Journey to the Centre of the Earth with English-Hindi Dictionary by Jules Verne (online free books)

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Journey to the Centre of the Earth Text


Looking back to all that has occurred to me since that eventful day, I am scarcely able to believe in the reality of my adventures. They were truly so wonderful that even now I am bewildered when I think of them.

eventful - घटनापूर्ण

scarcely - शायद ही, केवल, मुश्किल से

bewildered - हैरान करना, घबरा देना

My uncle was a German, having married my mother's sister, an Englishwoman. Being very much attached to his fatherless nephew, he invited me to study under him in his home in the fatherland. This home was in a large town, and my uncle a professor of philosophy, chemistry, geology, mineralogy, and many other ologies.

German - जरमन, जर्मन

Englishwoman - अंगरेज़ महिला, अंगरेज़ महिला

fatherless - पितृहीन, अनाथ

nephew - भतीजा

fatherland - जन्मभूमि, वतन, स्वदेश

geology - भूविज्ञान, भौमिकी

mineralogy - खनिज विज्ञान, खनिज विज्ञान

One day, after passing some hours in the laboratory-my uncle being absent at the time-I suddenly felt the necessity of renovating the tissues-i.e., I was hungry, and was about to rouse up our old French cook, when my uncle, Professor Von Hardwigg, suddenly opened the street door, and came rushing upstairs.

being absent - अनुपस्थित

renovating - नवीनीकरण करना, नवीकरण

rouse - जागना

Now Professor Hardwigg, my worthy uncle, is by no means a bad sort of man; he is, however, choleric and original. To bear with him means to obey; and scarcely had his heavy feet resounded within our joint domicile than he shouted for me to attend upon him.

choleric - गुस्सैल

resounded - प्रतिध्वनित होना, धूम मचाना

domicile - अधिवास, निवास स्थान


Harry - हैरी

I hastened to obey, but before I could reach his room, jumping three steps at a time, he was stamping his right foot upon the landing.

hastened to - तेजी से चला गया

"Harry!" he cried, in a frantic tone, "are you coming up?"

frantic - उत्तेजित, व्यग्र

Now to tell the truth, at that moment I was far more interested in the question as to what was to constitute our dinner than in any problem of science; to me soup was more interesting than soda, an omelette more tempting than arithmetic, and an artichoke of ten times more value than any amount of asbestos.

soda - सोडा पानी, सोडावाटर

omelette - ऑमलेट

more tempting - अधिक लाभदायक

Arithmetic - अंकगणित

artichoke - आटिचोक, हाथीचक

asbestos - ऐस्बेस्टस, अदह

But my uncle was not a man to be kept waiting; so adjourning therefore all minor questions, I presented myself before him.

adjourning - स्थानांतरितना, स्थगित करना

He was a very learned man. Now most persons in this category supply themselves with information, as peddlers do with goods, for the benefit of others, and lay up stores in order to diffuse them abroad for the benefit of society in general.

peddlers - फेरी वाला, फेरी वाला

diffuse - फैलाना, छितराना, फैला हुआ

Not so my excellent uncle, Professor Hardwigg; he studied, he consumed the midnight oil, he pored over heavy tomes, and digested huge quartos and folios in order to keep the knowledge acquired to himself.

pored - छिद्र, रंध्र, रोमकूप

tomes - बृहत् ग्रंथ, बृहत् ग्रन्थ

digested - सहना, सहन करना, हज़म करना

quartos - आठ पृष्ठ, चौपेजी

folios - एक बार मोड़ा हुआ कागज़

There was a reason, and it may be regarded as a good one, why my uncle objected to display his learning more than was absolutely necessary: he stammered; and when intent upon explaining the phenomena of the heavens, was apt to find himself at fault, and allude in such a vague way to sun, moon, and stars that few were able to comprehend his meaning.

stammered - हकलाहट, हकलाना, तोतलाना

phenomena - परिस्थितियाँ

apt - प्रवृत्ति

allude - संकेत करना, ज़िक्र करना

comprehend - समझना, समाविष्ट करना

To tell the honest truth, when the right word would not come, it was generally replaced by a very powerful adjective.

adjective - बिशेषण, विशेषण

In connection with the sciences there are many almost unpronounceable names-names very much resembling those of Welsh villages; and my uncle being very fond of using them, his habit of stammering was not thereby improved. In fact, there were periods in his discourse when he would finally give up and swallow his discomfiture-in a glass of water.

unpronounceable - जटिल उच्चारण वाला, अनुच्चारणीय

Welsh - धोखा देना, वेल्सवासी, वेल्श

stammering - तोतला, (stammer), हकलाना

discomfiture - व्याकुलता

As I said, my uncle, Professor Hardwigg, was a very learned man; and I now add a most kind relative. I was bound to him by the double ties of affection and interest. I took deep interest in all his doings, and hoped some day to be almost as learned myself. It was a rare thing for me to be absent from his lectures. Like him, I preferred mineralogy to all the other sciences.

doings - कार्यकलाप

be absent - अनुपस्थित होना

My anxiety was to gain real knowledge of the earth. Geology and mineralogy were to us the sole objects of life, and in connection with these studies many a fair specimen of stone, chalk, or metal did we break with our hammers.

chalk - खड़िया

hammers - घोड़ा, घन, बरखास्त करना

Steel rods, loadstones, glass pipes, and bottles of various acids were oftener before us than our meals. My uncle Hardwigg was once known to classify six hundred different geological specimens by their weight, hardness, fusibility, sound, taste, and smell.

hardness - कठिनाई

fusibility - जलनीयता

He corresponded with all the great, learned, and scientific men of the age. I was, therefore, in constant communication with, at all events the letters of, Sir Humphry Davy, Captain Franklin, and other great men.

But before I state the subject on which my uncle wished to confer with me, I must say a word about his personal appearance. Alas! my readers will see a very different portrait of him at a future time, after he has gone through the fearful adventures yet to be related.

Alas - हाय, (ala) हाय

fearful - भयावह, बुरा, डरपोक, डरा हुआ

My uncle was fifty years old; tall, thin, and wiry. Large spectacles hid, to a certain extent, his vast, round, and goggle eyes, while his nose was irreverently compared to a thin file. So much indeed did it resemble that useful article, that a compass was said in his presence to have made considerable N (Nasal) deviation.

wiry - तार का, तार जैसा

goggle - आँख फाड़ फाड़ कर देखना

irreverently - in an irreverent manner

compass - कम्पास, कुतुबनुमा

nasal - नासिका संबंधी, अनुनासिक, नासीय

deviation - लीक से हटना, उल्लंघन, विचलन

The truth being told, however, the only article really attracted to my uncle's nose was tobacco.

Another peculiarity of his was, that he always stepped a yard at a time, clenched his fists as if he were going to hit you, and was, when in one of his peculiar humors, very far from a pleasant companion.

peculiarity - विशिष्टता, खासियत, अनूठापन

clenched - जकड़ना, मुट्ठी बाँधना

humors - शरीरी द्रव, मिजाज़, हास्य

It is further necessary to observe that he lived in a very nice house, in that very nice street, the Konigstrasse at Hamburg. Though lying in the centre of a town, it was perfectly rural in its aspect-half wood, half bricks, with old-fashioned gables-one of the few old houses spared by the great fire of 1842.

Hamburg - city and state of Germany

gables - त्रिअंकी छत, त्रिकोणिका

When I say a nice house, I mean a handsome house-old, tottering, and not exactly comfortable to English notions: a house a little off the perpendicular and inclined to fall into the neighboring canal; exactly the house for a wandering artist to depict; all the more that you could scarcely see it for ivy and a magnificent old tree which grew over the door.

handsome - ख़ूबसूरत

Tottering - विचल, (totter) विचल

perpendicular - सीधा, लम्ब, परपेंडिकुलर शिल्प

ivy - विद्वत्तापूर्ण मानक

My uncle was rich; his house was his own property, while he had a considerable private income. To my notion the best part of his possessions was his god-daughter, Gretchen. And the old cook, the young lady, the Professor and I were the sole inhabitants.

I loved mineralogy, I loved geology. To me there was nothing like pebbles-and if my uncle had been in a little less of a fury, we should have been the happiest of families. To prove the excellent Hardwigg's impatience, I solemnly declare that when the flowers in the drawing-room pots began to grow, he rose every morning at four o'clock to make them grow quicker by pulling the leaves!

pebbles - कंकड्ॅईलाआ, कंकड़/बटिया, कंकड्ॅअ

fury - प्रचण्डता, कोप, प्रकोप

Impatience - अधैर्यता, अधीरता, असहिष्णुता

solemnly - in a solemn manner

Having described my uncle, I will now give an account of our interview.

He received me in his study; a perfect museum, containing every natural curiosity that can well be imagined-minerals, however, predominating. Every one was familiar to me, having been catalogued by my own hand. My uncle, apparently oblivious of the fact that he had summoned me to his presence, was absorbed in a book. He was particularly fond of early editions, tall copies, and unique works.

predominating - प्रबल, प्रधानता होना, हावी होना

oblivious - अनजान, बेखबर

summoned - बुलाना, इकट्ठा करना, तैयार रखना

"Wonderful!" he cried, tapping his forehead. "Wonderful-wonderful!"

It was one of those yellow-leaved volumes now rarely found on stalls, and to me it appeared to possess but little value. My uncle, however, was in raptures.

leaved - छोड़ दिया

raptures - अत्यन्त हर्ष, हर्षोन्माद, उमङ्ग

He admired its binding, the clearness of its characters, the ease with which it opened in his hand, and repeated aloud, half a dozen times, that it was very, very old.

clearness - स्पष्टता, सफाई

aloud - उच्च स्वर में, ज़ोर से

To my fancy he was making a great fuss about nothing, but it was not my province to say so. On the contrary, I professed considerable interest in the subject, and asked him what it was about.

great fuss - बहुत झगड़ा

professed - स्वीकार करना, दावा करना

"It is the Heims-Kringla of Snorre Tarleson," he said, "the celebrated Icelandic author of the twelfth century-it is a true and correct account of the Norwegian princes who reigned in Iceland."

Icelandic - आइसलैण्डिक, आइसलैंड का

twelfth - बारहवां

Norwegian - नार्वेजियन, नॉर्वेजियाई

My next question related to the language in which it was written. I hoped at all events it was translated into German. My uncle was indignant at the very thought, and declared he wouldn't give a penny for a translation.

indignant - रुष्ट

His delight was to have found the original work in the Icelandic tongue, which he declared to be one of the most magnificent and yet simple idioms in the world-while at the same time its grammatical combinations were the most varied known to students.

idioms - शैली, बोली, मुहावरा

grammatical - व्याकरण सम्मत, व्याकरण संबंधी

"About as easy as German?" was my insidious remark.

insidious - घातक, परोक्ष, प्रच्छन्न रूप से

My uncle shrugged his shoulders.

"The letters at all events," I said, "are rather difficult of comprehension."

comprehension - बोध, समझ, अवगति, extension

"It is a Runic manuscript, the language of the original population of Iceland, invented by Odin himself," cried my uncle, angry at my ignorance.

Runic - रूनी

Iceland - id=Q189 ountry in Europe

Odin - god in Norse mythology

I was about to venture upon some misplaced joke on the subject, when a small scrap of parchment fell out of the leaves. Like a hungry man snatching at a morsel of bread the Professor seized it. It was about five inches by three and was scrawled over in the most extraordinary fashion.

misplaced - गलत जगह रखना

scrap - टुकड़ा

parchment - चर्मपत्र पर लिखित दस्तावेज़

snatching - अंश, लेना, हटा लेना, छीनना

morsel - कौर, ग्रास, निवाला

scrawled - घसीटा लिखाई, घसीट कर लिखना

The lines shown here are an exact facsimile of what was written on the venerable piece of parchment-and have wonderful importance, as they induced my uncle to undertake the most wonderful series of adventures which ever fell to the lot of human beings.

facsimile - ठीक सदृश्य/अनुलिपि, फ़ैक्स

venerable - वेनरेबल, पूज्य, सम्मान्य

beings - जीवन, स्वभाव, प्राणी, अस्तित्व

My uncle looked keenly at the document for some moments and then declared that it was Runic. The letters were similar to those in the book, but then what did they mean? This was exactly what I wanted to know.

keenly - उत्सुकता से

Now as I had a strong conviction that the Runic alphabet and dialect were simply an invention to mystify poor human nature, I was delighted to find that my uncle knew as much about the matter as I did-which was nothing. At all events the tremulous motion of his fingers made me think so.

alphabet - वर्णमाला, मूलाक्षर, अक्षरमाला

dialect - उपभाषा, बोली

mystify - हैरान करना, पेचीदा करना

tremulous - काँपता हुआ

"And yet," he muttered to himself, "it is old Icelandic, I am sure of it."

muttered - शिकायत, फुसफुसाहट, बड़बड़ाना

And my uncle ought to have known, for he was a perfect polyglot dictionary in himself. He did not pretend, like a certain learned pundit, to speak the two thousand languages and four thousand idioms made use of in different parts of the globe, but he did know all the more important ones.

polyglot - बहुभाषी

pundit - पण्डित

It is a matter of great doubt to me now, to what violent measures my uncle's impetuosity might have led him, had not the clock struck two, and our old French cook called out to let us know that dinner was on the table.

impetuosity - उतावलापन

"Bother the dinner!" cried my uncle.

But as I was hungry, I sallied forth to the dining room, where I took up my usual quarters. Out of politeness I waited three minutes, but no sign of my uncle, the Professor. I was surprised. He was not usually so blind to the pleasure of a good dinner.

sallied - निकलना, उत्साहपूर्वक निकल पड़ना

dining - हो हल्ला, शोरगुल, शोरगुल करना

politeness - शिष्टता, अदब, नज़ाकत, सभ्यता

It was the acme of German luxury-parsley soup, a ham omelette with sorrel trimmings, an oyster of veal stewed with prunes, delicious fruit, and sparkling Moselle. For the sake of poring over this musty old piece of parchment, my uncle forbore to share our meal. To satisfy my conscience, I ate for both.

acme - पराकाष्ठा, पराकाष्ठाअ

parsley - अजमोद, खुरासानी अजवायन

Ham - सूअर का पुठ्ठा

sorrel - {एक प्रकार का खट्टा मीठा पौधा}

trimmings - अलंकरण, अन्य सामग्री, कतरन

oyster - सीप, शुक्ति

veal - बछड़े का मांस, बछड़े का माँस

stewed - वेश्यालय

prunes - छाँटना, आलूबुखारा, छँटाईअना

sparkling - उत्कृष्ट, चमकदार, झिलमिलाता हुआ

Moselle - river, department

poring - छिद्र, रंध्र, रोमकूप

musty - फफूंदा हुआ

forbore - पूर्वज, अपने आप को रोक पाना

The old cook and housekeeper was nearly out of her mind. After taking so much trouble, to find her master not appear at dinner was to her a sad disappointment-which, as she occasionally watched the havoc I was making on the viands, became also alarm. If my uncle were to come to table after all?

housekeeper - गृहप्रबंधक, गृहा प्रबंधक

havoc - नाश

viands - सुस्वादु खाद्य पदार्थ

Suddenly, just as I had consumed the last apple and drunk the last glass of wine, a terrible voice was heard at no great distance. It was my uncle roaring for me to come to him. I made very nearly one leap of it-so loud, so fierce was his tone.

roaring - कानफोड़ू, आर्तनाद, गर्जना


"I declare," cried my uncle, striking the table fiercely with his fist, "I declare to you it is Runic-and contains some wonderful secret, which I must get at, at any price."

fiercely - उग्रतापूर्वक, प्रचंड रूप से

I was about to reply when he stopped me.

"Sit down," he said, quite fiercely, "and write to my dictation."

dictation - श्रुतलेखन गति, श्रुतलेख

I obeyed.

"I will substitute," he said, "a letter of our alphabet for that of the Runic: we will then see what that will produce. Now, begin and make no mistakes."

The dictation commenced with the following incomprehensible result:

incomprehensible - दुरूह, अबोधगम्य, अबोध्य

mm.rnlls esruel seecJde

Mm - मिली मीटर

sgtssmf unteief niedrke

kt,samn atrateS Saodrrn

emtnaeI nuaect rrilSa

Atvaar .nscrc ieaabs

ccdrmi eeutul frantu

dt,iac oseibo KediiY

Scarcely giving me time to finish, my uncle snatched the document from my hands and examined it with the most rapt and deep attention.

snatched - अंश, लेना, हटा लेना, छीनना

rapt - हर्षोन्मत्त, भावविभोर, लीन

"I should like to know what it means," he said, after a long period.

I certainly could not tell him, nor did he expect me to-his conversation being uniformly answered by himself.

uniformly - समरूप से, एकसमान

"I declare it puts me in mind of a cryptograph," he cried, "unless, indeed, the letters have been written without any real meaning; and yet why take so much trouble? Who knows but I may be on the verge of some great discovery?"

cryptograph - सांकेतिक रूपरेखा

verge - किनारा

My candid opinion was that it was all rubbish! But this opinion I kept carefully to myself, as my uncle's choler was not pleasant to bear. All this time he was comparing the book with the parchment.

candid - खरा, खुले दिल का, सुस्पष्ट

choler - anger, one of the four humours

"The manuscript volume and the smaller document are written in different hands," he said, "the cryptograph is of much later date than the book; there is an undoubted proof of the correctness of my surmise. [An irrefragable proof I took it to be.

undoubted - असंदिग्ध

correctness - सत्यता

surmise - लगना, अनुमान, अंदाज़ा लगाना

irrefragable -

] The first letter is a double M, which was only added to the Icelandic language in the twelfth century-this makes the parchment two hundred years posterior to the volume."

posterior - पिछला, पश्च, उत्तरकालीन, पिछाड़ी

The circumstances appeared very probable and very logical, but it was all surmise to me.

"To me it appears probable that this sentence was written by some owner of the book. Now who was the owner, is the next important question. Perhaps by great good luck it may be written somewhere in the volume."

With these words Professor Hardwigg took off his spectacles, and, taking a powerful magnifying glass, examined the book carefully.

magnifying - आवर्धित करना, बढ़ा देना

On the fly leaf was what appeared to be a blot of ink, but on examination proved to be a line of writing almost effaced by time. This was what he sought; and, after some considerable time, he made out these letters:

blot - दाग, धब्बा, दाग/धब्बा

effaced - मिटाना

"Arne Saknussemm!" he cried in a joyous and triumphant tone, "that is not only an Icelandic name, but of a learned professor of the sixteenth century, a celebrated alchemist."

joyous - आनंदमय, सानन्द

triumphant - प्रफुल्लित, विजयोल्लसित, विजयी

Sixteenth - सोलहवाँ भाग, सोलहवाँ

alchemist - कीमियागर

I bowed as a sign of respect.

bowed - झुकाना, सिर झुकाना, गलही

"These alchemists," he continued, "Avicenna, Bacon, Lully, Paracelsus, were the true, the only learned men of the day. They made surprising discoveries. May not this Saknussemm, nephew mine, have hidden on this bit of parchment some astounding invention? I believe the cryptograph to have a profound meaning-which I must make out."

alchemists - कीमियागर

bacon - बेकन

astounding - चकित करना, अचंभित करना

My uncle walked about the room in a state of excitement almost impossible to describe.

"It may be so, sir," I timidly observed, "but why conceal it from posterity, if it be a useful, a worthy discovery?"

timidly - डरते डरते, संकोचपूर्वक

posterity - उत्तरकालीनता, भावी पीढ़ी

"Why-how should I know? Did not Galileo make a secret of his discoveries in connection with Saturn? But we shall see. Until I discover the meaning of this sentence I will neither eat nor sleep."

Galileo - Galileo Galilei

Saturn - शनि ग्रह, शनि देव, शनि देव

"My dear uncle-" I began.

"Nor you neither," he added.

It was lucky I had taken double allowance that day.

"In the first place," he continued, "there must be a clue to the meaning. If we could find that, the rest would be easy enough."

I began seriously to reflect. The prospect of going without food and sleep was not a promising one, so I determined to do my best to solve the mystery. My uncle, meanwhile, went on with his soliloquy.

soliloquy - स्वगतभाषण, स्वगत कथन

"The way to discover it is easy enough. In this document there are one hundred and thirty-two letters, giving seventy-nine consonants to fifty-three vowels. This is about the proportion found in most southern languages, the idioms of the north being much more rich in consonants. We may confidently predict, therefore, that we have to deal with a southern dialect."

consonants - अनुरूप, अनुकूल, एक स्वर, अक्षर

vowels - स्वर, स्वरवर्ण

most southern - सबसे दक्षिणी

confidently - विश्वास सहित

Nothing could be more logical.

"Now," said Professor Hardwigg, "to trace the particular language."

"As Shakespeare says, 'that is the question,"'was my rather satirical reply.

Shakespeare - शेक्सपियर

satirical - उपहासात्मक/व्यंग्यात्मक

"This man Saknussemm," he continued, "was a very learned man: now as he did not write in the language of his birthplace, he probably, like most learned men of the sixteenth century, wrote in Latin. If, however, I prove wrong in this guess, we must try Spanish, French, Italian, Greek, and even Hebrew. My own opinion, though, is decidedly in favor of Latin."

birthplace - उद्गमस्थल, उद्गम, जन्मस्थान

Spanish - स्पेनीय, स्पॅनिश, स्पैनिश

Greek - यूनानी, ग्रीक

Hebrew - इबरानी, इब्रानी, इब्री

decidedly - निश्चित रूप से, निश्चित रुप से

Latin - लैटिन

This proposition startled me. Latin was my favorite study, and it seemed sacrilege to believe this gibberish to belong to the country of Virgil.

startled - चकित, चौंक जाना, चौंकाना

sacrilege - अपवित्रीकरण

gibberish - बेमतलब शब्द

Virgil - वर्जिल

"Barbarous Latin, in all probability," continued my uncle, "but still Latin."

barbarous - गंवार

"Very probably," I replied, not to contradict him.

contradict - विरोध करना, खंडन करना

"Let us see into the matter," continued my uncle; "here you see we have a series of one hundred and thirty-two letters, apparently thrown pell-mell upon paper, without method or organization. There are words which are composed wholly of consonants, such as mm.rnlls, others which are nearly all vowels, the fifth, for instance, which is unteief, and one of the last oseibo.

mell - मेल

This appears an extraordinary combination. Probably we shall find that the phrase is arranged according to some mathematical plan. No doubt a certain sentence has been written out and then jumbled up-some plan to which some figure is the clue. Now, Harry, to show your English wit-what is that figure?"

jumbled - मिलाना, गड्ड मड्ड होना

I could give him no hint. My thoughts were indeed far away. While he was speaking I had caught sight of the portrait of my cousin Gretchen, and was wondering when she would return.

thoughts - विचार, मत, इरादा, विचारधारा

We were affianced, and loved one another very sincerely. But my uncle, who never thought even of such sublunary matters, knew nothing of this. Without noticing my abstraction, the Professor began reading the puzzling cryptograph all sorts of ways, according to some theory of his own. Presently, rousing my wandering attention, he dictated one precious attempt to me.

sincerely - सचमुच, भवदीय, ईमनदारी से

sublunary - पार्थिव

abstraction - निकालना, पृथक्करण, कल्पना

rousing - उत्तेजित करना, उत्तेजित, उठाना

I mildly handed it over to him. It read as follows:

mildly - नम्रतापूर्वक, थोड़ा बहुत





I could scarcely keep from laughing, while my uncle, on the contrary, got in a towering passion, struck the table with his fist, darted out of the room, out of the house, and then taking to his heels was presently lost to sight.

darted - चुन्नट, (**), बर्छी, झपट्टा


"What is the matter?" cried the cook, entering the room; "when will master have his dinner?"


"And, his supper?"

supper - रात्रि भोजन

"I don't know. He says he will eat no more, neither shall I. My uncle has determined to fast and make me fast until he makes out this abominable inscription," I replied.

makes out - कुछ करते हैं

abominable - घटिया, नृशंस, भद्दा, घृणित

inscription - शिलालेख

"You will be starved to death," she said.

I was very much of the same opinion, but not liking to say so, sent her away, and began some of my usual work of classification. But try as I might, nothing could keep me from thinking alternately of the stupid manuscript and of the pretty Gretchen.

alternately - एक के बाद एक, बारी बारी से

Several times I thought of going out, but my uncle would have been angry at my absence. At the end of an hour, my allotted task was done. How to pass the time? I began by lighting my pipe. Like all other students, I delighted in tobacco; and, seating myself in the great armchair, I began to think.

allotted - बांटना, देना{बाँटना}

armchair - हाथकुर्सी, आराम-कुर्सी

Where was my uncle? I could easily imagine him tearing along some solitary road, gesticulating, talking to himself, cutting the air with his cane, and still thinking of the absurd bit of hieroglyphics. Would he hit upon some clue? Would he come home in better humor?

solitary - अकेला

gesticulating - इशारा करना, इशारा करना

cane - बेत, बेँत

hieroglyphics - चित्रलिपीय

hit upon - पता लगाना

humor - हास्यवृत्ति

While these thoughts were passing through my brain, I mechanically took up the execrable puzzle and tried every imaginable way of grouping the letters. I put them together by twos, by threes, fours, and fives-in vain.

mechanically - मशीन की सहायता से

execrable - घटिया, घिनौना, घृणास्पद, निंदनीय

imaginable - कल्पनीय

vain - व्यर्थ, अहंकारी, खोखला, असार

Nothing intelligible came out, except that the fourteenth, fifteenth, and sixteenth made ice in English; the eighty-fourth, eighty-fifth, and eighty-sixth, the word sir; then at last I seemed to find the Latin words rota, mutabile, ira, nec, atra.

intelligible - समझ में आने लायक, बोधनीय

Fourteenth - चौदह्वाँ, चौदहवाँ

Fifteenth - पंद्रहवाँ, पन्द्रहवाँ

rota - कार्यक्रमावली, उच्च-न्यायालय

ira - गुस्सा, नाराज़गी

"Ha! there seems to be some truth in my uncle's notion," thought I.

ha - एच ए, ओह!, एच ए, हा

Then again I seemed to find the word luco, which means sacred wood. Then in the third line I appeared to make out labiled, a perfect Hebrew word, and at the last the syllables mere, are, mer, which were French.

syllables - अक्षर, शब्दांश

It was enough to drive one mad. Four different idioms in this absurd phrase. What connection could there be between ice, sir, anger, cruel, sacred wood, changing, mother, are, and sea? The first and the last might, in a sentence connected with Iceland, mean sea of ice. But what of the rest of this monstrous cryptograph?

monstrous - भयानक, अप्राकृतिक, सरासर गलत

I was, in fact, fighting against an insurmountable difficulty; my brain was almost on fire; my eyes were strained with staring at the parchment; the whole absurd collection of letters appeared to dance before my vision in a number of black little groups. My mind was possessed with temporary hallucination-I was stifling. I wanted air.

insurmountable - अजेय, दुस्तर, अलंघ्य

hallucination - checkभ्रम

stifling - दमघोंटू

Mechanically I fanned myself with the document, of which now I saw the back and then the front.

Imagine my surprise when glancing at the back of the wearisome puzzle, the ink having gone through, I clearly made out Latin words, and among others craterem and terrestre.

wearisome - नीरस, थकाऊ, क्लांतिकर

I had discovered the secret!

It came upon me like a flash of lightning. I had got the clue. All you had to do to understand the document was to read it backwards. All the ingenious ideas of the Professor were realized; he had dictated it rightly to me; by a mere accident I had discovered what he so much desired.

lightning - तड़ित, विद्युत, बिजली

ingenious - शानदार, प्रवीण, विदग्ध

rightly - उचित, उचित रूप से

My delight, my emotion may be imagined, my eyes were dazzled and I trembled so that at first I could make nothing of it. One look, however, would tell me all I wished to know.

dazzled - चकित होना, चमक दमकअ, तेज रोशनीई

trembled - परेशान करना, हिलना, कम्पन

"Let me read," I said to myself, after drawing a long breath.

I spread it before me on the table, I passed my finger over each letter, I spelled it through; in my excitement I read it out.

What horror and stupefaction took possession of my soul. I was like a man who had received a knock-down blow. Was it possible that I really read the terrible secret, and it had really been accomplished! A man had dared to do-what?

stupefaction - आश्चर्य, अर्धचेतनावस्था, जड़ता

No living being should ever know.

"Never!" cried I, jumping up. "Never shall my uncle be made aware of the dread secret. He would be quite capable of undertaking the terrible journey. Nothing would check him, nothing stop him. Worse, he would compel me to accompany him, and we should be lost forever. But no; such folly and madness cannot be allowed."

dread - वहशत, सहम

folly - मूर्खता, फ़ली, ignorance

madness - पागलपन

I was almost beside myself with rage and fury.

"My worthy uncle is already nearly mad," I cried aloud. "This would finish him. By some accident he may make the discovery; in which case, we are both lost. Perish the fearful secret-let the flames forever bury it in oblivion."

perish - खत्म हो जाना, मरना, मर जाना

oblivion - विस्मृति, गुमनामी, भूल देना

I snatched up book and parchment, and was about to cast them into the fire, when the door opened and my uncle entered.

I had scarcely time to put down the wretched documents before my uncle was by my side. He was profoundly absorbed. His thoughts were evidently bent on the terrible parchment. Some new combination had probably struck him while taking his walk.

wretched - दयनीय, दरिद्र, अत्यंत दुखी

profoundly - पूरी तरह से, पूर्णतया, नितान्त

evidently - स्पष्ट रूप से, स्पष्ट रूप से

He seated himself in his armchair, and with a pen began to make an algebraical calculation. I watched him with anxious eyes. My flesh crawled as it became probable that he would discover the secret.

algebraical - pertaining to algebra or its laws

His combinations I knew now were useless, I having discovered the one only clue. For three mortal hours he continued without speaking a word, without raising his head, scratching, rewriting, calculating over and over again. I knew that in time he must hit upon the right phrase. The letters of every alphabet have only a certain number of combinations.

mortal - घातक, मर्त्य/मरणशील, भीषण

rewriting - पुनर्लेखन, फिर से लिखना

But then years might elapse before he would arrive at the correct solution.

elapse - बीत जाना, बीत जाना

Still time went on; night came, the sounds in the streets ceased-and still my uncle went on, not even answering our worthy cook when she called us to supper.

I did not dare to leave him, so waved her away, and at last fell asleep on the sofa.

sofa - सोफ़ा, सोफा

When I awoke my uncle was still at work. His red eyes, his pallid countenance, his matted hair, his feverish hands, his hectically flushed cheeks, showed how terrible had been his struggle with the impossible, and what fearful fatigue he had undergone during that long sleepless night. It made me quite ill to look at him.

awoke - जगा हुआ, जागरूक, जगाना, जागना

pallid - मुरझाया, पीला, म्लान, कुम्हलाया

countenance - समर्थन, मुखाकृति, अनुमोदन करना

matted - चमकरहित

feverish - उत्तेजित, ज्वरजन्य

flushed - समतल, समृद्ध

fatigue - थकान

sleepless - निद्रारहित

Though he was rather severe with me, I loved him, and my heart ached at his sufferings. He was so overcome by one idea that he could not even get in a passion! All his energies were focused on one point. And I knew that by speaking one little word all this suffering would cease. I could not speak it.

ached - तरसना, दर्द, तकलीफ़ देना

sufferings - पीड़ा, अत्यंत दुखी, कष्ट, दुःख

My heart was, nevertheless, inclining towards him. Why, then, did I remain silent? In the interest of my uncle himself.

inclining - आकर्षित करना, (incline) आकर्षित करना

"Nothing shall make me speak," I muttered. "He will want to follow in the footsteps of the other! I know him well. His imagination is a perfect volcano, and to make discoveries in the interests of geology he would sacrifice his life. I will therefore be silent and strictly keep the secret I have discovered. To reveal it would be suicidal.

Footsteps - चरणचिन्ह, पैरों की आहट

volcano - ज्वालामुखी

suicidal - आत्मघाती, आत्मघातक

He would not only rush, himself, to destruction, but drag me with him."

I crossed my arms, looked another way and smoked-resolved never to speak.

When our cook wanted to go out to market, or on any other errand, she found the front door locked and the key taken away. Was this done purposely or not? Surely Professor Hardwigg did not intend the old woman and myself to become martyrs to his obstinate will. Were we to be starved to death? A frightful recollection came to my mind.

errand - दूतकार्य

purposely - जानबूझकर, जान बूझ कर

martyrs - शहीद करना, दुखी आत्मा

obstinate - ज़िद्दी, हठी, अक्खड़

frightful - बहुत खराब, भयानक, बहुत खराब

recollection - स्मरण, स्मरण शक्ति, याद, स्मृति

Once we had fed on bits and scraps for a week while he sorted some curiosities. It gave me the cramp even to think of it!

fed - भारतीय राष्ट्रीय बैंक को भेजा गया, (feed) भारतीय राष्ट्रीय बैंक को भेजा गया

scraps - झगड़ा, निकाल देना, रद्दी

cramp - ऐंठन या मरोड़ की पीड़ा देना, ऐंठन

I wanted my breakfast, and I saw no way of getting it. Still my resolution held good. I would starve rather than yield. But the cook began to take me seriously to task. What was to be done? She could not go out; and I dared not.

My uncle continued counting and writing; his imagination seemed to have translated him to the skies. He neither thought of eating nor drinking. In this way twelve o'clock came round. I was hungry, and there was nothing in the house. The cook had eaten the last bit of bread. This could not go on. It did, however, until two, when my sensations were terrible.

After all, I began to think the document very absurd. Perhaps it might only be a gigantic hoax. Besides, some means would surely be found to keep my uncle back from attempting any such absurd expedition. On the other hand, if he did attempt anything so quixotic, I should not be compelled to accompany him. Another line of reasoning partially decided me.

gigantic - बहुत बड़ा

hoax - घोखेबाज़

Very likely he would make the discovery himself when I should have suffered starvation for nothing. Under the influence of hunger this reasoning appeared admirable. I determined to tell all.

starvation - भुखमरी

admirable - उत्कृष्ट, प्रशंसनीय, स्तुत्य

The question now arose as to how it was to be done. I was still dwelling on the thought, when he rose and put on his hat.

dwelling - आवास, निवास स्थान

What! go out and lock us in? Never!

"Uncle," I began.

He did not appear even to hear me.

"Professor Hardwigg," I cried.

"What," he retorted, "did you speak?"

retorted - प्रत्युत्तर देना, प्रत्युतर

"How about the key?"

"What key-the key of the door?"

"No-of these horrible hieroglyphics?"

He looked at me from under his spectacles, and started at the odd expression of my face. rushing forward, he clutched me by the arm and keenly examined my countenance. His very look was an interrogation.

rushing forward - आगे बढ़ना

clutched - क्लच, अण्डो का समुच्चय

interrogation - पूछताछ

I simply nodded.

With an incredulous shrug of the shoulders, he turned upon his heel. Undoubtedly he thought I had gone mad.

incredulous - अविश्वासपूर्ण, अविश्वासी

"I have made a very important discovery."

His eyes flashed with excitement. His hand was lifted in a menacing attitude. For a moment neither of us spoke. It is hard to say which was most excited.

menacing - हानिकारक, धमकी

"You don't mean to say that you have any idea of the meaning of the scrawl?"

scrawl - घसीटना, घसीट कर लिखना

"I do," was my desperate reply. "Look at the sentence as dictated by you."

"Well, but it means nothing," was the angry answer.

"Nothing if you read from left to right, but mark, if from right to left-"

"Backwards!" cried my uncle, in wild amazement. "Oh most cunning Saknussemm; and I to be such a blockhead!"

amazement - अचंभा

most cunning - सबसे चालाक

blockhead - बेवक़ूफ़

He snatched up the document, gazed at it with haggard eye, and read it out as I had done.

haggard - थका-हारा

It read as follows:

In Sneffels Yoculis craterem kem delibat

umbra Scartaris Julii intra calendas descende,

umbra - छाया का पूरी तरह काला मध्य भाग

intra - भीतरी

audas viator, et terrestre centrum attinges.

viator - वियेटर

et - Eastern Time

centrum - केंद्र

Kod feci. Arne Saknussemm

Which dog Latin being translated, reads as follows:

Descend into the crater of Yocul of Sneffels, which the shade of

crater - ज्वालामुखी पहाड का मुख

Scartaris caresses, before the kalends of July, audacious traveler,

caresses - प्यार से स्पर्श करना

audacious - निडर, दुःसाहसी, गुस्ताख़

and you will reach the centre of the earth. I did it.


My uncle leaped three feet from the ground with joy. He looked radiant and handsome. He rushed about the room wild with delight and satisfaction. He knocked over tables and chairs. He threw his books about until at last, utterly exhausted, he fell into his armchair.

radiant - तेजस्वी, प्रफुल्ल, प्रसन्नचित

exhausted - थकाना, खींच लेना

"What's o'clock?" he asked.

"About three."

"My dinner does not seem to have done me much good," he observed. "Let me have something to eat. We can then start at once. Get my portmanteau ready."

portmanteau - पोर्टमेंटो

"What for?"

"And your own," he continued. "We start at once."

My horror may be conceived. I resolved however to show no fear. Scientific reasons were the only ones likely to influence my uncle. Now, there were many against this terrible journey. The very idea of going down to the centre of the earth was simply absurd. I determined therefore to argue the point after dinner.

My uncle's rage was now directed against the cook for having no dinner ready. My explanation however satisfied him, and having gotten the key, she soon contrived to get sufficient to satisfy our voracious appetites.

contrived - बनाना, कोशिश करना, उपाय निकालना

voracious - पेटू, लालची, भुक्खड़, अत्युत्सुक

During the repast my uncle was rather gay than otherwise. He made some of those peculiar jokes which belong exclusively to the learned. As soon, however, as dessert was over, he called me to his study. We each took a chair on opposite sides of the table.

repast - भोज

dessert - मिठाई, हलवा, डेज़र्ट

"Henry," he said, in a soft and winning voice; "I have always believed you ingenious, and you have rendered me a service never to be forgotten. Without you, this great, this wondrous discovery would never have been made. It is my duty, therefore, to insist on your sharing the glory."

wondrous - आश्चर्यजनक रूप से, आश्चर्यजनक

"He is in a good humor," thought I; "I'll soon let him know my opinion of glory."

"In the first place," he continued, "you must keep the whole affair a profound secret. There is no more envious race of men than scientific discoverers. Many would start on the same journey. At all events, we will be the first in the field."

more envious - अधिक क्रोधित

discoverers - खोजकर्ता

"I doubt your having many competitors," was my reply.

"A man of real scientific acquirements would be delighted at the chance. We should find a perfect stream of pilgrims on the traces of Arne Saknussemm, if this document were once made public."

acquirements - हुनर

pilgrims - तीर्थयात्री

"But, my dear sir, is not this paper very likely to be a hoax?" I urged.

"The book in which we find it is sufficient proof of its authenticity," he replied.

authenticity - प्रामाणिकता, प्रमाणिकता

"I thoroughly allow that the celebrated Professor wrote the lines, but only, I believe, as a kind of mystification," was my answer.

mystification - घबराहट

Scarcely were the words out of my mouth, when I was sorry I had uttered them. My uncle looked at me with a dark and gloomy scowl, and I began to be alarmed for the results of our conversation. His mood soon changed, however, and a smile took the place of a frown.

uttered - चलाना, निकालना, नितान्त, कहना

gloomy - उदास, अंधकारमय, निराशजनक, दुखी

scowl - त्योरी चढ़ाना, नाक-भौं चढ़ाना

frown - त्यौरी चढा़ना

"We shall see," he remarked, with decisive emphasis.

"But see, what is all this about Yocul, and Sneffels, and this Scartaris? I have never heard anything about them."

"The very point to which I am coming. I lately received from my friend Augustus Peterman, of Leipzig, a map. Take down the third atlas from the second shelf, series Z, plate 4."

Augustus - Roman emperor, male given name

Leipzig - city in Saxony, Germany

atlas - मानचित्रावली

I rose, went to the shelf, and presently returned with the volume indicated.

"This," said my uncle, "is one of the best maps of Iceland. I believe it will settle all your doubts, difficulties and objections."

With a grim hope to the contrary, I stooped over the map.

grim - भयानक

stooped - झुक कर खड़ा होना, झुकना


"You see, the whole island is composed of volcanoes," said the Professor, "and remark carefully that they all bear the name of Yocul. The word is Icelandic, and means a glacier. In most of the lofty mountains of that region the volcanic eruptions come forth from icebound caverns. Hence the name applied to every volcano on this extraordinary island."

volcanoes - ज्वालामुखी पहाड़, ज्वालामुखी

glacier - हिमानी, ग्लेशियर, हिमखंड, हिमबाह

lofty - उत्कृष्ट, उदात्त, अहंकारी

volcanic - ज्वालामुखी के समान

eruptions - उद्भेदन, उदभेदन

caverns - कंदरा, बड़ी गुफा

"But what does this word Sneffels mean?"

To this question I expected no rational answer. I was mistaken.

"Follow my finger to the western coast of Iceland, there you see Reykjavik, its capital. Follow the direction of one of its innumerable fjords or arms of the sea, and what do you see below the sixty-fifth degree of latitude?"

Reykjavik - रेक्जाविक

innumerable - असंख्य, अमित

Latitude - अक्षांश

"A peninsula-very like a thighbone in shape."

Peninsula - प्रायद्वीप

thighbone - femur

"And in the centre of it-?"

"A mountain."

"Well, that's Sneffels."

I had nothing to say.

"That is Sneffels-a mountain about five thousand feet in height, one of the most remarkable in the whole island, and certainly doomed to be the most celebrated in the world, for through its crater we shall reach the centre of the earth."

doomed - बरबाद होना, अर्थी, बरबाद होना

"Impossible!" cried I, startled and shocked at the thought.

"Why impossible?" said Professor Hardwigg in his severest tones.

"Because its crater is choked with lava, by burning rocks-by infinite dangers."

choked - चोक, सांस रूकना

lava - लावा

infinite - अनंत, असीम, विशाल, अपरिमित

"But if it be extinct?"

extinct - सुप्त, दुर्लभ, विलुप्त, लुप्त

"That would make a difference."

"Of course it would. There are about three hundred volcanoes on the whole surface of the globe-but the greater number are extinct. Of these Sneffels is one. No eruption has occurred since 1219-in fact it has ceased to be a volcano at all."

eruption - उद्भेदन, उदभेदन

After this what more could I say? Yes,-I thought of another objection.

"But what is all this about Scartaris and the kalends of July-?"

My uncle reflected deeply. Presently he gave forth the result of his reflections in a sententious tone. "What appears obscure to you, to me is light. This very phrase shows how particular Saknussemm is in his directions. The Sneffels mountain has many craters. He is careful therefore to point the exact one which is the highway into the Interior of the Earth.

sententious - सारगर्भित, उपदेशात्मक

obscure - अज्ञात, दुरूह, कठिनाई

craters - कटोरे की आकृति का गड्ढा

He lets us know, for this purpose, that about the end of the month of June, the shadow of Mount Scartaris falls upon the one crater. There can be no doubt about the matter."

My uncle had an answer for everything.

"I accept all your explanations" I said, "and Saknussemm is right. He found out the entrance to the bowels of the earth, he has indicated correctly, but that he or anyone else ever followed up the discovery is madness to suppose."

bowels - आँत, अंतड़ी

"Why so, young man?"

"All scientific teaching, theoretical and practical, shows it to be impossible."

"I care nothing for theories," retorted my uncle.

"But is it not well-known that heat increases one degree for every seventy feet you descend into the earth? Which gives a fine idea of the central heat. All the matters which compose the globe are in a state of incandescence; even gold, platinum, and the hardest rocks are in a state of fusion. What would become of us?"

incandescence - ताप दीप्ति, ताप दीप्ति

platinum - महातु, प्लैटिनम

fusion - सम्मिश्रण, संयोजन

"Don't be alarmed at the heat, my boy."

"How so?"

"Neither you nor anybody else know anything about the real state of the earth's interior. All modern experiments tend to explode the older theories. Were any such heat to exist, the upper crust of the earth would be shattered to atoms, and the world would be at an end."

crust - भूपर्पटी

atoms - जरा भी, परमाणु

A long, learned and not uninteresting discussion followed, which ended in this wise:

uninteresting - नीरस, ग़ैर दिलचस्प

"I do not believe in the dangers and difficulties which you, Henry, seem to multiply; and the only way to learn, is like Arne Saknussemm, to go and see."

"Well," cried I, overcome at last, "let us go and see. Though how we can do that in the dark is another mystery."

"Fear nothing. We shall overcome these, and many other difficulties. Besides, as we approach the centre, I expect to find it luminous-"

luminous - चमकीला, चमकदार, उद्दीप्त

"Nothing is impossible."

"And now that we have come to a thorough understanding, not a word to any living soul. Our success depends on secrecy and dispatch."

secrecy - गोपनीयता

dispatch - हराना, प्रेषित करना, भेजना

Thus ended our memorable conference, which roused a perfect fever in me. Leaving my uncle, I went forth like one possessed. Reaching the banks of the Elbe, I began to think. Was all I had heard really and truly possible? Was my uncle in his sober senses, and could the interior of the earth be reached? Was I the victim of a madman, or was he a discoverer of rare courage and grandeur of conception?

roused - उत्तेजित करना, उत्तेजित, उठाना

Elbe - European river

sober - गंभीर कर देना, गंभीर, सादा

madman - दीवाना, पागल, पगला

Discoverer - खोजकर्ता

grandeur - भव्यता, वैभव, श्रेष्ठता

To a certain extent I was anxious to be off. I was afraid my enthusiasm would cool. I determined to pack up at once. At the end of an hour, however, on my way home, I found that my feelings had very much changed.

feelings - भावना, अहसास, जज्बात

"I'm all abroad," I cried; "'tis a nightmare-I must have dreamed it."

Tis - यह है, (Ti) यह है

At this moment I came face to face with Gretchen, whom I warmly embraced.

warmly - उत्साह से, स्नेह से, गरम ढंग से

"So you have come to meet me," she said; "how good of you. But what is the matter?"

Well, it was no use mincing the matter, I told her all. She listened with awe, and for some minutes she could not speak.

mincing - कोमल, नाज़ुक, (mince)

awe - विस्मय, विस्मयाकुल कर देना

"Well?" I at last said, rather anxiously.

anxiously - चिंतित होकर, उदवेग से

"What a magnificent journey. If I were only a man! A journey worthy of the nephew of Professor Hardwigg. I should look upon it as an honor to accompany him."

"My dear Gretchen, I thought you would be the first to cry out against this mad enterprise."

"No; on the contrary, I glory in it. It is magnificent, splendid-an idea worthy of my father. Henry Lawson, I envy you."

splendid - शानदार

envy - ईर्ष्या

This was, as it were, conclusive. The final blow of all.

conclusive - निर्णायक

When we entered the house we found my uncle surrounded by workmen and porters, who were packing up. He was pulling and hauling at a bell.

workmen - श्रमिक, कारीगर, मजदूर

porters - पोर्टर, द्वारपाल, दरवानअ, क़ुली

hauling - ढोना

"Where have you been wasting your time? Your portmanteau is not packed-my papers are not in order-the precious tailor has not brought my clothes, nor my gaiters-the key of my carpet bag is gone!"

tailor - दर्ज़ी

gaiters - घुटनों के नीचे पहनने वाला कपड़ा

I looked at him stupefied. And still he tugged away at the bell.

stupefied - मंदबुद्धि कर देना, हैरान करना

tugged - सितारा मछली, कर्षण नौका

"We are really off, then?" I said.

"Yes-of course, and yet you go out for a stroll, unfortunate boy!"

stroll - सैर

"And when do we go?"

"The day after tomorrow, at daybreak."

daybreak - भोर

I heard no more; but darted off to my little bedchamber and locked myself in. There was no doubt about it now. My uncle had been hard at work all the afternoon. The garden was full of ropes, rope ladders, torches, gourds, iron clamps, crowbars, alpenstocks, and pickaxes-enough to load ten men.

bedchamber - शयनकक्ष

torches - टर्च, धमनदीप, जला देना

gourds - कद्दू वर्गीय सब्ज़ी, अलाबू

clamps - जकड़ना, शिकंजा, कीलक

crowbars - बोझ उठाने की डण्डी/लोहदंड, खनती

I passed a terrible night. I was called early the next day to learn that the resolution of my uncle was unchanged and irrevocable. I also found my cousin and affianced wife as warm on the subject as was her father.

unchanged - अपरिवर्तित

irrevocable - अपरिवर्तनीय, अटल, अप्रतिसंहरणीय

Next day, at five o'clock in the morning, the post chaise was at the door. Gretchen and the old cook received the keys of the house; and, scarcely pausing to wish anyone good-by, we started on our adventurous journey into the centre of the earth.

Chaise - आराम की सवारी

adventurous - साहसिक, उत्साही, जोखिम भरा


At Altona, a suburb of Hamburg, is the Chief Station of the Kiel railway, which was to take us to the shores of the Belt. In twenty minutes from the moment of our departure we were in Holstein, and our carriage entered the station. Our heavy luggage was taken out, weighed, labeled, and placed in a huge van.

Holstein - फ़्रीज़न गाय, फ़्रीज़न गाय

luggage - सामान

We then took our tickets, and exactly at seven o'clock were seated opposite each other in a firstclass railway carriage.

railway carriage - रेलवे गाड़ी

My uncle said nothing. He was too busy examining his papers, among which of course was the famous parchment, and some letters of introduction from the Danish consul which were to pave the way to an introduction to the Governor of Iceland. My only amusement was looking out of the window. But as we passed through a flat though fertile country, this occupation was slightly monotonous.

Danish - डेन्मार्क क्, डेनिश पेस्ट्री

consul - कौंसल, क़ोंसल, क़ौंसल

pave - पटरी बिछाना, पटरी बिछाना

amusement - मनोरंजन

fertile - उपजाऊ

monotonous - निरश

In three hours we reached Kiel, and our baggage was at once transferred to the steamer.

baggage - यात्री का सामान, सामान

steamer - स्टीमर

We had now a day before us, a delay of about ten hours. Which fact put my uncle in a towering passion. We had nothing to do but to walk about the pretty town and bay. At length, however, we went on board, and at half past ten were steaming down the Great Belt.

It was a dark night, with a strong breeze and a rough sea, nothing being visible but the occasional fires on shore, with here and there a lighthouse. At seven in the morning we left Korsor, a little town on the western side of Seeland.

breeze - मन्द समीर

rough sea - अशोक समुद्र

lighthouse - रोशनीघर, दीपगृह

Seeland - सीलैंड

Here we took another railway, which in three hours brought us to the capital, Copenhagen, where, scarcely taking time for refreshment, my uncle hurried out to present one of his letters of introduction. It was to the director of the Museum of Antiquities, who, having been informed that we were tourists bound for Iceland, did all he could to assist us. One wretched hope sustained me now.

Copenhagen - capital of Denmark

refreshment - ताज़गी, जलपान, अल्पाहार जलपान

Antiquities - प्राचीन काल, पुरावस्तु

Perhaps no vessel was bound for such distant parts.

Alas! a little Danish schooner, the Valkyrie, was to sail on the second of June for Reykjavik. The captain, M. Bjarne, was on board, and was rather surprised at the energy and cordiality with which his future passenger shook him by the hand. To him a voyage to Iceland was merely a matter of course. My uncle, on the other hand, considered the event of sublime importance.

schooner - स्कूनर, बड़ा गिलास

Valkyrie - any of the female attendants

cordiality - सौहार्द, निष्कपटता

sublime - उच्च, उत्कष्ट, भव्य, प्रतापी

The honest sailor took advantage of the Professor's enthusiasm to double the fare.

"On Tuesday morning at seven o'clock be on board," said M. Bjarne, handing us our receipts.

"Excellent! Capital! Glorious!" remarked my uncle as we sat down to a late breakfast; "refresh yourself, my boy, and we will take a run through the town."

refresh - फिर से भरना, ताजा करना

Our meal concluded, we went to the Kongens-Nye-Torw; to the king's magnificent palace; to the beautiful bridge over the canal near the Museum; to the immense cenotaph of Thorwaldsen with its hideous naval groups; to the castle of Rosenberg; and to all the other lions of the place-none of which my uncle even saw, so absorbed was he in his anticipated triumphs.

cenotaph - स्मारक

hideous - डरावना, वीभत्स

But one thing struck his fancy, and that was a certain singular steeple situated on the Island of Amak, which is the southeast quarter of the city of Copenhagen. My uncle at once ordered me to turn my steps that way, and accordingly we went on board the steam ferry boat which does duty on the canal, and very soon reached the noted dockyard quay.

singular - एकवचन

steeple - मीनार

southeast - दक्षिण पूर्व, दक्षिण पूर्वी

ferry boat - फेरी बोट

Dockyard - गोदी बाड़ा

quay - जहाजी घाट

In the first instance we crossed some narrow streets, where we met numerous groups of galley slaves, with particolored trousers, grey and yellow, working under the orders and the sticks of severe taskmasters, and finally reached the Vor-Frelser's-Kirk.

galley - जहाज का रसोईघर, पोत, रसोईघर

particolored - रंगबिरंगा

taskmasters - सख्त काम लेने वाला

kirk - गिरजाघर, स्कटमैंड का गिरजाघर

This church exhibited nothing remarkable in itself; in fact, the worthy Professor had only been attracted to it by one circumstance, which was, that its rather elevated steeple started from a circular platform, after which there was an exterior staircase, which wound round to the very summit.

circular - वृत्तीय, वर्तुल, गोल, वृत्ताकार

exterior - बाहरी, बाहर, बहिर्भाग, बाह्य रूप

staircase - सीढ़ी, सोपान

"Let us ascend," said my uncle.

ascend - चढ़ना

"But I never could climb church towers," I cried, "I am subject to dizziness in my head."

dizziness - चक्कर

"The very reason why you should go up. I want to cure you of a bad habit."

"But, my good sir-"

"I tell you to come. What is the use of wasting so much valuable time?"

It was impossible to dispute the dictatorial commands of my uncle. I yielded with a groan. On payment of a fee, a verger gave us the key. He, for one, was not partial to the ascent. My uncle at once showed me the way, running up the steps like a schoolboy. I followed as well as I could, though no sooner was I outside the tower, than my head began to swim. There was nothing of the eagle about me.

dictatorial - अधिनायकीय, दबंग

groan - कराहना, आह

verger - गिरजाघर कर्मचारी

ascent - आरोहण, चढ़ाव् अ, चढ़ाई

schoolboy - स्कूली लड़का, स्कूली लड़का

eagle - गरुड, चील, उक़ाब, उकाब

The earth was enough for me, and no ambitious desire to soar ever entered my mind. Still things did not go badly until I had ascended 150 steps, and was near the platform, when I began to feel the rush of cold air. I could scarcely stand, when clutching the railings, I looked upwards.

ascended - चढना, बढना/चढ़ना, उपर उठना

clutching - क्लच, अण्डो का समुच्चय

The railing was frail enough, but nothing to those which skirted the terrible winding staircase, that appeared, from where I stood, to ascend to the skies.

frail - कमजोर

winding - घुमावदार, घुमाव, चक्कर

"Now then, Henry."

"I can't do it!" I cried, in accents of despair.

I can't do it - मुझे यह नहीं कर सकता।

despair - निराशा, मायूसी

"Are you, after all, a coward, sir?" said my uncle in a pitiless tone. "Go up, I say!"

coward - कायर, डरपोक, बुज़दिल, बुजदिल

To this there was no reply possible. And yet the keen air acted violently on my nervous system; sky, earth, all seemed to swim round, while the steeple rocked like a ship. My legs gave way like those of a drunken man. I crawled upon my hands and knees; I hauled myself up slowly, crawling like a snake. Presently I closed my eyes, and allowed myself to be dragged upwards.

violently - हिंसात्मक ढंग से

drunken - नशे में धुत्त, नशे में धुत्त

hauled - ढोना

"Look around you," said my uncle in a stern voice, "heaven knows what profound abysses you may have to look down. This is excellent practice."

stern - कड़ा, कठोर, सख्त

abysses - नर्क, रसातल, गहरी खाई

Slowly, and shivering all the while with cold, I opened my eyes. What then did I see? My first glance was upwards at the cold fleecy clouds, which as by some optical delusion appeared to stand still, while the steeple, the weathercock, and our two selves were carried swiftly along. Far away on one side could be seen the grassy plain, while on the other lay the sea bathed in translucent light.

shivering - काँपता हुआ, काँपता हुआ

fleecy - मुलायम, ऊन के समान, ऊनी, रोवेदार

delusion - भ्रांति, भ्रम, भ्रम/धोखा

weathercock - वातदिग्दर्शक मुर्ग

Swiftly - तेज़ी से, तेज़ी से

grassy - घासमय, घासदार

translucent - पारभासी

The Sund, or Sound as we call it, could be discovered beyond the point of Elsinore, crowded with white sails, which, at that distance looked like the wings of seagulls; while to the east could be made out the far-off coast of Sweden. The whole appeared a magic panorama.

seagulls - समुद्री गल, सामुद्रिक चिड़िया

Sweden - स्वीडन

panorama - परिदृश्य, चित्रावली, दृश्यपटल

But faint and bewildered as I was, there was no remedy for it. Rise and stand up I must. Despite my protestations my first lesson lasted quite an hour. When, nearly two hours later, I reached the bosom of mother earth, I was like a rheumatic old man bent double with pain.

faint - अस्पष्ट

protestations - विरोध, प्रतिज्ञापन, प्रकथन

bosom - मन में रखना, छाती

rheumatic - आमवाती, वातरोगग्रस्त

"Enough for one day," said my uncle, rubbing his hands, "we will begin again tomorrow."

There was no remedy. My lessons lasted five days, and at the end of that period, I ascended blithely enough, and found myself able to look down into the depths below without even winking, and with some degree of pleasure.

blithely - प्रसन्नतापूर्वक

winking - आँख मारना, पलक झपकना


The hour of departure came at last. The night before, the worthy Mr. Thompson brought us the most cordial letters of introduction for Baron Trampe, Governor of Iceland, for M. Pictursson, coadjutor to the bishop, and for M. Finsen, mayor of the town of Reykjavik. In return, my uncle nearly crushed his hands, so warmly did he shake them.

most cordial - सबसे आत्मसंगत

Baron - शक्तिशाली उद्योगपति, बैरन

coadjutor - assistant to a bishop

On the second of the month, at two in the morning, our precious cargo of luggage was taken on board the good ship Valkyrie. We followed, and were very politely introduced by the captain to a small cabin with two standing bed places, neither very well ventilated nor very comfortable. But in the cause of science men are expected to suffer.

ventilated - हवा करना, प्रकाश में लाना

"Well, and have we a fair wind?" cried my uncle, in his most mellifluous accents.

wind - हवा

mellifluous - मधुर

"An excellent wind!" replied Captain Bjarne; "we shall leave the Sound, going free with all sails set."

A few minutes afterwards, the schooner started before the wind, under all the canvas she could carry, and entered the channel. An hour later, the capital of Denmark seemed to sink into the waves, and we were at no great distance from the coast of Elsinore. My uncle was delighted; for myself, moody and dissatisfied, I appeared almost to expect a glimpse of the ghost of Hamlet.

Denmark - डेन्मार्क

moody - Given to sudden or frequent changes of mind, temperamental

dissatisfied - असंतुष्ट, असन्तुष्ट, असंतोषी

hamlet - हम्लेट

"Sublime madman," thought I, "you doubtless would approve our proceedings. You might perhaps even follow us to the centre of the earth, there to resolve your eternal doubts."

doubtless - असंदिग्ध, नीस्संदेह, निसन्देह

But no ghost or anything else appeared upon the ancient walls. The fact is, the castle is much later than the time of the heroic prince of Denmark. It is now the residence of the keeper of the Strait of the Sound, and through that Sound more than fifteen thousand vessels of all nations pass every year.

heroic - वीरतापूर्ण, द्विपदी

keeper - रक्षक{रखवाली करने वाला}, रक्षक

Strait - जलसंधि, जलसंयोगी, जलडमरू

The castle of Kronborg soon disappeared in the murky atmosphere, as well as the tower of Helsinborg, which raises its head on the Swedish Bank. And here the schooner began to feel in earnest the breezes of the Kattegat. The Valkyrie was swift enough, but with all sailing boats there is the same uncertainty. Her cargo was coal, furniture, pottery, woolen clothing, and a load of corn.

murky - संदेहास्पद, अँधेरा, अँधेरी, गंदा

Swedish - स्वीडिश, स्वीडियाई

breezes - आसान बात, मंद हवा, मंद हवा

swift - द्रुतगामी, तुरन्त

pottery - मिट्टी के बर्तनों

woolen - ऊनी वस्त्र, ऊनी

corn - मकई का दाना

As usual, the crew was small, five Danes doing the whole of the work.

Danes - डेन्मार्क वासी, डेन्मार्क वासी

"How long will the voyage last?" asked my uncle.

"Well, I should think about ten days," replied the skipper, "unless, indeed, we meet with some northeast gales among the Faroe islands."

skipper - कप्तान, नायक जहाज का

northeast - उत्तर पूर्व, उत्तरपूर्व

gales - {अनौपचारिक}लड़की

Faroe islands - फ़ैरो द्वीपसमूह

"At all events, there will be no very considerable delay," cried the impatient Professor.

"No, Mr. Hardwigg," said the captain, "no fear of that. At all events, we shall get there some day."

towards evening the schooner doubled Cape Skagen, the northernmost part of Denmark, crossed the Skagerrak during the night-skirted the extreme point of Norway through the gut of Cape Lindesnes, and then reached the Northern Seas.

towards evening - सायंकाळी

Cape - गरदनी, कंधे का वस्त्र

northernmost - सुदूर उत्तरी, उत्तरतम

Norway - नार्वे

Two days later we were not far from the coast of Scotland, somewhere near what Danish sailors call Peterhead, and then the Valkyrie stretched out direct for the Faroe Islands, between Orkney and Shetland. Our vessel now felt the full force of the ocean waves, and the wind shifting, we with great difficulty made the Faroe Isles.

Scotland - स्कौटलैंड

Orkney - ओर्कनी

Shetland - शेटलैण्डी कुत्ता

Isles - टापू

On the eighth day, the captain made out Myganness, the westernmost of the isles, and from that moment headed direct for Portland, a cape on the southern shores of the singular island for which we were bound.

Eighth - आठवां

westernmost - सुदूर पश्चिमी

Portland - पोर्टलैंड

The voyage offered no incident worthy of record. I bore it very well, but my uncle to his great annoyance, and even shame, was remarkably seasick! This mal de mer troubled him the more that it prevented him from questioning Captain Bjarne as to the subject of Sneffels, as to the means of communication, and the facilities of transport.

offered - देना, अर्पण करना, बलि देना

annoyance - चिढ़, मुसीबत, कष्ट, छेड़छाड़

seasick - जहाजी मतली, जहाज़ी बीमार

mal - माल

de - initialism of differential equation

All these explanations he had to adjourn to the period of his arrival. His time, meanwhile, was spent lying in bed groaning, and dwelling anxiously on the hoped-for termination of the voyage. I didn't pity him.

adjourn - स्थानांतरितना, स्थगित करना

groaning - कराहपूर्ण, (groan) कराहपूर्ण

termination - समाप्ति, समापन, गर्भपात

On the eleventh day we sighted Cape Portland, over which towered Mount Myrdals Yokul, which, the weather being clear, we made out very readily. The cape itself is nothing but a huge mount of granite standing naked and alone to meet the Atlantic waves. The Valkyrie kept off the coast, steering to the westward. On all sides were to be seen whole "schools" of whales and sharks.

eleventh - ग्यारहवाँ

granite - ग्रेनाइट

westward - पश्चिम, पश्चिम की ओर

Whales - गिल्गुले, (whale) गिल्गुले

sharks - शार्क का शिकार करना, धूर्त

After some hours we came in sight of a solitary rock in the ocean, forming a mighty vault, through which the foaming waves poured with intense fury. The islets of Westman appeared to leap from the ocean, being so low in the water as scarcely to be seen until you were right upon them.

mighty - शक्तिशाली, बहुत, प्रबल, तेजस्वी

vault - मेहराबी छत

foaming - फोमिंग, (foam), झाग

islets - टापू, छोटा द्वीप

From that moment the schooner was steered to the westward in order to round Cape Reykjanes, the western point of Iceland.

My uncle, to his great disgust, was unable even to crawl on deck, so heavy a sea was on, and thus lost the first view of the Land of Promise.

disgust - गुस्सा, घृणा करना, घृणा

Forty-eight hours later, after a storm which drove us far to sea under bare poles, we came once more in sight of land, and were boarded by a pilot, who, after three hours of dangerous navigation, brought the schooner safely to an anchor in the bay of Faxa before Reykjavik.

safely - निश्चित रूप से, आराम से

My uncle came out of his cabin pale, haggard, thin, but full of enthusiasm, his eyes dilated with pleasure and satisfaction. Nearly the whole population of the town was on foot to see us land. The fact was, that scarcely any one of them but expected some goods by the periodical vessel.

dilated - फैलाना, फैल जाना

periodical - समय समय पर किया जाने वाला

Professor Hardwigg was in haste to leave his prison, or rather as he called it, his hospital; but before he attempted to do so, he caught hold of my hand, led me to the quarterdeck of the schooner, took my arm with his left hand, and pointed inland with his right, over the northern part of the bay, to where rose a high two-peaked mountain-a double cone covered with eternal snow.

haste - जल्दी, जल्दबाजी, अविलंब

quarterdeck - क्वार्टर डेक, क्वार्टर डेक

inland - अंतःस्थलीय, अंदर, अन्तर्देशीय

cone - शंकु

"Behold he whispered in an awe-stricken voice, behold-Mount Sneffels!"

behold - निहारना

Then without further remark, he put his finger to his lips, frowned darkly, and descended into the small boat which awaited us. I followed, and in a few minutes we stood upon the soil of mysterious Iceland!

frowned - त्योरी, तेवर, त्यौरी

darkly - गहरी उदासी से

Scarcely were we fairly on shore when there appeared before us a man of excellent appearance, wearing the costume of a military officer. He was, however, but a civil servant, a magistrate, the governor of the island-Baron Trampe. The Professor knew whom he had to deal with.

He therefore handed him the letters from Copenhagen, and a brief conversation in Danish followed, to which I of course was a stranger, and for a very good reason, for I did not know the language in which they conversed. I afterwards heard, however, that Baron Trampe placed himself entirely at the beck and call of Professor Hardwigg.

conversed - विपरीत, वार्तालाप करना

beck - तत्पर

My uncle was most graciously received by M. Finsen, the mayor, who as far as costume went, was quite as military as the governor, but also from character and occupation quite as pacific. As for his coadjutor, M. Pictursson, he was absent on an episcopal visit to the northern portion of the diocese. We were therefore compelled to defer the pleasure of being presented to him.

graciously - शालीनतापूर्वक, दया से

Pacific - स्थिर, शांतिकर, शांतिप्रिय

episcopal - बिशपतंत्री, धर्माध्यक्षीय

diocese - धर्मप्रदेश

defer - टालना, (def) टालना

His absence was, however, more than compensated by the presence of M. Fridriksson, professor of natural science in the college of Reykjavik, a man of invaluable ability. This modest scholar spoke no languages save Icelandic and Latin. When, therefore, he addressed himself to me in the language of Horace, we at once came to understand one another.

invaluable - बहुमूल्य, अमूल्य

He was, in fact, the only person that I did thoroughly understand during the whole period of my residence in this benighted island.

Out of three rooms of which his house was composed, two were placed at our service, and in a few hours we were installed with all our baggage, the amount of which rather astonished the simple inhabitants of Reykjavik.

astonished - ठगा सा, आश्चर्य होना, चकित करना

"Now, Harry," said my uncle, rubbing his hands, "an goes well, the worse difficulty is now over."

"How the worse difficulty over?" I cried in fresh amazement.

"Doubtless. Here we are in Iceland. Nothing more remains but to descend into the bowels of the earth."

"Well, sir, to a certain extent you are right. We have only to go down-but, as far as I am concerned, that is not the question. I want to know how we are to get up again."

"That is the least part of the business, and does not in any way trouble me. In the meantime, there is not an hour to lose. I am about to visit the public library. Very likely I may find there some manuscripts from the hand of Saknussemm. I shall be glad to consult them."

"In the meanwhile," I replied, "I will take a walk through the town. Will you not likewise do so?"

"I feel no interest in the subject," said my uncle. "What for me is curious in this island, is not what is above the surface, but what is below."

I bowed by way of reply, put on my hat and furred cloak, and went out.

cloak - चोग़ा

It was not an easy matter to lose oneself in the two streets of Reykjavik; I had therefore no need to ask my way. The town lies on a flat and marshy plain, between two hills. A vast field of lava skirts it on one side, falling away in terraces towards the sea.

oneself - स्वयं, ख़ुद

marshy - दलदली

Terraces - छत, चबूतरा, चबूतरा बनवाना

On the other hand is the large bay of Faxa, bordered on the north by the enormous glacier of Sneffels, and in which bay the Valkyrie was then the only vessel at anchor. Generally there were one or two English or French gunboats, to watch and protect the fisheries in the offing. They were now, however, absent on duty.

gunboats - तोपवाली नाव

fisheries - मछली पकड़ने की जगह

The longest of the streets of Reykjavik runs parallel to the shore. In this street the merchants and traders live in wooden huts made with beams of wood, painted red-mere log huts, such as you find in the wilds of America. The other street, situated more to the west, runs toward a little lake between the residences of the bishop and the other personages not engaged in commerce.

traders - व्यापारी, पणिता

huts - झोपड़ी, झोंपड़ी.छोटा घर, मड़ई

toward - की तरफ़, ओर, की ओर

personages - व्यक्ति, मान्य व्यक्ति

I had soon seen all I wanted of these weary and dismal thoroughfares. Here and there was a strip of discolored turf, like an old worn-out bit of woolen carpet; and now and then a bit of kitchen garden, in which grew potatoes, cabbage, and lettuce, almost diminutive enough to suggest the idea of Lilliput.

weary - थकाना, उकता देना, उबाऊ

dismal - निराशाजनक, भयानक, निराशपुर्ण

thoroughfares - सार्वजनिक मार्ग, आम रास्ता

discolored - फीका पड़ जाना, फीका पड़ जाना

turf - इलाका, अधिकार क्षेत्र

kitchen garden - रसोई बगीचा

cabbage - करमकल्ला, बंदगोभी

lettuce - लेटिष, सलाद पत्ता

diminutive - छोटा, अल्पार्थी, छोटा सा

Lilliput - लिलीपुट

In the centre of the new commercial street, I found the public cemetery, enclosed by an earthen wall. Though not very large, it appeared not likely to be filled for centuries. From hence I went to the house of the Governor-a mere hut in comparison with the Mansion House of Hamburg-but a palace alongside the other Icelandic houses.

enclosed - घेरना, बंद करना, बाड़ा लगाना

earthen - मिट्टी का, मिट्टी का

hut - झोंपड़ी, छोटा घर

mansion - हवेली, महल

Between the little lake and the town was the church, built in simple Protestant style, and composed of calcined stones, thrown up by volcanic action. I have not the slightest doubt that in high winds its red tiles were blown out, to the great annoyance of the pastor and congregation. Upon an eminence close at hand was the national school, in which were taught Hebrew, English, French, and Danish.

Protestant - प्रोटेस्टैंट, प्रोटेस्टैन्ट

calcined - जला कर राख बनाना

winds - करना, लच्छी बनाना

tiles - खपरैल से ढक, खपरैल, टाइल लगाना

eminence - प्रतिष्ठा, उत्कृष्टता, एमिनेंस

In three hours my tour was complete. The general impression upon my mind was sadness. No trees, no vegetation, so to speak-on all sides volcanic peaks-the huts of turf and earth-more like roofs than houses. Thanks to the heat of these residences, grass grows on the roof, which grass is carefully cut for hay.

sadness - दुःख, ग़म, उदासी

vegetation - वनस्पति, वनस्पति प्रवर्धन

Hay - सूखी घास

I saw but few inhabitants during my excursion, but I met a crowd on the beach, drying, salting and loading codfish, the principal article of exportation.

excursion - सैर, पर्यटन, भटकाव

codfish - मछली

article of exportation - निर्यात आइटम

The men appeared robust but heavy; fair-haired like Germans, but of pensive mien-exiles of a higher scale in the ladder of humanity than the Eskimos, but, I thought, much more unhappy, since with superior perceptions they are compelled to live within the limits of the polar circle.

haired - एक विशेष प्रकार के बाल

Germans - जर्मनी वासी

pensive - विचारमग्न, विषण्ण, विषादग्रस्त

mien - हावभाव

Eskimos - एस्किमो

polar circle - ध्रुव वृत्त

Sometimes they gave vent to a convulsive laugh, but by no chance did they smile. Their costume consists of a coarse capote of black wool, known in Scandinavian countries as the "vadmel," a broad-brimmed hat, trousers of red serge, and a piece of leather tied with strings for a shoe-a coarse kind of moccasin.

vent - छिद्र

convulsive - झटकेधर

coarse - घटिया, असभ्य, भद्दा, अश्लील

capote - कैपोट

Scandinavian - someone from Scandinavia

brimmed - किनारा, भरा हुआ होना, मूँहा

serge - सरज (कपड़ा)

moccasin - नरम चमडे से बना सपाट जूता, जूती

The women, though sad-looking and mournful, had rather agreeable features, without much expression. They wear a bodice and petticoat of somber vadmel. When unmarried they wear a little brown knitted cap over a crown of plaited hair; but when married, they cover their heads with a colored handkerchief, over which they tie a white scarf.

mournful - दुःखपूर्ण, दुख भरा

agreeable - रजामंद

bodice - चोली, चोली/अँगिया, अँगिया

petticoat - पेटीकोट, साया

somber - धुंधला, फीका, मलिन

unmarried - अविवाहित

knitted - जुड़ना, सिकोड़ना, बुनना, बुनाई

plaited - चोटी, चुन्नट, चोटी करना, चुटिया

handkerchief - रूमाल

scarf - स्कार्फ


When I returned, dinner was ready. This meal was devoured by my worthy relative with avidity and voracity. His shipboard diet had turned his interior into a perfect gulf. The repast, which was more Danish than Icelandic, was in itself nothing, but the excessive hospitality of our host made us enjoy it doubly.

devoured - नष्ट करना, खा जाना

avidity - उत्सुकता, उत्सुकता/लालच

voracity - अत्यधिक लालच, अतृप्तता

shipboard - जहाज़ी तख्ता, जहाज़ी तख्ता

Gulf - खाड़ी, खलीज, उपसागर

hospitality - आतिथ्य

doubly - दुगुना, भली भाँति, भली भाँति

The conversation turned upon scientific matters, and M. Fridriksson asked my uncle what he thought of the public library.

"Library, sir?" cried my uncle; "it appears to me a collection of useless odd volumes, and a beggarly amount of empty shelves."

beggarly - भीख की तरह, भिखाषियों के समान

"What!" cried M. Fridriksson; "why, we have eight thousand volumes of most rare and valuable works-some in the Scandinavian language, besides all the new publications from Copenhagen."

"Eight thousand volumes, my dear sir-why, where are they?" cried my uncle.

"Scattered over the country, Professor Hardwigg. We are very studious, my dear sir, though we do live in Iceland. Every farmer, every laborer, every fisherman can both read and write-and we think that books instead of being locked up in cupboards, far from the sight of students, should be distributed as widely as possible.

studious - अध्ययनशील, पढ़ाकू, सतर्कतापूर्ण

laborer - मजदूर

fisherman - माहीगीर, मछुआ, धीवर

The books of our library are therefore passed from hand to hand without returning to the library shelves perhaps for years."

"Then when foreigners visit you, there is nothing for them to see?"

foreigners - परदेशी, विदेशी

"Well, sir, foreigners have their own libraries, and our first consideration is, that our humbler classes should be highly educated. Fortunately, the love of study is innate in the Icelandic people.

innate - सहज, जन्मजात, जन्मसिद्ध

In 1816 we founded a Literary Society and Mechanics'Institute; many foreign scholars of eminence are honorary members; we publish books destined to educate our people, and these books have rendered valuable services to our country. Allow me to have the honor, Professor Hardwigg, to enroll you as an honorary member?"

honorary - आनरेरी, अवैतनिक

destined - निर्धारित, नियतवाला

enroll - नाम लिखाना

My uncle, who already belonged to nearly every literary and scientific institution in Europe, immediately yielded to the amiable wishes of good M. Fridriksson.

amiable - स्नेही, मिलनसार, कांत

"And now," he said, after many expressions of gratitude and good will, "if you will tell me what books you expected to find, perhaps I may be of some assistance to you."

gratitude - आभार, कृतज्ञता, शुक्र r=śukr

I watched my uncle keenly. For a minute or two he hesitated, as if unwilling to speak; to speak openly was, perhaps, to unveil his projects. Nevertheless, after some reflection, he made up his mind.

unwilling - अनिच्छुक, अनुत्सुक, असहयोगशील

"Well, M. Fridriksson," he said in an easy, unconcerned kind of way, "I was desirous of ascertaining, if among other valuable works, you had any of the learned Arne Saknussemm."

unconcerned - उदासीनता, निश्चिंतता

desirous - अभिलाषी, इच्छुक, इच्छा करनेवाला

ascertaining - पता लगाना, सुनिश्चित करना

"Arne Saknussemm!" cried the Professor of Reykjavik; "you speak of one of the most distinguished scholars of the sixteenth century, of the great naturalist, the great alchemist, the great traveler."

naturalist - पदार्थविज्ञानी, प्रकृतिविज्ञानी

"Exactly so."

"One of the most distinguished men connected with Icelandic science and literature."

"As you say, sir-"

"A man illustrious above all."

illustrious - प्रसिद्ध, प्रख्यात

"Yes, sir, all this is true, but his works?"

"We have none of them."

"Not in Iceland?"

"There are none in Iceland or elsewhere," answered the other, sadly.

"Why so?"

"Because Arne Saknussemm was persecuted for heresy, and in 1573 his works were publicly burnt at Copenhagen, by the hands of the common hangman."

Persecuted - सताना

heresy - अप्रामाणिकता, अपसिद्धांत

publicly - सार्वजनिक रूप से, खुले आम

hangman - जल्लाद

"Very good! capital!" murmured my uncle, to the great astonishment of the worthy Icelander.

murmured - बड़बड़ाना, सरसराहट, बड़बड़ाहट

astonishment - आश्चर्य, अचरज

Icelander - आइसलैंड वासी

"You said, sir-"

"Yes, yes, all is clear, I see the link in the chain; everything is explained, and I now understand why Arne Saknussemm, put out of court, forced to hide his magnificent discoveries, was compelled to conceal beneath the veil of an incomprehensible cryptograph, the secret-"

veil - घूँघट

"What secret?"

"A secret-which," stammered my uncle.

"Have you discovered some wonderful manuscript?" cried M. Fridriksson.

"No! no, I was carried away by my enthusiasm. A mere supposition."

supposition - मानना, अनुमान, परिकल्पना

"Very good, sir. But, really, to turn to another subject, I hope you will not leave our island without examining into its mineralogical riches."

mineralogical - खनिज विज्ञान संबंधी

"Well, the fact is, I am rather late. So many learned men have been here before me."

"Yes, yes, but there is still much to be done," cried M. Fridriksson.

"You think so," said my uncle, his eyes twinkling with hidden satisfaction.

twinkling - पलक झपकते ही, पल भर में

"Yes, you have no idea how many unknown mountains, glaciers, volcanoes there are which remain to be studied. Without moving from where we sit, I can show you one. Yonder on the edge of the horizon, you see Sneffels."

glaciers - हिमानी, हिमनद्

yonder - परे का, परे, सामने वाला, उस ओर

"Oh yes, Sneffels," said my uncle.

"One of the most curious volcanoes in existence, the crater of which has been rarely visited."

most curious - सबसे जिज्ञासु


"Extinct, any time these five hundred years," was the ready reply.

"Well," said my uncle, who dug his nails into his flesh, and pressed his knees tightly together to prevent himself leaping up with joy. "I have a great mind to begin my studies with an examination of the geological mysteries of this Mount Seffel-Feisel-what do you call it?"

tightly - ठसाठस, कस कर, कस कर

"Sneffels, my dear sir."

This portion of the conversation took place in Latin, and I therefore understood all that had been said. I could scarcely keep my countenance when I found my uncle so cunningly concealing his delight and satisfaction. I must confess that his artful grimaces, put on to conceal his happiness, made him look like a new Mephistopheles.

cunningly - चालाकी से, खूबसूरती से

artful - धूर्ततापूर्ण, धूर्त, चालाक

grimaces - मुख विरूपता, मुख विकृति

"Yes, yes," he continued, "your proposition delights me. I will endeavor to climb to the summit of Sneffels, and, if possible, will descend into its crater."

endeavor - प्रयत्न, कोशिश, प्रयास

"I very much regret," continued M. Fridriksson, "that my occupation will entirely preclude the possibility of my accompanying you. It would have been both pleasurable and profitable if I could have spared the time."

preclude - रोकना, नामुमकिन करना

pleasurable - सुखदायक, सुखद, आनन्ददायक

"No, no, a thousand times no," cried my uncle. "I do not wish to disturb the serenity of any man. I thank you, however, with all my heart. The presence of one so learned as yourself, would no doubt have been most useful, but the duties of your office and profession before everything."

serenity - शांति

In the innocence of his simple heart, our host did not perceive the irony of these remarks.

innocence - निष्कलुष, निर्मलता, निष्कपटता

"I entirely approve your project," continued the Icelander after some further remarks. "It is a good idea to begin by examining this volcano. You will make a harvest of curious observations. In the first place, how do you propose to get to Sneffels?"

"By sea. I shall cross the bay. Of course that is the most rapid route."

"Of course. But still it cannot be done."


"We have not an available boat in all Reykjavik," replied the other.

"What is to be done?"

"You must go by land along the coast. It is longer, but much more interesting."

"Then I must have a guide."

"Of course; and I have your very man."

"Somebody on whom I can depend."

"Yes, an inhabitant of the peninsula on which Sneffels is situated. He is a very shrewd and worthy man, with whom you will be pleased. He speaks Danish like a Dane."

shrewd - समझदार, धूर्त, चतुर

Dane - डेन्मार्क वासी, डेन्मार्क वासी

"When can I see him-today?"

"No, tomorrow; he will not be here before."

"Tomorrow be it," replied my uncle, with a deep sigh.

The conversation ended by compliments on both sides. During the dinner my uncle had learned much as to the history of Arne Saknussemm, the reasons for his mysterious and hieroglyphical document. He also became aware that his host would not accompany him on his adventurous expedition, and that next day we should have a guide.

compliments - प्रशंसा, प्रशंसा करना


Eider - duck of genus 'Somateria'

Hunter - शिकारी, खोजी

That evening I took a brief walk on the shore near Reykjavik, after which I returned to an early sleep on my bed of coarse planks, where I slept the sleep of the just. When I awoke I heard my uncle speaking loudly in the next room. I rose hastily and joined him. He was talking in Danish with a man of tall stature, and of perfectly Herculean build.

planks - मुद्दा, तख्ता, पटकना

hastily - जल्दी से, जल्दी से

stature - महत्ता

This man appeared to be possessed of very great strength. His eyes, which started rather prominently from a very large head, the face belonging to which was simple and naive, appeared very quick and intelligent. Very long hair, which even in England would have been accounted exceedingly red, fell over his athletic shoulders.

prominently - प्रधान रूप से

naive - सरल, अदीक्षित, भोला, अनुभवहीन

exceedingly - अत्यन्त, बहुत सा

athletic - क्रीड़ा संबंधी, मजबूत

This native of Iceland was active and supple in appearance, though he scarcely moved his arms, being in fact one of those men who despise the habit of gesticulation common to southern people.

supple - लचीला, नरम बनाना, कोमल

despise - उपेक्षा करना

gesticulation - इशारा, चेष्टा, भाव प्रदर्शन

Everything in this man's manner revealed a calm and phlegmatic temperament. There was nothing indolent about him, but his appearance spoke of tranquillity. He was one of those who never seemed to expect anything from anybody, who liked to work when he thought proper, and whose philosophy nothing could astonish or trouble.

phlegmatic - निष्क्रिय, शांतचित्त, निरुत्साह

temperament - स्वभाव

indolent - आलसी, गब्बर, अस्कती

tranquillity - शांति, शांतचित्तता, अशोच

astonish - ठगा सा, आश्चर्य होना, चकित करना

I began to comprehend his character, simply from the way in which he listened to the wild and impassioned verbiage of my worthy uncle. While the excellent Professor spoke sentence after sentence, he stood with folded arms, utterly still, motionless to all my uncle's gesticulations.

impassioned - जोशीला, आवेगपूर्ण

verbiage - शब्दाडंबर, शब्द विन्यास

motionless - स्थिर, अचल, गतिहीन, निःस्पंद

gesticulations - इशारा, चेष्टा, भाव प्रदर्शन

When he wanted to say No he moved his head from left to right; when he acquiesced he nodded, so slightly that you could scarcely see the undulation of his head. This economy of motion was carried to the length of avarice.

acquiesced - मान लेना, सहमति देना

undulation - नमनोन्नमनशीलता, तरंग, तरंगण

avarice - लालच, लोभ, धनलोलुपता

Judging from his appearance I should have been a long time before I had suspected him to be what he was, a mighty hunter. Certainly his manner was not likely to frighten the game. How, then, did he contrive to get at his prey?

contrive - बनाना, कोशिश करना, उपाय निकालना

My surprise was slightly modified when I knew that this tranquil and solemn personage was only a hunter of the eider duck, the down of which is, after all, the greatest source of the Icelanders'wealth.

tranquil - शांत, प्रशान्त, प्रशांत, असंभ्रम

solemn - शान्त, पवित्र, समारोही, गंभीर

personage - व्यक्ति, मान्य व्यक्ति

Duck - डुबकी

In the early days of summer, the female of the eider, a pretty sort of duck, builds its nest amid the rocks of the fjords-the name given to all narrow gulfs in Scandinavian countries-with which every part of the island is indented. No sooner has the eider duck made her nest than she lines the inside of it with the softest down from her breast.

gulfs - गहरी दरार, गहरा गर्त

indented - सामान का ऑर्डर, गड्ढा करना

Then comes the hunter or trader, taking away the nest, the poor bereaved female begins her task over again, and this continues as long as any eider down is to be found.

bereaved - शोकसंतप्त होना

When she can find no more the male bird sets to work to see what he can do. As, however, his down is not so soft, and has therefore no commercial value, the hunter does not take the trouble to rob him of his nest lining. The nest is accordingly finished, the eggs are laid, the little ones are born, and next year the harvest of eider down is again collected.

male bird - पुरुष पक्षी

commercial value - वाणिज्यिक मूल्य

Now, as the eider duck never selects steep rocks or aspects to build its nest, but rather sloping and low cliffs near to the sea, the Icelandic hunter can carry on his trade operations without much difficulty. He is like a farmer who has neither to plow, to sow, nor to harrow, only to collect his harvest.

plow - खेत जोतना, हल

sow - बोना, छितराना

Harrow - हेंगा फेरना, हेंगा

This grave, sententious, silent person, as phlegmatic as an Englishman on the French stage, was named Hans Bjelke. He had called upon us in consequence of the recommendation of M. Fridriksson. He was, in fact, our future guide. It struck me that had I sought the world over, I could not have found a greater contradiction to my impulsive uncle.

Englishman - अंग्रेज़

impulsive - मौजी, आवेगी, आवेगशील, अप्रेरित

They, however, readily understood one another. Neither of them had any thought about money; one was ready to take all that was offered him, the other ready to offer anything that was asked. It may readily be conceived, then, that an understanding was soon come to between them.

Now, the understanding was, that he was to take us to the village of Stapi, situated on the southern slope of the peninsula of Sneffels, at the very foot of the volcano. Hans, the guide, told us the distance was about twenty-two miles, a journey which my uncle supposed would take about two days.

But when my uncle came to understand that they were Danish miles, of eight thousand yards each, he was obliged to be more moderate in his ideas, and, considering the horrible roads we had to follow, to allow eight or ten days for the journey.

Four horses were prepared for us, two to carry the baggage, and two to bear the important weight of myself and uncle. Hans declared that nothing ever would make him climb on the back of any animal. He knew every inch of that part of the coast, and promised to take us the very shortest way.

His engagement with my uncle was by no means to cease with our arrival at Stapi; he was further to remain in his service during the whole time required for the completion of his scientific investigations, at the fixed salary of three rix-dollars a week, being exactly fourteen shillings and twopence, minus one farthing, English currency.

shillings - ब्रिटिष का सिक्का, शिलिंग

Twopence - रत्ती भर, दो पेंस

minus - के बिना, कमी, घटाव, ऋण, न्यूनतम

farthing - दमड़ी

One stipulation, however, was made by the guide-the money was to be paid to him every Saturday night, failing which, his engagement was at an end.

stipulation - करार, शर्त, पूर्वापेक्षा, अनुबंध

The day of our departure was fixed. My uncle wished to hand the eider-down hunter an advance, but he refused in one emphatic word-

refused - अग्राह्य करना, अस्वीकार करना

emphatic - सुस्पष्ट, सुनिश्चित, ज़ोरदार


Which being translated from Icelandic into plain English means-"After."

The treaty concluded, our worthy guide retired without another word.

"A splendid fellow," said my uncle; "only he little suspects the marvelous part he is about to play in the history of the world."

marvelous - चत्मकारी

"You mean, then," I cried in amazement, "that he should accompany us?"

"To the interior of the earth, yes," replied my uncle. "Why not?"

There were yet forty-eight hours to elapse before we made our final start. To my great regret, our whole time was taken up in making preparations for our journey. All our industry and ability were devoted to packing every object in the most advantageous manner-the instruments on one side, the arms on the other, the tools here and the provisions there. There were, in fact, four distinct groups.

most advantageous - सबसे लाभदायक

The instruments were of course of the best manufacture:

1. A centigrade thermometer of Eigel, counting up to 150 degrees, which to me did not appear half enough-or too much. Too hot by half, if the degree of heat was to ascend so high-in which case we should certainly be cooked-not enough, if we wanted to ascertain the exact temperature of springs or metal in a state of fusion.

centigrade - सेंटिग्रेड

thermometer - तापमापी, थर्मामीटर

counting up - गणना ऊपर

ascertain - पता लगाना, सुनिश्चित करना

2. A manometer worked by compressed air, an instrument used to ascertain the upper atmospheric pressure on the level of the ocean. Perhaps a common barometer would not have done as well, the atmospheric pressure being likely to increase in proportion as we descended below the surface of the earth.

manometer - instrument to measure pressure

compressed - दबाना, पट्टी, संक्षिप्त करना

atmospheric pressure - वायु दबाव

barometer - बैरोमीटर

3. A first-class chronometer made by Boissonnas, of Geneva, set at the meridian of Hamburg, from which Germans calculate, as the English do from Greenwich, and the French from Paris.

chronometer - device for measuring time

Geneva - जेनीवा

meridian - दोपहर

Greenwich - east London town

4. Two compasses, one for horizontal guidance, the other to ascertain the dip.

compasses - परकार, सीमा

horizontal - क्षैतिज

5. A night glass.

6. Two Ruhmkorff coils, which, by means of a current of electricity, would ensure us a very excellent, easily carried, and certain means of obtaining light.

Coils - मोड़ना, लपेटना, काँयल

7. A voltaic battery on the newest principle.[1]

voltaic - वैद्युत

[1] Thermometer (thermos, and metron, measure); an instrument for measuring the temperature of the air.-Manometer (manos,and metron, measure); an instrument to show the density or rarity of gases.-Chronometer (chronos. time, and metros, measure) a time measurer, or superior watch-Ruhmkorff's coil, an instrument for producing currents of induced electricity of great intensity.

thermos - थर्मस

rarity - अप्राप्यता, दुर्लभ वस्तु

chronos - समय के देवता

metros - भूमिगत रेल, महानगरीय

measurer - मापक

coil - लपेटना

It consists of a coil of copper wire, insulated by being covered with silk, surrounded by another coil of fine wire, also insulated, in which a momentary current is induced when a current is passed through the inner coil from a voltaic battery. When the apparatus is in action, the gas becomes luminous, and produces a white and continued light.

copper wire - तांबे की तार

insulated - बचाना, आवरण चढाना, , रोधन करना

momentary - क्षणिक

The battery and wire are carried in a leather bag, which the traveler fastens by a strap to his shoulders. The lantern is in front, and enables the benighted wanderer to see in the most profound obscurity. He may venture without fear of explosion into the midst of the most inflammable gases, and the lantern will burn beneath the deepest waters. H. D.

strap - पट्टी, पट्टा

lantern - लालटेन, फ़ानूस, फानूस

wanderer - रमता जोगी, रमता जोगी, घुमक्कड़

obscurity - अंधकार, कठिनाई, अस्पष्टता

most inflammable - सबसे आगन्तुक

Ruhmkorff, an able and learned chemist, discovered the induction coil. In 1864 he won the quinquennial French prize of Ł2,000 for this ingenious application of electricity-A voltaic battery, so called from Volta, its designer, is an apparatus consisting of a series of metal plates arranged in pairs and subjected to the action of saline solutions for producing currents of electricity.

chemist - कीमियागर

induction coil - इंडक्शन कोयल

quinquennial - related to a 5 year period

saline - लवणयुक्त घोल, लवणीय, खारा

Our arms consisted of two rifles, with two revolving six-shooters. Why these arms were provided it was impossible for me to say. I had every reason to believe that we had neither wild beasts nor savage natives to fear.

revolving - घूमने वाला, परिक्रमी

shooters - हारा हुआ जुआरी

savage - असभ्य, दुष्ट, तीव्र, काटना

My uncle, on the other hand, was quite as devoted to his arsenal as to his collection of instruments, and above all was very careful with his provision of fulminating or gun cotton, warranted to keep in any climate, and of which the expansive force was known to be greater than that of ordinary gunpowder.

arsenal - शस्त्रागार, सिलाहखाना

fulminating - भर्त्सना

gun cotton - गन कॉटन

expansive - विस्तृत, व्यापक, उन्मुक्त

gunpowder - बारूद, बारुद

Our tools consisted of two pickaxes, two crowbars, a silken ladder, three iron-shod Alpine poles, a hatchet, a hammer, a dozen wedges, some pointed pieces of iron, and a quantity of strong rope. You may conceive that the whole made a tolerable parcel, especially when I mention that the ladder itself was three hundred feet long!

silken - रेशमी, रेशम सा नरम

Alpine - उच्च पर्वत शिखरीय वृक्ष

hatchet - परशु, तवर

hammer - हथौड़ा, (ham)

wedges - फानाकार, घुसा देना, खूँटा, वैज

tolerable - सहनीय, कामचलाऊ, औसत दर्जे का

parcel - पार्सल

Then there came the important question of provisions. The hamper was not very large but tolerably satisfactory, for I knew that in concentrated essence of meat and biscuit there was enough to last six months. The only liquid provided by my uncle was Schiedam. Of water, not a drop.

hamper - रुकावट पैदा करना

tolerably - ठीक ठाक, कामचलाऊ ढंग से

satisfactory - संतोषप्रद, सन्तोषजनक, संतोषजनक

Schiedam - स्कीडम

We had, however, an ample supply of gourds, and my uncle counted on finding water, and enough to fill them, as soon as we commenced our downward journey. My remarks as to the temperature, the quality, and even as to the possibility of none being found, remained wholly without effect.

ample - प्रचुर, पर्याप्त

downward - नीचे की ओर, नीचे की ओर का

To make up the exact list of our traveling gear-for the guidance of future travelers-add, that we carried a medicine and surgical chest with all apparatus necessary for wounds, fractures and blows; lint, scissors, lancets-in fact, a perfect collection of horrible looking instruments; a number of vials containing ammonia, alcohol, ether, Goulard water, aromatic vinegar, in fact, every possible and impossible drug-finally, all the materials for working the Ruhmkorff coil!

travelers - पर्यटक, यात्री

fractures - टूट जाना, दरार, तोड़ लेना[देना]

lint - लिनन की पट्टी

scissors - तकनीक, कैँची

lancets - नश्तर

vials - शीशी

ammonia - रंग रहित तीव्र गंध वाली गैस

ether - रंग रहित द्रव

aromatic vinegar - मसालेदार सिरका

My uncle had also been careful to lay in a goodly supply of tobacco, several flasks of very fine gunpowder, boxes of tinder, besides a large belt crammed full of notes and gold. Good boots rendered watertight were to be found to the number of six in the tool box.

goodly - आकर्षक, बड़ा, बढ़िया

flasks - पतले मुंह की बोतल

tinder - जलावन का सामानअ

crammed - रटना, ठूँसना, ठसाठस भरना

watertight - ठोस, अकाट्य, जल रोकनेवाला

tool box - उपकरण बॉक्स

"My boy, with such clothing, with such boots, and such general equipment," said my uncle, in a state of rapturous delight, "we may hope to travel far."

rapturous - हर्षोन्मत्त, अत्यन्त आह्लादजनक

It took a whole day to put all these matters in order. In the evening we dined with Baron Trampe, in company with the Mayor of Reykjavik, and Doctor Hyaltalin, the great medical man of Iceland. M. Fridriksson was not present, and I was afterwards sorry to hear that he and the governor did not agree on some matters connected with the administration of the island.

dined - भोजन करना, भोजन करना

Unfortunately, the consequence was, that I did not understand a word that was said at dinner-a kind of semiofficial reception. One thing I can say, my uncle never left off speaking.

The next day our labor came to an end. Our worthy host delighted my uncle, Professor Hardwigg, by giving him a good map of Iceland, a most important and precious document for a mineralogist.

labor - श्रम, परिश्रम

mineralogist - खनिज विज्ञानी

Our last evening was spent in a long conversation with M. Fridriksson, whom I liked very much-the more that I never expected to see him or anyone else again. After this agreeable way of spending an hour or so, I tried to sleep. In vain; with the exception of a few dozes, my night was miserable.

dozes - झपकी, झपकी लेना

At five o'clock in the morning I was awakened from the only real half hour's sleep of the night by the loud neighing of horses under my window. I hastily dressed myself and went down into the street. Hans was engaged in putting the finishing stroke to our baggage, which he did in a silent, quiet way that won my admiration, and yet he did it admirably well.

awakened - उठाना, जगाना, जागना

neighing - हिनहिनाना, हिनहिनाहट

admiration - तारीफ़, सफत, उपमा

admirably - उत्तम रीति से, प्रशंसनीय ढंग से

My uncle wasted a great deal of breath in giving him directions, but worthy Hans took not the slightest notice of his words.

At six o'clock all our preparations were completed, and M. Fridriksson shook hands heartily with us. My uncle thanked him warmly, in the Icelandic language, for his kind hospitality, speaking truly from the heart.

heartily - पूरी तरह से, बहुत अधिक

As for myself I put together a few of my best Latin phrases and paid him the highest compliments I could. This fraternal and friendly duty performed, we sallied forth and mounted our horses.

fraternal - भ्रातृ सुलभ, भ्रातृ

As soon as we were quite ready, M. Fridriksson advanced, and by way of farewell, called after me in the words of Virgil-words which appeared to have been made for us, travelers starting for an uncertain destination:

Farewell - बिदाई, विदाई, बिदा का प्रणाम

uncertain - अविश्वसनीय, अनिश्चित, अस्थिर

"Et quacunque viam dederit fortuna sequamur."

fortuna - फोर्चुना

("And whichsoever way thou goest, may fortune follow!")

thou - तू


The weather was overcast but settled, when we commenced our adventurous and perilous journey. We had neither to fear fatiguing heat nor drenching rain. It was, in fact, real tourist weather.

overcast - आच्छादित

perilous - खतरनाक, संकटपूर्ण

fatiguing - थकाना, थकान, थकावट, थकन

drenching - भिगोना, भिगोना/गीला करना, भिगाना

As there was nothing I liked better than horse exercise, the pleasure of riding through an unknown country caused the early part of our enterprise to be particularly agreeable to me.

I began to enjoy the exhilarating delight of traveling, a life of desire, gratification and liberty. The truth is, that my spirits rose so rapidly, that I began to be indifferent to what had once appeared to be a terrible journey.

exhilarating - आनन्दित करना, आनन्दित करना

gratification - खुशी, आनन्द, संतोष, संतुष्टि

indifferent - घटिया, तुच्छ, साधारण, उदासीन

"After all," I said to myself, "what do I risk? Simply to take a journey through a curious country, to climb a remarkable mountain, and if the worst comes to the worst, to descend into the crater of an extinct volcano."

There could be no doubt that this was all this terrible Saknussemm had done. As to the existence of a gallery, or of subterraneous passages leading into the interior of the earth, the idea was simply absurd, the hallucination of a distempered imagination. All, then, that may be required of me I will do cheerfully, and will create no difficulty.

subterraneous - गुप्त, भूमिगत, अप्रत्यक्ष

cheerfully - खुशी खुशी

It was just before we left Reykjavik that I came to this decision.

Hans, our extraordinary guide, went first, walking with a steady, rapid, unvarying step. Our two horses with the luggage followed of their own accord, without requiring whip or spur. My uncle and I came behind, cutting a very tolerable figure upon our small but vigorous animals.

unvarying - एक सा, अपरिवर्तनशील, अपरिवर्ती

accord - समझौता

spur - महमेज

vigorous - सशक्त, प्रबल, ओजपूर्ण, ओजस्वी

Iceland is one of the largest islands in Europe. It contains thirty thousand square miles of surface, and has about seventy thousand inhabitants. Geographers have divided it into four parts, and we had to cross the southwest quarter which in the vernacular is called Sudvestr Fjordungr.

Geographers - भूगोलवेत्ता

southwest - नैऋत्य

vernacular - बोल चाल का, विशिष्ट शब्दावली

Hans, on taking his departure from Reykjavik, had followed the line of the sea. We took our way through poor and sparse meadows, which made a desperate effort every year to show a little green. They very rarely succeed in a good show of yellow.

sparse - विरल, अपर्याप्त, छिटपुट

meadows - चारागाह, घास का मैदान

The rugged summits of the rocky hills were dimly visible on the edge of the horizon, through the misty fogs; every now and then some heavy flakes of snow showed conspicuous in the morning light, while certain lofty and pointed rocks were first lost in the grey low clouds, their summits clearly visible above, like jagged reefs rising from a troublous sea.

rugged - अपरिष्कृत

Rocky - पथरीला, दोलायमान, चट्टानी

dimly - अस्पष्टतः, संदिग्धतः

misty - कोहरे से आच्छादित

fogs - भ्रम पैदा होना

flakes - पागल, पपड़ी

conspicuous - उत्कृष्ट, विशिष्ट, प्रत्यक्ष

jagged - नुकीली धार वाला, (jag) नुकीली धार वाला

reefs - पाल समेटना

troublous - अवघड़ा

Every now and then a spur of rock came down through the arid ground, leaving us scarcely room to pass. Our horses, however, appeared not only well acquainted with the country, but by a kind of instinct, knew which was the best road. My uncle had not even the satisfaction of urging forward his steed by whip, spur, or voice. It was utterly useless to show any signs of impatience.

arid - नीरस, शुष्क, निर्जल

acquainted - परिचित करना, अवगत कराना

steed - घोड़ा, अच्छी जाति का घोड़ा

I could not help smiling to see him look so big on his little horse; his long legs now and then touching the ground made him look like a six-footed centaur.

centaur - सेंटूर

"Good beast, good beast," he would cry. "I assure you, that I begin to think no animal is more intelligent than an Icelandic horse. Snow, tempest, impracticable roads, rocks, icebergs-nothing stops him. He is brave; he is sober; he is safe; he never makes a false step; never glides or slips from his path.

tempest - आँधी, तूफ़ान

impracticable - अव्यवहारिक, अव्यावहारिक

icebergs - हिमखंड, बहता हुआ हिमखण्ड़, हिमशैल

glides - उतरना, निकल जाना

I dare to say that if any river, any fjord has to be crossed-and I have no doubt there will be many-you will see him enter the water without hesitation like an amphibious animal, and reach the opposite side in safety. We must not, however, attempt to hurry him; we must allow him to have his own way, and I will undertake to say that between us we shall do our ten leagues a day."

fjord - फ़्योर्ड

hesitation - हिचक, हिचकिचाहट, हिचकीचाहट

amphibious - जल तथा स्थल पर चलने योग्य

"We may do so," was my reply, "but what about our worthy guide?"

"I have not the slightest anxiety about him: that sort of people go ahead without knowing even what they are about. Look at Hans. He moves so little that it is impossible for him to become fatigued. Besides, if he were to complain of weariness, he could have the loan of my horse. I should have a violent attack of the cramp if I were not to have some sort of exercise.

fatigued - थकाना, थकान, थकावट, थकन

weariness - थकान, थकावट

My arms are right-but my legs are getting a little stiff."

All this while we were advancing at a rapid pace. The country we had reached was already nearly a desert. Here and there could be seen an isolated farm, some solitary bur, or Icelandic house, built of wood, earth, fragments of lava-looking like beggars on the highway of life. These wretched and miserable huts excited in us such pity that we felt half disposed to leave alms at every door.

bur - कँटीला बीजकोष, कँटीला बीजकोष

beggars - व्यक्ति, याचक, भिखारी

alms - दान, ख़ैरात, भिक्षा, भीख

In this country there are no roads, paths are nearly unknown, and vegetation, poor as it was, slowly as it reached perfection, soon obliterated all traces of the few travelers who passed from place to place.

perfection - कमाल

obliterated - मिटा देना, मिटाना

Nevertheless, this division of the province, situated only a few miles from the capital, is considered one of the best cultivated and most thickly peopled in all Iceland. What, then, must be the state of the less known and more distant parts of the island?

thickly - लगातार, सघनतापूर्वक

After traveling fully half a Danish mile, we had met neither a farmer at the door of his hut, nor even a wandering shepherd with his wild and savage flock.

shepherd - गड़ेरिया, चूपान

flock - जानवरों का समूह

A few stray cows and sheep were only seen occasionally. What, then, must we expect when we come to the upheaved regions-to the districts broken and roughened from volcanic eruptions and subterraneous commotions?

stray - भ्रमण करना, विषय से हट जाना

upheaved - ज़ोर लगा कर उठाअना

roughened - कर्कश होना, कर्कश करना

commotions - हो हल्ला, हंगामा, हलचल, खलबल

We were to learn this all in good time. I saw, however, on consulting the map, that we avoided a good deal of this rough country, by following the winding and desolate shores of the sea.

desolate - सुनसान, निर्जन, वीरान

In reality, the great volcanic movement of the island, and all its attendant phenomena, are concentrated in the interior of the island; there, horizontal layers or strata of rocks, piled one upon the other, eruptions of basaltic origin, and streams of lava, have given this country a kind of supernatural reputation.

attendant - संलग्न, जुड़ा हुआ, सहवर्ती घटना

layers - परत, अण्डा देने वाली मुर्गी

strata - तह/परतें, (stratum)

basaltic - relating to basalt

supernatural - अतिप्राकृतिक, अलौकिक शक्ति

Little did I expect, however, the spectacle which awaited us when we reached the peninsula of Sneffels, where agglomerations of nature's ruins form a kind of terrible chaos.

agglomerations - ढेर, समूह {ढेर}

Some two hours or more after we had left the city of Reykjavik, we reached the little town called Aoalkirkja, or the principal church. It consists simply of a few houses-not what in England or Germany we should call a hamlet.

Hans stopped here one half hour. He shared our frugal breakfast, answered Yes, and No to my uncle's questions as to the nature of the road, and at last when asked where we were to pass the night was as laconic as usual.

frugal - मितव्ययी, मिताहारी, अल्पव्ययी

laconic - संक्षिप्त, रूखा, मितभाषी

"Gardar!" was his one-worded reply.

I took occasion to consult the map, to see where Gardar was to be found. After looking keenly I found a small town of that name on the borders of the Hvalfjord, about four miles from Reykjavik. I pointed this out to my uncle, who made a very energetic grimace.

energetic - बल, चुस्त, ओजस्वी, कर्मठ, तेजस

grimace - मुख विरूपता, मुख विकृति

"Only four miles out of twenty-two? Why it is only a little walk."

He was about to make some energetic observation to the guide, but Hans, without taking the slightest notice of him, went in front of the horses, and walked ahead with the same imperturbable phlegm he had always exhibited.

imperturbable - अविचलित

phlegm - बलग़म, बलगम, कफ, श्लेष्मा

Three hours later, still traveling over those apparently interminable and sandy prairies, we were compelled to go round the Kollafjord, an easier and shorter cut than crossing the gulfs.

interminable - अनंतकालीन, अनन्त

Sandy - रेतीला, रेत के रंग का

prairies - प्रेयरी

Shortly after we entered a place of communal jurisdiction called Ejulberg, and the clock of which would then have struck twelve, if any Icelandic church had been rich enough to possess so valuable and useful an article. These sacred edifices are, however, very much like these people, who do without watches-and never miss them.

communal - सामुदायिक, सांप्रदायिक

edifices - भवन

Here the horses were allowed to take some rest and refreshment, then following a narrow strip of shore between high rocks and the sea, they took us without further halt to the Aoalkirkja of Brantar, and after another mile to Saurboer Annexia, a chapel of ease, situated on the southern bank of the Hvalfjord.

chapel - चैपल, नमाज़गाह slam

It was four o'clock in the evening and we had traveled four Danish miles, about equal to twenty English.

The fjord was in this place about half a mile in width. The sweeping and broken waves came rolling in upon the pointed rocks; the gulf was surrounded by rocky walls-a mighty cliff, three thousand feet in height, remarkable for its brown strata, separated here and there by beds of tufa of a reddish hue.

tufa - calcareous deposit of lime found near hot springs

reddish - रक्तिम, कुछ रक्त वर्ण

hue - विविध रंग

Now, whatever may have been the intelligence of our horses, I had not the slightest reliance upon them, as a means of crossing a stormy arm of the sea. To ride over salt water upon the back of a little horse seemed to me absurd.

reliance - आसरा

stormy - प्रचण्ड, तूफ़ानी

"If they are really intelligent," I said to myself, "they will certainly not make the attempt. In any case, I shall trust rather to my own intelligence than theirs."

But my uncle was in no humor to wait. He dug his heels into the sides of his steed, and made for the shore. His horse went to the very edge of the water, sniffed at the approaching wave and retreated.

sniffed - नाक सुड़कना, भनक, गंध, सिसकी

My uncle, who was, sooth to say, quite as obstinate as the beast he bestrode, insisted on his making the desired advance. This attempt was followed by a new refusal on the part of the horse which quietly shook his head.

sooth - वास्तविकता

This demonstration of rebellion was followed by a volley of words and a stout application of whipcord; also followed by kicks on the part of the horse, which threw its head and heels upwards and tried to throw his rider.

volley - वली मारना, बौछार करना

stout - हट्टा-कट्टा

whipcord - व्हिपकार्ड, चाबुक की डोरी

rider - संशोधन, घुड़सवार, सवार

At length the sturdy little pony, spreading out his legs, in a stiff and ludicrous attitude, got from under the Professor's legs, and left him standing, with both feet on a separate stone, like the Colossus of Rhodes.

sturdy - अच्छा, हट्टा कट्टा, मजबूत

pony - टट्टू, याबू

ludicrous - बेतुका, हास्यास्पद, उपहासपूर्ण

colossus - बहुत बड़ा व्यक्ति[वस्तु]

"Wretched animal!" cried my uncle, suddenly transformed into a foot passenger-and as angry and ashamed as a dismounted cavalry officer on the field of battle.

dismounted - उतरना

cavalry - घुड़सवार सेना, घुड़सवार फ़ौज

"Farja," said the guide, tapping him familiarly on the shoulder.

familiarly - in a familiar manner

"What, a ferry boat!"

ferry - फ़ेरी, यात्री-नौका, जलयान

"Der," answered Hans, pointing to where lay the boat in question-"there."

"Well," I cried, quite delighted with the information; "so it is."

"Why did you not say so before," cried my uncle; "why not start at once?"

"Tidvatten," said the guide.

"What does he say?" I asked, considerably puzzled by the delay and the dialogue.

"He says tide," replied my uncle, translating the Danish word for my information.

"Of course I understand-we must wait till the tide serves."

"For bida?" asked my uncle.

bida - बिदा

"Ja," replied Hans.

My uncle frowned, stamped his feet and then followed the horses to where the boat lay.

I thoroughly understood and appreciated the necessity for waiting, before crossing the fjord, for that moment when the sea at its highest point is in a state of slack water. As neither the ebb nor flow can then be felt, the ferry boat was in no danger of being carried out to sea, or dashed upon the rocky coast.

Slack - ढीला

Ebb - उतरना, कम होना, भाटा

dashed - मिश्रण, टक्कर, टकराना, झलक

The favorable moment did not come until six o'clock in the evening. Then my uncle, myself, and guide, two boatmen and the four horses got into a very awkward flat-bottom boat. Accustomed as I had been to the steam ferry boats of the Elbe, I found the long oars of the boatmen but sorry means of locomotion.

favorable - हितकारी

boatmen - नाविक, नाव चलाने वाला

accustomed - आदी बना करना, साधना

oars - पतवार, चप्पू, चड़ापू

locomotion - गति, गतिशीलता

We were more than an hour in crossing the fjord; but at length the passage was concluded without accident.

Half an hour later we reached Gardar.


It ought, one would have thought, to have been night, even in the sixty-fifth parallel of latitude; but still the nocturnal illumination did not surprise me. For in Iceland, during the months of June and July, the sun never sets.

nocturnal - रात्रिकालीन, रात का, निशाचर

illumination - सजावट, उद्बोधन, जगमगाहट, रोशनी

The temperature, however, was very much lower than I expected. I was cold, but even that did not affect me so much as ravenous hunger. Welcome indeed, therefore, was the hut which hospitably opened its doors to us.

ravenous - क्षुधातुर, भुक्खड़, भूखा

hospitably - आतिथेय के साथ, आतिथेय के साथ

It was merely the house of a peasant, but in the matter of hospitality, it was worthy of being the palace of a king. As we alighted at the door the master of the house came forward, held out his hand, and without any further ceremony, signaled to us to follow him.

alighted - उतरना, जलता हुआ, प्रज्ज्वलित

We followed him, for to accompany him was impossible. A long, narrow, gloomy passage led into the interior of this habitation, made from beams roughly squared by the ax. This passage gave ingress to every room.

habitation - वास, निवास स्थान

ax - कटौती करना, कटौती करना

ingress - act of entering

The chambers were four in number-the kitchen, the workshop, where the weaving was carried on, the general sleeping chamber of the family, and the best room, to which strangers were especially invited. My uncle, whose lofty stature had not been taken into consideration when the house was built, contrived to knock his head against the beams of the roof.

strangers - परदेशी, अपरिचित, परदेसी, अजनबी

We were introduced into our chamber, a kind of large room with a hard earthen floor, and lighted by a window, the panes of which were made of a sort of parchment from the intestines of sheep-very far from transparent.

panes - फलक, खिड़की का शीशा

intestines - आँत, अँतड़ी

The bedding was composed of dry hay thrown into two long red wooden boxes, ornamented with sentences painted in Icelandic. I really had no idea that we should be made so comfortable. There was one objection to the house, and that was, the very powerful odor of dried fish, of macerated meat, and of sour milk, which three fragrances combined did not at all suit my olfactory nerves.

ornamented - सजावट, जेवर, अलंकृत करना, आभूषण

odor - गंध

sour - खट्टा

fragrances - सुगंध, इत्र, सुगन्ध/खुशबू, सुवास

olfactory - घ्राणेंद्रिय विषयक

As soon as we had freed ourselves from our heavy traveling costume, the voice of our host was heard calling to us to come into the kitchen, the only room in which the Icelanders ever make any fire, no matter how cold it may be.

My uncle, nothing loath, hastened to obey this hospitable and friendly invitation. I followed.

loath - अनिच्छुक

hastened - जल्दी करना, जल्दी कहना

hospitable - वृद्धिकर, सत्कार करने वाला

The kitchen chimney was made on an antique model. A large stone standing in the middle of the room was the fireplace; above, in the roof, was a hole for the smoke to pass through. This apartment was kitchen, parlor and dining room all in one.

chimney - चिमनी, धुआँकश

antique - प्राचीन, पुरानी चीजे

fireplace - चिमनी

parlor - बैठक, स्वागत कक्ष

dining - भोजन करना, भोजन करना

On our entrance, our worthy host, as if he had not seen us before, advanced ceremoniously, uttered a word which means "be happy," and then kissed both of us on the cheek.

ceremoniously - औपचारिक ढंग से, औपचारिक ढंग से

His wife followed, pronounced the same word, with the same ceremonial, then the husband and wife, placing their right hands upon their hearts, bowed profoundly.

ceremonial - औपचारिक, रीति संबंधी, आनुष्ठानिक

This excellent Icelandic woman was the mother of nineteen children, who, little and big, rolled, crawled, and walked about in the midst of volumes of smoke arising from the angular fireplace in the middle of the room. Every now and then I could see a fresh white head, and a slightly melancholy expression of countenance, peering at me through the vapor.

angular - भद्दा, नुकीला, कड़क और असभ्य

melancholy - निराशाजनक, उदासी की अवस्था

vapor - वाष्प, भाप, उनाह

Both my uncle and myself, however, were very friendly with the whole party, and before we were aware of it, there were three or four of these little ones on our shoulders, as many on our boxes, and the rest hanging about our legs. Those who could speak kept crying out saellvertu in every possible and impossible key. Those who did not speak only made all the more noise.

hanging about - आसपास घूमना

This concert was interrupted by the announcement of supper. At this moment our worthy guide, the eider-duck hunter, came in after seeing to the feeding and stabling of the horses-which consisted in letting them loose to browse on the stunted green of the Icelandic prairies.

feeding - खाना खिलाना, (feed) खाना खिलाना

browse - चरना, यों ही देखना

stunted - तमाशा, बढ़ने न देना

There was little for them to eat, but moss and some very dry and innutritious grass; next day they were ready before the door, some time before we were.

moss - काई

"Welcome," said Hans.

Then tranquilly, with the air of an automaton, without any more expression in one kiss than another, he embraced the host and hostess and their nineteen children.

tranquilly - शांतिपूर्वक, शांत भाव से

automaton - यंत्र मानव, मशीनी मानव

hostess - परिचारिका, अतिथि सत्कारिणी

This ceremony concluded to the satisfaction of all parties, we all sat down to table, that is twenty-four of us, somewhat crowded. Those who were best off had only two juveniles on their knees.

juveniles - बचकाना, किशोर, तरुण संबंधी

As soon, however, as the inevitable soup was placed on the table, the natural taciturnity, common even to Icelandic babies, prevailed over all else. Our host filled our plates with a portion of lichen soup of Iceland moss, of by no means disagreeable flavor, an enormous lump of fish floating in sour butter.

taciturnity - चुप्पी, अल्पभाषिता

lichen - लाइकेन, शैवाल, काई, शैक

disagreeable - अप्रिय, झगड़ालू

flavor - स्वाद, सुवास

lump - ढेला, ढेर, मूर्ख, गोला, सूजन

After that there came some skyr, a kind of curds and whey, served with biscuits and juniper-berry juice. To drink, we had blanda, skimmed milk with water. I was hungry, so hungry, that by way of dessert I finished up with a basin of thick oaten porridge.

skyr - yogurt-like product

curds - दही, दधि

whey - लस्सी, मट्ठा, छाँछ

juniper - हाउबेर, हाऊबेर, हौबेर, हपुषा

berry - झड़बेरी

skimmed milk - स्किम्ड मिल्क

basin - नदी की घाटी, चिलमची

oaten - ओटेन

porridge - दलिया, दलिया/रबडी

As soon as the meal was over, the children disappeared, whilst the grown people sat around the fireplace, on which was placed turf, heather, cow dung and dried fish-bones. As soon as everybody was sufficiently warm, a general dispersion took place, all retiring to their respective couches.

heather - फूलों वाली झाड़ी, झाड़ी

cow dung - गोभी का दूध

dispersion - फैलाव, छितराव

couches - छिपा रहना, चित लेटना

Our hostess offered to pull off our stockings and trousers, according to the custom of the country, but as we graciously declined to be so honored, she left us to our bed of dry fodder.

stockings - लंबा मोजा, संग्रहण, मोजा

fodder - चारा, समाचार, पशुओं का चारा

Next day, at five in the morning, we took our leave of these hospitable peasants. My uncle had great difficulty in making them accept a sufficient and proper remuneration.

remuneration - तनख़्वाह, वेतन, मासिक वेतन

Hans then gave the signal to start.

We had scarcely got a hundred yards from Gardar, when the character of the country changed. The soil began to be marshy and boggy, and less favorable to progress. To the right, the range of mountains was prolonged indefinitely like a great system of natural fortifications, of which we skirted the glacis.

boggy - दलदली

prolonged - लम्बा या दीर्घ करना, बढा देना

indefinitely - अनिश्चित काल तक

fortifications - किलेबंधी, किलेबन्दी, सुदृढ़ीकरण

glacis - gentle incline

We met with numerous streams and rivulets which it was necessary to ford, and that without wetting our baggage. As we advanced, the deserted appearance increased, and yet now and then we could see human shadows flitting in the distance.

rivulets - नदिका, छोटी नदी, धार

ford - फ़ोर्ड

flitting - फ्लिटिंग, (flit) फ्लिटिंग

When a sudden turn of the track brought us within easy reach of one of these specters, I felt a sudden impulse of disgust at the sight of a swollen head, with shining skin, utterly without hair, and whose repulsive and revolting wounds could be seen through his rags.

easy reach - आसान पहुँच

specters - भूत, छाया, साया

impulse - आवेग

swollen - सुन्दर, बढ़ाना, मोड़ना, उठाना

repulsive - विकर्षण, घिनौना, डरावना

revolting - विद्रोह करना, विरोध, विद्रोह

rags - छेड़ छाड़ करना, घटिया समाचारपत्र

The unhappy wretches never came forward to beg; on the contrary, they ran away; not so quick, however, but that Hans was able to salute them with the universal saellvertu.

wretches - बेचारा, अभागा व्यक्ति

salute - वन्द्

"Spetelsk," said he.

"A leper," explained my uncle.

leper - परित्यक्त, कोढ़ी, चरकी

The very sound of such a word caused a feeling of repulsion. The horrible affliction known as leprosy, which has almost vanished before the effects of modern science, is common in Iceland. It is not contagious but hereditary, so that marriage is strictly prohibited to these unfortunate creatures.

repulsion - विरोध, नफ़रत, जुगुप्सा, घृणाआ

affliction - पीड़ा, रोग, मुसीबत, दुःख, असुख

leprosy - कुष्ठ, कोढ़, कुष्ठरोग

contagious - संसर्गज, संक्रामक, मिलाव्त

hereditary - पैतृक, वंशानुगत, अनुवांशिक

These poor lepers did not tend to enliven our journey, the scene of which was inexpressibly sad and lonely. The very last tufts of grassy vegetation appeared to die at our feet. Not a tree was to be seen, except a few stunted willows about as big as blackberry bushes. Now and then we watched a falcon soaring in the grey and misty air, taking his flight towards warmer and sunnier regions.

lepers - परित्यक्त, कोढ़ी, चरकी

enliven - उत्तेजित करना

inexpressibly - अकथनीय रूप से, अवर्णनीयता से

tufts - गुच्छा, गुच्छा बनाना

willows - बेंत की तरह पतली लचकदार डाली वाला पेड़

blackberry bushes - क्लैकबेर्री शिकार

falcon - बाज़, बाज, श्येन

sunnier - हँसमुख, उजला/धूपवाला, धूपदार

I could not help feeling a sense of melancholy come over me. I sighed for my own Native Land, and wished to be back with Gretchen.

We were compelled to cross several little fjords, and at last came to a real gulf. The tide was at its height, and we were able to go over at once, and reach the hamlet of Alftanes, about a mile farther.

That evening, after fording the Alfa and the Heta, two rivers rich in trout and pike, we were compelled to pass the night in a deserted house, worthy of being haunted by all the fays of Scandinavian mythology. The King of Cold had taken up his residence there, and made us feel his presence all night.

fording - फोर्ड, पार करना, घाट

trout - सामन

Pike - बरछा, भाला

mythology - पौराणिक कथा, पौराणिक कथा

The following day was remarkable by its lack of any particular incidents. Always the same damp and swampy soil; the same dreary uniformity; the same sad and monotonous aspect of scenery. In the evening, having accomplished the half of our projected journey, we slept at the Annexia of Krosolbt.

damp - कम करना, गीला, नमी, नम करना

Swampy - धसाऊ, दलदली

dreary - नीरस, निराशाजनक, मन्द उदास

uniformity - एकरूपता, एकसमानता

scenery - दृश्यावली, भूदृश्य, सीनरी

For a whole mile we had under our feet nothing but lava. This disposition of the soil is called hraun: the crumbled lava on the surface was in some instances like ship cables stretched out horizontally, in others coiled up in heaps; an immense field of lava came from the neighboring mountains, all extinct volcanoes, but whose remains showed what once they had been.

disposition - प्रवृत्ति, प्रबंध, स्थिति

crumbled - चूर चूर होना

horizontally - क्षैतिज स्थिति में

coiled - मोड़ना, लपेटना, काँयल

in heaps - बहुत सारे

Here and there could be made out the steam from hot water springs.

There was no time, however, for us to take more than a cursory view of these phenomena. We had to go forward with what speed we might. Soon the soft and swampy soil again appeared under the feet of our horses, while at every hundred yards we came upon one or more small lakes.

cursory - सरसरी, लापराही से किया गया

Our journey was now in a westerly direction; we had, in fact, swept round the great bay of Faxa, and the twin white summits of Sneffels rose to the clouds at a distance of less than five miles.

westerly - पश्चिम की ओर, पश्चिम की ओर

The horses now advanced rapidly. The accidents and difficulties of the soil no longer checked them. I confess that fatigue began to tell severely upon me; but my uncle was as firm and as hard as he had been on the first day. I could not help admiring both the excellent Professor and the worthy guide; for they appeared to regard this rugged expedition as a mere walk!

On Saturday, the 20th June, at six o'clock in the evening, we reached Budir, a small town picturesquely situated on the shore of the ocean; and here the guide asked for his money. My uncle settled with him immediately. It was now the family of Hans himself, that is to say, his uncles, his cousins-german, who offered us hospitality.

picturesquely - सरसता से, सरसता से

We were exceedingly well received, and without taking too much advantage of the goodness of these worthy people, I should have liked very much to have rested with them after the fatigues of the journey. But my uncle, who did not require rest, had no idea of anything of the kind; and despite the fact that next day was Sunday, I was compelled once more to mount my steed.

fatigues - थकाना, थकान, थकावट, थकन

The soil was again affected by the neighborhood of the mountains, whose granite peered out of the ground like tops of an old oak. We were skirting the enormous base of the mighty volcano. My uncle never took his eyes from off it; he could not keep from gesticulating, and looking at it with a kind of sullen defiance as much as to say "That is the giant I have made up my mind to conquer."

neighborhood - अड़ोस-पड़ोस

oak - बलूत

sullen - बदमिजाज़, घिरा हुआ, खिन्न

defiance - अक्खड़पन, चुनौती, अवज्ञा

After four hours of steady traveling, the horses stopped of themselves before the door of the presbytery of Stapi.

presbytery - पुरोहिताश्रम


Stapi is a town consisting of thirty huts, built on a large plain of lava, exposed to the rays of the sun, reflected from the volcano. It stretches its humble tenements along the end of a little fjord, surrounded by a basaltic wall of the most singular character.

tenements - चाल, गृह

Basalt is a brown rock of igneous origin. It assumes regular forms, which astonish by their singular appearance. Here we found Nature proceeding geometrically, and working quite after a human fashion, as if she had employed the plummet line, the compass and the rule.

basalt - बेसाल्ट

igneous - आग्नेय, अग्नि सम्बन्धी

geometrically - ज्यामितीय दृष्टि से

plummet - अचानक गिर जाना, पनसाल, साहुल

If elsewhere she produces grand artistic effects by piling up huge masses without order or connection-if elsewhere we see truncated cones, imperfect pyramids, with an odd succession of lines; here, as if wishing to give a lesson in regularity, and preceding the architects of the early ages, she has erected a severe order of architecture, which neither the splendors of Babylon nor the marvels of Greece ever surpassed.

truncated - कोना हटा कर समतल रखना

cones - संकु आकार से घेरना

imperfect - अपूर्ण, त्रुटिपूर्ण, अपूर्ण भूत

pyramids - पिरामिड, पिरामिडाकार ढेर

regularity - नियमानुकूलता, नियमितता

splendors - भव्यता, दीप्ति, शान शौकत

Babylon - बाबिल, बाबुल

marvels - आश्चर्य, चमत्कार, अचंभित होना

Greece - यूनान

surpassed - से बेहतर परिणाम देना

I had often heard of the Giant's Causeway in Ireland, and of Fingal's Cave in one of the Hebrides, but the grand spectacle of a real basaltic formation had never yet come before my eyes.

causeway - पक्का नदीपथ, पक्का नदीपथ

Ireland - आयरलैंड

Hebrides - group of islands

This at Stapi gave us an idea of one in all its wonderful beauty and grace.

The wall of the fjord, like nearly the whole of the peninsula, consisted of a series of vertical columns, in height about thirty feet. These upright pillars of stone, of the finest proportions, supported an archivault of horizontal columns which formed a kind of half-vaulted roof above the sea.

upright - सरल, सीधा, सीधे, खड़ा स्तम्भ

pillars - मुख्य व्यक्ति/प्रधान व्यक्ति

vaulted - तहखाना, शव कक्ष

At certain intervals, and below this natural basin, the eye was pleased and surprised by the sight of oval openings through which the outward waves came thundering in volleys of foam.

oval - अंडाकार

openings - मौका, शुरुआत, प्रारंभ, खुली जगह

outward - जाता हुआ, बाहरी, बाहर की ओर

thundering - कानफोड़ू, (thunder), गरज

volleys - वली मारना, बौछार करना

foam - झाग, कोप, फेन

Some banks of basalt, torn from their fastenings by the fury of the waves, lay scattered on the ground like the ruins of an ancient temple-ruins eternally young, over which the storms of ages swept without producing any perceptible effect!

fastenings - बंधन, कसनी

eternally - अनन्तकाल तक, अनन्तकाल तक

perceptible - स्पष्ट, इन्द्रियगोचर

This was the last stage of our journey. Hans had brought us along with fidelity and intelligence, and I began to feel somewhat more comfortable when I reflected that he was to accompany us still farther on our way.

fidelity - वफ़ादारी, अमानत, स्वामीभक्ति

When we halted before the house of the Rector, a small and incommodious cabin, neither handsome nor more comfortable than those of his neighbors, I saw a man in the act of shoeing a horse, a hammer in his hand, and a leathern apron tied round his waist.

rector - पादरी, प्राचार्य

apron - तहबन्द, एप्रन

tied round - बाँधा गया

waist - कमर

"Be happy," said the eider-down hunter, using his national salutation in his own language.

salutation - अभिवादन, नमस्कार

"God dag-good day!" replied the former, in excellent Danish.

dag - दिन

"Kyrkoherde," cried Hans, turning round and introducing him to my uncle.

turning round - घुमना

"The Rector," repeated the worthy Professor; "it appears, my dear Harry, that this worthy man is the Rector, and is not above doing his own work."

During the speaking of these words the guide intimated to the Kyrkoherde what was the true state of the case. The good man, ceasing from his occupation, gave a kind of halloo, upon which a tall woman, almost a giantess, came out of the hut. She was at least six feet high, which in that region is something considerable.

Halloo - हैलो

giantess - female giant

My first impression was one of horror. I thought she had come to give us the Icelandic kiss. I had, however, nothing to fear, for she did not even show much inclination to receive us into her house.

inclination - रुचि, झुकाव, शौक, ढाल, पसंद

The room devoted to strangers appeared to me to be by far the worst in the presbytery; it was narrow, dirty and offensive. There was, however, no choice about the matter. The Rector had no notion of practicing the usual cordial and antique hospitality. Far from it. Before the day was over, I found we had to deal with a blacksmith, a fisherman, a hunter, a carpenter, anything but a clergyman.

cordial - शिष्ट, अत्यधिक, हार्दिक

blacksmith - लोहार

Carpenter - काष्ठकार, बढ़ई

clergyman - पुजार

It must be said in his favor that we had caught him on a weekday; probably he appeared to greater advantage on the Sunday.

weekday - * Hindi : वार

These poor priests receive from the Danish Government a most ridiculously inadequate salary, and collect one quarter of the tithe of their parish-not more than sixty marks current, or about L3 10s. sterling. Hence the necessity of working to live. In truth, we soon found that our host did not count civility among the cardinal virtues.

priests - पादरी, पुजारी, पुरोहित

ridiculously - बेतुके ढंग से, बेतुके ढंग से

tithe - दसवाँ भाग, दसवाँ भाग देना

sterling - खरा, शानदार, उत्कृष्ट, विशुद्ध

civility - नम्रता, शिष्टता, सभ्यता

cardinal - प्रमुख, प्रधान, गणनसंख्या

My uncle soon became aware of the kind of man he had to deal with. Instead of a worthy and learned scholar, he found a dull ill-mannered peasant. He therefore resolved to start on his great expedition as soon as possible. He did not care about fatigue, and resolved to spend a few days in the mountains.

mannered - कृत्रिम

The preparations for our departure were made the very next day after our arrival at Stapi; Hans now hired three Icelanders to take the place of the horses-which could no longer carry our luggage. When, however, these worthy islanders had reached the bottom of the crater, they were to go back and leave us to ourselves. This point was settled before they would agree to start.

islanders - द्वीप वासी, द्वीपवासी

On this occasion, my uncle partly confided in Hans, the eider-duck hunter, and gave him to understand that it was his intention to continue his exploration of the volcano to the last possible limits.

confided - बताना, सौंपना, गुप्त बात बताना

Hans listened calmly, and then nodded his head. To go there, or elsewhere, to bury himself in the bowels of the earth, or to travel over its summits, was all the same to him! As for me, amused and occupied by the incidents of travel, I had begun to forget the inevitable future; but now I was once more destined to realize the actual state of affairs. What was to be done? Run away?

calmly - शांतिपूर्वक, शान्ती से

amused - मनोरंजन करना, मन बहलाना

But if I really had intended to leave Professor Hardwigg to his fate, it should have been at Hamburg and not at the foot of Sneffels.

One idea, above all others, began to trouble me: a very terrible idea, and one calculated to shake the nerves of a man even less sensitive than myself.

"Let us consider the matter," I said to myself; "we are going to ascend the Sneffels mountain. Well and good. We are about to pay a visit to the very bottom of the crater. Good, still. Others have done it and did not perish from that course.

"That, however, is not the whole matter to be considered. If a road does really present itself by which to descend into the dark and subterraneous bowels of Mother Earth, if this thrice unhappy Saknussemm has really told the truth, we shall be most certainly lost in the midst of the labyrinth of subterraneous galleries of the volcano.

thrice - तिबारा, तिगुना

labyrinth - भूलभुलैयाँ

Now, we have no evidence to prove that Sneffels is really extinct. What proof have we that an eruption is not shortly about to take place? Because the monster has slept soundly since 1219, does it follow that he is never to wake?

soundly - अच्छी तरह, मजबूत ढंग से

"If he does wake what is to become of us?"

These were questions worth thinking about, and upon them I reflected long and deeply. I could not lie down in search of sleep without dreaming of eruptions. The more I thought, the more I objected to be reduced to the state of dross and ashes.

dross - धातुमल

I could stand it no longer; so I determined at last to submit the whole case to my uncle, in the most adroit manner possible, and under the form of some totally irreconcilable hypothesis.

adroit - कुशल, चतुर

irreconcilable - असमाधेय, कट्टर, अशाम्य

I sought him. I laid before him my fears, and then drew back in order to let him get his passion over at his ease.

"I have been thinking about the matter," he said, in the quietest tone in the world.

What did he mean? Was he at last about to listen to the voice of reason? Did he think of suspending his projects? It was almost too much happiness to be true.

I however made no remark. In fact, I was only too anxious not to interrupt him, and allowed him to reflect at his leisure. After some moments he spoke out.

"I have been thinking about the matter," he resumed. "Ever since we have been at Stapi, my mind has been almost solely occupied with the grave question which has been submitted to me by yourself-for nothing would be unwiser and more inconsistent than to act with imprudence."

unwiser - अनुपयुक्त, अविवेकपूर्ण, मूर्ख

more inconsistent - अधिक अस्थिर

imprudence - अविवेक, अविवेकिता

"I heartily agree with you, my dear uncle," was my somewhat hopeful rejoinder.

rejoinder - प्रत्युत्तर

"It is now six hundred years since Sneffels has spoken, but though now reduced to a state of utter silence, he may speak again. New volcanic eruptions are always preceded by perfectly well-known phenomena. I have closely examined the inhabitants of this region; I have carefully studied the soil, and I beg to tell you emphatically, my dear Harry, there will be no eruption at present."

utter - पूर्ण

emphatically - सुस्पष्ट रूप से

As I listened to his positive affirmations, I was stupefied and could say nothing.

affirmations - प्रतिज्ञापन, दृढ़ वचन, अभिपुष्टि

"I see you doubt my word," said my uncle; "follow me."

I obeyed mechanically.

Leaving the presbytery, the Professor took a road through an opening in the basaltic rock, which led far away from the sea. We were soon in open country, if we could give such a name to a place all covered with volcanic deposits. The whole land seemed crushed under the weight of enormous stones-of trap, of basalt, of granite, of lava, and of all other volcanic substances.

I could see many spouts of steam rising in the air. These white vapors, called in the Icelandic language "reykir," come from hot water fountains, and indicate by their violence the volcanic activity of the soil. Now the sight of these appeared to justify my apprehension. I was, therefore, all the more surprised and mortified when my uncle thus addressed me.

spouts - धारा, नल, टोंटी, फुहारा छोड़ना

vapors - विषाद

fountains - झरना, फव्वारा, जलयंत्र

apprehension - डर, भय, समझ, आशंका, गिरफ्तारी

mortified - नीचा दिखाना, शर्मिंदा करना

"You see all this smoke, Harry, my boy?"

"Yes, sir."

"Well, as long as you see them thus, you have nothing to fear from the volcano."

"How can that be?"

"Be careful to remember this," continued the Professor. "At the approach of an eruption these spouts of vapor redouble their activity-to disappear altogether during the period of volcanic eruption; for the elastic fluids, no longer having the necessary tension, seek refuge in the interior of the crater, instead of escaping through the fissures of the earth.

redouble - दोहराना, अधिक बलवती करना

elastic - मुलायम, लचीला, प्रफुल्ल, लचकदार

fissures - दरार

If, then, the steam remains in its normal or habitual state, if their energy does not increase, and if you add to this, the remark that the wind is not replaced by heavy atmospheric pressure and dead calm, you may be quite sure that there is no fear of any immediate eruption."

habitual - स्वाभाविक, हमेशा का, अभ्यस्त

atmospheric - वायुमंडलीय

dead calm - Dead Calm ko Hindi mein शांति का सामना कहा जाता है।


"Enough, my boy. When science has sent forth her fiat-it is only to hear and obey."

fiat - आदेश, आधिकारिक आज्ञा

I came back to the house quite downcast and disappointed. My uncle had completely defeated me with his scientific arguments. Nevertheless, I had still one hope, and that was, when once we were at the bottom of the crater, that it would be impossible in default of a gallery or tunnel, to descend any deeper; and this, despite all the learned Saknussemms in the world.

downcast - उदास, अवनत

I passed the whole of the following night with a nightmare on my chest! and, after unheard-of miseries and tortures, found myself in the very depths of the earth, from which I was suddenly launched into planetary space, under the form of an eruptive rock!

unheard - अनसुना, बेसुना, अश्रुत

planetary - ग्रहीय, अस्थिर, विश्वव्यापी

eruptive -

Next day, June 23d, Hans calmly awaited us outside the presbytery with his three companions loaded with provisions, tools, and instruments. Two iron-shod poles, two guns, and two large game bags, were reserved for my uncle and myself. Hans, who was a man who never forgot even the minutest precautions, had added to our baggage a large skin full of water, as an addition to our gourds.

precautions - गर्भनिरोधक उपाय, एहतियात

This assured us water for eight days.

It was nine o'clock in the morning when we were quite ready. The rector and his huge wife or servant, I never knew which, stood at the door to see us off. They appeared to be about to inflict on us the usual final kiss of the Icelanders.

To our supreme astonishment their adieu took the shape of a formidable bill, in which they even counted the use of the pastoral house, really and truly the most abominable and dirty place I ever was in. The worthy couple cheated and robbed us like a Swiss innkeeper, and made us feel, by the sum we had to pay, the splendors of their hospitality.

adieu - अल्विदा, नमस्कार{जाते समय}

formidable - दुर्जेय, डरावना, विकट

pastoral - पशुचारी, पुरोहिताई संबंधी

most abominable - सबसे घृणित

Swiss - स्विस

innkeeper - सराय वाला, सराय वाला

My uncle, however, paid without bargaining. A man who had made up his mind to undertake a voyage into the Interior of the Earth, is not the man to haggle over a few miserable rix-dollars.

haggle over - विवाद करना

This important matter settled, Hans gave the signal for departure, and some few moments later we had left Stapi.


The huge volcano which was the first stage of our daring experiment is above five thousand feet high. Sneffels is the termination of a long range of volcanic mountains, of a different character to the system of the island itself. One of its peculiarities is its two huge pointed summits.

peculiarities - विशिष्टता, खासियत, अनूठापन

From whence we started it was impossible to make out the real outlines of the peak against the grey field of sky. All we could distinguish was a vast dome of white, which fell downwards from the head of the giant.

whence - कहाँ से

dome - गुंबज, गुंबदाकार, गुम्बद, गुंबद

The commencement of the great undertaking filled me with awe. Now that we had actually started, I began to believe in the reality of the undertaking!

commencement - शुरुआत, आरम्भ, प्रक्रम

Our party formed quite a procession. We walked in single file, preceded by Hans, the imperturbable eider-duck hunter. He calmly led us by narrow paths where two persons could by no possibility walk abreast. Conversation was wholly impossible. We had all the more opportunity to reflect and admire the awful grandeur of the scene around.

procession - शोभायाट्रा, याट्रा का व्यक्ति

abreast - के प्रति होशियार, क्रमबद्ध

Beyond the extraordinary basaltic wall of the fjord of Stapi we found ourselves making our way through fibrous turf, over which grew a scanty vegetation of grass, the residuum of the ancient vegetation of the swampy peninsula. The vast mass of this combustible, the field of which as yet is utterly unexplored, would suffice to warm Iceland for a whole century.

fibrous - रेशेदार, रेशे जैस्, रेशे जैस्

scanty - छोटा, अल्प, विरल, अपर्याप्त

residuum - शेष

combustible - ज्वलनशील, दहनशील

unexplored - अज्ञात, अनन्वेषित

suffice - काफ़ी होना, पूरा पड़ना

This mighty turf pit, measured from the bottom of certain ravines, is often not less than seventy feet deep, and presents to the eye the view of successive layers of black burned-up rocky detritus, separated by thin streaks of porous sandstone.

ravines - दर्रा, गड्ढा

detritus - मलबा, पत्थर से बना हुआ रेत आदि

streaks - वर्णरेखा, चमक, दौर, प्रवृत्ति

porous - छिद्रित, छीद्रिल/छोटे छेदों वाला

sandstone - बलुआ पत्थर

The grandeur of the spectacle was undoubted, as well as its arid and deserted air.

As a true nephew of the great Professor Hardwigg, and despite my preoccupation and doleful fears of what was to come, I observed with great interest the vast collection of mineralogical curiosities spread out before me in this vast museum of natural history. Looking back to my recent studies, I went over in thought the whole geological history of Iceland.

preoccupation - चिंता, अन्यचित्तता, अन्यमनस्कता

doleful - खिन्न

This extraordinary and curious island must have made its appearance from out of the great world of waters at a comparatively recent date. Like the coral islands of the Pacific, it may, for aught we know, be still rising by slow and imperceptible degrees.

comparatively - तुलनात्मक रूप से

coral - मूंगा, मूँगा, प्रवाल

aught - कुछ भी, कुछ नहीं

imperceptible - अलक्ष्य, अतीन्द्रिय, अतिसूक्ष्म

If this really be the case, its origin can be attributed to only one cause-that of the continued action of subterranean fires.

subterranean - गुप्त, अन्तर्भूमिक, भूमिगत

This was a happy thought.

If so, if this were true, away with the theories of Sir Humphry Davy; away with the authority of the parchment of Arne Saknussemm; the wonderful pretensions to discovery on the part of my uncle-and to our journey!

pretensions - दावा, मिथ्याभिमान, झूठा दावा

All must end in smoke.

end in smoke - धुप में खत्म होना

Charmed with the idea, I began more carefully to look about me. A serious study of the soil was necessary to negative or confirm my hypothesis. I took in every item of what I saw, and I began to comprehend the succession of phenomena which had preceded its formation.

Iceland, being absolutely without sedimentary soil, is composed exclusively of volcanic tufa; that is to say, of an agglomeration of stones and of rocks of a porous texture. Long before the existence of volcanoes, it was composed of a solid body of massive trap rock lifted bodily and slowly out of the sea, by the action of the centrifugal force at work in the earth.

sedimentary - तलछटी

agglomeration - ढेर, समूह {ढेर}

bodily - शारीरिक

centrifugal force - वेगवर्धक बल

The internal fires, however, had not as yet burst their bounds and flooded the exterior cake of Mother Earth with hot and raging lava.

bounds - सीमित, सीमित करना, सीमित करना

My readers must excuse this brief and somewhat pedantic geological lecture. But it is necessary to the complete understanding of what follows.

pedantic - पण्डिताऊ

At a later period in the world's history, a huge and mighty fissure must, reasoning by analogy, have been dug diagonally from the southwest to the northeast of the island, through which by degrees flowed the volcanic crust.

fissure - दरार

diagonally - तिरछा, विकर्णतः

by degrees - क्रमशः

The great and wondrous phenomenon then went on without violence-the outpouring was enormous, and the seething fused matter, ejected from the bowels of the earth, spread slowly and peacefully in the form of vast level plains, or what are called mamelons or mounds.

outpouring - प्रवाह, उद्गार

seething - हिलता हुआ, हिलता हुआ

fused - गुस्सा, जुड़ना, मिलाना

ejected - बाहर निकालना, निकाल देना

peacefully - शांतिपूर्वक, शांति से

mounds - ढेर, टीला, ढेर लगाना, माउंड

It was at this epoch that the rocks called feldspars, syenites, and porphyries appeared.

epoch - युग, काल, ज़माना

feldspars - एक प्रकार का खनिज

But as a natural consequence of this overflow, the depth of the island increased. It can readily be believed what an enormous quantity of elastic fluids were piled up within its centre, when at last it afforded no other openings, after the process of cooling the crust had taken place.

overflow - उमड़ आना, उपर से बहना, छलकाव

At length a time came when despite the enormous thickness and weight of the upper crust, the mechanical forces of the combustible gases below became so great, that they actually upheaved the weighty back and made for themselves huge and gigantic shafts. Hence the volcanoes which suddenly arose through the upper crust, and next the craters, which burst forth at the summit of these new creations.

thickness - परत, मोटाई, भर्रायापन, गाढ़ापन

weighty - भारी, प्रभावशाली, गंभीर, दमदार

shafts - अन्यायपूर्ण व्यवहार करना, बरछा

It will be seen that the first phenomena in connection with the formation of the island were simply eruptive; to these, however, shortly succeeded the volcanic phenomena.

Through the newly formed openings, escaped the marvelous mass of basaltic stones with which the plain we were now crossing was covered. We were trampling our way over heavy rocks of dark grey color, which, while cooling, had been moulded into six-sided prisms. In the "back distance" we could see a number of flattened cones, which formerly were so many fire-vomiting mouths.

trampling - अवमर्दन, (trample)

moulded - साँचे में ढालना, गढ़ना, ढालना

Prisms - प्रिज़्म, वर्णक्रम, समपार्श्व

flattened - समतल होना[करना]

vomiting - उल्टी

After the basaltic eruption was appeased and set at rest, the volcano, the force of which increased with that of the extinct craters, gave free passage to the fiery overflow of lava, and to the mass of cinders and pumice stone, now scattered over the sides of the mountain, like disheveled hair on the shoulders of a Bacchante.

appeased - शांत करना, संतुष्ट करना

fiery - क्रोधित, जोशीला, अग्निमय

cinders - अंगार, अंगारा

pumice - कुस्र्न

disheveled - अस्त व्यस्त करना

Bacchante - a priestess of Bacchus

Here, in a nutshell, I had the whole history of the phenomena from which Iceland arose. All take their rise in the fierce action of interior fires, and to believe that the central mass did not remain in a state of liquid fire, white hot, was simply and purely madness.

nutshell - छिलका, अखरोट आदि का छिलका

This being satisfactorily proved (Q.E.D.), what insensate folly to pretend to penetrate into the interior of the mighty earth!

satisfactorily - संतोषजनक ढंग से

insensate - having no sensation or consciousness

penetrate - समझना, घुसना, काम करना

This mental lecture delivered to myself while proceeding on a journey, did me good. I was quite reassured as to the fate of our enterprise; and therefore went, like a brave soldier mounting a bristling battery, to the assault of old Sneffels.

bristling - सूअर का बाल, फटा पड़ना

As we advanced, the road became every moment more difficult. The soil was broken and dangerous. The rocks broke and gave way under our feet, and we had to be scrupulously careful in order to avoid dangerous and constant falls.

scrupulously - ईमानदारी से, ईमानदारी से

Hans advanced as calmly as if he had been walking over Salisbury Plain; sometimes he would disappear behind huge blocks of stone, and we momentarily lost sight of him. There was a little period of anxiety and then there was a shrill whistle, just to tell us where to look for him.

momentarily - पल भर के लिये, थोड़ि ही देर में

shrill - तीखा, तीक्ष्ण, कर्णभेदी

whistle - सीटी

Occasionally he would take it into his head to stop to pick up lumps of rock, and silently pile them up into small heaps, in order that we might not lose our way on our return.

lumps - ढेला, ढेर, मूर्ख, गोला, सूजन

silently - खामोशी से, चुपचाप

heaps - ढेर लगना, ढेर लगना, ढेर लगाना

He had no idea of the journey we were about to undertake.

At all events, the precaution was a good one; though how utterly useless and unnecessary-but I must not anticipate.

precaution - गर्भनिरोधक उपाय, एहतियात

Three hours of terrible fatigue, walking incessantly, had only brought us to the foot of the great mountain. This will give some notion of what we had still to undergo.

incessantly - लगातार

Suddenly, however, Hans cried a halt-that is, he made signs to that effect-and a summary kind of breakfast was laid out on the lava before us. My uncle, who now was simply Professor Hardwigg, was so eager to advance, that he bolted his food like a greedy clown. This halt for refreshment was also a halt for repose.

bolted - चौंक कर भाग जाना, भाग जाना, ठीक

greedy - कंजूस

clown - विदूषक, जोकर

repose - आराम

The Professor was therefore compelled to wait the good pleasure of his imperturbable guide, who did not give the signal for departure for a good hour.

The three Icelanders, who were as taciturn as their comrade, did not say a word; but went on eating and drinking very quietly and soberly.

taciturn - अल्प भाषी, चुप्पा, अल्पभाषी

comrade - साथी, कामरेड

soberly - सादे ढंग से, गंभीर भाव से

From this, our first real stage, we began to ascend the slopes of the Sneffels volcano. Its magnificent snowy nightcap, as we began to call it, by an optical delusion very common in mountains, appeared to me to be close at hand; and yet how many long weary hours must elapse before we reached its summit. What unheard-of fatigue must we endure!

snowy - हिमाच्छादित, हिम श्वेत

nightcap - शयन टोपी, रात्रि पेय

The stones on the mountain side, held together by no cement of soil, bound together by no roots or creeping herbs, gave way continually under our feet, and went rushing below into the plains, like a series of small avalanches.

cement - सीमेंट

avalanches - बर्फ की सरकती हुई चट्टान

In certain places the sides of this stupendous mountain were at an angle so steep that it was impossible to climb upwards, and we were compelled to get round these obstacles as best we might.

stupendous - विलक्षण, लाजवाब, आश्चर्यजनक

Those who understand Alpine climbing will comprehend our difficulties. Often we were obliged to help each other along by means of our climbing poles.

I must say this for my uncle, that he stuck as close to me as possible. He never lost sight of me, and on many occasions his arm supplied me with firm and solid support. He was strong, wiry, and apparently insensible to fatigue. Another great advantage with him was that he had the innate sentiment of equilibrium-for he never slipped or failed in his steps.

insensible - अनभिज्ञ, संवेदनशून्य

equilibrium - साम्यावस्था

The Icelanders, though heavily loaded, climbed with the agility of mountaineers.

agility - फुर्ती

mountaineers - पर्वतारोही

Looking up, every now and then, at the height of the great volcano of Sneffels, it appeared to me wholly impossible to reach to the summit on that side; at all events, if the angle of inclination did not speedily change.

speedily - जल्दी, तेज़ी से

Fortunately, after an hour of unheard-of fatigues, and of gymnastic exercises that would have been trying to an acrobat, we came to a vast field of ice, which wholly surrounded the bottom of the cone of the volcano. The natives called it the tablecloth, probably from some such reason as the dwellers in the Cape of Good Hope call their mountain Table Mountain, and their roads Table Bay.

gymnastic exercises - जिम्नास्टिक व्यायाम

acrobat - कलाबाज़

tablecloth - मेज़पोश, टेबुल-क्लाथ

dwellers - निवासी

Here, to our mutual surprise, we found an actual flight of stone steps, which wonderfully assisted our ascent. This singular flight of stairs was, like everything else, volcanic. It had been formed by one of those torrents of stones cast up by the eruptions, and of which the Icelandic name is stina.

wonderfully - बहुत अच्छे ढंग से

torrents - बौछार, मूसलाधार वर्षा

If this singular torrent had not been checked in its descent by the peculiar shape of the flanks of the mountain, it would have swept into the sea, and would have formed new islands.

torrent - तेज धारा

flanks - मकान का किनारा, बीच में

Such as it was, it served us admirably. The abrupt character of the slopes momentarily increased, but these remarkable stone steps, a little less difficult than those of the Egyptian pyramids, were the one simple natural means by which we were enabled to proceed.

abrupt - उखड़ा उखड़ा, आकस्मिक, असंगत

About seven in the evening of that day, after having clambered up two thousand of these rough steps, we found ourselves overlooking a kind of spur or projection of the mountain-a sort of buttress upon which the conelike crater, properly so called, leaned for support.

clambered - हाथ पैर के बल कठिनाई से चढ़ना

buttress - सहारा, पुश्ता, मज़बूत बना

The ocean lay beneath us at a depth of more than three thousand two hundred feet-a grand and mighty spectacle. We had reached the region of eternal snows.

The cold was keen, searching and intense. The wind blew with extraordinary violence. I was utterly exhausted.

My worthy uncle, the Professor, saw clearly that my legs refused further service, and that, in fact, I was utterly exhausted. Despite his hot and feverish impatience, he decided, with a sigh, upon a halt. He called the eider-duck hunter to his side. That worthy, however, shook his head.

"Ofvanfor," was his sole spoken reply.

"It appears," says my uncle with a woebegone look, "that we must go higher."

woebegone - पीड़ित, जर्जर, जीर्ण, दुखी

He then turned to Hans, and asked him to give some reason for this decisive response.

"Mistour," replied the guide.

"Ja, mistour-yes, the mistour," cried one of the Icelandic guides in a terrified tone.

It was the first time he had spoken.

"What does this mysterious word signify?" I anxiously inquired.

signify - सूचित करना, ज़ाहीर करना

inquired - पूछना, पता लगाना, छानबीन करना

"Look," said my uncle.

I looked down upon the plain below, and I saw a vast, a prodigious volume of pulverized pumice stone, of sand, of dust, rising to the heavens in the form of a mighty waterspout. It resembled the fearful phenomenon of a similar character known to the travelers in the desert of the great Sahara.

prodigious - आश्चर्यजनक, भयंकर, अनिष्टसूचक

pulverized - चूर चूर होना, तबाह करना, पीसना

waterspout - मूसलाधार वर्षा, जल बवंडर

Sahara - desert

The wind was driving it directly towards that side of Sneffels on which we were perched. This opaque veil standing up between us and the sun projected a deep shadow on the flanks of the mountain. If this sand spout broke over us, we must all be infallibly destroyed, crushed in its fearful embraces.

perched - किनारे पर बैठना, बसेरा

opaque - अस्पष्ट, अपारदर्शी

spout - धारा, नल, टोंटी, फुहारा छोड़ना

infallibly - in an infallible manner

This extraordinary phenomenon, very common when the wind shakes the glaciers, and sweeps over the arid plains, is in the Icelandic tongue called "mistour."

"Hastigt, hastigt!" cried our guide.

Now I certainly knew nothing of Danish, but I thoroughly understood that his gestures were meant to quicken us.

quicken - प्रोत्साहित करना, जल्दी कर

The guide turned rapidly in a direction which would take us to the back of the crater, all the while ascending slightly.

ascending - चढना, बढना/चढ़ना, उपर उठना

We followed rapidly, despite our excessive fatigue.

A quarter of an hour later Hans paused to enable us to look back. The mighty whirlwind of sand was spreading up the slope of the mountain to the very spot where we had proposed to halt. Huge stones were caught up, cast into the air, and thrown about as during an eruption. We were happily a little out of the direction of the wind, and therefore out of reach of danger.

whirlwind - बवंडर, चक्रवात

But for the precaution and knowledge of our guide, our dislocated bodies, our crushed and broken limbs, would have been cast to the wind, like dust from some unknown meteor.

dislocated - जोड़ उखाड़ना, अस्तव्यस्त

meteor - उल्का, शहाब

Hans, however, did not think it prudent to pass the night on the bare side of the cone. We therefore continued our journey in a zigzag direction. The fifteen hundred feet which remained to be accomplished took us at least five hours. The turnings and windings, the no-thoroughfares, the marches and marches, turned that insignificant distance into at least three leagues.

Prudent - बुद्धिमत्तापूर्ण, दूरदर्शी

zigzag - घुमावदार, सर्पिल गति से चलना

turnings - परिवर्तन, खरादना, बदलाव

windings - घुमावदार, घुमाव, चक्कर

insignificant - तुच्छ, नगण्य, मामूली

I never felt such misery, fatigue and exhaustion in my life. I was ready to faint from hunger and cold. The rarefied air at the same time painfully acted upon my lungs.

exhaustion - समापन, थकान, क्षय

rarefied - कम घना होना/पतला करना या होना

painfully - अप्रीतिकर ढंग से, कष्टपूर्वक

At last, when I thought myself at my last gasp, about eleven at night, it being in that region quite dark, we reached the summit of Mount Sneffels!

gasp - चाहना, धक से रह जाना

It was in an awful mood of mind, that despite my fatigue, before I descended into the crater which was to shelter us for the night, I paused to behold the sun rise at midnight on the very day of its lowest declension, and enjoyed the spectacle of its ghastly pale rays cast upon the isle which lay sleeping at our feet!

declension - ह्रास, अवनति

ghastly - विवर्ण, विकट, भयंकर, बेकार, खराब

Isle - टापू

I no longer wondered at people traveling all the way from England to Norway to behold this magical and wondrous spectacle.


Our supper was eaten with ease and rapidity, after which everybody did the best he could for himself within the hollow of the crater. The bed was hard, the shelter unsatisfactory, the situation painful-lying in the open air, five thousand feet above the level of the sea!

rapidity - शीघ्रता, तेजी

unsatisfactory - असंतोषजनक, असन्तोषजनक, प्रद

Nevertheless, it has seldom happened to me to sleep so well as I did on that particular night. I did not even dream. So much for the effects of what my uncle called "wholesome fatigue."

wholesome - स्वस्थ, हितकारी, पौष्टिक

Next day, when we awoke under the rays of a bright and glorious sun, we were nearly frozen by the keen air. I left my granite couch and made one of the party to enjoy a view of the magnificent spectacle which developed itself, panorama-like, at our feet.

couch - खाट, पल

I stood upon the lofty summit of Mount Sneffels'southern peak. Thence I was able to obtain a view of the greater part of the island. The optical delusion, common to all lofty heights, raised the shores of the island, while the central portions appeared depressed. It was by no means too great a flight of fancy to believe that a giant picture was stretched out before me.

thence - वहाँ से

I could see the deep valleys that crossed each other in every direction. I could see precipices looking like sides of wells, lakes that seemed to be changed into ponds, ponds that looked like puddles, and rivers that were transformed into petty brooks. To my right were glaciers upon glaciers, and multiplied peaks, topped with light clouds of smoke.

precipices - खड़ी चट्टान, खतरनाक स्थिति, संकट

puddles - डबरा, छोटा सा तालाब, पेशाब करना

petty - लघु, क्रूर, नीच, छोटा मोटा

brooks - सहना, छोटी नदी, बर्दाश्त करना

The undulation of these infinite numbers of mountains, whose snowy summits make them look as if covered by foam, recalled to my remembrance the surface of a storm-beaten ocean. If I looked towards the west, the ocean lay before me in all its majestic grandeur, a continuation as it were, of these fleecy hilltops.

remembrance - स्मरण, निशानी

majestic - शानदार, तेजस्वी, राजसी, भव्य

continuation - विस्तार, निरंतरता, उत्तर कथा

hilltops - पहाड़ी की चोटी, पहाड़ी की चोटी

Where the earth ended and the sea began it was impossible for the eye to distinguish.

I soon felt that strange and mysterious sensation which is awakened in the mind when looking down from lofty hilltops, and now I was able to do so without any feeling of nervousness, having fortunately hardened myself to that kind of sublime contemplation.

nervousness - घबराहट, तनाव, अधीरता, धैर्यहीनता

hardened - द्र्ढ बन्ना, पक्का बन्ना

contemplation - ध्यान, विचार, निदिध्यासन, चिंतन

I wholly forgot who I was, and where I was. I became intoxicated with a sense of lofty sublimity, without thought of the abysses into which my daring was soon about to plunge me. I was presently, however, brought back to the realities of life by the arrival of the Professor and Hans, who joined me upon the lofty summit of the peak.

intoxicated - नशे में लाना, उन्मत्त करना

sublimity - औदात्य

My uncle, turning in a westerly direction, pointed out to me a light cloud of vapor, a kind of haze, with a faint outline of land rising out of the waters.

haze - कोहरा

"Greenland!" said he.

Greenland - a large self-governing island in North America

"Greenland?" cried I in reply.

"Yes," continued my uncle, who always when explaining anything spoke as if he were in a professor's chair; "we are not more than thirty-five leagues distant from that wonderful land. When the great annual breakup of the ice takes place, white bears come over to Iceland, carried by the floating masses of ice from the north. This, however, is a matter of little consequence.

breakup - छोटे छोटे भागों में वर्गीकरण

We are now on the summit of the great, the transcendent Sneffels, and here are its two peaks, north and south. Hans will tell you the name by which the people of Iceland call that on which we stand."

transcendent - उत्कृष्ट, ज्ञानातीत

My uncle turned to the imperturbable guide, who nodded, and spoke as usual-one word.


My uncle looked at me with a proud and triumphant glance.

"A crater," he said, "you hear?"

I did hear, but I was totally unable to make reply.

The crater of Mount Sneffels represented an inverted cone, the gaping orifice apparently half a mile across; the depth indefinite feet. Conceive what this hole must have been like when full of flame and thunder and lightning.

inverted - उलट देना, उलटा करना

orifice - विवर, रन्ध्र

indefinite - अनिश्चित, संदेहास्पद

thunder - गरज, गड़गड़ाहट, राद, गर्जन

The bottom of the funnel-shaped hollow was about five hundred feet in circumference, by which it will be seen that the slope from the summit to the bottom was very gradual, and we were therefore clearly able to get there without much fatigue or difficulty. Involuntarily, I compared this crater to an enormous loaded cannon; and the comparison completely terrified me.

funnel-shaped - (funnel-shaped) फनल आकार

circumference - परिधि, घेरा, मंडल, गिरदा

gradual - क्रमिक, क्रमश्ः, क्रमश:

involuntarily - सितारा मछली, अनिच्छा से

cannon - तोप, कमान

"To descend into the interior of a cannon," I thought to myself, "when perhaps it is loaded, and will go off at the least shock, is the act of a madman."

But there was no longer any opportunity for me to hesitate. Hans, with a perfectly calm and indifferent air, took his usual post at the head of the adventurous little band. I followed without uttering a syllable.

uttering - उत्पन्न करना, (utter) उत्पन्न करना

syllable - शब्दांश, अक्षर

I felt like the lamb led to the slaughter.

lamb - बर्रा, मेमना

slaughter - हराना, हत्या, मारना, हत्या/वध

In order to render the descent less difficult, Hans took his way down the interior of the cone in rather a zigzag fashion, making, as the sailors say, long tracks to the eastward, followed by equally long ones to the west. It was necessary to walk through the midst of eruptive rocks, some of which, shaken in their balance, went rolling down with thundering clamor to the bottom of the abyss.

eastward - पूरब दिशा की ओर, पूर्वाभिमुख

clamor - great outcry or vociferation

abyss - checkअथाह

These continual falls awoke echoes of singular power and effect.

continual - बार बार होने वाला, अविरत

Many portions of the cone consisted of inferior glaciers. Hans, whenever he met with one of these obstacles, advanced with a great show of precaution, sounding the soil with his long iron pole in order to discover fissures and layers of deep soft snow.

inferior - छोटा, घटिया, तुच्छ, निम्न, अधीन

In many doubtful or dangerous places, it became necessary for us to be tied together by a long rope in order that should any one of us be unfortunate enough to slip, he would be supported by his companions. This connecting link was doubtless a prudent precaution, but not by any means unattended with danger.

doubtful - अनिश्चित, संदिग्ध, संदेह

unattended - उपेक्षित, अकेला, अरक्षित

Nevertheless, and despite all the manifold difficulties of the descent, along slopes with which our guide was wholly unacquainted, we made considerable progress without accident. One of our great parcels of rope slipped from one of the Iceland porters, and rushed by a short cut to the bottom of the abyss.

manifold - अनेक, नलिका, विविध, बहुविध

unacquainted - अपरिचित, अनभिज्ञ

parcels - पार्सल, गठरी

By midday we were at the end of our journey. I looked upwards, and saw only the upper orifice of the cone, which served as a circular frame to a very small portion of the sky-a portion which seemed to me singularly beautiful. Should I ever again gaze on that lovely sunlit sky!

midday - दोपहर

singularly - एकदम ही, विशिष्ट रूप से

sunlit - सूर्य की रोशनी द्वारा प्रकाशित

The only exception to this extraordinary landscape, was the Peak of Scartaris, which seemed lost in the great void of the heavens.

void - रिक्त

The bottom of the crater was composed of three separate shafts, through which, during periods of eruption, when Sneffels was in action, the great central furnace sent forth its burning lava and poisonous vapors. Each of these chimneys or shafts gaped open-mouthed in our path. I kept as far away from them as possible, not even venturing to take the faintest peep downwards.

furnace - भट्टी

chimneys - चिमनी, चूल्हा, बर्फ़ का कटाव

faintest - धीमा, हल्की, धीमी, बेहोश होना

peep - झांकना

As for the Professor, after a rapid examination of their disposition and characteristics, he became breathless and panting. He ran from one to the other like a delighted schoolboy, gesticulating wildly, and uttering incomprehensible and disjointed phrases in all sorts of languages.

breathless - हँफा देनेवाली, स्तब्ध, बेदम

panting - श्वास लेना, (pant) श्वास लेना

wildly - शिष्टाचारहीनतः, अशिष्टतः

disjointed - असंबद्ध, जोड़ अलग करना

Hans, the guide, and his humbler companions seated themselves on some piles of lava and looked silently on. They clearly took my uncle for a lunatic; and-waited the result.

lunatic - पागल, मूर्खतापूर्ण, उन्मत्त

Suddenly the Professor uttered a wild, unearthly cry. At first I imagined he had lost his footing, and was falling headlong into one of the yawning gulfs. Nothing of the kind. I saw him, his arms spread out to their widest extent, his legs stretched apart, standing upright before an enormous pedestal, high enough and black enough to bear a gigantic statue of Pluto.

unearthly - अलौकिक

headlong - सिर के बल, अन्धाधुन्ध

yawning - उबासी लेता, जम्हाई, ऊबा हुआ

pedestal - स्थान, धानी

Pluto - लाभ, प्लूटो, सूर्य का नवाँ ग्रह

His attitude and mien were that of a man utterly stupefied. But his stupefaction was speedily changed to the wildest joy.

"Harry! Harry! come here!" he cried; "make haste-wonderful-wonderful!"

Unable to understand what he meant, I turned to obey his commands. Neither Hans nor the other Icelanders moved a step.

"Look!" said the Professor, in something of the manner of the French general, pointing out the pyramids to his army.

And fully partaking his stupefaction, if not his joy, I read on the eastern side of the huge block of stone, the same characters, half eaten away by the corrosive action of time, the name, to me a thousand times accursed-

partaking - भाग लेना, (partake) भाग लेना

corrosive - क्षयकारी, संक्षारक, क्षयकर

accursed - शाप देना

"Arne Saknussemm!" cried my uncle, "now, unbeliever, do you begin to have faith?"

unbeliever - नास्तिक

It was totally impossible for me to answer a single word. I went back to my pile of lava, in a state of silent awe. The evidence was unanswerable, overwhelming!

unanswerable - लाजवाब, अखंडनीय, उत्तरहीन

In a few moments, however, my thoughts were far away, back in my German home, with Gretchen and the old cook. What would I have given for one of my cousin's smiles, for one of the ancient domestic's omelettes, and for my own feather bed!

omelettes - ऑमलेट

feather bed - फेदर बेड

How long I remained in this state I know not. All I can say is, that when at last I raised my head from between my hands, there remained at the bottom of the crater only myself, my uncle and Hans. The Icelandic porters had been dismissed and were now descending the exterior slopes of Mount Sneffels, on their way to Stapi. How heartily did I wish myself with them!

Hans slept tranquilly at the foot of a rock in a kind of rill of lava, where he had made himself a rough and ready bed. MY uncle was walking about the bottom of the crater like a wild beast in a cage. I had no desire, neither had I the strength, to move from my recumbent position.

rill - नदिका, छोटी नदी, छोटी नदी

cage - क़फ़स, पिंजड़ा, कफस, पिंजरा

recumbent - शयित, लेटा हुआ

Taking example by the guide, I gave way to a kind of painful somnolency, during which I seemed both to hear and feel continued heavings and shudderings in the mountain.

somnolency - निद्रा

In this way we passed our first night in the interior of a crater.

Next morning, a grey, cloudy, heavy sky hung like a funereal pall over the summit of the volcanic cone. I did not notice it so much from the obscurity that reigned around us, as from the rage with which my uncle was devoured.

cloudy - मेघाच्छादित

funereal - मातमी

Pall - आवरण

I fully understood the reason, and again a glimpse of hope made my heart leap with joy. I will briefly explain the cause.

Of the three openings which yawned beneath our steps, only one could have been followed by the adventurous Saknussemm. According to the words of the learned Icelander, it was only to be known by that one particular mentioned in the cryptograph, that the shadow of Scartaris fell upon it, just touching its mouth in the last days of the month of June.

yawned - फैल जाना, जम्हाई, उबासी

We were, in fact, to consider the pointed peak as the stylus of an immense sun-dial, the shadow of which pointed on one given day, like the inexorable finger of fate, to the yawning chasm which led into the interior of the earth.

stylus - सुई

dial - मिलाना

inexorable - निर्मम, अनवरत, दृढ/अप्राशम्य

chasm - दरार/छेद, रंध्र, गहरा मतभेद

Now, as often happens in these regions, should the sun fail to burst through the clouds, no shadow. Consequently, no chance of discovering the right aperture. We had already reached the 25th June. If the kindly heavens would only remain densely clouded for six more days, we should have to put off our voyage of discovery for another year, when certainly there would be one person fewer in the party.

aperture - छिद्र, छेद, छिद्र्

densely - सघनतापूर्वक, बेवकूफ़ी से

I already had sufficient of the mad and monstrous enterprise.

It would be utterly impossible to depict the impotent rage of Professor Hardwigg. The day passed away, and not the faintest outline of a shadow could be seen at the bottom of the crater. Hans the guide never moved from his place. He must have been curious to know what we were about, if indeed he could believe we were about anything. As for my uncle, he never addressed a word to me.

impotent - नामर्द, नपुंसक

He was nursing his wrath to keep it warm! His eyes fixed on the black and foggy atmosphere, his complexion hideous with suppressed passion. Never had his eyes appeared so fierce, his nose so aquiline, his mouth so hard and firm.

wrath - क्रोध, ग़ुस्सा, रोष, ग़ज़ब

foggy - कोहरेदार, भ्रमपूर्ण, धुँधला

complexion - वर्ण, स्वरूप

On the 26th no change for the better. A mixture of rain and snow fell during the whole day. Hans very quietly built himself a hut of lava into which he retired like Diogenes into his tub. I took a malicious delight in watching the thousand little cascades that flowed down the side of the cone, carrying with them at times a stream of stones into the "vasty deep" below.

tub - ढक्कनदार डिब्बा, स्नान, टब, नांद

malicious - द्वेषी, दुर्भावनापूर्ण

cascades - कैस्केड्स, (cascade) कैस्केड्स

vasty - वैस्टी

My uncle was almost frantic: to be sure, it was enough to make even a patient man angry. He had reached to a certain extent the goal of his desires, and yet he was likely to be wrecked in port.

be wrecked - त्रास हो जाना

But if the heavens and the elements are capable of causing us much pain and sorrow, there are two sides to a medal. And there was reserved for Professor Hardwigg a brilliant and sudden surprise which was to compensate him for all his sufferings.

sorrow - दुःख, उदासी, शोक, ग़म

Next day the sky was still overcast, but on Sunday, the 28th, the last day but two of the month, with a sudden change of wind and a new moon there came a change of weather. The sun poured its beaming rays to the very bottom of the crater.

Each hillock, every rock, every stone, every asperity of the soil had its share of the luminous effulgence, and its shadow fell heavily on the soil. Among others, to his insane delight, the shadow of Scartaris was marked and clear, and moved slowly with the radiant start of day.

hillock - टीला, ढूह, भीटा, छोटी पहाड़ी

asperity - कठोरता, कठिनाई, रूखापन

effulgence - उज्ज्वलता

insane - पागल, दीवाना

My uncle moved with it in a state of mental ecstasy.

ecstasy - अति आह्लाद, एक्सटेसी, परम आनंद

At twelve o'clock exactly, when the sun had attained its highest altitude for the day, the shadow fell upon the edge of the central pit!

altitude - ऊँचाई, ऊँचा स्थान

"Here it is," gasped the Professor in an agony of joy, "here it is-we have found it. Forward, my friends, into the Interior of the Earth."

gasped - चाहना, धक से रह जाना

agony - व्यथा, कष्ट

I looked curiously at Hans to see what reply he would make to this terrific announcement.

curiously - अजीब से

"Forut," said the guide tranquilly.

"Forward it is," answered my uncle, who was now in the seventh heaven of delight.

When we were quite ready, our watches indicated thirteen minutes past one!


Our real journey had now commenced. Hitherto our courage and determination had overcome all difficulties. We were fatigued at times; and that was all. Now we were about to encounter unknown and fearful dangers.

hitherto - अब तक, अभी तक

I had not as yet ventured to take a glimpse down the horrible abyss into which in a few minutes more I was about to plunge. The fatal moment had, however, at last arrived. I had still the option of refusing or accepting a share in this foolish and audacious enterprise. But I was ashamed to show more fear than the eider-duck hunter.

refusing - अग्राह्य करना, अस्वीकार करना

foolish - मूर्ख

Hans seemed to accept the difficulties of the journey so tranquilly, with such calm indifference, with such perfect recklessness of all danger, that I actually blushed to appear less of a man than he!

indifference - उदासीनता, उपेक्षा

recklessness - लापरवाही

blushed - शरम आना, लज्जा, शरमाना

Had I been alone with my uncle, I should certainly have sat down and argued the point fully; but in the presence of the guide I held my tongue. I gave one moment to the thought of my charming cousin, and then I advanced to the mouth of the central shaft.

shaft - अन्यायपूर्ण व्यवहार करना, बरछा

It measured about a hundred feet in diameter, which made about three hundred in circumference. I leaned over a rock which stood on its edge, and looked down. My hair stood on end, my teeth chattered, my limbs trembled. I seemed utterly to lose my centre of gravity, while my head was in a sort of whirl, like that of a drunken man.

diameter - व्यास

chattered - बकबक करना, गप्प लगाना, बकबक

whirl - घुमाव, चक्कर, घूमना

There is nothing more powerful than this attraction towards an abyss. I was about to fall headlong into the gaping well, when I was drawn back by a firm and powerful hand. It was that of Hans. I had not taken lessons enough at the Frelser's-Kirk of Copenhagen in the art of looking down from lofty eminences without blinking!

eminences - प्रतिष्ठा, उत्कृष्टता, एमिनेंस

blinking - टिमटिमाना, आँख झपकना, पलक झपकना

However, few as the minutes were during which I gazed down this tremendous and even wondrous shaft, I had a sufficient glimpse of it to give me some idea of its physical conformation. Its sides, which were almost as perpendicular as those of a well, presented numerous projections which doubtless would assist our descent.

conformation - अनुकूलता, अनुपालन, अनुरूपता

It was a sort of wild and savage staircase, without bannister or fence. A rope fastened above, near the surface, would certainly support our weight and enable us to reach the bottom, but how, when we had arrived at its utmost depth, were we to loosen it above? This was, I thought, a question of some importance.

bannister - जंगला

utmost - अत्यधिक, अंतिम

loosen - ढीला करना

My uncle, however, was one of those men who are nearly always prepared with expedients. He hit upon a very simple method of obviating this difficulty. He unrolled a cord about as thick as my thumb, and at least four hundred feet in length. He allowed about half of it to go down the pit and catch in a hitch over a great block of lava which stood on the edge of the precipice.

expedients - व्यावहारिक, योग्य, उपाय

obviating - निराकरण करना, जरूरी न समझना

unrolled - खोलना, खुलना

cord - डोरी, बिजली का तार

Hitch - ऊपर उठाना, झटका/धक्का/अटकाव

precipice - खड़ी चट्टान, खतरनाक स्थिति, संकट

This done, he threw the second half after the first.

Each of us could now descend by catching the two cords in one hand. When about two hundred feet below, all the explorer had to do was to let go one end and pull away at the other, when the cord would come falling at his feet. In order to go down farther, all that was necessary was to continue the same operation.

cords - डोरी, बिजली का तार

explorer - अन्वेषक, गवेक्षक

This was a very excellent proposition, and no doubt, a correct one. Going down appeared to me easy enough; it was the coming up again that now occupied my thoughts.

"Now," said my uncle, as soon as he had completed this important preparation, "let us see about the baggage. It must be divided into three separate parcels, and each of us must carry one on his back. I allude to the more important and fragile articles."

My worthy and ingenious uncle did not appear to consider that we came under the denomination.

denomination - नाम, संप्रदाय, मूल्यवर्ग

"Hans," he continued, "you will take charge of the tools and some of the provisions; you, Harry, must take possession of another third of the provisions and of the arms. I will load myself with the rest of the eatables, and with the more delicate instruments."

eatables - खाने योग्य, आहार, खाद्य/भक्ष्य

more delicate - सुंदर तेजी से

"But," I exclaimed, "our clothes, this mass of cord and ladders-who will undertake to carry them down?"

exclaimed - चिल्लाना, चिल्लाकर कहना

"They will go down of themselves."

"And how so?" I asked.

"You shall see."

My uncle was not fond of half measures, nor did he like anything in the way of hesitation. Giving his orders to Hans he had the whole of the nonfragile articles made up into one bundle; and the packet, firmly and solidly fastened, was simply pitched over the edge of the gulf.

bundle - गठरी, गड्डी

solidly - बिना रुके, लगातार, एकता के साथ

I heard the moaning of the suddenly displaced air, and the noise of falling stones. My uncle leaning over the abyss followed the descent of his luggage with a perfectly self-satisfied air, and did not rise until it had completely disappeared from sight.

moaning - कराहना, शिकायत करना, शोक करना

"Now then," he cried, "it is our turn."

I put it in good faith to any man of common sense-was it possible to hear this energetic cry without a shudder?

shudder - हिलना, रोंगटे खड़े कर देना

The Professor fastened his case of instruments on his back. Hans took charge of the tools, I of the arms. The descent then commenced in the following order: Hans went first, my uncle followed, and I went last. Our progress was made in profound silence-a silence only troubled by the fall of pieces of rock, which breaking from the jagged sides, fell with a roar into the depths below.

roar - गरजना, चिल्लाना, शोरगुल

I allowed myself to slide, so to speak, holding frantically on the double cord with one hand and with the other keeping myself off the rocks by the assistance of my iron-shod pole. One idea was all the time impressed upon my brain. I feared that the upper support would fail me. The cord appeared to me far too fragile to bear the weight of three such persons as we were, with our luggage.

frantically - पागलपन से, व्यग्रतापूर्वक

I made as little use of it as possible, trusting to my own agility and doing miracles in the way of feats of dexterity and strength upon the projecting shelves and spurs of lava which my feet seemed to clutch as strongly as my hands.

dexterity - निपुणता, दक्षता, चुस्ती

spurs - प्रेरित करना

clutch - पकड़ना

The guide went first, I have said, and when one of the slippery and frail supports broke from under his feet he had recourse to his usual monosyllabic way of speaking.

slippery - रपटीला, फिसलाऊ

recourse - शरण, सहारा, साधन

monosyllabic - एकाक्षरीय, एकाक्षरी, अल्पभाषी

"Gif akt-"

Gif - संकुचित किया हुआ छायाचित्र

"Attention-look out," repeated my uncle.

In about half an hour we reached a kind of small terrace formed by a fragment of rock projecting some distance from the sides of the shaft.

terrace - बरामदा

Hans now began to haul upon the cord on one side only, the other going as quietly upward as the other came down. It fell at last, bringing with it a shower of small stones, lava and dust, a disagreeable kind of rain or hail.

haul - ढोना

upward - ऊपर का, ऊपर, महँगाई की ओर

While we were seated on this extraordinary bench I ventured once more to look downwards. With a sigh I discovered that the bottom was still wholly invisible. Were we, then, going direct to the interior of the earth?

The performance with the cord recommenced, and a quarter of an hour later we had reached to the depth of another two hundred feet.

recommenced - फिर से आरम्भ करना, शुरू करना

I have very strong doubts if the most determined geologist would, during that descent, have studied the nature of the different layers of earth around him. I did not trouble my head much about the matter; whether we were among the combustible carbon, Silurians, or primitive soil, I neither knew nor cared to know.

most determined - सबसे निर्धारित

geologist - भूवैज्ञानिक

primitive - साधारण, आदिम, प्राचीन

Not so the inveterate Professor. He must have taken notes all the way down, for, at one of our halts, he began a brief lecture.

inveterate - पुराना, अभ्यस्त, पक्का

"The farther we advance," said he, "the greater is my confidence in the result. The disposition of these volcanic strata absolutely confirms the theories of Sir Humphry Davy. We are still within the region of the primordial soil, the soil in which took place the chemical operation of metals becoming inflamed by coming in contact with the air and water.

primordial - आदियुगीन, आदिम, प्रारम्भिक

inflamed - प्रज्वलित करना, बिगड़ना, भड़काना

I at once regret the old and now forever exploded theory of a central fire. At all events, we shall soon know the truth."

Such was the everlasting conclusion to which he came. I, however, was very far from being in humor to discuss the matter. I had something else to think of. My silence was taken for consent; and still we continued to go down.

everlasting - चिरस्थायी, अनन्त

At the expiration of three hours, we were, to all appearance, as far off as ever from the bottom of the well. When I looked upwards, however, I could see that the upper orifice was every minute decreasing in size. The sides of the shaft were getting closer and closer together, we were approaching the regions of eternal night!

expiration - समाप्ति, मृत्यु, अवसान

And still we continued to descend!

At length, I noticed that when pieces of stone were detached from the sides of this stupendous precipice, they were swallowed up with less noise than before. The final sound was sooner heard. We were approaching the bottom of the abyss!

detached - भेज देना, काटना, अलग होना

final sound - अंतिम ध्वनि

As I had been very careful to keep account of all the changes of cord which took place, I was able to tell exactly what was the depth we had reached, as well as the time it had taken.

We had shifted the rope twenty-eight times, each operation taking a quarter of an hour, which in all made seven hours. To this had to be added twenty-eight pauses; in all ten hours and a half. We started at one, it was now, therefore, about eleven o'clock at night.

It does not require great knowledge of arithmetic to know that twenty-eight times two hundred feet makes five thousand six hundred feet in all (more than an English mile).

While I was making this mental calculation a voice broke the silence. It was the voice of Hans.

"Halt!" he cried.

I checked myself very suddenly, just at the moment when I was about to kick my uncle on the head.

"We have reached the end of our journey," said the worthy Professor in a satisfied tone.

"What, the interior of the earth?" said I, slipping down to his side.

"No, you stupid fellow! but we have reached the bottom of the well."

"And I suppose there is no farther progress to be made?" I hopefully exclaimed.

"Oh, yes, I can dimly see a sort of tunnel, which turns off obliquely to the right. At all events, we must see about that tomorrow. Let us sup now, and seek slumber as best we may."

obliquely - तिरछा, टेढ़ा

sup - घूँट, थोड़ा थोड़ा करके पीना

slumber - सोना, अल्पनिद्रा, नींद

I thought it time, but made no observations on that point. I was fairly launched on a desperate course, and all I had to do was to go forward hopefully and trustingly.

trustingly - विश्वासपूर्वक

It was not even now quite dark, the light filtering down in a most extraordinary manner.

We opened the provision bag, ate a frugal supper, and each did his best to find a bed amid the pile of stones, dirt, and lava which had accumulated for ages at the bottom of the shaft.

I happened to grope out the pile of ropes, ladders, and clothes which we had thrown down; and upon them I stretched myself. After such a day's labor, my rough bed seemed as soft as down!

grope - टटोलना, ज़बर्दस्ती छूना

thrown down - नीचे फेंक दिया

For a while I lay in a sort of pleasant trance.

trance - भाव समाधि

Presently, after lying quietly for some minutes, I opened my eyes and looked upwards. As I did so I made out a brilliant little dot, at the extremity of this long, gigantic telescope.

extremity - चरम सीमा, पराकाष्ठा, अग्रांग

telescope - दूरबीन

It was a star without scintillating rays. According to my calculation, it must be Beta in the constellation of the Little Bear.

scintillating - चमकना

beta - बीटा

constellation - तारामंडल, नक्षत्र, बुर्ज

After this little bit of astronomical recreation, I dropped into a sound sleep.

astronomical - बहुत ऊँचा, बहुत बड़ा, खगोलीय

recreation - मनबहलाव, मनोरंजन, विश्राम, विहार


At eight o'clock the next morning, a faint kind of dawn of day awoke us. The thousand and one prisms of the lava collected the light as it passed and brought it to us like a shower of sparks.

We were able with ease to see objects around us.

"Well, Harry, my boy," cried the delighted Professor, rubbing his hands together, "what say you now? Did you ever pass a more tranquil night in our house in the Konigstrasse? No deafening sounds of cart wheels, no cries of hawkers, no bad language from boatmen or watermen!"

deafening - कानफोड़ू, (deafen) कानफोड़ू

cart - छकड़ा गाड़ी, गाड़ी

hawkers - फेरी वाला, फेरीवाला

watermen - नाविक

"Well, Uncle, we are quite at the bottom of this well-but to me there is something terrible in this calm."

"Why," said the Professor hotly, "one would say you were already beginning to be afraid. How will you get on presently? Do you know, that as yet, we have not penetrated one inch into the bowels of the earth."

hotly - उत्तेजनापूर्वक, गुस्से से

penetrated - समझना, घुसना, काम करना

"What can you mean, sir?" was my bewildered and astonished reply.

"I mean to say that we have only just reached the soil of the island itself. This long vertical tube, which ends at the bottom of the crater of Sneffels, ceases here just about on a level with the sea."

"Are you sure, sir?"

"Quite sure. Consult the barometer."

It was quite true that the mercury, after rising gradually in the instrument, as long as our descent was taking place, had stopped precisely at twenty-nine degrees.

mercury - पारा, पारद

"You perceive," said the Professor, "we have as yet only to endure the pressure of air. I am curious to replace the barometer by the manometer."

The barometer, in fact, was about to become useless-as soon as the weight of the air was greater than what was calculated as above the level of the ocean.

"But," said I, "is it not very much to be feared that this ever-increasing pressure may not in the end turn out very painful and inconvenient?"

inconvenient - असुविधाजनक, असुविधापूर्ण

"No," said he. "We shall descend very slowly, and our lungs will be gradually accustomed to breathe compressed air. It is well known that aeronauts have gone so high as to be nearly without air at all-why, then, should we not accustom ourselves to breathe when we have, say, a little too much of it? For myself, I am certain I shall prefer it. Let us not lose a moment.

accustom - आदी बना करना, साधना

Where is the packet which preceded us in our descent?"

I smilingly pointed it out to my uncle. Hans had not seen it, and believed it caught somewhere above us: "Huppe" as he phrased it.

smilingly - मुस्कुराते हुए

"Now," said my uncle, "let us breakfast, and break fast like people who have a long day's work before them."

Biscuit and dried meat, washed down by some mouthfuls of water flavored with Schiedam, was the material of our luxurious meal.

dried meat - सूखी मांस

mouthfuls - कौर/ग्रास

flavored - झलक, स्वाद, स्वाद लाना, गंध

luxurious - शानदार, आरामदेह, भव्य

As soon as it was finished, my uncle took from his pocket a notebook destined to be filled by memoranda of our travels. He had already placed his instruments in order, and this is what he wrote:

memoranda - मेमोरांडा

Monday, June 29th

Chronometer, 8h. 17m. morning.

Barometer, 29.6 inches.

Thermometer, 6 degrees [43 degrees Fahr.]

Fahr - फाहर

Direction, E.S.E.

This last observation referred to the obscure gallery, and was indicated to us by the compass.

"Now, Harry," cried the Professor, in an enthusiastic tone of voice, "we are truly about to take our first step into the Interior of the Earth; never before visited by man since the first creation of the world. You may consider, therefore, that at this precise moment our travels really commence."

As my uncle made this remark, he took in one hand the Ruhmkorff coil apparatus, which hung round his neck, and with the other he put the electric current into communication with the worm of the lantern. And a bright light at once illumined that dark and gloomy tunnel!

electric current - विद्युत धारा

The effect was magical!

Hans, who carried the second apparatus, had it also put into operation. This ingenious application of electricity to practical purposes enabled us to move along by the light of an artificial day, amid even the flow of the most inflammable and combustible gases.

inflammable - उत्तेजनशील, ज्वलनशील, ज्वलंतशील

"Forward!" cried my uncle. Each took up his burden. Hans went first, my uncle followed, and I going third, we entered the somber gallery!

Just as we were about to engulf ourselves in this dismal passage, I lifted up my head, and through the tubelike shaft saw that Iceland sky I was never to see again!

engulf - निगल लेना, परिग्रहणअना

tubelike - नलिकाकार

Was it the last I should ever see of any sky?

The stream of lava flowing from the bowels of the earth in 1219 had forced itself a passage through the tunnel. It lined the whole of the inside with its thick and brilliant coating. The electric light added very greatly to the brilliancy of the effect.

brilliancy - shining quality

The great difficulty of our journey now began. How were we to prevent ourselves from slipping down the steeply inclined plane? Happily some cracks, abrasures of the soil, and other irregularities, served the place of steps; and we descended slowly; allowing our heavy luggage to slip on before, at the end of a long cord.

steeply - गहराई से, सीधी चढ़ाई में

irregularities - अनियमितता

But that which served as steps under our feet became in other places stalactites. The lava, very porous in certain places, took the form of little round blisters. Crystals of opaque quartz, adorned with limpid drops of natural glass suspended to the roof like lusters, seemed to take fire as we passed beneath them.

stalactites - पत्थर का अवरोही निक्षेप

blisters - छाला पड़ना, कटु आलोचना करना

Quartz - क्वार्टज़, स्फटिक

adorned - सजाना, सुशोभित करना

limpid - स्वच्छ

lusters - चमक

One would have fancied that the genii of romance were illuminating their underground palaces to receive the sons of men.

illuminating - प्रकाशयुक्त करना

"Magnificent, glorious!" I cried in a moment of involuntary enthusiasm, "What a spectacle, Uncle! Do you not admire these variegated shades of lava, which run through a whole series of colors, from reddish brown to pale yellow-by the most insensible degrees? And these crystals, they appear like luminous globes."

involuntary - अनिच्छा से होने वाला, अस्वैच्छिक

variegated - रंग बिरंगा करना

"You are beginning to see the charms of travel, Master Harry," cried my uncle. "Wait a bit, until we advance farther. What we have as yet discovered is nothing-onwards, my boy, onwards!"

onwards - आगे, आगे बढता हुआ, बढ़ते हुए

It would have been a far more correct and appropriate expression, had he said, "let us slide," for we were going down an inclined plane with perfect ease. The compass indicated that we were moving in a southeasterly direction. The flow of lava had never turned to the right or the left. It had the inflexibility of a straight line.

more correct - और सही

southeasterly - दक्षिण पूर्वी

inflexibility - कठोरता, कड़ापन

Nevertheless, to my surprise, we found no perceptible increase in heat. This proved the theories of Humphry Davy to be founded on truth, and more than once I found myself examining the thermometer in silent astonishment.

Two hours after our departure it only marked fifty-four degrees Fahrenheit. I had every reason to believe from this that our descent was far more horizontal than vertical. As for discovering the exact depth to which we had attained, nothing could be easier. The Professor as he advanced measured the angles of deviation and inclination; but he kept the result of his observations to himself.

Fahrenheit - temperature scale

more horizontal - अधिक क्षैतिज

About eight o'clock in the evening, my uncle gave the signal for halting. Hans seated himself on the ground. The lamps were hung to fissures in the lava rock. We were now in a large cavern where air was not wanting. On the contrary, it abounded. What could be the cause of this-to what atmospheric agitation could be ascribed this draught?

cavern - कंदरा, बड़ी गुफा

abounded - फटा पड़ना, बहुतायात से होना

agitation - उत्तेजना, अकुला, आंदोलन, हिलाना

ascribed - देना, के लिए उत्तरदायी ठहराना

draught - वायु का झोंका, झोंका, घूँट

But this was a question which I did not care to discuss just then. Fatigue and hunger made me incapable of reasoning. An unceasing march of seven hours had not been kept up without great exhaustion. I was really and truly worn out; and delighted enough I was to hear the word Halt.

incapable - अक्षम, अयोग्य, असमर्थ

unceasing - अनवरत, लगातार/निरन्तर, अविरत

Hans laid out some provisions on a lump of lava, and we each supped with keen relish. One thing, however, caused us great uneasiness-our water reserve was already half exhausted. My uncle had full confidence in finding subterranean resources, but hitherto we had completely failed in so doing. I could not help calling my uncle's attention to the circumstance.

supped - घूँट, थोड़ा थोड़ा करके पीना

relish - स्वाद, जोश, उत्साह, मजा लेना

uneasiness - बेचैनी, व्याकुलता, चिन्ता

"And you are surprised at this total absence of springs?" he said.

"Doubtless-I am very uneasy on the point. We have certainly not enough water to last us five days."

uneasy - व्याकुल

"Be quite easy on that matter," continued my uncle. "I answer for it we shall find plenty of water-in fact, far more than we shall want."

"But when?"

"When we once get through this crust of lava. How can you expect springs to force their way through these solid stone walls?"

"But what is there to prove that this concrete mass of lava does not extend to the centre of the earth? I don't think we have as yet done much in a vertical way."

"What puts that into your head, my boy?" asked my uncle mildly.

"Well, it appears to me that if we had descended very far below the level of the sea-we should find it rather hotter than we have."

"According to your system," said my uncle; "but what does the thermometer say?"

"Scarcely fifteen degrees by Reaumur, which is only an increase of nine since our departure."

Reaumur - रोमोर

"Well, and what conclusion does that bring you to?" inquired the Professor.

"The deduction I draw from this is very simple. According to the most exact observations, the augmentation of the temperature of the interior of the earth is one degree for every hundred feet. But certain local causes may considerably modify this figure. Thus at Yakoust in Siberia, it has been remarked that the heat increases a degree every thirty-six feet.

deduction - घटाना, घटाव, कटौती, निगमन

most exact - सबसे ठीक

augmentation - वृद्धि

Siberia - साइबेरिया

The difference evidently depends on the conductibility of certain rocks. In the neighborhood of an extinct volcano, it has been remarked that the elevation of temperature was only one degree in every five-and-twenty feet. Let us, then, go upon this calculation-which is the most favorable-and calculate."

conductibility - प्रवाहशीलता

elevation - ऊँचा स्थान, उन्नति, ऊँचाई

"Calculate away, my boy."

"Nothing easier," said I, pulling out my notebook and pencil. "Nine times one hundred and twenty-five feet make a depth of eleven hundred and twenty-five feet."

"Archimedes could not have spoken more geometrically."


"Well, according to my observations, we are at least ten thousand feet below the level of the sea."

"Can it be possible?"

"Either my calculation is correct, or there is no truth in figures."

The calculations of the Professor were perfectly correct. We were already six thousand feet deeper down in the bowels of the earth than anyone had ever been before. The lowest known depth to which man had hitherto penetrated was in the mines of Kitzbuhel, in the Tirol, and those of Wurttemberg.

Tirol - टाइरोल

The temperature, which should have been eighty-one, was in this place only fifteen. This was a matter for serious consideration.


The next day was Tuesday, the 30th of June-and at six o'clock in the morning we resumed our journey.

We still continued to follow the gallery of lava, a perfect natural pathway, as easy of descent as some of those inclined planes which, in very old German houses, serve the purpose of staircases. This went on until seventeen minutes past twelve, the precise instant at which we rejoined Hans, who, having been somewhat in advance, had suddenly stopped.

staircases - सीढ़ियाँ, ज़ीना, सीढ़ी

rejoined - प्रत्युत्तर देना, फिर मिलाना

"At last," cried my uncle, "we have reached the end of the shaft."

I looked wonderingly about me. We were in the centre of four cross paths-somber and narrow tunnels. The question now arose as to which it was wise to take; and this of itself was no small difficulty.

wonderingly - प्रश्नात्मक ढंग से

My uncle, who did not wish to appear to have any hesitation about the matter before myself or the guide, at once made up his mind. He pointed quietly to the eastern tunnel; and, without delay, we entered within its gloomy recesses.

recesses - खाली जगह, आला, विश्राम, अवकाश

Besides, had he entertained any feeling of hesitation it might have been prolonged indefinitely, for there was no indication by which to determine on a choice. It was absolutely necessary to trust to chance and good fortune!

prolonged - लंबा, दीर्घकालीन

The descent of this obscure and narrow gallery was very gradual and winding. Sometimes we gazed through a succession of arches, its course very like the aisles of a Gothic cathedral. The great artistic sculptors and builders of the Middle Ages might have here completed their studies with advantage. Many most beautiful and suggestive ideas of architectural beauty would have been discovered by them.

arches - मुख्य, धूर्ततापूर्ण, नटखट, वक्र

aisles - गली, गलियारा, पार्श्व भाग

Gothic - असभ्य, गथिक भाषा संबंधी

cathedral - बड़ा गिरजा

sculptors - मूर्तिकार, स्कल्प्टर तारामण्डल

builders - विकसित करने वाला, बिल्डर

suggestive - जताने वाला, जताने वाला

After passing through this phase of the cavernous way, we suddenly came, about a mile farther on, upon a square system of arch, adopted by the early Romans, projecting from the solid rock, and keeping up the weight of the roof.

cavernous - गुफ़ानुमा, कंदरावत्

arch - मेहराब

Romans - प्राचीन रोमवासी

Suddenly we would come upon a series of low subterranean tunnels which looked like beaver holes, or the work of foxes-through whose narrow and winding ways we had literally to crawl!

beaver - ऊदबिलाव

foxes - लोमड़ी का चर्म

The heat still remained at quite a supportable degree. With an involuntary shudder, I reflected on what the heat must have been when the volcano of Sneffels was pouring its smoke, flames, and streams of boiling lava-all of which must have come up by the road we were now following.

I could imagine the torrents of hot seething stone darting on, bubbling up with accompaniments of smoke, steam, and sulphurous stench!

darting - चुन्नट, (**), बर्छी, झपट्टा

accompaniments - साथ, संगत, {संगीत संबंधी)संगत

sulphurous - कटु आलोचनापूर्ण, घुटन भरा, गंधकी

stench - दुर्गंध, दुर्गन्ध

"Only to think of the consequences," I mused, "if the old volcano were once more to set to work."

mused - विचार करना, प्रेरक शक्ति

I did not communicate these rather unpleasant reflections to my uncle. He not only would not have understood them, but would have been intensely disgusted. His only idea was to go ahead. He walked, he slid, he clambered over piles of fragments, he rolled down heaps of broken lava, with an earnestness and conviction it was impossible not to admire.

intensely - उत्कटता से, तीव्रता से

disgusted - गुस्सा, घृणा करना, घृणा

earnestness - गंभीरता, ईमानदारी

At six o'clock in the evening, after a very wearisome journey, but one not so fatiguing as before, we had made six miles towards the southward, but had not gone more than a mile downwards.

southward - दक्षिण की ओर, दक्षिण दिशा

My uncle, as usual, gave the signal to halt. We ate our meal in thoughtful silence, and then retired to sleep.

Our arrangements for the night were very primitive and simple. A traveling rug, in which each rolled himself, was all our bedding. We had no necessity to fear cold or any unpleasant visit.

rug - ग़ालीचा, दरी

Travelers who bury themselves in the wilds and depths of the African desert, who seek profit and pleasure in the forests of the New World, are compelled to take it in turn to watch during the hours of sleep; but in this region of the earth absolute solitude and complete security reigned supreme.

solitude - एकांत, विरानी, अकेलापन, खिलवत

We had nothing to fear either from savages or from wild beasts.

savages - असभ्य, दुष्ट, तीव्र, काटना

After a night's sweet repose, we awoke fresh and ready for action. There being nothing to detain us, we started on our journey. We continued to burrow through the lava tunnel as before. It was impossible to make out through what soil we were making way. The tunnel, moreover, instead of going down into the bowels of the earth, became absolutely horizontal.

burrow - खोदना, बिल, बिल खोदना, माँद

I even thought, after some examination, that we were actually tending upwards. About ten o'clock in the day this state of things became so clear that, finding the change very fatiguing, I was obliged to slacken my pace and finally come to a halt.

slacken - कम करना, घटाना, धीमा करना

"Well," said the Professor quickly, "what is the matter?"

"The fact is, I am dreadfully tired," was my earnest reply.

dreadfully - बहुत अधिक, बहुत अधिक

"What," cried my uncle, "tired after a three hours'walk, and by so easy a road?"

"Easy enough, I dare say, but very fatiguing."

"But how can that be, when all we have to do is to go downwards."

"I beg your pardon, sir. For some time I have noticed that we are going upwards."

"Upwards," cried my uncle, shrugging his shoulders, "how can that be?"

"There can be no doubt about it. For the last half hour the slopes have been upward-and if we go on in this way much longer we shall find ourselves back in Iceland."

My uncle shook his head with the air of a man who does not want to be convinced. I tried to continue the conversation. He would not answer me, but once more gave the signal for departure. His silence I thought was only caused by concentrated ill-temper.

temper - लचकीला बनाना, कम करना, गुस्सा

However this might be, I once more took up my load, and boldly and resolutely followed Hans, who was now in advance of my uncle. I did not like to be beaten or even distanced. I was naturally anxious not to lose sight of my companions. The very idea of being left behind, lost in that terrible labyrinth, made me shiver as with the ague.

boldly - निडरतापूर्वक

shiver - कांपना, सिहरना

ague - intermittent fever

Besides, if the ascending path was more arduous and painful to clamber, I had one source of secret consolation and delight. It was to all appearance taking us back to the surface of the earth. That of itself was hopeful. Every step I took confirmed me in my belief, and I began already to build castles in the air in relation to my marriage with my pretty little cousin.

arduous - कठिन, दुष्कर, श्रमसाध्य

clamber - हाथ पैर के बल कठिनाई से चढ़ना

consolation - संतना

build castles in the air - आसमान में किले बनाना

About twelve o'clock there was a great and sudden change in the aspect of the rocky sides of the gallery. I first noticed it from the diminution of the rays of light which cast back the reflection of the lamp. From being coated with shining and resplendent lava, it became living rock. The sides were sloping walls, which sometimes became quite vertical.

diminution - कमी, ह्रास, अल्पीकरण, टौती

resplendent - चमकीला, दीप्त, दमकता हुआ

We were now in what the geological professors call a state of transition, in the period of Silurian stones, so called because this specimen of early formation is very common in England in the counties formerly inhabited by the Celtic nation known as Silures.

Silurian - of period from 439 to 409 million years ago

inhabited - निवास करना, बसना, में निवास करना

Celtic - केल्ट भाषा, केल्ट भाषा

"I can see clearly now," I cried; "the sediment from the waters which once covered the whole earth formed during the second period of its existence these schists and these calcareous rocks. We are turning our backs on the granite rocks, and are like people from Hamburg who would go to Lubeck by way of Hanover."

sediment - अवसाद, तलछट

calcareous - resembling or containing limestone

Hanover - British royal family

I might just as well have kept my observations to myself. My geological enthusiasm got the better, however, of my cooler judgment, and Professor Hardwigg heard my observations.

judgment - विचार, जाँच, समझ, विवेक, अनुमान

"What is the matter now?" he said, in a tone of great gravity.

"Well," cried I, "do you not see these different layers of calcareous rocks and the first indication of slate strata?"

slate - स्लेट पत्थर

"Well; what then?"

"We have arrived at that period of the world's existence when the first plants and the first animals made their appearance."

"You think so?"

"Yes, look; examine and judge for yourself."

I induced the Professor with some difficulty to cast the light of his lamp on the sides of the long winding gallery. I expected some exclamation to burst from his lips. I was very much mistaken. The worthy Professor never spoke a word.

exclamation - विस्मयादिबोधक, विस्मयसूच्हक

It was impossible to say whether he understood me or not. Perhaps it was possible that in his pride-my uncle and a learned professor-he did not like to own that he was wrong in having chosen the eastern tunnel, or was he determined at any price to go to the end of it?

It was quite evident we had left the region of lava, and that the road by which we were going could not take us back to the great crater of Mount Sneffels.

As we went along I could not help ruminating on the whole question, and asked myself if I did not lay too great a stress on these sudden and peculiar modifications of the earth's crust.

ruminating - विचार करना, जुगाली करना

earth's crust - भूमिका

After all, I was very likely to be mistaken-and it was within the range of probability and possibility that we were not making our way through the strata of rocks which I believed I recognized piled on the lower layer of granitic formation.

granitic - of, pertaining to

"At all events, if I am right," I thought to myself, "I must certainly find some remains of primitive plants, and it will be absolutely necessary to give way to such indubitable evidence. Let us have a good search."

indubitable - संदेहहीन, दुबिधाहीन, दुविधाहीन

I accordingly lost no opportunity of searching, and had not gone more than about a hundred yards, when the evidence I sought for cropped up in the most incontestable manner before my eyes. It was quite natural that I should expect to find these signs, for during the Silurian period the seas contained no fewer than fifteen hundred different animal and vegetable species.

most incontestable - अत्याधुनिक

My feet, so long accustomed to the hard and arid lava soil, suddenly found themselves treading on a kind of soft dust, the remains of plants and shells.

treading - ट्रेडिंग, (tread) ट्रेडिंग

Upon the walls themselves I could clearly make out the outline, as plain as a sun picture, of the fucus and the lycopods. The worthy and excellent Professor Hardwigg could not of course make any mistake about the matter; but I believe he deliberately closed his eyes, and continued on his way with a firm and unalterable step.

fucus - फूकस

unalterable - अपरिवर्तनीय, अटल

I began to think that he was carrying his obstinacy a great deal too far. I could no longer act with prudence or composure. I stooped on a sudden and picked up an almost perfect shell, which had undoubtedly belonged to some animal very much resembling some of the present day. Having secured the prize, I followed in the wake of my uncle.

obstinacy - ज़िद

prudence - समझदारी, सावधानी, बुद्धिमानी

composure - आत्मसंयम, धैर्य

"Do you see this?" I said.

"Well, said the Professor, with the most imperturbable tranquillity, "it is the shell of a crustaceous animal of the extinct order of the trilobites; nothing more, I assure you."

"But," cried I, much troubled at his coolness, "do you draw no conclusion from it?"

coolness - शान्ति, धैर्य, रूखापन, शीतकता

"Well, if I may ask, what conclusion do you draw from it yourself?"

"Well, I thought-"

"I know, my boy, what you would say, and you are right, perfectly and incontestably right. We have finally abandoned the crust of lava and the road by which the lava ascended. It is quite possible that I may have been mistaken, but I shall be unable to discover my error until I get to the end of this gallery."

incontestably - निर्विवाद रूप से

"You are quite right as far as that is concerned," I replied, "and I should highly approve of your decision, if we had not to fear the greatest of all dangers."

"And what is that?"

"Want of water."

"Well, my dear Henry, It can't be helped. We must put ourselves on rations."

It can't be helped - यह बदला नहीं जा सकता।

rations - हिस्सा, भोजन

And on he went.


In truth, we were compelled to put ourselves upon rations. Our supply would certainly last not more than three days. I found this out about supper time. The worst part of the matter was that, in what is called the transition rocks, it was hardly to be expected we should meet with water!

I had read of the horrors of thirst, and I knew that where we were, a brief trial of its sufferings would put an end to our adventures-and our lives! But it was utterly useless to discuss the matter with my uncle. He would have answered by some axiom from Plato.

thirst - प्यास, तृष्णा, पिपासा, तृषा

axiom - अभिगृहीत, स्वयंसिद्ध

Plato - Greek philosopher

During the whole of next day we proceeded on our journey through this interminable gallery, arch after arch, tunnel after tunnel. We journeyed without exchanging a word. We had become as mute and reticent as Hans, our guide.

mute - मूक

reticent - चुप्पा, कम बोलने वाला

The road had no longer an upward tendency; at all events, if it had, it was not to be made out very clearly. Sometimes there could be no doubt that we were going downwards.

But this inclination was scarcely to be distinguished, and was by no means reassuring to the Professor, because the character of the strata was in no wise modified, and the transition character of the rocks became more and more marked.

It was a glorious sight to see how the electric light brought out the sparkles in the walls of the calcareous rocks, and the old red sandstone. One might have fancied oneself in one of those deep cuttings in Devonshire, which have given their name to this kind of soil.

sparkles - चमक, जोश, चमकना, जीवंतता

cuttings - कटु, तीखा, कलम, कतरन, उपमार्ग

Some magnificent specimens of marble projected from the sides of the gallery: some of an agate grey with white veins of variegated character, others of a yellow spotted color, with red veins; farther off might be seen samples of color in which cherry-tinted seams were to be found in all their brightest shades.

marble - संगमरमर

agate - सुलेमानी पत्थर, अकीक, गोमेद

cherry - आलूबालू, ओलची, गिलास

tinted - , हलका रंग, खिजाब, रंगत

seams - परत, सन्धि, सीवन जोड़, सीवन

The greater number of these marbles were stamped with the marks of primitive animals. Since the previous evening, nature and creation had made considerable progress. Instead of the rudimentary trilobites, I perceived the remains of a more perfect order. Among others, the fish in which the eye of a geologist has been able to discover the first form of the reptile.

marbles - कंचा, सगंमरमर

rudimentary - प्रारंभिक, अल्पविकसित, मूलभूत

reptile - सर्पणशील, सरीसृप

The Devonian seas were inhabited by a vast number of animals of this species, which were deposited in tens of thousands in the rocks of new formation.

Devonian - of period from 415 to 360 million years ago

It was quite evident to me that we were ascending the scale of animal life of which man forms the summit. My excellent uncle, the Professor, appeared not to take notice of these warnings. He was determined at any risk to proceed.

warnings - चेतावनीपूर्ण, चेतावनी, धमकी

He must have been in expectation of one of two things; either that a vertical well was about to open under his feet, and thus allow him to continue his descent, or that some insurmountable obstacle would compel us to stop and go back by the road we had so long traveled. But evening came again, and, to my horror, neither hope was doomed to be realized!

On Friday, after a night when I began to feel the gnawing agony of thirst, and when in consequence appetite decreased, our little band rose and once more followed the turnings and windings, the ascents and descents, of this interminable gallery. All were silent and gloomy. I could see that even my uncle had ventured too far.

gnawing - चिंताजनक, (gnaw), कुतरना

ascents - आरोहण, चढ़ाव् अ, चढ़ाई

After about ten hours of further progress-a progress dull and monotonous to the last degree-I remarked that the reverberation, and reflection of our lamps upon the sides of the tunnel, had singularly diminished. The marble, the schist, the calcareous rocks, the red sandstone, had disappeared, leaving in their places a dark and gloomy wall, somber and without brightness.

reverberation - गूँज, प्रतिध्वनि

schist - crystalline foliated rock

brightness - चमक

When we reached a remarkably narrow part of the tunnel, I leaned my left hand against the rock.

When I took my hand away, and happened to glance at it, it was quite black. We had reached the coal strata of the Central Earth.

"A coal mine!" I cried.

"A coal mine without miners," responded my uncle, a little severely.

"How can we tell?"

"I can tell," replied my uncle, in a sharp and doctorial tone. "I am perfectly certain that this gallery through successive layers of coal was not cut by the hand of man. But whether it is the work of nature or not is of little concern to us. The hour for our evening meal has come-let us sup."

evening meal - सांझ भोजन

Hans, the guide, occupied himself in preparing food. I had come to that point when I could no longer eat. All I cared about were the few drops of water which fell to my share. What I suffered it is useless to record. The guide's gourd, not quite half full, was all that was left for us three!

gourd - कद्दू वर्गीय सब्ज़ी, अलाबू

Having finished their repast, my two companions laid themselves down upon their rugs, and found in sleep a remedy for their fatigue and sufferings. As for me, I could not sleep, I lay counting the hours until morning.

rugs - कंबल, कालीन, कम्बल, गलीचा

The next morning, Saturday, at six o'clock, we started again. Twenty minutes later we suddenly came upon a vast excavation. From its mighty extent I saw at once that the hand of man could have had nothing to do with this coal mine; the vault above would have fallen in; as it was, it was only held together by some miracle of nature.

excavation - खोखलापन, खुदाई, उत्खनन स्थल

This mighty natural cavern was about a hundred feet wide, by about a hundred and fifty high. The earth had evidently been cast apart by some violent subterranean commotion. The mass, giving way to some prodigious upheaving of nature, had split in two, leaving the vast gap into which we inhabitants of the earth had penetrated for the first time.

commotion - हो हल्ला, हंगामा, हलचल, खलबल

upheaving - ज़ोर लगा कर उठाअना

The whole singular history of the coal period was written on those dark and gloomy walls. A geologist would have been able easily to follow the different phases of its formation. The seams of coal were separated by strata of sandstone, a compact clay, which appeared to be crushed down by the weight from above.

compact - गठा हुआ

clay - मृत्तिका, चिकनी मिट्टी

At that period of the world which preceded the secondary epoch, the earth was covered by a coating of enormous and rich vegetation, due to the double action of tropical heat and perpetual humidity. A vast atmospheric cloud of vapor surrounded the earth on all sides, preventing the rays of the sun from ever reaching it.

perpetual - निरन्तर, शाश्वत, चिरस्थायी

humidity - नम, नमी, आर्द्रता, गीलापन

Hence the conclusion that these intense heats did not arise from this new source of caloric.

caloric - ऊष्मीय

Perhaps even the star of day was not quite ready for its brilliant work-to illumine a universe. Climates did not as yet exist, and a level heat pervaded the whole surface of the globe-the same heat existing at the North Pole as at the equator.

illumine - प्रकाश उत्पन्न करना

pervaded - व्याप्त होना, में व्याप्त होना

Equator - भूमध्य रेखा

Whence did it come? From the interior of the earth?

In spite of all the learned theories of Professor Hardwigg, a fierce and vehement fire certainly burned within the entrails of the great spheroid.

vehement - तीव्र, प्रबल, प्रचण्ड

entrails - अंतरांग, आँत

spheroid - गोलाभ

Its action was felt even to the very topmost crust of the earth; the plants then in existence, being deprived of the vivifying rays of the sun, had neither buds, nor flowers, nor odor, but their roots drew a strong and vigorous life from the burning earth of early days.

topmost - सबसे ऊपर का

vivifying - जान डाल देना, जान डाल देना

buds - कली, कलम लगाना, कली निकालना

There were but few of what may be called trees-only herbaceous plants, immense turfs, briers, mosses, rare families, which, however, in those days were counted by tens and tens of thousands.

herbaceous - शाकीय, औषधेय

turfs - इलाका, अधिकार क्षेत्र

briers - कँटीली झाड़ी, कँटीली झाड़ी

mosses - काई

It is entirely to this exuberant vegetation that coal owes its origin. The crust of the vast globe still yielded under the influence of the seething, boiling mass, which was forever at work beneath. Hence arose numerous fissures, and continual falling in of the upper earth. The dense mass of plants being beneath the waters, soon formed themselves into vast agglomerations.

exuberant - अधिक, प्रचुर, उल्लासपूर्ण

Then came about the action of natural chemistry; in the depths of the ocean the vegetable mass at first became turf, then, thanks to the influence of gases and subterranean fermentation, they underwent the complete process of mineralization.

fermentation - उत्तेजना, सिर्का, खमीरण, किण्वन

mineralization - खनन

In this manner, in early days, were formed those vast and prodigious layers of coal, which an ever-increasing consumption must utterly use up in about three centuries more, if people do not find some more economic light than gas, and some cheaper motive power than steam.

more economic - अधिक आर्थिक

motive power - प्रेरण शक्ति

All these reflections, the memories of my school studies, came to my mind while I gazed upon these mighty accumulations of coal, whose riches, however, are scarcely likely to be ever utilized. The working of these mines could only be carried out at an expense that would never yield a profit.

The matter, however, is scarcely worthy consideration, when coal is scattered over the whole surface of the globe, within a few yards of the upper crust. As I looked at these untouched strata, therefore, I knew they would remain as long as the world lasts.

untouched - अक्षत, अनछुआ, अप्रभावित, अछूता

While we still continued our journey, I alone forgot the length of the road, by giving myself up wholly to these geological considerations. The temperature continued to be very much the same as while we were traveling amid the lava and the schists. On the other hand my sense of smell was much affected by a very powerful odor.

I immediately knew that the gallery was filled to overflowing with that dangerous gas the miners call fire damp, the explosion of which has caused such fearful and terrible accidents, making a hundred widows and hundreds of orphans in a single hour.

overflowing - चढ़ा हुआ, (overflow)

fire damp - आग गंदी

Orphans - अनाथ करना, अनाथ, यतीम

Happily, we were able to illumine our progress by means of the Ruhmkorff apparatus. If we had been so rash and imprudent as to explore this gallery, torch in hand, a terrible explosion would have put an end to our travels, simply because no travelers would be left.

rash - अतिशीघ्र

imprudent - अविवेकपूर्ण, उद्धत

torch - मशाल

Our excursion through this wondrous coal mine in the very bowels of the earth lasted until evening. My uncle was scarcely able to conceal his impatience and dissatisfaction at the road continuing still to advance in a horizontal direction.

dissatisfaction - असंतोष, असन्तोष

The darkness, dense and opaque a few yards in advance and in the rear, rendered it impossible to make out what was the length of the gallery. For myself, I began to believe that it was simply interminable, and would go on in the same manner for months.

Suddenly, at six o'clock, we stood in front of a wall. To the right, to the left above, below, nowhere was there any passage. We had reached a spot where the rocks said in unmistakable accents-No Thoroughfare.

unmistakable - सुस्पष्ट, असंदिग्ध

thoroughfare - t-needed i

I stood stupefied. The guide simply folded his arms. My uncle was silent.

"Well, well, so much the better," cried my uncle, at last, "I now know what we are about. We are decidedly not upon the road followed by Saknussemm. All we have to do is to go back. Let us take one night's good rest, and before three days are over, I promise you we shall have regained the point where the galleries divided."

"Yes, we may, if our strength lasts as long," I cried, in a lamentable voice.

lamentable - निराशाजनक, शोक योग्य

"And why not?"

"Tomorrow, among us three, there will not be a drop of water. It is just gone."

"And your courage with it," said my uncle, speaking in a severe tone.

What could I say? I turned round on my side, and from sheer exhaustion fell into a heavy sleep disturbed by dreams of water! And I awoke unrefreshed.

unrefreshed - बेतरोताज़ा, ताज़गी रहित

I would have bartered a diamond mine for a glass of pure spring water!

bartered - अदला बदली/विनिमय, विनिमय


Next day, our departure took place at a very early hour. There was no time for the least delay. According to my account, we had five days'hard work to get back to the place where the galleries divided.

I can never tell all the sufferings we endured upon our return. My uncle bore them like a man who has been in the wrong-that is, with concentrated and suppressed anger; Hans, with all the resignation of his pacific character; and I-I confess that I did nothing but complain, and despair. I had no heart for this bad fortune.

But there was one consolation. Defeat at the outset would probably upset the whole journey!

outset - शुरुआत से ही

As I had expected from the first, our supply of water gave completely out on our first day's march. Our provision of liquids was reduced to our supply of Schiedam; but this horrible-nay, I will say it-this infernal liquor burnt the throat, and I could not even bear the sight of it. I found the temperature to be stifling. I was paralyzed with fatigue.

Nay - अस्वीकृति, नहीं, बल्कि

infernal - खिझाने वाला, नारकीय

liquor - दारू

paralyzed - फालिज मारना, फालिज मारना

More than once I was about to fall insensible to the ground. The whole party then halted, and the worthy Icelander and my excellent uncle did their best to console and comfort me. I could, however, plainly see that my uncle was contending painfully against the extreme fatigues of our journey, and the awful torture generated by the absence of water.

console - सान्त्वना देना

plainly - साफ़ तौर पर, साफ़ साफ़

At length a time came when I ceased to recollect anything-when all was one awfull hideous, fantastic dream!

recollect - याद करना, मन लगाना, होश में आना

At last, on Tuesday, the seventh of the month of July, after crawling on our hands and knees for many hours, more dead than alive, we reached the point of junction between the galleries. I lay like a log, an inert mass of human flesh on the arid lava soil. It was then ten in the morning.

inert - जड़, अक्षम, अक्रिय

Hans and my uncle, leaning against the wall, tried to nibble away at some pieces of biscuit, while deep groans and sighs escaped from my scorched and swollen lips. Then I fell off into a kind of deep lethargy.

nibble - कुतरना, टूंगना

groans - कराहना, आह

scorched - जलना, बरबाद कर देना, जला देना

lethargy - सुस्ती, अकर्मण्यता, अलसता

Presently I felt my uncle approach, and lift me up tenderly in his arms.

tenderly - प्रेम से, कोमलता से

"Poor boy," I heard him say in a tone of deep commiseration.

commiseration - act of commiserating

I was profoundly touched by these words, being by no means accustomed to signs of womanly weakness in the Professor. I caught his trembling hands in mine and gave them a gentle pressure. He allowed me to do so without resistance, looking at me kindly all the time. His eyes were wet with tears.

womanly - नारी सुलभ

trembling - कंपन

I then saw him take the gourd which he wore at his side. To my surprise, or rather to my stupefaction, he placed it to my lips.

"Drink, my boy," he said.

Was it possible my ears had not deceived me? Was my uncle mad? I looked at him, with, I am sure, quite an idiotic expression. I could not believe him. I too much feared the counteraction of disappointment.

deceived - धोखा, धोखा देना

idiotic - मूर्ख, अहमक़

counteraction - प्रतिकार

"Drink," he said again.

Had I heard aright? Before, however, I could ask myself the question a second time, a mouthful of water cooled my parched lips and throat-one mouthful, but I do believe it brought me back to life.

aright - सही, ठीक से

mouthful - कौर/ग्रास

parched - झुलसा देना, झुलसा देना

I thanked my uncle by clasping my hands. My heart was too full to speak.

clasping - गिरगिराना, (clasp) गिरगिराना

"Yes," said he, "one mouthful of water, the very last-do you hear, my boy-the very last! I have taken care of it at the bottom of my bottle as the apple of my eye. Twenty times, a hundred times, I have resisted the fearful desire to drink it. But-no-no, Harry, I saved it for you."

"My dear uncle," I exclaimed, and the big tears rolled down my hot and feverish cheeks.

"Yes, my poor boy, I knew that when you reached this place, this crossroad in the earth, you would fall down half dead, and I saved my last drop of water in order to restore you."

crossroad - क्रॉसरोड

"Thanks," I cried; "thanks from my heart."

As little as my thirst was really quenched, I had nevertheless partially recovered my strength. The contracted muscles of my throat relaxed-and the inflammation of my lips in some measure subsided. At all events, I was able to speak.

quenched - बुझाना, प्यास बूझाना

inflammation - शत्रुता, प्रज्वलन, सूजन और जलन

subsided - घटना, शांत होना, बैठ जाना

"Well," I said, "there can be no doubt now as to what we have to do. Water has utterly failed us; our journey is therefore at an end. Let us return."

While I spoke thus, my uncle evidently avoided my face: he held down his head; his eyes were turned in every possible direction but the right one.

"Yes," I continued, getting excited by my own words, "we must go back to Sneffels. May heaven give us strength to enable us once more to revisit the light of day. Would that we now stood on the summit of the crater."

revisit - दोबारा आना

"Go back," said my uncle, speaking to himself, "and must it be so?"

"Go back-yes, and without losing a single moment," I vehemently cried.

vehemently - जोरदार, ज़ोरदार ढंग से

For some moments there was silence under that dark and gloomy vault.

"So, my dear Harry," said the Professor in a very singular tone of voice, "those few drops of water have not sufficed to restore your energy and courage."

sufficed - पर्याप्त होना, काफ़ी होना

"Courage!" I cried.

"I see that you are quite as downcast as before-and still give way to discouragement and despair."

discouragement - हतोत्साह, निराशजनक बात

What, then, was the man made of, and what other projects were entering his fertile and audacious brain!

"You are not discouraged, sir?"

"What! Give up just as we are on the verge of success?" he cried. "Never, never shall it be said that Professor Hardwigg retreated."

"Then we must make up our minds to perish," I cried with a helpless sigh.

helpless - लाचार, बेबस, विवश

"No, Harry, my boy, certainly not. Go, leave me, I am very far from desiring your death. Take Hans with you. I will go on alone."

"You ask us to leave you?"

"Leave me, I say. I have undertaken this dangerous and perilous adventure. I will carry it to the end-or I will never return to the surface of Mother Earth. Go, Harry-once more I say to you-go!"

My uncle as he spoke was terribly excited. His voice, which before had been tender, almost womanly, became harsh and menacing. He appeared to be struggling with desperate energy against the impossible. I did not wish to abandon him at the bottom of that abyss, while, on the other hand, the instinct of preservation told me to fly.

Meanwhile, our guide was looking on with profound calmness and indifference. He appeared to be an unconcerned party, and yet he perfectly well knew what was going on between us. Our gestures sufficiently indicated the different roads each wished to follow-and which each tried to influence the other to undertake.

calmness - the state of being calm, tranquillity, silence

But Hans appeared not to take the slightest interest in what was really a question of life and death for us all, but waited quite ready to obey the signal which should say go aloft, or to resume his desperate journey into the interior of the earth.

aloft - ऊँचा, हवा में, ऊपर

How then I wished with all my heart and soul that I could make him understand my words. My representations, my sighs and groans, the earnest accents in which I should have spoken would have convinced that cold, hard nature. Those fearful dangers and perils of which the stolid guide had no idea, I would have pointed them out to him-I would have, as it were, made him see and feel.

perils - खतरनाक स्थिति, संकट, खतरा

stolid - संकोची, भावहीन, मुर्ख, हटी

Between us, we might have convinced the obstinate Professor. If the worst had come to the worst, we could have compelled him to return to the summit of Sneffels.

I quietly approached Hans. I caught his hand in mine. He never moved a muscle. I indicated to him the road to the top of the crater. He remained motionless. My panting form, my haggard countenance, must have indicated the extent of my sufferings. The Icelander gently shook his head and pointed to my uncle.

gently - सावधानी से, शिष्टता से

"Master," he said.

The word is Icelandic as well as English.

"The master!" I cried, beside myself with fury-"madman! no-I tell you he is not the master of our lives; we must fly! we must drag him with us! do you hear me? Do you understand me, I say?"

I have already explained that I held Hans by the arm. I tried to make him rise from his seat. I struggled with him and tried to force him away. My uncle now interposed.

interposed - बीच में टोकना, घुसाना

"My good Henry, be calm," he said. "You will obtain nothing from my devoted follower; therefore, listen to what I have to say."

follower - अनुयायी, अनुगामी

I folded my arms, as well as I could, and looked my uncle full in the face.

"This wretched want of water," he said, "is the sole obstacle to the success of my project. In the entire gallery, made of lava, schist, and coal, it is true we found not one liquid molecule. It is quite possible that we may be more fortunate in the western tunnel."

molecule - अणु, व्यूहाणु

My sole reply was to shake my head with an air of deep incredulity.

incredulity - अविश्वास

"Listen to me to the end," said the Professor in his well-known lecturing voice. "While you lay yonder without life or motion, I undertook a reconnoitering journey into the conformation of this other gallery. I have discovered that it goes directly downwards into the bowels of the earth, and in a few hours will take us to the old granitic formation.

In this we shall undoubtedly find innumerable springs. The nature of the rock makes this a mathematical certainty, and instinct agrees with logic to say that it is so. Now, this is the serious proposition which I have to make to you.

When Christopher Columbus asked of his men three days to discover the land of promise, his men ill, terrified, and hopeless, yet gave him three days-and the New World was discovered. Now I, the Christopher Columbus of this subterranean region, only ask of you one more day.

Christopher - a male given name

Columbus - given male name, surname

hopeless - निराशाजनक, निराश, हताश, निकम्मा

If, when that time is expired, I have not found the water of which we are in search, I swear to you, I will give up my mighty enterprise and return to the earth's surface."

earth's surface - पृथ्वी की सतह

Despite my irritation and despair, I knew how much it cost my uncle to make this proposition, and to hold such conciliatory language. Under the circumstances, what could I do but yield?

irritation - गुस्सा, उत्तेजना, कोप, संताप

conciliatory - मैत्रीपूर्ण

"Well," I cried, "let it be as you wish, and may heaven reward your superhuman energy. But as, unless we discover water, our hours are numbered, let us lose no time, but go ahead."

superhuman - महामानव


Our descent was now resumed by means of the second gallery. Hans took up his post in front as usual. We had not gone more than a hundred yards when the Professor carefully examined the walls.

"This is the primitive formation-we are on the right road-onwards is our hope!"

When the whole earth got cool in the first hours of the world's morning, the diminution of the volume of the earth produced a state of dislocation in its upper crust, followed by ruptures, crevasses and fissures. The passage was a fissure of this kind, through which, ages ago, had flowed the eruptive granite.

dislocation - अव्यवस्था, हटाव, संधि च्युति

ruptures - हर्निया, टूट जाना, अनबन, दरार

The thousand windings and turnings formed an inextricable labyrinth through the ancient soil.

inextricable - impossible to untie or disentangle

As we descended, successions of layers composing the primitive soil appeared with the utmost fidelity of detail. Geological science considers this primitive soil as the base of the mineral crust, and it has recognized that it is composed of three different strata or layers, all resting on the immovable rock known as granite.

immovable - अटल, अचल, स्थाणु

No mineralogists had even found themselves placed in such a marvelous position to study nature in all her real and naked beauty. The sounding rod, a mere machine, could not bring to the surface of the earth the objects of value for the study of its internal structure, which we were about to see with our own eyes, to touch with our own hands.

mineralogists - खनिज विज्ञानी

Remember that I am writing this after the journey.

Across the streak of the rocks, colored by beautiful green tints, wound metallic threads of copper, of manganese, with traces of platinum and gold. I could not help gazing at these riches buried in the entrails of Mother Earth, and of which no man would have the enjoyment to the end of time!

streak - वर्णरेखा, चमक, दौर, प्रवृत्ति

tints - , हलका रंग, खिजाब, रंगत

metallic - धातु जैसा, धातु का

manganese - अयस, इंगनी

enjoyment - मज़ा, आनंद

These treasures-mighty and inexhaustible, were buried in the morning of the earth's history, at such awful depths, that no crowbar or pickax will ever drag them from their tomb!

inexhaustible - अनन्त

crowbar - बोझ उठाने की डण्डी/लोहदंड, खनती

pickax - पिकैक्स

tomb - क़ब्र r=qabr

The light of our Ruhmkorff's coil, increased tenfold by the myriad of prismatic masses of rock, sent its jets of fire in every direction, and I could fancy myself traveling through a huge hollow diamond, the rays of which produced myriads of extraordinary effects.

increased tenfold - दस गुना बढ़ा हुआ

prismatic - सितारा मछली, प्रिज़्माकार

myriads - असंख्य, बड़ी संख्या, बहुत सा

Towards six o'clock, this festival of light began sensibly and visibly to decrease, and soon almost ceased. The sides of the gallery assumed a crystallized tint, with a somber hue; white mica began to commingle more freely with feldspar and quartz, to form what may be called the true rock-the stone which is hard above all, that supports, without being crushed, the four stories of the earth's soil.

sensibly - समझदारी से

visibly - प्रत्यक्षतः, प्रत्यक्ष रूप से

crystallized - क्रिस्टल बनना, क्रिस्टल बनना

tint - हलका रंग

mica - अभ्रक

commingle - एकीभूत होना

feldspar - फेल्सपार

We were walled by an immense prison of granite!

It was now eight o'clock, and still there was no sign of water. The sufferings I endured were horrible. My uncle now kept at the head of our little column. Nothing could induce him to stop. I, meanwhile, had but one real thought. My ear was keenly on the watch to catch the sound of a spring. But no pleasant sound of falling water fell upon my listening ear.

But at last the time came when my limbs refused to carry me longer. I contended heroically against the terrible tortures I endured, because I did not wish to compel my uncle to halt. To him I knew this would be the last fatal stroke.

heroically - साहस के साथ

Suddenly I felt a deadly faintness come over me. My eyes could no longer see; my knees shook. I gave one despairing cry-and fell!

faintness - property of being faint

despairing - उदास होना, हतासा, निराशा

"Help, help, I am dying!"

dying - मरणकालीन, (dye)

My uncle turned and slowly retraced his steps. He looked at me with folded arms, and then allowed one sentence to escape, in hollow accents, from his lips:

retraced - पता लगाना, फिर से रचना

"All is over."

The last thing I saw was a face fearfully distorted with pain and sorrow; and then my eyes closed.

fearfully - भयावह रूप से, भयसहित

When I again opened them, I saw my companions lying near me, motionless, wrapped in their huge traveling rugs. Were they asleep or dead? For myself, sleep was wholly out of the question. My fainting fit over, I was wakeful as the lark. I suffered too much for sleep to visit my eyelids-the more, that I thought myself sick unto death-dying.

Fainting - an act of collapsing to a state of temporary unconsciousness

wakeful - चौकन्ना, जागरूकता, सजग

lark - एक पक्षी, क्रीडा़-कौतक

eyelids - पलक, दृष्टिपत, नयन पट

unto - तक

The last words spoken by my uncle seemed to be buzzing in my ears-all is over! And it was probable that he was right. In the state of prostration to which I was reduced, it was madness to think of ever again seeing the light of day.

buzzing - गुंजायमान

prostration - श्रान्ति, साष्टांग प्रणाम

Above were miles upon miles of the earth's crust. As I thought of it, I could fancy the whole weight resting on my shoulders. I was crushed, annihilated! and exhausted myself in vain attempts to turn in my granite bed.

annihilated - मिटा देना, जड़ से मिटाना

Hours upon hours passed away. A profound and terrible silence reigned around us-a silence of the tomb. Nothing could make itself heard through these gigantic walls of granite. The very thought was stupendous.

Presently, despite my apathy, despite the kind of deadly calm into which I was cast, something aroused me. It was a slight but peculiar noise. While I was watching intently, I observed that the tunnel was becoming dark. Then gazing through the dim light that remained, I thought I saw the Icelander taking his departure, lamp in hand.

apathy - अनुरागहीनता

aroused - उत्तेजित करना, उत्तेजित, जगाना

intently - उत्सुकतापूर्वक

dim - धुंधला

Why had he acted thus? Did Hans the guide mean to abandon us? My uncle lay fast asleep-or dead. I tried to cry out, and arouse him. My voice, feebly issuing from my parched and fevered lips, found no echo in that fearful place. My throat was dry, my tongue stuck to the roof of my mouth.

arouse - उत्तेजित करना, उत्तेजित, जगाना

feebly - दुर्बलता से

The obscurity had by this time become intense, and at last even the faint sound of the guide's footsteps was lost in the blank distance. My soul seemed filled with anguish, and death appeared welcome, only let it come quickly.

anguish - वेदना

"Hans is leaving us," I cried. "Hans-Hans, if you are a man, come back."

These words were spoken to myself. They could not be heard aloud. Nevertheless, after the first few moments of terror were over, I was ashamed of my suspicions against a man who hitherto had behaved so admirably. Nothing in his conduct or character justified suspicion. Moreover, a moment's reflection reassured me. His departure could not be a flight.

Instead of ascending the gallery, he was going deeper down into the gulf. Had he had any bad design, his way would have been upwards.

This reasoning calmed me a little and I began to hope!

The good, and peaceful, and imperturbable Hans would certainly not have arisen from his sleep without some serious and grave motive. Was he bent on a voyage of discovery? During the deep, still silence of the night had he at last heard that sweet murmur about which we were all so anxious?

arisen from - उठा लिया

murmur - बड़बड़ाना, सरसराहट, बड़बड़ाहट


During a long, long, weary hour, there crossed my wildly delirious brain all sorts of reasons as to what could have aroused our quiet and faithful guide. The most absurd and ridiculous ideas passed through my head, each more impossible than the other. I believe I was either half or wholly mad.

delirious - उन्मत्त{खुशी से}, उन्मत्त

faithful - निष्ठावान, वफ़ादार

most absurd - सबसे अव्यवहारिक

Suddenly, however, there arose, as it were from the depths of the earth, a voice of comfort. It was the sound of footsteps! Hans was returning.

Presently the uncertain light began to shine upon the walls of the passage, and then it came in view far down the sloping tunnel. At length Hans himself appeared.

He approached my uncle, placed his hand upon his shoulder, and gently awakened him. My uncle, as soon as he saw who it was, instantly arose.

"Well!" exclaimed the Professor.

"Vatten," said the hunter.

I did not know a single word of the Danish language, and yet by a sort of mysterious instinct I understood what the guide had said.

"Water, water!" I cried, in a wild and frantic tone, clapping my hands, and gesticulating like a madman.

clapping - the action by which someone or something claps

"Water!" murmured my uncle, in a voice of deep emotion and gratitude. "Hvar?" ("Where?")

"Nedat." ("Below.")

"Where? below!" I understood every word. I had caught the hunter by the hands, and I shook them heartily, while he looked on with perfect calmness.

The preparations for our departure did not take long, and we were soon making a rapid descent into the tunnel.

An hour later we had advanced a thousand yards, and descended two thousand feet.

At this moment I heard an accustomed and well-known sound running along the floors of the granite rock-a kind of dull and sullen roar, like that of a distant waterfall.

waterfall - जलप्रपात, आबशार, झरना

During the first half hour of our advance, not finding the discovered spring, my feelings of intense suffering appeared to return. Once more I began to lose all hope. My uncle, however, observing how downhearted I was again becoming, took up the conversation.

downhearted - हताश, उत्साहहीन

"Hans was right," he exclaimed enthusiastically; "that is the dull roaring of a torrent."

enthusiastically - उत्साहपूर्वक

"A torrent," I cried, delighted at even hearing the welcome words.

"There's not the slightest doubt about it," he replied, "a subterranean river is flowing beside us."

I made no reply, but hastened on, once more animated by hope. I began not even to feel the deep fatigue which hitherto had overpowered me. The very sound of this glorious murmuring water already refreshed me. We could hear it increasing in volume every moment.

animated - जीवन संचार करना/प्राण डालना

overpowered - पराजित करना, वश में करना

murmuring - फुसफुसाता

refreshed - फिर से भरना, ताजा करना

The torrent, which for a long time could be heard flowing over our heads, now ran distinctly along the left wall, roaring, rushing, spluttering, and still falling.

distinctly - in a distinct manner

spluttering - झूमना, (splutter) झूमना

Several times I passed my hand across the rock hoping to find some trace of humidity-of the slightest percolation. Alas! in vain.

percolation - seepage or filtration of a liquid

Again a half hour passed in the same weary toil. Again we advanced.

toil - कठिन परिश्रम करना, परिश्रम

It now became evident that the hunter, during his absence, had not been able to carry his researches any farther. Guided by an instinct peculiar to the dwellers in mountain regions and water finders, he "smelt" the living spring through the rock. Still he had not seen the precious liquid. He had neither quenched his own thirst, nor brought us one drop in his gourd.

finders - ढूँढने वाला, पाने वाला

Moreover, we soon made the disastrous discovery that, if our progress continued, we should soon be moving away from the torrent, the sound of which gradually diminished. We turned back. Hans halted at the precise spot where the sound of the torrent appeared nearest.

I could bear the suspense and suffering no longer, and seated myself against the wall, behind which I could hear the water seething and effervescing not two feet away. But a solid wall of granite still separated us from it!

suspense - अनिश्चय, दुविधा, राज, असमंजस

Hans looked keenly at me, and, strange enough, for once I thought I saw a smile on his imperturbable face.

He rose from a stone on which he had been seated, and took up the lamp. I could not help rising and following. He moved slowly along the firm and solid granite wall. I watched him with mingled curiosity and eagerness. Presently he halted and placed his ear against the dry stone, moving slowly along and listening with the most extreme care and attention.

mingled - घुलना मिलना, घुल मिल जाना

eagerness - उत्सुकता, औत्सुक्य, तत्परता

I understood at once that he was searching for the exact spot where the torrent's roar was most plainly heard. This point he soon found in the lateral wall on the left side, about three feet above the level of the tunnel floor.

lateral - पार्श्वीय, पार्श्विक

I was in a state of intense excitement. I scarcely dared believe what the eider-duck hunter was about to do. It was, however, impossible in a moment more not to both understand and applaud, and even to smother him in my embraces, when I saw him raise the heavy crowbar and commence an attack upon the rock itself.

smother - गला घोटना

"Saved!" I cried.

"Yes," cried my uncle, even more excited and delighted than myself; "Hans is quite right. Oh, the worthy, excellent man! We should never have thought of such an idea."

And nobody else, I think, would have done so. Such a process, simple as it seemed, would most certainly not have entered our heads. Nothing could be more dangerous than to begin to work with pickaxes in that particular part of the globe.

Supposing while he was at work a break-up were to take place, and supposing the torrent once having gained an inch were to take an ell, and come pouring bodily through the broken rock!

ell - उसे

Not one of these dangers was chimerical. They were only too real. But at that moment no fear of falling in of the roof, or even of inundation was capable of stopping us. Our thirst was so intense that to quench it we would have dug below the bed of old Ocean itself.

chimerical - of or pertaining to a chimera

inundation - बाढ, जलप्लावन

quench - बुझाना

Hans went quietly to work-a work which neither my uncle nor I would have undertaken at any price. Our impatience was so great that if we had once begun with pickax and crowbar, the rock would soon have split into a hundred fragments.

The guide, on the contrary, calm, ready, moderate, wore away the hard rock by little steady blows of his instrument, making no attempt at a larger hole than about six inches. As I stood, I heard, or I thought I heard, the roar of the torrent momentarily increasing in loudness, and at times I almost felt the pleasant sensation of water upon my parched lips.

loudness - प्रबलता, भद्दी तड़क भड़क

At the end of what appeared an age, Hans had made a hole which enabled his crowbar to enter two feet into the solid rock. He had been at work exactly an hour. It appeared a dozen. I was getting wild with impatience. My uncle began to think of using more violent measures. I had the greatest difficulty in checking him.

He had indeed just got hold of his crowbar when a loud and welcome hiss was heard. Then a stream, or rather jet, of water burst through the wall and came out with such force as to hit the opposite side!

hiss - सिसकारी/फुफकारी

Hans, the guide, who was half upset by the shock, was scarcely able to keep down a cry of pain and grief. I understood his meaning when, plunging my hands into the sparkling jet, I myself gave a wild and frantic cry. The water was scalding hot!

scalding - बहुत ज़्यादा, तप्त

"Boiling," I cried, in bitter disappointment.

"Well, never mind," said my uncle, "it will soon get cool."

The tunnel began to be filled by clouds of vapor, while a small stream ran away into the interior of the earth. In a short time we had some sufficiently cool to drink. We swallowed it in huge mouthfuls.

Oh! what exalted delight-what rich and incomparable luxury! What was this water, whence did it come? To us what was that? The simple fact was-it was water; and, though still with a tingle of warmth about it, it brought back to the heart, that life which, but for it, must surely have faded away. I drank greedily, almost without tasting it.

exalted - उन्नत करना, प्रशंसा करना

incomparable - अद्वितीय, अतुलनीय, बेजोड़

tingle - सनसनाहट, जलना, सिहरन

greedily - in a greedy manner

When, however, I had almost quenched my ravenous thirst, I made a discovery.

"Why, it is chalybeate water!"

chalybeate water - चैलीबीट पानी

"A most excellent stomachic," replied my uncle, "and highly mineralized. Here is a journey worth twenty to Spa."

most excellent - सर्वोत्तम

stomachic - पेट से संबंधित

Spa - खनिज जल स्रोत

"It's very good," I replied.

"I should think so. Water found six miles under ground. There is a peculiarly inky flavor about it, which is by no means disagreeable. Hans may congratulate himself on having made a rare discovery. What do you say, nephew, according to the usual custom of travelers, to name the stream after him?"

peculiarly - अजीब तरह से, विशेष रुप से

inky - स्याही भरा, स्याह, स्याही भरा

"Good," said I. And the name of "Hansbach" ("Hans Brook") was at once agreed upon.

brook - छोटी नदी

Hans was not a bit more proud after hearing our determination than he was before. After having taken a very small modicum of the welcome refreshment, he had seated himself in a corner with his usual imperturbable gravity.

more proud - और गर्वित

modicum - थोढ़ी सी मात्रा, टुकड़ा

"Now," said I, "it is not worth while letting this water run to waste."

"What is the use," replied my uncle, "the source from which this river rises is inexhaustible."

"Never mind," I continued, "let us fill our goatskin and gourds, and then try to stop the opening up."

goatskin - बकरी चर्म

My advice, after some hesitation, was followed or attempted to be followed. Hans picked up all the broken pieces of granite he had knocked out, and using some tow he happened to have about him, tried to shut up the fissure he had made in the wall. All he did was to scald his hands. The pressure was too great, and all our attempts were utter failures.

tow - रस्सी से खींच

scald - (ग्रम द्रव) में जलना

"It is evident," I remarked, "that the upper surface of these springs is situated at a very great height above-as we may fairly infer from the great pressure of the jet."

"That is by no means doubtful," replied my uncle, "if this column of water is about thirty-two thousand feet high, the atmospheric pressure must be something enormous. But a new idea has just struck me."

"And what is that?"

"Why be at so much trouble to close this aperture?"


I hesitated and stammered, having no real reason.

"When our water bottles are empty, we are not at all sure that we shall be able to fill them," observed my uncle.

"I think that is very probable."

"Well, then, let this water run. It will, of course, naturally follow in our track, and will serve to guide and refresh us."

"I think the idea a good one," I cried in reply, "and with this rivulet as a companion, there is no further reason why we should not succeed in our marvelous project."

rivulet - नदिका, छोटी नदी, धार

"Ah, my boy," said the Professor, laughing, "after all, you are coming round."

"More than that, I am now confident of ultimate success."

"One moment, nephew mine. Let us begin by taking some hours of repose."

I had utterly forgotten that it was night. The chronometer, however, informed me of the fact. Soon we were sufficiently restored and refreshed, and had all fallen into a profound sleep.


By the next day we had nearly forgotten our past sufferings. The first sensation I experienced was surprise at not being thirsty, and I actually asked myself the reason. The running stream, which flowed in rippling wavelets at my feet, was the satisfactory reply.

rippling - छोटी लहर, छोटी लहर

wavelets - छोटी लहर, छोटी लहर, ऊर्मिका

We breakfasted with a good appetite, and then drank our fill of the excellent water. I felt myself quite a new man, ready to go anywhere my uncle chose to lead. I began to think. Why should not a man as seriously convinced as my uncle, succeed, with so excellent a guide as worthy Hans, and so devoted a nephew as myself? These were the brilliant ideas which now invaded my brain.

Had the proposition now been made to go back to the summit of Mount Sneffels, I should have declined the offer in a most indignant manner.

most indignant - सबसे गुस्सेदार

But fortunately there was no question of going up. We were about to descend farther into the interior of the earth.

"Let us be moving," I cried, awakening the echoes of the old world.

awakening - उद्बोधन, जागना, जागृति

We resumed our march on Thursday at eight o'clock in the morning. The great granite tunnel, as it went round by sinuous and winding ways, presented every now and then sharp turns, and in fact all the appearance of a labyrinth. Its direction, however, was in general towards the southwest. My uncle made several pauses in order to consult his compass.

sinuous - घुमावदार, लहरदार, टेढ़ा मेढ़ा

The gallery now began to trend downwards in a horizontal direction, with about two inches of fall in every furlong. The murmuring stream flowed quietly at our feet. I could not but compare it to some familiar spirit, guiding us through the earth, and I dabbled my fingers in its tepid water, which sang like a naiad as we progressed. My good humor began to assume a mythological character.

furlong - फर्लांग

dabbled - ऊपरी ढंग से करना

tepid - उत्साहहीन, बेमन से दिया गया

naiad - जल परी, दक्ष महिला तैराक

mythological - पौराणिक

As for my uncle he began to complain of the horizontal character of the road. His route, he found, began to be indefinitely prolonged, instead of "sliding down the celestial ray," according to his expression.

celestial - स्वर्गीय

But we had no choice; and as long as our road led towards the centre-however little progress we made, there was no reason to complain.

Moreover, from time to time the slopes were much greater, the naiad sang more loudly, and we began to dip downwards in earnest.

As yet, however, I felt no painful sensation. I had not got over the excitement of the discovery of water.

That day and the next we did a considerable amount of horizontal, and relatively very little vertical, traveling.

On Friday evening, the tenth of July, according to our estimation, we ought to have been thirty leagues to the southeast of Reykjavik, and about two leagues and a half deep. We now received a rather startling surprise.

tenth - दसवां

estimation - विचार, अनुमान, आगणन

startling - चौंका देने वाला, आश्चर्यजनक

Under our feet there opened a horrible well. My uncle was so delighted that he actually clapped his hands-as he saw how steep and sharp was the descent.

clapped - ताली बजाना

"Ah, ah!" he cried, in rapturous delight; "this will take us a long way. Look at the projections of the rock. Hah!" he exclaimed, "it's a fearful staircase!"

Hah - हाह

Hans, however, who in all our troubles had never given up the ropes, took care so to dispose of them as to prevent any accidents. Our descent then began. I dare not call it a perilous descent, for I was already too familiar with that sort of work to look upon it as anything but a very ordinary affair.

This well was a kind of narrow opening in the massive granite of the kind known as a fissure. The contraction of the terrestrial scaffolding, when it suddenly cooled, had been evidently the cause. If it had ever served in former times as a kind of funnel through which passed the eruptive masses vomited by Sneffels, I was at a loss to explain how it had left no mark.

contraction - संक्षेपण, संकुचन, सिकुड़न

terrestrial - terrerist

scaffolding - मंच, मचान

funnel - फनल

vomited - उलटी करना, ओक, कै, उलटी, कै कर

We were, in fact, descending a spiral, something like those winding staircases in use in modern houses.

spiral - सर्पिल attentionThe Hindi entry says this is an adjective and not a noun

We were compelled every quarter of an hour or thereabouts to sit down in order to rest our legs. Our calves ached. We then seated ourselves on some projecting rock with our legs hanging over, and gossiped while we ate a mouthful-drinking still from the pleasantly warm running stream which had not deserted us.

thereabouts - [उसके] आस पास, उसी के आस पास

calves - ब्याना, बच्चा देना, बियाना

gossiped - चुगली करना, गप्पी, चुगली, गप शप

pleasantly - सुखद रूप से, प्रङुल्लतापूर्वक

It is scarcely necessary to say that in this curiously shaped fissure the Hansbach had become a cascade to the detriment of its size. It was still, however, sufficient, and more, for our wants. Besides we knew that, as soon as the declivity ceased to be so abrupt, the stream must resume its peaceful course.

cascade - प्रपात के रूप में गिरना

detriment - हानि

declivity - downward slope

At this moment it reminded me of my uncle, his impatience and rage, while when it flowed more peacefully, I pictured to myself the placidity of the Icelandic guide.

placidity - शांति, शांतचित्तता

During the whole of two days, the sixth and seventh of July, we followed the extraordinary spiral staircase of the fissure, penetrating two leagues farther into the crust of the earth, which put us five leagues below the level of the sea. On the eighth, however, at twelve o'clock in the day, the fissure suddenly assumed a much more gentle slope still trending in a southeast direction.

penetrating - समझना, घुसना, काम करना

more gentle - सुंदर से सुंदर

The road now became comparatively easy, and at the same time dreadfully monotonous. It would have been difficult for matters to have turned out otherwise. Our peculiar journey had no chance of being diversified by landscape and scenery. At all events, such was my idea.

diversified - बदल जाना, बदल जाना

At length, on Wednesday the fifteenth, we were actually seven leagues (twenty-one miles) below the surface of the earth, and fifty leagues distant from the mountain of Sneffels. Though, if the truth be told, we were very tired, our health had resisted all suffering, and was in a most satisfactory state. Our traveler's box of medicaments had not even been opened.

medicaments - औषधि, दवादारू

My uncle was careful to note every hour the indications of the compass, of the manometer, and of the thermometer, all which he afterwards published in his elaborate philosophical and scientific account of our remarkable voyage. He was therefore able to give an exact relation of the situation.

When, therefore, he informed me that we were fifty leagues in a horizontal direction distant from our starting point, I could not suppress a loud exclamation.

"What is the matter now?" cried my uncle.

"Nothing very important, only an idea has entered my head," was my reply.

"Well, out with it, My boy."

"It is my opinion that if your calculations are correct we are no longer under Iceland."

"Do you think so?"

"We can very easily find out," I replied, pulling out a map and compasses.