Jane - Juana
Charlotte - Carlota
preface - prefacio, introducir
A preface to the first edition of "Jane Eyre" being unnecessary, I gave none: this second edition demands a few words both of acknowledgment and miscellaneous remark.
edition - edición, tiraje
demands - demandas; demanda, exigencia, exigir, demandar
acknowledgment - reconocimiento, reconocimiento
miscellaneous - varios, misceláneo
remark - observación, comentario
My thanks are due in three quarters.
To the Public, for the indulgent ear it has inclined to a plain tale with few pretensions.
indulgent - indulgente
plain - plano; sencillo; liso; sin ornamentos; llano (persona)
Tale - cuento; historia, relato
pretensions - Pretensión
To the Press, for the fair field its honest suffrage has opened to an obscure aspirant.
suffrage - sufragio
obscure - oscuro; obscuro, esconder, ocultar
aspirant - aspirante
To my Publishers, for the aid their tact, their energy, their practical sense and frank liberality have afforded an unknown and unrecommended Author.
publishers - editores; editor, editorial
aid - ayuda, auxilio
tact - tacto, tiento, mano izquierda
frank - franco
liberality - liberalidad
unknown - ignoto, desconocido, incógnita, desconocido
unrecommended - no recomendado
The Press and the Public are but vague personifications for me, and I must thank them in vague terms; but my Publishers are definite: so are certain generous critics who have encouraged me as only large-hearted and high-minded men know how to encourage a struggling stranger; to them, i.e., to my Publishers and the select Reviewers, I say cordially, Gentlemen, I thank you from my heart.
vague - vago, impreciso
personifications - personificaciones; personificación, prosopopeya
critics - críticos; crítico
struggling - con dificultades; (struggle); lucha, forcejeo, brega, luchar
select - selecto, seleccionar
reviewers - revisores; resenista, resenante, crítico, resenador
cordially - cordialmente
Having thus acknowledged what I owe those who have aided and approved me, I turn to another class; a small one, so far as I know, but not, therefore, to be overlooked. I mean the timorous or carping few who doubt the tendency of such books as "Jane Eyre:" in whose eyes whatever is unusual is wrong; whose ears detect in each protest against bigotry-that parent of crime-an insult to piety, that regent of God on earth.
thus - así
acknowledged - reconocido; reconocer, acusar recibo
owe - deber, adeudar, estar en deuda
aided - ayudado; ayuda, auxilio
approved - aprobado; aprobar; tener un buen concepto de
overlooked - pasado por alto; mirador, pasar por alto, otear
timorous - tímido, espantadizo, timorato
carping - caradura; rezongar; (carp) caradura; rezongar
tendency - tendencia
detect - detectar, sentir
bigotry - fanatismo; discriminación
insult - insultar, insulto, ofensa, improperio
piety - piedad
Regent - regente
I would suggest to such doubters certain obvious distinctions; I would remind them of certain simple truths.
distinctions - distinciones; distinción
Conventionality is not morality. Self-righteousness is not religion. To attack the first is not to assail the last. To pluck the mask from the face of the Pharisee, is not to lift an impious hand to the Crown of Thorns.
conventionality - convencionalismo
morality - moralidad
self - yo; uno mismo
righteousness - justicia; rectitud, moralidad, buena obra; rectitud, gracia
assail - atacar, asaltar, aturdir
pluck - herir, desplumar, perseverancia
mask - máscara, careta, mascarilla
Pharisee - fariseo
impious - impío
crown - corona
thorns - spinas; espina, thorn
These things and deeds are diametrically opposed: they are as distinct as is vice from virtue. Men too often confound them: they should not be confounded: appearance should not be mistaken for truth; narrow human doctrines, that only tend to elate and magnify a few, should not be substituted for the world-redeeming creed of Christ.
deeds - hechos; hecho, acto, acción, obra, hazana
diametrically - diametralmente
opposed - oponerse; oponer
distinct - distinto
vice - vicio; torno de banco
virtue - virtud
confounded - confundido; confundir, empeorar
doctrines - octrinas; doctrina
elate - feliz
magnify - aumentar; magnificar
substituted - sustituido; sustituir, substituir, sustituto, substituto
redeeming - redimir, rescatar, liberar, libertar, redimirse, canjear
creed - credo, creer; (cree); credo, creer
Christ - Cristo, Jesucristo, Cristo
There is-I repeat it-a difference; and it is a good, and not a bad action to mark broadly and clearly the line of separation between them.
broadly - ampliamente; a grandes rasgos, en líneas generales
separation - separación
The world may not like to see these ideas dissevered, for it has been accustomed to blend them; finding it convenient to make external show pass for sterling worth-to let white-washed walls vouch for clean shrines. It may hate him who dares to scrutinise and expose-to rase the gilding, and show base metal under it-to penetrate the sepulchre, and reveal charnel relics: but hate as it will, it is indebted to him.
dissevered - issever
accustomed - acostumbrado; acostumbrarse, habituar
blend - mezcla, mezclar, combinar
external - externa; externo
vouch for - responder por, dar fe de
shrines - antuarios; santuario, relicario
dares - te atreves; atraverse, osar
scrutinise - Escrutinar
expose - exponer, revelar, descubrir, exhibir
rase - ase
penetrate - penetrar
sepulchre - sepulcro
reveal - revelar, propalar
charnel - Carnizas
relics - reliquias; reliquia, vestigio
indebted - endeudado
Ahab did not like Micaiah, because he never prophesied good concerning him, but evil; probably he liked the sycophant son of Chenaannah better; yet might Ahab have escaped a bloody death, had he but stopped his ears to flattery, and opened them to faithful counsel.
prophesied - rofetizado; profetizar
concerning - preocupante; preocupación, referirse a, ataner, concernir
evil - malo, malvado
sycophant - sicofante; sicofanta, adulador, pelota, lameculos
bloody - Sangriento
flattery - halagos; adulación, peloteo, piropo, camelo, lisonja
faithful - fieles; fiel, leal
counsel - consulta, consejo, abogado
There is a man in our own days whose words are not framed to tickle delicate ears: who, to my thinking, comes before the great ones of society, much as the son of Imlah came before the throned Kings of Judah and Israel; and who speaks truth as deep, with a power as prophet-like and as vital-a mien as dauntless and as daring.
tickle - cosquilla, hacer cosquillas, cosquillear
delicate - delicado, delicado (1, 2)
throned - tronado; trono
Israel - Israel
prophet - profeta, profetisa
vital - vital
mien - apostura, gesto
dauntless - intrépido; impertérrito
daring - atrevido, audaz, osado; (dare); atrevido, audaz, osado
Is the satirist of "Vanity Fair" admired in high places? I cannot tell; but I think if some of those amongst whom he hurls the Greek fire of his sarcasm, and over whom he flashes the levin-brand of his denunciation, were to take his warnings in time-they or their seed might yet escape a fatal Rimoth-Gilead.
vanity - vanidad
amongst - entre
hurls - lanzas; arrojar, lanzar, tirar, proyectar, volver
Greek - griego, griego, griega
sarcasm - sarcasmo
flashes - flashes; destello
warnings - advertencias; advertencia, aviso, precaución, cuidado
fatal - fatal
Why have I alluded to this man? I have alluded to him, Reader, because I think I see in him an intellect profounder and more unique than his contemporaries have yet recognised; because I regard him as the first social regenerator of the day-as the very master of that working corps who would restore to rectitude the warped system of things; because I think no commentator on his writings has yet found the comparison that suits him, the terms which rightly characterise his talent. They say he is like Fielding: they talk of his wit, humour, comic powers.
alluded - aludido; aludir, referirse
intellect - intelecto
profounder - profundizador; profundo
unique - único, senero
contemporaries - ontemporáneos; contemporario, contemporáneo
recognised - Reconoces
regard - respecto a; considerar
regenerator - regenerador
Master - maestro; senor, dueno; senora, duena
corps - cuerpo; (corp) cuerpo
restore - restablecer, restaurar
rectitude - rectitud, derechura
warped - deformado; deformar; (madera) alabear, combar
commentator - comentador, comentadora, comentarista
writings - escritos; (writing) escritos
rightly - verdad
characterise - aracterizar
wit - agudeza, ingenio, chispa, gracia
humour - humor, seguir la corriente
comic - cómico, cómico, comediante, cómic, tebeo, historieta
He resembles Fielding as an eagle does a vulture: Fielding could stoop on carrion, but Thackeray never does. His wit is bright, his humour attractive, but both bear the same relation to his serious genius that the mere lambent sheet-lightning playing under the edge of the summer-cloud does to the electric death-spark hid in its womb. Finally, I have alluded to Mr. Thackeray, because to him-if he will accept the tribute of a total stranger-I have dedicated this second edition of "Jane Eyre."
resembles - se parece; asemejar
eagle - águila
vulture - buitre, zopilote
stoop - inclinarse, agacharse
carrion - carrona; carrona
genius - genio, genia
mere - simple, mero
sheet-lightning - (sheet-lightning) relámpago
spark - chispa
womb - útero, matriz, cuna
tribute - tributo, homenaje
dedicated - dedicado; dedicar, destinar, dedicarse, inaugurar
December 21st, 1847.
NOTE TO THE THIRD EDITION
I avail myself of the opportunity which a third edition of "Jane Eyre" affords me, of again addressing a word to the Public, to explain that my claim to the title of novelist rests on this one work alone. If, therefore, the authorship of other works of fiction has been attributed to me, an honour is awarded where it is not merited; and consequently, denied where it is justly due.
avail - aprovechar, servir
novelist - novelista
authorship - autoría
attributed - atribuido; atributo, atribuir
honour - honor; honradez
merited - merecido; mérito, merecimiento, meritar
consequently - por consiguiente; consecuentemente
denied - negado; negar
justly - con justicia; justamente, con razón
This explanation will serve to rectify mistakes which may already have been made, and to prevent future errors.
rectify - rectificar, subsanar
April 13th, 1848.
There was no possibility of taking a walk that day. We had been wandering, indeed, in the leafless shrubbery an hour in the morning; but since dinner (Mrs. Reed, when there was no company, dined early) the cold winter wind had brought with it clouds so sombre, and a rain so penetrating, that further out-door exercise was now out of the question.
wandering - deambulando; errabundo, andariego, errante, peripatético
shrubbery - arbustos; matorral
reed - lengüeta; junco, cana
dined - cenamos; jaleo
wind - viento, aire
sombre - sombrío, grave
penetrating - penetrante; penetrar
I was glad of it: I never liked long walks, especially on chilly afternoons: dreadful to me was the coming home in the raw twilight, with nipped fingers and toes, and a heart saddened by the chidings of Bessie, the nurse, and humbled by the consciousness of my physical inferiority to Eliza, John, and Georgiana Reed.
chilly - frío
dreadful - terrible; espantoso, espantosa
raw - cruda; crudo, en carne viva, bruto
twilight - crepúsculo, penumbra
nipped - nipped; pellizcar
saddened - apenar, entristecer, contristar
chidings - reprender
humbled - humillado; humilde
consciousness - conciencia
inferiority - inferioridad
The said Eliza, John, and Georgiana were now clustered round their mama in the drawing-room: she lay reclined on a sofa by the fireside, and with her darlings about her (for the time neither quarrelling nor crying) looked perfectly happy. Me, she had dispensed from joining the group; saying, "She regretted to be under the necessity of keeping me at a distance; but that until she heard from Bessie, and could discover by her own observation, that I was endeavouring in good earnest to acquire a more sociable and childlike disposition, a more attractive and sprightly manner-something lighter, franker, more natural, as it were-she really must exclude me from privileges intended only for contented, happy, little children.
clustered - agrupados; amontonamiento, agrupamiento, aglomeración, racimo
mama - mama, mamá
reclined - reclinado; reclinarse
sofa - sofá, sillón
fireside - fuego; alrededor de la chimenea
darlings - queridos; querido, querida, amado, amada
quarrelling - Discutiendo; (quarrel) Discutiendo
perfectly happy - perfectamente feliz
dispensed - dispensado; dispensar
regretted - te arrepientes; lamentar, pena, pesar, arrepentimiento
necessity - necesidad, menester
observation - observación, vigilancia; observancia, anotación, registro
endeavouring - se esfuerza; esforzarse
acquire - obtener, adquirir
more sociable - más sociable
childlike - infantil
disposition - disposición; inclinación, temperamento, carácter
sprightly - veloz
exclude - excluir
privileges - privilegios; privilegio, privilegiar
contented - contento; satisfecho
"What does Bessie say I have done?" I asked.
"Jane, I don't like cavillers or questioners; besides, there is something truly forbidding in a child taking up her elders in that manner. Be seated somewhere; and until you can speak pleasantly, remain silent."
questioners - Pregunta
besides - además; al lado de, cabe
truly - de verdad; verdaderamente, realmente
elders - ancianos; mayor
pleasantly - agradablemente
A breakfast-room adjoined the drawing-room, I slipped in there. It contained a bookcase: I soon possessed myself of a volume, taking care that it should be one stored with pictures. I mounted into the window-seat: gathering up my feet, I sat cross-legged, like a Turk; and, having drawn the red moreen curtain nearly close, I was shrined in double retirement.
adjoined - junto; lindar
slipped - se resbaló; resbalar
bookcase - librería; estantería, librero, biblioteca
possessed - poseído; poseer
volume - volumen
mounted - montado; montar
Turk - turco, turca
moreen - másen
shrined - sangrado; santuario, relicario
retirement - jubilación, retirada
"Where the Northern Ocean, in vast whirls,
vast - vasta; vasto, enorme
Boils round the naked, melancholy isles
naked - desnudo
melancholy - melancolía
Isles - islas; isla
Of farthest Thule; and the Atlantic surge
surge - aluvión, oleada, sobretensión, sobrecarga, dispararse
Pours in among the stormy Hebrides."
stormy - borrascoso, tempestuoso, tormentoso
Hebrides - Hébridas
Nor could I pass unnoticed the suggestion of the bleak shores of Lapland, Siberia, Spitzbergen, Nova Zembla, Iceland, Greenland, with "the vast sweep of the Arctic Zone, and those forlorn regions of dreary space,-that reservoir of frost and snow, where firm fields of ice, the accumulation of centuries of winters, glazed in Alpine heights above heights, surround the pole, and concentre the multiplied rigours of extreme cold." Of these death-white realms I formed an idea of my own: shadowy, like all the half-comprehended notions that float dim through children's brains, but strangely impressive.
unnoticed - desapercibido, inadvertido
bleak - lúgubre; inhóspito, desolado
shores - ostas; costa, playa
Lapland - Laponia
Siberia - Siberia
Nova - nova; (novum); nova
Iceland - Islandia
Greenland - Groenlandia
sweep - barrer, peinar
Arctic Zone - Zona Ártica
forlorn - abandonado, desamparado, desesperado
dreary - aburrido, triste
reservoir - yacimiento; embalse, represa, checkdepósito, checkreserva
frost - escarcha, helada, escarchar, glasear, granizar
firm - firma; firme, sólido
accumulation - acumulación
glazed - esmalte, frita, vidriado, veladura, barniz, glasé
Alpine - panish: t-needed
surround - circundar, envolver, cercar, rodear
pole - pértiga; polo
concentre - concentrarse
multiplied - multiplicado; multiplicar
realms - reinos; esfera, reino
shadowy - sombra; sombroso, sombreado, sombrío, umbroso
comprehended - comprendido; comprender
notions - nociones; noción, ganas, intención
float - flotador; flotar, carroza
dim - débil, ténue
strangely - extranamente; extranamente
The words in these introductory pages connected themselves with the succeeding vignettes, and gave significance to the rock standing up alone in a sea of billow and spray; to the broken boat stranded on a desolate coast; to the cold and ghastly moon glancing through bars of cloud at a wreck just sinking.
introductory - introductorio
vignettes - vinetas; vineta, vineta
significance - significado, significación, calado
billow - willow; oleada, ola, hincharse
spray - pulverizador; rociada, pulverización
stranded - encallado; varar
desolate - desierto, desolado, devastado
ghastly - fantasmal, cadavérico, espantoso, horripilante, malísimo
glancing - echando un vistazo; (glance); ojear, echar un vistazo, mirar
wreck - naufragio; cacharro, trasto, guinapo, choque, desastre
I cannot tell what sentiment haunted the quite solitary churchyard, with its inscribed headstone; its gate, its two trees, its low horizon, girdled by a broken wall, and its newly-risen crescent, attesting the hour of eventide.
sentiment - sentimiento
haunted - hechizado; frecuentar, espantar, desasosegar, inquietar
solitary - solitario
inscribed - inscrito; inscribir
headstone - Lápida
horizon - horizonte
girdled - cenido; cinto
newly - recién; nuevamente
Crescent - medialuna, creciente
attesting - atestiguando; avalar, atestiguar, compulsar
The two ships becalmed on a torpid sea, I believed to be marine phantoms.
torpid - tórpido; inmóvil, torpe
marine - marítimo, marino, infante de marina
phantoms - fantasmas; fantasma
The fiend pinning down the thief's pack behind him, I passed over quickly: it was an object of terror.
fiend - diablo, diablillo, demonio, malvado
terror - terror
So was the black horned thing seated aloof on a rock, surveying a distant crowd surrounding a gallows.
horned - con cuernos; cuerno
aloof - apartado, distante, sin compasión, alejado, reservado
distant - distante, a distancia, hurano, remoto
surrounding - alrededor; periferia, rededor, derredor
gallows - la horca; horca; (gallow) la horca; horca
With Bewick on my knee, I was then happy: happy at least in my way. I feared nothing but interruption, and that came too soon. The breakfast-room door opened.
interruption - interrupción, paréntesis
"Boh! Madam Mope!" cried the voice of John Reed; then he paused: he found the room apparently empty.
madam - senora; senora, cabrona
Mope - desanimarse
paused - receso, checkdescanso, pausar, interrumpir, suspender
apparently - evidentemente, obviamente, por lo visto, aparentemente
"Where the dickens is she!" he continued. "Lizzy! Georgy! (calling to his sisters) Joan is not here: tell mama she is run out into the rain-bad animal!"
"It is well I drew the curtain," thought I; and I wished fervently he might not discover my hiding-place: nor would John Reed have found it out himself; he was not quick either of vision or conception; but Eliza just put her head in at the door, and said at once-
fervently - con fervor; fervientemente, fervorosamente
vision - vista, visión
conception - concepción
"She is in the window-seat, to be sure, Jack."
Jack - Juanito, Jacobo, Santiago
And I came out immediately, for I trembled at the idea of being dragged forth by the said Jack.
trembled - tembló; tiritar, temblar, temblor, vibración, temblequera
dragged - arrastrado; llevar a rastras
forth - adelante
"What do you want?" I asked, with awkward diffidence.
awkward - torpe, desmanado, embarazoso, delicado, incómodo, tímido
"Say, 'What do you want, Master Reed?'" was the answer. "I want you to come here;" and seating himself in an arm-chair, he intimated by a gesture that I was to approach and stand before him.
arm-chair - (arm-chair) sillón
intimated - insinuado; íntimo
gesture - gesto, ademán, detalle, atención
approach - enfoque; acercarse, aproximarse
John Reed was a schoolboy of fourteen years old; four years older than I, for I was but ten: large and stout for his age, with a dingy and unwholesome skin; thick lineaments in a spacious visage, heavy limbs and large extremities. He gorged himself habitually at table, which made him bilious, and gave him a dim and bleared eye and flabby cheeks. He ought now to have been at school; but his mama had taken him home for a month or two, "on account of his delicate health.
stout - cerveza; sólido, fuerte
dingy - mugriento; sucio, sórdido
spacious - espacioso, desahogado, amplio
limbs - miembros; miembro
extremities - extremidades; extremidad
gorged - atiborrado; desfiladero; barranco
habitually - habitualmente
bilious - bilioso, biliar, biliario, atrabiliario, atrabilioso
bleared - claro
flabby cheeks - mejillas flácidas
Mr. Miles, the master, affirmed that he would do very well if he had fewer cakes and sweetmeats sent him from home; but the mother's heart turned from an opinion so harsh, and inclined rather to the more refined idea that John's sallowness was owing to over-application and, perhaps, to pining after home.
affirmed - afirmado; afirmar
sweetmeats - dulces; golosina, dulce
mother's heart - corazón de la madre
harsh - áspero, duro, severo, despotricar
more refined - más refinado
sallowness - salud
owing - deber, adeudar, estar en deuda
John had not much affection for his mother and sisters, and an antipathy to me. He bullied and punished me; not two or three times in the week, nor once or twice in the day, but continually: every nerve I had feared him, and every morsel of flesh in my bones shrank when he came near. There were moments when I was bewildered by the terror he inspired, because I had no appeal whatever against either his menaces or his inflictions; the servants did not like to offend their young master by taking my part against him, and Mrs.
affection - afecto, carino, apego
antipathy - antipatía, aversión
bullied - cosado; bravucón, abusón, matón, abusador
continually - continuadamente, continuamente
nerve - nervio, coraje, descaro, frescura, nervios
morsel - un bocado; pizca, porción, gota
flesh - carne, pellejo, descarnar
shrank - se encogió; contraerse, encogerse, achicarse, mermar
bewildered - perplejo; confundir, desconcertar
inspired - inspirado; inspirar, infundir
appeal - apelación; suplicar, rogar
menaces - amenazas; amenaza, peligro
inflictions - inflicciones; inflicción
offend - ofender
Reed was blind and deaf on the subject: she never saw him strike or heard him abuse me, though he did both now and then in her very presence, more frequently, however, behind her back.
blind - ciego, invidente, celosía, persiana, ciega, ciego, cegar
deaf - sordo, sordos, sordas
strike - tachar, borrar, golpear, pegar, acunar, hacer la huelga
abuse - Abuso
presence - presencia
"That is for your impudence in answering mama awhile since," said he, "and for your sneaking way of getting behind curtains, and for the look you had in your eyes two minutes since, you rat!"
impudence - imprudencia; impudencia, descaro, desenvoltura
awhile - un rato, algún tiempo
sneaking - a escondidas; pillo, moverse con sigilo, esconder, escabullir
rat - rata
Accustomed to John Reed's abuse, I never had an idea of replying to it; my care was how to endure the blow which would certainly follow the insult.
endure - soportar; aguantar, perdurar, tolerar, consentir, condescender
"What were you doing behind the curtain?" he asked.
"I was reading."
"Show the book."
I returned to the window and fetched it thence.
fetched - conseguido; ir por, ir a buscar, traer
thence - desde ahí
"You have no business to take our books; you are a dependent, mama says; you have no money; your father left you none; you ought to beg, and not to live here with gentlemen's children like us, and eat the same meals we do, and wear clothes at our mama's expense.
dependent - dependiente, dependiente
beg - pedir limosna; pedir
Now, I'll teach you to rummage my bookshelves: for they are mine; all the house belongs to me, or will do in a few years. Go and stand by the door, out of the way of the mirror and the windows."
rummage - rebuscar; revolver
bookshelves - stanterías; estantería, librero, estante, librería
I did so, not at first aware what was his intention; but when I saw him lift and poise the book and stand in act to hurl it, I instinctively started aside with a cry of alarm: not soon enough, however; the volume was flung, it hit me, and I fell, striking my head against the door and cutting it. The cut bled, the pain was sharp: my terror had passed its climax; other feelings succeeded.
poise - plomo; contrapeso, ponderación, poise
hurl - arrojar, lanzar, tirar, proyectar, volver
instinctively - instintivamente
aside - aparte, a un lado, aparte
flung - arrojado; arrojar, lanzar
striking - sorprendente; llamativo, imponente
bled - sangrar, desangrar, purgar, sangría, sangrado, sangre
climax - clímax, colofón, orgasmo
feelings - Sentimientos
"Wicked and cruel boy!" I said. "You are like a murderer-you are like a slave-driver-you are like the Roman emperors!"
wicked - malvado, cruel, insoportable; (wick) malvado, cruel
murderer - asesino, asesina, victimario, victimaria
slave - esclavo, esclava, checkesclava
Roman - romano, romano, romana, Román
emperors - emperadores; emperador
I had read Goldsmith's History of Rome, and had formed my opinion of Nero, Caligula, etc. Also I had drawn parallels in silence, which I never thought thus to have declared aloud.
goldsmith - orfebre, orífice, orebce, oribe
Rome - Roma
etc - tc
parallels - paralelismos; paralelo, paralelo
silence - silencio, silenciar, hacer callar
declared - declarado; explicar, aclarar, declarar
aloud - en voz alta, de viva voz
"What! what!" he cried. "Did she say that to me? Did you hear her, Eliza and Georgiana? Won't I tell mama? but first-"
He ran headlong at me: I felt him grasp my hair and my shoulder: he had closed with a desperate thing. I really saw in him a tyrant, a murderer. I felt a drop or two of blood from my head trickle down my neck, and was sensible of somewhat pungent suffering: these sensations for the time predominated over fear, and I received him in frantic sort.
headlong - de cabeza
grasp - agarrar, asir, comprender, asimiento, comprensión, alcance
desperate - desesperado
tyrant - tirano
trickle - un chorrito; riachuelo, chorreo, instilar, chorrear, gotear
somewhat - algo, un poco, de algún modo, de alguna manera
pungent - picante; acre, punzante
sensations - sensaciones; sensación
frantic - frenético
I don't very well know what I did with my hands, but he called me "Rat! Rat!" and bellowed out aloud. Aid was near him: Eliza and Georgiana had run for Mrs. Reed, who was gone upstairs: she now came upon the scene, followed by Bessie and her maid Abbot. We were parted: I heard the words-
bellowed - bramó; bramido, berrido, bramar, berrear
maid - mucama; doncella, senorita, doméstica, empleada doméstica
Abbot - abad
"Dear! dear! What a fury to fly at Master John!"
fury - furia
"Did ever anybody see such a picture of passion!"
Then Mrs. Reed subjoined-
subjoined - Complementar
"Take her away to the red-room, and lock her in there." Four hands were immediately laid upon me, and I was borne upstairs.
I resisted all the way: a new thing for me, and a circumstance which greatly strengthened the bad opinion Bessie and Miss Abbot were disposed to entertain of me. The fact is, I was a trifle beside myself; or rather out of myself, as the French would say: I was conscious that a moment's mutiny had already rendered me liable to strange penalties, and, like any other rebel slave, I felt resolved, in my desperation, to go all lengths.
resisted - esistido; resistir, panish: t-needed
circumstance - circunstancia
greatly - en gran medida; grandemente, enormemente, sobremanera
strengthened - fortalecido; fortalecer, animar
disposed - dispuesto; deshacerse
trifle - baratija; sopa inglesa, pizca, nadería, nimiedad, zarandaja
beside - al lado de, cabe
conscious - consciente
mutiny - motín, sedición, amotinarse
rendered - rendido; dejar, volver
liable - responsable
penalties - penalizaciones; pena, castigo
rebel - rebelde
resolved - resuelto; tomar la decisión de, resolver
desperation - desesperación
"Hold her arms, Miss Abbot: she's like a mad cat."
"For shame! for shame!" cried the lady's-maid. "What shocking conduct, Miss Eyre, to strike a young gentleman, your benefactress's son! Your young master."
shame - vergüenza, pena
shocking - impresionante; conmoción, golpe
conduct - conducción, conducta, guiar, dirigir, manejar, conducir
"Master! How is he my master? Am I a servant?"
"No; you are less than a servant, for you do nothing for your keep. There, sit down, and think over your wickedness."
think over - piensa en ello
wickedness - maldad, perversidad
They had got me by this time into the apartment indicated by Mrs. Reed, and had thrust me upon a stool: my impulse was to rise from it like a spring; their two pair of hands arrested me instantly.
thrust - estocada, empuje, envión, impulso, énfasis, propulsar, asestar
stool - heces; taburete
impulse - impulso, capricho
instantly - al instante, al hilo, al tiro, instantáneamente
"If you don't sit still, you must be tied down," said Bessie. "Miss Abbot, lend me your garters; she would break mine directly."
garters - ligas; liga, jarretera
Miss Abbot turned to divest a stout leg of the necessary ligature. This preparation for bonds, and the additional ignominy it inferred, took a little of the excitement out of me.
divest - desinvertir; privar; (div) desinvertir; privar
ligature - ligadura
preparation - preparación
Bonds - fianzas; vínculo
additional - adicional, extra, de más
ignominy - ignominia
inferred - se deduce; inferir, argüir, checkinferir
"Don't take them off," I cried; "I will not stir."
stir - remover, revolver
In guarantee whereof, I attached myself to my seat by my hands.
guarantee - garantía, garante, garantizar, garantir, asegurar
whereof - de qué; donde
"Mind you don't," said Bessie; and when she had ascertained that I was really subsiding, she loosened her hold of me; then she and Miss Abbot stood with folded arms, looking darkly and doubtfully on my face, as incredulous of my sanity.
ascertained - averiguado; averiguar, determinar, establecer, definir
subsiding - disminuyendo; calmarse
loosened - aflojado; aflojar, soltar
darkly - oscuramente
doubtfully - dudosamente
incredulous - incrédulo
sanity - la cordura; cordura, sensatez
"She never did so before," at last said Bessie, turning to the Abigail.
"But it was always in her," was the reply. "I've told Missis often my opinion about the child, and Missis agreed with me. She's an underhand little thing: I never saw a girl of her age with so much cover."
ve - e
missis - Senorita
underhand - ..bajo mano; solapado, bajuno
Bessie answered not; but ere long, addressing me, she said-"You ought to be aware, Miss, that you are under obligations to Mrs. Reed: she keeps you: if she were to turn you off, you would have to go to the poorhouse."
ere - Aquí
obligations - obligaciones; obligación, compromiso, deber
I had nothing to say to these words: they were not new to me: my very first recollections of existence included hints of the same kind. This reproach of my dependence had become a vague sing-song in my ear: very painful and crushing, but only half intelligible. Miss Abbot joined in-
recollections - Recuerdo
existence - existencia
hints - sugerencias; pista, indicio, indirecta, buscapié, toque
reproach - reproche, vergüenza, reprochar, avergonzar, echar en cara algo
dependence - dependencia
crushing - aplastando; aplastamiento, enamoramiento, aplastar, destripar
intelligible - inteligible
"And you ought not to think yourself on an equality with the Misses Reed and Master Reed, because Missis kindly allows you to be brought up with them. They will have a great deal of money, and you will have none: it is your place to be humble, and to try to make yourself agreeable to them."
equality - igualdad, paridad
humble - humilde
agreeable - lisonjero, agradable, dispuesto, conforme
"What we tell you is for your good," added Bessie, in no harsh voice, "you should try to be useful and pleasant, then, perhaps, you would have a home here; but if you become passionate and rude, Missis will send you away, I am sure."
passionate - apasionado
"Besides," said Miss Abbot, "God will punish her: He might strike her dead in the midst of her tantrums, and then where would she go? Come, Bessie, we will leave her: I wouldn't have her heart for anything. Say your prayers, Miss Eyre, when you are by yourself; for if you don't repent, something bad might be permitted to come down the chimney and fetch you away."
midst - en medio; centro
tantrums - abietas; rabieta, berrinche, pataleta, cortón
repent - arrepentirse
permitted - permitido; permitir
chimney - chimenea, tubo
fetch - ir por, ir a buscar, traer
They went, shutting the door, and locking it behind them.
The red-room was a square chamber, very seldom slept in, I might say never, indeed, unless when a chance influx of visitors at Gateshead Hall rendered it necessary to turn to account all the accommodation it contained: yet it was one of the largest and stateliest chambers in the mansion. A bed supported on massive pillars of mahogany, hung with curtains of deep red damask, stood out like a tabernacle in the centre; the two large windows, with their blinds always drawn down, were half shrouded in festoons and falls of similar drapery; the carpet was red; the table at the foot of the bed was covered with a crimson cloth; the walls were a soft fawn colour with a blush of pink in it; the wardrobe, the toilet-table, the chairs were of darkly polished old mahogany.
seldom - raramente, rara vez
influx - afluencia; entrada, influjo
turn to account - hacer uso de
stateliest - la más bella; majestuoso
chambers - cámaras; cámara, recámara, compartimento
mansion - mansión, casoplón
massive - masiva; masivo
pillars - pilares; pilar
mahogany - caoba
damask - damasco, adamascar
tabernacle - tabernáculo
blinds - persianas; ciego, invidente, celosía, persiana, ciega, ciego
shrouded - encubierto; mortaja
festoons - festones; guirnalda, festón, guirnalda luminosa
drapery - cortinas; cortina
crimson - carmín, carmesí
Fawn - cervato
blush - sonrojo, rubor
wardrobe - ropa; armario, ropero, clóset, escaparate
toilet-table - (toilet-table) mesa de aseo
polished - pulido; polaco, polonés, polaco
Out of these deep surrounding shades rose high, and glared white, the piled-up mattresses and pillows of the bed, spread with a snowy Marseilles counterpane. Scarcely less prominent was an ample cushioned easy-chair near the head of the bed, also white, with a footstool before it; and looking, as I thought, like a pale throne.
shades - sombras; alosa, sábalo
glared - miró; mirada fulminante
piled - apilado; montón, pila
mattresses - colchones; colchón
pillows - almohadas; almohada
Marseilles - Marsella
counterpane - contrapiso; sobrecama, colcha
scarcely - apenas, difícilmente
prominent - destacado; prominente, sobresaliente
ample - amplio, extenso, abundante, generoso
cushioned - acojinado; cojín, almohadón, colchón, amortiguante, banda
footstool - reposapiés, escabel
throne - trono
This room was chill, because it seldom had a fire; it was silent, because remote from the nursery and kitchen; solemn, because it was known to be so seldom entered.
chill - relajarme; frío
nursery - guardería; criadero, casa cuna, semillero, vivero
solemn - solemne
The house-maid alone came here on Saturdays, to wipe from the mirrors and the furniture a week's quiet dust: and Mrs. Reed herself, at far intervals, visited it to review the contents of a certain secret drawer in the wardrobe, where were stored divers parchments, her jewel-casket, and a miniature of her deceased husband; and in those last words lies the secret of the red-room-the spell which kept it so lonely in spite of its grandeur.
wipe - limpiar
intervals - intervalos; intervalo
Contents - ontenido; satisfecho
drawer - cajón
divers - buceadores; saltador, saltadora, piscinero, piscinera
parchments - pergaminos; pergamino
jewel - gema, joya, alhaja, rubí
casket - féretro; cofrecito, joyero, urna
miniature - miniatura
deceased - fallecido; fallecimiento, deceso, óbito, defunción, fallecer
spite - rencor
grandeur - grandeza
Mr. Reed had been dead nine years: it was in this chamber he breathed his last; here he lay in state; hence his coffin was borne by the undertaker's men; and, since that day, a sense of dreary consecration had guarded it from frequent intrusion.
chamber - cámara, recámara, compartimento
hence - de aquí, por lo tanto, por eso, de ahí
coffin - ataúd, féretro, cajón
undertaker - enterrador; director de funeraria
consecration - consagración
frequent - frecuente
intrusion - intrusión
My seat, to which Bessie and the bitter Miss Abbot had left me riveted, was a low ottoman near the marble chimney-piece; the bed rose before me; to my right hand there was the high, dark wardrobe, with subdued, broken reflections varying the gloss of its panels; to my left were the muffled windows; a great looking-glass between them repeated the vacant majesty of the bed and room. I was not quite sure whether they had locked the door; and when I dared move, I got up and went to see. Alas! yes: no jail was ever more secure. Returning, I had to cross before the looking-glass; my fascinated glance involuntarily explored the depth it revealed.
Bitter - amargo
riveted - remachado; remache, remachar
marble - mármol, canica, balita
subdued - sumiso; someter, doblegar, domenar, debelar
reflections - reflexiones; reflexión, reflejo
varying - variando; variar
gloss - lustre, brillo
panels - paneles; panel, vineta, entrepano
muffled - silenciado; mufla
vacant - vacío; vacante
Majesty - majestad
dared - se atrevió; atraverse, osar
Alas - !ay!; (ala) !ay!
jail - cárcel, prisión, presidio, penal
secure - seguro, resguardado, confiable, aplomado
fascinated - fascinado; fascinar
glance - mirada; ojear, echar un vistazo, mirar, pispear, vistazo
involuntarily - involuntariamente
depth - profundidad
revealed - revelado; revelar, propalar
All looked colder and darker in that visionary hollow than in reality: and the strange little figure there gazing at me, with a white face and arms specking the gloom, and glittering eyes of fear moving where all else was still, had the effect of a real spirit: I thought it like one of the tiny phantoms, half fairy, half imp, Bessie's evening stories represented as coming out of lone, ferny dells in moors, and appearing before the eyes of belated travellers. I returned to my stool.
visionary - visionario, ilusorio, idealista, visionario, visionaria
hollow - hueco
gazing - mirando; observar, mirar fijamente
specking - especificaciones
gloom - pesimismo; penumbra, melancolía
glittering - resplandeciente; chispeante; (glitter); brillo, purpurina
fairy - hada, marica, mujercita
imp - diablillo
Lone - solitario; solo
moors - páramos; páramo
belated - Tarde
travellers - viajeros; viajero
Superstition was with me at that moment; but it was not yet her hour for complete victory: my blood was still warm; the mood of the revolted slave was still bracing me with its bitter vigour; I had to stem a rapid rush of retrospective thought before I quailed to the dismal present.
superstition - superstición
victory - Victoria
revolted - revuelto; alzarse en protesta, rebelión, revuelta
vigour - vigor, vivacidad, vigor, lozanía, fuerza, energía
stem - tallo; CTIM
rapid - rápido, rápido, rabión
rush - prisa; precipitarse, lanzarse, correr, ir rápidamente
retrospective - retrospectivo, retrospectiva
quailed - se acobardó; acobardarse, amedrentarse
dismal - lúgubre; mísero, miserable, triste, deprimente
All John Reed's violent tyrannies, all his sisters'proud indifference, all his mother's aversion, all the servants'partiality, turned up in my disturbed mind like a dark deposit in a turbid well. Why was I always suffering, always browbeaten, always accused, for ever condemned? Why could I never please? Why was it useless to try to win any one's favour? Eliza, who was headstrong and selfish, was respected. Georgiana, who had a spoiled temper, a very acrid spite, a captious and insolent carriage, was universally indulged. Her beauty, her pink cheeks and golden curls, seemed to give delight to all who looked at her, and to purchase indemnity for every fault.
tyrannies - tiranías; tiranía
indifference - indiferencia
aversion - aversión
partiality - parcialidad
disturbed - molesto; perturbar, molestar
deposit - depósito, empeno, depositar
turbid - turbia; turbio
browbeaten - intimidado; intimidar
accused - acusado; acusar, denunciar
condemned - condenado; condenar, clausurar
useless - inútil, negado
headstrong - testarudo; díscolo, desconsiderado
Selfish - egoísta
spoiled - mimado; expoliar, despojar, danar, arruinar, echar a perder
temper - temperamento, temple, templar, temperar
acrid - acida; acre, mordaz
captious - capcioso, criticón, pejiguero
insolent - insolente
carriage - coche, carruaje
universally - universalmente
indulged - complacido; ceder, sucumbir, mimar, consentir
cheeks - mejilla, cacha, cachete, nalga, glúteo, descoco
curls - rizos; rizo, bucle, flexión
delight - disfrutar; deleite, regocijo, delicia, placer
purchase - compra, adquisición, comprar
indemnity - indemnización, indemnidad
fault - defecto, falla, culpa, falta
John no one thwarted, much less punished; though he twisted the necks of the pigeons, killed the little pea-chicks, set the dogs at the sheep, stripped the hothouse vines of their fruit, and broke the buds off the choicest plants in the conservatory: he called his mother "old girl," too; sometimes reviled her for her dark skin, similar to his own; bluntly disregarded her wishes; not unfrequently tore and spoiled her silk attire; and he was still "her own darling." I dared commit no fault: I strove to fulfil every duty; and I was termed naughty and tiresome, sullen and sneaking, from morning to noon, and from noon to night.
thwarted - frustrado; frustrar, contrariar, bancada
twisted - retorcido; torcer, sacar punta a, torcerse
pigeons - palomas; paloma
pea - guisante
chicks - chicas; pollito
stripped - despojado; quitar, desprender; arrancar; despojar
vines - enredaderas; vid, trepadora, enredadera
buds - brotes; brote
conservatory - conservatorio; invernadero
reviled - vilipendiado; insultar, putear, reprochar
disregarded - ignorado; descuidar, desatender, ignorar
unfrequently - con poca frecuencia
tore - Romper
silk - seda
attire - atuendo, atavío, ataviar
darling - carino; querido, querida, amado, amada
strove - se esforzó; esforzarse
fulfil - cumplir
naughty - pícaro; cachondo, travieso, maleducado, obsceno, picante
tiresome - cansino; fatigoso, cansador, agotador
sullen - hosco, hurano, sombrío, lento
noon - mediodía
My head still ached and bled with the blow and fall I had received: no one had reproved John for wantonly striking me; and because I had turned against him to avert farther irrational violence, I was loaded with general opprobrium.
ached - te dolía; dolor
reproved - reprobado; reprobar, reprender
wantonly - Sin querer
avert - apartar, evitar
irrational - irracional
violence - violencia
loaded - cargado; carga
opprobrium - oprobio, oprobrio
"Unjust!-unjust!" said my reason, forced by the agonising stimulus into precocious though transitory power: and Resolve, equally wrought up, instigated some strange expedient to achieve escape from insupportable oppression-as running away, or, if that could not be effected, never eating or drinking more, and letting myself die.
unjust - injusto
agonising - agonizar
stimulus - estímulo
precocious - precoz
transitory - transitorio, pasajero
resolve - tomar la decisión de, resolver
expedient - conveniente, expediente
insupportable - Insoportable
oppression - opresión
What a consternation of soul was mine that dreary afternoon! How all my brain was in tumult, and all my heart in insurrection! Yet in what darkness, what dense ignorance, was the mental battle fought! I could not answer the ceaseless inward question-why I thus suffered; now, at the distance of-I will not say how many years, I see it clearly.
consternation - consternación, abatimiento, postración
soul - alma, espíritu
tumult - clamor, bullicio, alboroto, tumulto
insurrection - insurrección
darkness - oscuridad, tinieblas
dense - denso, compacto, macizo, espeso, tupido, obscuro
ignorance - ignorancia
inward - hacia dentro; interior, adentro
I was a discord in Gateshead Hall: I was like nobody there; I had nothing in harmony with Mrs. Reed or her children, or her chosen vassalage. If they did not love me, in fact, as little did I love them. They were not bound to regard with affection a thing that could not sympathise with one amongst them; a heterogeneous thing, opposed to them in temperament, in capacity, in propensities; a useless thing, incapable of serving their interest, or adding to their pleasure; a noxious thing, cherishing the germs of indignation at their treatment, of contempt of their judgment.
discord - discordia
harmony - armonía, armonía
vassalage - vasallaje
bound - atado; (bind); atar, atar (tie), empastar (books), liar
sympathise - Simpatizar
heterogeneous - heterogéneo
opposed - Oposición
temperament - temperamento
capacity - capacidad
propensities - ropensiones; propensión, inclinación
incapable - incapaz
noxious - nocivo, danino
cherishing - apreciar; mimar
germs - gérmenes; germen
indignation - indignación
contempt - desprecio, desdén, desgracia, deshonra, vergüenza, desacato
judgment - juicio
I know that had I been a sanguine, brilliant, careless, exacting, handsome, romping child-though equally dependent and friendless-Mrs. Reed would have endured my presence more complacently; her children would have entertained for me more of the cordiality of fellow-feeling; the servants would have been less prone to make me the scapegoat of the nursery.
Sanguine - sanguina; rojo, sanguíneo, sanguíneo
handsome - apuesto, guapo, de buen parecer, lindo
romping - jugando; retozar, retozo, revolcón
friendless - sin amigos
endured - oportado; aguantar, perdurar, tolerar, consentir, condescender
complacently - Complacientemente
cordiality - Cordialidad
fellow - colega; tipo
prone - postrado, de bruces, decúbito prono, propenso
scapegoat - chivo expiatorio, cabeza de turco
Daylight began to forsake the red-room; it was past four o'clock, and the beclouded afternoon was tending to drear twilight. I heard the rain still beating continuously on the staircase window, and the wind howling in the grove behind the hall; I grew by degrees cold as a stone, and then my courage sank. My habitual mood of humiliation, self-doubt, forlorn depression, fell damp on the embers of my decaying ire. All said I was wicked, and perhaps I might be so; what thought had I been but just conceiving of starving myself to death? That certainly was a crime: and was I fit to die? Or was the vault under the chancel of Gateshead Church an inviting bourne? In such vault I had been told did Mr. Reed lie buried; and led by this thought to recall his idea, I dwelt on it with gathering dread.
forsake - renunciar; abandonar
continuously - continuadamente, continuamente, de continuo
staircase - escalera
howling - aullando; (howl); aullido, aullar, ganir
grove - arboleda
by degrees - Poco a poco
courage - coraje, valor, valentía
habitual - habitual
humiliation - humillación, humillación
depression - depresión, área de baja presión
damp - húmedo, humedad, amortiguar
embers - rasa
decaying - decayendo; descomposición, deterioración, putrefacción
ire - Ira
conceiving - concebir
Starving - Muerto de hambre; (starve); morir de hambre, hambrear
vault - bóveda; sótano; bodega
chancel - cancel; presbiterio
recall - recordar, evocar, retirada
dwelt - habitó; habitar, morar
dread - miedo; temer, pavor, temor
I could not remember him; but I knew that he was my own uncle-my mother's brother-that he had taken me when a parentless infant to his house; and that in his last moments he had required a promise of Mrs. Reed that she would rear and maintain me as one of her own children. Mrs. Reed probably considered she had kept this promise; and so she had, I dare say, as well as her nature would permit her; but how could she really like an interloper not of her race, and unconnected with her, after her husband's death, by any tie? It must have been most irksome to find herself bound by a hard-wrung pledge to stand in the stead of a parent to a strange child she could not love, and to see an uncongenial alien permanently intruded on her own family group.
infant - nino; nene, infante
rear - atrás; parte trasera
maintain - mantener, sostener
dare - te atreves; atraverse, osar
permit - permiso; permitir
interloper - interlocutor; intruso, entremetido
unconnected - sin conexión
irksome - molesto; fastidioso, enfadoso
wrung - escurrido; torcer, retorcer
pledge - prometer, comprometerse, hipotecar, empenar, pignorar
alien - desconocido, desconocida, advena, extranjero, extranjera
permanently - permanentemente, constantemente, continuamente
intruded - intruso; meterse
A singular notion dawned upon me. I doubted not-never doubted-that if Mr. Reed had been alive he would have treated me kindly; and now, as I sat looking at the white bed and overshadowed walls-occasionally also turning a fascinated eye towards the dimly gleaning mirror-I began to recall what I had heard of dead men, troubled in their graves by the violation of their last wishes, revisiting the earth to punish the perjured and avenge the oppressed; and I thought Mr. Reed's spirit, harassed by the wrongs of his sister's child, might quit its abode-whether in the church vault or in the unknown world of the departed-and rise before me in this chamber. I wiped my tears and hushed my sobs, fearful lest any sign of violent grief might waken a preternatural voice to comfort me, or elicit from the gloom some haloed face, bending over me with strange pity. This idea, consolatory in theory, I felt would be terrible if realised: with all my might I endeavoured to stifle it-I endeavoured to be firm.
singular - singular, único, singular
notion - noción, ganas, intención
dawned - amaneció; amanecer, alba, amanecer, aurora, madrugada
overshadowed - oscurecido; asombrar, eclipsar
Occasionally - ocasionalmente, de vez en cuando, a veces
dimly - tenuemente
graves - umbas; tumba
violation - violación, vulneración
revisiting - revisitar; Volver a Visitar
perjured - perjuró; perjurar
avenge - vengar
oppressed - primidos; oprimir
harassed - acosado; acosar
abode - Morada; (abide); quedar, permanecer, resistir, aguantar
departed - se ha ido; irse, salir, partir, panish:
wiped - borrada; limpiar
hushed - callado; callar, callarse, calmar, acallar, silencio
sobs - sollozos; hdp
fearful - miedoso, temeroso, terrible, checkespantoso, checktremendo
grief - duelo; pesar, pesadumbre, dolor, sufrimiento
waken - Despertar
preternatural - preternatural
comfort - comodidad, consuelo, confortar
elicit - obtener; provocar, suscitar, evocar, educir, sonsacar
haloed - haloed; halo, nimbo, aureola
pity - compasión, piedad, lástima, pena, tener lástima
realised - Te das cuenta
endeavoured - se esforzó; esforzarse
stifle - asfixiar; ahogar, sofocar
Shaking my hair from my eyes, I lifted my head and tried to look boldly round the dark room; at this moment a light gleamed on the wall. Was it, I asked myself, a ray from the moon penetrating some aperture in the blind? No; moonlight was still, and this stirred; while I gazed, it glided up to the ceiling and quivered over my head. I can now conjecture readily that this streak of light was, in all likelihood, a gleam from a lantern carried by some one across the lawn: but then, prepared as my mind was for horror, shaken as my nerves were by agitation, I thought the swift darting beam was a herald of some coming vision from another world. My heart beat thick, my head grew hot; a sound filled my ears, which I deemed the rushing of wings; something seemed near me; I was oppressed, suffocated: endurance broke down; I rushed to the door and shook the lock in desperate effort. Steps came running along the outer passage; the key turned, Bessie and Abbot entered.
boldly - con valentía; audazmente, valientemente
dark room - cuarto oscuro
gleamed - brillaba; relucir, brillar, destellar
ray - rayo
aperture - abertura, apertura
moonlight - la luz de la luna; luz de la luna, lunada, pluriemplearse
stirred - agitado; remover, revolver
gazed - mirada; observar, mirar fijamente
glided - se deslizó; deslizar, planear
quivered - tembló; estremecer(se)
conjecture - conjeturas; conjetura, suposición, especulación, teoría
readily - listo; fácilmente, en seguida, pronto
streak - raya, trazo, sarta, racha, ristra
likelihood - probabilidad, verosimilitud
lantern - farol, linterna
lawn - césped
nerves - nervio, coraje, descaro, frescura, nervios
agitation - agitación, desasosiego, inquietud
swift - rápido, veloz, célere, pronto
darting - dardo, flechilla
beam - rayo; viga, timón, radio
Herald - heraldo; anunciador
deemed - considerado; considerar, concluir, estimar
rushing - Prisa; (rush) Prisa
suffocated - asfixiado; sofocar, ahogar
endurance - resistencia, aguante
rushed - apurado; precipitarse, lanzarse, correr, ir rápidamente
passage - pasaje; pasillo, pasadizo
"Miss Eyre, are you ill?" said Bessie.
"What a dreadful noise! it went quite through me!" exclaimed Abbot.
exclaimed - exclamó; exclamar
"Take me out! Let me go into the nursery!" was my cry.
"What for? Are you hurt? Have you seen something?" again demanded Bessie.
demanded - exigió; demanda, exigencia, exigir, demandar
"Oh! I saw a light, and I thought a ghost would come." I had now got hold of Bessie's hand, and she did not snatch it from me.
snatch - robar; agarrar, arrebatar, arrancada, arranque
"She has screamed out on purpose," declared Abbot, in some disgust. "And what a scream! If she had been in great pain one would have excused it, but she only wanted to bring us all here: I know her naughty tricks."
screamed - gritó; grito, gritar
disgust - repugnar, dar asco, asquear, asco, repugnancia
excused - disculpado; excusar, perdonar, panish: t-needed
"What is all this?" demanded another voice peremptorily; and Mrs. Reed came along the corridor, her cap flying wide, her gown rustling stormily. "Abbot and Bessie, I believe I gave orders that Jane Eyre should be left in the red-room till I came to her myself."
peremptorily - perentoriamente
corridor - pasillo, corredor
rustling - usurro; (rustle); crujido
stormily - tormentosamente
"Miss Jane screamed so loud, ma'am," pleaded Bessie.
pleaded - suplicado; rogar
"Let her go," was the only answer. "Loose Bessie's hand, child: you cannot succeed in getting out by these means, be assured. I abhor artifice, particularly in children; it is my duty to show you that tricks will not answer: you will now stay here an hour longer, and it is only on condition of perfect submission and stillness that I shall liberate you then."
loose - suelto; flojo
assured - asegurado; (assure); asegurar
abhor - aborrecer, detestar, abominar
artifice - artificio
submission - Presentación
liberate - liberar
"O aunt! have pity! Forgive me! I cannot endure it-let me be punished some other way! I shall be killed if-"
forgive - perdonar, disculpar
"Silence! This violence is all most repulsive:" and so, no doubt, she felt it. I was a precocious actress in her eyes; she sincerely looked on me as a compound of virulent passions, mean spirit, and dangerous duplicity.
repulsive - repulsivo
sincerely - sinceramente
compound - compuesto
duplicity - duplicidad
Bessie and Abbot having retreated, Mrs. Reed, impatient of my now frantic anguish and wild sobs, abruptly thrust me back and locked me in, without farther parley. I heard her sweeping away; and soon after she was gone, I suppose I had a species of fit: unconsciousness closed the scene.
retreated - se retiró; retirarse, batirse en retirada
impatient - impaciente
anguish - angustia
abruptly - de repente; abruptamente, precipitadamente
parley - parlamento; convesacion, coloquio, parlamentar
sweeping away - barriendo
species - Especie
unconsciousness - inconsciencia
The next thing I remember is, waking up with a feeling as if I had had a frightful nightmare, and seeing before me a terrible red glare, crossed with thick black bars. I heard voices, too, speaking with a hollow sound, and as if muffled by a rush of wind or water: agitation, uncertainty, and an all-predominating sense of terror confused my faculties.
frightful - aterrador; temible
nightmare - pesadilla, mal sueno, tormento, suplicio
glare - resplandor; mirada fulminante
uncertainty - incertidumbre, incerteza
faculties - facultades; cuerpo docente, facultad
Ere long, I became aware that some one was handling me; lifting me up and supporting me in a sitting posture, and that more tenderly than I had ever been raised or upheld before. I rested my head against a pillow or an arm, and felt easy.
handling - manipulación; (handle) manipulación
posture - postura
tenderly - con ternura; tiernamente
upheld - mantenido; elevar, levantar, sustentar, sostener, mantener
pillow - almohada
In five minutes more the cloud of bewilderment dissolved: I knew quite well that I was in my own bed, and that the red glare was the nursery fire. It was night: a candle burnt on the table; Bessie stood at the bed-foot with a basin in her hand, and a gentleman sat in a chair near my pillow, leaning over me.
bewilderment - desconcierto, perplejidad
Dissolved - disuelto; disolver
candle - una vela; vela, candela, cirio
basin - cuenca; pileta, lavabo, lavamanos, jofaina
leaning - Inclinado; (lean) Inclinado
I felt an inexpressible relief, a soothing conviction of protection and security, when I knew that there was a stranger in the room, an individual not belonging to Gateshead, and not related to Mrs. Reed. Turning from Bessie (though her presence was far less obnoxious to me than that of Abbot, for instance, would have been), I scrutinised the face of the gentleman: I knew him; it was Mr.
inexpressible - inexpresable
relief - alivio
soothing - calmante; tranquilizador, tranquilizante; (sooth); verdad
conviction - convicción
protection - protección
obnoxious - asqueroso; desagradable, detestable, odioso
instance - caso, ejemplo, ocasión, instancia
scrutinised - Escrutinar
Lloyd, an apothecary, sometimes called in by Mrs. Reed when the servants were ailing: for herself and the children she employed a physician.
apothecary - boticario
ailing - enfermo, achacoso, enfermito; (ail); enfermo, achacoso
physician - médico, médica, facultativo
"Well, who am I?" he asked.
I pronounced his name, offering him at the same time my hand: he took it, smiling and saying, "We shall do very well by-and-by." Then he laid me down, and addressing Bessie, charged her to be very careful that I was not disturbed during the night.
offering - ofrenda; ofrecimiento; (offer) ofrenda; ofrecimiento
Having given some further directions, and intimates that he should call again the next day, he departed; to my grief: I felt so sheltered and befriended while he sat in the chair near my pillow; and as he closed the door after him, all the room darkened and my heart again sank: inexpressible sadness weighed it down.
intimates - intimidades; íntimo
sheltered - refugiado; refugio, abrigo, amparo, asilo
befriended - ofrecer amistad, amparar
darkened - oscurecido; oscurecer, obscurecer
sadness - tristeza, desgracia, infortunio
"Do you feel as if you should sleep, Miss?" asked Bessie, rather softly.
softly - suavemente, inaudiblemente, silenciosamente
Scarcely dared I answer her; for I feared the next sentence might be rough. "I will try."
"Would you like to drink, or could you eat anything?"
"No, thank you, Bessie."
"Then I think I shall go to bed, for it is past twelve o'clock; but you may call me if you want anything in the night."
Wonderful civility this! It emboldened me to ask a question.
civility - civismo, civilidad
emboldened - envalentonado; envalentonar, encorajar
"Bessie, what is the matter with me? Am I ill?"
"You fell sick, I suppose, in the red-room with crying; you'll be better soon, no doubt."
Bessie went into the housemaid's apartment, which was near. I heard her say-
housemaid - Empleada doméstica
"Sarah, come and sleep with me in the nursery; I daren't for my life be alone with that poor child to-night: she might die; it's such a strange thing she should have that fit: I wonder if she saw anything. Missis was rather too hard."
Sarah came back with her; they both went to bed; they were whispering together for half-an-hour before they fell asleep. I caught scraps of their conversation, from which I was able only too distinctly to infer the main subject discussed.
scraps - restos; pedacito, retazo
distinctly - laramente; distintamente
infer - inferir, argüir, checkinferir
main subject - el tema principal
"Something passed her, all dressed in white, and vanished"-"A great black dog behind him"-"Three loud raps on the chamber door"-"A light in the churchyard just over his grave," etc., etc.
vanished - desaparecido; desvanecerse, desaparecer, anularse
raps - aps; golpe seco
grave - tumba
At last both slept: the fire and the candle went out. For me, the watches of that long night passed in ghastly wakefulness; strained by dread: such dread as children only can feel.
wakefulness - vigilia, vela
strained - estirar, tensar
No severe or prolonged bodily illness followed this incident of the red-room; it only gave my nerves a shock of which I feel the reverberation to this day. Yes, Mrs. Reed, to you I owe some fearful pangs of mental suffering, but I ought to forgive you, for you knew not what you did: while rending my heart-strings, you thought you were only uprooting my bad propensities.
severe - severo, grave, austero
prolonged - prolongado; prolongar
bodily - corporal, corpóreo, corporalmente
incident - incidente
shock - conmoción, golpe
pangs - angustias; punzada, dolor agudo
mental suffering - sufrimiento mental
rending - desgarro; rasgar, destrozar, desgajar, romper
uprooting - desarraigo; (uproot) desarraigo
Next day, by noon, I was up and dressed, and sat wrapped in a shawl by the nursery hearth. I felt physically weak and broken down: but my worse ailment was an unutterable wretchedness of mind: a wretchedness which kept drawing from me silent tears; no sooner had I wiped one salt drop from my cheek than another followed. Yet, I thought, I ought to have been happy, for none of the Reeds were there, they were all gone out in the carriage with their mama.
wrapped - envuelto; enrollar
shawl - un chal; chal, panolón
hearth - hogar, lar, solera, fogón, crisol
physically - físicamente
ailment - dolencia, enfermedad, achaque, alifafe
wretchedness - desdicha
cheek - mejilla, cacha, cachete, nalga, glúteo, descoco
reeds - lengüetas; junco, cana
Abbot, too, was sewing in another room, and Bessie, as she moved hither and thither, putting away toys and arranging drawers, addressed to me every now and then a word of unwonted kindness. This state of things should have been to me a paradise of peace, accustomed as I was to a life of ceaseless reprimand and thankless fagging; but, in fact, my racked nerves were now in such a state that no calm could soothe, and no pleasure excite them agreeably.
sewing - Coser; (sew) Coser
thither - por allí, hacia allá
putting away - ahorrar, guardar, apartar
drawers - cajones; cajón
unwonted - inaceptable
kindness - amabilidad, bondad
paradise - el paraíso; paraíso
reprimand - reprender, reprimenda
thankless - ingrato, despreciado
fagging - Mariconeo; (fag) Mariconeo
racked - reventado; estante
soothe - calmar, serenar, aliviar, aliviarse, descansar
agreeably - de acuerdo; agradablemente
Bessie had been down into the kitchen, and she brought up with her a tart on a certain brightly painted china plate, whose bird of paradise, nestling in a wreath of convolvuli and rosebuds, had been wont to stir in me a most enthusiastic sense of admiration; and which plate I had often petitioned to be allowed to take in my hand in order to examine it more closely, but had always hitherto been deemed unworthy of such a privilege. This precious vessel was now placed on my knee, and I was cordially invited to eat the circlet of delicate pastry upon it. Vain favour! coming, like most other favours long deferred and often wished for, too late! I could not eat the tart; and the plumage of the bird, the tints of the flowers, seemed strangely faded: I put both plate and tart away. Bessie asked if I would have a book: the word book acted as a transient stimulus, and I begged her to fetch Gulliver's Travels from the library. This book I had again and again perused with delight. I considered it a narrative of facts, and discovered in it a vein of interest deeper than what I found in fairy tales: for as to the elves, having sought them in vain among foxglove leaves and bells, under mushrooms and beneath the ground-ivy mantling old wall-nooks, I had at length made up my mind to the sad truth, that they were all gone out of England to some savage country where the woods were wilder and thicker, and the population more scant; whereas, Lilliput and Brobdignag being, in my creed, solid parts of the earth's surface, I doubted not that I might one day, by taking a long voyage, see with my own eyes the little fields, houses, and trees, the diminutive people, the tiny cows, sheep, and birds of the one realm; and the corn-fields forest-high, the mighty mastiffs, the monster cats, the tower-like men and women, of the other. Yet, when this cherished volume was now placed in my hand-when I turned over its leaves, and sought in its marvellous pictures the charm I had, till now, never failed to find-all was eerie and dreary; the giants were gaunt goblins, the pigmies malevolent and fearful imps, Gulliver a most desolate wanderer in most dread and dangerous regions.
tart - tarta; ácido
nestling - Nido; (nestle); acomodarse, acurrucarse
wreath - guirnalda, corona, burelete, rodear
convolvuli - convólvulos
wont - no
enthusiastic - entusiasmado, entusiástico
admiration - admiración
petitioned - petición
closely - de cerca; cercanamente
hitherto - hasta ahora, hasta aquí, hasta este momento, en ese entonces
unworthy - indigno
privilege - privilegio, privilegiar
precious - preciosos; precioso
vessel - vasija; embarcación, barco, casco, recipiente, receptáculo
circlet - circuito; circulito, tiara
pastry - pastel, pastelería, panish: t-needed
vain - vanidoso, vano, vacuo
deferred - aplazado; posponer, diferir
plumage - plumaje
tints - tintes; tinte, matiz
faded - desvanecido; apagarse, debilitarse; destenir
transient - pasajero; transitorio, trotamundo, transeúnte
begged - suplicó; pedir
perused - percibido; examinar, ojear, hojear, leer por encima
vein - vena
tales - cuentos; historia, relato
elves - elfos; elfo, duende
sought - buscado; buscar
foxglove - dulce de zorro; digital
mushrooms - setas; hongo, seta
beneath - por debajo; bajo
ivy - hiedra
mantling - mantenimiento; lambrequín; (mantle); manto, camisa
nooks - rincones; rincón, recoveco
savage - salvaje
scant - escaso, magro, exiguo
whereas - ientras que..; mientras que, siendo que, por cuanto, visto que
earth's surface - superficie de la tierra
diminutive - diminuto, diminutivo
realm - esfera, reino
corn - cereales (maíz, trigo, avena)
mighty - poderoso
mastiffs - mastines; mastín, alano, dogo
monster - monstruo, fiera
cherished - apreciado; mimar
marvellous - maravilloso
charm - encanto
till now - hasta ahora
eerie - extrano; misterioso, extrano
gaunt - enjuto; demacrado, chupado, macilento
goblins - duendes; duende, trasgo
pigmies - Cerdo
malevolent - malévolo, malintencionado
imps - imps; diablillo
wanderer - vagabundo, nómada
I closed the book, which I dared no longer peruse, and put it on the table, beside the untasted tart.
peruse - examinar, ojear, hojear, leer por encima, ver por encima
untasted - Sin probar
Bessie had now finished dusting and tidying the room, and having washed her hands, she opened a certain little drawer, full of splendid shreds of silk and satin, and began making a new bonnet for Georgiana's doll. Meantime she sang: her song was-
splendid - espléndido
shreds - trituras; triza, jirón
satin - raso, satén
bonnet - capucha, gorra, cofia, capota, capó
doll - muneca
meantime - mientras tanto; entretanto, en tanto
"In the days when we went gipsying,
gipsying - Gitano
A long time ago."
I had often heard the song before, and always with lively delight; for Bessie had a sweet voice,-at least, I thought so. But now, though her voice was still sweet, I found in its melody an indescribable sadness. Sometimes, preoccupied with her work, she sang the refrain very low, very lingeringly; "A long time ago" came out like the saddest cadence of a funeral hymn. She passed into another ballad, this time a really doleful one.
lively - animado
melody - melodía
indescribable - indescriptible
preoccupied - preocupado; preocupar
refrain - estribillo
lingeringly - Permanentemente
cadence - cadencia, cadencia
funeral - funeral
hymn - himno
ballad - balada
doleful - triste, cabizbajo, lúgubre
"My feet they are sore, and my limbs they are weary;
sore - dolorido; doloroso
weary - cansado, cansino, cansar
Long is the way, and the mountains are wild;
Soon will the twilight close moonless and dreary
Over the path of the poor orphan child.
orphan - huérfano, huérfana
Why did they send me so far and so lonely,
Up where the moors spread and grey rocks are piled?
Men are hard-hearted, and kind angels only
angels - ángeles; ángel
Watch o'er the steps of a poor orphan child.
er - r; em
Yet distant and soft the night breeze is blowing,
breeze - brisa
Clouds there are none, and clear stars beam mild,
God, in His mercy, protection is showing,
mercy - misericordia, piedad
Comfort and hope to the poor orphan child.
Ev'n should I fall o'er the broken bridge passing,
Or stray in the marshes, by false lights beguiled,
stray - perderte; extraviarse, perderse
marshes - antanos; ciénaga, marisma, pantano, ciénega
beguiled - enganado; enganar, encanto enganador, encanto secretivo
Still will my Father, with promise and blessing,
blessing - bendición; (bless); bendición
Take to His bosom the poor orphan child.
bosom - seno, pechera, busto
There is a thought that for strength should avail me,
Though both of shelter and kindred despoiled;
shelter - refugio, abrigo, amparo, asilo
kindred - pariente; etnia
despoiled - despojado; despojar
Heaven is a home, and a rest will not fail me;
Heaven - el cielo; cielo, firmamento, paraíso
God is a friend to the poor orphan child."
"Come, Miss Jane, don't cry," said Bessie as she finished. She might as well have said to the fire, "don't burn!" but how could she divine the morbid suffering to which I was a prey? In the course of the morning Mr. Lloyd came again.
don't cry - No llores
divine - divino
morbid - mórbida; mórbido, morboso
prey - botín, presa
"What, already up!" said he, as he entered the nursery. "Well, nurse, how is she?"
Bessie answered that I was doing very well.
"Then she ought to look more cheerful. Come here, Miss Jane: your name is Jane, is it not?"
more cheerful - más alegre
"Yes, sir, Jane Eyre."
"Well, you have been crying, Miss Jane Eyre; can you tell me what about? Have you any pain?"
"Oh! I daresay she is crying because she could not go out with Missis in the carriage," interposed Bessie.
daresay - Se atreve
interposed - interpuesto; interponer, intercalar, mediar, interrumpir
"Surely not! why, she is too old for such pettishness."
pettishness - Petiquismo
I thought so too; and my self-esteem being wounded by the false charge, I answered promptly, "I never cried for such a thing in my life: I hate going out in the carriage. I cry because I am miserable."
esteem - estima
wounded - Herida
promptly - pronto; inmediatamente, rápidamente
miserable - miserable
"Oh fie, Miss!" said Bessie.
The good apothecary appeared a little puzzled. I was standing before him; he fixed his eyes on me very steadily: his eyes were small and grey; not very bright, but I dare say I should think them shrewd now: he had a hard-featured yet good-natured looking face. Having considered me at leisure, he said-
puzzled - rompecabezas, enigma, puzle, acertijo, intrigar, dejar perplejo
steadily - De forma constante
shrewd - perspicaz, astuto
good-natured - (good-natured) Buen carácter, buena gente
"What made you ill yesterday?"
"She had a fall," said Bessie, again putting in her word.
"Fall! why, that is like a baby again! Can't she manage to walk at her age? She must be eight or nine years old."
"I was knocked down," was the blunt explanation, jerked out of me by another pang of mortified pride; "but that did not make me ill," I added; while Mr. Lloyd helped himself to a pinch of snuff.
blunt - desafilado, despuntado
jerked - sacudido; sacudida
pang - punzada, dolor agudo
mortified - mortificado; mortificar, matar
pride - orgullo, soberbia, cachondez, toriondez, verriondez, manada
pinch - pellizcar, repizcar, afanar, chorizar, pellizco
snuff - tabaco; rapé
As he was returning the box to his waistcoat pocket, a loud bell rang for the servants'dinner; he knew what it was. "That's for you, nurse," said he; "you can go down; I'll give Miss Jane a lecture till you come back."
waistcoat - chaleco, chalequillo
Bessie would rather have stayed, but she was obliged to go, because punctuality at meals was rigidly enforced at Gateshead Hall.
obliged - obligado; obligar
punctuality - puntualidad
rigidly - rígidamente
enforced - aplicada; reforzar, intensificar, imponer (1)
"The fall did not make you ill; what did, then?" pursued Mr. Lloyd when Bessie was gone.
pursued - perseguido; perseguir, apuntar a
"I was shut up in a room where there is a ghost till after dark."
I saw Mr. Lloyd smile and frown at the same time.
frown - fruncir el ceno
"Ghost! What, you are a baby after all! You are afraid of ghosts?"
"Of Mr. Reed's ghost I am: he died in that room, and was laid out there. Neither Bessie nor any one else will go into it at night, if they can help it; and it was cruel to shut me up alone without a candle,-so cruel that I think I shall never forget it."
"Nonsense! And is it that makes you so miserable? Are you afraid now in daylight?"
nonsense - tonterías; tontería, tontada, tontuna, disparate
"No: but night will come again before long: and besides,-I am unhappy,-very unhappy, for other things."
"What other things? Can you tell me some of them?"
How much I wished to reply fully to this question! How difficult it was to frame any answer! Children can feel, but they cannot analyse their feelings; and if the analysis is partially effected in thought, they know not how to express the result of the process in words.
fully - totalmente; completamente, a fondo
partially - parte
Fearful, however, of losing this first and only opportunity of relieving my grief by imparting it, I, after a disturbed pause, contrived to frame a meagre, though, as far as it went, true response.
relieving - alivio; aliviar, relevar
imparting - impartir
pause - receso, checkdescanso, pausar, interrumpir, suspender
contrived - ingenioso; idear, improvisar
meagre - escaso, pobre
"For one thing, I have no father or mother, brothers or sisters."
"You have a kind aunt and cousins."
Again I paused; then bunglingly enounced-
bunglingly - con torpeza
enounced - Enunciar
"But John Reed knocked me down, and my aunt shut me up in the red-room."
Mr. Lloyd a second time produced his snuff-box.
"Don't you think Gateshead Hall a very beautiful house?" asked he. "Are you not very thankful to have such a fine place to live at?"
"It is not my house, sir; and Abbot says I have less right to be here than a servant."
"Pooh! you can't be silly enough to wish to leave such a splendid place?"
Pooh - Pooh
"If I had anywhere else to go, I should be glad to leave it; but I can never get away from Gateshead till I am a woman."
"Perhaps you may-who knows? Have you any relations besides Mrs. Reed?"
"I think not, sir."
"None belonging to your father?"
"I don't know. I asked Aunt Reed once, and she said possibly I might have some poor, low relations called Eyre, but she knew nothing about them."
"If you had such, would you like to go to them?"
I reflected. Poverty looks grim to grown people; still more so to children: they have not much idea of industrious, working, respectable poverty; they think of the word only as connected with ragged clothes, scanty food, fireless grates, rude manners, and debasing vices: poverty for me was synonymous with degradation.
grim - asqueroso; horrible, horroroso, macabro, nefasto
industrious - empleado; aplicado, trabajador, laborioso, empenoso
respectable - respetable
ragged - Desgarrado; (rag) Desgarrado
scanty - escaso, exiguo
fireless - sin fuego
grates - rejillas; rejilla
debasing - degradante; envilecer, degradar
vices - icios; torno de banco
synonymous - sinónimos; sinónimo
"No; I should not like to belong to poor people," was my reply.
"Not even if they were kind to you?"
I shook my head: I could not see how poor people had the means of being kind; and then to learn to speak like them, to adopt their manners, to be uneducated, to grow up like one of the poor women I saw sometimes nursing their children or washing their clothes at the cottage doors of the village of Gateshead: no, I was not heroic enough to purchase liberty at the price of caste.
adopt - adoptar, ahijar
uneducated - inculto, sin estudios
heroic - heroico
liberty - libertad
caste - casta
"But are your relatives so very poor? Are they working people?"
"I cannot tell; Aunt Reed says if I have any, they must be a beggarly set: I should not like to go a begging."
beggarly - Mendigo
begging - Mendigando; (beg) Mendigando
"Would you like to go to school?"
"I should indeed like to go to school," was the audible conclusion of my musings.
audible - oíble, audible
musings - eflexiones; pensativo, contemplativo, absorto
"Well, well! who knows what may happen?" said Mr. Lloyd, as he got up. "The child ought to have change of air and scene," he added, speaking to himself; "nerves not in a good state."
Bessie now returned; at the same moment the carriage was heard rolling up the gravel-walk.
rolling up - enrollar
gravel-walk - (gravel-walk) Paseo por gravilla
"Is that your mistress, nurse?" asked Mr. Lloyd. "I should like to speak to her before I go."
Mistress - senora; duena, maestra, querida, amante, barragana, manceba, ama
Bessie invited him to walk into the breakfast-room, and led the way out. In the interview which followed between him and Mrs. Reed, I presume, from after-occurrences, that the apothecary ventured to recommend my being sent to school; and the recommendation was no doubt readily enough adopted; for as Abbot said, in discussing the subject with Bessie when both sat sewing in the nursery one night, after I was in bed, and, as they thought, asleep, "Missis was, she dared say, glad enough to get rid of such a tiresome, ill-conditioned child, who always looked as if she were watching everybody, and scheming plots underhand.
occurrences - ocurrencias; acontecimiento, ocurrencia, suceso
ventured - se aventuró; aventura, arriesgar
adopted - adoptado; adoptar, ahijar
rid - cabalgar; librar
scheming - Tramando; (scheme); régimen, proyecto, ardid, artimana
Abbot, I think, gave me credit for being a sort of infantine Guy Fawkes.
infantine - infantina
Bessie, when she heard this narrative, sighed and said, "Poor Miss Jane is to be pitied, too, Abbot."
sighed - suspiró; suspirar
pitied - compasión, piedad, lástima, pena, tener lástima
"Yes," responded Abbot; "if she were a nice, pretty child, one might compassionate her forlornness; but one really cannot care for such a little toad as that."
compassionate - compasivo
forlornness - desamparo
toad - sapo, sapa
"Not a great deal, to be sure," agreed Bessie: "at any rate, a beauty like Miss Georgiana would be more moving in the same condition."
"Yes, I doat on Miss Georgiana!" cried the fervent Abbot. "Little darling!-with her long curls and her blue eyes, and such a sweet colour as she has; just as if she were painted!-Bessie, I could fancy a Welsh rabbit for supper."
fervent - fervoroso; ferviente
Welsh - galés, galés, galeses, galesas
rabbit - conejo
supper - cenar; cena
"So could I-with a roast onion. Come, we'll go down." They went.
roast - asar, rostir, planchar, brindis cómico, vejamen, carne asada
From my discourse with Mr. Lloyd, and from the above reported conference between Bessie and Abbot, I gathered enough of hope to suffice as a motive for wishing to get well: a change seemed near,-I desired and waited it in silence. It tarried, however: days and weeks passed: I had regained my normal state of health, but no new allusion was made to the subject over which I brooded. Mrs. Reed surveyed me at times with a severe eye, but seldom addressed me: since my illness, she had drawn a more marked line of separation than ever between me and her own children; appointing me a small closet to sleep in by myself, condemning me to take my meals alone, and pass all my time in the nursery, while my cousins were constantly in the drawing-room.
discourse - discurso, conversación, disertar
suffice - bastar, alcanzar
motive - motivo, móbil
desired - deseado; desear, deseo, gana
tarried - tardar
regained - recuperado; recobrar
allusion - alusión
brooded - refrescado; cría, polluelo, prole, empollar, proteger
appointing - equipar, determinar, fijar, designar, nombrar
closet - ropero, armario, clóset
condemning - condenando; condenar, clausurar
constantly - constantemente
Not a hint, however, did she drop about sending me to school: still I felt an instinctive certainty that she would not long endure me under the same roof with her; for her glance, now more than ever, when turned on me, expressed an insuperable and rooted aversion.
hint - insinuación; pista, indicio, indirecta, buscapié, toque
instinctive - instintivo
certainty - seguridad; certeza
insuperable - insuperable
rooted - arraigado; raíz
Eliza and Georgiana, evidently acting according to orders, spoke to me as little as possible: John thrust his tongue in his cheek whenever he saw me, and once attempted chastisement; but as I instantly turned against him, roused by the same sentiment of deep ire and desperate revolt which had stirred my corruption before, he thought it better to desist, and ran from me tittering execrations, and vowing I had burst his nose.
evidently - evidentemente
attempted - intentado; intentar, tentativa, intento, ensayo
roused - despertado; despertar
revolt - alzarse en protesta, rebelión, revuelta
corruption - corrupción, corruptela, dano de datos
desist - desistir
tittering - tartamudeando; (titter) tartamudeando
vowing - promesas; voto, manda, promesa
burst - reventar, romper, ráfaga, estallo, reventón
I had indeed levelled at that prominent feature as hard a blow as my knuckles could inflict; and when I saw that either that or my look daunted him, I had the greatest inclination to follow up my advantage to purpose; but he was already with his mama. I heard him in a blubbering tone commence the tale of how "that nasty Jane Eyre" had flown at him like a mad cat: he was stopped rather harshly-
knuckles - nudillos; nudillo
inflict - infligir
daunted - asustado; descorazonar, intimidar, amedrentar, amilanar, agobiar
inclination - inclinación
tone - tono
commence - comenzar, empezar, iniciar, principiar
nasty - asqueroso; sucio, menospreciable, obsceno, grosero, peligroso
"Don't talk to me about her, John: I told you not to go near her; she is not worthy of notice; I do not choose that either you or your sisters should associate with her."
worthy - Digno
associate - asociado, companero, asociar, frecuentar, alternar, tratar
Here, leaning over the banister, I cried out suddenly, and without at all deliberating on my words-
banister - barandilla
deliberating - deliberando; deliberado, a propósito, prudente, deliberar
"They are not fit to associate with me."
Mrs. Reed was rather a stout woman; but, on hearing this strange and audacious declaration, she ran nimbly up the stair, swept me like a whirlwind into the nursery, and crushing me down on the edge of my crib, dared me in an emphatic voice to rise from that place, or utter one syllable during the remainder of the day.
audacious - audaz, insolente
declaration - declaración
nimbly - con agilidad
swept - barrido; barrer, peinar
whirlwind - torbellino, tromba
crib - cuna, machete, chuleta, fusilar
emphatic - enfático, rotundo, tajante
utter - totalmente; absoluto, total
syllable - sílaba
remainder - restos; resto, remanente, sobras, restante
"What would Uncle Reed say to you, if he were alive?" was my scarcely voluntary demand. I say scarcely voluntary, for it seemed as if my tongue pronounced words without my will consenting to their utterance: something spoke out of me over which I had no control.
voluntary - voluntaria; voluntario
demand - demanda, exigencia, exigir, demandar
consenting - consintiendo; consentir, consentimiento, venia, anuencia
utterance - Expresión
"What?" said Mrs. Reed under her breath: her usually cold composed grey eye became troubled with a look like fear; she took her hand from my arm, and gazed at me as if she really did not know whether I were child or fiend. I was now in for it.
composed - compuesto; componer, constituir, conformar, constar
"My Uncle Reed is in heaven, and can see all you do and think; and so can papa and mama: they know how you shut me up all day long, and how you wish me dead."
papa - papá
Mrs. Reed soon rallied her spirits: she shook me most soundly, she boxed both my ears, and then left me without a word. Bessie supplied the hiatus by a homily of an hour's length, in which she proved beyond a doubt that I was the most wicked and abandoned child ever reared under a roof. I half believed her; for I felt indeed only bad feelings surging in my breast.
rallied - reunidos; reagrupar
soundly - a fondo; profundo
hiatus - pausa, vacaciones, descanso, hiato
homily - Homilía
beyond - más allá de
abandoned - abandonado; abandonar, dejar
reared - criado; parte trasera
surging - Subiendo; (surge); aluvión, oleada, sobretensión, sobrecarga
breast - pecho, seno, teta, corazón, pechuga
November, December, and half of January passed away. Christmas and the New Year had been celebrated at Gateshead with the usual festive cheer; presents had been interchanged, dinners and evening parties given. From every enjoyment I was, of course, excluded: my share of the gaiety consisted in witnessing the daily apparelling of Eliza and Georgiana, and seeing them descend to the drawing-room, dressed out in thin muslin frocks and scarlet sashes, with hair elaborately ringletted; and afterwards, in listening to the sound of the piano or the harp played below, to the passing to and fro of the butler and footman, to the jingling of glass and china as refreshments were handed, to the broken hum of conversation as the drawing-room door opened and closed. When tired of this occupation, I would retire from the stairhead to the solitary and silent nursery: there, though somewhat sad, I was not miserable. To speak truth, I had not the least wish to go into company, for in company I was very rarely noticed; and if Bessie had but been kind and companionable, I should have deemed it a treat to spend the evenings quietly with her, instead of passing them under the formidable eye of Mrs.
Christmas - Navidad
cheer - animar; viva, hurra
interchanged - intercambiado; intercambiar, reemplazar, intercambio
enjoyment - disfrutar; disfrute, gozo, regocijo, holganza
excluded - excluidos; excluir
gaiety - felicidad, alegría
witnessing - testimonio, testigo, prueba, testificar, probar, presenciar
apparelling - vestuario; (apparel); atavío, ropa
descend - descender, bajar
muslin - muselina
frocks - vestidos; vestido
scarlet - escarlata, escarlatina
sashes - fajas; faja; fajín (militar)
elaborately - elaboradamente
ringletted - Anillados
afterwards - después
harp - arpa, harpa
butler - sumiller, sommelier, mayordomo
footman - un lacayo; lacayo
jingling - tintineo, retintín, sintonía
refreshments - refrescos; refrescamiento, refrigerio
Hum - tararear, canturrear
occupation - ocupación
stairhead - Cabeza de escalera
companionable - companero
treat to - tratar a
Reed, in a room full of ladies and gentlemen. But Bessie, as soon as she had dressed her young ladies, used to take herself off to the lively regions of the kitchen and housekeeper's room, generally bearing the candle along with her. I then sat with my doll on my knee till the fire got low, glancing round occasionally to make sure that nothing worse than myself haunted the shadowy room; and when the embers sank to a dull red, I undressed hastily, tugging at knots and strings as I best might, and sought shelter from cold and darkness in my crib. To this crib I always took my doll; human beings must love something, and, in the dearth of worthier objects of affection, I contrived to find a pleasure in loving and cherishing a faded graven image, shabby as a miniature scarecrow. It puzzles me now to remember with what absurd sincerity I doated on this little toy, half fancying it alive and capable of sensation. I could not sleep unless it was folded in my night-gown; and when it lay there safe and warm, I was comparatively happy, believing it to be happy likewise.
housekeeper - ama de llaves, ama de casa
dull - sordo; romo, desafilado, embotado, aburrido, soso
undressed - desvestido; desvestirse, desnudarse
hastily - apresuradamente; de prisa, atropelladamente
tugging - Tirones; (tug); tirar, halar
knots - nudos; nudo
beings - seres; ser, criatura, existencia
dearth - hambruna, escasez, cortedad
worthier - Digno
faded - desvanecido; moda, moda pasajera
graven image - Imagen tallada
shabby - desalinado; raído, astroso, zarrapastroso, cutre, harapiento
Scarecrow - espantapájaros, espantajo
puzzles - puzzles; rompecabezas, enigma, puzle, acertijo, intrigar
absurd - absurdo, absurdo
sincerity - sinceridad
capable - capaz
sensation - sensación
comparatively - comparativamente
likewise - similarmente, igualmente
Long did the hours seem while I waited the departure of the company, and listened for the sound of Bessie's step on the stairs: sometimes she would come up in the interval to seek her thimble or her scissors, or perhaps to bring me something by way of supper-a bun or a cheese-cake-then she would sit on the bed while I ate it, and when I had finished, she would tuck the clothes round me, and twice she kissed me, and said, "Good night, Miss Jane." When thus gentle, Bessie seemed to me the best, prettiest, kindest being in the world; and I wished most intensely that she would always be so pleasant and amiable, and never push me about, or scold, or task me unreasonably, as she was too often wont to do.
interval - intervalo
seek - buscar
thimble - dedal, dedo, guardacabo
scissors - tijeras; tijera, hacer la tijereta, hacer la tijera
bun - panecillo; bollo
tuck - meter; pliegue
intensely - intensamente
amiable - amable, afable
scold - reganar; reganar, retar, renir
Bessie Lee must, I think, have been a girl of good natural capacity, for she was smart in all she did, and had a remarkable knack of narrative; so, at least, I judge from the impression made on me by her nursery tales. She was pretty too, if my recollections of her face and person are correct. I remember her as a slim young woman, with black hair, dark eyes, very nice features, and good, clear complexion; but she had a capricious and hasty temper, and indifferent ideas of principle or justice: still, such as she was, I preferred her to any one else at Gateshead Hall.
Lee - abrigo, sotavento, socaire
remarkable - notable, remarcable, destacable
knack - destreza; aptitud, chisme, truco, panish: t-needed
slim - flaco, delgado, adelgazarse, enflaquecer, enflaquecerse
complexion - tez
capricious - aprichosa; caprichoso, antojadizo
hasty - apresurarse; apresurado, de prisa, arrebatado, atropellado
indifferent - indiferente
principle - principio
justice - justicia, justedad, justeza, justicia
It was the fifteenth of January, about nine o'clock in the morning: Bessie was gone down to breakfast; my cousins had not yet been summoned to their mama; Eliza was putting on her bonnet and warm garden-coat to go and feed her poultry, an occupation of which she was fond: and not less so of selling the eggs to the housekeeper and hoarding up the money she thus obtained. She had a turn for traffic, and a marked propensity for saving; shown not only in the vending of eggs and chickens, but also in driving hard bargains with the gardener about flower-roots, seeds, and slips of plants; that functionary having orders from Mrs.
Fifteenth - decimoquinto, decimoquinto, decimoquinta, quinceavo
summoned - convocado; convocar
poultry - aves de corral; ave de corral, pollería
fond - carinoso, afectuoso
hoarding - acaparamiento; valla; (hoard) acaparamiento; valla
obtained - obtenido; obtener, coger
propensity - propensión, inclinación
vending - Vender
bargains - gangas; trato, ganga, bicoca, chollo, regatear
gardener - jardinero, jardinera
roots - raíces; raíz
slips - resbalones; resbalar
functionary - funcionario, funcionaria
Reed to buy of his young lady all the products of her parterre she wished to sell: and Eliza would have sold the hair off her head if she could have made a handsome profit thereby. As to her money, she first secreted it in odd corners, wrapped in a rag or an old curl-paper; but some of these hoards having been discovered by the housemaid, Eliza, fearful of one day losing her valued treasure, consented to intrust it to her mother, at a usurious rate of interest-fifty or sixty per cent.; which interest she exacted every quarter, keeping her accounts in a little book with anxious accuracy.
his young lady - Su novia joven
handsome profit - ganancia cuantiosa
thereby - así, de ese modo
rag - trapo
curl - rulo; rizo, bucle, flexión
hoards - acaparamientos; provisión
treasure - tesoro, atesorar
consented - consintió; consentir, consentimiento, venia, anuencia
usurious - usurario, abusivo
anxious - ansioso, inquieto, deseoso
accuracy - exactitud, precisión, tino
Georgiana sat on a high stool, dressing her hair at the glass, and interweaving her curls with artificial flowers and faded feathers, of which she had found a store in a drawer in the attic. I was making my bed, having received strict orders from Bessie to get it arranged before she returned (for Bessie now frequently employed me as a sort of under-nurserymaid, to tidy the room, dust the chairs, &c.).
interweaving - entrelazamiento; entretejer, entrelazar
artificial - artificial
feathers - plumas; pluma
attic - tico; buhardilla, desván, zaquizamí, sobrado
strict - estricto
nurserymaid - Enfermera
Having spread the quilt and folded my night-dress, I went to the window-seat to put in order some picture-books and doll's house furniture scattered there; an abrupt command from Georgiana to let her playthings alone (for the tiny chairs and mirrors, the fairy plates and cups, were her property) stopped my proceedings; and then, for lack of other occupation, I fell to breathing on the frost-flowers with which the window was fretted, and thus clearing a space in the glass through which I might look out on the grounds, where all was still and petrified under the influence of a hard frost.
quilt - colcha, edredón, acolchar
scattered - dispersión; dispersar, esparcir, desviar
abrupt - abrupto, brusco, repentino, súbito
Command - orden, mandato, mando, comando, dominio
breathing on - respirar
fretted - inquieto; preocuparse
Petrified - petrificado; petrificar
From this window were visible the porter's lodge and the carriage-road, and just as I had dissolved so much of the silver-white foliage veiling the panes as left room to look out, I saw the gates thrown open and a carriage roll through. I watched it ascending the drive with indifference; carriages often came to Gateshead, but none ever brought visitors in whom I was interested; it stopped in front of the house, the door-bell rang loudly, the new-comer was admitted.
visible - visible
Lodge - cabana, barraca, caseta, logia, madriguera, panish: t-needed
foliage - follaje
veiling - velado; (veil); velo, velar
panes - paneles; cristal, vidrio
ascending - ascendente; subir, ascender
carriages - carrozas; coche, carruaje
All this being nothing to me, my vacant attention soon found livelier attraction in the spectacle of a little hungry robin, which came and chirruped on the twigs of the leafless cherry-tree nailed against the wall near the casement. The remains of my breakfast of bread and milk stood on the table, and having crumbled a morsel of roll, I was tugging at the sash to put out the crumbs on the window-sill, when Bessie came running upstairs into the nursery.
livelier - animado
spectacle - espectáculo, papelón
robin - petirrojo, mirlo
twigs - amitas; ramita
cherry-tree - (cherry-tree) Cerezo
crumbled - se desmoronó; desmigajarse, desmoronarse, desmenuzarse, crumble
sash - faja; fajín (militar)
crumbs - Migas; (crumb); miga, cacho, migaja, empanar
sill - alféizar, umbral
"Miss Jane, take off your pinafore; what are you doing there? Have you washed your hands and face this morning?" I gave another tug before I answered, for I wanted the bird to be secure of its bread: the sash yielded; I scattered the crumbs, some on the stone sill, some on the cherry-tree bough, then, closing the window, I replied-
tug - tirón; tirar, halar
yielded - cedido; ceder
cherry - cereza, guinda, cerezo, guinda, cereza
bough - rama
"No, Bessie; I have only just finished dusting."
"Troublesome, careless child! and what are you doing now? You look quite red, as if you had been about some mischief: what were you opening the window for?"
troublesome - problemático, prolijo
mischief - travesuras; travesura, diablura, gamberrada
I was spared the trouble of answering, for Bessie seemed in too great a hurry to listen to explanations; she hauled me to the washstand, inflicted a merciless, but happily brief scrub on my face and hands with soap, water, and a coarse towel; disciplined my head with a bristly brush, denuded me of my pinafore, and then hurrying me to the top of the stairs, bid me go down directly, as I was wanted in the breakfast-room.
spared - se salvó; palo, verga
hauled - arrastrado; empujar, tirar fuerte, llevar
inflicted - nfligido; infligir
merciless - sin piedad; despiadado, inmisericorde
brief - breve, corto, conciso, sucinto, escueto, resumen, poner al tanto
scrub - fregar bien, restregar
coarse - grosero; tosco, rústico, rudo, bruto
disciplined - disciplinado; disciplina, castigo, ramo, disciplinar
bristly - rizado
denuded - despojado; desnudar
bid - ofertar; pujar, hacer una oferta
I would have asked who wanted me: I would have demanded if Mrs. Reed was there; but Bessie was already gone, and had closed the nursery-door upon me. I slowly descended. For nearly three months, I had never been called to Mrs. Reed's presence; restricted so long to the nursery, the breakfast, dining, and drawing-rooms were become for me awful regions, on which it dismayed me to intrude.
descended - descendió; descender, bajar
restricted - restringida; restringir, limitar
dining - cenar; jaleo
dismayed - consternado; espanto, estupefacción, consternación
intrude - intrusos; meterse
I now stood in the empty hall; before me was the breakfast-room door, and I stopped, intimidated and trembling. What a miserable little poltroon had fear, engendered of unjust punishment, made of me in those days! I feared to return to the nursery, and feared to go forward to the parlour; ten minutes I stood in agitated hesitation; the vehement ringing of the breakfast-room bell decided me; I must enter.
intimidated - intimidado; intimidar, amedrentar
poltroon - cobarde, mandria, blanco, blandengue
engendered - engendrar
parlour - salón
agitated - agitado; agitar, perturbar
hesitation - hesitación, vacilación, dudas, titubeo
vehement - vehemente
"Who could want me?" I asked inwardly, as with both hands I turned the stiff door-handle, which, for a second or two, resisted my efforts. "What should I see besides Aunt Reed in the apartment?-a man or a woman?" The handle turned, the door unclosed, and passing through and curtseying low, I looked up at-a black pillar!
inwardly - nteriormente
stiff - rígido, duro, tieso, inflexible
handle - manejar; mango; asa; manilla, pomo(puerta)
unclosed - Descubrir
curtseying - haciendo una reverencia; reverencia, inclinarse
pillar - pilar
such, at least, appeared to me, at first sight, the straight, narrow, sable-clad shape standing erect on the rug: the grim face at the top was like a carved mask, placed above the shaft by way of capital.
sable - cebellina, marta cibelina, marta, sable
erect - erecto, erguido
rug - tapete, alfombra, alfombrilla
carved - tallado; cortar, trinchar, tallar, esculpir
shaft - eje; asta, astil, haz, rayo, vara, barra
Mrs. Reed occupied her usual seat by the fireside; she made a signal to me to approach; I did so, and she introduced me to the stony stranger with the words: "This is the little girl respecting whom I applied to you."
occupied - ocupado; ocupar
He, for it was a man, turned his head slowly towards where I stood, and having examined me with the two inquisitive-looking grey eyes which twinkled under a pair of bushy brows, said solemnly, and in a bass voice, "Her size is small: what is her age?"
inquisitive - inquisitivo, curioso
twinkled - parpadeó; titilar, fulgurar, refulgir
bushy - tupido, poblado
brows - cejas; (brow) cejas
solemnly - solemnemente
bass voice - bajo
"So much?" was the doubtful answer; and he prolonged his scrutiny for some minutes. Presently he addressed me-"Your name, little girl?"
doubtful - dudoso
scrutiny - escrutinio, escudrino, escudrinamiento
"Jane Eyre, sir."
In uttering these words I looked up: he seemed to me a tall gentleman; but then I was very little; his features were large, and they and all the lines of his frame were equally harsh and prim.
uttering - proferir; (utter) proferir
prim - formal, remilgado
"Well, Jane Eyre, and are you a good child?"
Impossible to reply to this in the affirmative: my little world held a contrary opinion: I was silent. Mrs. Reed answered for me by an expressive shake of the head, adding soon, "Perhaps the less said on that subject the better, Mr. Brocklehurst."
affirmative - afirmativo, positivo, afirmativa
contrary - contrario
expressive - expresivo
"Sorry indeed to hear it! she and I must have some talk;" and bending from the perpendicular, he installed his person in the arm-chair opposite Mrs. Reed's. "Come here," he said.
perpendicular - perpendicular
installed - instalado; instalar
I stepped across the rug; he placed me square and straight before him. What a face he had, now that it was almost on a level with mine! what a great nose! and what a mouth! and what large prominent teeth!
"No sight so sad as that of a naughty child," he began, "especially a naughty little girl. Do you know where the wicked go after death?"
"They go to hell," was my ready and orthodox answer.
hell - infierno
orthodox - ortodoxo
"And what is hell? Can you tell me that?"
"A pit full of fire."
pit - hoyo, foso, fosa
"And should you like to fall into that pit, and to be burning there for ever?"
"What must you do to avoid it?"
I deliberated a moment; my answer, when it did come, was objectionable: "I must keep in good health, and not die."
deliberated - deliberó; deliberado, a propósito, prudente, deliberar
"How can you keep in good health? Children younger than you die daily. I buried a little child of five years old only a day or two since,-a good little child, whose soul is now in heaven. It is to be feared the same could not be said of you were you to be called hence."
Not being in a condition to remove his doubt, I only cast my eyes down on the two large feet planted on the rug, and sighed, wishing myself far enough away.
cast - moldear, elenco, castear, sondar, sondear, lanzar, lanzamiento
"I hope that sigh is from the heart, and that you repent of ever having been the occasion of discomfort to your excellent benefactress."
sigh - suspiro; suspirar
discomfort - incomodidad; malestar, desasosiego
"Benefactress! benefactress!" said I inwardly: "they all call Mrs. Reed my benefactress; if so, a benefactress is a disagreeable thing."
disagreeable - desagradable
"Do you say your prayers night and morning?" continued my interrogator.
interrogator - interrogador
"Do you read your Bible?"
Bible - la biblia; biblia
"With pleasure? Are you fond of it?"
"I like Revelations, and the book of Daniel, and Genesis and Samuel, and a little bit of Exodus, and some parts of Kings and Chronicles, and Job and Jonah."
revelations - revelaciones; revelación, develamiento
Daniel - Daniel
Genesis - génesis
Exodus - exodo; Éxodo
Chronicles - crónicas; crónica
Jonah - Jonás, Jonás
"And the Psalms? I hope you like them?"
Psalms - salmos; salmo
"No? oh, shocking! I have a little boy, younger than you, who knows six Psalms by heart: and when you ask him which he would rather have, a gingerbread-nut to eat or a verse of a Psalm to learn, he says: 'Oh! the verse of a Psalm! angels sing Psalms;'says he, 'I wish to be a little angel here below;'he then gets two nuts in recompense for his infant piety."
gingerbread - pan de jengibre, pan de especias
verse - verso; estrofa
psalm - salmo
angel - ángel
recompense - recompensa
"Psalms are not interesting," I remarked.
remarked - remarcado; observación, comentario
"That proves you have a wicked heart; and you must pray to God to change it: to give you a new and clean one: to take away your heart of stone and give you a heart of flesh."
I was about to propound a question, touching the manner in which that operation of changing my heart was to be performed, when Mrs. Reed interposed, telling me to sit down; she then proceeded to carry on the conversation herself.
propound - proponer
proceeded - procedió; continuar, proceder
"Mr. Brocklehurst, I believe I intimated in the letter which I wrote to you three weeks ago, that this little girl has not quite the character and disposition I could wish: should you admit her into Lowood school, I should be glad if the superintendent and teachers were requested to keep a strict eye on her, and, above all, to guard against her worst fault, a tendency to deceit. I mention this in your hearing, Jane, that you may not attempt to impose on Mr.
Superintendent - superintendente, director, supervisor
deceit - engano; bellaquería, fraude, engano, embeleco
attempt - intentar, tentativa, intento, ensayo
impose - imponer
"Nothing, indeed," thought I, as I struggled to repress a sob, and hastily wiped away some tears, the impotent evidences of my anguish.
struggled - luchado; lucha, forcejeo, brega, luchar, esforzarse con denuedo
repress - reprimir
sob - sollozar; hdp
"Deceit is, indeed, a sad fault in a child," said Mr. Brocklehurst; "it is akin to falsehood, and all liars will have their portion in the lake burning with fire and brimstone; she shall, however, be watched, Mrs. Reed. I will speak to Miss Temple and the teachers."
akin - parecido; emparentado, semejante, similar
falsehood - falsedad
liars - mentirosos; mentiroso, mentirosa, embustero, embustera
portion - porción
Temple - templo
"I should wish her to be brought up in a manner suiting her prospects," continued my benefactress; "to be made useful, to be kept humble: as for the vacations, she will, with your permission, spend them always at Lowood."
prospects - perspectivas; perspectiva, vista, panorama, expectativa
"Your decisions are perfectly judicious, madam," returned Mr. Brocklehurst. "Humility is a Christian grace, and one peculiarly appropriate to the pupils of Lowood; I, therefore, direct that especial care shall be bestowed on its cultivation amongst them. I have studied how best to mortify in them the worldly sentiment of pride; and, only the other day, I had a pleasing proof of my success. My second daughter, Augusta, went with her mama to visit the school, and on her return she exclaimed: 'Oh, dear papa, how quiet and plain all the girls at Lowood look, with their hair combed behind their ears, and their long pinafores, and those little holland pockets outside their frocks-they are almost like poor people's children!
judicious - uiciosa; juicioso
humility - humildad
Christian - cristiano, cristiana, Cristián
grace - gracias, benedícite, gracia, donaire, merced
appropriate - es apropiado; apropiado, adecuado, aduenarse, designar
pupils - alumnos; alumno
especial - especial
bestowed - otorgado; guardar, estibar, depositar, alojar, acordar, conceder
cultivation - cultivación, cultivo, cultura
mortify - mortificar; humillar
worldly - undano
Proof - pruebas; prueba
combed - peinado; peine
and,'said she, 'they looked at my dress and mama's, as if they had never seen a silk gown before.'"
"This is the state of things I quite approve," returned Mrs. Reed; "had I sought all England over, I could scarcely have found a system more exactly fitting a child like Jane Eyre. Consistency, my Dear Mr. Brocklehurst; I advocate consistency in all things."
approve - aprobar; tener un buen concepto de
consistency - consistencia
Dear Mr - Estimado Sr.
advocate - abogado, abogada, portavoz, representante, vocero, recomendar
"Consistency, madam, is the first of Christian duties; and it has been observed in every arrangement connected with the establishment of Lowood: plain fare, simple attire, unsophisticated accommodations, hardy and active habits; such is the order of the day in the house and its inhabitants."
observed - observado; observar, seguir, tomar en cuenta
establishment - establecimiento, establishment
plain fare - tarifa plana; comida sencilla
hardy - robusto, resistente
inhabitants - habitantes; habitante, residente, lugareno, lugarena
"Quite right, sir. I may then depend upon this child being received as a pupil at Lowood, and there being trained in conformity to her position and prospects?"
pupil - alumno
conformity - conformidad
"Madam, you may: she shall be placed in that nursery of chosen plants, and I trust she will show herself grateful for the inestimable privilege of her election."
trust - confiar; confianza, crédito, fiar, consorcio, trust
"I will send her, then, as soon as possible, Mr. Brocklehurst; for, I assure you, I feel anxious to be relieved of a responsibility that was becoming too irksome."
assure - asegurar
relieved - aliviado; aliviar, relevar
"No doubt, no doubt, madam; and now I wish you good morning. I shall return to Brocklehurst Hall in the course of a week or two: my good friend, the Archdeacon, will not permit me to leave him sooner. I shall send Miss Temple notice that she is to expect a new girl, so that there will be no difficulty about receiving her. Good-bye."
Archdeacon - arcediano, archidiácono
Good-bye - (Good-bye) Adiós
"Good-bye, Mr. Brocklehurst; remember me to Mrs. and Miss Brocklehurst, and to Augusta and Theodore, and Master Broughton Brocklehurst."
"I will, madam. Little girl, here is a book entitled the 'Child's Guide,'read it with prayer, especially that part containing 'An account of the awfully sudden death of Martha G---, a naughty child addicted to falsehood and deceit.'"
entitled - con derecho; intitular
awfully - muy mal; asombroso
sudden death - muerte súbita
addicted - adicto, viciado, causar adicción en, volver adicto, viciar
With these words Mr. Brocklehurst put into my hand a thin pamphlet sewn in a cover, and having rung for his carriage, he departed.
pamphlet - folleto, panfleto
sewn - cosido; coser
rung - picado; escalón; (ring) picado; escalón
Mrs. Reed and I were left alone: some minutes passed in silence; she was sewing, I was watching her. Mrs.
Reed might be at that time some six or seven and thirty; she was a woman of robust frame, square-shouldered and strong-limbed, not tall, and, though stout, not obese: she had a somewhat large face, the under jaw being much developed and very solid; her brow was low, her chin large and prominent, mouth and nose sufficiently regular; under her light eyebrows glimmered an eye devoid of ruth; her skin was dark and opaque, her hair nearly flaxen; her constitution was sound as a bell-illness never came near her; she was an exact, clever manager; her household and tenantry were thoroughly under her control; her children only at times defied her authority and laughed it to scorn; she dressed well, and had a presence and port calculated to set off handsome attire.
robust - robusto
limbed - con extremidades; miembro
obese - obeso
jaw - mandíbula; maxilar
chin - barbilla, mentón
sufficiently - suficientemente
eyebrows - cejas; ceja
glimmered - resplandeció; luz tenue, titileo
devoid - vacío, desprovisto
ruth - Rut, Ruth
opaque - opaco
constitution - constitución, constituciones
household - hogar, agregado familiar, núcleo familiar, familia, casero
tenantry - Tenencia
thoroughly - cabalmente, a cabalidad, a fondo, detenidamente
defied - desafiado; desafiar, desobedecer, renunciar
scorn - despreciar, desdenar, menospreciar, rechazar, escarnecer
calculated - calculado; calcular
Sitting on a low stool, a few yards from her arm-chair, I examined her figure; I perused her features. In my hand I held the tract containing the sudden death of the Liar, to which narrative my attention had been pointed as to an appropriate warning. What had just passed; what Mrs.
tract - tracto; extensión
liar - mentiroso, mentirosa, embustero, embustera
Reed had said concerning me to Mr. Brocklehurst; the whole tenor of their conversation, was recent, raw, and stinging in my mind; I had felt every word as acutely as I had heard it plainly, and a passion of resentment fomented now within me.
stinging - Picando; (sting) Picando
acutely - agudamente; intensamente
resentment - resentimiento, animadversión, animosidad, rencor
fomented - fomentado; fomentar
Mrs. Reed looked up from her work; her eye settled on mine, her fingers at the same time suspended their nimble movements.
settled - resuelto; instalar, colocar
suspended - suspendido; suspender
nimble - diestro, ágil, hábil, despierto
"Go out of the room; return to the nursery," was her mandate. My look or something else must have struck her as offensive, for she spoke with extreme though suppressed irritation. I got up, I went to the door; I came back again; I walked to the window, across the room, then close up to her.
mandate - Mandato
struck - golpeado; tachar, borrar, golpear, pegar, acunar
offensive - ofensivo, ofensiva
suppressed - suprimido; reprimar, contener, ocultar, suprimir
irritation - irritación
Speak I must: I had been trodden on severely, and must turn: but how? What strength had I to dart retaliation at my antagonist? I gathered my energies and launched them in this blunt sentence-
trodden - pisado; pisar, pisotear, hollar
severely - gravemente; severamente
dart - dardo, flechilla
retaliation - represalias; represalia
antagonist - antagonista
launched - lanzado; botar, echar al mar
"I am not deceitful: if I were, I should say I loved you; but I declare I do not love you: I dislike you the worst of anybody in the world except John Reed; and this book about the liar, you may give to your girl, Georgiana, for it is she who tells lies, and not I."
deceitful - enganoso; falso, deshonesto
declare - explicar, aclarar, declarar
Mrs. Reed's hands still lay on her work inactive: her eye of ice continued to dwell freezingly on mine.
inactive - inactivo
dwell - habitar, morar
freezingly - Congeladamente
"What more have you to say?" she asked, rather in the tone in which a person might address an opponent of adult age than such as is ordinarily used to a child.
opponent - oponente, antagonista, contrincante, adversario, opositor
That eye of hers, that voice stirred every antipathy I had. Shaking from head to foot, thrilled with ungovernable excitement, I continued-
thrilled - emocionado; excitar; emocionar, conmover
ungovernable - gobernable
"I am glad you are no relation of mine: I will never call you aunt again as long as I live. I will never come to see you when I am grown up; and if any one asks me how I liked you, and how you treated me, I will say the very thought of you makes me sick, and that you treated me with miserable cruelty."
liked you - gustar alguien
cruelty - crueldad
"How dare you affirm that, Jane Eyre?"
affirm - afirmar
"How dare I, Mrs. Reed? How dare I? Because it is the truth. You think I have no feelings, and that I can do without one bit of love or kindness; but I cannot live so: and you have no pity. I shall remember how you thrust me back-roughly and violently thrust me back-into the red-room, and locked me up there, to my dying day; though I was in agony; though I cried out, while suffocating with distress, 'Have mercy! Have mercy, Aunt Reed!' And that punishment you made me suffer because your wicked boy struck me-knocked me down for nothing.
roughly - a grandes rasgos; aproximadamente
violently - violentamente
dying - Muriendo; (dye) Muriendo
agony - agonía, angustia
suffocating - Asfixiante; (suffocate); sofocar, ahogar
distress - aflicción, angustia, desasosiego, ansiedad
I will tell anybody who asks me questions, this exact tale. People think you a good woman, but you are bad, hard-hearted. You are deceitful!"
How dare I, Mrs. Reed? How dare I? Because it is the
Ere I had finished this reply, my soul began to expand, to exult, with the strangest sense of freedom, of triumph, I ever felt. It seemed as if an invisible bond had burst, and that I had struggled out into unhoped-for liberty. Not without cause was this sentiment: Mrs. Reed looked frightened; her work had slipped from her knee; she was lifting up her hands, rocking herself to and fro, and even twisting her face as if she would cry.
exult - exultar
freedom - libertad
triumph - triunfar; triunfo
invisible - invisible
bond - bono; vínculo
unhoped - sin esperanzas
twisting - Torciendo; (twist); torcer, sacar punta a, torcerse
"Jane, you are under a mistake: what is the matter with you? Why do you tremble so violently? Would you like to drink some water?"
tremble - tiritar, temblar, temblor, vibración, temblequera
"No, Mrs. Reed."
"Is there anything else you wish for, Jane? I assure you, I desire to be your friend."
desire - desear, deseo, gana
"Not you. You told Mr. Brocklehurst I had a bad character, a deceitful disposition; and I'll let everybody at Lowood know what you are, and what you have done."
"Jane, you don't understand these things: children must be corrected for their faults."
faults - fallas; defecto, falla, culpa, falta
"Deceit is not my fault!" I cried out in a savage, high voice.
"But you are passionate, Jane, that you must allow: and now return to the nursery-there's a dear-and lie down a little."
"I am not your dear; I cannot lie down: send me to school soon, Mrs. Reed, for I hate to live here."
"I will indeed send her to school soon," murmured Mrs. Reed sotto voce; and gathering up her work, she abruptly quitted the apartment.
murmured - murmuró; soplo, murmurar
voce - oce
I was left there alone-winner of the field. It was the hardest battle I had fought, and the first victory I had gained: I stood awhile on the rug, where Mr. Brocklehurst had stood, and I enjoyed my conqueror's solitude. First, I smiled to myself and felt elate; but this fierce pleasure subsided in me as fast as did the accelerated throb of my pulses. A child cannot quarrel with its elders, as I had done; cannot give its furious feelings uncontrolled play, as I had given mine, without experiencing afterwards the pang of remorse and the chill of reaction.
Gained - ganado; ganar, adquirir, obtener, conseguir
Conqueror - conquistador
solitude - soledad, solitud
fierce - fiero, feroz, enconado
subsided - se calmó; calmarse
accelerated - acelerado; acelerar, apresurar
throb - palpitar
pulses - pulsos; pulso
quarrel - discutir; pelea, rina
furious - furioso
uncontrolled - ncontrolada; desaforado, descontrolado
remorse - remordimientos; remordimiento, compunción
A ridge of lighted heath, alive, glancing, devouring, would have been a meet emblem of my mind when I accused and menaced Mrs. Reed: the same ridge, black and blasted after the flames are dead, would have represented as meetly my subsequent condition, when half-an-hour's silence and reflection had shown me the madness of my conduct, and the dreariness of my hated and hating position.
ridge - cresta, arista, cumbrera, caballete, cordillera, sierra, dorsal
Heath - páramo, brezal, brezo
devouring - evorando; devorar, jambar
emblem - emblema
menaced - amenazado; amenaza, peligro
blasted - explotado; ráfaga
flames - llamas; flama, llama
meetly - En serio
subsequent - subsiguiente, posterior
reflection - reflexión, reflejo
madness - locura
Something of vengeance I had tasted for the first time; as aromatic wine it seemed, on swallowing, warm and racy: its after-flavour, metallic and corroding, gave me a sensation as if I had been poisoned. Willingly would I now have gone and asked Mrs.
vengeance - venganza
aromatic - aromático
swallowing - tragando; tragar, engullir
racy - picante; sexy
flavour - sabor
metallic - metálico, metalizado
corroding - corrosión; corroer
willingly - de buena gana
Reed's pardon; but I knew, partly from experience and partly from instinct, that was the way to make her repulse me with double scorn, thereby re-exciting every turbulent impulse of my nature.
partly - en parte, en cierto modo
instinct - instinto
repulse - repulsión; repulsar
turbulent - tempestuoso, agitado, accidentado, turbulento
I would fain exercise some better faculty than that of fierce speaking; fain find nourishment for some less fiendish feeling than that of sombre indignation. I took a book-some Arabian tales; I sat down and endeavoured to read. I could make no sense of the subject; my own thoughts swam always between me and the page I had usually found fascinating. I opened the glass-door in the breakfast-room: the shrubbery was quite still: the black frost reigned, unbroken by sun or breeze, through the grounds. I covered my head and arms with the skirt of my frock, and went out to walk in a part of the plantation which was quite sequestrated; but I found no pleasure in the silent trees, the falling fir-cones, the congealed relics of autumn, russet leaves, swept by past winds in heaps, and now stiffened together.
faculty - cuerpo docente, facultad
fiendish - diabólico
Arabian - arabe; árabe
thoughts - pensamientos; pensamiento
reigned - reinado, reinar
unbroken - intacto
frock - vestido
plantation - plantación
sequestrated - Secuestrar
fir - abeto
cones - onos; cono, cono, estróbilo, checkcucurucho, checkbarquillo
congealed - congelado; congelar, coagular
russet - ocre, marrojizo, marrojiza, color teja
winds - vientos; viento, aire
in heaps - en montones
stiffened - rígido; atiesar, entiesar, endurecer, atiesarse, entiesarse
I leaned against a gate, and looked into an empty field where no sheep were feeding, where the short grass was nipped and blanched. It was a very grey day; a most opaque sky, "onding on snaw," canopied all; thence flakes felt it intervals, which settled on the hard path and on the hoary lea without melting. I stood, a wretched child enough, whispering to myself over and over again, "What shall I do?-what shall I do?"
leaned - apoyado; inclinarse
blanched - Palidecer
onding - nding
canopied - con dosel; dosel, palio, toldo, alero, copa, parabrisas, capota
flakes - escamas; copo
hoary - cansado; cano
melting - fundiendo; fusión, fundición, derretimiento
All at once I heard a clear voice call, "Miss Jane! where are you? Come to lunch!"
It was Bessie, I knew well enough; but I did not stir; her light step came tripping down the path.
"You naughty little thing!" she said. "Why don't you come when you are called?"
Bessie's presence, compared with the thoughts over which I had been brooding, seemed cheerful; even though, as usual, she was somewhat cross. The fact is, after my conflict with and victory over Mrs. Reed, I was not disposed to care much for the nursemaid's transitory anger; and I was disposed to bask in her youthful lightness of heart. I just put my two arms round her and said, "Come, Bessie! don't scold."
brooding - inquietante; meditativo; (brood); cría, polluelo, prole
conflict - conflicto, discrepancia, discrepar, estar renido, coincidir
nursemaid - ninera; ninera, nana
anger - ira, enfado, enojo, rabia
youthful - juvenil, joven
lightness - ligereza
The action was more frank and fearless than any I was habituated to indulge in: somehow it pleased her.
fearless - intrépido, impávido, sin miedo
habituated - habituarse
indulge - darse un capricho; ceder, sucumbir, mimar, consentir
somehow - de algún modo, de alguna manera, de alguna forma
"You are a strange child, Miss Jane," she said, as she looked down at me; "a little roving, solitary thing: and you are going to school, I suppose?"
nodded - asintió; asentir, cabecear, cabezada
"And won't you be sorry to leave poor Bessie?"
"What does Bessie care for me? She is always scolding me."
scolding - reganar; regano, sermón, bronca, rapapolvo; (scold); reganar
"Because you're such a queer, frightened, shy little thing. You should be bolder."
queer - raro, extrano, trucha, marica, maricón
bolder - más audaz; valiente, audaz, atrevido
"What! to get more knocks?"
"Nonsense! But you are rather put upon, that's certain. My mother said, when she came to see me last week, that she would not like a little one of her own to be in your place.-Now, come in, and I've some good news for you."
"I don't think you have, Bessie."
"Child! what do you mean? What sorrowful eyes you fix on me! Well, but Missis and the young ladies and Master John are going out to tea this afternoon, and you shall have tea with me. I'll ask cook to bake you a little cake, and then you shall help me to look over your drawers; for I am soon to pack your trunk. Missis intends you to leave Gateshead in a day or two, and you shall choose what toys you like to take with you."
sorrowful - triste
have tea - tomar un té
trunk - tronco, baúl, trompa
"Bessie, you must promise not to scold me any more till I go."
"Well, I will; but mind you are a very good girl, and don't be afraid of me. Don't start when I chance to speak rather sharply; it's so provoking."
sharply - Agudamente
provoking - provocando; provocar
"I don't think I shall ever be afraid of you again, Bessie, because I have got used to you, and I shall soon have another set of people to dread."
"If you dread them they'll dislike you."
"As you do, Bessie?"
"I don't dislike you, Miss; I believe I am fonder of you than of all the others."
fonder - con más carino; carinoso, afectuoso
"You don't show it."
"You little sharp thing! you've got quite a new way of talking. What makes you so venturesome and hardy?"
venturesome - Aventurero
"Why, I shall soon be away from you, and besides"-I was going to say something about what had passed between me and Mrs. Reed, but on second thoughts I considered it better to remain silent on that head.
"And so you're glad to leave me?"
"Not at all, Bessie; indeed, just now I'm rather sorry."
"Just now! and rather! How coolly my little lady says it! I dare say now if I were to ask you for a kiss you wouldn't give it me: you'd say you'd rather not."
coolly - con frialdad
"I'll kiss you and welcome: bend your head down." Bessie stooped; we mutually embraced, and I followed her into the house quite comforted. That afternoon lapsed in peace and harmony; and in the evening Bessie told me some of her most enchanting stories, and sang me some of her sweetest songs. Even for me life had its gleams of sunshine.
stooped - encorvado; inclinarse, agacharse
mutually - mutuamente
embraced - abrazado; abrazar, abrazo
comforted - confortado; comodidad, consuelo, confortar
lapsed - aducado; lapso, desliz, prescripción
enchanting - encantador; encantar
gleams - brillos; relucir, brillar, destellar
sunshine - sol, luz del sol
Five o'clock had hardly struck on the morning of the 19th of January, when Bessie brought a candle into my closet and found me already up and nearly dressed. I had risen half-an-hour before her entrance, and had washed my face, and put on my clothes by the light of a half-moon just setting, whose rays streamed through the narrow window near my crib. I was to leave Gateshead that day by a coach which passed the lodge gates at six a.m. Bessie was the only person yet risen; she had lit a fire in the nursery, where she now proceeded to make my breakfast.
half-moon - (half-moon) media luna
rays - rayos; rayo
streamed - en streaming; corriente, flujo, arroyo, fluir, recibir flujo
Few children can eat when excited with the thoughts of a journey; nor could I. Bessie, having pressed me in vain to take a few spoonfuls of the boiled milk and bread she had prepared for me, wrapped up some biscuits in a paper and put them into my bag; then she helped me on with my pelisse and bonnet, and wrapping herself in a shawl, she and I left the nursery. As we passed Mrs. Reed's bedroom, she said, "Will you go in and bid Missis good-bye?"
spoonfuls - cucharadas; cucharada
wrapping - Envolver; (wrap) Envolver
"No, Bessie: she came to my crib last night when you were gone down to supper, and said I need not disturb her in the morning, or my cousins either; and she told me to remember that she had always been my best friend, and to speak of her and be grateful to her accordingly."
disturb - perturbar, molestar
accordingly - en consecuencia, por consiguiente, consecuentemente
"What did you say, Miss?"
"Nothing: I covered my face with the bedclothes, and turned from her to the wall."
bedclothes - ropa de cama
"That was wrong, Miss Jane."
"It was quite right, Bessie. Your Missis has not been my friend: she has been my foe."
foe - enemigo
"O Miss Jane! don't say so!"
"Good-bye to Gateshead!" cried I, as we passed through the hall and went out at the front door.
The moon was set, and it was very dark; Bessie carried a lantern, whose light glanced on wet steps and gravel road sodden by a recent thaw. Raw and chill was the winter morning: my teeth chattered as I hastened down the drive. There was a light in the porter's lodge: when we reached it, we found the porter's wife just kindling her fire: my trunk, which had been carried down the evening before, stood corded at the door.
glanced - mirada; ojear, echar un vistazo, mirar, pispear, vistazo
gravel - grava, gravilla, rociar con grava, salpicar con grava
sodden - empapado; (seethe); hervir, cocer
thaw - descongelar, derretir, deshelar, deshielo
chattered - charló; chacharear, parlotear
hastened - se precipitó; correr, acelerar, precipitar, anticipar, adelantar
kindling - lena; astillas; (kindle) lena; astillas
corded - con cable; cuerda, cable, hilo, cordón
It wanted but a few minutes of six, and shortly after that hour had struck, the distant roll of wheels announced the coming coach; I went to the door and watched its lamps approach rapidly through the gloom.
shortly - pronto, en breve
rapidly - rápidamente
"Is she going by herself?" asked the porter's wife.
"And how far is it?"
"What a long way! I wonder Mrs. Reed is not afraid to trust her so far alone."
The coach drew up; there it was at the gates with its four horses and its top laden with passengers: the guard and coachman loudly urged haste; my trunk was hoisted up; I was taken from Bessie's neck, to which I clung with kisses.
laden - cargado; (lade); cargado
coachman - Cochero
urged - te urge; impulso, impulsar, urgir, aguijonear, apresurar
haste - prisa, premura
hoisted - izadas; izar, aparejo
clung - aferrado; engancharse, adherirse
"Be sure and take good care of her," cried she to the guard, as he lifted me into the inside.
"Ay, ay!" was the answer: the door was slapped to, a voice exclaimed "All right," and on we drove. Thus was I severed from Bessie and Gateshead; thus whirled away to unknown, and, as I then deemed, remote and mysterious regions.
Ay - Sí
slapped - abofeteado; bofetada, cachetada, abofetear, cachetear, golpear
severed - cortado; cortar, tallar
mysterious - misterioso
I remember but little of the journey; I only know that the day seemed to me of a preternatural length, and that we appeared to travel over hundreds of miles of road. We passed through several towns, and in one, a very large one, the coach stopped; the horses were taken out, and the passengers alighted to dine. I was carried into an inn, where the guard wanted me to have some dinner; but, as I had no appetite, he left me in an immense room with a fireplace at each end, a chandelier pendent from the ceiling, and a little red gallery high up against the wall filled with musical instruments.
alighted - se bajó; apearse de
dine - cenar
Inn - posada, venta
appetite - apetito, deseo, ganas
immense - inmenso
fireplace - chimenea, hogar
chandelier - candelabro; arana de luces, lámpara de arana
pendent - colgante
Here I walked about for a long time, feeling very strange, and mortally apprehensive of some one coming in and kidnapping me; for I believed in kidnappers, their exploits having frequently figured in Bessie's fireside chronicles. At last the guard returned; once more I was stowed away in the coach, my protector mounted his own seat, sounded his hollow horn, and away we rattled over the "stony street" of L-.
mortally - Mortalmente
apprehensive - preocupado; aprensivo, inquieto
kidnapping - secuestro; (kidnap); secuestrar
kidnappers - secuestradores; secuestrador, raptor, captor
exploits - hazanas; hazana, proeza, gesta, heroicidad
stowed away - Guardar; viajar de polizón; atracarse
protector - protector, protectora, valedor
horn - cuerno
rattled - molesto; hacer sonar, hacer vibrar
The afternoon came on wet and somewhat misty: as it waned into dusk, I began to feel that we were getting very far indeed from Gateshead: we ceased to pass through towns; the country changed; great grey hills heaved up round the horizon: as twilight deepened, we descended a valley, dark with wood, and long after night had overclouded the prospect, I heard a wild wind rushing amongst trees.
misty - niebla; con neblina, neblinoso
waned - desapareció; menguar
dusk - oscurecer; anochecer, ocaso, crepúsculo
ceased - esado; cesar, parar, terminar
heaved - pesado; ondular
deepened - rofundizado; ahondar, checkprofundizar
prospect - prospecto; perspectiva, vista, panorama, expectativa, prospectar
Lulled by the sound, I at last dropped asleep; I had not long slumbered when the sudden cessation of motion awoke me; the coach-door was open, and a person like a servant was standing at it: I saw her face and dress by the light of the lamps.
lulled - amansado; arrullar, adormecer
slumbered - dormía; adormecimiento, adormilamiento, adormecer, adormilar
cessation - dejar de fumar; cese
motion - movimiento, moción
awoke - despertó; despertar(se)
"Is there a little girl called Jane Eyre here?" she asked. I answered "Yes," and was then lifted out; my trunk was handed down, and the coach instantly drove away.
I was stiff with long sitting, and bewildered with the noise and motion of the coach: Gathering my faculties, I looked about me.
Rain, wind, and darkness filled the air; nevertheless, I dimly discerned a wall before me and a door open in it; through this door I passed with my new guide: she shut and locked it behind her. There was now visible a house or houses-for the building spread far-with many windows, and lights burning in some; we went up a broad pebbly path, splashing wet, and were admitted at a door; then the servant led me through a passage into a room with a fire, where she left me alone.
nevertheless - a pesar de todo; sin embargo, a pesar de esto, con todo
discerned - iscernido; percibir, sensar, vislumbrar, discernir
broad - amplio; ancho
pebbly - Guijarrosos
splashing - Salpicaduras; (splash); salpicadura, chapotear, salpicar
I stood and warmed my numbed fingers over the blaze, then I looked round; there was no candle, but the uncertain light from the hearth showed, by intervals, papered walls, carpet, curtains, shining mahogany furniture: it was a parlour, not so spacious or splendid as the drawing-room at Gateshead, but comfortable enough.
numbed - entumecido, entumido
blaze - arde; llamarada, incendio; resplandor
uncertain - incierto
I was puzzling to make out the subject of a picture on the wall, when the door opened, and an individual carrying a light entered; another followed close behind.
The first was a tall lady with dark hair, dark eyes, and a pale and large forehead; her figure was partly enveloped in a shawl, her countenance was grave, her bearing erect.
forehead - la frente; frente
enveloped - envuelto; envolver
countenance - semblante, apariencia, expresión, rostro
"The child is very young to be sent alone," said she, putting her candle down on the table. She considered me attentively for a minute or two, then further added-
attentively - con atención; atentamente
"She had better be put to bed soon; she looks tired: are you tired?" she asked, placing her hand on my shoulder.
"A little, ma'am."
"And hungry too, no doubt: let her have some supper before she goes to bed, Miss Miller. Is this the first time you have left your parents to come to school, my little girl?"
miller - Molinero, Molina
I explained to her that I had no parents. She inquired how long they had been dead: then how old I was, what was my name, whether I could read, write, and sew a little: then she touched my cheek gently with her forefinger, and saying, "She hoped I should be a good child," dismissed me along with Miss Miller.
inquired - preguntó; investigar, informarse
sew - coser
gently - suavemente; mansamente, suave
forefinger - índice, dedo índice
dismissed - despedido; despedir, echar, disipar, rechazar, expulsar
The lady I had left might be about twenty-nine; the one who went with me appeared some years younger: the first impressed me by her voice, look, and air. Miss Miller was more ordinary; ruddy in complexion, though of a careworn countenance; hurried in gait and action, like one who had always a multiplicity of tasks on hand: she looked, indeed, what I afterwards found she really was, an under-teacher. Led by her, I passed from compartment to compartment, from passage to passage, of a large and irregular building; till, emerging from the total and somewhat dreary silence pervading that portion of the house we had traversed, we came upon the hum of many voices, and presently entered a wide, long room, with great deal tables, two at each end, on each of which burnt a pair of candles, and seated all round on benches, a congregation of girls of every age, from nine or ten to twenty.
impressed - impresionado; impresionar, impresión, impresión
more ordinary - más ordinario
ruddy - rubicundo
careworn - cuidado
gait - caminar; andar
multiplicity - multiplicidad
compartment - compartimento; compartimiento, terraza
emerging - emergente; emerger, aparecer, surgir, aparecer, aflorar
pervading - mpregnante; permear
traversed - travesado; atravesar, recorrer
candles - velas; vela, candela, cirio
benches - bancos; banco
congregation - congregación
Seen by the dim light of the dips, their number to me appeared countless, though not in reality exceeding eighty; they were uniformly dressed in brown stuff frocks of quaint fashion, and long holland pinafores. It was the hour of study; they were engaged in conning over their to-morrow's task, and the hum I had heard was the combined result of their whispered repetitions.
dips - dips; mojar
countless - incontables; incontable, innumerable
exceeding - excediéndose; sobrepasar, pasarse, exceder
uniformly - uniformemente
quaint - raro, singular; pintoresco
conning - estafando; (con) estafando
morrow - manana; manana
whispered - susurrado; susurro, rumor, rastro, susurrar
repetitions - repeticiones; repetición
Miss Miller signed to me to sit on a bench near the door, then walking up to the top of the long room she cried out-
Bench - banco
"Monitors, collect the lesson-books and put them away!"
Monitors - monitores; monitor, controlar, monitorear, monitorizar
Four tall girls arose from different tables, and going round, gathered the books and removed them. Miss Miller again gave the word of command-
arose from - surgir de
going round - dando vueltas
"Monitors, fetch the supper-trays!"
trays - andejas; bandeja
The tall girls went out and returned presently, each bearing a tray, with portions of something, I knew not what, arranged thereon, and a pitcher of water and mug in the middle of each tray.
tray - bandeja
portions - porciones; porción
thereon - al respecto
Pitcher - Cántaro
mug - taza; tazón
The portions were handed round; those who liked took a draught of the water, the mug being common to all. When it came to my turn, I drank, for I was thirsty, but did not touch the food, excitement and fatigue rendering me incapable of eating: I now saw, however, that it was a thin oaten cake shared into fragments.
handed round - repartido
draught - de barril; dama
fatigue - fatiga, fatigar, acosar
fragments - fragmentos; fragmento, fragmentar
The meal over, prayers were read by Miss Miller, and the classes filed off, two and two, upstairs.
filed off - archivado
Overpowered by this time with weariness, I scarcely noticed what sort of a place the bedroom was, except that, like the schoolroom, I saw it was very long. To-night I was to be Miss Miller's bed-fellow; she helped me to undress: when laid down I glanced at the long rows of beds, each of which was quickly filled with two occupants; in ten minutes the single light was extinguished, and amidst silence and complete darkness I fell asleep.
overpowered - potente; dominar, vencer, panish: t-needed
schoolroom - aula escolar
undress - desvestirse, desnudarse
rows - filas; hilera, fila
occupants - ocupantes; ocupante
extinguished - extinguido; extinguir, apagar
amidst - en medio de; en medio
The night passed rapidly. I was too tired even to dream; I only once awoke to hear the wind rave in furious gusts, and the rain fall in torrents, and to be sensible that Miss Miller had taken her place by my side. When I again unclosed my eyes, a loud bell was ringing; the girls were up and dressing; day had not yet begun to dawn, and a rushlight or two burned in the room. I too rose reluctantly; it was bitter cold, and I dressed as well as I could for shivering, and washed when there was a basin at liberty, which did not occur soon, as there was but one basin to six girls, on the stands down the middle of the room.
rave - delirar
gusts - rachas; ráfaga, racha
torrents - orrentes; torrente
dawn - amanecer, alba, amanecer, aurora, madrugada
reluctantly - a reganadientes, de mala gana, con renuencia
shivering - Tiritando; (shiver) Tiritando
Again the bell rang: all formed in file, two and two, and in that order descended the stairs and entered the cold and dimly lit schoolroom: here prayers were read by Miss Miller; afterwards she called out-
A great tumult succeeded for some minutes, during which Miss Miller repeatedly exclaimed, "Silence!" and "Order!" When it subsided, I saw them all drawn up in four semicircles, before four chairs, placed at the four tables; all held books in their hands, and a great book, like a Bible, lay on each table, before the vacant seat.
repeatedly - reiteradamente, repetidamente
semicircles - semicírculos; semicírculo
A pause of some seconds succeeded, filled up by the low, vague hum of numbers; Miss Miller walked from class to class, hushing this indefinite sound.
hushing - callar, callarse, calmar, acallar, silencio
indefinite - indefinido
A distant bell tinkled: immediately three ladies entered the room, each walked to a table and took her seat. Miss Miller assumed the fourth vacant chair, which was that nearest the door, and around which the smallest of the children were assembled: to this inferior class I was called, and placed at the bottom of it.
assumed - asumido; suponer, dar por sentado, asumir
assembled - montado; ensamblar, construir, montar, reunir, juntar
inferior - inferior
Business now began, the day's Collect was repeated, then certain texts of Scripture were said, and to these succeeded a protracted reading of chapters in the Bible, which lasted an hour.
protracted - prolongado; prolongar, diferir, extender
By the time that exercise was terminated, day had fully dawned. The indefatigable bell now sounded for the fourth time: the classes were marshalled and marched into another room to breakfast: how glad I was to behold a prospect of getting something to eat! I was now nearly sick from inanition, having taken so little the day before.
terminated - terminado; terminar, acabar
indefatigable - incansable, infatigable
marshalled - marchado; mariscal, formar, recopilar, empaquetar
behold - contemplar, mirar, observar, he aquí, mirad
inanition - inanición
The refectory was a great, low-ceiled, gloomy room; on two long tables smoked basins of something hot, which, however, to my dismay, sent forth an odour far from inviting. I saw a universal manifestation of discontent when the fumes of the repast met the nostrils of those destined to swallow it; from the van of the procession, the tall girls of the first class, rose the whispered words-
refectory - refectorio
gloomy - lúgubre; lóbrego, sombrío
basins - uencas; pileta, lavabo, lavamanos, jofaina
dismay - espanto, estupefacción, consternación
odour - olor
universal - universal
manifestation - manifestación
discontent - descontento
fumes - humos; humo, humear, echar humo
repast - un banquete
nostrils - fosas nasales; narina, fosa nasal
swallow - tragar, engullir
procession - procesión
"Disgusting! The porridge is burnt again!"
disgusting - asqueroso; repugnar, dar asco, asquear, asco, repugnancia
porridge - gachas, puches, papilla
"Silence!" ejaculated a voice; not that of Miss Miller, but one of the upper teachers, a little and dark personage, smartly dressed, but of somewhat morose aspect, who installed herself at the top of one table, while a more buxom lady presided at the other. I looked in vain for her I had first seen the night before; she was not visible: Miss Miller occupied the foot of the table where I sat, and a strange, foreign-looking, elderly lady, the French teacher, as I afterwards found, took the corresponding seat at the other board.
ejaculated - yaculado; expeler, expulsar, eyacular, checkacabar
personage - personaje
smartly - Inteligentemente
morose - moroso; malhumorado
aspect - aspecto
installed - Instalar
buxom - pechugona, maciza, tetona
presided - presidió; presidir
elderly - ancianos; anciano, entrado en anos
French teacher - Profesor de francés
corresponding - corresponder, equivaler, corresponderse, cartearse
A long grace was said and a hymn sung; then a servant brought in some tea for the teachers, and the meal began.
Ravenous, and now very faint, I devoured a spoonful or two of my portion without thinking of its taste; but the first edge of hunger blunted, I perceived I had got in hand a nauseous mess; burnt porridge is almost as bad as rotten potatoes; famine itself soon sickens over it. The spoons were moved slowly: I saw each girl taste her food and try to swallow it; but in most cases the effort was soon relinquished.
ravenous - hambriento; famélico
faint - desmayarse; débil, tenue
devoured - evorado; devorar, jambar
spoonful - cucharada
hunger - hambre
blunted - embotado; desafilado, despuntado
perceived - percibido; percibir, entender
nauseous - náuseas; nauseabundo
rotten - podrido, estropeado, malo, putrefacto
famine - hambruna, hambre
relinquished - renunció; abandonar, renunciar, soltar, desistir
Breakfast was over, and none had breakfasted. Thanks being returned for what we had not got, and a second hymn chanted, the refectory was evacuated for the schoolroom. I was one of the last to go out, and in passing the tables, I saw one teacher take a basin of the porridge and taste it; she looked at the others; all their countenances expressed displeasure, and one of them, the stout one, whispered-
chanted - cantado; salmodiar
evacuated - evacuado; evacuar
countenances - emblantes; semblante, apariencia, expresión, rostro
displeasure - disgusto, desazón
"Abominable stuff! How shameful!"
abominable - abominable, aborrecible
shameful - vergonzoso
A quarter of an hour passed before lessons again began, during which the schoolroom was in a glorious tumult; for that space of time it seemed to be permitted to talk loud and more freely, and they used their privilege. The whole conversation ran on the breakfast, which one and all abused roundly. Poor things! it was the sole consolation they had.
glorious - glorioso
freely - libremente
abused - abusado; Abuso
roundly - Con rotundidad
sole - suela; planta
consolation - consolación, consuelo, premio de consolación, premio de consuelo
Miss Miller was now the only teacher in the room: a group of great girls standing about her spoke with serious and sullen gestures. I heard the name of Mr. Brocklehurst pronounced by some lips; at which Miss Miller shook her head disapprovingly; but she made no great effort to check the general wrath; doubtless she shared in it.
standing about - estar sin hacer nada, haraganear
gestures - gestos; gesto, ademán, detalle, atención
disapprovingly - con desaprobación
wrath - cólera, ira, castigo
doubtless - indudable, sin duda, indudablemente
A clock in the schoolroom struck nine; Miss Miller left her circle, and standing in the middle of the room, cried-
"Silence! To your seats!"
Discipline prevailed: in five minutes the confused throng was resolved into order, and comparative silence quelled the Babel clamour of tongues. The upper teachers now punctually resumed their posts: but still, all seemed to wait. Ranged on benches down the sides of the room, the eighty girls sat motionless and erect; a quaint assemblage they appeared, all with plain locks combed from their faces, not a curl visible; in brown dresses, made high and surrounded by a narrow tucker about the throat, with little pockets of holland (shaped something like a Highlander's purse) tied in front of their frocks, and destined to serve the purpose of a work-bag: all, too, wearing woollen stockings and country-made shoes, fastened with brass buckles.
discipline - disciplina, castigo, ramo, disciplinar
prevailed - revaleció; prevalecer, vencer
throng - una multitud; muchedumbre, gentío, caterva, multitud, montón
comparative - comparativa; comparativo, comparativo
quelled - acallado; reprimir, sofocar
clamour - clamor, griterío
punctually - puntualmente
resumed - se reanuda; reanudar
motionless - inmóvil, inerte, quieto, en reposo
surrounded - rodeado; circundar, envolver, cercar, rodear
purse - bolsa, monedero, fruncir
woollen - Lana
stockings - medias; media
brass - latón
buckles - hebillas; hebilla
Above twenty of those clad in this costume were full-grown girls, or rather young women; it suited them ill, and gave an air of oddity even to the prettiest.
oddity - extraneza; rareza
I was still looking at them, and also at intervals examining the teachers-none of whom precisely pleased me; for the stout one was a little coarse, the dark one not a little fierce, the foreigner harsh and grotesque, and Miss Miller, poor thing! looked purple, weather-beaten, and over-worked-when, as my eye wandered from face to face, the whole school rose simultaneously, as if moved by a common spring.
precisely - exactamente; precisamente
grotesque - grotesco
wandered - deambuló; vagar, divagar, errar, deambular, enganar
simultaneously - simultáneamente
What was the matter? I had heard no order given: I was puzzled. Ere I had gathered my wits, the classes were again seated: but as all eyes were now turned to one point, mine followed the general direction, and encountered the personage who had received me last night. She stood at the bottom of the long room, on the hearth; for there was a fire at each end; she surveyed the two rows of girls silently and gravely.
wits - agudeza, ingenio, chispa, gracia
encountered - encontrado; encontrar
silently - en silencio; silenciosamente
gravely - gravemente
Miss Miller approaching, seemed to ask her a question, and having received her answer, went back to her place, and said aloud-
approaching - se acerca; acercarse, aproximarse
"Monitor of the first class, fetch the globes!"
monitor - monitor, controlar, monitorear, monitorizar
globes - globos; globo, globo terráqueo
While the direction was being executed, the lady consulted moved slowly up the room. I suppose I have a considerable organ of veneration, for I retain yet the sense of admiring awe with which my eyes traced her steps. Seen now, in broad daylight, she looked tall, fair, and shapely; brown eyes with a benignant light in their irids, and a fine pencilling of long lashes round, relieved the whiteness of her large front; on each of her temples her hair, of a very dark brown, was clustered in round curls, according to the fashion of those times, when neither smooth bands nor long ringlets were in vogue; her dress, also in the mode of the day, was of purple cloth, relieved by a sort of Spanish trimming of black velvet; a gold watch (watches were not so common then as now) shone at her girdle.
executed - ejecutado; ejecutar, ajusticiar, arrancar
consulted - consultado; consultar
considerable - considerable
organ - órgano, publicación oficial
retain - retener, detentar
awe - pavor, temor, medrosía, asombro, asombrar, abrumar
traced - rastreado; rastro, huella, vestigio, indicio
shapely - guapo; torneado, curvilíneo, exuberante
benignant - Benigno
lashes - pestanas; pestana
whiteness - blancura, albor, albura
temples - templos; templo
ringlets - irabuzón
vogue - de moda; boga
mode - modo
Spanish - espanol; espanol, castellano, espanol, castellano, hispano
trimming - Recorte; (trim); recortar, orlar, ribetear
velvet - terciopelo
girdle - faja; cinto
Let the reader add, to complete the picture, refined features; a complexion, if pale, clear; and a stately air and carriage, and he will have, at least, as clearly as words can give it, a correct idea of the exterior of Miss Temple-Maria Temple, as I afterwards saw the name written in a prayer-book intrusted to me to carry to church.
refined - refinado; refinar, perfeccionar
stately - enorial; majestuoso
exterior - exterior, exterior
Maria - María; (Marion) María
The superintendent of Lowood (for such was this lady) having taken her seat before a pair of globes placed on one of the tables, summoned the first class round her, and commenced giving a lesson on geography; the lower classes were called by the teachers: repetitions in history, grammar, &c.
commenced - comenzado; comenzar, empezar, iniciar, principiar
lower classes - las clases bajas
Grammar - gramática
went on for an hour; writing and arithmetic succeeded, and music lessons were given by Miss Temple to some of the elder girls. The duration of each lesson was measured by the clock, which at last struck twelve. The superintendent rose-
Arithmetic - aritmética, aritmético
duration - duración
"I have a word to address to the pupils," said she.
The tumult of cessation from lessons was already breaking forth, but it sank at her voice. She went on-
"You had this morning a breakfast which you could not eat; you must be hungry:-I have ordered that a lunch of bread and cheese shall be served to all."
The teachers looked at her with a sort of surprise.
"It is to be done on my responsibility," she added, in an explanatory tone to them, and immediately afterwards left the room.
explanatory - explicativo
The bread and cheese was presently brought in and distributed, to the high delight and refreshment of the whole school. The order was now given "To the garden!" Each put on a coarse straw bonnet, with strings of coloured calico, and a cloak of grey frieze. I was similarly equipped, and, following the stream, I made my way into the open air.
distributed - distribuido; distribuir, repartir
refreshment - refresco; refrescamiento, refrigerio
straw - paja, pajizo, pajiza
calico - calicó, gato calicó
cloak - capa, embozo, velo, capa, embozar
frieze - friso
equipped - equipado; equipar, equiparse, preparar, dotar
stream - corriente, flujo, arroyo, fluir, recibir flujo, (2) checkcorrer
open air - al aire libre
As yet I had spoken to no one, nor did anybody seem to take notice of me; I stood lonely enough: but to that feeling of isolation I was accustomed; it did not oppress me much. I leant against a pillar of the verandah, drew my grey mantle close about me, and, trying to forget the cold which nipped me without, and the unsatisfied hunger which gnawed me within, delivered myself up to the employment of watching and thinking. My reflections were too undefined and fragmentary to merit record: I hardly yet knew where I was; Gateshead and my past life seemed floated away to an immeasurable distance; the present was vague and strange, and of the future I could form no conjecture.
isolation - aislamiento
oppress - oprimir
leant - leant; inclinarse
verandah - veranda; porche
mantle - manto, camisa
unsatisfied - insatisfecho
gnawed - roído; roer
merit - mérito, merecimiento, meritar
past life - vida pasada
floated - flotó; flotar, carroza
immeasurable - inconmensurable; inmedible
I looked round the convent-like garden, and then up at the house-a large building, half of which seemed grey and old, the other half quite new. The new part, containing the schoolroom and dormitory, was lit by mullioned and latticed windows, which gave it a church-like aspect; a stone tablet over the door bore this inscription:-
convent - convento
dormitory - dormitorio, residencia estudiantil
latticed - enrejado; celosía, trama, cuadrícula, retículo, checkrejilla
inscription - inscripción, dedicatoria
"Lowood Institution.-This portion was rebuilt A.D. ---, by Naomi Brocklehurst, of Brocklehurst Hall, in this county." "Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven."-St. Matt. v. 16.
Institution - institución
rebuilt - reconstruido; reconstruir
county - condado
glorify - glorificar
I read these words over and over again: I felt that an explanation belonged to them, and was unable fully to penetrate their import. I was still pondering the signification of "Institution," and endeavouring to make out a connection between the first words and the verse of Scripture, when the sound of a cough close behind me made me turn my head.
pondering - reflexionando; considerar, meditar, cavilar, discurrir, ponderar
signification - significado
cough - toser, tos
I saw a girl sitting on a stone bench near; she was bent over a book, on the perusal of which she seemed intent: from where I stood I could see the title-it was "Rasselas;" a name that struck me as strange, and consequently attractive. In turning a leaf she happened to look up, and I said to her directly-
perusal - consulta; escrutinio, lectura atenta, lectura cuidadosa
intent - intención, intento, propósito, concentrado, entregado
"Is your book interesting?" I had already formed the intention of asking her to lend it to me some day.
"I like it," she answered, after a pause of a second or two, during which she examined me.
"What is it about?" I continued. I hardly know where I found the hardihood thus to open a conversation with a stranger; the step was contrary to my nature and habits: but I think her occupation touched a chord of sympathy somewhere; for I too liked reading, though of a frivolous and childish kind; I could not digest or comprehend the serious or substantial.
hardihood - Resistividad
chord - acorde, cuerda
sympathy - simpatía; compasión, empatía, compasión
frivolous - frívolo, banal, nimio, trivial
childish - para ninos, infantil, infantiloide, pueril
digest - digerir; (dig) digerir
comprehend - comprender
substantial - sustancial, is, enjundioso, substancial
"You may look at it," replied the girl, offering me the book.
I did so; a brief examination convinced me that the contents were less taking than the title: "Rasselas" looked dull to my trifling taste; I saw nothing about fairies, nothing about genii; no bright variety seemed spread over the closely-printed pages. I returned it to her; she received it quietly, and without saying anything she was about to relapse into her former studious mood: again I ventured to disturb her-
examination - examen, examinación
trifling - tan insignificante; trivial, de pitiminí
fairies - hadas; hada, marica, mujercita
genii - genii; genio, genia
relapse - una recaída; reincidir, recaer, recaída, recidiva, reincidencia
former - antiguo, anterior
"Can you tell me what the writing on that stone over the door means? What is Lowood Institution?"
"This house where you are come to live."
"And why do they call it Institution? Is it in any way different from other schools?"
"It is partly a charity-school: you and I, and all the rest of us, are charity-children. I suppose you are an orphan: are not either your father or your mother dead?"
"Both died before I can remember."
"Well, all the girls here have lost either one or both parents, and this is called an institution for educating orphans."
Orphans - huérfanos; huérfano, huérfana
"Do we pay no money? Do they keep us for nothing?"
"We pay, or our friends pay, fifteen pounds a year for each."
"Then why do they call us charity-children?"
"Because fifteen pounds is not enough for board and teaching, and the deficiency is supplied by subscription."
deficiency - deficiencia, déficit, deficiencia, checkinsuficiencia
subscription - abono, suscripción
subscribes - suscribe; suscribirse
"Different benevolent-minded ladies and gentlemen in this neighbourhood and in London."
benevolent - benevolente, benévolo
"Who was Naomi Brocklehurst?"
"The lady who built the new part of this house as that tablet records, and whose son overlooks and directs everything here."
overlooks - miradores; mirador, pasar por alto, otear
"Because he is treasurer and manager of the establishment."
treasurer - tesorero, tesorera
"Then this house does not belong to that tall lady who wears a watch, and who said we were to have some bread and cheese?"
"To Miss Temple? Oh, no! I wish it did: she has to answer to Mr. Brocklehurst for all she does. Mr. Brocklehurst buys all our food and all our clothes."
"Does he live here?"
"No-two miles off, at a large hall."
"Is he a good man?"
"He is a clergyman, and is said to do a great deal of good."
clergyman - clérigo
"Did you say that tall lady was called Miss Temple?"
"And what are the other teachers called?"
"The one with red cheeks is called Miss Smith; she attends to the work, and cuts out-for we make our own clothes, our frocks, and pelisses, and everything; the little one with black hair is Miss Scatcherd; she teaches history and grammar, and hears the second class repetitions; and the one who wears a shawl, and has a pocket-handkerchief tied to her side with a yellow ribband, is Madame Pierrot: she comes from Lisle, in France, and teaches French.
Smith - Herrera, Herrero
second class - segunda clase
handkerchief - panuelo; panuelo
ribband - Cinta
"Do you like the teachers?"
"Do you like the little black one, and the Madame ---?-I cannot pronounce her name as you do."
"Miss Scatcherd is hasty-you must take care not to offend her; Madame Pierrot is not a bad sort of person."
"But Miss Temple is the best-isn't she?"
"Miss Temple is very good and very clever; she is above the rest, because she knows far more than they do."
"Have you been long here?"
"Are you an orphan?"
"My mother is dead."
"Are you happy here?"
"You ask rather too many questions. I have given you answers enough for the present: now I want to read."
But at that moment the summons sounded for dinner; all re-entered the house. The odour which now filled the refectory was scarcely more appetising than that which had regaled our nostrils at breakfast: the dinner was served in two huge tin-plated vessels, whence rose a strong steam redolent of rancid fat.
summons - Citaciones; (summon) Citaciones
appetising - Apetito
regaled - regalado; regio, real
vessels - vasos; embarcación, barco, casco, recipiente, receptáculo
whence - de dónde; de donde, desde donde, de ahí
steam - Vapor; vaporear; de vapor; al vapor
redolent - aromático, redolente
rancid - rancio
I found the mess to consist of indifferent potatoes and strange shreds of rusty meat, mixed and cooked together. Of this preparation a tolerably abundant plateful was apportioned to each pupil. I ate what I could, and wondered within myself whether every day's fare would be like this.
rusty - Oxidado
abundant - abundante, copioso, cuantioso
apportioned - proporcionado; distribuir, repartir
fare - tarifa, precio del billete
After dinner, we immediately adjourned to the schoolroom: lessons recommenced, and were continued till five o'clock.
adjourned - se levanta la sesión; suspender, posponer, diferir, aplazar
recommenced - reanudado; recomenzar
The only marked event of the afternoon was, that I saw the girl with whom I had conversed in the verandah dismissed in disgrace by Miss Scatcherd from a history class, and sent to stand in the middle of the large schoolroom. The punishment seemed to me in a high degree ignominious, especially for so great a girl-she looked thirteen or upwards. I expected she would show signs of great distress and shame; but to my surprise she neither wept nor blushed: composed, though grave, she stood, the central mark of all eyes. "How can she bear it so quietly-so firmly?
conversed - conversado; conversar, charlar
disgrace - desgracia, baldón, deshonrar
ignominious - ignominioso
upwards - hacia arriba
wept - lloró; llorar
blushed - se sonrojó; sonrojo, rubor
she bear - osa
firmly - con firmeza; firmemente
I asked of myself. "Were I in her place, it seems to me I should wish the earth to open and swallow me up. She looks as if she were thinking of something beyond her punishment-beyond her situation: of something not round her nor before her. I have heard of day-dreams-is she in a day-dream now? Her eyes are fixed on the floor, but I am sure they do not see it-her sight seems turned in, gone down into her heart: she is looking at what she can remember, I believe; not at what is really present. I wonder what sort of a girl she is-whether good or naughty."
Soon after five p.m. we had another meal, consisting of a small mug of coffee, and half-a-slice of brown bread. I devoured my bread and drank my coffee with relish; but I should have been glad of as much more-I was still hungry. Half-an-hour's recreation succeeded, then study; then the glass of water and the piece of oat-cake, prayers, and bed. Such was my first day at Lowood.
brown bread - pan integral
relish - saborear
been glad - alegrarse
recreation - recreación
oat - avena
The next day commenced as before, getting up and dressing by rushlight; but this morning we were obliged to dispense with the ceremony of washing; the water in the pitchers was frozen. A change had taken place in the weather the preceding evening, and a keen north-east wind, whistling through the crevices of our bedroom windows all night long, had made us shiver in our beds, and turned the contents of the ewers to ice.
dispense with - prescindir de; deshacerse de
pitchers - Jarra
preceding - precedente; preceder, anteceder
whistling - Silbando; (whistle); silbato, pito, chifle, pitido
shiver - tiritando; temblar, tiritar, estremecerse
ewers - ewers; aguamanil, pichel, jofaina
Before the long hour and a half of prayers and Bible-reading was over, I felt ready to perish with cold. Breakfast-time came at last, and this morning the porridge was not burnt; the quality was eatable, the quantity small. How small my portion seemed! I wished it had been doubled.
perish - perecer
eatable - comestible
In the course of the day I was enrolled a member of the fourth class, and regular tasks and occupations were assigned me: hitherto, I had only been a spectator of the proceedings at Lowood; I was now to become an actor therein. At first, being little accustomed to learn by heart, the lessons appeared to me both long and difficult; the frequent change from task to task, too, bewildered me; and I was glad when, about three o'clock in the afternoon, Miss Smith put into my hands a border of muslin two yards long, together with needle, thimble, &c., and sent me to sit in a quiet corner of the schoolroom, with directions to hem the same. At that hour most of the others were sewing likewise; but one class still stood round Miss Scatcherd's chair reading, and as all was quiet, the subject of their lessons could be heard, together with the manner in which each girl acquitted herself, and the animadversions or commendations of Miss Scatcherd on the performance. It was English history: among the readers I observed my acquaintance of the verandah: at the commencement of the lesson, her place had been at the top of the class, but for some error of pronunciation, or some inattention to stops, she was suddenly sent to the very bottom.
enrolled - inscrito; enrolar, alistar
occupations - ocupaciones; ocupación
assigned - asignado; asignar, designar, ceder
spectator - espectador
Therein - En eso
hem - dobladillo
acquitted - absuelto; absolver, exculpar
animadversions - animadversiones; crítica, reprobación
commendations - logios; comendación, encomio, recomendación
acquaintance - conocido; amistad, conocimiento, junta, relación
commencement - inicio, incoación, comienzo
pronunciation - pronunciación
inattention - desatención; inatención, descortesía
Even in that obscure position, Miss Scatcherd continued to make her an object of constant notice: she was continually addressing to her such phrases as the following:-
constant - constante, perseverante, firme, constante
"Burns" (such it seems was her name: the girls here were all called by their surnames, as boys are elsewhere), "Burns, you are standing on the side of your shoe; turn your toes out immediately." "Burns, you poke your chin most unpleasantly; draw it in." "Burns, I insist on your holding your head up; I will not have you before me in that attitude," &c. &c.
surnames - apellidos; apellido
elsewhere - En otro sitio
poke - golpear; meter
unpleasantly - desagradablemente
insist - insistir
"You dirty, disagreeable girl! you have never cleaned your nails this morning!"
Burns made no answer: I wondered at her silence. "Why," thought I, "does she not explain that she could neither clean her nails nor wash her face, as the water was frozen?"
My attention was now called off by Miss Smith desiring me to hold a skein of thread: while she was winding it, she talked to me from time to time, asking whether I had ever been at school before, whether I could mark, stitch, knit, &c.; till she dismissed me, I could not pursue my observations on Miss Scatcherd's movements. When I returned to my seat, that lady was just delivering an order of which I did not catch the import; but Burns immediately left the class, and going into the small inner room where the books were kept, returned in half a minute, carrying in her hand a bundle of twigs tied together at one end.
called off - Cancelar, suspender
desiring - deseando; desear, deseo, gana
skein - una madeja; madeja, lina, enredo
thread - hilo, hebra, hilaza, tema, argumento, hilazón, subproceso
winding - Devanado; (wind) Devanado
stitch - puntada
knit - hacer punto, tricotar, tejer, soldarse, construir, elaborar
pursue - perseguir, apuntar a
observations - observaciones; observación, vigilancia; observancia, anotación
bundle - haz, atado, fajo, atar, liar
This ominous tool she presented to Miss Scatcherd with a respectful curtesy; then she quietly, and without being told, unloosed her pinafore, and the teacher instantly and sharply inflicted on her neck a dozen strokes with the bunch of twigs. Not a tear rose to Burns'eye; and, while I paused from my sewing, because my fingers quivered at this spectacle with a sentiment of unavailing and impotent anger, not a feature of her pensive face altered its ordinary expression.
ominous - ominoso, siniestro, agorero
respectful - respetuoso
curtesy - Cortesía
unloosed - Soltar
dozen - docena, decenas
strokes - golpes; golpe
bunch - manojo, punado, (flowers) ramo, bonchote, racimo, grupo
unavailing - infructuoso, fútil, inútil, ocioso
pensive - pensativo, meditabundo, amohinado, melancólico
altered - alterado; cambiar, modificar, alterar
"Hardened girl!" exclaimed Miss Scatcherd; "nothing can correct you of your slatternly habits: carry the rod away."
hardened - Se endurece
slatternly - perezoso
rod - barra, rodillo, cana, vara, bastón, verga, barra
Burns obeyed: I looked at her narrowly as she emerged from the book-closet; she was just putting back her handkerchief into her pocket, and the trace of a tear glistened on her thin cheek.
obeyed - obedecer
emerged - surgió; emerger, aparecer, surgir, aparecer, aflorar
putting back - volver
trace - rastrear; rastro, huella, vestigio, indicio
glistened - brillaba; relucir, rielar
Probably, if I had lately left a good home and kind parents, this would have been the hour when I should most keenly have regretted the separation; that wind would then have saddened my heart; this obscure chaos would have disturbed my peace! as it was, I derived from both a strange excitement, and reckless and feverish, I wished the wind to howl more wildly, the gloom to deepen to darkness, and the confusion to rise to clamour.
lately - últimamente
keenly - con entusiasmo
chaos - caos; (chao); caos
derived - derivado; derivar
reckless - imprudente, temerario, desconsiderado
feverish - fiebre; febril
howl - aullido, aullar, ganir
wildly - alocadamente, salvajemente
deepen - ahondar, checkprofundizar
confusion - confusión
jumping over forms, and creeping under tables, I made my way to one of the fire-places; there, kneeling by the high wire fender, I found Burns, absorbed, silent, abstracted from all round her by the companionship of a book, which she read by the dim glare of the embers.
jumping over - Saltar por encima de
creeping - reptando; reptar, hormigueo, fatiga
kneeling - De rodillas; (kneel); arrodillarse
high wire - cuerda floja
Fender - aleta, guardabarros, defensa, guardafuego
absorbed - absorbido; absorber
abstracted - abstraído; resumen, extracto, abstracción, arte abstracto
"Is it still 'Rasselas'?" I asked, coming behind her.
"Yes," she said, "and I have just finished it."
And in five minutes more she shut it up. I was glad of this. "Now," thought I, "I can perhaps get her to talk." I sat down by her on the floor.
"What is your name besides Burns?"
Helen - Helena, Elena
"Do you come a long way from here?"
"I come from a place farther north, quite on the borders of Scotland."
Scotland - Escocia
"Will you ever go back?"
"I hope so; but nobody can be sure of the future."
"You must wish to leave Lowood?"
"No! why should I? I was sent to Lowood to get an education; and it would be of no use going away until I have attained that object."
attained - lcanzado; lograr, conseguir
"But that teacher, Miss Scatcherd, is so cruel to you?"
"Cruel? Not at all! She is severe: she dislikes my faults."
"And if I were in your place I should dislike her; I should resist her. If she struck me with that rod, I should get it from her hand; I should break it under her nose."
resist - resistir
"Probably you would do nothing of the sort: but if you did, Mr. Brocklehurst would expel you from the school; that would be a great grief to your relations. It is far better to endure patiently a smart which nobody feels but yourself, than to commit a hasty action whose evil consequences will extend to all connected with you; and besides, the Bible bids us return good for evil."
expel - expulsar, expeler
patiently - pacientemente
extend - extender, ampliar
bids - ofertas; pujar, hacer una oferta
"But then it seems disgraceful to be flogged, and to be sent to stand in the middle of a room full of people; and you are such a great girl: I am far younger than you, and I could not bear it."
disgraceful - vergonzoso, deshonroso, escandaloso, ignominioso
flogged - flogged; azotar
"Yet it would be your duty to bear it, if you could not avoid it: it is weak and silly to say you cannot bear what it is your fate to be required to bear."
fate - destino, azar
I heard her with wonder: I could not comprehend this doctrine of endurance; and still less could I understand or sympathise with the forbearance she expressed for her chastiser. Still I felt that Helen Burns considered things by a light invisible to my eyes. I suspected she might be right and I wrong; but I would not ponder the matter deeply; like Felix, I put it off to a more convenient season.
doctrine - doctrina
forbearance - ndulgencia; templanza
chastiser - castigador
suspected - sospechas; barruntar, sospechar, sospechoso
ponder - pensar; considerar, meditar, cavilar, discurrir, ponderar
deeply - profundamente; a fondo
"You say you have faults, Helen: what are they? To me you seem very good."
"Then learn from me, not to judge by appearances: I am, as Miss Scatcherd said, slatternly; I seldom put, and never keep, things, in order; I am careless; I forget rules; I read when I should learn my lessons; I have no method; and sometimes I say, like you, I cannot bear to be subjected to systematic arrangements. This is all very provoking to Miss Scatcherd, who is naturally neat, punctual, and particular."
systematic - sistemática; sistemático
neat - bien; pulcro, ordenado
punctual - puntual
"And cross and cruel," I added; but Helen Burns would not admit my addition: she kept silence.
"Is Miss Temple as severe to you as Miss Scatcherd?"
At the utterance of Miss Temple's name, a soft smile flitted over her grave face.
flitted - evoloteó; revolotear
"Miss Temple is full of goodness; it pains her to be severe to any one, even the worst in the school: she sees my errors, and tells me of them gently; and, if I do anything worthy of praise, she gives me my meed liberally. One strong proof of my wretchedly defective nature is, that even her expostulations, so mild, so rational, have not influence to cure me of my faults; and even her praise, though I value it most highly, cannot stimulate me to continued care and foresight.
goodness - bondad
Praise - elogios; alabanza, loa, enaltecimiento, elogio, adoración
liberally - libremente
wretchedly - Desgraciadamente
defective - defectuoso, defectivo
expostulations - expostulación
rational - racional
cure - curar, remediar
stimulate - estimular
foresight - previsión, profecía, adivinación, clarividencia
"That is curious," said I, "it is so easy to be careful."
Curious - tienes curiosidad; curioso; extrano, raro
"For you I have no doubt it is. I observed you in your class this morning, and saw you were closely attentive: your thoughts never seemed to wander while Miss Miller explained the lesson and questioned you. Now, mine continually rove away; when I should be listening to Miss Scatcherd, and collecting all she says with assiduity, often I lose the very sound of her voice; I fall into a sort of dream.
attentive - atento, solícito
wander - vagar, divagar, errar, deambular, enganar
rove - vagar, errar; (reeve) vagar, errar
assiduity - asiduidad
Sometimes I think I am in Northumberland, and that the noises I hear round me are the bubbling of a little brook which runs through Deepden, near our house;-then, when it comes to my turn to reply, I have to be awakened; and having heard nothing of what was read for listening to the visionary brook, I have no answer ready."
brook - rok; arroyo
awakened - despertado; despertar, despertarse
"Yet how well you replied this afternoon."
"It was mere chance; the subject on which we had been reading had interested me. This afternoon, instead of dreaming of Deepden, I was wondering how a man who wished to do right could act so unjustly and unwisely as Charles the First sometimes did; and I thought what a pity it was that, with his integrity and conscientiousness, he could see no farther than the prerogatives of the crown.
unjustly - injustamente
Charles - Carlos
integrity - integridad
conscientiousness - conciencia
prerogatives - rerrogativas; prerrogativa
If he had but been able to look to a distance, and see how what they call the spirit of the age was tending! Still, I like Charles-I respect him-I pity him, poor murdered king! Yes, his enemies were the worst: they shed blood they had no right to shed. How dared they kill him!"
shed blood - derramar sangre
Helen was talking to herself now: she had forgotten I could not very well understand her-that I was ignorant, or nearly so, of the subject she discussed. I recalled her to my level.
ignorant - ignorante, ignaro, inculto
recalled - recordado; recordar, evocar, retirada
"And when Miss Temple teaches you, do your thoughts wander then?"
"No, certainly, not often; because Miss Temple has generally something to say which is newer than my own reflections; her language is singularly agreeable to me, and the information she communicates is often just what I wished to gain."
singularly - Singularmente
gain - ganar, adquirir, obtener, conseguir
"Well, then, with Miss Temple you are good?"
"Yes, in a passive way: I make no effort; I follow as inclination guides me. There is no merit in such goodness."
passive - pasivo
"A great deal: you are good to those who are good to you. It is all I ever desire to be. If people were always kind and obedient to those who are cruel and unjust, the wicked people would have it all their own way: they would never feel afraid, and so they would never alter, but would grow worse and worse. When we are struck at without a reason, we should strike back again very hard; I am sure we should-so hard as to teach the person who struck us never to do it again.
obedient - obediente
alter - cambiar, modificar, alterar
strike back - contraatacar
"You will change your mind, I hope, when you grow older: as yet you are but a little untaught girl."
untaught - desensenar
"But I feel this, Helen; I must dislike those who, whatever I do to please them, persist in disliking me; I must resist those who punish me unjustly. It is as natural as that I should love those who show me affection, or submit to punishment when I feel it is deserved."
persist - persistir
resist - resistir, panish: t-needed
punish me - Castigar a alguien
submit - enviar; entregar; presentar; someterse; dar argumento
deserved - merecido; merecer, meritar
"Heathens and savage tribes hold that doctrine, but Christians and civilised nations disown it."
Heathens - heathens; pagano, bárbaro, pagano, pagana
tribes - tribus; tribu
Christians - cristianos; cristiano, cristiana, Cristián
civilised - civilizado; civilizar, desasnar
disown - desheredar; renegar
"How? I don't understand."
I don't understand - No lo entiendo
"It is not violence that best overcomes hate-nor vengeance that most certainly heals injury."
overcomes - vencer, superar
heals - curar
"Read the New Testament, and observe what Christ says, and how He acts; make His word your rule, and His conduct your example."
Testament - testamento
observe - observar, seguir, tomar en cuenta
"What does He say?"
"Love your enemies; bless them that curse you; do good to them that hate you and despitefully use you."
bless - bendecir
curse - maldición; maldecir
despitefully - a pesar de todo
"Then I should love Mrs. Reed, which I cannot do; I should bless her son John, which is impossible."
In her turn, Helen Burns asked me to explain, and I proceeded forthwith to pour out, in my own way, the tale of my sufferings and resentments. Bitter and truculent when excited, I spoke as I felt, without reserve or softening.
forthwith - inmediatamente
pour out - desbordar, inundar, hablar sin parar sobre algo
sufferings - ufrimientos; sufrido, sufriente, sufrimiento
resentments - resentimientos; resentimiento, animadversión, animosidad, rencor
truculent - truculento
reserve - reserva, reservar
softening - ablandamiento; (soften); ablandar, suavizar
Helen heard me patiently to the end: I expected she would then make a remark, but she said nothing.
"Well," I asked impatiently, "is not Mrs. Reed a hard-hearted, bad woman?"
impatiently - impacientemente
"She has been unkind to you, no doubt; because you see, she dislikes your cast of character, as Miss Scatcherd does mine; but how minutely you remember all she has done and said to you! What a singularly deep impression her injustice seems to have made on your heart! No ill-usage so brands its record on my feelings. Would you not be happier if you tried to forget her severity, together with the passionate emotions it excited? Life appears to me too short to be spent in nursing animosity or registering wrongs. We are, and must be, one and all, burdened with faults in this world: but the time will soon come when, I trust, we shall put them off in putting off our corruptible bodies; when debasement and sin will fall from us with this cumbrous frame of flesh, and only the spark of the spirit will remain,-the impalpable principle of light and thought, pure as when it left the Creator to inspire the creature: whence it came it will return; perhaps again to be communicated to some being higher than man-perhaps to pass through gradations of glory, from the pale human soul to brighten to the seraph!
unkind - desagradable; cruel, duro
minutely - minuciosamente
injustice - injusticia
usage - uso, usanza
severity - severidad, seriedad, gravedad
sin - pecado
animosity - animidad; animosidad, animadversión
registering - registrándose; registro, registro, registrar, registrarse
burdened - cargado; carga
putting off - desanimar, aplazar, apagar
debasement - degradación; envilecimiento
cumbrous - Cumbroso
impalpable - impalpable
pure - pura; puro
creator - creador, panish: t-needed
inspire - inspirar, infundir
creature - criatura
glory - gloria
human soul - alma humana
seraph - serafín
Surely it will never, on the contrary, be suffered to degenerate from man to fiend? No; I cannot believe that: I hold another creed: which no one ever taught me, and which I seldom mention; but in which I delight, and to which I cling: for it extends hope to all: it makes Eternity a rest-a mighty home, not a terror and an abyss. Besides, with this creed, I can so clearly distinguish between the criminal and his crime; I can so sincerely forgive the first while I abhor the last: with this creed revenge never worries my heart, degradation never too deeply disgusts me, injustice never crushes me too low: I live in calm, looking to the end."
degenerate - degenerado, depravado, degenerar, degenerarse
cling - aferrarse; engancharse, adherirse
extends - se extiende; extender, ampliar
eternity - la eternidad; eternidad
abyss - abismo, sima
distinguish - distinguir
revenge - venganza
disgusts - disgustos; repugnar, dar asco, asquear, asco, repugnancia
crushes - aplastamiento, enamoramiento, aplastar, destripar, machacar
Helen's head, always drooping, sank a little lower as she finished this sentence. I saw by her look she wished no longer to talk to me, but rather to converse with her own thoughts. She was not allowed much time for meditation: a monitor, a great rough girl, presently came up, exclaiming in a strong Cumberland accent-
converse - conversar, charlar
meditation - meditación
exclaiming - exclamando; exclamar
accent - acento, pronunciación
"Helen Burns, if you don't go and put your drawer in order, and fold up your work this minute, I'll tell Miss Scatcherd to come and look at it!"
fold up - Doblar, plegar; quebrarse
this minute - en este momento
Helen sighed as her reverie fled, and getting up, obeyed the monitor without reply as without delay.
reverie - ensonación; ensueno
fled - huyó; huir, desvanecerse, checkfugarse
delay - retraso; aplazar, retrasar
My first quarter at Lowood seemed an age; and not the golden age either; it comprised an irksome struggle with difficulties in habituating myself to new rules and unwonted tasks. The fear of failure in these points harassed me worse than the physical hardships of my lot; though these were no trifles.
comprised - comprendido; comprender
Struggle - lucha, forcejeo, brega, luchar, esforzarse con denuedo
habituating - habituarse
failure - fallo, fracaso, fiasco, fracasado, avería
hardships - dificultades; sufrimientos, apuro, penalidades
trifles - baratijas; sopa inglesa, pizca, nadería, nimiedad, zarandaja
During January, February, and part of March, the deep snows, and, after their melting, the almost impassable roads, prevented our stirring beyond the garden walls, except to go to church; but within these limits we had to pass an hour every day in the open air. Our clothing was insufficient to protect us from the severe cold: we had no boots, the snow got into our shoes and melted there: our ungloved hands became numbed and covered with chilblains, as were our feet: I remember well the distracting irritation I endured from this cause every evening, when my feet inflamed; and the torture of thrusting the swelled, raw, and stiff toes into my shoes in the morning.
impassable - intransitable; infranqueable
insufficient - insuficiente
melted - material fundido, derretirse, fundirse
chilblains - sabanones; sabanón, friera
distracting - distraer, despistar
every evening - todas las noches
torture - tortura, suplicio, torturar
thrusting - Empujando; (thrust); estocada, empuje, envión, impulso, énfasis
swelled - hinchado; hinchar(se), inflar(se)
Then the scanty supply of food was distressing: with the keen appetites of growing children, we had scarcely sufficient to keep alive a delicate invalid. From this deficiency of nourishment resulted an abuse, which pressed hardly on the younger pupils: whenever the famished great girls had an opportunity, they would coax or menace the little ones out of their portion. Many a time I have shared between two claimants the precious morsel of brown bread distributed at tea-time; and after relinquishing to a third half the contents of my mug of coffee, I have swallowed the remainder with an accompaniment of secret tears, forced from me by the exigency of hunger.
distressing - angustiante; aflicción, angustia, desasosiego, ansiedad
appetites - apetito, deseo, ganas
sufficient - suficiente
keep alive - Mantener vivo
invalid - nulo, inválido, no válido
famished - Hambriento
coax - coaxial; engatusar
menace - una amenaza; amenaza, peligro
claimants - reclamantes; actor
relinquishing - abandonar, renunciar, soltar, desistir
swallowed - tragado; tragar, engullir
accompaniment - acompanamiento; acompanamiento
Sundays were dreary days in that wintry season. We had to walk two miles to Brocklebridge Church, where our patron officiated. We set out cold, we arrived at church colder: during the morning service we became almost paralysed. It was too far to return to dinner, and an allowance of cold meat and bread, in the same penurious proportion observed in our ordinary meals, was served round between the services.
wintry - invernal
patron - patrón, mecenas, patrocinador, auspiciador, cliente, parroquiano
officiated - ofició; oficiar
morning service - Servicio matutino
paralysed - paralizado; paralizar(se)
allowance - permiso; paga
cold meat - Carne fría
penurious - Penoso
proportion - proporción
At the close of the afternoon service we returned by an exposed and hilly road, where the bitter winter wind, blowing over a range of snowy summits to the north, almost flayed the skin from our faces.
exposed - Exposiciones
hilly - con colinas; montuoso
summits - umbres; cumbre, cima, cúspide; punto álgido
flayed - Desollar
I can remember Miss Temple walking lightly and rapidly along our drooping line, her plaid cloak, which the frosty wind fluttered, gathered close about her, and encouraging us, by precept and example, to keep up our spirits, and march forward, as she said, "like stalwart soldiers." The other teachers, poor things, were generally themselves too much dejected to attempt the task of cheering others.
lightly - a la ligera; ligeramente
plaid - A cuadros
fluttered - leteó; ondear, aletear
precept - precepto
stalwart - ncondicional; robusto, corajudo, valiente
dejected - desanimado
cheering - animando; viva, hurra
How we longed for the light and heat of a blazing fire when we got back! But, to the little ones at least, this was denied: each hearth in the schoolroom was immediately surrounded by a double row of great girls, and behind them the younger children crouched in groups, wrapping their starved arms in their pinafores.
blazing - ardiendo; llamarada, incendio; resplandor
Row - hilera, fila
crouched - agacharse, ponerse/estar en cuclillas
starved - muerto de hambre; morir de hambre, hambrear
A little solace came at tea-time, in the shape of a double ration of bread-a whole, instead of a half, slice-with the delicious addition of a thin scrape of butter: it was the hebdomadal treat to which we all looked forward from Sabbath to Sabbath. I generally contrived to reserve a moiety of this bounteous repast for myself; but the remainder I was invariably obliged to part with.
solace - consuelo, solaz, solazar, consolar
ration - ración, racionar
scrape - raspar, aranarse, rasparse, abrasión, rasponazo, pelea, pinada
Sabbath - sábado, sabbat, domingo, aquelarre
moiety - porción, fracción, panish: t-needed
invariably - invariablemente
The Sunday evening was spent in repeating, by heart, the Church Catechism, and the fifth, sixth, and seventh chapters of St.
catechism - catecismo
Matthew; and in listening to a long sermon, read by Miss Miller, whose irrepressible yawns attested her weariness. A frequent interlude of these performances was the enactment of the part of Eutychus by some half-dozen of little girls, who, overpowered with sleep, would fall down, if not out of the third loft, yet off the fourth form, and be taken up half dead. The remedy was, to thrust them forward into the centre of the schoolroom, and oblige them to stand there till the sermon was finished. Sometimes their feet failed them, and they sank together in a heap; they were then propped up with the monitors'high stools.
Matthew - Mateo, Matías
sermon - sermón
irrepressible - irreprimible, irrefrenable
yawns - bostezos; bostezar, abrirse, bostezo
attested - atestiguado; avalar, atestiguar, compulsar
interlude - interludio
loft - altillo; desván, buhardilla, elevar
remedy - remedio, recurso, remediar
oblige - obligar
heap - pila, montón, cúmulo, montículo, checkpila, amontonar
propped - apoyado; puntal
stools - heces; taburete
I have not yet alluded to the visits of Mr. Brocklehurst; and indeed that gentleman was from home during the greater part of the first month after my arrival; perhaps prolonging his stay with his friend the archdeacon: his absence was a relief to me. I need not say that I had my own reasons for dreading his coming: but come he did at last.
prolonging - prolongando; prolongar
absence - ausencia, falta, ausencia de hierro
dreading - temiendo; temer, pavor, temor
One afternoon (I had then been three weeks at Lowood), as I was sitting with a slate in my hand, puzzling over a sum in long division, my eyes, raised in abstraction to the window, caught sight of a figure just passing: I recognised almost instinctively that gaunt outline; and when, two minutes after, all the school, teachers included, rose en masse, it was not necessary for me to look up in order to ascertain whose entrance they thus greeted. A long stride measured the schoolroom, and presently beside Miss Temple, who herself had risen, stood the same black column which had frowned on me so ominously from the hearthrug of Gateshead.
slate - pizarra
sum - suma
Division - división, parte
abstraction - abstracción
outline - contorno, esbozo, resumen, delinear, resumir
ascertain - averiguar, determinar, establecer, definir
stride - andar a zancadas
frowned - frunció el ceno; fruncir el ceno
ominously - Ominosamente
I now glanced sideways at this piece of architecture. Yes, I was right: it was Mr. Brocklehurst, buttoned up in a surtout, and looking longer, narrower, and more rigid than ever.
sideways - de lado
buttoned up - abotonado
rigid - rígido
I had my own reasons for being dismayed at this apparition; too well I remembered the perfidious hints given by Mrs. Reed about my disposition, &c.; the promise pledged by Mr. Brocklehurst to apprise Miss Temple and the teachers of my vicious nature.
apparition - aparición
perfidious - pérfido
pledged - prometido; prometer, comprometerse, hipotecar, empenar
apprise - Aprender
vicious - panish: t-needed
All along I had been dreading the fulfilment of this promise,-I had been looking out daily for the "Coming Man," whose information respecting my past life and conversation was to brand me as a bad child for ever: now there he was.
fulfilment - realización; satisfacción
He stood at Miss Temple's side; he was speaking low in her ear: I did not doubt he was making disclosures of my villainy; and I watched her eye with painful anxiety, expecting every moment to see its dark orb turn on me a glance of repugnance and contempt. I listened too; and as I happened to be seated quite at the top of the room, I caught most of what he said: its import relieved me from immediate apprehension.
disclosures - divulgaciones; revelación, destape, panish: t-needed
villainy - Villanía
anxiety - zozobra, ansiedad, inquietud
orb - Orbita
apprehension - aprehensión; arresto, aprensión
"I suppose, Miss Temple, the thread I bought at Lowton will do; it struck me that it would be just of the quality for the calico chemises, and I sorted the needles to match. You may tell Miss Smith that I forgot to make a memorandum of the darning needles, but she shall have some papers sent in next week; and she is not, on any account, to give out more than one at a time to each pupil: if they have more, they are apt to be careless and lose them.
memorandum - memorándum
darning needles - agujas de zurcir
apt - apto; susceptible de, propenso a
And, O ma'am! I wish the woollen stockings were better looked to!-when I was here last, I went into the kitchen-garden and examined the clothes drying on the line; there was a quantity of black hose in a very bad state of repair: from the size of the holes in them I was sure they had not been well mended from time to time."
kitchen-garden - (kitchen-garden) huerto
hose - manguera, lavar con manguera
mended - reparado; remiendo, remendar, reparar
"Your directions shall be attended to, sir," said Miss Temple.
"And, ma'am," he continued, "the laundress tells me some of the girls have two clean tuckers in the week: it is too much; the rules limit them to one."
laundress - Lavandera
"I think I can explain that circumstance, sir. Agnes and Catherine Johnstone were invited to take tea with some friends at Lowton last Thursday, and I gave them leave to put on clean tuckers for the occasion."
Catherine - Catalina
Mr. Brocklehurst nodded.
"Well, for once it may pass; but please not to let the circumstance occur too often. And there is another thing which surprised me; I find, in settling accounts with the housekeeper, that a lunch, consisting of bread and cheese, has twice been served out to the girls during the past fortnight.
settling - asentarse; sedimento, decantación
fortnight - quince días; quincena
How is this? I looked over the regulations, and I find no such meal as lunch mentioned. Who introduced this innovation? and by what authority?"
regulations - reglamentos; reglamento, regulación
innovation - innovación
"I must be responsible for the circumstance, sir," replied Miss Temple: "the breakfast was so ill prepared that the pupils could not possibly eat it; and I dared not allow them to remain fasting till dinner-time."
"Madam, allow me an instant. You are aware that my plan in bringing up these girls is, not to accustom them to habits of luxury and indulgence, but to render them hardy, patient, self-denying. Should any little accidental disappointment of the appetite occur, such as the spoiling of a meal, the under or the over dressing of a dish, the incident ought not to be neutralised by replacing with something more delicate the comfort lost, thus pampering the body and obviating the aim of this institution; it ought to be improved to the spiritual edification of the pupils, by encouraging them to evince fortitude under temporary privation. A brief address on those occasions would not be mistimed, wherein a judicious instructor would take the opportunity of referring to the sufferings of the primitive Christians; to the torments of martyrs; to the exhortations of our blessed Lord Himself, calling upon His disciples to take up their cross and follow Him; to His warnings that man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God; to His divine consolations, "If ye suffer hunger or thirst for My sake, happy are ye.
instant - instantáneo, inmediato
accustom - acostumbrarse, habituar
indulgence - complacencia; indulgencia
render - renderizar; dejar, volver
denying - negar
accidental - accidental, casual, imprevisto, fortuito
disappointment - decepción, desilusión, chasco
spoiling - arruinando; expoliar, despojar, danar, arruinar, echar a perder
neutralised - neutralizar
more delicate - más delicado
pampering - mimos; mimar, consentir, malacostumbrar
obviating - obviando; obviar
spiritual - espiritual, espiritual
edification - dificación; panish: t-needed
evince - manifestar, revelar, evidenciar
fortitude - fortaleza
temporary - temporal, provisional
mistimed - Mal momento
wherein - En qué
primitive - primitivo
torments - ormentos; tormento, atormentar
martyrs - mártires; mártir, martirizar
exhortations - exhortaciones; exhortación
blessed - bendecido; bendito; (bless) bendecido; bendito
Lord - senor; castellano, senor
disciples - discípulos; discípulo
proceedeth - Procede
consolations - consuelos; consolación, consuelo, premio de consolación
ye - sí; vos
thirst - sed, hambre, ambición, ansias, tener sed, desear
sake - por, por motivo de; por el bien de
Oh, madam, when you put bread and cheese, instead of burnt porridge, into these children's mouths, you may indeed feed their vile bodies, but you little think how you starve their immortal souls!"
vile - vil
starve - morirse de hambre; morir de hambre, hambrear
immortal - inmortal, inmortal
souls - almas; alma, espíritu
Mr. Brocklehurst again paused-perhaps overcome by his feelings. Miss Temple had looked down when he first began to speak to her; but she now gazed straight before her, and her face, naturally pale as marble, appeared to be assuming also the coldness and fixity of that material; especially her mouth, closed as if it would have required a sculptor's chisel to open it, and her brow settled gradually into petrified severity.
overcome - vencer, superar
assuming - Suponiendo; (assume); suponer, dar por sentado, asumir
coldness - frío, frialdad, displicencia
fixity - fijación
sculptor - escultor, escultora
chisel - cincel
gradually - gradualmente, poco a poco, paulatinamente
Meantime, Mr. Brocklehurst, standing on the hearth with his hands behind his back, majestically surveyed the whole school. Suddenly his eye gave a blink, as if it had met something that either dazzled or shocked its pupil; turning, he said in more rapid accents than he had hitherto used-
majestically - majestuosamente
blink - parpadear, guinar, destellar, titilar, parpadeo
dazzled - deslumbrado; deslumbrar, obnubilar, encandilar, empaparotar
shocked - sorprendido; conmoción, golpe
accents - acentos; acento, pronunciación
"Miss Temple, Miss Temple, what-what is that girl with curled hair? Red hair, ma'am, curled-curled all over?" And extending his cane he pointed to the awful object, his hand shaking as he did so.
curled - rizado; rizo, bucle, flexión
extending - extendiéndose; extender, ampliar
cane - canón; cana, bastón, bastón blanco
"It is Julia Severn," replied Miss Temple, very quietly.
"Julia Severn, ma'am! And why has she, or any other, curled hair? Why, in defiance of every precept and principle of this house, does she conform to the world so openly-here in an evangelical, charitable establishment-as to wear her hair one mass of curls?"
defiance - desafío
openly - abiertamente, sin tapujos, con luz y taquígrafos
charitable - caritativo, benéfico
mass - montón, masa
"Julia's hair curls naturally," returned Miss Temple, still more quietly.
"Naturally! Yes, but we are not to conform to nature; I wish these girls to be the children of Grace: and why that abundance? I have again and again intimated that I desire the hair to be arranged closely, modestly, plainly. Miss Temple, that girl's hair must be cut off entirely; I will send a barber to-morrow: and I see others who have far too much of the excrescence-that tall girl, tell her to turn round.
abundance - abundancia
modestly - con modestia; modestamente
barber - barbero, peluquero
turn round - dar la vuelta
Tell all the first form to rise up and direct their faces to the wall."
Miss Temple passed her handkerchief over her lips, as if to smooth away the involuntary smile that curled them; she gave the order, however, and when the first class could take in what was required of them, they obeyed. Leaning a little back on my bench, I could see the looks and grimaces with which they commented on this manoeuvre: it was a pity Mr.
involuntary - involuntario
grimaces - hace muecas; mueca, hacer gestos, hacer muecas
manoeuvre - maniobra
Brocklehurst could not see them too; he would perhaps have felt that, whatever he might do with the outside of the cup and platter, the inside was further beyond his interference than he imagined.
platter - plato; fuente
interference - interferencias; injerencia, interferencia, intromisión
He scrutinised the reverse of these living medals some five minutes, then pronounced sentence. These words fell like the knell of doom-
reverse - invertir; dar marcha atrás
medals - medallas; medalla
doom - condenar, danar
"All those top-knots must be cut off."
Miss Temple seemed to remonstrate.
remonstrate - replicar; quejarse
Mr. Brocklehurst was here interrupted: three other visitors, ladies, now entered the room. They ought to have come a little sooner to have heard his lecture on dress, for they were splendidly attired in velvet, silk, and furs.
interrupted - interrumpido; interrumpir, interrupción
splendidly - espléndidamente
attired in - vestido, arropado
The two younger of the trio (fine girls of sixteen and seventeen) had grey beaver hats, then in fashion, shaded with ostrich plumes, and from under the brim of this graceful head-dress fell a profusion of light tresses, elaborately curled; the elder lady was enveloped in a costly velvet shawl, trimmed with ermine, and she wore a false front of French curls.
trio - trío
beaver - castor
shaded - sombreado; alosa, sábalo
ostrich - avestruz
plumes - plumas; pluma
brim - borde
graceful - gracia; grácil, gracioso
profusion - profusión
tresses - mechones; trenzada, trenza
enveloped - envuelto; sobre
costly - costoso, caro
trimmed - recortado; recortar, orlar, ribetear
ermine - armino; armino
These ladies were deferentially received by Miss Temple, as Mrs. and the Misses Brocklehurst, and conducted to seats of honour at the top of the room.
deferentially - con deferencia
conducted - conducido; conducción, conducta, guiar, dirigir, manejar
It seems they had come in the carriage with their reverend relative, and had been conducting a rummaging scrutiny of the room upstairs, while he transacted business with the housekeeper, questioned the laundress, and lectured the superintendent. They now proceeded to address divers remarks and reproofs to Miss Smith, who was charged with the care of the linen and the inspection of the dormitories: but I had no time to listen to what they said; other matters called off and enchanted my attention.
Reverend - reverendo
conducting - conduciendo; conducción, conducta, guiar, dirigir, manejar
rummaging - rebuscando; revolver
transacted - transacciones; negociar; tramitar
remarks - observaciones; observación, comentario
reproofs - reproches; reprobación, reprensión
linen - lino, linge, ropa blanca, linocros
inspection - inspección
dormitories - ormitorios; dormitorio, residencia estudiantil
enchanted - encantado; encantar
Hitherto, while gathering up the discourse of Mr. Brocklehurst and Miss Temple, I had not, at the same time, neglected precautions to secure my personal safety; which I thought would be effected, if I could only elude observation.
neglected - desatendida; descuidar, negligir, desoír, hacer caso omiso
precautions - precauciones; precaución
elude - eludir
To this end, I had sat well back on the form, and while seeming to be busy with my sum, had held my slate in such a manner as to conceal my face: I might have escaped notice, had not my treacherous slate somehow happened to slip from my hand, and falling with an obtrusive crash, directly drawn every eye upon me; I knew it was all over now, and, as I stooped to pick up the two fragments of slate, I rallied my forces for the worst. It came.
be busy - estar ocupado
conceal - esconder, ocultar
treacherous - traicionero
slip - resbalón; resbalar
obtrusive - obstrusivo; protuberante, sobresaliente
crash - chocar; estruendo, estrépito
"A careless girl!" said Mr. Brocklehurst, and immediately after-"It is the new pupil, I perceive." And before I could draw breath, "I must not forget I have a word to say respecting her." Then aloud: how loud it seemed to me! "Let the child who broke her slate come forward!"
perceive - percibir, entender
Of my own accord I could not have stirred; I was paralysed: but the two great girls who sit on each side of me, set me on my legs and pushed me towards the dread judge, and then Miss Temple gently assisted me to his very feet, and I caught her whispered counsel-
accord - acuerdo, convenio, acordar, conceder, conferir
"Don't be afraid, Jane, I saw it was an accident; you shall not be punished."
The kind whisper went to my heart like a dagger.
whisper - susurro, rumor, rastro, susurrar
dagger - daga, punal
"Another minute, and she will despise me for a hypocrite," thought I; and an impulse of fury against Reed, Brocklehurst, and Co. bounded in my pulses at the conviction. I was no Helen Burns.
despise - despreciar; desdenar
hypocrite - hipócrita
bounded - atado
pulses - Pulso
"Fetch that stool," said Mr. Brocklehurst, pointing to a very high one from which a monitor had just risen: it was brought.
"Place the child upon it."
And I was placed there, by whom I don't know: I was in no condition to note particulars; I was only aware that they had hoisted me up to the height of Mr. Brocklehurst's nose, that he was within a yard of me, and that a spread of shot orange and purple silk pelisses and a cloud of silvery plumage extended and waved below me.
silvery - plateado, argénteo, argentino
extended - extendido; extender, ampliar
Mr. Brocklehurst hemmed.
hemmed - con dobladillo; dobladillo
"Ladies," said he, turning to his family, "Miss Temple, teachers, and children, you all see this girl?"
Of course they did; for I felt their eyes directed like burning-glasses against my scorched skin.
scorched - quemado; chamuscar
"You see she is yet young; you observe she possesses the ordinary form of childhood; God has graciously given her the shape that He has given to all of us; no signal deformity points her out as a marked character. Who would think that the Evil One had already found a servant and agent in her? Yet such, I grieve to say, is the case."
possesses - poseer
graciously - con amabilidad
deformity - deformidad
grieve - duelo; afligirse, acongojarse
A pause-in which I began to steady the palsy of my nerves, and to feel that the Rubicon was passed; and that the trial, no longer to be shirked, must be firmly sustained.
steady - estable; firme, liso, fijo
palsy - parálisis
Rubicon - Rubicón
trial - proceso, juicio
shirked - ludido; esquivar
sustained - sostenido; sostener, sustentar
"My dear children," pursued the black marble clergyman, with pathos, "this is a sad, a melancholy occasion; for it becomes my duty to warn you, that this girl, who might be one of God's own lambs, is a little castaway: not a member of the true flock, but evidently an interloper and an alien. You must be on your guard against her; you must shun her example; if necessary, avoid her company, exclude her from your sports, and shut her out from your converse. Teachers, you must watch her: keep your eyes on her movements, weigh well her words, scrutinise her actions, punish her body to save her soul: if, indeed, such salvation be possible, for (my tongue falters while I tell it) this girl, this child, the native of a Christian land, worse than many a little heathen who says its prayers to Brahma and kneels before Juggernaut-this girl is-a liar!
lambs - corderos; cordero, carne de cordero, borrego, borrega
castaway - náufrago, apestado, apestada, marginado, marginada
flock - rebano, bandada
shun - rechazar; evitar
Salvation - salvación
falters - se tambalea; dudar
heathen - pagano, bárbaro, pagano, pagana
kneels - se arrodilla; arrodillarse
Juggernaut - monstruo, gigante
Now came a pause of ten minutes, during which I, by this time in perfect possession of my wits, observed all the female Brocklehursts produce their pocket-handkerchiefs and apply them to their optics, while the elderly lady swayed herself to and fro, and the two younger ones whispered, "How shocking!" Mr. Brocklehurst resumed.
handkerchiefs - panuelos; panuelo
optics - óptica; óptico
swayed - nfluido; balanceo, influencia, influjo, preponderancia
"This I learned from her benefactress; from the pious and charitable lady who adopted her in her orphan state, reared her as her own daughter, and whose kindness, whose generosity the unhappy girl repaid by an ingratitude so bad, so dreadful, that at last her excellent patroness was obliged to separate her from her own young ones, fearful lest her vicious example should contaminate their purity: she has sent her here to be healed, even as the Jews of old sent their diseased to the troubled pool of Bethesda; and, teachers, superintendent, I beg of you not to allow the waters to stagnate round her.
pious - piadoso
generosity - generosidad
repaid - pagado; devolver, pagar
ingratitude - ingratitud
purity - pureza
healed - curado; curar
stagnate - se estanca; estancar
With this sublime conclusion, Mr. Brocklehurst adjusted the top button of his surtout, muttered something to his family, who rose, bowed to Miss Temple, and then all the great people sailed in state from the room. Turning at the door, my judge said-
adjusted - ajustado; ajustar, arreglar, regular, adaptar
muttered - murmuró; hablar entre dientes, murmurar
bowed - inclinado; inclinar(se), hacer una reverencia
"Let her stand half-an-hour longer on that stool, and let no one speak to her during the remainder of the day."
There was I, then, mounted aloft; I, who had said I could not bear the shame of standing on my natural feet in the middle of the room, was now exposed to general view on a pedestal of infamy. What my sensations were no language can describe; but just as they all rose, stifling my breath and constricting my throat, a girl came up and passed me: in passing, she lifted her eyes. What a strange light inspired them! What an extraordinary sensation that ray sent through me! How the new feeling bore me up! It was as if a martyr, a hero, had passed a slave or victim, and imparted strength in the transit. I mastered the rising hysteria, lifted up my head, and took a firm stand on the stool. Helen Burns asked some slight question about her work of Miss Smith, was chidden for the triviality of the inquiry, returned to her place, and smiled at me as she again went by.
exposed - expuesto; exponer, revelar, descubrir, exhibir
general view - vista general
pedestal - pedestal, peana
infamy - infamia
stifling - asfixiante; sofocante; (stifle) asfixiante; sofocante
extraordinary - extraordinario, descomunal
martyr - mártir, martirizar
imparted - mpartido; impartir
Transit - tránsito, transporte, pasaje, atravesar, girar, transitar
mastered - ominado; senor, dueno; senora, duena
hysteria - histeria
Slight - insignificante, leve, ligero, falta de respeto
inquiry - investigación; inquisición, indagatoria, pesquisa
What a smile! I remember it now, and I know that it was the effluence of fine intellect, of true courage; it lit up her marked lineaments, her thin face, her sunken grey eye, like a reflection from the aspect of an angel. Yet at that moment Helen Burns wore on her arm "the untidy badge;" scarcely an hour ago I had heard her condemned by Miss Scatcherd to a dinner of bread and water on the morrow because she had blotted an exercise in copying it out. Such is the imperfect nature of man! such spots are there on the disc of the clearest planet; and eyes like Miss Scatcherd's can only see those minute defects, and are blind to the full brightness of the orb.
untidy - desordenado; descuidado, desorganizado
badge - placa; insignia, pin, medalla, piocha, identificación
blotted - borrado; mancha, desdoro, emborronar, manchar
imperfect - imperfecto, imperfecto
disc - disco
defects - defectos; falla, tacha, defecto, desperfecto, desertar
brightness - brillo
Ere the half-hour ended, five o'clock struck; school was dismissed, and all were gone into the refectory to tea. I now ventured to descend: it was deep dusk; I retired into a corner and sat down on the floor. The spell by which I had been so far supported began to dissolve; reaction took place, and soon, so overwhelming was the grief that seized me, I sank prostrate with my face to the ground. Now I wept: Helen Burns was not here; nothing sustained me; left to myself I abandoned myself, and my tears watered the boards. I had meant to be so good, and to do so much at Lowood: to make so many friends, to earn respect and win affection.
dissolve - disolver
overwhelming - avasallador; agobiar, abrumar, checkagobiar
seized - incautado; agarrar, apoderarse de, apresar, aferrar, tomar
prostrate - postrado, acostado boca abajo
Already I had made visible progress: that very morning I had reached the head of my class; Miss Miller had praised me warmly; Miss Temple had smiled approbation; she had promised to teach me drawing, and to let me learn French, if I continued to make similar improvement two months longer: and then I was well received by my fellow-pupils; treated as an equal by those of my own age, and not molested by any; now, here I lay again crushed and trodden on; and could I ever rise more?
Praised - elogiado; alabanza, loa, enaltecimiento, elogio, adoración
warmly - calurosamente
approbation - aprobación
molested - molestado; molestar, acosar
crushed - aplastado; aplastamiento, enamoramiento, aplastar, destripar
"Never," I thought; and ardently I wished to die. While sobbing out this wish in broken accents, some one approached: I started up-again Helen Burns was near me; the fading fires just showed her coming up the long, vacant room; she brought my coffee and bread.
ardently - con ardor
sobbing - sollozando; sollozo, sollozante; (sob); hdp
approached - se acercó; acercarse, aproximarse
fading - Desvaneciéndose; (fad); moda, moda pasajera
"Come, eat something," she said; but I put both away from me, feeling as if a drop or a crumb would have choked me in my present condition. Helen regarded me, probably with surprise: I could not now abate my agitation, though I tried hard; I continued to weep aloud.
crumb - miga, cacho, migaja, empanar
choked - ahogado; ahogar, asfixiar
regarded - considerado; considerar
abate - reducir; disminuir, amainar
weep - llorar
She sat down on the ground near me, embraced her knees with her arms, and rested her head upon them; in that attitude she remained silent as an Indian. I was the first who spoke-
Indian - indio, hindú, indígena, indio, india
"Helen, why do you stay with a girl whom everybody believes to be a liar?"
"Everybody, Jane? Why, there are only eighty people who have heard you called so, and the world contains hundreds of millions."
"But what have I to do with millions? The eighty, I know, despise me."
"Jane, you are mistaken: probably not one in the school either despises or dislikes you: many, I am sure, pity you much."
despises - esprecia; desdenar
"How can they pity me after what Mr. Brocklehurst has said?"
"Mr. Brocklehurst is not a god: nor is he even a great and admired man: he is little liked here; he never took steps to make himself liked. Had he treated you as an especial favourite, you would have found enemies, declared or covert, all around you; as it is, the greater number would offer you sympathy if they dared.
covert - encubierto
Teachers and pupils may look coldly on you for a day or two, but friendly feelings are concealed in their hearts; and if you persevere in doing well, these feelings will ere long appear so much the more evidently for their temporary suppression. Besides, Jane"-she paused.
coldly - fríamente
concealed - ocultos; esconder, ocultar
persevere - perseverar
"Well, Helen?" said I, putting my hand into hers: she chafed my fingers gently to warm them, and went on-
chafed - raspado; calor friccional, escocimiento, irritación, cocedura
"If all the world hated you, and believed you wicked, while your own conscience approved you, and absolved you from guilt, you would not be without friends."
conscience - conciencia
absolved - absuelto; absolver, exculpar, exonerar
guilt - culpa, culpabilidad
"No; I know I should think well of myself; but that is not enough: if others don't love me I would rather die than live-I cannot bear to be solitary and hated, Helen. Look here; to gain some real affection from you, or Miss Temple, or any other whom I truly love, I would willingly submit to have the bone of my arm broken, or to let a bull toss me, or to stand behind a kicking horse, and let it dash its hoof at my chest-"
submit - someterse; someter, presentar, entregar, cursar
Bull - toro
toss - tiro, lanzamiento, lanzar una moneda al aire, echar un volado
Dash - raya, guion largo, carrerita, gota, pizca, lanzarse, romper
hoof - pata; pezuna, casco
"Hush, Jane! you think too much of the love of human beings; you are too impulsive, too vehement; the sovereign hand that created your frame, and put life into it, has provided you with other resources than your feeble self, or than creatures feeble as you. Besides this earth, and besides the race of men, there is an invisible world and a kingdom of spirits: that world is round us, for it is everywhere; and those spirits watch us, for they are commissioned to guard us; and if we were dying in pain and shame, if scorn smote us on all sides, and hatred crushed us, angels see our tortures, recognise our innocence (if innocent we be: as I know you are of this charge which Mr.
Hush - callar, callarse, calmar, acallar, silencio
impulsive - impulsivo
sovereign - soberano
feeble - débil, endeble, feble, deficiente
creatures - criaturas; criatura
Kingdom - reino
commissioned - encargado; misión, cometido, destino, cargo, comisión, encargo
smote - golpeado; golpear, cascar
hatred - odio
tortures - orturas; tortura, suplicio, torturar
recognise - Reconoces
innocence - inocencia
Brocklehurst has weakly and pompously repeated at second-hand from Mrs. Reed; for I read a sincere nature in your ardent eyes and on your clear front), and God waits only the separation of spirit from flesh to crown us with a full reward. Why, then, should we ever sink overwhelmed with distress, when life is so soon over, and death is so certain an entrance to happiness-to glory?"
weakly - débilmente
pompously - pomposamente
second-hand - (second-hand) de segunda mano
sincere - sincero
ardent - ardiente, ferviente
Reward - recompensa
overwhelmed - aburrido; agobiar, abrumar, checkagobiar
I was silent; Helen had calmed me; but in the tranquillity she imparted there was an alloy of inexpressible sadness. I felt the impression of woe as she spoke, but I could not tell whence it came; and when, having done speaking, she breathed a little fast and coughed a short cough, I momentarily forgot my own sorrows to yield to a vague concern for her.
tranquillity - tranquilidad
alloy - aleación
woe - pena, infortunio, ay
coughed - tosió; toser, tos
sorrows - enas; tristeza, aflicción, infelicidad, pesar
yield - ceder
concern - preocupación, referirse a, ataner, concernir, tocar, preocupar
Resting my head on Helen's shoulder, I put my arms round her waist; she drew me to her, and we reposed in silence. We had not sat long thus, when another person came in. Some heavy clouds, swept from the sky by a rising wind, had left the moon bare; and her light, streaming in through a window near, shone full both on us and on the approaching figure, which we at once recognised as Miss Temple.
waist - cintura
reposed - reposado; reposo
bare - desnudo, descubierto
streaming - treaming; (stream); corriente, flujo, arroyo, fluir
"I came on purpose to find you, Jane Eyre," said she; "I want you in my room; and as Helen Burns is with you, she may come too."
We went; following the superintendent's guidance, we had to thread some intricate passages, and mount a staircase before we reached her apartment; it contained a good fire, and looked cheerful. Miss Temple told Helen Burns to be seated in a low arm-chair on one side of the hearth, and herself taking another, she called me to her side.
guidance - dirección, orientación, consejo
intricate - intrincado, complejo
passages - pasajes; pasillo, pasadizo
mount - montar
"Is it all over?" she asked, looking down at my face. "Have you cried your grief away?"
"I am afraid I never shall do that."
"Because I have been wrongly accused; and you, ma'am, and everybody else, will now think me wicked."
"We shall think you what you prove yourself to be, my child. Continue to act as a good girl, and you will satisfy us."
satisfy - satisfacer
"Shall I, Miss Temple?"
"You will," said she, passing her arm round me. "And now tell me who is the lady whom Mr. Brocklehurst called your benefactress?"
"Mrs. Reed, my uncle's wife. My uncle is dead, and he left me to her care."
"Did she not, then, adopt you of her own accord?"
"No, ma'am; she was sorry to have to do it: but my uncle, as I have often heard the servants say, got her to promise before he died that she would always keep me."
"Well now, Jane, you know, or at least I will tell you, that when a criminal is accused, he is always allowed to speak in his own defence. You have been charged with falsehood; defend yourself to me as well as you can. Say whatever your memory suggests is true; but add nothing and exaggerate nothing."
defence - defensa
defend - defender
exaggerate - exagerar
I resolved, in the depth of my heart, that I would be most moderate-most correct; and, having reflected a few minutes in order to arrange coherently what I had to say, I told her all the story of my sad childhood. Exhausted by emotion, my language was more subdued than it generally was when it developed that sad theme; and mindful of Helen's warnings against the indulgence of resentment, I infused into the narrative far less of gall and wormwood than ordinary.
moderate - moderado, comedido, mediocre, moderar
coherently - coherentemente
exhausted - exhausto; agotar, cansar, tubo de escape, gas de escape
mindful - conciencia; consciente
gall - bilis, hiel
wormwood - artemisa; ajenjo, absintio, alosna, amargor, amargura
Thus restrained and simplified, it sounded more credible: I felt as I went on that Miss Temple fully believed me.
restrained - retenido; refrenar(se), contenerse
simplified - simplificado; simplificar
credible - creíble
In the course of the tale I had mentioned Mr. Lloyd as having come to see me after the fit: for I never forgot the, to me, frightful episode of the red-room: in detailing which, my excitement was sure, in some degree, to break bounds; for nothing could soften in my recollection the spasm of agony which clutched my heart when Mrs. Reed spurned my wild supplication for pardon, and locked me a second time in the dark and haunted chamber.
bounds - atado
soften - ablandar, suavizar
recollection - Recuerdo
spasm - espasmo, acceso
clutched - aferrado; agarrar
spurned - despreciado; desdenar, patada
I had finished: Miss Temple regarded me a few minutes in silence; she then said-
"I know something of Mr. Lloyd; I shall write to him; if his reply agrees with your statement, you shall be publicly cleared from every imputation; to me, Jane, you are clear now."
publicly - públicamente
imputation - imputación
She kissed me, and still keeping me at her side (where I was well contented to stand, for I derived a child's pleasure from the contemplation of her face, her dress, her one or two ornaments, her white forehead, her clustered and shining curls, and beaming dark eyes), she proceeded to address Helen Burns.
contemplation - contemplación
ornaments - dornos; ornamento, ornamento musical
beaming - rayos; radiante; (beam); viga, timón, radio
"How are you to-night, Helen? Have you coughed much to-day?"
"Not quite so much, I think, ma'am."
"And the pain in your chest?"
"It is a little better."
Miss Temple got up, took her hand and examined her pulse; then she returned to her own seat: as she resumed it, I heard her sigh low. She was pensive a few minutes, then rousing herself, she said cheerfully-
pulse - pulso
rousing - conmovedor; despertar
cheerfully - con alegría
"But you two are my visitors to-night; I must treat you as such." She rang her bell.
"Barbara," she said to the servant who answered it, "I have not yet had tea; bring the tray and place cups for these two young ladies."
And a tray was soon brought. How pretty, to my eyes, did the china cups and bright teapot look, placed on the little round table near the fire! How fragrant was the steam of the beverage, and the scent of the toast! of which, however, I, to my dismay (for I was beginning to be hungry) discerned only a very small portion: Miss Temple discerned it too.
teapot - tetera
fragrant - oloroso; fragante, perfumado
Steam - vapor
beverage - bebida, trago
scent - olor, esencia, olfato, fragancia, oler
"Barbara," said she, "can you not bring a little more bread and butter? There is not enough for three."
Barbara went out: she returned soon-
"Madam, Mrs. Harden says she has sent up the usual quantity."
harden - Se endurece
Mrs. Harden, be it observed, was the housekeeper: a woman after Mr. Brocklehurst's own heart, made up of equal parts of whalebone and iron.
whalebone - hueso de ballena; ballena
"Oh, very well!" returned Miss Temple; "we must make it do, Barbara, I suppose." And as the girl withdrew she added, smiling, "Fortunately, I have it in my power to supply deficiencies for this once."
withdrew - se retiró; retirar(se)
deficiencies - deficiencias; deficiencia, déficit, deficiencia
Having invited Helen and me to approach the table, and placed before each of us a cup of tea with one delicious but thin morsel of toast, she got up, unlocked a drawer, and taking from it a parcel wrapped in paper, disclosed presently to our eyes a good-sized seed-cake.
unlocked - desbloqueado; abrir, abrir con llave, desatrancar, desbloquear
taking from - tomar de
parcel - paquete, parcela, hatajo, embalar, parcelar
disclosed - divulgado; revelar, divulgar
"I meant to give each of you some of this to take with you," said she, "but as there is so little toast, you must have it now," and she proceeded to cut slices with a generous hand.
We feasted that evening as on nectar and ambrosia; and not the least delight of the entertainment was the smile of gratification with which our hostess regarded us, as we satisfied our famished appetites on the delicate fare she liberally supplied.
feasted - se dio un festín; banquete, festín
nectar - néctar, néctar
ambrosia - ambrosía
hostess - anfitriona, azafata, aeromoza
satisfied - satisfecho; satisfacer
Tea over and the tray removed, she again summoned us to the fire; we sat one on each side of her, and now a conversation followed between her and Helen, which it was indeed a privilege to be admitted to hear.
Miss Temple had always something of serenity in her air, of state in her mien, of refined propriety in her language, which precluded deviation into the ardent, the excited, the eager: something which chastened the pleasure of those who looked on her and listened to her, by a controlling sense of awe; and such was my feeling now: but as to Helen Burns, I was struck with wonder.
serenity - sosiego, tranquilidad, serenidad, excelencia
propriety - aptitud, propiedad
precluded - impedido; descartar, excluir, precluir
deviation - desviación
eager - ávido, ansioso, deseoso
chastened - castigado; castigar, escarmentar
The refreshing meal, the brilliant fire, the presence and kindness of her beloved instructress, or, perhaps, more than all these, something in her own unique mind, had roused her powers within her. They woke, they kindled: first, they glowed in the bright tint of her cheek, which till this hour I had never seen but pale and bloodless; then they shone in the liquid lustre of her eyes, which had suddenly acquired a beauty more singular than that of Miss Temple's-a beauty neither of fine colour nor long eyelash, nor pencilled brow, but of meaning, of movement, of radiance.
refreshing - refrescante; refrescar
beloved - querida; amado, querido, bienamado
instructress - instructora
kindled - encendido; encender
glowed - brillaba; fulgir, fulgurar, iluminar, brillar
tint - tinte, matiz
bloodless - sin sangre; exangüe, incruento, sin efusión de sangre, exánime
lustre - brillo
acquired - dquirido; obtener, adquirir
eyelash - pestanas; pestana, abénula
radiance - resplandor, brillo, fulgor
Then her soul sat on her lips, and language flowed, from what source I cannot tell. Has a girl of fourteen a heart large enough, vigorous enough, to hold the swelling spring of pure, full, fervid eloquence? Such was the characteristic of Helen's discourse on that, to me, memorable evening; her spirit seemed hastening to live within a very brief span as much as many live during a protracted existence.
vigorous - vigoroso
swelling - inflamación, hinchazón; (swell); inflamación, hinchazón
fervid - Fervoroso
eloquence - elocuencia
characteristic - característico, característica
memorable - memorable, inolvidable
hastening to - apresurarse a hacer algo
span - luz, palmo
They conversed of things I had never heard of; of nations and times past; of countries far away; of secrets of nature discovered or guessed at: they spoke of books: how many they had read! What stores of knowledge they possessed! Then they seemed so familiar with French names and French authors: but my amazement reached its climax when Miss Temple asked Helen if she sometimes snatched a moment to recall the Latin her father had taught her, and taking a book from a shelf, bade her read and construe a page of Virgil; and Helen obeyed, my organ of veneration expanding at every sounding line. She had scarcely finished ere the bell announced bedtime!
stores of knowledge - almacenes de conocimiento
possessed - Posees
amazement - asombro, sorpresa
snatched - arrebatado; agarrar, arrebatar, arrancada, arranque
Latin - Latín
Virgil - Virgilio
bedtime - hora de acostarse; hora de dormir
no delay could be admitted; Miss Temple embraced us both, saying, as she drew us to her heart-
"God bless you, my children!"
Helen she held a little longer than me: she let her go more reluctantly; it was Helen her eye followed to the door; it was for her she a second time breathed a sad sigh; for her she wiped a tear from her cheek.
On reaching the bedroom, we heard the voice of Miss Scatcherd: she was examining drawers; she had just pulled out Helen Burns's, and when we entered Helen was greeted with a sharp reprimand, and told that to-morrow she should have half-a-dozen of untidily folded articles pinned to her shoulder.
reprimand - reprimenda, reprensión, amonestación, admonición
untidily - desordenadamente
"My things were indeed in shameful disorder," murmured Helen to me, in a low voice: "I intended to have arranged them, but I forgot."
disorder - desorden, disturbio, desenfreno, trastorno
Next morning, Miss Scatcherd wrote in conspicuous characters on a piece of pasteboard the word "Slattern," and bound it like a phylactery round Helen's large, mild, intelligent, and benign-looking forehead. She wore it till evening, patient, unresentful, regarding it as a deserved punishment.
conspicuous - conspicuo, llamativo, ilustre, notorio
Slattern - perezoso; puerca
phylactery - filacteria, amuleto
benign - benigno
unresentful - No te molesta
regarding - con respecto a; considerar
The moment Miss Scatcherd withdrew after afternoon school, I ran to Helen, tore it off, and thrust it into the fire: the fury of which she was incapable had been burning in my soul all day, and tears, hot and large, had continually been scalding my cheek; for the spectacle of her sad resignation gave me an intolerable pain at the heart.
scalding - Hirviendo; (scald) Hirviendo
resignation - dimisión, renuncia, resignación
intolerable - insoportable; intolerable, de juzgado de guardia
About a week subsequently to the incidents above narrated, Miss Temple, who had written to Mr. Lloyd, received his answer: it appeared that what he said went to corroborate my account. Miss Temple, having assembled the whole school, announced that inquiry had been made into the charges alleged against Jane Eyre, and that she was most happy to be able to pronounce her completely cleared from every imputation.
Incidents - incidentes; incidente
Narrated - narrado; narrar, contar
corroborate - corroborar
alleged - supuesto; alegar
The teachers then shook hands with me and kissed me, and a murmur of pleasure ran through the ranks of my companions.
murmur - murmullo; soplo, murmurar
ranks - rangos; rango, graduación
Companions - companeros; companero, companera
Thus relieved of a grievous load, I from that hour set to work afresh, resolved to pioneer my way through every difficulty: I toiled hard, and my success was proportionate to my efforts; my memory, not naturally tenacious, improved with practice; exercise sharpened my wits; in a few weeks I was promoted to a higher class; in less than two months I was allowed to commence French and drawing. I learned the first two tenses of the verb Etre, and sketched my first cottage (whose walls, by-the-bye, outrivalled in slope those of the leaning tower of Pisa), on the same day. That night, on going to bed, I forgot to prepare in imagination the Barmecide supper of hot roast potatoes, or white bread and new milk, with which I was wont to amuse my inward cravings: I feasted instead on the spectacle of ideal drawings, which I saw in the dark; all the work of my own hands: freely pencilled houses and trees, picturesque rocks and ruins, Cuyp-like groups of cattle, sweet paintings of butterflies hovering over unblown roses, of birds picking at ripe cherries, of wren's nests enclosing pearl-like eggs, wreathed about with young ivy sprays.
load - cargar; carga
afresh - de nuevo, otra vez
Pioneer - pionero
toiled - trabajó; esfuerzo, labrar, trabajar
tenacious - aferrado, tenaz, tesonero
sharpened - afilado; afilar
tenses - iempos; tiempo
verb - verbo
sketched - esbozado; bosquejar, esbozar, pergenar, esbozo, bosquejo
slope - pendiente, cuesta, desnivel, inclinación, ojo chueco, chuequito
imagination - imaginación, magín
Barmecide - Barmecida
roast potatoes - patatas asadas
amuse - entretener, distraer, divertir
cravings - Ansias
drawings - Dibujo
picturesque - pintoresco
ruins - ruinas; ruina, desbaratar, arruinar, estropear, dar al traste
cattle - ganado, ganado bovino
paintings - pinturas; cuadro, pintura, pintado, pintura
butterflies - mariposas; mariposa
hovering - revoloteando; cerner, dudar, hesitar, vacilar
unblown - Sin soplar
roses - rosas; Rosa
ripe - maduro
cherries - cerezas; cereza, guinda, cerezo, guinda, cereza
Wren - chochín, cucarachero
nests - nidos; nido
pearl - perla, parisienne
wreathed - coronado; cubrir, envolver, adornar, coronar
sprays - pulverizadores; rociada, pulverización
I examined, too, in thought, the possibility of my ever being able to translate currently a certain little French story which Madame Pierrot had that day shown me; nor was that problem solved to my satisfaction ere I fell sweetly asleep.
satisfaction - satisfacción, satisfacción
sweetly - dulcemente, abemoladamente
Well has Solomon said-"Better is a dinner of herbs where love is, than a stalled ox and hatred therewith."
Solomon - Salomón
herbs - hierbas; hierba culinaria, planta medicinal, hierba
stalled - atascado; compartimento
ox - buey
I would not now have exchanged Lowood with all its privations for Gateshead and its daily luxuries.
But the privations, or rather the hardships, of Lowood lessened. Spring drew on: she was indeed already come; the frosts of winter had ceased; its snows were melted, its cutting winds ameliorated. My wretched feet, flayed and swollen to lameness by the sharp air of January, began to heal and subside under the gentler breathings of April; the nights and mornings no longer by their Canadian temperature froze the very blood in our veins; we could now endure the play-hour passed in the garden: sometimes on a sunny day it began even to be pleasant and genial, and a greenness grew over those brown beds, which, freshening daily, suggested the thought that Hope traversed them at night, and left each morning brighter traces of her steps.
lessened - isminuido; menoscabar, disminuir, reducir, aminorar
frosts - heladas; escarcha, helada, escarchar, glasear, granizar
ameliorated - mejorado; mejorar
swollen - inflamado; hinchar(se), inflar(se)
lameness - Cojera
heal - curar
subside - disminuir; calmarse
breathings - respiraciones; respiración
Canadian - Canadiense
veins - venas; vena
sunny - asoleado
genial - genial, amable, formidable, bueno, simpático
greenness - verdeza; verde, verdor
freshening - Refrescar
traces - rastros; rastro, huella, vestigio, indicio
Flowers peeped out amongst the leaves; snow-drops, crocuses, purple auriculas, and golden-eyed pansies. On Thursday afternoons (half-holidays) we now took walks, and found still sweeter flowers opening by the wayside, under the hedges.
peeped - spiado; espiar
Crocuses - azafrán
auriculas - aurícula
pansies - margaritas; pensamiento
hedges - etos; seto
I discovered, too, that a great pleasure, an enjoyment which the horizon only bounded, lay all outside the high and spike-guarded walls of our garden: this pleasure consisted in prospect of noble summits girdling a great hill-hollow, rich in verdure and shadow; in a bright beck, full of dark stones and sparkling eddies. How different had this scene looked when I viewed it laid out beneath the iron sky of winter, stiffened in frost, shrouded with snow!
spike - pico; clavo, pincho, púa, punta, espiga, clavos
noble - noble
girdling - cenido; (girdle) cenido
verdure - verdor, vegetación, verdura
shadow - sombra
beck - a disposición de
sparkling - chispeante; centelleante, gaseoso, efervescente
eddies - torbellinos; remolino
when mists as chill as death wandered to the impulse of east winds along those purple peaks, and rolled down "ing" and holm till they blended with the frozen fog of the beck! That beck itself was then a torrent, turbid and curbless: it tore asunder the wood, and sent a raving sound through the air, often thickened with wild rain or whirling sleet; and for the forest on its banks, that showed only ranks of skeletons.
mists - nieblas; neblina
peaks - picos; pico, cumbre
blended - mezclado; mezcla, mezclar, combinar
Fog - niebla
torrent - torrente
curbless - sin bordillos
asunder - despedazar; en dos, en pedazos
thickened - engrosado; espesar
whirling - Girando; (whirl) Girando
sleet - llovizna; perdigón de hielo, aguanieve, panish: t-needed
skeletons - esqueletos; esqueleto
April advanced to May: a bright serene May it was; days of blue sky, placid sunshine, and soft western or southern gales filled up its duration. And now vegetation matured with vigour; Lowood shook loose its tresses; it became all green, all flowery; its great elm, ash, and oak skeletons were restored to majestic life; woodland plants sprang up profusely in its recesses; unnumbered varieties of moss filled its hollows, and it made a strange ground-sunshine out of the wealth of its wild primrose plants: I have seen their pale gold gleam in overshadowed spots like scatterings of the sweetest lustre.
serene - sereno
placid - pacido; plácido
gales - endavales; vendaval, galerna
vegetation - vegetación
matured - madurado; maduro
tresses - mechones; tres cubano, tres
flowery - floral, florido, bombástico
elm - olmo
ash - cenizas; ceniza
oak - roble, encina, carrasca
restored - restaurado; restablecer, restaurar
majestic - majestuoso
woodland - forestal, del bosque, bosque, floresta, foresta
sprang up - brotar; aparecer; alzarse
recesses - recesos; receso
unnumbered - sin numerar
moss - musgo
hollows - huecos; hueco
wealth - prosperidad, riqueza
Primrose - primavera
gleam - resplandor; relucir, brillar, destellar
All this I enjoyed often and fully, free, unwatched, and almost alone: for this unwonted liberty and pleasure there was a cause, to which it now becomes my task to advert.
unwatched - Sin ver
advert - publicidad; anuncio
Have I not described a pleasant site for a dwelling, when I speak of it as bosomed in hill and wood, and rising from the verge of a stream? Assuredly, pleasant enough: but whether healthy or not is another question.
dwelling - vivienda; (dwell); habitar, morar
bosomed - bosomed; seno, pechera, busto
verge - margen, borde; arcén
assuredly - seguro
That forest-dell, where Lowood lay, was the cradle of fog and fog-bred pestilence; which, quickening with the quickening spring, crept into the Orphan Asylum, breathed typhus through its crowded schoolroom and dormitory, and, ere May arrived, transformed the seminary into an hospital.
cradle - cuna, brezo, brezar, brizar
bred - criado; (breed); criar, procrear, aparearse, cultivar
pestilence - peste; pestilencia
quickening - Rápido; (quicken) Rápido
crept - se arrastró; reptar, hormigueo, fatiga
asylum - asilo, santuario, manicomio
typhus - tifus
transformed - transformado; trasformar, transformar
seminary - seminario
Semi-starvation and neglected colds had predisposed most of the pupils to receive infection: forty-five out of the eighty girls lay ill at one time. Classes were broken up, rules relaxed. The few who continued well were allowed almost unlimited license; because the medical attendant insisted on the necessity of frequent exercise to keep them in health: and had it been otherwise, no one had leisure to watch or restrain them. Miss Temple's whole attention was absorbed by the patients: she lived in the sick-room, never quitting it except to snatch a few hours'rest at night.
starvation - inanición
predisposed - Predisponer
infection - infección, infección
unlimited - ilimitado, sin límite
license - licencia, permiso, permisividad
attendant - asistente, guarda, concomitante, inherente
insisted - insistió; insistir
otherwise - o no; de otro
restrain - retener; refrenar(se), contenerse
sick-room - (sick-room) Habitación de enfermos
The teachers were fully occupied with packing up and making other necessary preparations for the departure of those girls who were fortunate enough to have friends and relations able and willing to remove them from the seat of contagion. Many, already smitten, went home only to die: some died at the school, and were buried quietly and quickly, the nature of the malady forbidding delay.
fully occupied - Ocupado completamente
occupied with - ocupado con
packing up - hacer la maleta; recoger; embalar; terminar un día en el trabajo
preparations - preparativos; preparación
fortunate - afortunado, propicio, favorable, afortunada
contagion - contagio
smitten - enamorado; golpear, cascar
malady - malestar; mal
While disease had thus become an inhabitant of Lowood, and death its frequent visitor; while there was gloom and fear within its walls; while its rooms and passages steamed with hospital smells, the drug and the pastille striving vainly to overcome the effluvia of mortality, that bright May shone unclouded over the bold hills and beautiful woodland out of doors.
inhabitant - habitante, residente, lugareno, lugarena
steamed - al vapor; vapor
pastille - pastilla
striving - esforzándose; (strive) esforzándose
vainly - en vano; vanamente
effluvia - fluvios; efluvio
mortality - mortalidad
bold - osado; valiente, audaz, atrevido
Its garden, too, glowed with flowers: hollyhocks had sprung up tall as trees, lilies had opened, tulips and roses were in bloom; the borders of the little beds were gay with pink thrift and crimson double daisies; the sweetbriars gave out, morning and evening, their scent of spice and apples; and these fragrant treasures were all useless for most of the inmates of Lowood, except to furnish now and then a handful of herbs and blossoms to put in a coffin.
hollyhocks - malvarrosas; malva real, malva arbórea, malva rósea, malva loca
lilies - lirios; azucena, lirio
tulips - tulipanes; tulipán
bloom - florecer; flor
gay - gay, homosexual
thrift - parsimonia, parquedad, economía, ahorro
daisies - margaritas; margarita común, chiribita, margarita
spice - picante; especia
treasures - tesoros; tesoro, atesorar
inmates - reclusos; internado, interno, preso, recluso
furnish - amoblar, amueblar, suministrar, proporcionar, dotar
handful - manojo, punado, checkmanojo, poca cantidad
blossoms - flores; flor, floración, florecer
But I, and the rest who continued well, enjoyed fully the beauties of the scene and season; they let us ramble in the wood, like gipsies, from morning till night; we did what we liked, went where we liked: we lived better too. Mr. Brocklehurst and his family never came near Lowood now: household matters were not scrutinised into; the cross housekeeper was gone, driven away by the fear of infection; her successor, who had been matron at the Lowton Dispensary, unused to the ways of her new abode, provided with comparative liberality.
ramble - discutir; pasearse, callejear, divagar, debrayar
gipsies - Gitano
driven away - alejarse en coche; ahuyentar
successor - sucesor, sucesora
Matron - matrona
Dispensary - dispensario
unused - no usado/utilizado, sin usar/utilizar, sin uso
Besides, there were fewer to feed; the sick could eat little; our breakfast-basins were better filled; when there was no time to prepare a regular dinner, which often happened, she would give us a large piece of cold pie, or a thick slice of bread and cheese, and this we carried away with us to the wood, where we each chose the spot we liked best, and dined sumptuously.
pie - tarta, empanada, pastel
dined - cenamos; cenar
sumptuously - untuosamente
My favourite seat was a smooth and broad stone, rising white and dry from the very middle of the beck, and only to be got at by wading through the water; a feat I accomplished barefoot. The stone was just broad enough to accommodate, comfortably, another girl and me, at that time my chosen comrade-one Mary Ann Wilson; a shrewd, observant personage, whose society I took pleasure in, partly because she was witty and original, and partly because she had a manner which set me at my ease.
wading - Vadeando; (wad) Vadeando
feat - hazana, proeza
accomplished - cumplido; efectuar, realizar, lograr, completar
barefoot - descalzo, chuna
accommodate - acomodarse; acomodar, acoger, albergar, satisfacer, adaptar
comfortably - cómodamente
comrade - companero, colega, camarada, correligionario, camarada
Mary - María
witty - panish: t-needed
ease - facilidad; aliviar
Some years older than I, she knew more of the world, and could tell me many things I liked to hear: with her my curiosity found gratification: to my faults also she gave ample indulgence, never imposing curb or rein on anything I said. She had a turn for narrative, I for analysis; she liked to inform, I to question; so we got on swimmingly together, deriving much entertainment, if not much improvement, from our mutual intercourse.
curiosity - curiosidad
imposing - imponente; imponer
rein - rena; rienda
inform - informar
swimmingly - a las mil maravillas, a pedir de boca, como la seda
deriving - derivar
mutual - mutua; mutuo, recíproco
intercourse - conversación, coito, acto sexual, relación sexual
And where, meantime, was Helen Burns? Why did I not spend these sweet days of liberty with her? Had I forgotten her? or was I so worthless as to have grown tired of her pure society?
worthless - sin valor
Surely the Mary Ann Wilson I have mentioned was inferior to my first acquaintance: she could only tell me amusing stories, and reciprocate any racy and pungent gossip I chose to indulge in; while, if I have spoken truth of Helen, she was qualified to give those who enjoyed the privilege of her converse a taste of far higher things.
amusing - divertido; entretener, distraer, divertir
reciprocate - orresponder; recompensar
gossip - chismoso, chismosa, chisme, chismear, cotillear, chismorrear
True, reader; and I knew and felt this: and though I am a defective being, with many faults and few redeeming points, yet I never tired of Helen Burns; nor ever ceased to cherish for her a sentiment of attachment, as strong, tender, and respectful as any that ever animated my heart. How could it be otherwise, when Helen, at all times and under all circumstances, evinced for me a quiet and faithful friendship, which ill-humour never soured, nor irritation never troubled? But Helen was ill at present: for some weeks she had been removed from my sight to I knew not what room upstairs.
cherish - apreciar; mimar
attachment - apego, carino, afición, atadura, archivo adjunto, ejecución
tender - tierno
animated - animado, animar
circumstances - circunstancias; circunstancia
evinced - evidenciado; manifestar, revelar, evidenciar
soured - agriado; agrio, ácido, acedo, acidez
She was not, I was told, in the hospital portion of the house with the fever patients; for her complaint was consumption, not typhus: and by consumption I, in my ignorance, understood something mild, which time and care would be sure to alleviate.
fever - fiebre, calentura
consumption - consumo
alleviate - aliviar, mitigar, paliar
I was confirmed in this idea by the fact of her once or twice coming downstairs on very warm sunny afternoons, and being taken by Miss Temple into the garden; but, on these occasions, I was not allowed to go and speak to her; I only saw her from the schoolroom window, and then not distinctly; for she was much wrapped up, and sat at a distance under the verandah.
One evening, in the beginning of June, I had stayed out very late with Mary Ann in the wood; we had, as usual, separated ourselves from the others, and had wandered far; so far that we lost our way, and had to ask it at a lonely cottage, where a man and woman lived, who looked after a herd of half-wild swine that fed on the mast in the wood. When we got back, it was after moonrise: a pony, which we knew to be the surgeon's, was standing at the garden door. Mary Ann remarked that she supposed some one must be very ill, as Mr. Bates had been sent for at that time of the evening. She went into the house; I stayed behind a few minutes to plant in my garden a handful of roots I had dug up in the forest, and which I feared would wither if I left them till the morning. This done, I lingered yet a little longer: the flowers smelt so sweet as the dew fell; it was such a pleasant evening, so serene, so warm; the still glowing west promised so fairly another fine day on the morrow; the moon rose with such majesty in the grave east.
herd - rebano, manada, piara
swine - cerdo, canalla
mast - mástil
moonrise - subida de la luna, salida de la luna
pony - poni, póney
surgeon - cirujano, cirujana
wither - marchitar(se)
lingered - permaneció; permanecer, demorar, persistir, perdurar, pervivir
dew - rocío
glowing - resplandeciente; fulgir, fulgurar, iluminar, brillar
I was noting these things and enjoying them as a child might, when it entered my mind as it had never done before:-
"How sad to be lying now on a sick bed, and to be in danger of dying! This world is pleasant-it would be dreary to be called from it, and to have to go who knows where?"
sick bed - cama de enfermo
And then my mind made its first earnest effort to comprehend what had been infused into it concerning heaven and hell; and for the first time it recoiled, baffled; and for the first time glancing behind, on each side, and before it, it saw all round an unfathomed gulf: it felt the one point where it stood-the present; all the rest was formless cloud and vacant depth; and it shuddered at the thought of tottering, and plunging amid that chaos.
recoiled - retrocedió; retroceso, echarse atrás, recular
baffled - desconcertado; desconcertar, confundir
unfathomed - insondable
Gulf - golfo
formless - sin forma
shuddered - se estremeció; escalofrío
plunging - en picado; (plunge) en picado
amid - en medio de, entre
While pondering this new idea, I heard the front door open; Mr. Bates came out, and with him was a nurse. After she had seen him mount his horse and depart, she was about to close the door, but I ran up to her.
depart - irse, salir, partir, panish:
"How is Helen Burns?"
"Very poorly," was the answer.
poorly - Mal
"Is it her Mr. Bates has been to see?"
"And what does he say about her?"
"He says she'll not be here long."
This phrase, uttered in my hearing yesterday, would have only conveyed the notion that she was about to be removed to Northumberland, to her own home. I should not have suspected that it meant she was dying; but I knew instantly now! It opened clear on my comprehension that Helen Burns was numbering her last days in this world, and that she was going to be taken to the region of spirits, if such region there were.
uttered - ronunciado; absoluto, total
conveyed - transmitido; transportar, trasladar, comunicar, expresar
comprehension - comprensión, entendimiento
I experienced a shock of horror, then a strong thrill of grief, then a desire-a necessity to see her; and I asked in what room she lay.
thrill - emoción; excitar; emocionar, conmover
"She is in Miss Temple's room," said the nurse.
"May I go up and speak to her?"
"Oh no, child! It is not likely; and now it is time for you to come in; you'll catch the fever if you stop out when the dew is falling."
The nurse closed the front door; I went in by the side entrance which led to the schoolroom: I was just in time; it was nine o'clock, and Miss Miller was calling the pupils to go to bed.
side entrance - entrada lateral
It might be two hours later, probably near eleven, when I-not having been able to fall asleep, and deeming, from the perfect silence of the dormitory, that my companions were all wrapt in profound repose-rose softly, put on my frock over my night-dress, and, without shoes, crept from the apartment, and set off in quest of Miss Temple's room. It was quite at the other end of the house; but I knew my way; and the light of the unclouded summer moon, entering here and there at passage windows, enabled me to find it without difficulty. An odour of camphor and burnt vinegar warned me when I came near the fever room: and I passed its door quickly, fearful lest the nurse who sat up all night should hear me.
deeming - considerar, concluir, estimar
wrapt - envuelto; enrollar
profound - profundo
repose - reposo
quest - busca, búsqueda
enabled - habilitado; habilitar, posibilitar, activar
camphor - alcanfor
vinegar - vinagre
I dreaded being discovered and sent back; for I must see Helen,-I must embrace her before she died,-I must give her one last kiss, exchange with her one last word.
dreaded - temido; temer, pavor, temor
Embrace - abrazar, abrazo
Having descended a staircase, traversed a portion of the house below, and succeeded in opening and shutting, without noise, two doors, I reached another flight of steps; these I mounted, and then just opposite to me was Miss Temple's room. A light shone through the keyhole and from under the door; a profound stillness pervaded the vicinity.
opposite to - lo contrario de, opuesto a
shone through - Brillar a través de; notarse, lucir
keyhole - el ojo de la cerradura; ojo
pervaded - mpregnado; permear
vicinity - vecindad, cercanías, inmediaciones, aproximado, aproximadamente
coming near, I found the door slightly ajar; probably to admit some fresh air into the close abode of sickness. Indisposed to hesitate, and full of impatient impulses-soul and senses quivering with keen throes-I put it back and looked in. My eye sought Helen, and feared to find death.
coming near - acercarse
ajar - entreabierto
sickness - enfermedad, dolencia
indisposed - Indisponer
hesitate - vacilar, dudar, hesitar
impulses - impulsos; impulso, capricho
quivering - tiembla; estremecer(se)
throes - tirar
Close by Miss Temple's bed, and half covered with its white curtains, there stood a little crib. I saw the outline of a form under the clothes, but the face was hid by the hangings: the nurse I had spoken to in the garden sat in an easy-chair asleep; an unsnuffed candle burnt dimly on the table.
hangings - Colgando
unsnuffed - Sin tabaco
Miss Temple was not to be seen: I knew afterwards that she had been called to a delirious patient in the fever-room. I advanced; then paused by the crib side: my hand was on the curtain, but I preferred speaking before I withdrew it. I still recoiled at the dread of seeing a corpse.
delirious - delirante
corpse - cuerpo, cadáver
"Helen!" I whispered softly, "are you awake?"
awake - despierto; despertar(se)
She stirred herself, put back the curtain, and I saw her face, pale, wasted, but quite composed: she looked so little changed that my fear was instantly dissipated.
"Can it be you, Jane?" she asked, in her own gentle voice.
"Oh!" I thought, "she is not going to die; they are mistaken: she could not speak and look so calmly if she were."
calmly - con calma; tranquilamente
I got on to her crib and kissed her: her forehead was cold, and her cheek both cold and thin, and so were her hand and wrist; but she smiled as of old.
wrist - muneca; muneca
"Why are you come here, Jane? It is past eleven o'clock: I heard it strike some minutes since."
"I came to see you, Helen: I heard you were very ill, and I could not sleep till I had spoken to you."
"You came to bid me good-bye, then: you are just in time probably."
"Are you going somewhere, Helen? Are you going home?"
"Yes; to my long home-my last home."
"No, no, Helen!" I stopped, distressed. While I tried to devour my tears, a fit of coughing seized Helen; it did not, however, wake the nurse; when it was over, she lay some minutes exhausted; then she whispered-
distressed - angustiado; aflicción, angustia, desasosiego, ansiedad
devour - devorar, jambar
coughing - Tos; (cough); toser, tos
"Jane, your little feet are bare; lie down and cover yourself with my quilt."
I did so: she put her arm over me, and I nestled close to her. After a long silence, she resumed, still whispering-
nestled - encajado; acomodarse, acurrucarse
"I am very happy, Jane; and when you hear that I am dead, you must be sure and not grieve: there is nothing to grieve about. We all must die one day, and the illness which is removing me is not painful; it is gentle and gradual: my mind is at rest. I leave no one to regret me much: I have only a father; and he is lately married, and will not miss me.
gradual - gradual, paulatino
regret - lamentar, pena, pesar, arrepentimiento
By dying young, I shall escape great sufferings. I had not qualities or talents to make my way very well in the world: I should have been continually at fault."
"But where are you going to, Helen? Can you see? Do you know?"
"I believe; I have faith: I am going to God."
Faith - fe, confianza
"Where is God? What is God?"
"My Maker and yours, who will never destroy what He created. I rely implicitly on His power, and confide wholly in His goodness: I count the hours till that eventful one arrives which shall restore me to Him, reveal Him to me."
Maker - hacedor, fabricante
rely - confiar; contar con, atenerse
implicitly - implícitamente
confide - confiar
wholly - Por completo
eventful - evento; memorable
"You are sure, then, Helen, that there is such a place as heaven, and that our souls can get to it when we die?"
"I am sure there is a future state; I believe God is good; I can resign my immortal part to Him without any misgiving. God is my father; God is my friend: I love Him; I believe He loves me."
resign - dimitir
"And shall I see you again, Helen, when I die?"
"You will come to the same region of happiness: be received by the same mighty, universal Parent, no doubt, dear Jane."
Again I questioned, but this time only in thought. "Where is that region? Does it exist?" And I clasped my arms closer round Helen; she seemed dearer to me than ever; I felt as if I could not let her go; I lay with my face hidden on her neck. Presently she said, in the sweetest tone-
clasped - agarrado; broche, manija, corchete, hebilla, agarrar
"How comfortable I am! That last fit of coughing has tired me a little; I feel as if I could sleep: but don't leave me, Jane; I like to have you near me."
"I'll stay with you, dear Helen: no one shall take me away."
"Are you warm, darling?"
She kissed me, and I her, and we both soon slumbered.
When I awoke it was day: an unusual movement roused me; I looked up; I was in somebody's arms; the nurse held me; she was carrying me through the passage back to the dormitory. I was not reprimanded for leaving my bed; people had something else to think about; no explanation was afforded then to my many questions; but a day or two afterwards I learned that Miss Temple, on returning to her own room at dawn, had found me laid in the little crib; my face against Helen Burns's shoulder, my arms round her neck.
reprimanded - reprendido; reprimenda, reprensión, amonestación, admonición
laid in - recoger
I was asleep, and Helen was-dead.
Her grave is in Brocklebridge churchyard: for fifteen years after her death it was only covered by a grassy mound; but now a grey marble tablet marks the spot, inscribed with her name, and the word "Resurgam."
grassy - hierba; herboso
mound - túmulo, montículo, base, orbe, apilar, amontonar
Hitherto I have recorded in detail the events of my insignificant existence: to the first ten years of my life I have given almost as many chapters. But this is not to be a regular autobiography. I am only bound to invoke Memory where I know her responses will possess some degree of interest; therefore I now pass a space of eight years almost in silence: a few lines only are necessary to keep up the links of connection.
insignificant - insignificante, oscuro, desestimable
autobiography - autobiografía
invoke - invocar
possess - poseer
When the typhus fever had fulfilled its mission of devastation at Lowood, it gradually disappeared from thence; but not till its virulence and the number of its victims had drawn public attention on the school. Inquiry was made into the origin of the scourge, and by degrees various facts came out which excited public indignation in a high degree. The unhealthy nature of the site; the quantity and quality of the children's food; the brackish, fetid water used in its preparation; the pupils'wretched clothing and accommodations-all these things were discovered, and the discovery produced a result mortifying to Mr.
fulfilled - cumplido; cumplir
mission - misión
devastation - devastación, asolamiento, arrasamiento, quebranto
not till - no hasta
virulence - virulencia
origin - origen
scourge - azote, flagelo, azotar, flagelar
brackish - salobre, desabrido
fetid - fétido
mortifying - mortificante; mortificar, matar
Brocklehurst, but beneficial to the institution.
beneficial - beneficioso
Several wealthy and benevolent individuals in the county subscribed largely for the erection of a more convenient building in a better situation; new regulations were made; improvements in diet and clothing introduced; the funds of the school were intrusted to the management of a committee. Mr. Brocklehurst, who, from his wealth and family connections, could not be overlooked, still retained the post of treasurer; but he was aided in the discharge of his duties by gentlemen of rather more enlarged and sympathising minds: his office of inspector, too, was shared by those who knew how to combine reason with strictness, comfort with economy, compassion with uprightness.
wealthy - ricos; adinerado, rico, próspero, acomodado
subscribed - suscrito; suscribirse
largely - en gran medida; mayormente
erection - erección
funds - fondos; fondo, capital, financiar, sufragar, patrocinar
committee - comité, comisión
retained - retenido; retener, detentar
aided - ayudado; Assistente
discharge - cumplir, completar, despedir, descargar, descargo, dar de alta
enlarged - aumentado; ampliar, agrandar, engrandecer
sympathising - Simpatizar
inspector - inspector
strictness - estricto
compassion - compasión, conmiseración
The school, thus improved, became in time a truly useful and noble institution. I remained an inmate of its walls, after its regeneration, for eight years: six as pupil, and two as teacher; and in both capacities I bear my testimony to its value and importance.
inmate - internado, interno, preso, recluso
capacities - capacidades; capacidad
testimony - testimonio
During these eight years my life was uniform: but not unhappy, because it was not inactive. I had the means of an excellent education placed within my reach; a fondness for some of my studies, and a desire to excel in all, together with a great delight in pleasing my teachers, especially such as I loved, urged me on: I availed myself fully of the advantages offered me.
fondness - carino; apego, querencia
excel in - destacar en
availed - isponible; aprovechar, servir
offered - ofrecido; ofrecer
In time I rose to be the first girl of the first class; then I was invested with the office of teacher; which I discharged with zeal for two years: but at the end of that time I altered.
discharged - dado de alta; cumplir, completar, despedir, descargar, descargo
zeal - ahínco, fervor, celo, entusiasmo
From the day she left I was no longer the same: with her was gone every settled feeling, every association that had made Lowood in some degree a home to me.
Association - asociación
I had imbibed from her something of her nature and much of her habits: more harmonious thoughts: what seemed better regulated feelings had become the inmates of my mind. I had given in allegiance to duty and order; I was quiet; I believed I was content: to the eyes of others, usually even to my own, I appeared a disciplined and subdued character.
imbibed - bebido; beber, tomar
more harmonious - más armonioso
regulated - regulado; regular
allegiance - fidelidad, lealtad
content - contenido; satisfecho
But destiny, in the shape of the Rev. Mr. Nasmyth, came between me and Miss Temple: I saw her in her travelling dress step into a post-chaise, shortly after the marriage ceremony; I watched the chaise mount the hill and disappear beyond its brow; and then retired to my own room, and there spent in solitude the greatest part of the half-holiday granted in honour of the occasion.
destiny - destino, sino
Rev - acelerar
marriage ceremony - ceremonia nupcial
granted - concedido; otorgar, conceder, subvención, beca, patrocinio
I walked about the chamber most of the time. I imagined myself only to be regretting my loss, and thinking how to repair it; but when my reflections were concluded, and I looked up and found that the afternoon was gone, and evening far advanced, another discovery dawned on me, namely, that in the interval I had undergone a transforming process; that my mind had put off all it had borrowed of Miss Temple-or rather that she had taken with her the serene atmosphere I had been breathing in her vicinity-and that now I was left in my natural element, and beginning to feel the stirring of old emotions.
regretting - lamentando; lamentar, pena, pesar, arrepentimiento
namely - específicamente, a saber, nombradamente
undergone - ufrido; experimentar, sufrir, soportar, padecer
transforming - Transformando; (transform); trasformar, transformar
stirring of - remover, mezclar
It did not seem as if a prop were withdrawn, but rather as if a motive were gone: it was not the power to be tranquil which had failed me, but the reason for tranquillity was no more. My world had for some years been in Lowood: my experience had been of its rules and systems; now I remembered that the real world was wide, and that a varied field of hopes and fears, of sensations and excitements, awaited those who had courage to go forth into its expanse, to seek real knowledge of life amidst its perils.
prop - puntales; puntal
withdrawn - retirada; retirar(se)
tranquil - tranquilo, apacible
varied - variada; variar
awaited - esperado; esperar, aguantar
expanse - extensión
perils - peligros; peligro, riesgo
I went to my window, opened it, and looked out. There were the two wings of the building; there was the garden; there were the skirts of Lowood; there was the hilly horizon. My eye passed all other objects to rest on those most remote, the blue peaks; it was those I longed to surmount; all within their boundary of rock and heath seemed prison-ground, exile limits. I traced the white road winding round the base of one mountain, and vanishing in a gorge between two; how I longed to follow it farther! I recalled the time when I had travelled that very road in a coach; I remembered descending that hill at twilight; an age seemed to have elapsed since the day which brought me first to Lowood, and I had never quitted it since. My vacations had all been spent at school: Mrs.
boundary - frontera, límite, linde, lindero
exile - exilio, destierro, exiliado, desterrado, exiliar, desterrar
vanishing - Desapareciendo; (vanish); desvanecerse, desaparecer, anularse
gorge - desfiladero; barranco
descending - descendente; descender, bajar
elapsed - ha transcurrido; transcurrir
Reed had never sent for me to Gateshead; neither she nor any of her family had ever been to visit me. I had had no communication by letter or message with the outer world: school-rules, school-duties, school-habits and notions, and voices, and faces, and phrases, and costumes, and preferences, and antipathies-such was what I knew of existence. And now I felt that it was not enough; I tired of the routine of eight years in one afternoon. I desired liberty; for liberty I gasped; for liberty I uttered a prayer; it seemed scattered on the wind then faintly blowing. I abandoned it and framed a humbler supplication; for change, stimulus: that petition, too, seemed swept off into vague space: "Then," I cried, half desperate, "grant me at least a new servitude!"
preferences - Preferencia
Antipathies - antipatías; antipatía, aversión
gasped - jadeó; jadear, bocanada, calada
humbler - Más humilde; (humble) Más humilde
petition - petición
Grant - otorgar, conceder, subvención, beca, patrocinio
servitude - servidumbre
Here a bell, ringing the hour of supper, called me downstairs.
I was not free to resume the interrupted chain of my reflections till bedtime: even then a teacher who occupied the same room with me kept me from the subject to which I longed to recur, by a prolonged effusion of small talk. How I wished sleep would silence her. It seemed as if, could I but go back to the idea which had last entered my mind as I stood at the window, some inventive suggestion would rise for my relief.
resume - resumen; reanudar
effusion - efusión, derrame
inventive - inventiva; inventivo
Miss Gryce snored at last; she was a heavy Welshwoman, and till now her habitual nasal strains had never been regarded by me in any other light than as a nuisance; to-night I hailed the first deep notes with satisfaction; I was debarrassed of interruption; my half-effaced thought instantly revived.
snored - roncaba; roncar, ronquido
Welshwoman - galesa
nasal - nariz; nasal
strains - correas; estirar, tensar
nuisance - molestia, engorro, incomodidad, molienda, inconveniente
hailed - aclamado; granizo
effaced - borrado; borrar
revived - evivido; revivir
"A new servitude! There is something in that," I soliloquised (mentally, be it understood; I did not talk aloud), "I know there is, because it does not sound too sweet; it is not like such words as Liberty, Excitement, Enjoyment: delightful sounds truly; but no more than sounds for me; and so hollow and fleeting that it is mere waste of time to listen to them.
soliloquised - Soliloquio
mentally - mentalmente
delightful - delicioso
fleeting - fugaz; flota
But Servitude! That must be matter of fact. Any one may serve: I have served here eight years; now all I want is to serve elsewhere. Can I not get so much of my own will? Is not the thing feasible? Yes-yes-the end is not so difficult; if I had only a brain active enough to ferret out the means of attaining it."
feasible - es factible; factible, asequible, dable, viable
ferret - hurón
attaining - lograr, conseguir
I sat up in bed by way of arousing this said brain: it was a chilly night; I covered my shoulders with a shawl, and then I proceeded to think again with all my might.
arousing - excitante; provocar, incitar, concitar, excitar, despertar
"What do I want? A new place, in a new house, amongst new faces, under new circumstances: I want this because it is of no use wanting anything better. How do people do to get a new place? They apply to friends, I suppose: I have no friends. There are many others who have no friends, who must look about for themselves and be their own helpers; and what is their resource?"
helpers - ayudantes; ayudante, ayudador
I could not tell: nothing answered me; I then ordered my brain to find a response, and quickly. It worked and worked faster: I felt the pulses throb in my head and temples; but for nearly an hour it worked in chaos; and no result came of its efforts. Feverish with vain labour, I got up and took a turn in the room; undrew the curtain, noted a star or two, shivered with cold, and again crept to bed.
labour - trabajo, campesinos, trabajadores, parto, trabajar
undrew - Desenfundar
shivered - tembló; temblar, tiritar, estremecerse
A kind fairy, in my absence, had surely dropped the required suggestion on my pillow; for as I lay down, it came quietly and naturally to my mind.-"Those who want situations advertise; you must advertise in the ---shire Herald."
shire - comarca; condado
"How? I know nothing about advertising."
Replies rose smooth and prompt now:-
prompt - rápido, pronto, puntual, pie, entrada, senal, incitar, apuntar
"You must enclose the advertisement and the money to pay for it under a cover directed to the editor of the Herald; you must put it, the first opportunity you have, into the post at Lowton; answers must be addressed to J.E., at the post-office there; you can go and inquire in about a week after you send your letter, if any are come, and act accordingly."
inquire - preguntar; investigar, informarse
This scheme I went over twice, thrice; it was then digested in my mind; I had it in a clear practical form: I felt satisfied, and fell asleep.
scheme - squema; régimen, proyecto, ardid, artimana, maquinación
thrice - tres veces; tres vez
digested - igerido; digerir
With earliest day, I was up: I had my advertisement written, enclosed, and directed before the bell rang to rouse the school; it ran thus:-
rouse - revivir; despertar
"A young lady accustomed to tuition" (had I not been a teacher two years?) "is desirous of meeting with a situation in a private family where the children are under fourteen" (I thought that as I was barely eighteen, it would not do to undertake the guidance of pupils nearer my own age).
tuition - matrícula; colegiatura, ensenanza, clases
desirous - deseoso
barely - apenas
undertake - emprender, acometer
"She is qualified to teach the usual branches of a good English education, together with French, Drawing, and Music" (in those days, reader, this now narrow catalogue of accomplishments, would have been held tolerably comprehensive). "Address, J.E., Post-office, Lowton, ---shire."
catalogue - catálogo, calendario universitario, catalogar
accomplishments - logros; logro, éxito
comprehensive - comprensivo; abarcativo, abarcador, englobante, completo
The succeeding week seemed long: it came to an end at last, however, like all sublunary things, and once more, towards the close of a pleasant autumn day, I found myself afoot on the road to Lowton.
sublunary - Sublunar
afoot - a pie, andando, en curso, en pie, de pie, en marcha
A picturesque track it was, by the way; lying along the side of the beck and through the sweetest curves of the dale: but that day I thought more of the letters, that might or might not be awaiting me at the little burgh whither I was bound, than of the charms of lea and water.
curves - curva, curvas, curvar, encorvar
awaiting - esperando; esperar, aguantar
whither - ?adónde?
charms - encantos; encanto
My ostensible errand on this occasion was to get measured for a pair of shoes; so I discharged that business first, and when it was done, I stepped across the clean and quiet little street from the shoemaker's to the post-office: it was kept by an old dame, who wore horn spectacles on her nose, and black mittens on her hands.
ostensible - ostensible
errand - recado
Shoemaker - zapatero, zapatera
spectacles - gafas; espectáculo, papelón
mittens - guantes; manopla, mitón
"Are there any letters for J.E.?" I asked.
She peered at me over her spectacles, and then she opened a drawer and fumbled among its contents for a long time, so long that my hopes began to falter. At last, having held a document before her glasses for nearly five minutes, she presented it across the counter, accompanying the act by another inquisitive and mistrustful glance-it was for J.E.
peered - miró; par, noble
fumbled - falló; buscar/revolver a tientas/torpemente, manejar torpemente
falter - acilar; dudar
counter - Contador
accompanying - acompanando; acompanar
mistrustful - desconfiado
"Is there only one?" I demanded.
"There are no more," said she; and I put it in my pocket and turned my face homeward: I could not open it then; rules obliged me to be back by eight, and it was already half-past seven.
homeward - hacia casa
Various duties awaited me on my arrival. I had to sit with the girls during their hour of study; then it was my turn to read prayers; to see them to bed: afterwards I supped with the other teachers. Even when we finally retired for the night, the inevitable Miss Gryce was still my companion: we had only a short end of candle in our candlestick, and I dreaded lest she should talk till it was all burnt out; fortunately, however, the heavy supper she had eaten produced a soporific effect: she was already snoring before I had finished undressing.
supped - Qué pasa
inevitable - inevitable
companion - companero; companero, companera
candlestick - vela; candelero, candelabro
burnt out - quemar(se)
soporific - soporífero; somnífero, soporífico
undressing - Desvistiéndote; (undress); desvestirse, desnudarse
There still remained an inch of candle: I now took out my letter; the seal was an initial F.; I broke it; the contents were brief.
inch - pulgada
seal - sello
initial - inicial, iniciales
"If J.E., who advertised in the ---shire Herald of last Thursday, possesses the acquirements mentioned, and if she is in a position to give satisfactory references as to character and competency, a situation can be offered her where there is but one pupil, a little girl, under ten years of age; and where the salary is thirty pounds per annum. J.E. is requested to send references, name, address, and all particulars to the direction:-
possesses - Posees
acquirements - adquisición
satisfactory - satisfactorio
competency - capacidad, checkcualidades, checkcompetencia
per annum - por ano
"Mrs. Fairfax, Thornfield, near Millcote, ---shire."
I examined the document long: the writing was old-fashioned and rather uncertain, like that of an elderly lady. This circumstance was satisfactory: a private fear had haunted me, that in thus acting for myself, and by my own guidance, I ran the risk of getting into some scrape; and, above all things, I wished the result of my endeavours to be respectable, proper, en rčgle. I now felt that an elderly lady was no bad ingredient in the business I had on hand. Mrs. Fairfax! I saw her in a black gown and widow's cap; frigid, perhaps, but not uncivil: a model of elderly English respectability. Thornfield! that, doubtless, was the name of her house: a neat orderly spot, I was sure; though I failed in my efforts to conceive a correct plan of the premises.
endeavours - esfuerzos; esforzarse
rčgle - egle
widow - viuda, enviudar
frigid - frígida; frígido, frío
uncivil - incivil; maleducado, grosero
respectability - respetabilidad
orderly - ordenada; ordenado, metódico, pacífico, camillero
conceive - concebir
premises - ocales; premisa
Millcote, ---shire; I brushed up my recollections of the map of England, yes, I saw it; both the shire and the town. ---shire was seventy miles nearer London than the remote county where I now resided: that was a recommendation to me. I longed to go where there was life and movement: Millcote was a large manufacturing town on the banks of the A-; a busy place enough, doubtless: so much the better; it would be a complete change at least. Not that my fancy was much captivated by the idea of long chimneys and clouds of smoke-"but," I argued, "Thornfield will, probably, be a good way from the town."
resided - Residuos
manufacturing - fabricación, producción; (manufacture); fabricar, producir
captivated - cautivado; cautivar
chimneys - chimeneas; chimenea, tubo
Here the socket of the candle dropped, and the wick went out.
socket - enchufe, toma corriente, toma, cuenca (eye socket), glena
wick - mecha
Next day new steps were to be taken; my plans could no longer be confined to my own breast; I must impart them in order to achieve their success. Having sought and obtained an audience of the superintendent during the noontide recreation, I told her I had a prospect of getting a new situation where the salary would be double what I now received (for at Lowood I only got Ł15 per annum); and requested she would break the matter for me to Mr. Brocklehurst, or some of the committee, and ascertain whether they would permit me to mention them as references. She obligingly consented to act as mediatrix in the matter. The next day she laid the affair before Mr.
confined - confinado; confinar, encorsetar, confín, raya
impart - impartir
noontide - Mediodía
annum - Ano
obligingly - Complacientemente
affair - negocio, asunto, rollo, amorío, aventura
Brocklehurst, who said that Mrs. Reed must be written to, as she was my natural guardian. A note was accordingly addressed to that lady, who returned for answer, that "I might do as I pleased: she had long relinquished all interference in my affairs." This note went the round of the committee, and at last, after what appeared to me most tedious delay, formal leave was given me to better my condition if I could; and an assurance added, that as I had always conducted myself well, both as teacher and pupil, at Lowood, a testimonial of character and capacity, signed by the inspectors of that institution, should forthwith be furnished me.
guardian - guardián, guardia, apoderado, tutor, custodio, jefe
affairs - asuntos; negocio, asunto, rollo, amorío, aventura
tedious - tedioso, prolijo
assurance - seguridad; certidumbre, confianza
testimonial - testimonio; referencias
inspectors - inspectores; inspector
furnished - amueblado; amoblar, amueblar, suministrar, proporcionar, dotar
This testimonial I accordingly received in about a month, forwarded a copy of it to Mrs. Fairfax, and got that lady's reply, stating that she was satisfied, and fixing that day fortnight as the period for my assuming the post of governess in her house.
governess - gobernanta; institutriz
I now busied myself in preparations: the fortnight passed rapidly. I had not a very large wardrobe, though it was adequate to my wants; and the last day sufficed to pack my trunk,-the same I had brought with me eight years ago from Gateshead.
adequate - adecuado
sufficed - suficiente; bastar, alcanzar
The box was corded, the card nailed on. In half-an-hour the carrier was to call for it to take it to Lowton, whither I myself was to repair at an early hour the next morning to meet the coach. I had brushed my black stuff travelling-dress, prepared my bonnet, gloves, and muff; sought in all my drawers to see that no article was left behind; and now having nothing more to do, I sat down and tried to rest.
nailed on - clavado
carrier - transportista, companía de transportes, empresa de transportes
I could not; though I had been on foot all day, I could not now repose an instant; I was too much excited. A phase of my life was closing to-night, a new one opening to-morrow: impossible to slumber in the interval; I must watch feverishly while the change was being accomplished.
phase - fase
slumber - sueno; adormecimiento, adormilamiento, adormecer, adormilar
feverishly - febrilmente
"Miss," said a servant who met me in the lobby, where I was wandering like a troubled spirit, "a person below wishes to see you."
lobby - vestíbulo
"The carrier, no doubt," I thought, and ran downstairs without inquiry. I was passing the back-parlour or teachers'sitting-room, the door of which was half open, to go to the kitchen, when some one ran out-
half open - medio abierto
"It's her, I am sure!-I could have told her anywhere!" cried the individual who stopped my progress and took my hand.
I looked: I saw a woman attired like a well-dressed servant, matronly, yet still young; very good-looking, with black hair and eyes, and lively complexion.
Attired - vestido; atuendo, atavío, ataviar
matronly - matronal, panish: t-needed
"Well, who is it?" she asked, in a voice and with a smile I half recognised; "you've not quite forgotten me, I think, Miss Jane?"
In another second I was embracing and kissing her rapturously: "Bessie! Bessie! Bessie!" that was all I said; whereat she half laughed, half cried, and we both went into the parlour. By the fire stood a little fellow of three years old, in plaid frock and trousers.
embracing - abrazar, abrazo
rapturously - con entusiasmo
"That is my little boy," said Bessie directly.
"Then you are married, Bessie?"
"Yes; nearly five years since to Robert Leaven, the coachman; and I've a little girl besides Bobby there, that I've christened Jane."
Robert - Roberto
Leaven - levadura, polvos de hornear, leudar
"And you don't live at Gateshead?"
"I live at the lodge: the old porter has left."
"Well, and how do they all get on? Tell me everything about them, Bessie: but sit down first; and, Bobby, come and sit on my knee, will you?" but Bobby preferred sidling over to his mother.
"You're not grown so very tall, Miss Jane, nor so very stout," continued Mrs. Leaven. "I dare say they've not kept you too well at school: Miss Reed is the head and shoulders taller than you are; and Miss Georgiana would make two of you in breadth."
"Georgiana is handsome, I suppose, Bessie?"
"Very. She went up to London last winter with her mama, and there everybody admired her, and a young lord fell in love with her: but his relations were against the match; and-what do you think?-he and Miss Georgiana made it up to run away; but they were found out and stopped. It was Miss Reed that found them out: I believe she was envious; and now she and her sister lead a cat and dog life together; they are always quarrelling-"
envious - envidioso, receloso
"Well, and what of John Reed?"
"Oh, he is not doing so well as his mama could wish. He went to college, and he got-plucked, I think they call it: and then his uncles wanted him to be a barrister, and study the law: but he is such a dissipated young man, they will never make much of him, I think."
plucked - desplumado; herir, desplumar, perseverancia
barrister - abogado; legalista
"What does he look like?"
"He is very tall: some people call him a fine-looking young man; but he has such thick lips."
thick lips - Los labios gruesos
"And Mrs. Reed?"
"Missis looks stout and well enough in the face, but I think she's not quite easy in her mind: Mr. John's conduct does not please her-he spends a deal of money."
"Did she send you here, Bessie?"
"No, indeed: but I have long wanted to see you, and when I heard that there had been a letter from you, and that you were going to another part of the country, I thought I'd just set off, and get a look at you before you were quite out of my reach."
"I am afraid you are disappointed in me, Bessie." I said this laughing: I perceived that Bessie's glance, though it expressed regard, did in no shape denote admiration.
denote - senalar, denotar, marcar, revelar, significar
"No, Miss Jane, not exactly: you are genteel enough; you look like a lady, and it is as much as ever I expected of you: you were no beauty as a child."
I smiled at Bessie's frank answer: I felt that it was correct, but I confess I was not quite indifferent to its import: at eighteen most people wish to please, and the conviction that they have not an exterior likely to second that desire brings anything but gratification.
confess - confesar, panish: t-needed
"I dare say you are clever, though," continued Bessie, by way of solace. "What can you do? Can you play on the piano?"
There was one in the room; Bessie went and opened it, and then asked me to sit down and give her a tune: I played a waltz or two, and she was charmed.
tune - melodía, tonada, afinar, sintonizar
waltz - vals, valsar, bailar vals
charmed - encantado; encanto
"The Miss Reeds could not play as well!" said she exultingly. "I always said you would surpass them in learning: and can you draw?"
exultingly - exultantemente
surpass - sobrepasar, superar, aventajar
"That is one of my paintings over the chimney-piece." It was a landscape in water colours, of which I had made a present to the superintendent, in acknowledgment of her obliging mediation with the committee on my behalf, and which she had framed and glazed.
landscape - paisaje, apaisado, horizontal
obliging - complaciente; obligar
mediation - mediación
"Well, that is beautiful, Miss Jane! It is as fine a picture as any Miss Reed's drawing-master could paint, let alone the young ladies themselves, who could not come near it: and have you learnt French?"
come near - acercarse
"Yes, Bessie, I can both read it and speak it."
"And you can work on muslin and canvas?"
canvas - lienzo; lona
"Oh, you are quite a lady, Miss Jane! I knew you would be: you will get on whether your relations notice you or not. There was something I wanted to ask you. Have you ever heard anything from your father's kinsfolk, the Eyres?"
kinsfolk - Parientes
Eyres - yre
"Never in my life."
"Well, you know Missis always said they were poor and quite despicable: and they may be poor; but I believe they are as much gentry as the Reeds are; for one day, nearly seven years ago, a Mr. Eyre came to Gateshead and wanted to see you; Missis said you were at school fifty miles off; he seemed so much disappointed, for he could not stay: he was going on a voyage to a foreign country, and the ship was to sail from London in a day or two.
despicable - desdenable, despreciable, bajo, rastrero
He looked quite a gentleman, and I believe he was your father's brother."
"What foreign country was he going to, Bessie?"
"An island thousands of miles off, where they make wine-the butler did tell me-"
"Madeira?" I suggested.
"Yes, that is it-that is the very word."
"So he went?"
"Yes; he did not stay many minutes in the house: Missis was very high with him; she called him afterwards a 'sneaking tradesman.' My Robert believes he was a wine-merchant."
tradesman - obrero; artesano
merchant - comerciante, mercader
"Very likely," I returned; "or perhaps clerk or agent to a wine-merchant."
clerk - clérigo, oficinista, secretario, escribiente
A new chapter in a novel is something like a new scene in a play; and when I draw up the curtain this time, reader, you must fancy you see a room in the George Inn at Millcote, with such large figured papering on the walls as inn rooms have; such a carpet, such furniture, such ornaments on the mantelpiece, such prints, including a portrait of George the Third, and another of the Prince of Wales, and a representation of the death of Wolfe.
George - Jorge
mantelpiece - mantel; repisa
Wales - Gales, País de Gales; (wale); Gales, País de Gales
representation - representación
All this is visible to you by the light of an oil lamp hanging from the ceiling, and by that of an excellent fire, near which I sit in my cloak and bonnet; my muff and umbrella lie on the table, and I am warming away the numbness and chill contracted by sixteen hours'exposure to the rawness of an October day: I left Lowton at four o'clock a.m., and the Millcote town clock is now just striking eight.
numbness - entumecimiento
contracted - contratado; contraer
exposure - exposición, exposición, checkpublicidad, checkdenuncia
rawness - crudeza
Reader, though I look comfortably accommodated, I am not very tranquil in my mind. I thought when the coach stopped here there would be some one to meet me; I looked anxiously round as I descended the wooden steps the "boots" placed for my convenience, expecting to hear my name pronounced, and to see some description of carriage waiting to convey me to Thornfield.
accommodated - comodado; acomodar, acoger, albergar, satisfacer, adaptar
anxiously - ansioso; con inquietud, con ansiedad, ansiosamente
convenience - conveniencia, comodidad
convey - transmitir; transportar, trasladar, comunicar, expresar
Nothing of the sort was visible; and when I asked a waiter if any one had been to inquire after a Miss Eyre, I was answered in the negative: so I had no resource but to request to be shown into a private room: and here I am waiting, while all sorts of doubts and fears are troubling my thoughts.
inquire after - preguntarle a alguien por
"Is there a place in this neighbourhood called Thornfield?" I asked of the waiter who answered the summons.
"Thornfield? I don't know, ma'am; I'll inquire at the bar." He vanished, but reappeared instantly-
reappeared - reapareció; reaparecer
"Is your name Eyre, Miss?"
"Person here waiting for you."
I jumped up, took my muff and umbrella, and hastened into the inn-passage: a man was standing by the open door, and in the lamp-lit street I dimly saw a one-horse conveyance.
"This will be your luggage, I suppose?" said the man rather abruptly when he saw me, pointing to my trunk in the passage.
luggage - equipaje
"Yes." He hoisted it on to the vehicle, which was a sort of car, and then I got in; before he shut me up, I asked him how far it was to Thornfield.
"A matter of six miles."
"How long shall we be before we get there?"
"Happen an hour and a half."
He fastened the car door, climbed to his own seat outside, and we set off. Our progress was leisurely, and gave me ample time to reflect; I was content to be at length so near the end of my journey; and as I leaned back in the comfortable though not elegant conveyance, I meditated much at my ease.
leisurely - con calma
elegant - elegante, chic
meditated - meditado; meditar
"I suppose," thought I, "judging from the plainness of the servant and carriage, Mrs. Fairfax is not a very dashing person: so much the better; I never lived amongst fine people but once, and I was very miserable with them. I wonder if she lives alone except this little girl; if so, and if she is in any degree amiable, I shall surely be able to get on with her; I will do my best; it is a pity that doing one's best does not always answer.
dashing - legante; raya, guion largo, carrerita, gota, pizca, lanzarse
At Lowood, indeed, I took that resolution, kept it, and succeeded in pleasing; but with Mrs. Reed, I remember my best was always spurned with scorn. I pray God Mrs. Fairfax may not turn out a second Mrs. Reed; but if she does, I am not bound to stay with her! let the worst come to the worst, I can advertise again. How far are we on our road now, I wonder?"
resolution - resolución, panish: t-needed
I let down the window and looked out; Millcote was behind us; judging by the number of its lights, it seemed a place of considerable magnitude, much larger than Lowton. We were now, as far as I could see, on a sort of common; but there were houses scattered all over the district; I felt we were in a different region to Lowood, more populous, less picturesque; more stirring, less romantic.
magnitude - magnitud, norma
district - distrito, distrito
populous - popular; poblado, populoso
The roads were heavy, the night misty; my conductor let his horse walk all the way, and the hour and a half extended, I verily believe, to two hours; at last he turned in his seat and said-
conductor - director, revisor, guarda, inspector, conductor
verily - verdaderamente, de verdad, de veras, realmente
"You're noan so far fro'Thornfield now."
Again I looked out: we were passing a church; I saw its low broad tower against the sky, and its bell was tolling a quarter; I saw a narrow galaxy of lights too, on a hillside, marking a village or hamlet. About ten minutes after, the driver got down and opened a pair of gates: we passed through, and they clashed to behind us. We now slowly ascended a drive, and came upon the long front of a house: candlelight gleamed from one curtained bow-window; all the rest were dark.
tolling - eaje; taner, doblar
galaxy - galaxia
hillside - adera; falda
hamlet - aldehuela, caserío, aldea, villar
clashed - chocaron; estruendo, escaramuza
ascended - ascendió; subir, ascender
bow - arco; inclinar(se), hacer una reverencia
The car stopped at the front door; it was opened by a maid-servant; I alighted and went in.
"Will you walk this way, ma'am?" said the girl; and I followed her across a square hall with high doors all round: she ushered me into a room whose double illumination of fire and candle at first dazzled me, contrasting as it did with the darkness to which my eyes had been for two hours inured; when I could see, however, a cosy and agreeable picture presented itself to my view.
ushered - acompanado; acomodador, acomodadora, gloss rotestant churches
illumination - iluminación, ilustración
Inured - enfermo; acostumbrar, habituar, avezar
cosy - acogedor, hogareno, cubierta tejida
A snug small room; a round table by a cheerful fire; an arm-chair high-backed and old-fashioned, wherein sat the neatest imaginable little elderly lady, in widow's cap, black silk gown, and snowy muslin apron; exactly like what I had fancied Mrs. Fairfax, only less stately and milder looking. She was occupied in knitting; a large cat sat demurely at her feet; nothing in short was wanting to complete the beau-ideal of domestic comfort.
snug - cómodo, confortable, ajustado, cenido
neatest - más limpio; pulcro, ordenado
imaginable - imaginable, concebible
apron - delantal, mandil
knitting - tejer; punto, labor de punto; (knit); hacer punto, tricotar
demurely - con recato
domestic - doméstico, nacional, empleada doméstica, empleada, malos tratos
A more reassuring introduction for a new governess could scarcely be conceived; there was no grandeur to overwhelm, no stateliness to embarrass; and then, as I entered, the old lady got up and promptly and kindly came forward to meet me.
reassuring - tranquilizador; tranquilizar, reasegurar
conceived - concebido; concebir
overwhelm - avasallar; agobiar, abrumar, checkagobiar
stateliness - Estidad
embarrass - avergonzar, abochornar, sonrojar, humillar
"How do you do, my dear? I am afraid you have had a tedious ride; John drives so slowly; you must be cold, come to the fire."
be cold - estar frío, tener frío
"Mrs. Fairfax, I suppose?" said I.
"Yes, you are right: do sit down."
She conducted me to her own chair, and then began to remove my shawl and untie my bonnet-strings; I begged she would not give herself so much trouble.
Untie - desatar, desamarrar, desligar, soltar, desatarse
"Oh, it is no trouble; I dare say your own hands are almost numbed with cold. Leah, make a little hot negus and cut a sandwich or two: here are the keys of the storeroom."
storeroom - almacén, bodega
And she produced from her pocket a most housewifely bunch of keys, and delivered them to the servant.
housewifely - amas de casa
"Now, then, draw nearer to the fire," she continued. "You've brought your luggage with you, haven't you, my dear?"
"I'll see it carried into your room," she said, and bustled out.
bustled - buscado; polisón, abundar
"She treats me like a visitor," thought I. "I little expected such a reception; I anticipated only coldness and stiffness: this is not like what I have heard of the treatment of governesses; but I must not exult too soon."
anticipated - previsto; anticipar, prever
stiffness - rigidez, inflexibilidad, agujetas
governesses - gobernantas; institutriz
She returned; with her own hands cleared her knitting apparatus and a book or two from the table, to make room for the tray which Leah now brought, and then herself handed me the refreshments.
apparatus - aparato, equipo, aparataje
I felt rather confused at being the object of more attention than I had ever before received, and, that too, shown by my employer and superior; but as she did not herself seem to consider she was doing anything out of her place, I thought it better to take her civilities quietly.
superior - superior, superior
civilities - civilidades; civismo, civilidad
"Shall I have the pleasure of seeing Miss Fairfax to-night?" I asked, when I had partaken of what she offered me.
partaken - participado; participar
"What did you say, my dear? I am a little deaf," returned the good lady, approaching her ear to my mouth.
I repeated the question more distinctly.
"Miss Fairfax? Oh, you mean Miss Varens! Varens is the name of your future pupil."
"Indeed! Then she is not your daughter?"
"No,-I have no family."
I should have followed up my first inquiry, by asking in what way Miss Varens was connected with her; but I recollected it was not polite to ask too many questions: besides, I was sure to hear in time.
recollected - recuerdas; recordar, acordarse de
polite to - amable con
"I am so glad," she continued, as she sat down opposite to me, and took the cat on her knee; "I am so glad you are come; it will be quite pleasant living here now with a companion. To be sure it is pleasant at any time; for Thornfield is a fine old hall, rather neglected of late years perhaps, but still it is a respectable place; yet you know in winter-time one feels dreary quite alone in the best quarters. I say alone-Leah is a nice girl to be sure, and John and his wife are very decent people; but then you see they are only servants, and one can't converse with them on terms of equality: one must keep them at due distance, for fear of losing one's authority.
decent - decente
I'm sure last winter (it was a very severe one, if you recollect, and when it did not snow, it rained and blew), not a creature but the butcher and postman came to the house, from November till February; and I really got quite melancholy with sitting night after night alone; I had Leah in to read to me sometimes; but I don't think the poor girl liked the task much: she felt it confining. In spring and summer one got on better: sunshine and long days make such a difference; and then, just at the commencement of this autumn, little Adela Varens came and her nurse: a child makes a house alive all at once; and now you are here I shall be quite gay."
recollect - recuerdas; recordar, acordarse de
butcher - carnicero; (butch) carnicero
postman - cartero
confining - confinamiento; confinar, encorsetar, confín, raya
My heart really warmed to the worthy lady as I heard her talk; and I drew my chair a little nearer to her, and expressed my sincere wish that she might find my company as agreeable as she anticipated.
"But I'll not keep you sitting up late to-night," said she; "it is on the stroke of twelve now, and you have been travelling all day: you must feel tired. If you have got your feet well warmed, I'll show you your bedroom. I've had the room next to mine prepared for you; it is only a small apartment, but I thought you would like it better than one of the large front chambers: to be sure they have finer furniture, but they are so dreary and solitary, I never sleep in them myself.
stroke - ictus; golpe
I thanked her for her considerate choice, and as I really felt fatigued with my long journey, expressed my readiness to retire. She took her candle, and I followed her from the room. First she went to see if the hall-door was fastened; having taken the key from the lock, she led the way upstairs. The steps and banisters were of oak; the staircase window was high and latticed; both it and the long gallery into which the bedroom doors opened looked as if they belonged to a church rather than a house.
considerate - considerado
fatigued - fatigado; fatiga, fatigar, acosar
readiness - preparados; preparación
banisters - barandillas; barandilla
A very chill and vault-like air pervaded the stairs and gallery, suggesting cheerless ideas of space and solitude; and I was glad, when finally ushered into my chamber, to find it of small dimensions, and furnished in ordinary, modern style.
cheerless - Sin alegría
dimensions - dimensiones; dimensión
When Mrs. Fairfax had bidden me a kind good-night, and I had fastened my door, gazed leisurely round, and in some measure effaced the eerie impression made by that wide hall, that dark and spacious staircase, and that long, cold gallery, by the livelier aspect of my little room, I remembered that, after a day of bodily fatigue and mental anxiety, I was now at last in safe haven. The impulse of gratitude swelled my heart, and I knelt down at the bedside, and offered up thanks where thanks were due; not forgetting, ere I rose, to implore aid on my further path, and the power of meriting the kindness which seemed so frankly offered me before it was earned.
bidden - obligado; pujar, hacer una oferta
gratitude - gratitud
knelt - de rodillas; arrodillarse
bedside - al lado de la cama
implore - implorar
meriting - merecer; mérito, merecimiento, meritar
frankly - francamente
My couch had no thorns in it that night; my solitary room no fears. At once weary and content, I slept soon and soundly: when I awoke it was broad day.
couch - un sofá; sofá, canapé
The chamber looked such a bright little place to me as the sun shone in between the gay blue chintz window curtains, showing papered walls and a carpeted floor, so unlike the bare planks and stained plaster of Lowood, that my spirits rose at the view. Externals have a great effect on the young: I thought that a fairer era of life was beginning for me, one that was to have its flowers and pleasures, as well as its thorns and toils.
little place - lugar pequeno
carpeted floor - piso alfombrado
planks - placas; tablón, artículo, entablar
stained - manchado; mancha, lamparón, tacha, mancilla, colorante
plaster - esparadrapo; ungüento, yeso, escayola, enlucido, revoque
externals - xternos; externo
era - época, era, período
toils - trabajos; esfuerzo, labrar, trabajar
My faculties, roused by the change of scene, the new field offered to hope, seemed all astir. I cannot precisely define what they expected, but it was something pleasant: not perhaps that day or that month, but at an indefinite future period.
I rose; I dressed myself with care: obliged to be plain-for I had no article of attire that was not made with extreme simplicity-I was still by nature solicitous to be neat. It was not my habit to be disregardful of appearance or careless of the impression I made: on the contrary, I ever wished to look as well as I could, and to please as much as my want of beauty would permit. I sometimes regretted that I was not handsomer; I sometimes wished to have rosy cheeks, a straight nose, and small cherry mouth; I desired to be tall, stately, and finely developed in figure; I felt it a misfortune that I was so little, so pale, and had features so irregular and so marked. And why had I these aspirations and these regrets? It would be difficult to say: I could not then distinctly say it to myself; yet I had a reason, and a logical, natural reason too. However, when I had brushed my hair very smooth, and put on my black frock-which, Quakerlike as it was, at least had the merit of fitting to a nicety-and adjusted my clean white tucker, I thought I should do respectably enough to appear before Mrs. Fairfax, and that my new pupil would not at least recoil from me with antipathy.
simplicity - simplicidad, sencillez, llano
disregardful - despreocupado
handsomer - más guapo; apuesto, guapo, de buen parecer, lindo
rosy - Rosa
finely - Finamente
misfortune - infortunio, gafe, mala suerte, desgracia
aspirations - aspiración
regrets - se arrepiente; lamentar, pena, pesar, arrepentimiento
logical - lógico
respectably - respetablemente, dignamente
recoil - retroceso, echarse atrás, recular
Having opened my chamber window, and seen that I left all things straight and neat on the toilet table, I ventured forth.
Traversing the long and matted gallery, I descended the slippery steps of oak; then I gained the hall: I halted there a minute; I looked at some pictures on the walls (one, I remember, represented a grim man in a cuirass, and one a lady with powdered hair and a pearl necklace), at a bronze lamp pendent from the ceiling, at a great clock whose case was of oak curiously carved, and ebon black with time and rubbing. Everything appeared very stately and imposing to me; but then I was so little accustomed to grandeur. The hall-door, which was half of glass, stood open; I stepped over the threshold. It was a fine autumn morning; the early sun shone serenely on embrowned groves and still green fields; advancing on to the lawn, I looked up and surveyed the front of the mansion. It was three storeys high, of proportions not vast, though considerable: a gentleman's manor-house, not a nobleman's seat: battlements round the top gave it a picturesque look.
traversing - atravesando; (traverse); atravesar, recorrer
matted - mateado; estera, felpudo
slippery - resbaladizo, escurridizo, resbaloso
halted - detenido; parar, detener
cuirass - coraza
necklace - collar
bronze - bronce, broncíneo, broncínea, éneo, bronceado, tostado, pavonar
curiously - con curiosidad; curiosamente
ebon - Ébano
rubbing - Frotar; (rub); frotación, frotamiento, frote, frotar
stood open - estar abierto
threshold - umbral, entrada, límite
groves - arboledas; arboleda
advancing - avanzando; avanzar, progresar, avance, progreso, adelanto
storeys - pisos; piso
proportions - proporciones; proporción
Manor - mansión; finca
nobleman - noble
battlements - lmenas; almenaje
Its grey front stood out well from the background of a rookery, whose cawing tenants were now on the wing: they flew over the lawn and grounds to alight in a great meadow, from which these were separated by a sunk fence, and where an array of mighty old thorn trees, strong, knotty, and broad as oaks, at once explained the etymology of the mansion's designation. Farther off were hills: not so lofty as those round Lowood, nor so craggy, nor so like barriers of separation from the living world; but yet quiet and lonely hills enough, and seeming to embrace Thornfield with a seclusion I had not expected to find existent so near the stirring locality of Millcote. A little hamlet, whose roofs were blent with trees, straggled up the side of one of these hills; the church of the district stood nearer Thornfield: its old tower-top looked over a knoll between the house and gates.
cawing - Gruidos; (caw); graznido, graznar
tenants - arrendatarios; inquilino, arrendatario
flew over - volar por encima de
alight - se enciende; apearse de
meadow - pradera; prado, vega
array - atavío, galas, distribución, ristra, gama, vector, arreglo
thorn - espina, thorn
knotty - nudoso
oaks - robles; roble, encina, carrasca
etymology - etimología
designation - designación
lofty - altivo; majestuoso
craggy - escarpado
barriers - obstáculos; barrera, límite
existent - existente
locality - vecindario, vecindarios, localidad
blent - blent; mezcla, mezclar, combinar
I was yet enjoying the calm prospect and pleasant fresh air, yet listening with delight to the cawing of the rooks, yet surveying the wide, hoary front of the hall, and thinking what a great place it was for one lonely little dame like Mrs. Fairfax to inhabit, when that lady appeared at the door.
rooks - torres; grajo
inhabit - habitar, morar, vivir
"What! out already?" said she. "I see you are an early riser." I went up to her, and was received with an affable kiss and shake of the hand.
early riser - mayor madrugador
affable - afable, amable, tranquilo
"How do you like Thornfield?" she asked. I told her I liked it very much.
"Yes," she said, "it is a pretty place; but I fear it will be getting out of order, unless Mr. Rochester should take it into his head to come and reside here permanently; or, at least, visit it rather oftener: great houses and fine grounds require the presence of the proprietor."
reside - residir
Proprietor - propietario
"Mr. Rochester!" I exclaimed. "Who is he?"
"The owner of Thornfield," she responded quietly. "Did you not know he was called Rochester?"
Of course I did not-I had never heard of him before; but the old lady seemed to regard his existence as a universally understood fact, with which everybody must be acquainted by instinct.
acquainted - conocido; dar a conocer, familiarizar
"I thought," I continued, "Thornfield belonged to you."
"To me? Bless you, child; what an idea! To me! I am only the housekeeper-the manager. To be sure I am distantly related to the Rochesters by the mother's side, or at least my husband was; he was a clergyman, incumbent of Hay-that little village yonder on the hill-and that church near the gates was his. The present Mr.
incumbent - el titular; obligatorio, competente, titular
Hay - heno
yonder - de allá, aquel, aquella
Rochester's mother was a Fairfax, and second cousin to my husband: but I never presume on the connection-in fact, it is nothing to me; I consider myself quite in the light of an ordinary housekeeper: my employer is always civil, and I expect nothing more."
civil - civil
"And the little girl-my pupil!"
"She is Mr. Rochester's ward; he commissioned me to find a governess for her. He intended to have her brought up in ---shire, I believe. Here she comes, with her 'bonne,'as she calls her nurse." The enigma then was explained: this affable and kind little widow was no great dame; but a dependant like myself.
ward - pabellón; sala
enigma - enigma
dependant - dependiente
I did not like her the worse for that; on the contrary, I felt better pleased than ever. The equality between her and me was real; not the mere result of condescension on her part: so much the better-my position was all the freer.
As I was meditating on this discovery, a little girl, followed by her attendant, came running up the lawn. I looked at my pupil, who did not at first appear to notice me: she was quite a child, perhaps seven or eight years old, slightly built, with a pale, small-featured face, and a redundancy of hair falling in curls to her waist.
meditating - meditando; meditar
redundancy - redundancia, superabundancia
"Good morning, Miss Adela," said Mrs. Fairfax. "Come and speak to the lady who is to teach you, and to make you a clever woman some day." She approached.
"C'est lŕ ma gouverante!" said she, pointing to me, and addressing her nurse; who answered-
lŕ - la
gouverante - Gobernante
"Mais oui, certainement."
certainement - Seguro
"Are they foreigners?" I inquired, amazed at hearing the French language.
foreigners - extranjeros; extranjero, extranjera, forastero, fuereno
"The nurse is a foreigner, and Adela was born on the Continent; and, I believe, never left it till within six months ago. When she first came here she could speak no English; now she can make shift to talk it a little: I don't understand her, she mixes it so with French; but you will make out her meaning very well, I dare say."
"Ah!" cried she, in French, "you speak my language as well as Mr. Rochester does: I can talk to you as I can to him, and so can Sophie. She will be glad: nobody here understands her: Madame Fairfax is all English. Sophie is my nurse; she came with me over the sea in a great ship with a chimney that smoked-how it did smoke!
and I was sick, and so was Sophie, and so was Mr. Rochester. Mr. Rochester lay down on a sofa in a pretty room called the salon, and Sophie and I had little beds in another place. I nearly fell out of mine; it was like a shelf. And Mademoiselle-what is your name?"
salon - salón, sala
"Aire? Bah! I cannot say it. Well, our ship stopped in the morning, before it was quite daylight, at a great city-a huge city, with very dark houses and all smoky; not at all like the pretty clean town I came from; and Mr. Rochester carried me in his arms over a plank to the land, and Sophie came after, and we all got into a coach, which took us to a beautiful large house, larger than this and finer, called an hotel. We stayed there nearly a week: I and Sophie used to walk every day in a great green place full of trees, called the Park; and there were many children there besides me, and a pond with beautiful birds in it, that I fed with crumbs.
plank - placa; tablón, artículo, entablar
pond - estanque
"Can you understand her when she runs on so fast?" asked Mrs. Fairfax.
I understood her very well, for I had been accustomed to the fluent tongue of Madame Pierrot.
fluent - con fluidez; fluido
"I wish," continued the good lady, "you would ask her a question or two about her parents: I wonder if she remembers them?"
"Adčle," I inquired, "with whom did you live when you were in that pretty clean town you spoke of?"
"I lived long ago with mama; but she is gone to the Holy Virgin. Mama used to teach me to dance and sing, and to say verses. A great many gentlemen and ladies came to see mama, and I used to dance before them, or to sit on their knees and sing to them: I liked it. Shall I let you hear me sing now?"
holy - santo, sagrado
Virgin - virgen, doncel, doncella, senorita
verses - versos; estrofa
She had finished her breakfast, so I permitted her to give a specimen of her accomplishments. descending from her chair, she came and placed herself on my knee; then, folding her little hands demurely before her, shaking back her curls and lifting her eyes to the ceiling, she commenced singing a song from some opera.
specimen - espécimen, ejemplar
descending from - descendiendo de
opera - ópera; (opus) ópera
It was the strain of a forsaken lady, who, after bewailing the perfidy of her lover, calls pride to her aid; desires her attendant to deck her in her brightest jewels and richest robes, and resolves to meet the false one that night at a ball, and prove to him, by the gaiety of her demeanour, how little his desertion has affected her.
strain - tensión; estirar, tensar
forsaken - abandonado; abandonar
bewailing - Lamentando; (bewail); lamentar
perfidy - pérfidia; perfidia
lover - amante
desires - deseos; desear, deseo, gana
deck - baraja
jewels - joyas; gema, joya, alhaja, rubí
robes - togas; bata, hábito, toga
Resolves - resuelve; tomar la decisión de, resolver
demeanour - conducta, comportamiento
desertion - deserción
The subject seemed strangely chosen for an infant singer; but I suppose the point of the exhibition lay in hearing the notes of love and jealousy warbled with the lisp of childhood; and in very bad taste that point was: at least I thought so.
jealousy - celo, celos, envidia
warbled - warbled; trinar, gorjear
lisp - ceceo, balbuceo, cecear, balbucear
Adčle sang the canzonette tunefully enough, and with the naďveté of her age. This achieved, she jumped from my knee and said, "Now, Mademoiselle, I will repeat you some poetry."
tunefully - con buen humor
naďveté - ingenuidad
Assuming an attitude, she began, "La Ligue des Rats: fable de La Fontaine." She then declaimed the little piece with an attention to punctuation and emphasis, a flexibility of voice and an appropriateness of gesture, very unusual indeed at her age, and which proved she had been carefully trained.
rats - ratas; rata
fable - fábula
declaimed - declamado; declamar
punctuation - puntuación
emphasis - énfasis, hincapié
flexibility - flexibilidad
appropriateness - es apropiado; idoneidad, propiedad, pertinencia
"Was it your mama who taught you that piece?" I asked.
"Yes, and she just used to say it in this way: 'Qu'avez vous donc? lui dit un de ces rats; parlez!' She made me lift my hand-so-to remind me to raise my voice at the question. Now shall I dance for you?"
avez - vez
un - ONU
ces - es; E.C
parlez - arlez
"No, that will do: but after your mama went to the Holy Virgin, as you say, with whom did you live then?"
"With Madame Frédéric and her husband: she took care of me, but she is nothing related to me. I think she is poor, for she had not so fine a house as mama. I was not long there. Mr. Rochester asked me if I would like to go and live with him in England, and I said yes; for I knew Mr.
Rochester before I knew Madame Frédéric, and he was always kind to me and gave me pretty dresses and toys: but you see he has not kept his word, for he has brought me to England, and now he is gone back again himself, and I never see him."
After breakfast, Adčle and I withdrew to the library, which room, it appears, Mr. Rochester had directed should be used as the schoolroom.
Most of the books were locked up behind glass doors; but there was one bookcase left open containing everything that could be needed in the way of elementary works, and several volumes of light literature, poetry, biography, travels, a few romances, &c. I suppose he had considered that these were all the governess would require for her private perusal; and, indeed, they contented me amply for the present; compared with the scanty pickings I had now and then been able to glean at Lowood, they seemed to offer an abundant harvest of entertainment and information. In this room, too, there was a cabinet piano, quite new and of superior tone; also an easel for painting and a pair of globes.
left open - dejado abierto
elementary - elemental, primaria
volumes - volúmenes; volumen
biography - biografía
romances - romances; romance
amply - ampliamente, con creces
pickings - Recogiendo
glean - espigar; recoger, recopilar
harvest - cosecha, cosechar
cabinet - armario, gabinete, vestidor, consejo
easel - caballete, atril
I found my pupil sufficiently docile, though disinclined to apply: she had not been used to regular occupation of any kind. I felt it would be injudicious to confine her too much at first; so, when I had talked to her a great deal, and got her to learn a little, and when the morning had advanced to noon, I allowed her to return to her nurse.
docile - dócil
disinclined - Desinclinarse
regular occupation - Ocupación habitual
confine - confinar, encorsetar, confín, raya
I then proposed to occupy myself till dinner-time in drawing some little sketches for her use.
proposed - propuesta; proponer, pedir la mano, pedir matrimonio
occupy - ocupar
sketches - esbozos; bosquejar, esbozar, pergenar, esbozo, bosquejo
As I was going upstairs to fetch my portfolio and pencils, Mrs. Fairfax called to me: "Your morning school-hours are over now, I suppose," said she.
portfolio - portafolio, portafolios, carpeta de trabajos, cartera
She was in a room the folding-doors of which stood open: I went in when she addressed me. It was a large, stately apartment, with purple chairs and curtains, a Turkey carpet, walnut-panelled walls, one vast window rich in slanted glass, and a lofty ceiling, nobly moulded. Mrs. Fairfax was dusting some vases of fine purple spar, which stood on a sideboard.
folding-doors - (folding-doors) puertas plegables
turkey - pavo, chompipe
walnut - nogal, noguera, nuez
panelled - panelado; panel, vineta, entrepano
slanted - inclinada; inclinación
nobly - noblemente
moulded - moldeado; mantillo
vases - jarrones; jarrón, florero, vasija
spar - chispa; palo, verga
sideboard - aparador, panish: t-needed
"What a beautiful room!" I exclaimed, as I looked round; for I had never before seen any half so imposing.
"Yes; this is the dining-room. I have just opened the window, to let in a little air and sunshine; for everything gets so damp in apartments that are seldom inhabited; the drawing-room yonder feels like a vault."
dining - cenar
inhabited - habitado; habitar, morar, vivir
She pointed to a wide arch corresponding to the window, and hung like it with a Tyrian-dyed curtain, now looped up. Mounting to it by two broad steps, and looking through, I thought I caught a glimpse of a fairy place, so bright to my novice-eyes appeared the view beyond.
arch - arco; bóveda
dyed - tenido; tenir
looped - en bucle; lazo, lazada, gaza, recodo
mounting - Montaje; (mount) Montaje
Glimpse - un vistazo; atisbo, entrever, atisbar, vislumbrar, ojear
novice - novato; novicio
Yet it was merely a very pretty drawing-room, and within it a boudoir, both spread with white carpets, on which seemed laid brilliant garlands of flowers; both ceiled with snowy mouldings of white grapes and vine-leaves, beneath which glowed in rich contrast crimson couches and ottomans; while the ornaments on the pale Parian mantelpiece were of sparkling Bohemian glass, ruby red; and between the windows large mirrors repeated the general blending of snow and fire.
merely - simplemente; meramente, puramente, solamente, sólo
garlands - guirnaldas; guirnalda, galardón, marco de honor
mouldings - Moldeo
grapes - uvas; uva
vine - vid, trepadora, enredadera
couches - camas; sofá, canapé
Bohemian - bohemio, bohemia
ruby - rubí
blending - mezcla; (blend); mezcla, mezclar, combinar
"In what order you keep these rooms, Mrs. Fairfax!" said I. "No dust, no canvas coverings: except that the air feels chilly, one would think they were inhabited daily."
coverings - Cubriendo
"Why, Miss Eyre, though Mr. Rochester's visits here are rare, they are always sudden and unexpected; and as I observed that it put him out to find everything swathed up, and to have a bustle of arrangement on his arrival, I thought it best to keep the rooms in readiness."
unexpected - inesperado, inopinado
swathed - envainada; envolver; vendar
bustle - tiempo; polisón, abundar
"Is Mr. Rochester an exacting, fastidious sort of man?"
fastidious - astidioso; cicatero, quisquilloso, regodeón
"Not particularly so; but he has a gentleman's tastes and habits, and he expects to have things managed in conformity to them."
"Do you like him? Is he generally liked?"
"Oh, yes; the family have always been respected here. Almost all the land in this neighbourhood, as far as you can see, has belonged to the Rochesters time out of mind."
"Well, but, leaving his land out of the question, do you like him? Is he liked for himself?"
"I have no cause to do otherwise than like him; and I believe he is considered a just and liberal landlord by his tenants: but he has never lived much amongst them."
liberal - liberal, liberal, libertario, libertaria
landlord - propietario; arrendador, casero
"But has he no peculiarities? What, in short, is his character?"
peculiarities - particularidades; peculiaridad
"Oh! his character is unimpeachable, I suppose. He is rather peculiar, perhaps: he has travelled a great deal, and seen a great deal of the world, I should think. I dare say he is clever, but I never had much conversation with him."
unimpeachable - impepinable
peculiar - particular; peculiar, raro, específico
"In what way is he peculiar?"
"I don't know-it is not easy to describe-nothing striking, but you feel it when he speaks to you; you cannot be always sure whether he is in jest or earnest, whether he is pleased or the contrary; you don't thoroughly understand him, in short-at least, I don't: but it is of no consequence, he is a very good master."
jest - bromea; broma
This was all the account I got from Mrs. Fairfax of her employer and mine. There are people who seem to have no notion of sketching a character, or observing and describing salient points, either in persons or things: the good lady evidently belonged to this class; my queries puzzled, but did not draw her out.
sketching - bocetos; bosquejar, esbozar, pergenar, esbozo, bosquejo
observing - observando; observar, seguir, tomar en cuenta
queries - preguntas; consulta, pregunta, interrogante, preguntar
Mr. Rochester was Mr. Rochester in her eyes; a gentleman, a landed proprietor-nothing more: she inquired and searched no further, and evidently wondered at my wish to gain a more definite notion of his identity.
When we left the dining-room, she proposed to show me over the rest of the house; and I followed her upstairs and downstairs, admiring as I went; for all was well arranged and handsome. The large front chambers I thought especially grand: and some of the third-storey rooms, though dark and low, were interesting from their air of antiquity. The furniture once appropriated to the lower apartments had from time to time been removed here, as fashions changed: and the imperfect light entering by their narrow casement showed bedsteads of a hundred years old; chests in oak or walnut, looking, with their strange carvings of palm branches and cherubs'heads, like types of the Hebrew ark; rows of venerable chairs, high-backed and narrow; stools still more antiquated, on whose cushioned tops were yet apparent traces of half-effaced embroideries, wrought by fingers that for two generations had been coffin-dust.
grand - grande; magnífico, espléndido, imponente
storey - piso
ark - arca
antiquity - antigüedad
appropriated - apropiado, adecuado, aduenarse, designar
bedsteads - camas; cama (sin#Spanish
carvings - tallas; tallado, escultura
palm - palma
Cherubs - querubines; querubín
Hebrew - hebreo, hebreo, hebrea
venerable - venerable
antiquated - anticuado
apparent - visible, claro, evidente, manifiesto, aparente, ostensible
embroideries - bordados; bordado
All these relics gave to the third storey of Thornfield Hall the aspect of a home of the past: a shrine of memory. I liked the hush, the gloom, the quaintness of these retreats in the day; but I by no means coveted a night's repose on one of those wide and heavy beds: shut in, some of them, with doors of oak; shaded, others, with wrought old English hangings crusted with thick work, portraying effigies of strange flowers, and stranger birds, and strangest human beings,-all which would have looked strange, indeed, by the pallid gleam of moonlight.
shrine - santuario, relicario
quaintness - Pintoresco
retreats - retiros; retirarse, batirse en retirada
coveted - odiciado; desear, codiciar, checkenvidiar
shaded - sombreado; sombra, persiana, umbral, tono, matiz, sombrear
crusted - con costra; costra, corteza, corteza
portraying - representando; retratar, describir
effigies - efigies; efigie
pallid - pálido
"Do the servants sleep in these rooms?" I asked.
"No; they occupy a range of smaller apartments to the back; no one ever sleeps here: one would almost say that, if there were a ghost at Thornfield Hall, this would be its haunt."
haunt - persecución; frecuentar, espantar, desasosegar, inquietar
"So I think: you have no ghost, then?"
"None that I ever heard of," returned Mrs. Fairfax, smiling.
"Nor any traditions of one? no legends or ghost stories?"
legends - leyendas; leyenda, simbología
ghost stories - historias de fantasmas
"I believe not. And yet it is said the Rochesters have been rather a violent than a quiet race in their time: perhaps, though, that is the reason they rest tranquilly in their graves now."
tranquilly - Tranquilamente
"Yes-'after life's fitful fever they sleep well,'" I muttered. "Where are you going now, Mrs. Fairfax?" for she was moving away.
fitful - inquieto; inestable, irregular
"On to the leads; will you come and see the view from thence?" I followed still, up a very narrow staircase to the attics, and thence by a ladder and through a trap-door to the roof of the hall. I was now on a level with the crow colony, and could see into their nests. Leaning over the battlements and looking far down, I surveyed the grounds laid out like a map: the bright and velvet lawn closely girdling the grey base of the mansion; the field, wide as a park, dotted with its ancient timber; the wood, dun and sere, divided by a path visibly overgrown, greener with moss than the trees were with foliage; the church at the gates, the road, the tranquil hills, all reposing in the autumn day's sun; the horizon bounded by a propitious sky, azure, marbled with pearly white.
attics - ticos; buhardilla, desván, zaquizamí, sobrado
ladder - escalera, escalafón, carrera
trap-door - (trap-door) Trampa
crow - cuervo, grajo
colony - colonia
timber - madera de construcción
visibly - visiblemente, a ojos vistas
overgrown - crecer en exceso
reposing - reposando; reposo
Propitious - propicio; panish: t-needed
Azure - azur, blao, azul celeste
marbled - marmoleado; mármol, canica, balita
pearly - perlado
No feature in the scene was extraordinary, but all was pleasing. When I turned from it and repassed the trap-door, I could scarcely see my way down the ladder; the attic seemed black as a vault compared with that arch of blue air to which I had been looking up, and to that sunlit scene of grove, pasture, and green hill, of which the hall was the centre, and over which I had been gazing with delight.
repassed - repasar
trap - trampa
sunlit - iluminado por el sol; soleado
pasture - pasto, pradera, pastar
Fairfax stayed behind a moment to fasten the trap-door; I, by drift of groping, found the outlet from the attic, and proceeded to descend the narrow garret staircase. I lingered in the long passage to which this led, separating the front and back rooms of the third storey: narrow, low, and dim, with only one little window at the far end, and looking, with its two rows of small black doors all shut, like a corridor in some Bluebeard's castle.
drift - deriva, derrape, ir a la deriva, vagar, derivar, errar
groping - palpar, tantear, buscar a tientas, manosear, meter mano
outlet - salida, desahogo, río que nace en un lago, minorista de marca
garret - buhardilla
While I paced softly on, the last sound I expected to hear in so still a region, a laugh, struck my ear. It was a curious laugh; distinct, formal, mirthless.
paced - a ritmo; paso
mirthless - Sin alegría
I stopped: the sound ceased, only for an instant; it began again, louder: for at first, though distinct, it was very low. It passed off in a clamorous peal that seemed to wake an echo in every lonely chamber; though it originated but in one, and I could have pointed out the door whence the accents issued.
clamorous - clamoroso
peal - repique, toque de campanas
Echo - eco, repercutir, repetir, hacer eco
originated - se originó; originar, originarse
"Mrs. Fairfax!" I called out: for I now heard her descending the great stairs. "Did you hear that loud laugh? Who is it?"
"Some of the servants, very likely," she answered: "perhaps Grace Poole."
"Did you hear it?" I again inquired.
"Yes, plainly: I often hear her: she sews in one of these rooms. Sometimes Leah is with her; they are frequently noisy together."
sews - coser
The laugh was repeated in its low, syllabic tone, and terminated in an odd murmur.
syllabic - silábico
"Grace!" exclaimed Mrs. Fairfax.
I really did not expect any Grace to answer; for the laugh was as tragic, as preternatural a laugh as any I ever heard; and, but that it was high noon, and that no circumstance of ghostliness accompanied the curious cachinnation; but that neither scene nor season favoured fear, I should have been superstitiously afraid. However, the event showed me I was a fool for entertaining a sense even of surprise.
tragic - trágico
ghostliness - Fantasmagoría
accompanied - acompanado; acompanar
cachinnation - achinnation
superstitiously - supersticiosamente
fool - idiota; bobo, imbécil, necio, pendejo, bufón, loco
The door nearest me opened, and a servant came out,-a woman of between thirty and forty; a set, square-made figure, red-haired, and with a hard, plain face: any apparition less romantic or less ghostly could scarcely be conceived.
haired - Pelo
ghostly - fantasmal
"Too much noise, Grace," said Mrs. Fairfax. "Remember directions!" Grace curtseyed silently and went in.
curtseyed - con una reverencia; reverencia, inclinarse, hacer una reverencia
"She is a person we have to sew and assist Leah in her housemaid's work," continued the widow; "not altogether unobjectionable in some points, but she does well enough. By-the-bye, how have you got on with your new pupil this morning?"
altogether - todos juntos; totalmente, completamente, en general, en suma
unobjectionable - inobjetable
The conversation, thus turned on Adčle, continued till we reached the light and cheerful region below. Adčle came running to meet us in the hall, exclaiming-
running to meet - correr a encontrarse
"Mesdames, vous ętes servies!" adding, "J'ai bien faim, moi!"
ętes - tes
servies - Servicios
Ai - panish: t-needed
We found dinner ready, and waiting for us in Mrs. Fairfax's room.
The promise of a smooth career, which my first calm introduction to Thornfield Hall seemed to pledge, was not belied on a longer acquaintance with the place and its inmates. Mrs. Fairfax turned out to be what she appeared, a placid-tempered, kind-natured woman, of competent education and average intelligence. My pupil was a lively child, who had been spoilt and indulged, and therefore was sometimes wayward; but as she was committed entirely to my care, and no injudicious interference from any quarter ever thwarted my plans for her improvement, she soon forgot her little freaks, and became obedient and teachable. She had no great talents, no marked traits of character, no peculiar development of feeling or taste which raised her one inch above the ordinary level of childhood; but neither had she any deficiency or vice which sunk her below it.
belied - desmentida; esconder; desmentir
tempered - templado; temperamento, temple, templar, temperar, atemperar
competent - competente
spoilt - estropeado, podrido, mimado, regalón
wayward - desobediente, caprichoso, díscolo
freaks - fenómenos; fenómeno
teachable - ensenable; ensenable
traits - rasgos; rasgo, característica
She made reasonable progress, entertained for me a vivacious, though perhaps not very profound, affection; and by her simplicity, gay prattle, and efforts to please, inspired me, in return, with a degree of attachment sufficient to make us both content in each other's society.
reasonable - razonable, módico
vivacious - vivaz
prattle - parloteo; parlotear
Anybody may blame me who likes, when I add further, that, now and then, when I took a walk by myself in the grounds; when I went down to the gates and looked through them along the road; or when, while Adčle played with her nurse, and Mrs. Fairfax made jellies in the storeroom, I climbed the three staircases, raised the trap-door of the attic, and having reached the leads, looked out afar over sequestered field and hill, and along dim sky-line-that then I longed for a power of vision which might overpass that limit; which might reach the busy world, towns, regions full of life I had heard of but never seen-that then I desired more of practical experience than I possessed; more of intercourse with my kind, of acquaintance with variety of character, than was here within my reach.
blame - culpar, responsabilizar, echar la culpa
jellies - jaleas; gelatina
staircases - escaleras; escalera
afar - lejos; afar
sequestered - secuestrado; separar
overpass - paso elevado; puente, paso superior, edestrian
practical experience - experiencia práctica
I valued what was good in Mrs. Fairfax, and what was good in Adčle; but I believed in the existence of other and more vivid kinds of goodness, and what I believed in I wished to behold.
vivid - vívida; vívido, vivo
Who blames me? Many, no doubt; and I shall be called discontented. I could not help it: the restlessness was in my nature; it agitated me to pain sometimes.
blames - culpar, responsabilizar, echar la culpa
discontented - descontento
restlessness - agitación, desasosiego, desazón, inquietud
Then my sole relief was to walk along the corridor of the third storey, backwards and forwards, safe in the silence and solitude of the spot, and allow my mind's eye to dwell on whatever bright visions rose before it-and, certainly, they were many and glowing; to let my heart be heaved by the exultant movement, which, while it swelled it in trouble, expanded it with life; and, best of all, to open my inward ear to a tale that was never ended-a tale my imagination created, and narrated continuously; quickened with all of incident, life, fire, feeling, that I desired and had not in my actual existence.
visions - visiones; vista, visión
exultant - exultante, jubiloso
quickened - Rápido
actual - real, existente, verdadero, efectivo, actual
It is in vain to say human beings ought to be satisfied with tranquillity: they must have action; and they will make it if they cannot find it. Millions are condemned to a stiller doom than mine, and millions are in silent revolt against their lot. Nobody knows how many rebellions besides political rebellions ferment in the masses of life which people earth. Women are supposed to be very calm generally: but women feel just as men feel; they need exercise for their faculties, and a field for their efforts, as much as their brothers do; they suffer from too rigid a restraint, too absolute a stagnation, precisely as men would suffer; and it is narrow-minded in their more privileged fellow-creatures to say that they ought to confine themselves to making puddings and knitting stockings, to playing on the piano and embroidering bags.
rebellions - rebeliones; rebelión, insurrección
ferment - fermento; fermentar
masses - masas; montón, masa
restraint - restricción, limitación, reserva, moderación, autocontrol
absolute - absoluto, completo, pleno
stagnation - estancamiento
more privileged - más privilegiados
puddings - postres; pudin, pudín
embroidering - bordar
It is thoughtless to condemn them, or laugh at them, if they seek to do more or learn more than custom has pronounced necessary for their sex.
condemn - condenar, clausurar
When thus alone, I not unfrequently heard Grace Poole's laugh: the same peal, the same low, slow ha! ha! which, when first heard, had thrilled me: I heard, too, her eccentric murmurs; stranger than her laugh. There were days when she was quite silent; but there were others when I could not account for the sounds she made. Sometimes I saw her: she would come out of her room with a basin, or a plate, or a tray in her hand, go down to the kitchen and shortly return, generally (oh, romantic reader, forgive me for telling the plain truth!) bearing a pot of porter. Her appearance always acted as a damper to the curiosity raised by her oral oddities: hard-featured and staid, she had no point to which interest could attach.
ha - Ja
eccentric - excéntrico
murmurs - murmullos; soplo, murmurar
oral - oral
oddities - extranezas; rareza
I made some attempts to draw her into conversation, but she seemed a person of few words: a monosyllabic reply usually cut short every effort of that sort.
attempts - intentos; intentar, tentativa, intento, ensayo
monosyllabic - monosilábico; monosílabo, monosílabico
The other members of the household, viz., John and his wife, Leah the housemaid, and Sophie the French nurse, were decent people; but in no respect remarkable; with Sophie I used to talk French, and sometimes I asked her questions about her native country; but she was not of a descriptive or narrative turn, and generally gave such vapid and confused answers as were calculated rather to check than encourage inquiry.
native country - país de origen
descriptive - descriptivo
vapid - insípido; soso, bobo, memo, papanatas
October, November, December passed away. One afternoon in January, Mrs. Fairfax had begged a holiday for Adčle, because she had a cold; and, as Adčle seconded the request with an ardour that reminded me how precious occasional holidays had been to me in my own childhood, I accorded it, deeming that I did well in showing pliability on the point. It was a fine, calm day, though very cold; I was tired of sitting still in the library through a whole long morning: Mrs. Fairfax had just written a letter which was waiting to be posted, so I put on my bonnet and cloak and volunteered to carry it to Hay; the distance, two miles, would be a pleasant winter afternoon walk.
ardour - ardor
occasional - ocasional, esporádico
accorded - oncedido; acuerdo, convenio, acordar, conceder, conferir
Having seen Adčle comfortably seated in her little chair by Mrs. Fairfax's parlour fireside, and given her her best wax doll (which I usually kept enveloped in silver paper in a drawer) to play with, and a story-book for change of amusement; and having replied to her "Revenez bientôt, ma bonne amie, ma chčre Mdlle. Jeannette," with a kiss I set out.
wax - cera
silver paper - papel aluminio
amusement - divertimiento, esparcimiento, diversión
chčre - chere
The ground was hard, the air was still, my road was lonely; I walked fast till I got warm, and then I walked slowly to enjoy and analyse the species of pleasure brooding for me in the hour and situation. It was three o'clock; the church bell tolled as I passed under the belfry: the charm of the hour lay in its approaching dimness, in the low-gliding and pale-beaming sun. I was a mile from Thornfield, in a lane noted for wild roses in summer, for nuts and blackberries in autumn, and even now possessing a few coral treasures in hips and haws, but whose best winter delight lay in its utter solitude and leafless repose.
church bell - campana de iglesia
tolled - con peaje; taner, doblar
belfry - campanil, campanario, campanario
dimness - Opacidad
lane - camino, carril
blackberries - moras; zarza, zarzamora
possessing - poseer
coral - coral
hips - caderas; cadera
If a breath of air stirred, it made no sound here; for there was not a holly, not an evergreen to rustle, and the stripped hawthorn and hazel bushes were as still as the white, worn stones which causewayed the middle of the path. Far and wide, on each side, there were only fields, where no cattle now browsed; and the little brown birds, which stirred occasionally in the hedge, looked like single russet leaves that had forgotten to drop.
holly - acebo
evergreen - perenne; perennifolio
rustle - susurro; crujido
hawthorn - espino albar, espino blanco, majuelo
hazel bushes - arbustos de avellana
causewayed - causewayed; calzada elevada
browsed - buscado; navegar
hedge - cobertura; seto
This lane inclined up-hill all the way to Hay; having reached the middle, I sat down on a stile which led thence into a field. Gathering my mantle about me, and sheltering my hands in my muff, I did not feel the cold, though it froze keenly; as was attested by a sheet of ice covering the causeway, where a little brooklet, now congealed, had overflowed after a rapid thaw some days since.
stile - dos escalones de madera para pasar por encima de una cerca
sheltering - refugio; (shelter); refugio, abrigo, amparo, asilo
causeway - carretera; calzada elevada
overflowed - se desbordó; desbordamiento, aliviadero, escape, rebosar
From my seat I could look down on Thornfield: the grey and battlemented hall was the principal object in the vale below me; its woods and dark rookery rose against the west. I lingered till the sun went down amongst the trees, and sank crimson and clear behind them. I then turned eastward.
battlemented - Con almenas
principal - principal, capital, director, directora, principal de escuela
vale - valle
On the hill-top above me sat the rising moon; pale yet as a cloud, but brightening momentarily, she looked over Hay, which, half lost in trees, sent up a blue smoke from its few chimneys: it was yet a mile distant, but in the absolute hush I could hear plainly its thin murmurs of life.
hill-top - (hill-top) Cima de la colina
My ear, too, felt the flow of currents; in what dales and depths I could not tell: but there were many hills beyond Hay, and doubtless many becks threading their passes. That evening calm betrayed alike the tinkle of the nearest streams, the sough of the most remote.
depths - profundidades; profundidad
becks - becks; a disposición de
threading - enhebrar; hilo, hebra, hilaza, tema, argumento, hilazón
betrayed - traicionado; traicionar, entregar, vender, delatar, demostrar
alike - igual, semejante, parecido, igualmente
streams - corrientes; corriente, flujo, arroyo, fluir, recibir flujo
sough - Suspira
A rude noise broke on these fine ripplings and whisperings, at once so far away and so clear: a positive tramp, tramp, a metallic clatter, which effaced the soft wave-wanderings; as, in a picture, the solid mass of a crag, or the rough boles of a great oak, drawn in dark and strong on the foreground, efface the aërial distance of azure hill, sunny horizon, and blended clouds where tint melts into tint.
ripplings - ndulación
tramp - vagabundo, vagabunda, golfa, ramera, puta
clatter - ruido; trapalear
wanderings - vagabundeos; errabundo, andariego, errante, peripatético, vagar
crag - penasco, risco
boles - boles; Tronco
foreground - en primer plano; primer plano
efface - borrar
melts - se derrite; material fundido, derretirse, fundirse
The din was on the causeway: a horse was coming; the windings of the lane yet hid it, but it approached. I was just leaving the stile; yet, as the path was narrow, I sat still to let it go by. In those days I was young, and all sorts of fancies bright and dark tenanted my mind: the memories of nursery stories were there amongst other rubbish; and when they recurred, maturing youth added to them a vigour and vividness beyond what childhood could give.
windings - Devanado
tenanted - alquilado; inquilino, arrendatario
maturing - madurando; maduro
vividness - vivacidad; nitidez
As this horse approached, and as I watched for it to appear through the dusk, I remembered certain of Bessie's tales, wherein figured a North-of-England spirit called a "Gytrash," which, in the form of horse, mule, or large dog, haunted solitary ways, and sometimes came upon belated travellers, as this horse was now coming upon me.
mule - mula
It was very near, but not yet in sight; when, in addition to the tramp, tramp, I heard a rush under the hedge, and close down by the hazel stems glided a great dog, whose black and white colour made him a distinct object against the trees. It was exactly one form of Bessie's Gytrash-a lion-like creature with long hair and a huge head: it passed me, however, quietly enough; not staying to look up, with strange pretercanine eyes, in my face, as I half expected it would. The horse followed,-a tall steed, and on its back a rider. The man, the human being, broke the spell at once. Nothing ever rode the Gytrash: it was always alone; and goblins, to my notions, though they might tenant the dumb carcasses of beasts, could scarce covet shelter in the commonplace human form. No Gytrash was this,-only a traveller taking the short cut to Millcote.
hazel - avellano, color avellana
stems - tallos; CTIM
pretercanine - pretercanina
steed - caballo; corcel
rider - jinete
tenant - inquilino, arrendatario
dumb - tonto; mudo
carcasses - cadáveres; cadáver, carcasa
beasts - bestias; bestia, animal, salvaje
scarce - escaso
covet - desear, codiciar, checkenvidiar
commonplace - lugar común, tópico, cliché, clisé
He passed, and I went on; a few steps, and I turned: a sliding sound and an exclamation of "What the deuce is to do now?" and a clattering tumble, arrested my attention. Man and horse were down; they had slipped on the sheet of ice which glazed the causeway. The dog came bounding back, and seeing his master in a predicament, and hearing the horse groan, barked till the evening hills echoed the sound, which was deep in proportion to his magnitude. He snuffed round the prostrate group, and then he ran up to me; it was all he could do,-there was no other help at hand to summon. I obeyed him, and walked down to the traveller, by this time struggling himself free of his steed. His efforts were so vigorous, I thought he could not be much hurt; but I asked him the question-
sliding - deslizándose; corredizo; (slid) deslizándose; corredizo
exclamation - exclamación
deuce - Dos
clattering - ruidos; trapalear
tumble - dar la vuelta; caída, caer, revolverse
bounding - atado
predicament - problemas; predicamento, aprieto, apuro
groan - gimoteo; gemido, grunido, gemir, grunir
barked - ladró; ladrido
echoed - resonó; eco, repercutir, repetir, hacer eco
snuffed - apagado; rapé
summon - convocar
"Are you injured, sir?"
I think he was swearing, but am not certain; however, he was pronouncing some formula which prevented him from replying to me directly.
swearing - jurando; (swear) jurando
formula - fórmula, preparado para lactantes, leche maternizada
"Can I do anything?" I asked again.
"You must just stand on one side," he answered as he rose, first to his knees, and then to his feet. I did; whereupon began a heaving, stamping, clattering process, accompanied by a barking and baying which removed me effectually some yards'distance; but I would not be driven quite away till I saw the event.
heaving - Agitado; (heave); ondular
barking - ladrando; ladrido
baying - aullando; bahía
effectually - eficazmente
This was finally fortunate; the horse was re-established, and the dog was silenced with a "Down, Pilot!" The traveller now, stooping, felt his foot and leg, as if trying whether they were sound; apparently something ailed them, for he halted to the stile whence I had just risen, and sat down.
established - establecido; establecer, instaurar, nombrar
silenced - silenciado; silencio, silenciar, hacer callar
stooping - inclinarse, agacharse
ailed - enfermo; sufrir una dolencia
I was in the mood for being useful, or at least officious, I think, for I now drew near him again.
officious - entrometido, inoportuno, oficioso
"If you are hurt, and want help, sir, I can fetch some one either from Thornfield Hall or from Hay."
"Thank you: I shall do: I have no broken bones,-only a sprain;" and again he stood up and tried his foot, but the result extorted an involuntary "Ugh!"
sprain - torcer, esguinzar, hacerse una esguince, torcedura, esguince
extorted - extorsionado; extorsionar
Ugh - qué; puf, guácala
Something of daylight still lingered, and the moon was waxing bright: I could see him plainly. His figure was enveloped in a riding cloak, fur collared and steel clasped; its details were not apparent, but I traced the general points of middle height and considerable breadth of chest. He had a dark face, with stern features and a heavy brow; his eyes and gathered eyebrows looked ireful and thwarted just now; he was past youth, but had not reached middle-age; perhaps he might be thirty-five. I felt no fear of him, and but little shyness. Had he been a handsome, heroic-looking young gentleman, I should not have dared to stand thus questioning him against his will, and offering my services unasked.
collared - con collar; cuello, collar, yugo
steel - acero
stern - severo, austero, serio
ireful - Iracundo
shyness - timidez
unasked - sin preguntar
I had hardly ever seen a handsome youth; never in my life spoken to one. I had a theoretical reverence and homage for beauty, elegance, gallantry, fascination; but had I met those qualities incarnate in masculine shape, I should have known instinctively that they neither had nor could have sympathy with anything in me, and should have shunned them as one would fire, lightning, or anything else that is bright but antipathetic.
theoretical - teórico
reverence - reverencia, veneración
homage - homenaje
elegance - elegancia, checkchic
gallantry - galantería; coraje, valor
fascination - fascinación
incarnate - encarnar; encarnado
masculine - masculino, varonil, viril, macho
shunned - rechazado; evitar
lightning - un rayo; relámpago, rayo
antipathetic - antipática
If even this stranger had smiled and been good-humoured to me when I addressed him; if he had put off my offer of assistance gaily and with thanks, I should have gone on my way and not felt any vocation to renew inquiries: but the frown, the roughness of the traveller, set me at my ease: I retained my station when he waved to me to go, and announced-
good-humoured - (good-humoured) de buen humor
assistance - asistencia
gaily - con alegría
vocation - vocación, profesión
renew - reanudar, renovar, reiniciar, recomenzar
inquiries - consultas; inquisición, indagatoria, pesquisa
roughness - rudeza; aspereza
"I cannot think of leaving you, sir, at so late an hour, in this solitary lane, till I see you are fit to mount your horse."
He looked at me when I said this; he had hardly turned his eyes in my direction before.
"I should think you ought to be at home yourself," said he, "if you have a home in this neighbourhood: where do you come from?"
"From just below; and I am not at all afraid of being out late when it is moonlight: I will run over to Hay for you with pleasure, if you wish it: indeed, I am going there to post a letter."
"You live just below-do you mean at that house with the battlements?" pointing to Thornfield Hall, on which the moon cast a hoary gleam, bringing it out distinct and pale from the woods that, by contrast with the western sky, now seemed one mass of shadow.
"Whose house is it?"
"Do you know Mr. Rochester?"
"No, I have never seen him."
"He is not resident, then?"
resident - residente, habitante, munícipe
"Can you tell me where he is?"
"You are not a servant at the hall, of course. You are-" He stopped, ran his eye over my dress, which, as usual, was quite simple: a black merino cloak, a black beaver bonnet; neither of them half fine enough for a lady's-maid. He seemed puzzled to decide what I was; I helped him.
"I am the governess."
"Ah, the governess!" he repeated; "deuce take me, if I had not forgotten! The governess!" and again my raiment underwent scrutiny. In two minutes he rose from the stile: his face expressed pain when he tried to move.
raiment - Ropa
underwent - ufrió; experimentar, sufrir, soportar, padecer
"I cannot commission you to fetch help," he said; "but you may help me a little yourself, if you will be so kind."
commission - misión, cometido, destino, cargo, comisión, encargo, encargar
"You have not an umbrella that I can use as a stick?"
"Try to get hold of my horse's bridle and lead him to me: you are not afraid?"
bridle - brida
I should have been afraid to touch a horse when alone, but when told to do it, I was disposed to obey. I put down my muff on the stile, and went up to the tall steed; I endeavoured to catch the bridle, but it was a spirited thing, and would not let me come near its head; I made effort on effort, though in vain: meantime, I was mortally afraid of its trampling fore-feet.
obey - obedecer
trampling - Pisoteando; (trample); pisotear, hollar, maltratar, humillar
The traveller waited and watched for some time, and at last he laughed.
I was mortally afraid of its trampling forefeet
"I see," he said, "the mountain will never be brought to Mahomet, so all you can do is to aid Mahomet to go to the mountain; I must beg of you to come here."
Mahomet - Mahoma
I came. "Excuse me," he continued: "necessity compels me to make you useful." He laid a heavy hand on my shoulder, and leaning on me with some stress, limped to his horse. Having once caught the bridle, he mastered it directly and sprang to his saddle; grimacing grimly as he made the effort, for it wrenched his sprain.
Excuse - disculpe; excusar, perdonar, panish: t-needed
compels - obligar, forzar, compeler
limped - cojeaba; flojo, flácido, mustio, débil
saddle - silla de montar; (bici) sillín, silla (de montar)
grimacing - haciendo muecas; mueca, hacer gestos, hacer muecas
grimly - Con tristeza
wrenched - desgarrado; arrancar
"Now," said he, releasing his under lip from a hard bite, "just hand me my whip; it lies there under the hedge."
whip - fusta, látigo, flagelo, panish: t-needed
I sought it and found it.
"Thank you; now Make haste with the letter to Hay, and return as fast as you can."
Make haste - Apresurarse, darse prisa
A touch of a spurred heel made his horse first start and rear, and then bound away; the dog rushed in his traces; all three vanished,
spurred - espoleado; espuela
heel - tacón; talón
"Like heath that, in the wilderness,
wilderness - salvajes; descampado, jungla, maleza, monte
The wild wind whirls away."
I took up my muff and walked on. The incident had occurred and was gone for me: it was an incident of no moment, no romance, no interest in a sense; yet it marked with change one single hour of a monotonous life. My help had been needed and claimed; I had given it: I was pleased to have done something; trivial, transitory though the deed was, it was yet an active thing, and I was weary of an existence all passive. The new face, too, was like a new picture introduced to the gallery of memory; and it was dissimilar to all the others hanging there: firstly, because it was masculine; and, secondly, because it was dark, strong, and stern.
romance - romance
monotonous - monótono
trivial - trivial
deed - hecho, acto, acción, obra, hazana; (dee); hecho, acto, acción
dissimilar - diferente; desemejante, disímil
I had it still before me when I entered Hay, and slipped the letter into the post-office; I saw it as I walked fast down-hill all the way home. When I came to the stile, I stopped a minute, looked round and listened, with an idea that a horse's hoofs might ring on the causeway again, and that a rider in a cloak, and a Gytrash-like Newfoundland dog, might be again apparent: I saw only the hedge and a pollard willow before me, rising up still and straight to meet the moonbeams; I heard only the faintest waft of wind roaming fitful among the trees round Thornfield, a mile distant; and when I glanced down in the direction of the murmur, my eye, traversing the hall-front, caught a light kindling in a window: it reminded me that I was late, and I hurried on.
hoofs - cascos; pezuna, casco
ring - anillo
Newfoundland - Terranova, Tierra Nueva, terranova
willow - sauce, mimbrera, sauz
faintest - más débil; débil, tenue
waft - waffer; revolotear, levitar, flotar, vaharada
roaming - tinerancia; vagar
I did not like re-entering Thornfield. To pass its threshold was to return to stagnation; to cross the silent hall, to ascend the darksome staircase, to seek my own lonely little room, and then to meet tranquil Mrs. Fairfax, and spend the long winter evening with her, and her only, was to quell wholly the faint excitement wakened by my walk,-to slip again over my faculties the viewless fetters of an uniform and too still existence; of an existence whose very privileges of security and ease I was becoming incapable of appreciating. What good it would have done me at that time to have been tossed in the storms of an uncertain struggling life, and to have been taught by rough and bitter experience to long for the calm amidst which I now repined!
ascend - subir, ascender
darksome - oscuro
quell - acabar; reprimir, sofocar
wakened - Despertar
viewless - Sin vista
fetters - grilletes; grillos, pihuelas, or animals, grillos, pihuela
tossed - lanzado; tiro, lanzamiento, lanzar una moneda al aire
repined - Repeinar
Yes, just as much good as it would do a man tired of sitting still in a "too easy chair" to take a long walk: and just as natural was the wish to stir, under my circumstances, as it would be under his.
I lingered at the gates; I lingered on the lawn; I paced backwards and forwards on the pavement; the shutters of the glass door were closed; I could not see into the interior; and both my eyes and spirit seemed drawn from the gloomy house-from the grey-hollow filled with rayless cells, as it appeared to me-to that sky expanded before me,-a blue sea absolved from taint of cloud; the moon ascending it in solemn march; her orb seeming to look up as she left the hill-tops, from behind which she had come, far and farther below her, and aspired to the zenith, midnight dark in its fathomless depth and measureless distance; and for those trembling stars that followed her course; they made my heart tremble, my veins glow when I viewed them.
pavement - pavimento, asfalto
shutters - persianas; postigo, contraventana, obturador
interior - interior, interior
cells - células; celda
taint - mancha; echar a perder; contaminar
aspired - aspiraba; aspirar, ambicionar
zenith - el cenit; cenit, apogeo
glow - resplandor; fulgir, fulgurar, iluminar, brillar
Little things recall us to earth; the clock struck in the hall; that sufficed; I turned from moon and stars, opened a side-door, and went in.
The hall was not dark, nor yet was it lit, only by the high-hung bronze lamp; a warm glow suffused both it and the lower steps of the oak staircase. This ruddy shine issued from the great dining-room, whose two-leaved door stood open, and showed a genial fire in the grate, glancing on marble hearth and brass fire-irons, and revealing purple draperies and polished furniture, in the most pleasant radiance.
suffused - sufundido; repartir
leaved - Con hojas
grate - rejilla
draperies - cortinas; cortina
most pleasant - el más agradable
It revealed, too, a group near the mantelpiece: I had scarcely caught it, and scarcely become aware of a cheerful mingling of voices, amongst which I seemed to distinguish the tones of Adčle, when the door closed.
mingling - mezclando; (mingle); mezclar
tones - tonos; tono
I hastened to Mrs. Fairfax's room; there was a fire there too, but no candle, and no Mrs. Fairfax. Instead, all alone, sitting upright on the rug, and gazing with gravity at the blaze, I beheld a great black and white long-haired dog, just like the Gytrash of the lane. It was so like it that I went forward and said-"Pilot" and the thing got up and came to me and snuffed me.
hastened to - se apresuró a
upright - derecho; vertical, recto, erguido, honrado, verticalmente
gravity - gravedad
beheld - ontemplado; contemplar, mirar, observar, he aquí, mirad
I caressed him, and he wagged his great tail; but he looked an eerie creature to be alone with, and I could not tell whence he had come. I rang the bell, for I wanted a candle; and I wanted, too, to get an account of this visitant. Leah entered.
caressed - Te importa
wagged - meneado; menear, panish: t-needed
visitant - visitante
"What dog is this?"
"He came with master."
"With master-Mr. Rochester-he is just arrived."
"Indeed! and is Mrs. Fairfax with him?"
"Yes, and Miss Adčle; they are in the dining-room, and John is gone for a surgeon; for master has had an accident; his horse fell and his ankle is sprained."
sprained - torcer, esguinzar, hacerse una esguince, torcedura, esguince
"Did the horse fall in Hay Lane?"
"Yes, coming down-hill; it slipped on some ice."
"Ah! Bring me a candle will you Leah?"
Leah brought it; she entered, followed by Mrs. Fairfax, who repeated the news; adding that Mr. Carter the surgeon was come, and was now with Mr. Rochester: then she hurried out to give orders about tea, and I went upstairs to take off my things.
Mr. Rochester, it seems, by the surgeon's orders, went to bed early that night; nor did he rise soon next morning. When he did come down, it was to attend to business: his agent and some of his tenants were arrived, and waiting to speak with him.
Adčle and I had now to vacate the library: it would be in daily requisition as a reception-room for callers. A fire was lit in an apartment upstairs, and there I carried our books, and arranged it for the future schoolroom.
vacate - desalojar, evacuar, dejar vacante
requisition - requisición; requisar
reception-room - (reception-room) sala de recepción
callers - llamadas; llamador
I discerned in the course of the morning that Thornfield Hall was a changed place: no longer silent as a church, it echoed every hour or two to a knock at the door, or a clang of the bell; steps, too, often traversed the hall, and new voices spoke in different keys below; a rill from the outer world was flowing through it; it had a master: for my part, I liked it better.
knock at - Golpear, tocar
rill - arroyito
flowing through - fluir/correr por
"Et cela doit signifier," said she, "qu'il y aura lŕ dedans un cadeau pour moi, et peut-ętre pour vous aussi, mademoiselle. Monsieur a parlé de vous: il m'a demandé le nom de ma gouvernante, et si elle n'était pas une petite personne, assez mince et un peu pâle. J'ai dit qu'oui: car c'est vrai, n'est-ce pas, mademoiselle?"
et - y; ET
doit - Hacerlo
signifier - significante
aura - aura
peut - eut
ętre - tre
monsieur - Senor
gouvernante - gobernante
était - tait
une - un
mince - picadillo, carne picada, carne molida, picar
vrai - Verdad
I and my pupil dined as usual in Mrs. Fairfax's parlour; the afternoon was wild and snowy, and we passed it in the schoolroom. At dark I allowed Adčle to put away books and work, and to run downstairs; for, from the comparative silence below, and from the cessation of appeals to the door-bell, I conjectured that Mr.
appeals - apelaciones; suplicar, rogar
conjectured - conjeturado; conjetura, suposición, especulación, teoría
Rochester was now at liberty. Left alone, I walked to the window; but nothing was to be seen thence: twilight and snowflakes together thickened the air, and hid the very shrubs on the lawn. I let down the curtain and went back to the fireside.
snowflakes - copos de nieve; copo de nieve, ampo, campanilla
shrubs - arbustos; arbusto
In the clear embers I was tracing a view, not unlike a picture I remembered to have seen of the castle of Heidelberg, on the Rhine, when Mrs. Fairfax came in, breaking up by her entrance the fiery mosaic I had been piercing together, and scattering too some heavy unwelcome thoughts that were beginning to throng on my solitude.
tracing - Rastreo; (trace) Rastreo
Rhine - Rin
mosaic - mosaico
piercing - pirsin, perforación, punzante; (pierce); pirsin, perforación
unwelcome - no es bienvenido; embarazoso, inoportuno, molesto
"Mr. Rochester would be glad if you and your pupil would take tea with him in the drawing-room this evening," said she: "he has been so much engaged all day that he could not ask to see you before."
"When is his tea-time?" I inquired.
"Oh, at six o'clock: he keeps early hours in the country. You had better change your frock now; I will go with you and fasten it. Here is a candle."
"Is it necessary to change my frock?"
"Yes, you had better: I always dress for the evening when Mr. Rochester is here."
This additional ceremony seemed somewhat stately; however, I repaired to my room, and, with Mrs. Fairfax's aid, replaced my black stuff dress by one of black silk; the best and the only additional one I had, except one of light grey, which, in my Lowood notions of the toilette, I thought too fine to be worn, except on first-rate occasions.
toilette - oilette
first-rate - (first-rate) de primera clase
"You want a brooch," said Mrs. Fairfax. I had a single little pearl ornament which Miss Temple gave me as a parting keepsake: I put it on, and then we went downstairs.
brooch - un broche; broche
ornament - ornamento, ornamento musical
keepsake - recuerdo
went downstairs - Bajó las escaleras
Unused as I was to strangers, it was rather a trial to appear thus formally summoned in Mr. Rochester's presence. I let Mrs. Fairfax precede me into the dining-room, and kept in her shade as we crossed that apartment; and, passing the arch, whose curtain was now dropped, entered the elegant recess beyond.
strangers - Extrano
formally - formalmente
precede - preceder, anteceder
shade - sombra, persiana, umbral, tono, matiz, sombrear, matizar
recess - receso
Two wax candles stood lighted on the table, and two on the mantelpiece; basking in the light and heat of a superb fire, lay Pilot-Adčle knelt near him. Half reclined on a couch appeared Mr. Rochester, his foot supported by the cushion; he was looking at Adčle and the dog: the fire shone full on his face. I knew my traveller with his broad and jetty eyebrows; his square forehead, made squarer by the horizontal sweep of his black hair. I recognised his decisive nose, more remarkable for character than beauty; his full nostrils, denoting, I thought, choler; his grim mouth, chin, and jaw-yes, all three were very grim, and no mistake.
superb - excelente; excepcional
cushion - cojín, almohadón, colchón, amortiguante, banda, amortiguar
jetty - embarcadero
horizontal - horizontal
decisive - decisivo, decidido
more remarkable - más notable
denoting - senalar, denotar, marcar, revelar, significar
His shape, now divested of cloak, I perceived harmonised in squareness with his physiognomy: I suppose it was a good figure in the athletic sense of the term-broad chested and thin flanked, though neither tall nor graceful.
divested - desinvertido; privar
harmonised - armonizar
squareness - Escuadra
athletic - atleta; atlético
chested - Pecho
flanked - flanqueado; costado, flanco
Mr. Rochester must have been aware of the entrance of Mrs. Fairfax and myself; but it appeared he was not in the mood to notice us, for he never lifted his head as we approached.
"Here is Miss Eyre, sir," said Mrs. Fairfax, in her quiet way. He bowed, still not taking his eyes from the group of the dog and child.
"Let Miss Eyre be seated," said he: and there was something in the forced stiff bow, in the impatient yet formal tone, which seemed further to express, "What the deuce is it to me whether Miss Eyre be there or not? At this moment I am not disposed to accost her."
accost - acosar
I sat down quite disembarrassed. A reception of finished politeness would probably have confused me: I could not have returned or repaid it by answering grace and elegance on my part; but harsh caprice laid me under no obligation; on the contrary, a decent quiescence, under the freak of manner, gave me the advantage. Besides, the eccentricity of the proceeding was piquant: I felt interested to see how he would go on.
disembarrassed - Desembarazar
politeness - educación, cortesía
caprice - capricho
obligation - obligación, compromiso, deber
quiescence - Quietud
freak - monstruo; fenómeno
eccentricity - excentricidad
piquant - picante
He went on as a statue would, that is, he neither spoke nor moved. Mrs. Fairfax seemed to think it necessary that some one should be amiable, and she began to talk. Kindly, as usual-and, as usual, rather trite-she condoled with him on the pressure of business he had had all day; on the annoyance it must have been to him with that painful sprain: then she commended his patience and perseverance in going through with it.
trite - rillado; banal
annoyance - disgusto, irritación, lata, molestia, fastidio
patience - paciencia, solitario
perseverance - perseverancia
"Madam, I should like some tea," was the sole rejoinder she got. She hastened to ring the bell; and when the tray came, she proceeded to arrange the cups, spoons, &c., with assiduous celerity. I and Adčle went to the table; but the master did not leave his couch.
assiduous - asiduo, diligente
celerity - celeridad
"Will you hand Mr. Rochester's cup?" said Mrs. Fairfax to me; "Adčle might perhaps spill it."
spill - derrame; derramar, verter
I did as requested. As he took the cup from my hand, Adčle, thinking the moment propitious for making a request in my favour, cried out-
as requested - según lo solicitado
"N'est-ce pas, monsieur, qu'il y a un cadeau pour Mademoiselle Eyre dans votre petit coffre?"
ce - E.C
coffre - Café
"Who talks of cadeaux?" said he gruffly. "Did you expect a present, Miss Eyre? Are you fond of presents?" and he searched my face with eyes that I saw were dark, irate, and piercing.
gruffly - Groseramente
irate - irritado; encolerizado
"I hardly know, sir; I have little experience of them: they are generally thought pleasant things."
"Generally thought? But what do you think?"
"I should be obliged to take time, sir, before I could give you an answer worthy of your acceptance: a present has many faces to it, has it not? and one should consider all, before pronouncing an opinion as to its nature."
be obliged - estar obligado
acceptance - aceptación
"Miss Eyre, you are not so unsophisticated as Adčle: she demands a 'cadeau,'clamorously, the moment she sees me: you beat about the bush."
clamorously - lamorosamente
bush - arbusto
"Because I have less confidence in my deserts than Adčle has: she can prefer the claim of old acquaintance, and the right too of custom; for she says you have always been in the habit of giving her playthings; but if I had to make out a case I should be puzzled, since I am a stranger, and have done nothing to entitle me to an acknowledgment."
confidence - confianza; certeza, certeza propia, certidumbre, confidencia
entitle - derecho; intitular
"Oh, don't fall back on over-modesty! I have examined Adčle, and find you have taken great pains with her: she is not bright, she has no talents; yet in a short time she has made much improvement."
modesty - modestia, pudor
"Sir, you have now given me my 'cadeau;'I am obliged to you: it is the meed teachers most covet-praise of their pupils'progress."
"Humph!" said Mr. Rochester, and he took his tea in silence.
"Come to the fire," said the master, when the tray was taken away, and Mrs. Fairfax had settled into a corner with her knitting; while Adčle was leading me by the hand round the room, showing me the beautiful books and ornaments on the consoles and chiffonničres. We obeyed, as in duty bound; Adčle wanted to take a seat on my knee, but she was ordered to amuse herself with Pilot.
hand round - ofrecer, repartir
consoles - consolas; consolar
chiffonničres - chiffonnieres
as in duty bound - Como es debido
"You have been resident in my house three months?"
"And you came from-?"
"From Lowood school, in ---shire."
"Ah! a charitable concern. How long were you there?"
"Eight years! you must be tenacious of life. I thought half the time in such a place would have done up any constitution! No wonder you have rather the look of another world. I marvelled where you had got that sort of face. When you came on me in Hay Lane last night, I thought unaccountably of fairy tales, and had half a mind to demand whether you had bewitched my horse: I am not sure yet. Who are your parents?"
done up - abrochar, renovar, decorar, envolver
unaccountably - inexplicablemente
bewitched - hechizado; hechizar, embrujar
"I have none."
"Nor ever had, I suppose: do you remember them?"
"I thought not. And so you were waiting for your people when you sat on that stile?"
"For whom, sir?"
"For the men in green: it was a proper moonlight evening for them. Did I break through one of your rings, that you spread that damned ice on the causeway?"
rings - anillos; anillo
damned - maldito; (damn); maldecir, condenar, reprobar, maldito, puto
I shook my head. "The men in green all forsook England a hundred years ago," said I, speaking as seriously as he had done. "And not even in Hay Lane, or the fields about it, could you find a trace of them. I don't think either summer or harvest, or winter moon, will ever shine on their revels more."
forsook - renunció; abandonar
revels - juergas; deleitarse
Mrs. Fairfax had dropped her knitting, and, with raised eyebrows, seemed wondering what sort of talk this was.
"Well," resumed Mr. Rochester, "if you disown parents, you must have some sort of kinsfolk: uncles and aunts?"
"No; none that I ever saw."
"And your home?"
"I have none."
"Where do your brothers and sisters live?"
"I have no brothers or sisters."
"Who recommended you to come here?"
"I advertised, and Mrs. Fairfax answered my advertisement."
"Yes," said the good lady, who now knew what ground we were upon, "and I am daily thankful for the choice Providence led me to make. Miss Eyre has been an invaluable companion to me, and a kind and careful teacher to Adčle."
Providence - providencia; Providence
invaluable - inestimable; invalorable
"Don't trouble yourself to give her a character," returned Mr. Rochester: "eulogiums will not bias me; I shall judge for myself. She began by felling my horse."
eulogiums - Elogio
bias - prejuicios; inclinación, predisposición, parcialidad, prejuicio
felling - Cayó
"Sir?" said Mrs. Fairfax.
"I have to thank her for this sprain."
The widow looked bewildered.
"Miss Eyre, have you ever lived in a town?"
"Have you seen much society?"
"None but the pupils and teachers of Lowood, and now the inmates of Thornfield."
"Have you read much?"
"Only such books as came in my way; and they have not been numerous or very learned."
numerous - numerosos; numeroso
"You have lived the life of a nun: no doubt you are well drilled in religious forms;-Brocklehurst, who I understand directs Lowood, is a parson, is he not?"
nun - monja, religiosa
drilled - taladrado; taladrar, perforar
parson - párroco, cura párroco, pastor
"And you girls probably worshipped him, as a convent full of religieuses would worship their director."
worshipped - venerado; adoración, culto, checkalabanza, adorar, checkvenerar
religieuses - eligieuse
"You are very cool! No! What! a novice not worship her priest! That sounds blasphemous."
worship - adoración, culto, checkalabanza, adorar, checkvenerar
blasphemous - blasfemo
"I disliked Mr. Brocklehurst; and I was not alone in the feeling. He is a harsh man; at once pompous and meddling; he cut off our hair; and for economy's sake bought us bad needles and thread, with which we could hardly sew."
pompous - majestuoso, pomposo, grandilocuente, altisonante
meddling - injerencia; entrometerse, inmiscuirse, injerirse, mangonear
"That was very false economy," remarked Mrs. Fairfax, who now again caught the drift of the dialogue.
"And was that the head and front of his offending?" demanded Mr. Rochester.
offending - ofender
"He starved us when he had the sole superintendence of the provision department, before the committee was appointed; and he bored us with long lectures once a week, and with evening readings from books of his own inditing, about sudden deaths and judgments, which made us afraid to go to bed."
superintendence - superintendencia
provision - provisión, aprovisionar, avituallar
appointed - nombrado; equipar, determinar, fijar, designar, nombrar
readings - lecturas; lectura
judgments - juicios; juicio
"What age were you when you went to Lowood?"
"And you stayed there eight years: you are now, then, eighteen?"
assented - aceptó; asentir, consentir, asentimiento
"Arithmetic, you see, is useful; without its aid, I should hardly have been able to guess your age. It is a point difficult to fix where the features and countenance are so much at variance as in your case. And now what did you learn at Lowood? Can you play?"
variance - varianza
"Of course: that is the established answer. Go into the library-I mean, if you please.-(Excuse my tone of command; I am used to say, 'Do this,'and it is done: I cannot alter my customary habits for one new inmate.)-Go, then, into the library; take a candle with you; leave the door open; sit down to the piano, and play a tune."
customary - costumbre; acostumbrado, consuetudinario, sólito
I departed, obeying his directions.
obeying - obedecer
"Enough!" he called out in a few minutes. "You play a little, I see; like any other English school-girl; perhaps rather better than some, but not well."
I closed the piano and returned. Mr. Rochester continued-"Adčle showed me some sketches this morning, which she said were yours. I don't know whether they were entirely of your doing; probably a master aided you?"
"No, indeed!" I interjected.
"Ah! that pricks pride. Well, fetch me your portfolio, if you can vouch for its contents being original; but don't pass your word unless you are certain: I can recognise patchwork."
pricks - gilipollas; pinchar, perforar
patchwork - almazuela
"Then I will say nothing, and you shall judge for yourself, sir."
I brought the portfolio from the library.
"Approach the table," said he; and I wheeled it to his couch. Adčle and Mrs. Fairfax drew near to see the pictures.
"No crowding," said Mr. Rochester: "take the drawings from my hand as I finish with them; but Don't push your faces up to mine."
Don't push - No empujes; No presiones
He deliberately scrutinised each sketch and painting. Three he laid aside; the others, when he had examined them, he swept from him.
deliberately - deliberadamente, concienzudamente
sketch - boceto; bosquejar, esbozar, pergenar, esbozo, bosquejo
"Take them off to the other table, Mrs. Fairfax," said he, "and look at them with Adčle;-you" (glancing at me) "resume your seat, and answer my questions. I perceive those pictures were done by one hand: was that hand yours?"
"And when did you find time to do them? They have taken much time, and some thought."
"I did them in the last two vacations I spent at Lowood, when I had no other occupation."
"Where did you get your copies?"
"Out of my head."
"That head I see now on your shoulders?"
"Has it other furniture of the same kind within?"
"I should think it may have: I should hope-better."
He spread the pictures before him, and again surveyed them alternately.
alternately - alternativamente, por turno
While he is so occupied, I will tell you, reader, what they are: and first, I must premise that they are nothing wonderful. The subjects had, indeed, risen vividly on my mind. As I saw them with the spiritual eye, before I attempted to embody them, they were striking; but my hand would not second my fancy, and in each case it had wrought out but a pale portrait of the thing I had conceived.
premise - premisa
vividly - ívidamente
embody - personificar, encarnar, incorporar
These pictures were in water-colours. The first represented clouds low and livid, rolling over a swollen sea: all the distance was in eclipse; so, too, was the foreground; or rather, the nearest billows, for there was no land. One gleam of light lifted into relief a half-submerged mast, on which sat a cormorant, dark and large, with wings flecked with foam; its beak held a gold bracelet set with gems, that I had touched with as brilliant tints as my palette could yield, and as glittering distinctness as my pencil could impart.
livid - lívido
eclipse - eclipse, eclipsar
billows - olas; oleada, ola, hincharse
submerged - sumergido; sumergir
cormorant - cormorán
flecked - manchado; mota, salpicadura
foam - espuma, espumar
beak - pico
bracelet - brazalete, pulsera
gems - gemas; joya, alhaja, piedra preciosa, gema
palette - paleta, gama de colores
distinctness - Distinción
Sinking below the bird and mast, a drowned corpse glanced through the green water; a fair arm was the only limb clearly visible, whence the bracelet had been washed or torn.
drowned - hogado; ahogarse
limb - miembro
The second picture contained for foreground only the dim peak of a hill, with grass and some leaves slanting as if by a breeze. Beyond and above spread an expanse of sky, dark blue as at twilight: rising into the sky was a woman's shape to the bust, portrayed in tints as dusk and soft as I could combine. The dim forehead was crowned with a star; the lineaments below were seen as through the suffusion of vapour; the eyes shone dark and wild; the hair streamed shadowy, like a beamless cloud torn by storm or by electric travail.
Peak - pico, cumbre
slanting - inclinado; inclinación
bust - reventar; busto, pecho
portrayed - retratado; retratar, describir
crowned - coronado; corona
vapour - vapor
beamless - Sin vigas
travail - trabajo
On the neck lay a pale reflection like moonlight; the same faint lustre touched the train of thin clouds from which rose and bowed this vision of the evening star.
evening star - estrella de la tarde
The third showed the pinnacle of an iceberg piercing a polar winter sky: a muster of northern lights reared their dim lances, close serried, along the horizon. Throwing these into distance, rose, in the foreground, a head,-a colossal head, inclined towards the iceberg, and resting against it. Two thin hands, joined under the forehead, and supporting it, drew up before the lower features a sable veil, a brow quite bloodless, white as bone, and an eye hollow and fixed, blank of meaning but for the glassiness of despair, alone were visible. Above the temples, amidst wreathed turban folds of black drapery, vague in its character and consistency as cloud, gleamed a ring of white flame, gemmed with sparkles of a more lurid tinge.
pinnacle - cumbre, pináculo, pico, ápice
iceberg - banquisa, iceberg, témpano de hielo, témpano
polar - polar
northern lights - aurora boreal
lances - lanzas; lanza, lancero
colossal - colosal
veil - velo, velar
glassiness - Vidriosidad
despair - desesperar, desesperanzar, desesperación, desesperanza
wreathed - coronado; guirnalda, corona, burelete, rodear
turban - turbante
flame - flama, llama
gemmed - gemmed; joya, alhaja, piedra preciosa, gema
sparkles - chispas; centelleo, destello
lurid - escabroso; espantoso, chocante, pálido, lívido
tinge - toque, tinte, matiz, retocar, matizar
This pale crescent was "the likeness of a kingly crown;" what it diademed was "the shape which shape had none."
likeness - semejanza; retrato, trasunto
kingly - rey
diademed - diadema
"Were you happy when you painted these pictures?" asked Mr. Rochester presently.
"I was absorbed, sir: yes, and I was happy. To paint them, in short, was to enjoy one of the keenest pleasures I have ever known."
"That is not saying much. Your pleasures, by your own account, have been few; but I daresay you did exist in a kind of artist's dreamland while you blent and arranged these strange tints. Did you sit at them long each day?"
dreamland - el país de los suenos; país de los suenos, panish: t-needed
"I had nothing else to do, because it was the vacation, and I sat at them from morning till noon, and from noon till night: the length of the midsummer days favoured my inclination to apply."
midsummer - en pleno verano; día de San Juan
"And you felt self-satisfied with the result of your ardent labours?"
labours - trabajos; trabajo, campesinos, trabajadores, parto, trabajar
"Far from it. I was tormented by the contrast between my idea and my handiwork: in each case I had imagined something which I was quite powerless to realise."
tormented - atormentado; tormento, atormentar
handiwork - obra; hechura
powerless - impotente
realise - Te das cuenta
"Not quite: you have secured the shadow of your thought; but no more, probably. You had not enough of the artist's skill and science to give it full being: yet the drawings are, for a school-girl, peculiar. As to the thoughts, they are elfish. These eyes in the Evening Star you must have seen in a dream. How could you make them look so clear, and yet not at all brilliant?
secured - seguro, resguardado, confiable, aplomado
elfish - Pez elfo
for the planet above quells their rays. And what meaning is that in their solemn depth? And who taught you to paint wind? There is a high gale in that sky, and on this hill-top. Where did you see Latmos? For that is Latmos. There! put the drawings away!"
quells - calla; reprimir, sofocar
gale - revuelo; vendaval, galerna
I had scarce tied the strings of the portfolio, when, looking at his watch, he said abruptly-
"It is nine o'clock: what are you about, Miss Eyre, to let Adčle sit up so long? Take her to bed."
Adčle went to kiss him before quitting the room: he endured the caress, but scarcely seemed to relish it more than Pilot would have done, nor so much.
caress - caricia, carantona, acariciar
"I wish you all good-night, now," said he, making a movement of the hand towards the door, in token that he was tired of our company, and wished to dismiss us. Mrs. Fairfax folded up her knitting: I took my portfolio: we curtseyed to him, received a frigid bow in return, and so withdrew.
token - sena, recuerdo, ficha, prenda, símbolo, simbólico, cosmético
dismiss - descartar; despedir; denegar; dejar salir
folded up - Doblado, plegado
"You said Mr. Rochester was not strikingly peculiar, Mrs. Fairfax," I observed, when I rejoined her in her room, after putting Adčle to bed.
rejoined - Reincorporarse
"Well, is he?"
"I think so: he is very changeful and abrupt."
changeful - cambiante
"True: no doubt he may appear so to a stranger, but I am so accustomed to his manner, I never think of it; and then, if he has peculiarities of temper, allowance should be made."
"Partly because it is his nature-and we can none of us help our nature; and partly because he has painful thoughts, no doubt, to harass him, and make his spirits unequal."
harass - acosar
unequal - desigual
"Family troubles, for one thing."
"But he has no family."
"Not now, but he has had-or, at least, relatives. He lost his elder brother a few years since."
"His elder brother?"
"Yes. The present Mr. Rochester has not been very long in possession of the property; only about nine years."
"Nine years is a tolerable time. Was he so very fond of his brother as to be still inconsolable for his loss?"
tolerable - tolerable, soportable, checktolerable, checkaceptable
inconsolable - inconsolable, desconsolado
"Why, no-perhaps not. I believe there were some misunderstandings between them. Mr. Rowland Rochester was not quite just to Mr. Edward; and perhaps he prejudiced his father against him. The old gentleman was fond of money, and anxious to keep the family estate together. He did not like to diminish the property by division, and yet he was anxious that Mr. Edward should have wealth, too, to keep up the consequence of the name; and, soon after he was of age, some steps were taken that were not quite fair, and made a great deal of mischief. Old Mr. Rochester and Mr. Rowland combined to bring Mr. Edward into what he considered a painful position, for the sake of making his fortune: what the precise nature of that position was I never clearly knew, but his spirit could not brook what he had to suffer in it. He is not very forgiving: he broke with his family, and now for many years he has led an unsettled kind of life. I don't think he has ever been resident at Thornfield for a fortnight together, since the death of his brother without a will left him master of the estate; and, indeed, no wonder he shuns the old place.
misunderstandings - malentendidos; malentendido, qui pro quo
Edward - Eduardo
prejudiced - con prejuicios; prejuicio, perjudicar, prejuiciar
estate - patrimonio; propiedad, inmueble, bien, estamento, finca
diminish - disminuir, diminuir, disminuirse, diminuirse
Fortune - fortuna
precise - preciso, concreto, precisar, especificar, concretar
forgiving - perdonar, disculpar
unsettled - inquietos; perturbar, inquietar
shuns - rehuir; evitar
"Why should he shun it?"
"Perhaps he thinks it gloomy."
The answer was evasive. I should have liked something clearer; but Mrs. Fairfax either could not, or would not, give me more explicit information of the origin and nature of Mr. Rochester's trials. She averred they were a mystery to herself, and that what she knew was chiefly from conjecture. It was evident, indeed, that she wished me to drop the subject, which I did accordingly.
evasive - evasivo
more explicit - más explícito
trials - pruebas; proceso, juicio
averred - Qué
chiefly - principalmente, sobre todo, particularmente, especialmente
evident - es evidente; evidente, constatable
For several subsequent days I saw little of Mr. Rochester. In the mornings he seemed much engaged with business, and, in the afternoon, gentlemen from Millcote or the neighbourhood called, and sometimes stayed to dine with him. When his sprain was well enough to admit of horse exercise, he rode out a good deal; probably to return these visits, as he generally did not come back till late at night.
admit of - admitirlo
During this interval, even Adčle was seldom sent for to his presence, and all my acquaintance with him was confined to an occasional rencontre in the hall, on the stairs, or in the gallery, when he would sometimes pass me haughtily and coldly, just acknowledging my presence by a distant nod or a cool glance, and sometimes bow and smile with gentlemanlike affability.
rencontre - encontre
haughtily - con altanería; altivamente, altaneramente
acknowledging - reconociendo; reconocer, acusar recibo
nod - asentir, cabecear, cabezada
gentlemanlike - Caballero
affability - afabilidad
His changes of mood did not offend me, because I saw that I had nothing to do with their alternation; the ebb and flow depended on causes quite disconnected with me.
alternation - alternancia, rotación
Ebb - reflujo, marea, marea baja, bajamar
disconnected - desconectado; desconectar
One day he had had company to dinner, and had sent for my portfolio; in order, doubtless, to exhibit its contents: the gentlemen went away early, to attend a public meeting at Millcote, as Mrs. Fairfax informed me; but the night being wet and inclement, Mr. Rochester did not accompany them. Soon after they were gone he rang the bell: a message came that I and Adčle were to go downstairs. I brushed Adčle's hair and made her neat, and having ascertained that I was myself in my usual Quaker trim, where there was nothing to retouch-all being too close and plain, braided locks included, to admit of disarrangement-we descended, Adčle wondering whether the petit coffre was at length come; for, owing to some mistake, its arrival had hitherto been delayed.
exhibit - exhibir, exponer, prueba documental, prueba instrumental
public meeting - Reunión pública
informed - informado; informar
inclement - inclemente, destemplado, desapacible, tempestuoso
accompany - acompanar; acompanar
go downstairs - bajar las escaleras
trim - recortar, orlar, ribetear
braided - trenzado; trenzar
disarrangement - Distribución
delayed - retrasado; aplazar, retrasar
She was gratified: there it stood, a little carton, on the table when we entered the dining-room. She appeared to know it by instinct.
Carton - cartón; caja, cajetilla
"Ma boite! ma boite!" exclaimed she, running towards it.
boite - oite
"Yes, there is your 'boite'at last: take it into a corner, you genuine daughter of Paris, and amuse yourself with disembowelling it," said the deep and rather sarcastic voice of Mr. Rochester, proceeding from the depths of an immense easy-chair at the fireside.
genuine - genuino, auténtico, legítimo, verdadero
disembowelling - destripamiento; (disembowel); desentranar, destripar
sarcastic - sarcástico
"And mind," he continued, "Don't bother me with any details of the anatomical process, or any notice of the condition of the entrails: let your operation be conducted in silence: tiens-toi tranquille, enfant; comprends-tu?"
Don't bother me - No me molestes
anatomical - anatómico
entrails - Trail
tiens - iens
tranquille - tranquilo
enfant - Nino
comprends - Comprende
Adčle seemed scarcely to need the warning-she had already retired to a sofa with her treasure, and was busy untying the cord which secured the lid. Having removed this impediment, and lifted certain silvery envelopes of tissue paper, she merely exclaimed-
untying - desatando; desatar, desamarrar, desligar, soltar, desatarse
cord - cuerda, cable, hilo, cordón
lid - tapa
impediment - impedimento; estorbo
envelopes - sobres; sobre
tissue paper - papel de seda
"Oh ciel! Que c'est beau!" and then remained absorbed in ecstatic contemplation.
que - Qué
ecstatic - extasiado
"Is Miss Eyre there?" now demanded the master, half rising from his seat to look round to the door, near which I still stood.
look round - mirar alrededor
"Ah! well, come forward; be seated here." He drew a chair near his own. "I am not fond of the prattle of children," he continued; "for, old bachelor as I am, I have no pleasant associations connected with their lisp. It would be intolerable to me to pass a whole evening tęte-ŕ-tęte with a brat. Don't draw that chair farther off, Miss Eyre; sit down exactly where I placed it-if you please, that is.
bachelor - soltero; solterón, bachiller, título de grado, licenciatura
associations - asociaciones; asociación
tęte - Tete
ŕ - a?
brat - mocoso, crío
Confound these civilities! I continually forget them. Nor do I particularly affect simple-minded old ladies. By-the-bye, I must have mine in mind; it won't do to neglect her; she is a Fairfax, or wed to one; and blood is said to be thicker than water."
Confound - confundir, empeorar
neglect - descuido; descuidar, negligir, desoír, hacer caso omiso
wed - casarse; casar
He rang, and despatched an invitation to Mrs. Fairfax, who soon arrived, knitting-basket in hand.
despatched - despachar
basket - cesta, cesto, canasta
"Good evening, madam; I sent to you for a charitable purpose. I have forbidden Adčle to talk to me about her presents, and she is bursting with repletion: have the goodness to serve her as auditress and interlocutrice; it will be one of the most benevolent acts you ever performed."
forbidden - prohibido; prohibir, vedar, vetar, negar
bursting - reventar, romper, ráfaga, estallo, reventón
auditress - Auditora
interlocutrice - interlocutor
Adčle, indeed, no sooner saw Mrs. Fairfax, than she summoned her to her sofa, and there quickly filled her lap with the porcelain, the ivory, the waxen contents of her "boite;" pouring out, meantime, explanations and raptures in such broken English as she was mistress of.
lap - vuelta; lamer
porcelain - porcelana, loza
ivory - marfil, ebúrneo
waxen - Encerado; (wax) Encerado
raptures - los raptos; arrebatamiento
"Now I have performed the part of a good host," pursued Mr. Rochester, "put my guests into the way of amusing each other, I ought to be at liberty to attend to my own pleasure. Miss Eyre, draw your chair still a little farther forward: you are yet too far back; I cannot see you without disturbing my position in this comfortable chair, which I have no mind to do."
disturbing - inquietante; perturbar, molestar
I did as I was bid, though I would much rather have remained somewhat in the shade; but Mr. Rochester had such a direct way of giving orders, it seemed a matter of course to obey him promptly.
We were, as I have said, in the dining-room: the lustre, which had been lit for dinner, filled the room with a festal breadth of light; the large fire was all red and clear; the purple curtains hung rich and ample before the lofty window and loftier arch; everything was still, save the subdued chat of Adčle (she dared not speak loud), and, filling up each pause, the beating of winter rain against the panes.
large fire - gran incendio
loftier - más alto; majestuoso
He had been looking two minutes at the fire, and I had been looking the same length of time at him, when, turning suddenly, he caught my gaze fastened on his physiognomy.
gaze - mirada; observar, mirar fijamente
"You examine me, Miss Eyre," said he: "do you think me handsome?"
I should, if I had deliberated, have replied to this question by something conventionally vague and polite; but the answer somehow slipped from my tongue before I was aware-"No, sir."
conventionally - convencionalmente
"Ah! By my word! there is something singular about you," said he: "you have the air of a little nonnette; quaint, quiet, grave, and simple, as you sit with your hands before you, and your eyes generally bent on the carpet (except, by-the-bye, when they are directed piercingly to my face; as just now, for instance); and when one asks you a question, or makes a remark to which you are obliged to reply, you rap out a round rejoinder, which, if not blunt, is at least brusque. What do you mean by it?
piercingly - enetrantemente
rap - golpe seco
brusque - brusco
"Sir, I was too plain; I beg your pardon. I ought to have replied that it was not easy to give an impromptu answer to a question about appearances; that tastes mostly differ; and that beauty is of little consequence, or something of that sort."
impromptu - imprevisto; improvisado, impromptu
differ - difieren; ser distinto
"You ought to have replied no such thing. Beauty of little consequence, indeed! And so, under pretence of softening the previous outrage, of stroking and soothing me into placidity, you stick a sly penknife under my ear! Go on: what fault do you find with me, pray? I suppose I have all my limbs and all my features like any other man?"
outrage - atrocidad, ultraje, desafuero, atropello, indignación, rabia
stroking - Acariciar; (stroke) Acariciar
placidity - pacidez; placidez
sly - astuto, pillo, listo, habilidoso
penknife - cuchillo; navaja, cortaplumas
"Mr. Rochester, allow me to disown my first answer: I intended no pointed repartee: it was only a blunder."
blunder - una metedura de pata; error
"Just so: I think so: and you shall be answerable for it. Criticise me: does my forehead not please you?"
answerable - responsable
criticise - Criticar
He lifted up the sable waves of hair which lay horizontally over his brow, and showed a solid enough mass of intellectual organs, but an abrupt deficiency where the suave sign of benevolence should have risen.
horizontally - horizontalmente
intellectual - intelectual
organs - órganos; órgano, publicación oficial
suave - suave
benevolence - benevolencia
"Now, ma'am, am I a fool?"
"Far from it, sir. You would, perhaps, think me rude if I inquired in return whether you are a philanthropist?"
philanthropist - filántropo
"There again! Another stick of the penknife, when she pretended to pat my head: and that is because I said I did not like the society of children and old women (low be it spoken!). No, young lady, I am not a general philanthropist; but I bear a conscience;" and he pointed to the prominences which are said to indicate that faculty, and which, fortunately for him, were sufficiently conspicuous; giving, indeed, a marked breadth to the upper part of his head: "and, besides, I once had a kind of rude tenderness of heart.
Pat - palmadita, caricia
prominences - protuberancias; prominencia, protuberancia
tenderness - ternura
When I was as old as you, I was a feeling fellow enough, partial to the unfledged, unfostered, and unlucky; but Fortune has knocked me about since: she has even kneaded me with her knuckles, and now I flatter myself I am hard and tough as an India-rubber ball; pervious, though, through a chink or two still, and with one sentient point in the middle of the lump. Yes: does that leave hope for me?"
partial - parcial
unfledged - sin forjar
unfostered - Desencadenado
unlucky - mala suerte; desafortunado
kneaded - amasado; amasar
tough - difícil; resistente, severo, de mano dura, ni modo
India - India
rubber - caucho, goma
pervious - permeable
chink - resquicio, grieta
sentient - sensible, con sentidos, consciente
lump - un bulto; bulto, grumo, chichón, cúmulo, agrupación
"Hope of what, sir?"
"Of my final re-transformation from India-rubber back to flesh?"
transformation - transformación
"Decidedly he has had too much wine," I thought; and I did not know what answer to make to his queer question: how could I tell whether he was capable of being re-transformed?
decidedly - decididamente; resueltamente
"You looked very much puzzled, Miss Eyre; and though you are not pretty any more than I am handsome, yet a puzzled air becomes you; besides, it is convenient, for it keeps those searching eyes of yours away from my physiognomy, and busies them with the worsted flowers of the rug; so puzzle on. Young lady, I am disposed to be gregarious and communicative to-night."
puzzle - rompecabezas, enigma, puzle, acertijo, intrigar, dejar perplejo
worsted - Estambre; (worst); lo peor, la peor
gregarious - sociable, gregario
communicative - comunicativo
With this announcement he rose from his chair, and stood, leaning his arm on the marble mantelpiece: in that attitude his shape was seen plainly as well as his face; his unusual breadth of chest, disproportionate almost to his length of limb.
disproportionate - desproporcionado
I am sure most people would have thought him an ugly man; yet there was so much unconscious pride in his port; so much ease in his demeanour; such a look of complete indifference to his own external appearance; so haughty a reliance on the power of other qualities, intrinsic or adventitious, to atone for the lack of mere personal attractiveness, that, in looking at him, one inevitably shared the indifference, and, even in a blind, imperfect sense, put faith in the confidence.
unconscious - inconsciente, subconsciente, subconsciencia
haughty - soberbio, altanero
reliance - confianza, dependencia, dependiente
intrinsic - intrínseca; intrínseco
adventitious - aventicia; exógeno, aleatorio, adquirido, ectópico, adventicio
atone - expiar
attractiveness - atractivo, atractividad
inevitably - inevitablemente, indefectiblemente
"I am disposed to be gregarious and communicative to-night," he repeated, "and that is why I sent for you: the fire and the chandelier were not sufficient company for me; nor would Pilot have been, for none of these can talk. Adčle is a degree better, but still far below the mark; Mrs. Fairfax ditto; you, I am persuaded, can suit me if you will: you puzzled me the first evening I invited you down here.
Ditto - igual; ídem
I have almost forgotten you since: other ideas have driven yours from my head; but to-night I am resolved to be at ease; to dismiss what importunes, and recall what pleases. It would please me now to draw you out-to learn more of you-therefore speak."
dismiss - despedir, echar, disipar, rechazar, expulsar
importunes - importunes; importunar, prostituirse
Instead of speaking, I smiled; and not a very complacent or submissive smile either.
complacent - autocomplaciente
submissive - sumiso, sumiso, sumisa
"Speak," he urged.
"What about, sir?"
"Whatever you like. I leave both the choice of subject and the manner of treating it entirely to yourself."
Accordingly I sat and said nothing: "If he expects me to talk for the mere sake of talking and showing off, he will find he has addressed himself to the wrong person," I thought.
"You are dumb, Miss Eyre."
I was dumb still. He bent his head a little towards me, and with a single hasty glance seemed to dive into my eyes.
dive - bucear; zambullirse, tirarse de cabeza
"Stubborn?" he said, "and annoyed. Ah! it is consistent. I put my request in an absurd, almost insolent form. Miss Eyre, I beg your pardon. The fact is, once for all, I don't wish to treat you like an inferior: that is" (correcting himself), "I claim only such superiority as must result from twenty years'difference in age and a century's advance in experience.
stubborn - testarudo, obstinado, cabezota
consistent - consistente, constante, coherente
superiority - superioridad
advance - avanzar, progresar, avance, progreso, adelanto, avance
This is legitimate, et j'y tiens, as Adčle would say; and it is by virtue of this superiority, and this alone, that I desire you to have the goodness to talk to me a little now, and divert my thoughts, which are galled with dwelling on one point-cankering as a rusty nail."
legitimate - legítimo, genuino
divert - divertirse; desviar, entretener, distraer
galled - enfadado; bilis, hiel
cankering - Cáncer
He had deigned an explanation, almost an apology, and I did not feel insensible to his condescension, and would not seem so.
deigned - disenado; dignarse
apology - una disculpa; disculpa, excusa
insensible - insensible
"I am willing to amuse you, if I can, sir-quite willing; but I cannot introduce a topic, because how do I know what will interest you? Ask me questions, and I will do my best to answer them."
"Then, in the first place, do you agree with me that I have a right to be a little masterful, abrupt, perhaps exacting, sometimes, on the grounds I stated, namely, that I am old enough to be your father, and that I have battled through a varied experience with many men of many nations, and roamed over half the globe, while you have lived quietly with one set of people in one house?"
masterful - Maestro
roamed - rondaba; vagar
globe - globo, globo terráqueo
"Do as you please, sir."
"That is no answer; or rather it is a very irritating, because a very evasive one. Reply clearly."
irritating - irritante; irritar, enviscar
"I don't think, sir, you have a right to command me, merely because you are older than I, or because you have seen more of the world than I have; your claim to superiority depends on the use you have made of your time and experience."
"Humph! Promptly spoken. But I won't allow that, seeing that it would never suit my case, as I have made an indifferent, not to say a bad, use of both advantages. Leaving superiority out of the question, then, you must still agree to receive my orders now and then, without being piqued or hurt by the tone of command. Will you?"
piqued - picado; resentimiento, despecho
I smiled: I thought to myself Mr. Rochester is peculiar-he seems to forget that he pays me Ł30 per annum for receiving his orders.
"The smile is very well," said he, catching instantly the passing expression; "but speak too."
"I was thinking, sir, that very few masters would trouble themselves to inquire whether or not their paid subordinates were piqued and hurt by their orders."
masters - maestros; senor, dueno; senora, duena
subordinates - subordinados; subordinado, supeditar
"Paid subordinates! What! you are my paid subordinate, are you? Oh yes, I had forgotten the salary! Well then, on that mercenary ground, will you agree to let me hector a little?"
subordinate - subordinado, supeditar
mercenary - mercenario
Hector - héctor; intimidar, tiranizar
"No, sir, not on that ground; but, on the ground that you did forget it, and that you care whether or not a dependent is comfortable in his dependency, I agree heartily."
dependency - dependencia
"And will you consent to dispense with a great many conventional forms and phrases, without thinking that the omission arises from insolence?"
consent - consentir, consentimiento, venia, anuencia
dispense - dispensar
conventional - convencional
omission - omisión
arises - surge; surgir, levantarse, provenir, aparecer
insolence - insolencia
"I am sure, sir, I should never mistake informality for insolence: one I rather like, the other nothing free-born would submit to, even for a salary."
informality - informalidad
"Humbug! Most things free-born will submit to anything for a salary; therefore, keep to yourself, and don't venture on generalities of which you are intensely ignorant. However, I mentally shake hands with you for your answer, despite its inaccuracy; and as much for the manner in which it was said, as for the substance of the speech; the manner was frank and sincere; one does not often see such a manner: no, on the contrary, affectation, or coldness, or stupid, coarse-minded misapprehension of one's meaning are the usual rewards of candour.
humbug - tonterías; farsa, disparate, tontería, bobería, fraude
Venture - aventurarse; aventura, arriesgar
generalities - Generalidad
inaccuracy - inexactitud
affectation - afectación
rewards - recompensas; recompensa
candour - Candor
Not three in three thousand raw school-girl-governesses would have answered me as you have just done. But I don't mean to flatter you: if you are cast in a different mould to the majority, it is no merit of yours: Nature did it. And then, after all, I go too fast in my conclusions: for what I yet know, you may be no better than the rest; you may have intolerable defects to counterbalance your few good points."
mould - moho; mantillo
majority - mayoría, mayoría de edad
counterbalance - contrabalanza, contrapeso, contraposición, contrabalancear
"And so may you," I thought. My eye met his as the idea crossed my mind: he seemed to read the glance, answering as if its import had been spoken as well as imagined-
"Yes, yes, you are right," said he; "I have plenty of faults of my own: I know it, and I don't wish to palliate them, I assure you. God wot I need not be too severe about others; I have a past existence, a series of deeds, a colour of life to contemplate within my own breast, which might well call my sneers and censures from my neighbours to myself. I started, or rather (for like other defaulters, I like to lay half the blame on ill fortune and adverse circumstances) was thrust on to a wrong tack at the age of one-and-twenty, and have never recovered the right course since: but I might have been very different; I might have been as good as you-wiser-almost as stainless.
palliate - paliar, mitigar, remediar, atenuar
wot - Qué; (wit) Qué
contemplate - contemplar
censures - censura
defaulters - morosos; moroso, morosa
adverse - adverso, desfavorable, contrario, opuesto
tack - tachuela
recovered - recuperado; recuperarse
wiser - más sabio; sabio
stainless - inoxidable
I envy you your peace of mind, your clean conscience, your unpolluted memory. Little girl, a memory without blot or contamination must be an exquisite treasure-an inexhaustible source of pure refreshment: is it not?"
envy - envidia, pelusa, envidiar
unpolluted - Impoluto
blot - mancha, desdoro, emborronar, manchar
contamination - contaminación
exquisite - exquisito, bonísimo
inexhaustible - inagotable
"How was your memory when you were eighteen, sir?"
"All right then; limpid, salubrious: no gush of bilge water had turned it to fetid puddle. I was your equal at eighteen-quite your equal. Nature meant me to be, on the whole, a good man, Miss Eyre; one of the better kind, and you see I am not so. You would say you don't see it; at least I flatter myself I read as much in your eye (beware, by-the-bye, what you express with that organ; I am quick at interpreting its language). Then take my word for it,-I am not a villain: you are not to suppose that-not to attribute to me any such bad eminence; but, owing, I verily believe, rather to circumstances than to my natural bent, I am a trite commonplace sinner, hackneyed in all the poor petty dissipations with which the rich and worthless try to put on life. Do you wonder that I avow this to you? Know, that in the course of your future life you will often find yourself elected the involuntary confidant of your acquaintances'secrets: people will instinctively find out, as I have done, that it is not your forte to tell of yourself, but to listen while others talk of themselves; they will feel, too, that you listen with no malevolent scorn of their indiscretion, but with a kind of innate sympathy; not the less comforting and encouraging because it is very unobtrusive in its manifestations.
limpid - límpido
salubrious - salubre
gush - manar, salir a borbotones, brotar, hacer efusión
bilge - billete; sentina
puddle - un charco; charco, poza
Beware - tener cuidado, ser precavido
interpreting - interpretando; explicar, exponer, interpretar
villain - villano
attribute to - Atribuir a
eminence - eminencia, prócer
sinner - pecador, pecadora
petty - pequeno; baladí, de pitiminí, detallista, insignificante
dissipations - disipaciones; disipación
avow - confesar, admitir, reconocer
elected - elegido; elegir, electo
confidant - confidente
acquaintances - conocidos; amistad, conocimiento, junta, relación
indiscretion - indiscreción
innate - natural; innato
comforting - confortante; comodidad, consuelo, confortar
unobtrusive - desapercibido, discreto, disimulado
manifestations - anifestaciones; manifestación
"How do you know?-how can you guess all this, sir?"
"I know it well; therefore I proceed almost as freely as if I were writing my thoughts in a diary. You would say, I should have been superior to circumstances; so I should-so I should; but you see I was not. When fate wronged me, I had not the wisdom to remain cool: I turned desperate; then I degenerated.
proceed - continuar, proceder
wisdom - sabiduría
degenerated - degenerado, depravado, degenerar, degenerarse
Now, when any vicious simpleton excites my disgust by his paltry ribaldry, I cannot flatter myself that I am better than he: I am forced to confess that he and I are on a level. I wish I had stood firm-God knows I do! Dread remorse when you are tempted to err, Miss Eyre; remorse is the poison of life."
simpleton - simplón, ababol, panoli, gaznápiro
paltry - pobre; insignificante, ridículo, irrisorio, miserable
ribaldry - dulzura; panish: t-needed
tempted - tentado; tentar
err - error; errar, equivocarse
"Repentance is said to be its cure, sir."
repentance - arrepentimiento
"It is not its cure. Reformation may be its cure; and I could reform-I have strength yet for that-if-but where is the use of thinking of it, hampered, burdened, cursed as I am? Besides, since happiness is irrevocably denied me, I have a right to get pleasure out of life: and I will get it, cost what it may."
reformation - Reforma protestante
hampered - bstaculizado; estorbar, impedir, obstaculizar
cursed - Maldito; (curs) Maldito
"Then you will degenerate still more, sir."
"Possibly: yet why should I, if I can get sweet, fresh pleasure? And I may get it as sweet and fresh as the wild honey the bee gathers on the moor."
honey - carino; miel, dulzura, carino, tesoro, cielo
moor - páramos; páramo
"It will sting-it will taste bitter, sir."
sting - picar; aguijón
"How do you know?-you never tried it. How very serious-how very solemn you look: and you are as ignorant of the matter as this cameo head" (taking one from the mantelpiece). "You have no right to preach to me, you neophyte, that have not passed the porch of life, and are absolutely unacquainted with its mysteries."
cameo - camafeo, cameo
preach - predicar
neophyte - neófito, planta neófita
porch - pórtico, porche
unacquainted - desconocido
"I only remind you of your own words, sir: you said error brought remorse, and you pronounced remorse the poison of existence."
"And who talks of error now? I scarcely think the notion that flittered across my brain was an error. I believe it was an inspiration rather than a temptation: it was very genial, very soothing-I know that. Here it comes again! It is no devil, I assure you; or if it be, it has put on the robes of an angel of light. I think I must admit so fair a guest when it asks entrance to my heart."
inspiration - inspiración
temptation - tentación
devil - demonio; diablo
"Distrust it, sir; it is not a true angel."
distrust - desconfianza, recelo, desconfiar
"Once more, how do you know? By what instinct do you pretend to distinguish between a fallen seraph of the abyss and a messenger from the eternal throne-between a guide and a seducer?"
messenger - mensajero
eternal - eterno, eternal
"I judged by your countenance, sir, which was troubled when you said the suggestion had returned upon you. I feel sure it will work you more misery if you listen to it."
misery - miseria, sinvivir, desgracia, desdicha, infortunio
"Not at all-it bears the most gracious message in the world: for the rest, you are not my conscience-keeper, so don't make yourself uneasy. Here, come in, bonny wanderer!"
most gracious - el más benévolo
keeper - guardián, guardiana, custodio
uneasy - inquieta; inquieto
He said this as if he spoke to a vision, viewless to any eye but his own; then, folding his arms, which he had half extended, on his chest, he seemed to enclose in their embrace the invisible being.
"Now," he continued, again addressing me, "I have received the pilgrim-a disguised deity, as I verily believe. Already it has done me good: my heart was a sort of charnel; it will now be a shrine."
pilgrim - peregrino, colonista
disguised - disfrazado; disfraz, pantalla, tapadera, disfrazar
Deity - dios, diosa, deidad, divinidad
"To speak truth, sir, I don't understand you at all: I cannot keep up the conversation, because it has got out of my depth. Only one thing, I know: you said you were not as good as you should like to be, and that you regretted your own imperfection;-one thing I can comprehend: you intimated that to have a sullied memory was a perpetual bane.
I cannot keep up - No puedo seguir el ritmo
imperfection - imperfección
sullied - manchada; manchar, ensuciar, mancillar, macular
perpetual - perpetua; perpetuo
bane - perdición
It seems to me, that if you tried hard, you would in time find it possible to become what you yourself would approve; and that if from this day you began with resolution to correct your thoughts and actions, you would in a few years have laid up a new and stainless store of recollections, to which you might revert with pleasure."
revert - revertir
"Justly thought; rightly said, Miss Eyre; and, at this moment, I am paving hell with energy."
paving - Pavimentación; (pave); pavimentar
"I am laying down good intentions, which I believe durable as flint. Certainly, my associates and pursuits shall be other than they have been."
durable - duradera; duradero, durable, perdurable
Flint - pedernal, sílex, piedra
associates - asociados; asociado, companero, asociar, frecuentar, alternar
pursuits - persecuciones; persecución
"And better-so much better as pure ore is than foul dross. You seem to doubt me; I don't doubt myself: I know what my aim is, what my motives are; and at this moment I pass a law, unalterable as that of the Medes and Persians, that both are right."
ore - mena, mineral
foul - falta; asqueroso, fétido
motives - motivos; motivo, móbil
Persians - Persa
"They cannot be, sir, if they require a new statute to legalise them."
statute - estatuto
legalise - legalizar
"They are, Miss Eyre, though they absolutely require a new statute: unheard-of combinations of circumstances demand unheard-of rules."
unheard - No se oye
combinations - combinaciones; combinación
"That sounds a dangerous maxim, sir; because one can see at once that it is liable to abuse."
maxim - máxima
"Sententious sage! so it is: but I swear by my household gods not to abuse it."
sententious - conciso, lacónico, sucinto, sentencioso
sage - sabio; salvia
swear - jurar
"You are human and fallible."
fallible - falible
"I am: so are you-what then?"
"The human and fallible should not arrogate a power with which the divine and perfect alone can be safely intrusted."
arrogate - arrogarse
safely - seguro; seguramente
"That of saying of any strange, unsanctioned line of action,-'Let it be right.'"
"'Let it be right'-the very words: you have pronounced them."
"May it be right then," I said, as I rose, deeming it useless to continue a discourse which was all darkness to me; and, besides, sensible that the character of my interlocutor was beyond my penetration; at least, beyond its present reach; and feeling the uncertainty, the vague sense of insecurity, which accompanies a conviction of ignorance.
penetration - penetración
accompanies - acompana; acompanar
"Where are you going?"
"To put Adčle to bed: it is past her bedtime."
"You are afraid of me, because I talk like a Sphynx."
"Your language is enigmatical, sir: but though I am bewildered, I am certainly not afraid."
enigmatical - enigmático
"You are afraid-your self-love dreads a blunder."
self-love - (self-love) Amor propio
dreads - rastas; temer, pavor, temor
"In that sense I do feel apprehensive-I have no wish to talk nonsense."
"If you did, it would be in such a grave, quiet manner, I should mistake it for sense. Do you never laugh, Miss Eyre? Don't trouble yourself to answer-I see you laugh rarely; but you can laugh very merrily: believe me, you are not naturally austere, any more than I am naturally vicious. The Lowood constraint still clings to you somewhat; controlling your features, muffling your voice, and restricting your limbs; and you fear in the presence of a man and a brother-or father, or master, or what you will-to smile too gaily, speak too freely, or move too quickly: but, in time, I think you will learn to be natural with me, as I find it impossible to be conventional with you; and then your looks and movements will have more vivacity and variety than they dare offer now. I see at intervals the glance of a curious sort of bird through the close-set bars of a cage: a vivid, restless, resolute captive is there; were it but free, it would soar cloud-high.
austere - austeridad; severo, austero
constraint - constrenimiento, limitación, restricción
clings to - Aferrarse a
muffling - Silenciar; (muffle); mufla
restricting - restringir, limitar
vivacity - vivacidad
cage - jaula, cabina, enjaular
restless - inquieto
resolute - decidido; resoluto
captive - cautivo, prisionero, preso
soar - subir; planear, elevarse, planar
You are still bent on going?"
"It has struck nine, sir."
"Never mind,-wait a minute: Adčle is not ready to go to bed yet. My position, Miss Eyre, with my back to the fire, and my face to the room, favours observation. While talking to you, I have also occasionally watched Adčle (I have my own reasons for thinking her a curious study,-reasons that I may, nay, that I shall, impart to you some day). She pulled out of her box, about ten minutes ago, a little pink silk frock; rapture lit her face as she unfolded it; coquetry runs in her blood, blends with her brains, and seasons the marrow of her bones.
rapture - arrebatamiento
unfolded - desplegado; desplegar
coquetry - coquetería
blends - mezclas; mezcla, mezclar, combinar
marrow - médula, tuétano
'Il faut que je l'essaie!'cried she, 'et ŕ l'instant męme!'and she rushed out of the room. She is now with Sophie, undergoing a robing process: in a few minutes she will re-enter; and I know what I shall see,-a miniature of Céline Varens, as she used to appear on the boards at the rising of-But never mind that. However, my tenderest feelings are about to receive a shock: such is my presentiment; stay now, to see whether it will be realised."
faut - aut
męme - eme
undergoing - saliendo; experimentar, sufrir, soportar, padecer
robing - Robo; (rob) Robo
tenderest - más tierno; tierno
Ere long, Adčle's little foot was heard tripping across the hall. She entered, transformed as her guardian had predicted. A dress of rose-coloured satin, very short, and as full in the skirt as it could be gathered, replaced the brown frock she had previously worn; a wreath of rosebuds circled her forehead; her feet were dressed in silk stockings and small white satin sandals.
little foot - piecito, pie pequeno
silk stockings - medias de seda
sandals - sandalias; sandalia
"Est-ce que ma robe va bien?" cried she, bounding forwards; "et mes souliers? et mes bas? Tenez, je crois que je vais danser!"
robe - túnica; bata, hábito, toga
And spreading out her dress, she chasséed across the room till, having reached Mr. Rochester, she wheeled lightly round before him on tip-toe, then dropped on one knee at his feet, exclaiming-
"Monsieur, je vous remercie mille fois de votre bonté;" then rising, she added, "C'est comme cela que maman faisait, n'est-ce pas, monsieur?"
mille - Mil
fois - ois
"Pre-cise-ly!" was the answer; "and, 'comme cela,'she charmed my English gold out of my British breeches'pocket. I have been green, too, Miss Eyre,-ay, grass green: not a more vernal tint freshens you now than once freshened me. My Spring is gone, however, but it has left me that French floweret on my hands, which, in some moods, I would fain be rid of. Not valuing now the root whence it sprang; having found that it was of a sort which nothing but gold dust could manure, I have but half a liking to the blossom, especially when it looks so artificial as just now.
cise - ise
breeches - calzones; culata
vernal - vernal, primaveral
freshens - Refrescar
freshened - Refrescar
floweret - Florete
root - raíz
manure - cultivar, estercolar, abonar, estiércol, abono
blossom - flor, floración, florecer
I keep it and rear it rather on the Roman Catholic principle of expiating numerous sins, great or small, by one good work. I'll explain all this some day. Good-night."
sins - pecados; pecado
Mr. Rochester did, on a future occasion, explain it. It was one afternoon, when he chanced to meet me and Adčle in the grounds: and while she played with Pilot and her shuttlecock, he asked me to walk up and down a long beech avenue within sight of her.
shuttlecock - un volante; volante
beech - haya, pellín
avenue - avenida, vía, camino
He then said that she was the daughter of a French opera-dancer, Céline Varens, towards whom he had once cherished what he called a "grande passion." This passion Céline had professed to return with even superior ardour. He thought himself her idol, ugly as he was: he believed, as he said, that she preferred his "taille d'athlčte" to the elegance of the Apollo Belvidere.
professed - profesó; profesar
idol - ídolo
taille - aille
athlčte - Athlete
Apollo - apolo
"And, Miss Eyre, so much was I flattered by this preference of the Gallic sylph for her British gnome, that I installed her in an hotel; gave her a complete establishment of servants, a carriage, cashmeres, diamonds, dentelles, &c. In short, I began the process of ruining myself in the received style, like any other spoony. I had not, it seems, the originality to chalk out a new road to shame and destruction, but trode the old track with stupid exactness not to deviate an inch from the beaten centre. I had-as I deserved to have-the fate of all other spoonies. Happening to call one evening when Céline did not expect me, I found her out; but it was a warm night, and I was tired with strolling through Paris, so I sat down in her boudoir; happy to breathe the air consecrated so lately by her presence.
flattered - te sientes halagado; halagar, adular
preference - Preferencia
Gallic - galo
sylph - sílfide
gnome - gnomo, duende
cashmeres - cashmeres; cachemira
dentelles - Dentelle
ruining - Arruinar; (ruin); ruina, desbaratar, arruinar, estropear
originality - originalidad
chalk - creta, tiza, gis
destruction - destrucción, destrucción
trode - rode
deviate - desviarse
strolling - Paseando; (stroll); paseo, caminata, garbeo, vuelta, pasearse
consecrated - consagrado; consagrar
No,-I exaggerate; I never thought there was any consecrating virtue about her: it was rather a sort of pastille perfume she had left; a scent of musk and amber, than an odour of sanctity. I was just beginning to stifle with the fumes of conservatory flowers and sprinkled essences, when I bethought myself to open the window and step out on to the balcony. It was moonlight and gaslight besides, and very still and serene. The balcony was furnished with a chair or two; I sat down, and took out a cigar,-I will take one now, if you will excuse me."
consecrating - consagrar
perfume - aroma, perfume, perfumar
musk - almizcle
amber - ámbar, ambarino, de color ámbar
sanctity - santidad
sprinkled - rociado; salpicar, rociar, asperjar, espolvorear
essences - esencias; esencia, extracto
bethought - Pensar
balcony - balcón, palco
gaslight - Luz de gas
cigar - un puro; puro, cigarro
Here ensued a pause, filled up by the producing and lighting of a cigar; having placed it to his lips and breathed a trail of Havannah incense on the freezing and sunless air, he went on-
ensued - siguió; seguirse, resultar
trail - seguir, arrastrar, rastro, pista, sendero
incense - incienso, sahumerio, sahumo
"You never felt jealousy, did you, Miss Eyre? Of course not: I need not ask you; because you never felt love. You have both sentiments yet to experience: your soul sleeps; the shock is yet to be given which shall waken it. You think all existence lapses in as quiet a flow as that in which your youth has hitherto slid away. Floating on with closed eyes and muffled ears, you neither see the rocks bristling not far off in the bed of the flood, nor hear the breakers boil at their base.
sentiments - sentimientos; sentimiento
lapses - lapsos; lapso, desliz, prescripción
slid - Se deslizó; (slide); deslizar, resbalar, tobogán, resbaladilla
floating - flotante, flotador; (float); flotar, carroza
bristling - erizado; cerda, erizar, ponerse a la defensiva
breakers - Rompedor
But I tell you-and you may mark my words-you will come some day to a craggy pass in the channel, where the whole of life's stream will be broken up into whirl and tumult, foam and noise: either you will be dashed to atoms on crag points, or lifted up and borne on by some master-wave into a calmer current-as I am now.
dashed - dashed; raya, guion largo, carrerita, gota, pizca, lanzarse
atoms - tomos; átomo
"I like this day; I like that sky of steel; I like the sternness and stillness of the world under this frost. I like Thornfield, its antiquity, its retirement, its old crow-trees and thorn-trees, its grey façade, and lines of dark windows reflecting that metal welkin: and yet how long have I abhorred the very thought of it, shunned it like a great plague-house? How I do still abhor-"
façade - Fachada
abhorred - borrecido; aborrecer, detestar, abominar
plague - plaga, peste, plagar, molestar, atormentar
He ground his teeth and was silent: he arrested his step and struck his boot against the hard ground. Some hated thought seemed to have him in its grip, and to hold him so tightly that he could not advance.
grip - agarre; empunar, agarrar, aferrar, asir
tightly - con fuerza; herméticamente
We were ascending the avenue when he thus paused; the hall was before us. Lifting his eye to its battlements, he cast over them a glare such as I never saw before or since. Pain, shame, ire, impatience, disgust, detestation, seemed momentarily to hold a quivering conflict in the large pupil dilating under his ebon eyebrow.
Impatience - impaciencia
dilating - ilatando; dilatar, dilatarse
eyebrow - ceja
Wild was the wrestle which should be paramount; but another feeling rose and triumphed: something hard and cynical: self-willed and resolute: it settled his passion and petrified his countenance: he went on-
wrestle - luchar
paramount - importante; supremo, sumo
triumphed - triunfó; triunfo
cynical - cínico
"During the moment I was silent, Miss Eyre, I was arranging a point with my destiny. She stood there, by that beech-trunk-a hag like one of those who appeared to Macbeth on the heath of Forres. 'You like Thornfield?'she said, lifting her finger; and then she wrote in the air a memento, which ran in lurid hieroglyphics all along the house-front, between the upper and lower row of windows, 'Like it if you can! Like it if you dare!'
hag - bruja, arpía
memento - recuerdo
"'I will like it,'said I; 'I dare like it;'and" (he subjoined moodily) "I will keep my word; I will break obstacles to happiness, to goodness-yes, goodness. I wish to be a better man than I have been, than I am; as Job's leviathan broke the spear, the dart, and the habergeon, hindrances which others count as iron and brass, I will esteem but straw and rotten wood."
moodily - De mal humor
obstacles - obstáculos; obstáculo, óbice, traba, estorbo
leviathan - leviatán
spear - lanza, jabalina
hindrances - obstáculos; obstáculo, rémora, traba, impedimento
Adčle here ran before him with her shuttlecock. "Away!" he cried harshly; "keep at a distance, child; or go in to Sophie!" Continuing then to pursue his walk in silence, I ventured to recall him to the point whence he had abruptly diverged-
diverged - se separaron; divergir
"Did you leave the balcony, sir," I asked, "when Mdlle. Varens entered?"
I almost expected a rebuff for this hardly well-timed question, but, on the contrary, waking out of his scowling abstraction, he turned his eyes towards me, and the shade seemed to clear off his brow. "Oh, I had forgotten Céline! Well, to resume. When I saw my charmer thus come in accompanied by a cavalier, I seemed to hear a hiss, and the green snake of jealousy, rising on undulating coils from the moonlit balcony, glided within my waistcoat, and ate its way in two minutes to my heart's core. Strange!" he exclaimed, suddenly starting again from the point. "Strange that I should choose you for the confidant of all this, young lady; passing strange that you should listen to me quietly, as if it were the most usual thing in the world for a man like me to tell stories of his opera-mistresses to a quaint, inexperienced girl like you!
rebuff - rechazo; repulsa, desaire
scowling - frunciendo el ceno; (scowl) frunciendo el ceno
clear off - despejar, limpiar; largarse
charmer - encantador, encantadora
cavalier - caballero
hiss - siseo, sisear
undulating - ondulante; ondear, ondular, ondulado
Coils - bobinas; enroscarse
core - corazón (fruta); núcleo
most usual - el más habitual
mistresses - amantes; duena, maestra, querida, amante, barragana, manceba
inexperienced - no tiene experiencia; inexperto
But the last singularity explains the first, as I intimated once before: you, with your gravity, considerateness, and caution were made to be the recipient of secrets. Besides, I know what sort of a mind I have placed in communication with my own: I know it is one not liable to take infection: it is a peculiar mind: it is a unique one. Happily I do not mean to harm it: but, if I did, it would not take harm from me. The more you and I converse, the better; for while I cannot blight you, you may refresh me." After this digression he proceeded-
Singularity - singularidad
considerateness - consideración
caution - advertencia, precaución, cuidado, cautela, fianza, advertir
recipient - receptor, receptora, adjudicatario, recipiente
harm - dano; dano, danar
blight - mildiu, tizón, mal, plaga
refresh - refrescar
digression - intercambio; digresión, divagación
"I remained in the balcony. 'They will come to her boudoir, no doubt,'thought I: 'let me prepare an ambush.' So putting my hand in through the open window, I drew the curtain over it, leaving only an opening through which I could take observations; then I closed the casement, all but a chink just wide enough to furnish an outlet to lovers'whispered vows: then I stole back to my chair; and as I resumed it the pair came in. My eye was quickly at the aperture. Céline's chamber-maid entered, lit a lamp, left it on the table, and withdrew. The couple were thus revealed to me clearly: both removed their cloaks, and there was 'the Varens,'shining in satin and jewels,-my gifts of course,-and there was her companion in an officer's uniform; and I knew him for a young roué of a vicomte-a brainless and vicious youth whom I had sometimes met in society, and had never thought of hating because I despised him so absolutely.
ambush - emboscada, encerrona
lovers - amante
vows - votos; voto, manda, promesa
cloaks - capas; capa, embozo, velo, capa, embozar
brainless - descerebrado
despised - despreciado; desdenar
On recognising him, the fang of the snake Jealousy was instantly broken; because at the same moment my love for Céline sank under an extinguisher. A woman who could betray me for such a rival was not worth contending for; she deserved only scorn; less, however, than I, who had been her dupe.
recognising - Reconoces
Fang - colmillo
extinguisher - extintor, extinguidor
betray - traicionar, entregar, vender, delatar, demostrar
rival - rival
contending - Contendiente; (contend); contender, sostener
dupe - ingenuo
"They began to talk; their conversation eased me completely: frivolous, mercenary, heartless, and senseless, it was rather calculated to weary than enrage a listener. A card of mine lay on the table; this being perceived, brought my name under discussion. Neither of them possessed energy or wit to belabour me soundly, but they insulted me as coarsely as they could in their little way: especially Céline, who even waxed rather brilliant on my personal defects-deformities she termed them.
eased - aliviado; aliviar
heartless - sin corazón; cruel, desalmado
enrage - enfurecer, ensanar, sublevar, encolerizar
belabour - Hablar
insulted - insultado; insultar, insulto, ofensa, improperio
waxed - encerado; cera
deformities - deformidades; deformidad
Now it had been her custom to launch out into fervent admiration of what she called my 'beauté mâle:'wherein she differed diametrically from you, who told me point-blank, at the second interview, that you did not think me handsome. The contrast struck me at the time and-"
launch - lanzar; botar, echar al mar
beauté - Belleza
differed - diferían; ser distinto
Adčle here came running up again.
"Monsieur, John has just been to say that your agent has called and wishes to see you."
"Ah! in that case I must abridge. Opening the window, I walked in upon them; liberated Céline from my protection; gave her notice to vacate her hotel; offered her a purse for immediate exigencies; disregarded screams, hysterics, prayers, protestations, convulsions; made an appointment with the vicomte for a meeting at the Bois de Boulogne. Next morning I had the pleasure of encountering him; left a bullet in one of his poor etiolated arms, feeble as the wing of a chicken in the pip, and then thought I had done with the whole crew. But unluckily the Varens, six months before, had given me this filette Adčle, who, she affirmed, was my daughter; and perhaps she may be, though I see no proofs of such grim paternity written in her countenance: Pilot is more like me than she. Some years after I had broken with the mother, she abandoned her child, and ran away to Italy with a musician or singer. I acknowledged no natural claim on Adčle's part to be supported by me, nor do I now acknowledge any, for I am not her father; but hearing that she was quite destitute, I e'en took the poor thing out of the slime and mud of Paris, and transplanted it here, to grow up clean in the wholesome soil of an English country garden. Mrs. Fairfax found you to train it; but now you know that it is the illegitimate offspring of a French opera-girl, you will perhaps think differently of your post and protégée: you will be coming to me some day with notice that you have found another place-that you beg me to look out for a new governess, &c.
abridge - reducir; abreviar, condensar, compendiar, resumir, privar
liberated - liberado; liberar
screams - gritos; grito, gritar
protestations - Protesta
convulsions - convulsiones; convulsión
encountering - encontrando; encontrar
bullet - bala
pip - pepita
crew - tripulación
unluckily - desgraciadamente; desafortunadamente
filette - Filete
proofs - pruebas; prueba
paternity - Paternidad
Italy - Italia
acknowledge - reconocer, acusar recibo
destitute - indigente
slime - limo, cieno, lama, légamo, baba
transplanted - trasplantado; trasplantar, trasplante
wholesome - saludable, sano, íntegro
illegitimate - ilegítimo, natural
offspring - escendencia; vástago, descendiente, sucesor
protégée - protegida
eh - no, qué, cómo
"No: Adčle is not answerable for either her mother's faults or yours: I have a regard for her; and now that I know she is, in a sense, parentless-forsaken by her mother and disowned by you, sir-I shall cling closer to her than before. How could I possibly prefer the spoilt pet of a wealthy family, who would hate her governess as a nuisance, to a lonely little orphan, who leans towards her as a friend?"
disowned - desheredado; renegar
leans - se inclina; inclinarse
"Oh, that is the light in which you view it! Well, I must go in now; and you too: it darkens."
darkens - se oscurece; oscurecer, obscurecer
But I stayed out a few minutes longer with Adčle and Pilot-ran a race with her, and played a game of battledore and shuttlecock. When we went in, and I had removed her bonnet and coat, I took her on my knee; kept her there an hour, allowing her to prattle as she liked: not rebuking even some little freedoms and trivialities into which she was apt to stray when much noticed, and which betrayed in her a superficiality of character, inherited probably from her mother, hardly congenial to an English mind.
battledore - pala de lavar, moza
rebuking - reprender; reproche, reprensión, reprimenda, reprobación
freedoms - ibertades; libertad
superficiality - superficialidad
inherited - heredado; heredar
Still she had her merits; and I was disposed to appreciate all that was good in her to the utmost. I sought in her countenance and features a likeness to Mr. Rochester, but found none: no trait, no turn of expression announced relationship. It was a pity: if she could but have been proved to resemble him, he would have thought more of her.
merits - méritos; mérito, merecimiento, meritar
utmost - extremo, descollante, extremado, sobresaliente, sumo, máximo
trait - rasgo, característica
resemble - se parecen; asemejar
It was not till after I had withdrawn to my own chamber for the night, that I steadily reviewed the tale Mr. Rochester had told me. As he had said, there was probably nothing at all extraordinary in the substance of the narrative itself: a wealthy Englishman's passion for a French dancer, and her treachery to him, were every-day matters enough, no doubt, in society; but there was something decidedly strange in the paroxysm of emotion which had suddenly seized him when he was in the act of expressing the present contentment of his mood, and his newly revived pleasure in the old hall and its environs. I meditated wonderingly on this incident; but gradually quitting it, as I found it for the present inexplicable, I turned to the consideration of my master's manner to myself.
Englishman - inglés
treachery - traición; alevosía
paroxysm - paroxismo
contentment - satisfacción
wonderingly - Asombrada
inexplicable - inexplicable
consideration - consideración
The confidence he had thought fit to repose in me seemed a tribute to my discretion: I regarded and accepted it as such. His deportment had now for some weeks been more uniform towards me than at the first. I never seemed in his way; he did not take fits of chilling hauteur: when he met me unexpectedly, the encounter seemed welcome; he had always a word and sometimes a smile for me: when summoned by formal invitation to his presence, I was honoured by a cordiality of reception that made me feel I really possessed the power to amuse him, and that these evening conferences were sought as much for his pleasure as for my benefit.
discretion - discreción
deportment - Comportamiento
more uniform - más uniforme
chilling - escalofriante; (chill) escalofriante
unexpectedly - inesperadamente, inopinadamente
encounter - encuentro
honoured - onrado; honradez
The ease of his manner freed me from painful restraint: the friendly frankness, as correct as cordial, with which he treated me, drew me to him.
frankness - franqueza
cordial - cordial
I felt at times as if he were my relation rather than my master: yet he was imperious sometimes still; but I did not mind that; I saw it was his way. So happy, so gratified did I become with this new interest added to life, that I ceased to pine after kindred: my thin crescent-destiny seemed to enlarge; the blanks of existence were filled up; my bodily health improved; I gathered flesh and strength.
imperious - imperioso
pine - pino
enlarge - ampliar, agrandar, engrandecer
And was Mr. Rochester now ugly in my eyes? No, reader: gratitude, and many associations, all pleasurable and genial, made his face the object I best liked to see; his presence in a room was more cheering than the brightest fire. Yet I had not forgotten his faults; indeed, I could not, for he brought them frequently before me. He was proud, sardonic, harsh to inferiority of every description: in my secret soul I knew that his great kindness to me was balanced by unjust severity to many others. He was moody, too; unaccountably so; I more than once, when sent for to read to him, found him sitting in his library alone, with his head bent on his folded arms; and, when he looked up, a morose, almost a malignant, scowl blackened his features.
pleasurable - placentero
best liked - el más querido
sardonic - sardónico
moody - de mal humor; temperamental, panish: t-needed
malignant - maligno
scowl - ceno fruncido; fruncir el ceno/entrecejo
blackened - ennegrecido; ennegrecer, tiznar
But I believed that his moodiness, his harshness, and his former faults of morality (I say former, for now he seemed corrected of them) had their source in some cruel cross of fate. I believed he was naturally a man of better tendencies, higher principles, and purer tastes than such as circumstances had developed, education instilled, or destiny encouraged. I thought there were excellent materials in him; though for the present they hung together somewhat spoiled and tangled. I cannot deny that I grieved for his grief, whatever that was, and would have given much to assuage it.
moodiness - Mal humor
tendencies - tendencias; tendencia
principles - principios; principio
purer - más puro; puro
instilled - inculcado; infundir; inculcar
tangled - enredado; desorden, marana, enredo
deny - Negar
grieved - penado; afligirse, acongojarse
assuage - calmar, ain, apaciguar, sosegar
Though I had now extinguished my candle and was laid down in bed, I could not sleep for thinking of his look when he paused in the avenue, and told how his destiny had risen up before him, and dared him to be happy at Thornfield.
"Why not?" I asked myself. "What alienates him from the house? Will he leave it again soon? Mrs. Fairfax said he seldom stayed here longer than a fortnight at a time; and he has now been resident eight weeks. If he does go, the change will be doleful. Suppose he should be absent spring, summer, and autumn: how joyless sunshine and fine days will seem!"
alienates - alienar, enajenar
be absent - estar ausente
joyless - sin alegría; triste
I hardly know whether I had slept or not after this musing; at any rate, I started wide awake on hearing a vague murmur, peculiar and lugubrious, which sounded, I thought, just above me. I wished I had kept my candle burning: the night was drearily dark; my spirits were depressed. I rose and sat up in bed, listening. The sound was hushed.
musing - reflexiones; pensativo, contemplativo
lugubrious - lúgubre, triste
drearily - Deprimente
depressed - deprimido; deprimir
I tried again to sleep; but my heart beat anxiously: my inward tranquillity was broken. The clock, far down in the hall, struck two. Just then it seemed my chamber-door was touched; as if fingers had swept the panels in groping a way along the dark gallery outside. I said, "Who is there?" Nothing answered. I was chilled with fear.
chilled - frío
All at once I remembered that it might be Pilot, who, when the kitchen-door chanced to be left open, not unfrequently found his way up to the threshold of Mr. Rochester's chamber: I had seen him lying there myself in the mornings. The idea calmed me somewhat: I lay down. Silence composes the nerves; and as an unbroken hush now reigned again through the whole house, I began to feel the return of slumber.
composes - componer, constituir, conformar, constar, panish: t-needed
But it was not fated that I should sleep that night. A dream had scarcely approached my ear, when it fled affrighted, scared by a marrow-freezing incident enough.
Affrighted - Asusto
This was a demoniac laugh-low, suppressed, and deep-uttered, as it seemed, at the very keyhole of my chamber door. The head of my bed was near the door, and I thought at first the goblin-laugher stood at my bedside-or rather, crouched by my pillow: but I rose, looked round, and could see nothing; while, as I still gazed, the unnatural sound was reiterated: and I knew it came from behind the panels.
demoniac - Demonio
goblin - duende, trasgo
laugher - Risas
unnatural - no es natural; antinatural, contranatural, contra natura
reiterated - reiterado; reiterar
My first impulse was to rise and fasten the bolt; my next, again to cry out, "Who is there?"
bolt - perno; pestillo
Something gurgled and moaned. Ere long, steps retreated up the gallery towards the third-storey staircase: a door had lately been made to shut in that staircase; I heard it open and close, and all was still.
gurgled - farfulló; gluglú
moaned - gimió; gemido, quejido, quejar, gemir
"Was that Grace Poole? and is she possessed with a devil?" thought I. Impossible now to remain longer by myself: I must go to Mrs. Fairfax. I hurried on my frock and a shawl; I withdrew the bolt and opened the door with a trembling hand. There was a candle burning just outside, and on the matting in the gallery.
matting - estera; (mat) estera
I was surprised at this circumstance: but still more was I amazed to perceive the air quite dim, as if filled with smoke; and, while looking to the right hand and left, to find whence these blue wreaths issued, I became further aware of a strong smell of burning.
wreaths - coronas; guirnalda, corona, burelete, rodear
Something creaked: it was a door ajar; and that door was Mr. Rochester's, and the smoke rushed in a cloud from thence. I thought no more of Mrs. Fairfax; I thought no more of Grace Poole, or the laugh: in an instant, I was within the chamber. Tongues of flame darted round the bed: the curtains were on fire. In the midst of blaze and vapour, Mr. Rochester lay stretched motionless, in deep sleep.
creaked - rujió; crujido, crujir, chirriar, rechinar
darted - dardo, flechilla
stretched - estirado; estirar, estirarse, dar, extenderse, estirón
deep sleep - un sueno profundo
"Wake! wake!" I cried. I shook him, but he only murmured and turned: the smoke had stupefied him.
stupefied - estupefacto; pasmar, entorpecer, embotar
Not a moment could be lost: the very sheets were kindling, I rushed to his basin and ewer; fortunately, one was wide and the other deep, and both were filled with water. I heaved them up, deluged the bed and its occupant, flew back to my own room, brought my own water-jug, baptized the couch afresh, and, by God's aid, succeeded in extinguishing the flames which were devouring it.
ewer - aguamanil, pichel, jofaina
deluged - nundado; diluvio, avalancha
occupant - ocupante
jug - jarro, jarra
baptized - bautizado; bautizar
extinguishing - extinguiendo; extinguir, apagar
The hiss of the quenched element, the breakage of a pitcher which I flung from my hand when I had emptied it, and, above all, the splash of the shower-bath I had liberally bestowed, roused Mr. Rochester at last. Though it was now dark, I knew he was awake; because I heard him fulminating strange anathemas at finding himself lying in a pool of water.
quenched - apagado; saciar, apagar, templar
splash - salpicaduras; salpicadura, chapotear, salpicar
shower-bath - (shower-bath) bano de ducha
fulminating - ulminante; fulminar, fulminato
anathemas - anatemas; anatema
"Is there a flood?" he cried.
"No, sir," I answered; "but there has been a fire: get up, do; you are quenched now; I will fetch you a candle."
"In the name of all the elves in Christendom, is that Jane Eyre?" he demanded. "What have you done with me, witch, sorceress? Who is in the room besides you? Have you plotted to drown me?"
Christendom - cristiandad
witch - bruja
Sorceress - hechicera, bruja
drown - ahogarse
"I will fetch you a candle, sir; and, in Heaven's name, get up. Somebody has plotted something: you cannot too soon find out who and what it is."
"There! I am up now; but at your peril you fetch a candle yet: wait two minutes till I get into some dry garments, if any dry there be-yes, here is my dressing-gown. Now run!"
peril - peligro, riesgo
garments - prendas de vestir; prenda, prenda de vestir
dressing-gown - (dressing-gown) bata
I did run; I brought the candle which still remained in the gallery. He took it from my hand, held it up, and surveyed the bed, all blackened and scorched, the sheets drenched, the carpet round swimming in water.
drenched - empapado; empapar
"What is it? and who did it?" he asked. I briefly related to him what had transpired: the strange laugh I had heard in the gallery: the step ascending to the third storey; the smoke,-the smell of fire which had conducted me to his room; in what state I had found matters there, and how I had deluged him with all the water I could lay hands on.
briefly - revemente; concisamente
"What is it and who did it?" he asked
He listened very gravely; his face, as I went on, expressed more concern than astonishment; he did not immediately speak when I had concluded.
astonishment - asombro, estupefacción, sorpresa, extraneza
"Shall I call Mrs. Fairfax?" I asked.
"Mrs. Fairfax? No; what the deuce would you call her for? What can she do? Let her sleep unmolested."
unmolested - Sin ser molestado
"Then I will fetch Leah, and wake John and his wife."
"Not at all: just be still. You have a shawl on. If you are not warm enough, you may take my cloak yonder; wrap it about you, and sit down in the arm-chair: there,-I will put it on. Now place your feet on the stool, to keep them out of the wet. I am going to leave you a few minutes. I shall take the candle. Remain where you are till I return; be as still as a mouse.
wrap - envolver; enrollar
I must pay a visit to the second storey. Don't move, remember, or call any one."
He went: I watched the light withdraw. He passed up the gallery very softly, unclosed the staircase door with as little noise as possible, shut it after him, and the last ray vanished. I was left in total darkness. I listened for some noise, but heard nothing. A very long time elapsed. I grew weary: it was cold, in spite of the cloak; and then I did not see the use of staying, as I was not to rouse the house. I was on the point of risking Mr.
withdraw - retirarse; retirar(se)
Rochester's displeasure by disobeying his orders, when the light once more gleamed dimly on the gallery wall, and I heard his unshod feet tread the matting. "I hope it is he," thought I, "and not something worse."
disobeying - desobedeciendo; desobedecer, desacatar, insubordinarse
unshod - Descalzar
tread - pisada; pisar, pisotear, hollar
He re-entered, pale and very gloomy. "I have found it all out," said he, setting his candle down on the washstand; "it is as I thought."
He made no reply, but stood with his arms folded, looking on the ground. At the end of a few minutes he inquired in rather a peculiar tone-
"I forget whether you said you saw anything when you opened your chamber door."
"No, sir, only the candlestick on the ground."
"But you heard an odd laugh? You have heard that laugh before, I should think, or something like it?"
"Yes, sir: there is a woman who sews here, called Grace Poole,-she laughs in that way. She is a singular person."
"Just so. Grace Poole-you have guessed it. She is, as you say, singular-very. Well, I shall reflect on the subject. Meantime, I am glad that you are the only person, besides myself, acquainted with the precise details of to-night's incident. You are no talking fool: say nothing about it.
I will account for this state of affairs" (pointing to the bed): "and now return to your own room. I shall do very well on the sofa in the library for the rest of the night. It is near four:-in two hours the servants will be up."
"Good-night, then, sir," said I, departing.
departing - partiendo; (depart); irse, salir, partir, panish:
He seemed surprised-very inconsistently so, as he had just told me to go.
inconsistently - Incoherentemente
"What!" he exclaimed, "are you quitting me already, and in that way?"
"You said I might go, sir."
"But not without taking leave; not without a word or two of acknowledgment and good-will: not, in short, in that brief, dry fashion. Why, you have saved my life!-snatched me from a horrible and excruciating death! and you walk past me as if we were mutual strangers! At least shake hands."
excruciating - insoportable; torturar
He held out his hand; I gave him mine: he took it first in one, them in both his own.
"You have saved my life: I have a pleasure in owing you so immense a debt. I cannot say more. Nothing else that has being would have been tolerable to me in the character of creditor for such an obligation: but you: it is different;-I feel your benefits no burden, Jane."
debt - deuda, pufo
creditor - acreedor, acreedora
burden - carga
He paused; gazed at me: words almost visible trembled on his lips,-but his voice was checked.
"Good-night again, sir. There is no debt, benefit, burden, obligation, in the case."
"I knew," he continued, "you would do me good in some way, at some time;-I saw it in your eyes when I first beheld you: their expression and smile did not"-(again he stopped)-"did not" (he proceeded hastily) "strike delight to my very inmost heart so for nothing. People talk of natural sympathies; I have heard of good genii: there are grains of truth in the wildest fable. My cherished preserver, goodnight!"
inmost - intimo
sympathies - simpatías; compasión, empatía, compasión
preserver - Conservador
goodnight - Buenas noches
Strange energy was in his voice, strange fire in his look.
"I am glad I happened to be awake," I said: and then I was going.
"What! you will go?"
"I am cold, sir."
"Cold? Yes,-and standing in a pool! Go, then, Jane; go!" But he still retained my hand, and I could not free it. I bethought myself of an expedient.
"I think I hear Mrs. Fairfax move, sir," said I.
"Well, leave me:" he relaxed his fingers, and I was gone.
I regained my couch, but never thought of sleep. Till morning dawned I was tossed on a buoyant but unquiet sea, where billows of trouble rolled under surges of joy. I thought sometimes I saw beyond its wild waters a shore, sweet as the hills of Beulah; and now and then a freshening gale, wakened by hope, bore my spirit triumphantly towards the bourne: but I could not reach it, even in fancy-a counteracting breeze blew off land, and continually drove me back.
buoyant - boyante
unquiet - Inquietos
surges - subidas; aluvión, oleada, sobretensión, sobrecarga, dispararse
joy - alegría, júbilo
shore - oribera; costa, playa
Sense would resist delirium: judgment would warn passion. Too feverish to rest, I rose as soon as day dawned.
delirium - delirio
I both wished and feared to see Mr. Rochester on the day which followed this sleepless night: I wanted to hear his voice again, yet feared to meet his eye. During the early part of the morning, I momentarily expected his coming; he was not in the frequent habit of entering the schoolroom, but he did step in for a few minutes sometimes, and I had the impression that he was sure to visit it that day.
sleepless - sin dormir; insomne, (noche) en vela
But the morning passed just as usual: nothing happened to interrupt the quiet course of Adčle's studies; only soon after breakfast, I heard some bustle in the neighbourhood of Mr. Rochester's chamber, Mrs. Fairfax's voice, and Leah's, and the cook's-that is, John's wife-and even John's own gruff tones. There were exclamations of "What a mercy master was not burnt in his bed!
interrupt - interrumpir, interrupción
gruff - grunón; ronco
exclamations - exclamaciones; exclamación
"It is always dangerous to keep a candle lit at night." "How providential that He had presence of mind to think of the water-jug!" "I wonder he waked nobody!" "It is to be hoped he will not take cold with sleeping on the library sofa," &c.
providential - providencial
He had presence of mind - tener entereza
To much confabulation succeeded a sound of scrubbing and setting to rights; and when I passed the room, in going downstairs to dinner, I saw through the open door that all was again restored to complete order; only the bed was stripped of its hangings. Leah stood up in the window-seat, rubbing the panes of glass dimmed with smoke.
confabulation - Confabulación
scrubbing - fregando; fregar bien, restregar
saw through - ver a través; calar
dimmed - tenuado; débil, ténue
I was about to address her, for I wished to know what account had been given of the affair: but, on advancing, I saw a second person in the chamber-a woman sitting on a chair by the bedside, and sewing rings to new curtains. That woman was no other than Grace Poole.
There she sat, staid and taciturn-looking, as usual, in her brown stuff gown, her check apron, white handkerchief, and cap. She was intent on her work, in which her whole thoughts seemed absorbed: on her hard forehead, and in her commonplace features, was nothing either of the paleness or desperation one would have expected to see marking the countenance of a woman who had attempted murder, and whose intended victim had followed her last night to her lair, and (as I believed), charged her with the crime she wished to perpetrate. I was amazed-confounded. She looked up, while I still gazed at her: no start, no increase or failure of colour betrayed emotion, consciousness of guilt, or fear of detection.
taciturn - taciturno
paleness - pálido; palidez
lair - guarida
perpetrate - perpetrar
detection - detección
She said "Good morning, Miss," in her usual phlegmatic and brief manner; and taking up another ring and more tape, went on with her sewing.
phlegmatic - flegmático; flemático
"I will put her to some test," thought I: "such absolute impenetrability is past comprehension."
Impenetrability - impenetrabilidad
"Good morning, Grace," I said. "Has anything happened here? I thought I heard the servants all talking together a while ago."
"Only master had been reading in his bed last night; he fell asleep with his candle lit, and the curtains got on fire; but, fortunately, he awoke before the bed-clothes or the wood-work caught, and contrived to quench the flames with the water in the ewer."
quench - saciar, apagar, templar
"A strange affair!" I said, in a low voice: then, looking at her fixedly-"Did Mr. Rochester wake nobody? Did no one hear him move?"
fixedly - fijamente
She again raised her eyes to me, and this time there was something of consciousness in their expression. She seemed to examine me warily; then she answered-
warily - con cautela
"The servants sleep so far off, you know, Miss, they would not be likely to hear. Mrs. Fairfax's room and yours are the nearest to master's; but Mrs. Fairfax said she heard nothing: when people get elderly, they often sleep heavy." She paused, and then added, with a sort of assumed indifference, but still in a marked and significant tone-"But you are young, Miss; and I should say a light sleeper: perhaps you may have heard a noise?"
significant - significativo, importante
sleeper - Dormir
"I did," said I, dropping my voice, so that Leah, who was still polishing the panes, could not hear me, "and at first I thought it was Pilot: but Pilot cannot laugh; and I am certain I heard a laugh, and a strange one."
polishing - Pulido; (polish); polaco, polonés, polaco
She took a new needleful of thread, waxed it carefully, threaded her needle with a steady hand, and then observed, with perfect composure-
needleful - Aguja
threaded - enroscado; hilo, hebra, hilaza, tema, argumento, hilazón
composure - compostura, entereza
"It is hardly likely master would laugh, I should think, Miss, when he was in such danger: You must have been dreaming."
"I was not dreaming," I said, with some warmth, for her brazen coolness provoked me. Again she looked at me; and with the same scrutinising and conscious eye.
brazen - descarado
coolness - guay; frescura
provoked - provocado; provocar
scrutinising - Escrutinar
"Have you told master that you heard a laugh?" she inquired.
"I have not had the opportunity of speaking to him this morning."
"You did not think of opening your door and looking out into the gallery?" she further asked.
She appeared to be cross-questioning me, attempting to draw from me information unawares. The idea struck me that if she discovered I knew or suspected her guilt, she would be playing of some of her malignant pranks on me; I thought it advisable to be on my guard.
attempting - intentando; intentar, tentativa, intento, ensayo
unawares - inconsciente, desprevenido, ignorante
pranks - bromas; travesura, broma, inocentada, jugarreta
advisable - aconsejable, recomendable, conveniente
"On the contrary," said I, "I bolted my door."
bolted - atornillado; pestillo
"Then you are not in the habit of bolting your door every night before you get into bed?"
bolting - Perno; (bolt) Perno
"Fiend! she wants to know my habits, that she may lay her plans accordingly!" Indignation again prevailed over prudence: I replied sharply, "Hitherto I have often omitted to fasten the bolt: I did not think it necessary. I was not aware any danger or annoyance was to be dreaded at Thornfield Hall: but in future" (and I laid marked stress on the words) "I shall take good care to make all secure before I venture to lie down."
prudence - prudencia
omitted - omitido; omitir, dejar de lado, dejarse en el tintero
I still stood absolutely dumfoundered at what appeared to me her miraculous self-possession and most inscrutable hypocrisy, when the cook entered.
miraculous - milagroso
inscrutable - incrutable; inescrutable, impenetrable, incomprensible
hypocrisy - hipocresía
"Mrs. Poole," said she, addressing Grace, "the servants'dinner will soon be ready: will you come down?"
"No; just put my pint of porter and bit of pudding on a tray, and I'll carry it upstairs."
pint - una pinta; pinta
pudding - pudin, pudín
"You'll have some meat?"
"Just a morsel, and a taste of cheese, that's all."
"And the sago?"
Sago - sagú
"Never mind it at present: I shall be coming down before teatime: I'll make it myself."
The cook here turned to me, saying that Mrs. Fairfax was waiting for me: so I departed.
I hardly heard Mrs. Fairfax's account of the curtain conflagration during dinner, so much was I occupied in puzzling my brains over the enigmatical character of Grace Poole, and still more in pondering the problem of her position at Thornfield and questioning why she had not been given into custody that morning, or, at the very least, dismissed from her master's service. He had almost as much as declared his conviction of her criminality last night: what mysterious cause withheld him from accusing her?
conflagration - conflagración
custody - custodia, patria potestad, tutela
criminality - delincuencia; criminalidad
withheld - retenido; retener, negar, rehusar
accusing - acusando; acusar, denunciar
Why had he enjoined me, too, to secrecy? It was strange: a bold, vindictive, and haughty gentleman seemed somehow in the power of one of the meanest of his dependants; so much in her power, that even when she lifted her hand against his life, he dared not openly charge her with the attempt, much less punish her for it.
enjoined - ordenado; imponer, ordenar, mandar, prohibir
secrecy - secreto, sigilo, secretismo
vindictive - vindicativo, vengativo
dependants - dependiente
Had Grace been young and handsome, I should have been tempted to think that tenderer feelings than prudence or fear influenced Mr. Rochester in her behalf; but, hard-favoured and matronly as she was, the idea could not be admitted. "Yet," I reflected, "she has been young once; her youth would be contemporary with her master's: Mrs. Fairfax told me once, she had lived here many years. I don't think she can ever have been pretty; but, for aught I know, she may possess originality and strength of character to compensate for the want of personal advantages. Mr. Rochester is an amateur of the decided and eccentric: Grace is eccentric at least. What if a former caprice (a freak very possible to a nature so sudden and headstrong as his) has delivered him into her power, and she now exercises over his actions a secret influence, the result of his own indiscretion, which he cannot shake off, and dare not disregard?
tenderer - icitador; (tender) icitador
contemporary - contemporario, contemporáneo
aught - Algo
amateur - amateur, aficionado, diletante, inadaptado
shake off - Sacudir
disregard - desprecio; descuidar, desatender, ignorar
But, having reached this point of conjecture, Mrs. Poole's square, flat figure, and uncomely, dry, even coarse face, recurred so distinctly to my mind's eye, that I thought, "No; impossible! my supposition cannot be correct. Yet," suggested the secret voice which talks to us in our own hearts, "you are not beautiful either, and perhaps Mr. Rochester approves you: at any rate, you have often felt as if he did; and last night-remember his words; remember his look; remember his voice!"
uncomely - Inapropiado
supposition - suposición
approves - lo aprueba; aprobar; tener un buen concepto de
I well remembered all; language, glance, and tone seemed at the moment vividly renewed. I was now in the schoolroom; Adčle was drawing; I bent over her and directed her pencil. She looked up with a sort of start.
renewed - renovado; reanudar, renovar, reiniciar, recomenzar
"Qu'avez-vous, mademoiselle?" said she. "Vos doigts tremblent comme la feuille, et vos joues sont rouges: mais, rouges comme des cerises!"
tremblent - tembloroso
cerises - cerises; cereza
"I am hot, Adčle, with stooping!" She went on sketching; I went on thinking.
I hastened to drive from my mind the hateful notion I had been conceiving respecting Grace Poole; it disgusted me. I compared myself with her, and found we were different. Bessie Leaven had said I was quite a lady; and she spoke truth-I was a lady. And now I looked much better than I did when Bessie saw me; I had more colour and more flesh, more life, more vivacity, because I had brighter hopes and keener enjoyments.
hateful - odioso, detestable
disgusted - asqueado; repugnar, dar asco, asquear, asco, repugnancia
enjoyments - disfruta; disfrute, gozo, regocijo, holganza
"Evening approaches," said I, as I looked towards the window. "I have never heard Mr. Rochester's voice or step in the house to-day; but surely I shall see him before night: I feared the meeting in the morning; now I desire it, because expectation has been so long baffled that it is grown impatient."
approaches - enfoques; acercarse, aproximarse
expectation - expectativas; expectación, expectativa
When dusk actually closed, and when Adčle left me to go and play in the nursery with Sophie, I did most keenly desire it. I listened for the bell to ring below; I listened for Leah coming up with a message; I fancied sometimes I heard Mr. Rochester's own tread, and I turned to the door, expecting it to open and admit him. The door remained shut; darkness only came in through the window. Still it was not late; he often sent for me at seven and eight o'clock, and it was yet but six. Surely I should not be wholly disappointed to-night, when I had so many things to say to him! I wanted again to introduce the subject of Grace Poole, and to hear what he would answer; I wanted to ask him plainly if he really believed it was she who had made last night's hideous attempt; and if so, why he kept her wickedness a secret.
remained shut - permaneció cerrado
hideous - horrible, odioso, chocante, atemorizante
It little mattered whether my curiosity irritated him; I knew the pleasure of vexing and soothing him by turns; it was one I chiefly delighted in, and a sure instinct always prevented me from going too far; beyond the verge of provocation I never ventured; on the extreme brink I liked well to try my skill. Retaining every minute form of respect, every propriety of my station, I could still meet him in argument without fear or uneasy restraint; this suited both him and me.
irritated - irritado; irritar, enviscar
vexing - Molesto; (vex); molestar, irritar, disgustar, afligir
delighted - encantado; deleite, regocijo, delicia, placer
sure instinct - Instinto seguro
provocation - provocación
brink - al borde; borde
retaining - reteniendo; retener, detentar
A tread creaked on the stairs at last. Leah made her appearance; but it was only to intimate that tea was ready in Mrs. Fairfax's room. Thither I repaired, glad at least to go downstairs; for that brought me, I imagined, nearer to Mr. Rochester's presence.
intimate - intimo; íntimo
"You must want your tea," said the good lady, as I joined her; "you ate so little at dinner. I am afraid," she continued, "you are not well to-day: you look flushed and feverish."
flushed - enjuagado; rubor
"Oh, quite well! I never felt better."
"Then you must prove it by evincing a good appetite; will you fill the teapot while I knit off this needle?" Having completed her task, she rose to draw down the blind, which she had hitherto kept up, by way, I suppose, of making the most of daylight, though dusk was now fast deepening into total obscurity.
evincing - evidenciando; manifestar, revelar, evidenciar
deepening - profundizando; ahondar, checkprofundizar
obscurity - obscuridad; oscuridad
"It is fair to-night," said she, as she looked through the panes, "though not starlight; Mr. Rochester has, on the whole, had a favourable day for his journey."
favourable - favorable
"Journey!-Is Mr. Rochester gone anywhere? I did not know he was out."
"Oh, he set off the moment he had breakfasted! He is gone to the Leas, Mr. Eshton's place, ten miles on the other side Millcote. I believe there is quite a party assembled there; Lord Ingram, Sir George Lynn, Colonel Dent, and others."
Colonel - coronel
Dent - abolladura
"Do you expect him back to-night?"
"No-nor to-morrow either; I should think he is very likely to stay a week or more: when these fine, fashionable people get together, they are so surrounded by elegance and gaiety, so well provided with all that can please and entertain, they are in no hurry to separate. Gentlemen especially are often in request on such occasions; and Mr. Rochester is so talented and so lively in society, that I believe he is a general favourite: the ladies are very fond of him; though you would not think his appearance calculated to recommend him particularly in their eyes: but I suppose his acquirements and abilities, perhaps his wealth and good blood, make amends for any little fault of look.
amends - corregir, mejorar, enmendar
"Are there ladies at the Leas?"
"There are Mrs. Eshton and her three daughters-very elegant young ladies indeed; and there are the Honourable Blanche and Mary Ingram, most beautiful women, I suppose: indeed I have seen Blanche, six or seven years since, when she was a girl of eighteen. She came here to a Christmas ball and party Mr. Rochester gave. You should have seen the dining-room that day-how richly it was decorated, how brilliantly lit up! I should think there were fifty ladies and gentlemen present-all of the first county families; and Miss Ingram was considered the belle of the evening.
honourable - Honorable
brilliantly - brillantemente
"You saw her, you say, Mrs. Fairfax: what was she like?"
"Yes, I saw her. The dining-room doors were thrown open; and, as it was Christmas-time, the servants were allowed to assemble in the hall, to hear some of the ladies sing and play. Mr. Rochester would have me to come in, and I sat down in a quiet corner and watched them.
Christmas-time - (Christmas-time) época de Navidad
assemble - ensamblar, construir, montar, reunir, juntar
I never saw a more splendid scene: the ladies were magnificently dressed; most of them-at least most of the younger ones-looked handsome; but Miss Ingram was certainly the queen."
more splendid - más espléndido
magnificently - magníficamente
"And what was she like?"
"Tall, fine bust, sloping shoulders; long, graceful neck: olive complexion, dark and clear; noble features; eyes rather like Mr. Rochester's: large and black, and as brilliant as her jewels. And then she had such a fine head of hair; raven-black and so becomingly arranged: a crown of thick plaits behind, and in front the longest, the glossiest curls I ever saw.
sloping - inclinado; derramar(se), verter(se)
olive - aceituna, oliva, olivo, verde oliva, aceitunado, verde aceituna
raven - cuervo
becomingly - con elegancia
plaits - trenzas; pliegue
glossiest - más brillante; brillante, lustroso, reluciente
She was dressed in pure white; an amber-coloured scarf was passed over her shoulder and across her breast, tied at the side, and descending in long, fringed ends below her knee. She wore an amber-coloured flower, too, in her hair: it contrasted well with the jetty mass of her curls."
scarf - bufanda
fringed - con flecos; orla, extremista, radical, periferia, marginal
"She was greatly admired, of course?"
"Yes, indeed: and not only for her beauty, but for her accomplishments. She was one of the ladies who sang: a gentleman accompanied her on the piano. She and Mr. Rochester sang a duet."
duet - dúo, dueto
"Mr. Rochester? I was not aware he could sing."
"Oh! he has a fine bass voice, and an excellent taste for music."
bass - bajo
"And Miss Ingram: what sort of a voice had she?"
"A very rich and powerful one: she sang delightfully; it was a treat to listen to her;-and she played afterwards. I am no judge of music, but Mr. Rochester is; and I heard him say her execution was remarkably good."
delightfully - Deliciosamente
execution - ejecución
remarkably - otablemente; extraordinariamente
"And this beautiful and accomplished lady, she is not yet married?"
"It appears not: I fancy neither she nor her sister have very large fortunes. Old Lord Ingram's estates were chiefly entailed, and the eldest son came in for everything almost."
fortunes - ortunas; fortuna
estates - incas; propiedad, inmueble, bien, estamento, finca
entailed - mplica; acarrear, traer consigo
"But I wonder no wealthy nobleman or gentleman has taken a fancy to her: Mr. Rochester, for instance. He is rich, is he not?"
"Oh! yes. But you see there is a considerable difference in age: Mr. Rochester is nearly forty; she is but twenty-five."
"What of that? More unequal matches are made every day."
"True: yet I should scarcely fancy Mr. Rochester would entertain an idea of the sort. But you eat nothing: you have scarcely tasted since you began tea."
"No: I am too thirsty to eat. Will you let me have another cup?"
I was about again to revert to the probability of a union between Mr. Rochester and the beautiful Blanche; but Adčle came in, and the conversation was turned into another channel.
probability - probabilidad
When once more alone, I reviewed the information I had got; looked into my heart, examined its thoughts and feelings, and endeavoured to bring back with a strict hand such as had been straying through imagination's boundless and trackless waste, into the safe fold of common sense.
straying - desviarse; (stray) desviarse
boundless - ilimitado, sin límites
trackless - sin pistas; destraciado, destraciada
Arraigned at my own bar, Memory having given her evidence of the hopes, wishes, sentiments I had been cherishing since last night-of the general state of mind in which I had indulged for nearly a fortnight past; Reason having come forward and told, in her own quiet way a plain, unvarnished tale, showing how I had rejected the real, and rabidly devoured the ideal;-I pronounced judgment to this effect:-
arraigned - encausado; acusar
That a greater fool than Jane Eyre had never breathed the breath of life; that a more fantastic idiot had never surfeited herself on sweet lies, and swallowed poison as if it were nectar.
more fantastic - más fantástico
idiot - idiota
surfeited - surfeado; colmar
"You," I said, "a favourite with Mr. Rochester? You gifted with the power of pleasing him? You of importance to him in any way? Go! your folly sickens me. And you have derived pleasure from occasional tokens of preference-equivocal tokens shown by a gentleman of family and a man of the world to a dependent and a novice. How dared you? Poor stupid dupe!-Could not even self-interest make you wiser? You repeated to yourself this morning the brief scene of last night?-Cover your face and be ashamed!
folly - una locura; capricho
tokens - fichas; sena, recuerdo, ficha, prenda, símbolo, simbólico
equivocal - equivocada; equívoco, equívoco
self-interest - (self-interest) Interés propio
ashamed - avergonzado, abochornado, apenado
He said something in praise of your eyes, did he? Blind puppy! Open their bleared lids and look on your own accursed senselessness! It does good to no woman to be flattered by her superior, who cannot possibly intend to marry her; and it is madness in all women to let a secret love kindle within them, which, if unreturned and unknown, must devour the life that feeds it; and, if discovered and responded to, must lead, ignis-fatuus-like, into miry wilds whence there is no extrication.
puppy - cachorro, perrito
lids - tapas; tapa
accursed - exacto
kindle - indle; encender
unreturned - Sin devolver
extrication - extracción; extricación
"Listen, then, Jane Eyre, to your sentence: to-morrow, place the glass before you, and draw in chalk your own picture, faithfully, without softening one defect; omit no harsh line, smooth away no displeasing irregularity; write under it, 'Portrait of a Governess, disconnected, poor, and plain.'
draw in - hacerse de noche más temprano, acercarse, atraer
faithfully - fielmente
defect - falla, tacha, defecto, desperfecto, desertar
omit - omitir, dejar de lado, dejarse en el tintero
irregularity - irregularidad
"Afterwards, take a piece of smooth ivory-you have one prepared in your drawing-box: take your palette, mix your freshest, finest, clearest tints; choose your most delicate camel-hair pencils; delineate carefully the loveliest face you can imagine; paint it in your softest shades and sweetest lines, according to the description given by Mrs. Fairfax of Blanche Ingram; remember the raven ringlets, the oriental eye;-What! you revert to Mr.
most delicate - el más delicado
camel - camello
delineate - delinear
shades - sombras; sombra, persiana, umbral, tono, matiz, sombrear
Rochester as a model! Order! No snivel!-no sentiment!-no regret! I will endure only sense and resolution. Recall the august yet harmonious lineaments, the Grecian neck and bust; let the round and dazzling arm be visible, and the delicate hand; omit neither diamond ring nor gold bracelet; portray faithfully the attire, aërial lace and glistening satin, graceful scarf and golden rose; call it 'Blanche, an accomplished lady of rank.'
snivel - gimoteo; lloriquear, gimotear, moco
Grecian - Griego
diamond ring - anillo de diamantes
portray - retratar, describir
lace - encaje; cordón
glistening - resplandeciente; relucir, rielar
rank - rango, graduación
"Whenever, in future, you should chance to fancy Mr. Rochester thinks well of you, take out these two pictures and compare them: say, 'Mr. Rochester might probably win that noble lady's love, if he chose to strive for it; is it likely he would waste a serious thought on this indigent and insignificant plebeian?'"
strive - esforzarse
indigent - indigente, indigente
plebeian - plebeyo, barriobajero
"I'll do it," I resolved: and having framed this determination, I grew calm, and fell asleep.
I'll do it - Lo haré
determination - determinación, decisión, resolución, ahínco
I kept my word. An hour or two sufficed to sketch my own portrait in crayons; and in less than a fortnight I had completed an ivory miniature of an imaginary Blanche Ingram. It looked a lovely face enough, and when compared with the real head in chalk, the contrast was as great as self-control could desire.
crayons - crayones; creyón
self-control - (self-control) autocontrol
I derived benefit from the task: it had kept my head and hands employed, and had given force and fixedness to the new impressions I wished to stamp indelibly on my heart.
fixedness - fijación
indelibly - Indeleblemente
Ere long, I had reason to congratulate myself on the course of wholesome discipline to which I had thus forced my feelings to submit. Thanks to it, I was able to meet subsequent occurrences with a decent calm, which, had they found me unprepared, I should probably have been unequal to maintain, even externally.
congratulate - felicitar
unprepared - Prepararse
externally - externamente
A week passed, and no news arrived of Mr. Rochester: ten days, and still he did not come. Mrs. Fairfax said she should not be surprised if he were to go straight from the Leas to London, and thence to the Continent, and not show his face again at Thornfield for a year to come; he had not unfrequently quitted it in a manner quite as abrupt and unexpected. When I heard this, I was beginning to feel a strange chill and failing at the heart. I was actually permitting myself to experience a sickening sense of disappointment; but rallying my wits, and recollecting my principles, I at once called my sensations to order; and it was wonderful how I got over the temporary blunder-how I cleared up the mistake of supposing Mr.
permitting - permiso; permitir
sickening - asqueroso; asqueante, estomagante
rallying - concentración; (rally) concentración
recollecting - recordando; recordar, acordarse de
cleared up - limpiar; despejar(se); aclarar
Rochester's movements a matter in which I had any cause to take a vital interest. Not that I humbled myself by a slavish notion of inferiority: on the contrary, I just said-
"You have nothing to do with the master of Thornfield, further than to receive the salary he gives you for teaching his protégée, and to be grateful for such respectful and kind treatment as, if you do your duty, you have a right to expect at his hands. Be sure that is the only tie he seriously acknowledges between you and him; so don't make him the object of your fine feelings, your raptures, agonies, and so forth.
acknowledges - reconocer, acusar recibo
agonies - agonías; agonía, angustia
He is not of your order: keep to your caste, and be too self-respecting to lavish the love of the whole heart, soul, and strength, where such a gift is not wanted and would be despised."
lavish - lujoso; generoso, pródigo, dadivoso, derrochador
I went on with my day's business tranquilly; but ever and anon vague suggestions kept wandering across my brain of reasons why I should quit Thornfield; and I kept involuntarily framing advertisements and pondering conjectures about new situations: these thoughts I did not think to check; they might germinate and bear fruit if they could.
anon - anónimo
conjectures - onjeturas; conjetura, suposición, especulación, teoría
germinate - germinar
bear fruit - dar frutos
Mr. Rochester had been absent upwards of a fortnight, when the post brought Mrs. Fairfax a letter.
been absent - ha estado ausente
"It is from the master," said she, as she looked at the direction. "Now I suppose we shall know whether we are to expect his return or not."
And while she broke the seal and perused the document, I went on taking my coffee (we were at breakfast): it was hot, and I attributed to that circumstance a fiery glow which suddenly rose to my face. Why my hand shook, and why I involuntarily spilt half the contents of my cup into my saucer, I did not choose to consider.
seal - sello
spilt - derramado; derramar, verter
saucer - plato; platillo
"Well, I sometimes think we are too quiet; but we run a chance of being busy enough now: for a little while at least," said Mrs. Fairfax, still holding the note before her spectacles.
Ere I permitted myself to request an explanation, I tied the string of Adčle's pinafore, which happened to be loose: having helped her also to another bun and refilled her mug with milk, I said, nonchalantly-
refilled - rellenado; recambio; carga
"Mr. Rochester is not likely to return soon, I suppose?"
"Indeed he is-in three days, he says: that will be next Thursday; and not alone either. I don't know how many of the fine people at the Leas are coming with him: he sends directions for all the best bedrooms to be prepared; and the library and drawing-rooms are to be cleaned out; I am to get more kitchen hands from the George Inn, at Millcote, and from wherever else I can; and the ladies will bring their maids and the gentlemen their valets: so we shall have a full house of it.
wherever - dónde; adondequiera, doquier
maids - sirvientas; doncella, senorita, doméstica, empleada doméstica
valets - valets; edecán, mánager, aparcacoches
And Mrs. Fairfax swallowed her breakfast and hastened away to commence operations.
The three days were, as she had foretold, busy enough. I had thought all the rooms at Thornfield beautifully clean and well arranged; but it appears I was mistaken. Three women were got to help; and such scrubbing, such brushing, such washing of paint and beating of carpets, such taking down and putting up of pictures, such polishing of mirrors and lustres, such lighting of fires in bedrooms, such airing of sheets and feather-beds on hearths, I never beheld, either before or since. Adčle ran quite wild in the midst of it: the preparations for company and the prospect of their arrival, seemed to throw her into ecstasies.
foretold - predicho; predecir, pronosticar, vaticinar
beautifully - bonito; bellamente
taking down - quitar(se), retirar; anotar; desmontar; derribar; bajar los humos a alguien; arruinar; hacer mofa de alguien
lustres - lustres; brillo
feather-beds - (feather-beds) Colchones de plumas
hearths - hogares; hogar, lar, solera, fogón, crisol
ecstasies - éxtasis
She would have Sophie to look over all her "toilettes," as she called frocks; to furbish up any that were "passées," and to air and arrange the new. For herself, she did nothing but caper about in the front chambers, jump on and off the bedsteads, and lie on the mattresses and piled-up bolsters and pillows before the enormous fires roaring in the chimneys. From school duties she was exonerated: Mrs. Fairfax had pressed me into her service, and I was all day in the storeroom, helping (or hindering) her and the cook; learning to make custards and cheese-cakes and French pastry, to truss game and garnish desert-dishes.
toilettes - oilette
passées - pasados
caper - caperucita; juguetear, brincar
bolsters - refuerzos; cabecera, almohada, almohadón, zapata, matriz
exonerated - exonerado; exonerar, exculpar
hindering - obstáculo; retrasar; impedir; dificultar, entorpecer
custards - natillas; crema pastelera, natilla
truss - un braguero; faja para hernia, cercha
garnish - guarnecer, guarnición
The party were expected to arrive on Thursday afternoon, in time for dinner at six. During the intervening period I had no time to nurse chimeras; and I believe I was as active and gay as anybody-Adčle excepted. Still, now and then, I received a damping check to my cheerfulness; and was, in spite of myself, thrown back on the region of doubts and portents, and dark conjectures. This was when I chanced to see the third-storey staircase door (which of late had always been kept locked) open slowly, and give passage to the form of Grace Poole, in prim cap, white apron, and handkerchief; when I watched her glide along the gallery, her quiet tread muffled in a list slipper; when I saw her look into the bustling, topsy-turvy bedrooms,-just say a word, perhaps, to the charwoman about the proper way to polish a grate, or clean a marble mantelpiece, or take stains from papered walls, and then pass on.
intervening period - período intermedio
cheerfulness - alegría
thrown back - lanzar hacia atrás; frenar; apurar; devolver
glide - deslizarse; deslizar, planear
slipper - zapatilla, pantufla, babucha
bustling - ulliciosa; ajetreado; (bustle); polisón, abundar
charwoman - carterwoman; mujer de la limpieza
polish - pulir; polaco, polonés, polaco
stains - manchas; mancha, lamparón, tacha, mancilla, colorante
She would thus descend to the kitchen once a day, eat her dinner, smoke a moderate pipe on the hearth, and go back, carrying her pot of porter with her, for her private solace, in her own gloomy, upper haunt. Only one hour in the twenty-four did she pass with her fellow-servants below; all the rest of her time was spent in some low-ceiled, oaken chamber of the second storey: there she sat and sewed-and probably laughed drearily to herself,-as companionless as a prisoner in his dungeon.
sewed - cosido; coser
companionless - sin companía
dungeon - mazmorra, calabozo
The strangest thing of all was, that not a soul in the house, except me, noticed her habits, or seemed to marvel at them: no one discussed her position or employment; no one pitied her solitude or isolation. I once, indeed, overheard part of a dialogue between Leah and one of the charwomen, of which Grace formed the subject. Leah had been saying something I had not caught, and the charwoman remarked-
overheard - oído por casualidad; oír por casualidad, oír sin querer
charwomen - carteras; mujer de la limpieza
"She gets good wages, I guess?"
wages - salario; hacer (la guerra), librar, dar
"Yes," said Leah; "I wish I had as good; not that mine are to complain of,-there's no stinginess at Thornfield; but they're not one fifth of the sum Mrs. Poole receives. And she is laying by: she goes every quarter to the bank at Millcote. I should not wonder but she has saved enough to keep her independent if she liked to leave; but I suppose she's got used to the place; and then she's not forty yet, and strong and able for anything.
stinginess - acanería; tacanería
It is too soon for her to give up business."
"She is a good hand, I daresay," said the charwoman.
"Ah!-she understands what she has to do,-nobody better," rejoined Leah significantly; "and it is not every one could fill her shoes-not for all the money she gets."
significantly - significativamente
"That it is not!" was the reply. "I wonder whether the master-"
The charwoman was going on; but here Leah turned and perceived me, and she instantly gave her companion a nudge.
nudge - un codazo; pequeno empujón, empujoncito
"Doesn't she know?" I heard the woman whisper.
Leah shook her head, and the conversation was of course dropped. All I had gathered from it amounted to this,-that there was a mystery at Thornfield; and that from participation in that mystery I was purposely excluded.
participation - participación, colaboración, constribución
purposely - intencionadamente, aposta, a propósito
Thursday came: all work had been completed the previous evening; carpets were laid down, bed-hangings festooned, radiant white counterpanes spread, toilet tables arranged, furniture rubbed, flowers piled in vases: both chambers and saloons looked as fresh and bright as hands could make them.
festooned - engalanado; guirnalda, festón, guirnalda luminosa
radiant - radiante, punto radiante
counterpanes - contrapantallas; sobrecama, colcha
toilet tables - mesas de aseo
rubbed - frotado; frotación, frotamiento, frote, frotar
The hall, too, was scoured; and the great carved clock, as well as the steps and banisters of the staircase, were polished to the brightness of glass; in the dining-room, the sideboard flashed resplendent with plate; in the drawing-room and boudoir, vases of exotics bloomed on all sides.
scoured - registrado; fregar, restregar
flashed - flasheado; destello
exotics - exóticos; exótico, panish: t-needed
bloomed - floreció; flor
Afternoon arrived: Mrs. Fairfax assumed her best black satin gown, her gloves, and her gold watch; for it was her part to receive the company,-to conduct the ladies to their rooms, &c. Adčle, too, would be dressed: though I thought she had little chance of being introduced to the party that day at least.
However, to please her, I allowed Sophie to apparel her in one of her short, full muslin frocks. For myself, I had no need to make any change; I should not be called upon to quit my sanctum of the schoolroom; for a sanctum it was now become to me,-"a very pleasant refuge in time of trouble."
apparel - atavío, ropa
sanctum - Sanctasanctórum
refuge - refugio, refugiarse
It had been a mild, serene spring day-one of those days which, towards the end of March or the beginning of April, rise shining over the earth as heralds of summer. It was drawing to an end now; but the evening was even warm, and I sat at work in the schoolroom with the window open.
Heralds - heraldos; heraldo; anunciador
"It gets late," said Mrs. Fairfax, entering in rustling state. "I am glad I ordered dinner an hour after the time Mr. Rochester mentioned; for it is past six now. I have sent John down to the gates to see if there is anything on the road: one can see a long way from thence in the direction of Millcote." She went to the window. "Here he is!" said she. "Well, John" (leaning out), "any news?"
"They're coming, ma'am," was the answer. "They'll be here in ten minutes."
Adčle flew to the window. I followed, taking care to stand on one side, so that, screened by the curtain, I could see without being seen.
The ten minutes John had given seemed very long, but at last wheels were heard; four equestrians galloped up the drive, and after them came two open carriages. Fluttering veils and waving plumes filled the vehicles; two of the cavaliers were young, dashing-looking gentlemen; the third was Mr. Rochester, on his black horse, Mesrour, Pilot bounding before him; at his side rode a lady, and he and she were the first of the party.
equestrians - ecuestres; ecuestre
galloped - galopó; galope, galopar
fluttering - agitación; ondear, aletear
veils - velos; velo, velar
cavaliers - cavaliers; caballero
black horse - Caballo negro
Her purple riding-habit almost swept the ground, her veil streamed long on the breeze; mingling with its transparent folds, and gleaming through them, shone rich raven ringlets.
riding-habit - (riding-habit) Traje de montar
transparent - transparente
"Miss Ingram!" exclaimed Mrs. Fairfax, and away she hurried to her post below.
The cavalcade, following the sweep of the drive, quickly turned the angle of the house, and I lost sight of it. Adčle now petitioned to go down; but I took her on my knee, and gave her to understand that she must not on any account think of venturing in sight of the ladies, either now or at any other time, unless expressly sent for: that Mr.
cavalcade - cabalgata; cabalgada
angle - ángulo; anglo
venturing - Aventurarse; (venture); aventura, arriesgar
expressly - expresamente
Rochester would be very angry, &c. "Some natural tears she shed" on being told this; but as I began to look very grave, she consented at last to wipe them.
shed - cobertizo, nave
A joyous stir was now audible in the hall: gentlemen's deep tones and ladies'silvery accents blent harmoniously together, and distinguishable above all, though not loud, was the sonorous voice of the master of Thornfield Hall, welcoming his fair and gallant guests under its roof.
harmoniously - armoniosamente, harmoniosamente
distinguishable - se puede distinguir; distinguible
gallant - galante; gallardo, intrépido
Then light steps ascended the stairs; and there was a tripping through the gallery, and soft cheerful laughs, and opening and closing doors, and, for a time, a hush.
"Elles changent de toilettes," said Adčle; who, listening attentively, had followed every movement; and she sighed.
changent - Cambiar
listening attentively - escuchar con atención
"Chez maman," said she, "quand il y avait du monde, je le suivais partout, au salon et ŕ leurs chambres; souvent je regardais les femmes de chambre coiffer et habiller les dames, et c'était si amusant: comme cela on apprend."
monde - onde
partout - Participación
chambres - Cámaras
souvent - ouvent
regardais - te parece
femmes - Mujer
Si - Sí; (Sus) Sí
amusant - Divertido
apprend - Aprender
"Don't you feel hungry, Adčle?"
"Mais oui, mademoiselle: voilŕ cinq ou six heures que nous n'avons pas mangé."
voilŕ - voila
heures - eures
"Well now, while the ladies are in their rooms, I will venture down and get you something to eat."
And issuing from my asylum with precaution, I sought a back-stairs which conducted directly to the kitchen. All in that region was fire and commotion; the soup and fish were in the last stage of projection, and the cook hung over her crucibles in a frame of mind and body threatening spontaneous combustion. In the servants'hall two coachmen and three gentlemen's gentlemen stood or sat round the fire; the abigails, I suppose, were upstairs with their mistresses; the new servants, that had been hired from Millcote, were bustling about everywhere. Threading this chaos, I at last reached the larder; there I took possession of a cold chicken, a roll of bread, some tarts, a plate or two and a knife and fork: with this booty I made a hasty retreat.
precaution - precaución
commotion - conmoción
projection - protuberancia, proyección
crucibles - crisoles; crisol, prueba de fuego
threatening - amenazante; amenazador; (threaten); amenazar
spontaneous - espontáneo
combustion - combustión, quemado, reacción química, oxidación, revuelta
coachmen - Cochero
larder - la despensa; despensa, alacena
Tarts - tartas; ácido
booty - culo; botín
retreat - retirarse, batirse en retirada
I had regained the gallery, and was just shutting the back-door behind me, when an accelerated hum warned me that the ladies were about to issue from their chambers. I could not proceed to the schoolroom without passing some of their doors, and running the risk of being surprised with my cargo of victualage; so I stood still at this end, which, being windowless, was dark: quite dark now, for the sun was set and twilight gathering.
issue from - de dónde viene el problema
cargo - carga
victualage - Vivienda
I found Adčle peeping through the schoolroom door, which she held ajar. "What beautiful ladies!" cried she in English. "Oh, I wish I might go to them! Do you think Mr. Rochester will send for us by-and-bye, after dinner?"
peeping - espiando; espiar
send for - ir a buscar a, mandar a buscar a; hacer traer
"No, indeed, I don't; Mr. Rochester has something else to think about. Never mind the ladies to-night; perhaps you will see them to-morrow: here is your dinner."
She was really hungry, so the chicken and tarts served to divert her attention for a time. It was well I secured this forage, or both she, I, and Sophie, to whom I conveyed a share of our repast, would have run a chance of getting no dinner at all: every one downstairs was too much engaged to think of us. The dessert was not carried out till after nine and at ten footmen were still running to and fro with trays and coffee-cups.
forage - forraje, forrajear
dessert - dulce, postre
footmen - los lacayos; lacayo
I allowed Adčle to sit up much later than usual; for she declared she could not possibly go to sleep while the doors kept opening and shutting below, and people bustling about. Besides, she added, a message might possibly come from Mr. Rochester when she was undressed; "et alors quel dommage!"
quel - Qué
I told her stories as long as she would listen to them; and then for a change I took her out into the gallery. The hall lamp was now lit, and it amused her to look over the balustrade and watch the servants passing backwards and forwards. When the evening was far advanced, a sound of music issued from the drawing-room, whither the piano had been removed; Adčle and I sat down on the top step of the stairs to listen. Presently a voice blent with the rich tones of the instrument; it was a lady who sang, and very sweet her notes were.
amused - divertido; entretener, distraer, divertir
balustrade - balaustrada
The solo over, a duet followed, and then a glee: a joyous conversational murmur filled up the intervals. I listened long: suddenly I discovered that my ear was wholly intent on analysing the mingled sounds, and trying to discriminate amidst the confusion of accents those of Mr. Rochester; and when it caught them, which it soon did, it found a further task in framing the tones, rendered by distance inarticulate, into words.
solo - solo, solitario, tocar un solo, ir por su cuenta
glee - júbilo, alegría, regocijo
conversational - conversacional
mingled - mezclados; mezclar
discriminate - discriminar
The clock struck eleven. I looked at Adčle, whose head leant against my shoulder; her eyes were waxing heavy, so I took her up in my arms and carried her off to bed. It was near one before the gentlemen and ladies sought their chambers.
The next day was as fine as its predecessor: it was devoted by the party to an excursion to some site in the neighbourhood. They set out early in the forenoon, some on horseback, the rest in carriages; I witnessed both the departure and the return. Miss Ingram, as before, was the only lady equestrian; and, as before, Mr.
predecessor - predecesor, antecesor
devoted - dedicado; dedicar
excursion - excursión
horseback - a caballo
witnessed - testigos; testimonio, testigo, prueba, testificar, probar
equestrian - ecuestre
Rochester galloped at her side; the two rode a little apart from the rest. I pointed out this circumstance to Mrs. Fairfax, who was standing at the window with me-
"You said it was not likely they should think of being married," said I, "but you see Mr. Rochester evidently prefers her to any of the other ladies."
"Yes, I daresay: no doubt he admires her."
"And she him," I added; "look how she leans her head towards him as if she were conversing confidentially; I wish I could see her face; I have never had a glimpse of it yet."
conversing - conversando; conversar, charlar
confidentially - confidencialmente
"You will see her this evening," answered Mrs. Fairfax. "I happened to remark to Mr. Rochester how much Adčle wished to be introduced to the ladies, and he said: 'Oh! let her come into the drawing-room after dinner; and request Miss Eyre to accompany her.'"
"Yes; he said that from mere politeness: I need not go, I am sure," I answered.
"Well, I observed to him that as you were unused to company, I did not think you would like appearing before so gay a party-all strangers; and he replied, in his quick way-'Nonsense! If she objects, tell her it is my particular wish; and if she resists, say I shall come and fetch her in case of contumacy.'"
resists - se resiste; resistir, panish: t-needed
contumacy - contumacia
"I will not give him that trouble," I answered. "I will go, if no better may be; but I don't like it. Shall you be there, Mrs. Fairfax?"
"No; I pleaded off, and he admitted my plea. I'll tell you how to manage so as to avoid the embarrassment of making a formal entrance, which is the most disagreeable part of the business. You must go into the drawing-room while it is empty, before the ladies leave the dinner-table; choose your seat in any quiet nook you like; you need not stay long after the gentlemen come in, unless you please: just let Mr. Rochester see you are there and then slip away-nobody will notice you.
plea - alegato, petición, ruego, justificación, súplica
embarrassment - vergüenza, corte g
nook - rincón, recoveco
"Will these people remain long, do you think?"
"Perhaps two or three weeks, certainly not more. After the Easter recess, Sir George Lynn, who was lately elected member for Millcote, will have to go up to town and take his seat; I daresay Mr. Rochester will accompany him: it surprises me that he has already made so protracted a stay at Thornfield."
It was with some trepidation that I perceived the hour approach when I was to repair with my charge to the drawing-room. Adčle had been in a state of ecstasy all day, after hearing she was to be presented to the ladies in the evening; and it was not till Sophie commenced the operation of dressing her that she sobered down. Then the importance of the process quickly steadied her, and by the time she had her curls arranged in well-smoothed, drooping clusters, her pink satin frock put on, her long sash tied, and her lace mittens adjusted, she looked as grave as any judge.
trepidation - trepidación; preocupación, duda, aprensión, ansiedad
ecstasy - éxtasis
sobered - sobrio, sereno, apagado
steadied - fijado; firme, liso, fijo
clusters - grupos; amontonamiento, agrupamiento, aglomeración, racimo
No need to warn her not to disarrange her attire: when she was dressed, she sat demurely down in her little chair, taking care previously to lift up the satin skirt for fear she should crease it, and assured me she would not stir thence till I was ready. This I quickly was: my best dress (the silver-grey one, purchased for Miss Temple's wedding, and never worn since) was soon put on; my hair was soon smoothed; my sole ornament, the pearl brooch, soon assumed. We descended.
disarrange - desarreglar; desordenar
crease - arruga, pliegue, raya
purchased - comprado; compra, adquisición, comprar
Fortunately there was another entrance to the drawing-room than that through the saloon where they were all seated at dinner. We found the apartment vacant; a large fire burning silently on the marble hearth, and wax candles shining in bright solitude, amid the exquisite flowers with which the tables were adorned.
adorned - dornado; adornar, engalanar
The crimson curtain hung before the arch: slight as was the separation this drapery formed from the party in the adjoining saloon, they spoke in so low a key that nothing of their conversation could be distinguished beyond a soothing murmur.
adjoining - colindante; lindar
distinguished - istinguido; distinguir
Adčle, who appeared to be still under the influence of a most solemnising impression, sat down, without a word, on the footstool I pointed out to her. I retired to a window-seat, and taking a book from a table near, endeavoured to read. Adčle brought her stool to my feet; ere long she touched my knee.
solemnising - Solemnizar
"What is it, Adčle?"
"Est-ce que je ne puis pas prendrie une seule de ces fleurs magnifiques, mademoiselle? Seulement pour completer ma toilette."
ne - No
seule - eule
magnifiques - Magníficos
"You think too much of your 'toilette,'Adčle: but you may have a flower." And I took a rose from a vase and fastened it in her sash. She sighed a sigh of ineffable satisfaction, as if her cup of happiness were now full. I turned my face away to conceal a smile I could not suppress: there was something ludicrous as well as painful in the little Parisienne's earnest and innate devotion to matters of dress.
vase - un jarrón; jarrón, florero, vasija
ineffable - inefable
Suppress - reprimar, contener, ocultar, suprimir
ludicrous - irrisorio, ridículo, disparatado, descabellado
devotion - devoción, dedicación, fervor, veneración
A soft sound of rising now became audible; the curtain was swept back from the arch; through it appeared the dining-room, with its lit lustre pouring down light on the silver and glass of a magnificent dessert-service covering a long table; a band of ladies stood in the opening; they entered, and the curtain fell behind them.
magnificent - magnífico, macanudo
fell behind - quedarse atrás
There were but eight; yet, somehow, as they flocked in, they gave the impression of a much larger number. Some of them were very tall; many were dressed in white; and all had a sweeping amplitude of array that seemed to magnify their persons as a mist magnifies the moon. I rose and curtseyed to them: one or two bent their heads in return, the others only stared at me.
flocked - rebanado; rebano, bandada
amplitude - amplitud
mist - niebla; neblina
magnifies - aumenta; magnificar
They dispersed about the room, reminding me, by the lightness and buoyancy of their movements, of a flock of white plumy birds. Some of them threw themselves in half-reclining positions on the sofas and ottomans: some bent over the tables and examined the flowers and books: the rest gathered in a group round the fire: all talked in a low but clear tone which seemed habitual to them.
dispersed - dispersión; dispersar
buoyancy - sustentación hidráulica, impulso, flotabilidad, optimismo
reclining - reclinado; reclinarse
sofas - sofás; sofá, sillón
I knew their names afterwards, and may as well mention them now.
First, there was Mrs. Eshton and two of her daughters. She had evidently been a handsome woman, and was well preserved still. Of her daughters, the eldest, Amy, was rather little: naive, and child-like in face and manner, and piquant in form; her white muslin dress and blue sash became her well.
preserved - conservado; mermelada, reserva, reserva natural, coto, terreno
naive - cándido, ingenuo, naíf, naif
The second, Louisa, was taller and more elegant in figure; with a very pretty face, of that order the French term minois chiffoné: both sisters were fair as lilies.
more elegant - más elegante
Lady Lynn was a large and stout personage of about forty, very erect, very haughty-looking, richly dressed in a satin robe of changeful sheen: her dark hair shone glossily under the shade of an azure plume, and within the circlet of a band of gems.
sheen - brillo, lustre
plume - pluma
Mrs. Colonel Dent was less showy; but, I thought, more lady-like. She had a slight figure, a pale, gentle face, and fair hair. Her black satin dress, her scarf of rich foreign lace, and her pearl ornaments, pleased me better than the rainbow radiance of the titled dame.
showy - vistoso; ostentoso, jactancioso, aparatoso, fardón
rainbow - arco iris, abanico, multicolor, policromático, irisado
But the three most distinguished-partly, perhaps, because the tallest figures of the band-were the Dowager Lady Ingram and her daughters, Blanche and Mary. They were all three of the loftiest stature of women. The Dowager might be between forty and fifty: her shape was still fine; her hair (by candle-light at least) still black; her teeth, too, were still apparently perfect. Most people would have termed her a splendid woman of her age: and so she was, no doubt, physically speaking; but then there was an expression of almost insupportable haughtiness in her bearing and countenance. She had Roman features and a double chin, disappearing into a throat like a pillar: these features appeared to me not only inflated and darkened, but even furrowed with pride; and the chin was sustained by the same principle, in a position of almost preternatural erectness.
Dowager - viuda, dama
loftiest - el más alto; majestuoso
stature - estatura
haughtiness - soberbia, altanería, altivez, orgullo
double chin - doble mentón
inflated - inflado; inflar, hinchar
furrowed - arrugado; surco, arruga, surcar, acanalar, fruncir
erectness - erección
She had, likewise, a fierce and a hard eye: it reminded me of Mrs. Reed's; she mouthed her words in speaking; her voice was deep, its inflections very pompous, very dogmatical,-very intolerable, in short. A crimson velvet robe, and a shawl turban of some gold-wrought Indian fabric, invested her (I suppose she thought) with a truly imperial dignity.
inflections - inflexiones; flexión, inflexión, punto de inflexión
dogmatical - dogmática
fabric - tela, tejido, género
Imperial - imperial
dignity - dignidad
Blanche and Mary were of equal stature,-straight and tall as poplars. Mary was too slim for her height, but Blanche was moulded like a Dian. I regarded her, of course, with special interest. First, I wished to see whether her appearance accorded with Mrs.
poplars - álamos; álamo, chopo
Fairfax's description; secondly, whether it at all resembled the fancy miniature I had painted of her; and thirdly-it will out!-whether it were such as I should fancy likely to suit Mr. Rochester's taste.
resembled - se parecía; asemejar
As far as person went, she answered point for point, both to my picture and Mrs.
Fairfax's description. The noble bust, the sloping shoulders, the graceful neck, the dark eyes and black ringlets were all there;-but her face? Her face was like her mother's; a youthful unfurrowed likeness: the same low brow, the same high features, the same pride. It was not, however, so saturnine a pride! she laughed continually; her laugh was satirical, and so was the habitual expression of her arched and haughty lip.
sloping - inclinado; pendiente, cuesta, desnivel, inclinación, ojo chueco
unfurrowed - Sin cultivar
saturnine - saturno; saturnino, saturnina, soturno, soturna
satirical - satírico
arched - arqueado; bóveda
Genius is said to be self-conscious. I cannot tell whether Miss Ingram was a genius, but she was self-conscious-remarkably self-conscious indeed. She entered into a discourse on botany with the gentle Mrs. Dent. It seemed Mrs. Dent had not studied that science: though, as she said, she liked flowers, "especially wild ones;" Miss Ingram had, and she ran over its vocabulary with an air.
Botany - botánica
vocabulary - vocabulario, léxico
I presently perceived she was (what is vernacularly termed) trailing Mrs. Dent; that is, playing on her ignorance-her trail might be clever, but it was decidedly not good-natured. She played: her execution was brilliant; she sang: her voice was fine; she talked French apart to her mamma; and she talked it well, with fluency and with a good accent.
vernacularly - vernacularmente
trailing - recorriendo; seguir, arrastrar, rastro, pista, sendero
mamma - mama, mamá
fluency - fluidez, desenvoltura, desparpajo
Mary had a milder and more open countenance than Blanche; softer features too, and a skin some shades fairer (Miss Ingram was dark as a Spaniard)-but Mary was deficient in life: her face lacked expression, her eye lustre; she had nothing to say, and having once taken her seat, remained fixed like a statue in its niche. The sisters were both attired in spotless white.
Spaniard - espanol; espanol, espanola
deficient - deficiente
niche - hornacina, nicho
spotless - impecable, sin manchas
And did I now think Miss Ingram such a choice as Mr. Rochester would be likely to make? I could not tell-I did not know his taste in female beauty. If he liked the majestic, she was the very type of majesty: then she was accomplished, sprightly. Most gentlemen would admire her, I thought; and that he did admire her, I already seemed to have obtained proof: to remove the last shade of doubt, it remained but to see them together.
You are not to suppose, reader, that Adčle has all this time been sitting motionless on the stool at my feet: no; when the ladies entered, she rose, advanced to meet them, made a stately reverence, and said with gravity-
"Bon jour, mesdames."
jour - our
And Miss Ingram had looked down at her with a mocking air, and exclaimed, "Oh, what a little puppet!"
mocking - burlándose; burlón; (moc) burlándose; burlón
puppet - títere, marioneta, fantoche
Lady Lynn had remarked, "It is Mr. Rochester's ward, I suppose-the little French girl he was speaking of."
French girl - Chica francesa
Mrs. Dent had kindly taken her hand, and given her a kiss.
Amy and Louisa Eshton had cried out simultaneously-"What a love of a child!"
And then they had called her to a sofa, where she now sat, ensconced between them, chattering alternately in French and broken English; absorbing not only the young ladies'attention, but that of Mrs. Eshton and Lady Lynn, and getting spoilt to her heart's content.
ensconced - instalado; instalarse
chattering - Charlando; (chatter) Charlando
absorbing - absorbente; absorber
At last coffee is brought in, and the gentlemen are summoned. I sit in the shade-if any shade there be in this brilliantly-lit apartment; the window-curtain half hides me. Again the arch yawns; they come. The collective appearance of the gentlemen, like that of the ladies, is very imposing: they are all costumed in black; most of them are tall, some young. Henry and Frederick Lynn are very dashing sparks indeed; and Colonel Dent is a fine soldierly man. Mr.
collective - colectivo, colectivo
sparks - chispas; chispa
soldierly - Soldado
Eshton, the magistrate of the district, is gentleman-like: his hair is quite white, his eyebrows and whiskers still dark, which gives him something of the appearance of a "pčre noble de théâtre." Lord Ingram, like his sisters, is very tall; like them, also, he is handsome; but he shares Mary's apathetic and listless look: he seems to have more length of limb than vivacity of blood or vigour of brain.
magistrate - magistrado, togado
whiskers - bigotes; vibrisa, bigote
pčre - Pere
théâtre - teatro
apathetic - apático, indiferente, desganado
listless - lánguido; apático, indiferente
And where is Mr. Rochester?
He comes in last: I am not looking at the arch, yet I see him enter. I try to concentrate my attention on those netting-needles, on the meshes of the purse I am forming-I wish to think only of the work I have in my hands, to see only the silver beads and silk threads that lie in my lap; whereas, I distinctly behold his figure, and I inevitably recall the moment when I last saw it; just after I had rendered him, what he deemed, an essential service, and he, holding my hand, and looking down on my face, surveyed me with eyes that revealed a heart full and eager to overflow; in whose emotions I had a part.
meshes - mallas; malla, rejilla, engranaje
beads - perlas; cuenta, gota
silk threads - hilos de seda
overflow - desbordamiento, aliviadero, escape, rebosar, colmar
How near had I approached him at that moment! What had occurred since, calculated to change his and my relative positions? Yet now, how distant, how far estranged we were! So far estranged, that I did not expect him to come and speak to me. I did not wonder, when, without looking at me, he took a seat at the other side of the room, and began conversing with some of the ladies.
estranged - distanciado; alienar, enajenar
No sooner did I see that his attention was riveted on them, and that I might gaze without being observed, than my eyes were drawn involuntarily to his face; I could not keep their lids under control: they would rise, and the irids would fix on him.
I looked, and had an acute pleasure in looking,-a precious yet poignant pleasure; pure gold, with a steely point of agony: a pleasure like what the thirst-perishing man might feel who knows the well to which he has crept is poisoned, yet stoops and drinks divine draughts nevertheless.
acute - agudo, perspicaz, sagaz, grave
poignant - conmovedor; puntiagudo, punzo-cortante, claro, elocuente
steely - de acero; acerado
perishing - pereciendo; perecer
stoops - inclinarse, agacharse
draughts - dibujos; dama
Most true is it that "beauty is in the eye of the gazer." My master's colourless, olive face, square, massive brow, broad and jetty eyebrows, deep eyes, strong features, firm, grim mouth,-all energy, decision, will,-were not beautiful, according to rule; but they were more than beautiful to me; they were full of an interest, an influence that quite mastered me,-that took my feelings from my own power and fettered them in his.
gazer - mirón
colourless - incoloro
fettered - encadenado; grillos, pihuelas, or animals, grillos, pihuela
I had not intended to love him; the reader knows I had wrought hard to extirpate from my soul the germs of love there detected; and now, at the first renewed view of him, they spontaneously arrived, green and strong! He made me love him without looking at me.
extirpate - extirpar, descepar
detected - detectado; detectar, sentir
spontaneously - espontáneamente
I compared him with his guests. What was the gallant grace of the Lynns, the languid elegance of Lord Ingram,-even the military distinction of Colonel Dent, contrasted with his look of native pith and genuine power? I had no sympathy in their appearance, their expression: yet I could imagine that most observers would call them attractive, handsome, imposing; while they would pronounce Mr. Rochester at once harsh-featured and melancholy-looking. I saw them smile, laugh-it was nothing; the light of the candles had as much soul in it as their smile; the tinkle of the bell as much significance as their laugh. I saw Mr. Rochester smile:-his stern features softened; his eye grew both brilliant and gentle, its ray both searching and sweet. He was talking, at the moment, to Louisa and Amy Eshton. I wondered to see them receive with calm that look which seemed to me so penetrating: I expected their eyes to fall, their colour to rise under it; yet I was glad when I found they were in no sense moved. "He is not to them what he is to me," I thought: "he is not of their kind.
languid - lánguida; lánguido
military - militar, ejército
distinction - distinción
contrasted with - contrastado con
pith - pitón; piel blanca
observers - observadores; observador
softened - suavizado; ablandar, suavizar
I believe he is of mine;-I am sure he is-I feel akin to him-I understand the language of his countenance and movements: though rank and wealth sever us widely, I have something in my brain and heart, in my blood and nerves, that assimilates me mentally to him. Did I say, a few days since, that I had nothing to do with him but to receive my salary at his hands? Did I forbid myself to think of him in any other light than as a paymaster? Blasphemy against nature! Every good, true, vigorous feeling I have gathers impulsively round him. I know I must conceal my sentiments: I must smother hope; I must remember that he cannot care much for me. For when I say that I am of his kind, I do not mean that I have his force to influence, and his spell to attract; I mean only that I have certain tastes and feelings in common with him. I must, then, repeat continually that we are for ever sundered:-and yet, while I breathe and think, I must love him."
sever - cortar, tallar
widely - comúnmente, generalmente, frecuentemente, extensamente
assimilates - asimilar
forbid - prohibir, vedar, vetar, negar
paymaster - pagador
blasphemy - blasfemia
impulsively - Impulsivamente
smother - asfixiar, ahogar
sundered - Romper
Coffee is handed. The ladies, since the gentlemen entered, have become lively as larks; conversation waxes brisk and merry. Colonel Dent and Mr. Eshton argue on politics; their wives listen. The two proud dowagers, Lady Lynn and Lady Ingram, confabulate together. Sir George-whom, by-the-bye, I have forgotten to describe,-a very big, and very fresh-looking country gentleman, stands before their sofa, coffee-cup in hand, and occasionally puts in a word. Mr. Frederick Lynn has taken a seat beside Mary Ingram, and is showing her the engravings of a splendid volume: she looks, smiles now and then, but apparently says little.
larks - alondras; alondra
waxes - ceras; cera
brisk - brioso, enérgico, vital, vigorizante, brusco
merry - contento; alegre
dowagers - dowagers; viuda, dama
confabulate - Confabular
engravings - grabados; grabado
The tall and phlegmatic Lord Ingram leans with folded arms on the chair-back of the little and lively Amy Eshton; she glances up at him, and chatters like a wren: she likes him better than she does Mr. Rochester. Henry Lynn has taken possession of an ottoman at the feet of Louisa: Adčle shares it with him: he is trying to talk French with her, and Louisa laughs at his blunders. With whom will Blanche Ingram pair? She is standing alone at the table, bending gracefully over an album. She seems waiting to be sought; but she will not wait too long: she herself selects a mate.
glances - miradas; ojear, echar un vistazo, mirar, pispear, vistazo
chatters - chatea; chacharear, parlotear
laughs at - se ríe de
blunders - errores; error
gracefully - con elegancia; agraciadamente
selects - selecto, seleccionar
mate - colega; aparear, acoplar
Mr. Rochester, having quitted the Eshtons, stands on the hearth as solitary as she stands by the table: she confronts him, taking her station on the opposite side of the mantelpiece.
stands by - estar preparado; apoyar a alguien; mantenerse firme en; en espera; estar junto a
confronts - se enfrenta; enfrentar
"Mr. Rochester, I thought you were not fond of children?"
"Nor am I."
"Then, what induced you to take charge of such a little doll as that?" (pointing to Adčle). "Where did you pick her up?"
induced - inducido; inducir
"I did not pick her up; she was left on my hands."
"You should have sent her to school."
"I could not afford it: schools are so dear."
"Why, I suppose you have a governess for her: I saw a person with her just now-is she gone? Oh, no! there she is still, behind the window-curtain. You pay her, of course; I should think it quite as expensive,-more so; for you have them both to keep in addition."
I feared-or should I say, hoped?-the allusion to me would make Mr. Rochester glance my way; and I involuntarily shrank farther into the shade: but he never turned his eyes.
"I have not considered the subject," said he indifferently, looking straight before him.
indifferently - indiferentemente
"No, you men never do consider economy and common sense. You should hear mama on the chapter of governesses: Mary and I have had, I should think, a dozen at least in our day; half of them detestable and the rest ridiculous, and all incubi-were they not, mama?"
detestable - panish: t-needed
ridiculous - ridículo
"Did you speak, my own?"
The young lady thus claimed as the dowager's special property, reiterated her question with an explanation.
"My dearest, don't mention governesses; the word makes me nervous. I have suffered a martyrdom from their incompetency and caprice. I thank Heaven I have now done with them!"
martyrdom - martirio
incompetency - Incompetencia
Mrs. Dent here bent over to the pious lady and whispered something in her ear; I suppose, from the answer elicited, it was a reminder that one of the anathematised race was present.
elicited - obtenido; provocar, suscitar, evocar, educir, sonsacar
reminder - aviso, recordatorio
anathematised - Anatematizar
"Tant pis!" said her Ladyship, "I hope it may do her good!" Then, in a lower tone, but still loud enough for me to hear, "I noticed her; I am a judge of physiognomy, and in hers I see all the faults of her class."
ladyship - senora; panish: la#Spanish
"What are they, madam?" inquired Mr. Rochester aloud.
"I will tell you in your private ear," replied she, wagging her turban three times with portentous significancy.
wagging - meneo; menear, panish: t-needed
portentous - portentoso
significancy - significado
"But my curiosity will be past its appetite; it craves food now."
craves - anhelar, ansiar, implorar
"Ask Blanche; she is nearer you than I."
"Oh, don't refer him to me, mama! I have just one word to say of the whole tribe; they are a nuisance. Not that I ever suffered much from them; I took care to turn the tables. What tricks Theodore and I used to play on our Miss Wilsons, and Mrs. Greys, and Madame Jouberts! Mary was always too sleepy to join in a plot with spirit. The best fun was with Madame Joubert: Miss Wilson was a poor sickly thing, lachrymose and low-spirited, not worth the trouble of vanquishing, in short; and Mrs. Grey was coarse and insensible; no blow took effect on her. But poor Madame Joubert! I see her yet in her raging passions, when we had driven her to extremities-spilt our tea, crumbled our bread and butter, tossed our books up to the ceiling, and played a charivari with the ruler and desk, the fender and fire-irons. Theodore, do you remember those merry days?
tribe - tribu
sleepy - tienes sueno; sueno, cansado, adormecido, sonoliento
sickly - enfermo; enfermizo, enclenque, calamitoso, enteco
lachrymose - lacrimosa; lacrimoso, lacrimógeno
vanquishing - vencer
raging - enfurecido; rabia, furor
ruler - regla, gobernante
"Yaas, to be sure I do," drawled Lord Ingram; "and the poor old stick used to cry out 'Oh you villains childs!'-and then we sermonised her on the presumption of attempting to teach such clever blades as we were, when she was herself so ignorant."
villains - villanos; villano
sermonised - Sermonear
blades - cuchillas; cuchilla, hoja, cuchillo (said of a dagger), espada
"We did; and, Tedo, you know, I helped you in prosecuting (or persecuting) your tutor, whey-faced Mr. Vining-the parson in the pip, as we used to call him. He and Miss Wilson took the liberty of falling in love with each other-at least Tedo and I thought so; we surprised sundry tender glances and sighs which we interpreted as tokens of 'la belle passion,'and I promise you the public soon had the benefit of our discovery; we employed it as a sort of lever to hoist our dead-weights from the house.
prosecuting - procesamiento; procesar
persecuting - persiguiendo; perseguir
whey - suero
Vining - vining; vid, trepadora, enredadera
sundry - Diversos
sighs - suspirar
interpreted - interpretado; explicar, exponer, interpretar
lever - palanca
Hoist - izador; izar, aparejo
Dear mama, there, as soon as she got an inkling of the business, found out that it was of an immoral tendency. Did you not, my lady-mother?"
inkling - un indicio; idea, sospecha
immoral - inmoral
"Certainly, my best. And I was quite right: depend on that: there are a thousand reasons why liaisons between governesses and tutors should never be tolerated a moment in any well-regulated house; firstly-"
liaisons - enlaces; enlace, aventura
tutors - tutores; tutor
tolerated - se tolera; tolerar, soportar
"Oh, gracious, mama! Spare us the enumeration! Au reste, we all know them: danger of bad example to innocence of childhood; distractions and consequent neglect of duty on the part of the attached-mutual alliance and reliance; confidence thence resulting-insolence accompanying-mutiny and general blow-up. Am I right, Baroness Ingram, of Ingram Park?"
spare - de repuesto; prescindir, pasar sin
enumeration - enumeración
distractions - distracciones; distracción, locura
consequent - consecuente, consecuente
alliance - alianza
Baroness - baronesa
"My lily-flower, you are right now, as always."
Lily - azucena, lirio
"Then no more need be said: change the subject."
Amy Eshton, not hearing or not heeding this dictum, joined in with her soft, infantine tone: "Louisa and I used to quiz our governess too; but she was such a good creature, she would bear anything: nothing put her out. She was never cross with us; was she, Louisa?"
heeding - importar, prestar atención, poner atención, tener en cuenta
quiz - prueba, cuestionario, examen, examen parcial, enganar, probar
"No, never: we might do what we pleased; ransack her desk and her workbox, and turn her drawers inside out; and she was so good-natured, she would give us anything we asked for."
ransack - saquear, desvalijar, escudrinar
workbox - Caja de trabajo
"I suppose, now," said Miss Ingram, curling her lip sarcastically, "we shall have an abstract of the memoirs of all the governesses extant: in order to avert such a visitation, I again move the introduction of a new topic. Mr. Rochester, do you second my motion?"
sarcastically - sarcásticamente
abstract - resumen, extracto, abstracción, arte abstracto, extraído
Memoirs - memorias; memoria
extant - existente, extante, actual
"Madam, I support you on this point, as on every other."
"Then on me be the onus of bringing it forward. Signior Eduardo, are you in voice to-night?"
onus - responsabilidad; obligación, carga de la prueba, estigma, culpa
Signior - Senor
"Donna Bianca, if you command it, I will be."
"Then, signior, I lay on you my sovereign behest to furbish up your lungs and other vocal organs, as they will be wanted on my royal service."
behest - solicitud, orden
lungs - pulmones; pulmón
vocal - vocal
"Who would not be the Rizzio of so divine a Mary?"
"A fig for Rizzio!" cried she, tossing her head with all its curls, as she moved to the piano. "It is my opinion the fiddler David must have been an insipid sort of fellow; I like black Bothwell better: to my mind a man is nothing without a spice of the devil in him; and history may say what it will of James Hepburn, but I have a notion, he was just the sort of wild, fierce, bandit hero whom I could have consented to gift with my hand.
fig - higo
tossing - Tirar; (toss); tiro, lanzamiento, lanzar una moneda al aire
David - David
insipid - insípido, insulso, soso, cursi
James - Santiago, Jacobo, Yago, Jaime
bandit - bandido, bandida
"Gentlemen, you hear! Now which of you most resembles Bothwell?" cried Mr. Rochester.
"I should say the preference lies with you," responded Colonel Dent.
"On my honour, I am much obliged to you," was the reply.
Miss Ingram, who had now seated herself with proud grace at the piano, spreading out her snowy robes in queenly amplitude, commenced a brilliant prelude; talking meantime. She appeared to be on her high horse to-night; both her words and her air seemed intended to excite not only the admiration, but the amazement of her auditors: she was evidently bent on striking them as something very dashing and daring indeed.
queenly - Reina
Prelude - preludio, antesala
auditors - auditores; auditor, auditora
"Oh, I am so sick of the young men of the present day!" exclaimed she, rattling away at the instrument. "Poor, puny things, not fit to stir a step beyond papa's park gates: nor to go even so far without mama's permission and guardianship! Creatures so absorbed in care about their pretty faces, and their white hands, and their small feet; as if a man had anything to do with beauty! As if loveliness were not the special prerogative of woman-her legitimate appanage and heritage! I grant an ugly woman is a blot on the fair face of creation; but as to the gentlemen, let them be solicitous to possess only strength and valour: let their motto be:-Hunt, shoot, and fight: the rest is not worth a fillip. Such should be my device, were I a man.
rattling - traqueteo; (rattle) traqueteo
puny - enclenque; flojo, gualtrapas, tirillas
guardianship - tutela
prerogative - prerrogativa
appanage - apanage
heritage - patrimonio; herencia, acervo
creation - creación
valour - valor
motto - mote, divisa, lema
fillip - impulso; papirote
"Whenever I marry," she continued after a pause which none interrupted, "I am resolved my husband shall not be a rival, but a foil to me. I will suffer no competitor near the throne; I shall exact an undivided homage: his devotions shall not be shared between me and the shape he sees in his mirror. Mr. Rochester, now sing, and I will play for you."
foil - papel; frustrar
undivided - individual; todo, entero
devotions - devociones; devoción, dedicación, fervor, veneración
"I am all obedience," was the response.
obedience - obediencia
"Here then is a Corsair-song. Know that I doat on Corsairs; and for that reason, sing it con spirito."
con - estafar, timar
spirito - pirito
"Commands from Miss Ingram's lips would put spirit into a mug of milk and water."
commands - mandos; orden, mandato, mando, comando, dominio
"Take care, then: if you don't please me, I will shame you by showing how such things should be done."
"That is offering a premium on incapacity: I shall now endeavour to fail."
Premium - premium, premio, recargo, bonificación, prima
incapacity - incapacidad
endeavour - esfuerzo; esforzarse
"Gardez-vous en bien! If you err wilfully, I shall devise a proportionate punishment."
wilfully - voluntariamente
devise - dear; concebir, inventar, tramar, maquinar, legar
"Miss Ingram ought to be clement, for she has it in her power to inflict a chastisement beyond mortal endurance."
mortal - mortal
"Ha! explain!" commanded the lady.
commanded - mandado; orden, mandato, mando, comando, dominio
"Pardon me, madam: no need of explanation; your own fine sense must inform you that one of your frowns would be a sufficient substitute for capital punishment."
frowns - frunce el ceno; fruncir el ceno
substitute - sustituir, substituir, sustituto, substituto, suplente
"Sing!" said she, and again touching the piano, she commenced an accompaniment in spirited style.
"Now is my time to slip away," thought I: but the tones that then severed the air arrested me. Mrs. Fairfax had said Mr. Rochester possessed a fine voice: he did-a mellow, powerful bass, into which he threw his own feeling, his own force; finding a way through the ear to the heart, and there waking sensation strangely. I waited till the last deep and full vibration had expired-till the tide of talk, checked an instant, had resumed its flow; I then quitted my sheltered corner and made my exit by the side-door, which was fortunately near.
mellow - suave; mantecoso, relajado, blando
vibration - vibración
expired - caducado; vencer, caducar
tide - marea
exit - salir; salida
Thence a narrow passage led into the hall: in crossing it, I perceived my sandal was loose; I stopped to tie it, kneeling down for that purpose on the mat at the foot of the staircase. I heard the dining-room door unclose; a gentleman came out; rising hastily, I stood face to face with him: it was Mr. Rochester.
sandal - sandalia
mat - estera, felpudo
unclose - Descubrir
"How do you do?" he asked.
"I am very well, sir."
"Why did you not come and speak to me in the room?"
I thought I might have retorted the question on him who put it: but I would not take that freedom. I answered-
retorted - replicó; replicar
"I did not wish to disturb you, as you seemed engaged, sir."
"What have you been doing during my absence?"
"Nothing particular; teaching Adčle as usual."
"And getting a good deal paler than you were-as I saw at first sight. What is the matter?"
"Nothing at all, sir."
"Did you take any cold that night you half drowned me?"
"Not the least."
"Return to the drawing-room: you are deserting too early."
"I am tired, sir."
He looked at me for a minute.
"And a little depressed," he said. "What about? Tell me."
"Nothing-nothing, sir. I am not depressed."
"But I affirm that you are: so much depressed that a few more words would bring tears to your eyes-indeed, they are there now, shining and swimming; and a bead has slipped from the lash and fallen on to the flag.
bead - perla; cuenta, gota
lash - pestanas; pestana
If I had time, and was not in mortal dread of some prating prig of a servant passing, I would know what all this means. Well, to-night I excuse you; but understand that so long as my visitors stay, I expect you to appear in the drawing-room every evening; it is my wish; don't neglect it. Now go, and send Sophie for Adčle. Good-night, my-" He stopped, bit his lip, and abruptly left me.
prating - Pronunciar; (prat) Pronunciar
prig - pendejo; meapilas
Merry days were these at Thornfield Hall; and busy days too: how different from the first three months of stillness, monotony, and solitude I had passed beneath its roof!
monotony - monotonía
All sad feelings seemed now driven from the house, all gloomy associations forgotten: there was life everywhere, movement all day long. You could not now traverse the gallery, once so hushed, nor enter the front chambers, once so tenantless, without encountering a smart lady's-maid or a dandy valet.
traverse - atravesar, recorrer
tenantless - sin tenantes
dandy - dandy, dandi, gomoso, petimetre
valet - vale; edecán, mánager, aparcacoches
The kitchen, the butler's pantry, the servants'hall, the entrance hall, were equally alive; and the saloons were only left void and still when the blue sky and halcyon sunshine of the genial spring weather called their occupants out into the grounds.
pantry - despensa
entrance hall - vestíbulo, entrada
void - vacío; nulo
halcyon - alcedón, alción, martín pescador
Even when that weather was broken, and continuous rain set in for some days, no damp seemed cast over enjoyment: indoor amusements only became more lively and varied, in consequence of the stop put to outdoor gaiety.
continuous rain - lluvia continua
amusements - diversiones; divertimiento, esparcimiento, diversión
I wondered what they were going to do the first evening a change of entertainment was proposed: they spoke of "playing charades," but in my ignorance I did not understand the term. The servants were called in, the dining-room tables wheeled away, the lights otherwise disposed, the chairs placed in a semicircle opposite the arch. While Mr. Rochester and the other gentlemen directed these alterations, the ladies were running up and down stairs ringing for their maids.
charades - charadas; charada
semicircle - semicírculo
alterations - alteraciones; alteración, cambio, modificación
Mrs. Fairfax was summoned to give information respecting the resources of the house in shawls, dresses, draperies of any kind; and certain wardrobes of the third storey were ransacked, and their contents, in the shape of brocaded and hooped petticoats, satin sacques, black modes, lace lappets, &c., were brought down in armfuls by the abigails; then a selection was made, and such things as were chosen were carried to the boudoir within the drawing-room.
shawls - chales; chal, panolón
wardrobes - armarios; armario, ropero, clóset, escaparate
ransacked - saqueado; saquear, desvalijar, escudrinar
brocaded - brocado; bordado, bordadura, panish: t-needed
hooped - hooped; aro
petticoats - enaguas
modes - modos; modo
lappets - Papel
armfuls - brazos llenos; brazado
selection - selección
Meantime, Mr. Rochester had again summoned the ladies round him, and was selecting certain of their number to be of his party. "Miss Ingram is mine, of course," said he: afterwards he named the two Misses Eshton, and Mrs. Dent. He looked at me: I happened to be near him, as I had been fastening the clasp of Mrs. Dent's bracelet, which had got loose.
selecting - seleccionando; selecto, seleccionar
clasp - cierre; broche, manija, corchete, hebilla, agarrar
"Will you play?" he asked. I shook my head. He did not insist, which I rather feared he would have done; he allowed me to return quietly to my usual seat.
He and his aids now withdrew behind the curtain: the other party, which was headed by Colonel Dent, sat down on the crescent of chairs. One of the gentlemen, Mr. Eshton, observing me, seemed to propose that I should be asked to join them; but Lady Ingram instantly negatived the notion.
Aids - SIDA; (aid); SIDA
propose - proponer, pedir la mano, pedir matrimonio, proponer matrimonio
"No," I heard her say: "she looks too stupid for any game of the sort."
Ere long a bell tinkled, and the curtain drew up. Within the arch, the bulky figure of Sir George Lynn, whom Mr. Rochester had likewise chosen, was seen enveloped in a white sheet: before him, on a table, lay open a large book; and at his side stood Amy Eshton, draped in Mr. Rochester's cloak, and holding a book in her hand. Somebody, unseen, rang the bell merrily; then Adčle (who had insisted on being one of her guardian's party), bounded forward, scattering round her the contents of a basket of flowers she carried on her arm.
bulky - grande; voluminoso, abultado
lay open - revelar
draped - cubrir
unseen - No se ve
Then appeared the magnificent figure of Miss Ingram, clad in white, a long veil on her head, and a wreath of roses round her brow; by her side walked Mr. Rochester, and together they drew near the table. They knelt; while Mrs. Dent and Louisa Eshton, dressed also in white, took up their stations behind them. A ceremony followed, in dumb show, in which it was easy to recognise the pantomime of a marriage. At its termination, Colonel Dent and his party consulted in whispers for two minutes, then the Colonel called out-
dumb show - programa tonto; pantomima
termination - terminación, final, fin
whispers - susurros; susurro, rumor, rastro, susurrar
"Bride!" Mr. Rochester bowed, and the curtain fell.
A considerable interval elapsed before it again rose. Its second rising displayed a more elaborately prepared scene than the last.
displayed - aparece; espectáculo, exposición, monitor, expositor
The drawing-room, as I have before observed, was raised two steps above the dining-room, and on the top of the upper step, placed a yard or two back within the room, appeared a large marble basin-which I recognised as an ornament of the conservatory-where it usually stood, surrounded by exotics, and tenanted by gold fish-and whence it must have been transported with some trouble, on account of its size and weight.
Seated on the carpet, by the side of this basin, was seen Mr. Rochester, costumed in shawls, with a turban on his head. His dark eyes and swarthy skin and Paynim features suited the costume exactly: he looked the very model of an Eastern emir, an agent or a victim of the bowstring. Presently advanced into view Miss Ingram. She, too, was attired in oriental fashion: a crimson scarf tied sash-like round the waist: an embroidered handkerchief knotted about her temples; her beautifully-moulded arms bare, one of them upraised in the act of supporting a pitcher, poised gracefully on her head.
swarthy - Moreno
emir - emir, amir
bowstring - cuerda del arco; cuerda
embroidered - bordado; bordar
knotted - nudo
upraised - Arriba
poised - preparado; contrapeso, ponderación, poise
Both her cast of form and feature, her complexion and her general air, suggested the idea of some Israelitish princess of the patriarchal days; and such was doubtless the character she intended to represent.
patriarchal - patriarcal
She approached the basin, and bent over it as if to fill her pitcher; she again lifted it to her head. The personage on the well-brink now seemed to accost her; to make some request:-"She hasted, let down her pitcher on her hand, and gave him to drink." From the bosom of his robe he then produced a casket, opened it and showed magnificent bracelets and earrings; she acted astonishment and admiration; kneeling, he laid the treasure at her feet; incredulity and delight were expressed by her looks and gestures; the stranger fastened the bracelets on her arms and the rings in her ears.
hasted - se precipitó; prisa, premura
bracelets - pulseras; brazalete, pulsera
earrings - pendientes; arete
incredulity - incredulidad
It was Eliezer and Rebecca: the camels only were wanting.
camels - camellos; camello
The divining party again laid their heads together: apparently they could not agree about the word or syllable the scene illustrated. Colonel Dent, their spokesman, demanded "the tableau of the whole;" whereupon the curtain again descended.
divining - adivinar; divino
Illustrated - Ilustrado; (illustrate); ilustrar
spokesman - portavoz, vocero, vocera
tableau - cuadro, retablo, cuadro vivo
On its third rising only a portion of the drawing-room was disclosed; the rest being concealed by a screen, hung with some sort of dark and coarse drapery. The marble basin was removed; in its place, stood a deal tab