fait

accomplished - accompli, accomplir

barefoot - pieds nus

The stone was just broad enough to accommodate, comfortably, another girl and me, at that time my chosen comrade-one Mary Ann Wilson; a shrewd, observant personage, whose society I took pleasure in, partly because she was witty and original, and partly because she had a manner which set me at my ease.

accommodate - d'accueil, héberger, accommoder, s'accommoder

comfortably - confortablement, agréablement

comrade - camarade f, camarade

Mary - marie

witty - de l'esprit, fin

ease - l'aisance, facilité, repos, abaisser, abréger, amoindrir

Some years older than I, she knew more of the world, and could tell me many things I liked to hear: with her my curiosity found gratification: to my faults also she gave ample indulgence, never imposing curb or rein on anything I said.

curiosity - curiosité

imposing - imposant, imposer

curb - de la bordure, restreindre, endiguer

rein - rein, frein

She had a turn for narrative, I for analysis; she liked to inform, I to question; so we got on swimmingly together, deriving much entertainment, if not much improvement, from our mutual intercourse.

inform - informer, renseignent, faire savoir, renseignons, informez

swimmingly - en nageant, comme sur des roulettes

deriving - dériver, tirer, trouver, déduire, conclure

mutual - mutuelle, mutuel

intercourse - les rapports sexuels, relation sexuelle

And where, meantime, was Helen Burns? Why did I not spend these sweet days of liberty with her? Had I forgotten her? or was I so worthless as to have grown tired of her pure society?

worthless - sans valeur, ne vaut rien, misérable, nul

Surely the Mary Ann Wilson I have mentioned was inferior to my first acquaintance: she could only tell me amusing stories, and reciprocate any racy and pungent gossip I chose to indulge in; while, if I have spoken truth of Helen, she was qualified to give those who enjoyed the privilege of her converse a taste of far higher things.

amusing - amusant, amuser

reciprocate - réciproquement, donner en retour, réciproquer

gossip - des ragots, commere, commérage, ragot, cancan

indulge in - se faire plaisir

qualified - qualifiés, caractériser, qualifier, définir

True, reader; and I knew and felt this: and though I am a defective being, with many faults and few redeeming points, yet I never tired of Helen Burns; nor ever ceased to cherish for her a sentiment of attachment, as strong, tender, and respectful as any that ever animated my heart.

cherish - chérir

attachment - l'attachement, attachement, dépendance, piece jointe, saisie

tender - l'appel d'offres, doux, adjudication, affectieux

animated - animée, animé, animer

How could it be otherwise, when Helen, at all times and under all circumstances, evinced for me a quiet and faithful friendship, which ill-humour never soured, nor irritation never troubled? But Helen was ill at present: for some weeks she had been removed from my sight to I knew not what room upstairs.

circumstances - circonstances, circonstance

evinced - évincé, montrer, prouver

friendship - l'amitié, amitié

soured - aigre, sur, rance, tourné, acerbe, acariâtre

She was not, I was told, in the hospital portion of the house with the fever patients; for her complaint was consumption, not typhus: and by consumption I, in my ignorance, understood something mild, which time and care would be sure to alleviate.

complaint - plainte, réclamation, porter plainte

consumption - la consommation, consommation

alleviate - atténuer, adoucir, calmer, soulager

I was confirmed in this idea by the fact of her once or twice coming downstairs on very warm sunny afternoons, and being taken by Miss Temple into the garden; but, on these occasions, I was not allowed to go and speak to her; I only saw her from the schoolroom window, and then not distinctly; for she was much wrapped up, and sat at a distance under the verandah.

confirmed - confirmée, confirmer

One evening, in the beginning of June, I had stayed out very late with Mary Ann in the wood; we had, as usual, separated ourselves from the others, and had wandered far; so far that we lost our way, and had to ask it at a lonely cottage, where a man and woman lived, who looked after a herd of half-wild swine that fed on the mast in the wood.

looked after - pris en charge

herd - troupeau

swine - porcs, porc, vermine, an

mast - mât

When we got back, it was after moonrise: a pony, which we knew to be the surgeon's, was standing at the garden door. Mary Ann remarked that she supposed some one must be very ill, as Mr. Bates had been sent for at that time of the evening.

moonrise - lever de lune

pony - poney

surgeon - chirurgien, chirurgienne

She went into the house; I stayed behind a few minutes to plant in my garden a handful of roots I had dug up in the forest, and which I feared would wither if I left them till the morning.

dug up - déterré

wither - se flétrir, flétrissure

This done, I lingered yet a little longer: the flowers smelt so sweet as the dew fell; it was such a pleasant evening, so serene, so warm; the still glowing west promised so fairly another fine day on the morrow; the moon rose with such majesty in the grave east. I was noting these things and enjoying them as a child might, when it entered my mind as it had never done before:-

lingered - s'est attardé, s'installer, stagner, s'incruster, s'éteindre

dew - rosée

glowing - rayonnante, briller, luire, irradier, lueur

fairly - équitable, justement, assez

"How sad to be lying now on a sick bed, and to be in danger of dying! This world is pleasant-it would be dreary to be called from it, and to have to go who knows where?"

sick bed - lit de malade

And then my mind made its first earnest effort to comprehend what had been infused into it concerning heaven and hell; and for the first time it recoiled, baffled; and for the first time glancing behind, on each side, and before it, it saw all round an unfathomed gulf: it felt the one point where it stood-the present; all the rest was formless cloud and vacant depth; and it shuddered at the thought of tottering, and plunging amid that chaos. While pondering this new idea, I heard the front door open; Mr. Bates came out, and with him was a nurse. After she had seen him mount his horse and depart, she was about to close the door, but I ran up to her.

recoiled - a reculé, recul, reculer

baffled - déconcerté, déconcerter, dérouter

unfathomed - insondable

Gulf - golfe

formless - sans forme, informe

plunging - plongeant, (plunge) plongeant

amid - amid, au milieu de, parmi, entre

depart - partir, s’en aller, dévier, quitter

ran up - a couru

"How is Helen Burns?"

"Very poorly," was the answer.

poorly - médiocre

"Is it her Mr. Bates has been to see?"


"And what does he say about her?"

"He says she'll not be here long."

This phrase, uttered in my hearing yesterday, would have only conveyed the notion that she was about to be removed to Northumberland, to her own home. I should not have suspected that it meant she was dying; but I knew instantly now!

conveyed - transmis, transporter, véhiculer, communiquer

It opened clear on my comprehension that Helen Burns was numbering her last days in this world, and that she was going to be taken to the region of spirits, if such region there were. I experienced a shock of horror, then a strong thrill of grief, then a desire-a necessity to see her; and I asked in what room she lay.

comprehension - compréhension, entendement

thrill - l'excitation, exciter

"She is in Miss Temple's room," said the nurse.

"May I go up and speak to her?"

"Oh no, child! It is not likely; and now it is time for you to come in; you'll catch the fever if you stop out when the dew is falling."

The nurse closed the front door; I went in by the side entrance which led to the schoolroom: I was just in time; it was nine o'clock, and Miss Miller was calling the pupils to go to bed.

side entrance - entrée latérale

It might be two hours later, probably near eleven, when I-not having been able to fall asleep, and deeming, from the perfect silence of the dormitory, that my companions were all wrapt in profound repose-rose softly, put on my frock over my night-dress, and, without shoes, crept from the apartment, and set off in quest of Miss Temple's room.

deeming - la présomption, estimer, croire, considérer

wrapt - wrapt, enrouler (autour de)

profound - profond

repose - repos

quest - quete, recherche

It was quite at the other end of the house; but I knew my way; and the light of the unclouded summer moon, entering here and there at passage windows, enabled me to find it without difficulty. An odour of camphor and burnt vinegar warned me when I came near the fever room: and I passed its door quickly, fearful lest the nurse who sat up all night should hear me.

enabled - activée, autoriser, permettre, activer

camphor - camphre

vinegar - vinaigre

warned - averti, avertir, alerter, prévenir

I dreaded being discovered and sent back; for I must see Helen,-I must embrace her before she died,-I must give her one last kiss, exchange with her one last word.

dreaded - redouté, redouter, craindre, crainte

Embrace - étreindre, embrasser, accolade, embrassement, embrassade

Exchange - l'échange, échangent, échangeons, échanger, échangez, échange

Having descended a staircase, traversed a portion of the house below, and succeeded in opening and shutting, without noise, two doors, I reached another flight of steps; these I mounted, and then just opposite to me was Miss Temple's room. A light shone through the keyhole and from under the door; a profound stillness pervaded the vicinity.

opposite to - en face de

shone through - a brillé a travers

keyhole - trou de serrure, trou de la serrure

pervaded - imprégné, saturer, pénétrer, envahir

vicinity - proximité, voisinage, vicinité, environs

coming near, I found the door slightly ajar; probably to admit some fresh air into the close abode of sickness. Indisposed to hesitate, and full of impatient impulses-soul and senses quivering with keen throes-I put it back and looked in. My eye sought Helen, and feared to find death.

coming near - qui se rapproche

slightly - légerement, finement, délicatement, légerement

ajar - entrouverte, entrouvert

sickness - maladie

hesitate - hésiter

impulses - des impulsions, impulsion

quivering - tremblant, frémir

Close by Miss Temple's bed, and half covered with its white curtains, there stood a little crib. I saw the outline of a form under the clothes, but the face was hid by the hangings: the nurse I had spoken to in the garden sat in an easy-chair asleep; an unsnuffed candle burnt dimly on the table.

unsnuffed - non étouffé

Miss Temple was not to be seen: I knew afterwards that she had been called to a delirious patient in the fever-room. I advanced; then paused by the crib side: my hand was on the curtain, but I preferred speaking before I withdrew it. I still recoiled at the dread of seeing a corpse.

delirious - délirant

corpse - cadavre, corps, corps sans vie

"Helen!" I whispered softly, "are you awake?"

awake - éveillé, (se) réveiller, (s')éveiller

She stirred herself, put back the curtain, and I saw her face, pale, wasted, but quite composed: she looked so little changed that my fear was instantly dissipated.

put back - remis en place

dissipated - dissipée, dissiper

"Can it be you, Jane?" she asked, in her own gentle voice.

"Oh!" I thought, "she is not going to die; they are mistaken: she could not speak and look so calmly if she were."

calmly - calmement, paisiblement

I got on to her crib and kissed her: her forehead was cold, and her cheek both cold and thin, and so were her hand and wrist; but she smiled as of old.

wrist - poignet

"Why are you come here, Jane? It is past eleven o'clock: I heard it strike some minutes since."

"I came to see you, Helen: I heard you were very ill, and I could not sleep till I had spoken to you."

"You came to bid me good-bye, then: you are just in time probably."

"Are you going somewhere, Helen? Are you going home?"

"Yes; to my long home-my last home."

"No, no, Helen!" I stopped, distressed. While I tried to devour my tears, a fit of coughing seized Helen; it did not, however, wake the nurse; when it was over, she lay some minutes exhausted; then she whispered-

distressed - en détresse, détresse

devour - dévorer

fit of coughing - une quinte de toux

"Jane, your little feet are bare; lie down and cover yourself with my quilt."

I did so: she put her arm over me, and I nestled close to her. After a long silence, she resumed, still whispering-

nestled - niché, se pelotonner, se nicher

"I am very happy, Jane; and when you hear that I am dead, you must be sure and not grieve: there is nothing to grieve about. We all must die one day, and the illness which is removing me is not painful; it is gentle and gradual: my mind is at rest. I leave no one to regret me much: I have only a father; and he is lately married, and will not miss me.

gradual - graduelle, graduel

regret - regretter, regret

By dying young, I shall escape great sufferings. I had not qualities or talents to make my way very well in the world: I should have been continually at fault."

talents - talents, talent

"But where are you going to, Helen? Can you see? Do you know?"

"I believe; I have faith: I am going to God."

Faith - la foi, foi, rench:, confiance

"Where is God? What is God?"

"My Maker and yours, who will never destroy what He created. I rely implicitly on His power, and confide wholly in His goodness: I count the hours till that eventful one arrives which shall restore me to Him, reveal Him to me."

Maker - le fabricant, faiseur, fabricant, créateur

rely - s'appuyer, compter sur

implicitly - implicitement

confide - se confier, faire confiance, confier

wholly - entierement

eventful - mouvementé

"You are sure, then, Helen, that there is such a place as heaven, and that our souls can get to it when we die?"

"I am sure there is a future state; I believe God is good; I can resign my immortal part to Him without any misgiving. God is my father; God is my friend: I love Him; I believe He loves me."

resign - démissionner, résignent, résignez, résignons, abdiquer, résigner

misgiving - des doutes, état d'âme, (misgive) des doutes

"And shall I see you again, Helen, when I die?"

"You will come to the same region of happiness: be received by the same mighty, universal Parent, no doubt, dear Jane."

Again I questioned, but this time only in thought. "Where is that region? Does it exist?" And I clasped my arms closer round Helen; she seemed dearer to me than ever; I felt as if I could not let her go; I lay with my face hidden on her neck. Presently she said, in the sweetest tone-

clasped - serré, fermoir, serrer

"How comfortable I am! That last fit of coughing has tired me a little; I feel as if I could sleep: but don't leave me, Jane; I like to have you near me."

coughing - toux, toussant, (cough), tousser

"I'll stay with you, dear Helen: no one shall take me away."

"Are you warm, darling?"


"Good-night, Jane."

"Good-night, Helen."

She kissed me, and I her, and we both soon slumbered.

When I awoke it was day: an unusual movement roused me; I looked up; I was in somebody's arms; the nurse held me; she was carrying me through the passage back to the dormitory.

I was not reprimanded for leaving my bed; people had something else to think about; no explanation was afforded then to my many questions; but a day or two afterwards I learned that Miss Temple, on returning to her own room at dawn, had found me laid in the little crib; my face against Helen Burns's shoulder, my arms round her neck. I was asleep, and Helen was-dead.

reprimanded - réprimandé, réprimande, semonce, réprimander, qualifier

laid in - mis en place

Her grave is in Brocklebridge churchyard: for fifteen years after her death it was only covered by a grassy mound; but now a grey marble tablet marks the spot, inscribed with her name, and the word "Resurgam."

grassy - herbeux

mound - butte, monticule, tertre, butter


Hitherto I have recorded in detail the events of my insignificant existence: to the first ten years of my life I have given almost as many chapters. But this is not to be a regular autobiography.

insignificant - insignifiante

autobiography - autobiographie

I am only bound to invoke Memory where I know her responses will possess some degree of interest; therefore I now pass a space of eight years almost in silence: a few lines only are necessary to keep up the links of connection.

invoke - invoquer

possess - posséder, s'emparer de

When the typhus fever had fulfilled its mission of devastation at Lowood, it gradually disappeared from thence; but not till its virulence and the number of its victims had drawn public attention on the school. Inquiry was made into the origin of the scourge, and by degrees various facts came out which excited public indignation in a high degree.

fulfilled - satisfaits, accomplir

devastation - la dévastation, dévastation

not till - pas avant

virulence - virulence

victims - victimes, victime

origin - origine, source

scourge - fléau, écourgée, fouet, fouetter

various - divers

The unhealthy nature of the site; the quantity and quality of the children's food; the brackish, fetid water used in its preparation; the pupils'wretched clothing and accommodations-all these things were discovered, and the discovery produced a result mortifying to Mr. Brocklehurst, but beneficial to the institution.

unhealthy - malsain, mauvais pour la santé

brackish - saumâtre

fetid - fétide

mortifying - mortifiant, mortifier, macérer, tuer

beneficial - bénéfique

Several wealthy and benevolent individuals in the county subscribed largely for the erection of a more convenient building in a better situation; new regulations were made; improvements in diet and clothing introduced; the funds of the school were intrusted to the management of a committee. Mr.

wealthy - riches, riche, nanti

subscribed - abonné(e), abonner, s'abonner, souscrire

largely - en grande partie, largement, en général, pour la plupart

erection - érection, bandaison

improvements - des améliorations, amélioration

funds - des fonds, fonds, financer

management - la gestion

committee - de la commission, comité, commission

Brocklehurst, who, from his wealth and family connections, could not be overlooked, still retained the post of treasurer; but he was aided in the discharge of his duties by gentlemen of rather more enlarged and sympathising minds: his office of inspector, too, was shared by those who knew how to combine reason with strictness, comfort with economy, compassion with uprightness.

connections - des connexions, connexion, liaison, lien, rapport, complicité

aided - aidée, assistant

discharge - décharge, licenciement, débit

enlarged - élargi, agrandir, élargir, accroître

combine - combiner

strictness - la rigueur

economy - l'économie, économie

compassion - la compassion, compassion

uprightness - la droiture, droiture, intégrité, rectitude, aplomb

The school, thus improved, became in time a truly useful and noble institution. I remained an inmate of its walls, after its regeneration, for eight years: six as pupil, and two as teacher; and in both capacities I bear my testimony to its value and importance.

inmate - détenu, détenue, codétenu, codétenue, résident

regeneration - régénération

capacities - capacités, capacité

testimony - témoignage

importance - importance

During these eight years my life was uniform: but not unhappy, because it was not inactive. I had the means of an excellent education placed within my reach; a fondness for some of my studies, and a desire to excel in all, together with a great delight in pleasing my teachers, especially such as I loved, urged me on: I availed myself fully of the advantages offered me.

fondness - l'affection, affection

excel in - exceller

delight in - Se réjouir de

availed - disponible, profiter, saisir, servir

In time I rose to be the first girl of the first class; then I was invested with the office of teacher; which I discharged with zeal for two years: but at the end of that time I altered.

invested - investi, investir, placer

discharged - déchargée, licenciement, débit

zeal - le zele, zele, assiduité

Miss Temple, through all changes, had thus far continued superintendent of the seminary: to her instruction I owed the best part of my acquirements; her friendship and society had been my continual solace; she had stood me in the stead of mother, governess, and, latterly, companion.

owed - du, devoir

continual - continuelle

governess - gouvernante, gouverneuse

latterly - dernierement

At this period she married, removed with her husband (a clergyman, an excellent man, almost worthy of such a wife) to a distant county, and consequently was lost to me.

From the day she left I was no longer the same: with her was gone every settled feeling, every association that had made Lowood in some degree a home to me. I had imbibed from her something of her nature and much of her habits: more harmonious thoughts: what seemed better regulated feelings had become the inmates of my mind.

Association - association

imbibed - imbibé, boire, absorber

more harmonious - plus harmonieux

regulated - réglementé, régler

I had given in allegiance to duty and order; I was quiet; I believed I was content: to the eyes of others, usually even to my own, I appeared a disciplined and subdued character.

allegiance - l'allégeance, fidélité, loyauté, allégeance

content - contenu, satisfait, contentement

But destiny, in the shape of the Rev. Mr. Nasmyth, came between me and Miss Temple: I saw her in her travelling dress step into a post-chaise, shortly after the marriage ceremony; I watched the chaise mount the hill and disappear beyond its brow; and then retired to my own room, and there spent in solitude the greatest part of the half-holiday granted in honour of the occasion.

destiny - destin, destinée, sort

Rev - rev, emballer le moteur

marriage ceremony - la cérémonie de mariage

granted - accordée, accorder, admettre

I walked about the chamber most of the time.

I imagined myself only to be regretting my loss, and thinking how to repair it; but when my reflections were concluded, and I looked up and found that the afternoon was gone, and evening far advanced, another discovery dawned on me, namely, that in the interval I had undergone a transforming process; that my mind had put off all it had borrowed of Miss Temple-or rather that she had taken with her the serene atmosphere I had been breathing in her vicinity-and that now I was left in my natural element, and beginning to feel the stirring of old emotions. It did not seem as if a prop were withdrawn, but rather as if a motive were gone: it was not the power to be tranquil which had failed me, but the reason for tranquillity was no more. My world had for some years been in Lowood: my experience had been of its rules and systems; now I remembered that the real world was wide, and that a varied field of hopes and fears, of sensations and excitements, awaited those who had courage to go forth into its expanse, to seek real knowledge of life amidst its perils.

regretting - regretter, regret

Loss - perte, déperdition, perdition, déchet, coulage

concluded - conclu, conclure

namely - a savoir, nommément, c'est-a-dire, a savoir

undergone - subi, subir

transforming - la transformation, transformant, (transform), transformer

atmosphere - atmosphere, atmosphere, ambience, ambiance

breathing - respirer, respiration, (breath), souffle, haleine

element - élément, membre, point

stirring of - Remuer

prop - accessoire, support

withdrawn - retiré, (se) retirer

tranquil - tranquille

varied - varié, varier

excitements - des excitants, excitation

awaited - attendue, attendre, s'attendre a, servir, guetter

perils - périls, péril, risque

I went to my window, opened it, and looked out. There were the two wings of the building; there was the garden; there were the skirts of Lowood; there was the hilly horizon. My eye passed all other objects to rest on those most remote, the blue peaks; it was those I longed to surmount; all within their boundary of rock and heath seemed prison-ground, exile limits.

objects to - s'opposer a

surmount - surmonter

boundary - frontiere, frontiere, limite, limites

exile - l'exil, exil, exilé, exiler

I traced the white road winding round the base of one mountain, and vanishing in a gorge between two; how I longed to follow it farther! I recalled the time when I had travelled that very road in a coach; I remembered descending that hill at twilight; an age seemed to have elapsed since the day which brought me first to Lowood, and I had never quitted it since.

vanishing - en voie de disparition, (vanish), disparaître, s'évanouir

gorge - gorge, ravin

descending - descendant, descendre

elapsed - s'est écoulé, passer

My vacations had all been spent at school: Mrs. Reed had never sent for me to Gateshead; neither she nor any of her family had ever been to visit me. I had had no communication by letter or message with the outer world: school-rules, school-duties, school-habits and notions, and voices, and faces, and phrases, and costumes, and preferences, and antipathies-such was what I knew of existence.

communication - la communication, communication, message

costumes - des costumes, costume, déguisement

Antipathies - antipathies, antipathie

And now I felt that it was not enough; I tired of the routine of eight years in one afternoon. I desired liberty; for liberty I gasped; for liberty I uttered a prayer; it seemed scattered on the wind then faintly blowing.

gasped - haletant, retenir son souffle, haleter, ahaner, haletement

faintly - faiblement

I abandoned it and framed a humbler supplication; for change, stimulus: that petition, too, seemed swept off into vague space: "Then," I cried, half desperate, "grant me at least a new servitude!"

humbler - plus humble, (humble) plus humble

petition - pétition, pétitionner

Grant - la subvention, accorder, admettre

servitude - la servitude, servage, servitude

Here a bell, ringing the hour of supper, called me downstairs.

I was not free to resume the interrupted chain of my reflections till bedtime: even then a teacher who occupied the same room with me kept me from the subject to which I longed to recur, by a prolonged effusion of small talk. How I wished sleep would silence her.

resume - cv, resume, reprendent, reprends, reprenez, reprenons

chain - chaîne, enchaîner

recur - récidiver, resurvenir, revenir, réapparaître

effusion - épanchement, effusion

It seemed as if, could I but go back to the idea which had last entered my mind as I stood at the window, some inventive suggestion would rise for my relief.

inventive - inventif

Miss Gryce snored at last; she was a heavy Welshwoman, and till now her habitual nasal strains had never been regarded by me in any other light than as a nuisance; to-night I hailed the first deep notes with satisfaction; I was debarrassed of interruption; my half-effaced thought instantly revived.

snored - ronflé, ronfler, ronflement

Welshwoman - Galloise

nasal - nasal

strains - les souches, tendre fortement

nuisance - embetement, nuisance

hailed - salué, grele

effaced - effacé, effacer, s'effacer

"A new servitude! There is something in that," I soliloquised (mentally, be it understood; I did not talk aloud), "I know there is, because it does not sound too sweet; it is not like such words as Liberty, Excitement, Enjoyment: delightful sounds truly; but no more than sounds for me; and so hollow and fleeting that it is mere waste of time to listen to them. But Servitude!

mentally - mentalement

delightful - délicieux

fleeting - éphémere, flotte

waste - déchets, pelée, gaspiller, gâcher

That must be matter of fact. Any one may serve: I have served here eight years; now all I want is to serve elsewhere. Can I not get so much of my own will? Is not the thing feasible? Yes-yes-the end is not so difficult; if I had only a brain active enough to ferret out the means of attaining it."

feasible - faisable

ferret - furet

attaining - atteindre

I sat up in bed by way of arousing this said brain: it was a chilly night; I covered my shoulders with a shawl, and then I proceeded to think again with all my might.

arousing - excitante, émoustiller, exciter

"What do I want? A new place, in a new house, amongst new faces, under new circumstances: I want this because it is of no use wanting anything better. How do people do to get a new place? They apply to friends, I suppose: I have no friends. There are many others who have no friends, who must look about for themselves and be their own helpers; and what is their resource?"

helpers - des aides, assistant, assistante

resource - ressource, ressource(s)

I could not tell: nothing answered me; I then ordered my brain to find a response, and quickly. It worked and worked faster: I felt the pulses throb in my head and temples; but for nearly an hour it worked in chaos; and no result came of its efforts.

Feverish with vain labour, I got up and took a turn in the room; undrew the curtain, noted a star or two, shivered with cold, and again crept to bed.

labour - le travail, effort, travail, labeur, besogne, travailleurs

shivered - frissonné, frissonner

A kind fairy, in my absence, had surely dropped the required suggestion on my pillow; for as I lay down, it came quietly and naturally to my mind.-"Those who want situations advertise; you must advertise in the ---shire Herald."

shire - shire, comté

"How? I know nothing about advertising."

Replies rose smooth and prompt now:-

prompt - rapide, ponctuel, indicateur, invite de commande, inciter

"You must enclose the advertisement and the money to pay for it under a cover directed to the editor of the Herald; you must put it, the first opportunity you have, into the post at Lowton; answers must be addressed to J.E., at the post-office there; you can go and inquire in about a week after you send your letter, if any are come, and act accordingly."

editor - rédacteur, lecteur-correcteur, réviseur, éditeur, éditrice

inquire - demander, enqueter

This scheme I went over twice, thrice; it was then digested in my mind; I had it in a clear practical form: I felt satisfied, and fell asleep.

scheme - le projet, plan, combine, machination, schéma, systeme

thrice - trois fois

digested - digéré, digérer

With earliest day, I was up: I had my advertisement written, enclosed, and directed before the bell rang to rouse the school; it ran thus:-

rouse - rouse, ameutez, ameutent, évocation, irriter, ameutons

"A young lady accustomed to tuition" (had I not been a teacher two years?) "is desirous of meeting with a situation in a private family where the children are under fourteen" (I thought that as I was barely eighteen, it would not do to undertake the guidance of pupils nearer my own age).

tuition - les frais de scolarité, frais de scolarité

desirous - désireux

private - personnel, personnelle, privé, privée

barely - a peine, a peine

undertake - entreprendre

"She is qualified to teach the usual branches of a good English education, together with French, Drawing, and Music" (in those days, reader, this now narrow catalogue of accomplishments, would have been held tolerably comprehensive). "Address, J.E., Post-office, Lowton, ---shire."

branches - branches, branche, t+rameau, affluent, filiale

catalogue - catalogue, inventaire, cataloguer, inventorier

comprehensive - complet, exhaustif

This document remained locked in my drawer all day: after tea, I asked leave of the new superintendent to go to Lowton, in order to perform some small commissions for myself and one or two of my fellow-teachers; permission was readily granted; I went.

commissions - des commissions, commission, fr

It was a walk of two miles, and the evening was wet, but the days were still long; I visited a shop or two, slipped the letter into the post-office, and came back through heavy rain, with streaming garments, but with a relieved heart.

heavy rain - une forte pluie

garments - vetements, vetement

The succeeding week seemed long: it came to an end at last, however, like all sublunary things, and once more, towards the close of a pleasant autumn day, I found myself afoot on the road to Lowton.

sublunary - sublunaire

afoot - a l'ouvre, a pied, debout, en cours

A picturesque track it was, by the way; lying along the side of the beck and through the sweetest curves of the dale: but that day I thought more of the letters, that might or might not be awaiting me at the little burgh whither I was bound, than of the charms of lea and water.

curves - courbes, courbe, courber

awaiting - en attente, attendre, s'attendre a, servir, guetter

burgh - burgh

whither - ou

charms - des breloques, charme

lea - vestibule

My ostensible errand on this occasion was to get measured for a pair of shoes; so I discharged that business first, and when it was done, I stepped across the clean and quiet little street from the shoemaker's to the post-office: it was kept by an old dame, who wore horn spectacles on her nose, and black mittens on her hands.

ostensible - ostensible

errand - course, commission

Shoemaker - shoemaker, cordonnier, cordonniere

spectacles - lunettes, spectacle

mittens - des moufles, moufle, mitaine

"Are there any letters for J.E.?" I asked.

She peered at me over her spectacles, and then she opened a drawer and fumbled among its contents for a long time, so long that my hopes began to falter. At last, having held a document before her glasses for nearly five minutes, she presented it across the counter, accompanying the act by another inquisitive and mistrustful glance-it was for J.E.

peered - regardé, pair

fumbled - a trébuché, tâtonner

falter - faiblir, vaciller

counter - compteur, numérateur, jeton

accompanying - accompagnant, accompagner

mistrustful - méfiant

"Is there only one?" I demanded.

"There are no more," said she; and I put it in my pocket and turned my face homeward: I could not open it then; rules obliged me to be back by eight, and it was already half-past seven.

homeward - en direction de la maison

Various duties awaited me on my arrival. I had to sit with the girls during their hour of study; then it was my turn to read prayers; to see them to bed: afterwards I supped with the other teachers.

Even when we finally retired for the night, the inevitable Miss Gryce was still my companion: we had only a short end of candle in our candlestick, and I dreaded lest she should talk till it was all burnt out; fortunately, however, the heavy supper she had eaten produced a soporific effect: she was already snoring before I had finished undressing.

inevitable - inévitable

candlestick - chandelier

burnt out - épuisé

soporific - somnifere, soporifique

snoring - ronflement, (snore), ronfler

undressing - se déshabiller, déshabillant, (undress), déshabiller

There still remained an inch of candle: I now took out my letter; the seal was an initial F.; I broke it; the contents were brief.

inch - pouce

seal - sceau

initial - initial, lettrine, initiale, premiere lettre, parapher

"If J.E., who advertised in the ---shire Herald of last Thursday, possesses the acquirements mentioned, and if she is in a position to give satisfactory references as to character and competency, a situation can be offered her where there is but one pupil, a little girl, under ten years of age; and where the salary is thirty pounds per annum. J.E.

satisfactory - satisfaisante, satisfaisant

references - références, référence, recommandation

competency - compétences, compétence

per annum - par an

is requested to send references, name, address, and all particulars to the direction:-

"Mrs. Fairfax, Thornfield, near Millcote, ---shire."

I examined the document long: the writing was old-fashioned and rather uncertain, like that of an elderly lady. This circumstance was satisfactory: a private fear had haunted me, that in thus acting for myself, and by my own guidance, I ran the risk of getting into some scrape; and, above all things, I wished the result of my endeavours to be respectable, proper, en rčgle.

old-fashioned - (old-fashioned) Démodé

Risk - risque

endeavours - des efforts, s'efforcer (de)

proper - appropriée, approprié, convenable, exact, juste, propre

rčgle - regle

I now felt that an elderly lady was no bad ingredient in the business I had on hand. Mrs. Fairfax! I saw her in a black gown and widow's cap; frigid, perhaps, but not uncivil: a model of elderly English respectability. Thornfield! that, doubtless, was the name of her house: a neat orderly spot, I was sure; though I failed in my efforts to conceive a correct plan of the premises.

ingredient - ingrédient

widow - veuve

frigid - frigide

uncivil - incivilités

respectability - respectabilité

orderly - ordonné, planton

conceive - concevoir, tomber enceinte

premises - locaux, prémisse, local

Millcote, ---shire; I brushed up my recollections of the map of England, yes, I saw it; both the shire and the town. ---shire was seventy miles nearer London than the remote county where I now resided: that was a recommendation to me.

resided - a résidé, habiter, résider, demeurer

I longed to go where there was life and movement: Millcote was a large manufacturing town on the banks of the A-; a busy place enough, doubtless: so much the better; it would be a complete change at least. Not that my fancy was much captivated by the idea of long chimneys and clouds of smoke-"but," I argued, "Thornfield will, probably, be a good way from the town."

captivated - captivé, captiver

chimneys - les cheminées, cheminée

Here the socket of the candle dropped, and the wick went out.

socket - la prise, prise, douille, orbite (for the eye), cavité

wick - meche

Next day new steps were to be taken; my plans could no longer be confined to my own breast; I must impart them in order to achieve their success.

confined - confiné, confiner, limite

impart - donner, communiquer, transmettre

Having sought and obtained an audience of the superintendent during the noontide recreation, I told her I had a prospect of getting a new situation where the salary would be double what I now received (for at Lowood I only got Ł15 per annum); and requested she would break the matter for me to Mr.

noontide - midi

Brocklehurst, or some of the committee, and ascertain whether they would permit me to mention them as references. She obligingly consented to act as mediatrix in the matter. The next day she laid the affair before Mr. Brocklehurst, who said that Mrs. Reed must be written to, as she was my natural guardian.

obligingly - avec bienveillance

mediatrix - mediatrix

affair - affaire, aventure, liaison

guardian - gardien, tuteur, tutrice, curateur, curatrice

A note was accordingly addressed to that lady, who returned for answer, that "I might do as I pleased: she had long relinquished all interference in my affairs.

affairs - affaires, aventure, liaison

" This note went the round of the committee, and at last, after what appeared to me most tedious delay, formal leave was given me to better my condition if I could; and an assurance added, that as I had always conducted myself well, both as teacher and pupil, at Lowood, a testimonial of character and capacity, signed by the inspectors of that institution, should forthwith be furnished me.

tedious - fastidieux, laborieux

assurance - l'assurance, assurance, culot

furnished - meublé, meubler, fournir, livrer

This testimonial I accordingly received in about a month, forwarded a copy of it to Mrs. Fairfax, and got that lady's reply, stating that she was satisfied, and fixing that day fortnight as the period for my assuming the post of governess in her house.

I now busied myself in preparations: the fortnight passed rapidly. I had not a very large wardrobe, though it was adequate to my wants; and the last day sufficed to pack my trunk,-the same I had brought with me eight years ago from Gateshead.

adequate - adéquat

sufficed - suffisent, suffire, suffire 2, fr

The box was corded, the card nailed on. In half-an-hour the carrier was to call for it to take it to Lowton, whither I myself was to repair at an early hour the next morning to meet the coach.

nailed on - cloué sur

carrier - transporteur, porteuse

I had brushed my black stuff travelling-dress, prepared my bonnet, gloves, and muff; sought in all my drawers to see that no article was left behind; and now having nothing more to do, I sat down and tried to rest. I could not; though I had been on foot all day, I could not now repose an instant; I was too much excited.

gloves - gants, gant

muff - muff

A phase of my life was closing to-night, a new one opening to-morrow: impossible to slumber in the interval; I must watch feverishly while the change was being accomplished.

slumber - sommeil, somnolence, somnoler

feverishly - fébrilement

"Miss," said a servant who met me in the lobby, where I was wandering like a troubled spirit, "a person below wishes to see you."

lobby - lobby, hall

"The carrier, no doubt," I thought, and ran downstairs without inquiry. I was passing the back-parlour or teachers'sitting-room, the door of which was half open, to go to the kitchen, when some one ran out-

sitting-room - (sitting-room) le salon

half open - a moitié ouvert

"It's her, I am sure!-I could have told her anywhere!" cried the individual who stopped my progress and took my hand.

I looked: I saw a woman attired like a well-dressed servant, matronly, yet still young; very good-looking, with black hair and eyes, and lively complexion.

"Well, who is it?" she asked, in a voice and with a smile I half recognised; "you've not quite forgotten me, I think, Miss Jane?"

In another second I was embracing and kissing her rapturously: "Bessie! Bessie! Bessie!" that was all I said; whereat she half laughed, half cried, and we both went into the parlour. By the fire stood a little fellow of three years old, in plaid frock and trousers.

embracing - embrasser, étreindre, accolade

kissing - s'embrasser, (s')embrasser

rapturously - avec enthousiasme

whereat - pourquoi, a quoi

"That is my little boy," said Bessie directly.

"Then you are married, Bessie?"

"Yes; nearly five years since to Robert Leaven, the coachman; and I've a little girl besides Bobby there, that I've christened Jane."

Robert - robert

Leaven - le levain, levain, ferment, faire lever, faire fermenter

christened - baptisé, baptiser, nommer

"And you don't live at Gateshead?"

"I live at the lodge: the old porter has left."

"Well, and how do they all get on? Tell me everything about them, Bessie: but sit down first; and, Bobby, come and sit on my knee, will you?" but Bobby preferred sidling over to his mother.

sidling - sidling, se faufiler

"You're not grown so very tall, Miss Jane, nor so very stout," continued Mrs. Leaven. "I dare say they've not kept you too well at school: Miss Reed is the head and shoulders taller than you are; and Miss Georgiana would make two of you in breadth."

"Georgiana is handsome, I suppose, Bessie?"

"Very. She went up to London last winter with her mama, and there everybody admired her, and a young lord fell in love with her: but his relations were against the match; and-what do you think?-he and Miss Georgiana made it up to run away; but they were found out and stopped.

It was Miss Reed that found them out: I believe she was envious; and now she and her sister lead a cat and dog life together; they are always quarrelling-"

envious - envieux

lead - du plomb

"Well, and what of John Reed?"

"Oh, he is not doing so well as his mama could wish. He went to college, and he got-plucked, I think they call it: and then his uncles wanted him to be a barrister, and study the law: but he is such a dissipated young man, they will never make much of him, I think."

plucked - plumé, tirer, pincer, plumer, voler, abats-p, persévérance

barrister - avocat, avocate

"What does he look like?"

"He is very tall: some people call him a fine-looking young man; but he has such thick lips."

thick lips - des levres épaisses

"And Mrs. Reed?"

"Missis looks stout and well enough in the face, but I think she's not quite easy in her mind: Mr. John's conduct does not please her-he spends a deal of money."

"Did she send you here, Bessie?"

"No, indeed: but I have long wanted to see you, and when I heard that there had been a letter from you, and that you were going to another part of the country, I thought I'd just set off, and get a look at you before you were quite out of my reach."

"I am afraid you are disappointed in me, Bessie." I said this laughing: I perceived that Bessie's glance, though it expressed regard, did in no shape denote admiration.

disappointed - déçue, décevoir, désappointer

denote - dénote, dénoter, indiquer, marquer, signifier

"No, Miss Jane, not exactly: you are genteel enough; you look like a lady, and it is as much as ever I expected of you: you were no beauty as a child."

I smiled at Bessie's frank answer: I felt that it was correct, but I confess I was not quite indifferent to its import: at eighteen most people wish to please, and the conviction that they have not an exterior likely to second that desire brings anything but gratification.

confess - avouer, confesser

"I dare say you are clever, though," continued Bessie, by way of solace. "What can you do? Can you play on the piano?"

"A little."

There was one in the room; Bessie went and opened it, and then asked me to sit down and give her a tune: I played a waltz or two, and she was charmed.

tune - l'accord, mélodie, air, tube, accorder, syntoniser

waltz - valse, valser

charmed - charmé, charme

"The Miss Reeds could not play as well!" said she exultingly. "I always said you would surpass them in learning: and can you draw?"

exultingly - avec exaltation

surpass - surpasser, dépasser, excéder

"That is one of my paintings over the chimney-piece." It was a landscape in water colours, of which I had made a present to the superintendent, in acknowledgment of her obliging mediation with the committee on my behalf, and which she had framed and glazed.

landscape - paysage

obliging - obligeant, imposer, obliger, rendre service

"Well, that is beautiful, Miss Jane! It is as fine a picture as any Miss Reed's drawing-master could paint, let alone the young ladies themselves, who could not come near it: and have you learnt French?"

come near - s'approcher

"Yes, Bessie, I can both read it and speak it."

"And you can work on muslin and canvas?"

canvas - toile, canevas

"I can."

"Oh, you are quite a lady, Miss Jane! I knew you would be: you will get on whether your relations notice you or not. There was something I wanted to ask you. Have you ever heard anything from your father's kinsfolk, the Eyres?"

kinsfolk - parents

"Never in my life."

"Well, you know Missis always said they were poor and quite despicable: and they may be poor; but I believe they are as much gentry as the Reeds are; for one day, nearly seven years ago, a Mr.

despicable - abject, détestable, méprisable

gentry - gentry

Eyre came to Gateshead and wanted to see you; Missis said you were at school fifty miles off; he seemed so much disappointed, for he could not stay: he was going on a voyage to a foreign country, and the ship was to sail from London in a day or two. He looked quite a gentleman, and I believe he was your father's brother."

"What foreign country was he going to, Bessie?"

"An island thousands of miles off, where they make wine-the butler did tell me-"

"Madeira?" I suggested.

Madeira - madere, Madere

"Yes, that is it-that is the very word."

"So he went?"

"Yes; he did not stay many minutes in the house: Missis was very high with him; she called him afterwards a 'sneaking tradesman.' My Robert believes he was a wine-merchant."

tradesman - artisan

merchant - marchand, marchande

"Very likely," I returned; "or perhaps clerk or agent to a wine-merchant."

clerk - greffier

Bessie and I conversed about old times an hour longer, and then she was obliged to leave me: I saw her again for a few minutes the next morning at Lowton, while I was waiting for the coach.

We parted finally at the door of the Brocklehurst Arms there: each went her separate way; she set off for the brow of Lowood Fell to meet the conveyance which was to take her back to Gateshead, I mounted the vehicle which was to bear me to new duties and a new life in the unknown environs of Millcote.


A new chapter in a novel is something like a new scene in a play; and when I draw up the curtain this time, reader, you must fancy you see a room in the George Inn at Millcote, with such large figured papering on the walls as inn rooms have; such a carpet, such furniture, such ornaments on the mantelpiece, such prints, including a portrait of George the Third, and another of the Prince of Wales, and a representation of the death of Wolfe. All this is visible to you by the light of an oil lamp hanging from the ceiling, and by that of an excellent fire, near which I sit in my cloak and bonnet; my muff and umbrella lie on the table, and I am warming away the numbness and chill contracted by sixteen hours'exposure to the rawness of an October day: I left Lowton at four o'clock a.m., and the Millcote town clock is now just striking eight.

draw up - rédiger

George - george, Georges, Jorioz

mantelpiece - tablette de cheminée

portrait - portrait

prince - prince

Wales - pays de galles

representation - représentation

hanging - suspension, (hang) suspension

numbness - l'engourdissement, engourdissement

contracted - sous contrat, contracter

exposure - l'exposition, exposition

rawness - rudesse

Reader, though I look comfortably accommodated, I am not very tranquil in my mind. I thought when the coach stopped here there would be some one to meet me; I looked anxiously round as I descended the wooden steps the "boots" placed for my convenience, expecting to hear my name pronounced, and to see some description of carriage waiting to convey me to Thornfield.

accommodated - accommodé, héberger, accommoder, s'accommoder

anxiously - avec anxiété, anxieusement

convenience - la commodité, convenance, commodité, avantage, commodités

convey - transmettre, transporter, véhiculer, communiquer

Nothing of the sort was visible; and when I asked a waiter if any one had been to inquire after a Miss Eyre, I was answered in the negative: so I had no resource but to request to be shown into a private room: and here I am waiting, while all sorts of doubts and fears are troubling my thoughts.

inquire after - demander apres

doubts - des doutes, douter, doute

It is a very strange sensation to inexperienced youth to feel itself quite alone in the world, cut adrift from every connection, uncertain whether the port to which it is bound can be reached, and prevented by many impediments from returning to that it has quitted.

inexperienced - inexpérimenté

youth - la jeunesse, jeunesse, jeune, jeune homme, les jeunes

adrift - a la dérive, a la dérive

impediments - des obstacles, empechement, irritant, entrave

The charm of adventure sweetens that sensation, the glow of pride warms it; but then the throb of fear disturbs it; and fear with me became predominant when half-an-hour elapsed and still I was alone. I bethought myself to ring the bell.

sweetens - édulcore, adoucir

glow - l'éclat, briller, luire, irradier, lueur, éclat

disturbs - dérange, déranger, perturber, gener

predominant - prédominant

ring - anneau, cerne, ring, tinter

"Is there a place in this neighbourhood called Thornfield?" I asked of the waiter who answered the summons.

"Thornfield? I don't know, ma'am; I'll inquire at the bar." He vanished, but reappeared instantly-

reappeared - réapparaît, réapparaître

"Is your name Eyre, Miss?"


"Person here waiting for you."

I jumped up, took my muff and umbrella, and hastened into the inn-passage: a man was standing by the open door, and in the lamp-lit street I dimly saw a one-horse conveyance.

"This will be your luggage, I suppose?" said the man rather abruptly when he saw me, pointing to my trunk in the passage.

luggage - bagages, bagage

"Yes." He hoisted it on to the vehicle, which was a sort of car, and then I got in; before he shut me up, I asked him how far it was to Thornfield.

"A matter of six miles."

"How long shall we be before we get there?"

"Happen an hour and a half."

He fastened the car door, climbed to his own seat outside, and we set off. Our progress was leisurely, and gave me ample time to reflect; I was content to be at length so near the end of my journey; and as I leaned back in the comfortable though not elegant conveyance, I meditated much at my ease.

car door - la porte de la voiture

leisurely - tranquillement

reflect - refléter, réfléchir, se refléter, suivre

meditated - médité, méditer

"I suppose," thought I, "judging from the plainness of the servant and carriage, Mrs. Fairfax is not a very dashing person: so much the better; I never lived amongst fine people but once, and I was very miserable with them.

judging - juger

dashing - fringant, tiret, trait, ta, sprint, soupçon, se précipiter

I wonder if she lives alone except this little girl; if so, and if she is in any degree amiable, I shall surely be able to get on with her; I will do my best; it is a pity that doing one's best does not always answer. At Lowood, indeed, I took that resolution, kept it, and succeeded in pleasing; but with Mrs. Reed, I remember my best was always spurned with scorn. I pray God Mrs.

resolution - conviction, résolution, détermination

Pray - prier, prions, priez, prient

Fairfax may not turn out a second Mrs. Reed; but if she does, I am not bound to stay with her! let the worst come to the worst, I can advertise again. How far are we on our road now, I wonder?"

I let down the window and looked out; Millcote was behind us; judging by the number of its lights, it seemed a place of considerable magnitude, much larger than Lowton. We were now, as far as I could see, on a sort of common; but there were houses scattered all over the district; I felt we were in a different region to Lowood, more populous, less picturesque; more stirring, less romantic.

let down - déçu

magnitude - ampleur, grandeur, module, magnitude

district - district, checkrégion

populous - populeux

romantic - romantique

The roads were heavy, the night misty; my conductor let his horse walk all the way, and the hour and a half extended, I verily believe, to two hours; at last he turned in his seat and said-

conductor - chef d'orchestre, contrôleur, poinçonneur (ancient, in bus)

verily - en vérité, vraiment, véritablement, sans aucun doute

"You're noan so far fro'Thornfield now."

Again I looked out: we were passing a church; I saw its low broad tower against the sky, and its bell was tolling a quarter; I saw a narrow galaxy of lights too, on a hillside, marking a village or hamlet. About ten minutes after, the driver got down and opened a pair of gates: we passed through, and they clashed to behind us.

tolling - le péage, sonner

galaxy - galaxie

hillside - colline, flanc de coteau

hamlet - hameau

clashed - se sont heurtés, fracas, cliquetis, échauffourée, escarmouche

We now slowly ascended a drive, and came upon the long front of a house: candlelight gleamed from one curtained bow-window; all the rest were dark. The car stopped at the front door; it was opened by a maid-servant; I alighted and went in.

ascended - ascensionné, monter

curtained - rideau

bow - l'arc, arc

"Will you walk this way, ma'am?" said the girl; and I followed her across a square hall with high doors all round: she ushered me into a room whose double illumination of fire and candle at first dazzled me, contrasting as it did with the darkness to which my eyes had been for two hours inured; when I could see, however, a cosy and agreeable picture presented itself to my view.

ushered - huissier, ouvreur, escorte, garçon d'honneur, escorter

illumination - l'éclairage, illumination, enluminure

contrasting - contrastées, contraste, contraster

Inured - inhabitué, endurcir, aguerrir, habituer, prendre effet

cosy - douillet, douillette, peinard

A snug small room; a round table by a cheerful fire; an arm-chair high-backed and old-fashioned, wherein sat the neatest imaginable little elderly lady, in widow's cap, black silk gown, and snowy muslin apron; exactly like what I had fancied Mrs. Fairfax, only less stately and milder looking.

snug - serré, confortable, douillet

small room - petite piece

neatest - le plus beau, propre, bien tenu

imaginable - imaginable

apron - tablier, tarmac, piste

fancied - aimée, envie, caprice

milder - plus doux, doux, douce, léger

She was occupied in knitting; a large cat sat demurely at her feet; nothing in short was wanting to complete the beau-ideal of domestic comfort. A more reassuring introduction for a new governess could scarcely be conceived; there was no grandeur to overwhelm, no stateliness to embarrass; and then, as I entered, the old lady got up and promptly and kindly came forward to meet me.

knitting - tricotage, tricot, (knit), tricoter, souder, unir, se souder

demurely - avec pudeur

domestic - domestique, amily, intérieur

reassuring - rassurant, tranquilliser, rassurer, réassurer

conceived - conçu, concevoir, tomber enceinte

overwhelm - l'écrasement, abreuver, accabler, envahir

stateliness - l'état d'esprit

embarrass - gener, embarrasser, gener

"How do you do, my dear? I am afraid you have had a tedious ride; John drives so slowly; you must be cold, come to the fire."

be cold - etre froid

"Mrs. Fairfax, I suppose?" said I.

"Yes, you are right: do sit down."

She conducted me to her own chair, and then began to remove my shawl and untie my bonnet-strings; I begged she would not give herself so much trouble.

Untie - détacher, délier

"Oh, it is no trouble; I dare say your own hands are almost numbed with cold. Leah, make a little hot negus and cut a sandwich or two: here are the keys of the storeroom."

negus - Négus

storeroom - réserve, magasin, débarras

And she produced from her pocket a most housewifely bunch of keys, and delivered them to the servant.

housewifely - femme au foyer

bunch of keys - un trousseau de clés

"Now, then, draw nearer to the fire," she continued. "You've brought your luggage with you, haven't you, my dear?"

"Yes, ma'am."

"I'll see it carried into your room," she said, and bustled out.

bustled - s'est affairé, affairement, branlebas, remue-ménage, agitation

"She treats me like a visitor," thought I. "I little expected such a reception; I anticipated only coldness and stiffness: this is not like what I have heard of the treatment of governesses; but I must not exult too soon."

treats - des friandises, négocier, traiter, régaler

anticipated - anticipée, anticiper, prévoir

stiffness - rigidité, raideur, inflexibilité

governesses - gouvernantes, gouvernante, gouverneuse

She returned; with her own hands cleared her knitting apparatus and a book or two from the table, to make room for the tray which Leah now brought, and then herself handed me the refreshments.

apparatus - l'appareil, appareil

I felt rather confused at being the object of more attention than I had ever before received, and, that too, shown by my employer and superior; but as she did not herself seem to consider she was doing anything out of her place, I thought it better to take her civilities quietly.

superior - supérieur

civilities - civilités, politesse

"Shall I have the pleasure of seeing Miss Fairfax to-night?" I asked, when I had partaken of what she offered me.

partaken - participé, participer

"What did you say, my dear? I am a little deaf," returned the good lady, approaching her ear to my mouth.

I repeated the question more distinctly.

"Miss Fairfax? Oh, you mean Miss Varens! Varens is the name of your future pupil."

"Indeed! Then she is not your daughter?"

"No,-I have no family."

I should have followed up my first inquiry, by asking in what way Miss Varens was connected with her; but I recollected it was not polite to ask too many questions: besides, I was sure to hear in time.

recollected - rappelée, se souvenir de

polite to - Poli envers

"I am so glad," she continued, as she sat down opposite to me, and took the cat on her knee; "I am so glad you are come; it will be quite pleasant living here now with a companion.

To be sure it is pleasant at any time; for Thornfield is a fine old hall, rather neglected of late years perhaps, but still it is a respectable place; yet you know in winter-time one feels dreary quite alone in the best quarters.

I say alone-Leah is a nice girl to be sure, and John and his wife are very decent people; but then you see they are only servants, and one can't converse with them on terms of equality: one must keep them at due distance, for fear of losing one's authority.

decent - integre, décent, substantiel

I'm sure last winter (it was a very severe one, if you recollect, and when it did not snow, it rained and blew), not a creature but the butcher and postman came to the house, from November till February; and I really got quite melancholy with sitting night after night alone; I had Leah in to read to me sometimes; but I don't think the poor girl liked the task much: she felt it confining.

recollect - se souvenir, se ressaisir

butcher - boucher, charcutier, abattre, (butch), hommasse

postman - facteur, préposé

confining - confinant, confiner, limite

In spring and summer one got on better: sunshine and long days make such a difference; and then, just at the commencement of this autumn, little Adela Varens came and her nurse: a child makes a house alive all at once; and now you are here I shall be quite gay."

My heart really warmed to the worthy lady as I heard her talk; and I drew my chair a little nearer to her, and expressed my sincere wish that she might find my company as agreeable as she anticipated.

"But I'll not keep you sitting up late to-night," said she; "it is on the stroke of twelve now, and you have been travelling all day: you must feel tired. If you have got your feet well warmed, I'll show you your bedroom.

sitting up - assis

stroke - accident vasculaire cérébral, caresser

I've had the room next to mine prepared for you; it is only a small apartment, but I thought you would like it better than one of the large front chambers: to be sure they have finer furniture, but they are so dreary and solitary, I never sleep in them myself."

I thanked her for her considerate choice, and as I really felt fatigued with my long journey, expressed my readiness to retire. She took her candle, and I followed her from the room. First she went to see if the hall-door was fastened; having taken the key from the lock, she led the way upstairs.

considerate - attentionné

fatigued - fatigué, fatigue, épuisement, corvée, fatiguer

readiness - l'état de préparation, préparation

The steps and banisters were of oak; the staircase window was high and latticed; both it and the long gallery into which the bedroom doors opened looked as if they belonged to a church rather than a house.

banisters - les rampes d'escalier, rampe, balustre

A very chill and vault-like air pervaded the stairs and gallery, suggesting cheerless ideas of space and solitude; and I was glad, when finally ushered into my chamber, to find it of small dimensions, and furnished in ordinary, modern style.

cheerless - sans joie

dimensions - dimensions, dimension

When Mrs. Fairfax had bidden me a kind good-night, and I had fastened my door, gazed leisurely round, and in some measure effaced the eerie impression made by that wide hall, that dark and spacious staircase, and that long, cold gallery, by the livelier aspect of my little room, I remembered that, after a day of bodily fatigue and mental anxiety, I was now at last in safe haven.

bidden - interdites, faire une enchere (de)

little room - petite piece

The impulse of gratitude swelled my heart, and I knelt down at the bedside, and offered up thanks where thanks were due; not forgetting, ere I rose, to implore aid on my further path, and the power of meriting the kindness which seemed so frankly offered me before it was earned. My couch had no thorns in it that night; my solitary room no fears.

gratitude - la gratitude, gratitude

knelt - a genoux, agenouiller

bedside - au chevet du malade

meriting - mériter, mérite

frankly - franchement

couch - canapé, divan

At once weary and content, I slept soon and soundly: when I awoke it was broad day.

The chamber looked such a bright little place to me as the sun shone in between the gay blue chintz window curtains, showing papered walls and a carpeted floor, so unlike the bare planks and stained plaster of Lowood, that my spirits rose at the view.

little place - petit endroit

chintz - chintz

carpeted floor - Moquette

unlike - contrairement a, différent

planks - des planches, planche, gainage

stained - taché, tache, souillure, colorant, tacher, entacher, colorer

plaster - le plâtre, onguent, plâtre, enduit, enduire, plâtrer

Externals have a great effect on the young: I thought that a fairer era of life was beginning for me, one that was to have its flowers and pleasures, as well as its thorns and toils. My faculties, roused by the change of scene, the new field offered to hope, seemed all astir.

externals - externes, externe

era - l'époque, ere, période, époque

pleasures - plaisirs, plaisir, volupté, désir

toils - labeur, travailler

astir - en éveil

I cannot precisely define what they expected, but it was something pleasant: not perhaps that day or that month, but at an indefinite future period.

define - déterminer, définir

I rose; I dressed myself with care: obliged to be plain-for I had no article of attire that was not made with extreme simplicity-I was still by nature solicitous to be neat. It was not my habit to be disregardful of appearance or careless of the impression I made: on the contrary, I ever wished to look as well as I could, and to please as much as my want of beauty would permit.

simplicity - la simplicité, simplicité

solicitous - sollicitante

disregardful - sans tenir compte des autres

I sometimes regretted that I was not handsomer; I sometimes wished to have rosy cheeks, a straight nose, and small cherry mouth; I desired to be tall, stately, and finely developed in figure; I felt it a misfortune that I was so little, so pale, and had features so irregular and so marked. And why had I these aspirations and these regrets?

handsomer - plus beau, beau

rosy - rose

finely - finement

misfortune - malchance, mésaventure, malheur

regrets - des regrets, regretter, regret

It would be difficult to say: I could not then distinctly say it to myself; yet I had a reason, and a logical, natural reason too. However, when I had brushed my hair very smooth, and put on my black frock-which, Quakerlike as it was, at least had the merit of fitting to a nicety-and adjusted my clean white tucker, I thought I should do respectably enough to appear before Mrs.

logical - logique

nicety - nicety, délicatesse, subtilité

respectably - respectueusement

Fairfax, and that my new pupil would not at least recoil from me with antipathy. Having opened my chamber window, and seen that I left all things straight and neat on the toilet table, I ventured forth.

recoil - recul, reculer

Traversing the long and matted gallery, I descended the slippery steps of oak; then I gained the hall: I halted there a minute; I looked at some pictures on the walls (one, I remember, represented a grim man in a cuirass, and one a lady with powdered hair and a pearl necklace), at a bronze lamp pendent from the ceiling, at a great clock whose case was of oak curiously carved, and ebon black with time and rubbing. Everything appeared very stately and imposing to me; but then I was so little accustomed to grandeur. The hall-door, which was half of glass, stood open; I stepped over the threshold. It was a fine autumn morning; the early sun shone serenely on embrowned groves and still green fields; advancing on to the lawn, I looked up and surveyed the front of the mansion. It was three storeys high, of proportions not vast, though considerable: a gentleman's manor-house, not a nobleman's seat: battlements round the top gave it a picturesque look. Its grey front stood out well from the background of a rookery, whose cawing tenants were now on the wing: they flew over the lawn and grounds to alight in a great meadow, from which these were separated by a sunk fence, and where an array of mighty old thorn trees, strong, knotty, and broad as oaks, at once explained the etymology of the mansion's designation. Farther off were hills: not so lofty as those round Lowood, nor so craggy, nor so like barriers of separation from the living world; but yet quiet and lonely hills enough, and seeming to embrace Thornfield with a seclusion I had not expected to find existent so near the stirring locality of Millcote. A little hamlet, whose roofs were blent with trees, straggled up the side of one of these hills; the church of the district stood nearer Thornfield: its old tower-top looked over a knoll between the house and gates.

traversing - la traversée, (traverse), franchir, traverser

matted - maté, (petit) tapis

slippery - glissant

halted - arreté, (s')arreter

cuirass - cuirasse

powdered - en poudre, poudre, réduire en poudre, pulvériser, poudrer

necklace - collier, supplice du pneu

bronze - le bronze, bronze, airain, hâlé, bronzé, tanné (par le soleil)

curiously - curieusement

ebon - ebon

rubbing - le frottement, frottage, froissement, lessivage

stood open - est resté ouvert

threshold - seuil, seuil de tolérance

serenely - sereinement

embrowned - embroché, embrunir

groves - bosquets, bosquet

advancing - l'avancement, élever, avancer, avancée, progression

storeys - étages, étage

proportions - proportions, proportion

Manor - manoir, maison-forte, seigneurie

nobleman - noble

battlements - les créneaux, rempart

cawing - croassement, (caw), croasser

tenants - locataires, (de) locataire

flew over - survoler

alight - s'enflammer, amerrissent, amerris, amerrissons, amerrissez

meadow - prairie, pré

sunk - coulé, enfoncés, enfoncé, enfoncées, enfoncée

fence - clôture, cloison, recéleur, recéleuse, receleur

array - gamme, kyrielle, ribambelle, éventail, tableau

thorn - épine, thorn

oaks - chenes, chene, chenes-p

etymology - étymologie

designation - désignation, indication, appellation

lofty - noble, haut

craggy - escarpé

barriers - barrieres, barriere, limite, frontiere

seclusion - l'isolement, isolement, séclusion

existent - existent, existant

locality - région, quartier, voisinage, localité

blent - blent, mélange, mélanger, meler, mixer

knoll - nid d'abeilles

I was yet enjoying the calm prospect and pleasant fresh air, yet listening with delight to the cawing of the rooks, yet surveying the wide, hoary front of the hall, and thinking what a great place it was for one lonely little dame like Mrs. Fairfax to inhabit, when that lady appeared at the door.

rooks - des bleus, corneille

inhabit - habiter

"What! out already?" said she. "I see you are an early riser." I went up to her, and was received with an affable kiss and shake of the hand.

early riser - leve-tôt

affable - affable, aimable, doux

"How do you like Thornfield?" she asked. I told her I liked it very much.

"Yes," she said, "it is a pretty place; but I fear it will be getting out of order, unless Mr. Rochester should take it into his head to come and reside here permanently; or, at least, visit it rather oftener: great houses and fine grounds require the presence of the proprietor."

reside - habiter, résider, demeurer

require - exiger, demander, avoir besoin de, requérir, nécessiter

Proprietor - propriétaire

"Mr. Rochester!" I exclaimed. "Who is he?"

"The owner of Thornfield," she responded quietly. "Did you not know he was called Rochester?"

Of course I did not-I had never heard of him before; but the old lady seemed to regard his existence as a universally understood fact, with which everybody must be acquainted by instinct.

"I thought," I continued, "Thornfield belonged to you."

"To me? Bless you, child; what an idea! To me! I am only the housekeeper-the manager. To be sure I am distantly related to the Rochesters by the mother's side, or at least my husband was; he was a clergyman, incumbent of Hay-that little village yonder on the hill-and that church near the gates was his. The present Mr.

incumbent - en titre, titulaire

Hay - foin

yonder - la-bas, la-bas

Rochester's mother was a Fairfax, and second cousin to my husband: but I never presume on the connection-in fact, it is nothing to me; I consider myself quite in the light of an ordinary housekeeper: my employer is always civil, and I expect nothing more."

civil - civile, civil

"And the little girl-my pupil!"

"She is Mr. Rochester's ward; he commissioned me to find a governess for her. He intended to have her brought up in ---shire, I believe. Here she comes, with her 'bonne,'as she calls her nurse." The enigma then was explained: this affable and kind little widow was no great dame; but a dependant like myself.

ward - la pupille, salle

bonne - bonne

enigma - énigme

dependant - dépendante

I did not like her the worse for that; on the contrary, I felt better pleased than ever. The equality between her and me was real; not the mere result of condescension on her part: so much the better-my position was all the freer.

condescension - condescendance

As I was meditating on this discovery, a little girl, followed by her attendant, came running up the lawn. I looked at my pupil, who did not at first appear to notice me: she was quite a child, perhaps seven or eight years old, slightly built, with a pale, small-featured face, and a redundancy of hair falling in curls to her waist.

meditating - méditer

running up - en cours d'exécution

redundancy - redondance, chômage économique

"Good morning, Miss Adela," said Mrs. Fairfax. "Come and speak to the lady who is to teach you, and to make you a clever woman some day." She approached.

"C'est ma gouverante!" said she, pointing to me, and addressing her nurse; who answered-

est - est, HNE, STA

- la

gouverante - gouverante

"Mais oui, certainement."

"Are they foreigners?" I inquired, amazed at hearing the French language.

foreigners - étrangers, étranger, étrangere

amazed - stupéfait, stupéfier

"The nurse is a foreigner, and Adela was born on the Continent; and, I believe, never left it till within six months ago. When she first came here she could speak no English; now she can make shift to talk it a little: I don't understand her, she mixes it so with French; but you will make out her meaning very well, I dare say."

shift - changement, quart, équipe, poste, décalage, vitesse

mixes - des mélanges, mélanger

Fortunately I had had the advantage of being taught French by a French lady; and as I had always made a point of conversing with Madame Pierrot as often as I could, and had besides, during the last seven years, learnt a portion of French by heart daily-applying myself to take pains with my accent, and imitating as closely as possible the pronunciation of my teacher, I had acquired a certain degree of readiness and correctness in the language, and was not likely to be much at a loss with Mademoiselle Adela. She came and shook hand with me when she heard that I was her governess; and as I led her in to breakfast, I addressed some phrases to her in her own tongue: she replied briefly at first, but after we were seated at the table, and she had examined me some ten minutes with her large hazel eyes, she suddenly commenced chattering fluently.

conversing - en train de converser, converser

imitating - l'imitation, imiter

correctness - l'exactitude, conformité, exactitude, véracité

Mademoiselle - mademoiselle

briefly - brievement, brievement, concisément

hazel - noisetier, avelinier, noisette

chattering - bavardage, (chatter) bavardage

fluently - couramment

"Ah!" cried she, in French, "you speak my language as well as Mr. Rochester does: I can talk to you as I can to him, and so can Sophie. She will be glad: nobody here understands her: Madame Fairfax is all English. Sophie is my nurse; she came with me over the sea in a great ship with a chimney that smoked-how it did smoke!-and I was sick, and so was Sophie, and so was Mr. Rochester. Mr.

Rochester lay down on a sofa in a pretty room called the salon, and Sophie and I had little beds in another place. I nearly fell out of mine; it was like a shelf. And Mademoiselle-what is your name?"

salon - salon, salon de coiffure, salon de beauté, institut de beauté

another place - un autre endroit

"Eyre-Jane Eyre."

"Aire? Bah! I cannot say it. Well, our ship stopped in the morning, before it was quite daylight, at a great city-a huge city, with very dark houses and all smoky; not at all like the pretty clean town I came from; and Mr.

Aire - Aire

Bah - bah

smoky - enfumé

Rochester carried me in his arms over a plank to the land, and Sophie came after, and we all got into a coach, which took us to a beautiful large house, larger than this and finer, called an hotel.

plank - planche, gainage

We stayed there nearly a week: I and Sophie used to walk every day in a great green place full of trees, called the Park; and there were many children there besides me, and a pond with beautiful birds in it, that I fed with crumbs."

pond - étang, mare

"Can you understand her when she runs on so fast?" asked Mrs. Fairfax.

I understood her very well, for I had been accustomed to the fluent tongue of Madame Pierrot.

fluent - fluide, parler couramment '(be fluent in)'

"I wish," continued the good lady, "you would ask her a question or two about her parents: I wonder if she remembers them?"

"Adčle," I inquired, "with whom did you live when you were in that pretty clean town you spoke of?"

"I lived long ago with mama; but she is gone to the Holy Virgin. Mama used to teach me to dance and sing, and to say verses. A great many gentlemen and ladies came to see mama, and I used to dance before them, or to sit on their knees and sing to them: I liked it. Shall I let you hear me sing now?"

holy - saint, sacré, bénit, checksainte

Virgin - vierge

verses - versets, strophe

She had finished her breakfast, so I permitted her to give a specimen of her accomplishments. descending from her chair, she came and placed herself on my knee; then, folding her little hands demurely before her, shaking back her curls and lifting her eyes to the ceiling, she commenced singing a song from some opera.

specimen - spécimen, exemple

descending from - descendant de

folding - pliant, repliable, rabattable, pliage

opera - l'opéra, opéra, (opus) l'opéra

It was the strain of a forsaken lady, who, after bewailing the perfidy of her lover, calls pride to her aid; desires her attendant to deck her in her brightest jewels and richest robes, and resolves to meet the false one that night at a ball, and prove to him, by the gaiety of her demeanour, how little his desertion has affected her.

strain - souche, accablement

forsaken - abandonné, abandonner, renoncer

bewailing - se lamenter, (bewail), pleurer, déplorer

perfidy - perfidie

lover - amante, amant, maîtresse

desires - désirs, désirer, désir

deck - Le pont

jewels - bijoux, joyau, bijou, pierre d'horlogerie, rubis

robes - robes, robe

Resolves - résout, prendre la résolution de

demeanour - comportement

desertion - désertion

The subject seemed strangely chosen for an infant singer; but I suppose the point of the exhibition lay in hearing the notes of love and jealousy warbled with the lisp of childhood; and in very bad taste that point was: at least I thought so.

exhibition - exposition

jealousy - jalousie, envie

warbled - gauchi, gazouiller

lisp - lisp, zézaiement, zozotement, susseyement, sesseyement

Adčle sang the canzonette tunefully enough, and with the naďveté of her age. This achieved, she jumped from my knee and said, "Now, Mademoiselle, I will repeat you some poetry."

tunefully - avec plaisir

naďveté - naiveté

poetry - de la poésie, poésie

Assuming an attitude, she began, "La Ligue des Rats: fable de La Fontaine." She then declaimed the little piece with an attention to punctuation and emphasis, a flexibility of voice and an appropriateness of gesture, very unusual indeed at her age, and which proved she had been carefully trained.

des - DES

rats - les rats, rat

fable - conte, fable

declaimed - déclamée, déclamer

punctuation - la ponctuation, ponctuation

emphasis - l'accent, accent, emphase, graisse (4)

flexibility - souplesse, flexibilité

"Was it your mama who taught you that piece?" I asked.

"Yes, and she just used to say it in this way: 'Qu'avez vous donc? lui dit un de ces rats; parlez!' She made me lift my hand-so-to remind me to raise my voice at the question. Now shall I dance for you?"

dit - dit

un - un, ONU

ces - ces, EC (ere commune)

"No, that will do: but after your mama went to the Holy Virgin, as you say, with whom did you live then?"

"With Madame Frédéric and her husband: she took care of me, but she is nothing related to me. I think she is poor, for she had not so fine a house as mama. I was not long there. Mr. Rochester asked me if I would like to go and live with him in England, and I said yes; for I knew Mr.

Rochester before I knew Madame Frédéric, and he was always kind to me and gave me pretty dresses and toys: but you see he has not kept his word, for he has brought me to England, and now he is gone back again himself, and I never see him."

After breakfast, Adčle and I withdrew to the library, which room, it appears, Mr. Rochester had directed should be used as the schoolroom. Most of the books were locked up behind glass doors; but there was one bookcase left open containing everything that could be needed in the way of elementary works, and several volumes of light literature, poetry, biography, travels, a few romances, &c.

left open - laissé ouvert

elementary - élémentaire

volumes - volumes, volume, tome

literature - la littérature, littérature

biography - biographie

romances - romans d'amour, romance, idylle, amour romantique

I suppose he had considered that these were all the governess would require for her private perusal; and, indeed, they contented me amply for the present; compared with the scanty pickings I had now and then been able to glean at Lowood, they seemed to offer an abundant harvest of entertainment and information.

amply - amplement

glean - glaner

harvest - la récolte, récolte, moisson, récolter, moissonner, recueillir

In this room, too, there was a cabinet piano, quite new and of superior tone; also an easel for painting and a pair of globes.

cabinet - armoire, cabinet

easel - chevalet

I found my pupil sufficiently docile, though disinclined to apply: she had not been used to regular occupation of any kind. I felt it would be injudicious to confine her too much at first; so, when I had talked to her a great deal, and got her to learn a little, and when the morning had advanced to noon, I allowed her to return to her nurse.

docile - docile

regular occupation - occupation habituelle

injudicious - malveillante

confine - enfermer, confiner, limite

I then proposed to occupy myself till dinner-time in drawing some little sketches for her use.

proposed - proposée, proposer, demander en mariage

occupy - occuper, habiter

sketches - des croquis, croquer, esquisser, esquisse, ébauche

As I was going upstairs to fetch my portfolio and pencils, Mrs. Fairfax called to me: "Your morning school-hours are over now, I suppose," said she. She was in a room the folding-doors of which stood open: I went in when she addressed me.

portfolio - portefeuille, portfolio

folding-doors - (folding-doors) des portes en accordéon

It was a large, stately apartment, with purple chairs and curtains, a Turkey carpet, walnut-panelled walls, one vast window rich in slanted glass, and a lofty ceiling, nobly moulded. Mrs. Fairfax was dusting some vases of fine purple spar, which stood on a sideboard.

turkey - la dinde, dinde, dindon, viande de dinde

walnut - noyer, noix

panelled - lambrissée, panneau, table ronde, case, vignette, , g

slanted - incliné, biais, connotation, bridé, qualifier

nobly - noblement

moulded - moulé, terreau, humus

vases - vases, vase

spar - spar, espar

sideboard - le buffet, buffet

"What a beautiful room!" I exclaimed, as I looked round; for I had never before seen any half so imposing.

"Yes; this is the dining-room. I have just opened the window, to let in a little air and sunshine; for everything gets so damp in apartments that are seldom inhabited; the drawing-room yonder feels like a vault."

dining - dîner

let in - laisser entrer

She pointed to a wide arch corresponding to the window, and hung like it with a Tyrian-dyed curtain, now looped up. Mounting to it by two broad steps, and looking through, I thought I caught a glimpse of a fairy place, so bright to my novice-eyes appeared the view beyond.

arch - arch, dôme

dyed - teintée, (se) teindre

looped - en boucle, boucle, circuit fermé

mounting - montant, monture, ajustage, (mount) montant

Yet it was merely a very pretty drawing-room, and within it a boudoir, both spread with white carpets, on which seemed laid brilliant garlands of flowers; both ceiled with snowy mouldings of white grapes and vine-leaves, beneath which glowed in rich contrast crimson couches and ottomans; while the ornaments on the pale Parian mantelpiece were of sparkling Bohemian glass, ruby red; and between the windows large mirrors repeated the general blending of snow and fire.

merely - simplement, uniquement, seulement

boudoir - boudoir

garlands - des guirlandes, guirlande, rench: -neededr

grapes - le raisin, raisin

vine - vigne, grimpante

contrast - contraste, contraster

couches - canapés, canapé

ottomans - ottomans, divan, ottomane, pouf

Parian - Parian

ruby - rubis

blending - mélange, (blend), mélanger, meler, mixer

"In what order you keep these rooms, Mrs. Fairfax!" said I. "No dust, no canvas coverings: except that the air feels chilly, one would think they were inhabited daily."

"Why, Miss Eyre, though Mr. Rochester's visits here are rare, they are always sudden and unexpected; and as I observed that it put him out to find everything swathed up, and to have a bustle of arrangement on his arrival, I thought it best to keep the rooms in readiness."

rare - rares, rare

unexpected - inattendu

swathed - enrobé, envelopper

bustle - l'agitation, affairement, branlebas, remue-ménage, agitation

"Is Mr. Rochester an exacting, fastidious sort of man?"

fastidious - fastidieux, pointilleux, minutieux, méticuleux, exigeant

"Not particularly so; but he has a gentleman's tastes and habits, and he expects to have things managed in conformity to them."

"Do you like him? Is he generally liked?"

"Oh, yes; the family have always been respected here. Almost all the land in this neighbourhood, as far as you can see, has belonged to the Rochesters time out of mind."

"Well, but, leaving his land out of the question, do you like him? Is he liked for himself?"

"I have no cause to do otherwise than like him; and I believe he is considered a just and liberal landlord by his tenants: but he has never lived much amongst them."

liberal - libéral, large, généreux, de gauche

landlord - propriétaire, patron

"But has he no peculiarities? What, in short, is his character?"

peculiarities - particularités, singularité, bizarrerie, étrangeté

"Oh! his character is unimpeachable, I suppose. He is rather peculiar, perhaps: he has travelled a great deal, and seen a great deal of the world, I should think. I dare say he is clever, but I never had much conversation with him."

unimpeachable - irréprochable

peculiar - particulier, extraordinaire, bizarre, curieux

"In what way is he peculiar?"

"I don't know-it is not easy to describe-nothing striking, but you feel it when he speaks to you; you cannot be always sure whether he is in jest or earnest, whether he is pleased or the contrary; you don't thoroughly understand him, in short-at least, I don't: but it is of no consequence, he is a very good master."

jest - jest, plaisanter

consequence - conséquence

This was all the account I got from Mrs. Fairfax of her employer and mine. There are people who seem to have no notion of sketching a character, or observing and describing salient points, either in persons or things: the good lady evidently belonged to this class; my queries puzzled, but did not draw her out. Mr. Rochester was Mr.

sketching - le croquis, croquer, esquisser, esquisse, ébauche

observing - l'observation, observer, remarquer, respecter, garder

salient - important, pertinent, saillant, saillie

queries - des questions, question, requete

Rochester in her eyes; a gentleman, a landed proprietor-nothing more: she inquired and searched no further, and evidently wondered at my wish to gain a more definite notion of his identity.

identity - l'identité, identité

When we left the dining-room, she proposed to show me over the rest of the house; and I followed her upstairs and downstairs, admiring as I went; for all was well arranged and handsome. The large front chambers I thought especially grand: and some of the third-storey rooms, though dark and low, were interesting from their air of antiquity.

grand - grand, grandiose

storey - étage

antiquity - l'antiquité, Antiquité

The furniture once appropriated to the lower apartments had from time to time been removed here, as fashions changed: and the imperfect light entering by their narrow casement showed bedsteads of a hundred years old; chests in oak or walnut, looking, with their strange carvings of palm branches and cherubs'heads, like types of the Hebrew ark; rows of venerable chairs, high-backed and narrow; stools still more antiquated, on whose cushioned tops were yet apparent traces of half-effaced embroideries, wrought by fingers that for two generations had been coffin-dust. All these relics gave to the third storey of Thornfield Hall the aspect of a home of the past: a shrine of memory. I liked the hush, the gloom, the quaintness of these retreats in the day; but I by no means coveted a night's repose on one of those wide and heavy beds: shut in, some of them, with doors of oak; shaded, others, with wrought old English hangings crusted with thick work, portraying effigies of strange flowers, and stranger birds, and strangest human beings,-all which would have looked strange, indeed, by the pallid gleam of moonlight.

appropriated - appropriée, approprié, idoine, approprier

bedsteads - les châlits, châlit

chests - coffres, poitrine

carvings - des sculptures, gravure, sculpture, découpage, sculpture de bois

palm - palmier, paume

Cherubs - les chérubins, chérubin

Hebrew - l'hébreu, hébreu, hébraique

ark - arche

apparent - apparente, apparent, visible, manifeste, criant, évident

embroideries - broderies, broderie

generations - générations, génération, création

shrine - sanctuaire, lieu saint, châsse

quaintness - pittoresque

retreats - retraites, battre en retraite

coveted - convoitée, convoiter, désirer, guigner

shaded - ombragée, ombre, store, nuance, ton, esprit

crusted - en croute, croute, écorce

portraying - représenter, dépeindre, portraire, décrire

effigies - effigies, effigie

pallid - pâle, blafard

"Do the servants sleep in these rooms?" I asked.

"No; they occupy a range of smaller apartments to the back; no one ever sleeps here: one would almost say that, if there were a ghost at Thornfield Hall, this would be its haunt."

haunt - hanter, demeurer, point de rencontre

"So I think: you have no ghost, then?"

"None that I ever heard of," returned Mrs. Fairfax, smiling.

"Nor any traditions of one? no legends or ghost stories?"

legends - légendes, légende

ghost stories - des histoires de fantômes

"I believe not. And yet it is said the Rochesters have been rather a violent than a quiet race in their time: perhaps, though, that is the reason they rest tranquilly in their graves now."

tranquilly - tranquillement

"Yes-'after life's fitful fever they sleep well,'" I muttered. "Where are you going now, Mrs. Fairfax?" for she was moving away.

fitful - irréguliere, irrégulier, sporadique

"On to the leads; will you come and see the view from thence?" I followed still, up a very narrow staircase to the attics, and thence by a ladder and through a trap-door to the roof of the hall. I was now on a level with the crow colony, and could see into their nests.

leads - des pistes, conduire, mener

attics - les greniers, grenier, combles-p, mansarde

ladder - l'échelle, échelle

trap-door - (trap-door) une trappe

crow - corbeau, corneille

colony - colonie

Leaning over the battlements and looking far down, I surveyed the grounds laid out like a map: the bright and velvet lawn closely girdling the grey base of the mansion; the field, wide as a park, dotted with its ancient timber; the wood, dun and sere, divided by a path visibly overgrown, greener with moss than the trees were with foliage; the church at the gates, the road, the tranquil hills, all reposing in the autumn day's sun; the horizon bounded by a propitious sky, azure, marbled with pearly white. No feature in the scene was extraordinary, but all was pleasing. When I turned from it and repassed the trap-door, I could scarcely see my way down the ladder; the attic seemed black as a vault compared with that arch of blue air to which I had been looking up, and to that sunlit scene of grove, pasture, and green hill, of which the hall was the centre, and over which I had been gazing with delight.

dotted - en pointillés, point

timber - le bois, bois de construction

dun - dun

sere - sere

visibly - visiblement

reposing - reposant, repos

Propitious - favorable, propice, avantageux, de bonne augure

Azure - l'azur, azur

marbled - marbré, marbre, bille, grillot, marbrer

pearly - nacré

trap - piege

sunlit - ensoleillé

pasture - pâture, pâturage, pré, prairie

gazing - regarder, fixer

Mrs. Fairfax stayed behind a moment to fasten the trap-door; I, by drift of groping, found the outlet from the attic, and proceeded to descend the narrow garret staircase.

fasten - attacher, fixer

groping - tripotage, tâter, tâtonner, tripoter, peloter

outlet - sortie, conduit, exutoire, issue, dérivatif, magasin d’usine

garret - garret, galetas

I lingered in the long passage to which this led, separating the front and back rooms of the third storey: narrow, low, and dim, with only one little window at the far end, and looking, with its two rows of small black doors all shut, like a corridor in some Bluebeard's castle.

Bluebeard - barbe bleue, Barbe-Bleue

While I paced softly on, the last sound I expected to hear in so still a region, a laugh, struck my ear. It was a curious laugh; distinct, formal, mirthless. I stopped: the sound ceased, only for an instant; it began again, louder: for at first, though distinct, it was very low.

paced - rythmée, pas

mirthless - sans rire

It passed off in a clamorous peal that seemed to wake an echo in every lonely chamber; though it originated but in one, and I could have pointed out the door whence the accents issued.

clamorous - clameur

peal - peal, tinter

Echo - echo, écho

originated - d'origine, instituer, prendre sa source

issued - émis, sortie, émission, livraison, délivrance, drain

"Mrs. Fairfax!" I called out: for I now heard her descending the great stairs. "Did you hear that loud laugh? Who is it?"

"Some of the servants, very likely," she answered: "perhaps Grace Poole."

"Did you hear it?" I again inquired.

"Yes, plainly: I often hear her: she sews in one of these rooms. Sometimes Leah is with her; they are frequently noisy together."

sews - coud, coudre

The laugh was repeated in its low, syllabic tone, and terminated in an odd murmur.

syllabic - syllabique

"Grace!" exclaimed Mrs. Fairfax.

I really did not expect any Grace to answer; for the laugh was as tragic, as preternatural a laugh as any I ever heard; and, but that it was high noon, and that no circumstance of ghostliness accompanied the curious cachinnation; but that neither scene nor season favoured fear, I should have been superstitiously afraid.

tragic - tragique

ghostliness - fantômes

accompanied - accompagné, accompagner

cachinnation - cachinnation

favoured - favorisée, service

superstitiously - par superstition

However, the event showed me I was a fool for entertaining a sense even of surprise.

fool - idiot, dinde, fou, bouffon, mat, duper, tromper

entertaining - divertissant, distrayant, (entertain), divertir, recevoir

The door nearest me opened, and a servant came out,-a woman of between thirty and forty; a set, square-made figure, red-haired, and with a hard, plain face: any apparition less romantic or less ghostly could scarcely be conceived.

haired - cheveux

ghostly - fantomatique

"Too much noise, Grace," said Mrs. Fairfax. "Remember directions!" Grace curtseyed silently and went in.

curtseyed - en faisant la révérence, révérence, faire la révérence

"She is a person we have to sew and assist Leah in her housemaid's work," continued the widow; "not altogether unobjectionable in some points, but she does well enough. By-the-bye, how have you got on with your new pupil this morning?"

assist - assister, aider, passe décisive

altogether - tout a fait, completement, en meme temps, quoi qu'il en soit

unobjectionable - non répréhensible

The conversation, thus turned on Adčle, continued till we reached the light and cheerful region below. Adčle came running to meet us in the hall, exclaiming-

running to meet - Courir pour rencontrer

"Mesdames, vous ętes servies!" adding, "J'ai bien faim, moi!"

ętes - etes-vous

servies - services

Ai - ai, IA

moi - moi

We found dinner ready, and waiting for us in Mrs. Fairfax's room.


The promise of a smooth career, which my first calm introduction to Thornfield Hall seemed to pledge, was not belied on a longer acquaintance with the place and its inmates. Mrs. Fairfax turned out to be what she appeared, a placid-tempered, kind-natured woman, of competent education and average intelligence.

belied - démentie, démentir

tempered - tempéré, caractere, tempérament, humeur, état d'esprit, recuit

competent - compétent

intelligence - l'intelligence, intelligence, renseignements

My pupil was a lively child, who had been spoilt and indulged, and therefore was sometimes wayward; but as she was committed entirely to my care, and no injudicious interference from any quarter ever thwarted my plans for her improvement, she soon forgot her little freaks, and became obedient and teachable.

spoilt - gâté, pourri, (spoil), gâter, gâcher, tourner, dévoiler

committed - engagé, confier, commettre, remettre, consigner

freaks - des monstres, monstre, anormal

teachable - enseignable

She had no great talents, no marked traits of character, no peculiar development of feeling or taste which raised her one inch above the ordinary level of childhood; but neither had she any deficiency or vice which sunk her below it.

traits - traits, trait

development - développement

She made reasonable progress, entertained for me a vivacious, though perhaps not very profound, affection; and by her simplicity, gay prattle, and efforts to please, inspired me, in return, with a degree of attachment sufficient to make us both content in each other's society.

reasonable - raisonnable

vivacious - vivace

prattle - bavardage, bavarder

sufficient - suffisante, suffisant

This, par parenthčse, will be thought cool language by persons who entertain solemn doctrines about the angelic nature of children, and the duty of those charged with their education to conceive for them an idolatrous devotion: but I am not writing to flatter parental egotism, to echo cant, or prop up humbug; I am merely telling the truth.

parenthčse - parenthese

entertain - divertir, recevoir

idolatrous - idolâtre

devotion - la dévotion, dévouement, dévotion

parental - parentale

cant - cant, langage hypocrite

prop up - soutenir

I felt a conscientious solicitude for Adčle's welfare and progress, and a quiet liking for her little self: just as I cherished towards Mrs. Fairfax a thankfulness for her kindness, and a pleasure in her society proportionate to the tranquil regard she had for me, and the moderation of her mind and character.

conscientious - consciencieux

solicitude - sollicitude

welfare - l'aide sociale, bien-etre, aide sociale

thankfulness - le remerciement, gratitude, reconnaissance

moderation - modération

Anybody may blame me who likes, when I add further, that, now and then, when I took a walk by myself in the grounds; when I went down to the gates and looked through them along the road; or when, while Adčle played with her nurse, and Mrs.

blame - blâme, gronder, blâment, blâmons, blâmez, blâmer

looked through - regardé a travers

Fairfax made jellies in the storeroom, I climbed the three staircases, raised the trap-door of the attic, and having reached the leads, looked out afar over sequestered field and hill, and along dim sky-line-that then I longed for a power of vision which might overpass that limit; which might reach the busy world, towns, regions full of life I had heard of but never seen-that then I desired more of practical experience than I possessed; more of intercourse with my kind, of acquaintance with variety of character, than was here within my reach. I valued what was good in Mrs. Fairfax, and what was good in Adčle; but I believed in the existence of other and more vivid kinds of goodness, and what I believed in I wished to behold.

jellies - gelées, gelée

staircases - des escaliers, escalier

sequestered - séquestré, séquestrer, mettre sous séquestre

overpass - autopont, pont autoroutier

practical experience - une expérience pratique

vivid - vivante, vivide

Who blames me? Many, no doubt; and I shall be called discontented. I could not help it: the restlessness was in my nature; it agitated me to pain sometimes.

blames - blâme, blâmer

discontented - mécontents, mécontentement, frrotestation

restlessness - l'agitation, agitation, impatience

Then my sole relief was to walk along the corridor of the third storey, backwards and forwards, safe in the silence and solitude of the spot, and allow my mind's eye to dwell on whatever bright visions rose before it-and, certainly, they were many and glowing; to let my heart be heaved by the exultant movement, which, while it swelled it in trouble, expanded it with life; and, best of all, to open my inward ear to a tale that was never ended-a tale my imagination created, and narrated continuously; quickened with all of incident, life, fire, feeling, that I desired and had not in my actual existence.

backwards - a l'envers, arriéré, en arriere, a reculons

visions - visions, vision, vue, aspiration, apparition

exultant - exultant

expanded - élargi, agrandir, développer, élaborer, (s')éteindre

actual - réel, effectif, checkeffectif, checkprésent

It is in vain to say human beings ought to be satisfied with tranquillity: they must have action; and they will make it if they cannot find it. Millions are condemned to a stiller doom than mine, and millions are in silent revolt against their lot. Nobody knows how many rebellions besides political rebellions ferment in the masses of life which people earth.

rebellions - des rébellions, rébellion

political - politique

masses - masses, amas

Women are supposed to be very calm generally: but women feel just as men feel; they need exercise for their faculties, and a field for their efforts, as much as their brothers do; they suffer from too rigid a restraint, too absolute a stagnation, precisely as men would suffer; and it is narrow-minded in their more privileged fellow-creatures to say that they ought to confine themselves to making puddings and knitting stockings, to playing on the piano and embroidering bags. It is thoughtless to condemn them, or laugh at them, if they seek to do more or learn more than custom has pronounced necessary for their sex.

absolute - absolue, absolu

stagnation - stagnation

more privileged - plus privilégiés

puddings - puddings, boudin, pudding

embroidering - la broderie, broder

thoughtless - inattentionné, irréfléchi

condemn - condamner, déclarer coupable

custom - coutume, us, connaissance, droit de douane, sur mesure

sex - le sexe, sexe

When thus alone, I not unfrequently heard Grace Poole's laugh: the same peal, the same low, slow ha! ha! which, when first heard, had thrilled me: I heard, too, her eccentric murmurs; stranger than her laugh. There were days when she was quite silent; but there were others when I could not account for the sounds she made.

ha - HA

eccentric - excentrique

murmurs - murmures, murmure, rumeur, souffle, murmurer

Sometimes I saw her: she would come out of her room with a basin, or a plate, or a tray in her hand, go down to the kitchen and shortly return, generally (oh, romantic reader, forgive me for telling the plain truth!) bearing a pot of porter.

pot - l'herbe, pot

Her appearance always acted as a damper to the curiosity raised by her oral oddities: hard-featured and staid, she had no point to which interest could attach. I made some attempts to draw her into conversation, but she seemed a person of few words: a monosyllabic reply usually cut short every effort of that sort.

oral - orale, buccal, oral

oddities - bizarreries, bizarrerie, excentricité

attach - attacher

attempts - tentatives, tenter, essayer, tentative, attentat

monosyllabic - monosyllabique

cut short - coupé court

The other members of the household, viz.

, John and his wife, Leah the housemaid, and Sophie the French nurse, were decent people; but in no respect remarkable; with Sophie I used to talk French, and sometimes I asked her questions about her native country; but she was not of a descriptive or narrative turn, and generally gave such vapid and confused answers as were calculated rather to check than encourage inquiry.

native country - pays d'origine

descriptive - descriptif

vapid - insipide, amorphe, inintéressant, insignifiant, niais

encourage - encourager

October, November, December passed away. One afternoon in January, Mrs. Fairfax had begged a holiday for Adčle, because she had a cold; and, as Adčle seconded the request with an ardour that reminded me how precious occasional holidays had been to me in my own childhood, I accorded it, deeming that I did well in showing pliability on the point.

ardour - l'ardeur, ivresse

reminded - rappelée, rappeler

occasional - occasionnel

accorded - accordé, entente, accorder

pliability - la souplesse, rench: t-needed r

It was a fine, calm day, though very cold; I was tired of sitting still in the library through a whole long morning: Mrs. Fairfax had just written a letter which was waiting to be posted, so I put on my bonnet and cloak and volunteered to carry it to Hay; the distance, two miles, would be a pleasant winter afternoon walk. Having seen Adčle comfortably seated in her little chair by Mrs.

volunteered - volontaire, bénévole

Fairfax's parlour fireside, and given her her best wax doll (which I usually kept enveloped in silver paper in a drawer) to play with, and a story-book for change of amusement; and having replied to her "Revenez bientôt, ma bonne amie, ma chčre Mdlle. Jeannette," with a kiss I set out.

wax - la cire, cirons, cirez, cire, cirer, cirent

silver paper - papier argenté

amusement - l'amusement, amusement

amie - amie

chčre - chere

The ground was hard, the air was still, my road was lonely; I walked fast till I got warm, and then I walked slowly to enjoy and analyse the species of pleasure brooding for me in the hour and situation. It was three o'clock; the church bell tolled as I passed under the belfry: the charm of the hour lay in its approaching dimness, in the low-gliding and pale-beaming sun.

church bell - la cloche de l'église

tolled - a péage, sonner

belfry - le beffroi, beffroi

dimness - obscurité

gliding - le vol a voile, vol a voile, (glide), glisser, planer

I was a mile from Thornfield, in a lane noted for wild roses in summer, for nuts and blackberries in autumn, and even now possessing a few coral treasures in hips and haws, but whose best winter delight lay in its utter solitude and leafless repose.

lane - chemin

blackberries - des mures, ronce, roncier, murier, , mure, mure sauvage

possessing - posséder, s'emparer de

coral - corail, corallien

hips - hanches, hanche

haws - haws, (haw) haws

If a breath of air stirred, it made no sound here; for there was not a holly, not an evergreen to rustle, and the stripped hawthorn and hazel bushes were as still as the white, worn stones which causewayed the middle of the path.

holly - du houx, houx

evergreen - a feuilles persistantes, a feuilles persistantes

rustle - bruissement, froufrou, froufrouter

hawthorn - l'aubépine, aubépine

hazel bushes - des buissons de noisetiers

causewayed - a l'aide d'une chaussée, chaussée

Far and wide, on each side, there were only fields, where no cattle now browsed; and the little brown birds, which stirred occasionally in the hedge, looked like single russet leaves that had forgotten to drop.

browsed - parcouru, feuilleter, parcourir, regarder, naviguer

hedge - couverture, haie

This lane inclined up-hill all the way to Hay; having reached the middle, I sat down on a stile which led thence into a field. Gathering my mantle about me, and sheltering my hands in my muff, I did not feel the cold, though it froze keenly; as was attested by a sheet of ice covering the causeway, where a little brooklet, now congealed, had overflowed after a rapid thaw some days since.

stile - stile, échalier

sheltering - l'abri, abritant, (shelter), abri, refuge, abriter

causeway - pont-jetée, chaussée

brooklet - ruisseau, ruisselet

overflowed - débordé, débordement, déborder, fr

From my seat I could look down on Thornfield: the grey and battlemented hall was the principal object in the vale below me; its woods and dark rookery rose against the west. I lingered till the sun went down amongst the trees, and sank crimson and clear behind them. I then turned eastward.

battlemented - crénelé

principal - principal, directeur, directrice

vale - vale, vallée

On the hill-top above me sat the rising moon; pale yet as a cloud, but brightening momentarily, she looked over Hay, which, half lost in trees, sent up a blue smoke from its few chimneys: it was yet a mile distant, but in the absolute hush I could hear plainly its thin murmurs of life.

hill-top - (hill-top) le sommet de la colline

My ear, too, felt the flow of currents; in what dales and depths I could not tell: but there were many hills beyond Hay, and doubtless many becks threading their passes. That evening calm betrayed alike the tinkle of the nearest streams, the sough of the most remote.

flow - flux, coulons, couler, coulez, courant, écoulement

currents - les courants, courant, présent, actuel

depths - profondeurs, profondeur, épaisseur

becks - becks, au doigt et a l'oeil

threading - le filetage, fil, processus léger, exétron

betrayed - trahi, trahir, livrer

alike - comme, semblable, pareil, analogue, pareillement

tinkle - tinkle, tinter, tintement

streams - flux, ruisseau, ru, rupt, filet, flot, courant, torrent

sough - souche

A rude noise broke on these fine ripplings and whisperings, at once so far away and so clear: a positive tramp, tramp, a metallic clatter, which effaced the soft wave-wanderings; as, in a picture, the solid mass of a crag, or the rough boles of a great oak, drawn in dark and strong on the foreground, efface the aërial distance of azure hill, sunny horizon, and blended clouds where tint melts into tint.

whisperings - chuchotements, chuchotement

tramp - piéton, clochard, va-nuieds, traînée, garce

clatter - claquer, craquer, claquement, craquement, vacarme

wanderings - errances, errement, errance, divagation

crag - crag, rocher escarpé

boles - boles, tronc

foreground - au premier plan, premier plan, avantlan

efface - effacer, s'effacer

melts - fond, fondre (1), se dissoudre (2)

The din was on the causeway: a horse was coming; the windings of the lane yet hid it, but it approached. I was just leaving the stile; yet, as the path was narrow, I sat still to let it go by.

din - din, vacarme

In those days I was young, and all sorts of fancies bright and dark tenanted my mind: the memories of nursery stories were there amongst other rubbish; and when they recurred, maturing youth added to them a vigour and vividness beyond what childhood could give.

fancies - des fantaisies, envie, caprice

tenanted - en location, (de) locataire

recurred - s'est-elle reproduite, se reproduire

maturing - en cours de maturation, mur

As this horse approached, and as I watched for it to appear through the dusk, I remembered certain of Bessie's tales, wherein figured a North-of-England spirit called a "Gytrash," which, in the form of horse, mule, or large dog, haunted solitary ways, and sometimes came upon belated travellers, as this horse was now coming upon me.

Gytrash - gytrash

mule - mule, mulet

It was very near, but not yet in sight; when, in addition to the tramp, tramp, I heard a rush under the hedge, and close down by the hazel stems glided a great dog, whose black and white colour made him a distinct object against the trees.

It was exactly one form of Bessie's Gytrash-a lion-like creature with long hair and a huge head: it passed me, however, quietly enough; not staying to look up, with strange pretercanine eyes, in my face, as I half expected it would. The horse followed,-a tall steed, and on its back a rider. The man, the human being, broke the spell at once.

pretercanine - prétercanine

steed - steed, coursier

rider - cavalier, cavaliere

Nothing ever rode the Gytrash: it was always alone; and goblins, to my notions, though they might tenant the dumb carcasses of beasts, could scarce covet shelter in the commonplace human form. No Gytrash was this,-only a traveller taking the short cut to Millcote. He passed, and I went on; a few steps, and I turned: a sliding sound and an exclamation of "What the deuce is to do now?

tenant - locataire

dumb - stupide, muet

carcasses - carcasses, carcasse, cadavre

beasts - betes, bete, bete sauvage

scarce - rare

covet - convoiter, désirer, guigner

commonplace - ordinaire, banal, lieu commun

sliding - glissant, (slid) glissant

exclamation - exclamation

What the deuce - Qu'est-ce que c'est que ça

" and a clattering tumble, arrested my attention. Man and horse were down; they had slipped on the sheet of ice which glazed the causeway. The dog came bounding back, and seeing his master in a predicament, and hearing the horse groan, barked till the evening hills echoed the sound, which was deep in proportion to his magnitude.

clattering - cliquetis, claquer, craquer, claquement, craquement, vacarme

tumble - culbute, dégringoler, culbuter

predicament - catégorie, classe, prédicament, situation difficile

groan - gémir, râle, râlement, gémissement, grognement, grondement

barked - aboyé, aboiement

echoed - en écho, écho

He snuffed round the prostrate group, and then he ran up to me; it was all he could do,-there was no other help at hand to summon. I obeyed him, and walked down to the traveller, by this time struggling himself free of his steed. His efforts were so vigorous, I thought he could not be much hurt; but I asked him the question-

snuffed - étouffé, tabac a priser

summon - convoquer, appeler, convoquez, convoquons

"Are you injured, sir?"

injured - blessé, blesser

I think he was swearing, but am not certain; however, he was pronouncing some formula which prevented him from replying to me directly.

swearing - jurant, (swear) jurant

formula - formule, aliment lacté pour nourrissons

"Can I do anything?" I asked again.

"You must just stand on one side," he answered as he rose, first to his knees, and then to his feet. I did; whereupon began a heaving, stamping, clattering process, accompanied by a barking and baying which removed me effectually some yards'distance; but I would not be driven quite away till I saw the event.

heaving - le déchaussement, (heave), hisser

barking - aboiement

baying - des baionnettes, baie

effectually - efficacement

This was finally fortunate; the horse was re-established, and the dog was silenced with a "Down, Pilot!" The traveller now, stooping, felt his foot and leg, as if trying whether they were sound; apparently something ailed them, for he halted to the stile whence I had just risen, and sat down.

established - établie, affermir, établir

silenced - réduit au silence, silence

stooping - se baisser

ailed - ailed, souffrir

I was in the mood for being useful, or at least officious, I think, for I now drew near him again.

officious - officielle

"If you are hurt, and want help, sir, I can fetch some one either from Thornfield Hall or from Hay."

"Thank you: I shall do: I have no broken bones,-only a sprain;" and again he stood up and tried his foot, but the result extorted an involuntary "Ugh!"

sprain - fouler, entorse

extorted - extorqué, extorquer

Ugh - ugh, beurk

Something of daylight still lingered, and the moon was waxing bright: I could see him plainly. His figure was enveloped in a riding cloak, fur collared and steel clasped; its details were not apparent, but I traced the general points of middle height and considerable breadth of chest.

waxing - épilation a la cire, épilation a la cire

fur - fourrure, peau

collared - en collier, col, collier

steel - l'acier, acier

He had a dark face, with stern features and a heavy brow; his eyes and gathered eyebrows looked ireful and thwarted just now; he was past youth, but had not reached middle-age; perhaps he might be thirty-five. I felt no fear of him, and but little shyness.

stern - sévere, poupe

ireful - ireux

shyness - timidité

Had he been a handsome, heroic-looking young gentleman, I should not have dared to stand thus questioning him against his will, and offering my services unasked. I had hardly ever seen a handsome youth; never in my life spoken to one.

unasked - non demandée

I had a theoretical reverence and homage for beauty, elegance, gallantry, fascination; but had I met those qualities incarnate in masculine shape, I should have known instinctively that they neither had nor could have sympathy with anything in me, and should have shunned them as one would fire, lightning, or anything else that is bright but antipathetic.

theoretical - théorique

reverence - révérence

homage - hommage

elegance - l'élégance, élégance, grâce, finesse

gallantry - la galanterie, courage, galanterie

incarnate - incarné

masculine - masculin

shunned - évité, éviter, rejeter, fuir, esquiver

lightning - la foudre, éclair, éloise, foudre

antipathetic - antipathique

If even this stranger had smiled and been good-humoured to me when I addressed him; if he had put off my offer of assistance gaily and with thanks, I should have gone on my way and not felt any vocation to renew inquiries: but the frown, the roughness of the traveller, set me at my ease: I retained my station when he waved to me to go, and announced-

good-humoured - (good-humoured) de bonne humeur

assistance - l'assistance, assistance

gaily - gaiement

vocation - vocation

renew - renouveler

inquiries - des demandes de renseignements, enquete

"I cannot think of leaving you, sir, at so late an hour, in this solitary lane, till I see you are fit to mount your horse."

He looked at me when I said this; he had hardly turned his eyes in my direction before.

"I should think you ought to be at home yourself," said he, "if you have a home in this neighbourhood: where do you come from?"

"From just below; and I am not at all afraid of being out late when it is moonlight: I will run over to Hay for you with pleasure, if you wish it: indeed, I am going there to post a letter."

"You live just below-do you mean at that house with the battlements?" pointing to Thornfield Hall, on which the moon cast a hoary gleam, bringing it out distinct and pale from the woods that, by contrast with the western sky, now seemed one mass of shadow.

"Yes, sir."

"Whose house is it?"

"Mr. Rochester's."

"Do you know Mr. Rochester?"

"No, I have never seen him."

"He is not resident, then?"

resident - résident, résidente, habitant, habitante


"Can you tell me where he is?"

"I cannot."

"You are not a servant at the hall, of course. You are-" He stopped, ran his eye over my dress, which, as usual, was quite simple: a black merino cloak, a black beaver bonnet; neither of them half fine enough for a lady's-maid. He seemed puzzled to decide what I was; I helped him.

merino - mérinos

"I am the governess."

"Ah, the governess!" he repeated; "deuce take me, if I had not forgotten! The governess!" and again my raiment underwent scrutiny. In two minutes he rose from the stile: his face expressed pain when he tried to move.

deuce - deux

raiment - vetements

underwent - a subi, subir

"I cannot commission you to fetch help," he said; "but you may help me a little yourself, if you will be so kind."

commission - commission, commission d'agent immobilier, courtage, charger

"Yes, sir."

"You have not an umbrella that I can use as a stick?"

stick - bâton, canne, stick


"Try to get hold of my horse's bridle and lead him to me: you are not afraid?"

bridle - bride, brider, refréner, etre susceptible

lead - plomb, guider, conduire, mener

I should have been afraid to touch a horse when alone, but when told to do it, I was disposed to obey. I put down my muff on the stile, and went up to the tall steed; I endeavoured to catch the bridle, but it was a spirited thing, and would not let me come near its head; I made effort on effort, though in vain: meantime, I was mortally afraid of its trampling fore-feet.

obey - obéir, obtempérer

spirited - fougueux, esprit, moral, élan

trampling - le piétinement, (trample), fouler, piétiner

The traveller waited and watched for some time, and at last he laughed.

I was mortally afraid of its trampling forefeet

"I see," he said, "the mountain will never be brought to Mahomet, so all you can do is to aid Mahomet to go to the mountain; I must beg of you to come here."

Mahomet - Mahomet

I came. "Excuse me," he continued: "necessity compels me to make you useful." He laid a heavy hand on my shoulder, and leaning on me with some stress, limped to his horse. Having once caught the bridle, he mastered it directly and sprang to his saddle; grimacing grimly as he made the effort, for it wrenched his sprain.

Excuse - pardon, excuser, pardonner, justifier, prétexte, excuse

compels - contraint, contraindre, forcer, obliger

limped - boitait, mou, faible

saddle - selle, ensellement

grimacing - grimaçant, grimace, grimacer, faire des grimaces

grimly - sinistre

wrenched - arraché, arracher

"Now," said he, releasing his under lip from a hard bite, "just hand me my whip; it lies there under the hedge."

releasing - libérer

lip - levre, levre

bite - mordre, maintenir, garder, tomber dans le panneau, marcher

whip - fouet, whip, fouetter, flageller, défaire, battre

I sought it and found it.

"Thank you; now Make haste with the letter to Hay, and return as fast as you can."

Make haste - Se hâter

A touch of a spurred heel made his horse first start and rear, and then bound away; the dog rushed in his traces; all three vanished,

spurred - éperonné, éperon

heel - talon, alinéa

"Like heath that, in the wilderness,

wilderness - la nature sauvage, désert, naturalité, nature sauvage

The wild wind whirls away."

I took up my muff and walked on. The incident had occurred and was gone for me: it was an incident of no moment, no romance, no interest in a sense; yet it marked with change one single hour of a monotonous life.

occurred - s'est produite, produire

romance - le romantisme, romance, idylle, amour romantique

monotonous - monotone

My help had been needed and claimed; I had given it: I was pleased to have done something; trivial, transitory though the deed was, it was yet an active thing, and I was weary of an existence all passive.

claimed - réclamé, réclamation, titre, affirmation

trivial - insignifiante, trivial, anodin, banal

deed - acte, action, ouvre, exploit, haut fait, (dee)

The new face, too, was like a new picture introduced to the gallery of memory; and it was dissimilar to all the others hanging there: firstly, because it was masculine; and, secondly, because it was dark, strong, and stern. I had it still before me when I entered Hay, and slipped the letter into the post-office; I saw it as I walked fast down-hill all the way home.

dissimilar - dissemblables, dissemblable, différent

When I came to the stile, I stopped a minute, looked round and listened, with an idea that a horse's hoofs might ring on the causeway again, and that a rider in a cloak, and a Gytrash-like Newfoundland dog, might be again apparent: I saw only the hedge and a pollard willow before me, rising up still and straight to meet the moonbeams; I heard only the faintest waft of wind roaming fitful among the trees round Thornfield, a mile distant; and when I glanced down in the direction of the murmur, my eye, traversing the hall-front, caught a light kindling in a window: it reminded me that I was late, and I hurried on.

hoofs - sabots, sabot

Newfoundland - terre-neuve, chien de Terre-Neuve

pollard - pollard, trogne

willow - le saule, saule

faintest - le plus faible, faible, léger

roaming - l'itinérance, errer

I did not like re-entering Thornfield. To pass its threshold was to return to stagnation; to cross the silent hall, to ascend the darksome staircase, to seek my own lonely little room, and then to meet tranquil Mrs.

ascend - s'élever, monter

darksome - darksome

Fairfax, and spend the long winter evening with her, and her only, was to quell wholly the faint excitement wakened by my walk,-to slip again over my faculties the viewless fetters of an uniform and too still existence; of an existence whose very privileges of security and ease I was becoming incapable of appreciating.

quell - quell, étouffer, suffoquer

viewless - sans visibilité

fetters - des entraves, entrave, fers-p, obstacle, entraver

appreciating - etre reconnaissant de, apprécier a sa juste valeur

What good it would have done me at that time to have been tossed in the storms of an uncertain struggling life, and to have been taught by rough and bitter experience to long for the calm amidst which I now repined!

tossed - ballotté, jet, au pile ou face, tirage au sort, pile ou face

Yes, just as much good as it would do a man tired of sitting still in a "too easy chair" to take a long walk: and just as natural was the wish to stir, under my circumstances, as it would be under his.

I lingered at the gates; I lingered on the lawn; I paced backwards and forwards on the pavement; the shutters of the glass door were closed; I could not see into the interior; and both my eyes and spirit seemed drawn from the gloomy house-from the grey-hollow filled with rayless cells, as it appeared to me-to that sky expanded before me,-a blue sea absolved from taint of cloud; the moon ascending it in solemn march; her orb seeming to look up as she left the hill-tops, from behind which she had come, far and farther below her, and aspired to the zenith, midnight dark in its fathomless depth and measureless distance; and for those trembling stars that followed her course; they made my heart tremble, my veins glow when I viewed them. Little things recall us to earth; the clock struck in the hall; that sufficed; I turned from moon and stars, opened a side-door, and went in.

pavement - revetement, chaussée, pavement

shutters - des volets, volet, contrevent, obturateur

interior - intérieur

cells - cellules, cellule

taint - taint, entachez, entachent, entachons

zenith - zénith

fathomless - insondable, sans fond

side-door - (side-door) porte latérale

The hall was not dark, nor yet was it lit, only by the high-hung bronze lamp; a warm glow suffused both it and the lower steps of the oak staircase.

This ruddy shine issued from the great dining-room, whose two-leaved door stood open, and showed a genial fire in the grate, glancing on marble hearth and brass fire-irons, and revealing purple draperies and polished furniture, in the most pleasant radiance.

leaved - feuillus

grate - grilles, grille, crisser, grincer, râper

irons - fers a repasser, fer, repasser

draperies - draperies, rideau

most pleasant - le plus agréable

It revealed, too, a group near the mantelpiece: I had scarcely caught it, and scarcely become aware of a cheerful mingling of voices, amongst which I seemed to distinguish the tones of Adčle, when the door closed.

mingling - se meler, (mingle), mélanger

tones - tons, ton

I hastened to Mrs. Fairfax's room; there was a fire there too, but no candle, and no Mrs. Fairfax. Instead, all alone, sitting upright on the rug, and gazing with gravity at the blaze, I beheld a great black and white long-haired dog, just like the Gytrash of the lane. It was so like it that I went forward and said-"Pilot" and the thing got up and came to me and snuffed me.

hastened to - s'est empressé de faire

upright - debout, integre, montant

gravity - la gravité, gravité, pesanteur

beheld - a été observée, regarder, voir, observer, voici, voila

I caressed him, and he wagged his great tail; but he looked an eerie creature to be alone with, and I could not tell whence he had come. I rang the bell, for I wanted a candle; and I wanted, too, to get an account of this visitant. Leah entered.

caressed - caressé, caresser

wagged - remué, frétiller, remuer, sécher, faire l’école buissonniere

tail - queue

visitant - visiteur

"What dog is this?"

"He came with master."

"With whom?"

"With master-Mr. Rochester-he is just arrived."

"Indeed! and is Mrs. Fairfax with him?"

"Yes, and Miss Adčle; they are in the dining-room, and John is gone for a surgeon; for master has had an accident; his horse fell and his ankle is sprained."

sprained - entorse, fouler

"Did the horse fall in Hay Lane?"

"Yes, coming down-hill; it slipped on some ice."

"Ah! Bring me a candle will you Leah?"

Leah brought it; she entered, followed by Mrs. Fairfax, who repeated the news; adding that Mr. Carter the surgeon was come, and was now with Mr. Rochester: then she hurried out to give orders about tea, and I went upstairs to take off my things.


Mr. Rochester, it seems, by the surgeon's orders, went to bed early that night; nor did he rise soon next morning. When he did come down, it was to attend to business: his agent and some of his tenants were arrived, and waiting to speak with him.

Adčle and I had now to vacate the library: it would be in daily requisition as a reception-room for callers. A fire was lit in an apartment upstairs, and there I carried our books, and arranged it for the future schoolroom.

vacate - quitter, vider, checkévacuer

requisition - réquisition

reception-room - (reception-room) la salle de réception

callers - les appelants, téléphoneur, appelant

I discerned in the course of the morning that Thornfield Hall was a changed place: no longer silent as a church, it echoed every hour or two to a knock at the door, or a clang of the bell; steps, too, often traversed the hall, and new voices spoke in different keys below; a rill from the outer world was flowing through it; it had a master: for my part, I liked it better.

knock at - frapper

clang - clang, rench: ('of crane') glapissement g, ('of goose') criaillement g

rill - rill, ruisselet

flowing through - qui s'écoule

Adčle was not easy to teach that day; she could not apply: she kept running to the door and looking over the banisters to see if she could get a glimpse of Mr.

Rochester; then she coined pretexts to go downstairs, in order, as I shrewdly suspected, to visit the library, where I knew she was not wanted; then, when I got a little angry, and made her sit still, she continued to talk incessantly of her "ami, Monsieur Edouard Fairfax de Rochester," as she dubbed him (I had not before heard his prenomens), and to conjecture what presents he had brought her: for it appears he had intimated the night before, that when his luggage came from Millcote, there would be found amongst it a little box in whose contents she had an interest.

coined - inventé, piece de monnaie, jeton

pretexts - des prétextes, prétexte

go downstairs - descendre en bas

shrewdly - astucieusement, avec perspicacité

incessantly - sans cesse

ami - ami

monsieur - Monsieur

dubbed - doublée, doubler

"Et cela doit signifier," said she, "qu'il y aura lŕ dedans un cadeau pour moi, et peut-ętre pour vous aussi, mademoiselle. Monsieur a parlé de vous: il m'a demandé le nom de ma gouvernante, et si elle n'était pas une petite personne, assez mince et un peu pâle. J'ai dit qu'oui: car c'est vrai, n'est-ce pas, mademoiselle?"

doit - doit

signifier - signifiant

aura - aura

cadeau - cadeau

pour - verser a boire, versons, verser, versez, versent

ętre - etre

le - LE

nom - nom

gouvernante - gouvernante

pas - pas, (PA), papa, pépé

une - une

petite - petite, menue

mince - haché, hachis, viande hachée, hacher

vrai - vrai

I and my pupil dined as usual in Mrs. Fairfax's parlour; the afternoon was wild and snowy, and we passed it in the schoolroom. At dark I allowed Adčle to put away books and work, and to run downstairs; for, from the comparative silence below, and from the cessation of appeals to the door-bell, I conjectured that Mr. Rochester was now at liberty.

appeals - des appels, en appeler (a), supplier

conjectured - conjecturé, conjecture, conjecturer

Left alone, I walked to the window; but nothing was to be seen thence: twilight and snowflakes together thickened the air, and hid the very shrubs on the lawn. I let down the curtain and went back to the fireside.

snowflakes - flocons de neige, rench: flocon de neige g

shrubs - des arbustes, arbuste

In the clear embers I was tracing a view, not unlike a picture I remembered to have seen of the castle of Heidelberg, on the Rhine, when Mrs. Fairfax came in, breaking up by her entrance the fiery mosaic I had been piercing together, and scattering too some heavy unwelcome thoughts that were beginning to throng on my solitude.

tracing - le traçage, (trace) le traçage

on the Rhine - sur le Rhin

fiery - ardente, ardent, brulant, flamboyant, enflammé

mosaic - mosaique, mosaique

piercing - piercing, perçant, (pierce)

scattering - la dispersion, diffusion, éparpillement, (scatter), disperser

unwelcome - indésirable

"Mr. Rochester would be glad if you and your pupil would take tea with him in the drawing-room this evening," said she: "he has been so much engaged all day that he could not ask to see you before."

"When is his tea-time?" I inquired.

"Oh, at six o'clock: he keeps early hours in the country. You had better change your frock now; I will go with you and fasten it. Here is a candle."

"Is it necessary to change my frock?"

"Yes, you had better: I always dress for the evening when Mr. Rochester is here."

This additional ceremony seemed somewhat stately; however, I repaired to my room, and, with Mrs. Fairfax's aid, replaced my black stuff dress by one of black silk; the best and the only additional one I had, except one of light grey, which, in my Lowood notions of the toilette, I thought too fine to be worn, except on first-rate occasions.

toilette - toilette

first-rate - (first-rate) de premier ordre

"You want a brooch," said Mrs. Fairfax. I had a single little pearl ornament which Miss Temple gave me as a parting keepsake: I put it on, and then we went downstairs. Unused as I was to strangers, it was rather a trial to appear thus formally summoned in Mr. Rochester's presence. I let Mrs.

brooch - broche

ornament - ornement, ornement musical

keepsake - un souvenir, souvenir

went downstairs - est descendu en bas

formally - officiellement, formellement

Fairfax precede me into the dining-room, and kept in her shade as we crossed that apartment; and, passing the arch, whose curtain was now dropped, entered the elegant recess beyond.

precede - précéder

shade - ombre, store, nuance, ton, esprit, ombrager, faire de l'ombre

recess - la suspension d'audience, reces, vacances, récréation, récré

Two wax candles stood lighted on the table, and two on the mantelpiece; basking in the light and heat of a superb fire, lay Pilot-Adčle knelt near him. Half reclined on a couch appeared Mr. Rochester, his foot supported by the cushion; he was looking at Adčle and the dog: the fire shone full on his face.

basking - se prélasser, lézarder, baigner

superb - superbe

cushion - coussin, amortir

I knew my traveller with his broad and jetty eyebrows; his square forehead, made squarer by the horizontal sweep of his black hair. I recognised his decisive nose, more remarkable for character than beauty; his full nostrils, denoting, I thought, choler; his grim mouth, chin, and jaw-yes, all three were very grim, and no mistake.

jetty - jetée, mole

horizontal - horizontal

decisive - décisif

more remarkable - plus remarquable

denoting - dénotant, dénoter, indiquer, marquer, signifier

His shape, now divested of cloak, I perceived harmonised in squareness with his physiognomy: I suppose it was a good figure in the athletic sense of the term-broad chested and thin flanked, though neither tall nor graceful.

squareness - l'équerrage

physiognomy - la physionomie, physiognomonie

athletic - athlétique, sportif

chested - poitrine

flanked - flanqué, flanc, flanchet

Mr. Rochester must have been aware of the entrance of Mrs. Fairfax and myself; but it appeared he was not in the mood to notice us, for he never lifted his head as we approached.

"Here is Miss Eyre, sir," said Mrs. Fairfax, in her quiet way. He bowed, still not taking his eyes from the group of the dog and child.

"Let Miss Eyre be seated," said he: and there was something in the forced stiff bow, in the impatient yet formal tone, which seemed further to express, "What the deuce is it to me whether Miss Eyre be there or not? At this moment I am not disposed to accost her."

accost - accoster, aborder

I sat down quite disembarrassed. A reception of finished politeness would probably have confused me: I could not have returned or repaid it by answering grace and elegance on my part; but harsh caprice laid me under no obligation; on the contrary, a decent quiescence, under the freak of manner, gave me the advantage.

politeness - la politesse, politesse

caprice - caprice

obligation - obligation, engagement, checkobligation

quiescence - quiescence

freak - monstre, anormal

Besides, the eccentricity of the proceeding was piquant: I felt interested to see how he would go on.

eccentricity - l'excentricité, excentricité

proceeding - la poursuite de la procédure, acte, (proceed), avancer

piquant - piquant

He went on as a statue would, that is, he neither spoke nor moved. Mrs. Fairfax seemed to think it necessary that some one should be amiable, and she began to talk.

statue - statue

Kindly, as usual-and, as usual, rather trite-she condoled with him on the pressure of business he had had all day; on the annoyance it must have been to him with that painful sprain: then she commended his patience and perseverance in going through with it.

trite - banal

pressure - pression

annoyance - l'agacement, ennui, nuisance, irritation, checkagacement

commended - félicité, féliciter, recommander

patience - la patience, patience

perseverance - la persévérance, persévérance

"Madam, I should like some tea," was the sole rejoinder she got. She hastened to ring the bell; and when the tray came, she proceeded to arrange the cups, spoons, &c., with assiduous celerity. I and Adčle went to the table; but the master did not leave his couch.

rejoinder - réponse, réplique

assiduous - assidu

celerity - célérité

"Will you hand Mr. Rochester's cup?" said Mrs. Fairfax to me; "Adčle might perhaps spill it."

spill - déverser, répandre, renverser, déversement

I did as requested. As he took the cup from my hand, Adčle, thinking the moment propitious for making a request in my favour, cried out-

as requested - comme demandé

"N'est-ce pas, monsieur, qu'il y a un cadeau pour Mademoiselle Eyre dans votre petit coffre?"

ce - ce, EC (ere commune)

"Who talks of cadeaux?" said he gruffly. "Did you expect a present, Miss Eyre? Are you fond of presents?" and he searched my face with eyes that I saw were dark, irate, and piercing.

gruffly - avec rudesse

irate - irrité, furieux, en colere

"I hardly know, sir; I have little experience of them: they are generally thought pleasant things."

"Generally thought? But what do you think?"

"I should be obliged to take time, sir, before I could give you an answer worthy of your acceptance: a present has many faces to it, has it not? and one should consider all, before pronouncing an opinion as to its nature."

be obliged - etre obligé

acceptance - l'acceptation, acceptation, adhésion, admission, adoption

"Miss Eyre, you are not so unsophisticated as Adčle: she demands a 'cadeau,'clamorously, the moment she sees me: you beat about the bush."

clamorously - a cor et a cri

bush - buisson, arbuste, brousse

"Because I have less confidence in my deserts than Adčle has: she can prefer the claim of old acquaintance, and the right too of custom; for she says you have always been in the habit of giving her playthings; but if I had to make out a case I should be puzzled, since I am a stranger, and have done nothing to entitle me to an acknowledgment."

confidence - assurance, confiance en soi, confiance, confidence

entitle - droit, intituler

"Oh, don't fall back on over-modesty! I have examined Adčle, and find you have taken great pains with her: she is not bright, she has no talents; yet in a short time she has made much improvement."

modesty - la modestie, modestie

"Sir, you have now given me my 'cadeau;'I am obliged to you: it is the meed teachers most covet-praise of their pupils'progress."

"Humph!" said Mr. Rochester, and he took his tea in silence.

Humph - humph, hum

"Come to the fire," said the master, when the tray was taken away, and Mrs. Fairfax had settled into a corner with her knitting; while Adčle was leading me by the hand round the room, showing me the beautiful books and ornaments on the consoles and chiffonničres. We obeyed, as in duty bound; Adčle wanted to take a seat on my knee, but she was ordered to amuse herself with Pilot.

leading - dirigeante, (lead) dirigeante

hand round - Distribuer

consoles - consoles, consoler

chiffonničres - chiffonnieres

as in duty bound - Comme c'est leur devoir

"You have been resident in my house three months?"

"Yes, sir."

"And you came from-?"

"From Lowood school, in ---shire."

"Ah! a charitable concern. How long were you there?"

"Eight years."

"Eight years! you must be tenacious of life. I thought half the time in such a place would have done up any constitution! No wonder you have rather the look of another world. I marvelled where you had got that sort of face. When you came on me in Hay Lane last night, I thought unaccountably of fairy tales, and had half a mind to demand whether you had bewitched my horse: I am not sure yet.

done up - fait

marvelled - émerveillé, etre

unaccountably - de façon inexplicable

bewitched - ensorcelée, ensorceler, envouter

Who are your parents?"

"I have none."

"Nor ever had, I suppose: do you remember them?"


"I thought not. And so you were waiting for your people when you sat on that stile?"

"For whom, sir?"

"For the men in green: it was a proper moonlight evening for them. Did I break through one of your rings, that you spread that damned ice on the causeway?"

rings - anneaux, anneau, bague

damned - foutu, maudit, condamné, (damn), condamner, réprouver

I shook my head. "The men in green all forsook England a hundred years ago," said I, speaking as seriously as he had done. "And not even in Hay Lane, or the fields about it, could you find a trace of them. I don't think either summer or harvest, or winter moon, will ever shine on their revels more."

forsook - abandonné, abandonner, renoncer

seriously - sérieusement, gravement, sérieux

revels - des réjouissances, se délecter (de)

Mrs. Fairfax had dropped her knitting, and, with raised eyebrows, seemed wondering what sort of talk this was.

"Well," resumed Mr. Rochester, "if you disown parents, you must have some sort of kinsfolk: uncles and aunts?"

"No; none that I ever saw."

"And your home?"

"I have none."

"Where do your brothers and sisters live?"

"I have no brothers or sisters."

"Who recommended you to come here?"

"I advertised, and Mrs. Fairfax answered my advertisement."

"Yes," said the good lady, who now knew what ground we were upon, "and I am daily thankful for the choice Providence led me to make. Miss Eyre has been an invaluable companion to me, and a kind and careful teacher to Adčle."

Providence - la providence, Providence

invaluable - inestimable

"Don't trouble yourself to give her a character," returned Mr. Rochester: "eulogiums will not bias me; I shall judge for myself. She began by felling my horse."

bias - partialité, préjugé, partiris, biais

"Sir?" said Mrs. Fairfax.

"I have to thank her for this sprain."

The widow looked bewildered.

"Miss Eyre, have you ever lived in a town?"

"No, sir."

"Have you seen much society?"

"None but the pupils and teachers of Lowood, and now the inmates of Thornfield."

"Have you read much?"

"Only such books as came in my way; and they have not been numerous or very learned."

numerous - nombreux

"You have lived the life of a nun: no doubt you are well drilled in religious forms;-Brocklehurst, who I understand directs Lowood, is a parson, is he not?"

nun - nonne

drilled - percé, percer

religious - religieux

parson - parson, curé, curé paroissial, pasteur

"Yes, sir."

"And you girls probably worshipped him, as a convent full of religieuses would worship their director."

worshipped - vénéré, culte, adoration, vénération, vénérer

"Oh, no."

"You are very cool! No! What! a novice not worship her priest! That sounds blasphemous."

worship - culte, adoration, vénération, vénérer, adorer

priest - pretre, pretre, pretresse, sacrificateur

blasphemous - blasphématoire

"I disliked Mr. Brocklehurst; and I was not alone in the feeling. He is a harsh man; at once pompous and meddling; he cut off our hair; and for economy's sake bought us bad needles and thread, with which we could hardly sew."

disliked - n'a pas aimé, antipathie, ne pas aimer

pompous - pompeux, emphatique

meddling - l'ingérence, s'ingérer, se meler

"That was very false economy," remarked Mrs. Fairfax, who now again caught the drift of the dialogue.

"And was that the head and front of his offending?" demanded Mr. Rochester.

offending - l'offense, offenser, déplaire, blesser, fr

"He starved us when he had the sole superintendence of the provision department, before the committee was appointed; and he bored us with long lectures once a week, and with evening readings from books of his own inditing, about sudden deaths and judgments, which made us afraid to go to bed."

superintendence - superintendance

provision - disposition, provision, provisionner

appointed - nommés, fixer, gloss

readings - lectures, lecture

judgments - jugements, jugement, sentence, verdict

"What age were you when you went to Lowood?"

"About ten."

"And you stayed there eight years: you are now, then, eighteen?"

I assented.

assented - a donné son assentiment, assentiment

"Arithmetic, you see, is useful; without its aid, I should hardly have been able to guess your age. It is a point difficult to fix where the features and countenance are so much at variance as in your case. And now what did you learn at Lowood? Can you play?"

variance - variance

"A little."

"Of course: that is the established answer. Go into the library-I mean, if you please.-(Excuse my tone of command; I am used to say, 'Do this,'and it is done: I cannot alter my customary habits for one new inmate.)-Go, then, into the library; take a candle with you; leave the door open; sit down to the piano, and play a tune."

customary - coutumier, habituel, d'usage

I departed, obeying his directions.

obeying - obéir, obtempérer

"Enough!" he called out in a few minutes. "You play a little, I see; like any other English school-girl; perhaps rather better than some, but not well."

I closed the piano and returned. Mr. Rochester continued-"Adčle showed me some sketches this morning, which she said were yours. I don't know whether they were entirely of your doing; probably a master aided you?"

"No, indeed!" I interjected.

interjected - s'est interposé, intervenir

"Ah! that pricks pride. Well, fetch me your portfolio, if you can vouch for its contents being original; but don't pass your word unless you are certain: I can recognise patchwork."

pricks - des cons, piquer, percer

vouch - entériner, se porter garant

patchwork - patchwork

"Then I will say nothing, and you shall judge for yourself, sir."

I brought the portfolio from the library.

"Approach the table," said he; and I wheeled it to his couch. Adčle and Mrs. Fairfax drew near to see the pictures.

"No crowding," said Mr. Rochester: "take the drawings from my hand as I finish with them; but Don't push your faces up to mine."

Don't push - Ne pas pousser

He deliberately scrutinised each sketch and painting. Three he laid aside; the others, when he had examined them, he swept from him.

deliberately - délibérément

sketch - croquis, croquer, esquisser, esquisse, ébauche, sketch

"Take them off to the other table, Mrs. Fairfax," said he, "and look at them with Adčle;-you" (glancing at me) "resume your seat, and answer my questions. I perceive those pictures were done by one hand: was that hand yours?"


"And when did you find time to do them? They have taken much time, and some thought."

"I did them in the last two vacations I spent at Lowood, when I had no other occupation."

"Where did you get your copies?"

"Out of my head."

"That head I see now on your shoulders?"

"Yes, sir."

"Has it other furniture of the same kind within?"

"I should think it may have: I should hope-better."

He spread the pictures before him, and again surveyed them alternately.

alternately - en alternance

While he is so occupied, I will tell you, reader, what they are: and first, I must premise that they are nothing wonderful. The subjects had, indeed, risen vividly on my mind. As I saw them with the spiritual eye, before I attempted to embody them, they were striking; but my hand would not second my fancy, and in each case it had wrought out but a pale portrait of the thing I had conceived.

premise - prémisse, local

vividly - précise

embody - incarner, personnifier, représenter

These pictures were in water-colours. The first represented clouds low and livid, rolling over a swollen sea: all the distance was in eclipse; so, too, was the foreground; or rather, the nearest billows, for there was no land.

livid - livide, furieux

rolling - rouler, enroulant, roulant, (roll) rouler

eclipse - éclipse, éclipser

billows - des bouées, flot, ondoyer

One gleam of light lifted into relief a half-submerged mast, on which sat a cormorant, dark and large, with wings flecked with foam; its beak held a gold bracelet set with gems, that I had touched with as brilliant tints as my palette could yield, and as glittering distinctness as my pencil could impart.

submerged - submergé, submerger, immerger

cormorant - cormoran

flecked - moucheté, tache, flocon, frarticule (1), froucheture, moucheter

foam - écume, mousse, écumer, mousser

beak - bec

bracelet - bracelet

gems - des pierres précieuses, joyau, pierre précieuse, merle blanc

palette - palette

distinctness - distinction

Sinking below the bird and mast, a drowned corpse glanced through the green water; a fair arm was the only limb clearly visible, whence the bracelet had been washed or torn.

drowned - noyé, noyer

limb - membre

torn - déchiré, larme

The second picture contained for foreground only the dim peak of a hill, with grass and some leaves slanting as if by a breeze. Beyond and above spread an expanse of sky, dark blue as at twilight: rising into the sky was a woman's shape to the bust, portrayed in tints as dusk and soft as I could combine.

Peak - le sommet, apogée, comble

slanting - en biais, biais, connotation, bridé, qualifier

dark blue - bleu foncé

bust - buste

portrayed - représenté, dépeindre, représenter, portraire, décrire

The dim forehead was crowned with a star; the lineaments below were seen as through the suffusion of vapour; the eyes shone dark and wild; the hair streamed shadowy, like a beamless cloud torn by storm or by electric travail. On the neck lay a pale reflection like moonlight; the same faint lustre touched the train of thin clouds from which rose and bowed this vision of the evening star.

crowned - couronné, couronne

vapour - vapeur, fumées

beamless - sans poutre

travail - travail

evening star - étoile du soir

The third showed the pinnacle of an iceberg piercing a polar winter sky: a muster of northern lights reared their dim lances, close serried, along the horizon. Throwing these into distance, rose, in the foreground, a head,-a colossal head, inclined towards the iceberg, and resting against it.

pinnacle - cime, pic, pinacle

iceberg - iceberg, montagne de glace

polar - polaire

northern lights - Aurores boréales

lances - lances, lance

colossal - colossal

Two thin hands, joined under the forehead, and supporting it, drew up before the lower features a sable veil, a brow quite bloodless, white as bone, and an eye hollow and fixed, blank of meaning but for the glassiness of despair, alone were visible.

veil - voile, voiler

glassiness - le verre

despair - le désespoir, désespérer, désespoir

Above the temples, amidst wreathed turban folds of black drapery, vague in its character and consistency as cloud, gleamed a ring of white flame, gemmed with sparkles of a more lurid tinge. This pale crescent was "the likeness of a kingly crown;" what it diademed was "the shape which shape had none."

wreathed - couronné, couronne, guirlande, tortil

turban - turban

flame - flamme, polémique

gemmed - gemmée, joyau, pierre précieuse, merle blanc, oiseau rare

sparkles - des paillettes, étincellement

lurid - lugubre, choquant, choquante, blafard, livide, bleme, jaunâtre

tinge - teinte, touche, nuance, teindre

kingly - royal

diademed - diademe, diademe, couronne

"Were you happy when you painted these pictures?" asked Mr. Rochester presently.

"I was absorbed, sir: yes, and I was happy. To paint them, in short, was to enjoy one of the keenest pleasures I have ever known."

keenest - le plus enthousiaste, passionné

"That is not saying much. Your pleasures, by your own account, have been few; but I daresay you did exist in a kind of artist's dreamland while you blent and arranged these strange tints. Did you sit at them long each day?"

dreamland - le pays des reves, pays de reve, pays imaginaire

"I had nothing else to do, because it was the vacation, and I sat at them from morning till noon, and from noon till night: the length of the midsummer days favoured my inclination to apply."

"And you felt self-satisfied with the result of your ardent labours?"

labours - travaux, effort, travail, labeur, besogne, travailleurs-p

"Far from it. I was tormented by the contrast between my idea and my handiwork: in each case I had imagined something which I was quite powerless to realise."

tormented - tourmenté, tourment, tourmenter

handiwork - travail manuel, travail, ouvrage

powerless - impuissante, impuissant

realise - comprendre

"Not quite: you have secured the shadow of your thought; but no more, probably. You had not enough of the artist's skill and science to give it full being: yet the drawings are, for a school-girl, peculiar. As to the thoughts, they are elfish. These eyes in the Evening Star you must have seen in a dream. How could you make them look so clear, and yet not at all brilliant?

secured - sécurisé, sur, sécuriser

elfish - elfe

for the planet above quells their rays. And what meaning is that in their solemn depth? And who taught you to paint wind? There is a high gale in that sky, and on this hill-top. Where did you see Latmos? For that is Latmos. There! put the drawings away!"

quells - quells, réprimer

gale - coup de vent, tempete

I had scarce tied the strings of the portfolio, when, looking at his watch, he said abruptly-

"It is nine o'clock: what are you about, Miss Eyre, to let Adčle sit up so long? Take her to bed."

Adčle went to kiss him before quitting the room: he endured the caress, but scarcely seemed to relish it more than Pilot would have done, nor so much.

caress - caresse, caresser

"I wish you all good-night, now," said he, making a movement of the hand towards the door, in token that he was tired of our company, and wished to dismiss us. Mrs. Fairfax folded up her knitting: I took my portfolio: we curtseyed to him, received a frigid bow in return, and so withdrew.

token - de jeton, symbole, jeton, symbolique

dismiss - licencier

folded up - plié

"You said Mr. Rochester was not strikingly peculiar, Mrs. Fairfax," I observed, when I rejoined her in her room, after putting Adčle to bed.

"Well, is he?"

"I think so: he is very changeful and abrupt."

changeful - changeant

"True: no doubt he may appear so to a stranger, but I am so accustomed to his manner, I never think of it; and then, if he has peculiarities of temper, allowance should be made."


"Partly because it is his nature-and we can none of us help our nature; and partly because he has painful thoughts, no doubt, to harass him, and make his spirits unequal."

harass - harceler

"What about?"

"Family troubles, for one thing."

"But he has no family."

"Not now, but he has had-or, at least, relatives. He lost his elder brother a few years since."

"His elder brother?"

"Yes. The present Mr. Rochester has not been very long in possession of the property; only about nine years."

"Nine years is a tolerable time. Was he so very fond of his brother as to be still inconsolable for his loss?"

tolerable - tolérable

inconsolable - inconsolable

"Why, no-perhaps not. I believe there were some misunderstandings between them. Mr. Rowland Rochester was not quite just to Mr. Edward; and perhaps he prejudiced his father against him. The old gentleman was fond of money, and anxious to keep the family estate together. He did not like to diminish the property by division, and yet he was anxious that Mr.

misunderstandings - des malentendus, malentendu, quiproquo

Edward - edward, Édouard

prejudiced - des préjugés, préjugé, idée préconçue, préjudice

estate - patrimoine, noblesse, proprieté, biens, domaine, propriété

diminish - réduire, rétrécir, rapetisser, diminuer, amincir

Edward should have wealth, too, to keep up the consequence of the name; and, soon after he was of age, some steps were taken that were not quite fair, and made a great deal of mischief. Old Mr. Rochester and Mr. Rowland combined to bring Mr.

Edward into what he considered a painful position, for the sake of making his fortune: what the precise nature of that position was I never clearly knew, but his spirit could not brook what he had to suffer in it. He is not very forgiving: he broke with his family, and now for many years he has led an unsettled kind of life.

Fortune - la fortune, destin, bonne chance, fortune

forgiving - pardonner

unsettled - déstabilisé, perturber

I don't think he has ever been resident at Thornfield for a fortnight together, since the death of his brother without a will left him master of the estate; and, indeed, no wonder he shuns the old place."

shuns - shuns, éviter, rejeter, fuir, esquiver

"Why should he shun it?"

"Perhaps he thinks it gloomy."

The answer was evasive. I should have liked something clearer; but Mrs. Fairfax either could not, or would not, give me more explicit information of the origin and nature of Mr. Rochester's trials. She averred they were a mystery to herself, and that what she knew was chiefly from conjecture. It was evident, indeed, that she wished me to drop the subject, which I did accordingly.

evasive - évasif

more explicit - plus explicite

trials - des essais, proces

mystery - mystere, mystere

chiefly - principalement, surtout

evident - évidentes, évident


For several subsequent days I saw little of Mr. Rochester. In the mornings he seemed much engaged with business, and, in the afternoon, gentlemen from Millcote or the neighbourhood called, and sometimes stayed to dine with him.

When his sprain was well enough to admit of horse exercise, he rode out a good deal; probably to return these visits, as he generally did not come back till late at night.

admit of - admettre

During this interval, even Adčle was seldom sent for to his presence, and all my acquaintance with him was confined to an occasional rencontre in the hall, on the stairs, or in the gallery, when he would sometimes pass me haughtily and coldly, just acknowledging my presence by a distant nod or a cool glance, and sometimes bow and smile with gentlemanlike affability.

rencontre - rencontre

haughtily - hautainement, avec dédain

acknowledging - reconnaître, accuser réception, certifier

nod - hochement de tete, dodeliner, hocher, hochement

affability - l'affabilité, affabilité, liant

His changes of mood did not offend me, because I saw that I had nothing to do with their alternation; the ebb and flow depended on causes quite disconnected with me.

alternation - l'alternance, alternance

Ebb - le reflux, reflux, jusant, refluer, décliner

disconnected - déconnecté, déconnecter

One day he had had company to dinner, and had sent for my portfolio; in order, doubtless, to exhibit its contents: the gentlemen went away early, to attend a public meeting at Millcote, as Mrs. Fairfax informed me; but the night being wet and inclement, Mr. Rochester did not accompany them. Soon after they were gone he rang the bell: a message came that I and Adčle were to go downstairs.

exhibit - exposer, exposition, piece a conviction

public meeting - réunion publique

informed - informé, informer, avertir (de)

accompany - accompagner

I brushed Adčle's hair and made her neat, and having ascertained that I was myself in my usual Quaker trim, where there was nothing to retouch-all being too close and plain, braided locks included, to admit of disarrangement-we descended, Adčle wondering whether the petit coffre was at length come; for, owing to some mistake, its arrival had hitherto been delayed.

Quaker - Quaker

trim - de l'habillage, tailler, compenser, compensation

disarrangement - désordre

delayed - retardée, retarder

She was gratified: there it stood, a little carton, on the table when we entered the dining-room. She appeared to know it by instinct.

gratified - gratifié, gratifier

Carton - carton, cartouche

"Ma boite! ma boite!" exclaimed she, running towards it.

boite - boite

"Yes, there is your 'boite'at last: take it into a corner, you genuine daughter of Paris, and amuse yourself with disembowelling it," said the deep and rather sarcastic voice of Mr. Rochester, proceeding from the depths of an immense easy-chair at the fireside.

genuine - authentique

disembowelling - l'éviscération, (disembowel), éventrer, éviscérer, étriper

sarcastic - sarcastique

"And mind," he continued, "Don't bother me with any details of the anatomical process, or any notice of the condition of the entrails: let your operation be conducted in silence: tiens-toi tranquille, enfant; comprends-tu?"

Don't bother me - Ne me dérange pas

anatomical - anatomique

enfant - enfant

Adčle seemed scarcely to need the warning-she had already retired to a sofa with her treasure, and was busy untying the cord which secured the lid. Having removed this impediment, and lifted certain silvery envelopes of tissue paper, she merely exclaimed-

untying - le détachement, détacher, délier

cord - corde, cordon

lid - couvercle

impediment - obstacle, empechement, irritant, entrave

envelopes - enveloppes, enveloppe

tissue paper - du papier de soie

"Oh ciel! Que c'est beau!" and then remained absorbed in ecstatic contemplation.

absorbed in - absorbée

ecstatic - extatique

"Is Miss Eyre there?" now demanded the master, half rising from his seat to look round to the door, near which I still stood.

look round - regarder autour

"Ah! well, come forward; be seated here." He drew a chair near his own. "I am not fond of the prattle of children," he continued; "for, old bachelor as I am, I have no pleasant associations connected with their lisp. It would be intolerable to me to pass a whole evening tęte-ŕ-tęte with a brat.

bachelor - célibataire, licence

associations - associations, association

tęte - tete

ŕ - a

brat - morveux, bambin, gamin

Don't draw that chair farther off, Miss Eyre; sit down exactly where I placed it-if you please, that is. Confound these civilities! I continually forget them. Nor do I particularly affect simple-minded old ladies. By-the-bye, I must have mine in mind; it won't do to neglect her; she is a Fairfax, or wed to one; and blood is said to be thicker than water."

neglect - négliger, négligence

wed - mariage, marier, épouser

He rang, and despatched an invitation to Mrs. Fairfax, who soon arrived, knitting-basket in hand.

basket - panier

"Good evening, madam; I sent to you for a charitable purpose. I have forbidden Adčle to talk to me about her presents, and she is bursting with repletion: have the goodness to serve her as auditress and interlocutrice; it will be one of the most benevolent acts you ever performed."

forbidden - interdites, interdire, nier, dénier

bursting - l'éclatement, éclater, faire éclater, rompre, briser

repletion - réplétion

auditress - auditress

interlocutrice - interlocutrice

Adčle, indeed, no sooner saw Mrs. Fairfax, than she summoned her to her sofa, and there quickly filled her lap with the porcelain, the ivory, the waxen contents of her "boite;" pouring out, meantime, explanations and raptures in such broken English as she was mistress of.

lap - tour, clapoter

porcelain - porcelaine

ivory - ivoire

waxen - cire, (wax) cire

pouring out - qui se déverse

raptures - les ravissements, ravissement, enlevement

"Now I have performed the part of a good host," pursued Mr. Rochester, "put my guests into the way of amusing each other, I ought to be at liberty to attend to my own pleasure. Miss Eyre, draw your chair still a little farther forward: you are yet too far back; I cannot see you without disturbing my position in this comfortable chair, which I have no mind to do."

Host - l'hôte, hote, hôte

disturbing - dérangeant, déranger, perturber, gener

I did as I was bid, though I would much rather have remained somewhat in the shade; but Mr. Rochester had such a direct way of giving orders, it seemed a matter of course to obey him promptly.

We were, as I have said, in the dining-room: the lustre, which had been lit for dinner, filled the room with a festal breadth of light; the large fire was all red and clear; the purple curtains hung rich and ample before the lofty window and loftier arch; everything was still, save the subdued chat of Adčle (she dared not speak loud), and, filling up each pause, the beating of winter rain against the panes.

festal - festif

large fire - un grand feu

loftier - plus élevé, haut

filling up - en train de se remplir

Mr. Rochester, as he sat in his damask-covered chair, looked different to what I had seen him look before; not quite so stern-much less gloomy. There was a smile on his lips, and his eyes sparkled, whether with wine or not, I am not sure; but I think it very probable.

sparkled - étincelait, étincellement

probable - probable

He was, in short, in his after-dinner mood; more expanded and genial, and also more self-indulgent than the frigid and rigid temper of the morning; still he looked preciously grim, cushioning his massive head against the swelling back of his chair, and receiving the light of the fire on his granite-hewn features, and in his great, dark eyes; for he had great, dark eyes, and very fine eyes, too-not without a certain change in their depths sometimes, which, if it was not softness, reminded you, at least, of that feeling.

preciously - précieusement

cushioning - l'amortissement, coussin, amortir

granite - granite, granit

hewn - taillé, (hew) taillé

softness - la douceur, douceur

He had been looking two minutes at the fire, and I had been looking the same length of time at him, when, turning suddenly, he caught my gaze fastened on his physiognomy.

gaze - regard, fixer

"You examine me, Miss Eyre," said he: "do you think me handsome?"

I should, if I had deliberated, have replied to this question by something conventionally vague and polite; but the answer somehow slipped from my tongue before I was aware-"No, sir."

conventionally - de maniere conventionnelle

"Ah! By my word!

there is something singular about you," said he: "you have the air of a little nonnette; quaint, quiet, grave, and simple, as you sit with your hands before you, and your eyes generally bent on the carpet (except, by-the-bye, when they are directed piercingly to my face; as just now, for instance); and when one asks you a question, or makes a remark to which you are obliged to reply, you rap out a round rejoinder, which, if not blunt, is at least brusque. What do you mean by it?"

piercingly - de façon percutante

rap - rap, claque

brusque - brusque

"Sir, I was too plain; I beg your pardon. I ought to have replied that it was not easy to give an impromptu answer to a question about appearances; that tastes mostly differ; and that beauty is of little consequence, or something of that sort."

impromptu - impromptu

differ - different, différer, séparer

"You ought to have replied no such thing. Beauty of little consequence, indeed! And so, under pretence of softening the previous outrage, of stroking and soothing me into placidity, you stick a sly penknife under my ear! Go on: what fault do you find with me, pray? I suppose I have all my limbs and all my features like any other man?"

pretence - prétention

previous - précédente, préalable

outrage - l'indignation, outrage, offense, colere, rage, indignation

stroking - la caresse, (stroke) la caresse

placidity - placidité

sly - sly, sournois, malin, rusé, matois, espiegle

penknife - canif

"Mr. Rochester, allow me to disown my first answer: I intended no pointed repartee: it was only a blunder."

repartee - de la répartie, repartie

blunder - une bévue, gaffe

"Just so: I think so: and you shall be answerable for it. Criticise me: does my forehead not please you?"

answerable - répondre

criticise - critiquer

He lifted up the sable waves of hair which lay horizontally over his brow, and showed a solid enough mass of intellectual organs, but an abrupt deficiency where the suave sign of benevolence should have risen.

horizontally - horizontalement

intellectual - intellectuel, intellectuelle, intello

organs - organes, organe, orgue

benevolence - la bienveillance, bienveillance, bénévolence

"Now, ma'am, am I a fool?"

"Far from it, sir. You would, perhaps, think me rude if I inquired in return whether you are a philanthropist?"

philanthropist - philanthrope

"There again! Another stick of the penknife, when she pretended to pat my head: and that is because I said I did not like the society of children and old women (low be it spoken!).

pretended - prétendu, prétendre, prétendre a, feindre, faire semblant

Pat - pat, petite tape

No, young lady, I am not a general philanthropist; but I bear a conscience;" and he pointed to the prominences which are said to indicate that faculty, and which, fortunately for him, were sufficiently conspicuous; giving, indeed, a marked breadth to the upper part of his head: "and, besides, I once had a kind of rude tenderness of heart.

prominences - proéminences, proéminence, protubérance

indicate - indiquer, signaler

tenderness - tendresse

When I was as old as you, I was a feeling fellow enough, partial to the unfledged, unfostered, and unlucky; but Fortune has knocked me about since: she has even kneaded me with her knuckles, and now I flatter myself I am hard and tough as an India-rubber ball; pervious, though, through a chink or two still, and with one sentient point in the middle of the lump. Yes: does that leave hope for me?

partial - partiel, partial

unfledged - non flétri

unfostered - sans inquiétude

unlucky - malchanceux, poissard

kneaded - pétris, pétrir

tough - dur

India - l'inde, Inde

rubber - caoutchouc, préservatif, condom

pervious - perméable

chink - chink, interstice, cliquetis

sentient - sensible, doué de sensation, conscient, sentient

lump - lump, masse, tas, protubérance, renflement


"Hope of what, sir?"

"Of my final re-transformation from India-rubber back to flesh?"

transformation - transformation

"Decidedly he has had too much wine," I thought; and I did not know what answer to make to his queer question: how could I tell whether he was capable of being re-transformed?

decidedly - résolument, décidément, clairement

"You looked very much puzzled, Miss Eyre; and though you are not pretty any more than I am handsome, yet a puzzled air becomes you; besides, it is convenient, for it keeps those searching eyes of yours away from my physiognomy, and busies them with the worsted flowers of the rug; so puzzle on. Young lady, I am disposed to be gregarious and communicative to-night."

puzzle - mystere, énigme, puzzle, casse-tete, jeu de patience, devinette

worsted - worsted, peigné, (worst), pire

gregarious - grégaire

With this announcement he rose from his chair, and stood, leaning his arm on the marble mantelpiece: in that attitude his shape was seen plainly as well as his face; his unusual breadth of chest, disproportionate almost to his length of limb.

announcement - annoncement, annonce

disproportionate - disproportionnel, disproportionné

I am sure most people would have thought him an ugly man; yet there was so much unconscious pride in his port; so much ease in his demeanour; such a look of complete indifference to his own external appearance; so haughty a reliance on the power of other qualities, intrinsic or adventitious, to atone for the lack of mere personal attractiveness, that, in looking at him, one inevitably shared the indifference, and, even in a blind, imperfect sense, put faith in the confidence.

unconscious - inconscient, subconscient

haughty - hautain, suffisant

reliance - la confiance, confiance, dépendance

intrinsic - intrinseque

adventitious - adventice

atone - expier

attractiveness - l'attractivité, attractivité, attrait

inevitably - inévitablement

"I am disposed to be gregarious and communicative to-night," he repeated, "and that is why I sent for you: the fire and the chandelier were not sufficient company for me; nor would Pilot have been, for none of these can talk. Adčle is a degree better, but still far below the mark; Mrs.

Fairfax ditto; you, I am persuaded, can suit me if you will: you puzzled me the first evening I invited you down here. I have almost forgotten you since: other ideas have driven yours from my head; but to-night I am resolved to be at ease; to dismiss what importunes, and recall what pleases. It would please me now to draw you out-to learn more of you-therefore speak."

Ditto - idem, dito

persuaded - persuadé, persuader, convaincre

dismiss - renvoyer, limoger, licencier, démettre

Instead of speaking, I smiled; and not a very complacent or submissive smile either.

complacent - complaisant

submissive - soumis

"Speak," he urged.

"What about, sir?"

"Whatever you like. I leave both the choice of subject and the manner of treating it entirely to yourself."

treating - traiter, traitant, (treat), négocier, régaler, guérir

Accordingly I sat and said nothing: "If he expects me to talk for the mere sake of talking and showing off, he will find he has addressed himself to the wrong person," I thought.

"You are dumb, Miss Eyre."

I was dumb still. He bent his head a little towards me, and with a single hasty glance seemed to dive into my eyes.

dive - plongée, plongeons, plongez, plonge, plongent, plonger

"Stubborn?" he said, "and annoyed. Ah! it is consistent. I put my request in an absurd, almost insolent form. Miss Eyre, I beg your pardon. The fact is, once for all, I don't wish to treat you like an inferior: that is" (correcting himself), "I claim only such superiority as must result from twenty years'difference in age and a century's advance in experience.

stubborn - tetu, tetu, enteté, borné

annoyed - agacé, gener, ennuyer, embeter, agacer, asticoter

consistent - cohérent

superiority - supériorité

advance - élever, avancer, avancée, progression, avance, souscription

This is legitimate, et j'y tiens, as Adčle would say; and it is by virtue of this superiority, and this alone, that I desire you to have the goodness to talk to me a little now, and divert my thoughts, which are galled with dwelling on one point-cankering as a rusty nail."

et - et

divert - détourner, dévier, divertir

galled - épouvantée, bile

nail - clou, ongle, enclouer, clouer, caboche

He had deigned an explanation, almost an apology, and I did not feel insensible to his condescension, and would not seem so.

deigned - conçu, daigner, condescendre

apology - des excuses, excuse, apologie

insensible - insensible

"I am willing to amuse you, if I can, sir-quite willing; but I cannot introduce a topic, because how do I know what will interest you? Ask me questions, and I will do my best to answer them."

"Then, in the first place, do you agree with me that I have a right to be a little masterful, abrupt, perhaps exacting, sometimes, on the grounds I stated, namely, that I am old enough to be your father, and that I have battled through a varied experience with many men of many nations, and roamed over half the globe, while you have lived quietly with one set of people in one house?"

masterful - magistral

battled - s'est battu, bataille, combat

roamed - a erré, errer

globe - Terre, globe

"Do as you please, sir."

"That is no answer; or rather it is a very irritating, because a very evasive one. Reply clearly."

irritating - irritant, agacer (displeasure)

"I don't think, sir, you have a right to command me, merely because you are older than I, or because you have seen more of the world than I have; your claim to superiority depends on the use you have made of your time and experience."

"Humph! Promptly spoken. But I won't allow that, seeing that it would never suit my case, as I have made an indifferent, not to say a bad, use of both advantages. Leaving superiority out of the question, then, you must still agree to receive my orders now and then, without being piqued or hurt by the tone of command. Will you?"

piqued - piquée, dépit

I smiled: I thought to myself Mr. Rochester is peculiar-he seems to forget that he pays me Ł30 per annum for receiving his orders.

"The smile is very well," said he, catching instantly the passing expression; "but speak too."

"I was thinking, sir, that very few masters would trouble themselves to inquire whether or not their paid subordinates were piqued and hurt by their orders."

masters - maîtres, maître/-tresse

subordinates - des subordonnés, subordonné, subordonnée, subordonnés-p

"Paid subordinates! What! you are my paid subordinate, are you? Oh yes, I had forgotten the salary! Well then, on that mercenary ground, will you agree to let me hector a little?"

subordinate - subordonné, subordonnée, subordonnés, subordonnées

mercenary - mercenaire

"No, sir, not on that ground; but, on the ground that you did forget it, and that you care whether or not a dependent is comfortable in his dependency, I agree heartily."

dependency - dépendance

heartily - chaleureusement

"And will you consent to dispense with a great many conventional forms and phrases, without thinking that the omission arises from insolence?"

consent - consentir, approuver, agréer, consentement, approbation

dispense - émettre, distribuer, partager, dispenser, doser

conventional - conventionnelle

omission - omission, oubli

arises from - Proviennent de

insolence - insolence

"I am sure, sir, I should never mistake informality for insolence: one I rather like, the other nothing free-born would submit to, even for a salary."

informality - l'informalité, informalité

"Humbug! Most things free-born will submit to anything for a salary; therefore, keep to yourself, and don't venture on generalities of which you are intensely ignorant.

Venture - venture, s'aventurer, risquer, oser

However, I mentally shake hands with you for your answer, despite its inaccuracy; and as much for the manner in which it was said, as for the substance of the speech; the manner was frank and sincere; one does not often see such a manner: no, on the contrary, affectation, or coldness, or stupid, coarse-minded misapprehension of one's meaning are the usual rewards of candour.

shake hands - serrer la main

despite - en dépit de, malgré

inaccuracy - l'inexactitude, erreur, checkfaute, inacuratesse

affectation - affectation

rewards - des récompenses, récompense

candour - candeur

Not three in three thousand raw school-girl-governesses would have answered me as you have just done. But I don't mean to flatter you: if you are cast in a different mould to the majority, it is no merit of yours: Nature did it.

mould - moule, modeler

majority - majorité

And then, after all, I go too fast in my conclusions: for what I yet know, you may be no better than the rest; you may have intolerable defects to counterbalance your few good points."

conclusions - conclusions, conclusion, fin

counterbalance - contrepoids, contrebalancer

"And so may you," I thought. My eye met his as the idea crossed my mind: he seemed to read the glance, answering as if its import had been spoken as well as imagined-

"Yes, yes, you are right," said he; "I have plenty of faults of my own: I know it, and I don't wish to palliate them, I assure you. God wot I need not be too severe about others; I have a past existence, a series of deeds, a colour of life to contemplate within my own breast, which might well call my sneers and censures from my neighbours to myself.

plenty - l'abondance, abondance

palliate - pallier, atténuer, remedier a, soulager

wot - quoi, (wit) quoi

contemplate - envisager, étudier, contempler

sneers - ricanements, sourire d'un air méprisant

censures - censures, décrier, fr

I started, or rather (for like other defaulters, I like to lay half the blame on ill fortune and adverse circumstances) was thrust on to a wrong tack at the age of one-and-twenty, and have never recovered the right course since: but I might have been very different; I might have been as good as you-wiser-almost as stainless.

adverse - défavorable

tack - tack, punaise

recovered - récupéré, recouvrer (la santé)

wiser - plus sage, sage

stainless - inoxydable

I envy you your peace of mind, your clean conscience, your unpolluted memory. Little girl, a memory without blot or contamination must be an exquisite treasure-an inexhaustible source of pure refreshment: is it not?"

envy - l'envie, envie, jalousie, convoitise, envier

unpolluted - non pollué

blot - tache, (ink) pâté, souillure, tacher

contamination - contamination

exquisite - exquis

inexhaustible - inépuisable

"How was your memory when you were eighteen, sir?"

"All right then; limpid, salubrious: no gush of bilge water had turned it to fetid puddle. I was your equal at eighteen-quite your equal. Nature meant me to be, on the whole, a good man, Miss Eyre; one of the better kind, and you see I am not so.

limpid - limpide

salubrious - salubre

gush - jaillissement, jaillir

bilge - fond de cale, sentine

puddle - flaque, flaque d'eau, gouille

You would say you don't see it; at least I flatter myself I read as much in your eye (beware, by-the-bye, what you express with that organ; I am quick at interpreting its language).

Beware - méfiez-vous !, faire attention

interpreting - l'interprétation, interpréter, traduire

Then take my word for it,-I am not a villain: you are not to suppose that-not to attribute to me any such bad eminence; but, owing, I verily believe, rather to circumstances than to my natural bent, I am a trite commonplace sinner, hackneyed in all the poor petty dissipations with which the rich and worthless try to put on life. Do you wonder that I avow this to you?

villain - scélérat, méchant, vilain, paysan

attribute to - attribuer a

eminence - éminence

sinner - pécheur, pécheresse

hackneyed - éculé, voiture de louage, taxi

petty - petit, insignifiant, mesquin

dissipations - dissipations, débauche

avow - avow, avouer, confesser

Know, that in the course of your future life you will often find yourself elected the involuntary confidant of your acquaintances'secrets: people will instinctively find out, as I have done, that it is not your forte to tell of yourself, but to listen while others talk of themselves; they will feel, too, that you listen with no malevolent scorn of their indiscretion, but with a kind of innate sympathy; not the less comforting and encouraging because it is very unobtrusive in its manifestations."

elected - élus, élu, élue, choisir, décider, élire

confidant - confidente, confident

acquaintances - des connaissances, relation, qualifier

forte - grosseur

indiscretion - indiscrétion

innate - inné

comforting - réconfortant, confort, consoler

unobtrusive - discret

manifestations - manifestations, manifestation

"How do you know?-how can you guess all this, sir?"

"I know it well; therefore I proceed almost as freely as if I were writing my thoughts in a diary. You would say, I should have been superior to circumstances; so I should-so I should; but you see I was not. When fate wronged me, I had not the wisdom to remain cool: I turned desperate; then I degenerated.

proceed - avancer, procéder

wisdom - la sagesse, sagesse

degenerated - dégénéré, dégradé

Now, when any vicious simpleton excites my disgust by his paltry ribaldry, I cannot flatter myself that I am better than he: I am forced to confess that he and I are on a level. I wish I had stood firm-God knows I do! Dread remorse when you are tempted to err, Miss Eyre; remorse is the poison of life."

simpleton - simplet, nigaud, niais, naif

excites - excite, exciter

paltry - dérisoire, misérable

ribaldry - ribaldry, grivoiserie, paillardises

tempted - tentés, tenter, attirer

err - err, errons, errez, errent

poison - poison, empoisonner

"Repentance is said to be its cure, sir."

repentance - le repentir, repentance, repentir

"It is not its cure. Reformation may be its cure; and I could reform-I have strength yet for that-if-but where is the use of thinking of it, hampered, burdened, cursed as I am? Besides, since happiness is irrevocably denied me, I have a right to get pleasure out of life: and I will get it, cost what it may."

reformation - la réforme, réformation, Réforme, réforme protestante

hampered - entravée, entraver

cursed - maudis, maudite, maudites, maudits, maudit, (curs) maudis

irrevocably - irrévocablement

"Then you will degenerate still more, sir."

"Possibly: yet why should I, if I can get sweet, fresh pleasure? And I may get it as sweet and fresh as the wild honey the bee gathers on the moor."

honey - chérie, miel

bee - abeille

gathers - rassemble, rassembler, ramasser, recueillir, assembler

moor - lande, lier, attacher

"It will sting-it will taste bitter, sir."

sting - piqure, morsure, aiguillon, piquons, piquer, piquent

"How do you know?-you never tried it. How very serious-how very solemn you look: and you are as ignorant of the matter as this cameo head" (taking one from the mantelpiece). "You have no right to preach to me, you neophyte, that have not passed the porch of life, and are absolutely unacquainted with its mysteries."

cameo - camaieu, caméo

preach - precher, precher, proclamer

neophyte - néophyte

porch - porche, véranda, portique

absolutely - absolument

unacquainted - pas connu

mysteries - mysteres, mystere

"I only remind you of your own words, sir: you said error brought remorse, and you pronounced remorse the poison of existence."

"And who talks of error now? I scarcely think the notion that flittered across my brain was an error. I believe it was an inspiration rather than a temptation: it was very genial, very soothing-I know that. Here it comes again! It is no devil, I assure you; or if it be, it has put on the robes of an angel of light. I think I must admit so fair a guest when it asks entrance to my heart."

inspiration - l'inspiration, inspiration

temptation - la tentation, tentation

devil - Diable, Satan, type

"Distrust it, sir; it is not a true angel."

distrust - défiance, méfiance, se méfier

"Once more, how do you know? By what instinct do you pretend to distinguish between a fallen seraph of the abyss and a messenger from the eternal throne-between a guide and a seducer?"

pretend - prétendre, prétendre a, feindre, faire semblant

messenger - messager, coursier

eternal - éternelle, éternel

seducer - séducteur, séductrice

"I judged by your countenance, sir, which was troubled when you said the suggestion had returned upon you. I feel sure it will work you more misery if you listen to it."

judged - jugée, juger

misery - la misere, misere

"Not at all-it bears the most gracious message in the world: for the rest, you are not my conscience-keeper, so don't make yourself uneasy. Here, come in, bonny wanderer!"

most gracious - le plus gracieux

keeper - gardien, gardienne, perle, conservateur, conservatrice

uneasy - mal a l'aise, inquiet

bonny - bonny

He said this as if he spoke to a vision, viewless to any eye but his own; then, folding his arms, which he had half extended, on his chest, he seemed to enclose in their embrace the invisible being.

"Now," he continued, again addressing me, "I have received the pilgrim-a disguised deity, as I verily believe. Already it has done me good: my heart was a sort of charnel; it will now be a shrine."

pilgrim - pelerin, pelerin

disguised - déguisé, déguisement, déguiser

Deity - la divinité, déité, divinité

"To speak truth, sir, I don't understand you at all: I cannot keep up the conversation, because it has got out of my depth. Only one thing, I know: you said you were not as good as you should like to be, and that you regretted your own imperfection;-one thing I can comprehend: you intimated that to have a sullied memory was a perpetual bane.

I cannot keep up - Je ne peux pas suivre

sullied - souillé, salir, souiller

perpetual - perpétuel

bane - bane

It seems to me, that if you tried hard, you would in time find it possible to become what you yourself would approve; and that if from this day you began with resolution to correct your thoughts and actions, you would in a few years have laid up a new and stainless store of recollections, to which you might revert with pleasure."

revert - revenir, conversion, retomber, retourner, redevenir, renvoyer

"Justly thought; rightly said, Miss Eyre; and, at this moment, I am paving hell with energy."

paving - le pavage, dallage, (pave), paver


"I am laying down good intentions, which I believe durable as flint. Certainly, my associates and pursuits shall be other than they have been."

laying down - en s'allongeant

intentions - intentions, intention

durable - durable

Flint - flint, silex, pierre a fusil, pierre a briquet

associates - associés, fréquenter, associer

pursuits - des activités, poursuite

"And better?"

"And better-so much better as pure ore is than foul dross. You seem to doubt me; I don't doubt myself: I know what my aim is, what my motives are; and at this moment I pass a law, unalterable as that of the Medes and Persians, that both are right."

ore - minerai

foul - la faute, infâme

motives - motivations, motif, mobile, theme, motiver

unalterable - inaltérable

"They cannot be, sir, if they require a new statute to legalise them."

statute - statut

legalise - légaliser

"They are, Miss Eyre, though they absolutely require a new statute: unheard-of combinations of circumstances demand unheard-of rules."

unheard - non entendue

combinations - combinaisons, combinaison

"That sounds a dangerous maxim, sir; because one can see at once that it is liable to abuse."

maxim - maxime, sentence

"Sententious sage! so it is: but I swear by my household gods not to abuse it."

sententious - sentencieux

sage - sage, sauge, sensé

swear - jurer, blasphémer, jurez, jurons, jurent

"You are human and fallible."

fallible - faillible

"I am: so are you-what then?"

"The human and fallible should not arrogate a power with which the divine and perfect alone can be safely intrusted."

arrogate - rench: s'arroger

safely - prudemment, en toute sécurité

"What power?"

"That of saying of any strange, unsanctioned line of action,-'Let it be right.'"

unsanctioned - non sanctionné

"'Let it be right'-the very words: you have pronounced them."

"May it be right then," I said, as I rose, deeming it useless to continue a discourse which was all darkness to me; and, besides, sensible that the character of my interlocutor was beyond my penetration; at least, beyond its present reach; and feeling the uncertainty, the vague sense of insecurity, which accompanies a conviction of ignorance.

interlocutor - interlocuteur

penetration - pénétration

insecurity - l'insécurité, insécurité

accompanies - accompagne, accompagner

"Where are you going?"

"To put Adčle to bed: it is past her bedtime."

"You are afraid of me, because I talk like a Sphynx."

"Your language is enigmatical, sir: but though I am bewildered, I am certainly not afraid."

enigmatical - énigmatique

"You are afraid-your self-love dreads a blunder."

self-love - (self-love) l'amour de soi

dreads - dreads, redouter, craindre, crainte

"In that sense I do feel apprehensive-I have no wish to talk nonsense."

"If you did, it would be in such a grave, quiet manner, I should mistake it for sense. Do you never laugh, Miss Eyre? Don't trouble yourself to answer-I see you laugh rarely; but you can laugh very merrily: believe me, you are not naturally austere, any more than I am naturally vicious.

merrily - joyeusement, gaiement

austere - austere, austere

The Lowood constraint still clings to you somewhat; controlling your features, muffling your voice, and restricting your limbs; and you fear in the presence of a man and a brother-or father, or master, or what you will-to smile too gaily, speak too freely, or move too quickly: but, in time, I think you will learn to be natural with me, as I find it impossible to be conventional with you; and then your looks and movements will have more vivacity and variety than they dare offer now. I see at intervals the glance of a curious sort of bird through the close-set bars of a cage: a vivid, restless, resolute captive is there; were it but free, it would soar cloud-high. You are still bent on going?"

constraint - contrainte

clings to - s'accrocher a

muffling - l'assourdissement, assourdissant, (muffle), couvrir

restricting - restrictive, restreindre, limiter

vivacity - vivacité

cage - cage, encager

restless - inquiet, agité, checkimpatient

resolute - résolu, résolue, ferme, déterminé

captive - captif, captive

soar - s'envoler, planer, monter, s'élever, grimper en fleche

"It has struck nine, sir."

"Never mind,-wait a minute: Adčle is not ready to go to bed yet. My position, Miss Eyre, with my back to the fire, and my face to the room, favours observation. While talking to you, I have also occasionally watched Adčle (I have my own reasons for thinking her a curious study,-reasons that I may, nay, that I shall, impart to you some day).

Nay - nay, ou plutôt, voire, que dis-je

She pulled out of her box, about ten minutes ago, a little pink silk frock; rapture lit her face as she unfolded it; coquetry runs in her blood, blends with her brains, and seasons the marrow of her bones. 'Il faut que je l'essaie!'cried she, 'et ŕ l'instant męme!'and she rushed out of the room.

rapture - le ravissement, ravissement, enlevement

unfolded - déployé, déplier, dérouler, fr

coquetry - coquetterie, coquetisme

blends - des mélanges, mélange, mélanger, meler, mixer

marrow - moelle

męme - meme

She is now with Sophie, undergoing a robing process: in a few minutes she will re-enter; and I know what I shall see,-a miniature of Céline Varens, as she used to appear on the boards at the rising of-But never mind that. However, my tenderest feelings are about to receive a shock: such is my presentiment; stay now, to see whether it will be realised."

undergoing - en cours, subir

robing - vol, (rob) vol

tenderest - le plus tendre, tendre

presentiment - pressentiment

Ere long, Adčle's little foot was heard tripping across the hall. She entered, transformed as her guardian had predicted. A dress of rose-coloured satin, very short, and as full in the skirt as it could be gathered, replaced the brown frock she had previously worn; a wreath of rosebuds circled her forehead; her feet were dressed in silk stockings and small white satin sandals.

little foot - petit pied

previously - autrefois, auparavant, antérieurement, précédemment

silk stockings - des bas de soie

sandals - des sandales, sandale

"Est-ce que ma robe va bien?" cried she, bounding forwards; "et mes souliers? et mes bas? Tenez, je crois que je vais danser!"

robe - robe de chambre, robe

bas - bas, (BA) bas

And spreading out her dress, she chasséed across the room till, having reached Mr. Rochester, she wheeled lightly round before him on tip-toe, then dropped on one knee at his feet, exclaiming-

toe - l'orteil, orteil, doigt de pied

"Monsieur, je vous remercie mille fois de votre bonté;" then rising, she added, "C'est comme cela que maman faisait, n'est-ce pas, monsieur?"

mille - mille

"Pre-cise-ly!" was the answer; "and, 'comme cela,'she charmed my English gold out of my British breeches'pocket. I have been green, too, Miss Eyre,-ay, grass green: not a more vernal tint freshens you now than once freshened me. My Spring is gone, however, but it has left me that French floweret on my hands, which, in some moods, I would fain be rid of.

pre - pré

ly - ly, al, a.l

breeches - culotte, culasse

vernal - vernal, printanier

floweret - floweret

moods - d'humeur, humeur

Not valuing now the root whence it sprang; having found that it was of a sort which nothing but gold dust could manure, I have but half a liking to the blossom, especially when it looks so artificial as just now. I keep it and rear it rather on the Roman Catholic principle of expiating numerous sins, great or small, by one good work. I'll explain all this some day. Good-night."

valuing - l'évaluation, valeur

root - racine, enraciner, enracinez, enracinons, enracinent, rave

manure - du fumier, fumier, purin

blossom - fleur, floraison, fleurir, s'épanouir

Catholic - catholique

sins - péchés, péché, mal


Mr. Rochester did, on a future occasion, explain it. It was one afternoon, when he chanced to meet me and Adčle in the grounds: and while she played with Pilot and her shuttlecock, he asked me to walk up and down a long beech avenue within sight of her.

shuttlecock - le volant, volant

beech - hetre, hetre

avenue - avenue

He then said that she was the daughter of a French opera-dancer, Céline Varens, towards whom he had once cherished what he called a "grande passion." This passion Céline had professed to return with even superior ardour. He thought himself her idol, ugly as he was: he believed, as he said, that she preferred his "taille d'athlčte" to the elegance of the Apollo Belvidere.

grande - grande

idol - idole

taille - taille

athlčte - athlete

Apollo - apollo, apollon

"And, Miss Eyre, so much was I flattered by this preference of the Gallic sylph for her British gnome, that I installed her in an hotel; gave her a complete establishment of servants, a carriage, cashmeres, diamonds, dentelles, &c. In short, I began the process of ruining myself in the received style, like any other spoony.

flattered - flattée, flatter

preference - préférence

Gallic - gaulois

sylph - sylphe, sylphide

gnome - gnome

cashmeres - cashmeres, cachemire

Diamonds - des diamants, (de/en) diamant

ruining - la ruine, ruinant, (ruin), ruine, ruiner, abîmer

spoony - spoony

I had not, it seems, the originality to chalk out a new road to shame and destruction, but trode the old track with stupid exactness not to deviate an inch from the beaten centre. I had-as I deserved to have-the fate of all other spoonies.

originality - l'originalité, originalité

chalk - craie, magnésie

destruction - la destruction, destruction

trode - trode

exactness - l'exactitude, exactitude

deviate - dévier

Happening to call one evening when Céline did not expect me, I found her out; but it was a warm night, and I was tired with strolling through Paris, so I sat down in her boudoir; happy to breathe the air consecrated so lately by her presence.

strolling - se promener, (stroll), promenade, flânerie, balade, promener

breathe - respirer, inspirer, expirer, reprendre son souffle

consecrated - consacré, consacrer

No,-I exaggerate; I never thought there was any consecrating virtue about her: it was rather a sort of pastille perfume she had left; a scent of musk and amber, than an odour of sanctity. I was just beginning to stifle with the fumes of conservatory flowers and sprinkled essences, when I bethought myself to open the window and step out on to the balcony.

consecrating - la consécration, consacrer

perfume - parfum, fragrance, parfumer

musk - musc

amber - l'ambre, ambre, ambre jaune, couleur d'ambre, feu orange

sanctity - sainteté

sprinkled - saupoudré, saupoudrer, asperger

essences - essences, essence

balcony - balcon

It was moonlight and gaslight besides, and very still and serene. The balcony was furnished with a chair or two; I sat down, and took out a cigar,-I will take one now, if you will excuse me."

gaslight - l'éclairage au gaz

cigar - cigare

Here ensued a pause, filled up by the producing and lighting of a cigar; having placed it to his lips and breathed a trail of Havannah incense on the freezing and sunless air, he went on-

ensued - s'ensuivit, résulter, découler

trail - pister, suivre, traîner, piste, traces, sentier, chasse

incense - de l'encens, encens

freezing - la congélation, polaire, solidification, anesthésie

"I liked bonbons too in those days, Miss Eyre, and I was croquant-(overlook the barbarism)-croquant chocolate comfits, and smoking alternately, watching meantime the equipages that rolled along the fashionable streets towards the neighbouring opera-house, when in an elegant close carriage drawn by a beautiful pair of English horses, and distinctly seen in the brilliant city-night, I recognised the 'voiture'I had given Céline. She was returning: of course my heart thumped with impatience against the iron rails I leant upon. The carriage stopped, as I had expected, at the hotel door; my flame (that is the very word for an opera inamorata) alighted: though muffed in a cloak-an unnecessary encumbrance, by-the-bye, on so warm a June evening-I knew her instantly by her little foot, seen peeping from the skirt of her dress, as she skipped from the carriage-step. Bending over the balcony, I was about to murmur 'Mon ange'-in a tone, of course, which should be audible to the ear of love alone-when a figure jumped from the carriage after her; cloaked also; but that was a spurred heel which had rung on the pavement, and that was a hatted head which now passed under the arched porte cochčre of the hotel.

overlook - vue, panorama, surplomber, négliger, louper, passer outre

barbarism - la barbarie, barbarisme

equipages - équipements, bagages, fourgons, train des équipages, équipage

fashionable - a la mode, a la mode, en vogue, fashionable

thumped - frappé, coup sourd, tambouriner

Impatience - impatience

rails - rails, barre, tringle

inamorata - inamorata

peeping - de l'espionnage, regarder qqch a la dérobée

skipped - sauté, sautiller

mon - Mon

cloaked - occulté, pelisse, pelerine

arched - en arc de cercle, voute, arche

porte - Porte

cochčre - cochere

"You never felt jealousy, did you, Miss Eyre? Of course not: I need not ask you; because you never felt love. You have both sentiments yet to experience: your soul sleeps; the shock is yet to be given which shall waken it. You think all existence lapses in as quiet a flow as that in which your youth has hitherto slid away.

sentiments - sentiments, sentiment

lapses - lapsus, erreur, faute

slid - glissée, (slide), glisser, déraper, toboggan, glissoire

Floating on with closed eyes and muffled ears, you neither see the rocks bristling not far off in the bed of the flood, nor hear the breakers boil at their base.

floating - flottant, (float), flotter, flotteur, taloche, char

bristling - se hérisser, soie, poil

flood - inondation, inonder, submerger, noyer

But I tell you-and you may mark my words-you will come some day to a craggy pass in the channel, where the whole of life's stream will be broken up into whirl and tumult, foam and noise: either you will be dashed to atoms on crag points, or lifted up and borne on by some master-wave into a calmer current-as I am now.

pass in - passer en

Channel - canal, tube, tuyau

whirl - tourbillon, tourbillonner

dashed - en pointillés, tiret, trait, ta, sprint, soupçon, se précipiter

atoms - atomes, atome

calmer - plus calme, calme, tranquille, calme plat, calmer

current - courant, présent, actuel

"I like this day; I like that sky of steel; I like the sternness and stillness of the world under this frost. I like Thornfield, its antiquity, its retirement, its old crow-trees and thorn-trees, its grey façade, and lines of dark windows reflecting that metal welkin: and yet how long have I abhorred the very thought of it, shunned it like a great plague-house? How I do still abhor-"

façade - façade

reflecting - réfléchissant, refléter, réfléchir

welkin - peau d'orange, ouelquin

abhorred - abhorré, avoir horreur

plague - peste, fléau, plaie, calamité, affliger

He ground his teeth and was silent: he arrested his step and struck his boot against the hard ground. Some hated thought seemed to have him in its grip, and to hold him so tightly that he could not advance.

grip - poignée, ballot, grippe, saisir, agripper, préhension

tightly - étanche, fermement

We were ascending the avenue when he thus paused; the hall was before us. Lifting his eye to its battlements, he cast over them a glare such as I never saw before or since. Pain, shame, ire, impatience, disgust, detestation, seemed momentarily to hold a quivering conflict in the large pupil dilating under his ebon eyebrow.

detestation - détestation

dilating - dilatation, dilater, se dilater

eyebrow - sourcils, sourcil

Wild was the wrestle which should be paramount; but another feeling rose and triumphed: something hard and cynical: self-willed and resolute: it settled his passion and petrified his countenance: he went on-

wrestle - lutter

paramount - capital, primordial

triumphed - triomphé, triomphe

cynical - cynique

"During the moment I was silent, Miss Eyre, I was arranging a point with my destiny. She stood there, by that beech-trunk-a hag like one of those who appeared to Macbeth on the heath of Forres. 'You like Thornfield?

hag - hag, sorcierere

'she said, lifting her finger; and then she wrote in the air a memento, which ran in lurid hieroglyphics all along the house-front, between the upper and lower row of windows, 'Like it if you can! Like it if you dare!'

memento - mémento, souvenir

hieroglyphics - des hiéroglyphes, hiéroglyphique

"'I will like it,'said I; 'I dare like it;'and" (he subjoined moodily) "I will keep my word; I will break obstacles to happiness, to goodness-yes, goodness. I wish to be a better man than I have been, than I am; as Job's leviathan broke the spear, the dart, and the habergeon, hindrances which others count as iron and brass, I will esteem but straw and rotten wood."

moodily - changeante

obstacles - obstacles, obstacle

leviathan - leviathan, léviathan, léviathanique

spear - lance, javelot

habergeon - habergeon

hindrances - des obstacles, entrave, obstacle

Adčle here ran before him with her shuttlecock. "Away!" he cried harshly; "keep at a distance, child; or go in to Sophie!" Continuing then to pursue his walk in silence, I ventured to recall him to the point whence he had abruptly diverged-

diverged - ont divergé, diverger

"Did you leave the balcony, sir," I asked, "when Mdlle. Varens entered?"

I almost expected a rebuff for this hardly well-timed question, but, on the contrary, waking out of his scowling abstraction, he turned his eyes towards me, and the shade seemed to clear off his brow. "Oh, I had forgotten Céline! Well, to resume.

rebuff - rebuffade

scowling - se renfrogner, (scowl) se renfrogner

clear off - Dégager

When I saw my charmer thus come in accompanied by a cavalier, I seemed to hear a hiss, and the green snake of jealousy, rising on undulating coils from the moonlit balcony, glided within my waistcoat, and ate its way in two minutes to my heart's core. Strange!" he exclaimed, suddenly starting again from the point.

cavalier - nonchalant, cavalier, chevalier

hiss - sifflement, siffler

undulating - ondulée, onduler, ondoyer

Coils - bobines, enrouler

core - noyau

"Strange that I should choose you for the confidant of all this, young lady; passing strange that you should listen to me quietly, as if it were the most usual thing in the world for a man like me to tell stories of his opera-mistresses to a quaint, inexperienced girl like you!

most usual - le plus habituel

mistresses - maîtresses, maîtresse, amante

But the last singularity explains the first, as I intimated once before: you, with your gravity, considerateness, and caution were made to be the recipient of secrets. Besides, I know what sort of a mind I have placed in communication with my own: I know it is one not liable to take infection: it is a peculiar mind: it is a unique one.

Singularity - singularité, point de fuite

considerateness - ménagement

caution - prudence, admonition, checkavertissement, checkmise en garde

recipient - receveur, receveuse, destinataire, récipiendaire

Happily I do not mean to harm it: but, if I did, it would not take harm from me. The more you and I converse, the better; for while I cannot blight you, you may refresh me." After this digression he proceeded-

harm - le mal, mal, tort, dommage, nuire a, faire du mal a

refresh - revigorer, rafraîchir

digression - digression

"I remained in the balcony. 'They will come to her boudoir, no doubt,'thought I: 'let me prepare an ambush.

ambush - embuscade

' So putting my hand in through the open window, I drew the curtain over it, leaving only an opening through which I could take observations; then I closed the casement, all but a chink just wide enough to furnish an outlet to lovers'whispered vows: then I stole back to my chair; and as I resumed it the pair came in. My eye was quickly at the aperture.

vows - voux, voeu, vou, jurer

Céline's chamber-maid entered, lit a lamp, left it on the table, and withdrew.

The couple were thus revealed to me clearly: both removed their cloaks, and there was 'the Varens,'shining in satin and jewels,-my gifts of course,-and there was her companion in an officer's uniform; and I knew him for a young roué of a vicomte-a brainless and vicious youth whom I had sometimes met in society, and had never thought of hating because I despised him so absolutely.

cloaks - les manteaux, pelisse, pelerine

vicomte - vicomte

brainless - sans cervelle

despised - méprisé, mépriser, dédaigner

On recognising him, the fang of the snake Jealousy was instantly broken; because at the same moment my love for Céline sank under an extinguisher. A woman who could betray me for such a rival was not worth contending for; she deserved only scorn; less, however, than I, who had been her dupe.

Fang - fang, croc

betray - trahir, livrer

rival - rival, rivale, rivaliser

contending - en lice, contestant, (contend) en lice

dupe - dupe

"They began to talk; their conversation eased me completely: frivolous, mercenary, heartless, and senseless, it was rather calculated to weary than enrage a listener. A card of mine lay on the table; this being perceived, brought my name under discussion.

eased - assoupli, facilité, repos, abaisser, abréger, amoindrir

heartless - sans cour, sans-cour

enrage - rendre furieux, mettre en rage, enrager

Neither of them possessed energy or wit to belabour me soundly, but they insulted me as coarsely as they could in their little way: especially Céline, who even waxed rather brilliant on my personal defects-deformities she termed them.

belabour - bélabour

insulted - insulté, insulter, insulte

coarsely - grossierement, grossierement

waxed - ciré, cire

Now it had been her custom to launch out into fervent admiration of what she called my 'beauté mâle:'wherein she differed diametrically from you, who told me point-blank, at the second interview, that you did not think me handsome. The contrast struck me at the time and-"

launch - lancement, lancent, pistonner, lancez, lançons, lancer

differed - différaient, différer (de)

Adčle here came running up again.

"Monsieur, John has just been to say that your agent has called and wishes to see you."

"Ah! in that case I must abridge. Opening the window, I walked in upon them; liberated Céline from my protection; gave her notice to vacate her hotel; offered her a purse for immediate exigencies; disregarded screams, hysterics, prayers, protestations, convulsions; made an appointment with the vicomte for a meeting at the Bois de Boulogne.

abridge - abréger

liberated - libéré, libérer

screams - des cris, cri, crier

Hysterics - l'hystérie, hystérique

convulsions - des convulsions, convulsion

appointment - nomination, rendez-vous, rance

Next morning I had the pleasure of encountering him; left a bullet in one of his poor etiolated arms, feeble as the wing of a chicken in the pip, and then thought I had done with the whole crew.

encountering - rencontre, rencontrer

bullet - balle, projectile

Wing - aile, ailier, improviser

pip - pip, graine, grain

crew - l'équipage, équipage

But unluckily the Varens, six months before, had given me this filette Adčle, who, she affirmed, was my daughter; and perhaps she may be, though I see no proofs of such grim paternity written in her countenance: Pilot is more like me than she. Some years after I had broken with the mother, she abandoned her child, and ran away to Italy with a musician or singer.

unluckily - par malchance, malheuresement

filette - filette

proofs - preuves, preuve, épreuve

paternity - paternité

Italy - l'italie, Italie

I acknowledged no natural claim on Adčle's part to be supported by me, nor do I now acknowledge any, for I am not her father; but hearing that she was quite destitute, I e'en took the poor thing out of the slime and mud of Paris, and transplanted it here, to grow up clean in the wholesome soil of an English country garden. Mrs.

acknowledge - reconnaître, accuser réception, certifier

destitute - sans ressources

slime - de la bave, slime, glaire, bave

mud - de la boue, boue, bourbe, vase

transplanted - transplanté, transplanter, déplacer, greffer

wholesome - salubre, sain, vertueux

soil - sol, terre, barbouillons, barbouiller, foncierere

Fairfax found you to train it; but now you know that it is the illegitimate offspring of a French opera-girl, you will perhaps think differently of your post and protégée: you will be coming to me some day with notice that you have found another place-that you beg me to look out for a new governess, &c.-Eh?"

illegitimate - illégitime

offspring - de la progéniture, enfant, enfance, progéniture, descendance

protégée - protégée

eh - eh

"No: Adčle is not answerable for either her mother's faults or yours: I have a regard for her; and now that I know she is, in a sense, parentless-forsaken by her mother and disowned by you, sir-I shall cling closer to her than before.

disowned - désavouée, renier

How could I possibly prefer the spoilt pet of a wealthy family, who would hate her governess as a nuisance, to a lonely little orphan, who leans towards her as a friend?"

leans - s'appuie, pencher

"Oh, that is the light in which you view it! Well, I must go in now; and you too: it darkens."

darkens - s'assombrit, obscurcir, assombrir, foncer

But I stayed out a few minutes longer with Adčle and Pilot-ran a race with her, and played a game of battledore and shuttlecock.

battledore - battledore, battoir

When we went in, and I had removed her bonnet and coat, I took her on my knee; kept her there an hour, allowing her to prattle as she liked: not rebuking even some little freedoms and trivialities into which she was apt to stray when much noticed, and which betrayed in her a superficiality of character, inherited probably from her mother, hardly congenial to an English mind.

rebuking - la réprimande, reproche, réprimande, reprendre, réprimander

freedoms - libertés, liberté

inherited - hérité, hériter

congenial - semblable, sympathique, agréable

Still she had her merits; and I was disposed to appreciate all that was good in her to the utmost. I sought in her countenance and features a likeness to Mr. Rochester, but found none: no trait, no turn of expression announced relationship. It was a pity: if she could but have been proved to resemble him, he would have thought more of her.

merits - mérites, mérite, mériter

appreciate - etre reconnaissant de, apprécier a sa juste valeur

utmost - le plus important, extreme, plus grand, supreme, maximum

trait - trait

resemble - ressembler

It was not till after I had withdrawn to my own chamber for the night, that I steadily reviewed the tale Mr. Rochester had told me.

As he had said, there was probably nothing at all extraordinary in the substance of the narrative itself: a wealthy Englishman's passion for a French dancer, and her treachery to him, were every-day matters enough, no doubt, in society; but there was something decidedly strange in the paroxysm of emotion which had suddenly seized him when he was in the act of expressing the present contentment of his mood, and his newly revived pleasure in the old hall and its environs. I meditated wonderingly on this incident; but gradually quitting it, as I found it for the present inexplicable, I turned to the consideration of my master's manner to myself. The confidence he had thought fit to repose in me seemed a tribute to my discretion: I regarded and accepted it as such. His deportment had now for some weeks been more uniform towards me than at the first. I never seemed in his way; he did not take fits of chilling hauteur: when he met me unexpectedly, the encounter seemed welcome; he had always a word and sometimes a smile for me: when summoned by formal invitation to his presence, I was honoured by a cordiality of reception that made me feel I really possessed the power to amuse him, and that these evening conferences were sought as much for his pleasure as for my benefit.

Englishman - Anglais

treachery - trahison, traîtrise

contentment - le contentement, contentement

wonderingly - avec étonnement

inexplicable - inexplicable

consideration - considération, checkraison, checkmotif, checkrécompense

discretion - discrétion

deportment - comportement

more uniform - plus uniforme

chilling - refroidir, (chill) refroidir

hauteur - fierté

unexpectedly - de maniere inattendue, surprenamment

encounter - rencontre

honoured - honoré, honneur

I, indeed, talked comparatively little, but I heard him talk with relish.

It was his nature to be communicative; he liked to open to a mind unacquainted with the world glimpses of its scenes and ways (I do not mean its corrupt scenes and wicked ways, but such as derived their interest from the great scale on which they were acted, the strange novelty by which they were characterised); and I had a keen delight in receiving the new ideas he offered, in imagining the new pictures he portrayed, and following him in thought through the new regions he disclosed, never startled or troubled by one noxious allusion.

glimpses - des aperçus, aperçu, entrevoir

corrupt - corrompu, dévoyé, corrompre

scale - échelle, escaladez, escalader, escaladent, gravir, bareme

novelty - nouveauté

startled - surpris, sursauter, surprendre

The ease of his manner freed me from painful restraint: the friendly frankness, as correct as cordial, with which he treated me, drew me to him. I felt at times as if he were my relation rather than my master: yet he was imperious sometimes still; but I did not mind that; I saw it was his way.

frankness - la franchise, franchise

cordial - cordial, sirop

imperious - impérieux

So happy, so gratified did I become with this new interest added to life, that I ceased to pine after kindred: my thin crescent-destiny seemed to enlarge; the blanks of existence were filled up; my bodily health improved; I gathered flesh and strength.

pine - pin

enlarge - agrandir, élargir, accroître

And was Mr. Rochester now ugly in my eyes? No, reader: gratitude, and many associations, all pleasurable and genial, made his face the object I best liked to see; his presence in a room was more cheering than the brightest fire. Yet I had not forgotten his faults; indeed, I could not, for he brought them frequently before me.

pleasurable - agréable

best liked - le plus aimé

He was proud, sardonic, harsh to inferiority of every description: in my secret soul I knew that his great kindness to me was balanced by unjust severity to many others.

sardonic - sardonique

balanced - équilibré, contrepoids, équilibre, solde, balancier

He was moody, too; unaccountably so; I more than once, when sent for to read to him, found him sitting in his library alone, with his head bent on his folded arms; and, when he looked up, a morose, almost a malignant, scowl blackened his features.

moody - de mauvaise humeur, lunatique, mélancolique, lugubre

malignant - maligne, malin, malveillant

scowl - se renfrogner, froncer les sourcils

blackened - noirci, noircir, souiller, salir

But I believed that his moodiness, his harshness, and his former faults of morality (I say former, for now he seemed corrected of them) had their source in some cruel cross of fate. I believed he was naturally a man of better tendencies, higher principles, and purer tastes than such as circumstances had developed, education instilled, or destiny encouraged.

moodiness - l'humeur

tendencies - tendances, tendance

principles - principes, principe

purer - plus pur, pur

instilled - inculquée, inculquer (a qqn)

I thought there were excellent materials in him; though for the present they hung together somewhat spoiled and tangled. I cannot deny that I grieved for his grief, whatever that was, and would have given much to assuage it.

tangled - enchevetrés, désordre, enchevetrement

deny - refuser

grieved - en deuil, avoir du chagrin

assuage - assouvir, soulager, apaiser, calmer

Though I had now extinguished my candle and was laid down in bed, I could not sleep for thinking of his look when he paused in the avenue, and told how his destiny had risen up before him, and dared him to be happy at Thornfield.

"Why not?" I asked myself. "What alienates him from the house? Will he leave it again soon? Mrs. Fairfax said he seldom stayed here longer than a fortnight at a time; and he has now been resident eight weeks. If he does go, the change will be doleful. Suppose he should be absent spring, summer, and autumn: how joyless sunshine and fine days will seem!"

alienates - aliene, aliéner

be absent - etre absent

I hardly know whether I had slept or not after this musing; at any rate, I started wide awake on hearing a vague murmur, peculiar and lugubrious, which sounded, I thought, just above me. I wished I had kept my candle burning: the night was drearily dark; my spirits were depressed. I rose and sat up in bed, listening. The sound was hushed.

musing - muser, songeur, pensif, pensée, (mus) muser

lugubrious - lugubre

drearily - morne

depressed - déprimé, appuyer

I tried again to sleep; but my heart beat anxiously: my inward tranquillity was broken. The clock, far down in the hall, struck two. Just then it seemed my chamber-door was touched; as if fingers had swept the panels in groping a way along the dark gallery outside. I said, "Who is there?" Nothing answered. I was chilled with fear.

chilled - réfrigéré, froid

All at once I remembered that it might be Pilot, who, when the kitchen-door chanced to be left open, not unfrequently found his way up to the threshold of Mr. Rochester's chamber: I had seen him lying there myself in the mornings. The idea calmed me somewhat: I lay down.

Silence composes the nerves; and as an unbroken hush now reigned again through the whole house, I began to feel the return of slumber. But it was not fated that I should sleep that night. A dream had scarcely approached my ear, when it fled affrighted, scared by a marrow-freezing incident enough.

composes - compose, composer

This was a demoniac laugh-low, suppressed, and deep-uttered, as it seemed, at the very keyhole of my chamber door.

demoniac - démoniaque

The head of my bed was near the door, and I thought at first the goblin-laugher stood at my bedside-or rather, crouched by my pillow: but I rose, looked round, and could see nothing; while, as I still gazed, the unnatural sound was reiterated: and I knew it came from behind the panels. My first impulse was to rise and fasten the bolt; my next, again to cry out, "Who is there?"

goblin - gobelin, lutin, farfadet

laugher - rires

unnatural - contre nature

reiterated - réitéré, réitérer

bolt - boulon, verrouiller, pene

Something gurgled and moaned. Ere long, steps retreated up the gallery towards the third-storey staircase: a door had lately been made to shut in that staircase; I heard it open and close, and all was still.

gurgled - gargouillé, gargouiller, gargouillis

moaned - gémi, gémissement, se plaindre, geindre, gémir, mugir

"Was that Grace Poole? and is she possessed with a devil?" thought I. Impossible now to remain longer by myself: I must go to Mrs. Fairfax. I hurried on my frock and a shawl; I withdrew the bolt and opened the door with a trembling hand. There was a candle burning just outside, and on the matting in the gallery.

matting - le matage, (mat) le matage

I was surprised at this circumstance: but still more was I amazed to perceive the air quite dim, as if filled with smoke; and, while looking to the right hand and left, to find whence these blue wreaths issued, I became further aware of a strong smell of burning.

wreaths - couronnes, couronne, guirlande, tortil

Something creaked: it was a door ajar; and that door was Mr. Rochester's, and the smoke rushed in a cloud from thence. I thought no more of Mrs. Fairfax; I thought no more of Grace Poole, or the laugh: in an instant, I was within the chamber. Tongues of flame darted round the bed: the curtains were on fire. In the midst of blaze and vapour, Mr. Rochester lay stretched motionless, in deep sleep.

creaked - a grincé, craquement, craquer

darted - dardé, dard, fleche

stretched - étiré, étendre, s'étendre, s'étirer, étirement

deep sleep - un sommeil profond

"Wake! wake!" I cried. I shook him, but he only murmured and turned: the smoke had stupefied him. Not a moment could be lost: the very sheets were kindling, I rushed to his basin and ewer; fortunately, one was wide and the other deep, and both were filled with water.

stupefied - stupéfait, stupéfier, abrutir, hébéter, sidérer, abasourdir

ewer - ewer, pichet, aiguiere, broc, cruche

I heaved them up, deluged the bed and its occupant, flew back to my own room, brought my own water-jug, baptized the couch afresh, and, by God's aid, succeeded in extinguishing the flames which were devouring it.

deluged - inondé, déluge

occupant - l'occupant, occupant, habitant

jug - carafe, pot, récipient, broc, cruche

baptized - baptisés, baptiser, couper

extinguishing - l'extinction, éteindre

The hiss of the quenched element, the breakage of a pitcher which I flung from my hand when I had emptied it, and, above all, the splash of the shower-bath I had liberally bestowed, roused Mr. Rochester at last. Though it was now dark, I knew he was awake; because I heard him fulminating strange anathemas at finding himself lying in a pool of water.

quenched - étanchée, apaiser, étancher, rassasier, désaltérer, éteindre

splash - splash, plouf, bruit, éclaboussure, éclabousser, asperger

shower-bath - (shower-bath) bain

fulminating - fulminant, foudroyer, fulminate

anathemas - anathemes, anatheme

"Is there a flood?" he cried.

"No, sir," I answered; "but there has been a fire: get up, do; you are quenched now; I will fetch you a candle."

"In the name of all the elves in Christendom, is that Jane Eyre?" he demanded. "What have you done with me, witch, sorceress? Who is in the room besides you? Have you plotted to drown me?"

Christendom - la chrétienté, chrétienté

witch - sorciere, ensorceleurse, sorcierere

Sorceress - sorciere, sorciere

plotted - tracé, intrigue, lopin, diagramme, graphique, complot

drown - se noyer, noyer, checksubmerger

"I will fetch you a candle, sir; and, in Heaven's name, get up. Somebody has plotted something: you cannot too soon find out who and what it is."

"There! I am up now; but at your peril you fetch a candle yet: wait two minutes till I get into some dry garments, if any dry there be-yes, here is my dressing-gown. Now run!"

peril - péril, risque

dressing-gown - (dressing-gown) robe de chambre

I did run; I brought the candle which still remained in the gallery. He took it from my hand, held it up, and surveyed the bed, all blackened and scorched, the sheets drenched, the carpet round swimming in water.

drenched - trempé, tremper

"What is it? and who did it?" he asked. I briefly related to him what had transpired: the strange laugh I had heard in the gallery: the step ascending to the third storey; the smoke,-the smell of fire which had conducted me to his room; in what state I had found matters there, and how I had deluged him with all the water I could lay hands on.

transpired - s'est déroulée, s'avérer

"What is it and who did it?" he asked

He listened very gravely; his face, as I went on, expressed more concern than astonishment; he did not immediately speak when I had concluded.

astonishment - l'étonnement, étonnement

"Shall I call Mrs. Fairfax?" I asked.

"Mrs. Fairfax? No; what the deuce would you call her for? What can she do? Let her sleep unmolested."

unmolested - sans etre inquiété

"Then I will fetch Leah, and wake John and his wife."

"Not at all: just be still. You have a shawl on. If you are not warm enough, you may take my cloak yonder; wrap it about you, and sit down in the arm-chair: there,-I will put it on. Now place your feet on the stool, to keep them out of the wet. I am going to leave you a few minutes. I shall take the candle. Remain where you are till I return; be as still as a mouse.

wrap - l'emballage, langer, envelopper

I must pay a visit to the second storey. Don't move, remember, or call any one."

He went: I watched the light withdraw. He passed up the gallery very softly, unclosed the staircase door with as little noise as possible, shut it after him, and the last ray vanished. I was left in total darkness. I listened for some noise, but heard nothing. A very long time elapsed.

withdraw - se retirer, dégarnir, claustrer

I grew weary: it was cold, in spite of the cloak; and then I did not see the use of staying, as I was not to rouse the house. I was on the point of risking Mr. Rochester's displeasure by disobeying his orders, when the light once more gleamed dimly on the gallery wall, and I heard his unshod feet tread the matting. "I hope it is he," thought I, "and not something worse."

risking - risquer, risque

disobeying - désobéir

tread - la bande de roulement, piétiner, escabeau

He re-entered, pale and very gloomy. "I have found it all out," said he, setting his candle down on the washstand; "it is as I thought."

"How, sir?"

He made no reply, but stood with his arms folded, looking on the ground. At the end of a few minutes he inquired in rather a peculiar tone-

"I forget whether you said you saw anything when you opened your chamber door."

"No, sir, only the candlestick on the ground."

"But you heard an odd laugh? You have heard that laugh before, I should think, or something like it?"

"Yes, sir: there is a woman who sews here, called Grace Poole,-she laughs in that way. She is a singular person."

"Just so. Grace Poole-you have guessed it. She is, as you say, singular-very. Well, I shall reflect on the subject. Meantime, I am glad that you are the only person, besides myself, acquainted with the precise details of to-night's incident. You are no talking fool: say nothing about it. I will account for this state of affairs" (pointing to the bed): "and now return to your own room.

I shall do very well on the sofa in the library for the rest of the night. It is near four:-in two hours the servants will be up."

"Good-night, then, sir," said I, departing.

departing - en partance, (depart), partir, s’en aller, dévier, quitter

He seemed surprised-very inconsistently so, as he had just told me to go.

inconsistently - de maniere incohérente

"What!" he exclaimed, "are you quitting me already, and in that way?"

"You said I might go, sir."

"But not without taking leave; not without a word or two of acknowledgment and good-will: not, in short, in that brief, dry fashion. Why, you have saved my life!-snatched me from a horrible and excruciating death! and you walk past me as if we were mutual strangers! At least shake hands."

horrible - horrible, affreux, épouvantable

excruciating - atroce, torturer

He held out his hand; I gave him mine: he took it first in one, them in both his own.

"You have saved my life: I have a pleasure in owing you so immense a debt. I cannot say more. Nothing else that has being would have been tolerable to me in the character of creditor for such an obligation: but you: it is different;-I feel your benefits no burden, Jane."

debt - de la dette, dette

creditor - créancier, créanciere

burden - charge, accablement, alourdissons, alourdir, alourdissez

He paused; gazed at me: words almost visible trembled on his lips,-but his voice was checked.

"Good-night again, sir. There is no debt, benefit, burden, obligation, in the case."

"I knew," he continued, "you would do me good in some way, at some time;-I saw it in your eyes when I first beheld you: their expression and smile did not"-(again he stopped)-"did not" (he proceeded hastily) "strike delight to my very inmost heart so for nothing. People talk of natural sympathies; I have heard of good genii: there are grains of truth in the wildest fable.

inmost - intimes

sympathies - sympathies, compassion, sympathie, condoléance

grains - céréales, grain

My cherished preserver, goodnight!"

preserver - conservateur

goodnight - Bonne nuit

Strange energy was in his voice, strange fire in his look.

"I am glad I happened to be awake," I said: and then I was going.

"What! you will go?"

"I am cold, sir."

I am cold - J'ai froid

"Cold? Yes,-and standing in a pool! Go, then, Jane; go!" But he still retained my hand, and I could not free it. I bethought myself of an expedient.

"I think I hear Mrs. Fairfax move, sir," said I.

"Well, leave me:" he relaxed his fingers, and I was gone.

I regained my couch, but never thought of sleep. Till morning dawned I was tossed on a buoyant but unquiet sea, where billows of trouble rolled under surges of joy.

buoyant - flottant, flottable, gai, léger, joyeux

unquiet - pas tranquille

surges - surtensions, montée, poussée, vague, afflux, houle

joy - joie

I thought sometimes I saw beyond its wild waters a shore, sweet as the hills of Beulah; and now and then a freshening gale, wakened by hope, bore my spirit triumphantly towards the bourne: but I could not reach it, even in fancy-a counteracting breeze blew off land, and continually drove me back. Sense would resist delirium: judgment would warn passion.

shore - rivage, riverain, parages, bord, rive, borde

delirium - le délire, délire

Too feverish to rest, I rose as soon as day dawned.


I both wished and feared to see Mr. Rochester on the day which followed this sleepless night: I wanted to hear his voice again, yet feared to meet his eye.

sleepless - l'insomnie, insomniaque

During the early part of the morning, I momentarily expected his coming; he was not in the frequent habit of entering the schoolroom, but he did step in for a few minutes sometimes, and I had the impression that he was sure to visit it that day.

But the morning passed just as usual: nothing happened to interrupt the quiet course of Adčle's studies; only soon after breakfast, I heard some bustle in the neighbourhood of Mr. Rochester's chamber, Mrs. Fairfax's voice, and Leah's, and the cook's-that is, John's wife-and even John's own gruff tones. There were exclamations of "What a mercy master was not burnt in his bed!

interrupt - interrompre, couper

gruff - bourru, acerbe

exclamations - exclamations, exclamation

" "It is always dangerous to keep a candle lit at night." "How providential that He had presence of mind to think of the water-jug!" "I wonder he waked nobody!" "It is to be hoped he will not take cold with sleeping on the library sofa," &c.

providential - providentiel

He had presence of mind - Il avait la présence d'esprit

To much confabulation succeeded a sound of scrubbing and setting to rights; and when I passed the room, in going downstairs to dinner, I saw through the open door that all was again restored to complete order; only the bed was stripped of its hangings. Leah stood up in the window-seat, rubbing the panes of glass dimmed with smoke.

confabulation - confabulation

scrubbing - le récurage, frotter (a la brosse)

saw through - Voir a travers

dimmed - diminué, faible, vague

I was about to address her, for I wished to know what account had been given of the affair: but, on advancing, I saw a second person in the chamber-a woman sitting on a chair by the bedside, and sewing rings to new curtains. That woman was no other than Grace Poole.

There she sat, staid and taciturn-looking, as usual, in her brown stuff gown, her check apron, white handkerchief, and cap.

taciturn - taciturne

She was intent on her work, in which her whole thoughts seemed absorbed: on her hard forehead, and in her commonplace features, was nothing either of the paleness or desperation one would have expected to see marking the countenance of a woman who had attempted murder, and whose intended victim had followed her last night to her lair, and (as I believed), charged her with the crime she wished to perpetrate. I was amazed-confounded. She looked up, while I still gazed at her: no start, no increase or failure of colour betrayed emotion, consciousness of guilt, or fear of detection. She said "Good morning, Miss," in her usual phlegmatic and brief manner; and taking up another ring and more tape, went on with her sewing.

paleness - pâleur

attempted murder - une tentative de meurtre

lair - repaire, taniere

perpetrate - perpétrer, commettre

detection - détection

phlegmatic - flegmatique

tape - ruban adhésif, bande

"I will put her to some test," thought I: "such absolute impenetrability is past comprehension."

Impenetrability - impénétrabilité

"Good morning, Grace," I said. "Has anything happened here? I thought I heard the servants all talking together a while ago."

"Only master had been reading in his bed last night; he fell asleep with his candle lit, and the curtains got on fire; but, fortunately, he awoke before the bed-clothes or the wood-work caught, and contrived to quench the flames with the water in the ewer."

quench - apaiser, étancher, rassasier, désaltérer, éteindre, tremper

"A strange affair!" I said, in a low voice: then, looking at her fixedly-"Did Mr. Rochester wake nobody? Did no one hear him move?"

fixedly - fixement

She again raised her eyes to me, and this time there was something of consciousness in their expression. She seemed to examine me warily; then she answered-

warily - avec prudence

"The servants sleep so far off, you know, Miss, they would not be likely to hear. Mrs. Fairfax's room and yours are the nearest to master's; but Mrs. Fairfax said she heard nothing: when people get elderly, they often sleep heavy.

" She paused, and then added, with a sort of assumed indifference, but still in a marked and significant tone-"But you are young, Miss; and I should say a light sleeper: perhaps you may have heard a noise?"

significant - significative, significatif

sleeper - wagon lit, dormant

"I did," said I, dropping my voice, so that Leah, who was still polishing the panes, could not hear me, "and at first I thought it was Pilot: but Pilot cannot laugh; and I am certain I heard a laugh, and a strange one."

polishing - le polissage, égrisage, polissant

She took a new needleful of thread, waxed it carefully, threaded her needle with a steady hand, and then observed, with perfect composure-

needleful - des aiguilles

threaded - fileté, fil, processus léger, exétron

composure - le sang-froid, calme, quiétude

"It is hardly likely master would laugh, I should think, Miss, when he was in such danger: You must have been dreaming."

"I was not dreaming," I said, with some warmth, for her brazen coolness provoked me. Again she looked at me; and with the same scrutinising and conscious eye.

brazen - effronté, cuivreux, aigu, dur comme de la pierre

coolness - de la fraîcheur, frais

provoked - provoquée, provoquer

"Have you told master that you heard a laugh?" she inquired.

"I have not had the opportunity of speaking to him this morning."

"You did not think of opening your door and looking out into the gallery?" she further asked.

She appeared to be cross-questioning me, attempting to draw from me information unawares. The idea struck me that if she discovered I knew or suspected her guilt, she would be playing of some of her malignant pranks on me; I thought it advisable to be on my guard.

attempting - tenter, essayer, tentative, attentat

pranks - des farces, farce, tour

advisable - est-il souhaitable

"On the contrary," said I, "I bolted my door."

bolted - boulonné, verrou

"Then you are not in the habit of bolting your door every night before you get into bed?"

bolting - le boulonnage, (bolt) le boulonnage

"Fiend! she wants to know my habits, that she may lay her plans accordingly!" Indignation again prevailed over prudence: I replied sharply, "Hitherto I have often omitted to fasten the bolt: I did not think it necessary.

omitted - omis, omettre

I was not aware any danger or annoyance was to be dreaded at Thornfield Hall: but in future" (and I laid marked stress on the words) "I shall take good care to make all secure before I venture to lie down."

"It will be wise so to do," was her answer: "this neighbourhood is as quiet as any I know, and I never heard of the hall being attempted by robbers since it was a house; though there are hundreds of pounds'worth of plate in the plate-closet, as is well known.

wise - sage, sensé, genre, raisonnable

robbers - des voleurs, brigand, bandit

And you see, for such a large house, there are very few servants, because master has never lived here much; and when he does come, being a bachelor, he needs little waiting on: but I always think it best to err on the safe side; a door is soon fastened, and it is as well to have a drawn bolt between one and any mischief that may be about.

A deal of people, Miss, are for trusting all to Providence; but I say Providence will not dispense with the means, though He often blesses them when they are used discreetly." And here she closed her harangue: a long one for her, and uttered with the demureness of a Quakeress.

trusting - la confiance, confiance, trust, faire confiance

blesses - bénit, bénir

discreetly - discretement, discretement

harangue - harangue, sermon, remontrance, sermonner

demureness - la pudeur

Quakeress - Quakeress

I still stood absolutely dumfoundered at what appeared to me her miraculous self-possession and most inscrutable hypocrisy, when the cook entered.

dumfoundered - dumfoundered

miraculous - miraculeux

inscrutable - impénétrable

hypocrisy - l'hypocrisie, hypocrisie, faux-culterie

"Mrs. Poole," said she, addressing Grace, "the servants'dinner will soon be ready: will you come down?"

"No; just put my pint of porter and bit of pudding on a tray, and I'll carry it upstairs."

pint - chopine, chopine de lait, pinte, sérieux

pudding - du pudding, boudin, pudding

"You'll have some meat?"

"Just a morsel, and a taste of cheese, that's all."

"And the sago?"

Sago - le sagou, sagou, sagoutier

"Never mind it at present: I shall be coming down before teatime: I'll make it myself."

teatime - l'heure du thé, heure du thé

The cook here turned to me, saying that Mrs. Fairfax was waiting for me: so I departed.

I hardly heard Mrs. Fairfax's account of the curtain conflagration during dinner, so much was I occupied in puzzling my brains over the enigmatical character of Grace Poole, and still more in pondering the problem of her position at Thornfield and questioning why she had not been given into custody that morning, or, at the very least, dismissed from her master's service.

conflagration - conflagration, incendie, rench: t-needed r

custody - la garde, garde, détention, garde a vue, custodie

He had almost as much as declared his conviction of her criminality last night: what mysterious cause withheld him from accusing her? Why had he enjoined me, too, to secrecy?

criminality - criminalité

withheld - retenu, retenir

accusing - accuser

enjoined - enjoint, enjoindre

secrecy - le secret, secret, secrétisme

It was strange: a bold, vindictive, and haughty gentleman seemed somehow in the power of one of the meanest of his dependants; so much in her power, that even when she lifted her hand against his life, he dared not openly charge her with the attempt, much less punish her for it.

vindictive - vindicatif

Had Grace been young and handsome, I should have been tempted to think that tenderer feelings than prudence or fear influenced Mr. Rochester in her behalf; but, hard-favoured and matronly as she was, the idea could not be admitted. "Yet," I reflected, "she has been young once; her youth would be contemporary with her master's: Mrs. Fairfax told me once, she had lived here many years.

tenderer - soumissionnaire, (tender) soumissionnaire

influenced - influencée, influence, influencer, influer

contemporary - contemporain

I don't think she can ever have been pretty; but, for aught I know, she may possess originality and strength of character to compensate for the want of personal advantages. Mr. Rochester is an amateur of the decided and eccentric: Grace is eccentric at least.

aught - rien

compensate - compenser

amateur - amateur, amatrice, amateuse

What if a former caprice (a freak very possible to a nature so sudden and headstrong as his) has delivered him into her power, and she now exercises over his actions a secret influence, the result of his own indiscretion, which he cannot shake off, and dare not disregard?" But, having reached this point of conjecture, Mrs.

shake off - se secouer

disregard - ne pas en tenir compte, mépris, ignorer, mépriser

Poole's square, flat figure, and uncomely, dry, even coarse face, recurred so distinctly to my mind's eye, that I thought, "No; impossible! my supposition cannot be correct. Yet," suggested the secret voice which talks to us in our own hearts, "you are not beautiful either, and perhaps Mr.

uncomely - inconfortable

supposition - hypothese, supposition, conjecture

Rochester approves you: at any rate, you have often felt as if he did; and last night-remember his words; remember his look; remember his voice!"

approves - approuve, approuver

I well remembered all; language, glance, and tone seemed at the moment vividly renewed. I was now in the schoolroom; Adčle was drawing; I bent over her and directed her pencil. She looked up with a sort of start.

renewed - renouvelée, renouveler

"Qu'avez-vous, mademoiselle?" said she. "Vos doigts tremblent comme la feuille, et vos joues sont rouges: mais, rouges comme des cerises!"

tremblent - tremblant

la - La

cerises - cerises, cerise

"I am hot, Adčle, with stooping!" She went on sketching; I went on thinking.

I hastened to drive from my mind the hateful notion I had been conceiving respecting Grace Poole; it disgusted me. I compared myself with her, and found we were different. Bessie Leaven had said I was quite a lady; and she spoke truth-I was a lady.

hateful - haineux

disgusted - dégouté, dégouter, dégout

And now I looked much better than I did when Bessie saw me; I had more colour and more flesh, more life, more vivacity, because I had brighter hopes and keener enjoyments.

keener - plus fort, (keen) plus fort

enjoyments - des plaisirs, jouissance, plaisir

"Evening approaches," said I, as I looked towards the window. "I have never heard Mr. Rochester's voice or step in the house to-day; but surely I shall see him before night: I feared the meeting in the morning; now I desire it, because expectation has been so long baffled that it is grown impatient."

approaches - approches, (s')approcher (de)

expectation - attentes, attente

When dusk actually closed, and when Adčle left me to go and play in the nursery with Sophie, I did most keenly desire it. I listened for the bell to ring below; I listened for Leah coming up with a message; I fancied sometimes I heard Mr. Rochester's own tread, and I turned to the door, expecting it to open and admit him. The door remained shut; darkness only came in through the window.

remained shut - Rester fermé

Still it was not late; he often sent for me at seven and eight o'clock, and it was yet but six. Surely I should not be wholly disappointed to-night, when I had so many things to say to him!

I wanted again to introduce the subject of Grace Poole, and to hear what he would answer; I wanted to ask him plainly if he really believed it was she who had made last night's hideous attempt; and if so, why he kept her wickedness a secret.

hideous - hideux, strident, atroce, répugnant

It little mattered whether my curiosity irritated him; I knew the pleasure of vexing and soothing him by turns; it was one I chiefly delighted in, and a sure instinct always prevented me from going too far; beyond the verge of provocation I never ventured; on the extreme brink I liked well to try my skill.

vexing - contrariant, vexant, (vex), ennuyer, énerver, vexer 'informal'

delighted - ravie, plaisir, délice, joie, enchanter, ravir

sure instinct - un instinct sur

provocation - provocation

brink - au bord du gouffre, bord, lisiere

Retaining every minute form of respect, every propriety of my station, I could still meet him in argument without fear or uneasy restraint; this suited both him and me.

retaining - la conservation, retenir, conserver, maintenir

A tread creaked on the stairs at last. Leah made her appearance; but it was only to intimate that tea was ready in Mrs. Fairfax's room. Thither I repaired, glad at least to go downstairs; for that brought me, I imagined, nearer to Mr. Rochester's presence.

intimate - intime

"You must want your tea," said the good lady, as I joined her; "you ate so little at dinner. I am afraid," she continued, "you are not well to-day: you look flushed and feverish."

flushed - rincé, rougeur

"Oh, quite well! I never felt better."

"Then you must prove it by evincing a good appetite; will you fill the teapot while I knit off this needle?" Having completed her task, she rose to draw down the blind, which she had hitherto kept up, by way, I suppose, of making the most of daylight, though dusk was now fast deepening into total obscurity.

evincing - évocation, montrer, prouver

deepening - l'approfondissement, approfondir, intensifier

obscurity - l'obscurité, obscurité

"It is fair to-night," said she, as she looked through the panes, "though not starlight; Mr. Rochester has, on the whole, had a favourable day for his journey."

starlight - la lumiere des étoiles, lumiere des étoiles, lumiere d'étoile

favourable - favorable

"Journey!-Is Mr. Rochester gone anywhere? I did not know he was out."

"Oh, he set off the moment he had breakfasted! He is gone to the Leas, Mr. Eshton's place, ten miles on the other side Millcote. I believe there is quite a party assembled there; Lord Ingram, Sir George Lynn, Colonel Dent, and others."

Leas - leas, (lea) leas

Colonel - colonel

Dent - dent, bosse

"Do you expect him back to-night?"

"No-nor to-morrow either; I should think he is very likely to stay a week or more: when these fine, fashionable people get together, they are so surrounded by elegance and gaiety, so well provided with all that can please and entertain, they are in no hurry to separate. Gentlemen especially are often in request on such occasions; and Mr.

hurry - se dépecher, précipitation, hâte

Rochester is so talented and so lively in society, that I believe he is a general favourite: the ladies are very fond of him; though you would not think his appearance calculated to recommend him particularly in their eyes: but I suppose his acquirements and abilities, perhaps his wealth and good blood, make amends for any little fault of look."

talented - talentueux

amends - des réparations, amender

"Are there ladies at the Leas?"

"There are Mrs. Eshton and her three daughters-very elegant young ladies indeed; and there are the Honourable Blanche and Mary Ingram, most beautiful women, I suppose: indeed I have seen Blanche, six or seven years since, when she was a girl of eighteen. She came here to a Christmas ball and party Mr. Rochester gave.

honourable - honorable

You should have seen the dining-room that day-how richly it was decorated, how brilliantly lit up! I should think there were fifty ladies and gentlemen present-all of the first county families; and Miss Ingram was considered the belle of the evening."

decorated - décoré, décorer, orner

belle - belle, beauté

"You saw her, you say, Mrs. Fairfax: what was she like?"

"Yes, I saw her. The dining-room doors were thrown open; and, as it was Christmas-time, the servants were allowed to assemble in the hall, to hear some of the ladies sing and play. Mr. Rochester would have me to come in, and I sat down in a quiet corner and watched them.

Christmas-time - (Christmas-time) La période de Noël

assemble - assembler, rassembler

I never saw a more splendid scene: the ladies were magnificently dressed; most of them-at least most of the younger ones-looked handsome; but Miss Ingram was certainly the queen."

more splendid - plus splendide

magnificently - magnifiquement

"And what was she like?"

"Tall, fine bust, sloping shoulders; long, graceful neck: olive complexion, dark and clear; noble features; eyes rather like Mr. Rochester's: large and black, and as brilliant as her jewels. And then she had such a fine head of hair; raven-black and so becomingly arranged: a crown of thick plaits behind, and in front the longest, the glossiest curls I ever saw.

sloping - en pente, renverser, déborder

olive - olive

raven - corbeau

becomingly - de maniere élégante

glossiest - le plus brillant, luisant, brillant

She was dressed in pure white; an amber-coloured scarf was passed over her shoulder and across her breast, tied at the side, and descending in long, fringed ends below her knee. She wore an amber-coloured flower, too, in her hair: it contrasted well with the jetty mass of her curls."

scarf - écharpe, cache nez, éventé, fichu, foulard

fringed - a franges, frange, périphérie, radicaux

contrasted - contrastées, contraste, contraster

"She was greatly admired, of course?"

"Yes, indeed: and not only for her beauty, but for her accomplishments. She was one of the ladies who sang: a gentleman accompanied her on the piano. She and Mr. Rochester sang a duet."

duet - duo, duetto

"Mr. Rochester? I was not aware he could sing."

"Oh! he has a fine bass voice, and an excellent taste for music."

bass - basse, perche

"And Miss Ingram: what sort of a voice had she?"

"A very rich and powerful one: she sang delightfully; it was a treat to listen to her;-and she played afterwards. I am no judge of music, but Mr. Rochester is; and I heard him say her execution was remarkably good."

powerful - puissant

delightfully - délicieusement

execution - l'exécution, exécution

remarkably - remarquablement

"And this beautiful and accomplished lady, she is not yet married?"

"It appears not: I fancy neither she nor her sister have very large fortunes. Old Lord Ingram's estates were chiefly entailed, and the eldest son came in for everything almost."

fortunes - fortune, destin, bonne chance

estates - les successions, patrimoine, noblesse, proprieté, , biens-p

entailed - impliqué, occasionner, comporter

"But I wonder no wealthy nobleman or gentleman has taken a fancy to her: Mr. Rochester, for instance. He is rich, is he not?"

"Oh! yes. But you see there is a considerable difference in age: Mr. Rochester is nearly forty; she is but twenty-five."

"What of that? More unequal matches are made every day."

"True: yet I should scarcely fancy Mr. Rochester would entertain an idea of the sort. But you eat nothing: you have scarcely tasted since you began tea."

"No: I am too thirsty to eat. Will you let me have another cup?"

I was about again to revert to the probability of a union between Mr. Rochester and the beautiful Blanche; but Adčle came in, and the conversation was turned into another channel.

revert to - revenir a

probability - probabilité

Union - l'union, union, groupement, connexion, réunion

When once more alone, I reviewed the information I had got; looked into my heart, examined its thoughts and feelings, and endeavoured to bring back with a strict hand such as had been straying through imagination's boundless and trackless waste, into the safe fold of common sense.

straying - écartant, (stray) écartant

boundless - sans limites, illimité

trackless - sans rail

fold - plier, pliez, pli, plient, plions, plissons

Arraigned at my own bar, Memory having given her evidence of the hopes, wishes, sentiments I had been cherishing since last night-of the general state of mind in which I had indulged for nearly a fortnight past; Reason having come forward and told, in her own quiet way a plain, unvarnished tale, showing how I had rejected the real, and rabidly devoured the ideal;-I pronounced judgment to this effect:-

arraigned - mis en accusation, traduire en justice, accuser

unvarnished - sans fard

rejected - rejetée, rejeter

rabidly - avec rage, farouchement, férocement, avec fanatisme

That a greater fool than Jane Eyre had never breathed the breath of life; that a more fantastic idiot had never surfeited herself on sweet lies, and swallowed poison as if it were nectar.

more fantastic - plus fantastique

idiot - idiot, idiote

"You," I said, "a favourite with Mr. Rochester? You gifted with the power of pleasing him? You of importance to him in any way? Go! your folly sickens me. And you have derived pleasure from occasional tokens of preference-equivocal tokens shown by a gentleman of family and a man of the world to a dependent and a novice. How dared you? Poor stupid dupe!

folly - folie, sottise

tokens - des jetons, symbole, jeton, symbolique

equivocal - équivoque

-Could not even self-interest make you wiser? You repeated to yourself this morning the brief scene of last night?-Cover your face and be ashamed! He said something in praise of your eyes, did he? Blind puppy! Open their bleared lids and look on your own accursed senselessness!

self-interest - (self-interest) intéret personnel

ashamed - honteux

puppy - chiot, raton

lids - couvercles, couvercle

senselessness - insensé, absurdité, imprudence

It does good to no woman to be flattered by her superior, who cannot possibly intend to marry her; and it is madness in all women to let a secret love kindle within them, which, if unreturned and unknown, must devour the life that feeds it; and, if discovered and responded to, must lead, ignis-fatuus-like, into miry wilds whence there is no extrication.

intend - l'intention de, avoir l'intention, envisager, concevoir

kindle - kindle, allumer, enflammer

unreturned - non restituée

extrication - l'exfiltration

"Listen, then, Jane Eyre, to your sentence: to-morrow, place the glass before you, and draw in chalk your own picture, faithfully, without softening one defect; omit no harsh line, smooth away no displeasing irregularity; write under it, 'Portrait of a Governess, disconnected, poor, and plain.'

draw in - attirer

defect - défaut, déserter, passer a, rench: t-needed r

omit - omettre

irregularity - irrégularité

under it - en dessous

"Afterwards, take a piece of smooth ivory-you have one prepared in your drawing-box: take your palette, mix your freshest, finest, clearest tints; choose your most delicate camel-hair pencils; delineate carefully the loveliest face you can imagine; paint it in your softest shades and sweetest lines, according to the description given by Mrs.

Mix - mélange, meler, mélangent, mélangeons, mixage, mélangez

most delicate - le plus délicat

camel - chameau

delineate - délinéer, décrire, délimiter

shades - nuances, ombre, store, nuance, ton, esprit

Fairfax of Blanche Ingram; remember the raven ringlets, the oriental eye;-What! you revert to Mr. Rochester as a model! Order! No snivel!-no sentiment!-no regret! I will endure only sense and resolution.

snivel - pleurnicher, chialer colloquial, morve

Recall the august yet harmonious lineaments, the Grecian neck and bust; let the round and dazzling arm be visible, and the delicate hand; omit neither diamond ring nor gold bracelet; portray faithfully the attire, aërial lace and glistening satin, graceful scarf and golden rose; call it 'Blanche, an accomplished lady of rank.'

harmonious - harmonieux

Grecian - hellénique

diamond ring - une bague en diamant

portray - portrait, dépeindre, représenter, portraire, décrire

glistening - scintillant, reluire

rank - rang, rangée, unie, standing

"Whenever, in future, you should chance to fancy Mr. Rochester thinks well of you, take out these two pictures and compare them: say, 'Mr. Rochester might probably win that noble lady's love, if he chose to strive for it; is it likely he would waste a serious thought on this indigent and insignificant plebeian?'"

strive - s'efforcer, s'efforcer de

indigent - nécessiteux, indigent

plebeian - plébéien

"I'll do it," I resolved: and having framed this determination, I grew calm, and fell asleep.

I'll do it - Je vais le faire

determination - détermination

I kept my word. An hour or two sufficed to sketch my own portrait in crayons; and in less than a fortnight I had completed an ivory miniature of an imaginary Blanche Ingram. It looked a lovely face enough, and when compared with the real head in chalk, the contrast was as great as self-control could desire.

crayons - des crayons de couleur, pastel, craie de cire

imaginary - imaginaire

self-control - (self-control) le contrôle de soi

I derived benefit from the task: it had kept my head and hands employed, and had given force and fixedness to the new impressions I wished to stamp indelibly on my heart.

force - force, forcez, contrainte, forçons, contraindre, forcent

fixedness - la fixité

impressions - impressions, impression

indelibly - de façon indélébile

Ere long, I had reason to congratulate myself on the course of wholesome discipline to which I had thus forced my feelings to submit. Thanks to it, I was able to meet subsequent occurrences with a decent calm, which, had they found me unprepared, I should probably have been unequal to maintain, even externally.

congratulate - féliciter

externally - a l'extérieur