Middlemarch with English-Spanish Dictionary by George Eliot (online free books)

Middlemarch con un práctico diccionario inglés-espanol (best ebooks to read)

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Middlemarch Text

George - Jorge


Prelude - preludio, antesala

Who that cares much to know the history of man, and how the mysterious mixture behaves under the varying experiments of Time, has not dwelt, at least briefly, on the life of saint Theresa, has not smiled with some gentleness at the thought of the little girl walking forth one morning hand-in-hand with her still smaller brother, to go and seek martyrdom in the country of the Moors? Out they toddled from rugged Avila, wide-eyed and helpless-looking as two fawns, but with human hearts, already beating to a national idea; until domestic reality met them in the shape of uncles, and turned them back from their great resolve.

mysterious - misterioso

varying - variando; variar

dwelt - habitó; habitar, morar

briefly - revemente; concisamente

saint - Santo

gentleness - gentileza; suavidad, dulzura

forth - adelante

seek - buscar

martyrdom - martirio

moors - páramos; páramo

toddled - caminó; tambalearse

rugged - robusto; escabroso, accidentado; (rug); tapete, alfombra

helpless - desamparado; indefenso, incapaz

fawns - cervatillos; cervato

domestic - doméstico, nacional, empleada doméstica, empleada, malos tratos

resolve - tomar la decisión de, resolver

That child-pilgrimage was a fit beginning. Theresa's passionate, ideal nature demanded an epic life: what were many-volumed romances of chivalry and the social conquests of a brilliant girl to her? Her flame quickly burned up that light fuel; and, fed from within, soared after some illimitable satisfaction, some object which would never justify weariness, which would reconcile self-despair with the rapturous consciousness of life beyond self. She found her epos in the reform of a religious order.

pilgrimage - peregrinación, peregrinaje, peregrinar

passionate - apasionado

demanded - exigió; demanda, exigencia, exigir, demandar

epic - epopeya, poema épico

volumed - volumen

romances - romances; romance

chivalry - caballerismo; caballerosidad

conquests - conquistas; conquista

flame - flama, llama

soared - e disparó; planear, elevarse, planar

illimitable - ilimitable

satisfaction - satisfacción, satisfacción

justify - legitimar, justificar, absolver

reconcile - reconciliar, avenir

self - yo; uno mismo

despair - desesperar, desesperanzar, desesperación, desesperanza

consciousness - conciencia

beyond - más allá de

Reform - reforma, reformar

That Spanish woman who lived three hundred years ago, was certainly not the last of her kind. Many Theresas have been born who found for themselves no epic life wherein there was a constant unfolding of far-resonant action; perhaps only a life of mistakes, the offspring of a certain spiritual grandeur ill-matched with the meanness of opportunity; perhaps a tragic failure which found no sacred poet and sank unwept into oblivion. With dim lights and tangled circumstance they tried to shape their thought and deed in noble agreement; but after all, to common eyes their struggles seemed mere inconsistency and formlessness; for these later-born Theresas were helped by no coherent social faith and order which could perform the function of knowledge for the ardently willing soul.

Spanish - espanol; espanol, castellano, espanol, castellano, hispano

wherein - En qué

constant - constante, perseverante, firme, constante

unfolding - desarrollándose; (unfold); desplegar

resonant - resonante

offspring - escendencia; vástago, descendiente, sucesor

spiritual - espiritual, espiritual

grandeur - grandeza

meanness - mezquindad

tragic - trágico

failure - fallo, fracaso, fiasco, fracasado, avería

sacred - sagrado

oblivion - olvido, desmemoria, oscuridad, panish: t-needed

dim - débil, ténue

tangled - enredado; desorden, marana, enredo

circumstance - circunstancia

deed - hecho, acto, acción, obra, hazana; (dee); hecho, acto, acción

noble - noble

struggles - luchas; lucha, forcejeo, brega, luchar, esforzarse con denuedo

mere - simple, mero

inconsistency - incoherencia; inconsistencia

coherent - coherente

Faith - fe, confianza

ardently - con ardor

soul - alma, espíritu

Their ardor alternated between a vague ideal and the common yearning of womanhood; so that the one was disapproved as extravagance, and the other condemned as a lapse.

ardor - fervor, ardor, pasión

alternated - alternado; alterno, sustituta, sustituto, alternar

vague - vago, impreciso

yearning - Anhelo; (yearn) Anhelo

womanhood - mujer; feminidad

extravagance - extravagancia

condemned - condenado; condenar, clausurar

lapse - lapso, desliz, prescripción

Some have felt that these blundering lives are due to the inconvenient indefiniteness with which the Supreme Power has fashioned the natures of women: if there were one level of feminine incompetence as strict as the ability to count three and no more, the social lot of women might be treated with scientific certitude. Meanwhile the indefiniteness remains, and the limits of variation are really much wider than any one would imagine from the sameness of women's coiffure and the favorite love-stories in prose and verse. Here and there a cygnet is reared uneasily among the ducklings in the brown pond, and never finds the living stream in fellowship with its own oary-footed kind.

blundering - trompicones; (blunder); error

inconvenient - incómodo, inconveniente

supreme - supremo

feminine - femenino, femenil, de mujeres, femenino

incompetence - incompetencia

strict - estricto

certitude - certeza; certidumbre

variation - variación

sameness - igualdad; mismidad

coiffure - peinado, tocado

prose - prosa

verse - verso; estrofa

cygnet - pollo (de cisne)

reared - criado; parte trasera

uneasily - Inquieta

ducklings - Patos

pond - estanque

stream - corriente, flujo, arroyo, fluir, recibir flujo, (2) checkcorrer

fellowship - companerismo; confraternidad, beca

Here and there is born a Saint Theresa, foundress of nothing, whose loving heart-beats and sobs after an unattained goodness tremble off and are dispersed among hindrances, instead of centring in some long-recognizable deed.

Saint - San, Santa, Santo

foundress - Fundadora

sobs - sollozos; hdp

unattained - alcanzado

goodness - bondad

tremble - tiritar, temblar, temblor, vibración, temblequera

dispersed - dispersión; dispersar

hindrances - obstáculos; obstáculo, rémora, traba, impedimento

recognizable - reconocible



Since I can do no good because a woman,

Reach constantly at something that is near it.

constantly - constantemente


maid - mucama; doncella, senorita, doméstica, empleada doméstica

tragedy - tragedia

Fletcher - flechero

Miss Brooke had that kind of beauty which seems to be thrown into relief by poor dress. Her hand and wrist were so finely formed that she could wear sleeves not less bare of style than those in which the Blessed Virgin appeared to Italian painters; and her profile as well as her stature and bearing seemed to gain the more dignity from her plain garments, which by the side of provincial fashion gave her the impressiveness of a fine quotation from the Bible,"or from one of our elder poets,"in a paragraph of to-day's newspaper. She was usually spoken of as being remarkably clever, but with the addition that her sister Celia had more common-sense. Nevertheless, Celia wore scarcely more trimmings; and it was only to close observers that her dress differed from her sister's, and had a shade of coquetry in its arrangements; for Miss Brooke's plain dressing was due to mixed conditions, in most of which her sister shared. The pride of being ladies had something to do with it: the Brooke connections, though not exactly aristocratic, were unquestionably "good:" if you inquired backward for a generation or two, you would not find any yard-measuring or parcel-tying forefathers"anything lower than an admiral or a clergyman; and there was even an ancestor discernible as a Puritan gentleman who served under Cromwell, but afterwards conformed, and managed to come out of all political troubles as the proprietor of a respectable family estate. Young women of such birth, living in a quiet country-house, and attending a village church hardly larger than a parlor, naturally regarded frippery as the ambition of a huckster's daughter. Then there was well-bred economy, which in those days made show in dress the first item to be deducted from, when any margin was required for expenses more distinctive of rank. Such reasons would have been enough to account for plain dress, quite apart from religious feeling; but in Miss Brooke's case, religion alone would have determined it; and Celia mildly acquiesced in all her sister's sentiments, only infusing them with that common-sense which is able to accept momentous doctrines without any eccentric agitation.

relief - alivio

wrist - muneca; muneca

finely - Finamente

sleeves - mangas; manga, funda, enfundar

bare - desnudo, descubierto

blessed - bendecido; bendito; (bless) bendecido; bendito

Virgin - virgen, doncel, doncella, senorita

stature - estatura

gain - ganar, adquirir, obtener, conseguir

dignity - dignidad

plain - plano; sencillo; liso; sin ornamentos; llano (persona)

garments - prendas de vestir; prenda, prenda de vestir

provincial - provincial, provinciano, paleto

impressiveness - Impresionante

Bible - la biblia; biblia

remarkably - otablemente; extraordinariamente

nevertheless - a pesar de todo; sin embargo, a pesar de esto, con todo

scarcely - apenas, difícilmente

trimmings - Recorte

observers - observadores; observador

differed - diferían; ser distinto

shade - sombra, persiana, umbral, tono, matiz, sombrear, matizar

coquetry - coquetería

pride - orgullo, soberbia, cachondez, toriondez, verriondez, manada

aristocratic - aristocrático

unquestionably - indudablemente

inquired - preguntó; investigar, informarse

backward - hacia atrás; atrasado, rezagado, subdesarrollado

parcel - paquete, parcela, hatajo, embalar, parcelar

forefathers - antepasados; ancestro, antepasado, ascendiente, predecesor

admiral - almirante, panish: t-needed

clergyman - clérigo

ancestor - ancestro, antepasado

Puritan - puritano

afterwards - después

Proprietor - propietario

respectable - respetable

estate - patrimonio; propiedad, inmueble, bien, estamento, finca

parlor - salón; sala, sala de estar

regarded - considerado; considerar

bred - criado; (breed); criar, procrear, aparearse, cultivar

margin - margen

distinctive - distintivo, definitorio, característico

rank - rango, graduación

mildly - Suavemente

acquiesced - aceptó; consentir

sentiments - sentimientos; sentimiento

momentous - rascendental; importante, crucial, memorable

doctrines - octrinas; doctrina

eccentric - excéntrico

agitation - agitación, desasosiego, inquietud

Dorothea knew many passages of Pascal's Pensees and of Jeremy Taylor by heart; and to her the destinies of mankind, seen by the light of Christianity, made the solicitudes of feminine fashion appear an occupation for Bedlam. She could not reconcile the anxieties of a spiritual life involving eternal consequences, with a keen interest in gimp and artificial protrusions of drapery. Her mind was theoretic, and yearned by its nature after some lofty conception of the world which might frankly include the parish of Tipton and her own rule of conduct there; she was enamoured of intensity and greatness, and rash in embracing whatever seemed to her to have those aspects; likely to seek martyrdom, to make retractations, and then to incur martyrdom after all in a quarter where she had not sought it. Certainly such elements in the character of a marriageable girl tended to interfere with her lot, and hinder it from being decided according to custom, by good looks, vanity, and merely canine affection. With all this, she, the elder of the sisters, was not yet twenty, and they had both been educated, since they were about twelve years old and had lost their parents, on plans at once narrow and promiscuous, first in an English family and afterwards in a Swiss family at Lausanne, their bachelor uncle and guardian trying in this way to remedy the disadvantages of their orphaned condition.

passages - pasajes; pasillo, pasadizo

Pascal - pascal

Taylor - Sastre

destinies - destinos; destino, sino

mankind - la humanidad; humanidad, género humano, raza humana

Christianity - cristianismo

solicitudes - solicitudes; solicitud

occupation - ocupación

bedlam - \"bedlam\"; pandemonio, caos

anxieties - nsiedades; zozobra, ansiedad, inquietud

eternal - eterno, eternal

artificial - artificial

protrusions - protuberancias; protuberancia, protrusión

drapery - cortinas; cortina

theoretic - teórico

yearned - anorado; anhelar

lofty - altivo; majestuoso

conception - concepción

frankly - francamente

parish - parroquia

conduct - conducción, conducta, guiar, dirigir, manejar, conducir

enamoured - Enamorar

intensity - intensidad

greatness - grandeza

rash - sarpullido; imprudente

embracing - abrazar, abrazo

Aspects - aspectos; aspecto

retractations - retractación

incur - incurrir

sought - buscado; buscar

interfere - panish: t-needed

hinder - retrasar; impedir; dificultar

vanity - vanidad

merely - simplemente; meramente, puramente, solamente, sólo

canine - canino, perruno

affection - afecto, carino, apego

promiscuous - promiscua; promiscuo

Swiss - suizo, helvético, suizo, suiza

bachelor - soltero; solterón, bachiller, título de grado, licenciatura

guardian - guardián, guardia, apoderado, tutor, custodio, jefe

remedy - remedio, recurso, remediar

orphaned - huérfano, huérfana

It was hardly a year since they had come to live at Tipton Grange with their uncle, a man nearly sixty, of acquiescent temper, miscellaneous opinions, and uncertain vote. He had travelled in his younger years, and was held in this part of the county to have contracted a too rambling habit of mind. Mr. Brooke's conclusions were as difficult to predict as the weather: it was only safe to say that he would act with benevolent intentions, and that he would spend as little money as possible in carrying them out.

grange - Granja

acquiescent - condescendiente; aquiescente

temper - temperamento, temple, templar, temperar

miscellaneous - varios, misceláneo

uncertain - incierto

county - condado

contracted - contratado; contraer

rambling - ivagando; perorata; (ramble); pasearse, callejear, divagar

benevolent - benevolente, benévolo

For the most glutinously indefinite minds enclose some hard grains of habit; and a man has been seen lax about all his own interests except the retention of his snuff-box, concerning which he was watchful, suspicious, and greedy of clutch.

glutinously - Glutinosamente

indefinite - indefinido

lax - laxo; poco disciplinario, flojo

retention - retención, retentiva, recuerdo

snuff - tabaco; rapé

concerning - preocupante; preocupación, referirse a, ataner, concernir

watchful - vigilante; atento, avizor

suspicious - sospechoso, suspicaz, desconfiado

greedy - codicioso, avaricioso, ávido, avaro

clutch - embrague; agarrar

In Mr. Brooke the hereditary strain of Puritan energy was clearly in abeyance; but in his niece Dorothea it glowed alike through faults and virtues, turning sometimes into impatience of her uncle's talk or his way of "letting things be" on his estate, and making her long all the more for the time when she would be of age and have some command of money for generous schemes. She was regarded as an heiress; for not only had the sisters seven hundred a-year each from their parents, but if Dorothea married and had a son, that son would inherit Mr.

hereditary - heredado, hereditario

strain - tensión; estirar, tensar

in abeyance - en suspenso

niece - sobrina

glowed - brillaba; fulgir, fulgurar, iluminar, brillar

alike - igual, semejante, parecido, igualmente

faults - fallas; defecto, falla, culpa, falta

virtues - irtudes; virtud

Impatience - impaciencia

be of age - ser mayor de edad

Command - orden, mandato, mando, comando, dominio

schemes - squemas; régimen, proyecto, ardid, artimana, maquinación

heiress - heredera

inherit - heredar

Brooke's estate, presumably worth about three thousand a-year"a rental which seemed wealth to provincial families, still discussing Mr. Peel's late conduct on the Catholic question, innocent of future gold-fields, and of that gorgeous plutocracy which has so nobly exalted the necessities of genteel life.

presumably - supuestamente; presumiblemente, probablemente, presuntamente

wealth - prosperidad, riqueza

peel - pelar

gorgeous - guapa; guapísimo

plutocracy - plutocracia

nobly - noblemente

exalted - exaltado; exaltar

necessities - necesidades; necesidad, menester

And how should Dorothea not marry?"a girl so handsome and with such prospects? Nothing could hinder it but her love of extremes, and her insistence on regulating life according to notions which might cause a wary man to hesitate before he made her an offer, or even might lead her at last to refuse all offers. A young lady of some birth and fortune, who knelt suddenly down on a brick floor by the side of a sick laborer and prayed fervidly as if she thought herself living in the time of the Apostles"who had strange whims of fasting like a Papist, and of sitting up at night to read old theological books!

handsome - apuesto, guapo, de buen parecer, lindo

prospects - perspectivas; perspectiva, vista, panorama, expectativa

insistence - insistencia

regulating - regular

notions - nociones; noción, ganas, intención

wary - eceloso; cauteloso

hesitate - vacilar, dudar, hesitar

refuse - rechazar; negarse (a)

offers - ofertas; ofrecer

Fortune - fortuna

knelt - de rodillas; arrodillarse

brick - ladrillo

laborer - trabajador, obrero, currito

fervidly - con fervor

apostles - apóstoles; apóstol

whims - aprichos; capricho

Papist - papista f

Such a wife might awaken you some fine morning with a new scheme for the application of her income which would interfere with political economy and the keeping of saddle-horses: a man would naturally think twice before he risked himself in such fellowship. Women were expected to have weak opinions; but the great safeguard of society and of domestic life was, that opinions were not acted on. Sane people did what their neighbors did, so that if any lunatics were at large, one might know and avoid them.

awaken - despertar, despertarse

scheme - squema; régimen, proyecto, ardid, artimana, maquinación

income - ingresos, renta

saddle - silla de montar; (bici) sillín, silla (de montar)

safeguard - salvaguardia, salvaguardar, resguardar

sane - sano; cuerdo

lunatics - lunáticos; insano, orate, lunático

The rural opinion about the new young ladies, even among the cottagers, was generally in favor of Celia, as being so amiable and innocent-looking, while Miss Brooke's large eyes seemed, like her religion, too unusual and striking. Poor Dorothea! compared with her, the innocent-looking Celia was knowing and worldly-wise; so much subtler is a human mind than the outside tissues which make a sort of blazonry or clock-face for it.

rural - rural

cottagers - Campesino

amiable - amable, afable

striking - sorprendente; llamativo, imponente

worldly - undano

wise - sabio

subtler - más sutil; sutil

tissues - tejidos; tejido, panuelo, panuelo de papel, clínex

blazonry - Blasonería

Yet those who approached Dorothea, though prejudiced against her by this alarming hearsay, found that she had a charm unaccountably reconcilable with it. Most men thought her bewitching when she was on horseback. She loved the fresh air and the various aspects of the country, and when her eyes and cheeks glowed with mingled pleasure she looked very little like a devotee.

approached - se acercó; acercarse, aproximarse

prejudiced - con prejuicios; prejuicio, perjudicar, prejuiciar

hearsay - rumores, habladurías, pruebas de oídas, testimonio de oídas

charm - encanto

unaccountably - inexplicablemente

bewitching - hechizante; hechizar, embrujar

horseback - a caballo

cheeks - mejilla, cacha, cachete, nalga, glúteo, descoco

mingled - mezclados; mezclar

devotee - devoto

Riding was an indulgence which she allowed herself in spite of conscientious qualms; she felt that she enjoyed it in a pagan sensuous way, and always looked forward to renouncing it.

indulgence - complacencia; indulgencia

spite - rencor

conscientious - consciente; concienzudo

qualms - reticencias; escrúpulo, escrupulo, naúsea

pagan - pagano, pagano, pagana

renouncing - renunciar (a)

She was open, ardent, and not in the least self-admiring; indeed, it was pretty to see how her imagination adorned her sister Celia with attractions altogether superior to her own, and if any gentleman appeared to come to the Grange from some other motive than that of seeing Mr. Brooke, she concluded that he must be in love with Celia: Sir James Chettam, for example, whom she constantly considered from Celia's point of view, inwardly debating whether it would be good for Celia to accept him. That he should be regarded as a suitor to herself would have seemed to her a ridiculous irrelevance. Dorothea, with all her eagerness to know the truths of life, retained very childlike ideas about marriage.

ardent - ardiente, ferviente

imagination - imaginación, magín

adorned - dornado; adornar, engalanar

altogether - todos juntos; totalmente, completamente, en general, en suma

superior - superior, superior

motive - motivo, móbil

James - Santiago, Jacobo, Yago, Jaime

inwardly - nteriormente

debating - debatiendo; debate, debatir

suitor - pretendiente

ridiculous - ridículo

irrelevance - irrelevancia

eagerness - avidez, ansia

retained - retenido; retener, detentar

childlike - infantil

She felt sure that she would have accepted the judicious Hooker, if she had been born in time to save him from that wretched mistake he made in matrimony; or John Milton when his blindness had come on; or any of the other great men whose odd habits it would have been glorious piety to endure; but an amiable handsome baronet, who said "Exactly" to her remarks even when she expressed uncertainty,"how could he affect her as a lover? The really delightful marriage must be that where your husband was a sort of father, and could teach you even Hebrew, if you wished it.

judicious - uiciosa; juicioso

hooker - prostituta; hooker

matrimony - matrimonio; boda

blindness - ceguera

glorious - glorioso

piety - piedad

endure - soportar; aguantar, perdurar, tolerar, consentir, condescender

remarks - observaciones; observación, comentario

uncertainty - incertidumbre, incerteza

lover - amante

delightful - delicioso

Hebrew - hebreo, hebreo, hebrea

These peculiarities of Dorothea's character caused Mr. Brooke to be all the more blamed in neighboring families for not securing some middle-aged lady as guide and companion to his nieces. But he himself dreaded so much the sort of superior woman likely to be available for such a position, that he allowed himself to be dissuaded by Dorothea's objections, and was in this case brave enough to defy the world"that is to say, Mrs.

peculiarities - particularidades; peculiaridad

blamed - culpado; culpar, responsabilizar, echar la culpa

securing - asegurando; seguro, resguardado, confiable, aplomado

companion - companero; companero, companera

nieces - sobrinas; sobrina

dreaded - temido; temer, pavor, temor

dissuaded - disuadido; disuadir

objections - objeciones; objeción, protesta

defy - desafiar, desobedecer, renunciar

Cadwallader the Rector's wife, and the small group of gentry with whom he visited in the northeast corner of Loamshire. So Miss Brooke presided in her uncle's household, and did not at all dislike her new authority, with the homage that belonged to it.

northeast - al noreste; nordeste, noreste

presided - presidió; presidir

household - hogar, agregado familiar, núcleo familiar, familia, casero

homage - homenaje

Sir James Chettam was going to dine at the Grange to-day with another gentleman whom the girls had never seen, and about whom Dorothea felt some venerating expectation. This was the Reverend Edward Casaubon, noted in the county as a man of profound learning, understood for many years to be engaged on a great work concerning religious history; also as a man of wealth enough to give lustre to his piety, and having views of his own which were to be more clearly ascertained on the publication of his book.

dine - cenar

venerating - venerar

expectation - expectativas; expectación, expectativa

Reverend - reverendo

Edward - Eduardo

profound - profundo

lustre - brillo

ascertained - averiguado; averiguar, determinar, establecer, definir

publication - publicación

His very name carried an impressiveness hardly to be measured without a precise chronology of scholarship.

precise - preciso, concreto, precisar, especificar, concretar

Chronology - cronología

scholarship - beca, erudición, sabiduría

Early in the day Dorothea had returned from the infant school which she had set going in the village, and was taking her usual place in the pretty sitting-room which divided the bedrooms of the sisters, bent on finishing a plan for some buildings (a kind of work which she delighted in), when Celia, who had been watching her with a hesitating desire to propose something, said"

infant school - escuela infantil

buildings - Edificio

delighted - encantado; deleite, regocijo, delicia, placer

hesitating - dudando; vacilar, dudar, hesitar

desire - desear, deseo, gana

propose - proponer, pedir la mano, pedir matrimonio, proponer matrimonio

"Dorothea, dear, if you don't mind"if you are not very busy"suppose we looked at mamma's jewels to-day, and divided them? It is exactly six months to-day since uncle gave them to you, and you have not looked at them yet."

mamma - mama, mamá

jewels - joyas; gema, joya, alhaja, rubí

Celia's face had the shadow of a pouting expression in it, the full presence of the pout being kept back by an habitual awe of Dorothea and principle; two associated facts which might show a mysterious electricity if you touched them incautiously. To her relief, Dorothea's eyes were full of laughter as she looked up.

shadow - sombra

pouting - Haciendo pucheros; (pout) Haciendo pucheros

presence - presencia

kept back - mantener alejado; contener (emociones)

habitual - habitual

awe - pavor, temor, medrosía, asombro, asombrar, abrumar

principle - principio

associated - sociados; asociado, companero, asociar, frecuentar, alternar

"What a wonderful little almanac you are, Celia! Is it six calendar or six lunar months?"

almanac - almanaque

calendar - calendario, agenda, calendarizar

lunar - lunar

"It is the last day of September now, and it was the first of April when uncle gave them to you. You know, he said that he had forgotten them till then. I believe you have never thought of them since you locked them up in the cabinet here."

till then - hasta entonces

cabinet - armario, gabinete, vestidor, consejo

"Well, dear, we should never wear them, you know." Dorothea spoke in a full cordial tone, half caressing, half explanatory. She had her pencil in her hand, and was making tiny side-plans on a margin.

cordial - cordial

tone - tono

caressing - Caricias; (cares) Caricias

explanatory - explicativo

Celia colored, and looked very grave. "I think, dear, we are wanting in respect to mamma's memory, to put them by and take no notice of them. And," she added, after hesitating a little, with a rising sob of mortification, "necklaces are quite usual now; and Madame Poincon, who was stricter in some things even than you are, used to wear ornaments.

grave - tumba

sob - sollozar; hdp

mortification - Mortificación

necklaces - collares; collar

stricter - más estricto; estricto

ornaments - dornos; ornamento, ornamento musical

And Christians generally"surely there are women in heaven now who wore jewels." Celia was conscious of some mental strength when she really applied herself to argument.

Christians - cristianos; cristiano, cristiana, Cristián

Heaven - el cielo; cielo, firmamento, paraíso

conscious - consciente

"You would like to wear them?" exclaimed Dorothea, an air of astonished discovery animating her whole person with a dramatic action which she had caught from that very Madame Poincon who wore the ornaments. "Of course, then, let us have them out. Why did you not tell me before? But the keys, the keys!" She pressed her hands against the sides of her head and seemed to despair of her memory.

exclaimed - exclamó; exclamar

astonished - asombrado; asombrar, sorprender, pasmar

animating - animando; animado, animar

dramatic - dramático, asombroso

"They are here," said Celia, with whom this explanation had been long meditated and prearranged.

meditated - meditado; meditar

prearranged - Preorganizar

"Pray open the large drawer of the cabinet and get out the jewel-box."

drawer - cajón

jewel - gema, joya, alhaja, rubí

The casket was soon open before them, and the various jewels spread out, making a bright parterre on the table. It was no great collection, but a few of the ornaments were really of remarkable beauty, the finest that was obvious at first being a necklace of purple amethysts set in exquisite gold work, and a pearl cross with five brilliants in it.

casket - féretro; cofrecito, joyero, urna

remarkable - notable, remarcable, destacable

necklace - collar

amethysts - matistas; amatista

exquisite - exquisito, bonísimo

pearl - perla, parisienne

Dorothea immediately took up the necklace and fastened it round her sister's neck, where it fitted almost as closely as a bracelet; but the circle suited the Henrietta-Maria style of Celia's head and neck, and she could see that it did, in the pier-glass opposite.

closely - de cerca; cercanamente

bracelet - brazalete, pulsera

Maria - María; (Marion) María

pier-glass - (pier-glass) espejo trumeau

"There, Celia! you can wear that with your Indian muslin. But this cross you must wear with your dark dresses."

Indian - indio, hindú, indígena, indio, india

muslin - muselina

Celia was trying not to smile with pleasure. "O Dodo, you must keep the cross yourself."

"No, no, dear, no," said Dorothea, putting up her hand with careless deprecation.

"Yes, indeed you must; it would suit you"in your black dress, now," said Celia, insistingly. "You might wear that."

insistingly - Insistentemente

"Not for the world, not for the world. A cross is the last thing I would wear as a trinket." Dorothea shuddered slightly.

trinket - perendengue, oropel, baratija, chácharas

shuddered - se estremeció; escalofrío

"Then you will think it wicked in me to wear it," said Celia, uneasily.

wicked - malvado, cruel, insoportable; (wick) malvado, cruel

"No, dear, no," said Dorothea, stroking her sister's cheek. "Souls have complexions too: what will suit one will not suit another."

stroking - Acariciar; (stroke) Acariciar

cheek - mejilla, cacha, cachete, nalga, glúteo, descoco

souls - almas; alma, espíritu

complexions - tez

"But you might like to keep it for mamma's sake."

sake - por, por motivo de; por el bien de

"No, I have other things of mamma's"her sandal-wood box which I am so fond of"plenty of things. In fact, they are all yours, dear. We need discuss them no longer. There"take away your property."

sandal - sandalia

fond - carinoso, afectuoso

Celia felt a little hurt. There was a strong assumption of superiority in this Puritanic toleration, hardly less trying to the blond flesh of an unenthusiastic sister than a Puritanic persecution.

assumption - asunción, suposición

superiority - superioridad

toleration - tolerancia

blond - rubio, macho, rubio, canche

flesh - carne, pellejo, descarnar

unenthusiastic - Poco entusiasta

persecution - persecución

"But how can I wear ornaments if you, who are the elder sister, will never wear them?"

"Nay, Celia, that is too much to ask, that I should wear trinkets to keep you in countenance. If I were to put on such a necklace as that, I should feel as if I had been pirouetting. The world would go round with me, and I should not know how to walk."

trinkets - baratijas; perendengue, oropel, baratija, chácharas

countenance - semblante, apariencia, expresión, rostro

go round - dar vueltas

Celia had unclasped the necklace and drawn it off. "It would be a little tight for your neck; something to lie down and hang would suit you better," she said, with some satisfaction. The complete unfitness of the necklace from all points of view for Dorothea, made Celia happier in taking it.

She was opening some ring-boxes, which disclosed a fine emerald with diamonds, and just then the sun passing beyond a cloud sent a bright gleam over the table.

ring - anillo

disclosed - divulgado; revelar, divulgar

emerald - esmeralda

gleam - resplandor; relucir, brillar, destellar

"How very beautiful these gems are!" said Dorothea, under a new current of feeling, as sudden as the gleam. "It is strange how deeply colors seem to penetrate one, like scent. I suppose that is the reason why gems are used as spiritual emblems in the Revelation of St. John. They look like fragments of heaven. I think that emerald is more beautiful than any of them."

gems - gemas; joya, alhaja, piedra preciosa, gema

deeply - profundamente; a fondo

penetrate - penetrar

scent - olor, esencia, olfato, fragancia, oler

emblems - emblemas; emblema

revelation - revelación, develamiento

fragments - fragmentos; fragmento, fragmentar

"And there is a bracelet to match it," said Celia. "We did not notice this at first."

"They are lovely," said Dorothea, slipping the ring and bracelet on her finely turned finger and wrist, and holding them towards the window on a level with her eyes. All the while her thought was trying to justify her delight in the colors by merging them in her mystic religious joy.

slipping - resbalando; resbalar

delight - disfrutar; deleite, regocijo, delicia, placer

merging - Fusión; (merge); fusionar

mystic - místico, mística

joy - alegría, júbilo

"You would like those, Dorothea," said Celia, rather falteringly, beginning to think with wonder that her sister showed some weakness, and also that emeralds would suit her own complexion even better than purple amethysts. "You must keep that ring and bracelet"if nothing else. But see, these agates are very pretty and quiet."

falteringly - de forma vacilante

weakness - debilidad, flaqueza, punto débil, debilidad por, carino

emeralds - esmeraldas; esmeralda

complexion - tez

agates - Agata

"Yes! I will keep these"this ring and bracelet," said Dorothea. Then, letting her hand fall on the table, she said in another tone""Yet what miserable men find such things, and work at them, and sell them!" She paused again, and Celia thought that her sister was going to renounce the ornaments, as in consistency she ought to do.

miserable - miserable

paused - receso, checkdescanso, pausar, interrumpir, suspender

renounce - Renunciar

consistency - consistencia

"Yes, dear, I will keep these," said Dorothea, decidedly. "But take all the rest away, and the casket."

decidedly - decididamente; resueltamente

She took up her pencil without removing the jewels, and still looking at them. She thought of often having them by her, to feed her eye at these little fountains of pure color.

fountains - fuentes; fuente, chafariz, fontana

pure - pura; puro

"Shall you wear them in company?" said Celia, who was watching her with real curiosity as to what she would do.

curiosity - curiosidad

Dorothea glanced quickly at her sister. Across all her imaginative adornment of those whom she loved, there darted now and then a keen discernment, which was not without a scorching quality. If Miss Brooke ever attained perfect meekness, it would not be for lack of inward fire.

glanced - mirada; ojear, echar un vistazo, mirar, pispear, vistazo

imaginative - imaginativo

adornment - adorno, decoración

darted - dardo, flechilla

scorching - ardiendo; chamuscar

attained - lcanzado; lograr, conseguir

meekness - mansedumbre

inward - hacia dentro; interior, adentro

"Perhaps," she said, rather haughtily. "I cannot tell to what level I may sink."

haughtily - con altanería; altivamente, altaneramente

Celia blushed, and was unhappy: she saw that she had offended her sister, and dared not say even anything pretty about the gift of the ornaments which she put back into the box and carried away. Dorothea too was unhappy, as she went on with her plan-drawing, questioning the purity of her own feeling and speech in the scene which had ended with that little explosion.

blushed - se sonrojó; sonrojo, rubor

offended - ofendido; ofender

dared - se atrevió; atraverse, osar

purity - pureza

Celia's consciousness told her that she had not been at all in the wrong: it was quite natural and justifiable that she should have asked that question, and she repeated to herself that Dorothea was inconsistent: either she should have taken her full share of the jewels, or, after what she had said, she should have renounced them altogether.

justifiable - justificable

inconsistent - inconsistente, inconsecuente

renounced - renunció; renunciar (a)

"I am sure"at least, I trust," thought Celia, "that the wearing of a necklace will not interfere with my prayers. And I do not see that I should be bound by Dorothea's opinions now we are going into society, though of course she herself ought to be bound by them. But Dorothea is not always consistent."

trust - confiar; confianza, crédito, fiar, consorcio, trust

bound - atado; (bind); atar, atar (tie), empastar (books), liar

consistent - consistente, constante, coherente

Thus Celia, mutely bending over her tapestry, until she heard her sister calling her.

thus - así

mutely - En silencio

tapestry - tapiz

"Here, Kitty, come and look at my plan; I shall think I am a great architect, if I have not got incompatible stairs and fireplaces."

Kitty - gatito, minino, gatico, pozo, vaquita

incompatible - incompatibles; incompatible, malavenido

fireplaces - chimeneas; chimenea, hogar

As Celia bent over the paper, Dorothea put her cheek against her sister's arm caressingly. Celia understood the action. Dorothea saw that she had been in the wrong, and Celia pardoned her. Since they could remember, there had been a mixture of criticism and awe in the attitude of Celia's mind towards her elder sister. The younger had always worn a yoke; but is there any yoked creature without its private opinions?

caressingly - Con caricias

criticism - críticas; crítica

yoked - yugo

creature - criatura


Dime; no ves aquel caballero que hacia nosotros viene sobre un caballo rucio rodado que trae puesto en la cabeza un yelmo de oro?'˜Lo que veo y columbro,'respondio Sancho, ˜no es sino un hombre sobre un as no pardo como el mio, que trae sobre la cabeza una cosa que relumbra.'˜Pues ese es el yelmo de Mambrino,'dijo Don Quijote.""CERVANTES.

dime - moneda de diez centavos

ves - os

aquel - quel

un - ONU

sino - sí

"˜Seest thou not yon cavalier who cometh toward us on a dapple-gray steed, and weareth a golden helmet?'˜What I see,'answered Sancho, ˜is nothing but a man on a gray ass like my own, who carries something shiny on his head.'˜Just so,'answered Don Quixote: ˜and that resplendent object is the helmet of Mambrino.'"

thou - tú; vos

cavalier - caballero

cometh - Vienes

toward - hacia, sobre, para

dapple - tordo, animal de piel moteada, moteado, habado, motear, salpicar

Gray - Gris

steed - caballo; corcel

weareth - Llevas

helmet - casco, yelmo

ass - culo; asno, burro

Quixote - Quijote

"Sir Humphry Davy?" said Mr. Brooke, over the soup, in his easy smiling way, taking up Sir James Chettam's remark that he was studying Davy's Agricultural Chemistry. "Well, now, Sir Humphry Davy; I dined with him years ago at Cartwright's, and Wordsworth was there too"the poet Wordsworth, you know. Now there was something singular. I was at Cambridge when Wordsworth was there, and I never met him"and I dined with him twenty years afterwards at Cartwright's. There's an oddity in things, now. But Davy was there: he was a poet too.

remark - observación, comentario

agricultural - agrícola

dined - cenamos; jaleo

singular - singular, único, singular

Cambridge - Cambridge

oddity - extraneza; rareza

Or, as I may say, Wordsworth was poet one, and Davy was poet two. That was true in every sense, you know."

Dorothea felt a little more uneasy than usual. In the beginning of dinner, the party being small and the room still, these motes from the mass of a magistrate's mind fell too noticeably. She wondered how a man like Mr. Casaubon would support such triviality.

more uneasy - más inquieto

motes - Mota

mass - montón, masa

magistrate - magistrado, togado

His manners, she thought, were very dignified; the set of his iron-gray hair and his deep eye-sockets made him resemble the portrait of Locke. He had the spare form and the pale complexion which became a student; as different as possible from the blooming Englishman of the red-whiskered type represented by Sir James Chettam.

sockets - enchufes; enchufe, toma corriente, toma, cuenca (eye socket)

resemble - se parecen; asemejar

spare - de repuesto; prescindir, pasar sin

blooming - floreciendo; flor

Englishman - inglés

whiskered - batido; vibrisa, bigote

"I am reading the Agricultural Chemistry," said this excellent baronet, "because I am going to take one of the farms into my own hands, and see if something cannot be done in setting a good pattern of farming among my tenants. Do you approve of that, Miss Brooke?"

tenants - arrendatarios; inquilino, arrendatario

approve - aprobar; tener un buen concepto de

"A great mistake, Chettam," interposed Mr. Brooke, "going into electrifying your land and that kind of thing, and making a parlor of your cow-house. It won't do. I went into science a great deal myself at one time; but I saw it would not do. It leads to everything; you can let nothing alone.

interposed - interpuesto; interponer, intercalar, mediar, interrumpir

electrifying - electrizante; electrificar, electrizar

No, no"see that your tenants don't sell their straw, and that kind of thing; and give them draining-tiles, you know. But your fancy farming will not do"the most expensive sort of whistle you can buy: you may as well keep a pack of hounds."

straw - paja, pajizo, pajiza

draining - desagüe, drenaje, aliviadero, tubo abierto, sangría, drenar

tiles - tejas; teja; baldosa, azulejo

whistle - silbar; silbato, pito, chifle, pitido

hounds - sabuesos; perro de caza

"Surely," said Dorothea, "it is better to spend money in finding out how men can make the most of the land which supports them all, than in keeping dogs and horses only to gallop over it. It is not a sin to make yourself poor in performing experiments for the good of all."

gallop - galope, galopar

sin - pecado

She spoke with more energy than is expected of so young a lady, but Sir James had appealed to her. He was accustomed to do so, and she had often thought that she could urge him to many good actions when he was her brother-in-law.

appealed - apelado; suplicar, rogar

accustomed - acostumbrado; acostumbrarse, habituar

urge - te urge; impulso, impulsar, urgir, aguijonear, apresurar

Mr. Casaubon turned his eyes very markedly on Dorothea while she was speaking, and seemed to observe her newly.

markedly - muy marcadamente; marcadamente

observe - observar, seguir, tomar en cuenta

newly - recién; nuevamente

"Young ladies don't understand political economy, you know," said Mr. Brooke, smiling towards Mr. Casaubon. "I remember when we were all reading Adam Smith. There is a book, now. I took in all the new ideas at one time"human perfectibility, now. But some say, history moves in circles; and that may be very well argued; I have argued it myself. The fact is, human reason may carry you a little too far"over the hedge, in fact.

Adam - Adam, Adán

Smith - Herrera, Herrero

hedge - cobertura; seto

It carried me a good way at one time; but I saw it would not do. I pulled up; I pulled up in time. But not too hard. I have always been in favor of a little theory: we must have Thought; else we shall be landed back in the dark ages. But talking of books, there is Southey's ˜Peninsular War.'I am reading that of a morning. You know Southey?"

Peninsular - peninsular

"No," said Mr. Casaubon, not keeping pace with Mr. Brooke's impetuous reason, and thinking of the book only. "I have little leisure for such literature just now. I have been using up my eyesight on old characters lately; the fact is, I want a reader for my evenings; but I am fastidious in voices, and I cannot endure listening to an imperfect reader.

pace - paso

impetuous - impulsivo, impetuoso, brutal, brusco

eyesight - visión, vista

lately - últimamente

fastidious - astidioso; cicatero, quisquilloso, regodeón

imperfect - imperfecto, imperfecto

It is a misfortune, in some senses: I feed too much on the inward sources; I live too much with the dead. My mind is something like the ghost of an ancient, wandering about the world and trying mentally to construct it as it used to be, in spite of ruin and confusing changes. But I find it necessary to use the utmost caution about my eyesight."

misfortune - infortunio, gafe, mala suerte, desgracia

wandering - deambulando; errabundo, andariego, errante, peripatético

mentally - mentalmente

construct - construcción, constructo, construir

ruin - ruina, desbaratar, arruinar, estropear, dar al traste

utmost - extremo, descollante, extremado, sobresaliente, sumo, máximo

caution - advertencia, precaución, cuidado, cautela, fianza, advertir

This was the first time that Mr. Casaubon had spoken at any length. He delivered himself with precision, as if he had been called upon to make a public statement; and the balanced sing-song neatness of his speech, occasionally corresponded to by a movement of his head, was the more conspicuous from its contrast with good Mr. Brooke's scrappy slovenliness. Dorothea said to herself that Mr. Casaubon was the most interesting man she had ever seen, not excepting even Monsieur Liret, the Vaudois clergyman who had given conferences on the history of the Waldenses.

precision - exactitud, precisión

neatness - pulcritud

Occasionally - ocasionalmente, de vez en cuando, a veces

corresponded - correspondían; corresponder, equivaler, corresponderse

more conspicuous - más llamativo

monsieur - Senor

To reconstruct a past world, doubtless with a view to the highest purposes of truth"what a work to be in any way present at, to assist in, though only as a lamp-holder! This elevating thought lifted her above her annoyance at being twitted with her ignorance of political economy, that never-explained science which was thrust as an extinguisher over all her lights.

reconstruct - reconstruir

doubtless - indudable, sin duda, indudablemente

holder - soporte, tenedor, titular, poseedor

elevating - elevando; elevar, levantar, subir

annoyance - disgusto, irritación, lata, molestia, fastidio

twitted - twitteado; gilí

ignorance - ignorancia

thrust - estocada, empuje, envión, impulso, énfasis, propulsar, asestar

extinguisher - extintor, extinguidor

"But you are fond of riding, Miss Brooke," Sir James presently took an opportunity of saying. "I should have thought you would enter a little into the pleasures of hunting. I wish you would let me send over a chestnut horse for you to try. It has been trained for a lady. I saw you on Saturday cantering over the hill on a nag not worthy of you. My groom shall bring Corydon for you every day, if you will only mention the time."

chestnut - castana; castana, castano, marrón

cantering - a galope; medio galope

Nag - reganar, dar la lata a alguien

worthy - Digno

groom - novio; mozo de cuadra

"Thank you, you are very good. I mean to give up riding. I shall not ride any more," said Dorothea, urged to this brusque resolution by a little annoyance that Sir James would be soliciting her attention when she wanted to give it all to Mr. Casaubon.

urged - te urge; impulso, impulsar, urgir, aguijonear, apresurar

brusque - brusco

resolution - resolución, panish: t-needed

soliciting - Solicitando; (solicit); solicitar, cortejar

"No, that is too hard," said Sir James, in a tone of reproach that showed strong interest. "Your sister is given to self-mortification, is she not?" he continued, turning to Celia, who sat at his right hand.

reproach - reproche, vergüenza, reprochar, avergonzar, echar en cara algo

"I think she is," said Celia, feeling afraid lest she should say something that would not please her sister, and blushing as prettily as possible above her necklace. "She likes giving up."

blushing - Te ruborizas; (blush) Te ruborizas

prettily - bonito; bellamente, hermosamente, lindamente

"If that were true, Celia, my giving-up would be self-indulgence, not self-mortification. But there may be good reasons for choosing not to do what is very agreeable," said Dorothea.

agreeable - lisonjero, agradable, dispuesto, conforme

Mr. Brooke was speaking at the same time, but it was evident that Mr. Casaubon was observing Dorothea, and she was aware of it.

evident - es evidente; evidente, constatable

observing - observando; observar, seguir, tomar en cuenta

"Exactly," said Sir James. "You give up from some high, generous motive."

"No, indeed, not exactly. I did not say that of myself," answered Dorothea, reddening. Unlike Celia, she rarely blushed, and only from high delight or anger. At this moment she felt angry with the perverse Sir James. Why did he not pay attention to Celia, and leave her to listen to Mr. Casaubon?"if that learned man would only talk, instead of allowing himself to be talked to by Mr.

reddening - enrojecimiento; enrojecer

anger - ira, enfado, enojo, rabia

Brooke, who was just then informing him that the Reformation either meant something or it did not, that he himself was a Protestant to the core, but that Catholicism was a fact; and as to refusing an acre of your ground for a Romanist chapel, all men needed the bridle of religion, which, properly speaking, was the dread of a Hereafter.

informing - informar

reformation - Reforma protestante

Protestant - protestante

core - corazón (fruta); núcleo

Catholicism - catolicismo

refusing - te niegas; negarse (a)

Acre - acre

Romanist - Romanista

chapel - capilla

bridle - brida

dread - miedo; temer, pavor, temor

"I made a great study of theology at one time," said Mr. Brooke, as if to explain the insight just manifested. "I know something of all schools. I knew Wilberforce in his best days. Do you know Wilberforce?"

theology - teología

insight - percepción; introspección, perspicacia, agudeza, deducción

manifested - manifestado; manifiesto, evidente, declaración de carga

Mr. Casaubon said, "No."

"Well, Wilberforce was perhaps not enough of a thinker; but if I went into Parliament, as I have been asked to do, I should sit on the independent bench, as Wilberforce did, and work at philanthropy."

thinker - pensador, pensadora

Parliament - parlamento

Bench - banco

philanthropy - filantropía

Mr. Casaubon bowed, and observed that it was a wide field.

bowed - inclinado; inclinar(se), hacer una reverencia

observed - observado; observar, seguir, tomar en cuenta

"Yes," said Mr. Brooke, with an easy smile, "but I have documents. I began a long while ago to collect documents. They want arranging, but when a question has struck me, I have written to somebody and got an answer. I have documents at my back. But now, how do you arrange your documents?"

struck - golpeado; tachar, borrar, golpear, pegar, acunar

"In pigeon-holes partly," said Mr. Casaubon, with rather a startled air of effort.

pigeon - paloma

partly - en parte, en cierto modo

startled - sorprendido; sobresaltarse, alarmarse, espantarse, evitar

"Ah, pigeon-holes will not do. I have tried pigeon-holes, but everything gets mixed in pigeon-holes: I never know whether a paper is in A or Z."

"I wish you would let me sort your papers for you, uncle," said Dorothea. "I would letter them all, and then make a list of subjects under each letter."

Mr. Casaubon gravely smiled approval, and said to Mr. Brooke, "You have an excellent secretary at hand, you perceive."

gravely - gravemente

approval - aprobación, venia, beneplácito

perceive - percibir, entender

"No, no," said Mr. Brooke, shaking his head; "I cannot let young ladies meddle with my documents. Young ladies are too flighty."

meddle - entrometerse, inmiscuirse, injerirse, mangonear

flighty - voluble; caprichoso, necio, volador

Dorothea felt hurt. Mr. Casaubon would think that her uncle had some special reason for delivering this opinion, whereas the remark lay in his mind as lightly as the broken wing of an insect among all the other fragments there, and a chance current had sent it alighting on her.

whereas - ientras que..; mientras que, siendo que, por cuanto, visto que

lightly - a la ligera; ligeramente

alighting - saliendo; apearse de

When the two girls were in the drawing-room alone, Celia said"

"How very ugly Mr. Casaubon is!"

"Celia! He is one of the most distinguished-looking men I ever saw. He is remarkably like the portrait of Locke. He has the same deep eye-sockets."

distinguished - istinguido; distinguir

"Had Locke those two white moles with hairs on them?"

moles - unares; lunar

"Oh, I dare say! when people of a certain sort looked at him," said Dorothea, walking away a little.

dare - te atreves; atraverse, osar

"Mr. Casaubon is so sallow."

sallow - cetrino, amarillento

"All the better. I suppose you admire a man with the complexion of a cochon de lait."

cochon - Cochón

lait - ait

"Dodo!" exclaimed Celia, looking after her in surprise. "I never heard you make such a comparison before."

"Why should I make it before the occasion came? It is a good comparison: the match is perfect."

Miss Brooke was clearly forgetting herself, and Celia thought so.

"I wonder you show temper, Dorothea."

"It is so painful in you, Celia, that you will look at human beings as if they were merely animals with a toilet, and never see the great soul in a man's face."

beings - seres; ser, criatura, existencia

"Has Mr. Casaubon a great soul?" Celia was not without a touch of naive malice.

naive - cándido, ingenuo, naíf, naif

malice - malicia

"Yes, I believe he has," said Dorothea, with the full voice of decision. "Everything I see in him corresponds to his pamphlet on Biblical Cosmology."

corresponds - corresponder, equivaler, corresponderse, cartearse

pamphlet - folleto, panfleto

Biblical - bíblico

Cosmology - cosmología

"He talks very little," said Celia

"There is no one for him to talk to."

Celia thought privately, "Dorothea quite despises Sir James Chettam; I believe she would not accept him." Celia felt that this was a pity. She had never been deceived as to the object of the baronet's interest.

privately - en privado; privadamente

despises - esprecia; desdenar

pity - compasión, piedad, lástima, pena, tener lástima

deceived - enganado; enganar, decebir

Sometimes, indeed, she had reflected that Dodo would perhaps not make a husband happy who had not her way of looking at things; and stifled in the depths of her heart was the feeling that her sister was too religious for family comfort. Notions and scruples were like spilt needles, making one afraid of treading, or sitting down, or even eating.

stifled - asfixiado; ahogar, sofocar

depths - profundidades; profundidad

comfort - comodidad, consuelo, confortar

scruples - escrúpulos; escrúpulo, vacilar, escrupulizar

spilt - derramado; derramar, verter

treading - Pisando; (tread) Pisando

When Miss Brooke was at the tea-table, Sir James came to sit down by her, not having felt her mode of answering him at all offensive. Why should he? He thought it probable that Miss Brooke liked him, and manners must be very marked indeed before they cease to be interpreted by preconceptions either confident or distrustful. She was thoroughly charming to him, but of course he theorized a little about his attachment. He was made of excellent human dough, and had the rare merit of knowing that his talents, even if let loose, would not set the smallest stream in the county on fire: hence he liked the prospect of a wife to whom he could say, "What shall we do?" about this or that; who could help her husband out with reasons, and would also have the property qualification for doing so. As to the excessive religiousness alleged against Miss Brooke, he had a very indefinite notion of what it consisted in, and thought that it would die out with marriage.

mode - modo

offensive - ofensivo, ofensiva

probable - probable

cease - cesar, parar, terminar

interpreted - interpretado; explicar, exponer, interpretar

distrustful - desconfiado, receloso

thoroughly - cabalmente, a cabalidad, a fondo, detenidamente

charming - encantador; (charm); encantador

theorized - teorizado; teorizar

attachment - apego, carino, afición, atadura, archivo adjunto, ejecución

dough - masa, pasta, guita, plata

merit - mérito, merecimiento, meritar

loose - suelto; flojo

hence - de aquí, por lo tanto, por eso, de ahí

prospect - prospecto; perspectiva, vista, panorama, expectativa, prospectar

excessive - excesivo

religiousness - religiosidad

alleged - supuesto; alegar

notion - noción, ganas, intención

die out - extinguirse, desaparecer

In short, he felt himself to be in love in the right place, and was ready to endure a great deal of predominance, which, after all, a man could always put down when he liked. Sir James had no idea that he should ever like to put down the predominance of this handsome girl, in whose cleverness he delighted. Why not? A man's mind"what there is of it"has always the advantage of being masculine,"as the smallest birch-tree is of a higher kind than the most soaring palm,"and even his ignorance is of a sounder quality. Sir James might not have originated this estimate; but a kind Providence furnishes the limpest personality with a little gum or starch in the form of tradition.

predominance - Predominio

cleverness - inteligencia, habilidad, listeza, agudeza

masculine - masculino, varonil, viril, macho

birch - abedul

soaring - aumentando; ascendente; (soar); planear, elevarse, planar

palm - palma

originated - se originó; originar, originarse

estimate - presupuesto, estimación, estimar

Providence - providencia; Providence

furnishes - muebles; amoblar, amueblar, suministrar, proporcionar, dotar

limpest - más flojo; flojo, flácido, mustio, débil

gum - goma de mascar; encía

starch - almidón, almidonar

"Let me hope that you will rescind that resolution about the horse, Miss Brooke," said the persevering admirer. "I assure you, riding is the most healthy of exercises."

rescind - renunciar; rescindir, cancelar, anular

persevering - perseverante; perseverar

admirer - admirador, admiradora

assure - asegurar

"I am aware of it," said Dorothea, coldly. "I think it would do Celia good"if she would take to it."

coldly - fríamente

"But you are such a perfect horsewoman."

horsewoman - caballera; jinete, amazona

"Excuse me; I have had very little practice, and I should be easily thrown."

Excuse - disculpe; excusar, perdonar, panish: t-needed

"Then that is a reason for more practice. Every lady ought to be a perfect horsewoman, that she may accompany her husband."

accompany - acompanar; acompanar

"You see how widely we differ, Sir James. I have made up my mind that I ought not to be a perfect horsewoman, and so I should never correspond to your pattern of a lady." Dorothea looked straight before her, and spoke with cold brusquerie, very much with the air of a handsome boy, in amusing contrast with the solicitous amiability of her admirer.

widely - comúnmente, generalmente, frecuentemente, extensamente

differ - difieren; ser distinto

correspond - corresponder, equivaler, corresponderse, cartearse

amusing - divertido; entretener, distraer, divertir

amiability - amabilidad, afabilidad

"I should like to know your reasons for this cruel resolution. It is not possible that you should think horsemanship wrong."

horsemanship - Montar a caballo

"It is quite possible that I should think it wrong for me."

"Oh, why?" said Sir James, in a tender tone of remonstrance.

tender - tierno

Mr. Casaubon had come up to the table, teacup in hand, and was listening.

"We must not inquire too curiously into motives," he interposed, in his measured way. "Miss Brooke knows that they are apt to become feeble in the utterance: the aroma is mixed with the grosser air. We must keep the germinating grain away from the light."

inquire - preguntar; investigar, informarse

curiously - con curiosidad; curiosamente

motives - motivos; motivo, móbil

apt - apto; susceptible de, propenso a

feeble - débil, endeble, feble, deficiente

utterance - Expresión

aroma - aroma

grosser - Más asqueroso; (gross); repulsivo, gruesa, bruto

germinating - germinando; germinar

Dorothea colored with pleasure, and looked up gratefully to the speaker. Here was a man who could understand the higher inward life, and with whom there could be some spiritual communion; nay, who could illuminate principle with the widest knowledge: a man whose learning almost amounted to a proof of whatever he believed!

gratefully - con gratitud

communion - comunión

illuminate - iluminar

Proof - pruebas; prueba

Dorothea's inferences may seem large; but really life could never have gone on at any period but for this liberal allowance of conclusions, which has facilitated marriage under the difficulties of civilization. Has any one ever pinched into its pilulous smallness the cobweb of pre-matrimonial acquaintanceship?

inferences - inferencias; inferencia, ilación

liberal - liberal, liberal, libertario, libertaria

allowance - permiso; paga

facilitated - facilitado; facilitar

civilization - civilización

pinched - pellizcado; pellizcar, repizcar, afanar, chorizar, pellizco

pilulous - Piluloso

smallness - pequenez; pequenez, menudencia

cobweb - una telarana; telarana

matrimonial - matrimonial

acquaintanceship - Conocimiento

"Certainly," said good Sir James. "Miss Brooke shall not be urged to tell reasons she would rather be silent upon. I am sure her reasons would do her honor."

be silent - se calla

honor - honor, privilegio, honrar, ajustarse, acatar, respetar

He was not in the least jealous of the interest with which Dorothea had looked up at Mr. Casaubon: it never occurred to him that a girl to whom he was meditating an offer of marriage could care for a dried bookworm towards fifty, except, indeed, in a religious sort of way, as for a clergyman of some distinction.

jealous - celoso, encelado, envidioso, checkenvidioso

meditating - meditando; meditar

bookworm - rata de biblioteca; ratón de biblioteca, tragalibros

distinction - distinción

However, since Miss Brooke had become engaged in a conversation with Mr. Casaubon about the Vaudois clergy, Sir James betook himself to Celia, and talked to her about her sister; spoke of a house in town, and asked whether Miss Brooke disliked London. Away from her sister, Celia talked quite easily, and Sir James said to himself that the second Miss Brooke was certainly very agreeable as well as pretty, though not, as some people pretended, more clever and sensible than the elder sister.

become engaged - Comprometerse

clergy - clero

betook - Aceptar

more clever - más inteligente

He felt that he had chosen the one who was in all respects the superior; and a man naturally likes to look forward to having the best. He would be the very Mawworm of bachelors who pretended not to expect it.

bachelors - solteros; solterón, bachiller, título de grado, licenciatura


"Say, goddess, what ensued, when Raphael,

goddess - diosa

ensued - siguió; seguirse, resultar

The affable archangel . . .

affable - afable, amable, tranquilo

Archangel - arcángel


eve - víspera, vigilia

The story heard attentive, and was filled

attentive - atento, solícito

With admiration, and deep muse, to hear

admiration - admiración

muse - Musa

Of things so high and strange."

"Paradise Lost, B. vii.

paradise - el paraíso; paraíso

If it had really occurred to Mr. Casaubon to think of Miss Brooke as a suitable wife for him, the reasons that might induce her to accept him were already planted in her mind, and by the evening of the next day the reasons had budded and bloomed.

induce - inducir

budded - rotado; brote

bloomed - floreció; flor

For they had had a long conversation in the morning, while Celia, who did not like the company of Mr. Casaubon's moles and sallowness, had escaped to the vicarage to play with the curate's ill-shod but merry children.

sallowness - salud

curate - conservar; cura

merry - contento; alegre

Dorothea by this time had looked deep into the ungauged reservoir of Mr. Casaubon's mind, seeing reflected there in vague labyrinthine extension every quality she herself brought; had opened much of her own experience to him, and had understood from him the scope of his great work, also of attractively labyrinthine extent. For he had been as instructive as Milton's "affable archangel;" and with something of the archangelic manner he told her how he had undertaken to show (what indeed had been attempted before, but not with that thoroughness, justice of comparison, and effectiveness of arrangement at which Mr. Casaubon aimed) that all the mythical systems or erratic mythical fragments in the world were corruptions of a tradition originally revealed. Having once mastered the true position and taken a firm footing there, the vast field of mythical constructions became intelligible, nay, luminous with the reflected light of correspondences.

ungauged - Sin aforar

reservoir - yacimiento; embalse, represa, checkdepósito, checkreserva

labyrinthine - laberíntico

extension - extensión

scope - alcance; oportunidad

attractively - atractivo; hermosamente

extent - en qué medida; extensión

instructive - informativo, instructivo, aleccionador

archangelic - Arcángel

undertaken - emprendido; emprender, acometer

attempted - intentado; intentar, tentativa, intento, ensayo

thoroughness - exhaustividad; meticulosidad, detallismo, minuciosidad

justice - justicia, justedad, justeza, justicia

effectiveness - efectividad, eficacia

mythical - mítico

erratic - inconstante, irregular, errático, trastornado, bloque errático

corruptions - corrupciones; corrupción, corruptela, dano de datos

revealed - revelado; revelar, propalar

mastered - ominado; senor, dueno; senora, duena

firm - firma; firme, sólido

vast - vasta; vasto, enorme

constructions - construcciones; construcción

intelligible - inteligible

luminous - luminoso

correspondences - correspondencias; correspondencia, carteo, noticias

But to gather in this great harvest of truth was no light or speedy work. His notes already made a formidable range of volumes, but the crowning task would be to condense these voluminous still-accumulating results and bring them, like the earlier vintage of Hippocratic books, to fit a little shelf. In explaining this to Dorothea, Mr. Casaubon expressed himself nearly as he would have done to a fellow-student, for he had not two styles of talking at command: it is true that when he used a Greek or Latin phrase he always gave the English with scrupulous care, but he would probably have done this in any case. A learned provincial clergyman is accustomed to think of his acquaintances as of "lords, knyghtes, and other noble and worthi men, that conne Latyn but lytille."

harvest - cosecha, cosechar

speedy - rápido, pronto

volumes - volúmenes; volumen

crowning - Coronación; (crown) Coronación

condense - condensar, condensarse

voluminous - voluminoso, prolífico

accumulating - acumulando; acumular, amontonar, acumularse

vintage - vendimia, cosecha, clásico, antiguo

fellow-student - (fellow-student) Companero de estudios

Greek - griego, griego, griega

acquaintances - conocidos; amistad, conocimiento, junta, relación

lords - senores; castellano, senor

worthi - Vale la pena

conne - onne

lytille - Litillo

Dorothea was altogether captivated by the wide embrace of this conception. Here was something beyond the shallows of ladies'school literature: here was a living Bossuet, whose work would reconcile complete knowledge with devoted piety; here was a modern Augustine who united the glories of doctor and saint.

captivated - cautivado; cautivar

Embrace - abrazar, abrazo

shallows - bajos; poco profundo, superficial, desinteresante

devoted - dedicado; dedicar

Augustine - Augustín, Agustín

glories - glorias; gloria

The sanctity seemed no less clearly marked than the learning, for when Dorothea was impelled to open her mind on certain themes which she could speak of to no one whom she had before seen at Tipton, especially on the secondary importance of ecclesiastical forms and articles of belief compared with that spiritual religion, that submergence of self in communion with Divine perfection which seemed to her to be expressed in the best Christian books of widely distant ages, she found in Mr.

sanctity - santidad

impelled - impulsado; impeler, impulsar

Ecclesiastical - eclesiástico

submergence - sumersión

divine - divino

perfection - perfección

Christian - cristiano, cristiana, Cristián

distant - distante, a distancia, hurano, remoto

Casaubon a listener who understood her at once, who could assure her of his own agreement with that view when duly tempered with wise conformity, and could mention historical examples before unknown to her.

duly - bien; debidamente

tempered - templado; temperamento, temple, templar, temperar, atemperar

conformity - conformidad

unknown - ignoto, desconocido, incógnita, desconocido

"He thinks with me," said Dorothea to herself, "or rather, he thinks a whole world of which my thought is but a poor twopenny mirror. And his feelings too, his whole experience"what a lake compared with my little pool!"

twopenny - Dos peniques

feelings - Sentimientos

Miss Brooke argued from words and dispositions not less unhesitatingly than other young ladies of her age. Signs are small measurable things, but interpretations are illimitable, and in girls of sweet, ardent nature, every sign is apt to conjure up wonder, hope, belief, vast as a sky, and colored by a diffused thimbleful of matter in the shape of knowledge. They are not always too grossly deceived; for Sinbad himself may have fallen by good-luck on a true description, and wrong reasoning sometimes lands poor mortals in right conclusions: starting a long way off the true point, and proceeding by loops and zigzags, we now and then arrive just where we ought to be.

dispositions - disposición; inclinación, temperamento, carácter

unhesitatingly - Sin vacilar

interpretations - interpretaciones; interpretación, apreciación

conjure up - conjurar

diffused - difusa; difundir(se)

thimbleful - dedal

grossly - asquerosamente; groseramente

mortals - ortales; mortal

loops - bucle; lazo, lazada, gaza, recodo

zigzags - zigzags; zigzag, en zigzag, zigzaguear

Because Miss Brooke was hasty in her trust, it is not therefore clear that Mr. Casaubon was unworthy of it.

hasty - apresurarse; apresurado, de prisa, arrebatado, atropellado

unworthy - indigno

He stayed a little longer than he had intended, on a slight pressure of invitation from Mr. Brooke, who offered no bait except his own documents on machine-breaking and rick-burning. Mr. Casaubon was called into the library to look at these in a heap, while his host picked up first one and then the other to read aloud from in a skipping and uncertain way, passing from one unfinished passage to another with a "Yes, now, but here!

Slight - insignificante, leve, ligero, falta de respeto

offered - ofrecido; ofrecer

bait - cebo, carnada, carnaza

heap - pila, montón, cúmulo, montículo, checkpila, amontonar

aloud - en voz alta, de viva voz

skipping - saltando; saltar

unfinished - inacabado, inconcluso

passage - pasaje; pasillo, pasadizo

and finally pushing them all aside to open the journal of his youthful Continental travels.

aside - aparte, a un lado, aparte

youthful - juvenil, joven

Continental - continental

"Look here"here is all about Greece. Rhamnus, the ruins of Rhamnus"you are a great Grecian, now. I don't know whether you have given much study to the topography. I spent no end of time in making out these things"Helicon, now. Here, now!"˜We started the next morning for Parnassus, the double-peaked Parnassus.

Greece - Grecia

ruins - ruinas; ruina, desbaratar, arruinar, estropear, dar al traste

Grecian - Griego

topography - topografía

peaked - llegó a su punto máximo; pico, cumbre

All this volume is about Greece, you know," Mr. Brooke wound up, rubbing his thumb transversely along the edges of the leaves as he held the book forward.

volume - volumen

wound - Herida

rubbing - Frotar; (rub); frotación, frotamiento, frote, frotar

thumb - pulgar

transversely - Transversalmente

Mr. Casaubon made a dignified though somewhat sad audience; bowed in the right place, and avoided looking at anything documentary as far as possible, without showing disregard or impatience; mindful that this desultoriness was associated with the institutions of the country, and that the man who took him on this severe mental scamper was not only an amiable host, but a landholder and custos rotulorum.

somewhat - algo, un poco, de algún modo, de alguna manera

disregard - desprecio; descuidar, desatender, ignorar

mindful - conciencia; consciente

desultoriness - desultado

institutions - instituciones; institución

severe - severo, grave, austero

scamper - escapar; zafarse, corretear

landholder - terrateniente

custos - custos; custodio

Was his endurance aided also by the reflection that Mr. Brooke was the uncle of Dorothea?

endurance - resistencia, aguante

aided - ayudado; ayuda, auxilio

reflection - reflexión, reflejo

Certainly he seemed more and more bent on making her talk to him, on drawing her out, as Celia remarked to herself; and in looking at her his face was often lit up by a smile like pale wintry sunshine. Before he left the next morning, while taking a pleasant walk with Miss Brooke along the gravelled terrace, he had mentioned to her that he felt the disadvantage of loneliness, the need of that cheerful companionship with which the presence of youth can lighten or vary the serious toils of maturity. And he delivered this statement with as much careful precision as if he had been a diplomatic envoy whose words would be attended with results. Indeed, Mr. Casaubon was not used to expect that he should have to repeat or revise his communications of a practical or personal kind.

remarked - remarcado; observación, comentario

wintry - invernal

sunshine - sol, luz del sol

gravelled - grava, gravilla, rociar con grava, salpicar con grava

terrace - terraza, terrado, bancal, azotea, terraplenar, aterrazar

loneliness - soledad

lighten - Aligerar

vary - variar

toils - trabajos; esfuerzo, labrar, trabajar

maturity - madurez, vencimiento

diplomatic - diplomático

envoy - enviado

The inclinations which he had deliberately stated on the 2d of October he would think it enough to refer to by the mention of that date; judging by the standard of his own memory, which was a volume where a vide supra could serve instead of repetitions, and not the ordinary long-used blotting-book which only tells of forgotten writing. But in this case Mr. Casaubon's confidence was not likely to be falsified, for Dorothea heard and retained what he said with the eager interest of a fresh young nature to which every variety in experience is an epoch.

inclinations - inclinaciones; inclinación

deliberately - deliberadamente, concienzudamente

repetitions - repeticiones; repetición

blotting - borrado; (blot); mancha, desdoro, emborronar, manchar

confidence - confianza; certeza, certeza propia, certidumbre, confidencia

falsified - falsificado; falsificar, falsear, falsar

eager - ávido, ansioso, deseoso

epoch - época

It was three o'clock in the beautiful breezy autumn day when Mr. Casaubon drove off to his Rectory at Lowick, only five miles from Tipton; and Dorothea, who had on her bonnet and shawl, hurried along the shrubbery and across the park that she might wander through the bordering wood with no other visible companionship than that of Monk, the Great St. Bernard dog, who always took care of the young ladies in their walks. There had risen before her the girl's vision of a possible future for herself to which she looked forward with trembling hope, and she wanted to wander on in that visionary future without interruption. She walked briskly in the brisk air, the color rose in her cheeks, and her straw bonnet (which our contemporaries might look at with conjectural curiosity as at an obsolete form of basket) fell a little backward.

breezy - fresco

bonnet - capucha, gorra, cofia, capota, capó

shawl - un chal; chal, panolón

shrubbery - arbustos; matorral

wander - vagar, divagar, errar, deambular, enganar

visible - visible

monk - monje

St. Bernard - San Bernardo

visionary - visionario, ilusorio, idealista, visionario, visionaria

interruption - interrupción, paréntesis

briskly - enérgicamente; con brío, brioso; rápido, enérgico, briosamente

contemporaries - ontemporáneos; contemporario, contemporáneo

obsolete - obsoleto

basket - cesta, cesto, canasta

She would perhaps be hardly characterized enough if it were omitted that she wore her brown hair flatly braided and coiled behind so as to expose the outline of her head in a daring manner at a time when public feeling required the meagreness of nature to be dissimulated by tall barricades of frizzed curls and bows, never surpassed by any great race except the Feejeean. This was a trait of Miss Brooke's asceticism. But there was nothing of an ascetic's expression in her bright full eyes, as she looked before her, not consciously seeing, but absorbing into the intensity of her mood, the solemn glory of the afternoon with its long swathes of light between the far-off rows of limes, whose shadows touched each other.

characterized - caracterizado; caracterizar

omitted - omitido; omitir, dejar de lado, dejarse en el tintero

flatly - categóricamente, de plano, en redondo

braided - trenzado; trenzar

coiled - en espiral; enroscarse

expose - exponer, revelar, descubrir, exhibir

outline - contorno, esbozo, resumen, delinear, resumir

daring - atrevido, audaz, osado; (dare); atrevido, audaz, osado

public feeling - Sentimiento público

barricades - barricadas; barricada

frizzed - encrespado; rizar

curls - rizos; rizo, bucle, flexión

bows - arcos; (bow) arcos

surpassed - superado; sobrepasar, superar, aventajar

trait - rasgo, característica

asceticism - ascetismo, ascética

consciously - conscientemente

absorbing - absorbente; absorber

solemn - solemne

glory - gloria

swathes - ranjas; envolver; vendar

rows - filas; hilera, fila

limes - limas; cal

shadows - sombras; sombra

All people, young or old (that is, all people in those ante-reform times), would have thought her an interesting object if they had referred the glow in her eyes and cheeks to the newly awakened ordinary images of young love: the illusions of Chloe about Strephon have been sufficiently consecrated in poetry, as the pathetic loveliness of all spontaneous trust ought to be. Miss Pippin adoring young Pumpkin, and dreaming along endless vistas of unwearying companionship, was a little drama which never tired our fathers and mothers, and had been put into all costumes.

ante - luz

glow - resplandor; fulgir, fulgurar, iluminar, brillar

awakened - despertado; despertar, despertarse

illusions - ilusiones; ilusión

sufficiently - suficientemente

consecrated - consagrado; consagrar

pathetic - patético, penoso

spontaneous - espontáneo

adoring - adorando; adorar, querer

pumpkin - calabaza, calabazera, auyama

endless - interminable, sin fin, infinito

vistas - istas; vista

unwearying - Incansable

Let but Pumpkin have a figure which would sustain the disadvantages of the shortwaisted swallow-tail, and everybody felt it not only natural but necessary to the perfection of womanhood, that a sweet girl should be at once convinced of his virtue, his exceptional ability, and above all, his perfect sincerity. But perhaps no persons then living"certainly none in the neighborhood of Tipton"would have had a sympathetic understanding for the dreams of a girl whose notions about marriage took their color entirely from an exalted enthusiasm about the ends of life, an enthusiasm which was lit chiefly by its own fire, and included neither the niceties of the trousseau, the pattern of plate, nor even the honors and sweet joys of the blooming matron.

sustain - sostener, sustentar

shortwaisted - De cintura corta

swallow - tragar, engullir

sweet girl - dulce chica

virtue - virtud

exceptional - excepcional

sincerity - sinceridad

neighborhood - vecindad, barrio, vecindario, cercanía

sympathetic - simpático; compasivo, comprensivo, amable

enthusiasm - entusiasmo

chiefly - principalmente, sobre todo, particularmente, especialmente

trousseau - ajuar de novia; ajuar

honors - honores; honor, privilegio, honrar, ajustarse, acatar, respetar

joys - legrías; alegría, júbilo

Matron - matrona

It had now entered Dorothea's mind that Mr. Casaubon might wish to make her his wife, and the idea that he would do so touched her with a sort of reverential gratitude. How good of him"nay, it would be almost as if a winged messenger had suddenly stood beside her path and held out his hand towards her! For a long while she had been oppressed by the indefiniteness which hung in her mind, like a thick summer haze, over all her desire to make her life greatly effective. What could she do, what ought she to do?"she, hardly more than a budding woman, but yet with an active conscience and a great mental need, not to be satisfied by a girlish instruction comparable to the nibblings and judgments of a discursive mouse. With some endowment of stupidity and conceit, she might have thought that a Christian young lady of fortune should find her ideal of life in village charities, patronage of the humbler clergy, the perusal of "Female Scripture Characters," unfolding the private experience of Sara under the Old Dispensation, and Dorcas under the New, and the care of her soul over her embroidery in her own boudoir"with a background of prospective marriage to a man who, if less strict than herself, as being involved in affairs religiously inexplicable, might be prayed for and seasonably exhorted.

reverential - reverencial

gratitude - gratitud

messenger - mensajero

beside - al lado de, cabe

oppressed - primidos; oprimir

haze - niebla; neblina

greatly - en gran medida; grandemente, enormemente, sobremanera

conscience - conciencia

satisfied - satisfecho; satisfacer

girlish - femenino, de nina

comparable - comparables; comparable, equiparable

nibblings - Mordisqueando

judgments - juicios; juicio

discursive - discursivo

Endowment - donación; dote, dotación

stupidity - estupidez, burricie, tontería, idiotez

conceit - engreimiento, vanidad, presunción, ego

Patronage - patronato; patrocinio, clientela

humbler - Más humilde; (humble) Más humilde

perusal - consulta; escrutinio, lectura atenta, lectura cuidadosa

dispensation - distribución; dispensación

embroidery - bordado

prospective - prospectiva; prospectivo

affairs - asuntos; negocio, asunto, rollo, amorío, aventura

religiously - religiosamente

inexplicable - inexplicable

seasonably - estacionalmente; tempestivamente

exhorted - exhortado; exhortar

From such contentment poor Dorothea was shut out. The intensity of her religious disposition, the coercion it exercised over her life, was but one aspect of a nature altogether ardent, theoretic, and intellectually consequent: and with such a nature struggling in the bands of a narrow teaching, hemmed in by a social life which seemed nothing but a labyrinth of petty courses, a walled-in maze of small paths that led no whither, the outcome was sure to strike others as at once exaggeration and inconsistency. The thing which seemed to her best, she wanted to justify by the completest knowledge; and not to live in a pretended admission of rules which were never acted on. Into this soul-hunger as yet all her youthful passion was poured; the union which attracted her was one that would deliver her from her girlish subjection to her own ignorance, and give her the freedom of voluntary submission to a guide who would take her along the grandest path.

contentment - satisfacción

disposition - disposición; inclinación, temperamento, carácter

coercion - coacción; coerción

aspect - aspecto

intellectually - intelectualmente

consequent - consecuente, consecuente

struggling - con dificultades; (struggle); lucha, forcejeo, brega, luchar

hemmed - con dobladillo; dobladillo

labyrinth - laberinto, dédalo

petty - pequeno; baladí, de pitiminí, detallista, insignificante

maze - laberinto, desconcertar

whither - ?adónde?

outcome - resultado, consecuencia, desenlace, objetivos

strike - tachar, borrar, golpear, pegar, acunar, hacer la huelga

exaggeration - exageración

admission - admisión, admisión, confesión

hunger - hambre

girlish - nina

subjection - sometimiento; sumisión

freedom - libertad

voluntary - voluntaria; voluntario

submission - Presentación

grandest - el más grande; magnífico, espléndido, imponente

"I should learn everything then," she said to herself, still walking quickly along the bridle road through the wood. "It would be my duty to study that I might help him the better in his great works. There would be nothing trivial about our lives. Every-day things with us would mean the greatest things. It would be like marrying Pascal. I should learn to see the truth by the same light as great men have seen it by. And then I should know what to do, when I got older: I should see how it was possible to lead a grand life here"now"in England.

trivial - trivial

grand - grande; magnífico, espléndido, imponente

I don't feel sure about doing good in any way now: everything seems like going on a mission to a people whose language I don't know;"unless it were building good cottages"there can be no doubt about that. Oh, I hope I should be able to get the people well housed in Lowick! I will draw plenty of plans while I have time."

mission - misión

Dorothea checked herself suddenly with self-rebuke for the presumptuous way in which she was reckoning on uncertain events, but she was spared any inward effort to change the direction of her thoughts by the appearance of a cantering horseman round a turning of the road. The well-groomed chestnut horse and two beautiful setters could leave no doubt that the rider was Sir James Chettam.

rebuke - reprender; reproche, reprensión, reprimenda, reprobación

presumptuous - presuntuoso

reckoning - recuperación; cálculo

spared - se salvó; palo, verga

thoughts - pensamientos; pensamiento

horseman - caballero, jinete

groomed - preparado; mozo de cuadra

setters - colocadores; setter, perro de muestra

rider - jinete

He discerned Dorothea, jumped off his horse at once, and, having delivered it to his groom, advanced towards her with something white on his arm, at which the two setters were barking in an excited manner.

discerned - iscernido; percibir, sensar, vislumbrar, discernir

barking - ladrando; ladrido

"How delightful to meet you, Miss Brooke," he said, raising his hat and showing his sleekly waving blond hair. "It has hastened the pleasure I was looking forward to."

sleekly - con elegancia

hastened - se precipitó; correr, acelerar, precipitar, anticipar, adelantar

Miss Brooke was annoyed at the interruption. This amiable baronet, really a suitable husband for Celia, exaggerated the necessity of making himself agreeable to the elder sister. Even a prospective brother-in-law may be an oppression if he will always be presupposing too good an understanding with you, and agreeing with you even when you contradict him. The thought that he had made the mistake of paying his addresses to herself could not take shape: all her mental activity was used up in persuasions of another kind. But he was positively obtrusive at this moment, and his dimpled hands were quite disagreeable.

exaggerated - exagerado; exagerar

necessity - necesidad, menester

oppression - opresión

presupposing - suponiendo; presuponer

contradict - contradecir, contrariar

persuasions - persuasiones; persuasión

positively - ositivamente; inequívocamente, terminantemente, de todas maneras

obtrusive - obstrusivo; protuberante, sobresaliente

dimpled - con hoyuelos; hoyuelo, camanance, formar hoyuelos

disagreeable - desagradable

Her roused temper made her color deeply, as she returned his greeting with some haughtiness.

roused - despertado; despertar

haughtiness - soberbia, altanería, altivez, orgullo

Sir James interpreted the heightened color in the way most gratifying to himself, and thought he never saw Miss Brooke looking so handsome.

heightened - aumentado; elevar, realzar

"I have brought a little petitioner," he said, "or rather, I have brought him to see if he will be approved before his petition is offered." He showed the white object under his arm, which was a tiny Maltese puppy, one of nature's most naive toys.

petitioner - petición; accionante, peticionario

approved - aprobado; aprobar; tener un buen concepto de

Maltese - malteses, maltés

puppy - cachorro, perrito

most naive - el más ingenuo

"It is painful to me to see these creatures that are bred merely as pets," said Dorothea, whose opinion was forming itself that very moment (as opinions will) under the heat of irritation.

creatures - criaturas; criatura

irritation - irritación

"Oh, why?" said Sir James, as they walked forward.

"I believe all the petting that is given them does not make them happy. They are too helpless: their lives are too frail. A weasel or a mouse that gets its own living is more interesting. I like to think that the animals about us have souls something like our own, and either carry on their own little affairs or can be companions to us, like Monk here. Those creatures are parasitic."

frail - frágil; débil, delicado

weasel - comadreja, mustela, turón, checkmostela

Companions - companeros; companero, companera

parasitic - parásitos; parasítico, parasitario, parásito

"I am so glad I know that you do not like them," said good Sir James. "I should never keep them for myself, but ladies usually are fond of these Maltese dogs. Here, John, take this dog, will you?"

The objectionable puppy, whose nose and eyes were equally black and expressive, was thus got rid of, since Miss Brooke decided that it had better not have been born. But she felt it necessary to explain.

expressive - expresivo

rid - cabalgar; librar

"You must not judge of Celia's feeling from mine. I think she likes these small pets. She had a tiny terrier once, which she was very fond of. It made me unhappy, because I was afraid of treading on it. I am rather short-sighted."

"You have your own opinion about everything, Miss Brooke, and it is always a good opinion."

What answer was possible to such stupid complimenting?

complimenting - cumplidos; cumplido, felicitar, cumplimentar

"Do you know, I envy you that," Sir James said, as they continued walking at the rather brisk pace set by Dorothea.

envy - envidia, pelusa, envidiar

brisk - brioso, enérgico, vital, vigorizante, brusco

"I don't quite understand what you mean."

"Your power of forming an opinion. I can form an opinion of persons. I know when I like people. But about other matters, do you know, I have often a difficulty in deciding. One hears very sensible things said on opposite sides."

"Or that seem sensible. Perhaps we don't always discriminate between sense and nonsense."

discriminate - discriminar

nonsense - tonterías; tontería, tontada, tontuna, disparate

Dorothea felt that she was rather rude.

"Exactly," said Sir James. "But you seem to have the power of discrimination."

discrimination - discriminación

"On the contrary, I am often unable to decide. But that is from ignorance. The right conclusion is there all the same, though I am unable to see it."

contrary - contrario

"I think there are few who would see it more readily. Do you know, Lovegood was telling me yesterday that you had the best notion in the world of a plan for cottages"quite wonderful for a young lady, he thought. You had a real genus, to use his expression. He said you wanted Mr. Brooke to build a new set of cottages, but he seemed to think it hardly probable that your uncle would consent.

readily - listo; fácilmente, en seguida, pronto

genus - género; (genu); género

consent - consentir, consentimiento, venia, anuencia

Do you know, that is one of the things I wish to do"I mean, on my own estate. I should be so glad to carry out that plan of yours, if you would let me see it. Of course, it is sinking money; that is why people object to it. Laborers can never pay rent to make it answer. But, after all, it is worth doing."

laborers - trabajadores; trabajador, obrero, currito

"Worth doing! yes, indeed," said Dorothea, energetically, forgetting her previous small vexations. "I think we deserve to be beaten out of our beautiful houses with a scourge of small cords"all of us who let tenants live in such sties as we see round us. Life in cottages might be happier than ours, if they were real houses fit for human beings from whom we expect duties and affections."

energetically - enérgicamente

vexations - ejaciones; vejación, vejación

deserve - merecer, meritar

A scourge - una lacra

cords - cuerdas; cuerda, cable, hilo, cordón

sties - rzuelos; pocilga, zahúrda

affections - fectos; afecto, carino, apego

"Will you show me your plan?"

"Yes, certainly. I dare say it is very faulty. But I have been examining all the plans for cottages in Loudon's book, and picked out what seem the best things. Oh what a happiness it would be to set the pattern about here! I think instead of Lazarus at the gate, we should put the pigsty cottages outside the park-gate."

faulty - defectuoso, imperfecto

Lazarus - Lázaro

pigsty - cerdo; pocilga, chiquero, cochiquera, cochitril

Dorothea was in the best temper now. Sir James, as brother in-law, building model cottages on his estate, and then, perhaps, others being built at Lowick, and more and more elsewhere in imitation"it would be as if the spirit of Oberlin had passed over the parishes to make the life of poverty beautiful!

elsewhere - En otro sitio

imitation - imitación

parishes - arroquias; parroquia

Sir James saw all the plans, and took one away to consult upon with Lovegood. He also took away a complacent sense that he was making great progress in Miss Brooke's good opinion. The Maltese puppy was not offered to Celia; an omission which Dorothea afterwards thought of with surprise; but she blamed herself for it. She had been engrossing Sir James. After all, it was a relief that there was no puppy to tread upon.

consult - consultar

complacent - autocomplaciente

omission - omisión

engrossing - entusiasmante; acaparar, arramblar, apandar, alzarse con

tread - pisada; pisar, pisotear, hollar

Celia was present while the plans were being examined, and observed Sir James's illusion. "He thinks that Dodo cares about him, and she only cares about her plans. Yet I am not certain that she would refuse him if she thought he would let her manage everything and carry out all her notions. And how very uncomfortable Sir James would be! I cannot bear notions."

illusion - ilusión

It was Celia's private luxury to indulge in this dislike. She dared not confess it to her sister in any direct statement, for that would be laying herself open to a demonstration that she was somehow or other at war with all goodness. But on safe opportunities, she had an indirect mode of making her negative wisdom tell upon Dorothea, and calling her down from her rhapsodic mood by reminding her that people were staring, not listening.

indulge - darse un capricho; ceder, sucumbir, mimar, consentir

confess - confesar, panish: t-needed

demonstration - demostración, manifestación

somehow - de algún modo, de alguna manera, de alguna forma

wisdom - sabiduría

rhapsodic - Rapsódico

Celia was not impulsive: what she had to say could wait, and came from her always with the same quiet staccato evenness. When people talked with energy and emphasis she watched their faces and features merely. She never could understand how well-bred persons consented to sing and open their mouths in the ridiculous manner requisite for that vocal exercise.

impulsive - impulsivo

evenness - Equidad

emphasis - énfasis, hincapié

consented - consintió; consentir, consentimiento, venia, anuencia

requisite - requisito; necesario

vocal - vocal

It was not many days before Mr. Casaubon paid a morning visit, on which he was invited again for the following week to dine and stay the night. Thus Dorothea had three more conversations with him, and was convinced that her first impressions had been just. He was all she had at first imagined him to be: almost everything he had said seemed like a specimen from a mine, or the inscription on the door of a museum which might open on the treasures of past ages; and this trust in his mental wealth was all the deeper and more effective on her inclination because it was now obvious that his visits were made for her sake. This accomplished man condescended to think of a young girl, and take the pains to talk to her, not with absurd compliment, but with an appeal to her understanding, and sometimes with instructive correction. What delightful companionship! Mr. Casaubon seemed even unconscious that trivialities existed, and never handed round that small-talk of heavy men which is as acceptable as stale bride-cake brought forth with an odor of cupboard. He talked of what he was interested in, or else he was silent and bowed with sad civility. To Dorothea this was adorable genuineness, and religious abstinence from that artificiality which uses up the soul in the efforts of pretence. For she looked as reverently at Mr. Casaubon's religious elevation above herself as she did at his intellect and learning. He assented to her expressions of devout feeling, and usually with an appropriate quotation; he allowed himself to say that he had gone through some spiritual conflicts in his youth; in short, Dorothea saw that here she might reckon on understanding, sympathy, and guidance.

specimen - espécimen, ejemplar

inscription - inscripción, dedicatoria

treasures - tesoros; tesoro, atesorar

inclination - inclinación

accomplished - cumplido; efectuar, realizar, lograr, completar

condescended to - ser condescendiente con

absurd - absurdo, absurdo

compliment - cumplido, felicitar, cumplimentar

appeal - apelación; suplicar, rogar

correction - corrección

unconscious - inconsciente, subconsciente, subconsciencia

handed round - repartido

acceptable - aceptable, asumible

stale - duro, rancio, seco

odor - olor

civility - civismo, civilidad

adorable - adorable, encantador

abstinence - vigilia, abstinencia

reverently - con reverencia

elevation - elevación, alzado, altitud, checkascenso, checkelevación

intellect - intelecto

assented - aceptó; asentir, consentir, asentimiento

devout - devoto

appropriate - es apropiado; apropiado, adecuado, aduenarse, designar

conflicts - conflictos; conflicto, discrepancia, discrepar, estar renido

reckon - te parece; considerar

sympathy - simpatía; compasión, empatía, compasión

guidance - dirección, orientación, consejo

On one"only one"of her favorite themes she was disappointed. Mr. Casaubon apparently did not care about building cottages, and diverted the talk to the extremely narrow accommodation which was to be had in the dwellings of the ancient Egyptians, as if to check a too high standard. After he was gone, Dorothea dwelt with some agitation on this indifference of his; and her mind was much exercised with arguments drawn from the varying conditions of climate which modify human needs, and from the admitted wickedness of pagan despots. Should she not urge these arguments on Mr. Casaubon when he came again? But further reflection told her that she was presumptuous in demanding his attention to such a subject; he would not disapprove of her occupying herself with it in leisure moments, as other women expected to occupy themselves with their dress and embroidery"would not forbid it when"Dorothea felt rather ashamed as she detected herself in these speculations. But her uncle had been invited to go to Lowick to stay a couple of days: was it reasonable to suppose that Mr. Casaubon delighted in Mr. Brooke's society for its own sake, either with or without documents?

apparently - evidentemente, obviamente, por lo visto, aparentemente

diverted - desviado; desviar, entretener, distraer

dwellings - vivienda

indifference - indiferencia

modify - modificar

wickedness - maldad, perversidad

despots - déspotas; déspota

demanding - exigente; demanda, exigencia, exigir, demandar

occupying - ocupando; ocupar

forbid - prohibir, vedar, vetar, negar

ashamed - avergonzado, abochornado, apenado

detected - detectado; detectar, sentir

speculations - especulaciones; especulación

reasonable - razonable, módico

Meanwhile that little disappointment made her delight the more in Sir James Chettam's readiness to set on foot the desired improvements. He came much oftener than Mr. Casaubon, and Dorothea ceased to find him disagreeable since he showed himself so entirely in earnest; for he had already entered with much practical ability into Lovegood's estimates, and was charmingly docile.

disappointment - decepción, desilusión, chasco

readiness - preparados; preparación

desired - deseado; desear, deseo, gana

ceased - esado; cesar, parar, terminar

Estimates - estimaciones; presupuesto, estimación, estimar

charmingly - con encanto; encantadoramente

docile - dócil

She proposed to build a couple of cottages, and transfer two families from their old cabins, which could then be pulled down, so that new ones could be built on the old sites. Sir James said "Exactly," and she bore the word remarkably well.

proposed - propuesta; proponer, pedir la mano, pedir matrimonio

transfer - transferir, trasladar, calcar, imprimir, transferencia, calco

cabins - cabinas; barraca, cabana, cabina, camarote

Certainly these men who had so few spontaneous ideas might be very useful members of society under good feminine direction, if they were fortunate in choosing their sisters-in-law! It is difficult to say whether there was or was not a little wilfulness in her continuing blind to the possibility that another sort of choice was in question in relation to her. But her life was just now full of hope and action: she was not only thinking of her plans, but getting down learned books from the library and reading many things hastily (that she might be a little less ignorant in talking to Mr.

fortunate - afortunado, propicio, favorable, afortunada

wilfulness - voluntad

blind - ciego, invidente, celosía, persiana, ciega, ciego, cegar

getting down - se está bajando

hastily - apresuradamente; de prisa, atropelladamente

ignorant - ignorante, ignaro, inculto

Casaubon), all the while being visited with conscientious questionings whether she were not exalting these poor doings above measure and contemplating them with that self-satisfaction which was the last doom of ignorance and folly.

exalting - exaltando; exaltar

doings - Haciendo

contemplating - contemplando; contemplar

doom - condenar, danar

folly - una locura; capricho


1st Gent. Our deeds are fetters that we forge ourselves.

deeds - hechos; hecho, acto, acción, obra, hazana

fetters - grilletes; grillos, pihuelas, or animals, grillos, pihuela

forge - forja

2d Gent. Ay, truly: but I think it is the world

Ay - Sí

truly - de verdad; verdaderamente, realmente

That brings the iron.

"Sir James seems determined to do everything you wish," said Celia, as they were driving home from an inspection of the new building-site.

inspection - inspección

"He is a good creature, and more sensible than any one would imagine," said Dorothea, inconsiderately.

"You mean that he appears silly."

"No, no," said Dorothea, recollecting herself, and laying her hand on her sister's a moment, "but he does not talk equally well on all subjects."

recollecting - recordando; recordar, acordarse de

"I should think none but disagreeable people do," said Celia, in her usual purring way. "They must be very dreadful to live with. Only think! at breakfast, and always."

purring - Ronroneando; (pur) Ronroneando

dreadful - terrible; espantoso, espantosa

Dorothea laughed. "O Kitty, you are a wonderful creature!" She pinched Celia's chin, being in the mood now to think her very winning and lovely"fit hereafter to be an eternal cherub, and if it were not doctrinally wrong to say so, hardly more in need of salvation than a squirrel. "Of course people need not be always talking well. Only one tells the quality of their minds when they try to talk well."

chin - barbilla, mentón

cherub - querubín

Salvation - salvación

squirrel - ardilla

"You mean that Sir James tries and fails."

"I was speaking generally. Why do you catechise me about Sir James? It is not the object of his life to please me."

catechise - Catequizar

"Now, Dodo, can you really believe that?"

"Certainly. He thinks of me as a future sister"that is all." Dorothea had never hinted this before, waiting, from a certain shyness on such subjects which was mutual between the sisters, until it should be introduced by some decisive event. Celia blushed, but said at once"

hinted - insinuado; pista, indicio, indirecta, buscapié, toque

shyness - timidez

mutual - mutua; mutuo, recíproco

decisive - decisivo, decidido

"Pray do not make that mistake any longer, Dodo. When Tantripp was brushing my hair the other day, she said that Sir James's man knew from Mrs. Cadwallader's maid that Sir James was to marry the eldest Miss Brooke."

"How can you let Tantripp talk such gossip to you, Celia?" said Dorothea, indignantly, not the less angry because details asleep in her memory were now awakened to confirm the unwelcome revelation. "You must have asked her questions. It is degrading."

gossip - chismoso, chismosa, chisme, chismear, cotillear, chismorrear

indignantly - con indignación

unwelcome - no es bienvenido; embarazoso, inoportuno, molesto

degrading - degradante; degradar, erosionar

"I see no harm at all in Tantripp's talking to me. It is better to hear what people say. You see what mistakes you make by taking up notions. I am quite sure that Sir James means to make you an offer; and he believes that you will accept him, especially since you have been so pleased with him about the plans. And uncle too"I know he expects it. Every one can see that Sir James is very much in love with you."

harm - dano; dano, danar

The revulsion was so strong and painful in Dorothea's mind that the tears welled up and flowed abundantly. All her dear plans were embittered, and she thought with disgust of Sir James's conceiving that she recognized him as her lover. There was vexation too on account of Celia.

abundantly - en abundancia; abundantemente

embittered - amargado; amargar

disgust - repugnar, dar asco, asquear, asco, repugnancia

conceiving - concebir

vexation - enfado; vejación, vejación

"How could he expect it?" she burst forth in her most impetuous manner. "I have never agreed with him about anything but the cottages: I was barely polite to him before."

burst - reventar, romper, ráfaga, estallo, reventón

barely - apenas

polite to - amable con

"But you have been so pleased with him since then; he has begun to feel quite sure that you are fond of him."

"Fond of him, Celia! How can you choose such odious expressions?" said Dorothea, passionately.

odious - odioso

passionately - con pasión; apasionadamente

"Dear me, Dorothea, I suppose it would be right for you to be fond of a man whom you accepted for a husband."

Dear me - !Vaya!

"It is offensive to me to say that Sir James could think I was fond of him. Besides, it is not the right word for the feeling I must have towards the man I would accept as a husband."

besides - además; al lado de, cabe

"Well, I am sorry for Sir James. I thought it right to tell you, because you went on as you always do, never looking just where you are, and treading in the wrong place. You always see what nobody else sees; it is impossible to satisfy you; yet you never see what is quite plain.

satisfy - satisfacer

That's your way, Dodo." Something certainly gave Celia unusual courage; and she was not sparing the sister of whom she was occasionally in awe. Who can tell what just criticisms Murr the Cat may be passing on us beings of wider speculation?

courage - coraje, valor, valentía

sparing - escatimando; prescindir, pasar sin

criticisms - críticas; crítica

speculation - especulación

"It is very painful," said Dorothea, feeling scourged. "I can have no more to do with the cottages. I must be uncivil to him. I must tell him I will have nothing to do with them. It is very painful." Her eyes filled again with tears.

scourged - azotado; azote, flagelo, azotar, flagelar

uncivil - incivil; maleducado, grosero

"Wait a little. Think about it. You know he is going away for a day or two to see his sister. There will be nobody besides Lovegood." Celia could not help relenting. "Poor Dodo," she went on, in an amiable staccato. "It is very hard: it is your favorite fad to draw plans."

relenting - Cediendo; (relent); ceder

fad - moda, moda pasajera

"Fad to draw plans! Do you think I only care about my fellow-creatures'houses in that childish way? I may well make mistakes. How can one ever do anything nobly Christian, living among people with such petty thoughts?"

fellow - colega; tipo

childish - para ninos, infantil, infantiloide, pueril

No more was said; Dorothea was too much jarred to recover her temper and behave so as to show that she admitted any error in herself. She was disposed rather to accuse the intolerable narrowness and the purblind conscience of the society around her: and Celia was no longer the eternal cherub, but a thorn in her spirit, a pink-and-white nullifidian, worse than any discouraging presence in the "Pilgrim's Progress." The fad of drawing plans!

jarred - jarred; tarro, bote

recover - recuperarse

disposed - dispuesto; deshacerse

accuse - acusar, denunciar

intolerable - insoportable; intolerable, de juzgado de guardia

narrowness - estrechez

thorn - espina, thorn

nullifidian - nulifidiana

discouraging - desalentador; descorazonar, acobardar, desalentar, persuadir

pilgrim - peregrino, colonista

What was life worth"what great faith was possible when the whole effect of one's actions could be withered up into such parched rubbish as that? When she got out of the carriage, her cheeks were pale and her eyelids red. She was an image of sorrow, and her uncle who met her in the hall would have been alarmed, if Celia had not been close to her looking so pretty and composed, that he at once concluded Dorothea's tears to have their origin in her excessive religiousness. He had returned, during their absence, from a journey to the county town, about a petition for the pardon of some criminal.

withered - se marchitó; marchitar(se)

parched - eseca; torrefacer, agostar

carriage - coche, carruaje

eyelids - párpados; párpado

sorrow - pena; tristeza, aflicción, infelicidad, pesar

composed - compuesto; componer, constituir, conformar, constar

origin - origen

absence - ausencia, falta, ausencia de hierro

petition - petición

"Well, my dears," he said, kindly, as they went up to kiss him, "I hope nothing disagreeable has happened while I have been away."

"No, uncle," said Celia, "we have been to Freshitt to look at the cottages. We thought you would have been at home to lunch."

"I came by Lowick to lunch"you didn't know I came by Lowick. And I have brought a couple of pamphlets for you, Dorothea"in the library, you know; they lie on the table in the library."

pamphlets - panfletos; folleto, panfleto

It seemed as if an electric stream went through Dorothea, thrilling her from despair into expectation. They were pamphlets about the early Church. The oppression of Celia, Tantripp, and Sir James was shaken off, and she walked straight to the library. Celia went up-stairs. Mr. Brooke was detained by a message, but when he re-entered the library, he found Dorothea seated and already deep in one of the pamphlets which had some marginal manuscript of Mr.

thrilling - emocionante; excitar; emocionar, conmover

shaken off - Sacudido

detained - detenido; panish: t-needed

marginal - marginales; marginal, fronterizo, adyacente, inferior, baldío

manuscript - manuscrito, manuscrito

Casaubon's,"taking it in as eagerly as she might have taken in the scent of a fresh bouquet after a dry, hot, dreary walk.

eagerly - con ganas; ansiosamente

bouquet - ramo de flores; ramo, ramita, buqué, aroma

dreary - aburrido, triste

She was getting away from Tipton and Freshitt, and her own sad liability to tread in the wrong places on her way to the New Jerusalem.

liability - responsabilidad

tread in - pisar

Jerusalem - Jerusalén

Mr. Brooke sat down in his arm-chair, stretched his legs towards the wood-fire, which had fallen into a wondrous mass of glowing dice between the dogs, and rubbed his hands gently, looking very mildly towards Dorothea, but with a neutral leisurely air, as if he had nothing particular to say.

arm-chair - (arm-chair) sillón

stretched - estirado; estirar, estirarse, dar, extenderse, estirón

wondrous - maravilloso

glowing - resplandeciente; fulgir, fulgurar, iluminar, brillar

dice - dados; cortar en cubos

rubbed - frotado; frotación, frotamiento, frote, frotar

gently - suavemente; mansamente, suave

neutral - neutral, neutro, neutral, punto muerto, punto neutral

leisurely - con calma

Dorothea closed her pamphlet, as soon as she was aware of her uncle's presence, and rose as if to go. Usually she would have been interested about her uncle's merciful errand on behalf of the criminal, but her late agitation had made her absent-minded.

merciful - misericordioso

errand - recado

absent - ausente

"I came back by Lowick, you know," said Mr. Brooke, not as if with any intention to arrest her departure, but apparently from his usual tendency to say what he had said before. This fundamental principle of human speech was markedly exhibited in Mr. Brooke. "I lunched there and saw Casaubon's library, and that kind of thing. There's a sharp air, driving. Won't you sit down, my dear? You look cold."

tendency - tendencia

fundamental - fundamental

exhibited - exhibido; exhibir, exponer, prueba documental

Dorothea felt quite inclined to accept the invitation. Some times, when her uncle's easy way of taking things did not happen to be exasperating, it was rather soothing.

exasperating - exasperante; exasperar

soothing - calmante; tranquilizador, tranquilizante; (sooth); verdad

She threw off her mantle and bonnet, and sat down opposite to him, enjoying the glow, but lifting up her beautiful hands for a screen. They were not thin hands, or small hands; but powerful, feminine, maternal hands. She seemed to be holding them up in propitiation for her passionate desire to know and to think, which in the unfriendly mediums of Tipton and Freshitt had issued in crying and red eyelids.

mantle - manto, camisa

opposite to - lo contrario de, opuesto a

maternal - maternal, materno

propitiation - propiciación

unfriendly - no es amistoso; antipático

mediums - medios

She bethought herself now of the condemned criminal. "What news have you brought about the sheep-stealer, uncle?"

bethought - Pensar

stealer - Robador

"What, poor Bunch?"well, it seems we can't get him off"he is to be hanged."

bunch - manojo, punado, (flowers) ramo, bonchote, racimo, grupo

hanged - Colgado

Dorothea's brow took an expression of reprobation and pity.

reprobation - reprobación

"Hanged, you know," said Mr. Brooke, with a quiet nod. "Poor Romilly! he would have helped us. I knew Romilly. Casaubon didn't know Romilly. He is a little buried in books, you know, Casaubon is."

nod - asentir, cabecear, cabezada

"When a man has great studies and is writing a great work, he must of course give up seeing much of the world. How can he go about making acquaintances?"

"That's true. But a man mopes, you know. I have always been a bachelor too, but I have that sort of disposition that I never moped; it was my way to go about everywhere and take in everything. I never moped: but I can see that Casaubon does, you know. He wants a companion"a companion, you know."

That's true - Es cierto

mopes - mofas; desanimarse

moped - un ciclomotor; ciclomotor; (mop); chascona, fregar

"It would be a great honor to any one to be his companion," said Dorothea, energetically.

"You like him, eh?" said Mr. Brooke, without showing any surprise, or other emotion. "Well, now, I've known Casaubon ten years, ever since he came to Lowick. But I never got anything out of him"any ideas, you know. However, he is a tiptop man and may be a bishop"that kind of thing, you know, if Peel stays in. And he has a very high opinion of you, my dear."

eh - no, qué, cómo

ve - e

tiptop - Toptop

bishop - obispo

Dorothea could not speak.

"The fact is, he has a very high opinion indeed of you. And he speaks uncommonly well"does Casaubon. He has deferred to me, you not being of age. In short, I have promised to speak to you, though I told him I thought there was not much chance. I was bound to tell him that. I said, my niece is very young, and that kind of thing.

uncommonly - inusualmente; extraordinariamente

deferred - aplazado; posponer, diferir

But I didn't think it necessary to go into everything. However, the long and the short of it is, that he has asked my permission to make you an offer of marriage"of marriage, you know," said Mr. Brooke, with his explanatory nod. "I thought it better to tell you, my dear."

No one could have detected any anxiety in Mr. Brooke's manner, but he did really wish to know something of his niece's mind, that, if there were any need for advice, he might give it in time. What feeling he, as a magistrate who had taken in so many ideas, could make room for, was unmixedly kind. Since Dorothea did not speak immediately, he repeated, "I thought it better to tell you, my dear."

anxiety - zozobra, ansiedad, inquietud

unmixedly - Sin mezclar

"Thank you, uncle," said Dorothea, in a clear unwavering tone. "I am very grateful to Mr. Casaubon. If he makes me an offer, I shall accept him. I admire and honor him more than any man I ever saw."

unwavering - inquebrantable, firme, indefectible, constante

Mr. Brooke paused a little, and then said in a lingering low tone, "Ah? ¦ Well! He is a good match in some respects. But now, Chettam is a good match. And our land lies together. I shall never interfere against your wishes, my dear. People should have their own way in marriage, and that sort of thing"up to a certain point, you know.

Lingering - Permaneciendo; (linger); permanecer, demorar, persistir

I have always said that, up to a certain point. I wish you to marry well; and I have good reason to believe that Chettam wishes to marry you. I mention it, you know."

"It is impossible that I should ever marry Sir James Chettam," said Dorothea. "If he thinks of marrying me, he has made a great mistake."

"That is it, you see. One never knows. I should have thought Chettam was just the sort of man a woman would like, now."

"Pray do not mention him in that light again, uncle," said Dorothea, feeling some of her late irritation revive.

revive - revivir

Mr. Brooke wondered, and felt that women were an inexhaustible subject of study, since even he at his age was not in a perfect state of scientific prediction about them. Here was a fellow like Chettam with no chance at all.

inexhaustible - inagotable

"Well, but Casaubon, now. There is no hurry"I mean for you. It's true, every year will tell upon him. He is over five-and-forty, you know. I should say a good seven-and-twenty years older than you. To be sure,"if you like learning and standing, and that sort of thing, we can't have everything.

And his income is good"he has a handsome property independent of the Church"his income is good. Still he is not young, and I must not conceal from you, my dear, that I think his health is not over-strong. I know nothing else against him."

conceal - esconder, ocultar

"I should not wish to have a husband very near my own age," said Dorothea, with grave decision. "I should wish to have a husband who was above me in judgment and in all knowledge."

judgment - juicio

Mr. Brooke repeated his subdued, "Ah?"I thought you had more of your own opinion than most girls. I thought you liked your own opinion"liked it, you know."

subdued - sumiso; someter, doblegar, domenar, debelar

"I cannot imagine myself living without some opinions, but I should wish to have good reasons for them, and a wise man could help me to see which opinions had the best foundation, and would help me to live according to them."

foundation - fundación, cimiento, base

"Very true. You couldn't put the thing better"couldn't put it better, beforehand, you know. But there are oddities in things," continued Mr. Brooke, whose conscience was really roused to do the best he could for his niece on this occasion. "Life isn't cast in a mould"not cut out by rule and line, and that sort of thing.

beforehand - de antemano, anticipadamente, adelantadamente, antes

oddities - extranezas; rareza

cast - moldear, elenco, castear, sondar, sondear, lanzar, lanzamiento

mould - moho; mantillo

I never married myself, and it will be the better for you and yours. The fact is, I never loved any one well enough to put myself into a noose for them. It is a noose, you know. Temper, now. There is temper. And a husband likes to be master."

noose - lazo; dogal

Master - maestro; senor, dueno; senora, duena

"I know that I must expect trials, uncle. Marriage is a state of higher duties. I never thought of it as mere personal ease," said poor Dorothea.

trials - pruebas; proceso, juicio

ease - facilidad; aliviar

"Well, you are not fond of show, a great establishment, balls, dinners, that kind of thing. I can see that Casaubon's ways might suit you better than Chettam's. And you shall do as you like, my dear. I would not hinder Casaubon; I said so at once; for there is no knowing how anything may turn out. You have not the same tastes as every young lady; and a clergyman and scholar"who may be a bishop"that kind of thing"may suit you better than Chettam.

establishment - establecimiento, establishment

scholar - erudito, especialista, estudioso, docto

Chettam is a good fellow, a good sound-hearted fellow, you know; but he doesn't go much into ideas. I did, when I was his age. But Casaubon's eyes, now. I think he has hurt them a little with too much reading."

"I should be all the happier, uncle, the more room there was for me to help him," said Dorothea, ardently.

"You have quite made up your mind, I see. Well, my dear, the fact is, I have a letter for you in my pocket." Mr. Brooke handed the letter to Dorothea, but as she rose to go away, he added, "There is not too much hurry, my dear. Think about it, you know."

When Dorothea had left him, he reflected that he had certainly spoken strongly: he had put the risks of marriage before her in a striking manner. It was his duty to do so. But as to pretending to be wise for young people,"no uncle, however much he had travelled in his youth, absorbed the new ideas, and dined with celebrities now deceased, could pretend to judge what sort of marriage would turn out well for a young girl who preferred Casaubon to Chettam. In short, woman was a problem which, since Mr.

absorbed - absorbido; absorber

dined - cenamos; cenar

deceased - fallecido; fallecimiento, deceso, óbito, defunción, fallecer

Brooke's mind felt blank before it, could be hardly less complicated than the revolutions of an irregular solid.

complicated - complicado; complicar

revolutions - revoluciones; revolución, vuelta, giro


"Hard students are commonly troubled with gowts, catarrhs, rheums, cachexia, bradypepsia, bad eyes, stone, and collick, crudities, oppilations, vertigo, winds, consumptions, and all such diseases as come by over-much sitting: they are most part lean, dry, ill-colored ¦ and all through immoderate pains and extraordinary studies. If you will not believe the truth of this, look upon great Tostatus and Thomas Aquainas'works; and tell me whether those men took pains.

commonly - comúnmente

catarrhs - catarros; catarro

rheums - reuma; legana

cachexia - caquexia

crudities - crudeza

oppilations - Opilación

vertigo - vértigo, mareo

winds - vientos; viento, aire

consumptions - consumos; consumo

lean - esbelta; inclinarse

immoderate - inmoderado; desmedido, desmesurado

extraordinary - extraordinario, descomunal

"BURTON'S Anatomy of Melancholy, P. I, s. 2.

anatomy - anatomía

melancholy - melancolía

This was Mr. Casaubon's letter.

MY DEAR MISS BROOKE,"I have your guardian's permission to address you on a subject than which I have none more at heart. I am not, I trust, mistaken in the recognition of some deeper correspondence than that of date in the fact that a consciousness of need in my own life had arisen contemporaneously with the possibility of my becoming acquainted with you. For in the first hour of meeting you, I had an impression of your eminent and perhaps exclusive fitness to supply that need (connected, I may say, with such activity of the affections as even the preoccupations of a work too special to be abdicated could not uninterruptedly dissimulate); and each succeeding opportunity for observation has given the impression an added depth by convincing me more emphatically of that fitness which I had preconceived, and thus evoking more decisively those affections to which I have but now referred. Our conversations have, I think, made sufficiently clear to you the tenor of my life and purposes: a tenor unsuited, I am aware, to the commoner order of minds.

correspondence - correspondencia, carteo, noticias

arisen - surgió; surgir, levantarse, provenir, aparecer

acquainted - conocido; dar a conocer, familiarizar

exclusive - exclusivo, panish: t-needed

abdicated - abdicó; abdicar

uninterruptedly - ininterrumpidamente

observation - observación, vigilancia; observancia, anotación, registro

depth - profundidad

emphatically - enfáticamente

preconceived - preconcebir

evoking - evocando; evocar, rememorar

decisively - con decisión; decisivamente

unsuited - Sin traje

But I have discerned in you an elevation of thought and a capability of devotedness, which I had hitherto not conceived to be compatible either with the early bloom of youth or with those graces of sex that may be said at once to win and to confer distinction when combined, as they notably are in you, with the mental qualities above indicated. It was, I confess, beyond my hope to meet with this rare combination of elements both solid and attractive, adapted to supply aid in graver labors and to cast a charm over vacant hours; and but for the event of my introduction to you (which, let me again say, I trust not to be superficially coincident with foreshadowing needs, but providentially related thereto as stages towards the completion of a life's plan), I should presumably have gone on to the last without any attempt to lighten my solitariness by a matrimonial union.

capability - capacidad

devotedness - Dedicación

hitherto - hasta ahora, hasta aquí, hasta este momento, en ese entonces

conceived - concebido; concebir

compatible - compatible

bloom - florecer; flor

graces - gracias; (grace); gracias, benedícite, gracia, donaire, merced

aid - ayuda, auxilio

confer - conferir, debatir, consultar

notably - en particular; notablemente

combination - combinación

adapted - adaptar, ajustar, adaptarse, adaptado

labors - trabajos; trabajo

vacant - vacío; vacante

superficially - superficialmente

providentially - rovidencialmente

thereto - a ello; al respecto

completion - terminación; conclusión, compleción

attempt - intentar, tentativa, intento, ensayo

Such, my dear Miss Brooke, is the accurate statement of my feelings; and I rely on your kind indulgence in venturing now to ask you how far your own are of a nature to confirm my happy presentiment. To be accepted by you as your husband and the earthly guardian of your welfare, I should regard as the highest of providential gifts. In return I can at least offer you an affection hitherto unwasted, and the faithful consecration of a life which, however short in the sequel, has no backward pages whereon, if you choose to turn them, you will find records such as might justly cause you either bitterness or shame.

accurate - preciso, exacto, justo, correcto

rely - confiar; contar con, atenerse

venturing - Aventurarse; (venture); aventura, arriesgar

earthly - terrenal

welfare - bienestar, seguridad social

regard - respecto a; considerar

providential - providencial

unwasted - in desperdiciar

faithful - fieles; fiel, leal

consecration - consagración

sequel - secuela

whereon - dónde; en donde

justly - con justicia; justamente, con razón

bitterness - amargo, amargura, amargor, acíbar

shame - vergüenza, pena

I await the expression of your sentiments with an anxiety which it would be the part of wisdom (were it possible) to divert by a more arduous labor than usual. But in this order of experience I am still young, and in looking forward to an unfavorable possibility I cannot but feel that resignation to solitude will be more difficult after the temporary illumination of hope.

await - esperar, aguantar

divert - divertirse; desviar, entretener, distraer

arduous - arduo, riguroso

labor - trabajo

unfavorable - desfavorable

resignation - dimisión, renuncia, resignación

solitude - soledad, solitud

temporary - temporal, provisional

illumination - iluminación, ilustración

In any case, I shall remain,

Yours with sincere devotion,

sincere - sincero

devotion - devoción, dedicación, fervor, veneración


Dorothea trembled while she read this letter; then she fell on her knees, buried her face, and sobbed. She could not pray: under the rush of solemn emotion in which thoughts became vague and images floated uncertainly, she could but cast herself, with a childlike sense of reclining, in the lap of a divine consciousness which sustained her own. She remained in that attitude till it was time to dress for dinner.

trembled - tembló; tiritar, temblar, temblor, vibración, temblequera

sobbed - sollozó; hdp

rush - prisa; precipitarse, lanzarse, correr, ir rápidamente

floated - flotó; flotar, carroza

uncertainly - incertidumbre; inciertamente

reclining - reclinado; reclinarse

lap - vuelta; lamer

sustained - sostenido; sostener, sustentar

How could it occur to her to examine the letter, to look at it critically as a profession of love? Her whole soul was possessed by the fact that a fuller life was opening before her: she was a neophyte about to enter on a higher grade of initiation. She was going to have room for the energies which stirred uneasily under the dimness and pressure of her own ignorance and the petty peremptoriness of the world's habits.

critically - críticamente

possessed - poseído; poseer

neophyte - neófito, planta neófita

initiation - inicio, iniciación

stirred - agitado; remover, revolver

dimness - Opacidad

Now she would be able to devote herself to large yet definite duties; now she would be allowed to live continually in the light of a mind that she could reverence. This hope was not unmixed with the glow of proud delight"the joyous maiden surprise that she was chosen by the man whom her admiration had chosen. All Dorothea's passion was transfused through a mind struggling towards an ideal life; the radiance of her transfigured girlhood fell on the first object that came within its level.

devote - devota; dedicar

continually - continuadamente, continuamente

reverence - reverencia, veneración

unmixed - desmezclar

maiden - doncella

transfused - transfundido; transfundir

radiance - resplandor, brillo, fulgor

transfigured - ransfigurado; transfigurar

girlhood - ninez

The impetus with which inclination became resolution was heightened by those little events of the day which had roused her discontent with the actual conditions of her life.

discontent - descontento

actual - real, existente, verdadero, efectivo, actual

After dinner, when Celia was playing an "air, with variations," a small kind of tinkling which symbolized the aesthetic part of the young ladies'education, Dorothea went up to her room to answer Mr. Casaubon's letter. Why should she defer the answer? She wrote it over three times, not because she wished to change the wording, but because her hand was unusually uncertain, and she could not bear that Mr.

variations - variaciones; variación

tinkling - Tintineo; (tinkle) Tintineo

symbolized - imbolizado; simbolizar

aesthetic - stética; estético

defer - aplazar; posponer, diferir; (def) aplazar; posponer, diferir

Casaubon should think her handwriting bad and illegible. She piqued herself on writing a hand in which each letter was distinguishable without any large range of conjecture, and she meant to make much use of this accomplishment, to save Mr. Casaubon's eyes. Three times she wrote.

handwriting - escritura manuscrita, letra; (handwrite); panish: t-needed

illegible - ilegible, indescifrable

piqued - picado; resentimiento, despecho

distinguishable - se puede distinguir; distinguible

conjecture - conjeturas; conjetura, suposición, especulación, teoría

accomplishment - logro, éxito

MY Dear Mr. CASAUBON,"I am very grateful to you for loving me, and thinking me worthy to be your wife. I can look forward to no better happiness than that which would be one with yours. If I said more, it would only be the same thing written out at greater length, for I cannot now dwell on any other thought than that I may be through life

Dear Mr - Estimado Sr.

written out - escrito

dwell - habitar, morar

Yours devotedly,

devotedly - con devoción


Later in the evening she followed her uncle into the library to give him the letter, that he might send it in the morning. He was surprised, but his surprise only issued in a few moments'silence, during which he pushed about various objects on his writing-table, and finally stood with his back to the fire, his glasses on his nose, looking at the address of Dorothea's letter.

silence - silencio, silenciar, hacer callar

"Have you thought enough about this, my dear?" he said at last.

"There was no need to think long, uncle. I know of nothing to make me vacillate. If I changed my mind, it must be because of something important and entirely new to me."

vacillate - vacilar, vacilar

"Ah!"then you have accepted him? Then Chettam has no chance? Has Chettam offended you"offended you, you know? What is it you don't like in Chettam?"

"There is nothing that I like in him," said Dorothea, rather impetuously.

impetuously - impetuosamente

Mr. Brooke threw his head and shoulders backward as if some one had thrown a light missile at him. Dorothea immediately felt some self-rebuke, and said"

missile - proyectil, misil

"I mean in the light of a husband. He is very kind, I think"really very good about the cottages. A well-meaning man."

"But you must have a scholar, and that sort of thing? Well, it lies a little in our family. I had it myself"that love of knowledge, and going into everything"a little too much"it took me too far; though that sort of thing doesn't often run in the female-line; or it runs underground like the rivers in Greece, you know"it comes out in the sons. Clever sons, clever mothers.

I went a good deal into that, at one time. However, my dear, I have always said that people should do as they like in these things, up to a certain point. I couldn't, as your guardian, have consented to a bad match. But Casaubon stands well: his position is good. I am afraid Chettam will be hurt, though, and Mrs. Cadwallader will blame me."

blame - culpar, responsabilizar, echar la culpa

That evening, of course, Celia knew nothing of what had happened. She attributed Dorothea's abstracted manner, and the evidence of further crying since they had got home, to the temper she had been in about Sir James Chettam and the buildings, and was careful not to give further offence: having once said what she wanted to say, Celia had no disposition to recur to disagreeable subjects. It had been her nature when a child never to quarrel with any one"only to observe with wonder that they quarrelled with her, and looked like turkey-cocks; whereupon she was ready to play at cat's cradle with them whenever they recovered themselves. And as to Dorothea, it had always been her way to find something wrong in her sister's words, though Celia inwardly protested that she always said just how things were, and nothing else: she never did and never could put words together out of her own head. But the best of Dodo was, that she did not keep angry for long together.

attributed - atribuido; atributo, atribuir

abstracted - abstraído; resumen, extracto, abstracción, arte abstracto

offence - Ofensa

quarrelled - discutieron; pelea, rina

turkey - pavo, chompipe

cocks - pollas; gallo, macho

cradle - cuna, brezo, brezar, brizar

recovered - recuperado; recuperarse

Now, though they had hardly spoken to each other all the evening, yet when Celia put by her work, intending to go to bed, a proceeding in which she was always much the earlier, Dorothea, who was seated on a low stool, unable to occupy herself except in meditation, said, with the musical intonation which in moments of deep but quiet feeling made her speech like a fine bit of recitative"

stool - heces; taburete

occupy - ocupar

meditation - meditación

intonation - entonación

recitative - recitativo

"Celia, dear, come and kiss me," holding her arms open as she spoke.

Celia knelt down to get the right level and gave her little butterfly kiss, while Dorothea encircled her with gentle arms and pressed her lips gravely on each cheek in turn.

butterfly - mariposa

encircled - rodeado; rodear

"Don't sit up, Dodo, you are so pale to-night: go to bed soon," said Celia, in a comfortable way, without any touch of pathos.

"No, dear, I am very, very happy," said Dorothea, fervently.

fervently - con fervor; fervientemente, fervorosamente

"So much the better," thought Celia. "But how strangely Dodo goes from one extreme to the other."

strangely - extranamente; extranamente

The next day, at luncheon, the butler, handing something to Mr. Brooke, said, "Jonas is come back, sir, and has brought this letter."

luncheon - almuerzo

butler - sumiller, sommelier, mayordomo

Mr. Brooke read the letter, and then, nodding toward Dorothea, said, "Casaubon, my dear: he will be here to dinner; he didn't wait to write more"didn't wait, you know."

nodding - Asintiendo; (nod); asentir, cabecear, cabezada

It could not seem remarkable to Celia that a dinner guest should be announced to her sister beforehand, but, her eyes following the same direction as her uncle's, she was struck with the peculiar effect of the announcement on Dorothea. It seemed as if something like the reflection of a white sunlit wing had passed across her features, ending in one of her rare blushes. For the first time it entered into Celia's mind that there might be something more between Mr. Casaubon and her sister than his delight in bookish talk and her delight in listening.

dinner guest - Invitado a cenar

peculiar - particular; peculiar, raro, específico

sunlit - iluminado por el sol; soleado

blushes - se ruboriza; sonrojo, rubor

bookish - libris; estudioso, exico, literario, pedante, formalista

Hitherto she had classed the admiration for this "ugly" and learned acquaintance with the admiration for Monsieur Liret at Lausanne, also ugly and learned. Dorothea had never been tired of listening to old Monsieur Liret when Celia's feet were as cold as possible, and when it had really become dreadful to see the skin of his bald head moving about. Why then should her enthusiasm not extend to Mr. Casaubon simply in the same way as to Monsieur Liret? And it seemed probable that all learned men had a sort of schoolmaster's view of young people.

acquaintance - conocido; amistad, conocimiento, junta, relación

bald head - Cabeza calva

extend - extender, ampliar

But now Celia was really startled at the suspicion which had darted into her mind. She was seldom taken by surprise in this way, her marvellous quickness in observing a certain order of signs generally preparing her to expect such outward events as she had an interest in. Not that she now imagined Mr. Casaubon to be already an accepted lover: she had only begun to feel disgust at the possibility that anything in Dorothea's mind could tend towards such an issue. Here was something really to vex her about Dodo: it was all very well not to accept Sir James Chettam, but the idea of marrying Mr. Casaubon! Celia felt a sort of shame mingled with a sense of the ludicrous.

suspicion - sospecha, suspicacia

seldom - raramente, rara vez

marvellous - maravilloso

quickness - rapidez

outward - hacia fuera

vex - molestar, irritar, disgustar, afligir, atormentar, fastidiar

ludicrous - irrisorio, ridículo, disparatado, descabellado

But perhaps Dodo, if she were really bordering on such an extravagance, might be turned away from it: experience had often shown that her impressibility might be calculated on. The day was damp, and they were not going to walk out, so they both went up to their sitting-room; and there Celia observed that Dorothea, instead of settling down with her usual diligent interest to some occupation, simply leaned her elbow on an open book and looked out of the window at the great cedar silvered with the damp. She herself had taken up the making of a toy for the curate's children, and was not going to enter on any subject too precipitately.

impressibility - impresionabilidad

calculated - calculado; calcular

damp - húmedo, humedad, amortiguar

settling down - echar raíces, asentarse

diligent - diligente

leaned - apoyado; inclinarse

elbow - codo, codazo, panish: t-needed

cedar - cedro

precipitately - precipitadamente

Dorothea was in fact thinking that it was desirable for Celia to know of the momentous change in Mr. Casaubon's position since he had last been in the house: it did not seem fair to leave her in ignorance of what would necessarily affect her attitude towards him; but it was impossible not to shrink from telling her. Dorothea accused herself of some meanness in this timidity: it was always odious to her to have any small fears or contrivances about her actions, but at this moment she was seeking the highest aid possible that she might not dread the corrosiveness of Celia's pretty carnally minded prose.

desirable - deseable, conveniente

shrink - contraerse, encogerse, achicarse, mermar

accused - acusado; acusar, denunciar

timidity - timidez

contrivances - rtificios; aparato, artificio, artimana, estratagema, artefacto

seeking - buscando; buscar

corrosiveness - Corrosividad

carnally - Carnalmente

Her reverie was broken, and the difficulty of decision banished, by Celia's small and rather guttural voice speaking in its usual tone, of a remark aside or a "by the bye."

reverie - ensonación; ensueno

banished - desterrado; desterrar

"Is any one else coming to dine besides Mr. Casaubon?"

"Not that I know of."

"I hope there is some one else. Then I shall not hear him eat his soup so."

"What is there remarkable about his soup-eating?"

"Really, Dodo, can't you hear how he scrapes his spoon? And he always blinks before he speaks. I don't know whether Locke blinked, but I'm sure I am sorry for those who sat opposite to him if he did."

scrapes - raspaduras; raspar, aranarse, rasparse, abrasión, rasponazo

blinked - parpadeó; parpadear, guinar, destellar, titilar, parpadeo

"Celia," said Dorothea, with emphatic gravity, "pray don't make any more observations of that kind."

emphatic - enfático, rotundo, tajante

gravity - gravedad

observations - observaciones; observación, vigilancia; observancia, anotación

"Why not? They are quite true," returned Celia, who had her reasons for persevering, though she was beginning to be a little afraid.

"Many things are true which only the commonest minds observe."

"Then I think the commonest minds must be rather useful. I think it is a pity Mr. Casaubon's mother had not a commoner mind: she might have taught him better." Celia was inwardly frightened, and ready to run away, now she had hurled this light javelin.

hurled - lanzado; arrojar, lanzar, tirar, proyectar, volver

javelin - jabalina

Dorothea's feelings had gathered to an avalanche, and there could be no further preparation.

avalanche - alud, avalancha

preparation - preparación

"It is right to tell you, Celia, that I am engaged to marry Mr. Casaubon."

Perhaps Celia had never turned so pale before. The paper man she was making would have had his leg injured, but for her habitual care of whatever she held in her hands. She laid the fragile figure down at once, and sat perfectly still for a few moments. When she spoke there was a tear gathering.

fragile - frágil

"Oh, Dodo, I hope you will be happy." Her sisterly tenderness could not but surmount other feelings at this moment, and her fears were the fears of affection.

sisterly - hermana; sororal

tenderness - ternura

Dorothea was still hurt and agitated.

agitated - agitado; agitar, perturbar

"It is quite decided, then?" said Celia, in an awed under tone. "And uncle knows?"

awed - asombrado; pavor, temor, medrosía, asombro, asombrar, abrumar

"I have accepted Mr. Casaubon's offer. My uncle brought me the letter that contained it; he knew about it beforehand."

"I beg your pardon, if I have said anything to hurt you, Dodo," said Celia, with a slight sob. She never could have thought that she should feel as she did. There was something funereal in the whole affair, and Mr. Casaubon seemed to be the officiating clergyman, about whom it would be indecent to make remarks.

beg - pedir limosna; pedir

funereal - funerario, fúnebre, funeral

affair - negocio, asunto, rollo, amorío, aventura

officiating - oficiando; oficiar

"Never mind, Kitty, do not grieve. We should never admire the same people. I often offend in something of the same way; I am apt to speak too strongly of those who don't please me."

grieve - duelo; afligirse, acongojarse

offend - ofender

In spite of this magnanimity Dorothea was still smarting: perhaps as much from Celia's subdued astonishment as from her small criticisms. Of course all the world round Tipton would be out of sympathy with this marriage. Dorothea knew of no one who thought as she did about life and its best objects.

magnanimity - magnanimidad, generosidad

astonishment - asombro, estupefacción, sorpresa, extraneza

Nevertheless before the evening was at an end she was very happy. In an hour's tĂŞte-Ă -tĂŞte with Mr. Casaubon she talked to him with more freedom than she had ever felt before, even pouring out her joy at the thought of devoting herself to him, and of learning how she might best share and further all his great ends. Mr. Casaubon was touched with an unknown delight (what man would not have been?) at this childlike unrestrained ardor: he was not surprised (what lover would have been?

devoting - dedicación; dedicar

unrestrained - sin restricciones; descontrolado, sin tasa, desenfrenado, libre

that he should be the object of it.

"My dear young lady"Miss Brooke"Dorothea!" he said, pressing her hand between his hands, "this is a happiness greater than I had ever imagined to be in reserve for me. That I should ever meet with a mind and person so rich in the mingled graces which could render marriage desirable, was far indeed from my conception. You have all"nay, more than all"those qualities which I have ever regarded as the characteristic excellences of womanhood. The great charm of your sex is its capability of an ardent self-sacrificing affection, and herein we see its fitness to round and complete the existence of our own.

reserve - reserva, reservar

render - renderizar; dejar, volver

characteristic - característico, característica

excellences - excelencias; excelencia, prestancia

sacrificing - sacrificando; sacrificar, sacrificio

herein - aquí

existence - existencia

Hitherto I have known few pleasures save of the severer kind: my satisfactions have been those of the solitary student. I have been little disposed to gather flowers that would wither in my hand, but now I shall pluck them with eagerness, to place them in your bosom."

severer - más severo; severo, grave, austero

satisfactions - satisfacciones; satisfacción, satisfacción

solitary - solitario

wither - marchitar(se)

pluck - herir, desplumar, perseverancia

bosom - seno, pechera, busto

No speech could have been more thoroughly honest in its intention: the frigid rhetoric at the end was as sincere as the bark of a dog, or the cawing of an amorous rook. Would it not be rash to conclude that there was no passion behind those sonnets to Delia which strike us as the thin music of a mandolin?

thoroughly honest - absolutamente honesto

frigid - frígida; frígido, frío

rhetoric - Retórica

bark - corteza; ladrido

cawing - Gruidos; (caw); graznido, graznar

amorous - amoroso, carinoso, enamorado

rook - graja; grajo

sonnets - sonetos; soneto

mandolin - mandolina

Dorothea's faith supplied all that Mr. Casaubon's words seemed to leave unsaid: what believer sees a disturbing omission or infelicity? The text, whether of prophet or of poet, expands for whatever we can put into it, and even his bad grammar is sublime.

unsaid - Desdecir

believer - creyente

disturbing - inquietante; perturbar, molestar

infelicity - infelicidad

prophet - profeta, profetisa

Grammar - gramática

"I am very ignorant"you will quite wonder at my ignorance," said Dorothea. "I have so many thoughts that may be quite mistaken; and now I shall be able to tell them all to you, and ask you about them. But," she added, with rapid imagination of Mr. Casaubon's probable feeling, "I will not trouble you too much; only when you are inclined to listen to me.

rapid - rápido, rápido, rabión

You must often be weary with the pursuit of subjects in your own track. I shall gain enough if you will take me with you there."

weary - cansado, cansino, cansar

pursuit - persecución

"How should I be able now to persevere in any path without your companionship?" said Mr. Casaubon, kissing her candid brow, and feeling that heaven had vouchsafed him a blessing in every way suited to his peculiar wants. He was being unconsciously wrought upon by the charms of a nature which was entirely without hidden calculations either for immediate effects or for remoter ends. It was this which made Dorothea so childlike, and, according to some judges, so stupid, with all her reputed cleverness; as, for example, in the present case of throwing herself, metaphorically speaking, at Mr.

persevere - perseverar

candid - cándido; franco

blessing - bendición; (bless); bendición

unconsciously - inconscientemente

charms - encantos; encanto

calculations - cálculos; cálculo, cálculo, cómputo, conjetura

reputed - eputado; reputación

metaphorically - metafóricamente

Casaubon's feet, and kissing his unfashionable shoe-ties as if he were a Protestant Pope. She was not in the least teaching Mr. Casaubon to ask if he were good enough for her, but merely asking herself anxiously how she could be good enough for Mr. Casaubon. Before he left the next day it had been decided that the marriage should take place within six weeks. Why not? Mr. Casaubon's house was ready. It was not a parsonage, but a considerable mansion, with much land attached to it. The parsonage was inhabited by the curate, who did all the duty except preaching the morning sermon.

pope - Papa

anxiously - ansioso; con inquietud, con ansiedad, ansiosamente

parsonage - párroco; casa parroquial, casa del cura, casa rectoral, rectoría

considerable - considerable

mansion - mansión, casoplón

inhabited - habitado; habitar, morar, vivir

preaching - Predicando; (preach); predicar

sermon - sermón


My lady's tongue is like the meadow blades,

meadow - pradera; prado, vega

blades - cuchillas; cuchilla, hoja, cuchillo (said of a dagger), espada

That cut you stroking them with idle hand.

idle - ocioso; parado, inactivo

Nice cutting is her function: she divides

With spiritual edge the millet-seed,

millet - mijo

And makes intangible savings.

intangible - intangible

Savings - ahorro, ahorros, economías

As Mr. Casaubon's carriage was passing out of the gateway, it arrested the entrance of a pony phaeton driven by a lady with a servant seated behind. It was doubtful whether the recognition had been mutual, for Mr. Casaubon was looking absently before him; but the lady was quick-eyed, and threw a nod and a "How do you do?

gateway - puerta de enlace; portal, checkpuerta, checkverja, checkpórtico

pony - poni, póney

phaeton - Faetón

doubtful - dudoso

absently - istraídamente; Ausentemente

in the nick of time. In spite of her shabby bonnet and very old Indian shawl, it was plain that the lodge-keeper regarded her as an important personage, from the low curtsy which was dropped on the entrance of the small phaeton.

shabby - desalinado; raído, astroso, zarrapastroso, cutre, harapiento

Lodge - cabana, barraca, caseta, logia, madriguera, panish: t-needed

keeper - guardián, guardiana, custodio

personage - personaje

curtsy - una reverencia; reverencia

"Well, Mrs. Fitchett, how are your fowls laying now?" said the high-colored, dark-eyed lady, with the clearest chiselled utterance.

fowls - gallinas; ave de corral

chiselled - incelado; cincel

"Pretty well for laying, madam, but they've ta'en to eating their eggs: I've no peace o'mind with 'em at all."

madam - senora; senora, cabrona

ta - gracias

"Oh, the cannibals! Better sell them cheap at once. What will you sell them a couple? One can't eat fowls of a bad character at a high price."

cannibals - caníbales; caníbal

"Well, madam, half-a-crown: I couldn't let 'em go, not under."

crown - corona

"Half-a-crown, these times! Come now"for the Rector's chicken-broth on a Sunday. He has consumed all ours that I can spare. You are half paid with the sermon, Mrs. Fitchett, remember that. Take a pair of tumbler-pigeons for them"little beauties. You must come and see them. You have no tumblers among your pigeons."

Come now - venir ahora

broth - caldo

pigeons - palomas; paloma

tumblers - vasos; seguro, vaso de lados rectos, tumbler, volatinero

"Well, madam, Master Fitchett shall go and see 'em after work. He's very hot on new sorts; to oblige you."

oblige - obligar

"Oblige me! It will be the best bargain he ever made. A pair of church pigeons for a couple of wicked Spanish fowls that eat their own eggs! Don't you and Fitchett boast too much, that is all!"

bargain - trato, ganga, bicoca, chollo, regatear

boast - presumir; vanagloriarse, jactarse de, fanfarronear

The phaeton was driven onwards with the last words, leaving Mrs. Fitchett laughing and shaking her head slowly, with an interjectional "Surely, surely!""from which it might be inferred that she would have found the country-side somewhat duller if the Rector's lady had been less free-spoken and less of a skinflint. Indeed, both the farmers and laborers in the parishes of Freshitt and Tipton would have felt a sad lack of conversation but for the stories about what Mrs. Cadwallader said and did: a lady of immeasurably high birth, descended, as it were, from unknown earls, dim as the crowd of heroic shades"who pleaded poverty, pared down prices, and cut jokes in the most companionable manner, though with a turn of tongue that let you know who she was.

onwards - en adelante; hacia adelante, para adelante

interjectional - interyectiva

inferred - se deduce; inferir, argüir, checkinferir

duller - más aburrido; romo, desafilado, embotado, aburrido, soso

farmers - agricultores; granjero, granjera

descended - descendió; descender, bajar

earls - condes; conde

heroic - heroico

shades - sombras; alosa, sábalo

pleaded - suplicado; rogar

pared - pared; pelar, mondar

most companionable - la más companera

Such a lady gave a neighborliness to both rank and religion, and mitigated the bitterness of uncommuted tithe. A much more exemplary character with an infusion of sour dignity would not have furthered their comprehension of the Thirty-nine Articles, and would have been less socially uniting.

neighborliness - Proximidad

mitigated - mitigado; mitigar

uncommuted - No conmutada

tithe - diezmo

more exemplary - más ejemplar

infusion - infusión

sour - agrio, ácido, acedo, acidez

comprehension - comprensión, entendimiento

socially - socialmente

Mr. Brooke, seeing Mrs. Cadwallader's merits from a different point of view, winced a little when her name was announced in the library, where he was sitting alone.

merits - méritos; mérito, merecimiento, meritar

"I see you have had our Lowick Cicero here," she said, seating herself comfortably, throwing back her wraps, and showing a thin but well-built figure. "I suspect you and he are brewing some bad polities, else you would not be seeing so much of the lively man. I shall inform against you: remember you are both suspicious characters since you took Peel's side about the Catholic Bill.

Cicero - Cicerón

comfortably - cómodamente

throwing back - lanzar hacia atrás; frenar; apurar; devolver

wraps - envolturas; enrollar

suspect - barruntar, sospechar, sospechoso

brewing - cervando; elaboración de cerveza; (brew) cervando; elaboración de cerveza

polities - olíticas; régimen, estado

lively - animado

inform - informar

I shall tell everybody that you are going to put up for Middlemarch on the Whig side when old Pinkerton resigns, and that Casaubon is going to help you in an underhand manner: going to bribe the voters with pamphlets, and throw open the public-houses to distribute them. Come, confess!"

resigns - renuncia; dimitir

underhand - ..bajo mano; solapado, bajuno

bribe - soborno, coima, sobornar, cohechar, coimear

voters - votantes; votante

distribute - distribuir, repartir

"Nothing of the sort," said Mr. Brooke, smiling and rubbing his eye-glasses, but really blushing a little at the impeachment. "Casaubon and I don't talk politics much. He doesn't care much about the philanthropic side of things; punishments, and that kind of thing. He only cares about Church questions. That is not my line of action, you know."

impeachment - impugnación; impeachment, desafuero, destitución

talk politics - hablar de política

"Ra-a-ther too much, my friend. I have heard of your doings. Who was it that sold his bit of land to the Papists at Middlemarch? I believe you bought it on purpose. You are a perfect Guy Faux. See if you are not burnt in effigy this 5th of November coming. Humphrey would not come to quarrel with you about it, so I am come."

Papists - papistas; papista f

faux - imitación; falso

effigy - efigie

quarrel - discutir; pelea, rina

"Very good. I was prepared to be persecuted for not persecuting"not persecuting, you know."

Persecuted - perseguido; perseguir

persecuting - persiguiendo; perseguir

"There you go! That is a piece of clap-trap you have got ready for the hustings. Now, do not let them lure you to the hustings, my dear Mr. Brooke. A man always makes a fool of himself, speechifying: there's no excuse but being on the right side, so that you can ask a blessing on your humming and hawing. You will lose yourself, I forewarn you. You will make a Saturday pie of all parties'opinions, and be pelted by everybody."

clap - aplaudir

trap - trampa

got ready - Prepararse, arreglarse

hustings - Presentaciones

lure - enuelo; tentación, aliciente

fool - idiota; bobo, imbécil, necio, pendejo, bufón, loco

speechifying - Hablar

humming - Tarareando; (hum); tararear, canturrear

pie - tarta, empanada, pastel

pelted - pelado; tirar, lanzar

"That is what I expect, you know," said Mr. Brooke, not wishing to betray how little he enjoyed this prophetic sketch""what I expect as an independent man. As to the Whigs, a man who goes with the thinkers is not likely to be hooked on by any party. He may go with them up to a certain point"up to a certain point, you know. But that is what you ladies never understand."

betray - traicionar, entregar, vender, delatar, demostrar

prophetic - profético

sketch - boceto; bosquejar, esbozar, pergenar, esbozo, bosquejo

thinkers - pensadores; pensador, pensadora

hooked - enganchado; gancho, garfio, enganchar

"Where your certain point is? No. I should like to be told how a man can have any certain point when he belongs to no party"leading a roving life, and never letting his friends know his address. ˜Nobody knows where Brooke will be"there's no counting on Brooke'"that is what people say of you, to be quite frank.

frank - franco

Now, do turn respectable. How will you like going to Sessions with everybody looking shy on you, and you with a bad conscience and an empty pocket?"

Sessions - sesiones; sesión

"I don't pretend to argue with a lady on politics," said Mr. Brooke, with an air of smiling indifference, but feeling rather unpleasantly conscious that this attack of Mrs. Cadwallader's had opened the defensive campaign to which certain rash steps had exposed him. "Your sex are not thinkers, you know"varium et mutabile semper"that kind of thing. You don't know Virgil. I knew""Mr. Brooke reflected in time that he had not had the personal acquaintance of the Augustan poet""I was going to say, poor Stoddart, you know. That was what he said.

unpleasantly - desagradablemente

defensive - a la defensiva; panish: t-needed

exposed - Exposiciones

et - y; ET

Virgil - Virgilio

You ladies are always against an independent attitude"a man's caring for nothing but truth, and that sort of thing. And there is no part of the county where opinion is narrower than it is here"I don't mean to throw stones, you know, but somebody is wanted to take the independent line; and if I don't take it, who will?"

"Who? Why, any upstart who has got neither blood nor position. People of standing should consume their independent nonsense at home, not hawk it about. And you! who are going to marry your niece, as good as your daughter, to one of our best men. Sir James would be cruelly annoyed: it will be too hard on him if you turn round now and make yourself a Whig sign-board."

upstart - un advenedizo; advenedizo, advenediza, gloss

hawk - gavilán; halcón

cruelly - sangrientamente, cruelmente

turn round - dar la vuelta

Mr. Brooke again winced inwardly, for Dorothea's engagement had no sooner been decided, than he had thought of Mrs. Cadwallader's prospective taunts. It might have been easy for ignorant observers to say, "Quarrel with Mrs. Cadwallader;" but where is a country gentleman to go who quarrels with his oldest neighbors?

engagement - compromiso, conexión, atención, noviazgo

taunts - burlas; mofarse (de), reírse (de); insultar

quarrels - peleas; pelea, rina

Who could taste the fine flavor in the name of Brooke if it were delivered casually, like wine without a seal? Certainly a man can only be cosmopolitan up to a certain point.

flavor - sabor, gusto, saborizar, condimentar

casually - Casualmente

seal - sello

Cosmopolitan - panish: t-needed

"I hope Chettam and I shall always be good friends; but I am sorry to say there is no prospect of his marrying my niece," said Mr. Brooke, much relieved to see through the window that Celia was coming in.

relieved - aliviado; aliviar, relevar

"Why not?" said Mrs. Cadwallader, with a sharp note of surprise. "It is hardly a fortnight since you and I were talking about it."

fortnight - quince días; quincena

"My niece has chosen another suitor"has chosen him, you know. I have had nothing to do with it. I should have preferred Chettam; and I should have said Chettam was the man any girl would have chosen. But there is no accounting for these things. Your sex is capricious, you know."

capricious - aprichosa; caprichoso, antojadizo

"Why, whom do you mean to say that you are going to let her marry?" Mrs. Cadwallader's mind was rapidly surveying the possibilities of choice for Dorothea.

rapidly - rápidamente

But here Celia entered, blooming from a walk in the garden, and the greeting with her delivered Mr. Brooke from the necessity of answering immediately. He got up hastily, and saying, "By the way, I must speak to Wright about the horses," shuffled quickly out of the room.

shuffled - barajado; barajar, mezclar, barajear, arrastrar

"My dear child, what is this?"this about your sister's engagement?" said Mrs. Cadwallader.

"She is engaged to marry Mr. Casaubon," said Celia, resorting, as usual, to the simplest statement of fact, and enjoying this opportunity of speaking to the Rector's wife alone.

resorting - recurrir (a)

"This is frightful. How long has it been going on?"

frightful - aterrador; temible

"I only knew of it yesterday. They are to be married in six weeks."

"Well, my dear, I wish you joy of your brother-in-law."

"I am so sorry for Dorothea."

"Sorry! It is her doing, I suppose."

"Yes; she says Mr. Casaubon has a great soul."

"With all my heart."

"Oh, Mrs. Cadwallader, I don't think it can be nice to marry a man with a great soul."

"Well, my dear, take warning. You know the look of one now; when the next comes and wants to marry you, don't you accept him."

"I'm sure I never should."

"No; one such in a family is enough. So your sister never cared about Sir James Chettam? What would you have said to him for a brother-in-law?"

"I should have liked that very much. I am sure he would have been a good husband. Only," Celia added, with a slight blush (she sometimes seemed to blush as she breathed), "I don't think he would have suited Dorothea."

blush - sonrojo, rubor

"Not high-flown enough?"

"Dodo is very strict. She thinks so much about everything, and is so particular about what one says. Sir James never seemed to please her."

"She must have encouraged him, I am sure. That is not very creditable."

"Please don't be angry with Dodo; she does not see things. She thought so much about the cottages, and she was rude to Sir James sometimes; but he is so kind, he never noticed it."

"Well," said Mrs. Cadwallader, putting on her shawl, and rising, as if in haste, "I must go straight to Sir James and break this to him. He will have brought his mother back by this time, and I must call. Your uncle will never tell him. We are all disappointed, my dear. Young people should think of their families in marrying. I set a bad example"married a poor clergyman, and made myself a pitiable object among the De Bracys"obliged to get my coals by stratagem, and pray to heaven for my salad oil.

haste - prisa, premura

pitiable - lamentable; lastimero, lastimoso

obliged - obligado; obligar

stratagem - estratagema

salad oil - aceite para ensalada

However, Casaubon has money enough; I must do him that justice. As to his blood, I suppose the family quarterings are three cuttle-fish sable, and a commentator rampant. By the bye, before I go, my dear, I must speak to your Mrs. Carter about pastry. I want to send my young cook to learn of her. Poor people with four children, like us, you know, can't afford to keep a good cook. I have no doubt Mrs. Carter will oblige me. Sir James's cook is a perfect dragon."

cuttle - Costilla

sable - cebellina, marta cibelina, marta, sable

commentator - comentador, comentadora, comentarista

rampant - desbocada; desenfrenado, galopante

pastry - pastel, pastelería, panish: t-needed

Dragon - dragón

In less than an hour, Mrs. Cadwallader had circumvented Mrs. Carter and driven to Freshitt Hall, which was not far from her own parsonage, her husband being resident in Freshitt and keeping a curate in Tipton.

circumvented - ludido; evitar, eludir, rodear, bordear, circunvalar

resident - residente, habitante, munícipe

Sir James Chettam had returned from the short journey which had kept him absent for a couple of days, and had changed his dress, intending to ride over to Tipton Grange. His horse was standing at the door when Mrs.

Cadwallader drove up, and he immediately appeared there himself, whip in hand. Lady Chettam had not yet returned, but Mrs. Cadwallader's errand could not be despatched in the presence of grooms, so she asked to be taken into the conservatory close by, to look at the new plants; and on coming to a contemplative stand, she said"

whip - fusta, látigo, flagelo, panish: t-needed

despatched - despachar

grooms - novios; mozo de cuadra

conservatory - conservatorio; invernadero

contemplative - contemplativo

"I have a great shock for you; I hope you are not so far gone in love as you pretended to be."

shock - conmoción, golpe

It was of no use protesting against Mrs. Cadwallader's way of putting things. But Sir James's countenance changed a little. He felt a vague alarm.

"I do believe Brooke is going to expose himself after all. I accused him of meaning to stand for Middlemarch on the Liberal side, and he looked silly and never denied it"talked about the independent line, and the usual nonsense."

denied - negado; negar

"Is that all?" said Sir James, much relieved.

"Why," rejoined Mrs. Cadwallader, with a sharper note, "you don't mean to say that you would like him to turn public man in that way"making a sort of political Cheap Jack of himself?"

rejoined - Reincorporarse

Jack - Juanito, Jacobo, Santiago

"He might be dissuaded, I should think. He would not like the expense."

"That is what I told him. He is vulnerable to reason there"always a few grains of common-sense in an ounce of miserliness. Miserliness is a capital quality to run in families; it's the safe side for madness to dip on. And there must be a little crack in the Brooke family, else we should not see what we are to see."

vulnerable - vulnerable

ounce - una onza; onza

miserliness - avaricia, tacanería

madness - locura

dip - mojar

crack - rajarse, resquebrajarse

"What? Brooke standing for Middlemarch?"

standing for - significar; apoyar; soportar, estar con

"Worse than that. I really feel a little responsible. I always told you Miss Brooke would be such a fine match. I knew there was a great deal of nonsense in her"a flighty sort of Methodistical stuff. But these things wear out of girls. However, I am taken by surprise for once."

wear out - gastar(se), deteriorar, agotar

"What do you mean, Mrs. Cadwallader?" said Sir James. His fear lest Miss Brooke should have run away to join the Moravian Brethren, or some preposterous sect unknown to good society, was a little allayed by the knowledge that Mrs. Cadwallader always made the worst of things. "What has happened to Miss Brooke? Pray speak out."

Moravian - Moravia

brethren - hermanos

preposterous - absurdo, insensato, ridículo, prepóstero

sect - secta, culto

allayed - mitigado; aquietar, calmar, aliviar, mitigar

"Very well. She is engaged to be married." Mrs. Cadwallader paused a few moments, observing the deeply hurt expression in her friend's face, which he was trying to conceal by a nervous smile, while he whipped his boot; but she soon added, "Engaged to Casaubon."

whipped - batido; fusta, látigo, flagelo, panish: t-needed

Sir James let his whip fall and stooped to pick it up. Perhaps his face had never before gathered so much concentrated disgust as when he turned to Mrs. Cadwallader and repeated, "Casaubon?"

stooped - encorvado; inclinarse, agacharse

"Even so. You know my errand now."

"Good God! It is horrible! He is no better than a mummy!" (The point of view has to be allowed for, as that of a blooming and disappointed rival.)

mummy - mamá

rival - rival

"She says, he is a great soul."A great bladder for dried peas to rattle in!" said Mrs. Cadwallader.

bladder - la vejiga; vejiga, cubi, barrica plástica, bota

peas - Guisantes; (pea) Guisantes

rattle - sonajero; hacer sonar, hacer vibrar

"What business has an old bachelor like that to marry?" said Sir James. "He has one foot in the grave."

"He means to draw it out again, I suppose."

"Brooke ought not to allow it: he should insist on its being put off till she is of age. She would think better of it then. What is a guardian for?"

insist - insistir

"As if you could ever squeeze a resolution out of Brooke!"

squeeze - exprimir, apretar, apretujar, apuro, crisis, apretón

"Cadwallader might talk to him."

"Not he! Humphrey finds everybody charming. I never can get him to abuse Casaubon. He will even speak well of the bishop, though I tell him it is unnatural in a beneficed clergyman; what can one do with a husband who attends so little to the decencies? I hide it as well as I can by abusing everybody myself.

abuse - Abuso

unnatural - no es natural; antinatural, contranatural, contra natura

decencies - decencias; decencia

abusing - abusando; Abuso

Come, come, Cheer up! you are well rid of Miss Brooke, a girl who would have been requiring you to see the stars by daylight. Between ourselves, little Celia is worth two of her, and likely after all to be the better match. For this marriage to Casaubon is as good as going to a nunnery."

Cheer up - Animarse

nunnery - un convento; convento

"Oh, on my own account"it is for Miss Brooke's sake I think her friends should try to use their influence."

"Well, Humphrey doesn't know yet. But when I tell him, you may depend on it he will say, ˜Why not? Casaubon is a good fellow"and young"young enough.'These charitable people never know vinegar from wine till they have swallowed it and got the colic. However, if I were a man I should prefer Celia, especially when Dorothea was gone.

charitable - caritativo, benéfico

vinegar - vinagre

swallowed - tragado; tragar, engullir

colic - cólicos; cólico

The truth is, you have been courting one and have won the other. I can see that she admires you almost as much as a man expects to be admired. If it were any one but me who said so, you might think it exaggeration. Good-by!"

good-by - (good-by) bueno hasta; adiós

Sir James handed Mrs. Cadwallader to the phaeton, and then jumped on his horse. He was not going to renounce his ride because of his friend's unpleasant news"only to ride the faster in some other direction than that of Tipton Grange.

renounce - renunciar (a)

Now, why on earth should Mrs. Cadwallader have been at all busy about Miss Brooke's marriage; and why, when one match that she liked to think she had a hand in was frustrated, should she have straightway contrived the preliminaries of another? Was there any ingenious plot, any hide-and-seek course of action, which might be detected by a careful telescopic watch? Not at all: a telescope might have swept the parishes of Tipton and Freshitt, the whole area visited by Mrs. Cadwallader in her phaeton, without witnessing any interview that could excite suspicion, or any scene from which she did not return with the same unperturbed keenness of eye and the same high natural color. In fact, if that convenient vehicle had existed in the days of the Seven Sages, one of them would doubtless have remarked, that you can know little of women by following them about in their pony-phaetons. Even with a microscope directed on a water-drop we find ourselves making interpretations which turn out to be rather coarse; for whereas under a weak lens you may seem to see a creature exhibiting an active voracity into which other smaller creatures actively play as if they were so many animated tax-pennies, a stronger lens reveals to you certain tiniest hairlets which make vortices for these victims while the swallower waits passively at his receipt of custom. In this way, metaphorically speaking, a strong lens applied to Mrs. Cadwallader's match-making will show a play of minute causes producing what may be called thought and speech vortices to bring her the sort of food she needed. Her life was rurally simple, quite free from secrets either foul, dangerous, or otherwise important, and not consciously affected by the great affairs of the world.

frustrated - frustrado; frustrar

straightway - De inmediato

contrived - ingenioso; idear, improvisar

preliminaries - preliminares; preliminar

ingenious - ingenioso

telescopic - telescópico

telescope - telescopio

swept - barrido; barrer, peinar

witnessing - testimonio, testigo, prueba, testificar, probar, presenciar

unperturbed - Imperturbable

keenness - Ganas

sages - sabios; salvia

phaetons - Faetón

microscope - microscopio

coarse - grosero; tosco, rústico, rudo, bruto

lens - lente, cristalino

exhibiting - exhibir, exponer, prueba documental, prueba instrumental

voracity - voracidad

actively - activamente, enérgicamente

animated - animado, animar

reveals - revelar, propalar

hairlets - Cabellos

vortices - Vórtices

swallower - Golondrina

passively - pasivamente

rurally - Ruralmente

foul - falta; asqueroso, fétido

otherwise - o no; de otro

All the more did the affairs of the great world interest her, when communicated in the letters of high-born relations: the way in which fascinating younger sons had gone to the dogs by marrying their mistresses; the fine old-blooded idiocy of young Lord Tapir, and the furious gouty humors of old Lord Megatherium; the exact crossing of genealogies which had brought a coronet into a new branch and widened the relations of scandal,"these were topics of which she retained details with the utmost accuracy, and reproduced them in an excellent pickle of epigrams, which she herself enjoyed the more because she believed as unquestionably in birth and no-birth as she did in game and vermin. She would never have disowned any one on the ground of poverty: a De Bracy reduced to take his dinner in a basin would have seemed to her an example of pathos worth exaggerating, and I fear his aristocratic vices would not have horrified her. But her feeling towards the vulgar rich was a sort of religious hatred: they had probably made all their money out of high retail prices, and Mrs. Cadwallader detested high prices for everything that was not paid in kind at the Rectory: such people were no part of God's design in making the world; and their accent was an affliction to the ears. A town where such monsters abounded was hardly more than a sort of low comedy, which could not be taken account of in a well-bred scheme of the universe. Let any lady who is inclined to be hard on Mrs. Cadwallader inquire into the comprehensiveness of her own beautiful views, and be quite sure that they afford accommodation for all the lives which have the honor to coexist with hers.

mistresses - amantes; duena, maestra, querida, amante, barragana, manceba

idiocy - idiotez

Lord - senor; castellano, senor

tapir - tapir, anta

furious - furioso

gouty - gota

humors - humores; humor

Megatherium - Megaterio

genealogies - genalogías; genealogía

Scandal - escándalo

accuracy - exactitud, precisión, tino

reproduced - reproducido; reproducir, proliferar, reproducirse, procrear

pickle - pepinillo; encurtido

epigrams - epigramas; epigrama

vermin - bichos; alimana, bicho, gentuza, sabandija

disowned - desheredado; renegar

basin - cuenca; pileta, lavabo, lavamanos, jofaina

exaggerating - exagerando; exagerar

vices - icios; torno de banco

horrified - horrorizado; horripilar

vulgar - vulgar, chabacano, ramplón

hatred - odio

retail - venta al por menor, venta al detalle, retail, minorista

detested - detestado; detestar

accent - acento, pronunciación

affliction - aflicción, tribulación, quebranto

monsters - monstruos; monstruo, fiera

abounded - bundaban; abundar, ser abundante

universe - universo

comprehensiveness - comprensibilidad

coexist - coexistir

With such a mind, active as phosphorus, biting everything that came near into the form that suited it, how could Mrs. Cadwallader feel that the Miss Brookes and their matrimonial prospects were alien to her? especially as it had been the habit of years for her to scold Mr. Brooke with the friendliest frankness, and let him know in confidence that she thought him a poor creature. From the first arrival of the young ladies in Tipton she had prearranged Dorothea's marriage with Sir James, and if it had taken place would have been quite sure that it was her doing: that it should not take place after she had preconceived it, caused her an irritation which every thinker will sympathize with.

phosphorus - fósforo

alien - desconocido, desconocida, advena, extranjero, extranjera

scold - reganar; reganar, retar, renir

frankness - franqueza

sympathize - simpatizar

She was the diplomatist of Tipton and Freshitt, and for anything to happen in spite of her was an offensive irregularity. As to freaks like this of Miss Brooke's, Mrs. Cadwallader had no patience with them, and now saw that her opinion of this girl had been infected with some of her husband's weak charitableness: those Methodistical whims, that air of being more religious than the rector and curate together, came from a deeper and more constitutional disease than she had been willing to believe.

diplomatist - diplomático

irregularity - irregularidad

freaks - fenómenos; fenómeno

patience - paciencia, solitario

infected - infectado; infectar, contagiar, alborotar

charitableness - Caridad

more religious - más religioso

constitutional - constitucional

"However," said Mrs. Cadwallader, first to herself and afterwards to her husband, "I throw her over: there was a chance, if she had married Sir James, of her becoming a sane, sensible woman. He would never have contradicted her, and when a woman is not contradicted, she has no motive for obstinacy in her absurdities. But now I wish her joy of her hair shirt."

contradicted - ontradicho; contradecir, contrariar

obstinacy - testarudez, porfía, terquedad, obstinación

absurdities - absurdos; absurdo, absurdidad

It followed that Mrs. Cadwallader must decide on another match for Sir James, and having made up her mind that it was to be the younger Miss Brooke, there could not have been a more skilful move towards the success of her plan than her hint to the baronet that he had made an impression on Celia's heart.

skilful - Hábil

hint - insinuación; pista, indicio, indirecta, buscapié, toque

For he was not one of those gentlemen who languish after the unattainable Sappho's apple that laughs from the topmost bough"the charms which

languish - atrofiar, marchitar, decaer, languidecer, sufrir, desperecer

Sappho - Safo

bough - rama

"Smile like the knot of cowslips on the cliff,

knot - nudo

cowslips - cowslips; aurícula, bellorita, clavelina, calta palustre

cliff - acantilado

Not to be come at by the willing hand."

He had no sonnets to write, and it could not strike him agreeably that he was not an object of preference to the woman whom he had preferred. Already the knowledge that Dorothea had chosen Mr. Casaubon had bruised his attachment and relaxed its hold. Although Sir James was a sportsman, he had some other feelings towards women than towards grouse and foxes, and did not regard his future wife in the light of prey, valuable chiefly for the excitements of the chase.

agreeably - de acuerdo; agradablemente

preference - Preferencia

bruised - herido; magullar, contusionar, mazar, machacar, macarse

sportsman - deportista

grouse - gurogallo; urogallo

foxes - zorros; zorro, zorra, raposo, traposa

prey - botín, presa

chase - persecución; perseguir

Neither was he so well acquainted with the habits of primitive races as to feel that an ideal combat for her, tomahawk in hand, so to speak, was necessary to the historical continuity of the marriage-tie. On the contrary, having the amiable vanity which knits us to those who are fond of us, and disinclines us to those who are indifferent, and also a good grateful nature, the mere idea that a woman had a kindness towards him spun little threads of tenderness from out his heart towards hers.

primitive - primitivo

combat - batalla, acción, combate, combatir

tomahawk - tomahawk

continuity - continuidad

knits - tejidos; hacer punto, tricotar, tejer, soldarse, construir

disinclines - Desinclinarse

indifferent - indiferente

kindness - amabilidad, bondad

spun - hilado; hacer girar

threads - hilos; hilo, hebra, hilaza, tema, argumento, hilazón, subproceso

Thus it happened, that after Sir James had ridden rather fast for half an hour in a direction away from Tipton Grange, he slackened his pace, and at last turned into a road which would lead him back by a shorter cut. Various feelings wrought in him the determination after all to go to the Grange to-day as if nothing new had happened. He could not help rejoicing that he had never made the offer and been rejected; mere friendly politeness required that he should call to see Dorothea about the cottages, and now happily Mrs. Cadwallader had prepared him to offer his congratulations, if necessary, without showing too much awkwardness.

slackened - flojado; aflojar

determination - determinación, decisión, resolución, ahínco

rejoicing - alegría; (rejoice); alegrarse, regocijarse

politeness - educación, cortesía

congratulations - felicidades; felicitación

awkwardness - incomodidad; torpeza

He really did not like it: giving up Dorothea was very painful to him; but there was something in the resolve to make this visit forthwith and conquer all show of feeling, which was a sort of file-biting and counter-irritant. And without his distinctly recognizing the impulse, there certainly was present in him the sense that Celia would be there, and that he should pay her more attention than he had done before.

forthwith - inmediatamente

conquer - conquistar, debelar

counter - Contador

distinctly - laramente; distintamente

impulse - impulso, capricho

We mortals, men and women, devour many a disappointment between breakfast and dinner-time; keep back the tears and look a little pale about the lips, and in answer to inquiries say, "Oh, nothing!" Pride helps us; and pride is not a bad thing when it only urges us to hide our own hurts"not to hurt others.

devour - devorar, jambar

inquiries - consultas; inquisición, indagatoria, pesquisa

urges - impulsos; impulso, impulsar, urgir, aguijonear, apresurar


"Piacer e popone

Vuol la sua stagione."

stagione - etapa

"Italian Proverb.

proverb - proverbio, refrán, paremia

Mr. Casaubon, as might be expected, spent a great deal of his time at the Grange in these weeks, and the hindrance which courtship occasioned to the progress of his great work"the Key to all Mythologies"naturally made him look forward the more eagerly to the happy termination of courtship. But he had deliberately incurred the hindrance, having made up his mind that it was now time for him to adorn his life with the graces of female companionship, to irradiate the gloom which fatigue was apt to hang over the intervals of studious labor with the play of female fancy, and to secure in this, his culminating age, the solace of female tendance for his declining years. Hence he determined to abandon himself to the stream of feeling, and perhaps was surprised to find what an exceedingly shallow rill it was.

hindrance - obstáculo, rémora, traba, impedimento

courtship - cortejo

Mythologies - mitologías; mitología

termination - terminación, final, fin

incurred - incurrido; incurrir

adorn - adornar, engalanar

irradiate - irradiar, radiar

gloom - pesimismo; penumbra, melancolía

fatigue - fatiga, fatigar, acosar

hang over - Resaca

intervals - intervalos; intervalo

secure - seguro, resguardado, confiable, aplomado

culminating - culminando; culminar

solace - consuelo, solaz, solazar, consolar

tendance - Tendencia

declining - declinando; declive, retroceso, decadencia

abandon - abandonar, dejar

exceedingly - excesivamente; extremadamente, sumamente, sobremanera, asaz

shallow - poco profundo, superficial, desinteresante, poco profundo (1

rill - arroyito

As in droughty regions baptism by immersion could only be performed symbolically, Mr. Casaubon found that sprinkling was the utmost approach to a plunge which his stream would afford him; and he concluded that the poets had much exaggerated the force of masculine passion. Nevertheless, he observed with pleasure that Miss Brooke showed an ardent submissive affection which promised to fulfil his most agreeable previsions of marriage. It had once or twice crossed his mind that possibly there was some deficiency in Dorothea to account for the moderation of his abandonment; but he was unable to discern the deficiency, or to figure to himself a woman who would have pleased him better; so that there was clearly no reason to fall back upon but the exaggerations of human tradition.

droughty - Sequía

baptism - bautismo, bautizo

immersion - inmersión, inmersión

symbolically - simbólicamente

sprinkling - Rociando; (sprinkle); salpicar, rociar, asperjar, espolvorear

approach - enfoque; acercarse, aproximarse

plunge - saltar; lanzarse, zambullirse, tirarse de cabeza

submissive - sumiso, sumiso, sumisa

fulfil - cumplir

previsions - previsión

deficiency - deficiencia, déficit, deficiencia, checkinsuficiencia

moderation - moderación

abandonment - abandono, desamparo, dejación, abandonamiento

discern - percibir, sensar, vislumbrar, discernir

exaggerations - exageraciones; exageración

"Could I not be preparing myself now to be more useful?" said Dorothea to him, one morning, early in the time of courtship; "could I not learn to read Latin and Greek aloud to you, as Milton's daughters did to their father, without understanding what they read?"

Latin - Latín

"I fear that would be wearisome to you," said Mr. Casaubon, smiling; "and, indeed, if I remember rightly, the young women you have mentioned regarded that exercise in unknown tongues as a ground for rebellion against the poet."

rightly - verdad

rebellion - rebelión, insurrección

"Yes; but in the first place they were very naughty girls, else they would have been proud to minister to such a father; and in the second place they might have studied privately and taught themselves to understand what they read, and then it would have been interesting. I hope you don't expect me to be naughty and stupid?"

naughty - pícaro; cachondo, travieso, maleducado, obsceno, picante

minister - ministro

"I expect you to be all that an exquisite young lady can be in every possible relation of life. Certainly it might be a great advantage if you were able to copy the Greek character, and to that end it were well to begin with a little reading."

Dorothea seized this as a precious permission.

seized - incautado; agarrar, apoderarse de, apresar, aferrar, tomar

precious - preciosos; precioso

She would not have asked Mr. Casaubon at once to teach her the languages, dreading of all things to be tiresome instead of helpful; but it was not entirely out of devotion to her future husband that she wished to know Latin and Greek. Those provinces of masculine knowledge seemed to her a standing-ground from which all truth could be seen more truly. As it was, she constantly doubted her own conclusions, because she felt her own ignorance: how could she be confident that one-roomed cottages were not for the glory of God, when men who knew the classics appeared to conciliate indifference to the cottages with zeal for the glory? Perhaps even Hebrew might be necessary"at least the alphabet and a few roots"in order to arrive at the core of things, and judge soundly on the social duties of the Christian. And she had not reached that point of renunciation at which she would have been satisfied with having a wise husband: she wished, poor child, to be wise herself. Miss Brooke was certainly very naive with all her alleged cleverness. Celia, whose mind had never been thought too powerful, saw the emptiness of other people's pretensions much more readily. To have in general but little feeling, seems to be the only security against feeling too much on any particular occasion.

dreading - temiendo; temer, pavor, temor

tiresome - cansino; fatigoso, cansador, agotador

provinces - provincias; provincia

Classics - clásicos; clásico, clásico

conciliate - apaciguar, conciliar

zeal - ahínco, fervor, celo, entusiasmo

alphabet - alfabeto, abecedario

roots - raíces; raíz

soundly - a fondo; profundo

emptiness - vacío

pretensions - Pretensión

However, Mr. Casaubon consented to listen and teach for an hour together, like a schoolmaster of little boys, or rather like a lover, to whom a mistress's elementary ignorance and difficulties have a touching fitness. Few scholars would have disliked teaching the alphabet under such circumstances.

Mistress - senora; duena, maestra, querida, amante, barragana, manceba, ama

elementary - elemental, primaria

scholars - estudiosos; erudito, especialista, estudioso, docto

circumstances - circunstancias; circunstancia

But Dorothea herself was a little shocked and discouraged at her own stupidity, and the answers she got to some timid questions about the value of the Greek accents gave her a painful suspicion that here indeed there might be secrets not capable of explanation to a woman's reason.

shocked - sorprendido; conmoción, golpe

discouraged - desanimado; descorazonar, acobardar, desalentar, persuadir

timid - tímido

accents - acentos; acento, pronunciación

capable - capaz

Mr. Brooke had no doubt on that point, and expressed himself with his usual strength upon it one day that he came into the library while the reading was going forward.

"Well, but now, Casaubon, such deep studies, classics, mathematics, that kind of thing, are too taxing for a woman"too taxing, you know."

"Dorothea is learning to read the characters simply," said Mr. Casaubon, evading the question. "She had the very considerate thought of saving my eyes."

evading - evasión; evadir, soslayar, dar esquinazo, burlar, checkeludir

considerate - considerado

"Ah, well, without understanding, you know"that may not be so bad. But there is a lightness about the feminine mind"a touch and go"music, the fine arts, that kind of thing"they should study those up to a certain point, women should; but in a light way, you know. A woman should be able to sit down and play you or sing you a good old English tune.

lightness - ligereza

tune - melodía, tonada, afinar, sintonizar

That is what I like; though I have heard most things"been at the opera in Vienna: Gluck, Mozart, everything of that sort. But I'm a conservative in music"it's not like ideas, you know. I stick to the good old tunes."

opera - ópera; (opus) ópera

Vienna - Viena

conservative - conservador, conservadora

tunes - sintonías; melodía, tonada, afinar, sintonizar

"Mr. Casaubon is not fond of the piano, and I am very glad he is not," said Dorothea, whose slight regard for domestic music and feminine fine art must be forgiven her, considering the small tinkling and smearing in which they chiefly consisted at that dark period. She smiled and looked up at her betrothed with grateful eyes. If he had always been asking her to play the "Last Rose of Summer," she would have required much resignation. "He says there is only an old harpsichord at Lowick, and it is covered with books.

forgiven - perdonado; perdonar, disculpar

smearing - untando; manchar, untar, embadurnar, aplicar

betrothed - comprometida, comprometido; (betroth); prometer (en matrimonio)

harpsichord - clavicordio; clavicémbalo

"Ah, there you are behind Celia, my dear. Celia, now, plays very prettily, and is always ready to play. However, since Casaubon does not like it, you are all right. But it's a pity you should not have little recreations of that sort, Casaubon: the bow always strung"that kind of thing, you know"will not do."

recreations - recreaciones; recreación

bow - arco; inclinar(se), hacer una reverencia

"I never could look on it in the light of a recreation to have my ears teased with measured noises," said Mr. Casaubon. "A tune much iterated has the ridiculous effect of making the words in my mind perform a sort of minuet to keep time"an effect hardly tolerable, I imagine, after boyhood.

recreation - recreación

teased - se burló; cardar, peinar, burlarse de, molestar, tomar el pelo

minuet - minueto, minué

tolerable - tolerable, soportable, checktolerable, checkaceptable

boyhood - ninez; ninez

As to the grander forms of music, worthy to accompany solemn celebrations, and even to serve as an educating influence according to the ancient conception, I say nothing, for with these we are not immediately concerned."

grander - más grande; magnífico, espléndido, imponente

concerned - preocupado; preocupación, referirse a, ataner, concernir, tocar

"No; but music of that sort I should enjoy," said Dorothea. "When we were coming home from Lausanne my uncle took us to hear the great organ at Freiberg, and it made me sob."

organ - órgano, publicación oficial

"That kind of thing is not healthy, my dear," said Mr. Brooke. "Casaubon, she will be in your hands now: you must teach my niece to take things more quietly, eh, Dorothea?"

He ended with a smile, not wishing to hurt his niece, but really thinking that it was perhaps better for her to be early married to so sober a fellow as Casaubon, since she would not hear of Chettam.

sober - sobrio, sereno, apagado

"It is wonderful, though," he said to himself as he shuffled out of the room""it is wonderful that she should have liked him. However, the match is good. I should have been travelling out of my brief to have hindered it, let Mrs. Cadwallader say what she will. He is pretty certain to be a bishop, is Casaubon. That was a very seasonable pamphlet of his on the Catholic Question:"a deanery at least. They owe him a deanery."

brief - breve, corto, conciso, sucinto, escueto, resumen, poner al tanto

hindered - bstaculizado; retrasar; impedir; dificultar, entorpecer

seasonable - Estacional

Deanery - Decanato

owe - deber, adeudar, estar en deuda

And here I must vindicate a claim to philosophical reflectiveness, by remarking that Mr.

vindicate - reivindicar; vindicar, defender, justificar, reclamar

philosophical - filosófica; filosófico

reflectiveness - reflexividad

remarking - recordando; observación, comentario

Brooke on this occasion little thought of the Radical speech which, at a later period, he was led to make on the incomes of the bishops. What elegant historian would neglect a striking opportunity for pointing out that his heroes did not foresee the history of the world, or even their own actions?"For example, that Henry of Navarre, when a Protestant baby, little thought of being a Catholic monarch; or that Alfred the Great, when he measured his laborious nights with burning candles, had no idea of future gentlemen measuring their idle days with watches. Here is a mine of truth, which, however vigorously it may be worked, is likely to outlast our coal.

incomes - ingresos, renta

bishops - obispos; obispo

elegant - elegante, chic

historian - historiador, historiadora

neglect - descuido; descuidar, negligir, desoír, hacer caso omiso

foresee - pronosticar, prever, antever

monarch - monarca

laborious - trabajoso; laborioso

candles - velas; vela, candela, cirio

vigorously - enérgicamente; vigorosamente

outlast - sobrevivir; durar más que

But of Mr. Brooke I make a further remark perhaps less warranted by precedent"namely, that if he had foreknown his speech, it might not have made any great difference. To think with pleasure of his niece's husband having a large ecclesiastical income was one thing"to make a Liberal speech was another thing; and it is a narrow mind which cannot look at a subject from various points of view.

warranted - está justificado; garantía, cédula, orden, garantizar

precedent - precedente

namely - específicamente, a saber, nombradamente

foreknown - conocido de antemano; prever, conocer de antemano


"Oh, rescue her! I am her brother now,

rescue - salvamento; rescatar, rescate

And you her father. Every gentle maid

Should have a guardian in each gentleman."

It was wonderful to Sir James Chettam how well he continued to like going to the Grange after he had once encountered the difficulty of seeing Dorothea for the first time in the light of a woman who was engaged to another man. Of course the forked lightning seemed to pass through him when he first approached her, and he remained conscious throughout the interview of hiding uneasiness; but, good as he was, it must be owned that his uneasiness was less than it would have been if he had thought his rival a brilliant and desirable match. He had no sense of being eclipsed by Mr.

encountered - encontrado; encontrar

lightning - un rayo; relámpago, rayo

uneasiness - inquietud; desazón

eclipsed - eclipsado; eclipse, eclipsar

Casaubon; he was only shocked that Dorothea was under a melancholy illusion, and his mortification lost some of its bitterness by being mingled with compassion.

compassion - compasión, conmiseración

Nevertheless, while Sir James said to himself that he had completely resigned her, since with the perversity of a Desdemona she had not affected a proposed match that was clearly suitable and according to nature; he could not yet be quite passive under the idea of her engagement to Mr. Casaubon. On the day when he first saw them together in the light of his present knowledge, it seemed to him that he had not taken the affair seriously enough. Brooke was really culpable; he ought to have hindered it. Who could speak to him? Something might be done perhaps even now, at least to defer the marriage.

resigned - renunció; dimitir

perversity - perversidad

passive - pasivo

culpable - culpable

On his way home he turned into the Rectory and asked for Mr. Cadwallader. Happily, the Rector was at home, and his visitor was shown into the study, where all the fishing tackle hung. But he himself was in a little room adjoining, at work with his turning apparatus, and he called to the baronet to join him there. The two were better friends than any other landholder and clergyman in the county"a significant fact which was in agreement with the amiable expression of their faces.

fishing tackle - equipo de pesca

adjoining - colindante; lindar

apparatus - aparato, equipo, aparataje

significant - significativo, importante

Mr. Cadwallader was a large man, with full lips and a sweet smile; very plain and rough in his exterior, but with that solid imperturbable ease and good-humor which is infectious, and like great grassy hills in the sunshine, quiets even an irritated egoism, and makes it rather ashamed of itself.

exterior - exterior, exterior

imperturbable - imperturbable

infectious - infeccioso, contagioso

grassy - hierba; herboso

irritated - irritado; irritar, enviscar

egoism - egoísmo

"Well, how are you?" he said, showing a hand not quite fit to be grasped. "Sorry I missed you before. Is there anything particular? You look vexed."

grasped - comprendido; agarrar, asir, comprender, asimiento, comprensión

vexed - molesto; molestar, irritar, disgustar, afligir, atormentar

Sir James's brow had a little crease in it, a little depression of the eyebrow, which he seemed purposely to exaggerate as he answered.

crease - arruga, pliegue, raya

depression - depresión, área de baja presión

eyebrow - ceja

purposely - intencionadamente, aposta, a propósito

exaggerate - exagerar

"It is only this conduct of Brooke's. I really think somebody should speak to him."

"What? meaning to stand?" said Mr. Cadwallader, going on with the arrangement of the reels which he had just been turning. "I hardly think he means it. But where's the harm, if he likes it? Any one who objects to Whiggery should be glad when the Whigs don't put up the strongest fellow. They won't overturn the Constitution with our friend Brooke's head for a battering ram."

reels - arretes; carrete, enrollar, titubear

overturn - derribar; volcar, derrocar, casar

constitution - constitución, constituciones

battering - golpeando; banar

ram - RAM, memoria RAM

"Oh, I don't mean that," said Sir James, who, after putting down his hat and throwing himself into a chair, had begun to nurse his leg and examine the sole of his boot with much bitterness. "I mean this marriage. I mean his letting that blooming young girl marry Casaubon."

sole - suela; planta

"What is the matter with Casaubon? I see no harm in him"if the girl likes him."

"She is too young to know what she likes. Her guardian ought to interfere. He ought not to allow the thing to be done in this headlong manner. I wonder a man like you, Cadwallader"a man with daughters, can look at the affair with indifference: and with such a heart as yours! Do think seriously about it."

headlong - de cabeza

"I am not joking; I am as serious as possible," said the Rector, with a provoking little inward laugh. "You are as bad as Elinor. She has been wanting me to go and lecture Brooke; and I have reminded her that her friends had a very poor opinion of the match she made when she married me."

provoking - provocando; provocar

"But look at Casaubon," said Sir James, indignantly. "He must be fifty, and I don't believe he could ever have been much more than the shadow of a man. Look at his legs!"

"confound you handsome young fellows! you think of having it all your own way in the world. You don't understand women. They don't admire you half so much as you admire yourselves. Elinor used to tell her sisters that she married me for my ugliness"it was so various and amusing that it had quite conquered her prudence."

confound you - confundir

fellows - companeros; tipo

ugliness - feo; fealdad, feúra

conquered - conquistado; conquistar, debelar

prudence - prudencia

"You! it was easy enough for a woman to love you. But this is no question of beauty. I don't like Casaubon." This was Sir James's strongest way of implying that he thought ill of a man's character.

implying - implicando; implicar, acarrear, conllevar, insinuar

"Why? what do you know against him?" said the Rector laying down his reels, and putting his thumbs into his armholes with an air of attention.

thumbs - pulgares; pulgar

armholes - sisas; sisa, sobaquera

Sir James paused. He did not usually find it easy to give his reasons: it seemed to him strange that people should not know them without being told, since he only felt what was reasonable. At last he said"

"Now, Cadwallader, has he got any heart?"

"Well, yes. I don't mean of the melting sort, but a sound kernel, that you may be sure of. He is very good to his poor relations: pensions several of the women, and is educating a young fellow at a good deal of expense. Casaubon acts up to his sense of justice. His mother's sister made a bad match"a Pole, I think"lost herself"at any rate was disowned by her family. If it had not been for that, Casaubon would not have had so much money by half. I believe he went himself to find out his cousins, and see what he could do for them. Every man would not ring so well as that, if you tried his metal. You would, Chettam; but not every man.

melting - fundiendo; fusión, fundición, derretimiento

kernel - núcleo, almendra, grano, hueso, granelo

pensions - pensiones; pensión, pensionar

pole - pértiga; polo

"I don't know," said Sir James, coloring. "I am not so sure of myself." He paused a moment, and then added, "That was a right thing for Casaubon to do. But a man may wish to do what is right, and yet be a sort of parchment code. A woman may not be happy with him. And I think when a girl is so young as Miss Brooke is, her friends ought to interfere a little to hinder her from doing anything foolish. You laugh, because you fancy I have some feeling on my own account. But upon my honor, it is not that.

parchment - pergamino

foolish - tonto, necio, imprudente

I should feel just the same if I were Miss Brooke's brother or uncle."

"Well, but what should you do?"

"I should say that the marriage must not be decided on until she was of age. And depend upon it, in that case, it would never come off. I wish you saw it as I do"I wish you would talk to Brooke about it."

Sir James rose as he was finishing his sentence, for he saw Mrs. Cadwallader entering from the study. She held by the hand her youngest girl, about five years old, who immediately ran to papa, and was made comfortable on his knee.

papa - papá

"I hear what you are talking about," said the wife. "But you will make no impression on Humphrey. As long as the fish rise to his bait, everybody is what he ought to be. Bless you, Casaubon has got a trout-stream, and does not care about fishing in it himself: could there be a better fellow?"

bless - bendecir

trout - trucha, truchear

"Well, there is something in that," said the Rector, with his quiet, inward laugh. "It is a very good quality in a man to have a trout-stream."

"But seriously," said Sir James, whose vexation had not yet spent itself, "don't you think the Rector might do some good by speaking?"

"Oh, I told you beforehand what he would say," answered Mrs. Cadwallader, lifting up her eyebrows. "I have done what I could: I wash my hands of the marriage."

eyebrows - cejas; ceja

"In the first place," said the Rector, looking rather grave, "it would be nonsensical to expect that I could convince Brooke, and make him act accordingly. Brooke is a very good fellow, but pulpy; he will run into any mould, but he won't keep shape."

accordingly - en consecuencia, por consiguiente, consecuentemente

pulpy - pulposo, folletinesco

"He might keep shape long enough to defer the marriage," said Sir James.

"But, my dear Chettam, why should I use my influence to Casaubon's disadvantage, unless I were much surer than I am that I should be acting for the advantage of Miss Brooke? I know no harm of Casaubon. I don't care about his Xisuthrus and Fee-fo-fum and the rest; but then he doesn't care about my fishing-tackle. As to the line he took on the Catholic Question, that was unexpected; but he has always been civil to me, and I don't see why I should spoil his sport. For anything I can tell, Miss Brooke may be happier with him than she would be with any other man.

fee - tasa; honorario, tarifa, cuota

tackle - atacar; equipo, aparejo, entrada, tacleada, placaje, afrontar

unexpected - inesperado, inopinado

civil - civil

spoil - expoliar, despojar, danar, arruinar, echar a perder

"Humphrey! I have no patience with you. You know you would rather dine under the hedge than with Casaubon alone. You have nothing to say to each other."

"What has that to do with Miss Brooke's marrying him? She does not do it for my amusement."

amusement - divertimiento, esparcimiento, diversión

"He has got no good red blood in his body," said Sir James.

"No. Somebody put a drop under a magnifying-glass and it was all semicolons and parentheses," said Mrs. Cadwallader.

magnifying-glass - (magnifying-glass) Lupa

semicolons - punto y coma

parentheses - paréntesis

"Why does he not bring out his book, instead of marrying," said Sir James, with a disgust which he held warranted by the sound feeling of an English layman.

layman - laico, lego, profano, aficionado

"Oh, he dreams footnotes, and they run away with all his brains. They say, when he was a little boy, he made an abstract of ˜Hop o'my Thumb,'and he has been making abstracts ever since. Ugh! And that is the man Humphrey goes on saying that a woman may be happy with."

Footnotes - pie de página; nota

hop - saltar a la pata coja

abstracts - resúmenes; resumen, extracto, abstracción, arte abstracto

Ugh - qué; puf, guácala

"Well, he is what Miss Brooke likes," said the Rector. "I don't profess to understand every young lady's taste."

profess - profesar

"But if she were your own daughter?" said Sir James.

"That would be a different affair. She is not my daughter, and I don't feel called upon to interfere. Casaubon is as good as most of us. He is a scholarly clergyman, and creditable to the cloth. Some Radical fellow speechifying at Middlemarch said Casaubon was the learned straw-chopping incumbent, and Freke was the brick-and-mortar incumbent, and I was the angling incumbent. And upon my word, I don't see that one is worse or better than the other." The Rector ended with his silent laugh.

scholarly - estudioso; erudito, universitario

chopping - Cortando; (chop) Cortando

incumbent - el titular; obligatorio, competente, titular

mortar - mortero, argamasa, almirez, pilón

angling - pescar con cana; pesca con cana; (angle); anglo

He always saw the joke of any satire against himself. His conscience was large and easy, like the rest of him: it did only what it could do without any trouble.

satire - sátira

Clearly, there would be no interference with Miss Brooke's marriage through Mr. Cadwallader; and Sir James felt with some sadness that she was to have perfect liberty of misjudgment. It was a sign of his good disposition that he did not slacken at all in his intention of carrying out Dorothea's design of the cottages. Doubtless this persistence was the best course for his own dignity: but pride only helps us to be generous; it never makes us so, any more than vanity makes us witty. She was now enough aware of Sir James's position with regard to her, to appreciate the rectitude of his perseverance in a landlord's duty, to which he had at first been urged by a lover's complaisance, and her pleasure in it was great enough to count for something even in her present happiness.

interference - interferencias; injerencia, interferencia, intromisión

felt with - sentirse con

sadness - tristeza, desgracia, infortunio

liberty - libertad

misjudgment - juicio erróneo

slacken - aflojar

persistence - persistencia, perseverancia

witty - panish: t-needed

rectitude - rectitud, derechura

perseverance - perseverancia

landlord - propietario; arrendador, casero

complaisance - Complacencia

Perhaps she gave to Sir James Chettam's cottages all the interest she could spare from Mr. Casaubon, or rather from the symphony of hopeful dreams, admiring trust, and passionate self devotion which that learned gentleman had set playing in her soul. Hence it happened that in the good baronet's succeeding visits, while he was beginning to pay small attentions to Celia, he found himself talking with more and more pleasure to Dorothea. She was perfectly unconstrained and without irritation towards him now, and he was gradually discovering the delight there is in frank kindness and companionship between a man and a woman who have no passion to hide or confess.

Symphony - sinfonía

hopeful - esperanzado, esperanzador

unconstrained - sin restricciones

gradually - gradualmente, poco a poco, paulatinamente


1st Gent. An ancient land in ancient oracles

oracles - oráculos; oráculo

Is called "law-thirsty": all the struggle there

Struggle - lucha, forcejeo, brega, luchar, esforzarse con denuedo

Was after order and a perfect rule.

Pray, where lie such lands now? . . .

2d Gent. Why, where they lay of old"in human souls.

Mr. Casaubon's behavior about settlements was highly satisfactory to Mr. Brooke, and the preliminaries of marriage rolled smoothly along, shortening the weeks of courtship. the betrothed bride must see her future home, and dictate any changes that she would like to have made there.

behavior - comportamiento, conducta, proceder

settlements - asentamientos; poblado, asentamiento, finiquito, acuerdo

satisfactory to - Satisfactorio para

smoothly - sin problemas; suavemente

the betrothed - el prometido

dictate - orden, ordenar, dictar

A woman dictates before marriage in order that she may have an appetite for submission afterwards. And certainly, the mistakes that we male and female mortals make when we have our own way might fairly raise some wonder that we are so fond of it.

dictates - orden, ordenar, dictar

appetite - apetito, deseo, ganas

On a gray but dry November morning Dorothea drove to Lowick in company with her uncle and Celia. Mr. Casaubon's home was the manor-house. Close by, visible from some parts of the garden, was the little church, with the old parsonage opposite. In the beginning of his career, Mr. Casaubon had only held the living, but the death of his brother had put him in possession of the manor also. It had a small park, with a fine old oak here and there, and an avenue of limes towards the southwest front, with a sunk fence between park and pleasure-ground, so that from the drawing-room windows the glance swept uninterruptedly along a slope of greensward till the limes ended in a level of corn and pastures, which often seemed to melt into a lake under the setting sun. This was the happy side of the house, for the south and east looked rather melancholy even under the brightest morning.

Manor - mansión; finca

oak - roble, encina, carrasca

avenue - avenida, vía, camino

southwest - sudoeste, suroeste

glance - mirada; ojear, echar un vistazo, mirar, pispear, vistazo

slope - pendiente, cuesta, desnivel, inclinación, ojo chueco, chuequito

corn - cereales (maíz, trigo, avena)

pastures - pastos; pasto, pradera, pastar

melt - material fundido, derretirse, fundirse

setting sun - Sol poniente; puesta del sol

The grounds here were more confined, the flower-beds showed no very careful tendance, and large clumps of trees, chiefly of sombre yews, had risen high, not ten yards from the windows. The building, of greenish stone, was in the old English style, not ugly, but small-windowed and melancholy-looking: the sort of house that must have children, many flowers, open windows, and little vistas of bright things, to make it seem a joyous home. In this latter end of autumn, with a sparse remnant of yellow leaves falling slowly athwart the dark evergreens in a stillness without sunshine, the house too had an air of autumnal decline, and Mr. Casaubon, when he presented himself, had no bloom that could be thrown into relief by that background.

confined - confinado; confinar, encorsetar, confín, raya

clumps - grumos; grumo, matorral, mechón, plop, amontonar, marchar

sombre - sombrío, grave

yews - tejos; tejo

greenish - verde; verdoso

sparse - escaso; disperso

remnant - remanente; resto, restante, reliquia, despojo

athwart - a través de; a través, de lado a lado

evergreens - perennes; perennifolio

autumnal - otonal; otonal, autumnal

decline - declive, retroceso, decadencia

"Oh dear!" Celia said to herself, "I am sure Freshitt Hall would have been pleasanter than this." She thought of the white freestone, the pillared portico, and the terrace full of flowers, Sir James smiling above them like a prince issuing from his enchantment in a rose-bush, with a handkerchief swiftly metamorphosed from the most delicately odorous petals"Sir James, who talked so agreeably, always about things which had common-sense in them, and not about learning!

pillared - con pilares; pilar

portico - pórtico

enchantment - encanto; encantamiento

bush - arbusto

handkerchief - panuelo; panuelo

Swiftly - rápido; rápidamente

metamorphosed - metamorfoseado; metamorfosear, metamorfar

delicately - con delicadeza; delicadamente

odorous - oloroso; odorífero

petals - pétalos; pétalo

Celia had those light young feminine tastes which grave and weatherworn gentlemen sometimes prefer in a wife; but happily Mr. Casaubon's bias had been different, for he would have had no chance with Celia.

weatherworn - Gastado por el tiempo

bias - prejuicios; inclinación, predisposición, parcialidad, prejuicio

Dorothea, on the contrary, found the house and grounds all that she could wish: the dark book-shelves in the long library, the carpets and curtains with colors subdued by time, the curious old maps and bird's-eye views on the walls of the corridor, with here and there an old vase below, had no oppression for her, and seemed more cheerful than the casts and pictures at the Grange, which her uncle had long ago brought home from his travels"they being probably among the ideas he had taken in at one time.

Curious - tienes curiosidad; curioso; extrano, raro

corridor - pasillo, corredor

vase - un jarrón; jarrón, florero, vasija

more cheerful - más alegre

casts - lances; moldear, elenco, castear, sondar, sondear, lanzar

To poor Dorothea these severe classical nudities and smirking Renaissance-Correggiosities were painfully inexplicable, staring into the midst of her Puritanic conceptions: she had never been taught how she could bring them into any sort of relevance with her life. But the owners of Lowick apparently had not been travellers, and Mr. Casaubon's studies of the past were not carried on by means of such aids.

nudities - desnudos; desnudez

smirking - sonriendo; sonrisita, mueca, sonrisa de suficiencia

Renaissance - renacimiento

painfully - dolorosamente

midst - en medio; centro

conceptions - concepciones; concepción

relevance - relevancia

owners - propietarios; propietario, dueno, poseedor

travellers - viajeros; viajero

Aids - SIDA; (aid); SIDA

Dorothea walked about the house with delightful emotion. Everything seemed hallowed to her: this was to be the home of her wifehood, and she looked up with eyes full of confidence to Mr. Casaubon when he drew her attention specially to some actual arrangement and asked her if she would like an alteration. All appeals to her taste she met gratefully, but saw nothing to alter. His efforts at exact courtesy and formal tenderness had no defect for her.

wifehood - Esposa

specially - especialmente

alteration - alteración, cambio, modificación

appeals - apelaciones; suplicar, rogar

courtesy - cortesía, de cortesía

defect - falla, tacha, defecto, desperfecto, desertar

She filled up all blanks with unmanifested perfections, interpreting him as she interpreted the works of Providence, and accounting for seeming discords by her own deafness to the higher harmonies. And there are many blanks left in the weeks of courtship which a loving faith fills with happy assurance.

unmanifested - No se manifiesta

perfections - perfecciones; perfección

interpreting - interpretando; explicar, exponer, interpretar

discords - discordias; discordia

deafness - sordera

harmonies - armonías; armonía, armonía

assurance - seguridad; certidumbre, confianza

"Now, my dear Dorothea, I wish you to favor me by pointing out which room you would like to have as your boudoir," said Mr. Casaubon, showing that his views of the womanly nature were sufficiently large to include that requirement.

womanly - femenino, mujeril, femenil, femíneo

requirement - exigencia, requisito

"It is very kind of you to think of that," said Dorothea, "but I assure you I would rather have all those matters decided for me. I shall be much happier to take everything as it is"just as you have been used to have it, or as you will yourself choose it to be. I have no motive for wishing anything else."

"Oh, Dodo," said Celia, "will you not have the bow-windowed room up-stairs?"

Mr. Casaubon led the way thither. The bow-window looked down the avenue of limes; the furniture was all of a faded blue, and there were miniatures of ladies and gentlemen with powdered hair hanging in a group. A piece of tapestry over a door also showed a blue-green world with a pale stag in it.

thither - por allí, hacia allá

faded - desvanecido; apagarse, debilitarse; destenir

miniatures - miniaturas; miniatura

stag - el ciervo; ciervo, potro, potra, potranca, rastrear

The chairs and tables were thin-legged and easy to upset. It was a room where one might fancy the ghost of a tight-laced lady revisiting the scene of her embroidery. A light bookcase contained duodecimo volumes of polite literature in calf, completing the furniture.

laced - con cordones; cordón

revisiting - revisitar; Volver a Visitar

bookcase - librería; estantería, librero, biblioteca

calf - ternero

"Yes," said Mr. Brooke, "this would be a pretty room with some new hangings, sofas, and that sort of thing. A little bare now."

hangings - Colgando

sofas - sofás; sofá, sillón

"No, uncle," said Dorothea, eagerly. "Pray do not speak of altering anything. There are so many other things in the world that want altering"I like to take these things as they are. And you like them as they are, don't you?" she added, looking at Mr. Casaubon. "Perhaps this was your mother's room when she was young."

altering - cambiar, modificar, alterar

"It was," he said, with his slow bend of the head.

"This is your mother," said Dorothea, who had turned to examine the group of miniatures. "It is like the tiny one you brought me; only, I should think, a better portrait. And this one opposite, who is this?"

"Her elder sister. They were, like you and your sister, the only two children of their parents, who hang above them, you see."

"The sister is pretty," said Celia, implying that she thought less favorably of Mr. Casaubon's mother. It was a new opening to Celia's imagination, that he came of a family who had all been young in their time"the ladies wearing necklaces.

favorably - favorablemente

"It is a peculiar face," said Dorothea, looking closely. "Those deep gray eyes rather near together"and the delicate irregular nose with a sort of ripple in it"and all the powdered curls hanging backward. Altogether it seems to me peculiar rather than pretty. There is not even a family likeness between her and your mother."

delicate - delicado, delicado (1, 2)

ripple - ondulación

family likeness - parecido familiar

"No. And they were not alike in their lot."

"You did not mention her to me," said Dorothea.

"My aunt made an unfortunate marriage. I never saw her."

unfortunate - desafortunado, desgraciado

Dorothea wondered a little, but felt that it would be indelicate just then to ask for any information which Mr. Casaubon did not proffer, and she turned to the window to admire the view. The sun had lately pierced the gray, and the avenue of limes cast shadows.

indelicate - Indelicado

proffer - oferta; ofrecer

pierced - perforado; atravesar, traspasar

"Shall we not walk in the garden now?" said Dorothea.

"And you would like to see the church, you know," said Mr. Brooke. "It is a droll little church. And the village. It all lies in a nut-shell. By the way, it will suit you, Dorothea; for the cottages are like a row of alms-houses"little gardens, gilly-flowers, that sort of thing."

droll - extranamente divertido

Row - hilera, fila

alms - limosna, caridad

"Yes, please," said Dorothea, looking at Mr. Casaubon, "I should like to see all that." She had got nothing from him more graphic about the Lowick cottages than that they were "not bad."

graphic - gráfico, crudo, gráficos

They were soon on a gravel walk which led chiefly between grassy borders and clumps of trees, this being the nearest way to the church, Mr. Casaubon said. At the little gate leading into the churchyard there was a pause while Mr. Casaubon went to the parsonage close by to fetch a key.

gravel walk - Paseo por gravilla

pause - receso, checkdescanso, pausar, interrumpir, suspender

fetch - ir por, ir a buscar, traer

Celia, who had been hanging a little in the rear, came up presently, when she saw that Mr. Casaubon was gone away, and said in her easy staccato, which always seemed to contradict the suspicion of any malicious intent"

rear - atrás; parte trasera

malicious - malicioso; maligno

intent - intención, intento, propósito, concentrado, entregado

"Do you know, Dorothea, I saw some one quite young coming up one of the walks."

"Is that astonishing, Celia?"

astonishing - asombroso; asombrar, sorprender, pasmar

"There may be a young gardener, you know"why not?" said Mr. Brooke. "I told Casaubon he should change his gardener."

gardener - jardinero, jardinera

"No, not a gardener," said Celia; "a gentleman with a sketch-book. He had light-brown curls. I only saw his back. But he was quite young."

"The curate's son, perhaps," said Mr. Brooke. "Ah, there is Casaubon again, and Tucker with him. He is going to introduce Tucker. You don't know Tucker yet."

Mr. Tucker was the middle-aged curate, one of the "inferior clergy," who are usually not wanting in sons. But after the introduction, the conversation did not lead to any question about his family, and the startling apparition of youthfulness was forgotten by every one but Celia. She inwardly declined to believe that the light-brown curls and slim figure could have any relationship to Mr. Tucker, who was just as old and musty-looking as she would have expected Mr.

inferior - inferior

startling - sorprendente, alarmante; (startle); sobresaltarse, alarmarse

apparition - aparición

youthfulness - juventud

declined - rechazado; declive, retroceso, decadencia

slim - flaco, delgado, adelgazarse, enflaquecer, enflaquecerse

musty - mohoso; rancio

Casaubon's curate to be; doubtless an excellent man who would go to heaven (for Celia wished not to be unprincipled), but the corners of his mouth were so unpleasant. Celia thought with some dismalness of the time she should have to spend as bridesmaid at Lowick, while the curate had probably no pretty little children whom she could like, irrespective of principle.

unprincipled - sin principios; sin escrúpulos, inescrupuloso, ímprobo

dismalness - Tristeza

bridesmaid - dama de honor

irrespective - independientemente; sin considerar

Mr. Tucker was invaluable in their walk; and perhaps Mr. Casaubon had not been without foresight on this head, the curate being able to answer all Dorothea's questions about the villagers and the other parishioners. Everybody, he assured her, was well off in Lowick: not a cottager in those double cottages at a low rent but kept a pig, and the strips of garden at the back were well tended. The small boys wore excellent corduroy, the girls went out as tidy servants, or did a little straw-plaiting at home: no looms here, no Dissent; and though the public disposition was rather towards laying by money than towards spirituality, there was not much vice.

invaluable - inestimable; invalorable

foresight - previsión, profecía, adivinación, clarividencia

villagers - aldeanos; aldeano, aldeana, lugareno

parishioners - eligreses; feligrés, parroquiano

assured - asegurado; (assure); asegurar

cottager - Campesino

strips - tiras; quitar, desprender; arrancar; despojar

corduroy - pana, corderoy

plaiting - Trenzado; (plait); pliegue

looms - elares; telar

dissent - discrepar, disentir, disenso, disentimiento, disconformidad

spirituality - espiritualidad

vice - vicio; torno de banco

The speckled fowls were so numerous that Mr. Brooke observed, "Your farmers leave some barley for the women to glean, I see. The poor folks here might have a fowl in their pot, as the good French king used to wish for all his people. The French eat a good many fowls"skinny fowls, you know."

numerous - numerosos; numeroso

barley - cebada

glean - espigar; recoger, recopilar

fowl - aves; ave de corral

skinny - delgada; delgado, o a more extreme degree, flaco

"I think it was a very cheap wish of his," said Dorothea, indignantly. "Are kings such monsters that a wish like that must be reckoned a royal virtue?"

reckoned - contó; considerar

"And if he wished them a skinny fowl," said Celia, "that would not be nice. But perhaps he wished them to have fat fowls."

"Yes, but the word has dropped out of the text, or perhaps was subauditum; that is, present in the king's mind, but not uttered," said Mr. Casaubon, smiling and bending his head towards Celia, who immediately dropped backward a little, because she could not bear Mr. Casaubon to blink at her.

uttered - ronunciado; absoluto, total

blink at - parpadear

Dorothea sank into silence on the way back to the house. She felt some disappointment, of which she was yet ashamed, that there was nothing for her to do in Lowick; and in the next few minutes her mind had glanced over the possibility, which she would have preferred, of finding that her home would be in a parish which had a larger share of the world's misery, so that she might have had more active duties in it.

misery - miseria, sinvivir, desgracia, desdicha, infortunio

Then, recurring to the future actually before her, she made a picture of more complete devotion to Mr. Casaubon's aims in which she would await new duties. Many such might reveal themselves to the higher knowledge gained by her in that companionship.

reveal - revelar, propalar

Gained - ganado; ganar, adquirir, obtener, conseguir

Mr. Tucker soon left them, having some clerical work which would not allow him to lunch at the Hall; and as they were re-entering the garden through the little gate, Mr. Casaubon said"

clerical - clerical

"You seem a little sad, Dorothea. I trust you are pleased with what you have seen."

"I am feeling something which is perhaps foolish and wrong," answered Dorothea, with her usual openness""almost wishing that the people wanted more to be done for them here. I have known so few ways of making my life good for anything. Of course, my notions of usefulness must be narrow. I must learn new ways of helping people."

openness - apertura; abierto

usefulness - utilidad

"Doubtless," said Mr. Casaubon. "Each position has its corresponding duties. Yours, I trust, as the mistress of Lowick, will not leave any yearning unfulfilled."

corresponding - corresponder, equivaler, corresponderse, cartearse

unfulfilled - insatisfecho

"Indeed, I believe that," said Dorothea, earnestly. "Do not suppose that I am sad."

"That is well. But, if you are not tired, we will take another way to the house than that by which we came."

Dorothea was not at all tired, and a little circuit was made towards a fine yew-tree, the chief hereditary glory of the grounds on this side of the house. As they approached it, a figure, conspicuous on a dark background of evergreens, was seated on a bench, sketching the old tree. Mr. Brooke, who was walking in front with Celia, turned his head, and said"

circuit - circuito

yew - tejo

chief - jefe, principal

conspicuous - conspicuo, llamativo, ilustre, notorio

sketching - bocetos; bosquejar, esbozar, pergenar, esbozo, bosquejo

"Who is that youngster, Casaubon?"

youngster - jovenzuelo

They had come very near when Mr. Casaubon answered"

"That is a young relative of mine, a second cousin: the grandson, in fact," he added, looking at Dorothea, "of the lady whose portrait you have been noticing, my aunt Julia."

grandson - nieto

The young man had laid down his sketch-book and risen. His bushy light-brown curls, as well as his youthfulness, identified him at once with Celia's apparition.

bushy - tupido, poblado

"Dorothea, let me introduce to you my cousin, Mr. Ladislaw. Will, this is Miss Brooke."

"You are an artist, I see," said Mr. Brooke, taking up the sketch-book and turning it over in his unceremonious fashion.

"No, I only sketch a little. There is nothing fit to be seen there," said young Ladislaw, coloring, perhaps with temper rather than modesty.

modesty - modestia, pudor

"Oh, come, this is a nice bit, now. I did a little in this way myself at one time, you know. Look here, now; this is what I call a nice thing, done with what we used to call brio." Mr. Brooke held out towards the two girls a large colored sketch of stony ground and trees, with a pool.

"I am no judge of these things," said Dorothea, not coldly, but with an eager deprecation of the appeal to her. "You know, uncle, I never see the beauty of those pictures which you say are so much praised. They are a language I do not understand. I suppose there is some relation between pictures and nature which I am too ignorant to feel"just as you see what a Greek sentence stands for which means nothing to me." Dorothea looked up at Mr.

Praised - elogiado; alabanza, loa, enaltecimiento, elogio, adoración

Casaubon, who bowed his head towards her, while Mr. Brooke said, smiling nonchalantly"

"Bless me, now, how different people are! But you had a bad style of teaching, you know"else this is just the thing for girls"sketching, fine art and so on. But you took to drawing plans; you don't understand morbidezza, and that kind of thing. You will come to my house, I hope, and I will show you what I did in this way," he continued, turning to young Ladislaw, who had to be recalled from his preoccupation in observing Dorothea. Ladislaw had made up his mind that she must be an unpleasant girl, since she was going to marry Casaubon, and what she said of her stupidity about pictures would have confirmed that opinion even if he had believed her. As it was, he took her words for a covert judgment, and was certain that she thought his sketch detestable. There was too much cleverness in her apology: she was laughing both at her uncle and himself. But what a voice! It was like the voice of a soul that had once lived in an Aeolian harp. This must be one of Nature's inconsistencies. There could be no sort of passion in a girl who would marry Casaubon. But he turned from her, and bowed his thanks for Mr.

recalled - recordado; recordar, evocar, retirada

covert - encubierto

detestable - panish: t-needed

apology - una disculpa; disculpa, excusa

Aeolian - eolia; eólico

harp - arpa, harpa

inconsistencies - incoherencias; inconsistencia

Brooke's invitation.

"We will turn over my Italian engravings together," continued that good-natured man. "I have no end of those things, that I have laid by for years. One gets rusty in this part of the country, you know. Not you, Casaubon; you stick to your studies; but my best ideas get undermost"out of use, you know. You clever young men must guard against indolence. I was too indolent, you know: else I might have been anywhere at one time."

engravings - grabados; grabado

good-natured - (good-natured) Buen carácter, buena gente

rusty - Oxidado

undermost - Más abajo

indolence - indolencia

indolent - indolente

"That is a seasonable admonition," said Mr. Casaubon; "but now we will pass on to the house, lest the young ladies should be tired of standing."

admonition - amonestación; admonición

When their backs were turned, young Ladislaw sat down to go on with his sketching, and as he did so his face broke into an expression of amusement which increased as he went on drawing, till at last he threw back his head and laughed aloud. Partly it was the reception of his own artistic production that tickled him; partly the notion of his grave cousin as the lover of that girl; and partly Mr.

artistic - artístico

tickled - cosquilla, hacer cosquillas, cosquillear

Brooke's definition of the place he might have held but for the impediment of indolence. Mr. Will Ladislaw's sense of the ludicrous lit up his features very agreeably: it was the pure enjoyment of comicality, and had no mixture of sneering and self-exaltation.

impediment - impedimento; estorbo

enjoyment - disfrutar; disfrute, gozo, regocijo, holganza

comicality - Cómico

sneering - con desprecio; (sneer) con desprecio

"What is your nephew going to do with himself, Casaubon?" said Mr. Brooke, as they went on.

nephew - sobrino

"My cousin, you mean"not my nephew."

"Yes, yes, cousin. But in the way of a career, you know."

"The answer to that question is painfully doubtful. On leaving Rugby he declined to go to an English university, where I would gladly have placed him, and chose what I must consider the anomalous course of studying at Heidelberg. And now he wants to go abroad again, without any special object, save the vague purpose of what he calls culture, preparation for he knows not what. He declines to choose a profession."

gladly - con gusto; de buena gana

anomalous - anómalo

go abroad - Ir al extranjero

declines - disminuye; declive, retroceso, decadencia

"He has no means but what you furnish, I suppose."

furnish - amoblar, amueblar, suministrar, proporcionar, dotar

"I have always given him and his friends reason to understand that I would furnish in moderation what was necessary for providing him with a scholarly education, and launching him respectably. I am therefore bound to fulfil the expectation so raised," said Mr. Casaubon, putting his conduct in the light of mere rectitude: a trait of delicacy which Dorothea noticed with admiration.

Launching - lanzamiento; botar, echar al mar

respectably - respetablemente, dignamente

delicacy - una delicia; fineza, delicadeza, fragilidad, exquisitez

"He has a thirst for travelling; perhaps he may turn out a Bruce or a Mungo Park," said Mr. Brooke. "I had a notion of that myself at one time."

thirst - sed, hambre, ambición, ansias, tener sed, desear

"No, he has no bent towards exploration, or the enlargement of our geognosis: that would be a special purpose which I could recognize with some approbation, though without felicitating him on a career which so often ends in premature and violent death. But so far is he from having any desire for a more accurate knowledge of the earth's surface, that he said he should prefer not to know the sources of the Nile, and that there should be some unknown regions preserved as hunting grounds for the poetic imagination.

exploration - exploración

enlargement - agrandamiento, ampliación

approbation - aprobación

premature - prematuro

earth's surface - superficie de la tierra

Nile - Nilo

preserved - conservado; mermelada, reserva, reserva natural, coto, terreno

poetic - poético

"Well, there is something in that, you know," said Mr. Brooke, who had certainly an impartial mind.

impartial - imparcial

"It is, I fear, nothing more than a part of his general inaccuracy and indisposition to thoroughness of all kinds, which would be a bad augury for him in any profession, civil or sacred, even were he so far submissive to ordinary rule as to choose one."

inaccuracy - inexactitud

indisposition - indisposición; achaque

augury - augurio, presagio, agüero

"Perhaps he has conscientious scruples founded on his own unfitness," said Dorothea, who was interesting herself in finding a favorable explanation. "Because the law and medicine should be very serious professions to undertake, should they not? People's lives and fortunes depend on them."

founded - Encontrado

undertake - emprender, acometer

fortunes - ortunas; fortuna

"Doubtless; but I fear that my young relative Will Ladislaw is chiefly determined in his aversion to these callings by a dislike to steady application, and to that kind of acquirement which is needful instrumentally, but is not charming or immediately inviting to self-indulgent taste. I have insisted to him on what Aristotle has stated with admirable brevity, that for the achievement of any work regarded as an end there must be a prior exercise of many energies or acquired facilities of a secondary order, demanding patience.

aversion - aversión

callings - Llamando

steady - estable; firme, liso, fijo

acquirement - adquisición

needful - Necesario

instrumentally - instrumentalmente

indulgent - indulgente

insisted - insistió; insistir

Aristotle - Aristóteles

admirable - admirable, loable

brevity - brevedad, concisión

Prior - previo, anterior

acquired - dquirido; obtener, adquirir

facilities - instalaciones; facilidad, instalación, material

I have pointed to my own manuscript volumes, which represent the toil of years preparatory to a work not yet accomplished. But in vain. To careful reasoning of this kind he replies by calling himself Pegasus, and every form of prescribed work ˜harness.'"

toil - esfuerzo, labrar, trabajar

vain - vanidoso, vano, vacuo

Pegasus - Pegaso

prescribed - prescrito; prescribir, recetar, ordenar

harness - arnés, arrear, aparejar, aprovechar

Celia laughed. She was surprised to find that Mr. Casaubon could say something quite amusing.

"Well, you know, he may turn out a Byron, a Chatterton, a Churchill"that sort of thing"there's no telling," said Mr. Brooke. "Shall you let him go to Italy, or wherever else he wants to go?"

Italy - Italia

wherever - dónde; adondequiera, doquier

"Yes; I have agreed to furnish him with moderate supplies for a year or so; he asks no more. I shall let him be tried by the test of freedom."

moderate - moderado, comedido, mediocre, moderar

"That is very kind of you," said Dorothea, looking up at Mr. Casaubon with delight. "It is noble. After all, people may really have in them some vocation which is not quite plain to themselves, may they not? They may seem idle and weak because they are growing. We should be very patient with each other, I think."

vocation - vocación, profesión

"I suppose it is being engaged to be married that has made you think patience good," said Celia, as soon as she and Dorothea were alone together, taking off their wrappings.

wrappings - Envolver

"You mean that I am very impatient, Celia."

impatient - impaciente

"Yes; when people don't do and say just what you like." Celia had become less afraid of "saying things" to Dorothea since this engagement: cleverness seemed to her more pitiable than ever.

more pitiable - más lamentable


"He had catched a great cold, had he had no other clothes to wear than the skin of a bear not yet killed.""FULLER.

catched - Atrapado

Young Ladislaw did not pay that visit to which Mr. Brooke had invited him, and only six days afterwards Mr. Casaubon mentioned that his young relative had started for the Continent, seeming by this cold vagueness to waive inquiry. Indeed, Will had declined to fix on any more precise destination than the entire area of Europe. Genius, he held, is necessarily intolerant of fetters: on the one hand it must have the utmost play for its spontaneity; on the other, it may confidently await those messages from the universe which summon it to its peculiar work, only placing itself in an attitude of receptivity towards all sublime chances. The attitudes of receptivity are various, and Will had sincerely tried many of them. He was not excessively fond of wine, but he had several times taken too much, simply as an experiment in that form of ecstasy; he had fasted till he was faint, and then supped on lobster; he had made himself ill with doses of opium. Nothing greatly original had resulted from these measures; and the effects of the opium had convinced him that there was an entire dissimilarity between his constitution and De Quincey's. The superadded circumstance which would evolve the genius had not yet come; the universe had not yet beckoned.

vagueness - igualdad; vaguedad

waive - renunciar (a), prescindir (de)

inquiry - investigación; inquisición, indagatoria, pesquisa

entire - entero

genius - genio, genia

intolerant - intolerante

spontaneity - espontaneidad

confidently - con confianza; confidentemente

summon - convocar

receptivity - receptividad

sincerely - sinceramente

excessively - excesivamente, demasiado, en demasía

ecstasy - éxtasis

faint - desmayarse; débil, tenue

supped - Qué pasa

Lobster - langosta, bogavante

doses - dosis

opium - opio, anfión

dissimilarity - desemejanza, disimilitud

evolve - progresar, evolucionar, desarrollar

beckoned - llamado; llamar con senas, atraer

Even Caesar's fortune at one time was but a grand presentiment. We know what a masquerade all development is, and what effective shapes may be disguised in helpless embryos. In fact, the world is full of hopeful analogies and handsome dubious eggs called possibilities. Will saw clearly enough the pitiable instances of long incubation producing no chick, and but for gratitude would have laughed at Casaubon, whose plodding application, rows of note-books, and small taper of learned theory exploring the tossed ruins of the world, seemed to enforce a moral entirely encouraging to Will's generous reliance on the intentions of the universe with regard to himself. He held that reliance to be a mark of genius; and certainly it is no mark to the contrary; genius consisting neither in self-conceit nor in humility, but in a power to make or do, not anything in general, but something in particular. Let him start for the Continent, then, without our pronouncing on his future. Among all forms of mistake, prophecy is the most gratuitous.

Caesar - César

masquerade - mascarada

disguised - disfrazado; disfraz, pantalla, tapadera, disfrazar

embryos - embriones; embrión

analogies - analogías; analogía

dubious - dudoso, aleatorio, ambiguo, turbio

instances - instancias; caso, ejemplo, ocasión, instancia

incubation - incubación

chick - chica; pollito

plodding - Pausado; (plod) Pausado

tossed - lanzado; tiro, lanzamiento, lanzar una moneda al aire

enforce - hacer cumplir; reforzar, intensificar, imponer (1)

moral - moral, moraleja

reliance - confianza, dependencia, dependiente

humility - humildad

prophecy - profecía

But at present this caution against a too hasty judgment interests me more in relation to Mr. Casaubon than to his young cousin. If to Dorothea Mr. Casaubon had been the mere occasion which had set alight the fine inflammable material of her youthful illusions, does it follow that he was fairly represented in the minds of those less impassioned personages who have hitherto delivered their judgments concerning him? I protest against any absolute conclusion, any prejudice derived from Mrs. Cadwallader's contempt for a neighboring clergyman's alleged greatness of soul, or Sir James Chettam's poor opinion of his rival's legs,"from Mr. Brooke's failure to elicit a companion's ideas, or from Celia's criticism of a middle-aged scholar's personal appearance. I am not sure that the greatest man of his age, if ever that solitary superlative existed, could escape these unfavorable reflections of himself in various small mirrors; and even Milton, looking for his portrait in a spoon, must submit to have the facial angle of a bumpkin. Moreover, if Mr. Casaubon, speaking for himself, has rather a chilling rhetoric, it is not therefore certain that there is no good work or fine feeling in him. Did not an immortal physicist and interpreter of hieroglyphs write detestable verses?

alight - se enciende; apearse de

inflammable - inflamable, combustible

impassioned - pasión

personages - personajes; personaje

absolute - absoluto, completo, pleno

prejudice - prejuicios; prejuicio, perjudicar, prejuiciar

derived - derivado; derivar

contempt - desprecio, desdén, desgracia, deshonra, vergüenza, desacato

elicit - obtener; provocar, suscitar, evocar, educir, sonsacar

superlative - superlativo, superlativo, supremo

reflections - reflexiones; reflexión, reflejo

submit - enviar; entregar; presentar; someterse; dar argumento

facial - facial

angle - ángulo; anglo

bumpkin - patán; paleto, palurdo, montanero, montuno

Moreover - además, adicionalmente, otrosí

chilling - escalofriante; (chill) escalofriante

immortal - inmortal, inmortal

physicist - físico

interpreter - intérprete, trujamán, truchimán

hieroglyphs - jeroglíficos; jeroglífico

verses - versos; estrofa

Has the theory of the solar system been advanced by graceful manners and conversational tact? Suppose we turn from outside estimates of a man, to wonder, with keener interest, what is the report of his own consciousness about his doings or capacity: with what hindrances he is carrying on his daily labors; what fading of hopes, or what deeper fixity of self-delusion the years are marking off within him; and with what spirit he wrestles against universal pressure, which will one day be too heavy for him, and bring his heart to its final pause. Doubtless his lot is important in his own eyes; and the chief reason that we think he asks too large a place in our consideration must be our want of room for him, since we refer him to the Divine regard with perfect confidence; nay, it is even held sublime for our neighbor to expect the utmost there, however little he may have got from us. Mr. Casaubon, too, was the centre of his own world; if he was liable to think that others were providentially made for him, and especially to consider them in the light of their fitness for the author of a "Key to all Mythologies," this trait is not quite alien to us, and, like the other mendicant hopes of mortals, claims some of our pity.

graceful - gracia; grácil, gracioso

conversational - conversacional

tact - tacto, tiento, mano izquierda

capacity - capacidad

fading - Desvaneciéndose; (fad); moda, moda pasajera

fixity - fijación

delusion - engano, ilusión, delirio, idea delirante

wrestles - luchar

universal - universal

consideration - consideración

liable - responsable

Mendicant - mendicante, panish: t-needed

Certainly this affair of his marriage with Miss Brooke touched him more nearly than it did any one of the persons who have hitherto shown their disapproval of it, and in the present stage of things I feel more tenderly towards his experience of success than towards the disappointment of the amiable Sir James. For in truth, as the day fixed for his marriage came nearer, Mr. Casaubon did not find his spirits rising; nor did the contemplation of that matrimonial garden scene, where, as all experience showed, the path was to be bordered with flowers, prove persistently more enchanting to him than the accustomed vaults where he walked taper in hand.

disapproval - desaprobación

tenderly - con ternura; tiernamente

contemplation - contemplación

persistently - perseverantemente; persistentemente

enchanting - encantador; encantar

vaults - bóvedas; sótano; bodega

He did not confess to himself, still less could he have breathed to another, his surprise that though he had won a lovely and noble-hearted girl he had not won delight,"which he had also regarded as an object to be found by search. It is true that he knew all the classical passages implying the contrary; but knowing classical passages, we find, is a mode of motion, which explains why they leave so little extra force for their personal application.

motion - movimiento, moción

Poor Mr. Casaubon had imagined that his long studious bachelorhood had stored up for him a compound interest of enjoyment, and that large drafts on his affections would not fail to be honored; for we all of us, grave or light, get our thoughts entangled in metaphors, and act fatally on the strength of them. And now he was in danger of being saddened by the very conviction that his circumstances were unusually happy: there was nothing external by which he could account for a certain blankness of sensibility which came over him just when his expectant gladness should have been most lively, just when he exchanged the accustomed dulness of his Lowick library for his visits to the Grange. Here was a weary experience in which he was as utterly condemned to loneliness as in the despair which sometimes threatened him while toiling in the morass of authorship without seeming nearer to the goal.

compound interest - Interés compuesto

drafts - orradores; corriente, corriente de aire, trago

honored - honrado; honor, privilegio, honrar, ajustarse, acatar, respetar

entangled - enredados; enredar

metaphors - metáforas; metáfora

fatally - Fatalmente

saddened - apenar, entristecer, contristar

conviction - convicción

external - externa; externo

blankness - en blanco

sensibility - sensibilidad

expectant - esperando; expectante

gladness - alegría

dulness - Dulzura

utterly - Completamente

threatened - amenazado; amenazar

toiling - Trabajando; (toil); esfuerzo, labrar, trabajar

morass - arasmo; pantano

authorship - autoría

And his was that worst loneliness which would shrink from sympathy. He could not but wish that Dorothea should think him not less happy than the world would expect her successful suitor to be; and in relation to his authorship he leaned on her young trust and veneration, he liked to draw forth her fresh interest in listening, as a means of encouragement to himself: in talking to her he presented all his performance and intention with the reflected confidence of the pedagogue, and rid himself for the time of that chilling ideal audience which crowded his laborious uncreative hours with the vaporous pressure of Tartarean shades.

encouragement - aliento; apoyo

pedagogue - pedagogo, pedagoga

vaporous - vaporoso

shades - sombras; sombra, persiana, umbral, tono, matiz, sombrear

For to Dorothea, after that toy-box history of the world adapted to young ladies which had made the chief part of her education, Mr. Casaubon's talk about his great book was full of new vistas; and this sense of revelation, this surprise of a nearer introduction to Stoics and Alexandrians, as people who had ideas not totally unlike her own, kept in abeyance for the time her usual eagerness for a binding theory which could bring her own life and doctrine into strict connection with that amazing past, and give the remotest sources of knowledge some bearing on her actions. That more complete teaching would come"Mr. Casaubon would tell her all that: she was looking forward to higher initiation in ideas, as she was looking forward to marriage, and blending her dim conceptions of both. It would be a great mistake to suppose that Dorothea would have cared about any share in Mr. Casaubon's learning as mere accomplishment; for though opinion in the neighborhood of Freshitt and Tipton had pronounced her clever, that epithet would not have described her to circles in whose more precise vocabulary cleverness implies mere aptitude for knowing and doing, apart from character.

chief part - Parte principal

Stoics - estoicos; estoico, estoica

Alexandrians - Alejandrina

abeyance - en suspenso; expectativa, esperanza, suspenso, suspensión

binding - enlazando; vinculante, lomo, unión; (bind); atar, atar (tie)

doctrine - doctrina

blending - mezcla; (blend); mezcla, mezclar, combinar

epithet - epíteto, epíteto específico

vocabulary - vocabulario, léxico

implies - implicar, acarrear, conllevar, insinuar, dar a entender

aptitude - aptitud, capacidad, conveniencia

All her eagerness for acquirement lay within that full current of sympathetic motive in which her ideas and impulses were habitually swept along. She did not want to deck herself with knowledge"to wear it loose from the nerves and blood that fed her action; and if she had written a book she must have done it as Saint Theresa did, under the command of an authority that constrained her conscience. But something she yearned for by which her life might be filled with action at once rational and ardent; and since the time was gone by for guiding visions and spiritual directors, since prayer heightened yearning but not instruction, what lamp was there but knowledge? Surely learned men kept the only oil; and who more learned than Mr. Casaubon?

impulses - impulsos; impulso, capricho

habitually - habitualmente

deck - baraja

nerves - nervio, coraje, descaro, frescura, nervios

constrained - limitado; constrenir, limitar, restringir, obligar

rational - racional

visions - visiones; vista, visión

Thus in these brief weeks Dorothea's joyous grateful expectation was unbroken, and however her lover might occasionally be conscious of flatness, he could never refer it to any slackening of her affectionate interest.

unbroken - intacto

flatness - planeza; planicidad, planaridad, aburrición, matidez

slackening - aflojando; (slacken); aflojar

affectionate - Carinoso

The season was mild enough to encourage the project of extending the wedding journey as far as Rome, and Mr. Casaubon was anxious for this because he wished to inspect some manuscripts in the Vatican.

extending - extendiéndose; extender, ampliar

Rome - Roma

anxious - ansioso, inquieto, deseoso

inspect - inspeccionar, pasar revista

manuscripts - manuscritos; manuscrito, manuscrito

Vatican - Vaticano

"I still regret that your sister is not to accompany us," he said one morning, some time after it had been ascertained that Celia objected to go, and that Dorothea did not wish for her companionship. "You will have many lonely hours, Dorothea, for I shall be constrained to make the utmost use of my time during our stay in Rome, and I should feel more at liberty if you had a companion."

regret - lamentar, pena, pesar, arrepentimiento

The words "I should feel more at liberty" grated on Dorothea. For the first time in speaking to Mr. Casaubon she colored from annoyance.

grated - rallado; rejilla

"You must have misunderstood me very much," she said, "if you think I should not enter into the value of your time"if you think that I should not willingly give up whatever interfered with your using it to the best purpose."

misunderstood - malentendido; malentender

willingly - de buena gana

interfered - interferido; panish: t-needed

"That is very amiable in you, my dear Dorothea," said Mr. Casaubon, not in the least noticing that she was hurt; "but if you had a lady as your companion, I could put you both under the care of a cicerone, and we could thus achieve two purposes in the same space of time."

"I beg you will not refer to this again," said Dorothea, rather haughtily. But immediately she feared that she was wrong, and turning towards him she laid her hand on his, adding in a different tone, "Pray do not be anxious about me. I shall have so much to think of when I am alone. And Tantripp will be a sufficient companion, just to take care of me. I could not bear to have Celia: she would be miserable."

be anxious - estar ansioso

sufficient - suficiente

It was time to dress. There was to be a dinner-party that day, the last of the parties which were held at the Grange as proper preliminaries to the wedding, and Dorothea was glad of a reason for moving away at once on the sound of the bell, as if she needed more than her usual amount of preparation. She was ashamed of being irritated from some cause she could not define even to herself; for though she had no intention to be untruthful, her reply had not touched the real hurt within her.

untruthful - falsas; embustero, mentiroso

Mr. Casaubon's words had been quite reasonable, yet they had brought a vague instantaneous sense of aloofness on his part.

instantaneous - instantánea; instantáneo

aloofness - alejamiento; reserva, actitud distante g

"Surely I am in a strangely selfish weak state of mind," she said to herself. "How can I have a husband who is so much above me without knowing that he needs me less than I need him?"

Selfish - egoísta

Having convinced herself that Mr. Casaubon was altogether right, she recovered her equanimity, and was an agreeable image of serene dignity when she came into the drawing-room in her silver-gray dress"the simple lines of her dark-brown hair parted over her brow and coiled massively behind, in keeping with the entire absence from her manner and expression of all search after mere effect.

equanimity - equanimidad; ecuanimidad

serene - sereno

massively - masivamente

search after - buscar después

Sometimes when Dorothea was in company, there seemed to be as complete an air of repose about her as if she had been a picture of Santa Barbara looking out from her tower into the clear air; but these intervals of quietude made the energy of her speech and emotion the more remarked when some outward appeal had touched her.

repose - reposo

quietude - Silencio

Already, as Miss Brooke passed out of the dining-room, opportunity was found for some interjectional "asides."

dining - cenar; jaleo

asides - aparte, a un lado, aparte

"A fine woman, Miss Brooke! an uncommonly fine woman, by God!" said Mr. Standish, the old lawyer, who had been so long concerned with the landed gentry that he had become landed himself, and used that oath in a deep-mouthed manner as a sort of armorial bearings, stamping the speech of a man who held a good position.

oath - juramento, jurar

bearings - Rodamiento

Mr. Bulstrode, the banker, seemed to be addressed, but that gentleman disliked coarseness and profanity, and merely bowed. The remark was taken up by Mr. Chichely, a middle-aged bachelor and coursing celebrity, who had a complexion something like an Easter egg, a few hairs carefully arranged, and a carriage implying the consciousness of a distinguished appearance.

banker - banquero

coarseness - Grosura

profanity - blasfemias; profanidad, lenguaje soez

Easter egg - Huevo de Pascua

"Yes, but not my style of woman: I like a woman who lays herself out a little more to please us. There should be a little filigree about a woman"something of the coquette. A man likes a sort of challenge. The more of a dead set she makes at you the better."

filigree - filigrana, afiligranar

"There's some truth in that," said Mr. Standish, disposed to be genial. "And, by God, it's usually the way with them. I suppose it answers some wise ends: Providence made them so, eh, Bulstrode?"

genial - genial, amable, formidable, bueno, simpático

"I should be disposed to refer coquetry to another source," said Mr. Bulstrode. "I should rather refer it to the devil."

devil - demonio; diablo

"Ay, to be sure, there should be a little devil in a woman," said Mr. Chichely, whose study of the fair sex seemed to have been detrimental to his theology. "And I like them blond, with a certain gait, and a swan neck. Between ourselves, the mayor's daughter is more to my taste than Miss Brooke or Miss Celia either. If I were a marrying man I should choose Miss Vincy before either of them."

detrimental - perjudicial; danino

gait - caminar; andar

swan - cisne

mayor - alcalde, alcaldesa, intendente

"Well, make up, make up," said Mr. Standish, jocosely; "you see the middle-aged fellows carry the day."

jocosely - Jocosamente

Mr. Chichely shook his head with much meaning: he was not going to incur the certainty of being accepted by the woman he would choose.

certainty - seguridad; certeza

The Miss Vincy who had the honor of being Mr. Chichely's ideal was of course not present; for Mr. Brooke, always objecting to go too far, would not have chosen that his nieces should meet the daughter of a Middlemarch manufacturer, unless it were on a public occasion. The feminine part of the company included none whom Lady Chettam or Mrs. Cadwallader could object to; for Mrs. Renfrew, the colonel's widow, was not only unexceptionable in point of breeding, but also interesting on the ground of her complaint, which puzzled the doctors, and seemed clearly a case wherein the fulness of professional knowledge might need the supplement of quackery. Lady Chettam, who attributed her own remarkable health to home-made bitters united with constant medical attendance, entered with much exercise of the imagination into Mrs.

objecting to - oponerse a

manufacturer - fabricante

Colonel - coronel

widow - viuda, enviudar

unexceptionable - inaceptable

breeding - Cría; (breed); criar, procrear, aparearse, cultivar, engendrar

puzzled - rompecabezas, enigma, puzle, acertijo, intrigar, dejar perplejo

fulness - lenitud

supplement - suplemento, suplementario, complementar

quackery - harlatanería; curandería, curanderismo

home-made - (home-made) hecho en casa

bitters - amargos; amargo

attendance - asistencia, presencia

Renfrew's account of symptoms, and into the amazing futility in her case of all strengthening medicines.

futility - inutilidad; futilidad

strengthening - fortalecimiento; fortalecer, animar

"Where can all the strength of those medicines go, my dear?" said the mild but stately dowager, turning to Mrs. Cadwallader reflectively, when Mrs. Renfrew's attention was called away.

stately - enorial; majestuoso

Dowager - viuda, dama

reflectively - Reflexivamente

"It strengthens the disease," said the Rector's wife, much too well-born not to be an amateur in medicine. "Everything depends on the constitution: some people make fat, some blood, and some bile"that's my view of the matter; and whatever they take is a sort of grist to the mill."

strengthens - fortalecer, animar

amateur - amateur, aficionado, diletante, inadaptado

bile - bilis, hiel

grist - granos; grano (para molino), molienda

Mill - molinillo

"Then she ought to take medicines that would reduce"reduce the disease, you know, if you are right, my dear. And I think what you say is reasonable."

"Certainly it is reasonable. You have two sorts of potatoes, fed on the same soil. One of them grows more and more watery""

more watery - más acuoso

"Ah! like this poor Mrs. Renfrew"that is what I think. Dropsy! There is no swelling yet"it is inward. I should say she ought to take drying medicines, shouldn't you?"or a dry hot-air bath. Many things might be tried, of a drying nature."

Dropsy - dropsia; hidropesía

swelling - inflamación, hinchazón; (swell); inflamación, hinchazón

shouldn - Debería

"Let her try a certain person's pamphlets," said Mrs. Cadwallader in an undertone, seeing the gentlemen enter. "He does not want drying."

"Who, my dear?" said Lady Chettam, a charming woman, not so quick as to nullify the pleasure of explanation.

nullify - anular, derogar, abrogar, casar

"The bridegroom"Casaubon. He has certainly been drying up faster since the engagement: the flame of passion, I suppose."

bridegroom - novio

drying up - secarse, resecarse

"I should think he is far from having a good constitution," said Lady Chettam, with a still deeper undertone. "And then his studies"so very dry, as you say."

"Really, by the side of Sir James, he looks like a death's head skinned over for the occasion. Mark my words: in a year from this time that girl will hate him. She looks up to him as an oracle now, and by-and-by she will be at the other extreme. All flightiness!"

Oracle - oráculo

flightiness - Fugacidad

"How very shocking! I fear she is headstrong. But tell me"you know all about him"is there anything very bad? What is the truth?"

shocking - impresionante; conmoción, golpe

headstrong - testarudo; díscolo, desconsiderado

"The truth? he is as bad as the wrong physic"nasty to take, and sure to disagree."

physic - Física

nasty - asqueroso; sucio, menospreciable, obsceno, grosero, peligroso

"There could not be anything worse than that," said Lady Chettam, with so vivid a conception of the physic that she seemed to have learned something exact about Mr. Casaubon's disadvantages. "However, James will hear nothing against Miss Brooke. He says she is the mirror of women still."

vivid - vívida; vívido, vivo

"That is a generous make-believe of his. Depend upon it, he likes little Celia better, and she appreciates him. I hope you like my little Celia?"

make-believe - (make-believe) hacer creer

"Certainly; she is fonder of geraniums, and seems more docile, though not so fine a figure. But we were talking of physic. Tell me about this new young surgeon, Mr. Lydgate. I am told he is wonderfully clever: he certainly looks it"a fine brow indeed."

fonder - con más carino; carinoso, afectuoso

geraniums - geranios; geranio

more docile - más dócil

surgeon - cirujano, cirujana

wonderfully - maravillosamente, a las mil maravillas

"He is a gentleman. I heard him talking to Humphrey. He talks well."

"Yes. Mr. Brooke says he is one of the Lydgates of Northumberland, really well connected. One does not expect it in a practitioner of that kind. For my own part, I like a medical man more on a footing with the servants; they are often all the cleverer. I assure you I found poor Hicks's judgment unfailing; I never knew him wrong.

Hicks - Pueblerino

unfailing - infalible; indefectible, constante

He was coarse and butcher-like, but he knew my constitution. It was a loss to me his going off so suddenly. Dear me, what a very animated conversation Miss Brooke seems to be having with this Mr. Lydgate!"

butcher - carnicero; (butch) carnicero

"She is talking cottages and hospitals with him," said Mrs. Cadwallader, whose ears and power of interpretation were quick. "I believe he is a sort of philanthropist, so Brooke is sure to take him up."

interpretation - interpretación, apreciación

philanthropist - filántropo

"James," said Lady Chettam when her son came near, "bring Mr. Lydgate and introduce him to me. I want to test him."

The affable dowager declared herself delighted with this opportunity of making Mr. Lydgate's acquaintance, having heard of his success in treating fever on a new plan.

declared - declarado; explicar, aclarar, declarar

fever - fiebre, calentura

Mr. Lydgate had the medical accomplishment of looking perfectly grave whatever nonsense was talked to him, and his dark steady eyes gave him impressiveness as a listener. He was as little as possible like the lamented Hicks, especially in a certain careless refinement about his toilet and utterance. Yet Lady Chettam gathered much confidence in him.

lamented - lamentó; lamento, lamentación, lamentar

He confirmed her view of her own constitution as being peculiar, by admitting that all constitutions might be called peculiar, and he did not deny that hers might be more peculiar than others. He did not approve of a too lowering system, including reckless cupping, nor, on the other hand, of incessant port wine and bark. He said "I think so" with an air of so much deference accompanying the insight of agreement, that she formed the most cordial opinion of his talents.

constitutions - constitución, constituciones

deny - Negar

more peculiar - más peculiar

lowering - Bajando; (lower) Bajando

reckless - imprudente, temerario, desconsiderado

incessant - incesante

port wine - vino de Oporto

deference - deferencia

accompanying - acompanando; acompanar

most cordial - el más cordial

"I am quite pleased with your protege," she said to Mr. Brooke before going away.

protege - protegido

"My protege?"dear me!"who is that?" said Mr. Brooke.

"This young Lydgate, the new doctor. He seems to me to understand his profession admirably."

admirably - admirablemente

"Oh, Lydgate! he is not my protege, you know; only I knew an uncle of his who sent me a letter about him. However, I think he is likely to be first-rate"has studied in Paris, knew Broussais; has ideas, you know"wants to raise the profession."

first-rate - (first-rate) de primera clase

"Lydgate has lots of ideas, quite new, about ventilation and diet, that sort of thing," resumed Mr. Brooke, after he had handed out Lady Chettam, and had returned to be civil to a group of Middlemarchers.

ventilation - ventilación, discusión, intercambio

resumed - se reanuda; reanudar

"Hang it, do you think that is quite sound?"upsetting the old treatment, which has made Englishmen what they are?" said Mr. Standish.

"Medical knowledge is at a low ebb among us," said Mr. Bulstrode, who spoke in a subdued tone, and had rather a sickly air. "I, for my part, hail the advent of Mr. Lydgate. I hope to find good reason for confiding the new hospital to his management."

Ebb - reflujo, marea, marea baja, bajamar

sickly - enfermo; enfermizo, enclenque, calamitoso, enteco

hail - Granizo, granizar; llamar, saludar

advent - advenimiento, venida

confiding - confiar

"That is all very fine," replied Mr. Standish, who was not fond of Mr. Bulstrode; "if you like him to try experiments on your hospital patients, and kill a few people for charity I have no objection. But I am not going to hand money out of my purse to have experiments tried on me. I like treatment that has been tested a little."

objection - objeción, protesta

purse - bolsa, monedero, fruncir

tried on - Probado

"Well, you know, Standish, every dose you take is an experiment-an experiment, you know," said Mr. Brooke, nodding towards the lawyer.

dose - dosis

"Oh, if you talk in that sense!" said Mr. Standish, with as much disgust at such non-legal quibbling as a man can well betray towards a valuable client.

non - No

quibbling - discutiendo; sutileza, argucia, sutilizar, andar con sutilezas

"I should be glad of any treatment that would cure me without reducing me to a skeleton, like poor Grainger," said Mr. Vincy, the mayor, a florid man, who would have served for a study of flesh in striking contrast with the Franciscan tints of Mr. Bulstrode. "It's an uncommonly dangerous thing to be left without any padding against the shafts of disease, as somebody said,"and I think it a very good expression myself."

cure - curar, remediar

skeleton - esqueleto

florid - Florido

Franciscan - franciscano

tints - tintes; tinte, matiz

shafts - ejes; asta, astil, haz, rayo, vara, barra

Mr. Lydgate, of course, was out of hearing. He had quitted the party early, and would have thought it altogether tedious but for the novelty of certain introductions, especially the introduction to Miss Brooke, whose youthful bloom, with her approaching marriage to that faded scholar, and her interest in matters socially useful, gave her the piquancy of an unusual combination.

tedious - tedioso, prolijo

novelty - novedad

approaching - se acerca; acercarse, aproximarse

faded - desvanecido; moda, moda pasajera

"She is a good creature"that fine girl"but a little too earnest," he thought. "It is troublesome to talk to such women. They are always wanting reasons, yet they are too ignorant to understand the merits of any question, and usually fall back on their moral sense to settle things after their own taste."

troublesome - problemático, prolijo

settle - nos conformamos; instalar, colocar

Evidently Miss Brooke was not Mr. Lydgate's style of woman any more than Mr. Chichely's.

evidently - evidentemente

Considered, indeed, in relation to the latter, whose mind was matured, she was altogether a mistake, and calculated to shock his trust in final causes, including the adaptation of fine young women to purplefaced bachelors. But Lydgate was less ripe, and might possibly have experience before him which would modify his opinion as to the most excellent things in woman.

matured - madurado; maduro

adaptation - adaptación

purplefaced - Cara morada

ripe - maduro

most excellent - el más excelente

Miss Brooke, however, was not again seen by either of these gentlemen under her maiden name. Not long after that dinner-party she had become Mrs. Casaubon, and was on her way to Rome.

maiden name - apellido de soltera


But deeds and language such as men do use,

And persons such as comedy would choose,

When she would show an image of the times,

And sport with human follies, not with crimes.

follies - locuras; capricho


Lydgate, in fact, was already conscious of being fascinated by a woman strikingly different from Miss Brooke: he did not in the least suppose that he had lost his balance and fallen in love, but he had said of that particular woman, "She is grace itself; she is perfectly lovely and accomplished. That is what a woman ought to be: she ought to produce the effect of exquisite music." Plain women he regarded as he did the other severe facts of life, to be faced with philosophy and investigated by science. But Rosamond Vincy seemed to have the true melodic charm; and when a man has seen the woman whom he would have chosen if he had intended to marry speedily, his remaining a bachelor will usually depend on her resolution rather than on his. Lydgate believed that he should not marry for several years: not marry until he had trodden out a good clear path for himself away from the broad road which was quite ready made. He had seen Miss Vincy above his horizon almost as long as it had taken Mr. Casaubon to become engaged and married: but this learned gentleman was possessed of a fortune; he had assembled his voluminous notes, and had made that sort of reputation which precedes performance,"often the larger part of a man's fame.

fascinated - fascinado; fascinar

grace - gracias, benedícite, gracia, donaire, merced

Philosophy - filosofía

melodic - melódico

speedily - rápidamente

trodden - pisado; pisar, pisotear, hollar

broad - amplio; ancho

horizon - horizonte

possessed - Posees

assembled - montado; ensamblar, construir, montar, reunir, juntar

reputation - reputación

precedes - preceder, anteceder

fame - fama

He took a wife, as we have seen, to adorn the remaining quadrant of his course, and be a little moon that would cause hardly a calculable perturbation. But Lydgate was young, poor, ambitious. He had his half-century before him instead of behind him, and he had come to Middlemarch bent on doing many things that were not directly fitted to make his fortune or even secure him a good income. To a man under such circumstances, taking a wife is something more than a question of adornment, however highly he may rate this; and Lydgate was disposed to give it the first place among wifely functions. To his taste, guided by a single conversation, here was the point on which Miss Brooke would be found wanting, notwithstanding her undeniable beauty. She did not look at things from the proper feminine angle. The society of such women was about as relaxing as going from your work to teach the second form, instead of reclining in a paradise with sweet laughs for bird-notes, and blue eyes for a heaven.

quadrant - cuadrante

perturbation - perturbación

wifely - esposa

notwithstanding - a pesar de todo; no obstante

undeniable - inegable; innegable, impepinable

Certainly nothing at present could seem much less important to Lydgate than the turn of Miss Brooke's mind, or to Miss Brooke than the qualities of the woman who had attracted this young surgeon. But any one watching keenly the stealthy convergence of human lots, sees a slow preparation of effects from one life on another, which tells like a calculated irony on the indifference or the frozen stare with which we look at our unintroduced neighbor.

keenly - con entusiasmo

stealthy - sigiloso, furtivo

convergence - convergencia

irony - ironía

stare - mirar fijamente

unintroduced - sin introducir

Destiny stands by sarcastic with our dramatis personae folded in her hand.

destiny - destino, sino

stands by - estar preparado; apoyar a alguien; mantenerse firme en; en espera; estar junto a

sarcastic - sarcástico

dramatis personae - Personaje dramático

Old provincial society had its share of this subtle movement: had not only its striking downfalls, its brilliant young professional dandies who ended by living up an entry with a drab and six children for their establishment, but also those less marked vicissitudes which are constantly shifting the boundaries of social intercourse, and begetting new consciousness of interdependence. Some slipped a little downward, some got higher footing: people denied aspirates, gained wealth, and fastidious gentlemen stood for boroughs; some were caught in political currents, some in ecclesiastical, and perhaps found themselves surprisingly grouped in consequence; while a few personages or families that stood with rocky firmness amid all this fluctuation, were slowly presenting new aspects in spite of solidity, and altering with the double change of self and beholder. Municipal town and rural parish gradually made fresh threads of connection"gradually, as the old stocking gave way to the savings-bank, and the worship of the solar guinea became extinct; while squires and baronets, and even lords who had once lived blamelessly afar from the civic mind, gathered the faultiness of closer acquaintanceship. Settlers, too, came from distant counties, some with an alarming novelty of skill, others with an offensive advantage in cunning. In fact, much the same sort of movement and mixture went on in old England as we find in older Herodotus, who also, in telling what had been, thought it well to take a woman's lot for his starting-point; though Io, as a maiden apparently beguiled by attractive merchandise, was the reverse of Miss Brooke, and in this respect perhaps bore more resemblance to Rosamond Vincy, who had excellent taste in costume, with that nymph-like figure and pure blondness which give the largest range to choice in the flow and color of drapery.

subtle - sutil

downfalls - desventajas; ocaso, declive, decaimiento, decadencia

dandies - dandis; dandy, dandi, gomoso, petimetre

drab - apagado, soso, sin gracia, gris

vicissitudes - vicisitudes; vicisitud

boundaries - límites; frontera, límite, linde, lindero

intercourse - conversación, coito, acto sexual, relación sexual

begetting - engendrar, concebir

interdependence - interdependencia

slipped - se resbaló; resbalar

downward - hacia abajo

aspirates - aspirados; aspiración, aspirada, aspirar, chupar, inhalar

boroughs - istritos; municipio, concejo

surprisingly - asombrosamente, sorprendentemente, sorpresivamente

firmness - firmeza

amid - en medio de, entre

fluctuation - fluctuación

solidity - solidez

beholder - observador

Municipal - municipal

stocking - medias; media; (stock) medias; media

savings-bank - (savings-bank) caja de ahorros

worship - adoración, culto, checkalabanza, adorar, checkvenerar

guinea - Guinea

extinct - extinguido; extinto

squires - Escuderos; (squire) Escuderos

blamelessly - Sin culpa

afar - lejos; afar

civic - cívico

faultiness - falta

settlers - colonos; colono, colona, colonizador, colonizadora

Counties - condados; condado

cunning - astucia; astuto

Herodotus - Heródoto

beguiled - enganado; enganar, encanto enganador, encanto secretivo

merchandise - mercancía, mercadería

reverse - invertir; dar marcha atrás

resemblance - semejanza, similitud, similaridad, parecido

nymph - ninfa

blondness - ceguera

But these things made only part of her charm. She was admitted to be the flower of Mrs. Lemon's school, the chief school in the county, where the teaching included all that was demanded in the accomplished female"even to extras, such as the getting in and out of a carriage. Mrs. Lemon herself had always held up Miss Vincy as an example: no pupil, she said, exceeded that young lady for mental acquisition and propriety of speech, while her musical execution was quite exceptional. We cannot help the way in which people speak of us, and probably if Mrs. Lemon had undertaken to describe Juliet or Imogen, these heroines would not have seemed poetical. The first vision of Rosamond would have been enough with most judges to dispel any prejudice excited by Mrs. Lemon's praise.

pupil - alumno

exceeded - excedido; sobrepasar, pasarse, exceder

acquisition - adquisición

propriety - aptitud, propiedad

execution - ejecución

heroines - heroínas; heroína

poetical - poético

vision - vista, visión

dispel - disipar, dispersar

Praise - elogios; alabanza, loa, enaltecimiento, elogio, adoración

Lydgate could not be long in Middlemarch without having that agreeable vision, or even without making the acquaintance of the Vincy family; for though Mr. Peacock, whose practice he had paid something to enter on, had not been their doctor (Mrs. Vincy not liking the lowering system adopted by him), he had many patients among their connections and acquaintances. For who of any consequence in Middlemarch was not connected or at least acquainted with the Vincys? They were old manufacturers, and had kept a good house for three generations, in which there had naturally been much intermarrying with neighbors more or less decidedly genteel. Mr. Vincy's sister had made a wealthy match in accepting Mr. Bulstrode, who, however, as a man not born in the town, and altogether of dimly known origin, was considered to have done well in uniting himself with a real Middlemarch family; on the other hand, Mr. Vincy had descended a little, having taken an innkeeper's daughter. But on this side too there was a cheering sense of money; for Mrs. Vincy's sister had been second wife to rich old Mr. Featherstone, and had died childless years ago, so that her nephews and nieces might be supposed to touch the affections of the widower. And it happened that Mr. Bulstrode and Mr. Featherstone, two of Peacock's most important patients, had, from different causes, given an especially good reception to his successor, who had raised some partisanship as well as discussion. Mr. Wrench, medical attendant to the Vincy family, very early had grounds for thinking lightly of Lydgate's professional discretion, and there was no report about him which was not retailed at the Vincys', where visitors were frequent. Mr. Vincy was more inclined to general good-fellowship than to taking sides, but there was no need for him to be hasty in making any new man acquaintance.

peacock - pavo real, pavorreal

adopted - adoptado; adoptar, ahijar

manufacturers - fabricantes; fabricante

intermarrying - matrimonio mixto; casarse entre sí

wealthy - ricos; adinerado, rico, próspero, acomodado

dimly - tenuemente

innkeeper - posadero, posadera, ventero, ventera

cheering - animando; viva, hurra

childless - sin hijos

nephews - sobrinos; sobrino

widower - viudo

successor - sucesor, sucesora

partisanship - partidismo

wrench - llave inglesa; arrancar

attendant - asistente, guarda, concomitante, inherente

discretion - discreción

retailed - venta al por menor, venta al detalle, retail, minorista

frequent - frecuente

Rosamond silently wished that her father would invite Mr. Lydgate. She was tired of the faces and figures she had always been used to"the various irregular profiles and gaits and turns of phrase distinguishing those Middlemarch young men whom she had known as boys. She had been at school with girls of higher position, whose brothers, she felt sure, it would have been possible for her to be more interested in, than in these inevitable Middlemarch companions. But she would not have chosen to mention her wish to her father; and he, for his part, was in no hurry on the subject. An alderman about to be mayor must by-and-by enlarge his dinner-parties, but at present there were plenty of guests at his well-spread table.

silently - en silencio; silenciosamente

gaits - andares; andar

distinguishing - distinguir

inevitable - inevitable

alderman - concejal, regidor

enlarge - ampliar, agrandar, engrandecer

That table often remained covered with the relics of the family breakfast long after Mr. Vincy had gone with his second son to the warehouse, and when Miss Morgan was already far on in morning lessons with the younger girls in the schoolroom. It awaited the family laggard, who found any sort of inconvenience (to others) less disagreeable than getting up when he was called. This was the case one morning of the October in which we have lately seen Mr. Casaubon visiting the Grange; and though the room was a little overheated with the fire, which had sent the spaniel panting to a remote corner, Rosamond, for some reason, continued to sit at her embroidery longer than usual, now and then giving herself a little shake, and laying her work on her knee to contemplate it with an air of hesitating weariness.

relics - reliquias; reliquia, vestigio

warehouse - almacén, depósito, almacenar

schoolroom - aula escolar

awaited - esperado; esperar, aguantar

inconvenience - inconveniente; inconveniencia, desconveniencia, incomodar

overheated - sobrecalentado; sobrecalentar, panish: t-needed

spaniel - paniel; perro de aguas

panting - Jadeando; (pant) Jadeando

contemplate - contemplar

Her mamma, who had returned from an excursion to the kitchen, sat on the other side of the small work-table with an air of more entire placidity, until, the clock again giving notice that it was going to strike, she looked up from the lace-mending which was occupying her plump fingers and rang the bell.

excursion - excursión

placidity - pacidez; placidez

giving notice - dar aviso

lace - encaje; cordón

mending - Reparando; (mend); remiendo, remendar, reparar

plump - relleno, regordete, rechoncho

"knock at Mr. Fred's door again, Pritchard, and tell him it has struck half-past ten."

knock at - Golpear, tocar

This was said without any change in the radiant good-humor of Mrs. Vincy's face, in which forty-five years had delved neither angles nor parallels; and pushing back her pink capstrings, she let her work rest on her lap, while she looked admiringly at her daughter.

radiant - radiante, punto radiante

delved - rofundizar

angles - ángulos; anglo

parallels - paralelismos; paralelo, paralelo

pushing back - hacer retroceder, posponer

capstrings - caparrones

admiringly - con admiración

"Mamma," said Rosamond, "when Fred comes down I wish you would not let him have red herrings. I cannot bear the smell of them all over the house at this hour of the morning."

herrings - Arenques

"Oh, my dear, you are so hard on your brothers! It is the only fault I have to find with you. You are the sweetest temper in the world, but you are so tetchy with your brothers."

fault - defecto, falla, culpa, falta

tetchy - Irritable

"Not tetchy, mamma: you never hear me speak in an unladylike way."

unladylike - poco femenina

"Well, but you want to deny them things."

deny - negar

"Brothers are so unpleasant."

"Oh, my dear, you must allow for young men. Be thankful if they have good hearts. A woman must learn to put up with little things. You will be married some day."

"Not to any one who is like Fred."

"Don't decry your own brother, my dear. Few young men have less against them, although he couldn't take his degree"I'm sure I can't understand why, for he seems to me most clever. And you know yourself he was thought equal to the best society at college. So particular as you are, my dear, I wonder you are not glad to have such a gentlemanly young man for a brother. You are always finding fault with Bob because he is not Fred."

decry - censurar, criticar

most clever - el más inteligente

gentlemanly - caballeresco, caballeroso, galante

Bob - Beto

"Oh no, mamma, only because he is Bob."

"Well, my dear, you will not find any Middlemarch young man who has not something against him."

"But""here Rosamond's face broke into a smile which suddenly revealed two dimples. She herself thought unfavorably of these dimples and smiled little in general society. "But I shall not marry any Middlemarch young man."

dimples - hoyuelo, camanance, formar hoyuelos

unfavorably - esfavorablemente

"So it seems, my love, for you have as good as refused the pick of them; and if there's better to be had, I'm sure there's no girl better deserves it."

refused - rechazado; negarse (a)

deserves - merecer, meritar

"Excuse me, mamma"I wish you would not say, ˜the pick of them.'"

"Why, what else are they?"

"I mean, mamma, it is rather a vulgar expression."

"Very likely, my dear; I never was a good speaker. What should I say?"

"The best of them."

"Why, that seems just as plain and common. If I had had time to think, I should have said, ˜the most superior young men.'But with your education you must know."

"What must Rosy know, mother?" said Mr. Fred, who had slid in unobserved through the half-open door while the ladies were bending over their work, and now going up to the fire stood with his back towards it, warming the soles of his slippers.

rosy - Rosa

slid - Se deslizó; (slide); deslizar, resbalar, tobogán, resbaladilla

unobserved - no se observa; inobservado

half-open - (half-open) medio abierto

soles - suelas; planta

slippers - zapatillas; zapatilla, pantufla, babucha

"Whether it's right to say ˜superior young men,'" said Mrs. Vincy, ringing the bell.

"Oh, there are so many superior teas and sugars now. Superior is getting to be shopkeepers'slang."

shopkeepers - comerciantes; comerciante, tendero, tendera

slang - argot, jerga

"Are you beginning to dislike slang, then?" said Rosamond, with mild gravity.

"Only the wrong sort. All choice of words is slang. It marks a class."

"There is correct English: that is not slang."

"I beg your pardon: correct English is the slang of prigs who write history and essays. And the strongest slang of all is the slang of poets."

prigs - pinches; meapilas

"You will say anything, Fred, to gain your point."

"Well, tell me whether it is slang or poetry to call an ox a leg-plaiter."

ox - buey

"Of course you can call it poetry if you like."

"Aha, Miss Rosy, you don't know Homer from slang. I shall invent a new game; I shall write bits of slang and poetry on slips, and give them to you to separate."

Aha - ajá

slips - resbalones; resbalar

"Dear me, how amusing it is to hear young people talk!" said Mrs. Vincy, with cheerful admiration.

"Have you got nothing else for my breakfast, Pritchard?" said Fred, to the servant who brought in coffee and buttered toast; while he walked round the table surveying the ham, potted beef, and other cold remnants, with an air of silent rejection, and polite forbearance from signs of disgust.

buttered - con mantequilla; mantequilla

Ham - jamón

remnants - restos; resto, restante, reliquia, despojo

rejection - rechazo

forbearance - ndulgencia; templanza

"Should you like eggs, sir?"

"Eggs, no! Bring me a grilled bone."

grilled - rejilla

"Really, Fred," said Rosamond, when the servant had left the room, "if you must have hot things for breakfast, I wish you would come down earlier. You can get up at six o'clock to go out hunting; I cannot understand why you find it so difficult to get up on other mornings."

"That is your want of understanding, Rosy. I can get up to go hunting because I like it."

go hunting - Ir a cazar

"What would you think of me if I came down two hours after every one else and ordered grilled bone?"

grilled - asar a la parrillar, hacer al grill

"I should think you were an uncommonly fast young lady," said Fred, eating his toast with the utmost composure.

composure - compostura, entereza

"I cannot see why brothers are to make themselves disagreeable, any more than sisters."

"I don't make myself disagreeable; it is you who find me so. Disagreeable is a word that describes your feelings and not my actions."

"I think it describes the smell of grilled bone."

"Not at all. It describes a sensation in your little nose associated with certain finicking notions which are the classics of Mrs. Lemon's school. Look at my mother; you don't see her objecting to everything except what she does herself. She is my notion of a pleasant woman."

sensation - sensación

"Bless you both, my dears, and don't quarrel," said Mrs. Vincy, with motherly cordiality. "Come, Fred, tell us all about the new doctor. How is your uncle pleased with him?"

cordiality - Cordialidad

"Pretty well, I think. He asks Lydgate all sorts of questions and then screws up his face while he hears the answers, as if they were pinching his toes. That's his way. Ah, here comes my grilled bone."

screws up - hacer un bollo, arrugar, torcer, meter la pata

pinching - Pellizcos; (pinch); pellizcar, repizcar, afanar, chorizar

"But how came you to stay out so late, my dear? You only said you were going to your uncle's."

"Oh, I dined at Plymdale's. We had whist. Lydgate was there too."

"And what do you think of him? He is very gentlemanly, I suppose. They say he is of excellent family"his relations quite county people."

"Yes," said Fred. "There was a Lydgate at John's who spent no end of money. I find this man is a second cousin of his. But rich men may have very poor devils for second cousins."

devils - demonios; diablo

"It always makes a difference, though, to be of good family," said Rosamond, with a tone of decision which showed that she had thought on this subject. Rosamond felt that she might have been happier if she had not been the daughter of a Middlemarch manufacturer. She disliked anything which reminded her that her mother's father had been an innkeeper. Certainly any one remembering the fact might think that Mrs.

Vincy had the air of a very handsome good-humored landlady, accustomed to the most capricious orders of gentlemen.

humored - humorado; humor

landlady - propietaria; arredataria, casera, terrateniente

most capricious - el más caprichoso

"I thought it was odd his name was Tertius," said the bright-faced matron, "but of course it's a name in the family. But now, tell us exactly what sort of man he is."

"Oh, tallish, dark, clever"talks well"rather a prig, I think."

tallish - Alto

prig - pendejo; meapilas

"I never can make out what you mean by a prig," said Rosamond.

"A fellow who wants to show that he has opinions."

"Why, my dear, doctors must have opinions," said Mrs. Vincy. "What are they there for else?"

"Yes, mother, the opinions they are paid for. But a prig is a fellow who is always making you a present of his opinions."

"I suppose Mary Garth admires Mr. Lydgate," said Rosamond, not without a touch of innuendo.

Mary - María

innuendo - insinuación, indirecta

"Really, I can't say." said Fred, rather glumly, as he left the table, and taking up a novel which he had brought down with him, threw himself into an arm-chair. "If you are jealous of her, go oftener to Stone Court yourself and eclipse her."

glumly - De mal humor

eclipse - eclipse, eclipsar

"I wish you would not be so vulgar, Fred. If you have finished, pray ring the bell."

"It is true, though"what your brother says, Rosamond," Mrs. Vincy began, when the servant had cleared the table. "It is a thousand pities you haven't patience to go and see your uncle more, so proud of you as he is, and wanted you to live with him. There's no knowing what he might have done for you as well as for Fred.

pities - compasión, piedad, lástima, pena, tener lástima

God knows, I'm fond of having you at home with me, but I can part with my children for their good. And now it stands to reason that your uncle Featherstone will do something for Mary Garth."

"Mary Garth can bear being at Stone Court, because she likes that better than being a governess," said Rosamond, folding up her work. "I would rather not have anything left to me if I must earn it by enduring much of my uncle's cough and his ugly relations."

governess - gobernanta; institutriz

folding up - Replegarse

enduring - perdurable; aguantar, perdurar, tolerar, consentir, condescender

cough - toser, tos

"He can't be long for this world, my dear; I wouldn't hasten his end, but what with asthma and that inward complaint, let us hope there is something better for him in another. And I have no ill-will towards Mary Garth, but there's justice to be thought of.

hasten - apresurarse; correr, acelerar, precipitar, anticipar, adelantar

asthma - asma

ill-will - (ill-will) mala voluntad, malas intenciones

And Mr. Featherstone's first wife brought him no money, as my sister did. Her nieces and nephews can't have so much claim as my sister's. And I must say I think Mary Garth a dreadful plain girl"more fit for a governess."

"Every one would not agree with you there, mother," said Fred, who seemed to be able to read and listen too.

"Well, my dear," said Mrs. Vincy, wheeling skilfully, "if she had some fortune left her,"a man marries his wife's relations, and the Garths are so poor, and live in such a small way. But I shall leave you to your studies, my dear; for I must go and do some shopping."

skilfully - con habilidad

"Fred's studies are not very deep," said Rosamond, rising with her mamma, "he is only reading a novel."

"Well, well, by-and-by he'll go to his Latin and things," said Mrs. Vincy, soothingly, stroking her son's head. "There's a fire in the smoking-room on purpose. It's your father's wish, you know"Fred, my dear"and I always tell him you will be good, and go to college again to take your degree."

Fred drew his mother's hand down to his lips, but said nothing.

"I suppose you are not going out riding to-day?" said Rosamond, lingering a little after her mamma was gone.

"No; why?"

"Papa says I may have the chestnut to ride now."

"You can go with me to-morrow, if you like. Only I am going to Stone Court, remember."

morrow - manana; manana

"I want to ride so much, it is indifferent to me where we go." Rosamond really wished to go to Stone Court, of all other places.

"Oh, I say, Rosy," said Fred, as she was passing out of the room, "if you are going to the piano, let me come and play some airs with you."

"Pray do not ask me this morning."

"Why not this morning?"

"Really, Fred, I wish you would leave off playing the flute. A man looks very silly playing the flute. And you play so out of tune."

flute - flauta

"When next any one makes love to you, Miss Rosamond, I will tell him how obliging you are."

obliging - complaciente; obligar

"Why should you expect me to oblige you by hearing you play the flute, any more than I should expect you to oblige me by not playing it?"

"And why should you expect me to take you out riding?"

This question led to an adjustment, for Rosamond had set her mind on that particular ride.

adjustment - ajuste, modificación

So Fred was gratified with nearly an hour's practice of "Ar hyd y nos," "Ye banks and braes," and other favorite airs from his "Instructor on the Flute;" a wheezy performance, into which he threw much ambition and an irrepressible hopefulness.

Ar - RA

hyd - hid

ye - sí; vos

irrepressible - irreprimible, irrefrenable

hopefulness - esperanza


He had more tow on his distaffe

tow - remolque; remolcar

distaffe - istaffe

Than Gerveis knew.


But the road, even the byroad, was excellent; for Lowick, as we have seen, was not a parish of muddy lanes and poor tenants; and it was into Lowick parish that Fred and Rosamond entered after a couple of miles'riding. Another mile would bring them to Stone Court, and at the end of the first half, the house was already visible, looking as if it had been arrested in its growth toward a stone mansion by an unexpected budding of farm-buildings on its left flank, which had hindered it from becoming anything more than the substantial dwelling of a gentleman farmer.

byroad - Por carretera

Muddy - Fango

lanes - carriles; camino, carril

flank - costado, flanco

substantial - sustancial, is, enjundioso, substancial

dwelling - vivienda; (dwell); habitar, morar

It was not the less agreeable an object in the distance for the cluster of pinnacled corn-ricks which balanced the fine row of walnuts on the right.

cluster - amontonamiento, agrupamiento, aglomeración, racimo, cúmulo

pinnacled - cumbre, pináculo, pico, ápice

walnuts - nueces; nogal, noguera, nuez

Presently it was possible to discern something that might be a gig on the circular drive before the front door.

gig - bolo, actuación

circular - circular

"Dear me," said Rosamond, "I hope none of my uncle's horrible relations are there."

"They are, though. That is Mrs. Waule's gig"the last yellow gig left, I should think. When I see Mrs. Waule in it, I understand how yellow can have been worn for mourning. That gig seems to me more funereal than a hearse. But then Mrs. Waule always has black crape on. How does she manage it, Rosy? Her friends can't always be dying."

mourning - duelo, luto; (mourn); lamentar, estar de luto

hearse - carro fúnebre; coche fúnebre, carroza

dying - Muriendo; (dye) Muriendo

"I don't know at all. And she is not in the least evangelical," said Rosamond, reflectively, as if that religious point of view would have fully accounted for perpetual crape. "And, not poor," she added, after a moment's pause.

fully - totalmente; completamente, a fondo

perpetual - perpetua; perpetuo

"No, by George! They are as rich as Jews, those Waules and Featherstones; I mean, for people like them, who don't want to spend anything. And yet they hang about my uncle like vultures, and are afraid of a farthing going away from their side of the family. But I believe he hates them all."

hang about - andar por; !un momento!, !espera!

vultures - buitres; buitre, zopilote

The Mrs. Waule who was so far from being admirable in the eyes of these distant connections, had happened to say this very morning (not at all with a defiant air, but in a low, muffled, neutral tone, as of a voice heard through cotton wool) that she did not wish "to enjoy their good opinion.

defiant - desafiante, fresco, contestatario

muffled - silenciado; mufla

She was seated, as she observed, on her own brother's hearth, and had been Jane Featherstone five-and-twenty years before she had been Jane Waule, which entitled her to speak when her own brother's name had been made free with by those who had no right to it.

hearth - hogar, lar, solera, fogón, crisol

Jane - Juana

entitled - con derecho; intitular

"What are you driving at there?" said Mr. Featherstone, holding his stick between his knees and settling his wig, while he gave her a momentary sharp glance, which seemed to react on him like a draught of cold air and set him coughing.

settling - asentarse; sedimento, decantación

wig - peluca

momentary - momentánea; momentáneo

draught - de barril; dama

coughing - Tos; (cough); toser, tos

Mrs. Waule had to defer her answer till he was quiet again, till Mary Garth had supplied him with fresh syrup, and he had begun to rub the gold knob of his stick, looking bitterly at the fire. It was a bright fire, but it made no difference to the chill-looking purplish tint of Mrs. Waule's face, which was as neutral as her voice; having mere chinks for eyes, and lips that hardly moved in speaking.

syrup - almíbar, jarabe, sirope

Rub - frotación, frotamiento, frote, frotar

knob - pomo; perilla, asa

bitterly - con amargura; amargamente

chill - relajarme; frío

purplish - amoratado, cárdeno, purpúreo, púrpura

tint - tinte, matiz

chinks - chinos; resquicio, grieta

"The doctors can't master that cough, brother. It's just like what I have; for I'm your own sister, constitution and everything. But, as I was saying, it's a pity Mrs. Vincy's family can't be better conducted."

conducted - conducido; conducción, conducta, guiar, dirigir, manejar

"Tchah! you said nothing o'the sort. You said somebody had made free with my name."

"And no more than can be proved, if what everybody says is true. My brother Solomon tells me it's the talk up and down in Middlemarch how unsteady young Vincy is, and has been forever gambling at billiards since home he came."

Solomon - Salomón

unsteady - inestable; irregular

gambling - juegos de azar; juego de azar; (gamble); apuesta, apostar, jugar

billiards - Billar

"Nonsense! What's a game at billiards? It's a good gentlemanly game; and young Vincy is not a clodhopper. If your son John took to billiards, now, he'd make a fool of himself."

clodhopper - gorrón; zapatón, ganso, patoso

"Your nephew John never took to billiards or any other game, brother, and is far from losing hundreds of pounds, which, if what everybody says is true, must be found somewhere else than out of Mr. Vincy the father's pocket. For they say he's been losing money for years, though nobody would think so, to see him go coursing and keeping open house as they do.

And I've heard say Mr. Bulstrode condemns Mrs. Vincy beyond anything for her flightiness, and spoiling her children so."

condemns - condenar, clausurar

spoiling - arruinando; expoliar, despojar, danar, arruinar, echar a perder

"What's Bulstrode to me? I don't bank with him."

"Well, Mrs. Bulstrode is Mr. Vincy's own sister, and they do say that Mr. Vincy mostly trades on the Bank money; and you may see yourself, brother, when a woman past forty has pink strings always flying, and that light way of laughing at everything, it's very unbecoming. But indulging your children is one thing, and finding money to pay their debts is another.

indulging - darse un capricho; ceder, sucumbir, mimar, consentir

debts - deudas; deuda, pufo

And it's openly said that young Vincy has raised money on his expectations. I don't say what expectations. Miss Garth hears me, and is welcome to tell again. I know young people hang together."

openly - abiertamente, sin tapujos, con luz y taquígrafos

expectations - expectativas; expectación, expectativa

hang together - concordar, encajar; apoyarse mutuamente

"No, thank you, Mrs. Waule," said Mary Garth. "I dislike hearing scandal too much to wish to repeat it."

Mr. Featherstone rubbed the knob of his stick and made a brief convulsive show of laughter, which had much the same genuineness as an old whist-player's chuckle over a bad hand. Still looking at the fire, he said"

convulsive - convulsivo, convulso

chuckle - reírse (entre dientes)

"And who pretends to say Fred Vincy hasn't got expectations? Such a fine, spirited fellow is like enough to have 'em."

There was a slight pause before Mrs. Waule replied, and when she did so, her voice seemed to be slightly moistened with tears, though her face was still dry.

moistened - umedecido; humedecer, mojar, humedecerse, mojarse

"Whether or no, brother, it is naturally painful to me and my brother Solomon to hear your name made free with, and your complaint being such as may carry you off sudden, and people who are no more Featherstones than the Merry-Andrew at the fair, openly reckoning on your property coming to them.

And me your own sister, and Solomon your own brother! And if that's to be it, what has it pleased the Almighty to make families for?" Here Mrs. Waule's tears fell, but with moderation.

Almighty - omnipotente, todopoderoso

"Come, out with it, Jane!" said Mr. Featherstone, looking at her. "You mean to say, Fred Vincy has been getting somebody to advance him money on what he says he knows about my will, eh?"

advance - avanzar, progresar, avance, progreso, adelanto, avance

"I never said so, brother" (Mrs. Waule's voice had again become dry and unshaken). "It was told me by my brother Solomon last night when he called coming from market to give me advice about the old wheat, me being a widow, and my son John only three-and-twenty, though steady beyond anything. And he had it from most undeniable authority, and not one, but many."

unshaken - Sin temblar

wheat - trigo

"Stuff and nonsense! I don't believe a word of it. It's all a got-up story. Go to the window, missy; I thought I heard a horse. See if the doctor's coming."

I don't believe a word of it - no me creo ni una palabra

"Not got up by me, brother, nor yet by Solomon, who, whatever else he may be"and I don't deny he has oddities"has made his will and parted his property equal between such kin as he's friends with; though, for my part, I think there are times when some should be considered more than others. But Solomon makes it no secret what he means to do."

kin - familia, parientes

"The more fool he!" said Mr. Featherstone, with some difficulty; breaking into a severe fit of coughing that required Mary Garth to stand near him, so that she did not find out whose horses they were which presently paused stamping on the gravel before the door.

gravel - grava, gravilla, rociar con grava, salpicar con grava

Before Mr. Featherstone's cough was quiet, Rosamond entered, bearing up her riding-habit with much grace. She bowed ceremoniously to Mrs. Waule, who said stiffly, "How do you do, miss?" smiled and nodded silently to Mary, and remained standing till the coughing should cease, and allow her uncle to notice her.

riding-habit - (riding-habit) Traje de montar

ceremoniously - Ceremoniosamente

nodded - asintió; asentir, cabecear, cabezada

"Heyday, miss!" he said at last, "you have a fine color. Where's Fred?"

Heyday - auge

"Seeing about the horses. He will be in presently."

"Sit down, sit down. Mrs. Waule, you'd better go."

Even those neighbors who had called Peter Featherstone an old fox, had never accused him of being insincerely polite, and his sister was quite used to the peculiar absence of ceremony with which he marked his sense of blood-relationship. Indeed, she herself was accustomed to think that entire freedom from the necessity of behaving agreeably was included in the Almighty's intentions about families. She rose slowly without any sign of resentment, and said in her usual muffled monotone, "Brother, I hope the new doctor will be able to do something for you.

Peter - Pedro, Pedro

fox - zorro, zorra, raposo, traposa

insincerely - Sinceramente

resentment - resentimiento, animadversión, animosidad, rencor

monotone - monótono

Solomon says there's great talk of his cleverness. I'm sure it's my wish you should be spared. And there's none more ready to nurse you than your own sister and your own nieces, if you'd only say the word. There's Rebecca, and Joanna, and Elizabeth, you know."

be spared - ahorrarse

Elizabeth - Isabel

"Ay, ay, I remember"you'll see I've remembered 'em all"all dark and ugly. They'd need have some money, eh? There never was any beauty in the women of our family; but the Featherstones have always had some money, and the Waules too. Waule had money too. A warm man was Waule. Ay, ay; money's a good egg; and if you've got money to leave behind you, lay it in a warm nest. Good-by, Mrs. Waule." Here Mr. Featherstone pulled at both sides of his wig as if he wanted to deafen himself, and his sister went away ruminating on this oracular speech of his. Notwithstanding her jealousy of the Vincys and of Mary Garth, there remained as the nethermost sediment in her mental shallows a persuasion that her brother Peter Featherstone could never leave his chief property away from his blood-relations:"else, why had the Almighty carried off his two wives both childless, after he had gained so much by manganese and things, turning up when nobody expected it?

nest - nido

deafen - ensordecer

ruminating - reflexionando; rumiar

jealousy - celo, celos, envidia

nethermost - más abajo

sediment - sedimentos; sedimento, sedimentar

persuasion - persuasión

carried off - se lo han llevado

manganese - manganeso

and why was there a Lowick parish church, and the Waules and Powderells all sitting in the same pew for generations, and the Featherstone pew next to them, if, the Sunday after her brother Peter's death, everybody was to know that the property was gone out of the family? The human mind has at no period accepted a moral chaos; and so preposterous a result was not strictly conceivable. But we are frightened at much that is not strictly conceivable.

parish church - Iglesia parroquial

pew - banco de iglesia

chaos - caos; (chao); caos

strictly - estrictamente, terminantemente

conceivable - concebible, pensable, imaginable

When Fred came in the old man eyed him with a peculiar twinkle, which the younger had often had reason to interpret as pride in the satisfactory details of his appearance.

Twinkle - titilar, fulgurar, refulgir

Interpret - explicar, exponer, interpretar

satisfactory - satisfactorio

"You two misses go away," said Mr. Featherstone. "I want to speak to Fred."

"Come into my room, Rosamond, you will not mind the cold for a little while," said Mary. The two girls had not only known each other in childhood, but had been at the same provincial school together (Mary as an articled pupil), so that they had many memories in common, and liked very well to talk in private. Indeed, this tĂŞte-Ă -tĂŞte was one of Rosamond's objects in coming to Stone Court.

Old Featherstone would not begin the dialogue till the door had been closed. He continued to look at Fred with the same twinkle and with one of his habitual grimaces, alternately screwing and widening his mouth; and when he spoke, it was in a low tone, which might be taken for that of an informer ready to be bought off, rather than for the tone of an offended senior. He was not a man to feel any strong moral indignation even on account of trespasses against himself.

grimaces - hace muecas; mueca, hacer gestos, hacer muecas

alternately - alternativamente, por turno

screwing - joder; folleteo, casquete; (screw); tornillo, tirafondo, hélice

informer - informante; informador, informadora

senior - superior; anciano, alto cargo, experimentado, senor

indignation - indignación

trespasses - infracciones; entrar sin autorización; transgresión, usurpación

It was natural that others should want to get an advantage over him, but then, he was a little too cunning for them.

"So, sir, you've been paying ten per cent for money which you've promised to pay off by mortgaging my land when I'm dead and gone, eh? You put my life at a twelvemonth, say. But I can alter my will yet."

mortgaging - hipotecas; hipoteca, hipotecar

twelvemonth - doce meses

alter - cambiar, modificar, alterar

Fred blushed. He had not borrowed money in that way, for excellent reasons. But he was conscious of having spoken with some confidence (perhaps with more than he exactly remembered) about his prospect of getting Featherstone's land as a future means of paying present debts.

"I don't know what you refer to, sir. I have certainly never borrowed any money on such an insecurity. Please do explain."

"No, sir, it's you must explain. I can alter my will yet, let me tell you. I'm of sound mind"can reckon compound interest in my head, and remember every fool's name as well as I could twenty years ago. What the deuce? I'm under eighty. I say, you must contradict this story."

compound - compuesto

deuce - Dos

"I have contradicted it, sir," Fred answered, with a touch of impatience, not remembering that his uncle did not verbally discriminate contradicting from disproving, though no one was further from confounding the two ideas than old Featherstone, who often wondered that so many fools took his own assertions for proofs. "But I contradict it again. The story is a silly lie."

verbally - verbalmente, de viva voz

contradicting - contradictorio; contradecir, contrariar

confounding - confusión; confundir, empeorar

fools - idiotas; bobo, imbécil, necio, pendejo, bufón, loco

assertions - afirmaciones; afirmación, aserto

proofs - pruebas; prueba

"Nonsense! you must bring dockiments. It comes from authority."

"Name the authority, and make him name the man of whom I borrowed the money, and then I can disprove the story."

"It's pretty good authority, I think"a man who knows most of what goes on in Middlemarch. It's that fine, religious, charitable uncle o'yours. Come now!" Here Mr. Featherstone had his peculiar inward shake which signified merriment.

merriment - alegría, júbilo, regocijo, juguetoneo

"Mr. Bulstrode?"

"Who else, eh?"

"Then the story has grown into this lie out of some sermonizing words he may have let fall about me. Do they pretend that he named the man who lent me the money?"

sermonizing - Sermonear

"If there is such a man, depend upon it Bulstrode knows him. But, supposing you only tried to get the money lent, and didn't get it"Bulstrode 'ud know that too. You bring me a writing from Bulstrode to say he doesn't believe you've ever promised to pay your debts out o'my land. Come now!"

Mr. Featherstone's face required its whole scale of grimaces as a muscular outlet to his silent triumph in the soundness of his faculties.

scale - escala

muscular - muscular, musculoso

outlet - salida, desahogo, río que nace en un lago, minorista de marca

triumph - triunfar; triunfo

soundness - olidez; completitud

faculties - facultades; cuerpo docente, facultad

Fred felt himself to be in a disgusting dilemma.

disgusting - asqueroso; repugnar, dar asco, asquear, asco, repugnancia

dilemma - un dilema; dilema, disyuntiva

"You must be joking, sir. Mr. Bulstrode, like other men, believes scores of things that are not true, and he has a prejudice against me.

I could easily get him to write that he knew no facts in proof of the report you speak of, though it might lead to unpleasantness. But I could hardly ask him to write down what he believes or does not believe about me." Fred paused an instant, and then added, in politic appeal to his uncle's vanity, "That is hardly a thing for a gentleman to ask." But he was disappointed in the result.

instant - instantáneo, inmediato

politic - política

"Ay, I know what you mean. You'd sooner offend me than Bulstrode. And what's he?"he's got no land hereabout that ever I heard tell of. A speckilating fellow! He may come down any day, when the devil leaves off backing him. And that's what his religion means: he wants God A'mighty to come in. That's nonsense! There's one thing I made out pretty clear when I used to go to church"and it's this: God A'mighty sticks to the land. He promises land, and He gives land, and He makes chaps rich with corn and cattle.

hereabout - Por aquí

speckilating - Especular

mighty - poderoso

chaps - chaps; tío, tipo

cattle - ganado, ganado bovino

But you take the other side. You like Bulstrode and speckilation better than Featherstone and land."

speckilation - especulación

"I beg your pardon, sir," said Fred, rising, standing with his back to the fire and beating his boot with his whip. "I like neither Bulstrode nor speculation." He spoke rather sulkily, feeling himself stalemated.

sulkily - Enfurrunada

stalemated - en punto muerto; ahogado, punto muerto, estancamiento

"Well, well, you can do without me, that's pretty clear," said old Featherstone, secretly disliking the possibility that Fred would show himself at all independent. "You neither want a bit of land to make a squire of you instead of a starving parson, nor a lift of a hundred pound by the way. It's all one to me. I can make five codicils if I like, and I shall keep my bank-notes for a nest-egg. It's all one to me."

secretly - secretamente, en secreto

squire - Escudero

Starving - Muerto de hambre; (starve); morir de hambre, hambrear

parson - párroco, cura párroco, pastor

codicils - codicilos; codicilo

bank-notes - (bank-notes) Billetes de banco

Fred colored again. Featherstone had rarely given him presents of money, and at this moment it seemed almost harder to part with the immediate prospect of bank-notes than with the more distant prospect of the land.

"I am not ungrateful, sir. I never meant to show disregard for any kind intentions you might have towards me. On the contrary."

ungrateful - desagradecido, ingrato, malagradecido

"Very good. Then prove it. You bring me a letter from Bulstrode saying he doesn't believe you've been cracking and promising to pay your debts out o'my land, and then, if there's any scrape you've got into, we'll see if I can't back you a bit. Come now! That's a bargain. Here, give me your arm. I'll try and walk round the room."

cracking - fisuras; agrietamiento; (crack) fisuras; agrietamiento

scrape - raspar, aranarse, rasparse, abrasión, rasponazo, pelea, pinada

walk round - dar una vuelta

Fred, in spite of his irritation, had kindness enough in him to be a little sorry for the unloved, unvenerated old man, who with his dropsical legs looked more than usually pitiable in walking. While giving his arm, he thought that he should not himself like to be an old fellow with his constitution breaking up; and he waited good-temperedly, first before the window to hear the wonted remarks about the guinea-fowls and the weather-cock, and then before the scanty book-shelves, of which the chief glories in dark calf were Josephus, Culpepper, Klopstock's "Messiah," and several volumes of the "Gentleman's Magazine.

unloved - desamor

unvenerated - Sin venerar

dropsical - Drogas

temperedly - atemperadamente

wonted - no

cock - polla; gallo, macho

scanty - escaso, exiguo

Messiah - mesías

"Read me the names o'the books. Come now! you're a college man."

Fred gave him the titles.

"What did missy want with more books? What must you be bringing her more books for?"

"They amuse her, sir. She is very fond of reading."

amuse - entretener, distraer, divertir

"A little too fond," said Mr. Featherstone, captiously. "She was for reading when she sat with me. But I put a stop to that. She's got the newspaper to read out loud. That's enough for one day, I should think. I can't abide to see her reading to herself. You mind and not bring her any more books, do you hear?"

captiously - Capciosamente

read out - leer en voz alta

abide - morir; quedar, permanecer, resistir, aguantar

"Yes, sir, I hear." Fred had received this order before, and had secretly disobeyed it. He intended to disobey it again.

disobeyed - desobedecido; desobedecer, desacatar, insubordinarse

"Ring the bell," said Mr. Featherstone; "I want missy to come down."

Rosamond and Mary had been talking faster than their male friends. They did not think of sitting down, but stood at the toilet-table near the window while Rosamond took off her hat, adjusted her veil, and applied little touches of her finger-tips to her hair"hair of infantine fairness, neither flaxen nor yellow. Mary Garth seemed all the plainer standing at an angle between the two nymphs"the one in the glass, and the one out of it, who looked at each other with eyes of heavenly blue, deep enough to hold the most exquisite meanings an ingenious beholder could put into them, and deep enough to hide the meanings of the owner if these should happen to be less exquisite. Only a few children in Middlemarch looked blond by the side of Rosamond, and the slim figure displayed by her riding-habit had delicate undulations. In fact, most men in Middlemarch, except her brothers, held that Miss Vincy was the best girl in the world, and some called her an angel. Mary Garth, on the contrary, had the aspect of an ordinary sinner: she was brown; her curly dark hair was rough and stubborn; her stature was low; and it would not be true to declare, in satisfactory antithesis, that she had all the virtues. Plainness has its peculiar temptations and vices quite as much as beauty; it is apt either to feign amiability, or, not feigning it, to show all the repulsiveness of discontent: at any rate, to be called an ugly thing in contrast with that lovely creature your companion, is apt to produce some effect beyond a sense of fine veracity and fitness in the phrase.

toilet-table - (toilet-table) mesa de aseo

adjusted - ajustado; ajustar, arreglar, regular, adaptar

veil - velo, velar

finger-tips - (finger-tips) punta de dedo; dedil

infantine - infantina

fairness - imparcialidad, equidad

plainer - más claro; sencillo; liso; sin ornamentos; llano (persona)

nymphs - ninfas; ninfa

heavenly - celestial, celeste

most exquisite - el más exquisito

meanings - Qué significa

displayed - aparece; espectáculo, exposición, monitor, expositor

angel - ángel

sinner - pecador, pecadora

stubborn - testarudo, obstinado, cabezota

declare - explicar, aclarar, declarar

antithesis - antítesis

temptations - entaciones; tentación

feigning - Fingiendo; (feign); fingir, inventar, aparentar, imaginar

repulsiveness - repulsividad

veracity - verdad; veracidad

At the age of two-and-twenty Mary had certainly not attained that perfect good sense and good principle which are usually recommended to the less fortunate girl, as if they were to be obtained in quantities ready mixed, with a flavor of resignation as required. Her shrewdness had a streak of satiric bitterness continually renewed and never carried utterly out of sight, except by a strong current of gratitude towards those who, instead of telling her that she ought to be contented, did something to make her so. Advancing womanhood had tempered her plainness, which was of a good human sort, such as the mothers of our race have very commonly worn in all latitudes under a more or less becoming headgear. Rembrandt would have painted her with pleasure, and would have made her broad features look out of the canvas with intelligent honesty. For honesty, truth-telling fairness, was Mary's reigning virtue: she neither tried to create illusions, nor indulged in them for her own behoof, and when she was in a good mood she had humor enough in her to laugh at herself. When she and Rosamond happened both to be reflected in the glass, she said, laughingly"

obtained - obtenido; obtener, coger

shrewdness - Astucia

streak - raya, trazo, sarta, racha, ristra

satiric - Sátira

renewed - renovado; reanudar, renovar, reiniciar, recomenzar

contented - contento; satisfecho

advancing - avanzando; avanzar, progresar, avance, progreso, adelanto

latitudes - latitudes; latitud, holgura

headgear - traje para la cabeza; prenda para la cabeza

canvas - lienzo; lona

honesty - honradez, sinceridad, honestidad, monedas del Papa

reigning - reinado, reinar

indulged in - darse el gusto

be reflected - reflejarse

laughingly - De risa

"What a brown patch I am by the side of you, Rosy! You are the most unbecoming companion."

patch - remiendo, parche

"Oh no! No one thinks of your appearance, you are so sensible and useful, Mary. Beauty is of very little consequence in reality," said Rosamond, turning her head towards Mary, but with eyes swerving towards the new view of her neck in the glass.

swerving - Dando un volantazo; (swerve); volantazo

"You mean my beauty," said Mary, rather sardonically.

sardonically - sardónicamente

Rosamond thought, "Poor Mary, she takes the kindest things ill." Aloud she said, "What have you been doing lately?"

"I? Oh, minding the house"pouring out syrup"pretending to be amiable and contented"learning to have a bad opinion of everybody."

"It is a wretched life for you."

"No," said Mary, curtly, with a little toss of her head. "I think my life is pleasanter than your Miss Morgan's."

curtly - Cortésmente

toss - tiro, lanzamiento, lanzar una moneda al aire, echar un volado

"Yes; but Miss Morgan is so uninteresting, and not young."

uninteresting - desinterés

"She is interesting to herself, I suppose; and I am not at all sure that everything gets easier as one gets older."

"No," said Rosamond, reflectively; "one wonders what such people do, without any prospect. To be sure, there is religion as a support. But," she added, dimpling, "it is very different with you, Mary. You may have an offer."

dimpling - con hoyuelos; hoyuelo, camanance, formar hoyuelos

"Has any one told you he means to make me one?"

"Of course not. I mean, there is a gentleman who may fall in love with you, seeing you almost every day."

A certain change in Mary's face was chiefly determined by the resolve not to show any change.

"Does that always make people fall in love?" she answered, carelessly; "it seems to me quite as often a reason for detesting each other."

detesting - detestar

"Not when they are interesting and agreeable. I hear that Mr. Lydgate is both."

"Oh, Mr. Lydgate!" said Mary, with an unmistakable lapse into indifference. "You want to know something about him," she added, not choosing to indulge Rosamond's indirectness.

unmistakable - inconfundible

indirectness - indirecta

"Merely, how you like him."

"There is no question of liking at present. My liking always wants some little kindness to kindle it. I am not magnanimous enough to like people who speak to me without seeming to see me."

kindle - indle; encender

magnanimous - magnánimo

"Is he so haughty?" said Rosamond, with heightened satisfaction. "You know that he is of good family?"

haughty - soberbio, altanero

"No; he did not give that as a reason."

"Mary! you are the oddest girl. But what sort of looking man is he? Describe him to me."

"How can one describe a man? I can give you an inventory: heavy eyebrows, dark eyes, a straight nose, thick dark hair, large solid white hands"and"let me see"oh, an exquisite cambric pocket-handkerchief. But you will see him. You know this is about the time of his visits."

inventory - inventario, inventariar

Rosamond blushed a little, but said, meditatively, "I rather like a haughty manner. I cannot endure a rattling young man."

meditatively - Meditativamente

rattling - traqueteo; (rattle) traqueteo

"I did not tell you that Mr. Lydgate was haughty; but il y en a pour tous les goûts, as little Mamselle used to say, and if any girl can choose the particular sort of conceit she would like, I should think it is you, Rosy."

"Haughtiness is not conceit; I call Fred conceited."

conceited - envanecido; engreimiento, vanidad, presunción, ego

"I wish no one said any worse of him. He should be more careful. Mrs. Waule has been telling uncle that Fred is very unsteady." Mary spoke from a girlish impulse which got the better of her judgment. There was a vague uneasiness associated with the word "unsteady" which she hoped Rosamond might say something to dissipate. But she purposely abstained from mentioning Mrs. Waule's more special insinuation.

abstained from - abstenerse de

insinuation - insinuación

"Oh, Fred is horrid!" said Rosamond. She would not have allowed herself so unsuitable a word to any one but Mary.

horrid - horrible; hórrido, horrendo

unsuitable - inadecuado, inapropiado

"What do you mean by horrid?"

"He is so idle, and makes papa so angry, and says he will not take orders."

"I think Fred is quite right."

"How can you say he is quite right, Mary? I thought you had more sense of religion."

"He is not fit to be a clergyman."

"But he ought to be fit."""Well, then, he is not what he ought to be. I know some other people who are in the same case."

be fit - Estar en forma

"But no one approves of them. I should not like to marry a clergyman; but there must be clergymen."

approves - lo aprueba; aprobar; tener un buen concepto de

clergymen - lérigos; clérigo

"It does not follow that Fred must be one."

"But when papa has been at the expense of educating him for it! And only suppose, if he should have no fortune left him?"

"I can suppose that very well," said Mary, dryly.

dryly - secamente

"Then I wonder you can defend Fred," said Rosamond, inclined to push this point.

defend - defender

"I don't defend him," said Mary, laughing; "I would defend any parish from having him for a clergyman."

"But of course if he were a clergyman, he must be different."

"Yes, he would be a great hypocrite; and he is not that yet."

hypocrite - hipócrita

"It is of no use saying anything to you, Mary. You always take Fred's part."

"Why should I not take his part?" said Mary, lighting up. "He would take mine. He is the only person who takes the least trouble to oblige me."

lighting up - Iluminar, encender

"You make me feel very uncomfortable, Mary," said Rosamond, with her gravest mildness; "I would not tell mamma for the world."

gravest - más grave; tumba

"What would you not tell her?" said Mary, angrily.

angrily - enfadado; furiosamente, con ira

"Pray do not go into a rage, Mary," said Rosamond, mildly as ever.

rage - furia; rabia, furor

"If your mamma is afraid that Fred will make me an offer, tell her that I would not marry him if he asked me. But he is not going to do so, that I am aware. He certainly never has asked me."

"Mary, you are always so violent."

"And you are always so exasperating."

"I? What can you blame me for?"

"Oh, blameless people are always the most exasperating. There is the bell"I think we must go down."

blameless - sin culpa

"I did not mean to quarrel," said Rosamond, putting on her hat.

"Quarrel? Nonsense; we have not quarrelled. If one is not to get into a rage sometimes, what is the good of being friends?"

"Am I to repeat what you have said?"

"Just as you please. I never say what I am afraid of having repeated. But let us go down."

Mr. Featherstone was still applauding the last performance, and assuring missy that her voice was as clear as a blackbird's, when Mr. Lydgate's horse passed the window.

applauding - aplaudiendo; aplaudir

assuring - aseguro; asegurar

blackbird - mirlo, turpial, soldadito

His dull expectation of the usual disagreeable routine with an aged patient"who can hardly believe that medicine would not "set him up" if the doctor were only clever enough"added to his general disbelief in Middlemarch charms, made a doubly effective background to this vision of Rosamond, whom old Featherstone made haste ostentatiously to introduce as his niece, though he had never thought it worth while to speak of Mary Garth in that light. Nothing escaped Lydgate in Rosamond's graceful behavior: how delicately she waived the notice which the old man's want of taste had thrust upon her by a quiet gravity, not showing her dimples on the wrong occasion, but showing them afterwards in speaking to Mary, to whom she addressed herself with so much good-natured interest, that Lydgate, after quickly examining Mary more fully than he had done before, saw an adorable kindness in Rosamond's eyes.

dull - sordo; romo, desafilado, embotado, aburrido, soso

doubly - doblemente

ostentatiously - Ostentosamente

waived - renunció; renunciar (a), prescindir (de)

But Mary from some cause looked rather out of temper.

"Miss Rosy has been singing me a song"you've nothing to say against that, eh, doctor?" said Mr. Featherstone. "I like it better than your physic."

"That has made me forget how the time was going," said Rosamond, rising to reach her hat, which she had laid aside before singing, so that her flower-like head on its white stem was seen in perfection above her riding-habit. "Fred, we must really go."

stem - tallo; CTIM

"Very good," said Fred, who had his own reasons for not being in the best spirits, and wanted to get away.

"Miss Vincy is a musician?" said Lydgate, following her with his eyes. (Every nerve and muscle in Rosamond was adjusted to the consciousness that she was being looked at. She was by nature an actress of parts that entered into her physique: she even acted her own character, and so well, that she did not know it to be precisely her own.)

nerve - nervio, coraje, descaro, frescura, nervios

physique - físico

precisely - exactamente; precisamente

"The best in Middlemarch, I'll be bound," said Mr. Featherstone, "let the next be who she will. Eh, Fred? Speak up for your sister."

"I'm afraid I'm out of court, sir. My evidence would be good for nothing."

I'm afraid - Tengo miedo

"Middlemarch has not a very high standard, uncle," said Rosamond, with a pretty lightness, going towards her whip, which lay at a distance.

Lydgate was quick in anticipating her. He reached the whip before she did, and turned to present it to her. She bowed and looked at him: he of course was looking at her, and their eyes met with that peculiar meeting which is never arrived at by effort, but seems like a sudden divine clearance of haze.

anticipating - nticipando; anticipar, prever

clearance - autorización; despeje, espacio, claro, acceso, permiso

I think Lydgate turned a little paler than usual, but Rosamond blushed deeply and felt a certain astonishment. After that, she was really anxious to go, and did not know what sort of stupidity her uncle was talking of when she went to shake hands with him.

Yet this result, which she took to be a mutual impression, called falling in love, was just what Rosamond had contemplated beforehand. Ever since that important new arrival in Middlemarch she had woven a little future, of which something like this scene was the necessary beginning. Strangers, whether wrecked and clinging to a raft, or duly escorted and accompanied by portmanteaus, have always had a circumstantial fascination for the virgin mind, against which native merit has urged itself in vain. And a stranger was absolutely necessary to Rosamond's social romance, which had always turned on a lover and bridegroom who was not a Middlemarcher, and who had no connections at all like her own: of late, indeed, the construction seemed to demand that he should somehow be related to a baronet. Now that she and the stranger had met, reality proved much more moving than anticipation, and Rosamond could not doubt that this was the great epoch of her life. She judged of her own symptoms as those of awakening love, and she held it still more natural that Mr. Lydgate should have fallen in love at first sight of her. These things happened so often at balls, and why not by the morning light, when the complexion showed all the better for it?

contemplated - contemplado; contemplar

new arrival - nueva llegada

woven - tejido; (weave); tejido

strangers - Extrano

wrecked - destrozado; cacharro, trasto, guinapo, choque, desastre

clinging - aferrándose; engancharse, adherirse

raft - balsa

escorted - con escolta; escolta, acompanante, escoltar

accompanied - acompanado; acompanar

circumstantial - circunstancial, minucioso, pomposo, indiciario, panish: t-needed

fascination - fascinación

romance - romance

construction - construcción

demand - demanda, exigencia, exigir, demandar

anticipation - previsión, anticipación

awakening - despertar; (awaken); despertar, despertarse

Rosamond, though no older than Mary, was rather used to being fallen in love with; but she, for her part, had remained indifferent and fastidiously critical towards both fresh sprig and faded bachelor. And here was Mr. Lydgate suddenly corresponding to her ideal, being altogether foreign to Middlemarch, carrying a certain air of distinction congruous with good family, and possessing connections which offered vistas of that middle-class heaven, rank; a man of talent, also, whom it would be especially delightful to enslave: in fact, a man who had touched her nature quite newly, and brought a vivid interest into her life which was better than any fancied "might-be" such as she was in the habit of opposing to the actual.

fastidiously - astidiosamente

critical - crítico, álgido, clave, trascendental, coyuntural

sprig - ramillete; ramita, muchacho

possessing - poseer

enslave - esclavizar

opposing - Oposición

Thus, in riding home, both the brother and the sister were preoccupied and inclined to be silent. Rosamond, whose basis for her structure had the usual airy slightness, was of remarkably detailed and realistic imagination when the foundation had been once presupposed; and before they had ridden a mile she was far on in the costume and introductions of her wedded life, having determined on her house in Middlemarch, and foreseen the visits she would pay to her husband's high-bred relatives at a distance, whose finished manners she could appropriate as thoroughly as she had done her school accomplishments, preparing herself thus for vaguer elevations which might ultimately come.

preoccupied - preocupado; preocupar

airy - aireado; airoso

slightness - Levedad

realistic - realista, realístico

presupposed - se presupone; presuponer

wedded - casada; casar

foreseen - previsto; pronosticar, prever, antever

accomplishments - logros; logro, éxito

vaguer - más vago; vago, impreciso

elevations - elevaciones; elevación, alzado, altitud, checkascenso

ultimately - en última instancia; finalmente, por último

There was nothing financial, still less sordid, in her previsions: she cared about what were considered refinements, and not about the money that was to pay for them.

sordid - sórdido

Fred's mind, on the other hand, was busy with an anxiety which even his ready hopefulness could not immediately quell. He saw no way of eluding Featherstone's stupid demand without incurring consequences which he liked less even than the task of fulfilling it. His father was already out of humor with him, and would be still more so if he were the occasion of any additional coolness between his own family and the Bulstrodes. Then, he himself hated having to go and speak to his uncle Bulstrode, and perhaps after drinking wine he had said many foolish things about Featherstone's property, and these had been magnified by report. Fred felt that he made a wretched figure as a fellow who bragged about expectations from a queer old miser like Featherstone, and went to beg for certificates at his bidding.

quell - acabar; reprimir, sofocar

eluding - eludiendo; eludir

incurring - en qué incurre; incurrir

additional - adicional, extra, de más

coolness - guay; frescura

magnified - magnificado; magnificar

bragged - se jactó; fanfarronear, presumir, jactarse, echarse flores

queer - raro, extrano, trucha, marica, maricón

miser - miserable; tacano, rata, pesetero, tacano

certificates - certificados; certificado

bidding - Pujando; (bid) Pujando

But"those expectations! He really had them, and he saw no agreeable alternative if he gave them up; besides, he had lately made a debt which galled him extremely, and old Featherstone had almost bargained to pay it off. The whole affair was miserably small: his debts were small, even his expectations were not anything so very magnificent. Fred had known men to whom he would have been ashamed of confessing the smallness of his scrapes. Such ruminations naturally produced a streak of misanthropic bitterness. To be born the son of a Middlemarch manufacturer, and inevitable heir to nothing in particular, while such men as Mainwaring and Vyan"certainly life was a poor business, when a spirited young fellow, with a good appetite for the best of everything, had so poor an outlook.

debt - deuda, pufo

galled - enfadado; bilis, hiel

bargained - negociado; trato, ganga, bicoca, chollo, regatear

miserably - miserablemente

magnificent - magnífico, macanudo

confessing - confesando; confesar, panish: t-needed

misanthropic - misántropo; misantrópico

heir - heredero, sucesor, checkheredera

outlook - vista, punto de vista, visión, perspectivas

It had not occurred to Fred that the introduction of Bulstrode's name in the matter was a fiction of old Featherstone's; nor could this have made any difference to his position. He saw plainly enough that the old man wanted to exercise his power by tormenting him a little, and also probably to get some satisfaction out of seeing him on unpleasant terms with Bulstrode.

tormenting - Atormentando; (torment); tormento, atormentar

Fred fancied that he saw to the bottom of his uncle Featherstone's soul, though in reality half what he saw there was no more than the reflex of his own inclinations. The difficult task of knowing another soul is not for young gentlemen whose consciousness is chiefly made up of their own wishes.

reflex - reflejo, continuador

Fred's main point of debate with himself was, whether he should tell his father, or try to get through the affair without his father's knowledge. It was probably Mrs. Waule who had been talking about him; and if Mary Garth had repeated Mrs. Waule's report to Rosamond, it would be sure to reach his father, who would as surely question him about it. He said to Rosamond, as they slackened their pace"

debate - debate, debatir

"Rosy, did Mary tell you that Mrs. Waule had said anything about me?"

"Yes, indeed, she did."


"That you were very unsteady."

"Was that all?"

"I should think that was enough, Fred."

"You are sure she said no more?"

"Mary mentioned nothing else. But really, Fred, I think you ought to be ashamed."

"Oh, fudge! Don't lecture me. What did Mary say about it?"

fudge - manjar, dulce, ate, componenda, manipular, rayos

"I am not obliged to tell you. You care so very much what Mary says, and you are too rude to allow me to speak."

"Of course I care what Mary says. She is the best girl I know."

"I should never have thought she was a girl to fall in love with."

"How do you know what men would fall in love with? Girls never know."

"At least, Fred, let me advise you not to fall in love with her, for she says she would not marry you if you asked her."

"She might have waited till I did ask her."

"I knew it would nettle you, Fred."

nettle - ortiga, picar, checkirritar, checkprovocar

"Not at all. She would not have said so if you had not provoked her." Before reaching home, Fred concluded that he would tell the whole affair as simply as possible to his father, who might perhaps take on himself the unpleasant business of speaking to Bulstrode.

provoked - provocado; provocar



1st Gent. How class your man?"as better than the most,

Or, seeming better, worse beneath that cloak?

beneath - por debajo; bajo

cloak - capa, embozo, velo, capa, embozar

As saint or knave, pilgrim or hypocrite?

knave - bribón; paje, mozo, bellaco, villano, sota

2d Gent. Nay, tell me how you class your wealth of books

The drifted relics of all time.

drifted - deriva, derrape, ir a la deriva, vagar, derivar, errar

As well sort them at once by size and livery:

livery - Librea

Vellum, tall copies, and the common calf

vellum - papel; vitela

Will hardly cover more diversity

diversity - diversidad

Than all your labels cunningly devised

cunningly - astutamente, arteramente

devised - deado; concebir, inventar, tramar, maquinar, legar

To class your unread authors.

In consequence of what he had heard from Fred, Mr. Vincy determined to speak with Mr. Bulstrode in his private room at the Bank at half-past one, when he was usually free from other callers. But a visitor had come in at one o'clock, and Mr. Bulstrode had so much to say to him, that there was little chance of the interview being over in half an hour. The banker's speech was fluent, but it was also copious, and he used up an appreciable amount of time in brief meditative pauses. Do not imagine his sickly aspect to have been of the yellow, black-haired sort: he had a pale blond skin, thin gray-besprinkled brown hair, light-gray eyes, and a large forehead. Loud men called his subdued tone an undertone, and sometimes implied that it was inconsistent with openness; though there seems to be no reason why a loud man should not be given to concealment of anything except his own voice, unless it can be shown that Holy Writ has placed the seat of candor in the lungs. Mr.

callers - llamadas; llamador

fluent - con fluidez; fluido

copious - copioso

appreciable - apreciable, sensible, considerable

meditative - Meditativo

pauses - pausas; receso, checkdescanso, pausar, interrumpir, suspender

haired - Pelo

forehead - la frente; frente

implied - implícito; implicar, acarrear, conllevar, insinuar

concealment - ocultación; ocultamiento

holy - santo, sagrado

candor - candor

lungs - pulmones; pulmón

Bulstrode had also a deferential bending attitude in listening, and an apparently fixed attentiveness in his eyes which made those persons who thought themselves worth hearing infer that he was seeking the utmost improvement from their discourse. Others, who expected to make no great figure, disliked this kind of moral lantern turned on them. If you are not proud of your cellar, there is no thrill of satisfaction in seeing your guest hold up his wine-glass to the light and look judicial. Such joys are reserved for conscious merit. Hence Mr. Bulstrode's close attention was not agreeable to the publicans and sinners in Middlemarch; it was attributed by some to his being a Pharisee, and by others to his being Evangelical. Less superficial reasoners among them wished to know who his father and grandfather were, observing that five-and-twenty years ago nobody had ever heard of a Bulstrode in Middlemarch. To his present visitor, Lydgate, the scrutinizing look was a matter of indifference: he simply formed an unfavorable opinion of the banker's constitution, and concluded that he had an eager inward life with little enjoyment of tangible things.

deferential - deferente, deferencial

attentiveness - atención; consideración

infer - inferir, argüir, checkinferir

discourse - discurso, conversación, disertar

lantern - farol, linterna

cellar - sótano, bodega

thrill - emoción; excitar; emocionar, conmover

judicial - judicial

reserved - reservado; reserva, reservar

publicans - publicanos; patrón/dueno de un bar

sinners - ecadores; pecador, pecadora

Pharisee - fariseo

superficial - superficial

reasoners - Razonador

scrutinizing - escrutinando; escrutar, examinar, escudrinar

tangible - tangible, palpable

"I shall be exceedingly obliged if you will look in on me here occasionally, Mr. Lydgate," the banker observed, after a brief pause. "If, as I dare to hope, I have the privilege of finding you a valuable coadjutor in the interesting matter of hospital management, there will be many questions which we shall need to discuss in private. As to the new hospital, which is nearly finished, I shall consider what you have said about the advantages of the special destination for fevers. The decision will rest with me, for though Lord Medlicote has given the land and timber for the building, he is not disposed to give his personal attention to the object.

privilege - privilegio, privilegiar

coadjutor - coadjutor

fevers - fiebre, calentura

timber - madera de construcción

"There are few things better worth the pains in a provincial town like this," said Lydgate. "A fine fever hospital in addition to the old infirmary might be the nucleus of a medical school here, when once we get our medical reforms; and what would do more for medical education than the spread of such schools over the country? A born provincial man who has a grain of public spirit as well as a few ideas, should do what he can to resist the rush of everything that is a little better than common towards London. Any valid professional aims may often find a freer, if not a richer field, in the provinces.

infirmary - en la enfermería; enfermería, panish: t-needed

nucleus - núcleo

reforms - reformas; reforma, reformar

resist - resistir

valid - válido, valedero

One of Lydgate's gifts was a voice habitually deep and sonorous, yet capable of becoming very low and gentle at the right moment. About his ordinary bearing there was a certain fling, a fearless expectation of success, a confidence in his own powers and integrity much fortified by contempt for petty obstacles or seductions of which he had had no experience. But this proud openness was made lovable by an expression of unaffected good-will.

fling - una aventura; arrojar, lanzar

fearless - intrépido, impávido, sin miedo

integrity - integridad

fortified - fortificado; fortalecer, panish: t-needed

obstacles - obstáculos; obstáculo, óbice, traba, estorbo

seductions - seducciones; seducción

lovable - adorable, amable

unaffected - inafectado; indiferente

Mr. Bulstrode perhaps liked him the better for the difference between them in pitch and manners; he certainly liked him the better, as Rosamond did, for being a stranger in Middlemarch. One can begin so many things with a new person!"even begin to be a better man.

pitch - plantar, armar, montar

"I shall rejoice to furnish your zeal with fuller opportunities," Mr. Bulstrode answered; "I mean, by confiding to you the superintendence of my new hospital, should a maturer knowledge favor that issue, for I am determined that so great an object shall not be shackled by our two physicians. Indeed, I am encouraged to consider your advent to this town as a gracious indication that a more manifest blessing is now to be awarded to my efforts, which have hitherto been much withstood.

rejoice - alegrarse, regocijarse

superintendence - superintendencia

maturer - más maduro; (mature) más maduro

shackled - Grillete

physicians - médicos; médico, médica, facultativo

indication - indicación

manifest - manifiesto, evidente, declaración de carga, sobordo

withstood - esistido; aguantar

With regard to the old infirmary, we have gained the initial point"I mean your election. And now I hope you will not shrink from incurring a certain amount of jealousy and dislike from your professional brethren by presenting yourself as a reformer."

initial point - punto inicial

"I will not profess bravery," said Lydgate, smiling, "but I acknowledge a good deal of pleasure in fighting, and I should not care for my profession, if I did not believe that better methods were to be found and enforced there as well as everywhere else."

bravery - valentía; valor

acknowledge - reconocer, acusar recibo

enforced - aplicada; reforzar, intensificar, imponer (1)

"The standard of that profession is low in Middlemarch, my dear sir," said the banker. "I mean in knowledge and skill; not in social status, for our medical men are most of them connected with respectable townspeople here. My own imperfect health has induced me to give some attention to those palliative resources which the divine mercy has placed within our reach.

status - situación; estado

induced - inducido; inducir

Palliative - paliativos; paliativo

mercy - misericordia, piedad

I have consulted eminent men in the metropolis, and I am painfully aware of the backwardness under which medical treatment labors in our provincial districts."

consulted - consultado; consultar

metropolis - urbe, metrópolis

districts - distritos; distrito, distrito

"Yes;"with our present medical rules and education, one must be satisfied now and then to meet with a fair practitioner. As to all the higher questions which determine the starting-point of a diagnosis"as to the philosophy of medical evidence"any glimmering of these can only come from a scientific culture of which country practitioners have usually no more notion than the man in the moon."

diagnosis - diagnóstico, diagnosis

glimmering - Resplandeciente; (glimmer); luz tenue, titileo

Mr. Bulstrode, bending and looking intently, found the form which Lydgate had given to his agreement not quite suited to his comprehension. Under such circumstances a judicious man changes the topic and enters on ground where his own gifts may be more useful.

intently - con atención; atentamente

"I am aware," he said, "that the peculiar bias of medical ability is towards material means. Nevertheless, Mr. Lydgate, I hope we shall not vary in sentiment as to a measure in which you are not likely to be actively concerned, but in which your sympathetic concurrence may be an aid to me. You recognize, I hope; the existence of spiritual interests in your patients?"

sentiment - sentimiento

"Certainly I do. But those words are apt to cover different meanings to different minds."

"Precisely. And on such subjects wrong teaching is as fatal as no teaching. Now a point which I have much at heart to secure is a new regulation as to clerical attendance at the old infirmary. The building stands in Mr. Farebrother's parish. You know Mr. Farebrother?"

fatal - fatal

regulation - reglamento, regulación

"I have seen him. He gave me his vote. I must call to thank him. He seems a very bright pleasant little fellow. And I understand he is a naturalist."

naturalist - naturalista

"Mr. Farebrother, my dear sir, is a man deeply painful to contemplate. I suppose there is not a clergyman in this country who has greater talents." Mr. Bulstrode paused and looked meditative.

"I have not yet been pained by finding any excessive talent in Middlemarch," said Lydgate, bluntly.

"What I desire," Mr. Bulstrode continued, looking still more serious, "is that Mr. Farebrother's attendance at the hospital should be superseded by the appointment of a chaplain"of Mr. Tyke, in fact"and that no other spiritual aid should be called in."

superseded - sustituido; substituir, sustituir, suplantar

chaplain - capellán

"As a medical man I could have no opinion on such a point unless I knew Mr. Tyke, and even then I should require to know the cases in which he was applied." Lydgate smiled, but he was bent on being circumspect.

circumspect - circunspecto, cauteloso, cauto, precavido

"Of course you cannot enter fully into the merits of this measure at present. But""here Mr. Bulstrode began to speak with a more chiselled emphasis""the subject is likely to be referred to the medical board of the infirmary, and what I trust I may ask of you is, that in virtue of the cooperation between us which I now look forward to, you will not, so far as you are concerned, be influenced by my opponents in this matter."

cooperation - cooperación

opponents - oponentes; oponente, antagonista, contrincante, adversario

"I hope I shall have nothing to do with clerical disputes," said Lydgate. "The path I have chosen is to work well in my own profession."

disputes - disputas; disputa, contencioso

"My responsibility, Mr. Lydgate, is of a broader kind. With me, indeed, this question is one of sacred accountableness; whereas with my opponents, I have good reason to say that it is an occasion for gratifying a spirit of worldly opposition. But I shall not therefore drop one iota of my convictions, or cease to identify myself with that truth which an evil generation hates.

broader - más amplio; ancho

accountableness - Rendición de cuentas

opposition - oposición

iota - un ápice; iota, poco

convictions - convicciones; convicción

evil - malo, malvado

I have devoted myself to this object of hospital-improvement, but I will boldly confess to you, Mr. Lydgate, that I should have no interest in hospitals if I believed that nothing more was concerned therein than the cure of mortal diseases. I have another ground of action, and in the face of persecution I will not conceal it."

devoted - Devoto

boldly - con valentía; audazmente, valientemente

Therein - En eso

mortal - mortal

Mr. Bulstrode's voice had become a loud and agitated whisper as he said the last words.

whisper - susurro, rumor, rastro, susurrar

"There we certainly differ," said Lydgate. But he was not sorry that the door was now opened, and Mr. Vincy was announced. That florid sociable personage was become more interesting to him since he had seen Rosamond. Not that, like her, he had been weaving any future in which their lots were united; but a man naturally remembers a charming girl with pleasure, and is willing to dine where he may see her again.

sociable - comerciable, gregario

weaving - tejer; tejido; (weave) tejer; tejido

charming girl - una chica encantadora

Before He took leave, Mr. Vincy had given that invitation which he had been "in no hurry about," for Rosamond at breakfast had mentioned that she thought her uncle Featherstone had taken the new doctor into great favor.

He took leave - irse de baja, despedirse

Mr. Bulstrode, alone with his brother-in-law, poured himself out a glass of water, and opened a sandwich-box.

"I cannot persuade you to adopt my regimen, Vincy?"

adopt - adoptar, ahijar

regimen - régimen

"No, no; I've no opinion of that system. Life wants padding," said Mr. Vincy, unable to omit his portable theory. "However," he went on, accenting the word, as if to dismiss all irrelevance, "what I came here to talk about was a little affair of my young scapegrace, Fred's."

omit - omitir, dejar de lado, dejarse en el tintero

Portable - portátil, portable

accenting - acentuación; acento, pronunciación

dismiss - descartar; despedir; denegar; dejar salir

"That is a subject on which you and I are likely to take quite as different views as on diet, Vincy."

"I hope not this time." (Mr. Vincy was resolved to be good-humored.) "The fact is, it's about a whim of old Featherstone's. Somebody has been cooking up a story out of spite, and telling it to the old man, to try to set him against Fred. He's very fond of Fred, and is likely to do something handsome for him; indeed he has as good as told Fred that he means to leave him his land, and that makes other people jealous."

resolved - resuelto; tomar la decisión de, resolver

whim - capricho

"Vincy, I must repeat, that you will not get any concurrence from me as to the course you have pursued with your eldest son. It was entirely from worldly vanity that you destined him for the Church: with a family of three sons and four daughters, you were not warranted in devoting money to an expensive education which has succeeded in nothing but in giving him extravagant idle habits. You are now reaping the consequences."

pursued - perseguido; perseguir, apuntar a

devoting - Devoto

extravagant - extravagante

reaping - segar, cosechar, recoger, mies

To point out other people's errors was a duty that Mr. Bulstrode rarely shrank from, but Mr. Vincy was not equally prepared to be patient. When a man has the immediate prospect of being mayor, and is ready, in the interests of commerce, to take up a firm attitude on politics generally, he has naturally a sense of his importance to the framework of things which seems to throw questions of private conduct into the background. And this particular reproof irritated him more than any other.

shrank - se encogió; contraerse, encogerse, achicarse, mermar

commerce - comercio

framework - entramado, infraestructura, marco

reproof - reprobación, reprensión

It was eminently superfluous to him to be told that he was reaping the consequences. But he felt his neck under Bulstrode's yoke; and though he usually enjoyed kicking, he was anxious to refrain from that relief.

eminently - eminentemente; sumamente

superfluous - superfluo

yoke - yugo

refrain - estribillo

"As to that, Bulstrode, It's no use going back. I'm not one of your pattern men, and I don't pretend to be. I couldn't foresee everything in the trade; there wasn't a finer business in Middlemarch than ours, and the lad was clever. My poor brother was in the Church, and would have done well"had got preferment already, but that stomach fever took him off: else he might have been a dean by this time. I think I was justified in what I tried to do for Fred. If you come to religion, it seems to me a man shouldn't want to carve out his meat to an ounce beforehand:"one must trust a little to Providence and be generous. It's a good British feeling to try and raise your family a little: in my opinion, it's a father's duty to give his sons a fine chance.

It's no use - Es inútil

wasn - Era

lad - nino, chico, mozo, mozalbete

preferment - Preferencia

dean - decano; deán

justified - justificado; legitimar, justificar, absolver

carve - Tallar; recortar

"I don't wish to act otherwise than as your best friend, Vincy, when I say that what you have been uttering just now is one mass of worldliness and inconsistent folly."

uttering - proferir; (utter) proferir

worldliness - undanidad; mundo, mundología

"Very well," said Mr. Vincy, kicking in spite of resolutions, "I never professed to be anything but worldly; and, what's more, I don't see anybody else who is not worldly. I suppose you don't conduct business on what you call unworldly principles. The only difference I see is that one worldliness is a little bit honester than another."

resolutions - resoluciones; resolución, panish: t-needed

professed - profesó; profesar

principles - principios; principio

"This kind of discussion is unfruitful, Vincy," said Mr. Bulstrode, who, finishing his sandwich, had thrown himself back in his chair, and shaded his eyes as if weary. "You had some more particular business."

unfruitful - infructuoso

shaded - sombreado; alosa, sábalo

more particular - más particular

"Yes, yes. The long and short of it is, somebody has told old Featherstone, giving you as the authority, that Fred has been borrowing or trying to borrow money on the prospect of his land. Of course you never said any such nonsense. But the old fellow will insist on it that Fred should bring him a denial in your handwriting; that is, just a bit of a note saying you don't believe a word of such stuff, either of his having borrowed or tried to borrow in such a fool's way.

denial - mentira, negación, negativa

I suppose you can have no objection to do that."

"Pardon me. I have an objection. I am by no means sure that your son, in his recklessness and ignorance"I will use no severer word"has not tried to raise money by holding out his future prospects, or even that some one may not have been foolish enough to supply him on so vague a presumption: there is plenty of such lax money-lending as of other folly in the world."

recklessness - imprudencia; descuido, negligencia, temeridad, osadía

severer - más severo; cortar, tallar

"But Fred gives me his honor that he has never borrowed money on the pretence of any understanding about his uncle's land. He is not a liar. I don't want to make him better than he is. I have blown him up well"nobody can say I wink at what he does. But he is not a liar. And I should have thought"but I may be wrong"that there was no religion to hinder a man from believing the best of a young fellow, when you don't know worse.

liar - mentiroso, mentirosa, embustero, embustera

wink at - hacer la vista gorda, guinar

It seems to me it would be a poor sort of religion to put a spoke in his wheel by refusing to say you don't believe such harm of him as you've got no good reason to believe."

"I am not at all sure that I should be befriending your son by smoothing his way to the future possession of Featherstone's property. I cannot regard wealth as a blessing to those who use it simply as a harvest for this world. You do not like to hear these things, Vincy, but on this occasion I feel called upon to tell you that I have no motive for furthering such a disposition of property as that which you refer to. I do not shrink from saying that it will not tend to your son's eternal welfare or to the glory of God. Why then should you expect me to pen this kind of affidavit, which has no object but to keep up a foolish partiality and secure a foolish bequest?

befriending - ofrecer amistad, amparar

affidavit - declaración jurada, affidávit, afidávit

partiality - parcialidad

bequest - legado

"If you mean to hinder everybody from having money but saints and evangelists, you must give up some profitable partnerships, that's all I can say," Mr. Vincy burst out very bluntly. "It may be for the glory of God, but it is not for the glory of the Middlemarch trade, that Plymdale's house uses those blue and green dyes it gets from the Brassing manufactory; they rot the silk, that's all I know about it.

Saints - santos; San, Santa, Santo

Evangelists - evangelistas; evangelista

profitable - rentable, provechoso, lucrativo, ventajoso

partnerships - asociaciones; asociación, colaboración, companía, sociedad

dyes - tintes; tenir

Brassing - Sujetadores

manufactory - fabricación

rot - podredumbre; pudrir, podrir, putrefacción, podre

silk - seda

Perhaps if other people knew so much of the profit went to the glory of God, they might like it better. But I don't mind so much about that"I could get up a pretty row, if I chose."

I don't mind - No me importa.

Mr. Bulstrode paused a little before he answered. "You pain me very much by speaking in this way, Vincy. I do not expect you to understand my grounds of action"it is not an easy thing even to thread a path for principles in the intricacies of the world"still less to make the thread clear for the careless and the scoffing. You must remember, if you please, that I stretch my tolerance towards you as my wife's brother, and that it little becomes you to complain of me as withholding material help towards the worldly position of your family.

thread - hilo, hebra, hilaza, tema, argumento, hilazón, subproceso

intricacies - omplejidades; vericuetos, entresijos, laberinto

Scoffing - Se burla; (scoff) Se burla

stretch - estirar, estirarse, dar, extenderse, estirón, estiramiento

tolerance - tolerancia

withholding - retención fiscal; (withhold); retener, negar, rehusar

I must remind you that it is not your own prudence or judgment that has enabled you to keep your place in the trade."

enabled - habilitado; habilitar, posibilitar, activar

"Very likely not; but you have been no loser by my trade yet," said Mr. Vincy, thoroughly nettled (a result which was seldom much retarded by previous resolutions). "And when you married Harriet, I don't see how you could expect that our families should not hang by the same nail. If you've changed your mind, and want my family to come down in the world, you'd better say so.

loser - perdedor, fracasado, pringado

nettled - molesto; ortiga, picar, checkirritar, checkprovocar

retarded - perecear, retrasado, retrasada

I've never changed; I'm a plain Churchman now, just as I used to be before doctrines came up. I take the world as I find it, in trade and everything else. I'm contented to be no worse than my neighbors. But if you want us to come down in the world, say so. I shall know better what to do then."

Churchman - Iglesia

"You talk unreasonably. Shall you come down in the world for want of this letter about your son?"

"Well, whether or not, I consider it very unhandsome of you to refuse it. Such doings may be lined with religion, but outside they have a nasty, dog-in-the-manger look. You might as well slander Fred: it comes pretty near to it when you refuse to say you didn't set a slander going. It's this sort of thing"this tyrannical spirit, wanting to play bishop and banker everywhere"it's this sort of thing makes a man's name stink."

unhandsome - poco guapo

manger - camarero; pesebre

Slander - calumnia, calumniar, difamar, dejar negro, pelar

tyrannical - tiránico, tirano, de ordeno y mando

stink - heder, apestar, cantar, oler a podrido (3), tufo, hedor

"Vincy, if you insist on quarrelling with me, it will be exceedingly painful to Harriet as well as myself," said Mr. Bulstrode, with a trifle more eagerness and paleness than usual.

quarrelling - Discutiendo; (quarrel) Discutiendo

trifle - baratija; sopa inglesa, pizca, nadería, nimiedad, zarandaja

paleness - pálido; palidez

"I don't want to quarrel. It's for my interest"and perhaps for yours too"that we should be friends. I bear you no grudge; I think no worse of you than I do of other people. A man who half starves himself, and goes the length in family prayers, and so on, that you do, believes in his religion whatever it may be: you could turn over your capital just as fast with cursing and swearing:"plenty of fellows do. You like to be master, There's no denying that; you must be first chop in heaven, else you won't like it much.

grudge - rencor, manía

starves - se muere de hambre; morir de hambre, hambrear

cursing - maldecir; (curs) maldecir

swearing - jurando; (swear) jurando

There's no denying - no se puede negar

chop - chuleta; cortar en trozos

But you're my sister's husband, and we ought to stick together; and if I know Harriet, she'll consider it your fault if we quarrel because you strain at a gnat in this way, and refuse to do Fred a good turn. And I don't mean to say I shall bear it well. I consider it unhandsome."

Gnat - mosquito

Mr. Vincy rose, began to button his great-coat, and looked steadily at his brother-in-law, meaning to imply a demand for a decisive answer.

steadily - De forma constante

imply - implicar, acarrear, conllevar, insinuar, dar a entender

This was not the first time that Mr.

Bulstrode had begun by admonishing Mr. Vincy, and had ended by seeing a very unsatisfactory reflection of himself in the coarse unflattering mirror which that manufacturer's mind presented to the subtler lights and shadows of his fellow-men; and perhaps his experience ought to have warned him how the scene would end. But a full-fed fountain will be generous with its waters even in the rain, when they are worse than useless; and a fine fount of admonition is apt to be equally irrepressible.

admonishing - amonitorio; amonestar, reprender

unsatisfactory - insatisfactorio

unflattering - Poco favorecedor

fellow-men - (fellow-men) prójimo

fountain - fuente, chafariz, fontana

useless - inútil, negado

It was not in Mr. Bulstrode's nature to comply directly in consequence of uncomfortable suggestions. Before changing his course, he always needed to shape his motives and bring them into accordance with his habitual standard. He said, at last"

comply - cumplir, acceder a, acatar

accordance - de acuerdo; acuerdo, conformidad, arreglo

"I will reflect a little, Vincy. I will mention the subject to Harriet. I shall probably send you a letter."

"Very well. As soon as you can, please. I hope it will all be settled before I see you to-morrow."

settled - resuelto; instalar, colocar


"Follows here the strict receipt

For that sauce to dainty meat,

dainty - delicado, manoso

Named Idleness, which many eat

idleness - ociosidad; inactividad, holganza, indolencia

By preference, and call it sweet:

First watch for morsels, like a hound

morsels - bocaditos; pizca, porción, gota

hound - sabueso; perro de caza

Mix well with buffets, stir them round

buffets - uffets; bofetada

stir - remover, revolver

With good thick oil of flatteries, And froth with mean self-lauding lies.

flatteries - lisonjas; adulación, peloteo, piropo, camelo, lisonja

froth - espuma, espumar

lauding - alabando; loar

Serve warm: the vessels you must choose

vessels - vasos; embarcación, barco, casco, recipiente, receptáculo

To keep it in are dead men's shoes."

Mr. Bulstrode's consultation of Harriet seemed to have had the effect desired by Mr. Vincy, for early the next morning a letter came which Fred could carry to Mr. Featherstone as the required testimony.

consultation - consulta

testimony - testimonio

The old gentleman was staying in bed on account of the cold weather, and as Mary Garth was not to be seen in the sitting-room, Fred went up-stairs immediately and presented the letter to his uncle, who, propped up comfortably on a bed-rest, was not less able than usual to enjoy his consciousness of wisdom in distrusting and frustrating mankind.

propped - apoyado; puntal

bed-rest - (bed-rest) Reposo en cama

distrusting - desconfianza, recelo, desconfiar

frustrating - frustrante; frustrar

He put on his spectacles to read the letter, pursing up his lips and drawing down their corners.

spectacles - gafas; espectáculo, papelón

pursing - Pers

"Under the circumstances I will not decline to state my conviction"tchah! what fine words the fellow puts! He's as fine as an auctioneer"that your son Frederic has not obtained any advance of money on bequests promised by Mr. Featherstone"promised? who said I had ever promised? I promise nothing"I shall make codicils as long as I like"and that considering the nature of such a proceeding, it is unreasonable to presume that a young man of sense and character would attempt it"ah, but the gentleman doesn't say you are a young man of sense and character, mark you that, sir!"As to my own concern with any report of such a nature, I distinctly affirm that I never made any statement to the effect that your son had borrowed money on any property that might accrue to him on Mr. Featherstone's demise"Bless my heart! ˜property'"accrue"demise! Lawyer Standish is nothing to him.

auctioneer - pregonero, subastador, rematador, rematar, subastar

bequests - egados; legado

unreasonable - no es razonable; irrazonable

concern - preocupación, referirse a, ataner, concernir, tocar, preocupar

affirm - afirmar

accrue - acrecentar, acumular, aumentar, devengar, adquirir

demise - transferencia, defunción, óbito, desaparición, caída, quiebra

Bless my heart - Bendito sea mi corazón

He couldn't speak finer if he wanted to borrow. Well," Mr. Featherstone here looked over his spectacles at Fred, while he handed back the letter to him with a contemptuous gesture, "you don't suppose I believe a thing because Bulstrode writes it out fine, eh?"

gesture - gesto, ademán, detalle, atención

Fred colored. "You wished to have the letter, sir. I should think it very likely that Mr. Bulstrode's denial is as good as the authority which told you what he denies."

denies - niega; negar

"Every bit. I never said I believed either one or the other. And now what d'you expect?" said Mr. Featherstone, curtly, keeping on his spectacles, but withdrawing his hands under his wraps.

keeping on - seguir

withdrawing - retirarse; retirar(se)

"I expect nothing, sir." Fred with difficulty restrained himself from venting his irritation. "I came to bring you the letter. If you like I will bid you good morning."

restrained - retenido; refrenar(se), contenerse

venting - Ventilación; (vent) Ventilación

bid - ofertar; pujar, hacer una oferta

"Not yet, not yet. Ring the bell; I want missy to come."

It was a servant who came in answer to the bell.

"Tell missy to come!" said Mr. Featherstone, impatiently. "What business had she to go away?" He spoke in the same tone when Mary came.

impatiently - impacientemente

"Why couldn't you sit still here till I told you to go? I want my waistcoat now. I told you always to put it on the bed."

waistcoat - chaleco, chalequillo

Mary's eyes looked rather red, as if she had been crying. It was clear that Mr. Featherstone was in one of his most snappish humors this morning, and though Fred had now the prospect of receiving the much-needed present of money, he would have preferred being free to turn round on the old tyrant and tell him that Mary Garth was too good to be at his beck.

tyrant - tirano

beck - a disposición de

Though Fred had risen as she entered the room, she had barely noticed him, and looked as if her nerves were quivering with the expectation that something would be thrown at her. But she never had anything worse than words to dread. When she went to reach the waistcoat from a peg, Fred went up to her and said, "Allow me."

quivering - tiembla; estremecer(se)

peg - clavija, tarugo, colgador, perchero, gancho, fijar, tachar

"Let it alone! You bring it, missy, and lay it down here," said Mr. Featherstone. "Now you go away again till I call you," he added, when the waistcoat was laid down by him. It was usual with him to season his pleasure in showing favor to one person by being especially disagreeable to another, and Mary was always at hand to furnish the condiment.

condiment - condimento

When his own relatives came she was treated better. Slowly he took out a bunch of keys from the waistcoat pocket, and slowly he drew forth a tin box which was under the bed-clothes.

"You expect I am going to give you a little fortune, eh?" he said, looking above his spectacles and pausing in the act of opening the lid.

pausing - Pausa; (pause); receso, checkdescanso, pausar, interrumpir

lid - tapa

The deep-veined hands fingered many bank-notes one after the other, laying them down flat again, while Fred leaned back in his chair, scorning to look eager. He held himself to be a gentleman at heart, and did not like courting an old fellow for his money. At last, Mr.

veined - eteado; vena

scorning - desprecio; (scorn); despreciar, desdenar, menospreciar

Featherstone eyed him again over his spectacles and presented him with a little sheaf of notes: Fred could see distinctly that there were but five, as the less significant edges gaped towards him. But then, each might mean fifty pounds. He took them, saying"

sheaf - gavilla; haz, atado, atada, mies

"I am very much obliged to you, sir," and was going to roll them up without seeming to think of their value. But this did not suit Mr. Featherstone, who was eying him intently.

"Come, don't you think it worth your while to count 'em? You take money like a lord; I suppose you lose it like one."

"I thought I was not to look a gift-horse in the mouth, sir. But I shall be very happy to count them."

Fred was not so happy, however, after he had counted them. For they actually presented the absurdity of being less than his hopefulness had decided that they must be. What can the fitness of things mean, if not their fitness to a man's expectations? Failing this, absurdity and atheism gape behind him.

absurdity - absurdo, absurdidad

atheism - ateísmo

gape - grabape; boquear, abrirse

The collapse for Fred was severe when he found that he held no more than five twenties, and his share in the higher education of this country did not seem to help him. Nevertheless he said, with rapid changes in his fair complexion"

collapse - derrumbarse, desplomarse, colapsar, colapso, desplome

"It is very handsome of you, sir."

"I should think it is," said Mr. Featherstone, locking his box and replacing it, then taking off his spectacles deliberately, and at length, as if his inward meditation had more deeply convinced him, repeating, "I should think it handsome."

"I assure you, sir, I am very grateful," said Fred, who had had time to recover his cheerful air.

"So you ought to be. You want to cut a figure in the world, and I reckon Peter Featherstone is the only one you've got to trust to." Here the old man's eyes gleamed with a curiously mingled satisfaction in the consciousness that this smart young fellow relied upon him, and that the smart young fellow was rather a fool for doing so.

gleamed - brillaba; relucir, brillar, destellar

relied - remitido; contar con, atenerse

"Yes, indeed: I was not born to very splendid chances. Few men have been more cramped than I have been," said Fred, with some sense of surprise at his own virtue, considering how hardly he was dealt with. "It really seems a little too bad to have to ride a broken-winded hunter, and see men, who, are not half such good judges as yourself, able to throw away any amount of money on buying bad bargains."

splendid - espléndido

cramped - estrecho; calambre, rampa, acalambrarse, coartar, inmovilizar

winded - sin aliento

Hunter - cazador, perro de caza, buscador, buscadora

bargains - gangas; trato, ganga, bicoca, chollo, regatear

"Well, you can buy yourself a fine hunter now. Eighty pound is enough for that, I reckon"and you'll have twenty pound over to get yourself out of any little scrape," said Mr. Featherstone, chuckling slightly.

chuckling - Risas; (chuckle) Risas

"You are very good, sir," said Fred, with a fine sense of contrast between the words and his feeling.

"Ay, rather a better uncle than your fine uncle Bulstrode. You won't get much out of his spekilations, I think. He's got a pretty strong string round your father's leg, by what I hear, eh?"

spekilations - habla

"My father never tells me anything about his affairs, sir."

"Well, he shows some sense there. But other people find 'em out without his telling. He'll never have much to leave you: he'll most-like die without a will"he's the sort of man to do it"let 'em make him mayor of Middlemarch as much as they like. But you won't get much by his dying without a will, though you are the eldest son."

Fred thought that Mr. Featherstone had never been so disagreeable before. True, he had never before given him quite so much money at once.

"Shall I destroy this letter of Mr. Bulstrode's, sir?" said Fred, rising with the letter as if he would put it in the fire.

"Ay, ay, I don't want it. It's worth no money to me."

Fred carried the letter to the fire, and thrust the poker through it with much zest. He longed to get out of the room, but he was a little ashamed before his inner self, as well as before his uncle, to run away immediately after pocketing the money. Presently, the farm-bailiff came up to give his master a report, and Fred, to his unspeakable relief, was dismissed with the injunction to come again soon.

poker - póquer

zest - entusiasmo, brío, ralladura, cáscara

bailiff - alguacil

dismissed - despedido; despedir, echar, disipar, rechazar, expulsar

injunction - mandamiento judicial; requerimiento, medidas cautelares

He had longed not only to be set free from his uncle, but also to find Mary Garth. She was now in her usual place by the fire, with sewing in her hands and a book open on the little table by her side. Her eyelids had lost some of their redness now, and she had her usual air of self-command.

sewing - Coser; (sew) Coser

redness - enrojecimiento; rojez

"Am I wanted up-stairs?" she said, half rising as Fred entered.

"No; I am only dismissed, because Simmons is gone up."

Mary sat down again, and resumed her work. She was certainly treating him with more indifference than usual: she did not know how affectionately indignant he had felt on her behalf up-stairs.

affectionately - carinosamente; afectuosamente

indignant - indignada; indignado

"May I stay here a little, Mary, or shall I bore you?"

"Pray sit down," said Mary; "you will not be so heavy a bore as Mr. John Waule, who was here yesterday, and he sat down without asking my leave."

"Poor fellow! I think he is in love with you."

"I am not aware of it. And to me it is one of the most odious things in a girl's life, that there must always be some supposition of falling in love coming between her and any man who is kind to her, and to whom she is grateful. I should have thought that I, at least, might have been safe from all that. I have no ground for the nonsensical vanity of fancying everybody who comes near me is in love with me."

supposition - suposición

Mary did not mean to betray any feeling, but in spite of herself she ended in a tremulous tone of vexation.

tremulous - tembloroso; trémulo

"Confound John Waule! I did not mean to make you angry. I didn't know you had any reason for being grateful to me. I forgot what a great service you think it if any one snuffs a candle for you." Fred also had his pride, and was not going to show that he knew what had called forth this outburst of Mary's.

Confound - confundir, empeorar

snuffs - tabaco; rapé

candle - una vela; vela, candela, cirio

outburst - explosión; arranque, arrebato, arrechucho

"Oh, I am not angry, except with the ways of the world. I do like to be spoken to as if I had common-sense. I really often feel as if I could understand a little more than I ever hear even from young gentlemen who have been to college." Mary had recovered, and she spoke with a suppressed rippling under-current of laughter pleasant to hear.

suppressed - suprimido; reprimar, contener, ocultar, suprimir

rippling - ndulación; (ripple) ndulación

"I don't care how merry you are at my expense this morning," said Fred, "I thought you looked so sad when you came up-stairs. It is a shame you should stay here to be bullied in that way."

bullied - cosado; bravucón, abusón, matón, abusador

"Oh, I have an easy life"by comparison. I have tried being a teacher, and I am not fit for that: my mind is too fond of wandering on its own way. I think any hardship is better than pretending to do what one is paid for, and never really doing it.

hardship - dificultades; sufrimientos, apuro, penalidades

Everything here I can do as well as any one else could; perhaps better than some"Rosy, for example. Though she is just the sort of beautiful creature that is imprisoned with ogres in fairy tales."

imprisoned - encarcelado; encarcelar, aprisionar

ogres - Ogros; (ogre); ogro

fairy - hada, marica, mujercita

tales - cuentos; historia, relato

"Rosy!" cried Fred, in a tone of profound brotherly scepticism.

brotherly - fraternal, fraterno

scepticism - escepticismo

"Come, Fred!" said Mary, emphatically; "you have no right to be so critical."

"Do you mean anything particular"just now?"

"No, I mean something general"always."

"Oh, that I am idle and extravagant. Well, I am not fit to be a poor man. I should not have made a bad fellow if I had been rich."

"You would have done your duty in that state of life to which it has not pleased God to call you," said Mary, laughing.

"Well, I couldn't do my duty as a clergyman, any more than you could do yours as a governess. You ought to have a little fellow-feeling there, Mary."

"I never said you ought to be a clergyman. There are other sorts of work. It seems to me very miserable not to resolve on some course and act accordingly."

"So I could, if"" Fred broke off, and stood up, leaning against the mantel-piece.

leaning - Inclinado; (lean) Inclinado

"If you were sure you should not have a fortune?"

"I did not say that. You want to quarrel with me. It is too bad of you to be guided by what other people say about me."

"How can I want to quarrel with you? I should be quarrelling with all my new books," said Mary, lifting the volume on the table. "However naughty you may be to other people, you are good to me."

"Because I like you better than any one else. But I know you despise me."

despise - despreciar; desdenar

"Yes, I do"a little," said Mary, nodding, with a smile.

"You would admire a stupendous fellow, who would have wise opinions about everything."

stupendous - estupendo

"Yes, I should." Mary was sewing swiftly, and seemed provokingly mistress of the situation. When a conversation has taken a wrong turn for us, we only get farther and farther into the swamp of awkwardness. This was what Fred Vincy felt.

provokingly - provocadoramente

swamp - embalsadero, pantano, ciénaga, embalse

"I suppose a woman is never in love with any one she has always known"ever since she can remember; as a man often is. It is always some new fellow who strikes a girl."

strikes - huelgas; tachar, borrar, golpear, pegar, acunar

"Let me see," said Mary, the corners of her mouth curling archly; "I must go back on my experience. There is Juliet"she seems an example of what you say. But then Ophelia had probably known Hamlet a long while; and Brenda Troil"she had known Mordaunt Merton ever since they were children; but then he seems to have been an estimable young man; and Minna was still more deeply in love with Cleveland, who was a stranger.

archly - arco; maliciosamente

hamlet - aldehuela, caserío, aldea, villar

estimable - es estimable

Cleveland - Cleveland

Waverley was new to Flora MacIvor; but then she did not fall in love with him. And there are Olivia and Sophia Primrose, and Corinne"they may be said to have fallen in love with new men. Altogether, my experience is rather mixed."

Flora - flora

Primrose - primavera

Mary looked up with some roguishness at Fred, and that look of hers was very dear to him, though the eyes were nothing more than clear windows where observation sat laughingly. He was certainly an affectionate fellow, and as he had grown from boy to man, he had grown in love with his old playmate, notwithstanding that share in the higher education of the country which had exalted his views of rank and income.

roguishness - Pícaro

playmate - companero de juegos; panish: t-needed

"When a man is not loved, it is no use for him to say that he could be a better fellow"could do anything"I mean, if he were sure of being loved in return."

"Not of the least use in the world for him to say he could be better. Might, could, would"they are contemptible auxiliaries."

contemptible - despreciable, menospreciable, desdenable, rastrero

auxiliaries - auxiliares; auxiliar, auxiliar, ayudante

"I don't see how a man is to be good for much unless he has some one woman to love him dearly."

"I think the goodness should come before he expects that."

"You know better, Mary. Women don't love men for their goodness."

"Perhaps not. But if they love them, they never think them bad."

"It is hardly fair to say I am bad."

"I said nothing at all about you."

"I never shall be good for anything, Mary, if you will not say that you love me"if you will not promise to marry me"I mean, when I am able to marry."

"If I did love you, I would not marry you: I would certainly not promise ever to marry you."

"I think that is quite wicked, Mary. If you love me, you ought to promise to marry me."

"On the contrary, I think it would be wicked in me to marry you even if I did love you."

"You mean, just as I am, without any means of maintaining a wife. Of course: I am but three-and-twenty."

maintaining - manteniendo; mantener, sostener

"In that last point you will alter. But I am not so sure of any other alteration. My father says an idle man ought not to exist, much less, be married."

"Then I am to blow my brains out?"

"No; on the whole I should think you would do better to pass your examination. I have heard Mr. Farebrother say it is disgracefully easy."

examination - examen, examinación

disgracefully - Desgraciadamente

"That is all very fine. Anything is easy to him. Not that cleverness has anything to do with it. I am ten times cleverer than many men who pass."

"Dear me!" said Mary, unable to repress her sarcasm; "that accounts for the curates like Mr. Crowse. Divide your cleverness by ten, and the quotient"dear me!"is able to take a degree. But that only shows you are ten times more idle than the others."

repress - reprimir

sarcasm - sarcasmo

curates - cura

quotient - cociente

"Well, if I did pass, you would not want me to go into the Church?"

"That is not the question"what I want you to do. You have a conscience of your own, I suppose. There! there is Mr. Lydgate. I must go and tell my uncle."

"Mary," said Fred, seizing her hand as she rose; "if you will not give me some encouragement, I shall get worse instead of better."

seizing - incautando; (seize); agarrar, apoderarse de, apresar, aferrar

"I will not give you any encouragement," said Mary, reddening. "Your friends would dislike it, and so would mine. My father would think it a disgrace to me if I accepted a man who got into debt, and would not work!"

disgrace - desgracia, baldón, deshonrar

Fred was stung, and released her hand. She walked to the door, but there she turned and said: "Fred, you have always been so good, so generous to me. I am not ungrateful. But never speak to me in that way again."

stung - picado; aguijón

"Very well," said Fred, sulkily, taking up his hat and whip. His complexion showed patches of pale pink and dead white. Like many a plucked idle young gentleman, he was thoroughly in love, and with a plain girl, who had no money! But having Mr. Featherstone's land in the background, and a persuasion that, let Mary say what she would, she really did care for him, Fred was not utterly in despair.

patches - parches; remiendo, parche

plucked - desplumado; herir, desplumar, perseverancia

When he got home, he gave four of the twenties to his mother, asking her to keep them for him. "I don't want to spend that money, mother. I want it to pay a debt with. So keep it safe away from my fingers."

"Bless you, my dear," said Mrs. Vincy.

She doted on her eldest son and her youngest girl (a child of six), whom others thought her two naughtiest children. The mother's eyes are not always deceived in their partiality: she at least can best judge who is the tender, filial-hearted child. And Fred was certainly very fond of his mother. Perhaps it was his fondness for another person also that made him particularly anxious to take some security against his own liability to spend the hundred pounds. For the creditor to whom he owed a hundred and sixty held a firmer security in the shape of a bill signed by Mary's father.

doted - doted; amoroso

naughtiest - el más travieso; cachondo, travieso, maleducado, obsceno

filial - filial

fondness - carino; apego, querencia

creditor - acreedor, acreedora

owed - debido; deber, adeudar, estar en deuda

firmer - Más firme; (firm) Más firme


"Black eyes you have left, you say,

Blue eyes fail to draw you;

Yet you seem more rapt to-day,

rapt - extasiado; absorto, embelesado

Than of old we saw you.

"Oh, I track the fairest fair

Through new haunts of pleasure;

haunts - recuerdos; frecuentar, espantar, desasosegar, inquietar

Footprints here and echoes there

footprints - huellas; pisada, huella, pasos

Echoes - ecos; eco, repercutir, repetir, hacer eco

Guide me to my treasure:

treasure - tesoro, atesorar

"Lo! she turns"immortal youth

Wrought to mortal stature,

Fresh as starlight's aged truth"

Many-namèd Nature!"

A great historian, as he insisted on calling himself, who had the happiness to be dead a hundred and twenty years ago, and so to take his place among the colossi whose huge legs our living pettiness is observed to walk under, glories in his copious remarks and digressions as the least imitable part of his work, and especially in those initial chapters to the successive books of his history, where he seems to bring his armchair to the proscenium and chat with us in all the lusty ease of his fine English. But Fielding lived when the days were longer (for time, like money, is measured by our needs), when summer afternoons were spacious, and the clock ticked slowly in the winter evenings.

colossi - colosos; coloso

pettiness - mezquindad

digressions - digresiones; digresión, divagación

initial - inicial, iniciales

successive - sucesivo

armchair - poltrona, sillón, butaca, de sillón, de salón

proscenium - procenium; proscenio

lusty - Lujurioso

spacious - espacioso, desahogado, amplio

ticked - molesto; tictac

We belated historians must not linger after his example; and if we did so, it is probable that our chat would be thin and eager, as if delivered from a campstool in a parrot-house. I at least have so much to do in unraveling certain human lots, and seeing how they were woven and interwoven, that all the light I can command must be concentrated on this particular web, and not dispersed over that tempting range of relevancies called the universe.

belated - Tarde

historians - historiadores; historiador, historiadora

linger - permanecer, demorar, persistir, perdurar, pervivir

campstool - campamento

parrot - papagayo, loro, cotorra

unraveling - desenredando; desenmaranar, desenredar, deshilar

interwoven - entrelazados; entretejer, entrelazar

tempting - tentador; (tempt); tentar

At present I have to make the new settler Lydgate better known to any one interested in him than he could possibly be even to those who had seen the most of him since his arrival in Middlemarch. For surely all must admit that a man may be puffed and belauded, envied, ridiculed, counted upon as a tool and fallen in love with, or at least selected as a future husband, and yet remain virtually unknown"known merely as a cluster of signs for his neighbors'false suppositions. There was a general impression, however, that Lydgate was not altogether a common country doctor, and in Middlemarch at that time such an impression was significant of great things being expected from him. For everybody's family doctor was remarkably clever, and was understood to have immeasurable skill in the management and training of the most skittish or vicious diseases. The evidence of his cleverness was of the higher intuitive order, lying in his lady-patients'immovable conviction, and was unassailable by any objection except that their intuitions were opposed by others equally strong; each lady who saw medical truth in Wrench and "the strengthening treatment" regarding Toller and "the lowering system" as medical perdition. For the heroic times of copious bleeding and blistering had not yet departed, still less the times of thorough-going theory, when disease in general was called by some bad name, and treated accordingly without shilly-shally"as if, for example, it were to be called insurrection, which must not be fired on with blank-cartridge, but have its blood drawn at once.

settler - colono, colona, colonizador, colonizadora

puffed - inflado; soplo, racha, ráfaga; bocanada

envied - envidiado; envidia, pelusa, envidiar

ridiculed - idiculizado; ridiculizar, poner en ridículo

selected - seleccionado; selecto, seleccionar

virtually - prácticamente

suppositions - suposiciones; suposición

family doctor - médico de cabecera

immeasurable - inconmensurable; inmedible

skittish - esquiva; temeroso, tímido, caprichoso, voluble

vicious - panish: t-needed

intuitive - intuitivo

immovable - inmovible, inamovible

unassailable - inatacable; inexpugnable, incontestable

intuitions - intuiciones; intuición

opposed - oponerse; oponer

regarding - con respecto a; considerar

perdition - perdición, infierno

bleeding - sangrado, hemorragia; (bleed); sangrar, desangrar, purgar

blistering - mpollas; ampolla, ámpula, ampollar

departed - se ha ido; irse, salir, partir, panish:

thorough - completo; minucioso, exhaustivo

shilly - Tímido

insurrection - insurrección

blank-cartridge - (blank-cartridge) cartucho vacío

The strengtheners and the lowerers were all "clever" men in somebody's opinion, which is really as much as can be said for any living talents. Nobody's imagination had gone so far as to conjecture that Mr. Lydgate could know as much as Dr. Sprague and Dr. Minchin, the two physicians, who alone could offer any hope when danger was extreme, and when the smallest hope was worth a guinea. Still, I repeat, there was a general impression that Lydgate was something rather more uncommon than any general practitioner in Middlemarch. And this was true. He was but seven-and-twenty, an age at which many men are not quite common"at which they are hopeful of achievement, resolute in avoidance, thinking that Mammon shall never put a bit in their mouths and get astride their backs, but rather that Mammon, if they have anything to do with him, shall draw their chariot.

strengtheners - fortalecedor

lowerers - Más bajos

uncommon - incomún; raro, poco común, extrano, poco frecuente

general practitioner - médico de cabecera

resolute - decidido; resoluto

avoidance - evitación, anulación, evasión, abstinencia

Mammon - Mamón

astride - a horcajadas

chariot - carroza; quadriga, biga, carro

He had been left an orphan when he was fresh from a public school. His father, a military man, had made but little provision for three children, and when the boy Tertius asked to have a medical education, it seemed easier to his guardians to grant his request by apprenticing him to a country practitioner than to make any objections on the score of family dignity. He was one of the rarer lads who early get a decided bent and make up their minds that there is something particular in life which they would like to do for its own sake, and not because their fathers did it. Most of us who turn to any subject with love remember some morning or evening hour when we got on a high stool to reach down an untried volume, or sat with parted lips listening to a new talker, or for very lack of books began to listen to the voices within, as the first traceable beginning of our love. Something of that sort happened to Lydgate. He was a quick fellow, and when hot from play, would toss himself in a corner, and in five minutes be deep in any sort of book that he could lay his hands on: if it were Rasselas or Gulliver, so much the better, but Bailey's Dictionary would do, or the Bible with the Apocrypha in it. Something he must read, when he was not riding the pony, or running and hunting, or listening to the talk of men. All this was true of him at ten years of age; he had then read through "Chrysal, or the Adventures of a Guinea," which was neither milk for babes, nor any chalky mixture meant to pass for milk, and it had already occurred to him that books were stuff, and that life was stupid. His school studies had not much modified that opinion, for though he "did" his classics and mathematics, he was not pre-eminent in them. It was said of him, that Lydgate could do anything he liked, but he had certainly not yet liked to do anything remarkable. He was a vigorous animal with a ready understanding, but no spark had yet kindled in him an intellectual passion; knowledge seemed to him a very superficial affair, easily mastered: judging from the conversation of his elders, he had apparently got already more than was necessary for mature life.

orphan - huérfano, huérfana

military - militar, ejército

provision - provisión, aprovisionar, avituallar

guardians - guardianes; guardián, guardia, apoderado, tutor, custodio, jefe

Grant - otorgar, conceder, subvención, beca, patrocinio

apprenticing - aprendizaje; aprendiz, panish: colocar de aprendiz

lads - chicos; nino, chico, mozo, mozalbete

untried - Sin probar

talker - Hablador

Apocrypha - apócrifos; apócrifo; (apocryphon) apócrifos; apócrifo

chalky - calcáreo

modified - modificado; modificar

vigorous - vigoroso

spark - chispa

kindled - encendido; encender

intellectual - intelectual

elders - ancianos; mayor

mature - maduro

Probably this was not an exceptional result of expensive teaching at that period of short-waisted coats, and other fashions which have not yet recurred. But, one vacation, a wet day sent him to the small home library to hunt once more for a book which might have some freshness for him: in vain! unless, indeed, he took down a dusty row of volumes with gray-paper backs and dingy labels"the volumes of an old Cyclopaedia which he had never disturbed. It would at least be a novelty to disturb them. They were on the highest shelf, and he stood on a chair to get them down. But he opened the volume which he first took from the shelf: somehow, one is apt to read in a makeshift attitude, just where it might seem inconvenient to do so. The page he opened on was under the head of Anatomy, and the first passage that drew his eyes was on the valves of the heart. He was not much acquainted with valves of any sort, but he knew that valvae were folding-doors, and through this crevice came a sudden light startling him with his first vivid notion of finely adjusted mechanism in the human frame. A liberal education had of course left him free to read the indecent passages in the school classics, but beyond a general sense of secrecy and obscenity in connection with his internal structure, had left his imagination quite unbiassed, so that for anything he knew his brains lay in small bags at his temples, and he had no more thought of representing to himself how his blood circulated than how paper served instead of gold. But the moment of vocation had come, and before he got down from his chair, the world was made new to him by a presentiment of endless processes filling the vast spaces planked out of his sight by that wordy ignorance which he had supposed to be knowledge. From that hour Lydgate felt the growth of an intellectual passion.

waisted - en cintura; cintura

freshness - frescura, frescor

dusty - polvoriento

dingy - mugriento; sucio, sórdido

Cyclopaedia - Ciclopedia

disturbed - molesto; perturbar, molestar

makeshift - Imprevisible

valves - válvulas; válvula, llave

folding-doors - (folding-doors) puertas plegables

mechanism - mecanismo

secrecy - secreto, sigilo, secretismo

obscenity - obscenidad

internal - interno, interior

unbiassed - Sin prejuicios

temples - templos; templo

circulated - distribuido; circular

planked - tablado; tablón, artículo, entablar

We are not afraid of telling over and over again how a man comes to fall in love with a woman and be wedded to her, or else be fatally parted from her. Is it due to excess of poetry or of stupidity that we are never weary of describing what King James called a woman's "makdom and her fairnesse," never weary of listening to the twanging of the old Troubadour strings, and are comparatively uninterested in that other kind of "makdom and fairnesse" which must be wooed with industrious thought and patient renunciation of small desires? In the story of this passion, too, the development varies: sometimes it is the glorious marriage, sometimes frustration and final parting. And not seldom the catastrophe is bound up with the other passion, sung by the Troubadours. For in the multitude of middle-aged men who go about their vocations in a daily course determined for them much in the same way as the tie of their cravats, there is always a good number who once meant to shape their own deeds and alter the world a little.

excess - exceso, deducible, franquicia, excesivo

fairnesse - equidad

twanging - Girando; (twang) Girando

comparatively - comparativamente

uninterested - desinterés

wooed - cortejado; cortejar

industrious - empleado; aplicado, trabajador, laborioso, empenoso

desires - deseos; desear, deseo, gana

varies - varía; variar

frustration - frustración

catastrophe - una catástrofe; catástrofe

Troubadours - trovadores; trovador, trovadora

multitude - multitud

vocations - vocaciones; vocación, profesión

cravats - corbatas; mascada

The story of their coming to be shapen after the average and fit to be packed by the gross, is hardly ever told even in their consciousness; for perhaps their ardor in generous unpaid toil cooled as imperceptibly as the ardor of other youthful loves, till one day their earlier self walked like a ghost in its old home and made the new furniture ghastly. Nothing in the world more subtle than the process of their gradual change! In the beginning they inhaled it unknowingly: you and I may have sent some of our breath towards infecting them, when we uttered our conforming falsities or drew our silly conclusions: or perhaps it came with the vibrations from a woman's glance.

shapen - Formen

Gross - asqueroso; repulsivo, gruesa, bruto

unpaid - Sin pagar

imperceptibly - imperceptiblemente

ghastly - fantasmal, cadavérico, espantoso, horripilante, malísimo

gradual - gradual, paulatino

inhaled - inhalado; inhalar, alentar, aspirar, inspirar

infecting - infectar, contagiar, alborotar

vibrations - vibraciones; vibración

Lydgate did not mean to be one of those failures, and there was the better hope of him because his scientific interest soon took the form of a professional enthusiasm: he had a youthful belief in his bread-winning work, not to be stifled by that initiation in makeshift called his 'prentice days; and he carried to his studies in London, Edinburgh, and Paris, the conviction that the medical profession as it might be was the finest in the world; presenting the most perfect interchange between science and art; offering the most direct alliance between intellectual conquest and the social good.

failures - fracasos; fallo, fracaso, fiasco, fracasado, avería

Edinburgh - Edimburgo

medical profession - la profesión médica

most perfect - el más perfecto

interchange - intercambiar, reemplazar, intercambio, intercambios, transbordo

offering - ofrenda; ofrecimiento; (offer) ofrenda; ofrecimiento

alliance - alianza

conquest - conquista

Lydgate's nature demanded this combination: he was an emotional creature, with a flesh-and-blood sense of fellowship which withstood all the abstractions of special study. He cared not only for "cases," but for John and Elizabeth, especially Elizabeth.

emotional - emocional, emotivo

abstractions - abstracciones; abstracción

There was another attraction in his profession: it wanted reform, and gave a man an opportunity for some indignant resolve to reject its venal decorations and other humbug, and to be the possessor of genuine though undemanded qualifications. He went to study in Paris with the determination that when he came home again he would settle in some provincial town as a general practitioner, and resist the irrational severance between medical and surgical knowledge in the interest of his own scientific pursuits, as well as of the general advance: he would keep away from the range of London intrigues, jealousies, and social truckling, and win celebrity, however slowly, as Jenner had done, by the independent value of his work. For it must be remembered that this was a dark period; and in spite of venerable colleges which used great efforts to secure purity of knowledge by making it scarce, and to exclude error by a rigid exclusiveness in relation to fees and appointments, it happened that very ignorant young gentlemen were promoted in town, and many more got a legal right to practise over large areas in the country. Also, the high standard held up to the public mind by the College of Physicians, which gave its peculiar sanction to the expensive and highly rarefied medical instruction obtained by graduates of Oxford and Cambridge, did not hinder quackery from having an excellent time of it; for since professional practice chiefly consisted in giving a great many drugs, the public inferred that it might be better off with more drugs still, if they could only be got cheaply, and hence swallowed large cubic measures of physic prescribed by unscrupulous ignorance which had taken no degrees.

decorations - decoración, condecoración

humbug - tonterías; farsa, disparate, tontería, bobería, fraude

possessor - poseedor; posesor

genuine - genuino, auténtico, legítimo, verdadero

undemanded - Sin exigencias

resist - resistir, panish: t-needed

irrational - irracional

surgical - quirúrgico

pursuits - persecuciones; persecución

keep away - mantenerse alejado

intrigues - intrigas; intriga, argumento, intrigar

jealousies - celo, celos, envidia

truckling - Camionero; (truckle) Camionero

venerable - venerable

scarce - escaso

exclude - excluir

rigid - rígido

exclusiveness - exclusividad

fees - cuotas; honorario, tarifa, cuota

sanction - autorización, aprobación, decreto, sanción, ratificar

rarefied - enrarecido; rarificar

Oxford - Oxford

cubic - Cúbico

unscrupulous - sin escrúpulos; inescrupuloso, desaprensivo

Considering that statistics had not yet embraced a calculation as to the number of ignorant or canting doctors which absolutely must exist in the teeth of all changes, it seemed to Lydgate that a change in the units was the most direct mode of changing the numbers. He meant to be a unit who would make a certain amount of difference towards that spreading change which would one day tell appreciably upon the averages, and in the mean time have the pleasure of making an advantageous difference to the viscera of his own patients. But he did not simply aim at a more genuine kind of practice than was common. He was ambitious of a wider effect: he was fired with the possibility that he might work out the proof of an anatomical conception and make a link in the chain of discovery.

embraced - abrazado; abrazar, abrazo

calculation - cálculo, cálculo, cómputo, conjetura

advantageous - ventajoso, provechoso, beneficioso

viscera - vísceras; víscera

anatomical - anatómico

Does it seem incongruous to you that a Middlemarch surgeon should dream of himself as a discoverer? Most of us, indeed, know little of the great originators until they have been lifted up among the constellations and already rule our fates. But that Herschel, for example, who "broke the barriers of the heavens""did he not once play a provincial church-organ, and give music-lessons to stumbling pianists? Each of those Shining Ones had to walk on the earth among neighbors who perhaps thought much more of his gait and his garments than of anything which was to give him a title to everlasting fame: each of them had his little local personal history sprinkled with small temptations and sordid cares, which made the retarding friction of his course towards final companionship with the immortals. Lydgate was not blind to the dangers of such friction, but he had plenty of confidence in his resolution to avoid it as far as possible: being seven-and-twenty, he felt himself experienced. And he was not going to have his vanities provoked by contact with the showy worldly successes of the capital, but to live among people who could hold no rivalry with that pursuit of a great idea which was to be a twin object with the assiduous practice of his profession. There was fascination in the hope that the two purposes would illuminate each other: the careful observation and inference which was his daily work, the use of the lens to further his judgment in special cases, would further his thought as an instrument of larger inquiry.

incongruous - incongruente

Discoverer - descubridor

constellations - onstelaciones; constelación

fates - destinos; destino, azar

barriers - obstáculos; barrera, límite

heavens - cielos; cielo, firmamento, paraíso

stumbling - tropezando; tropezón, traspié, desliz, torpeza, tropiezo

pianists - pianistas; pianista

everlasting - perpetua; inmarcesible

sprinkled - rociado; salpicar, rociar, asperjar, espolvorear

retarding - retardante; perecear, retrasado, retrasada

friction - fricción

immortals - inmortales; inmortal, inmortal

vanities - vanidades; vanidad

showy - vistoso; ostentoso, jactancioso, aparatoso, fardón

rivalry - rivalidad

assiduous - asiduo, diligente

inference - inferencia, ilación

special cases - casos especiales

Was not this the typical pre-eminence of his profession? He would be a good Middlemarch doctor, and by that very means keep himself in the track of far-reaching investigation. On one point he may fairly claim approval at this particular stage of his career: he did not mean to imitate those philanthropic models who make a profit out of poisonous pickles to support themselves while they are exposing adulteration, or hold shares in a gambling-hell that they may have leisure to represent the cause of public morality. He intended to begin in his own case some particular reforms which were quite certainly within his reach, and much less of a problem than the demonstrating of an anatomical conception. One of these reforms was to act stoutly on the strength of a recent legal decision, and simply prescribe, without dispensing drugs or taking percentage from druggists. This was an innovation for one who had chosen to adopt the style of general practitioner in a country town, and would be felt as offensive criticism by his professional brethren. But Lydgate meant to innovate in his treatment also, and he was wise enough to see that the best security for his practising honestly according to his belief was to get rid of systematic temptations to the contrary.

eminence - eminencia, prócer

investigation - investigación

imitate - imitar

pickles - encurtidos; encurtido

exposing - Exposiciones

adulteration - adulteración

hell - infierno

morality - moralidad

demonstrating - demostrando; demostrar, manifestar, evidenciar

stoutly - con fuerza

legal decision - decisión legal

prescribe - prescribir, recetar, ordenar

dispensing - dispensación; dispensar

druggists - Farmacia

innovation - innovación

innovate - innovar

honestly - honestamente, francamente

systematic - sistemática; sistemático

Perhaps that was a more cheerful time for observers and theorizers than the present; we are apt to think it the finest era of the world when America was beginning to be discovered, when a bold sailor, even if he were wrecked, might alight on a new kingdom; and about 1829 the dark territories of Pathology were a fine America for a spirited young adventurer. Lydgate was ambitious above all to contribute towards enlarging the scientific, rational basis of his profession. The more he became interested in special questions of disease, such as the nature of fever or fevers, the more keenly he felt the need for that fundamental knowledge of structure which just at the beginning of the century had been illuminated by the brief and glorious career of Bichat, who died when he was only one-and-thirty, but, like another Alexander, left a realm large enough for many heirs. That great Frenchman first carried out the conception that living bodies, fundamentally considered, are not associations of organs which can be understood by studying them first apart, and then as it were federally; but must be regarded as consisting of certain primary webs or tissues, out of which the various organs"brain, heart, lungs, and so on"are compacted, as the various accommodations of a house are built up in various proportions of wood, iron, stone, brick, zinc, and the rest, each material having its peculiar composition and proportions. No man, one sees, can understand and estimate the entire structure or its parts"what are its frailties and what its repairs, without knowing the nature of the materials. And the conception wrought out by Bichat, with his detailed study of the different tissues, acted necessarily on medical questions as the turning of gas-light would act on a dim, oil-lit street, showing new connections and hitherto hidden facts of structure which must be taken into account in considering the symptoms of maladies and the action of medicaments.

theorizers - teorizador

bold - osado; valiente, audaz, atrevido

Kingdom - reino

territories - territorios; territorio

pathology - patología

adventurer - aventurero, aventurera

contribute - contribuir

enlarging - ampliando; ampliar, agrandar, engrandecer

illuminated - iluminado; iluminar

Alexander - Alejandro

realm - esfera, reino

heirs - herederos; heredero, sucesor, checkheredera

fundamentally - fundamentalmente

associations - asociaciones; asociación

organs - órganos; órgano, publicación oficial

federally - a nivel federal

compacted - compactado; compacto

proportions - proporciones; proporción

zinc - zinc, cinc

composition - composición, panish: t-needed

frailties - debilidades; fragilidad

gas-light - (gas-light) luz de gas

maladies - ales; mal

medicaments - Medicamento

But results which depend on human conscience and intelligence work slowly, and now at the end of 1829, most medical practice was still strutting or shambling along the old paths, and there was still scientific work to be done which might have seemed to be a direct sequence of Bichat's. This great seer did not go beyond the consideration of the tissues as ultimate facts in the living organism, marking the limit of anatomical analysis; but it was open to another mind to say, have not these structures some common basis from which they have all started, as your sarsnet, gauze, net, satin, and velvet from the raw cocoon? Here would be another light, as of oxy-hydrogen, showing the very grain of things, and revising all former explanations. Of this sequence to Bichat's work, already vibrating along many currents of the European mind, Lydgate was enamoured; he longed to demonstrate the more intimate relations of living structure, and help to define men's thought more accurately after the true order. The work had not yet been done, but only prepared for those who knew how to use the preparation. What was the primitive tissue? In that way Lydgate put the question"not quite in the way required by the awaiting answer; but such missing of the right word befalls many seekers. And he counted on quiet intervals to be watchfully seized, for taking up the threads of investigation"on many hints to be won from diligent application, not only of the scalpel, but of the microscope, which research had begun to use again with new enthusiasm of reliance. Such was Lydgate's plan of his future: to do good small work for Middlemarch, and great work for the world.

medical practice - Práctica médica

strutting - Presumiendo; (strut) Presumiendo

shambling - Caminar; (shamble); arrastrar los pies

sequence - secuencia

ultimate - el último; último, final, máximo, extremo, mayor

living organism - organismo vivo

gauze - gasa, tela metálico etálica

satin - raso, satén

velvet - terciopelo

raw - cruda; crudo, en carne viva, bruto

cocoon - capullo

hydrogen - hidrógeno

former - antiguo, anterior

vibrating - vibrando; vibrar

demonstrate - demostrar, manifestar, evidenciar

intimate - intimo; íntimo

tissue - tejido, panuelo, panuelo de papel, clínex

awaiting - esperando; esperar, aguantar

seekers - buscadores; buscador

watchfully - Con cuidado

hints - sugerencias; pista, indicio, indirecta, buscapié, toque

scalpel - escalpelo, bisturí

He was certainly a happy fellow at this time: to be seven-and-twenty, without any fixed vices, with a generous resolution that his action should be beneficent, and with ideas in his brain that made life interesting quite apart from the cultus of horseflesh and other mystic rites of costly observance, which the eight hundred pounds left him after buying his practice would certainly not have gone far in paying for. He was at a starting-point which makes many a man's career a fine subject for betting, if there were any gentlemen given to that amusement who could appreciate the complicated probabilities of an arduous purpose, with all the possible thwartings and furtherings of circumstance, all the niceties of inward balance, by which a man swims and makes his point or else is carried headlong. The risk would remain even with close knowledge of Lydgate's character; for character too is a process and an unfolding. The man was still in the making, as much as the Middlemarch doctor and immortal discoverer, and there were both virtues and faults capable of shrinking or expanding. The faults will not, I hope, be a reason for the withdrawal of your interest in him. Among our valued friends is there not some one or other who is a little too self-confident and disdainful; whose distinguished mind is a little spotted with commonness; who is a little pinched here and protuberant there with native prejudices; or whose better energies are liable to lapse down the wrong channel under the influence of transient solicitations? All these things might be alleged against Lydgate, but then, they are the periphrases of a polite preacher, who talks of Adam, and would not like to mention anything painful to the pew-renters. The particular faults from which these delicate generalities are distilled have distinguishable physiognomies, diction, accent, and grimaces; filling up parts in very various dramas. Our vanities differ as our noses do: all conceit is not the same conceit, but varies in correspondence with the minutiae of mental make in which one of us differs from another.

beneficent - beneficioso; benéfico

cultus - culto

horseflesh - Carne de caballo

rites - itos; rito

costly - costoso, caro

probabilities - probabilidades; probabilidad

thwartings - Frustrando

furtherings - Avances

shrinking - ncogiendo; contraerse, encogerse, achicarse, mermar

withdrawal - retirada, síndrome de abstinencia, disposición

self-confident - (self-confident) seguro de sí mismo

disdainful - despectivo; desdenoso, displicente

commonness - común

prejudices - prejuicios; prejuicio, perjudicar, prejuiciar

transient - pasajero; transitorio, trotamundo, transeúnte

solicitations - solicitudes; solicitación

periphrases - perífrasis

preacher - predicador

renters - arrendatario

generalities - Generalidad

distilled - Destilar

diction - dicción

minutiae - minucias; detalle, pequenez, mezquindad, trivialidad

differs - difiere; ser distinto

Lydgate's conceit was of the arrogant sort, never simpering, never impertinent, but massive in its claims and benevolently contemptuous. He would do a great deal for noodles, being sorry for them, and feeling quite sure that they could have no power over him: he had thought of joining the Saint Simonians when he was in Paris, in order to turn them against some of their own doctrines. All his faults were marked by kindred traits, and were those of a man who had a fine baritone, whose clothes hung well upon him, and who even in his ordinary gestures had an air of inbred distinction. Where then lay the spots of commonness? says a young lady enamoured of that careless grace. How could there be any commonness in a man so well-bred, so ambitious of social distinction, so generous and unusual in his views of social duty? As easily as there may be stupidity in a man of genius if you take him unawares on the wrong subject, or as many a man who has the best will to advance the social millennium might be ill-inspired in imagining its lighter pleasures; unable to go beyond Offenbach's music, or the brilliant punning in the last burlesque. Lydgate's spots of commonness lay in the complexion of his prejudices, which, in spite of noble intention and sympathy, were half of them such as are found in ordinary men of the world: that distinction of mind which belonged to his intellectual ardor, did not penetrate his feeling and judgment about furniture, or women, or the desirability of its being known (without his telling) that he was better born than other country surgeons. He did not mean to think of furniture at present; but whenever he did so it was to be feared that neither biology nor schemes of reform would lift him above the vulgarity of feeling that there would be an incompatibility in his furniture not being of the best.

arrogant - arrogante, soberbio, altivo, altanero

simpering - simplón; sonreírse afectadamente, sonrisa afectada (lit

impertinent - impertinente, maleducado

massive - masiva; masivo

benevolently - con benevolencia; benévolamente

do a great deal for - hacer un gran negocio; hacer mucho por alguien

noodles - fideos, tallarines

kindred - pariente; etnia

traits - rasgos; rasgo, característica

baritone - barítono

gestures - gestos; gesto, ademán, detalle, atención

inbred - endogámico; (inbreed); endogámico

unawares - inconsciente, desprevenido, ignorante

millennium - milenio

inspired - inspirado; inspirar, infundir

punning - un juego de palabras; (pun) un juego de palabras

surgeons - cirujanos; cirujano, cirujana

vulgarity - vulgaridad

incompatibility - incompatibilidad

As to women, he had once already been drawn headlong by impetuous folly, which he meant to be final, since marriage at some distant period would of course not be impetuous. For those who want to be acquainted with Lydgate it will be good to know what was that case of impetuous folly, for it may stand as an example of the fitful swerving of passion to which he was prone, together with the chivalrous kindness which helped to make him morally lovable. The story can be told without many words. It happened when he was studying in Paris, and just at the time when, over and above his other work, he was occupied with some galvanic experiments. One evening, tired with his experimenting, and not being able to elicit the facts he needed, he left his frogs and rabbits to some repose under their trying and mysterious dispensation of unexplained shocks, and went to finish his evening at the theatre of the Porte Saint Martin, where there was a melodrama which he had already seen several times; attracted, not by the ingenious work of the collaborating authors, but by an actress whose part it was to stab her lover, mistaking him for the evil-designing duke of the piece. Lydgate was in love with this actress, as a man is in love with a woman whom he never expects to speak to. She was a Provencale, with dark eyes, a Greek profile, and rounded majestic form, having that sort of beauty which carries a sweet matronliness even in youth, and her voice was a soft cooing. She had but lately come to Paris, and bore a virtuous reputation, her husband acting with her as the unfortunate lover. It was her acting which was "no better than it should be," but the public was satisfied. Lydgate's only relaxation now was to go and look at this woman, just as he might have thrown himself under the breath of the sweet south on a bank of violets for a while, without prejudice to his galvanism, to which he would presently return. But this evening the old drama had a new catastrophe. At the moment when the heroine was to act the stabbing of her lover, and he was to fall gracefully, the wife veritably stabbed her husband, who fell as death willed. A wild shriek pierced the house, and the Provencale fell swooning: a shriek and a swoon were demanded by the play, but the swooning too was real this time. Lydgate leaped and climbed, he hardly knew how, on to the stage, and was active in help, making the acquaintance of his heroine by finding a contusion on her head and lifting her gently in his arms. Paris rang with the story of this death:"was it a murder? Some of the actress's warmest admirers were inclined to believe in her guilt, and liked her the better for it (such was the taste of those times); but Lydgate was not one of these.

fitful - inquieto; inestable, irregular

prone - postrado, de bruces, decúbito prono, propenso

chivalrous - caballerescos; caballeroso, caballeresco

morally - moralmente

occupied with - ocupado con

galvanic - galvánica; galvánico

rabbits - conejos; conejo

shocks - shocks; conmoción, golpe

porte - orte

Martin - Martín

melodrama - melodrama

collaborating - colaborando; colaborar

Duke - duque

majestic - majestuoso

matronliness - Matronería

cooing - A arrullar; (coo) A arrullar

virtuous - virtuoso

relaxation - relajación, relax

violets - violetas; violeta

heroine - heroína

Stabbing - apunalamiento; apunalamiento; (stab) apunalamiento; apunalamiento

gracefully - con elegancia; agraciadamente

veritably - verdaderamente

stabbed - apunalado; apunalar

shriek - gritar; alarido, chillido, chillar

swooning - Desmayo; (swoon) Desmayo

leaped - saltó; saltar, brincar

contusion - contusión

admirers - admiradores; admirador, admiradora

guilt - culpa, culpabilidad

He vehemently contended for her innocence, and the remote impersonal passion for her beauty which he had felt before, had passed now into personal devotion, and tender thought of her lot. The notion of murder was absurd: no motive was discoverable, the young couple being understood to dote on each other; and it was not unprecedented that an accidental slip of the foot should have brought these grave consequences. The legal investigation ended in Madame Laure's release. Lydgate by this time had had many interviews with her, and found her more and more adorable. She talked little; but that was an additional charm. She was melancholy, and seemed grateful; her presence was enough, like that of the evening light. Lydgate was madly anxious about her affection, and jealous lest any other man than himself should win it and ask her to marry him. But instead of reopening her engagement at the Porte Saint Martin, where she would have been all the more popular for the fatal episode, she left Paris without warning, forsaking her little court of admirers. Perhaps no one carried inquiry far except Lydgate, who felt that all science had come to a stand-still while he imagined the unhappy Laure, stricken by ever-wandering sorrow, herself wandering, and finding no faithful comforter. Hidden actresses, however, are not so difficult to find as some other hidden facts, and it was not long before Lydgate gathered indications that Laure had taken the route to Lyons. He found her at last acting with great success at Avignon under the same name, looking more majestic than ever as a forsaken wife carrying her child in her arms. He spoke to her after the play, was received with the usual quietude which seemed to him beautiful as clear depths of water, and obtained leave to visit her the next day; when he was bent on telling her that he adored her, and on asking her to marry him. He knew that this was like the sudden impulse of a madman"incongruous even with his habitual foibles. No matter! It was the one thing which he was resolved to do. He had two selves within him apparently, and they must learn to accommodate each other and bear reciprocal impediments. Strange, that some of us, with quick alternate vision, see beyond our infatuations, and even while we rave on the heights, behold the wide plain where our persistent self pauses and awaits us.

vehemently - con vehemencia; vehementemente

contended - ontendió; contender, sostener

innocence - inocencia

impersonal - impersonal

discoverable - se puede descubrir

dote - amoroso

unprecedented - sin precedentes; sin precedente

accidental - accidental, casual, imprevisto, fortuito

slip - resbalón; resbalar

rave - delirar

madly - locamente; alocadamente

reopening - reapertura; (reopen); reabrir, reabrirse

forsaking - Renunciar; (forsake); abandonar

indications - indicaciones; indicación

more majestic - más majestuoso

forsaken - abandonado; abandonar

adored - dorado; adorar, querer

madman - loco

foibles - debilidades; manía, defecto, punto débil, parte débil

selves - yo; uno mismo

accommodate - acomodarse; acomodar, acoger, albergar, satisfacer, adaptar

reciprocal - mutuo, recíproco, al revés

impediments - impedimentos; estorbo

alternate - suplente; alterno, sustituta, sustituto, alternar

infatuations - encaprichamientos; pasión, encaprichamiento

behold - contemplar, mirar, observar, he aquí, mirad

persistent - persistente

awaits - te espera; esperar, aguantar

To have approached Laure with any suit that was not reverentially tender would have been simply a contradiction of his whole feeling towards her.

reverentially - Reverencialmente

contradiction - contradicción, contrasentido

"You have come all the way from Paris to find me?" she said to him the next day, sitting before him with folded arms, and looking at him with eyes that seemed to wonder as an untamed ruminating animal wonders. "Are all Englishmen like that?"

untamed - Sin domesticar

"I came because I could not live without trying to see you. You are lonely; I love you; I want you to consent to be my wife; I will wait, but I want you to promise that you will marry me"no one else."

Laure looked at him in silence with a melancholy radiance from under her grand eyelids, until he was full of rapturous certainty, and knelt close to her knees.

"I will tell you something," she said, in her cooing way, keeping her arms folded. "My foot really slipped."

"I know, I know," said Lydgate, deprecatingly. "It was a fatal accident"a dreadful stroke of calamity that bound me to you the more."

deprecatingly - con desprecio

stroke - ictus; golpe

calamity - calamidad, panish: t-needed

Again Laure paused a little and then said, slowly, "I meant to do it."

Lydgate, strong man as he was, turned pale and trembled: moments seemed to pass before he rose and stood at a distance from her.

"There was a secret, then," he said at last, even vehemently. "He was brutal to you: you hated him."

brutal - brutal

"No! he wearied me; he was too fond: he would live in Paris, and not in my country; that was not agreeable to me."

wearied - cansado, cansino, cansar

"Great God!" said Lydgate, in a groan of horror. "And you planned to murder him?"

groan - gimoteo; gemido, grunido, gemir, grunir

"I did not plan: it came to me in the play"I meant to do it."

Lydgate stood mute, and unconsciously pressed his hat on while he looked at her. He saw this woman"the first to whom he had given his young adoration"amid the throng of stupid criminals.

mute - silencio; mudo

adoration - adoración

throng - una multitud; muchedumbre, gentío, caterva, multitud, montón

"You are a good young man," she said. "But I do not like husbands. I will never have another."

Three days afterwards Lydgate was at his galvanism again in his Paris chambers, believing that illusions were at an end for him.

chambers - cámaras; cámara, recámara, compartimento

He was saved from hardening effects by the abundant kindness of his heart and his belief that human life might be made better. But he had more reason than ever for trusting his judgment, now that it was so experienced; and henceforth he would take a strictly scientific view of woman, entertaining no expectations but such as were justified beforehand.

hardening - endurecimiento; (harden); endurecimiento

abundant - abundante, copioso, cuantioso

trusting - confiado; confianza, crédito, fiar, consorcio, trust

No one in Middlemarch was likely to have such a notion of Lydgate's past as has here been faintly shadowed, and indeed the respectable townsfolk there were not more given than mortals generally to any eager attempt at exactness in the representation to themselves of what did not come under their own senses. Not only young virgins of that town, but gray-bearded men also, were often in haste to conjecture how a new acquaintance might be wrought into their purposes, contented with very vague knowledge as to the way in which life had been shaping him for that instrumentality.

shadowed - sombreado; sombra

townsfolk - Pueblerinos

representation - representación

virgins - vírgenes; virgen, doncel, doncella, senorita

bearded - con barba; barba, jotera, pantalla, barbar, provocar, mortificar

contented with - contento con

instrumentality - instrumentalidad

Middlemarch, in fact, counted on swallowing Lydgate and assimilating him very comfortably.

swallowing - tragando; tragar, engullir

assimilating - asimilando; asimilar


"All that in woman is adored

In thy fair self I find"

thy - tu; vuestro, vuestra, vuestros, vuestras

For the whole sex can but afford

The handsome and the kind."


Charles - Carlos

The question whether Mr. Tyke should be appointed as salaried chaplain to the hospital was an exciting topic to the Middlemarchers; and Lydgate heard it discussed in a way that threw much light on the power exercised in the town by Mr. Bulstrode.

appointed - nombrado; equipar, determinar, fijar, designar, nombrar

The banker was evidently a ruler, but there was an opposition party, and even among his supporters there were some who allowed it to be seen that their support was a compromise, and who frankly stated their impression that the general scheme of things, and especially the casualties of trade, required you to hold a candle to the devil.

ruler - regla, gobernante

opposition party - el partido de la oposición

supporters - apoyantes; soporte, tenante

compromise - compromiso; acuerdo, arreglo

casualties - ajas; accidente, desastre, calamidad, baja, víctima, urgencias

Mr. Bulstrode's power was not due simply to his being a country banker, who knew the financial secrets of most traders in the town and could touch the springs of their credit; it was fortified by a beneficence that was at once ready and severe"ready to confer obligations, and severe in watching the result. He had gathered, as an industrious man always at his post, a chief share in administering the town charities, and his private charities were both minute and abundant. He would take a great deal of pains about apprenticing Tegg the shoemaker's son, and he would watch over Tegg's church-going; he would defend Mrs. Strype the washerwoman against Stubbs's unjust exaction on the score of her drying-ground, and he would himself scrutinize a calumny against Mrs. Strype. His private minor loans were numerous, but he would inquire strictly into the circumstances both before and after. In this way a man gathers a domain in his neighbors'hope and fear as well as gratitude; and power, when once it has got into that subtle region, propagates itself, spreading out of all proportion to its external means. It was a principle with Mr. Bulstrode to gain as much power as possible, that he might use it for the glory of God. He went through a great deal of spiritual conflict and inward argument in order to adjust his motives, and make clear to himself what God's glory required. But, as we have seen, his motives were not always rightly appreciated.

traders - comerciantes; comerciante

beneficence - beneficencia

obligations - obligaciones; obligación, compromiso, deber

administering - administrando; administrar

Shoemaker - zapatero, zapatera

church-going - (church-going) Ir a la iglesia

washerwoman - lavandera

unjust - injusto

exaction - exacción

scrutinize - escrutinar; escrutar, examinar, escudrinar

calumny - calumnias; calumnia

minor - menor, menor, menor de edad

loans - préstamos; préstamo

domain - dominio, esfera

proportion - proporción

conflict - conflicto, discrepancia, discrepar, estar renido, coincidir

adjust - ajustar, arreglar, regular, adaptar

There were many crass minds in Middlemarch whose reflective scales could only weigh things in the lump; and they had a strong suspicion that since Mr. Bulstrode could not enjoy life in their fashion, eating and drinking so little as he did, and worreting himself about everything, he must have a sort of vampire's feast in the sense of mastery.

crass - craso, grosero, bruto, materialista

reflective - reflexivo, reflectante

scales - escalas; escala

lump - un bulto; bulto, grumo, chichón, cúmulo, agrupación

enjoy life - Disfrutar de la vida

worreting - preocuparse

vampire - vampiro

feast - fiesta; banquete, festín

mastery - dominio, maestría

The subject of the chaplaincy came up at Mr. Vincy's table when Lydgate was dining there, and the family connection with Mr. Bulstrode did not, he observed, prevent some freedom of remark even on the part of the host himself, though his reasons against the proposed arrangement turned entirely on his objection to Mr. Tyke's sermons, which were all doctrine, and his preference for Mr.

chaplaincy - Capellanía

dining - cenar

Sermons - sermones; sermón

Farebrother, whose sermons were free from that taint. Mr. Vincy liked well enough the notion of the chaplain's having a salary, supposing it were given to Farebrother, who was as good a little fellow as ever breathed, and the best preacher anywhere, and companionable too.

taint - mancha; echar a perder; contaminar

companionable - companero

"What line shall you take, then?" said Mr. Chichely, the coroner, a great coursing comrade of Mr. Vincy's.

coroner - forense

comrade - companero, colega, camarada, correligionario, camarada

"Oh, I'm precious glad I'm not one of the Directors now. I shall vote for referring the matter to the Directors and the Medical Board together. I shall roll some of my responsibility on your shoulders, Doctor," said Mr. Vincy, glancing first at Dr. Sprague, the senior physician of the town, and then at Lydgate who sat opposite. "You medical gentlemen must consult which sort of black draught you will prescribe, eh, Mr. Lydgate?"

glancing - echando un vistazo; (glance); ojear, echar un vistazo, mirar

physician - médico, médica, facultativo

"I know little of either," said Lydgate; "but in general, appointments are apt to be made too much a question of personal liking. The fittest man for a particular post is not always the best fellow or the most agreeable. Sometimes, if you wanted to get a reform, your only way would be to pension off the good fellows whom everybody is fond of, and put them out of the question."

pension - pensión, pensionar

Dr. Sprague, who was considered the physician of most "weight," though Dr.

Minchin was usually said to have more "penetration," divested his large heavy face of all expression, and looked at his wine-glass while Lydgate was speaking. Whatever was not problematical and suspected about this young man"for example, a certain showiness as to foreign ideas, and a disposition to unsettle what had been settled and forgotten by his elders"was positively unwelcome to a physician whose standing had been fixed thirty years before by a treatise on Meningitis, of which at least one copy marked "own" was bound in calf. For my part I have some fellow-feeling with Dr. Sprague: one's self-satisfaction is an untaxed kind of property which it is very unpleasant to find deprecated.

penetration - penetración

divested - desinvertido; privar

problematical - problemático

suspected - sospechas; barruntar, sospechar, sospechoso

showiness - vistosidad

unsettle - perturbar, inquietar

treatise - tratado

Meningitis - meningitis

untaxed - Sin impuestos

deprecated - obsoleto; descontinuar

Lydgate's remark, however, did not meet the sense of the company. Mr. Vincy said, that if he could have his way, he would not put disagreeable fellows anywhere.

"Hang your reforms!" said Mr. Chichely. "There's no greater humbug in the world. You never hear of a reform, but it means some trick to put in new men. I hope you are not one of the ˜Lancet's'men, Mr. Lydgate"wanting to take the coronership out of the hands of the legal profession: your words appear to point that way."

lancet - lanceta

coronership - coronación

"I disapprove of Wakley," interposed Dr. Sprague, "no man more: he is an ill-intentioned fellow, who would sacrifice the respectability of the profession, which everybody knows depends on the London Colleges, for the sake of getting some notoriety for himself.

intentioned - intencionado

sacrifice - sacrificar, sacrificio

respectability - respetabilidad

notoriety - notoriedad, infamia, mala fama

There are men who don't mind about being kicked blue if they can only get talked about. But Wakley is right sometimes," the Doctor added, judicially. "I could mention one or two points in which Wakley is in the right."

judicially - judicialmente

"Oh, well," said Mr. Chichely, "I blame no man for standing up in favor of his own cloth; but, coming to argument, I should like to know how a coroner is to judge of evidence if he has not had a legal training?"

"In my opinion," said Lydgate, "legal training only makes a man more incompetent in questions that require knowledge of another kind. People talk about evidence as if it could really be weighed in scales by a blind Justice. No man can judge what is good evidence on any particular subject, unless he knows that subject well.

incompetent - incompetente

A lawyer is no better than an old woman at a post-mortem examination. How is he to know the action of a poison? You might as well say that scanning verse will teach you to scan the potato crops."

crops - cultivos; cultivo; cosecha

"You are aware, I suppose, that it is not the coroner's business to conduct the post-mortem, but only to take the evidence of the medical witness?" said Mr. Chichely, with some scorn.

witness - Testigo

scorn - despreciar, desdenar, menospreciar, rechazar, escarnecer

"Who is often almost as ignorant as the coroner himself," said Lydgate. "Questions of medical jurisprudence ought not to be left to the chance of decent knowledge in a medical witness, and the coroner ought not to be a man who will believe that strychnine will destroy the coats of the stomach if an ignorant practitioner happens to tell him so."

jurisprudence - jurisprudencia

decent - decente

witness - testimonio, testigo, prueba, testificar, probar, presenciar

strychnine - estricnina

Lydgate had really lost sight of the fact that Mr. Chichely was his Majesty's coroner, and ended innocently with the question, "Don't you agree with me, Dr. Sprague?"

Majesty - majestad

innocently - inocentemente

"To a certain extent"with regard to populous districts, and in the metropolis," said the Doctor. "But I hope it will be long before this part of the country loses the services of my friend Chichely, even though it might get the best man in our profession to succeed him. I am sure Vincy will agree with me."

populous - popular; poblado, populoso

"Yes, yes, give me a coroner who is a good coursing man," said Mr. Vincy, jovially. "And in my opinion, you're safest with a lawyer. Nobody can know everything. Most things are ˜visitation of God.'And as to poisoning, why, what you want to know is the law. Come, shall we join the ladies?"

jovially - jovialmente

Lydgate's private opinion was that Mr. Chichely might be the very coroner without bias as to the coats of the stomach, but he had not meant to be personal. This was one of the difficulties of moving in good Middlemarch society: it was dangerous to insist on knowledge as a qualification for any salaried office. Fred Vincy had called Lydgate a prig, and now Mr. Chichely was inclined to call him prick-eared; especially when, in the drawing-room, he seemed to be making himself eminently agreeable to Rosamond, whom he had easily monopolized in a tĂŞte-Ă -tĂŞte, since Mrs. Vincy herself sat at the tea-table. She resigned no domestic function to her daughter; and the matron's blooming good-natured face, with the two volatile pink strings floating from her fine throat, and her cheery manners to husband and children, was certainly among the great attractions of the Vincy house"attractions which made it all the easier to fall in love with the daughter.

prick - idiota; pinchar, perforar

monopolized - onopolizado; monopolizar, acaparar

volatile - volátil, inestible

floating - flotante, flotador; (float); flotar, carroza

cheery - Alegre

The tinge of unpretentious, inoffensive vulgarity in Mrs. Vincy gave more effect to Rosamond's refinement, which was beyond what Lydgate had expected.

tinge - toque, tinte, matiz, retocar, matizar

inoffensive - inofensivo

Certainly, small feet and perfectly turned shoulders aid the impression of refined manners, and the right thing said seems quite astonishingly right when it is accompanied with exquisite curves of lip and eyelid. And Rosamond could say the right thing; for she was clever with that sort of cleverness which catches every tone except the humorous.

refined - refinado; refinar, perfeccionar

astonishingly - asombrosamente; Increiblemente

curves - curva, curvas, curvar, encorvar

eyelid - párpado

humorous - umorística; humoroso

Happily she never attempted to joke, and this perhaps was the most decisive mark of her cleverness.

most decisive - el más decisivo

She and Lydgate readily got into conversation. He regretted that he had not heard her sing the other day at Stone Court. The only pleasure he allowed himself during the latter part of his stay in Paris was to go and hear music.

regretted - te arrepientes; lamentar, pena, pesar, arrepentimiento

"You have studied music, probably?" said Rosamond.

"No, I know the notes of many birds, and I know many melodies by ear; but the music that I don't know at all, and have no notion about, delights me"affects me. How stupid the world is that it does not make more use of such a pleasure within its reach!"

melodies - melodías; melodía

by ear - de oído

delights - elicias; deleite, regocijo, delicia, placer

"Yes, and you will find Middlemarch very tuneless. There are hardly any good musicians. I only know two gentlemen who sing at all well."

tuneless - Sin melodía

"I suppose it is the fashion to sing comic songs in a rhythmic way, leaving you to fancy the tune"very much as if it were tapped on a drum?"

comic - cómico, cómico, comediante, cómic, tebeo, historieta

rhythmic - rítmico, acompasado, cadencioso

tapped - intervenido; golpecito, palmadita

"Ah, you have heard Mr. Bowyer," said Rosamond, with one of her rare smiles. "But we are speaking very ill of our neighbors."

Lydgate was almost forgetting that he must carry on the conversation, in thinking how lovely this creature was, her garment seeming to be made out of the faintest blue sky, herself so immaculately blond, as if the petals of some gigantic flower had just opened and disclosed her; and yet with this infantine blondness showing so much ready, self-possessed grace.

garment - prenda, prenda de vestir

faintest - más débil; débil, tenue

immaculately - nmaculadamente

gigantic - gigante, gigantesco

Since he had had the memory of Laure, Lydgate had lost all taste for large-eyed silence: the divine cow no longer attracted him, and Rosamond was her very opposite. But he recalled himself.

"You will let me hear some music to-night, I hope."

"I will let you hear my attempts, if you like," said Rosamond. "Papa is sure to insist on my singing. But I shall tremble before you, who have heard the best singers in Paris. I have heard very little: I have only once been to London. But our organist at St. Peter's is a good musician, and I go on studying with him."

attempts - intentos; intentar, tentativa, intento, ensayo

organist - organista

"Tell me what you saw in London."

"Very little." (A more naive girl would have said, "Oh, everything!" But Rosamond knew better.) "A few of the ordinary sights, such as raw country girls are always taken to."

more naive - más ingenuo

"Do you call yourself a raw country girl?" said Lydgate, looking at her with an involuntary emphasis of admiration, which made Rosamond blush with pleasure. But she remained simply serious, turned her long neck a little, and put up her hand to touch her wondrous hair-plaits"an habitual gesture with her as pretty as any movements of a kitten's paw.

involuntary - involuntario

plaits - trenzas; pliegue

kitten - gatito, minino, gatita

paw - pata, garra (gato), zarpa (león)

Not that Rosamond was in the least like a kitten: she was a sylph caught young and educated at Mrs. Lemon's.

sylph - sílfide

"I assure you my mind is raw," she said immediately; "I pass at Middlemarch. I am not afraid of talking to our old neighbors. But I am really afraid of you."

"An accomplished woman almost always knows more than we men, though her knowledge is of a different sort. I am sure you could teach me a thousand things"as an exquisite bird could teach a bear if there were any common language between them. Happily, there is a common language between women and men, and so the bears can get taught."

"Ah, there is Fred beginning to strum! I must go and hinder him from jarring all your nerves," said Rosamond, moving to the other side of the room, where Fred having opened the piano, at his father's desire, that Rosamond might give them some music, was parenthetically performing "Cherry Ripe!" with one hand. Able men who have passed their examinations will do these things sometimes, not less than the plucked Fred.

strum - ramada; rasguear

jarring - excitante; discorde; (jar) excitante; discorde

parenthetically - como ladillo, entre paréntesis

cherry - cereza, guinda, cerezo, guinda, cereza

examinations - exámenes; examen, examinación

"Fred, pray defer your practising till to-morrow; you will make Mr. Lydgate ill," said Rosamond. "He has an ear."

Fred laughed, and went on with his tune to the end.

Rosamond turned to Lydgate, smiling gently, and said, "You perceive, the bears will not always be taught."

"now then, Rosy!" said Fred, springing from the stool and twisting it upward for her, with a hearty expectation of enjoyment. "Some good rousing tunes first."

now then - Ahora, entonces

twisting - Torciendo; (twist); torcer, sacar punta a, torcerse

upward - hacia arriba

hearty - corazonoso; carinoso, de corazón, cordial, corpulento, nutritivo

rousing - conmovedor; despertar

Rosamond played admirably. Her master at Mrs. Lemon's school (close to a county town with a memorable history that had its relics in church and castle) was one of those excellent musicians here and there to be found in our provinces, worthy to compare with many a noted Kapellmeister in a country which offers more plentiful conditions of musical celebrity. Rosamond, with the executant's instinct, had seized his manner of playing, and gave forth his large rendering of noble music with the precision of an echo. It was almost startling, heard for the first time. A hidden soul seemed to be flowing forth from Rosamond's fingers; and so indeed it was, since souls live on in perpetual echoes, and to all fine expression there goes somewhere an originating activity, if it be only that of an interpreter.

memorable - memorable, inolvidable

plentiful - abundante

executant - ejecutor

instinct - instinto

Echo - eco, repercutir, repetir, hacer eco

originating - origen; originar, originarse

Lydgate was taken possession of, and began to believe in her as something exceptional. After all, he thought, one need not be surprised to find the rare conjunctions of nature under circumstances apparently unfavorable: come where they may, they always depend on conditions that are not obvious. He sat looking at her, and did not rise to pay her any compliments, leaving that to others, now that his admiration was deepened.

conjunctions - conjunciones; conjunción, unión

compliments - cumplidos; cumplido, felicitar, cumplimentar

deepened - rofundizado; ahondar, checkprofundizar

Her singing was less remarkable, but also well trained, and sweet to hear as a chime perfectly in tune. It is true she sang "Meet me by moonlight," and "I've been roaming"; for mortals must share the fashions of their time, and none but the ancients can be always classical.

chime - timbre; carrillón

moonlight - la luz de la luna; luz de la luna, lunada, pluriemplearse

roaming - tinerancia; vagar

But Rosamond could also sing "Black-eyed Susan" with effect, or Haydn's canzonets, or "Voi, che sapete," or "Batti, batti""she only wanted to know what her audience liked.

Her father looked round at the company, delighting in their admiration. Her mother sat, like a Niobe before her troubles, with her youngest little girl on her lap, softly beating the child's hand up and down in time to the music. And Fred, notwithstanding his general scepticism about Rosy, listened to her music with perfect allegiance, wishing he could do the same thing on his flute. It was the pleasantest family party that Lydgate had seen since he came to Middlemarch. The Vincys had the readiness to enjoy, the rejection of all anxiety, and the belief in life as a merry lot, which made a house exceptional in most county towns at that time, when Evangelicalism had cast a certain suspicion as of plague-infection over the few amusements which survived in the provinces. At the Vincys'there was always whist, and the card-tables stood ready now, making some of the company secretly impatient of the music.

delighting - disfrutando; deleite, regocijo, delicia, placer

softly - suavemente, inaudiblemente, silenciosamente

allegiance - fidelidad, lealtad

Evangelicalism - Evangelicalismo

plague - plaga, peste, plagar, molestar, atormentar

infection - infección, infección

amusements - diversiones; divertimiento, esparcimiento, diversión

Before it ceased Mr. Farebrother came in"a handsome, broad-chested but otherwise small man, about forty, whose black was very threadbare: the brilliancy was all in his quick gray eyes. He came like a pleasant change in the light, arresting little Louisa with fatherly nonsense as she was being led out of the room by Miss Morgan, greeting everybody with some special word, and seeming to condense more talk into ten minutes than had been held all through the evening. He claimed from Lydgate the fulfilment of a promise to come and see him. "I can't let you off, you know, because I have some beetles to show you. We collectors feel an interest in every new man till he has seen all we have to show him."

chested - Pecho

threadbare - deshilachado; raído

fulfilment - realización; satisfacción

beetles - escarabajos; escarabajo, coleóptero

collectors - coleccionistas; coleccionista, colector, recaudador

But soon he swerved to the whist-table, rubbing his hands and saying, "Come now, let us be serious! Mr. Lydgate? not play? Ah! you are too young and light for this kind of thing."

swerved - se desvió; volantazo

Lydgate said to himself that the clergyman whose abilities were so painful to Mr. Bulstrode, appeared to have found an agreeable resort in this certainly not erudite household. He could half understand it: the good-humor, the good looks of elder and younger, and the provision for passing the time without any labor of intelligence, might make the house beguiling to people who had no particular use for their odd hours.

resort - esort; recurrir (a)

erudite - erudito

beguiling - eductor; enganar, encanto enganador, encanto secretivo

Everything looked blooming and joyous except Miss Morgan, who was brown, dull, and resigned, and altogether, as Mrs. Vincy often said, just the sort of person for a governess. Lydgate did not mean to pay many such visits himself. They were a wretched waste of the evenings; and now, when he had talked a little more to Rosamond, he meant to excuse himself and go.

"You will not like us at Middlemarch, I feel sure," she said, when the whist-players were settled. "We are very stupid, and you have been used to something quite different."

players - jugadores; jugador, jugadora, actor, instrumentista

"I suppose all country towns are pretty much alike," said Lydgate. "But I have noticed that one always believes one's own town to be more stupid than any other. I have made up my mind to take Middlemarch as it comes, and shall be much obliged if the town will take me in the same way. I have certainly found some charms in it which are much greater than I had expected."

more stupid - más estúpido

"You mean the rides towards Tipton and Lowick; every one is pleased with those," said Rosamond, with simplicity.

simplicity - simplicidad, sencillez, llano

"No, I mean something much nearer to me."

Rosamond rose and reached her netting, and then said, "Do you care about dancing at all? I am not quite sure whether clever men ever dance."

"I would dance with you if you would allow me."

"Oh!" said Rosamond, with a slight deprecatory laugh. "I was only going to say that we sometimes have dancing, and I wanted to know whether you would feel insulted if you were asked to come."

deprecatory - deprecatoria

insulted - insultado; insultar, insulto, ofensa, improperio

"Not on the condition I mentioned."

After this chat Lydgate thought that he was going, but on moving towards the whist-tables, he got interested in watching Mr. Farebrother's play, which was masterly, and also his face, which was a striking mixture of the shrewd and the mild. At ten o'clock supper was brought in (such were the customs of Middlemarch) and there was punch-drinking; but Mr.

masterly - Magistral

shrewd - perspicaz, astuto

supper - cenar; cena

Punch - un punetazo; ponche

Farebrother had only a glass of water. He was winning, but there seemed to be no reason why the renewal of rubbers should end, and Lydgate at last took his leave.

renewal - renovación

rubbers - cauchos; caucho, goma

But as it was not eleven o'clock, he chose to walk in the brisk air towards the tower of St. Botolph's, Mr. Farebrother's church, which stood out dark, square, and massive against the starlight. It was the oldest church in Middlemarch; the living, however, was but a vicarage worth barely four hundred a-year. Lydgate had heard that, and he wondered now whether Mr. Farebrother cared about the money he won at cards; thinking, "He seems a very pleasant fellow, but Bulstrode may have his good reasons." Many things would be easier to Lydgate if it should turn out that Mr.

Bulstrode was generally justifiable. "What is his religious doctrine to me, if he carries some good notions along with it? One must use such brains as are to be found."

These were actually Lydgate's first meditations as he walked away from Mr. Vincy's, and on this ground I fear that many ladies will consider him hardly worthy of their attention. He thought of Rosamond and her music only in the second place; and though, when her turn came, he dwelt on the image of her for the rest of his walk, he felt no agitation, and had no sense that any new current had set into his life. He could not marry yet; he wished not to marry for several years; and therefore he was not ready to entertain the notion of being in love with a girl whom he happened to admire. He did admire Rosamond exceedingly; but that madness which had once beset him about Laure was not, he thought, likely to recur in relation to any other woman.

meditations - meditaciones; meditación

beset - acosado; cercar, sitiar, asediar

Certainly, if falling in love had been at all in question, it would have been quite safe with a creature like this Miss Vincy, who had just the kind of intelligence one would desire in a woman"polished, refined, docile, lending itself to finish in all the delicacies of life, and enshrined in a body which expressed this with a force of demonstration that excluded the need for other evidence. Lydgate felt sure that if ever he married, his wife would have that feminine radiance, that distinctive womanhood which must be classed with flowers and music, that sort of beauty which by its very nature was virtuous, being moulded only for pure and delicate joys.

polished - pulido; polaco, polonés, polaco

delicacies - delicias; fineza, delicadeza, fragilidad, exquisitez, golosina

enshrined - onsagrado; consagra

excluded - excluidos; excluir

moulded - moldeado; mantillo

But since he did not mean to marry for the next five years"his more pressing business was to look into Louis'new book on Fever, which he was specially interested in, because he had known Louis in Paris, and had followed many anatomical demonstrations in order to ascertain the specific differences of typhus and typhoid. He went home and read far into the smallest hour, bringing a much more testing vision of details and relations into this pathological study than he had ever thought it necessary to apply to the complexities of love and marriage, these being subjects on which he felt himself amply informed by literature, and that traditional wisdom which is handed down in the genial conversation of men.

demonstrations - manifestaciones; demostración, manifestación

ascertain - averiguar, determinar, establecer, definir

typhus - tifus

typhoid - fiebre tifoidea

pathological - patológico, malsano, enfermizo, morboso

complexities - complejidades; complejidad

amply - ampliamente, con creces

informed - informado; informar

Whereas Fever had obscure conditions, and gave him that delightful labor of the imagination which is not mere arbitrariness, but the exercise of disciplined power"combining and constructing with the clearest eye for probabilities and the fullest obedience to knowledge; and then, in yet more energetic alliance with impartial Nature, standing aloof to invent tests by which to try its own work.

obscure - oscuro; obscuro, esconder, ocultar

disciplined - disciplinado; disciplina, castigo, ramo, disciplinar

constructing - construyendo; construcción, constructo, construir

obedience - obediencia

more energetic - más enérgico

aloof - apartado, distante, sin compasión, alejado, reservado

Many men have been praised as vividly imaginative on the strength of their profuseness in indifferent drawing or cheap narration:"reports of very poor talk going on in distant orbs; or portraits of Lucifer coming down on his bad errands as a large ugly man with bat's wings and spurts of phosphorescence; or exaggerations of wantonness that seem to reflect life in a diseased dream. But these kinds of inspiration Lydgate regarded as rather vulgar and vinous compared with the imagination that reveals subtle actions inaccessible by any sort of lens, but tracked in that outer darkness through long pathways of necessary sequence by the inward light which is the last refinement of Energy, capable of bathing even the ethereal atoms in its ideally illuminated space.

vividly - ívidamente

profuseness - rofusión

narration - narración

orbs - Orbita

Lucifer - Lucifer, lucero, lucífero

errands - recados; recado

bat - murciélago; bate, pala, raqueta

spurts - achas; salir a chorro, chorrear

phosphorescence - fosforescencia

inspiration - inspiración

vinous - vinoso

inaccessible - inaccesible

darkness - oscuridad, tinieblas

pathways - caminos; via, ruta

ethereal - etéreo

atoms - tomos; átomo

ideally - lo ideal; idealmente

He for his part had tossed away all cheap inventions where ignorance finds itself able and at ease: he was enamoured of that arduous invention which is the very eye of research, provisionally framing its object and correcting it to more and more exactness of relation; he wanted to pierce the obscurity of those minute processes which prepare human misery and joy, those invisible thoroughfares which are the first lurking-places of anguish, mania, and crime, that delicate poise and transition which determine the growth of happy or unhappy consciousness.

pierce - perforar; atravesar, traspasar

obscurity - obscuridad; oscuridad

invisible - invisible

thoroughfares - ías públicas; pasaje, vía pública, vía de comunicación, canal

lurking - al acecho; (lurk); acechar, agazaparse, ocultarse, esconderse

anguish - angustia

mania - manía

poise - plomo; contrapeso, ponderación, poise

transition - transición

"If I had not taken that turn when I was a lad," he thought, "I might have got into some stupid draught-horse work or other, and lived always in blinkers. I should never have been happy in any profession that did not call forth the highest intellectual strain, and yet keep me in good warm contact with my neighbors.

blinkers - intermitentes; anteojeras, gríngolas

There is nothing like the medical profession for that: one can have the exclusive scientific life that touches the distance and befriend the old fogies in the parish too. It is rather harder for a clergyman: Farebrother seems to be an anomaly."

befriend - ofrecer amistad, amparar

fogies - Niebla

anomaly - anomalía

This last thought brought back the Vincys and all the pictures of the evening. They floated in his mind agreeably enough, and as he took up his bed-candle his lips were curled with that incipient smile which is apt to accompany agreeable recollections.

curled - rizado; rizo, bucle, flexión

incipient - incipiente

recollections - Recuerdo

He was an ardent fellow, but at present his ardor was absorbed in love of his work and in the ambition of making his life recognized as a factor in the better life of mankind"like other heroes of science who had nothing but an obscure country practice to begin with.

Poor Lydgate! or shall I say, Poor Rosamond! Each lived in a world of which the other knew nothing. It had not occurred to Lydgate that he had been a subject of eager meditation to Rosamond, who had neither any reason for throwing her marriage into distant perspective, nor any pathological studies to divert her mind from that ruminating habit, that inward repetition of looks, words, and phrases, which makes a large part in the lives of most girls. He had not meant to look at her or speak to her with more than the inevitable amount of admiration and compliment which a man must give to a beautiful girl; indeed, it seemed to him that his enjoyment of her music had remained almost silent, for he feared falling into the rudeness of telling her his great surprise at her possession of such accomplishment. But Rosamond had registered every look and word, and estimated them as the opening incidents of a preconceived romance"incidents which gather value from the foreseen development and climax.

perspective - perspectiva

repetition - repetición

rudeness - grosería, ordinariez

registered - registrado; registro, registro, registrar, registrarse

estimated - estimado; presupuesto, estimación, estimar

Incidents - incidentes; incidente

climax - clímax, colofón, orgasmo

In Rosamond's romance it was not necessary to imagine much about the inward life of the hero, or of his serious business in the world: of course, he had a profession and was clever, as well as sufficiently handsome; but the piquant fact about Lydgate was his good birth, which distinguished him from all Middlemarch admirers, and presented marriage as a prospect of rising in rank and getting a little nearer to that celestial condition on earth in which she would have nothing to do with vulgar people, and perhaps at last associate with relatives quite equal to the county people who looked down on the Middlemarchers. It was part of Rosamond's cleverness to discern very subtly the faintest aroma of rank, and once when she had seen the Miss Brookes accompanying their uncle at the county assizes, and seated among the aristocracy, she had envied them, notwithstanding their plain dress.

piquant - picante

celestial - celestial, celeste

associate - asociado, companero, asociar, frecuentar, alternar, tratar

subtly - sutilmente

Assizes - Asesinar

aristocracy - aristocracia

If you think it incredible that to imagine Lydgate as a man of family could cause thrills of satisfaction which had anything to do with the sense that she was in love with him, I will ask you to use your power of comparison a little more effectively, and consider whether red cloth and epaulets have never had an influence of that sort.

thrills - emociones; excitar; emocionar, conmover

Our passions do not live apart in locked chambers, but, dressed in their small wardrobe of notions, bring their provisions to a common table and mess together, feeding out of the common store according to their appetite.

wardrobe - ropa; armario, ropero, clóset, escaparate

Provisions - provisiones; provisión, aprovisionar, avituallar

Rosamond, in fact, was entirely occupied not exactly with Tertius Lydgate as he was in himself, but with his relation to her; and it was excusable in a girl who was accustomed to hear that all young men might, could, would be, or actually were in love with her, to believe at once that Lydgate could be no exception.

occupied - ocupado; ocupar

exception - excepción, salvedad, ofensa

His looks and words meant more to her than other men's, because she cared more for them: she thought of them diligently, and diligently attended to that perfection of appearance, behavior, sentiments, and all other elegancies, which would find in Lydgate a more adequate admirer than she had yet been conscious of.

diligently - con diligencia; diligentemente, con esmero

elegancies - elegancia

adequate - adecuado

For Rosamond, though she would never do anything that was disagreeable to her, was industrious; and now more than ever she was active in sketching her landscapes and market-carts and portraits of friends, in practising her music, and in being from morning till night her own standard of a perfect lady, having always an audience in her own consciousness, with sometimes the not unwelcome addition of a more variable external audience in the numerous visitors of the house.

landscapes - paisajes; paisaje, apaisado, horizontal

carts - carros; carro, carreta

more variable - más variable

She found time also to read the best novels, and even the second best, and she knew much poetry by heart. Her favorite poem was "Lalla Rookh."

second best - el segundo mejor

"The best girl in the world! He will be a happy fellow who gets her!" was the sentiment of the elderly gentlemen who visited the Vincys; and the rejected young men thought of trying again, as is the fashion in country towns where the horizon is not thick with coming rivals. But Mrs. Plymdale thought that Rosamond had been educated to a ridiculous pitch, for what was the use of accomplishments which would be all laid aside as soon as she was married?

elderly - ancianos; anciano, entrado en anos

rivals - rivales; rival

While her aunt Bulstrode, who had a sisterly faithfulness towards her brother's family, had two sincere wishes for Rosamond"that she might show a more serious turn of mind, and that she might meet with a husband whose wealth corresponded to her habits.

faithfulness - fidelidad, lealtad


"The clerkly person smiled and said

clerkly - De oficinista

Promise was a pretty maid,

But being poor she died unwed."

unwed - Soltera

The Rev. Camden Farebrother, whom Lydgate went to see the next evening, lived in an old parsonage, built of stone, venerable enough to match the church which it looked out upon. All the furniture too in the house was old, but with another grade of age"that of Mr. Farebrother's father and grandfather. There were painted white chairs, with gilding and wreaths on them, and some lingering red silk damask with slits in it. There were engraved portraits of Lord Chancellors and other celebrated lawyers of the last century; and there were old pier-glasses to reflect them, as well as the little satin-wood tables and the sofas resembling a prolongation of uneasy chairs, all standing in relief against the dark wainscot. This was the physiognomy of the drawing-room into which Lydgate was shown; and there were three ladies to receive him, who were also old-fashioned, and of a faded but genuine respectability: Mrs. Farebrother, the Vicar's white-haired mother, befrilled and kerchiefed with dainty cleanliness, upright, quick-eyed, and still under seventy; Miss Noble, her sister, a tiny old lady of meeker aspect, with frills and kerchief decidedly more worn and mended; and Miss Winifred Farebrother, the Vicar's elder sister, well-looking like himself, but nipped and subdued as single women are apt to be who spend their lives in uninterrupted subjection to their elders. Lydgate had not expected to see so quaint a group: knowing simply that Mr. Farebrother was a bachelor, he had thought of being ushered into a snuggery where the chief furniture would probably be books and collections of natural objects.

Rev - acelerar

wreaths - coronas; guirnalda, corona, burelete, rodear

damask - damasco, adamascar

slits - hendiduras; ranura, abertura, rendija, fisura, raja

engraved - grabado; grabar

Chancellors - cancilleres; canciller

pier - muelle, embarcadero, malecón, pilar (de puente), pilar

resembling - se parece; asemejar

uneasy - inquieta; inquieto

wainscot - El arrimadero

Vicar - vicario, vicaria

befrilled - afrillada

cleanliness - limpieza

upright - derecho; vertical, recto, erguido, honrado, verticalmente

meeker - meker; modesto, humilde, resignado, sumiso, manso

frills - volantes; volante

mended - reparado; remiendo, remendar, reparar

nipped - nipped; pellizcar

uninterrupted - sin interrupciones; ininterrumpido

quaint - raro, singular; pintoresco

ushered - acompanado; acomodador, acomodadora, gloss rotestant churches

snuggery - Acogedor

The Vicar himself seemed to wear rather a changed aspect, as most men do when acquaintances made elsewhere see them for the first time in their own homes; some indeed showing like an actor of genial parts disadvantageously cast for the curmudgeon in a new piece. This was not the case with Mr. Farebrother: he seemed a trifle milder and more silent, the chief talker being his mother, while he only put in a good-humored moderating remark here and there. The old lady was evidently accustomed to tell her company what they ought to think, and to regard no subject as quite safe without her steering. She was afforded leisure for this function by having all her little wants attended to by Miss Winifred. Meanwhile tiny Miss Noble carried on her arm a small basket, into which she diverted a bit of sugar, which she had first dropped in her saucer as if by mistake; looking round furtively afterwards, and reverting to her teacup with a small innocent noise as of a tiny timid quadruped. Pray think no ill of Miss Noble. That basket held small savings from her more portable food, destined for the children of her poor friends among whom she trotted on fine mornings; fostering and petting all needy creatures being so spontaneous a delight to her, that she regarded it much as if it had been a pleasant vice that she was addicted to. Perhaps she was conscious of being tempted to steal from those who had much that she might give to those who had nothing, and carried in her conscience the guilt of that repressed desire. One must be poor to know the luxury of giving!

disadvantageously - en desventaja; desaventajadamente

curmudgeon - un cascarrabias; testarudo, cascarrabias f

more silent - más silencioso

moderating - moderado, comedido, mediocre, moderar

no subject - No hay tema

steering - dirección; (steer); dirección

saucer - plato; platillo

furtively - furtivamente, a hurtadillas

reverting - reversión; revertir

quadruped - cuadrúpedo, tetrápodo

more portable - más portátil

trotted - trotó; trotar

fostering - acogida; fomento; (foster) acogida; fomento

needy - necesitado, pobre, menesteroso

addicted - adicto, viciado, causar adicción en, volver adicto, viciar

tempted - tentado; tentar

repressed - reprimido; reprimir

Mrs. Farebrother welcomed the guest with a lively formality and precision. She presently informed him that they were not often in want of medical aid in that house. She had brought up her children to wear flannel and not to over-eat themselves, which last habit she considered the chief reason why people needed doctors. Lydgate pleaded for those whose fathers and mothers had over-eaten themselves, but Mrs.

formality - formalidad

flannel - panela; franela

pleaded for - rogar por

Farebrother held that view of things dangerous: Nature was more just than that; it would be easy for any felon to say that his ancestors ought to have been hanged instead of him. If those who had bad fathers and mothers were bad themselves, they were hanged for that. There was no need to go back on what you couldn't see.

felon - delincuente; criminal

ancestors - ancestros; ancestro, antepasado

"My mother is like old George the Third," said the Vicar, "she objects to metaphysics."

metaphysics - metafísica

"I object to what is wrong, Camden. I say, keep hold of a few plain truths, and make everything square with them. When I was young, Mr. Lydgate, there never was any question about right and wrong. We knew our catechism, and that was enough; we learned our creed and our duty. Every respectable Church person had the same opinions. But now, if you speak out of the Prayer-book itself, you are liable to be contradicted."

catechism - catecismo

creed - credo, creer; (cree); credo, creer

"That makes rather a pleasant time of it for those who like to maintain their own point," said Lydgate.

maintain - mantener, sostener

"But my mother always gives way," said the Vicar, slyly.

gives way - se da paso

slyly - a hurtadillas; astutamente, arteramente

"No, no, Camden, you must not lead Mr. Lydgate into a mistake about me. I shall never show that disrespect to my parents, to give up what they taught me. Any one may see what comes of turning. If you change once, why not twenty times?"

disrespect - respeto

"A man might see good arguments for changing once, and not see them for changing again," said Lydgate, amused with the decisive old lady.

amused - divertido; entretener, distraer, divertir

"Excuse me there. If you go upon arguments, they are never wanting, when a man has no constancy of mind. My father never changed, and he preached plain moral sermons without arguments, and was a good man"few better. When you get me a good man made out of arguments, I will get you a good dinner with reading you the cookery-book. That's my opinion, and I think anybody's stomach will bear me out."

constancy - constancia, constancia

preached - predicado; predicar

cookery-book - (cookery-book) libro de cocina

"About the dinner certainly, mother," said Mr. Farebrother.

"It is the same thing, the dinner or the man. I am nearly seventy, Mr. Lydgate, and I go upon experience. I am not likely to follow new lights, though there are plenty of them here as elsewhere. I say, they came in with the mixed stuffs that will neither wash nor wear. It was not so in my youth: a Churchman was a Churchman, and a clergyman, you might be pretty sure, was a gentleman, if nothing else.

But now he may be no better than a Dissenter, and want to push aside my son on pretence of doctrine. But whoever may wish to push him aside, I am proud to say, Mr. Lydgate, that he will compare with any preacher in this kingdom, not to speak of this town, which is but a low standard to go by; at least, to my thinking, for I was born and bred at Exeter."

Whoever - a quién; cualquier, cualesquiera, cualquiera, quien

"A mother is never partial," said Mr. Farebrother, smiling. "What do you think Tyke's mother says about him?"

partial - parcial

"Ah, poor creature! what indeed?" said Mrs. Farebrother, her sharpness blunted for the moment by her confidence in maternal judgments. "She says the truth to herself, depend upon it."

sharpness - nitidez; agudeza

blunted - embotado; desafilado, despuntado

"And what is the truth?" said Lydgate. "I am curious to know."

"Oh, nothing bad at all," said Mr. Farebrother. "He is a zealous fellow: not very learned, and not very wise, I think"because I don't agree with him."

zealous - celoso, ferviente

I don't agree - No estoy de acuerdo

"Why, Camden!" said Miss Winifred, "Griffin and his wife told me only to-day, that Mr. Tyke said they should have no more coals if they came to hear you preach."

griffin - grifo

preach - predicar

Mrs. Farebrother laid down her knitting, which she had resumed after her small allowance of tea and toast, and looked at her son as if to say "You hear that?" Miss Noble said, "Oh poor things! poor things!" in reference, probably, to the double loss of preaching and coal. But the Vicar answered quietly"

knitting - tejer; punto, labor de punto; (knit); hacer punto, tricotar

"That is because they are not my parishioners. And I don't think my sermons are worth a load of coals to them."

load - cargar; carga

"Mr. Lydgate," said Mrs. Farebrother, who could not let this pass, "you don't know my son: he always undervalues himself. I tell him he is undervaluing the God who made him, and made him a most excellent preacher."

undervalues - nfravalora; subvalorar, subvaluar

undervaluing - nfravaloración; subvalorar, subvaluar

"That must be a hint for me to take Mr. Lydgate away to my study, mother," said the Vicar, laughing. "I promised to show you my collection," he added, turning to Lydgate; "shall we go?"

All three ladies remonstrated. Mr. Lydgate ought not to be hurried away without being allowed to accept another cup of tea: Miss Winifred had abundance of good tea in the pot. Why was Camden in such haste to take a visitor to his den? There was nothing but pickled vermin, and drawers full of blue-bottles and moths, with no carpet on the floor. Mr. Lydgate must excuse it. A game at cribbage would be far better. In short, it was plain that a vicar might be adored by his womankind as the king of men and preachers, and yet be held by them to stand in much need of their direction.

remonstrated - remonstrated; quejarse

abundance - abundancia

den - guarida

pickled - en escabeche; encurtido

drawers - cajones; cajón

moths - polillas; mariposa nocturna

preachers - predicadores; predicador

Lydgate, with the usual shallowness of a young bachelor, wondered that Mr. Farebrother had not taught them better.

shallowness - uperficialidad

"My mother is not used to my having visitors who can take any interest in my hobbies," said the Vicar, as he opened the door of his study, which was indeed as bare of luxuries for the body as the ladies had implied, unless a short porcelain pipe and a tobacco-box were to be excepted.

porcelain - porcelana, loza

tobacco-box - (tobacco-box) caja de tabaco

"Men of your profession don't generally smoke," he said. Lydgate smiled and shook his head. "Nor of mine either, properly, I suppose. You will hear that pipe alleged against me by Bulstrode and Company. They don't know how pleased the devil would be if I gave it up."

"I understand. You are of an excitable temper and want a sedative. I am heavier, and should get idle with it. I should rush into idleness, and stagnate there with all my might."

excitable - excitable

sedative - sedante, sedativo

stagnate - se estanca; estancar

"And you mean to give it all to your work. I am some ten or twelve years older than you, and have come to a compromise. I feed a weakness or two lest they should get clamorous. See," continued the Vicar, opening several small drawers, "I fancy I have made an exhaustive study of the entomology of this district. I am going on both with the fauna and flora; but I have at least done my insects well.

clamorous - clamoroso

exhaustive - exhaustivo

Entomology - entomología

district - distrito, distrito

fauna - fauna

We are singularly rich in orthoptera: I don't know whether"Ah! you have got hold of that glass jar"you are looking into that instead of my drawers. You don't really care about these things?"

singularly - Singularmente

orthoptera - ortópteros

jar - jarra; tarro, bote

"Not by the side of this lovely anencephalous monster. I have never had time to give myself much to natural history. I was early bitten with an interest in structure, and it is what lies most directly in my profession. I have no hobby besides. I have the sea to swim in there."

anencephalous - Anencéfalo

monster - monstruo, fiera

"Ah! you are a happy fellow," said Mr. Farebrother, turning on his heel and beginning to fill his pipe. "You don't know what it is to wAnt spiritual tobacco"bad emendations of old texts, or small items about a variety of Aphis Brassicae, with the well-known signature of Philomicron, for the ˜Twaddler's Magazine;'or a learned treatise on the entomology of the Pentateuch, including all the insects not mentioned, but probably met with by the Israelites in their passage through the desert; with a monograph on the Ant, as treated by Solomon, showing the harmony of the Book of Proverbs with the results of modern research.

heel - tacón; talón

ant - hormiga

tobacco - tabaco

emendations - Enmienda

Aphis - Afis

signature - firma, checkpliego

Pentateuch - Pentateuco

Israelites - israelitas; israelita

monograph - monografía

harmony - armonía, armonía

proverbs - proverbios; proverbio, refrán, paremia

You don't mind my fumigating you?"

fumigating - fumigar

Lydgate was more surprised at the openness of this talk than at its implied meaning"that the Vicar felt himself not altogether in the right vocation. The neat fitting-up of drawers and shelves, and the bookcase filled with expensive illustrated books on Natural History, made him think again of the winnings at cards and their destination. But he was beginning to wish that the very best construction of everything that Mr.

neat - bien; pulcro, ordenado

Illustrated - Ilustrado; (illustrate); ilustrar

winnings - Ganando

Farebrother did should be the true one. The Vicar's frankness seemed not of the repulsive sort that comes from an uneasy consciousness seeking to forestall the judgment of others, but simply the relief of a desire to do with as little pretence as possible. Apparently he was not without a sense that his freedom of speech might seem premature, for he presently said"

repulsive - repulsivo

forestall - prevenir

"I have not yet told you that I have the advantage of you, Mr. Lydgate, and know you better than you know me. You remember Trawley who shared your apartment at Paris for some time? I was a correspondent of his, and he told me a good deal about you. I was not quite sure when you first came that you were the same man. I was very glad when I found that you were. Only I don't forget that you have not had the like prologue about me."

correspondent - corresponsal

prologue - prólogo

Lydgate divined some delicacy of feeling here, but did not half understand it. "By the way," he said, "what has become of Trawley? I have quite lost sight of him. He was hot on the French social systems, and talked of going to the Backwoods to found a sort of Pythagorean community. Is he gone?"

divined - divinado; divino

delicacy of feeling - delicadeza de sentimientos

Backwoods - Madera vieja

Pythagorean - pitagórica; pitagórico

"Not at all. He is practising at a German bath, and has married a rich patient."

German - alemán, alemana, germano, germana

"Then my notions wear the best, so far," said Lydgate, with a short scornful laugh. "He would have it, the medical profession was an inevitable system of humbug. I said, the fault was in the men"men who truckle to lies and folly.

scornful - despreciativo

truckle - Camión

Instead of preaching against humbug outside the walls, it might be better to set up a disinfecting apparatus within. In short"I am reporting my own conversation"you may be sure I had all the good sense on my side."

disinfecting - desinfección; desinfectar

"Your scheme is a good deal more difficult to carry out than the Pythagorean community, though. You have not only got the old Adam in yourself against you, but you have got all those descendants of the original Adam who form the society around you. You see, I have paid twelve or thirteen years more than you for my knowledge of difficulties.

descendants - descendientes; descendiente

But""Mr. Farebrother broke off a moment, and then added, "you are eying that glass vase again. Do you want to make an exchange? You shall not have it without a fair barter."

barter - hacer trueque; trueque, trocar

"I have some sea-mice"fine specimens"in spirits. And I will throw in Robert Brown's new thing"˜Microscopic Observations on the Pollen of Plants'"if you don't happen to have it already."

specimens - especímenes; espécimen, ejemplar

Robert - Roberto

microscopic - microscópico

pollen - polen

"Why, seeing how you long for the monster, I might ask a higher price. Suppose I ask you to look through my drawers and agree with me about all my new species?" The Vicar, while he talked in this way, alternately moved about with his pipe in his mouth, and returned to hang rather fondly over his drawers. "That would be good discipline, you know, for a young doctor who has to please his patients in Middlemarch. You must learn to be bored, remember. However, you shall have the monster on your own terms.

species - Especie

fondly - con carino

discipline - disciplina, castigo, ramo, disciplinar

be bored - estar aburrido

"Don't you think men overrate the necessity for humoring everybody's nonsense, till they get despised by the very fools they humor?" said Lydgate, moving to Mr. Farebrother's side, and looking rather absently at the insects ranged in fine gradation, with names subscribed in exquisite writing. "The shortest way is to make your value felt, so that people must put up with you whether you flatter them or not."

overrate - sobrevaloración; sobrevalorar, sobreestimar

humoring - humor

despised - despreciado; desdenar

ranged in - abarcar

subscribed - suscrito; suscribirse

"With all my heart. But then you must be sure of having the value, and you must keep yourself independent. Very few men can do that. Either you slip out of service altogether, and become good for nothing, or you wear the harness and draw a good deal where your yoke-fellows pull you. But do look at these delicate orthoptera!"

Lydgate had after all to give some scrutiny to each drawer, the Vicar laughing at himself, and yet persisting in the exhibition.

scrutiny - escrutinio, escudrino, escudrinamiento

persisting - persiste; persistir

"Apropos of what you said about wearing harness," Lydgate began, after they had sat down, "I made up my mind some time ago to do with as little of it as possible. That was why I determined not to try anything in London, for a good many years at least. I didn't like what I saw when I was studying there"so much empty bigwiggism, and obstructive trickery.

apropos - pertinente, oportuno, a propósito

bigwiggism - Gigantilismo

trickery - trucos; triquinuela, superchería, trapisonda

In the country, people have less pretension to knowledge, and are less of companions, but for that reason they affect one's amour-propre less: one makes less bad blood, and can follow one's own course more quietly."

pretension - Pretensión

"Yes"well"you have got a good start; you are in the right profession, the work you feel yourself most fit for. Some people miss that, and repent too late. But you must not be too sure of keeping your independence."

repent - arrepentirse

Independence - independencia

"You mean of family ties?" said Lydgate, conceiving that these might press rather tightly on Mr. Farebrother.

tightly - con fuerza; herméticamente

"Not altogether. Of course they make many things more difficult. But a good wife"a good unworldly woman"may really help a man, and keep him more independent. There's a parishioner of mine"a fine fellow, but who would hardly have pulled through as he has done without his wife. Do you know the Garths? I think they were not Peacock's patients."

more independent - más independiente

parishioner - feligrés, parroquiano

pulled through - superar, atravesar, recuperarse

"No; but there is a Miss Garth at old Featherstone's, at Lowick."

"Their daughter: an excellent girl."

"She is very quiet"I have hardly noticed her."

"She has taken notice of you, though, depend upon it."

"I don't understand," said Lydgate; he could hardly say "Of course."

I don't understand - No lo entiendo

"Oh, she gauges everybody. I prepared her for confirmation"she is a favorite of mine."

gauges - calibradores; medida, medidor, medir

confirmation - confirmación

Mr. Farebrother puffed a few moments in silence, Lydgate not caring to know more about the Garths. At last the Vicar laid down his pipe, stretched out his legs, and turned his bright eyes with a smile towards Lydgate, saying"

"But we Middlemarchers are not so tame as you take us to be. We have our intrigues and our parties. I am a party man, for example, and Bulstrode is another. If you vote for me you will offend Bulstrode."

tame - dócil; domesticado; doméstico

"What is there against Bulstrode?" said Lydgate, emphatically.

"I did not say there was anything against him except that. If you vote against him you will make him your enemy."

"I don't know that I need mind about that," said Lydgate, rather proudly; "but he seems to have good ideas about hospitals, and he spends large sums on useful public objects. He might help me a good deal in carrying out my ideas. As to his religious notions"why, as Voltaire said, incantations will destroy a flock of sheep if administered with a certain quantity of arsenic.

proudly - orgulloso; fieramente, orgullosamente

sums - suma

flock - rebano, bandada

administered - administrado; administrar

arsenic - arsénico, trióxido de arsénico

I look for the man who will bring the arsenic, and don't mind about his incantations."

"Very good. But then you must not offend your arsenic-man. You will not offend me, you know," said Mr. Farebrother, quite unaffectedly. "I don't translate my own convenience into other people's duties. I am opposed to Bulstrode in many ways. I don't like the set he belongs to: they are a narrow ignorant set, and do more to make their neighbors uncomfortable than to make them better. Their system is a sort of worldly-spiritual cliqueism: they really look on the rest of mankind as a doomed carcass which is to nourish them for heaven.

unaffectedly - Sin afectación

convenience - conveniencia, comodidad

opposed - Oposición

cliqueism - Ciclismo

doomed - condenado; condenar, danar

carcass - cadáver, carcasa

nourish - nutrir

But," he added, smilingly, "I don't say that Bulstrode's new hospital is a bad thing; and as to his wanting to oust me from the old one"why, if he thinks me a mischievous fellow, he is only returning a compliment. And I am not a model clergyman"only a decent makeshift."

smilingly - Sonriendo

oust - expulsar; deponer

mischievous - pícaro, travieso

Lydgate was not at all sure that the Vicar maligned himself. A model clergyman, like a model doctor, ought to think his own profession the finest in the world, and take all knowledge as mere nourishment to his moral pathology and therapeutics. He only said, "What reason does Bulstrode give for superseding you?"

therapeutics - terapéutica; terapéutico

superseding - sustitución; substituir, sustituir, suplantar

"That I don't teach his opinions"which he calls spiritual religion; and that I have no time to spare. Both statements are true. But then I could make time, and I should be glad of the forty pounds. That is the plain fact of the case. But let us dismiss it. I only wanted to tell you that if you vote for your arsenic-man, you are not to cut me in consequence.

dismiss - despedir, echar, disipar, rechazar, expulsar

I can't spare you. You are a sort of circumnavigator come to settle among us, and will keep up my belief in the antipodes. Now tell me all about them in Paris."

Antipodes - antípodas; antípoda


"Oh, sir, the loftiest hopes on earth

loftiest - el más alto; majestuoso

Draw lots with meaner hopes: heroic breasts,

breasts - senos; pecho, seno, teta, corazón, pechuga

Breathing bad air, run risk of pestilence;

pestilence - peste; pestilencia

Or, lacking lime-juice when they cross the Line,

lime - cal

May languish with the scurvy."

scurvy - escorbuto

Some weeks passed after this conversation before the question of the chaplaincy gathered any practical import for Lydgate, and without telling himself the reason, he deferred the predetermination on which side he should give his vote. It would really have been a matter of total indifference to him"that is to say, he would have taken the more convenient side, and given his vote for the appointment of Tyke without any hesitation"if he had not cared personally for Mr.

predetermination - Predeterminación

hesitation - hesitación, vacilación, dudas, titubeo


But his liking for the Vicar of St. Botolph's grew with growing acquaintanceship. That, entering into Lydgate's position as a new-comer who had his own professional objects to secure, Mr. Farebrother should have taken pains rather to warn off than to obtain his interest, showed an unusual delicacy and generosity, which Lydgate's nature was keenly alive to. It went along with other points of conduct in Mr. Farebrother which were exceptionally fine, and made his character resemble those southern landscapes which seem divided between natural grandeur and social slovenliness. Very few men could have been as filial and chivalrous as he was to the mother, aunt, and sister, whose dependence on him had in many ways shaped his life rather uneasily for himself; few men who feel the pressure of small needs are so nobly resolute not to dress up their inevitably self-interested desires in a pretext of better motives. In these matters he was conscious that his life would bear the closest scrutiny; and perhaps the consciousness encouraged a little defiance towards the critical strictness of persons whose celestial intimacies seemed not to improve their domestic manners, and whose lofty aims were not needed to account for their actions.

obtain - obtener, coger

generosity - generosidad

exceptionally - excepcionalmente

dependence - dependencia

inevitably - inevitablemente, indefectiblemente

pretext - pretexto

defiance - desafío

strictness - estricto

intimacies - intimidades; intimidad

Then, his preaching was ingenious and pithy, like the preaching of the English Church in its robust age, and his sermons were delivered without book. People outside his parish went to hear him; and, since to fill the church was always the most difficult part of a clergyman's function, here was another ground for a careless sense of superiority. Besides, he was a likable man: sweet-tempered, ready-witted, frank, without grins of suppressed bitterness or other conversational flavors which make half of us an affliction to our friends. Lydgate liked him heartily, and wished for his friendship.

pithy - conciso, sentencioso, lacónico, lapidario

robust - robusto

likable - agradable

witted - Ingenioso

grins - sonrisas; sonreír abiertamente, sonreír de oreja a oreja

flavors - sabores; sabor, gusto, saborizar, condimentar

With this feeling uppermost, he continued to waive the question of the chaplaincy, and to persuade himself that it was not only no proper business of his, but likely enough never to vex him with a demand for his vote. Lydgate, at Mr. Bulstrode's request, was laying down plans for the internal arrangements of the new hospital, and the two were often in consultation. The banker was always presupposing that he could count in general on Lydgate as a coadjutor, but made no special recurrence to the coming decision between Tyke and Farebrother. When the General Board of the Infirmary had met, however, and Lydgate had notice that the question of the chaplaincy was thrown on a council of the directors and medical men, to meet on the following Friday, he had a vexed sense that he must make up his mind on this trivial Middlemarch business. He could not help hearing within him the distinct declaration that Bulstrode was prime minister, and that the Tyke affair was a question of office or no office; and he could not help an equally pronounced dislike to giving up the prospect of office. For his observation was constantly confirming Mr. Farebrother's assurance that the banker would not overlook opposition. "Confound their petty politics!" was one of his thoughts for three mornings in the meditative process of shaving, when he had begun to feel that he must really hold a court of conscience on this matter. Certainly there were valid things to be said against the election of Mr. Farebrother: he had too much on his hands already, especially considering how much time he spent on non-clerical occupations. Then again it was a continually repeated shock, disturbing Lydgate's esteem, that the Vicar should obviously play for the sake of money, liking the play indeed, but evidently liking some end which it served.

recurrence - recidiva; recurrencia, recaída

Council - consejo; concejo

distinct - distinto

declaration - declaración

prime - primer, primero

overlook - mirador, pasar por alto, otear

occupations - ocupaciones; ocupación

esteem - estima

Mr. Farebrother contended on theory for the desirability of all games, and said that Englishmen's wit was stagnant for want of them; but Lydgate felt certain that he would have played very much less but for the money. There was a billiard-room at the Green Dragon, which some anxious mothers and wives regarded as the chief temptation in Middlemarch. The Vicar was a first-rate billiard-player, and though he did not frequent the Green Dragon, there were reports that he had sometimes been there in the daytime and had won money. And as to the chaplaincy, he did not pretend that he cared for it, except for the sake of the forty pounds. Lydgate was no Puritan, but he did not care for play, and winning money at it had always seemed a meanness to him; besides, he had an ideal of life which made this subservience of conduct to the gaining of small sums thoroughly hateful to him. Hitherto in his own life his wants had been supplied without any trouble to himself, and his first impulse was always to be liberal with half-crowns as matters of no importance to a gentleman; it had never occurred to him to devise a plan for getting half-crowns. He had always known in a general way that he was not rich, but he had never felt poor, and he had no power of imagining the part which the want of money plays in determining the actions of men. Money had never been a motive to him. Hence he was not ready to frame excuses for this deliberate pursuit of small gains. It was altogether repulsive to him, and he never entered into any calculation of the ratio between the Vicar's income and his more or less necessary expenditure. It was possible that he would not have made such a calculation in his own case.

wit - agudeza, ingenio, chispa, gracia

stagnant - estancada; estancado, atascado

billiard - Billar

temptation - tentación

daytime - durante el día; día

subservience - sumisión; servilismo

gaining - Ganando; (gain) Ganando

hateful - odioso, detestable

crowns - coronas; corona

devise - dear; concebir, inventar, tramar, maquinar, legar

excuses - excusas; excusar, perdonar, panish: t-needed

deliberate - deliberada; deliberado, a propósito, prudente, deliberar

gains - ganancias; ganar, adquirir, obtener, conseguir

ratio - razón, cociente, relación, ratio

expenditure - gastos; gasto

And now, when the question of voting had come, this repulsive fact told more strongly against Mr. Farebrother than it had done before. One would know much better what to do if men's characters were more consistent, and especially if one's friends were invariably fit for any function they desired to undertake! Lydgate was convinced that if there had been no valid objection to Mr. Farebrother, he would have voted for him, whatever Bulstrode might have felt on the subject: he did not intend to be a vassal of Bulstrode's.

invariably - invariablemente

vassal - vasallo, avasallar

On the other hand, there was Tyke, a man entirely given to his clerical office, who was simply curate at a chapel of ease in St. Peter's parish, and had time for extra duty. Nobody had anything to say against Mr. Tyke, except that they could not bear him, and suspected him of cant. Really, from his point of view, Bulstrode was thoroughly justified.

cant - no puedes; hipocresía

But whichever way Lydgate began to incline, there was something to make him wince; and being a proud man, he was a little exasperated at being obliged to wince. He did not like frustrating his own best purposes by getting on bad terms with Bulstrode; he did not like voting against Farebrother, and helping to deprive him of function and salary; and the question occurred whether the additional forty pounds might not leave the Vicar free from that ignoble care about winning at cards. Moreover, Lydgate did not like the consciousness that in voting for Tyke he should be voting on the side obviously convenient for himself. But would the end really be his own convenience? Other people would say so, and would allege that he was currying favor with Bulstrode for the sake of making himself important and getting on in the world. What then? He for his own part knew that if his personal prospects simply had been concerned, he would not have cared a rotten nut for the banker's friendship or enmity. What he really cared for was a medium for his work, a vehicle for his ideas; and after all, was he not bound to prefer the object of getting a good hospital, where he could demonstrate the specific distinctions of fever and test therapeutic results, before anything else connected with this chaplaincy?

whichever - cualquier, cualquiera que, el que sea

exasperated - exasperado; exasperar

deprive - desproveer, privar

ignoble - innoble

allege - alegar

rotten - podrido, estropeado, malo, putrefacto

enmity - enemistad

distinctions - distinciones; distinción

therapeutic - terapéutico

For the first time Lydgate was feeling the hampering threadlike pressure of small social conditions, and their frustrating complexity. At the end of his inward debate, when he set out for the hospital, his hope was really in the chance that discussion might somehow give a new aspect to the question, and make the scale dip so as to exclude the necessity for voting. I think he trusted a little also to the energy which is begotten by circumstances"some feeling rushing warmly and making resolve easy, while debate in cool blood had only made it more difficult. However it was, he did not distinctly say to himself on which side he would vote; and all the while he was inwardly resenting the subjection which had been forced upon him. It would have seemed beforehand like a ridiculous piece of bad logic that he, with his unmixed resolutions of independence and his select purposes, would find himself at the very outset in the grasp of petty alternatives, each of which was repugnant to him. In his student's chambers, he had prearranged his social action quite differently.

hampering - bstaculizando; estorbar, impedir, obstaculizar

threadlike - en forma de hilo

complexity - complejidad

trusted - de confianza; confianza, crédito, fiar, consorcio, trust

begotten - engendrado; engendrar, concebir

rushing - Prisa; (rush) Prisa

warmly - calurosamente

resenting - resentido; ofenderse, tomarse a mal

logic - lógica

select - selecto, seleccionar

outset - principio, comienzo

grasp - agarrar, asir, comprender, asimiento, comprensión, alcance

repugnant - repugnante

Lydgate was late in setting out, but Dr. Sprague, the two other surgeons, and several of the directors had arrived early; Mr. Bulstrode, treasurer and chairman, being among those who were still absent. The conversation seemed to imply that the issue was problematical, and that a majority for Tyke was not so certain as had been generally supposed. The two physicians, for a wonder, turned out to be unanimous, or rather, though of different minds, they concurred in action. Dr. Sprague, the rugged and weighty, was, as every one had foreseen, an adherent of Mr. Farebrother. The Doctor was more than suspected of having no religion, but somehow Middlemarch tolerated this deficiency in him as if he had been a Lord Chancellor; indeed it is probable that his professional weight was the more believed in, the world-old association of cleverness with the evil principle being still potent in the minds even of lady-patients who had the strictest ideas of frilling and sentiment.

treasurer - tesorero, tesorera

chairman - presidente, secretario general, presidente

majority - mayoría, mayoría de edad

unanimous - unánime

concurred - está de acuerdo; estar de acuerdo, acordar, concurrir

weighty - pesado, de peso, importante

adherent - adhesivo, adherente, adherente

tolerated - se tolera; tolerar, soportar

Lord Chancellor - Lord Canciller

Association - asociación

potent - potente

strictest - el más estricto; estricto

It was perhaps this negation in the Doctor which made his neighbors call him hard-headed and dry-witted; conditions of texture which were also held favorable to the storing of judgments connected with drugs. At all events, it is certain that if any medical man had come to Middlemarch with the reputation of having very definite religious views, of being given to prayer, and of otherwise showing an active piety, there would have been a general presumption against his medical skill.

negation - negación

texture - textura, textura

On this ground it was (professionally speaking) fortunate for Dr. Minchin that his religious sympathies were of a general kind, and such as gave a distant medical sanction to all serious sentiment, whether of Church or Dissent, rather than any adhesion to particular tenets. If Mr. Bulstrode insisted, as he was apt to do, on the Lutheran doctrine of justification, as that by which a Church must stand or fall, Dr. Minchin in return was quite sure that man was not a mere machine or a fortuitous conjunction of atoms; if Mrs. Wimple insisted on a particular providence in relation to her stomach complaint, Dr. Minchin for his part liked to keep the mental windows open and objected to fixed limits; if the Unitarian brewer jested about the Athanasian Creed, Dr. Minchin quoted Pope's "Essay on Man.

professionally - profesionalmente

sympathies - simpatías; compasión, empatía, compasión

adhesion - adhesión

tenets - rincipios; creencia, principio, dogma

Lutheran - luterano, luterano, luterana

justification - justificación

fortuitous - fortuito

conjunction - conjunción, unión

Unitarian - unitario

brewer - cervecero

jested - bromeas; broma

He objected to the rather free style of anecdote in which Dr. Sprague indulged, preferring well-sanctioned quotations, and liking refinement of all kinds: it was generally known that he had some kinship to a bishop, and sometimes spent his holidays at "the palace."

anecdote - anécdota, chascarrillo

indulged - complacido; ceder, sucumbir, mimar, consentir

sanctioned - sancionado; autorización, aprobación, decreto, sanción

kinship - parentesco

Dr. Minchin was soft-handed, pale-complexioned, and of rounded outline, not to be distinguished from a mild clergyman in appearance: whereas Dr. Sprague was superfluously tall; his trousers got creased at the knees, and showed an excess of boot at a time when straps seemed necessary to any dignity of bearing; you heard him go in and out, and up and down, as if he had come to see after the roofing. In short, he had weight, and might be expected to grapple with a disease and throw it; while Dr. Minchin might be better able to detect it lurking and to circumvent it. They enjoyed about equally the mysterious privilege of medical reputation, and concealed with much etiquette their contempt for each other's skill. Regarding themselves as Middlemarch institutions, they were ready to combine against all innovators, and against non-professionals given to interference. On this ground they were both in their hearts equally averse to Mr. Bulstrode, though Dr. Minchin had never been in open hostility with him, and never differed from him without elaborate explanation to Mrs. Bulstrode, who had found that Dr. Minchin alone understood her constitution. A layman who pried into the professional conduct of medical men, and was always obtruding his reforms,"though he was less directly embarrassing to the two physicians than to the surgeon-apothecaries who attended paupers by contract, was nevertheless offensive to the professional nostril as such; and Dr.

complexioned - tez

superfluously - superfluamente

creased - arrugado; arruga, pliegue, raya

straps - correas; correa, cincha, tirante

grapple - forcejear, luchar

detect - detectar, sentir

circumvent - evitar, eludir, rodear, bordear, circunvalar

concealed - ocultos; esconder, ocultar

etiquette - etiqueta

innovators - innovadores; innovador

averse - averso; opuesto

hostility - hostilidad

elaborate - elaborar; profundizar

pried - prisionado; fisgonear, curiosear

obtruding - Intruso; (obtrude); imponer, checkimponerse, checksobresalir

apothecaries - boticario

paupers - ndigentes; indigente

contract - contrato; contraer

nostril - narina, fosa nasal

Minchin shared fully in the new pique against Bulstrode, excited by his apparent determination to patronize Lydgate. The long-established practitioners, Mr. Wrench and Mr. Toller; were just now standing apart and having a friendly colloquy, in which they agreed that Lydgate was a jackanapes, just made to serve Bulstrode's purpose. To non-medical friends they had already concurred in praising the other young practitioner, who had come into the town on Mr. Peacock's retirement without further recommendation than his own merits and such argument for solid professional acquirement as might be gathered from his having apparently wasted no time on other branches of knowledge. It was clear that Lydgate, by not dispensing drugs, intended to cast imputations on his equals, and also to obscure the limit between his own rank as a general practitioner and that of the physicians, who, in the interest of the profession, felt bound to maintain its various grades,"especially against a man who had not been to either of the English universities and enjoyed the absence of anatomical and bedside study there, but came with a libellous pretension to experience in Edinburgh and Paris, where observation might be abundant indeed, but hardly sound.

pique - resentimiento, despecho

apparent - visible, claro, evidente, manifiesto, aparente, ostensible

patronize - patrocinar, frecuentar, hablar con tono paternalista

established - establecido; establecer, instaurar, nombrar

colloquy - coloquio, conversación, coloquio

praising - alabando; (praise); alabanza, loa, enaltecimiento, elogio

retirement - jubilación, retirada

imputations - imputaciones; imputación

bedside - al lado de la cama

libellous - Difamatorio

Thus it happened that on this occasion Bulstrode became identified with Lydgate, and Lydgate with Tyke; and owing to this variety of interchangeable names for the chaplaincy question, diverse minds were enabled to form the same judgment concerning it.

owing - deber, adeudar, estar en deuda

interchangeable - intercambiables; intercambiable

diverse - diverso, diferente

Dr. Sprague said at once bluntly to the group assembled when he entered, "I go for Farebrother. A salary, with all my heart. But why take it from the Vicar? He has none too much"has to insure his life, besides keeping house, and doing a vicar's charities. Put forty pounds in his pocket and you'll do no harm. He's a good fellow, is Farebrother, with as little of the parson about him as will serve to carry orders."

insure - asegurar

keeping house - Mantener la casa

"Ho, ho! Doctor," said old Mr. Powderell, a retired iron-monger of some standing"his interjection being something between a laugh and a Parliamentary disapproval; "we must let you have your say. But what we have to consider is not anybody's income"it's the souls of the poor sick people""here Mr.

Ho - Qué

monger - mercader

interjection - interjección

parliamentary - parlamentaria; parlamentario

sick people - enfermos

Powderell's voice and face had a sincere pathos in them. "He is a real Gospel preacher, is Mr. Tyke. I should vote against my conscience if I voted against Mr. Tyke"I should indeed."

gospel - evangelio

"Mr. Tyke's opponents have not asked any one to vote against his conscience, I believe," said Mr. Hackbutt, a rich tanner of fluent speech, whose glittering spectacles and erect hair were turned with some severity towards innocent Mr.

tanner - Curtidor; (tan) Curtidor

glittering - resplandeciente; chispeante; (glitter); brillo, purpurina

erect - erecto, erguido

severity - severidad, seriedad, gravedad

Powderell. "But in my judgment it behoves us, as Directors, to consider whether we will regard it as our whole business to carry out propositions emanating from a single quarter. Will any member of the committee aver that he would have entertained the idea of displacing the gentleman who has always discharged the function of chaplain here, if it had not been suggested to him by parties whose disposition it is to regard every institution of this town as a machinery for carrying out their own views? I tax no man's motives: let them lie between himself and a higher Power; but I do say, that there are influences at work here which are incompatible with genuine independence, and that a crawling servility is usually dictated by circumstances which gentlemen so conducting themselves could not afford either morally or financially to avow. I myself am a layman, but I have given no inconsiderable attention to the divisions in the Church and""

behoves - le conviene; corresponder, concernir, incumbir

propositions - propuestas; propuesta, proposición

emanating - emanar

committee - comité, comisión

aver - Qué

displacing - desplazando; desahuciar, desplazar, desterrar, reprimir

discharged - dado de alta; cumplir, completar, despedir, descargar, descargo

Institution - institución

machinery - máquinas, maquinaria, checkmecánica

crawling - Arrastrándose; (crawl) Arrastrándose

servility - servilismo

dictated - ictado; orden, ordenar, dictar

conducting - conduciendo; conducción, conducta, guiar, dirigir, manejar

financially - financieramente

avow - confesar, admitir, reconocer

inconsiderable - despreciable

divisions - divisiones; división, parte

"Oh, damn the divisions!" burst in Mr. Frank Hawley, lawyer and town-clerk, who rarely presented himself at the board, but now looked in hurriedly, whip in hand. "We have nothing to do with them here. Farebrother has been doing the work"what there was"without pay, and if pay is to be given, it should be given to him. I call it a confounded job to take the thing away from Farebrother."

damn - maldecir; maldita sea

burst in - Irrumpir

clerk - clérigo, oficinista, secretario, escribiente

confounded - confundido; confundir, empeorar

"I think it would be as well for gentlemen not to give their remarks a personal bearing," said Mr. Plymdale. "I shall vote for the appointment of Mr. Tyke, but I should not have known, if Mr. Hackbutt hadn't hinted it, that I was a Servile Crawler."

servile - servil

Crawler - Oruga

"I disclaim any personalities. I expressly said, if I may be allowed to repeat, or even to conclude what I was about to say""

disclaim - renunciar; negar, rechazar

expressly - expresamente

"Ah, here's Minchin!" said Mr. Frank Hawley; at which everybody turned away from Mr. Hackbutt, leaving him to feel the uselessness of superior gifts in Middlemarch. "Come, Doctor, I must have you on the right side, eh?"

"I hope so," said Dr. Minchin, nodding and shaking hands here and there; "at whatever cost to my feelings."

"If there's any feeling here, it should be feeling for the man who is turned out, I think," said Mr. Frank Hawley.

"I confess I have feelings on the other side also. I have a divided esteem," said Dr. Minchin, rubbing his hands. "I consider Mr. Tyke an exemplary man"none more so"and I believe him to be proposed from unimpeachable motives. I, for my part, wish that I could give him my vote. But I am constrained to take a view of the case which gives the preponderance to Mr.

exemplary - ejemplarizante

unimpeachable - impepinable

preponderance - preponderancia

Farebrother's claims. He is an amiable man, an able preacher, and has been longer among us."

Old Mr. Powderell looked on, sad and silent. Mr. Plymdale settled his cravat, uneasily.

cravat - corbata; mascada

"You don't set up Farebrother as a pattern of what a clergyman ought to be, I hope," said Mr. Larcher, the eminent carrier, who had just come in. "I have no ill-will towards him, but I think we owe something to the public, not to speak of anything higher, in these appointments.

carrier - transportista, companía de transportes, empresa de transportes

In my opinion Farebrother is too lax for a clergyman. I don't wish to bring up particulars against him; but he will make a little attendance here go as far as he can."

"And a devilish deal better than too much," said Mr. Hawley, whose bad language was notorious in that part of the county. "Sick people can't bear so much praying and preaching. And that methodistical sort of religion is bad for the spirits"bad for the inside, eh?" he added, turning quickly round to the four medical men who were assembled.

devilish - endiablado; diabólico

notorious - no es notorio; de mala fama, notorio, afamado

But any answer was dispensed with by the entrance of three gentlemen, with whom there were greetings more or less cordial. These were the Reverend Edward Thesiger, Rector of St. Peter's, Mr. Bulstrode, and our friend Mr. Brooke of Tipton, who had lately allowed himself to be put on the board of directors in his turn, but had never before attended, his attendance now being due to Mr.

dispensed - dispensado; dispensar

greetings - saludos; saludo

Bulstrode's exertions. Lydgate was the only person still expected.

exertions - esfuerzos; esfuerzo

Every one now sat down, Mr. Bulstrode presiding, pale and self-restrained as usual. Mr. Thesiger, a moderate evangelical, wished for the appointment of his friend Mr. Tyke, a zealous able man, who, officiating at a chapel of ease, had not a cure of souls too extensive to leave him ample time for the new duty. It was desirable that chaplaincies of this kind should be entered on with a fervent intention: they were peculiar opportunities for spiritual influence; and while it was good that a salary should be allotted, there was the more need for scrupulous watching lest the office should be perverted into a mere question of salary.

presiding - presidiendo; presidir

cure of souls - cura de almas

extensive - extenso

ample - amplio, extenso, abundante, generoso

chaplaincies - Capellanía

fervent - fervoroso; ferviente

allotted - asignado; distribuir, repartir

perverted - pervertido, pervertir

Mr. Thesiger's manner had so much quiet propriety that objectors could only simmer in silence.

simmer - hervir a fuego lento

Mr. Brooke believed that everybody meant well in the matter. He had not himself attended to the affairs of the Infirmary, though he had a strong interest in whatever was for the benefit of Middlemarch, and was most happy to meet the gentlemen present on any public question""any public question, you know," Mr. Brooke repeated, with his nod of perfect understanding. "I am a good deal occupied as a magistrate, and in the collection of documentary evidence, but I regard my time as being at the disposal of the public"and, in short, my friends have convinced me that a chaplain with a salary"a salary, you know"is a very good thing, and I am happy to be able to come here and vote for the appointment of Mr.

documentary evidence - prueba documental

disposal - liminación; desecho

Tyke, who, I understand, is an unexceptionable man, apostolic and eloquent and everything of that kind"and I am the last man to withhold my vote"under the circumstances, you know."

apostolic - apostólica; apostólico

eloquent - elocuente

withhold - retener, negar, rehusar

"It seems to me that you have been crammed with one side of the question, Mr. Brooke," said Mr. Frank Hawley, who was afraid of nobody, and was a Tory suspicious of electioneering intentions. "You don't seem to know that one of the worthiest men we have has been doing duty as chaplain here for years without pay, and that Mr. Tyke is proposed to supersede him."

crammed - atiborrado; atestar, atiborrar, embutir, chancar

worthiest - Digno

supersede - suprimir; substituir, sustituir, suplantar

"Excuse me, Mr. Hawley," said Mr. Bulstrode. "Mr. Brooke has been fully informed of Mr. Farebrother's character and position."

"By his enemies," flashed out Mr. Hawley.

flashed - flasheado; destello

"I trust there is no personal hostility concerned here," said Mr. Thesiger.

"I'll swear there is, though," retorted Mr. Hawley.

swear - jurar

retorted - replicó; replicar

"Gentlemen," said Mr. Bulstrode, in a subdued tone, "the merits of the question may be very briefly stated, and if any one present doubts that every gentleman who is about to give his vote has not been fully informed, I can now recapitulate the considerations that should weigh on either side."

recapitulate - recapitular

considerations - consideraciones; consideración

"I don't see the good of that," said Mr. Hawley. "I suppose we all know whom we mean to vote for. Any man who wants to do justice does not wait till the last minute to hear both sides of the question. I have no time to lose, and I propose that the matter be put to the vote at once."

A brief but still hot discussion followed before each person wrote "Tyke" or "Farebrother" on a piece of paper and slipped it into a glass tumbler; and in the mean time Mr. Bulstrode saw Lydgate enter.

tumbler - seguro, vaso de lados rectos, tumbler, volatinero

"I perceive that the votes are equally divided at present," said Mr. Bulstrode, in a clear biting voice. Then, looking up at Lydgate"

"There is a casting-vote still to be given. It is yours, Mr. Lydgate: will you be good enough to write?"

"The thing is settled now," said Mr. Wrench, rising. "We all know how Mr. Lydgate will vote."

"You seem to speak with some peculiar meaning, sir," said Lydgate, rather defiantly, and keeping his pencil suspended.

defiantly - Desafiante

suspended - suspendido; suspender

"I merely mean that you are expected to vote with Mr. Bulstrode. Do you regard that meaning as offensive?"

"It may be offensive to others. But I shall not desist from voting with him on that account." Lydgate immediately wrote down "Tyke."

desist - desistir

So the Rev. Walter Tyke became chaplain to the Infirmary, and Lydgate continued to work with Mr. Bulstrode. He was really uncertain whether Tyke were not the more suitable candidate, and yet his consciousness told him that if he had been quite free from indirect bias he should have voted for Mr. Farebrother. The affair of the chaplaincy remained a sore point in his memory as a case in which this petty medium of Middlemarch had been too strong for him. How could a man be satisfied with a decision between such alternatives and under such circumstances?

more suitable - más adecuado

sore - dolorido; doloroso

No more than he can be satisfied with his hat, which he has chosen from among such shapes as the resources of the age offer him, wearing it at best with a resignation which is chiefly supported by comparison.

But Mr. Farebrother met him with the same friendliness as before. The character of the publican and sinner is not always practically incompatible with that of the modern Pharisee, for the majority of us scarcely see more distinctly the faultiness of our own conduct than the faultiness of our own arguments, or the dulness of our own jokes. But the Vicar of St.

friendliness - amabilidad; amigabilidad

publican - público; patrón/dueno de un bar

practically - prácticamente

Botolph's had certainly escaped the slightest tincture of the Pharisee, and by dint of admitting to himself that he was too much as other men were, he had become remarkably unlike them in this"that he could excuse others for thinking slightly of him, and could judge impartially of their conduct even when it told against him.

slightest - lo más mínimo; insignificante, leve, ligero, falta de respeto

tincture - tintura; panish: t-needed

dint - no; abolladura

impartially - imparcialmente

"The world has been too strong for me, I know," he said one day to Lydgate. "But then I am not a mighty man"I shall never be a man of renown. The choice of Hercules is a pretty fable; but Prodicus makes it easy work for the hero, as if the first resolves were enough.

renown - renombre, distinción, fama, nombradía

Hercules - Hércules

fable - fábula

Resolves - resuelve; tomar la decisión de, resolver

Another story says that he came to hold the distaff, and at last wore the Nessus shirt. I suppose one good resolve might keep a man right if everybody else's resolve helped him."

distaff - mujer; rueca

The Vicar's talk was not always inspiriting: he had escaped being a Pharisee, but he had not escaped that low estimate of possibilities which we rather hastily arrive at as an inference from our own failure. Lydgate thought that there was a pitiable infirmity of will in Mr. Farebrother.

inspiriting - Inspirar

infirmity - enfermedad


"L'altra vedete ch'ha fatto alla guancia

ha - Ja

fatto - atto

Della sua palma, sospirando, letto."

"Purgatorio, vii.

When George the Fourth was still reigning over the privacies of Windsor, when the Duke of Wellington was Prime Minister, and Mr. Vincy was mayor of the old corporation in Middlemarch, Mrs. Casaubon, born Dorothea Brooke, had taken her wedding journey to Rome. In those days the world in general was more ignorant of good and evil by forty years than it is at present. Travellers did not often carry full information on Christian art either in their heads or their pockets; and even the most brilliant English critic of the day mistook the flower-flushed tomb of the ascended Virgin for an ornamental vase due to the painter's fancy.

privacies - intimidad, privacidad

corporation - corporación, sociedad anónima

most brilliant - el más brillante

critic - crítico

flushed - enjuagado; rubor

tomb - tumba

ascended - ascendió; subir, ascender

ornamental - ornamental

Romanticism, which has helped to fill some dull blanks with love and knowledge, had not yet penetrated the times with its leaven and entered into everybody's food; it was fermenting still as a distinguishable vigorous enthusiasm in certain long-haired German artists at Rome, and the youth of other nations who worked or idled near them were sometimes caught in the spreading movement.

romanticism - romanticismo

penetrated - penetrado; penetrar

Leaven - levadura, polvos de hornear, leudar

fermenting - fermentando; fermentar

idled - al ralentí; parado, inactivo

One fine morning a young man whose hair was not immoderately long, but abundant and curly, and who was otherwise English in his equipment, had just turned his back on the Belvedere Torso in the Vatican and was looking out on the magnificent view of the mountains from the adjoining round vestibule.

immoderately - inmoderadamente

Belvedere - mirador, belvedere

Torso - torso

vestibule - vestíbulo

He was sufficiently absorbed not to notice the approach of a dark-eyed, animated German who came up to him and placing a hand on his shoulder, said with a strong accent, "Come here, quick! else she will have changed her pose."

pose - postura, pose

Quickness was ready at the call, and the two figures passed lightly along by the Meleager, towards the hall where the reclining Ariadne, then called the Cleopatra, lies in the marble voluptuousness of her beauty, the drapery folding around her with a petal-like ease and tenderness. They were just in time to see another figure standing against a pedestal near the reclining marble: a breathing blooming girl, whose form, not shamed by the Ariadne, was clad in Quakerish gray drapery; her long cloak, fastened at the neck, was thrown backward from her arms, and one beautiful ungloved hand pillowed her cheek, pushing somewhat backward the white beaver bonnet which made a sort of halo to her face around the simply braided dark-brown hair.

Ariadne - Ariadna

Cleopatra - Cleopatra

marble - mármol, canica, balita

petal - pétalo

pedestal - pedestal, peana

shamed - avergonzado; vergüenza, pena

pillowed - almohada

beaver - castor

halo - halo, nimbo, aureola

She was not looking at the sculpture, probably not thinking of it: her large eyes were fixed dreamily on a streak of sunlight which fell across the floor. But she became conscious of the two strangers who suddenly paused as if to contemplate the Cleopatra, and, without looking at them, immediately turned away to join a maid-servant and courier who were loitering along the hall at a little distance off.

dreamily - ensonadoramente

sunlight - la luz del sol; luz del sol

courier - mensajero, estafeta

loitering - merodear; vagancia, merodeo; (loiter); holgazanear

"What do you think of that for a fine bit of antithesis?" said the German, searching in his friend's face for responding admiration, but going on volubly without waiting for any other answer. "There lies antique beauty, not corpse-like even in death, but arrested in the complete contentment of its sensuous perfection: and here stands beauty in its breathing life, with the consciousness of Christian centuries in its bosom. But she should be dressed as a nun; I think she looks almost what you call a Quaker; I would dress her as a nun in my picture.

volubly - volublemente; prolijamente, loquaçment

antique - antigüedades; antiguo, antigüedad

corpse - cuerpo, cadáver

nun - monja, religiosa

However, she is married; I saw her wedding-ring on that wonderful left hand, otherwise I should have thought the sallow Geistlicher was her father. I saw him parting from her a good while ago, and just now I found her in that magnificent pose. Only think! he is perhaps rich, and would like to have her portrait taken. Ah! it is no use looking after her"there she goes! Let us follow her home!"

"No, no," said his companion, with a little frown.

frown - fruncir el ceno

"You are singular, Ladislaw. You look struck together. Do you know her?"

"I know that she is married to my cousin," said Will Ladislaw, sauntering down the hall with a preoccupied air, while his German friend kept at his side and watched him eagerly.

sauntering - Paseando; (saunter); pasear, paseo

"What! the Geistlicher? He looks more like an uncle"a more useful sort of relation."

"He is not my uncle. I tell you he is my second cousin," said Ladislaw, with some irritation.

"Schön, schön. Don't be snappish. You are not angry with me for thinking Mrs. Second-Cousin the most perfect young Madonna I ever saw?"

"Angry? nonsense. I have only seen her once before, for a couple of minutes, when my cousin introduced her to me, just before I left England. They were not married then. I didn't know they were coming to Rome."

"But you will go to see them now"you will find out what they have for an address"since you know the name. Shall we go to the post? And you could speak about the portrait."

"Confound you, Naumann! I don't know what I shall do. I am not so brazen as you."

brazen - descarado

"Bah! that is because you are dilettantish and amateurish. If you were an artist, you would think of Mistress Second-Cousin as antique form animated by Christian sentiment"a sort of Christian Antigone"sensuous force controlled by spiritual passion."

amateurish - aficionado; amateur, inexperto, chapucero

Antigone - Antigona

"Yes, and that your painting her was the chief outcome of her existence"the divinity passing into higher completeness and all but exhausted in the act of covering your bit of canvas. I am amateurish if you like: I do not think that all the universe is straining towards the obscure significance of your pictures."

divinity - deidad, divinidad

completeness - integridad; completitud

exhausted - exhausto; agotar, cansar, tubo de escape, gas de escape

straining - esforzándose; (strain) esforzándose

significance - significado, significación, calado

"But it is, my dear!"so far as it is straining through me, Adolf Naumann: that stands firm," said the good-natured painter, putting a hand on Ladislaw's shoulder, and not in the least disturbed by the unaccountable touch of ill-humor in his tone. "See now! My existence presupposes the existence of the whole universe"does it not?

unaccountable - irresponsable; panish: t-needed

presupposes - presuponer

and my function is to paint"and as a painter I have a conception which is altogether genialisch, of your great-aunt or second grandmother as a subject for a picture; therefore, the universe is straining towards that picture through that particular hook or claw which it puts forth in the shape of me"not true?"

Hook - gancho, garfio, enganchar

claw - garra

"But how if another claw in the shape of me is straining to thwart it?"the case is a little less simple then."

thwart - frustrar, contrariar, bancada

"Not at all: the result of the struggle is the same thing"picture or no picture"logically."

logically - lógicamente

Will could not resist this imperturbable temper, and the cloud in his face broke into sunshiny laughter.

sunshiny - brillante

"Come now, my friend"you will help?" said Naumann, in a hopeful tone.

"No; nonsense, Naumann! English ladies are not at everybody's service as models. And you want to express too much with your painting. You would only have made a better or worse portrait with a background which every connoisseur would give a different reason for or against.

connoisseur - conocedor; connaisseur; connoisseur

And what is a portrait of a woman? Your painting and Plastik are poor stuff after all. They perturb and dull conceptions instead of raising them. Language is a finer medium."

perturb - perturbar

"Yes, for those who can't paint," said Naumann. "There you have perfect right. I did not recommend you to paint, my friend."

The amiable artist carried his sting, but Ladislaw did not choose to appear stung. He went on as if he had not heard.

sting - picar; aguijón

"Language gives a fuller image, which is all the better for being vague. After all, the true seeing is within; and painting stares at you with an insistent imperfection. I feel that especially about representations of women. As if a woman were a mere colored superficies! You must wait for movement and tone.

insistent - Insistente

imperfection - imperfección

Representations - representación

There is a difference in their very breathing: they change from moment to moment."This woman whom you have just seen, for example: how would you paint her voice, pray? But her voice is much diviner than anything you have seen of her."

"I see, I see. You are jealous. No man must presume to think that he can paint your ideal. This is serious, my friend! Your great-aunt! ˜Der Neffe als Onkel'in a tragic sense"ungeheuer!"

"You and I shall quarrel, Naumann, if you call that lady my aunt again."

"How is she to be called then?"

"Mrs. Casaubon."

"Good. Suppose I get acquainted with her in spite of you, and find that she very much wishes to be painted?"

"Yes, suppose!" said Will Ladislaw, in a contemptuous undertone, intended to dismiss the subject. He was conscious of being irritated by ridiculously small causes, which were half of his own creation. Why was he making any fuss about Mrs. Casaubon? And yet he felt as if something had happened to him with regard to her.

irritated by - Irritado por

ridiculously - ridículamente

creation - creación

fuss - alboroto; fandango, jaleo, escándalo

There are characters which are continually creating collisions and nodes for themselves in dramas which nobody is prepared to act with them. Their susceptibilities will clash against objects that remain innocently quiet.

collisions - colisiones; colisión

nodes - nodos; nudo, nodo

susceptibilities - susceptibilidades; susceptibilidad

clash - chocar; estruendo, escaramuza


"A child forsaken, waking suddenly,

Whose gaze afeard on all things round doth rove,

gaze - mirada; observar, mirar fijamente

rove - vagar, errar; (reeve) vagar, errar

And seeth only that it cannot see

seeth - Ves

The meeting eyes of love."

Two hours later, Dorothea was seated in an inner room or boudoir of a handsome apartment in the Via Sistina.

via - a través de; vía, por; a través

I am sorry to add that she was sobbing bitterly, with such abandonment to this relief of an oppressed heart as a woman habitually controlled by pride on her own account and thoughtfulness for others will sometimes allow herself when she feels securely alone. And Mr. Casaubon was certain to remain away for some time at the Vatican.

sobbing - sollozando; sollozo, sollozante; (sob); hdp

Yet Dorothea had no distinctly shapen grievance that she could state even to herself; and in the midst of her confused thought and passion, the mental act that was struggling forth into clearness was a self-accusing cry that her feeling of desolation was the fault of her own spiritual poverty. She had married the man of her choice, and with the advantage over most girls that she had contemplated her marriage chiefly as the beginning of new duties: from the very first she had thought of Mr.

grievance - queja, agravio

clearness - claridad

accusing - acusando; acusar, denunciar

Casaubon as having a mind so much above her own, that he must often be claimed by studies which she could not entirely share; moreover, after the brief narrow experience of her girlhood she was beholding Rome, the city of visible history, where the past of a whole hemisphere seems moving in funeral procession with strange ancestral images and trophies gathered from afar.

beholding - mirando; contemplar, mirar, observar, he aquí, mirad

hemisphere - hemisferio, semiesfera

funeral procession - cortejo fúnebre

ancestral - ancestral

trophies - Trofi

But this stupendous fragmentariness heightened the dreamlike strangeness of her bridal life. Dorothea had now been five weeks in Rome, and in the kindly mornings when autumn and winter seemed to go hand in hand like a happy aged couple one of whom would presently survive in chiller loneliness, she had driven about at first with Mr. Casaubon, but of late chiefly with Tantripp and their experienced courier.

fragmentariness - fragmentariedad

dreamlike - de ensueno; , de ensueno

strangeness - extraneza; rareza, extraneza, extranez

She had been led through the best galleries, had been taken to the chief points of view, had been shown the grandest ruins and the most glorious churches, and she had ended by oftenest choosing to drive out to the Campagna where she could feel alone with the earth and sky, away-from the oppressive masquerade of ages, in which her own life too seemed to become a masque with enigmatical costumes.

most glorious - el más glorioso

masque - mascarilla

enigmatical - enigmático

To those who have looked at Rome with the quickening power of a knowledge which breathes a growing soul into all historic shapes, and traces out the suppressed transitions which unite all contrasts, Rome may still be the spiritual centre and interpreter of the world. But let them conceive one more historical contrast: the gigantic broken revelations of that Imperial and Papal city thrust abruptly on the notions of a girl who had been brought up in English and Swiss Puritanism, fed on meagre Protestant histories and on art chiefly of the hand-screen sort; a girl whose ardent nature turned all her small allowance of knowledge into principles, fusing her actions into their mould, and whose quick emotions gave the most abstract things the quality of a pleasure or a pain; a girl who had lately become a wife, and from the enthusiastic acceptance of untried duty found herself plunged in tumultuous preoccupation with her personal lot. The weight of unintelligible Rome might lie easily on bright nymphs to whom it formed a background for the brilliant picnic of Anglo-foreign society; but Dorothea had no such defence against deep impressions. Ruins and basilicas, palaces and colossi, set in the midst of a sordid present, where all that was living and warm-blooded seemed sunk in the deep degeneracy of a superstition divorced from reverence; the dimmer but yet eager Titanic life gazing and struggling on walls and ceilings; the long vistas of white forms whose marble eyes seemed to hold the monotonous light of an alien world: all this vast wreck of ambitious ideals, sensuous and spiritual, mixed confusedly with the signs of breathing forgetfulness and degradation, at first jarred her as with an electric shock, and then urged themselves on her with that ache belonging to a glut of confused ideas which check the flow of emotion.

quickening - Rápido; (quicken) Rápido

traces out - trazar, rastrear

transitions - transiciones; transición

unite - unirse; unir, aunar, juntar, combinar

conceive - concebir

revelations - revelaciones; revelación, develamiento

Imperial - imperial

Papal - papal

abruptly - de repente; abruptamente, precipitadamente

puritanism - puritanismo

meagre - escaso, pobre

fusing - fusión; fundir(se), fusionar(se)

abstract - resumen, extracto, abstracción, arte abstracto, extraído

enthusiastic - entusiasmado, entusiástico

acceptance - aceptación

plunged - se hundió; lanzarse, zambullirse, tirarse de cabeza

tumultuous - tumultuoso, bullicioso, tempestuoso

unintelligible - ininteligible

picnic - jira, pícnic

defence - defensa

basilicas - basílicas; basílica

degeneracy - degeneración

superstition - superstición

dimmer - más tenue; dímer, regulador; (dim) más tenue; dímer, regulador

gazing - mirando; observar, mirar fijamente

monotonous - monótono

wreck - naufragio; cacharro, trasto, guinapo, choque, desastre

confusedly - confusamente

forgetfulness - desmemoria, mala memoria, poca memoria, memoria de pollo, olvido

electric shock - una descarga eléctrica

ache - dolor

glut - abundancia; saciar, glotonear

Forms both pale and glowing took possession of her young sense, and fixed themselves in her memory even when she was not thinking of them, preparing strange associations which remained through her after-years. Our moods are apt to bring with them images which succeed each other like the magic-lantern pictures of a doze; and in certain states of dull forlornness Dorothea all her life continued to see the vastness of St. Peter's, the huge bronze canopy, the excited intention in the attitudes and garments of the prophets and evangelists in the mosaics above, and the red drapery which was being hung for Christmas spreading itself everywhere like a disease of the retina.

doze - dormir; dormitar

forlornness - desamparo

bronze - bronce, broncíneo, broncínea, éneo, bronceado, tostado, pavonar

canopy - cubierta; dosel, palio, toldo, alero, copa, parabrisas, capota

prophets - profetas; profeta, profetisa

mosaics - mosaicos; mosaico

Christmas - Navidad

retina - retina

Not that this inward amazement of Dorothea's was anything very exceptional: many souls in their young nudity are tumbled out among incongruities and left to "find their feet" among them, while their elders go about their business. Nor can I suppose that when Mrs. Casaubon is discovered in a fit of weeping six weeks after her wedding, the situation will be regarded as tragic. Some discouragement, some faintness of heart at the new real future which replaces the imaginary, is not unusual, and we do not expect people to be deeply moved by what is not unusual.

amazement - asombro, sorpresa

nudity - desnudez

tumbled - tumbado; caída, caer, revolverse

weeping - Llorando; (weep) Llorando

discouragement - desánimo

be deeply moved - estar profundamente conmovido

That element of tragedy which lies in the very fact of frequency, has not yet wrought itself into the coarse emotion of mankind; and perhaps our frames could hardly bear much of it. If we had a keen vision and feeling of all ordinary human life, it would be like hearing the grass grow and the squirrel's heart beat, and we should die of that roar which lies on the other side of silence. As it is, the quickest of us walk about well wadded with stupidity.

frequency - frecuencia

roar - rugir, bramar, rugido, bramido

However, Dorothea was crying, and if she had been required to state the cause, she could only have done so in some such general words as I have already used: to have been driven to be more particular would have been like trying to give a history of the lights and shadows, for that new real future which was replacing the imaginary drew its material from the endless minutiae by which her view of Mr. Casaubon and her wifely relation, now that she was married to him, was gradually changing with the secret motion of a watch-hand from what it had been in her maiden dream. It was too early yet for her fully to recognize or at least admit the change, still more for her to have readjusted that devotedness which was so necessary a part of her mental life that she was almost sure sooner or later to recover it.

readjusted - reajustado; reajustar

Permanent rebellion, the disorder of a life without some loving reverent resolve, was not possible to her; but she was now in an interval when the very force of her nature heightened its confusion. In this way, the early months of marriage often are times of critical tumult"whether that of a shrimp-pool or of deeper waters"which afterwards subsides into cheerful peace.

permanent - permanente

disorder - desorden, disturbio, desenfreno, trastorno

reverent - reverente

interval - intervalo

confusion - confusión

tumult - clamor, bullicio, alboroto, tumulto

shrimp - camarones; camarón, gamba, langostino

subsides - isminuye; calmarse

But was not Mr. Casaubon just as learned as before? Had his forms of expression changed, or his sentiments become less laudable? Oh waywardness of womanhood! did his chronology fail him, or his ability to state not only a theory but the names of those who held it; or his provision for giving the heads of any subject on demand? And was not Rome the place in all the world to give free play to such accomplishments?

laudable - loable, laudable, encomiable, meritorio

waywardness - Desobediencia

free play - juego libre

Besides, had not Dorothea's enthusiasm especially dwelt on the prospect of relieving the weight and perhaps the sadness with which great tasks lie on him who has to achieve them?" And that such weight pressed on Mr. Casaubon was only plainer than before.

relieving - alivio; aliviar, relevar

All these are crushing questions; but whatever else remained the same, the light had changed, and you cannot find the pearly dawn at noonday. The fact is unalterable, that a fellow-mortal with whose nature you are acquainted solely through the brief entrances and exits of a few imaginative weeks called courtship, may, when seen in the continuity of married companionship, be disclosed as something better or worse than what you have preconceived, but will certainly not appear altogether the same. And it would be astonishing to find how soon the change is felt if we had no kindred changes to compare with it.

crushing - aplastando; aplastamiento, enamoramiento, aplastar, destripar

pearly - perlado

dawn - amanecer, alba, amanecer, aurora, madrugada

noonday - Mediodía

solely - únicamente, solamente, exclusivamente

Exits - salidas; salida

To share lodgings with a brilliant dinner-companion, or to see your favorite politician in the Ministry, may bring about changes quite as rapid: in these cases too we begin by knowing little and believing much, and we sometimes end by inverting the quantities.

lodgings - alojamiento, hospedaje, encamado

ministry - ministerio, cartera

inverting - invertir

Still, such comparisons might mislead, for no man was more incapable of flashy make-believe than Mr. Casaubon: he was as genuine a character as any ruminant animal, and he had not actively assisted in creating any illusions about himself. How was it that in the weeks since her marriage, Dorothea had not distinctly observed but felt with a stifling depression, that the large vistas and wide fresh air which she had dreamed of finding in her husband's mind were replaced by anterooms and winding passages which seemed to lead nowhither?

mislead - enganar; propiciar equivocarse, desencaminar, enganar

incapable - incapaz

ruminant - rumiante, rumiante

stifling - asfixiante; sofocante; (stifle) asfixiante; sofocante

anterooms - antesala

winding - Devanado; (wind) Devanado

nowhither - Hacia dónde

I suppose it was that in courtship everything is regarded as provisional and preliminary, and the smallest sample of virtue or accomplishment is taken to guarantee delightful stores which the broad leisure of marriage will reveal. But the door-sill of marriage once crossed, expectation is concentrated on the present. Having once embarked on your marital voyage, it is impossible not to be aware that you make no way and that the sea is not within sight"that, in fact, you are exploring an enclosed basin.

provisional - provisional, provisorio

preliminary - preliminar

guarantee - garantía, garante, garantizar, garantir, asegurar

sill - alféizar, umbral

embarked - embarcado; embarcar, embarcarse

In their conversation before marriage, Mr. Casaubon had often dwelt on some explanation or questionable detail of which Dorothea did not see the bearing; but such imperfect coherence seemed due to the brokenness of their intercourse, and, supported by her faith in their future, she had listened with fervid patience to a recitation of possible arguments to be brought against Mr. Casaubon's entirely new view of the Philistine god Dagon and other fish-deities, thinking that hereafter she should see this subject which touched him so nearly from the same high ground whence doubtless it had become so important to him. Again, the matter-of-course statement and tone of dismissal with which he treated what to her were the most stirring thoughts, was easily accounted for as belonging to the sense of haste and preoccupation in which she herself shared during their engagement. But now, since they had been in Rome, with all the depths of her emotion roused to tumultuous activity, and with life made a new problem by new elements, she had been becoming more and more aware, with a certain terror, that her mind was continually sliding into inward fits of anger and repulsion, or else into forlorn weariness.

questionable - dudoso, cuestionable, controvertible, sospechoso

coherence - coherencia

fervid - Fervoroso

recitation - recitación

Philistine - filisteo, filistea

deities - deidades; dios, diosa, deidad, divinidad

whence - de dónde; de donde, desde donde, de ahí

terror - terror

sliding - deslizándose; corredizo; (slid) deslizándose; corredizo

repulsion - repulsión

forlorn - abandonado, desamparado, desesperado

How far the judicious Hooker or any other hero of erudition would have been the same at Mr. Casaubon's time of life, she had no means of knowing, so that he could not have the advantage of comparison; but her husband's way of commenting on the strangely impressive objects around them had begun to affect her with a sort of mental shiver: he had perhaps the best intention of acquitting himself worthily, but only of acquitting himself. What was fresh to her mind was worn out to his; and such capacity of thought and feeling as had ever been stimulated in him by the general life of mankind had long shrunk to a sort of dried preparation, a lifeless embalmment of knowledge.

erudition - erudición

shiver - tiritando; temblar, tiritar, estremecerse

acquitting - absolviendo; absolver, exculpar

worthily - dignamente

stimulated - estimulado; estimular

shrunk - ncogido; contraerse, encogerse, achicarse, mermar

lifeless - exánime, sin vida, inánime

embalmment - embalsamamiento

When he said, "Does this interest you, Dorothea? Shall we stay a little longer? I am ready to stay if you wish it,""it seemed to her as if going or staying were alike dreary. Or, "Should you like to go to the Farnesina, Dorothea? It contains celebrated frescos designed or painted by Raphael, which most persons think it worth while to visit."

frescos - frescos; fresco

"But do you care about them?" was always Dorothea's question.

"They are, I believe, highly esteemed. Some of them represent the fable of Cupid and Psyche, which is probably the romantic invention of a literary period, and cannot, I think, be reckoned as a genuine mythical product. But if you like these wall-paintings we can easily drive thither; and you will then, I think, have seen the chief works of Raphael, any of which it were a pity to omit in a visit to Rome. He is the painter who has been held to combine the most complete grace of form with sublimity of expression.

esteemed - stimado; estima

Cupid - Cupido

Psyche - Psique

literary - literaria; literario

paintings - pinturas; cuadro, pintura, pintado, pintura

most complete - el más completo

sublimity - sublimidad

Such at least I have gathered to be the opinion of cognoscenti."

cognoscenti - ognoscenti; experto

This kind of answer given in a measured official tone, as of a clergyman reading according to the rubric, did not help to justify the glories of the Eternal City, or to give her the hope that if she knew more about them the world would be joyously illuminated for her.

Rubric - rúbrica, matriz de evaluación

joyously - con alegría

There is hardly any contact more depressing to a young ardent creature than that of a mind in which years full of knowledge seem to have issued in a blank absence of interest or sympathy.

depressing - deprimente; deprimir

On other subjects indeed Mr. Casaubon showed a tenacity of occupation and an eagerness which are usually regarded as the effect of enthusiasm, and Dorothea was anxious to follow this spontaneous direction of his thoughts, instead of being made to feel that she dragged him away from it. But she was gradually ceasing to expect with her former delightful confidence that she should see any wide opening where she followed him. Poor Mr.

tenacity - tenacidad, tesón

dragged - arrastrado; llevar a rastras

ceasing - Cesar; (cease); cesar, parar, terminar

Casaubon himself was lost among small closets and winding stairs, and in an agitated dimness about the Cabeiri, or in an exposure of other mythologists'ill-considered parallels, easily lost sight of any purpose which had prompted him to these labors. With his taper stuck before him he forgot the absence of windows, and in bitter manuscript remarks on other men's notions about the solar deities, he had become indifferent to the sunlight.

closets - armarios; ropero, armario, clóset

exposure - exposición, exposición, checkpublicidad, checkdenuncia

prompted - impulsado; rápido, pronto, puntual, pie, entrada, senal

Bitter - amargo

These characteristics, fixed and unchangeable as bone in Mr. Casaubon, might have remained longer unfelt by Dorothea if she had been encouraged to pour forth her girlish and womanly feeling"if he would have held her hands between his and listened with the delight of tenderness and understanding to all the little histories which made up her experience, and would have given her the same sort of intimacy in return, so that the past life of each could be included in their mutual knowledge and affection"or if she could have fed her affection with those childlike caresses which are the bent of every sweet woman, who has begun by showering kisses on the hard pate of her bald doll, creating a happy soul within that woodenness from the wealth of her own love.

characteristics - características; característico, característica

unchangeable - inmutable

unfelt - no se siente

intimacy - intimidad

past life - vida pasada

caresses - caricias; caricia, carantona, acariciar

bald - calvo, pelón

doll - muneca

woodenness - madera

That was Dorothea's bent. With all her yearning to know what was afar from her and to be widely benignant, she had ardor enough for what was near, to have kissed Mr. Casaubon's coat-sleeve, or to have caressed his shoe-latchet, if he would have made any other sign of acceptance than pronouncing her, with his unfailing propriety, to be of a most affectionate and truly feminine nature, indicating at the same time by politely reaching a chair for her that he regarded these manifestations as rather crude and startling. Having made his clerical toilet with due care in the morning, he was prepared only for those amenities of life which were suited to the well-adjusted stiff cravat of the period, and to a mind weighted with unpublished matter.

benignant - Benigno

sleeve - manga, funda, enfundar

caressed - Te importa

latchet - Picaporte

politely - educadamente, cortésmente

manifestations - anifestaciones; manifestación

crude - crudo, rudimentario

amenities - comodidades; comodidad, amenidad, servicio, servicio público

stiff - rígido, duro, tieso, inflexible

unpublished - inédito

And by a sad contradiction Dorothea's ideas and resolves seemed like melting ice floating and lost in the warm flood of which they had been but another form. She was humiliated to find herself a mere victim of feeling, as if she could know nothing except through that medium: all her strength was scattered in fits of agitation, of struggle, of despondency, and then again in visions of more complete renunciation, transforming all hard conditions into duty.

humiliated - humillada; humillar

scattered - dispersión; dispersar, esparcir, desviar

despondency - desánimo; desesperanza, desesperación, descorazonamiento

transforming - Transformando; (transform); trasformar, transformar

Poor Dorothea! she was certainly troublesome"to herself chiefly; but this morning for the first time she had been troublesome to Mr. Casaubon.

She had begun, while they were taking coffee, with a determination to shake off what she inwardly called her selfishness, and turned a face all cheerful attention to her husband when he said, "My dear Dorothea, we must now think of all that is yet left undone, as a preliminary to our departure. I would fain have returned home earlier that we might have been at Lowick for the Christmas; but my inquiries here have been protracted beyond their anticipated period. I trust, however, that the time here has not been passed unpleasantly to you.

shake off - Sacudir

selfishness - egoísmo

undone - deshecho; deshacer

protracted - prolongado; prolongar, diferir, extender

anticipated - previsto; anticipar, prever

Among the sights of Europe, that of Rome has ever been held one of the most striking and in some respects edifying. I well remember that I considered it an epoch in my life when I visited it for the first time; after the fall of Napoleon, an event which opened the Continent to travellers. Indeed I think it is one among several cities to which an extreme hyperbole has been applied"˜See Rome and die:'but in your case I would propose an emendation and say, See Rome as a bride, and live henceforth as a happy wife."

Napoleon - Napoleón

hyperbole - hipérbole

emendation - Enmienda

Mr. Casaubon pronounced this little speech with the most conscientious intention, blinking a little and swaying his head up and down, and concluding with a smile. He had not found marriage a rapturous state, but he had no idea of being anything else than an irreproachable husband, who would make a charming young woman as happy as she deserved to be.

most conscientious - el más concienzudo/ meticuloso

blinking - parpadeando; parpadear, guinar, destellar, titilar, parpadeo

swaying - Oscilación; (sway); balanceo, influencia, influjo

deserved - merecido; merecer, meritar

"I hope you are thoroughly satisfied with our stay"I mean, with the result so far as your studies are concerned," said Dorothea, trying to keep her mind fixed on what most affected her husband.

most affected - los más afectados

"Yes," said Mr. Casaubon, with that peculiar pitch of voice which makes the word half a negative. "I have been led farther than I had foreseen, and various subjects for annotation have presented themselves which, though I have no direct need of them, I could not pretermit.

annotation - anotación

pretermit - pretermitir

The task, notwithstanding the assistance of my amanuensis, has been a somewhat laborious one, but your society has happily prevented me from that too continuous prosecution of thought beyond the hours of study which has been the snare of my solitary life."

assistance - asistencia

amanuensis - amnuensis; amanuense

prosecution - procesamiento, acusación, fiscalía

snare - una trampa; lazo, asechanza, caja

"I am very glad that my presence has made any difference to you," said Dorothea, who had a vivid memory of evenings in which she had supposed that Mr. Casaubon's mind had gone too deep during the day to be able to get to the surface again. I fear there was a little temper in her reply. "I hope when we get to Lowick, I shall be more useful to you, and be able to enter a little more into what interests you."

"Doubtless, my dear," said Mr. Casaubon, with a slight bow. "The notes I have here made will want sifting, and you can, if you please, extract them under my direction."

sifting - Cribado; (sift); tamizar, cernir, separar, juzgar

extract - extracto, fragmento, pasaje, extraer, sacar

"And all your notes," said Dorothea, whose heart had already burned within her on this subject, so that now she could not help speaking with her tongue. "All those rows of volumes"will you not now do what you used to speak of?"will you not make up your mind what part of them you will use, and begin to write the book which will make your vast knowledge useful to the world?

I will write to your dictation, or I will copy and extract what you tell me: I can be of no other use." Dorothea, in a most unaccountable, darkly feminine manner, ended with a slight sob and eyes full of tears.

dictation - dictado

darkly - oscuramente

The excessive feeling manifested would alone have been highly disturbing to Mr. Casaubon, but there were other reasons why Dorothea's words were among the most cutting and irritating to him that she could have been impelled to use. She was as blind to his inward troubles as he to hers: she had not yet learned those hidden conflicts in her husband which claim our pity. She had not yet listened patiently to his heartbeats, but only felt that her own was beating violently. In Mr. Casaubon's ear, Dorothea's voice gave loud emphatic iteration to those muffled suggestions of consciousness which it was possible to explain as mere fancy, the illusion of exaggerated sensitiveness: always when such suggestions are unmistakably repeated from without, they are resisted as cruel and unjust.

irritating - irritante; irritar, enviscar

patiently - pacientemente

heartbeats - latidos; latido del corazón, latido, ritmo cardiaco

violently - violentamente

iteration - iteración

sensitiveness - Sensibilidad

resisted - esistido; resistir, panish: t-needed

We are angered even by the full acceptance of our humiliating confessions"how much more by hearing in hard distinct syllables from the lips of a near observer, those confused murmurs which we try to call morbid, and strive against as if they were the oncoming of numbness! And this cruel outward accuser was there in the shape of a wife"nay, of a young bride, who, instead of observing his abundant pen-scratches and amplitude of paper with the uncritical awe of an elegant-minded canary-bird, seemed to present herself as a spy watching everything with a malign power of inference. Here, towards this particular point of the compass, Mr. Casaubon had a sensitiveness to match Dorothea's, and an equal quickness to imagine more than the fact. He had formerly observed with approbation her capacity for worshipping the right object; he now foresaw with sudden terror that this capacity might be replaced by presumption, this worship by the most exasperating of all criticism,"that which sees vaguely a great many fine ends, and has not the least notion what it costs to reach them.

angered - enfadado; ira, enfado, enojo, rabia

humiliating - humillante; humillar

confessions - confesiones; confesión

syllables - sílabas; sílaba

observer - observador

murmurs - murmullos; soplo, murmurar

morbid - mórbida; mórbido, morboso

strive - esforzarse

oncoming - Se acerca; (oncome) Se acerca

numbness - entumecimiento

accuser - acusador, acusadora

scratches - rayaduras; rascar, raspar, aranar, rasgunar, rayar, aranazo

amplitude - amplitud

canary-bird - (canary-bird) pájaro canario

spy - espía, chivato, espiar

compass - brújula

Formerly - anteriormente, otrora, antes, antano

worshipping - dorando; adoración, culto, checkalabanza, adorar, checkvenerar

foresaw - previó; pronosticar, prever, antever

vaguely - vagamente

For the first time since Dorothea had known him, Mr. Casaubon's face had a quick angry flush upon it.

flush - lanzar; rubor

"My love," he said, with irritation reined in by propriety, "you may rely upon me for knowing the times and the seasons, adapted to the different stages of a work which is not to be measured by the facile conjectures of ignorant onlookers. It had been easy for me to gain a temporary effect by a mirage of baseless opinion; but it is ever the trial of the scrupulous explorer to be saluted with the impatient scorn of chatterers who attempt only the smallest achievements, being indeed equipped for no other.

reined - reinado; rienda

conjectures - onjeturas; conjetura, suposición, especulación, teoría

onlookers - mirones; espectador

mirage - milagro; espejismo

baseless - Sin fundamento

trial - proceso, juicio

explorer - explorador, exploradora

saluted - saludado; saludo, venia

chatterers - chateador

equipped - equipado; equipar, equiparse, preparar, dotar

And it were well if all such could be admonished to discriminate judgments of which the true subject-matter lies entirely beyond their reach, from those of which the elements may be compassed by a narrow and superficial survey."

admonished - amonestado; amonestar, reprender

compassed - compasado; brújula

This speech was delivered with an energy and readiness quite unusual with Mr. Casaubon. It was not indeed entirely an improvisation, but had taken shape in inward colloquy, and rushed out like the round grains from a fruit when sudden heat cracks it. Dorothea was not only his wife: she was a personification of that shallow world which surrounds the appreciated or desponding author.

improvisation - improvisación

rushed - apurado; precipitarse, lanzarse, correr, ir rápidamente

cracks - fisuras; rajarse, resquebrajarse

personification - personificación, prosopopeya

surrounds - circundar, envolver, cercar, rodear

desponding - desanimado; (despond) desanimado

Dorothea was indignant in her turn. Had she not been repressing everything in herself except the desire to enter into some fellowship with her husband's chief interests?

repressing - reprimiendo; reprimir

"My judgment was a very superficial one"such as I am capable of forming," she answered, with a prompt resentment, that needed no rehearsal. "You showed me the rows of notebooks"you have often spoken of them"you have often said that they wanted digesting. But I never heard you speak of the writing that is to be published. Those were very simple facts, and my judgment went no farther. I only begged you to let me be of some good to you."

prompt - rápido, pronto, puntual, pie, entrada, senal, incitar, apuntar

rehearsal - ensayo

notebooks - uadernos; cuaderno, computador portátil, notebook

digesting - digiriendo; digerir

begged - suplicó; pedir

Dorothea rose to leave the table and Mr. Casaubon made no reply, taking up a letter which lay beside him as if to reperuse it. Both were shocked at their mutual situation"that each should have betrayed anger towards the other. If they had been at home, settled at Lowick in ordinary life among their neighbors, the clash would have been less embarrassing: but on a wedding journey, the express object of which is to isolate two people on the ground that they are all the world to each other, the sense of disagreement is, to say the least, confounding and stultifying.

reperuse - repercusiones

betrayed - traicionado; traicionar, entregar, vender, delatar, demostrar

isolate - aislar, aislante

disagreement - desavenencia, desacuerdo, desencuentro

stultifying - mbrutecedor; ridiculizar

To have changed your longitude extensively and placed yourselves in a moral solitude in order to have small explosions, to find conversation difficult and to hand a glass of water without looking, can hardly be regarded as satisfactory fulfilment even to the toughest minds. To Dorothea's inexperienced sensitiveness, it seemed like a catastrophe, changing all prospects; and to Mr. Casaubon it was a new pain, he never having been on a wedding journey before, or found himself in that close union which was more of a subjection than he had been able to imagine, since this charming young bride not only obliged him to much consideration on her behalf (which he had sedulously given), but turned out to be capable of agitating him cruelly just where he most needed soothing. Instead of getting a soft fence against the cold, shadowy, unapplausive audience of his life, had he only given it a more substantial presence?

Longitude - longitud

extensively - extensivamente, extensamente

toughest - el más duro; resistente, severo, de mano dura, ni modo

inexperienced - no tiene experiencia; inexperto

sedulously - Seductoramente

agitating - agitando; agitar, perturbar

shadowy - sombra; sombroso, sombreado, sombrío, umbroso

unapplausive - Inexpresivo

more substantial - más sustancial

Neither of them felt it possible to speak again at present. To have reversed a previous arrangement and declined to go out would have been a show of persistent anger which Dorothea's conscience shrank from, seeing that she already began to feel herself guilty. However just her indignation might be, her ideal was not to claim justice, but to give tenderness. So when the carriage came to the door, she drove with Mr. Casaubon to the Vatican, walked with him through the stony avenue of inscriptions, and when she parted with him at the entrance to the Library, went on through the Museum out of mere listlessness as to what was around her. She had not spirit to turn round and say that she would drive anywhere. It was when Mr. Casaubon was quitting her that Naumann had first seen her, and he had entered the long gallery of sculpture at the same time with her; but here Naumann had to await Ladislaw with whom he was to settle a bet of champagne about an enigmatical mediaeval-looking figure there. After they had examined the figure, and had walked on finishing their dispute, they had parted, Ladislaw lingering behind while Naumann had gone into the Hall of Statues where he again saw Dorothea, and saw her in that brooding abstraction which made her pose remarkable. She did not really see the streak of sunlight on the floor more than she saw the statues: she was inwardly seeing the light of years to come in her own home and over the English fields and elms and hedge-bordered highroads; and feeling that the way in which they might be filled with joyful devotedness was not so clear to her as it had been.

reversed - invertido; dar marcha atrás

inscriptions - inscripciones; inscripción, dedicatoria

bet - apostar

champagne - champán; Champana

mediaeval - medieval

dispute - disputa, contencioso

brooding - inquietante; meditativo; (brood); cría, polluelo, prole

abstraction - abstracción

elms - olmos; olmo

highroads - carretera

joyful - alegre, gozoso

But in Dorothea's mind there was a current into which all thought and feeling were apt sooner or later to flow"the reaching forward of the whole consciousness towards the fullest truth, the least partial good. There was clearly something better than anger and despondency.


"Hire facounde eke full womanly and plain,

eke - hacer alcanzar, racionar

No contrefeted termes had she

termes - términos

To semen wise."

semen - semen


It was in that way Dorothea came to be sobbing as soon as she was securely alone. But she was presently roused by a knock at the door, which made her hastily dry her eyes before saying, "Come in." Tantripp had brought a card, and said that there was a gentleman waiting in the lobby. The courier had told him that only Mrs. Casaubon was at home, but he said he was a relation of Mr. Casaubon's: would she see him?

lobby - vestíbulo

"Yes," said Dorothea, without pause; "show him into the salon." Her chief impressions about young Ladislaw were that when she had seen him at Lowick she had been made aware of Mr. Casaubon's generosity towards him, and also that she had been interested in his own hesitation about his career. She was alive to anything that gave her an opportunity for active sympathy, and at this moment it seemed as if the visit had come to shake her out of her self-absorbed discontent"to remind her of her husband's goodness, and make her feel that she had now the right to be his helpmate in all kind deeds. She waited a minute or two, but when she passed into the next room there were just signs enough that she had been crying to make her open face look more youthful and appealing than usual.

salon - salón, sala

helpmate - companero, ayudante, companera

appealing - apetecible; suplicar, rogar

She met Ladislaw with that exquisite smile of good-will which is unmixed with vanity, and held out her hand to him. He was the elder by several years, but at that moment he looked much the younger, for his transparent complexion flushed suddenly, and he spoke with a shyness extremely unlike the ready indifference of his manner with his male companion, while Dorothea became all the calmer with a wondering desire to put him at ease.

transparent - transparente

"I was not aware that you and Mr. Casaubon were in Rome, until this morning, when I saw you in the Vatican Museum," he said. "I knew you at once"but"I mean, that I concluded Mr. Casaubon's address would be found at the poste restante, and I was anxious to pay my respects to him and you as early as possible."

poste restante - poste restante

"Pray sit down. He is not here now, but he will be glad to hear of you, I am sure," said Dorothea, seating herself unthinkingly between the fire and the light of the tall window, and pointing to a chair opposite, with the quietude of a benignant matron. The signs of girlish sorrow in her face were only the more striking. "Mr. Casaubon is much engaged; but you will leave your address"will you not?"and he will write to you."

more striking - más impactante

"You are very good," said Ladislaw, beginning to lose his diffidence in the interest with which he was observing the signs of weeping which had altered her face. "My address is on my card. But if you will allow me I will call again to-morrow at an hour when Mr. Casaubon is likely to be at home."

altered - alterado; cambiar, modificar, alterar

"He goes to read in the Library of the Vatican every day, and you can hardly see him except by an appointment. Especially now. We are about to leave Rome, and he is very busy. He is usually away almost from breakfast till dinner. But I am sure he will wish you to dine with us."

Will Ladislaw was struck mute for a few moments. He had never been fond of Mr. Casaubon, and if it had not been for the sense of obligation, would have laughed at him as a Bat of erudition.

obligation - obligación, compromiso, deber

But the idea of this dried-up pedant, this elaborator of small explanations about as important as the surplus stock of false antiquities kept in a vendor's back chamber, having first got this adorable young creature to marry him, and then passing his honeymoon away from her, groping after his mouldy futilities (Will was given to hyperbole)"this sudden picture stirred him with a sort of comic disgust: he was divided between the impulse to laugh aloud and the equally unseasonable impulse to burst into scornful invective.

pedant - pedante

elaborator - elaborador

surplus - sobra, superávit, sobrante, excedente

stock - cciones; existencias, stock

Antiquities - antigüedades; antigüedad

vendor - vendedor, vendedora

chamber - cámara, recámara, compartimento

honeymoon - luna de miel, viaje de novios, luna de miel

groping - palpar, tantear, buscar a tientas, manosear, meter mano

mouldy - enmohecido; mohoso

futilities - utilidades; futilidad

unseasonable - intempestivo

invective - invectivas; invectiva

For an instant he felt that the struggle was causing a queer contortion of his mobile features, but with a good effort he resolved it into nothing more offensive than a merry smile.

contortion - contorsión

more offensive - más ofensivo

Dorothea wondered; but the smile was irresistible, and shone back from her face too. Will Ladislaw's smile was delightful, unless you were angry with him beforehand: it was a gush of inward light illuminating the transparent skin as well as the eyes, and playing about every curve and line as if some Ariel were touching them with a new charm, and banishing forever the traces of moodiness.

irresistible - irresistible

gush - manar, salir a borbotones, brotar, hacer efusión

illuminating - iluminador; iluminar

curve - curva, curvas, curvar, encorvar

Ariel - Ariel

banishing - destierro; desterrar

traces - rastros; rastro, huella, vestigio, indicio

moodiness - Mal humor

The reflection of that smile could not but have a little merriment in it too, even under dark eyelashes still moist, as Dorothea said inquiringly, "Something amuses you?"

eyelashes - pestanas; pestana, abénula

moist - húmedo

inquiringly - preguntando

amuses - te divierte; entretener, distraer, divertir

"Yes," said Will, quick in finding resources. "I am thinking of the sort of figure I cut the first time I saw you, when you annihilated my poor sketch with your criticism."

annihilated - niquilado; aniquilar, anihilar

"My criticism?" said Dorothea, wondering still more. "Surely not. I always feel particularly ignorant about painting."

"I suspected you of knowing so much, that you knew how to say just what was most cutting. You said"I dare say you don't remember it as I do"that the relation of my sketch to nature was quite hidden from you. At least, you implied that." Will could laugh now as well as smile.

"That was really my ignorance," said Dorothea, admiring Will's good-humor. "I must have said so only because I never could see any beauty in the pictures which my uncle told me all judges thought very fine. And I have gone about with just the same ignorance in Rome. There are comparatively few paintings that I can really enjoy. At first whe