Jane - जेन, जेनअ

Charlotte - female given name


preface - प्रस्तावना

A preface to the first edition of "Jane Eyre" being unnecessary, I gave none: this second edition demands a few words both of acknowledgment and miscellaneous remark.

edition - संस्कारण

demands - दावा करना, मांग, चाह

acknowledgment - स्वीकृति, अभिस्वीकृति, पावती

miscellaneous - विविध, अनेक प्रकार के

remark - प्रतिक्रिया, ध्यान देना

My thanks are due in three quarters.

To the Public, for the indulgent ear it has inclined to a plain tale with few pretensions.

indulgent - अनुकूल, कृपालु, पक्षपातपूर्ण

inclined - प्रोत्साहित करना

plain - सादा

Tale - कहानी

pretensions - दावा, मिथ्याभिमान, झूठा दावा

To the Press, for the fair field its honest suffrage has opened to an obscure aspirant.

suffrage - मताधिकार, मतदान देने का अधिकार

obscure - अज्ञात, दुरूह, कठिनाई

aspirant - प्रार्थी/उम्मीदवार

To my Publishers, for the aid their tact, their energy, their practical sense and frank liberality have afforded an unknown and unrecommended Author.

publishers - प्रकाशक, प्रकाशक्

aid - मदद

tact - चातुर्य, व्यवहार कुशलता, समझ बूझ

frank - स्पष्टवादी, सरल

liberality - उदारता{वैचारिक}, उदार भाव

unknown - अनजान

The Press and the Public are but vague personifications for me, and I must thank them in vague terms; but my Publishers are definite: so are certain generous critics who have encouraged me as only large-hearted and high-minded men know how to encourage a struggling stranger; to them, i.e., to my Publishers and the select Reviewers, I say cordially, Gentlemen, I thank you from my heart.

vague - अज्ञात, हल्का, अनिश्चित

personifications - मानवीकरण, साकार रूप, साकार रूप

critics - आलोचक/समीक्षक, समालोचक, समीक्षक

struggling - संघर्ष कर रहा है, (struggle), संघर्ष

select - विशिष्ट, चुनना, चुनना/छाँटना

reviewers - समीक्षक

cordially - अत्यधिक, सभ्यतः, बाशऊर, शालीनतः

Having thus acknowledged what I owe those who have aided and approved me, I turn to another class; a small one, so far as I know, but not, therefore, to be overlooked.

thus - इस प्रकार

acknowledged - स्वीकार करना, माना जा जाना

owe - चाहना, देनदार होना

aided - सहायता, मदद, मदद करना, साधन

approved - स्वीकार करना, पसन्द करना

overlooked - के उपर से दिखना, अन्देकी करना

I mean the timorous or carping few who doubt the tendency of such books as "Jane Eyre:" in whose eyes whatever is unusual is wrong; whose ears detect in each protest against bigotry-that parent of crime-an insult to piety, that regent of God on earth. I would suggest to such doubters certain obvious distinctions; I would remind them of certain simple truths.

timorous - डरपोक, डरा हुआ, भयभीत, कातर

carping - निंदा करना, (carp) निंदा करना

tendency - प्रवृत्ति

detect - पकड़ पाना

bigotry - कट्टरता, हठी, धर्मांधता

insult - निन्दा करना, अपमान करना

piety - धर्मपरायणता, इश्वर भक्ति

Regent - प्रतिशासक, राजप्रतिनिधिअ

doubters - शंकाशील व्यक्ति

distinctions - प्रतिष्ठा, पार्थक्य, अन्तर

Conventionality is not morality. Self-righteousness is not religion. To attack the first is not to assail the last. To pluck the mask from the face of the Pharisee, is not to lift an impious hand to the Crown of Thorns.

conventionality - अनुचितता

morality - सदाचार, अख़लाक़, नैतिकता

self - खुद, ख़ुद, स्वयं, नफ्स

righteousness - नेकी, नीतिपरायणता

assail - बौछार करना, हमला करना

pluck - बचाना, साहस, साहसअ, ओचना, नोचना

mask - मुखावरण, आवरण

Pharisee - घमंडी, फ़ैरीसी

impious - अधर्मी, नास्तिक, अकर्तव्यपरायण

crown - राजमुकुट

thorns - काँटेदार झाड़ी, काँटेदार पेड़

These things and deeds are diametrically opposed: they are as distinct as is vice from virtue. Men too often confound them: they should not be confounded: appearance should not be mistaken for truth; narrow human doctrines, that only tend to elate and magnify a few, should not be substituted for the world-redeeming creed of Christ.

deeds - कार्य, काम, विलेख

diametrically - पूर्णतया, पूर्ण रूप से

opposed - विरोधी, खिलाफ़

distinct - सुस्पष्ट, स्पष्ट, अलग अलग

vice - व्यसन

virtue - सदाचार, गुण, अच्छाई, नेकी

confounded - पराजित करना, गलत साबित करना

doctrines - सिद्धांत, मत, विश्वास योग्य नीति

elate - प्रफुल्लित करना[होना]

magnify - आवर्धित करना, बढ़ा देना

substituted - स्थानापन्न व्यक्ति, स्थानापन्न

redeeming - पूरा करना, मुक्ति दिलाना

creed - धर्म

Christ - ईसा, ईसा मसीह, ईसा मसीह

There is-I repeat it-a difference; and it is a good, and not a bad action to mark broadly and clearly the line of separation between them.

broadly - विस्तीर्णता से, खुल कर

separation - वियुक्ति/विच्छेद, पृथक्करण

The world may not like to see these ideas dissevered, for it has been accustomed to blend them; finding it convenient to make external show pass for sterling worth-to let white-washed walls vouch for clean shrines.

accustomed - आदी बना करना, साधना

blend - मिलना, मिश्रण, मिलाना

external - बाहरी, बाह्य

sterling - खरा, शानदार, उत्कृष्ट, विशुद्ध

vouch for - पुष्टि करना

shrines - तीर्थ स्थान, तीर्थ स्थान

It may hate him who dares to scrutinise and expose-to rase the gilding, and show base metal under it-to penetrate the sepulchre, and reveal charnel relics: but hate as it will, it is indebted to him.

dares - ललकार, ललकारना, सामना करना

scrutinise - बारीकी से देखना

expose - दिखाना, विवरण, प्रकट करना

rase - रेस

gilding - पदार्थ जिससे कलई की जाती है, (gild) पदार्थ जिससे कलई की जाती है

penetrate - समझना, घुसना, काम करना

sepulchre - कब्र, समाधि, क़ब्र का

reveal - बताना, दिखाना, प्रकट करना

charnel - शवस्त्र

relics - अवशेष, यादगार, स्मृतिचिह्न

indebted - आभारी, ऋणग्रस्त, एहसानमंद

Ahab did not like Micaiah, because he never prophesied good concerning him, but evil; probably he liked the sycophant son of Chenaannah better; yet might Ahab have escaped a bloody death, had he but stopped his ears to flattery, and opened them to faithful counsel.

Ahab - biblical king of Israel

prophesied - पहले से बता देना

concerning - अभिरुचि, दिलचस्पी, संबंध

evil - दुष्ट, बुरा, पापी

sycophant - खुशामदी, चापलूस

bloody - पूर्ण, बहुत ही, भयंकर, पूर्णतः

flattery - चापलूसी

faithful - निष्ठावान, वफ़ादार

counsel - वकील

There is a man in our own days whose words are not framed to tickle delicate ears: who, to my thinking, comes before the great ones of society, much as the son of Imlah came before the throned Kings of Judah and Israel; and who speaks truth as deep, with a power as prophet-like and as vital-a mien as dauntless and as daring. Is the satirist of "Vanity Fair" admired in high places?

tickle - गुदगुदाना

delicate - स्वादिष्ट, लिहाज रखनेवाला

throned - तख्त, राजसिंहासन, शासक पद

Israel - इज़राइल

prophet - नबी

vital - महत्वपूर्ण, अत्यावश्यक

mien - हावभाव

dauntless - निडर, निर्भीक

daring - साहस, साहसी, शूरवीर, निर्भीक

satirist - व्यंग्यकार

vanity - दिखावा, निरर्थकता, घमण्ड

I cannot tell; but I think if some of those amongst whom he hurls the Greek fire of his sarcasm, and over whom he flashes the levin-brand of his denunciation, were to take his warnings in time-they or their seed might yet escape a fatal Rimoth-Gilead.

amongst - के बीच में, के बीच में

hurls - जोर से चिल्लाना

Greek - यूनानी, ग्रीक

sarcasm - ताना, व्यंग-कथ, व्यंग

flashes - दिखाना, चमकाना, चमक, झलक

levin - लेविन

denunciation - निन्दा, निंदा

warnings - चेतावनीपूर्ण, चेतावनी, धमकी

fatal - जीवघातक, घातक, प्राणांतक

Why have I alluded to this man?

alluded - संकेत करना, ज़िक्र करना

I have alluded to him, Reader, because I think I see in him an intellect profounder and more unique than his contemporaries have yet recognised; because I regard him as the first social regenerator of the day-as the very master of that working corps who would restore to rectitude the warped system of things; because I think no commentator on his writings has yet found the comparison that suits him, the terms which rightly characterise his talent. They say he is like Fielding: they talk of his wit, humour, comic powers. He resembles Fielding as an eagle does a vulture: Fielding could stoop on carrion, but Thackeray never does. His wit is bright, his humour attractive, but both bear the same relation to his serious genius that the mere lambent sheet-lightning playing under the edge of the summer-cloud does to the electric death-spark hid in its womb. Finally, I have alluded to Mr. Thackeray, because to him-if he will accept the tribute of a total stranger-I have dedicated this second edition of "Jane Eyre."

intellect - बुद्धि

profounder - गहन, गहरा, पारंगत, अथाह, गाढ़ा

unique - अनोखा, अद्वितीय, अपूर्व

contemporaries - आधुनिक, समकालीन

recognised - स्वीकार करना, पहचानना

regard - मानना

regenerator - पुनर्जन्मकर्ता

Master - उस्ताद, शिक्षक

corps - सेना की पलटन, (corp) सेना की पलटन

restore - पुनः स्थापित करना, मरम्मत करना

rectitude - पाकबाजी, दुरुस्ती

warped - ताना, मोड़ना

commentator - समालोचक, विवरण प्रसारक

writings - रचना, (writing)

rightly - उचित, उचित रूप से

characterise - चरित्र चित्रण करना

comic - कॉमिक्स, कोमिक्स

resembles - सदृश होना, सदृश होना

eagle - गरुड, चील, उक़ाब, उकाब

vulture - गिद्ध

stoop - झुकना

carrion - सड़ा गला माँसअ

wit - हाजिर-जवाबी

humour - हास्य, शक्तिअ, हास्यकला

genius - तेज़ दिमाग वाला

mere - केवल

lambent - brush#Verb rushing or flickering gently

sheet-lightning - (sheet-lightning) शीट बारिश

spark - चिंगारी

womb - गर्भ, गर्भाशय

tribute - शुल्क, श्रद्धांजलि, श्रधांजलि

dedicated - समर्पित करना, समर्पित करना


December 21st, 1847.


I avail myself of the opportunity which a third edition of "Jane Eyre" affords me, of again addressing a word to the Public, to explain that my claim to the title of novelist rests on this one work alone. If, therefore, the authorship of other works of fiction has been attributed to me, an honour is awarded where it is not merited; and consequently, denied where it is justly due.

avail - लाभ उठाना, लाभ उठाना

novelist - उपन्यासकार, नावेलिस्ट

authorship - लेखन, लेखक कार्य, कर्तृत्व

attributed - विशेषता, लक्ष्ण, सहजगुण

honour - सम्मान

merited - विशेषता, योग्यता, सराहना

consequently - परिणामस्वरूप

denied - प्रतिवाड करना, इन्कार करना

justly - ईमानदारी से

This explanation will serve to rectify mistakes which may already have been made, and to prevent future errors.

rectify - सन्मार्ग पर लाना, ठीक करना


April 13th, 1848.


There was no possibility of taking a walk that day. We had been wandering, indeed, in the leafless shrubbery an hour in the morning; but since dinner (Mrs. Reed, when there was no company, dined early) the cold winter wind had brought with it clouds so sombre, and a rain so penetrating, that further out-door exercise was now out of the question.

wandering - घुमावदार, घुमंतू, अस्थिर

leafless - पत्रहीन

shrubbery - झाड़ झंखाड़, झाड़ी

reed - नरकट, सरकण्डा, नरकुल

dined - भोजन करना, भोजन करना

wind - हवा

sombre - निराशाजनक, उदास/शोकमग्न

penetrating - समझना, घुसना, काम करना

I was glad of it: I never liked long walks, especially on chilly afternoons: dreadful to me was the coming home in the raw twilight, with nipped fingers and toes, and a heart saddened by the chidings of Bessie, the nurse, and humbled by the consciousness of my physical inferiority to Eliza, John, and Georgiana Reed.

chilly - रूखा, उदासीन, ठण्डा, उत्साह हीन

dreadful - भद्दा, शोचनीय, डरावना, विकट

raw - कच्चा

twilight - सांझ, शफक

nipped - चुटकी, जल्दी करना, काटना

saddened - दुखी होना, दुःखी बनना

chidings - डाँट

humbled - विनम्र, नीचा दिखाना, नम्र

consciousness - चेतना

inferiority - हीनता

The said Eliza, John, and Georgiana were now clustered round their mama in the drawing-room: she lay reclined on a sofa by the fireside, and with her darlings about her (for the time neither quarrelling nor crying) looked perfectly happy.

clustered - गुच्छा, जमा होना, झुण्ड

mama - मां

reclined - झुकना

sofa - सोफ़ा, सोफा

fireside - आग के पास, अंगीठी का कार्निस

darlings - प्रिये, चहेता, प्यारा, जानेमन

quarrelling - झगड़ा, (quarrel) झगड़ा

perfectly happy - पूर्णतया खुश

Me, she had dispensed from joining the group; saying, "She regretted to be under the necessity of keeping me at a distance; but that until she heard from Bessie, and could discover by her own observation, that I was endeavouring in good earnest to acquire a more sociable and childlike disposition, a more attractive and sprightly manner-something lighter, franker, more natural, as it were-she really must exclude me from privileges intended only for contented, happy, little children."

dispensed - देना, दवा तैयार करना

regretted - दुःखी होना, खेद होना

necessity - ज़रूरत, आवश्यकता

observation - अवलोकन, प्रेक्षण

endeavouring - प्रयत्न, प्रयत्न करना

acquire - प्राप्त करना, लाना

more sociable - अधिक सामाजिक

childlike - शिशु सुलभ, शिशु सुलभ, अल्हड़

disposition - प्रवृत्ति, प्रबंध, स्थिति

sprightly - ज़िन्दादिल, चुस्त दुरुस्त

franker - फ्रैंकर, (frank) फ्रैंकर

exclude - निकालना, छोड़ना, छोड़ देना

privileges - सौभाग्य, सुविधा, विशेषाधिकार

contented - मात्रा, सन्तुष्ट

"What does Bessie say I have done?" I asked.

"Jane, I don't like cavillers or questioners; besides, there is something truly forbidding in a child taking up her elders in that manner. Be seated somewhere; and until you can speak pleasantly, remain silent."

questioners - प्रश्नकर्ता

besides - पास, अलग, समीप, की तुलना में

truly - वास्तव, =वास्तव में

forbidding - डरावना

elders - वयोवृद्ध, ज्येष्ठ, बुज़ुर्ग, बड़ा

pleasantly - सुखद रूप से, प्रङुल्लतापूर्वक

A breakfast-room adjoined the drawing-room, I slipped in there. It contained a bookcase: I soon possessed myself of a volume, taking care that it should be one stored with pictures. I mounted into the window-seat: gathering up my feet, I sat cross-legged, like a Turk; and, having drawn the red moreen curtain nearly close, I was shrined in double retirement.

adjoined - संयुक्त होना, जोड़ देना

slipped - निकालना, गिरना, जाना, उतरना

bookcase - किताबों की अलमारी

possessed - आक्रान्त करना, रखना

volume - आयतन

mounted - घोड़ा, आयोजित करना, चढना

Turk - a person from Turkey

moreen - मोरीन

shrined - तीर्थ स्थान, तीर्थ स्थान

retirement - सेवा निवृत्ति, सेवानिवृत्ति

Folds of scarlet drapery shut in my view to the right hand; to the left were the clear panes of glass, protecting, but not separating me from the drear November day. At intervals, while turning over the leaves of my book, I studied the aspect of that winter afternoon.

scarlet - क़िरमिज़

drapery - लटकता कपड़ा, पर्दा

panes - फलक, खिड़की का शीशा

drear - ड्रीअर

intervals - विराम, अंतराल, अन्तराल

aspect - दृष्टिकोण, गुण, रूप, पहलू, रूख

Afar, it offered a pale blank of mist and cloud; near a scene of wet lawn and storm-beat shrub, with ceaseless rain sweeping away wildly before a long and lamentable blast.

afar - बहुत दूर तक, दूर से/दूर पर

offered - देना, अर्पण करना, बलि देना

mist - धुंध

lawn - लॉन, दूर्वाक्षेत्र

shrub - झाड़ी

ceaseless - लगातार, अनवरत

sweeping away - साफ कर देना

wildly - शिष्टाचारहीनतः, अशिष्टतः

lamentable - निराशाजनक, शोक योग्य

blast - तेज झोंका

I returned to my book-Bewick's History of British Birds: the letterpress thereof I cared little for, generally speaking; and yet there were certain introductory pages that, child as I was, I could not pass quite as a blank.

letterpress - पत्रप्रेस

thereof - इसका/उसका

introductory - आरंभिक, प्रस्तावनारूप, प्रावेशिक

They were those which treat of the haunts of sea-fowl; of "the solitary rocks and promontories" by them only inhabited; of the coast of Norway, studded with isles from its southern extremity, the Lindeness, or Naze, to the North Cape-

haunts - याद आना, भूत बन कर घूमना, अड्डा

fowl - पालतू चिड़िया

solitary - अकेला

promontories - उच्च अंतरीप, अन्तरीय

inhabited - निवास करना, बसना, में निवास करना

Norway - नार्वे

studded - कील, भर देना, अश्वशाला, पशुशाला

Isles - टापू

extremity - चरम सीमा, पराकाष्ठा, अग्रांग

Naze - क्या हुआ

Cape - गरदनी, कंधे का वस्त्र

"Where the Northern Ocean, in vast whirls,

vast - बृहत, बहु, विशाल, बहुत बड़ा

whirls - घुमाव, चक्कर, घूमना

Boils round the naked, melancholy isles

naked - नग्न, नंगा

melancholy - निराशाजनक, उदासी की अवस्था

Of farthest Thule; and the Atlantic surge

Thule - थूले

surge - तेज़ि से बढ़ना, आवेश, लहर

Pours in among the stormy Hebrides."

stormy - प्रचण्ड, तूफ़ानी

Hebrides - group of islands

Nor could I pass unnoticed the suggestion of the bleak shores of Lapland, Siberia, Spitzbergen, Nova Zembla, Iceland, Greenland, with "the vast sweep of the Arctic Zone, and those forlorn regions of dreary space,-that reservoir of frost and snow, where firm fields of ice, the accumulation of centuries of winters, glazed in Alpine heights above heights, surround the pole, and concentre the multiplied rigours of extreme cold." Of these death-white realms I formed an idea of my own: shadowy, like all the half-comprehended notions that float dim through children's brains, but strangely impressive. The words in these introductory pages connected themselves with the succeeding vignettes, and gave significance to the rock standing up alone in a sea of billow and spray; to the broken boat stranded on a desolate coast; to the cold and ghastly moon glancing through bars of cloud at a wreck just sinking.

unnoticed - अदृष्ट/बेखबर/अज्ञात/अचानक

bleak - सर्द

shores - किनारा, टेक लगाना, उठाना

Lapland - region in Scandinavia

Siberia - साइबेरिया

Nova - अकस्मात् भासित नक्षत्र

Iceland - id=Q189 ountry in Europe

Greenland - a large self-governing island in North America

sweep - सफ़ाई करना

Arctic Zone - आर्कटिक जोन

forlorn - अकेला, क्षीण, परित्यक्त

dreary - नीरस, निराशाजनक, मन्द उदास

reservoir - जलाशय

frost - पाला

firm - स्थिर, दृढ़, अचल

accumulation - जमाव, संचयन, संग्रहण, संचित

glazed - मिश्रण, चमकाना

Alpine - उच्च पर्वत शिखरीय वृक्ष

surround - घेरना

pole - उत्तरी या दक्षिणी ध्रुव

concentre - ध्यान केंद्रित करें

multiplied - वृद्धि करना, बढ्ना, जनन करना

rigours - कठोरता, कठिनाई, सावधानी, कड़ाई

realms - क्षेत्र, राज्य

shadowy - अस्पष्ट, छाया सा, रहस्यपूर्ण

comprehended - समझना, समाविष्ट करना

notions - इच्छा, धारणा, विचार

float - धारा के साथ बहना, प्रवहमान रहना

dim - धुंधला

strangely - अजीब तरह से, असाधारण रूप से

vignettes - चित्र, मानपत्र पर का बेलबूटा

significance - महत्व, महत्त्व, मतलब, अर्थ

billow - तरंगित होना, महातरंग, बड़ी तरंग

spray - फुहार

stranded - किनारा, लट, पहलू, रेशा

desolate - सुनसान, निर्जन, वीरान

ghastly - विवर्ण, विकट, भयंकर, बेकार, खराब

glancing - झलकना, (glance) झलकना

wreck - टक्कर, नष्ट करना, नाश करना

I cannot tell what sentiment haunted the quite solitary churchyard, with its inscribed headstone; its gate, its two trees, its low horizon, girdled by a broken wall, and its newly-risen crescent, attesting the hour of eventide.

sentiment - भावना, विचार, मनोभाव, भावुकता

haunted - याद आना, भूत बन कर घूमना, अड्डा

churchyard - गिरजा के समीप मृतकों के गाढ़ने का स्थान

inscribed - छापना, उत्किर्ण करना

headstone - कब्र के सिरहाने का पत्थर

horizon - क्षितिज

girdled - कमरपेटी, घेरना, पेटी से कसना

newly - नया, नया नया

Crescent - अर्धचंद्र

attesting - प्रमाणित करना, गवाही देना

eventide - सायंकाळ

The two ships becalmed on a torpid sea, I believed to be marine phantoms.

becalmed - तेज़ हवा न होने के कारण हिलने में असमर्थ{जहाज से संबंधित}

torpid - सुप्त, निष्क्रिय, आलसी, सुस्त

marine - मैरीन

phantoms - भूत, भुतहा विचार, छाया, प्रेत

The fiend pinning down the thief's pack behind him, I passed over quickly: it was an object of terror.

fiend - शैतान, दुष्ट व्यक्ति, राक्षस

terror - दहशत, वहशत, सहम

So was the black horned thing seated aloof on a rock, surveying a distant crowd surrounding a gallows.

horned - सींग से मारना, भोंपू

aloof - अलग/दूर, अलग थलग

distant - दूर

surrounding - आस पास का

gallows - फांसी का तखता, (gallow) फांसी का तखता

Each picture told a story; mysterious often to my undeveloped understanding and imperfect feelings, yet ever profoundly interesting: as interesting as the tales Bessie sometimes narrated on winter evenings, when she chanced to be in good humour; and when, having brought her ironing-table to the nursery hearth, she allowed us to sit about it, and while she got up Mrs.

mysterious - रहस्यपूर्ण, गूढ

undeveloped - अविकसित, उपयोग में न लाया गया

imperfect - अपूर्ण, त्रुटिपूर्ण, अपूर्ण भूत

feelings - भावना, अहसास, जज्बात

profoundly - पूरी तरह से, पूर्णतया, नितान्त

tales - झूठ, कहानी, किस्सा, अफवाह

Narrated - बयान करना, सुनाना, आख्यान करना

nursery - नर्सरी, संवर्धन स्थान

hearth - अंगीठी, चूल्हा

Reed's lace frills, and crimped her nightcap borders, fed our eager attention with passages of love and adventure taken from old fairy tales and other ballads; or (as at a later period I discovered) from the pages of Pamela, and Henry, Earl of Moreland.

lace - फीता

frills - झालर, ताम झाम

crimped - समेटना/सिकोड़ना/ऐंठना/मोड़ना

nightcap - शयन टोपी, रात्रि पेय

eager - उत्सुक

passages - परिवर्तन, स्वीकृति, किराया

fairy - परी, अप्सरा

ballads - गाथागीत, सादा गाना, प्रेम गीत

earl - अर्ल

With Bewick on my knee, I was then happy: happy at least in my way. I feared nothing but interruption, and that came too soon. The breakfast-room door opened.

interruption - बाधा, अवरोध, , रुकावट, व्यवधान

"Boh! Madam Mope!" cried the voice of John Reed; then he paused: he found the room apparently empty.

boh - बोह

madam - महोदया, साहिबा, श्रीमती, मैडम

Mope - उदास होना, निरुत्साह होना

paused - विराम, रूकना, ठहराव, रोक, रुकना

apparently - स्पष्ट रूप से, बिल्कुल

"Where the dickens is she!" he continued. "Lizzy! Georgy! (calling to his sisters) Joan is not here: tell mama she is run out into the rain-bad animal!"

dickens - Transliterations of the surname

"It is well I drew the curtain," thought I; and I wished fervently he might not discover my hiding-place: nor would John Reed have found it out himself; he was not quick either of vision or conception; but Eliza just put her head in at the door, and said at once-

fervently - उत्सुकता से, उत्कटतापूर्वक

vision - दृष्टि, नज़र

conception - धारणा, समझ, गर्भाधान, संकल्पना

"She is in the window-seat, to be sure, Jack."

Jack - जैक

And I came out immediately, for I trembled at the idea of being dragged forth by the said Jack.

trembled - परेशान करना, हिलना, कम्पन

dragged - बाहर निकालना, बाधा, अवरोध

forth - आगे

"What do you want?" I asked, with awkward diffidence.

awkward - अनुपयुक्त, भद्दा, तकलीफ़देह

diffidence - संकोच

"Say, 'What do you want, Master Reed?'" was the answer. "I want you to come here;" and seating himself in an arm-chair, he intimated by a gesture that I was to approach and stand before him.

arm-chair - (arm-chair) आर्म कुर्सी

intimated - बताना, घनिष्ठ, आत्मीय, सुपरिचित

gesture - इशारा, संकेत

approach - पास आना

John Reed was a schoolboy of fourteen years old; four years older than I, for I was but ten: large and stout for his age, with a dingy and unwholesome skin; thick lineaments in a spacious visage, heavy limbs and large extremities. He gorged himself habitually at table, which made him bilious, and gave him a dim and bleared eye and flabby cheeks.

schoolboy - स्कूली लड़का, स्कूली लड़का

stout - हट्टा-कट्टा

dingy - काला और गन्दा

unwholesome - अस्वाभाविक, अनैतिक, हानिकर

lineaments - मुखौटा

spacious - विस्तृत, विशाल, बड़ा, विस्तीर्ण

visage - चेहरा, मुख मुद्रा, मुख छवि

limbs - शरारती, शाखा, अंग, पंखुड़ी, छोर

extremities - चरम सीमा, पराकाष्ठा, अग्रांग

gorged - भकोसना, तंग घाटी

habitually - आदतन, आदत से

bilious - भद्दा, पैत्त, पित्तदोषग्रस्त

flabby cheeks - फ्लैबी चेक्स

He ought now to have been at school; but his mama had taken him home for a month or two, "on account of his delicate health." Mr.

Miles, the master, affirmed that he would do very well if he had fewer cakes and sweetmeats sent him from home; but the mother's heart turned from an opinion so harsh, and inclined rather to the more refined idea that John's sallowness was owing to over-application and, perhaps, to pining after home.

affirmed - दृढतापूर्वक कहना

mother's heart - मातृ की दिल

harsh - कटु, कर्कश, निर्दयी

more refined - उत्कृष्ट होना

sallowness - सुनहरापन

owing - चाहना, देनदार होना

John had not much affection for his mother and sisters, and an antipathy to me. He bullied and punished me; not two or three times in the week, nor once or twice in the day, but continually: every nerve I had feared him, and every morsel of flesh in my bones shrank when he came near.

affection - स्नेह, प्यार

antipathy - चिढ़, विद्वेष, वैरभाव

bullied - धमकाना, शानदार, धौंस देना

continually - लगातार, निरंतर

nerve - नस, तंत्रिका

morsel - कौर, ग्रास, निवाला

flesh - लहम, क्रव्य, मांस

shrank - घटना, पीछे हटना, सिकोड़ना

There were moments when I was bewildered by the terror he inspired, because I had no appeal whatever against either his menaces or his inflictions; the servants did not like to offend their young master by taking my part against him, and Mrs.

bewildered - हैरान करना, घबरा देना

inspired - उत्पन्न होना, प्रेरित करना

appeal - अपील करना

menaces - हानिकारक, धमकी

inflictions - लगाना, कष्ट देना, कष्ट देना

offend - अपमान करना

Reed was blind and deaf on the subject: she never saw him strike or heard him abuse me, though he did both now and then in her very presence, more frequently, however, behind her back.

blind - अंधा

deaf - बहरा

strike - हड़ताल

abuse - गाली

presence - मौजूदगी

Habitually obedient to John, I came up to his chair: he spent some three minutes in thrusting out his tongue at me as far as he could without damaging the roots: I knew he would soon strike, and while dreading the blow, I mused on the disgusting and ugly appearance of him who would presently deal it.

obedient - हुक्मबरदार, आज्ञानुवर्ती

thrusting - धमकी देना, (thrust) धमकी देना

roots - धातु, खोदना, मूल, उत्साहित करना

dreading - डर, डरना, से डरना, भय/डर

mused - विचार करना, प्रेरक शक्ति

disgusting - गुस्सा, घृणा करना, घृणा

Presently - अभी, शीघ्र ही, संप्रति

I wonder if he read that notion in my face; for, all at once, without speaking, he struck suddenly and strongly. I tottered, and on regaining my equilibrium retired back a step or two from his chair.

notion - इच्छा, धारणा, विचार

struck - बजना, आक्रमण, निकालना

tottered - डगमगाते हुए चलना, लडखड़ाना

Regaining - पुनः प्राप्त करना

equilibrium - साम्यावस्था

"That is for your impudence in answering mama awhile since," said he, "and for your sneaking way of getting behind curtains, and for the look you had in your eyes two minutes since, you rat!"

impudence - अक्खड़पन, अक्खड़तापूर्ण वचन

awhile - तब तक

sneaking - गुप्त, ले कर चंपत हो जाना

rat - चूहा

Accustomed to John Reed's abuse, I never had an idea of replying to it; my care was how to endure the blow which would certainly follow the insult.

endure - सहना, सहन करना, टिके रहना

"What were you doing behind the curtain?" he asked.

"I was reading."

"Show the book."

I returned to the window and fetched it thence.

fetched - जाकर लाना, दाम पर बिकना, ले आना

thence - वहाँ से

"You have no business to take our books; you are a dependent, mama says; you have no money; your father left you none; you ought to beg, and not to live here with gentlemen's children like us, and eat the same meals we do, and wear clothes at our mama's expense. Now, I'll teach you to rummage my bookshelves: for they are mine; all the house belongs to me, or will do in a few years.

dependent - निर्भर, निर्भर करना

beg - भीख मांगना

expense - ख़र्च

rummage - खोज, फुटकर सामन, खूब तलाश कर

bookshelves - किताबों की अल्मारी

Go and stand by the door, out of the way of the mirror and the windows."

I did so, not at first aware what was his intention; but when I saw him lift and poise the book and stand in act to hurl it, I instinctively started aside with a cry of alarm: not soon enough, however; the volume was flung, it hit me, and I fell, striking my head against the door and cutting it. The cut bled, the pain was sharp: my terror had passed its climax; other feelings succeeded.

poise - तैयार करना, रुकना, संतुलित करना

hurl - जोर से चिल्लाना

instinctively - सहज रूप से, सहज बोध से

aside - अलग, छोड़कर, एक किनारे

flung - डालना, धक्का देना

striking - असाधारण, आश्चर्यजनक

bled - निकालना, ऐंठना, निकल जाना

climax - शिखर, पराकाष्ठा, चरम बिन्दु

"Wicked and cruel boy!" I said. "You are like a murderer-you are like a slave-driver-you are like the Roman emperors!"

wicked - दुष्ट, (wick) दुष्ट

murderer - हत्यारा, ख़ूनी, क़ातिल

slave - दास, ग़ुलाम, दासी

Roman - प्राचीन रोमवासी

emperors - कैसर, सम्राट

I had read Goldsmith's History of Rome, and had formed my opinion of Nero, Caligula, etc. Also I had drawn parallels in silence, which I never thought thus to have declared aloud.

goldsmith - सुनार, सुनारी q emale goldsmith

Rome - रोम

etc - आदि

parallels - अनुरूप, मिलना, बराबर करना, सम

silence - ख़ामोशी, चुप्पी, मौनता

declared - बताना, प्रकट करना, कहना

aloud - उच्च स्वर में, ज़ोर से

"What! what!" he cried. "Did she say that to me? Did you hear her, Eliza and Georgiana? Won't I tell mama? but first-"

He ran headlong at me: I felt him grasp my hair and my shoulder: he had closed with a desperate thing. I really saw in him a tyrant, a murderer. I felt a drop or two of blood from my head trickle down my neck, and was sensible of somewhat pungent suffering: these sensations for the time predominated over fear, and I received him in frantic sort.

headlong - सिर के बल, अन्धाधुन्ध

grasp - समझना, पाने का प्रयत्न करना

desperate - निराशाजनक, निराश, खतरनाक

tyrant - checkतानाशाह, checkआततायी

trickle - टपकाना, टपकना, रिसाव

somewhat - कुछ, किंचित, थोड़ा बहुत, कुछ कुछ

pungent - तीखा, तीक्ष्ण, कषाय, कसैला, तीता

sensations - संवेदना, उत्तेजना, जोश, ज्ञान

predominated - प्रबल, प्रधानता होना, हावी होना

frantic - उत्तेजित, व्यग्र

I don't very well know what I did with my hands, but he called me "Rat! Rat!" and bellowed out aloud. Aid was near him: Eliza and Georgiana had run for Mrs. Reed, who was gone upstairs: she now came upon the scene, followed by Bessie and her maid Abbot. We were parted: I heard the words-

bellowed - जोर से चिल्लाना

maid - लड़की

Abbot - t-needed i

"Dear! dear! What a fury to fly at Master John!"

fury - प्रचण्डता, कोप, प्रकोप

"Did ever anybody see such a picture of passion!"

Then Mrs. Reed subjoined-

"Take her away to the red-room, and lock her in there." Four hands were immediately laid upon me, and I was borne upstairs.


I resisted all the way: a new thing for me, and a circumstance which greatly strengthened the bad opinion Bessie and Miss Abbot were disposed to entertain of me.

resisted - रोकना, निवारण करना

circumstance - परिस्थिति

greatly - अत्यन्त, बहुत ही, बहुत ही

strengthened - शक्ति बढ़ना, मजबूत करना

disposed - सजाना, ठीक रखना, ठिकाने लगाना

The fact is, I was a trifle beside myself; or rather out of myself, as the French would say: I was conscious that a moment's mutiny had already rendered me liable to strange penalties, and, like any other rebel slave, I felt resolved, in my desperation, to go all lengths.

trifle - क्षुद्र धनराशि, छोटी सी बात

beside - बग़ल, की बग़ल में

conscious - सतर्क, जागरूक, साभिप्राय, चेतन

mutiny - विद्रोह करना, बगावत करना, गदर

rendered - देना, अर्पण करना, पैदा करना

liable - उत्तरदायी, उत्तरदायित्व, आदी

penalties - दंड, जुर्माना, दण्ड/सज़ा

rebel - विद्रोही

resolved - निश्चय करना, समाधान करना

desperation - निराशा

"Hold her arms, Miss Abbot: she's like a mad cat."

"For shame! for shame!" cried the lady's-maid. "What shocking conduct, Miss Eyre, to strike a young gentleman, your benefactress's son! Your young master."

shame - लज्जा

shocking - झटका, टक्कर, सदमा पहुँचाना

conduct - चलाना, आचरण, संचालन करना

benefactress - female benefactor

"Master! How is he my master? Am I a servant?"

"No; you are less than a servant, for you do nothing for your keep. There, sit down, and think over your wickedness."

think over - विचार करना

wickedness - दुष्टता, जुगुप्सा, अनैतिकता

They had got me by this time into the apartment indicated by Mrs. Reed, and had thrust me upon a stool: my impulse was to rise from it like a spring; their two pair of hands arrested me instantly.

thrust - आक्रमण, बल, ठेलना, मुख्य विषय

stool - चौकी, तिपाही, पाखाना, मल, गुह

impulse - आवेग

instantly - तुरंत, तत्काल, शीघ्र

"If you don't sit still, you must be tied down," said Bessie. "Miss Abbot, lend me your garters; she would break mine directly."

garters - इलास्टिक बंद, मोज़ा बन्द

Miss Abbot turned to divest a stout leg of the necessary ligature. This preparation for bonds, and the additional ignominy it inferred, took a little of the excitement out of me.

divest - उतारना, वंचित कर देना

ligature - संयुक्ताक्षर

preparation - तैयारी

Bonds - बंधन, अनुबंध पट्र, बन्धन

additional - अतिरिक्त

ignominy - तिरस्कार, अपयश

inferred - अनुमान करना, अनुमान लगाना

"Don't take them off," I cried; "I will not stir."

stir - हिलाना-डुलाना

In guarantee whereof, I attached myself to my seat by my hands.

guarantee - गारंटी

whereof - of what, of which, of whom

"Mind you don't," said Bessie; and when she had ascertained that I was really subsiding, she loosened her hold of me; then she and Miss Abbot stood with folded arms, looking darkly and doubtfully on my face, as incredulous of my sanity.

ascertained - पता लगाना, सुनिश्चित करना

subsiding - घटना, शांत होना, बैठ जाना

loosened - ढीला करना

darkly - गहरी उदासी से

doubtfully - संदेहपूर्ण ढंग से

incredulous - अविश्वासपूर्ण, अविश्वासी

sanity - विवेक, मानसिक संतुलन

"She never did so before," at last said Bessie, turning to the Abigail.

Abigail - सहेली

"But it was always in her," was the reply. "I've told Missis often my opinion about the child, and Missis agreed with me. She's an underhand little thing: I never saw a girl of her age with so much cover."

missis - पत्नीई, श्रीमती जी, श्रीमती जी

underhand - कपटपूर्ण, कपटपूर्ण ढंग से

Bessie answered not; but ere long, addressing me, she said-"You ought to be aware, Miss, that you are under obligations to Mrs. Reed: she keeps you: if she were to turn you off, you would have to go to the poorhouse."

ere - पहले, शीघ्र

obligations - अनुबंध पट्र, एहसान, आभार, ऋण

poorhouse - अनाथाश्रम

I had nothing to say to these words: they were not new to me: my very first recollections of existence included hints of the same kind. This reproach of my dependence had become a vague sing-song in my ear: very painful and crushing, but only half intelligible. Miss Abbot joined in-

recollections - स्मरण, स्मरण शक्ति, याद, स्मृति

existence - अस्तित्व, भाव

hints - झलक, संकेत, सुझाव, इशारा

reproach - धिक्कारना, दोष लगाना, उलाहना

dependence - सहारा, निर्भर्ता, विश्वास

crushing - चूर चूर करना, दबाना, जमघट

intelligible - समझ में आने लायक, बोधनीय

"And you ought not to think yourself on an equality with the Misses Reed and Master Reed, because Missis kindly allows you to be brought up with them. They will have a great deal of money, and you will have none: it is your place to be humble, and to try to make yourself agreeable to them."

equality - समानता

humble - नम्र, विनीत, सीधा सादा

agreeable - रजामंद

"What we tell you is for your good," added Bessie, in no harsh voice, "you should try to be useful and pleasant, then, perhaps, you would have a home here; but if you become passionate and rude, Missis will send you away, I am sure."

passionate - कामुक, भावुक

"Besides," said Miss Abbot, "God will punish her: He might strike her dead in the midst of her tantrums, and then where would she go? Come, Bessie, we will leave her: I wouldn't have her heart for anything. Say your prayers, Miss Eyre, when you are by yourself; for if you don't repent, something bad might be permitted to come down the chimney and fetch you away."

midst - बीच

tantrums - चिड़चिड़ेपन का दौरा, झल्लाहट

repent - पछताना

permitted - परमिट, अनुमति देना, अनुमति

chimney - चिमनी, धुआँकश

fetch - जा कर लाना

They went, shutting the door, and locking it behind them.

The red-room was a square chamber, very seldom slept in, I might say never, indeed, unless when a chance influx of visitors at Gateshead Hall rendered it necessary to turn to account all the accommodation it contained: yet it was one of the largest and stateliest chambers in the mansion.

seldom - कभी कभी

influx - अंतः प्रवाह, अंतर्वाह, अंतरागम

turn to account - उपयोग करना

stateliest - शानदार, प्रभावशाली, उत्कृष्ट

chambers - सभा, सदन, कमरा, कचहरी, कोठरी

mansion - हवेली, महल

A bed supported on massive pillars of mahogany, hung with curtains of deep red damask, stood out like a tabernacle in the centre; the two large windows, with their blinds always drawn down, were half shrouded in festoons and falls of similar drapery; the carpet was red; the table at the foot of the bed was covered with a crimson cloth; the walls were a soft fawn colour with a blush of pink in it; the wardrobe, the toilet-table, the chairs were of darkly polished old mahogany. Out of these deep surrounding shades rose high, and glared white, the piled-up mattresses and pillows of the bed, spread with a snowy Marseilles counterpane. Scarcely less prominent was an ample cushioned easy-chair near the head of the bed, also white, with a footstool before it; and looking, as I thought, like a pale throne.

massive - भारी, भीमकाय, विशाल

pillars - मुख्य व्यक्ति/प्रधान व्यक्ति

damask - बूटीदार कपड़ा, बूटीदार कपड़ा

tabernacle - प्रकोश, मौरमन मंदिर, देवालय

blinds - गुप्त, झिलमिली, अविवेचित, बहाना

shrouded - जहाज के मस्तूल की रस्सी, छिपाना

festoons - माला, तोरण, बंदनवार से सजाना

crimson - क़िरमिज़ी

Fawn - हिरणी का बच्चा, हिरनौटा

blush - शरम इत्यादि के वजह से गाल लाल पड़ना

wardrobe - अलमारी

toilet-table - (toilet-table) शौचालय मेज

polished - चमकाना, चमक, रोगन करना

mahogany - महोगनी

shades - छायाकरण, धूप का चश्मा

glared - चमक, गुस्से से घूरना, चमकना

piled - ढेर लगना, बहुत सारा, समूह, ढेर

mattresses - बिस्तर

pillows - रखना, सहारा देना, तकिया

snowy - हिमाच्छादित, हिम श्वेत

Marseilles - city in southern France

counterpane - पलंगपोश

scarcely - शायद ही, केवल, मुश्किल से

prominent - प्रमुख, दृश्य, सुस्पष्ट

ample - प्रचुर, पर्याप्त

cushioned - गद्दी, बचाना, दूर रखना

footstool - मचिया, पादपीठ

throne - सिंहासन, राजसिंहासन, तख़्त

This room was chill, because it seldom had a fire; it was silent, because remote from the nursery and kitchen; solemn, because it was known to be so seldom entered. The house-maid alone came here on Saturdays, to wipe from the mirrors and the furniture a week's quiet dust: and Mrs.

chill - ठंड

solemn - शान्त, पवित्र, समारोही, गंभीर

wipe - किसी चीज से रगड़ कर साफ करना

Reed herself, at far intervals, visited it to review the contents of a certain secret drawer in the wardrobe, where were stored divers parchments, her jewel-casket, and a miniature of her deceased husband; and in those last words lies the secret of the red-room-the spell which kept it so lonely in spite of its grandeur.

Contents - मात्रा, सन्तुष्ट

drawer - दराज

divers - गोताखोर, पनडुब्बा

parchments - चर्मपत्र पर लिखित दस्तावेज़

jewel - मणि, रत्न, पत्थर

casket - शवपेटिका

miniature - लघु, लघु चित्र

deceased - मृत्यु, स्वर्गवास होना, मर जाना

spite - द्वेष-विद्वेष, मनमुटाव, गांठ

grandeur - भव्यता, वैभव, श्रेष्ठता

Mr. Reed had been dead nine years: it was in this chamber he breathed his last; here he lay in state; hence his coffin was borne by the undertaker's men; and, since that day, a sense of dreary consecration had guarded it from frequent intrusion.

chamber - सभा, सदन, कमरा, कचहरी, कोठरी

hence - अतः, इस कारण से

coffin - ताबूत

undertaker - अंत्येष्टि प्रबंधक

consecration - action of consecrating

frequent - अक्सर

intrusion - पैठ, अनधिकार प्रवेश

My seat, to which Bessie and the bitter Miss Abbot had left me riveted, was a low ottoman near the marble chimney-piece; the bed rose before me; to my right hand there was the high, dark wardrobe, with subdued, broken reflections varying the gloss of its panels; to my left were the muffled windows; a great looking-glass between them repeated the vacant majesty of the bed and room.

Bitter - कड़ुवा

riveted - कीलक, खूँटी से जड़ना

ottoman - उस्मानी

marble - संगमरमर

subdued - रोकना, शान्त करना, वस में लाना

reflections - झलक, परछाई, आरोप, दोष, चिंतन

varying - बदलना, , भिन्न होना

gloss - चमक

panels - दल, फलक, पट्टी, चयनक

muffled - लपेटना, आवाज़ दबाना

vacant - खाली, विचार शून्य, रिक्त

Majesty - तेजस्विता, गरिमा, प्रताप, विभूति

I was not quite sure whether they had locked the door; and when I dared move, I got up and went to see. Alas! yes: no jail was ever more secure. Returning, I had to cross before the looking-glass; my fascinated glance involuntarily explored the depth it revealed.

dared - ललकार, ललकारना, सामना करना

Alas - हाय, (ala) हाय

jail - कारागार, बन्दीघर, जेल, क़ैदख़ाना

secure - प्राप्त करना, निश्चित, सुरक्षित

fascinated - मंत्र मुग्ध करना

glance - चमकना, ग्लांस करना, नजर डालना

involuntarily - सितारा मछली, अनिच्छा से

depth - गहराई

revealed - बताना, दिखाना, प्रकट करना

All looked colder and darker in that visionary hollow than in reality: and the strange little figure there gazing at me, with a white face and arms specking the gloom, and glittering eyes of fear moving where all else was still, had the effect of a real spirit: I thought it like one of the tiny phantoms, half fairy, half imp, Bessie's evening stories represented as coming out of lone, ferny dells in moors, and appearing before the eyes of belated travellers. I returned to my stool.

visionary - अव्यावहारिक व्यक्ति

hollow - खोखला

gazing - एक्टक देखने ताला, टकटकी

specking - विशेष निर्देश

gloom - अंधकार, उदासी, निराशा

glittering - शानदार, चमकीला, उज्ज्वल

imp - छोटा प्रेत या पिशाच

Lone - अकेला

ferny - फर्न को उगाने का स्थान

dells - घाटी, पेड़ों से घिरी छोटी घाटी

moors - बंजर भूमि, अजोत भूमि

belated - विलंबित

travellers - पर्यटक, यात्री, मुसाफिर

Superstition was with me at that moment; but it was not yet her hour for complete victory: my blood was still warm; the mood of the revolted slave was still bracing me with its bitter vigour; I had to stem a rapid rush of retrospective thought before I quailed to the dismal present.

superstition - अंधविश्वास

victory - विजय, संजय, जीता, जय/विजय, फ़तेह

revolted - विद्रोह करना, विरोध, विद्रोह

bracing - स्फूर्तिदायक, ताज़गी देने वाला

vigour - ताकत, जोश, ऊर्जा, शक्ति/प्रभाव

stem - रोकना, उत्पन्न होना, धातु, गलही

rapid - द्रुतगामी, त्वरित, तत्काल

rush - शीघ्रता करना, जल्दी करना

retrospective - पूर्वव्यापी

quailed - घबरा जाना, बटेर, लवा बटेर

dismal - निराशाजनक, भयानक, निराशपुर्ण

All John Reed's violent tyrannies, all his sisters'proud indifference, all his mother's aversion, all the servants'partiality, turned up in my disturbed mind like a dark deposit in a turbid well. Why was I always suffering, always browbeaten, always accused, for ever condemned? Why could I never please? Why was it useless to try to win any one's favour?

tyrannies - क्रूरता, अत्याचार, निरंकुशता

indifference - उदासीनता, उपेक्षा

aversion - घृणा

partiality - पक्षपात, झुकाव, तरफ़दारी

disturbed - परेशान करना, बाधा डालना

deposit - जमा करना, रखना, जमा करना, जमा

turbid - पंकिल, गंदा

browbeaten - धमकाना, धौंस देना

accused - अभियोग लगाना, दोष लगाना

condemned - घोषित करना, दोष लगाना

useless - बेकार

Eliza, who was headstrong and selfish, was respected. Georgiana, who had a spoiled temper, a very acrid spite, a captious and insolent carriage, was universally indulged. Her beauty, her pink cheeks and golden curls, seemed to give delight to all who looked at her, and to purchase indemnity for every fault.

headstrong - हठीला, दुराग्रही, हठी, ज़िद्दी

Selfish - स्वार्थी, मतलबी

spoiled - लाभ, दूषित करना, बिगाड़ देना

temper - लचकीला बनाना, कम करना, गुस्सा

acrid - कटु, बदबू, तीखा, उग्र, तीक्ष्ण

captious - अवगुण ढूंढ़नेवाला

insolent - धृष्ट, अक्खड़, बदतमीज़, उध्दत

carriage - गाड़ी

universally - सर्वत्र, सभी के द्वारा

indulged - लिप्त होना, प्रसन्न करना

cheeks - घमंडी, गाल, जबड़ा, गुस्ताख

Golden - महतपूर्ण, अच्छा, शुभ, सोने का

curls - मोड़ना, जाना, लपेटना, सिकोड़ना

delight - ख़ुश, आनंद

purchase - खरीद, खरीदी हुई बस्तु

indemnity - हरजाना/क्षतिपूर्ति, क्षतिपूर्ति

fault - खोट, दोष

John no one thwarted, much less punished; though he twisted the necks of the pigeons, killed the little pea-chicks, set the dogs at the sheep, stripped the hothouse vines of their fruit, and broke the buds off the choicest plants in the conservatory: he called his mother "old girl," too; sometimes reviled her for her dark skin, similar to his own; bluntly disregarded her wishes; not unfrequently tore and spoiled her silk attire; and he was still "her own darling." I dared commit no fault: I strove to fulfil every duty; and I was termed naughty and tiresome, sullen and sneaking, from morning to noon, and from noon to night.

thwarted - रोकना, आड़ा तख्ता

twisted - झटका, मुड़ जाना, मोड़ना, घुमाव

pigeons - काम, कबूतर, मसखाली, कपोत

pea - मटर

chicks - युवती, चूज़ा, चूजे

stripped - पोशाक, निकाल देना, पट्टी

hothouse - कांच घर, कांच घर

vines - द्राक्षा, अंगूर की बेल, लता

buds - कली, कलम लगाना, कली निकालना

conservatory - रक्षणशाला

reviled - गाली देना, धिक्कारना

bluntly - साफ़ साफ़, बिना किसी बनावट के

disregarded - अनादर, अवहेलना करना, उपेक्षा

tore - दुकान

silk - रेशम

attire - पोशाक, आभूषण पहनना, कपडे

darling - प्रिये, चहेता, प्यारा, जानेमन

strove - कठोर परिश्रम करना, प्रयास करना

fulfil - पूरा करना

naughty - शरारती, दुष्ट, अश्लील

tiresome - तकलीफ़देह, उबाऊ, थकानेवाला

sullen - बदमिजाज़, घिरा हुआ, खिन्न

noon - मध्याह्न

My head still ached and bled with the blow and fall I had received: no one had reproved John for wantonly striking me; and because I had turned against him to avert farther irrational violence, I was loaded with general opprobrium.

ached - तरसना, दर्द, तकलीफ़ देना

reproved - फटकारना, कटु आलोचना करना

wantonly - निर्दयतापूर्वक

avert - दूर रहना, फेर लेना, टाल देना

irrational - सितारा मछली, असंगत, अविवेकी

violence - हिंसा

loaded - भारी, मिश्रण, भरना

opprobrium - तिरस्कार, अपमान, अनादर, कलंक

"Unjust!-unjust!" said my reason, forced by the agonising stimulus into precocious though transitory power: and Resolve, equally wrought up, instigated some strange expedient to achieve escape from insupportable oppression-as running away, or, if that could not be effected, never eating or drinking more, and letting myself die.

unjust - अनुचित, अनुचित/अधर्मी

agonising - बहुत ही चिंतित रहना

stimulus - उत्तेजना, प्रोत्साहन, उद्दीपन

precocious - अकालप्रौढ़, अकालपुष्पित

transitory - क्षणिक, अनित्य

resolve - निश्चय करना

instigated - उकसाना, प्रारंभ करना, भड़काना

expedient - व्यावहारिक, योग्य, उपाय

insupportable - सितारा मछली, असंगत, असह्य

oppression - ज़ुल्म, उत्पीड़न

What a consternation of soul was mine that dreary afternoon! How all my brain was in tumult, and all my heart in insurrection! Yet in what darkness, what dense ignorance, was the mental battle fought! I could not answer the ceaseless inward question-why I thus suffered; now, at the distance of-I will not say how many years, I see it clearly.

consternation - व्याकुलता, विस्मय/घबराहट

soul - आत्मा, जीवात्मा

tumult - हो हल्ला, दंगा, हंगामा, खलबल

insurrection - विद्रोह

darkness - अंधेरा, अन्धेरा

dense - घना

ignorance - अज्ञान, अविद्या, बेखबरी, नासमझी

inward - भीतरी, अन्दरूनी, भीतर की ओर

I was a discord in Gateshead Hall: I was like nobody there; I had nothing in harmony with Mrs. Reed or her children, or her chosen vassalage. If they did not love me, in fact, as little did I love them.

discord - फूट, अनबन

harmony - मधुर सम्बन्ध, तालमेल, समानता

vassalage - दासता, दासत्व

They were not bound to regard with affection a thing that could not sympathise with one amongst them; a heterogeneous thing, opposed to them in temperament, in capacity, in propensities; a useless thing, incapable of serving their interest, or adding to their pleasure; a noxious thing, cherishing the germs of indignation at their treatment, of contempt of their judgment.

bound - सीमित, सीमित करना, सीमित करना

sympathise - समर्थन करना, सहानुभूति रखना

heterogeneous - विजातीय

opposed - रोकना, मुकाबले पर रखना

temperament - स्वभाव

capacity - सामर्थ्य, क्षमता

propensities - प्रवृत्ति, झुकाव

incapable - अक्षम, अयोग्य, असमर्थ

noxious - हानिकारक

cherishing - मन में लाना/ध्यान करना, पालना

germs - आधार, अंकुर, जीवाणु, जीवाण्

indignation - रोष, क्रोध/रोष, नाराज़गी

contempt - निन्दनीय, तिरस्कार, अवमानना

judgment - विचार, जाँच, समझ, विवेक, अनुमान

I know that had I been a sanguine, brilliant, careless, exacting, handsome, romping child-though equally dependent and friendless-Mrs. Reed would have endured my presence more complacently; her children would have entertained for me more of the cordiality of fellow-feeling; the servants would have been less prone to make me the scapegoat of the nursery.

Sanguine - रक्तिम, आशावादी

handsome - ख़ूबसूरत

romping - शोरगुल मचाते हुए खेलना

friendless - मित्रहीन

endured - सहना, सहन करना, टिके रहना

complacently - आत्मटुष्टिपूर्वक

cordiality - सौहार्द, निष्कपटता

fellow - व्यक्ति

prone - औंधा, प्रवृत्त, झुका हुआ, अधोमुख

scapegoat - बकरा

Daylight began to forsake the red-room; it was past four o'clock, and the beclouded afternoon was tending to drear twilight. I heard the rain still beating continuously on the staircase window, and the wind howling in the grove behind the hall; I grew by degrees cold as a stone, and then my courage sank.

daylight - दिन, सुबह, दिन का प्रकाश

forsake - त्याग देना

continuously - लगातार

staircase - सीढ़ी, सोपान

howling - ज़बर्दस्त, भीषण, अद्भुत

grove - उपवन, बाग, झुरमुट, कुञ्ज

by degrees - क्रमशः

courage - साहस, हौसला, हिम्मत

My habitual mood of humiliation, self-doubt, forlorn depression, fell damp on the embers of my decaying ire. All said I was wicked, and perhaps I might be so; what thought had I been but just conceiving of starving myself to death? That certainly was a crime: and was I fit to die? Or was the vault under the chancel of Gateshead Church an inviting bourne? In such vault I had been told did Mr.

habitual - स्वाभाविक, हमेशा का, अभ्यस्त

humiliation - निरादर, अपमान

depression - मंदी

damp - कम करना, गीला, नमी, नम करना

embers - अंगार

decaying - खराब करना, ख़राब होना, विकार

ire - गुस्सा, क्रोध, नाराज़गी

conceiving - कल्पना करना, अनुमान होना

Starving - भूखा, (starve) भूखा

vault - मेहराबी छत

chancel - गिरजाघर का पूर्वी भाग

bourne - बॉर्न

Reed lie buried; and led by this thought to recall his idea, I dwelt on it with gathering dread. I could not remember him; but I knew that he was my own uncle-my mother's brother-that he had taken me when a parentless infant to his house; and that in his last moments he had required a promise of Mrs. Reed that she would rear and maintain me as one of her own children. Mrs.

recall - स्मरण, वापस लेना, वापस बुलाना

dwelt - विचार करना, निवास करना

dread - वहशत, सहम

parentless - having no parent

infant - शिशु

rear - पिछवाड़ा

maintain - भरण पोषण करना, मरम्मत करना

Reed probably considered she had kept this promise; and so she had, I dare say, as well as her nature would permit her; but how could she really like an interloper not of her race, and unconnected with her, after her husband's death, by any tie?

dare - साहस करना

permit - अनुमति देना

interloper - अजनबी, अनधिकार प्रवेश करने वाला

unconnected - असंगत, असंबद्ध, निःसंग

It must have been most irksome to find herself bound by a hard-wrung pledge to stand in the stead of a parent to a strange child she could not love, and to see an uncongenial alien permanently intruded on her own family group.

irksome - उबाऊ, कष्टप्रद, थकाऊ, दुःखद

wrung - ऐंठना, रूप बिगाड़ना, विकृत करना

pledge - वचन, वादा करना, वादा करना

stead - घर

uncongenial - अरुचिकर, अननुकूल

alien - अजनबी r=ajnabī

permanently - स्थायी रूप से

intruded - घुसना, हस्तक्षेप करना

A singular notion dawned upon me. I doubted not-never doubted-that if Mr.

singular - एकवचन

dawned - होना, निकलना, सामने आना

Reed had been alive he would have treated me kindly; and now, as I sat looking at the white bed and overshadowed walls-occasionally also turning a fascinated eye towards the dimly gleaning mirror-I began to recall what I had heard of dead men, troubled in their graves by the violation of their last wishes, revisiting the earth to punish the perjured and avenge the oppressed; and I thought Mr.

overshadowed - छाया करना, निष्प्रभ कर देना

Occasionally - कभीकभी

dimly - अस्पष्टतः, संदिग्धतः

gleaning - something learned by gleaning

graves - महत्त्वपूर्ण, महत्वपूर्ण, खोदना

violation - अपराध, उल्लंघन, अतिक्रमण

revisiting - दुबारा चर्चा करना

perjured - न्यायालय में झूट बोलने की प्रक्रिया

avenge - बदला लेना, दण्ड देना

oppressed - दमन करना, दमन करना

Reed's spirit, harassed by the wrongs of his sister's child, might quit its abode-whether in the church vault or in the unknown world of the departed-and rise before me in this chamber. I wiped my tears and hushed my sobs, fearful lest any sign of violent grief might waken a preternatural voice to comfort me, or elicit from the gloom some haloed face, bending over me with strange pity.

harassed - परेशान करना, तंग करना

abode - घर, गृह, मकान, (abide) घर

departed - से हटना, प्रस्ठान करना, छूटना

wiped - गिरना, हटाना, पौंछा लगाना

hushed - शान्ति, चुप करना, चुप करना

sobs - कमीना, सिसकते हुए कहना

fearful - भयावह, बुरा, डरपोक, डरा हुआ

grief - दुःख, शोक, ग़म, मातम

waken - उठाना, जगाना, जागना, जाग जाना

preternatural - अति प्राकृत, अतिप्राकृतिक

comfort - आराम

elicit - प्राप्त करना, निकालना

haloed - आभामण्डल

pity - दया, खैद का विषय, स्नेह, लज्जा

This idea, consolatory in theory, I felt would be terrible if realised: with all my might I endeavoured to stifle it-I endeavoured to be firm. Shaking my hair from my eyes, I lifted my head and tried to look boldly round the dark room; at this moment a light gleamed on the wall. Was it, I asked myself, a ray from the moon penetrating some aperture in the blind?

consolatory - सांत्वनाप्रद

realised - संपादित, सिद्ध

endeavoured - प्रयत्न, प्रयत्न करना

stifle - रोकना, दबा लेना

boldly - निडरतापूर्वक

dark room - डार्क रूम

gleamed - झलक, चमचमाना, चमकना, किरण

ray - किरण

aperture - छिद्र, छेद, छिद्र्

No; moonlight was still, and this stirred; while I gazed, it glided up to the ceiling and quivered over my head.

moonlight - चन्द्रिका, महताब

stirred - चलाना, उत्तेजित करना, मिलाना

gazed - एक्टक देखने ताला, टकटकी

glided - उतरना, निकल जाना

quivered - कंपन, तुणीर, झुरझुरी, तरकश, झपक

I can now conjecture readily that this streak of light was, in all likelihood, a gleam from a lantern carried by some one across the lawn: but then, prepared as my mind was for horror, shaken as my nerves were by agitation, I thought the swift darting beam was a herald of some coming vision from another world.

conjecture - अनुमान करना, अनुमान लगाना

readily - तरन्त ही, सरलता से, सरलता से

streak - वर्णरेखा, चमक, दौर, प्रवृत्ति

likelihood - संभावना

gleam - किरण डालना

lantern - लालटेन, फ़ानूस, फानूस

nerves - बल, नस, शक्ति, रोग, साहस

agitation - उत्तेजना, अकुला, आंदोलन, हिलाना

swift - द्रुतगामी, तुरन्त

darting - चुन्नट, (**), बर्छी, झपट्टा

beam - किरण

Herald - मुनादी करने वाला

My heart beat thick, my head grew hot; a sound filled my ears, which I deemed the rushing of wings; something seemed near me; I was oppressed, suffocated: endurance broke down; I rushed to the door and shook the lock in desperate effort. Steps came running along the outer passage; the key turned, Bessie and Abbot entered.

deemed - समझना, उचित, मानना

rushing - रश्सिंग, (rush) रश्सिंग

suffocated - दम घुटना, दमघोंटू होना

endurance - सहनशीलता, सहन, तितिक्षा

rushed - सोने की खानो के नए क्षेट्रों में प्रवास

passage - गलियारा

"Miss Eyre, are you ill?" said Bessie.

"What a dreadful noise! it went quite through me!" exclaimed Abbot.

exclaimed - चिल्लाना, चिल्लाकर कहना

"Take me out! Let me go into the nursery!" was my cry.

"What for? Are you hurt? Have you seen something?" again demanded Bessie.

demanded - दावा करना, मांग, चाह

"Oh! I saw a light, and I thought a ghost would come." I had now got hold of Bessie's hand, and she did not snatch it from me.

snatch - छीनना

"She has screamed out on purpose," declared Abbot, in some disgust. "And what a scream! If she had been in great pain one would have excused it, but she only wanted to bring us all here: I know her naughty tricks."

screamed - चीखना, चिल्लाना

disgust - गुस्सा, घृणा करना, घृणा

excused - मुक्ति, क्षमा योग्य, बहाना

"What is all this?" demanded another voice peremptorily; and Mrs. Reed came along the corridor, her cap flying wide, her gown rustling stormily. "Abbot and Bessie, I believe I gave orders that Jane Eyre should be left in the red-room till I came to her myself."

peremptorily - अलंघनीय रूप से

corridor - बरामदा, गलियारा

rustling - सरसराहट, पशु चोरी

stormily - तूफ़ान की तरह

"Miss Jane screamed so loud, ma'am," pleaded Bessie.

Ma - एम् एए, माँ, एम् एए

pleaded - वकालत करना, समर्थन में बोलना

"Let her go," was the only answer. "Loose Bessie's hand, child: you cannot succeed in getting out by these means, be assured. I abhor artifice, particularly in children; it is my duty to show you that tricks will not answer: you will now stay here an hour longer, and it is only on condition of perfect submission and stillness that I shall liberate you then."

loose - ढीला

assured - निश्चित

abhor - घृणा करना

artifice - चाल, तिकड़म, चाल चालाकी

submission - जमा करना, आत्मसमर्पण, समर्पण

stillness - पवनरहितता

liberate - मुक्त करना, आज़ाद करना

"O aunt! have pity! Forgive me! I cannot endure it-let me be punished some other way! I shall be killed if-"

forgive - माफ़ करना, क्षमा करना

"Silence! This violence is all most repulsive:" and so, no doubt, she felt it. I was a precocious actress in her eyes; she sincerely looked on me as a compound of virulent passions, mean spirit, and dangerous duplicity.

repulsive - विकर्षण, घिनौना, डरावना

sincerely - सचमुच, भवदीय, ईमनदारी से

compound - मिश्रण

virulent - तीखा, उग्र, विषाक्त, संक्रामक

duplicity - धोखा, कपट, छल कपट, छल, छल/कपट

Bessie and Abbot having retreated, Mrs. Reed, impatient of my now frantic anguish and wild sobs, abruptly thrust me back and locked me in, without farther parley. I heard her sweeping away; and soon after she was gone, I suppose I had a species of fit: unconsciousness closed the scene.

retreated - गिरना, पीछे हटना, भागना

impatient - उतसुक, बेचैन, उत्सुक, उतावला

anguish - वेदना

abruptly - अचानक, रूखेपन से, अचानक ही

parley - संधि वार्ता करना

sweeping - भारी, महत्त्वपूर्ण, व्यापक

species - प्रजाति, प्रकार, वर्ग, जाति

unconsciousness - बेखबरी, बेहोशी, मूर्च्छा


The next thing I remember is, waking up with a feeling as if I had had a frightful nightmare, and seeing before me a terrible red glare, crossed with thick black bars. I heard voices, too, speaking with a hollow sound, and as if muffled by a rush of wind or water: agitation, uncertainty, and an all-predominating sense of terror confused my faculties.

frightful - बहुत खराब, भयानक, बहुत खराब

nightmare - दुःस्वप्न, कुस्वप्न

glare - तरेरना

uncertainty - अस्थिरता, अनिश्चय, संदिग्धता

predominating - प्रबल, प्रधानता होना, हावी होना

faculties - शक्ति, संकाय, योग्यता, क्षमता

Ere long, I became aware that some one was handling me; lifting me up and supporting me in a sitting posture, and that more tenderly than I had ever been raised or upheld before. I rested my head against a pillow or an arm, and felt easy.

handling - चलाना, उठाना धरना, प्रबंधन

posture - मुद्रा, रूख, दिखावा करना

tenderly - प्रेम से, कोमलता से

upheld - परिपुष्ट करना, समर्थन करना

pillow - सिरहाना, शिरोपधान

In five minutes more the cloud of bewilderment dissolved: I knew quite well that I was in my own bed, and that the red glare was the nursery fire. It was night: a candle burnt on the table; Bessie stood at the bed-foot with a basin in her hand, and a gentleman sat in a chair near my pillow, leaning over me.

bewilderment - घबराहट

Dissolved - घुलना, भंग करना, भंग करना

candle - मोमबत्ती, शमा

basin - नदी की घाटी, चिलमची

leaning - प्रवृत्ति, झुकाव

I felt an inexpressible relief, a soothing conviction of protection and security, when I knew that there was a stranger in the room, an individual not belonging to Gateshead, and not related to Mrs. Reed. Turning from Bessie (though her presence was far less obnoxious to me than that of Abbot, for instance, would have been), I scrutinised the face of the gentleman: I knew him; it was Mr.

inexpressible - अकथनीय, अवर्णनीय

relief - राहत

soothing - आरामदेह

conviction - अपराध सिद्धि, दोषसिद्धि

protection - संरक्षण, हिमायत, हिफ़ाज़त

obnoxious - घृणित, अप्रिय, ठेस पहुचने वाला

instance - घटना, अवसर, वारदात, उदाहरण

scrutinised - बारीकी से देखना

Lloyd, an apothecary, sometimes called in by Mrs. Reed when the servants were ailing: for herself and the children she employed a physician.

apothecary - औषधकार, eastern medicine doctor

ailing - रुग्न, अस्वस्थ, बीमार

physician - डाक्टर, डॉक्टर, वैद्य, चिकित्सक

"Well, who am I?" he asked.

I pronounced his name, offering him at the same time my hand: he took it, smiling and saying, "We shall do very well by-and-by." Then he laid me down, and addressing Bessie, charged her to be very careful that I was not disturbed during the night.

offering - बलि, भेंट, अर्पित

Having given some further directions, and intimates that he should call again the next day, he departed; to my grief: I felt so sheltered and befriended while he sat in the chair near my pillow; and as he closed the door after him, all the room darkened and my heart again sank: inexpressible sadness weighed it down.

intimates - बताना, घनिष्ठ, आत्मीय, सुपरिचित

sheltered - सहायता करना, आश्रय, शरण, बचाना

befriended - दोस्ती करना

darkened - अँधेरा होना[करना], गहराना

sadness - दुःख, ग़म, उदासी

"Do you feel as if you should sleep, Miss?" asked Bessie, rather softly.

softly - हल्का सा, सादे ढंग से

Scarcely dared I answer her; for I feared the next sentence might be rough. "I will try."

"Would you like to drink, or could you eat anything?"

"No, thank you, Bessie."

"Then I think I shall go to bed, for it is past twelve o'clock; but you may call me if you want anything in the night."

Wonderful civility this! It emboldened me to ask a question.

civility - नम्रता, शिष्टता, सभ्यता

emboldened - साहस देना

"Bessie, what is the matter with me? Am I ill?"

"You fell sick, I suppose, in the red-room with crying; you'll be better soon, no doubt."

Bessie went into the housemaid's apartment, which was near. I heard her say-

housemaid - नौकरानी

"Sarah, come and sleep with me in the nursery; I daren't for my life be alone with that poor child to-night: she might die; it's such a strange thing she should have that fit: I wonder if she saw anything. Missis was rather too hard."

Sarah came back with her; they both went to bed; they were whispering together for half-an-hour before they fell asleep. I caught scraps of their conversation, from which I was able only too distinctly to infer the main subject discussed.

whispering - कानाफूसी, सरसराहट, फुसफुसाहट

scraps - झगड़ा, निकाल देना, रद्दी

distinctly - in a distinct manner

infer - अनुमान करना, अनुमान लगाना

main subject - मुख्य विषय

"Something passed her, all dressed in white, and vanished"-"A great black dog behind him"-"Three loud raps on the chamber door"-"A light in the churchyard just over his grave," etc., etc.

vanished - ओझल हो जाना, समाप्त हो जाना

raps - रैप संगीत बजाना, चटाक् से मारना

grave - कब्र

At last both slept: the fire and the candle went out. For me, the watches of that long night passed in ghastly wakefulness; strained by dread: such dread as children only can feel.

wakefulness - जागरूकता, अनिद्रा

strained - थकाना, गाना, मोच

No severe or prolonged bodily illness followed this incident of the red-room; it only gave my nerves a shock of which I feel the reverberation to this day. Yes, Mrs. Reed, to you I owe some fearful pangs of mental suffering, but I ought to forgive you, for you knew not what you did: while rending my heart-strings, you thought you were only uprooting my bad propensities.

severe - भारी, सरल, कठोर, तीखा, तीव्र

prolonged - लम्बा या दीर्घ करना, बढा देना

bodily - शारीरिक

incident - घटना

shock - सदमा

reverberation - गूँज, प्रतिध्वनि

pangs - दर्द, टीस, पीड़ा

mental suffering - मानसिक दुःख

rending - चिल्लाना, चिरना, छीनना

uprooting - अवरोपण, (uproot)

Next day, by noon, I was up and dressed, and sat wrapped in a shawl by the nursery hearth. I felt physically weak and broken down: but my worse ailment was an unutterable wretchedness of mind: a wretchedness which kept drawing from me silent tears; no sooner had I wiped one salt drop from my cheek than another followed.

wrapped - समाप्त करना, गाउन, लपेटना

shawl - शाल

physically - शारीरिक रुप से

ailment - बीमारी

unutterable - अनिर्वचनीय, अकथनीय, अकथ्य

wretchedness - दुर्दशा, भाग्यहीनता, दयनीयता

cheek - गाल

Yet, I thought, I ought to have been happy, for none of the Reeds were there, they were all gone out in the carriage with their mama. Abbot, too, was sewing in another room, and Bessie, as she moved hither and thither, putting away toys and arranging drawers, addressed to me every now and then a word of unwonted kindness.

reeds - बाँसुरी, कंपिका, नरकट, सरकंडा

sewing - सिलाई, (sew)

thither - उधर

putting away - स्थापित करना

drawers - चित्रकार, आदेशक, चैक कर्ता

unwonted - अनभ्यस्त, असामान्य, अरीतिक

kindness - दया, मेहरबानी, दयालुता

This state of things should have been to me a paradise of peace, accustomed as I was to a life of ceaseless reprimand and thankless fagging; but, in fact, my racked nerves were now in such a state that no calm could soothe, and no pleasure excite them agreeably.

paradise - वैकुण्ठ, स्वर्ग

reprimand - दंड देना

thankless - व्यर्थ, अनुपादेय, कृतघ्न

fagging - फैजिंग, (fag) फैजिंग

racked - होना, ऐंठना, यातना चक्र

soothe - कम करना, शांत करना, शान्त करना

agreeably - सहमति से, सुखद ढंग से

Bessie had been down into the kitchen, and she brought up with her a tart on a certain brightly painted china plate, whose bird of paradise, nestling in a wreath of convolvuli and rosebuds, had been wont to stir in me a most enthusiastic sense of admiration; and which plate I had often petitioned to be allowed to take in my hand in order to examine it more closely, but had always hitherto been deemed unworthy of such a privilege. This precious vessel was now placed on my knee, and I was cordially invited to eat the circlet of delicate pastry upon it. Vain favour! coming, like most other favours long deferred and often wished for, too late! I could not eat the tart; and the plumage of the bird, the tints of the flowers, seemed strangely faded: I put both plate and tart away. Bessie asked if I would have a book: the word book acted as a transient stimulus, and I begged her to fetch Gulliver's Travels from the library. This book I had again and again perused with delight. I considered it a narrative of facts, and discovered in it a vein of interest deeper than what I found in fairy tales: for as to the elves, having sought them in vain among foxglove leaves and bells, under mushrooms and beneath the ground-ivy mantling old wall-nooks, I had at length made up my mind to the sad truth, that they were all gone out of England to some savage country where the woods were wilder and thicker, and the population more scant; whereas, Lilliput and Brobdignag being, in my creed, solid parts of the earth's surface, I doubted not that I might one day, by taking a long voyage, see with my own eyes the little fields, houses, and trees, the diminutive people, the tiny cows, sheep, and birds of the one realm; and the corn-fields forest-high, the mighty mastiffs, the monster cats, the tower-like men and women, of the other. Yet, when this cherished volume was now placed in my hand-when I turned over its leaves, and sought in its marvellous pictures the charm I had, till now, never failed to find-all was eerie and dreary; the giants were gaunt goblins, the pigmies malevolent and fearful imps, Gulliver a most desolate wanderer in most dread and dangerous regions. I closed the book, which I dared no longer peruse, and put it on the table, beside the untasted tart.

tart - खट्टा

brightly - उल्लसित हो कर, उल्लसित हो कर

nestling - बच्चा, पक्षी का नवजात बच्चा

wreath - घेरना, छल्ला, पुष्पहार

rosebuds - गुलाब की कली, गुलाब की कली

wont - अभ्यस्त, स्वभाव, अभ्यास, आदत

enthusiastic - उत्साहपूर्ण, उत्साही

admiration - तारीफ़, सफत, उपमा

petitioned - आवेदन पट्रअ, याचिका

closely - ध्यानपूर्वक, घनिष्ठ रूप से

hitherto - अब तक, अभी तक

unworthy - कुपात्र, अनुचित, अनधिकारी

privilege - सौभाग्य, सुविधा, विशेषाधिकार

precious - क़ीमती, प्यारा

vessel - जहाज़

circlet - a small circle

pastry - पेस्ट्री, मिष्टान्न, समोसा

vain - व्यर्थ, अहंकारी, खोखला, असार

deferred - स्वीकार करना, टालना, झुक जाना

plumage - पंख, पक्षति

tints - , हलका रंग, खिजाब, रंगत

faded - सनक

transient - अस्थिर, क्षणिक, चलायमान, अनित्य

begged - विनती करना, प्रार्थना करना

perused - ध्यान से पढ़ना, अनुशीलन करना

vein - शिरा

elves - परी, जादुई बौना, अप्सरा

sought - कोशिश करना, की कोशिश करना

foxglove - फूलोंवाला पौधा

mushrooms - तेज़ी से बढ़ना, तेज़ी से फैलना

beneath - नीचे की और, के योग्य, के नीचे

ivy - विद्वत्तापूर्ण मानक

mantling - heraldry: drapery behind and around a coat of arms

nooks - कोना

savage - असभ्य, दुष्ट, तीव्र, काटना

scant - थोड़ा, अपर्याप्त, कुछ कम

whereas - जबकि, चूँकि, क्योंकि[प्रतिकूलता]

Lilliput - लिलीपुट

earth's surface - पृथ्वी की सतह

diminutive - छोटा, अल्पार्थी, छोटा सा

realm - क्षेत्र, राज्य

corn - मकई का दाना

mighty - शक्तिशाली, बहुत, प्रबल, तेजस्वी

mastiffs - मैस्टिफ़

monster - राक्षस, देव, दैत्य, दानव

cherished - मन में लाना/ध्यान करना, पालना

marvellous - शानदार, चमत्कार, आश्चर्यजनक

charm - सुंदरता

till now - अब तक

eerie - भयानक, डरावनी

gaunt - भूखा रहकर दुबला होना

goblins - प्रेत, शैतान बौना, शैतान बौना

pigmies - पिग्मी, बौना

malevolent - द्वेषपूर्ण, द्वेषी, अहितेच्छा

imps - शैतान बौना, शैतान बौना

Gulliver - गलीवेर

wanderer - रमता जोगी, रमता जोगी, घुमक्कड़

untasted - अनछुआ, अननुभूत

Bessie had now finished dusting and tidying the room, and having washed her hands, she opened a certain little drawer, full of splendid shreds of silk and satin, and began making a new bonnet for Georgiana's doll. Meantime she sang: her song was-

splendid - शानदार

shreds - कतरना, कतरन, लेशमात्र

satin - चिकना, साटन जैसा, साटन

bonnet - बोनट

doll - गुड़िया

meantime - इस बीच, इस बीच, इसी बीच

"In the days when we went gipsying,

gipsying - जिप्सी, खानाबदोश, बंजारा

A long time ago."

I had often heard the song before, and always with lively delight; for Bessie had a sweet voice,-at least, I thought so. But now, though her voice was still sweet, I found in its melody an indescribable sadness. Sometimes, preoccupied with her work, she sang the refrain very low, very lingeringly; "A long time ago" came out like the saddest cadence of a funeral hymn.

lively - फुर्तीला, सक्रिय, प्रफुल्ल

melody - राग, लय, तराना, धुन

indescribable - अनिर्वचनीय, अवर्णनीय

preoccupied - चिंतामग्न किये रहना

refrain - राग में दोहराने के शब्द

lingeringly - देर तक

cadence - लय, कैडेन्स, लय ताल, लहज़ा

funeral - क्रियाकर्म, अंत्येष्टि, जनाज़ा

hymn - भजन, स्तोत्र

She passed into another ballad, this time a really doleful one.

ballad - गाथागीत

doleful - खिन्न

"My feet they are sore, and my limbs they are weary;

sore - दुखता, दर्द भरा

weary - थकाना, उकता देना, उबाऊ

Long is the way, and the mountains are wild;

Soon will the twilight close moonless and dreary

moonless - during which the Moon is not visible

Over the path of the poor orphan child.

orphan - अनाथ, यतीम, लावारिस

Why did they send me so far and so lonely,

Up where the moors spread and grey rocks are piled?

Men are hard-hearted, and kind angels only

angels - सुन्दर, देवदूत, पटी, परि

Watch o'er the steps of a poor orphan child.

er - हिचकिचाहट

Yet distant and soft the night breeze is blowing,

breeze - मन्द समीर

Clouds there are none, and clear stars beam mild,

God, in His mercy, protection is showing,

mercy - दया, करुणा

Comfort and hope to the poor orphan child.

Ev'n should I fall o'er the broken bridge passing,

ev - ईवी

Or stray in the marshes, by false lights beguiled,

stray - भ्रमण करना, विषय से हट जाना

marshes - दलदल, दल दल

beguiled - खुशी से समय बिताना

Still will my Father, with promise and blessing,

blessing - आशीर्वाद, (bless)

Take to His bosom the poor orphan child.

bosom - मन में रखना, छाती

There is a thought that for strength should avail me,

Though both of shelter and kindred despoiled;

shelter - शरण, पनाह

kindred - रिश्तेदार, सदृश, सजातीय, संबंधित

despoiled - लुटा हुआ, लुटा हुआ

Heaven is a home, and a rest will not fail me;

Heaven - आकाश

God is a friend to the poor orphan child."

"Come, Miss Jane, don't cry," said Bessie as she finished. She might as well have said to the fire, "don't burn!" but how could she divine the morbid suffering to which I was a prey? In the course of the morning Mr. Lloyd came again.

don't cry - रोना मत

divine - ईश्वरीय, स्वर्गीय, पवित्र

morbid - रुग्ण, रोगजन्य, रोगग्रस्त

prey - शिकार, शिकार करना

"What, already up!" said he, as he entered the nursery. "Well, nurse, how is she?"

Bessie answered that I was doing very well.

"Then she ought to look more cheerful. Come here, Miss Jane: your name is Jane, is it not?"

more cheerful - आनंददायक

"Yes, sir, Jane Eyre."

"Well, you have been crying, Miss Jane Eyre; can you tell me what about? Have you any pain?"

"No, sir."

"Oh! I daresay she is crying because she could not go out with Missis in the carriage," interposed Bessie.

daresay - कह सकते हैं

interposed - बीच में टोकना, घुसाना

"Surely not! why, she is too old for such pettishness."

pettishness - अत्यधिक अविरोधीता

I thought so too; and my self-esteem being wounded by the false charge, I answered promptly, "I never cried for such a thing in my life: I hate going out in the carriage. I cry because I am miserable."

esteem - सम्मान करना, आदर, आदर/सम्मान

wounded - घाव, चोट, ज़ख़्मी करना, आघात

promptly - तुरंत, जल्दी, फुर्ती से, समय पर

miserable - दुःखी, उदास

"Oh fie, Miss!" said Bessie.

Fie - छी

The good apothecary appeared a little puzzled. I was standing before him; he fixed his eyes on me very steadily: his eyes were small and grey; not very bright, but I dare say I should think them shrewd now: he had a hard-featured yet good-natured looking face. Having considered me at leisure, he said-

puzzled - समस्या, हैरान करना, पहेली

steadily - निरंतर, स्थिरतापूर्वक

shrewd - समझदार, धूर्त, चतुर

good-natured - (good-natured) अच्छे स्वभाव

"What made you ill yesterday?"

"She had a fall," said Bessie, again putting in her word.

"Fall! why, that is like a baby again! Can't she manage to walk at her age? She must be eight or nine years old."

"I was knocked down," was the blunt explanation, jerked out of me by another pang of mortified pride; "but that did not make me ill," I added; while Mr. Lloyd helped himself to a pinch of snuff.

blunt - कुंद

jerked - झटकना, झटका, मूर्ख

pang - तेज पीड़ा

mortified - नीचा दिखाना, शर्मिंदा करना

pride - आरोह, ऊंचाई, ऐंठ

pinch - काटना, चुराना, चिकोटी काटना

snuff - सुड़क, सुंघनी

As he was returning the box to his waistcoat pocket, a loud bell rang for the servants'dinner; he knew what it was. "That's for you, nurse," said he; "you can go down; I'll give Miss Jane a lecture till you come back."

waistcoat - वास्कट

Bessie would rather have stayed, but she was obliged to go, because punctuality at meals was rigidly enforced at Gateshead Hall.

obliged - नैतिक नियमों से मज़बूर करना

punctuality - समय की पाबंदी, समय की पाबंदी

rigidly - कड़ेपन के साथ, कठोरतापूर्वक

enforced - लागू करना, लागू करना

"The fall did not make you ill; what did, then?" pursued Mr. Lloyd when Bessie was gone.

pursued - पाने की कोशिश करना, लगे रहना

"I was shut up in a room where there is a ghost till after dark."

I saw Mr. Lloyd smile and frown at the same time.

frown - त्यौरी चढा़ना

"Ghost! What, you are a baby after all! You are afraid of ghosts?"

"Of Mr. Reed's ghost I am: he died in that room, and was laid out there. Neither Bessie nor any one else will go into it at night, if they can help it; and it was cruel to shut me up alone without a candle,-so cruel that I think I shall never forget it."

"Nonsense! And is it that makes you so miserable? Are you afraid now in daylight?"

nonsense - बकवास

"No: but night will come again before long: and besides,-I am unhappy,-very unhappy, for other things."

"What other things? Can you tell me some of them?"

How much I wished to reply fully to this question! How difficult it was to frame any answer! Children can feel, but they cannot analyse their feelings; and if the analysis is partially effected in thought, they know not how to express the result of the process in words.

fully - पूरी तरह

partially - आधो-आध r=ādho-ādh

Fearful, however, of losing this first and only opportunity of relieving my grief by imparting it, I, after a disturbed pause, contrived to frame a meagre, though, as far as it went, true response.

relieving - कम करना, सहायता करना, उठाना

imparting - बताना, प्रदान करना

pause - रुकना, ठहरना

contrived - बनाना, कोशिश करना, उपाय निकालना

meagre - कम, दुबला

"For one thing, I have no father or mother, brothers or sisters."

"You have a kind aunt and cousins."

Again I paused; then bunglingly enounced-

"But John Reed knocked me down, and my aunt shut me up in the red-room."

Mr. Lloyd a second time produced his snuff-box.

"Don't you think Gateshead Hall a very beautiful house?" asked he. "Are you not very thankful to have such a fine place to live at?"

"It is not my house, sir; and Abbot says I have less right to be here than a servant."

"Pooh! you can't be silly enough to wish to leave such a splendid place?"

Pooh - ओफ/ओह, छी

"If I had anywhere else to go, I should be glad to leave it; but I can never get away from Gateshead till I am a woman."

"Perhaps you may-who knows? Have you any relations besides Mrs. Reed?"

"I think not, sir."

"None belonging to your father?"

"I don't know. I asked Aunt Reed once, and she said possibly I might have some poor, low relations called Eyre, but she knew nothing about them."

"If you had such, would you like to go to them?"

I reflected. Poverty looks grim to grown people; still more so to children: they have not much idea of industrious, working, respectable poverty; they think of the word only as connected with ragged clothes, scanty food, fireless grates, rude manners, and debasing vices: poverty for me was synonymous with degradation.

grim - भयानक

industrious - परिश्रमी, मेहनती

respectable - प्रणम्य, नमनीय, आदरणीय

ragged - विषम, अपरिष्कृत, क्लांत, फटीचर

scanty - छोटा, अल्प, विरल, अपर्याप्त

fireless - अग्निहीन

grates - सेंत मेत, निःशुल्क

debasing - भ्रष्ट करना, भ्रष्ट करना

vices - अवगुण, दुराचार, शिकंजा

synonymous - पर्यायवाची, समानार्थी

degradation - अधोगति, दुर्दशा, बदनामी

"No; I should not like to belong to poor people," was my reply.

"Not even if they were kind to you?"

I shook my head: I could not see how poor people had the means of being kind; and then to learn to speak like them, to adopt their manners, to be uneducated, to grow up like one of the poor women I saw sometimes nursing their children or washing their clothes at the cottage doors of the village of Gateshead: no, I was not heroic enough to purchase liberty at the price of caste.

adopt - स्वीकार करना, चुनना, मानना

uneducated - अशिक्षित, निम्न स्तर का

heroic - वीरतापूर्ण, द्विपदी

liberty - आज़ादी

caste - वर्ण, जाति, जात, वर्णाश्रम

"But are your relatives so very poor? Are they working people?"

"I cannot tell; Aunt Reed says if I have any, they must be a beggarly set: I should not like to go a begging."

beggarly - भीख की तरह, भिखाषियों के समान

begging - भिखारी, (beg) भिखारी

"Would you like to go to school?"

Again I reflected: I scarcely knew what school was: Bessie sometimes spoke of it as a place where young ladies sat in the stocks, wore backboards, and were expected to be exceedingly genteel and precise: John Reed hated his school, and abused his master; but John Reed's tastes were no rule for mine, and if Bessie's accounts of school-discipline (gathered from the young ladies of a family where she had lived before coming to Gateshead) were somewhat appalling, her details of certain accomplishments attained by these same young ladies were, I thought, equally attractive. She boasted of beautiful paintings of landscapes and flowers by them executed; of songs they could sing and pieces they could play, of purses they could net, of French books they could translate; till my spirit was moved to emulation as I listened. Besides, school would be a complete change: it implied a long journey, an entire separation from Gateshead, an entrance into a new life.

stocks - प्रतिष्ठा, लगाना, नाम, रखना

exceedingly - अत्यन्त, बहुत सा

genteel - उबाऊ, नम्र, बनावटी

precise - ठीक, स्पष्ट, नियत, निश्चित

abused - गाली, दुर्व्यवहार, बरबाद करना

discipline - अनुशासन

appalling - घटिया, भयंकर, (appal) घटिया

accomplishments - समापन, कार्यसिद्धि, कौशल

attained - पाना, प्राप्त करना, सिद्ध करना

boasted - डींग मारना, डींग, गौरव, इतराना

paintings - चित्र, चित्रकारी, चित्रकला

landscapes - प्राकृतिक दृश्य, रूचिकर बनाना

executed - पूरा करना, कार्यान्वित करना

purses - बटुआ, सिकोड़ना, इनाम की राशि

emulation - बराबरी की चेष्टा

implied - समझना, सूचित करना, सूचित करना

entire - कुल, पूरा, संपूर्ण, सम्पूर्ण

"I should indeed like to go to school," was the audible conclusion of my musings.

audible - कर्णगोचर, श्रव्य

musings - विचारमग्न

"Well, well! who knows what may happen?" said Mr. Lloyd, as he got up. "The child ought to have change of air and scene," he added, speaking to himself; "nerves not in a good state."

Bessie now returned; at the same moment the carriage was heard rolling up the gravel-walk.

rolling up - उठाना

gravel-walk - (gravel-walk) ग्रेवल वॉक

"Is that your mistress, nurse?" asked Mr. Lloyd. "I should like to speak to her before I go."

Mistress - प्रेमिका

Bessie invited him to walk into the breakfast-room, and led the way out. In the interview which followed between him and Mrs.

Reed, I presume, from after-occurrences, that the apothecary ventured to recommend my being sent to school; and the recommendation was no doubt readily enough adopted; for as Abbot said, in discussing the subject with Bessie when both sat sewing in the nursery one night, after I was in bed, and, as they thought, asleep, "Missis was, she dared say, glad enough to get rid of such a tiresome, ill-conditioned child, who always looked as if she were watching everybody, and scheming plots underhand." Abbot, I think, gave me credit for being a sort of infantine Guy Fawkes.

presume - मान लेना, चुनौती देना

occurrences - घटना, उपस्थिति

ventured - जाने का साहस करना

adopted - स्वीकार करना, चुनना, मानना

rid - मुक्त करा

scheming - धूर्त

On that same occasion I learned, for the first time, from Miss Abbot's communications to Bessie, that my father had been a poor clergyman; that my mother had married him against the wishes of her friends, who considered the match beneath her; that my grandfather Reed was so irritated at her disobedience, he cut her off without a shilling; that after my mother and father had been married a year, the latter caught the typhus fever while visiting among the poor of a large manufacturing town where his curacy was situated, and where that disease was then prevalent: that my mother took the infection from him, and both died within a month of each other.

clergyman - पुजार

irritated - परेशान करना, उत्तेजित करना

disobedience - अवज्ञा

shilling - 1971 तक ब्रिटेन में प्रचलित एक सिक्का, (shill) 1971 तक ब्रिटेन में प्रचलित एक सिक्का

latter - अनुवर्ती, दूसरा

typhus - टाइफ़स

fever - बुख़ार, ज्वर

manufacturing - निर्माण, उत्पादन

curacy - पादरी सहायक पद

situated - रखना, जमा कर रखना, स्थित होना

prevalent - प्रचलित, व्याप्त

infection - संक्रमण

Bessie, when she heard this narrative, sighed and said, "Poor Miss Jane is to be pitied, too, Abbot."

sighed - साँस लेना, तरसना, आह भरना

pitied - दया, खैद का विषय, स्नेह, लज्जा

"Yes," responded Abbot; "if she were a nice, pretty child, one might compassionate her forlornness; but one really cannot care for such a little toad as that."

compassionate - दयालु, करुणामय

forlornness - अनाथता

toad - भेक

"Not a great deal, to be sure," agreed Bessie: "at any rate, a beauty like Miss Georgiana would be more moving in the same condition."

"Yes, I doat on Miss Georgiana!" cried the fervent Abbot. "Little darling!-with her long curls and her blue eyes, and such a sweet colour as she has; just as if she were painted!-Bessie, I could fancy a Welsh rabbit for supper."

doat - दोट

fervent - उत्कट, उत्सुकता भरी

Welsh - धोखा देना, वेल्सवासी, वेल्श

rabbit - खरगोश

supper - रात्रि भोजन

"So could I-with a roast onion. Come, we'll go down." They went.

roast - भूनना, हँसी उड़ाना, सुखाना


From my discourse with Mr. Lloyd, and from the above reported conference between Bessie and Abbot, I gathered enough of hope to suffice as a motive for wishing to get well: a change seemed near,-I desired and waited it in silence. It tarried, however: days and weeks passed: I had regained my normal state of health, but no new allusion was made to the subject over which I brooded. Mrs.

discourse - उपदेश, चर्चा, भाषण देना, प्रवचन

suffice - काफ़ी होना, पूरा पड़ना

motive - प्रेरक, प्रयोजन, उद्देश्य, कारण

desired - इच्छा, चाहना, तृष्णा

tarried - रुका रहना, ठहरना, कोलतारी

regained - पुनः प्राप्त करना

allusion - संकेत, उल्लेख

brooded - चिंतित हो कर सोचता रहना

Reed surveyed me at times with a severe eye, but seldom addressed me: since my illness, she had drawn a more marked line of separation than ever between me and her own children; appointing me a small closet to sleep in by myself, condemning me to take my meals alone, and pass all my time in the nursery, while my cousins were constantly in the drawing-room.

appointing - बनाना, नियुक्त करना

closet - अलमैराह

condemning - घोषित करना, दोष लगाना

constantly - लगातार, सदा

Not a hint, however, did she drop about sending me to school: still I felt an instinctive certainty that she would not long endure me under the same roof with her; for her glance, now more than ever, when turned on me, expressed an insuperable and rooted aversion.

hint - झलक, संकेत, सुझाव, इशारा

instinctive - सहज, स्वाभाविक

certainty - यक़ीन, निश्चय

insuperable - अजेय, दुस्तर, अविजेय

rooted - धातु, खोदना, मूल, उत्साहित करना

Eliza and Georgiana, evidently acting according to orders, spoke to me as little as possible: John thrust his tongue in his cheek whenever he saw me, and once attempted chastisement; but as I instantly turned against him, roused by the same sentiment of deep ire and desperate revolt which had stirred my corruption before, he thought it better to desist, and ran from me tittering execrations, and vowing I had burst his nose. I had indeed levelled at that prominent feature as hard a blow as my knuckles could inflict; and when I saw that either that or my look daunted him, I had the greatest inclination to follow up my advantage to purpose; but he was already with his mama. I heard him in a blubbering tone commence the tale of how "that nasty Jane Eyre" had flown at him like a mad cat: he was stopped rather harshly-

evidently - स्पष्ट रूप से, स्पष्ट रूप से

attempted - प्रयास, प्रयत्न, कोशिश करना

chastisement - The act of chastising

roused - उत्तेजित करना, उत्तेजित, उठाना

revolt - विद्रोह करना, विरोध, विद्रोह

corruption - भ्रष्टाचार

desist - परहेज करना, रोक लगाना

tittering - टिटरना, (titter) टिटरना

execrations - घृणा, नफ़रत, जुगुप्सा

vowing - प्रतिज्ञा, वादा, प्रतिज्ञा करना

burst - फूटना

knuckles - उँगली की गाँठ, टखने का गोश्त

inflict - डालना, पहुँचाना, दंड देना

daunted - धमकाना, भयभीत करना

inclination - रुचि, झुकाव, शौक, ढाल, पसंद

blubbering - तिमिवसा, बिलखना

tone - तान

commence - शुरू करना, शुरू करना

nasty - मैला, भारी, कठोर, ज़बरदस्त

harshly - कठोरता से, निष्ठुरतासे

"Don't talk to me about her, John: I told you not to go near her; she is not worthy of notice; I do not choose that either you or your sisters should associate with her."

worthy - योग्य, ईमानदार, उपयुक्त, लायक

associate - मिलना, मिलाना, सहयोगी

Here, leaning over the banister, I cried out suddenly, and without at all deliberating on my words-

banister - जंगला

deliberating - विचार करना, ध्यानपूर्वक, सावधान

"They are not fit to associate with me."

Mrs. Reed was rather a stout woman; but, on hearing this strange and audacious declaration, she ran nimbly up the stair, swept me like a whirlwind into the nursery, and crushing me down on the edge of my crib, dared me in an emphatic voice to rise from that place, or utter one syllable during the remainder of the day.

audacious - निडर, दुःसाहसी, गुस्ताख़

declaration - वचन, घोषणा, घोषण पत्र, ब्यौरा

nimbly - फ़ुर्ती से, फ़ुर्ती से

swept - फैलना, आसानी से चड़ना, घुमाव

whirlwind - बवंडर, चक्रवात

crib - क्रिबिज, यीशु की जन्म झाँकी

emphatic - सुस्पष्ट, सुनिश्चित, ज़ोरदार

utter - पूर्ण

syllable - शब्दांश, अक्षर

remainder - बाक़ी, बाकी

"What would Uncle Reed say to you, if he were alive?" was my scarcely voluntary demand. I say scarcely voluntary, for it seemed as if my tongue pronounced words without my will consenting to their utterance: something spoke out of me over which I had no control.

voluntary - स्वैच्छिक, स्वयंसेवी, अवैतनिक

demand - माँग

consenting - स्वीकृति, सहमति, अनुमति देना

utterance - अभिव्यक्ति, कथन, उच्चारण/बातचीत

"What?" said Mrs. Reed under her breath: her usually cold composed grey eye became troubled with a look like fear; she took her hand from my arm, and gazed at me as if she really did not know whether I were child or fiend. I was now in for it.

composed - showing composure

"My Uncle Reed is in heaven, and can see all you do and think; and so can papa and mama: they know how you shut me up all day long, and how you wish me dead."

papa - पिता, पापा

Mrs. Reed soon rallied her spirits: she shook me most soundly, she boxed both my ears, and then left me without a word. Bessie supplied the hiatus by a homily of an hour's length, in which she proved beyond a doubt that I was the most wicked and abandoned child ever reared under a roof. I half believed her; for I felt indeed only bad feelings surging in my breast.

rallied - सुधार, रैली

soundly - अच्छी तरह, मजबूत ढंग से

hiatus - अंतराल, अन्तराल, क्रमभंग

homily - उपदेश, धर्म उपदेश

beyond - के बाद, आगे, के अलावा

abandoned - रोक देना, खाली करना, रोक देना

reared - पीछे का भाग, उठाना, पिछला

surging - प्रेरणा, (surge) प्रेरणा

breast - स्तन

November, December, and half of January passed away. Christmas and the New Year had been celebrated at Gateshead with the usual festive cheer; presents had been interchanged, dinners and evening parties given.

Christmas - क्रिसमस, क्रिस्मस, बड़ा दिन

festive - उत्सव क्, उल्लासमय, उत्सवी

cheer - हर्ष

interchanged - बदल देना, इंटरचेंज

From every enjoyment I was, of course, excluded: my share of the gaiety consisted in witnessing the daily apparelling of Eliza and Georgiana, and seeing them descend to the drawing-room, dressed out in thin muslin frocks and scarlet sashes, with hair elaborately ringletted; and afterwards, in listening to the sound of the piano or the harp played below, to the passing to and fro of the butler and footman, to the jingling of glass and china as refreshments were handed, to the broken hum of conversation as the drawing-room door opened and closed. When tired of this occupation, I would retire from the stairhead to the solitary and silent nursery: there, though somewhat sad, I was not miserable. To speak truth, I had not the least wish to go into company, for in company I was very rarely noticed; and if Bessie had but been kind and companionable, I should have deemed it a treat to spend the evenings quietly with her, instead of passing them under the formidable eye of Mrs. Reed, in a room full of ladies and gentlemen. But Bessie, as soon as she had dressed her young ladies, used to take herself off to the lively regions of the kitchen and housekeeper's room, generally bearing the candle along with her. I then sat with my doll on my knee till the fire got low, glancing round occasionally to make sure that nothing worse than myself haunted the shadowy room; and when the embers sank to a dull red, I undressed hastily, tugging at knots and strings as I best might, and sought shelter from cold and darkness in my crib. To this crib I always took my doll; human beings must love something, and, in the dearth of worthier objects of affection, I contrived to find a pleasure in loving and cherishing a faded graven image, shabby as a miniature scarecrow. It puzzles me now to remember with what absurd sincerity I doated on this little toy, half fancying it alive and capable of sensation. I could not sleep unless it was folded in my night-gown; and when it lay there safe and warm, I was comparatively happy, believing it to be happy likewise.

enjoyment - मज़ा, आनंद

excluded - निकालना, छोड़ना, छोड़ देना

gaiety - हर्षोल्लास का वातावरण, प्रसन्नता

witnessing - करना, गवाह, प्रमाण, गवाह होना

apparelling - वस्त्र पोषण, (apparel) वस्त्र पोषण

descend - उतरना

muslin - मलमल

frocks - अंगरखा, फ़्रक, फ्रॉक

sashes - कमरपेटी, गज़, दुपट्टा/कमरबन्द

elaborately - सुपरिष्कृत रूप से

afterwards - बाद में, बाद में

harp - वीणा

butler - ख़ानसामा, ख़ानसामाँ

footman - नौकर, वर्दीधारी सेवक

jingling - खनखनाना, खनखनाहट, खनकाना, खनक

refreshments - ताज़गी, जलपान, अल्पाहार जलपान

Hum - गूँज, गुंजन, चहल पहल होना

occupation - अधिभोग

stairhead - स्टेयरहेड

companionable - मिलनसार

treat to - उपहार देना

formidable - दुर्जेय, डरावना, विकट

housekeeper - गृहप्रबंधक, गृहा प्रबंधक

dull - सुस्त

undressed - निर्वस्त्रता, कपड़े उतारना

hastily - जल्दी से, जल्दी से

tugging - खींचना, (tug) खींचना

knots - बंधन, समूह, गुच्छा, सार, उलझाना

beings - जीवन, स्वभाव, प्राणी, अस्तित्व

dearth - दुर्भिक्ष, कमी/दुर्लभता/अकाल

worthier - योग्य, ईमानदार, उपयुक्त, लायक

faded - धुंधला पड़ जाना, कम होना

graven image - देवता मूर्ति

shabby - अनुचित, जीर्ण शीर्ण

Scarecrow - बिजूखा, काकभगौड़ा

puzzles - समस्या, हैरान करना, पहेली

absurd - निरर्थक, बेतुका, असंगत

sincerity - quality of being sincere

capable - सक्षम

sensation - संवेदना, उत्तेजना, जोश, ज्ञान

comparatively - तुलनात्मक रूप से

likewise - इसी तरह, वैसे ही, तुलनीय

Long did the hours seem while I waited the departure of the company, and listened for the sound of Bessie's step on the stairs: sometimes she would come up in the interval to seek her thimble or her scissors, or perhaps to bring me something by way of supper-a bun or a cheese-cake-then she would sit on the bed while I ate it, and when I had finished, she would tuck the clothes round me, and twice she kissed me, and said, "Good night, Miss Jane." When thus gentle, Bessie seemed to me the best, prettiest, kindest being in the world; and I wished most intensely that she would always be so pleasant and amiable, and never push me about, or scold, or task me unreasonably, as she was too often wont to do. Bessie Lee must, I think, have been a girl of good natural capacity, for she was smart in all she did, and had a remarkable knack of narrative; so, at least, I judge from the impression made on me by her nursery tales. She was pretty too, if my recollections of her face and person are correct. I remember her as a slim young woman, with black hair, dark eyes, very nice features, and good, clear complexion; but she had a capricious and hasty temper, and indifferent ideas of principle or justice: still, such as she was, I preferred her to any one else at Gateshead Hall.

interval - विराम, अंतराल, अन्तराल

seek - ढूँढ़ना, ढूँढना, खोजना

thimble - अंगुश्ताना, नोक, टोप

scissors - तकनीक, कैँची

bun - पावबन

tuck - चुनट

intensely - उत्कटता से, तीव्रता से

amiable - स्नेही, मिलनसार, कांत

scold - फटकारना

unreasonably - अनुचित ढंग से, अविवेकता से

Lee - ओर

remarkable - विलक्षण, विशिष्ट, उल्लेखनीय

knack - कौशल, युक्ति

slim - पतला

complexion - वर्ण, स्वरूप

capricious - अस्थिर, सनकी, झक्की, उथला

hasty - आतुर, अधीर, त्वरित

indifferent - घटिया, तुच्छ, साधारण, उदासीन

principle - जड़सूत्र, असूल

justice - न्याय, इनसाफ़

It was the fifteenth of January, about nine o'clock in the morning: Bessie was gone down to breakfast; my cousins had not yet been summoned to their mama; Eliza was putting on her bonnet and warm garden-coat to go and feed her poultry, an occupation of which she was fond: and not less so of selling the eggs to the housekeeper and hoarding up the money she thus obtained.

Fifteenth - पंद्रहवाँ, पन्द्रहवाँ

summoned - बुलाना, इकट्ठा करना, तैयार रखना

poultry - कुक्कुटादि का मांस

fond - प्रिय

hoarding - निर्माणाधीन मकान इत्यादि की चारों तरफ सड़क‍ पर बोर्ड का बाड़ा, (hoard) निर्माणाधीन मकान इत्यादि की चारों तरफ सड़क‍ पर बोर्ड का बाड़ा

obtained - पाना, प्राप्त करना, हाशिल करना

She had a turn for traffic, and a marked propensity for saving; shown not only in the vending of eggs and chickens, but also in driving hard bargains with the gardener about flower-roots, seeds, and slips of plants; that functionary having orders from Mrs.

propensity - प्रवृत्ति, झुकाव

vending - माल बेचना

bargains - सौदा करना, लेन देन, समझौता करना

gardener - माली, बाग़बान

slips - निकालना, गिरना, जाना, उतरना

functionary - पदाधिकारी, सार्वजनिक अधिकारी

Reed to buy of his young lady all the products of her parterre she wished to sell: and Eliza would have sold the hair off her head if she could have made a handsome profit thereby.

his young lady - यह युवती

parterre - पार्टर

handsome profit - सुंदर लाभ

thereby - उससे, फलस्वरूप, उसके कारण

As to her money, she first secreted it in odd corners, wrapped in a rag or an old curl-paper; but some of these hoards having been discovered by the housemaid, Eliza, fearful of one day losing her valued treasure, consented to intrust it to her mother, at a usurious rate of interest-fifty or sixty per cent.

rag - चिथड़ा

curl - मोड़ना, जाना, लपेटना, सिकोड़ना

hoards - संचय, जमा करना, इकट्ठा करना

treasure - ख़िज़ाना

consented - स्वीकृति, सहमति, अनुमति देना

intrust - भरोसा

usurious - Of or pertaining to usury

; which interest she exacted every quarter, keeping her accounts in a little book with anxious accuracy.

anxious - चिन्ताजनक, उत्सुक, चिन्तित

accuracy - शुद्धता, सत्यता, यथार्थता

Georgiana sat on a high stool, dressing her hair at the glass, and interweaving her curls with artificial flowers and faded feathers, of which she had found a store in a drawer in the attic.

interweaving - मिला कर बिनना, गूँथना

artificial - कृत्रिम, झूठा, बनावटी

feathers - पंख, पर, पिच्छ, पक्षयुक्त करना

attic - अटारी

I was making my bed, having received strict orders from Bessie to get it arranged before she returned (for Bessie now frequently employed me as a sort of under-nurserymaid, to tidy the room, dust the chairs, &c.).

strict - सख़्त

nurserymaid - नर्सरी मेड

Having spread the quilt and folded my night-dress, I went to the window-seat to put in order some picture-books and doll's house furniture scattered there; an abrupt command from Georgiana to let her playthings alone (for the tiny chairs and mirrors, the fairy plates and cups, were her property) stopped my proceedings; and then, for lack of other occupation, I fell to breathing on the frost-flowers with which the window was fretted, and thus clearing a space in the glass through which I might look out on the grounds, where all was still and petrified under the influence of a hard frost.

quilt - दुलाई, गद्दाआ, रजाई बना

scattered - फैलाव, छितराव, तितर बितर करना

abrupt - उखड़ा उखड़ा, आकस्मिक, असंगत

Command - आदेश, आज्ञा, दस्तूर, फ़रमान

playthings - खिलौना

proceedings - सभा, अनुष्ठान, कार्रवाई

breathing on - साँस लेना

fretted - चिंता करना, चिंता करना

Petrified - अश्मीकृत होना, पथराना

From this window were visible the porter's lodge and the carriage-road, and just as I had dissolved so much of the silver-white foliage veiling the panes as left room to look out, I saw the gates thrown open and a carriage roll through.

visible - दृश्य, प्रत्यक्ष, उन्मेष

Lodge - रखना, जमा करना, मकान, दायर करना

foliage - पर्णसमूह

veiling - जाली, (veil), घूँघट

I watched it ascending the drive with indifference; carriages often came to Gateshead, but none ever brought visitors in whom I was interested; it stopped in front of the house, the door-bell rang loudly, the new-comer was admitted.

ascending - चढना, बढना/चढ़ना, उपर उठना

carriages - बच्चा गाड़ी, आचरण, चाल, वाहक

All this being nothing to me, my vacant attention soon found livelier attraction in the spectacle of a little hungry robin, which came and chirruped on the twigs of the leafless cherry-tree nailed against the wall near the casement.

livelier - फुर्तीला, सक्रिय, प्रफुल्ल

spectacle - प्रदर्शन, तमाशा, दृश्य, चश्मा

robin - रबिन

twigs - टहनी, समझ में आना, समझ जाना

cherry-tree - (cherry-tree) चेरी के पेड़

casement - फ़रमेदार खिड़की

The remains of my breakfast of bread and milk stood on the table, and having crumbled a morsel of roll, I was tugging at the sash to put out the crumbs on the window-sill, when Bessie came running upstairs into the nursery.

crumbled - चूर चूर होना

sash - दुपट्टा, कमर बन्द

crumbs - मुर्गे के क्रम्ब्स, (crumb) मुर्गे के क्रम्ब्स

sill - देहली, दहलीज

"Miss Jane, take off your pinafore; what are you doing there? Have you washed your hands and face this morning?" I gave another tug before I answered, for I wanted the bird to be secure of its bread: the sash yielded; I scattered the crumbs, some on the stone sill, some on the cherry-tree bough, then, closing the window, I replied-

pinafore - बच्चों के कपडों के ऊपर का कपडा

tug - सितारा मछली, कर्षण नौका

yielded - बताना, स्वीकार करना, देना

cherry - आलूबालू, ओलची, गिलास

bough - शाखा, डाल्, शाखा/डाल/टहनी

"No, Bessie; I have only just finished dusting."

"Troublesome, careless child! and what are you doing now? You look quite red, as if you had been about some mischief: what were you opening the window for?"

troublesome - तकलीफ़देह, कष्टप्रद, दुःखदायी

mischief - शरारत

I was spared the trouble of answering, for Bessie seemed in too great a hurry to listen to explanations; she hauled me to the washstand, inflicted a merciless, but happily brief scrub on my face and hands with soap, water, and a coarse towel; disciplined my head with a bristly brush, denuded me of my pinafore, and then hurrying me to the top of the stairs, bid me go down directly, as I was wanted in the breakfast-room.

spared - देना, बचाना, खाली

hauled - ढोना

washstand - मुंह हाथ धोने की मेज़

inflicted - डालना, पहुँचाना, दंड देना

merciless - कठोर, निष्ठुर

brief - छोटा, सूचना, संक्षिप्त, काम

scrub - मार्जन करना

coarse - घटिया, असभ्य, भद्दा, अश्लील

disciplined - व्यवस्था, अनुशासित करना

bristly - कँटीला, काँटेदार

denuded - निरावृत करना/उघाड़ना

bid - बोली बोलना

I would have asked who wanted me: I would have demanded if Mrs. Reed was there; but Bessie was already gone, and had closed the nursery-door upon me. I slowly descended. For nearly three months, I had never been called to Mrs. Reed's presence; restricted so long to the nursery, the breakfast, dining, and drawing-rooms were become for me awful regions, on which it dismayed me to intrude.

descended - उतरना, उतारना, नीचे उतरना

restricted - बाधित करना, सीमित करना

dining - हो हल्ला, शोरगुल, शोरगुल करना

dismayed - निराश करना, निराशा, त्रस्त

intrude - घुसना, हस्तक्षेप करना

I now stood in the empty hall; before me was the breakfast-room door, and I stopped, intimidated and trembling. What a miserable little poltroon had fear, engendered of unjust punishment, made of me in those days!

intimidated - धमकाना, भयभीत करना

trembling - कंपन

poltroon - डरपोक, कायर, भीरु, साहसहीन

engendered - जन्म देना, उत्पन्न करना

I feared to return to the nursery, and feared to go forward to the parlour; ten minutes I stood in agitated hesitation; the vehement ringing of the breakfast-room bell decided me; I must enter.

parlour - बैठक खाना

agitated - उकसाना, हलचल मचाना, हिलाना

hesitation - हिचक, हिचकिचाहट, हिचकीचाहट

vehement - तीव्र, प्रबल, प्रचण्ड

ringing - गुंजायमान

"Who could want me?" I asked inwardly, as with both hands I turned the stiff door-handle, which, for a second or two, resisted my efforts. "What should I see besides Aunt Reed in the apartment?-a man or a woman?" The handle turned, the door unclosed, and passing through and curtseying low, I looked up at-a black pillar!

inwardly - मन ही मन, मन मेँ

stiff - कठोर, कठिन, रूखा, हठीला, सख्त

handle - मूठ

curtseying - सौजन्य

pillar - स्तंभ, खंभा

-such, at least, appeared to me, at first sight, the straight, narrow, sable-clad shape standing erect on the rug: the grim face at the top was like a carved mask, placed above the shaft by way of capital.

sable - सेबल

erect - बनाना, खडा़ करना

rug - ग़ालीचा, दरी

carved - काट कर चित्र बनाना

shaft - अन्यायपूर्ण व्यवहार करना, बरछा

Mrs. Reed occupied her usual seat by the fireside; she made a signal to me to approach; I did so, and she introduced me to the stony stranger with the words: "This is the little girl respecting whom I applied to you."

occupied - रहना, ग्रहण करना, कब्जा करना

stony - कठोर, पथरीला, पत्थर सा सख़्त

He, for it was a man, turned his head slowly towards where I stood, and having examined me with the two inquisitive-looking grey eyes which twinkled under a pair of bushy brows, said solemnly, and in a bass voice, "Her size is small: what is her age?"

inquisitive - जिज्ञासु, उत्सुकतापूर्ण

twinkled - चमक, जोश, टिमटिमाना, चमकना

bushy - घना, झाड़ीदार

brows - आँखें, (brow) आँखें

solemnly - in a solemn manner

bass voice - बास आवाज

"Ten years."

"So much?" was the doubtful answer; and he prolonged his scrutiny for some minutes. Presently he addressed me-"Your name, little girl?"

doubtful - अनिश्चित, संदिग्ध, संदेह

prolonged - लंबा, दीर्घकालीन

scrutiny - सूक्ष्म परीक्षण

"Jane Eyre, sir."

In uttering these words I looked up: he seemed to me a tall gentleman; but then I was very little; his features were large, and they and all the lines of his frame were equally harsh and prim.

uttering - उत्पन्न करना, (utter) उत्पन्न करना

prim - .तकल्लुक-मिजाज

"Well, Jane Eyre, and are you a good child?"

Impossible to reply to this in the affirmative: my little world held a contrary opinion: I was silent. Mrs. Reed answered for me by an expressive shake of the head, adding soon, "Perhaps the less said on that subject the better, Mr. Brocklehurst."

affirmative - स्वीकारात्मक, हाँ, सकारात्मक

contrary - प्रतिकूल, उलटा, विपरीत, ज़िद्दी

expressive - सूचक, भावबोधक

"Sorry indeed to hear it! she and I must have some talk;" and bending from the perpendicular, he installed his person in the arm-chair opposite Mrs. Reed's. "Come here," he said.

perpendicular - सीधा, लम्ब, परपेंडिकुलर शिल्प

installed - , बैठाना, लगाना[यन्त्र]

I stepped across the rug; he placed me square and straight before him. What a face he had, now that it was almost on a level with mine! what a great nose! and what a mouth! and what large prominent teeth!

"No sight so sad as that of a naughty child," he began, "especially a naughty little girl. Do you know where the wicked go after death?"

"They go to hell," was my ready and orthodox answer.

hell - नरक

orthodox - रूढ़िवादी

"And what is hell? Can you tell me that?"

"A pit full of fire."

pit - गहरा गढ्ढा

"And should you like to fall into that pit, and to be burning there for ever?"

"No, sir."

"What must you do to avoid it?"

I deliberated a moment; my answer, when it did come, was objectionable: "I must keep in good health, and not die."

deliberated - विचार करना, ध्यानपूर्वक, सावधान

objectionable - सितारा मछली, आपत्तिजनक

"How can you keep in good health? Children younger than you die daily. I buried a little child of five years old only a day or two since,-a good little child, whose soul is now in heaven. It is to be feared the same could not be said of you were you to be called hence."

Not being in a condition to remove his doubt, I only cast my eyes down on the two large feet planted on the rug, and sighed, wishing myself far enough away.

cast - ढालना, डालना

"I hope that sigh is from the heart, and that you repent of ever having been the occasion of discomfort to your excellent benefactress."

sigh - आह भरना

discomfort - घबरा देना, अशांति, असुविधा

"Benefactress! benefactress!" said I inwardly: "they all call Mrs. Reed my benefactress; if so, a benefactress is a disagreeable thing."

disagreeable - अप्रिय, झगड़ालू

"Do you say your prayers night and morning?" continued my interrogator.

interrogator - प्रश्नकर्ता

"Yes, sir."

"Do you read your Bible?"

Bible - बाइबिल, बाइबल, इंजील


"With pleasure? Are you fond of it?"

"I like Revelations, and the book of Daniel, and Genesis and Samuel, and a little bit of Exodus, and some parts of Kings and Chronicles, and Job and Jonah."

revelations - प्रकटीकरण, रहस्योद्घाटन

Daniel - book of the Bible

Genesis - उत्पत्ति

Exodus - निर्गमन, ख़ुरूज

Chronicles - लिपिबद्ध करना, लिपिबद्ध करना

Jonah - given name, prophet

"And the Psalms? I hope you like them?"

Psalms - भजन् करना, भजन, भजन् करना

"No, sir."

"No? oh, shocking! I have a little boy, younger than you, who knows six Psalms by heart: and when you ask him which he would rather have, a gingerbread-nut to eat or a verse of a Psalm to learn, he says: 'Oh! the verse of a Psalm! angels sing Psalms;'says he, 'I wish to be a little angel here below;'he then gets two nuts in recompense for his infant piety."

gingerbread - जिंजरब्रेड

verse - कविता

psalm - भजन् करना, भजन, भजन् करना

angel - देवदूत

recompense - इनाम, पुरस्कार, क्षतिपूर्ति

"Psalms are not interesting," I remarked.

remarked - करना, ध्यान, प्रतिक्रिया

"That proves you have a wicked heart; and you must pray to God to change it: to give you a new and clean one: to take away your heart of stone and give you a heart of flesh."

I was about to propound a question, touching the manner in which that operation of changing my heart was to be performed, when Mrs. Reed interposed, telling me to sit down; she then proceeded to carry on the conversation herself.

propound - प्रस्तुत करना

proceeded - आगे आना, आगे बढना, चलना

"Mr. Brocklehurst, I believe I intimated in the letter which I wrote to you three weeks ago, that this little girl has not quite the character and disposition I could wish: should you admit her into Lowood school, I should be glad if the superintendent and teachers were requested to keep a strict eye on her, and, above all, to guard against her worst fault, a tendency to deceit.

Superintendent - सुपरिंटेंडेंट, सुपरडंट

deceit - धोखा, छल

I mention this in your hearing, Jane, that you may not attempt to impose on Mr. Brocklehurst."

attempt - कोशिश करना

impose - लगाना, थोपना, लागू करना

Well might I dread, well might I dislike Mrs. Reed; for it was her nature to wound me cruelly; never was I happy in her presence; however carefully I obeyed, however strenuously I strove to please her, my efforts were still repulsed and repaid by such sentences as the above.

wound - घाव, चोट, ज़ख़्मी करना, आघात

cruelly - क्रूरतापूर्वक, निर्दयतापूर्वक

obeyed - पालन करना, निभाना, कहना मानना

strenuously - सख़्ती से, दृढ़ता से

repulsed - इंकार, हटा देना

repaid - लौटाना, वापस करना, भुगतान करना

Now, uttered before a stranger, the accusation cut me to the heart; I dimly perceived that she was already obliterating hope from the new phase of existence which she destined me to enter; I felt, though I could not have expressed the feeling, that she was sowing aversion and unkindness along my future path; I saw myself transformed under Mr.

uttered - चलाना, निकालना, नितान्त, कहना

accusation - अभियोजन, दोषारोपण, अभियोग

perceived - अर्थ लगाना, देखना, महसूस करना

obliterating - मिटा देना, मिटाना

phase - चरण

destined - निर्धारित, नियतवाला

sowing - Process by which something is sown

unkindness - कठोरता, दयाहीनता

transformed - बदल देना, बढ़ाना, घटाना, बदलना

Brocklehurst's eye into an artful, noxious child, and what could I do to remedy the injury?

artful - धूर्ततापूर्ण, धूर्त, चालाक

remedy - चारा

"Nothing, indeed," thought I, as I struggled to repress a sob, and hastily wiped away some tears, the impotent evidences of my anguish.

struggled - आगे बढना, मुश्किल, प्रयत्न

repress - दबाना, कुचलना

sob - कमीना, सिसकते हुए कहना

impotent - नामर्द, नपुंसक

"Deceit is, indeed, a sad fault in a child," said Mr. Brocklehurst; "it is akin to falsehood, and all liars will have their portion in the lake burning with fire and brimstone; she shall, however, be watched, Mrs. Reed. I will speak to Miss Temple and the teachers."

akin - समान, सदृश

falsehood - झूठ, असत्यता

liars - झूठा, लबार, लबरा, लबाड़

portion - हिस्सा, भाग, खुराक, बाँट देना

Brimstone - गंधक तितली, गंधक, गंधक तितली

Temple - मंदिर

"I should wish her to be brought up in a manner suiting her prospects," continued my benefactress; "to be made useful, to be kept humble: as for the vacations, she will, with your permission, spend them always at Lowood."

prospects - दृश्य, खोज़ना, खोज करना, संभावना

"Your decisions are perfectly judicious, madam," returned Mr. Brocklehurst. "Humility is a Christian grace, and one peculiarly appropriate to the pupils of Lowood; I, therefore, direct that especial care shall be bestowed on its cultivation amongst them. I have studied how best to mortify in them the worldly sentiment of pride; and, only the other day, I had a pleasing proof of my success.

judicious - विवेकपूर्ण, बुद्धिमान

humility - विनम्रता

Christian - ईसाई धर्म संबंधी

grace - अदा

peculiarly - अजीब तरह से, विशेष रुप से

appropriate - उपयुक्त

pupils - आँख की कनीनिका, पुतली, किशोर

especial - विशिष्ट

bestowed - प्रदान करना

cultivation - कृषि, खेती, जुताई

mortify - अत्याचार करना

worldly - सांसारिक, भौतिक, लौकिक

Proof - प्रमाण, सबूत

My second daughter, Augusta, went with her mama to visit the school, and on her return she exclaimed: 'Oh, dear papa, how quiet and plain all the girls at Lowood look, with their hair combed behind their ears, and their long pinafores, and those little holland pockets outside their frocks-they are almost like poor people's children!

Augusta - female given name

combed - निकालना, अच्छे से ढूँढना

pinafores - बच्चों के कपडों के ऊपर का कपडा

and,'said she, 'they looked at my dress and mama's, as if they had never seen a silk gown before.'"

"This is the state of things I quite approve," returned Mrs. Reed; "had I sought all England over, I could scarcely have found a system more exactly fitting a child like Jane Eyre. Consistency, my Dear Mr. Brocklehurst; I advocate consistency in all things."

approve - अनुमोदन करना

Dear Mr - प्रिय श्रीमंत

advocate - समर्थन करना, वकील, अधिवक्ता

consistency - तालमेल, सामंजस्य, संगतता

"Consistency, madam, is the first of Christian duties; and it has been observed in every arrangement connected with the establishment of Lowood: plain fare, simple attire, unsophisticated accommodations, hardy and active habits; such is the order of the day in the house and its inhabitants."

observed - अनुपालन करना, कहना, देखना

establishment - स्थान, संस्था, नींव, स्थापना

plain fare - साधारण भोजन

unsophisticated - गँवार, निष्कपट, अव्यावहारिक

hardy - दमदार, मज़बूत, तगड़ा

inhabitants - निवासी

"Quite right, sir. I may then depend upon this child being received as a pupil at Lowood, and there being trained in conformity to her position and prospects?"

pupil - छात्र

conformity - सहमति, अनुकूलता, अनुपालन

"Madam, you may: she shall be placed in that nursery of chosen plants, and I trust she will show herself grateful for the inestimable privilege of her election."

trust - विश्वास, भरोसा

inestimable - अनमोल, अमूल्य

"I will send her, then, as soon as possible, Mr. Brocklehurst; for, I assure you, I feel anxious to be relieved of a responsibility that was becoming too irksome."

assure - निश्चित करना, आश्वासन देना

relieved - कम करना, सहायता करना, उठाना

"No doubt, no doubt, madam; and now I wish you good morning. I shall return to Brocklehurst Hall in the course of a week or two: my good friend, the Archdeacon, will not permit me to leave him sooner. I shall send Miss Temple notice that she is to expect a new girl, so that there will be no difficulty about receiving her. Good-bye."

Archdeacon - मुख्य पादरी, उप महापादरी

Good-bye - (Good-bye) अलविदा

"Good-bye, Mr. Brocklehurst; remember me to Mrs. and Miss Brocklehurst, and to Augusta and Theodore, and Master Broughton Brocklehurst."

"I will, madam. Little girl, here is a book entitled the 'Child's Guide,'read it with prayer, especially that part containing 'An account of the awfully sudden death of Martha G---, a naughty child addicted to falsehood and deceit.'"

entitled - उपाधि देना, अधिकार देना

awfully - बहुत, बेकार ढंग से

sudden death - अचानक मृत्यु

addicted - व्यसनी, लत लगा हुआ, लतिया, नशेडी

With these words Mr. Brocklehurst put into my hand a thin pamphlet sewn in a cover, and having rung for his carriage, he departed.

pamphlet - पर्चा

sewn - सीलाई करना, सीना

rung - अंगूठी, (ring) अंगूठी

Mrs. Reed and I were left alone: some minutes passed in silence; she was sewing, I was watching her. Mrs.

Reed might be at that time some six or seven and thirty; she was a woman of robust frame, square-shouldered and strong-limbed, not tall, and, though stout, not obese: she had a somewhat large face, the under jaw being much developed and very solid; her brow was low, her chin large and prominent, mouth and nose sufficiently regular; under her light eyebrows glimmered an eye devoid of ruth; her skin was dark and opaque, her hair nearly flaxen; her constitution was sound as a bell-illness never came near her; she was an exact, clever manager; her household and tenantry were thoroughly under her control; her children only at times defied her authority and laughed it to scorn; she dressed well, and had a presence and port calculated to set off handsome attire.

robust - असभ्य, ज़बर्दस्त, स्वस्थ

limbed - शरारती, शाखा, अंग, पंखुड़ी, छोर

obese - सितारा मछली, स्थूलकाय

jaw - जबड़ा

chin - ठुड्डी

sufficiently - काफ़ी, पर्याप्त मात्रा में

eyebrows - भौंह, भौं

glimmered - चमक, झलक, टिमटिमाना, टिमटिमाहट

devoid - रहित

ruth - दया

opaque - अस्पष्ट, अपारदर्शी

flaxen - सन के रंग का

constitution - संविधान, आईन, राज्यांग, दस्तूर

household - परिवार

tenantry - किरायादार

thoroughly - पूर्ण, अच्छी तरह से

defied - विरोध करना, सामना करना

scorn - तिरस्कार, तिरस्कार करना

calculated - निश्चित करना, समझना, गिनती करना

Sitting on a low stool, a few yards from her arm-chair, I examined her figure; I perused her features. In my hand I held the tract containing the sudden death of the Liar, to which narrative my attention had been pointed as to an appropriate warning. What had just passed; what Mrs. Reed had said concerning me to Mr.

tract - क्षेत्र

liar - झूठा

Brocklehurst; the whole tenor of their conversation, was recent, raw, and stinging in my mind; I had felt every word as acutely as I had heard it plainly, and a passion of resentment fomented now within me.

tenor - अभिप्राय, उच्च स्वरीय

stinging - कटता, (sting) कटता

acutely - बहुत ही, बहुत ही तेज़ीसे

plainly - साफ़ तौर पर, साफ़ साफ़

resentment - क्रोध, विद्वेष, नाराज़ग्

fomented - उत्तेजित करना, उकसाना

Mrs. Reed looked up from her work; her eye settled on mine, her fingers at the same time suspended their nimble movements.

settled - रोकना, देना, रहना, तय करना

suspended - लटकाना, स्थगित करना

nimble - फुर्तीला, चंचल, कुशाग्रआ

"Go out of the room; return to the nursery," was her mandate. My look or something else must have struck her as offensive, for she spoke with extreme though suppressed irritation. I got up, I went to the door; I came back again; I walked to the window, across the room, then close up to her.

mandate - सौंपना, आदेश देना, आदेश

offensive - हमला, आक्रमण

suppressed - रोकना, समाप्त करना

irritation - गुस्सा, उत्तेजना, कोप, संताप

Speak I must: I had been trodden on severely, and must turn: but how? What strength had I to dart retaliation at my antagonist? I gathered my energies and launched them in this blunt sentence-

trodden - तल्ला, चाल, चलकर रास्ता बनाना

severely - कठोरता से, सादे ढंग से

dart - भाला, बल्लम

retaliation - प्रतिशोध, बदला

antagonist - विरोधी, शत्रु/विरोधी, द्वेषी

launched - प्रारंभ करना, छोडना, आरम्भ करना

"I am not deceitful: if I were, I should say I loved you; but I declare I do not love you: I dislike you the worst of anybody in the world except John Reed; and this book about the liar, you may give to your girl, Georgiana, for it is she who tells lies, and not I."

deceitful - कपटी, छली/कपटी

declare - बताना, प्रकट करना, कहना

Mrs. Reed's hands still lay on her work inactive: her eye of ice continued to dwell freezingly on mine.

inactive - निष्क्रिय, प्रभावहीन, बेकार

dwell - विचार करना, निवास करना

"What more have you to say?" she asked, rather in the tone in which a person might address an opponent of adult age than such as is ordinarily used to a child.

opponent - प्रतियोगी

That eye of hers, that voice stirred every antipathy I had. Shaking from head to foot, thrilled with ungovernable excitement, I continued-

thrilled - उत्तेजित करना, खुशी होना

ungovernable - अनियंत्रणीय, दुर्दमनीय

"I am glad you are no relation of mine: I will never call you aunt again as long as I live. I will never come to see you when I am grown up; and if any one asks me how I liked you, and how you treated me, I will say the very thought of you makes me sick, and that you treated me with miserable cruelty."

liked you - तुम्हें पसंद किया

cruelty - क्रूरता

"How dare you affirm that, Jane Eyre?"

affirm - दृढतापूर्वक कहना

"How dare I, Mrs. Reed? How dare I? Because it is the truth. You think I have no feelings, and that I can do without one bit of love or kindness; but I cannot live so: and you have no pity.

I shall remember how you thrust me back-roughly and violently thrust me back-into the red-room, and locked me up there, to my dying day; though I was in agony; though I cried out, while suffocating with distress, 'Have mercy! Have mercy, Aunt Reed!' And that punishment you made me suffer because your wicked boy struck me-knocked me down for nothing.

roughly - लगभग, रुखाई से, अशिष्टता से

violently - हिंसात्मक ढंग से

dying - मरणकालीन, (dye)

agony - व्यथा, कष्ट

suffocating - घुटन भरा

distress - दुःख होना, कठिनाई, दुःख होना

I will tell anybody who asks me questions, this exact tale. People think you a good woman, but you are bad, hard-hearted. You are deceitful!"

How dare I, Mrs. Reed? How dare I? Because it is the


Ere I had finished this reply, my soul began to expand, to exult, with the strangest sense of freedom, of triumph, I ever felt. It seemed as if an invisible bond had burst, and that I had struggled out into unhoped-for liberty. Not without cause was this sentiment: Mrs.

exult - उल्लसित होना, बहुत प्रसन्न होना

freedom - स्वतंत्रता, आज़ादी, स्वाधीनता

triumph - विजय

invisible - अदृश्य

bond - बन्धन

unhoped - अप्रत्याशित

Reed looked frightened; her work had slipped from her knee; she was lifting up her hands, rocking herself to and fro, and even twisting her face as if she would cry.

fro - से

twisting - घुमावदार, छटपटाता हुआ

"Jane, you are under a mistake: what is the matter with you? Why do you tremble so violently? Would you like to drink some water?"

tremble - परेशान करना, हिलना, कम्पन

"No, Mrs. Reed."

"Is there anything else you wish for, Jane? I assure you, I desire to be your friend."

desire - इच्छा, चाह

"Not you. You told Mr. Brocklehurst I had a bad character, a deceitful disposition; and I'll let everybody at Lowood know what you are, and what you have done."

"Jane, you don't understand these things: children must be corrected for their faults."

faults - त्रुटि, अवगुण, शिकार खो बैठना

"Deceit is not my fault!" I cried out in a savage, high voice.

"But you are passionate, Jane, that you must allow: and now return to the nursery-there's a dear-and lie down a little."

"I am not your dear; I cannot lie down: send me to school soon, Mrs. Reed, for I hate to live here."

"I will indeed send her to school soon," murmured Mrs. Reed sotto voce; and gathering up her work, she abruptly quitted the apartment.

murmured - बड़बड़ाना, सरसराहट, बड़बड़ाहट

I was left there alone-winner of the field. It was the hardest battle I had fought, and the first victory I had gained: I stood awhile on the rug, where Mr. Brocklehurst had stood, and I enjoyed my conqueror's solitude. First, I smiled to myself and felt elate; but this fierce pleasure subsided in me as fast as did the accelerated throb of my pulses.

Gained - पाना, प्राप्त करना, मिलना

Conqueror - विजेताआ, जीतने वाला

solitude - एकांत, विरानी, अकेलापन, खिलवत

fierce - भारी, घमासान, उत्तेजित, तीव्र

subsided - घटना, शांत होना, बैठ जाना

accelerated - चाल बढ़ाना, तेज़ी से बढ़ाना

throb - धक धक करने वाला दर्द

pulses - दाल, नाडी, पल्स, स्पंदित होना

A child cannot quarrel with its elders, as I had done; cannot give its furious feelings uncontrolled play, as I had given mine, without experiencing afterwards the pang of remorse and the chill of reaction. A ridge of lighted heath, alive, glancing, devouring, would have been a meet emblem of my mind when I accused and menaced Mrs.

quarrel - झगड़ा, असहमति

furious - उग्र, भीषण, प्रचण्ड, कुपित

uncontrolled - अनियंत्रित

remorse - पश्चाताप, पछतावा, प्रयाश्चित

ridge - ऊपर उठाना, ढालू टीला{ या पहाड़ी}

Heath - झाड़ियों से भरा भूखंड, अजोत भूमि

devouring - नष्ट करना, खा जाना

emblem - प्रतीक, चिह्न, चिन्ह

menaced - हानिकारक, धमकी

Reed: the same ridge, black and blasted after the flames are dead, would have represented as meetly my subsequent condition, when half-an-hour's silence and reflection had shown me the madness of my conduct, and the dreariness of my hated and hating position.

blasted - विस्फोट, झोंका, विनाश करना

flames - प्रेमिका, चमकना, आग की ज्वाला

subsequent - अनुगामी, बाद का, के बादवाला

reflection - परावर्तन, प्रतिबिंब

madness - पागलपन

dreariness - उदासी, नीरसता

Something of vengeance I had tasted for the first time; as aromatic wine it seemed, on swallowing, warm and racy: its after-flavour, metallic and corroding, gave me a sensation as if I had been poisoned. Willingly would I now have gone and asked Mrs.

vengeance - प्रतिशोध, बदला, प्रतिहिंसा

aromatic - खुशबूदार, ख़ुशबूदार

swallowing - निगल लेना, समाप्त करना, दबाना

racy - जानदार, सजीव

flavour - स्वाद

metallic - धातु जैसा, धातु का

corroding - संक्षारित करना, खुरचना

willingly - स्वेच्छया, स्वेछा से

Reed's pardon; but I knew, partly from experience and partly from instinct, that was the way to make her repulse me with double scorn, thereby re-exciting every turbulent impulse of my nature.

partly - कुछ हद तक, कुछ कुछ

instinct - फ़ितरत, वृत्ति, सलीक़ा

repulse - हटा देना

turbulent - अशांत, उग्र, दंगेबाज़

I would fain exercise some better faculty than that of fierce speaking; fain find nourishment for some less fiendish feeling than that of sombre indignation. I took a book-some Arabian tales; I sat down and endeavoured to read. I could make no sense of the subject; my own thoughts swam always between me and the page I had usually found fascinating.

fain - खुश

faculty - शक्ति, संकाय, योग्यता, क्षमता

nourishment - पालन, पुष्टिकारक पदार्थ, पोषण

fiendish - क्रूर, पैशाचिक, गूढ़

Arabian - अरबी

thoughts - विचार, मत, इरादा, विचारधारा

I opened the glass-door in the breakfast-room: the shrubbery was quite still: the black frost reigned, unbroken by sun or breeze, through the grounds.

reigned - शासन, आधिपत्य करना, शासन करना

unbroken - अविभक्त, अखंडित, अनजुता, अजोत

I covered my head and arms with the skirt of my frock, and went out to walk in a part of the plantation which was quite sequestrated; but I found no pleasure in the silent trees, the falling fir-cones, the congealed relics of autumn, russet leaves, swept by past winds in heaps, and now stiffened together.

frock - फ्रॉक

plantation - बाग़ान ea, वृक्षारोपण

sequestrated - अलग करना, ज़ब्त करना

fir - सरो का पेड़, देवदार वृक्ष

cones - संकु आकार से घेरना

russet - लाली लिये हुये भूरे रंग का

winds - करना, लच्छी बनाना

in heaps - बहुत सारे

stiffened - अकड़ जाना, कड़ा बनाना, तान लेना

I leaned against a gate, and looked into an empty field where no sheep were feeding, where the short grass was nipped and blanched. It was a very grey day; a most opaque sky, "onding on snaw," canopied all; thence flakes felt it intervals, which settled on the hard path and on the hoary lea without melting.

leaned - टेक लग्ना, ब्ंजर, सहारे रखना

blanched - सफेद पड़ ना, सफेद पड़ ना

onding - उन्मुक्त

snaw - स्ना

canopied - काकपिट की छत, छतरी

flakes - पागल, पपड़ी

hoary - पुराना, पुरातन, धूसर

melting - सहानुभूति जगाता हुआ

I stood, a wretched child enough, whispering to myself over and over again, "What shall I do?-what shall I do?"

wretched - दयनीय, दरिद्र, अत्यंत दुखी

All at once I heard a clear voice call, "Miss Jane! where are you? Come to lunch!"

It was Bessie, I knew well enough; but I did not stir; her light step came tripping down the path.

"You naughty little thing!" she said. "Why don't you come when you are called?"

Bessie's presence, compared with the thoughts over which I had been brooding, seemed cheerful; even though, as usual, she was somewhat cross. The fact is, after my conflict with and victory over Mrs. Reed, I was not disposed to care much for the nursemaid's transitory anger; and I was disposed to bask in her youthful lightness of heart. I just put my two arms round her and said, "Come, Bessie!

brooding - विचारमग्न, (brood) विचारमग्न

conflict - संघर्ष, युद्ध, द्वंद्व, विवाद

nursemaid - आया

anger - क्रोध, ग़ुस्सा

bask - धूप मेँ गरम करना या सेँकना

youthful - जवान, जवानी का, कम उम्र, युवा

lightness - फुर्ती, भारहीनता, हल्कापन

don't scold."

The action was more frank and fearless than any I was habituated to indulge in: somehow it pleased her.

fearless - निर्भीक

habituated - साधना, अभ्यस्त बना करना

indulge - लिप्त होना, प्रसन्न करना

somehow - किसी भी तरह, किसी कारण से

"You are a strange child, Miss Jane," she said, as she looked down at me; "a little roving, solitary thing: and you are going to school, I suppose?"

roving - घुमंतू, घुमक्कड़ी

I nodded.

nodded - ऊँघना, झूमना, सिर हिलाना, हुक्म

"And won't you be sorry to leave poor Bessie?"

"What does Bessie care for me? She is always scolding me."

scolding - डाँटने वाला, झिड़की

"Because you're such a queer, frightened, shy little thing. You should be bolder."

queer - अजीब, अनोखा, बेढंग

bolder - धृष्ट, सुस्पष्ट, स्पष्ट

"What! to get more knocks?"

"Nonsense! But you are rather put upon, that's certain. My mother said, when she came to see me last week, that she would not like a little one of her own to be in your place.-Now, come in, and I've some good news for you."

"I don't think you have, Bessie."

"Child! what do you mean? What sorrowful eyes you fix on me! Well, but Missis and the young ladies and Master John are going out to tea this afternoon, and you shall have tea with me. I'll ask cook to bake you a little cake, and then you shall help me to look over your drawers; for I am soon to pack your trunk.

sorrowful - उदास, शोकसंतृप्त

have tea - चाय पीना

trunk - तना

Missis intends you to leave Gateshead in a day or two, and you shall choose what toys you like to take with you."

"Bessie, you must promise not to scold me any more till I go."

"Well, I will; but mind you are a very good girl, and don't be afraid of me. Don't start when I chance to speak rather sharply; it's so provoking."

sharply - कटुतापूर्वक, तीक्ष्णता से

provoking - उत्तेजित करना, उत्पन्न करना

"I don't think I shall ever be afraid of you again, Bessie, because I have got used to you, and I shall soon have another set of people to dread."

"If you dread them they'll dislike you."

"As you do, Bessie?"

"I don't dislike you, Miss; I believe I am fonder of you than of all the others."

fonder - प्रेमी, शौक, प्रिय

"You don't show it."

"You little sharp thing! you've got quite a new way of talking. What makes you so venturesome and hardy?"

venturesome - साहसी, दुःसाहसी

"Why, I shall soon be away from you, and besides"-I was going to say something about what had passed between me and Mrs. Reed, but on second thoughts I considered it better to remain silent on that head.

"And so you're glad to leave me?"

"Not at all, Bessie; indeed, just now I'm rather sorry."

"Just now! and rather! How coolly my little lady says it! I dare say now if I were to ask you for a kiss you wouldn't give it me: you'd say you'd rather not."

coolly - शान्ति से, उदासीनतापूर्वक

"I'll kiss you and welcome: bend your head down." Bessie stooped; we mutually embraced, and I followed her into the house quite comforted. That afternoon lapsed in peace and harmony; and in the evening Bessie told me some of her most enchanting stories, and sang me some of her sweetest songs. Even for me life had its gleams of sunshine.

stooped - झुक कर खड़ा होना, झुकना

mutually - परस्पर, पारस्परिक रूप से

embraced - आलिंगन, समाविष्ट करना

comforted - आराम, सुविधा, सान्त्वना, सुख

lapsed - समाप्ति, खत्म हो जाना, चूक

enchanting - मोहित करना, मोहित करना

gleams - झलक, चमचमाना, चमकना, किरण

sunshine - धूप, सूर्यप्रकाश


Five o'clock had hardly struck on the morning of the 19th of January, when Bessie brought a candle into my closet and found me already up and nearly dressed. I had risen half-an-hour before her entrance, and had washed my face, and put on my clothes by the light of a half-moon just setting, whose rays streamed through the narrow window near my crib.

half-moon - (half-moon) अर्ध चंद्रमा

rays - किरण, शंकुश, ऋषभ, अर्ध रेखा

streamed - बहना, वर्ग, प्रवाह, धारा, शाखा

I was to leave Gateshead that day by a coach which passed the lodge gates at six a.m. Bessie was the only person yet risen; she had lit a fire in the nursery, where she now proceeded to make my breakfast. Few children can eat when excited with the thoughts of a journey; nor could I.

Bessie, having pressed me in vain to take a few spoonfuls of the boiled milk and bread she had prepared for me, wrapped up some biscuits in a paper and put them into my bag; then she helped me on with my pelisse and bonnet, and wrapping herself in a shawl, she and I left the nursery. As we passed Mrs. Reed's bedroom, she said, "Will you go in and bid Missis good-bye?"

spoonfuls - चम्मच, चम्मच भर

pelisse - पेलिस

wrapping - ओढ़ना, आवरण

"No, Bessie: she came to my crib last night when you were gone down to supper, and said I need not disturb her in the morning, or my cousins either; and she told me to remember that she had always been my best friend, and to speak of her and be grateful to her accordingly."

disturb - परेशान करना, बाधा डालना

accordingly - फलस्वरूप, परिस्थिति के अनुसार

"What did you say, Miss?"

"Nothing: I covered my face with the bedclothes, and turned from her to the wall."

bedclothes - बिस्तर के चादर कम्बल

"That was wrong, Miss Jane."

"It was quite right, Bessie. Your Missis has not been my friend: she has been my foe."

foe - दुश्मन

"O Miss Jane! don't say so!"

"Good-bye to Gateshead!" cried I, as we passed through the hall and went out at the front door.

The moon was set, and it was very dark; Bessie carried a lantern, whose light glanced on wet steps and gravel road sodden by a recent thaw. Raw and chill was the winter morning: my teeth chattered as I hastened down the drive.

glanced - चमकना, ग्लांस करना, नजर डालना

gravel - बजरी

sodden - पूरी तरह से भीगा हुआ

thaw - पिघलना, गलना, पिघलाना

chattered - बकबक करना, गप्प लगाना, बकबक

hastened - जल्दी करना, जल्दी कहना

There was a light in the porter's lodge: when we reached it, we found the porter's wife just kindling her fire: my trunk, which had been carried down the evening before, stood corded at the door.

kindling - उद्दीपन, जलावन का सामानअ

corded - डोरी, बिजली का तार

It wanted but a few minutes of six, and shortly after that hour had struck, the distant roll of wheels announced the coming coach; I went to the door and watched its lamps approach rapidly through the gloom.

shortly - कुछ समय, रुखाई से, शीघ्र

rapidly - शीघ्रता से, तेज़ी से

"Is she going by herself?" asked the porter's wife.


"And how far is it?"

"Fifty miles."

"What a long way! I wonder Mrs. Reed is not afraid to trust her so far alone."

The coach drew up; there it was at the gates with its four horses and its top laden with passengers: the guard and coachman loudly urged haste; my trunk was hoisted up; I was taken from Bessie's neck, to which I clung with kisses.

laden - लदा हुआ

coachman - घोड़ागाड़ी चालक

urged - उत्तेजित करना, उकसाना

haste - जल्दी, जल्दबाजी, अविलंब

hoisted - उठाना, ऊपर उठाना, फहराना

clung - चिपक जाना, टिके रहना

"Be sure and take good care of her," cried she to the guard, as he lifted me into the inside.

"Ay, ay!" was the answer: the door was slapped to, a voice exclaimed "All right," and on we drove. Thus was I severed from Bessie and Gateshead; thus whirled away to unknown, and, as I then deemed, remote and mysterious regions.

Ay - Aapkaa swagat haiआपका स्वागत है।

slapped - सीधे, ठीक, तमाचा मारना

severed - पूर्णतया संबंध विच्छेद कर लेना

whirled - घुमाव, चक्कर, घूमना

I remember but little of the journey; I only know that the day seemed to me of a preternatural length, and that we appeared to travel over hundreds of miles of road. We passed through several towns, and in one, a very large one, the coach stopped; the horses were taken out, and the passengers alighted to dine.

alighted - उतरना, जलता हुआ, प्रज्ज्वलित

dine - भोजन करना, भोजन करना

I was carried into an inn, where the guard wanted me to have some dinner; but, as I had no appetite, he left me in an immense room with a fireplace at each end, a chandelier pendent from the ceiling, and a little red gallery high up against the wall filled with musical instruments.

Inn - सराय, धर्मशाला

appetite - इच्छा, रुचि, भूख

immense - असीम, अमित, विपल, विशाल

fireplace - चिमनी

chandelier - झाड़, झाड़-फ़ानूस, झूमर

pendent - अनुरूप

Here I walked about for a long time, feeling very strange, and mortally apprehensive of some one coming in and kidnapping me; for I believed in kidnappers, their exploits having frequently figured in Bessie's fireside chronicles.

mortally - घातक रूप से, भीषण रूप से

apprehensive - डरपोक, चिंतित, आशंकावान, कातर

kidnapping - अपहरण, (kidnap), अपहरण करना

kidnappers - अपहरणकर्ता

exploits - कारनामा, वीरता का काम

At last the guard returned; once more I was stowed away in the coach, my protector mounted his own seat, sounded his hollow horn, and away we rattled over the "stony street" of L-.

stowed away - छुटकारा लिया

protector - संरक्षक, रक्षक, रक्षी, रक्षमान

horn - सींग, खाँग, tखँगुवा, खगुवा

rattled - खनखनाना, घबड़ा देना, खनखनाहट

The afternoon came on wet and somewhat misty: as it waned into dusk, I began to feel that we were getting very far indeed from Gateshead: we ceased to pass through towns; the country changed; great grey hills heaved up round the horizon: as twilight deepened, we descended a valley, dark with wood, and long after night had overclouded the prospect, I heard a wild wind rushing amongst trees.

misty - कोहरे से आच्छादित

waned - घटना, घटाव, ह्रास

dusk - गोधूलि वेला, संध्या

ceased - बन्द करना, बन्द करना

heaved - उठाना, उबकाई, उबकाई आना, लहराना

deepened - गहराना, गहरा हो जाना, गहरा होना

prospect - दृश्य, खोज़ना, खोज करना, संभावना

Lulled by the sound, I at last dropped asleep; I had not long slumbered when the sudden cessation of motion awoke me; the coach-door was open, and a person like a servant was standing at it: I saw her face and dress by the light of the lamps.

lulled - कम करना, शांत करना, ठहराव

slumbered - सोना, अल्पनिद्रा, नींद

cessation - विराम, ठहराव, अवरति

motion - हरकत

awoke - जगा हुआ, जागरूक, जगाना, जागना

"Is there a little girl called Jane Eyre here?" she asked. I answered "Yes," and was then lifted out; my trunk was handed down, and the coach instantly drove away.

I was stiff with long sitting, and bewildered with the noise and motion of the coach: Gathering my faculties, I looked about me. Rain, wind, and darkness filled the air; nevertheless, I dimly discerned a wall before me and a door open in it; through this door I passed with my new guide: she shut and locked it behind her.

nevertheless - फिर भी, तथापि, तब भी

discerned - जानना, देखना/पता लगाना

There was now visible a house or houses-for the building spread far-with many windows, and lights burning in some; we went up a broad pebbly path, splashing wet, and were admitted at a door; then the servant led me through a passage into a room with a fire, where she left me alone.

broad - विस्तृत

pebbly - कंकरीला

splashing - परछाई, (splash) परछाई

I stood and warmed my numbed fingers over the blaze, then I looked round; there was no candle, but the uncertain light from the hearth showed, by intervals, papered walls, carpet, curtains, shining mahogany furniture: it was a parlour, not so spacious or splendid as the drawing-room at Gateshead, but comfortable enough.

numbed - सुन्न हो जाना, स्तब्ध हो जाना

blaze - आग की ज्वाला

uncertain - अविश्वसनीय, अनिश्चित, अस्थिर

I was puzzling to make out the subject of a picture on the wall, when the door opened, and an individual carrying a light entered; another followed close behind.

puzzling - पेचीदा, (puzzle), पहेली, रहस्य

The first was a tall lady with dark hair, dark eyes, and a pale and large forehead; her figure was partly enveloped in a shawl, her countenance was grave, her bearing erect.

forehead - माथा, माथ, ललाट

enveloped - थैला, लिफ़ाफ़ा, एनवलप, लिफाफा

countenance - समर्थन, मुखाकृति, अनुमोदन करना

"The child is very young to be sent alone," said she, putting her candle down on the table. She considered me attentively for a minute or two, then further added-

attentively - ध्यानपूर्वक

"She had better be put to bed soon; she looks tired: are you tired?" she asked, placing her hand on my shoulder.

"A little, ma'am."

"And hungry too, no doubt: let her have some supper before she goes to bed, Miss Miller. Is this the first time you have left your parents to come to school, my little girl?"

miller - चक्कीवाला

I explained to her that I had no parents. She inquired how long they had been dead: then how old I was, what was my name, whether I could read, write, and sew a little: then she touched my cheek gently with her forefinger, and saying, "She hoped I should be a good child," dismissed me along with Miss Miller.

inquired - पूछना, पता लगाना, छानबीन करना

sew - सीना, सिलाई करना

gently - सावधानी से, शिष्टता से

forefinger - देशिनी, तर्जनी अँगुली, तर्जनी

dismissed - अस्वीकार करना, निकाल देना

The lady I had left might be about twenty-nine; the one who went with me appeared some years younger: the first impressed me by her voice, look, and air.

impressed - प्रभावित करना, प्रभाव डालना

Miss Miller was more ordinary; ruddy in complexion, though of a careworn countenance; hurried in gait and action, like one who had always a multiplicity of tasks on hand: she looked, indeed, what I afterwards found she really was, an under-teacher.

more ordinary - आम तौर पर

ruddy - रक्तिम, लोहित, सुर्ख

careworn - क्लांत, थका

gait - चाल

multiplicity - बहुलता, विविधता, अधिकता

Led by her, I passed from compartment to compartment, from passage to passage, of a large and irregular building; till, emerging from the total and somewhat dreary silence pervading that portion of the house we had traversed, we came upon the hum of many voices, and presently entered a wide, long room, with great deal tables, two at each end, on each of which burnt a pair of candles, and seated all round on benches, a congregation of girls of every age, from nine or ten to twenty. Seen by the dim light of the dips, their number to me appeared countless, though not in reality exceeding eighty; they were uniformly dressed in brown stuff frocks of quaint fashion, and long holland pinafores. It was the hour of study; they were engaged in conning over their to-morrow's task, and the hum I had heard was the combined result of their whispered repetitions.

compartment - डिब्बा

emerging - प्रकट होना, निकलना

pervading - व्याप्त होना, में व्याप्त होना

traversed - तय करना, पार करना, फैला होना

candles - बत्ती, शमा, ज्योतोर्मयता का एकक

benches - न्यायपीठ, न्यायाधीश, तख्त

congregation - जमात slam, जमाअत

dips - झुकाना, कम करना, निकालना, गिरना

countless - असंख्य, असंख्य/अनगणित, बीसों

exceeding - अधिक होना, पार कर जाना

uniformly - समरूप से, एकसमान

quaint - अजीब, अनुठा

conning - कॉनिंग, (con) कॉनिंग

morrow - अगला दिन, कल/अगला दिन

whispered - काना फूसी, कानाफूसी, सरसराहट

repetitions - पुनरावृत्ति, पुनर्कथन, आवृत्ति

Miss Miller signed to me to sit on a bench near the door, then walking up to the top of the long room she cried out-

Bench - बैंच

"Monitors, collect the lesson-books and put them away!"

Monitors - दर्शाना, निरीक्षण करना

Four tall girls arose from different tables, and going round, gathered the books and removed them. Miss Miller again gave the word of command-

arose from - से उठा

going round - घुम रहा है

"Monitors, fetch the supper-trays!"

trays - ट्रे

The tall girls went out and returned presently, each bearing a tray, with portions of something, I knew not what, arranged thereon, and a pitcher of water and mug in the middle of each tray. The portions were handed round; those who liked took a draught of the water, the mug being common to all.

portions - हिस्सा, भाग, खुराक, बाँट देना

thereon - उस पर

Pitcher - घडा, गेंद फेकने वल खिलड्ॅई

mug - प्याला

tray - ट्रे

handed round - घुसाया गया

draught - वायु का झोंका, झोंका, घूँट

When it came to my turn, I drank, for I was thirsty, but did not touch the food, excitement and fatigue rendering me incapable of eating: I now saw, however, that it was a thin oaten cake shared into fragments.

fatigue - थकान

rendering - प्रतिदान, व्याख्या, भाषांतर

oaten - ओटेन

fragments - टुकड़े टुकड़े होना

The meal over, prayers were read by Miss Miller, and the classes filed off, two and two, upstairs. Overpowered by this time with weariness, I scarcely noticed what sort of a place the bedroom was, except that, like the schoolroom, I saw it was very long.

filed off - फाइल्ड ऑफ

overpowered - पराजित करना, वश में करना

weariness - थकान, थकावट

schoolroom - स्कूल कक्ष

To-night I was to be Miss Miller's bed-fellow; she helped me to undress: when laid down I glanced at the long rows of beds, each of which was quickly filled with two occupants; in ten minutes the single light was extinguished, and amidst silence and complete darkness I fell asleep.

undress - कपड़े उतार्ना

rows - चलाना, झिड़की, पंक्ति, लगातार

occupants - सवारी, अधिभोक्ता/अधिवासी

extinguished - नष्ट करना, बुझा देना

amidst - के बीच

The night passed rapidly. I was too tired even to dream; I only once awoke to hear the wind rave in furious gusts, and the rain fall in torrents, and to be sensible that Miss Miller had taken her place by my side. When I again unclosed my eyes, a loud bell was ringing; the girls were up and dressing; day had not yet begun to dawn, and a rushlight or two burned in the room.

rave - अरबर बकना

gusts - झोंका, आनन्द, उमंग, आवेश

torrents - बौछार, मूसलाधार वर्षा

dawn - उषा, ऊषा, प्रभात, तड़का

rushlight - रशलाइट

I too rose reluctantly; it was bitter cold, and I dressed as well as I could for shivering, and washed when there was a basin at liberty, which did not occur soon, as there was but one basin to six girls, on the stands down the middle of the room.

reluctantly - अनिच्छा से, अनिच्छापूर्वक

shivering - काँपता हुआ, काँपता हुआ

Again the bell rang: all formed in file, two and two, and in that order descended the stairs and entered the cold and dimly lit schoolroom: here prayers were read by Miss Miller; afterwards she called out-

"Form classes!"

A great tumult succeeded for some minutes, during which Miss Miller repeatedly exclaimed, "Silence!" and "Order!" When it subsided, I saw them all drawn up in four semicircles, before four chairs, placed at the four tables; all held books in their hands, and a great book, like a Bible, lay on each table, before the vacant seat.

repeatedly - कई बार, बार बार, कई बार

semicircles - अर्धवृत्त

A pause of some seconds succeeded, filled up by the low, vague hum of numbers; Miss Miller walked from class to class, hushing this indefinite sound.

hushing - शान्ति, चुप करना, चुप करना

indefinite - अनिश्चित, संदेहास्पद

A distant bell tinkled: immediately three ladies entered the room, each walked to a table and took her seat. Miss Miller assumed the fourth vacant chair, which was that nearest the door, and around which the smallest of the children were assembled: to this inferior class I was called, and placed at the bottom of it.

tinkled - टनटनाहट, टनटनाना

assumed - समझना, रूप धारण करना, मानना

assembled - एकत्रित होना, जमा होना

inferior - छोटा, घटिया, तुच्छ, निम्न, अधीन

Business now began, the day's Collect was repeated, then certain texts of Scripture were said, and to these succeeded a protracted reading of chapters in the Bible, which lasted an hour. By the time that exercise was terminated, day had fully dawned.

Scripture - धर्मग्रंथ

protracted - लम्बा, लंबा

terminated - समाप्त करना, तक जाना

The indefatigable bell now sounded for the fourth time: the classes were marshalled and marched into another room to breakfast: how glad I was to behold a prospect of getting something to eat! I was now nearly sick from inanition, having taken so little the day before.

indefatigable - अथक/अश्रान्त, अथक

marshalled - तैयार रखना, मारशलअ

behold - निहारना

inanition - emptiness

The refectory was a great, low-ceiled, gloomy room; on two long tables smoked basins of something hot, which, however, to my dismay, sent forth an odour far from inviting. I saw a universal manifestation of discontent when the fumes of the repast met the nostrils of those destined to swallow it; from the van of the procession, the tall girls of the first class, rose the whispered words-

refectory - भोजनगृह, कॉलेज, कॉफीहाउस

gloomy - उदास, अंधकारमय, निराशजनक, दुखी

basins - नदी की घाटी, चिलमची

dismay - निराश करना, निराशा, त्रस्त

odour - गन्ध, बास

universal - सामान्य, मशीन का सर्वक्षम

manifestation - आविर्भाव, प्रत्यक्षीकरण

discontent - असंतोष

fumes - क्रोध करना, धुआँ छोड़ना

repast - भोज

nostrils - नासिका छिद्र, नासाद्वार, नथुना

swallow - निगलना, लीलना

procession - शोभायाट्रा, याट्रा का व्यक्ति

"Disgusting! The porridge is burnt again!"

porridge - दलिया, दलिया/रबडी

"Silence!" ejaculated a voice; not that of Miss Miller, but one of the upper teachers, a little and dark personage, smartly dressed, but of somewhat morose aspect, who installed herself at the top of one table, while a more buxom lady presided at the other.

personage - व्यक्ति, मान्य व्यक्ति

smartly - जोशीले ढंग से

morose - चिड़ पिड़ा/रूखा, चिड़चिड़ा

buxom - गोल मटोल, भारी वक्ष स्थल वाली

presided - संचालन करना, सभापति बनना

I looked in vain for her I had first seen the night before; she was not visible: Miss Miller occupied the foot of the table where I sat, and a strange, foreign-looking, elderly lady, the French teacher, as I afterwards found, took the corresponding seat at the other board. A long grace was said and a hymn sung; then a servant brought in some tea for the teachers, and the meal began.

elderly - बुज़ुर्ग

French teacher - फ्रेंच शिक्षक

corresponding - एकमत होना, मेल खाना, मेल खाना

Ravenous, and now very faint, I devoured a spoonful or two of my portion without thinking of its taste; but the first edge of hunger blunted, I perceived I had got in hand a nauseous mess; burnt porridge is almost as bad as rotten potatoes; famine itself soon sickens over it.

ravenous - क्षुधातुर, भुक्खड़, भूखा

faint - अस्पष्ट

devoured - नष्ट करना, खा जाना

spoonful - चम्मच, चम्मच भर

hunger - भूख

blunted - मुँहफट, भौंथरा

nauseous - घृणाजनक, घृणास्पद, उल्टी जैसा

rotten - सड़ा

famine - अकाल

sickens - तंग करना, चिढ़ पैदा करना

The spoons were moved slowly: I saw each girl taste her food and try to swallow it; but in most cases the effort was soon relinquished. Breakfast was over, and none had breakfasted. Thanks being returned for what we had not got, and a second hymn chanted, the refectory was evacuated for the schoolroom.

relinquished - छोड़ देना, त्यागना, हक़ त्याग

chanted - कीर्तन करना, राग अलापना, राग

evacuated - मलोत्सर्ग करना

I was one of the last to go out, and in passing the tables, I saw one teacher take a basin of the porridge and taste it; she looked at the others; all their countenances expressed displeasure, and one of them, the stout one, whispered-

countenances - समर्थन, मुखाकृति, अनुमोदन करना

displeasure - अप्रसन्नता

"Abominable stuff! How shameful!"

abominable - घटिया, नृशंस, भद्दा, घृणित

shameful - शर्मनाक

A quarter of an hour passed before lessons again began, during which the schoolroom was in a glorious tumult; for that space of time it seemed to be permitted to talk loud and more freely, and they used their privilege. The whole conversation ran on the breakfast, which one and all abused roundly. Poor things! it was the sole consolation they had.

glorious - शानदार, सुहावना, तेजस्वी

freely - स्वतंत्रतापूर्वक

roundly - साफ़ साफ़, ज़बर्दस्त तरीके से

sole - तलवा, तली

consolation - संतना

Miss Miller was now the only teacher in the room: a group of great girls standing about her spoke with serious and sullen gestures. I heard the name of Mr. Brocklehurst pronounced by some lips; at which Miss Miller shook her head disapprovingly; but she made no great effort to check the general wrath; doubtless she shared in it.

standing about - लगभग खड़े होना

gestures - मुद्रा, इशारा करना

disapprovingly - नापसंदगी से

wrath - क्रोध, ग़ुस्सा, रोष, ग़ज़ब

doubtless - असंदिग्ध, नीस्संदेह, निसन्देह

A clock in the schoolroom struck nine; Miss Miller left her circle, and standing in the middle of the room, cried-

"Silence! To your seats!"

Discipline prevailed: in five minutes the confused throng was resolved into order, and comparative silence quelled the Babel clamour of tongues. The upper teachers now punctually resumed their posts: but still, all seemed to wait.

prevailed - प्रचलित होना, जीत लेना

throng - भीड़ लगाना, भीड़, भीड़ करना

comparative - तुलनात्मक, अपेक्षाकृत

quelled - शांत, दबाना, दमन करना

babel - शोरगुल, कोलाहल/गड़बड़ी

clamour - कोलाहल

punctually - ठिक समय पर

resumed - फिर आरम्भ करना, सार

Ranged on benches down the sides of the room, the eighty girls sat motionless and erect; a quaint assemblage they appeared, all with plain locks combed from their faces, not a curl visible; in brown dresses, made high and surrounded by a narrow tucker about the throat, with little pockets of holland (shaped something like a Highlander's purse) tied in front of their frocks, and destined to serve the purpose of a work-bag: all, too, wearing woollen stockings and country-made shoes, fastened with brass buckles. Above twenty of those clad in this costume were full-grown girls, or rather young women; it suited them ill, and gave an air of oddity even to the prettiest.

motionless - स्थिर, अचल, गतिहीन, निःस्पंद

assemblage - जमाव, जमघट, एकत्रीकरण, संग्रह

surrounded - किनारा, भरा होना, चारों ओर होना

tucker - टांका लगाने वाला

Highlander - स्काटलैंड का

purse - पर्स, बटुआ

woollen - ऊनी वस्त्र, ऊनी, ऊन से बना हुआ

stockings - लंबा मोजा, संग्रहण, मोजा

brass - पीतल

buckles - झुकना, बकसुआ, झुका देना

oddity - विचित्रता, विषमता

I was still looking at them, and also at intervals examining the teachers-none of whom precisely pleased me; for the stout one was a little coarse, the dark one not a little fierce, the foreigner harsh and grotesque, and Miss Miller, poor thing!

precisely - शुद्ध रुप से, स्वभाववश

grotesque - विलक्षण, विकृत, भौंड़ा

looked purple, weather-beaten, and over-worked-when, as my eye wandered from face to face, the whole school rose simultaneously, as if moved by a common spring.

wandered - घुमावदार मार्ग से हो कर आगे बढ़ना

simultaneously - एक साथ

What was the matter? I had heard no order given: I was puzzled. Ere I had gathered my wits, the classes were again seated: but as all eyes were now turned to one point, mine followed the general direction, and encountered the personage who had received me last night.

wits - समझ, विवेक, वाकपटुता

encountered - सामना करना, मुठभेड़

She stood at the bottom of the long room, on the hearth; for there was a fire at each end; she surveyed the two rows of girls silently and gravely. Miss Miller approaching, seemed to ask her a question, and having received her answer, went back to her place, and said aloud-

silently - खामोशी से, चुपचाप

gravely - गंभीर भाव से, गंभीर भाव से

approaching - पद्धति, सन्निकर्ष, समीप आना

"Monitor of the first class, fetch the globes!"

monitor - मॉनिटर

globes - गोला, भूमण्ड़ल, पिंड

While the direction was being executed, the lady consulted moved slowly up the room. I suppose I have a considerable organ of veneration, for I retain yet the sense of admiring awe with which my eyes traced her steps.

consulted - विचार विमर्श करना, राय लेना

considerable - बहुत अधिक, महत्वपूर्ण, बहुत

organ - अंग, ऑर्गन

veneration - श्रद्धा, आदर

retain - रोकना, रहने देना, सुरक्षित रखना

awe - विस्मय, विस्मयाकुल कर देना

traced - सुराग, संकेत, अवशेष, कुछ, निशान

Seen now, in broad daylight, she looked tall, fair, and shapely; brown eyes with a benignant light in their irids, and a fine pencilling of long lashes round, relieved the whiteness of her large front; on each of her temples her hair, of a very dark brown, was clustered in round curls, according to the fashion of those times, when neither smooth bands nor long ringlets were in vogue; her dress, also in the mode of the day, was of purple cloth, relieved by a sort of Spanish trimming of black velvet; a gold watch (watches were not so common then as now) shone at her girdle. Let the reader add, to complete the picture, refined features; a complexion, if pale, clear; and a stately air and carriage, and he will have, at least, as clearly as words can give it, a correct idea of the exterior of Miss Temple-Maria Temple, as I afterwards saw the name written in a prayer-book intrusted to me to carry to church.

shapely - सुन्दर, सुडौल

lashes - टकराना, घूमना, फटकारना, बरौनी

whiteness - सफ़ेदी

temples - कनपटी, मोहरा, दिवगृह

ringlets - छल्ला

vogue - प्रचलन, लोकप्रियता

mode - तरीका

Spanish - स्पेनीय, स्पॅनिश, स्पैनिश

trimming - अलंकरण, अन्य सामग्री, कतरन

velvet - मख़मल

girdle - पेटी

refined - सुधारना, शुद्ध करना

stately - शानदार, प्रभावशाली, उत्कृष्ट

exterior - बाहरी, बाहर, बहिर्भाग, बाह्य रूप

The superintendent of Lowood (for such was this lady) having taken her seat before a pair of globes placed on one of the tables, summoned the first class round her, and commenced giving a lesson on geography; the lower classes were called by the teachers: repetitions in history, grammar, &c.

commenced - शुरू करना, शुरू करना

lower classes - निम्न वर्ग

Grammar - व्याकरण, ब्याकरण

, went on for an hour; writing and arithmetic succeeded, and music lessons were given by Miss Temple to some of the elder girls. The duration of each lesson was measured by the clock, which at last struck twelve. The superintendent rose-

Arithmetic - अंकगणित

duration - अवधि, कालावधि

"I have a word to address to the pupils," said she.

The tumult of cessation from lessons was already breaking forth, but it sank at her voice. She went on-

"You had this morning a breakfast which you could not eat; you must be hungry:-I have ordered that a lunch of bread and cheese shall be served to all."

The teachers looked at her with a sort of surprise.

"It is to be done on my responsibility," she added, in an explanatory tone to them, and immediately afterwards left the room.

explanatory - व्याख्यात्मक, बोधक

The bread and cheese was presently brought in and distributed, to the high delight and refreshment of the whole school. The order was now given "To the garden!" Each put on a coarse straw bonnet, with strings of coloured calico, and a cloak of grey frieze. I was similarly equipped, and, following the stream, I made my way into the open air.

distributed - फैलना, वितरण करना, वितरण करना

refreshment - ताज़गी, जलपान, अल्पाहार जलपान

straw - पुआल, तिनका

calico - छींट, छीँट

cloak - चोग़ा

frieze - दिवार के बॉर्डर पर चित्र

equipped - समर्थ बनाना, समर्थ बनाना

stream - नदी, रूद

open air - आउटडोर स्पेस

The garden was a wide inclosure, surrounded with walls so high as to exclude every glimpse of prospect; a covered verandah ran down one side, and broad walks bordered a middle space divided into scores of little beds: these beds were assigned as gardens for the pupils to cultivate, and each bed had an owner.

inclosure - संलग्न पत्र

Glimpse - झलक, झाँकी

verandah - बरामदा

assigned - निश्चित करना, देना

cultivate - करना, तैयार करना, तैयार करना

When full of flowers they would doubtless look pretty; but now, at the latter end of January, all was wintry blight and brown decay. I shuddered as I stood and looked round me: it was an inclement day for outdoor exercise; not positively rainy, but darkened by a drizzling yellow fog; all under foot was still soaking wet with the floods of yesterday.

wintry - शीत ऋतु का, शीतकालीन

blight - विनाश करना, अभिशाप

decay - खराब करना, ख़राब होना, विकार

shuddered - हिलना, रोंगटे खड़े कर देना

inclement - तेज़

positively - निश्चित रूप से, निश्चित रुप से

rainy - बरसाती

drizzling - बूंदा बांदी होना, बूंदा बांदी

Fog - कोहरा

soaking - डुबकी, पूरी तरह से भीगा हुआ

The stronger among the girls ran about and engaged in active games, but sundry pale and thin ones herded together for shelter and warmth in the verandah; and amongst these, as the dense mist penetrated to their shivering frames, I heard frequently the sound of a hollow cough.

sundry - विभिन्न, विविध

herded - झुंड, पशुओं का झुण्ड

penetrated - समझना, घुसना, काम करना

cough - खांसना

As yet I had spoken to no one, nor did anybody seem to take notice of me; I stood lonely enough: but to that feeling of isolation I was accustomed; it did not oppress me much.

isolation - सितारा मछली, एकांत, अलगाव

oppress - दमन करना, दमन करना

I leant against a pillar of the verandah, drew my grey mantle close about me, and, trying to forget the cold which nipped me without, and the unsatisfied hunger which gnawed me within, delivered myself up to the employment of watching and thinking.

leant - टेक लग्ना, ब्ंजर, सहारे रखना

mantle - प्रावरक, आच्छादित करना, आवरण

unsatisfied - असंतुष्ट, अपरितृप्त, सशंकित

gnawed - कुतरना

My reflections were too undefined and fragmentary to merit record: I hardly yet knew where I was; Gateshead and my past life seemed floated away to an immeasurable distance; the present was vague and strange, and of the future I could form no conjecture.

undefined - अनिश्चित, अपरिभाषित

fragmentary - खंडित, छोटे छोटे{टुकड़ों में}

merit - क़द्र

past life - पिछले जीवन

floated - धारा के साथ बहना, प्रवहमान रहना

immeasurable - अपरिमित

I looked round the convent-like garden, and then up at the house-a large building, half of which seemed grey and old, the other half quite new. The new part, containing the schoolroom and dormitory, was lit by mullioned and latticed windows, which gave it a church-like aspect; a stone tablet over the door bore this inscription:-

convent - कान्वेंट, महिला मठ, आश्रम

dormitory - शयनशाला, शयनगृह

mullioned - बिचला छड़

latticed - जाली, झँझरी

inscription - शिलालेख

"Lowood Institution.-This portion was rebuilt A.D. ---, by Naomi Brocklehurst, of Brocklehurst Hall, in this county." "Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven."-St. Matt. v. 16.

Institution - संस्थान, संसथा भवन, संस्थापन

rebuilt - पुनर्निर्माण करना, फिर बनाना

county - काउण्टी

glorify - गौरवान्वित करना, गुणगान करना

Matt - निष्प्रभ, चमकरहित

I read these words over and over again: I felt that an explanation belonged to them, and was unable fully to penetrate their import. I was still pondering the signification of "Institution," and endeavouring to make out a connection between the first words and the verse of Scripture, when the sound of a cough close behind me made me turn my head.

pondering - विचार करना

signification - अर्थ

I saw a girl sitting on a stone bench near; she was bent over a book, on the perusal of which she seemed intent: from where I stood I could see the title-it was "Rasselas;" a name that struck me as strange, and consequently attractive. In turning a leaf she happened to look up, and I said to her directly-

perusal - पढ़ना

intent - स्थिर, डूबा, उद्देश्य, लीन

"Is your book interesting?" I had already formed the intention of asking her to lend it to me some day.

"I like it," she answered, after a pause of a second or two, during which she examined me.

"What is it about?" I continued. I hardly know where I found the hardihood thus to open a conversation with a stranger; the step was contrary to my nature and habits: but I think her occupation touched a chord of sympathy somewhere; for I too liked reading, though of a frivolous and childish kind; I could not digest or comprehend the serious or substantial.

hardihood - साहस

chord - स्वरसंघात, डोरी, तार

sympathy - संवेदना, सहमति, सहानुभूति

frivolous - तुच्छ, हल्का

childish - बचकाना, लड़कपन की सी

digest - पचाना, (dig) पचाना

comprehend - समझना, समाविष्ट करना

substantial - वास्तविक, बहुत अधिक, संतोषजनक

"You may look at it," replied the girl, offering me the book.

I did so; a brief examination convinced me that the contents were less taking than the title: "Rasselas" looked dull to my trifling taste; I saw nothing about fairies, nothing about genii; no bright variety seemed spread over the closely-printed pages.

examination - परीक्षण

trifling - तुच्छ, छोटी, (trifle) तुच्छ

fairies - परी, सुन्दर, समलैंगिक पुरुष

genii - प्रतिभा, प्रवीण, निपुण

I returned it to her; she received it quietly, and without saying anything she was about to relapse into her former studious mood: again I ventured to disturb her-

relapse - पुनः पतन होना, पुनः पतन

former - भूतपूर्व

studious - अध्ययनशील, पढ़ाकू, सतर्कतापूर्ण

"Can you tell me what the writing on that stone over the door means? What is Lowood Institution?"

"This house where you are come to live."

"And why do they call it Institution? Is it in any way different from other schools?"

"It is partly a charity-school: you and I, and all the rest of us, are charity-children. I suppose you are an orphan: are not either your father or your mother dead?"

"Both died before I can remember."

"Well, all the girls here have lost either one or both parents, and this is called an institution for educating orphans."

Orphans - अनाथ करना, अनाथ, यतीम

"Do we pay no money? Do they keep us for nothing?"

"We pay, or our friends pay, fifteen pounds a year for each."

"Then why do they call us charity-children?"

"Because fifteen pounds is not enough for board and teaching, and the deficiency is supplied by subscription."

deficiency - कमी, दोष

subscription - चंदा, शुल्क, चंदा/अंशदान

"Who subscribes?"

subscribes - चंदा देना, का ग्राहक होना

"Different benevolent-minded ladies and gentlemen in this neighbourhood and in London."

benevolent - हितकारी, दयालु, उदार, परोपकारी

"Who was Naomi Brocklehurst?"

"The lady who built the new part of this house as that tablet records, and whose son overlooks and directs everything here."

overlooks - के उपर से दिखना, अन्देकी करना


"Because he is treasurer and manager of the establishment."

treasurer - कोषाद्यक्ष, कोषाध्यक्ष, खज़ांची

"Then this house does not belong to that tall lady who wears a watch, and who said we were to have some bread and cheese?"

"To Miss Temple? Oh, no! I wish it did: she has to answer to Mr. Brocklehurst for all she does. Mr. Brocklehurst buys all our food and all our clothes."

"Does he live here?"

"No-two miles off, at a large hall."

"Is he a good man?"

"He is a clergyman, and is said to do a great deal of good."

"Did you say that tall lady was called Miss Temple?"


"And what are the other teachers called?"

"The one with red cheeks is called Miss Smith; she attends to the work, and cuts out-for we make our own clothes, our frocks, and pelisses, and everything; the little one with black hair is Miss Scatcherd; she teaches history and grammar, and hears the second class repetitions; and the one who wears a shawl, and has a pocket-handkerchief tied to her side with a yellow ribband, is Madame Pierrot: she comes from Lisle, in France, and teaches French."

Smith - लोहार r=lohār

second class - दूसरी कक्षा

handkerchief - रूमाल

ribband - रिबैंड

Pierrot - भाँड

Lisle - हिंदी में अनुवाद करें

"Do you like the teachers?"

"Well enough."

"Do you like the little black one, and the Madame ---?-I cannot pronounce her name as you do."

"Miss Scatcherd is hasty-you must take care not to offend her; Madame Pierrot is not a bad sort of person."

"But Miss Temple is the best-isn't she?"

"Miss Temple is very good and very clever; she is above the rest, because she knows far more than they do."

"Have you been long here?"

"Two years."

"Are you an orphan?"

"My mother is dead."

"Are you happy here?"

"You ask rather too many questions. I have given you answers enough for the present: now I want to read."

But at that moment the summons sounded for dinner; all re-entered the house. The odour which now filled the refectory was scarcely more appetising than that which had regaled our nostrils at breakfast: the dinner was served in two huge tin-plated vessels, whence rose a strong steam redolent of rancid fat.

summons - सम्मन, आह्वाहन पत्र, बुलावा

appetising - भूखवर्धक

regaled - राजसी, शाही, वैभवपूर्ण राजकीय

vessels - नस, नलिका, बर्तन, पोत, जलयान

whence - कहाँ से

steam - टीम

redolent - सुगंधित, सूचक, द्योतक, सुगन्धित

rancid - खट्टा, बासी, विकृतगंधी

I found the mess to consist of indifferent potatoes and strange shreds of rusty meat, mixed and cooked together. Of this preparation a tolerably abundant plateful was apportioned to each pupil. I ate what I could, and wondered within myself whether every day's fare would be like this.

rusty - पुराना, जंग लगा, मंद

tolerably - ठीक ठाक, कामचलाऊ ढंग से

abundant - बहुत, प्रचुर

plateful - प्लेट, प्लेट भर

apportioned - विभाजित करना, संविभाजित करना

fare - किराया

After dinner, we immediately adjourned to the schoolroom: lessons recommenced, and were continued till five o'clock.

adjourned - स्थानांतरितना, स्थगित करना

recommenced - फिर से आरम्भ करना, शुरू करना

The only marked event of the afternoon was, that I saw the girl with whom I had conversed in the verandah dismissed in disgrace by Miss Scatcherd from a history class, and sent to stand in the middle of the large schoolroom. The punishment seemed to me in a high degree ignominious, especially for so great a girl-she looked thirteen or upwards.

conversed - विपरीत, वार्तालाप करना

disgrace - अपमान

ignominious - अपकीर्तिकर, निन्द्य

upwards - ऊपर का, ऊपर, महँगाई की ओर

I expected she would show signs of great distress and shame; but to my surprise she neither wept nor blushed: composed, though grave, she stood, the central mark of all eyes. "How can she bear it so quietly-so firmly?" I asked of myself. "Were I in her place, it seems to me I should wish the earth to open and swallow me up.

wept - बहना, रोना, विलाप करना, रोदन

blushed - शरम आना, लज्जा, शरमाना

composed - लिखना, बनाना, शान्त करना, रचना

she bear - वाघ भालू

firmly - मज़बूती से, मज़बूती से

She looks as if she were thinking of something beyond her punishment-beyond her situation: of something not round her nor before her. I have heard of day-dreams-is she in a day-dream now? Her eyes are fixed on the floor, but I am sure they do not see it-her sight seems turned in, gone down into her heart: she is looking at what she can remember, I believe; not at what is really present.

I wonder what sort of a girl she is-whether good or naughty."

Soon after five p.m. we had another meal, consisting of a small mug of coffee, and half-a-slice of brown bread. I devoured my bread and drank my coffee with relish; but I should have been glad of as much more-I was still hungry. Half-an-hour's recreation succeeded, then study; then the glass of water and the piece of oat-cake, prayers, and bed. Such was my first day at Lowood.

brown bread - भैंस ब्रेड

relish - स्वाद, जोश, उत्साह, मजा लेना

been glad - खुश होना

recreation - मनबहलाव, मनोरंजन, विश्राम, विहार

oat - जई


The next day commenced as before, getting up and dressing by rushlight; but this morning we were obliged to dispense with the ceremony of washing; the water in the pitchers was frozen.

dispense with - छोड़ देना

pitchers - घडा, गेंद फेकने वल खिलड्ॅई

A change had taken place in the weather the preceding evening, and a keen north-east wind, whistling through the crevices of our bedroom windows all night long, had made us shiver in our beds, and turned the contents of the ewers to ice.

preceding - आगे करना, आगे करना

whistling - सीटी, (whistle), सीटी

crevices - दरार

shiver - कांपना, सिहरना

ewers - घड़ा

Before the long hour and a half of prayers and Bible-reading was over, I felt ready to perish with cold. Breakfast-time came at last, and this morning the porridge was not burnt; the quality was eatable, the quantity small. How small my portion seemed! I wished it had been doubled.

perish - खत्म हो जाना, मरना, मर जाना

eatable - खाने योग्य, आहार, खाद्य/भक्ष्य

In the course of the day I was enrolled a member of the fourth class, and regular tasks and occupations were assigned me: hitherto, I had only been a spectator of the proceedings at Lowood; I was now to become an actor therein.

enrolled - नाम लिखाना

occupations - आक्रमण, धंधा, अधिकार, वास

spectator - दर्शक

Therein - उसमे

At first, being little accustomed to learn by heart, the lessons appeared to me both long and difficult; the frequent change from task to task, too, bewildered me; and I was glad when, about three o'clock in the afternoon, Miss Smith put into my hands a border of muslin two yards long, together with needle, thimble, &c.

, and sent me to sit in a quiet corner of the schoolroom, with directions to hem the same.

hem - किनारा

At that hour most of the others were sewing likewise; but one class still stood round Miss Scatcherd's chair reading, and as all was quiet, the subject of their lessons could be heard, together with the manner in which each girl acquitted herself, and the animadversions or commendations of Miss Scatcherd on the performance.

acquitted - बरी करना, प्रस्तुत करना

animadversions - निंदा

commendations - प्रशंसा, सराहना, प्रशस्ति

It was English history: among the readers I observed my acquaintance of the verandah: at the commencement of the lesson, her place had been at the top of the class, but for some error of pronunciation, or some inattention to stops, she was suddenly sent to the very bottom.

acquaintance - ज्ञान, पहचान, परिचित, परिचय

commencement - शुरुआत, आरम्भ, प्रक्रम

pronunciation - उच्चारण

inattention - लापरवाही, उपेक्षा

Even in that obscure position, Miss Scatcherd continued to make her an object of constant notice: she was continually addressing to her such phrases as the following:-

constant - स्थिरांक

"Burns" (such it seems was her name: the girls here were all called by their surnames, as boys are elsewhere), "Burns, you are standing on the side of your shoe; turn your toes out immediately." "Burns, you poke your chin most unpleasantly; draw it in." "Burns, I insist on your holding your head up; I will not have you before me in that attitude," &c. &c.

surnames - कुलनाम, कुल नाम

elsewhere - और कहीं, अन्यत्र, अनत

poke - ढकेलना

unpleasantly - अरूचिकर ढंग से, अरूचिकर ढंग से

insist - अड़े रहना, जोर डालना, दृढ़ रहना

A chapter having been read through twice, the books were closed and the girls examined. The lesson had comprised part of the reign of Charles I.

comprised - समाविष्ट करना, सम्मिलित करना

reign - शासन, आधिपत्य करना, शासन करना

Charles - given name

, and there were sundry questions about tonnage and poundage and ship-money, which most of them appeared unable to answer; still, every little difficulty was solved instantly when it reached Burns: her memory seemed to have retained the substance of the whole lesson, and she was ready with answers on every point.

tonnage - जहाज महसूल, टनभार, टनमान

poundage - प्रति पाउण्ड शुल्क, कुर्की

retained - रोकना, रहने देना, सुरक्षित रखना

I kept expecting that Miss Scatcherd would praise her attention; but, instead of that, she suddenly cried out-

Praise - तारीफ़, प्रशंसा, स्तुति, सिफत

"You dirty, disagreeable girl! you have never cleaned your nails this morning!"

Burns made no answer: I wondered at her silence. "Why," thought I, "does she not explain that she could neither clean her nails nor wash her face, as the water was frozen?"

My attention was now called off by Miss Smith desiring me to hold a skein of thread: while she was winding it, she talked to me from time to time, asking whether I had ever been at school before, whether I could mark, stitch, knit, &c.; till she dismissed me, I could not pursue my observations on Miss Scatcherd's movements.

called off - रद्द कर दिया

desiring - इच्छा, चाहना, तृष्णा

skein - लच्छा, लच्छी

thread - धागा, सूत, सूत्र, तंत

winding - घुमावदार, घुमाव, चक्कर

stitch - टांका, तोपा

knit - बुनना

pursue - पाने की कोशिश करना, लगे रहना

observations - विचार, कथन, देखरेख, निरख/अवलोकन

When I returned to my seat, that lady was just delivering an order of which I did not catch the import; but Burns immediately left the class, and going into the small inner room where the books were kept, returned in half a minute, carrying in her hand a bundle of twigs tied together at one end.

bundle - गठरी, गड्डी

This ominous tool she presented to Miss Scatcherd with a respectful curtesy; then she quietly, and without being told, unloosed her pinafore, and the teacher instantly and sharply inflicted on her neck a dozen strokes with the bunch of twigs.

ominous - अनिष्टसूचक, अपशगुन, अशुभसूचक

respectful - विनीत, आदरपुर्ण, भध्र

curtesy - सम्मान

unloosed - ढीला करना, मुक्त करना

dozen - दर्जन

strokes - प्रहार करना, अघात, प्रहार, चरण

bunch - समूह, ढेर, गुच्छा

Not a tear rose to Burns'eye; and, while I paused from my sewing, because my fingers quivered at this spectacle with a sentiment of unavailing and impotent anger, not a feature of her pensive face altered its ordinary expression.

unavailing - व्यर्थ, निष्फल, असफल

pensive - विचारमग्न, विषण्ण, विषादग्रस्त

altered - बदल देना, बदल जाना

"Hardened girl!" exclaimed Miss Scatcherd; "nothing can correct you of your slatternly habits: carry the rod away."

hardened - द्र्ढ बन्ना, पक्का बन्ना

slatternly - फूहड़

rod - दण्ड, दंड, जाति, बेंत, प्रभुत्व

Burns obeyed: I looked at her narrowly as she emerged from the book-closet; she was just putting back her handkerchief into her pocket, and the trace of a tear glistened on her thin cheek.

narrowly - बारीकी से, ज़रा सा, ज़रा सा

emerged - प्रकट होना, निकलना

putting back - वापस रखना

trace - निशान

glistened - चमकना

The play-hour in the evening I thought the pleasantest fraction of the day at Lowood: the bit of bread, the draught of coffee swallowed at five o'clock had revived vitality, if it had not satisfied hunger: the long restraint of the day was slackened; the schoolroom felt warmer than in the morning-its fires being allowed to burn a little more brightly, to supply, in some measure, the place of candles, not yet introduced: the ruddy gloaming, the licensed uproar, the confusion of many voices gave one a welcome sense of liberty.

fraction - भिन्न

swallowed - निगल लेना, समाप्त करना, दबाना

revived - पुनः उत्पन्न करना

vitality - उत्साह, प्राणशक्ति, जीवनक्षमता

satisfied - शांत करना, आपूर्ति करना

restraint - संयम, अवरोध, रोक, प्रतिबंध

slackened - कम करना, घटाना, धीमा करना

gloaming - संध्या काल, गोधुलि

licensed - स्वच्छंदता, लाइसेंस

uproar - ख़ुराफ़ात, बवाल, हल्ला, कोलाहल

confusion - गड़बड़

On the evening of the day on which I had seen Miss Scatcherd flog her pupil, Burns, I wandered as usual among the forms and tables and laughing groups without a companion, yet not feeling lonely: when I passed the windows, I now and then lifted a blind, and looked out; it snowed fast, a drift was already forming against the lower panes; putting my ear close to the window, I could distinguish from the gleeful tumult within, the disconsolate moan of the wind outside.

flog - कोड़े मारना

companion - साथी

drift - बहना, ढेर, धारा, अभिप्राय

distinguish - अलग करना, पहचानना, पहचान्ना

gleeful - मुदित

disconsolate - निराश

moan - कराहना, शिकायत करना, शोक करना

Probably, if I had lately left a good home and kind parents, this would have been the hour when I should most keenly have regretted the separation; that wind would then have saddened my heart; this obscure chaos would have disturbed my peace!

lately - हाल में, हाल ही में

keenly - उत्सुकता से

chaos - अव्यवस्था, कोलाहल, विशृंखलता

as it was, I derived from both a strange excitement, and reckless and feverish, I wished the wind to howl more wildly, the gloom to deepen to darkness, and the confusion to rise to clamour.

derived - उत्पन्न होना, प्राप्त करना

reckless - लापरवाह, असावधान, अविचारी

feverish - उत्तेजित, ज्वरजन्य

howl - चिल्लाना, चिल्लाहट

deepen - गहराना, गहरा हो जाना, गहरा होना

jumping over forms, and creeping under tables, I made my way to one of the fire-places; there, kneeling by the high wire fender, I found Burns, absorbed, silent, abstracted from all round her by the companionship of a book, which she read by the dim glare of the embers.

jumping over - कूद कर उड़ना

creeping - जाना, डर, छिपकर घुसना, घुसना

kneeling - कुंठना, (kneel) कुंठना

high wire - उच्च तार

Fender - आघात से बचाव

absorbed - कम करना, अवशोषण करना

abstracted - निकालना, निकाल देना

companionship - साथ, संगति

"Is it still 'Rasselas'?" I asked, coming behind her.

"Yes," she said, "and I have just finished it."

And in five minutes more she shut it up. I was glad of this. "Now," thought I, "I can perhaps get her to talk." I sat down by her on the floor.

"What is your name besides Burns?"


Helen - (Greek mythology) the daughter of Zeus and Leda

"Do you come a long way from here?"

"I come from a place farther north, quite on the borders of Scotland."

Scotland - स्कौटलैंड

"Will you ever go back?"

"I hope so; but nobody can be sure of the future."

"You must wish to leave Lowood?"

"No! why should I? I was sent to Lowood to get an education; and it would be of no use going away until I have attained that object."

"But that teacher, Miss Scatcherd, is so cruel to you?"

"Cruel? Not at all! She is severe: she dislikes my faults."

"And if I were in your place I should dislike her; I should resist her. If she struck me with that rod, I should get it from her hand; I should break it under her nose."

resist - विरोध करना

"Probably you would do nothing of the sort: but if you did, Mr. Brocklehurst would expel you from the school; that would be a great grief to your relations. It is far better to endure patiently a smart which nobody feels but yourself, than to commit a hasty action whose evil consequences will extend to all connected with you; and besides, the Bible bids us return good for evil."

expel - निकालना, निकाल बाहर करना

patiently - धैर्यपूर्वक

extend - फैलना, फैलाना, देना, बढ़ाना

bids - दाम, प्रयास, आमंट्रित करना

"But then it seems disgraceful to be flogged, and to be sent to stand in the middle of a room full of people; and you are such a great girl: I am far younger than you, and I could not bear it."

disgraceful - शर्मनाक, लज्जाजनक, लज्जाप्रद

flogged - बेचना, कोड़े लगाना

"Yet it would be your duty to bear it, if you could not avoid it: it is weak and silly to say you cannot bear what it is your fate to be required to bear."

fate - क़िस्मत, किस्मत, नसीब, तक़दीर

I heard her with wonder: I could not comprehend this doctrine of endurance; and still less could I understand or sympathise with the forbearance she expressed for her chastiser. Still I felt that Helen Burns considered things by a light invisible to my eyes. I suspected she might be right and I wrong; but I would not ponder the matter deeply; like Felix, I put it off to a more convenient season.

doctrine - मत, वाद

forbearance - धैर्य, सहिष्णुता

chastiser - दंडित करना

suspected - समझना, लगना, क्षतिग्रस्त

ponder - विचार करना

deeply - बहुत अधिक, बहुत अधिक, बहुत ही

"You say you have faults, Helen: what are they? To me you seem very good."

"Then learn from me, not to judge by appearances: I am, as Miss Scatcherd said, slatternly; I seldom put, and never keep, things, in order; I am careless; I forget rules; I read when I should learn my lessons; I have no method; and sometimes I say, like you, I cannot bear to be subjected to systematic arrangements.

systematic - सुनियोजित, नियमित, सुव्यवस्थित

This is all very provoking to Miss Scatcherd, who is naturally neat, punctual, and particular."

neat - स्वच्छ, साफ

punctual - समयनिष्ठ, समयनिष्ट, पाबंद

"And cross and cruel," I added; but Helen Burns would not admit my addition: she kept silence.

"Is Miss Temple as severe to you as Miss Scatcherd?"

At the utterance of Miss Temple's name, a soft smile flitted over her grave face.

flitted - भाग जाना, मँडराना, इधर उधर उड़ना

"Miss Temple is full of goodness; it pains her to be severe to any one, even the worst in the school: she sees my errors, and tells me of them gently; and, if I do anything worthy of praise, she gives me my meed liberally.

goodness - गुण, भगवान, दयालुता

meed - मीड

liberally - उदारतापूर्वक

One strong proof of my wretchedly defective nature is, that even her expostulations, so mild, so rational, have not influence to cure me of my faults; and even her praise, though I value it most highly, cannot stimulate me to continued care and foresight."

wretchedly - दयनीय भाव से, दुखी हो कर

defective - त्रुटिपूर्ण, खराब

expostulations - उलाहना

rational - तार्किक

cure - बेहतर करना

stimulate - उत्तेजित करना, प्रोत्साहित करना

foresight - दूरदृष्टि, अग्रदृष्टि

"That is curious," said I, "it is so easy to be careful."

Curious - जिज्ञासु

"For you I have no doubt it is. I observed you in your class this morning, and saw you were closely attentive: your thoughts never seemed to wander while Miss Miller explained the lesson and questioned you.

attentive - सतर्क, अवधानी

wander - भटकना, घूमना

Now, mine continually rove away; when I should be listening to Miss Scatcherd, and collecting all she says with assiduity, often I lose the very sound of her voice; I fall into a sort of dream.

rove - घूमना, (reeve) घूमना

assiduity - परिश्रम, लगन

Sometimes I think I am in Northumberland, and that the noises I hear round me are the bubbling of a little brook which runs through Deepden, near our house;-then, when it comes to my turn to reply, I have to be awakened; and having heard nothing of what was read for listening to the visionary brook, I have no answer ready."

brook - छोटी नदी

awakened - उठाना, जगाना, जागना

"Yet how well you replied this afternoon."

"It was mere chance; the subject on which we had been reading had interested me. This afternoon, instead of dreaming of Deepden, I was wondering how a man who wished to do right could act so unjustly and unwisely as Charles the First sometimes did; and I thought what a pity it was that, with his integrity and conscientiousness, he could see no farther than the prerogatives of the crown.

unjustly - अन्यायपूर्ण ढंग से

unwisely - अविवेकपूर्ण ढंग से

integrity - सत्यनिष्ठा, अखंडता, ईमानदारी

conscientiousness - कर्तव्यनिष्ठा

prerogatives - विशेष अधिकार, विशेषाधिकार

If he had but been able to look to a distance, and see how what they call the spirit of the age was tending! Still, I like Charles-I respect him-I pity him, poor murdered king! Yes, his enemies were the worst: they shed blood they had no right to shed. How dared they kill him!"

shed blood - रक्त

Helen was talking to herself now: she had forgotten I could not very well understand her-that I was ignorant, or nearly so, of the subject she discussed. I recalled her to my level.

ignorant - अनभिज्ञ, अनपढ, अज्ञानि

recalled - स्मरण, वापस लेना, वापस बुलाना

"And when Miss Temple teaches you, do your thoughts wander then?"

"No, certainly, not often; because Miss Temple has generally something to say which is newer than my own reflections; her language is singularly agreeable to me, and the information she communicates is often just what I wished to gain."

singularly - एकदम ही, विशिष्ट रूप से

gain - प्राप्त होना

"Well, then, with Miss Temple you are good?"

"Yes, in a passive way: I make no effort; I follow as inclination guides me. There is no merit in such goodness."

passive - कर्मवाच्य, निष्क्रीय, कर्मप्रधन

"A great deal: you are good to those who are good to you. It is all I ever desire to be. If people were always kind and obedient to those who are cruel and unjust, the wicked people would have it all their own way: they would never feel afraid, and so they would never alter, but would grow worse and worse.

alter - बदल देना

When we are struck at without a reason, we should strike back again very hard; I am sure we should-so hard as to teach the person who struck us never to do it again."

strike back - प्रतिशोध करें

"You will change your mind, I hope, when you grow older: as yet you are but a little untaught girl."

untaught - भुला देना, सिखलाई नष्ट करना

"But I feel this, Helen; I must dislike those who, whatever I do to please them, persist in disliking me; I must resist those who punish me unjustly. It is as natural as that I should love those who show me affection, or submit to punishment when I feel it is deserved."

persist - डटे रहना, बना रहना, डटे रहना

resist - प्रतिरोध करना

punish me - मुझे सजा दो

submit - प्रस्तुत करें

deserved - योग्य होना, पात्र होना

"Heathens and savage tribes hold that doctrine, but Christians and civilised nations disown it."

Heathens - असभ्य व्यक्ति, नास्तिक

tribes - वर्ग, जाति, समुदाय

Christians - ईसाई धर्म संबंधी

civilised - शिष्ट, सभ्य, शिक्षित

disown - परित्याग करना, अंगीकार न करना

"How? I don't understand."

I don't understand - मुझे समझ नहीं आता है

"It is not violence that best overcomes hate-nor vengeance that most certainly heals injury."

overcomes - हराना, पराजित करना

heals - भरना, स्वस्थ होना

"What then?"

"Read the New Testament, and observe what Christ says, and how He acts; make His word your rule, and His conduct your example."

Testament - वसीयत

observe - अनुपालन करना, कहना, देखना

"What does He say?"

"Love your enemies; bless them that curse you; do good to them that hate you and despitefully use you."

bless - आशीर्वाद देना

curse - शाप देना

"Then I should love Mrs. Reed, which I cannot do; I should bless her son John, which is impossible."

In her turn, Helen Burns asked me to explain, and I proceeded forthwith to pour out, in my own way, the tale of my sufferings and resentments. Bitter and truculent when excited, I spoke as I felt, without reserve or softening.

forthwith - तुरन्त, अविलंब, तत्क्षण, फौरन

pour out - निकाल दें

sufferings - पीड़ा, अत्यंत दुखी, कष्ट, दुःख

resentments - क्रोध, विद्वेष, नाराज़ग्

truculent - उग्र, लडाका

reserve - संचय, अलग छोड़ देना, प्रतिबंध

softening - नमीना, (soften) नमीना

Helen heard me patiently to the end: I expected she would then make a remark, but she said nothing.

"Well," I asked impatiently, "is not Mrs. Reed a hard-hearted, bad woman?"

impatiently - अधीरतापूर्वक, अधीरत से

"She has been unkind to you, no doubt; because you see, she dislikes your cast of character, as Miss Scatcherd does mine; but how minutely you remember all she has done and said to you! What a singularly deep impression her injustice seems to have made on your heart! No ill-usage so brands its record on my feelings.

unkind - निर्दयी

minutely - बारीकी से, सूक्ष्मता

injustice - जफा, अन्याय

usage - खपत, उपयोग

Would you not be happier if you tried to forget her severity, together with the passionate emotions it excited? Life appears to me too short to be spent in nursing animosity or registering wrongs.

severity - कठोरता, कठिनाई, उग्रता, जड़ता

animosity - द्वेष, दुश्मनी की भावना, बैर

registering - बताना, प्रकट करना

We are, and must be, one and all, burdened with faults in this world: but the time will soon come when, I trust, we shall put them off in putting off our corruptible bodies; when debasement and sin will fall from us with this cumbrous frame of flesh, and only the spark of the spirit will remain,-the impalpable principle of light and thought, pure as when it left the Creator to inspire the creature: whence it came it will return; perhaps again to be communicated to some being higher than man-perhaps to pass through gradations of glory, from the pale human soul to brighten to the seraph! Surely it will never, on the contrary, be suffered to degenerate from man to fiend? No; I cannot believe that: I hold another creed: which no one ever taught me, and which I seldom mention; but in which I delight, and to which I cling: for it extends hope to all: it makes Eternity a rest-a mighty home, not a terror and an abyss. Besides, with this creed, I can so clearly distinguish between the criminal and his crime; I can so sincerely forgive the first while I abhor the last: with this creed revenge never worries my heart, degradation never too deeply disgusts me, injustice never crushes me too low: I live in calm, looking to the end."

burdened - कष्ट देना, पर भार डालना, भार

putting off - स्थगित करना

corruptible - भ्रष्टणीय

debasement - The act of debasing or the state of being debased

sin - अपराध, पाप, पाप करना

cumbrous - भारी

impalpable - दुर्बोध, न समझने योग्य

pure - शुद्ध

creator - करतार, सिरजनहार, रब, वाहेगुरु

inspire - उत्पन्न होना, प्रेरित करना

creature - जंतु, प्राणी, जानवर, मख़्लूक़

gradations - वर्गीकरण, क्रमस्थापन, अश्वश्रुति

glory - यश, शान

human soul - मानव आत्मा

brighten - प्रसन्न होना, चमकना

seraph - देवदूत, सेराफीम, फ़रिश्ता

degenerate - भ्रष्ट, विकृत व्यक्ति

cling - कस कर लिपट जाना

extends - फैलना, फैलाना, देना, बढ़ाना

eternity - अनंत काल, अनन्तकाल, अमरत्व

abyss - checkअथाह

revenge - बदला, इंतक़ाम r=intaqām

disgusts - गुस्सा, घृणा करना, घृणा

crushes - चूर चूर करना, दबाना, जमघट

Helen's head, always drooping, sank a little lower as she finished this sentence. I saw by her look she wished no longer to talk to me, but rather to converse with her own thoughts. She was not allowed much time for meditation: a monitor, a great rough girl, presently came up, exclaiming in a strong Cumberland accent-

drooping - झुकना, लटकन, कुम्हलाना

converse - वार्तालाप करना

meditation - ध्यान, विचार, चिंतन, तपस्या

exclaiming - चिल्लाना, चिल्लाकर कहना

accent - लहजा

"Helen Burns, if you don't go and put your drawer in order, and fold up your work this minute, I'll tell Miss Scatcherd to come and look at it!"

fold up - मुक्त करें

this minute - इस मिनट

Helen sighed as her reverie fled, and getting up, obeyed the monitor without reply as without delay.

reverie - दिवास्वप्न

fled - भाग जाना, फरार होना

delay - देरी करना


My first quarter at Lowood seemed an age; and not the golden age either; it comprised an irksome struggle with difficulties in habituating myself to new rules and unwonted tasks. The fear of failure in these points harassed me worse than the physical hardships of my lot; though these were no trifles.

Struggle - संघर्ष, लड़ाई

habituating - साधना, अभ्यस्त बना करना

failure - असफलता

hardships - कठिनाई, कष्ट, कठिनाइयाँ, दुःख

trifles - क्षुद्र धनराशि, छोटी सी बात

During January, February, and part of March, the deep snows, and, after their melting, the almost impassable roads, prevented our stirring beyond the garden walls, except to go to church; but within these limits we had to pass an hour every day in the open air.

impassable - अगम्य, अपारणीय, दुर्गम

stirring - उत्तेजक, फिंटाई, हरकत

Our clothing was insufficient to protect us from the severe cold: we had no boots, the snow got into our shoes and melted there: our ungloved hands became numbed and covered with chilblains, as were our feet: I remember well the distracting irritation I endured from this cause every evening, when my feet inflamed; and the torture of thrusting the swelled, raw, and stiff toes into my shoes in the morning. Then the scanty supply of food was distressing: with the keen appetites of growing children, we had scarcely sufficient to keep alive a delicate invalid. From this deficiency of nourishment resulted an abuse, which pressed hardly on the younger pupils: whenever the famished great girls had an opportunity, they would coax or menace the little ones out of their portion. Many a time I have shared between two claimants the precious morsel of brown bread distributed at tea-time; and after relinquishing to a third half the contents of my mug of coffee, I have swallowed the remainder with an accompaniment of secret tears, forced from me by the exigency of hunger.

insufficient - अपर्याप्त

melted - कम होना, पिघलाना[पिघलना]

distracting - ध्यान भंग करना

every evening - हर रात

inflamed - प्रज्वलित करना, बिगड़ना, भड़काना

torture - यंत्रणा

swelled - सुन्दर, बढ़ाना, मोड़ना, उठाना

distressing - दुःख होना, कठिनाई, दुःख होना

appetites - इच्छा, रुचि, भूख

keep alive - जीवित रहो

invalid - अविधिमान्य, अमान्य

famished - भूखा

coax - मान-मनव्वल करना

menace - कष्टारी व्यक्ति या वस्तु

claimants - दावेदार, अधियाचक, अभियोक्तृ

relinquishing - छोड़ देना, त्यागना, हक़ त्याग

accompaniment - साथ, संगत, {संगीत संबंधी)संगत

exigency - आवश्यकता, संकटकाल

Sundays were dreary days in that wintry season. We had to walk two miles to Brocklebridge Church, where our patron officiated. We set out cold, we arrived at church colder: during the morning service we became almost paralysed.

patron - संरक्षक, दर्शक, ग्राहक

officiated - सरकारी तौर पर काम करना

morning service - सुबह सेवा

paralysed - लकवा

It was too far to return to dinner, and an allowance of cold meat and bread, in the same penurious proportion observed in our ordinary meals, was served round between the services.

allowance - छूट, भत्ता, वृति

cold meat - ठंडा मांस

penurious - कृपण, कंगाल, गरीब, मोहताज

proportion - अंश, अनुपात, समानुपात, भाग

At the close of the afternoon service we returned by an exposed and hilly road, where the bitter winter wind, blowing over a range of snowy summits to the north, almost flayed the skin from our faces.

exposed - दिखाना, विवरण, प्रकट करना

hilly - पर्वतीय

summits - शीर्ष सम्मेलन, शिखर

I can remember Miss Temple walking lightly and rapidly along our drooping line, her plaid cloak, which the frosty wind fluttered, gathered close about her, and encouraging us, by precept and example, to keep up our spirits, and march forward, as she said, "like stalwart soldiers." The other teachers, poor things, were generally themselves too much dejected to attempt the task of cheering others.

lightly - अकारण, उपेक्षापूर्वक, हलके से

plaid - चारखानेदार कपड़ा, पट्टू

frosty - रूखा, बहुत ठंडा

fluttered - उत्तेजना, घबराहट, उतार चढाव

precept - वचन, रस्म, नियम, निर्देश

stalwart - विश्वसनीय, निष्ठावान, बहादुर

dejected - मुरझाया, उदास, म्लान, कुम्हलाया

cheering - सलामती का जाम, धीरज बँधाना

How we longed for the light and heat of a blazing fire when we got back! But, to the little ones at least, this was denied: each hearth in the schoolroom was immediately surrounded by a double row of great girls, and behind them the younger children crouched in groups, wrapping their starved arms in their pinafores.

blazing - चमक, लौ, चिन्ह, चमकना, जलना

Row - झगड़ा

crouched - दुबकना, दुबकने की मुद्रा

starved - भूखा मरना, भूख लगना, भूखा होना

A little solace came at tea-time, in the shape of a double ration of bread-a whole, instead of a half, slice-with the delicious addition of a thin scrape of butter: it was the hebdomadal treat to which we all looked forward from Sabbath to Sabbath. I generally contrived to reserve a moiety of this bounteous repast for myself; but the remainder I was invariably obliged to part with.

solace - सान्त्वना/उपशम, सांत्वना

ration - हिस्सा, भोजन

scrape - कुरेदना, छीलना

Sabbath - सैबथ, विश्रामदिवस

moiety - share or portion

bounteous - मुक्तहस्त

invariably - सर्वदा, निरपवाद रूप से

The Sunday evening was spent in repeating, by heart, the Church Catechism, and the fifth, sixth, and seventh chapters of St. Matthew; and in listening to a long sermon, read by Miss Miller, whose irrepressible yawns attested her weariness.

catechism - धर्म संबंधी प्रश्नोत्तरी

Matthew - male given name

sermon - धर्मोपदेश, प्रवचन

irrepressible - अदमनीय

yawns - फैल जाना, जम्हाई, उबासी

attested - प्रमाणित करना, गवाही देना

A frequent interlude of these performances was the enactment of the part of Eutychus by some half-dozen of little girls, who, overpowered with sleep, would fall down, if not out of the third loft, yet off the fourth form, and be taken up half dead. The remedy was, to thrust them forward into the centre of the schoolroom, and oblige them to stand there till the sermon was finished.

interlude - , अवकाश, अन्तराल, मध्यांतर

enactment - व्यवस्थापन, अध्यादेश, अधिनियमन

loft - उछालना, दीर्घा, अटारी/दुछत्ती

oblige - नैतिक नियमों से मज़बूर करना

Sometimes their feet failed them, and they sank together in a heap; they were then propped up with the monitors'high stools.

heap - ढेर

propped - सहारा, लकडी से बना आधार

stools - पायदान, मल, तिपाई, स्टूल

I have not yet alluded to the visits of Mr. Brocklehurst; and indeed that gentleman was from home during the greater part of the first month after my arrival; perhaps prolonging his stay with his friend the archdeacon: his absence was a relief to me. I need not say that I had my own reasons for dreading his coming: but come he did at last.

prolonging - लम्बा या दीर्घ करना, बढा देना

absence - अनुपस्थिति

One afternoon (I had then been three weeks at Lowood), as I was sitting with a slate in my hand, puzzling over a sum in long division, my eyes, raised in abstraction to the window, caught sight of a figure just passing: I recognised almost instinctively that gaunt outline; and when, two minutes after, all the school, teachers included, rose en masse, it was not necessary for me to look up in order to ascertain whose entrance they thus greeted. A long stride measured the schoolroom, and presently beside Miss Temple, who herself had risen, stood the same black column which had frowned on me so ominously from the hearthrug of Gateshead. I now glanced sideways at this piece of architecture. Yes, I was right: it was Mr. Brocklehurst, buttoned up in a surtout, and looking longer, narrower, and more rigid than ever.

en - हिंदी

slate - स्लेट पत्थर

sum - योग, योगफल, जोड़

Division - विभाजन

abstraction - निकालना, पृथक्करण, कल्पना

outline - रूपरेखा, दर्शाना, खाका, सारांश

masse -

ascertain - पता लगाना, सुनिश्चित करना

stride - लम्बे डग मारना

frowned - त्योरी, तेवर, त्यौरी

Hearthrug - फ़ायरप्लेस के सामने की दरी

sideways - की तरफ़, तीरछा होकर, एक तरफ़ से

buttoned up - बटन किया हुआ

surtout - सर्टाउट

rigid - कठोर, सख्त, कड़ा

I had my own reasons for being dismayed at this apparition; too well I remembered the perfidious hints given by Mrs. Reed about my disposition, &c.; the promise pledged by Mr. Brocklehurst to apprise Miss Temple and the teachers of my vicious nature.

apparition - प्रेतात्मा, विचित्र वस्तु

perfidious - विश्वासघाती, नाएतबारी

pledged - वचन, वादा करना, वादा करना

apprise - सूचित करना, अवगत कराना

vicious - उग्र, निन्दनीय, अनैतिक

All along I had been dreading the fulfilment of this promise,-I had been looking out daily for the "Coming Man," whose information respecting my past life and conversation was to brand me as a bad child for ever: now there he was.

fulfilment - पूर्ति, पूर्णता, परितोष

He stood at Miss Temple's side; he was speaking low in her ear: I did not doubt he was making disclosures of my villainy; and I watched her eye with painful anxiety, expecting every moment to see its dark orb turn on me a glance of repugnance and contempt.

disclosures - प्रकटीकरण

villainy - बदमाशी, खलनायकत्व

anxiety - चिंता, परेशानी

orb - वृत्त, स्वर्ण वर्तुल

repugnance - असंगति, अरुचि, ऊब, घृणाआ

I listened too; and as I happened to be seated quite at the top of the room, I caught most of what he said: its import relieved me from immediate apprehension.

apprehension - डर, भय, समझ, आशंका, गिरफ्तारी

"I suppose, Miss Temple, the thread I bought at Lowton will do; it struck me that it would be just of the quality for the calico chemises, and I sorted the needles to match.

You may tell Miss Smith that I forgot to make a memorandum of the darning needles, but she shall have some papers sent in next week; and she is not, on any account, to give out more than one at a time to each pupil: if they have more, they are apt to be careless and lose them. And, O ma'am! I wish the woollen stockings were better looked to!

memorandum - याददाश्त

darning needles - सिलाई सांकेत

apt - प्रवृत्ति

-when I was here last, I went into the kitchen-garden and examined the clothes drying on the line; there was a quantity of black hose in a very bad state of repair: from the size of the holes in them I was sure they had not been well mended from time to time."

kitchen-garden - (kitchen-garden) रसोई बगीचा

hose - नली

mended - ठीक करना, मरम्मत, मरम्मत करना

He paused.

"Your directions shall be attended to, sir," said Miss Temple.

"And, ma'am," he continued, "the laundress tells me some of the girls have two clean tuckers in the week: it is too much; the rules limit them to one."

laundress - धोबिन

tuckers - टांका लगाने वाला

"I think I can explain that circumstance, sir. Agnes and Catherine Johnstone were invited to take tea with some friends at Lowton last Thursday, and I gave them leave to put on clean tuckers for the occasion."

Catherine - female given name

Mr. Brocklehurst nodded.

"Well, for once it may pass; but please not to let the circumstance occur too often. And there is another thing which surprised me; I find, in settling accounts with the housekeeper, that a lunch, consisting of bread and cheese, has twice been served out to the girls during the past fortnight. How is this? I looked over the regulations, and I find no such meal as lunch mentioned.

settling - dregs, , (settle) dregs

fortnight - दो सफ्ताह, दो सफ्ताह, पखवारा

regulations - नियम, अधिनियम, नियन्त्रण

Who introduced this innovation? and by what authority?"

innovation - नवीनीकरण, नवीनता, नवाचार

"I must be responsible for the circumstance, sir," replied Miss Temple: "the breakfast was so ill prepared that the pupils could not possibly eat it; and I dared not allow them to remain fasting till dinner-time."

"Madam, allow me an instant. You are aware that my plan in bringing up these girls is, not to accustom them to habits of luxury and indulgence, but to render them hardy, patient, self-denying.

instant - तुरन्त

accustom - आदी बना करना, साधना

indulgence - अनुग्रह, विलासिता, सन्तोष

render - देना

denying - प्रतिवाड करना, इन्कार करना

Should any little accidental disappointment of the appetite occur, such as the spoiling of a meal, the under or the over dressing of a dish, the incident ought not to be neutralised by replacing with something more delicate the comfort lost, thus pampering the body and obviating the aim of this institution; it ought to be improved to the spiritual edification of the pupils, by encouraging them to evince fortitude under temporary privation. A brief address on those occasions would not be mistimed, wherein a judicious instructor would take the opportunity of referring to the sufferings of the primitive Christians; to the torments of martyrs; to the exhortations of our blessed Lord Himself, calling upon His disciples to take up their cross and follow Him; to His warnings that man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God; to His divine consolations, "If ye suffer hunger or thirst for My sake, happy are ye." Oh, madam, when you put bread and cheese, instead of burnt porridge, into these children's mouths, you may indeed feed their vile bodies, but you little think how you starve their immortal souls!"

accidental - आकस्मिक, अप्रत्याशित, सांयोगिक

disappointment - मायूसी, निराशा, आशाभंग

spoiling - लाभ, दूषित करना, बिगाड़ देना

neutralised - निष्प्रभावित करना

more delicate - सुंदर तेजी से

pampering - बहुत लाड प्यार करना

obviating - निराकरण करना, जरूरी न समझना

spiritual - आध्यात्मिक

edification - नैतिक उन्नति, मानसिक उन्नति

evince - इशारा

fortitude - छाती, धैर्य

temporary - अल्पकालीन, अस्थायी कर्मचारी

privation - हीनता, कमी, अभाव, न्यूनता, तंगी

mistimed - समय का गलत हिसाब लगाना

wherein - जिसमें

primitive - साधारण, आदिम, प्राचीन

torments - सताना, मुसीबत, अभिशाप, यातना

martyrs - शहीद करना, दुखी आत्मा

exhortations - उपदेश, प्रोत्साहन, प्रबोधन

blessed - भाग्यवान, (bless) भाग्यवान

Lord - मालिक, साहिब, साहब

disciples - अनुयाय, शिष्य, अनुयायी/शिष्य

consolations - आश्वासन, तसल्ली, दिलासा

ye - तुम

thirst - प्यास, तृष्णा, पिपासा, तृषा

sake - के लिये

vile - अधम, घृणित, घिनौना, अवकृष्ट

starve - भूखा मरना, भूख लगना, भूखा होना

immortal - अमर

souls - व्यक्ति, प्रेतात्मा, जीवन

Mr. Brocklehurst again paused-perhaps overcome by his feelings.

overcome - हराना, पराजित करना

Miss Temple had looked down when he first began to speak to her; but she now gazed straight before her, and her face, naturally pale as marble, appeared to be assuming also the coldness and fixity of that material; especially her mouth, closed as if it would have required a sculptor's chisel to open it, and her brow settled gradually into petrified severity.

assuming - धृष्ट, ढीठ, (assume)

coldness - उपेक्षा

fixity - स्थिरता, दृढ निश्चय, जड़ता

sculptor - मूर्तिकार, स्कल्प्टर तारामण्डल

chisel - छेनी

brow - शिखर, मस्तक, भौंह

gradually - धीरे धीरे, अल्पाशः

Meantime, Mr. Brocklehurst, standing on the hearth with his hands behind his back, majestically surveyed the whole school. Suddenly his eye gave a blink, as if it had met something that either dazzled or shocked its pupil; turning, he said in more rapid accents than he had hitherto used-

majestically - शानदार ढंग से, शानदार ढंग से

blink - पलक मारना

dazzled - चकित होना, चमक दमकअ, तेज रोशनीई

shocked - झटका, टक्कर, सदमा पहुँचाना

accents - स्वराघात, उच्चारण, भाषा

"Miss Temple, Miss Temple, what-what is that girl with curled hair? Red hair, ma'am, curled-curled all over?" And extending his cane he pointed to the awful object, his hand shaking as he did so.

curled - मोड़ना, जाना, लपेटना, सिकोड़ना

extending - फैलना, फैलाना, देना, बढ़ाना

cane - बेत, बेँत

"It is Julia Severn," replied Miss Temple, very quietly.

"Julia Severn, ma'am! And why has she, or any other, curled hair? Why, in defiance of every precept and principle of this house, does she conform to the world so openly-here in an evangelical, charitable establishment-as to wear her hair one mass of curls?"

defiance - अक्खड़पन, चुनौती, अवज्ञा

conform - मानना, के अनुसार चलना

openly - खुलेआम

evangelical - ईसाई धर्म पुस्तक सम्बन्धी

charitable - उदार, परोपकारी, दानशील

mass - परिमाण

"Julia's hair curls naturally," returned Miss Temple, still more quietly.

"Naturally! Yes, but we are not to conform to nature; I wish these girls to be the children of Grace: and why that abundance? I have again and again intimated that I desire the hair to be arranged closely, modestly, plainly.

abundance - बहुलता, प्रचुरता, अधिकता/अपार

modestly - संकोचशील ढंग से

Miss Temple, that girl's hair must be cut off entirely; I will send a barber to-morrow: and I see others who have far too much of the excrescence-that tall girl, tell her to turn round. Tell all the first form to rise up and direct their faces to the wall."

entirely - पूरी तरह से, पूरी तरह से

barber - नाई

excrescence - उभार, सहज वृद्धि (बालों

turn round - घुमाएँ

Miss Temple passed her handkerchief over her lips, as if to smooth away the involuntary smile that curled them; she gave the order, however, and when the first class could take in what was required of them, they obeyed. Leaning a little back on my bench, I could see the looks and grimaces with which they commented on this manoeuvre: it was a pity Mr.

involuntary - अनिच्छा से होने वाला, अस्वैच्छिक

grimaces - मुख विरूपता, मुख विकृति

manoeuvre - चाल

Brocklehurst could not see them too; he would perhaps have felt that, whatever he might do with the outside of the cup and platter, the inside was further beyond his interference than he imagined.

platter - कठौती

interference - बाधा, हस्तक्षेप, व्यतिकरण, पंगा

He scrutinised the reverse of these living medals some five minutes, then pronounced sentence. These words fell like the knell of doom-

reverse - उलटना

medals - पदक, तमगा

knell - समाप्ति

doom - बरबाद होना, अर्थी, बरबाद होना

"All those top-knots must be cut off."

Miss Temple seemed to remonstrate.

remonstrate - विरोध करना, आपत्ति करना, डाँटना

"Madam," he pursued, "I have a Master to serve whose kingdom is not of this world: my mission is to mortify in these girls the lusts of the flesh; to teach them to clothe themselves with shame-facedness and sobriety, not with braided hair and costly apparel; and each of the young persons before us has a string of hair twisted in plaits which vanity itself might have woven; these, I repeat, must be cut off; think of the time wasted, of-"

Kingdom - राज्य, बादशाहत, सल्तनत

mission - कार्य, लक्ष्य, मिशन

mortify - नीचा दिखाना, शर्मिंदा करना

lusts - कामुकता, लोभ करना, लिप्सा, लालच

sobriety - संयम, गांभीर्य, गंभीरता, परहेज़

braided - चोटी, चोटी बँधना, फीता

costly - भारी, कड़े संघर्ष से प्राप्त

apparel - औपचारिक पोशाक

plaits - चोटी, चुन्नट, चोटी करना, चुटिया

woven - बुना हुआ

Mr. Brocklehurst was here interrupted: three other visitors, ladies, now entered the room. They ought to have come a little sooner to have heard his lecture on dress, for they were splendidly attired in velvet, silk, and furs.

interrupted - रोकना, टोकना, रोक देना, काटना

splendidly - शानदार ढंग से

attired in - वस्त्र पहनाया

The two younger of the trio (fine girls of sixteen and seventeen) had grey beaver hats, then in fashion, shaded with ostrich plumes, and from under the brim of this graceful head-dress fell a profusion of light tresses, elaborately curled; the elder lady was enveloped in a costly velvet shawl, trimmed with ermine, and she wore a false front of French curls.

trio - तिकड़ी, गायकों की तिकड़ी

beaver - ऊदबिलाव

shaded - आच्छादित, रेखाच्छादित

ostrich - शुतुरमुर्ग़, शुतुरमुर्ग

plumes - पंख, पर, पर से बनाया हुआ आभरण

brim - कगार

graceful - शिष्ट, सुन्दर, अच्छी तरह, मनोहर

profusion - आधिक्य, प्राचुर्य

tresses - चोटी, जटा

enveloped - लपेटना, आवृत करना, ढाँक लेना

trimmed - काटना, सजाना, छँटाई, छाँटना

ermine - न्योले की जाति का एक जन्तु

These ladies were deferentially received by Miss Temple, as Mrs. and the Misses Brocklehurst, and conducted to seats of honour at the top of the room. It seems they had come in the carriage with their reverend relative, and had been conducting a rummaging scrutiny of the room upstairs, while he transacted business with the housekeeper, questioned the laundress, and lectured the superintendent.

deferentially - सम्मानपूर्वक

conducted - चलाना, आचरण, संचालन करना

Reverend - आदरणीय, रेवरेंड

conducting - चलाना, आचरण, संचालन करना

rummaging - खोज, फुटकर सामन, खूब तलाश कर

transacted - कारबार करना, कारोबार करना

They now proceeded to address divers remarks and reproofs to Miss Smith, who was charged with the care of the linen and the inspection of the dormitories: but I had no time to listen to what they said; other matters called off and enchanted my attention.

remarks - करना, ध्यान, प्रतिक्रिया

reproofs - फटकार, असहमति, निन्दा

linen - लिनेन

inspection - निरीक्षण

dormitories - शयनशाला, शयनगृह

enchanted - मोहित करना, मोहित करना

Hitherto, while gathering up the discourse of Mr. Brocklehurst and Miss Temple, I had not, at the same time, neglected precautions to secure my personal safety; which I thought would be effected, if I could only elude observation.

neglected - उपेक्षा करना, लापरवाही, उपेक्षा

precautions - गर्भनिरोधक उपाय, एहतियात

elude - हाथ न आना, हाथ न आना

To this end, I had sat well back on the form, and while seeming to be busy with my sum, had held my slate in such a manner as to conceal my face: I might have escaped notice, had not my treacherous slate somehow happened to slip from my hand, and falling with an obtrusive crash, directly drawn every eye upon me; I knew it was all over now, and, as I stooped to pick up the two fragments of slate, I rallied my forces for the worst. It came.

be busy - व्यस्त होना

conceal - छिपाना

treacherous - कपटी, विश्वासघाती, दुष्ट

slip - फिसल जाना

obtrusive - बाधक

crash - धमाका

"A careless girl!" said Mr. Brocklehurst, and immediately after-"It is the new pupil, I perceive." And before I could draw breath, "I must not forget I have a word to say respecting her." Then aloud: how loud it seemed to me! "Let the child who broke her slate come forward!"

perceive - अर्थ लगाना, देखना, महसूस करना

Of my own accord I could not have stirred; I was paralysed: but the two great girls who sit on each side of me, set me on my legs and pushed me towards the dread judge, and then Miss Temple gently assisted me to his very feet, and I caught her whispered counsel-

accord - समझौता

"Don't be afraid, Jane, I saw it was an accident; you shall not be punished."

The kind whisper went to my heart like a dagger.

whisper - फुसफुसाना

dagger - छुरा, कटार

"Another minute, and she will despise me for a hypocrite," thought I; and an impulse of fury against Reed, Brocklehurst, and Co. bounded in my pulses at the conviction. I was no Helen Burns.

despise - उपेक्षा करना

hypocrite - पाखंडी

bounded - सीमित, सीमित करना, सीमित करना

Co - सी ओ, सी ओ

"Fetch that stool," said Mr. Brocklehurst, pointing to a very high one from which a monitor had just risen: it was brought.

"Place the child upon it."

And I was placed there, by whom I don't know: I was in no condition to note particulars; I was only aware that they had hoisted me up to the height of Mr. Brocklehurst's nose, that he was within a yard of me, and that a spread of shot orange and purple silk pelisses and a cloud of silvery plumage extended and waved below me.

silvery - चाँदी के सदृश, सुमधुर

extended - फैलना, फैलाना, देना, बढ़ाना

Mr. Brocklehurst hemmed.

hemmed - किनारी सिलना, घेरा डालना

"Ladies," said he, turning to his family, "Miss Temple, teachers, and children, you all see this girl?"

Of course they did; for I felt their eyes directed like burning-glasses against my scorched skin.

scorched - जलना, बरबाद कर देना, जला देना

"You see she is yet young; you observe she possesses the ordinary form of childhood; God has graciously given her the shape that He has given to all of us; no signal deformity points her out as a marked character. Who would think that the Evil One had already found a servant and agent in her? Yet such, I grieve to say, is the case."

possesses - रखना, पर नियंट्रण रखना

graciously - शालीनतापूर्वक, दया से

deformity - विकृति, अंग विकृति

grieve - शोक पहुंचना

A pause-in which I began to steady the palsy of my nerves, and to feel that the Rubicon was passed; and that the trial, no longer to be shirked, must be firmly sustained.

steady - दृढ़

palsy - सकंप अंगघात, लकवा

Rubicon - small river in northeastern Italy

trial - योग्यता की परीक्षा

shirked - भागना, टालना

sustained - खाना, उठाना, शक्ति देना

"My dear children," pursued the black marble clergyman, with pathos, "this is a sad, a melancholy occasion; for it becomes my duty to warn you, that this girl, who might be one of God's own lambs, is a little castaway: not a member of the true flock, but evidently an interloper and an alien.

pathos - करुण रस, कारुणिकता, करुण रस

lambs - दुलारा, गोश्त, मेमना, भोला भाला

castaway - परित्यक्त

flock - जानवरों का समूह

You must be on your guard against her; you must shun her example; if necessary, avoid her company, exclude her from your sports, and shut her out from your converse.

shun - निकाल देना, से दूर रहना, बचना

Teachers, you must watch her: keep your eyes on her movements, weigh well her words, scrutinise her actions, punish her body to save her soul: if, indeed, such salvation be possible, for (my tongue falters while I tell it) this girl, this child, the native of a Christian land, worse than many a little heathen who says its prayers to Brahma and kneels before Juggernaut-this girl is-a liar!"

Salvation - मुक्ति

falters - हिचकिचाना, डगमगाना, हिचक

heathen - असभ्य व्यक्ति, नास्तिक

Brahma - ब्रह्मा

kneels - घुटने के बल बैठना, घुटने टेकना

Juggernaut - विशालकाय वाहन

Now came a pause of ten minutes, during which I, by this time in perfect possession of my wits, observed all the female Brocklehursts produce their pocket-handkerchiefs and apply them to their optics, while the elderly lady swayed herself to and fro, and the two younger ones whispered, "How shocking!" Mr. Brocklehurst resumed.

handkerchiefs - सितारा मछली, रुमाल

optics - प्रकाश संबंधी, दृष्टि/प्रकाशीय

swayed - आधिपत्य, प्रभाव, प्रभावित करना

"This I learned from her benefactress; from the pious and charitable lady who adopted her in her orphan state, reared her as her own daughter, and whose kindness, whose generosity the unhappy girl repaid by an ingratitude so bad, so dreadful, that at last her excellent patroness was obliged to separate her from her own young ones, fearful lest her vicious example should contaminate their purity: she has sent her here to be healed, even as the Jews of old sent their diseased to the troubled pool of Bethesda; and, teachers, superintendent, I beg of you not to allow the waters to stagnate round her."

pious - धर्मपरायण, धर्मनिष्ठ

generosity - उदारता

ingratitude - अकृतज्ञता

patroness - संरक्षिका

contaminate - दूषित करना, अशुद्ध करना

purity - शुद्धता, पवित्रता, विशुद्धता

healed - भरना, स्वस्थ होना

Bethesda - बेथेस्डा

stagnate - बँध के रह जाना, निष्क्रिय होना

With this sublime conclusion, Mr. Brocklehurst adjusted the top button of his surtout, muttered something to his family, who rose, bowed to Miss Temple, and then all the great people sailed in state from the room. Turning at the door, my judge said-

sublime - उच्च, उत्कष्ट, भव्य, प्रतापी

adjusted - बराबर करना, अनुकूल बनाना

muttered - शिकायत, फुसफुसाहट, बड़बड़ाना

bowed - झुकाना, सिर झुकाना, गलही

"Let her stand half-an-hour longer on that stool, and let no one speak to her during the remainder of the day."

There was I, then, mounted aloft; I, who had said I could not bear the shame of standing on my natural feet in the middle of the room, was now exposed to general view on a pedestal of infamy. What my sensations were no language can describe; but just as they all rose, stifling my breath and constricting my throat, a girl came up and passed me: in passing, she lifted her eyes.

aloft - ऊँचा, हवा में, ऊपर

exposed - अनाश्रित, अनावृत, अरक्षिट

general view - सामान्य दृष्टिकोण

pedestal - स्थान, धानी

infamy - दुष्टता, बदनामी, कुख्याति

stifling - दमघोंटू

constricting - दबा देना, संकुचित होना

What a strange light inspired them! What an extraordinary sensation that ray sent through me! How the new feeling bore me up! It was as if a martyr, a hero, had passed a slave or victim, and imparted strength in the transit. I mastered the rising hysteria, lifted up my head, and took a firm stand on the stool.

extraordinary - असाधारण

martyr - शहीद, शहीदा

imparted - बताना, प्रदान करना

Transit - संक्रमण

mastered - मालिक, विशारद, शिक्षक, अधिकारी

hysteria - हिस्टीरिया

Helen Burns asked some slight question about her work of Miss Smith, was chidden for the triviality of the inquiry, returned to her place, and smiled at me as she again went by. What a smile!

Slight - थोड़ा

triviality - तुच्छता, नगण्यता, ओछापन

inquiry - जाँच, सर्वेक्षण, अन्वेषण

I remember it now, and I know that it was the effluence of fine intellect, of true courage; it lit up her marked lineaments, her thin face, her sunken grey eye, like a reflection from the aspect of an angel.

effluence - निःस्त्राव

Yet at that moment Helen Burns wore on her arm "the untidy badge;" scarcely an hour ago I had heard her condemned by Miss Scatcherd to a dinner of bread and water on the morrow because she had blotted an exercise in copying it out. Such is the imperfect nature of man!

untidy - मैला, गन्दा

badge - बैज

blotted - दाग, धब्बा, दाग/धब्बा

such spots are there on the disc of the clearest planet; and eyes like Miss Scatcherd's can only see those minute defects, and are blind to the full brightness of the orb.

disc - कोई चिपटी गोल वस्तु

defects - दोष, खराबी

brightness - चमक


Ere the half-hour ended, five o'clock struck; school was dismissed, and all were gone into the refectory to tea. I now ventured to descend: it was deep dusk; I retired into a corner and sat down on the floor. The spell by which I had been so far supported began to dissolve; reaction took place, and soon, so overwhelming was the grief that seized me, I sank prostrate with my face to the ground.

dissolve - घुलना, भंग करना, भंग करना

overwhelming - पराजित करना, वश में करना

seized - समझना, झपट लेना, पकड़ना

prostrate - गिरादेना, निस्सहाय कर देना

Now I wept: Helen Burns was not here; nothing sustained me; left to myself I abandoned myself, and my tears watered the boards. I had meant to be so good, and to do so much at Lowood: to make so many friends, to earn respect and win affection.

Already I had made visible progress: that very morning I had reached the head of my class; Miss Miller had praised me warmly; Miss Temple had smiled approbation; she had promised to teach me drawing, and to let me learn French, if I continued to make similar improvement two months longer: and then I was well received by my fellow-pupils; treated as an equal by those of my own age, and not molested by any; now, here I lay again crushed and trodden on; and could I ever rise more?

Praised - प्रशंसा, स्तुति, कीर्ति

warmly - उत्साह से, स्नेह से, गरम ढंग से

approbation - अनुमोदन, मंजूरी/अनुमोदन

molested - कष्ट देना, सताना, तंग करना

crushed - चूर चूर करना, दबाना, जमघट

"Never," I thought; and ardently I wished to die. While sobbing out this wish in broken accents, some one approached: I started up-again Helen Burns was near me; the fading fires just showed her coming up the long, vacant room; she brought my coffee and bread.

ardently - प्रबल रूप से, उत्कटता से

sobbing - action of the verb ", to sob"

approached - पद्धति, सन्निकर्ष, समीप आना

fading - फेडिंग, (fad) फेडिंग

"Come, eat something," she said; but I put both away from me, feeling as if a drop or a crumb would have choked me in my present condition. Helen regarded me, probably with surprise: I could not now abate my agitation, though I tried hard; I continued to weep aloud.

crumb - कमीना आदमी, कण, कमीना आदमी

choked - चोक, सांस रूकना

regarded - ध्यान, समझना, संबंध, सोचना

abate - कम होना

weep - आंसू बहाना

She sat down on the ground near me, embraced her knees with her arms, and rested her head upon them; in that attitude she remained silent as an Indian. I was the first who spoke-

Indian - भारतीय, भारत संबंधी

"Helen, why do you stay with a girl whom everybody believes to be a liar?"

"Everybody, Jane? Why, there are only eighty people who have heard you called so, and the world contains hundreds of millions."

"But what have I to do with millions? The eighty, I know, despise me."

"Jane, you are mistaken: probably not one in the school either despises or dislikes you: many, I am sure, pity you much."

despises - घृणा करना, उपेक्षा करना

"How can they pity me after what Mr. Brocklehurst has said?"

"Mr. Brocklehurst is not a god: nor is he even a great and admired man: he is little liked here; he never took steps to make himself liked. Had he treated you as an especial favourite, you would have found enemies, declared or covert, all around you; as it is, the greater number would offer you sympathy if they dared.

covert - गुप्त, घना क्षेत्र

Teachers and pupils may look coldly on you for a day or two, but friendly feelings are concealed in their hearts; and if you persevere in doing well, these feelings will ere long appear so much the more evidently for their temporary suppression. Besides, Jane"-she paused.

coldly - रुखाई से, बिना उत्साह के

concealed - छिपाना

persevere - डटा रहना, डटा रहना

suppression - रोक, प्रतिबंध, दमन

"Well, Helen?" said I, putting my hand into hers: she chafed my fingers gently to warm them, and went on-

chafed - बजाना, चिढ़ होना, रगड़, खीझ

"If all the world hated you, and believed you wicked, while your own conscience approved you, and absolved you from guilt, you would not be without friends."

conscience - विवेक, अन्तरात्मा, ज़मीर

absolved - मुक्त्त करना, दोषमुक्त करना

guilt - अपराध बोध

"No; I know I should think well of myself; but that is not enough: if others don't love me I would rather die than live-I cannot bear to be solitary and hated, Helen.

Look here; to gain some real affection from you, or Miss Temple, or any other whom I truly love, I would willingly submit to have the bone of my arm broken, or to let a bull toss me, or to stand behind a kicking horse, and let it dash its hoof at my chest-"

submit - सामने रखना, जमा, पेश करना

Bull - सांड़

toss - टॉस

Dash - डैश

hoof - खुर

"Hush, Jane! you think too much of the love of human beings; you are too impulsive, too vehement; the sovereign hand that created your frame, and put life into it, has provided you with other resources than your feeble self, or than creatures feeble as you.

Hush - शान्ति, चुप करना, चुप करना

impulsive - मौजी, आवेगी, आवेगशील, अप्रेरित

sovereign - स्वायत्त, सार्वभौम

feeble - अशक्त, दुर्बल, मामूली, क्षीण

creatures - व्यक्ति, शराब, आदमी, कठपुतली

Besides this earth, and besides the race of men, there is an invisible world and a kingdom of spirits: that world is round us, for it is everywhere; and those spirits watch us, for they are commissioned to guard us; and if we were dying in pain and shame, if scorn smote us on all sides, and hatred crushed us, angels see our tortures, recognise our innocence (if innocent we be: as I know you are of this charge which Mr. Brocklehurst has weakly and pompously repeated at second-hand from Mrs. Reed; for I read a sincere nature in your ardent eyes and on your clear front), and God waits only the separation of spirit from flesh to crown us with a full reward. Why, then, should we ever sink overwhelmed with distress, when life is so soon over, and death is so certain an entrance to happiness-to glory?"

commissioned - करना, अधिकार, कमीशन

smote - मारना/प्रहार करना

hatred - घृणा, घिन, दुश्मनी, नफ़रत

tortures - घोर यातना देना, अति कष्ट देना

recognise - स्वीकार करना, पहचानना

innocence - निष्कलुष, निर्मलता, निष्कपटता

weakly - अशक्त, दुर्बलतापूर्वक

pompously - आडम्बर से, आडंबरपूर्ण ढंग से

second-hand - (second-hand) दूसरे हाथ

sincere - ईमानदार, सच्चा

ardent - उत्कृष्ट, दक्ष, उत्साही, उत्कट

Reward - पारितोषिक

overwhelmed - पराजित करना, वश में करना

I was silent; Helen had calmed me; but in the tranquillity she imparted there was an alloy of inexpressible sadness. I felt the impression of woe as she spoke, but I could not tell whence it came; and when, having done speaking, she breathed a little fast and coughed a short cough, I momentarily forgot my own sorrows to yield to a vague concern for her.

tranquillity - शांति, शांतचित्तता, अशोच

alloy - मिश्रधातु

woe - संताप, शोक, विषाद

coughed - देना, ध्वनी निकालना, खाँसी

momentarily - पल भर के लिये, थोड़ि ही देर में

sorrows - शोक करना, दुःखी होना

yield - समर्पित करना, समर्पण करना

concern - समुत्थान

Resting my head on Helen's shoulder, I put my arms round her waist; she drew me to her, and we reposed in silence. We had not sat long thus, when another person came in. Some heavy clouds, swept from the sky by a rising wind, had left the moon bare; and her light, streaming in through a window near, shone full both on us and on the approaching figure, which we at once recognised as Miss Temple.

waist - कमर

reposed - आराम करना, शान्ति, आराम

bare - अनावृत

streaming - निरंतर आता हुआ

"I came on purpose to find you, Jane Eyre," said she; "I want you in my room; and as Helen Burns is with you, she may come too."

We went; following the superintendent's guidance, we had to thread some intricate passages, and mount a staircase before we reached her apartment; it contained a good fire, and looked cheerful. Miss Temple told Helen Burns to be seated in a low arm-chair on one side of the hearth, and herself taking another, she called me to her side.

guidance - नेतृत्व, मार्गदर्शन

intricate - जटिल, पेचीदा

mount - चढ़ना

"Is it all over?" she asked, looking down at my face. "Have you cried your grief away?"

"I am afraid I never shall do that."


"Because I have been wrongly accused; and you, ma'am, and everybody else, will now think me wicked."

wrongly - अनुचित ढंग से, गलत ढंग से, गलत

"We shall think you what you prove yourself to be, my child. Continue to act as a good girl, and you will satisfy us."

satisfy - शांत करना, आपूर्ति करना

"Shall I, Miss Temple?"

"You will," said she, passing her arm round me. "And now tell me who is the lady whom Mr. Brocklehurst called your benefactress?"

"Mrs. Reed, my uncle's wife. My uncle is dead, and he left me to her care."

"Did she not, then, adopt you of her own accord?"

"No, ma'am; she was sorry to have to do it: but my uncle, as I have often heard the servants say, got her to promise before he died that she would always keep me."

"Well now, Jane, you know, or at least I will tell you, that when a criminal is accused, he is always allowed to speak in his own defence. You have been charged with falsehood; defend yourself to me as well as you can. Say whatever your memory suggests is true; but add nothing and exaggerate nothing."

defence - रक्षा

defend - रक्षा करना

exaggerate - बढा चढा कर कहना, बढ़ा चढ़ाकर कहना

I resolved, in the depth of my heart, that I would be most moderate-most correct; and, having reflected a few minutes in order to arrange coherently what I had to say, I told her all the story of my sad childhood.

moderate - औसत दर्जे का, कम, कम होना

coherently - संसक्तता से

Exhausted by emotion, my language was more subdued than it generally was when it developed that sad theme; and mindful of Helen's warnings against the indulgence of resentment, I infused into the narrative far less of gall and wormwood than ordinary. Thus restrained and simplified, it sounded more credible: I felt as I went on that Miss Temple fully believed me.

exhausted - थकाना, खींच लेना

mindful - सावधान, सतर्क

infused - प्रभावित करना, भर देना

gall - असभ्य व्यवहार

wormwood - नागदौन, एक प्रकार का कडुआ पौधा

restrained - रोकना, नियन्ट्रित करना

simplified - सरलीकृत करना, सरलीकृत करना

credible - विश्वसनीय, विश्वास करने योग्य

In the course of the tale I had mentioned Mr. Lloyd as having come to see me after the fit: for I never forgot the, to me, frightful episode of the red-room: in detailing which, my excitement was sure, in some degree, to break bounds; for nothing could soften in my recollection the spasm of agony which clutched my heart when Mrs.

bounds - सीमित, सीमित करना, सीमित करना

soften - कम करना, हल्का करना, कोमल बनाना

recollection - स्मरण, स्मरण शक्ति, याद, स्मृति

spasm - लहर, दौरा, ऐंठन, अतिसंकुंचन

clutched - क्लच, अण्डो का समुच्चय

Reed spurned my wild supplication for pardon, and locked me a second time in the dark and haunted chamber.

spurned - ठुकराना, ठुकराना/तिरस्कार करना

supplication - अनुनय विनय, प्रार्थना

I had finished: Miss Temple regarded me a few minutes in silence; she then said-

"I know something of Mr. Lloyd; I shall write to him; if his reply agrees with your statement, you shall be publicly cleared from every imputation; to me, Jane, you are clear now."

publicly - सार्वजनिक रूप से, खुले आम

imputation - आरोपण/लाछन

She kissed me, and still keeping me at her side (where I was well contented to stand, for I derived a child's pleasure from the contemplation of her face, her dress, her one or two ornaments, her white forehead, her clustered and shining curls, and beaming dark eyes), she proceeded to address Helen Burns.

contemplation - ध्यान, विचार, निदिध्यासन, चिंतन

ornaments - सजावट, जेवर, अलंकृत करना, आभूषण

beaming - दीप्तिमान, (beam), किरण

"How are you to-night, Helen? Have you coughed much to-day?"

"Not quite so much, I think, ma'am."

"And the pain in your chest?"

"It is a little better."

Miss Temple got up, took her hand and examined her pulse; then she returned to her own seat: as she resumed it, I heard her sigh low. She was pensive a few minutes, then rousing herself, she said cheerfully-

pulse - नब्ज, नाड़ी

rousing - उत्तेजित करना, उत्तेजित, उठाना

cheerfully - खुशी खुशी

"But you two are my visitors to-night; I must treat you as such." She rang her bell.

"Barbara," she said to the servant who answered it, "I have not yet had tea; bring the tray and place cups for these two young ladies."

And a tray was soon brought. How pretty, to my eyes, did the china cups and bright teapot look, placed on the little round table near the fire! How fragrant was the steam of the beverage, and the scent of the toast! of which, however, I, to my dismay (for I was beginning to be hungry) discerned only a very small portion: Miss Temple discerned it too.

teapot - चायदानी, चायदान

fragrant - सुगन्धित, तनुराग

Steam - भाप, वाष्प

beverage - पेय

scent - गंध

"Barbara," said she, "can you not bring a little more bread and butter? There is not enough for three."

Barbara went out: she returned soon-

"Madam, Mrs. Harden says she has sent up the usual quantity."

harden - द्र्ढ बन्ना, पक्का बन्ना

Mrs. Harden, be it observed, was the housekeeper: a woman after Mr. Brocklehurst's own heart, made up of equal parts of whalebone and iron.

whalebone - कचकड़ा, तिम्यस्थि

"Oh, very well!" returned Miss Temple; "we must make it do, Barbara, I suppose." And as the girl withdrew she added, smiling, "Fortunately, I have it in my power to supply deficiencies for this once."

withdrew - हटाना, अलग करना, हटा लेना

deficiencies - कमी, दोष

Having invited Helen and me to approach the table, and placed before each of us a cup of tea with one delicious but thin morsel of toast, she got up, unlocked a drawer, and taking from it a parcel wrapped in paper, disclosed presently to our eyes a good-sized seed-cake.

unlocked - प्रकट करना, ताला खोलना

taking from - ले रहा है

parcel - पार्सल

disclosed - बताना, दिखाना, प्रकट करना

"I meant to give each of you some of this to take with you," said she, "but as there is so little toast, you must have it now," and she proceeded to cut slices with a generous hand.

We feasted that evening as on nectar and ambrosia; and not the least delight of the entertainment was the smile of gratification with which our hostess regarded us, as we satisfied our famished appetites on the delicate fare she liberally supplied.

feasted - खाना, संतोष, समारोह, भोजन करना

nectar - रस, पराग, पीयुष, मधु, अमृत

ambrosia - मधु

gratification - खुशी, आनन्द, संतोष, संतुष्टि

hostess - परिचारिका, अतिथि सत्कारिणी

Tea over and the tray removed, she again summoned us to the fire; we sat one on each side of her, and now a conversation followed between her and Helen, which it was indeed a privilege to be admitted to hear.

Miss Temple had always something of serenity in her air, of state in her mien, of refined propriety in her language, which precluded deviation into the ardent, the excited, the eager: something which chastened the pleasure of those who looked on her and listened to her, by a controlling sense of awe; and such was my feeling now: but as to Helen Burns, I was struck with wonder.

serenity - शांति

propriety - मर्यादा, औचित्यअ, शिष्टाचार

precluded - रोकना, नामुमकिन करना

deviation - लीक से हटना, उल्लंघन, विचलन

chastened - दंड देना, दंड देना

The refreshing meal, the brilliant fire, the presence and kindness of her beloved instructress, or, perhaps, more than all these, something in her own unique mind, had roused her powers within her.

refreshing - फिर से भरना, ताजा करना

beloved - प्रेमिका, सनम, प्यारा, प्रियतम

instructress - प्रशिक्षिका

They woke, they kindled: first, they glowed in the bright tint of her cheek, which till this hour I had never seen but pale and bloodless; then they shone in the liquid lustre of her eyes, which had suddenly acquired a beauty more singular than that of Miss Temple's-a beauty neither of fine colour nor long eyelash, nor pencilled brow, but of meaning, of movement, of radiance.

kindled - उत्तेजित करना, जाग्रत करना

glowed - चमकना, गरम करना, रंगना, लाली

tint - हलका रंग

bloodless - कठोर, रूखा, सूखा हुआ

lustre - चमक

acquired - प्राप्त करना, लाना

eyelash - पपनी, पलक

radiance - ज्योति, gleam

Then her soul sat on her lips, and language flowed, from what source I cannot tell. Has a girl of fourteen a heart large enough, vigorous enough, to hold the swelling spring of pure, full, fervid eloquence?

vigorous - सशक्त, प्रबल, ओजपूर्ण, ओजस्वी

swelling - सूजन, अंड वृध्दि, (swell) सूजन

fervid - व्यग्र

eloquence - वाकपटुता, वाग्मिता

Such was the characteristic of Helen's discourse on that, to me, memorable evening; her spirit seemed hastening to live within a very brief span as much as many live during a protracted existence.

characteristic - विशेषता

memorable - स्मरणीय

hastening to - तेजी से जा रहे हैं

span - पाट

They conversed of things I had never heard of; of nations and times past; of countries far away; of secrets of nature discovered or guessed at: they spoke of books: how many they had read! What stores of knowledge they possessed!

stores of knowledge - ज्ञान के भंडार

possessed - रखना, पर नियंट्रण रखना

Then they seemed so familiar with French names and French authors: but my amazement reached its climax when Miss Temple asked Helen if she sometimes snatched a moment to recall the Latin her father had taught her, and taking a book from a shelf, bade her read and construe a page of Virgil; and Helen obeyed, my organ of veneration expanding at every sounding line.

amazement - अचंभा

snatched - अंश, लेना, हटा लेना, छीनना

Latin - लैटिन

bade - बेड

construe - अर्थ लगाना, आशय बतलाना

Virgil - वर्जिल

She had scarcely finished ere the bell announced bedtime! no delay could be admitted; Miss Temple embraced us both, saying, as she drew us to her heart-

bedtime - सोने का समय

"God bless you, my children!"

Helen she held a little longer than me: she let her go more reluctantly; it was Helen her eye followed to the door; it was for her she a second time breathed a sad sigh; for her she wiped a tear from her cheek.

On reaching the bedroom, we heard the voice of Miss Scatcherd: she was examining drawers; she had just pulled out Helen Burns's, and when we entered Helen was greeted with a sharp reprimand, and told that to-morrow she should have half-a-dozen of untidily folded articles pinned to her shoulder.

reprimand - डाँट

untidily - अव्यवस्थित ढंग से, बेसिलसिले

"My things were indeed in shameful disorder," murmured Helen to me, in a low voice: "I intended to have arranged them, but I forgot."

disorder - विकार, परेशानी, अव्यवस्था

Next morning, Miss Scatcherd wrote in conspicuous characters on a piece of pasteboard the word "Slattern," and bound it like a phylactery round Helen's large, mild, intelligent, and benign-looking forehead. She wore it till evening, patient, unresentful, regarding it as a deserved punishment.

conspicuous - उत्कृष्ट, विशिष्ट, प्रत्यक्ष

pasteboard - गत्ता, दफ़्ती

Slattern - वेश्या, फूहड़ औरत, फूहड़ औरत

phylactery - leather case containing biblical scrolls

benign - हितकारी, वांछित, दयालु, सौम्य

unresentful - ग़ैर नाराज़, अविद्वेशपूर्ण

regarding - ध्यान, समझना, संबंध, सोचना

The moment Miss Scatcherd withdrew after afternoon school, I ran to Helen, tore it off, and thrust it into the fire: the fury of which she was incapable had been burning in my soul all day, and tears, hot and large, had continually been scalding my cheek; for the spectacle of her sad resignation gave me an intolerable pain at the heart.

scalding - बहुत ज़्यादा, तप्त

resignation - इस्तीफ़ा

intolerable - असहनीय, असह्य

About a week subsequently to the incidents above narrated, Miss Temple, who had written to Mr. Lloyd, received his answer: it appeared that what he said went to corroborate my account.

Incidents - घटना, वारदात, घट्, प्रसंग, हादसा

corroborate - पुष्ट करना

Miss Temple, having assembled the whole school, announced that inquiry had been made into the charges alleged against Jane Eyre, and that she was most happy to be able to pronounce her completely cleared from every imputation. The teachers then shook hands with me and kissed me, and a murmur of pleasure ran through the ranks of my companions.

alleged - बिना सबूत के आरोप लगाना

murmur - बड़बड़ाना, सरसराहट, बड़बड़ाहट

ranks - समादर करना, जत्था, पद, पंक्ति

Companions - साथी, छोटी पुस्तक, मिट्र

Thus relieved of a grievous load, I from that hour set to work afresh, resolved to pioneer my way through every difficulty: I toiled hard, and my success was proportionate to my efforts; my memory, not naturally tenacious, improved with practice; exercise sharpened my wits; in a few weeks I was promoted to a higher class; in less than two months I was allowed to commence French and drawing.

grievous - दुखदायक, दुखद

load - बोझा

afresh - फिर से शुरुआत

Pioneer - मार्ग-निर्माता

toiled - कठिन परिश्रम करना, परिश्रम

proportionate - आनुपातिक, संतुलित

tenacious - अटल, दृढ

sharpened - तेज़ हो जाना, तेज़ करना

I learned the first two tenses of the verb Etre, and sketched my first cottage (whose walls, by-the-bye, outrivalled in slope those of the leaning tower of Pisa), on the same day.

tenses - गुस्सा, कठिन, काल, बेचैन, तानना

verb - क्रिया

sketched - खाका, संक्षिप्त विवरण

slope - झुकाना, समतल, झुकना, स्लोप

Pisa - city in Italy

That night, on going to bed, I forgot to prepare in imagination the Barmecide supper of hot roast potatoes, or white bread and new milk, with which I was wont to amuse my inward cravings: I feasted instead on the spectacle of ideal drawings, which I saw in the dark; all the work of my own hands: freely pencilled houses and trees, picturesque rocks and ruins, Cuyp-like groups of cattle, sweet paintings of butterflies hovering over unblown roses, of birds picking at ripe cherries, of wren's nests enclosing pearl-like eggs, wreathed about with young ivy sprays. I examined, too, in thought, the possibility of my ever being able to translate currently a certain little French story which Madame Pierrot had that day shown me; nor was that problem solved to my satisfaction ere I fell sweetly asleep.

imagination - कल्पना, तसव्वुर, तख़य्युल

Barmecide - बारमीसाइड

roast potatoes - भुने हुए आलू

amuse - मनोरंजन करना, मन बहलाना

cravings - तृष्णा, उत्कट इच्छा, तमन्ना

drawings - चित्रकारी, चिट्रंकनअ, चिट्रकारी

picturesque - सुरम्य, चित्रवत सुंदर

ruins - नष्ट करना, नष्ट कर, बिगाड़ना

cattle - ढोर, पशु/मवेशी, गाय बैल

butterflies - शौकीन व्यक्ति, तितली

hovering - हिचकिचाना

roses - सर्वोत्तम सुंदरी

ripe - पका हुआ

cherries - गहरा लाल, बदरीरक्त, रक्तिम

Wren - फुदकी

nests - समूह, नियल बनाना, जमा करना

enclosing - घेरना, बंद करना, बाड़ा लगाना

pearl - मोती, मुक्ता

wreathed - घेरना, छल्ला, पुष्पहार

sprays - गुच्छा, फुहार, छींटा मारना

satisfaction - स्पष्टीकरण, पूर्ति, संतोष

sweetly - आकर्षक ढंग से, अच्छे ढ़ंग से

Well has Solomon said-"Better is a dinner of herbs where love is, than a stalled ox and hatred therewith."

Solomon - king of Israel, male given name

herbs - जड़ी बूटी

stalled - रोकना, दुकान, टालना, छोटा कमरा

ox - बैल

therewith - उसके बाद

I would not now have exchanged Lowood with all its privations for Gateshead and its daily luxuries.

privations - हीनता, कमी, अभाव, न्यूनता, तंगी


But the privations, or rather the hardships, of Lowood lessened. Spring drew on: she was indeed already come; the frosts of winter had ceased; its snows were melted, its cutting winds ameliorated.

lessened - कम करना, घटना/कम होना

frosts - पाला

ameliorated - सुधारना

My wretched feet, flayed and swollen to lameness by the sharp air of January, began to heal and subside under the gentler breathings of April; the nights and mornings no longer by their Canadian temperature froze the very blood in our veins; we could now endure the play-hour passed in the garden: sometimes on a sunny day it began even to be pleasant and genial, and a greenness grew over those brown beds, which, freshening daily, suggested the thought that Hope traversed them at night, and left each morning brighter traces of her steps. Flowers peeped out amongst the leaves; snow-drops, crocuses, purple auriculas, and golden-eyed pansies. On Thursday afternoons (half-holidays) we now took walks, and found still sweeter flowers opening by the wayside, under the hedges.

swollen - सुन्दर, बढ़ाना, मोड़ना, उठाना

lameness - लँगड़ापन

heal - स्वस्थ होना

subside - घटना, शांत होना, बैठ जाना

breathings - श्वसन, अंतःश्वसन

Canadian - कनाडा संबंधी, कनाडा वासी

veins - शैली, मनोदशा, धारी, पसली

sunny - धूपदार, आफताबी

genial - प्रसन्नचित

greenness - ताज़गी, हरियाली, अनुभवहीनता

freshening - मदिरा को पतला करना, तेज़ होना

traces - सुराग, संकेत, अवशेष, कुछ, निशान

peeped - झलक, झाँकी, झांकना, दिखाई पड़ना

Crocuses - क्रोकस का पौधा

auriculas - एक प्रकार का फूल

pansies - समलैंगिक पुरुष, पोंगा आदमी

wayside - रास्ते का किनारा

hedges - हिचकिचाना, बचाव, बाड

I discovered, too, that a great pleasure, an enjoyment which the horizon only bounded, lay all outside the high and spike-guarded walls of our garden: this pleasure consisted in prospect of noble summits girdling a great hill-hollow, rich in verdure and shadow; in a bright beck, full of dark stones and sparkling eddies.

spike - कीलदार जूता, नुकीली खूँटी

noble - बहुत अच्छा, उतम, शानदार

girdling - गर्दन करना, (girdle) गर्दन करना

verdure - हरियाली

shadow - परछाई, छाया, साया, tछाँव

beck - तत्पर

sparkling - उत्कृष्ट, चमकदार, झिलमिलाता हुआ

eddies - भँवर में बहना, चक्कर खाना, भंवर

How different had this scene looked when I viewed it laid out beneath the iron sky of winter, stiffened in frost, shrouded with snow!-when mists as chill as death wandered to the impulse of east winds along those purple peaks, and rolled down "ing" and holm till they blended with the frozen fog of the beck!

mists - कोहरा, धुँधला करना

peaks - चोटी, अधिकतम, चोटी पर पहुँचना

holm - होम

blended - मिलना, मिश्रण, मिलाना

That beck itself was then a torrent, turbid and curbless: it tore asunder the wood, and sent a raving sound through the air, often thickened with wild rain or whirling sleet; and for the forest on its banks, that showed only ranks of skeletons.

torrent - तेज धारा

curbless - कर्बलेस

asunder - टुकड़े टुकड़े

raving - एकदम, प्रलापी

thickened - गाढ़ा करना, गाढ़ा होना

whirling - घूमना, चक्करदार

sleet - हिम जल वृष्टि होना

skeletons - सार, रूपरेखा

April advanced to May: a bright serene May it was; days of blue sky, placid sunshine, and soft western or southern gales filled up its duration.

serene - प्रशान्त

placid - शांत, सौम्य

gales - {अनौपचारिक}लड़की

And now vegetation matured with vigour; Lowood shook loose its tresses; it became all green, all flowery; its great elm, ash, and oak skeletons were restored to majestic life; woodland plants sprang up profusely in its recesses; unnumbered varieties of moss filled its hollows, and it made a strange ground-sunshine out of the wealth of its wild primrose plants: I have seen their pale gold gleam in overshadowed spots like scatterings of the sweetest lustre. All this I enjoyed often and fully, free, unwatched, and almost alone: for this unwonted liberty and pleasure there was a cause, to which it now becomes my task to advert.

vegetation - वनस्पति, वनस्पति प्रवर्धन

matured - पका हुआ, पूर्ण विकसित, परिपक्व

flowery - आलंकारिक, फूलोंवाली, फूलदार

elm - चिराबेल

ash - राख

oak - बलूत

restored - पुनः स्थापित करना, मरम्मत करना

majestic - शानदार, तेजस्वी, राजसी, भव्य

woodland - वनप्रदेश, वनस्थली, वन प्रदेश

sprang up - उठ गया

profusely - प्रचुरतापूर्वक

recesses - खाली जगह, आला, विश्राम, अवकाश

unnumbered - असंख्य

moss - काई

hollows - मन्द, मिथ्या, निरर्थक

wealth - धन, संपत्ति

Primrose - पीतसेवती के समान पीला रंग

scatterings - फैलाव, फुहार, फैला हुआ, छितराव

advert - विज्ञापन का संक्षिप्ताक्षर

Have I not described a pleasant site for a dwelling, when I speak of it as bosomed in hill and wood, and rising from the verge of a stream? Assuredly, pleasant enough: but whether healthy or not is another question.

dwelling - आवास, निवास स्थान

bosomed - मन में रखना, छाती

verge - किनारा

assuredly - निश्चित रूप से

That forest-dell, where Lowood lay, was the cradle of fog and fog-bred pestilence; which, quickening with the quickening spring, crept into the Orphan Asylum, breathed typhus through its crowded schoolroom and dormitory, and, ere May arrived, transformed the seminary into an hospital.

Dell - घाटी, पेड़ों से घिरी छोटी घाटी

cradle - पालना, खटोला

bred - पोला, (breed), ज़ात, बिरादरी

pestilence - महामारी

quickening - गति वर्धन, (quicken)

crept - जाना, डर, छिपकर घुसना, घुसना

asylum - पनाह, पनाहगाह, शरण

seminary - धर्मप्रशिक्षणालय

Semi-starvation and neglected colds had predisposed most of the pupils to receive infection: forty-five out of the eighty girls lay ill at one time. Classes were broken up, rules relaxed.

semi - अर्ध, सेमीई

starvation - भुखमरी

predisposed - पहले से ही प्रवृत्त होना

The few who continued well were allowed almost unlimited license; because the medical attendant insisted on the necessity of frequent exercise to keep them in health: and had it been otherwise, no one had leisure to watch or restrain them. Miss Temple's whole attention was absorbed by the patients: she lived in the sick-room, never quitting it except to snatch a few hours'rest at night.

unlimited - असीम, असीमित, बेमियादी, अवधिहीन

license - लाइसेंस, अनुज्ञा

attendant - संलग्न, जुड़ा हुआ, सहवर्ती घटना

insisted - अड़े रहना, जोर डालना, दृढ़ रहना

otherwise - अन्यथा, नहीं तो

restrain - रोकना, स्वतंत्रता का हनन करना

sick-room - (sick-room) रोगी कमरा

The teachers were fully occupied with packing up and making other necessary preparations for the departure of those girls who were fortunate enough to have friends and relations able and willing to remove them from the seat of contagion. Many, already smitten, went home only to die: some died at the school, and were buried quietly and quickly, the nature of the malady forbidding delay.

fully occupied - पूर्ण भरी हुई

occupied with - लगातार के साथ

packing up - पैकिंग अप

preparations - खाना, सम्पाक, अभ्यासकार्य

fortunate - अनुकूल, सौभाग्यशाली, भाग्यशाली

contagion - संक्रामक रोग, छूत

smitten - मारना/प्रहार करना

malady - रोग, बीमारी

While disease had thus become an inhabitant of Lowood, and death its frequent visitor; while there was gloom and fear within its walls; while its rooms and passages steamed with hospital smells, the drug and the pastille striving vainly to overcome the effluvia of mortality, that bright May shone unclouded over the bold hills and beautiful woodland out of doors.

inhabitant - निवासी, रहनेवाला

steamed - भाप शक्ति से याट्रा करना

pastille - टिकिया

striving - प्रयास, (strive)

vainly - व्यर्थ, व्यर्थ में

mortality - नश्वरता, मृत्यु संख्या

unclouded - सुनियोजित, स्वच्छ, निरभ्र

bold - दबंग

Its garden, too, glowed with flowers: hollyhocks had sprung up tall as trees, lilies had opened, tulips and roses were in bloom; the borders of the little beds were gay with pink thrift and crimson double daisies; the sweetbriars gave out, morning and evening, their scent of spice and apples; and these fragrant treasures were all useless for most of the inmates of Lowood, except to furnish now and then a handful of herbs and blossoms to put in a coffin.

hollyhocks - एक ऊँचा फूल का पौधा, गुलखैरू

lilies - कुमुदिनी, कुमुदिनी/लिली

tulips - ट्यूलिप, ट्यूलिप[कन्द पुष्प]

bloom - फूल

gay - समलैंगिक

thrift - किफ़ायत, मितव्ययिता, थ्रिफ़्ट

daisies - डेज़ी, गुलबहार, डेजि

spice - मसाला

treasures - बहुमूल्य, संजोए रखना, खजाना

inmates - कैदी, निवासी, वासी

furnish - सुस्सजित करना, प्रस्तुत करना

handful - मुट्ठी भर, मुट्ठी भर, अंजलि भर

blossoms - फूलना/खिलना/समृद्ध होना/फलना

But I, and the rest who continued well, enjoyed fully the beauties of the scene and season; they let us ramble in the wood, like gipsies, from morning till night; we did what we liked, went where we liked: we lived better too. Mr.

ramble - भ्रमण, बेसिर पैर की बातें करना

gipsies - जिप्सी, खानाबदोश, बंजारा

Brocklehurst and his family never came near Lowood now: household matters were not scrutinised into; the cross housekeeper was gone, driven away by the fear of infection; her successor, who had been matron at the Lowton Dispensary, unused to the ways of her new abode, provided with comparative liberality.

driven away - दूर चला गया

successor - वारिस

Matron - मेट्रन, अध्यक्षा नर्स

Dispensary - दवाखाना, चिकित्सालय

unused - खाली, अनभ्यस्त

Besides, there were fewer to feed; the sick could eat little; our breakfast-basins were better filled; when there was no time to prepare a regular dinner, which often happened, she would give us a large piece of cold pie, or a thick slice of bread and cheese, and this we carried away with us to the wood, where we each chose the spot we liked best, and dined sumptuously.

pie - कचौडी़

dined - हो हल्ला, शोरगुल, शोरगुल करना

sumptuously - वैभवपूर्ण ढंग से, आलीशान ढंग से

My favourite seat was a smooth and broad stone, rising white and dry from the very middle of the beck, and only to be got at by wading through the water; a feat I accomplished barefoot.

wading - पानी में चलना, (wad)

feat - वीरता का काम

accomplished - पाना, प्राप्त करना, पूरा करना

barefoot - नंगे पाँव, बिना जूते का

The stone was just broad enough to accommodate, comfortably, another girl and me, at that time my chosen comrade-one Mary Ann Wilson; a shrewd, observant personage, whose society I took pleasure in, partly because she was witty and original, and partly because she had a manner which set me at my ease.

accommodate - देना, सहायता करना, मिलाना

comfortably - आराम से

comrade - साथी, कामरेड

Mary - मेरी

Wilson - विल्सन

observant - चौकस, अनुपालक

witty - हाजिर जवाब, विनोदपूर्ण

ease - शांत करना, आराम, हल्का करना

Some years older than I, she knew more of the world, and could tell me many things I liked to hear: with her my curiosity found gratification: to my faults also she gave ample indulgence, never imposing curb or rein on anything I said.

curiosity - जिज्ञासा

imposing - लगाना, थोपना, लागू करना

curb - रोक, पटरी का किनारा, प्रतिबंध

rein - बागडोर

She had a turn for narrative, I for analysis; she liked to inform, I to question; so we got on swimmingly together, deriving much entertainment, if not much improvement, from our mutual intercourse.

inform - सूचना देना, सूचित करना

swimmingly - आसानी से, आराम से

deriving - उत्पन्न होना, प्राप्त करना

mutual - पारस्परिक, आपसी, परस्पर, एक जैसा

intercourse - संवाद

And where, meantime, was Helen Burns? Why did I not spend these sweet days of liberty with her? Had I forgotten her? or was I so worthless as to have grown tired of her pure society?

worthless - असार, बेकार

Surely the Mary Ann Wilson I have mentioned was inferior to my first acquaintance: she could only tell me amusing stories, and reciprocate any racy and pungent gossip I chose to indulge in; while, if I have spoken truth of Helen, she was qualified to give those who enjoyed the privilege of her converse a taste of far higher things.

amusing - मनोरंजक, विनोदी/मनोरंजक

reciprocate - आगे पीछे चलना, आगे पीछे चलाना

gossip - गप-शप, अफ़वाह

True, reader; and I knew and felt this: and though I am a defective being, with many faults and few redeeming points, yet I never tired of Helen Burns; nor ever ceased to cherish for her a sentiment of attachment, as strong, tender, and respectful as any that ever animated my heart.

cherish - मन में लाना/ध्यान करना, पालना

attachment - लगाव

tender - मुलायम, नरम

animated - जीवन संचार करना/प्राण डालना

How could it be otherwise, when Helen, at all times and under all circumstances, evinced for me a quiet and faithful friendship, which ill-humour never soured, nor irritation never troubled? But Helen was ill at present: for some weeks she had been removed from my sight to I knew not what room upstairs.

circumstances - दशा/अवस्था, स्थिति, परिस्थिति

evinced - इशारा

soured - गीला, खट्टा बनाना, खट्टा, रूखा

She was not, I was told, in the hospital portion of the house with the fever patients; for her complaint was consumption, not typhus: and by consumption I, in my ignorance, understood something mild, which time and care would be sure to alleviate.

consumption - खपत, मिलाना, संयोग

alleviate - कम करना, कम करना

I was confirmed in this idea by the fact of her once or twice coming downstairs on very warm sunny afternoons, and being taken by Miss Temple into the garden; but, on these occasions, I was not allowed to go and speak to her; I only saw her from the schoolroom window, and then not distinctly; for she was much wrapped up, and sat at a distance under the verandah.

One evening, in the beginning of June, I had stayed out very late with Mary Ann in the wood; we had, as usual, separated ourselves from the others, and had wandered far; so far that we lost our way, and had to ask it at a lonely cottage, where a man and woman lived, who looked after a herd of half-wild swine that fed on the mast in the wood.

herd - पशुओं का झुण्ड

swine - सूअर

mast - मस्तूल

When we got back, it was after moonrise: a pony, which we knew to be the surgeon's, was standing at the garden door. Mary Ann remarked that she supposed some one must be very ill, as Mr. Bates had been sent for at that time of the evening.

moonrise - चन्द्रोदय

pony - टट्टू, याबू

surgeon - शल्यचिकित्सक, जर्राह, सर्जन

She went into the house; I stayed behind a few minutes to plant in my garden a handful of roots I had dug up in the forest, and which I feared would wither if I left them till the morning.

dug - थन, (dig)

wither - कुम्हलाना

This done, I lingered yet a little longer: the flowers smelt so sweet as the dew fell; it was such a pleasant evening, so serene, so warm; the still glowing west promised so fairly another fine day on the morrow; the moon rose with such majesty in the grave east. I was noting these things and enjoying them as a child might, when it entered my mind as it had never done before:-

lingered - रुका रहना, ठहराना, टिका रहना

dew - ओस

glowing - चमकना, गरम करना, रंगना, लाली

"How sad to be lying now on a sick bed, and to be in danger of dying! This world is pleasant-it would be dreary to be called from it, and to have to go who knows where?"

sick bed - बीमारी के पलंग

And then my mind made its first earnest effort to comprehend what had been infused into it concerning heaven and hell; and for the first time it recoiled, baffled; and for the first time glancing behind, on each side, and before it, it saw all round an unfathomed gulf: it felt the one point where it stood-the present; all the rest was formless cloud and vacant depth; and it shuddered at the thought of tottering, and plunging amid that chaos. While pondering this new idea, I heard the front door open; Mr. Bates came out, and with him was a nurse. After she had seen him mount his horse and depart, she was about to close the door, but I ran up to her.

recoiled - पीछे हटना, ठिठकना, घबरा जाना

baffled - पर्दा{रुकावट}, रुकावट डालना

unfathomed - अथाह

Gulf - खाड़ी, खलीज, उपसागर

formless - आकारहीन, बिना आकृति वाला

Tottering - विचल, (totter) विचल

plunging - डूबना, (plunge) डूबना

amid - बीच में ही

depart - रवाना

"How is Helen Burns?"

"Very poorly," was the answer.

poorly - अस्वस्थ, लस्टमपस्टम

"Is it her Mr. Bates has been to see?"


"And what does he say about her?"

"He says she'll not be here long."

This phrase, uttered in my hearing yesterday, would have only conveyed the notion that she was about to be removed to Northumberland, to her own home. I should not have suspected that it meant she was dying; but I knew instantly now!

conveyed - प्रकट करना, ले जाना, पहुँचाना

It opened clear on my comprehension that Helen Burns was numbering her last days in this world, and that she was going to be taken to the region of spirits, if such region there were. I experienced a shock of horror, then a strong thrill of grief, then a desire-a necessity to see her; and I asked in what room she lay.

comprehension - बोध, समझ, अवगति, extension

thrill - रोमांचित करना

"She is in Miss Temple's room," said the nurse.