Jane - Giovanna

Charlotte - Carlotta


preface - prefazione, proemio, introduzione

A preface to the first edition of "Jane Eyre" being unnecessary, I gave none: this second edition demands a few words both of acknowledgment and miscellaneous remark.

edition - edizione

unnecessary - superfluo, eccessivo, inutile

none - nessuno, niente

demands - domanda, richiesta, rivendicazione, bisogno, necessita

acknowledgment - riconoscimento

miscellaneous - miscellaneo, eterogeneo

remark - osservazione, commento

My thanks are due in three quarters.

due - dovuto

To the Public, for the indulgent ear it has inclined to a plain tale with few pretensions.

public - pubblico

indulgent - indulgente

inclined - inclinare

plain - semplice

Tale - storia, resoconto

pretensions - pretesa

To the Press, for the fair field its honest suffrage has opened to an obscure aspirant.

press - premere, pigiare

fair - biondo, chiaro

field - campo, ambito

honest - onesto

suffrage - suffragio

obscure - oscuro, nascosto, oscurato, confuso, poco chiaro, vago

aspirant - aspirante

To my Publishers, for the aid their tact, their energy, their practical sense and frank liberality have afforded an unknown and unrecommended Author.

publishers - editore

aid - aiuto

tact - tatto

energy - energia, forza

practical - pratico, concreto, reale, funzionale

sense - senso, coscienza, sensazione, significato, tocco

frank - franco

liberality - liberalita

afforded - permettersi

an unknown - uno sconosciuto

unrecommended - non raccomandato

author - autore, autrice, creare

The Press and the Public are but vague personifications for me, and I must thank them in vague terms; but my Publishers are definite: so are certain generous critics who have encouraged me as only large-hearted and high-minded men know how to encourage a struggling stranger; to them, i.e., to my Publishers and the select Reviewers, I say cordially, Gentlemen, I thank you from my heart.

vague - vago

personifications - personificazione

terms - periodo, durata, mandato

definite - definito

Certain - certo, sicuro, tale, determinato

generous - magnanimo, generoso, abbondante

critics - critico, polemista, avversario, oppositore, concorrente

encouraged - incoraggiare, raccomandare, esortare, favorire

hearted - cuore

minded - mente

struggling - in difficolta, (struggle), lotta, lottare

Stranger - Straniero

select - scegliere, selezionare

reviewers - recensore

cordially - cordialmente

gentlemen - gentiluomo, galantuomo, signore, signor

Having thus acknowledged what I owe those who have aided and approved me, I turn to another class; a small one, so far as I know, but not, therefore, to be overlooked.

thus - cosi

acknowledged - riconoscere, ammettere, confermare

owe - dovere, essere in debito, essere debitore di

those - quelle, quei, quegli

aided - aiuto

approved - approvare

therefore - dunque, quindi, percio, pertanto

overlooked - dare su

I mean the timorous or carping few who doubt the tendency of such books as "Jane Eyre:" in whose eyes whatever is unusual is wrong; whose ears detect in each protest against bigotry-that parent of crime-an insult to piety, that regent of God on earth. I would suggest to such doubters certain obvious distinctions; I would remind them of certain simple truths.

timorous - timido

carping - carpire

tendency - tendenza

such - tale

whose - talian: di chi, cui

whatever - qualunque, qualsiasi, qualsivoglia, come vuoi

unusual - insolito, particolare, inusuale

detect - scoprire

protest - protestare, protesta

against - contrario, contro, in cambio di

bigotry - bigottismo

crime - crimine, delitto, reato, criminalita

insult - offendere, insultare, insulto, offesa, oltraggio

piety - pieta

Regent - reggente

God - Dio

earth - terra, massa, tana, mettere a terra, tcollegare a terra

suggest - proporre, suggerire

doubters - dubitatore

obvious - ovvio, evidente

distinctions - distinzione

remind - ricordare

simple - semplice, mero

truths - verita, veritate

Conventionality is not morality. Self-righteousness is not religion. To attack the first is not to assail the last. To pluck the mask from the face of the Pharisee, is not to lift an impious hand to the Crown of Thorns.

conventionality - convenzionalita

morality - moralita

self - stesso

righteousness - rettitudine

religion - religione

attack - attacco, assalire, attaccare

assail - assalire

Last - ultimo

pluck - pizzicare, spennare, spennacchiare, spiumare, corata, coratella

mask - maschera

Pharisee - fariseo

lift - alzare, sollevare

impious - empio

crown - corona

thorns - spina, aculeo

These things and deeds are diametrically opposed: they are as distinct as is vice from virtue. Men too often confound them: they should not be confounded: appearance should not be mistaken for truth; narrow human doctrines, that only tend to elate and magnify a few, should not be substituted for the world-redeeming creed of Christ.

deeds - fatto, gesto, gesta, prodezza, impresa

diametrically - diametralmente

opposed - opporre, obiettare, essere contrari, esibire

distinct - chiaro, distinto, diverso

vice - morsa, morsetto

virtue - virtu, merito

confounded - confondere

appearance - apparizione, comparsa, visione, apparenza, aspetto

be mistaken - sbagliarsi

truth - verita, veritate

narrow - stretto

human - umano

doctrines - dottrina

tend - badare a, custodire

elate - feliz

magnify - ingrandire, amplificare, ingigantire

substituted - sostituire, sostituto, rimpiazzo

redeeming - redimere, riacquistare

creed - credo

Christ - Cristo, porco Dio, porcodio

There is-I repeat it-a difference; and it is a good, and not a bad action to mark broadly and clearly the line of separation between them.

mark - Marco

broadly - in modo ampio

Clearly - chiaramente, certamente, evidentemente

separation - separazione

The world may not like to see these ideas dissevered, for it has been accustomed to blend them; finding it convenient to make external show pass for sterling worth-to let white-washed walls vouch for clean shrines.

dissevered - issever

accustomed - assuefarsi, abituarsi, adattarsi, familiarizzare

blend - miscela, combinazione, mix, amalgama, mescolare

Convenient - conveniente, comodo

external - esterno

pass for - passare per

sterling - sterlina, oro sterlina, argento sterlina

worth - valore

vouch for - garantire

shrines - reliquiario, santuario, edicola

It may hate him who dares to scrutinise and expose-to rase the gilding, and show base metal under it-to penetrate the sepulchre, and reveal charnel relics: but hate as it will, it is indebted to him.

dares - osare

scrutinise - scrutinare

expose - esporre, evidenziare, rivelare, mettere in luce

gilding - doratura

metal - metallo

penetrate - penetrare

sepulchre - sepolcro

reveal - rivelare, gettare la maschera, uscire allo scoperto

charnel - ossario

relics - ricordo, avanzo, cimelio, reliquia

indebted - indebitato

Ahab did not like Micaiah, because he never prophesied good concerning him, but evil; probably he liked the sycophant son of Chenaannah better; yet might Ahab have escaped a bloody death, had he but stopped his ears to flattery, and opened them to faithful counsel.

Ahab - Achab

prophesied - profetizzare

concerning - interesse, preoccupazione, impresa, interessare

evil - cattivo, maligno

sycophant - ruffiano, delatore, leccaculo, adulatore

escaped - scappare, fuggire, darsela a gambe, evitare, eludere

bloody - sanguinosa

Death - morte, dipartita, decesso, morire, la morte

flattery - salamelecchi, adulazione, piaggeria, sviolinata

faithful - fedele, ligio, affidabile

counsel - consiglio, avvocato

There is a man in our own days whose words are not framed to tickle delicate ears: who, to my thinking, comes before the great ones of society, much as the son of Imlah came before the throned Kings of Judah and Israel; and who speaks truth as deep, with a power as prophet-like and as vital-a mien as dauntless and as daring. Is the satirist of "Vanity Fair" admired in high places?

framed - incorniciare, incastrare, impalcatura, incastellatura, armatura

tickle - solleticare, titillare

delicate - delicato (1, 2)

Society - societa, associazione

throned - trono

Kings - re

Israel - Israele

deep - profondo, spesso, esteso, profondo (1, 2)

power - potere, influenza, potenza, forza, elettricita, corrente

prophet - profeta, vate, divinatore, aedo

vital - vitale, fondamentale

mien - cera, atteggiamento, postura, mimica

dauntless - senza paura

daring - audace

satirist - satirico, satirica, satiro

Vanity Fair - Vanity Fair

admired - ammirare

I cannot tell; but I think if some of those amongst whom he hurls the Greek fire of his sarcasm, and over whom he flashes the levin-brand of his denunciation, were to take his warnings in time-they or their seed might yet escape a fatal Rimoth-Gilead.

amongst - tra, in mezzo a

whom - chi, cui

hurls - lanciare, tirare, slanciare, vomitare, rimettere

Greek - greco, greca

sarcasm - sarcasmo

flashes - lampo

brand - tizzone, marchio a fuoco, marca

denunciation - denuncia

warnings - avvertimento, monito

seed - seme

escape - scappare, fuggire, darsela a gambe, evitare, eludere

fatal - fatale

Why have I alluded to this man?

alluded - alludere

I have alluded to him, Reader, because I think I see in him an intellect profounder and more unique than his contemporaries have yet recognised; because I regard him as the first social regenerator of the day-as the very master of that working corps who would restore to rectitude the warped system of things; because I think no commentator on his writings has yet found the comparison that suits him, the terms which rightly characterise his talent. They say he is like Fielding: they talk of his wit, humour, comic powers. He resembles Fielding as an eagle does a vulture: Fielding could stoop on carrion, but Thackeray never does. His wit is bright, his humour attractive, but both bear the same relation to his serious genius that the mere lambent sheet-lightning playing under the edge of the summer-cloud does to the electric death-spark hid in its womb. Finally, I have alluded to Mr. Thackeray, because to him-if he will accept the tribute of a total stranger-I have dedicated this second edition of "Jane Eyre."

intellect - intelletto

profounder - profondo

unique - unico, peculiare, speciale, singolare

contemporaries - contemporaneo, coetaneo, coevo

recognised - riconoscere

regard - considerare

social - sociale, socievole, estroverso, mondano

regenerator - rigeneratore

Master - padrone

corps - corpo

restore - ristabilire, restaurare, riportare, rimettere

rectitude - rettitudine, dirittura

warped - curvare, deformare

system - sistema

commentator - commentatore

writings - scritti

comparison - paragone, confronto, comparazione

suits - vestito, abito, seme, colore, soddisfare, adattarsi

rightly - giustamente

characterise - caratterizzare

talent - talento, talenti

Fielding - fielding

wit - spirito

humour - humour, umorismo, umore, accontentare, assecondare

comic - comico, fumetto, striscia, giornaletto, giornalino

powers - potere, influenza, potenza, forza, elettricita, corrente

resembles - rassomigliare, arieggiare

eagle - aquila, moneta di dieci dollaro

vulture - avvoltoio

stoop - chinarsi, abbassarsi

carrion - carogna

bright - luminoso, brillante

attractive - attrattivo, attraente, procace, stuzzicante, allettante

bear - sopportare

relation - relazione, parente

serious - serio, grave, critico

genius - genio

mere - semplice, solo

lambent - brush#Verb

sheet-lightning - (sheet-lightning) fulmino che illumina tutto il cielo

edge - orlo, bordo, lato, vantaggio, lama, filo, arco

cloud - annuvolarsi, oscurare, annebbiare

Electric - elettrico, elettronico

spark - scintilla

hid - nascosto

womb - utero, grembo, seno

finally - finalmente, alla fine, per concludere, infine, definitivamente

Mr - Signor

Accept - accettare, ammettere

tribute - omaggio, tributo

Total - totale, somma, intero

dedicated - consacrare, destinare, dedicarsi, dedicare, inaugurare


bell - campana

December 21st, 1847.


third - terzo, terza, atterzare

I avail myself of the opportunity which a third edition of "Jane Eyre" affords me, of again addressing a word to the Public, to explain that my claim to the title of novelist rests on this one work alone. If, therefore, the authorship of other works of fiction has been attributed to me, an honour is awarded where it is not merited; and consequently, denied where it is justly due.

avail - (2) inutile

myself - mi

opportunity - occasione, opportunita, possibilita, chance

affords - permettersi

claim - reclamo, rivendicazione, diritto, dichiarazione, affermazione

novelist - romanziere, romanziera

rests - riposo

alone - da solo, soltanto

authorship - paternita

fiction - finzione

attributed - attributo, caratteristica, attribuire

honour - onore

awarded - sentenza, premio, trofeo, medaglia, onorificenza

merited - merito, merto, meritare

consequently - di conseguenza

denied - negare

justly - giustamente

This explanation will serve to rectify mistakes which may already have been made, and to prevent future errors.

explanation - spiegazione, esplicazione, chiarificazione, esegesi

serve - servizio, servire, essere in forza, operare, lavorare per

rectify - sanare, rimediare, regolarizzare, distillare, rettificare

prevent - impedire, prevenire

errors - errore, sbaglio, vizio, mostrare un errore, mostrare errori


April 13th, 1848.


Chapter - capitolo

There was no possibility of taking a walk that day. We had been wandering, indeed, in the leafless shrubbery an hour in the morning; but since dinner (Mrs. Reed, when there was no company, dined early) the cold winter wind had brought with it clouds so sombre, and a rain so penetrating, that further out-door exercise was now out of the question.

possibility - possibilita, opportunita

wandering - vagabondaggio, (wander), errare, vagare, girovagare, passeggiare

indeed - infatti, davvero, realmente, effettivamente, gia

leafless - afillo

shrubbery - arbusti

Since - da allora, a partire da, da quando, poiché, giacché, dacché

Mrs - Signor

reed - canna, cannuccia

dined - cenare

wind - vento

clouds - annuvolarsi, oscurare, annebbiare

sombre - scuro

penetrating - penetrare

further - ulteriore, ulteriormente

I was glad of it: I never liked long walks, especially on chilly afternoons: dreadful to me was the coming home in the raw twilight, with nipped fingers and toes, and a heart saddened by the chidings of Bessie, the nurse, and humbled by the consciousness of my physical inferiority to Eliza, John, and Georgiana Reed.

Glad - contento, felice

especially - specialmente, soprattutto, specie, appositamente

chilly - freddo

dreadful - terribile

raw - crudo, grezzo, non raffinatato, naturale, aperta, vergine

twilight - crepuscolo, penombra

nipped - pizzicare, pungere, mordere

fingers - dito

toes - dito del piede, dito, dito della zampa, punta

heart - cuore

saddened - intristire, rattristare, rattristire

chidings - di rimproverare

humbled - umile

consciousness - conoscenza, coscienza

physical - fisico

inferiority - inferiorita

The said Eliza, John, and Georgiana were now clustered round their mama in the drawing-room: she lay reclined on a sofa by the fireside, and with her darlings about her (for the time neither quarrelling nor crying) looked perfectly happy.

clustered - gruppo, grappolo

round - rotondo, tondo

mama - mamma

lay - posare

reclined - giacere, appoggiarsi

sofa - divano, sofa

by the fireside - accanto al caminetto

darlings - tesoro, amore

neither - nessuno, né X né Y, neanche, nemmeno, neppure, manco

quarrelling - litigare

nor - neanche, nemmeno

crying - piangere, (cry), gridare, urlare, pianto, urlo, verso

perfectly happy - perfettamente felice

Me, she had dispensed from joining the group; saying, "She regretted to be under the necessity of keeping me at a distance; but that until she heard from Bessie, and could discover by her own observation, that I was endeavouring in good earnest to acquire a more sociable and childlike disposition, a more attractive and sprightly manner-something lighter, franker, more natural, as it were-she really must exclude me from privileges intended only for contented, happy, little children."

dispensed - dispensare

regretted - rimpiangere, rammaricarsi, pentirsi, rammarico, rimpianto

necessity - necessita, bisogno

distance - distanza

discover - scoprire, trovare

observation - osservazione

endeavouring - tentare

earnest - serio

acquire - acquisire

more sociable - piu socievole

childlike - infantile

disposition - carattere

more attractive - piu attraente

sprightly - arzillo

manner - maniera, modo

more natural - piu naturale

exclude - escludere

privileges - privilegio, prerogativa

intended - previsto, disciplinato, (intend), intendere, avere in animo

contented - contento, soddisfatto

"What does Bessie say I have done?" I asked.

"Jane, I don't like cavillers or questioners; besides, there is something truly forbidding in a child taking up her elders in that manner. Be seated somewhere; and until you can speak pleasantly, remain silent."

questioners - interrogante

besides - accanto, vicino

truly - accuratamente, veramente, molto

forbidding - proibire, (forbid), vietare, negare, smentire

taking up - occupare, assumere, prendere

elders - piu vecchio/anziano*, maggiore

seated - posto, seduta, sedile, scranno

somewhere - da qualche parte, in qualche luogo, in qualche parte

pleasantly - dilettosamente

remain - stare, restare, rimanere

silent - silenzioso, muto, silente, tranquillo, silenzio

A breakfast-room adjoined the drawing-room, I slipped in there. It contained a bookcase: I soon possessed myself of a volume, taking care that it should be one stored with pictures. I mounted into the window-seat: gathering up my feet, I sat cross-legged, like a Turk; and, having drawn the red moreen curtain nearly close, I was shrined in double retirement.

adjoined - essere vicino a, essere vicina a

slipped - scivolare

contained - contenere

bookcase - libreria

possessed - possiede

volume - volume

care - cura, attenzione

stored - magazzino, deposito, scorta, immagazzinare, registrare

mounted - montare, salire

seat - posto, seduta, sedile, scranno

gathering - raccolta, (gather), cogliere, collezionare, radunarsi

Cross - croce, segno della croce, incrocio, cross, diagonale, irritato

Turk - turco, turca

curtain - tenda, tappezzeria, drappo, drappeggio

nearly - quasi, praticamente, circa

shrined - reliquiario, santuario, edicola

double - doppio, doppia, sosia, doppione, doppiare

retirement - pensionamento

Folds of scarlet drapery shut in my view to the right hand; to the left were the clear panes of glass, protecting, but not separating me from the drear November day. At intervals, while turning over the leaves of my book, I studied the aspect of that winter afternoon.

folds - piegare

scarlet - scarlatto

drapery - tenda

shut - chiudere

view - vista, veduta, visualizzazione, visione, opinione

clear - trasparente, limpido, pulito, chiaro, nitido

panes - vetro

protecting - proteggere

separating - separato, separata, separare, dividere

intervals - intervallo

turning over - girare

aspect - aspetto

Afar, it offered a pale blank of mist and cloud; near a scene of wet lawn and storm-beat shrub, with ceaseless rain sweeping away wildly before a long and lamentable blast.

afar - afar

offered - offrire

pale - pallido

blank - intonso, in bianco, vuoto, intatto, vergine, cartuccia a salve

mist - nebbia, foschia

scene - scena

wet - bagnato, impregnato, piovoso, uggioso, bagnare

lawn - prato

storm - tempesta, bufera

beat - colpire, percuotere

shrub - arbusto

ceaseless - incessante

sweeping away - spazzare via

wildly - selvaggiamente

lamentable - lamentabile

blast - ventata

I returned to my book-Bewick's History of British Birds: the letterpress thereof I cared little for, generally speaking; and yet there were certain introductory pages that, child as I was, I could not pass quite as a blank.

British - britannici, britannico

letterpress - stampa tipografica

thereof - ne

generally speaking - in generale

introductory - introduttivo

pass - passare

They were those which treat of the haunts of sea-fowl; of "the solitary rocks and promontories" by them only inhabited; of the coast of Norway, studded with isles from its southern extremity, the Lindeness, or Naze, to the North Cape-

treat - trattare, trattenimento, festeggiamento, sorpresa

haunts - infestare, tormentare, ritrovo

fowl - volatile

solitary - solitario

rocks - roccia

promontories - promontorio

inhabited - abitare

coast - costa

Norway - Norvegia

studded - scuderia

Isles - isola

southern - meridionale

extremity - estremita

Cape - cappa

"Where the Northern Ocean, in vast whirls,

Northern - settentrionale, nordico, boreale

Ocean - oceano

vast - ampio, vasto, esteso, grande

whirls - turbinare, piroettare, roteare

Boils round the naked, melancholy isles

boils - bollire

naked - nudo

melancholy - malinconia

Of farthest Thule; and the Atlantic surge

Atlantic - Atlantico

surge - agirarsi, sollevarsi

Pours in among the stormy Hebrides."

pours - versare, riversarsi

among - tra, fra, in mezzo a

stormy - tempestoso

Hebrides - Ebridi

Nor could I pass unnoticed the suggestion of the bleak shores of Lapland, Siberia, Spitzbergen, Nova Zembla, Iceland, Greenland, with "the vast sweep of the Arctic Zone, and those forlorn regions of dreary space,-that reservoir of frost and snow, where firm fields of ice, the accumulation of centuries of winters, glazed in Alpine heights above heights, surround the pole, and concentre the multiplied rigours of extreme cold." Of these death-white realms I formed an idea of my own: shadowy, like all the half-comprehended notions that float dim through children's brains, but strangely impressive. The words in these introductory pages connected themselves with the succeeding vignettes, and gave significance to the rock standing up alone in a sea of billow and spray; to the broken boat stranded on a desolate coast; to the cold and ghastly moon glancing through bars of cloud at a wreck just sinking.

unnoticed - inosservato

suggestion - suggestione, suggerimento, proposta

bleak - desolato

shores - spiaggia

Lapland - Lapponia

Siberia - Siberia

Nova - nova

Iceland - Islanda

Greenland - Groenlandia

sweep - spazzare, scopare, ramazzare, setacciare, spazzata

Arctic Zone - Zona Artica

forlorn - abbandonato, negletto, derelitto, dimenticato, miserevole

regions - regione

dreary - melanconico, malinconico

reservoir - invaso

frost - brina, gelata, gelo, checkgalaverna, checkgelo, brinare

firm - fermo, sicuro

fields - campo, ambito

accumulation - accumulazione, accumulo

glazed - gelicidio, velatura

Alpine - alpestre, alpino

heights - altezza, apice, culmine, vetta, cima

surround - circondare, accerchiare, assediare

pole - polo

concentre - concentrarsi

multiplied - moltiplicare

rigours - rigore

extreme - estremo, profondo

realms - reame, regno, dominio, sfera

shadowy - ombroso

comprehended - comprendere, capire

notions - nozione, concetto, opinione, inclinazione, intenzione

float - galleggiare, appianatoia, frattazzo, pialletto, carro allegorico

dim - fioco, incerto

brains - cervello, or when used as food

strangely - stranamente

impressive - impressionante, spettacolare, notevole, eccitante

connected - connettere, connettersi, cablare, collegare

themselves - essi stessi

succeeding - succedere, riuscire

vignettes - vignetta

significance - significanza, significativita, importanza

Rock - roccia

billow - maroso

spray - spray, spruzzo, (getto vaporizzato)

stranded - arenato

desolate - desolato, deserto, abbandonato, nero

ghastly - terrificante, spaventoso, agghiacciante, terribile, pessimo

moon - Luna

glancing - radente, (glance), dare un'occhiata, sbirciare, occhieggiare

bars - barra, tavoletta, sbarra

wreck - relitto, rottame, carcassa, carretta

sinking - affondamento, naufragio, (sink), affondare

I cannot tell what sentiment haunted the quite solitary churchyard, with its inscribed headstone; its gate, its two trees, its low horizon, girdled by a broken wall, and its newly-risen crescent, attesting the hour of eventide.

sentiment - sentimento

haunted - infestare, tormentare, ritrovo

churchyard - cimitero

inscribed - scrivere, incidere

headstone - lapide

Gate - cancello, portone

low - basso

horizon - orizzonte

girdled - cintura

newly - di recente

risen - aumentare, alzarsi, crescere

Crescent - crescente, falce, mezzaluna, cornetto

attesting - attestare

The two ships becalmed on a torpid sea, I believed to be marine phantoms.

ships - nave

torpid - torpido

marine - marino, marittimo

phantoms - fantasma, spettro, immaginario, immaginaria, irreale

The fiend pinning down the thief's pack behind him, I passed over quickly: it was an object of terror.

fiend - demonio

pinning - appuntare

thief - ladro, ladra, ladruncolo, borsaiolo

pack - fagotto, sacca

passed over - passare davanti, lasciare qualcosa, ignorare

terror - terrore

So was the black horned thing seated aloof on a rock, surveying a distant crowd surrounding a gallows.

horned - corno, clacson

aloof - con distacco, distaccato

surveying - rilievo, (survey), sondaggio, inchiesta, indagine, ricognizione

distant - distante, remoto

crowd - folla

surrounding - periferia, circostante, (surround), circondare, accerchiare

gallows - forca

Each picture told a story; mysterious often to my undeveloped understanding and imperfect feelings, yet ever profoundly interesting: as interesting as the tales Bessie sometimes narrated on winter evenings, when she chanced to be in good humour; and when, having brought her ironing-table to the nursery hearth, she allowed us to sit about it, and while she got up Mrs.

mysterious - misterioso, ignoto

undeveloped - poco sviluppato, sottosviluppato

imperfect - imperfetto, imperfetta

feelings - sentimenti

profoundly - profondamente

tales - storia, resoconto

Narrated - raccontare, narrare

chanced - caso

ironing - stirare

nursery - sala dei bambini, vivaio

hearth - focolare, letto della fornace, focolare domestico

allowed - lasciare, permettere, concedere, consentire

Reed's lace frills, and crimped her nightcap borders, fed our eager attention with passages of love and adventure taken from old fairy tales and other ballads; or (as at a later period I discovered) from the pages of Pamela, and Henry, Earl of Moreland.

lace - laccio, stringa

frills - volant, (merletto di rifinitura)

crimped - crimpare

nightcap - berretto frigio, berretto da notte, papalina

borders - confine, frontiera, orlo

fed - alimentato

eager - desideroso

attention - attenzione, allerta, sull'attenti

passages - passaggio

adventure - avventura

fairy tales - favole/fiabe

ballads - ballata

discovered - scoprire, trovare

earl - conte

With Bewick on my knee, I was then happy: happy at least in my way. I feared nothing but interruption, and that came too soon. The breakfast-room door opened.

feared - temere

interruption - interruzione

"Boh! Madam Mope!" cried the voice of John Reed; then he paused: he found the room apparently empty.

madam - signora, padrona di casa, madama

Mope - piangersi addosso

cried - piangere, gridare, urlare, pianto, urlo, verso

voice - voce

paused - mettere in pausa, pausa

apparently - chiaramente, evidentemente, apparentemente, sembra che

empty - vuoto, vuotare, svuotare

"Where the dickens is she!" he continued. "Lizzy! Georgy! (calling to his sisters) Joan is not here: tell mama she is run out into the rain-bad animal!"

dickens - Transliterations of the surname

continued - continuare

"It is well I drew the curtain," thought I; and I wished fervently he might not discover my hiding-place: nor would John Reed have found it out himself; he was not quick either of vision or conception; but Eliza just put her head in at the door, and said at once-

wished - desiderio, voglia, volere, desiderare, augurare

fervently - ferventemente, fervorosamente

hiding - nascondersi

either - ciascuno, entrambi, ogni, neanche, nemmeno

vision - vista, acutezza visiva, visione, allucinazione, miraggio

conception - concezione, concepimento, concetto

"She is in the window-seat, to be sure, Jack."

Jack - Gianni, Giacomo, Giacobbe, Jacopo, Iago

And I came out immediately, for I trembled at the idea of being dragged forth by the said Jack.

immediately - immediatamente, subito, su due piedi

trembled - tremare, tremolare, tremore

dragged - trascinare, tirare

forth - avanti

"What do you want?" I asked, with awkward diffidence.

awkward - maldestro, impacciato, goffo, imbarazzato, poco opportuno

diffidence - diffidenza

"Say, 'What do you want, Master Reed?'" was the answer. "I want you to come here;" and seating himself in an arm-chair, he intimated by a gesture that I was to approach and stand before him.

seating - posti a sedere, (seat), posto, seduta, sedile, scranno

arm-chair - (arm-chair) poltrona

intimated - stretto, intimo, privato, proprio, personale

gesture - gesto

approach - avvicinarsi

John Reed was a schoolboy of fourteen years old; four years older than I, for I was but ten: large and stout for his age, with a dingy and unwholesome skin; thick lineaments in a spacious visage, heavy limbs and large extremities. He gorged himself habitually at table, which made him bilious, and gave him a dim and bleared eye and flabby cheeks.

schoolboy - alunno, scolaro

stout - solido

dingy - sporco

unwholesome - malsano, insalubre, sfavorevole, corrotto

skin - pelle, interfaccia, scuoiare

thick - spesso, pesante, folto, tonto

lineaments - lineamenti

spacious - spazioso

visage - countenance, appearance, face

heavy - pesante

limbs - membro, arto

extremities - estremita

gorged - gola

habitually - abitualmente

bilious - bilioso

bleared - sbiancare

flabby cheeks - guance flaccide

He ought now to have been at school; but his mama had taken him home for a month or two, "on account of his delicate health." Mr.

on account - in conto

Miles, the master, affirmed that he would do very well if he had fewer cakes and sweetmeats sent him from home; but the mother's heart turned from an opinion so harsh, and inclined rather to the more refined idea that John's sallowness was owing to over-application and, perhaps, to pining after home.

affirmed - affermare

sweetmeats - carne dolce

mother's heart - cuore di madre

harsh - grossolano, ruvido, rude, aspro (taste), accidentato

Rather - rato

more refined - piu raffinato

sallowness - salud

owing to - a causa di

application - applicazione, impiego, applicativo, programma, candidatura

Perhaps - forse

pining - spillo, spilla, molletta

John had not much affection for his mother and sisters, and an antipathy to me. He bullied and punished me; not two or three times in the week, nor once or twice in the day, but continually: every nerve I had feared him, and every morsel of flesh in my bones shrank when he came near.

affection - affetto

antipathy - antipatia

bullied - bullo, spaccone, smargiasso, prepotente

punished - punire, castigare

continually - continuamente

nerve - nervo, nervatura, coraggio, faccia tosta, sfacciataggine

feared - paura

morsel - boccone

flesh - carne

bones - osso, lisca, spina

shrank - restringersi, ritirarsi, strizzacervelli, psichiatra

There were moments when I was bewildered by the terror he inspired, because I had no appeal whatever against either his menaces or his inflictions; the servants did not like to offend their young master by taking my part against him, and Mrs.

bewildered - confondere, disorientare, sconcertare

inspired - ispirare

appeal - fare appello, ricorrere

menaces - minaccia

inflictions - imposizione, irrogazione, inflizione

servants - servo, servitore, domestico, famiglio

offend - offendere

Reed was blind and deaf on the subject: she never saw him strike or heard him abuse me, though he did both now and then in her very presence, more frequently, however, behind her back.

blind - cieco, orbo, tenda, accecare, ciecamente

deaf - sordo, i sordo

strike - cancellare, colpire, coniare, scioperare, sembrare, arrendersi, sciopero

abuse - abusare

though - comunque, nonostante, in ogni caso, ad ogni modo, anche se

presence - presenza

frequently - frequentemente, spesso, continuamente

Habitually obedient to John, I came up to his chair: he spent some three minutes in thrusting out his tongue at me as far as he could without damaging the roots: I knew he would soon strike, and while dreading the blow, I mused on the disgusting and ugly appearance of him who would presently deal it.

obedient - ubbidiente

thrusting - spinta, (thrust), stoccata

tongue - lingua, linguetta

damaging - danno, danneggiare, rovinare, macchiare

roots - radice

dreading - temere, timore

blow - colpo

mused - Musa

disgusting - disgustare, ripugnare, nauseare, stomacare

ugly - brutto, sgradevole

Presently - Attualmente

deal - accordo

I wonder if he read that notion in my face; for, all at once, without speaking, he struck suddenly and strongly. I tottered, and on regaining my equilibrium retired back a step or two from his chair.

wonder - meraviglia, domandarsi, chiedersi

notion - nozione, concetto, opinione, inclinazione, intenzione

struck - cancellare, colpire, coniare, scioperare, sembrare, arrendersi, sciopero

suddenly - all'improvviso, improvvisamente

strongly - fortemente, fermamente, ampiamente

tottered - barcollare

Regaining - riprendere, riappropriarsi, recuperare, riguadagnare

equilibrium - equilibrio, quiete

retired - (andare in pensione)

step - passo

"That is for your impudence in answering mama awhile since," said he, "and for your sneaking way of getting behind curtains, and for the look you had in your eyes two minutes since, you rat!"

impudence - impudenza, sfrontatezza

awhile - per un po'

sneaking - imbroglione, lestofante, furfante, intrufolarsi, sgusciare

curtains - tenda, tappezzeria, drappo, drappeggio

rat - ratto

Accustomed to John Reed's abuse, I never had an idea of replying to it; my care was how to endure the blow which would certainly follow the insult.

replying - rispondere, replicare, ripetere, risposta, replica

endure - durare, restare, resistere, perdurare, tollerare

Certainly - certamente, senza dubbio, non ci piove, evidentemente

"What were you doing behind the curtain?" he asked.

"I was reading."

"Show the book."

I returned to the window and fetched it thence.

fetched - andare a prendere, portare

thence - di la

"You have no business to take our books; you are a dependent, mama says; you have no money; your father left you none; you ought to beg, and not to live here with gentlemen's children like us, and eat the same meals we do, and wear clothes at our mama's expense. Now, I'll teach you to rummage my bookshelves: for they are mine; all the house belongs to me, or will do in a few years.

dependent - dipendente

beg - elemosinare, chiedere l'elemosina

expense - spesa

rummage - frugare, rovistare, rivoltare, scuriosare, buttare all'aria

bookshelves - libreria

mine - mio, mia, mie, miei

belongs - appartenere a

Go and stand by the door, out of the way of the mirror and the windows."

mirror - specchio, copia speculare

I did so, not at first aware what was his intention; but when I saw him lift and poise the book and stand in act to hurl it, I instinctively started aside with a cry of alarm: not soon enough, however; the volume was flung, it hit me, and I fell, striking my head against the door and cutting it. The cut bled, the pain was sharp: my terror had passed its climax; other feelings succeeded.

aware - all'erta, consapevole, conscio, checkconsapevole

intention - intenzione, intento

poise - stato di grazia, poise

act - atto, legge, numero, scena, messinscena, agire, recitare, fare

hurl - lanciare, tirare, slanciare, vomitare, rimettere

instinctively - istintivamente

aside - a parte, in disparte

cry - piangere, gridare, urlare, pianto, urlo, verso

alarm - allarme

flung - lanciare

hit - colpire, battere

striking - impressionante, sconcertante

bled - sanguinare

pain - dolore

sharp - affilato, aguzzo, intelligente, acuto, appuntito, diesis, acre

passed - passare

climax - eccitamento, orgasmo

succeeded - succedere, riuscire

"Wicked and cruel boy!" I said. "You are like a murderer-you are like a slave-driver-you are like the Roman emperors!"

wicked - cattivo

cruel - crudele

murderer - assassino, assassina

slave - schiavo, schiava, sgobbare

Roman - romano, romana

emperors - imperatore

I had read Goldsmith's History of Rome, and had formed my opinion of Nero, Caligula, etc. Also I had drawn parallels in silence, which I never thought thus to have declared aloud.

goldsmith - orafo, orafa, orefice

Rome - Roma, impero romano

etc - ecc

parallels - parallelo, parallelamente, omologo

silence - silenzio, silenziare, azzittire, mettere a tacere

declared - dichiarare

aloud - a voce alta, ad alta voce

"What! what!" he cried. "Did she say that to me? Did you hear her, Eliza and Georgiana? Won't I tell mama? but first-"

He ran headlong at me: I felt him grasp my hair and my shoulder: he had closed with a desperate thing. I really saw in him a tyrant, a murderer. I felt a drop or two of blood from my head trickle down my neck, and was sensible of somewhat pungent suffering: these sensations for the time predominated over fear, and I received him in frantic sort.

headlong - a capofitto

grasp - afferrare, avvinghiare, avvinghiarsi, agguantare

desperate - disperato

tyrant - tiranno

drop - goccia

blood - sangue

trickle - gocciolio, sgocciolio, gocciolare, sgocciolare

neck - collo

sensible - percepibile, apprezzabile, sensibile, razionale, giudizioso

somewhat - in qualche modo

pungent - pungente, acre, salace, tagliente

suffering - sofferenza, (suffer), soffrire, penare, patire, aggravarsi

sensations - sensazione, senso, impressione

predominated - predominare (all)

fear - paura

received - ricevere

frantic - frenetico, esagitato

sort - sorta, tipo

I don't very well know what I did with my hands, but he called me "Rat! Rat!" and bellowed out aloud. Aid was near him: Eliza and Georgiana had run for Mrs. Reed, who was gone upstairs: she now came upon the scene, followed by Bessie and her maid Abbot. We were parted: I heard the words-

bellowed - ruggito, muggire, ruggire

upon - su, a

maid - signorina, cameriera

Abbot - abate

"Dear! dear! What a fury to fly at Master John!"

fury - furia, furore

"Did ever anybody see such a picture of passion!"

Anybody - qualcuno

passion - passione

Then Mrs. Reed subjoined-

subjoined - congiungere

"Take her away to the red-room, and lock her in there." Four hands were immediately laid upon me, and I was borne upstairs.

lock - serratura

laid - posare

borne - sopportare


I resisted all the way: a new thing for me, and a circumstance which greatly strengthened the bad opinion Bessie and Miss Abbot were disposed to entertain of me.

resisted - resistere

circumstance - circostanza, dettaglio, caso, circonlocuzione, situazione

greatly - molto, grandemente, assai, oltremodo

strengthened - rinforzare, rafforzare, corroborare, animare, intensificare

disposed - eliminare, disporre, mettere, depositare, distribuire

entertain - intrattenere

The fact is, I was a trifle beside myself; or rather out of myself, as the French would say: I was conscious that a moment's mutiny had already rendered me liable to strange penalties, and, like any other rebel slave, I felt resolved, in my desperation, to go all lengths.

trifle - zuppa inglese, un tantino, un po', bagattella, briciola

beside - accanto, vicino

Rather - preferibilmente, piuttosto, abbastanza, meglio

French - francese

conscious - cosciente, conscio, consapevole

mutiny - ammutinamento

rendered - rendere

liable - responsabile, punibile, passibile

strange - strano, anormale

penalties - penalita

rebel - ribelle

resolved - decidere

desperation - disperazione

lengths - lunghezza

"Hold her arms, Miss Abbot: she's like a mad cat."

hold - tenere

mad - pazzo, folle, matto, insano

"For shame! for shame!" cried the lady's-maid. "What shocking conduct, Miss Eyre, to strike a young gentleman, your benefactress's son! Your young master."

shame - vergogna

lady - signora, dama, lady

shocking - shock, choc

conduct - conduzione, comportamento, condotta, condurre, comportarsi

gentleman - gentiluomo, galantuomo, signore, signor

benefactress - benefattrice

"Master! How is he my master? Am I a servant?"

servant - servo, servitore, domestico, famiglio

"No; you are less than a servant, for you do nothing for your keep. There, sit down, and think over your wickedness."

think over - riflettere

wickedness - cattiveria

They had got me by this time into the apartment indicated by Mrs. Reed, and had thrust me upon a stool: my impulse was to rise from it like a spring; their two pair of hands arrested me instantly.

indicated - indicare, mostrare

thrust - stoccata, spinta

stool - sgabello

impulse - impulso, aire, slancio, abbrivo

rise - aumentare, alzarsi, crescere

arrested - arresto, arrestare

instantly - istantaneamente

"If you don't sit still, you must be tied down," said Bessie. "Miss Abbot, lend me your garters; she would break mine directly."

be tied - essere legato

lend - prestare

garters - giarrettiera, giarrettella

directly - direttamente

Miss Abbot turned to divest a stout leg of the necessary ligature. This preparation for bonds, and the additional ignominy it inferred, took a little of the excitement out of me.

divest - spogliare, disinvestire

necessary - necessario

ligature - legatura, logotipo

preparation - preparazione

Bonds - legame

additional - addizionale

ignominy - ignominia, infamia

inferred - inferire, dedurre, concludere, infliggere, implicare

excitement - eccitamento, orgasmo, fregola

"Don't take them off," I cried; "I will not stir."

stir - rimescolare

In guarantee whereof, I attached myself to my seat by my hands.

guarantee - garanzia, garante, garantire, assicurare

whereof - di che cosa

attached - legare

"Mind you don't," said Bessie; and when she had ascertained that I was really subsiding, she loosened her hold of me; then she and Miss Abbot stood with folded arms, looking darkly and doubtfully on my face, as incredulous of my sanity.

Mind you - nota, si prega di notare

ascertained - accertare, appurare, stabilire, constatare

subsiding - sprofondare, abbassare, abbassarsi, scendere

loosened - allentare

folded - piegare

darkly - oscuramente

doubtfully - dubbiosamente

incredulous - incredulo

sanity - sanita

"She never did so before," at last said Bessie, turning to the Abigail.

Abigail - , Abigail, Abigaille

"But it was always in her," was the reply. "I've told Missis often my opinion about the child, and Missis agreed with me. She's an underhand little thing: I never saw a girl of her age with so much cover."

reply - rispondere, replicare, ripetere, risposta, replica

missis - signorina

underhand - subdolo, sfuggente, viscido, subdolamente, sottobanco

cover - copertura, copertina, copriletto

Bessie answered not; but ere long, addressing me, she said-"You ought to be aware, Miss, that you are under obligations to Mrs. Reed: she keeps you: if she were to turn you off, you would have to go to the poorhouse."

ere - qui

obligations - vincolo, obbligo, dovere, obbligazione

poorhouse - casa dei poveri

I had nothing to say to these words: they were not new to me: my very first recollections of existence included hints of the same kind. This reproach of my dependence had become a vague sing-song in my ear: very painful and crushing, but only half intelligible. Miss Abbot joined in-

recollections - ricordo

existence - esistenza

hints - accenno, allusione, indizio, aiuto

reproach - rimbrotto, rimprovero, appunto, richiamo

dependence - dipendenza

painful - doloroso

crushing - ressa, calca, cotta, schiacciare, pigiare, frantumare

intelligible - intelligibile

"And you ought not to think yourself on an equality with the Misses Reed and Master Reed, because Missis kindly allows you to be brought up with them. They will have a great deal of money, and you will have none: it is your place to be humble, and to try to make yourself agreeable to them."

equality - parita, uguaglianza, eguaglianza, egualita, ugualita

kindly - gentilmente

allows - lasciare, permettere, concedere, consentire

humble - umile

agreeable - gradevole

"What we tell you is for your good," added Bessie, in no harsh voice, "you should try to be useful and pleasant, then, perhaps, you would have a home here; but if you become passionate and rude, Missis will send you away, I am sure."

pleasant - piacevole, gradito, gradevole

passionate - appassionato

rude - rude, maleducato, oscena, offensivo

"Besides," said Miss Abbot, "God will punish her: He might strike her dead in the midst of her tantrums, and then where would she go? Come, Bessie, we will leave her: I wouldn't have her heart for anything. Say your prayers, Miss Eyre, when you are by yourself; for if you don't repent, something bad might be permitted to come down the chimney and fetch you away."

punish - punire, castigare

dead - morto

midst - in mezzo a*

tantrums - bizza, capriccio

prayers - preghiera

repent - pentirsi

permitted - permettere

chimney - camino, ciminiera, fumaiolo, bulbo

fetch - andare a prendere, portare

They went, shutting the door, and locking it behind them.

shutting - chiudere

locking - serratura

The red-room was a square chamber, very seldom slept in, I might say never, indeed, unless when a chance influx of visitors at Gateshead Hall rendered it necessary to turn to account all the accommodation it contained: yet it was one of the largest and stateliest chambers in the mansion.

square - quadrato, squadra, piazza, sagrato, casella, convenzionale

seldom - raramente, di rado

Unless - a meno che, se non

chance - caso

influx - afflusso

hall - corridoio, sala

turn to account - rendere conto

accommodation - alloggio, sistemazione

stateliest - prestante

chambers - camera, camera da letto

mansion - reggia, dimora, palazzo, villa

A bed supported on massive pillars of mahogany, hung with curtains of deep red damask, stood out like a tabernacle in the centre; the two large windows, with their blinds always drawn down, were half shrouded in festoons and falls of similar drapery; the carpet was red; the table at the foot of the bed was covered with a crimson cloth; the walls were a soft fawn colour with a blush of pink in it; the wardrobe, the toilet-table, the chairs were of darkly polished old mahogany. Out of these deep surrounding shades rose high, and glared white, the piled-up mattresses and pillows of the bed, spread with a snowy Marseilles counterpane. Scarcely less prominent was an ample cushioned easy-chair near the head of the bed, also white, with a footstool before it; and looking, as I thought, like a pale throne.

supported - sostenere

massive - massiccio, imponente, enorme, massivo, voluminoso

pillars - pilastro

mahogany - mogano

hung - appendere, attaccare

damask - damasco, damascare

tabernacle - tabernacolo

blinds - cieco, orbo, tenda, accecare, ciecamente

shrouded - sindone, (lenzuolo funebre)

festoons - ghirlanda, festone, inghirlandare

carpet - tappeto, moquette, coprire

covered - coperto, coperchio, copertura, nascondiglio, copertina, coperta

crimson - cremisi, granata

cloth - stoffa, tessuto, tela, panno, straccio

soft - morbido

Fawn - daino, cerbiatto

blush - rossore

wardrobe - armadio, guardaroba

toilet-table - (toilet-table) tavolo da bagno

polished - polacco

shades - ombra, persiana, tonalita, gradazione, nuance, varieta

rose - Rosa

glared - bagliore, lampo, frecciata

piled-up - (piled-up) accumulare

mattresses - materasso

pillows - guanciale, cuscino, testiera

spread - spartire, allargare, spargere, diffondere, sparpagliare

snowy - innevato

Marseilles - Marsiglia

counterpane - copriletto

scarcely - a malapena

prominent - ordine del giorno

ample - ampio, abbondante

cushioned - cuscino, sponda, ammortizzare, attutire

footstool - sgabello, poggiapiedi

throne - trono

This room was chill, because it seldom had a fire; it was silent, because remote from the nursery and kitchen; solemn, because it was known to be so seldom entered. The house-maid alone came here on Saturdays, to wipe from the mirrors and the furniture a week's quiet dust: and Mrs.

chill - freddo

remote - remoto

solemn - solenne

entered - entrare, immettere, digitare

on Saturdays - il sabato

wipe - spolverare, strofinare

mirrors - specchio, copia speculare

furniture - mobilio

dust - polvere, spolverare

Reed herself, at far intervals, visited it to review the contents of a certain secret drawer in the wardrobe, where were stored divers parchments, her jewel-casket, and a miniature of her deceased husband; and in those last words lies the secret of the red-room-the spell which kept it so lonely in spite of its grandeur.

review - revisione, rivisitazione, recensione, critica, riesame, rivista

Contents - contento, soddisfatto

secret - segreto

drawer - cassetto

divers - tuffatore, tuffatrice, tuffista, palombaro

parchments - pergamena, membrana, cartapecora, vello

jewel - gemma, gioiello

casket - scrigno, cofanetto, urna

miniature - miniatura

deceased - decesso, morire

lies - bugia

lonely - solo, solitario, malinconico, desolato, isolato

spite - dispetto, rancore

grandeur - grandiosita

Mr. Reed had been dead nine years: it was in this chamber he breathed his last; here he lay in state; hence his coffin was borne by the undertaker's men; and, since that day, a sense of dreary consecration had guarded it from frequent intrusion.

chamber - camera, camera da letto

breathed - respirare

lay in - accumulare

state - Stato

hence - da qui, percio, dunque, quindi, da cio

coffin - bara, cassa da morto, feretro

undertaker - impresario di pompe funebri

consecration - talian: t-needed

guarded - guardia, piantone, custode, elsa

frequent - frequente

intrusion - intrusione

My seat, to which Bessie and the bitter Miss Abbot had left me riveted, was a low ottoman near the marble chimney-piece; the bed rose before me; to my right hand there was the high, dark wardrobe, with subdued, broken reflections varying the gloss of its panels; to my left were the muffled windows; a great looking-glass between them repeated the vacant majesty of the bed and room.

Bitter - amaro, aspro

riveted - rivetto, ribattino, chiodare

ottoman - pouf

marble - marmo, biglia, pallina

subdued - sottomettere, soggiogare

reflections - riflessione, riflesso, riverbero

varying - variare

gloss - lucentezza, brillante

panels - pannello, sportello, anta, organo, giuria, vignetta

muffled - coprire, attenuare

vacant - vacante

Majesty - maesta

I was not quite sure whether they had locked the door; and when I dared move, I got up and went to see. Alas! yes: no jail was ever more secure. Returning, I had to cross before the looking-glass; my fascinated glance involuntarily explored the depth it revealed.

whether - se, indipendentemente, sia che, che, no, checkse

locked - serratura

dared - osare

Alas - ahime!, ohime!

jail - carcere, prigione, gattabuia, galera, isolamento

secure - sicuro, protetto, segreto, stabile, affidabile, garantire

fascinated - affascinare

glance - dare un'occhiata, sbirciare, occhieggiare, radere, rasentare

involuntarily - involontariamente

explored - esplorare, investigare, indagare, analizzare

depth - profondita

revealed - rivelare, gettare la maschera, uscire allo scoperto

All looked colder and darker in that visionary hollow than in reality: and the strange little figure there gazing at me, with a white face and arms specking the gloom, and glittering eyes of fear moving where all else was still, had the effect of a real spirit: I thought it like one of the tiny phantoms, half fairy, half imp, Bessie's evening stories represented as coming out of lone, ferny dells in moors, and appearing before the eyes of belated travellers. I returned to my stool.

visionary - visionario, lungimirante, illusorio, immaginario, chiaroveggente

hollow - vuoto, cavo

reality - realta

figure - figura, fisico, personaggio, cifra, forma, calcolare, risolvere

gazing at - guardare

specking - macchia

gloom - oscurita, tenebre, buio

glittering - scintillante, (glitter), glitter, brillantini

effect - effetto, effettuare

spirit - spirito

tiny - minuscolo, piccolo, piccino, minuto

fairy - fata, foletto, foletta, folletto

imp - diavoletto

represented - rappresentare

Lone - solo

moors - landa, brughiera

appearing - apparire

belated - in ritardo

travellers - viaggiatore, viaggiatrice, viandante, girovago

Superstition was with me at that moment; but it was not yet her hour for complete victory: my blood was still warm; the mood of the revolted slave was still bracing me with its bitter vigour; I had to stem a rapid rush of retrospective thought before I quailed to the dismal present.

superstition - superstizione

victory - vittoria

mood - umore

revolted - rivolta

bracing - rinforzo, (brace), braccia, abbraccio, aggancio, grappa, uncino

vigour - vigore

stem - gambo, stelo

rapid - rapido, deciso, rapida, cataratta

rush - precipitarsi, portare d'urgenza

retrospective - retrospettivo, retrospettiva

quailed - tremare

dismal - lugubre, triste

All John Reed's violent tyrannies, all his sisters'proud indifference, all his mother's aversion, all the servants'partiality, turned up in my disturbed mind like a dark deposit in a turbid well. Why was I always suffering, always browbeaten, always accused, for ever condemned? Why could I never please? Why was it useless to try to win any one's favour?

violent - violento

tyrannies - tirannide, tirannia

proud - orgoglioso, fiero

indifference - indifferenza

aversion - avversione

partiality - predilezione

disturbed - disturbare

mind - mente

deposit - deposito, caparra, acconto, sedimento

turbid - torbido

browbeaten - intimidire

accused - accusare

for ever - per sempre

condemned - condannare

useless - inutile, buono a nulla, negato

favour - favore

Eliza, who was headstrong and selfish, was respected. Georgiana, who had a spoiled temper, a very acrid spite, a captious and insolent carriage, was universally indulged. Her beauty, her pink cheeks and golden curls, seemed to give delight to all who looked at her, and to purchase indemnity for every fault.

headstrong - determinato

Selfish - egoista, egoistico

respected - rispetto, riguardo, materia, rispettare

spoiled - rovinare, viziare, andare a male, bottino

temper - carattere, temperamento

acrid - acre

captious - capzioso, tortuoso, ambiguo, ingannevole

insolent - insolente

carriage - carrozza, portamento, postura, carrello

universally - universalmente

indulged - assecondare, viziare

beauty - bellezza

cheeks - guancia, gota, chiappa, faccia tosta, sfrontatezza, impudenza

Golden - Dorato

curls - riccio, ricciolo, boccolo, arricciamento, rotazione, spirale

seemed - sembrare, parere, apparire

delight - delizia, piacere, deliziare

purchase - compra, acquisto, compravendita, acquisizione, comprare

indemnity - indennita

fault - colpa, imperfezione, sbaglio, biasimo, fessura, crepa

John no one thwarted, much less punished; though he twisted the necks of the pigeons, killed the little pea-chicks, set the dogs at the sheep, stripped the hothouse vines of their fruit, and broke the buds off the choicest plants in the conservatory: he called his mother "old girl," too; sometimes reviled her for her dark skin, similar to his own; bluntly disregarded her wishes; not unfrequently tore and spoiled her silk attire; and he was still "her own darling." I dared commit no fault: I strove to fulfil every duty; and I was termed naughty and tiresome, sullen and sneaking, from morning to noon, and from noon to night.

thwarted - sventare, bloccare, arcaccia

twisted - torsione, contorsione, distorsione, filamento, filo, scorza

necks - collo

pigeons - piccione

killed - uccidere

pea - pisello

chicks - pulcino, uccellino

set - Seth

stripped - togliere

hothouse - serra

vines - vite, vitigno, rampicante

buds - gemma, bocciolo

choicest - scelta, ottimo, ottima, di prima scelta

conservatory - serra

reviled - insultare, vituperare

bluntly - senza mezzi termini

disregarded - ignorare, non considerare

wishes - desiderio, voglia, volere, desiderare, augurare

unfrequently - raramente

tore - strappare

silk - seta

attire - abbigliamento, palco, indossare, portare

darling - tesoro, amore

commit - affidare, impegnarsi, arrestare, imprigionare, ricoverare

strove - sforzarsi

fulfil - adempiere, mantenere

Duty - dovere, obbligo, servizio, attivita, tassa, dazio

termed - periodo, durata, mandato

naughty - birichino, furbetto, malizioso, provocante, osceno

tiresome - fastidioso, noioso

sullen - afflitto, astioso, tetro, cupo, disarmante, lento

noon - mezzogiorno

My head still ached and bled with the blow and fall I had received: no one had reproved John for wantonly striking me; and because I had turned against him to avert farther irrational violence, I was loaded with general opprobrium.

ached - dolore

reproved - rimproverare

wantonly - volutamente

avert - distogliere, evitare

irrational - irrazionale

violence - violenza

loaded - carico

general - generale

opprobrium - obbrobrio

"Unjust!-unjust!" said my reason, forced by the agonising stimulus into precocious though transitory power: and Resolve, equally wrought up, instigated some strange expedient to achieve escape from insupportable oppression-as running away, or, if that could not be effected, never eating or drinking more, and letting myself die.

unjust - ingiusto

forced - forza

agonising - agonizzare

stimulus - stimolo

precocious - precoce

transitory - transitorio

resolve - decidere

equally - altrettanto, parimenti

instigated - istigare

expedient - conveniente, opportuno, espediente, escamotage, ripiego

achieve - realizzare, ottenere

insupportable - insopportabile

oppression - oppressione

running away - scappare

effected - effetto, effettuare

What a consternation of soul was mine that dreary afternoon! How all my brain was in tumult, and all my heart in insurrection! Yet in what darkness, what dense ignorance, was the mental battle fought! I could not answer the ceaseless inward question-why I thus suffered; now, at the distance of-I will not say how many years, I see it clearly.

consternation - costernazione

soul - anima, spirito

brain - cervello, or when used as food

tumult - tumulto

insurrection - insurrezione

darkness - buio, oscurita, tenebre, scuro

dense - denso, pastoso, checkdenso

ignorance - ignoranza

mental - mentale

battle - battaglia

fought - lottare, battersi

inward - intimo

suffered - soffrire, penare, patire, aggravarsi, subire, lasciare

I was a discord in Gateshead Hall: I was like nobody there; I had nothing in harmony with Mrs. Reed or her children, or her chosen vassalage. If they did not love me, in fact, as little did I love them.

discord - disaccordo, discordia

harmony - armonia

vassalage - vassallaggio

They were not bound to regard with affection a thing that could not sympathise with one amongst them; a heterogeneous thing, opposed to them in temperament, in capacity, in propensities; a useless thing, incapable of serving their interest, or adding to their pleasure; a noxious thing, cherishing the germs of indignation at their treatment, of contempt of their judgment.

bound - vincolato, (bind), legare, connettere, rilegare

sympathise - simpatizzare

heterogeneous - eterogeneo

opposed - opposti

temperament - temperamento, carattere

capacity - tenuta, resistenza, capacita, capienza

propensities - propensione, tendenza, inclinazione

incapable - incapace di

serving - servizio, porzione, (serve), servire, essere in forza

pleasure - piacere, piacimento, goduria, volutta, preferenza, scelta

noxious - insalubre, nocivo, malsano

cherishing - custodire, curare, apprezzare

germs - germe, microbo

indignation - indignazione

treatment - trattamento, cura

contempt - disprezzo

judgment - giudizio, sentenza, verdetto, pronuncia

I know that had I been a sanguine, brilliant, careless, exacting, handsome, romping child-though equally dependent and friendless-Mrs. Reed would have endured my presence more complacently; her children would have entertained for me more of the cordiality of fellow-feeling; the servants would have been less prone to make me the scapegoat of the nursery.

Sanguine - sanguigno, ottimista, confidente, sanguigna

brilliant - brillante, splendente, luccicante, sgargiante

careless - inaccurato, negligente, negletto, superficiale

exacting - esatto, giusto, preciso, attento

handsome - bello

romping - spassarsela, ruzzare, scorrazzare, scorrazzata

friendless - senza amici

endured - durare, restare, resistere, perdurare, tollerare

complacently - con compiacimento

entertained - divertire

cordiality - cordialita

fellow - uomo, tipo

prone - prono, prostrato, inchinato, reclino, pendente

scapegoat - capro espiatorio, capro emissario, fare da capro espiatorio

Daylight began to forsake the red-room; it was past four o'clock, and the beclouded afternoon was tending to drear twilight. I heard the rain still beating continuously on the staircase window, and the wind howling in the grove behind the hall; I grew by degrees cold as a stone, and then my courage sank.

daylight - luce del giorno

forsake - abbandonare, rinunciare

beclouded - annebbiare, annuvolare

tending - badare a, custodire

beating - bastonatura, bastonata, smacco, sconfitta, sonora sconfitta

continuously - continuamente, costantemente

staircase - scalinata, tromba delle scale

howling - ululare, (howl), ululato, uggiolio, latrato, guaito

grove - boschetto, piantagione

by degrees - gradualmente

stone - pietra, roccia, sasso, tsassolino, gemma

courage - coraggio

sank - affondare

My habitual mood of humiliation, self-doubt, forlorn depression, fell damp on the embers of my decaying ire. All said I was wicked, and perhaps I might be so; what thought had I been but just conceiving of starving myself to death? That certainly was a crime: and was I fit to die? Or was the vault under the chancel of Gateshead Church an inviting bourne? In such vault I had been told did Mr.

habitual - ricorrente, ripetitivo, solito, persistente, usuale, abituale

humiliation - umiliazione, smacco

doubt - dubitare, dubbio, perplessita

depression - depressione

damp - umido, bagnato, madido, umidita, grisu, smorzare, soffocare

embers - braci, splendore, favilla

decaying - imputridire

conceiving - concepire, sviluppare, ideare

Starving - Morire di fame, (starve)

fit - in forma*

vault - volta

chancel - presbiterio

church - chiesa, funzione, messa

inviting - invitare

Reed lie buried; and led by this thought to recall his idea, I dwelt on it with gathering dread. I could not remember him; but I knew that he was my own uncle-my mother's brother-that he had taken me when a parentless infant to his house; and that in his last moments he had required a promise of Mrs. Reed that she would rear and maintain me as one of her own children. Mrs.

lie - bugia

buried - seppellire

led - LED

recall - ritirare, revocare, richiamare, rammentare, ricordare

dwelt - abitare, checkdimorare

dread - temere, timore

parentless - senza genitori

infant - bambino, bambina, infante, minorenne, minore

required - esigere, prevedere, richiedere, necessitare, domandare

promise - promessa, giuramento, voto, promettere, giurare

rear - retro, retrovia

maintain - mantenere

Reed probably considered she had kept this promise; and so she had, I dare say, as well as her nature would permit her; but how could she really like an interloper not of her race, and unconnected with her, after her husband's death, by any tie?

considered - considerare, pensare, osservare, prendere, prestare attenzione

dare - osare

nature - natura

permit - permettere

interloper - intruso

race - corsa, gara

unconnected - estraneo, checkindipendente

tie - legare, attaccare

It must have been most irksome to find herself bound by a hard-wrung pledge to stand in the stead of a parent to a strange child she could not love, and to see an uncongenial alien permanently intruded on her own family group.

irksome - fastidioso

wrung - strizzare

pledge - promettere, impegnarsi, promessa solenne, pegno

stead - stufo

uncongenial - non accogliente

alien - straniero, forestiero, extraterrestre f, alieno, extraterrestre

permanently - in modo permanente

intruded - irrompere

A singular notion dawned upon me. I doubted not-never doubted-that if Mr.

singular - singolare

dawned - spuntare, albeggiare, alba, aurora, albori

doubted - dubitare, dubbio, perplessita

Reed had been alive he would have treated me kindly; and now, as I sat looking at the white bed and overshadowed walls-occasionally also turning a fascinated eye towards the dimly gleaning mirror-I began to recall what I had heard of dead men, troubled in their graves by the violation of their last wishes, revisiting the earth to punish the perjured and avenge the oppressed; and I thought Mr.

alive - vivo, attivo, animato

treated - trattare, trattenimento, festeggiamento, sorpresa

overshadowed - offuscare, mettere in ombra

Occasionally - occasionalmente, saltuariamente, talvolta

towards - verso, incontro, per, presso

dimly - in modo debole

gleaning - spigolatura

troubled - guaio, problema, impiccio, tumulto

graves - tomba

violation - violazione

revisiting - rivisitare

perjured - spergiurare

avenge - vendicare

oppressed - opprimere

Reed's spirit, harassed by the wrongs of his sister's child, might quit its abode-whether in the church vault or in the unknown world of the departed-and rise before me in this chamber. I wiped my tears and hushed my sobs, fearful lest any sign of violent grief might waken a preternatural voice to comfort me, or elicit from the gloom some haloed face, bending over me with strange pity.

harassed - importunare, infastidire, molestare, tormentare

quit - abbandonare, lasciare

abode - residenza, (abide), sopportare, tollerare, dimorare, risiedere

unknown - ignoto, sconosciuto, carneade

departed - partire, andar via, allontanarsi, dipartire, deviare

wiped - spolverare, strofinare

Tears - lacrima

hushed - zitto!, silenzio!

sobs - singhiozzare

fearful - impaurito, spaventato, pavido

sign - segno

grief - dolore, pena, sofferenza

waken - svegliarsi

preternatural - surreale, innaturale, paranormale

comfort - agio, comodita, benessere

elicit - provocare, suscitare

haloed - nimbo, alone, aureola, aura, aureolare

bending - piegare, (bend), curvare, piegarsi, curvarsi

pity - pieta, peccato, compatire

This idea, consolatory in theory, I felt would be terrible if realised: with all my might I endeavoured to stifle it-I endeavoured to be firm. Shaking my hair from my eyes, I lifted my head and tried to look boldly round the dark room; at this moment a light gleamed on the wall. Was it, I asked myself, a ray from the moon penetrating some aperture in the blind?

consolatory - consolatorio

theory - teoria

realised - rendersi conto

endeavoured - tentare

stifle - soffocare

shaking - scuotere, (shake), agitare, scuotere la testa

lifted - alzare, sollevare

boldly - arditamente, coraggiosamente, valentemente, audacemente

dark room - camera oscura

gleamed - brillare

ray - raggio

aperture - apertura

No; moonlight was still, and this stirred; while I gazed, it glided up to the ceiling and quivered over my head.

moonlight - chiaro di luna, lavorare in nero

stirred - rimescolare

gazed - fissare, guardare, puntare gli occhi, volgere lo sguardo

glided - scivolare, slittare, scorrere, muoversi con fluidita, planare

ceiling - soffitto

quivered - tremare, tremolare

I can now conjecture readily that this streak of light was, in all likelihood, a gleam from a lantern carried by some one across the lawn: but then, prepared as my mind was for horror, shaken as my nerves were by agitation, I thought the swift darting beam was a herald of some coming vision from another world.

conjecture - congettura, congetturare

readily - prontamente

streak - striatura, striscia

likelihood - verosimiglianza, verisimiglianza

gleam - brillare

lantern - lanterna

horror - orrore

shaken - scuotere, agitare, scuotere la testa, scioccare, atterrire

nerves - nervo, nervatura, coraggio, faccia tosta, sfacciataggine

agitation - agitazione

swift - rapido, veloce, pronto, agile

darting - dardo

beam - trave, asse, architrave, traversa, braccio, corno principale

Herald - araldo, messaggero

My heart beat thick, my head grew hot; a sound filled my ears, which I deemed the rushing of wings; something seemed near me; I was oppressed, suffocated: endurance broke down; I rushed to the door and shook the lock in desperate effort. Steps came running along the outer passage; the key turned, Bessie and Abbot entered.

beat - battere

deemed - considerare, valutare, credere, ritenere

rushing - correre

wings - ala, squadra, parafango

suffocated - soffocare

endurance - resistenza, sopportazione, durata, autonomia

broke down - si e rotto

rushed - precipitarsi, portare d'urgenza

shook - scossa, (shake), scuotere, agitare, scuotere la testa

effort - sforzo

steps - passo

along - lungo

passage - passaggio

"Miss Eyre, are you ill?" said Bessie.

ill - malato

"What a dreadful noise! it went quite through me!" exclaimed Abbot.

noise - rumore, strepito

exclaimed - esclamare

"Take me out! Let me go into the nursery!" was my cry.

"What for? Are you hurt? Have you seen something?" again demanded Bessie.

hurt - dolere, fare male, ferire, ferito

demanded - domanda, richiesta, rivendicazione, bisogno, necessita

"Oh! I saw a light, and I thought a ghost would come." I had now got hold of Bessie's hand, and she did not snatch it from me.

ghost - fantasma, spettro, spirito, larva

snatch - agguantare, scippare, strappare

"She has screamed out on purpose," declared Abbot, in some disgust. "And what a scream! If she had been in great pain one would have excused it, but she only wanted to bring us all here: I know her naughty tricks."

screamed - urlo, grido, gridare, sbraitare, urlare

on purpose - di proposito

disgust - disgustare, ripugnare, nauseare, stomacare

excused - scusare, perdonare, scusarsi, giustificarsi, scusa, pretesto

tricks - trucco, imbrogliare

"What is all this?" demanded another voice peremptorily; and Mrs. Reed came along the corridor, her cap flying wide, her gown rustling stormily. "Abbot and Bessie, I believe I gave orders that Jane Eyre should be left in the red-room till I came to her myself."

peremptorily - perentoriamente

corridor - corridoio, corridoio aereo

cap - berretto

wide - largo, ampio, vasto, laterale

gown - tunica, toga

rustling - fruscio, (rustle), crepitare

stormily - tempestosamente

"Miss Jane screamed so loud, ma'am," pleaded Bessie.

loud - forte, alto

pleaded - dichiararsi (lcolpevole o lnoncolpevole)

"Let her go," was the only answer. "Loose Bessie's hand, child: you cannot succeed in getting out by these means, be assured. I abhor artifice, particularly in children; it is my duty to show you that tricks will not answer: you will now stay here an hour longer, and it is only on condition of perfect submission and stillness that I shall liberate you then."

loose - largo

Succeed - succedere, riuscire

assured - assicurato, (assure), assicurare, garantire

abhor - aborrire, abominare

artifice - artificio

particularly - in particolare, estremamente

on condition - a condizione

submission - sottomissione

stillness - immobilita

shall - talian: 'shall' followed by the infinitive is translated using the future tense', talian: ('indicating determination') 'shall' followed by the infinitive is translated using the future tense, which can be emphasised using ", si c

liberate - liberare

"O aunt! have pity! Forgive me! I cannot endure it-let me be punished some other way! I shall be killed if-"

forgive - perdonare

"Silence! This violence is all most repulsive:" and so, no doubt, she felt it. I was a precocious actress in her eyes; she sincerely looked on me as a compound of virulent passions, mean spirit, and dangerous duplicity.

repulsive - ripugnante

sincerely - sinceramente, in fede, con sincerita

compound - composto

virulent - virulento

passions - passione

duplicity - doppiezza

Bessie and Abbot having retreated, Mrs. Reed, impatient of my now frantic anguish and wild sobs, abruptly thrust me back and locked me in, without farther parley. I heard her sweeping away; and soon after she was gone, I suppose I had a species of fit: unconsciousness closed the scene.

retreated - ritirarsi

impatient - impaziente

anguish - angoscia

wild - selvaggio, selvatico

abruptly - improvvisamente

parley - conference, especially one between enemies, discuss

sweeping - spazzata, scopata, (sweep), spazzare, scopare, ramazzare

suppose - supporre, immaginare

species - specie

unconsciousness - incoscienza


The next thing I remember is, waking up with a feeling as if I had had a frightful nightmare, and seeing before me a terrible red glare, crossed with thick black bars. I heard voices, too, speaking with a hollow sound, and as if muffled by a rush of wind or water: agitation, uncertainty, and an all-predominating sense of terror confused my faculties.

waking up - svegliarsi

frightful - spaventoso

nightmare - incubo, brutto sogno

glare - bagliore, lampo, frecciata

crossed - croce, segno della croce, incrocio, cross, diagonale, irritato

voices - voce

uncertainty - incertezza

predominating - predominare (all)

confused - confondere

faculties - facolta

Ere long, I became aware that some one was handling me; lifting me up and supporting me in a sitting posture, and that more tenderly than I had ever been raised or upheld before. I rested my head against a pillow or an arm, and felt easy.

handling - manipolazione

lifting - alzare, sollevare

supporting - supporto

posture - postura, atteggiamento, atteggiarsi

tenderly - teneramente

raised - alzare, innalzare

upheld - talian: difendere ('a right'), sostenere ('a principle')

rested - riposo

pillow - guanciale, cuscino, testiera

In five minutes more the cloud of bewilderment dissolved: I knew quite well that I was in my own bed, and that the red glare was the nursery fire. It was night: a candle burnt on the table; Bessie stood at the bed-foot with a basin in her hand, and a gentleman sat in a chair near my pillow, leaning over me.

bewilderment - confusione, perplessita, disorientamento

Dissolved - dissolvere, dissolversi, dissolvenza

candle - candela

burnt - bruciato, arso

basin - lavandino, lavabo, bacinella, lavacro

leaning - appoggiarsi

I felt an inexpressible relief, a soothing conviction of protection and security, when I knew that there was a stranger in the room, an individual not belonging to Gateshead, and not related to Mrs. Reed. Turning from Bessie (though her presence was far less obnoxious to me than that of Abbot, for instance, would have been), I scrutinised the face of the gentleman: I knew him; it was Mr.

inexpressible - inesprimibile

relief - sollievo

soothing - calmante

conviction - convinzione, condanna, colpevolezza

protection - protezione

Security - sicurezza, cartevalori

individual - individuo, soggetto, singolo, specifico, individuale, personale

belonging - appartenenza

related - riferire

obnoxious - odioso, detestabile, ripugnante

instance - volta

scrutinised - scrutinare

Lloyd, an apothecary, sometimes called in by Mrs. Reed when the servants were ailing: for herself and the children she employed a physician.

apothecary - speziale

ailing - malato, sofferente

employed - impiegare, ingaggiare

physician - medico, dottore, dottoressa, dottore in medicina

"Well, who am I?" he asked.

I pronounced his name, offering him at the same time my hand: he took it, smiling and saying, "We shall do very well by-and-by." Then he laid me down, and addressing Bessie, charged her to be very careful that I was not disturbed during the night.

pronounced - dichiarare, emettere, pronunziare, pronunciare

offering - offerta

smiling - sorridere, (smile), sorriso

by-and-by - (by-and-by) a poco a poco

charged - costo, prezzo, carico, accusa, imputazione, carica, incarico

careful - prudente, cauto, to be careful

Having given some further directions, and intimates that he should call again the next day, he departed; to my grief: I felt so sheltered and befriended while he sat in the chair near my pillow; and as he closed the door after him, all the room darkened and my heart again sank: inexpressible sadness weighed it down.

directions - direzione, senso di marcia, regia, conduzione

intimates - stretto, intimo, privato, proprio, personale

sheltered - rifugio, riparo, dare rifugio, rifugiarsi, ripararsi

befriended - trattare da amico

darkened - imbrunire

sadness - tristezza

weighed - pesare

"Do you feel as if you should sleep, Miss?" asked Bessie, rather softly.

softly - delicatamente, sottovoce

Scarcely dared I answer her; for I feared the next sentence might be rough. "I will try."

rough - ruvido, rugoso, scabro, approssimato, mosso, difficile, rude

"Would you like to drink, or could you eat anything?"

"No, thank you, Bessie."

"Then I think I shall go to bed, for it is past twelve o'clock; but you may call me if you want anything in the night."

Wonderful civility this! It emboldened me to ask a question.

civility - civilta

emboldened - incoraggiare

"Bessie, what is the matter with me? Am I ill?"

matter - materia, problema, argomento, questione, faccenda, causa

"You fell sick, I suppose, in the red-room with crying; you'll be better soon, no doubt."

Bessie went into the housemaid's apartment, which was near. I heard her say-

housemaid - domestica

"Sarah, come and sleep with me in the nursery; I daren't for my life be alone with that poor child to-night: she might die; it's such a strange thing she should have that fit: I wonder if she saw anything. Missis was rather too hard."

Sarah came back with her; they both went to bed; they were whispering together for half-an-hour before they fell asleep. I caught scraps of their conversation, from which I was able only too distinctly to infer the main subject discussed.

whispering - bisbigliare, (whisper), sussurro, sussurrare

asleep - addormentato

caught - presa, conquista, fermaglio, fermaglio di sicurezza, trappola

scraps - pezzetto

distinctly - distintamente

infer - inferire, dedurre, concludere, infliggere, implicare

main subject - soggetto principale

"Something passed her, all dressed in white, and vanished"-"A great black dog behind him"-"Three loud raps on the chamber door"-"A light in the churchyard just over his grave," etc., etc.

vanished - sparire, svanire

raps - colpo, colpetto

grave - tomba

At last both slept: the fire and the candle went out. For me, the watches of that long night passed in ghastly wakefulness; strained by dread: such dread as children only can feel.

wakefulness - veglia

strained - sforzare, sforzarsi, tirare

No severe or prolonged bodily illness followed this incident of the red-room; it only gave my nerves a shock of which I feel the reverberation to this day. Yes, Mrs. Reed, to you I owe some fearful pangs of mental suffering, but I ought to forgive you, for you knew not what you did: while rending my heart-strings, you thought you were only uprooting my bad propensities.

severe - rigido, duro, grave, severo

prolonged - prologo

bodily - corporale, corporeo, corporalmente

illness - malattia

incident - imprevisto, inconveniente, incidente

shock - shock, choc

reverberation - riverbero

pangs - dolore, fitta, pena morso

mental suffering - sofferenza mentale

rending - spaccare

strings - spago, stringa, laccetto, legaccio, corda

uprooting - sradicamento

Next day, by noon, I was up and dressed, and sat wrapped in a shawl by the nursery hearth. I felt physically weak and broken down: but my worse ailment was an unutterable wretchedness of mind: a wretchedness which kept drawing from me silent tears; no sooner had I wiped one salt drop from my cheek than another followed.

wrapped - avvolgere

shawl - scialle

physically - fisicamente

weak - debole

ailment - disturbo, indisposizione, affezione, male

unutterable - impronunciabile, improferibile, indicibile, inenarrabile

wretchedness - miseria

cheek - guancia, gota, chiappa, faccia tosta, sfrontatezza, impudenza

Yet, I thought, I ought to have been happy, for none of the Reeds were there, they were all gone out in the carriage with their mama. Abbot, too, was sewing in another room, and Bessie, as she moved hither and thither, putting away toys and arranging drawers, addressed to me every now and then a word of unwonted kindness.

reeds - canna, cannuccia

gone out - uscire

sewing - cucire

thither - li

putting away - mettere via

toys - giocattolo, balocco, giocare, trastullarsi, baloccarsi

arranging - disporre, ordinare, preparare, arrangiare

drawers - cassetto

unwonted - insolito

kindness - bonta, gentilezza, cortesia, garbo

This state of things should have been to me a paradise of peace, accustomed as I was to a life of ceaseless reprimand and thankless fagging; but, in fact, my racked nerves were now in such a state that no calm could soothe, and no pleasure excite them agreeably.

state - stato, dichiarare, statuire, esporre, indicare

paradise - paradiso

peace - pace, armonia

reprimand - rimprovevare

thankless - ingrato

fagging - frottole

racked - scaffale

Calm - calmo

soothe - calmare, placare, lenire, alleviare, mitigare

excite - stimolare, eccitare, riaccendere, provocare

agreeably - gradevolmente

Bessie had been down into the kitchen, and she brought up with her a tart on a certain brightly painted china plate, whose bird of paradise, nestling in a wreath of convolvuli and rosebuds, had been wont to stir in me a most enthusiastic sense of admiration; and which plate I had often petitioned to be allowed to take in my hand in order to examine it more closely, but had always hitherto been deemed unworthy of such a privilege. This precious vessel was now placed on my knee, and I was cordially invited to eat the circlet of delicate pastry upon it. Vain favour! coming, like most other favours long deferred and often wished for, too late! I could not eat the tart; and the plumage of the bird, the tints of the flowers, seemed strangely faded: I put both plate and tart away. Bessie asked if I would have a book: the word book acted as a transient stimulus, and I begged her to fetch Gulliver's Travels from the library. This book I had again and again perused with delight. I considered it a narrative of facts, and discovered in it a vein of interest deeper than what I found in fairy tales: for as to the elves, having sought them in vain among foxglove leaves and bells, under mushrooms and beneath the ground-ivy mantling old wall-nooks, I had at length made up my mind to the sad truth, that they were all gone out of England to some savage country where the woods were wilder and thicker, and the population more scant; whereas, Lilliput and Brobdignag being, in my creed, solid parts of the earth's surface, I doubted not that I might one day, by taking a long voyage, see with my own eyes the little fields, houses, and trees, the diminutive people, the tiny cows, sheep, and birds of the one realm; and the corn-fields forest-high, the mighty mastiffs, the monster cats, the tower-like men and women, of the other. Yet, when this cherished volume was now placed in my hand-when I turned over its leaves, and sought in its marvellous pictures the charm I had, till now, never failed to find-all was eerie and dreary; the giants were gaunt goblins, the pigmies malevolent and fearful imps, Gulliver a most desolate wanderer in most dread and dangerous regions. I closed the book, which I dared no longer peruse, and put it on the table, beside the untasted tart.

tart - acerbo, agro

brightly - vivacemente, brillantemente

China - porcellana

plate - piatto

nestling - nidiaceo, (nestle), accomodarsi, talian: t-needed

wreath - spirale, voluta, ghirlanda, corona

convolvuli - ordine del giorno

rosebuds - bocciolo di rosa

wont - Non e vero

enthusiastic - entusiasta

admiration - ammirazione

petitioned - petizione

examine - esaminare

closely - strettamente, da vicino, a stretto contatto

hitherto - fin qui, fino a qui, fino ad ora, fino allora

unworthy - non degno, indegno, immeritevole

privilege - privilegio, prerogativa

precious - prezioso, adorato, unico

vessel - vascello, imbarcazione, bastimento, nave

invited - invitare

circlet - cerchiello, rotella

pastry - pasticceria, paste, impasto

favours - favore

deferred - rimandare

plumage - piumaggio, piume

tints - tinta, sfumatura

faded - affievolirsi

acted - atto, legge, numero, scena, messinscena, agire, recitare, fare

transient - transitorio, transiente

begged - elemosinare, chiedere l'elemosina

perused - leggere accuratamente

narrative - descrizione

vein - vena, venatura

deeper - profondo, spesso, esteso, profondo (1, 2)

elves - elfo

sought - cercare, ricercare

in vain - invano

foxglove - digitale

bells - campana

mushrooms - fungo

beneath - sotto

ground - terra

ivy - edera

mantling - svolazzi, lambrecchini, (mantle), mantello, reticella

nooks - angolo, nicchia, recesso

at length - a lungo

savage - selvaggio, primitivo, brutale, crudele, feroce, impietoso

woods - legno

wilder - selvaggio

thicker - spesso, pesante, folto, tonto

population - popolazione

scant - scarso, esiguo

whereas - laddove, mentre

solid - solido, massiccio, compatto, continuo, unito, tinta unita

earth's surface - superficie terrestre

Voyage - viaggio

diminutive - minuscolo, diminutivo

realm - reame, regno, dominio, sfera

corn - grano

forest - bosco, selva, foresta

mighty - potente, possente

mastiffs - mastino

monster - mostro

tower - torre

cherished - custodire, curare, apprezzare

turned over - girato, messo in moto

marvellous - meraviglioso

charm - fascino

till now - fino ad ora

failed - fallire, non riuscire

eerie - misterioso, strano, agghiacciante, spaventevole

giants - gigante, colosso

gaunt - smagrito, allampanato, emaciato, macilento

goblins - folletto, goblin

pigmies - Cerdo

malevolent - malintenzionato

imps - diavoletto

wanderer - vagabondo, girovago, vagante, errante

untasted - non assaggiato

Bessie had now finished dusting and tidying the room, and having washed her hands, she opened a certain little drawer, full of splendid shreds of silk and satin, and began making a new bonnet for Georgiana's doll. Meantime she sang: her song was-

dusting - spolverata, (dust), polvere, spolverare

tidying - ordinato

splendid - splendido

shreds - brandello

satin - satin

bonnet - cuffia, cofano

doll - bambola

meantime - frattempo, attesa

"In the days when we went gipsying,

gipsying - zingaro

A long time ago."

I had often heard the song before, and always with lively delight; for Bessie had a sweet voice,-at least, I thought so. But now, though her voice was still sweet, I found in its melody an indescribable sadness. Sometimes, preoccupied with her work, she sang the refrain very low, very lingeringly; "A long time ago" came out like the saddest cadence of a funeral hymn.

lively - vivace

sweet - dolcemente, dolcetto, caramella

melody - melodia

indescribable - indescrivibile

preoccupied - impensierire

refrain - refrain, ritornello

lingeringly - con calma

cadence - cadenza, ritmo, passo, andamento

funeral - funerale

hymn - inno

She passed into another ballad, this time a really doleful one.

ballad - ballata

doleful - addolorato

"My feet they are sore, and my limbs they are weary;

sore - dolente, doloroso

weary - annoiato, tediato, spossato, stanco, annoiare, annoiarsi

Long is the way, and the mountains are wild;

Soon will the twilight close moonless and dreary

moonless - illune

Over the path of the poor orphan child.

path - sentiero

orphan - orfano, orfana

Why did they send me so far and so lonely,

Up where the moors spread and grey rocks are piled?

piled - pila, mucchio

Men are hard-hearted, and kind angels only

angels - angelo

Watch o'er the steps of a poor orphan child.

er - ehm

Yet distant and soft the night breeze is blowing,

breeze - brezza

blowing - colpo

Clouds there are none, and clear stars beam mild,

mild - delicato, delicata, mite, lene, lieve

God, in His mercy, protection is showing,

mercy - misericordia, pieta, compassione, benevolenza

Comfort and hope to the poor orphan child.

Ev'n should I fall o'er the broken bridge passing,

Bridge - ponte

passing - talian: t-needed

Or stray in the marshes, by false lights beguiled,

stray - allontanarsi, smarrirsi

marshes - palude

beguiled - ingannare, turlupinare, incantare, distogliere, sedurre

Still will my Father, with promise and blessing,

blessing - benedizione

Take to His bosom the poor orphan child.

bosom - seno, intimita, intimo

There is a thought that for strength should avail me,

strength - forza, vigore, energia, intensita, efficacia

Though both of shelter and kindred despoiled;

shelter - rifugio, riparo, dare rifugio, rifugiarsi, ripararsi

kindred - affine

despoiled - depredare

Heaven is a home, and a rest will not fail me;

Heaven - cielo, paradiso

rest - riposo

fail - fallire

God is a friend to the poor orphan child."

"Come, Miss Jane, don't cry," said Bessie as she finished. She might as well have said to the fire, "don't burn!" but how could she divine the morbid suffering to which I was a prey? In the course of the morning Mr. Lloyd came again.

don't cry - non piangere

burn - bruciare

divine - divino

morbid - morboso, raccapricciante

prey - preda, squartamento

"What, already up!" said he, as he entered the nursery. "Well, nurse, how is she?"

Bessie answered that I was doing very well.

"Then she ought to look more cheerful. Come here, Miss Jane: your name is Jane, is it not?"

more cheerful - piu allegro

"Yes, sir, Jane Eyre."

"Well, you have been crying, Miss Jane Eyre; can you tell me what about? Have you any pain?"

"No, sir."

"Oh! I daresay she is crying because she could not go out with Missis in the carriage," interposed Bessie.

daresay - osare

interposed - interporsi

"Surely not! why, she is too old for such pettishness."

surely - sicuramente, checkcertamente

pettishness - meschinita

I thought so too; and my self-esteem being wounded by the false charge, I answered promptly, "I never cried for such a thing in my life: I hate going out in the carriage. I cry because I am miserable."

esteem - stima

wounded - ferita

charge - costo, prezzo, carico, accusa, imputazione, carica, incarico

promptly - prontamente

miserable - infelice

"Oh fie, Miss!" said Bessie.

Fie - vergogna

The good apothecary appeared a little puzzled. I was standing before him; he fixed his eyes on me very steadily: his eyes were small and grey; not very bright, but I dare say I should think them shrewd now: he had a hard-featured yet good-natured looking face. Having considered me at leisure, he said-

appeared - apparire

puzzled - mistero, rompicapo, indovinello, rendere perplesso

fixed - aggiustare, riparare, mettere una pezza, sistemare, preparare

steadily - costantemente

shrewd - perspicace, sagace, scaltro, astuto

featured - caratteristica, prestazione, peculiarita, proprieta

good-natured - (good-natured) di buon carattere

leisure - svago, agio, ozio, tempo libero

"What made you ill yesterday?"

"She had a fall," said Bessie, again putting in her word.

putting in - mettere dentro

"Fall! why, that is like a baby again! Can't she manage to walk at her age? She must be eight or nine years old."

manage - dirigere, managgiare, riuscire, arrangiarsi, maneggiare

"I was knocked down," was the blunt explanation, jerked out of me by another pang of mortified pride; "but that did not make me ill," I added; while Mr. Lloyd helped himself to a pinch of snuff.

knocked down - abbattuto

blunt - smussato

jerked - scossa, sobbalzo

pang - dolore, fitta, pena morso

mortified - mortificare

pride - superbia, orgoglio, essere orgoglioso

pinch - pizzicare, acciuffare, pizzico

snuff - tabacco da fiuto

As he was returning the box to his waistcoat pocket, a loud bell rang for the servants'dinner; he knew what it was. "That's for you, nurse," said he; "you can go down; I'll give Miss Jane a lecture till you come back."

waistcoat - panciotto, gile, corpetto

Pocket - tasca, buca, sacca, intascare, imbucare, tascabile

rang - ordine del giorno

lecture - conferenza, lezione, insegnare, sgridare, richiamare

Bessie would rather have stayed, but she was obliged to go, because punctuality at meals was rigidly enforced at Gateshead Hall.

obliged - obbligare, forzare, costringere, fare un favore, indebitarsi

punctuality - puntualita

rigidly - rigidamente

enforced - applicare, rispettare, fare rispettare, far valere, rafforzare

"The fall did not make you ill; what did, then?" pursued Mr. Lloyd when Bessie was gone.

pursued - perseguire, perseguitare, tormentare, inseguire, cercare

"I was shut up in a room where there is a ghost till after dark."

I saw Mr. Lloyd smile and frown at the same time.

smile - sorriso, sorridere

frown - accigliarsi, aggrottare le ciglia/sopracciglia

"Ghost! What, you are a baby after all! You are afraid of ghosts?"

ghosts - fantasma, spettro, spirito, larva

"Of Mr. Reed's ghost I am: he died in that room, and was laid out there. Neither Bessie nor any one else will go into it at night, if they can help it; and it was cruel to shut me up alone without a candle,-so cruel that I think I shall never forget it."

"Nonsense! And is it that makes you so miserable? Are you afraid now in daylight?"

nonsense - sciocchezza, senza senso, priva di significato, ridicolaggine

"No: but night will come again before long: and besides,-I am unhappy,-very unhappy, for other things."

unhappy - triste, rattristato, mogio, abbacchiato

"What other things? Can you tell me some of them?"

How much I wished to reply fully to this question! How difficult it was to frame any answer! Children can feel, but they cannot analyse their feelings; and if the analysis is partially effected in thought, they know not how to express the result of the process in words.

fully - pienamente, completamente, appieno, ampiamente

frame - incorniciare, incastrare, impalcatura, incastellatura, armatura

analyse - analizzare

analysis - analisi

partially - parzialmente

express - esprimere

process - processo, metodo

Fearful, however, of losing this first and only opportunity of relieving my grief by imparting it, I, after a disturbed pause, contrived to frame a meagre, though, as far as it went, true response.

relieving - risollevare, risollevarsi, lenire, alleviare, mitigare

imparting - impartire

pause - mettere in pausa, pausa

contrived - combinare, programmare, intrigare, complottare

meagre - misero

response - responso, risposta

"For one thing, I have no father or mother, brothers or sisters."

"You have a kind aunt and cousins."

Again I paused; then bunglingly enounced-

bunglingly - in modo pasticciato

enounced - annunciare

"But John Reed knocked me down, and my aunt shut me up in the red-room."

knocked - colpo, botta, botto, autocombustione, bussare

Mr. Lloyd a second time produced his snuff-box.

produced - produrre, realizzare, fornire, prodotto, prodotti

"Don't you think Gateshead Hall a very beautiful house?" asked he. "Are you not very thankful to have such a fine place to live at?"

thankful - riconoscente, grato

"It is not my house, sir; and Abbot says I have less right to be here than a servant."

"Pooh! you can't be silly enough to wish to leave such a splendid place?"

Pooh - short for Winnie the Pooh

silly - sciocco

wish - desiderio, voglia, volere, desiderare, augurare

"If I had anywhere else to go, I should be glad to leave it; but I can never get away from Gateshead till I am a woman."

anywhere - ovunque, dappertutto, dovunque

be glad - essere contento

"Perhaps you may-who knows? Have you any relations besides Mrs. Reed?"

relations - relazione, parente

"I think not, sir."

"None belonging to your father?"

"I don't know. I asked Aunt Reed once, and she said possibly I might have some poor, low relations called Eyre, but she knew nothing about them."

Possibly - possibilmente

"If you had such, would you like to go to them?"

I reflected. Poverty looks grim to grown people; still more so to children: they have not much idea of industrious, working, respectable poverty; they think of the word only as connected with ragged clothes, scanty food, fireless grates, rude manners, and debasing vices: poverty for me was synonymous with degradation.

reflected - riflettere, essere riflesso, seguire, evidenziare, riportare

poverty - poverta

grim - macabro

industrious - industrioso, laborioso

respectable - rispettabile

ragged - stracciato

scanty - scarso

fireless - senza fuoco

grates - griglia

manners - maniera, modo

debasing - avvilire

vices - morsa, morsetto

synonymous - sinonimo

degradation - abiezione

"No; I should not like to belong to poor people," was my reply.

belong - appartenere a

"Not even if they were kind to you?"

I shook my head: I could not see how poor people had the means of being kind; and then to learn to speak like them, to adopt their manners, to be uneducated, to grow up like one of the poor women I saw sometimes nursing their children or washing their clothes at the cottage doors of the village of Gateshead: no, I was not heroic enough to purchase liberty at the price of caste.

adopt - adottare

uneducated - incolto

cottage - casolare, rustico

heroic - eroico

liberty - liberta

caste - casta

"But are your relatives so very poor? Are they working people?"

relatives - relativo, parente, congiunto, congiunta, familiare

"I cannot tell; Aunt Reed says if I have any, they must be a beggarly set: I should not like to go a begging."

beggarly - mendicante

begging - mendicare

"Would you like to go to school?"

Again I reflected: I scarcely knew what school was: Bessie sometimes spoke of it as a place where young ladies sat in the stocks, wore backboards, and were expected to be exceedingly genteel and precise: John Reed hated his school, and abused his master; but John Reed's tastes were no rule for mine, and if Bessie's accounts of school-discipline (gathered from the young ladies of a family where she had lived before coming to Gateshead) were somewhat appalling, her details of certain accomplishments attained by these same young ladies were, I thought, equally attractive. She boasted of beautiful paintings of landscapes and flowers by them executed; of songs they could sing and pieces they could play, of purses they could net, of French books they could translate; till my spirit was moved to emulation as I listened. Besides, school would be a complete change: it implied a long journey, an entire separation from Gateshead, an entrance into a new life.

ladies - signora, dama, lady

stocks - stock, merce

backboards - tabellone

expected - aspettarsi, pensare

exceedingly - eccessivamente

genteel - manieroso

precise - preciso, esatto, accurato

abused - abusare

tastes - gusto, sapore, inclinazione, gustare, assaggiare

accounts - conto

discipline - disciplina

gathered - cogliere, collezionare, radunarsi, raccogliere, bottinare

appalling - terribile, orrendo, pessimo, spaventoso

accomplishments - realizzazione, attuazione, completamento, concretizzazione

attained - raggiungere, ottenere, attenere

boasted - vantarsi

paintings - dipinto, pittura, quadro, verniciatura

landscapes - paesaggio, panorama, orizzontale, scenario

executed - giustiziare, lanciare

purses - borse

net - rete

translate - tradurre, trasferire, riversare

emulation - emulazione

implied - implicare

entire - intero, intera

entrance - entrata

"I should indeed like to go to school," was the audible conclusion of my musings.

audible - udibile

conclusion - conclusione

musings - pensieroso

"Well, well! who knows what may happen?" said Mr. Lloyd, as he got up. "The child ought to have change of air and scene," he added, speaking to himself; "nerves not in a good state."

change of air - cambiamento d'aria

Bessie now returned; at the same moment the carriage was heard rolling up the gravel-walk.

rolling up - arrotolare

gravel-walk - (gravel-walk) passeggiata su ghiaia

"Is that your mistress, nurse?" asked Mr. Lloyd. "I should like to speak to her before I go."

Mistress - signora, padrona, maestra, amante, dominatrice

Bessie invited him to walk into the breakfast-room, and led the way out. In the interview which followed between him and Mrs.

Reed, I presume, from after-occurrences, that the apothecary ventured to recommend my being sent to school; and the recommendation was no doubt readily enough adopted; for as Abbot said, in discussing the subject with Bessie when both sat sewing in the nursery one night, after I was in bed, and, as they thought, asleep, "Missis was, she dared say, glad enough to get rid of such a tiresome, ill-conditioned child, who always looked as if she were watching everybody, and scheming plots underhand." Abbot, I think, gave me credit for being a sort of infantine Guy Fawkes.

presume - presumere

occurrences - occorrenza

ventured - avventura, azzardo, impresa, avventurarsi, azzardare, osare

recommendation - suggerimento, consiglio, proposta

adopted - adottare

rid - sbarazzare

conditioned - condizione, influenzare, condizionare

scheming - intrallazzare, (scheme), schema, piano, progetto, programma

plots - trama, ordito, schema, canovaccio

credit - avvalorare, convalidare, corroborare, accreditare

infantine - infantile

guy - tipo

On that same occasion I learned, for the first time, from Miss Abbot's communications to Bessie, that my father had been a poor clergyman; that my mother had married him against the wishes of her friends, who considered the match beneath her; that my grandfather Reed was so irritated at her disobedience, he cut her off without a shilling; that after my mother and father had been married a year, the latter caught the typhus fever while visiting among the poor of a large manufacturing town where his curacy was situated, and where that disease was then prevalent: that my mother took the infection from him, and both died within a month of each other.

Occasion - occasione, occasionare

communications - comunicazione, avviso, trasmissione, collegamento, comunione

clergyman - chierico, prete, sacerdote, ecclesiastico

match - fiammifero

irritated - irritare

disobedience - disobbedienza

shilling - scellino, (shill), uomo di paglia, prestanome, compare

latter - secondo, quest'ultimo

typhus - tifo

fever - febbre

manufacturing - produzione, fabbricazione

curacy - curia

situated - situare

disease - malattia, malanno, disturbo, morbo

prevalent - prevalente

infection - infezione

within - dentro, all'interno

Bessie, when she heard this narrative, sighed and said, "Poor Miss Jane is to be pitied, too, Abbot."

sighed - sospirare

pitied - pieta, peccato, compatire

"Yes," responded Abbot; "if she were a nice, pretty child, one might compassionate her forlornness; but one really cannot care for such a little toad as that."

responded - rispondere, corrispondere, dare riscontro

compassionate - compassionevole

forlornness - fortezza

toad - rospo

"Not a great deal, to be sure," agreed Bessie: "at any rate, a beauty like Miss Georgiana would be more moving in the same condition."

rate - tasso, percentuale

condition - condizione, influenzare, condizionare

"Yes, I doat on Miss Georgiana!" cried the fervent Abbot. "Little darling!-with her long curls and her blue eyes, and such a sweet colour as she has; just as if she were painted!-Bessie, I could fancy a Welsh rabbit for supper."

fervent - fervente

fancy - capriccio

Welsh - gallese

rabbit - coniglio

supper - cena

"So could I-with a roast onion. Come, we'll go down." They went.

roast - arrostire, arrosto, arrosti, al forno


From my discourse with Mr. Lloyd, and from the above reported conference between Bessie and Abbot, I gathered enough of hope to suffice as a motive for wishing to get well: a change seemed near,-I desired and waited it in silence. It tarried, however: days and weeks passed: I had regained my normal state of health, but no new allusion was made to the subject over which I brooded. Mrs.

discourse - discorso, discussione

conference - conferenza

suffice - bastare, essere sufficiente, soddisfare, fornire

motive - motivo

wishing - desiderare, (wish), desiderio, voglia, volere

desired - desiderare, volere, desiderio, voglia

tarried - tare

regained - riprendere, riappropriarsi, recuperare, riguadagnare

normal - normale

state of health - stato di salute

allusion - allusione

brooded - nidiata, prole, schiusa, covata, checknidiata, covare, allevare

Reed surveyed me at times with a severe eye, but seldom addressed me: since my illness, she had drawn a more marked line of separation than ever between me and her own children; appointing me a small closet to sleep in by myself, condemning me to take my meals alone, and pass all my time in the nursery, while my cousins were constantly in the drawing-room.

surveyed - sondaggio, inchiesta, indagine, ricognizione

marked - Marco

appointing - fissare, costituire, nominare, designare, assegnare

closet - armadio, ripostiglio

condemning - condannare

constantly - ininterrottamente, costantemente, continuamente, senza sosta

Not a hint, however, did she drop about sending me to school: still I felt an instinctive certainty that she would not long endure me under the same roof with her; for her glance, now more than ever, when turned on me, expressed an insuperable and rooted aversion.

hint - accenno, allusione, indizio, aiuto

instinctive - istintivo

certainty - certezza

roof - tetto

expressed - esprimere

insuperable - insuperabile

rooted - radice

Eliza and Georgiana, evidently acting according to orders, spoke to me as little as possible: John thrust his tongue in his cheek whenever he saw me, and once attempted chastisement; but as I instantly turned against him, roused by the same sentiment of deep ire and desperate revolt which had stirred my corruption before, he thought it better to desist, and ran from me tittering execrations, and vowing I had burst his nose. I had indeed levelled at that prominent feature as hard a blow as my knuckles could inflict; and when I saw that either that or my look daunted him, I had the greatest inclination to follow up my advantage to purpose; but he was already with his mama. I heard him in a blubbering tone commence the tale of how "that nasty Jane Eyre" had flown at him like a mad cat: he was stopped rather harshly-

evidently - evidentemente

acting - recitare, (act), atto, legge, numero, scena, messinscena, agire

according - accordo

whenever - ogni volta che

attempted - tentare, cercare, provare, attentare, tentativo

chastisement - castigo

roused - svegliare

revolt - rivolta

corruption - corruzione

desist - desistere

tittering - titubare

execrations - esecrazione

vowing - voto, giurare, votare

burst - scoppiare, esplodere, strappare, separare, scoppio, esplosione

levelled - piano, orizzontale, livellato, costante, uniforme, a posto

feature - caratteristica

knuckles - nocca, giuntura

inflict - infliggere, comminare

daunted - scoraggiare, intimidire

inclination - inclinazione, dislivello

advantage - vantaggio, beneficio

purpose - scopo

blubbering - adipe, pannicolo

tone - tono

commence - cominciare

nasty - sporco, sozzo, zozzo, lurido

harshly - aspramente, severamente, duramente

"Don't talk to me about her, John: I told you not to go near her; she is not worthy of notice; I do not choose that either you or your sisters should associate with her."

worthy - degno

notice - percezione, notifica, avviso, comunicazione, preavviso, notare

associate with - associarsi

Here, leaning over the banister, I cried out suddenly, and without at all deliberating on my words-

banister - ringhiera

deliberating - premeditato, intenzionale, voluto

"They are not fit to associate with me."

associate - associare

Mrs. Reed was rather a stout woman; but, on hearing this strange and audacious declaration, she ran nimbly up the stair, swept me like a whirlwind into the nursery, and crushing me down on the edge of my crib, dared me in an emphatic voice to rise from that place, or utter one syllable during the remainder of the day.

audacious - audace, azzardato, avventato

declaration - dichiarazione, asserzione, voto, conferma

nimbly - agilmente

stair - scalino, scala

swept - spazzare, scopare, ramazzare, setacciare, spazzata

whirlwind - turbine

crib - culla, lettino a sponde alte, greppia, mangiatoia

emphatic - enfatico

utter - completo, totale

syllable - sillaba

remainder - rimanenza, avanzo, restante, residuo

"What would Uncle Reed say to you, if he were alive?" was my scarcely voluntary demand. I say scarcely voluntary, for it seemed as if my tongue pronounced words without my will consenting to their utterance: something spoke out of me over which I had no control.

voluntary - spontaneo, volontario, di propria iniziativa, intenzionale

demand - domanda, richiesta, rivendicazione, bisogno, necessita

consenting - consentire, consenso

utterance - pronunciamento

control - controllare, influenzare, dirigere, controllo, comando

"What?" said Mrs. Reed under her breath: her usually cold composed grey eye became troubled with a look like fear; she took her hand from my arm, and gazed at me as if she really did not know whether I were child or fiend. I was now in for it.

breath - respiro, lena, alito, fiato

composed - showing composure

gazed at - guardato

"My Uncle Reed is in heaven, and can see all you do and think; and so can papa and mama: they know how you shut me up all day long, and how you wish me dead."

papa - Padova

Mrs. Reed soon rallied her spirits: she shook me most soundly, she boxed both my ears, and then left me without a word. Bessie supplied the hiatus by a homily of an hour's length, in which she proved beyond a doubt that I was the most wicked and abandoned child ever reared under a roof. I half believed her; for I felt indeed only bad feelings surging in my breast.

rallied - riunire, riorganizzare

spirits - spirito

soundly - in modo sano e semplice

supplied - fornire

hiatus - iato, buco, lacuna, pausa

homily - omelia

Length - lunghezza

proved - provare, dimostrare

beyond - oltre, (al) di la di, dall'altra parte di, piu di, dopo

abandoned - abbandonare

reared - retro, retrovia

surging - in aumento

breast - mammella, poppa, petto, seno

November, December, and half of January passed away. Christmas and the New Year had been celebrated at Gateshead with the usual festive cheer; presents had been interchanged, dinners and evening parties given.

Christmas - Natale

celebrated - celebrare, festeggiare

usual - solito, usuale, consueto, abituale

festive - festivo, festiva

cheer - urra, acclamazione

interchanged - svincolo, interscambio

From every enjoyment I was, of course, excluded: my share of the gaiety consisted in witnessing the daily apparelling of Eliza and Georgiana, and seeing them descend to the drawing-room, dressed out in thin muslin frocks and scarlet sashes, with hair elaborately ringletted; and afterwards, in listening to the sound of the piano or the harp played below, to the passing to and fro of the butler and footman, to the jingling of glass and china as refreshments were handed, to the broken hum of conversation as the drawing-room door opened and closed. When tired of this occupation, I would retire from the stairhead to the solitary and silent nursery: there, though somewhat sad, I was not miserable. To speak truth, I had not the least wish to go into company, for in company I was very rarely noticed; and if Bessie had but been kind and companionable, I should have deemed it a treat to spend the evenings quietly with her, instead of passing them under the formidable eye of Mrs. Reed, in a room full of ladies and gentlemen. But Bessie, as soon as she had dressed her young ladies, used to take herself off to the lively regions of the kitchen and housekeeper's room, generally bearing the candle along with her. I then sat with my doll on my knee till the fire got low, glancing round occasionally to make sure that nothing worse than myself haunted the shadowy room; and when the embers sank to a dull red, I undressed hastily, tugging at knots and strings as I best might, and sought shelter from cold and darkness in my crib. To this crib I always took my doll; human beings must love something, and, in the dearth of worthier objects of affection, I contrived to find a pleasure in loving and cherishing a faded graven image, shabby as a miniature scarecrow. It puzzles me now to remember with what absurd sincerity I doated on this little toy, half fancying it alive and capable of sensation. I could not sleep unless it was folded in my night-gown; and when it lay there safe and warm, I was comparatively happy, believing it to be happy likewise.

enjoyment - divertimento

excluded - escludere

gaiety - gaiezza

consisted - consistere di

witnessing - testimonianza, testimone, prova, testimoniare, constatare, essere testimone

daily - quotidiano, giornaliero

apparelling - abbigliamento, (apparel)

descend - scendere

muslin - mussola

frocks - abito, vestito

sashes - sciarpa, fascia

elaborately - in modo elaborato

ringletted - anellato

afterwards - dopo

harp - arpa

butler - costituente, maggiordomo

footman - valletto

jingling - tintinnio, sonaglio, motivetto

refreshments - rinfrescarsi

Hum - ronzio, canticchiare, canterellare, mormorare, brontolare

occupation - occupazione

retire - (andare in pensione)

stairhead - testa delle scale

rarely - raramente

noticed - percezione, notifica, avviso, comunicazione, preavviso, notare

companionable - di compagnia

treat to - offrire, dare (qualcosa da mangiare)

quietly - in silenzio

instead - in luogo di, invece, al posto di

formidable - spaventoso

housekeeper - governante, casalinga

generally - in genere, generalmente, di solito, in generale, a grandi linee

bearing - cuscinetto

dull - spuntato, smussato, noioso, soporifero, tedioso

undressed - svestirsi

hastily - frettolosamente, precipitatamente

tugging - strattoni, (tug), trascinare, tirare, rimorchiare, strattone

knots - nodo

beings - essere, creatura, esistenza

dearth - carestia, scarsita, carenza

worthier - degno

faded - moda, andazzo, tendenza

graven image - idolo

shabby - logoro, meschino

Scarecrow - spauracchio, spilungone, spilungona

puzzles - mistero, rompicapo, indovinello, rendere perplesso

absurd - assurdo

sincerity - sincerita

toy - giocattolo, balocco, giocare, trastullarsi, baloccarsi

fancying - capriccio

capable - capace

sensation - sensazione, senso, impressione

safe - sicuro, protetto, cassaforte

comparatively - relativamente

likewise - ugualmente, similarmente, altrettanto, idem

Long did the hours seem while I waited the departure of the company, and listened for the sound of Bessie's step on the stairs: sometimes she would come up in the interval to seek her thimble or her scissors, or perhaps to bring me something by way of supper-a bun or a cheese-cake-then she would sit on the bed while I ate it, and when I had finished, she would tuck the clothes round me, and twice she kissed me, and said, "Good night, Miss Jane." When thus gentle, Bessie seemed to me the best, prettiest, kindest being in the world; and I wished most intensely that she would always be so pleasant and amiable, and never push me about, or scold, or task me unreasonably, as she was too often wont to do. Bessie Lee must, I think, have been a girl of good natural capacity, for she was smart in all she did, and had a remarkable knack of narrative; so, at least, I judge from the impression made on me by her nursery tales. She was pretty too, if my recollections of her face and person are correct. I remember her as a slim young woman, with black hair, dark eyes, very nice features, and good, clear complexion; but she had a capricious and hasty temper, and indifferent ideas of principle or justice: still, such as she was, I preferred her to any one else at Gateshead Hall.

Seem - sembrare, parere, apparire

departure - partenza, deviazione, punto di svolta, dipartenza, dipartita

stairs - scalino, scala

interval - intervallo

seek - cercare, ricercare

thimble - ditale, redancia

scissors - forbici

bun - panino dolce, ciambella

tuck - piega

kissed - baciare

gentle - gentile

intensely - intensamente

amiable - amabile, affabile, affettuoso

push - spingere

scold - bisbetica, brontolona, megera, linguaccia

task - compito

unreasonably - irragionevolmente

Lee - riparo, sottovento

smart - elegante

remarkable - notevole, degno di nota, rimarchevole, ragguardevole

knack - pallino

judge - giudicare

impression - depressione, impronta, impressione, opinione, imitazione

slim - snello, magro, affusolato, dimagrire

features - caratteristica, prestazione, peculiarita, proprieta

complexion - carnagione

capricious - capriccioso

hasty - affrettato, frettoloso, precipitoso

indifferent - indifferente

principle - principio, regola, valore

justice - giustizia

It was the fifteenth of January, about nine o'clock in the morning: Bessie was gone down to breakfast; my cousins had not yet been summoned to their mama; Eliza was putting on her bonnet and warm garden-coat to go and feed her poultry, an occupation of which she was fond: and not less so of selling the eggs to the housekeeper and hoarding up the money she thus obtained.

Fifteenth - quindicesimo, ('before the noun'), ('in names of monarchs and popes') quindicesimo ('after the name')

summoned - convocare

putting on - indossare

feed - dar da mangiare, nutrire, (fee), tassa, tariffa, quota, onorario

poultry - pollame

fond - tenero

hoarding - palizzata

obtained - ottenere, riuscire, avere, stabilirsi

She had a turn for traffic, and a marked propensity for saving; shown not only in the vending of eggs and chickens, but also in driving hard bargains with the gardener about flower-roots, seeds, and slips of plants; that functionary having orders from Mrs.

propensity - propensione, tendenza, inclinazione

saving - salvare, (save), soccorrere, redimere, immagazzinare

vending - vendere

bargains - trattativa, accordo, mercanteggiamento, mercanteggiare, trattare

gardener - giardiniere, giardiniera

seeds - seme

slips - scivolare

functionary - funzionario

Reed to buy of his young lady all the products of her parterre she wished to sell: and Eliza would have sold the hair off her head if she could have made a handsome profit thereby.

his young lady - la sua ragazza

handsome profit - un bel guadagno

thereby - in tal modo, percio, pertanto

As to her money, she first secreted it in odd corners, wrapped in a rag or an old curl-paper; but some of these hoards having been discovered by the housemaid, Eliza, fearful of one day losing her valued treasure, consented to intrust it to her mother, at a usurious rate of interest-fifty or sixty per cent.

secreted - segreto

odd - spaiato, strano, strambo, dispari, caffo, occasionale

corners - angolo, sporgenza, angolo sporgente, pietra d'angolo

rag - straccio

curl - riccio, ricciolo, boccolo, arricciamento, rotazione, spirale

per - per, a

hoards - scorta

valued - valore, valutare, stimare, apprezzare, valorizzare

treasure - tesoro, apprezzare

consented - consentire, consenso

usurious - usurari

; which interest she exacted every quarter, keeping her accounts in a little book with anxious accuracy.

exacted - esatto, giusto, preciso, attento

anxious - ansioso, preoccupante, bramoso, impaziente

accuracy - esattezza, precisione, accuratezza, acribia

Georgiana sat on a high stool, dressing her hair at the glass, and interweaving her curls with artificial flowers and faded feathers, of which she had found a store in a drawer in the attic.

interweaving - intrecciare

artificial - artificiale, artificioso, artefatto, falso

feathers - piuma, penna, barbetta

store - magazzino, deposito, scorta, immagazzinare, registrare

attic - soffitta, solaio

I was making my bed, having received strict orders from Bessie to get it arranged before she returned (for Bessie now frequently employed me as a sort of under-nurserymaid, to tidy the room, dust the chairs, &c.).

strict - stretto, particolare, esatto, austero

arranged - disporre, ordinare, preparare, arrangiare

employed - dipendente

nurserymaid - infermiera

tidy - ordinato

Having spread the quilt and folded my night-dress, I went to the window-seat to put in order some picture-books and doll's house furniture scattered there; an abrupt command from Georgiana to let her playthings alone (for the tiny chairs and mirrors, the fairy plates and cups, were her property) stopped my proceedings; and then, for lack of other occupation, I fell to breathing on the frost-flowers with which the window was fretted, and thus clearing a space in the glass through which I might look out on the grounds, where all was still and petrified under the influence of a hard frost.

quilt - trapunta, imbottire, trapuntare

put in order - mettere in ordine

scattered - disperdere, disperdersi, sparpagliare, cospargere, deflettere

abrupt - brusco, improvviso, inaspettato, discontinuo, discontinua

Command - comando, ordine, padronanza, maestria, perizia, ordinare

playthings - giocattolo, balocco

plates - piatto

property - proprieta, beni, possesso, beni immobili

proceedings - procedimento

lack - mancare di

breathing on - respirare

fretted - affliggersi

clearing - schiarimento, radura, spiazzo, compensazione, resettaggio

grounds - terra

Petrified - pietrificare

influence - influenza, ascendente, influenzare, influire

From this window were visible the porter's lodge and the carriage-road, and just as I had dissolved so much of the silver-white foliage veiling the panes as left room to look out, I saw the gates thrown open and a carriage roll through.

visible - visibile

porter - facchino

Lodge - casino, guardiola, portineria, loggia, alloggiare

silver - argento

foliage - fogliame

veiling - velatura, (veil), velo

gates - cancello, portone

thrown - gettare, lanciare

roll - rotolo

I watched it ascending the drive with indifference; carriages often came to Gateshead, but none ever brought visitors in whom I was interested; it stopped in front of the house, the door-bell rang loudly, the new-comer was admitted.

ascending - salire, riuscire

carriages - carrozza, portamento, postura, carrello

loudly - a voce alta, forte

comer - in a race, in some contest, who arrives

admitted - far entrare, ammettere, riconoscere, ricoverare

All this being nothing to me, my vacant attention soon found livelier attraction in the spectacle of a little hungry robin, which came and chirruped on the twigs of the leafless cherry-tree nailed against the wall near the casement.

livelier - vivace

Attraction - attrazione, attrattiva

spectacle - spettacolo

robin - pettirosso

chirruped - cinguettio

twigs - ramoscello, rametto

cherry-tree - (cherry-tree) ciliegio

nailed - unghia

casement - battente, anta, persiana

The remains of my breakfast of bread and milk stood on the table, and having crumbled a morsel of roll, I was tugging at the sash to put out the crumbs on the window-sill, when Bessie came running upstairs into the nursery.

remains - stare, restare, rimanere

crumbled - sgretolarsi, crollare, ridursi, sbriciolare, sbriciolarsi

sash - sciarpa, fascia

crumbs - briciole, (crumb), briciola, mollica, impasto, impanare

sill - davanzale, soglia

"Miss Jane, take off your pinafore; what are you doing there? Have you washed your hands and face this morning?" I gave another tug before I answered, for I wanted the bird to be secure of its bread: the sash yielded; I scattered the crumbs, some on the stone sill, some on the cherry-tree bough, then, closing the window, I replied-

pinafore - scamiciato, grembiule, salopette

tug - trascinare, tirare, rimorchiare, strattone

yielded - cedere

cherry - ciliegia, ciliegio

bough - ramo

replied - rispondere, replicare, ripetere, risposta, replica

"No, Bessie; I have only just finished dusting."

only just - solo ora

"Troublesome, careless child! and what are you doing now? You look quite red, as if you had been about some mischief: what were you opening the window for?"

troublesome - fastidioso

mischief - vessatorio, indisponente, danno, malanno, birboneria

I was spared the trouble of answering, for Bessie seemed in too great a hurry to listen to explanations; she hauled me to the washstand, inflicted a merciless, but happily brief scrub on my face and hands with soap, water, and a coarse towel; disciplined my head with a bristly brush, denuded me of my pinafore, and then hurrying me to the top of the stairs, bid me go down directly, as I was wanted in the breakfast-room.

spared - asta

trouble - guaio, problema, impiccio, tumulto

explanations - spiegazione, esplicazione, chiarificazione, esegesi

hauled - tirare

washstand - porta catino, porta bacinella

inflicted - infliggere, comminare

merciless - spietato, crudele

Happily - fortunatamente, felicemente, volentieri

brief - breve

scrub - lavare (fregando)

soap - sapone

coarse - grossolano, grezzo, rude, rozzo

towel - asciugamano

disciplined - disciplina

bristly - irto

brush - spazzola, pennello, incontro, scontro, spazzolare, spazzolarsi

denuded - denudarsi

hurrying - affrettarsi, (hurry), fretta, premura, furia

top - cima, sommita, coperchio, cappuccio, parte superiore, top

bid - offrire, fare un'offerta

I would have asked who wanted me: I would have demanded if Mrs. Reed was there; but Bessie was already gone, and had closed the nursery-door upon me. I slowly descended. For nearly three months, I had never been called to Mrs. Reed's presence; restricted so long to the nursery, the breakfast, dining, and drawing-rooms were become for me awful regions, on which it dismayed me to intrude.

slowly - lentamente, piano, a rilento

descended - scendere

restricted - restringere, limitare

dining - chiasso, frastuono

awful - pessimo, terribile, orribile, impressionante, tremendamente

dismayed - abbattere, abbattersi, mortificare, mortificarsi, scoraggiare

intrude - irrompere

I now stood in the empty hall; before me was the breakfast-room door, and I stopped, intimidated and trembling. What a miserable little poltroon had fear, engendered of unjust punishment, made of me in those days!

intimidated - intimidire

trembling - tremare, (tremble), tremolare, tremore

poltroon - vigliacco

engendered - generare

punishment - punizione, pena, castigo

I feared to return to the nursery, and feared to go forward to the parlour; ten minutes I stood in agitated hesitation; the vehement ringing of the breakfast-room bell decided me; I must enter.

forward - avanti, in avanti

parlour - salotto

agitated - agitare, scuotere, sbattere, turbare

hesitation - esitazione

vehement - ordine del giorno

ringing - riecheggiamento, risuonamento, riecheggiare, risonanza

enter - entrare, immettere, digitare

"Who could want me?" I asked inwardly, as with both hands I turned the stiff door-handle, which, for a second or two, resisted my efforts. "What should I see besides Aunt Reed in the apartment?-a man or a woman?" The handle turned, the door unclosed, and passing through and curtseying low, I looked up at-a black pillar!

inwardly - interiormente

stiff - rigido, inflessibile, duro, severo

handle - manico, maniglia

efforts - sforzo

unclosed - chiudere

passing through - passare

curtseying - riverenza, inchino, fare la riverenza, fare l'inchino

pillar - pilastro

-such, at least, appeared to me, at first sight, the straight, narrow, sable-clad shape standing erect on the rug: the grim face at the top was like a carved mask, placed above the shaft by way of capital.

sight - vista, spettacolo, mirino, vedere, avvistare, mirare

straight - dritto, retto, diretto, liscio, puro, in linea, convenzionale

sable - zibellina, nero

clad - vestito, (clothe), vestire

shape - condizione, stato, forma, sagoma

erect - eretto

rug - tappeto, tappetino, scendiletto

carved - tagliare, trinciare, scalcare, intagliare, scolpire

shaft - lancia, raggio, asta, prolunga, rachide, pozzo, condotto

Mrs. Reed occupied her usual seat by the fireside; she made a signal to me to approach; I did so, and she introduced me to the stony stranger with the words: "This is the little girl respecting whom I applied to you."

occupied - occupare

fireside - fuoco

signal - segnale, campo, segnalare, indicare

stony - sassoso

respecting - rispetto, riguardo, materia, rispettare

applied - applicare

He, for it was a man, turned his head slowly towards where I stood, and having examined me with the two inquisitive-looking grey eyes which twinkled under a pair of bushy brows, said solemnly, and in a bass voice, "Her size is small: what is her age?"

examined - esaminare

inquisitive - curioso, indiscreto

twinkled - scintillare

bushy - cespuglioso

brows - sopracciglia, (brow), ciglio, orlo, cima, passerella da sbarco

solemnly - solennemente

bass voice - voce di basso

size - dimensioni

"Ten years."

"So much?" was the doubtful answer; and he prolonged his scrutiny for some minutes. Presently he addressed me-"Your name, little girl?"

doubtful - dubbio, discutibile, incerto, improbabile, sospetto

prolonged - prolungare

scrutiny - scrutinio, valutazione, esame minuzioso

"Jane Eyre, sir."

In uttering these words I looked up: he seemed to me a tall gentleman; but then I was very little; his features were large, and they and all the lines of his frame were equally harsh and prim.

uttering - pronunciare

prim - cerimonioso

"Well, Jane Eyre, and are you a good child?"

Impossible to reply to this in the affirmative: my little world held a contrary opinion: I was silent. Mrs. Reed answered for me by an expressive shake of the head, adding soon, "Perhaps the less said on that subject the better, Mr. Brocklehurst."

impossible - impossibile, insopportabile, impossibile (2)

affirmative - affermativo

held - tenere

contrary - contrario, opposto

expressive - espressivo

shake - scuotere, agitare, scuotere la testa, scioccare, atterrire

"Sorry indeed to hear it! she and I must have some talk;" and bending from the perpendicular, he installed his person in the arm-chair opposite Mrs. Reed's. "Come here," he said.

perpendicular - perpendicolare

installed - installare

I stepped across the rug; he placed me square and straight before him. What a face he had, now that it was almost on a level with mine! what a great nose! and what a mouth! and what large prominent teeth!

stepped - steppa

almost - quasi

level - piano, orizzontale, livellato, costante, uniforme, a posto

"No sight so sad as that of a naughty child," he began, "especially a naughty little girl. Do you know where the wicked go after death?"

"They go to hell," was my ready and orthodox answer.

hell - inferno

orthodox - ortodosso

"And what is hell? Can you tell me that?"

"A pit full of fire."

pit - buca, fossa

"And should you like to fall into that pit, and to be burning there for ever?"

burning - bruciare

"No, sir."

"What must you do to avoid it?"

avoid - schivare, evitare

I deliberated a moment; my answer, when it did come, was objectionable: "I must keep in good health, and not die."

deliberated - premeditato, intenzionale, voluto

objectionable - discutibile

"How can you keep in good health? Children younger than you die daily. I buried a little child of five years old only a day or two since,-a good little child, whose soul is now in heaven. It is to be feared the same could not be said of you were you to be called hence."

Not being in a condition to remove his doubt, I only cast my eyes down on the two large feet planted on the rug, and sighed, wishing myself far enough away.

remove - rimuovere, asportare, levare, togliere

cast - gettare, posare, lanciare, addizionare, sommare, calcolare

"I hope that sigh is from the heart, and that you repent of ever having been the occasion of discomfort to your excellent benefactress."

sigh - sospirare

discomfort - disagio

excellent - eccellente, eccezionale

"Benefactress! benefactress!" said I inwardly: "they all call Mrs. Reed my benefactress; if so, a benefactress is a disagreeable thing."

disagreeable - sconveniente, antipatico, sgradevole

"Do you say your prayers night and morning?" continued my interrogator.

interrogator - interrogatore

"Yes, sir."

"Do you read your Bible?"

Bible - La Bibbia


"With pleasure? Are you fond of it?"

"I like Revelations, and the book of Daniel, and Genesis and Samuel, and a little bit of Exodus, and some parts of Kings and Chronicles, and Job and Jonah."

revelations - rivelazione

Daniel - Daniele

Genesis - genesi

bit - morso

Exodus - Esodo

Chronicles - cronaca, notizia

Jonah - Giona

"And the Psalms? I hope you like them?"

Psalms - salmo

"No, sir."

"No? oh, shocking! I have a little boy, younger than you, who knows six Psalms by heart: and when you ask him which he would rather have, a gingerbread-nut to eat or a verse of a Psalm to learn, he says: 'Oh! the verse of a Psalm! angels sing Psalms;'says he, 'I wish to be a little angel here below;'he then gets two nuts in recompense for his infant piety."

gingerbread - pan di zenzero, pan di spezie, stile gingerbread

verse - verso, strofa

psalm - salmo

angel - angelo

nuts - noce, nocciola, nocciolina

recompense - ricompensa, compenso

"Psalms are not interesting," I remarked.

remarked - osservazione, commento

"That proves you have a wicked heart; and you must pray to God to change it: to give you a new and clean one: to take away your heart of stone and give you a heart of flesh."

proves - provare, dimostrare

pray to - pregare

I was about to propound a question, touching the manner in which that operation of changing my heart was to be performed, when Mrs. Reed interposed, telling me to sit down; she then proceeded to carry on the conversation herself.

propound - proporre

touching - toccare, (touch), commuovere, tocco, tatto

operation - operazione, esercizio, gestione

be performed - essere eseguito

proceeded - procedere

"Mr. Brocklehurst, I believe I intimated in the letter which I wrote to you three weeks ago, that this little girl has not quite the character and disposition I could wish: should you admit her into Lowood school, I should be glad if the superintendent and teachers were requested to keep a strict eye on her, and, above all, to guard against her worst fault, a tendency to deceit.

character - personaggio, carattere, caratteristica

admit - far entrare, ammettere, riconoscere, ricoverare

Superintendent - soprintendente, sovrintendente

requested - chiedere, richiesta, talian: t-needed

guard - guardia, piantone, custode, elsa

deceit - falsita, mendacita, inganno, trucco, malafede

I mention this in your hearing, Jane, that you may not attempt to impose on Mr. Brocklehurst."

mention - cenno, accenno, menzione, menzionare

attempt - tentare, cercare, provare, attentare, tentativo

impose - imporre, abusare

Well might I dread, well might I dislike Mrs. Reed; for it was her nature to wound me cruelly; never was I happy in her presence; however carefully I obeyed, however strenuously I strove to please her, my efforts were still repulsed and repaid by such sentences as the above.

dislike - antipatia, avversione, non piacersi

wound - ferita

cruelly - crudelmente

carefully - minuziosamente, accuratamente, meticolosamente, puntigliosamente

obeyed - obbedire, ubbidire, assolvere, conformarsi

strenuously - strenuamente

repulsed - respingere

repaid - ripagare, restituire

Now, uttered before a stranger, the accusation cut me to the heart; I dimly perceived that she was already obliterating hope from the new phase of existence which she destined me to enter; I felt, though I could not have expressed the feeling, that she was sowing aversion and unkindness along my future path; I saw myself transformed under Mr.

uttered - completo, totale

accusation - accusa

perceived - percepire

obliterating - obliterare, annullare, spazzare

phase - fase

destined - destino

sowing - semina

unkindness - scortesia

transformed - trasformare, modificare, trasformarsi, trasformata

Brocklehurst's eye into an artful, noxious child, and what could I do to remedy the injury?

artful - abile, astuto

remedy - rimedio, azione giudiziaria, medicamento, rimediare

injury - ferita, danno, lesione

"Nothing, indeed," thought I, as I struggled to repress a sob, and hastily wiped away some tears, the impotent evidences of my anguish.

struggled - lotta, lottare

repress - reprimere

sob - singhiozzare

impotent - debole, impotente

evidences - prova, evidenza

"Deceit is, indeed, a sad fault in a child," said Mr. Brocklehurst; "it is akin to falsehood, and all liars will have their portion in the lake burning with fire and brimstone; she shall, however, be watched, Mrs. Reed. I will speak to Miss Temple and the teachers."

akin - consanguineo, affine

falsehood - menzogna, falsita, menzognero

liars - bugiardo, bugiarda, mentitore, mentitrice

portion - porzione

lake - lago

Brimstone - cedronella, zolfo

Temple - tempio

"I should wish her to be brought up in a manner suiting her prospects," continued my benefactress; "to be made useful, to be kept humble: as for the vacations, she will, with your permission, spend them always at Lowood."

suiting - abbigliamento, (suit), vestito, abito, seme, colore, soddisfare

prospects - prospettiva, lungimiranza, possibilita, eventualita

permission - permesso

"Your decisions are perfectly judicious, madam," returned Mr. Brocklehurst. "Humility is a Christian grace, and one peculiarly appropriate to the pupils of Lowood; I, therefore, direct that especial care shall be bestowed on its cultivation amongst them. I have studied how best to mortify in them the worldly sentiment of pride; and, only the other day, I had a pleasing proof of my success.

decisions - decisione

perfectly - perfettamente, propriamente, totalmente

judicious - giudizioso

humility - umilta

Christian - cristiano, cristiana

grace - benedicite, ringraziamento, grazia, eleganza, garbo

peculiarly - in modo particolare

appropriate - apposito, appropriato

pupils - alunno, scolaro

Direct - diretto

especial - speciale

bestowed - depositare, immagazzinare, collocare, alloggiare, donare, gloss

cultivation - coltura

mortify - mortificare

worldly - mondano

Proof - prova

My second daughter, Augusta, went with her mama to visit the school, and on her return she exclaimed: 'Oh, dear papa, how quiet and plain all the girls at Lowood look, with their hair combed behind their ears, and their long pinafores, and those little holland pockets outside their frocks-they are almost like poor people's children!

Augusta - female given name, capital city of Maine

combed - pettine

pinafores - scamiciato, grembiule, salopette

Holland - Olanda

pockets - tasca, buca, sacca, intascare, imbucare, tascabile

and,'said she, 'they looked at my dress and mama's, as if they had never seen a silk gown before.'"

"This is the state of things I quite approve," returned Mrs. Reed; "had I sought all England over, I could scarcely have found a system more exactly fitting a child like Jane Eyre. Consistency, my Dear Mr. Brocklehurst; I advocate consistency in all things."

approve - approvare

exactly - esattamente, appunto

fitting - montaggio

consistency - coerenza, costanza, consistenza

Dear Mr - Caro signor

advocate - avvocato, avvocata, sostenitore, sostenitrice, raccomandare

"Consistency, madam, is the first of Christian duties; and it has been observed in every arrangement connected with the establishment of Lowood: plain fare, simple attire, unsophisticated accommodations, hardy and active habits; such is the order of the day in the house and its inhabitants."

duties - dovere, obbligo, servizio, attivita, tassa, dazio

observed - osservare

arrangement - arrangiamento, sistemazione, incontro, composizione

establishment - istituzione, fondazione, creazione, insediamento, instaurazione

plain fare - tariffa semplice

unsophisticated - non sofisticato

accommodations - alloggio, sistemazione

hardy - resistente, robusto

active - attivo

habits - abitudine

inhabitants - abitante

"Quite right, sir. I may then depend upon this child being received as a pupil at Lowood, and there being trained in conformity to her position and prospects?"

Depend - dipendere, fare affidamento

pupil - alunno, scolaro

conformity - conformita

position - posizione, posto, lavoro, piazzare, posizionare

"Madam, you may: she shall be placed in that nursery of chosen plants, and I trust she will show herself grateful for the inestimable privilege of her election."

trust - fiducia, confidenza, speranza, credito, affidabilita, trust

grateful - grato

inestimable - inestimabile

election - elezione

"I will send her, then, as soon as possible, Mr. Brocklehurst; for, I assure you, I feel anxious to be relieved of a responsibility that was becoming too irksome."

assure - assicurare, garantire

relieved - risollevare, risollevarsi, lenire, alleviare, mitigare

responsibility - responsabilita

"No doubt, no doubt, madam; and now I wish you good morning. I shall return to Brocklehurst Hall in the course of a week or two: my good friend, the Archdeacon, will not permit me to leave him sooner. I shall send Miss Temple notice that she is to expect a new girl, so that there will be no difficulty about receiving her. Good-bye."

Archdeacon - arcidiacono

expect - aspettarsi, pensare

difficulty - difficolta

receiving - ricevere

Good-bye - (Good-bye) arrivederci

"Good-bye, Mr. Brocklehurst; remember me to Mrs. and Miss Brocklehurst, and to Augusta and Theodore, and Master Broughton Brocklehurst."

"I will, madam. Little girl, here is a book entitled the 'Child's Guide,'read it with prayer, especially that part containing 'An account of the awfully sudden death of Martha G---, a naughty child addicted to falsehood and deceit.'"

entitled - intitolare

Guide - guidare

prayer - preghiera

containing - contenere

account - conto

awfully - terribilmente

sudden death - morte improvvisa

addicted - dipendente

With these words Mr. Brocklehurst put into my hand a thin pamphlet sewn in a cover, and having rung for his carriage, he departed.

pamphlet - opuscolo

sewn - cucire

cover - coperto, coperchio, copertura, nascondiglio, copertina, coperta

rung - piolo, gradino

Mrs. Reed and I were left alone: some minutes passed in silence; she was sewing, I was watching her. Mrs.

Reed might be at that time some six or seven and thirty; she was a woman of robust frame, square-shouldered and strong-limbed, not tall, and, though stout, not obese: she had a somewhat large face, the under jaw being much developed and very solid; her brow was low, her chin large and prominent, mouth and nose sufficiently regular; under her light eyebrows glimmered an eye devoid of ruth; her skin was dark and opaque, her hair nearly flaxen; her constitution was sound as a bell-illness never came near her; she was an exact, clever manager; her household and tenantry were thoroughly under her control; her children only at times defied her authority and laughed it to scorn; she dressed well, and had a presence and port calculated to set off handsome attire.

robust - robusto

shouldered - spalla

limbed - membro, arto

obese - obeso

jaw - mascella, mandibola

developed - sviluppare, accrescere, avanzare, approfondire, creare

chin - mento

sufficiently - sufficientemente

regular - regolare, periodico, abituale, usuale, cliente

eyebrows - sopracciglio

glimmered - barlume, filo

devoid - privo, senza

ruth - Rut

opaque - opaco, opaca, offuscato, arcano, oscuro

flaxen - lino

constitution - costituzione

exact - esatto, giusto, preciso, attento

clever - furbo, astuto, sveglio, scaltro

manager - direttore, capo, responsabile, gestore

household - famiglia, nucleo familiare, domestico, casalinghi

tenantry - tenantato

thoroughly - completamente, totalmente, assolutamente

defied - sfidare, abiurare

authority - autorita

scorn - disprezzare, disdegnare, disprezzo

port - porto

calculated - calcolare

Sitting on a low stool, a few yards from her arm-chair, I examined her figure; I perused her features. In my hand I held the tract containing the sudden death of the Liar, to which narrative my attention had been pointed as to an appropriate warning. What had just passed; what Mrs. Reed had said concerning me to Mr.

yards - iarda

tract - tratto, estensione

sudden - improvviso, improvvisa

liar - bugiardo, bugiarda, mentitore, mentitrice

warning - avvertimento, monito, (warn), avvertire, avvisare

Brocklehurst; the whole tenor of their conversation, was recent, raw, and stinging in my mind; I had felt every word as acutely as I had heard it plainly, and a passion of resentment fomented now within me.

tenor - tenore

recent - recente

stinging - pungente

acutely - profondamente, intensamente, acutamente, fortemente

plainly - a chiare note

resentment - risentimento

fomented - fomentare

Mrs. Reed looked up from her work; her eye settled on mine, her fingers at the same time suspended their nimble movements.

settled - sistemarsi, mettersi

suspended - appendere, sospendere

nimble - agile, leggero, svelto, intelligente, versatile

movements - movimento

"Go out of the room; return to the nursery," was her mandate. My look or something else must have struck her as offensive, for she spoke with extreme though suppressed irritation. I got up, I went to the door; I came back again; I walked to the window, across the room, then close up to her.

mandate - mandato

offensive - offensivo, offensiva

suppressed - sopprimere

irritation - irritazione

close up - chiudere, ricucire

Speak I must: I had been trodden on severely, and must turn: but how? What strength had I to dart retaliation at my antagonist? I gathered my energies and launched them in this blunt sentence-

trodden - calpestare, pestare

severely - severamente

dart - dardo

retaliation - rappresaglia, ritorsione

antagonist - antagonista, oppositore, avversario, concorrente

energies - energia, forza

launched - lanciare, mettere in acqua*

"I am not deceitful: if I were, I should say I loved you; but I declare I do not love you: I dislike you the worst of anybody in the world except John Reed; and this book about the liar, you may give to your girl, Georgiana, for it is she who tells lies, and not I."

deceitful - bugiardo

declare - dichiarare

Except - salvo, tranne, eccetto, fatto salvo

Mrs. Reed's hands still lay on her work inactive: her eye of ice continued to dwell freezingly on mine.

lay on - sdraiarsi, fornire

inactive - inattivo

dwell - abitare, checkdimorare

freezingly - gelidamente

"What more have you to say?" she asked, rather in the tone in which a person might address an opponent of adult age than such as is ordinarily used to a child.

opponent - oppositore, oppositrice

That eye of hers, that voice stirred every antipathy I had. Shaking from head to foot, thrilled with ungovernable excitement, I continued-

thrilled - eccitare, elettrizzare

ungovernable - ingovernabile

"I am glad you are no relation of mine: I will never call you aunt again as long as I live. I will never come to see you when I am grown up; and if any one asks me how I liked you, and how you treated me, I will say the very thought of you makes me sick, and that you treated me with miserable cruelty."

liked you - piacere a qualcuno

cruelty - crudelta

"How dare you affirm that, Jane Eyre?"

affirm - affermare

"How dare I, Mrs. Reed? How dare I? Because it is the truth. You think I have no feelings, and that I can do without one bit of love or kindness; but I cannot live so: and you have no pity.

do without - fare a meno

I shall remember how you thrust me back-roughly and violently thrust me back-into the red-room, and locked me up there, to my dying day; though I was in agony; though I cried out, while suffocating with distress, 'Have mercy! Have mercy, Aunt Reed!' And that punishment you made me suffer because your wicked boy struck me-knocked me down for nothing.

roughly - aprprossimativamente, a grosso modo

violently - violentemente

dying - morire

agony - dolore, agonia, parossismo

suffocating - soffocante

distress - angoscia, pena, miseria, sconforto, pericolo

suffer - soffrire, penare, patire, aggravarsi, subire, lasciare

I will tell anybody who asks me questions, this exact tale. People think you a good woman, but you are bad, hard-hearted. You are deceitful!"

How dare I, Mrs. Reed? How dare I? Because it is the


Ere I had finished this reply, my soul began to expand, to exult, with the strangest sense of freedom, of triumph, I ever felt. It seemed as if an invisible bond had burst, and that I had struggled out into unhoped-for liberty. Not without cause was this sentiment: Mrs.

expand - estendere, espandere, dettagliare, dilungare, sviluppare

exult - esultare

Strangest - strano

freedom - liberta

triumph - trionfo

invisible - invisibile, dietro le quinte

bond - legame

unhoped - insperato

cause - causa, provocare, causare, produrre, ottenere

Reed looked frightened; her work had slipped from her knee; she was lifting up her hands, rocking herself to and fro, and even twisting her face as if she would cry.

frightened - spaurire, spaventare

Rocking - Dondolo

twisting - torsione, (twist), contorsione, distorsione

"Jane, you are under a mistake: what is the matter with you? Why do you tremble so violently? Would you like to drink some water?"

tremble - tremare, tremolare, tremore

"No, Mrs. Reed."

"Is there anything else you wish for, Jane? I assure you, I desire to be your friend."

wish for - desiderare, augurare

desire - desiderare, volere, desiderio, voglia

"Not you. You told Mr. Brocklehurst I had a bad character, a deceitful disposition; and I'll let everybody at Lowood know what you are, and what you have done."

"Jane, you don't understand these things: children must be corrected for their faults."

faults - colpa, imperfezione, sbaglio, biasimo, fessura, crepa

"Deceit is not my fault!" I cried out in a savage, high voice.

"But you are passionate, Jane, that you must allow: and now return to the nursery-there's a dear-and lie down a little."

allow - lasciare, permettere, concedere, consentire

"I am not your dear; I cannot lie down: send me to school soon, Mrs. Reed, for I hate to live here."

"I will indeed send her to school soon," murmured Mrs. Reed sotto voce; and gathering up her work, she abruptly quitted the apartment.

murmured - mormorio, brusio, sussurro, mormorare

sotto - ordine del giorno

voce - ordine del giorno

quitted - abbandonare, lasciare

I was left there alone-winner of the field. It was the hardest battle I had fought, and the first victory I had gained: I stood awhile on the rug, where Mr. Brocklehurst had stood, and I enjoyed my conqueror's solitude. First, I smiled to myself and felt elate; but this fierce pleasure subsided in me as fast as did the accelerated throb of my pulses.

winner - vincitore, vincitrice

Gained - acquistare, conseguire

Conqueror - conquistatore

solitude - solitudine

smiled - sorriso, sorridere

fierce - feroce, risoluto

subsided - sprofondare, abbassare, abbassarsi, scendere

accelerated - accelerare, affrettare

throb - battere, picchiare, pulsare, battito, palpito, pulsazione

pulses - polso

A child cannot quarrel with its elders, as I had done; cannot give its furious feelings uncontrolled play, as I had given mine, without experiencing afterwards the pang of remorse and the chill of reaction. A ridge of lighted heath, alive, glancing, devouring, would have been a meet emblem of my mind when I accused and menaced Mrs.

quarrel - lite, litigio

furious - furioso, checkarrabbiato

uncontrolled - sfrenato, incontrollato

experiencing - esperienza, esperire

remorse - rimorso

reaction - reazione

ridge - cresta, crinale, costone, colmo, catena, dorsale

Heath - brughiera, landa, erica

devouring - divorare, trangugiare, ingurgitare, ingozzarsi

emblem - emblema, raffigurazione, simbolo

menaced - minaccia

Reed: the same ridge, black and blasted after the flames are dead, would have represented as meetly my subsequent condition, when half-an-hour's silence and reflection had shown me the madness of my conduct, and the dreariness of my hated and hating position.

blasted - ventata

flames - fiamma, flame, fiammeggiare, infiammare

meetly - ordine del giorno

subsequent - successivo, checkulteriore, checksusseguente

reflection - riflessione, riflesso, riverbero

madness - pazzia, follia, checkpazzia, insanita

dreariness - squallore

Something of vengeance I had tasted for the first time; as aromatic wine it seemed, on swallowing, warm and racy: its after-flavour, metallic and corroding, gave me a sensation as if I had been poisoned. Willingly would I now have gone and asked Mrs.

vengeance - vendetta, rivalsa, rappresaglia, ritorsione

tasted - gusto, sapore, inclinazione, gustare, assaggiare

aromatic - aromatico, benzenico, pianta aromatica, gusti

swallowing - inghiottire, ingoiare

racy - vivace

flavour - sapore

metallic - metallico

corroding - corrodere

poisoned - veleno, avvelenare, intossicare

willingly - volentieri, con piacere, di buongrado, di buon grado

Reed's pardon; but I knew, partly from experience and partly from instinct, that was the way to make her repulse me with double scorn, thereby re-exciting every turbulent impulse of my nature.

Pardon - perdono, grazia, come

partly - in parte

from experience - dall'esperienza

instinct - istinto

repulse - respingere

turbulent - ordine del giorno

I would fain exercise some better faculty than that of fierce speaking; fain find nourishment for some less fiendish feeling than that of sombre indignation. I took a book-some Arabian tales; I sat down and endeavoured to read. I could make no sense of the subject; my own thoughts swam always between me and the page I had usually found fascinating.

fain - desiderare

faculty - facolta

nourishment - nutrimento

fiendish - diabolico, demoniaco

Arabian - Arabo

thoughts - idea, pensata, pensiero

fascinating - affascinare

I opened the glass-door in the breakfast-room: the shrubbery was quite still: the black frost reigned, unbroken by sun or breeze, through the grounds.

reigned - regno, regnare

unbroken - ininterrotto

I covered my head and arms with the skirt of my frock, and went out to walk in a part of the plantation which was quite sequestrated; but I found no pleasure in the silent trees, the falling fir-cones, the congealed relics of autumn, russet leaves, swept by past winds in heaps, and now stiffened together.

frock - abito, vestito

plantation - piantagione

sequestrated - sequestrare

fir - abete

cones - cono, pigna, strobilo

congealed - congelare, coagulare

russet - ruggine

winds - vento

in heaps - in mucchi

stiffened - irrigidire

I leaned against a gate, and looked into an empty field where no sheep were feeding, where the short grass was nipped and blanched. It was a very grey day; a most opaque sky, "onding on snaw," canopied all; thence flakes felt it intervals, which settled on the hard path and on the hoary lea without melting.

leaned - pendere

feeding - alimentazione

grass - erba, tgraminacea, prato, spia, delatore, pentito

blanched - Palidecer

sky - cielo

onding - l'unione

canopied - baldacchino, calotta, tettuccio

flakes - fiocco

hoary - canuto

melting - scioglimento, (melt), sciogliere, fondere

I stood, a wretched child enough, whispering to myself over and over again, "What shall I do?-what shall I do?"

wretched - misero

All at once I heard a clear voice call, "Miss Jane! where are you? Come to lunch!"

It was Bessie, I knew well enough; but I did not stir; her light step came tripping down the path.

"You naughty little thing!" she said. "Why don't you come when you are called?"

Bessie's presence, compared with the thoughts over which I had been brooding, seemed cheerful; even though, as usual, she was somewhat cross. The fact is, after my conflict with and victory over Mrs. Reed, I was not disposed to care much for the nursemaid's transitory anger; and I was disposed to bask in her youthful lightness of heart. I just put my two arms round her and said, "Come, Bessie!

brooding - malinconico, meditabondo, cupo, (brood), nidiata, prole

cheerful - allegro, felice, gioioso, luminoso

conflict - conflitto, incompatibilita, interferire, sovrapporsi

nursemaid - bambinaia, babysitter, tata

anger - ira, rabbia, collera

bask - crogiolarsi

youthful - giovanile

lightness - leggerezza

don't scold."

The action was more frank and fearless than any I was habituated to indulge in: somehow it pleased her.

fearless - senza paura

habituated - assuefazione

indulge - assecondare, viziare

somehow - in qualche modo

"You are a strange child, Miss Jane," she said, as she looked down at me; "a little roving, solitary thing: and you are going to school, I suppose?"

roving - wandering

I nodded.

nodded - annuire, accennare, scuotere, addormentarsi, appisolarsi

"And won't you be sorry to leave poor Bessie?"

be sorry - essere dispiaciuto

"What does Bessie care for me? She is always scolding me."

scolding - rimproveri, (scold), bisbetica, brontolona, megera, linguaccia

"Because you're such a queer, frightened, shy little thing. You should be bolder."

queer - strano, bizzarro

Shy - timido, schivo, meno, adombrarsi, gettare, scagliare

bolder - ardito, coraggioso

"What! to get more knocks?"

knocks - colpo, botta, botto, autocombustione, bussare

"Nonsense! But you are rather put upon, that's certain. My mother said, when she came to see me last week, that she would not like a little one of her own to be in your place.-Now, come in, and I've some good news for you."

little one - piccolo

ve - ordine del giorno

"I don't think you have, Bessie."

"Child! what do you mean? What sorrowful eyes you fix on me! Well, but Missis and the young ladies and Master John are going out to tea this afternoon, and you shall have tea with me. I'll ask cook to bake you a little cake, and then you shall help me to look over your drawers; for I am soon to pack your trunk.

sorrowful - dolorosa

Fix - aggiustare, riparare, mettere una pezza, sistemare, preparare

have tea - bere il te

bake - cuocere, cuocersi, infornare

look over - inspezionare qualcosa, guardare attraverso qualcosa

trunk - tronco, baule, cofano, proboscide, bagagliaio

Missis intends you to leave Gateshead in a day or two, and you shall choose what toys you like to take with you."

intends - intendere, avere in animo

"Bessie, you must promise not to scold me any more till I go."

"Well, I will; but mind you are a very good girl, and don't be afraid of me. Don't start when I chance to speak rather sharply; it's so provoking."

sharply - in modo acuto

provoking - provocare, generare

"I don't think I shall ever be afraid of you again, Bessie, because I have got used to you, and I shall soon have another set of people to dread."

"If you dread them they'll dislike you."

"As you do, Bessie?"

"I don't dislike you, Miss; I believe I am fonder of you than of all the others."

fonder - tenero

"You don't show it."

"You little sharp thing! you've got quite a new way of talking. What makes you so venturesome and hardy?"

venturesome - avventuroso

"Why, I shall soon be away from you, and besides"-I was going to say something about what had passed between me and Mrs. Reed, but on second thoughts I considered it better to remain silent on that head.

be away - essere via

"And so you're glad to leave me?"

"Not at all, Bessie; indeed, just now I'm rather sorry."

"Just now! and rather! How coolly my little lady says it! I dare say now if I were to ask you for a kiss you wouldn't give it me: you'd say you'd rather not."

coolly - freddamente

kiss - baciare

"I'll kiss you and welcome: bend your head down." Bessie stooped; we mutually embraced, and I followed her into the house quite comforted. That afternoon lapsed in peace and harmony; and in the evening Bessie told me some of her most enchanting stories, and sang me some of her sweetest songs. Even for me life had its gleams of sunshine.

bend - curvare, piegare, piegarsi, curvarsi, ammanigliare, curva, nodo

stooped - chinarsi, abbassarsi

mutually - vicendevolmente

embraced - abbracciare, aderire, inglobare, abbraccio

comforted - agio, comodita, benessere

lapsed - giri

enchanting - incantare

sweetest - dolcemente, dolcetto, caramella

gleams - brillare

sunshine - luce del sole


Five o'clock had hardly struck on the morning of the 19th of January, when Bessie brought a candle into my closet and found me already up and nearly dressed. I had risen half-an-hour before her entrance, and had washed my face, and put on my clothes by the light of a half-moon just setting, whose rays streamed through the narrow window near my crib.

hardly - aspramente, appena, quasi, checkmica

half-moon - (half-moon) mezza luna

setting - contesto, circostanza, impostazioni, calante, (set), Seth

rays - raggio

streamed - corrente, ruscello, rivo, flusso, semestre

I was to leave Gateshead that day by a coach which passed the lodge gates at six a.m. Bessie was the only person yet risen; she had lit a fire in the nursery, where she now proceeded to make my breakfast. Few children can eat when excited with the thoughts of a journey; nor could I.

coach - carrozza, vettura, diligenza, cocchio, carrozza ferroviaria

Bessie, having pressed me in vain to take a few spoonfuls of the boiled milk and bread she had prepared for me, wrapped up some biscuits in a paper and put them into my bag; then she helped me on with my pelisse and bonnet, and wrapping herself in a shawl, she and I left the nursery. As we passed Mrs. Reed's bedroom, she said, "Will you go in and bid Missis good-bye?"

pressed - premere, pigiare

vain - vanitoso, vanesio, vano

spoonfuls - cucchiaiata, cucchiaio

boiled - bollire

wrapped up - avvolto

biscuits - biscotto, biscottino

wrapping - avvolgimento

"No, Bessie: she came to my crib last night when you were gone down to supper, and said I need not disturb her in the morning, or my cousins either; and she told me to remember that she had always been my best friend, and to speak of her and be grateful to her accordingly."

disturb - disturbare

accordingly - conseguentemente, di conseguenza, in conformita a

"What did you say, Miss?"

"Nothing: I covered my face with the bedclothes, and turned from her to the wall."

bedclothes - biancheria da letto

"That was wrong, Miss Jane."

"It was quite right, Bessie. Your Missis has not been my friend: she has been my foe."

foe - nemico

"O Miss Jane! don't say so!"

"Good-bye to Gateshead!" cried I, as we passed through the hall and went out at the front door.

passed through - passare

The moon was set, and it was very dark; Bessie carried a lantern, whose light glanced on wet steps and gravel road sodden by a recent thaw. Raw and chill was the winter morning: my teeth chattered as I hastened down the drive.

glanced - dare un'occhiata, sbirciare, occhieggiare, radere, rasentare

gravel - ghiaia, calcolo, agghiaiare

sodden - fradicio, (seethe), bollire, ribollire, schiumare, fervere

thaw - fondere

chattered - ciarlare

hastened - affrettarsi, sbrigarsi, affrettare, anticipare

There was a light in the porter's lodge: when we reached it, we found the porter's wife just kindling her fire: my trunk, which had been carried down the evening before, stood corded at the door.

reached - arrivare a, raggiungere

kindling - esca, accelerante

corded - cordone

It wanted but a few minutes of six, and shortly after that hour had struck, the distant roll of wheels announced the coming coach; I went to the door and watched its lamps approach rapidly through the gloom.

shortly - subito, tra poco, in breve

wheels - ruota, timone, ruota del timone, pezzo grosso, cerchio

announced - annunciare, segnalare, pronunciare

rapidly - rapidamente

"Is she going by herself?" asked the porter's wife.

going by - passare


"And how far is it?"

"Fifty miles."

"What a long way! I wonder Mrs. Reed is not afraid to trust her so far alone."

The coach drew up; there it was at the gates with its four horses and its top laden with passengers: the guard and coachman loudly urged haste; my trunk was hoisted up; I was taken from Bessie's neck, to which I clung with kisses.

laden - carico

passengers - passeggero

coachman - cocchiere

urged - pulsione, incoraggiare, fare pressione, invitare, esortare

haste - fretta

hoisted - elevare, alzare, issare, innalzare

clung - aggrapparsi, aderire

kisses - baciare

"Be sure and take good care of her," cried she to the guard, as he lifted me into the inside.

inside - interno, dentro, dall'interno, checkriservato

"Ay, ay!" was the answer: the door was slapped to, a voice exclaimed "All right," and on we drove. Thus was I severed from Bessie and Gateshead; thus whirled away to unknown, and, as I then deemed, remote and mysterious regions.

Ay - Sí

slapped - schiaffo, ceffone, sberla, schiaffeggiare, colpire

severed - recidere, troncare, tagliare, separare, distaccare

whirled - turbinare, piroettare, roteare

I remember but little of the journey; I only know that the day seemed to me of a preternatural length, and that we appeared to travel over hundreds of miles of road. We passed through several towns, and in one, a very large one, the coach stopped; the horses were taken out, and the passengers alighted to dine.

several - diversi, vari

alighted - scendere

dine - cenare

I was carried into an inn, where the guard wanted me to have some dinner; but, as I had no appetite, he left me in an immense room with a fireplace at each end, a chandelier pendent from the ceiling, and a little red gallery high up against the wall filled with musical instruments.

Inn - osteria, locanda

appetite - appetito

immense - immenso

fireplace - camino, caminetto, focolare

chandelier - candelabro, lampadario

pendent - ciondolo

gallery - galleria, palchetto, balconata, loggia

musical - musicale

instruments - strumento

Here I walked about for a long time, feeling very strange, and mortally apprehensive of some one coming in and kidnapping me; for I believed in kidnappers, their exploits having frequently figured in Bessie's fireside chronicles.

mortally - mortalmente

apprehensive - apprensivo

kidnapping - sequestro, (kidnap), rapire, sequestrare, rapimento

kidnappers - rapitore

exploits - gesto eroico, gesta eroiche, gesta, prodezza, impresa

figured - figura, fisico, personaggio, cifra, forma, calcolare, risolvere

At last the guard returned; once more I was stowed away in the coach, my protector mounted his own seat, sounded his hollow horn, and away we rattled over the "stony street" of L-.

stowed away - stivato

protector - protettore, protettrice

horn - corno, clacson

rattled - far tintinnare/sbatacchiare

The afternoon came on wet and somewhat misty: as it waned into dusk, I began to feel that we were getting very far indeed from Gateshead: we ceased to pass through towns; the country changed; great grey hills heaved up round the horizon: as twilight deepened, we descended a valley, dark with wood, and long after night had overclouded the prospect, I heard a wild wind rushing amongst trees.

misty - con foschia, nebbioso, velato

waned - pallido

dusk - crepuscolo, tramonto, tramontare, crepuscolare

ceased - cessare, arrestare, smettere, interrompere

pass through - passare attraverso

hills - collina, colle

heaved - sollevamento

deepened - approfondire, intensificare

Valley - valle

wood - legno

prospect - prospettiva, lungimiranza, possibilita, eventualita

Lulled by the sound, I at last dropped asleep; I had not long slumbered when the sudden cessation of motion awoke me; the coach-door was open, and a person like a servant was standing at it: I saw her face and dress by the light of the lamps.

lulled - quiete, pausa, calma, intervallo

dropped - goccia

slumbered - sonnolenza, dormiveglia, appisolarsi, assopirsi, appalugarsi

cessation - cessazione

motion - movimento, mozione, mozioni

awoke - svegliarsi

"Is there a little girl called Jane Eyre here?" she asked. I answered "Yes," and was then lifted out; my trunk was handed down, and the coach instantly drove away.

drove away - allontanarsi, andare via

I was stiff with long sitting, and bewildered with the noise and motion of the coach: Gathering my faculties, I looked about me. Rain, wind, and darkness filled the air; nevertheless, I dimly discerned a wall before me and a door open in it; through this door I passed with my new guide: she shut and locked it behind her.

nevertheless - nondimeno, tuttavia, eppure, nonostante

discerned - percepire

There was now visible a house or houses-for the building spread far-with many windows, and lights burning in some; we went up a broad pebbly path, splashing wet, and were admitted at a door; then the servant led me through a passage into a room with a fire, where she left me alone.

broad - largo

pebbly - ghiaioso

splashing - schizzi, (splash), schizzo, tonfo, sciacquio

I stood and warmed my numbed fingers over the blaze, then I looked round; there was no candle, but the uncertain light from the hearth showed, by intervals, papered walls, carpet, curtains, shining mahogany furniture: it was a parlour, not so spacious or splendid as the drawing-room at Gateshead, but comfortable enough.

numbed - intorpidito

blaze - incendio

uncertain - incerto

shining - brillare, far luce con

comfortable - comodo, confortevole

I was puzzling to make out the subject of a picture on the wall, when the door opened, and an individual carrying a light entered; another followed close behind.

puzzling - misterioso, enigmatico, (puzzle), mistero, rompicapo

The first was a tall lady with dark hair, dark eyes, and a pale and large forehead; her figure was partly enveloped in a shawl, her countenance was grave, her bearing erect.

forehead - fronte

enveloped - circondare, avviluppare

countenance - sembianza, apparenza, espressione

"The child is very young to be sent alone," said she, putting her candle down on the table. She considered me attentively for a minute or two, then further added-

attentively - attentamente

"She had better be put to bed soon; she looks tired: are you tired?" she asked, placing her hand on my shoulder.

put to bed - mettere a letto

"A little, ma'am."

"And hungry too, no doubt: let her have some supper before she goes to bed, Miss Miller. Is this the first time you have left your parents to come to school, my little girl?"

miller - Molinaro

I explained to her that I had no parents. She inquired how long they had been dead: then how old I was, what was my name, whether I could read, write, and sew a little: then she touched my cheek gently with her forefinger, and saying, "She hoped I should be a good child," dismissed me along with Miss Miller.

inquired - domandare, chiedere

sew - cucire

touched - commosso

gently - soavemente, dolcemente, blandamente, delicatamente

forefinger - indice, dito indice

dismissed - licenziare, congedare, mandare via, dimettere, rompere le righe

The lady I had left might be about twenty-nine; the one who went with me appeared some years younger: the first impressed me by her voice, look, and air.

impressed - impressionare, imprimere, confiscare, requisire

Miss Miller was more ordinary; ruddy in complexion, though of a careworn countenance; hurried in gait and action, like one who had always a multiplicity of tasks on hand: she looked, indeed, what I afterwards found she really was, an under-teacher.

more ordinary - piu ordinario

ruddy - rubicondo

careworn - consumato dalla cura

hurried - fretta, premura, furia, affrettarsi, precipitarsi

gait - andatura, passo

multiplicity - molteplicita

tasks - compito

Led by her, I passed from compartment to compartment, from passage to passage, of a large and irregular building; till, emerging from the total and somewhat dreary silence pervading that portion of the house we had traversed, we came upon the hum of many voices, and presently entered a wide, long room, with great deal tables, two at each end, on each of which burnt a pair of candles, and seated all round on benches, a congregation of girls of every age, from nine or ten to twenty. Seen by the dim light of the dips, their number to me appeared countless, though not in reality exceeding eighty; they were uniformly dressed in brown stuff frocks of quaint fashion, and long holland pinafores. It was the hour of study; they were engaged in conning over their to-morrow's task, and the hum I had heard was the combined result of their whispered repetitions.

compartment - terrazza, zoccolo

irregular - irregolare

emerging - emergere, venire fuori, venire alla luce

pervading - pervadere

traversed - traversare

candles - candela

benches - panchina

congregation - assemblea, congregazione, raduno

dim light - luce fioca

dips - intingere

countless - innumerevole, incalcolabile, innumerabile

exceeding - superare, eccedere

uniformly - uniformemente

stuff - cose, roba, tessuto, stoffa, roba (1), checkcose (2), farcire

quaint - originale, curioso

fashion - moda, voga, stile, maniera, modo, tendenza, fabbricare

engaged - attirare, convergere, ingaggiare, intavolare, irretire

conning - imbrogliare

morrow - domani

combined - combinare, mischiare, abbinare, unire, kombinat, combinat

whispered - sussurro, sussurrare

repetitions - ripetizione

Miss Miller signed to me to sit on a bench near the door, then walking up to the top of the long room she cried out-

signed - segno

Bench - panchina

"Monitors, collect the lesson-books and put them away!"

Monitors - monitor, monitorare, supervisionare, guardare

collect - riunirsi

Four tall girls arose from different tables, and going round, gathered the books and removed them. Miss Miller again gave the word of command-

arose from - e nata da

going round - fermarsi, girare, circolare

removed - rimuovere, asportare, levare, togliere

"Monitors, fetch the supper-trays!"

trays - vassoio

The tall girls went out and returned presently, each bearing a tray, with portions of something, I knew not what, arranged thereon, and a pitcher of water and mug in the middle of each tray. The portions were handed round; those who liked took a draught of the water, the mug being common to all.

tray - vassoio

portions - porzione

thereon - su di esso

Pitcher - Brocca

mug - tazza

Middle - mezzo, centro, cintura, checkmeta, medio, mezzano, centrale

handed round - distribuito, consegnato

draught - pedina

When it came to my turn, I drank, for I was thirsty, but did not touch the food, excitement and fatigue rendering me incapable of eating: I now saw, however, that it was a thin oaten cake shared into fragments.

touch - toccare, commuovere, tocco, tatto

fatigue - stanchezza, affaticamento, corvé, usura

rendering - present participle of render

fragments - frammento, frammentare

The meal over, prayers were read by Miss Miller, and the classes filed off, two and two, upstairs. Overpowered by this time with weariness, I scarcely noticed what sort of a place the bedroom was, except that, like the schoolroom, I saw it was very long.

filed off - limato

overpowered - sopraffare, soverchiare

weariness - stanchezza

schoolroom - aula scolastica

To-night I was to be Miss Miller's bed-fellow; she helped me to undress: when laid down I glanced at the long rows of beds, each of which was quickly filled with two occupants; in ten minutes the single light was extinguished, and amidst silence and complete darkness I fell asleep.

undress - svestirsi

laid down - sdraiarsi

rows - fila

occupants - occupante

single - singolo, solo, intero, unico, single

extinguished - estinguere

amidst - in mezzo

The night passed rapidly. I was too tired even to dream; I only once awoke to hear the wind rave in furious gusts, and the rain fall in torrents, and to be sensible that Miss Miller had taken her place by my side. When I again unclosed my eyes, a loud bell was ringing; the girls were up and dressing; day had not yet begun to dawn, and a rushlight or two burned in the room.

dream - sogno, sognare

rave - delirare

gusts - raffica

torrents - torrente

side - lato

dawn - spuntare, albeggiare, alba, aurora, albori

burned - bruciare

I too rose reluctantly; it was bitter cold, and I dressed as well as I could for shivering, and washed when there was a basin at liberty, which did not occur soon, as there was but one basin to six girls, on the stands down the middle of the room.

reluctantly - svogliatamente, di malavoglia, malvolentieri

shivering - rabbrividire

occur - verificarsi, sovvenire, venire in mente

Again the bell rang: all formed in file, two and two, and in that order descended the stairs and entered the cold and dimly lit schoolroom: here prayers were read by Miss Miller; afterwards she called out-

file - fila

"Form classes!"

A great tumult succeeded for some minutes, during which Miss Miller repeatedly exclaimed, "Silence!" and "Order!" When it subsided, I saw them all drawn up in four semicircles, before four chairs, placed at the four tables; all held books in their hands, and a great book, like a Bible, lay on each table, before the vacant seat.

repeatedly - ripetutamente

semicircles - semicerchio

A pause of some seconds succeeded, filled up by the low, vague hum of numbers; Miss Miller walked from class to class, hushing this indefinite sound.

filled up - riempito

hushing - zitto!, silenzio!

indefinite - indefinito

A distant bell tinkled: immediately three ladies entered the room, each walked to a table and took her seat. Miss Miller assumed the fourth vacant chair, which was that nearest the door, and around which the smallest of the children were assembled: to this inferior class I was called, and placed at the bottom of it.

tinkled - tintinnare, scampanellare

assumed - presupporre, ritenere, assumere

assembled - assemblare, montare, mettere insieme, riunire, riunirsi, adunare

inferior - inferiore, di basso rango

bottom - fondo, parte inferiore, sedere, passivo

Business now began, the day's Collect was repeated, then certain texts of Scripture were said, and to these succeeded a protracted reading of chapters in the Bible, which lasted an hour. By the time that exercise was terminated, day had fully dawned.

Scripture - scrittura

protracted - protrarre

chapters - capitolo

lasted - ultimo

terminated - cessare, terminare

The indefatigable bell now sounded for the fourth time: the classes were marshalled and marched into another room to breakfast: how glad I was to behold a prospect of getting something to eat! I was now nearly sick from inanition, having taken so little the day before.

indefatigable - infaticabile

marshalled - maresciallo

behold - guardare, ecco

inanition - inanizione

The refectory was a great, low-ceiled, gloomy room; on two long tables smoked basins of something hot, which, however, to my dismay, sent forth an odour far from inviting. I saw a universal manifestation of discontent when the fumes of the repast met the nostrils of those destined to swallow it; from the van of the procession, the tall girls of the first class, rose the whispered words-

refectory - refettorio, mensa

ceiled - soffitto

gloomy - tetro, uggioso, cupo, lugubre

smoked - fumo

basins - lavandino, lavabo, bacinella, lavacro

dismay - abbattere, abbattersi, mortificare, mortificarsi, scoraggiare

odour - odore

universal - universale

manifestation - manifestazione

discontent - malcontento, scontentezza

fumes - fumo, rodersi il fegato, mangiarsi il fegato

repast - un pasto

nostrils - narice

swallow - inghiottire, ingoiare

van - furgone

procession - corteo

first class - prima classe

"Disgusting! The porridge is burnt again!"

porridge - farinata d'avena

"Silence!" ejaculated a voice; not that of Miss Miller, but one of the upper teachers, a little and dark personage, smartly dressed, but of somewhat morose aspect, who installed herself at the top of one table, while a more buxom lady presided at the other.

ejaculated - eiaculare

personage - personaggio

smartly - in modo intelligente

morose - cupo, imbronciato

installed - rata

buxom - formosa, prosperosa, tettona

presided - presiedere

I looked in vain for her I had first seen the night before; she was not visible: Miss Miller occupied the foot of the table where I sat, and a strange, foreign-looking, elderly lady, the French teacher, as I afterwards found, took the corresponding seat at the other board. A long grace was said and a hymn sung; then a servant brought in some tea for the teachers, and the meal began.

looked in - guardato dentro

foreign - estraneo, estranea, straniero, straniera

elderly - anziano, anziana, anziani, anziane

French teacher - Insegnante di francese

corresponding - corrispondere

board - asse

Ravenous, and now very faint, I devoured a spoonful or two of my portion without thinking of its taste; but the first edge of hunger blunted, I perceived I had got in hand a nauseous mess; burnt porridge is almost as bad as rotten potatoes; famine itself soon sickens over it.

ravenous - famelico, affamato, vorace

faint - debole

devoured - divorare, trangugiare, ingurgitare, ingozzarsi

spoonful - cucchiaiata, cucchiaio

taste - gusto, sapore, inclinazione, gustare, assaggiare

hunger - fame

blunted - smussato

nauseous - nausea

mess - confusione, disordine

rotten - marcito, marcio, malvagio

famine - carestia

itself - sé, se stesso, sé stesso

sickens - ammalarsi

The spoons were moved slowly: I saw each girl taste her food and try to swallow it; but in most cases the effort was soon relinquished. Breakfast was over, and none had breakfasted. Thanks being returned for what we had not got, and a second hymn chanted, the refectory was evacuated for the schoolroom.

spoons - cucchiaio

cases - caso

relinquished - abbandonare, rinunciare, rilasciare, lasciare andare, liberare

chanted - salmodiare, salmodia

evacuated - evacuare

I was one of the last to go out, and in passing the tables, I saw one teacher take a basin of the porridge and taste it; she looked at the others; all their countenances expressed displeasure, and one of them, the stout one, whispered-

countenances - sembianza, apparenza, espressione

displeasure - scontentezza

"Abominable stuff! How shameful!"

abominable - abominabile, detestabile, efferato, odioso

shameful - vergognoso

A quarter of an hour passed before lessons again began, during which the schoolroom was in a glorious tumult; for that space of time it seemed to be permitted to talk loud and more freely, and they used their privilege. The whole conversation ran on the breakfast, which one and all abused roundly. Poor things! it was the sole consolation they had.

glorious - glorioso

space of time - spazio di tempo

freely - liberamente

roundly - in modo circolare

sole - (pianta del piede)

consolation - consolazione

Miss Miller was now the only teacher in the room: a group of great girls standing about her spoke with serious and sullen gestures. I heard the name of Mr. Brocklehurst pronounced by some lips; at which Miss Miller shook her head disapprovingly; but she made no great effort to check the general wrath; doubtless she shared in it.

standing about - rimanere, stare da qualche parte

gestures - gesto

lips - labbro, beccuccio

disapprovingly - con disapprovazione

wrath - furore, collera, ira

doubtless - senza dubbio

A clock in the schoolroom struck nine; Miss Miller left her circle, and standing in the middle of the room, cried-

circle - cerchio, disco, sfera, curva, circolo, gruppo, cenacolo

"Silence! To your seats!"

seats - posto, seduta, sedile, scranno

Discipline prevailed: in five minutes the confused throng was resolved into order, and comparative silence quelled the Babel clamour of tongues. The upper teachers now punctually resumed their posts: but still, all seemed to wait.

prevailed - prevalere, predominare, persuadere

throng - calca, ressa, folla, turba

comparative - comparativo

quelled - reprimere, soffocare

babel - babele

clamour - clamore

tongues - lingua, linguetta

punctually - puntualmente

resumed - riprendere

Ranged on benches down the sides of the room, the eighty girls sat motionless and erect; a quaint assemblage they appeared, all with plain locks combed from their faces, not a curl visible; in brown dresses, made high and surrounded by a narrow tucker about the throat, with little pockets of holland (shaped something like a Highlander's purse) tied in front of their frocks, and destined to serve the purpose of a work-bag: all, too, wearing woollen stockings and country-made shoes, fastened with brass buckles. Above twenty of those clad in this costume were full-grown girls, or rather young women; it suited them ill, and gave an air of oddity even to the prettiest.

ranged - catena, fornello, stufa a legna, piano cottura, varieta, gamma

sides - lato

motionless - immobile, immoto, inerte

assemblage - assemblaggio

locks - serratura

surrounded - circondare, accerchiare, assediare

throat - gola

shaped - condizione, stato, forma, sagoma

purse - portafoglio, borsa, borsellino, borsetta

tied - legare, attaccare

serve the purpose - servire allo scopo

woollen - lana

stockings - calzettone

fastened - chiudere, fissare, attaccare

brass - ottone, di ottone

buckles - fibbia, fermaglio

costume - costume

suited - talian: t-needed

oddity - stranezza

I was still looking at them, and also at intervals examining the teachers-none of whom precisely pleased me; for the stout one was a little coarse, the dark one not a little fierce, the foreigner harsh and grotesque, and Miss Miller, poor thing!

examining - esaminare

precisely - precisamente, esattamente

foreigner - straniero, straniera, (foreign), estraneo, estranea

grotesque - grottesco

looked purple, weather-beaten, and over-worked-when, as my eye wandered from face to face, the whole school rose simultaneously, as if moved by a common spring.

beaten - colpire, percuotere

wandered - errare, vagare, girovagare, passeggiare

simultaneously - simultaneamente, allo stesso tempo

What was the matter? I had heard no order given: I was puzzled. Ere I had gathered my wits, the classes were again seated: but as all eyes were now turned to one point, mine followed the general direction, and encountered the personage who had received me last night.

wits - spirito

direction - direzione, senso di marcia, regia, conduzione

encountered - incontrare, imbattersi in

She stood at the bottom of the long room, on the hearth; for there was a fire at each end; she surveyed the two rows of girls silently and gravely. Miss Miller approaching, seemed to ask her a question, and having received her answer, went back to her place, and said aloud-

fire at - sparare a

silently - silenziosamente

gravely - gravemente

approaching - avvicinarsi

"Monitor of the first class, fetch the globes!"

monitor - monitor, monitorare, supervisionare, guardare

globes - globo

While the direction was being executed, the lady consulted moved slowly up the room. I suppose I have a considerable organ of veneration, for I retain yet the sense of admiring awe with which my eyes traced her steps.

consulted - consultarsi, consultare

considerable - considerabile

organ - organo

veneration - venerazione

retain - conservare, mantenere

admiring - ammirare

awe - timore

traced - traccia

Seen now, in broad daylight, she looked tall, fair, and shapely; brown eyes with a benignant light in their irids, and a fine pencilling of long lashes round, relieved the whiteness of her large front; on each of her temples her hair, of a very dark brown, was clustered in round curls, according to the fashion of those times, when neither smooth bands nor long ringlets were in vogue; her dress, also in the mode of the day, was of purple cloth, relieved by a sort of Spanish trimming of black velvet; a gold watch (watches were not so common then as now) shone at her girdle. Let the reader add, to complete the picture, refined features; a complexion, if pale, clear; and a stately air and carriage, and he will have, at least, as clearly as words can give it, a correct idea of the exterior of Miss Temple-Maria Temple, as I afterwards saw the name written in a prayer-book intrusted to me to carry to church.

shapely - formoso, tornito, prosperoso, polputo

benignant - benigno

lashes - ciglio

whiteness - bianchezza, biancore

temples - tempio

dark brown - marrone scuro

smooth - liscio, mellifluo, facile, dolce, soffice, blando

ringlets - ricciolo

vogue - moda

mode - modo, maniera

Spanish - spagnolo, castigliano

trimming - rifilatura, (trim), tagliare, accorciare, decorare, bordare

velvet - velluto

gold - oro, d'oro

shone - brillare, far luce con

girdle - cintura

refined - raffinare, decontaminare, decantare, purificare

stately - prestante

exterior - talian: t-needed

The superintendent of Lowood (for such was this lady) having taken her seat before a pair of globes placed on one of the tables, summoned the first class round her, and commenced giving a lesson on geography; the lower classes were called by the teachers: repetitions in history, grammar, &c.

commenced - cominciare

lower classes - classi inferiori

Grammar - grammatica

, went on for an hour; writing and arithmetic succeeded, and music lessons were given by Miss Temple to some of the elder girls. The duration of each lesson was measured by the clock, which at last struck twelve. The superintendent rose-

Arithmetic - aritmetica, aritmetico

duration - durata

measured - misurazione, misura, righello, regolo, funzione di misura

"I have a word to address to the pupils," said she.

address to - indirizzo per

The tumult of cessation from lessons was already breaking forth, but it sank at her voice. She went on-

"You had this morning a breakfast which you could not eat; you must be hungry:-I have ordered that a lunch of bread and cheese shall be served to all."

served - servizio, servire, essere in forza, operare, lavorare per

The teachers looked at her with a sort of surprise.

surprise - sorpresa, stupire, sorprendere, meravigliare

"It is to be done on my responsibility," she added, in an explanatory tone to them, and immediately afterwards left the room.

explanatory - esplicativo

The bread and cheese was presently brought in and distributed, to the high delight and refreshment of the whole school. The order was now given "To the garden!" Each put on a coarse straw bonnet, with strings of coloured calico, and a cloak of grey frieze. I was similarly equipped, and, following the stream, I made my way into the open air.

distributed - distribuire, suddividere, ripartire

refreshment - rinfrescarsi

straw - festuca, pagliuzza, paglia

calico - calico

cloak - tabarro, ammantare

frieze - fregio

similarly - similarmente, similmente

equipped - equipaggiare

stream - corrente, ruscello, rivo, flusso, semestre

open air - all'aria aperta

The garden was a wide inclosure, surrounded with walls so high as to exclude every glimpse of prospect; a covered verandah ran down one side, and broad walks bordered a middle space divided into scores of little beds: these beds were assigned as gardens for the pupils to cultivate, and each bed had an owner.

inclosure - chiusura

Glimpse - occhiata, scorcio, intravedere

verandah - veranda

ran down - leggere, scaricare, esaurire

bordered - confine, frontiera, orlo

divided - dividere, spartire, spartirsi

scores - punteggio, risultato, ventina, 20 libbre, spartito, dovuto

assigned - assegnare, accantonare, categorizzare, attribuire

cultivate - coltivare

When full of flowers they would doubtless look pretty; but now, at the latter end of January, all was wintry blight and brown decay. I shuddered as I stood and looked round me: it was an inclement day for outdoor exercise; not positively rainy, but darkened by a drizzling yellow fog; all under foot was still soaking wet with the floods of yesterday.

wintry - invernale

blight - rovina, rovinare

decay - imputridire

shuddered - brivido, sussulto, tremolio, tremare

inclement - inclemente

outdoor - all'aperto

positively - positivamente

rainy - piovoso, pluviale

drizzling - piovigginare, pioggerella, pioviggine

Fog - nebbia

soaking - zuppo, fradicio, bagnato fradicio, (soak), inzupparsi

floods - inondazione, alluvione

The stronger among the girls ran about and engaged in active games, but sundry pale and thin ones herded together for shelter and warmth in the verandah; and amongst these, as the dense mist penetrated to their shivering frames, I heard frequently the sound of a hollow cough.

sundry - vari

herded - mandria, branco

warmth - calore

penetrated - penetrare

frames - incorniciare, incastrare, impalcatura, incastellatura, armatura

cough - tossire, tosse, colpo di tosse

as yet I had spoken to no one, nor did anybody seem to take notice of me; I stood lonely enough: but to that feeling of isolation I was accustomed; it did not oppress me much.

as yet - ancora

isolation - isolamento

oppress - opprimere

I leant against a pillar of the verandah, drew my grey mantle close about me, and, trying to forget the cold which nipped me without, and the unsatisfied hunger which gnawed me within, delivered myself up to the employment of watching and thinking.

leant - pendere

mantle - mantello, reticella

unsatisfied - insoddisfatto

gnawed - rodere, rosicchiare, mordicchiare, rosicare

delivered - consegnare

employment - impiego, assunzione, occupazione

My reflections were too undefined and fragmentary to merit record: I hardly yet knew where I was; Gateshead and my past life seemed floated away to an immeasurable distance; the present was vague and strange, and of the future I could form no conjecture.

undefined - indefinito

fragmentary - frammentario

merit - merito, merto, meritare

record - documento, verbale

past life - vita passata

floated - galleggiare, appianatoia, frattazzo, pialletto, carro allegorico

immeasurable - enorme, immenso, incommensurabile

I looked round the convent-like garden, and then up at the house-a large building, half of which seemed grey and old, the other half quite new. The new part, containing the schoolroom and dormitory, was lit by mullioned and latticed windows, which gave it a church-like aspect; a stone tablet over the door bore this inscription:-

convent - convento

dormitory - camerata, dormitorio

mullioned - montante, colonnina

latticed - grata, graticcio, cannicciata, traliccio

tablet - compressa, pasticca, pastiglia

bore - forare, perforare

inscription - inscrizione, motto

"Lowood Institution.-This portion was rebuilt A.D. ---, by Naomi Brocklehurst, of Brocklehurst Hall, in this county." "Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven."-St. Matt. v. 16.

Institution - istituzione

rebuilt - ricostruire

county - contea, contado

shine - brillare, far luce con

glorify - glorificare

I read these words over and over again: I felt that an explanation belonged to them, and was unable fully to penetrate their import. I was still pondering the signification of "Institution," and endeavouring to make out a connection between the first words and the verse of Scripture, when the sound of a cough close behind me made me turn my head.

belonged - appartenere a

unable - incapace

import - importare

pondering - ponderare

signification - significato

connection - connessione, coincidenza

I saw a girl sitting on a stone bench near; she was bent over a book, on the perusal of which she seemed intent: from where I stood I could see the title-it was "Rasselas;" a name that struck me as strange, and consequently attractive. In turning a leaf she happened to look up, and I said to her directly-

bent - piegato, (bend), curvare, piegare, piegarsi, curvarsi

perusal - lettura attenta

intent - intento

leaf - foglia, foglio, prolunga

"Is your book interesting?" I had already formed the intention of asking her to lend it to me some day.

some day - un giorno

"I like it," she answered, after a pause of a second or two, during which she examined me.

"What is it about?" I continued. I hardly know where I found the hardihood thus to open a conversation with a stranger; the step was contrary to my nature and habits: but I think her occupation touched a chord of sympathy somewhere; for I too liked reading, though of a frivolous and childish kind; I could not digest or comprehend the serious or substantial.

hardihood - la robustezza

touched - toccare, commuovere, tocco, tatto

chord - accordo, corda

sympathy - compassione, empatia

frivolous - frivolo

childish - infantile, bambinesco, puerile

digest - digerire

comprehend - comprendere, capire

substantial - sostanziale, consistente, sostanzioso, forte, considerevole

"You may look at it," replied the girl, offering me the book.

I did so; a brief examination convinced me that the contents were less taking than the title: "Rasselas" looked dull to my trifling taste; I saw nothing about fairies, nothing about genii; no bright variety seemed spread over the closely-printed pages.

examination - esame, visita

Convinced - convincere

trifling - insignificante, (trifle), zuppa inglese, un tantino, un po'

fairies - fata, foletto, foletta, folletto

genii - genio

variety - varieta

printed - stampare, scrivere in stampatello, impronta, stampa

I returned it to her; she received it quietly, and without saying anything she was about to relapse into her former studious mood: again I ventured to disturb her-

relapse - ricadere, recidivare, ricaduta, recidiva

former - precedente, passato

studious - studioso

"Can you tell me what the writing on that stone over the door means? What is Lowood Institution?"

"This house where you are come to live."

"And why do they call it Institution? Is it in any way different from other schools?"

"It is partly a charity-school: you and I, and all the rest of us, are charity-children. I suppose you are an orphan: are not either your father or your mother dead?"

charity - carita, amore, altruismo, ente di beneficenza

"Both died before I can remember."

"Well, all the girls here have lost either one or both parents, and this is called an institution for educating orphans."

educating - istruire, educare

Orphans - orfano, orfana

"Do we pay no money? Do they keep us for nothing?"

"We pay, or our friends pay, fifteen pounds a year for each."

"Then why do they call us charity-children?"

"Because fifteen pounds is not enough for board and teaching, and the deficiency is supplied by subscription."

deficiency - deficienza

subscription - abbonamento

"Who subscribes?"

subscribes - abbonarsi

"Different benevolent-minded ladies and gentlemen in this neighbourhood and in London."

benevolent - benevolo

neighbourhood - quartiere

"Who was Naomi Brocklehurst?"

"The lady who built the new part of this house as that tablet records, and whose son overlooks and directs everything here."

records - documento, verbale

overlooks - dare su

directs - diretto


"Because he is treasurer and manager of the establishment."

treasurer - tesoriere

"Then this house does not belong to that tall lady who wears a watch, and who said we were to have some bread and cheese?"

"To Miss Temple? Oh, no! I wish it did: she has to answer to Mr. Brocklehurst for all she does. Mr. Brocklehurst buys all our food and all our clothes."

"Does he live here?"

"No-two miles off, at a large hall."

"Is he a good man?"

"He is a clergyman, and is said to do a great deal of good."

"Did you say that tall lady was called Miss Temple?"


"And what are the other teachers called?"

"The one with red cheeks is called Miss Smith; she attends to the work, and cuts out-for we make our own clothes, our frocks, and pelisses, and everything; the little one with black hair is Miss Scatcherd; she teaches history and grammar, and hears the second class repetitions; and the one who wears a shawl, and has a pocket-handkerchief tied to her side with a yellow ribband, is Madame Pierrot: she comes from Lisle, in France, and teaches French."

Smith - Ferraro, Ferrari, Ferrero, Ferreri

attends - assistere a, seguire

second class - seconda classe

handkerchief - fazzoletto

side with - stare dalla parte di qualcuno

ribband - nastro

Madame - Senora

Pierrot - Pedrolino

France - Francia

"Do you like the teachers?"

"Well enough."

"Do you like the little black one, and the Madame ---?-I cannot pronounce her name as you do."

pronounce - dichiarare, emettere, pronunziare, pronunciare

"Miss Scatcherd is hasty-you must take care not to offend her; Madame Pierrot is not a bad sort of person."

"But Miss Temple is the best-isn't she?"

"Miss Temple is very good and very clever; she is above the rest, because she knows far more than they do."

"Have you been long here?"

"Two years."

"Are you an orphan?"

"My mother is dead."

"Are you happy here?"

"You ask rather too many questions. I have given you answers enough for the present: now I want to read."

But at that moment the summons sounded for dinner; all re-entered the house. The odour which now filled the refectory was scarcely more appetising than that which had regaled our nostrils at breakfast: the dinner was served in two huge tin-plated vessels, whence rose a strong steam redolent of rancid fat.

summons - convocazione

appetising - appetito

regaled - dilettare

huge - enorme, gigante

tin - stagno, lattina, barattolo, gamella

plated - piatto

vessels - vascello, imbarcazione, bastimento, nave

whence - onde, donde, da dove

steam - vapore

redolent - profumato

rancid - rancido

I found the mess to consist of indifferent potatoes and strange shreds of rusty meat, mixed and cooked together. Of this preparation a tolerably abundant plateful was apportioned to each pupil. I ate what I could, and wondered within myself whether every day's fare would be like this.

consist - consistere di

rusty - arrugginito

mixed - mescolare, mischiare

tolerably - in modo tollerabile

abundant - abbondante

plateful - piatto

apportioned - ripartire, distribuire

wondered - meraviglia, domandarsi, chiedersi

fare - biglietto

After dinner, we immediately adjourned to the schoolroom: lessons recommenced, and were continued till five o'clock.

adjourned - aggiornare

recommenced - ricominciare

The only marked event of the afternoon was, that I saw the girl with whom I had conversed in the verandah dismissed in disgrace by Miss Scatcherd from a history class, and sent to stand in the middle of the large schoolroom. The punishment seemed to me in a high degree ignominious, especially for so great a girl-she looked thirteen or upwards.

conversed - conversare

disgrace - vergogna, infamia, ignominia, disonorare

degree - laurea, grado

ignominious - ignominioso

upwards - verso l'alto

I expected she would show signs of great distress and shame; but to my surprise she neither wept nor blushed: composed, though grave, she stood, the central mark of all eyes. "How can she bear it so quietly-so firmly?" I asked of myself. "Were I in her place, it seems to me I should wish the earth to open and swallow me up.

signs - segno

my surprise - la mia sorpresa

wept - piangere

blushed - rossore

composed - comporre

central - centrale, fondamentale

she bear - lei sopporta, mamma orso

firmly - fermamente, decisamente, sicuramente, saldamente

Seems - sembrare, parere, apparire

She looks as if she were thinking of something beyond her punishment-beyond her situation: of something not round her nor before her. I have heard of day-dreams-is she in a day-dream now? Her eyes are fixed on the floor, but I am sure they do not see it-her sight seems turned in, gone down into her heart: she is looking at what she can remember, I believe; not at what is really present.

dreams - sogno, sognare

turned in - consegnato

I wonder what sort of a girl she is-whether good or naughty."

Soon after five p.m. we had another meal, consisting of a small mug of coffee, and half-a-slice of brown bread. I devoured my bread and drank my coffee with relish; but I should have been glad of as much more-I was still hungry. Half-an-hour's recreation succeeded, then study; then the glass of water and the piece of oat-cake, prayers, and bed. Such was my first day at Lowood.

consisting - consistere di

slice - fetta, trancio, affettare, svirgolare

brown bread - pane integrale

relish - gusto, condimento

been glad - essere felice

recreation - svago, passatempo

oat - avena


The next day commenced as before, getting up and dressing by rushlight; but this morning we were obliged to dispense with the ceremony of washing; the water in the pitchers was frozen.

as before - come prima

getting up - alzarsi

dispense with - rinunciare

ceremony - cerimonia

pitchers - lanciatore

frozen - gelare

A change had taken place in the weather the preceding evening, and a keen north-east wind, whistling through the crevices of our bedroom windows all night long, had made us shiver in our beds, and turned the contents of the ewers to ice.

preceding - precedere

keen - appassionato, desideroso

whistling - fischiare, (whistle), fischietto, fischio, checkfischio

crevices - fessura, fenditura, crepa

shiver - rabbrividire, tremare

ewers - brocca, caraffa, lancella

Before the long hour and a half of prayers and Bible-reading was over, I felt ready to perish with cold. Breakfast-time came at last, and this morning the porridge was not burnt; the quality was eatable, the quantity small. How small my portion seemed! I wished it had been doubled.

perish - perire

quality - qualita

eatable - mangiabile

quantity - grandezza, quantita, numero

doubled - doppio, doppia, sosia, doppione, doppiare

In the course of the day I was enrolled a member of the fourth class, and regular tasks and occupations were assigned me: hitherto, I had only been a spectator of the proceedings at Lowood; I was now to become an actor therein.

enrolled - iscriversi, reclutare

occupations - occupazione

spectator - spettatore

Therein - In questo caso

At first, being little accustomed to learn by heart, the lessons appeared to me both long and difficult; the frequent change from task to task, too, bewildered me; and I was glad when, about three o'clock in the afternoon, Miss Smith put into my hands a border of muslin two yards long, together with needle, thimble, &c.

learn by heart - imparare a memoria

border - confine, frontiera, orlo

needle - ago, lancetta, puntina, punzonare, punzecchiare

, and sent me to sit in a quiet corner of the schoolroom, with directions to hem the same.

corner - angolo, sporgenza, angolo sporgente, pietra d'angolo

hem - orlo

At that hour most of the others were sewing likewise; but one class still stood round Miss Scatcherd's chair reading, and as all was quiet, the subject of their lessons could be heard, together with the manner in which each girl acquitted herself, and the animadversions or commendations of Miss Scatcherd on the performance.

acquitted - assolvere

animadversions - animavversione

commendations - elogio, encomio

performance - esecuzione, prestazione, rendimento, esibizione

It was English history: among the readers I observed my acquaintance of the verandah: at the commencement of the lesson, her place had been at the top of the class, but for some error of pronunciation, or some inattention to stops, she was suddenly sent to the very bottom.

acquaintance - conoscenza

commencement - inizio

error - errore, sbaglio, vizio, mostrare un errore, mostrare errori

pronunciation - pronuncia, pronunzia

inattention - inattenzione, scortesia

Even in that obscure position, Miss Scatcherd continued to make her an object of constant notice: she was continually addressing to her such phrases as the following:-

constant - costante, continuo

"Burns" (such it seems was her name: the girls here were all called by their surnames, as boys are elsewhere), "Burns, you are standing on the side of your shoe; turn your toes out immediately." "Burns, you poke your chin most unpleasantly; draw it in." "Burns, I insist on your holding your head up; I will not have you before me in that attitude," &c. &c.

burns - bruciare

surnames - cognome

elsewhere - altrove

poke - cacciare, dare un colpetto

unpleasantly - sgradevolmente

insist - insistere

holding - possesso

attitude - atteggiamento, postura, comportamento, approccio

A chapter having been read through twice, the books were closed and the girls examined. The lesson had comprised part of the reign of Charles I.

read through - leggere qualcosa dall'inizio alla fine

comprised - consistere, comprendere, includere

reign - regno, regnare

Charles - Carlo

, and there were sundry questions about tonnage and poundage and ship-money, which most of them appeared unable to answer; still, every little difficulty was solved instantly when it reached Burns: her memory seemed to have retained the substance of the whole lesson, and she was ready with answers on every point.

tonnage - tonnellaggio

poundage - peso

ship - nave

solved - risolvere

memory - memoria, ricordo

retained - conservare, mantenere

substance - sostanza

I kept expecting that Miss Scatcherd would praise her attention; but, instead of that, she suddenly cried out-

expecting - in attesa, (expect), aspettarsi, pensare

Praise - elogio, lode, complimento, adorazione, gloria

"You dirty, disagreeable girl! you have never cleaned your nails this morning!"

nails - unghia

Burns made no answer: I wondered at her silence. "Why," thought I, "does she not explain that she could neither clean her nails nor wash her face, as the water was frozen?"

My attention was now called off by Miss Smith desiring me to hold a skein of thread: while she was winding it, she talked to me from time to time, asking whether I had ever been at school before, whether I could mark, stitch, knit, &c.; till she dismissed me, I could not pursue my observations on Miss Scatcherd's movements.

called off - annullato

desiring - desiderare, volere, desiderio, voglia

skein - matassa, stormo

thread - filo, refe, filo conduttore, forum

winding - avvolgimento

stitch - punto, maglia

knit - lavorare a maglia, sferruzzare, legare, saldarsi, compattare

pursue - perseguire, perseguitare, tormentare, inseguire, cercare

observations - osservazione

When I returned to my seat, that lady was just delivering an order of which I did not catch the import; but Burns immediately left the class, and going into the small inner room where the books were kept, returned in half a minute, carrying in her hand a bundle of twigs tied together at one end.

delivering - consegnare

catch - presa, conquista, fermaglio, fermaglio di sicurezza, trappola

bundle - insieme, fascina, fascio, pacchetto, fagotto

This ominous tool she presented to Miss Scatcherd with a respectful curtesy; then she quietly, and without being told, unloosed her pinafore, and the teacher instantly and sharply inflicted on her neck a dozen strokes with the bunch of twigs.

ominous - predittivo, malaugurante, infausto, nefasto

tool - arnese, strumento, utensile, mezzo, attrezzo

respectful - rispettoso

curtesy - cortesia

unloosed - sciogliere

dozen - dozzina, centinaio

strokes - colpo

bunch - ciuffo, graspo, mucchio, grappolo, comitiva, ammucchiare

Not a tear rose to Burns'eye; and, while I paused from my sewing, because my fingers quivered at this spectacle with a sentiment of unavailing and impotent anger, not a feature of her pensive face altered its ordinary expression.

tear - lacrima

unavailing - inefficace, infruttuoso, futile

feature - caratteristica, prestazione, peculiarita, proprieta

pensive - pensieroso, contemplativo, estraniato, pensoso

altered - modificare, cambiare

ordinary - pezza, ordinario, ordinaria

expression - espressione

"Hardened girl!" exclaimed Miss Scatcherd; "nothing can correct you of your slatternly habits: carry the rod away."

hardened - indurire

slatternly - svergognato

rod - palo, pertica, stecca, bastone, canna

Burns obeyed: I looked at her narrowly as she emerged from the book-closet; she was just putting back her handkerchief into her pocket, and the trace of a tear glistened on her thin cheek.

narrowly - da vicino, per un pelo, di misura

emerged - emergere, venire fuori, venire alla luce

putting back - tornare indietro

trace - traccia

glistened - luccicante

The play-hour in the evening I thought the pleasantest fraction of the day at Lowood: the bit of bread, the draught of coffee swallowed at five o'clock had revived vitality, if it had not satisfied hunger: the long restraint of the day was slackened; the schoolroom felt warmer than in the morning-its fires being allowed to burn a little more brightly, to supply, in some measure, the place of candles, not yet introduced: the ruddy gloaming, the licensed uproar, the confusion of many voices gave one a welcome sense of liberty.

pleasantest - piacevole, gradito, gradevole

fraction - frazione

swallowed - inghiottire, ingoiare

revived - rinascere, resuscitare, rivivere, rinnovare

vitality - vitalita

satisfied - soddisfare, accontentare, saziare

restraint - limitazione, ritegno, contegno, remora

slackened - allentare

supply - fornire

measure - misurazione, misura, righello, regolo, funzione di misura

gloaming - imbrunire

licensed - licenza, permesso

uproar - baraonda, clamore, fragore, baccano

confusion - confusione, disordine, disorientamento, sbandamento

On the evening of the day on which I had seen Miss Scatcherd flog her pupil, Burns, I wandered as usual among the forms and tables and laughing groups without a companion, yet not feeling lonely: when I passed the windows, I now and then lifted a blind, and looked out; it snowed fast, a drift was already forming against the lower panes; putting my ear close to the window, I could distinguish from the gleeful tumult within, the disconsolate moan of the wind outside.

flog - frustare, fustigare

companion - amico, compagno

drift - deriva, direzione, verso, tendenza, indirizzo

lower - oscurarsi

distinguish - distinguere, discernere, distinguersi

gleeful - allegro

disconsolate - sconsolato

moan - gemito, lamentarsi, gemere

Probably, if I had lately left a good home and kind parents, this would have been the hour when I should most keenly have regretted the separation; that wind would then have saddened my heart; this obscure chaos would have disturbed my peace!

lately - Ultimamente

keenly - con entusiasmo

chaos - caos

as it was, I derived from both a strange excitement, and reckless and feverish, I wished the wind to howl more wildly, the gloom to deepen to darkness, and the confusion to rise to clamour.

derived - derivare

reckless - avventato, spericolato

feverish - febbricoso

howl - ululato, uggiolio, latrato, guaito, ululare, gannire

deepen - approfondire, intensificare

jumping over forms, and creeping under tables, I made my way to one of the fire-places; there, kneeling by the high wire fender, I found Burns, absorbed, silent, abstracted from all round her by the companionship of a book, which she read by the dim glare of the embers.

jumping over - saltare

creeping - abbarbicarsi, insinuarsi, strisciare, scorrimento, spostamento

kneeling - in ginocchio, (kneel), inginocchiarsi

high wire - corda tesa

Fender - parafango, parabordo

absorbed - assorbire, incorporare, includere, assorbere, assorto

abstracted - estratto, sunto, compendio, riassunto, astrazione, astratto

companionship - compagnia

"Is it still 'Rasselas'?" I asked, coming behind her.

"Yes," she said, "and I have just finished it."

And in five minutes more she shut it up. I was glad of this. "Now," thought I, "I can perhaps get her to talk." I sat down by her on the floor.

"What is your name besides Burns?"


Helen - Elena

"Do you come a long way from here?"

"I come from a place farther north, quite on the borders of Scotland."

Scotland - Scozia

"Will you ever go back?"

"I hope so; but nobody can be sure of the future."

"You must wish to leave Lowood?"

"No! why should I? I was sent to Lowood to get an education; and it would be of no use going away until I have attained that object."

education - istruzione, educazione, formazione

going away - andare via

"But that teacher, Miss Scatcherd, is so cruel to you?"

"Cruel? Not at all! She is severe: she dislikes my faults."

dislikes - antipatia, avversione, non piacersi

"And if I were in your place I should dislike her; I should resist her. If she struck me with that rod, I should get it from her hand; I should break it under her nose."

resist - resistere

"Probably you would do nothing of the sort: but if you did, Mr. Brocklehurst would expel you from the school; that would be a great grief to your relations. It is far better to endure patiently a smart which nobody feels but yourself, than to commit a hasty action whose evil consequences will extend to all connected with you; and besides, the Bible bids us return good for evil."

expel - espellere

patiently - pazientemente

consequences - conseguenza

extend - ampliare

bids - offrire, fare un'offerta

"But then it seems disgraceful to be flogged, and to be sent to stand in the middle of a room full of people; and you are such a great girl: I am far younger than you, and I could not bear it."

disgraceful - vergognoso, disonorevole, deprecabile, obbrobrioso

flogged - frustare, fustigare

"Yet it would be your duty to bear it, if you could not avoid it: it is weak and silly to say you cannot bear what it is your fate to be required to bear."

fate - fato, sorte, destino

I heard her with wonder: I could not comprehend this doctrine of endurance; and still less could I understand or sympathise with the forbearance she expressed for her chastiser. Still I felt that Helen Burns considered things by a light invisible to my eyes. I suspected she might be right and I wrong; but I would not ponder the matter deeply; like Felix, I put it off to a more convenient season.

doctrine - dottrina

forbearance - pazienza, tolleranza, sopportazione

chastiser - castigatore

suspected - sospettare

ponder - ponderare

deeply - in profondita, estremamente, profondamente, intensamente

more convenient - piu conveniente

season - stagione

"You say you have faults, Helen: what are they? To me you seem very good."

"Then learn from me, not to judge by appearances: I am, as Miss Scatcherd said, slatternly; I seldom put, and never keep, things, in order; I am careless; I forget rules; I read when I should learn my lessons; I have no method; and sometimes I say, like you, I cannot bear to be subjected to systematic arrangements.

appearances - apparizione, comparsa, visione, apparenza, aspetto

method - metodo

systematic - sistematico

arrangements - arrangiamento, sistemazione, incontro, composizione

This is all very provoking to Miss Scatcherd, who is naturally neat, punctual, and particular."

naturally - naturalmente

neat - preciso, ordinato

punctual - puntuale

particular - specifico, proprio, particolare, speciale, minuzioso

"And cross and cruel," I added; but Helen Burns would not admit my addition: she kept silence.

Addition - addizione, aggiunta

"Is Miss Temple as severe to you as Miss Scatcherd?"

At the utterance of Miss Temple's name, a soft smile flitted over her grave face.

flitted - svolazzare

"Miss Temple is full of goodness; it pains her to be severe to any one, even the worst in the school: she sees my errors, and tells me of them gently; and, if I do anything worthy of praise, she gives me my meed liberally.

goodness - bonta

pains - dolore

liberally - liberalmente

One strong proof of my wretchedly defective nature is, that even her expostulations, so mild, so rational, have not influence to cure me of my faults; and even her praise, though I value it most highly, cannot stimulate me to continued care and foresight."

wretchedly - miseramente

defective - difettoso, difettivo

expostulations - espediente

rational - razionale

cure - curare, guarire

value - valore, valutare, stimare, apprezzare, valorizzare

highly - altamente

stimulate - stimolare

foresight - lungimiranza, preveggenza, avvedimento

"That is curious," said I, "it is so easy to be careful."

Curious - curioso

"For you I have no doubt it is. I observed you in your class this morning, and saw you were closely attentive: your thoughts never seemed to wander while Miss Miller explained the lesson and questioned you.

attentive - attento

wander - errare, vagare, girovagare, passeggiare

Now, mine continually rove away; when I should be listening to Miss Scatcherd, and collecting all she says with assiduity, often I lose the very sound of her voice; I fall into a sort of dream.

rove - vagare, vagabondare

collecting - collezionismo

assiduity - assiduita

Sometimes I think I am in Northumberland, and that the noises I hear round me are the bubbling of a little brook which runs through Deepden, near our house;-then, when it comes to my turn to reply, I have to be awakened; and having heard nothing of what was read for listening to the visionary brook, I have no answer ready."

noises - rumore, strepito

bubbling - bolla

brook - ruscello

awakened - svegliare, svegliarsi

"Yet how well you replied this afternoon."

"It was mere chance; the subject on which we had been reading had interested me. This afternoon, instead of dreaming of Deepden, I was wondering how a man who wished to do right could act so unjustly and unwisely as Charles the First sometimes did; and I thought What a pity it was that, with his integrity and conscientiousness, he could see no farther than the prerogatives of the crown.

dreaming - sognare, (dream), sogno

wondering - chiedersi, (wonder), meraviglia, domandarsi

unjustly - ingiustamente

unwisely - incautamente

What a pity - Che peccato

integrity - integrita

conscientiousness - coscienziosita

prerogatives - privilegio, prerogativa, appannaggio, diritto

If he had but been able to look to a distance, and see how what they call the spirit of the age was tending! Still, I like Charles-I respect him-I pity him, poor murdered king! Yes, his enemies were the worst: they shed blood they had no right to shed. How dared they kill him!"

respect - rispetto, riguardo, materia, rispettare

murdered - assassinio, omicidio, uccisione, assassinare, massacrare

king - re

enemies - nemico, nemica

shed blood - versare sangue

kill - uccidere

Helen was talking to herself now: she had forgotten I could not very well understand her-that I was ignorant, or nearly so, of the subject she discussed. I recalled her to my level.

ignorant - ignorante

recalled - ritirare, revocare, richiamare, rammentare, ricordare

"And when Miss Temple teaches you, do your thoughts wander then?"

"No, certainly, not often; because Miss Temple has generally something to say which is newer than my own reflections; her language is singularly agreeable to me, and the information she communicates is often just what I wished to gain."

singularly - singolarmente

communicates - comunicare, informare, trasmettere, essere collegato

gain - acquistare, conseguire

"Well, then, with Miss Temple you are good?"

"Yes, in a passive way: I make no effort; I follow as inclination guides me. There is no merit in such goodness."

passive - passivo

guides - guidare

"A great deal: you are good to those who are good to you. It is all I ever desire to be. If people were always kind and obedient to those who are cruel and unjust, the wicked people would have it all their own way: they would never feel afraid, and so they would never alter, but would grow worse and worse.

alter - modificare, cambiare

When we are struck at without a reason, we should strike back again very hard; I am sure we should-so hard as to teach the person who struck us never to do it again."

strike back - contrattaccare, colpire

"You will change your mind, I hope, when you grow older: as yet you are but a little untaught girl."

untaught - non insegnare

"But I feel this, Helen; I must dislike those who, whatever I do to please them, persist in disliking me; I must resist those who punish me unjustly. It is as natural as that I should love those who show me affection, or submit to punishment when I feel it is deserved."

persist - persistere

disliking - antipatia, avversione, non piacersi

resist - resistere

punish me - punire qualcuno

submit - presentare, sottoporre

deserved - meritare, meritarsi

"Heathens and savage tribes hold that doctrine, but Christians and civilised nations disown it."

Heathens - pagano, pagana

tribes - tribu

Christians - cristiano, cristiana

civilised - incivilire, civilizzare, ingentilire, checkcivilizzare

nations - nazione

disown - disconoscere

"How? I don't understand."

I don't understand - Non capisco

"It is not violence that best overcomes hate-nor vengeance that most certainly heals injury."

overcomes - superare, sconfiggere

heals - guarire

"What then?"

"Read the New Testament, and observe what Christ says, and how He acts; make His word your rule, and His conduct your example."

New Testament - Nuovo Testamento

observe - osservare

acts - atto, legge, numero, scena, messinscena, agire, recitare, fare

"What does He say?"

"Love your enemies; bless them that curse you; do good to them that hate you and despitefully use you."

bless - benedire

curse - maledire

do good - fare del bene

despitefully - malgrado

"Then I should love Mrs. Reed, which I cannot do; I should bless her son John, which is impossible."

In her turn, Helen Burns asked me to explain, and I proceeded forthwith to pour out, in my own way, the tale of my sufferings and resentments. Bitter and truculent when excited, I spoke as I felt, without reserve or softening.

forthwith - all'istante, immediatamente, su due piedi, tempestivamente

pour out - versare

sufferings - sofferenza

resentments - risentimento

truculent - truculento

reserve - riserva, riservare

softening - ammorbidimento, (soften), ammorbidire, addolcire

Helen heard me patiently to the end: I expected she would then make a remark, but she said nothing.

"Well," I asked impatiently, "is not Mrs. Reed a hard-hearted, bad woman?"

impatiently - con impazienza

"She has been unkind to you, no doubt; because you see, she dislikes your cast of character, as Miss Scatcherd does mine; but how minutely you remember all she has done and said to you! What a singularly deep impression her injustice seems to have made on your heart! No ill-usage so brands its record on my feelings.

unkind - crudele, scortese

minutely - minuziosamente

injustice - ingiustizia

usage - uso, checkutilizzo

brands - tizzone, marchio a fuoco, marca

Would you not be happier if you tried to forget her severity, together with the passionate emotions it excited? Life appears to me too short to be spent in nursing animosity or registering wrongs.

severity - severita, gravita, serieta

emotions - emozione

Appears - apparire

animosity - picca, ripicca, acrimonia

registering - registrare

We are, and must be, one and all, burdened with faults in this world: but the time will soon come when, I trust, we shall put them off in putting off our corruptible bodies; when debasement and sin will fall from us with this cumbrous frame of flesh, and only the spark of the spirit will remain,-the impalpable principle of light and thought, pure as when it left the Creator to inspire the creature: whence it came it will return; perhaps again to be communicated to some being higher than man-perhaps to pass through gradations of glory, from the pale human soul to brighten to the seraph! Surely it will never, on the contrary, be suffered to degenerate from man to fiend? No; I cannot believe that: I hold another creed: which no one ever taught me, and which I seldom mention; but in which I delight, and to which I cling: for it extends hope to all: it makes Eternity a rest-a mighty home, not a terror and an abyss. Besides, with this creed, I can so clearly distinguish between the criminal and his crime; I can so sincerely forgive the first while I abhor the last: with this creed revenge never worries my heart, degradation never too deeply disgusts me, injustice never crushes me too low: I live in calm, looking to the end."

burdened - fardello, carico

putting off - rimandare

corruptible - corruttibile, corrompibile

debasement - svilimento

sin - peccato

cumbrous - umido

impalpable - impalpabile

pure - puro

creator - creatore, inventore, ideatore

inspire - ispirare

creature - creatura

communicated - comunicare, informare, trasmettere, essere collegato

gradations - gradazione

glory - gloria

the pale - pallido, limite, confine

human soul - anima umana

brighten - illuminare

seraph - serafino

degenerate - snaturato, scellerato, degenerato, degenerare

cling - aggrapparsi, aderire

extends - ampliare

eternity - eternita

abyss - abisso

criminal - criminale, delittuoso

revenge - vendetta, rivincita, rivalsa, ritorsione, vendicarsi

worries - preoccuparsi, disturbare, preoccupare, preoccupazione

disgusts - disgustare, ripugnare, nauseare, stomacare

crushes - ressa, calca, cotta, schiacciare, pigiare, frantumare

Helen's head, always drooping, sank a little lower as she finished this sentence. I saw by her look she wished no longer to talk to me, but rather to converse with her own thoughts. She was not allowed much time for meditation: a monitor, a great rough girl, presently came up, exclaiming in a strong Cumberland accent-

drooping - pendere

converse - conversare

meditation - meditazione

exclaiming - esclamare

accent - accento

"Helen Burns, if you don't go and put your drawer in order, and fold up your work this minute, I'll tell Miss Scatcherd to come and look at it!"

fold up - ripiegare

this minute - questo minuto

Helen sighed as her reverie fled, and getting up, obeyed the monitor without reply as without delay.

reverie - fantasticheria

fled - fuggire

delay - ritardare


My first quarter at Lowood seemed an age; and not the golden age either; it comprised an irksome struggle with difficulties in habituating myself to new rules and unwonted tasks. The fear of failure in these points harassed me worse than the physical hardships of my lot; though these were no trifles.

Struggle - lotta, lottare

difficulties - difficolta

habituating - assuefazione

failure - fallimento, insuccesso, avaria, fiasco, disfunzione

hardships - avversita, difficolta

trifles - zuppa inglese, un tantino, un po', bagattella, briciola

During January, February, and part of March, the deep snows, and, after their melting, the almost impassable roads, prevented our stirring beyond the garden walls, except to go to church; but within these limits we had to pass an hour every day in the open air.

impassable - impraticabile

prevented - impedire, prevenire

stirring - mescolando

limits - limite

Our clothing was insufficient to protect us from the severe cold: we had no boots, the snow got into our shoes and melted there: our ungloved hands became numbed and covered with chilblains, as were our feet: I remember well the distracting irritation I endured from this cause every evening, when my feet inflamed; and the torture of thrusting the swelled, raw, and stiff toes into my shoes in the morning. Then the scanty supply of food was distressing: with the keen appetites of growing children, we had scarcely sufficient to keep alive a delicate invalid. From this deficiency of nourishment resulted an abuse, which pressed hardly on the younger pupils: whenever the famished great girls had an opportunity, they would coax or menace the little ones out of their portion. many a time I have shared between two claimants the precious morsel of brown bread distributed at tea-time; and after relinquishing to a third half the contents of my mug of coffee, I have swallowed the remainder with an accompaniment of secret tears, forced from me by the exigency of hunger.

clothing - abbigliamento, vestiti, (cloth), stoffa, tessuto, tela, panno

insufficient - insufficiente

protect - proteggere

melted - sciogliere, fondere

chilblains - gelone

distracting - distrarre

every evening - ogni sera

inflamed - incendiare

torture - torturare

swelled - gonfiare, gonfiarsi, aumentare

distressing - angoscia, pena, miseria, sconforto, pericolo

appetites - appetito

keep alive - mantenere in vita

invalid - non valido*

famished - fame

coax - persuadere

menace - minaccia

many a - molti a

claimants - pretendente, richiedente, rivendicatore, istante, richieditore

relinquishing - abbandonare, rinunciare, rilasciare, lasciare andare, liberare

accompaniment - accompagnamento

exigency - necessita

Sundays were dreary days in that wintry season. We had to walk two miles to Brocklebridge Church, where our patron officiated. We set out cold, we arrived at church colder: during the morning service we became almost paralysed.

patron - patrono, mecenate, cliente, proprietario

officiated - ufficiare, celebrare

morning service - servizio mattutino

paralysed - paralizzare

It was too far to return to dinner, and an allowance of cold meat and bread, in the same penurious proportion observed in our ordinary meals, was served round between the services.

allowance - permesso, concessione, delibera, razione, attenuante, sgravio

cold meat - carne fredda

penurious - penoso

proportion - proporzione

services - servizio, di servizio

At the close of the afternoon service we returned by an exposed and hilly road, where the bitter winter wind, blowing over a range of snowy summits to the north, almost flayed the skin from our faces.

service - servizio, di servizio

exposed - esporre, evidenziare, rivelare, mettere in luce

hilly - collinoso

range - catena, fornello, stufa a legna, piano cottura, varieta, gamma

summits - sommita, apice

flayed - scuoiatura

I can remember Miss Temple walking lightly and rapidly along our drooping line, her plaid cloak, which the frosty wind fluttered, gathered close about her, and encouraging us, by precept and example, to keep up our spirits, and march forward, as she said, "like stalwart soldiers." The other teachers, poor things, were generally themselves too much dejected to attempt the task of cheering others.

lightly - alla leggera, superficialmente, in maniera superficiale

plaid - A cuadros

frosty - gelido, ghiacciato, gelato, coperto di ghiaccio

fluttered - garrire, sventolare, svolazzare, ondeggiare, sbattere le ali

encouraging - incoraggiare, raccomandare, esortare, favorire

precept - precetto

stalwart - robusto, convinto, fedele, fedelissimo, sostenitore fedele

soldiers - soldato

dejected - rifiutare

cheering - urra, acclamazione

How we longed for the light and heat of a blazing fire when we got back! But, to the little ones at least, this was denied: each hearth in the schoolroom was immediately surrounded by a double row of great girls, and behind them the younger children crouched in groups, wrapping their starved arms in their pinafores.

longed for - desiderare qualcosa, volere qualcosa

heat - calore

blazing - incendio

Row - fila

crouched - accucciarsi

in groups - in gruppi

starved - morire di fame

A little solace came at tea-time, in the shape of a double ration of bread-a whole, instead of a half, slice-with the delicious addition of a thin scrape of butter: it was the hebdomadal treat to which we all looked forward from Sabbath to Sabbath. I generally contrived to reserve a moiety of this bounteous repast for myself; but the remainder I was invariably obliged to part with.

solace - consolazione, conforto

ration - annonario, razione

scrape - grattare, graffiare, checkraschiare, sbucciarsi, graffio

hebdomadal - ordine del giorno

Sabbath - sabba

moiety - share or portion

bounteous - generoso

invariably - invariabilmente

The Sunday evening was spent in repeating, by heart, the Church Catechism, and the fifth, sixth, and seventh chapters of St. Matthew; and in listening to a long sermon, read by Miss Miller, whose irrepressible yawns attested her weariness.

by heart - a memoria

catechism - catechismo

sixth - sesto ('before the noun'), ('in names of monarchs and popes') sesto g, sesta g ('after the name') ('abbreviation' VI), sesto

seventh - settimo ('before the noun'), ('in names of monarchs and popes') settimo g, settima g ('after the name') ('abbreviation' VII), settimo

Matthew - Matteo, Mattia

sermon - sermone, predica

irrepressible - insopprimibile

yawns - sbadigliare, sbadiglio

attested - attestare

A frequent interlude of these performances was the enactment of the part of Eutychus by some half-dozen of little girls, who, overpowered with sleep, would fall down, if not out of the third loft, yet off the fourth form, and be taken up half dead. The remedy was, to thrust them forward into the centre of the schoolroom, and oblige them to stand there till the sermon was finished.

interlude - interludio

performances - esecuzione, prestazione, rendimento, esibizione

enactment - promulgazione

fall down - cadere

loft - attico, soffitta, solaio, catapultare

taken up - occupato

oblige - obbligare, forzare, costringere, fare un favore, indebitarsi

stand there - stare li

Sometimes their feet failed them, and they sank together in a heap; they were then propped up with the monitors'high stools.

heap - folla, massa, moltitudine, pila, cumulo

propped - sostegno

stools - sgabello

I have not yet alluded to the visits of Mr. Brocklehurst; and indeed that gentleman was from home during the greater part of the first month after my arrival; perhaps prolonging his stay with his friend the archdeacon: his absence was a relief to me. I need not say that I had my own reasons for dreading his coming: but come he did at last.

arrival - arrivo

prolonging - prolungare

absence - assenza, mancanza, difetto, invito aperto, ferro libero

One afternoon (I had then been three weeks at Lowood), as I was sitting with a slate in my hand, puzzling over a sum in long division, my eyes, raised in abstraction to the window, caught sight of a figure just passing: I recognised almost instinctively that gaunt outline; and when, two minutes after, all the school, teachers included, rose en masse, it was not necessary for me to look up in order to ascertain whose entrance they thus greeted. A long stride measured the schoolroom, and presently beside Miss Temple, who herself had risen, stood the same black column which had frowned on me so ominously from the hearthrug of Gateshead. I now glanced sideways at this piece of architecture. Yes, I was right: it was Mr. Brocklehurst, buttoned up in a surtout, and looking longer, narrower, and more rigid than ever.

slate - ardesia, di ardesia

sum - somma

Division - divisione, parte, filo, divario, frattura, differenziazione

abstraction - astrazione

outline - contorno, sagoma, descrizione, sunto, bozza, contornare

masse - massa

ascertain - accertare, appurare, stabilire, constatare

greeted - salutare

stride - (camminare a grandi passi)

column - colonna, rubrica, cronaca

frowned - accigliarsi, aggrottare le ciglia/sopracciglia

ominously - minacciosamente

Hearthrug - Copriletto

sideways - laterale

architecture - architettura

buttoned up - abbottonato

narrower - stretto

rigid - rigido

I had my own reasons for being dismayed at this apparition; too well I remembered the perfidious hints given by Mrs. Reed about my disposition, &c.; the promise pledged by Mr. Brocklehurst to apprise Miss Temple and the teachers of my vicious nature.

apparition - apparizione

perfidious - perfido

pledged - promettere, impegnarsi, promessa solenne, pegno

apprise - apprendere

vicious - violento, aggressivo

All along I had been dreading the fulfilment of this promise,-I had been looking out daily for the "Coming Man," whose information respecting my past life and conversation was to brand me as a bad child for ever: now there he was.

fulfilment - realizzazione

He stood at Miss Temple's side; he was speaking low in her ear: I did not doubt he was making disclosures of my villainy; and I watched her eye with painful anxiety, expecting every moment to see its dark orb turn on me a glance of repugnance and contempt.

disclosures - rivelazione, divulgazione, esternazione, diffusione

villainy - malvagita

anxiety - ansia, ansieta, bramosia

orb - orbita

repugnance - ripugnanza

I listened too; and as I happened to be seated quite at the top of the room, I caught most of what he said: its import relieved me from immediate apprehension.

immediate - immediato, prossimo, stretto, diretto

apprehension - apprensione

"I suppose, Miss Temple, the thread I bought at Lowton will do; it struck me that it would be just of the quality for the calico chemises, and I sorted the needles to match.

sorted - sorta, tipo

needles - ago, lancetta, puntina, punzonare, punzecchiare

You may tell Miss Smith that I forgot to make a memorandum of the darning needles, but she shall have some papers sent in next week; and she is not, on any account, to give out more than one at a time to each pupil: if they have more, they are apt to be careless and lose them. And, O ma'am! I wish the woollen stockings were better looked to!

memorandum - nota

darning needles - aghi da rammendo

sent in - inviato

give out - rifiutarsi di obbedire, esaurirsi, spendere

apt - soggetto a, capace

-when I was here last, I went into the kitchen-garden and examined the clothes drying on the line; there was a quantity of black hose in a very bad state of repair: from the size of the holes in them I was sure they had not been well mended from time to time."

kitchen-garden - (kitchen-garden) orto

drying - asciugatura, (dry), secco, asciutto, asciugarsi, trinsecchire

hose - manichetta

repair - riparare

holes - buco

mended - riparare, rammendare

He paused.

"Your directions shall be attended to, sir," said Miss Temple.

attended - assistere a, seguire

"And, ma'am," he continued, "the laundress tells me some of the girls have two clean tuckers in the week: it is too much; the rules limit them to one."

laundress - lavandaia

limit - limite

"I think I can explain that circumstance, sir. Agnes and Catherine Johnstone were invited to take tea with some friends at Lowton last Thursday, and I gave them leave to put on clean tuckers for the occasion."

Catherine - Caterina

Mr. Brocklehurst nodded.

"Well, for once it may pass; but please not to let the circumstance occur too often. And there is another thing which surprised me; I find, in settling accounts with the housekeeper, that a lunch, consisting of bread and cheese, has twice been served out to the girls during the past fortnight. How is this? I looked over the regulations, and I find no such meal as lunch mentioned.

surprised - sorpresa, stupire, sorprendere, meravigliare

settling - assestarsi

fortnight - (periodo di) due settimana

regulations - regola, regolamento, regolazione

mentioned - cenno, accenno, menzione, menzionare

Who introduced this innovation? and by what authority?"

innovation - innovazione

"I must be responsible for the circumstance, sir," replied Miss Temple: "the breakfast was so ill prepared that the pupils could not possibly eat it; and I dared not allow them to remain fasting till dinner-time."

responsible - responsabile, di responsabile, di responsabilita, colpevole

"Madam, allow me an instant. You are aware that my plan in bringing up these girls is, not to accustom them to habits of luxury and indulgence, but to render them hardy, patient, self-denying.

instant - immediato

bringing up - sollevare

accustom - assuefarsi, abituarsi, adattarsi, familiarizzare

luxury - lusso

indulgence - vizio, indulgenza

render - rendere

patient - paziente

denying - negare

Should any little accidental disappointment of the appetite occur, such as the spoiling of a meal, the under or the over dressing of a dish, the incident ought not to be neutralised by replacing with something more delicate the comfort lost, thus pampering the body and obviating the aim of this institution; it ought to be improved to the spiritual edification of the pupils, by encouraging them to evince fortitude under temporary privation. A brief address on those occasions would not be mistimed, wherein a judicious instructor would take the opportunity of referring to the sufferings of the primitive Christians; to the torments of martyrs; to the exhortations of our blessed Lord Himself, calling upon His disciples to take up their cross and follow Him; to His warnings that man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God; to His divine consolations, "If ye suffer hunger or thirst for my sake, happy are ye." Oh, madam, when you put bread and cheese, instead of burnt porridge, into these children's mouths, you may indeed feed their vile bodies, but you little think how you starve their immortal souls!"

accidental - accidentale

disappointment - delusione, disappunto

spoiling - rovinare, viziare, andare a male, bottino

neutralised - neutralizzare

replacing - sostituire, rimpiazzare, riporre

more delicate - piu delicato

pampering - coccolare

obviating - ovviare, evitare, prevenire

aim - puntare

spiritual - spirituale, spiritual

edification - edificazione

evince - evincere, dimostrare, manifestare

fortitude - coraggio

temporary - temporaneo

privation - privazione

occasions - occasione, occasionare

mistimed - mistificare

wherein - dove

instructor - istruttore, insegnante

referring - fare riferimento

primitive - primitivo

torments - cruccio, tormento, tarlo, tormentare, martoriare

martyrs - martire

exhortations - esortazione

blessed - beato, benedetto, checkbenedetto

Lord - castellano, signore, nobile, nobiluomo, nobildonna, dominare

disciples - discepolo

proceedeth - procede

consolations - consolazione

ye - voi

thirst - sete, avidita, avere sete

for my sake - per il mio bene

vile - abietto, basso, ignobile

starve - morire di fame

immortal - immortale, indimenticabile

souls - anima, spirito

Mr. Brocklehurst again paused-perhaps overcome by his feelings.

overcome - superare, sconfiggere

Miss Temple had looked down when he first began to speak to her; but she now gazed straight before her, and her face, naturally pale as marble, appeared to be assuming also the coldness and fixity of that material; especially her mouth, closed as if it would have required a sculptor's chisel to open it, and her brow settled gradually into petrified severity.

assuming - assumendo

coldness - freddezza, freddo

fixity - fissita

material - materiale

sculptor - scultore, scultrice

chisel - cesello

brow - ciglio, orlo, cima, passerella da sbarco

gradually - gradualmente

Meantime, Mr. Brocklehurst, standing on the hearth with his hands behind his back, majestically surveyed the whole school. Suddenly his eye gave a blink, as if it had met something that either dazzled or shocked its pupil; turning, he said in more rapid accents than he had hitherto used-

majestically - maestosamente

blink - sbattere le ciglia, ammiccare, lampeggiare, segnalare

dazzled - abbagliare, abbacinare, impressionare

shocked - shock, choc

accents - accento

"Miss Temple, Miss Temple, what-what is that girl with curled hair? Red hair, ma'am, curled-curled all over?" And extending his cane he pointed to the awful object, his hand shaking as he did so.

curled - riccio, ricciolo, boccolo, arricciamento, rotazione, spirale

extending - ampliare

cane - canna, canna di bambu, canna da zucchero, giunco, bastone

"It is Julia Severn," replied Miss Temple, very quietly.

"Julia Severn, ma'am! And why has she, or any other, curled hair? Why, in defiance of every precept and principle of this house, does she conform to the world so openly-here in an evangelical, charitable establishment-as to wear her hair one mass of curls?"

defiance - sfida

conform - essere conforme

openly - apertamente, in modo aperto

evangelical - evangelico

charitable - caritatevole, solidale, generoso, benefico

mass - massa

"Julia's hair curls naturally," returned Miss Temple, still more quietly.

"Naturally! Yes, but we are not to conform to nature; I wish these girls to be the children of Grace: and why that abundance? I have again and again intimated that I desire the hair to be arranged closely, modestly, plainly.

abundance - abbondanza, cuccagna

modestly - modestamente

Miss Temple, that girl's hair must be cut off entirely; I will send a barber to-morrow: and I see others who have far too much of the excrescence-that tall girl, tell her to turn round. Tell all the first form to rise up and direct their faces to the wall."

entirely - completamente

barber - barbiere, parrucchiere

excrescence - escrescenza

turn round - girare

rise up - ribellarsi

Miss Temple passed her handkerchief over her lips, as if to smooth away the involuntary smile that curled them; she gave the order, however, and when the first class could take in what was required of them, they obeyed. Leaning a little back on my bench, I could see the looks and grimaces with which they commented on this manoeuvre: it was a pity Mr.

involuntary - involontario

grimaces - smorfia

commented - commento

manoeuvre - manovra

Brocklehurst could not see them too; he would perhaps have felt that, whatever he might do with the outside of the cup and platter, the inside was further beyond his interference than he imagined.

platter - piatto (ovale)

interference - intromissione

He scrutinised the reverse of these living medals some five minutes, then pronounced sentence. These words fell like the knell of doom-

the reverse - inverso, opposto

medals - medaglia

knell - rintocco

doom - sentenza, giudizio, decisione, penalita

"All those top-knots must be cut off."

Miss Temple seemed to remonstrate.

remonstrate - rimostrare

"Madam," he pursued, "I have a Master to serve whose kingdom is not of this world: my mission is to mortify in these girls the lusts of the flesh; to teach them to clothe themselves with shame-facedness and sobriety, not with braided hair and costly apparel; and each of the young persons before us has a string of hair twisted in plaits which vanity itself might have woven; these, I repeat, must be cut off; think of the time wasted, of-"

Kingdom - regno, reame

mission - missione

mortify - mortificare

lusts - libido, libidine, lussuria

clothe - vestire

facedness - faccia a faccia

sobriety - sobrieta

braided - intrecciare

costly - costoso, caro, dispendioso

apparel - abbigliamento

string - spago, stringa, laccetto, legaccio, corda

plaits - piega, pieghettatura, plissettatura

vanity - vanita

woven - tessuto, intessuto

wasted - sprecare

Mr. Brocklehurst was here interrupted: three other visitors, ladies, now entered the room. They ought to have come a little sooner to have heard his lecture on dress, for they were splendidly attired in velvet, silk, and furs.

interrupted - interrompere, celare, ricoprire, tagliare

lecture on - lezione su

splendidly - splendidamente

attired in - vestire

furs - pelo, pelliccia

The two younger of the trio (fine girls of sixteen and seventeen) had grey beaver hats, then in fashion, shaded with ostrich plumes, and from under the brim of this graceful head-dress fell a profusion of light tresses, elaborately curled; the elder lady was enveloped in a costly velvet shawl, trimmed with ermine, and she wore a false front of French curls.

trio - trio

beaver - castoro

shaded - ombra, persiana, tonalita, gradazione, nuance, varieta

ostrich - struzzo

plumes - piuma

brim - orlo

graceful - elegante, aggraziato, leggiadro, bello

profusion - profusione

enveloped - busta

trimmed - tagliare, accorciare, decorare, bordare, orientare

ermine - ermellino, armellino

These ladies were deferentially received by Miss Temple, as Mrs. and the Misses Brocklehurst, and conducted to seats of honour at the top of the room. It seems they had come in the carriage with their reverend relative, and had been conducting a rummaging scrutiny of the room upstairs, while he transacted business with the housekeeper, questioned the laundress, and lectured the superintendent.

deferentially - in modo deferente

conducted - conduzione, comportamento, condotta, condurre, comportarsi

Reverend - reverendo, reverenda

relative - relativo, parente, congiunto, congiunta, familiare

conducting - conduzione, comportamento, condotta, condurre, comportarsi

rummaging - frugare, rovistare, rivoltare, scuriosare, buttare all'aria

transacted - trattare

lectured - conferenza, lezione, insegnare, sgridare, richiamare

They now proceeded to address divers remarks and reproofs to Miss Smith, who was charged with the care of the linen and the inspection of the dormitories: but I had no time to listen to what they said; other matters called off and enchanted my attention.

remarks - osservazione, commento

reproofs - rimprovero

linen - lino

inspection - ispezione, controllo, esame, analisi

dormitories - camerata, dormitorio

matters - materia, problema, argomento, questione, faccenda, causa

enchanted - incantare

Hitherto, while gathering up the discourse of Mr. Brocklehurst and Miss Temple, I had not, at the same time, neglected precautions to secure my personal safety; which I thought would be effected, if I could only elude observation.

neglected - mancare, negligere, omettere, ignorare, tralasciare, negligenza

precautions - precauzione

safety - sicurezza

elude - eludere

To this end, I had sat well back on the form, and while seeming to be busy with my sum, had held my slate in such a manner as to conceal my face: I might have escaped notice, had not my treacherous slate somehow happened to slip from my hand, and falling with an obtrusive crash, directly drawn every eye upon me; I knew it was all over now, and, as I stooped to pick up the two fragments of slate, I rallied my forces for the worst. It came.

seeming - sembrare, (seem), parere, apparire

be busy - essere occupato

conceal - nascondere, celare

treacherous - traditore, sleale, infido

slip - scivolare

obtrusive - importuno

crash - frastuono

pick - piccone, stuzzicadenti, scelta, barriera, prendere, raccogliere, scegliere

forces - forza

"A careless girl!" said Mr. Brocklehurst, and immediately after-"It is the new pupil, I perceive." And before I could draw breath, "I must not forget I have a word to say respecting her." Then aloud: how loud it seemed to me! "Let the child who broke her slate come forward!"

perceive - percepire

come forward - offrire aiuto, offrirsi volontario

Of my own accord I could not have stirred; I was paralysed: but the two great girls who sit on each side of me, set me on my legs and pushed me towards the dread judge, and then Miss Temple gently assisted me to his very feet, and I caught her whispered counsel-

accord - accordo

pushed - spingere

assisted - assistere, aiutare, assistenza, aiuto, assist

"Don't be afraid, Jane, I saw it was an accident; you shall not be punished."

accident - incidente, accidente

The kind whisper went to my heart like a dagger.

whisper - sussurro, sussurrare

dagger - pugnale

"Another minute, and she will despise me for a hypocrite," thought I; and an impulse of fury against Reed, Brocklehurst, and Co. bounded in my pulses at the conviction. I was no Helen Burns.

despise - disprezzare

hypocrite - ipocrita, collotorto

bounded - vincolato

pulses - o

"Fetch that stool," said Mr. Brocklehurst, pointing to a very high one from which a monitor had just risen: it was brought.

"Place the child upon it."

And I was placed there, by whom I don't know: I was in no condition to note particulars; I was only aware that they had hoisted me up to the height of Mr. Brocklehurst's nose, that he was within a yard of me, and that a spread of shot orange and purple silk pelisses and a cloud of silvery plumage extended and waved below me.

particulars - specifico, proprio, particolare, speciale, minuzioso

height - altezza, apice, culmine, vetta, cima

Yard - iarda

shot - colpo

silvery - argenteo, argentato, argentino

extended - ampliare

waved - onda

Mr. Brocklehurst hemmed.

hemmed - orlo

"Ladies," said he, turning to his family, "Miss Temple, teachers, and children, you all see this girl?"

Of course they did; for I felt their eyes directed like burning-glasses against my scorched skin.

directed - diretto

scorched - bruciacchiatura, strinatura, bruciatura, scottatura

"You see she is yet young; you observe she possesses the ordinary form of childhood; God has graciously given her the shape that He has given to all of us; no signal deformity points her out as a marked character. Who would think that the Evil One had already found a servant and agent in her? Yet such, I grieve to say, is the case."

possesses - possedere, avere

childhood - infanzia

graciously - gentilmente

deformity - deformita

agent - agente

grieve - affliggersi, rattristarsi

case - caso

A pause-in which I began to steady the palsy of my nerves, and to feel that the Rubicon was passed; and that the trial, no longer to be shirked, must be firmly sustained.

steady - fermo, saldo, fidato, sicuro, costante

palsy - paralisi

Rubicon - Rubicone

trial - processo

shirked - evitare

sustained - sostenere

"My dear children," pursued the black marble clergyman, with pathos, "this is a sad, a melancholy occasion; for it becomes my duty to warn you, that this girl, who might be one of God's own lambs, is a little castaway: not a member of the true flock, but evidently an interloper and an alien.

pathos - the quality or property of anything which touches the feelings or excites emotions

warn - avvertire, avvisare

lambs - agnello, q ewborn

castaway - naufrago

flock - gregge, stormo

You must be on your guard against her; you must shun her example; if necessary, avoid her company, exclude her from your sports, and shut her out from your converse.

shun - evitare, detestare, schivare, eludere, stigmatizzare

Teachers, you must watch her: keep your eyes on her movements, weigh well her words, scrutinise her actions, punish her body to save her soul: if, indeed, such salvation be possible, for (my tongue falters while I tell it) this girl, this child, the native of a Christian land, worse than many a little heathen who says its prayers to Brahma and kneels before Juggernaut-this girl is-a liar!"

weigh - pesare

save - salvare, soccorrere, redimere, immagazzinare, risparmiare

Salvation - salvezza

falters - inciampare

native of - nativo di

heathen - pagano, pagana

Brahma - Hindu god of creation

kneels - inginocchiarsi

Juggernaut - macchina da guerra

Now came a pause of ten minutes, during which I, by this time in perfect possession of my wits, observed all the female Brocklehursts produce their pocket-handkerchiefs and apply them to their optics, while the elderly lady swayed herself to and fro, and the two younger ones whispered, "How shocking!" Mr. Brocklehurst resumed.

possession - possesso

female - femminile, femmina

produce - produrre, realizzare, fornire, prodotto, prodotti

handkerchiefs - fazzoletto

apply - applicare

optics - ottica

swayed - ondeggiamento, fluttuazione, dondolio, oscillazione

"This I learned from her benefactress; from the pious and charitable lady who adopted her in her orphan state, reared her as her own daughter, and whose kindness, whose generosity the unhappy girl repaid by an ingratitude so bad, so dreadful, that at last her excellent patroness was obliged to separate her from her own young ones, fearful lest her vicious example should contaminate their purity: she has sent her here to be healed, even as the Jews of old sent their diseased to the troubled pool of Bethesda; and, teachers, superintendent, I beg of you not to allow the waters to stagnate round her."

pious - pio

generosity - generosita, bonta, abnegazione, magnanimita, abbondanza

ingratitude - ingratitudine

patroness - patronessa

separate - separato, separata, separare, dividere

contaminate - contaminare

purity - purezza

healed - guarire

Jews - giudeo, giudea, ebreo, ebrea

diseased - malattia, malanno, disturbo, morbo

stagnate - ristagnare, fermare

With this sublime conclusion, Mr. Brocklehurst adjusted the top button of his surtout, muttered something to his family, who rose, bowed to Miss Temple, and then all the great people sailed in state from the room. Turning at the door, my judge said-

adjusted - adattare, adeguare, regolare

button - bottone

muttered - mormorare

bowed - inchinarsi, chinare il capo

Sailed - vela

"Let her stand half-an-hour longer on that stool, and let no one speak to her during the remainder of the day."

There was I, then, mounted aloft; I, who had said I could not bear the shame of standing on my natural feet in the middle of the room, was now exposed to general view on a pedestal of infamy. What my sensations were no language can describe; but just as they all rose, stifling my breath and constricting my throat, a girl came up and passed me: in passing, she lifted her eyes.

aloft - sopra, all`apice

exposed - esposizioni

general view - visione generale

pedestal - piedistallo

infamy - infamia

stifling - soffocante

constricting - comprimere

What a strange light inspired them! What an extraordinary sensation that ray sent through me! How the new feeling bore me up! It was as if a martyr, a hero, had passed a slave or victim, and imparted strength in the transit. I mastered the rising hysteria, lifted up my head, and took a firm stand on the stool.

extraordinary - straordinario, straordinaria, eccezionale, fantastico

martyr - martire

hero - eroe, eroina, protagonista

victim - vittima

imparted - impartire

Transit - transizione, traversata, attraversamento, spostamento, movimento

mastered - padrone

rising - in aumento

hysteria - isteria

Helen Burns asked some slight question about her work of Miss Smith, was chidden for the triviality of the inquiry, returned to her place, and smiled at me as she again went by. What a smile!

Slight - insignificante, leggero, debole, lieve, disprezzare, sminuire

chidden - ordine del giorno

triviality - banalita

inquiry - inchiesta, indagine

I remember it now, and I know that it was the effluence of fine intellect, of true courage; it lit up her marked lineaments, her thin face, her sunken grey eye, like a reflection from the aspect of an angel.

effluence - effluvio

sunken - affondato, (sink), affondare

Yet at that moment Helen Burns wore on her arm "the untidy badge;" scarcely an hour ago I had heard her condemned by Miss Scatcherd to a dinner of bread and water on the morrow because she had blotted an exercise in copying it out. Such is the imperfect nature of man!

wore on - indossava

untidy - disordinato

badge - distintivo, insegna, targhetta, cartellino, emblema

blotted - macchia, macchiare, assorbire

copying - copia, replica, copiare, imitare, ricevere

such spots are there on the disc of the clearest planet; and eyes like Miss Scatcherd's can only see those minute defects, and are blind to the full brightness of the orb.

spots - macchia, brufolo, foruncolo, zona, area, pubblicita, individuare

disc - disco

clearest - trasparente, limpido, pulito, chiaro, nitido

planet - pianeta

defects - difetto, defezionare, disertare

brightness - luminosita


Ere the half-hour ended, five o'clock struck; school was dismissed, and all were gone into the refectory to tea. I now ventured to descend: it was deep dusk; I retired into a corner and sat down on the floor. The spell by which I had been so far supported began to dissolve; reaction took place, and soon, so overwhelming was the grief that seized me, I sank prostrate with my face to the ground.

gone into - occuparsi di qualcosa

dissolve - dissolvere, dissolversi, dissolvenza

overwhelming - sommergere, schiacciare, dominare, travolgere, sopraffare

seized - prendere, afferrare, approfittare, sfruttare

prostrate - prostrato

Now I wept: Helen Burns was not here; nothing sustained me; left to myself I abandoned myself, and my tears watered the boards. I had meant to be so good, and to do so much at Lowood: to make so many friends, to earn respect and win affection.

boards - asse

earn - guadagnare

Already I had made visible progress: that very morning I had reached the head of my class; Miss Miller had praised me warmly; Miss Temple had smiled approbation; she had promised to teach me drawing, and to let me learn French, if I continued to make similar improvement two months longer: and then I was well received by my fellow-pupils; treated as an equal by those of my own age, and not molested by any; now, here I lay again crushed and trodden on; and could I ever rise more?

progress - progresso

Praised - elogio, lode, complimento, adorazione, gloria

warmly - con calore

approbation - approvazione

promised - promessa, giuramento, voto, promettere, giurare

improvement - miglioramento, salto di qualita

Equal - uguale, pari, eguagliare

molested - infastidire, molestare

crushed - ressa, calca, cotta, schiacciare, pigiare, frantumare

"Never," I thought; and ardently I wished to die. While sobbing out this wish in broken accents, some one approached: I started up-again Helen Burns was near me; the fading fires just showed her coming up the long, vacant room; she brought my coffee and bread.

ardently - ardentemente

sobbing - singhiozzare

approached - avvicinarsi

fading - svanire, (fad), moda, andazzo, tendenza

"Come, eat something," she said; but I put both away from me, feeling as if a drop or a crumb would have choked me in my present condition. Helen regarded me, probably with surprise: I could not now abate my agitation, though I tried hard; I continued to weep aloud.

crumb - briciola, mollica, impasto, impanare

choked - soffocare

regarded - considerare

abate - diminuire

weep - piangere

She sat down on the ground near me, embraced her knees with her arms, and rested her head upon them; in that attitude she remained silent as an Indian. I was the first who spoke-

remained - stare, restare, rimanere

Indian - indiano

"Helen, why do you stay with a girl whom everybody believes to be a liar?"

"Everybody, Jane? Why, there are only eighty people who have heard you called so, and the world contains hundreds of millions."

contains - contenere

"But what have I to do with millions? The eighty, I know, despise me."

"Jane, you are mistaken: probably not one in the school either despises or dislikes you: many, I am sure, pity you much."

despises - disprezzare

"How can they pity me after what Mr. Brocklehurst has said?"

after what - dopo cosa

"Mr. Brocklehurst is not a god: nor is he even a great and admired man: he is little liked here; he never took steps to make himself liked. Had he treated you as an especial favourite, you would have found enemies, declared or covert, all around you; as it is, the greater number would offer you sympathy if they dared.

covert - sotto copertura

Teachers and pupils may look coldly on you for a day or two, but friendly feelings are concealed in their hearts; and if you persevere in doing well, these feelings will ere long appear so much the more evidently for their temporary suppression. Besides, Jane"-she paused.

coldly - freddamente

concealed - nascondere, celare

hearts - cuore

persevere - perseverare

appear - apparire

suppression - soppressione

"Well, Helen?" said I, putting my hand into hers: she chafed my fingers gently to warm them, and went on-

chafed - surriscaldamento, abrasione, escoriazione, irritazione, collera

"If all the world hated you, and believed you wicked, while your own conscience approved you, and absolved you from guilt, you would not be without friends."

conscience - coscienza

absolved - assolvere

guilt - colpa, colpevolezza

"No; I know I should think well of myself; but that is not enough: if others don't love me I would rather die than live-I cannot bear to be solitary and hated, Helen.

look here; to gain some real affection from you, or Miss Temple, or any other whom I truly love, I would willingly submit to have the bone of my arm broken, or to let a bull toss me, or to stand behind a kicking horse, and let it dash its hoof at my chest-"

look here - guardare qui

submit - sottomettersi, sottomettere, sottoporre, presentare, inviare

bone - osso, lisca, spina

Bull - maschio (dei grandi mammiferi), toro

toss - tiro, lancio, testa o croce, lancio moneta

kicking - calciare, prendere a calci

Dash - lineetta, linea, scatto, spruzzo, pizzico, goccio, saltare

hoof - zoccolo, zampa

chest - petto

"Hush, Jane! you think too much of the love of human beings; you are too impulsive, too vehement; the sovereign hand that created your frame, and put life into it, has provided you with other resources than your feeble self, or than creatures feeble as you.

Hush - zitto!, silenzio!

impulsive - impulsivo

sovereign - sovrano, eccezionale, supremo

provided - soddisfare, prevedere, supporre, provvedere, fornire, erogare

resources - risorsa

feeble - debole, fiacco, flebile, fievole

creatures - creatura

Besides this earth, and besides the race of men, there is an invisible world and a kingdom of spirits: that world is round us, for it is everywhere; and those spirits watch us, for they are commissioned to guard us; and if we were dying in pain and shame, if scorn smote us on all sides, and hatred crushed us, angels see our tortures, recognise our innocence (if innocent we be: as I know you are of this charge which Mr. Brocklehurst has weakly and pompously repeated at second-hand from Mrs. Reed; for I read a sincere nature in your ardent eyes and on your clear front), and God waits only the separation of spirit from flesh to crown us with a full reward. Why, then, should we ever sink overwhelmed with distress, when life is so soon over, and death is so certain an entrance to happiness-to glory?"

everywhere - ovunque, dappertutto

commissioned - missione, incarico, mandato, commissione, incaricare

smote - colpire, fulminare, annientare, annichilire, impressionare

all sides - tutti i lati

hatred - odio, risentimento

tortures - torturare

recognise - riconoscere

innocence - innocenza

innocent - innocente

weakly - debolmente

pompously - pomposamente

second-hand - (second-hand) di seconda mano

sincere - sincero, fervido, zelante, assiduo

ardent - fervente

Reward - ricompensa

sink - affondare

overwhelmed - sommergere, schiacciare, dominare, travolgere, sopraffare

Happiness - felicita, gioia, allegria

I was silent; Helen had calmed me; but in the tranquillity she imparted there was an alloy of inexpressible sadness. I felt the impression of woe as she spoke, but I could not tell whence it came; and when, having done speaking, she breathed a little fast and coughed a short cough, I momentarily forgot my own sorrows to yield to a vague concern for her.

calmed - calmo

tranquillity - tranquillita

alloy - lega

woe - dolore, disgrazia, guaio

breathed - respiro, lena, alito, fiato

coughed - tossire, tosse, colpo di tosse

momentarily - momentaneamente

sorrows - tristezza, dolore, pena, afflizione

yield - cedere

concern - interesse, preoccupazione, impresa, interessare

Resting my head on Helen's shoulder, I put my arms round her waist; she drew me to her, and we reposed in silence. We had not sat long thus, when another person came in. Some heavy clouds, swept from the sky by a rising wind, had left the moon bare; and her light, streaming in through a window near, shone full both on us and on the approaching figure, which we at once recognised as Miss Temple.

resting - riposare

waist - vita, cintura, cintola

reposed - repository

bare - nudo

streaming - treaming, (stream), corrente, ruscello, rivo, flusso

"I came on purpose to find you, Jane Eyre," said she; "I want you in my room; and as Helen Burns is with you, she may come too."

We went; following the superintendent's guidance, we had to thread some intricate passages, and mount a staircase before we reached her apartment; it contained a good fire, and looked cheerful. Miss Temple told Helen Burns to be seated in a low arm-chair on one side of the hearth, and herself taking another, she called me to her side.

guidance - guida, direzione, orientamento, consiglio, suggerimento

intricate - intricato

mount - montare, salire

"Is it all over?" she asked, looking down at my face. "Have you cried your grief away?"

"I am afraid I never shall do that."


"Because I have been wrongly accused; and you, ma'am, and everybody else, will now think me wicked."

wrongly - a torto, ingiustamente, erroneamente

"We shall think you what you prove yourself to be, my child. Continue to act as a good girl, and you will satisfy us."

Prove - provare, dimostrare

continue - continuare

satisfy - soddisfare, accontentare, saziare

"Shall I, Miss Temple?"

"You will," said she, passing her arm round me. "And now tell me who is the lady whom Mr. Brocklehurst called your benefactress?"

"Mrs. Reed, my uncle's wife. My uncle is dead, and he left me to her care."

"Did she not, then, adopt you of her own accord?"

"No, ma'am; she was sorry to have to do it: but my uncle, as I have often heard the servants say, got her to promise before he died that she would always keep me."

"Well now, Jane, you know, or at least I will tell you, that when a criminal is accused, he is always allowed to speak in his own defence. You have been charged with falsehood; defend yourself to me as well as you can. Say whatever your memory suggests is true; but add nothing and exaggerate nothing."

defence - difesa

defend - difendere, proteggere

suggests - proporre, suggerire

exaggerate - esagerare

I resolved, in the depth of my heart, that I would be most moderate-most correct; and, having reflected a few minutes in order to arrange coherently what I had to say, I told her all the story of my sad childhood.

moderate - moderato, modesto, moderare

arrange - organizzare

coherently - coerentemente

Exhausted by emotion, my language was more subdued than it generally was when it developed that sad theme; and mindful of Helen's warnings against the indulgence of resentment, I infused into the narrative far less of gall and wormwood than ordinary. Thus restrained and simplified, it sounded more credible: I felt as I went on that Miss Temple fully believed me.

exhausted - esaurire

emotion - emozione

developed - svilupparsi

theme - tema

mindful - attento a, consapevole di

infused - infondere

gall - bile, fiele

wormwood - assenzio

restrained - contenere, frenare

simplified - semplificare

credible - credibile

In the course of the tale I had mentioned Mr. Lloyd as having come to see me after the fit: for I never forgot the, to me, frightful episode of the red-room: in detailing which, my excitement was sure, in some degree, to break bounds; for nothing could soften in my recollection the spasm of agony which clutched my heart when Mrs.

episode - episodio

in some degree - in qualche misura

bounds - vincolato

soften - ammorbidire, addolcire, rendere arrendevole, rendere malleabile

recollection - ricordo

spasm - spasmo

clutched - afferrare

Reed spurned my wild supplication for pardon, and locked me a second time in the dark and haunted chamber.

spurned - calcio

supplication - supplica

I had finished: Miss Temple regarded me a few minutes in silence; she then said-

"I know something of Mr. Lloyd; I shall write to him; if his reply agrees with your statement, you shall be publicly cleared from every imputation; to me, Jane, you are clear now."

publicly - pubblicamente

cleared - trasparente, limpido, pulito, chiaro, nitido

imputation - imputazione

She kissed me, and still keeping me at her side (where I was well contented to stand, for I derived a child's pleasure from the contemplation of her face, her dress, her one or two ornaments, her white forehead, her clustered and shining curls, and beaming dark eyes), she proceeded to address Helen Burns.

contemplation - contemplazione

ornaments - ornamento, ornamenti

shining - stinco

beaming - raggiante, (beam), trave, asse, architrave, traversa, braccio

"How are you to-night, Helen? Have you coughed much to-day?"

"Not quite so much, I think, ma'am."

quite so - proprio cosi

"And the pain in your chest?"

"It is a little better."

Miss Temple got up, took her hand and examined her pulse; then she returned to her own seat: as she resumed it, I heard her sigh low. She was pensive a few minutes, then rousing herself, she said cheerfully-

pulse - polso

rousing - svegliare

cheerfully - allegramente

"But you two are my visitors to-night; I must treat you as such." She rang her bell.

"Barbara," she said to the servant who answered it, "I have not yet had tea; bring the tray and place cups for these two young ladies."

And a tray was soon brought. How pretty, to my eyes, did the china cups and bright teapot look, placed on the little round table near the fire! How fragrant was the steam of the beverage, and the scent of the toast! of which, however, I, to my dismay (for I was beginning to be hungry) discerned only a very small portion: Miss Temple discerned it too.

teapot - teiera

fragrant - profumato

Steam - vapore

beverage - bevanda

scent - odore (1, 2), checkprofumo (3), fiutare

toast - tostare, abbrustolire

"Barbara," said she, "can you not bring a little more bread and butter? There is not enough for three."

Barbara went out: she returned soon-

"Madam, Mrs. Harden says she has sent up the usual quantity."

harden - indurire

Mrs. Harden, be it observed, was the housekeeper: a woman after Mr. Brocklehurst's own heart, made up of equal parts of whalebone and iron.

whalebone - fanone

iron - ferreo, ferroso, ferrico, inflessibile, stirare

"Oh, very well!" returned Miss Temple; "we must make it do, Barbara, I suppose." And as the girl withdrew she added, smiling, "Fortunately, I have it in my power to supply deficiencies for this once."

withdrew - ritirare, ritirarsi

fortunately - fortunatamente, per fortuna

deficiencies - deficienza

this once - questa volta

Having invited Helen and me to approach the table, and placed before each of us a cup of tea with one delicious but thin morsel of toast, she got up, unlocked a drawer, and taking from it a parcel wrapped in paper, disclosed presently to our eyes a good-sized seed-cake.

unlocked - aprire, sbloccare, desbloquear

taking from - prendere da

parcel - pacchetto, plico, lotto, parcella, impacchettare

disclosed - scoprire, divulgare, rivelare, svelare, scoperchiare, far noto

sized - dimensioni

"I meant to give each of you some of this to take with you," said she, "but as there is so little toast, you must have it now," and she proceeded to cut slices with a generous hand.

slices - fetta, trancio, affettare, svirgolare

We feasted that evening as on nectar and ambrosia; and not the least delight of the entertainment was the smile of gratification with which our hostess regarded us, as we satisfied our famished appetites on the delicate fare she liberally supplied.

feasted - banchetto

nectar - nettare

ambrosia - ambrosia

entertainment - divertimento, intrattenimento

gratification - gratificazione

hostess - female host, female innkeeper, stewardess

Tea over and the tray removed, she again summoned us to the fire; we sat one on each side of her, and now a conversation followed between her and Helen, which it was indeed a privilege to be admitted to hear.

Miss Temple had always something of serenity in her air, of state in her mien, of refined propriety in her language, which precluded deviation into the ardent, the excited, the eager: something which chastened the pleasure of those who looked on her and listened to her, by a controlling sense of awe; and such was my feeling now: but as to Helen Burns, I was struck with wonder.

serenity - serenita

propriety - correttezza

precluded - precludere

deviation - scarto, deviazione

chastened - castigare

controlling - controllare

The refreshing meal, the brilliant fire, the presence and kindness of her beloved instructress, or, perhaps, more than all these, something in her own unique mind, had roused her powers within her.

refreshing - rinfrescare

beloved - amato, carissimo, squisito

instructress - istruttrice

They woke, they kindled: first, they glowed in the bright tint of her cheek, which till this hour I had never seen but pale and bloodless; then they shone in the liquid lustre of her eyes, which had suddenly acquired a beauty more singular than that of Miss Temple's-a beauty neither of fine colour nor long eyelash, nor pencilled brow, but of meaning, of movement, of radiance.

kindled - accendere, accendersi, infiammare, infiammarsi

glowed - brillare, alone, luminescenza, luccichio, calore

tint - tinta, sfumatura

bloodless - esanime

liquid - liquido, liquida

lustre - lucentezza

acquired - acquisire

eyelash - ciglio

movement - movimento

radiance - radianza

Then her soul sat on her lips, and language flowed, from what source I cannot tell. Has a girl of fourteen a heart large enough, vigorous enough, to hold the swelling spring of pure, full, fervid eloquence?

flowed - fluire

source - fonte, sorgente, informatore, source

vigorous - vigoroso

swelling - gonfiore, gnocco

fervid - fervido

eloquence - eloquenza

Such was the characteristic of Helen's discourse on that, to me, memorable evening; her spirit seemed hastening to live within a very brief span as much as many live during a protracted existence.

characteristic - caratteristico, caratteristica

memorable - memorabile

hastening to - affrettarsi

span - luce, campata

They conversed of things I had never heard of; of nations and times past; of countries far away; of secrets of nature discovered or guessed at: they spoke of books: how many they had read! What stores of knowledge they possessed!

secrets - segreto

stores of knowledge - bagagli di conoscenze

possessed - possedere, avere

Then they seemed so familiar with French names and French authors: but my amazement reached its climax when Miss Temple asked Helen if she sometimes snatched a moment to recall the Latin her father had taught her, and taking a book from a shelf, bade her read and construe a page of Virgil; and Helen obeyed, my organ of veneration expanding at every sounding line.

familiar - familiare, spirito famigliare, famiglio

authors - autore, autrice, creare

amazement - stupore

snatched - agguantare, scippare, strappare

Latin - Latino

shelf - scaffale, mensola, ripiano, palchetto, asse

construe - interpretare

Virgil - Virgilio

expanding - estendere, espandere, dettagliare, dilungare, sviluppare

She had scarcely finished ere the bell announced bedtime! no delay could be admitted; Miss Temple embraced us both, saying, as she drew us to her heart-

bedtime - a letto

"God Bless you, my children!"

Bless you - Salute!

Helen she held a little longer than me: she let her go more reluctantly; it was Helen her eye followed to the door; it was for her she a second time breathed a sad sigh; for her she wiped a tear from her cheek.

On reaching the bedroom, we heard the voice of Miss Scatcherd: she was examining drawers; she had just pulled out Helen Burns's, and when we entered Helen was greeted with a sharp reprimand, and told that to-morrow she should have half-a-dozen of untidily folded articles pinned to her shoulder.

reaching - arrivare a, raggiungere

pulled - tirare

reprimand - reprimenda, ammonimento, appunto, lavacapo

untidily - disordinatamente

pinned - spillo, spilla, molletta

"My things were indeed in shameful disorder," murmured Helen to me, in a low voice: "I intended to have arranged them, but I forgot."

disorder - disordine, disturbo

Next morning, Miss Scatcherd wrote in conspicuous characters on a piece of pasteboard the word "Slattern," and bound it like a phylactery round Helen's large, mild, intelligent, and benign-looking forehead. She wore it till evening, patient, unresentful, regarding it as a deserved punishment.

conspicuous - evidente, lampante, notevole, vistoso

characters - personaggio, carattere, caratteristica

pasteboard - cartoncino

Slattern - sciattona

phylactery - filatterio, amuleto

intelligent - intelligente

benign - benigno

unresentful - senza risentimento

regarding - considerare

The moment Miss Scatcherd withdrew after afternoon school, I ran to Helen, tore it off, and thrust it into the fire: the fury of which she was incapable had been burning in my soul all day, and tears, hot and large, had continually been scalding my cheek; for the spectacle of her sad resignation gave me an intolerable pain at the heart.

scalding - scottatura

resignation - dimissioni, uscita, fuoriuscita, rassegnazione

intolerable - intollerabile, insopportabile

About a week subsequently to the incidents above narrated, Miss Temple, who had written to Mr. Lloyd, received his answer: it appeared that what he said went to corroborate my account.

Incidents - imprevisto, inconveniente, incidente

corroborate - confermare

Miss Temple, having assembled the whole school, announced that inquiry had been made into the charges alleged against Jane Eyre, and that she was most happy to be able to pronounce her completely cleared from every imputation. The teachers then shook hands with me and kissed me, and a murmur of pleasure ran through the ranks of my companions.

charges - costo, prezzo, carico, accusa, imputazione, carica, incarico

alleged - dichiarare, asserire

completely - completamente, interamente, del tutto, totalmente

murmur - mormorio, brusio, sussurro, mormorare

ranks - grado, rango

Companions - amico, compagno

Thus relieved of a grievous load, I from that hour set to work afresh, resolved to pioneer my way through every difficulty: I toiled hard, and my success was proportionate to my efforts; my memory, not naturally tenacious, improved with practice; exercise sharpened my wits; in a few weeks I was promoted to a higher class; in less than two months I was allowed to commence French and drawing.

grievous - grave

load - carico

afresh - di nuovo, daccapo

Pioneer - pioniere, pioniera, aprire la strada

toiled - lavoro, fatica, disputa, tenzone, litigio

proportionate - proporzionato

tenacious - tenace

sharpened - arrotare, affilare, molare, affinare

promoted - promuovere, sostenere, pubblicizzare, diffondere

I learned the first two tenses of the verb Etre, and sketched my first cottage (whose walls, by-the-bye, outrivalled in slope those of the leaning tower of Pisa), on the same day.

tenses - tempo

verb - verbo

sketched - abbozzare, schizzare, delineare, sunteggiare, sintetizzare

outrivalled - superare

slope - pendio, pendenza, inclinazione, muso giallo, digradare, loor

Pisa - Pisa

That night, on going to bed, I forgot to prepare in imagination the Barmecide supper of hot roast potatoes, or white bread and new milk, with which I was wont to amuse my inward cravings: I feasted instead on the spectacle of ideal drawings, which I saw in the dark; all the work of my own hands: freely pencilled houses and trees, picturesque rocks and ruins, Cuyp-like groups of cattle, sweet paintings of butterflies hovering over unblown roses, of birds picking at ripe cherries, of wren's nests enclosing pearl-like eggs, wreathed about with young ivy sprays. I examined, too, in thought, the possibility of my ever being able to translate currently a certain little French story which Madame Pierrot had that day shown me; nor was that problem solved to my satisfaction ere I fell sweetly asleep.

imagination - immaginazione

roast potatoes - patate arrosto

amuse - svagare

cravings - desiderio

Ideal - ideale

drawings - disegno

picturesque - pittoresco

ruins - rovina, rovinare

cattle - bovini, bestiame

butterflies - farfalla

hovering - librarsi, volteggiare, aggirarsi, attardarsi, gironzolare

unblown - non soffiato

roses - Rosa

picking - scegliere

ripe - maturo

cherries - ciliegia, ciliegio

Wren - scricciolo

nests - nido

enclosing - cintare

pearl - perla, tesoro, parigina, occhio di mosca

wreathed - coprire

sprays - spray, spruzzo, (getto vaporizzato)

currently - attualmente, ora

satisfaction - soddisfazione

sweetly - dolcemente, carezzevolmente, soavemente

Well has Solomon said-"Better is a dinner of herbs where love is, than a stalled ox and hatred therewith."

Solomon - Salomone

herbs - erba aromatica, erba, erba medicinale

stalled - stalla, scuderia

ox - bue

therewith - con questo

I would not now have exchanged Lowood with all its privations for Gateshead and its daily luxuries.

exchanged - cambiare

privations - privazione

luxuries - lusso


But the privations, or rather the hardships, of Lowood lessened. Spring drew on: she was indeed already come; the frosts of winter had ceased; its snows were melted, its cutting winds ameliorated.

lessened - diminuire

frosts - brina, gelata, gelo, checkgalaverna, checkgelo, brinare

ameliorated - migliorare

My wretched feet, flayed and swollen to lameness by the sharp air of January, began to heal and subside under the gentler breathings of April; the nights and mornings no longer by their Canadian temperature froze the very blood in our veins; we could now endure the play-hour passed in the garden: sometimes on a sunny day it began even to be pleasant and genial, and a greenness grew over those brown beds, which, freshening daily, suggested the thought that Hope traversed them at night, and left each morning brighter traces of her steps. Flowers peeped out amongst the leaves; snow-drops, crocuses, purple auriculas, and golden-eyed pansies. On Thursday afternoons (half-holidays) we now took walks, and found still sweeter flowers opening by the wayside, under the hedges.

swollen - gonfiare, gonfiarsi, aumentare

lameness - zoppia

heal - guarire

subside - sprofondare, abbassare, abbassarsi, scendere

gentler - gentile

breathings - respirazione

Canadian - Canadese

temperature - temperatura, febbre

froze - gelare

veins - vena, venatura

sunny - soleggiato, soleggiata

genial - cordiale

greenness - verde

freshening - rinfrescare

suggested - proporre, suggerire

brighter - luminoso, brillante

traces - traccia

peeped - sbirciatina

drops - goccia

Crocuses - croco

auriculas - aurícula

pansies - pansé, mammoletta, femminuccia, coniglio, merlo

sweeter - dolcemente, dolcetto, caramella

wayside - strada

hedges - siepe

I discovered, too, that a great pleasure, an enjoyment which the horizon only bounded, lay all outside the high and spike-guarded walls of our garden: this pleasure consisted in prospect of noble summits girdling a great hill-hollow, rich in verdure and shadow; in a bright beck, full of dark stones and sparkling eddies.

spike - chiodo, lancia, punta, spuntone

noble - nobile, aristocratico, splendido

girdling - incorniciare

Hill - collina, colle

verdure - vegetazione

shadow - ombra, pedinare

beck - agli ordini di qualcuno

stones - pietra, roccia, sasso, tsassolino, gemma

sparkling - scintillante, brillante, frizzante, gassato

eddies - gorgo, mulinello

How different had this scene looked when I viewed it laid out beneath the iron sky of winter, stiffened in frost, shrouded with snow!-when mists as chill as death wandered to the impulse of east winds along those purple peaks, and rolled down "ing" and holm till they blended with the frozen fog of the beck!

viewed - vista, veduta, visualizzazione, visione, opinione

mists - nebbia, foschia

peaks - picco

rolled - rotolo

blended - misto, ibrido

That beck itself was then a torrent, turbid and curbless: it tore asunder the wood, and sent a raving sound through the air, often thickened with wild rain or whirling sleet; and for the forest on its banks, that showed only ranks of skeletons.

torrent - torrente

curbless - senza cordoli

asunder - in pezzi

raving - farneticare

thickened - addensare

whirling - vorticoso, (whirl), turbinare, piroettare, roteare

sleet - gragnola, pioggia mista a neve, acquaneve, vetrone

skeletons - scheletro

April advanced to May: a bright serene May it was; days of blue sky, placid sunshine, and soft western or southern gales filled up its duration.

advanced - avanzare, progredire, anticipare, migliorare, avvicinarsi

serene - sereno

placid - placido

Western - occidentale, western

gales - burrasca

And now vegetation matured with vigour; Lowood shook loose its tresses; it became all green, all flowery; its great elm, ash, and oak skeletons were restored to majestic life; woodland plants sprang up profusely in its recesses; unnumbered varieties of moss filled its hollows, and it made a strange ground-sunshine out of the wealth of its wild primrose plants: I have seen their pale gold gleam in overshadowed spots like scatterings of the sweetest lustre. All this I enjoyed often and fully, free, unwatched, and almost alone: for this unwonted liberty and pleasure there was a cause, to which it now becomes my task to advert.

vegetation - vegetazione

matured - maturo

flowery - floreale

elm - olmo

ash - cenere

oak - quercia

restored - ristabilire, restaurare, riportare, rimettere

majestic - maestoso

woodland - boschereccio

sprang up - sorgere,crescere, rimbalzare

profusely - abbondantemente

recesses - incavo, pausa, ferie, ricreazione

unnumbered - innumerevole

varieties - varieta

moss - muschio

hollows - vuoto, cavo

wealth - ricchezza, patrimonio, abbondanza

Primrose - primula

scatterings - dispersione

unwatched - non guardato

advert - annuncio

Have I not described a pleasant site for a dwelling, when I speak of it as bosomed in hill and wood, and rising from the verge of a stream? Assuredly, pleasant enough: but whether healthy or not is another question.

site - area, posto

dwelling - abitazione, (dwell), abitare, checkdimorare

bosomed - seno, intimita, intimo

verge - orlo

assuredly - sicuramente

That forest-dell, where Lowood lay, was the cradle of fog and fog-bred pestilence; which, quickening with the quickening spring, crept into the Orphan Asylum, breathed typhus through its crowded schoolroom and dormitory, and, ere May arrived, transformed the seminary into an hospital.

cradle - culla, cullare

bred - allevato, (breed), allevare, riprodursi, razza

pestilence - pestilenza

quickening - accelerazione

crept - abbarbicarsi, insinuarsi, strisciare, scorrimento, spostamento

asylum - asilo, manicomio

crowded - folla

seminary - seminario

Semi-starvation and neglected colds had predisposed most of the pupils to receive infection: forty-five out of the eighty girls lay ill at one time. Classes were broken up, rules relaxed.

starvation - fame

predisposed - predisporre

receive - ricevere

broken up - rotto in pezzi, strappato

The few who continued well were allowed almost unlimited license; because the medical attendant insisted on the necessity of frequent exercise to keep them in health: and had it been otherwise, no one had leisure to watch or restrain them. Miss Temple's whole attention was absorbed by the patients: she lived in the sick-room, never quitting it except to snatch a few hours'rest at night.

unlimited - illimitato

license - licenza, permesso

medical - medico

attendant - assistente

insisted - insistere

otherwise - altrimenti, differentemente, in altre circostanze, tuttavia

restrain - contenere, frenare

patients - paziente

sick-room - (sick-room) stanza dei malati

quitting - abbandonare, lasciare

The teachers were fully occupied with packing up and making other necessary preparations for the departure of those girls who were fortunate enough to have friends and relations able and willing to remove them from the seat of contagion. Many, already smitten, went home only to die: some died at the school, and were buried quietly and quickly, the nature of the malady forbidding delay.

fully occupied - completamente occupato

occupied with - occupato

packing up - fare i bagagli

preparations - preparazione

fortunate - fortunato

contagion - talian: t-needed

smitten - colpire, fulminare, annientare, annichilire, impressionare

malady - malattia

While disease had thus become an inhabitant of Lowood, and death its frequent visitor; while there was gloom and fear within its walls; while its rooms and passages steamed with hospital smells, the drug and the pastille striving vainly to overcome the effluvia of mortality, that bright May shone unclouded over the bold hills and beautiful woodland out of doors.

inhabitant - abitante

steamed - vapore

smells - odore, olfatto, odorato, sentire l'odore, fiutare, odorare

drug - medicinale

pastille - pastiglia, pasticca

striving - sforzarsi

vainly - vanamente

effluvia - effluvio

mortality - mortalita

unclouded - not cloudy, clear

bold - ardito, coraggioso

out of doors - spazio aperto

Its garden, too, glowed with flowers: hollyhocks had sprung up tall as trees, lilies had opened, tulips and roses were in bloom; the borders of the little beds were gay with pink thrift and crimson double daisies; the sweetbriars gave out, morning and evening, their scent of spice and apples; and these fragrant treasures were all useless for most of the inmates of Lowood, except to furnish now and then a handful of herbs and blossoms to put in a coffin.

hollyhocks - malvarosa, malvone

lilies - giglio

tulips - tulipano

bloom - fiore

gay - gay, omosessuale

thrift - parsimonia, frugalita, risparmio, economia

daisies - pratolina, margheritina, margherita

gave out - rifiutarsi di obbedire, esaurirsi, spendere

spice - spezia

treasures - tesoro, apprezzare

inmates - internato, detenuto, prigioniero, convitto, interno

furnish - fornire

handful - manciata, pugno, manipolo, gruppetto

blossoms - bocciuolo, fiorire

But I, and the rest who continued well, enjoyed fully the beauties of the scene and season; they let us ramble in the wood, like gipsies, from morning till night; we did what we liked, went where we liked: we lived better too. Mr.

beauties - bellezza

ramble - vagare

gipsies - Zingaro

Brocklehurst and his family never came near Lowood now: household matters were not scrutinised into; the cross housekeeper was gone, driven away by the fear of infection; her successor, who had been matron at the Lowton Dispensary, unused to the ways of her new abode, provided with comparative liberality.

driven away - allontanato

successor - successore, succeditrice, erede

Matron - (direttrice dei servizi d'infermeria)

Dispensary - Dispensario

unused - inusato

provided with - dotato, fornito

Besides, there were fewer to feed; the sick could eat little; our breakfast-basins were better filled; when there was no time to prepare a regular dinner, which often happened, she would give us a large piece of cold pie, or a thick slice of bread and cheese, and this we carried away with us to the wood, where we each chose the spot we liked best, and dined sumptuously.

pie - torta

slice of bread - fetta di pane

carried away - rapire

spot - macchia, brufolo, foruncolo, zona, area, pubblicita, individuare

dined - chiasso, frastuono

sumptuously - sontuosamente

My favourite seat was a smooth and broad stone, rising white and dry from the very middle of the beck, and only to be got at by wading through the water; a feat I accomplished barefoot.

dry - secco, asciutto, asciugarsi, trinsecchire, tessiccare

wading - guadare

feat - impresa

accomplished - compiere, realizzare, completare, trascorrere, concretizzare

barefoot - scalzo, a piedi nudi

The stone was just broad enough to accommodate, comfortably, another girl and me, at that time my chosen comrade-one Mary Ann Wilson; a shrewd, observant personage, whose society I took pleasure in, partly because she was witty and original, and partly because she had a manner which set me at my ease.

accommodate - alloggiare, accogliere

comfortably - comodamente

comrade - compagno, compagna, checkcamerata

Mary - Maria, Madonna

observant - osservante

witty - arguto, faceto, ingegnoso, fine, convincente

original - primitivo, originale, primo, inedito, originario

ease - facilita, riposo, attenuare

Some years older than I, she knew more of the world, and could tell me many things I liked to hear: with her my curiosity found gratification: to my faults also she gave ample indulgence, never imposing curb or rein on anything I said.

curiosity - curiosita

imposing - imporre, abusare

curb - frenare, tenere a freno

rein - redine, briglia

She had a turn for narrative, I for analysis; she liked to inform, I to question; so we got on swimmingly together, deriving much entertainment, if not much improvement, from our mutual intercourse.

inform - informare

swimmingly - dolcemente

deriving - derivare

mutual - mutuo, vicendevole, reciproco

intercourse - rapporto sessuale

And where, meantime, was Helen Burns? Why did I not spend these sweet days of liberty with her? Had I forgotten her? or was I so worthless as to have grown tired of her pure society?

worthless - inutile, insignificante, senza valore

Surely the Mary Ann Wilson I have mentioned was inferior to my first acquaintance: she could only tell me amusing stories, and reciprocate any racy and pungent gossip I chose to indulge in; while, if I have spoken truth of Helen, she was qualified to give those who enjoyed the privilege of her converse a taste of far higher things.

amusing - svagare

reciprocate - reciprocare

gossip - pettegolo, pettegola, chiacchierone, chiacchierona

indulge in - indulgere in

qualified - qualificare, abilitare

True, reader; and I knew and felt this: and though I am a defective being, with many faults and few redeeming points, yet I never tired of Helen Burns; nor ever ceased to cherish for her a sentiment of attachment, as strong, tender, and respectful as any that ever animated my heart.

cherish - custodire, curare, apprezzare

attachment - legame, allegato

tender - tenero

animated - animare, ravvivare

How could it be otherwise, when Helen, at all times and under all circumstances, evinced for me a quiet and faithful friendship, which ill-humour never soured, nor irritation never troubled? But Helen was ill at present: for some weeks she had been removed from my sight to I knew not what room upstairs.

circumstances - circostanza, dettaglio, caso, circonlocuzione, situazione

evinced - evincere, dimostrare, manifestare

friendship - amicizia

soured - agro, inasprire, deteriorarsi, degenerare

She was not, I was told, in the hospital portion of the house with the fever patients; for her complaint was consumption, not typhus: and by consumption I, in my ignorance, understood something mild, which time and care would be sure to alleviate.

complaint - reclamo, lamentela, rimostranza, denuncia, disturbo

consumption - consumo, consunzione, deperimento

alleviate - alleviare

I was confirmed in this idea by the fact of her once or twice coming downstairs on very warm sunny afternoons, and being taken by Miss Temple into the garden; but, on these occasions, I was not allowed to go and speak to her; I only saw her from the schoolroom window, and then not distinctly; for she was much wrapped up, and sat at a distance under the verandah.

confirmed - cresimare, confermare, confermare (1), checkcresimare (2)

One evening, in the beginning of June, I had stayed out very late with Mary Ann in the wood; we had, as usual, separated ourselves from the others, and had wandered far; so far that we lost our way, and had to ask it at a lonely cottage, where a man and woman lived, who looked after a herd of half-wild swine that fed on the mast in the wood.

separated - separato, separata, separare, dividere

ourselves - noi stessi

looked after - in custodia

herd - mandria, branco

swine - porco

mast - albero

When we got back, it was after moonrise: a pony, which we knew to be the surgeon's, was standing at the garden door. Mary Ann remarked that she supposed some one must be very ill, as Mr. Bates had been sent for at that time of the evening.

moonrise - sorgere della luna

surgeon - chirurgo

supposed - supporre, immaginare

She went into the house; I stayed behind a few minutes to plant in my garden a handful of roots I had dug up in the forest, and which I feared would wither if I left them till the morning.

dug up - scavato

wither - seccarsi, far appassire

This done, I lingered yet a little longer: the flowers smelt so sweet as the dew fell; it was such a pleasant evening, so serene, so warm; the still glowing west promised so fairly another fine day on the morrow; the moon rose with such majesty in the grave east. I was noting these things and enjoying them as a child might, when it entered my mind as it had never done before:-

lingered - indugiare, sostare, trattenersi, attardarsi

smelt - fondere, (separare dalle scorie), (smell), odore, olfatto

dew - rugiada

glowing - brillare, alone, luminescenza, luccichio, calore

fairly - in modo equo

"How sad to be lying now on a sick bed, and to be in danger of dying! This world is pleasant-it would be dreary to be called from it, and to have to go who knows where?"

lying - mentire

sick bed - letto di malattia

danger - pericolo

And then my mind made its first earnest effort to comprehend what had been infused into it concerning heaven and hell; and for the first time it recoiled, baffled; and for the first time glancing behind, on each side, and before it, it saw all round an unfathomed gulf: it felt the one point where it stood-the present; all the rest was formless cloud and vacant depth; and it shuddered at the thought of tottering, and plunging amid that chaos. While pondering this new idea, I heard the front door open; Mr. Bates came out, and with him was a nurse. After she had seen him mount his horse and depart, she was about to close the door, but I ran up to her.

recoiled - rinculo, ritrarsi, rinculare

baffled - sconcertare

unfathomed - insondato

Gulf - golfo

formless - senza forma

Tottering - Sballottati, (totter), barcollare

plunging - immergersi

amid - in mezzo a, tra

depart - partire, andar via, allontanarsi, dipartire, deviare

ran up - correre, aumentare un debito

"How is Helen Burns?"

"Very poorly," was the answer.

poorly - in modo inadeguato

"Is it her Mr. Bates has been to see?"


"And what does he say about her?"

"He says she'll not be here long."

This phrase, uttered in my hearing yesterday, would have only conveyed the notion that she was about to be removed to Northumberland, to her own home. I should not have suspected that it meant she was dying; but I knew instantly now!

conveyed - trasportare, condurre, comunicare, esprimere, trasferire

It opened clear on my comprehension that Helen Burns was numbering her last days in this world, and that she was going to be taken to the region of spirits, if such region there were. I experienced a shock of horror, then a strong thrill of grief, then a desire-a necessity to see her; and I asked in what room she lay.

comprehension - comprensione

region - regione

experienced - esperienza, esperire

thrill - eccitare, elettrizzare

"She is in Miss Temple's room," said the nurse.

"May I go up and speak to her?"

"Oh no, child! It is not likely; and now it is time for you to come in; you'll catch the fever if you stop out when the dew is falling."

Likely - E probabile

The nurse closed the front door; I went in by the side entrance which led to the schoolroom: I was just in time; it was nine o'clock, and Miss Miller was calling the pupils to go to bed.

side entrance - ingresso laterale

It might be two hours later, probably near eleven, when I-not having been able to fall asleep, and deeming, from the perfect silence of the dormitory, that my companions were all wrapt in profound repose-rose softly, put on my frock over my night-dress, and, without shoes, crept from the apartment, and set off in quest of Miss Temple's room.

fall asleep - addormentarsi

deeming - considerare, valutare, credere, ritenere

wrapt - avvolgere

profound - profondo

repose - riposo

quest - ricerca

It was quite at the other end of the house; but I knew my way; and the light of the unclouded summer moon, entering here and there at passage windows, enabled me to find it without difficulty. An odour of camphor and burnt vinegar warned me when I came near the fever room: and I passed its door quickly, fearful lest the nurse who sat up all night should hear me.

entering - entrare, (enter), immettere, digitare

enabled - permettere, attivare, abilitare

camphor - canfora

vinegar - aceto

warned - avvertire, avvisare

I dreaded being discovered and sent back; for I must see Helen,-I must embrace her before she died,-I must give her one last kiss, exchange with her one last word.

dreaded - temere, timore

sent back - rimandato indietro

Embrace - abbracciare, aderire, inglobare, abbraccio

Exchange - cambiare

Having descended a staircase, traversed a portion of the house below, and succeeded in opening and shutting, without noise, two doors, I reached another flight of steps; these I mounted, and then just opposite to me was Miss Temple's room. A light shone through the keyhole and from under the door; a profound stillness pervaded the vicinity.

opposite to - opposto

shone through - trasparire, brillare

keyhole - toppa, buco della serratura

pervaded - pervadere

vicinity - vicinanza, dintorni, intorno

coming near, I found the door slightly ajar; probably to admit some fresh air into the close abode of sickness. Indisposed to hesitate, and full of impatient impulses-soul and senses quivering with keen throes-I put it back and looked in. My eye sought Helen, and feared to find death.

coming near - avvicinarsi

slightly - leggermente

ajar - socchiuso

fresh - fresco

sickness - malattia

indisposed - indisporre

hesitate - esitare, titubare

impulses - impulso, aire, slancio, abbrivo

senses - senso, coscienza, sensazione, significato, tocco

quivering - tremare, tremolare

throes - tirar

Close by Miss Temple's bed, and half covered with its white curtains, there stood a little crib. I saw the outline of a form under the clothes, but the face was hid by the hangings: the nurse I had spoken to in the garden sat in an easy-chair asleep; an unsnuffed candle burnt dimly on the table.

hangings - appeso

unsnuffed - non soffocata

Miss Temple was not to be seen: I knew afterwards that she had been called to a delirious patient in the fever-room. I advanced; then paused by the crib side: my hand was on the curtain, but I preferred speaking before I withdrew it. I still recoiled at the dread of seeing a corpse.

delirious - delirante

corpse - cadavere, corpo

"Helen!" I whispered softly, "are you awake?"

awake - svegliarsi

She stirred herself, put back the curtain, and I saw her face, pale, wasted, but quite composed: she looked so little changed that my fear was instantly dissipated.

put back - tornare indietro

wasted - spreco

dissipated - dissipare

"Can it be you, Jane?" she asked, in her own gentle voice.

"Oh!" I thought, "she is not going to die; they are mistaken: she could not speak and look so calmly if she were."

calmly - con calma

I got on to her crib and kissed her: her forehead was cold, and her cheek both cold and thin, and so were her hand and wrist; but she smiled as of old.

wrist - polso

"Why are you come here, Jane? It is past eleven o'clock: I heard it strike some minutes since."

"I came to see you, Helen: I heard you were very ill, and I could not sleep till I had spoken to you."

"You came to bid me good-bye, then: you are just in time probably."

"Are you going somewhere, Helen? Are you going home?"

"Yes; to my long home-my last home."

"No, no, Helen!" I stopped, distressed. While I tried to devour my tears, a fit of coughing seized Helen; it did not, however, wake the nurse; when it was over, she lay some minutes exhausted; then she whispered-

distressed - angoscia, pena, miseria, sconforto, pericolo

devour - divorare, trangugiare, ingurgitare, ingozzarsi

fit of coughing - un attacco di tosse

"Jane, your little feet are bare; lie down and cover yourself with my quilt."

I did so: she put her arm over me, and I nestled close to her. After a long silence, she resumed, still whispering-

nestled - accomodarsi, talian: t-needed

"I am very happy, Jane; and when you hear that I am dead, you must be sure and not grieve: there is nothing to grieve about. We all must die one day, and the illness which is removing me is not painful; it is gentle and gradual: my mind is at rest. I leave no one to regret me much: I have only a father; and he is lately married, and will not miss me.

removing - rimuovere, asportare, levare, togliere

gradual - graduale

regret - rimpiangere, rammaricarsi, pentirsi, rammarico, rimpianto

By dying young, I shall escape great sufferings. I had not qualities or talents to make my way very well in the world: I should have been continually at fault."

qualities - qualita

talents - talento, talenti

"But where are you going to, Helen? Can you see? Do you know?"

"I believe; I have faith: I am going to God."

Faith - fede, fiducia

"Where is God? What is God?"

"My Maker and yours, who will never destroy what He created. I rely implicitly on His power, and confide wholly in His goodness: I count the hours till that eventful one arrives which shall restore me to Him, reveal Him to me."

Maker - fattore, facitore

destroy - distruggere, annichilare, checkabbattere (4)

rely - fare affidamento, basarsi

implicitly - implicitamente

confide - confidarsi

wholly - del tutto

count - conte

eventful - movimentato

"You are sure, then, Helen, that there is such a place as heaven, and that our souls can get to it when we die?"

"I am sure there is a future state; I believe God is good; I can resign my immortal part to Him without any misgiving. God is my father; God is my friend: I love Him; I believe He loves me."

resign - dimettersi

misgiving - apprensione

"And shall I see you again, Helen, when I die?"

"You will come to the same region of happiness: be received by the same mighty, universal Parent, no doubt, dear Jane."

Again I questioned, but this time only in thought. "Where is that region? Does it exist?" And I clasped my arms closer round Helen; she seemed dearer to me than ever; I felt as if I could not let her go; I lay with my face hidden on her neck. Presently she said, in the sweetest tone-

exist - esistere

clasped - fibbia, gancio, fermaglio, stringere, serrare

hidden - nascondere, nascondersi

"How comfortable I am! That last fit of coughing has tired me a little; I feel as if I could sleep: but don't leave me, Jane; I like to have you near me."

coughing - tosse, (cough), tossire, colpo di tosse

"I'll stay with you, dear Helen: no one shall take me away."

"Are you warm, darling?"


"Good-night, Jane."

"Good-night, Helen."

She kissed me, and I her, and we both soon slumbered.

When I awoke it was day: an unusual movement roused me; I looked up; I was in somebody's arms; the nurse held me; she was carrying me through the passage back to the dormitory.

I was not reprimanded for leaving my bed; people had something else to think about; no explanation was afforded then to my many questions; but a day or two afterwards I learned that Miss Temple, on returning to her own room at dawn, had found me laid in the little crib; my face against Helen Burns's shoulder, my arms round her neck. I was asleep, and Helen was-dead.

reprimanded - reprimenda, ammonimento, appunto, lavacapo

laid in - accumulare

Her grave is in Brocklebridge churchyard: for fifteen years after her death it was only covered by a grassy mound; but now a grey marble tablet marks the spot, inscribed with her name, and the word "Resurgam."

grassy - erboso, erbale

mound - terrapieno, tumulo, cumulo, monticello

marks - Marco


Hitherto I have recorded in detail the events of my insignificant existence: to the first ten years of my life I have given almost as many chapters. But this is not to be a regular autobiography.

recorded in - registrato in

insignificant - insignificante, irrilevante, nullo

autobiography - autobiografia

I am only bound to invoke Memory where I know her responses will possess some degree of interest; therefore I now pass a space of eight years almost in silence: a few lines only are necessary to keep up the links of connection.

invoke - chiedere, invocare, appellarsi, richiedere, richiamare

responses - responso, risposta

possess - possedere, avere

links - anello, maglia

When the typhus fever had fulfilled its mission of devastation at Lowood, it gradually disappeared from thence; but not till its virulence and the number of its victims had drawn public attention on the school. Inquiry was made into the origin of the scourge, and by degrees various facts came out which excited public indignation in a high degree.

fulfilled - completare, soddisfare

devastation - devastazione

disappeared - sparire, scomparire

not till - non fino a quando

virulence - virulenza

victims - vittima

origin - origine, origini

scourge - piaga, flagello, flagellare

degrees - laurea, grado

various - vario

The unhealthy nature of the site; the quantity and quality of the children's food; the brackish, fetid water used in its preparation; the pupils'wretched clothing and accommodations-all these things were discovered, and the discovery produced a result mortifying to Mr. Brocklehurst, but beneficial to the institution.

unhealthy - malsano, insalubre

brackish - salmastra, salmastro

fetid - fetido

discovery - scoperta

mortifying - mortificare

beneficial - benefico

Several wealthy and benevolent individuals in the county subscribed largely for the erection of a more convenient building in a better situation; new regulations were made; improvements in diet and clothing introduced; the funds of the school were intrusted to the management of a committee. Mr.

wealthy - benestante, abbiente, agiato, facoltoso

individuals - individuo, soggetto, singolo, specifico, individuale, personale

subscribed - abbonarsi

largely - largamente, estesamente, in gran parte, per la maggior parte

erection - erezione

improvements - miglioramento, salto di qualita

funds - fondo, finanziare

management - gestione

committee - comitato, commissione

Brocklehurst, who, from his wealth and family connections, could not be overlooked, still retained the post of treasurer; but he was aided in the discharge of his duties by gentlemen of rather more enlarged and sympathising minds: his office of inspector, too, was shared by those who knew how to combine reason with strictness, comfort with economy, compassion with uprightness.

connections - connessione, coincidenza

aided - assistente

discharge - secrezione, emissione, discarico, scarica, dimissioni, congedo

enlarged - allargare

sympathising - simpatizzare

minds - mente

inspector - ispettore, controllore, ispettore di polizia

combine - combinare, mischiare, abbinare, unire, kombinat, combinat

strictness - rigore

economy - economia, risparmio

compassion - compassione

uprightness - rettitudine

The school, thus improved, became in time a truly useful and noble institution. I remained an inmate of its walls, after its regeneration, for eight years: six as pupil, and two as teacher; and in both capacities I bear my testimony to its value and importance.

inmate - internato, detenuto, prigioniero, convitto, interno

regeneration - rigenerazione

capacities - tenuta, resistenza, capacita, capienza

testimony - testimonianza

importance - importanza

During these eight years my life was uniform: but not unhappy, because it was not inactive. I had the means of an excellent education placed within my reach; a fondness for some of my studies, and a desire to excel in all, together with a great delight in pleasing my teachers, especially such as I loved, urged me on: I availed myself fully of the advantages offered me.

uniform - Udine

reach - arrivare a, raggiungere

fondness - affezione

excel in - eccellere, distinguersi

delight in - gustare

availed - (2) inutile

advantages - vantaggio, beneficio

In time I rose to be the first girl of the first class; then I was invested with the office of teacher; which I discharged with zeal for two years: but at the end of that time I altered.

invested - investire

discharged - secrezione, emissione, discarico, scarica, dimissioni, congedo

zeal - zelo

Miss Temple, through all changes, had thus far continued superintendent of the seminary: to her instruction I owed the best part of my acquirements; her friendship and society had been my continual solace; she had stood me in the stead of mother, governess, and, latterly, companion.

instruction - istruzione, addestramento, insegnamento, tirocinio, bugiardino

owed - dovere, essere in debito, essere debitore di

acquirements - acquisizione

continual - continuo

governess - governante, istitutrice

latterly - ultimamente

At this period she married, removed with her husband (a clergyman, an excellent man, almost worthy of such a wife) to a distant county, and consequently was lost to me.

From the day she left I was no longer the same: with her was gone every settled feeling, every association that had made Lowood in some degree a home to me. I had imbibed from her something of her nature and much of her habits: more harmonious thoughts: what seemed better regulated feelings had become the inmates of my mind.

Association - associazione

imbibed - assorbire

more harmonious - piu armonioso

regulated - regolare, registrare, tarare

I had given in allegiance to duty and order; I was quiet; I believed I was content: to the eyes of others, usually even to my own, I appeared a disciplined and subdued character.

given in - arrendersi

allegiance - fedelta, lealta

content - contento, soddisfatto

But destiny, in the shape of the Rev. Mr. Nasmyth, came between me and Miss Temple: I saw her in her travelling dress step into a post-chaise, shortly after the marriage ceremony; I watched the chaise mount the hill and disappear beyond its brow; and then retired to my own room, and there spent in solitude the greatest part of the half-holiday granted in honour of the occasion.

destiny - destino

Rev - accelerare

marriage ceremony - cerimonia di matrimonio

disappear - sparire, scomparire

granted - permettere, concedere, conferire, ammettere, garantire

I walked about the chamber most of the time.

I imagined myself only to be regretting my loss, and thinking how to repair it; but when my reflections were concluded, and I looked up and found that the afternoon was gone, and evening far advanced, another discovery dawned on me, namely, that in the interval I had undergone a transforming process; that my mind had put off all it had borrowed of Miss Temple-or rather that she had taken with her the serene atmosphere I had been breathing in her vicinity-and that now I was left in my natural element, and beginning to feel the stirring of old emotions. It did not seem as if a prop were withdrawn, but rather as if a motive were gone: it was not the power to be tranquil which had failed me, but the reason for tranquillity was no more. My world had for some years been in Lowood: my experience had been of its rules and systems; now I remembered that the real world was wide, and that a varied field of hopes and fears, of sensations and excitements, awaited those who had courage to go forth into its expanse, to seek real knowledge of life amidst its perils.

regretting - rimpiangere, rammaricarsi, pentirsi, rammarico, rimpianto

Loss - perdita

concluded - finire, concludere

namely - cioe, ovvero, ovverosia

undergone - soffrire, sottoporsi

transforming - trasformando, (transform), trasformare, modificare

put off - rimandare

borrowed - prendere in prestito

atmosphere - atmosfera

breathing - respirazione, (breath), respiro, lena, alito, fiato

element - elemento, elementi, ambiente

stirring of - agitare

prop - sostegno

withdrawn - ritirare, ritirarsi

tranquil - tranquillo, sereno, calmo, pacifico

Experience - esperienza, esperire

systems - sistema

varied - variare

fears - paura

excitements - eccitamento, orgasmo, fregola

awaited - aspettare, attendere, servire

expanse - distesa

knowledge - conoscenza, sapere

perils - periglio, pericolo

I went to my window, opened it, and looked out. There were the two wings of the building; there was the garden; there were the skirts of Lowood; there was the hilly horizon. My eye passed all other objects to rest on those most remote, the blue peaks; it was those I longed to surmount; all within their boundary of rock and heath seemed prison-ground, exile limits.

objects to - obiettare

surmount - sormontare, superare

boundary - confine, limite

prison - prigione, carcere, fresco

exile - esilio, esiliato, esule, esiliare

I traced the white road winding round the base of one mountain, and vanishing in a gorge between two; how I longed to follow it farther! I recalled the time when I had travelled that very road in a coach; I remembered descending that hill at twilight; an age seemed to have elapsed since the day which brought me first to Lowood, and I had never quitted it since.

vanishing - svanire, (vanish), sparire

gorge - gola

descending - scendere

elapsed - trascorrere

My vacations had all been spent at school: Mrs. Reed had never sent for me to Gateshead; neither she nor any of her family had ever been to visit me. I had had no communication by letter or message with the outer world: school-rules, school-duties, school-habits and notions, and voices, and faces, and phrases, and costumes, and preferences, and antipathies-such was what I knew of existence.

communication - comunicazione, avviso, trasmissione, collegamento, comunione

costumes - costume

preferences - preferenza

Antipathies - antipatia

And now I felt that it was not enough; I tired of the routine of eight years in one afternoon. I desired liberty; for liberty I gasped; for liberty I uttered a prayer; it seemed scattered on the wind then faintly blowing.

gasped - restare senza fiato, restare a bocca aperta

faintly - debolmente, tenuemente, fiocamente, fievolmente

I abandoned it and framed a humbler supplication; for change, stimulus: that petition, too, seemed swept off into vague space: "Then," I cried, half desperate, "grant me at least a new servitude!"

humbler - piu umile

petition - petizione

Grant - permettere, concedere, conferire, ammettere, garantire

servitude - servitu

Here a bell, ringing the hour of supper, called me downstairs.

I was not free to resume the interrupted chain of my reflections till bedtime: even then a teacher who occupied the same room with me kept me from the subject to which I longed to recur, by a prolonged effusion of small talk. How I wished sleep would silence her.

resume - riprendere

chain - catena, incatenare, concatenare

recur - ripresentarsi, ripetersi

effusion - effusione, spargimento, travaso, effusioni

small talk - chiacchiere

It seemed as if, could I but go back to the idea which had last entered my mind as I stood at the window, some inventive suggestion would rise for my relief.

inventive - inventivo

Miss Gryce snored at last; she was a heavy Welshwoman, and till now her habitual nasal strains had never been regarded by me in any other light than as a nuisance; to-night I hailed the first deep notes with satisfaction; I was debarrassed of interruption; my half-effaced thought instantly revived.

snored - russare, ronfare

Welshwoman - Gallese

nasal - nasale

strains - sforzare, sforzarsi, tirare

nuisance - seccatura

hailed - grandine

effaced - cancellare

"A new servitude! There is something in that," I soliloquised (mentally, be it understood; I did not talk aloud), "I know there is, because it does not sound too sweet; it is not like such words as Liberty, Excitement, Enjoyment: delightful sounds truly; but no more than sounds for me; and so hollow and fleeting that it is mere waste of time to listen to them. But Servitude!

soliloquised - soliloquio

mentally - mentalmente

delightful - delizioso

fleeting - flotta

waste - sprecare

That must be matter of fact. Any one may serve: I have served here eight years; now all I want is to serve elsewhere. Can I not get so much of my own will? Is not the thing feasible? Yes-yes-the end is not so difficult; if I had only a brain active enough to ferret out the means of attaining it."

feasible - fattibile, realizzabile, eseguibile, futuribile

ferret - furetto

attaining - raggiungere, ottenere, attenere

I sat up in bed by way of arousing this said brain: it was a chilly night; I covered my shoulders with a shawl, and then I proceeded to think again with all my might.

arousing - eccitare, provocare, stimolare, suscitare

shoulders - spalla

"What do I want? A new place, in a new house, amongst new faces, under new circumstances: I want this because it is of no use wanting anything better. How do people do to get a new place? They apply to friends, I suppose: I have no friends. There are many others who have no friends, who must look about for themselves and be their own helpers; and what is their resource?"

helpers - aiutante, assistente, supporto, apprendista

resource - risorsa

I could not tell: nothing answered me; I then ordered my brain to find a response, and quickly. It worked and worked faster: I felt the pulses throb in my head and temples; but for nearly an hour it worked in chaos; and no result came of its efforts.

Feverish with vain labour, I got up and took a turn in the room; undrew the curtain, noted a star or two, shivered with cold, and again crept to bed.

labour - lavoro, lavoratori, lavoranti, parto, travaglio, doglie

turn in - consegnare

undrew - Disegnare

shivered - rabbrividire, tremare

A kind fairy, in my absence, had surely dropped the required suggestion on my pillow; for as I lay down, it came quietly and naturally to my mind.-"Those who want situations advertise; you must advertise in the ---shire Herald."

advertise - annunciare, promuovere, divulgare, pubblicizzare

shire - contea

"How? I know nothing about advertising."

advertising - pubblicita, (advertise), annunciare, promuovere, divulgare

Replies rose smooth and prompt now:-

replies - rispondere, replicare, ripetere, risposta, replica

prompt - pronto, disponibile, puntuale, promemoria, segnale, avvertimento

"You must enclose the advertisement and the money to pay for it under a cover directed to the editor of the Herald; you must put it, the first opportunity you have, into the post at Lowton; answers must be addressed to J.E., at the post-office there; you can go and inquire in about a week after you send your letter, if any are come, and act accordingly."

enclose - cintare

advertisement - annuncio, pubblicita, raccomandazione

editor - redattore, curatore, curatrice, redattrice

inquire - domandare, chiedere

This scheme I went over twice, thrice; it was then digested in my mind; I had it in a clear practical form: I felt satisfied, and fell asleep.

scheme - schema, piano, progetto, programma, macchinazione

thrice - tre volta

digested - digerire

With earliest day, I was up: I had my advertisement written, enclosed, and directed before the bell rang to rouse the school; it ran thus:-

enclosed - cintare

rouse - svegliare

"A young lady accustomed to tuition" (had I not been a teacher two years?) "is desirous of meeting with a situation in a private family where the children are under fourteen" (I thought that as I was barely eighteen, it would not do to undertake the guidance of pupils nearer my own age).

tuition - retta

desirous - desideroso

private - personale, riservato, privato, privata

barely - appena, malapena

undertake - intraprendere, impegnarsi, dedicarsi

"She is qualified to teach the usual branches of a good English education, together with French, Drawing, and Music" (in those days, reader, this now narrow catalogue of accomplishments, would have been held tolerably comprehensive). "Address, J.E., Post-office, Lowton, ---shire."

branches - ramo, filiale, succursale, branca, settore

catalogue - catalogo, cataloghi, catalogare, mettere in catalogo

comprehensive - esaustivo, completo, complessivo

This document remained locked in my drawer all day: after tea, I asked leave of the new superintendent to go to Lowton, in order to perform some small commissions for myself and one or two of my fellow-teachers; permission was readily granted; I went.

document - documento, carta

perform - eseguire, comportarsi con correttezza, adempiere, recitare

commissions - missione, incarico, mandato, commissione, incaricare

It was a walk of two miles, and the evening was wet, but the days were still long; I visited a shop or two, slipped the letter into the post-office, and came back through heavy rain, with streaming garments, but with a relieved heart.

heavy rain - pioggia battente

garments - vestito, indumento, capo, abito

The succeeding week seemed long: it came to an end at last, however, like all sublunary things, and once more, towards the close of a pleasant autumn day, I found myself afoot on the road to Lowton.

sublunary - sublunare

afoot - in piedi

A picturesque track it was, by the way; lying along the side of the beck and through the sweetest curves of the dale: but that day I thought more of the letters, that might or might not be awaiting me at the little burgh whither I was bound, than of the charms of lea and water.

track - traccia, scia, tracciamento, sentiero, impronta, mulattiera

curves - curva, curvare

awaiting - aspettare, attendere, servire

whither - dove

charms - fascino

My ostensible errand on this occasion was to get measured for a pair of shoes; so I discharged that business first, and when it was done, I stepped across the clean and quiet little street from the shoemaker's to the post-office: it was kept by an old dame, who wore horn spectacles on her nose, and black mittens on her hands.

ostensible - apparente

errand - commissione, ambasciata, incombenza, incarico

stepped - passo

Shoemaker - calzolaio

Dame - dama

spectacles - spettacolo

mittens - muffola, guanto a manopola, mezzoguanto

"Are there any letters for J.E.?" I asked.

She peered at me over her spectacles, and then she opened a drawer and fumbled among its contents for a long time, so long that my hopes began to falter. At last, having held a document before her glasses for nearly five minutes, she presented it across the counter, accompanying the act by another inquisitive and mistrustful glance-it was for J.E.

peered - Pari

fumbled - armeggiare, frugare

falter - inciampare

across the counter - attraverso il bancone

accompanying - accompagnare

mistrustful - diffidente

"Is there only one?" I demanded.

"There are no more," said she; and I put it in my pocket and turned my face homeward: I could not open it then; rules obliged me to be back by eight, and it was already half-past seven.

homeward - verso casa

Various duties awaited me on my arrival. I had to sit with the girls during their hour of study; then it was my turn to read prayers; to see them to bed: afterwards I supped with the other teachers.

supped - Qué pasa

Even when we finally retired for the night, the inevitable Miss Gryce was still my companion: we had only a short end of candle in our candlestick, and I dreaded lest she should talk till it was all burnt out; fortunately, however, the heavy supper she had eaten produced a soporific effect: she was already snoring before I had finished undressing.

inevitable - inevitabile

candlestick - candelabro, candeliere

burnt out - spento

soporific - sonnifero, soporifero, addormentativo, addormentatore

snoring - russare, (snore), ronfare

undressing - spogliarsi, (undress), svestirsi

There still remained an inch of candle: I now took out my letter; the seal was an initial F.; I broke it; the contents were brief.

inch - pollice

seal - sigillo

initial - iniziale

"If J.E., who advertised in the ---shire Herald of last Thursday, possesses the acquirements mentioned, and if she is in a position to give satisfactory references as to character and competency, a situation can be offered her where there is but one pupil, a little girl, under ten years of age; and where the salary is thirty pounds per annum. J.E.

advertised - annunciare, promuovere, divulgare, pubblicizzare

possesses - possiede

satisfactory - soddisfacente

references - riferimento

competency - competenza

salary - stipendio, salario

per annum - all'anno

is requested to send references, name, address, and all particulars to the direction:-

"Mrs. Fairfax, Thornfield, near Millcote, ---shire."

I examined the document long: the writing was old-fashioned and rather uncertain, like that of an elderly lady. This circumstance was satisfactory: a private fear had haunted me, that in thus acting for myself, and by my own guidance, I ran the risk of getting into some scrape; and, above all things, I wished the result of my endeavours to be respectable, proper, en rčgle.

old-fashioned - (old-fashioned) vecchio stile

Risk - rischio, rischiare

endeavours - tentare

proper - adatto, appropriato, decente, proprio, checkproprio

rčgle - regle

I now felt that an elderly lady was no bad ingredient in the business I had on hand. Mrs. Fairfax! I saw her in a black gown and widow's cap; frigid, perhaps, but not uncivil: a model of elderly English respectability. Thornfield! that, doubtless, was the name of her house: a neat orderly spot, I was sure; though I failed in my efforts to conceive a correct plan of the premises.

ingredient - ingrediente

widow - vedova, vedovare

frigid - gelido

uncivil - maleducato, scortese

respectability - rispettabilita, perbenismo

orderly - ordinato, metodico, sistematico, attendente

conceive - concepire, sviluppare, ideare

premises - premessa, locale, posto

Millcote, ---shire; I brushed up my recollections of the map of England, yes, I saw it; both the shire and the town. ---shire was seventy miles nearer London than the remote county where I now resided: that was a recommendation to me.

brushed - spazzola, pennello, incontro, scontro, spazzolare, spazzolarsi

resided - residuo

I longed to go where there was life and movement: Millcote was a large manufacturing town on the banks of the A-; a busy place enough, doubtless: so much the better; it would be a complete change at least. Not that my fancy was much captivated by the idea of long chimneys and clouds of smoke-"but," I argued, "Thornfield will, probably, be a good way from the town."

captivated - catturare, attirare l'attenzione, attrarre, accattivare

chimneys - camino, ciminiera, fumaiolo, bulbo

smoke - fumo

argued - discutere, dibattere, contestare, litigare, argomentare

Here the socket of the candle dropped, and the wick went out.

socket - presa

wick - stoppino

Next day new steps were to be taken; my plans could no longer be confined to my own breast; I must impart them in order to achieve their success.

confined - limitare

impart - impartire

Having sought and obtained an audience of the superintendent during the noontide recreation, I told her I had a prospect of getting a new situation where the salary would be double what I now received (for at Lowood I only got Ł15 per annum); and requested she would break the matter for me to Mr.

audience - pubblico, uditorio, udienza

noontide - meriggio

annum - ordine del giorno

Brocklehurst, or some of the committee, and ascertain whether they would permit me to mention them as references. She obligingly consented to act as mediatrix in the matter. The next day she laid the affair before Mr. Brocklehurst, who said that Mrs. Reed must be written to, as she was my natural guardian.

obligingly - con gentilezza

mediatrix - mediatrice

affair - affare

guardian - guardiano, custode, tutore, tutrice

A note was accordingly addressed to that lady, who returned for answer, that "I might do as I pleased: she had long relinquished all interference in my affairs.

affairs - affare

" This note went the round of the committee, and at last, after what appeared to me most tedious delay, formal leave was given me to better my condition if I could; and an assurance added, that as I had always conducted myself well, both as teacher and pupil, at Lowood, a testimonial of character and capacity, signed by the inspectors of that institution, should forthwith be furnished me.

tedious - noioso, tedioso, fastidioso, palloso

formal - formale

assurance - garanzia

testimonial - written recommendation, tribute of someone's service

inspectors - ispettore, controllore, ispettore di polizia

furnished - fornire

This testimonial I accordingly received in about a month, forwarded a copy of it to Mrs. Fairfax, and got that lady's reply, stating that she was satisfied, and fixing that day fortnight as the period for my assuming the post of governess in her house.

forwarded - avanti, in avanti

copy - copia, replica, copiare, imitare, ricevere

stating - stato, dichiarare, statuire, esporre, indicare

fixing - fissaggio, (fix), aggiustare, riparare, mettere una pezza

I now busied myself in preparations: the fortnight passed rapidly. I had not a very large wardrobe, though it was adequate to my wants; and the last day sufficed to pack my trunk,-the same I had brought with me eight years ago from Gateshead.

adequate - adeguato

sufficed - bastare, essere sufficiente, soddisfare, fornire

The box was corded, the card nailed on. In half-an-hour the carrier was to call for it to take it to Lowton, whither I myself was to repair at an early hour the next morning to meet the coach.

nailed on - inchiodato

carrier - vettore

at an early hour - a un'ora precoce

I had brushed my black stuff travelling-dress, prepared my bonnet, gloves, and muff; sought in all my drawers to see that no article was left behind; and now having nothing more to do, I sat down and tried to rest. I could not; though I had been on foot all day, I could not now repose an instant; I was too much excited.

gloves - guanto

muff - muffa

A phase of my life was closing to-night, a new one opening to-morrow: impossible to slumber in the interval; I must watch feverishly while the change was being accomplished.

slumber - sonnolenza, dormiveglia, appisolarsi, assopirsi, appalugarsi

feverishly - febbrilmente

"Miss," said a servant who met me in the lobby, where I was wandering like a troubled spirit, "a person below wishes to see you."

lobby - ingresso, hall

"The carrier, no doubt," I thought, and ran downstairs without inquiry. I was passing the back-parlour or teachers'sitting-room, the door of which was half open, to go to the kitchen, when some one ran out-

sitting-room - (sitting-room) salotto

half open - aperto a meta

"It's her, I am sure!-I could have told her anywhere!" cried the individual who stopped my progress and took my hand.

I looked: I saw a woman attired like a well-dressed servant, matronly, yet still young; very good-looking, with black hair and eyes, and lively complexion.

Attired - abbigliamento, palco, indossare, portare

matronly - matronale

"Well, who is it?" she asked, in a voice and with a smile I half recognised; "you've not quite forgotten me, I think, Miss Jane?"

In another second I was embracing and kissing her rapturously: "Bessie! Bessie! Bessie!" that was all I said; whereat she half laughed, half cried, and we both went into the parlour. By the fire stood a little fellow of three years old, in plaid frock and trousers.

embracing - abbracciare, aderire, inglobare, abbraccio

kissing - baciare

rapturously - estasiato

whereat - Perché

"That is my little boy," said Bessie directly.

"Then you are married, Bessie?"

"Yes; nearly five years since to Robert Leaven, the coachman; and I've a little girl besides Bobby there, that I've christened Jane."

Robert - Roberto

Leaven - lievito, lievitare

christened - battezzare, inaugurare

"And you don't live at Gateshead?"

"I live at the lodge: the old porter has left."

"Well, and how do they all get on? Tell me everything about them, Bessie: but sit down first; and, Bobby, come and sit on my knee, will you?" but Bobby preferred sidling over to his mother.

sidling - (camminare furtivamente)

"You're not grown so very tall, Miss Jane, nor so very stout," continued Mrs. Leaven. "I dare say they've not kept you too well at school: Miss Reed is the head and shoulders taller than you are; and Miss Georgiana would make two of you in breadth."

breadth - larghezza

"Georgiana is handsome, I suppose, Bessie?"

"Very. She went up to London last winter with her mama, and there everybody admired her, and a young lord fell in love with her: but his relations were against the match; and-what do you think?-he and Miss Georgiana made it up to run away; but they were found out and stopped.

It was Miss Reed that found them out: I believe she was envious; and now she and her sister lead a cat and dog life together; they are always quarrelling-"

envious - invidioso

lead - piombo

"Well, and what of John Reed?"

"Oh, he is not doing so well as his mama could wish. He went to college, and he got-plucked, I think they call it: and then his uncles wanted him to be a barrister, and study the law: but he is such a dissipated young man, they will never make much of him, I think."

plucked - pizzicare, spennare, spennacchiare, spiumare, corata, coratella

barrister - avvocato

law - legge

"What does he look like?"

"He is very tall: some people call him a fine-looking young man; but he has such thick lips."

thick lips - labbra spesse

"And Mrs. Reed?"

"Missis looks stout and well enough in the face, but I think she's not quite easy in her mind: Mr. John's conduct does not please her-he spends a deal of money."

"Did she send you here, Bessie?"

"No, indeed: but I have long wanted to see you, and when I heard that there had been a letter from you, and that you were going to another part of the country, I thought I'd just set off, and get a look at you before you were quite out of my reach."

"I am afraid you are disappointed in me, Bessie." I said this laughing: I perceived that Bessie's glance, though it expressed regard, did in no shape denote admiration.

disappointed - deludere, dispiacere, contrariare

denote - indicare, rivelare, significare

"No, Miss Jane, not exactly: you are genteel enough; you look like a lady, and it is as much as ever I expected of you: you were no beauty as a child."

I smiled at Bessie's frank answer: I felt that it was correct, but I confess I was not quite indifferent to its import: at eighteen most people wish to please, and the conviction that they have not an exterior likely to second that desire brings anything but gratification.

confess - confessare

"I dare say you are clever, though," continued Bessie, by way of solace. "What can you do? Can you play on the piano?"

"A little."

There was one in the room; Bessie went and opened it, and then asked me to sit down and give her a tune: I played a waltz or two, and she was charmed.

tune - melodia, composizione, regolazione, messa a punto, accordare

waltz - valzer

charmed - fascino

"The Miss Reeds could not play as well!" said she exultingly. "I always said you would surpass them in learning: and can you draw?"

exultingly - esultando

surpass - sorpassare

"That is one of my paintings over the chimney-piece." It was a landscape in water colours, of which I had made a present to the superintendent, in acknowledgment of her obliging mediation with the committee on my behalf, and which she had framed and glazed.

landscape - paesaggio, panorama, orizzontale, scenario

obliging - obbligare, forzare, costringere, fare un favore, indebitarsi

mediation - mediazione

behalf - a vantaggio di

"Well, that is beautiful, Miss Jane! It is as fine a picture as any Miss Reed's drawing-master could paint, let alone the young ladies themselves, who could not come near it: and have you learnt French?"

come near - avvicinarsi

"Yes, Bessie, I can both read it and speak it."

"And you can work on muslin and canvas?"

canvas - tela

"I can."

"Oh, you are quite a lady, Miss Jane! I knew you would be: you will get on whether your relations notice you or not. There was something I wanted to ask you. Have you ever heard anything from your father's kinsfolk, the Eyres?"

kinsfolk - parenti

"Never in my life."

"Well, you know Missis always said they were poor and quite despicable: and they may be poor; but I believe they are as much gentry as the Reeds are; for one day, nearly seven years ago, a Mr.

despicable - spregevole, abietto, disprezzabile

Eyre came to Gateshead and wanted to see you; Missis said you were at school fifty miles off; he seemed so much disappointed, for he could not stay: he was going on a voyage to a foreign country, and the ship was to sail from London in a day or two. He looked quite a gentleman, and I believe he was your father's brother."

sail - vela

"What foreign country was he going to, Bessie?"

"An island thousands of miles off, where they make wine-the butler did tell me-"

"Madeira?" I suggested.

Madeira - island and autonomous region, wine

"Yes, that is it-that is the very word."

"So he went?"

"Yes; he did not stay many minutes in the house: Missis was very high with him; she called him afterwards a 'sneaking tradesman.' My Robert believes he was a wine-merchant."

tradesman - commerciante

merchant - mercante, mercantessa, commerciante, negoziante

"Very likely," I returned; "or perhaps clerk or agent to a wine-merchant."

clerk - impiegato

Bessie and I conversed about old times an hour longer, and then she was obliged to leave me: I saw her again for a few minutes the next morning at Lowton, while I was waiting for the coach.

We parted finally at the door of the Brocklehurst Arms there: each went her separate way; she set off for the brow of Lowood Fell to meet the conveyance which was to take her back to Gateshead, I mounted the vehicle which was to bear me to new duties and a new life in the unknown environs of Millcote.

Conveyance - Trasporto

vehicle - veicolo, mezzo

environs - ambiente


A new chapter in a novel is something like a new scene in a play; and when I draw up the curtain this time, reader, you must fancy you see a room in the George Inn at Millcote, with such large figured papering on the walls as inn rooms have; such a carpet, such furniture, such ornaments on the mantelpiece, such prints, including a portrait of George the Third, and another of the Prince of Wales, and a representation of the death of Wolfe. All this is visible to you by the light of an oil lamp hanging from the ceiling, and by that of an excellent fire, near which I sit in my cloak and bonnet; my muff and umbrella lie on the table, and I am warming away the numbness and chill contracted by sixteen hours'exposure to the rawness of an October day: I left Lowton at four o'clock a.m., and the Millcote town clock is now just striking eight.

novel - romanzo

draw up - redigere

George - Giorgio, Iorio

mantelpiece - (mensola di caminetto)

prints - stampare, scrivere in stampatello, impronta, stampa

portrait - ritratto

prince - principe

Wales - Galles

representation - rappresentanza

oil - olio

hanging - appeso

numbness - intorpidimento

contracted - contrarre

exposure - espozione, assideramento, posa, smascheramento

rawness - crudezza

Reader, though I look comfortably accommodated, I am not very tranquil in my mind. I thought when the coach stopped here there would be some one to meet me; I looked anxiously round as I descended the wooden steps the "boots" placed for my convenience, expecting to hear my name pronounced, and to see some description of carriage waiting to convey me to Thornfield.

accommodated - alloggiare, accogliere

anxiously - ansiosamente

wooden - di legno, ligneo

convenience - conveniente, comodita, a tempo debito, bagno pubblico

convey - trasportare, condurre, comunicare, esprimere, trasferire

Nothing of the sort was visible; and when I asked a waiter if any one had been to inquire after a Miss Eyre, I was answered in the negative: so I had no resource but to request to be shown into a private room: and here I am waiting, while all sorts of doubts and fears are troubling my thoughts.

inquire after - informarsi sulle condizioni di un'altra persona

request - chiedere, richiesta, talian: t-needed

sorts - sorta, tipo

doubts - dubitare, dubbio, perplessita

troubling - preoccupante, (trouble), guaio, problema, impiccio, tumulto

It is a very strange sensation to inexperienced youth to feel itself quite alone in the world, cut adrift from every connection, uncertain whether the port to which it is bound can be reached, and prevented by many impediments from returning to that it has quitted.

inexperienced - imperito, inesperto, sprovveduto, incompetente

youth - gioventu, giovinezza, giovane, giovanotto, ragazzo

adrift - alla deriva

impediments - impedimento

The charm of adventure sweetens that sensation, the glow of pride warms it; but then the throb of fear disturbs it; and fear with me became predominant when half-an-hour elapsed and still I was alone. I bethought myself to ring the bell.

sweetens - addolcire, zuccherare

glow - brillare, alone, luminescenza, luccichio, calore

disturbs - disturbare

predominant - predominante, significativo, predominante (all)

bethought - pensare

ring - anello

"Is there a place in this neighbourhood called Thornfield?" I asked of the waiter who answered the summons.

"Thornfield? I don't know, ma'am; I'll inquire at the bar." He vanished, but reappeared instantly-

bar - barra, tavoletta, sbarra

reappeared - riapparire

"Is your name Eyre, Miss?"


"Person here waiting for you."

I jumped up, took my muff and umbrella, and hastened into the inn-passage: a man was standing by the open door, and in the lamp-lit street I dimly saw a one-horse conveyance.

jumped up - saltare su

standing by - in attesa

"This will be your luggage, I suppose?" said the man rather abruptly when he saw me, pointing to my trunk in the passage.

luggage - bagagli

"Yes." He hoisted it on to the vehicle, which was a sort of car, and then I got in; before he shut me up, I asked him how far it was to Thornfield.

"A matter of six miles."

"How long shall we be before we get there?"

"Happen an hour and a half."

He fastened the car door, climbed to his own seat outside, and we set off. Our progress was leisurely, and gave me ample time to reflect; I was content to be at length so near the end of my journey; and as I leaned back in the comfortable though not elegant conveyance, I meditated much at my ease.

car door - portiera della macchina

leisurely - con calma

reflect - riflettere, essere riflesso, seguire, evidenziare, riportare

elegant - ordine del giorno

meditated - meditare, filosofare, riflettere

"I suppose," thought I, "judging from the plainness of the servant and carriage, Mrs. Fairfax is not a very dashing person: so much the better; I never lived amongst fine people but once, and I was very miserable with them.

judging - giudicare

plainness - semplicita

dashing - lineetta, linea, scatto, spruzzo, pizzico, goccio, saltare

I wonder if she lives alone except this little girl; if so, and if she is in any degree amiable, I shall surely be able to get on with her; I will do my best; it is a pity that doing one's best does not always answer. At Lowood, indeed, I took that resolution, kept it, and succeeded in pleasing; but with Mrs. Reed, I remember my best was always spurned with scorn. I pray God Mrs.

resolution - determinazione, risolutezza, promessa, definizione, risoluzione

Pray - pregare

Fairfax may not turn out a second Mrs. Reed; but if she does, I am not bound to stay with her! let the worst come to the worst, I can advertise again. How far are we on our road now, I wonder?"

I let down the window and looked out; Millcote was behind us; judging by the number of its lights, it seemed a place of considerable magnitude, much larger than Lowton. We were now, as far as I could see, on a sort of common; but there were houses scattered all over the district; I felt we were in a different region to Lowood, more populous, less picturesque; more stirring, less romantic.

let down - sgonfiare

magnitude - vastita, magnitudine, module, magnitudo

district - distretto

populous - popoloso, popolosa

romantic - romantico

The roads were heavy, the night misty; my conductor let his horse walk all the way, and the hour and a half extended, I verily believe, to two hours; at last he turned in his seat and said-

conductor - direttore d'orchestra, conducente

verily - veramente, davvero, certamente

"You're noan so far fro'Thornfield now."

Again I looked out: we were passing a church; I saw its low broad tower against the sky, and its bell was tolling a quarter; I saw a narrow galaxy of lights too, on a hillside, marking a village or hamlet. About ten minutes after, the driver got down and opened a pair of gates: we passed through, and they clashed to behind us.

tolling - suonare

galaxy - galassia

hillside - collina

marking - marcatura, (mark), Marco

hamlet - casale, localita, villaggio, frazione

clashed - scontro, schermaglia, baruffa, zuffa, cozzare

We now slowly ascended a drive, and came upon the long front of a house: candlelight gleamed from one curtained bow-window; all the rest were dark. The car stopped at the front door; it was opened by a maid-servant; I alighted and went in.

ascended - salire, riuscire

candlelight - a lume di candela

curtained - tenda, tappezzeria, drappo, drappeggio

bow - inchinarsi, chinare il capo

"Will you walk this way, ma'am?" said the girl; and I followed her across a square hall with high doors all round: she ushered me into a room whose double illumination of fire and candle at first dazzled me, contrasting as it did with the darkness to which my eyes had been for two hours inured; when I could see, however, a cosy and agreeable picture presented itself to my view.

ushered - maschera, cerimoniere, usciere, messo, accompagnare, guidare

illumination - illuminazione

contrasting - contrasto, diversita

Inured - assuefare, abituare, acclimare, acclimatare

cosy - accogliente

A snug small room; a round table by a cheerful fire; an arm-chair high-backed and old-fashioned, wherein sat the neatest imaginable little elderly lady, in widow's cap, black silk gown, and snowy muslin apron; exactly like what I had fancied Mrs. Fairfax, only less stately and milder looking.

snug - confortevole

small room - una stanza piccola

fashioned - moda, voga, stile, maniera, modo, tendenza, fabbricare

neatest - preciso, ordinato

imaginable - immaginabile

apron - grembiule, piazzale

fancied - capriccio

milder - delicato, delicata, mite, lene, lieve

She was occupied in knitting; a large cat sat demurely at her feet; nothing in short was wanting to complete the beau-ideal of domestic comfort. A more reassuring introduction for a new governess could scarcely be conceived; there was no grandeur to overwhelm, no stateliness to embarrass; and then, as I entered, the old lady got up and promptly and kindly came forward to meet me.

knitting - lavoro a maglia, lavorazione a maglia

demurely - pudicamente

Beau - dandy

domestic - domestico

reassuring - rassicurare, tranquillizzare

introduction - introduzione

conceived - concepire, sviluppare, ideare

overwhelm - sommergere, schiacciare, dominare, travolgere, sopraffare

stateliness - statalita

embarrass - imbarazzare, mettere in imbarazzo

"How do you do, my dear? I am afraid you have had a tedious ride; John drives so slowly; you must be cold, come to the fire."

be cold - essere freddo

"Mrs. Fairfax, I suppose?" said I.

"Yes, you are right: do sit down."

She conducted me to her own chair, and then began to remove my shawl and untie my bonnet-strings; I begged she would not give herself so much trouble.

Untie - disfare, sciogliere, slegare, sciogliersi

"Oh, it is no trouble; I dare say your own hands are almost numbed with cold. Leah, make a little hot negus and cut a sandwich or two: here are the keys of the storeroom."

storeroom - magazzino

And she produced from her pocket a most housewifely bunch of keys, and delivered them to the servant.

housewifely - casalinga

bunch of keys - mazzo di chiavi

"Now, then, draw nearer to the fire," she continued. "You've brought your luggage with you, haven't you, my dear?"

"Yes, ma'am."

"I'll see it carried into your room," she said, and bustled out.

bustled - viavai, andirivieni, sottana, affaccendarsi, pullulare

"She treats me like a visitor," thought I. "I little expected such a reception; I anticipated only coldness and stiffness: this is not like what I have heard of the treatment of governesses; but I must not exult too soon."

treats - trattare, trattenimento, festeggiamento, sorpresa

reception - ricevimento, ricezione, accoglienza, reception

anticipated - anticipare, prevedere

stiffness - rigidezza, rigidita, inflessibilita

governesses - governante, istitutrice

She returned; with her own hands cleared her knitting apparatus and a book or two from the table, to make room for the tray which Leah now brought, and then herself handed me the refreshments.

apparatus - impianto, attrezzatura, apparecchio, sistema

I felt rather confused at being the object of more attention than I had ever before received, and, that too, shown by my employer and superior; but as she did not herself seem to consider she was doing anything out of her place, I thought it better to take her civilities quietly.

employer - datore di lavoro

superior - superiore, sovraordinato

Consider - considerare, pensare, osservare, prendere, prestare attenzione

civilities - civilta

"Shall I have the pleasure of seeing Miss Fairfax to-night?" I asked, when I had partaken of what she offered me.

partaken - partecipare

"What did you say, my dear? I am a little deaf," returned the good lady, approaching her ear to my mouth.

I repeated the question more distinctly.

"Miss Fairfax? Oh, you mean Miss Varens! Varens is the name of your future pupil."

"Indeed! Then she is not your daughter?"

"No,-I have no family."

I should have followed up my first inquiry, by asking in what way Miss Varens was connected with her; but I recollected it was not polite to ask too many questions: besides, I was sure to hear in time.

recollected - ricordarsi

polite to - gentile

"I am so glad," she continued, as she sat down opposite to me, and took the cat on her knee; "I am so glad you are come; it will be quite pleasant living here now with a companion.

To be sure it is pleasant at any time; for Thornfield is a fine old hall, rather neglected of late years perhaps, but still it is a respectable place; yet you know in winter-time one feels dreary quite alone in the best quarters.

I say alone-Leah is a nice girl to be sure, and John and his wife are very decent people; but then you see they are only servants, and one can't converse with them on terms of equality: one must keep them at due distance, for fear of losing one's authority.

decent - perbene, presentabile

I'm sure last winter (it was a very severe one, if you recollect, and when it did not snow, it rained and blew), not a creature but the butcher and postman came to the house, from November till February; and I really got quite melancholy with sitting night after night alone; I had Leah in to read to me sometimes; but I don't think the poor girl liked the task much: she felt it confining.

recollect - ricordarsi

blew - colpo

butcher - macellaio, (butch), maschiaccio

postman - postino

confining - limitare

In spring and summer one got on better: sunshine and long days make such a difference; and then, just at the commencement of this autumn, little Adela Varens came and her nurse: a child makes a house alive all at once; and now you are here I shall be quite gay."

My heart really warmed to the worthy lady as I heard her talk; and I drew my chair a little nearer to her, and expressed my sincere wish that she might find my company as agreeable as she anticipated.

"But I'll not keep you sitting up late to-night," said she; "it is on the stroke of twelve now, and you have been travelling all day: you must feel tired. If you have got your feet well warmed, I'll show you your bedroom.

sitting up - sedersi

stroke - colpo

I've had the room next to mine prepared for you; it is only a small apartment, but I thought you would like it better than one of the large front chambers: to be sure they have finer furniture, but they are so dreary and solitary, I never sleep in them myself."

I thanked her for her considerate choice, and as I really felt fatigued with my long journey, expressed my readiness to retire. She took her candle, and I followed her from the room. First she went to see if the hall-door was fastened; having taken the key from the lock, she led the way upstairs.

considerate - amichevole, cordiale, disponibile

choice - scelta, ottimo, ottima, di prima scelta

fatigued - stanchezza, affaticamento, corvé, usura

readiness - prontezza

The steps and banisters were of oak; the staircase window was high and latticed; both it and the long gallery into which the bedroom doors opened looked as if they belonged to a church rather than a house.

banisters - ringhiera

A very chill and vault-like air pervaded the stairs and gallery, suggesting cheerless ideas of space and solitude; and I was glad, when finally ushered into my chamber, to find it of small dimensions, and furnished in ordinary, modern style.

suggesting - proporre, suggerire

cheerless - senza allegria

dimensions - aspetto, dimensione

When Mrs. Fairfax had bidden me a kind good-night, and I had fastened my door, gazed leisurely round, and in some measure effaced the eerie impression made by that wide hall, that dark and spacious staircase, and that long, cold gallery, by the livelier aspect of my little room, I remembered that, after a day of bodily fatigue and mental anxiety, I was now at last in safe haven.

bidden - offrire, fare un'offerta

little room - una piccola stanza

The impulse of gratitude swelled my heart, and I knelt down at the bedside, and offered up thanks where thanks were due; not forgetting, ere I rose, to implore aid on my further path, and the power of meriting the kindness which seemed so frankly offered me before it was earned. My couch had no thorns in it that night; my solitary room no fears.

gratitude - gratitudine, riconoscenza

knelt - inginocchiarsi

bedside - letto

implore - implorare

meriting - merito, merto, meritare

frankly - francamente

earned - guadagnare

couch - divano

At once weary and content, I slept soon and soundly: when I awoke it was broad day.

The chamber looked such a bright little place to me as the sun shone in between the gay blue chintz window curtains, showing papered walls and a carpeted floor, so unlike the bare planks and stained plaster of Lowood, that my spirits rose at the view.

little place - piccolo posto

carpeted floor - pavimento in moquette

unlike - diverso

planks - tavola, asse

stained - macchia, chiazza, patacca, macchiare, intaccare, mordenzare

plaster - gesso, unguento, intonaco, calco

Externals have a great effect on the young: I thought that a fairer era of life was beginning for me, one that was to have its flowers and pleasures, as well as its thorns and toils. My faculties, roused by the change of scene, the new field offered to hope, seemed all astir.

externals - esterno

fairer - biondo, chiaro

era - era, epoca

pleasures - piacere, piacimento, goduria, volutta, preferenza, scelta

toils - lavoro, fatica, disputa, tenzone, litigio

change of scene - cambio di scena

astir - sveglia

I cannot precisely define what they expected, but it was something pleasant: not perhaps that day or that month, but at an indefinite future period.

define - definire, determinare, descrivere

I rose; I dressed myself with care: obliged to be plain-for I had no article of attire that was not made with extreme simplicity-I was still by nature solicitous to be neat. It was not my habit to be disregardful of appearance or careless of the impression I made: on the contrary, I ever wished to look as well as I could, and to please as much as my want of beauty would permit.

simplicity - semplicita

by nature - dalla natura

solicitous - sollecito

habit - abitudine

disregardful - noncurante

I sometimes regretted that I was not handsomer; I sometimes wished to have rosy cheeks, a straight nose, and small cherry mouth; I desired to be tall, stately, and finely developed in figure; I felt it a misfortune that I was so little, so pale, and had features so irregular and so marked. And why had I these aspirations and these regrets?

handsomer - bello

rosy - roseo

finely - finemente

misfortune - malasorte, disgrazia

aspirations - aspirazione

regrets - rimpiangere, rammaricarsi, pentirsi, rammarico, rimpianto

It would be difficult to say: I could not then distinctly say it to myself; yet I had a reason, and a logical, natural reason too. However, when I had brushed my hair very smooth, and put on my black frock-which, Quakerlike as it was, at least had the merit of fitting to a nicety-and adjusted my clean white tucker, I thought I should do respectably enough to appear before Mrs.

logical - logico

nicety - accuratezza, precisione

respectably - rispettabilmente

Fairfax, and that my new pupil would not at least recoil from me with antipathy. Having opened my chamber window, and seen that I left all things straight and neat on the toilet table, I ventured forth.

recoil - rinculo, ritrarsi, rinculare

Traversing the long and matted gallery, I descended the slippery steps of oak; then I gained the hall: I halted there a minute; I looked at some pictures on the walls (one, I remember, represented a grim man in a cuirass, and one a lady with powdered hair and a pearl necklace), at a bronze lamp pendent from the ceiling, at a great clock whose case was of oak curiously carved, and ebon black with time and rubbing. Everything appeared very stately and imposing to me; but then I was so little accustomed to grandeur. The hall-door, which was half of glass, stood open; I stepped over the threshold. It was a fine autumn morning; the early sun shone serenely on embrowned groves and still green fields; advancing on to the lawn, I looked up and surveyed the front of the mansion. It was three storeys high, of proportions not vast, though considerable: a gentleman's manor-house, not a nobleman's seat: battlements round the top gave it a picturesque look. Its grey front stood out well from the background of a rookery, whose cawing tenants were now on the wing: they flew over the lawn and grounds to alight in a great meadow, from which these were separated by a sunk fence, and where an array of mighty old thorn trees, strong, knotty, and broad as oaks, at once explained the etymology of the mansion's designation. Farther off were hills: not so lofty as those round Lowood, nor so craggy, nor so like barriers of separation from the living world; but yet quiet and lonely hills enough, and seeming to embrace Thornfield with a seclusion I had not expected to find existent so near the stirring locality of Millcote. A little hamlet, whose roofs were blent with trees, straggled up the side of one of these hills; the church of the district stood nearer Thornfield: its old tower-top looked over a knoll between the house and gates.

traversing - attraversare, (traverse), traversare

matted - opaco

slippery - scivoloso, sdrucciolevole

halted - fermare, fermarsi

cuirass - corazza

powdered - polvere

necklace - collana, girocollo

bronze - bronzo, bronzeo, abbronzato

curiously - curiosamente

ebon - ebano

rubbing - strofinare, (rub), strofinamento, fregare

stood open - stare aperto

threshold - soglia, soglia di casa, entrata, uscio

serenely - serenamente

embrowned - imbrunire

groves - boschetto, piantagione

advancing - avanzare, progredire, anticipare, migliorare, avvicinarsi

storeys - piano

proportions - proporzione

Manor - tenuta, signoria

nobleman - nobiluomo, nobile

battlements - talian: t-needed

background - sfondo

Rookery - colonia, zona di nidificazione

cawing - gracchiare, (caw), gracchio

tenants - affittuario, inquilino

flew over - sorvolare

alight - scendere

meadow - prato

sunk - affondato, (sink), affondare

fence - recinto, steccato, palizzata, cinta

array - abbigliamento, agghindamento, schieramento, combinato, gamma

thorn - spina, aculeo

knotty - nodoso

oaks - quercia

etymology - etimologia

designation - indicazione, designazione, appellativo, utilizzo

lofty - maestoso, alto, nobile

craggy - scosceso

barriers - barriera, limite

seclusion - isolamento

existent - esistente

locality - localita

roofs - tetto

blent - miscela, combinazione, mix, amalgama, mescolare

straggled - distaccarsi, disperdersi, girovagare, sparpagliarsi

knoll - collinetta

I was yet enjoying the calm prospect and pleasant fresh air, yet listening with delight to the cawing of the rooks, yet surveying the wide, hoary front of the hall, and thinking what a great place it was for one lonely little dame like Mrs. Fairfax to inhabit, when that lady appeared at the door.

rooks - cornacchia

inhabit - abitare

"What! out already?" said she. "I see you are an early riser." I went up to her, and was received with an affable kiss and shake of the hand.

early riser - mattiniero

affable - affabile, bonario, amabile

"How do you like Thornfield?" she asked. I told her I liked it very much.

"Yes," she said, "it is a pretty place; but I fear it will be getting out of order, unless Mr. Rochester should take it into his head to come and reside here permanently; or, at least, visit it rather oftener: great houses and fine grounds require the presence of the proprietor."

reside - risiedere

require - esigere, prevedere, richiedere, necessitare, domandare

Proprietor - proprietario

"Mr. Rochester!" I exclaimed. "Who is he?"

"The owner of Thornfield," she responded quietly. "Did you not know he was called Rochester?"

Of course I did not-I had never heard of him before; but the old lady seemed to regard his existence as a universally understood fact, with which everybody must be acquainted by instinct.

acquainted - familiarizzarsi

"I thought," I continued, "Thornfield belonged to you."

"To me? Bless you, child; what an idea! To me! I am only the housekeeper-the manager. To be sure I am distantly related to the Rochesters by the mother's side, or at least my husband was; he was a clergyman, incumbent of Hay-that little village yonder on the hill-and that church near the gates was his. The present Mr.

distantly - distante

incumbent - obbligatorio, imminente, incalzante, predominante, titolare

Hay - fieno

yonder - laggiu

Rochester's mother was a Fairfax, and second cousin to my husband: but I never presume on the connection-in fact, it is nothing to me; I consider myself quite in the light of an ordinary housekeeper: my employer is always civil, and I expect nothing more."

civil - civile

"And the little girl-my pupil!"

"She is Mr. Rochester's ward; he commissioned me to find a governess for her. He intended to have her brought up in ---shire, I believe. Here she comes, with her 'bonne,'as she calls her nurse." The enigma then was explained: this affable and kind little widow was no great dame; but a dependant like myself.

ward - corsia, reparto

enigma - enigma, indovinello

dependant - dipendente

I did not like her the worse for that; on the contrary, I felt better pleased than ever. The equality between her and me was real; not the mere result of condescension on her part: so much the better-my position was all the freer.

condescension - condiscendenza

As I was meditating on this discovery, a little girl, followed by her attendant, came running up the lawn. I looked at my pupil, who did not at first appear to notice me: she was quite a child, perhaps seven or eight years old, slightly built, with a pale, small-featured face, and a redundancy of hair falling in curls to her waist.

meditating - meditare, filosofare, riflettere

running up - correre, aumentare un debito

redundancy - ridondanza, copiosita, eccessivita

"Good morning, Miss Adela," said Mrs. Fairfax. "Come and speak to the lady who is to teach you, and to make you a clever woman some day." She approached.

"C'est ma gouverante!" said she, pointing to me, and addressing her nurse; who answered-

est - Eastern Standard Time, English subtitles

- la

"Mais oui, certainement."

oui - ordine del giorno

certainement - ordine del giorno

"Are they foreigners?" I inquired, amazed at hearing the French language.

foreigners - straniero, straniera

amazed - sorprendere

"The nurse is a foreigner, and Adela was born on the Continent; and, I believe, never left it till within six months ago. When she first came here she could speak no English; now she can make shift to talk it a little: I don't understand her, she mixes it so with French; but you will make out her meaning very well, I dare say."

Continent - continente

shift - cambio, turno, mutamento, spostamento, scambiare, permutare

mixes - mescolare, mischiare

Fortunately I had had the advantage of being taught French by a French lady; and as I had always made a point of conversing with Madame Pierrot as often as I could, and had besides, during the last seven years, learnt a portion of French by heart daily-applying myself to take pains with my accent, and imitating as closely as possible the pronunciation of my teacher, I had acquired a certain degree of readiness and correctness in the language, and was not likely to be much at a loss with Mademoiselle Adela. She came and shook hand with me when she heard that I was her governess; and as I led her in to breakfast, I addressed some phrases to her in her own tongue: she replied briefly at first, but after we were seated at the table, and she had examined me some ten minutes with her large hazel eyes, she suddenly commenced chattering fluently.

conversing - conversare

applying - applicare

imitating - imitare

correctness - correttezza

Mademoiselle - courtesy title for an unmarried woman in France or a French-speaking country

briefly - concisamente, brevemente

hazel - nocciolo, legno di nocciolo, nocciola

chattering - chiacchierare

fluently - correntemente

"Ah!" cried she, in French, "you speak my language as well as Mr. Rochester does: I can talk to you as I can to him, and so can Sophie. She will be glad: nobody here understands her: Madame Fairfax is all English. Sophie is my nurse; she came with me over the sea in a great ship with a chimney that smoked-how it did smoke!-and I was sick, and so was Sophie, and so was Mr. Rochester. Mr.

Rochester lay down on a sofa in a pretty room called the salon, and Sophie and I had little beds in another place. I nearly fell out of mine; it was like a shelf. And Mademoiselle-what is your name?"

salon - salone, sala, salotto, galleria

another place - un altro luogo

fell out - cadere

"Eyre-Jane Eyre."

"Aire? Bah! I cannot say it. Well, our ship stopped in the morning, before it was quite daylight, at a great city-a huge city, with very dark houses and all smoky; not at all like the pretty clean town I came from; and Mr.

smoky - fumoso

Rochester carried me in his arms over a plank to the land, and Sophie came after, and we all got into a coach, which took us to a beautiful large house, larger than this and finer, called an hotel.

plank - tavola, asse

We stayed there nearly a week: I and Sophie used to walk every day in a great green place full of trees, called the Park; and there were many children there besides me, and a pond with beautiful birds in it, that I fed with crumbs."

pond - stagno

"Can you understand her when she runs on so fast?" asked Mrs. Fairfax.

I understood her very well, for I had been accustomed to the fluent tongue of Madame Pierrot.

fluent - fluido

"I wish," continued the good lady, "you would ask her a question or two about her parents: I wonder if she remembers them?"

"Adčle," I inquired, "with whom did you live when you were in that pretty clean town you spoke of?"

"I lived long ago with mama; but she is gone to the Holy Virgin. Mama used to teach me to dance and sing, and to say verses. A great many gentlemen and ladies came to see mama, and I used to dance before them, or to sit on their knees and sing to them: I liked it. Shall I let you hear me sing now?"

holy - sacro, santo, immacolato

Virgin - vergine

verses - verso, strofa

She had finished her breakfast, so I permitted her to give a specimen of her accomplishments. descending from her chair, she came and placed herself on my knee; then, folding her little hands demurely before her, shaking back her curls and lifting her eyes to the ceiling, she commenced singing a song from some opera.

specimen - campione, esemplare

descending from - derivare da

folding - piegare

It was the strain of a forsaken lady, who, after bewailing the perfidy of her lover, calls pride to her aid; desires her attendant to deck her in her brightest jewels and richest robes, and resolves to meet the false one that night at a ball, and prove to him, by the gaiety of her demeanour, how little his desertion has affected her.

strain - sforzare, sforzarsi, tirare

forsaken - abbandonare, rinunciare

bewailing - lamento

perfidy - perfidia

lover - amante

desires - desiderare, volere, desiderio, voglia

deck - ponte (di una nave), insieme (matematico), mazzo (di carte)

brightest - luminoso, brillante

jewels - gemma, gioiello

robes - veste, abito

Resolves - decidere

demeanour - comportamento

desertion - diserzione

affected - avere effetto su

The subject seemed strangely chosen for an infant singer; but I suppose the point of the exhibition lay in hearing the notes of love and jealousy warbled with the lisp of childhood; and in very bad taste that point was: at least I thought so.

exhibition - mostra, esposizione

jealousy - gelosia

warbled - gorgheggiare, trillare

lisp - zeppola, lisca, esse moscia, pronuncia blesa

Adčle sang the canzonette tunefully enough, and with the naďveté of her age. This achieved, she jumped from my knee and said, "Now, Mademoiselle, I will repeat you some poetry."

canzonette - ordine del giorno

tunefully - in modo armonioso

naďveté - ingenuita

achieved - realizzare, ottenere

jumped - saltare, far saltare

poetry - poesia

Assuming an attitude, she began, "La Ligue des Rats: fable de La Fontaine." She then declaimed the little piece with an attention to punctuation and emphasis, a flexibility of voice and an appropriateness of gesture, very unusual indeed at her age, and which proved she had been carefully trained.

rats - ratto

fable - fiaba

declaimed - declamare

punctuation - punteggiatura, interpunzione

emphasis - enfasi, risalto

flexibility - flessibilita

appropriateness - adeguatezza

"Was it your mama who taught you that piece?" I asked.

"Yes, and she just used to say it in this way: 'Qu'avez vous donc? lui dit un de ces rats; parlez!' She made me lift my hand-so-to remind me to raise my voice at the question. Now shall I dance for you?"

avez - ordine del giorno

vous - ordine del giorno

donc - ordine del giorno

un - ONU

de - ordine del giorno

parlez - ordine del giorno

raise - alzare, innalzare

"No, that will do: but after your mama went to the Holy Virgin, as you say, with whom did you live then?"

"With Madame Frédéric and her husband: she took care of me, but she is nothing related to me. I think she is poor, for she had not so fine a house as mama. I was not long there. Mr. Rochester asked me if I would like to go and live with him in England, and I said yes; for I knew Mr.

took care - prendersi cura

Rochester before I knew Madame Frédéric, and he was always kind to me and gave me pretty dresses and toys: but you see he has not kept his word, for he has brought me to England, and now he is gone back again himself, and I never see him."

gone back - e tornato indietro

After breakfast, Adčle and I withdrew to the library, which room, it appears, Mr. Rochester had directed should be used as the schoolroom. Most of the books were locked up behind glass doors; but there was one bookcase left open containing everything that could be needed in the way of elementary works, and several volumes of light literature, poetry, biography, travels, a few romances, &c.

left open - lasciare aperto

elementary - elementare

volumes - volume

literature - letteratura

biography - biografia

romances - storia d'amore, romanticheria, idillio, poesia

I suppose he had considered that these were all the governess would require for her private perusal; and, indeed, they contented me amply for the present; compared with the scanty pickings I had now and then been able to glean at Lowood, they seemed to offer an abundant harvest of entertainment and information.

amply - ampiamente

pickings - scegliere

glean - spigolare

harvest - stagione della mietitura, mietitura, messe, raccolto, frutto

In this room, too, there was a cabinet piano, quite new and of superior tone; also an easel for painting and a pair of globes.

cabinet - armadio, guardaroba, pensile, contenitore, consiglio, gabinetto

easel - cavalletto, treppiedi

I found my pupil sufficiently docile, though disinclined to apply: she had not been used to regular occupation of any kind. I felt it would be injudicious to confine her too much at first; so, when I had talked to her a great deal, and got her to learn a little, and when the morning had advanced to noon, I allowed her to return to her nurse.

docile - docile, mansueto, obbediente

disinclined - disincentivare

regular occupation - occupazione regolare

injudicious - ingiustificato

confine - limitare

I then proposed to occupy myself till dinner-time in drawing some little sketches for her use.

proposed - proporre, proporre il matrimonio

occupy - occupare

sketches - abbozzare, schizzare, delineare, sunteggiare, sintetizzare

As I was going upstairs to fetch my portfolio and pencils, Mrs. Fairfax called to me: "Your morning school-hours are over now, I suppose," said she. She was in a room the folding-doors of which stood open: I went in when she addressed me.

portfolio - cartella, portfolio, portafoglio

folding-doors - (folding-doors) porte a soffietto

It was a large, stately apartment, with purple chairs and curtains, a Turkey carpet, walnut-panelled walls, one vast window rich in slanted glass, and a lofty ceiling, nobly moulded. Mrs. Fairfax was dusting some vases of fine purple spar, which stood on a sideboard.

turkey - tacchino, tacchina

walnut - noce

panelled - pannello, sportello, anta, organo, giuria, vignetta

slanted - pendenza, inclinazione, pendio, tendenza, angolatura

nobly - nobilmente

moulded - terriccio

vases - vaso

spar - asta

sideboard - credenza

"What a beautiful room!" I exclaimed, as I looked round; for I had never before seen any half so imposing.

"Yes; this is the dining-room. I have just opened the window, to let in a little air and sunshine; for everything gets so damp in apartments that are seldom inhabited; the drawing-room yonder feels like a vault."

dining - cenare

let in - far entrare qualcuno

She pointed to a wide arch corresponding to the window, and hung like it with a Tyrian-dyed curtain, now looped up. Mounting to it by two broad steps, and looking through, I thought I caught a glimpse of a fairy place, so bright to my novice-eyes appeared the view beyond.

arch - arco, arcata

dyed - tingere, colorare

looped - passante, riccio, anello, blocco iterativo, checkiterazione

mounting - montaggio

looking through - guardare attraverso

novice - principiante

Yet it was merely a very pretty drawing-room, and within it a boudoir, both spread with white carpets, on which seemed laid brilliant garlands of flowers; both ceiled with snowy mouldings of white grapes and vine-leaves, beneath which glowed in rich contrast crimson couches and ottomans; while the ornaments on the pale Parian mantelpiece were of sparkling Bohemian glass, ruby red; and between the windows large mirrors repeated the general blending of snow and fire.

merely - soltanto, solamente, meramente, semplicemente

carpets - tappeto, moquette, coprire

garlands - ghirlanda

mouldings - stampaggio

grapes - uva, chicco d'uva

vine - vite, vitigno, rampicante

contrast - contrasto, diversita

couches - divano

ottomans - Ottomano

Bohemian - Bohemien

ruby - rubino, di rubini

blending - miscelazione, (blend), miscela, combinazione, mix, amalgama

"In what order you keep these rooms, Mrs. Fairfax!" said I. "No dust, no canvas coverings: except that the air feels chilly, one would think they were inhabited daily."

coverings - copertura

"Why, Miss Eyre, though Mr. Rochester's visits here are rare, they are always sudden and unexpected; and as I observed that it put him out to find everything swathed up, and to have a bustle of arrangement on his arrival, I thought it best to keep the rooms in readiness."

rare - raro

unexpected - inaspettato, insperato, inatteso, improvviso

swathed - avvolgere

bustle - viavai, andirivieni, sottana, affaccendarsi, pullulare

"Is Mr. Rochester an exacting, fastidious sort of man?"

fastidious - pignolo, meticoloso, precisino

"Not particularly so; but he has a gentleman's tastes and habits, and he expects to have things managed in conformity to them."

expects - aspettarsi, pensare

managed - dirigere, managgiare, riuscire, arrangiarsi, maneggiare

"Do you like him? Is he generally liked?"

"Oh, yes; the family have always been respected here. Almost all the land in this neighbourhood, as far as you can see, has belonged to the Rochesters time out of mind."

time out - time out

"Well, but, leaving his land out of the question, do you like him? Is he liked for himself?"

"I have no cause to do otherwise than like him; and I believe he is considered a just and liberal landlord by his tenants: but he has never lived much amongst them."

liberal - liberale

landlord - proprietario

"But has he no peculiarities? What, in short, is his character?"

peculiarities - peculiarita

"Oh! his character is unimpeachable, I suppose. He is rather peculiar, perhaps: he has travelled a great deal, and seen a great deal of the world, I should think. I dare say he is clever, but I never had much conversation with him."

unimpeachable - ineccepibile

peculiar - strano, peculiare, particolare

"In what way is he peculiar?"

"I don't know-it is not easy to describe-nothing striking, but you feel it when he speaks to you; you cannot be always sure whether he is in jest or earnest, whether he is pleased or the contrary; you don't thoroughly understand him, in short-at least, I don't: but it is of no consequence, he is a very good master."

jest - burla, scherzo

consequence - conseguenza

This was all the account I got from Mrs. Fairfax of her employer and mine. There are people who seem to have no notion of sketching a character, or observing and describing salient points, either in persons or things: the good lady evidently belonged to this class; my queries puzzled, but did not draw her out. Mr. Rochester was Mr.

sketching - abbozzare, schizzare, delineare, sunteggiare, sintetizzare

observing - osservare

salient - saliente, rilevante, degno di nota, pertinente

queries - interrogativo, domanda, quesito, richiesta, query, chiedere

Rochester in her eyes; a gentleman, a landed proprietor-nothing more: she inquired and searched no further, and evidently wondered at my wish to gain a more definite notion of his identity.

searched - ricerca, cercare, buscare

identity - identita

When we left the dining-room, she proposed to show me over the rest of the house; and I followed her upstairs and downstairs, admiring as I went; for all was well arranged and handsome. The large front chambers I thought especially grand: and some of the third-storey rooms, though dark and low, were interesting from their air of antiquity.

grand - grandioso

storey - piano

antiquity - antichita

The furniture once appropriated to the lower apartments had from time to time been removed here, as fashions changed: and the imperfect light entering by their narrow casement showed bedsteads of a hundred years old; chests in oak or walnut, looking, with their strange carvings of palm branches and cherubs'heads, like types of the Hebrew ark; rows of venerable chairs, high-backed and narrow; stools still more antiquated, on whose cushioned tops were yet apparent traces of half-effaced embroideries, wrought by fingers that for two generations had been coffin-dust. All these relics gave to the third storey of Thornfield Hall the aspect of a home of the past: a shrine of memory. I liked the hush, the gloom, the quaintness of these retreats in the day; but I by no means coveted a night's repose on one of those wide and heavy beds: shut in, some of them, with doors of oak; shaded, others, with wrought old English hangings crusted with thick work, portraying effigies of strange flowers, and stranger birds, and strangest human beings,-all which would have looked strange, indeed, by the pallid gleam of moonlight.

appropriated - apposito, appropriato

fashions - moda, voga, stile, maniera, modo, tendenza, fabbricare

bedsteads - sponda, telaio

chests - petto

carvings - intaglio

palm - palma, palmo

Cherubs - cherubino

Hebrew - ebraico, ebreo, ebrea

ark - arca

venerable - venerabile, venerando, onorevole, rispettabile, sacro

antiquated - antiquato

tops - cima, sommita, coperchio, cappuccio, parte superiore, top

apparent - apparente, visibile, evidente, chiaro

embroideries - ricamo

generations - generazione

shrine - reliquiario, santuario, edicola

quaintness - pittoreschi

retreats - ritirarsi

coveted - concupire, bramare

shaded - agone, alosa

crusted - crosta

portraying - ritrarre, dipingere

effigies - effigie

Strangest - strano, anormale

pallid - pallido

"Do the servants sleep in these rooms?" I asked.

"No; they occupy a range of smaller apartments to the back; no one ever sleeps here: one would almost say that, if there were a ghost at Thornfield Hall, this would be its haunt."

haunt - infestare, tormentare, ritrovo

"So I think: you have no ghost, then?"

"None that I ever heard of," returned Mrs. Fairfax, smiling.

"Nor any traditions of one? no legends or ghost stories?"

traditions - tradizione

legends - legenda, leggenda, favola, epopea

ghost stories - storie di fantasmi

"I believe not. And yet it is said the Rochesters have been rather a violent than a quiet race in their time: perhaps, though, that is the reason they rest tranquilly in their graves now."

tranquilly - tranquillamente

"Yes-'after life's fitful fever they sleep well,'" I muttered. "Where are you going now, Mrs. Fairfax?" for she was moving away.

fitful - a singhiozzo, irregolare, rapsodico, sporadico

moving away - allontanarsi

"On to the leads; will you come and see the view from thence?" I followed still, up a very narrow staircase to the attics, and thence by a ladder and through a trap-door to the roof of the hall. I was now on a level with the crow colony, and could see into their nests.

leads - condurre, portare

attics - soffitta, solaio

ladder - scala, smagliatura

trap-door - (trap-door) botola

crow - corvo

colony - colonia

Leaning over the battlements and looking far down, I surveyed the grounds laid out like a map: the bright and velvet lawn closely girdling the grey base of the mansion; the field, wide as a park, dotted with its ancient timber; the wood, dun and sere, divided by a path visibly overgrown, greener with moss than the trees were with foliage; the church at the gates, the road, the tranquil hills, all reposing in the autumn day's sun; the horizon bounded by a propitious sky, azure, marbled with pearly white. No feature in the scene was extraordinary, but all was pleasing. When I turned from it and repassed the trap-door, I could scarcely see my way down the ladder; the attic seemed black as a vault compared with that arch of blue air to which I had been looking up, and to that sunlit scene of grove, pasture, and green hill, of which the hall was the centre, and over which I had been gazing with delight.

dotted - punto

ancient - antico

timber - legname

visibly - visibilmente

overgrown - crescere eccessivamente

reposing - riposo

Propitious - propizio

Azure - azzurro

marbled - marmo, biglia, pallina

pearly - perlaceo

repassed - ripassare

trap - trappola

sunlit - illuminato dal sole

pasture - pastura, pascolo, pascolare

gazing - fissare, guardare, puntare gli occhi, volgere lo sguardo

Mrs. Fairfax stayed behind a moment to fasten the trap-door; I, by drift of groping, found the outlet from the attic, and proceeded to descend the narrow garret staircase.

fasten - chiudere, fissare, attaccare

groping - tastare, palpeggiare, palpare

outlet - sbocco

garret - soffitta, solaio

I lingered in the long passage to which this led, separating the front and back rooms of the third storey: narrow, low, and dim, with only one little window at the far end, and looking, with its two rows of small black doors all shut, like a corridor in some Bluebeard's castle.

Bluebeard - talian: t-needed

castle - castello

While I paced softly on, the last sound I expected to hear in so still a region, a laugh, struck my ear. It was a curious laugh; distinct, formal, mirthless. I stopped: the sound ceased, only for an instant; it began again, louder: for at first, though distinct, it was very low.

paced - passo

mirthless - senza gioia

louder - forte, alto

It passed off in a clamorous peal that seemed to wake an echo in every lonely chamber; though it originated but in one, and I could have pointed out the door whence the accents issued.

clamorous - clamoroso

peal - suono (di campane)

Echo - eco

originated - originare, dare origine, avere origine

issued - emissione, fuoriuscita, esito, questione, problematica

"Mrs. Fairfax!" I called out: for I now heard her descending the great stairs. "Did you hear that loud laugh? Who is it?"

"Some of the servants, very likely," she answered: "perhaps Grace Poole."

"Did you hear it?" I again inquired.

"Yes, plainly: I often hear her: she sews in one of these rooms. Sometimes Leah is with her; they are frequently noisy together."

sews - cucire

noisy - rumoroso, chiassoso

The laugh was repeated in its low, syllabic tone, and terminated in an odd murmur.

syllabic - sillabico

"Grace!" exclaimed Mrs. Fairfax.

I really did not expect any Grace to answer; for the laugh was as tragic, as preternatural a laugh as any I ever heard; and, but that it was high noon, and that no circumstance of ghostliness accompanied the curious cachinnation; but that neither scene nor season favoured fear, I should have been superstitiously afraid.

tragic - tragico

ghostliness - fantasmagoria

accompanied - accompagnare

cachinnation - cachinatura

favoured - favore

superstitiously - superstiziosamente

However, the event showed me I was a fool for entertaining a sense even of surprise.

fool - stolto, buffone, giullare, pagliaccio, buffone di corte, matto

entertaining - divertente, (entertain), divertire

The door nearest me opened, and a servant came out,-a woman of between thirty and forty; a set, square-made figure, red-haired, and with a hard, plain face: any apparition less romantic or less ghostly could scarcely be conceived.

haired - capelli

ghostly - spettrale, fantasmatico, spiritico

"Too much noise, Grace," said Mrs. Fairfax. "Remember directions!" Grace curtseyed silently and went in.

curtseyed - riverenza, inchino, fare la riverenza, fare l'inchino

"She is a person we have to sew and assist Leah in her housemaid's work," continued the widow; "not altogether unobjectionable in some points, but she does well enough. By-the-bye, how have you got on with your new pupil this morning?"

assist - assistere, aiutare, assistenza, aiuto, assist

altogether - del tutto, nel complesso

unobjectionable - inoppugnabile

The conversation, thus turned on Adčle, continued till we reached the light and cheerful region below. Adčle came running to meet us in the hall, exclaiming-

running to meet - correre per incontrarsi

"Mesdames, vous ętes servies!" adding, "J'ai bien faim, moi!"

Mesdames - Senora

ętes - etes

servies - servizi

bien - ordine del giorno

faim - ordine del giorno

We found dinner ready, and waiting for us in Mrs. Fairfax's room.


The promise of a smooth career, which my first calm introduction to Thornfield Hall seemed to pledge, was not belied on a longer acquaintance with the place and its inmates. Mrs. Fairfax turned out to be what she appeared, a placid-tempered, kind-natured woman, of competent education and average intelligence.

belied - smentire

tempered - carattere, temperamento

natured - natura

competent - competente

average - media

intelligence - intelligenza

My pupil was a lively child, who had been spoilt and indulged, and therefore was sometimes wayward; but as she was committed entirely to my care, and no injudicious interference from any quarter ever thwarted my plans for her improvement, she soon forgot her little freaks, and became obedient and teachable.

spoilt - guastato, viziato, (spoil), rovinare, viziare, andare a male, bottino

wayward - contrario, ribelle, ostinato, disobbediente

committed - affidare, impegnarsi, arrestare, imprigionare, ricoverare

freaks - fenomeno, capriccio

teachable - insegnabile

She had no great talents, no marked traits of character, no peculiar development of feeling or taste which raised her one inch above the ordinary level of childhood; but neither had she any deficiency or vice which sunk her below it.

traits - caratteristica, tratto

development - sviluppo, potenziamento

She made reasonable progress, entertained for me a vivacious, though perhaps not very profound, affection; and by her simplicity, gay prattle, and efforts to please, inspired me, in return, with a degree of attachment sufficient to make us both content in each other's society.

reasonable - ragionevole, moderato

vivacious - vivace

prattle - blaterare, parlare a vanvera

sufficient - appropriato, sufficiente, idoneo, adeguato, congruo

This, par parenthčse, will be thought cool language by persons who entertain solemn doctrines about the angelic nature of children, and the duty of those charged with their education to conceive for them an idolatrous devotion: but I am not writing to flatter parental egotism, to echo cant, or prop up humbug; I am merely telling the truth.

parenthčse - parenthese

entertain - divertire

idolatrous - idolatrico

devotion - devozione

parental - parentale

egotism - egoismo

cant - linguaggio ipocrita

prop up - sostenere

humbug - imbroglio

I felt a conscientious solicitude for Adčle's welfare and progress, and a quiet liking for her little self: just as I cherished towards Mrs. Fairfax a thankfulness for her kindness, and a pleasure in her society proportionate to the tranquil regard she had for me, and the moderation of her mind and character.

conscientious - coscienzioso

solicitude - sollecitudine

welfare - benessere, bene

thankfulness - gratitudine

moderation - moderazione

Anybody may blame me who likes, when I add further, that, now and then, when I took a walk by myself in the grounds; when I went down to the gates and looked through them along the road; or when, while Adčle played with her nurse, and Mrs.

blame - incolpare

looked through - guardato attraverso

Fairfax made jellies in the storeroom, I climbed the three staircases, raised the trap-door of the attic, and having reached the leads, looked out afar over sequestered field and hill, and along dim sky-line-that then I longed for a power of vision which might overpass that limit; which might reach the busy world, towns, regions full of life I had heard of but never seen-that then I desired more of practical experience than I possessed; more of intercourse with my kind, of acquaintance with variety of character, than was here within my reach. I valued what was good in Mrs. Fairfax, and what was good in Adčle; but I believed in the existence of other and more vivid kinds of goodness, and what I believed in I wished to behold.

jellies - gelatina

staircases - scalinata, tromba delle scale

sequestered - sequestro

overpass - cavalcavia, viadotto, sovrappasso

practical experience - esperienza pratica

vivid - chiaro, limpido

Who blames me? Many, no doubt; and I shall be called discontented. I could not help it: the restlessness was in my nature; it agitated me to pain sometimes.

blames - incolpare

discontented - malcontento, scontentezza

restlessness - irrequietudine, esagitazione, smania, irrequietezza

Then my sole relief was to walk along the corridor of the third storey, backwards and forwards, safe in the silence and solitude of the spot, and allow my mind's eye to dwell on whatever bright visions rose before it-and, certainly, they were many and glowing; to let my heart be heaved by the exultant movement, which, while it swelled it in trouble, expanded it with life; and, best of all, to open my inward ear to a tale that was never ended-a tale my imagination created, and narrated continuously; quickened with all of incident, life, fire, feeling, that I desired and had not in my actual existence.

backwards - indietro, retromarcia, riluttante, antiquato, fuori moda

forwards - avanti, in avanti

visions - vista, acutezza visiva, visione, allucinazione, miraggio

exultant - esultante

expanded - estendere, espandere, dettagliare, dilungare, sviluppare

quickened - accelerare

actual - reale, effettivo, concreto, esistente, attuale, corrente

It is in vain to say human beings ought to be satisfied with tranquillity: they must have action; and they will make it if they cannot find it. Millions are condemned to a stiller doom than mine, and millions are in silent revolt against their lot. Nobody knows how many rebellions besides political rebellions ferment in the masses of life which people earth.

be satisfied - essere soddisfatto

rebellions - ribellione

political - politico

ferment - fermentare

masses - massa

Women are supposed to be very calm generally: but women feel just as men feel; they need exercise for their faculties, and a field for their efforts, as much as their brothers do; they suffer from too rigid a restraint, too absolute a stagnation, precisely as men would suffer; and it is narrow-minded in their more privileged fellow-creatures to say that they ought to confine themselves to making puddings and knitting stockings, to playing on the piano and embroidering bags. It is thoughtless to condemn them, or laugh at them, if they seek to do more or learn more than custom has pronounced necessary for their sex.

absolute - assoluto

stagnation - stagnazione, ristagno

more privileged - piu priviegiato

puddings - sanguinaccio, budino

embroidering - ricamare, abbellire, indorare

thoughtless - sconsiderato

condemn - condannare

custom - usanza, costume, uso, personalizzato, fatto ad hoc

sex - sesso

When thus alone, I not unfrequently heard Grace Poole's laugh: the same peal, the same low, slow ha! ha! which, when first heard, had thrilled me: I heard, too, her eccentric murmurs; stranger than her laugh. There were days when she was quite silent; but there were others when I could not account for the sounds she made.

ha - Ja

eccentric - eccentrico

murmurs - mormorio, brusio, sussurro, mormorare

Sometimes I saw her: she would come out of her room with a basin, or a plate, or a tray in her hand, go down to the kitchen and shortly return, generally (oh, romantic reader, forgive me for telling the plain truth!) bearing a pot of porter.

pot - pentola, vaso

Her appearance always acted as a damper to the curiosity raised by her oral oddities: hard-featured and staid, she had no point to which interest could attach. I made some attempts to draw her into conversation, but she seemed a person of few words: a monosyllabic reply usually cut short every effort of that sort.

damper - smorzatore, farfalla, (damp), umido, bagnato, madido, umidita

oral - orale

oddities - stranezza

attach - legare

attempts - tentare, cercare, provare, attentare, tentativo

monosyllabic - monosillabico

cut short - interrompere

The other members of the household, viz.

viz - ordine del giorno

, John and his wife, Leah the housemaid, and Sophie the French nurse, were decent people; but in no respect remarkable; with Sophie I used to talk French, and sometimes I asked her questions about her native country; but she was not of a descriptive or narrative turn, and generally gave such vapid and confused answers as were calculated rather to check than encourage inquiry.

native country - paese d'origine

descriptive - descrittivo

vapid - insulso, scialbo, banale, insignificante, insipido, scipito

encourage - incoraggiare, raccomandare, esortare, favorire

October, November, December passed away. One afternoon in January, Mrs. Fairfax had begged a holiday for Adčle, because she had a cold; and, as Adčle seconded the request with an ardour that reminded me how precious occasional holidays had been to me in my own childhood, I accorded it, deeming that I did well in showing pliability on the point.

ardour - ardore, fervore

reminded - ricordare

occasional - occasionale

accorded - accordo

pliability - duttilita

It was a fine, calm day, though very cold; I was tired of sitting still in the library through a whole long morning: Mrs. Fairfax had just written a letter which was waiting to be posted, so I put on my bonnet and cloak and volunteered to carry it to Hay; the distance, two miles, would be a pleasant winter afternoon walk. Having seen Adčle comfortably seated in her little chair by Mrs.

volunteered - volontario, volontaria, offrirsi, offrirsi volontario

Fairfax's parlour fireside, and given her her best wax doll (which I usually kept enveloped in silver paper in a drawer) to play with, and a story-book for change of amusement; and having replied to her "Revenez bientôt, ma bonne amie, ma chčre Mdlle. Jeannette," with a kiss I set out.

wax - cerume

silver paper - carta stagnola

amusement - divertimento, intrattenimento, festeggiamento

bientôt - ordine del giorno

chčre - chere

The ground was hard, the air was still, my road was lonely; I walked fast till I got warm, and then I walked slowly to enjoy and analyse the species of pleasure brooding for me in the hour and situation. It was three o'clock; the church bell tolled as I passed under the belfry: the charm of the hour lay in its approaching dimness, in the low-gliding and pale-beaming sun.

church bell - campana della chiesa

tolled - suonare

belfry - campanile

dimness - oscurita

gliding - planare, (glide), scivolare, slittare, scorrere

I was a mile from Thornfield, in a lane noted for wild roses in summer, for nuts and blackberries in autumn, and even now possessing a few coral treasures in hips and haws, but whose best winter delight lay in its utter solitude and leafless repose.

lane - passaggio, corsia

blackberries - rovo, mora, mora di rovo

possessing - possedere, avere

coral - corallo, corallino, corallina

hips - anca

If a breath of air stirred, it made no sound here; for there was not a holly, not an evergreen to rustle, and the stripped hawthorn and hazel bushes were as still as the white, worn stones which causewayed the middle of the path.

holly - agrifoglio

evergreen - sempreverde

rustle - crepitare

hawthorn - biancospino

hazel bushes - cespugli di nocciolo

causewayed - strada rialzata, selciato, lastricato

Far and wide, on each side, there were only fields, where no cattle now browsed; and the little brown birds, which stirred occasionally in the hedge, looked like single russet leaves that had forgotten to drop.

browsed - sopracciglia

hedge - siepe

This lane inclined up-hill all the way to Hay; having reached the middle, I sat down on a stile which led thence into a field. Gathering my mantle about me, and sheltering my hands in my muff, I did not feel the cold, though it froze keenly; as was attested by a sheet of ice covering the causeway, where a little brooklet, now congealed, had overflowed after a rapid thaw some days since.

stile - scaletta

sheltering - riparo, (shelter), rifugio, dare rifugio, rifugiarsi

sheet of ice - lastra di ghiaccio

covering - copertura, (cover), coperto, coperchio, nascondiglio

causeway - strada rialzata, selciato, lastricato

brooklet - ruscello

overflowed - straripamento, eccesso, eccedenza, sfogo, uscita, overflow

From my seat I could look down on Thornfield: the grey and battlemented hall was the principal object in the vale below me; its woods and dark rookery rose against the west. I lingered till the sun went down amongst the trees, and sank crimson and clear behind them. I then turned eastward.

look down - guardare in basso

battlemented - merlata

principal - principale, capitale, preside, talian: t-needed

vale - valle

eastward - verso est

On the hill-top above me sat the rising moon; pale yet as a cloud, but brightening momentarily, she looked over Hay, which, half lost in trees, sent up a blue smoke from its few chimneys: it was yet a mile distant, but in the absolute hush I could hear plainly its thin murmurs of life.

hill-top - (hill-top) cima della collina

brightening - illuminare

My ear, too, felt the flow of currents; in what dales and depths I could not tell: but there were many hills beyond Hay, and doubtless many becks threading their passes. That evening calm betrayed alike the tinkle of the nearest streams, the sough of the most remote.

flow - fluire

currents - corrente, attuale, odierno

depths - profondita

becks - agli ordini di qualcuno

threading - filo, refe, filo conduttore, forum

passes - passare

betrayed - consegnare, tradire, rivelare

alike - simile, similmente, ugualmente

tinkle - tintinnare, scampanellare

streams - corrente, ruscello, rivo, flusso, semestre

A rude noise broke on these fine ripplings and whisperings, at once so far away and so clear: a positive tramp, tramp, a metallic clatter, which effaced the soft wave-wanderings; as, in a picture, the solid mass of a crag, or the rough boles of a great oak, drawn in dark and strong on the foreground, efface the aërial distance of azure hill, sunny horizon, and blended clouds where tint melts into tint.

ripplings - increspatura

whisperings - bisbigliare

tramp - vagabondo, barbone, puttana, sgualdrina

clatter - lo sbattere

wave - onda

wanderings - vagabondaggio

crag - picco, spuntone

boles - tronco

foreground - primo piano

efface - cancellare

aërial - ordine del giorno

blended - miscela, combinazione, mix, amalgama, mescolare

melts - sciogliere, fondere

The din was on the causeway: a horse was coming; the windings of the lane yet hid it, but it approached. I was just leaving the stile; yet, as the path was narrow, I sat still to let it go by.

windings - avvolgimento

In those days I was young, and all sorts of fancies bright and dark tenanted my mind: the memories of nursery stories were there amongst other rubbish; and when they recurred, maturing youth added to them a vigour and vividness beyond what childhood could give.

fancies - capriccio

tenanted - affittuario, inquilino

memories - memoria, ricordo

rubbish - corbelleria, cretinata, assurdita, porcherie, schifezza

recurred - ripresentarsi, ripetersi

maturing - maturo

vividness - vivacita

As this horse approached, and as I watched for it to appear through the dusk, I remembered certain of Bessie's tales, wherein figured a North-of-England spirit called a "Gytrash," which, in the form of horse, mule, or large dog, haunted solitary ways, and sometimes came upon belated travellers, as this horse was now coming upon me.

mule - mulo

It was very near, but not yet in sight; when, in addition to the tramp, tramp, I heard a rush under the hedge, and close down by the hazel stems glided a great dog, whose black and white colour made him a distinct object against the trees.

stems - gambo, stelo

It was exactly one form of Bessie's Gytrash-a lion-like creature with long hair and a huge head: it passed me, however, quietly enough; not staying to look up, with strange pretercanine eyes, in my face, as I half expected it would. The horse followed,-a tall steed, and on its back a rider. The man, the human being, broke the spell at once.

pretercanine - pretercanina

steed - destriero

rider - cavaliere

Nothing ever rode the Gytrash: it was always alone; and goblins, to my notions, though they might tenant the dumb carcasses of beasts, could scarce covet shelter in the commonplace human form. No Gytrash was this,-only a traveller taking the short cut to Millcote. He passed, and I went on; a few steps, and I turned: a sliding sound and an exclamation of "What the deuce is to do now?

tenant - affittuario, inquilino

dumb - muto

carcasses - carcassa

beasts - bestia, belva

scarce - scarso

covet - concupire, bramare

commonplace - ordinario, banale, luogo comune, fatto normale

sliding - scivolare

exclamation - esclamazione

What the deuce - Ma che diamine

" and a clattering tumble, arrested my attention. Man and horse were down; they had slipped on the sheet of ice which glazed the causeway. The dog came bounding back, and seeing his master in a predicament, and hearing the horse groan, barked till the evening hills echoed the sound, which was deep in proportion to his magnitude.

clattering - lo sbattere

tumble - caduta, tombola, cadere, precipitare, rovinare

sheet - foglio, talian: teglia da forno g, talian: foglio g, ('of metal also') lamiera g, ('of ice, stone, marble') lastra g, scotta

bounding - vincolato

predicament - situazione difficile

groan - gemito, gemere

barked - abbaio, latrato

echoed - eco

He snuffed round the prostrate group, and then he ran up to me; it was all he could do,-there was no other help at hand to summon. I obeyed him, and walked down to the traveller, by this time struggling himself free of his steed. His efforts were so vigorous, I thought he could not be much hurt; but I asked him the question-

snuffed - tabacco da fiuto

summon - convocare

"Are you injured, sir?"

injured - ferire

I think he was swearing, but am not certain; however, he was pronouncing some formula which prevented him from replying to me directly.

swearing - giuramento

pronouncing - dichiarare, emettere, pronunziare, pronunciare

formula - formula, latte artificiale, formula per lattanti

"Can I do anything?" I asked again.

"You must just stand on one side," he answered as he rose, first to his knees, and then to his feet. I did; whereupon began a heaving, stamping, clattering process, accompanied by a barking and baying which removed me effectually some yards'distance; but I would not be driven quite away till I saw the event.

heaving - ansimare, (heave), sollevamento

stamping - timbratura, (stamp), conio, bollo, battere i piedi, pestare i piedi, stampare, timbrare, affrancare

barking - abbaio, latrato

baying - baia

effectually - efficacemente

This was finally fortunate; the horse was re-established, and the dog was silenced with a "Down, Pilot!" The traveller now, stooping, felt his foot and leg, as if trying whether they were sound; apparently something ailed them, for he halted to the stile whence I had just risen, and sat down.

established - stabilire, confermare, instaurare, fondare, istituire

silenced - silenzio, silenziare, azzittire, mettere a tacere

pilot - pilota

stooping - chinarsi, abbassarsi

ailed - essere sofferente, sentir dolore

I was in the mood for being useful, or at least officious, I think, for I now drew near him again.

officious - invadente

"If you are hurt, and want help, sir, I can fetch some one either from Thornfield Hall or from Hay."

"Thank you: I shall do: I have no broken bones,-only a sprain;" and again he stood up and tried his foot, but the result extorted an involuntary "Ugh!"

sprain - slogare, slogatura, contorsione

extorted - estorcere, carpire, spillare

Ugh - che schifo

Something of daylight still lingered, and the moon was waxing bright: I could see him plainly. His figure was enveloped in a riding cloak, fur collared and steel clasped; its details were not apparent, but I traced the general points of middle height and considerable breadth of chest.

waxing - ceretta

fur - pelo, pelliccia

collared - bavero, bavera, collo, colletto, collare

steel - acciaio, d'acciaio

He had a dark face, with stern features and a heavy brow; his eyes and gathered eyebrows looked ireful and thwarted just now; he was past youth, but had not reached middle-age; perhaps he might be thirty-five. I felt No fear of him, and but little shyness.

stern - severo

ireful - irascibile

No fear - Nessuna paura

shyness - timidezza

Had he been a handsome, heroic-looking young gentleman, I should not have dared to stand thus questioning him against his will, and offering my services unasked. I had hardly ever seen a handsome youth; never in my life spoken to one.

unasked - non chiesto

hardly ever - quasi mai

I had a theoretical reverence and homage for beauty, elegance, gallantry, fascination; but had I met those qualities incarnate in masculine shape, I should have known instinctively that they neither had nor could have sympathy with anything in me, and should have shunned them as one would fire, lightning, or anything else that is bright but antipathetic.

theoretical - teorico

reverence - riverenza, venerazione

homage - omaggio

elegance - eleganza

gallantry - galanteria

fascination - fascinazione, fascino, passione

incarnate - incarnato

masculine - mascolino, maschile, masculino

shunned - evitare, detestare, schivare, eludere, stigmatizzare

lightning - fulmine, folgore, saetta, lampo

antipathetic - antipatico

If even this stranger had smiled and been good-humoured to me when I addressed him; if he had put off my offer of assistance gaily and with thanks, I should have gone on my way and not felt any vocation to renew inquiries: but the frown, the roughness of the traveller, set me at my ease: I retained my station when he waved to me to go, and announced-

good-humoured - (good-humoured) di buon umore

assistance - assistenza

gaily - allegramente

vocation - vocazione

renew - rinnovare

inquiries - inchiesta, indagine

roughness - ruvidita

"I cannot think of leaving you, sir, at so late an hour, in this solitary lane, till I see you are fit to mount your horse."

He looked at me when I said this; he had hardly turned his eyes in my direction before.

"I should think you ought to be at home yourself," said he, "if you have a home in this neighbourhood: where do you come from?"

"From just below; and I am not at all afraid of being out late when it is moonlight: I will run over to Hay for you with pleasure, if you wish it: indeed, I am going there to post a letter."

run over - traboccare, versare, ripetere

going there - andare li

"You live just below-do you mean at that house with the battlements?" pointing to Thornfield Hall, on which the moon cast a hoary gleam, bringing it out distinct and pale from the woods that, by contrast with the western sky, now seemed one mass of shadow.

contrast with - in contrasto con

"Yes, sir."

"Whose house is it?"

"Mr. Rochester's."

"Do you know Mr. Rochester?"

"No, I have never seen him."

"He is not resident, then?"

resident - residente


"Can you tell me where he is?"

"I cannot."

"You are not a servant at the hall, of course. You are-" He stopped, ran his eye over my dress, which, as usual, was quite simple: a black merino cloak, a black beaver bonnet; neither of them half fine enough for a lady's-maid. He seemed puzzled to decide what I was; I helped him.

merino - sheep

"I am the governess."

"Ah, the governess!" he repeated; "deuce take me, if I had not forgotten! The governess!" and again my raiment underwent scrutiny. In two minutes he rose from the stile: his face expressed pain when he tried to move.

deuce - Dos

raiment - abbigliamento

underwent - soffrire, sottoporsi

"I cannot commission you to fetch help," he said; "but you may help me a little yourself, if you will be so kind."

commission - missione, incarico, mandato, commissione, incaricare

"Yes, sir."

"You have not an umbrella that I can use as a stick?"

stick - mettere, infilare


"Try to get hold of my horse's bridle and lead him to me: you are not afraid?"

bridle - briglia, imbrigliare

lead - condurre, portare

I should have been afraid to touch a horse when alone, but when told to do it, I was disposed to obey. I put down my muff on the stile, and went up to the tall steed; I endeavoured to catch the bridle, but it was a spirited thing, and would not let me come near its head; I made effort on effort, though in vain: meantime, I was mortally afraid of its trampling fore-feet.

obey - obbedire, ubbidire, assolvere, conformarsi

spirited - spirito

trampling - calpestare, (trample), offendere, urtare

fore - former, occurring earlier, forward, at or toward the front

The traveller waited and watched for some time, and at last he laughed.

I was mortally afraid of its trampling forefeet

forefeet - avampiede

"I see," he said, "the mountain will never be brought to Mahomet, so all you can do is to aid Mahomet to go to the mountain; I must beg of you to come here."

I came. "Excuse me," he continued: "necessity compels me to make you useful." He laid a heavy hand on my shoulder, and leaning on me with some stress, limped to his horse. Having once caught the bridle, he mastered it directly and sprang to his saddle; grimacing grimly as he made the effort, for it wrenched his sprain.

Excuse - scusare, perdonare, scusarsi, giustificarsi, scusa, pretesto

compels - forzare, costringere, obbligare

stress - tensione, stress, pressione, enfasi, stressare, accentuare

limped - moscio, molle

saddle - sella

grimacing - smorfia

grimly - cupamente

wrenched - strappare

"Now," said he, releasing his under lip from a hard bite, "just hand me my whip; it lies there under the hedge."

releasing - liberare, rilasciare

lip - labbro, beccuccio

bite - mordere, morsicare, abboccare, pungere, morso, puntura

whip - frusta, nerbo, sferza, sferzare, flagellare

I sought it and found it.

"Thank you; now Make haste with the letter to Hay, and return as fast as you can."

Make haste - Affrettarsi

A touch of a spurred heel made his horse first start and rear, and then bound away; the dog rushed in his traces; all three vanished,

spurred - sperone, sprone

heel - calcagno, tallone

"Like heath that, in the wilderness,

wilderness - natura

The wild wind whirls away."

I took up my muff and walked on. The incident had occurred and was gone for me: it was an incident of no moment, no romance, no interest in a sense; yet it marked with change one single hour of a monotonous life.

occurred - verificarsi, sovvenire, venire in mente

romance - storia d'amore, romanticheria, idillio, poesia

monotonous - monocorde, monotono

My help had been needed and claimed; I had given it: I was pleased to have done something; trivial, transitory though the deed was, it was yet an active thing, and I was weary of an existence all passive.

claimed - reclamo, rivendicazione, diritto, dichiarazione, affermazione

trivial - insignificante, trascurabile, banale, ordinario

deed - fatto, gesto, gesta, prodezza, impresa

The new face, too, was like a new picture introduced to the gallery of memory; and it was dissimilar to all the others hanging there: firstly, because it was masculine; and, secondly, because it was dark, strong, and stern. I had it still before me when I entered Hay, and slipped the letter into the post-office; I saw it as I walked fast down-hill all the way home.

dissimilar - dissimile, diverso

Firstly - dapprima, in primo luogo

secondly - secondamente

When I came to the stile, I stopped a minute, looked round and listened, with an idea that a horse's hoofs might ring on the causeway again, and that a rider in a cloak, and a Gytrash-like Newfoundland dog, might be again apparent: I saw only the hedge and a pollard willow before me, rising up still and straight to meet the moonbeams; I heard only the faintest waft of wind roaming fitful among the trees round Thornfield, a mile distant; and when I glanced down in the direction of the murmur, my eye, traversing the hall-front, caught a light kindling in a window: it reminded me that I was late, and I hurried on.

hoofs - zoccolo, zampa

Newfoundland - Terranova, cane di Terranova

pollard - prune

willow - salice, salcio

moonbeams - raggio di luna

faintest - debole

waft - to float easily and gently on the air

roaming - vagare, girovagare

I did not like re-entering Thornfield. To pass its threshold was to return to stagnation; to cross the silent hall, to ascend the darksome staircase, to seek my own lonely little room, and then to meet tranquil Mrs.

ascend - salire, riuscire

darksome - scuro

Fairfax, and spend the long winter evening with her, and her only, was to quell wholly the faint excitement wakened by my walk,-to slip again over my faculties the viewless fetters of an uniform and too still existence; of an existence whose very privileges of security and ease I was becoming incapable of appreciating.

quell - reprimere, soffocare

wakened - svegliarsi

viewless - senza vista

fetters - ferri, ceppi, ostacoli, incatenare, ostacolare

appreciating - apprezzare, essere riconoscente, capire, rendersi conto

What good it would have done me at that time to have been tossed in the storms of an uncertain struggling life, and to have been taught by rough and bitter experience to long for the calm amidst which I now repined!

tossed - tiro, lancio, testa o croce, lancio moneta

storms - tempesta, bufera

long for - desiderare qualcosa, volere qualcosa

repined - ripicca

Yes, just as much good as it would do a man tired of sitting still in a "too easy chair" to take a long walk: and just as natural was the wish to stir, under my circumstances, as it would be under his.

I lingered at the gates; I lingered on the lawn; I paced backwards and forwards on the pavement; the shutters of the glass door were closed; I could not see into the interior; and both my eyes and spirit seemed drawn from the gloomy house-from the grey-hollow filled with rayless cells, as it appeared to me-to that sky expanded before me,-a blue sea absolved from taint of cloud; the moon ascending it in solemn march; her orb seeming to look up as she left the hill-tops, from behind which she had come, far and farther below her, and aspired to the zenith, midnight dark in its fathomless depth and measureless distance; and for those trembling stars that followed her course; they made my heart tremble, my veins glow when I viewed them. Little things recall us to earth; the clock struck in the hall; that sufficed; I turned from moon and stars, opened a side-door, and went in.

pavement - pavimentazione stradale, pavimentazione, manto, manto stradale

shutters - anta, battente, persiana, scuro, otturatore

interior - interiore, interno

rayless - senza raggi

cells - cella

taint - guastare, contaminare

aspired - aspirare

zenith - zenit, culmine, apice

fathomless - insondabile

measureless - senza misura

side-door - (side-door) porta laterale

The hall was not dark, nor yet was it lit, only by the high-hung bronze lamp; a warm glow suffused both it and the lower steps of the oak staircase.

suffused - soffondere

This ruddy shine issued from the great dining-room, whose two-leaved door stood open, and showed a genial fire in the grate, glancing on marble hearth and brass fire-irons, and revealing purple draperies and polished furniture, in the most pleasant radiance.

leaved - foglie

grate - griglia

irons - ferreo, ferroso, ferrico, inflessibile, stirare

revealing - rivelando, (reveal), rivelare, gettare la maschera

draperies - tenda

most pleasant - piu piacevole

It revealed, too, a group near the mantelpiece: I had scarcely caught it, and scarcely become aware of a cheerful mingling of voices, amongst which I seemed to distinguish the tones of Adčle, when the door closed.

mingling - mescolarsi, (mingle), mescolare, rimestare, rigirare

tones - tono

I hastened to Mrs. Fairfax's room; there was a fire there too, but no candle, and no Mrs. Fairfax. Instead, all alone, sitting upright on the rug, and gazing with gravity at the blaze, I beheld a great black and white long-haired dog, just like the Gytrash of the lane. It was so like it that I went forward and said-"Pilot" and the thing got up and came to me and snuffed me.

hastened to - affrettarsi

all alone - tutto solo

upright - eretto, in verticale, dritto, in piedi, integro

gravity - gravita

beheld - guardare, ecco

I caressed him, and he wagged his great tail; but he looked an eerie creature to be alone with, and I could not tell whence he had come. I rang the bell, for I wanted a candle; and I wanted, too, to get an account of this visitant. Leah entered.

caressed - accarezzare

wagged - scodinzolare, marinare la scuola, scodinzolio

tail - coda

visitant - visitatore

"What dog is this?"

"He came with master."

"With whom?"

"With master-Mr. Rochester-he is just arrived."

"Indeed! and is Mrs. Fairfax with him?"

"Yes, and Miss Adčle; they are in the dining-room, and John is gone for a surgeon; for master has had an accident; his horse fell and his ankle is sprained."

ankle - caviglia

sprained - slogare, slogatura, contorsione

"Did the horse fall in Hay Lane?"

"Yes, coming down-hill; it slipped on some ice."

"Ah! Bring me a candle will you Leah?"

Leah brought it; she entered, followed by Mrs. Fairfax, who repeated the news; adding that Mr. Carter the surgeon was come, and was now with Mr. Rochester: then she hurried out to give orders about tea, and I went upstairs to take off my things.

Carter - person who transports a load on an animal-drawn cart


Mr. Rochester, it seems, by the surgeon's orders, went to bed early that night; nor did he rise soon next morning. When he did come down, it was to attend to business: his agent and some of his tenants were arrived, and waiting to speak with him.

attend to - partecipare

Adčle and I had now to vacate the library: it would be in daily requisition as a reception-room for callers. A fire was lit in an apartment upstairs, and there I carried our books, and arranged it for the future schoolroom.

vacate - liberare

requisition - requisire

reception-room - (reception-room) sala ricevimenti

callers - chiamante

I discerned in the course of the morning that Thornfield Hall was a changed place: no longer silent as a church, it echoed every hour or two to a knock at the door, or a clang of the bell; steps, too, often traversed the hall, and new voices spoke in different keys below; a rill from the outer world was flowing through it; it had a master: for my part, I liked it better.

knock at - bussare

clang - risuonare con fragore

rill - very small brook

flowing through - fluire

Adčle was not easy to teach that day; she could not apply: she kept running to the door and looking over the banisters to see if she could get a glimpse of Mr.

Rochester; then she coined pretexts to go downstairs, in order, as I shrewdly suspected, to visit the library, where I knew she was not wanted; then, when I got a little angry, and made her sit still, she continued to talk incessantly of her "ami, Monsieur Edouard Fairfax de Rochester," as she dubbed him (I had not before heard his prenomens), and to conjecture what presents he had brought her: for it appears he had intimated the night before, that when his luggage came from Millcote, there would be found amongst it a little box in whose contents she had an interest.

coined - moneta, gettone, coniare, monetare, battere moneta

pretexts - pretesto, scusante

go downstairs - scendere

shrewdly - scaltramente, astutamente

incessantly - incessantemente

monsieur - Senor

dubbed - doppiare

not before - non prima

"Et cela doit signifier," said she, "qu'il y auradedans un cadeau pour moi, et peut-ętre pour vous aussi, mademoiselle. Monsieur a parlé de vous: il m'a demandé le nom de ma gouvernante, et si elle n'était pas une petite personne, assez mince et un peu pâle. J'ai dit qu'oui: car c'est vrai, n'est-ce pas, mademoiselle?"

doit - farlo

signifier - significante

aura - aura

dedans - ordine del giorno

pour - versare, riversarsi

peut - ordine del giorno

ętre - etre

aussi - ordine del giorno

parlé - ordine del giorno

demandé - ordine del giorno

gouvernante - gobernante

était - ordine del giorno

une - non e cosi

petite - piccola

personne - ordine del giorno

assez - ordine del giorno

mince - macinato, tritare, macinare, moderare

pâle - ordine del giorno

I and my pupil dined as usual in Mrs. Fairfax's parlour; the afternoon was wild and snowy, and we passed it in the schoolroom. At dark I allowed Adčle to put away books and work, and to run downstairs; for, from the comparative silence below, and from the cessation of appeals to the door-bell, I conjectured that Mr. Rochester was now at liberty.

put away - mettere via

appeals - fare appello, ricorrere

conjectured - congettura, congetturare

Left alone, I walked to the window; but nothing was to be seen thence: twilight and snowflakes together thickened the air, and hid the very shrubs on the lawn. I let down the curtain and went back to the fireside.

snowflakes - fiocco di neve

shrubs - arbusto

In the clear embers I was tracing a view, not unlike a picture I remembered to have seen of the castle of Heidelberg, on the Rhine, when Mrs. Fairfax came in, breaking up by her entrance the fiery mosaic I had been piercing together, and scattering too some heavy unwelcome thoughts that were beginning to throng on my solitude.

tracing - tracciare

on the Rhine - sul Reno

breaking up - rompere

fiery - ardente, incandescente, bruciante, infiammabile, infocato

mosaic - mosaico, talian: t-needed

piercing - foro, piercing, pungente, penetrante

scattering - dispersione, (scatter), disperdere, disperdersi, sparpagliare

unwelcome - importuno

"Mr. Rochester would be glad if you and your pupil would take tea with him in the drawing-room this evening," said she: "he has been so much engaged all day that he could not ask to see you before."

"When is his tea-time?" I inquired.

"Oh, at six o'clock: he keeps early hours in the country. You had better change your frock now; I will go with you and fasten it. Here is a candle."

"Is it necessary to change my frock?"

"Yes, you had better: I always dress for the evening when Mr. Rochester is here."

This additional ceremony seemed somewhat stately; however, I repaired to my room, and, with Mrs. Fairfax's aid, replaced my black stuff dress by one of black silk; the best and the only additional one I had, except one of light grey, which, in my Lowood notions of the toilette, I thought too fine to be worn, except on first-rate occasions.

repaired - riparare

replaced - sostituire, rimpiazzare, riporre

toilette - oilette

first-rate - (first-rate) di primo livello

"You want a brooch," said Mrs. Fairfax. I had a single little pearl ornament which Miss Temple gave me as a parting keepsake: I put it on, and then we went downstairs. Unused as I was to strangers, it was rather a trial to appear thus formally summoned in Mr. Rochester's presence. I let Mrs.

brooch - spilla

ornament - ornamento, ornamenti

keepsake - ricordo, memoria, memento

went downstairs - scendere

strangers - estraneo

formally - formalmente, ufficialmente, rigorosamente

Fairfax precede me into the dining-room, and kept in her shade as we crossed that apartment; and, passing the arch, whose curtain was now dropped, entered the elegant recess beyond.

precede - precedere

shade - ombra, persiana, tonalita, gradazione, nuance, varieta

recess - incavo, pausa, ferie, ricreazione

Two wax candles stood lighted on the table, and two on the mantelpiece; basking in the light and heat of a superb fire, lay Pilot-Adčle knelt near him. Half reclined on a couch appeared Mr. Rochester, his foot supported by the cushion; he was looking at Adčle and the dog: the fire shone full on his face.

basking - crogiolarsi

superb - superbo, magnifico

cushion - cuscino, sponda, ammortizzare, attutire

I knew my traveller with his broad and jetty eyebrows; his square forehead, made squarer by the horizontal sweep of his black hair. I recognised his decisive nose, more remarkable for character than beauty; his full nostrils, denoting, I thought, choler; his grim mouth, chin, and jaw-yes, all three were very grim, and no mistake.

jetty - pontile

squarer - piu squadrata, (square), quadrato, squadra, piazza, sagrato

horizontal - orizzontale

decisive - decisivo, determinante, sostanziale, deciso

more remarkable - piu notevole

denoting - indicare, rivelare, significare

choler - coler

His shape, now divested of cloak, I perceived harmonised in squareness with his physiognomy: I suppose it was a good figure in the athletic sense of the term-broad chested and thin flanked, though neither tall nor graceful.

divested - spogliare, disinvestire

harmonised - armonizzare

squareness - quadratura

physiognomy - fisionomia

athletic - atletico, sportivo

term - periodo, durata, mandato

chested - petto

flanked - aggirare il fianco, proteggere il fianco, fiancheggiare, affiancare, soccoscio

Mr. Rochester must have been aware of the entrance of Mrs. Fairfax and myself; but it appeared he was not in the mood to notice us, for he never lifted his head as we approached.

"Here is Miss Eyre, sir," said Mrs. Fairfax, in her quiet way. He bowed, still not taking his eyes from the group of the dog and child.

"Let Miss Eyre be seated," said he: and there was something in the forced stiff bow, in the impatient yet formal tone, which seemed further to express, "What the deuce is it to me whether Miss Eyre be there or not? At this moment I am not disposed to accost her."

accost - affrontare, aggredire, inveire, molestare, accostare, salutare

I sat down quite disembarrassed. A reception of finished politeness would probably have confused me: I could not have returned or repaid it by answering grace and elegance on my part; but harsh caprice laid me under no obligation; on the contrary, a decent quiescence, under the freak of manner, gave me the advantage.

disembarrassed - disimparare

politeness - cortesia

caprice - capriccio

obligation - vincolo, obbligo, dovere, obbligazione

quiescence - quiescenza

freak - fenomeno, capriccio

Besides, the eccentricity of the proceeding was piquant: I felt interested to see how he would go on.

eccentricity - eccentricita

proceeding - procedimento, (proceed), procedere

piquant - piccante, vespigno

He went on as a statue would, that is, he neither spoke nor moved. Mrs. Fairfax seemed to think it necessary that some one should be amiable, and she began to talk.

statue - statua

Kindly, as usual-and, as usual, rather trite-she condoled with him on the pressure of business he had had all day; on the annoyance it must have been to him with that painful sprain: then she commended his patience and perseverance in going through with it.

trite - trito

condoled - condolersi

pressure - pressione, spinta, impellenza, urgenza, tensione

annoyance - seccatura, scocciatura, fastidio, disappunto, irritazione

commended - encomiare, elogiare, lodare, affidare, raccomandare

patience - pazienza

perseverance - perseveranza

"Madam, I should like some tea," was the sole rejoinder she got. She hastened to ring the bell; and when the tray came, she proceeded to arrange the cups, spoons, &c., with assiduous celerity. I and Adčle went to the table; but the master did not leave his couch.

rejoinder - replica

arrange - disporre, ordinare, preparare, arrangiare

assiduous - assiduo

celerity - celerita

"Will you hand Mr. Rochester's cup?" said Mrs. Fairfax to me; "Adčle might perhaps spill it."

spill - rovesciare, versare

I did as requested. As he took the cup from my hand, Adčle, thinking the moment propitious for making a request in my favour, cried out-

as requested - come richiesto

"N'est-ce pas, monsieur, qu'il y a un cadeau pour Mademoiselle Eyre dans votre petit coffre?"

ce -

votre - ordine del giorno

coffre - ordine del giorno

"Who talks of cadeaux?" said he gruffly. "Did you expect a present, Miss Eyre? Are you fond of presents?" and he searched my face with eyes that I saw were dark, irate, and piercing.

gruffly - in modo burbero

irate - irato

"I hardly know, sir; I have little experience of them: they are generally thought pleasant things."

"Generally thought? But what do you think?"

"I should be obliged to take time, sir, before I could give you an answer worthy of your acceptance: a present has many faces to it, has it not? and one should consider all, before pronouncing an opinion as to its nature."

be obliged - essere obbligato

acceptance - accettazione

"Miss Eyre, you are not so unsophisticated as Adčle: she demands a 'cadeau,'clamorously, the moment she sees me: you beat about the bush."

clamorously - clamorosamente

bush - cespuglio

"Because I have less confidence in my deserts than Adčle has: she can prefer the claim of old acquaintance, and the right too of custom; for she says you have always been in the habit of giving her playthings; but if I had to make out a case I should be puzzled, since I am a stranger, and have done nothing to entitle me to an acknowledgment."

confidence - fiducia, autostima, certezza, sicurezza di sé, confidenza

deserts - abbandonare

entitle - intitolare

"Oh, don't fall back on over-modesty! I have examined Adčle, and find you have taken great pains with her: she is not bright, she has no talents; yet in a short time she has made much improvement."

fall back - ripiegare

modesty - modestia

"Sir, you have now given me my 'cadeau;'I am obliged to you: it is the meed teachers most covet-praise of their pupils'progress."

"Humph!" said Mr. Rochester, and he took his tea in silence.

Humph - used to express doubt or disapproval

"Come to the fire," said the master, when the tray was taken away, and Mrs. Fairfax had settled into a corner with her knitting; while Adčle was leading me by the hand round the room, showing me the beautiful books and ornaments on the consoles and chiffonničres. We obeyed, as in duty bound; Adčle wanted to take a seat on my knee, but she was ordered to amuse herself with Pilot.

leading - che conduce

hand round - giro di mano

consoles - console

chiffonničres - chiffonnieres

as in duty bound - come se fosse un dovere

"You have been resident in my house three months?"

"Yes, sir."

"And you came from-?"

"From Lowood school, in ---shire."

"Ah! a charitable concern. How long were you there?"

"Eight years."

"Eight years! you must be tenacious of life. I thought half the time in such a place would have done up any constitution! No wonder you have rather the look of another world. I marvelled where you had got that sort of face. When you came on me in Hay Lane last night, I thought unaccountably of fairy tales, and had half a mind to demand whether you had bewitched my horse: I am not sure yet.

done up - fatto

marvelled - stupirsi, meravigliarsi

unaccountably - in modo inspiegabile

bewitched - stregare

Who are your parents?"

"I have none."

"Nor ever had, I suppose: do you remember them?"


"I thought not. And so you were waiting for your people when you sat on that stile?"

"For whom, sir?"

"For the men in green: it was a proper moonlight evening for them. Did I break through one of your rings, that you spread that damned ice on the causeway?"

break through - sfondare

rings - anello

damned - dannato, (damn), dannare, bollare, condannare, maledire, maledetto

I shook my head. "The men in green all forsook England a hundred years ago," said I, speaking as seriously as he had done. "And not even in Hay Lane, or the fields about it, could you find a trace of them. I don't think either summer or harvest, or winter moon, will ever shine on their revels more."

forsook - abbandonare, rinunciare

seriously - seriamente, gravemente

revels - divertirsi

Mrs. Fairfax had dropped her knitting, and, with raised eyebrows, seemed wondering what sort of talk this was.

"Well," resumed Mr. Rochester, "if you disown parents, you must have some sort of kinsfolk: uncles and aunts?"

"No; none that I ever saw."

"And your home?"

"I have none."

"Where do your brothers and sisters live?"

"I have no brothers or sisters."

"Who recommended you to come here?"

recommended - raccomandare, consigliare

"I advertised, and Mrs. Fairfax answered my advertisement."

"Yes," said the good lady, who now knew what ground we were upon, "and I am daily thankful for the choice Providence led me to make. Miss Eyre has been an invaluable companion to me, and a kind and careful teacher to Adčle."

Providence - Provvidenza

invaluable - prezioso, senza prezzo, impareggiabile, enorme

"Don't trouble yourself to give her a character," returned Mr. Rochester: "eulogiums will not bias me; I shall judge for myself. She began by felling my horse."

eulogiums - elogio

bias - pregiudizio, predisposizione, inclinazione, tendenza

felling - e caduto

"Sir?" said Mrs. Fairfax.

"I have to thank her for this sprain."

The widow looked bewildered.

"Miss Eyre, have you ever lived in a town?"

"No, sir."

"Have you seen much society?"

"None but the pupils and teachers of Lowood, and now the inmates of Thornfield."

"Have you read much?"

"Only such books as came in my way; and they have not been numerous or very learned."

numerous - numeroso

"You have lived the life of a nun: no doubt you are well drilled in religious forms;-Brocklehurst, who I understand directs Lowood, is a parson, is he not?"

nun - suora, monaca

drilled - trapanare, perforare

religious - religioso

parson - parroco, pastore

"Yes, sir."

"And you girls probably worshipped him, as a convent full of religieuses would worship their director."

worshipped - adorazione, venerazione, culto

religieuses - eligieuse

director - direttore, regista, capo

"Oh, no."

"You are very cool! No! What! a novice not worship her priest! That sounds blasphemous."

worship - adorazione, venerazione, culto

priest - prete, sacerdote, mazza, (prey), preda, squartamento

blasphemous - blasfemo

"I disliked Mr. Brocklehurst; and I was not alone in the feeling. He is a harsh man; at once pompous and meddling; he cut off our hair; and for economy's sake bought us bad needles and thread, with which we could hardly sew."

disliked - antipatia, avversione, non piacersi

pompous - pomposo

meddling - immischiarsi

sake - (per amore di)

"That was very false economy," remarked Mrs. Fairfax, who now again caught the drift of the dialogue.

"And was that the head and front of his offending?" demanded Mr. Rochester.

offending - offendere

"He starved us when he had the sole superintendence of the provision department, before the committee was appointed; and he bored us with long lectures once a week, and with evening readings from books of his own inditing, about sudden deaths and judgments, which made us afraid to go to bed."

superintendence - sovrintendenza

provision - fornitura, disposizione, clausola, norma

department - dipartimento, q

appointed - fissare, costituire, nominare, designare, assegnare

lectures - conferenza, lezione, insegnare, sgridare, richiamare

readings - lettura, interpretare, interpretazione

deaths - morte, dipartita, decesso, morire, la morte

judgments - giudizio, sentenza, verdetto, pronuncia

"What age were you when you went to Lowood?"

"About ten."

"And you stayed there eight years: you are now, then, eighteen?"

I assented.

assented - assentire, assenso

"Arithmetic, you see, is useful; without its aid, I should hardly have been able to guess your age. It is a point difficult to fix where the features and countenance are so much at variance as in your case. And now what did you learn at Lowood? Can you play?"

variance - varianza

"A little."

"Of course: that is the established answer. Go into the library-I mean, if you please.-(Excuse my tone of command; I am used to say, 'Do this,'and it is done: I cannot alter my customary habits for one new inmate.)-Go, then, into the library; take a candle with you; leave the door open; sit down to the piano, and play a tune."

customary - consueto

I departed, obeying his directions.

obeying - obbedire, ubbidire, assolvere, conformarsi

"Enough!" he called out in a few minutes. "You play a little, I see; like any other English school-girl; perhaps rather better than some, but not well."

I closed the piano and returned. Mr. Rochester continued-"Adčle showed me some sketches this morning, which she said were yours. I don't know whether they were entirely of your doing; probably a master aided you?"

"No, indeed!" I interjected.

interjected - interloquire

"Ah! that pricks pride. Well, fetch me your portfolio, if you can vouch for its contents being original; but don't pass your word unless you are certain: I can recognise patchwork."

pricks - pungere, forare

vouch - garantire

patchwork - a work composed of many different colors and shapes

"Then I will say nothing, and you shall judge for yourself, sir."

I brought the portfolio from the library.

"Approach the table," said he; and I wheeled it to his couch. Adčle and Mrs. Fairfax drew near to see the pictures.

wheeled - ruota, timone, ruota del timone, pezzo grosso, cerchio

"No crowding," said Mr. Rochester: "take the drawings from my hand as I finish with them; but Don't push your faces up to mine."

crowding - folla

Don't push - Non spingere

He deliberately scrutinised each sketch and painting. Three he laid aside; the others, when he had examined them, he swept from him.

deliberately - intenzionalmente, deliberatamente, per partito preso

sketch - abbozzare, schizzare, delineare, sunteggiare, sintetizzare

"Take them off to the other table, Mrs. Fairfax," said he, "and look at them with Adčle;-you" (glancing at me) "resume your seat, and answer my questions. I perceive those pictures were done by one hand: was that hand yours?"


"And when did you find time to do them? They have taken much time, and some thought."

"I did them in the last two vacations I spent at Lowood, when I had no other occupation."

"Where did you get your copies?"

copies - copia, replica, copiare, imitare, ricevere

"Out of my head."

"That head I see now on your shoulders?"

"Yes, sir."

"Has it other furniture of the same kind within?"

"I should think it may have: I should hope-better."

He spread the pictures before him, and again surveyed them alternately.

alternately - alternatamente

While he is so occupied, I will tell you, reader, what they are: and first, I must premise that they are nothing wonderful. The subjects had, indeed, risen vividly on my mind. As I saw them with the spiritual eye, before I attempted to embody them, they were striking; but my hand would not second my fancy, and in each case it had wrought out but a pale portrait of the thing I had conceived.

premise - premessa, locale, posto

vividly - chiaramente, limpidamente

embody - incarnare

These pictures were in water-colours. The first represented clouds low and livid, rolling over a swollen sea: all the distance was in eclipse; so, too, was the foreground; or rather, the nearest billows, for there was no land.

livid - furibondo, furibonda

rolling - rotolamento

eclipse - eclisse, eclissi, eclissare

billows - maroso

One gleam of light lifted into relief a half-submerged mast, on which sat a cormorant, dark and large, with wings flecked with foam; its beak held a gold bracelet set with gems, that I had touched with as brilliant tints as my palette could yield, and as glittering distinctness as my pencil could impart.

submerged - sommergere

cormorant - cormorano, divoratore, ghiottone, mangione

flecked - puntino, macchiolina

foam - schiuma, gomma piuma

beak - becco

bracelet - braccialetto

gems - gemma, pietra preziosa, perla, chicca

palette - tavolozza, gamma di colori

distinctness - distinzione

Sinking below the bird and mast, a drowned corpse glanced through the green water; a fair arm was the only limb clearly visible, whence the bracelet had been washed or torn.

drowned - affogare, annegare, sommergere, coprire

limb - membro, arto

torn - lacrima

The second picture contained for foreground only the dim peak of a hill, with grass and some leaves slanting as if by a breeze. Beyond and above spread an expanse of sky, dark blue as at twilight: rising into the sky was a woman's shape to the bust, portrayed in tints as dusk and soft as I could combine.

Peak - picco

slanting - pendenza, inclinazione, pendio, tendenza, angolatura

dark blue - blu scuro

bust - seno

portrayed - ritrarre, dipingere

The dim forehead was crowned with a star; the lineaments below were seen as through the suffusion of vapour; the eyes shone dark and wild; the hair streamed shadowy, like a beamless cloud torn by storm or by electric travail. On the neck lay a pale reflection like moonlight; the same faint lustre touched the train of thin clouds from which rose and bowed this vision of the evening star.

crowned - corona

suffusion - soffusione

vapour - vapore

beamless - senza raggi

travail - lavoro

evening star - stella della sera

The third showed the pinnacle of an iceberg piercing a polar winter sky: a muster of northern lights reared their dim lances, close serried, along the horizon. Throwing these into distance, rose, in the foreground, a head,-a colossal head, inclined towards the iceberg, and resting against it.

pinnacle - pinnacolo, cima, picco, somma

iceberg - iceberg

polar - polare

northern lights - aurora boreale

lances - lancia, infilzare, incidere

throwing - lanciare

colossal - colossale

Two thin hands, joined under the forehead, and supporting it, drew up before the lower features a sable veil, a brow quite bloodless, white as bone, and an eye hollow and fixed, blank of meaning but for the glassiness of despair, alone were visible.

veil - velo

glassiness - vetreria

despair - disperazione

Above the temples, amidst wreathed turban folds of black drapery, vague in its character and consistency as cloud, gleamed a ring of white flame, gemmed with sparkles of a more lurid tinge. This pale crescent was "the likeness of a kingly crown;" what it diademed was "the shape which shape had none."

wreathed - spirale, voluta, ghirlanda, corona

turban - turbante

flame - fiamma, flame, fiammeggiare, infiammare

gemmed - gemma, pietra preziosa, perla, chicca

sparkles - scintillio, luccichio

lurid - livido

tinge - sfumatura

likeness - somiglianza

kingly - regale

diademed - diadema, corona

"Were you happy when you painted these pictures?" asked Mr. Rochester presently.

"I was absorbed, sir: yes, and I was happy. To paint them, in short, was to enjoy one of the keenest pleasures I have ever known."

keenest - appassionato, desideroso

"That is not saying much. Your pleasures, by your own account, have been few; but I daresay you did exist in a kind of artist's dreamland while you blent and arranged these strange tints. Did you sit at them long each day?"

dreamland - il paese dei sogni

"I had nothing else to do, because it was the vacation, and I sat at them from morning till noon, and from noon till night: the length of the midsummer days favoured my inclination to apply."

midsummer - mezza estate, solstizio d'estate, di mezza estate

"And you felt self-satisfied with the result of your ardent labours?"

labours - lavoro, lavoratori, lavoranti, parto, travaglio, doglie

"Far from it. I was tormented by the contrast between my idea and my handiwork: in each case I had imagined something which I was quite powerless to realise."

tormented - cruccio, tormento, tarlo, tormentare, martoriare

handiwork - lavoro manuale

powerless - impotente

realise - rendersi conto

"Not quite: you have secured the shadow of your thought; but no more, probably. You had not enough of the artist's skill and science to give it full being: yet the drawings are, for a school-girl, peculiar. As to the thoughts, they are elfish. These eyes in the Evening Star you must have seen in a dream. How could you make them look so clear, and yet not at all brilliant?

secured - sicuro, protetto, segreto, stabile, affidabile, garantire

elfish - elfo

for the planet above quells their rays. And what meaning is that in their solemn depth? And who taught you to paint wind? There is a high gale in that sky, and on this hill-top. Where did you see Latmos? For that is Latmos. There! put the drawings away!"

quells - reprimere, soffocare

gale - burrasca

I had scarce tied the strings of the portfolio, when, looking at his watch, he said abruptly-

"It is nine o'clock: what are you about, Miss Eyre, to let Adčle sit up so long? Take her to bed."

sit up - sedersi

Adčle went to kiss him before quitting the room: he endured the caress, but scarcely seemed to relish it more than Pilot would have done, nor so much.

caress - accarezzare

"I wish you all good-night, now," said he, making a movement of the hand towards the door, in token that he was tired of our company, and wished to dismiss us. Mrs. Fairfax folded up her knitting: I took my portfolio: we curtseyed to him, received a frigid bow in return, and so withdrew.

token - simbolo, segno, gettone

dismiss - licenziare

folded up - piegati

"You said Mr. Rochester was not strikingly peculiar, Mrs. Fairfax," I observed, when I rejoined her in her room, after putting Adčle to bed.

strikingly - in modo eclatante

rejoined - ricongiungersi

"Well, is he?"

"I think so: he is very changeful and abrupt."

changeful - mutevole

"True: no doubt he may appear so to a stranger, but I am so accustomed to his manner, I never think of it; and then, if he has peculiarities of temper, allowance should be made."


"Partly because it is his nature-and we can none of us help our nature; and partly because he has painful thoughts, no doubt, to harass him, and make his spirits unequal."

harass - importunare, infastidire, molestare, tormentare

unequal - diseguale, impari

"What about?"

"Family troubles, for one thing."

troubles - guaio, problema, impiccio, tumulto

"But he has no family."

"Not now, but he has had-or, at least, relatives. He lost his elder brother a few years since."

"His elder brother?"

"Yes. The present Mr. Rochester has not been very long in possession of the property; only about nine years."

"Nine years is a tolerable time. Was he so very fond of his brother as to be still inconsolable for his loss?"

tolerable - tollerabile

inconsolable - inconsolabile

"Why, no-perhaps not. I believe there were some misunderstandings between them. Mr. Rowland Rochester was not quite just to Mr. Edward; and perhaps he prejudiced his father against him. The old gentleman was fond of money, and anxious to keep the family estate together. He did not like to diminish the property by division, and yet he was anxious that Mr.

misunderstandings - fraintendimento, qui pro quo, quiproquo

Edward - Edoardo, Eduardo

prejudiced - pregiudizio

estate - asse ereditario, beni, proprieta, tenuta, possedimento

diminish - diminuire, ridurre

Edward should have wealth, too, to keep up the consequence of the name; and, soon after he was of age, some steps were taken that were not quite fair, and made a great deal of mischief. Old Mr. Rochester and Mr. Rowland combined to bring Mr.

Edward into what he considered a painful position, for the sake of making his fortune: what the precise nature of that position was I never clearly knew, but his spirit could not brook what he had to suffer in it. He is not very forgiving: he broke with his family, and now for many years he has led an unsettled kind of life.

Fortune - sorte, destino, fortuna, dote

forgiving - perdonare

unsettled - turbare

I don't think he has ever been resident at Thornfield for a fortnight together, since the death of his brother without a will left him master of the estate; and, indeed, no wonder he shuns the old place."

shuns - evitare, detestare, schivare, eludere, stigmatizzare

"Why should he shun it?"

"Perhaps he thinks it gloomy."

The answer was evasive. I should have liked something clearer; but Mrs. Fairfax either could not, or would not, give me more explicit information of the origin and nature of Mr. Rochester's trials. She averred they were a mystery to herself, and that what she knew was chiefly from conjecture. It was evident, indeed, that she wished me to drop the subject, which I did accordingly.

evasive - evasivo

clearer - piu chiaro, (clear), trasparente, limpido, pulito, chiaro

more explicit - piu esplicito

trials - processo

averred - Qué

mystery - mistero, arcano, enigma

chiefly - principalmente

evident - evidente


For several subsequent days I saw little of Mr. Rochester. In the mornings he seemed much engaged with business, and, in the afternoon, gentlemen from Millcote or the neighbourhood called, and sometimes stayed to dine with him.

When his sprain was well enough to admit of horse exercise, he rode out a good deal; probably to return these visits, as he generally did not come back till late at night.

admit of - ammettere

During this interval, even Adčle was seldom sent for to his presence, and all my acquaintance with him was confined to an occasional rencontre in the hall, on the stairs, or in the gallery, when he would sometimes pass me haughtily and coldly, just acknowledging my presence by a distant nod or a cool glance, and sometimes bow and smile with gentlemanlike affability.

rencontre - encontre

haughtily - altezzosamente, sprezzantemente

acknowledging - riconoscere, ammettere, confermare

nod - annuire, accennare, scuotere, addormentarsi, appisolarsi

gentlemanlike - ordine del giorno

affability - affabilita

His changes of mood did not offend me, because I saw that I had nothing to do with their alternation; the ebb and flow depended on causes quite disconnected with me.

alternation - alternanza

Ebb - riflusso

depended on - dipende da

causes - causa, provocare, causare, produrre, ottenere

disconnected - disconnettere

One day he had had company to dinner, and had sent for my portfolio; in order, doubtless, to exhibit its contents: the gentlemen went away early, to attend a public meeting at Millcote, as Mrs. Fairfax informed me; but the night being wet and inclement, Mr. Rochester did not accompany them. Soon after they were gone he rang the bell: a message came that I and Adčle were to go downstairs.

exhibit - mostrare, dimostrare, esposizione

went away - andare via

attend - assistere a, seguire

public meeting - incontro pubblico

informed - informare

accompany - accompagnare

I brushed Adčle's hair and made her neat, and having ascertained that I was myself in my usual Quaker trim, where there was nothing to retouch-all being too close and plain, braided locks included, to admit of disarrangement-we descended, Adčle wondering whether the petit coffre was at length come; for, owing to some mistake, its arrival had hitherto been delayed.

Quaker - Quacchero

trim - tagliare, accorciare, decorare, bordare, orientare

retouch - ritoccare

disarrangement - disordine

owing - dovere, essere in debito, essere debitore di

delayed - ritardare

She was gratified: there it stood, a little carton, on the table when we entered the dining-room. She appeared to know it by instinct.

gratified - gratificare

Carton - stecca

"Ma boite! ma boite!" exclaimed she, running towards it.

"Yes, there is your 'boite'at last: take it into a corner, you genuine daughter of Paris, and amuse yourself with disembowelling it," said the deep and rather sarcastic voice of Mr. Rochester, proceeding from the depths of an immense easy-chair at the fireside.

genuine - genuino

disembowelling - sventramento, (disembowel), sviscerare, sbudellare, sventrare

sarcastic - sarcastico

"And mind," he continued, "Don't bother me with any details of the anatomical process, or any notice of the condition of the entrails: let your operation be conducted in silence: tiens-toi tranquille, enfant; comprends-tu?"

Don't bother me - non disturbarmi

anatomical - anatomico

entrails - sciabola

tiens - ordine del giorno

toi - ordine del giorno

tranquille - ordine del giorno

enfant - Nino

comprends - ordine del giorno

Adčle seemed scarcely to need the warning-she had already retired to a sofa with her treasure, and was busy untying the cord which secured the lid. Having removed this impediment, and lifted certain silvery envelopes of tissue paper, she merely exclaimed-

untying - disfare, sciogliere, slegare, sciogliersi

cord - cordone

lid - coperchio, tappo

impediment - impedimento

envelopes - busta

tissue paper - carta velina

"Oh ciel! Que c'est beau!" and then remained absorbed in ecstatic contemplation.

que - ordine del giorno

absorbed in - assorbito in

ecstatic - estatico

"Is Miss Eyre there?" now demanded the master, half rising from his seat to look round to the door, near which I still stood.

look round - guardarsi intorno

"Ah! well, come forward; be seated here." He drew a chair near his own. "I am not fond of the prattle of children," he continued; "for, old bachelor as I am, I have no pleasant associations connected with their lisp. It would be intolerable to me to pass a whole evening tęte-ŕ-tęte with a brat.

bachelor - scapolo, celibe, zito, zitello, baccelliere

associations - associazione

tęte - tete

ŕ - a

brat - monello

Don't draw that chair farther off, Miss Eyre; sit down exactly where I placed it-if you please, that is. Confound these civilities! I continually forget them. Nor do I particularly affect simple-minded old ladies. By-the-bye, I must have mine in mind; it won't do to neglect her; she is a Fairfax, or wed to one; and blood is said to be thicker than water."

Confound - confondere

affect - avere effetto su

neglect - mancare, negligere, omettere, ignorare, tralasciare, negligenza

wed - sposare, sposarsi

He rang, and despatched an invitation to Mrs. Fairfax, who soon arrived, knitting-basket in hand.

despatched - spedizione

invitation - invito

basket - cestino, cesto, canestro, cesta

"Good evening, madam; I sent to you for a charitable purpose. I have forbidden Adčle to talk to me about her presents, and she is bursting with repletion: have the goodness to serve her as auditress and interlocutrice; it will be one of the most benevolent acts you ever performed."

forbidden - proibire, vietare, negare, smentire

bursting - scoppiare, esplodere, strappare, separare, scoppio, esplosione

repletion - esaurimento

auditress - revisore dei conti

performed - eseguire, comportarsi con correttezza, adempiere, recitare

Adčle, indeed, no sooner saw Mrs. Fairfax, than she summoned her to her sofa, and there quickly filled her lap with the porcelain, the ivory, the waxen contents of her "boite;" pouring out, meantime, explanations and raptures in such broken English as she was mistress of.

lap - leccare

porcelain - porcellana

ivory - avorio, eburneo

waxen - cera

pouring out - versare

raptures - rapimento, estasi

"Now I have performed the part of a good host," pursued Mr. Rochester, "put my guests into the way of amusing each other, I ought to be at liberty to attend to my own pleasure. Miss Eyre, draw your chair still a little farther forward: you are yet too far back; I cannot see you without disturbing my position in this comfortable chair, which I have no mind to do."

Host - (padrone di casa)

guests - ospite, invitato, convitato, cliente

amusing - divertente, esilarante, ilare

disturbing - disturbare

I did as I was bid, though I would much rather have remained somewhat in the shade; but Mr. Rochester had such a direct way of giving orders, it seemed a matter of course to obey him promptly.

We were, as I have said, in the dining-room: the lustre, which had been lit for dinner, filled the room with a festal breadth of light; the large fire was all red and clear; the purple curtains hung rich and ample before the lofty window and loftier arch; everything was still, save the subdued chat of Adčle (she dared not speak loud), and, filling up each pause, the beating of winter rain against the panes.

festal - festivo

large fire - grande fuoco

loftier - maestoso, alto, nobile

chat - chiacchierare

filling up - riempire

Mr. Rochester, as he sat in his damask-covered chair, looked different to what I had seen him look before; not quite so stern-much less gloomy. There was a smile on his lips, and his eyes sparkled, whether with wine or not, I am not sure; but I think it very probable.

sparkled - scintillio, luccichio

probable - probabile

He was, in short, in his after-dinner mood; more expanded and genial, and also more self-indulgent than the frigid and rigid temper of the morning; still he looked preciously grim, cushioning his massive head against the swelling back of his chair, and receiving the light of the fire on his granite-hewn features, and in his great, dark eyes; for he had great, dark eyes, and very fine eyes, too-not without a certain change in their depths sometimes, which, if it was not softness, reminded you, at least, of that feeling.

preciously - preziosamente

cushioning - cuscino, sponda, ammortizzare, attutire

granite - granito

hewn - sbozzato

softness - morbidezza

He had been looking two minutes at the fire, and I had been looking the same length of time at him, when, turning suddenly, he caught my gaze fastened on his physiognomy.

gaze - fissare, guardare, puntare gli occhi, volgere lo sguardo

"You examine me, Miss Eyre," said he: "do you think me handsome?"

I should, if I had deliberated, have replied to this question by something conventionally vague and polite; but the answer somehow slipped from my tongue before I was aware-"No, sir."

conventionally - convenzionalmente

polite - cortese, educato

"Ah! By my word!

there is something singular about you," said he: "you have the air of a little nonnette; quaint, quiet, grave, and simple, as you sit with your hands before you, and your eyes generally bent on the carpet (except, by-the-bye, when they are directed piercingly to my face; as just now, for instance); and when one asks you a question, or makes a remark to which you are obliged to reply, you rap out a round rejoinder, which, if not blunt, is at least brusque. What do you mean by it?"

nonnette - ordine del giorno

bent on - essere determinato

piercingly - in modo penetrante

rap - colpo, colpetto

brusque - brusco, sbrigativo, spicciativo, spiccio

"Sir, I was too plain; I beg your pardon. I ought to have replied that it was not easy to give an impromptu answer to a question about appearances; that tastes mostly differ; and that beauty is of little consequence, or something of that sort."

impromptu - improvvisato, improvvisata

mostly - soprattutto, per lo piu

differ - differire

"You ought to have replied no such thing. Beauty of little consequence, indeed! And so, under pretence of softening the previous outrage, of stroking and soothing me into placidity, you stick a sly penknife under my ear! Go on: what fault do you find with me, pray? I suppose I have all my limbs and all my features like any other man?"

pretence - finzione

previous - previo

outrage - oltraggio, sdegno, indignazione, oltraggiare

stroking - accarezzare

placidity - placidita, placidezza

sly - furbo, sornione, subdolo, furtivo

penknife - coltellino

"Mr. Rochester, allow me to disown my first answer: I intended no pointed repartee: it was only a blunder."

repartee - botta e risposta

blunder - abbaglio, strafalcione, cantonata, sfondone

"Just so: I think so: and you shall be answerable for it. Criticise me: does my forehead not please you?"

answerable - rispondere

criticise - criticare

He lifted up the sable waves of hair which lay horizontally over his brow, and showed a solid enough mass of intellectual organs, but an abrupt deficiency where the suave sign of benevolence should have risen.

waves - onda

horizontally - orizzontalmente

intellectual - intellettuale

organs - organo

suave - soave

benevolence - benevolenza

"Now, ma'am, am I a fool?"

"Far from it, sir. You would, perhaps, think me rude if I inquired in return whether you are a philanthropist?"

philanthropist - filantropo

"There again! Another stick of the penknife, when she pretended to pat my head: and that is because I said I did not like the society of children and old women (low be it spoken!).

pretended - fingere, fare finta, far credere

Pat - colpetto, buffetto

No, young lady, I am not a general philanthropist; but I bear a conscience;" and he pointed to the prominences which are said to indicate that faculty, and which, fortunately for him, were sufficiently conspicuous; giving, indeed, a marked breadth to the upper part of his head: "and, besides, I once had a kind of rude tenderness of heart.

prominences - prominenza, sporgenza, protuberanza

indicate - indicare, mostrare

tenderness - tenerezza

When I was as old as you, I was a feeling fellow enough, partial to the unfledged, unfostered, and unlucky; but Fortune has knocked me about since: she has even kneaded me with her knuckles, and now I flatter myself I am hard and tough as an India-rubber ball; pervious, though, through a chink or two still, and with one sentient point in the middle of the lump. Yes: does that leave hope for me?

partial - parziale

unfledged - non fuso

unfostered - non sostenuti

unlucky - sfortunato

kneaded - manipolare, impastare, massaggiare, amalgamare

tough - duro, coriaceo, resistente, bullo, checkduro

India - Imola, India

rubber - gomma, di gomma

pervious - permeabile

chink - fessura

sentient - senziente

lump - gonfiore, gnocco, cucchiaino, zolla, zolletta


"Hope of what, sir?"

"Of my final re-transformation from India-rubber back to flesh?"

transformation - trasformazione

"Decidedly he has had too much wine," I thought; and I did not know what answer to make to his queer question: how could I tell whether he was capable of being re-transformed?

decidedly - decisamente

"You looked very much puzzled, Miss Eyre; and though you are not pretty any more than I am handsome, yet a puzzled air becomes you; besides, it is convenient, for it keeps those searching eyes of yours away from my physiognomy, and busies them with the worsted flowers of the rug; so puzzle on. Young lady, I am disposed to be gregarious and communicative to-night."

puzzle - mistero, rompicapo, indovinello, rendere perplesso

searching - ricerca, cercare, buscare

worsted - pettinato, (worst), il peggiore, pessimo, peggiore

gregarious - socievole

communicative - comunicativo

With this announcement he rose from his chair, and stood, leaning his arm on the marble mantelpiece: in that attitude his shape was seen plainly as well as his face; his unusual breadth of chest, disproportionate almost to his length of limb.

announcement - annuncio

disproportionate - spropositato, esagerato, sproporzionato, smisurato

I am sure most people would have thought him an ugly man; yet there was so much unconscious pride in his port; so much ease in his demeanour; such a look of complete indifference to his own external appearance; so haughty a reliance on the power of other qualities, intrinsic or adventitious, to atone for the lack of mere personal attractiveness, that, in looking at him, one inevitably shared the indifference, and, even in a blind, imperfect sense, put faith in the confidence.

unconscious - svenuto, subconscio

haughty - superbo, orgoglioso, altero, altezzoso

reliance - fiducia, confidenza, dipendenza, affidamento

intrinsic - intrinseco

adventitious - esogeno, aleatorio, acquisito, ectopico, ausiliario, avventizio

atone - espiare

attractiveness - attrattiva

inevitably - inevitabilmente

"I am disposed to be gregarious and communicative to-night," he repeated, "and that is why I sent for you: the fire and the chandelier were not sufficient company for me; nor would Pilot have been, for none of these can talk. Adčle is a degree better, but still far below the mark; Mrs.

Fairfax ditto; you, I am persuaded, can suit me if you will: you puzzled me the first evening I invited you down here. I have almost forgotten you since: other ideas have driven yours from my head; but to-night I am resolved to be at ease; to dismiss what importunes, and recall what pleases. It would please me now to draw you out-to learn more of you-therefore speak."

Ditto - detto, predetto, idem, come sopra

persuaded - persuadere, convincere

suit - vestito, abito, seme, colore, soddisfare, adattarsi

at ease - riposato

dismiss - licenziare, congedare, mandare via, dimettere, rompere le righe

importunes - importunare

Instead of speaking, I smiled; and not a very complacent or submissive smile either.

complacent - compiaciuto

submissive - sottomesso

"Speak," he urged.

"What about, sir?"

"Whatever you like. I leave both the choice of subject and the manner of treating it entirely to yourself."

treating - curare, (treat), trattare, trattenimento, festeggiamento

Accordingly I sat and said nothing: "If he expects me to talk for the mere sake of talking and showing off, he will find he has addressed himself to the wrong person," I thought.

showing off - mettersi in mostra

"You are dumb, Miss Eyre."

I was dumb still. He bent his head a little towards me, and with a single hasty glance seemed to dive into my eyes.

dive - tuffarsi

"Stubborn?" he said, "and annoyed. Ah! it is consistent. I put my request in an absurd, almost insolent form. Miss Eyre, I beg your pardon. The fact is, once for all, I don't wish to treat you like an inferior: that is" (correcting himself), "I claim only such superiority as must result from twenty years'difference in age and a century's advance in experience.

stubborn - ostinato, testardo

annoyed - infastidirsi, infastidire, importunare, disturbare

consistent - costante, continuo, coerente, conforme, compatibile

once for all - una volta per tutte

superiority - superiorita

result from - derivare da, risultare da

advance - avanzare, progredire, anticipare, migliorare, avvicinarsi

This is legitimate, et j'y tiens, as Adčle would say; and it is by virtue of this superiority, and this alone, that I desire you to have the goodness to talk to me a little now, and divert my thoughts, which are galled with dwelling on one point-cankering as a rusty nail."

legitimate - legittimo

et - e

divert - deviare, distrarre, divertirsi, distrarsi

galled - bile, fiele

cankering - afta epizootica

nail - unghia

He had deigned an explanation, almost an apology, and I did not feel insensible to his condescension, and would not seem so.

deigned - degnarsi

apology - apologia, scuse

insensible - privo di sensi

"I am willing to amuse you, if I can, sir-quite willing; but I cannot introduce a topic, because how do I know what will interest you? Ask me questions, and I will do my best to answer them."

"Then, in the first place, do you agree with me that I have a right to be a little masterful, abrupt, perhaps exacting, sometimes, on the grounds I stated, namely, that I am old enough to be your father, and that I have battled through a varied experience with many men of many nations, and roamed over half the globe, while you have lived quietly with one set of people in one house?"

masterful - magistrale

stated - stato, dichiarare, statuire, esporre, indicare

battled - battaglia

roamed - vagare, girovagare

globe - globo

"Do as you please, sir."

"That is no answer; or rather it is a very irritating, because a very evasive one. Reply clearly."

irritating - irritare

"I don't think, sir, you have a right to command me, merely because you are older than I, or because you have seen more of the world than I have; your claim to superiority depends on the use you have made of your time and experience."

depends - dipendere, fare affidamento

"Humph! Promptly spoken. But I won't allow that, seeing that it would never suit my case, as I have made an indifferent, not to say a bad, use of both advantages. Leaving superiority out of the question, then, you must still agree to receive my orders now and then, without being piqued or hurt by the tone of command. Will you?"

piqued - irritazione

I smiled: I thought to myself Mr. Rochester is peculiar-he seems to forget that he pays me Ł30 per annum for receiving his orders.

"The smile is very well," said he, catching instantly the passing expression; "but speak too."

catching - catturare, (catch), presa, conquista, fermaglio

"I was thinking, sir, that very few masters would trouble themselves to inquire whether or not their paid subordinates were piqued and hurt by their orders."

masters - padrone

subordinates - subordinato

"Paid subordinates! What! you are my paid subordinate, are you? Oh yes, I had forgotten the salary! Well then, on that mercenary ground, will you agree to let me hector a little?"

subordinate - subordinato

mercenary - mercenario

Hector - , Ettore

"No, sir, not on that ground; but, on the ground that you did forget it, and that you care whether or not a dependent is comfortable in his dependency, I agree heartily."

dependency - dipendenza

heartily - caldamente, sentitamente, giovialmente

"And will you consent to dispense with a great many conventional forms and phrases, without thinking that the omission arises from insolence?"

consent - consentire, consenso

dispense - dispensare

conventional - convenzionale

omission - omissione

arises from - derivare di

insolence - insolenza

"I am sure, sir, I should never mistake informality for insolence: one I rather like, the other nothing free-born would submit to, even for a salary."

informality - informalita

"Humbug! Most things free-born will submit to anything for a salary; therefore, keep to yourself, and don't venture on generalities of which you are intensely ignorant.

Venture - avventura, azzardo, impresa, avventurarsi, azzardare, osare

generalities - generalita

However, I mentally shake hands with you for your answer, despite its inaccuracy; and as much for the manner in which it was said, as for the substance of the speech; the manner was frank and sincere; one does not often see such a manner: no, on the contrary, affectation, or coldness, or stupid, coarse-minded misapprehension of one's meaning are the usual rewards of candour.

shake hands - stringere la mano

despite - nonostante, sebbene, malgrado

inaccuracy - inesattezza

Speech - parola, discorso

affectation - affettazione

stupid - stupido, scemo, stupefatto

misapprehension - fraintendimento

rewards - ricompensa

candour - candore

Not three in three thousand raw school-girl-governesses would have answered me as you have just done. But I don't mean to flatter you: if you are cast in a different mould to the majority, it is no merit of yours: Nature did it.

mould - terriccio

majority - maggioranza, maggiore eta

And then, after all, I go too fast in my conclusions: for what I yet know, you may be no better than the rest; you may have intolerable defects to counterbalance your few good points."

conclusions - conclusione

counterbalance - contrappeso

"And so may you," I thought. My eye met his as the idea crossed my mind: he seemed to read the glance, answering as if its import had been spoken as well as imagined-

"Yes, yes, you are right," said he; "I have plenty of faults of my own: I know it, and I don't wish to palliate them, I assure you. God wot I need not be too severe about others; I have a past existence, a series of deeds, a colour of life to contemplate within my own breast, which might well call my sneers and censures from my neighbours to myself.

plenty - abbondanza, cuccagna, abbondantemente

palliate - palliativo

wot - Cosa

series - serie

contemplate - considerare, contemplare

sneers - ghignare, sogghignare, ghigno, sogghigno

censures - biasimare, criticare

I started, or rather (for like other defaulters, I like to lay half the blame on ill fortune and adverse circumstances) was thrust on to a wrong tack at the age of one-and-twenty, and have never recovered the right course since: but I might have been very different; I might have been as good as you-wiser-almost as stainless.

defaulters - inadempiente

adverse - contrario, avverso, ostile

tack - bulletta, puntina

recovered - rimettersi, riprendersi

wiser - saggezza

stainless - inox, inossidabile, pulito, pulita

I envy you your peace of mind, your clean conscience, your unpolluted memory. Little girl, a memory without blot or contamination must be an exquisite treasure-an inexhaustible source of pure refreshment: is it not?"

envy - invidia, invidiare

unpolluted - incontaminato

blot - macchia, macchiare, assorbire

contamination - contaminazione

exquisite - squisito, delizioso

inexhaustible - inesauribile

"How was your memory when you were eighteen, sir?"

"All right then; limpid, salubrious: no gush of bilge water had turned it to fetid puddle. I was your equal at eighteen-quite your equal. Nature meant me to be, on the whole, a good man, Miss Eyre; one of the better kind, and you see I am not so.

limpid - limpido

salubrious - salubre

gush - sgorgare, zampillare

bilge - sentina, fesserie, idiozie, sciocchezze

puddle - pozzanghera

You would say you don't see it; at least I flatter myself I read as much in your eye (beware, by-the-bye, what you express with that organ; I am quick at interpreting its language).

Beware - temere, guardarsi, fare attenzione

interpreting - interpretare

Then take my word for it,-I am not a villain: you are not to suppose that-not to attribute to me any such bad eminence; but, owing, I verily believe, rather to circumstances than to my natural bent, I am a trite commonplace sinner, hackneyed in all the poor petty dissipations with which the rich and worthless try to put on life. Do you wonder that I avow this to you?

villain - canaglia, furfante, mascalzone, farabutto

attribute to - attribuire a

eminence - eminenza

sinner - peccatore, peccatrice

hackneyed - carrozza da nolo, taxi

petty - meschino, piccolo

dissipations - dissipazione

avow - dichiarare, affermare

Know, that in the course of your future life you will often find yourself elected the involuntary confidant of your acquaintances'secrets: people will instinctively find out, as I have done, that it is not your forte to tell of yourself, but to listen while others talk of themselves; they will feel, too, that you listen with no malevolent scorn of their indiscretion, but with a kind of innate sympathy; not the less comforting and encouraging because it is very unobtrusive in its manifestations."

elected - eleggere

confidant - confidente

acquaintances - conoscenza

indiscretion - indiscrezione

innate - innato

comforting - agio, comodita, benessere

unobtrusive - discreto

manifestations - manifestazione

"How do you know?-how can you guess all this, sir?"

"I know it well; therefore I proceed almost as freely as if I were writing my thoughts in a diary. You would say, I should have been superior to circumstances; so I should-so I should; but you see I was not. When fate wronged me, I had not the wisdom to remain cool: I turned desperate; then I degenerated.

proceed - procedere

diary - diario

wisdom - saggezza, senno, discernimento, criterio

degenerated - snaturato, scellerato, degenerato, degenerare

Now, when any vicious simpleton excites my disgust by his paltry ribaldry, I cannot flatter myself that I am better than he: I am forced to confess that he and I are on a level. I wish I had stood firm-God knows I do! Dread remorse when you are tempted to err, Miss Eyre; remorse is the poison of life."

simpleton - sempliciotto, semplicione, babbeo, minchione

excites - stimolare, eccitare, riaccendere, provocare

paltry - ridicolo, insignificante, modesto, irrisorio

ribaldry - la ribalderia

tempted - tentare

err - errare

poison - veleno, avvelenare, intossicare

"Repentance is said to be its cure, sir."

repentance - pentimento, rimorso

"It is not its cure. Reformation may be its cure; and I could reform-I have strength yet for that-if-but where is the use of thinking of it, hampered, burdened, cursed as I am? Besides, since happiness is irrevocably denied me, I have a right to get pleasure out of life: and I will get it, cost what it may."

reformation - riforma protestante, scisma protestante

hampered - intralciare

cursed - maledetto

irrevocably - irrevolcabilmente

"Then you will degenerate still more, sir."

"Possibly: yet why should I, if I can get sweet, fresh pleasure? And I may get it as sweet and fresh as the wild honey the bee gathers on the moor."

honey - miele, carino, tesoro, gioia

bee - ape

gathers - cogliere, collezionare, radunarsi, raccogliere, bottinare

moor - landa, brughiera

"It will sting-it will taste bitter, sir."

sting - pungiglione, aculeo

"How do you know?-you never tried it. How very serious-how very solemn you look: and you are as ignorant of the matter as this cameo head" (taking one from the mantelpiece). "You have no right to preach to me, you neophyte, that have not passed the porch of life, and are absolutely unacquainted with its mysteries."

cameo - cammeo

preach - predicare

neophyte - neofita

porch - veranda, portico

absolutely - assolutamente

unacquainted - non conosciuto

mysteries - mistero, arcano, enigma

"I only remind you of your own words, sir: you said error brought remorse, and you pronounced remorse the poison of existence."

"And who talks of error now? I scarcely think the notion that flittered across my brain was an error. I believe it was an inspiration rather than a temptation: it was very genial, very soothing-I know that. Here it comes again! It is no devil, I assure you; or if it be, it has put on the robes of an angel of light. I think I must admit so fair a guest when it asks entrance to my heart."

inspiration - inspirazione, inalazione, respiro, ispirazione, illuminazione

temptation - tentazione

devil - diavolo

guest - ospite, invitato, convitato, cliente

"Distrust it, sir; it is not a true angel."

distrust - diffidenza, sfiducia, diffido

"Once more, how do you know? By what instinct do you pretend to distinguish between a fallen seraph of the abyss and a messenger from the eternal throne-between a guide and a seducer?"

pretend - fingere, fare finta, far credere

messenger - messaggero, corriere

eternal - eterno

seducer - seduttore

"I judged by your countenance, sir, which was troubled when you said the suggestion had returned upon you. I feel sure it will work you more misery if you listen to it."

judged - giudicare

misery - miseria, accidente

"Not at all-it bears the most gracious message in the world: for the rest, you are not my conscience-keeper, so don't make yourself uneasy. Here, come in, bonny wanderer!"

bears - sopportare

most gracious - il piu cortese/ gentile

keeper - portiere

uneasy - ansioso, agitato

He said this as if he spoke to a vision, viewless to any eye but his own; then, folding his arms, which he had half extended, on his chest, he seemed to enclose in their embrace the invisible being.

"Now," he continued, again addressing me, "I have received the pilgrim-a disguised deity, as I verily believe. Already it has done me good: my heart was a sort of charnel; it will now be a shrine."

pilgrim - pellegrino

disguised - camuffamento, travestimento, mascheramento, camuffarsi

Deity - deita, divinita

"To speak truth, sir, I don't understand you at all: I cannot keep up the conversation, because it has got out of my depth. Only one thing, I know: you said you were not as good as you should like to be, and that you regretted your own imperfection;-one thing I can comprehend: you intimated that to have a sullied memory was a perpetual bane.

I cannot keep up - Non riesco a tenere il passo

imperfection - imperfezione

perpetual - perpetuo, perenne

bane - rovina

It seems to me, that if you tried hard, you would in time find it possible to become what you yourself would approve; and that if from this day you began with resolution to correct your thoughts and actions, you would in a few years have laid up a new and stainless store of recollections, to which you might revert with pleasure."

revert - convertito, ritornare, retrocedere, ribaltare, invertire

"Justly thought; rightly said, Miss Eyre; and, at this moment, I am paving hell with energy."

paving - pavimentazione, (pave), lastricare, pavimentare


"I am laying down good intentions, which I believe durable as flint. Certainly, my associates and pursuits shall be other than they have been."

laying down - sdraiarsi

intentions - intenzione, intento

durable - durabile

Flint - selce

associates - associare

pursuits - ricerca, perseguimento, caccia, passatempo

"And better?"

"And better-so much better as pure ore is than foul dross. You seem to doubt me; I don't doubt myself: I know what my aim is, what my motives are; and at this moment I pass a law, unalterable as that of the Medes and Persians, that both are right."

ore - minerale

foul - cattivo

dross - scorie

motives - motivo

unalterable - inalterabile

Persians - Persiano

"They cannot be, sir, if they require a new statute to legalise them."

statute - statuto, legge

legalise - legalizzare

"They are, Miss Eyre, though they absolutely require a new statute: unheard-of combinations of circumstances demand unheard-of rules."

unheard - inascoltato

combinations - combinazione

"That sounds a dangerous maxim, sir; because one can see at once that it is liable to abuse."

maxim - massima

"Sententious sage! so it is: but I swear by my household gods not to abuse it."

sententious - conciso, succinto, laconico

sage - salvia

swear - giurare

gods - Dio

"You are human and fallible."

fallible - fallibile

"I am: so are you-what then?"

"The human and fallible should not arrogate a power with which the divine and perfect alone can be safely intrusted."

arrogate - arrogare

safely - sicuramente, senza problemi, in sicurezza, senza rischi

"What power?"

"That of saying of any strange, unsanctioned line of action,-'Let it be right.'"

unsanctioned - non approvato, non autorizzato

"'Let it be right'-the very words: you have pronounced them."

"May it be right then," I said, as I rose, deeming it useless to continue a discourse which was all darkness to me; and, besides, sensible that the character of my interlocutor was beyond my penetration; at least, beyond its present reach; and feeling the uncertainty, the vague sense of insecurity, which accompanies a conviction of ignorance.

interlocutor - interlocutore

penetration - penetrazione

insecurity - insicurezza

accompanies - accompagnare

"Where are you going?"

"To put Adčle to bed: it is past her bedtime."

"You are afraid of me, because I talk like a Sphynx."

"Your language is enigmatical, sir: but though I am bewildered, I am certainly not afraid."

enigmatical - enigmatico

"You are afraid-your self-love dreads a blunder."

self-love - (self-love) amore per se stessi

dreads - temere, timore

"In that sense I do feel apprehensive-I have no wish to talk nonsense."

"If you did, it would be in such a grave, quiet manner, I should mistake it for sense. Do you never laugh, Miss Eyre? Don't trouble yourself to answer-I see you laugh rarely; but you can laugh very merrily: believe me, you are not naturally austere, any more than I am naturally vicious.

merrily - allegramente

austere - austero

The Lowood constraint still clings to you somewhat; controlling your features, muffling your voice, and restricting your limbs; and you fear in the presence of a man and a brother-or father, or master, or what you will-to smile too gaily, speak too freely, or move too quickly: but, in time, I think you will learn to be natural with me, as I find it impossible to be conventional with you; and then your looks and movements will have more vivacity and variety than they dare offer now. I see at intervals the glance of a curious sort of bird through the close-set bars of a cage: a vivid, restless, resolute captive is there; were it but free, it would soar cloud-high. You are still bent on going?"

constraint - vincolo, costrizione

clings to - aggrapparsi

muffling - smorzamento

restricting - restringere, limitare

vivacity - vivacita, vivezza, brillantezza, briosita

cage - gabbia, cabina

restless - instancabile, irrequieto

resolute - risoluto

captive - prigioniero, catturato, intrappolato

soar - volare (in alto), aumentare

"It has struck nine, sir."

"Never mind,-wait a minute: Adčle is not ready to go to bed yet. My position, Miss Eyre, with my back to the fire, and my face to the room, favours observation. While talking to you, I have also occasionally watched Adčle (I have my own reasons for thinking her a curious study,-reasons that I may, nay, that I shall, impart to you some day).

Nay - anzi, o per meglio dire

She pulled out of her box, about ten minutes ago, a little pink silk frock; rapture lit her face as she unfolded it; coquetry runs in her blood, blends with her brains, and seasons the marrow of her bones. 'Il faut que je l'essaie!'cried she, 'et ŕ l'instant męme!'and she rushed out of the room.

rapture - rapimento, estasi

unfolded - spiegare, stendere

coquetry - civetteria

blends - miscela, combinazione, mix, amalgama, mescolare

seasons - stagione

marrow - midollo

faut - ordine del giorno

essaie - ordine del giorno

męme - meme

She is now with Sophie, undergoing a robing process: in a few minutes she will re-enter; and I know what I shall see,-a miniature of Céline Varens, as she used to appear on the boards at the rising of-But never mind that. However, my tenderest feelings are about to receive a shock: such is my presentiment; stay now, to see whether it will be realised."

undergoing - soffrire, sottoporsi

robing - rapina

tenderest - tenero

presentiment - presentimento

Ere long, Adčle's little foot was heard tripping across the hall. She entered, transformed as her guardian had predicted. A dress of rose-coloured satin, very short, and as full in the skirt as it could be gathered, replaced the brown frock she had previously worn; a wreath of rosebuds circled her forehead; her feet were dressed in silk stockings and small white satin sandals.

little foot - piede piccolo

predicted - predire, profetizzare

previously - precedentemente, anteriormente, in antecedenza, antecedentemente

circled - cerchio, disco, sfera, curva, circolo, gruppo, cenacolo

silk stockings - calze di seta

sandals - sandalo

"Est-ce que ma robe va bien?" cried she, bounding forwards; "et mes souliers? et mes bas? Tenez, je crois que je vais danser!"

robe - veste, abito

souliers - ordine del giorno

crois - ordine del giorno

vais - ordine del giorno

danser - ordine del giorno

And spreading out her dress, she chasséed across the room till, having reached Mr. Rochester, she wheeled lightly round before him on tip-toe, then dropped on one knee at his feet, exclaiming-

spreading - diffondersi, (spread), spartire, allargare, spargere

chasséed - ordine del giorno

tip - punta

toe - dito del piede, dito, dito della zampa, punta

"Monsieur, je vous remercie mille fois de votre bonté;" then rising, she added, "C'est comme cela que maman faisait, n'est-ce pas, monsieur?"

remercie - ordine del giorno

fois - ordine del giorno

bonté - ordine del giorno

comme - ordine del giorno

maman - ordine del giorno

faisait - ordine del giorno

"Pre-cise-ly!" was the answer; "and, 'comme cela,'she charmed my English gold out of my British breeches'pocket. I have been green, too, Miss Eyre,-ay, grass green: not a more vernal tint freshens you now than once freshened me. My Spring is gone, however, but it has left me that French floweret on my hands, which, in some moods, I would fain be rid of.

cise - ordine del giorno

ly - lita

breeches - culatta

vernal - vernale

freshens - rinfrescare

freshened - rinfrescare

floweret - fiore

moods - umore

Not valuing now the root whence it sprang; having found that it was of a sort which nothing but gold dust could manure, I have but half a liking to the blossom, especially when it looks so artificial as just now. I keep it and rear it rather on the Roman Catholic principle of expiating numerous sins, great or small, by one good work. I'll explain all this some day. Good-night."

valuing - valore, valutare, stimare, apprezzare, valorizzare

root - radice

manure - letame, stallatico

blossom - bocciuolo, fiorire

Catholic - liberale, eclettico

expiating - espiare

sins - peccato


Mr. Rochester did, on a future occasion, explain it. It was one afternoon, when he chanced to meet me and Adčle in the grounds: and while she played with Pilot and her shuttlecock, he asked me to walk up and down a long beech avenue within sight of her.

shuttlecock - volano

walk up - salire

beech - faggio

avenue - viale, corso

He then said that she was the daughter of a French opera-dancer, Céline Varens, towards whom he had once cherished what he called a "grande passion." This passion Céline had professed to return with even superior ardour. He thought himself her idol, ugly as he was: he believed, as he said, that she preferred his "taille d'athlčte" to the elegance of the Apollo Belvidere.

professed - professare, dichiarare

idol - idolo, idol

athlčte - athlete

Apollo - apollo

"And, Miss Eyre, so much was I flattered by this preference of the Gallic sylph for her British gnome, that I installed her in an hotel; gave her a complete establishment of servants, a carriage, cashmeres, diamonds, dentelles, &c. In short, I began the process of ruining myself in the received style, like any other spoony.

flattered - adulare, lusingare

preference - preferenza

Gallic - gallico

sylph - silfide, silfo

gnome - gnomo

cashmeres - cachemire

Diamonds - diamante

dentelles - ordine del giorno

ruining - rovinare, (ruin), rovina

I had not, it seems, the originality to chalk out a new road to shame and destruction, but trode the old track with stupid exactness not to deviate an inch from the beaten centre. I had-as I deserved to have-the fate of all other spoonies.

originality - originalita

chalk - gesso, creta, gessetto

destruction - distruzione

exactness - esattezza

deviate - deviare

Happening to call one evening when Céline did not expect me, I found her out; but it was a warm night, and I was tired with strolling through Paris, so I sat down in her boudoir; happy to breathe the air consecrated so lately by her presence.

strolling - passeggiare, (stroll), passeggiata, camminata

breathe - respirare

consecrated - consacrare

No,-I exaggerate; I never thought there was any consecrating virtue about her: it was rather a sort of pastille perfume she had left; a scent of musk and amber, than an odour of sanctity. I was just beginning to stifle with the fumes of conservatory flowers and sprinkled essences, when I bethought myself to open the window and step out on to the balcony.

consecrating - consacrare

perfume - profumo, profumare

musk - muschio

amber - ambra, giallo, ambrato

sanctity - santita

sprinkled - spargere, spruzzare, aspergere, guarnire

essences - essenza

step out - mostrarsi in pubblico, ritirarsi dagli impegni, allontanarsi per un po'

balcony - balcone

It was moonlight and gaslight besides, and very still and serene. The balcony was furnished with a chair or two; I sat down, and took out a cigar,-I will take one now, if you will excuse me."

gaslight - luce di gas

cigar - sigaro

Here ensued a pause, filled up by the producing and lighting of a cigar; having placed it to his lips and breathed a trail of Havannah incense on the freezing and sunless air, he went on-

ensued - seguire, conseguire

producing - produrre, realizzare, fornire, prodotto, prodotti

trail - pedinare, seguire, inseguire, trascinare, trainare

incense - incenso, olibano

freezing - talian: t-needed

sunless - senza sole

"I liked bonbons too in those days, Miss Eyre, and I was croquant-(overlook the barbarism)-croquant chocolate comfits, and smoking alternately, watching meantime the equipages that rolled along the fashionable streets towards the neighbouring opera-house, when in an elegant close carriage drawn by a beautiful pair of English horses, and distinctly seen in the brilliant city-night, I recognised the 'voiture'I had given Céline. She was returning: of course my heart thumped with impatience against the iron rails I leant upon. The carriage stopped, as I had expected, at the hotel door; my flame (that is the very word for an opera inamorata) alighted: though muffed in a cloak-an unnecessary encumbrance, by-the-bye, on so warm a June evening-I knew her instantly by her little foot, seen peeping from the skirt of her dress, as she skipped from the carriage-step. Bending over the balcony, I was about to murmur 'Mon ange'-in a tone, of course, which should be audible to the ear of love alone-when a figure jumped from the carriage after her; cloaked also; but that was a spurred heel which had rung on the pavement, and that was a hatted head which now passed under the arched porte cochčre of the hotel.

bonbons - Bombón

croquant - ordine del giorno

overlook - dare su

barbarism - barbarie

smoking - fumare

equipages - equipaggiamento

fashionable - alla moda

thumped - colpo

Impatience - Impazienza

rails - sbarra, asta, staccionata, parapetto

muffed - muffa

encumbrance - ingombro

peeping - sbirciatina

skipped - saltare, saltellare

cloaked - tabarro, ammantare

arched - arco, arcata

cochčre - cochere

"You never felt jealousy, did you, Miss Eyre? Of course not: I need not ask you; because you never felt love. You have both sentiments yet to experience: your soul sleeps; the shock is yet to be given which shall waken it. You think all existence lapses in as quiet a flow as that in which your youth has hitherto slid away.

sentiments - sentimento

lapses - giri

slid - scivolare, (slide), slittare, derapare, scivolo

Floating on with closed eyes and muffled ears, you neither see the rocks bristling not far off in the bed of the Flood, nor hear the breakers boil at their base.

floating - fluttuante, (float), galleggiare, appianatoia, frattazzo

bristling - pelo ispido, barba corta ispida, setola, setole

the Flood - il Diluvio

breakers - rompitore

boil - bollire

But I tell you-and you may mark my words-you will come some day to a craggy pass in the channel, where the whole of life's stream will be broken up into whirl and tumult, foam and noise: either you will be dashed to atoms on crag points, or lifted up and borne on by some master-wave into a calmer current-as I am now.

pass in - passare

Channel - canale

be broken - essere rotto

whirl - turbinare, piroettare, roteare

dashed - lineetta, linea, scatto, spruzzo, pizzico, goccio, saltare

atoms - atomo

calmer - calmo

current - corrente, attuale, odierno

"I like this day; I like that sky of steel; I like the sternness and stillness of the world under this frost. I like Thornfield, its antiquity, its retirement, its old crow-trees and thorn-trees, its grey façade, and lines of dark windows reflecting that metal welkin: and yet how long have I abhorred the very thought of it, shunned it like a great plague-house? How I do still abhor-"

of steel - d'acciaio

sternness - severita

façade - facciata

reflecting - riflettere, essere riflesso, seguire, evidenziare, riportare

welkin - the upper atmosphere occupied by clouds, flying birds, etc

abhorred - aborrire, abominare

plague - peste, pestilenza, piaga, calamita, affliggere, molestare

He ground his teeth and was silent: he arrested his step and struck his boot against the hard ground. Some hated thought seemed to have him in its grip, and to hold him so tightly that he could not advance.

grip - impugnare, avvincere

tightly - strettamente

We were ascending the avenue when he thus paused; the hall was before us. Lifting his eye to its battlements, he cast over them a glare such as I never saw before or since. Pain, shame, ire, impatience, disgust, detestation, seemed momentarily to hold a quivering conflict in the large pupil dilating under his ebon eyebrow.

detestation - detestazione

dilating - dilatare, dilatarsi

eyebrow - sopracciglio

Wild was the wrestle which should be paramount; but another feeling rose and triumphed: something hard and cynical: self-willed and resolute: it settled his passion and petrified his countenance: he went on-

wrestle - lottare

paramount - capitale, essenziale, fondamentale, primordiale

triumphed - trionfo

cynical - cinico

"During the moment I was silent, Miss Eyre, I was arranging a point with my destiny. She stood there, by that beech-trunk-a hag like one of those who appeared to Macbeth on the heath of Forres. 'You like Thornfield?

hag - strega, vecchiaccia

'she said, lifting her finger; and then she wrote in the air a memento, which ran in lurid hieroglyphics all along the house-front, between the upper and lower row of windows, 'Like it if you can! Like it if you dare!'

finger - dito

memento - memento, ricordo

hieroglyphics - geroglifico

"'I will like it,'said I; 'I dare like it;'and" (he subjoined moodily) "I will keep my word; I will break obstacles to happiness, to goodness-yes, goodness. I wish to be a better man than I have been, than I am; as Job's leviathan broke the spear, the dart, and the habergeon, hindrances which others count as iron and brass, I will esteem but straw and rotten wood."

moodily - di malumore

obstacles - ostacolo, inciampo

leviathan - leviatano

spear - lancia

hindrances - impaccio, ostacolo, impedimento

Adčle here ran before him with her shuttlecock. "Away!" he cried harshly; "keep at a distance, child; or go in to Sophie!" Continuing then to pursue his walk in silence, I ventured to recall him to the point whence he had abruptly diverged-

continuing - continuare

diverged - distaccarsi

"Did you leave the balcony, sir," I asked, "when Mdlle. Varens entered?"

I almost expected a rebuff for this hardly well-timed question, but, on the contrary, waking out of his scowling abstraction, he turned his eyes towards me, and the shade seemed to clear off his brow. "Oh, I had forgotten Céline! Well, to resume.

rebuff - rifiuto

scowling - accigliato

clear off - andarsene

When I saw my charmer thus come in accompanied by a cavalier, I seemed to hear a hiss, and the green snake of jealousy, rising on undulating coils from the moonlit balcony, glided within my waistcoat, and ate its way in two minutes to my heart's core. Strange!" he exclaimed, suddenly starting again from the point.

charmer - incantatore

cavalier - noncurante, cavaliere

hiss - sibilo, soffio, sibilio, checkfischio, sibilare, fischiare

undulating - ondulare

Coils - attorcigliarsi

moonlit - al chiaro di luna, (moonlight), chiaro di luna, lavorare in nero

core - torsolo, nucleo

"Strange that I should choose you for the confidant of all this, young lady; passing strange that you should listen to me quietly, as if it were the most usual thing in the world for a man like me to tell stories of his opera-mistresses to a quaint, inexperienced girl like you!

most usual - piu usuale

mistresses - signora, padrona, maestra, amante, dominatrice

But the last singularity explains the first, as I intimated once before: you, with your gravity, considerateness, and caution were made to be the recipient of secrets. Besides, I know what sort of a mind I have placed in communication with my own: I know it is one not liable to take infection: it is a peculiar mind: it is a unique one.

Singularity - singolarita

considerateness - considerazione

caution - cautela, prudenza

recipient - destinatario, beneficiario, ricevente, recipiente

Happily I do not mean to harm it: but, if I did, it would not take harm from me. The more you and I converse, the better; for while I cannot blight you, you may refresh me." After this digression he proceeded-

harm - danno, male, ferita, svantaggio, danneggiare

refresh - rinfrescare

digression - divagazione

"I remained in the balcony. 'They will come to her boudoir, no doubt,'thought I: 'let me prepare an ambush.

ambush - imboscata

' So putting my hand in through the open window, I drew the curtain over it, leaving only an opening through which I could take observations; then I closed the casement, all but a chink just wide enough to furnish an outlet to lovers'whispered vows: then I stole back to my chair; and as I resumed it the pair came in. My eye was quickly at the aperture.

lovers - amante

vows - voto, giurare, votare

Stole - Rubato, (steal), rubare, derubare, fregare, accattivarsi

Céline's chamber-maid entered, lit a lamp, left it on the table, and withdrew.

The couple were thus revealed to me clearly: both removed their cloaks, and there was 'the Varens,'shining in satin and jewels,-my gifts of course,-and there was her companion in an officer's uniform; and I knew him for a young roué of a vicomte-a brainless and vicious youth whom I had sometimes met in society, and had never thought of hating because I despised him so absolutely.

couple - coppia, paio, agganciare, accoppiare

cloaks - tabarro, ammantare

gifts - regalo, dono, presente, talento, regalare

officer - funzionario, ufficiale, agente, checkufficiale

roué - ordine del giorno

vicomte - visconte

brainless - senza cervello

despised - disprezzare

On recognising him, the fang of the snake Jealousy was instantly broken; because at the same moment my love for Céline sank under an extinguisher. A woman who could betray me for such a rival was not worth contending for; she deserved only scorn; less, however, than I, who had been her dupe.

recognising - riconoscere

Fang - zanna

extinguisher - estintore

betray - consegnare, tradire, rivelare

rival - rivale, competitore, antagonista, avversario

contending - contendere

dupe - vittima

"They began to talk; their conversation eased me completely: frivolous, mercenary, heartless, and senseless, it was rather calculated to weary than enrage a listener. A card of mine lay on the table; this being perceived, brought my name under discussion.

eased - facilita, riposo, attenuare

heartless - senza cuore

senseless - svenuto, senza capo né coda

enrage - esasperare, imbestialire, irritare

listener - ascoltatore, ascoltatrice, uditore, uditrice

discussion - discussione

Neither of them possessed energy or wit to belabour me soundly, but they insulted me as coarsely as they could in their little way: especially Céline, who even waxed rather brilliant on my personal defects-deformities she termed them.

belabour - sminuire

insulted - offendere, insultare, insulto, offesa, oltraggio

coarsely - grevemente, grossolanamente, grossomodo, rozzamente

waxed - cerume

deformities - deformita

Now it had been her custom to launch out into fervent admiration of what she called my 'beauté mâle:'wherein she differed diametrically from you, who told me point-blank, at the second interview, that you did not think me handsome. The contrast struck me at the time and-"

launch - lanciare, mettere in acqua*

beauté - ordine del giorno

mâle - ordine del giorno

differed - differire

Adčle here came running up again.

"Monsieur, John has just been to say that your agent has called and wishes to see you."

"Ah! in that case I must abridge. Opening the window, I walked in upon them; liberated Céline from my protection; gave her notice to vacate her hotel; offered her a purse for immediate exigencies; disregarded screams, hysterics, prayers, protestations, convulsions; made an appointment with the vicomte for a meeting at the Bois de Boulogne.

abridge - accorciare, abbreviare, ridurre, privare, limitare

liberated - liberare

exigencies - necessita

screams - urlo, grido, gridare, sbraitare, urlare

Hysterics - isterica

protestations - protesta

convulsions - convulsione

appointment - appuntamento

Next morning I had the pleasure of encountering him; left a bullet in one of his poor etiolated arms, feeble as the wing of a chicken in the pip, and then thought I had done with the whole crew.

encountering - incontrare, imbattersi in

bullet - pallottola, proiettile

etiolated - eziolare

Wing - ala, squadra, parafango

pip - seme

crew - equipaggio

But unluckily the Varens, six months before, had given me this filette Adčle, who, she affirmed, was my daughter; and perhaps she may be, though I see no proofs of such grim paternity written in her countenance: Pilot is more like me than she. Some years after I had broken with the mother, she abandoned her child, and ran away to Italy with a musician or singer.

unluckily - sfortunatamente, purtroppo

filette - filetto

proofs - prova

paternity - paternita

Italy - Italia, Stivale, bel paese

musician - musicista, musico

I acknowledged no natural claim on Adčle's part to be supported by me, nor do I now acknowledge any, for I am not her father; but hearing that she was quite destitute, I e'en took the poor thing out of the slime and mud of Paris, and transplanted it here, to grow up clean in the wholesome soil of an English country garden. Mrs.

acknowledge - riconoscere, ammettere, confermare

destitute - bisognoso, indigente

slime - melma, fanghiglia, poltiglia

mud - fango

transplanted - trapiantare, trapianto

wholesome - salubre

soil - suolo, terreno, terra

Fairfax found you to train it; but now you know that it is the illegitimate offspring of a French opera-girl, you will perhaps think differently of your post and protégée: you will be coming to me some day with notice that you have found another place-that you beg me to look out for a new governess, &c.-Eh?"

illegitimate - illegale, illegittimo

offspring - discendente, figlio, figlia, discendenti, prole

differently - differentemente, diversamente

protégée - protetto

eh - eh

"No: Adčle is not answerable for either her mother's faults or yours: I have a regard for her; and now that I know she is, in a sense, parentless-forsaken by her mother and disowned by you, sir-I shall cling closer to her than before.

disowned - disconoscere

How could I possibly prefer the spoilt pet of a wealthy family, who would hate her governess as a nuisance, to a lonely little orphan, who leans towards her as a friend?"

pet - animale domestico

leans - pendere

"Oh, that is the light in which you view it! Well, I must go in now; and you too: it darkens."

darkens - imbrunire

But I stayed out a few minutes longer with Adčle and Pilot-ran a race with her, and played a game of battledore and shuttlecock.

battledore - mestola

When we went in, and I had removed her bonnet and coat, I took her on my knee; kept her there an hour, allowing her to prattle as she liked: not rebuking even some little freedoms and trivialities into which she was apt to stray when much noticed, and which betrayed in her a superficiality of character, inherited probably from her mother, hardly congenial to an English mind.

allowing - lasciare, permettere, concedere, consentire

rebuking - rimbrotto, reprimenda, rimprovero, richiamo

freedoms - liberta

trivialities - banalita

superficiality - superficialita

inherited - ereditare, prendere

congenial - simpatico, socievole

Still she had her merits; and I was disposed to appreciate all that was good in her to the utmost. I sought in her countenance and features a likeness to Mr. Rochester, but found none: no trait, no turn of expression announced relationship. It was a pity: if she could but have been proved to resemble him, he would have thought more of her.

merits - merito, merto, meritare

appreciate - apprezzare, essere riconoscente, capire, rendersi conto

utmost - estremo, massimo

trait - caratteristica, tratto

relationship - rapporto, relazione, parentela, storia, legame

resemble - rassomigliare, arieggiare

It was not till after I had withdrawn to my own chamber for the night, that I steadily reviewed the tale Mr. Rochester had told me.

reviewed - revisione, rivisitazione, recensione, critica, riesame, rivista

As he had said, there was probably nothing at all extraordinary in the substance of the narrative itself: a wealthy Englishman's passion for a French dancer, and her treachery to him, were every-day matters enough, no doubt, in society; but there was something decidedly strange in the paroxysm of emotion which had suddenly seized him when he was in the act of expressing the present contentment of his mood, and his newly revived pleasure in the old hall and its environs. I meditated wonderingly on this incident; but gradually quitting it, as I found it for the present inexplicable, I turned to the consideration of my master's manner to myself. The confidence he had thought fit to repose in me seemed a tribute to my discretion: I regarded and accepted it as such. His deportment had now for some weeks been more uniform towards me than at the first. I never seemed in his way; he did not take fits of chilling hauteur: when he met me unexpectedly, the encounter seemed welcome; he had always a word and sometimes a smile for me: when summoned by formal invitation to his presence, I was honoured by a cordiality of reception that made me feel I really possessed the power to amuse him, and that these evening conferences were sought as much for his pleasure as for my benefit.

Englishman - inglese

treachery - tradimento, slealta, inganno

paroxysm - parossismo, acme, raptus

expressing - esprimere

contentment - soddisfazione

wonderingly - con meraviglia

inexplicable - inspiegabile, incomprensibile, inesplicabile

consideration - considerazione

discretion - discrezione, riservatezza, discernimento

accepted - accettare, ammettere

deportment - portamento

more uniform - piu uniforme

fits - in forma*

chilling - agghiacciante

unexpectedly - inaspettatamente

encounter - incontro

honoured - onore

conferences - conferenza

benefit - beneficio, aiuto, profitto, pagamento, sussidio, beneficiare

I, i