Madame - madame

Part I

Chapter One

Chapter - chapitre, branche, section

We were in class when the head-master came in, followed by a "new fellow," not wearing the school uniform, and a school servant carrying a large desk. Those who had been asleep woke up, and every one rose as if just surprised at his work.

Master - maître, patron, maîtriser, maitre, maîtrisent

fellow - un camarade, ensemble, mâle

school uniform - l'uniforme scolaire

servant - serviteur, domestique, servante, checkserviteur

those - ceux-ci, ces, celles-la, ceux-la

asleep - endormi

rose - Rose, (rise)

surprised - surpris, surprise, surprendre, étonner

The head-master made a sign to us to sit down. Then, turning to the class-master, he said to him in a low voice"

sign - signe, signent, signez, placard, caractériser

low - faible, inférieure

voice - voix

"Monsieur Roger, here is a pupil whom I recommend to your care; he'll be in the second. If his work and conduct are satisfactory, he will go into one of the upper classes, as becomes his age."

monsieur - Monsieur

Roger - roger

pupil - éleve, pupille, éléve

whom - que, qui

recommend - recommander, adviser, checkconseiller, checkrecommander

care - soins, s'occuper, soin, souci

conduct - comportement, conduite, se comporter, conduire, mener

satisfactory - satisfaisante, satisfaisant

upper classes - les classes supérieures

The "new fellow," standing in the corner behind the door so that he could hardly be seen, was a country lad of about fifteen, and taller than any of us. His hair was cut square on his forehead like a village chorister's; he looked reliable, but very ill at ease.

corner - coin, rencogner, piéger, acculer, négocier un prix de gros

hardly - a peine, dur, durement, guere, a peine

lad - lad, garçon, gars, jeune homme, palefrenier

square - carré, équerre, place, case, carreau, rench: perpendiculaire a

forehead - front

chorister - choriste, choureur, choureuse

reliable - fiable, sur

ill - malade, écouré, écourée

at ease - a l'aise

Although he was not broad-shouldered, his short school jacket of green cloth with black buttons must have been tight about the arm-holes, and showed at the opening of the cuffs red wrists accustomed to being bare. His legs, in blue stockings, looked out from beneath yellow trousers, drawn tight by braces, He wore stout, ill-cleaned, hob-nailed boots.

although - bien que, combien que, encore que, nonobstant que

broad - large

cloth - tissu, étoffe, tenue

buttons - boutons, (button) boutons

tight - serré, tendu, ivre, bien

holes - trous, trou

cuffs - manchettes, manchette

wrists - poignets, poignet

accustomed - habitué, accoutumer

bare - a nu, dénudé, dégarnir, nu

stockings - bas

beneath - dessous

braces - les appareils dentaires, toise, fiche, doublé, retenir

stout - stout, solide

hob - hob, plaque chauffante

nailed - cloué, ongle

We began repeating the lesson. He listened with all his ears, as attentive as if at a sermon, not daring even to cross his legs or lean on his elbow; and when at two o'clock the bell rang, the master was obliged to tell him to fall into line with the rest of us.

attentive - attentif

sermon - sermon

daring - audacieux, courageux, checktéméraire, checkhardi

Cross - croix, signe de croix, direct du bras arriere, transversal

lean - maigre, adossons, adossent, appuyer, adossez

elbow - coude, coup de coude, jouer des coudes

bell - cloche, sonnette

obliged - obligée, imposer, obliger, rendre service

rest - se reposer, reposent, reposez, reposons, se, reposer, débris

When we came back to work, we were in the habit of throwing our caps on the ground so as to have our hands more free; we used from the door to toss them under the form, so that they hit against the wall and made a lot of dust: it was "the thing."

habit - habitude, configuration

throwing - jetant, (throw) jetant

caps - des casquettes, casquette

ground - sol, foncierere, terre, terrain, (grind) sol

toss - de la balle, jet, au pile ou face, tirage au sort, lancer

hit - frappé, frapper, battement, battre, succes

against - contre, face a, pour

dust - la poussiere, poussiere, épousseter, pulvériser

But, whether he had not noticed the trick, or did not dare to attempt it, the "new fellow," was still holding his cap on his knees even after prayers were over.

whether - si, que, soit, si oui ou non

noticed - remarqué, remarquer, notification, préavis

trick - tour, astuce, truc, rench: t-needed r, pli, levée, quart, duper

dare - oser, aventurer

attempt - tenter, essayer, tentative, attentat

holding - en attente, possession, (hold) en attente

cap - cap, bonnet, calotte, casquette, toque, képi

It was one of those head-gears of composite order, in which we can find traces of the bearskin, shako, billycock hat, sealskin cap, and cotton night-cap; one of those poor things, in fine, whose dumb ugliness has depths of expression, like an imbecile's face.

gears - les engrenages, panoplie, matériel, matos, engrenage, vitesse

composite - composé, checkcombiné, composite, composer

traces - des traces, trace

shako - shako

billycock - billycock

sealskin - peau de phoque, phoque

cotton - coton

whose - a qui, de qui, dont, duquel (de + lequel), duquel

dumb - stupide, muet

ugliness - la laideur, laideur

depths - profondeurs, profondeur, épaisseur

expression - expression

imbecile - imbécile

Oval, stiffened with whalebone, it began with three round knobs; then came in succession lozenges of velvet and rabbit-skin separated by a red band; after that a sort of bag that ended in a cardboard polygon covered with complicated braiding, from which hung, at the end of a long thin cord, small twisted gold threads in the manner of a tassel. The cap was new; its peak shone.

oval - ovale

stiffened - s'est raidie, raidir, endurcir, se raidir, s'endurcir

whalebone - os de baleine, fanon

round - ronde, cyclo, arrondissent, arrondis, arrondir

knobs - boutons, poignée, bouton, pommeau, noix, noud

succession - succession

lozenges - pastilles, losange, rhombus, pastille

velvet - du velours, velours, duvet (on skin), velours (on antlers)

rabbit-skin - (rabbit-skin) peau de lapin

separated - séparée, séparé, séparer

sort - tri, assortir, esrece, assortis, sorte

cardboard - carton

polygon - polygone

covered - couverts, couvercle, couverture, couvert

complicated - compliqué, compliquer

braiding - tressage, (braid) tressage

hung - accroché, suspendre, etre accroché

cord - corde, cordon

twisted - tordu, twist, torsion, entortiller, tordre

gold - l'or, or

threads - fils, fil, processus léger, exétron

manner - maniere, maniere, façon, mode

tassel - le pompon, panicule

Peak - le sommet, apogée, comble

shone - briller, éclairer

"Rise," said the master.

rise - hausse, remonte, élévation, débout, surcroît

He stood up; his cap fell. The whole class began to laugh. He stooped to pick it up. A neighbor knocked it down again with his elbow; he picked it up once more.

stooped - vouté, se baisser

neighbor - voisin

knocked - frappé, coup, frapper

picked - choisi, pioche, passe-partout, choix, écran, prendre, cueillir

"Get rid of your helmet," said the master, who was a bit of a wag.

rid - rid, débarrasser

helmet - casque

bit - bit, mordis, mordit, mordîmes, mordirent, (bite), mordre

wag - wag, frétiller, remuer, sécher, faire l’école buissonniere

There was a burst of laughter from the boys, which so thoroughly put the poor lad out of countenance that he did not know whether to keep his cap in his hand, leave it on the ground, or put it on his head. He sat down again and placed it on his knee.

burst of laughter - un éclat de rire

thoroughly - a fond, absolument, completement

countenance - visage, approuver

"Rise," repeated the master, "and tell me your name."

The new boy articulated in a stammering voice an unintelligible name.

articulated - articulé, articuler

stammering - bafouillage, balbutiement, bégaiement, (stammer), balbutier

unintelligible - inintelligible

"Again!"

The same sputtering of syllables was heard, drowned by the tittering of the class.

sputtering - des crachotements, (sputter), postillonner, pulvériser, revetir

syllables - syllabes, syllabe

drowned - noyé, noyer

tittering - titrer, (titter) titrer

"Louder!" cried the master; "louder!"

louder - plus fort, fort

cried - pleuré, pleurer, crier, hurler, gueuler, pleur, cri

The "new fellow" then took a supreme resolution, opened an inordinately large mouth, and shouted at the top of his voice as if calling someone in the word "Charbovari."

supreme - supreme, supreme

resolution - conviction, résolution, détermination

inordinately - démesurément

shouted - crié, cri

top - haut, dessus, sommet, couvercle, hune, premiere demi-manche

A hubbub broke out, rose in crescendo with bursts of shrill voices (they yelled, barked, stamped, repeated "Charbovari! Charbovari"), then died away into single notes, growing quieter only with great difficulty, and now and again suddenly recommencing along the line of a form whence rose here and there, like a damp cracker going off, a stifled laugh.

hubbub - brouhaha, tohu-bohu

broke out - a éclaté

bursts - éclatements, éclater, faire éclater, rompre, briser, éclatement

shrill - strident, criard

voices - voix

yelled - hurlé, hurlement

barked - aboyé, aboiement

stamped - estampillé, affranchi, (stamp), cachet, tampon, timbre

single - seul, célibataire f, célibataire, simple

difficulty - difficulté

suddenly - soudain, soudainement, tout d'un coup

recommencing - recommencer

along - le long de, accompagné, rench: t-needed r

whence - pourquoi, d'ou

damp - humide, moite, mouillé, humidité, grisou, amortir

cracker - cracker

stifled - étouffé, étouffer

However, amid a rain of impositions, order was gradually re-established in the class; and the master having succeeded in catching the name of "Charles Bovary," having had it dictated to him, spelt out, and re-read, at once ordered the poor devil to go and sit down on the punishment form at the foot of the master's desk. He got up, but before going hesitated.

amid - amid, au milieu de, parmi, entre

gradually - progressivement

established - établie, affermir, établir

succeeded - a réussi, succéder, réussir, avoir du succes

catching - de capture, attrapant, (catch), prise, touche, loquet

Charles - charles

dictated - dicté, dicter

devil - Diable, Satan, type

punishment - punition, châtiment

hesitated - hésité, hésiter

"What are you looking for?" asked the master.

"My c-a-p," timidly said the "new fellow," casting troubled looks round him.

timidly - timidement

casting - casting, moulage, (cast), jeter, diriger, lancer, additionner

troubled - troublé, peine, mal, probleme, emmerde, fr

"five hundred lines for all the class!" shouted in a furious voice stopped, like the Quos ego[1], a fresh outburst. "Silence!" continued the master indignantly, wiping his brow with his handkerchief, which he had just taken from his cap. "As to you, ˜new boy,'you will conjugate ˜ridiculus sum'[2] twenty times."

five hundred - cinq cents

furious - furieux

fresh - frais

outburst - explosion, transport

silence - le silence, silence

continued - suite, continuer

indignantly - avec indignation

wiping - essuyant, (wipe) essuyant

brow - sourcils, andouiller d'oil, maître andouiller

handkerchief - mouchoir

conjugate - conjuguer

ridiculus - ridiculus

sum - somme

[1] A quotation from the Aeneid signifying a threat.

quotation - citation, devis, cotation

Aeneid - l'enéide, Énéide

signifying - signifiant, (signify), signifier

threat - menace

[2] I am ridiculous.

ridiculous - ridicule

Then, in a gentler tone, "Come, you'll find your cap again; it hasn't been stolen."

gentler - plus doux, gentil, doux

tone - ton, tonalité, tonale

stolen - volé, voler, vol

Quiet was restored. Heads bent over desks, and the "new fellow" remained for two hours in an exemplary attitude, although from time to time some paper pellet flipped from the tip of a pen came bang in his face. But he wiped his face with one hand and continued motionless, his eyes lowered.

restored - restaurée, restaurer, rétablir, rendre, restituer

bent - plié, courba, courbai, courbés, courbé, cambrai

remained - est restée, reste, rester, demeurer

exemplary - exemplaire

attitude - posture, état d'esprit, attitude

pellet - pastille, granule, plomb, pelote

flipped - retourné, lancer (en l'air), retourner

tip - pourboire, pronostic, indication, terminaison

bang - bang, détonation

wiped - essuyé, essuyer

motionless - immobile

lowered - abaissé, (s')assombrir

In the evening, at preparation, he pulled out his pens from his desk, arranged his small belongings, and carefully ruled his paper. We saw him working conscientiously, looking up every word in the dictionary, and taking the greatest pains. Thanks, no doubt, to the willingness he showed, he had not to go down to the class below.

preparation - préparation, concoction

pulled - tiré, tirer, retirer, tirer un coup, influence

arranged - arrangé, arranger, organiser

carefully - attentivement, soigneusement

conscientiously - consciencieusement

pains - douleurs, douleur

doubt - des doutes, douter, doute

But though he knew his rules passably, he had little finish in composition. It was the cure of his village who had taught him his first Latin; his parents, from motives of economy, having sent him to school as late as possible.

though - mais, néanmoins, cependant, malgré, bien que

passably - de maniere satisfaisante

composition - composition, ouvre

cure - guérir, guérissez, guérissent, cicatriser, guérison

Latin - latine

motives - motivations, motif, mobile, theme, motiver

economy - l'économie, économie

His father, Monsieur Charles Denis Bartolome Bovary, retired assistant-surgeon-major, compromised about 1812 in certain conscription scandals, and forced at this time to leave the service, had taken advantage of his fine figure to get hold of a dowry of sixty thousand francs that offered in the person of a hosier's daughter who had fallen in love with his good looks.

retired - a la retraite, prendre sa retraite

assistant - assistant, aide, auxiliaire

surgeon - chirurgien, chirurgienne

Major - majeur, de taille, tres important, plus grand, plus important

compromised - compromis, concession, compromettre

Certain - certain, quelconque

conscription - la conscription, conscription, service militaire obligatoire

scandals - des scandales, scandale, esclandre

forced - forcée, force

service - service, messe

advantage - avantage, avantager, favoriser

figure - figure, forme, personnage, personnalité, chiffre

hold - tenir, stopper, tiens, tiennent, tenons

dowry - la dot, dot

francs - francs, franc

offered - proposé, offrir, proposer

hosier - hosier

A fine man, a great talker, making his spurs ring as he walked, wearing whiskers that ran into his moustache, his fingers always garnished with rings and dressed in loud colours, he had the dash of a military man with the easy go of a commercial traveller.

talker - Parleur

spurs - les éperons, éperon

whiskers - moustaches, favoris-p, poil de barbe, moustache, vibrisse

moustache - moustache, bacchante

fingers - doigts, pointer, tripoter, doigter

garnished - garni, garnir, garniture

rings - anneaux, anneau, bague

loud - bruyante, fort

Dash - dash, tiret, trait, ta, sprint, soupçon, se précipiter

military - militaire (1, 2), armée, troupes

commercial - publicité, commercial

Once married, he lived for three or four years on his wife's fortune, dining well, rising late, smoking long porcelain pipes, not coming in at night till after the theatre, and haunting cafes. The father-in-law died, leaving little; he was indignant at this, "went in for the business," lost some money in it, then retired to the country, where he thought he would make money.

Fortune - la fortune, destin, bonne chance, fortune

dining - dîner, vacarme

smoking - fumant, (smoke) fumant

porcelain - porcelaine

pipes - des tuyaux, cornemuse, conduit, tuyau, barre verticale, tube

haunting - la hantise, hantise, (haunt), hanter, demeurer

law - loi

indignant - indigné

But, as he knew no more about farming than calico, as he rode his horses instead of sending them to plough, drank his cider in bottle instead of selling it in cask, ate the finest poultry in his farmyard, and greased his hunting-boots with the fat of his pigs, he was not long in finding out that he would do better to give up all speculation.

calico - calicot, tricolore

instead - a la place, a la place, au lieu de

plough - charrue, araire, labourer, pilonner

cider - du cidre, cidre, rench: verre de cidre g

cask - tonneau, fut, barrique

poultry - de la volaille, volaille, volailles, basse-cour

farmyard - cour de ferme, basse-cour

Greased - greased, graisse, graisser, graisser la patte

hunting - la chasse, (hunt), chasser, chercher, chasse

finding out - a découvrir

speculation - spéculation

For two hundred francs a year he managed to live on the border of the provinces of Caux and Picardy, in a kind of place half farm, half private house; and here, soured, eaten up with regrets, cursing his luck, jealous of everyone, he shut himself up at the age of forty-five, sick of men, he said, and determined to live at peace.

managed - gérée, gérer, ménager, diriger, manier, parvenir, réussir

border - frontiere, frontiere, bord, bordure, délimiter, border

provinces - provinces, province, qualifier

Picardy - la picardie, Picardie

private - personnel, personnelle, privé, privée

soured - aigre, sur, rance, tourné, acerbe, acariâtre

regrets - des regrets, regretter, regret

cursing - maudissant, (curs) maudissant

luck - la chance, chance, veine

jealous - jaloux, jalouse, envieux, rench:

shut - fermé, fermer

determined - déterminé, déterminer

peace - la paix, paix, tranquillité

His wife had adored him once on a time; she had bored him with a thousand servilities that had only estranged him the more. Lively once, expansive and affectionate, in growing older she had become (after the fashion of wine that, exposed to air, turns to vinegar) ill-tempered, grumbling, irritable.

adored - adorée, adorer

estranged - séparé(e), éloigner, aliéner

lively - fringant, spirituel

expansive - expansif

affectionate - affectueux

fashion - la mode, mode, vogue, façon, façonner

exposed - exposée, exposer, dénoncer

vinegar - vinaigre

tempered - tempéré, caractere, tempérament, humeur, état d'esprit, recuit

grumbling - grommeler, (grumble), grondement, gargouillement, grognement

irritable - irritable

She had suffered so much without complaint at first, until she had seem him going after all the village drabs, and until a score of bad houses sent him back to her at night, weary, stinking drunk. Then her pride revolted. After that she was silent, burying her anger in a dumb stoicism that she maintained till her death. She was constantly going about looking after business matters.

suffered - souffert, souffrir, souffrir de, pâtir de, endurer

complaint - plainte, réclamation, porter plainte

Seem - sembler, paraître, avoir l'air

drabs - des brouillons, terne

score - nombre de point oints, score, note, vingtaine

weary - fatigué, las, lasser

stinking - puant, (stink), puer, empester, puanteur, tapage

pride - l'orgueil, orgueil, fierté

revolted - révoltés, révolter

silent - silencieux

burying - l'enfouissement, enterrer

anger - la colere, colere, ire, courroux, rage

stoicism - le stoicisme, stoicisme

maintained - maintenue, entretenir, maintenir

Death - mort, déces, camarde, la mort, l'arcane sans nom

constantly - constamment, en boucle

looking after - surveiller

matters - questions, matiere, affaire, question, cause

She called on the lawyers, the president, remembered when bills fell due, got them renewed, and at home ironed, sewed, washed, looked after the workmen, paid the accounts, while he, troubling himself about nothing, eternally besotted in sleepy sulkiness, whence he only roused himself to say disagreeable things to her, sat smoking by the fire and spitting into the cinders.

lawyers - des avocats, juriste, homme de loi, femme de loi, avocat

President - le président, président, présidente

due - due, du

renewed - renouvelée, renouveler

ironed - repassé, fer, repasser

sewed - cousu, coudre

looked after - pris en charge

workmen - des ouvriers, ouvrier

accounts - comptes, compte

troubling - troublant, génant, (trouble), peine, mal, probleme, emmerde

eternally - éternellement

sleepy - somnolent, ensommeillé, ensuqué, endormi

sulkiness - bouderie

roused - réveillé, réveiller

disagreeable - incompatible, désagréable

spitting - cracher, (spit) cracher

cinders - des cendres, cendre

When she had a child, it had to be sent out to nurse. When he came home, the lad was spoilt as if he were a prince. His mother stuffed him with jam; his father let him run about barefoot, and, playing the philosopher, even said he might as well go about quite naked like the young of animals.

spoilt - gâté, pourri, (spoil), gâter, gâcher, tourner, dévoiler

prince - prince

stuffed - empaillé, truc, substance (1), frachin (2), fr

jam - de la confiture, marmelade, coincer, confiture

barefoot - pieds nus

philosopher - philosophe

naked - nue, nu, a poil, dénudé

As opposed to the maternal ideas, he had a certain virile idea of childhood on which he sought to mould his son, wishing him to be brought up hardily, like a Spartan, to give him a strong constitution. He sent him to bed without any fire, taught him to drink off large draughts of rum and to jeer at religious processions. But, peaceable by nature, the lad answered only poorly to his notions.

opposed - opposée, s'opposer a, opposer

maternal - maternelle

virile - viril

childhood - l'enfance, enfance

sought - recherchée, chercher

mould - moule, modeler

wishing - souhaitant, désirant, (wish), souhait, souhaiter, espérer

hardily - durement

Spartan - spartiates, spartiate

constitution - constitution

rum - le rhum, rhum

jeer - jeer, huer

religious - religieux

processions - processions, procession, cortege, kyrielle

by nature - par nature

poorly - médiocre

notions - notions, notion

His mother always kept him near her; she cut out cardboard for him, told him tales, entertained him with endless monologues full of melancholy gaiety and charming nonsense. In her life's isolation she centered on the child's head all her shattered, broken little vanities. She dreamed of high station; she already saw him, tall, handsome, clever, settled as an engineer or in the law.

tales - contes, conte, récit

entertained - divertis, divertir, recevoir

endless - sans fin, infini, interminable, perpétuel

monologues - monologues, monologue

melancholy - mélancolie

charming - charmant, (charm)

nonsense - des absurdités, betise, absurdité, sottise (s)

isolation - l'isolement, isolement, isolation

centered - centré, centre, milieu, centre de masse

shattered - brisé, fracasser, réduire en miettes, mettre en pieces, briser

vanities - vanités, vanité

dreamed - revé, reve, t+songe, t+voeu, t+souhait, t+vou

handsome - beau

clever - habile, agile, adroit, adroite, talentueux, malin, intelligent

settled - réglée, (s')installer

engineer - ingénieur

She taught him to read, and even, on an old piano, she had taught him two or three little songs. But to all this Monsieur Bovary, caring little for letters, said, "It was not worth while. Would they ever have the means to send him to a public school, to buy him a practice, or start him in business? Besides, with cheek a man always gets on in the world.

worth - valeur

public - public

besides - d'ailleurs, aupres

cheek - joue, fesse, culot, toupet, potence de bringuebale

gets on - monte

" Madame Bovary bit her lips, and the child knocked about the village.

lips - levres, levre

He went after the labourers, drove away with clods of earth the ravens that were flying about.

drove away - est parti en voiture

clods - des mottes, motte, cruche, andouille

earth - terre, terrier, relier a la terre, tmettre a la terre, enterrer

ravens - les corbeaux, corbeau

He ate blackberries along the hedges, minded the geese with a long switch, went haymaking during harvest, ran about in the woods, played hop-scotch under the church porch on rainy days, and at great fetes begged the beadle to let him toll the bells, that he might hang all his weight on the long rope and feel himself borne upward by it in its swing.

blackberries - des mures, ronce, roncier, murier, , mure, mure sauvage

hedges - des haies, haie

minded - mentales, esprit, t+raison, t+intelligence, mémoire

geese - des oies

switch - interrupteur, aiguille, aiguillage, badine, commutateur

haymaking - la fenaison, fenaison

harvest - la récolte, récolte, moisson, récolter, moissonner, recueillir

woods - bois, (de) bois

hop - hop, sauter a cloche-pied

Scotch - du scotch, Écossais, scotch

church - église, culte, misse

porch - porche, véranda, portique

rainy days - les jours de pluie

fetes - fetes, kermesse, feter

begged - supplié, mendier

beadle - bailli, bedeau, suisse

Toll - le péage, péage

bells - cloches, cloche

hang - pendre, planement

weight - poids, lest, graisse, alourdir, lester, appesantir

rope - corde, funiculaire

borne - porté, supporter

upward - a la hausse

swing - swing, osciller, se balancer, swinguer, pendre, changer

Meanwhile he grew like an oak; he was strong on hand, fresh of colour.

Meanwhile - pendant ce temps

oak - chene, chene, chenes

When he was twelve years old his mother had her own way; he began lessons. The curé took him in hand; but the lessons were so short and irregular that they could not be of much use. They were given at spare moments in the sacristy, standing up, hurriedly, between a baptism and a burial; or else the curé, if he had not to go out, sent for his pupil after the Angelus[3].

irregular - irréguliere, irrégulier

spare - de rechange, épargner, loisirs, économiser

sacristy - sacristie

hurriedly - en toute hâte, a la hâte, a la sauvette, a la va-vite

baptism - le bapteme, bapteme

burial - l'enterrement, enterrement, inhumation, sépulture

They went up to his room and settled down; the flies and moths fluttered round the candle. It was close, the child fell asleep, and the good man, beginning to doze with his hands on his stomach, was soon snoring with his mouth wide open.

moths - mites, papillon de nuit

fluttered - flotté, faséyer, voleter, voltiger, battement

candle - bougie, chandelle

doze - dormir, sommeiller

stomach - l'estomac, estomac, ventre, bedon (pot belly), digérer

snoring - ronflement, (snore), ronfler

wide - large

On other occasions, when Monsieur le Curé, on his way back after administering the viaticum to some sick person in the neighbourhood, caught sight of Charles playing about the fields, he called him, lectured him for a quarter of an hour and took advantage of the occasion to make him conjugate his verb at the foot of a tree. The rain interrupted them or an acquaintance passed.

occasions - occasions, occasion

administering - administrer, gérer

viaticum - viaticum, viatique

sick person - personne malade

in the neighbourhood - dans le quartier

caught - pris, prise, touche, loquet, loqueteau, verrou, hic, couille

sight - vue, quelque chose a voir, truc a voir, mire, viseur

fields - champs, champ, t+campo, terrain, corps

lectured - fait la leçon, conférence, cours magistral

verb - verbe

interrupted - interrompu, interrompre, couper

acquaintance - une connaissance, relation

passed - passé, passer (devant), dépasser

All the same he was always pleased with him, and even said the "young man" had a very good memory.

memory - mémoire, souvenir

[3] A devotion said at morning, noon, and evening, at the sound of a bell. Here, the evening prayer.

devotion - la dévotion, dévouement, dévotion

noon - midi

prayer - oraison, priere

Charles could not go on like this. Madame Bovary took strong steps. Ashamed, or rather tired out, Monsieur Bovary gave in without a struggle, and they waited one year longer, so that the lad should take his First Communion.

steps - étapes, pas

ashamed - honteux

tired out - fatigué

Struggle - lutte, lutter, s'efforcer, combattre

First Communion - Premiere communion

Six months more passed, and the year after Charles was finally sent to school at Rouen, where his father took him towards the end of October, at the time of the St. Romain fair.

finally - enfin, définitivement

Rouen - rouen

towards - vers, envers, pour, pres de

fair - équitable, blond, exposition, foire, marché, kermesse, juste

It would now be impossible for any of us to remember anything about him. He was a youth of even temperament, who played in playtime, worked in school-hours, was attentive in class, slept well in the dormitory, and ate well in the refectory.

impossible - impossible, insupportable

youth - la jeunesse, jeunesse, jeune, jeune homme, les jeunes

temperament - tempérament

playtime - la récréation

dormitory - dortoir

refectory - le réfectoire, réfectoire

He had in loco parentis[4] a wholesale ironmonger in the Rue Ganterie, who took him out once a month on Sundays after his shop was shut, sent him for a walk on the quay to look at the boats, and then brought him back to college at seven o'clock before supper.

Loco - loco

wholesale - vente en gros

ironmonger - ferronnier d'art, quincailler

rue - rue

quay - quai

supper - dîner, souper

Every Thursday evening he wrote a long letter to his mother with red ink and three wafers; then he went over his history note-books, or read an old volume of "Anarchasis" that was knocking about the study. When he went for walks he talked to the servant, who, like himself, came from the country.

ink - encre

wafers - gaufrettes, gaufrette, hostie, oublie, pain a cacheter, wafer

volume - volume, tome

knocking - frapper, frappant, (knock), coup

[4] In place of a parent.

By dint of hard work he kept always about the middle of the class; once even he got a certificate in natural history. But at the end of his third year his parents withdrew him from the school to make him study medicine, convinced that he could even take his degree by himself.

dint - n'a pas, bosse

Middle - au milieu, milieu, moyen, central

certificate - document, certificat, diplôme

natural history - l'histoire naturelle

third - troisieme, troisieme, trois, tiers, tierce

withdrew - s'est retiré, (se) retirer

Medicine - la médecine, médicament, officinal, médecine

Convinced - convaincu, convaincre, persuader

degree - diplôme, degré, ordre

His mother chose a room for him on the fourth floor of a dyer's she knew, overlooking the Eau-de-Robec. She made arrangements for his board, got him furniture, table and two chairs, sent home for an old cherry-tree bedstead, and bought besides a small cast-iron stove with the supply of wood that was to warm the poor child.

dyer - teinturier, teinturiere

overlooking - en surplomb, vue, panorama, surplomber, négliger, louper

eau - eau

arrangements - des arrangements, arrangement, disposition, composition

board - conseil d'administration, planche

furniture - mobilier, meubles

cherry-tree - (cherry-tree) un cerisier

bedstead - le sommier, châlit

cast-iron - (cast-iron) de la fonte

stove - poele, fourneau, cuisiniere, (stave), douve, fuseau

supply - l'approvisionnement, livraison, fournir, pourvoir, provision

wood - du bois, (de) bois

Then at the end of a week she departed, after a thousand injunctions to be good now that he was going to be left to himself.

departed - parti, partir, s’en aller, dévier, quitter

injunctions - injonctions, injonction

The syllabus that he read on the notice-board stunned him; lectures on anatomy, lectures on pathology, lectures on physiology, lectures on pharmacy, lectures on botany and clinical medicine, and therapeutics, without counting hygiene and materia medica"all names of whose etymologies he was ignorant, and that were to him as so many doors to sanctuaries filled with magnificent darkness.

syllabus - programme, syllabus, plan de cours, sommaire

read on - lire la suite

notice-board - (notice-board) Tableau daffichage

stunned - stupéfait, étourdir, étonner, époustoufler

lectures - des conférences, conférence, cours magistral

anatomy - l'anatomie, anatomie

pathology - pathologie

physiology - physiologie

pharmacy - pharmacie, officine

Botany - la botanique, botanique

clinical - clinique

therapeutics - thérapeutique

counting - compter, comte

Hygiene - l'hygiene, hygiene

etymologies - les étymologies, étymologie

ignorant - ignorant

sanctuaries - sanctuaires, refuge, réserve, asile, sanctuaire

magnificent - magnifique

darkness - l'obscurité, obscurité, ténebres

He understood nothing of it all; it was all very well to listen"he did not follow. Still he worked; he had bound note-books, he attended all the courses, never missed a single lecture. He did his little daily task like a mill-horse, who goes round and round with his eyes bandaged, not knowing what work he is doing.

bound - lié, entrain, (bind), lier, attacher, nouer, connecter, coupler

attended - a assisté, assister a, suivre

lecture - conférence, cours magistral, donner une conférence

daily task - tâche quotidienne

Mill - moulin, bahut, moulons, mouds, moulez, moulent

goes round - fait le tour

bandaged - bandé, bandage, pansement, panser

To spare him expense his mother sent him every week by the carrier a piece of veal baked in the oven, with which he lunched when he came back from the hospital, while he sat kicking his feet against the wall. After this he had to run off to lectures, to the operation-room, to the hospital, and return to his home at the other end of the town.

expense - dépenses, dépense

carrier - transporteur, porteuse

veal - veau

baked - cuit, cuire

oven - four

kicking - coups de pied, donner un coup de pied (a, dans)

operation - l'opération, opération, fonctionnement, exploitation, gestion

In the evening, after the poor dinner of his landlord, he went back to his room and set to work again in his wet clothes, which smoked as he sat in front of the hot stove.

landlord - propriétaire, patron

set - set, Seth

wet - humide, mouillé, mouiller, se mouiller

smoked - fumé, fumée

On the fine summer evenings, at the time when the close streets are empty, when the servants are playing shuttle-cock at the doors, he opened his window and leaned out. The river, that makes of this quarter of Rouen a wretched little Venice, flowed beneath him, between the bridges and the railings, yellow, violet, or blue. Working men, kneeling on the banks, washed their bare arms in the water.

empty - vide, vider, cadavre

servants - serviteurs, serviteur, domestique, servante, fr

shuttle - navette

cock - bite, coq

leaned out - se pencher

wretched - misérable

Venice - venise

flowed - s'est écoulée, couler

bridges - des ponts, pont

railings - les garde-corps

Violet - violet, violette

kneeling - a genoux, (kneel)

On poles projecting from the attics, skeins of cotton were drying in the air. Opposite, beyond the roots spread the pure heaven with the red sun setting. How pleasant it must be at home! How fresh under the beech-tree! And he expanded his nostrils to breathe in the sweet odours of the country which did not reach him.

poles - poteaux, pôle

attics - les greniers, grenier, combles-p, mansarde

skeins - écheveaux, écheveau, membrane des oeufs

beyond - au-dela, au-dela, par-dela

roots - des racines, racine

spread - se propager, étaler, écarter, disperser, répandre, éparpiller

pure - pure, pur, pudique

Heaven - le paradis, ciel, paradis, au-dela, cieux

setting - de l'environnement, réglage, configuration

pleasant - agréable, plaisant

beech - hetre, hetre

expanded - élargi, agrandir, développer, élaborer, (s')éteindre

nostrils - narines, narine, qualifier

breathe - respirer, inspirer, expirer, reprendre son souffle

sweet - doux, doucement, friandise, bonbon, sucreries

odours - odeurs, odeur

reach - atteindre, parviens, allonge, parvenir, préhension

He grew thin, his figure became taller, his face took a saddened look that made it nearly interesting. Naturally, through indifference, he abandoned all the resolutions he had made. Once he missed a lecture; the next day all the lectures; and, enjoying his idleness, little by little, he gave up work altogether. He got into the habit of going to the public-house, and had a passion for dominoes.

saddened - attristé, attrister

nearly - presque

naturally - naturellement

indifference - l'indifférence, indifférence

abandoned - abandonnée, abandonner

resolutions - résolutions, conviction, résolution, détermination

idleness - l'oisiveté, oisiveté, inactivité, indolence, inutilité

altogether - tout a fait, completement, en meme temps, quoi qu'il en soit

public-house - (public-house) une maison publique

passion - passion

dominoes - dominos, domino

To shut himself up every evening in the dirty public room, to push about on marble tables the small sheep bones with black dots, seemed to him a fine proof of his freedom, which raised him in his own esteem. It was beginning to see life, the sweetness of stolen pleasures; and when he entered, he put his hand on the door-handle with a joy almost sensual.

every evening - tous les soirs

push - pousser, poussons, poussez, poussent, buter, acculer

marble - marbre, bille, grillot, marbrer

bones - os

dots - points, point

seemed - semblait, sembler, paraître, avoir l'air

Proof - la preuve, preuve, épreuve

freedom - la liberté, liberté

raised - soulevée, (sou)lever

esteem - estime, respect, respecter

pleasures - plaisirs, plaisir, volupté, désir

entered - a pénétré, entrer, rench: -neededr, taper, saisir

handle - poignée, crosse, manions, traiter, manient, maniez

joy - joie

almost - presque, quasiment

sensual - sensuel, voluptueux

Then many things hidden within him came out; he learnt couplets by heart and sang them to his boon companions, became enthusiastic about Beranger, learnt how to make punch, and, finally, how to make love.

hidden - caché, (se) cacher

within - a l'intérieur, dedans, avant, d'ici

couplets - couplets, couplet

by heart - par cour

boon - boon, aubaine

Companions - compagnons, compagnon, compagne

enthusiastic - enthousiaste

Punch - un coup de poing, poinçonnez, poinçonnent, poinçonner

make love - faire l'amour

Thanks to these preparatory labours, he failed completely in his examination for an ordinary degree. He was expected home the same night to celebrate his success. He started on foot, stopped at the beginning of the village, sent for his mother, and told her all.

preparatory - préparatoire

labours - travaux, effort, travail, labeur, besogne, travailleurs-p

failed - a échoué, échouer (a)

completely - completement, completement

examination - l'examen, examen

ordinary - piece, ordinaire, quelconque

expected - attendue, attendre, s'attendre a

celebrate - rendre hommage, célébrer, feter, faire la fete

She excused him, threw the blame of his failure on the injustice of the examiners, encouraged him a little, and took upon herself to set matters straight. It was only five years later that Monsieur Bovary knew the truth; it was old then, and he accepted it. Moreover, he could not believe that a man born of him could be a fool.

excused - excusé, excuser, pardonner, justifier

threw - jeté, jeter, lancer

blame - blâme, gronder, blâment, blâmons, blâmez, blâmer

failure - l'échec, échec, daube, flop, panne

injustice - l'injustice, injustice

examiners - les examinateurs, examinateur, examinatrice

encouraged - encouragé, encourager

upon - sur, a

straight - droit, rectiligne, comme il faut, pur, pure, hétéro, tout droit

truth - la vérité, vérité

accepted - acceptée, accepter, accepter (de), prendre sur soi

Moreover - de plus, en plus, au surplus, en outre

fool - idiot, dinde, fou, bouffon, mat, duper, tromper

So Charles set to work again and crammed for his examination, ceaselessly learning all the old questions by heart. He passed pretty well. What a happy day for his mother! They gave a grand dinner.

crammed - entassés, bourrer, ficher, foutre, emmancher, fourrer, gaver

ceaselessly - sans cesse

heart - cour

happy day - Joyeuse journée

grand - grand, grandiose

Where should he go to practice? To Tostes, where there was only one old doctor. For a long time Madame Bovary had been on the look-out for his death, and the old fellow had barely been packed off when Charles was installed, opposite his place, as his successor.

barely - a peine, a peine

packed - emballé, paquet, sac

installed - installée, installer

successor - successeur, successeuse, successrice

But it was not everything to have brought up a son, to have had him taught medicine, and discovered Tostes, where he could practice it; he must have a wife. She found him one"the widow of a bailiff at Dieppe"who was forty-five and had an income of twelve hundred francs. Though she was ugly, as dry as a bone, her face with as many pimples as the spring has buds, Madame Dubuc had no lack of suitors.

discovered - découvert, découvrir

widow - veuve

bailiff - huissier, huissier de justice

income - revenus, revenu, recette

ugly - laid, moche, vilain

dry - sec, anhydre, sécher, tfaire sécher

bone - os

pimples - des boutons, bouton, pustule, casse-couilles

buds - bourgeons, bourgeon

lack - manque

suitors - prétendants, plaideur, prétendant, soupirant

To attain her ends Madame Bovary had to oust them all, and she even succeeded in very cleverly baffling the intrigues of a pork-butcher backed up by the priests.

attain - atteindre

oust - oust, expulser

cleverly - intelligemment

baffling - déconcertant, (baffle), déconcerter, dérouter

intrigues - intrigues, intrigue, intriguer, conspirer

pork - porc, cochon

butcher - boucher, charcutier, abattre, (butch), hommasse

backed up - sauvegardé

priests - pretres, pretre, pretresse, sacrificateur, sacrificatrice

Charles had seen in marriage the advent of an easier life, thinking he would be more free to do as he liked with himself and his money. But his wife was master; he had to say this and not say that in company, to fast every Friday, dress as she liked, harass at her bidding those patients who did not pay.

marriage - mariage, noces

advent - l'avenement, arrivée

harass - harceler

bidding - impératifs, (bid) impératifs

patients - patients, patient, patiente, malade

She opened his letter, watched his comings and goings, and listened at the partition-wall when women came to consult him in his surgery.

partition-wall - (partition-wall) cloison de séparation

consult - consulter

surgery - chirurgie, opération, salle opératoire

She must have her chocolate every morning, attentions without end. She constantly complained of her nerves, her chest, her liver. The noise of footsteps made her ill; when people left her, solitude became odious to her; if they came back, it was doubtless to see her die.

attentions - attentions, attention, attentions-p

complained - s'est plaint, se plaindre, porter plainte

nerves - des nerfs, nerf, nervure, toupet, culot, cran

chest - poitrine, sein, commode, coffre

noise - bruit, vacarme, brouhaha, boucan

Footsteps - des pas, empreinte, trace de pas, pas, bruit de pas, marche

solitude - la solitude, solitude

odious - odieux

doubtless - sans doute, sans aucun doute, sans nul doute, indubitablement

When Charles returned in the evening, she stretched forth two long thin arms from beneath the sheets, put them round his neck, and having made him sit down on the edge of the bed, began to talk to him of her troubles: he was neglecting her, he loved another. She had been warned she would be unhappy; and she ended by asking him for a dose of medicine and a little more love.

stretched - étiré, étendre, s'étendre, s'étirer, étirement

forth - avant, en avant

sheets - feuilles, feuille, plaque, écoute

neck - cou, kiki

edge - bord, côté, arete, carre

troubles - des problemes, peine, mal, probleme, emmerde, fr

neglecting - négliger, négligence

warned - averti, avertir, alerter, prévenir

unhappy - malheureux, triste, mécontent

dose - dose

Chapter Two

One night towards eleven o'clock they were awakened by the noise of a horse pulling up outside their door. The servant opened the garret-window and parleyed for some time with a man in the street below. He came for the doctor, had a letter for him. Natasie came downstairs shivering and undid the bars and bolts one after the other.

awakened - éveillé, réveiller, se réveiller

pulling up - tirer vers le haut

garret - garret, galetas

parleyed - parleyé, pourparlers

shivering - des frissons, (shiver) des frissons

undid - défait, défaire

bars - bars, barre, tablette

bolts - boulons, verrou

The man left his horse, and, following the servant, suddenly came in behind her. He pulled out from his wool cap with grey top-knots a letter wrapped up in a rag and presented it gingerly to Charles, who rested on his elbow on the pillow to read it. Natasie, standing near the bed, held the light. Madame in modesty had turned to the wall and showed only her back.

Wool - laine

knots - nouds, noeud

wrapped up - emballé

rag - chiffon

gingerly - avec précaution, doucement, précautionneusement

rested - reposé, repos

pillow - oreiller, tetiere

held - détenus, (main)tenir

modesty - la modestie, modestie

This letter, sealed with a small seal in blue wax, begged Monsieur Bovary to come immediately to the farm of the Bertaux to set a broken leg. Now from Tostes to the Bertaux was a good eighteen miles across country by way of Longueville and Saint-Victor. It was a dark night; Madame Bovary junior was afraid of accidents for her husband.

sealed - scellé, sceau

wax - la cire, cirons, cirez, cire, cirer, cirent

immediately - immédiatement, tout de suite, aussitôt

Saint - Saint

Victor - Victor

junior - junior, jeune

accidents - accidents, accident

So it was decided the stable-boy should go on first; Charles would start three hours later when the moon rose. A boy was to be sent to meet him, and show him the way to the farm, and open the gates for him.

stable-boy - (stable-boy) garçon d'écurie

moon - lune

gates - portes, porte, barriere

Towards four o'clock in the morning, Charles, well wrapped up in his cloak, set out for the Bertaux. Still sleepy from the warmth of his bed, he let himself be lulled by the quiet trot of his horse.

wrapped - enveloppé, enrouler (autour de)

cloak - cape, pelisse, pelerine

warmth - chaleur

lulled - bercé, pause, bonace, calme, apaiser, bercer, calmer

trot - trot, trotter

When it stopped of its own accord in front of those holes surrounded with thorns that are dug on the margin of furrows, Charles awoke with a start, suddenly remembered the broken leg, and tried to call to mind all the fractures he knew.

accord - accord, entente, accorder

surrounded - entouré, entourer, enceindre

thorns - épines, épine, thorn

dug - creusée, creusâmes, creusé, creusa, creuserent, (dig) creusée

margin - marge

furrows - sillons, sillon, rigole, ride, sillonner, froncer

awoke - s'est réveillé, (se) réveiller, (s')éveiller

mind - l'esprit, esprit, raison, intelligence, mémoire

fractures - des fractures, fracture, fracturer

The rain had stopped, day was breaking, and on the branches of the leafless trees birds roosted motionless, their little feathers bristling in the cold morning wind. The flat country stretched as far as eye could see, and the tufts of trees round the farms at long intervals seemed like dark violet stains on the cast grey surface, that on the horizon faded into the gloom of the sky.

branches - branches, branche, t+rameau, affluent, filiale

roosted - perché, perchoir

feathers - plumes, plume, fanon, mettre en drapeau, emplumer, fr

bristling - se hérisser, soie, poil

wind - vent, emmailloter, détortiller, langer, enrouler

flat country - un pays plat

tufts - des touffes, touffe

intervals - intervalles, intervalle

stains - taches, tache, souillure, colorant, tacher, entacher, colorer

cast - casting, jeter, diriger, lancer, additionner, sommer, muer

surface - surface, faire surface

horizon - horizon

faded - fanée, (s')affaiblir, diminuer

gloom - obscurité, pénombre, grisaille, morosité, noirceur

sky - ciel, nue

Charles from time to time opened his eyes, his mind grew weary, and, sleep coming upon him, he soon fell into a doze wherein, his recent sensations blending with memories, he became conscious of a double self, at once student and married man, lying in his bed as but now, and crossing the operation theatre as of old.

wherein - ou

recent - récente, récent

sensations - sensations, sensation

blending - mélange, (blend), mélanger, meler, mixer

memories - des souvenirs, mémoire, souvenir

conscious - conscient

double - double, sosie, doublon, doubler

self - soi, soi-meme

lying - gisant, sis, mentant, (lie) gisant

Crossing - carrefour, croisement, traversée, (cross), croix

The warm smell of poultices mingled in his brain with the fresh odour of dew; he heard the iron rings rattling along the curtain-rods of the bed and saw his wife sleeping. As he passed Vassonville he came upon a boy sitting on the grass at the edge of a ditch.

smell - odeur, parfum, gout, odorat, sentir, humer

poultices - les cataplasmes, cataplasme, emplâtre

mingled - mélangés, mélanger

brain - cerveau, or when used as food, tete, processeur

odour - odeur

dew - rosée

iron - le fer, fer, repasser

rattling - le cliquetis, (rattle) le cliquetis

curtain - rideau

rods - tiges, tige, canne a peche, verges, verge

grass - l'herbe, herbe, pelouse, gazon, beuh, balance, moucharder

ditch - fossé

"Are you the doctor?" asked the child.

And on Charles's answer he took his wooden shoes in his hands and ran on in front of him.

wooden - en bois, boisé, raide

The general practitioner, riding along, gathered from his guide's talk that Monsieur Rouault must be one of the well-to-do farmers.

general practitioner - médecin généraliste

gathered - rassemblés, rassembler, ramasser, recueillir

Guide - guide, conduire, guider, guident, diriger, guidez, mener

farmers - agriculteurs, agriculteur, fermier

He had broken his leg the evening before on his way home from a Twelfth-night feast at a neighbour's. His wife had been dead for two years. There was with him only his daughter, who helped him to keep house.

twelfth - douzieme, douzieme

feast - la fete, délibéré

dead - morts, mort, milieu, cour, profondeurs

keep house - garder la maison

The ruts were becoming deeper; they were approaching the Bertaux.

ruts - des ornieres, orniere

deeper - plus profond, profond, épais, grave, foncé, foncée

approaching - en approche, (s')approcher (de)

The little lad, slipping through a hole in the hedge, disappeared; then he came back to the end of a courtyard to open the gate. The horse slipped on the wet grass; Charles had to stoop to pass under the branches. The watchdogs in their kennels barked, dragging at their chains. As he entered the Bertaux, the horse took fright and stumbled.

slipping - glissement, glisser

hole - trou, réduit, fosse

hedge - couverture, haie

disappeared - a disparu, disparaître

courtyard - cour

Gate - la porte, porte

slipped - a glissé, glisser

stoop - s'arreter, s'incliner, incliner

pass - passer, doubler, passe, dépasser, passez, passons, passage

kennels - chenils, niche

dragging - traînant, tirer, entraîner

chains - chaînes, chaîne, enchaîner

took fright - a pris peur

stumbled - en état de choc, chute, faux pas, bourde, trébucher

It was a substantial-looking farm. In the stables, over the top of the open doors, one could see great cart-horses quietly feeding from new racks. Right along the outbuildings extended a large dunghill, from which manure liquid oozed, while amidst fowls and turkeys, five or six peacocks, a luxury in Chauchois farmyards, were foraging on the top of it.

substantial - substantielle, substantiel

cart - chariot, charrette

quietly - paisablement, tranquillement, quietement

feeding - l'alimentation, alimentant, (feed) l'alimentation

racks - des râteliers, porte-outils, étagere, porte-bagages, etc

outbuildings - les dépendances, dépendance, cabanon

extended - étendu, étendre, prolonger

manure - du fumier, fumier, purin

liquid - liquide

oozed - a suinté, suinter

amidst - au milieu

fowls - volailles, volaille, oiseau de basse-cour

turkeys - dindes, dinde, dindon, viande de dinde

peacocks - des paons, paon, paonne

luxury - le luxe, luxe

farmyards - les cours de ferme, basse-cour

Foraging - la recherche de nourriture, fourrage, fourrager

The sheepfold was long, the barn high, with walls smooth as your hand. Under the cart-shed were two large carts and four ploughs, with their whips, shafts and harnesses complete, whose fleeces of blue wool were getting soiled by the fine dust that fell from the granaries.

sheepfold - bergerie

barn - grange, stand, kiosque, échoppe

smooth - lisse, doux, facile, sophistiqué, naturel, souple, régulier

shed - hangar, verser, stand, kiosque, échoppe

carts - chariots, charrette

ploughs - les charrues, charrue, araire, labourer

whips - des fouets, fouet, whip, fouetter, flageller, défaire, battre

shafts - arbres, hampe, rachis, cage, entuber

harnesses - harnais, harnacher

fleeces - des polaires, toison, molleton, polaire

soiled - souillé, sol, terre

granaries - greniers, grenier, grenier a grain

The courtyard sloped upwards, planted with trees set out symmetrically, and the chattering noise of a flock of geese was heard near the pond.

sloped - en pente, pente, inclinaison

symmetrically - symétriquement

chattering - bavardage, (chatter) bavardage

flock - troupeau

pond - étang, mare

A young woman in a blue merino dress with three flounces came to the threshold of the door to receive Monsieur Bovary, whom she led to the kitchen, where a large fire was blazing. The servant's breakfast was boiling beside it in small pots of all sizes. Some damp clothes were drying inside the chimney-corner.

merino - mérinos

flounces - des volants, volant

threshold - seuil, seuil de tolérance

receive - recevoir

led - dirigé, DEL, LED, (lead) dirigé

large fire - un grand feu

blazing - flamboyant, feu, embrasement

boiling - en ébullition, ébullition, bouillonnement

beside it - a côté

pots - des casseroles, pot

sizes - tailles, taille, dimension(s)

inside - a l'intérieur, intérieur, dedans, au-dedans, la-dedans

chimney - cheminée

The shovel, tongs, and the nozzle of the bellows, all of colossal size, shone like polished steel, while along the walls hung many pots and pans in which the clear flame of the hearth, mingling with the first rays of the sun coming in through the window, was mirrored fitfully.

shovel - pelle, beche, peller

nozzle - buse, ajutage, jet, tuyere, museau

bellows - soufflets, mugir, beugler

colossal - colossal

size - taille, ampleur, pointure

polished - polie, polonais

steel - l'acier, acier

pans - casseroles, casserole, poele

clear - clair, transparent, libre, dégagé, sans ambiguité, s'éclaircir

flame - flamme, polémique

hearth - âtre, foyer, foyers

mingling - se meler, (mingle), mélanger

rays - rayons, rayon

mirrored - en miroir, glace, miroir, copie, refléter

fitfully - de façon irréguliere

Charles went up the first floor to see the patient. He found him in his bed, sweating under his bed-clothes, having thrown his cotton nightcap right away from him. He was a fat little man of fifty, with white skin and blue eyes, the forepart of his head bald, and he wore earrings.

first floor - Le premier étage

patient - patient, patiente, malade

sweating - transpiration, (sweat)

thrown - jeté, jeter, lancer

nightcap - bonnet de nuit

little man - petit homme

skin - la peau, peau, apparence, écorcher, égratigner, dépouiller

forepart - l'avant-plan

bald - chauve, lisse

earrings - boucles d'oreilles, boucle d'oreille

By his side on a chair stood a large decanter of brandy, whence he poured himself a little from time to time to keep up his spirits; but as soon as he caught sight of the doctor his elation subsided, and instead of swearing, as he had been doing for the last twelve hours, began to groan freely.

decanter - carafe, décanteur

brandy - du brandy, cognac, brandy, eau-de-vie

poured - versé, verser, se déverser

spirits - les esprits, esprit, moral, élan

elation - l'élation, élation, allégresse, exaltation

subsided - s'est apaisée, tomber, calmer

swearing - jurant, (swear) jurant

Last - derniere, dernier, durer, dernierere, durez, passé, durent

groan - gémir, râle, râlement, gémissement, grognement, grondement

freely - librement

The fracture was a simple one, without any kind of complication.

fracture - fracture, fracturer

simple - simple

complication - complication

Charles could not have hoped for an easier case. Then calling to mind the devices of his masters at the bedsides of patients, he comforted the sufferer with all sorts of kindly remarks, those caresses of the surgeon that are like the oil they put on bistouries. In order to make some splints a bundle of laths was brought up from the cart-house.

hoped for - espéré

case - cas, affaire, fouille, étui, chose

devices - des appareils, appareil, dispositif, stratageme, ruse, manouvre

masters - maîtres, maître/-tresse

comforted - réconforté, confort, consoler

sufferer - souffrant, malade

sorts - sortes, sorte

kindly - avec bienveillance

remarks - remarques, remarque

caresses - caresses, caresser

oil - huile

splints - des attelles, éclisse, attelle

bundle - bundle, faisceau, fagot, paquet, ballot (of goods)

laths - lattes, liteau, volige, latte

Charles selected one, cut it into two pieces and planed it with a fragment of windowpane, while the servant tore up sheets to make bandages, and Mademoiselle Emma tried to sew some pads. As she was a long time before she found her work-case, her father grew impatient; she did not answer, but as she sewed she pricked her fingers, which she then put to her mouth to suck them.

selected - sélectionné, sélect, choisir, sélectionner

fragment - fragment, fragmenter

windowpane - la vitre, vitre, carreau

tore up - Détruire

bandages - des bandages, bandage, pansement, panser

Mademoiselle - mademoiselle

Emma - emma

sew - coudre, cousez, cousons, couds, cousent

pads - tampons, coussinet

impatient - impatient

pricked - piqué, piquer, percer

suck - aspirer, sucer, téter, etre chiant, etre nul

Charles was surprised at the whiteness of her nails. They were shiny, delicate at the tips, more polished than the ivory of Dieppe, and almond-shaped. Yet her hand was not beautiful, perhaps not white enough, and a little hard at the knuckles; besides, it was too long, with no soft inflections in the outlines. Her real beauty was in her eyes.

whiteness - la blancheur, blancheur, blanchité, blanchitude

nails - clous, ongle

shiny - brillant

delicate - délicate, délicat, délicat (1, 2)

tips - des conseils, bout, pointe

ivory - ivoire

almond-shaped - (almond-shaped) en forme d'amande

Perhaps - peut-etre, peut-etre, possiblement

knuckles - poings américains, articulation du doigt, articulation

soft - souple, moelleux, alcoolsans, mou, doux

inflections - les inflexions, flexion, inflexion

outlines - les grandes lignes, contour, silhouette, esquisse, aperçu

beauty - la beauté, beauté

Although brown, they seemed black because of the lashes, and her look came at you frankly, with a candid boldness.

lashes - cils, cil

frankly - franchement

candid - sincere, spontané, candide

boldness - l'audace, audace

The bandaging over, the doctor was invited by Monsieur Rouault himself to "pick a bit" before he left.

bandaging - bandage, pansement, panser

invited - invités, inviter (a)

pick - pioche, passeartout, choix, écran, prendre, cueillir, choisir

Charles went down into the room on the ground floor. Knives and forks and silver goblets were laid for two on a little table at the foot of a huge bed that had a canopy of printed cotton with figures representing Turks. There was an odour of iris-root and damp sheets that escaped from a large oak chest opposite the window. On the floor in corners were sacks of flour stuck upright in rows.

ground floor - le rez-de-chaussée

knives - couteaux, couteau

forks - fourches, fourchette, fourche

silver - l'argent, argent

goblets - gobelets, gobelet

laid - posé, poser

huge - énorme

canopy - d'auvent, dais, baldaquin, voute, marquise, canopée

printed - imprimée, imprimer, imprimé, empreinte, estampe

figures - chiffres, figure, forme, personnage, personnalité

representing - représentant, représenter

Turks - les turcs, Turc, Turque

iris - iris

root - racine, enraciner, enracinez, enracinons, enracinent, rave

escaped - s'est échappé, échapper, s'échapper, éviter, tirer

corners - coins, coin, rencogner, piéger, acculer

sacks - sacs, sac

flour - farine, fariner, enfariner

stuck - coincé, enfoncer

upright - debout, integre, montant

rows - rangées, rang(ée)

These were the overflow from the neighbouring granary, to which three stone steps led. By way of decoration for the apartment, hanging to a nail in the middle of the wall, whose green paint scaled off from the effects of the saltpetre, was a crayon head of Minerva in gold frame, underneath which was written in Gothic letters "To dear Papa."

overflow - débordement, déborder, checktransborder, checks'épancher

granary - grenier, grenier a grain

stone - pierre, roche, caillou, roc

decoration - la décoration, décoration

hanging - suspension, (hang) suspension

nail - clou, ongle, enclouer, clouer, caboche

scaled - a l'échelle, graduation

effects - effets, effet, effets-p, effectuer

saltpetre - le salpetre

crayon - crayon de couleur, pastel, craie de cire

frame - encadrer, cadre, armature, ossature, image, manche, frame, trame

underneath - dessous, en dessous, du dessous, d'en dessous

Gothic - gotique, gothique

papa - papa

First they spoke of the patient, then of the weather, of the great cold, of the wolves that infested the fields at night.

wolves - loups, loup, tombeur, dévorer, engloutir

Mademoiselle Rouault did not at all like the country, especially now that she had to look after the farm almost alone. As the room was chilly, she shivered as she ate. This showed something of her full lips, that she had a habit of biting when silent.

especially - spécialement, particulierement, surtout, en particulier

look after - s'occuper

alone - seul

chilly - frisquet

shivered - frissonné, frissonner

Her neck stood out from a white turned-down collar.

turned-down - (turned-down) refusé

collar - col, collier

Her hair, whose two black folds seemed each of a single piece, so smooth were they, was parted in the middle by a delicate line that curved slightly with the curve of the head; and, just showing the tip of the ear, it was joined behind in a thick chignon, with a wavy movement at the temples that the country doctor saw now for the first time in his life.

folds - plis, plier

curved - courbé, courbe, courbes, courber

slightly - légerement, finement, délicatement, légerement

thick - épais, gros, dense, opaque, incompréhensible, lourd

chignon - chignon

wavy - ondé

movement - mouvement

temples - temples, temple

The upper part of her cheek was rose-coloured. She had, like a man, thrust in between two buttons of her bodice a tortoise-shell eyeglass.

thrust - estocade, poussée, propulser

bodice - corsage

tortoise-shell - (tortoise-shell) carapace de tortue

eyeglass - lunettes, monocle

When Charles, after bidding farewell to old Rouault, returned to the room before leaving, he found her standing, her forehead against the window, looking into the garden, where the bean props had been knocked down by the wind. She turned round. "Are you looking for anything?" she asked.

Farewell - adieu, prendre congé, dire adieu, faire ses adieux

bean - haricot

props - des accessoires, support

knocked down - renversé

"My whip, if you please," he answered.

whip - fouet, whip, fouetter, flageller, défaire, battre

He began rummaging on the bed, behind the doors, under the chairs. It had fallen to the floor, between the sacks and the wall. Mademoiselle Emma saw it, and bent over the flour sacks.

rummaging - fouiller

fallen to - Tomber

Charles out of politeness made a dash also, and as he stretched out his arm, at the same moment felt his breast brush against the back of the young girl bending beneath him. She drew herself up, scarlet, and looked at him over her shoulder as she handed him his whip.

politeness - la politesse, politesse

breast - sein, poitrine, cour, poitrail, blanc

brush - brosse, brossage, accrochage, brosser, se brosser, peindre

bending - de flexion, flexion, (bend), courber, tordre, tourner

scarlet - écarlate

Instead of returning to the Bertaux in three days as he had promised, he went back the very next day, then regularly twice a week, without counting the visits he paid now and then as if by accident.

promised - promis, vou, promesse, promettre

regularly - régulierement, régulierement, fréquemment, normalement

by accident - par accident

Everything, moreover, went well; the patient progressed favourably; and when, at the end of forty-six days, old Rouault was seen trying to walk alone in his "den," Monsieur Bovary began to be looked upon as a man of great capacity. Old Rouault said that he could not have been cured better by the first doctor of Yvetot, or even of Rouen.

progressed - a progressé, progres

favourably - favorablement

den - den, nid

capacity - capacité

cured - guérie, clébard, corniaud, roquet, clebs, chien

As to Charles, he did not stop to ask himself why it was a pleasure to him to go to the Bertaux. Had he done so, he would, no doubt, have attributed his zeal to the importance of the case, or perhaps to the money he hoped to make by it. Was it for this, however, that his visits to the farm formed a delightful exception to the meagre occupations of his life?

pleasure - plaisir, volupté, désir

attributed - attribuée, attribut, épithete or déterminant

zeal - le zele, zele, assiduité

importance - importance

delightful - délicieux

exception - exception

meagre - maigre

occupations - professions, occupation

On these days he rose early, set off at a gallop, urging on his horse, then got down to wipe his boots in the grass and put on black gloves before entering. He liked going into the courtyard, and noticing the gate turn against his shoulder, the cock crow on the wall, the lads run to meet him.

gallop - galop, galoper

urging - l'exhortation, exhortant, (urge), pulsion, pousser, inciter

wipe - essuyer, essuyez, essuyent, essuyons

gloves - gants, gant

entering - entrant, (enter), entrer, rench: t-needed r, taper

noticing - remarquer, notification, préavis

cock crow - Chant du cock

lads - les gars, garçon, gars, jeune homme, palefrenier

run to meet - Courir pour rencontrer

He liked the granary and the stables; he liked old Rouault, who pressed his hand and called him his saviour; he liked the small wooden shoes of Mademoiselle Emma on the scoured flags of the kitchen"her high heels made her a little taller; and when she walked in front of him, the wooden soles springing up quickly struck with a sharp sound against the leather of her boots.

pressed - pressé, appuyer sur, presser

saviour - sauveur

scoured - nettoyée, récurer

flags - drapeaux, drapeau

heels - talons, talon

soles - semelles, plante (du pied)

struck - frappé, biffer, rayer, barrer, frapper, battre

sharp - pointu, affilé, coupant, affuté, tranchant

leather - cuir, de cuir

She always accompanied him to the first step of the stairs. When his horse had not yet been brought round she stayed there. They had said "Good-bye"; there was no more talking. The open air wrapped her round, playing with the soft down on the back of her neck, or blew to and fro on her hips the apron-strings, that fluttered like streamers.

accompanied - accompagné, accompagner

step - étape, marche

stairs - escaliers, marche, escalier, volée

Good-bye - (Good-bye) Au revoir

open air - a l'air libre

blew - soufflé, coup

fro - fro

hips - hanches, hanche

apron - tablier, tarmac, piste

strings - cordes, corde, suite, série, chaîne de caracteres

streamers - des banderoles, fanion

Once, during a thaw the bark of the trees in the yard was oozing, the snow on the roofs of the outbuildings was melting; she stood on the threshold, and went to fetch her sunshade and opened it. The sunshade of silk of the colour of pigeons'breasts, through which the sun shone, lighted up with shifting hues the white skin of her face.

thaw - dégeler, dégel

bark - l'écorce, écorce, coque, aboyer

oozing - suintant, suinter

roofs - les toits, toit

melting - la fonte, fusion, (melt), fondre (1), se dissoudre (2)

fetch - chercher, apporter, aveignez, amener, aveignent, apportons

sunshade - ombrelle, parasol

silk - soie

pigeons - pigeons, pigeon

breasts - seins, sein, poitrine, cour

lighted up - allumé

shifting - le changement de vitesse, mutation, (shift), quart, équipe

hues - teintes, teinte

She smiled under the tender warmth, and drops of water could be heard falling one by one on the stretched silk.

smiled - souriait, sourire

tender - l'appel d'offres, doux, adjudication, affectieux

drops - gouttes, goutte

During the first period of Charles's visits to the Bertaux, Madame Bovary junior never failed to inquire after the invalid, and she had even chosen in the book that she kept on a system of double entry a clean blank page for Monsieur Rouault.

inquire after - demander apres

invalid - invalide, périmé

system - systeme, systeme

entry - entrée, acces, vestibule, article

blank - vide, blanc, vierge, balles a blanc, préforme, espace

But when she heard he had a daughter, she began to make inquiries, and she learnt the Mademoiselle Rouault, brought up at the Ursuline Convent, had received what is called "a good education"; and so knew dancing, geography, drawing, how to embroider and play the piano. That was the last straw.

inquiries - des demandes de renseignements, enquete

convent - couvent

received - reçu, recevoir

education - l'éducation, éducation, enseignement

embroider - broder

straw - paille, fétu, jaune paille

"So it is for this," she said to herself, "that his face beams when he goes to see her, and that he puts on his new waistcoat at the risk of spoiling it with the rain. Ah! that woman! That woman!"

beams - poutres, madrier, poutre, merrain, perche, limon, timon, age

puts on - Mettre

waistcoat - gilet

Risk - risque

spoiling - gâcher, gâter, tourner, dévoiler, révéler

And she detested her instinctively. At first she solaced herself by allusions that Charles did not understand, then by casual observations that he let pass for fear of a storm, finally by open apostrophes to which he knew not what to answer. "Why did he go back to the Bertaux now that Monsieur Rouault was cured and that these folks hadn't paid yet? Ah!

detested - détesté, détester, mépriser

solaced - solitaire, consolation, réconfort

allusions - des allusions, allusion

casual - fortuit, accidentel, de hasard, occasionnel, désinvolte, sport

observations - observations, observation, remarque

let pass - laisser passer

pass for - passe pour

fear - peur, angoisse, craignent, crainte, crains, craignons

storm - tempete, orage

apostrophes - apostrophes, apostrophe

cured - guérie, guérir, soigner

folks - des gens, populaire, peuple

it was because a young lady was there, some one who know how to talk, to embroider, to be witty. That was what he cared about; he wanted town misses." And she went on"

lady - dame, madame, lady

witty - de l'esprit, fin

"The daughter of old Rouault a town miss! Get out! Their grandfather was a shepherd, and they have a cousin who was almost had up at the assizes for a nasty blow in a quarrel. It is not worth while making such a fuss, or showing herself at church on Sundays in a silk gown like a countess.

shepherd - berger, bergere, pasteur, pâtre

blow - souffler, soufflons, soufflent, soufflez, coup

quarrel - querelle, bagarrer, noise, algarade, dispute

such - tel, tellement, ainsi

fuss - l'agitation, agitation, histoires, s’agiter, s’empresser

gown - robe, toge (general term, especially Roman Antiquity)

Countess - comtesse

Besides, the Poor old chap, if it hadn't been for the colza last year, would have had much ado to pay up his arrears."

Poor old chap - Pauvre vieux

colza - colza, chou

ado - ado, cérémonies, manieres, bruit, histoire

arrears - des arriérés, arriéré

For very weariness Charles left off going to the Bertaux. Heloise made him swear, his hand on the prayer-book, that he would go there no more after much sobbing and many kisses, in a great outburst of love.

swear - jurer, blasphémer, jurez, jurons, jurent

sobbing - sanglots, sanglotement, sanglotant, sanglotante, (sob), fdp

kisses - des baisers, (s')embrasser

He obeyed then, but the strength of his desire protested against the servility of his conduct; and he thought, with a kind of naive hypocrisy, that his interdict to see her gave him a sort of right to love her.

obeyed - obéi, obéir, obtempérer

strength - la force, force, vigueur, effectif, point fort

desire - désirer, désir

protested - protesté, protester, protestation, manifestation

naive - naif, naif, ingénu

hypocrisy - l'hypocrisie, hypocrisie, faux-culterie

interdict - l'interdiction, interdit, interdire

And then the widow was thin; she had long teeth; wore in all weathers a little black shawl, the edge of which hung down between her shoulder-blades; her bony figure was sheathed in her clothes as if they were a scabbard; they were too short, and displayed her ankles with the laces of her large boots crossed over grey stockings.

shawl - châle

shoulder-blades - (shoulder-blades) les omoplates

bony - osseux

sheathed - gainé, fourreau

scabbard - fourreau

displayed - affichée, représentation, spectacle, moniteur, écran

ankles - chevilles, cheville

laces - lacets, lacet

crossed - croisé, crosse

Charles's mother came to see them from time to time, but after a few days the daughter-in-law seemed to put her own edge on her, and then, like two knives, they scarified him with their reflections and observations. It was wrong of him to eat so much.

reflections - réflexions, réflexion, reflet, qualifiereaning 4

Why did he always offer a glass of something to everyone who came? What obstinacy not to wear flannels! In the spring it came about that a notary at Ingouville, the holder of the widow Dubuc's property, one fine day went off, taking with him all the money in his office. Heloise, it is true, still possessed, besides a share in a boat valued at six thousand francs, her house in the Rue St.

obstinacy - l'obstination, entetement, obstination

flannels - des flanelles, flanelle

came about - arriva

notary - notaire, notairesse

holder - porteur, porteuse, détenteur, détentrice

property - propriété, accessoire

possessed - possédé, posséder, s'emparer de

share in - partager

valued - valorisée, valeur

Francois; and yet, with all this fortune that had been so trumpeted abroad, nothing, excepting perhaps a little furniture and a few clothes, had appeared in the household. The matter had to be gone into. The house at Dieppe was found to be eaten up with mortgages to its foundations; what she had placed with the notary God only knew, and her share in the boat did not exceed one thousand crowns.

trumpeted - trompette, trompettiste, barrissement

abroad - a l'étranger, a l'étranger, de tous côtés

excepting - a l'exception de, faire une exception

appeared - est apparu, apparaître, paraître, sembler

household - foyer, ménage, maisonnée, domestique

matter - matiere, matiere, affaire, question, cause, substance

gone into - entré dans

be eaten up with - etre mangé avec

mortgages - hypotheques, hypotheque, hypothéquer

foundations - des fondations, fondation, fondement

placed with - placé avec

God - dieu, idolâtrer, déifier

exceed - excéder, dépasser

crowns - couronnes, couronne

She had lied, the good lady! In his exasperation, Monsieur Bovary the elder, smashing a chair on the flags, accused his wife of having caused misfortune to the son by harnessing him to such a harridan, whose harness wasn't worth her hide. They came to Tostes. Explanations followed. There were scenes.

lied - menties, gésîmes, gési, gésie, gésirent, menti

exasperation - l'exaspération, exaspération

smashing - fracassant, smash, fracasser, percuter, écraser

accused - accusé, accuser

caused - causée, cause, raison, causer

misfortune - malchance, mésaventure, malheur

harnessing - l'harnachement, harnais, harnacher

harridan - harridan, harpie, dragon, virago, haridelle

wasn - n'était

hide - cacher, planquer, peau, fourrure

explanations - des explications, explication

scenes - scenes, scene, scene de ménage

Heloise in tears, throwing her arms about her husband, implored him to defend her from his parents.

Tears - des larmes, larme

defend - défendre

Charles tried to speak up for her. They grew angry and left the house.

speak up - parler

But "the blow had struck home." A week after, as she was hanging up some washing in her yard, she was seized with a spitting of blood, and the next day, while Charles had his back turned to her drawing the window-curtain, she said, "O God!" gave a sigh and fainted. She was dead! What a surprise! When all was over at the cemetery Charles went home.

hanging up - raccrocher

seized with - saisir

sigh - soupir

fainted - s'est évanoui, faible, léger

surprise - surprise, surprendre, étonner

cemetery - cimetiere, cimetere

He found no one downstairs; he went up to the first floor to their room; saw her dress still hanging at the foot of the alcove; then, leaning against the writing-table, he stayed until the evening, buried in a sorrowful reverie. She had loved him after all!

alcove - alcôve

leaning - penchant, adossant, (lean) penchant

buried - enterré, enterrer

sorrowful - chagrin

reverie - reverie

Chapter Three

One morning old Rouault brought Charles the money for setting his leg"seventy-five francs in forty-sou pieces, and a turkey. He had heard of his loss, and consoled him as well as he could.

sou - sou

turkey - la dinde, dinde, dindon, viande de dinde

Loss - perte, déperdition, perdition, déchet, coulage

consoled - consolé, consoler

"I know what it is," said he, clapping him on the shoulder; "I've been through it. When I lost my dear departed, I went into the fields to be quite alone. I fell at the foot of a tree; I cried; I called on God; I talked nonsense to Him. I wanted to be like the moles that I saw on the branches, their insides swarming with worms, dead, and an end of it.

moles - taupes, grain de beauté

insides - a l'intérieur, intérieur, dedans, au-dedans

swarming - l'essaimage, (swarm), essaim (flying insects)

worms - des vers, ver, vermine, scarabée, vis sans fin, dragon

And when I thought that there were others at that very moment with their nice little wives holding them in their embrace, I struck great blows on the earth with my stick. I was pretty well mad with not eating; the very idea of going to a cafe disgusted me"you wouldn't believe it.

Embrace - étreindre, embrasser, accolade, embrassement, embrassade

blows - coups, (blow) coups

stick - bâton, canne, stick

mad - fou, folle, fol, fâché, en colere

disgusted - dégouté, dégouter, dégout

Well, quite softly, one day following another, a spring on a winter, and an autumn after a summer, this wore away, piece by piece, crumb by crumb; it passed away, it is gone, I should say it has sunk; for something always remains at the bottom as one would say"a weight here, at one's heart.

softly - en douceur, doucement

crumb - miette, mie, paner

sunk - coulé, enfoncés, enfoncé, enfoncées, enfoncée

remains - reste, rester, demeurer

bottom - fond, bas, dessous, arriere-train, cul

But since it is the lot of all of us, one must not give way altogether, and, because others have died, want to die too. You must Pull yourself together, Monsieur Bovary. It will pass away. Come to see us; my daughter thinks of you now and again, d'ye know, and she says you are forgetting her. Spring will soon be here. We'll have some rabbit-shooting in the warrens to amuse you a bit."

Since - depuis lors, depuis, depuis que, puisque, vu que

give way - céder le passage

Pull yourself together - Se ressaisir

pass away - passer

ye - ou, lequel

rabbit - lapin

shooting - le tir, tir, fusillade, (shoot) le tir

warrens - les guerres, garenne

amuse - amuser

Charles followed his advice. He went back to the Bertaux. He found all as he had left it, that is to say, as it was five months ago. The pear trees were already in blossom, and Farmer Rouault, on his legs again, came and went, making the farm more full of life.

pear - poire, poirier

blossom - fleur, floraison, fleurir, s'épanouir

Thinking it his duty to heap the greatest attention upon the doctor because of his sad position, he begged him not to take his hat off, spoke to him in an undertone as if he had been ill, and even pretended to be angry because nothing rather lighter had been prepared for him than for the others, such as a little clotted cream or stewed pears. He told stories.

Duty - le devoir, devoir, obligation, service, travail, taxe

heap - tas, pile, monceau

attention - attention, attentions, garde a vous

position - position, poste

undertone - sous-entendu, nuance

pretended - prétendu, prétendre, prétendre a, feindre, faire semblant

clotted - coagulé, caillot, thrombus, imbécile, idiot, coaguler, cailler

stewed - a l'étouffée, mijoter

pears - poires, poire, poirier

Charles found himself laughing, but the remembrance of his wife suddenly coming back to him depressed him. Coffee was brought in; he thought no more about her.

depressed - déprimé, appuyer

He thought less of her as he grew accustomed to living alone. The new delight of independence soon made his loneliness bearable. He could now change his meal-times, go in or out without explanation, and when he was very tired stretch himself at full length on his bed. So he nursed and coddled himself and accepted the consolations that were offered him.

delight - plaisir, délice, joie, enchanter, ravir

Independence - l'indépendance, indépendance

loneliness - la solitude, solitude

bearable - vivable, supportable

explanation - explication

stretch - étendre, s'étendre, s'étirer, étirement

full length - pleine longueur

coddled - dorloté, choyer, dorloter, mijoter, couver

consolations - des consolations, consoler, consolation

On the other hand, the death of his wife had not served him ill in his business, since for a month people had been saying, "The poor young man! what a loss!" His name had been talked about, his practice had increased; and moreover, he could go to the Bertaux just as he liked.

served - servi, service, servir, signifier, purger

increased - augmenté, augmenter, croître, accroître, augmentation

He had an aimless hope, and was vaguely happy; he thought himself better looking as he brushed his whiskers before the looking-glass.

vaguely - vaguement

brushed - brossé, brosse, brossage, accrochage, brosser

One day he got there about three o'clock. Everybody was in the fields. He went into the kitchen, but did not at once catch sight of Emma; the outside shutters were closed. Through the chinks of the wood the sun sent across the flooring long fine rays that were broken at the corners of the furniture and trembled along the ceiling.

catch sight - Apercevoir

shutters - des volets, volet, contrevent, obturateur

chinks - les chinetoques, fente, fissure

trembled - tremblait, trembler, vibrer, tremblement, vibration

ceiling - plafond, (ceil) plafond

Some flies on the table were crawling up the glasses that had been used, and buzzing as they drowned themselves in the dregs of the cider. The daylight that came in by the chimney made velvet of the soot at the back of the fireplace, and touched with blue the cold cinders.

crawling - a quatre pattes, (crawl) a quatre pattes

buzzing - bourdonnement, vrombissement, (buzz), coup de fil, bourdonner

themselves - eux-memes, se, eux-memes, elles-memes

dregs - la lie, lie

daylight - la lumiere du jour, jour, lumiere du jour

Soot - la suie, suie

fireplace - âtre, foyer, cheminée

touched - touché, toucher, émouvoir, contact

Between the window and the hearth Emma was sewing; she wore no fichu; he could see small drops of perspiration on her bare shoulders.

sewing - cousant, suture, (sew) cousant

fichu - fichu

perspiration - la transpiration, transpiration

After the fashion of country folks she asked him to have something to drink. He said no; she insisted, and at last laughingly offered to have a glass of liqueur with him. So she went to fetch a bottle of curacao from the cupboard, reached down two small glasses, filled one to the brim, poured scarcely anything into the other, and, after having clinked glasses, carried hers to her mouth.

insisted - insisté, insister

laughingly - en riant

liqueur - liqueur, ratafia

curacao - Curaçao

cupboard - placard, armoire, buffet

reached - atteint, arriver/parvenir a

brim - bord

scarcely anything - presque rien

clinked - clinked, tintement

As it was almost empty she bent back to drink, her head thrown back, her lips pouting, her neck on the strain. She laughed at getting none of it, while with the tip of her tongue passing between her small teeth she licked drop by drop the bottom of her glass.

thrown back - jeté en arriere

pouting - faire la moue, (pout) faire la moue

strain - souche, accablement

laughed at - dont on se moque

none - aucun, ne nulle

tongue - langue, languette

passing - en passant, passager, éminent, rapide, extremement

licked - léché, lécher

drop by drop - goutte a goutte

She sat down again and took up her work, a white cotton stocking she was darning. She worked with her head bent down; she did not speak, nor did Charles. The air coming in under the door blew a little dust over the flags; he watched it drift along, and heard nothing but the throbbing in his head and the faint clucking of a hen that had laid an egg in the yard.

stocking - bas, collante, (stock) bas

darning - l'apprentissage, (darn) l'apprentissage

nor - ni, NON-OU

drift - dérive, dériver, errer, dévier

throbbing - des palpitations, (throb), battre, palpiter, vibrer, résonner

faint - évanouissement, s'évanouir, défailles, défaillez, défaillir

clucking - le gloussement, gloussement, glousser

hen - poule, poulet, poularde

Emma from time to time cooled her cheeks with the palms of her hands, and cooled these again on the knobs of the huge fire-dogs.

cheeks - joues, joue, fesse, culot, toupet, potence de bringuebale

palms - des palmiers, paume

She complained of suffering since the beginning of the season from giddiness; she asked if sea-baths would do her any good; she began talking of her convent, Charles of his school; words came to them. They went up into her bedroom. She showed him her old music-books, the little prizes she had won, and the oak-leaf crowns, left at the bottom of a cupboard.

suffering - la souffrance, souffrance, douleur

season - saison

giddiness - des vertiges

prizes - des prix, forcer, ouvrir de force

leaf - feuille, rallonge, battant, ouvrant, vantail, feuiller

She spoke to him, too, of her mother, of the country, and even showed him the bed in the garden where, on the first Friday of every month, she gathered flowers to put on her mother's tomb. But the gardener they had never knew anything about it; servants are so stupid!

tomb - tombe, tombeau

gardener - jardinier, jardiniere

stupid - stupide, bete

She would have dearly liked, if only for the winter, to live in town, although the length of the fine days made the country perhaps even more wearisome in the summer.

Dearly - cherement

Length - longueur, durée

And, according to what she was saying, her voice was clear, sharp, or, on a sudden all languor, drawn out in modulations that ended almost in murmurs as she spoke to herself, now joyous, opening big naive eyes, then with her eyelids half closed, her look full of boredom, her thoughts wandering.

according - selon, entente, accorder

sudden - soudain, soudaine, subit

languor - langueur

murmurs - murmures, murmure, rumeur, souffle, murmurer

joyous - joyeux

eyelids - paupieres, paupiere

boredom - l'ennui, ennui

thoughts - réflexions, idée, pensée

wandering - l'errance, errement, errance, divagation, (wander), errer

Going home at night, Charles went over her words one by one, trying to recall them, to fill out their sense, that he might piece out the life she had lived before he knew her. But he never saw her in his thoughts other than he had seen her the first time, or as he had just left her. Then he asked himself what would become of her"if she would be married, and to whom! Alas!

recall - rappeler

fill out - remplir

sense - sens, acception, sentir

Alas - hélas, hélas!, (ala) hélas

Old Rouault was rich, and she!"so beautiful! But Emma's face always rose before his eyes, and a monotone, like the humming of a top, sounded in his ears, "If you should marry after all! If you should marry!" At night he could not sleep; his throat was parched; he was athirst. He got up to drink from the water-bottle and opened the window.

humming - fredonner, (hum), bourdonner, fourmiller

marry - se marier, marions, marient, épousez, mariez

throat - gorge, goulot

parched - desséché, assoiffer

athirst - altéré

The night was covered with stars, a warm wind blowing in the distance; the dogs were barking. He turned his head towards the Bertaux.

blowing - souffler, coup

distance - distance, éloigner, checks'éloigner

barking - aboiement

Thinking that, after all, he should lose nothing, Charles promised himself to Ask her in marriage as soon as occasion offered, but each time such occasion did offer the fear of not finding the right words sealed his lips.

Ask her in - L'inviter a entrer

Occasion - occasion

Old Rouault would not have been sorry to be rid of his daughter, who was of no use to him in the house. In his heart he excused her, thinking her too clever for farming, a calling under the ban of Heaven, since one never saw a millionaire in it.

ban - interdiction, ban

millionaire - millionnaire

Far from having made a fortune by it, the good man was losing every year; for if he was good in bargaining, in which he enjoyed the dodges of the trade, on the other hand, agriculture properly so called, and the internal management of the farm, suited him less than most people.

A fortune - une fortune

bargaining - la négociation, accord, affaire, bonne affaire, marchander

dodges - esquive, éviter, contourner, esquiver, éluder

trade - le commerce

agriculture - l'agriculture, agriculture

properly - proprement, correctement, convenablement

so called - ainsi appelé

internal - interne

management - la gestion

suited - adapté, complet, costume, tailleur, combinaison, costard

He did not willingly take his hands out of his pockets, and did not spare expense in all that concerned himself, liking to eat well, to have good fires, and to sleep well. He liked old cider, underdone legs of mutton, glorias[5] well beaten up. He took his meals in the kitchen alone, opposite the fire, on a little table brought to him all ready laid as on the stage.

willingly - volontairement, volontiers

hands out - Distribuer

pockets - poches, poche, empocher, de poche

concerned - préoccupé, inquiétude, souci, soin, préoccupation

underdone - pas assez cuit

mutton - du mouton, mouton

beaten up - battu

stage - scene, étape, phase, scene, caleche, platine, mettre en scene

[5] A mixture of coffee and spirits.

mixture - mélange, mixture

When, therefore, he perceived that Charles's cheeks grew red if near his daughter, which meant that he would propose for her one of these days, he chewed the cud of the matter beforehand.

therefore - par conséquent, en conséquence, donc, pour ça

perceived - perçue, percevoir

propose - proposer, demander en mariage

chewed - mâché, mâcher, mordiller, mastiquer

cud - cud, ruminer

beforehand - a l'avance

He certainly thought him a little meagre, and not quite the son-in-law he would have liked, but he was said to be well brought-up, economical, very learned, and no doubt would not make too many difficulties about the dowry.

Certainly - certainement, surement, sans nul doute, sans aucun doute

economical - économe, économique

difficulties - des difficultés, difficulté

Now, as old Rouault would soon be forced to sell twenty-two acres of "his property," as he owed a good deal to the mason, to the harness-maker, and as the shaft of the cider-press wanted renewing, "If he asks for her," he said to himself, "I'll give her to him."

acres - acres, acre

owed - du, devoir

deal - accord, dispenser, distribuer

Mason - mason, maçon, maçonne

harness - harnais, harnacher

Maker - le fabricant, faiseur, fabricant, créateur

shaft - arbre, hampe, rachis, cage, entuber

press - presse, pressons, serre, pressent, pressez, serrer

renewing - le renouvellement, renouveler

asks for - demande

At Michaelmas Charles went to spend three days at the Bertaux.

The last had passed like the others in procrastinating from hour to hour. Old Rouault was seeing him off; they were walking along the road full of ruts; they were about to part. This was the time. Charles gave himself as far as to the corner of the hedge, and at last, when past it"

procrastinating - la procrastination, procrastiner

"Monsieur Rouault," he murmured, "I should like to say something to you."

murmured - murmuré, murmure, rumeur, souffle, murmurer

They stopped. Charles was silent.

"Well, tell me your story. Don't I know all about it?" said old Rouault, laughing softly.

"Monsieur Rouault"Monsieur Rouault," stammered Charles.

stammered - balbutié, balbutier, bégayer, bégaiement

"I ask nothing better", the farmer went on. "Although, no doubt, the little one is of my mind, still we must ask her opinion. So you get off"I'll go back home. If it is ˜yes', you needn't return because of all the people about, and besides it would upset her too much.

little one - petit

needn - n'a pas besoin

upset - fâché, dérangé, perturbé, bouleversé, remué, énerver

But so that you mayn't be eating your heart, I'll open wide the outer shutter of the window against the wall; you can see it from the back by leaning over the hedge."

shutter - volet, contrevent, obturateur

And he went off.

Charles fastened his horse to a tree; he ran into the road and waited. Half an hour passed, then he counted nineteen minutes by his watch. Suddenly a noise was heard against the wall; the shutter had been thrown back; the hook was still swinging.

fastened - fixé, attacher, fixer

counted - compté, comte

Hook - crochet, agrafe, hook, accrocher

swinging - l'échangisme, pivotant, (swing), osciller, se balancer

The next day by nine o'clock he was at the farm. Emma blushed as he entered, and she gave a little forced laugh to keep herself in countenance. Old Rouault embraced his future son-in-law.

blushed - rougi, rougeur

embraced - embrassée, étreindre, embrasser, accolade

The discussion of money matters was put off; moreover, there was plenty of time before them, as the marriage could not decently take place till Charles was out of mourning, that is to say, about the spring of the next year.

discussion - discussion

put off - Mettre de côté

plenty - l'abondance, abondance

decently - convenablement

mourning - le deuil, deuil, (mourn), déplorer, porter le deuil

The winter passed waiting for this. Mademoiselle Rouault was busy with her trousseau. Part of it was ordered at Rouen, and she made herself chemises and nightcaps after fashion-plates that she borrowed.

chemises - des chemises, chemise de nuit, nuisette

nightcaps - des capsules de nuit, bonnet de nuit

plates - plaques, assiette

borrowed - emprunté, emprunter

When Charles visited the farmer, the preparations for the wedding were talked over; they wondered in what room they should have dinner; they dreamed of the number of dishes that would be wanted, and what should be entrees.

preparations - préparations, préparation, concoction

wedding - mariage, (wed), marier, épouser

wondered - s'est demandé, merveille, étonner

Emma would, on the contrary, have preferred to have a midnight wedding with torches, but old Rouault could not understand such an idea. So there was a wedding at which forty-three persons were present, at which they remained sixteen hours at table, began again the next day, and to some extent on the days following.

contrary - contraire, contrepied

torches - torches, torche, flambeau, incendier

extent - mesure, étendue

Chapter Four

The guests arrived early in carriages, in one-horse chaises, two-wheeled cars, old open gigs, waggonettes with leather hoods, and the young people from the nearer villages in carts, in which they stood up in rows, holding on to the sides so as not to fall, going at a trot and well shaken up. Some came from a distance of thirty miles, from Goderville, from Normanville, and from Cany.

guests - invités, invité, invitée, hôte, client

carriages - les wagons, rench: -neededr, carrosse, port, chariot

wheeled - sur roues, roue, barre, rouler

gigs - gigs, concert

waggonettes - waggonettes

hoods - cagoules, capuchon, capuche

holding on - Tenir bon

sides - côtés, côté

at a trot - au trot

shaken up - secoué

All the relatives of both families had been invited, quarrels between friends arranged, acquaintances long since lost sight of written to.

relatives - parents, relatif, parent, géniteur, génitrice

quarrels - querelles, dispute

acquaintances - des connaissances, relation, qualifier

From time to time one heard the crack of a whip behind the hedge; then the gates opened, a chaise entered. Galloping up to the foot of the steps, it stopped short and emptied its load. They got down from all sides, rubbing knees and stretching arms.

crack - crack, croustiller, fissure, craquement, fracas, craquer

galloping - au galop, galop, galoper

emptied - vidée, vide, vider, cadavre

load - charge, chargement, fardeau

all sides - de tous les côtés

rubbing - le frottement, frottage, froissement, lessivage

stretching - l'étirement, étendre, s'étendre, s'étirer, étirement

The ladies, wearing bonnets, had on dresses in the town fashion, gold watch chains, pelerines with the ends tucked into belts, or little coloured fichus fastened down behind with a pin, and that left the back of the neck bare.

ladies - mesdames, dame, madame, lady

bonnets - bonnets, bonnet, qualifier

tucked - tucked, rempli

belts - ceintures, ceinture, courroie, région

fichus - fichus, fichu

pin - épingle

The lads, dressed like their papas, seemed uncomfortable in their new clothes (many that day hand-sewed their first pair of boots), and by their sides, speaking never a work, wearing the white dress of their first communion lengthened for the occasion were some big girls of fourteen or sixteen, cousins or elder sisters no doubt, rubicund, bewildered, their hair greasy with rose pomade, and very much afraid of dirtying their gloves. As there were not enough stable-boys to unharness all the carriages, the gentlemen turned up their sleeves and set about it themselves. According to their different social positions they wore tail-coats, overcoats, shooting jackets, cutaway-coats; fine tail-coats, redolent of family respectability, that only came out of the wardrobe on state occasions; overcoats with long tails flapping in the wind and round capes and pockets like sacks; shooting jackets of coarse cloth, generally worn with a cap with a brass-bound peak; very short cutaway-coats with two small buttons in the back, close together like a pair of eyes, and the tails of which seemed cut out of one piece by a carpenter's hatchet. Some, too (but these, you may be sure, would sit at the bottom of the table), wore their best blouses"that is to say, with collars turned down to the shoulders, the back gathered into small plaits and the waist fastened very low down with a worked belt.

papas - papas, papa

uncomfortable - inconfortable

communion - la communion, communion

lengthened - allongé, rallonger

bewildered - déconcertés, abasourdir, confondre, déconcerter, dérouter

pomade - pommade

stable - étable, écurie, stable, ferme

unharness - délier, débrider, dételer

gentlemen - messieurs, gentilhomme, monsieur, messieurs-p

sleeves - manches, manche, chemise (inner), gaine (outer), manchon

set about - a propos de

social - sociale, social

positions - positions, position, poste

overcoats - les manteaux, pardessus, manteau

cutaway - plan de coupe, queue-deie, échancrure

redolent - redolent

respectability - respectabilité

wardrobe - garde-robe, armoire

state - l'État

tails - queues, queue

flapping - battre des ailes, pan

capes - capes, cape

coarse - grossier, brut, vulgaire

generally - en général

brass - laiton, airain

Carpenter - menuisier, menuisiere, charpentier, charpentiere

hatchet - hachette

blouses - chemisiers, chemisier

collars - colliers, col, collier

plaits - tresses, pli

waist - taille, ceinture

belt - ceinture, courroie, région

And the shirts stood out from the chests like cuirasses!

chests - coffres, poitrine

cuirasses - cuirasses, cuirasse

Everyone had just had his hair cut; ears stood out from the heads; they had been close-shaved; a few, even, who had had to get up before daybreak, and not been able to see to shave, had diagonal gashes under their noses or cuts the size of a three-franc piece along the jaws, which the fresh air en route had enflamed, so that the great white beaming faces were mottled here and there with red dabs.

en - en

shaved - rasé, (se) raser

daybreak - l'aube, point du jour

see to - Voir a

diagonal - diagonale

gashes - des entailles, entaille, balafre

franc - franc

jaws - mâchoires, mâchoire

route - itinéraire, parcours, chemin, acheminement

beaming - la téléportation, (beam), madrier, poutre, merrain, perche

dabs - dabs, tamponner

The mairie was a mile and a half from the farm, and they went thither on foot, returning in the same way after the ceremony in the church. The procession, first united like one long coloured scarf that undulated across the fields, along the narrow path winding amid the green corn, soon lengthened out, and broke up into different groups that loitered to talk.

thither - la, la, d'ici la

ceremony - cérémonie

procession - procession, cortege, kyrielle

United - unis, unir

scarf - écharpe, cache nez, éventé, fichu, foulard

undulated - ondulé, onduler, ondoyer

narrow - étroite, pressé, étroit

path - chemin, sentier

winding - bobinage, (wind) bobinage

corn - mais

loitered - loitered, flâner, traîner

The fiddler walked in front with his violin, gay with ribbons at its pegs. Then came the married pair, the relations, the friends, all following pell-mell; the children stayed behind amusing themselves plucking the bell-flowers from oat-ears, or playing amongst themselves unseen.

violin - violon

gay - gay, gai

ribbons - rubans, ruban

pegs - chevilles, cheville, porte-manteau, patere, cheviller, épingler

relations - relations, relation, parent, parente

mell - mell

amusing - amusant, amuser

plucking - plumer, tirer, pincer, voler, abats-p, persévérance

oat - l'avoine, avoine

amongst - entre, parmi

unseen - invisible

Emma's dress, too long, trailed a little on the ground; from time to time she stopped to pull it up, and then delicately, with her gloved hands, she picked off the coarse grass and the thistledowns, while Charles, empty handed, waited till she had finished. Old Rouault, with a new silk hat and the cuffs of his black coat covering his Hands up to the nails, gave his arm to Madame Bovary senior.

trailed - suivi, pister, suivre, traîner, piste, traces-p, sentier

pull - tirer, retirer, tirer un coup, influence

delicately - délicatement

gloved - ganté, gant

covering - la couverture, bâchant, couvrant, (cover), couvercle

Hands up - Les mains en l'air

senior - senior, aîné, supérieur

As to Monsieur Bovary senior, who, heartily despising all these folk, had come simply in a frock-coat of military cut with one row of buttons"he was passing compliments of the bar to a fair young peasant. She bowed, blushed, and did not know what to say. The other wedding guests talked of their business or played tricks behind each other's backs, egging one another on in advance to be jolly.

heartily - chaleureusement

despising - mépriser, dédaigner

folk - folklorique, populaire, peuple

Simply - tout simplement, simplement

frock-coat - (frock-coat) redingote

Row - rangée, tintamarre, canoter, ramer

compliments - des compliments, compliment, complimenter, faire un compliment

bar - bar, barrent, barrons, barrer, barrez, tringle

peasant - paysan, paysanne, rustique

bowed - incliné, (s')incliner devant, saluer d'un signe de tete

tricks - des astuces, tour, astuce, truc, rench: -neededr, pli

advance - élever, avancer, avancée, progression, avance, souscription

jolly - jovial

Those who listened could always catch the squeaking of the fiddler, who went on playing across the fields. When he saw that the rest were far behind he stopped to take breath, slowly rosined his bow, so that the strings should sound more shrilly, then set off again, by turns lowering and raising his neck, the better to mark time for himself.

catch - attraper, prise, touche, loquet, loqueteau, verrou, hic

squeaking - grincement, (squeak), crissement, craquement

breath - respiration, souffle, haleine

slowly - lentement

rosined - rosiné, colophane

bow - l'arc, arc

shrilly - a voix haute

lowering - baissant, (lower) baissant

mark - marque, Marc

The noise of the instrument drove away the little birds from afar.

instrument - instrument, acte

from afar - de loin

The table was laid under the cart-shed. On it were four sirloins, six chicken fricassees, stewed veal, three legs of mutton, and in the middle a fine roast suckling pig, flanked by four chitterlings with sorrel. At the corners were decanters of brandy. Sweet bottled-cider frothed round the corks, and all the glasses had been filled to the brim with wine beforehand.

sirloins - des faux-filets, aloyau, faux-filet, contrefilet, contre-filet

fricassees - fricassées, fricassée

roast - rôtir, incendier, rôti, bien-cuit

suckling pig - un cochon de lait

flanked - flanqué, flanc, flanchet

chitterlings - les chitterlings

sorrel - l'oseille

decanters - des carafes, décanteur

frothed - moussé, mousse, écume

Large dishes of yellow cream, that trembled with the least shake of the table, had designed on their smooth surface the initials of the newly wedded pair in nonpareil arabesques. A confectioner of Yvetot had been intrusted with the tarts and sweets.

shake - secouer, agiter, se serrer la main, secousse

initials - initiales, initial, lettrine, initiale

newly - nouvellement, récemment

wedded - marié(e), marier, épouser

Nonpareil - nonpareil, hors de pair, sans égal, sans pareil, nonpareille

arabesques - arabesques, arabesque

confectioner - confiseur, confiseuse

Tarts - tartelettes, sur

sweets - des sucreries, doucement, friandise, bonbon, sucreries-p

As he had only just set up on the place, he had taken a lot of trouble, and at dessert he himself brought in a set dish that evoked loud cries of wonderment.

only just - Tout juste

trouble - des problemes, peine, mal, probleme, emmerde, checksouci

dessert - dessert

evoked - évoquée, évoquer, remémorer

cries - pleure, pleurer, crier, hurler, gueuler, pleur, cri

wonderment - l'émerveillement

To begin with, at its base there was a square of blue cardboard, representing a temple with porticoes, colonnades, and stucco statuettes all round, and in the niches constellations of gilt paper stars; then on the second stage was a dungeon of Savoy cake, surrounded by many fortifications in candied angelica, almonds, raisins, and quarters of oranges; and finally, on the upper platform a green field with rocks set in lakes of jam, nutshell boats, and a small Cupid balancing himself in a chocolate swing whose two uprights ended in real roses for balls at the top.

base - base, baser, basent, socle, basez, Assise, basons

Temple - le temple, tempe, temple

porticoes - portiques, portique

colonnades - colonnades, colonnade

stucco - stuc

statuettes - statuettes, statuette

niches - niches, niche

constellations - constellations, constellation

gilt - doré, dorure, (gild) doré

dungeon - oubliette, donjon, cachot

Savoy - savoy, Savoie

fortifications - des fortifications, fortification, renforcement

candied - confits, bonbon(s)

Angelica - angelica, angélique

almonds - des amandes, amande, amandier

raisins - des raisins secs, raisin sec

platform - plate-forme, scene, podium, quai, plateforme

field - champ, campo, terrain, corps, rubrique, attraper

rocks - des rochers, rocher, roc

lakes - des lacs, lac

nutshell - en quelques mots, coque, coquille

Cupid - cupidon

balancing - l'équilibrage, contrepoids, équilibre, solde, balancier

uprights - les montants, integre, montant

roses - des roses, Rose

Until night they ate. When any of them were too tired of sitting, they went out for a stroll in the yard, or for a game with corks in the granary, and then returned to table. Some towards the finish went to sleep and snored. But with the coffee everyone woke up.

stroll - promenade, flânerie, balade, promener

snored - ronflé, ronfler, ronflement

Then they began songs, showed off tricks, raised heavy weights, performed feats with their fingers, then tried lifting carts on their shoulders, made broad jokes, kissed the women.

showed off - Montrer

heavy weights - des poids lourds

performed - réalisée, exécuter, performer, jouer ('actor')

feats - des exploits, exploit

lifting - de levage, soulever

jokes - blagues, plaisanterie, blague, joke, raté

kissed - embrassée, (s')embrasser

At night when they left, the horses, stuffed up to the nostrils with oats, could hardly be got into the shafts; they kicked, reared, the harness broke, their masters laughed or swore; and all night in the light of the moon along country roads there were runaway carts at full gallop plunging into the ditches, jumping over yard after yard of stones, clambering up the hills, with women leaning out from the tilt to catch hold of the reins.

oats - l'avoine, avoine

kicked - botté, donner un coup de pied (a, dans)

reared - élevé, arriere

swore - juré, jurer

runaway - fugue, fugitif, fugueur, emballement

plunging - plongeant, (plunge) plongeant

ditches - fossés, fossé

jumping over - en sautant par-dessus

stones - des pierres, pierre, t+roche, t+caillou, t+roc

clambering - de l'escalade, grimper

hills - collines, colline, côte

leaning out - se pencher

tilt - tilisation, basculer, rendement maximum, pencher

catch hold of - de s'emparer

reins - les renes, rene

Those who stayed at the Bertaux spent the night drinking in the kitchen. The children had fallen asleep under the seats.

fallen asleep - Tu t'es endormi

seats - sieges, place, siege, assise, séant, fond

The bride had begged her father to be spared the usual marriage pleasantries. However, a fishmonger, one of their cousins (who had even brought a pair of soles for his wedding present), began to squirt water from his mouth through the keyhole, when old Rouault came up just in time to stop him, and explain to him that the distinguished position of his son-in-law would not allow of such liberties.

bride - mariée, fiancée, prétendu

be spared - etre épargnée

usual - habituel/habituelle

fishmonger - poissonnier, poissonniere, marchand de poisson, proxénete

squirt - jet, morveux, morveuse, gicler

keyhole - trou de serrure, trou de la serrure

distinguished - distingué, distinguer

allow of - permettre de

liberties - libertés, liberté

The cousin all the same did not give in to these reasons readily.

give in - céder

readily - facilement, volontiers, aisément

In his heart he accused old Rouault of being proud, and he joined four or five other guests in a corner, who having, through mere chance, been several times running served with the worst helps of meat, also were of opinion they had been badly used, and were whispering about their host, and with covered hints hoping he would ruin himself.

proud - fiers, fier, orgueilleux

mere - simple

chance - chance, hasard

several - plusieurs

badly - mal, mauvaisement

whispering - chuchotement, (whisper), chuchoter, susurrer

Host - l'hôte, hote, hôte

hints - indices, indication, soupçon, faire allusion

ruin - la ruine, ruine, ruiner, abîmer, foutre en l'air

Madame Bovary, senior, had not opened her mouth all day. She had been consulted neither as to the dress of her daughter-in-law nor as to the arrangement of the feast; she went to bed early. Her husband, instead of following her, sent to Saint-Victor for some cigars, and smoked till daybreak, drinking kirsch-punch, a mixture unknown to the company.

consulted - consultée, concerter

neither - ni l'un ni l'autre, aucun des deux, ni X ni Y, non plus

arrangement - arrangement, disposition, composition, préparatifs, accord

cigars - des cigares, cigare

kirsch - kirsch

unknown - inconnu, inconnue

This added greatly to the consideration in which he was held.

greatly - grandement

consideration - considération, checkraison, checkmotif, checkrécompense

Charles, who was not of a facetious turn, did not shine at the wedding. He answered feebly to the puns, doubles entendres,[6] compliments, and chaff that it was felt a duty to let off at him as soon as the soup appeared.

facetious - facétieux

shine - briller, reluisons, reluisez, reluisent, reluire

feebly - faiblement

puns - jeux de mots, calembour

doubles - des doubles, double, sosie

entendres - des sous-entendus

chaff - des paillettes, balle, bale

let off - Laisser partir

[6] Double meanings.

The next day, on the other hand, he seemed another man. It was he who might rather have been taken for the virgin of the evening before, whilst the bride gave no sign that revealed anything. The shrewdest did not know what to make of it, and they looked at her when she passed near them with an unbounded concentration of mind. But Charles concealed nothing.

he who - Il qui

Virgin - vierge

whilst - tout en

revealed - révélée, révéler, laisser voir

shrewdest - le plus astucieux, perspicace, sagace, habile, roublard, futé

unbounded - sans limites

concentration - concentration

concealed - dissimulée, dissimuler, cacher

He called her "my wife", tutoyéd[7] her, asked for her of everyone, looked for her everywhere, and often he dragged her into the yards, where he could be seen from far between the trees, putting his arm around her waist, and walking half-bending over her, ruffling the chemisette of her bodice with his head.

looked for - cherché

everywhere - partout

dragged - traîné, tirer, entraîner

ruffling - ébouriffement, ébouriffer, (ruffle), falbala

chemisette - chemisette

[7] Used the familiar form of address.

familiar - familier, esprit familier

Two days after the wedding the married pair left. Charles, on account of his patients, could not be away longer. Old Rouault had them driven back in his cart, and himself accompanied them as far as Vassonville. Here he embraced his daughter for the last time, got down, and went his way.

on account - sur le compte

be away - etre absent

driven back - reconduit

When he had gone about a hundred paces he stopped, and as he saw the cart disappearing, its wheels turning in the dust, he gave a deep sigh.

paces - des allures, pas

disappearing - disparaître

wheels - roues, roue, barre, rouler

turning in - de se transformer

deep - profond, épais, grave, foncé, foncée, profondeurs

Then he remembered his wedding, the old times, the first pregnancy of his wife; he, too, had been very happy the day when he had taken her from her father to his home, and had carried her off on a pillion, trotting through the snow, for it was near Christmas-time, and the country was all white.

pregnancy - grossesse, gestation

pillion - siege passager

trotting - au trot, (trot) au trot

Christmas-time - (Christmas-time) La période de Noël

She held him by one arm, her basket hanging from the other; the wind blew the long lace of her Cauchois headdress so that it sometimes flapped across his mouth, and when he turned his head he saw near him, on his shoulder, her little rosy face, smiling silently under the gold bands of her cap. To warm her hands she put them from time to time in his breast. How long ago it all was!

basket - panier

lace - dentelle, pointue

headdress - coiffure, couvre-chef

flapped - battu, pan

rosy - rose

smiling - souriant, (smile), sourire

silently - en silence, silencieusement

Their son would have been thirty by now. Then he looked back and saw nothing on the road. He felt dreary as an empty house; and tender memories mingling with the sad thoughts in his brain, addled by the fumes of the feast, he felt inclined for a moment to take a turn towards the church. As he was afraid, however, that this sight would make him yet more sad, he went right away home.

dreary - lugubre, terne, insipide, maussade

fumes - des fumées, fulminer

turn towards - Tourner vers

Monsieur and Madame Charles arrived at Tostes about six o'clock.

The neighbors came to the windows to see their doctor's new wife.

neighbors - voisins, voisin/-ine

The old servant presented herself, curtsied to her, apologised for not having dinner ready, and suggested that madame, in the meantime, should look over her house.

curtsied - a fait une révérence, révérence

suggested - suggéré, proposer, suggérer

meantime - entre-temps, pendant ce temps

look over - examiner

Chapter Five

The brick front was just in a line with the street, or rather the road. Behind the door hung a cloak with a small collar, a bridle, and a black leather cap, and on the floor, in a corner, were a pair of leggings, still covered with dry mud. On the right was the one apartment, that was both dining and sitting room.

brick - brique, soutien, rouge brique, en brique, briquer

bridle - bride, brider, refréner, etre susceptible

leggings - des jambieres, molletiere

mud - de la boue, boue, bourbe, vase

dining - dîner

sitting room - le salon

A canary yellow paper, relieved at the top by a garland of pale flowers, was puckered everywhere over the badly stretched canvas; white calico curtains with a red border hung crossways at the length of the window; and on the narrow mantelpiece a clock with a head of Hippocrates shone resplendent between two plate candlesticks under oval shades.

Canary - canari, jaune canari

relieved - soulagé, soulager, relayer, faire ses besoins, se soulager

garland - guirlande, rench: t-needed r

pale - pâle, hâve

puckered - froncé, (se) plisser

canvas - toile, canevas

curtains - rideaux, rideau

mantelpiece - tablette de cheminée

Hippocrates - hippocrate

resplendent - resplendissante

plate - assiette, plaque, écriteau

candlesticks - chandeliers, chandelier

shades - nuances, alose

On the other side of the passage was Charles's consulting room, a little room about six paces wide, with a table, three chairs, and an office chair. Volumes of the "Dictionary of medical science," uncut, but the binding rather the worse for the successive sales through which they had gone, occupied almost along the six shelves of a deal bookcase.

side - côté, parti, flanc

passage - passage, corridoir, couloir

consulting - consultation, concerter

little room - petite piece

volumes - volumes, volume, tome

medical science - Sciences médicales

uncut - non coupé

binding - contraignante, contraignant, reliure, liaison, (bind), lier

successive - successifs

sales - ventes, vente

occupied - occupée, occuper, habiter

shelves - étageres, rayon, étagere, tablard, rayonnage

bookcase - bibliotheque, bibliotheque

The smell of melted butter penetrated through the walls when he saw patients, just as in the kitchen one could hear the people coughing in the consulting room and recounting their histories.

melted - fondu, fondre (1), se dissoudre (2)

penetrated - pénétré, pénétrer

coughing - toux, toussant, (cough), tousser

recounting - le récit, raconter

Then, opening on the yard, where the stable was, came a large dilapidated room with a stove, now used as a wood-house, cellar, and pantry, full of old rubbish, of empty casks, agricultural implements past service, and a mass of dusty things whose use it was impossible to guess.

dilapidated - délabré, délabrer, dilapider

cellar - cave

pantry - garde-manger

rubbish - des déchets, absurdités, inepties, décombres, pourri

casks - futs, tonneau, fut, barrique

agricultural - agricole

implements - met en ouvre, instrument, appliquer, exécuter, établir

mass - masse, foule, amas

dusty - poussiéreux

The garden, longer than wide, ran between two mud walls with espaliered apricots, to a hawthorn hedge that separated it from the field. In the middle was a slate sundial on a brick pedestal; four flower beds with eglantines surrounded symmetrically the more useful kitchen garden bed. Right at the bottom, under the spruce bushes, was a cure in plaster reading his breviary.

apricots - abricots, abricot, abricotier

hawthorn - l'aubépine, aubépine

slate - l'ardoise, schisteux, ardoise

sundial - cadran solaire

pedestal - piédestal

eglantines - eglantines, églantine

kitchen garden - le potager

spruce - épicéa

bushes - buissons, buisson

plaster - le plâtre, onguent, plâtre, enduit, enduire, plâtrer

breviary - bréviaire

Emma went upstairs. The first room was not furnished, but in the second, which was their bedroom, was a mahogany bedstead in an alcove with red drapery. A shell box adorned the chest of drawers, and on the secretary near the window a bouquet of orange blossoms tied with white satin ribbons stood in a bottle. It was a bride's bouquet; it was the other one's. She looked at it.

furnished - meublé, meubler, fournir, livrer

mahogany - acajou, mahagoni

drapery - draperie, rideau

shell - coquille, coquillage, carapace, coque, cosse, douille, obus

adorned - orné, décorer, orner, parer

drawers - tiroirs, tiroir

secretary - secrétaire, messager serpentaire

bouquet - bouquet

blossoms - fleurs, fleur, floraison, fleurir, s'épanouir

tied - attachée, attacher

satin - satin, satiné

Charles noticed it; he took it and carried it up to the attic, while Emma seated in an arm-chair (they were putting her things down around her) thought of her bridal flowers packed up in a bandbox, and wondered, dreaming, what would be done with them if she were to die.

attic - grenier, combles, mansarde

seated - assis, place, siege, assise, séant, fond

arm-chair - (arm-chair) fauteuil

packed up - emballé

bandbox - boîte a musique

dreaming - en train de rever, revant, (dream), reve, songe, voeu

During the first days she occupied herself in thinking about changes in the house. She took the shades off the candlesticks, had new wallpaper put up, the staircase repainted, and seats made in the garden round the sundial; she even inquired how she could get a basin with a jet fountain and fishes.

shades - nuances, ombre, store, nuance, ton, esprit

wallpaper - papier peint, fond d'écran, arrierelan, papiereint, tapisser

staircase - escalier

repainted - repeint, repeindre

inquired - a demandé, enqueter, renseigner

basin - bassin, cuvette, bassine, lavabo

jet - jet, avion a réaction, jais

fountain - fontaine

Finally her husband, knowing that she liked to drive out, picked up a second-hand dogcart, which, with new lamps and splashboard in striped leather, looked almost like a tilbury.

drive out - sortir en voiture

second-hand - (second-hand) de seconde main

dogcart - dogcart

splashboard - planche a dessin

striped - rayé, rayure, galon, rayer

Tilbury - tilbury

He was happy then, and without a care in the world. A meal together, a walk in the evening on the highroad, a gesture of her hands over her hair, the sight of her straw hat hanging from the window-fastener, and many another thing in which Charles had never dreamed of pleasure, now made up the endless round of his happiness.

highroad - autoroute

gesture - geste, signe

hands over - Remettre

straw hat - chapeau de paille

fastener - de fixation, fermeture, attache

Happiness - le bonheur, bonheur

In bed, in the morning, by her side, on the pillow, he watched the sunlight sinking into the down on her fair cheek, half hidden by the lappets of her night-cap. Seen thus closely, her eyes looked to him enlarged, especially when, on waking up, she opened and shut them rapidly many times.

sunlight - la lumiere du soleil, lumiere du soleil

sinking - en train de couler, naufrage, (sink), couler, s'enfoncer

thus - donc, ainsi, tellement, pour cette raison, également

closely - de pres, étroitement, pres

enlarged - élargi, agrandir, élargir, accroître

waking up - se réveiller

rapidly - rapidement

Black in the shade, dark blue in broad daylight, they had, as it were, depths of different colours, that, darker in the centre, grew paler towards the surface of the eye. His own eyes lost themselves in these depths; he saw himself in miniature down to the shoulders, with his handkerchief round his head and the top of his shirt open. He rose.

shade - ombre, store, nuance, ton, esprit, ombrager, faire de l'ombre

dark blue - bleu foncé

paler - plus pâle, copain/-ine

miniature - miniature, enluminure, figurine

She came to the window to see him off, and stayed leaning on the sill between two pots of geranium, clad in her dressing gown hanging loosely about her. Charles, in the street buckled his spurs, his foot on the mounting stone, while she talked to him from above, picking with her mouth some scrap of flower or leaf that she blew out at him.

sill - sill, bille, seuil

geranium - géranium, pélargonium

clad - vetu, nippé, (clothe), vetir, habiller

dressing gown - robe de chambre

loosely - en toute liberté, sans serrer

buckled - bouclé, boucle

mounting - montant, monture, ajustage, (mount) montant

picking - le prélevement, (pic) le prélevement

scrap - de la ferraille, ferraille, chiffon, mettre au rebut

blew out - a explosé

Then this, eddying, floating, described semicircles in the air like a bird, and was caught before it reached the ground in the ill-groomed mane of the old white mare standing motionless at the door. Charles from horseback threw her a kiss; she answered with a nod; she shut the window, and he set off.

eddying - eddying, tourbillon

floating - flottant, (float), flotter, flotteur, taloche, char

semicircles - demi-cercles, demi-cercle

groomed - toiletté, garçon d'écurie

mane - criniere, criniere

mare - jument

horseback - a cheval, a cheval

kiss - baiser, baisent, biser, baisons, baisez, bécot, bise

nod - hochement de tete, dodeliner, hocher, hochement

And then along the highroad, spreading out its long ribbon of dust, along the deep lanes that the trees bent over as in arbours, along paths where the corn reached to the knees, with the sun on his back and the morning air in his nostrils, his heart full of the joys of the past night, his mind at rest, his flesh at ease, he went on, re-chewing his happiness, like those who after dinner taste again the truffles which they are digesting.

ribbon - ruban

lanes - voies, chemin, qualifier

paths - chemins, sentier

joys - joies, joie

flesh - de la chair, chair, peau, viande, corps, pulpe

ease - l'aisance, facilité, repos, abaisser, abréger, amoindrir

chewing - mastication, mâcher, mordiller, mastiquer

taste - gout, gout, saveur, avant-gout, gouter, avoir un gout

truffles - truffes, truffe

digesting - digérer

Until now what good had he had of his life? His time at school, when he remained shut up within the high walls, alone, in the midst of companions richer than he or cleverer at their work, who laughed at his accent, who jeered at his clothes, and whose mothers came to the school with cakes in their muffs?

remained shut - Rester fermé

midst - centre, milieu

cleverer - plus intelligent, habile, agile, adroit, adroite, talentueux

accent - accent, emphase, souligner, accentuer

jeered - raillé, huer

Later on, when he studied medicine, and never had his purse full enough to treat some little work-girl who would have become his mistress? Afterwards, he had lived fourteen months with the widow, whose feet in bed were cold as icicles. But now he had for life this beautiful woman whom he adored.

purse - sac a main, bourse, portemonnaie, portefeuille, sac a main

treat - négocier, traiter, régaler, guérir, soigner

Mistress - madame, maîtresse, amante

icicles - des glaçons, stalactite

For him the universe did not extend beyond the circumference of her petticoat, and he reproached himself with not loving her. He wanted to see her again; he turned back quickly, ran up the stairs with a beating heart. Emma, in her room, was dressing; he came up on tiptoe, kissed her back; she gave a cry.

universe - univers

extend - étendre, prolonger

circumference - la circonférence, circonférence

petticoat - cotillon, jupon, combinaison

reproached - des reproches, reproche, opprobre, reprocher

ran up - a couru

beating - battre, battage, battement, (beat) battre

on tiptoe - sur la pointe des pieds

cry - pleurer, crier, hurler, gueuler, pleur, cri

He could not keep from constantly touching her comb, her ring, her fichu; sometimes he gave her great sounding kisses with all his mouth on her cheeks, or else little kisses in a row all along her bare arm from the tip of her fingers up to her shoulder, and she put him away half-smiling, half-vexed, as you do a child who hangs about you.

keep from - empecher

touching - toucher, attendrissant, (touch), émouvoir

comb - peigne, peignent, peigner, peignons, peignez

ring - anneau, cerne, ring, tinter

vexed - contrarié, ennuyer, énerver, vexer 'informal', tourmenter, vexer

hangs about - s'accroche

Before marriage she thought herself in love; but the happiness that should have followed this love not having come, she must, she thought, have been mistaken. And Emma tried to find out what one meant exactly in life by the words felicity, passion, rapture, that had seemed to her so beautiful in books.

exactly - exactement

Felicity - felicity, Félicité

rapture - le ravissement, ravissement, enlevement

Chapter Six

She had read "Paul and Virginia," and she had dreamed of the little bamboo-house, the nigger Domingo, the dog Fidele, but above all of the sweet friendship of some dear little brother, who seeks red fruit for you on trees taller than steeples, or who runs barefoot over the sand, bringing you a bird's nest.

Paul - paul

Virginia - la virginie, Virginie

bamboo - bambou, de bambou

nigger - negre, negre, négresse, négro

friendship - l'amitié, amitié

little brother - petit frere

seeks - cherche, chercher

steeples - les clochers, clocher

sand - sable, sableuxse

nest - nid, patelin

When she was thirteen, her father himself took her to town to place her in the convent. They stopped at an inn in the St. Gervais quarter, where, at their supper, they used painted plates that set forth the story of Mademoiselle de la Valliere. The explanatory legends, chipped here and there by the scratching of knives, all glorified religion, the tendernesses of the heart, and the pomps of court.

Inn - l'auberge, auberge

set forth - Mettre en avant

explanatory - explicatif

legends - légendes, légende

chipped - ébréché, ébrécher

scratching - grattage, éraflant, (scratch), gratter, égratigner, piquer

glorified - glorifié, glorifier

religion - religion

tendernesses - tendresses, tendresse

Court - la cour, cour, tribunal, court de tennis, court, courtiser

Far from being bored at first at the convent, she took pleasure in the society of the good sisters, who, to amuse her, took her to the chapel, which one entered from the refectory by a long corridor. She played very little during recreation hours, knew her catechism well, and it was she who always answered Monsieur le Vicaire's difficult questions.

Society - la société, société

chapel - chapelle

corridor - couloir, corridor, couloir aérien

le - LE

recreation - récréation, pacification

catechism - catéchisme

Living thus, without ever leaving the warm atmosphere of the classrooms, and amid these pale-faced women wearing rosaries with brass crosses, she was softly lulled by the mystic languor exhaled in the perfumes of the altar, the freshness of the holy water, and the lights of the tapers.

atmosphere - atmosphere, atmosphere, ambience, ambiance

rosaries - chapelets, rosaire, chapelet

crosses - croisements, croix, signe de croix

mystic - mystique

exhaled - expiré, expirer

perfumes - parfums, parfum, fragrance, parfumer

altar - l'autel, autel

freshness - fraîcheur

holy water - de l'eau bénite

tapers - les cônes, cierge

Instead of attending to mass, she looked at the pious vignettes with their azure borders in her book, and she loved the sick lamb, the sacred heart pierced with sharp arrows, or the poor Jesus sinking beneath the cross he carries. She tried, by way of mortification, to eat nothing a whole day. She puzzled her head to find some vow to fulfil.

pious - pieux

vignettes - vignettes, vignette

Azure - l'azur, azur

borders - frontieres, frontiere, bord, bordure, délimiter, border

lamb - agneau, agnelle, mettre bas

sacred - sacrée, sacré, saint

pierced - percé, percer

arrows - fleches, fleche

mortification - mortification

puzzled - perplexe, mystere, énigme, puzzle, casse-tete, jeu de patience

vow - vou, vou, jurer

fulfil - remplir, accomplir

When she went to confession, she invented little sins in order that she might stay there longer, kneeling in the shadow, her hands joined, her face against the grating beneath the whispering of the priest. The comparisons of betrothed, husband, celestial lover, and eternal marriage, that recur in sermons, stirred within her soul depths of unexpected sweetness.

confession - confession

invented - inventé, inventer

sins - péchés, péché, mal

shadow - l'ombre, ombre, prendre en filature, filer

grating - grinçant, grille, (grate) grinçant

priest - pretre, pretre, pretresse, sacrificateur

comparisons - des comparaisons, comparaison, degré

betrothed - fiancés, fiancé, fiancée, (betroth), fiancer

celestial - céleste

lover - amante, amant, maîtresse

eternal - éternelle, éternel

recur - récidiver, resurvenir, revenir, réapparaître

Sermons - sermons, sermon

stirred - remué, brasser, agiter

soul - âme

unexpected - inattendu

In the evening, before prayers, there was some religious reading in the study. On week-nights it was some abstract of sacred history or the Lectures of the Abbe Frayssinous, and on Sundays passages from the "Genie du Christianisme," as a recreation. How she listened at first to the sonorous lamentations of its romantic melancholies reechoing through the world and eternity!

abstract - résumé, abstrait, abstraire, distiller, se retirer

passages - passages, passage

genie - jinn, djinn, génie

sonorous - sonore

lamentations - lamentations, gémissement, fr

romantic - romantique

melancholies - mélancolies, mélancolie

eternity - l'éternité, éternité

If her childhood had been spent in the shop-parlour of some business quarter, she might perhaps have opened her heart to those lyrical invasions of Nature, which usually come to us only through translation in books. But she knew the country too well; she knew the lowing of cattle, the milking, the ploughs.

parlour - salon

invasions - invasions, invasion

nature - nature

translation - traduction, translation, transmission

lowing - l'abaissement, (low) l'abaissement

cattle - du bétail, bétail, bovins

Accustomed to calm aspects of life, she turned, on the contrary, to those of excitement. She loved the sea only for the sake of its storms, and the green fields only when broken up by ruins.

Calm - calme, tranquille, calme plat, calmer, apaiser

Aspects - aspects, aspect, rench: -neededr

excitement - l'excitation, excitation

sake - du saké, dans l'intéret de qqn

storms - tempetes, orage, tempete

broken up - rompu

ruins - des ruines, ruine, ruiner, abîmer

She wanted to get some personal profit out of things, and she rejected as useless all that did not contribute to the immediate desires of her heart, being of a temperament more sentimental than artistic, looking for emotions, not landscapes.

profit - profit, gain, bénéfice, servir, profiter

rejected - rejetée, rejeter

useless - inutile, inutilisable, bon a rien

contribute - contribuer

immediate - immédiate, immédiat, proche

desires - désirs, désirer, désir

artistic - artistique

emotions - des émotions, émotion

landscapes - paysages, paysage

At the convent there was an old maid who came for a week each month to mend the linen. Patronized by the clergy, because she belonged to an ancient family of noblemen ruined by the Revolution, she dined in the refectory at the table of the good sisters, and after the meal had a bit of chat with them before going back to her work. The girls often slipped out from the study to go and see her.

old maid - vieille fille

mend - réparer, raccommoder, rapiécer, s'améliorer

linen - le linge, toile, lin, linge

patronized - patronné, fréquenter, patrociner, prendre de haut

clergy - le clergé, clergé

belonged - a appartenu, appartenir a

ancient - ancienne, antique

noblemen - nobles, noble

ruined - ruiné, ruine, ruiner, abîmer, foutre en l'air

revolution - révolution, coup d'état, tour

dined - dîné, vacarme

chat - chat, causerie, bavarder

She knew by heart the love songs of the last century, and sang them in a low voice as she stitched away.

stitched - cousu, point, maille

She told stories, gave them news, went errands in the town, and on the sly lent the big girls some novel, that she always carried in the pockets of her apron, and of which the good lady herself swallowed long chapters in the intervals of her work.

errands - des courses, course, commission

on the sly - en cachette

lent - preté, pretés, preta, pretâmes, pretai, pretées, (lend) preté

novel - roman, nouveau

swallowed - avalé, avaler

chapters - chapitres, chapitre, branche, section

They were all love, lovers, sweethearts, persecuted ladies fainting in lonely pavilions, postilions killed at every stage, horses ridden to death on every page, sombre forests, heartaches, vows, sobs, tears and kisses, little skiffs by moonlight, nightingales in shady groves, "gentlemen" brave as lions, gentle as lambs, virtuous as no one ever was, always well dressed, and weeping like fountains.

sweethearts - les amoureux, chéri, amante, chérie, amour, ange

Persecuted - persécutés, persécuter

Fainting - l'évanouissement, syncope

lonely - solitaire, seul, désert, abandonné

pavilions - pavillons, pavillon

postilions - postilions, postillon

killed - tué, tuer

sombre - sombre

Forests - les forets, foret, t+brousse, t+sylve, t+bois, t+bosquet

heartaches - chagrins d'amour, chagrin d'amour, peine de cour

vows - voux, voeu, vou, jurer

sobs - sanglots, fdp-p

moonlight - le clair de lune, clair de lune, travailler au noir

nightingales - rossignols, rossignol

shady - ombragé, louche

groves - bosquets, bosquet

Brave - courageux

gentle - gentil, doux

lambs - agneaux, agneau, agnelle, mettre bas

virtuous - vertueux

weeping - pleurant, (weep) pleurant

fountains - fontaines, fontaine

For six months, then, Emma, at fifteen years of age, made her hands dirty with books from old lending libraries.

lending libraries - des bibliotheques de pret

Through Walter Scott, later on, she fell in love with historical events, dreamed of old chests, guard-rooms and minstrels. She would have liked to live in some old manor-house, like those long-waisted chatelaines who, in the shade of pointed arches, spent their days leaning on the stone, chin in hand, watching a cavalier with white plume galloping on his black horse from the distant fields.

historical - historique

guard - garde, protection, gardien, arriere, défense, garder

minstrels - des ménestrels, ménestrel, ménétrier

Manor - manoir, maison-forte, seigneurie

waisted - taille, ceinture

chatelaines - chatelaines, châtelaine

arches - arcs, voute, arche

chin - menton

cavalier - nonchalant, cavalier, chevalier

plume - plume, plume(t)

black horse - cheval noir

distant - distante, distant, lointain, éloigné

At this time she had a cult for Mary Stuart and enthusiastic veneration for illustrious or unhappy women. Joan of Arc, Heloise, Agnes Sorel, the beautiful Ferroniere, and Clemence Isaure stood out to her like comets in the dark immensity of heaven, where also were seen, lost in shadow, and all unconnected, St. Louis with his oak, the dying Bayard, some cruelties of Louis XI, a little of St.

cult - secte, culte

Mary - marie

Stuart - stuart

veneration - vénération

illustrious - illustre

arc - arc de courbe, arc

Ferroniere - ferroniere

comets - cometes, comete

immensity - immensité

unconnected - sans lien

dying - teignant, mourant, (dye) teignant

Bayard - bayard

cruelties - cruautés, cruauté

Bartholomew's Day, the plume of the Bearnais, and always the remembrance of the plates painted in honour of Louis XIV.

honour - l'honneur, honorer

In the music class, in the ballads she sang, there was nothing but little angels with golden wings, madonnas, lagunes, gondoliers;-mild compositions that allowed her to catch a glimpse athwart the obscurity of style and the weakness of the music of the attractive phantasmagoria of sentimental realities. Some of her companions brought "keepsakes" given them as new year's gifts to the convent.

ballads - des ballades, ballade

angels - anges, ange

wings - des ailes, aile, ailier

gondoliers - gondoliers, gondolier, gondoliere

mild - doux, douce, léger

compositions - compositions, composition

allowed - autorisé, laisser, accorder, permettre

Glimpse - aperçu, entrevoir

athwart - l'athmosphere, a travers, d'un coté a l'autre

obscurity - l'obscurité, obscurité

weakness - faiblesse, point faible

attractive - attrayante

phantasmagoria - fantasmagorie

realities - réalités, réalité, vérité

keepsakes - des souvenirs, souvenir

gifts - des cadeaux, présent, cadeau, don, talent, donner

These had to be hidden; it was quite an undertaking; they were read in the dormitory. Delicately handling the beautiful satin bindings, Emma looked with dazzled eyes at the names of the unknown authors, who had signed their verses for the most part as counts or viscounts.

undertaking - l'entreprise, entreprise, (undertake), entreprendre

handling - maniement, manipulation, maniant

bindings - des fixations, contraignant, reliure, liaison

dazzled - éblouie, éblouir

authors - auteurs, auteur, auteure, autrice, écrire, créer

signed - signé, signe

verses - versets, strophe

Viscounts - les vicomtes, vicomte

She trembled as she blew back the tissue paper over the engraving and saw it folded in two and fall gently against the page.

tissue paper - du papier de soie

engraving - gravure, (engrave)

folded - plié, plier

Here behind the balustrade of a balcony was a young man in a short cloak, holding in his arms a young girl in a white dress wearing an alms-bag at her belt; or there were nameless portraits of English ladies with fair curls, who looked at you from under their round straw hats with their large clear eyes.

balustrade - balustrade

balcony - balcon

alms - l'aumône, aumône

nameless - sans nom, innomé

portraits - portraits, portrait

curls - boucles, boucle, rotationnel, boucler

straw hats - des chapeaux de paille

Some there were lounging in their carriages, gliding through parks, a greyhound bounding along in front of the equipage driven at a trot by two midget postilions in white breeches. Others, dreaming on sofas with an open letter, gazed at the moon through a slightly open window half draped by a black curtain.

lounging - se prélasser, (lounge), salle d'attente, salon

gliding - le vol a voile, vol a voile, (glide), glisser, planer

greyhound - lévrier, levrette

equipage - l'équipement, bagages, fourgons, train des équipages

midget - nain, naine, nabot

breeches - culotte, culasse

sofas - canapés, canapé, sofa

gazed at - Regarder

draped - drapé, draper

The naive ones, a tear on their cheeks, were kissing doves through the bars of a Gothic cage, or, smiling, their heads on one side, were plucking the leaves of a marguerite with their taper fingers, that curved at the tips like peaked shoes.

tear - déchirure, déchirer, fissure, larme, pleur

kissing - s'embrasser, (s')embrasser

doves - colombes, colombe

cage - cage, encager

taper - de l'effilage, cierge, (tape), bande

peaked - en crete, pic

And you, too, were there, Sultans with long pipes reclining beneath arbours in the arms of Bayaderes; Djiaours, Turkish sabres, Greek caps; and you especially, pale landscapes of dithyrambic lands, that often show us at once palm trees and firs, tigers on the right, a lion to the left, Tartar minarets on the horizon; the whole framed by a very neat virgin forest, and with a great perpendicular sunbeam trembling in the water, where, standing out in relief like white excoriations on a steel-grey ground, swans are swimming about.

sultans - sultans, sultan, soudan

Turkish - turque, turc

sabres - sabres, sabre

Greek - grec, grecque, grecques

dithyrambic - dithyrambique

palm - palmier, paume

firs - les sapins, sapin

tigers - tigres, tigre/tigresse

Tartar - tartare, Tatare

minarets - minarets, minaret

framed - encadré, encadrer, cadre, armature, ossature

neat - soigné, parure

forest - foret, foret, brousse, sylve, bois, (fore) foret

perpendicular - perpendiculaire, fil a plomb

sunbeam - rayon de soleil

relief - secours, allégement, relief, soulagement

excoriations - excoriations, excoriation

swans - des cygnes, cygne

And the shade of the argand lamp fastened to the wall above Emma's head lighted up all these pictures of the world, that passed before her one by one in the silence of the dormitory, and to the distant noise of some belated carriage rolling over the Boulevards.

argand - argand

carriage - transport, rench: t-needed r, carrosse, port, chariot

rolling - rouler, enroulant, roulant, (roll) rouler

Boulevards - les boulevards, boulevard

When her mother died she cried much the first few days. She had a funeral picture made with the hair of the deceased, and, in a letter sent to the Bertaux full of sad reflections on life, she asked to be buried later on in the same grave. The goodman thought she must be ill, and came to see her.

funeral - funérailles, obseques

deceased - décédé, déces, décéder, expirer, mourir, trépasser

grave - tombe

Emma was secretly pleased that she had reached at a first attempt the rare ideal of pale lives, never attained by mediocre hearts. She let herself glide along with Lamartine meanderings, listened to harps on lakes, to all the songs of dying swans, to the falling of the leaves, the pure virgins ascending to heaven, and the voice of the Eternal discoursing down the valleys.

secretly - secretement, secretement, en cachette

rare - rares, rare

Ideal - idéal, parfait

attained - atteint, atteindre

mediocre - médiocre

hearts - des cours, coeur

glide - glisser, planer

meanderings - des méandres, méandreux

harps - harpes, harpe

virgins - vierges, vierge, q

ascending - ascendante, monter

discoursing - discours, conversation

valleys - vallées, vallée, val

She wearied of it, would not confess it, continued from habit, and at last was surprised to feel herself soothed, and with no more sadness at heart than wrinkles on her brow.

wearied - fatigué, las, lasser

confess - avouer, confesser

soothed - apaisé, apaiser, calmer, soulager

sadness - tristesse, malheur

at heart - au cour

wrinkles - rides, ride

The good nuns, who had been so sure of her vocation, perceived with great astonishment that Mademoiselle Rouault seemed to be slipping from them.

Nuns - les religieuses, religieuse, nonne

vocation - vocation

astonishment - l'étonnement, étonnement

They had indeed been so lavish to her of prayers, retreats, novenas, and sermons, they had so often preached the respect due to saints and martyrs, and given so much good advice as to the modesty of the body and the salvation of her soul, that she did as tightly reined horses; she pulled up short and the bit slipped from her teeth.

indeed - certainement, vraiment, en effet, bien sur, certes

retreats - retraites, battre en retraite

novenas - neuvaines, neuvaine

preached - preché, precher, proclamer

respect - respect, respecter

Saints - les saints, Saint

martyrs - martyrs, martyr, martyre, chahîd, chahid

Salvation - le salut, salut

tightly - étanche, fermement

reined - en ligne, rene

This nature, positive in the midst of its enthusiasms, that had loved the church for the sake of the flowers, and music for the words of the songs, and literature for its passional stimulus, rebelled against the mysteries of faith as it grew irritated by discipline, a thing antipathetic to her constitution. When her father took her from school, no one was sorry to see her go.

enthusiasms - des enthousiasmes, enthousiasme, passion

literature - la littérature, littérature

passional - passionnel

stimulus - stimulus

rebelled - s'est rebellé, rebelle

mysteries - mysteres, mystere

Faith - la foi, foi, rench:, confiance

irritated by - irrité par

discipline - discipline, pénalité, branche

antipathetic - antipathique

The Lady Superior even thought that she had latterly been somewhat irreverent to the community.

superior - supérieur

latterly - dernierement

somewhat - en quelque sorte, assez, quelque peu

irreverent - irrévérencieux

community - communauté

Emma, at home once more, first took pleasure in looking after the servants, then grew disgusted with the country and missed her convent. When Charles came to the Bertaux for the first time, she thought herself quite disillusioned, with nothing more to learn, and nothing more to feel.

disillusioned - désillusionné, désillusionner, désillusion

But the uneasiness of her new position, or perhaps the disturbance caused by the presence of this man, had sufficed to make her believe that she at last felt that wondrous passion which, till then, like a great bird with rose-coloured wings, hung in the splendour of the skies of poesy; and now she could not think that the calm in which she lived was the happiness she had dreamed.

disturbance - perturbation, trouble, tapage

presence - présence

sufficed - suffisent, suffire, suffire 2, fr

wondrous - merveilleux

till then - jusqu'a ce moment-la

splendour - splendeur

skies - skies, ciel

poesy - poésies

Chapter Seven

She thought, sometimes, that, after all, this was the happiest time of her life"the honeymoon, as people called it. To taste the full sweetness of it, it would have been necessary doubtless to fly to those lands with sonorous names where the days after marriage are full of laziness most suave.

honeymoon - lune de miel, voyage de noces

necessary - nécessaire

fly to - s'envoler

laziness - la paresse, paresse, flemme

In post chaises behind blue silken curtains to ride slowly up steep road, listening to the song of the postilion re-echoed by the mountains, along with the bells of goats and the muffled sound of a waterfall; at sunset on the shores of gulfs to breathe in the perfume of lemon trees; then in the evening on the villa-terraces above, hand in hand to look at the stars, making plans for the future.

silken - en soie, soyeux

steep - raide

postilion - postilion, postillon

echoed - en écho, écho

goats - chevres, chevre, bouc, bique

muffled - étouffé, assourdir

waterfall - cascade, chute d'eau

sunset - coucher de soleil, crépuscule

shores - rivages, rivage

gulfs - les golfes, golfe

perfume - parfum, fragrance, parfumer

lemon - citron, citronnier, chiotte

villa - villa

Terraces - les terrasses, toit-terrasse, terrasse, gradins-p

It seemed to her that certain places on earth must bring happiness, as a plant peculiar to the soil, and that cannot thrive elsewhere. Why could not she lean over balconies in Swiss chalets, or enshrine her melancholy in a Scotch cottage, with a husband dressed in a black velvet coat with long tails, and thin shoes, a pointed hat and frills?

peculiar - particulier, extraordinaire, bizarre, curieux

soil - sol, terre, barbouillons, barbouiller, foncierere

thrive - prospérer, s'épanouir

elsewhere - ailleurs

balconies - balcons, balcon

Swiss - suisse, helvétique, Suissesse

chalets - chalets, chalet

enshrine - consacrer, enchâsser

cottage - chalet, cottage

frills - des fioritures, volant

Perhaps she would have liked to confide all these things to someone. But how tell an undefinable uneasiness, variable as the clouds, unstable as the winds? Words failed her"the opportunity, the courage.

confide - se confier, faire confiance, confier

undefinable - indéfinissable

variable - variable, parametre

clouds - nuages, s'obscurcir

unstable - instable

winds - vents, vent

opportunity - occasion, opportunité, occasion favorable, chance

courage - bravoure, courage, cour, vaillance

If Charles had but wished it, if he had guessed it, if his look had but once met her thought, it seemed to her that a sudden plenty would have gone out from her heart, as the fruit falls from a tree when shaken by a hand. But as the intimacy of their life became deeper, the greater became the gulf that separated her from him.

wished - souhaité, souhait, souhaiter, espérer

gone out - sorti

shaken - secoué, secouer, agiter

intimacy - l'intimité, intimité

Gulf - golfe

Charles's conversation was commonplace as a street pavement, and everyone's ideas trooped through it in their everyday garb, without exciting emotion, laughter, or thought. He had never had the curiosity, he said, while he lived at Rouen, to go to the theatre to see the actors from Paris.

commonplace - ordinaire, banal, lieu commun

pavement - revetement, chaussée, pavement

trooped - trooped, troupe-p

everyday - tous les jours

garb - vetements

emotion - l'émotion, émotion

laughter - rires, rire

curiosity - curiosité

He could neither swim, nor fence, nor shoot, and one day he could not explain some term of horsemanship to her that she had come across in a novel.

fence - clôture, cloison, recéleur, recéleuse, receleur

shoot - tirer, larguer, tirent, tirons, tirez

term - terme, ajournement, listing

horsemanship - l'équitation

A man, on the contrary, should he not know everything, excel in manifold activities, initiate you into the energies of passion, the refinements of life, all mysteries? But this one taught nothing, knew nothing, wished nothing. He thought her happy; and she resented this easy calm, this serene heaviness, the very happiness she gave him.

excel in - exceller

manifold - copie

initiate - initié, commencer, démarrer, initier

energies - énergies, énergie, courage

refinements - raffinements, raffinement

resented - s'est fait remarquer, s'offenser de qqch

serene - serein, enjoué

heaviness - lourdeur

Sometimes she would draw; and it was great amusement to Charles to stand there bolt upright and watch her bend over her cardboard, with eyes half-closed the better to see her work, or rolling, between her fingers, little bread-pellets. As to the piano, the more quickly her fingers glided over it the more he wondered.

amusement - l'amusement, amusement

stand there - rester la

bolt upright - Droit comme un i

bend - plier, courber, tordre, tourner

pellets - granulés, granule, plomb, pelote

glided - glissé, glisser, planer

She struck the notes with aplomb, and ran from top to bottom of the keyboard without a break. Thus shaken up, the old instrument, whose strings buzzed, could be heard at the other end of the village when the window was open, and often the bailiff's clerk, passing along the highroad bare-headed and in list slippers, stopped to listen, his sheet of paper in his hand.

keyboard - clavier, clavier électronique

buzzed - sonné, coup de fil, bourdonner, raser, tondre

clerk - greffier

slippers - des pantoufles, chausson, pantoufle

sheet - feuille, plaque, écoute

Emma, on the other hand, knew how to look after her house. She sent the patients'accounts in well-phrased letters that had no suggestion of a bill. When they had a neighbour to dinner on Sundays, she managed to have some tasty dish"piled up pyramids of greengages on vine leaves, served up preserves turned out into plates"and even spoke of buying finger-glasses for dessert.

suggestion - suggestion, proposition

tasty - savoureux, élégant, avec gout

piled up - empilés

pyramids - les pyramides, pyramide

greengages - les greens, reine-claude

vine - vigne, grimpante

preserves - conserves, confiture, conserve, réserve naturelle

finger - doigt, pointer, tripoter, doigter

From all this much consideration was extended to Bovary.

Charles finished by rising in his own esteem for possessing such a wife. He showed with pride in the sitting room two small pencil sketches by her that he had had framed in very large frames, and hung up against the wallpaper by long green cords. People returning from mass saw him at his door in his wool-work slippers.

possessing - posséder, s'emparer de

sketches - des croquis, croquer, esquisser, esquisse, ébauche

frames - cadres, encadrer, cadre, armature, ossature

cords - cordons, corde, cordon

He came home late"at ten o'clock, at midnight sometimes. Then he asked for something to eat, and as the servant had gone to bed, Emma waited on him. He took off his coat to dine more at his ease.

dine - dîner

He told her, one after the other, the people he had met, the villages where he had been, the prescriptions he had written, and, well pleased with himself, he finished the remainder of the boiled beef and onions, picked pieces off the cheese, munched an apple, emptied his water-bottle, and then went to bed, and lay on his back and snored.

prescriptions - prescriptions, ordonnance, prescription

remainder - reste, restant, checkreste, checkrésidu, checkinvendu

boiled - bouillie, bouillir

beef - bouf, bouf

lay on - s'allonger

As he had been for a time accustomed to wear nightcaps, his handkerchief would not keep down over his ears, so that his hair in the morning was all tumbled pell-mell about his face and whitened with the feathers of the pillow, whose strings came untied during the night.

tumbled - culbuté, culbute, dégringoler, culbuter

whitened - blanchi, blanchir

untied - détaché, détacher, délier

He always wore thick boots that had two long creases over the instep running obliquely towards the ankle, while the rest of the upper continued in a straight line as if stretched on a wooden foot. He said that "was quite good enough for the country."

creases - des plis, pli

instep - cou-de-pied, cou-deied

obliquely - de maniere indirecte

ankle - cheville

straight line - ligne droite

His mother approved of his economy, for she came to see him as formerly when there had been some violent row at her place; and yet Madame Bovary senior seemed prejudiced against her daughter-in-law.

approved - approuvée, approuver

Formerly - auparavant, autrefois, anciennement

violent - violent, vif

prejudiced - des préjugés, préjugé, idée préconçue, préjudice

She thought "her ways too fine for their position"; the wood, the sugar, and the candles disappeared as "at a grand establishment," and the amount of firing in the kitchen would have been enough for twenty-five courses. She put her linen in order for her in the presses, and taught her to keep an eye on the butcher when he brought the meat. Emma put up with these lessons.

candles - bougies, bougie, chandelle

establishment - établissement, systeme, classe dirigeante, establishment

amount - montant, quantité, monter, correspondre

presses - presses, appuyer sur, presser

Madame Bovary was lavish of them; and the words "daughter" and "mother" were exchanged all day long, accompanied by little quiverings of the lips, each one uttering gentle words in a voice trembling with anger.

exchanged - échangé, (é)changer

quiverings - des frémissements

uttering - prononcer, (utter) prononcer

In Madame Dubuc's time the old woman felt that she was still the favorite; but now the love of Charles for Emma seemed to her a desertion from her tenderness, an encroachment upon what was hers, and she watched her son's happiness in sad silence, as a ruined man looks through the windows at people dining in his old house.

favorite - préféré, favori

desertion - désertion

tenderness - tendresse

looks through - Regarder a travers

She recalled to him as remembrances her troubles and her sacrifices, and, comparing these with Emma's negligence, came to the conclusion that it was not reasonable to adore her so exclusively.

recalled - rappelée, rappeler, souvenir

sacrifices - sacrifices, sacrifier, sacrifice, offrande

negligence - négligence coupable

conclusion - conclusion, fin

reasonable - raisonnable

adore - adorer

exclusively - exclusivement, uniquement

Charles knew not what to answer: he respected his mother, and he loved his wife infinitely; he considered the judgment of the one infallible, and yet he thought the conduct of the other irreproachable. When Madam Bovary had gone, he tried timidly and in the same terms to hazard one or two of the more anodyne observations he had heard from his mamma.

respected - respecté, respect, respecter

infinitely - a l'infini

considered - envisagée, considérer, examiner, réfléchir, songer

judgment - jugement, sentence, verdict, jugement dernier

infallible - infaillible

irreproachable - irréprochable

madam - madame, mere maquerelle, tenanciere

terms - conditions, peine, mandat, période

hazard - hasard, danger, tenter, hasarder

Anodyne - anodyne, apaisant, analgésique, calmant

mamma - mamma, maman

Emma proved to him with a word that he was mistaken, and sent him off to his patients.

proved - prouvé, prouver

And yet, in accord with theories she believed right, she wanted to make herself in love with him. By moonlight in the garden she recited all the passionate rhymes she knew by heart, and, sighing, sang to him many melancholy adagios; but she found herself as calm after as before, and Charles seemed no more amorous and no more moved.

accord with - Accord avec

theories - théories, théorie

recited - récité, réciter

passionate - passionné

rhymes - rimes, strophe, vers, rime, rimer, faire rimer, vers-p, fr

sighing - soupirer

as before - comme avant

amorous - amoureuse

When she had thus for a while struck the flint on her heart without getting a spark, incapable, moreover, of understanding what she did not experience as of believing anything that did not present itself in conventional forms, she persuaded herself without difficulty that Charles's passion was nothing very exorbitant. His outbursts became regular; he embraced her at certain fixed times.

Flint - flint, silex, pierre a fusil, pierre a briquet

spark - l'étincelle, flammeche, étincelle

incapable - incapable

Experience - expérience, éprouver, vivre

itself - elle-meme, se, soi-meme

conventional - conventionnelle

persuaded - persuadé, persuader, convaincre

outbursts - des débordements, explosion

regular - réguliere, régulier, habitué, habituée, habitués, habituées

fixed - fixé, réparer, fixer, préparer, truquer, tricher, réparation

It was one habit among other habits, and, like a dessert, looked forward to after the monotony of dinner.

among - parmi

habits - habitudes, habitude

forward - avant, acheminent, acheminer, avanten, acheminons

monotony - monotonie

A gamekeeper, cured by the doctor of inflammation of the lungs, had given madame a little Italian greyhound; she took her out walking, for she went out sometimes in order to be alone for a moment, and not to see before her eyes the eternal garden and the dusty road. She went as far as the beeches of Banneville, near the deserted pavilion which forms an angle of the wall on the side of the country.

gamekeeper - garde-chasse

inflammation - l'inflammation, inflammation

lungs - poumons, poumon

Italian - italien, italophone, Italienne

Beeches - hetes, hetre

deserted - désertée, abandonner

pavilion - pavillon

Amidst the vegetation of the ditch there are long reeds with leaves that cut you.

vegetation - la végétation, végétation

reeds - anches, roseau

She began by looking round her to see if nothing had changed since last she had been there. She found again in the same places the foxgloves and wallflowers, the beds of nettles growing round the big stones, and the patches of lichen along the three windows, whose shutters, always closed, were rotting away on their rusty iron bars.

found again - retrouver

foxgloves - les digitales, digitale

wallflowers - les passeurs de muraille, vélar, herbe aux chantres

nettles - des orties, ortie, piquer, irriter, vexer

patches - des correctifs, piece, rustine

lichen - lichen

rotting - la pourriture, pourrir

rusty - rubigineux

Her thoughts, aimless at first, wandered at random, like her greyhound, who ran round and round in the fields, yelping after the yellow butterflies, chasing the shrew-mice, or nibbling the poppies on the edge of a cornfield.

wandered - erré, errer, vaguer, divaguer

random - au hasard, inconnu, aléatoire, stochastique, pseudo-aléatoire

yelping - glapissement, (yelp) glapissement

butterflies - des papillons, papillon, pansement papillon

chasing - chassant, (chas) chassant

shrew - mégere, musaraigne

nibbling - grignotage, (nibble) grignotage

poppies - coquelicots, pavot

cornfield - champ de mais, champ de blé

Then gradually her ideas took definite shape, and, sitting on the grass that she dug up with little prods of her sunshade, Emma repeated to herself, "Good heavens! Why did I marry?"

definite - définitif

shape - forme

dug up - déterré

prods - les prods, pousser

Good heavens - Grands dieux

She asked herself if by some other chance combination it would have not been possible to meet another man; and she tried to imagine what would have been these unrealised events, this different life, this unknown husband. All, surely, could not be like this one. He might have been handsome, witty, distinguished, attractive, such as, no doubt, her old companions of the convent had married.

combination - combinaison, sélection, association, groupement, side-car

surely - surement, surement, assurément

What were they doing now? In town, with the noise of the streets, the buzz of the theatres and the lights of the ballroom, they were living lives where the heart expands, the senses bourgeon out. But she"her life was cold as a garret whose dormer window looks on the north, and ennui, the silent spider, was weaving its web in the darkness in every corner of her heart.

buzz - buzz, coup de fil, bourdonner, raser, tondre

ballroom - salle de bal, danse de salon

expands - s'étendent, agrandir, développer, élaborer

senses - sens, acception, sentir

bourgeon - bourgeon

dormer window - lucarne

ennui - l'ennui, apathie, indolence, mélancolie, dépression

spider - araignée

weaving - le tissage, tissage, (weave) le tissage

web - réseau, panier, poche, âme, âme (de rail), palmure, bobine

She recalled the prize days, when she mounted the platform to receive her little crowns, with her hair in long plaits.

prize - prix, houp, récompense

mounted - monté, monter

In her white frock and open prunella shoes she had a pretty way, and when she went back to her seat, the gentlemen bent over her to congratulate her; the courtyard was full of carriages; farewells were called to her through their windows; the music master with his violin case bowed in passing by. How far all of this! How far away!

frock - robe de chambre, robe

prunella - Prunelle

seat - siege, place, siege, assise, séant, fond

congratulate - féliciter

farewells - les adieux, adieu, prendre congé, dire adieu, faire ses adieux

passing by - en passant par la

She called Djali, took her between her knees, and smoothed the long delicate head, saying, "Come, kiss mistress; you have no troubles."

smoothed - lissé, lisse, doux, facile, sophistiqué, naturel, souple

Then noting the melancholy face of the graceful animal, who yawned slowly, she softened, and comparing her to herself, spoke to her aloud as to somebody in trouble whom one is consoling.

graceful - gracieux

yawned - bâillé, bâiller, béer, bâillement

softened - adoucie, adoucir

aloud - a haute voix, a voix haute, a haute voix, fort

consoling - consoler

Occasionally there came gusts of winds, breezes from the sea rolling in one sweep over the whole plateau of the Caux country, which brought even to these fields a salt freshness. The rushes, close to the ground, whistled; the branches trembled in a swift rustling, while their summits, ceaselessly swaying, kept up a deep murmur. Emma drew her shawl round her shoulders and rose.

Occasionally - occasionnellement

gusts - des rafales, rafale

breezes - brises, brise

rolling in - en train de rouler

sweep - balayer, balayage

plateau - plateau, stagner, plafonner, se stabiliser, atteindre un plateau

rushes - des joncs, se précipiter, emmener d'urgence

whistled - sifflé, sifflet, siffler, sifflement, sifflements-p

swift - rapide, martinet, dévidoir

rustling - bruissement, (rustle), froufrou, froufrouter

summits - sommets, sommet

swaying - se balancer, (sway), autorité, poids, influence, prépondérance

kept up - maintenu

murmur - murmure, rumeur, souffle, murmurer

In the avenue a green light dimmed by the leaves lit up the short moss that crackled softly beneath her feet. The sun was setting; the sky showed red between the branches, and the trunks of the trees, uniform, and planted in a straight line, seemed a brown colonnade standing out against a background of gold.

avenue - avenue

dimmed - diminué, faible, vague

moss - mousse

crackled - crépité, crépitement, crépiter

trunks - troncs d'arbre, tronc, malle, coffre, trompe

uniform - uniforme

colonnade - colonnade

background - arriere-plan, trame, fond

A fear took hold of her; she called Djali, and hurriedly returned to Tostes by the high road, threw herself into an armchair, and for the rest of the evening did not speak.

armchair - fauteuil, chaise bourrée

But towards the end of September something extraordinary fell upon her life; she was invited by the Marquis d'Andervilliers to Vaubyessard.

extraordinary - extraordinaire

Secretary of State under the Restoration, the Marquis, anxious to re-enter political life, set about preparing for his candidature to the Chamber of Deputies long beforehand. In the winter he distributed a great deal of wood, and in the Conseil General always enthusiastically demanded new roads for his arrondissement.

state - l'état, état, Etat, déclarer, indiquer

restoration - restauration

anxious - anxieux, désireux

enter - entrer, rench: t-needed r, taper, saisir

political - politique

candidature - candidature

chamber - chambre, piece, salle

deputies - adjoints, adjoint, adjointe, suppléant, suppléante, député

distributed - distribué, distribuer, répartir

general - général, communal, en chef, universal, d'ensemble

enthusiastically - avec enthousiasme

demanded - demandée, demande, exigence, exiger

arrondissement - arrondissement

During the dog-days he had suffered from an abscess, which Charles had cured as if by miracle by giving a timely little touch with the lancet. The steward sent to Tostes to pay for the operation reported in the evening that he had seen some superb cherries in the doctor's little garden.

abscess - abces, abces, abcéder

miracle - miracle

timely - en temps utile, opportun, au bon moment

touch - toucher, émouvoir, contact

lancet - lancette

steward - steward, intendant

superb - superbe

cherries - des cerises, cerise, qualifier

Now cherry trees did not thrive at Vaubyessard; the Marquis asked Bovary for some slips; made it his business to thank his personally; saw Emma; thought she had a pretty figure, and that she did not bow like a peasant; so that he did not think he was going beyond the bounds of condescension, nor, on the other hand, making a mistake, in inviting the young couple.

cherry - cerise

slips - glisse, glisser

personally - personnellement

condescension - condescendance

inviting - invitant, inviter (a)

couple - couple, paire, époux, quelques, deux ou trois., coupler

On Wednesday at three o'clock, Monsieur and Madame Bovary, seated in their dog-cart, set out for Vaubyessard, with a great trunk strapped on behind and a bonnet-box in front of the apron. Besides these Charles held a bandbox between his knees.

trunk - tronc, malle, coffre, trompe, coffre (de voiture), valise

strapped - sanglé, sangle, courroie, laniere, bandouliere

bonnet - bonnet, orth America, casquette, béret, capot

They arrived at nightfall, just as the lamps in the park were being lit to show the way for the carriages.

at nightfall - a la tombée de la nuit

Chapter Eight

The château, a modern building in Italian style, with two projecting wings and three flights of steps, lay at the foot of an immense green-sward, on which some cows were grazing among groups of large trees set out at regular intervals, while large beds of arbutus, rhododendron, syringas, and guelder roses bulged out their irregular clusters of green along the curve of the gravel path.

lay - laique, pondre, pose

immense - immense

sward - sward

grazing - le pâturage, (graze), éraflure, faire paître, brouter, pâturer

arbutus - arbousier

rhododendron - rhododendron

bulged - bombé, bombement, bosse, protubérance, bomber, déformer

clusters - les grappes, groupe, grappe, régime, amas, rench: -neededr

curve - courbe, courbes, courber

gravel path - chemin de gravier

A river flowed under a bridge; through the mist one could distinguish buildings with thatched roofs scattered over the field bordered by two gently sloping, well timbered hillocks, and in the background amid the trees rose in two parallel lines the coach houses and stables, all that was left of the ruined old château.

Bridge - le pont, carpette

mist - brouillard, brume

distinguish - distinguer

thatched roofs - des toits de chaume

scattered - dispersé, disperser, se disperser, éparpiller, parsemer

bordered - bordé, frontiere, bord, bordure, délimiter, border

sloping - en pente, renverser, déborder

timbered - boisé, bois de construction

hillocks - des buttes, monticule, tertre, mondrain, mamelon

parallel - parallele, parallele, parallele a, parallelement

coach - entraîneur, coche, voiture, entraineur, entraineuse, autocar

Charles's dog-cart pulled up before the middle flight of steps; servants appeared; the Marquis came forward, and, offering his arm to the doctor's wife, conducted her to the vestibule.

offering - offre, offrande, (offer)

conducted - conduite, comportement, se comporter, conduire, mener

vestibule - vestibule

It was paved with marble slabs, was very lofty, and the sound of footsteps and that of voices re-echoed through it as in a church.

paved - pavé, paver

slabs - dalles, bloc, pavé

lofty - noble, haut

Opposite rose a straight staircase, and on the left a gallery overlooking the garden led to the billiard room, through whose door one could hear the click of the ivory balls. As she crossed it to go to the drawing room, Emma saw standing round the table men with grave faces, their chins resting on high cravats. They all wore orders, and smiled silently as they made their strokes.

gallery - galerie, balcon

billiard - billard

click - cliquer, se fermer rapidement, claquer

crossed - croisé, croix, signe de croix

chins - mentons, menton

resting - au repos, (rest) au repos

cravats - des cravates, foulard

strokes - coups, coup

On the dark wainscoting of the walls large gold frames bore at the bottom names written in black letters. She read: "Jean-Antoine d'Andervilliers d'Yvervonbille, Count de la Vaubyessard and Baron de la Fresnay, killed at the battle of Coutras on the 20th of October, 1587." And on another: "Jean-Antoine-Henry-Guy d'Andervilliers de la Vaubyessard, Admiral of France and Chevalier of the Order of St.

wainscoting - les lambris, (wainscot) les lambris

bore - l'alésage, rencontrer, naquis, ennuyer, acabit, lasser

la - La

count - compter, comptent, comptez, comptons, comte

Baron - baron

battle - bataille, combat

guy - gars, ancrer, portant

admiral - amiral

France - la france, France

Chevalier - chevalier

Michael, wounded at the battle of the Hougue-Saint-Vaast on the 29th of May, 1692; died at Vaubyessard on the 23rd of January 1693." One could hardly make out those that followed, for the light of the lamps lowered over the green cloth threw a dim shadow round the room.

dim - dim, faible, vague

Burnishing the horizontal pictures, it broke up against these in delicate lines where there were cracks in the varnish, and from all these great black squares framed in with gold stood out here and there some lighter portion of the painting"a pale brow, two eyes that looked at you, perukes flowing over and powdering red-coated shoulders, or the buckle of a garter above a well-rounded calf.

Burnishing - brulage, brunissage, (burnish) brulage

horizontal - horizontal

cracks - des fissures, (se) feler

varnish - vernis, vernir

squares - carrés, carré, équerre, place, case, carreau

portion - part, portion

perukes - perukes, perruque

flowing - en cours d'exécution, couler

powdering - poudrage, poudre, réduire en poudre, pulvériser, poudrer

buckle - boucle, boucler, bouclent, bouclez, bouclons

Garter - jarretiere, jarretiere, jarretelle

rounded - arrondi, rond

calf - veau, mollet

The Marquis opened the drawing room door; one of the ladies (the Marchioness herself) came to meet Emma. She made her sit down by her on an ottoman, and began talking to her as amicably as if she had known her a long time.

Marchioness - marquise

ottoman - ottoman, divan, ottomane, pouf

amicably - a l'amiable

She was a woman of about forty, with fine shoulders, a hook nose, a drawling voice, and on this evening she wore over her brown hair a simple guipure fichu that fell in a point at the back. A fair young woman sat in a high-backed chair in a corner; and gentlemen with flowers in their buttonholes were talking to ladies round the fire.

Drawling - la voix traînante, (drawl) la voix traînante

guipure - guipure

point at - pointer du doigt

buttonholes - boutonnieres, boutonniere, tenir la jambe

At seven dinner was served. The men, who were in the majority, sat down at the first table in the vestibule; the ladies at the second in the dining room with the Marquis and Marchioness.

majority - majorité

Emma, on entering, felt herself wrapped round by the warm air, a blending of the perfume of flowers and of the fine linen, of the fumes of the viands, and the odour of the truffles.

The silver dish covers reflected the lighted wax candles in the candelabra, the cut crystal covered with light steam reflected from one to the other pale rays; bouquets were placed in a row the whole length of the table; and in the large-bordered plates each napkin, arranged after the fashion of a bishop's mitre, held between its two gaping folds a small oval shaped roll.

covers - couvertures, couvercle, couverture, couvert

reflected - réfléchie, refléter, réfléchir

candelabra - candélabre, (candelabrum)

crystal - cristal, de cristal, en cristal

steam - de la vapeur

bouquets - bouquets, bouquet

napkin - serviette de table, serviette

bishop - éveque, eveque

mitre - l'onglet, mitre

gaping - béante, (gap) béante

shaped - en forme, forme

roll - rouler, petit pain, enroulez, roulons, enroulent, roulez

The red claws of lobsters hung over the dishes; rich fruit in open baskets was piled up on moss; there were quails in their plumage; smoke was rising; and in silk stockings, knee-breeches, white cravat, and frilled shirt, the steward, grave as a judge, offering ready carved dishes between the shoulders of the guests, with a touch of the spoon gave you the piece chosen.

claws - griffes, griffe

lobsters - des homards, homard

hung over - La gueule de bois

baskets - paniers, panier

piled - empilés, pile, tas

quails - les cailles, reculer (devant)

plumage - plumage, plume (pars pro toto), plumée, pennage

smoke - la fumée, fumons, griller, fumer, fument, fumée, fumez

silk stockings - des bas de soie

knee-breeches - (knee-breeches) Haut-de-chause

cravat - cravate, foulard

frilled shirt - chemise a jabot

judge - juge, juger

spoon - cuillere, cuiller

On the large stove of porcelain inlaid with copper baguettes the statue of a woman, draped to the chin, gazed motionless on the room full of life.

inlaid - incrusté, incrustation

copper - cuivre

baguettes - baguettes, baguette

statue - statue

gazed - regardé, fixer

Madame Bovary noticed that many ladies had not put their gloves in their glasses.

But at the upper end of the table, alone amongst all these women, bent over his full plate, and his napkin tied round his neck like a child, an old man sat eating, letting drops of gravy drip from his mouth. His eyes were bloodshot, and he wore a little queue tied with black ribbon.

tied round - un tour de piste

gravy - du jus de viande, jus de viande, sauce au jus

drip - goutte a goutte, (é)goutter, dégouliner

bloodshot - des yeux injectés de sang, injecté

queue - file d'attente, queue, natte, file, faire la queue

He was the Marquis's father-in-law, the old Duke de Laverdiere, once on a time favourite of the Count d'Artois, in the days of the Vaudreuil hunting-parties at the Marquis de Conflans', and had been, it was said, the lover of Queen Marie Antoinette, between Monsieur de Coigny and Monsieur de Lauzun.

Duke - duke, duc

Artois - Artois

Queen - la reine, reine, dame, folle, chatte, promouvoir, mener a dame

He had lived a life of noisy debauch, full of duels, bets, elopements; he had squandered his fortune and frightened all his family. A servant behind his chair named aloud to him in his ear the dishes that he pointed to stammering, and constantly Emma's eyes turned involuntarily to this old man with hanging lips, as to something extraordinary. He had lived at court and slept in the bed of queens!

noisy - bruyante, bruyant, tonitruant

debauch - débauche, débaucher

duels - duels, duel, croiser le fer

bets - paris, parier (sur)

elopements - fugues, élopement, disparition

squandered - dilapidée, gâcher, gaspiller, dilapider

frightened - effrayé, effrayer, redouter, terrifier

involuntarily - involontairement

Queens - Les reines, (queen), reine, dame, folle, chatte, promouvoir

Iced champagne was poured out. Emma shivered all over as she felt it cold in her mouth. She had never seen pomegranates nor tasted pineapples. The powdered sugar even seemed to her whiter and finer than elsewhere.

champagne - du champagne, Champagne

poured out - versée

pomegranates - des grenades, grenade, grenadier

tasted - dégustée, gout, saveur, avant-gout, gouter, avoir un gout

pineapples - ananas

powdered sugar - du sucre en poudre

The ladies afterwards went to their rooms to prepare for the ball.

Emma made her toilet with the fastidious care of an actress on her debut. She did her hair according to the directions of the hairdresser, and put on the barege dress spread out upon the bed.

fastidious - fastidieux, pointilleux, minutieux, méticuleux, exigeant

debut - début, premiere, présenter, lancer, se lancer

directions - des directions, direction

Hairdresser - coiffeur, coiffeuse, friseur, friseuse

barege - barege

Charles's trousers were tight across the belly.

belly - ventre

"My trouser-straps will be rather awkward for dancing," he said.

trouser - pantalon

straps - sangles, sangle, courroie, laniere, bandouliere

awkward - maladroit, gauche, embarrassant, inconvenant

"Dancing?" repeated Emma.

"Yes!"

"Why, you must be mad! They would make fun of you; keep your place. Besides, it is more becoming for a doctor," she added.

make fun - s'amuser

more becoming - Plus attrayant

Charles was silent. He walked up and down waiting for Emma to finish dressing.

He saw her from behind in the glass between two lights. Her black eyes seemed blacker than ever. Her hair, undulating towards the ears, shone with a blue lustre; a rose in her chignon trembled on its mobile stalk, with artificial dewdrops on the tip of the leaves. She wore a gown of pale saffron trimmed with three bouquets of pompon roses mixed with green.

undulating - ondulée, onduler, ondoyer

lustre - l'éclat, lustre, éclat

mobile - mobile

stalk - traquer

artificial - artificiels

dewdrops - gouttes de rosée, goutte de rosée

saffron - le safran, safran

trimmed - rognée, tailler, compenser, compensation, compensateur, assiette

pompon - pompon

mixed - mixte, mélanger

Charles came and kissed her on her shoulder.

"Let me alone!" she said; "you are tumbling me."

tumbling - la culbute, (tumble), culbute, dégringoler, culbuter

One could hear the flourish of the violin and the notes of a horn. She went downstairs restraining herself from running.

flourish - s'épanouir, fleurir, brandir, gesticulation, fioriture

horn - corne, cor, klaxon, cuivres

went downstairs - est descendu en bas

restraining - de contention, (se) contenir/retenir

Dancing had begun. Guests were arriving. There was some crushing.

crushing - l'écrasement, barricade, béguin, amourette, faible

She sat down on a form near the door.

The quadrille over, the floor was occupied by groups of men standing up and talking and servants in livery bearing large trays. Along the line of seated women painted fans were fluttering, bouquets half hid smiling faces, and gold stoppered scent-bottles were turned in partly-closed hands, whose white gloves outlined the nails and tightened on the flesh at the wrists.

Quadrille - quadrille

livery - la livrée

bearing - naissant, coussinet, (bear) naissant

trays - plateaux, plateau

fans - fans, éventail

fluttering - flottement, faséyer, voleter, voltiger, battement

hid - caché, (hide) caché

scent - parfum, odeur, odorat, sentir

turned in - rendu

partly - en partie

outlined - esquissé, contour, silhouette, esquisse, aperçu, résumé

tightened - serré, serrer, se resserrer, resserrer les taux

Lace trimmings, diamond brooches, medallion bracelets trembled on bodices, gleamed on breasts, clinked on bare arms.

diamond - diamant

brooches - broches, broche

medallion - médaillon

bracelets - bracelets, bracelet

bodices - corsages, corsage

gleamed - brillait, luire

The hair, well-smoothed over the temples and knotted at the nape, bore crowns, or bunches, or sprays of myosotis, jasmine, pomegranate blossoms, ears of corn, and corn-flowers. Calmly seated in their places, mothers with forbidding countenances were wearing red turbans.

knotted - noué, noeud

nape - nuque

bunches - des grappes, groupe, bouquet, botte, grappe, bande, peloton

sprays - sprays, (nuage de) gouttelettes, pulvérisation

myosotis - Myosotis

jasmine - jasmin

pomegranate - grenade, grenadier

calmly - calmement, paisiblement

countenances - des visages, visage, approuver

turbans - turbans, turban

Emma's heart beat rather faster when, her partner holding her by the tips of the fingers, she took her place in a line with the dancers, and waited for the first note to start. But her emotion soon vanished, and, swaying to the rhythm of the orchestra, she glided forward with slight movements of the neck.

beat - battre

vanished - disparue, disparaître, s'évanouir, s'annuler

rhythm - rythme

orchestra - l'orchestre, orchestre

Slight - insignifiant, léger

movements - mouvements, mouvement

A smile rose to her lips at certain delicate phrases of the violin, that sometimes played alone while the other instruments were silent; one could hear the clear clink of the louis d'or that were being thrown down upon the card tables in the next room; then all struck again, the cornet-a-piston uttered its sonorous note, feet marked time, skirts swelled and rustled, hands touched and parted; the same eyes falling before you met yours again.

smile - sourire

instruments - des instruments, instrument, acte

clink - clink, cliquetis, de terre, taule

thrown down - jeté a terre

cornet - cornet (a pistons)

piston - piston

uttered - prononcée, complet, total

marked - marqué, Marc

swelled - gonflé, enfler, gonfler

rustled - froissé, bruissement, froufrou, froufrouter

A few men (some fifteen or so), of twenty-five to forty, scattered here and there among the dancers or talking at the doorways, distinguished themselves from the crowd by a certain air of breeding, whatever their differences in age, dress, or face.

doorways - les portes, embrasure de la porte

crowd - foule, acculer, amas, marée humaine

breeding - l'élevage, (breed), se reproduire, engendrer, élever, race

whatever - quoi qu'il en soit, quel que soit, n'importe quel

Their clothes, better made, seemed of finer cloth, and their hair, brought forward in curls towards the temples, glossy with more delicate pomades. They had the complexion of wealth"that clear complexion that is heightened by the pallor of porcelain, the shimmer of satin, the veneer of old furniture, and that an ordered regimen of exquisite nurture maintains at its best.

brought forward - Reporté

glossy - luisant, brillant

more delicate - plus délicate

pomades - pommades, pommade

complexion - le teint, teint, complexion

wealth - la richesse, richesse, profusion, abondance, checkfortune

heightened - renforcée, hausser

pallor - pâleur

shimmer - chatoiement, miroiter

veneer - placage, vernis, vernir

regimen - régime

exquisite - exquis

nurture - l'éducation, élever, éduquer, nourrir, favoriser, alimenter

maintains - maintient, entretenir, maintenir

Their necks moved easily in their low cravats, their long whiskers fell over their turned-down collars, they wiped their lips upon handkerchiefs with embroidered initials that gave forth a subtle perfume. Those who were beginning to grow old had an air of youth, while there was something mature in the faces of the young.

necks - cou

easily - facilement

handkerchiefs - des mouchoirs, mouchoir

embroidered - brodée, broder

subtle - subtile, subtil, délicat, astucieux

grow old - vieillir

mature - mature, pruine, mur

In their unconcerned looks was the calm of passions daily satiated, and through all their gentleness of manner pierced that peculiar brutality, the result of a command of half-easy things, in which force is exercised and vanity amused"the management of thoroughbred horses and the society of loose women.

unconcerned - indifférent, indifférence

passions - passions, passion

daily - quotidien, journellement

satiated - rassasié, rassasier

gentleness - la douceur, rench:

brutality - brutalité

Command - commandement, ordre, maîtrise, commande, commander, ordonner

force - force, forcez, contrainte, forçons, contraindre, forcent

vanity - la vanité, vanité

amused - amusé, amuser

management - de gestion, administration, gestion, gérance, direction

thoroughbred horses - des chevaux pur-sang

loose - en vrac, ample, desserré

A few steps from Emma a gentleman in a blue coat was talking of Italy with a pale young woman wearing a parure of pearls.

gentleman - gentilhomme, monsieur, messieurs

Italy - l'italie, Italie

parure - parure

pearls - perles, perle, joyau, perlure, parisienne, sédanoise

They were praising the breadth of the columns of St. Peter's, Tivoly, Vesuvius, Castellamare, and Cassines, the roses of Genoa, the Coliseum by moonlight. With her other ear Emma was listening to a conversation full of words she did not understand.

praising - louer, (praise), louange, féliciter, prôner, vénérer

columns - colonnes, colonne, colonne (1, 2, 3)

Peter - peter, Pierre, P

Vesuvius - le vésuve, Vésuve

Genoa - genes, Genes

Coliseum - colisée

A circle gathered round a very young man who the week before had beaten "Miss Arabella" and "Romolus," and won two thousand louis jumping a ditch in England. One complained that his racehorses were growing fat; another of the printers'errors that had disfigured the name of his horse.

circle - cercle, disque, yeux cernés, cerne, cercler, entourer, encercler

beaten - battu, battre

jumping - sauter, (faire) sauter

racehorses - des chevaux de course, cheval de course

printers - des imprimeurs, imprimeur, imprimeuse

errors - erreurs, erreur, vice, etre en erreur, planter

disfigured - défiguré, défigurer

The atmosphere of the ball was heavy; the lamps were growing dim.

heavy - lourd, emporté

Guests were flocking to the billiard room. A servant got upon a chair and broke the window-panes. At the crash of the glass Madame Bovary turned her head and saw in the garden the faces of peasants pressed against the window looking in at them. Then the memory of the Bertaux came back to her.

flocking - flocage, (floc) flocage

panes - vitres, vitre

crash - crash, fracas

peasants - paysans, paysan, paysanne, rustique

looking in - Regarder dans

She saw the farm again, the muddy pond, her father in a blouse under the apple trees, and she saw herself again as formerly, skimming with her finger the cream off the milk-pans in the dairy. But in the refulgence of the present hour her past life, so distinct until then, faded away completely, and she almost doubted having lived it.

Muddy - morne

blouse - chemisier, blouse

apple trees - des pommiers

skimming - écrémage, écrémant, (skim), dépasser doucement, effleurer

dairy - laiterie, cremerie, alimentation générale

refulgence - refulgence

past life - vie antérieure

distinct - distinct, intelligible, reconnaissable

faded away - s'éteindre

doubted - douté, douter, doute

She was there; beyond the ball was only shadow overspreading all the rest. She was just eating a maraschino ice that she held with her left hand in a silver-gilt cup, her eyes half-closed, and the spoon between her teeth.

maraschino - Marasquin

A lady near her dropped her fan. A gentlemen was passing.

dropped - a déposé, goutte

fan - fan, éventail, ventilateur

"Would you be so good," said the lady, "as to pick up my fan that has fallen behind the sofa?"

fallen behind - pris du retard

sofa - canapé, sofa

The gentleman bowed, and as he moved to stretch out his arm, Emma saw the hand of a young woman throw something white, folded in a triangle, into his hat. The gentleman, picking up the fan, offered it to the lady respectfully; she thanked him with an inclination of the head, and began smelling her bouquet.

throw - lancer, jetent, jetez, jetons, mise bas

triangle - triangle

respectfully - respectueusement

inclination - inclinaison, checktendance

smelling - l'odeur, (smell), odeur, parfum, gout, odorat, sentir, humer

After supper, where were plenty of Spanish and Rhine wines, soups Ă  la bisque and au lait d'amandes,[8] puddings Ă  la Trafalgar, and all sorts of cold meats with jellies that trembled in the dishes, the carriages one after the other began to drive off. Raising the corners of the muslin curtain, one could see the light of their lanterns glimmering through the darkness.

Spanish - espagnol, castillan

Rhine - le rhin, Rhin

bisque - bisque

au - au, SPL

puddings - puddings, boudin, pudding

Trafalgar - Trafalgar

jellies - gelées, gelée

muslin - mousseline

lanterns - lanternes, lanterne

glimmering - scintillant, (glimmer), lueur, émettre une lueur

The seats began to empty, some card-players were still left; the musicians were cooling the tips of their fingers on their tongues. Charles was half asleep, his back propped against a door.

players - joueurs, joueur, joueuse, acteur, actrice, comédien, comédienne

musicians - musiciens, musicien, musicienne

tongues - langues, langue, languette

propped - étayé, support

[8] With almond milk

almond - amande, amandier

At three o'clock the cotillion began. Emma did not know how to waltz. Everyone was waltzing, Mademoiselle d'Andervilliers herself and the Marquis; only the guests staying at the castle were still there, about a dozen persons.

cotillion - cotillon

Waltzing - la valse, valser, (waltz), valse

castle - château, château-fort, roquer

dozen - douzaine, dizaine

One of the waltzers, however, who was familiarly called Viscount, and whose low cut waistcoat seemed moulded to his chest, came a second time to ask Madame Bovary to dance, assuring her that he would guide her, and that she would get through it very well.

familiarly - familierement

Viscount - vicomte

moulded - moulé, terreau, humus

assuring - assurer, rassurer

They began slowly, then went more rapidly. They turned; all around them was turning"the lamps, the furniture, the wainscoting, the floor, like a disc on a pivot. On passing near the doors the bottom of Emma's dress caught against his trousers.

disc - disque, plaque

pivot - pivot

Their legs commingled; he looked down at her; she raised her eyes to his. A torpor seized her; she stopped. They started again, and with a more rapid movement; the Viscount, dragging her along disappeared with her to the end of the gallery, where panting, she almost fell, and for a moment rested her head upon his breast. And then, still turning, but more slowly, he guided her back to her seat.

torpor - torpeur

seized - saisi, saisir

rapid - rapide, rapides

panting - haletant, (pant) haletant

guided - guidé, guider

She leaned back against the wall and covered her eyes with her hands.

leaned - penché, pencher

When she opened them again, in the middle of the drawing room three waltzers were kneeling before a lady sitting on a stool.

stool - tabouret

She chose the Viscount, and the violin struck up once more.

Everyone looked at them. They passed and re-passed, she with rigid body, her chin bent down, and he always in the same pose, his figure curved, his elbow rounded, his chin thrown forward. That woman knew how to waltz! They kept up a long time, and tired out all the others.

rigid - rigide

pose - poser, posez, posent, posons

waltz - valse, valser

Then they talked a few moments longer, and after the goodnights, or rather good mornings, the guests of the château retired to bed.

goodnights - bonsoir

Charles dragged himself up by the balusters. His "knees were going up into his body." He had spent five consecutive hours standing bolt upright at the card tables, watching them play whist, without understanding anything about it, and it was with a deep sigh of relief that he pulled off his boots.

balusters - les balustres, balustre

consecutive - consécutif

bolt - boulon, verrouiller, pene

whist - whist

Emma threw a shawl over her shoulders, opened the window, and leant out.

leant out - se pencher

The night was dark; some drops of rain were falling. She breathed in the damp wind that refreshed her eyelids. The music of the ball was still murmuring in her ears. And she tried to keep herself awake in order to prolong the illusion of this luxurious life that she would soon have to give up.

breathed - respiré, respirer, inspirer, expirer

refreshed - rafraîchie, revigorer, rafraîchir

murmuring - murmure, (murmur), rumeur, souffle, murmurer

awake - éveillé, (se) réveiller, (s')éveiller

prolong - prolonger

illusion - illusion

luxurious - luxueux, de luxe

Day began to break. She looked long at the windows of the château, trying to guess which were the rooms of all those she had noticed the evening before. She would fain have known their lives, have penetrated, blended with them. But she was shivering with cold. She undressed, and cowered down between the sheets against Charles, who was asleep.

fain - fain

blended - mélangé, mélange, mélanger, meler, mixer

undressed - déshabillé, déshabiller

cowered - s'est recroquevillé, se recroqueviller

There were a great many people to luncheon. The repast lasted ten minutes; no liqueurs were served, which astonished the doctor.

repast - repas

lasted - a duré, dernier

liqueurs - liqueurs, liqueur, ratafia

astonished - étonné, étonner, surprendre

Next, Mademoiselle d'Andervilliers collected some pieces of roll in a small basket to take them to the swans on the ornamental waters, and they went to walk in the hot-houses, where strange plants, bristling with hairs, rose in pyramids under hanging vases, whence, as from over-filled nests of serpents, fell long green cords interlacing.

collected - collectés, (se) rassembler

roll in - Rouler a lintérieur

ornamental - ornemental, ornementale

strange - étrange, anormal, inconnu, étranger

vases - vases, vase

as from - a partir de

nests - nids, nid

serpents - des serpents, serpent

interlacing - l'entrelacement, entrelacer

The orangery, which was at the other end, led by a covered way to the outhouses of the château. The Marquis, to amuse the young woman, took her to see the stables.

orangery - orangerie

Above the basket-shaped racks porcelain slabs bore the names of the horses in black letters. Each animal in its stall whisked its tail when anyone went near and said "Tchk! tchk!" The boards of the harness room shone like the flooring of a drawing room.

stall - décrochage, écurie, standing, étable

whisked - au fouet, aller a toute allure, emmener immédiatement

tail - queue

boards - des planches, planche

The carriage harness was piled up in the middle against two twisted columns, and the bits, the whips, the spurs, the curbs, were ranged in a line all along the wall.

bits - bits, (petit) morceau

curbs - les bordures, restreindre, endiguer

ranged in - rangé

Charles, meanwhile, went to ask a groom to put his horse to. The dog-cart was brought to the foot of the steps, and, all the parcels being crammed in, the Bovarys paid their respects to the Marquis and Marchioness and set out again for Tostes.

groom - marié, garçon d'écurie

parcels - colis, paquet, parcelle, empaqueter, emballer, envelopper

respects - respecte, respect, respecter

Emma watched the turning wheels in silence. Charles, on the extreme edge of the seat, held the reins with his two arms wide apart, and the little horse ambled along in the shafts that were too big for him. The loose reins hanging over his crupper were wet with foam, and the box fastened on behind the chaise gave great regular bumps against it.

extreme - extreme, extreme, excessif, excessive

apart - a part, séparé, séparément, a part, en morceaux, en pieces

ambled - en balade, amble, déambuler, ambler

hanging over - en suspens

crupper - crupper, croupiere

foam - écume, mousse, écumer, mousser

bumps - bosses, bourrade, boum, bosse, saillie, ballon

They were on the heights of Thibourville when suddenly some horsemen with cigars between their lips passed laughing. Emma thought she recognized the Viscount, turned back, and caught on the horizon only the movement of the heads rising or falling with the unequal cadence of the trot or gallop.

heights - les hauteurs, hauteur, taille

horsemen - cavaliers, cavalier

recognized - reconnu, reconnaître

cadence - cadence

A mile farther on they had to stop to mend with some string the traces that had broken.

string - corde, suite, série, chaîne de caracteres, cordes, cannabis

But Charles, giving a last look to the harness, saw something on the ground between his horse's legs, and he picked up a cigar-case with a green silk border and beblazoned in the centre like the door of a carriage.

cigar - cigare

"There are even two cigars in it," said he; "they'll do for this evening after dinner."

"Why, do you smoke?" she asked.

"Sometimes, when I get a chance."

He put his find in his pocket and whipped up the nag.

Pocket - poche, empocher, de poche

whipped - fouetté, fouet, whip, fouetter, flageller, défaire, battre

Nag - nag, harceler, houspiller

When they reached home the dinner was not ready. Madame lost her temper. Nastasie answered rudely.

temper - caractere, tempérament, humeur, état d'esprit, recuit

rudely - grossierement, bourru

"Leave the room!" said Emma. "You are forgetting yourself. I give you warning."

warning - l'avertissement, avertissement, attention, (warn), avertir

For dinner there was onion soup and a piece of veal with sorrel.

Charles, seated opposite Emma, rubbed his hands gleefully.

rubbed - frotté, friction, hic, frotter, polir

gleefully - avec joie

"How good it is to be at home again!"

Nastasie could be heard crying. He was rather fond of the poor girl. She had formerly, during the wearisome time of his widowhood, kept him company many an evening. She had been his first patient, his oldest acquaintance in the place.

crying - pleurer, pleur, (cry), crier, hurler, gueuler

fond - fond, tendre, amoureux

widowhood - veuvage

"Have you given her warning for good?" he asked at last.

"Yes. Who is to prevent me?" she replied.

prevent - prévenir, empecher

replied - a répondu, répondre, réponse

Then they warmed themselves in the kitchen while their room was being made ready. Charles began to smoke. He smoked with lips protruding, spitting every moment, recoiling at every puff.

protruding - en saillie, dépasser, saillir

recoiling - recul, reculer

puff - bouffée, souffle

"You'll make yourself ill," she said scornfully.

He put down his cigar and ran to swallow a glass of cold water at the pump. Emma seizing hold of the cigar case threw it quickly to the back of the cupboard.

swallow - avaler, avalons, empiffrer, hirondelle, avalez

pump - pompe, pompons, pompez, pompent, pomper

seizing - la saisie, emparant, (seize), saisir, emparer

The next day was a long one. She walked about her little garden, up and down the same walks, stopping before the beds, before the espalier, before the plaster curate, looking with amazement at all these things of once-on-a-time that she knew so well. How far off the ball seemed already! What was it that thus set so far asunder the morning of the day before yesterday and the evening of to-day?

curate - conservateur, vicaire

amazement - l'étonnement, stupéfaction, stupeur

asunder - de l'homme, de la femme et de l'enfant

Her journey to Vaubyessard had made a hole in her life, like one of those great crevices that a storm will sometimes make in one night in mountains. Still she was resigned. She devoutly put away in her drawers her beautiful dress, down to the satin shoes whose soles were yellowed with the slippery wax of the dancing floor. Her heart was like these.

crevices - crevasses, fissure

resigned - résigné, démissionner

put away - mis de côté

slippery - glissant

In its friction against wealth something had come over it that could not be effaced.

friction - frottement, friction, désaccord

effaced - effacé, effacer, s'effacer

The memory of this ball, then, became an occupation for Emma.

occupation - profession, occupation

Whenever the Wednesday came round she said to herself as she awoke, "Ah! I was there a week"a fortnight"three weeks ago."

whenever - chaque fois que

fortnight - quinze jours, deux semaines, quinzaine

And little by little the faces grew confused in her remembrance.

confused - confus, rendre perplexe, confondre

She forgot the tune of the quadrilles; she no longer saw the liveries and appointments so distinctly; some details escaped her, but the regret remained with her.

tune - l'accord, mélodie, air, tube, accorder, syntoniser

appointments - nominations, nomination, rendez-vous, qualifierrance

distinctly - distinctement

regret - regretter, regret

Chapter Nine

Often when Charles was out she took from the cupboard, between the folds of the linen where she had left it, the green silk cigar case. She looked at it, opened it, and even smelt the odour of the lining"a mixture of verbena and tobacco. Whose was it? The Viscount's? Perhaps it was a present from his mistress.

smelt - l'éperlan, fondre, (smell), odeur, parfum, gout, odorat, sentir

verbena - la verveine, verveine

tobacco - le tabac, tabac

It had been embroidered on some rosewood frame, a pretty little thing, hidden from all eyes, that had occupied many hours, and over which had fallen the soft curls of the pensive worker.

pensive - pensif, chagrin, mélancolique

A breath of love had passed over the stitches on the canvas; each prick of the needle had fixed there a hope or a memory, and all those interwoven threads of silk were but the continuity of the same silent passion. And then one morning the Viscount had taken it away with him. Of what had they spoken when it lay upon the wide-mantelled chimneys between flower-vases and Pompadour clocks?

passed over - Passé par-dessus

stitches - points de suture, point, maille

prick - con, piquer, percer

needle - aiguille, saphir, coudre, taquiner, monter

interwoven - entrelacés, entrelacer

continuity - continuité

mantelled - mantelée

chimneys - les cheminées, cheminée

Pompadour - pompadour, banane

She was at Tostes; he was at Paris now, far away! What was this Paris like? What a vague name! She repeated it in a low voice, for the mere pleasure of it; it rang in her ears like a great cathedral bell; it shone before her eyes, even on the labels of her pomade-pots.

vague - vague

cathedral - cathédrale, coupole

labels - étiquettes, étiquette, étiqueter

At night, when the carriers passed under her windows in their carts singing the "Marjolaine," she awoke, and listened to the noise of the iron-bound wheels, which, as they gained the country road, was soon deadened by the soil. "They will be there to-morrow!" she said to herself.

carriers - des transporteurs, porteuse

Gained - gagné, gagner

country road - route de campagne

deadened - mort, endormir, assourdir, isoler

morrow - lendemain, matin

And she followed them in thought up and down the hills, traversing villages, gliding along the highroads by the light of the stars. At the end of some indefinite distance there was always a confused spot, into which her dream died.

traversing - la traversée, (traverse), franchir, traverser

spot - spot, tache, bouton, peu, endroit, zone, détecter, trouver

dream - reve, reve, songe, voeu

She bought a plan of Paris, and with the tip of her finger on the map she walked about the capital. She went up the boulevards, stopping at every turning, between the lines of the streets, in front of the white squares that represented the houses.

represented - représentée, représenter

At last she would close the lids of her weary eyes, and see in the darkness the gas jets flaring in the wind and the steps of carriages lowered with much noise before the peristyles of theatres.

lids - couvercles, couvercle

jets - jets, (de) jais

flaring - torche, fusée lumineuse, feu de Bengale

peristyles - péristyles, péristyle

She took in "La Corbeille," a lady's journal, and the "Sylphe des Salons." She devoured, without skipping a word, all the accounts of first nights, races, and soirees, took interest in the debut of a singer, in the opening of a new shop. She knew the latest fashions, the addresses of the best tailors, the days of the Bois and the Opera.

took in - pris

corbeille - corbeille

journal - journal, revue

des - DES

salons - salons, salon, salon de coiffure, salon de beauté

devoured - dévorée, dévorer

skipping - sauter, sautiller

races - les courses, course

soirees - soirées, soirée

fashions - de la mode, mode, vogue, façon, façonner

tailors - les tailleurs, tailleur, tailleuse, adapter

opera - l'opéra, opéra, (opus) l'opéra

In Eugene Sue she studied descriptions of furniture; she read Balzac and George Sand, seeking in them imaginary satisfaction for her own desires. Even at table she had her book by her, and turned over the pages while Charles ate and talked to her. The memory of the Viscount always returned as she read. Between him and the imaginary personages she made comparisons.

sue - rench: poursuivre en justice, intenter un proces a

Balzac - balzac

George - george, Georges, Jorioz

seeking - a la recherche, chercher

imaginary - imaginaire

satisfaction - satisfaction

turned over - retourné

personages - personnages, personnage

But the circle of which he was the centre gradually widened round him, and the aureole that he bore, fading from his form, broadened out beyond, lighting up her other dreams.

widened - élargi, s’élargir, élargir

aureole - l'auréole, auréole

fading - s'estomper, déteignant, (fad), mode, lubie

broadened - élargi, élargir

lighting up - qui s'allument

dreams - reves, reve, t+songe, t+voeu, t+souhait, t+vou

Paris, more vague than the ocean, glimmered before Emma's eyes in an atmosphere of vermilion. The many lives that stirred amid this tumult were, however, divided into parts, classed as distinct pictures. Emma perceived only two or three that hid from her all the rest, and in themselves represented all humanity.

Ocean - l'océan, océan

glimmered - miroité, lueur, émettre une lueur

vermilion - vermillon, vermeil

tumult - tumultes, barouf, baroufe, bagarre

divided - divisé, diviser, fendre, partager

humanity - l'humanité, humanité

The world of ambassadors moved over polished floors in drawing rooms lined with mirrors, round oval tables covered with velvet and gold-fringed cloths. There were dresses with trains, deep mysteries, anguish hidden beneath smiles.

ambassadors - ambassadeurs, ambassadeur, ambassadrice

mirrors - des miroirs, glace, miroir, copie, refléter

fringed - a franges, frange, périphérie, radicaux

cloths - vetements, tissu, étoffe, tenue

anguish - l'angoisse, angoissons, angoissez, angoisser, angoissent

smiles - sourires, sourire

Then came the society of the duchesses; all were pale; all got up at four o'clock; the women, poor angels, wore English point on their petticoats; and the men, unappreciated geniuses under a frivolous outward seeming, rode horses to death at pleasure parties, spent the summer season at Baden, and towards the forties married heiresses.

duchesses - duchesses, duchesse

petticoats - jupons, cotillon, jupon, combinaison

unappreciated - non appréciés

geniuses - des génies

frivolous - frivole

outward - externe

seeming - en apparence, paraissant, (seem), sembler, paraître, avoir l'air

heiresses - héritieres, héritiere, successeuse, successrice

In the private rooms of restaurants, where one sups after midnight by the light of wax candles, laughed the motley crowd of men of letters and actresses. They were prodigal as kings, full of ideal, ambitious, fantastic frenzy. This was an existence outside that of all others, between heaven and earth, in the midst of storms, having something of the sublime.

motley - motley, hétéroclite, bigarré

prodigal - prodigue

Kings - les rois, roi

ambitious - ambitieux

frenzy - frénésie

existence - l'existence, existence

sublime - sublime, auguste

For the rest of the world it was lost, with no particular place and as if non-existent. The nearer things were, moreover, the more her thoughts turned away from them.

particular - particulier

non - non

existent - existent, existant

All her immediate surroundings, the wearisome country, the middle-class imbeciles, the mediocrity of existence, seemed to her exceptional, a peculiar chance that had caught hold of her, while beyond stretched, as far as eye could see, an immense land of joys and passions.

imbeciles - imbéciles, imbécile

mediocrity - la médiocrité, médiocrité

exceptional - exceptionnel

She confused in her desire the sensualities of luxury with the delights of the heart, elegance of manners with delicacy of sentiment. Did not love, like Indian plants, need a special soil, a particular temperature?

sensualities - sensualités, sensualité

delights - des délices, plaisir, délice, joie, enchanter, ravir

elegance - l'élégance, élégance, grâce, finesse

manners - les bonnes manieres, maniere, façon, mode

delicacy - délicatesse, gourmandise

sentiment - sentiment

Indian - indien, amérindien, Indienne

temperature - température

Signs by moonlight, long embraces, tears flowing over yielded hands, all the fevers of the flesh and the languors of tenderness could not be separated from the balconies of great castles full of indolence, from boudoirs with silken curtains and thick carpets, well-filled flower-stands, a bed on a raised dias, nor from the flashing of precious stones and the shoulder-knots of liveries.

signs - des signes, signe

embraces - embrasse, étreindre, embrasser, accolade

yielded - cédé, céder

fevers - des fievres, fievre

be separated - etre séparés

castles - châteaux, château, château-fort, roquer

indolence - l'indolence, indolence, oisiveté

carpets - tapis, moquette, tapisser

precious - précieux

The lad from the posting house who came to groom the mare every morning passed through the passage with his heavy wooden shoes; there were holes in his blouse; his feet were bare in list slippers. And this was the groom in knee-britches with whom she had to be content!

passed through - Passé a travers

britches - pantalon

content - contenu, satisfait, contentement

His work done, he did not come back again all day, for Charles on his return put up his horse himself, unsaddled him and put on the halter, while the servant-girl brought a bundle of straw and threw it as best she could into the manger.

halter - licou, (halt) licou

manger - mangeur, mangeoire

To replace Nastasie (who left Tostes shedding torrents of tears) Emma took into her service a young girl of fourteen, an orphan with a sweet face. She forbade her wearing cotton caps, taught her to address her in the third person, to bring a glass of water on a plate, to knock before coming into a room, to iron, starch, and to dress her"wanted to make a lady's-maid of her.

replace - remplacer

shedding - la mue, (shed) la mue

torrents - torrents, torrent

orphan - orphelin, orpheline

forbade - interdit, interdire, nier, dénier

knock - coup, frapper

starch - l'amidon, amidon, rigidité, appret, empois, cati, amidonner

maid - femme de ménage, demoiselle, jeune fille, bonne

The new servant obeyed without a murmur, so as not to be sent away; and as madame usually left the key in the sideboard, Félicité every evening took a small supply of sugar that she ate alone in her bed after she had said her prayers.

sent away - renvoyé

sideboard - le buffet, buffet

Sometimes in the afternoon she went to chat with the postilions.

Madame was in her room upstairs. She wore an open dressing gown that showed between the shawl facings of her bodice a pleated chamisette with three gold buttons. Her belt was a corded girdle with great tassels, and her small garnet coloured slippers had a large knot of ribbon that fell over her instep.

facings - les façades, en face de

pleated - plissé, pli, plisser

corded - cordée, corde, cordon

girdle - gaine, corset, ceinture

tassels - des pompons, panicule

garnet - grenat

knot - noud, nodale

She had bought herself a blotting book, writing case, pen-holder, and envelopes, although she had no one to write to; she dusted her what-not, looked at herself in the glass, picked up a book, and then, dreaming between the lines, let it drop on her knees. She longed to travel or to go back to her convent. She wished at the same time to die and to live in Paris.

blotting - blotting, (blot), tache, (ink) pâté, souillure, tacher

envelopes - enveloppes, enveloppe

dusted - dépoussiéré, poussiere, épousseter, pulvériser

drop - chute, goutte, tomber

Charles in snow and rain trotted across country.

trotted - trotté, trotter

He ate omelettes on farmhouse tables, poked his arm into damp beds, received the tepid spurt of blood-lettings in his face, listened to death-rattles, examined basins, turned over a good deal of dirty linen; but every evening he found a blazing fire, his dinner ready, easy-chairs, and a well-dressed woman, charming with an odour of freshness, though no one could say whence the perfume came, or if it were not her skin that made odorous her chemise.

omelettes - omelettes, omelette

poked - poké, enfoncer (dans)

tepid - tiede, tiede, tiédasse, mou, indifférent

spurt - de l'eau, jaillir

rattles - des cliquetis, (faire) cliqueter

examined - examinés, examiner

basins - bassins, cuvette, bassine, lavabo, bassin

odorous - odorant

chemise - chemise de nuit, nuisette

She charmed him by numerous attentions; now it was some new way of arranging paper sconces for the candles, a flounce that she altered on her gown, or an extraordinary name for some very simple dish that the servant had spoilt, but that Charles swallowed with pleasure to the last mouthful. At Rouen she saw some ladies who wore a bunch of charms on the watch-chains; she bought some charms.

charmed - charmé, charme

numerous - nombreux

arranging - l'organisation, arranger, organiser

flounce - flonflons, volant

altered - modifié, transformer, changer, altérer

mouthful - bouchée

bunch - bunch, groupe, bouquet, botte, grappe, bande, peloton, tas

charms - des breloques, charme

She wanted for her mantelpiece two large blue glass vases, and some time after an ivory necessaire with a silver-gilt thimble. The less Charles understood these refinements the more they seduced him. They added something to the pleasure of the senses and to the comfort of his fireside. It was like a golden dust sanding all along the narrow path of his life.

thimble - dé a coudre, dé, dé a coudre

seduced - séduit, séduire

comfort - le confort, confort, consoler

sanding - ponçage, (sand) ponçage

He was well, looked well; his reputation was firmly established.

reputation - réputation, renommée (more slang)

The country-folk loved him because he was not proud. He petted the children, never went to the public house, and, moreover, his morals inspired confidence. He was specially successful with catarrhs and chest complaints. Being much afraid of killing his patients, Charles, in fact only prescribed sedatives, from time to time and emetic, a footbath, or leeches.

petted - caressé, animal familier, apprivoisé

morals - morale, moral, moralité

inspired - inspirée, inspirer

confidence - assurance, confiance en soi, confiance, confidence

specially - particulierement, spécialement

successful - réussie, ayant du succes, marqué de succes, couronné de succes

catarrhs - catarrhes, catarrhe

complaints - plaintes, plainte, réclamation, porter plainte

killing - tuer, meurtre, (kill) tuer

prescribed - prescrite, prescrire, indiquer, ordonner

sedatives - des sédatifs, sédatif

emetic - émétique, vomitif

footbath - bain de pieds

Leeches - des sangsues, sangsue

It was not that he was afraid of surgery; he bled people copiously like horses, and for the taking out of teeth he had the "devil's own wrist."

bled - bled, saigner, purger, prélever, fond perdu

taking out - a retirer

wrist - poignet

Finally, to keep up with the times, he took in "La Ruche Medicale," a new journal whose prospectus had been sent him. He read it a little after dinner, but in about five minutes the warmth of the room added to the effect of his dinner sent him to sleep; and he sat there, his chin on his two hands and his hair spreading like a mane to the foot of the lamp.

prospectus - prospectus

effect - effet, effets, effectuer

Emma looked at him and shrugged her shoulders. Why, at least, was not her husband one of those men of taciturn passions who work at their books all night, and at last, when about sixty, the age of rheumatism sets in, wear a string of orders on their ill-fitting black coat?

shrugged - haussé les épaules, haussement d'épaules, hausser les épaules

taciturn - taciturne

rheumatism - les rhumatismes, rhumatisme

sets - des ensembles, Seth

fitting - l'appareillage, approprié, conforme, convenable, coupleur

She could have wished this name of Bovary, which was hers, had been illustrious, to see it displayed at the booksellers', repeated in the newspapers, known to all France. But Charles had no ambition.

booksellers - les libraires, libraire

Ambition - l'ambition, ambition, ambition (1-5)

An Yvetot doctor whom he had lately met in consultation had somewhat humiliated him at the very bedside of the patient, before the assembled relatives. When, in the evening, Charles told her this anecdote, Emma inveighed loudly against his colleague. Charles was much touched. He kissed her forehead with a tear in his eyes.

lately - dernierement

consultation - consultation

humiliated - humilié, humilier

bedside - au chevet du malade

assembled - assemblés, assembler, rassembler

anecdote - anecdote

loudly - bruyamment, fort, a voix haute, a haute voix

colleague - collegue, collegue, confrere, consour, confresour

But she was angered with shame; she felt a wild desire to strike him; she went to open the window in the passage and breathed in the fresh air to calm herself.

angered - en colere, colere, ire, courroux, rage, fureur

shame - la honte, honte, vergogne

wild - sauvage, pétulant, grose

strike - greve, biffer, rayer, barrer, frapper, battre, faire greve

breathed - respiré, respiration, souffle, haleine

"What a man! What a man!" she said in a low voice, biting her lips.

Besides, she was becoming more irritated with him. As he grew older his manner grew heavier; at dessert he cut the corks of the empty bottles; after eating he cleaned his teeth with his tongue; in taking soup he made a gurgling noise with every spoonful; and, as he was getting fatter, the puffed-out cheeks seemed to push the eyes, always small, up to the temples.

more irritated - plus irrité

heavier - plus lourd, lourd

gurgling - gargouillis, (gurgle), gargouiller

spoonful - cuillerée

puffed - soufflé, souffle, bouffée

Sometimes Emma tucked the red borders of his under-vest unto his waistcoat, rearranged his cravat, and threw away the dirty gloves he was going to put on; and this was not, as he fancied, for himself; it was for herself, by a diffusion of egotism, of nervous irritation.

unto - unto

rearranged - réarrangé, réorganiser, réarranger

threw away - Jeter

fancied - aimée, envie, caprice

diffusion - diffusion

nervous - nerveux

irritation - l'irritation, irritation

Sometimes, too, she told him of what she had read, such as a passage in a novel, of a new play, or an anecdote of the "upper ten" that she had seen in a feuilleton; for, after all, Charles was something, an ever-open ear, and ever-ready approbation. She confided many a thing to her greyhound. She would have done so to the logs in the fireplace or to the pendulum of the clock.

approbation - approbation

confided - confiée, faire confiance, confier

many a - Beaucoup de

logs in - Se connecter

pendulum - pendule

At the bottom of her heart, however, she was waiting for something to happen. Like shipwrecked sailors, she turned despairing eyes upon the solitude of her life, seeking afar off some white sail in the mists of the horizon.

shipwrecked - naufragés, épave, naufrage, naufrager

Sailors - marins, matelot, matelote, femme matelot, femme-matelot, marin

despairing - désespéré, désespérer, désespoir

afar - loin, afar

mists - brumes, brume

She did not know what this chance would be, what wind would bring it her, towards what shore it would drive her, if it would be a shallop or a three-decker, laden with anguish or full of bliss to the portholes.

shore - rivage, riverain, parages, bord, rive, borde

decker - decker

laden - laden, chargé, chargée, (lade) laden

bliss - bonheur, béatitude, félicité

portholes - hublots, hublot

But each morning, as she awoke, she hoped it would come that day; she listened to every sound, sprang up with a start, wondered that it did not come; then at sunset, always more saddened, she longed for the morrow.

sprang up - a surgi

longed for - désiré

Spring came round. With the first warm weather, when the pear trees began to blossom, she suffered from dyspnoea.

dyspnoea - dyspnée

From the beginning of July she counted how many weeks there were to October, thinking that perhaps the Marquis d'Andervilliers would give another ball at Vaubyessard. But all September passed without letters or visits.

After the ennui of this disappointment her heart once more remained empty, and then the same series of days recommenced. So now they would thus follow one another, always the same, immovable, and bringing nothing. Other lives, however flat, had at least the chance of some event. One adventure sometimes brought with it infinite consequences and the scene changed.

disappointment - déception

series - suite, série

recommenced - repris, recommencer

immovable - inamovible, immeuble

adventure - l'aventure, aventure

infinite - infini, un nombre infini de

consequences - conséquences, conséquence

scene - scene, scene, scene de ménage

But nothing happened to her; God had willed it so! The future was a dark corridor, with its door at the end shut fast.

She gave up music. What was the good of playing? Who would hear her? Since she could never, in a velvet gown with short sleeves, striking with her light fingers the ivory keys of an Erard at a concert, feel the murmur of ecstasy envelop her like a breeze, it was not worth while boring herself with practicing. Her drawing cardboard and her embroidery she left in the cupboard. What was the good?

striking - frappant, éclatant, (strike), biffer, rayer, barrer, frapper

ecstasy - l'ecstasy, extase, ecstasy, exta

envelop - enveloppe, envelopper

breeze - brise

embroidery - la broderie, broderie

What was the good? Sewing irritated her. "I have read everything," she said to herself. And she sat there making the tongs red-hot, or looked at the rain falling.

irritated - irritée, agacer (displeasure)

How sad she was on Sundays when vespers sounded! She listened with dull attention to each stroke of the cracked bell. A cat slowly walking over some roof put up his back in the pale rays of the sun. The wind on the highroad blew up clouds of dust. Afar off a dog sometimes howled; and the bell, keeping time, continued its monotonous ringing that died away over the fields.

dull - émoussé, ennuyeux, barbant, mat, terne, sot, obtus

stroke - accident vasculaire cérébral, caresser

cracked - fissuré, (se) feler

roof - toit

the pale - la pâleur

blew up - a explosé

howled - hurlé, hurlement, hurler

monotonous - monotone

But the people came out from church. The women in waxed clogs, the peasants in new blouses, the little bare-headed children skipping along in front of them, all were going home. And till nightfall, five or six men, always the same, stayed playing at corks in front of the large door of the inn.

waxed - ciré, cire

clogs - sabots, sabot, bouchon, boucher

nightfall - a la tombée de la nuit, tombée de la nuit

The winter was severe. The windows every morning were covered with rime, and the light shining through them, dim as through ground-glass, sometimes did not change the whole day long. At four o'clock the lamp had to be lighted.

severe - sévere, grave, sévere

rime - rime

shining through - qui brille a travers

On fine days she went down into the garden. The dew had left on the cabbages a silver lace with long transparent threads spreading from one to the other. No birds were to be heard; everything seemed asleep, the espalier covered with straw, and the vine, like a great sick serpent under the coping of the wall, along which, on drawing near, one saw the many-footed woodlice crawling.

cabbages - choux, chou

serpent - serpent

coping - l'adaptation, arete, (cop) l'adaptation

woodlice - cloportes

Under the spruce by the hedgerow, the curé in the three-cornered hat reading his breviary had lost his right foot, and the very plaster, scaling off with the frost, had left white scabs on his face.

hedgerow - rangée de haie

cornered - coincé, coin, rencogner, piéger, acculer

scaling - escaladant, (scale) escaladant

frost - givre, gel

scabs - des croutes, croute, s'encrouter

Then she went up again, shut her door, put on coals, and fainting with the heat of the hearth, felt her boredom weigh more heavily than ever. She would have liked to go down and talk to the servant, but a sense of shame restrained her.

coals - charbons, charbon, houille, tisons-p, fr

heat - chaleur, ardeur, chauffer

weigh - peser, lever l’ancre

heavily - lourdement

restrained - retenue, (se) contenir/retenir

Every day at the same time the schoolmaster in a black skullcap opened the shutters of his house, and the rural policeman, wearing his sabre over his blouse, passed by. Night and morning the post-horses, three by three, crossed the street to water at the pond.

skullcap - kippa, calotte, scutellaire

rural - rural

sabre - sabre

From time to time the bell of a public house door rang, and when it was windy one could hear the little brass basins that served as signs for the hairdresser's shop creaking on their two rods. This shop had as decoration an old engraving of a fashion-plate stuck against a windowpane and the wax bust of a woman with yellow hair.

windy - éventé

creaking - grincement, craquement, craquer

bust - buste

He, too, the hairdresser, lamented his wasted calling, his hopeless future, and dreaming of some shop in a big town"at Rouen, for example, overlooking the harbour, near the theatre"he walked up and down all day from the mairie to the church, sombre and waiting for customers.

lamented - s'est lamentée, lamentation, complainte, se lamenter, plaindre

wasted - gaspillé, gaspiller

hopeless - sans espoir, désespéré

harbour - port

When Madame Bovary looked up, she always saw him there, like a sentinel on duty, with his skullcap over his ears and his vest of lasting.

sentinel - factionnaire, sentinelle, regarder

on duty - en service

lasting - durable, permanent, permanente, (last) durable

Sometimes in the afternoon outside the window of her room, the head of a man appeared, a swarthy head with black whiskers, smiling slowly, with a broad, gentle smile that showed his white teeth.

swarthy - basané

A waltz immediately began and on the organ, in a little drawing room, dancers the size of a finger, women in pink turbans, Tyrolians in jackets, monkeys in frock coats, gentlemen in knee-breeches, turned and turned between the sofas, the consoles, multiplied in the bits of looking glass held together at their corners by a piece of gold paper.

organ - organe, orgue

monkeys - des singes, singe, guenon

consoles - consoles, consoler

multiplied - multipliée, multiplier

held together - Tenir ensemble

The man turned his handle, looking to the right and left, and up at the windows. Now and again, while he shot out a long squirt of brown saliva against the milestone, with his knee raised his instrument, whose hard straps tired his shoulder; and now, doleful and drawling, or gay and hurried, the music escaped from the box, droning through a curtain of pink taffeta under a brass claw in arabesque.

shot - tir, tirai, tiré, tirâmes, tirerent, tira

saliva - salive

milestone - étape, borne, borne kilométrique, jalon

hurried - pressé, précipitation, hâte, dépecher

droning - bourdonnement, faux-bourdon

taffeta - taffetas

claw - griffe

arabesque - arabesque

They were airs played in other places at the theatres, sung in drawing rooms, danced to at night under lighted lustres, echoes of the world that reached even to Emma. Endless sarabands ran through her head, and, like an Indian dancing girl on the flowers of a carpet, her thoughts leapt with the notes, swung from dream to dream, from sadness to sadness.

lustres - lustres, lustre, éclat

Echoes - les échos, écho

carpet - tapis, moquette, tapisser

leapt - a fait un bond

swung - balancé, osciller, se balancer, balancer, swinguer

When the man had caught some coppers in his cap, he drew down an old cover of blue cloth, hitched his organ on to his back, and went off with a heavy tread. She watched him going.

coppers - les cuivres, cuivre

cover - une couverture

hitched - marié(e), noud d'accroche, dispositif d'attelage, accroc, hic

tread - la bande de roulement, piétiner, escabeau

But it was above all the meal-times that were unbearable to her, in this small room on the ground floor, with its smoking stove, its creaking door, the walls that sweated, the damp flags; all the bitterness in life seemed served up on her plate, and with smoke of the boiled beef there rose from her secret soul whiffs of sickliness.

unbearable - insupportable

small room - petite piece

sweated - transpiré, sueur

bitterness - l'amertume, amertume

secret - secret

whiffs - whiffs, souffle, bouffée, effluve

sickliness - la maladresse

Charles was a slow eater; she played with a few nuts, or, leaning on her elbow, amused herself with drawing lines along the oilcloth table cover with the point of her knife.

eater - mangeur

nuts - des noix, noix(literally walnut noix but often used generically)

oilcloth - toile cirée

cover - couvercle, couverture, couvert, couvrir, reprendre, parcourir

knife - couteau, frapper d'un coup de couteau

She now let everything in her household take care of itself, and Madame Bovary senior, when she came to spend part of Lent at Tostes, was much surprised at the change. She who was formerly so careful, so dainty, now passed whole days without dressing, wore grey cotton stockings, and burnt tallow candles.

careful - prudent, soigneux, attentif

dainty - délicate, délicat, mignon

burnt - brulé, brulé, (burn) brulé

tallow candles - des bougies de suif

She kept saying they must be economical since they were not rich, adding that she was very contented, very happy, that Tostes pleased her very much, with other speeches that closed the mouth of her mother-in-law.

contented - satisfait

speeches - discours, parole

Besides, Emma no longer seemed inclined to follow her advice; once even, Madame Bovary having thought fit to maintain that mistresses ought to keep an eye on the religion of their servants, she had answered with so angry a look and so cold a smile that the good woman did not interfere again.

fit - s'adapter, adapter

maintain - entretenir, maintenir

mistresses - maîtresses, maîtresse, amante

interfere - meler

Emma was growing difficult, capricious. She ordered dishes for herself, then she did not touch them; one day drank only pure milk, the next cups of tea by the dozen. Often she persisted in not going out, then, stifling, threw open the windows and put on light dresses.

capricious - capricieux

by the dozen - a la douzaine

persisted - persisté, persister

stifling - étouffant, (stifle)

After she had well scolded her servant she gave her presents or sent her out to see neighbours, just as she sometimes threw beggars all the silver in her purse, although she was by no means tender-hearted or easily accessible to the feelings of others, like most country-bred people, who always retain in their souls something of the horny hardness of the paternal hands.

scolded - grondé, chipie, furie, mégere, gronder, réprimander, tancer

beggars - mendiants, gueux, mendiant, mendiante, queteux

hearted - cour

accessible - accessible

feelings - sentiments

bred - élevé, (breed), se reproduire, engendrer, élever, race

retain - retenir, conserver, maintenir

souls - âmes, âme

horny - corné, cornu, excité, chaud

hardness - dureté

paternal - paternel

Towards the end of February old Rouault, in memory of his cure, himself brought his son-in-law a superb turkey, and stayed three days at Tostes. Charles being with his patients, Emma kept him company.

He smoked in the room, spat on the firedogs, talked farming, calves, cows, poultry, and municipal council, so that when he left she closed the door on him with a feeling of satisfaction that surprised even herself.

spat - spatule

calves - veaux, veler, mettre bas, aider le velage

municipal council - le conseil municipal

Moreover she no longer concealed her contempt for anything or anybody, and at times she set herself to express singular opinions, finding fault with that which others approved, and approving things perverse and immoral, all of which made her husband open his eyes widely.

contempt - le mépris, mépris, outrage

Anybody - quelqu'un, n’importe qui (1), checkn’importe qui (2

express - express, exprimons, exprimez, exprimer, expriment

singular - singulier

fault - défaut, faute, faille

approving - approuver

perverse - pervers

immoral - immoral

widely - largement, généralement, fréquemment, communément

Would this misery last for ever? Would she never issue from it? Yet she was as good as all the women who were living happily. She had seen duchesses at Vaubyessard with clumsier waists and commoner ways, and she execrated the injustice of God.

misery - la misere, misere

for ever - pour toujours

issue from - question de

Happily - heureux, heureusement, par bonheur, joyeusement, gaiement

clumsier - plus maladroit, empoté, gauche, lourd, maladroit

waists - taille, ceinture

execrated - exécuté, exécrer

She leant her head against the walls to weep; she envied lives of stir; longed for masked balls, for violent pleasures, with all the wildness that she did not know, but that these must surely yield.

leant - leant, pencher

weep - pleurer, pleurez, pleurons, pleurent

envied - envié, envie, jalousie, convoitise, envier

stir - remuer, affecter

masked - masqué, masque

wildness - la sauvagerie, sauvagerie

yield - le rendement, rends, produit, rendement, rendons, rendent

She grew pale and suffered from palpitations of the heart.

palpitations - des palpitations, palpitation

Charles prescribed valerian and camphor baths. Everything that was tried only seemed to irritate her the more.

valerian - la valériane, valériane

camphor - camphre

irritate - irriter, agacer (displeasure)

On certain days she chatted with feverish rapidity, and this over-excitement was suddenly followed by a state of torpor, in which she remained without speaking, without moving. What then revived her was pouring a bottle of eau-de-cologne over her arms.

chatted - chatté, bavarder

feverish - fébrile, fiévreux

rapidity - rapidité, célérité

pouring - versant, (pour) versant

Cologne - Cologne

As she was constantly complaining about Tostes, Charles fancied that her illness was no doubt due to some local cause, and fixing on this idea, began to think seriously of setting up elsewhere.

complaining - se plaindre, (complain), porter plainte

illness - maladie

cause - cause, raison, causer

fixing - la fixation, fortification, fixant, (fix), réparer, fixer

seriously - sérieusement, gravement, sérieux

From that moment she drank vinegar, contracted a sharp little cough, and completely lost her appetite.

contracted - sous contrat, contracter

cough - tousser, toux

appetite - l'appétit, appétit

It cost Charles much to give up Tostes after living there four years and "when he was beginning to get on there." Yet if it must be! He took her to Rouen to see his old master. It was a nervous complaint: change of air was needed.

change of air - un changement d'air

After looking about him on this side and on that, Charles learnt that in the Neufchâtel arrondissement there was a considerable market town called Yonville-l'Abbaye, whose doctor, a Polish refugee, had decamped a week before.

considerable - considérable

polish - polish, polonais

refugee - réfugié, réfugiée

decamped - décampé, rench: -neededr

Then he wrote to the chemist of the place to ask the number of the population, the distance from the nearest doctor, what his predecessor had made a year, and so forth; and the answer being satisfactory, he made up his mind to move towards the spring, if Emma's health did not improve.

chemist - chimiste

population - population

predecessor - prédécesseur, prédécesseuse, prédécessrice, précédent

One day when, in view of her departure, she was tidying a drawer, something pricked her finger. It was a wire of her wedding bouquet. The orange blossoms were yellow with dust and the silver bordered satin ribbons frayed at the edges. She threw it into the fire. It flared up more quickly than dry straw. Then it was, like a red bush in the cinders, slowly devoured. She watched it burn.

view - vue, vision, regard, point de vue, opinion, regarder

departure - départ, déviation

tidying - le rangement, ordonné

drawer - tiroir, souscripteur

wire - fil de fer, fil

frayed - effiloché, (s')effilocher

edges - des bords, bord, côté, arete, carre

flared up - Eclater

bush - buisson, arbuste, brousse

burn - bruler, s'allumer, brulons, brulez, bruler, cuite, griller

The little pasteboard berries burst, the wire twisted, the gold lace melted; and the shriveled paper corollas, fluttering like black butterflies at the back of the stove, at lest flew up the chimney.

berries - baies, baie

burst - l'éclatement, éclater, faire éclater, rompre, briser

shriveled - ratatiné, se flétrir, se rider

corollas - corollas, corolle

When they left Tostes at the month of March, Madame Bovary was pregnant.

pregnant - enceinte, pleine

Part II

Chapter One

Yonville-l'Abbaye (so called from an old Capuchin abbey of which not even the ruins remain) is a market-town twenty-four miles from Rouen, between the Abbeville and Beauvais roads, at the foot of a valley watered by the Rieule, a little river that runs into the Andelle after turning three water-mills near its mouth, where there are a few trout that the lads amuse themselves by fishing for on Sundays.

Capuchin - capucin

Abbey - l'abbaye, abbaye

remain - reste, rester, demeurer

Valley - la vallée, vallée, val

mills - moulins, moulin

trout - truite

We leave the highroad at La Boissiere and keep straight on to the top of the Leux hill, whence the valley is seen. The river that runs through it makes of it, as it were, two regions with distinct physiognomies"all on the left is pasture land, all of the right arable.

keep straight on - continuer tout droit

Hill - hill, colline, côte

regions - régions, région

physiognomies - physionomies, physiognomonie

pasture - pâture, pâturage, pré, prairie

arable - arables, arable, cultivable

The meadow stretches under a bulge of low hills to join at the back with the pasture land of the Bray country, while on the eastern side, the plain, gently rising, broadens out, showing as far as eye can follow its blond cornfields.

meadow - prairie, pré

stretches - étirements, étendre, s'étendre, s'étirer, étirement

bulge - gonflement, bombement, bosse, protubérance, bomber, déformer

bray - bray, braiement

eastern - orientale, oriental

plain - simple, unie, net, plaine

broadens - s'élargit, élargir

blond - blond, blonde

cornfields - les champs de mais, champ de blé

The water, flowing by the grass, divides with a white line the colour of the roads and of the plains, and the country is like a great unfolded mantle with a green velvet cape bordered with a fringe of silver.

divides - divise, diviser, fendre, partager

plains - plaines, simple

unfolded - déployé, déplier, dérouler, fr

mantle - manteau, les renes, manchon

Cape - le cap, cap

fringe - marginale, frange, périphérie, radicaux

Before us, on the verge of the horizon, lie the oaks of the forest of Argueil, with the steeps of the Saint-Jean hills scarred from top to bottom with red irregular lines; they are rain tracks, and these brick-tones standing out in narrow streaks against the grey colour of the mountain are due to the quantity of iron springs that flow beyond in the neighboring country.

verge - verge, bord

lie - mentir, mensonge, mentez, gésir, gis, mentons

oaks - chenes, chene, chenes-p

steeps - steeps, escarpé, raide

scarred - cicatrisé, cicatrice

tracks - pistes, trace, marque, sillon, empreinte, sentier

tones - tons, ton

streaks - des stries, raie, chésias du genet

quantity - quantité

of iron - de fer

flow - flux, coulons, couler, coulez, courant, écoulement

neighboring - voisins, voisin/-ine

Here we are on the confines of Normandy, Picardy, and the Ile-de-France, a bastard land whose language is without accent and its landscape is without character. It is there that they make the worst Neufchâtel cheeses of all the arrondissement; and, on the other hand, farming is costly because so much manure is needed to enrich this friable soil full of sand and flints.

confines - les limites de l'espace, confiner, limite

Normandy - la normandie, Normandie

bastard - bâtard, bâtarde, croisé, fils de pute, salopard

landscape - paysage

character - caractere, personnage, caractere

costly - couteux, couteux, lourd

enrich - enrichir

friable - friable, cassant, lâche, désagrégable

of sand - de sable

flints - silex, pierre a fusil, pierre a briquet

Up to 1835 there was no practicable road for getting to Yonville, but about this time a cross-road was made which joins that of Abbeville to that of Amiens, and is occasionally used by the Rouen wagoners on their way to Flanders. Yonville-l'Abbaye has remained stationary in spite of its "new outlet.

practicable - praticable

Flanders - la flandre, Flandre

stationary - stationnaire

spite - dépit, rancune

outlet - sortie, conduit, exutoire, issue, dérivatif, magasin d’usine

" Instead of improving the soil, they persist in keeping up the pasture lands, however depreciated they may be in value, and the lazy borough, growing away from the plain, has naturally spread riverwards. It is seem from afar sprawling along the banks like a cowherd taking a siesta by the water-side.

persist - persister

pasture lands - des pâturages

depreciated - amortis, déprécier

value - valeur, évaluer, valoriser

lazy - paresseux, fainéant

borough - arrondissement

sprawling - tentaculaire, s'affaler, s'étaler, s'étendre, étalement, fr

cowherd - vacher, vachere, bouvier, bouviere

siesta - sieste

At the foot of the hill beyond the bridge begins a roadway, planted with young aspens, that leads in a straight line to the first houses in the place. These, fenced in by hedges, are in the middle of courtyards full of straggling buildings, wine-presses, cart-sheds and distilleries scattered under thick trees, with ladders, poles, or scythes hung on to the branches.

roadway - la chaussée, chaussée

leads - des pistes, conduire, mener

fenced in - clôturé

courtyards - des cours, cour

straggling - en retard, (straggle) en retard

sheds - hangars, remise

distilleries - les distilleries, distillerie

ladders - des échelles, échelle

scythes - les faux, faux, faucher

The thatched roofs, like fur caps drawn over eyes, reach down over about a third of the low windows, whose coarse convex glasses have knots in the middle like the bottoms of bottles.

thatched - au toit de chaume, chaume

fur - fourrure, peau

convex - convexe

bottoms - le bas, fond, bas, dessous, arriere-train, cul, derriere

Against the plaster wall diagonally crossed by black joists, a meagre pear-tree sometimes leans and the ground-floors have at their door a small swing-gate to Keep out the chicks that come pilfering crumbs of bread steeped in cider on the threshold.

diagonally - en diagonale

joists - les solives, solive

leans - s'appuie, pencher

Keep out - écarter

chicks - poussins, oisillon

crumbs - des miettes, (crumb), miette, mie, paner

steeped - trempé, escarpé, raide

But the courtyards grow narrower, the houses closer together, and the fences disappear; a bundle of ferns swings under a window from the end of a broomstick; there is a blacksmith's forge and then a wheelwright's, with two or three new carts outside that partly block the way.

narrower - plus étroite, étroit

fences - clôtures, clôture, cloison, recéleur, recéleuse, receleur

disappear - disparaître

ferns - des fougeres, fougere

swings - les balançoires, osciller, se balancer, balancer, swinguer

broomstick - manche a balai, manche a balai

blacksmith - forgeron, forgeronne, sidérurgiste, maréchal-ferrant

forge - forge, forgez, forgent, forgeons, modelage, forger

wheelwright - charron

block - bloc, bloquer, bloquent, bloquons, obstruer, buche

Then across an open space appears a white house beyond a grass mound ornamented by a Cupid, his finger on his lips; two brass vases are at each end of a flight of steps; scutcheons[9] blaze upon the door. It is the notary's house, and the finest in the place.

Appears - apparaît, apparaître, paraître, sembler

mound - butte, monticule, tertre, butter

ornamented - orné, ornement, ornement musical

blaze - flamme, feu, embrasement

[9] The panonceaux that have to be hung over the doors of notaries.

be hung over - avoir la gueule de bois

notaries - les notaires, notaire, notairesse

The Church is on the other side of the street, twenty paces farther down, at the entrance of the square. The little cemetery that surrounds it, closed in by a wall breast high, is so full of graves that the old stones, level with the ground, form a continuous pavement, on which the grass of itself has marked out regular green squares.

entrance - entrée, cochere

surrounds - les environs, entourer, enceindre

graves - tombes, tombe

level - plat, a ras, au meme niveau, constant, niveau, profondeur

continuous - continue

The church was rebuilt during the last years of the reign of Charles X. The wooden roof is beginning to rot from the top, and here and there has black hollows in its blue colour. Over the door, where the organ should be, is a loft for the men, with a spiral staircase that reverberates under their wooden shoes.

rebuilt - reconstruit, reconstruire

reign - regne, regne, régner

rot - pourriture, pourrir

hollows - creux

loft - loft, grenier

spiral - spirale, hélice, spiraler

reverberates - se répercute, réverbérer, résonner

The daylight coming through the plain glass windows falls obliquely upon the pews ranged along the walls, which are adorned here and there with a straw mat bearing beneath it the words in large letters, "Mr. So-and-so's pew.

plain glass - du verre ordinaire

pews - bancs, banc (d'église)

ranged - rangé, chaîne (de montagnes), cuisiniere, sélection, gamme

mat - mat, mate

Mr - monsieur

" Farther on, at a spot where the building narrows, the confessional forms a pendant to a statuette of the Virgin, clothed in a satin robe, coifed with a tulle veil sprinkled with silver stars, and with red cheeks, like an idol of the Sandwich Islands; and, finally, a copy of the "Holy Family, presented by the Minister of the Interior," overlooking the high altar, between four candlesticks, closes in the perspective. The choir stalls, of deal wood, have been left unpainted.

narrows - se rétrécit, étroit

Confessional - confessionnel

pendant - pendentif

statuette - statuette

clothed - habillé, tissu, étoffe, tenue

robe - robe de chambre, robe

coifed - Coiffé

tulle - tulle

veil - voile, voiler

sprinkled - saupoudré, saupoudrer, asperger

idol - idole

copy - copie, exemplaire, copier, imiter, recevoir

holy - saint, sacré, bénit, checksainte

minister - ministre, ministériel

interior - intérieur

perspective - perspective, perspectif

choir - chour, chorale, classe

stalls - des décrochages, stalle

The market, that is to say, a tiled roof supported by some twenty posts, occupies of itself about half the public square of Yonville. The town hall, constructed "from the designs of a Paris architect," is a sort of Greek temple that forms the corner next to the chemist's shop.

tiled roof - toit en tuiles

supported - soutenue, (sup)porter, soutenir

occupies - occupe, occuper, habiter

hall - couloir, corridor, salle, salon, manoir, foyer

constructed - construit, construction, construire

Architect - architecte, architecturer

On the ground-floor are three Ionic columns and on the first floor a semicircular gallery, while the dome that crowns it is occupied by a Gallic cock, resting one foot upon the "Charte" and holding in the other the scales of Justice.

Ionic - ionique

semicircular - semi-circulaire

dome - dôme

Gallic - gaulois

scales - des échelles, graduation

justice - justice, équité, conseiller

But that which most attracts the eye is opposite the Lion d'Or inn, the chemist's shop of Monsieur Homais. In the evening especially its argand lamp is lit up and the red and green jars that embellish his shop-front throw far across the street their two streams of colour; then across them as if in Bengal lights is seen the shadow of the chemist leaning over his desk.

attracts - attire, attirer

jars - bocaux, pot

embellish - embellir

streams - flux, ruisseau, ru, rupt, filet, flot, courant, torrent

Bengal - Bengale

His house from top to bottom is placarded with inscriptions written in large hand, round hand, printed hand: "Vichy, Seltzer, Barege waters, blood purifiers, Raspail patent medicine, Arabian racahout, Darcet lozenges, Regnault paste, trusses, baths, hygienic chocolate," etc. And the signboard, which takes up all the breadth of the shop, bears in gold letters, "Homais, Chemist.

placarded - placardé, affiche, pancarte

inscriptions - inscriptions, inscription, légende, dédicace

Vichy - Vichy

seltzer - eau gazeuse

patent - brevet

paste - pâte, strass, stras, coller

trusses - les fermes, bandage herniaire, treillis, structure triangulée

hygienic - hygiénique

etc - etc

signboard - panneau de signalisation, enseigne, panneau

takes up - prend

bears - ours, supporter

" Then at the back of the shop, behind the great scales fixed to the counter, the word "Laboratory" appears on a scroll above a glass door, which about half-way up once more repeats "Homais" in gold letters on a black ground.

counter - compteur, numérateur, jeton

laboratory - laboratoire

scroll - rouleau, volute, coquille, faire défiler, scroller

Beyond this there is nothing to see at Yonville. The street (the only one) a gunshot in length and flanked by a few shops on either side stops short at the turn of the highroad. If it is left on the right hand and the foot of the Saint-Jean hills followed the cemetery is soon reached.

gunshot - coup de feu

either - chaque, non plus, ou, soit

At the time of the cholera, in order to enlarge this, a piece of wall was pulled down, and three acres of land by its side purchased; but all the new portion is almost tenantless; the tombs, as heretofore, continue to crowd together towards the gate.

cholera - le choléra, choléra

enlarge - agrandir, élargir, accroître

pulled down - tiré vers le bas

purchased - achetée, achat, acquisition, acheter

tenantless - sans tensioactivité

tombs - tombes, tombe, tombeau

heretofore - jusqu'a présent

continue - continuer

crowd together - se rassembler

The keeper, who is at once gravedigger and church beadle (thus making a double profit out of the parish corpses), has taken advantage of the unused plot of ground to plant potatoes there. From year to year, however, his small field grows smaller, and when there is an epidemic, he does not know whether to rejoice at the deaths or regret the burials.

keeper - gardien, gardienne, perle, conservateur, conservatrice

gravedigger - fossoyeur, nécrophore

parish - paroisse

corpses - des cadavres, cadavre, corps, corps sans vie

unused - inutilisé

plot - intrigue, lopin, diagramme, graphique, complot, comploter

epidemic - épidémie, épidémique

rejoice - se réjouir, réjouir

deaths - déces, mort, déces, camarde, la mort, l'arcane sans nom

burials - sépultures, enterrement, inhumation, sépulture, ensevelissement

"You live on the dead, Lestiboudois!" the curé at last said to him one day. This grim remark made him reflect; it checked him for some time; but to this day he carries on the cultivation of his little tubers, and even maintains stoutly that they grow naturally.

grim - sinistre

remark - remarque, remarquent, remarquez, remarquons

reflect - refléter, réfléchir, se refléter, suivre

carries on - continue

cultivation - la culture, culture

tubers - tubercules, tubercule, protubérance

stoutly - avec acharnement

Since the events about to be narrated, nothing in fact has changed at Yonville.

Narrated - raconté, raconter, conter, narrer, rapporter, relater

The tin tricolour flag still swings at the top of the church-steeple; the two chintz streamers still flutter in the wind from the linen-draper's; the chemist's fetuses, like lumps of white amadou, rot more and more in their turbid alcohol, and above the big door of the inn the old golden lion, faded by rain, still shows passers-by its poodle mane.

tin - l'étain, étain, conserve, boîte de conserve, moule, gamelle

tricolour - tricolore, trichromate

flag - drapeau, étendard, fanion, pavillon

steeple - steeple, clocher

chintz - chintz

flutter - flottement, faséyer, voleter, voltiger, battement

fetuses - fotus, fotus, fétus

lumps - des grumeaux, masse, tas, protubérance, renflement, bosse

amadou - amadou

turbid - turbide, trouble

alcohol - l'alcool, alcool, boisson alcoolisée, boisson alcoolique

faded - fanée, mode, lubie

Poodle - caniche

On the evening when the Bovarys were to arrive at Yonville, Widow Lefrancois, the landlady of this inn, was so very busy that she sweated great drops as she moved her saucepans. To-morrow was market-day. The meat had to be cut beforehand, the fowls drawn, the soup and coffee made.

landlady - propriétaire

saucepans - casseroles, casserole

Moreover, she had the boarders'meal to see to, and that of the doctor, his wife, and their servant; the billiard-room was echoing with bursts of laughter; three millers in a small parlour were calling for brandy; the wood was blazing, the brazen pan was hissing, and on the long kitchen table, amid the quarters of raw mutton, rose piles of plates that rattled with the shaking of the block on which spinach was being chopped.

boarders - pensionnaires, pensionnaire, interne

echoing - l'écho, écho

millers - meuniers, Meunier, Dumoulin, Moulin

brazen - effronté, cuivreux, aigu, dur comme de la pierre

pan - pan, poele, marmite

raw - cru, brut, nu

piles - piles, pile, tas

rattled - secouée, (faire) cliqueter

shaking - tremblant, (shake), secouer, agiter, se serrer la main, secousse

spinach - épinards

chopped - haché, couper, hacher

From the poultry-yard was heard the screaming of the fowls whom the servant was chasing in order to wring their necks.

screaming - des cris, cri, crier

wring - tordre, tords, tordons, tordez, tordent

A man slightly marked with small-pox, in green leather slippers, and wearing a velvet cap with a gold tassel, was warming his back at the chimney. His face expressed nothing but self-satisfaction, and he appeared to take life as calmly as the goldfinch suspended over his head in its wicker cage: this was the chemist.

pox - la vérole, vérole, variole, petite vérole

expressed - exprimée, exprimer

goldfinch - chardonneret

suspended - suspendue, suspendre

wicker - l'osier, osier

"ArtĂ©mise!" shouted the landlady, "chop some wood, fill the water bottles, bring some brandy, Look sharp! If only I knew what dessert to offer the guests you are expecting! Good heavens! Those furniture-movers are beginning their racket in the billiard-room again; and their van has been left before the front door! The ˜Hirondelle'might run into it when it draws up.

chop - chop, hacher

Look sharp - avoir fiere allure

heavens - les cieux, ciel, paradis, au-dela, cieux-p

movers - déménageurs, déménageur, déménageuse

racket - racket, vacarme

van - van, (de) camion(nette)

Call Polyte and tell him to put it up. Only think, Monsieur Homais, that since morning they have had about fifteen games, and drunk eight jars of cider! Why, they'll tear my cloth for me," she went on, looking at them from a distance, her strainer in her hand.

strainer - la passoire, filtre

"That wouldn't be much of a loss," replied Monsieur Homais. "You would buy another."

"Another billiard-table!" exclaimed the widow.

exclaimed - s'est exclamé, exclamer

"Since that one is coming to pieces, Madame Lefrancois. I tell you again you are doing yourself harm, much harm! And besides, players now want narrow pockets and heavy cues. Hazards aren't played now; everything is changed! One must keep pace with the times! Just look at Tellier!"

harm - le mal, mal, tort, dommage, nuire a, faire du mal a

cues - indices, réplique

hazards - dangers, hasard, danger, tenter, hasarder

pace - rythme, pas

The hostess reddened with vexation. The chemist went on"

hostess - hôtesse, maîtresse de maison, hôtesse de l'air

reddened - rougis, rougir, faire rougir

vexation - vexation, tracas, tracasserie, contrariété

"You may say what you like; his table is better than yours; and if one were to think, for example, of getting up a patriotic pool for Poland or the sufferers from the Lyons floods""

getting up - se lever

patriotic - patriotique

Poland - la pologne, Pologne

sufferers - les personnes souffrant de troubles de la personnalité, malade

floods - inondations, inondation, inonder, submerger, noyer

"It isn't beggars like him that'll frighten us," interrupted the landlady, shrugging her fat shoulders. "Come, come, Monsieur Homais; as long as the ˜Lion d'Or'exists people will come to it. We've feathered our nest; while one of these days you'll find the ˜Cafe Francais'closed with a big placard on the shutters. Change my billiard-table!

frighten - effrayer, redouter, terrifier

shrugging - hausser les épaules, haussement d'épaules

exists - existe, exister

feathered - a plumes, plume, fanon, mettre en drapeau, emplumer, fr

placard - placard, affiche, pancarte

" she went on, speaking to herself, "the table that comes in so handy for folding the washing, and on which, in the hunting season, I have slept six visitors! But that dawdler, Hivert, doesn't come!"

handy - pratique, adhésif, maniable, opportun

folding - pliant, repliable, rabattable, pliage

hunting season - la saison de chasse

dawdler - lambin

"Are you waiting for him for your gentlemen's dinner?"

"Wait for him! And what about Monsieur Binet? As the clock strikes six you'll see him come in, for he hasn't his equal under the sun for punctuality. He must always have his seat in the small parlour. He'd rather die than dine anywhere else. And so squeamish as he is, and so particular about the cider!

strikes - greves, biffer, rayer, barrer, frapper, battre

Equal - l'égalité, égal, égaler a, égale

punctuality - la ponctualité, ponctualité

anywhere - n'importe ou, n'importe ou, ou que ce soit, nulle part

Not like Monsieur LĂ©on; he sometimes comes at seven, or even half-past, and he doesn't so much as look at what he eats. Such a nice young man! Never speaks a rough word!"

rough - rude, rugueux, brut, approximatif, difficile, brutal, ébaucher

"Well, you see, there's a great difference between an educated man and an old carabineer who is now a tax-collector."

educated - éduqués, éduquer

Carabineer - mousqueton, carabinier

tax - l'impôt, impot, impôt, prestation

collector - collectionneur, collectionneuse, percepteur, encaisseur

Six o'clock struck. Binet came in.

He wore a blue frock-coat falling in a straight line round his thin body, and his leather cap, with its lappets knotted over the top of his head with string, showed under the turned-up peak a bald forehead, flattened by the constant wearing of a helmet.

flattened - aplatie, aplatir

constant - constant, constante

He wore a black cloth waistcoat, a hair collar, grey trousers, and, all the year round, well-blacked boots, that had two parallel swellings due to the sticking out of his big-toes. Not a hair stood out from the regular line of fair whiskers, which, encircling his jaws, framed, after the fashion of a garden border, his long, wan face, whose eyes were small and the nose hooked.

swellings - des gonflements, gonflement

sticking out - qui dépassent

toes - orteils, orteil, doigt de pied

encircling - encerclant, ceignant, (encircle), encercler

wan - wan, pâle, blafard

hooked - accroché, crochet, agrafe, hook, accrocher, ferrer

Clever at all games of cards, a good hunter, and writing a fine hand, he had at home a lathe, and amused himself by turning napkin rings, with which he filled up his house, with the jealousy of an artist and the egotism of a bourgeois.

Hunter - hunter, chasseur, chien de chasse, cheval de chasse, chercheur

lathe - tour

filled up - rempli

jealousy - jalousie, envie

bourgeois - bourgeois, roturier

He went to the small parlour, but the three millers had to be got out first, and during the whole time necessary for laying the cloth, Binet remained silent in his place near the stove. Then he shut the door and took off his cap in his usual way.

laying - pose, (lay) pose

"It isn't with saying civil things that he'll wear out his tongue," said the chemist, as soon as he was along with the landlady.

civil - civile, civil

wear out - s'épuiser

"He never talks more," she replied. "Last week two travelers in the cloth line were here"such clever chaps who told such jokes in the evening, that I fairly cried with laughing; and he stood there like a dab fish and never said a word."

travelers - voyageurs, voyageur/-euse

chaps - les chaps, type

fairly - équitable, justement, assez

Dab - dab, tamponner

"Yes," observed the chemist; "no imagination, no sallies, nothing that makes the society-man."

observed - observée, observer, remarquer, respecter, garder

imagination - l'imagination, imagination

sallies - des salades, sortie

"Yet they say he has parts," objected the landlady.

"Parts!" replied Monsieur Homais; "he, parts! In his own line it is possible," he added in a calmer tone. And he went on"

calmer - plus calme, calme, tranquille, calme plat, calmer

"Ah! That a merchant, who has large connections, a jurisconsult, a doctor, a chemist, should be thus absent-minded, that they should become whimsical or even peevish, I can understand; such cases are cited in history. But at least it is because they are thinking of something.

merchant - marchand, marchande

connections - des connexions, connexion, liaison, lien, rapport, complicité

jurisconsult - jurisconsulte

absent - absente, absent

whimsical - fantaisiste, capricieux, étrange, drôle, amusant

peevish - irritable, maussade, geignard

cases - cas

cited in - cité dans

Myself, for example, how often has it happened to me to look on the bureau for my pen to write a label, and to find, after all, that I had put it behind my ear!"

myself - moi-meme, me, m'

bureau - bureau, agence, secrétaire, chiffonnier, commode

label - l'étiquette, étiquette, étiqueter

Madame Lefrancois just then went to the door to see if the "Hirondelle" were not coming. She started. A man dressed in black suddenly came into the kitchen. By the last gleam of the twilight one could see that his face was rubicund and his form athletic.

gleam - briller, luisent, luisez, brillant, luisons

twilight - demi-jour, crépuscule, entre chien et loup, pénombre, brumes

athletic - athlétique, sportif

"What can I do for you, Monsieur le Curé?" asked the landlady, as she reached down from the chimney one of the copper candlesticks placed with their candles in a row. "Will you take something? A thimbleful of Cassis?[10] A glass of wine?"

thimbleful - un dé a coudre

[10] black currant liqueur.

black currant - du cassis

The priest declined very politely. He had come for his umbrella, that he had forgotten the other day at the Ernemont convent, and after asking Madame Lefrancois to have it sent to him at the presbytery in the evening, he left for the church, from which the Angelus was ringing.

declined - refusé, déclin

politely - poliment

When the chemist no longer heard the noise of his boots along the square, he thought the priest's behaviour just now very unbecoming. This refusal to take any refreshment seemed to him the most odious hypocrisy; all priests tippled on the sly, and were trying to bring back the days of the tithe.

behaviour - manieres

unbecoming - inconvenante

refusal - refus

refreshment - un rafraîchissement, rafraîchissement

tippled - buvait, carreau, benne basculante, verre, coup, chopine, canon

sly - sly, sournois, malin, rusé, matois, espiegle

tithe - la dîme, dîme

The landlady took up the defence of her curé.

defence - la défense, défense

"Besides, he could double up four men like you over his knee. Last year he helped our people to bring in the straw; he carried as many as six trusses at once, he is so strong."

"Bravo!" said the chemist. "Now just send your daughters to confess to fellows which such a temperament! I, if I were the government, I'd have the priests bled once a month. Yes, Madame Lefrancois, every month"a good phlebotomy, in the interests of the police and morals."

Bravo - bravo, Berthe

fellows - des camarades, homme, type

government - le gouvernement

phlebotomy - la phlébotomie, phlébotomie

"Be quiet, Monsieur Homais. You are an infidel; you've no religion."

Be quiet - Se taire

infidel - infidele, infidele, incroyant

The chemist answered: "I have a religion, my religion, and I even have more than all these others with their mummeries and their juggling. I adore God, on the contrary. I believe in the Supreme Being, in a Creator, whatever he may be.

mummeries - des mummeries, mommerie

juggling - jongler, (juggle)

creator - créateur, créatrice, rench: t-needed r

I care little who has placed us here below to fulfil our duties as citizens and fathers of families; but I don't need to go to church to kiss silver plates, and fatten, out of my pocket, a lot of good-for-nothings who live better than we do. For one can know Him as well in a wood, in a field, or even contemplating the eternal vault like the ancients. My God!

duties - fonctions, devoir, obligation, service, travail, taxe

citizens - citoyens, citoyen, citoyenne, habitant

silver plates - plats d'argent

fatten - engraisser, grossir

contemplating - contempler, envisager, étudier

vault - chambre forte, voute, dôme

ancients - des anciens, ancien, antique

Mine is the God of Socrates, of Franklin, of Voltaire, and of Beranger! I am for the profession of faith of the ˜Savoyard Vicar,'and the immortal principles of ˜89!

mine - la mienne, mienne, miniere

Socrates - socrate

profession of faith - la profession de foi

Savoyard - Savoyard

Vicar - curé, vicaire

immortal - immortel, inoubliable

principles - principes, principe

And I can't admit of an old boy of a God who takes walks in his garden with a cane in his hand, who lodges his friends in the belly of whales, dies uttering a cry, and rises again at the end of three days; things absurd in themselves, and completely opposed, moreover, to all physical laws, which prove to us, by the way, that priests have always wallowed in turpid ignorance, in which they would fain engulf the people with them."

admit of - admettre

cane - canne, tige, bastonnade, canne blanche, bâtonner

lodges - les gîtes, cabane, maison du portier, loge, rench: -neededr

Whales - baleines, (whale) baleines

rises - s'éleve, augmenter, monter, lever

absurd - absurde

physical - physique, physiologique, visite médicale, check-up

laws - des lois, loi(s), législation

Prove - prouver, éprouvent, éprouvons, éprouvez, prouvent

wallowed - s'est vautré, se vautrer (dans)

ignorance - l'ignorance, ignorance

engulf - submerger, engloutir, engouffrer

He ceased, looking round for an audience, for in his bubbling over the chemist had for a moment fancied himself in the midst of the town council. But the landlady no longer heeded him; she was listening to a distant rolling. One could distinguish the noise of a carriage mingled with the clattering of loose horseshoes that beat against the ground, and at last the "Hirondelle" stopped at the door.

ceased - cessé, cesser, s'arreter, cesser de + 'infinitive'

audience - assistance, public, auditoire, lectorat, audience

bubbling over - qui débordent

town council - le conseil municipal

heeded - pris en compte, attention, observer, surveiller

clattering - cliquetis, claquer, craquer, claquement, craquement, vacarme

horseshoes - les fers a cheval, fer a cheval, ferrer

beat - battre, abats, battement, battirent, battent, abattîmes

It was a yellow box on two large wheels, that, reaching to the tilt, prevented travelers from seeing the road and dirtied their shoulders. The small panes of the narrow windows rattled in their sashes when the coach was closed, and retained here and there patches of mud amid the old layers of dust, that not even storms of rain had altogether washed away.

reaching - atteindre, arriver/parvenir a

prevented - empeché, empecher

sashes - des écharpes, ceinture (d'étoffe), écharpe

retained - retenue, retenir, conserver, maintenir

washed away - lavée

It was drawn by three horses, the first a leader, and when it came down-hill its bottom jolted against the ground.

leader - chef, leader, dirigeant

jolted - secoué, ballotter, cahoter, secouer, soubresaut, secousse

Some of the inhabitants of Yonville came out into the square; they all spoke at once, asking for news, for explanations, for hampers. Hivert did not know whom to answer. It was he who did the errands of the place in town.

inhabitants - habitants, habitant, habitante, résident, résidente

hampers - des paniers, entraver

He went to the shops and brought back rolls of leather for the shoemaker, old iron for the farrier, a barrel of herrings for his mistress, caps from the milliner's, locks from the hair-dresser's and all along the road on his return journey he distributed his parcels, which he threw, standing upright on his seat and shouting at the top of his voice, over the enclosures of the yards.

brought back - ramené

rolls - rouleaux, rouleau

Shoemaker - shoemaker, cordonnier, cordonniere

farrier - maréchal-ferrant, maréchale-ferrante

barrel - tonneau, barrique, baril, canon, barillet, embariller

herrings - harengs

milliner - modiste

locks - des serrures, serrure

return journey - le retour

shouting at - en criant

enclosures - les boîtiers, piece jointe, encloitrer, encloîtrer, enclos

An accident had delayed him. Madame Bovary's greyhound had run across the field. They had whistled for him a quarter of an hour; Hivert had even gone back a mile and a half expecting every moment to catch sight of her; but it had been necessary to go on.

accident - accident

delayed - retardée, retarder

gone back - repartir

Emma had wept, grown angry; she had accused Charles of this misfortune. Monsieur Lheureux, a draper, who happened to be in the coach with her, had tried to console her by a number of examples of lost dogs recognizing their masters at the end of long years. One, he said had been told of, who had come back to Paris from Constantinople.

wept - pleuré, pleurer

console - console, consolons, consolent, consoler, consolez

recognizing - reconnaître

Constantinople - Constantinople

Another had gone one hundred and fifty miles in a straight line, and swum four rivers; and his own father had possessed a poodle, which, after twelve years of absence, had all of a sudden jumped on his back in the street as he was going to dine in town.

absence - absence, manque, absence du fer

jumped - a sauté, (faire) sauter

Chapter Two

Emma got out first, then Félicité, Monsieur Lheureux, and a nurse, and they had to wake up Charles in his corner, where he had slept soundly since night set in.

soundly - fortement, solidement

Homais introduced himself; he offered his homages to madame and his respects to monsieur; said he was charmed to have been able to render them some slight service, and added with a cordial air that he had ventured to invite himself, his wife being away.

homages - hommages, hommage

render - l'équarrissage, rendre

cordial - cordial, sirop

ventured - s'est aventuré, s'aventurer, risquer, oser

invite - inviter, invitent, invitez, invetera, invitons

When Madame Bovary was in the kitchen she went up to the chimney.

With the tips of her fingers she caught her dress at the knee, and having thus pulled it up to her ankle, held out her foot in its black boot to the fire above the revolving leg of mutton. The flame lit up the whole of her, penetrating with a crude light the woof of her gowns, the fine pores of her fair skin, and even her eyelids, which she blinked now and again.

revolving - tournante, (revolve), retourner

penetrating - pénétrant, pénétrer

crude - cru, vulgaire, brut

Woof - woof, rempli

gowns - robes, robe, toge (general term, especially Roman Antiquity)

pores - pores, pore

blinked - clignoté, ciller, cligner des yeux, clignoter

A great red glow passed over her with the blowing of the wind through the half-open door.

glow - l'éclat, briller, luire, irradier, lueur, éclat

half-open - (half-open) a moitié ouvert

On the other side of the chimney a young man with fair hair watched her silently.

As he was a good deal bored at Yonville, where he was a clerk at the notary's, Monsieur Guillaumin, Monsieur LĂ©on Dupuis (it was he who was the second habitue of the "Lion d'Or") frequently put back his dinner-hour in hope that some traveler might come to the inn, with whom he could chat in the evening.

habitue - habitué

frequently - fréquemment

put back - remis en place

On the days when his work was done early, he had, for want of something else to do, to come punctually, and endure from soup to cheese a tĂŞte-Ă -tĂŞte with Binet.

punctually - ponctuellement

endure - endurer, perdurer, supporter

It was therefore with delight that he accepted the landlady's suggestion that he should dine in company with the newcomers, and they passed into the large parlour where Madame Lefrancois, for the purpose of showing off, had had the table laid for four.

newcomers - nouveaux arrivants, nouveau venu, nouvel arrivé, débutant

purpose - objectif, dgssein, dessein, finalité, but

showing off - s'exhiber

Homais asked to be allowed to keep on his skull-cap, for fear of coryza; then, turning to his neighbour"

skull - crâne, crane

coryza - coryza

"Madame is no doubt a little fatigued; one gets jolted so abominably in our ˜Hirondelle.'"

fatigued - fatigué, fatigue, épuisement, corvée, fatiguer

abominably - abominablement

"That is true," replied Emma; "but moving about always amuses me. I like change of place."

amuses - amuse, amuser

change of place - changement de lieu

"It is so tedious," sighed the clerk, "to be always riveted to the same places."

tedious - fastidieux, laborieux

sighed - soupiré, soupirer

riveted - rivetés, rivet, riveter

"If you were like me," said Charles, "constantly obliged to be in the saddle""

saddle - selle, ensellement

"But," LĂ©on went on, addressing himself to Madame Bovary, "nothing, it seems to me, is more pleasant"when one can," he added.

Seems - semble-t-il, sembler, paraître, avoir l'air

more pleasant - plus agréable

"Moreover," said the druggist, "the practice of medicine is not very hard work in our part of the world, for the state of our roads allows us the use of gigs, and generally, as the farmers are prosperous, they pay pretty well. We have, medically speaking, besides the ordinary cases of enteritis, bronchitis, bilious affections, etc.

druggist - droguiste

allows - permet, laisser, accorder, permettre

prosperous - prospere

medically - sur le plan médical

enteritis - entérite

bronchitis - bronchite

bilious - bilieux, insuffisant hépatique, bilieuse, biliaire

, now and then a few intermittent fevers at harvest-time; but on the whole, little of a serious nature, nothing special to note, unless it be a great deal of scrofula, due, no doubt, to the deplorable hygienic conditions of our peasant dwellings. Ah!

intermittent - intermittent

harvest-time - (harvest-time) le temps des récoltes

serious - sérieux

Unless - a moins que, a moins que, sauf si

scrofula - scrofula, écrouelles, scrofule

deplorable - déplorable

conditions - conditions, condition

you will find many prejudices to combat, Monsieur Bovary, much obstinacy of routine, with which all the efforts of your science will daily come into collision; for people still have recourse to novenas, to relics, to the priest, rather than come straight to the doctor or the chemist. The climate, however, is not, truth to tell, bad, and we even have a few nonagenarians in our parish.

prejudices - préjugés, préjugé, idée préconçue, préjudice

combat - combat, bataille, lutte, combattre

efforts - efforts, effort

collision - collision

recourse - recours

relics - des reliques, reliquat, relique

climate - le climat, climat

nonagenarians - nonagénaires, nonagénaire

The thermometer (I have made some observations) falls in winter to 4 degrees Centigrade at the outside, which gives us 24 degrees Reaumur as the maximum, or otherwise 54 degrees Fahrenheit (English scale), not more. And, as a matter of fact, we are sheltered from the north winds by the forest of Argueil on the one side, from the west winds by the St.

thermometer - thermometre, thermometre

degrees - degrés, diplôme, degré, ordre

centigrade - centigrade

Reaumur - Reaumur

maximum - maximum, maximal

otherwise - autrement

Fahrenheit - Fahrenheit

scale - échelle, escaladez, escalader, escaladent, gravir, bareme

sheltered - a l'abri, abri, refuge, abriter

Jean range on the other; and this heat, moreover, which, on account of the aqueous vapours given off by the river and the considerable number of cattle in the fields, which, as you know, exhale much ammonia, that is to say, nitrogen, hydrogen and oxygen (no, nitrogen and hydrogen alone), and which sucking up into itself the humus from the ground, mixing together all those different emanations, unites them into a stack, so to say, and combining with the electricity diffused through the atmosphere, when there is any, might in the long run, as in tropical countries, engender insalubrious miasmata"this heat, I say, finds itself perfectly tempered on the side whence it comes, or rather whence it should come"that is to say, the southern side"by the south-eastern winds, which, having cooled themselves passing over the Seine, reach us sometimes all at once like breezes from Russia."

range - chaîne (de montagnes), cuisiniere, sélection, gamme, champ

account - compte, supputation, demande

aqueous - aqueux

vapours - des vapeurs, vapeur

exhale - expirer

ammonia - ammoniaque, ammoniac

nitrogen - l'azote, azote

hydrogen - l'hydrogene, hydrogene

oxygen - l'oxygene, oxygene

sucking - sucer, succion, sucement, (suck), téter, etre chiant

humus - l'humus, humus

mixing - mélange, mélanger

emanations - émanations, émanation, radon

unites - s'unit, unir

stack - pile, empiler

combining - combinant, combiner

electricity - l'électricité, électricité

diffused - diffusée, (se) diffuser, (se) répandre

tropical - tropicale, tropical

engender - engendrons, engendrent, engendrez

insalubrious - insalubre

miasmata - miasmata

perfectly - parfaitement

southern - méridionale, méridional, sud, austral, sudiste

passing over - passer

Seine - la seine, seine, seiner

Russia - la russie, Russie

"At any rate, you have some walks in the neighbourhood?" continued Madame Bovary, speaking to the young man.

rate - taux, taxer, évaluer, tarifaire, dividende, rang

neighbourhood - quartier

"Oh, very few," he answered. "There is a place they call La Pâture, on the top of the hill, on the edge of the forest. Sometimes, on Sundays, I go and stay there with a book, watching the sunset."

"I think there is nothing so admirable as sunsets," she resumed; "but especially by the side of the sea."

admirable - admirable

sunsets - couchers de soleil, coucher de soleil, crépuscule

resumed - reprise, reprendre

"Oh, I adore the sea!" said Monsieur LĂ©on.

"And then, does it not seem to you," continued Madame Bovary, "that the mind travels more freely on this limitless expanse, the contemplation of which elevates the soul, gives ideas of the infinite, the ideal?"

limitless - sans limite, illimité

contemplation - contemplation

elevates - s'éleve, élever, augmenter

"It is the same with mountainous landscapes," continued LĂ©on. "A cousin of mine who travelled in Switzerland last year told me that one could not picture to oneself the poetry of the lakes, the charm of the waterfalls, the gigantic effect of the glaciers.

mountainous - montagneux

Switzerland - la suisse, Suisse

oneself - soi-meme, soi-meme

poetry - de la poésie, poésie

charm - charme, excitation, grâce

waterfalls - des chutes d'eau, cascade, chute d'eau

gigantic - gigantesque, colossal

glaciers - glaciers, glacier

One sees pines of incredible size across torrents, cottages suspended over precipices, and, a thousand feet below one, whole valleys when the clouds open. Such spectacles must stir to enthusiasm, incline to prayer, to ecstasy; and I no longer marvel at that celebrated musician who, the better to inspire his imagination, was in the habit of playing the piano before some imposing site."

pines - des pins, pin

cottages - chalets, cottage

precipices - des précipices, précipice

spectacles - lunettes, spectacle

enthusiasm - l'enthousiasme, enthousiasme, passion

marvel - marvel, etre

celebrated - célébré, rendre hommage, célébrer, feter

musician - musicien, musicienne

inspire - inspirer

imposing - imposant, imposer

site - site

"You play?" she asked.

"No, but I am very fond of music," he replied.

"Ah! don't you listen to him, Madame Bovary," interrupted Homais, bending over his plate. "That's sheer modesty. Why, my dear fellow, the other day in your room you were singing ˜L'Ange Gardien'ravishingly. I heard you from the laboratory. You gave it like an actor."

sheer - transparent, pur

ravishingly - ravissante

LĂ©on, in fact, lodged at the chemist's where he had a small room on the second floor, overlooking the Place. He blushed at the compliment of his landlord, who had already turned to the doctor, and was enumerating to him, one after the other, all the principal inhabitants of Yonville.

lodged - déposé, cabane, maison du portier, loge, rench: -neededr, loger

second floor - Le deuxieme étage

compliment - compliment, complimenter, faire un compliment

enumerating - l'énumération, énoncer, dénombrer

principal - principal, directeur, directrice

He was telling anecdotes, giving information; the fortune of the notary was not known exactly, and "there was the Tuvache household," who made a good deal of show.

anecdotes - des anecdotes, anecdote

Emma continued, "And what music do you prefer?"

"Oh, German music; that which makes you dream."

German - Allemand, Allemande, Germain, Germaine

"Have you been to the opera?"

"Not yet; but I shall go next year, when I am living at Paris to finish reading for the bar."

shall - doit, rench: 'shall' followed by the infinitive is translated using the future tense'

"As I had the honour of putting it to your husband," said the chemist, "with regard to this poor Yanoda who has run away, you will find yourself, thanks to his extravagance, in the possession of one of the most comfortable houses of Yonville. Its greatest convenience for a doctor is a door giving on the Walk, where one can go in and out unseen.

regard - regard, considérer, égard, estime

possession - bien, possession, propriété, possessions

most comfortable - le plus confortable

convenience - la commodité, convenance, commodité, avantage, commodités

Moreover, it contains everything that is agreeable in a household"a laundry, kitchen with offices, sitting-room, fruit-room, and so on. He was a gay dog, who didn't care what he spent. At the end of the garden, by the side of the water, he had an arbour built just for the purpose of drinking beer in summer; and if madame is fond of gardening she will be able""

contains - contient, contenir

agreeable - agréable, complaisant

laundry - la lessive, blanchisserie, blanchissage, laverie, buanderie

arbour - tonnelle

"My wife doesn't care about it," said Charles; "although she has been advised to take exercise, she prefers always sitting in her room reading."

advised - conseillé, conseiller, renseigner

"Like me," replied LĂ©on. "And indeed, what is better than to sit by one's fireside in the evening with a book, while the wind beats against the window and the lamp is burning?"

beats - battements, battre

burning - bruler, brulant, ardent, brulage, (burn) bruler

"What, indeed?" she said, fixing her large black eyes wide open upon him.

"One thinks of nothing," he continued; "the hours slip by. Motionless we traverse countries we fancy we see, and your thought, blending with the fiction, playing with the details, follows the outline of the adventures. It mingles with the characters, and it seems as if it were yourself palpitating beneath their costumes."

slip - glisser, fiche, lapsus, patiner

traverse - franchir, traverser

fancy - fantaisie, imaginer, songer

fiction - fiction, belles-lettres

outline - les grandes lignes, contour, silhouette, esquisse, aperçu

adventures - aventures, (adventure) aventures

mingles - se mele, mélanger

characters - des personnages, personnage, caractere

palpitating - des palpitations, palpiter

costumes - des costumes, costume, déguisement

"That is true! That is true?" she said.

"Has it ever happened to you," LĂ©on went on, "to come across some vague idea of one's own in a book, some dim image that comes back to you from afar, and as the completest expression of your own slightest sentiment?"

image - image

slightest - le moins du monde, insignifiant, léger

"I have experienced it," she replied.

experienced - expérimenté, expérience

"That is why," he said, "I especially love the poets. I think verse more tender than prose, and that it moves far more easily to tears."

poets - poetes, poete

verse - vers, strophe

more tender - plus tendre

prose - prose

"Still in the long run it is tiring," continued Emma. "Now I, on the contrary, adore stories that rush breathlessly along, that frighten one. I detest commonplace heroes and moderate sentiments, such as there are in nature."

tiring - fatiguant, fatigant, (tire) fatiguant

rush - rush, ruée, affluence, gazer, galoper, bousculer

breathlessly - a bout de souffle

detest - détester, mépriser

heroes - héros, protagoniste

moderate - modéré, moderer, modérer

sentiments - sentiments, sentiment

"In fact," observed the clerk, "these works, not touching the heart, miss, it seems to me, the true end of art. It is so sweet, amid all the disenchantments of life, to be able to dwell in thought upon noble characters, pure affections, and pictures of happiness. For myself, living here far from the world, this is my one distraction; but Yonville affords so few resources."

disenchantments - désenchantements, désenchantement (2)

dwell - s'attarder, résider, s'appesantir sur

noble - noble, aristocrate, aristocratique

Distraction - distraction, folie

affords - permet, permettre

resources - ressources, ressource(s)

"Like Tostes, no doubt," replied Emma; "and so I always subscribed to a lending library."

subscribed - abonné(e), abonner, s'abonner, souscrire

lending library - bibliotheque de pret

"If madame will do me the honour of making use of it", said the chemist, who had just caught the last words, "I have at her disposal a library composed of the best authors, Voltaire, Rousseau, Delille, Walter Scott, the ˜Echo des Feuilletons'; and in addition I receive various periodicals, among them the ˜Fanal de Rouen'daily, having the advantage to be its correspondent for the districts of Buchy, Forges, Neufchâtel, Yonville, and vicinity."

disposal - l'élimination, disposition, élimination

composed - composé, composer

Rousseau - rousseau

Echo - echo, écho

Addition - addition, ajout

various - divers

periodicals - périodiques, périodique

Fanal - fanal

correspondent - correspondant, correspondante

districts - districts, district, fr

forges - forges, forge

vicinity - proximité, voisinage, vicinité, environs

For two hours and a half they had been at table; for the servant Artémis, carelessly dragging her old list slippers over the flags, brought one plate after the other, forgot everything, and constantly left the door of the billiard-room half open, so that it beat against the wall with its hooks.

carelessly - négligemment

hooks - des crochets, crochet, agrafe, hook, accrocher, ferrer

Unconsciously, LĂ©on, while talking, had placed his foot on one of the bars of the chair on which Madame Bovary was sitting. She wore a small blue silk necktie, that kept up like a ruff a gauffered cambric collar, and with the movements of her head the lower part of her face gently sunk into the linen or came out from it.

unconsciously - inconsciemment

necktie - cravate

ruff - crépue

cambric - cambric

lower part - la partie inférieure

Thus side by side, while Charles and the chemist chatted, they entered into one of those vague conversations where the hazard of all that is said brings you back to the fixed centre of a common sympathy.

entered into - entrer

sympathy - compassion, sympathie, condoléance

The Paris theatres, titles of novels, new quadrilles, and the world they did not know; Tostes, where she had lived, and Yonville, where they were; they examined all, talked of everything till to the end of dinner.

novels - romans, roman

When coffee was served Félicité went away to get ready the room in the new house, and the guests soon raised the siege. Madame Lefrancois was asleep near the cinders, while the stable-boy, lantern in hand, was waiting to show Monsieur and Madame Bovary the way home. Bits of straw stuck in his red hair, and he limped with his left leg.

went away - est parti

siege - siege, siege

lantern - lanterne

limped - boitait, mou, faible

When he had taken in his other hand the cure's umbrella, they started.

The town was asleep; the pillars of the market threw great shadows; the earth was all grey as on a summer's night. But as the doctor's house was only some fifty paces from the inn, they had to say good-night almost immediately, and the company dispersed.

pillars - piliers, pilier, pile

shadows - ombres, ombre, prendre en filature, t+filer

dispersed - dispersé, disperser, qualifier

As soon as she entered the passage, Emma felt the cold of the plaster fall about her shoulders like damp linen. The walls were new and the wooden stairs creaked. In their bedroom, on the first floor, a whitish light passed through the curtainless windows.

creaked - a grincé, craquement, craquer

whitish - blanchâtre

curtainless - sans rideau

She could catch glimpses of tree tops, and beyond, the fields, half-drowned in the fog that lay reeking in the moonlight along the course of the river. In the middle of the room, pell-mell, were scattered drawers, bottles, curtain-rods, gilt poles, with mattresses on the chairs and basins on the ground"the two men who had brought the furniture had left everything about carelessly.

glimpses - des aperçus, aperçu, entrevoir

tops - des sommets, dessus, sommet, couvercle, hune

Fog - le brouillard, masquer, brume, brouillard

reeking - puant, puanteur

mattresses - matelas

This was the fourth time that she had slept in a strange place.

The first was the day of her going to the convent; the second, of her arrival at Tostes; the third, at Vaubyessard; and this was the fourth. And each one had marked, as it were, the inauguration of a new phase in her life.

arrival - arrivée, arrivant, arrivante

inauguration - investiture, inauguration

phase - phase

She did not believe that things could present themselves in the same way in different places, and since the portion of her life lived had been bad, no doubt that which remained to be lived would be better.

Chapter Three

The next day, as she was getting up, she saw the clerk on the Place. She had on a dressing-gown. He looked up and bowed. She nodded quickly and reclosed the window.

nodded - hoché la tete, dodeliner, hocher, hochement

LĂ©on waited all day for six o'clock in the evening to come, but on going to the inn, he found no one but Monsieur Binet, already at table. The dinner of the evening before had been a considerable event for him; he had never till then talked for two hours consecutively to a "lady.

consecutively - consécutivement

" How then had he been able to explain, and in such language, the number of things that he could not have said so well before? He was usually shy, and maintained that reserve which partakes at once of modesty and dissimulation.

Shy - timide, gené, prudent, embarrassé

reserve - réservation, réserve, réserves, remplaçant

partakes - participe, participer

dissimulation - dissimulation

At Yonville he was considered "well-bred." He listened to the arguments of the older people, and did not seem hot about politics"a remarkable thing for a young man. Then he had some accomplishments; he painted in water-colours, could read the key of G, and readily talked literature after dinner when he did not play cards.

remarkable - remarquable

accomplishments - des réalisations, accomplissement

Monsieur Homais respected him for his education; Madame Homais liked him for his good-nature, for he often took the little Homais into the garden"little brats who were always dirty, very much spoilt, and somewhat lymphatic, like their mother.

liked him - il l'aimait bien

good-nature - (good-nature) bonne nature

brats - des enfants, garnement

lymphatic - lymphatique

Besides the servant to look after them, they had Justin, the chemist's apprentice, a second cousin of Monsieur Homais, who had been taken into the house from charity, and who was useful at the same time as a servant.

apprentice - apprenti

charity - la charité, charité, organisme de charité

The druggist proved the best of neighbours.

He gave Madame Bovary information as to the trades-people, sent expressly for his own cider merchant, tasted the drink himself, and saw that the casks were properly placed in the cellar; he explained how to set about getting in a supply of butter cheap, and made an arrangement with Lestiboudois, the sacristan, who, besides his sacerdotal and funeral functions, looked after the principal gardens at Yonville by the hour or the year, according to the taste of the customers.

trades - métiers, commerce, magasin, négoce, corps de métier

sacristan - sacristain, sacristaine

sacerdotal - sacerdotal

functions - fonctions, fonction, en fonction de

The need of looking after others was not the only thing that urged the chemist to such obsequious cordiality; there was a plan underneath it all.

urged - pressé, pulsion, pousser, inciter, provoquer, insister

obsequious - obséquieux

cordiality - cordialité

He had infringed the law of the 19th Ventose, year xi., article I, which forbade all persons not having a diploma to practise medicine; so that, after certain anonymous denunciations, Homais had been summoned to Rouen to see the procurer of the king in his own private room; the magistrate receiving him standing up, ermine on shoulder and cap on head. It was in the morning, before the court opened.

infringed - enfreint, enfreindre

Ventose - Ventose

diploma - diplôme

anonymous - anonyme

denunciations - dénonciations, dénonciation

summoned - convoqué, convoquer

procurer - le fournisseur

king - roi, dame

magistrate - magistrat

receiving - recevant, recevoir

ermine - l'hermine, hermine

In the corridors one heard the heavy boots of the gendarmes walking past, and like a far-off noise great locks that were shut. The druggist's ears tingled as if he were about to have an apoplectic stroke; he saw the depths of dungeons, his family in tears, his shop sold, all the jars dispersed; and he was obliged to enter a cafe and take a glass of rum and seltzer to recover his spirits.

corridors - couloirs, couloir, corridor, couloir aérien

gendarmes - gendarmes, gendarme

tingled - picoté, picoter, picotement

dungeons - les donjons, oubliette, donjon, cachot

recover - récupérer, captons, capter, recouvrent, recouvrer, recouvrons

Little by little the memory of this reprimand grew fainter, and he continued, as heretofore, to give anodyne consultations in his back-parlour. But the mayor resented it, his colleagues were jealous, everything was to be feared; gaining over Monsieur Bovary by his attentions was to earn his gratitude, and prevent his speaking out later on, should he notice anything.

reprimand - Une réprimande

fainter - plus faible, (faint) plus faible

consultations - des consultations, consultation

mayor - maire, mairesse, bourgmestre

colleagues - collegues, collegue, confrere, consour, confresour

feared - craint, peur

gaining - l'acquisition, (gain) l'acquisition

earn - gagner, gagnons, gagnez, gagnent

gratitude - la gratitude, gratitude

notice - remarquer, notification, préavis, s'apercevoir

So every morning Homais brought him "the paper," and often in the afternoon left his shop for a few moments to have a chat with the Doctor.

have a chat - discuter

Charles was dull: patients did not come. He remained seated for hours without speaking, went into his consulting room to sleep, or watched his wife sewing. Then for diversion he employed himself at home as a workman; he even tried to do up the attic with some paint which had been left behind by the painters. But money matters worried him.

diversion - diversion, déviation

employed - employés, employer, embaucher, recruter

workman - ouvrier

do up - faire jusqu'

worried - inquiet, inquiéter

He had spent so much for repairs at Tostes, for madame's toilette, and for the moving, that the whole dowry, over three thousand crowns, had slipped away in two years.

repairs - des réparations, réparer

toilette - toilette

Then how many things had been spoilt or lost during their carriage from Tostes to Yonville, without counting the plaster cure, who falling out of the coach at an over-severe jolt, had been dashed into a thousand fragments on the pavements of Quincampoix! A pleasanter trouble came to distract him, namely, the pregnancy of his wife.

falling out - tomber

jolt - ballotter, cahoter, secouer, soubresaut, secousse

dashed - en pointillés, tiret, trait, ta, sprint, soupçon, se précipiter

fragments - fragments, fragment, fragmenter

pavements - les chaussées, revetement, chaussée, pavement

pleasanter - plus agréable, agréable, plaisant

distract - distraire

namely - a savoir, nommément, c'est-a-dire, a savoir

As the time of her confinement approached he cherished her the more. It was another bond of the flesh establishing itself, and, as it were, a continued sentiment of a more complex union.

confinement - l'enfermement, confinement

approached - approché, (s')approcher (de)

cherished - chérie, chérir, tenir

bond - lien, sautiller

establishing - établissant, affermir, établir

complex - complexe

Union - l'union, union, groupement, connexion, réunion

When from afar he saw her languid walk, and her figure without stays turning softly on her hips; when opposite one another he looked at her at his ease, while she took tired poses in her armchair, then his happiness knew no bounds; he got up, embraced her, passed his hands over her face, called her little mamma, wanted to make her dance, and half-laughing, half-crying, uttered all kinds of caressing pleasantries that came into his head. The idea of having begotten a child delighted him. Now he wanted nothing. He knew human life from end to end, and he sat down to it with serenity.

languid - langoureux, languissant

poses - poses, pose

caressing - caressant, (cares) caressant

begotten - engendré, engendrer, procréer

delighted - ravie, plaisir, délice, joie, enchanter, ravir

human - humain

serenity - la sérénité, sérénité

Emma at first felt a great astonishment; then was anxious to be delivered that she might know what it was to be a mother.

delivered - livrée, accoucher, livrer, remettre

But not being able to spend as much as she would have liked, to have a swing-bassinette with rose silk curtains, and embroidered caps, in a fit of bitterness she gave up looking after the trousseau, and ordered the whole of it from a village needlewoman, without choosing or discussing anything.

needlewoman - femme-aiguille

Thus she did not amuse herself with those preparations that stimulate the tenderness of mothers, and so her affection was from the very outset, perhaps, to some extent attenuated.

stimulate - stimuler

outset - départ, début

As Charles, however, spoke of the boy at every meal, she soon began to think of him more consecutively.

She hoped for a son; he would be strong and dark; she would call him George; and this idea of having a male child was like an expected revenge for all her impotence in the past. A man, at least, is free; he may travel over passions and over countries, overcome obstacles, taste of the most far-away pleasures. But a woman is always hampered.

male - mâle, homme

revenge - la vengeance, vengeance, revanche, venger

impotence - l'impuissance, impuissance

overcome - vaincre, surmonter, envahir

obstacles - obstacles, obstacle

hampered - entravée, entraver

At once inert and flexible, she has against her the weakness of the flesh and legal dependence. Her will, like the veil of her bonnet, held by a string, flutters in every wind; there is always some desire that draws her, some conventionality that restrains.

flexible - flexible, maléable, souple

legal - légale, juridique, légal

dependence - dépendance

flutters - des battements d'ailes, faséyer, voleter, voltiger, battement

conventionality - la conventionnalité

restrains - des contentions, (se) contenir/retenir

She was confined on a Sunday at about six o'clock, as the sun was rising.

confined - confiné, confiner, limite

"It is a girl!" said Charles.

She turned her head away and fainted.

Madame Homais, as well as Madame Lefrancois of the Lion d'Or, almost immediately came running in to embrace her. The chemist, as man of discretion, only offered a few provincial felicitations through the half-opened door. He wished to see the child and thought it well made.

discretion - discrétion

provincial - provinciale, provincial

Whilst she was getting well she occupied herself much in seeking a name for her daughter. First she went over all those that have Italian endings, such as Clara, Louisa, Amanda, Atala; she liked Galsuinde pretty well, and Yseult or Leocadie still better.

Charles wanted the child to be called after her mother; Emma opposed this. They ran over the calendar from end to end, and then consulted outsiders.

ran over - écraser

calendar - calendrier, agenda, emploi du temps, programme

outsiders - étrangers, exclu, tiers, nouveau venu, étranger, inconnu

"Monsieur LĂ©on," said the chemist, "with whom I was talking about it the other day, wonders you do not chose Madeleine. It is very much in fashion just now."

wonders - s'interroge, merveille, étonner

Madeleine - madeleine

But Madame Bovary, senior, cried out loudly against this name of a sinner. As to Monsieur Homais, he had a preference for all those that recalled some great man, an illustrious fact, or a generous idea, and it was on this system that he had baptized his four children.

against this - contre cela

sinner - pécheur, pécheresse

preference - préférence

generous - généreux

baptized - baptisés, baptiser, couper

Thus Napoleon represented glory and Franklin liberty; Irma was perhaps a concession to romanticism, but Athalie was a homage to the greatest masterpiece of the French stage. For his philosophical convictions did not interfere with his artistic tastes; in him the thinker did not stifle the man of sentiment; he could make distinctions, make allowances for imagination and fanaticism.

glory - gloire

liberty - liberté

concession - concession

romanticism - le romantisme, romantisme, romanesque

homage - hommage

masterpiece - chef-d'ouvre, chef-d'ouvre

French - français, tlangue française, t+Français

philosophical - philosophique

tastes - gouts, gout, saveur, avant-gout, gouter, avoir un gout

thinker - penseur, penseuse, intellectuel

stifle - étouffer

distinctions - distinctions, distinction, différence

allowances - allocations, indemnité, jeu

fanaticism - le fanatisme, fanatisme

In this tragedy, for example, he found fault with the ideas, but admired the style; he detested the conception, but applauded all the details, and loathed the characters while he grew enthusiastic over their dialogue.

tragedy - tragédie

admired - admiré, admirer

conception - conception

applauded - applaudi, applaudir, ovationner, louer, approuver

loathed - détesté, exécrer, détester, hair

When he read the fine passages he was transported, but when he thought that mummers would get something out of them for their show, he was disconsolate; and in this confusion of sentiments in which he was involved he would have liked at once to crown Racine with both his hands and discuss with him for a good quarter of an hour.

transported - transporté, reporter, transporter, transport

mummers - des mamans, mime

disconsolate - inconsolable

confusion - confusion, désordre, malentendu

Involved - impliqué, nécessiter, impliquer

crown - couronne, couronner

At last Emma remembered that at the château of Vaubyessard she had heard the Marchioness call a young lady Berthe; from that moment this name was chosen; and as old Rouault could not come, Monsieur Homais was requested to stand godfather.

requested - demandée, demander, prier, requete, demande

godfather - parrain

His gifts were all products from his establishment, to wit: six boxes of jujubes, a whole jar of racahout, three cakes of marshmallow paste, and six sticks of sugar-candy into the bargain that he had come across in a cupboard. On the evening of the ceremony there was a grand dinner; the cure was present; there was much excitement.

wit - wit, esprit

jujubes - jujubes, jujubier, jujube

jar - bocal, jarre

marshmallow - guimauve, marshmallow, chamallow

sticks - bâtons, enfoncer

candy - des bonbons, bonbon(s)

into the bargain - dans la négociation

Monsieur Homais towards liqueur-time began singing "Le Dieu des bonnes gens." Monsieur LĂ©on sang a barcarolle, and Madame Bovary, senior, who was godmother, a romance of the time of the Empire; finally, M. Bovary, senior, insisted on having the child brought down, and began baptizing it with a glass of champagne that he poured over its head.

barcarolle - barcarolle

Godmother - marraine

romance - le romantisme, romance, idylle, amour romantique

Empire - l'empire, empire

brought down - abattu

baptizing - le bapteme, baptiser, couper

This mockery of the first of the sacraments made the Abbe Bournisien angry; old Bovary replied by a quotation from "La Guerre des Dieux"; the cure wanted to leave; the ladies implored, Homais interfered; and they succeeded in making the priest sit down again, and he quietly went on with the half-finished coffee in his saucer.

sacraments - les sacrements, sacrement

interfered - interféré, meler

saucer - soucoupe, sous-tasse

Monsieur Bovary, senior, stayed at Yonville a month, dazzling the natives by a superb policeman's cap with silver tassels that he wore in the morning when he smoked his pipe in the square.

natives - les autochtones, maternel, autochtone, indigene, natif

pipe - cornemuse, conduit, tuyau, barre verticale, tube, pipe

Being also in the habit of drinking a good deal of brandy, he often sent the servant to the Lion d'Or to buy him a bottle, which was put down to his son's account, and to perfume his handkerchiefs he used up his daughter-in-law's whole supply of eau-de-cologne.

The latter did not at all dislike his company. He had knocked about the world, he talked about Berlin, Vienna, and Strasbourg, of his soldier times, of the mistresses he had had, the grand luncheons of which he had partaken; then he was amiable, and sometimes even, either on the stairs, or in the garden, would seize hold of her waist, crying, "Charles, look out for yourself."

dislike - l'aversion, antipathie, ne pas aimer

Berlin - berlin

Vienna - Vienne

soldier - soldat, mouillette

partaken - participé, participer

amiable - aimable, avenant, affable

seize - saisir, emparer

Then Madame Bovary, senior, became alarmed for her son's happiness, and fearing that her husband might in the long-run have an immoral influence upon the ideas of the young woman, took care to hurry their departure. Perhaps she had more serious reasons for uneasiness. Monsieur Bovary was not the man to respect anything.

alarmed - alarmé, alarme, réveille-matin, réveil, alarmer, fr

fearing - craindre, peur

influence - influence, influencer, influer

took care - a pris soin

hurry - se dépecher, précipitation, hâte

One day Emma was suddenly seized with the desire to see her little girl, who had been put to nurse with the carpenter's wife, and, without looking at the calendar to see whether the six weeks of the Virgin were yet passed, she set out for the Rollets'house, situated at the extreme end of the village, between the highroad and the fields.

situated - situé, situer

It was mid-day, the shutters of the houses were closed and the slate roofs that glittered beneath the fierce light of the blue sky seemed to strike sparks from the crest of the gables. A heavy wind was blowing; Emma felt weak as she walked; the stones of the pavement hurt her; she was doubtful whether she would not go home again, or go in somewhere to rest.

mid - moyenne, mi-, au milieu de, en plein

glittered - pailleté, étincellement, paillette, briller

fierce - féroce

sparks - des étincelles, étincelle

crest - l'écusson, crete, huppe, aigrette, cimier, criniere

gables - pignons, pignon

weak - faible, débile

hurt - faire mal, blesser, blessé

doubtful - douteux, douteuse

somewhere - quelque part

At this moment Monsieur LĂ©on came out from a neighbouring door with a bundle of papers under his arm. He came to greet her, and stood in the shade in front of the Lheureux's shop under the projecting grey awning.

greet - saluer, saluons, saluez, saluent

awning - l'auvent, marquise, auvent, (awn), barbe

Madame Bovary said she was going to see her baby, but that she was beginning to grow tired.

"If"" said LĂ©on, not daring to go on.

"Have you any business to attend to?" she asked.

attend to - s'occuper

And on the clerk's answer, she begged him to accompany her. That same evening this was known in Yonville, and Madame Tuvache, the mayor's wife, declared in the presence of her servant that "Madame Bovary was compromising herself."

accompany - accompagner

declared - déclarée, expliquer, déclarer

compromising - compromettante, compromis, concession, compromettre

To get to the nurse's it was necessary to turn to the left on leaving the street, as if making for the cemetery, and to follow between little houses and yards a small path bordered with privet hedges. They were in bloom, and so were the speedwells, eglantines, thistles, and the sweetbriar that sprang up from the thickets.

privet - le troene

bloom - fleurir, fleur

speedwells - speedwells, véronique

thistles - les chardons, chardon

sweetbriar - sweetbriar

thickets - des fourrés, fourré, maquis

Through openings in the hedges one could see into the huts, some pigs on a dung-heap, or tethered cows rubbing their horns against the trunk of trees. The two, side by side walked slowly, she leaning upon him, and he restraining his pace, which he regulated by hers; in front of them a swarm of midges fluttered, buzzing in the warm air.

huts - huttes, hutte

dung - bouse, excrément

tethered - attachés, longe, attacher

horns - des cornes, corne, cor, klaxon, cuivres-p

regulated - réglementé, régler

swarm - essaim (flying insects), grouillement (crawling insects), nuée

midges - des moucherons, moucheron

They recognized the house by an old walnut-tree which shaded it.

walnut - noyer, noix

shaded - ombragée, alose

Low and covered with brown tiles, there hung outside it, beneath the dormer-window of the garret, a string of onions. Faggots upright against a thorn fence surrounded a bed of lettuce, a few square feet of lavender, and sweet peas strung on sticks.

tiles - tuiles, tuile, carreau

dormer - lucarne

faggots - pédés, fagot

thorn - épine, thorn

lettuce - laitue, salade, oseille

lavender - la lavande, lavande, bleu lavande

peas - pois, (pea) pois

strung - cordée, corde, suite, série, chaîne de caracteres

Dirty water was running here and there on the grass, and all round were several indefinite rags, knitted stockings, a red calico jacket, and a large sheet of coarse linen spread over the hedge. At the noise of the gate the nurse appeared with a baby she was suckling on one arm.

running here - en train de courir ici

rags - chiffons, chiffon

knitted - tricoté, tricoter, souder, unir, se souder

suckling - l'allaitement, allaitant, (suckle), allaiter, téter

With her other hand she was pulling along a poor puny little fellow, his face covered with scrofula, the son of a Rouen hosier, whom his parents, too taken up with their business, left in the country.

pulling - tirant, (pull), tirer, retirer, tirer un coup, influence

puny - chétif, frele

taken up - pris en charge

"Go in," she said; "your little one is there asleep."

The room on the ground-floor, the only one in the dwelling, had at its farther end, against the wall, a large bed without curtains, while a kneading-trough took up the side by the window, one pane of which was mended with a piece of blue paper.

dwelling - logement, demeure, (dwell), résider, s'appesantir sur

kneading - pétrissage, pétrir

trough - l'auge, auge (for food), abreuvoir (for drinking), gouttiere

pane - panneau, vitre

mended - réparé, réparer, raccommoder, rapiécer, s'améliorer

In the corner behind the door, shining hob-nailed shoes stood in a row under the slab of the washstand, near a bottle of oil with a feather stuck in its mouth; a Matthieu Laensberg lay on the dusty mantelpiece amid gunflints, candle-ends, and bits of amadou.

shining - brillant, briller, éclairer

slab - dalle, bloc, pavé

feather - plume, fanon, mettre en drapeau, emplumer, checkempenner

Finally, the last luxury in the apartment was a "Fame" blowing her trumpets, a picture cut out, no doubt, from some perfumer's prospectus and nailed to the wall with six wooden shoe-pegs.

fame - la notoriété, gloire, célébrité

trumpets - trompettes, trompette, trompettiste, barrissement

perfumer - parfumeur

Emma's child was asleep in a wicker-cradle. She took it up in the wrapping that enveloped it and began singing softly as she rocked herself to and fro.

cradle - berceau, bers, bercer

wrapping - l'emballage, (wrap) l'emballage

enveloped - enveloppé, envelopper

rocked - bercé, rocher, roc

LĂ©on walked up and down the room; it seemed strange to him to see this beautiful woman in her nankeen dress in the midst of all this poverty. Madam Bovary reddened; he turned away, thinking perhaps there had been an impertinent look in his eyes. Then she put back the little girl, who had just been sick over her collar.

Nankeen - nankeen

poverty - la pauvreté, pauvreté

The nurse at once came to dry her, protesting that it wouldn't show.

protesting - protester, protestation, manifestation

"She gives me other doses," she said: "I am always a-washing of her. If you would have the goodness to order Camus, the grocer, to let me have a little soap, it would really be more convenient for you, as I needn't trouble you then."

doses - doses, dose

goodness - la bonté, bonté, bonté divine, corbleu, crebleu, jarnibleu

Camus - camus

grocer - épicier, épiciere

soap - du savon, savon

more convenient - plus pratique

"Very well! very well!" said Emma. "Good morning, Madame Rollet," and she went out, wiping her shoes at the door.

The good woman accompanied her to the end of the garden, talking all the time of the trouble she had getting up of nights.

"I'm that worn out sometimes as I drop asleep on my chair. I'm sure you might at least give me just a pound of ground coffee; that'd last me a month, and I'd take it of a morning with some milk."

After having submitted to her thanks, Madam Bovary left. She had gone a little way down the path when, at the sound of wooden shoes, she turned round. It was the nurse.

submitted - soumis, soumettre

"What is it?"

Then the peasant woman, taking her aside behind an elm tree, began talking to her of her husband, who with his trade and six francs a year that the captain"

aside - a part, a côté, en passant, aparté

elm tree - L'orme

trade - le commerce, commerce, magasin, négoce, corps de métier

captain - capitaine, capitaine de vaisseau, agir en capitaine, piloter

"Oh, be quick!" said Emma.

"Well," the nurse went on, heaving sighs between each word, "I'm afraid he'll be put out seeing me have coffee alone, you know men""

heaving - le déchaussement, (heave), hisser

sighs - soupirs, soupirer

I'm afraid - J'ai peur

"But you are to have some," Emma repeated; "I will give you some. You bother me!"

"Oh, dear! my poor, dear lady! you see in consequence of his wounds he has terrible cramps in the chest. He even says that cider weakens him."

consequence - conséquence

cramps - des crampes, crampe

weakens - s'affaiblit, affaiblir

"Do Make haste, Mere Rollet!"

Make haste - Se hâter

"Well," the latter continued, making a curtsey, "if it weren't asking too much," and she curtsied once more, "if you would""and her eyes begged""a jar of brandy," she said at last, "and I'd rub your little one's feet with it; they're as tender as one's tongue."

curtsey - une révérence, révérence, faire la révérence, révérencier

weren - n'était

Rub - rub, friction, hic, frotter, polir

Once rid of the nurse, Emma again took Monsieur LĂ©on's arm. She walked fast for some time, then more slowly, and looking straight in front of her, her eyes rested on the shoulder of the young man, whose frock-coat had a black-velvety collar. His brown hair fell over it, straight and carefully arranged. She noticed his nails which were longer than one wore them at Yonville.

It was one of the clerk's chief occupations to trim them, and for this purpose he kept a special knife in his writing desk.

chief - chef

trim - de l'habillage, tailler, compenser, compensation

They returned to Yonville by the water-side. In the warm season the bank, wider than at other times, showed to their foot the garden walls whence a few steps led to the river.

wider - plus large, large

It flowed noiselessly, swift, and cold to the eye; long, thin grasses huddled together in it as the current drove them, and spread themselves upon the limpid water like streaming hair; sometimes at the tip of the reeds or on the leaf of a water-lily an insect with fine legs crawled or rested.

noiselessly - sans bruit

grasses - des graminées, herbe, pelouse, t+gazon, t+beuh, balance

huddled - blottis, foule dense et désordonnée, se blottir

current - courant, présent, actuel

limpid - limpide

streaming - streaming, (stream), ruisseau, ru, rupt, filet, flot, courant

Lily - lily, lys

insect - insecte

crawled - rampé, ramper

The sun pierced with a ray the small blue bubbles of the waves that, breaking, followed each other; branchless old willows mirrored their grey backs in the water; beyond, all around, the meadows seemed empty.

ray - rayon, émission

bubbles - bulles, bulle, trou, vent, ambiance, bouillonner

waves - des vagues, vague

branchless - sans branche

willows - des saules, saule

meadows - prairies, pré

It was the dinner-hour at the farms, and the young woman and her companion heard nothing as they walked but the fall of their steps on the earth of the path, the words they spoke, and the sound of Emma's dress rustling round her.

companion - compagnon, compagne

The walls of the gardens with pieces of bottle on their coping were hot as the glass windows of a conservatory. Wallflowers had sprung up between the bricks, and with the tip of her open sunshade Madame Bovary, as she passed, made some of their faded flowers crumble into a yellow dust, or a spray of overhanging honeysuckle and clematis caught in its fringe and dangled for a moment over the silk.

conservatory - jardin d'hiver, serre

bricks - briques, brique, soutien, rouge brique

crumble - s'effriter, s'effondrer, effriter, émietter, crumble

spray - pulvériser, embrun

overhanging - en surplomb, surplomber, surplomb

honeysuckle - chevrefeuille, chevrefeuille

clematis - la clématite, clématite

dangled - pendue, pendre, pendouiller

They were talking of a troupe of Spanish dancers who were expected shortly at the Rouen theatre.

Troupe - troupe

shortly - dans peu de temps, rapidement, brievement

"Are you going?" she asked.

"If I can," he answered.

Had they nothing else to say to one another? Yet their eyes were full of more serious speech, and while they forced themselves to find trivial phrases, they felt the same languor stealing over them both. It was the whisper of the soul, deep, continuous, dominating that of their voices.

Speech - parole, discours

trivial - insignifiante, trivial, anodin, banal

stealing - le vol, (steal), voler, vol

whisper - chuchotement, chuchoter, susurrer, murmurer

Surprised with wonder at this strange sweetness, they did not think of speaking of the sensation or of seeking its cause. Coming joys, like tropical shores, throw over the immensity before them their inborn softness, an odorous wind, and we are lulled by this intoxication without a thought of the horizon that we do not even know.

wonder - merveille, se demander, conjecturer

sensation - sensation

throw over - jeter

inborn - inné

softness - la douceur, douceur

intoxication - l'intoxication, intoxication

In one place the ground had been trodden down by the cattle; they had to step on large green stones put here and there in the mud.

trodden - foulée, marcher (sur)

She often stopped a moment to look where to place her foot, and tottering on a stone that shook, her arms outspread, her form bent forward with a look of indecision, she would laugh, afraid of falling into the puddles of water.

shook - secoué, (shake), secouer, agiter, se serrer la main, secousse

outspread - la diffusion

indecision - l'indécision, indécision, irrésolution

puddles - des flaques d'eau, flaque, flaque d'eau, gouille

When they arrived in front of her garden, Madame Bovary opened the little gate, ran up the steps and disappeared.

LĂ©on returned to his office. His chief was away; he just glanced at the briefs, then cut himself a pen, and at last took up his hat and went out.

glanced - a glissé, jeter un coup d’oil, coup d'oil

briefs - slip, bref, court

He went to La Pâture at the top of the Argueil hills at the beginning of the forest; he threw himself upon the ground under the pines and watched the sky through his fingers.

"How bored I am!" he said to himself, "how bored I am!"

He thought he was to be pitied for living in this village, with Homais for a friend and Monsieru Guillaumin for master. The latter, entirely absorbed by his business, wearing gold-rimmed spectacles and red whiskers over a white cravat, understood nothing of mental refinements, although he affected a stiff English manner, which in the beginning had impressed the clerk.

pitied - pitié, compassion, dommage, honte, plaindre

entirely - entierement, entierement, entierement (1)

absorbed - absorbé, absorber, éponger

gold-rimmed spectacles - des lunettes a monture d'or

mental - mentale, affectif, mental

affected - affectée, affecter

stiff - rigide, raide, macchabée

impressed - impressionné, impressionner

As to the chemist's spouse, she was the best wife in Normandy, gentle as a sheep, loving her children, her father, her mother, her cousins, weeping for other's woes, letting everything go in her household, and detesting corsets; but so slow of movement, such a bore to listen to, so common in appearance, and of such restricted conversation, that although she was thirty, he only twenty, although they slept in rooms next each other and he spoke to her daily, he never thought that she might be a woman for another, or that she possessed anything else of her sex than the gown.

spouse - conjoint, époux, épouse

woes - malheurs, tristesse, douleur, misere, malheur, hélas

detesting - détester, mépriser

corsets - corsets, corset

appearance - l'apparence, apparition, apparence, comparution

restricted - restreint, restreindre, limiter

sex - le sexe, sexe

And what else was there? Binet, a few shopkeepers, two or three publicans, the cure, and finally, Monsieur Tuvache, the mayor, with his two sons, rich, crabbed, obtuse persons, who farmed their own lands and had feasts among themselves, bigoted to boot, and quite unbearable companions.

shopkeepers - les commerçants, détaillant, détaillante, magasinier

publicans - les publicains, patron/-onne de pub

crabbed - en crabe, crabe

obtuse - obtus, obtuse, sourd

feasts - fetes, festin

among themselves - entre eux

bigoted - bigot

But from the general background of all these human faces Emma's stood out isolated and yet farthest off; for between her and him he seemed to see a vague abyss.

isolated - isolée, isoler, esseuler

abyss - l'abîme, abîme, précipice, abysse, gouffre

In the beginning he had called on her several times along with the druggist. Charles had not appeared particularly anxious to see him again, and LĂ©on did not know what to do between his fear of being indiscreet and the desire for an intimacy that seemed almost impossible.

particularly - en particulier

indiscreet - indiscret

Chapter Four

When the first cold days set in Emma left her bedroom for the sitting-room, a long apartment with a low ceiling, in which there was on the mantelpiece a large bunch of coral spread out against the looking-glass. Seated in her arm chair near the window, she could see the villagers pass along the pavement.

coral - corail, corallien

villagers - villageois, villageoise

Twice a day LĂ©on went from his office to the Lion d'Or. Emma could hear him coming from afar; she leant forward listening, and the young man glided past the curtain, always dressed in the same way, and without turning his head.

But in the twilight, when, her chin resting on her left hand, she let the embroidery she had begun fall on her knees, she often shuddered at the apparition of this shadow suddenly gliding past. She would get up and order the table to be laid.

shuddered - a tremblé, tremblement, frisson, frissonner, trembler

apparition - apparition

Monsieur Homais called at dinner-time. Skull-cap in hand, he came in on tiptoe, in order to disturb no one, always repeating the same phrase, "Good evening, everybody." Then, when he had taken his seat at the table between the pair, he asked the doctor about his patients, and the latter consulted his as to the probability of their payment. Next they talked of "what was in the paper."

tiptoe - pointe des pied ieds, marcher sur la pointe des pieds

disturb - déranger, perturber, gener

probability - probabilité

payment - paiement, payement

Homais by this hour knew it almost by heart, and he repeated it from end to end, with the reflections of the penny-a-liners, and all the stories of individual catastrophes that had occurred in France or abroad. But the subject becoming exhausted, he was not slow in throwing out some remarks on the dishes before him.

penny - penny

individual - individu, individuel, checkindividuelle

catastrophes - des catastrophes, catastrophe

occurred - s'est produite, produire

exhausted - épuisé, épuiser, échappement

throwing out - a jeter

Sometimes even, half-rising, he delicately pointed out to madame the tenderest morsel, or turning to the servant, gave her some advice on the manipulation of stews and the hygiene of seasoning.

tenderest - le plus tendre, tendre

morsel - morceau

manipulation - manipulation

stews - ragouts, mijoter

seasoning - condiment, (season) condiment

He talked aroma, osmazome, juices, and gelatine in a bewildering manner. Moreover, Homais, with his head fuller of recipes than his shop of jars, excelled in making all kinds of preserves, vinegars, and sweet liqueurs; he knew also all the latest inventions in economic stoves, together with the art of preserving cheese and of curing sick wines.

aroma - arôme, parfum

osmazome - osmazome

gelatine - gélatine

bewildering - déconcertant, abasourdir, confondre, déconcerter, dérouter

recipes - des recettes, recette

excelled - excellé, dépasser

vinegars - les vinaigres, vinaigre

inventions - inventions, invention

economic - économique

stoves - poeles, cuisiniere, poele

preserving - préserver, confiture, conserve, réserve naturelle

curing - le durcissement, clébard, corniaud, roquet, clebs, chien

At eight o'clock Justin came to fetch him to shut up the shop.

Then Monsieur Homais gave him a sly look, especially if Félicité was there, for he half noticed that his apprentice was fond of the doctor's house.

"The young dog," he said, "is beginning to have ideas, and the devil take me if I don't believe he's in love with your servant!"

But a more serious fault with which he reproached Justin was his constantly listening to conversation. On Sunday, for example, one could not get him out of the drawing-room, whither Madame Homais had called him to fetch the children, who were falling asleep in the arm-chairs, and dragging down with their backs calico chair-covers that were too large.

whither - ou

falling asleep - s'endormir

Not many people came to these soirees at the chemist's, his scandal-mongering and political opinions having successfully alienated various respectable persons from him. The clerk never failed to be there. As soon as he heard the bell he ran to meet Madame Bovary, took her shawl, and put away under the shop-counter the thick list shoes that she wore over her boots when there was snow.

Scandal - scandale, esclandre

mongering - l'hypocrisie, (monger), marchand

successfully - avec succes

alienated - aliénés, aliéner

respectable - respectable, convenable

First they played some hands at trente-et-un; next Monsieur Homais played ecarte with Emma; LĂ©on behind her gave her advice.

et - et

un - un, ONU

ecarte - ecarte

Standing up with his hands on the back of her chair he saw the teeth of her comb that bit into her chignon. With every movement that she made to throw her cards the right side of her dress was drawn up. From her turned-up hair a dark colour fell over her back, and growing gradually paler, lost itself little by little in the shade.

paler - plus pâle, pâle

Then her dress fell on both sides of her chair, puffing out full of folds, and reached the ground. When LĂ©on occasionally felt the sole of his boot resting on it, he drew back as if he had trodden upon some one.

puffing - souffler, (puff) souffler

sole - unique, seul, semelle, plante, sole

When the game of cards was over, the druggist and the Doctor played dominoes, and Emma, changing her place, leant her elbow on the table, turning over the leaves of "L'Illustration". She had brought her ladies'journal with her. LĂ©on sat down near her; they looked at the engravings together, and waited for one another at the bottom of the pages.

turning over - Tourner

illustration - illustration, représentation

engravings - gravures, gravure

She often begged him to read her the verses; LĂ©on declaimed them in a languid voice, to which he carefully gave a dying fall in the love passages. But the noise of the dominoes annoyed him. Monsieur Homais was strong at the game; he could beat Charles and give him a double-six. Then the three hundred finished, they both stretched themselves out in front of the fire, and were soon asleep.

declaimed - déclamée, déclamer

annoyed - agacé, gener, ennuyer, embeter, agacer, asticoter

The fire was dying out in the cinders; the teapot was empty, LĂ©on was still reading.

dying out - s'éteindre

teapot - théiere, théiere

Emma listened to him, mechanically turning around the lampshade, on the gauze of which were painted clowns in carriages, and tight-rope dances with their balancing-poles. LĂ©on stopped, pointing with a gesture to his sleeping audience; then they talked in low tones, and their conversation seemed the more sweet to them because it was unheard.

mechanically - mécaniquement

lampshade - abat-jour

gauze - gaze

clowns - des clowns, clown, clownesse, pitre, bouffon, bouffonne

unheard - non entendue

Thus a kind of bond was established between them, a constant commerce of books and of romances. Monsieur Bovary, little given to jealousy, did not trouble himself about it.

commerce - le commerce, commerce, rapports

romances - romans d'amour, romance, idylle, amour romantique

On his birthday he received a beautiful phrenological head, all marked with figures to the thorax and painted blue. This was an attention of the clerk's.

phrenological - phrénologique

Thorax - le thorax, thorax

He showed him many others, even to doing errands for him at Rouen; and the book of a novelist having made the mania for cactuses fashionable, LĂ©on bought some for Madame Bovary, bringing them back on his knees in the "Hirondelle," pricking his fingers on their hard hairs.

novelist - romancier, romanciere

mania - la manie, manie

cactuses - cactus

fashionable - a la mode, a la mode, en vogue, fashionable

pricking - piquer, (prick) piquer

She had a board with a balustrade fixed against her window to hold the pots. The clerk, too, had his small hanging garden; they saw each other tending their flowers at their windows.

tending - de l'entretien, garder

Of the windows of the village there was one yet more often occupied; for on Sundays from morning to night, and every morning when the weather was bright, one could see at the dormer-window of the garret the profile of Monsieur Binet bending over his lathe, whose monotonous humming could be heard at the Lion d'Or.

bright - lumineux, éclatant, clair

profile - contour, profil

One evening on coming home LĂ©on found in his room a rug in velvet and wool with leaves on a pale ground. He called Madame Homais, Monsieur Homais, Justin, the children, the cook; he spoke of it to his chief; every one wanted to see this rug. Why did the doctor's wife give the clerk presents? It looked queer. They decided that she must be his lover.

rug - tapis, couverture

queer - pédé, étrange, bizarre

He made this seem likely, so ceaselessly did he talk of her charms and of her wit; so much so, that Binet once roughly answered him"

Likely - probable

roughly - en gros, rudement, approximativement

"What does it matter to me since I'm not in her set?"

He tortured himself to find out how he could make his declaration to her, and always halting between the fear of displeasing her and the shame of being Such a coward, he wept with discouragement and desire. Then he took energetic resolutions, wrote letters that he tore up, put it off to times that he again deferred.

tortured - torturé, torture, torturer

declaration - déclaration

halting - halte, soutenu, (halt) halte

Such a coward - Un tel lâche

discouragement - découragement

energetic - énergique, énergétique

tore - a la déchirure

deferred - différé, différer

Often he set out with the determination to dare all; but this resolution soon deserted him in Emma's presence, and when Charles, dropping in, invited him to jump into his chaise to go with him to see some patient in the neighbourhood, he at once accepted, bowed to madame, and went out. Her husband, was he not something belonging to her? As to Emma, she did not ask herself whether she loved.

determination - détermination

dropping in - passer

jump - sauter, sautent, sautiller, sautons, félure

belonging - appartenant, (belong) appartenant

Love, she thought, must come suddenly, with great outbursts and lightnings"a hurricane of the skies, which falls upon life, revolutionises it, roots up the will like a leaf, and sweeps the whole heart into the abyss.

lightnings - des éclairs, éclair, éloise, foudre

hurricane - ouragan

skies - skies, ski, skier

sweeps - balayage, balayer

She did not know that on the terrace of houses it makes lakes when the pipes are choked, and she would thus have remained in her security when she suddenly discovered a rent in the wall of it.

terrace - toit-terrasse, terrasse, gradins

choked - étouffé, suffoquer, étouffer

Security - la sécurité, sécurité, sécurisant, titre négociable

rent - loyer, louez, louons, arrentez, accensons

Chapter Five

It was a Sunday in February, an afternoon when the snow was falling.

They had all, Monsieur and Madame Bovary, Homais, and Monsieur LĂ©on, gone to see a yarn-mill that was being built in the valley a mile and a half from Yonville. The druggist had taken Napoleon and Athalie to give them some exercise, and Justin accompanied them, carrying the umbrellas on his shoulder.

yarn - le fil, fil, corde

Nothing, however, could be less curious than this curiosity. A great piece of waste ground, on which pell-mell, amid a mass of sand and stones, were a few break-wheels, already rusty, surrounded by a quadrangular building pierced by a number of little windows. The building was unfinished; the sky could be seen through the joists of the roofing.

Curious - vous etes curieux, curieux, intéressant, singulier

waste - déchets, pelée, gaspiller, gâcher

quadrangular - quadrangulaire

unfinished - inachevé

seen through - vu a travers

roofing - la couverture, toiture, (roof) la couverture

Attached to the stop-plank of the gable a bunch of straw mixed with corn-ears fluttered its tricoloured ribbons in the wind.

attached - attachée, attacher

plank - planche, gainage

gable - pignon

tricoloured - tricolore

Homais was talking. He explained to the company the future importance of this establishment, computed the strength of the floorings, the thickness of the walls, and regretted extremely not having a yard-stick such as Monsieur Binet possessed for his own special use.

computed - calculée, computer, calculer

thickness - l'épaisseur, épaisseur, grosseur

regretted - regretté, regretter, regret

extremely - extremement, extremement, vachement

Emma, who had taken his arm, bent lightly against his shoulder, and she looked at the sun's disc shedding afar through the mist his pale splendour. She turned. Charles was there.

lightly - légerement, légerement

His cap was drawn down over his eyebrows, and his two thick lips were trembling, which added a look of stupidity to his face; his very back, his calm back, was irritating to behold, and she saw written upon his coat all the platitude of the bearer.

eyebrows - sourcils, sourcil

thick lips - des levres épaisses

stupidity - stupidité, idiotie, ânerie, sottise

irritating - irritant, agacer (displeasure)

behold - regarder, voir, observer, voici, voila

platitude - platitude

bearer - porteur, porteuse

While she was considering him thus, tasting in her irritation a sort of depraved pleasure, LĂ©on made a step forward.

considering - en tenant compte, compte tenu de, vu, étant donné

tasting - la dégustation, goutant, (taste), gout, saveur, avant-gout

step forward - faire un pas en avant

The cold that made him pale seemed to add a more gentle languor to his face; between his cravat and his neck the somewhat loose collar of his shirt showed the skin; the lobe of his ear looked out from beneath a lock of hair, and his large blue eyes, raised to the clouds, seemed to Emma more limpid and more beautiful than those mountain-lakes where the heavens are mirrored.

more gentle - plus doux

lobe - lobe

lock - serrure, clôturer, cerrure, arret, obturer, pene

more beautiful - plus belle

"Wretched boy!" suddenly cried the chemist.

And he ran to his son, who had just precipitated himself into a heap of lime in order to whiten his boots. At the reproaches with which he was being overwhelmed Napoleon began to roar, while Justin dried his shoes with a wisp of straw. But a knife was wanted; Charles offered his.

precipitated - précipité

lime - chaux, calcaire

whiten - blanchir

reproaches - des reproches, reproche, opprobre, reprocher

overwhelmed - débordé, abreuver, accabler, envahir

roar - rugir, hurler, s'esclaffer, rire aux éclats

dried - séché, sec, anhydre, sécher, tfaire sécher

wisp - wisp, brin, fétu, touffe

"Ah!" she said to herself, "he carried a knife in his pocket like a peasant."

The hoar-frost was falling, and they turned back to Yonville.

hoar - le chaume, blanc-gris

In the evening Madame Bovary did not go to her neighbour's, and when Charles had left and she felt herself alone, the comparison re-began with the clearness of a sensation almost actual, and with that lengthening of perspective which memory gives to things.

comparison - comparaison, degré

clearness - clarté

actual - réel, effectif, checkeffectif, checkprésent

Lengthening - allongement, rallonger

Looking from her bed at the clean fire that was burning, she still saw, as she had down there, LĂ©on standing up with one hand behind his cane, and with the other holding Athalie, who was quietly sucking a piece of ice.

She thought him charming; she could not tear herself away from him; she recalled his other attitudes on other days, the words he had spoken, the sound of his voice, his whole person; and she repeated, pouting out her lips as if for a kiss"

attitudes - attitudes, posture, état d'esprit, attitude

"Yes, charming! charming! Is he not in love?" she asked herself; "but with whom? With me?"

All the proofs arose before her at once; her heart leapt. The flame of the fire threw a joyous light upon the ceiling; she turned on her back, stretching out her arms.

proofs - preuves, preuve, épreuve

arose - s'est élevé, se lever, relever

Then began the eternal lamentation: "Oh, if Heaven had not willed it! And why not? What prevented it?"

lamentation - gémissement, checklamentation

When Charles came home at midnight, she seemed to have just awakened, and as he made a noise undressing, she complained of a headache, then asked carelessly what had happened that evening.

undressing - se déshabiller, déshabillant, (undress), déshabiller

headache - maux de tete, mal de tete, casse-tete

"Monsieur LĂ©on," he said, "went to his room early."

She could not help smiling, and she fell asleep, her soul filled with a new delight.

The next day, at dusk, she received a visit from Monsieur Lherueux, the draper. He was a man of ability, was this shopkeeper. Born a Gascon but bred a Norman, he grafted upon his southern volubility the cunning of the Cauchois. His fat, flabby, beardless face seemed dyed by a decoction of liquorice, and his white hair made even more vivid the keen brilliance of his small black eyes.

dusk - crépuscule

ability - capacité, pouvoir, habileté

shopkeeper - commerçant, détaillant, détaillante, magasinier, magasiniere

Gascon - Gascon, gasconne

Norman - norman, Normand, qualifieremale

grafted - greffé, greffer

volubility - volubilité

cunning - astucieux, rusé

flabby - flasque, ramolli

beardless - sans barbe, imberbe

dyed - teintée, (se) teindre

decoction - décoction

liquorice - de la réglisse, réglisse

vivid - vivante, vivide

keen - enthousiaste, désireux, poivré, vif

No one knew what he had been formerly; a pedlar said some, a banker at Routot according to others. What was certain was that he made complex calculations in his head that would have frightened Binet himself. polite to obsequiousness, he always held himself with his back bent in the position of one who bows or who invites.

pedlar - traficoteur

banker - banquier

calculations - calculs, calcul

polite to - Poli envers

obsequiousness - l'obséquiosité, obséquiosité

bows - arcs, (bow) arcs

invites - invite, inviter (a)

After leaving at the door his hat surrounded with crape, he put down a green bandbox on the table, and began by complaining to madame, with many civilities, that he should have remained till that day without gaining her confidence.

civilities - civilités, politesse

A poor shop like his was not made to attract a "fashionable lady"; he emphasized the words; yet she had only to command, and he would undertake to provide her with anything she might wish, either in haberdashery or linen, millinery or fancy goods, for he went to town regularly four times a month. He was connected with the best houses.

attract - attirer

emphasized - souligné, souligner, accentuer

undertake - entreprendre

provide - fournir, procurer, pourvoir

wish - souhait, souhaiter, espérer

haberdashery - mercerie

connected - connecté, accoupler, connecter, brancher

You could speak of him at the "Trois Freres," at the "Barbe d'Or," or at the "Grand Sauvage"; all these gentlemen knew him as well as the insides of their pockets. To-day, then he had come to show madame, in passing, various articles he happened to have, thanks to the most rare opportunity. And he pulled out half-a-dozen embroidered collars from the box.

Barbe - barbe

Madame Bovary examined them. "I do not require anything," she said.

require - exiger, demander, avoir besoin de, requérir, nécessiter

Then Monsieur Lheureux delicately exhibited three Algerian scarves, several packets of English needles, a pair of straw slippers, and finally, four eggcups in cocoanut wood, carved in open work by convicts. Then, with both hands on the table, his neck stretched out, his figure bent forward, open-mouthed, he watched Emma's look, who was walking up and down undecided amid these goods.

exhibited - exposée, exposer, exposition, piece a conviction

Algerian - Algérien, Algérienne

scarves - des écharpes, écharpe

packets - paquets, paquet

needles - aiguilles, aiguille, saphir, coudre

eggcups - des coquetiers, coquetier

cocoanut - noix de coco

open work - un travail ouvert

convicts - des condamnés, condamner, criminel, bagnard

undecided - hésitant, checkindécis, checkvelléitaire

From time to time, as if to remove some dust, he filliped with his nail the silk of the scarves spread out at full length, and they rustled with a little noise, making in the green twilight the gold spangles of their tissue scintillate like little stars.

remove - supprimer, enlever

filliped - filliped, chiquenaude, pichenette

spangles - des paillettes, paillette

tissue - tissu, mouchoir en papier, kleenex

scintillate - scintiller

"How much are they?"

"A mere nothing," he replied, "a mere nothing. But There's no hurry; whenever it's convenient. We are not Jews."

There's no hurry - Il n'y a pas d'urgence

Convenient - pratique, commode

Jews - les juifs, juif, juive

She reflected for a few moments, and ended by again declining Monsieur Lheureux's offer. He replied quite unconcernedly"

declining - en déclin, déclin

unconcernedly - en toute sérénité

"Very well. We shall understand one another by and by. I have always got on with ladies"if I didn't with my own!"

by and by - par et par

Emma smiled.

"I wanted to tell you," he went on good-naturedly, after his joke, "that it isn't the money I should trouble about. Why, I could give you some, if need be."

naturedly - de façon naturelle

joke - plaisanterie, blague, joke, raté

She made a gesture of surprise.

"Ah!" said he quickly and in a low voice, "I shouldn't have to go far to find you some, rely on that."

shouldn - devrait

rely - s'appuyer, compter sur

And he began asking after Pere Tellier, the proprietor of the "Cafe Francais," whom Monsieur Bovary was then attending.

Pere - pere

Proprietor - propriétaire

"What's the matter with Pere Tellier? He coughs so that he shakes his whole house, and I'm afraid he'll soon want a deal covering rather than a flannel vest. He was such a rake as a young man! Those sort of people, madame, have not the least regularity; he's burnt up with brandy. Still it's sad, all the same, to see an acquaintance go off."

coughs - tousse, tousser, toux

shakes - secousses, secouer, agiter

flannel - flanelle

rake - râteau, râteler

regularity - régularité

And while he fastened up his box he discoursed about the doctor's patients.

discoursed - discuté, discours, conversation

"It's the weather, no doubt," he said, looking frowningly at the floor, "that causes these illnesses. I, too, don't feel the thing. One of these days I shall even have to consult the doctor for a pain I have in my back. Well, good-bye, Madame Bovary. At your service; your very humble servant." And he closed the door gently.

Frowningly - en fronçant les sourcils

causes - causes, cause, raison, causer

illnesses - les maladies, maladie

pain - douleur, mal, diuleur

humble - humble

Emma had her dinner served in her bedroom on a tray by the fireside; she was a long time over it; everything was well with her.

tray - plateau

by the fireside - au coin du feu

"How good I was!" she said to herself, thinking of the scarves.

She heard some steps on the stairs. It was LĂ©on. She got up and took from the chest of drawers the first pile of dusters to be hemmed. When he came in she seemed very busy.

pile - pile, tapée, pilotis, foule, amas

dusters - des dépoussiéreurs, chiffon

hemmed - ourlé, ourlet

The conversation languished; Madame Bovary gave it up every few minutes, whilst he himself seemed quite embarrassed. Seated on a low chair near the fire, he turned round in his fingers the ivory thimble-case. She stitched on, or from time to time turned down the hem of the cloth with her nail. She did not speak; he was silent, captivated by her silence, as he would have been by her speech.

languished - languissait, dépérir, se cachectiser, se rabougrir

embarrassed - embarrassé, embarrasser, gener

hem - l'ourlet, ourlet

captivated - captivé, captiver

"Poor fellow!" she thought.

"How have I displeased her?" he asked himself.

At last, however, LĂ©on said that he should have, one of these days, to go to Rouen on some office business.

"Your music subscription is out; am I to renew it?"

subscription - abonnement

renew - renouveler

"No," she replied.

"Why?"

"Because""

And pursing her lips she slowly drew a long stitch of grey thread.

pursing - poursuivre, bourse, portemonnaie, portefeuille, sac a main

stitch - point de suture, point, maille

thread - fil, processus léger, exétron, fil de discussion, filer

This work irritated LĂ©on. It seemed to roughen the ends of her fingers. A gallant phrase came into his head, but he did not risk it.

gallant - galant, brave, vaillant

"Then you are giving it up?" he went on.

"What?" she asked hurriedly. "Music? Ah! yes! Have I not my house to look after, my husband to attend to, a thousand things, in fact, many duties that must be considered first?"

attend - assister, visiter, soigner

A thousand things - un millier de choses

She looked at the clock. Charles was late. Then, she affected anxiety. Two or three times she even repeated, "He is so good!"

anxiety - l'anxiété, anxiété, inquiétude, angoisse

The clerk was fond of Monsieur Bovary. But this tenderness on his behalf astonished him unpleasantly; nevertheless he took up on his praises, which he said everyone was singing, especially the chemist.

unpleasantly - désagréable

nevertheless - néanmoins, toutefois, pourtant, malgré tout

praises - des louanges, louange, louer, féliciter, prôner

"Ah! he is a good fellow," continued Emma.

"Certainly," replied the clerk.

And he began talking of Madame Homais, whose very untidy appearance generally made them laugh.

untidy - débraillé, négligé, désordonné, bordélique

"What does it matter?" interrupted Emma. "A good housewife does not trouble about her appearance."

housewife - maîtresse de maison, femme au foyer, mere au foyer, garce

Then she relapsed into silence.

relapsed - rechute, rechuter

It was the same on the following days; her talks, her manners, everything changed. She took interest in the housework, went to church regularly, and looked after her servant with more severity.

housework - les tâches ménageres, ménage

severity - la sévérité, sévérité, gravité

She took Berthe from nurse. When visitors called, Félicité brought her in, and Madame Bovary undressed her to show off her limbs. She declared she adored children; this was her consolation, her joy, her passion, and she accompanied her caresses with lyrical outburst which would have reminded anyone but the Yonville people of Sachette in "Notre Dame de Paris."

show off - se montrer

limbs - membres, membre

consolation - consoler, consolation

reminded - rappelée, rappeler

When Charles came home he found his slippers put to warm near the fire. His waistcoat now never wanted lining, nor his shirt buttons, and it was quite a pleasure to see in the cupboard the night-caps arranged in piles of the same height.

shirt buttons - boutons de chemise

height - hauteur, taille

She no longer grumbled as formerly at taking a turn in the garden; what he proposed was always done, although she did not understand the wishes to which she submitted without a murmur; and when LĂ©on saw him by his fireside after dinner, his two hands on his stomach, his two feet on the fender, his two cheeks red with feeding, his eyes moist with happiness, the child crawling along the carpet, and this woman with the slender waist who came behind his arm-chair to kiss his forehead: "What madness!" he said to himself. "And how to reach her!"

grumbled - grommelé, grondement, gargouillement, grognement

turn in - se rendre

proposed - proposée, proposer, demander en mariage

wishes - souhaits, souhait, souhaiter, espérer

Fender - fender, aile, garde-boue, défense

moist - humide, moite

slender - svelte, mince

madness - la folie, folie

And thus she seemed so virtuous and inaccessible to him that he lost all hope, even the faintest. But by this renunciation he placed her on an extraordinary pinnacle. To him she stood outside those fleshly attributes from which he had nothing to obtain, and in his heart she rose ever, and became farther removed from him after the magnificent manner of an apotheosis that is taking wing.

inaccessible - inaccessible

faintest - le plus faible, faible, léger

renunciation - renoncement, renonciation

pinnacle - cime, pic, pinacle

fleshly - charnel

attributes - attributs, attribut, épithete or déterminant

obtain - obtenir, se procurer, réussir, avoir succes, s'établir

removed - supprimée, enlever

apotheosis - l'apothéose, apothéose

Wing - aile, ailier, improviser

It was one of those pure feelings that do not interfere with life, that are cultivated because they are rare, and whose loss would afflict more than their passion rejoices.

cultivated - cultivé, cultiver

rejoices - se réjouit, réjouir

Emma grew thinner, her cheeks paler, her face longer. With her black hair, her large eyes, her aquiline nose, her birdlike walk, and always silent now, did she not seem to be passing through life scarcely touching it, and to bear on her brow the vague impress of some divine destiny?

aquiline nose - nez aquilin

birdlike - a la maniere d'un oiseau

passing through - Passer a travers

scarcely - a peine, a peine, guere

bear - ours, endurer, naîs, produire, souffrir, subir

impress - impressionner

divine - divine, divin

destiny - destin, destinée, sort

She was so sad and so calm, at once so gentle and so reserved, that near her one felt oneself seized by an icy charm, as we shudder in churches at the perfume of the flowers mingling with the cold of the marble. The others even did not escape from this seduction. The chemist said"

reserved - réservé, réservation, réserve, réserves-p

icy - glacé, glacial, gelé

shudder - frémir, tremblement, frisson, frissonner, trembler

churches - églises, église, culte, t+misse

escape - échapper, s'échapper, éviter, échapper (a quelqu'un), évasion

seduction - la séduction, séduction

"She is a woman of great parts, who wouldn't be misplaced in a sub-prefecture."

misplaced - égaré, égarer

sub - sous, sous-, sub-

Prefecture - préfecture

The housewives admired her economy, the patients her politeness, the poor her charity.

housewives - femmes au foyer, maîtresse de maison, femme au foyer

But she was eaten up with desires, with rage, with hate. That dress with the narrow folds hid a distracted fear, of whose torment those chaste lips said nothing. She was in love with LĂ©on, and sought solitude that she might with the more ease delight in his image. The sight of his form troubled the voluptuousness of this mediation.

rage - rage, furie, fureur, courroux, rager, faire rage

distracted - distraits, distraire

torment - tourments, tourment, tourmenter

chaste - chaste

delight in - Se réjouir de

voluptuousness - volupté, voluptuosité

Emma thrilled at the sound of his step; then in his presence the emotion subsided, and afterwards there remained to her only an immense astonishment that ended in sorrow.

thrilled - ravie, exciter

sorrow - peine, chagrin

LĂ©on did not know that when he left her in despair she rose after he had gone to see him in the street. She concerned herself about his comings and goings; she watched his face; she invented quite a history to find an excuse for going to his room.

despair - le désespoir, désespérer, désespoir

Excuse - pardon, excuser, pardonner, justifier, prétexte, excuse

The chemist's wife seemed happy to her to sleep under the same roof, and her thoughts constantly centered upon this house, like the "Lion d'Or" pigeons, who came there to dip their red feet and white wings in its gutters. But the more Emma recognised her love, the more she crushed it down, that it might not be evident, that she might make it less.

dip - trempette, immersion

gutters - les gouttieres, gouttiere, caniveau

crushed - écrasé, barricade, béguin, amourette, faible, coup de cour

evident - évidentes, évident

She would have liked LĂ©on to guess it, and she imagined chances, catastrophes that should facilitate this.

chances - chances, hasard

facilitate - faciliter

What restrained her was, no doubt, idleness and fear, and a sense of shame also. She thought she had repulsed him too much, that the time was past, that all was lost. Then, pride, and joy of being able to say to herself, "I am virtuous," and to look at herself in the glass taking resigned poses, consoled her a little for the sacrifice she believed she was making.

repulsed - repoussé, repousser

sacrifice - sacrifier, sacrifice, offrande

Then the lusts of the flesh, the longing for money, and the melancholy of passion all blended themselves into one suffering, and instead of turning her thoughts from it, she clave to it the more, urging herself to pain, and seeking everywhere occasion for it.

lusts - des désirs, luxure, concupiscence, convoitise, joie, désirer

longing for - Avoir envie de

clave - clave

She was irritated by an ill-served dish or by a half-open door; bewailed the velvets she had not, the happiness she had missed, her too exalted dreams, her narrow home.

bewailed - pleuré, pleurer, déplorer

velvets - velours, duvet (on skin), velours (on antlers)

What exasperated her was that Charles did not seem to notice her anguish. His conviction that he was making her happy seemed to her an imbecile insult, and his sureness on this point ingratitude. For whose sake, then was she virtuous? Was it not for him, the obstacle to all felicity, the cause of all misery, and, as it were, the sharp clasp of that complex strap that bucked her in on all sides.

exasperated - exaspéré, exaspérer

insult - insultes, insulter, insulte

sureness - assurance

ingratitude - l'ingratitude, ingratitude

obstacle - obstacle

clasp - fermoir, serrer

strap - sangle, courroie, laniere, bandouliere

bucked - tronçonné, mâle

On him alone, then, she concentrated all the various hatreds that resulted from her boredom, and every effort to diminish only augmented it; for this useless trouble was added to the other reasons for despair, and contributed still more to the separation between them. Her own gentleness to herself made her rebel against him.

concentrated - concentré, concentrer

hatreds - haines, haine

effort - l'effort, effort

diminish - réduire, rétrécir, rapetisser, diminuer, amincir

augmented - augmentée, augmenter, accroître

contributed - a contribué, contribuer

separation - la séparation, séparation

rebel - rebelle, cabrer

Domestic mediocrity drove her to lewd fancies, marriage tenderness to adulterous desires. She would have liked Charles to beat her, that she might have a better right to hate him, to revenge herself upon him.

domestic - domestique, amily, intérieur

lewd - paillard

fancies - des fantaisies, envie, caprice

adulterous - adultere

She was surprised sometimes at the atrocious conjectures that came into her thoughts, and she had to go on smiling, to hear repeated to her at all hours that she was happy, to pretend to be happy, to let it be believed.

atrocious - atroce

conjectures - des conjectures, conjecture, conjecturer

pretend - prétendre, prétendre a, feindre, faire semblant

Yet she had loathing of this hypocrisy. She was seized with the temptation to flee somewhere with LĂ©on to try a new life; but at once a vague chasm full of darkness opened within her soul.

loathing - le dégout, dégout, (loathe), exécrer, détester, hair

temptation - la tentation, tentation

flee - s'enfuir, prendre la fuite, échapper

chasm - chasme, crevasse, fossé, gouffre

"Besides, he no longer loves me," she thought. "What is to become of me? What help is to be hoped for, what consolation, what solace?"

solace - consolation, réconfort, soulager, consoler

She was left broken, breathless, inert, sobbing in a low voice, with flowing tears.

"Why don't you tell master?" the servant asked her when she came in during these crises.

crises - des crises, crise

"It is the nerves," said Emma. "Do not speak to him of it; it would worry him."

worry - s'inquiéter, inquiéter, harceler, souci, angoisse

"Ah! yes," Félicité went on, "you are just like La Guerine, Pere Guerin's daughter, the fisherman at Pollet, that I used to know at Dieppe before I came to you. She was so sad, so sad, to see her standing upright on the threshold of her house, she seemed to you like a winding-sheet spread out before the door.

fisherman - pecheur, pecheur, pecheuse

Her illness, it appears, was a kind of fog that she had in her head, and the doctors could not do anything, nor the priest either. When she was taken too bad she went off quite alone to the sea-shore, so that the customs officer, going his rounds, often found her lying flat on her face, crying on the shingle. Then, after her marriage, it went off, they say."

sea-shore - (sea-shore) le rivage de la mer

customs officer - agent des douanes

rounds - rondes, rond

shingle - bardeau, aisseau

"But with me," replied Emma, "it was after marriage that it began."

Chapter Six

One evening when the window was open, and she, sitting by it, had been watching Lestiboudois, the beadle, trimming the box, she suddenly heard the Angelus ringing.

trimming - le rognage, émondage, (trim), tailler, compenser, compensation

It was the beginning of April, when the primroses are in bloom, and a warm wind blows over the flower-beds newly turned, and the gardens, like women, seem to be getting ready for the summer fetes. Through the bars of the arbour and away beyond the river seen in the fields, meandering through the grass in wandering curves.

primroses - des primeveres, primevere

meandering - des méandres, méandreux, (meander), méandre, méandrer

curves - courbes, courbe, courber

The evening vapours rose between the leafless poplars, touching their outlines with a violet tint, paler and more transparent than a subtle gauze caught athwart their branches. In the distance cattle moved about; neither their steps nor their lowing could be heard; and the bell, still ringing through the air, kept up its peaceful lamentation.

poplars - les peupliers, peuplier

tint - teinte, nuance, teindre

more transparent - plus transparente

peaceful - paisible

With this repeated tinkling the thoughts of the young woman lost themselves in old memories of her youth and school-days. She remembered the great candlesticks that rose above the vases full of flowers on the altar, and the tabernacle with its small columns.

tinkling - tintements, tintement, (tinkle), tinter

school-days - (school-days) jours d'école

tabernacle - tabernacle

She would have liked to be once more lost in the long line of white veils, marked off here and there by the stuff black hoods of the good sisters bending over their prie-Dieu. At mass on Sundays, when she looked up, she saw the gentle face of the Virgin amid the blue smoke of the rising incense.

veils - des voiles, voile, voiler

stuff - trucs, truc, substance (1), checkmachin (2), checktruc (2)

incense - de l'encens, encens

Then she was moved; she felt herself weak and quite deserted, like the down of a bird whirled by the tempest, and it was unconsciously that she went towards the church, included to no matter what devotions, so that her soul was absorbed and all existence lost in it.

whirled - tourbillonné, tourbillonner

tempest - tempete, tempete, (temp) tempete

devotions - des dévotions, dévouement, dévotion

On the Place she met Lestivoudois on his way back, for, in order not to shorten his day's labour, he preferred interrupting his work, then beginning it again, so that he rang the Angelus to suit his own convenience. Besides, the ringing over a little earlier warned the lads of catechism hour.

shorten - raccourcir, écourter

labour - le travail, effort, travail, labeur, besogne, travailleurs

interrupting - interrompre, couper

suit - complet, costume, tailleur, combinaison, costard, enseigne

Already a few who had arrived were playing marbles on the stones of the cemetery. Others, astride the wall, swung their legs, kicking with their clogs the large nettles growing between the little enclosure and the newest graves. This was the only green spot. All the rest was but stones, always covered with a fine powder, despite the vestry-broom.

marbles - des billes, marbre, bille, grillot, marbrer

astride - a califourchon, a califourchon, a califourchon sur

enclosure - l'enfermement, piece jointe, encloitrer, encloîtrer, enclos

powder - poudre, réduire en poudre, pulvériser, poudrer

despite - en dépit de, malgré

vestry - la sacristie, sacristie

broom - balai

The children in list shoes ran about there as if it were an enclosure made for them. The shouts of their voices could be heard through the humming of the bell. This grew less and less with the swinging of the great rope that, hanging from the top of the belfry, dragged its end on the ground.

shouts - crie, cri

belfry - le beffroi, beffroi

Swallows flitted to and fro uttering little cries, cut the air with the edge of their wings, and swiftly returned to their yellow nests under the tiles of the coping. At the end of the church a lamp was burning, the wick of a night-light in a glass hung up. Its light from a distance looked like a white stain trembling in the oil.

swallows - hirondelles, avaler

flitted - flotté, voltiger, voleter, papillonner, virevolter

wick - meche

stain - tache, souillure, colorant, tacher, entacher, colorer

A long ray of the sun fell across the nave and seemed to darken the lower sides and the corners.

nave - nef, moyeu

darken - s'assombrir, obscurcir, assombrir, foncer

lower - plus bas, abaisser, en privé, rabattre, baissent

"Where is the cure?" asked Madame Bovary of one of the lads, who was amusing himself by shaking a swivel in a hole too large for it.

swivel - pivotant, émerillon, pivoter

"He is just coming," he answered.

And in fact the door of the presbytery grated; Abbe Bournisien appeared; the children, pell-mell, fled into the church.

grated - râpé, grille (de foyer)

fled - fui, s'enfuir, prendre la fuite, fuir, échapper

"These young scamps!" murmured the priest, "always the same!"

Then, picking up a catechism all in rags that he had struck with is foot, "They respect nothing!" But as soon as he caught sight of Madame Bovary, "Excuse me," he said; "I did not recognise you."

recognise - reconnaître

He thrust the catechism into his pocket, and stopped short, balancing the heavy vestry key between his two fingers.

The light of the setting sun that fell full upon his face paled the lasting of his cassock, shiny at the elbows, unravelled at the hem.

setting sun - le soleil couchant

paled - pâli, copain/-ine

cassock - soutane

elbows - coudes, coude, coup de coude, jouer des coudes

unravelled - démelé, dénouer, démeler, résoudre

Grease and tobacco stains followed along his broad chest the lines of the buttons, and grew more numerous the farther they were from his neckcloth, in which the massive folds of his red chin rested; this was dotted with yellow spots, that disappeared beneath the coarse hair of his greyish beard. He had just dined and was breathing noisily.

grease - graisse, graisser, graisser la patte, corrompre, lubrifier

more numerous - plus nombreux

neckcloth - torchon

massive - massive, massif

dotted - en pointillés, point

spots - taches, tache, bouton, peu, endroit, zone, détecter, trouver

greyish - grisâtre

beard - barbe

dined - dîné, dîner

breathing - respirer, respiration, (breath), souffle, haleine

noisily - bruyamment

"How are you?" he added.

"Not well," replied Emma; "I am ill."

I am ill - Je suis malade

"Well, and so am I," answered the priest. "These first warm days weaken one most remarkably, don't they? But, after all, we are born to suffer, as St. Paul says. But what does Monsieur Bovary think of it?"

weaken - s'affaiblir, affaiblir

remarkably - remarquablement

suffer - souffrir, souffrir de, pâtir de, endurer, supporter, subir

"He!" she said with a gesture of contempt.

"What!" replied the good fellow, quite astonished, "doesn't he prescribe something for you?"

prescribe - prescrire, indiquer, ordonner

"Ah!" said Emma, "it is no earthly remedy I need."

earthly - terrestre

remedy - remede, remede, recours, remédier

But the cure from time to time looked into the church, where the kneeling boys were shouldering one another, and tumbling over like packs of cards.

shouldering - l'épaulement, (shoulder) l'épaulement

packs - paquets, paquet, sac

"I should like to know"" she went on.

"You look out, Riboudet," cried the priest in an angry voice; "I'll warm your ears, you imp!" Then turning to Emma, "He's Boudet the carpenter's son; his parents are well off, and let him do just as he pleases. Yet he could learn quickly if he would, for he is very sharp. And so sometimes for a joke I call him Riboudet (like the road one takes to go to Maromme) and I even say ˜Mon Riboudet.'Ha!

imp - diablotin

mon - Mon

ha - HA

Ha! ˜Mont Riboudet.'The other day I repeated that just to Monsignor, and he laughed at it; he condescended to laugh at it. And how is Monsieur Bovary?"

Monsignor - Monseigneur

condescended to - avec condescendance

She seemed not to hear him. And he went on"

"Always very busy, no doubt; for he and I are certainly the busiest people in the parish. But he is doctor of the body," he added with a thick laugh, "and I of the soul."

She fixed her pleading eyes upon the priest. "Yes," she said, "you solace all sorrows."

pleading - plaidoyer, (plead), plaider

sorrows - chagrins, peine, chagrin

"Ah! don't talk to me of it, Madame Bovary. This morning I had to go to Bas-Diauville for a cow that was ill; they thought it was under a spell. All their cows, I don't know how it is"But Pardon me! Longuemarre and Boudet! Bless me! Will you leave off?"

bas - bas, (BA) bas

Pardon me - Pardon

bless - bénir, bénis, bénissez, bénissent, bénissons

And with a bound he ran into the church.

The boys were just then clustering round the large desk, climbing over the precentor's footstool, opening the missal; and others on tiptoe were just about to venture into the confessional. But the priest suddenly distributed a shower of cuffs among them.

clustering - la mise en grappe, groupe, grappe, régime, amas

Precentor - precentor

footstool - tabouret, reposeied

missal - missel

Venture - venture, s'aventurer, risquer, oser

Seizing them by the collars of their coats, he lifted them from the ground, and deposited them on their knees on the stones of the choir, firmly, as if he meant planting them there.

lifted - soulevée, soulever

deposited - déposé, dépôt, gisement, acompte, arrhes-p

"Yes," said he, when he returned to Emma, unfolding his large cotton handkerchief, one corner of which he put between his teeth, "farmers are much to be pitied."

unfolding - en cours, (unfold), déplier, dérouler, checkdéplier

"Others, too," she replied.

"Assuredly. Town-labourers, for example."

assuredly - assurément

"It is not they""

"Pardon! I've there known poor mothers of families, virtuous women, I assure you, real saints, who wanted even bread."

Pardon - pardon, grâce, pardonner, gracier, désolé, excusez-moi

assure - assurer, rassurer

"But those," replied Emma, and the corners of her mouth twitched as she spoke, "those, Monsieur le Cure, who have bread and have no""

twitched - a tressailli, donner, avoir un mouvement convulsif

"Fire in the winter," said the priest.

"Oh, what does that matter?"

"What! What does it matter? It seems to me that when one has firing and food"for, after all""

"My God! my God!" she sighed.

"It is indigestion, no doubt? You must get home, Madame Bovary; drink a little tea, that will strengthen you, or else a glass of fresh water with a little moist sugar."

indigestion - une indigestion, indigestion

strengthen - renforcer, affermir, raffermir, fortifier

fresh water - de l'eau douce

"Why?" And she looked like one awaking from a dream.

awaking - le réveil, (awake) le réveil

"Well, you see, you were putting your hand to your forehead. I thought you felt faint." Then, bethinking himself, "But you were asking me something? What was it? I really don't remember."

"I? Nothing! nothing!" repeated Emma.

And the glance she cast round her slowly fell upon the old man in the cassock. They looked at one another face to face without speaking.

glance - regard, jeter un coup d’oil

"Then, Madame Bovary," he said at last, "excuse me, but duty first, you know; I must look after my good-for-nothings. The first communion will soon be upon us, and I fear we shall be behind after all. So after Ascension Day I keep them recta[11] an extra hour every Wednesday. Poor children!

Ascension Day - jour de l'Ascension

One cannot lead them too soon into the path of the Lord, as, moreover, he has himself recommended us to do by the mouth of his Divine Son. Good health to you, madame; my respects to your husband."

lead - du plomb

Lord - châtelain, seigneur, monsieur

recommended - recommandé, recommander, adviser, fr

[11] On the straight and narrow path.

And he went into the church making a genuflexion as soon as he reached the door.

genuflexion - génuflexion

Emma saw him disappear between the double row of forms, walking with a heavy tread, his head a little bent over his shoulder, and with his two hands half-open behind him.

Then she turned on her heel all of one piece, like a statue on a pivot, and went homewards. But the loud voice of the priest, the clear voices of the boys still reached her ears, and went on behind her.

heel - talon, alinéa

pivot - pivot, pivotement, pivoter

"Are you a Christian?"

Christian - chrétien, chrétienne, Christian

"Yes, I am a Christian."

"What is a Christian?"

"He who, being baptized-baptized-baptized""

She went up the steps of the staircase holding on to the banisters, and when she was in her room threw herself into an arm-chair.

banisters - les rampes d'escalier, rampe, balustre

The whitish light of the window-panes fell with soft undulations.

The furniture in its place seemed to have become more immobile, and to lose itself in the shadow as in an ocean of darkness. The fire was out, the clock went on ticking, and Emma vaguely marvelled at this calm of all things while within herself was such tumult.

immobile - immobile

ticking - tic-tac, (tic), tic

marvelled - émerveillé, etre

But little Berthe was there, between the window and the work-table, tottering on her knitted shoes, and trying to come to her mother to catch hold of the ends of her apron-strings.

"Leave me alone," said the latter, putting her from her with her hand.

The little girl soon came up closer against her knees, and leaning on them with her arms, she looked up with her large blue eyes, while a small thread of pure saliva dribbled from her lips on to the silk apron.

dribbled - dribblé, baver, goutter, dribbler, bave, goutte, dribble

"Leave me alone," repeated the young woman quite irritably.

irritably - avec irritation

Her face frightened the child, who began to scream.

scream - cri, crier

"Will you leave me alone?" she said, pushing her with her elbow.

pushing - poussant, pousser

Berthe fell at the foot of the drawers against the brass handle, cutting her cheek, which began to bleed, against it. Madame Bovary sprang to lift her up, broke the bell-rope, called for the servant with all her might, and she was just going to curse herself when Charles appeared. It was the dinner-hour; he had come home.

bleed - saigner, purger, prélever, fond perdu

lift - l'ascenseur, élevons, élevez, ascenseur, lever, ennoblir

curse - malédiction, maudire, maudisent, maudisons, blasphémer

"Look, dear!" said Emma, in a calm voice, "the little one fell down while she was playing, and has hurt herself."

Charles reassured her; the case was not a serious one, and he went for some sticking plaster.

reassured - rassuré, tranquilliser, rassurer, réassurer

sticking - coller, (stick) coller

Madame Bovary did not go downstairs to the dining-room; she wished to remain alone to look after the child. Then watching her sleep, the little anxiety she felt gradually wore off, and she seemed very stupid to herself, and very good to have been so worried just now at so little. Berthe, in fact, no longer sobbed.

go downstairs - descendre en bas

wore off - a disparu

sobbed - sangloté, fdp-p

Her breathing now imperceptibly raised the cotton covering. Big tears lay in the corner of the half-closed eyelids, through whose lashes one could see two pale sunken pupils; the plaster stuck on her cheek drew the skin obliquely.

imperceptibly - imperceptiblement

lay in - s'allonger

pupils - éleves, écolier/-iere

stuck on - coincé

"It is very strange," thought Emma, "how ugly this child is!"

When at eleven o'clock Charles came back from the chemist's shop, whither he had gone after dinner to return the remainder of the sticking-plaster, he found his wife standing by the cradle.

standing by - en attente

"I assure you it's nothing." he said, kissing her on the forehead. "Don't worry, my poor darling; you will make yourself ill."

Don't worry - Ne pas s'inquiéter

darling - chéri, chérie

He had stayed a long time at the chemist's. Although he had not seemed much moved, Homais, nevertheless, had exerted himself to buoy him up, to "keep up his spirits." Then they had talked of the various dangers that threaten childhood, of the carelessness of servants.

exerted - exercé, exercer

buoy - bouée, flotteur, balise, surnager

dangers - dangers, danger, péril, qualifier

threaten - menacer

carelessness - l'insouciance, négligence, incurie

Madame Homais knew something of it, having still upon her chest the marks left by a basin full of soup that a cook had formerly dropped on her pinafore, and her good parents took no end of trouble for her.

marks - marques, Marc

pinafore - chasuble, tablier

The knives were not sharpened, nor the floors waxed; there were iron gratings to the windows and strong bars across the fireplace; the little Homais, in spite of their spirit, could not stir without someone watching them; at the slightest cold their father stuffed them with pectorals; and until they were turned four they all, without pity, had to wear wadded head-protectors.

sharpened - aiguisé, affiler, affuter, aiguiser

gratings - grilles, grille

spirit - l'esprit, esprit, moral, élan, spiritueux

pectorals - pectoraux, pectoral

pity - compassion, pitié, dommage, honte, plaindre, avoir pitié de

protectors - protecteurs, protecteur, guardien

This, it is true, was a fancy of Madame Homais'; her husband was inwardly afflicted at it. Fearing the possible consequences of such compression to the intellectual organs. He even went so far as to say to her, "Do you want to make Caribs or Botocudos of them?"

inwardly - intérieurement

compression - compression, checkréduction, checkconcision

intellectual - intellectuel, intellectuelle, intello

organs - organes, organe, orgue

Charles, however, had several times tried to interrupt the conversation. "I should like to speak to you," he had whispered in the clerk's ear, who went upstairs in front of him.

interrupt - interrompre, couper

whispered - chuchoté, chuchotement, chuchoter, susurrer, murmurer

"Can he suspect anything?" LĂ©on asked himself. His heart beat, and he racked his brain with surmises.

suspect - suspecter, soupçonner, suspect

racked - en rack, porte-outils, étagere, porte-bagages, etc

surmises - des suppositions, présumer, supposer, suspecter

At last, Charles, having shut the door, asked him to see himself what would be the price at Rouen of a fine daguerreotypes. It was a sentimental surprise he intended for his wife, a delicate attention"his portrait in a frock-coat. But he wanted first to know "how much it would be." The inquiries would not put Monsieur LĂ©on out, since he went to town almost every week.

daguerreotypes - daguerréotypes, daguerréotype, daguerréotyper

intended - prévu, planifié, voulu, (intend), avoir l'intention

portrait - portrait

Why? Monsieur Homais suspected some "young man's affair" at the bottom of it, an intrigue. But he was mistaken. LĂ©on was after no love-making. He was sadder than ever, as Madame Lefrancois saw from the amount of food he left on his plate. To find out more about it she questioned the tax-collector. Binet answered roughly that he "wasn't paid by the police."

suspected - soupçonné, suspecter, soupçonner

affair - affaire, aventure, liaison

intrigue - intrigue, intriguer, conspirer

All the same, his companion seemed very strange to him, for LĂ©on often threw himself back in his chair, and stretching out his arms, complained vaguely of life.

"It's because you don't take enough recreation," said the collector.

"What recreation?"

"If I were you I'd have a lathe."

"But I don't know how to turn," answered the clerk.

"Ah! That's true," said the other, rubbing his chin with an air of mingled contempt and satisfaction.

That's true - C'est vrai

LĂ©on was weary of loving without any result; moreover he was beginning to feel that depression caused by the repetition of the same kind of life, when no interest inspires and no hope sustains it.

depression - la dépression, dépression

repetition - répétition

inspires - inspire, inspirer

sustains - soutient, maintenir, subvenir

He was so bored with Yonville and its inhabitants, that the sight of certain persons, of certain houses, irritated him beyond endurance; and the chemist, good fellow though he was, was becoming absolutely unbearable to him. Yet the prospect of a new condition of life frightened as much as it seduced him.

bored with - ennuyé de

endurance - l'endurance, endurance

absolutely - absolument

prospect - prospect, perspective, prospecter

condition - condition

This apprehension soon changed into impatience, and then Paris from afar sounded its fanfare of masked balls with the laugh of grisettes. As he was to finish reading there, why not set out at once? What prevented him? And he began making home-preparations; he arranged his occupations beforehand. He furnished in his head an apartment. He would lead an artist's life there!

Impatience - impatience

fanfare - fanfare

lead - plomb, guider, conduire, mener

He would take lessons on the guitar! He would have a dressing-gown, a Basque cap, blue velvet slippers! He even already was admiring two crossed foils over his chimney-piece, with a death's head on the guitar above them.

take lessons - prendre des leçons

basque - Basque, Basquais, Basquaise

admiring - admiratif, admirer

foils - feuilles, faire échouer

The difficulty was the consent of his mother; nothing, however, seemed more reasonable. Even his employer advised him to go to some other chambers where he could advance more rapidly.

consent - consentir, approuver, agréer, consentement, approbation

more reasonable - plus raisonnable

employer - l'employeur, employeur, employeuse

chambers - chambres, chambre, piece, salle

Taking a middle course, then, LĂ©on looked for some place as second clerk at Rouen; found none, and at last wrote his mother a long letter full of details, in which he set forth the reasons for going to live at Paris immediately. She consented.

some place - quelque part

consented - a consenti, consentir, approuver, agréer, consentement

He did not hurry.

Every day for a month Hivert carried boxes, valises, parcels for him from Yonville to Rouen and from Rouen to Yonville; and when LĂ©on had packed up his wardrobe, had his three arm-chairs restuffed, bought a stock of neckties, in a word, had made more preparations than for a voyage around the world, he put it off from week to week, until he received a second letter from his mother urging him to leave, since he wanted to pass his examination before the vacation.

valises - valises, sac de voyage

stock - stock, provision, stockage

neckties - cravates, cravate

Voyage - voyage

When the moment for the farewells had come, Madame Homais wept, Justin sobbed; Homais, as a man of nerve, concealed his emotion; he wished to carry his friend's overcoat himself as far as the gate of the notary, who was taking LĂ©on to Rouen in his carriage.

nerve - nerf, nervure, toupet, culot, cran

overcoat - pardessus, manteau

The latter had just time to bid farewell to Monsieur Bovary.

bid - offre, impératifs, prier

When he reached the head of the stairs, he stopped, he was so out of breath. As he came in, Madame Bovary arose hurriedly.

"It is I again!" said LĂ©on.

"I was sure of it!"

She bit her lips, and a rush of blood flowing under her skin made her red from the roots of her hair to the top of her collar. She remained standing, leaning with her shoulder against the wainscot.

wainscot - lambris, panneau

"The doctor is not here?" he went on.

"He is out." She repeated, "He is out."

Then there was silence. They looked at one another and their thoughts, confounded in the same agony, clung close together like two throbbing breasts.

agony - l'agonie, agonie, angoisse

clung - s'est accroché, s'accrocher (a)

"I should like to kiss Berthe," said LĂ©on.

Emma went down a few steps and called Félicité.

He threw one long look around him that took in the walls, the decorations, the fireplace, as if to penetrate everything, carry away everything. But she returned, and the servant brought Berthe, who was swinging a windmill roof downwards at the end of a string. LĂ©on kissed her several times on the neck.

decorations - décorations, décoration

penetrate - pénétrer

carry away - emporter

windmill - moulin a vent, moulin a vent

"Good-bye, poor child! good-bye, dear little one! good-bye!" And he gave her back to her mother.

"Take her away," she said.

They remained alone"Madame Bovary, her back turned, her face pressed against a window-pane; LĂ©on held his cap in his hand, knocking it softly against his thigh.

thigh - cuisse

"It is going to rain," said Emma.

"I have a cloak," he answered.

"Ah!"

She turned around, her chin lowered, her forehead bent forward.

The light fell on it as on a piece of marble, to the curve of the eyebrows, without one's being able to guess what Emma was seeing on the horizon or what she was thinking within herself.

"Well, good-bye," he sighed.

She raised her head with a quick movement.

"Yes, good-bye"go!"

They advanced towards each other; he held out his hand; she hesitated.

advanced - avancé, élever, avancer, avancée, progression, progres

"In the English fashion, then," she said, giving her own hand wholly to him, and forcing a laugh.

wholly - entierement

forcing - le forçage, force

LĂ©on felt it between his fingers, and the very essence of all his being seemed to pass down into that moist palm. Then he opened his hand; their eyes met again, and he disappeared.

essence - essence

met again - rencontré a nouveau

When he reached the market-place, he stopped and hid behind a pillar to look for the last time at this white house with the four green blinds.

pillar - pilier, pile

blinds - des stores, aveugle, mal-voyant, mal-voyante, store, blind

He thought he saw a shadow behind the window in the room; but the curtain, sliding along the pole as though no one were touching it, slowly opened its long oblique folds that spread out with a single movement, and thus hung straight and motionless as a plaster wall. LĂ©on set off running.

sliding - glissant, (slid) glissant

pole - pôle, poteau, pieu, Gaule, pole

From afar he saw his employer's gig in the road, and by it a man in a coarse apron holding the horse. Homais and Monsieur Guillaumin were talking. They were waiting for him.

gig - gig, concert

"Embrace me," said the druggist with tears in his eyes. "Here is your coat, my good friend. Mind the cold; take care of yourself; look after yourself."

"Come, LĂ©on, jump in," said the notary.

Homais bent over the splash-board, and in a voice broken by sobs uttered these three sad words"

splash - splash, plouf, bruit, éclaboussure, éclabousser, asperger

"A pleasant journey!"

"Good-night," said Monsieur Guillaumin. "Give him his head." They set out, and Homais went back.

Madame Bovary had opened her window overlooking the garden and watched the clouds. They gathered around the sunset on the side of Rouen and then swiftly rolled back their black columns, behind which the great rays of the sun looked out like the golden arrows of a suspended trophy, while the rest of the empty heavens was white as porcelain.

rolled - roulé, rouleau

trophy - trophée

But a gust of wind bowed the poplars, and suddenly the rain fell; it pattered against the green leaves.

gust - rafale

pattered - patinés, crépiter

Then the sun reappeared, the hens clucked, sparrows shook their wings in the damp thickets, and the pools of water on the gravel as they flowed away carried off the pink flowers of an acacia.

reappeared - réapparaît, réapparaître

hens - poules, poule

clucked - gloussé, gloussement, glousser

sparrows - moineaux, moineau, bruant, piaf

gravel - graviers, gravillons, gravier

carried off - emportés

"Ah! how far off he must be already!" she thought.

Monsieur Homais, as usual, came at half-past six during dinner.

"Well," said he, "so we've sent off our young friend!"

"So it seems," replied the doctor. Then turning on his chair; "Any news at home?"

turning on - Allumer

"Nothing much. Only my wife was a little moved this afternoon. You know women"a nothing upsets them, especially my wife. And we should be wrong to object to that, since their nervous organization is much more malleable than ours."

upsets - des bouleversements, fâché, dérangé, perturbé, bouleversé

object to - s'opposer a

organization - l'organisation, organisation

malleable - malléable

"Poor LĂ©on!" said Charles. "How will he live at Paris? Will he get used to it?"

Madame Bovary sighed.

"Get along!" said the chemist, smacking his lips. "The outings at restaurants, the masked balls, the champagne"all that'll be jolly enough, I assure you."

smacking - la gifle, (smack) la gifle

outings - sorties, outing

"I don't think he'll go wrong," objected Bovary.

go wrong - Aller mal

"Nor do I," said Monsieur Homais quickly; "although he'll have to do like the rest for fear of passing for a Jesuit. And you don't know what a life those dogs lead in the Latin quarter with actresses. Besides, students are thought a great deal of in Paris.

Jesuit - jésuite

Provided they have a few accomplishments, they are received in the best society; there are even ladies of the Faubourg Saint-Germain who fall in love with them, which subsequently furnishes them opportunities for making very good matches."

provided - fourni, fournir, procurer, pourvoir

Faubourg - faubourg, rench:

furnishes - meubles, meubler, fournir, livrer

opportunities - des opportunités, occasion, opportunité, occasion favorable

matches - des correspondances, allumette

"But," said the doctor, "I fear for him that down there""

"You are right," interrupted the chemist; "that is the reverse of the medal. And one is constantly obliged to keep one's hand in one's pocket there. Thus, we will suppose you are in a public garden. An individual presents himself, well dressed, even wearing an order, and whom one would take for a diplomatist.

the reverse - l'inverse

medal - médaille

suppose - supposer, imaginer

take for - prendre pour

diplomatist - diplomate

He approaches you, he insinuates himself; offers you a pinch of snuff, or picks up your hat. Then you become more intimate; he takes you to a cafe, invites you to his country-house, introduces you, between two drinks, to all sorts of people; and three-fourths of the time it's only to plunder your watch or lead you into some pernicious step.

approaches - approches, (s')approcher (de)

insinuates - insinue, insinuer

offers - offres, offrir, proposer

pinch - pincer, chiper, pincement, pincée

snuff - tabac a priser, coryza

picks - pics, pioche, passe-partout, choix, écran, prendre, cueillir

more intimate - plus intime

plunder - le pillage, piller, checkravager, pillage, butin

pernicious - pernicieux

"That is true," said Charles; "but I was thinking especially of illnesses"of typhoid fever, for example, that attacks students from the provinces."

typhoid - la typhoide, typhus

fever - de la fievre, fievre

attacks - des attaques, attaque, attaquer, apostropher

Emma shuddered.

"Because of the change of regimen," continued the chemist, "and of the perturbation that results therefrom in the whole system. And then the water at Paris, don't you know! The dishes at restaurants, all the spiced food, end by heating the blood, and are not worth, whatever people may say of them, a good soup. For my own part, I have always preferred plain living; it is more healthy.

therefrom - de cette façon

spiced - épicé, épice

heating - le chauffage, chauffage

So when I was studying pharmacy at Rouen, I boarded in a boarding house; I dined with the professors."

boarded - embarqué, planche

boarding house - Une pension de famille

professors - professeurs, professeur, professeure, prof, professeuse

And thus he went on, expounding his opinions generally and his personal likings, until Justin came to fetch him for a mulled egg that was wanted.

expounding - l'exposé, préciser, expliciter

"Not a moment's peace!" he cried; "always at it! I can't go out for a minute! Like a plough-horse, I have always to be moiling and toiling. What drudgery!" Then, when he was at the door, "By the way, do you know the news?"

moiling - moiling, (moil) moiling

toiling - au travail, lancinant, (toil), travailler

drudgery - la pénibilité, corvée

"What news?"

"That it is very likely," Homais went on, raising his eyebrows and assuming one of his most serious expression, "that the agricultural meeting of the Seine-Inferieure will be held this year at Yonville-l'Abbaye. The rumour, at all events, is going the round. This morning the paper alluded to it. It would be of the utmost importance for our district. But we'll talk it over later on.

assuming - en supposant, assumant, (assume), supposer, présupposer

most serious - le plus grave

rumour - rumeur, bruit

at all events - a tous les événements

alluded - allusion, alluder, faire allusion, suggérer

utmost - le plus important, extreme, plus grand, supreme, maximum

district - district, checkrégion

I can see, thank you; Justin has the lantern."

Chapter Seven

The next day was a dreary one for Emma. Everything seemed to her enveloped in a black atmosphere floating confusedly over the exterior of things, and sorrow was engulfed within her soul with soft shrieks such as the winter wind makes in ruined castles.

enveloped - enveloppé, enveloppe

confusedly - confusément

exterior - extérieur

engulfed - englouti, submerger, engloutir, engouffrer

shrieks - des cris, hurlement, crier

It was that reverie which we give to things that will not return, the lassitude that seizes you after everything was done; that pain, in fine, that the interruption of every wonted movement, the sudden cessation of any prolonged vibration, brings on.

lassitude - lassitude

seizes - saisit, saisir

interruption - interruption

cessation - l'arret, cessation

prolonged - prolongée, prolonger

vibration - vibration

As on the return from Vaubyessard, when the quadrilles were running in her head, she was full of a gloomy melancholy, of a numb despair. LĂ©on reappeared, taller, handsomer, more charming, more vague. Though separated from her, he had not left her; he was there, and the walls of the house seemed to hold his shadow.

gloomy - morose, lugubre, sombre, terne, maussade

numb - gourd, engourdi, engourdir, endormir, anesthésier

handsomer - plus beau, beau

more charming - plus charmant

She could not detach her eyes from the carpet where he had walked, from those empty chairs where he had sat. The river still flowed on, and slowly drove its ripples along the slippery banks.

detach - se détacher, détacher

ripples - ondulations, ondulation

They had often walked there to the murmur of the waves over the moss-covered pebbles. How bright the sun had been! What happy afternoons they had seen alone in the shade at the end of the garden! He read aloud, bareheaded, sitting on a footstool of dry sticks; the fresh wind of the meadow set trembling the leaves of the book and the nasturtiums of the arbour. Ah!

pebbles - des cailloux, galet, gravillon

read aloud - Lire a haute voix

bareheaded - tete nue

nasturtiums - les capucines, capucine

he was gone, the only charm of her life, the only possible hope of joy. Why had she not seized this happiness when it came to her? Why not have kept hold of it with both hands, with both knees, when it was about to flee from her? And she cursed herself for not having loved LĂ©on. She thirsted for his lips.

cursed - maudis, maudite, maudites, maudits, maudit, (curs) maudis

thirsted - assoiffé, soif, avoir soif, désirer

The wish took possession of her to run after and rejoin him, throw herself into his arms and say to him, "It is I; I am yours." But Emma recoiled beforehand at the difficulties of the enterprise, and her desires, increased by regret, became only the more acute.

took possession of - a pris possession de

run after - courir apres

rejoin - rejoins, rejoignons, rejoignez, rejoignent

recoiled - a reculé, recul, reculer

enterprise - l'entreprise, entreprise, venture, initiative

more acute - plus aiguë

Henceforth the memory of LĂ©on was the centre of her boredom; it burnt there more brightly than the fire travellers have left on the snow of a Russian steppe.

brightly - brillante, clairement, précisément

travellers - voyageurs, voyageur, voyageuse

Russian - russe, ruthénien, langue russe, langue de Tolstoi

steppe - steppe

She sprang towards him, she pressed against him, she stirred carefully the dying embers, sought all around her anything that could revive it; and the most distant reminiscences, like the most immediate occasions, what she experienced as well as what she imagined, her voluptuous desires that were unsatisfied, her projects of happiness that crackled in the wind like dead boughs, her sterile virtue, her lost hopes, the domestic tĂŞte-Ă -tĂŞte"she gathered it all up, took everything, and made it all serve as fuel for her melancholy.

reminiscences - des réminiscences, réminiscence

voluptuous - voluptueux

unsatisfied - insatisfait

boughs - rameaux, branche

sterile - stérile

virtue - la vertu, vertu

serve - service, servir, signifier, purger

fuel - carburant, combustible, alimenter, attiser

The flames, however, subsided, either because the supply had exhausted itself, or because it had been piled up too much. Love, little by little, was quelled by absence; regret stifled beneath habit; and this incendiary light that had empurpled her pale sky was overspread and faded by degrees.

flames - flammes, flamme, polémique

quelled - étouffée, réprimer

incendiary - incendiaire

overspread - se répandre

by degrees - par degrés

In the supineness of her conscience she even took her repugnance towards her husband for aspirations towards her lover, the burning of hate for the warmth of tenderness; but as the tempest still raged, and as passion burnt itself down to the very cinders, and no help came, no sun rose, there was night on all sides, and she was lost in the terrible cold that pierced her.

supineness - la supériorité

conscience - conscience

repugnance - répugnance

raged - enragée, rage, furie, fureur, courroux, rager, faire rage

Then the evil days of Tostes began again. She thought herself now far more unhappy; for she had the experience of grief, with the certainty that it would not end.

evil - le mal, mauvais, torve

grief - le chagrin, douleur, peine

certainty - certitude

A woman who had laid on herself such sacrifices could well allow herself certain whims.

laid on - posée

allow - laisser, accorder, permettre

whims - des caprices, caprice

She bought a Gothic prie-dieu, and in a month spent fourteen francs on lemons for polishing her nails; she wrote to Rouen for a blue cashmere gown; she chose one of Lheureux's finest scarves, and wore it knotted around her waist over her dressing-gown; and, with closed blinds and a book in her hand, she lay stretched out on a couch in this garb.

lemons - des citrons, citron, citronnier, chiotte, qualifier

polishing - le polissage, égrisage, polissant

cashmere - du cachemire, cachemire

couch - canapé, divan

She often changed her coiffure; she did her hair a la Chinoise, in flowing curls, in plaited coils; she parted in on one side and rolled it under like a man's.

coiffure - coiffure

plaited - tressé, pli

Coils - bobines, enrouler

She wanted to learn Italian; she bought dictionaries, a grammar, and a supply of White Paper. She tried serious reading, history, and philosophy. Sometimes in the night Charles woke up with a start, thinking he was being called to a patient. "I'm coming," he stammered; and it was the noise of a match Emma had struck to relight the lamp.

Grammar - grammaire

White Paper - Papier Blanc

Philosophy - philosophie

being called - etre appelé

match - match, s'entremettre, allumette, concorder

relight - rallumer

But her reading fared like her piece of embroidery, all of which, only just begun, filled her cupboard; she took it up, left it, passed on to other books.

She had attacks in which she could easily have been driven to commit any folly. She maintained one day, in opposition to her husband, that she could drink off a large glass of brandy, and, as Charles was stupid enough to dare her to, she swallowed the brandy to the last drop.

commit - s'engager, confier, commettre, remettre, consigner, commit

folly - folie, sottise

opposition - l'opposition, opposition

In spite of her vapourish airs (as the housewives of Yonville called them), Emma, all the same, never seemed gay, and usually she had at the corners of her mouth that immobile contraction that puckers the faces of old maids, and those of men whose ambition has failed. She was pale all over, white as a sheet; the skin of her nose was drawn at the nostrils, her eyes looked at you vaguely.

vapourish - vaporeux

contraction - contraction

puckers - des puckers, (se) plisser

maids - servantes, demoiselle, jeune fille, bonne, bonne a tout faire

After discovering three grey hairs on her temples, she talked much of her old age.

discovering - découvrir

She often fainted. One day she even spat blood, and, as Charles fussed around her showing his anxiety"

fussed - fussent-ils inquiets, agitation, histoires-p, s’agiter

"Bah!" she answered, "what does it matter?"

Bah - bah

Charles fled to his study and wept there, both his elbows on the table, sitting in an arm-chair at his bureau under the phrenological head.

Then he wrote to his mother begging her to come, and they had many long consultations together on the subject of Emma.

begging - la mendicité, (beg) la mendicité

What should they decide? What was to be done since she rejected all medical treatment? "Do you know what your wife wants?" replied Madame Bovary senior.

medical - médicale, médical

treatment - traitement

"She wants to be forced to occupy herself with some manual work. If she were obliged, like so many others, to earn her living, she wouldn't have these vapours, that come to her from a lot of ideas she stuffs into her head, and from the idleness in which she lives."

occupy - occuper, habiter

manual - manuel

stuffs - trucs, truc, substance (1), frachin (2), fr

"Yet she is always busy," said Charles.

"Ah! always busy at what? Reading novels, bad books, works against religion, and in which they mock at priests in speeches taken from Voltaire. But all that leads you far astray, my poor child. Anyone who has no religion always ends by turning out badly."

Mock - se moquer, imitation, succédané, moquerie, examen blanc

turning out - en train de s'éteindre

So it was decided to stop Emma reading novels. The enterprise did not seem easy. The good lady undertook it. She was, when she passed through Rouen, to go herself to the lending-library and represent that Emma had discontinued her subscription. Would they not have a right to apply to the police if the librarian persisted all the same in his poisonous trade?

undertook - a entrepris, entreprendre

lending - pretant, (lend) pretant

represent - représenter, constituer, représentez, représentons

discontinued - interrompue, discontinuer, arreter, interrompre

apply - s'appliquent, applique, solicitez, solicitent, appliquent

librarian - bibliothécaire, archiviste

poisonous - toxiques

The farewells of mother and daughter-in-law were cold. During the three weeks that they had been together they had not exchanged half-a-dozen words apart from the inquiries and phrases when they met at table and in the evening before going to bed.

Madame Bovary left on a Wednesday, the market-day at Yonville.

The Place since morning had been blocked by a row of carts, which, on end and their shafts in the air, spread all along the line of houses from the church to the inn. On the other side there were canvas booths, where cotton checks, blankets, and woollen stockings were sold, together with harness for horses, and packets of blue ribbon, whose ends fluttered in the wind.

blocked - bloqué, bloc

booths - cabines, stand, échoppe, cabine, guérite, box

blankets - couvertures, couverture, général, recouvrir, couvrir

woollen - lainage

The coarse hardware was spread out on the ground between pyramids of eggs and hampers of cheeses, from which sticky straw stuck out.

Hardware - le matériel, matériel, quincaillerie, arme a feu

sticky - collant, gluant

stuck out - coincé

Near the corn-machines clucking hens passed their necks through the bars of flat cages. The people, crowding in the same place and unwilling to move thence, sometimes threatened to smash the shop front of the chemist. On Wednesdays his shop was never empty, and the people pushed in less to buy drugs than for consultations. So great was Homais'reputation in the neighbouring villages.

cages - cages, cage, encager

crowding - l'encombrement, foule

thence - d'ou, des lors

threatened - menacé, menacer

smash - smash, fracasser, percuter, écraser

pushed in - poussé

drugs - des drogues, médicament

His robust aplomb had fascinated the rustics. They considered him a greater doctor than all the doctors.

robust - robuste

fascinated - fasciné, fasciner

Emma was leaning out at the window; she was often there. The window in the provinces replaces the theatre and the promenade, she was amusing herself with watching the crowd of boors when she saw a gentleman in a green velvet coat.

replaces - remplace, remplacer

promenade - promenade, promenoir, promener

boors - les rustres, rustre

He had on yellow gloves, although he wore heavy gaiters; he was coming towards the doctor's house, followed by a peasant walking with a bent head and quite a thoughtful air.

thoughtful - réfléchie, réfléchi, attentionné

"Can I see the doctor?" he asked Justin, who was talking on the doorsteps with Félicité, and, taking him for a servant of the house""Tell him that Monsieur Rodolphe Boulanger of La Huchette is here."

doorsteps - pas de porte, seuil

It was not from territorial vanity that the new arrival added "of La Huchette" to his name, but to make himself the better known.

territorial - territoriale, territorial

new arrival - nouveau venu

La Huchette, in fact, was an estate near Yonville, where he had just bought the château and two farms that he cultivated himself, without, however, troubling very much about them. He lived as a bachelor, and was supposed to have "at least fifteen thousand francs a year."

estate - patrimoine, noblesse, proprieté, biens, domaine, propriété

bachelor - célibataire, licence

supposed - supposé, supposer, imaginer

Charles came into the room. Monsieur Boulanger introduced his man, who wanted to be bled because he felt "a tingling all over."

tingling - picotements, picotement, (tingle), picoter

"That'll purge me," he urged as an objection to all reasoning.

purge - épuration, purge, éliminer

objection - objection

So Bovary ordered a bandage and a basin, and asked Justin to hold it. Then addressing the peasant, who was already pale"

bandage - bandage, pansement, panser

"Don't be afraid, my lad."

"No, no, sir," said the other; "get on."

And with an air of bravado he held out his great arm. At the prick of the lancet the blood spurted out, splashing against the looking-glass.

spurted - a jailli, jaillir

splashing - éclaboussures, (splash), plouf, bruit, éclaboussure

"Hold the basin nearer," exclaimed Charles.

"Lor!" said the peasant, "one would swear it was a little fountain flowing. How red my blood is! That's a good sign, isn't it?"

isn't it? - n'est-ce pas ?

"Sometimes," answered the doctor, "one feels nothing at first, and then syncope sets in, and more especially with people of strong constitution like this man."

syncope - syncope, pâmoison

At these words the rustic let go the lancet-case he was twisting between his fingers. A shudder of his shoulders made the chair-back creak. His hat fell off.

twisting - torsion, (twist), twist, entortiller, tordre

creak - grincement, craquement, craquer

"I thought as much," said Bovary, pressing his finger on the vein.

pressing - pressant, (pres) pressant

vein - veine

The basin was beginning to tremble in Justin's hands; his knees shook, he turned pale.

tremble - trembler, vibrer, tremblement, vibration

"Emma! Emma!" called Charles.

With one bound she came down the staircase.

"Some vinegar," he cried. "O dear! two at once!"

And in his emotion he could hardly put on the compress.

compress - compresser, comprimer, comprimons, comprimez, compriment

"It is nothing," said Monsieur Boulanger quietly, taking Justin in his arms. He seated him on the table with his back resting against the wall.

Madame Bovary began taking off his cravat. The strings of his shirt had got into a knot, and she was for some minutes moving her light fingers about the young fellow's neck. Then she poured some vinegar on her cambric handkerchief; she moistened his temples with little dabs, and then blew upon them softly.

taking off - Décoller

moistened - humidifié, humidifier, mouiller

The ploughman revived, but Justin's syncope still lasted, and his eyeballs disappeared in the pale sclerotics like blue flowers in milk.

ploughman - laboureur

eyeballs - les globes oculaires, globe oculaire, évaluer a vue de nez

"We must hide this from him," said Charles.

Madame Bovary took the basin to put it under the table. With the movement she made in bending down, her dress (it was a summer dress with four flounces, yellow, long in the waist and wide in the skirt) spread out around her on the flags of the room; and as Emma stooping, staggered a little as she stretched out her arms.

bending down - en se baissant

summer dress - une robe d'été

stooping - se baisser

staggered - en décalé, tituber

The stuff here and there gave with the inflections of her bust.

Then she went to fetch a bottle of water, and she was melting some pieces of sugar when the chemist arrived. The servant had been to fetch him in the tumult. Seeing his pupil's eyes staring he drew a long breath; then going around him he looked at him from head to foot.

"Fool!" he said, "really a little fool! A fool in four letters! A phlebotomy's a big affair, isn't it! And a fellow who isn't afraid of anything; a kind of squirrel, just as he is who climbs to vertiginous heights to shake down nuts. Oh, yes! you just talk to me, boast about yourself!

squirrel - écureuil

vertiginous - vertigineux

boast - se vanter, vantent, vantez, vantons, fanfaronner, vanter

Here's a fine fitness for practising pharmacy later on; for under serious circumstances you may be called before the tribunals in order to enlighten the minds of the magistrates, and you would have to keep your head then, to reason, show yourself a man, or else pass for an imbecile."

fitness - la forme physique, condition physique, fitness

circumstances - circonstances, circonstance

Tribunals - tribunaux, tribunal

enlighten - éclairer, informer

minds - les esprits, esprit, t+raison, t+intelligence, mémoire

magistrates - magistrats, magistrat

Justin did not answer. The chemist went on"

"Who asked you to come? You are always pestering the doctor and madame. On Wednesday, moreover, your presence is indispensable to me. There are now twenty people in the shop. I left everything because of the interest I take in you. Come, get along! Sharp! Wait for me, and keep an eye on the jars."

indispensable - indispensable

When Justin, who was rearranging his dress, had gone, they talked for a little while about fainting-fits. Madame Bovary had never fainted.

rearranging - réarrangement, réorganiser, réarranger

fits - s'adapte, en forme

"That is extraordinary for a lady," said Monsieur Boulanger; "but some people are very susceptible. Thus in a duel, I have seen a second lose consciousness at the mere sound of the loading of pistols."

susceptible - sensible, susceptible

duel - duel, croiser le fer

consciousness - la conscience, conscience

loading - chargement, charge, rench: t-needed r, (load)

pistols - pistolets, pistolet

"For my part," said the chemist, "the sight of other people's blood doesn't affect me at all, but the mere thought of my own flowing would make me faint if I reflected upon it too much."

affect - affecter, affectez, influer, concernent, affectons

Monsieur Boulanger, however, dismissed his servant, advising him to calm himself, since his fancy was over.

dismissed - licencié, renvoyer, limoger, licencier, démettre

advising - conseiller, renseigner

"It procured me the advantage of making your acquaintance," he added, and he looked at Emma as he said this. Then he put three francs on the corner of the table, bowed negligently, and went out.

procured - procuré, acquérir, obtenir, proxénétisme, procurer

negligently - par négligence

He was soon on the other side of the river (this was his way back to La Huchette), and Emma saw him in the meadow, walking under the poplars, slackening his pace now and then as one who reflects.

slackening - un ralentissement, (slacken) un ralentissement

reflects - réfléchit, refléter, réfléchir

"She is very pretty," he said to himself; "she is very pretty, this doctor's wife. Fine teeth, black eyes, a dainty foot, a figure like a Parisienne's. Where the devil does she come from? Wherever did that fat fellow pick her up?"

wherever - ou

Monsieur Rodolphe Boulanger was thirty-four; he was of brutal temperament and intelligent perspicacity, having, moreover, had much to do with women, and knowing them well. This one had seemed pretty to him; so he was thinking about her and her husband.

brutal - brutal

intelligent - intelligent

perspicacity - perspicacité

"I think he is very stupid. She is tired of him, no doubt. He has dirty nails, and hasn't shaved for three days. While he is trotting after his patients, she sits there botching socks. And she gets bored! She would like to live in town and dance polkas every evening. Poor little woman! She is gaping after love like a carp after water on a kitchen-table.

botching - bâclage, (botch) bâclage

socks - chaussettes

polkas - polkas, polka

Carp - la carpe, carpe

With three words of gallantry she'd adore one, I'm sure of it. She'd be tender, charming. Yes; but how to get rid of her afterwards?"

gallantry - la galanterie, courage, galanterie

Then the difficulties of love-making seen in the distance made him by contrast think of his mistress. She was an actress at Rouen, whom he kept; and when he had pondered over this image, with which, even in remembrance, he was satiated"

contrast - contraste, contraster

pondered - réfléchi, songer, réfléchir, interroger

"Ah! Madame Bovary," he thought, "is much prettier, especially fresher. Virginie is decidedly beginning to grow fat. She is so finiky about her pleasures; and, besides, she has a mania for prawns."

fresher - plus frais, étudiant de premiere année, (fresh) plus frais

decidedly - résolument, décidément, clairement

prawns - des crevettes, crevette rose

The fields were empty, and around him Rodolphe only heard the regular beating of the grass striking against his boots, with a cry of the grasshopper hidden at a distance among the oats. He again saw Emma in her room, dressed as he had seen her, and he undressed her.

grasshopper - sauterelle, petit scarabée

"Oh, I will have her," he cried, striking a blow with his stick at a clod in front of him. And he at once began to consider the political part of the enterprise. He asked himself"

clod - motte, cruche, andouille

Consider - envisager, considérer, examiner, réfléchir, songer

"Where shall we meet? By what means? We shall always be having the brat on our hands, and the servant, the neighbours, and husband, all sorts of worries. Pshaw! one would lose too much time over it."

brat - morveux, bambin, gamin

worries - des inquiétudes, inquiéter

Pshaw - pshaw

Then he resumed, "She really has eyes that pierce one's heart like a gimlet. And that pale complexion! I adore pale women!"

pierce - percer, perforage

gimlet - vrille, gimlet, vriller

When he reached the top of the Arguiel hills he had made up his mind. "It's only finding the opportunities. Well, I will call in now and then. I'll send them venison, poultry; I'll have myself bled, if need be. We shall become friends; I'll invite them to my place. By Jove!" added he, "there's the agricultural show coming on. She'll be there. I shall see her.

call in - appeler

venison - du chevreuil, viande de biche, venaison, gibier

become friends - Devenir amis

Jove - jove, Jupin

agricultural show - Salon agricole

We'll begin boldly, for that's the surest way."

boldly - hardiment

Chapter Eight

At last it came, the famous agricultural show. On the morning of the solemnity all the inhabitants at their doors were chatting over the preparations.

solemnity - solennité

chatting - le bavardage, bavarder

The pediment of the town hall had been hung with garlands of ivy; a tent had been erected in a meadow for the banquet; and in the middle of the Place, in front of the church, a kind of bombarde was to announce the arrival of the prefect and the names of the successful farmers who had obtained prizes.

pediment - fronton

garlands - des guirlandes, guirlande, rench: -neededr

ivy - le lierre, lierre

tent - tente

erected - érigé, droit, dressé

banquet - banquet, festin

announce - annoncer

prefect - préfet

obtained - obtenu, obtenir, se procurer, réussir, avoir succes, avoir

The National Guard of Buchy (there was none at Yonville) had come to join the corps of firemen, of whom Binet was captain. On that day he wore a collar even higher than usual; and, tightly buttoned in his tunic, his figure was so stiff and motionless that the whole vital portion of his person seemed to have descended into his legs, which rose in a cadence of set steps with a single movement.

national - nationale, national

corps - corps, (corp) corps

firemen - les pompiers, chauffeur

buttoned - boutonné, bouton

tunic - tunique

vital - vitale, vital

descended - descendu, descendre

As there was some rivalry between the tax-collector and the colonel, both, to show off their talents, drilled their men separately. One saw the red epaulettes and the black breastplates pass and re-pass alternately; there was no end to it, and it constantly began again. There had never been such a display of pomp.

rivalry - rivalité

Colonel - colonel

talents - talents, talent

drilled - percé, percer

separately - séparément

epaulettes - épaulettes, épaulette

breastplates - des cuirasses, cuirasse, poitrail, plastron

alternately - en alternance

display - l'affichage, représentation, spectacle, moniteur, écran

Several citizens had scoured their houses the evening before; tri-coloured flags hung from half-open windows; all the public-houses were full; and in the lovely weather the starched caps, the golden crosses, and the coloured neckerchiefs seemed whiter than snow, shone in the sun, and relieved with the motley colours the sombre monotony of the frock-coats and blue smocks.

lovely - charmant, beau, cher, irritant, amene, délicieux

starched - amidonné, amidon, rigidité, appret, empois, cati

crosses - croisements, crosse

neckerchiefs - des cravates, foulard

smocks - des blouses, blouse

The neighbouring farmers'wives, when they got off their horses, pulled out the long pins that fastened around them their dresses, turned up for fear of mud; and the husbands, for their part, in order to save their hats, kept their handkerchiefs around them, holding one corner between their teeth.

pins - épingles, épingle

save - sauver, sauvegarder, épargner, préserver, protéger

The crowd came into the main street from both ends of the village. People poured in from the lanes, the alleys, the houses; and from time to time one heard knockers banging against doors closing behind women with their gloves, who were going out to see the fete. What was most admired were two long lamp-stands covered with lanterns, that flanked a platform on which the authorities were to sit.

poured in - versée

alleys - les allées, ruelle, allée

banging - banging, détonation

fete - fete, kermesse, feter

authorities - autorités, autorité

Besides this there were against the four columns of the town hall four kinds of poles, each bearing a small standard of greenish cloth, embellished with inscriptions in gold letters.

Standard - standard, étalon, étendard

greenish - verdâtre, verdouillard

embellished - embelli, embellir

On one was written, "To Commerce"; on the other, "To Agriculture"; on the third, "To Industry"; and on the fourth, "To the fine arts."

industry - l'industrie, industrie

fine arts - les beaux-arts

But the jubilation that brightened all faces seemed to darken that of Madame Lefrancois, the innkeeper. Standing on her kitchen-steps she muttered to herself, "What rubbish! what rubbish! With their canvas booth! Do they think the prefect will be glad to dine down there under a tent like a gipsy? They call all this fussing doing good to the place!

innkeeper - l'aubergiste, tavernier, hôtelier, aubergiste

muttered - marmonné, marmonner

booth - kiosque, stand, échoppe, cabine, guérite, box

be glad - etre heureux

gipsy - Gipsy

fussing - l'agitation, agitation, histoires-p, s’agiter, s’empresser

Then it wasn't worth while sending to Neufchâtel for the keeper of a cookshop! And for whom? For cowherds! tatterdemalions!"

cookshop - atelier de cuisine

cowherds - vaches, vacher, vachere, bouvier, bouviere

tatterdemalions - tatterdemalions, loqueteux

The druggist was passing. He had on a frock-coat, nankeen trousers, beaver shoes, and, for a wonder, a hat with a low crown.

beaver - castor

"Your servant! Excuse me, I am in a hurry." And as the fat widow asked where he was going"

"It seems odd to you, doesn't it, I who am always more cooped up in my laboratory than the man's rat in his cheese."

odd - rench: t-needed r, bizarre, étrange, impair, a peu pres

cooped - enfermé, cage, poulailler

rat - rat

"What cheese?" asked the landlady.

"Oh, nothing! nothing!" Homais continued. "I merely wished to convey to you, Madame Lefrancois, that I usually live at home like a recluse. To-day, however, considering the circumstances, it is necessary""

merely - simplement, uniquement, seulement

convey - transmettre, transporter, véhiculer, communiquer

recluse - reclus, recluse

"Oh, you're going down there!" she said contemptuously.

contemptuously - avec mépris

"Yes, I am going," replied the druggist, astonished. "Am I not a member of the consulting commission?"

commission - commission, commission d'agent immobilier, courtage, charger

Mere Lefrancois looked at him for a few moments, and ended by saying with a smile"

"That's another pair of shoes! But what does agriculture matter to you? Do you understand anything about it?"

"Certainly I understand it, since I am a druggist"that is to say, a chemist. And the object of chemistry, Madame Lefrancois, being the knowledge of the reciprocal and molecular action of all natural bodies, it follows that agriculture is comprised within its domain.

chemistry - chimie

knowledge - connaissance, science, connaissances, savoir

reciprocal - réciproque, inverse

molecular - moléculaire

comprised - compris, contenir, comprendre, etre composé de

domain - domaine, domaine de définition

And, in fact, the composition of the manure, the fermentation of liquids, the analyses of gases, and the influence of miasmata, what, I ask you, is all this, if it isn't chemistry, pure and simple?"

liquids - des liquides, liquide

analyses - analyses, analyse

gases - des gaz, gaz

The landlady did not answer. Homais went on"

"Do you think that to be an agriculturist it is necessary to have tilled the earth or fattened fowls oneself? It is necessary rather to know the composition of the substances in question"the geological strata, the atmospheric actions, the quality of the soil, the minerals, the waters, the density of the different bodies, their capillarity, and what not.

agriculturist - agriculteur

fattened - engraissé, engraisser, grossir

substances - substances, substance, fond, biens-p

strata - strates, (stratum), couche, strate, stratum, classe

atmospheric - atmosphérique

quality - qualité

minerals - des minéraux, minéral

density - masse volumique, densité

capillarity - capillarité

And one must be master of all the principles of hygiene in order to direct, criticize the construction of buildings, the feeding of animals, the diet of domestics.

Direct - direct, mettre en scene, ordonner

criticize - critiquer

construction - construction

domestics - domestiques, domestique, qualifieramily

And, moreover, Madame Lefrancois, one must know botany, be able to distinguish between plants, you understand, which are the wholesome and those that are deleterious, which are unproductive and which nutritive, if it is well to pull them up here and re-sow them there, to propagate some, destroy others; in brief, one must keep pace with science by means of pamphlets and public papers, be always on the alert to find out improvements."

wholesome - salubre, sain, vertueux

deleterious - délétere

unproductive - improductif

sow - semer, semons, ensemencez, sement, ensemençons

propagate - se propager

destroy - détruire, euthanasier

brief - bref, court

pamphlets - des brochures, pamphlet

on the alert - sur le qui-vive

improvements - des améliorations, amélioration

The landlady never took her eyes off the "Cafe Francois" and the chemist went on"

"Would to God our agriculturists were chemists, or that at least they would pay more attention to the counsels of science.

agriculturists - les agriculteurs, agriculteur

chemists - chimistes, chimiste

counsels - conseils, conseil, expertise, plan, projet

Thus lately I myself wrote a considerable tract, a memoir of over seventy-two pages, entitled, ˜Cider, its Manufacture and its Effects, together with some New Reflections on the Subject,'that I sent to the Agricultural Society of Rouen, and which even procured me the honour of being received among its members"Section, Agriculture; Class, Pomological.

tract - tract, étendue

memoir - mémoire, mémoires

entitled - habilité, intituler

manufacture - fabrication, production, produit, fabriquer, produire

Well, if my work had been given to the public"" But the druggist stopped, Madame Lefrancois seemed so preoccupied.

preoccupied - préoccupé, préoccuper

"Just look at them!" she said. "It's past comprehension! Such a cookshop as that!" And with a shrug of the shoulders that stretched out over her breast the stitches of her knitted bodice, she pointed with both hands at her rival's inn, whence songs were heard issuing. "Well, it won't last long," she added. "It'll be over before a week."

comprehension - compréhension, entendement

shrug - haussement d'épaules, hausser les épaules

rival - rival, rivale, rivaliser

issuing - l'émission, sortie, émission, livraison, délivrance

Homais drew back with stupefaction. She came down three steps and whispered in his ear"

"What! you didn't know it? There is to be an execution in next week. It's Lheureux who is selling him out; he has killed him with bills."

execution - l'exécution, exécution

"What a terrible catastrophe!" cried the druggist, who always found expressions in harmony with all imaginable circumstances.

catastrophe - catastrophe

expressions - expressions, expression

harmony - l'harmonie, harmonie

imaginable - imaginable

Then the landlady began telling him the story that she had heard from Theodore, Monsieur Guillaumin's servant, and although she detested Tellier, she blamed Lheureux. He was "a wheedler, a sneak."

blamed - blâmé, blâmer

sneak - sournois, resquilleur, faucher, piquer, resquiller, cacher

"There!" she said. "Look at him! he is in the market; he is bowing to Madame Bovary, who's got on a green bonnet. Why, she's taking Monsieur Boulanger's arm."

bowing - s'incliner, (bow) s'incliner

"Madame Bovary!" exclaimed Homais. "I must go at once and pay her my respects. Perhaps she'll be very glad to have a seat in the enclosure under the peristyle.

Glad - heureux, heureuse

peristyle - péristyle

" And, without heeding Madame Lefrancois, who was calling him back to tell him more about it, the druggist walked off rapidly with a smile on his lips, with straight knees, bowing copiously to right and left, and taking up much room with the large tails of his frock-coat that fluttered behind him in the wind.

heeding - l'écoute, attention, observer, surveiller, preter attention

taking up - Prendre en charge

Rodolphe, having caught sight of him from afar, hurried on, but Madame Bovary lost her breath; so he walked more slowly, and, smiling at her, said in a rough tone"

"It's only to get away from that fat fellow, you know, the druggist." She pressed his elbow.

"What's the meaning of that?" he asked himself. And he looked at her out of the corner of his eyes.

Her profile was so calm that one could guess nothing from it. It stood out in the light from the oval of her bonnet, with pale ribbons on it like the leaves of weeds. Her eyes with their long curved lashes looked straight before her, and though wide open, they seemed slightly puckered by the cheek-bones, because of the blood pulsing gently under the delicate skin.

weeds - les mauvaises herbes, (weed) les mauvaises herbes

pulsing - pulsation, pouls

A pink line ran along the partition between her nostrils. Her head was bent upon her shoulder, and the pearl tips of her white teeth were seen between her lips.

partition - partition, division, checkséparation, checkpartition

pearl - perle, joyau, perlure, parisienne, sédanoise

"Is she making fun of me?" thought Rodolphe.

Emma's gesture, however, had only been meant for a warning; for Monsieur Lheureux was accompanying them, and spoke now and again as if to enter into the conversation.

accompanying - accompagnant, accompagner

enter into - entrer

"What a superb day! Everybody is out! The wind is east!"

And neither Madame Bovary nor Rodolphe answered him, whilst at the slightest movement made by them he drew near, saying, "I beg your pardon!" and raised his hat.

beg - mendier, implorer, prier

When they reached the farrier's house, instead of following the road up to the fence, Rodolphe suddenly turned down a path, drawing with him Madame Bovary. He called out"

"Good evening, Monsieur Lheureux! See you again presently."

"How you got rid of him!" she said, laughing.

"Why," he went on, "allow oneself to be intruded upon by others? And as to-day I have the happiness of being with you""

intruded - s'est immiscé, faire intrusion, fr

Emma blushed. He did not finish his sentence. Then he talked of the fine weather and of the pleasure of walking on the grass. A few daisies had sprung up again.

daisies - marguerites, pâquerette, marguerite

"Here are some pretty Easter daisies," he said, "and enough of them to furnish oracles to all the amorous maids in the place."

furnish - meubler, fournir, livrer

oracles - oracles, oracle

He added, "Shall I pick some? What do you think?"

"Are you in love?" she asked, coughing a little.

"H'm, h'm! who knows?" answered Rodolphe.

The meadow began to fill, and the housewives hustled you with their great umbrellas, their baskets, and their babies. One had often to get out of the way of a long file of country folk, servant-maids with blue stockings, flat shoes, silver rings, and who smelt of milk, when one passed close to them.

hustled - bousculé, bousculer, bousculade

file - fichier, ranger, dossier, classement, limer, lime, rangée

They walked along holding one another by the hand, and thus they spread over the whole field from the row of open trees to the banquet tent.

But this was the examination time, and the farmers one after the other entered a kind of enclosure formed by a long cord supported on sticks.

The beasts were there, their noses towards the cord, and making a confused line with their unequal rumps. Drowsy pigs were burrowing in the earth with their snouts, calves were bleating, lambs baaing; the cows, on knees folded in, were stretching their bellies on the grass, slowly chewing the cud, and blinking their heavy eyelids at the gnats that buzzed round them.

beasts - betes, bete, bete sauvage

rumps - umps, croupe

drowsy - ensommeillé, somnolent, soporifique, stupide

burrowing - l'enfouissement, terrier, clapier

snouts - museaux, museau, groin, indic

bleating - belant, (bleat), belement

baaing - baaing, (baa) baaing

bellies - ventres, ventre

blinking - clignotant, ciller, cligner des yeux, clignoter

gnats - les moucherons, moucheron

Plough-men with bare arms were holding by the halter prancing stallions that neighed with dilated nostrils looking towards the mares. These stood quietly, stretching out their heads and flowing manes, while their foals rested in their shadow, or now and then came and sucked them.

prancing - se pavaner, (prance), se cabrer, parader

stallions - des étalons, étalon

neighed - neighed, hennissement, hennir

dilated - dilaté, dilater, se dilater

mares - juments, gâter

manes - manes, criniere

foals - des poulains, poulain, pouliche, pouliner

sucked - aspiré, sucer, téter, etre chiant, etre nul

And above the long undulation of these crowded animals one saw some white mane rising in the wind like a wave, or some sharp horns sticking out, and the heads of men running about. Apart, outside the enclosure, a hundred paces off, was a large black bull, muzzled, with an iron ring in its nostrils, and who moved no more than if he had been in bronze. A child in rags was holding him by a rope.

crowded - encombré, foule

wave - vague, brandir, onde, flottge

Bull - le taureau, taureau

Muzzled - muselé, museau, museliere, museler

ring in - sonner

bronze - le bronze, bronze, airain, hâlé, bronzé, tanné (par le soleil)

Between the two lines the committee-men were walking with heavy steps, examining each animal, then consulting one another in a low voice. One who seemed of more importance now and then took notes in a book as he walked along. This was the president of the jury, Monsieur Derozerays de la Panville. As soon as he recognised Rodolphe he came forward quickly, and smiling amiably, said"

committee - de la commission, comité, commission

examining - l'examen, examiner

jury - jury

amiably - aimablement

"What! Monsieur Boulanger, you are deserting us?"

deserting - déserter, abandonner

Rodolphe protested that he was just coming. But when the president had disappeared"

"Ma foi!"[12] said he, "I shall not go. Your company is better than his."

[12] Upon my word!

And while poking fun at the show, Rodolphe, to move about more easily, showed the gendarme his blue card, and even stopped now and then in front of some fine beast, which Madame Bovary did not at all admire. He noticed this, and began jeering at the Yonville ladies and their dresses; then he apologised for the negligence of his own.

poking - le piquage, enfoncer (dans)

gendarme - gendarme

beast - bete, bete, bete sauvage

admire - admirer

jeering - des railleries, (jeer) des railleries

He had that incongruity of common and elegant in which the habitually vulgar think they see the revelation of an eccentric existence, of the perturbations of sentiment, the tyrannies of art, and always a certain contempt for social conventions, that seduces or exasperates them.

habitually - de maniere habituelle

vulgar - vulgaire, obscene

revelation - révélation

eccentric - excentrique

tyrannies - tyrannies, tyrannie

conventions - conventions, convention

seduces - séduit, séduire

exasperates - exaspere, exaspérer

Thus his cambric shirt with plaited cuffs was blown out by the wind in the opening of his waistcoat of grey ticking, and his broad-striped trousers disclosed at the ankle nankeen boots with patent leather gaiters.

blown out - soufflé

disclosed - divulguée, découvrir, laisser voir, révéler, divulguer

patent leather - du cuir verni

These were so polished that they reflected the grass. He trampled on horses's dung with them, one hand in the pocket of his jacket and his straw hat on one side.

trampled - piétiné, fouler, piétiner

"Besides," added he, "when one lives in the country""

"It's waste of time," said Emma.

"That is true," replied Rodolphe. "To think that not one of these people is capable of understanding even the cut of a coat!"

capable - capable

Then they talked about provincial mediocrity, of the lives it crushed, the illusions lost there.

illusions - des illusions, illusion

"And I too," said Rodolphe, "am drifting into depression."

drifting - a la dérive, dérive, dériver, errer, dévier

"You!" she said in astonishment; "I thought you very light-hearted."

light-hearted - (light-hearted) le cour léger

"Ah! yes. I seem so, because in the midst of the world I know how to wear the mask of a scoffer upon my face; and yet, how many a time at the sight of a cemetery by moonlight have I not asked myself whether it were not better to join those sleeping there!"

mask - masque

scoffer - moqueur

"Oh! and your friends?" she said. "You do not think of them."

"My friends! What friends? Have I any? Who cares for me?" And he accompanied the last words with a kind of whistling of the lips.

whistling - siffler, (whistle), sifflet, sifflement, sifflements

But they were obliged to separate from each other because of a great pile of chairs that a man was carrying behind them. He was so overladen with them that one could only see the tips of his wooden shoes and the ends of his two outstretched arms. It was Lestiboudois, the gravedigger, who was carrying the church chairs about amongst the people.

separate from - Séparer de

Alive to all that concerned his interests, he had hit upon this means of turning the show to account; and his idea was succeeding, for he no longer knew which way to turn. In fact, the villagers, who were hot, quarreled for these seats, whose straw smelt of incense, and they leant against the thick backs, stained with the wax of candles, with a certain veneration.

alive - en vie, vivant

hit upon - Draguer

succeeding - réussir, succéder, avoir du succes

quarreled - s'est disputé, dispute

stained - taché, tache, souillure, colorant, tacher, entacher, colorer

Madame Bovary again took Rodolphe's arm; he went on as if speaking to himself"

"Yes, I have missed so many things. Always alone! Ah! if I had some aim in life, if I had met some love, if I had found someone! Oh, how I would have spent all the energy of which I am capable, surmounted everything, overcome everything!"

aim in life - un but dans la vie

energy - l'énergie, énergie, courage

surmounted - surmonté, surmonter

"Yet it seems to me," said Emma, "that you are not to be pitied."

"Ah! you think so?" said Rodolphe.

"For, after all," she went on, "you are free"" she hesitated, "rich""

"Do not mock me," he replied.

And she protested that she was not mocking him, when the report of a cannon resounded. Immediately all began hustling one another pell-mell towards the village.

mocking - se moquer, (moc) se moquer

cannon - canon

resounded - a retenti, retentir

hustling - l'arnaque, (hustle), bousculer, bousculade

It was a false alarm. The prefect seemed not to be coming, and the members of the jury felt much embarrassed, not knowing if they ought to begin the meeting or still wait.

alarm - alarme, réveille-matin, réveil, alarmer, donner/sonner l'alerte

At last at the end of the Place a large hired landau appeared, drawn by two thin horses, which a coachman in a white hat was whipping lustily. Binet had only just time to shout, "Present arms!" and the colonel to imitate him. All ran towards the enclosure; everyone pushed forward.

hired - embauché, louer

landau - landau

coachman - cocher

lustily - luxurieux

shout - crier, cri, jacasser, crient, criez, crions

imitate - imiter

pushed forward - poussé en avant

A few even forgot their collars; but the equipage of the prefect seemed to anticipate the crowd, and the two yoked jades, trapesing in their harness, came up at a little trot in front of the peristyle of the town hall at the very moment when the National Guard and firemen deployed, beating drums and marking time.

anticipate - anticiper, prévoir

yoked - en couple, joug

jades - jades, (de) jade

trapesing - le trappage, (trapes) le trappage

drums - des tambours, tambour

marking - le marquage, marquant, repere, (mark), Marc

"Present!" shouted Binet.

"Halt!" shouted the colonel. "Left about, march."

halt - halte, s'arreter, stop, stopper

And after presenting arms, during which the clang of the band, letting loose, rang out like a brass kettle rolling downstairs, all the guns were lowered. Then was seen stepping down from the carriage a gentleman in a short coat with silver braiding, with bald brow, and wearing a tuft of hair at the back of his head, of a sallow complexion and the most benign appearance.

clang - clang, rench: ('of crane') glapissement g, ('of goose') criaillement g

kettle - bouilloire, chaudron

guns - des armes, arme a feu

stepping - en marche, pas

coat with silver - enduit d'argent

tuft - touffe

sallow - pâle, incolore, pâlot, blafard

benign - bénigne, bénin

His eyes, very large and covered by heavy lids, were half-closed to look at the crowd, while at the same time he raised his sharp nose, and forced a smile upon his sunken mouth. He recognised the mayor by his scarf, and explained to him that the prefect was not able to come. He himself was a councillor at the prefecture; then he added a few apologies.

councillor - conseiller, conseillere, French: conseiller municipal

apologies - des excuses, excuse, apologie

Monsieur Tuvache answered them with compliments; the other confessed himself nervous; and they remained thus, face to face, their foreheads almost touching, with the members of the jury all round, the municipal council, the notable personages, the National Guard and the crowd.

confessed - avoué, avouer, confesser

foreheads - fronts, front

Municipal - municipal

Council - le conseil, conseil

notable - remarquable, notable, personnage

The councillor pressing his little cocked hat to his breast repeated his bows, while Tuvache, bent like a bow, also smiled, stammered, tried to say something, protested his devotion to the monarchy and the honour that was being done to Yonville.

cocked - armé, oiseau mâle, coq

monarchy - monarchie

Hippolyte, the groom from the inn, took the head of the horses from the coachman, and, limping along with his club-foot, led them to the door of the "Lion d'Or", where a number of peasants collected to look at the carriage.

limping - boitant, (limp) boitant

The drum beat, the howitzer thundered, and the gentlemen one by one mounted the platform, where they sat down in red utrecht velvet arm-chairs that had been lent by Madame Tuvache.

drum - tambour

howitzer - obusier

thundered - tonné, tonnerre, tonner, tonitruer

Utrecht - utrecht

All these people looked alike. Their fair flabby faces, somewhat tanned by the sun, were the colour of sweet cider, and their puffy whiskers emerged from stiff collars, kept up by white cravats with broad bows.

alike - comme, semblable, pareil, analogue, pareillement

tanned - bronzé, tanner

puffy - bouffi, enflé, rebondi, boursouflé

emerged - a émergé, émerger, sortir

All the waist-coats were of velvet, double-breasted; all the watches had, at the end of a long ribbon, an oval cornelian seal; everyone rested his two hands on his thighs, carefully stretching the stride of their trousers, whose unsponged glossy cloth shone more brilliantly than the leather of their heavy boots.

breasted - seins, sein, poitrine, cour

cornelian - cornélien

seal - sceau

thighs - cuisses, cuisse

stride - foulée, marcher a grands pas

unsponged - non épongé

The ladies of the company stood at the back under the vestibule between the pillars while the common herd was opposite, standing up or sitting on chairs. As a matter of fact, Lestiboudois had brought thither all those that he had moved from the field, and he even kept running back every minute to fetch others from the church.

herd - troupeau

He caused such confusion with this piece of business that one had great difficulty in getting to the small steps of the platform.

"I think," said Monsieur Lheureux to the chemist, who was passing to his place, "that they ought to have put up two Venetian masts with something rather severe and rich for ornaments; it would have been a very pretty effect."

venetian - vénitien, Vénitienne

masts - mâts, mât

ornaments - ornements, ornement, ornement musical

"To be sure," replied Homais; "but what can you expect? The mayor took everything on his own shoulders. He hasn't much taste. Poor Tuvache! and he is even completely destitute of what is called the genius of art."

expect - s'attendre a, attendre, s'attendre a

destitute - sans ressources

genius - génie

Rodolphe, meanwhile, with Madame Bovary, had gone up to the first floor of the town hall, to the "council-room," and, as it was empty, he declared that they could enjoy the sight there more comfortably. He fetched three stools from the round table under the bust of the monarch, and having carried them to one of the windows, they sat down by each other.

gone up - Monter

comfortably - confortablement, agréablement

fetched - fouillé, aller chercher

stools - tabourets, tabouret

monarch - monarque

There was commotion on the platform, long whisperings, much parleying. At last the councillor got up. They knew now that his name was Lieuvain, and in the crowd the name was passed from one to the other. After he had collated a few pages, and bent over them to see better, he began"

whisperings - chuchotements, chuchotement

parleying - parler, pourparlers

collated - collationné, collationner

"Gentlemen!

May I be permitted first of all (before addressing you on the object of our meeting to-day, and this sentiment will, I am sure, be shared by you all), may I be permitted, I say, to pay a tribute to the higher administration, to the government to the monarch, gentle men, our sovereign, to that beloved king, to whom no branch of public or private prosperity is a matter of indifference, and who directs with a hand at once so firm and wise the chariot of the state amid the incessant perils of a stormy sea, knowing, moreover, how to make peace respected as well as war, industry, commerce, agriculture, and the fine arts?"

permitted - autorisé, permettre

tribute - hommage, tribut

administration - l'administration, administration

Government - le gouvernement, gouvernement, rection

sovereign - souveraine, souverain

beloved - bien-aimé, chéri, amant, amante, (belove)

branch - branche, rameau, affluent, filiale, succursale

prosperity - la prospérité, prospérité

directs - dirige, direct, mettre en scene, ordonner

firm - ferme, social, robuste, maison de commerce, solide

wise - sage, sensé, genre, raisonnable

chariot - chariot, char (de guerre), charriot

incessant - incessant

perils - périls, péril, risque

stormy sea - une mer houleuse

make peace - faire la paix

war - guerre, bataille, entrer en guerre, tfaire la guerre

"I ought," said Rodolphe, "to get back a little further."

further - encourager, ultérieur, plus loin, de plus, (furth)

"Why?" said Emma.

But at this moment the voice of the councillor rose to an extraordinary pitch. He declaimed"

pitch - de l'emplacement, dresser

"This is no longer the time, gentlemen, when civil discord ensanguined our public places, when the landlord, the business-man, the working-man himself, falling asleep at night, lying down to peaceful sleep, trembled lest he should be awakened suddenly by the noise of incendiary tocsins, when the most subversive doctrines audaciously sapped foundations."

discord - discorde, désaccord

subversive - subversif

doctrines - doctrines, doctrine

audaciously - avec audace

sapped - sappé, seve

"Well, someone down there might see me," Rodolphe resumed, "then I should have to invent excuses for a fortnight; and with my bad reputation""

invent - inventer

excuses - des excuses, excuser, pardonner, justifier

"Oh, you are slandering yourself," said Emma.

slandering - calomnies, diffamation (orale), calomnie (orale)

"No! It is dreadful, I assure you."

dreadful - épouvantable, redoutable, affreux, terrible

"But, gentlemen," continued the councillor, "if, banishing from my memory the remembrance of these sad pictures, I carry my eyes back to the actual situation of our dear country, what do I see there? Everywhere commerce and the arts are flourishing; everywhere new means of communication, like so many new arteries in the body of the state, establish within it new relations.

banishing - le bannissement, bannir

flourishing - l'épanouissement, fleurir, brandir

communication - la communication, communication, message

arteries - arteres, artere

establish - affermir, établir

Our great industrial centres have recovered all their activity; religion, more consolidated, smiles in all hearts; our ports are full, confidence is born again, and France breathes once more!"

industrial - industrielle, industriel

recovered - récupéré, recouvrer (la santé)

consolidated - consolidée, consolider

ports - ports, port

breathes - respire, respirer, inspirer, expirer

"Besides," added Rodolphe, "perhaps from the world's point of view they are right."

"How so?" she asked.

"What!" said he. "Do you not know that there are souls constantly tormented? They need by turns to dream and to act, the purest passions and the most turbulent joys, and thus they fling themselves into all sorts of fantasies, of follies."

tormented - tourmenté, tourment, tourmenter

act - acte, loi, action, agir, faire, jouer, se comporter, faire (1)

purest - le plus pur, pur

fling - flirt, brandir

fantasies - fantasmes, fantaisie, imaginaire, fantasme, fantasy

follies - folies, folie, sottise

Then she looked at him as one looks at a traveller who has voyaged over strange lands, and went on"

voyaged - voyagé, voyage

"We have not even this distraction, we poor women!"

"A sad distraction, for happiness isn't found in it."

"But is it ever found?" she asked.

"Yes; one day it comes," he answered.

"And this is what you have understood," said the councillor.

"You, farmers, agricultural labourers! you pacific pioneers of a work that belongs wholly to civilization! you, men of progress and morality, you have understood, I say, that political storms are even more redoubtable than atmospheric disturbances!"

Pacific - pacifique

pioneers - des pionniers, pionnier, pionniere

belongs - appartient, appartenir a

civilization - la civilisation, civilisation

progress - progres, progressent, progresser, progressons, progrés

morality - moralité

redoubtable - redoutable

disturbances - des perturbations, trouble, tapage

"It comes one day," repeated Rodolphe, "one day suddenly, and when one is despairing of it. Then the horizon expands; it is as if a voice cried, ˜It is here!'You feel the need of confiding the whole of your life, of giving everything, sacrificing everything to this being. There is no need for explanations; they understand one another. They have seen each other in dreams!"

confiding - se confier, faire confiance, confier

sacrificing - sacrifier, sacrifice, offrande

(And he looked at her.) "In fine, here it is, this treasure so sought after, here before you. It glitters, it flashes; yet one still doubts, one does not believe it; one remains dazzled, as if one went out from darkness into light."

treasure - trésor, garder précieusement

glitters - des paillettes, étincellement, paillette, briller

flashes - flashes, éclair, lueur

doubts - des doutes, douter, doute

And as he ended Rodolphe suited the action to the word. He passed his hand over his face, like a man seized with giddiness. Then he let it fall on Emma's. She took hers away.

suited - adapté, suite

"And who would be surprised at it, gentlemen? He only who is so blind, so plunged (I do not fear to say it), so plunged in the prejudices of another age as still to misunderstand the spirit of agricultural populations. Where, indeed, is to be found more patriotism than in the country, greater devotion to the public welfare, more intelligence, in a word?

blind - aveugle, mal-voyant, mal-voyante, store, blind, aveugler

plunged - plongé, plonger

misunderstand - mal compris, mal interpréter, méprendre, mécomprendre

populations - populations, population

patriotism - patriotisme

public welfare - Bien-etre public

intelligence - l'intelligence, intelligence, renseignements

And, gentlemen, I do not mean that superficial intelligence, vain ornament of idle minds, but rather that profound and balanced intelligence that applies itself above all else to useful objects, thus contributing to the good of all, to the common amelioration and to the support of the state, born of respect for law and the practice of duty""

superficial - superficielle, superficiel

vain - vaine, rench: vaniteux, frivole, vain, futile

ornament - ornement, ornement musical

idle - au ralenti, fainéant

profound - profond

balanced - équilibré, contrepoids, équilibre, solde, balancier

applies - s'applique, appliquer (sur)

contributing - contribuant, contribuer

amelioration - amélioration

support - soutien, soutenez, appuyez, appuyons, appuyent, soutiens

"Ah! again!" said Rodolphe. "Always ˜duty.'I am sick of the word. They are a lot of old blockheads in flannel vests and of old women with foot-warmers and rosaries who constantly drone into our ears ˜Duty, duty!'Ah! by Jove! one's duty is to feel what is great, cherish the beautiful, and not accept all the conventions of society with the ignominy that it imposes upon us."

blockheads - des tetes de mule, imbécile, cancre

vests - gilets, gilet, tricot de corps

drone - drone, faux-bourdon

cherish - chérir

Accept - accepter, accepter (de), prendre sur soi, endurer patiemment

ignominy - l'ignominie, ignominie

imposes - impose, imposer

"Yet"yet"" objected Madame Bovary.

"No, no! Why cry out against the passions? Are they not the one beautiful thing on the earth, the source of heroism, of enthusiasm, of poetry, music, the arts, of everything, in a word?"

source - source

heroism - l'héroisme, héroisme

"But one must," said Emma, "to some extent bow to the opinion of the world and accept its moral code."

bow to - s'incliner devant

moral - moral, moralité, morale

code - code, codifient, codifiez, codifions, codifier

"Ah! but there are two," he replied. "The small, the conventional, that of men, that which constantly changes, that brays out so loudly, that makes such a commotion here below, of the earth earthly, like the mass of imbeciles you see down there. But the other, the eternal, that is about us and above, like the landscape that surrounds us, and the blue heavens that give us light."

brays - braies, braiement

Monsieur Lieuvain had just wiped his mouth with a pocket-handkerchief. He continued"

"And what should I do here gentlemen, pointing out to you the uses of agriculture? Who supplies our wants? Who provides our means of subsistence? Is it not the agriculturist?

supplies - des fournitures, fournir, approvisionner

provides - fournit, fournir, procurer, pourvoir

means of subsistence - les moyens de subsistance

The agriculturist, gentlemen, who, sowing with laborious hand the fertile furrows of the country, brings forth the corn, which, being ground, is made into a powder by means of ingenious machinery, comes out thence under the name of flour, and from there, transported to our cities, is soon delivered at the baker's, who makes it into food for poor and rich alike.

laborious - laborieux

fertile - fertile

ingenious - ingénieux

machinery - des machines, machines, pieces, machinerie, mécanique

Baker - baker, boulanger, boulangere

Again, is it not the agriculturist who fattens, for our clothes, his abundant flocks in the pastures? For how should we clothe ourselves, how nourish ourselves, without the agriculturist? And, gentlemen, is it even necessary to go so far for examples?

fattens - engraisse, engraisser, grossir

abundant - abondante

flocks - des troupeaux, troupeau

pastures - pâturages, pâture, pâturage, pré, prairie

clothe - vetir, habiller

ourselves - nous-memes, nous-meme

nourish - nourrir

Who has not frequently reflected on all the momentous things that we get out of that modest animal, the ornament of poultry-yards, that provides us at once with a soft pillow for our bed, with succulent flesh for our tables, and eggs?

momentous - important

modest - modeste, (mod)

succulent - succulent, succulente, gras, grasse

But I should never end if I were to enumerate one after the other all the different products which the earth, well cultivated, like a generous mother, lavishes upon her children. Here it is the vine, elsewhere the apple tree for cider, there colza, farther on cheeses and flax.

enumerate - énumérer, énoncer, dénombrer

apple tree - un pommier

flax - le lin, lin

Gentlemen, let us not forget flax, which has made such great strides of late years, and to which I will more particularly call your attention."

strides - foulées, marcher a grands pas

He had no need to call it, for all the mouths of the multitude were wide open, as if to drink in his words. Tuvache by his side listened to him with staring eyes. Monsieur Derozerays from time to time softly closed his eyelids, and farther on the chemist, with his son Napoleon between his knees, put his hand behind his ear in order not to lose a syllable.

multitude - multitude

syllable - syllabe

The chins of the other members of the jury went slowly up and down in their waistcoats in sign of approval. The firemen at the foot of the platform rested on their bayonets; and Binet, motionless, stood with out-turned elbows, the point of his sabre in the air. Perhaps he could hear, but certainly he could see nothing, because of the visor of his helmet, that fell down on his nose.

waistcoats - gilets, gilet

approval - agrément, approbation

bayonets - baionnettes, baionnette

visor - visiere, visiere

His lieutenant, the youngest son of Monsieur Tuvache, had a bigger one, for his was enormous, and shook on his head, and from it an end of his cotton scarf peeped out. He smiled beneath it with a perfectly infantine sweetness, and his pale little face, whence drops were running, wore an expression of enjoyment and sleepiness.

lieutenant - lieutenant

enormous - énorme

peeped - épié, regarder qqch a la dérobée

infantine - infantine

enjoyment - jouissance, plaisir

sleepiness - somnolence

The square as far as the houses was crowded with people. One saw folk leaning on their elbows at all the windows, others standing at doors, and Justin, in front of the chemist's shop, seemed quite transfixed by the sight of what he was looking at. In spite of the silence Monsieur Lieuvain's voice was lost in the air.

It reached you in fragments of phrases, and interrupted here and there by the creaking of chairs in the crowd; then you suddenly heard the long bellowing of an ox, or else the bleating of the lambs, who answered one another at street corners.

bellowing - mugissement, mugir, beugler

ox - ox, boeuf

In fact, the cowherds and shepherds had driven their beasts thus far, and these lowed from time to time, while with their tongues they tore down some scrap of foliage that hung above their mouths.

shepherds - bergers, berger, bergere, pasteur, pâtre, qualifier

lowed - abaissée, bas

tore down - Démolir

foliage - le feuillage, feuillage

Rodolphe had drawn nearer to Emma, and said to her in a low voice, speaking rapidly"

"Does not this conspiracy of the world revolt you? Is there a single sentiment it does not condemn? The noblest instincts, the purest sympathies are persecuted, slandered; and if at length two poor souls do meet, all is so organised that they cannot blend together. Yet they will make the attempt; they will flutter their wings; they will call upon each other. Oh! no matter.

conspiracy - conspiration, complot

revolt - révolter, révolte

condemn - condamner, déclarer coupable

noblest - le plus noble, noble, aristocrate, aristocratique

instincts - instincts, instinct

sympathies - sympathies, compassion, sympathie, condoléance

slandered - calomnié, diffamation (orale), calomnie (orale)

at length - longuement

blend - mélange, mélanger, meler, mixer

Sooner or later, in six months, ten years, they will come together, will love; for fate has decreed it, and they are born one for the other."

fate - le destin, destin, destinée, sort

decreed - décrété, décret, ordonnance, décréter

His arms were folded across his knees, and thus lifting his face towards Emma, close by her, he looked fixedly at her. She noticed in his eyes small golden lines radiating from black pupils; she even smelt the perfume of the pomade that made his hair glossy.

fixedly - fixement

radiating - rayonnant, irradier

Then a faintness came over her; she recalled the Viscount who had waltzed with her at Vaubyessard, and his beard exhaled like this air an odour of vanilla and citron, and mechanically she half-closed her eyes the better to breathe it in.

waltzed - valsé, valse, valser

Vanilla - vanille, de vanille, a la vanille, standard, classique

citron - jaune citron, cédratier, cédrat

But in making this movement, as she leant back in her chair, she saw in the distance, right on the line of the horizon, the old diligence, the "Hirondelle," that was slowly descending the hill of Leux, dragging after it a long trail of dust. It was in this yellow carriage that LĂ©on had so often come back to her, and by this route down there that he had gone for ever.

diligence - diligence

descending - descendant, descendre

trail - pister, suivre, traîner, piste, traces, sentier, chasse

She fancied she saw him opposite at his windows; then all grew confused; clouds gathered; it seemed to her that she was again turning in the waltz under the light of the lustres on the arm of the Viscount, and that LĂ©on was not far away, that he was coming; and yet all the time she was conscious of the scent of Rodolphe's head by her side.

This sweetness of sensation pierced through her old desires, and these, like grains of sand under a gust of wind, eddied to and fro in the subtle breath of the perfume which suffused her soul. She opened wide her nostrils several times to drink in the freshness of the ivy round the capitals.

grains of sand - des grains de sable

eddied - eddied, tourbillon

She took off her gloves, she wiped her hands, then fanned her face with her handkerchief, while athwart the throbbing of her temples she heard the murmur of the crowd and the voice of the councillor intoning his phrases. He said""Continue, persevere; listen neither to the suggestions of routine, nor to the over-hasty councils of a rash empiricism.

fanned - ventilé, éventail

intoning - intonation, (intone) intonation

persevere - persévérer

suggestions - suggestions, suggestion, proposition

hasty - hâtive, hâtif

councils - conseils, conseil

rash - éruption cutanée, déviation

empiricism - l'empirisme, empirisme

"Apply yourselves, above all, to the amelioration of the soil, to good manures, to the development of the equine, bovine, ovine, and porcine races. Let these shows be to you pacific arenas, where the victor in leaving it will hold forth a hand to the vanquished, and will fraternise with him in the hope of better success.

manures - les fumiers, fumier, purin

development - développement

equine - équine, chevalin, équin, hippique

bovine - bovine, bovin

porcine - porcine, porcin, bouffi

arenas - arenes, arene, aréna

vanquished - vaincu, vaincre

fraternise - fraterniser

And you, aged servants, humble domestics, whose hard labour no Government up to this day has taken into consideration, come hither to receive the reward of your silent virtues, and be assured that the state henceforward has its eye upon you; that it encourages you, protects you; that it will accede to your just demands, and alleviate as much as in it lies the burden of your painful sacrifices."

hither - ici, ça

Reward - récompense, récompenser

virtues - vertus, vertu

assured - assurée, assurerent, assura, assurai

henceforward - désormais

encourages - encourage, encourager

protects - protege, protéger

demands - demandes, demande, exigence, exiger

alleviate - atténuer, adoucir, calmer, soulager

lies - mensonges, mensonge

burden - charge, accablement, alourdissons, alourdir, alourdissez

painful - douloureux, laborieux

Monsieur Lieuvain then sat down; Monsieur Derozerays got up, beginning another speech. His was not perhaps so florid as that of the councillor, but it recommended itself by a more direct style, that is to say, by more special knowledge and more elevated considerations. Thus the praise of the Government took up less space in it; religion and agriculture more.

florid - florissant

elevated - élevé, (elevate), élever, augmenter

considerations - considérations, considération, fr

Praise - des louanges, louange, louer, féliciter, prôner, vénérer

He showed in it the relations of these two, and how they had always contributed to civilisation. Rodolphe with Madame Bovary was talking dreams, presentiments, magnetism. Going back to the cradle of society, the orator painted those fierce times when men lived on acorns in the heart of woods. Then they had left off the skins of beasts, had put on cloth, tilled the soil, planted the vine.

showed in - s'est montré

presentiments - les pressentiments, pressentiment

magnetism - le magnétisme, magnétisme

orator - orateur, oratrice

acorns - des glands, gland

skins - peaux, peau, apparence, écorcher, égratigner

Was this a good, and in this discovery was there not more of injury than of gain? Monsieur Derozerays set himself this problem.

discovery - découverte

injury - blessure

gain - gain, gagner, produit

From magnetism little by little Rodolphe had come to affinities, and while the president was citing Cincinnatus and his plough, Diocletian, planting his cabbages, and the Emperors of China inaugurating the year by the sowing of seed, the young man was explaining to the young woman that these irresistible attractions find their cause in some previous state of existence.

affinities - affinités, affinité

Cincinnatus - Cincinnatus

emperors - empereurs, empereur

China - la chine, Chine

inaugurating - inaugurer

seed - semences, semailles, semence, pépin

irresistible - irrésistible

attractions - des attractions, attraction, attirance

previous - précédente, préalable

"Thus we," he said, "why did we come to know one another? What chance willed it? It was because across the infinite, like two streams that flow but to unite; our special bents of mind had driven us towards each other."

unite - s'unir, unir

And he seized her hand; she did not withdraw it.

withdraw - se retirer, dégarnir, claustrer

"For good farming generally!" cried the president.

"Just now, for example, when I went to your house."

"To Monsieur Bizat of Quincampoix."

"Did I know I should accompany you?"

"Seventy francs."

"A hundred times I wished to go; and I followed you"I remained."

"Manures!"

"And I shall remain to-night, to-morrow, all other days, all my life!"

"To Monsieur Caron of Argueil, a gold medal!"

gold medal - médaille d'or

"For I have never in the society of any other person found so complete a charm."

"To Monsieur Bain of Givry-Saint-Martin."

Martin - martin

"And I shall carry away with me the remembrance of you."

"For a merino ram!"

ram - bélier, RAM, mémoire RAM

"But you will forget me; I shall pass away like a shadow."

"To Monsieur Belot of Notre-Dame."

"Oh, no! I shall be something in your thought, in your life, shall I not?"

"Porcine race; prizes"equal, to Messrs. Leherisse and Cullembourg, sixty francs!"

race - course, race

Rodolphe was pressing her hand, and he felt it all warm and quivering like a captive dove that wants to fly away; but, whether she was trying to take it away or whether she was answering his pressure; she made a movement with her fingers. He exclaimed"

quivering - tremblant, frémir

captive - captif, captive

dove - colombe, pigeon, (dive) colombe

fly away - s'envoler

pressure - pression

"Oh, I thank you! You do not repulse me! You are good! You understand that I am yours! Let me look at you; let me contemplate you!"

repulse - repousser

contemplate - envisager, étudier, contempler

A gust of wind that blew in at the window ruffled the cloth on the table, and in the square below all the great caps of the peasant women were uplifted by it like the wings of white butterflies fluttering.

ruffled - ébouriffé, falbala, ébouriffer

peasant women - des paysannes

uplifted - élevé, élever, transcender, promouvoir, exalter, soulevement

"Use of oil-cakes," continued the president. He was hurrying on: "Flemish manure-flax-growing-drainage-long leases-domestic service."

hurrying - se dépecher, dépechant, (hurry), précipitation, hâte

Flemish - flamand

drainage - drainage

leases - les baux, bail

Rodolphe was no longer speaking. They looked at one another. A supreme desire made their dry lips tremble, and wearily, without an effort, their fingers intertwined.

wearily - avec lassitude

intertwined - entrelacés, enchevetrer, entrelacer

"Catherine Nicaise Elizabeth Leroux, of Sassetot-la-Guerriere, for fifty-four years of service at the same farm, a silver medal"value, twenty-five francs!"

Catherine - catherine

Elizabeth - elizabeth, Élisabeth

silver medal - Médaille dargent

"Where is Catherine Leroux?" repeated the councillor.

She did not present herself, and one could hear voices whispering"

"Go up!"

"Don't be afraid!"

"Oh, how stupid she is!"

"Well, is she there?" cried Tuvache.

"Yes; here she is."

"Then let her come up!"

Then there came forward on the platform a little old woman with timid bearing, who seemed to shrink within her poor clothes. On her feet she wore heavy wooden clogs, and from her hips hung a large blue apron. Her pale face framed in a borderless cap was more wrinkled than a withered russet apple.

timid - timide, craintif

shrink - rétrécissement, se réduire, rétrécir, se resserrer

more wrinkled - plus ridée

withered - flétrie, (se) faner

russet - roussâtre, roux, rousse

And from the sleeves of her red jacket looked out two large hands with knotty joints, the dust of barns, the potash of washing the grease of wools had so encrusted, roughened, hardened these that they seemed dirty, although they had been rinsed in clear water; and by dint of long service they remained half open, as if to bear humble witness for themselves of so much suffering endured.

joints - articulations, conjoint, commun, articulation, rotule, jointure

barns - granges, grange

potash - la potasse, potasse

wools - laines, laine

encrusted - incrustés, encrouter, incruster

rinsed - rincé, rincer, rinçage

witness - témoin

endured - enduré, endurer, perdurer, supporter

Something of monastic rigidity dignified her face. Nothing of sadness or of emotion weakened that pale look. In her constant living with animals she had caught their dumbness and their calm.

monastic - monastique

rigidity - la rigidité, rigidité, raideur

dignified - digne, honorer

weakened - affaibli, affaiblir

It was the first time that she found herself in the midst of so large a company, and inwardly scared by the flags, the drums, the gentlemen in frock-coats, and the order of the councillor, she stood motionless, not knowing whether to advance or run away, nor why the crowd was pushing her and the jury were smiling at her.

scared - effrayé, (scar)

Thus stood before these radiant bourgeois this half-century of servitude.

servitude - la servitude, servage, servitude

"Approach, venerable Catherine Nicaise Elizabeth Leroux!" said the councillor, who had taken the list of prize-winners from the president; and, looking at the piece of paper and the old woman by turns, he repeated in a fatherly tone""Approach! approach!"

approach - approche, approchons, abordent, abordez, rapprochons

winners - gagnants, gagnant, gagnante, vainqueur, vainqueuse

fatherly - paternel

"Are you deaf?" said Tuvache, fidgeting in his armchair; and he began shouting in her ear, "Fifty-four years of service. A silver medal! Twenty-five francs! For you!"

deaf - sourd, les sourds

fidgeting - la bougeotte, gigoter, remuer, gigoteur

Then, when she had her medal, she looked at it, and a smile of beatitude spread over her face; and as she walked away they could hear her muttering "I'll give it to our cure up home, to say some masses for me!"

muttering - marmonner, grommellement, (mutter) marmonner

masses - masses, amas

"What fanaticism!" exclaimed the chemist, leaning across to the notary.

The meeting was over, the crowd dispersed, and now that the speeches had been read, each one fell back into his place again, and everything into the old grooves; the masters bullied the servants, and these struck the animals, indolent victors, going back to the stalls, a green-crown on their horns.

grooves - sillons, rainure, sillon, routine, groove, puits

bullied - harcelés, brimeur, brute, tyran, intimider, tourmenter

victors - vainqueurs, vainqueur

The National Guards, however, had gone up to the first floor of the town hall with buns spitted on their bayonets, and the drummer of the battalion carried a basket with bottles. Madame Bovary took Rodolphe's arm; he saw her home; they separated at her door; then he walked about alone in the meadow while he waited for the time of the banquet.

guards - gardiens, garde, protection, gardien, arriere

buns - brioches, brioche

spitted - craché

drummer - batteur

battalion - bataillon

The feast was long, noisy, ill served; the guests were so crowded that they could hardly move their elbows; and the narrow planks used for forms almost broke down under their weight. They ate hugely. Each one stuffed himself on his own account. Sweat stood on every brow, and a whitish steam, like the vapour of a stream on an autumn morning, floated above the table between the hanging lamps.

planks - des planches, planche, gainage

broke down - tombé en panne

Down Under - Australie, Nouvelle Zelande

hugely - énorme, colossalement

sweat - de la sueur, transpirer, suer, transpiration

Steam - vapeur d'eau, vapeur

vapour - vapeur, fumées

stream - flux, ruisseau, ru, rupt, filet, flot, courant

floated - flotté, flotter

Rodolphe, leaning against the calico of the tent was thinking so earnestly of Emma that he heard nothing. Behind him on the grass the servants were piling up the dirty plates, his neighbours were talking; he did not answer them; they filled his glass, and there was silence in his thoughts in spite of the growing noise.

earnestly - sincerement, sérieusement

piling up - qui s'accumulent

He was dreaming of what she had said, of the line of her lips; her face, as in a magic mirror, shone on the plates of the shakos, the folds of her gown fell along the walls, and days of love unrolled to all infinity before him in the vistas of the future.

magic - la magie, magie, magique, sorcelerie, checkensorcelé

mirror - glace, miroir, copie, refléter

on the plates - sur les assiettes

unrolled - déroulé, (se) dérouler

infinity - l'infini, infinité, infini

vistas - des panoramas, vue, point de vue

He saw her again in the evening during the fireworks, but she was with her husband, Madame Homais, and the druggist, who was worrying about the danger of stray rockets, and every moment he left the company to go and give some advice to Binet.

fireworks - feux d'artifice, feu d'artifice

worrying - inquiétant, lancinant, (worry), inquiéter, harceler, souci

danger - danger, péril

stray - égaré, écartez, écartent, écartons, écarter

rockets - des fusées, fusée, roquette

The pyrotechnic pieces sent to Monsieur Tuvache had, through an excess of caution, been shut up in his cellar, and so the damp powder would not light, and the principal set piece, that was to represent a dragon biting his tail, failed completely.

pyrotechnic - pyrotechnique, pyrotechnique (1)

excess - l'exces, exces, franchise, en exces, en trop, excessif

caution - prudence, admonition, checkavertissement, checkmise en garde

set piece - Scéne

Dragon - le dragon, dragon

Now and then a meagre Roman-candle went off; then the gaping crowd sent up a shout that mingled with the cry of the women, whose waists were being squeezed in the darkness. Emma silently nestled against Charles's shoulder; then, raising her chin, she watched the luminous rays of the rockets against the dark sky. Rodolphe gazed at her in the light of the burning lanterns.

squeezed - pressé, presser, comprimer, tasser, serrer

nestled - niché, se pelotonner, se nicher

luminous - lumineux

They went out one by one. The stars shone out. A few crops of rain began to fall. She knotted her fichu round her bare head.

crops - les cultures, récolte, produits agricoles

At this moment the councillor's carriage came out from the inn.

His coachman, who was drunk, suddenly dozed off, and one could see from the distance, above the hood, between the two lanterns, the mass of his body, that swayed from right to left with the giving of the traces.

dozed - s'est assoupi, sommeiller

hood - capot, capuchon, couverture

swayed - balancés, autorité, poids, influence, prépondérance, balancer

"Truly," said the druggist, "one ought to proceed most rigorously against drunkenness! I should like to see written up weekly at the door of the town hall on a board ad hoc[13] the names of all those who during the week got intoxicated on alcohol. Besides, with regard to statistics, one would thus have, as it were, public records that one could refer to in case of need. But excuse me!"

truly - vraiment

proceed - avancer, procéder

rigorously - rigoureusement

drunkenness - l'ivresse, ébriété, ivresse

weekly - hebdomadaire, hebdomadairement, chaque semaine

ad - publicité, ap. J.-C, apr. J.-C

intoxicated - en état d'ébriété, intoxiquer

statistics - statistiques, statistique

records - dossiers, rapport écrit

refer - référent, référons, référer, référez

[13] Specifically for that.

And he once more ran off to the captain. The latter was going back to see his lathe again.

"Perhaps you would not do ill," Homais said to him, "to send one of your men, or to go yourself""

"Leave me alone!" answered the tax-collector. "It's all right!"

"Do not be uneasy," said the druggist, when he returned to his friends. "Monsieur Binet has assured me that all precautions have been taken. No sparks have fallen; the pumps are full. Let us go to rest."

uneasy - mal a l'aise, inquiet

precautions - des précautions, précaution

pumps - pompes, pompe

"Ma foi! I want it," said Madame Homais, yawning at large. "But never mind; we've had a beautiful day for our fete."

yawning - bâillements, (yawn), bâiller, béer, bâillement

Rodolphe repeated in a low voice, and with a tender look, "Oh, yes! very beautiful!"

And having bowed to one another, they separated.

Two days later, in the "Final de Rouen," there was a long article on the show. Homais had composed it with verve the very next morning.

verve - verve

"Why these festoons, these flowers, these garlands? Whither hurries this crowd like the waves of a furious sea under the torrents of a tropical sun pouring its heat upon our heads?"

festoons - festons, feston, guirlande

hurries - se dépeche, précipitation, hâte, dépecher

Then he spoke of the condition of the peasants. Certainly the Government was doing much, but not enough. "Courage!" he cried to it; "a thousand reforms are indispensable; let us accomplish them!

reforms - des réformes, réforme, réformer

accomplish - accomplir

" Then touching on the entry of the councillor, he did not forget "the martial air of our militia;" nor "our most merry village maidens;" nor the "bald-headed old men like patriarchs who were there, and of whom some, the remnants of our phalanxes, still felt their hearts beat at the manly sound of the drums.

martial - martial

militia - milice

merry - joyeux, gai, heureuse, jovial

maidens - vierges, jeune fille, jeune femme, demoiselle, pucelle, vierge

old men - des vieux hommes

patriarchs - patriarches, patriarche

remnants - des vestiges, reste

phalanxes - phalanges

manly - viril

" He cited himself among the first of the members of the jury, and he even called attention in a note to the fact that Monsieur Homais, chemist, had sent a memoir on cider to the agricultural society.

When he came to the distribution of the prizes, he painted the joy of the prize-winners in dithyrambic strophes. "The father embraced the son, the brother the brother, the husband his consort. More than one showed his humble medal with pride; and no doubt when he got home to his good housewife, he hung it up weeping on the modest walls of his cot.

distribution - distribution

Consort - consort, navire d'accompagnement

cot - lit d'enfant, couchette

"About six o'clock a banquet prepared in the meadow of Monsieur Leigeard brought together the principal personages of the fete. The greatest cordiality reigned here. Divers toasts were proposed: Monsieur Lieuvain, the King; Monsieur Tuvache, the Prefect; Monsieur Derozerays, Agriculture; Monsieur Homais, Industry and the Fine Arts, those twin sisters; Monsieur Leplichey, Progress.

brought together - réunir, rassembler

reigned - régnait, regne, régner

divers - des plongeurs, plongeur, plongeuse

toasts - des toasts, griller

twin sisters - des sours jumelles

In the evening some brilliant fireworks on a sudden illumined the air. One would have called it a veritable kaleidoscope, a real operatic scene; and for a moment our little locality might have thought itself transported into the midst of a dream of the ˜Thousand and One Nights.'Let us state that no untoward event disturbed this family meeting.

brilliant - brillante, brillant, perle

veritable - véritable

kaleidoscope - kaléidoscope, caléidoscope

operatic - opératique

locality - région, quartier, voisinage, localité

untoward - fâcheux

disturbed - perturbé, déranger, perturber, gener

" And he added "Only the absence of the clergy was remarked. No doubt the priests understand progress in another fashion. Just as you please, messieurs the followers of Loyola!"

remarked - remarqué, remarque

followers - des adeptes, disciple, follower, poursuivant, fr

Chapter Nine

Six weeks passed. Rodolphe did not come again. At last one evening he appeared.

The day after the show he had said to himself""We mustn't go back too soon; that would be a mistake."

mustn - ne doit pas

And at the end of a week he had gone off hunting. After the hunting he had thought it was too late, and then he reasoned thus"

gone off - s'etteindre

"If from the first day she loved me, she must from impatience to see me again love me more. let's go on with it!"

let's go - On y va

And he knew that his calculation had been right when, on entering the room, he saw Emma turn pale.

calculation - calcul

turn pale - pâlir

She was alone. The day was drawing in. The small muslin curtain along the windows deepened the twilight, and the gilding of the barometer, on which the rays of the sun fell, shone in the looking-glass between the meshes of the coral.

deepened - approfondi, approfondir, intensifier

barometer - barometre, barometre

meshes - mailles, maillage, maille, engrenage, concorder

Rodolphe remained standing, and Emma hardly answered his first conventional phrases.

"I," he said, "have been busy. I have been ill."

"Seriously?" she cried.

"Well," said Rodolphe, sitting down at her side on a footstool, "no; it was because I did not want to come back."

sitting down - assis

"Why?"

"Can you not guess?"

He looked at her again, but so hard that she lowered her head, blushing. He went on"

blushing - rougir, (blush) rougir

"Emma!"

"Sir," she said, drawing back a little.

"Ah! you see," replied he in a melancholy voice, "that I was right not to come back; for this name, this name that fills my whole soul, and that escaped me, you forbid me to use! Madame Bovary! why all the world calls you thus! Besides, it is not your name; it is the name of another!"

forbid - interdire, nier, dénier

He repeated, "of another!" And he hid his face in his hands.

"Yes, I think of you constantly. The memory of you drives me to despair. Ah! forgive me! I will leave you! Farewell! I will go far away, so far that you will never hear of me again; and yet"to-day"I know not what force impelled me towards you. For one does not struggle against Heaven; one cannot resist the smile of angels; one is carried away by that which is beautiful, charming, adorable."

forgive - pardonner

hear of - Entendre parler de

impelled - poussé, motiver, inciter, pousser, propulser, éjecter

resist - résister

carried away - emportée

adorable - adorable

It was the first time that Emma had heard such words spoken to herself, and her pride, like one who reposes bathed in warmth, expanded softly and fully at this glowing language.

reposes - repose, repos

fully - pleinement, entierement, completement

glowing - rayonnante, briller, luire, irradier, lueur

"But if I did not come," he continued, "if I could not see you, at least I have gazed long on all that surrounds you. At night-every night-I arose; I came hither; I watched your house, its glimmering in the moon, the trees in the garden swaying before your window, and the little lamp, a gleam shining through the window-panes in the darkness. Ah!

shining - brillant, tibia

you never knew that there, so near you, so far from you, was a poor wretch!"

wretch - malheureux, malheureux/-euse

She turned towards him with a sob.

sob - sanglot, fdp

"Oh, you are good!" she said.

"No, I love you, that is all! You do not doubt that! Tell me"one word"only one word!"

And Rodolphe imperceptibly glided from the footstool to the ground; but a sound of wooden shoes was heard in the kitchen, and he noticed the door of the room was not closed.

"How kind it would be of you," he went on, rising, "if you would humour a whim of mine." It was to go over her house; he wanted to know it; and Madame Bovary seeing no objection to this, they both rose, when Charles came in.

humour - l'humour, humour, humeur, disposition, amadouer

whim - caprice

"Good morning, doctor," Rodolphe said to him.

The doctor, flattered at this unexpected title, launched out into obsequious phrases. Of this the other took advantage to pull himself together a little.

flattered - flattée, flatter

launched - lancé, lancer

"Madame was speaking to me," he then said, "about her health."

Charles interrupted him; he had indeed a thousand anxieties; his wife's palpitations of the heart were beginning again. Then Rodolphe asked if riding would not be good.

anxieties - angoisses, anxiété, inquiétude, angoisse

"Certainly! excellent! just the thing! There's an idea! You ought to follow it up."

excellent - excellent

And as she objected that she had no horse, Monsieur Rodolphe offered one. She refused his offer; he did not insist. Then to explain his visit he said that his ploughman, the man of the blood-letting, still suffered from giddiness.

refused - refusé, refuser de

insist - insister

"I'll call around," said Bovary.

"No, no! I'll send him to you; we'll come; that will be more convenient for you."

"Ah! very good! I thank you."

And as soon as they were alone, "Why don't you accept Monsieur Boulanger's kind offer?"

She assumed a sulky air, invented a thousand excuses, and finally declared that perhaps it would look odd.

assumed - supposé, supposer, présupposer, présumer, assumer, adopter

sulky - boudeur, boudeuse

"Well, What the deuce do I care for that?" said Charles, making a pirouette. "Health before everything! You are wrong."

What the deuce - Qu'est-ce que c'est que ça

pirouette - pirouette

"And how do you think I can ride when I haven't got a habit?"

"You must order one," he answered.

The riding-habit decided her.

riding-habit - (riding-habit) habitude d'équitation

When the habit was ready, Charles wrote to Monsieur Boulanger that his wife was at his command, and that they counted on his good-nature.

The next day at noon Rodolphe appeared at Charles's door with two saddle-horses. One had pink rosettes at his ears and a deerskin side-saddle.

at noon - a midi

rosettes - rosettes, rosette, chou

deerskin - peau de cerf

side-saddle - (side-saddle) selle latérale

Rodolphe had put on high soft boots, saying to himself that no doubt she had never seen anything like them. In fact, Emma was charmed with his appearance as he stood on the landing in his great velvet coat and white corduroy breeches. She was ready; she was waiting for him.

corduroy - velours côtelé

Justin escaped from the chemist's to see her start, and the chemist also came out. He was giving Monsieur Boulanger a little good advice.

"An accident happens so easily. Be careful! Your horses perhaps are mettlesome."

mettlesome - métallurgique

She heard a noise above her; it was Félicité drumming on the windowpanes to amuse little Berthe. The child blew her a kiss; her mother answered with a wave of her whip.

drumming - le tambour, tambour

windowpanes - vitres, vitre, carreau

"A pleasant ride!" cried Monsieur Homais. "Prudence! above all, prudence!" And he flourished his newspaper as he saw them disappear.

flourished - a prospéré, fleurir, brandir, gesticulation

As soon as he felt the ground, Emma's horse set off at a gallop.

Rodolphe galloped by her side. Now and then they exchanged a word. Her figure slightly bent, her hand well up, and her right arm stretched out, she gave herself up to the cadence of the movement that rocked her in her saddle.

galloped - galopé, galop, galoper

rocked - bercé, COR

At the bottom of the hill Rodolphe gave his horse its head; they started together at a bound, then at the top suddenly the horses stopped, and her large blue veil fell about her.

It was early in October. There was fog over the land. Hazy clouds hovered on the horizon between the outlines of the hills; others, rent asunder, floated up and disappeared. Sometimes through a rift in the clouds, beneath a ray of sunshine, gleamed from afar the roots of Yonville, with the gardens at the water's edge, the yards, the walls and the church steeple.

hazy - brumeux, flou, trouble, vague

hovered - en vol stationnaire, éventiller, faire du sur-place, hésiter

rift - faille, fissure, fente

sunshine - soleil, lumiere du soleil

Emma half closed her eyes to pick out her house, and never had this poor village where she lived appeared so small. From the height on which they were the whole valley seemed an immense pale lake sending off its vapour into the air. Clumps of trees here and there stood out like black rocks, and the tall lines of the poplars that rose above the mist were like a beach stirred by the wind.

pick out - choisir

lake - lac, marin

clumps - des touffes, amas, touffe, massif

By the side, on the turf between the pines, a brown light shimmered in the warm atmosphere. The earth, ruddy like the powder of tobacco, deadened the noise of their steps, and with the edge of their shoes the horses as they walked kicked the fallen fir cones in front of them.

turf - gazon, motte de gazon, hippodrome, champ de courses, gazonner

shimmered - chatoyante, miroiter

ruddy - ruddy, rougeâtre

fir - sapin

cones - cônes, surface conique, cône, pomme de pin, pive

Rodolphe and Emma thus went along the skirt of the wood. She turned away from time to time to avoid his look, and then she saw only the pine trunks in lines, whose monotonous succession made her a little giddy. The horses were panting; the leather of the saddles creaked.

avoid - éviter, fuir

pine - pin

giddy - étourdi, étourdissant

saddles - selles, selle

Just as they were entering the forest the sun shone out.

"God protects us!" said Rodolphe.

"Do you think so?" she said.

"Forward! forward!" he continued.

He "tchk'd" with his tongue. The two beasts set off at a trot.

Long ferns by the roadside caught in Emma's stirrup.

stirrup - étrier

Rodolphe leant forward and removed them as they rode along. At other times, to turn aside the branches, he passed close to her, and Emma felt his knee brushing against her leg. The sky was now blue, the leaves no longer stirred.

brushing - le brossage, brossant, (brush), brosse, brossage, accrochage

There were spaces full of heather in flower, and plots of violets alternated with the confused patches of the trees that were grey, fawn, or golden coloured, according to the nature of their leaves. Often in the thicket was heard the fluttering of wings, or else the hoarse, soft cry of the ravens flying off amidst the oaks.

heather - bruyere, bruyere, callune, éricacée

plots - des complots, intrigue, lopin, diagramme, graphique, complot

violets - des violettes, violet, violette

alternated - en alternance, alternatif, alternative, alterner

Fawn - fauve, faon

thicket - fourré, maquis

hoarse - rauque, rugueux

They dismounted. Rodolphe fastened up the horses. She walked on in front on the moss between the paths. But her long habit got in her way, although she held it up by the skirt; and Rodolphe, walking behind her, saw between the black cloth and the black shoe the fineness of her white stocking, that seemed to him as if it were a part of her nakedness.

dismounted - a pied, démonter, descendre

fineness - finesse, élancement

nakedness - la nudité, nudité

She stopped. "I am tired," she said.

"Come, try again," he went on. "Courage!"

Then some hundred paces farther on she again stopped, and through her veil, that fell sideways from her man's hat over her hips, her face appeared in a bluish transparency as if she were floating under azure waves.

bluish - bleuâtre, bleuté, légerement bleu

transparency - la transparence, transparence

"But where are we going?"

He did not answer. She was breathing irregularly. Rodolphe looked round him biting his moustache. They came to a larger space where the coppice had been cut. They sat down on the trunk of a fallen tree, and Rodolphe began speaking to her of his love. He did not begin by frightening her with compliments. He was calm, serious, melancholy.

irregularly - irrégulierement

coppice - taillis, boqueteau, rejeter de souche

frightening - effrayant, effrayer, redouter, terrifier

Emma listened to him with bowed head, and stirred the bits of wood on the ground with the tip of her foot. But at the words, "Are not our destinies now one?"

destinies - destins, destin

"Oh, no!" she replied. "You know that well. It is impossible!" She rose to go. He seized her by the wrist. She stopped. Then, having gazed at him for a few moments with an amorous and humid look, she said hurriedly"

humid - mouillé, humide

"Ah! do not speak of it again! Where are the horses? Let us go back."

He made a gesture of anger and annoyance. She repeated:

annoyance - l'agacement, ennui, nuisance, irritation, checkagacement

"Where are the horses? Where are the horses?"

Then smiling a strange smile, his pupil fixed, his teeth set, he advanced with outstretched arms. She recoiled trembling. She stammered:

"Oh, you frighten me! You hurt me! Let me go!"

"If it must be," he went on, his face changing; and he again became respectful, caressing, timid. She gave him her arm. They went back. He said"

respectful - respectueux

"What was the matter with you? Why? I do not understand. You were mistaken, no doubt. In my soul you are as a Madonna on a pedestal, in a place lofty, secure, immaculate. But I need you to live! I must have your eyes, your voice, your thought! Be my friend, my sister, my angel!"

secure - sécurisé, sur, sécuriser

immaculate - immaculée

angel - ange

And he put out his arm round her waist. She feebly tried to disengage herself. He supported her thus as they walked along.

disengage - se désengager, désengager

But they heard the two horses browsing on the leaves.

browsing - la navigation, abroutissement, (brows) la navigation

"Oh! One moment!" said Rodolphe. "Do not let us go! Stay!"

One moment - Un moment

He drew her farther on to a small pool where duckweeds made a greenness on the water. Faded water lilies lay motionless between the reeds. At the noise of their steps in the grass, frogs jumped away to hide themselves.

duckweeds - les lentilles d'eau, lentille d’eau

greenness - verdure, verdeur

lilies - des lys, lys

frogs - des grenouilles, grenouille

"I am wrong! I am wrong!" she said. "I am mad to listen to you!"

"Why? Emma! Emma!"

"Oh, Rodolphe!" said the young woman slowly, leaning on his shoulder.

The cloth of her habit caught against the velvet of his coat. She threw back her white neck, swelling with a sigh, and faltering, in tears, with a long shudder and hiding her face, She gave herself up to him"

swelling - gonflement, (swell)

faltering - en perte de vitesse, (falter), vaciller

hiding - se cacher, (hid) se cacher

She gave herself up to him - Elle s'est livrée a lui

The shades of night were falling; the horizontal sun passing between the branches dazzled the eyes. Here and there around her, in the leaves or on the ground, trembled luminous patches, as it hummingbirds flying about had scattered their feathers.

hummingbirds - les colibris, colibri, oiseau-mouche, qualifier

Silence was everywhere; something sweet seemed to come forth from the trees; she felt her heart, whose beating had begun again, and the blood coursing through her flesh like a stream of milk. Then far away, beyond the wood, on the other hills, she heard a vague prolonged cry, a voice which lingered, and in silence she heard it mingling like music with the last pulsations of her throbbing nerves.

lingered - s'est attardé, s'installer, stagner, s'incruster, s'éteindre

pulsations - des pulsations, pulsation

Rodolphe, a cigar between his lips, was mending with his penknife one of the two broken bridles.

mending - raccommodage, (mend), réparer, raccommoder, rapiécer

penknife - canif

bridles - brides, bride, brider, refréner, etre susceptible

They returned to Yonville by the same road. On the mud they saw again the traces of their horses side by side, the same thickets, the same stones to the grass; nothing around them seemed changed; and yet for her something had happened more stupendous than if the mountains had moved in their places. Rodolphe now and again bent forward and took her hand to kiss it.

stupendous - stupéfiante

She was charming on horseback"upright, with her slender waist, her knee bent on the mane of her horse, her face somewhat flushed by the fresh air in the red of the evening.

on horseback - a cheval

bent on - Etre déterminé a

flushed - rincé, rougeur

On entering Yonville she made her horse prance in the road. People looked at her from the windows.

prance - prance, se cabrer, parader

At dinner her husband thought she looked well, but she pretended not to hear him when he inquired about her ride, and she remained sitting there with her elbow at the side of her plate between the two lighted candles.

"Emma!" he said.

"What?"

"Well, I spent the afternoon at Monsieur Alexandre's. He has an old cob, still very fine, only a little broken-kneed, and that could be bought; I am sure, for a hundred crowns." He added, "And thinking it might please you, I have bespoken it"bought it. Have I done right? Do tell me?"

cob - cob, épi

She nodded her head in assent; then a quarter of an hour later"

assent - l'assentiment, assentir, assentiment

"Are you going out to-night?" she asked.

"Yes. Why?"

"Oh, nothing, nothing, my dear!"

And as soon as she had got rid of Charles she went and shut herself up in her room.

At first she felt stunned; she saw the trees, the paths, the ditches, Rodolphe, and she again felt the pressure of his arm, while the leaves rustled and the reeds whistled.

But when she saw herself in the glass she wondered at her face. Never had her eyes been so large, so black, of so profound a depth. Something subtle about her being transfigured her. She repeated, "I have a lover! a lover!" delighting at the idea as if a second puberty had come to her. So at last she was to know those joys of love, that fever of happiness of which she had despaired!

depth - profondeur, épaisseur

delighting - ravissant, plaisir, délice, joie, enchanter, ravir

puberty - la puberté, puberté

joys of love - les joies de l'amour

despaired - désespéré, désespérer, désespoir

She was entering upon marvels where all would be passion, ecstasy, delirium. An azure infinity encompassed her, the heights of sentiment sparkled under her thought, and ordinary existence appeared only afar off, down below in the shade, through the interspaces of these heights.

marvels - merveilles, etre

delirium - le délire, délire

encompassed - englobé, encercler, entourer, englober, inclure, comprendre

sparkled - étincelait, étincellement

Then she recalled the heroines of the books that she had read, and the lyric legion of these adulterous women began to sing in her memory with the voice of sisters that charmed her. She became herself, as it were, an actual part of these imaginings, and realised the love-dream of her youth as she saw herself in this type of amorous women whom she had so envied.

heroines - des héroines, héroine

legion - légion

Besides, Emma felt a satisfaction of revenge. Had she not suffered enough? But now she triumphed, and the love so long pent up burst forth in full joyous bubblings. She tasted it without remorse, without anxiety, without trouble.

triumphed - triomphé, triomphe

pent - pent

bubblings - des bulles

remorse - des remords, remords, componction

The day following passed with a new sweetness. They made vows to one another She told him of her sorrows. Rodolphe interrupted her with kisses; and she looking at him through half-closed eyes, asked him to call her again by her name"to say that he loved her They were in the forest, as yesterday, in the shed of some woodenshoe maker. The walls were of straw, and the roof so low they had to stoop.

woodenshoe - woodenshoe

They were seated side by side on a bed of dry leaves.

From that day forth they wrote to one another regularly every evening. Emma placed her letter at the end of the garden, by the river, in a fissure of the wall. Rodolphe came to fetch it, and put another there, that she always found fault with as too short.

fissure - fissure

One morning, when Charles had gone out before day break, she was seized with the fancy to see Rodolphe at once. She would go quickly to La Huchette, stay there an hour, and be back again at Yonville while everyone was still asleep. This idea made her pant with desire, and she soon found herself in the middle of the field, walking with rapid steps, without looking behind her.

pant - pant, haleter

Day was just breaking. Emma from afar recognised her lover's house. Its two dove-tailed weathercocks stood out black against the pale dawn.

tailed - a queue, queue

weathercocks - girouettes, girouette

dawn - l'aube, se lever, naître, aube, lever du soleil, aurore

Beyond the farmyard there was a detached building that she thought must be the château She entered"it was if the doors at her approach had opened wide of their own accord. A large straight staircase led up to the corridor. Emma raised the latch of a door, and suddenly at the end of the room she saw a man sleeping. It was Rodolphe. She uttered a cry.

detached - détaché, détacher

latch - le loquet, loquet

"You here? You here?" he repeated. "How did you manage to come? Ah! your dress is damp."

manage - gérer, ménager, diriger, manier, parvenir, réussir, accomplir

"I love you," she answered, throwing her arms about his neck.

This first piece of daring successful, now every time Charles went out early Emma dressed quickly and slipped on tiptoe down the steps that led to the waterside.

waterside - au bord de l'eau

But when the plank for the cows was taken up, she had to go by the walls alongside of the river; the bank was slippery; in order not to fall she caught hold of the tufts of faded wallflowers. Then she went across ploughed fields, in which she sank, stumbling; and clogging her thin shoes. Her scarf, knotted round her head, fluttered to the wind in the meadows.

alongside - a côté, a côté, a côté de, le long de

ploughed - labouré, charrue, araire, labourer, pilonner

sank - a coulé, couler, s'enfoncer, évier, lavabo

stumbling - trébucher, chute, faux pas, bourde

clogging - le colmatage, sabot, bouchon, boucher

She was afraid of the oxen; she began to run; she arrived out of breath, with rosy cheeks, and breathing out from her whole person a fresh perfume of sap, of verdure, of the open air. At this hour Rodolphe still slept. It was like a spring morning coming into his room.

oxen - des boufs

Sap - seve, jus, suc

verdure - verdure, vigueur

The yellow curtains along the windows let a heavy, whitish light enter softly. Emma felt about, opening and closing her eyes, while the drops of dew hanging from her hair formed, as it were, a topaz aureole around her face. Rodolphe, laughing, drew her to him, and pressed her to his breast.

topaz - topaze

Then she examined the apartment, opened the drawers of the tables, combed her hair with his comb, and looked at herself in his shaving-glass. Often she even put between her teeth the big pipe that lay on the table by the bed, amongst lemons and pieces of sugar near a bottle of water.

combed - peigné, combe

It took them a good quarter of an hour to say goodbye. Then Emma cried. She would have wished never to leave Rodolphe. Something stronger than herself forced her to him; so much so, that one day, seeing her come unexpectedly, he frowned as one put out.

unexpectedly - de maniere inattendue, surprenamment

frowned - froncé les sourcils, froncer les sourcils

"What is the matter with you?" she said. "Are you ill? Tell me!"

At last he declared with a serious air that her visits were becoming imprudent"that she was compromising herself.

Chapter Ten

Gradually Rodolphe's fears took possession of her. At first, love had intoxicated her; and she had thought of nothing beyond. But now that he was indispensable to her life, she feared to lose anything of this, or even that it should be disturbed.

fears - des craintes, peur

When she came back from his house she looked all about her, anxiously watching every form that passed in the horizon, and every village window from which she could be seen. She listened for steps, cries, the noise of the ploughs, and she stopped short, white, and trembling more than the aspen leaves swaying overhead.

anxiously - avec anxiété, anxieusement

aspen - tremble

overhead - des frais généraux, dessus, sur, au dessus, aérien, grippage

One morning as she was thus returning, she suddenly thought she saw the long barrel of a carbine that seemed to be aimed at her. It stuck out sideways from the end of a small tub half-buried in the grass on the edge of a ditch. Emma, half-fainting with terror, nevertheless walked on, and a man stepped out of the tub like a Jack-in-the-box.

Carbine - carabine

aimed - visé, viser, pointer

tub - baignoire, bassine, rafiot

terror - la terreur, terreur, effroi, terrorisme

stepped out - sorti

Jack - Jeannot, Jacques, Jacob, Jack

He had gaiters buckled up to the knees, his cap pulled down over his eyes, trembling lips, and a red nose. It was Captain Binet lying in ambush for wild ducks.

ambush - embuscade

ducks - canards, plonger (dans l'eau)

"You ought to have called out long ago!" he exclaimed; "When one sees a gun, one should always give warning."

gun - pistolet, as, rigolo, fusil

The tax-collector was thus trying to hide the fright he had had, for a prefectorial order having prohibited duckhunting except in boats, Monsieur Binet, despite his respect for the laws, was infringing them, and so he every moment expected to see the rural guard turn up. But this anxiety whetted his pleasure, and, all alone in his tub, he congratulated himself on his luck and on his cuteness.

fright - d'effroi, anxiété, peur, frayeur

prefectorial - préfectoral

prohibited - interdites, interdire, prohiber

duckhunting - la chasse aux canards

Except - sauf, faire une exception

infringing - en infraction, enfreindre

turn up - se présenter

whetted - aiguisé, aiguiser

all alone - tout seul

congratulated - félicité, féliciter

cuteness - la mignonnerie, mignoncité, mignonité, mignonitude

at sight of Emma he seemed relieved from a great weight, and at once entered upon a conversation.

at sight - a vue

"It isn't warm; it's nipping."

nipping - la pince, pincer, donner un coup de dent

Emma answered nothing. He went on"

"And you're out so early?"

"Yes," she said stammering; "I am just coming from the nurse where my child is."

"Ah! very good! very good! For myself, I am here, just as you see me, since break of day; but the weather is so muggy, that unless one had the bird at the mouth of the gun""

muggy - muggy, étouffant, humide

"Good evening, Monsieur Binet," she interrupted him, turning on her heel.

"Your servant, madame," he replied drily; and he went back into his tub.

drily - drily

Emma regretted having left the tax-collector so abruptly. No doubt he would form unfavourable conjectures. The story about the nurse was the worst possible excuse, everyone at Yonville knowing that the little Bovary had been at home with her parents for a year. Besides, no one was living in this direction; this path led only to La Huchette.

abruptly - brusquement, abruptement, tout d'un coup, précipitamment

unfavourable - défavorable

direction - direction

Binet, then, would guess whence she came, and he would not keep silence; he would talk, that was certain. She remained until evening racking her brain with every conceivable lying project, and had constantly before her eyes that imbecile with the game-bag.

racking - le rayonnage, (rack) le rayonnage

conceivable - concevable

Charles after dinner, seeing her gloomy, proposed, by way of distraction, to take her to the chemist's, and the first person she caught sight of in the shop was the taxcollector again. He was standing in front of the counter, lit up by the gleams of the red bottle, and was saying"

taxcollector - percepteur d'impôts

gleams - des lueurs, luire

"Please give me half an ounce of vitriol."

ounce - once

vitriol - du vitriol, vitriol

"Justin," cried the druggist, "bring us the sulphuric acid." Then to Emma, who was going up to Madame Homais'room, "No, stay here; it isn't worth while going up; she is just coming down. Warm yourself at the stove in the meantime. Excuse me.

sulphuric acid - l'acide sulfurique

Good-day, doctor," (for the chemist much enjoyed pronouncing the word "doctor," as if addressing another by it reflected on himself some of the grandeur that he found in it). "Now, take care not to upset the mortars! You'd better fetch some chairs from the little room; you know very well that the arm-chairs are not to be taken out of the drawing-room."

pronouncing - prononcer, déclarer, déclamer, lire

grandeur - grandeur, splendeur

mortars - mortiers, mortier

And to put his arm-chair back in its place he was darting away from the counter, when Binet asked him for half an ounce of sugar acid.

darting - darting, dard, fleche

acid - aigre, acide

"Sugar acid!" said the chemist contemptuously, "don't know it; I'm ignorant of it! But perhaps you want oxalic acid. It is oxalic acid, isn't it?"

oxalic acid - l'acide oxalique

Binet explained that he wanted a corrosive to make himself some copperwater with which to remove rust from his hunting things.

corrosive - corrosif

copperwater - l'eau de cuivre

rust - rouille, se rouiller

Emma shuddered. The chemist began saying"

"Indeed the weather is not propitious on account of the damp."

Propitious - favorable, propice, avantageux, de bonne augure

"Nevertheless," replied the tax-collector, with a sly look, "there are people who like it."

She was stifling.

"And give me""

"Will he never go?" thought she.

"Half an ounce of resin and turpentine, four ounces of yellow wax, and three half ounces of animal charcoal, if you please, to clean the varnished leather of my togs."

resin - résine

turpentine - essence de térébenthine

ounces - onces, once

charcoal - charbon de bois, fusain

varnished - vernis, vernir

The druggist was beginning to cut the wax when Madame Homais appeared, Irma in her arms, Napoleon by her side, and Athalie following. She sat down on the velvet seat by the window, and the lad squatted down on a footstool, while his eldest sister hovered round the jujube box near her papa. The latter was filling funnels and corking phials, sticking on labels, making up parcels.

squatted - s'est accroupi, s'accroupir

jujube - jujubier, jujube

funnels - des entonnoirs, entonnoir

sticking on - qui s'accroche

making up - Fabriquer

Around him all were silent; only from time to time, were heard the weights jingling in the balance, and a few low words from the chemist giving directions to his pupil.

weights - poids, lest, graisse, alourdir

balance - l'équilibre, contrepoids, équilibre, solde, balancier, apurer

"And how's the little woman?" suddenly asked Madame Homais.

"Silence!" exclaimed her husband, who was writing down some figures in his waste-book.

"Why didn't you bring her?" she went on in a low voice.

"Hush! hush!" said Emma, pointing with her finger to the druggist.

Hush - chut !, silence

But Binet, quite absorbed in looking over his bill, had probably heard nothing. At last he went out. Then Emma, relieved, uttered a deep sigh.

absorbed in - absorbée

"How hard you are breathing!" said Madame Homais.

"Well, you see, it's rather warm," she replied.

So the next day they talked over how to arrange their rendezvous. Emma wanted to bribe her servant with a present, but it would be better to find some safe house at Yonville. Rodolphe promised to look for one.

arrange - arranger

rendezvous - rendez-vous, se donner rendez-vous, se rencontrer, se rejoindre

bribe - pot-de-vin, verser un pot-de-vin, soudoyer, corrompre

safe - sur, en sécurité, o longer in danger, sans danger, sur, sauf

All through the winter, three or four times a week, in the dead of night he came to the garden. Emma had on purpose taken away the key of the gate, which Charles thought lost.

on purpose - a dessein

To call her, Rodolphe threw a sprinkle of sand at the shutters. She jumped up with a start; but sometimes he had to wait, for Charles had a mania for chatting by the fireside, and he would not stop. She was wild with impatience; if her eyes could have done it, she would have hurled him out at the window.

sprinkle - saupoudrer, asperger

jumped up - a sauté

hurled - lancé, projeter, débecter, débecqueter

At last she would begin to undress, then take up a book, and go on reading very quietly as if the book amused her. But Charles, who was in bed, called to her to come too.

undress - se déshabiller, déshabiller

"Come, now, Emma," he said, "it is time."

"Yes, I am coming," she answered.

Then, as the candles dazzled him; he turned to the wall and fell asleep. She escaped, smiling, palpitating, undressed. Rodolphe had a large cloak; he wrapped her in it, and putting his arm round her waist, he drew her without a word to the end of the garden.

It was in the arbour, on the same seat of old sticks where formerly LĂ©on had looked at her so amorously on the summer evenings. She never thought of him now.

amorously - amoureusement

The stars shone through the leafless jasmine branches. Behind them they heard the river flowing, and now and again on the bank the rustling of the dry reeds. Masses of shadow here and there loomed out in the darkness, and sometimes, vibrating with one movement, they rose up and swayed like immense black waves pressing forward to engulf them.

shone through - a brillé a travers

masses - masses, Masse, Massé

loomed - a été tissé, métier a tisser

vibrating - vibrant, vibrer

The cold of the nights made them clasp closer; the sighs of their lips seemed to them deeper; their eyes that they could hardly see, larger; and in the midst of the silence low words were spoken that fell on their souls sonorous, crystalline, and that reverberated in multiplied vibrations.

crystalline - cristalline, cristallin

reverberated - réverbéré, réverbérer, résonner

vibrations - des vibrations, vibration

When the night was rainy, they took refuge in the consulting-room between the cart-shed and the stable. She lighted one of the kitchen candles that she had hidden behind the books. Rodolphe settled down there as if at home.

rainy - pluvieux

refuge - refuge

The sight of the library, of the bureau, of the whole apartment, in fine, excited his merriment, and he could not refrain from making jokes about Charles, which rather embarrassed Emma. She would have liked to see him more serious, and even on occasions more dramatic; as, for example, when she thought she heard a noise of approaching steps in the alley.

merriment - la gaieté, gaieté

refrain from - s'abstenir

dramatic - dramatique, spectaculaire

alley - allée, ruelle

"Someone is coming!" she said.

He blew out the light.

"Have you your pistols?"

"Why?"

"Why, to defend yourself," replied Emma.

"From your husband? Oh, poor devil!" And Rodolphe finished his sentence with a gesture that said, "I could crush him with a flip of my finger."

crush - le coup de foudre, barricade, béguin, amourette, faible

flip - flip, lancer (en l'air), retourner

She was wonder-stricken at his bravery, although she felt in it a sort of indecency and a naive coarseness that scandalised her.

bravery - la bravoure, courage

coarseness - crudité

Rodolphe reflected a good deal on the affair of the pistols. If she had spoken seriously, it was very ridiculous, he thought, even odious; for he had no reason to hate the good Charles, not being what is called devoured by jealousy; and on this subject Emma had taken a great vow that he did not think in the best of taste.

Besides, she was growing very sentimental. She had insisted on exchanging miniatures; they had cut off handfuls of hair, and now she was asking for a ring"a real wedding-ring, in sign of an eternal union. She often spoke to him of the evening chimes, of the voices of nature. Then she talked to him of her mother"hers! and of his mother"his! Rodolphe had lost his twenty years ago.

exchanging - échanger, (é)changer

miniatures - des figurines, miniature, enluminure, figurine

handfuls - poignées, poignée, manipule

chimes - carillons, carillon

Emma none the less consoled him with caressing words as one would have done a lost child, and she sometimes even said to him, gazing at the moon"

gazing at - a regarder

"I am sure that above there together they approve of our love."

approve - approuver, éprouvé, approuvent, approuvez

But she was so pretty. He had possessed so few women of such ingenuousness. This love without debauchery was a new experience for him, and, drawing him out of his lazy habits, caressed at once his pride and his sensuality. Emma's enthusiasm, which his bourgeois good sense disdained, seemed to him in his heart of hearts charming, since it was lavished on him.

ingenuousness - l'ingénuité, ingénuité

debauchery - la débauche, débauche, dévergondage, débaucherie

caressed - caressé, caresser

sensuality - sensualité

disdained - dédaigné, dédain, mépris, dédaigner, mépriser

Then, sure of being loved, he no longer kept up appearances, and insensibly his ways changed.

appearances - les apparences, apparition, apparence

He had no longer, as formerly, words so gentle that they made her cry, nor passionate caresses that made her mad, so that their great love, which engrossed her life, seemed to lessen beneath her like the water of a stream absorbed into its channel, and she could see the bed of it. She would not believe it; she redoubled in tenderness, and Rodolphe concealed his indifference less and less.

engrossed - absorbé, grossoyer, accaparer, rafler, s'emparer de

lessen - amoindrir, atténuer, diminuer, réduire

Channel - canal, tube, tuyau

redoubled - redoublée, redoubler

She did not know if she regretted having yielded to him, or whether she did not wish, on the contrary, to enjoy him the more. The humiliation of feeling herself weak was turning to rancour, tempered by their voluptuous pleasures. It was not affection; it was like a continual seduction. He subjugated her; she almost feared him.

humiliation - l'humiliation, humiliation

rancour - rancour

continual - continuelle

subjugated - soumis, assujettir

Appearances, nevertheless, were calmer than ever, Rodolphe having succeeded in carrying out the adultery after his own fancy; and at the end of six months, when the spring-time came, they were to one another like a married couple, tranquilly keeping up a domestic flame.

carrying out - l'exécution

adultery - l'adultere, adultere

tranquilly - tranquillement

It was the time of year when old Rouault sent his turkey in remembrance of the setting of his leg. The present always arrived with a letter. Emma cut the string that tied it to the basket, and read the following lines:"

in remembrance of - en souvenir de

"My Dear Children"I hope this will find you well, and that this one will be as good as the others. For it seems to me a little more tender, if I may venture to say so, and heavier. But next time, for a change, I'll give you a turkeycock, unless you have a preference for some dabs; and send me back the hamper, if you please, with the two old ones.

turkeycock - le dindon de la farce

hamper - panier, entraver

I have had an accident with my cart-sheds, whose covering flew off one windy night among the trees. The harvest has not been overgood either. Finally, I don't know when I shall come to see you. It is so difficult now to leave the house since I am alone, my poor Emma."

Here there was a break in the lines, as if the old fellow had dropped his pen to dream a little while.

break in - Cambriolage

"For myself, I am very well, except for a cold I caught the other day at the fair at Yvetot, where I had gone to hire a shepherd, having turned away mine because he was too dainty. How we are to be pitied with such a lot of thieves! Besides, he was also rude.

hire - embaucher, louer

thieves - voleurs, voleur, voleuse

rude - grossier, impoli, malpoli

I heard from a pedlar, who, travelling through your part of the country this winter, had a tooth drawn, that Bovary was as usual working hard. That doesn't surprise me; and he showed me his tooth; we had some coffee together. I asked him if he had seen you, and he said not, but that he had seen two horses in the stables, from which I conclude that business is looking up.

travelling through - Voyager a travers

conclude - conclure

So much the better, my dear children, and may God send you every imaginable happiness! It grieves me not yet to have seen my dear little grand-daughter, Berthe Bovary. I have planted an Orleans plum-tree for her in the garden under your room, and I won't have it touched unless it is to have jam made for her by and bye, that I will keep in the cupboard for her when she comes.

grieves - s'afflige, avoir du chagrin

Orleans - Orléans

plum - prune

"Good-bye, my dear children. I kiss you, my girl, you too, my son-in-law, and the little one on both cheeks. I am, with best compliments, your loving father.

"Theodore Rouault."

She held the coarse paper in her fingers for some minutes. The spelling mistakes were interwoven one with the other, and Emma followed the kindly thought that cackled right through it like a hen half hidden in the hedge of thorns.

cackled - a caqueté, caquet, ricanement, gloussement, caqueter

The writing had been dried with ashes from the hearth, for a little grey powder slipped from the letter on to her dress, and she almost thought she saw her father bending over the hearth to take up the tongs. How long since she had been with him, sitting on the footstool in the chimney-corner, where she used to burn the end of a bit of wood in the great flame of the sea-sedges!

ashes - des cendres, cendre

She remembered the summer evenings all full of sunshine. The colts neighed when anyone passed by, and galloped, galloped. Under her window there was a beehive, and sometimes the bees wheeling round in the light struck against her window like rebounding balls of gold. What happiness there had been at that time, what freedom, what hope! What an abundance of illusions! Nothing was left of them now.

colts - colts, poulain, jeunot

beehive - ruche, fourmiliere, choucroute

bees - abeilles, abeille

wheeling - rouler, Le roulage, (wheel), roue, barre

rebounding - le rebond, rebondir

abundance - l'abondance, abondance

She had got rid of them all in her soul's life, in all her successive conditions of life, maidenhood, her marriage, and her love"thus constantly losing them all her life through, like a traveller who leaves something of his wealth at every inn along his road.

maidenhood - la virginité, virginité

But what then, made her so unhappy? What was the extraordinary catastrophe that had transformed her? And she raised her head, looking round as if to seek the cause of that which made her suffer.

transformed - transformé, transformer, transformée

seek - chercher

An April ray was dancing on the china of the whatnot; the fire burned; beneath her slippers she felt the softness of the carpet; the day was bright, the air warm, and she heard her child shouting with laughter.

whatnot - quoi que ce soit, étagere

burned - brulé, bruler

In fact, the little girl was just then rolling on the lawn in the midst of the grass that was being turned. She was lying flat on her stomach at the top of a rick. The servant was holding her by her skirt. Lestiboudois was raking by her side, and every time he came near she lent forward, beating the air with both her arms.

lawn - pelouse, gazon, gazer

rick - rick

raking - le ratissage, (rake) le ratissage

"Bring her to me," said her mother, rushing to embrace her. "How I love you, my poor child! How I love you!"

rushing - se précipiter, (rush) se précipiter

Then noticing that the tips of her ears were rather dirty, she rang at once for warm water, and washed her, changed her linen, her stockings, her shoes, asked a thousand questions about her health, as if on the return from a long journey, and finally, kissing her again and crying a little, she gave her back to the servant, who stood quite thunderstricken at this excess of tenderness.

That evening Rodolphe found her more serious than usual.

"That will pass over," he concluded; "it's a whim:"

pass over - Passer par-dessus

concluded - conclu, conclure

And he missed three rendezvous running. When he did come, she showed herself cold and almost contemptuous.

contemptuous - méprisante, méprisant, dédaigneux, contempteur

"Ah! you're losing your time, my lady!"

And he pretended not to notice her melancholy sighs, nor the handkerchief she took out.

Then Emma repented. She even asked herself why she detested Charles; if it had not been better to have been able to love him? But he gave her no opportunities for such a revival of sentiment, so that she was much embarrassed by her desire for sacrifice, when the druggist came just in time to provide her with an opportunity.

repented - repentie, se repentir

revival - renouveau, renaissance, résurrection, réveil

Chapter Eleven

He had recently read a eulogy on a new method for curing club-foot, and as he was a partisan of progress, he conceived the patriotic idea that Yonville, in order to keep to the fore, ought to have some operations for strephopody or club-foot.

recently - dernierement, récemment, ces derniers temps

eulogy - éloge funebre, éloge

method - méthode, modalité

curing - le durcissement, guérir, soigner

partisan - partisan, partisan/-ane

conceived - conçu, concevoir, tomber enceinte

operations - des opérations, opération, fonctionnement, exploitation

strephopody - strephopodie

"For," said he to Emma, "what risk is there? See"" (and he enumerated on his fingers the advantages of the attempt), "success, almost certain relief and beautifying of the patient, celebrity acquired by the operator. Why, for example, should not your husband relieve poor Hippolyte of the ˜Lion d'Or'?

enumerated - énumérés, énoncer, dénombrer

advantages - avantages, avantage, avantager

beautifying - l'embellissement, embellir

celebrity - célébrité, people

acquired - acquis, acquérir

operator - opérateur, téléphoniste

relieve - soulager, relayer, faire ses besoins, se soulager

Note that he would not fail to tell about his cure to all the travellers, and then" (Homais lowered his voice and looked round him) "who is to prevent me from sending a short paragraph on the subject to the paper? Eh! goodness me! an article gets about; it is talked of; it ends by making a snowball! And who knows? who knows?"

fail - échouer

eh - eh

snowball - boule de neige, balle de neige

In fact, Bovary might succeed. Nothing proved to Emma that he was not clever; and what a satisfaction for her to have urged him to a step by which his reputation and fortune would be increased! She only wished to lean on something more solid than love.

Succeed - succéder, réussir, avoir du succes

more solid - plus solide

Charles, urged by the druggist and by her, allowed himself to be persuaded. He sent to Rouen for Dr. Duval's volume, and every evening, holding his head be