Oliver - oliver, Olivier, (olive) oliver
Charles - charles
CHAPTER I. TREATS OF THE PLACE WHERE OLIVER TWIST WAS BORN AND OF THE CIRCUMSTANCES ATTENDING HIS
Among other public buildings in a certain town, which for many reasons it will be prudent to refrain from mentioning, and to which I will assign no fictitious name, there is one anciently common to most towns, great or small: to wit, a workhouse; and in this workhouse was born; on a day and date which I need not trouble myself to repeat, inasmuch as it can be of no possible consequence to the reader, in this stage of the business at all events; the item of mortality whose name is prefixed to the head of this chapter.
Prudent - prudent
refrain - refrain
fictitious - fictif
anciently - anciennement
workhouse - l'hospice
mortality - la mortalité, mortalité, condition mortelle
prefixed - préfixé, préfixe, titre, préfixer
For a long time after it was ushered into this world of sorrow and trouble, by the parish surgeon, it remained a matter of considerable doubt whether the child would survive to bear any name at all; in which case it is somewhat more than probable that these memoirs would never have appeared; or, if they had, that being comprised within a couple of pages, they would have possessed the inestimable merit of being the most concise and faithful specimen of biography, extant in the literature of any age or country.
ushered - huissier, ouvreur, escorte, garçon d'honneur, escorter
sorrow - peine, chagrin
inestimable - inestimable
concise - concis
faithful - fidele, fidele, loyal
extant - encore en vigueur, existant
Although I am not disposed to maintain that the being born in a workhouse, is in itself the most fortunate and enviable circumstance that can possibly befall a human being, I do mean to say that in this particular instance, it was the best thing for Oliver Twist that could by possibility have occurred.
The fact is, that there was considerable difficulty in inducing Oliver to take upon himself the office of respiration,"a troublesome practice, but one which custom has rendered necessary to our easy existence; and for some time he lay gasping on a little flock mattress, rather unequally poised between this world and the next: the balance being decidedly in favour of the latter.
respiration - la respiration, respiration
troublesome - genants
gasping - haletant, (gasp), retenir son souffle, haleter, ahaner
flock - troupeau
mattress - matelas
poised - en place, assurance, aisance, sang-froid, aplomb, poise
decidedly - résolument, décidément, clairement
Now, if, during this brief period, Oliver had been surrounded by careful grandmothers, anxious aunts, experienced nurses, and doctors of profound wisdom, he would most inevitably and indubitably have been killed in no time.
indubitably - indubitablement
There being nobody by, however, but a pauper old woman, who was rendered rather misty by an unwonted allowance of beer; and a parish surgeon who did such matters by contract; Oliver and Nature fought out the point between them.
pauper - pauvre, indigent
misty - brumeux
unwonted - inhabituel
fought out - se sont disputés
The result was, that, after a few struggles, Oliver breathed, sneezed, and proceeded to advertise to the inmates of the workhouse the fact of a new burden having been imposed upon the parish, by setting up as loud a cry as could reasonably have been expected from a male infant who had not been possessed of that very useful appendage, a voice, for a much longer space of time than three minutes and a quarter.
sneezed - éternué, éternuer, éternuement, atchoum
As Oliver gave this first proof of the free and proper action of his lungs, the patchwork coverlet which was carelessly flung over the iron bedstead, rustled; the pale face of a young woman was raised feebly from the pillow; and a faint voice imperfectly articulated the words, "Let me see the child, and die."
patchwork - patchwork
coverlet - couvre-lit
carelessly - négligemment
flung - jeté, lancer
bedstead - le sommier, châlit
rustled - froissé, bruissement, froufrou, froufrouter
feebly - faiblement
pillow - oreiller, tetiere
faint - évanouissement, s'évanouir, défailles, défaillez, défaillir
imperfectly - imparfaitement
The surgeon had been sitting with his face turned towards the fire: giving the palms of his hands a warm and a rub alternately. As the young woman spoke, he rose, and advancing to the bed's head, said, with more kindness than might have been expected of him:
alternately - en alternance
kindness - la gentillesse, bonté
"Oh, you must not talk about dying yet."
dying - teignant, mourant, (dye) teignant
"Lor bless her dear heart, no!" interposed the nurse, hastily depositing in her pocket a green glass bottle, the contents of which she had been tasting in a corner with evident satisfaction.
interposed - interposée, interposer, intercaler, interrompre, couper
hastily - hâtivement, précipitamment, a la hâte
Contents - contenu, satisfait
"Lor bless her dear heart, when she has lived as long as I have, sir, and had thirteen children of her own, and all on 'em dead except two, and them in the wurkus with me, she'll know better than to take on in that way, bless her dear heart! Think what it is to be a mother, there's a dear young lamb do."
lamb - agneau, agnelle, mettre bas
Apparently this consolatory perspective of a mother's prospects failed in producing its due effect. The patient shook her head, and stretched out her hand towards the child.
consolatory - consolatoire
The surgeon deposited it in her arms. She imprinted her cold white lips passionately on its forehead; passed her hands over her face; gazed wildly round; shuddered; fell back"and died. They chafed her breast, hands, and temples; but the blood had stopped forever. They talked of hope and comfort. They had been strangers too long.
imprinted - imprimée, empreinte
passionately - passionnément
wildly - sauvage, sauvagement
shuddered - a tremblé, tremblement, frisson, frissonner, trembler
chafed - par frottement, chauffer en frictionnant, inflammation
"It's all over, Mrs. Thingummy!" said the surgeon at last.
It's all over - C'est fini
Thingummy - thingummy
"Ah, poor dear, so it is!" said the nurse, picking up the cork of the green bottle, which had fallen out on the pillow, as she stooped to take up the child. "Poor dear!"
stooped - vouté, se baisser
"You needn't mind sending up to me, if the child cries, nurse," said the surgeon, putting on his gloves with great deliberation. "It's very likely it will be troublesome. Give it a little gruel if it is." He put on his hat, and, pausing by the bed-side on his way to the door, added, "She was a good-looking girl, too; where did she come from?"
needn - n'a pas besoin
gruel - purée, bouillie
"She was brought here last night," replied the old woman, "by the overseer's order. She was found lying in the street. She had walked some distance, for her shoes were worn to pieces; but where she came from, or where she was going to, nobody knows."
overseer - superviseur, contremaître, chef
The surgeon leaned over the body, and raised the left hand. "The old story," he said, shaking his head: "no wedding-ring, I see. Ah! Good-night!"
ring - anneau, cerne, ring, tinter
The medical gentleman walked away to dinner; and the nurse, having once more applied herself to the green bottle, sat down on a low chair before the fire, and proceeded to dress the infant.
What an excellent example of the power of dress, young Oliver Twist was! Wrapped in the blanket which had hitherto formed his only covering, he might have been the child of a nobleman or a beggar; it would have been hard for the haughtiest stranger to have assigned him his proper station in society.
hitherto - jusqu'a présent, jusqu'ici, jusqu'alors, jusqu'a maintenant
nobleman - noble
beggar - gueux, mendiant, mendiante, queteux
haughtiest - le plus haut, hautain, suffisant
But now that he was enveloped in the old calico robes which had grown yellow in the same service, he was badged and ticketed, and fell into his place at once"a parish child"the orphan of a workhouse"the humble, half-starved drudge"to be cuffed and buffeted through the world"despised by all, and pitied by none.
calico - calicot, tricolore
robes - robes, robe
orphan - orphelin, orpheline
drudge - drudge, larbin, sous-merde, moins-que-rien, valet, laquais
cuffed - menotté, manchette
buffeted - buffeted, claque
despised - méprisé, mépriser, dédaigner
Oliver cried lustily. If he could have known that he was an orphan, left to the tender mercies of church-wardens and overseers, perhaps he would have cried the louder.
lustily - luxurieux
wardens - les gardiens, directeur/-trice
overseers - surveillants, contremaître, chef
For the next eight or ten months, Oliver was the victim of a systematic course of treachery and deception. He was brought up by hand. The hungry and destitute situation of the infant orphan was duly reported by the workhouse authorities to the parish authorities.
treachery - trahison, traîtrise
deception - supercherie, tromperie
destitute - sans ressources
duly - dument, dument, ponctuellement
The parish authorities inquired with dignity of the workhouse authorities, whether there was no female then domiciled in "the house" who was in a situation to impart to Oliver Twist, the consolation and nourishment of which he stood in need. The workhouse authorities replied with humility, that there was not.
inquired - a demandé, enqueter, renseigner
domiciled - domicilié, domicile
impart - donner, communiquer, transmettre
consolation - consoler, consolation
nourishment - l'alimentation, nourriture
humility - l'humilité, humilité
Upon this, the parish authorities magnanimously and humanely resolved, that Oliver should be "farmed," or, in other words, that he should be dispatched to a branch-workhouse some three miles off, where twenty or thirty other juvenile offenders against the poor-laws, rolled about the floor all day, without the inconvenience of too much food or too much clothing, under the parental superintendence of an elderly female, who received the culprits at and for the consideration of sevenpence-halfpenny per small head per week. Sevenpence-halfpenny's worth per week is a good round diet for a child; a great deal may be got for sevenpence-halfpenny, quite enough to overload its stomach, and make it uncomfortable. The elderly female was a woman of wisdom and experience; she knew what was good for children; and she had a very accurate perception of what was good for herself. So, she appropriated the greater part of the weekly stipend to her own use, and consigned the rising parochial generation to even a shorter allowance than was originally provided for them. Thereby finding in the lowest depth a deeper still; and proving herself a very great experimental philosopher.
magnanimously - avec magnanimité
humanely - humainement
dispatched - expédié, dépeche
juvenile - juvénile, adolescent
inconvenience - inconvénients, dérangement, désagrément
superintendence - superintendance
culprits - coupables, coupable
sevenpence - sept pence
halfpenny - un demi-penny, demienny
overload - surcharger, surcharge
stipend - allocation, rente
consigned - consigné, confier
Everybody knows the story of another experimental philosopher who had a great theory about a horse being able to live without eating, and who demonstrated it so well, that he had got his own horse down to a straw a day, and would unquestionably have rendered him a very spirited and rampacious animal on nothing at all, if he had not died, four-and-twenty hours before he was to have had his first comfortable bait of air. Unfortunately for the experimental philosophy of the female to whose protecting care Oliver Twist was delivered over, a similar result usually attended the operation of her system; for at the very moment when the child had contrived to exist upon the smallest possible portion of the weakest possible food, it did perversely happen in eight and a half cases out of ten, either that it sickened from want and cold, or fell into the fire from neglect, or got half-smothered by accident; in any one of which cases, the miserable little being was usually summoned into another world, and there gathered to the fathers it had never known in this.
straw - paille, fétu, jaune paille
unquestionably - incontestablement
bait - appât, eche, leurre, eche
contrived - artificiel, combiner, inventer
smallest possible - le plus petit possible
sickened - malade, rendre malade
smothered - étouffé, étouffer
summoned - convoqué, convoquer
Occasionally, when there was some more than usually interesting inquest upon a parish child who had been overlooked in turning up a bedstead, or inadvertently scalded to death when there happened to be a washing"though the latter accident was very scarce, anything approaching to a washing being of rare occurrence in the farm"the jury would take it into their heads to ask troublesome questions, or the parishioners would rebelliously affix their signatures to a remonstrance. But these impertinences were speedily checked by the evidence of the surgeon, and the testimony of the beadle; the former of whom had always opened the body and found nothing inside (which was very probable indeed), and the latter of whom invariably swore whatever the parish wanted; which was very self-devotional. Besides, the board made periodical pilgrimages to the farm, and always sent the beadle the day before, to say they were going. The children were neat and clean to behold, when they went; and what more would the people have!
inquest - enquete (criminelle)
inadvertently - par inadvertance
scalded - ébouillantée, ébouillanter
scarce - rare
parishioners - paroissiens, paroissien, paroissienne
rebelliously - avec rébellion
affix - affixe
speedily - rapidement
beadle - bailli, bedeau, suisse
invariably - invariablement
devotional - dévotionnel
periodical - périodique
pilgrimages - les pelerinages, pelerinage, peleriner
behold - regarder, voir, observer, voici, voila
It cannot be expected that this system of farming would produce any very extraordinary or luxuriant crop. Oliver Twist's ninth birthday found him a pale thin child, somewhat diminutive in stature, and decidedly small in circumference. But nature or inheritance had implanted a good sturdy spirit in Oliver's breast.
luxuriant - luxuriante, luxuriant
diminutive - minuscule, diminutif
circumference - la circonférence, circonférence
inheritance - l'héritage, héritage
implanted - implanté, implant
sturdy - solide, costaud, robuste
It had had plenty of room to expand, thanks to the spare diet of the establishment; and perhaps to this circumstance may be attributed his having any ninth birth-day at all.
Be this as it may, however, it was his ninth birthday; and he was keeping it in the coal-cellar with a select party of two other young gentleman, who, after participating with him in a sound thrashing, had been locked up for atrociously presuming to be hungry, when Mrs. Mann, the good lady of the house, was unexpectedly startled by the apparition of Mr.
cellar - cave
atrociously - atrocement
unexpectedly - de maniere inattendue, surprenamment
startled - surpris, sursauter, surprendre
apparition - apparition
Bumble, the beadle, striving to undo the wicket of the garden-gate.
bumble - bumble
undo - annuler, défaisons, défont, défais
wicket - guichet
"Goodness gracious! Is that you, Mr. Bumble, sir?" said Mrs. Mann, thrusting her head out of the window in well-affected ecstasies of joy. "(Susan, take Oliver and them two brats upstairs, and wash 'em directly.)"My heart alive! Mr. Bumble, how glad I am to see you, sure-ly!"
thrusting - poussée, (thrust), estocade, propulser
ecstasies - extases, extase, ecstasy, exta
brats - des enfants, garnement
ly - ly, al, a.l
Now, Mr. Bumble was a fat man, and a choleric; so, instead of responding to this open-hearted salutation in a kindred spirit, he gave the little wicket a tremendous shake, and then bestowed upon it a kick which could have emanated from no leg but a beadle's.
choleric - colérique
salutation - salutation, titre
kindred spirit - une âme sour
bestowed - accordé, disposer de, accorder, remettre, conférer
emanated - émané, émaner
"Lor, only think," said Mrs. Mann, running out,"for the three boys had been removed by this time,""only think of that! That I should have forgotten that the gate was bolted on the inside, on account of them dear children! Walk in sir; walk in, pray, Mr. Bumble, do, sir."
bolted - boulonné, verrou
Although this invitation was accompanied with a curtsey that might have softened the heart of a church-warden, it by no means mollified the beadle.
curtsey - une révérence, révérence, faire la révérence, révérencier
softened - adoucie, adoucir
warden - gardien, directeur/-trice
mollified - apaisé, apaiser, calmer
"Do you think this respectful or proper conduct, Mrs. Mann," inquired Mr. Bumble, grasping his cane, "to keep the parish officers a waiting at your garden-gate, when they come here upon porochial business with the porochial orphans? Are you aweer, Mrs. Mann, that you are, as I may say, a porochial delegate, and a stipendiary?"
respectful - respectueux
cane - canne, tige, bastonnade, canne blanche, bâtonner
Orphans - les orphelins, orphelin, orpheline
stipendiary - stipendiaire
"I'm sure Mr. Bumble, that I was only a telling one or two of the dear children as is so fond of you, that it was you a coming," replied Mrs. Mann with great humility.
Mr. Bumble had a great idea of his oratorical powers and his importance. He had displayed the one, and vindicated the other. He relaxed.
oratorical - oratoire
vindicated - justifié, blanchir, faire valoir, défendre, revendiquer
"Well, well, Mrs. Mann," he replied in a calmer tone; "it may be as you say; it may be. Lead the way in, Mrs. Mann, for I come on business, and have something to say."
Mrs. Mann ushered the beadle into a small parlour with a brick floor; placed a seat for him; and officiously deposited his cocked hat and cane on the table before him. Mr. Bumble wiped from his forehead the perspiration which his walk had engendered, glanced complacently at the cocked hat, and smiled. Yes, he smiled. Beadles are but men: and Mr. Bumble smiled.
parlour - salon
officiously - officiellement
cocked - armé, oiseau mâle, coq
perspiration - la transpiration, transpiration
complacently - avec complaisance
Beadles - les perles, bedeau, suisse
"Now don't you be offended at what I'm a going to say," observed Mrs. Mann, with captivating sweetness. "You've had a long walk, you know, or I wouldn't mention it. Now, will you take a little drop of somethink, Mr. Bumble?"
captivating - captivant, captiver
somethink - quelque chose
"Not a drop. Nor a drop," said Mr. Bumble, waving his right hand in a dignified, but placid manner.
dignified - digne, honorer
placid - placide
"I think you will," said Mrs. Mann, who had noticed the tone of the refusal, and the gesture that had accompanied it. "Just a leetle drop, with a little cold water, and a lump of sugar."
lump - lump, masse, tas, protubérance, renflement
Mr. Bumble coughed.
coughed - a toussé, tousser, toux
"Now, just a leetle drop," said Mrs. Mann persuasively.
persuasively - de maniere convaincante
"What is it?" inquired the beadle.
"Why, it's what I'm obliged to keep a little of in the house, to put into the blessed infants'Daffy, when they ain't well, Mr. Bumble," replied Mrs. Mann as she opened a corner cupboard, and took down a bottle and glass. "It's gin. I'll not deceive you, Mr. B. It's gin."
Daffy - daffy
ain - Ain
gin - gin
deceive - tromper, leurrer, séduire
"Do you give the children Daffy, Mrs. Mann?" inquired Bumble, following with his eyes the interesting process of mixing.
"Ah, bless 'em, that I do, dear as it is," replied the nurse. "I couldn't see 'em suffer before my very eyes, you know sir."
"No"; said Mr. Bumble approvingly; "no, you could not. You are a humane woman, Mrs. Mann." (Here she set down the glass.) "I shall take a early opportunity of mentioning it to the board, Mrs. Mann." (He drew it towards him.) "You feel as a mother, Mrs. Mann." (He stirred the gin-and-water.) "I"I drink your health with cheerfulness, Mrs. Mann"; and he swallowed half of it.
approvingly - avec approbation
humane - humaine, humain
cheerfulness - gaieté
"And now about business," said the beadle, taking out a leathern pocket-book. "The child that was half-baptized Oliver Twist, is nine year old to-day."
leathern - leathern
pocket-book - (pocket-book) livre de poche
baptized - baptisés, baptiser, couper
"Bless him!" interposed Mrs. Mann, inflaming her left eye with the corner of her apron.
inflaming - enflammer, allumer
apron - tablier, tarmac, piste
"And notwithstanding a offered reward of ten pound, which was afterwards increased to twenty pound. Notwithstanding the most superlative, and, I may say, supernat'ral exertions on the part of this parish," said Bumble, "we have never been able to discover who is his father, or what was his mother's settlement, name, or condition."
notwithstanding - nonobstant
offered - proposé, offrir, proposer
superlative - summum, superlatif, supreme
exertions - des efforts, effort, dépense
Mrs. Mann raised her hands in astonishment; but added, after a moment's reflection, "How comes he to have any name at all, then?"
astonishment - l'étonnement, étonnement
The beadle drew himself up with great pride, and said, "I inwented it."
inwented - inwented
"You, Mr. Bumble!"
"I, Mrs. Mann. We name our fondlings in alphabetical order. The last was a S,"Swubble, I named him. This was a T,"Twist, I named him. The next one comes will be Unwin, and the next Vilkins. I have got names ready made to the end of the alphabet, and all the way through it again, when we come to Z."
fondlings - fondlings
alphabetical - par ordre alphabétique
"Why, you're quite a literary character, sir!" said Mrs. Mann.
"Well, well," said the beadle, evidently gratified with the compliment; "perhaps I may be. Perhaps I may be, Mrs. Mann." He finished the gin-and-water, and added, "Oliver being now too old to remain here, the board have determined to have him back into the house. I have come out myself to take him there. So let me see him at once."
evidently - évidemment, de toute évidence, manifestement
gratified - gratifié, gratifier
compliment - compliment, complimenter, faire un compliment
"I'll fetch him directly," said Mrs. Mann, leaving the room for that purpose. Oliver, having had by this time as much of the outer coat of dirt which encrusted his face and hands, removed, as could be scrubbed off in one washing, was led into the room by his benevolent protectress.
fetch - chercher, apporter, aveignez, amener, aveignent, apportons
encrusted - incrustés, encrouter, incruster
scrubbed - épuré, frotter (a la brosse)
benevolent - bienveillante, bienveillant
protectress - protectrice
"Make a bow to the gentleman, Oliver," said Mrs. Mann.
bow - l'arc, arc
Oliver made a bow, which was divided between the beadle on the chair, and the cocked hat on the table.
"Will you go along with me, Oliver?" said Mr. Bumble, in a majestic voice.
majestic - majestueux
Oliver was about to say that he would go along with anybody with great readiness, when, glancing upward, he caught sight of Mrs. Mann, who had got behind the beadle's chair, and was shaking her fist at him with a furious countenance. He took the hint at once, for the fist had been too often impressed upon his body not to be deeply impressed upon his recollection.
readiness - l'état de préparation, préparation
upward - a la hausse
countenance - visage, approuver
recollection - mémoire
"Will she go with me?" inquired poor Oliver.
"No, she can't," replied Mr. Bumble. "But she'll come and see you sometimes."
This was no very great consolation to the child. Young as he was, however, he had sense enough to make a feint of feeling great regret at going away. It was no very difficult matter for the boy to call tears into his eyes. Hunger and recent ill-usage are great assistants if you want to cry; and Oliver cried very naturally indeed. Mrs.
feint - feinte
Mann gave him a thousand embraces, and what Oliver wanted a great deal more, a piece of bread and butter, less he should seem too hungry when he got to the workhouse. With the slice of bread in his hand, and the little brown-cloth parish cap on his head, Oliver was then led away by Mr. Bumble from the wretched home where one kind word or look had never lighted the gloom of his infant years.
wretched - misérable
gloom - obscurité, pénombre, grisaille, morosité, noirceur
And yet he burst into an agony of childish grief, as the cottage-gate closed after him. Wretched as were the little companions in misery he was leaving behind, they were the only friends he had ever known; and a sense of his loneliness in the great wide world, sank into the child's heart for the first time.
agony - l'agonie, agonie, angoisse
childish - enfantin, puéril, gamin
loneliness - la solitude, solitude
Mr. Bumble walked on with long strides; little Oliver, firmly grasping his gold-laced cuff, trotted beside him, inquiring at the end of every quarter of a mile whether they were "nearly there." To these interrogations Mr.
strides - foulées, marcher a grands pas
laced - lacé, lacet
cuff - manchette
trotted - trotté, trotter
inquiring - en quete de renseignements, enqueter, renseigner
Bumble returned very brief and snappish replies; for the temporary blandness which gin-and-water awakens in some bosoms had by this time evaporated; and he was once again a beadle.
snappish - snappish, harneux, hargneux
awakens - se réveille, réveiller, se réveiller
bosoms - seins, sein, intime
evaporated - s'est évaporée, évaporer
Oliver had not been within the walls of the workhouse a quarter of an hour, and had scarcely completed the demolition of a second slice of bread, when Mr. Bumble, who had handed him over to the care of an old woman, returned; and, telling him it was a board night, informed him that the board had said he was to appear before it forthwith.
scarcely - a peine, a peine, guere
demolition - démolition
forthwith - immédiatement, aussitôt, séance tenante, de ce pas
Not having a very clearly defined notion of what a live board was, Oliver was rather astounded by this intelligence, and was not quite certain whether he ought to laugh or cry. He had no time to think about the matter, however; for Mr.
astounded - stupéfait, étonner, stupéfier, ébahir, épater
Bumble gave him a tap on the head, with his cane, to wake him up: and another on the back to make him lively: and bidding him to follow, conducted him into a large white-washed room, where eight or ten fat gentlemen were sitting round a table. At the top of the table, seated in an arm-chair rather higher than the rest, was a particularly fat gentleman with a very round, red face.
arm-chair - (arm-chair) fauteuil
"Bow to the board," said Bumble. Oliver brushed away two or three tears that were lingering in his eyes; and seeing no board but the table, fortunately bowed to that.
bowed - incliné, (s')incliner devant, saluer d'un signe de tete
"What's your name, boy?" said the gentleman in the high chair.
Oliver was frightened at the sight of so many gentlemen, which made him tremble: and the beadle gave him another tap behind, which made him cry. These two causes made him answer in a very low and hesitating voice; whereupon a gentleman in a white waistcoat said he was a fool. Which was a capital way of raising his spirits, and putting him quite at his ease.
tremble - trembler, vibrer, tremblement, vibration
waistcoat - gilet
"Boy," said the gentleman in the high chair, "listen to me. You know you're an orphan, I suppose?"
"What's that, sir?" inquired poor Oliver.
"The boy is a fool"I thought he was," said the gentleman in the white waistcoat.
"Hush!" said the gentleman who had spoken first. "You know you've got no father or mother, and that you were brought up by the parish, don't you?"
Hush - chut !, silence
"Yes, sir," replied Oliver, weeping bitterly.
weeping - pleurant, (weep) pleurant
bitterly - amerement, amerement
"What are you crying for?" inquired the gentleman in the white waistcoat. And to be sure it was very extraordinary. What could the boy be crying for?
"I hope you say your prayers every night," said another gentleman in a gruff voice; "and pray for the people who feed you, and take care of you"like a Christian."
gruff - bourru, acerbe
Christian - chrétien, chrétienne, Christian
"Yes, sir," stammered the boy. The gentleman who spoke last was unconsciously right. It would have been very like a Christian, and a marvellously good Christian too, if Oliver had prayed for the people who fed and took care of him. But he hadn't, because nobody had taught him.
stammered - balbutié, balbutier, bégayer, bégaiement
unconsciously - inconsciemment
marvellously - merveilleusement
fed - alimentée, alimentées, alimenterent
"Well! You have come here to be educated, and taught a useful trade," said the red-faced gentleman in the high chair.
"So you'll begin to pick oakum to-morrow morning at six o'clock," added the surly one in the white waistcoat.
oakum - de l'étoupe, étoupe
morrow - lendemain, matin
surly - hargneux, grognon, grincheux, impoli, menaçant, rude
For the combination of both these blessings in the one simple process of picking oakum, Oliver bowed low by the direction of the beadle, and was then hurried away to a large ward; where, on a rough, hard bed, he sobbed himself to sleep. What a novel illustration of the tender laws of England! They let the paupers go to sleep!
blessings - des bénédictions, bénédiction, grâce
sobbed - sangloté, fdp-p
paupers - des indigents, pauvre, indigent
Poor Oliver! He little thought, as he lay sleeping in happy unconsciousness of all around him, that the board had that very day arrived at a decision which would exercise the most material influence over all his future fortunes. But they had. And this was it:
unconsciousness - l'inconscience, inconscience
The members of this board were very sage, deep, philosophical men; and when they came to turn their attention to the workhouse, they found out at once, what ordinary folks would never have discovered"the poor people liked it!
sage - sage, sauge, sensé
It was a regular place of public entertainment for the poorer classes; a tavern where there was nothing to pay; a public breakfast, dinner, tea, and supper all the year round; a brick and mortar elysium, where it was all play and no work. "Oho!" said the board, looking very knowing; "we are the fellows to set this to rights; we'll stop it all, in no time.
tavern - taverne
supper - dîner, souper
mortar - mortier
elysium - elysium, Élysée
Oho - oho
" So, they established the rule, that all poor people should have the alternative (for they would compel nobody, not they), of being starved by a gradual process in the house, or by a quick one out of it.
gradual - graduelle, graduel
With this view, they contracted with the water-works to lay on an unlimited supply of water; and with a corn-factor to supply periodically small quantities of oatmeal; and issued three meals of thin gruel a day, with an onion twice a week, and half a roll of Sundays.
unlimited - illimité
corn - mais
periodically - périodiquement
oatmeal - des flocons d'avoine, flocons d'avoine
They made a great many other wise and humane regulations, having reference to the ladies, which it is not necessary to repeat; kindly undertook to divorce poor married people, in consequence of the great expense of a suit in Doctors'Commons; and, instead of compelling a man to support his family, as they had theretofore done, took his family away from him, and made him a bachelor!
theretofore - jusqu'a présent
bachelor - célibataire, licence
There is no saying how many applicants for relief, under these last two heads, might have started up in all classes of society, if it had not been coupled with the workhouse; but the board were long-headed men, and had provided for this difficulty. The relief was inseparable from the workhouse and the gruel; and that frightened people.
inseparable - inséparables, inséparable
For the first six months after Oliver Twist was removed, the system was in full operation. It was rather expensive at first, in consequence of the increase in the undertaker's bill, and the necessity of taking in the clothes of all the paupers, which fluttered loosely on their wasted, shrunken forms, after a week or two's gruel.
undertaker - croque-mort, directeur de funérailles
fluttered - flotté, faséyer, voleter, voltiger, battement
loosely - en toute liberté, sans serrer
But the number of workhouse inmates got thin as well as the paupers; and the board were in ecstasies.
The room in which the boys were fed, was a large stone hall, with a copper at one end: out of which the master, dressed in an apron for the purpose, and assisted by one or two women, ladled the gruel at mealtimes. Of this festive composition each boy had one porringer, and no more"except on occasions of great public rejoicing, when he had two ounces and a quarter of bread besides.
ladled - a la louche, louche, poche
festive - festif, festive
porringer - porringer
rejoicing - se réjouir, réjouissant, gaieté, (rejoice), réjouir
ounces - onces, once
The bowls never wanted washing.
The boys polished them with their spoons till they shone again; and when they had performed this operation (which never took very long, the spoons being nearly as large as the bowls), they would sit staring at the copper, with such eager eyes, as if they could have devoured the very bricks of which it was composed; employing themselves, meanwhile, in sucking their fingers most assiduously, with the view of catching up any stray splashes of gruel that might have been cast thereon. Boys have generally excellent appetites. Oliver Twist and his companions suffered the tortures of slow starvation for three months: at last they got so voracious and wild with hunger, that one boy, who was tall for his age, and hadn't been used to that sort of thing (for his father had kept a small cook-shop), hinted darkly to his companions, that unless he had another basin of gruel per diem, he was afraid he might some night happen to eat the boy who slept next him, who happened to be a weakly youth of tender age. He had a wild, hungry eye; and they implicitly believed him. A council was held; lots were cast who should walk up to the master after supper that evening, and ask for more; and it fell to Oliver Twist.
polished - polie, polonais
devoured - dévorée, dévorer
assiduously - assidument
stray - égaré, écartez, écartent, écartons, écarter
splashes - des éclaboussures, plouf, bruit, éclaboussure, éclabousser
thereon - sur ce point, jusque-la
starvation - la famine, inanition, famine, faim
voracious - vorace
darkly - sombrement
basin - bassin, cuvette, bassine, lavabo
per diem - Par jour
weakly - souffreteuxse
implicitly - implicitement
The evening arrived; the boys took their places. The master, in his cook's uniform, stationed himself at the copper; his pauper assistants ranged themselves behind him; the gruel was served out; and a long grace was said over the short commons. The gruel disappeared; the boys whispered each other, and winked at Oliver; while his next neighbors nudged him.
winked - clin d'oil, faire un clin d'oil (a)
nudged - poussé, petit coup de coude, petite tape amicale, nudge
Child as he was, he was desperate with hunger, and reckless with misery. He rose from the table; and advancing to the master, basin and spoon in hand, said: somewhat alarmed at his own temerity:
reckless - irresponsable, insouciant, téméraire, branque
temerity - la témérité, témérité
"Please, sir, I want some more."
The master was a fat, healthy man; but he turned very pale. He gazed in stupefied astonishment on the small rebel for some seconds, and then clung for support to the copper. The assistants were paralysed with wonder; the boys with fear.
stupefied - stupéfait, stupéfier, abrutir, hébéter, sidérer, abasourdir
paralysed - paralysé, paralyser
"What!" said the master at length, in a faint voice.
"Please, sir," replied Oliver, "I want some more."
The master aimed a blow at Oliver's head with the ladle; pinioned him in his arm; and shrieked aloud for the beadle.
blow at - Souffler a
ladle - louche, poche
shrieked - a crié, hurlement, crier
aloud - a haute voix, a voix haute, a haute voix, fort
The board were sitting in solemn conclave, when Mr. Bumble rushed into the room in great excitement, and addressing the gentleman in the high chair, said,
solemn - solennel
conclave - conclave
"Mr. Limbkins, I beg your pardon, sir! Oliver Twist has asked for more!"
There was a general start. Horror was depicted on every countenance.
"For more!" said Mr. Limbkins. "Compose yourself, Bumble, and answer me distinctly. Do I understand that he asked for more, after he had eaten the supper allotted by the dietary?"
distinctly - distinctement
allotted - allouée, attribuer
dietary - diététique, alimentaire
"He did, sir," replied Bumble.
"That boy will be hung," said the gentleman in the white waistcoat. "I know that boy will be hung."
Nobody controverted the prophetic gentleman's opinion. An animated discussion took place. Oliver was ordered into instant confinement; and a bill was next morning pasted on the outside of the gate, offering a reward of five pounds to anybody who would take Oliver Twist off the hands of the parish.
prophetic - prophétique
animated - animée, animé, animer
confinement - l'enfermement, confinement
In other words, five pounds and Oliver Twist were offered to any man or woman who wanted an apprentice to any trade, business, or calling.
apprentice - apprenti
"I never was more convinced of anything in my life," said the gentleman in the white waistcoat, as he knocked at the gate and read the bill next morning: "I never was more convinced of anything in my life, than I am that that boy will come to be hung."
knocked at - frappé
As I purpose to show in the sequel whether the white waistcoated gentleman was right or not, I should perhaps mar the interest of this narrative (supposing it to possess any at all), if I ventured to hint just yet, whether the life of Oliver Twist had this violent termination or no.
sequel - suite
waistcoated - enrobé, gilet
mar - mar, carboniser
termination - la résiliation, terminaison, fin
CHAPTER III. RELATES HOW OLIVER TWIST WAS VERY NEAR GETTING A PLACE WHICH WOULD NOT HAVE BEEN A SINECURE
sinecure - sinécure
For a week after the commission of the impious and profane offence of asking for more, Oliver remained a close prisoner in the dark and solitary room to which he had been consigned by the wisdom and mercy of the board.
impious - impie
profane - impur, profane, sale, sacrilege, profaner
solitary - solitaire, seul, un a un
It appears, at first sight not unreasonable to suppose, that, if he had entertained a becoming feeling of respect for the prediction of the gentleman in the white waistcoat, he would have established that sage individual's prophetic character, once and for ever, by tying one end of his pocket-handkerchief to a hook in the wall, and attaching himself to the other.
unreasonable - déraisonnable
handkerchief - mouchoir
To the performance of this feat, however, there was one obstacle: namely, that pocket-handkerchiefs being decided articles of luxury, had been, for all future times and ages, removed from the noses of paupers by the express order of the board, in council assembled: solemnly given and pronounced under their hands and seals. There was a still greater obstacle in Oliver's youth and childishness.
handkerchiefs - des mouchoirs, mouchoir
childishness - l'infantilisme, enfantillage
He only cried bitterly all day; and, when the long, dismal night came on, spread his little hands before his eyes to shut out the darkness, and crouching in the corner, tried to sleep: ever and anon waking with a start and tremble, and drawing himself closer and closer to the wall, as if to feel even its cold hard surface were a protection in the gloom and loneliness which surrounded him.
dismal - lamentable, misérable, morne, lugubre, déprimant
crouching - accroupi, s'accroupir
anon - anon
Let it not be supposed by the enemies of "the system," that, during the period of his solitary incarceration, Oliver was denied the benefit of exercise, the pleasure of society, or the advantages of religious consolation. As for exercise, it was nice cold weather, and he was allowed to perform his ablutions every morning under the pump, in a stone yard, in the presence of Mr.
incarceration - l'incarcération, incarcération
ablutions - ablutions, ablution
Bumble, who prevented his catching cold, and caused a tingling sensation to pervade his frame, by repeated applications of the cane. As for society, he was carried every other day into the hall where the boys dined, and there sociably flogged as a public warning and example.
tingling - picotements, picotement, (tingle), picoter
pervade - se répandre, saturer, pénétrer, envahir
dined - dîné, vacarme
sociably - socialement
flogged - fouetté, fouetter
And so far from being denied the advantages of religious consolation, he was kicked into the same apartment every evening at prayer-time, and there permitted to listen to, and console his mind with, a general supplication of the boys, containing a special clause, therein inserted by authority of the board, in which they entreated to be made good, virtuous, contented, and obedient, and to be guarded from the sins and vices of Oliver Twist: whom the supplication distinctly set forth to be under the exclusive patronage and protection of the powers of wickedness, and an article direct from the manufactory of the very Devil himself.
console - console, consolons, consolent, consoler, consolez
supplication - supplication
Therein - dans
entreated - demandé, supplier
virtuous - vertueux
contented - satisfait
obedient - obéissant
Patronage - soutien, mécénat, parrainage, clientele, clientélisme, patronage
wickedness - méchanceté, perversité, iniquité, mauvaise action
manufactory - fabrication
It chanced one morning, while Oliver's affairs were in this auspicious and comfortable state, that Mr. Gamfield, chimney-sweep, went his way down the High Street, deeply cogitating in his mind his ways and means of paying certain arrears of rent, for which his landlord had become rather pressing. Mr.
auspicious - de bon augure
chimney-sweep - (chimney-sweep) ramoneur
cogitating - cogiter, réfléchir
arrears - des arriérés, arriéré
Gamfield's most sanguine estimate of his finances could not raise them within full five pounds of the desired amount; and, in a species of arithmetical desperation, he was alternately cudgelling his brains and his donkey, when passing the workhouse, his eyes encountered the bill on the gate.
Sanguine - sanguine
arithmetical - arithmétique
desperation - le désespoir, désespoir
cudgelling - la lutte contre la pauvreté, (cudgel), gourdin
donkey - l'âne, âne
"Wo"o!" said Mr. Gamfield to the donkey.
The donkey was in a state of profound abstraction: wondering, probably, whether he was destined to be regaled with a cabbage-stalk or two when he had disposed of the two sacks of soot with which the little cart was laden; so, without noticing the word of command, he jogged onward.
abstraction - l'abstraction, abstraction
regaled - régalé, royal
cabbage - choux, chou
stalk - de la traque, queue, tige
Soot - la suie, suie
cart - chariot, charrette
laden - laden, chargé, chargée, (lade) laden
jogged - joggé, rench: -neededr, remuer, faire du jogging
onward - plus loin, en avant
Mr. Gamfield growled a fierce imprecation on the donkey generally, but more particularly on his eyes; and, running after him, bestowed a blow on his head, which would inevitably have beaten in any skull but a donkey's. Then, catching hold of the bridle, he gave his jaw a sharp wrench, by way of gentle reminder that he was not his own master; and by these means turned him round.
growled - a grogné, feulement, grognement, borborygme, gargouillement
imprecation - exécrer, maudire, lancer des imprécations contre, imprécation
bridle - bride, brider, refréner, etre susceptible
jaw - mâchoire
wrench - clé a molette, déménager, clef, clé
gentle reminder - Un petit rappel
He then gave him another blow on the head, just to stun him till he came back again. Having completed these arrangements, he walked up to the gate, to read the bill.
The gentleman with the white waistcoat was standing at the gate with his hands behind him, after having delivered himself of some profound sentiments in the board-room. Having witnessed the little dispute between Mr. Gamfield and the donkey, he smiled joyously when that person came up to read the bill, for he saw at once that Mr. Gamfield was exactly the sort of master Oliver Twist wanted. Mr.
joyously - joyeusement
Gamfield smiled, too, as he perused the document; for five pounds was just the sum he had been wishing for; and, as to the boy with which it was encumbered, Mr. Gamfield, knowing what the dietary of the workhouse was, well knew he would be a nice small pattern, just the very thing for register stoves.
perused - consultés, examiner, jeter un coup d'oil, survoler, feuilleter
stoves - poeles, cuisiniere, poele
So, he spelt the bill through again, from beginning to end; and then, touching his fur cap in token of humility, accosted the gentleman in the white waistcoat.
fur cap - une casquette en fourrure
token - de jeton, symbole, jeton, symbolique
accosted - accosté, accoster
"This here boy, sir, wot the parish wants to 'prentis," said Mr. Gamfield.
"Ay, my man," said the gentleman in the white waistcoat, with a condescending smile. "What of him?"
Ay - il est vrai que
"If the parish vould like him to learn a right pleasant trade, in a good 'spectable chimbley-sweepin'bisness," said Mr. Gamfield, "I wants a 'prentis, and I am ready to take him."
vould - pourrait
spectable - spectable
chimbley - chimbley
sweepin - balayage
"Walk in," said the gentleman in the white waistcoat. Mr. Gamfield having lingered behind, to give the donkey another blow on the head, and another wrench of the jaw, as a caution not to run away in his absence, followed the gentleman with the white waistcoat into the room where Oliver had first seen him.
"It's a nasty trade," said Mr. Limbkins, when Gamfield had again stated his wish.
"Young boys have been smothered in chimneys before now," said another gentleman.
chimneys - les cheminées, cheminée
"That's acause they damped the straw afore they lit it in the chimbley to make 'em come down again," said Gamfield; "that's all smoke, and no blaze; vereas smoke ain't o'no use at all in making a boy come down, for it only sinds him to sleep, and that's wot he likes. Boys is wery obstinit, and wery lazy, Gen'l'men, and there's nothink like a good hot blaze to make 'em come down vith a run.
acause - cause
damped - amortie, humide, moite, mouillé, humidité, grisou, amortir
afore - avant
blaze - flamme, feu, embrasement
gen - gen
nothink - pas de pensée
It's humane too, gen'l'men, acause, even if they've stuck in the chimbley, roasting their feet makes 'em struggle to hextricate theirselves."
roasting - la torréfaction, rôtissant, rôtissage, (roast), rôtir
theirselves - eux-memes
The gentleman in the white waistcoat appeared very much amused by this explanation; but his mirth was speedily checked by a look from Mr. Limbkins. The board then proceeded to converse among themselves for a few minutes, but in so low a tone, that the words "saving of expenditure," "looked well in the accounts," "have a printed report published," were alone audible.
amused - amusé, amuser
mirth - l'humour, gaieté
converse - converser, conversez, conversons, conversent
audible - audible
These only chanced to be heard, indeed, or account of their being very frequently repeated with great emphasis.
At length the whispering ceased; and the members of the board, having resumed their seats and their solemnity, Mr. Limbkins said:
solemnity - solennité
"We have considered your proposition, and we don't approve of it."
"Not at all," said the gentleman in the white waistcoat.
"Decidedly not," added the other members.
As Mr. Gamfield did happen to labour under the slight imputation of having bruised three or four boys to death already, it occurred to him that the board had, perhaps, in some unaccountable freak, taken it into their heads that this extraneous circumstance ought to influence their proceedings.
imputation - imputation
bruised - contusionné, contusionner, meurtrir, taler, cotir, se taler
unaccountable - sans avoir a rendre de comptes
freak - monstre, anormal
extraneous - étrangers
It was very unlike their general mode of doing business, if they had; but still, as he had no particular wish to revive the rumour, he twisted his cap in his hands, and walked slowly from the table.
"So you won't let me have him, gen'l'men?" said Mr. Gamfield, pausing near the door.
"No," replied Mr. Limbkins; "at least, as it's a nasty business, we think you ought to take something less than the premium we offered."
Mr. Gamfield's countenance brightened, as, with a quick step, he returned to the table, and said,
"What'll you give, gen'l'men? Come! Don't be too hard on a poor man. What'll you give?"
"I should say, three pound ten was plenty," said Mr. Limbkins.
"Ten shillings too much," said the gentleman in the white waistcoat.
shillings - shillings, shilling
"Come!" said Gamfield; "say four pound, gen'l'men. Say four pound, and you've got rid of him for good and all. There!"
"Three pound ten," repeated Mr. Limbkins, firmly.
"Come! I'll split the diff'erence, gen'l'men," urged Gamfield. "Three pound fifteen."
diff - diff
erence - érence
"Not a farthing more," was the firm reply of Mr. Limbkins.
farthing - farthing
"You're desperate hard upon me, gen'l'men," said Gamfield, wavering.
"Pooh! pooh! nonsense!" said the gentleman in the white waistcoat. "He'd be cheap with nothing at all, as a premium. Take him, you silly fellow! He's just the boy for you. He wants the stick, now and then: it'll do him good; and his board needn't come very expensive, for he hasn't been overfed since he was born. Ha! ha! ha!"
overfed - trop nourri, suralimenter
ha - HA
Mr. Gamfield gave an arch look at the faces round the table, and, observing a smile on all of them, gradually broke into a smile himself. The bargain was made. Mr. Bumble, was at once instructed that Oliver Twist and his indentures were to be conveyed before the magistrate, for signature and approval, that very afternoon.
arch - arch, dôme
In pursuance of this determination, little Oliver, to his excessive astonishment, was released from bondage, and ordered to put himself into a clean shirt. He had hardly achieved this very unusual gymnastic performance, when Mr. Bumble brought him, with his own hands, a basin of gruel, and the holiday allowance of two ounces and a quarter of bread.
pursuance - poursuite
bondage - le bondage, esclavage, servitude, bondage
At this tremendous sight, Oliver began to cry very piteously: thinking, not unnaturally, that the board must have determined to kill him for some useful purpose, or they never would have begun to fatten him up in that way.
piteously - piteusement
unnaturally - de façon non naturelle
fatten - engraisser, grossir
"Don't make your eyes red, Oliver, but eat your food and be thankful," said Mr. Bumble, in a tone of impressive pomposity. "You're a going to be made a 'prentice of, Oliver."
pomposity - l'arrogance
prentice - prentice
"A prentice, sir!" said the child, trembling.
"Yes, Oliver," said Mr. Bumble. "The kind and blessed gentleman which is so many parents to you, Oliver, when you have none of your own: are a going to "prentice" you: and to set you up in life, and make a man of you: although the expense to the parish is three pound ten!"three pound ten, Oliver!"seventy shillins"one hundred and forty sixpences!
"and all for a naughty orphan which nobody can't love."
naughty - malicieux, malin, méchant, vilain, risqué
As Mr. Bumble paused to take breath, after delivering this address in an awful voice, the tears rolled down the poor child's face, and he sobbed bitterly.
"Come," said Mr. Bumble, somewhat less pompously, for it was gratifying to his feelings to observe the effect his eloquence had produced; "Come, Oliver! Wipe your eyes with the cuffs of your jacket, and don't cry into your gruel; that's a very foolish action, Oliver." It certainly was, for there was quite enough water in it already.
pompously - pompeusement
gratifying - gratifiante, gratifier
feelings - sentiments
eloquence - l'éloquence, éloquence
cuffs - manchettes, manchette
don't cry - ne pas pleurer
foolish - sot, stupide, bete, idiot
On their way to the magistrate, Mr. Bumble instructed Oliver that all he would have to do, would be to look very happy, and say, when the gentleman asked him if he wanted to be apprenticed, that he should like it very much indeed; both of which injunctions Oliver promised to obey: the rather as Mr.
apprenticed - apprentissage, apprenti
injunctions - injonctions, injonction
Bumble threw in a gentle hint, that if he failed in either particular, there was no telling what would be done to him. When they arrived at the office, he was shut up in a little room by himself, and admonished by Mr. Bumble to stay there, until he came back to fetch him.
admonished - admonesté, admonester, avertir, réprimander
There the boy remained, with a palpitating heart, for half an hour. At the expiration of which time Mr. Bumble thrust in his head, unadorned with the cocked hat, and said aloud:
palpitating - des palpitations, palpiter
expiration - expiration
thrust - estocade, poussée, propulser
unadorned - sans fioritures
"Now, Oliver, my dear, come to the gentleman." As Mr. Bumble said this, he put on a grim and threatening look, and added, in a low voice, "Mind what I told you, you young rascal!"
grim - sinistre
rascal - racaille, canaille, coquin, crapule, filou
Oliver stared innocently in Mr. Bumble's face at this somewhat contradictory style of address; but that gentleman prevented his offering any remark thereupon, by leading him at once into an adjoining room: the door of which was open. It was a large room, with a great window.
innocently - en toute innocence
contradictory - contradictoire
thereupon - a ce sujet, sur ce, la-dessus
adjoining - adjacente, adjoindre, toucher
Behind a desk, sat two old gentleman with powdered heads: one of whom was reading the newspaper; while the other was perusing, with the aid of a pair of tortoise-shell spectacles, a small piece of parchment which lay before him. Mr. Limbkins was standing in front of the desk on one side; and Mr.
perusing - en train de lire, examiner, jeter un coup d'oil, survoler
tortoise-shell - (tortoise-shell) carapace de tortue
parchment - parchemin, vélin
Gamfield, with a partially washed face, on the other; while two or three bluff-looking men, in top-boots, were lounging about.
bluff - bluff, direct
top-boots - (top-boots) Bottes de cow-boy
lounging - se prélasser, (lounge), salle d'attente, salon
The old gentleman with the spectacles gradually dozed off, over the little bit of parchment; and there was a short pause, after Oliver had been stationed by Mr. Bumble in front of the desk.
dozed - s'est assoupi, sommeiller
"This is the boy, your worship," said Mr. Bumble.
The old gentleman who was reading the newspaper raised his head for a moment, and pulled the other old gentleman by the sleeve; whereupon, the last-mentioned old gentleman woke up.
sleeve - manche, chemise (inner), gaine (outer), manchon
"Oh, is this the boy?" said the old gentleman.
"This is him, sir," replied Mr. Bumble. "Bow to the magistrate, my dear."
Oliver roused himself, and made his best obeisance. He had been wondering, with his eyes fixed on the magistrates'powder, whether all boards were born with that white stuff on their heads, and were boards from thenceforth on that account.
roused - réveillé, réveiller
thenceforth - désormais
"Well," said the old gentleman, "I suppose he's fond of chimney-sweeping?"
chimney - cheminée
"He doats on it, your worship," replied Bumble; giving Oliver a sly pinch, to intimate that he had better not say he didn't.
sly - sly, sournois, malin, rusé, matois, espiegle
pinch - pincer, chiper, pincement, pincée
"And he will be a sweep, will he?" inquired the old gentleman.
"If we was to bind him to any other trade to-morrow, he'd run away simultaneous, your worship," replied Bumble.
simultaneous - simultanées
"And this man that's to be his master"you, sir"you'll treat him well, and feed him, and do all that sort of thing, will you?" said the old gentleman.
"When I says I will, I means I will," replied Mr. Gamfield doggedly.
doggedly - avec acharnement
"You're a rough speaker, my friend, but you look an honest, open-hearted man," said the old gentleman: turning his spectacles in the direction of the candidate for Oliver's premium, whose villainous countenance was a regular stamped receipt for cruelty. But the magistrate was half blind and half childish, so he couldn't reasonably be expected to discern what other people did.
villainous - infâme
cruelty - la cruauté, cruauté
discern - discerner
"I hope I am, sir," said Mr. Gamfield, with an ugly leer.
leer - leer, regard mauvais, (lee) leer
"I have no doubt you are, my friend," replied the old gentleman: fixing his spectacles more firmly on his nose, and looking about him for the inkstand.
It was the critical moment of Oliver's fate. If the inkstand had been where the old gentleman thought it was, he would have dipped his pen into it, and signed the indentures, and Oliver would have been straightway hurried off.
straightway - tout de suite
But, as it chanced to be immediately under his nose, it followed, as a matter of course, that he looked all over his desk for it, without finding it; and happening in the course of his search to look straight before him, his gaze encountered the pale and terrified face of Oliver Twist: who, despite all the admonitory looks and pinches of Bumble, was regarding the repulsive countenance of his future master, with a mingled expression of horror and fear, too palpable to be mistaken, even by a half-blind magistrate.
admonitory - admonitoire
pinches - pincées, pincer, chiper, pincement, pincée
repulsive - répugnant
mingled - mélangés, mélanger
palpable - palpable
The old gentleman stopped, laid down his pen, and looked from Oliver to Mr. Limbkins; who attempted to take snuff with a cheerful and unconcerned aspect.
take snuff - Prise du tabac
unconcerned - indifférent, indifférence
"My boy!" said the old gentleman, "you look pale and alarmed. What is the matter?"
"Stand a little away from him, Beadle," said the other magistrate: laying aside the paper, and leaning forward with an expression of interest. "Now, boy, tell us what's the matter: don't be afraid."
Oliver fell on his knees, and clasping his hands together, prayed that they would order him back to the dark room"that they would starve him"beat him"kill him if they pleased"rather than send him away with that dreadful man.
clasping - de l'agrippement, (clasp), fermoir, serrer
dreadful - épouvantable, redoutable, affreux, terrible
"Well!" said Mr. Bumble, raising his hands and eyes with most impressive solemnity. "Well! of all the artful and designing orphans that ever I see, Oliver, you are one of the most bare-facedest."
artful - artistique, artificieux
facedest - faceest
"Hold your tongue, Beadle," said the second old gentleman, when Mr. Bumble had given vent to this compound adjective.
vent - évent
adjective - nom adjectif, adjectiver, adjectiviser, adjectivaliser
"I beg your worship's pardon," said Mr. Bumble, incredulous of having heard aright. "Did your worship speak to me?"
incredulous - incrédule
aright - n'est-ce pas
"Yes. Hold your tongue."
Mr. Bumble was stupefied with astonishment. A beadle ordered to hold his tongue! A moral revolution!
The old gentleman in the tortoise-shell spectacles looked at his companion, he nodded significantly.
Tortoise - tortue
"We refuse to sanction these indentures," said the old gentleman: tossing aside the piece of parchment as he spoke.
refuse - refuser, refusons, refusent, refusez
"I hope," stammered Mr. Limbkins: "I hope the magistrates will not form the opinion that the authorities have been guilty of any improper conduct, on the unsupported testimony of a child."
improper - inapproprié
unsupported - sans soutien
"The magistrates are not called upon to pronounce any opinion on the matter," said the second old gentleman sharply. "Take the boy back to the workhouse, and treat him kindly. He seems to want it."
sharply - brusquement
That same evening, the gentleman in the white waistcoat most positively and decidedly affirmed, not only that Oliver would be hung, but that he would be drawn and quartered into the bargain. Mr. Bumble shook his head with gloomy mystery, and said he wished he might come to good; whereunto Mr.
positively - positivement
gloomy - morose, lugubre, sombre, terne, maussade
whereunto - ou
Gamfield replied, that he wished he might come to him; which, although he agreed with the beadle in most matters, would seem to be a wish of a totally opposite description.
The next morning, the public were once informed that Oliver Twist was again To Let, and that five pounds would be paid to anybody who would take possession of him.
In great families, when an advantageous place cannot be obtained, either in possession, reversion, remainder, or expectancy, for the young man who is growing up, it is a very general custom to send him to sea. The board, in imitation of so wise and salutary an example, took counsel together on the expediency of shipping off Oliver Twist, in some small trading vessel bound to a good unhealthy port.
advantageous - avantageux
Reversion - réversion, retour
expectancy - l'espérance de vie, attente, espérance, expectative
imitation - imitation
salutary - salutaire
counsel - conseil, expertise, plan, projet, conseiller
expediency - l'opportunisme, efficacité, opportunisme, convenance
unhealthy - malsain, mauvais pour la santé
This suggested itself as the very best thing that could possibly be done with him: the probability being, that the skipper would flog him to death, in a playful mood, some day after dinner, or would knock his brains out with an iron bar; both pastimes being, as is pretty generally known, very favourite and common recreations among gentleman of that class.
skipper - skipper, capitaine
flog - flog, fouetter
playful - ludique, folâtre, enjoué, joueur
pastimes - loisirs, passe-temps
recreations - loisirs, divertissement
The more the case presented itself to the board, in this point of view, the more manifold the advantages of the step appeared; so, they came to the conclusion that the only way of providing for Oliver effectually, was to send him to sea without delay.
manifold - copie
effectually - efficacement
Mr. Bumble had been despatched to make various preliminary inquiries, with the view of finding out some captain or other who wanted a cabin-boy without any friends; and was returning to the workhouse to communicate the result of his mission; when he encountered at the gate, no less a person than Mr. Sowerberry, the parochial undertaker.
inquiries - des demandes de renseignements, enquete
Mr. Sowerberry was a tall gaunt, large-jointed man, attired in a suit of threadbare black, with darned cotton stockings of the same colour, and shoes to answer. His features were not naturally intended to wear a smiling aspect, but he was in general rather given to professional jocosity. His step was elastic, and his face betokened inward pleasantry, as he advanced to Mr.
gaunt - décharné, maigre, osseux, anguleux, émacié
attired in - habiller
threadbare - filiforme, élimé
darned - darned, (darn) darned
stockings - bas
jocosity - jocosité
elastic - élastique
inward - vers l'intérieur, intérieur
pleasantry - l'amabilité
Bumble, and shook him cordially by the hand.
cordially - cordialement
"I have taken the measure of the two women that died last night, Mr. Bumble," said the undertaker.
"You'll make your fortune, Mr. Sowerberry," said the beadle, as he thrust his thumb and forefinger into the proffered snuff-box of the undertaker: which was an ingenious little model of a patent coffin. "I say you'll make your fortune, Mr. Sowerberry," repeated Mr. Bumble, tapping the undertaker on the shoulder, in a friendly manner, with his cane.
forefinger - l'index, index
proffered - proposée, offrir, entreprendre
snuff - tabac a priser, coryza
ingenious - ingénieux
coffin - cercueil
"Think so?" said the undertaker in a tone which half admitted and half disputed the probability of the event. "The prices allowed by the board are very small, Mr. Bumble."
"So are the coffins," replied the beadle: with precisely as near an approach to a laugh as a great official ought to indulge in.
coffins - cercueils, cercueil
Mr. Sowerberry was much tickled at this: as of course he ought to be; and laughed a long time without cessation. "Well, well, Mr. Bumble," he said at length, "There's no denying that, since the new system of feeding has come in, the coffins are something narrower and more shallow than they used to be; but we must have some profit, Mr. Bumble.
tickled - chatouillé, chatouiller
cessation - l'arret, cessation
There's no denying - On ne peut pas le nier
feeding - l'alimentation, alimentant, (feed) l'alimentation
Well-seasoned timber is an expensive article, sir; and all the iron handles come, by canal, from Birmingham."
"Well, well," said Mr. Bumble, "every trade has its drawbacks. A fair profit is, of course, allowable."
drawbacks - des inconvénients, inconvénient, désavantage, drawback
allowable - admissibles
"Of course, of course," replied the undertaker; "and if I don't get a profit upon this or that particular article, why, I make it up in the long-run, you see"he! he! he!"
"Just so," said Mr. Bumble.
"Though I must say," continued the undertaker, resuming the current of observations which the beadle had interrupted: "though I must say, Mr. Bumble, that I have to contend against one very great disadvantage: which is, that all the stout people go off the quickest.
stout - stout, solide
The people who have been better off, and have paid rates for many years, are the first to sink when they come into the house; and let me tell you, Mr. Bumble, that three or four inches over one's calculation makes a great hole in one's profits: especially when one has a family to provide for, sir."
As Mr. Sowerberry said this, with the becoming indignation of an ill-used man; and as Mr. Bumble felt that it rather tended to convey a reflection on the honour of the parish; the latter gentleman thought it advisable to change the subject. Oliver Twist being uppermost in his mind, he made him his theme.
indignation - l'indignation, indignation
advisable - est-il souhaitable
uppermost - le plus haut
"By the bye," said Mr. Bumble, "you don't know anybody who wants a boy, do you? A porochial 'prentis, who is at present a dead-weight; a millstone, as I may say, round the porochial throat? Liberal terms, Mr. Sowerberry, liberal terms?" As Mr.
millstone - pierre meuliere, meule, meuliere
Bumble spoke, he raised his cane to the bill above him, and gave three distinct raps upon the words "five pounds": which were printed thereon in Roman capitals of gigantic size.
raps - raps, coup sec
gigantic - gigantesque, colossal
"Gadso!" said the undertaker: taking Mr. Bumble by the gilt-edged lappel of his official coat; "that's just the very thing I wanted to speak to you about. You know"Dear me, what a very elegant button this is, Mr. Bumble! I never noticed it before."
Gadso - gadso
gilt - doré, dorure, (gild) doré
Dear me - Cher moi
"Yes, I think it rather pretty," said the beadle, glancing proudly downwards at the large brass buttons which embellished his coat. "The die is the same as the porochial seal"the Good Samaritan healing the sick and bruised man. The board presented it to me on Newyear's morning, Mr. Sowerberry.
proudly - fierement, fierement
brass - laiton, airain
embellished - embelli, embellir
Samaritan - Samaritain, Samaritaine
I put it on, I remember, for the first time, to attend the inquest on that reduced tradesman, who died in a doorway at midnight."
tradesman - artisan
doorway - l'embrasure de la porte, embrasure de la porte
"I recollect," said the undertaker. "The jury brought it in, Died from exposure to the cold, and want of the common necessaries of life,'didn't they?"
recollect - se souvenir, se ressaisir
Mr. Bumble nodded.
"And they made it a special verdict, I think," said the undertaker, "by adding some words to the effect, that if the relieving officer had""
"Tush! Foolery!" interposed the beadle. "If the board attended to all the nonsense that ignorant jurymen talk, they'd have enough to do."
tush - fesses
foolery - la betise, folie
ignorant - ignorant
"Very true," said the undertaker; "they would indeed."
"Juries," said Mr. Bumble, grasping his cane tightly, as was his wont when working into a passion: "juries is ineddicated, vulgar, grovelling wretches."
tightly - étanche, fermement
wont - de la volonté
ineddicated - ineddicated
vulgar - vulgaire, obscene
grovelling - des courbettes, (grovel), s'abaisser, larbiner
wretches - misérables, malheureux/-euse
"So they are," said the undertaker.
"They haven't no more philosophy nor political economy about 'em than that," said the beadle, snapping his fingers contemptuously.
contemptuously - avec mépris
"No more they have," acquiesced the undertaker.
acquiesced - acquiescé, acquiescer
"I despise 'em," said the beadle, growing very red in the face.
despise - mépriser, dédaigner
"So do I," rejoined the undertaker.
"And I only wish we'd a jury of the independent sort, in the house for a week or two," said the beadle; "the rules and regulations of the board would soon bring their spirit down for 'em."
"Let 'em alone for that," replied the undertaker. So saying, he smiled, approvingly: to calm the rising wrath of the indignant parish officer.
wrath - colere, fureur, courroux, ire, colere
indignant - indigné
Mr Bumble lifted off his cocked hat; took a handkerchief from the inside of the crown; wiped from his forehead the perspiration which his rage had engendered; fixed the cocked hat on again; and, turning to the undertaker, said in a calmer voice:
"Well; what about the boy?"
"Oh!" replied the undertaker; "why, you know, Mr. Bumble, I pay a good deal towards the poor's rates."
"Hem!" said Mr. Bumble. "Well?"
hem - l'ourlet, ourlet
"Well," replied the undertaker, "I was thinking that if I pay so much towards 'em, I've a right to get as much out of 'em as I can, Mr. Bumble; and so"I think I'll take the boy myself."
Mr. Bumble grasped the undertaker by the arm, and led him into the building. Mr.
Sowerberry was closeted with the board for five minutes; and it was arranged that Oliver should go to him that evening "upon liking""a phrase which means, in the case of a parish apprentice, that if the master find, upon a short trial, that he can get enough work out of a boy without putting too much food into him, he shall have him for a term of years, to do what he likes with.
closeted - fermé, placard
When little Oliver was taken before "the gentlemen" that evening; and informed that he was to go, that night, as general house-lad to a coffin-maker's; and that if he complained of his situation, or ever came back to the parish again, he would be sent to sea, there to be drowned, or knocked on the head, as the case might be, he evinced so little emotion, that they by common consent pronounced him a hardened young rascal, and ordered Mr. Bumble to remove him forthwith.
Maker - le fabricant, faiseur, fabricant, créateur
be drowned - etre noyé
evinced - évincé, montrer, prouver
Now, although it was very natural that the board, of all people in the world, should feel in a great state of virtuous astonishment and horror at the smallest tokens of want of feeling on the part of anybody, they were rather out, in this particular instance.
tokens - des jetons, symbole, jeton, symbolique
The simple fact was, that Oliver, instead of possessing too little feeling, possessed rather too much; and was in a fair way of being reduced, for life, to a state of brutal stupidity and sullenness by the ill usage he had received.
stupidity - stupidité, idiotie, ânerie, sottise
He heard the news of his destination, in perfect silence; and, having had his luggage put into his hand"which was not very difficult to carry, inasmuch as it was all comprised within the limits of a brown paper parcel, about half a foot square by three inches deep"he pulled his cap over his eyes; and once more attaching himself to Mr.
luggage - bagages, bagage
parcel - colis, paquet, parcelle, empaqueter, emballer, envelopper
Bumble's coat cuff, was led away by that dignitary to a new scene of suffering.
dignitary - dignitaire
For some time, Mr. Bumble drew Oliver along, without notice or remark; for the beadle carried his head very erect, as a beadle always should: and, it being a windy day, little Oliver was completely enshrouded by the skirts of Mr. Bumble's coat as they blew open, and disclosed to great advantage his flapped waistcoat and drab plush knee-breeches. As they drew near to their destination, however, Mr.
windy - éventé
flapped - battu, pan
drab - terne
plush - peluche
knee-breeches - (knee-breeches) Haut-de-chause
Bumble thought it expedient to look down, and see that the boy was in good order for inspection by his new master: which he accordingly did, with a fit and becoming air of gracious patronage.
expedient - opportun, expédient
"Oliver!" said Mr. Bumble.
"Yes, sir," replied Oliver, in a low, tremulous voice.
tremulous - tremblant
"Pull that cap off your eyes, and hold up your head, sir."
Although Oliver did as he was desired, at once; and passed the back of his unoccupied hand briskly across his eyes, he left a tear in them when he looked up at his conductor. As Mr. Bumble gazed sternly upon him, it rolled down his cheek. It was followed by another, and another. The child made a strong effort, but it was an unsuccessful one. Withdrawing his other hand from Mr.
unoccupied - inoccupé
briskly - rapidement, vivement
conductor - chef d'orchestre, contrôleur, poinçonneur (ancient, in bus)
sternly - séverement
unsuccessful - sans succes
Bumble's he covered his face with both; and wept until the tears sprung out from between his chin and bony fingers.
wept - pleuré, pleurer
chin - menton
bony - osseux
"Well!" exclaimed Mr. Bumble, stopping short, and darting at his little charge a look of intense malignity. "Well! Of all the ungratefullest, and worst-disposed boys as ever I see, Oliver, you are the""
exclaimed - s'est exclamé, exclamer
darting - darting, dard, fleche
malignity - malignité
ungratefullest - les plus ingrats
"No, no, sir," sobbed Oliver, clinging to the hand which held the well-known cane; "no, no, sir; I will be good indeed; indeed, indeed I will, sir! I am a very little boy, sir; and it is so"so""
"So what?" inquired Mr. Bumble in amazement.
amazement - l'étonnement, stupéfaction, stupeur
"So lonely, sir! So very lonely!" cried the child. "Everybody hates me. Oh! sir, don't, don't pray be cross to me!" The child beat his hand upon his heart; and looked in his companion's face, with tears of real agony.
Mr. Bumble regarded Oliver's piteous and helpless look, with some astonishment, for a few seconds; hemmed three or four times in a husky manner; and after muttering something about "that troublesome cough," bade Oliver dry his eyes and be a good boy. Then once more taking his hand, he walked on with him in silence.
piteous - piteux, pitoyable
helpless - sans défense, désemparé
hemmed - ourlé, ourlet
husky - husky, enroué
muttering - marmonner, grommellement, (mutter) marmonner
cough - tousser, toux
bade - Bade
The undertaker, who had just put up the shutters of his shop, was making some entries in his day-book by the light of a most appropriate dismal candle, when Mr. Bumble entered.
shutters - des volets, volet, contrevent, obturateur
"Aha!" said the undertaker; looking up from the book, and pausing in the middle of a word; "is that you, Bumble?"
Aha - aha, tiens donc
"No one else, Mr. Sowerberry," replied the beadle. "Here! I've brought the boy." Oliver made a bow.
"Oh! that's the boy, is it?" said the undertaker: raising the candle above his head, to get a better view of Oliver. "Mrs. Sowerberry, will you have the goodness to come here a moment, my dear?"
Mrs. Sowerberry emerged from a little room behind the shop, and presented the form of a short, thin, squeezed-up woman, with a vixenish countenance.
vixenish - vixenish
"My dear," said Mr. Sowerberry, deferentially, "this is the boy from the workhouse that I told you of." Oliver bowed again.
deferentially - avec déférence
"Dear me!" said the undertaker's wife, "he's very small."
"Why, he is rather small," replied Mr. Bumble: looking at Oliver as if it were his fault that he was no bigger; "he is small. There's no denying it. But he'll grow, Mrs. Sowerberry"he'll grow."
"Ah! I dare say he will," replied the lady pettishly, "on our victuals and our drink. I see no saving in parish children, not I; for they always cost more to keep, than they're worth. However, men always think they know best. There! Get downstairs, little bag o'bones.
pettishly - avec pétulance
" With this, the undertaker's wife opened a side door, and pushed Oliver down a steep flight of stairs into a stone cell, damp and dark: forming the ante-room to the coal-cellar, and denominated "kitchen"; wherein sat a slatternly girl, in shoes down at heel, and blue worsted stockings very much out of repair.
damp - humide, moite, mouillé, humidité, grisou, amortir
ante - ante, mise, miser
wherein - ou
slatternly - en bavette
worsted - worsted, peigné, (worst), pire
"Here, Charlotte," said Mr. Sowerberry, who had followed Oliver down, "give this boy some of the cold bits that were put by for Trip. He hasn't come home since the morning, so he may go without 'em. I dare say the boy isn't too dainty to eat 'em"are you, boy?"
Charlotte - charlotte
He hasn't come - Il n'est pas venu
dainty - délicate, délicat, mignon
Oliver, whose eyes had glistened at the mention of meat, and who was trembling with eagerness to devour it, replied in the negative; and a plateful of coarse broken victuals was set before him.
glistened - a brillé, reluire
devour - dévorer
plateful - assiette, assiettée, platée
coarse - grossier, brut, vulgaire
I wish some well-fed philosopher, whose meat and drink turn to gall within him; whose blood is ice, whose heart is iron; could have seen Oliver Twist clutching at the dainty viands that the dog had neglected. I wish he could have witnessed the horrible avidity with which Oliver tore the bits asunder with all the ferocity of famine.
gall - le fiel, fiel, bile
clutching - l'embrayage, se raccrocher (a)
tore - a la déchirure
asunder - de l'homme, de la femme et de l'enfant
ferocity - férocité, acharnement
famine - la famine, famine
There is only one thing I should like better; and that would be to see the Philosopher making the same sort of meal himself, with the same relish.
relish - relish, savourer, parfumer
"Well," said the undertaker's wife, when Oliver had finished his supper: which she had regarded in silent horror, and with fearful auguries of his future appetite: "have you done?"
fearful - effrayant, redoutable, peureux, craintif, terrible, affreux
auguries - augures, augure
There being nothing eatable within his reach, Oliver replied in the affirmative.
eatable - mangeable
affirmative - affirmatif, phrase affirmative
"Then come with me," said Mrs. Sowerberry: taking up a dim and dirty lamp, and leading the way upstairs; "your bed's under the counter. You don't mind sleeping among the coffins, I suppose? But it doesn't much matter whether you do or don't, for you can't sleep anywhere else. Come; don't keep me here all night!"
dim - dim, faible, vague
Oliver lingered no longer, but meekly followed his new mistress.
meekly - docilement, humblement
Mistress - madame, maîtresse, amante
CHAPTER V. OLIVER MINGLES WITH NEW ASSOCIATES. GOING TO A FUNERAL FOR THE FIRST TIME, HE FORMS AN UNFAVOURABLE NOTION OF HIS MASTER'S BUSINESS
mingles - se mele, mélanger
unfavourable - défavorable
Oliver, being left to himself in the undertaker's shop, set the lamp down on a workman's bench, and gazed timidly about him with a feeling of awe and dread, which many people a good deal older than he will be at no loss to understand.
workman - ouvrier
timidly - timidement
awe - la stupeur, crainte, révérence, admiration
dread - peur, redouter, craindre, crainte
An unfinished coffin on black tressels, which stood in the middle of the shop, looked so gloomy and death-like that a cold tremble came over him, every time his eyes wandered in the direction of the dismal object: from which he almost expected to see some frightful form slowly rear its head, to drive him mad with terror.
unfinished - inachevé
frightful - effrayante, effrayant
Against the wall were ranged, in regular array, a long row of elm boards cut in the same shape: looking in the dim light, like high-shouldered ghosts with their hands in their breeches pockets.
Row - rangée, tintamarre, canoter, ramer
elm - l'orme, orme
breeches - culotte, culasse
Coffin-plates, elm-chips, bright-headed nails, and shreds of black cloth, lay scattered on the floor; and the wall behind the counter was ornamented with a lively representation of two mutes in very stiff neckcloths, on duty at a large private door, with a hearse drawn by four black steeds, approaching in the distance. The shop was close and hot.
shreds - en lambeaux, lambeau
ornamented - orné, ornement, ornement musical
mutes - sourdines, muet
hearse - corbillard
steeds - steeds, coursier
The atmosphere seemed tainted with the smell of coffins. The recess beneath the counter in which his flock mattress was thrust, looked like a grave.
tainted - entaché, gâter, corrompre
recess - la suspension d'audience, reces, vacances, récréation, récré
Nor were these the only dismal feelings which depressed Oliver. He was alone in a strange place; and we all know how chilled and desolate the best of us will sometimes feel in such a situation. The boy had no friends to care for, or to care for him. The regret of no recent separation was fresh in his mind; the absence of no loved and well-remembered face sank heavily into his heart.
chilled - réfrigéré, froid
desolate - désolée, ravager, désoler
But his heart was heavy, notwithstanding; and he wished, as he crept into his narrow bed, that that were his coffin, and that he could be lain in a calm and lasting sleep in the churchyard ground, with the tall grass waving gently above his head, and the sound of the old deep bell to soothe him in his sleep.
soothe - apaiser, calmer, soulager
Oliver was awakened in the morning, by a loud kicking at the outside of the shop-door: which, before he could huddle on his clothes, was repeated, in an angry and impetuous manner, about twenty-five times. When he began to undo the chain, the legs desisted, and a voice began.
awakened - éveillé, réveiller, se réveiller
huddle - caucus, foule dense et désordonnée, se blottir
impetuous - impétueux
"Open the door, will yer?" cried the voice which belonged to the legs which had kicked at the door.
"I will, directly, sir," replied Oliver: undoing the chain, and turning the key.
undoing - défaisant, (undo) défaisant
"I suppose yer the new boy, ain't yer?" said the voice through the key-hole.
"Yes, sir," replied Oliver.
"How old are yer?" inquired the voice.
"Ten, sir," replied Oliver.
"Then I'll whop yer when I get in," said the voice; "you just see if I don't, that's all, my work'us brat!" and having made this obliging promise, the voice began to whistle.
whop - whop
brat - morveux, bambin, gamin
whistle - sifflet, siffler, sifflement, sifflements
Oliver had been too often subjected to the process to which the very expressive monosyllable just recorded bears reference, to entertain the smallest doubt that the owner of the voice, whoever he might be, would redeem his pledge, most honourably. He drew back the bolts with a trembling hand, and opened the door.
expressive - expressif
monosyllable - monosyllabe
redeem - racheter, libérer, secourir, soulager, liquider, réparer
honourably - honorablement
bolts - boulons, verrou
For a second or two, Oliver glanced up the street, and down the street, and over the way: impressed with the belief that the unknown, who had addressed him through the key-hole, had walked a few paces off, to warm himself; for nobody did he see but a big charity-boy, sitting on a post in front of the house, eating a slice of bread and butter: which he cut into wedges, the size of his mouth, with a clasp-knife, and then consumed with great dexterity.
wedges - des chaussures a semelles compensées, coin, cale
clasp-knife - (clasp-knife) couteau a fermoir
dexterity - dextérité
"I beg your pardon, sir," said Oliver at length: seeing that no other visitor made his appearance; "did you knock?"
"I kicked," replied the charity-boy.
"Did you want a coffin, sir?" inquired Oliver, innocently.
At this, the charity-boy looked monstrous fierce; and said that Oliver would want one before long, if he cut jokes with his superiors in that way.
monstrous - monstrueux
"Yer don't know who I am, I suppose, Work'us?" said the charity-boy, in continuation: descending from the top of the post, meanwhile, with edifying gravity.
continuation - suite, continuation
descending from - descendant de
edifying - édifiant, édifier
"No, sir," rejoined Oliver.
"I'm Mister Noah Claypole," said the charity-boy, "and you're under me. Take down the shutters, yer idle young ruffian!" With this, Mr. Claypole administered a kick to Oliver, and entered the shop with a dignified air, which did him great credit.
idle - au ralenti, fainéant
ruffian - ruffian, rufian, voyou, brute
It is difficult for a large-headed, small-eyed youth, of lumbering make and heavy countenance, to look dignified under any circumstances; but it is more especially so, when superadded to these personal attractions are a red nose and yellow smalls.
lumbering - bucheron, (lumber), bois de charpente
Oliver, having taken down the shutters, and broken a pane of glass in his effort to stagger away beneath the weight of the first one to a small court at the side of the house in which they were kept during the day, was graciously assisted by Noah: who having consoled him with the assurance that "he'd catch it," condescended to help him. Mr. Sowerberry came down soon after. Shortly afterwards, Mrs.
pane - panneau, vitre
stagger - tituber, (stag), cerf, bouf
graciously - gracieusement
consoled - consolé, consoler
condescended to - avec condescendance
Sowerberry appeared. Oliver having "caught it," in fulfilment of Noah's prediction, followed that young gentleman down the stairs to breakfast.
fulfilment - l'accomplissement, satisfaction
"Come near the fire, Noah," said Charlotte. "I saved a nice little bit of bacon for you from master's breakfast. Oliver, shut that door at Mister Noah's back, and take them bits that I've put out on the cover of the bread-pan. There's your tea; take it away to that box, and drink it there, and Make haste, for they'll want you to mind the shop. D'ye hear?"
bacon - bacon, lard, lardon
Make haste - Se hâter
ye - ou, lequel
"D'ye hear, Work'us?" said Noah Claypole.
"Lor, Noah!" said Charlotte, "what a rum creature you are! Why don't you let the boy alone?"
rum - le rhum, rhum
"Let him alone!" said Noah. "Why everybody lets him alone enough, for the matter of that. Neither his father nor his mother will ever interfere with him. All his relations let him have his own way pretty well. Eh, Charlotte? He! he! he!"
eh - eh
"Oh, you queer soul!" said Charlotte, bursting into a hearty laugh, in which she was joined by Noah; after which they both looked scornfully at poor Oliver Twist, as he sat shivering on the box in the coldest corner of the room, and ate the stale pieces which had been specially reserved for him.
queer - pédé, étrange, bizarre
hearty - cordial, copieux
shivering - des frissons, (shiver) des frissons
stale - périmé, rassis
specially - particulierement, spécialement
Noah was a charity-boy, but not a workhouse orphan. No chance-child was he, for he could trace his genealogy all the way back to his parents, who lived hard by; his mother being a washerwoman, and his father a drunken soldier, discharged with a wooden leg, and a diurnal pension of twopence-halfpenny and an unstateable fraction.
genealogy - la généalogie, généalogie
washerwoman - lavandiere, blanchisseuse, lavandiere, laveuse
drunken - ivre
diurnal - diurne, journalier, quotidien
pension - pension, retraite, (demi) pension, pensioner, pensionner
Twopence - deux pence
unstateable - impossible a établir
The shop-boys in the neighbourhood had long been in the habit of branding Noah in the public streets, with the ignominious epithets of "leathers," "charity," and the like; and Noah had bourne them without reply. But, now that fortune had cast in his way a nameless orphan, at whom even the meanest could point the finger of scorn, he retorted on him with interest.
ignominious - ignominieux
epithets - épithetes, épithete
bourne - bourne
nameless - sans nom, innomé
scorn - mépriser, dédaigner, mépris, dédain
retorted - a rétorqué, rétorquer
This affords charming food for contemplation. It shows us what a beautiful thing human nature may be made to be; and how impartially the same amiable qualities are developed in the finest lord and the dirtiest charity-boy.
contemplation - contemplation
impartially - de maniere impartiale
amiable - aimable, avenant, affable
Oliver had been sojourning at the undertaker's some three weeks or a month. Mr. and Mrs. Sowerberry"the shop being shut up"were taking their supper in the little back-parlour, when Mr. Sowerberry, after several deferential glances at his wife, said,
sojourning - séjour, (sojourn), séjourner
deferential - déférent
"My dear"" He was going to say more; but, Mrs. Sowerberry looking up, with a peculiarly unpropitious aspect, he stopped short.
peculiarly - de façon particuliere
unpropitious - peu propice
"Well," said Mrs. Sowerberry, sharply.
"Nothing, my dear, nothing," said Mr. Sowerberry.
"Ugh, you brute!" said Mrs. Sowerberry.
Ugh - ugh, beurk
brute - brute, bete, brutal
"Not at all, my dear," said Mr. Sowerberry humbly. "I thought you didn't want to hear, my dear. I was only going to say""
humbly - humblement
"Oh, don't tell me what you were going to say," interposed Mrs. Sowerberry. "I am nobody; don't consult me, pray. I don't want to intrude upon your secrets." As Mrs. Sowerberry said this, she gave an hysterical laugh, which threatened violent consequences.
intrude - s'immiscer, faire intrusion, etre importun
hysterical - hystérique
"But, my dear," said Sowerberry, "I want to ask your advice."
"No, no, Don't ask mine," replied Mrs. Sowerberry, in an affecting manner: "ask somebody else's." Here, there was another hysterical laugh, which frightened Mr. Sowerberry very much. This is a very common and much-approved matrimonial course of treatment, which is often very effective. It at once reduced Mr. Sowerberry to begging, as a special favour, to be allowed to say what Mrs.
Don't ask - Ne pas demander
matrimonial - matrimonial
Sowerberry was most curious to hear. After a short duration, the permission was most graciously conceded.
most curious - le plus curieux
"It's only about young Twist, my dear," said Mr. Sowerberry. "A very good-looking boy, that, my dear."
"He need be, for he eats enough," observed the lady.
"There's an expression of melancholy in his face, my dear," resumed Mr. Sowerberry, "which is very interesting. He would make a delightful mute, my love."
melancholy - mélancolie
delightful - délicieux
mute - muet
Mrs. Sowerberry looked up with an expression of considerable wonderment. Mr. Sowerberry remarked it and, without allowing time for any observation on the good lady's part, proceeded.
wonderment - l'émerveillement
"I don't mean a regular mute to attend grown-up people, my dear, but only for children's practice. It would be very new to have a mute in proportion, my dear. You may depend upon it, it would have a superb effect."
Mrs. Sowerberry, who had a good deal of taste in the undertaking way, was much struck by the novelty of this idea; but, as it would have been compromising her dignity to have said so, under existing circumstances, she merely inquired, with much sharpness, why such an obvious suggestion had not presented itself to her husband's mind before? Mr.
novelty - nouveauté
sharpness - la netteté, tranchant, fil, finesse, acuité, acidité, netteté
Sowerberry rightly construed this, as an acquiescence in his proposition; it was speedily determined, therefore, that Oliver should be at once initiated into the mysteries of the trade; and, with this view, that he should accompany his master on the very next occasion of his services being required.
rightly - a juste titre
construed - interprété, expliquer, comprendre
acquiescence - l'acquiescement, acquiescement, consentement, péremption
The occasion was not long in coming. Half an hour after breakfast next morning, Mr. Bumble entered the shop; and supporting his cane against the counter, drew forth his large leathern pocket-book: from which he selected a small scrap of paper, which he handed over to Sowerberry.
scrap - de la ferraille, ferraille, chiffon, mettre au rebut
"Aha!" said the undertaker, glancing over it with a lively countenance; "an order for a coffin, eh?"
"For a coffin first, and a porochial funeral afterwards," replied Mr. Bumble, fastening the strap of the leathern pocket-book: which, like himself, was very corpulent.
strap - sangle, courroie, laniere, bandouliere
corpulent - corpulent
"Bayton," said the undertaker, looking from the scrap of paper to Mr. Bumble. "I never heard the name before."
Bumble shook his head, as he replied, "Obstinate people, Mr. Sowerberry; very obstinate. Proud, too, I'm afraid, sir."
obstinate - obstiné
I'm afraid - J'ai peur
"Proud, eh?" exclaimed Mr. Sowerberry with a sneer. "Come, that's too much."
sneer - ricaner
"Oh, it's sickening," replied the beadle. "Antimonial, Mr. Sowerberry!"
sickening - écourant, a s’en rendre malade
Antimonial - antimoniale
"So it is," acquiesced the undertaker.
"We only heard of the family the night before last," said the beadle; "and we shouldn't have known anything about them, then, only a woman who lodges in the same house made an application to the porochial committee for them to send the porochial surgeon to see a woman as was very bad.
shouldn - devrait
lodges - les gîtes, cabane, maison du portier, loge, rench: -neededr
He had gone out to dinner; but his 'prentice (which is a very clever lad) sent 'em some medicine in a blacking-bottle, offhand."
offhand - a l'improviste, spontanément, sur-le-champ, négligent
"Ah, there's promptness," said the undertaker.
promptness - la rapidité, rapidité, checkpromptitude
"Promptness, indeed!" replied the beadle. "But what's the consequence; what's the ungrateful behaviour of these rebels, sir? Why, the husband sends back word that the medicine won't suit his wife's complaint, and so she shan't take it"says she shan't take it, sir!
ungrateful - ingrat
shan - Shan
Good, strong, wholesome medicine, as was given with great success to two Irish labourers and a coal-heaver, only a week before"sent 'em for nothing, with a blackin'-bottle in,"and he sends back word that she shan't take it, sir!"
wholesome - salubre, sain, vertueux
Irish - irlandais, gaélique irlandais, Irlandaise
heaver - heaver
blackin - blackin
As the atrocity presented itself to Mr. Bumble's mind in full force, he struck the counter sharply with his cane, and became flushed with indignation.
flushed - rincé, rougeur
"Well," said the undertaker, "I ne"ver"did""
ne - NE
"Never did, sir!" ejaculated the beadle. "No, nor nobody never did; but now she's dead, we've got to bury her; and that's the direction; and the sooner it's done, the better."
ejaculated - éjaculé, éjaculer, éjaculat
Thus saying, Mr. Bumble put on his cocked hat wrong side first, in a fever of parochial excitement; and flounced out of the shop.
flounced - a rebondi, volant
"Why, he was so angry, Oliver, that he forgot even to ask after you!" said Mr. Sowerberry, looking after the beadle as he strode down the street.
strode - strode, marcher a grands pas
"Yes, sir," replied Oliver, who had carefully kept himself out of sight, during the interview; and who was shaking from head to foot at the mere recollection of the sound of Mr. Bumble's voice. He needn't have taken the trouble to shrink from Mr.
Bumble's glance, however; for that functionary, on whom the prediction of the gentleman in the white waistcoat had made a very strong impression, thought that now the undertaker had got Oliver upon trial the subject was better avoided, until such time as he should be firmly bound for seven years, and all danger of his being returned upon the hands of the parish should be thus effectually and legally overcome.
functionary - fonctionnaire
legally - légalement
"Well," said Mr. Sowerberry, taking up his hat, "the sooner this job is done, the better. Noah, look after the shop. Oliver, put on your cap, and come with me." Oliver obeyed, and followed his master on his professional mission.
They walked on, for some time, through the most crowded and densely inhabited part of the town; and then, striking down a narrow street more dirty and miserable than any they had yet passed through, paused to look for the house which was the object of their search.
densely - densément
inhabited - habité, habiter
The houses on either side were high and large, but very old, and tenanted by people of the poorest class: as their neglected appearance would have sufficiently denoted, without the concurrent testimony afforded by the squalid looks of the few men and women who, with folded arms and bodies half doubled, occasionally skulked along.
denoted - dénoté, dénoter, indiquer, marquer, signifier
concurrent - concomitante, concomitant, simultané, contemporain, parallele
squalid - sordide
skulked - a fait du sur-place, se cacher
A great many of the tenements had shop-fronts; but these were fast closed, and mouldering away; only the upper rooms being inhabited.
tenements - tenements, appartement, logement
Some houses which had become insecure from age and decay, were prevented from falling into the street, by huge beams of wood reared against the walls, and firmly planted in the road; but even these crazy dens seemed to have been selected as the nightly haunts of some houseless wretches, for many of the rough boards which supplied the place of door and window, were wrenched from their positions, to afford an aperture wide enough for the passage of a human body. The kennel was stagnant and filthy. The very rats, which here and there lay putrefying in its rottenness, were hideous with famine.
insecure - peu sur de lui
decay - pourriture, décrépitude, déchéance, pourrir, se désintégrer
dens - dens, (den) dens
nightly - tous les soirs
houseless - sans logement
wrenched - arraché, arracher
aperture - ouverture
kennel - chenil, niche
filthy - dégoutant, crasseux
putrefying - putréfaction, (se) putréfier
hideous - hideux, strident, atroce, répugnant
There was neither knocker nor bell-handle at the open door where Oliver and his master stopped; so, groping his way cautiously through the dark passage, and bidding Oliver keep close to him and not be afraid the undertaker mounted to the top of the first flight of stairs. Stumbling against a door on the landing, he rapped at it with his knuckles.
knocker - knocker
groping - tripotage, tâter, tâtonner, tripoter, peloter
cautiously - avec prudence, précautionneusement
rapped - rappé, coup sec
knuckles - poings américains, articulation du doigt, articulation
It was opened by a young girl of thirteen or fourteen. The undertaker at once saw enough of what the room contained, to know it was the apartment to which he had been directed. He stepped in; Oliver followed him.
There was no fire in the room; but a man was crouching, mechanically, over the empty stove. An old woman, too, had drawn a low stool to the cold hearth, and was sitting beside him. There were some ragged children in another corner; and in a small recess, opposite the door, there lay upon the ground, something covered with an old blanket.
mechanically - mécaniquement
stove - poele, fourneau, cuisiniere, (stave), douve, fuseau
stool - tabouret
hearth - âtre, foyer, foyers
ragged - dépenaillé, loqueteuxse, (rag) dépenaillé
Oliver shuddered as he cast his eyes toward the place, and crept involuntarily closer to his master; for though it was covered up, the boy felt that it was a corpse.
toward - vers, envers, pour, pres de
involuntarily - involontairement
corpse - cadavre, corps, corps sans vie
The man's face was thin and very pale; his hair and beard were grizzly; his eyes were bloodshot. The old woman's face was wrinkled; her two remaining teeth protruded over her under lip; and her eyes were bright and piercing. Oliver was afraid to look at either her or the man. They seemed so like the rats he had seen outside.
beard - barbe
grizzly - grizzli, grisâtre
bloodshot - des yeux injectés de sang, injecté
wrinkled - ridé, ride
protruded - en saillie, dépasser, saillir
piercing - piercing, perçant, (pierce)
"Nobody shall go near her," said the man, starting fiercely up, as the undertaker approached the recess. "Keep back! damn you, keep back, if you've a life to lose!"
fiercely - férocement, âprement, farouchement
damn - Zut
"Nonsense, my good man," said the undertaker, who was pretty well used to misery in all its shapes. "Nonsense!"
"I tell you," said the man: clenching his hands, and stamping furiously on the floor,""I tell you I won't have her put into the ground. She couldn't rest there. The worms would worry her"not eat her"she is so worn away."
clenching - la crispation, serrer, prise (en main) ferme, poigne ferme
furiously - furieusement
The undertaker offered no reply to this raving; but producing a tape from his pocket, knelt down for a moment by the side of the body.
raving - divagations
knelt - a genoux, agenouiller
"Ah!" said the man: bursting into tears, and sinking on his knees at the feet of the dead woman; "kneel down, kneel down"kneel round her, every one of you, and mark my words! I say she was starved to death. I never knew how bad she was, till the fever came upon her; and then her bones were starting through the skin. There was neither fire nor candle; she died in the dark"in the dark!
kneel - s'agenouiller
She couldn't even see her children's faces, though we heard her gasping out their names. I begged for her in the streets: and they sent me to prison. When I came back, she was dying; and all the blood in my heart has dried up, for they starved her to death. I swear it before the God that saw it! They starved her!
" He twined his hands in his hair; and, with a loud scream, rolled grovelling upon the floor: his eyes fixed, and the foam covering his lips.
foam - écume, mousse, écumer, mousser
The terrified children cried bitterly; but the old woman, who had hitherto remained as quiet as if she had been wholly deaf to all that passed, menaced them into silence. Having unloosened the cravat of the man who still remained extended on the ground, she tottered towards the undertaker.
deaf - sourd, les sourds
menaced - menacé, menace
cravat - cravate, foulard
tottered - chancelante, tituber, chute, écroulement
"She was my daughter," said the old woman, nodding her head in the direction of the corpse; and speaking with an idiotic leer, more ghastly than even the presence of death in such a place. "Lord, Lord! Well, it is strange that I who gave birth to her, and was a woman then, should be alive and merry now, and she lying there: so cold and stiff! Lord, Lord!
idiotic - idiote, idiot, stupide, idiotique
ghastly - épouvantable, effrayant, affreux, horrible
merry - joyeux, gai, heureuse, jovial
"to think of it; it's as good as a play"as good as a play!"
as good as a play - aussi bien qu'une piece de théâtre
As the wretched creature mumbled and chuckled in her hideous merriment, the undertaker turned to go away.
mumbled - marmonné, marmonner
chuckled - ricané, glousser
merriment - la gaieté, gaieté
"Stop, stop!" said the old woman in a loud whisper. "Will she be buried to-morrow, or next day, or to-night? I laid her out; and I must walk, you know. Send me a large cloak: a good warm one: for it is bitter cold. We should have cake and wine, too, before we go! Never mind; send some bread"only a loaf of bread and a cup of water. Shall we have some bread, dear?
cloak - cape, pelisse, pelerine
loaf - pain, miche
" she said eagerly: catching at the undertaker's coat, as he once more moved towards the door.
eagerly - avec empressement, avidement
"Yes, yes," said the undertaker, "of course. Anything you like!" He disengaged himself from the old woman's grasp; and, drawing Oliver after him, hurried away.
disengaged - désengagé, désengager
The next day, (the family having been meanwhile relieved with a half-quartern loaf and a piece of cheese, left with them by Mr. Bumble himself,) Oliver and his master returned to the miserable abode; where Mr. Bumble had already arrived, accompanied by four men from the workhouse, who were to act as bearers.
quartern - quartern
abode - domicile, demeure, (abide), endurer, tolérer
bearers - porteurs, porteur, porteuse
An old black cloak had been thrown over the rags of the old woman and the man; and the bare coffin having been screwed down, was hoisted on the shoulders of the bearers, and carried into the street.
thrown over - jeté
rags - chiffons, chiffon
screwed down - vissé
hoisted - hissé, hisser
"Now, you must put your best leg foremost, old lady!" whispered Sowerberry in the old woman's ear; "we are rather late; and it won't do, to keep the clergyman waiting. Move on, my men,"as quick as you like!"
foremost - avant tout
clergyman - ecclésiastique, pretre, clerc
Thus directed, the bearers trotted on under their light burden; and the two mourners kept as near them, as they could. Mr. Bumble and Sowerberry walked at a good smart pace in front; and Oliver, whose legs were not so long as his master's, ran by the side.
There was not so great a necessity for hurrying as Mr. Sowerberry had anticipated, however; for when they reached the obscure corner of the churchyard in which the nettles grew, and where the parish graves were made, the clergyman had not arrived; and the clerk, who was sitting by the vestry-room fire, seemed to think it by no means improbable that it might be an hour or so, before he came.
obscure - obscure, obscur, sibyllin, obscurcir
nettles - des orties, ortie, piquer, irriter, vexer
vestry - la sacristie, sacristie
improbable - invraisemblable, improbable
So, they put the bier on the brink of the grave; and the two mourners waited patiently in the damp clay, with a cold rain drizzling down, while the ragged boys whom the spectacle had attracted into the churchyard played a noisy game at hide-and-seek among the tombstones, or varied their amusements by jumping backwards and forwards over the coffin. Mr.
brink - au bord du gouffre, bord, lisiere
patiently - patiemment
clay - l'argile, argile, terre battue
drizzling - des gouttes d'eau, bruiner, pleuvioter, grainasser, mouiller
tombstones - pierres tombales, pierre tombale
amusements - divertissements, amusement
Sowerberry and Bumble, being personal friends of the clerk, sat by the fire with him, and read the paper.
At length, after a lapse of something more than an hour, Mr. Bumble, and Sowerberry, and the clerk, were seen running towards the grave. Immediately afterwards, the clergyman appeared: putting on his surplice as he came along. Mr.
lapse - laps de temps, erreur, faute
surplice - le surplis, surplis
Bumble then thrashed a boy or two, to keep up appearances; and the reverend gentleman, having read as much of the burial service as could be compressed into four minutes, gave his surplice to the clerk, and walked away again.
thrashed - battu, passer a tabac, rosser
Reverend - révérend
compressed - comprimée, comprimer, condenser
"Now, Bill!" said Sowerberry to the grave-digger. "Fill up!"
It was no very difficult task, for the grave was so full, that the uppermost coffin was within a few feet of the surface. The grave-digger shovelled in the earth; stamped it loosely down with his feet: shouldered his spade; and walked off, followed by the boys, who murmured very loud complaints at the fun being over so soon.
shovelled - pelleté, pelle, beche, peller
spade - beche, creuser, palette
murmured - murmuré, murmure, rumeur, souffle, murmurer
"Come, my good fellow!" said Bumble, tapping the man on the back. "They want to shut up the yard."
The man who had never once moved, since he had taken his station by the grave side, started, raised his head, stared at the person who had addressed him, walked forward for a few paces; and fell down in a swoon.
swoon - se pâmer, s'évanouir
The crazy old woman was too much occupied in bewailing the loss of her cloak (which the undertaker had taken off), to pay him any attention; so they threw a can of cold water over him; and when he came to, saw him safely out of the churchyard, locked the gate, and departed on their different ways.
bewailing - se lamenter, (bewail), pleurer, déplorer
safely - prudemment, en toute sécurité
"Well, Oliver," said Sowerberry, as they walked home, "how do you like it?"
"Pretty well, thank you, sir" replied Oliver, with considerable hesitation. "Not very much, sir."
hesitation - hésitation
"Ah, you'll get used to it in time, Oliver," said Sowerberry. "Nothing when you are used to it, my boy."
Oliver wondered, in his own mind, whether it had taken a very long time to get Mr. Sowerberry used to it. But he thought it better not to ask the question; and walked back to the shop: thinking over all he had seen and heard.
CHAPTER VI. OLIVER, BEING GOADED BY THE TAUNTS OF NOAH, ROUSES INTO ACTION, AND RATHER ASTONISHES HIM
goaded - poussé, aiguillon, aiguillonner, provoquer
taunts - des railleries, accabler de sarcasmes
rouses - rouses, réveiller
astonishes - étonne, étonner, surprendre
The month's trial over, Oliver was formally apprenticed. It was a nice sickly season just at this time. In commercial phrase, coffins were looking up; and, in the course of a few weeks, Oliver acquired a great deal of experience. The success of Mr. Sowerberry's ingenious speculation, exceeded even his most sanguine hopes.
formally - officiellement, formellement
sickly - malade, maladif, souffreteux, chétif, valétudinaire, douçâtre
The oldest inhabitants recollected no period at which measles had been so prevalent, or so fatal to infant existence; and many were the mournful processions which little Oliver headed, in a hat-band reaching down to his knees, to the indescribable admiration and emotion of all the mothers in the town.
recollected - rappelée, se souvenir de
prevalent - répandu, prévalent
mournful - triste, affligé, éploré, mélancolique, lugubre
processions - processions, procession, cortege, kyrielle
indescribable - indescriptible
admiration - l'admiration, admiration
As Oliver accompanied his master in most of his adult expeditions too, in order that he might acquire that equanimity of demeanour and full command of nerve which was essential to a finished undertaker, he had many opportunities of observing the beautiful resignation and fortitude with which some strong-minded people bear their trials and losses.
equanimity - l'équanimité, équanimité
demeanour - comportement
fortitude - la force d'âme, fortitude
For instance; when Sowerberry had an order for the burial of some rich old lady or gentleman, who was surrounded by a great number of nephews and nieces, who had been perfectly inconsolable during the previous illness, and whose grief had been wholly irrepressible even on the most public occasions, they would be as happy among themselves as need be"quite cheerful and contented"conversing together with as much freedom and gaiety, as if nothing whatever had happened to disturb them. Husbands, too, bore the loss of their wives with the most heroic calmness. Wives, again, put on weeds for their husbands, as if, so far from grieving in the garb of sorrow, they had made up their minds to render it as becoming and attractive as possible. It was observable, too, that ladies and gentlemen who were in passions of anguish during the ceremony of interment, recovered almost as soon as they reached home, and became quite composed before the tea-drinking was over. All this was very pleasant and improving to see; and Oliver beheld it with great admiration.
nephews - neveux, neveu
nieces - nieces, niece
inconsolable - inconsolable
irrepressible - irrépressible
conversing - en train de converser, converser
most heroic - le plus héroique
calmness - le calme, calme
grieving - le deuil, avoir du chagrin
garb - vetements
observable - observable
anguish - l'angoisse, angoissons, angoissez, angoisser, angoissent
beheld - a été observée, regarder, voir, observer, voici, voila
That Oliver Twist was moved to resignation by the example of these good people, I cannot, although I am his biographer, undertake to affirm with any degree of confidence; but I can most distinctly say, that for many months he continued meekly to submit to the domination and ill-treatment of Noah Claypole: who used him far worse than before, now that his jealousy was roused by seeing the new boy promoted to the black stick and hatband, while he, the old one, remained stationary in the muffin-cap and leathers. Charlotte treated him ill, because Noah did; and Mrs. Sowerberry was his decided enemy, because Mr. Sowerberry was disposed to be his friend; so, between these three on one side, and a glut of funerals on the other, Oliver was not altogether as comfortable as the hungry pig was, when he was shut up, by mistake, in the grain department of a brewery.
biographer - biographe
domination - domination
jealousy - jalousie, envie
hatband - bandeau, tour de chapeau
stationary - stationnaire
muffin - muffin
brewery - brasserie
And now, I come to a very important passage in Oliver's history; for I have to record an act, slight and unimportant perhaps in appearance, but which indirectly produced a material change in all his future prospects and proceedings.
indirectly - indirectement
One day, Oliver and Noah had descended into the kitchen at the usual dinner-hour, to banquet upon a small joint of mutton"a pound and a half of the worst end of the neck"when Charlotte being called out of the way, there ensued a brief interval of time, which Noah Claypole, being hungry and vicious, considered he could not possibly devote to a worthier purpose than aggravating and tantalising young Oliver Twist.
banquet - banquet, festin
mutton - du mouton, mouton
tantalising - alléchant, (tantalise) alléchant
Intent upon this innocent amusement, Noah put his feet on the table-cloth; and pulled Oliver's hair; and twitched his ears; and expressed his opinion that he was a "sneak"; and furthermore announced his intention of coming to see him hanged, whenever that desirable event should take place; and entered upon various topics of petty annoyance, like a malicious and ill-conditioned charity-boy as he was. But, making Oliver cry, Noah attempted to be more facetious still; and in his attempt, did what many sometimes do to this day, when they want to be funny. He got rather personal.
amusement - l'amusement, amusement
table-cloth - (table-cloth) une nappe
twitched - a tressailli, donner, avoir un mouvement convulsif
sneak - sournois, resquilleur, faucher, piquer, resquiller, cacher
hanged - pendu
petty - petit, insignifiant, mesquin
annoyance - l'agacement, ennui, nuisance, irritation, checkagacement
malicious - malveillante
facetious - facétieux
"Work'us," said Noah, "how's your mother?"
"She's dead," replied Oliver; "don't you say anything about her to me!"
Oliver's colour rose as he said this; he breathed quickly; and there was a curious working of the mouth and nostrils, which Mr. Claypole thought must be the immediate precursor of a violent fit of crying. Under this impression he returned to the charge.
nostrils - narines, narine, qualifier
precursor - précurseur, précurseuse, réactif
"What did she die of, Work'us?" said Noah.
"Of a broken heart, some of our old nurses told me," replied Oliver: more as if he were talking to himself, than answering Noah. "I think I know what it must be to die of that!"
"Tol de rol lol lol, right fol lairy, Work'us," said Noah, as a tear rolled down Oliver's cheek. "What's set you a snivelling now?"
lairy - lairy
snivelling - pleurnicher, (snivel), chialer colloquial, morve
"Not you," replied Oliver, sharply. "There; that's enough. Don't say anything more to me about her; you'd better not!"
"Better not!" exclaimed Noah. "Well! Better not! Work'us, don't be impudent. Your mother, too! She was a nice 'un she was. Oh, Lor!" And here, Noah nodded his head expressively; and curled up as much of his small red nose as muscular action could collect together, for the occasion.
impudent - impudent
un - un, ONU
expressively - de maniere expressive
curled - frisé, boucle, rotationnel, boucler
muscular - musculaire, musclé, musculeux
"Yer know, Work'us," continued Noah, emboldened by Oliver's silence, and speaking in a jeering tone of affected pity: of all tones the most annoying: "Yer know, Work'us, It can't be helped now; and of course yer couldn't help it then; and I am very sorry for it; and I'm sure we all are, and pity yer very much. But yer must know, Work'us, yer mother was a regular right-down bad 'un."
emboldened - enhardi, encourager, enhardir
jeering - des railleries, (jeer) des railleries
It can't be helped - On ne peut rien y faire
"What did you say?" inquired Oliver, looking up very quickly.
"A regular right-down bad 'un, Work'us," replied Noah, coolly. "And it's a great deal better, Work'us, that she died when she did, or else she'd have been hard labouring in Bridewell, or transported, or hung; which is more likely than either, isn't it?"
coolly - froidement
Bridewell - bridewell
Crimson with fury, Oliver started up; overthrew the chair and table; seized Noah by the throat; shook him, in the violence of his rage, till his teeth chattered in his head; and collecting his whole force into one heavy blow, felled him to the ground.
crimson - cramoisi, carmin, pourpre
overthrew - renversé, renverser
chattered - bavardé, jacasser, bavarder
A minute ago, the boy had looked the quiet child, mild, dejected creature that harsh treatment had made him. But his spirit was roused at last; the cruel insult to his dead mother had set his blood on fire.
His breast heaved; his attitude was erect; his eye bright and vivid; his whole person changed, as he stood glaring over the cowardly tormentor who now lay crouching at his feet; and defied him with an energy he had never known before.
heaved - heaved, hisser
vivid - vivante, vivide
glaring - éblouissant, éclat
cowardly - lâche, veule, bas, lâchement
tormentor - bourreau
"He'll murder me!" blubbered Noah. "Charlotte! missis! Here's the new boy a murdering of me! Help! help! Oliver's gone mad! Char"lotte!"
blubbered - blubbered, lard, lard de mammifere marin, chialer
lotte - lotte
missis - missis
char - char, carboniser
Noah's shouts were responded to, by a loud scream from Charlotte, and a louder from Mrs. Sowerberry; the former of whom rushed into the kitchen by a side-door, while the latter paused on the staircase till she was quite certain that it was consistent with the preservation of human life, to come further down.
staircase - escalier
"Oh, you little wretch!" screamed Charlotte: seizing Oliver with her utmost force, which was about equal to that of a moderately strong man in particularly good training. "Oh, you little un-grate-ful, mur-de-rous, hor-rid villain!" And between every syllable, Charlotte gave Oliver a blow with all her might: accompanying it with a scream, for the benefit of society.
wretch - malheureux, malheureux/-euse
utmost - le plus important, extreme, plus grand, supreme, maximum
moderately - modérément
grate - grilles, grille, crisser, grincer, râper
rous - rous
villain - scélérat, méchant, vilain, paysan
syllable - syllabe
Charlotte's fist was by no means a light one; but, lest it should not be effectual in calming Oliver's wrath, Mrs. Sowerberry plunged into the kitchen, and assisted to hold him with one hand, while she scratched his face with the other. In this favourable position of affairs, Noah rose from the ground, and pommelled him behind.
effectual - efficace
pommelled - pommelé, pommeau
This was rather too violent exercise to last long. When they were all wearied out, and could tear and beat no longer, they dragged Oliver, struggling and shouting, but nothing daunted, into the dust-cellar, and there locked him up. This being done, Mrs. Sowerberry sunk into a chair, and burst into tears.
wearied - fatigué, las, lasser
nothing daunted - rien d'intimidant
"Bless her, she's going off!" said Charlotte. "A glass of water, Noah, dear. Make haste!"
haste - hâte
"Oh! Charlotte," said Mrs. Sowerberry: speaking as well as she could, through a deficiency of breath, and a sufficiency of cold water, which Noah had poured over her head and shoulders. "Oh! Charlotte, what a mercy we have not all been murdered in our beds!"
sufficiency - suffisance
"Ah! mercy indeed, ma'am," was the reply. "I only hope this'll teach master not to have any more of these dreadful creatures, that are born to be murderers and robbers from their very cradle. Poor Noah! He was all but killed, ma'am, when I come in."
murderers - meurtriers, meurtrier, meurtriere, assassin, assassine
robbers - des voleurs, brigand, bandit
cradle - berceau, bers, bercer
"Poor fellow!" said Mrs. Sowerberry: looking piteously on the charity-boy.
Noah, whose top waistcoat-button might have been somewhere on a level with the crown of Oliver's head, rubbed his eyes with the inside of his wrists while this commiseration was bestowed upon him, and performed some affecting tears and sniffs.
commiseration - la commisération, commisération
sniffs - renifle, renifler, sniffer
"What's to be done!" exclaimed Mrs. Sowerberry. "Your master's not at home; there's not a man in the house, and he'll kick that door down in ten minutes." Oliver's vigorous plunges against the bit of timber in question, rendered this occurance highly probable.
occurance - l'occurrence
"Dear, dear! I don't know, ma'am," said Charlotte, "unless we send for the police-officers."
"Or the millingtary," suggested Mr. Claypole.
"No, no," said Mrs. Sowerberry: bethinking herself of Oliver's old friend. "Run to Mr. Bumble, Noah, and tell him to come here directly, and not to lose a minute; never mind your cap! Make haste! You can hold a knife to that black eye, as you run along. It'll keep the swelling down."
swelling - gonflement, (swell)
Noah stopped to make no reply, but started off at his fullest speed; and very much it astonished the people who were out walking, to see a charity-boy tearing through the streets pell-mell, with no cap on his head, and a clasp-knife at his eye.
astonished - étonné, étonner, surprendre
mell - mell
clasp - fermoir, serrer
Noah Claypole ran along the streets at his swiftest pace, and paused not once for breath, until he reached the workhouse-gate.
swiftest - le plus rapide, rapide, martinet, dévidoir
Having rested here, for a minute or so, to collect a good burst of sobs and an imposing show of tears and terror, he knocked loudly at the wicket; and presented such a rueful face to the aged pauper who opened it, that even he, who saw nothing but rueful faces about him at the best of times, started back in astonishment.
sobs - sanglots, fdp-p
"Why, what's the matter with the boy!" said the old pauper.
"Mr. Bumble! Mr. Bumble!" cried Noah, with well-affected dismay: and in tones so loud and agitated, that they not only caught the ear of Mr.
dismay - affliger, mortifier, avoir peur, désarroi, consternation
Bumble himself, who happened to be hard by, but alarmed him so much that he rushed into the yard without his cocked hat,"which is a very curious and remarkable circumstance: as showing that even a beadle, acted upon a sudden and powerful impulse, may be afflicted with a momentary visitation of loss of self-possession, and forgetfulness of personal dignity.
impulse - impulsion
momentary - momentanée
visitation - les visites, droit de visite
"Oh, Mr. Bumble, sir!" said Noah: "Oliver, sir,"Oliver has""
"What? What?" interposed Mr. Bumble: with a gleam of pleasure in his metallic eyes. "Not run away; he hasn't run away, has he, Noah?"
gleam - briller, luisent, luisez, brillant, luisons
metallic - métallique, métalisé
"No, sir, no. Not run away, sir, but he's turned wicious," replied Noah. "He tried to murder me, sir; and then he tried to murder Charlotte; and then missis. Oh! what dreadful pain it is! Such agony, please, sir!" And here, Noah writhed and twisted his body into an extensive variety of eel-like positions; thereby giving Mr.
wicious - wicious
writhed - s'est tordu, se débattre, se démener, se tortiller
eel - anguille
Bumble to understand that, from the violent and sanguinary onset of Oliver Twist, he had sustained severe internal injury and damage, from which he was at that moment suffering the acutest torture.
sanguinary - sanguinaire
onset - l'état d'esprit, assaut, attaque, rench: t-needed r
When Noah saw that the intelligence he communicated perfectly paralysed Mr.
Bumble, he imparted additional effect thereunto, by bewailing his dreadful wounds ten times louder than before; and when he observed a gentleman in a white waistcoat crossing the yard, he was more tragic in his lamentations than ever: rightly conceiving it highly expedient to attract the notice, and rouse the indignation, of the gentleman aforesaid.
imparted - transmis, donner, communiquer, transmettre
thereunto - a cet effet
more tragic - plus tragique
lamentations - lamentations, gémissement, fr
rouse - rouse, ameutez, ameutent, évocation, irriter, ameutons
aforesaid - précité
The gentleman's notice was very soon attracted; for he had not walked three paces, when he turned angrily round, and inquired what that young cur was howling for, and why Mr. Bumble did not favour him with something which would render the series of vocular exclamations so designated, an involuntary process?
cur - cur, clébard, corniaud, roquet, clebs, chien
howling - hurler, (howl), hurlement
exclamations - exclamations, exclamation
involuntary - involontaire
"It's a poor boy from the free-school, sir," replied Mr. Bumble, "who has been nearly murdered"all but murdered, sir,"by young Twist."
"By Jove!" exclaimed the gentleman in the white waistcoat, stopping short. "I knew it! I felt a strange presentiment from the very first, that that audacious young savage would come to be hung!"
Jove - jove, Jupin
presentiment - pressentiment
audacious - audacieux
savage - barbare, féroce, sauvage
"He has likewise attempted, sir, to murder the female servant," said Mr. Bumble, with a face of ashy paleness.
paleness - pâleur
"And his missis," interposed Mr. Claypole.
"And his master, too, I think you said, Noah?" added Mr. Bumble.
"No! he's out, or he would have murdered him," replied Noah. "He said he wanted to."
"Ah! Said he wanted to, did he, my boy?" inquired the gentleman in the white waistcoat.
"Yes, sir," replied Noah. "And please, sir, missis wants to know whether Mr. Bumble can spare time to step up there, directly, and flog him"'cause master's out."
"Certainly, my boy; certainly," said the gentleman in the white waistcoat: smiling benignly, and patting Noah's head, which was about three inches higher than his own. "You're a good boy"a very good boy. Here's a penny for you. Bumble, just step up to Sowerberry's with your cane, and see what's best to be done. Don't spare him, Bumble."
benignly - avec bienveillance
patting - la caresse, petite tape
"No, I will not, sir," replied the beadle. And the cocked hat and cane having been, by this time, adjusted to their owner's satisfaction, Mr. Bumble and Noah Claypole betook themselves with all speed to the undertaker's shop.
Here the position of affairs had not at all improved. Sowerberry had not yet returned, and Oliver continued to kick, with undiminished vigour, at the cellar-door. The accounts of his ferocity as related by Mrs. Sowerberry and Charlotte, were of so startling a nature, that Mr. Bumble judged it prudent to parley, before opening the door.
undiminished - sans diminution
vigour - force, vigueur, énergie
parley - parley, pourparlers
With this view he gave a kick at the outside, by way of prelude; and, then, applying his mouth to the keyhole, said, in a deep and impressive tone:
Prelude - prélude
keyhole - trou de serrure, trou de la serrure
"Come; you let me out!" replied Oliver, from the inside.
"Do you know this here voice, Oliver?" said Mr. Bumble.
"Yes," replied Oliver.
"Ain't you afraid of it, sir? Ain't you a-trembling while I speak, sir?" said Mr. Bumble.
"No!" replied Oliver, boldly.
boldly - hardiment
An answer so different from the one he had expected to elicit, and was in the habit of receiving, staggered Mr. Bumble not a little. He stepped back from the keyhole; drew himself up to his full height; and looked from one to another of the three bystanders, in mute astonishment.
elicit - éliciter, susciter, causer, réaliser, obtenir, raisonner
staggered - en décalé, tituber
bystanders - des passants, passant, badaud
"Oh, you know, Mr. Bumble, he must be mad," said Mrs. Sowerberry.
"No boy in half his senses could venture to speak so to you."
"It's not Madness, ma'am," replied Mr. Bumble, after a few moments of deep meditation. "It's Meat."
madness - la folie, folie
"What?" exclaimed Mrs. Sowerberry.
"Meat, ma'am, meat," replied Bumble, with stern emphasis. "You've over-fed him, ma'am. You've raised a artificial soul and spirit in him, ma'am unbecoming a person of his condition: as the board, Mrs. Sowerberry, who are practical philosophers, will tell you. What have paupers to do with soul or spirit? It's quite enough that we let 'em have live bodies.
stern - sévere, poupe
unbecoming - inconvenante
If you had kept the boy on gruel, ma'am, this would never have happened."
"Dear, dear!" ejaculated Mrs. Sowerberry, piously raising her eyes to the kitchen ceiling: "this comes of being liberal!"
piously - pieusement
The liberality of Mrs. Sowerberry to Oliver, had consisted of a profuse bestowal upon him of all the dirty odds and ends which nobody else would eat; so there was a great deal of meekness and self-devotion in her voluntarily remaining under Mr. Bumble's heavy accusation. Of which, to do her justice, she was wholly innocent, in thought, word, or deed.
liberality - générosité
bestowal - l'effusion
meekness - la douceur
devotion - la dévotion, dévouement, dévotion
voluntarily - volontairement
"Ah!" said Mr. Bumble, when the lady brought her eyes down to earth again; "the only thing that can be done now, that I know of, is to leave him in the cellar for a day or so, till he's a little starved down; and then to take him out, and keep him on gruel all through the apprenticeship. He comes of a bad family. Excitable natures, Mrs. Sowerberry!
apprenticeship - l'apprentissage, apprentissage
excitable - excitable
Both the nurse and doctor said, that that mother of his made her way here, against difficulties and pain that would have killed any well-disposed woman, weeks before."
At this point of Mr. Bumble's discourse, Oliver, just hearing enough to know that some allusion was being made to his mother, recommenced kicking, with a violence that rendered every other sound inaudible. Sowerberry returned at this juncture.
allusion - allusion
recommenced - repris, recommencer
inaudible - inaudible
juncture - la conjoncture, jonction, joncture
Oliver's offence having been explained to him, with such exaggerations as the ladies thought best calculated to rouse his ire, he unlocked the cellar-door in a twinkling, and dragged his rebellious apprentice out, by the collar.
exaggerations - des exagérations, exagération
ire - ire
unlocked - déverrouillé, déverrouiller, débloquer
twinkling - scintillant, (twinkle), briller, cligner, virevolter
rebellious - rebelle
collar - col, collier
Oliver's clothes had been torn in the beating he had received; his face was bruised and scratched; and his hair scattered over his forehead. The angry flush had not disappeared, however; and when he was pulled out of his prison, he scowled boldly on Noah, and looked quite undismayed.
flush - la chasse d'eau, vidanger, rougeur
scowled - s'est renfrogné, froncer les sourcils
undismayed - sans se décourager
"Now, you are a nice young fellow, ain't you?" said Sowerberry; giving Oliver a shake, and a box on the ear.
"He called my mother names," replied Oliver.
"Well, and what if he did, you little ungrateful wretch?" said Mrs. Sowerberry. "She deserved what he said, and worse."
"She didn't" said Oliver.
"She did," said Mrs. Sowerberry.
"It's a lie!" said Oliver.
Mrs. Sowerberry burst into a flood of tears.
This flood of tears left Mr. Sowerberry no alternative.
If he had hesitated for one instant to punish Oliver most severely, it must be quite clear to every experienced reader that he would have been, according to all precedents in disputes of matrimony established, a brute, an unnatural husband, an insulting creature, a base imitation of a man, and various other agreeable characters too numerous for recital within the limits of this chapter.
matrimony - le mariage, mariage
unnatural - contre nature
agreeable - agréable, complaisant
recital - récital, considérant
To do him justice, he was, as far as his power went"it was not very extensive"kindly disposed towards the boy; perhaps, because it was his interest to be so; perhaps, because his wife disliked him. The flood of tears, however, left him no resource; so he at once gave him a drubbing, which satisfied even Mrs. Sowerberry herself, and rendered Mr.
drubbing - l'humiliation, raclée
Bumble's subsequent application of the parochial cane, rather unnecessary. For the rest of the day, he was shut up in the back kitchen, in company with a pump and a slice of bread; and at night, Mrs.
Sowerberry, after making various remarks outside the door, by no means complimentary to the memory of his mother, looked into the room, and, amidst the jeers and pointings of Noah and Charlotte, ordered him upstairs to his dismal bed.
complimentary - complémentaire
amidst - au milieu
jeers - des railleries, huer
It was not until he was left alone in the silence and stillness of the gloomy workshop of the undertaker, that Oliver gave way to the feelings which the day's treatment may be supposed likely to have awakened in a mere child.
stillness - l'immobilité, calme, immobilité
He had listened to their taunts with a look of contempt; he had borne the lash without a cry: for he felt that pride swelling in his heart which would have kept down a shriek to the last, though they had roasted him alive.
lash - cils, amarrons, amarrez, amarrent, fustiger
shriek - cri, hurlement, crier
Roasted - rôti, rôtir, incendier, bien-cuit
But now, when there were none to see or hear him, he fell upon his knees on the floor; and, hiding his face in his hands, wept such tears as, God send for the credit of our nature, few so young may ever have cause to pour out before him!
For a long time, Oliver remained motionless in this attitude. The candle was burning low in the socket when he rose to his feet. Having gazed cautiously round him, and listened intently, he gently undid the fastenings of the door, and looked abroad.
motionless - immobile
socket - la prise, prise, douille, orbite (for the eye), cavité
intently - attentivement
undid - défait, défaire
It was a cold, dark night. The stars seemed, to the boy's eyes, farther from the earth than he had ever seen them before; there was no wind; and the sombre shadows thrown by the trees upon the ground, looked sepulchral and death-like, from being so still. He softly reclosed the door.
wind - vent, emmailloter, détortiller, langer, enrouler
sombre - sombre
softly - en douceur, doucement
Having availed himself of the expiring light of the candle to tie up in a handkerchief the few articles of wearing apparel he had, sat himself down upon a bench, to wait for morning.
availed - disponible, profiter, saisir, servir
apparel - vetements, veture
With the first ray of light that struggled through the crevices in the shutters, Oliver arose, and again unbarred the door. One timid look around"one moment's pause of hesitation"he had closed it behind him, and was in the open street.
crevices - crevasses, fissure
unbarred - non barré, débarrer
timid - timide, craintif
He looked to the right and to the left, uncertain whither to fly.
uncertain - incertaine
whither - ou
He remembered to have seen the waggons, as they went out, toiling up the hill. He took the same route; and arriving at a footpath across the fields: which he knew, after some distance, led out again into the road; struck into it, and walked quickly on.
toiling - au travail, lancinant, (toil), travailler
footpath - sentier, trottoir
Along this same footpath, Oliver well-remembered he had trotted beside Mr. Bumble, when he first carried him to the workhouse from the farm. His way lay directly in front of the cottage. His heart beat quickly when he bethought himself of this; and he half resolved to turn back. He had come a long way though, and should lose a great deal of time by doing so.
Besides, it was so early that there was very little fear of his being seen; so he walked on.
He reached the house. There was no appearance of its inmates stirring at that early hour. Oliver stopped, and peeped into the garden. A child was weeding one of the little beds; as he stopped, he raised his pale face and disclosed the features of one of his former companions. Oliver felt glad to see him, before he went; for, though younger than himself, he had been his little friend and playmate.
peeped - épié, regarder qqch a la dérobée
playmate - compagnon de jeu, compagnon de jeux, playmate
They had been beaten, and starved, and shut up together, many and many a time.
"Hush, Dick!" said Oliver, as the boy ran to the gate, and thrust his thin arm between the rails to greet him. "Is any one up?"
"Nobody but me," replied the child.
"You musn't say you saw me, Dick," said Oliver. "I am running away. They beat and ill-use me, Dick; and I am going to seek my fortune, some long way off. I don't know where. How pale you are!"
"I heard the doctor tell them I was dying," replied the child with a faint smile. "I am very glad to see you, dear; but don't stop, don't stop!"
"Yes, yes, I will, to say good-b'ye to you," replied Oliver. "I shall see you again, Dick. I know I shall! You will be well and happy!"
"I hope so," replied the child. "After I am dead, but not before. I know the doctor must be right, Oliver, because I dream so much of Heaven, and Angels, and kind faces that I never see when I am awake. Kiss me," said the child, climbing up the low gate, and flinging his little arms round Oliver's neck. "Good-b'ye, dear! God bless you!"
awake - éveillé, (se) réveiller, (s')éveiller
flinging - flingage, lancer
The blessing was from a young child's lips, but it was the first that Oliver had ever heard invoked upon his head; and through the struggles and sufferings, and troubles and changes, of his after life, he never once forgot it.
sufferings - souffrances, souffrance, douleur
Oliver reached the stile at which the by-path terminated; and once more gained the high-road. It was eight o'clock now. Though he was nearly five miles away from the town, he ran, and hid behind the hedges, by turns, till noon: fearing that he might be pursued and overtaken.
stile - stile, échalier
by-path - (by-path) par le chemin
hedges - des haies, haie
overtaken - dépassé, dépasser, doubler, surprendre
Then he sat down to rest by the side of the milestone, and began to think, for the first time, where he had better go and try to live.
milestone - étape, borne, borne kilométrique, jalon
The stone by which he was seated, bore, in large characters, an intimation that it was just seventy miles from that spot to London. The name awakened a new train of ideas in the boy's mind.
intimation - intimation
London!"that great place!"nobody"not even Mr. Bumble"could ever find him there! He had often heard the old men in the workhouse, too, say that no lad of spirit need want in London; and that there were ways of living in that vast city, which those who had been bred up in country parts had no idea of. It was the very place for a homeless boy, who must die in the streets unless some one helped him.
As these things passed through his thoughts, he jumped upon his feet, and again walked forward.
thoughts - réflexions, idée, pensée
He had diminished the distance between himself and London by full four miles more, before he recollected how much he must undergo ere he could hope to reach his place of destination. As this consideration forced itself upon him, he slackened his pace a little, and meditated upon his means of getting there. He had a crust of bread, a coarse shirt, and two pairs of stockings, in his bundle.
ere - ici
meditated - médité, méditer
crust - croute, croute, écorce
bundle - bundle, faisceau, fagot, paquet, ballot (of goods)
He had a penny too"a gift of Sowerberry's after some funeral in which he had acquitted himself more than ordinarily well"in his pocket. "A clean shirt," thought Oliver, "is a very comfortable thing; and so are two pairs of darned stockings; and so is a penny; but they are small helps to a sixty-five miles'walk in winter time.
acquitted - acquittée, innocenter
" But Oliver's thoughts, like those of most other people, although they were extremely ready and active to point out his difficulties, were wholly at a loss to suggest any feasible mode of surmounting them; so, after a good deal of thinking to no particular purpose, he changed his little bundle over to the other shoulder, and trudged on.
feasible - faisable
surmounting - surmontant, (surmount), surmonter
trudged - trudged, marcher, crapahuter
Oliver walked twenty miles that day; and all that time tasted nothing but the crust of dry bread, and a few draughts of water, which he begged at the cottage-doors by the road-side. When the night came, he turned into a meadow; and, creeping close under a hay-rick, determined to lie there, till morning.
meadow - prairie, pré
Hay - foin
rick - rick
He felt frightened at first, for the wind moaned dismally over the empty fields: and he was cold and hungry, and more alone than he had ever felt before. Being very tired with his walk, however, he soon fell asleep and forgot his troubles.
moaned - gémi, gémissement, se plaindre, geindre, gémir, mugir
dismally - grise
He felt cold and stiff, when he got up next morning, and so hungry that he was obliged to exchange the penny for a small loaf, in the very first village through which he passed. He had walked no more than twelve miles, when night closed in again. His feet were sore, and his legs so weak that they trembled beneath him.
sore - douloureux, ulcere
trembled - tremblait, trembler, vibrer, tremblement, vibration
Another night passed in the bleak damp air, made him worse; when he set forward on his journey next morning he could hardly crawl along.
bleak - sombre, pelée, désagréable
He waited at the bottom of a steep hill till a stage-coach came up, and then begged of the outside passengers; but there were very few who took any notice of him: and even those told him to wait till they got to the top of the hill, and then let them see how far he could run for a halfpenny.
Poor Oliver tried to keep up with the coach a little way, but was unable to do it, by reason of his fatigue and sore feet. When the outsides saw this, they put their halfpence back into their pockets again, declaring that he was an idle young dog, and didn't deserve anything; and the coach rattled away and left only a cloud of dust behind.
fatigue - la fatigue, fatigue, épuisement, corvée, fatiguer
halfpence - demi-pence
rattled - secouée, (faire) cliqueter
In some villages, large painted boards were fixed up: warning all persons who begged within the district, that they would be sent to jail. This frightened Oliver very much, and made him glad to get out of those villages with all possible expedition.
In others, he would stand about the inn-yards, and look mournfully at every one who passed: a proceeding which generally terminated in the landlady's ordering one of the post-boys who were lounging about, to drive that strange boy out of the place, for she was sure he had come to steal something.
stand about - a propos de quoi
Inn - l'auberge, auberge
mournfully - en deuil
landlady - propriétaire
If he begged at a farmer's house, ten to one but they threatened to set the dog on him; and when he showed his nose in a shop, they talked about the beadle"which brought Oliver's heart into his mouth,"very often the only thing he had there, for many hours together.
In fact, if it had not been for a good-hearted turnpike-man, and a benevolent old lady, Oliver's troubles would have been shortened by the very same process which had put an end to his mother's; in other words, he would most assuredly have fallen dead upon the king's highway.
turnpike - l'autoroute, route a péage
shortened - raccourci, raccourcir, écourter
assuredly - assurément
But the turnpike-man gave him a meal of bread and cheese; and the old lady, who had a shipwrecked grandson wandering barefoot in some distant part of the earth, took pity upon the poor orphan, and gave him what little she could afford"and more"with such kind and gentle words, and such tears of sympathy and compassion, that they sank deeper into Oliver's soul, than all the sufferings he had ever undergone.
shipwrecked - naufragés, épave, naufrage, naufrager
grandson - petit-fils
barefoot - pieds nus
Early on the seventh morning after he had left his native place, Oliver limped slowly into the little town of Barnet. The window-shutters were closed; the street was empty; not a soul had awakened to the business of the day.
native place - lieu d'origine
limped - boitait, mou, faible
The sun was rising in all its splendid beauty; but the light only served to show the boy his own lonesomeness and desolation, as he sat, with bleeding feet and covered with dust, upon a door-step.
splendid - splendide, fameux
lonesomeness - la solitude
by degrees, the shutters were opened; the window-blinds were drawn up; and people began passing to and fro. Some few stopped to gaze at Oliver for a moment or two, or turned round to stare at him as they hurried by; but none relieved him, or troubled themselves to inquire how he came there. He had no heart to beg. And there he sat.
by degrees - par degrés
fro - fro
inquire - demander, enqueter
He had been crouching on the step for some time: wondering at the great number of public-houses (every other house in Barnet was a tavern, large or small), gazing listlessly at the coaches as they passed through, and thinking how strange it seemed that they could do, with ease, in a few hours, what it had taken him a whole week of courage and determination beyond his years to accomplish: when he was roused by observing that a boy, who had passed him carelessly some minutes before, had returned, and was now surveying him most earnestly from the opposite side of the way. He took little heed of this at first; but the boy remained in the same attitude of close observation so long, that Oliver raised his head, and returned his steady look. Upon this, the boy crossed over; and walking close up to Oliver, said,
listlessly - creuxse
earnestly - sincerement, sérieusement
heed - attention, observer, surveiller, preter attention
"Hullo, my covey! What's the row?"
Hullo - bonjour, salut !
covey - covey
The boy who addressed this inquiry to the young wayfarer, was about his own age: but one of the queerest looking boys that Oliver had even seen. He was a snub-nosed, flat-browed, common-faced boy enough; and as dirty a juvenile as one would wish to see; but he had about him all the airs and manners of a man. He was short of his age: with rather bow-legs, and little, sharp, ugly eyes.
inquiry - demande, enquete
wayfarer - wayfarer, voyageur
queerest - le plus rapide, étrange, bizarre
snub - snub, snober, repousser
browed - sourcilleux
His hat was stuck on the top of his head so lightly, that it threatened to fall off every moment"and would have done so, very often, if the wearer had not had a knack of every now and then giving his head a sudden twitch, which brought it back to its old place again. He wore a man's coat, which reached nearly to his heels.
lightly - légerement, légerement
wearer - support
knack - knack, chic
twitch - twitch, donner, avoir un mouvement convulsif
He had turned the cuffs back, half-way up his arm, to get his hands out of the sleeves: apparently with the ultimate view of thrusting them into the pockets of his corduroy trousers; for there he kept them. He was, altogether, as roystering and swaggering a young gentleman as ever stood four feet six, or something less, in the bluchers.
sleeves - manches, manche, chemise (inner), gaine (outer), manchon
corduroy trousers - pantalon en velours côtelé
swaggering - en train de plastronner, (swagger) en train de plastronner
bluchers - bluchers, derby
"Hullo, my covey! What's the row?" said this strange young gentleman to Oliver.
"I am very hungry and tired," replied Oliver: the tears standing in his eyes as he spoke. "I have walked a long way. I have been walking these seven days."
"Walking for sivin days!" said the young gentleman. "Oh, I see. Beak's order, eh? But," he added, noticing Oliver's look of surprise, "I suppose you don't know what a beak is, my flash com-pan-i-on."
beak - bec
Oliver mildly replied, that he had always heard a bird's mouth described by the term in question.
mildly - légerement
"My eyes, how green!" exclaimed the young gentleman. "Why, a beak's a madgst'rate; and when you walk by a beak's order, it's not straight forerd, but always agoing up, and niver a coming down agin. Was you never on the mill?"
madgst - madgst
forerd - avant
agoing - Iling
"What mill?" inquired Oliver.
"What mill! Why, the mill"the mill as takes up so little room that it'll work inside a Stone Jug; and always goes better when the wind's low with people, than when it's high; acos then they can't get workmen. But come," said the young gentleman; "you want grub, and you shall have it. I'm at low-water-mark myself"only one bob and a magpie; but, as far as it goes, I'll fork out and stump.
jug - carafe, pot, récipient, broc, cruche
workmen - des ouvriers, ouvrier
grub - de la bouffe, larve, bouffe, boue
Bob - bob, monter et descendre (sur place)
Magpie - pie, pie bavarde, cassican fluteur
stump - souche, moignon, estompe
Up with you on your pins. There! Now then! Morrice!"
morrice - morrice
Assisting Oliver to rise, the young gentleman took him to an adjacent chandler's shop, where he purchased a sufficiency of ready-dressed ham and a half-quartern loaf, or, as he himself expressed it, "a fourpenny bran!" the ham being kept clean and preserved from dust, by the ingenious expedient of making a hole in the loaf by pulling out a portion of the crumb, and stuffing it therein.
chandler - chandler, chandelier
Ham - le jambon, jambon
fourpenny - quatre sous
bran - son
crumb - miette, mie, paner
Taking the bread under his arm, the young gentlman turned into a small public-house, and led the way to a tap-room in the rear of the premises. Here, a pot of beer was brought in, by direction of the mysterious youth; and Oliver, falling to, at his new friend's bidding, made a long and hearty meal, during the progress of which the strange boy eyed him from time to time with great attention.
public-house - (public-house) une maison publique
"Going to London?" said the strange boy, when Oliver had at length concluded.
"Got any lodgings?"
lodgings - logements, logement, hébergement, verse
The strange boy whistled; and put his arms into his pockets, as far as the big coat-sleeves would let them go.
whistled - sifflé, sifflet, siffler, sifflement, sifflements-p
"Do you live in London?" inquired Oliver.
"Yes. I do, when I'm at home," replied the boy. "I suppose you want some place to sleep in to-night, don't you?"
"I do, indeed," answered Oliver. "I have not slept under a roof since I left the country."
"Don't fret your eyelids on that score," said the young gentleman. "I've got to be in London to-night; and I know a 'spectable old gentleman as lives there, wot'll give you lodgings for nothink, and never ask for the change"that is, if any genelman he knows interduces you. And don't he know me? Oh, no! Not in the least! By no means. Certainly not!"
fret - fret, (se) tracasser (pour)
eyelids - paupieres, paupiere
interduces - interduit
The young gentleman smiled, as if to intimate that the latter fragments of discourse were playfully ironical; and finished the beer as he did so.
playfully - de façon ludique
ironical - ironique
This unexpected offer of shelter was too tempting to be resisted; especially as it was immediately followed up, by the assurance that the old gentleman referred to, would doubtless provide Oliver with a comfortable place, without loss of time.
doubtless - sans doute, sans aucun doute, sans nul doute, indubitablement
This led to a more friendly and confidential dialogue; from which Oliver discovered that his friend's name was Jack Dawkins, and that he was a peculiar pet and protege of the elderly gentleman before mentioned.
confidential - confidentiel
Jack - Jeannot, Jacques, Jacob, Jack
protege - protégé
Dawkin's appearance did not say a vast deal in favour of the comforts which his patron's interest obtained for those whom he took under his protection; but, as he had a rather flightly and dissolute mode of conversing, and furthermore avowed that among his intimate friends he was better known by the sobriquet of "The Artful Dodger," Oliver concluded that, being of a dissipated and careless turn, the moral precepts of his benefactor had hitherto been thrown away upon him. Under this impression, he secretly resolved to cultivate the good opinion of the old gentleman as quickly as possible; and, if he found the Dodger incorrigible, as he more than half suspected he should, to decline the honour of his farther acquaintance.
flightly - volante
dissolute - dissolue, dissolu
avowed - avoué, avouer, confesser
sobriquet - sobriquet, surnom familier
dissipated - dissipée, dissiper
precepts - préceptes, précepte
benefactor - bienfaiteur, bienfaitrice
secretly - secretement, secretement, en cachette
incorrigible - incorrigible
acquaintance - une connaissance, relation
As John Dawkins objected to their entering London before nightfall, it was nearly eleven o'clock when they reached the turnpike at Islington. They crossed from the Angel into St.
nightfall - a la tombée de la nuit, tombée de la nuit
John's Road; struck down the small street which terminates at Sadler's Wells Theatre; through Exmouth Street and Coppice Row; down the little court by the side of the workhouse; across the classic ground which once bore the name of Hockley-in-the-Hole; thence into Little Saffron Hill; and so into Saffron Hill the Great: along which the Dodger scudded at a rapid pace, directing Oliver to follow close at his heels.
coppice - taillis, boqueteau, rejeter de souche
thence - d'ou, des lors
saffron - le safran, safran
Although Oliver had enough to occupy his attention in keeping sight of his leader, he could not help bestowing a few hasty glances on either side of the way, as he passed along. A dirtier or more wretched place he had never seen. The street was very narrow and muddy, and the air was impregnated with filthy odours.
bestowing - l'effusion, disposer de, accorder, remettre, conférer
hasty - hâtive, hâtif
Muddy - morne
impregnated - fécondée, rendre enceinte, mettre enceinte, enceinter
odours - odeurs, odeur
There were a good many small shops; but the only stock in trade appeared to be heaps of children, who, even at that time of night, were crawling in and out at the doors, or screaming from the inside. The sole places that seemed to prosper amid the general blight of the place, were the public-houses; and in them, the lowest orders of Irish were wrangling with might and main.
heaps - tas, pile, monceau
Prosper - prospérer
blight - le mildiou, fléau, rouille, cloque, abîmer, abîmé
wrangling - la lutte, (wrangle), disputer, quereller
Covered ways and yards, which here and there diverged from the main street, disclosed little knots of houses, where drunken men and women were positively wallowing in filth; and from several of the door-ways, great ill-looking fellows were cautiously emerging, bound, to all appearance, on no very well-disposed or harmless errands.
diverged - ont divergé, diverger
knots - nouds, noeud
wallowing - se vautrer, (wallow) se vautrer
filth - de la saleté, crasse, saleté, boue
harmless - inoffensif
errands - des courses, course, commission
Oliver was just considering whether he hadn't better run away, when they reached the bottom of the hill. His conductor, catching him by the arm, pushed open the door of a house near Field Lane; and drawing him into the passage, closed it behind them.
"Now, then!" cried a voice from below, in reply to a whistle from the Dodger.
"Plummy and slam!" was the reply.
plummy - plummy
This seemed to be some watchword or signal that all was right; for the light of a feeble candle gleamed on the wall at the remote end of the passage; and a man's face peeped out, from where a balustrade of the old kitchen staircase had been broken away.
watchword - mot d'ordre
feeble - faible
gleamed - brillait, luire
balustrade - balustrade
broken away - se détacher
"There's two on you," said the man, thrusting the candle farther out, and shielding his eyes with his hand. "Who's the t'other one?"
shielding - le blindage, bouclier
"A new pal," replied Jack Dawkins, pulling Oliver forward.
pal - pal, camarade
"Where did he come from?"
"Greenland. Is Fagin upstairs?"
Greenland - le groenland, Groenland
Fagin - Fagin
"Yes, he's a sortin'the wipes. Up with you!" The candle was drawn back, and the face disappeared.
sortin - sortin
Oliver, groping his way with one hand, and having the other firmly grasped by his companion, ascended with much difficulty the dark and broken stairs: which his conductor mounted with an ease and expedition that showed he was well acquainted with them.
ascended - ascensionné, monter
He threw open the door of a back-room, and drew Oliver in after him.
The walls and ceiling of the room were perfectly black with age and dirt. There was a deal table before the fire: upon which were a candle, stuck in a ginger-beer bottle, two or three pewter pots, a loaf and butter, and a plate.
ginger - gingembre
pewter - étain, métal blanc, potin, potin gris
In a frying-pan, which was on the fire, and which was secured to the mantelshelf by a string, some sausages were cooking; and standing over them, with a toasting-fork in his hand, was a very old shrivelled Jew, whose villainous-looking and repulsive face was obscured by a quantity of matted red hair.
mantelshelf - étagere de cheminée
sausages - saucisses, saucisse, saucisson
shrivelled - ratatiné, se flétrir, se rider
obscured - obscurci, obscur, sibyllin, obscurcir
matted - maté, (petit) tapis
He was dressed in a greasy flannel gown, with his throat bare; and seemed to be dividing his attention between the frying-pan and the clothes-horse, over which a great number of silk handkerchiefs were hanging. Several rough beds made of old sacks, were huddled side by side on the floor.
flannel - flanelle
huddled - blottis, foule dense et désordonnée, se blottir
Seated round the table were four or five boys, none older than the Dodger, smoking long clay pipes, and drinking spirits with the air of middle-aged men. These all crowded about their associate as he whispered a few words to the Jew; and then turned round and grinned at Oliver. So did the Jew himself, toasting-fork in hand.
"This is him, Fagin," said Jack Dawkins; "my friend Oliver Twist."
The Jew grinned; and, making a low obeisance to Oliver, took him by the hand, and hoped he should have the honour of his intimate acquaintance. Upon this, the young gentleman with the pipes came round him, and shook both his hands very hard"especially the one in which he held his little bundle.
One young gentleman was very anxious to hang up his cap for him; and another was so obliging as to put his hands in his pockets, in order that, as he was very tired, he might not have the trouble of emptying them, himself, when he went to bed.
These civilities would probably be extended much farther, but for a liberal exercise of the Jew's toasting-fork on the heads and shoulders of the affectionate youths who offered them.
civilities - civilités, politesse
affectionate - affectueux
"We are very glad to see you, Oliver, very," said the Jew. "Dodger, take off the sausages; and draw a tub near the fire for Oliver. Ah, you're a-staring at the pocket-handkerchiefs! eh, my dear. There are a good many of 'em, ain't there? We've just looked 'em out, ready for the wash; that's all, Oliver; that's all. Ha! ha! ha!"
tub - baignoire, bassine, rafiot
The latter part of this speech, was hailed by a boisterous shout from all the hopeful pupils of the merry old gentleman. In the midst of which they went to supper.
boisterous - bruyante, bruyant, tapageur, turbulent
Oliver ate his share, and the Jew then mixed him a glass of hot gin-and-water: telling him he must drink it off directly, because another gentleman wanted the tumbler. Oliver did as he was desired. Immediately afterwards he felt himself gently lifted on to one of the sacks; and then he sunk into a deep sleep.
tumbler - gobelet, tumbler
CHAPTER IX. CONTAINING FURTHER PARTICULARS CONCERNING THE PLEASANT OLD GENTLEMAN, AND HIS HOPEFUL PUPILS
It was late next morning when Oliver awoke, from a sound, long sleep. There was no other person in the room but the old Jew, who was boiling some coffee in a saucepan for breakfast, and whistling softly to himself as he stirred it round and round, with an iron spoon.
awoke - s'est réveillé, (se) réveiller, (s')éveiller
saucepan - casserole
whistling - siffler, (whistle), sifflet, sifflement, sifflements
He would stop every now and then to listen when there was the least noise below: and when he had satisfied himself, he would go on whistling and stirring again, as before.
Although Oliver had roused himself from sleep, he was not thoroughly awake. There is a drowsy state, between sleeping and waking, when you dream more in five minutes with your eyes half open, and yourself half conscious of everything that is passing around you, than you would in five nights with your eyes fast closed, and your senses wrapt in perfect unconsciousness.
drowsy - ensommeillé, somnolent, soporifique, stupide
half open - a moitié ouvert
At such time, a mortal knows just enough of what his mind is doing, to form some glimmering conception of its mighty powers, its bounding from earth and spurning time and space, when freed from the restraint of its corporeal associate.
mortal - mortel, mortelle
glimmering - scintillant, (glimmer), lueur, émettre une lueur
mighty - puissant
spurning - l'écourement, (spurn), renier, dédaigner, coup de pied
corporeal - corporelle
Oliver was precisely in this condition. He saw the Jew with his half-closed eyes; heard his low whistling; and recognised the sound of the spoon grating against the saucepan's sides: and yet the self-same senses were mentally engaged, at the same time, in busy action with almost everybody he had ever known.
grating - grinçant, grille, (grate) grinçant
mentally - mentalement
When the coffee was done, the Jew drew the saucepan to the hob. Standing, then in an irresolute attitude for a few minutes, as if he did not well know how to employ himself, he turned round and looked at Oliver, and called him by his name. He did not answer, and was to all appearances asleep.
hob - hob, plaque chauffante
irresolute - irrésolu
all appearances - toutes les apparences
After satisfying himself upon this head, the Jew stepped gently to the door: which he fastened. He then drew forth: as it seemed to Oliver, from some trap in the floor: a small box, which he placed carefully on the table. His eyes glistened as he raised the lid, and looked in. Dragging an old chair to the table, he sat down; and took from it a magnificent gold watch, sparkling with jewels.
small box - petite boîte
lid - couvercle
sparkling - étincelante, pétillant
jewels - bijoux, joyau, bijou, pierre d'horlogerie, rubis
"Aha!" said the Jew, shrugging up his shoulders, and distorting every feature with a hideous grin. "Clever dogs! Clever dogs! Staunch to the last! Never told the old parson where they were. Never poached upon old Fagin! And why should they? It wouldn't have loosened the knot, or kept the drop up, a minute longer. No, no, no! Fine fellows! Fine fellows!"
staunch - ferme, fervent, étancher
parson - parson, curé, curé paroissial, pasteur
Poached - poché, pocher
loosened - desserré, desserrer
knot - noud, nodale
With these, and other muttered reflections of the like nature, the Jew once more deposited the watch in its place of safety.
muttered - marmonné, marmonner
At least half a dozen more were severally drawn forth from the same box, and surveyed with equal pleasure; besides rings, brooches, bracelets, and other articles of jewellery, of such magnificent materials, and costly workmanship, that Oliver had no idea, even of their names.
severally - séparément
rings - anneaux, anneau, bague
brooches - broches, broche
bracelets - bracelets, bracelet
Having replaced these trinkets, the Jew took out another: so small that it lay in the palm of his hand. There seemed to be some very minute inscription on it; for the Jew laid it flat upon the table, and shading it with his hand, pored over it, long and earnestly. At length he put it down, as if despairing of success; and, leaning back in his chair, muttered:
trinkets - bibelots, colifichet, bibelot, breloque, babiole, bricole
inscription - inscription, légende, dédicace
pored - pored, pore
despairing - désespéré, désespérer, désespoir
"What a fine thing capital punishment is! Dead men never repent; dead men never bring awkward stories to light. Ah, it's a fine thing for the trade! Five of 'em strung up in a row, and none left to play booty, or turn white-livered!"
repent - se repentir, repentir, repentez, repentons, repentent
booty - cul, butin
As the Jew uttered these words, his bright dark eyes, which had been staring vacantly before him, fell on Oliver's face; the boy's eyes were fixed on his in mute curiousity; and although the recognition was only for an instant"for the briefest space of time that can possibly be conceived"it was enough to show the old man that he had been observed.
uttered - prononcée, complet, total
vacantly - vacante
curiousity - la curiosité
He closed the lid of the box with a loud crash; and, laying his hand on a bread knife which was on the table, started furiously up. He trembled very much though; for, even in his terror, Oliver could see that the knife quivered in the air.
quivered - a tremblé, frémir
"What's that?" said the Jew. "What do you watch me for? Why are you awake? What have you seen? Speak out, boy! Quick"quick! for your life."
"I wasn't able to sleep any longer, sir," replied Oliver, meekly. "I am very sorry if I have disturbed you, sir."
wasn - n'était
"You were not awake an hour ago?" said the Jew, scowling fiercely on the boy.
scowling - se renfrogner, (scowl) se renfrogner
"No! No, indeed!" replied Oliver.
"Are you sure?" cried the Jew: with a still fiercer look than before: and a threatening attitude.
"Upon my word I was not, sir," replied Oliver, earnestly. "I was not, indeed, sir."
"Tush, tush, my dear!" said the Jew, abruptly resuming his old manner, and playing with the knife a little, before he laid it down; as if to induce the belief that he had caught it up, in mere sport. "Of course I know that, my dear. I only tried to frighten you. You're a brave boy. Ha! ha! you're a brave boy, Oliver.
abruptly - brusquement, abruptement, tout d'un coup, précipitamment
" The Jew rubbed his hands with a chuckle, but glanced uneasily at the box, notwithstanding.
chuckle - glousser
uneasily - mal a l'aise
"Did you see any of these pretty things, my dear?" said the Jew, laying his hand upon it after a short pause.
"Yes, sir," replied Oliver.
"Ah!" said the Jew, turning rather pale. "They"they're mine, Oliver; my little property. All I have to live upon, in my old age. The folks call me a miser, my dear. Only a miser; that's all."
miser - avare, crevard, grigou, grippe-sou
Oliver thought the old gentleman must be a decided miser to live in such a dirty place, with so many watches; but, thinking that perhaps his fondness for the Dodger and the other boys, cost him a good deal of money, he only cast a deferential look at the Jew, and asked if he might get up.
fondness - l'affection, affection
"Certainly, my dear, certainly," replied the old gentleman. "Stay. There's a pitcher of water in the corner by the door. Bring it here; and I'll give you a basin to wash in, my dear."
Pitcher - cruche, broc
Oliver got up; walked across the room; and stooped for an instant to raise the pitcher. When he turned his head, the box was gone.
He had scarcely washed himself, and made everything tidy, by emptying the basin out of the window, agreeably to the Jew's directions, when the Dodger returned: accompanied by a very sprightly young friend, whom Oliver had seen smoking on the previous night, and who was now formally introduced to him as Charley Bates.
agreeably - a l'aise, agréablement
sprightly - vif
The four sat down, to breakfast, on the coffee, and some hot rolls and ham which the Dodger had brought home in the crown of his hat.
"Well," said the Jew, glancing slyly at Oliver, and addressing himself to the Dodger, "I hope you've been at work this morning, my dears?"
slyly - sournoisement
"Hard," replied the Dodger.
"As nails," added Charley Bates.
"Good boys, good boys!" said the Jew. "What have you got, Dodger?"
"A couple of pocket-books," replied that young gentlman.
"Lined?" inquired the Jew, with eagerness.
"Pretty well," replied the Dodger, producing two pocket-books; one green, and the other red.
"Not so heavy as they might be," said the Jew, after looking at the insides carefully; "but very neat and nicely made. Ingenious workman, ain't he, Oliver?"
nicely - joliment, agréablement
"Very indeed, sir," said Oliver. At which Mr. Charles Bates laughed uproariously; very much to the amazement of Oliver, who saw nothing to laugh at, in anything that had passed.
uproariously - a l'arraché
"And what have you got, my dear?" said Fagin to Charley Bates.
"Wipes," replied Master Bates; at the same time producing four pocket-handkerchiefs.
"Well," said the Jew, inspecting them closely; "they're very good ones, very. You haven't marked them well, though, Charley; so the marks shall be picked out with a needle, and we'll teach Oliver how to do it. Shall us, Oliver, eh? Ha! ha! ha!"
"If you please, sir," said Oliver.
"You'd like to be able to make pocket-handkerchiefs as easy as Charley Bates, wouldn't you, my dear?" said the Jew.
"Very much, indeed, if you'll teach me, sir," replied Oliver.
Master Bates saw something so exquisitely ludicrous in this reply, that he burst into another laugh; which laugh, meeting the coffee he was drinking, and carrying it down some wrong channel, very nearly terminated in his premature suffocation.
exquisitely - de maniere exquise
ludicrous - ridicule
premature - prématurée, prématuré
suffocation - l'asphyxie, suffocation
"He is so jolly green!" said Charley when he recovered, as an apology to the company for his unpolite behaviour.
jolly - jovial
unpolite - non poli
The Dodger said nothing, but he smoothed Oliver's hair over his eyes, and said he'd know better, by and by; upon which the old gentleman, observing Oliver's colour mounting, changed the subject by asking whether there had been much of a crowd at the execution that morning?
This made him wonder more and more; for it was plain from the replies of the two boys that they had both been there; and Oliver naturally wondered how they could possibly have found time to be so very industrious.
industrious - industrieux
When the breakfast was cleared away; the merry old gentlman and the two boys played at a very curious and uncommon game, which was performed in this way.
cleared away - nettoyé
The merry old gentleman, placing a snuff-box in one pocket of his trousers, a note-case in the other, and a watch in his waistcoat pocket, with a guard-chain round his neck, and sticking a mock diamond pin in his shirt: buttoned his coat tight round him, and putting his spectacle-case and handkerchief in his pockets, trotted up and down the room with a stick, in imitation of the manner in which old gentlemen walk about the streets any hour in the day. Sometimes he stopped at the fire-place, and sometimes at the door, making believe that he was staring with all his might into shop-windows. At such times, he would look constantly round him, for fear of thieves, and would keep slapping all his pockets in turn, to see that he hadn't lost anything, in such a very funny and natural manner, that Oliver laughed till the tears ran down his face. All this time, the two boys followed him closely about: getting out of his sight, so nimbly, every time he turned round, that it was impossible to follow their motions. At last, the Dodger trod upon his toes, or ran upon his boot accidently, while Charley Bates stumbled up against him behind; and in that one moment they took from him, with the most extraordinary rapidity, snuff-box, note-case, watch-guard, chain, shirt-pin, pocket-handkerchief, even the spectacle-case. If the old gentlman felt a hand in any one of his pockets, he cried out where it was; and then the game began all over again.
Mock - se moquer, imitation, succédané, moquerie, examen blanc
making believe - faire croire
shop-windows - (shop-windows) Vitrines de magasin
nimbly - agilement
trod - trod, (tread) trod
accidently - accidentellement
rapidity - rapidité, célérité
When this game had been played a great many times, a couple of young ladies called to see the young gentleman; one of whom was named Bet, and the other Nancy. They wore a good deal of hair, not very neatly turned up behind, and were rather untidy about the shoes and stockings.
neatly - proprement, élégamment
untidy - débraillé, négligé, désordonné, bordélique
They were not exactly pretty, perhaps; but they had a great deal of colour in their faces, and looked quite stout and hearty. Being remarkably free and agreeable in their manners, Oliver thought them very nice girls indeed. As there is no doubt they were.
The visitors stopped a long time. Spirits were produced, in consequence of one of the young ladies complaining of a coldness in her inside; and the conversation took a very convivial and improving turn. At length, Charley Bates expressed his opinion that it was time to pad the hoof.
coldness - froideur, froid
convivial - conviviale
hoof - sabot
This, it occurred to Oliver, must be French for going out; for directly afterwards, the Dodger, and Charley, and the two young ladies, went away together, having been kindly furnished by the amiable old Jew with money to spend.
furnished - meublé, meubler, fournir, livrer
"There, my dear," said Fagin. "That's a pleasant life, isn't it? They have gone out for the day."
"Have they done work, sir?" inquired Oliver.
"Yes," said the Jew; "that is, unless they should unexpectedly come across any, when they are out; and they won't neglect it, if they do, my dear, depend upon it. Make 'em your models, my dear. Make 'em your models," tapping the fire-shovel on the hearth to add force to his words; "do everything they bid you, and take their advice in all matters"especially the Dodger's, my dear.
shovel - pelle, beche, peller
He'll be a great man himself, and will make you one too, if you take pattern by him."Is my handkerchief hanging out of my pocket, my dear?" said the Jew, stopping short.
"Yes, sir," said Oliver.
"See if you can take it out, without my feeling it; as you saw them do, when we were at play this morning."
Oliver held up the bottom of the pocket with one hand, as he had seen the Dodger hold it, and drew the handkerchief lightly out of it with the other.
"Is it gone?" cried the Jew.
"Here it is, sir," said Oliver, showing it in his hand.
"You're a clever boy, my dear," said the playful old gentleman, patting Oliver on the head approvingly. "I never saw a sharper lad. Here's a shilling for you. If you go on, in this way, you'll be the greatest man of the time. And now come here, and I'll show you how to take the marks out of the handkerchiefs."
shilling - shilling, (shill), homme de paille, prete-nom
Oliver wondered what picking the old gentleman's pocket in play, had to do with his chances of being a great man. But, thinking that the Jew, being so much his senior, must know best, he followed him quietly to the table, and was soon deeply involved in his new study.
CHAPTER X. OLIVER BECOMES BETTER ACQUAINTED WITH THE CHARACTERS OF HIS NEW ASSOCIATES; AND PURCHASES EXPERIENCE AT A HIGH PRICE. BEING A SHORT, BUT VERY IMPORTANT CHAPTER, IN THIS HISTORY
For many days, Oliver remained in the Jew's room, picking the marks out of the pocket-handkerchief, (of which a great number were brought home,) and sometimes taking part in the game already described: which the two boys and the Jew played, regularly, every morning.
At length, he began to languish for fresh air, and took many occasions of earnestly entreating the old gentleman to allow him to go out to work with his two companions.
languish - dépérir, se cachectiser, se rabougrir, devenir étique, languir
Entreating - l'offrande, supplier
Oliver was rendered the more anxious to be actively employed, by what he had seen of the stern morality of the old gentleman's character. Whenever the Dodger or Charley Bates came home at night, empty-handed, he would expatiate with great vehemence on the misery of idle and lazy habits; and would enforce upon them the necessity of an active life, by sending them supperless to bed.
actively - activement
expatiate - expliquer, parler longuement, appesentir sur quelque chose
supperless - sans souper
On one occasion, indeed, he even went so far as to knock them both down a flight of stairs; but this was carrying out his virtuous precepts to an unusual extent.
At length, one morning, Oliver obtained the permission he had so eagerly sought. There had been no handkerchiefs to work upon, for two or three days, and the dinners had been rather meagre.
meagre - maigre
Perhaps these were reasons for the old gentleman's giving his assent; but, whether they were or no, he told Oliver he might go, and placed him under the joint guardianship of Charley Bates, and his friend the Dodger.
assent - l'assentiment, assentir, assentiment
guardianship - la tutelle, tutelle
The three boys sallied out; the Dodger with his coat-sleeves tucked up, and his hat cocked, as usual; Master Bates sauntering along with his hands in his pockets; and Oliver between them, wondering where they were going, and what branch of manufacture he would be instructed in, first.
sallied - salué, sortie
tucked up - rentré
sauntering - en train de flâner, (saunter), flâner, flânerie
The pace at which they went, was such a very lazy, ill-looking saunter, that Oliver soon began to think his companions were going to deceive the old gentleman, by not going to work at all.
saunter - saunter, flâner, flânerie
The Dodger had a vicious propensity, too, of pulling the caps from the heads of small boys and tossing them down areas; while Charley Bates exhibited some very loose notions concerning the rights of property, by pilfering divers apples and onions from the stalls at the kennel sides, and thrusting them into pockets which were so surprisingly capacious, that they seemed to undermine his whole suit of clothes in every direction. These things looked so bad, that Oliver was on the point of declaring his intention of seeking his way back, in the best way he could; when his thoughts were suddenly directed into another channel, by a very mysterious change of behaviour on the part of the Dodger.
propensity - propension, tendance
divers - des plongeurs, plongeur, plongeuse
surprisingly - surprenant
capacious - volumineux
They were just emerging from a narrow court not far from the open square in Clerkenwell, which is yet called, by some strange perversion of terms, "The Green": when the Dodger made a sudden stop; and, laying his finger on his lip, drew his companions back again, with the greatest caution and circumspection.
perversion - perversion
circumspection - circonspection
"What's the matter?" demanded Oliver.
"Hush!" replied the Dodger. "Do you see that old cove at the book-stall?"
Cove - la crique, anse
"The old gentleman over the way?" said Oliver. "Yes, I see him."
"He'll do," said the Dodger.
"A prime plant," observed Master Charley Bates.
Oliver looked from one to the other, with the greatest surprise; but he was not permitted to make any inquiries; for the two boys walked stealthily across the road, and slunk close behind the old gentleman towards whom his attention had been directed. Oliver walked a few paces after them; and, not knowing whether to advance or retire, stood looking on in silent amazement.
stealthily - furtivement
The old gentleman was a very respectable-looking personage, with a powdered head and gold spectacles. He was dressed in a bottle-green coat with a black velvet collar; wore white trousers; and carried a smart bamboo cane under his arm. He had taken up a book from the stall, and there he stood, reading away, as hard as if he were in his elbow-chair, in his own study.
respectable - respectable, convenable
personage - personnage
velvet - du velours, velours, duvet (on skin), velours (on antlers)
bamboo - bambou, de bambou
It is very possible that he fancied himself there, indeed; for it was plain, from his abstraction, that he saw not the book-stall, nor the street, nor the boys, nor, in short, anything but the book itself: which he was reading straight through: turning over the leaf when he got to the bottom of a page, beginning at the top line of the next one, and going regularly on, with the greatest interest and eagerness.
What was Oliver's horror and alarm as he stood a few paces off, looking on with his eyelids as wide open as they would possibly go, to see the Dodger plunge his hand into the old gentleman's pocket, and draw from thence a handkerchief! To see him hand the same to Charley Bates; and finally to behold them, both running away round the corner at full speed!
In an instant the whole mystery of the hankerchiefs, and the watches, and the jewels, and the Jew, rushed upon the boy's mind.
hankerchiefs - des mouchoirs en papier
He stood, for a moment, with the blood so tingling through all his veins from terror, that he felt as if he were in a burning fire; then, confused and frightened, he took to his heels; and, not knowing what he did, made off as fast as he could lay his feet to the ground.
This was all done in a minute's space. In the very instant when Oliver began to run, the old gentleman, putting his hand to his pocket, and missing his handkerchief, turned sharp round. Seeing the boy scudding away at such a rapid pace, he very naturally concluded him to be the depredator; and shouting "Stop thief!" with all his might, made off after him, book in hand.
depredator - déprédateur
But the old gentleman was not the only person who raised the hue-and-cry. The Dodger and Master Bates, unwilling to attract public attention by running down the open street, had merely retired into the very first doorway round the corner.
hue - teinte, nuance
They no sooner heard the cry, and saw Oliver running, than, guessing exactly how the matter stood, they issued forth with great promptitude; and, shouting "Stop thief!" too, joined in the pursuit like good citizens.
promptitude - la promptitude
Although Oliver had been brought up by philosophers, he was not theoretically acquainted with the beautiful axiom that self-preservation is the first law of nature. If he had been, perhaps he would have been prepared for this. Not being prepared, however, it alarmed him the more; so away he went like the wind, with the old gentleman and the two boys roaring and shouting behind him.
theoretically - théoriquement, en théorie
axiom - axiome
"Stop thief! Stop thief!" There is a magic in the sound. The tradesman leaves his counter, and the car-man his waggon; the butcher throws down his tray; the baker his basket; the milkman his pail; the errand-boy his parcels; the school-boy his marbles; the paviour his pickaxe; the child his battledore.
waggon - wagon
butcher - boucher, charcutier, abattre, (butch), hommasse
tray - plateau
Baker - baker, boulanger, boulangere
milkman - laitier, crémier
pail - seau
errand - course, commission
parcels - colis, paquet, parcelle, empaqueter, emballer, envelopper
marbles - des billes, marbre, bille, grillot, marbrer
paviour - paviour
pickaxe - pioche, piocher
battledore - battledore, battoir
Away they run, pell-mell, helter-skelter, slap-dash: tearing, yelling, screaming, knocking down the passengers as they turn the corners, rousing up the dogs, and astonishing the fowls: and streets, squares, and courts, re-echo with the sound.
skelter - skelter
Dash - dash, tiret, trait, ta, sprint, soupçon, se précipiter
rousing - l'enthousiasme, réveiller
fowls - volailles, volaille, oiseau de basse-cour
"Stop thief! Stop thief!" The cry is taken up by a hundred voices, and the crowd accumulate at every turning.
Away they fly, splashing through the mud, and rattling along the pavements: up go the windows, out run the people, onward bear the mob, a whole audience desert Punch in the very thickest of the plot, and, joining the rushing throng, swell the shout, and lend fresh vigour to the cry, "Stop thief! Stop thief!"
splashing - éclaboussures, (splash), plouf, bruit, éclaboussure
rattling - le cliquetis, (rattle) le cliquetis
pavements - les chaussées, revetement, chaussée, pavement
throng - essaim, foule
swell - gonfler, déferlement, se tuméfier
"Stop thief! Stop thief!" There is a passion FOR hunting something deeply implanted in the human breast.
One wretched breathless child, panting with exhaustion; terror in his looks; agony in his eyes; large drops of perspiration streaming down his face; strains every nerve to make head upon his pursuers; and as they follow on his track, and gain upon him every instant, they hail his decreasing strength with joy. "Stop thief!" Ay, stop him For God's sake, were it only in mercy!
panting - haletant, (pant) haletant
exhaustion - l'épuisement, épuisement, harassement
pursuers - poursuivants, poursuivant
For God's sake - Pour l'amour de Dieu
Stopped at last! A clever blow. He is down upon the pavement; and the crowd eagerly gather round him: each new comer, jostling and struggling with the others to catch a glimpse. "stand aside!" "Give him a little air!" "Nonsense! he don't deserve it." "Where's the gentleman?" "Here his is, coming down the street." "Make room there for the gentleman!" "Is this the boy, sir!" "Yes."
pavement - revetement, chaussée, pavement
jostling - bousculade, (jostle), bousculer
stand aside - s'écarter
Oliver lay, covered with mud and dust, and bleeding from the mouth, looking wildly round upon the heap of faces that surrounded him, when the old gentleman was officiously dragged and pushed into the circle by the foremost of the pursuers.
heap - tas, pile, monceau
"Yes," said the gentleman, "I am afraid it is the boy."
"Afraid!" murmured the crowd. "That's a good 'un!"
"Poor fellow!" said the gentleman, "he has hurt himself."
"I did that, sir," said a great lubberly fellow, stepping forward; "and preciously I cut my knuckle agin'his mouth. I stopped him, sir."
stepping forward - qui s'avancent
preciously - précieusement
knuckle - le poing américain, articulation du doigt, articulation
The fellow touched his hat with a grin, expecting something for his pains; but, the old gentleman, eyeing him with an expression of dislike, look anxiously round, as if he contemplated running away himself: which it is very possible he might have attempted to do, and thus have afforded another chase, had not a police officer (who is generally the last person to arrive in such cases) at that moment made his way through the crowd, and seized Oliver by the collar.
anxiously - avec anxiété, anxieusement
"Come, get up," said the man, roughly.
"It wasn't me indeed, sir. Indeed, indeed, it was two other boys," said Oliver, clasping his hands passionately, and looking round. "They are here somewhere."
"Oh no, they ain't," said the officer. He meant this to be ironical, but it was true besides; for the Dodger and Charley Bates had filed off down the first convenient court they came to.
filed off - Limer
"Come, get up!"
"Don't hurt him," said the old gentleman, compassionately.
compassionately - avec compassion
"Oh no, I won't hurt him," replied the officer, tearing his jacket half off his back, in proof thereof. "Come, I know you; it won't do. Will you stand upon your legs, you young devil?"
thereof - de ces derniers, de
Oliver, who could hardly stand, made a shift to raise himself on his feet, and was at once lugged along the streets by the jacket-collar, at a rapid pace. The gentleman walked on with them by the officer's side; and as many of the crowd as could achieve the feat, got a little ahead, and stared back at Oliver from time to time. The boys shouted in triumph; and on they went.
lugged - trimballé, traîner
CHAPTER XI. TREATS OF MR. FANG THE POLICE MAGISTRATE; AND FURNISHES A SLIGHT SPECIMEN OF HIS MODE OF ADMINISTERING JUSTICE
Fang - fang, croc
furnishes - meubles, meubler, fournir, livrer
The offence had been committed within the district, and indeed in the immediate neighborhood of, a very notorious metropolitan police office. The crowd had only the satisfaction of accompanying Oliver through two or three streets, and down a place called Mutton Hill, when he was led beneath a low archway, and up a dirty court, into this dispensary of summary justice, by the back way.
neighborhood - voisinage, environs, quartier, checkvoisinage
metropolitan - métropolitain, urbain
archway - arcade
Dispensary - dispensaire
It was a small paved yard into which they turned; and here they encountered a stout man with a bunch of whiskers on his face, and a bunch of keys in his hand.
paved - pavé, paver
whiskers - moustaches, favoris-p, poil de barbe, moustache, vibrisse
"What's the matter now?" said the man carelessly.
"A young fogle-hunter," replied the man who had Oliver in charge.
fogle - fogle
Hunter - hunter, chasseur, chien de chasse, cheval de chasse, chercheur
"Are you the party that's been robbed, sir?" inquired the man with the keys.
"Yes, I am," replied the old gentleman; "but I am not sure that this boy actually took the handkerchief. I"I would rather not press the case."
"Must go before the magistrate now, sir," replied the man. "His worship will be disengaged in half a minute. Now, young gallows!"
gallows - la potence, potence, (gallow) la potence
This was an invitation for Oliver to enter through a door which he unlocked as he spoke, and which led into a stone cell. Here he was searched; and nothing being found upon him, locked up.
This cell was in shape and size something like an area cellar, only not so light. It was most intolerably dirty; for it was Monday morning; and it had been tenanted by six drunken people, who had been locked up, elsewhere, since Saturday night. But this is little.
intolerably - intolérable
In our station-houses, men and women are every night confined on the most trivial charges"the word is worth noting"in dungeons, compared with which, those in Newgate, occupied by the most atrocious felons, tried, found guilty, and under sentence of death, are palaces. Let any one who doubts this, compare the two.
most trivial - le plus trivial
dungeons - les donjons, oubliette, donjon, cachot
atrocious - atroce
felons - des criminels, criminel/-elle
The old gentleman looked almost as rueful as Oliver when the key grated in the lock. He turned with a sigh to the book, which had been the innocent cause of all this disturbance.
grated - râpé, grille (de foyer)
disturbance - perturbation, trouble, tapage
"There is something in that boy's face," said the old gentleman to himself as he walked slowly away, tapping his chin with the cover of the book, in a thoughtful manner; "something that touches and interests me. Can he be innocent? He looked like"Bye the bye," exclaimed the old gentleman, halting very abruptly, and staring up into the sky, "Bless my soul!
"where have I seen something like that look before?"
After musing for some minutes, the old gentleman walked, with the same meditative face, into a back anteroom opening from the yard; and there, retiring into a corner, called up before his mind's eye a vast amphitheatre of faces over which a dusky curtain had hung for many years. "No," said the old gentleman, shaking his head; "it must be imagination."
musing - muser, songeur, pensif, pensée, (mus) muser
meditative - méditatif
anteroom - attente
amphitheatre - amphithéâtre
dusky - crépusculaire
He wandered over them again. He had called them into view, and it was not easy to replace the shroud that had so long concealed them.
shroud - l'enveloppe, drap mortuaire
There were the faces of friends, and foes, and of many that had been almost strangers peering intrusively from the crowd; there were the faces of young and blooming girls that were now old women; there were faces that the grave had changed and closed upon, but which the mind, superior to its power, still dressed in their old freshness and beauty, calling back the lustre of the eyes, the brightness of the smile, the beaming of the soul through its mask of clay, and whispering of beauty beyond the tomb, changed but to be heightened, and taken from earth only to be set up as a light, to shed a soft and gentle glow upon the path to Heaven.
foes - ennemis, ennemi/-ie
intrusively - de maniere intrusive
blooming - la floraison, fleur
freshness - fraîcheur
calling back - rappeler
lustre - l'éclat, lustre, éclat
brightness - brillance, luminosité, intelligence
tomb - tombe, tombeau
glow - l'éclat, briller, luire, irradier, lueur, éclat
But the old gentleman could recall no one countenance of which Oliver's features bore a trace. So, he heaved a sigh over the recollections he awakened; and being, happily for himself, an absent old gentleman, buried them again in the pages of the musty book.
musty - moisi
He was roused by a touch on the shoulder, and a request from the man with the keys to follow him into the office. He closed his book hastily; and was at once ushered into the imposing presence of the renowned Mr. Fang.
The office was a front parlour, with a panelled wall. Mr. Fang sat behind a bar, at the upper end; and on one side the door was a sort of wooden pen in which poor little Oliver was already deposited; trembling very much at the awfulness of the scene.
panelled wall - mur en lambris
awfulness - l'horreur
Mr. Fang was a lean, long-backed, stiff-necked, middle-sized man, with no great quantity of hair, and what he had, growing on the back and sides of his head. His face was stern, and much flushed. If he were really not in the habit of drinking rather more than was exactly good for him, he might have brought action against his countenance for libel, and have recovered heavy damages.
libel - calomnie écrite, libelle, diffamation
The old gentleman bowed respectfully; and advancing to the magistrate's desk, said, suiting the action to the word, "That is my name and address, sir." He then withdrew a pace or two; and, with another polite and gentlemanly inclination of the head, waited to be questioned.
respectfully - respectueusement
gentlemanly - gentleman
inclination - inclinaison, checktendance
Now, it so happened that Mr. Fang was at that moment perusing a leading article in a newspaper of the morning, adverting to some recent decision of his, and commending him, for the three hundred and fiftieth time, to the special and particular notice of the Secretary of State for the Home Department. He was out of temper; and he looked up with an angry scowl.
adverting - la publicité, annonce
commending - recommander, féliciter
temper - caractere, tempérament, humeur, état d'esprit, recuit
scowl - se renfrogner, froncer les sourcils
"Who are you?" said Mr. Fang.
The old gentleman pointed, with some surprise, to his card.
"Officer!" said Mr. Fang, tossing the card contemptuously away with the newspaper. "Who is this fellow?"
"My name, sir," said the old gentleman, speaking like a gentleman, "my name, sir, is Brownlow. Permit me to inquire the name of the magistrate who offers a gratuitous and unprovoked insult to a respectable person, under the protection of the bench." Saying this, Mr. Brownlow looked around the office as if in search of some person who would afford him the required information.
offers - offres, offrir, proposer
gratuitous - gratuit
unprovoked - sans provocation
"Officer!" said Mr. Fang, throwing the paper on one side, "what's this fellow charged with?"
"He's not charged at all, your worship," replied the officer. "He appears against this boy, your worship."
His worship knew this perfectly well; but it was a good annoyance, and a safe one.
"Appears against the boy, does he?" said Mr. Fang, surveying Mr. Brownlow contemptuously from head to foot. "Swear him!"
"Before I am sworn, I must beg to say one word," said Mr. Brownlow; "and that is, that I really never, without actual experience, could have believed""
"Hold your tongue, sir!" said Mr. Fang, peremptorily.
peremptorily - de façon péremptoire
"I will not, sir!" replied the old gentleman.
"Hold your tongue this instant, or I'll have you turned out of the office!" said Mr. Fang. "You're an insolent impertinent fellow. How dare you bully a magistrate!"
insolent - insolent
bully - Brute
"What!" exclaimed the old gentleman, reddening.
reddening - le rougissement, rougir, faire rougir
"Swear this person!" said Fang to the clerk. "I'll not hear another word. Swear him."
Mr. Brownlow's indignation was greatly roused; but reflecting perhaps, that he might only injure the boy by giving vent to it, he suppressed his feelings and submitted to be sworn at once.
"Now," said Fang, "what's the charge against this boy? What have you got to say, sir?"
"I was standing at a bookstall"" Mr. Brownlow began.
bookstall - le centre de documentation
"Hold your tongue, sir," said Mr. Fang. "Policeman! Where's the policeman? Here, swear this policeman. Now, policeman, what is this?"
The policeman, with becoming humility, related how he had taken the charge; how he had searched Oliver, and found nothing on his person; and how that was all he knew about it.
"Are there any witnesses?" inquired Mr. Fang.
"None, your worship," replied the policeman.
Mr. Fang sat silent for some minutes, and then, turning round to the prosecutor, said in a towering passion.
turning round - faire demi-tour
"Do you mean to state what your complaint against this boy is, man, or do you not? You have been sworn. Now, if you stand there, refusing to give evidence, I'll punish you for disrespect to the bench; I will, by""
refusing - refusant, refuser de
disrespect - manque de respect, irrespect
By what, or by whom, nobody knows, for the clerk and jailor coughed very loud, just at the right moment; and the former dropped a heavy book upon the floor, thus preventing the word from being heard"accidently, of course.
jailor - geôlier
With many interruptions, and repeated insults, Mr. Brownlow contrived to state his case; observing that, in the surprise of the moment, he had run after the boy because he had saw him running away; and expressing his hope that, if the magistrate should believe him, although not actually the thief, to be connected with the thieves, he would deal as leniently with him as justice would allow.
interruptions - des interruptions, interruption
leniently - indulgent
"He has been hurt already," said the old gentleman in conclusion. "And I fear," he added, with great energy, looking towards the bar, "I really fear that he is ill."
"Oh! yes, I dare say!" said Mr. Fang, with a sneer. "Come, none of your tricks here, you young vagabond; they won't do. What's your name?"
vagabond - vagabond, vagabonde
What's your name? - Quel est votre nom ?
Oliver tried to reply but his tongue failed him. He was deadly pale; and the whole place seemed turning round and round.
"What's your name, you hardened scoundrel?" demanded Mr. Fang. "Officer, what's his name?"
scoundrel - canaille, scélérat, scélérate, gredin, gredine
This was addressed to a bluff old fellow, in a striped waistcoat, who was standing by the bar. He bent over Oliver, and repeated the inquiry; but finding him really incapable of understanding the question; and knowing that his not replying would only infuriate the magistrate the more, and add to the severity of his sentence; he hazarded a guess.
striped - rayé, rayure, galon, rayer
incapable - incapable
infuriate - exaspérer, enrager
severity - la sévérité, sévérité, gravité
"He says his name's Tom White, your worship," said the kind-hearted thief-taker.
"Oh, he won't speak out, won't he?" said Fang. "Very well, very well. Where does he live?"
"Where he can, your worship," replied the officer; again pretending to receive Oliver's answer.
"Has he any parents?" inquired Mr. Fang.
"He says they died in his infancy, your worship," replied the officer: hazarding the usual reply.
At this point of the inquiry, Oliver raised his head; and, looking round with imploring eyes, murmured a feeble prayer for a draught of water.
"Stuff and nonsense!" said Mr. Fang: "don't try to make a fool of me."
"I think he really is ill, your worship," remonstrated the officer.
"I know better," said Mr. Fang.
"Take care of him, officer," said the old gentleman, raising his hands instinctively; "he'll fall down."
"Stand away, officer," cried Fang; "let him, if he likes."
Oliver availed himself of the kind permission, and fell to the floor in a fainting fit. The men in the office looked at each other, but no one dared to stir.
Fainting - l'évanouissement, syncope
"I knew he was shamming," said Fang, as if this were incontestable proof of the fact. "Let him lie there; he'll soon be tired of that."
shamming - la tromperie, imposture, imitation
incontestable - incontestable
"How do you propose to deal with the case, sir?" inquired the clerk in a low voice.
"Summarily," replied Mr. Fang. "He stands committed for three months"hard labour of course. Clear the office."
summarily - sommairement
The door was opened for this purpose, and a couple of men were preparing to carry the insensible boy to his cell; when an elderly man of decent but poor appearance, clad in an old suit of black, rushed hastily into the office, and advanced towards the bench.
insensible - insensible
"Stop, stop! don't take him away! For heaven's sake stop a moment!" cried the new comer, breathless with haste.
For heaven's sake - Pour l'amour du ciel
Although the presiding Genii in such an office as this, exercise a summary and arbitrary power over the liberties, the good name, the character, almost the lives, of Her Majesty's subjects, especially of the poorer class; and although, within such walls, enough fantastic tricks are daily played to make the angels blind with weeping; they are closed to the public, save through the medium of the daily press.[Footnote: Or were virtually, then.] Mr. Fang was consequently not a little indignant to see an unbidden guest enter in such irreverent disorder.
Majesty - majesté
daily press - la presse quotidienne
Footnote - note en bas de page, note de bas de page
virtually - pratiquement, virtuellement
unbidden - non autorisé
irreverent - irrévérencieux
"What is this? Who is this? Turn this man out. Clear the office!" cried Mr. Fang.
"I will speak," cried the man; "I will not be turned out. I saw it all. I keep the book-stall. I demand to be sworn. I will not be put down. Mr. Fang, you must hear me. You must not refuse, sir."
The man was right. His manner was determined; and the matter was growing rather too serious to be hushed up.
hushed up - étouffé
"Swear the man," growled Mr. Fang, with a very ill grace. "Now, man, what have you got to say?"
"This," said the man: "I saw three boys: two others and the prisoner here: loitering on the opposite side of the way, when this gentleman was reading. The robbery was committed by another boy. I saw it done; and I saw that this boy was perfectly amazed and stupified by it.
loitering - le vagabondage, flanage, fait de rôder, (loiter), flâner
" Having by this time recovered a little breath, the worthy book-stall keeper proceeded to relate, in a more coherent manner the exact circumstances of the robbery.
keeper - gardien, gardienne, perle, conservateur, conservatrice
coherent - cohérent
"Why didn't you come here before?" said Fang, after a pause.
"I hadn't a soul to mind the shop," replied the man. "Everybody who could have helped me, had joined in the pursuit. I could get nobody till five minutes ago; and I've run here all the way."
"The prosecutor was reading, was he?" inquired Fang, after another pause.
"Yes," replied the man. "The very book he has in his hand."
"Oh, that book, eh?" said Fang. "Is it paid for?"
"No, it is not," replied the man, with a smile.
"Dear me, I forgot all about it!" exclaimed the absent old gentleman, innocently.
"A nice person to prefer a charge against a poor boy!" said Fang, with a comical effort to look humane. "I consider, sir, that you have obtained possession of that book, under very suspicious and disreputable circumstances; and you may think yourself very fortunate that the owner of the property declines to prosecute. Let this be a lesson to you, my man, or the law will overtake you yet.
comical - comique
disreputable - peu recommandable
overtake - dépasser, doubler, surprendre
The boy is discharged. Clear the office!"
"D"n me!" cried the old gentleman, bursting out with the rage he had kept down so long, "d"n me! I'll""
"Clear the office!" said the magistrate. "Officers, do you hear? Clear the office!"
The mandate was obeyed; and the indignant Mr. Brownlow was conveyed out, with the book in one hand, and the bamboo cane in the other: in a perfect phrenzy of rage and defiance. He reached the yard; and his passion vanished in a moment.
phrenzy - la frénésie
defiance - défiance, défi
Little Oliver Twist lay on his back on the pavement, with his shirt unbuttoned, and his temples bathed with water; his face a deadly white; and a cold tremble convulsing his whole frame.
unbuttoned - déboutonné, déboutonner
convulsing - des convulsions, convulser
"Poor boy, poor boy!" said Mr. Brownlow, bending over him. "Call a coach, somebody, pray. Directly!"
A coach was obtained, and Oliver having been carefully laid on the seat, the old gentleman got in and sat himself on the other.
"May I accompany you?" said the book-stall keeper, looking in.
"Bless me, yes, my dear sir," said Mr. Brownlow quickly. "I forgot you. Dear, dear! I have this unhappy book still! Jump in. Poor fellow! There's no time to lose."
The book-stall keeper got into the coach; and away they drove.
CHAPTER XII. IN WHICH OLIVER IS TAKEN BETTER CARE OF THAN HE EVER WAS BEFORE. AND IN WHICH THE NARRATIVE REVERTS TO THE MERRY OLD GENTLEMAN AND HIS YOUTHFUL FRIENDS.
reverts - revient, conversion, retomber, retourner, redevenir, renvoyer
youthful - juvénile, jeune
The coach rattled away, over nearly the same ground as that which Oliver had traversed when he first entered London in company with the Dodger; and, turning a different way when it reached the Angel at Islington, stopped at length before a neat house, in a quiet shady street near Pentonville. Here, a bed was prepared, without loss of time, in which Mr.
traversed - traversé, franchir, traverser
shady - ombragé, louche
Brownlow saw his young charge carefully and comfortably deposited; and here, he was tended with a kindness and solicitude that knew no bounds.
comfortably - confortablement, agréablement
solicitude - sollicitude
But, for many days, Oliver remained insensible to all the goodness of his new friends. The sun rose and sank, and rose and sank again, and many times after that; and still the boy lay stretched on his uneasy bed, dwindling away beneath the dry and wasting heat of fever. The worm does not work more surely on the dead body, than does this slow creeping fire upon the living frame.
uneasy - mal a l'aise, inquiet
dwindling - en baisse, diminuer, fondre, s'amenuiser, se tarir
Weak, and thin, and pallid, he awoke at last from what seemed to have been a long and troubled dream. Feebly raising himself in the bed, with his head resting on his trembling arm, he looked anxiously around.
pallid - pâle, blafard
"What room is this? Where have I been brought to?" said Oliver. "This is not the place I went to sleep in."
He uttered these words in a feeble voice, being very faint and weak; but they were overheard at once. The curtain at the bed's head was hastily drawn back, and a motherly old lady, very neatly and precisely dressed, rose as she undrew it, from an arm-chair close by, in which she had been sitting at needle-work.
"Hush, my dear," said the old lady softly. "You must be very quiet, or you will be ill again; and you have been very bad,"as bad as bad could be, pretty nigh. Lie down again; there's a dear!
nigh - nuit, proche, pres
" With those words, the old lady very gently placed Oliver's head upon the pillow; and, smoothing back his hair from his forehead, looked so kindly and loving in his face, that he could not help placing his little withered hand in hers, and drawing it round his neck.
withered - flétrie, (se) faner
"Save us!" said the old lady, with tears in her eyes. "What a grateful little dear it is. Pretty creetur! What would his mother feel if she had sat by him as I have, and could see him now!"
"Perhaps she does see me," whispered Oliver, folding his hands together; "perhaps she has sat by me. I almost feel as if she had."
"That was the fever, my dear," said the old lady mildly.
"I suppose it was," replied Oliver, "because heaven is a long way off; and they are too happy there, to come down to the bedside of a poor boy. But if she knew I was ill, she must have pitied me, even there; for she was very ill herself before she died. She can't know anything about me though," added Oliver after a moment's silence.
bedside - au chevet du malade
"If she had seen me hurt, it would have made her sorrowful; and her face has always looked sweet and happy, when I have dreamed of her."
sorrowful - chagrin
The old lady made no reply to this; but wiping her eyes first, and her spectacles, which lay on the counterpane, afterwards, as if they were part and parcel of those features, brought some cool stuff for Oliver to drink; and then, patting him on the cheek, told him he must lie very quiet, or he would be ill again.
counterpane - contreplaqué, courtepointe
So, Oliver kept very still; partly because he was anxious to obey the kind old lady in all things; and partly, to tell the truth, because he was completely exhausted with what he had already said.
exhausted - épuisé, épuiser, échappement
He soon fell into a gentle doze, from which he was awakened by the light of a candle: which, being brought near the bed, showed him a gentleman with a very large and loud-ticking gold watch in his hand, who felt his pulse, and said he was a great deal better.
doze - dormir, sommeiller
ticking - tic-tac, (tic), tic
"You are a great deal better, are you not, my dear?" said the gentleman.
"Yes, thank you, sir," replied Oliver.
"Yes, I know you are," said the gentleman: "You're hungry too, an't you?"
"No, sir," answered Oliver.
"Hem!" said the gentleman. "No, I know you're not. He is not hungry, Mrs. Bedwin," said the gentleman: looking very wise.
The old lady made a respectful inclination of the head, which seemed to say that she thought the doctor was a very clever man. The doctor appeared much of the same opinion himself.
"You feel sleepy, don't you, my dear?" said the doctor.
sleepy - somnolent, ensommeillé, ensuqué, endormi
"No, sir," replied Oliver.
"No," said the doctor, with a very shrewd and satisfied look. "You're not sleepy. Nor thirsty. Are you?"
shrewd - astucieux, perspicace, sagace, habile, roublard, futé
"Yes, sir, rather thirsty," answered Oliver.
"Just as I expected, Mrs. Bedwin," said the doctor. "It's very natural that he should be thirsty. You may give him a little tea, ma'am, and some dry toast without any butter. Don't keep him too warm, ma'am; but be careful that you don't let him be too cold; will you have the goodness?"
be thirsty - avoir soif
The old lady dropped a curtsey. The doctor, after tasting the cool stuff, and expressing a qualified approval of it, hurried away: his boots creaking in a very important and wealthy manner as he went downstairs.
creaking - grincement, craquement, craquer
Oliver dozed off again, soon after this; when he awoke, it was nearly twelve o'clock. The old lady tenderly bade him good-night shortly afterwards, and left him in charge of a fat old woman who had just come: bringing with her, in a little bundle, a small Prayer Book and a large nightcap.
tenderly - tendrement
nightcap - bonnet de nuit
Putting the latter on her head and the former on the table, the old woman, after telling Oliver that she had come to sit up with him, drew her chair close to the fire and went off into a series of short naps, chequered at frequent intervals with sundry tumblings forward, and divers moans and chokings.
naps - des siestes, sieste, petit somme
sundry - divers
moans - gémissements, gémissement, se plaindre, geindre, gémir, mugir
These, however, had no worse effect than causing her to rub her nose very hard, and then fall asleep again.
And thus the night crept slowly on. Oliver lay awake for some time, counting the little circles of light which the reflection of the rushlight-shade threw upon the ceiling; or tracing with his languid eyes the intricate pattern of the paper on the wall.
rushlight - rushlight
languid - langoureux, languissant
intricate - complexe
The darkness and the deep stillness of the room were very solemn; as they brought into the boy's mind the thought that death had been hovering there, for many days and nights, and might yet fill it with the gloom and dread of his awful presence, he turned his face upon the pillow, and fervently prayed to Heaven.
hovering - en vol stationnaire, éventiller, faire du sur-place, hésiter
fervently - avec ferveur, fervemment
Gradually, he fell into that deep tranquil sleep which ease from recent suffering alone imparts; that calm and peaceful rest which it is pain to wake from. Who, if this were death, would be roused again to all the struggles and turmoils of life; to all its cares for the present; its anxieties for the future; more than all, its weary recollections of the past!
tranquil - tranquille
imparts - transmet, donner, communiquer, transmettre
turmoils - des turbulences, chaos, désordre, tourmente, tumulte
weary - fatigué, las, lasser
It had been bright day, for hours, when Oliver opened his eyes; he felt cheerful and happy. The crisis of the disease was safely past. He belonged to the world again.
In three days'time he was able to sit in an easy-chair, well propped up with pillows; and, as he was still too weak to walk, Mrs. Bedwin had him carried downstairs into the little housekeeper's room, which belonged to her.
propped - étayé, support
pillows - oreillers, oreiller, tetiere
housekeeper - femme de ménage, gouvernante, ménagere
Having him set, here, by the fire-side, the good old lady sat herself down too; and, being in a state of considerable delight at seeing him so much better, forthwith began to cry most violently.
violently - violemment
"Never mind me, my dear," said the old lady; "I'm only having a regular good cry. There; it's all over now; and I'm quite comfortable."
"You're very, very kind to me, ma'am," said Oliver.
"Well, never you mind that, my dear," said the old lady; "that's got nothing to do with your broth; and it's full time you had it; for the doctor says Mr. Brownlow may come in to see you this morning; and we must get up our best looks, because the better we look, the more he'll be pleased.
broth - bouillon, soupe
" And with this, the old lady applied herself to warming up, in a little saucepan, a basin full of broth: strong enough, Oliver thought, to furnish an ample dinner, when reduced to the regulation strength, for three hundred and fifty paupers, at the lowest computation.
furnish - meubler, fournir, livrer
ample - ample
computation - calcul, résultat
"Are you fond of pictures, dear?" inquired the old lady, seeing that Oliver had fixed his eyes, most intently, on a portrait which hung against the wall; just opposite his chair.
"I don't quite know, ma'am," said Oliver, without taking his eyes from the canvas; "I have seen so few that I hardly know. What a beautiful, mild face that lady's is!"
"Ah!" said the old lady, "painters always make ladies out prettier than they are, or they wouldn't get any custom, child. The man that invented the machine for taking likenesses might have known that would never succeed; it's a deal too honest. A deal," said the old lady, laughing very heartily at her own acuteness.
heartily - chaleureusement
"Is"is that a likeness, ma'am?" said Oliver.
"Yes," said the old lady, looking up for a moment from the broth; "that's a portrait."
"Whose, ma'am?" asked Oliver.
"Why, really, my dear, I don't know," answered the old lady in a good-humoured manner. "It's not a likeness of anybody that you or I know, I expect. It seems to strike your fancy, dear."
good-humoured - (good-humoured) de bonne humeur
"It is so pretty," replied Oliver.
"Why, sure you're not afraid of it?" said the old lady: observing in great surprise, the look of awe with which the child regarded the painting.
"Oh no, no," returned Oliver quickly; "but the eyes look so sorrowful; and where I sit, they seem fixed upon me. It makes my heart beat," added Oliver in a low voice, "as if it was alive, and wanted to speak to me, but couldn't."
"Lord save us!" exclaimed the old lady, starting; "don't talk in that way, child. You're weak and nervous after your illness. Let me wheel your chair round to the other side; and then you won't see it. There!" said the old lady, suiting the action to the word; "you don't see it now, at all events."
Oliver did see it in his mind's eye as distinctly as if he had not altered his position; but he thought it better not to worry the kind old lady; so he smiled gently when she looked at him; and Mrs. Bedwin, satisfied that he felt more comfortable, salted and broke bits of toasted bread into the broth, with all the bustle befitting so solemn a preparation.
bustle - l'agitation, affairement, branlebas, remue-ménage, agitation
befitting - convenable, convenir a, etre approprié pour
Oliver got through it with extraordinary expedition. He had scarcely swallowed the last spoonful, when there came a soft rap at the door. "Come in," said the old lady; and in walked Mr. Brownlow.
spoonful - cuillerée
rap - rap, claque
Now, the old gentleman came in as brisk as need be; but, he had no sooner raised his spectacles on his forehead, and thrust his hands behind the skirts of his dressing-gown to take a good long look at Oliver, than his countenance underwent a very great variety of odd contortions.
brisk - animé, vif, stimulant
dressing-gown - (dressing-gown) robe de chambre
contortions - des contorsions, contorsion
Oliver looked very worn and shadowy from sickness, and made an ineffectual attempt to stand up, out of respect to his benefactor, which terminated in his sinking back into the chair again; and the fact is, if the truth must be told, that Mr.
shadowy - ombrageux, sombre
sickness - maladie
ineffectual - inefficace
Brownlow's heart, being large enough for any six ordinary old gentlemen of humane disposition, forced a supply of tears into his eyes, by some hydraulic process which we are not sufficiently philosophical to be in a condition to explain.
disposition - disposition, tempérament
hydraulic - hydraulique
"Poor boy, poor boy!" said Mr. Brownlow, clearing his throat. "I'm rather hoarse this morning, Mrs. Bedwin. I'm afraid I have caught cold."
hoarse - rauque, rugueux
"I hope not, sir," said Mrs. Bedwin. "Everything you have had, has been well aired, sir."
"I don't know, Bedwin. I don't know," said Mr. Brownlow; "I rather think I had a damp napkin at dinner-time yesterday; but never mind that. How do you feel, my dear?"
napkin - serviette de table, serviette
"Very happy, sir," replied Oliver. "And very grateful indeed, sir, for your goodness to me."
"Good boy," said Mr. Brownlow, stoutly. "Have you given him any nourishment, Bedwin? Any slops, eh?"
stoutly - avec acharnement
slops - des déchets, renverser, déborder
"He has just had a basin of beautiful strong broth, sir," replied Mrs. Bedwin: drawing herself up slightly, and laying strong emphasis on the last word: to intimate that between slops, and broth well compounded, there existed no affinity or connection whatsoever.
affinity - affinité
"Ugh!" said Mr. Brownlow, with a slight shudder; "a couple of glasses of port wine would have done him a great deal more good. Wouldn't they, Tom White, eh?"
shudder - frémir, tremblement, frisson, frissonner, trembler
port wine - du vin de Porto
"My name is Oliver, sir," replied the little invalid: with a look of great astonishment.
invalid - invalide, périmé
"Oliver," said Mr. Brownlow; "Oliver what? Oliver White, eh?"
"No, sir, Twist, Oliver Twist."
"Queer name!" said the old gentleman. "What made you tell the magistrate your name was White?"
"I never told him so, sir," returned Oliver in amazement.
This sounded so like a falsehood, that the old gentleman looked somewhat sternly in Oliver's face. It was impossible to doubt him; there was truth in every one of its thin and sharpened lineaments.
falsehood - le mensonge, mensonge
sharpened - aiguisé, affiler, affuter, aiguiser
lineaments - des linéaments, linéament
"Some mistake," said Mr. Brownlow. But, although his motive for looking steadily at Oliver no longer existed, the old idea of the resemblance between his features and some familiar face came upon him so strongly, that he could not withdraw his gaze.
resemblance - ressemblance, comparaison, probabilité
"I hope you are not angry with me, sir?" said Oliver, raising his eyes beseechingly.
beseechingly - avec insistance
"No, no," replied the old gentleman. "Why! what's this? Bedwin, look there!"
As he spoke, he pointed hastily to the picture over Oliver's head, and then to the boy's face. There was its living copy. The eyes, the head, the mouth; every feature was the same. The expression was, for the instant, so precisely alike, that the minutest line seemed copied with startling accuracy!
Oliver knew not the cause of this sudden exclamation; for, not being strong enough to bear the start it gave him, he fainted away. A weakness on his part, which affords the narrative an opportunity of relieving the reader from suspense, in behalf of the two young pupils of the Merry Old Gentleman; and of recording"
exclamation - exclamation
fainted - s'est évanoui, faible, léger
suspense - suspension, suspense, angoisse, anxiété, appréhension
That when the Dodger, and his accomplished friend Master Bates, joined in the hue-and-cry which was raised at Oliver's heels, in consequence of their executing an illegal conveyance of Mr.
Brownlow's personal property, as has been already described, they were actuated by a very laudable and becoming regard for themselves; and forasmuch as the freedom of the subject and the liberty of the individual are among the first and proudest boasts of a true-hearted Englishman, so, I need hardly beg the reader to observe, that this action should tend to exalt them in the opinion of all public and patriotic men, in almost as great a degree as this strong proof of their anxiety for their own preservation and safety goes to corroborate and confirm the little code of laws which certain profound and sound-judging philosophers have laid down as the main-springs of all Nature's deeds and actions: the said philosophers very wisely reducing the good lady's proceedings to matters of maxim and theory: and, by a very neat and pretty compliment to her exalted wisdom and understanding, putting entirely out of sight any considerations of heart, or generous impulse and feeling. For, these are matters totally beneath a female who is acknowledged by universal admission to be far above the numerous little foibles and weaknesses of her sex.
laudable - louable
forasmuch - pour autant
Englishman - Anglais
patriotic - patriotique
corroborate - corroborer
wisely - a bon escient, sagement, savamment
maxim - maxime, sentence
foibles - des faiblesses, travers, faiblesse, faible
If I wanted any further proof of the strictly philosophical nature of the conduct of these young gentlemen in their very delicate predicament, I should at once find it in the fact (also recorded in a foregoing part of this narrative), of their quitting the pursuit, when the general attention was fixed upon Oliver; and making immediately for their home by the shortest possible cut.
predicament - catégorie, classe, prédicament, situation difficile
foregoing - qui précede, (forego) qui précede
Although I do not mean to assert that it is usually the practice of renowned and learned sages, to shorten the road to any great conclusion (their course indeed being rather to lengthen the distance, by various circumlocutions and discursive staggerings, like unto those in which drunken men under the pressure of a too mighty flow of ideas, are prone to indulge); still, I do mean to say, and do say distinctly, that it is the invariable practice of many mighty philosophers, in carrying out their theories, to evince great wisdom and foresight in providing against every possible contingency which can be supposed at all likely to affect themselves. Thus, to do a great right, you may do a little wrong; and you may take any means which the end to be attained, will justify; the amount of the right, or the amount of the wrong, or indeed the distinction between the two, being left entirely to the philosopher concerned, to be settled and determined by his clear, comprehensive, and impartial view of his own particular case.
sages - sages, sauge
shorten - raccourcir, écourter
lengthen - rallonger
circumlocutions - des circonlocutions, périphrase, circonlocution
discursive - discursive
unto - unto
prone - prone, couché sur le ventre, enclin, prédisposé
invariable - invariable
evince - evince, montrer, prouver
foresight - la prévoyance, clairvoyance, prévoyance, prescience
contingency - l'éventualité, contingence, éventualité
impartial - impartiale
It was not until the two boys had scoured, with great rapidity, through a most intricate maze of narrow streets and courts, that they ventured to halt beneath a low and dark archway.
scoured - nettoyée, récurer
maze - labyrinthe, dédale
Having remained silent here, just long enough to recover breath to speak, Master Bates uttered an exclamation of amusement and delight; and, bursting into an uncontrollable fit of laughter, flung himself upon a doorstep, and rolled thereon in a transport of mirth.
uncontrollable - incontrôlable
doorstep - le pas de la porte, seuil
"What's the matter?" inquired the Dodger.
"Ha! ha! ha!" roared Charley Bates.
roared - a rugi, rugir, hurler, s'esclaffer, rire aux éclats
"Hold your noise," remonstrated the Dodger, looking cautiously round. "Do you want to be grabbed, stupid?"
"I can't help it," said Charley, "I can't help it! To see him splitting away at that pace, and cutting round the corners, and knocking up again'the posts, and starting on again as if he was made of iron as well as them, and me with the wipe in my pocket, singing out arter him"oh, my eye!" The vivid imagination of Master Bates presented the scene before him in too strong colours.
I can't help it - Je ne peux pas m'en empecher
knocking up - en train de frapper
As he arrived at this apostrophe, he again rolled upon the door-step, and laughed louder than before.
apostrophe - apostrophe
"What'll Fagin say?" inquired the Dodger; taking advantage of the next interval of breathlessness on the part of his friend to propound the question.
breathlessness - l'essoufflement, essoufflement, haletement
propound - proposer
"What?" repeated Charley Bates.
"Ah, what?" said the Dodger.
"Why, what should he say?" inquired Charley: stopping rather suddenly in his merriment; for the Dodger's manner was impressive. "What should he say?"
Mr. Dawkins whistled for a couple of minutes; then, taking off his hat, scratched his head, and nodded thrice.
thrice - trois fois
"What do you mean?" said Charley.
"Toor rul lol loo, gammon and spinnage, the frog he wouldn't, and high cockolorum," said the Dodger: with a slight sneer on his intellectual countenance.
loo - loo, toilettes
gammon - du gammon, jambon fumé
spinnage - spinnage
This was explanatory, but not satisfactory. Master Bates felt it so; and again said, "What do you mean?"
explanatory - explicatif
satisfactory - satisfaisante, satisfaisant
The Dodger made no reply; but putting his hat on again, and gathering the skirts of his long-tailed coat under his arm, thrust his tongue into his cheek, slapped the bridge of his nose some half-dozen times in a familiar but expressive manner, and turning on his heel, slunk down the court. Master Bates followed, with a thoughtful countenance.
The noise of footsteps on the creaking stairs, a few minutes after the occurrence of this conversation, roused the merry old gentleman as he sat over the fire with a saveloy and a small loaf in his hand; a pocket-knife in his right; and a pewter pot on the trivet.
Footsteps - des pas, empreinte, trace de pas, pas, bruit de pas, marche
saveloy - cervelas
pocket-knife - (pocket-knife) couteau de poche
trivet - dessous de plat, trépied, dessous-delat
There was a rascally smile on his white face as he turned round, and looking sharply out from under his thick red eyebrows, bent his ear towards the door, and listened.
rascally - coquine
eyebrows - sourcils, sourcil
"Why, how's this?" muttered the Jew: changing countenance; "only two of 'em? Where's the third? They can't have got into trouble. Hark!"
Hark - hark
The footsteps approached nearer; they reached the landing. The door was slowly opened; and the Dodger and Charley Bates entered, closing it behind them.
CHAPTER XIII. SOME NEW ACQUAINTANCES ARE INTRODUCED TO THE INTELLIGENT READER, CONNECTED WITH WHOM VARIOUS PLEASANT MATTERS ARE RELATED, APPERTAINING TO THIS HISTORY
acquaintances - des connaissances, relation, qualifier
appertaining - en rapport, appartenir
"Where's Oliver?" said the Jew, rising with a menacing look. "Where's the boy?"
menacing - menaçante, menace
The young thieves eyed their preceptor as if they were alarmed at his violence; and looked uneasily at each other. But they made no reply.
preceptor - précepteur
"What's become of the boy?" said the Jew, seizing the Dodger tightly by the collar, and threatening him with horrid imprecations. "Speak out, or I'll throttle you!"
horrid - horribles, affreux, horrible, exécrable, désagréable
imprecations - des imprécations, exécrer, maudire
throttle - l'accélérateur, mettre au ralenti
Mr. Fagin looked so very much in earnest, that Charley Bates, who deemed it prudent in all cases to be on the safe side, and who conceived it by no means improbable that it might be his turn to be throttled second, dropped upon his knees, and raised a loud, well-sustained, and continuous roar"something between a mad bull and a speaking trumpet.
throttled - étranglé, accélérateur, arrivée de gaz
roar - rugir, hurler, s'esclaffer, rire aux éclats
Bull - le taureau, taureau
trumpet - trompette, trompettiste, barrissement, jouer de la trompette
"Will you speak?" thundered the Jew: shaking the Dodger so much that his keeping in the big coat at all, seemed perfectly miraculous.
thundered - tonné, tonnerre, tonner, tonitruer
miraculous - miraculeux
"Why, the traps have got him, and that's all about it," said the Dodger, sullenly. "Come, let go o'me, will you!
sullenly - maussade
" And, swinging himself, at one jerk, clean out of the big coat, which he left in the Jew's hands, the Dodger snatched up the toasting fork, and made a pass at the merry old gentleman's waistcoat; which, if it had taken effect, would have let a little more merriment out than could have been easily replaced.
jerk - con, par secousse, soubresaut
snatched - arraché, empoigner, happer, saisir, arracher, enlever
The Jew stepped back in this emergency, with more agility than could have been anticipated in a man of his apparent decrepitude; and, seizing up the pot, prepared to hurl it at his assailant's head. But Charley Bates, at this moment, calling his attention by a perfectly terrific howl, he suddenly altered its destination, and flung it full at that young gentleman.
agility - l'agilité, agilité
hurl - hurler, projeter, débecter, débecqueter
assailant - l'agresseur, agresseur, assaillant
howl - hurlement, hurler
"Why, what the blazes is in the wind now!" growled a deep voice. "Who pitched that 'ere at me? It's well it's the beer, and not the pot, as hit me, or I'd have settled somebody. I might have know'd, as nobody but an infernal, rich, plundering, thundering old Jew could afford to throw away any drink but water"and not that, unless he done the River Company every quarter. Wot's it all about, Fagin?
blazes - blazes, feu, embrasement
infernal - infernal
plundering - le pillage, piller, fr
thundering - le tonnerre, tonitruant, tonitruante, (thunder), tonnerre
D"me, if my neck-handkercher an't lined with beer! Come in, you sneaking warmint; wot are you stopping outside for, as if you was ashamed of your master! Come in!"
handkercher - handkercher
sneaking - en cachette, resquilleur, faucher, piquer, resquiller, cacher
The man who growled out these words, was a stoutly-built fellow of about five-and-thirty, in a black velveteen coat, very soiled drab breeches, lace-up half boots, and grey cotton stockings which inclosed a bulky pair of legs, with large swelling calves;"the kind of legs, which in such costume, always look in an unfinished and incomplete state without a set of fetters to garnish them.
velveteen - velveteen, velours
lace-up - (lace-up) Lacer (ses chaussures )
bulky - gros, corpulent ('of a person'), volumineux, encombrant
calves - veaux, veler, mettre bas, aider le velage
incomplete - incomplete
fetters - des entraves, entrave, fers-p, obstacle, entraver
garnish - garnir, garniture
He had a brown hat on his head, and a dirty belcher handkerchief round his neck: with the long frayed ends of which he smeared the beer from his face as he spoke. He disclosed, when he had done so, a broad heavy countenance with a beard of three days'growth, and two scowling eyes; one of which displayed various parti-coloured symptoms of having been recently damaged by a blow.
frayed - effiloché, (s')effilocher
smeared - étalé, badigeonner, couvrir, diffamer, trace, traînée
parti - parti
"Come in, d'ye hear?" growled this engaging ruffian.
A white shaggy dog, with his face scratched and torn in twenty different places, skulked into the room.
shaggy - hirsute
"Why didn't you come in afore?" said the man. "You're getting too proud to own me afore company, are you? Lie down!"
This command was accompanied with a kick, which sent the animal to the other end of the room. He appeared well used to it, however; for he coiled himself up in a corner very quietly, without uttering a sound, and winking his very ill-looking eyes twenty times in a minute, appeared to occupy himself in taking a survey of the apartment.
coiled - enroulé, enrouler
uttering - prononcer, (utter) prononcer
winking - clin d'oil, (wink) clin d'oil
"What are you up to? Ill-treating the boys, you covetous, avaricious, in-sa-ti-a-ble old fence?" said the man, seating himself deliberately. "I wonder they don't murder you! I would if I was them.
covetous - convoiteux
avaricious - avaricieux, avare
ti - Ti
If I'd been your 'prentice, I'd have done it long ago, and"no, I couldn't have sold you afterwards, for you're fit for nothing but keeping as a curiousity of ugliness in a glass bottle, and I suppose they don't blow glass bottles large enough."
ugliness - la laideur, laideur
"Hush! hush! Mr. Sikes," said the Jew, trembling; "don't speak so loud!"
"None of your mistering," replied the ruffian; "you always mean mischief when you come that. You know my name: out with it! I shan't disgrace it when the time comes."
mischief - méfaits, espieglerie, betise, polissonnerie, méfait
disgrace - la disgrâce, honte, disgrâce, ignominie
"Well, well, then"Bill Sikes," said the Jew, with abject humility. "You seem out of humour, Bill."
abject - abject, dédaigneux
"Perhaps I am," replied Sikes; "I should think you was rather out of sorts too, unless you mean as little harm when you throw pewter pots about, as you do when you blab and""
blab - blab
"Are you mad?" said the Jew, catching the man by the sleeve, and pointing towards the boys.
Mr. Sikes contented himself with tying an imaginary knot under his left ear, and jerking his head over on the right shoulder; a piece of dumb show which the Jew appeared to understand perfectly. He then, in cant terms, with which his whole conversation was plentifully besprinkled, but which would be quite unintelligible if they were recorded here, demanded a glass of liquor.
jerking - par a-coups, (jerk) par a-coups
dumb show - Un spectacle débile
cant - cant, langage hypocrite
plentifully - abondamment
unintelligible - inintelligible
liquor - l'alcool, spiritueux
"And mind you don't poison it," said Mr. Sikes, laying his hat upon the table.
This was said in jest; but if the speaker could have seen the evil leer with which the Jew bit his pale lip as he turned round to the cupboard, he might have thought the caution not wholly unnecessary, or the wish (at all events) to improve upon the distiller's ingenuity not very far from the old gentleman's merry heart.
jest - jest, plaisanter
distiller - distillateur, alambic
ingenuity - l'ingéniosité, ingéniosité
After swallowing two of three glasses of spirits, Mr. Sikes condescended to take some notice of the young gentlemen; which gracious act led to a conversation, in which the cause and manner of Oliver's capture were circumstantially detailed, with such alterations and improvements on the truth, as to the Dodger appeared most advisable under the circumstances.
circumstantially - de maniere circonstancielle
alterations - des modifications, altération, altérer
"I'm afraid," said the Jew, "that he may say something which will get us into trouble."
"That's very likely," returned Sikes with a malicious grin. "You're blowed upon, Fagin."
"And I'm afraid, you see," added the Jew, speaking as if he had not noticed the interruption; and regarding the other closely as he did so,""I'm afraid that, if the game was up with us, it might be up with a good many more, and that it would come out rather worse for you than it would for me, my dear."
interruption - interruption
I'm afraid that - J'ai peur que..
The man started, and turned round upon the Jew. But the old gentleman's shoulders were shrugged up to his ears; and his eyes were vacantly staring on the opposite wall.
There was a long pause. Every member of the respectable coterie appeared plunged in his own reflections; not excepting the dog, who by a certain malicious licking of his lips seemed to be meditating an attack upon the legs of the first gentleman or lady he might encounter in the streets when he went out.
coterie - coterie
licking - lécher, léchage, (lick) lécher
meditating - méditer
"Somebody must find out wot's been done at the office," said Mr. Sikes in a much lower tone than he had taken since he came in.
The Jew nodded assent.
"If he hasn't peached, and is committed, there's no fear till he comes out again," said Mr. Sikes, "and then he must be taken care on. You must get hold of him somehow."
peached - peché, (de) peche
Again the Jew nodded.
The prudence of this line of action, indeed, was obvious; but, unfortunately, there was one very strong objection to its being adopted. This was, that the Dodger, and Charley Bates, and Fagin, and Mr. William Sikes, happened, one and all, to entertain a violent and deeply-rooted antipathy to going near a police-office on any ground or pretext whatever.
William - william, Guillaume
antipathy - l'antipathie, antipathie
pretext - prétexte
How long they might have sat and looked at each other, in a state of uncertainty not the most pleasant of its kind, it is difficult to guess. It is not necessary to make any guesses on the subject, however; for the sudden entrance of the two young ladies whom Oliver had seen on a former occasion, caused the conversation to flow afresh.
most pleasant - le plus agréable
afresh - nouveau, a nouveau
"The very thing!" said the Jew. "Bet will go; won't you, my dear?"
"Wheres?" inquired the young lady.
"Only just up to the office, my dear," said the Jew coaxingly.
coaxingly - avec insistance
It is due to the young lady to say that she did not positively affirm that she would not, but that she merely expressed an emphatic and earnest desire to be "blessed" if she would; a polite and delicate evasion of the request, which shows the young lady to have been possessed of that natural good breeding which cannot bear to inflict upon a fellow-creature, the pain of a direct and pointed refusal.
emphatic - emphatique
evasion - évasion, esquive
The Jew's countenance fell. He turned from this young lady, who was gaily, not to say gorgeously attired, in a red gown, green boots, and yellow curl-papers, to the other female.
gaily - gaiement
curl - boucle, rotationnel, boucler
"Nancy, my dear," said the Jew in a soothing manner, "what do you say?"
soothing - apaisant, pacifiant, rassurant, (sooth)
"That it won't do; so It's no use a-trying it on, Fagin," replied Nancy.
It's no use - Ça ne sert a rien
"What do you mean by that?" said Mr. Sikes, looking up in a surly manner.
"What I say, Bill," replied the lady collectedly.
collectedly - avec recueillement
"Why, you're just the very person for it," reasoned Mr. Sikes: "nobody about here knows anything of you."
"And as I don't want 'em to, neither," replied Nancy in the same composed manner, "it's rather more no than yes with me, Bill."
"She'll go, Fagin," said Sikes.
"No, she won't, Fagin," said Nancy.
she won't - elle ne le fera pas
"Yes, she will, Fagin," said Sikes.
And Mr. Sikes was right. By dint of alternate threats, promises, and bribes, the lady in question was ultimately prevailed upon to undertake the commission.
dint - n'a pas, bosse
alternate - alternatif, alternative, alterner
bribes - des pots-de-vin, pot-de-vin, verser un pot-de-vin, soudoyer
She was not, indeed, withheld by the same considerations as her agreeable friend; for, having recently removed into the neighborhood of Field Lane from the remote but genteel suburb of Ratcliffe, she was not under the same apprehension of being recognised by any of her numerous acquaintances.
withheld - retenu, retenir
genteel - gentillesse, a la mode
Accordingly, with a clean white apron tied over her gown, and her curl-papers tucked up under a straw bonnet,"both articles of dress being provided from the Jew's inexhaustible stock,"Miss Nancy prepared to issue forth on her errand.
tucked - tucked, rempli
bonnet - bonnet, orth America, casquette, béret, capot
inexhaustible - inépuisable
"Stop a minute, my dear," said the Jew, producing, a little covered basket. "Carry that in one hand. It looks more respectable, my dear."
more respectable - plus respectable
"Give her a door-key to carry in her t'other one, Fagin," said Sikes; "it looks real and genivine like."
"Yes, yes, my dear, so it does," said the Jew, hanging a large street-door key on the forefinger of the young lady's right hand.
"There; very good! Very good indeed, my dear!" said the Jew, rubbing his hands.
"Oh, my brother! My poor, dear, sweet, innocent little brother!" exclaimed Nancy, bursting into tears, and wringing the little basket and the street-door key in an agony of distress. "What has become of him! Where have they taken him to! Oh, do have pity, and tell me what's been done with the dear boy, gentlemen; do, gentlemen, if you please, gentlemen!"
wringing - tordant, (wring) tordant
Having uttered those words in a most lamentable and heart-broken tone: to the immeasurable delight of her hearers: Miss Nancy paused, winked to the company, nodded smilingly round, and disappeared.
lamentable - lamentable
immeasurable - incommensurable
smilingly - en souriant
"Ah, she's a clever girl, my dears," said the Jew, turning round to his young friends, and shaking his head gravely, as if in mute admonition to them to follow the bright example they had just beheld.
gravely - gravement
"She's a honour to her sex," said Mr. Sikes, filling his glass, and smiting the table with his enormous fist. "Here's her health, and wishing they was all like her!"
smiting - la bastonnade, frapper
While these, and many other encomiums, were being passed on the accomplished Nancy, that young lady made the best of her way to the police-office; whither, notwithstanding a little natural timidity consequent upon walking through the streets alone and unprotected, she arrived in perfect safety shortly afterwards.
timidity - timidité
consequent - conséquent
Entering by the back way, she tapped softly with the key at one of the cell-doors, and listened. There was no sound within: so she coughed and listened again. Still there was no reply: so she spoke.
"Nolly, dear?" murmured Nancy in a gentle voice; "Nolly?"
There was nobody inside but a miserable shoeless criminal, who had been taken up for playing the flute, and who, the offence against society having been clearly proved, had been very properly committed by Mr.
shoeless - sans chaussures
flute - flute
Fang to the House of Correction for one month; with the appropriate and amusing remark that since he had so much breath to spare, it would be more wholesomely expended on the treadmill than in a musical instrument.
wholesomely - sainement
expended - dépensés, dépenser
Treadmill - tapis roulant, tapis de course, roue de carrier
He made no answer: being occupied mentally bewailing the loss of the flute, which had been confiscated for the use of the county: so Nancy passed on to the next cell, and knocked there.
confiscated - confisqués, confisquer
"Well!" cried a faint and feeble voice.
"Is there a little boy here?" inquired Nancy, with a preliminary sob.
sob - sanglot, fdp
"No," replied the voice; "God forbid."
This was a vagrant of sixty-five, who was going to prison for not playing the flute; or, in other words, for begging in the streets, and doing nothing for his livelihood. In the next cell was another man, who was going to the same prison for hawking tin saucepans without license; thereby doing something for his living, in defiance of the Stamp-office.
vagrant - vagabond, itinérant/-e, vagabond/-e
livelihood - moyens de subsistance, gagneain, subsistance
hawking - hawking, (hawk) hawking
saucepans - casseroles, casserole
But, as neither of these criminals answered to the name of Oliver, or knew anything about him, Nancy made straight up to the bluff officer in the striped waistcoat; and with the most piteous wailings and lamentations, rendered more piteous by a prompt and efficient use of the street-door key and the little basket, demanded her own dear brother.
"I haven't got him, my dear," said the old man.
"Where is he?" screamed Nancy, in a distracted manner.
"Why, the gentleman's got him," replied the officer.
"What gentleman! Oh, gracious heavens! What gentleman?" exclaimed Nancy.
In reply to this incoherent questioning, the old man informed the deeply affected sister that Oliver had been taken ill in the office, and discharged in consequence of a witness having proved the robbery to have been committed by another boy, not in custody; and that the prosecutor had carried him away, in an insensible condition, to his own residence: of and concerning which, all the informant knew was, that it was somewhere in Pentonville, he having heard that word mentioned in the directions to the coachman.
incoherent - incohérent
informant - informateur, informatrice
coachman - cocher
In a dreadful state of doubt and uncertainty, the agonised young woman staggered to the gate, and then, exchanging her faltering walk for a swift run, returned by the most devious and complicated route she could think of, to the domicile of the Jew.
faltering - en perte de vitesse, (falter), vaciller
swift - rapide, martinet, dévidoir
most devious - le plus sournois
domicile - domicile
Mr. Bill Sikes no sooner heard the account of the expedition delivered, than he very hastily called up the white dog, and, putting on his hat, expeditiously departed: without devoting any time to the formality of wishing the company good-morning.
expeditiously - rapidement
formality - formalité
"We must know where he is, my dears; he must be found," said the Jew greatly excited. "Charley, do nothing but skulk about, till you bring home some news of him! Nancy, my dear, I must have him found. I trust to you, my dear,"to you and the Artful for everything! Stay, stay," added the Jew, unlocking a drawer with a shaking hand; "there's money, my dears. I shall shut up this shop to-night.
skulk - skulk, se cacher
unlocking - déverrouillage, déverrouiller, débloquer
drawer - tiroir, souscripteur
You'll know where to find me! Don't stop here a minute. Not an instant, my dears!"
With these words, he pushed them from the room: and carefully double-locking and barring the door behind them, drew from its place of concealment the box which he had unintentionally disclosed to Oliver. Then, he hastily proceeded to dispose the watches and jewellery beneath his clothing.
concealment - dissimulation
unintentionally - involontairement
A rap at the door startled him in this occupation. "Who's there?" he cried in a shrill tone.
shrill - strident, criard
"Me!" replied the voice of the Dodger, through the key-hole.
"What now?" cried the Jew impatiently.
impatiently - avec impatience
"Is he to be kidnapped to the other ken, Nancy says?" inquired the Dodger.
ken - ken
"Yes," replied the Jew, "wherever she lays hands on him. Find him, find him out, that's all. I shall know what to do next; never fear."
The boy murmured a reply of intelligence: and hurried downstairs after his companions.
"He has not peached so far," said the Jew as he pursued his occupation. "If he means to blab us among his new friends, we may stop his mouth yet."
CHAPTER XIV. COMPRISING FURTHER PARTICULARS OF OLIVER'S STAY AT MR. BROWNLOW'S, WITH THE REMARKABLE PREDICTION WHICH ONE MR. GRIMWIG UTTERED CONCERNING HIM, WHEN HE WENT OUT ON AN ERRAND
Oliver soon recovering from the fainting-fit into which Mr. Brownlow's abrupt exclamation had thrown him, the subject of the picture was carefully avoided, both by the old gentleman and Mrs. Bedwin, in the conversation that ensued: which indeed bore no reference to Oliver's history or prospects, but was confined to such topics as might amuse without exciting him.
abrupt - abrupt, brusque, precipité
amuse - amuser
He was still too weak to get up to breakfast; but, when he came down into the housekeeper's room next day, his first act was to cast an eager glance at the wall, in the hope of again looking on the face of the beautiful lady. His expectations were disappointed, however, for the picture had been removed.
"Ah!" said the housekeeper, watching the direction of Oliver's eyes. "It is gone, you see."
"I see it is ma'am," replied Oliver. "Why have they taken it away?"
"It has been taken down, child, because Mr. Brownlow said, that as it seemed to worry you, perhaps it might prevent your getting well, you know," rejoined the old lady.
"Oh, no, indeed. It didn't worry me, ma'am," said Oliver. "I liked to see it. I quite loved it."
"Well, well!" said the old lady, good-humouredly; "you get well as fast as ever you can, dear, and it shall be hung up again. There! I promise you that! Now, let us talk about something else."
humouredly - avec humour
This was all the information Oliver could obtain about the picture at that time.
As the old lady had been so kind to him in his illness, he endeavoured to think no more of the subject just then; so he listened attentively to a great many stories she told him, about an amiable and handsome daughter of hers, who was married to an amiable and handsome man, and lived in the country; and about a son, who was clerk to a merchant in the West Indies; and who was, also, such a good young man, and wrote such dutiful letters home four times a-year, that it brought the tears into her eyes to talk about them. When the old lady had expatiated, a long time, on the excellences of her children, and the merits of her kind good husband besides, who had been dead and gone, poor dear soul! just six-and-twenty years, it was time to have tea. After tea she began to teach Oliver cribbage: which he learnt as quickly as she could teach: and at which game they played, with great interest and gravity, until it was time for the invalid to have some warm wine and water, with a slice of dry toast, and then to go cosily to bed.
listened attentively - écouté attentivement
handsome - beau
dutiful - consciencieux
expatiated - expliqué, parler longuement, appesentir sur quelque chose
have tea - prendre du thé
cribbage - le cribbage, crib
They were happy days, those of Oliver's recovery. Everything was so quiet, and neat, and orderly; everybody so kind and gentle; that after the noise and turbulence in the midst of which he had always lived, it seemed like Heaven itself. He was no sooner strong enough to put his clothes on, properly, than Mr.
orderly - ordonné, planton
turbulence - turbulences, turbulence
Brownlow caused a complete new suit, and a new cap, and a new pair of shoes, to be provided for him. As Oliver was told that he might do what he liked with the old clothes, he gave them to a servant who had been very kind to him, and asked her to sell them to a Jew, and keep the money for herself.
This she very readily did; and, as Oliver looked out of the parlour window, and saw the Jew roll them up in his bag and walk away, he felt quite delighted to think that they were safely gone, and that there was now no possible danger of his ever being able to wear them again. They were sad rags, to tell the truth; and Oliver had never had a new suit before.
One evening, about a week after the affair of the picture, as he was sitting talking to Mrs. Bedwin, there came a message down from Mr. Brownlow, that if Oliver Twist felt pretty well, he should like to see him in his study, and talk to him a little while.
"Bless us, and save us! Wash your hands, and let me part your hair nicely for you, child," said Mrs. Bedwin. "Dear heart alive! If we had known he would have asked for you, we would have put you a clean collar on, and made you as smart as sixpence!"
sixpence - six pence, sixpence
Oliver did as the old lady bade him; and, although she lamented grievously, meanwhile, that there was not even time to crimp the little frill that bordered his shirt-collar; he looked so delicate and handsome, despite that important personal advantage, that she went so far as to say: looking at him with great complacency from head to foot, that she really didn't think it would have been possible, on the longest notice, to have made much difference in him for the better.
lamented - s'est lamentée, lamentation, complainte, se lamenter, plaindre
grievously - gravement, grievement
crimp - sertissage
frill - fioritures, friser
complacency - l'autosatisfaction, suffisance, complaisance
Thus encouraged, Oliver tapped at the study door. On Mr. Brownlow calling to him to come in, he found himself in a little back room, quite full of books, with a window, looking into some pleasant little gardens. There was a table drawn up before the window, at which Mr. Brownlow was seated reading.
When he saw Oliver, he pushed the book away from him, and told him to come near the table, and sit down. Oliver complied; marvelling where the people could be found to read such a great number of books as seemed to be written to make the world wiser. Which is still a marvel to more experienced people than Oliver Twist, every day of their lives.
marvelling - l'émerveillement, (marvel), etre
"There are a good many books, are there not, my boy?" said Mr. Brownlow, observing the curiosity with which Oliver surveyed the shelves that reached from the floor to the ceiling.
"A great number, sir," replied Oliver. "I never saw so many."
"You shall read them, if you behave well," said the old gentleman kindly; "and you will like that, better than looking at the outsides,"that is, some cases; because there are books of which the backs and covers are by far the best parts."
"I suppose they are those heavy ones, sir," said Oliver, pointing to some large quartos, with a good deal of gilding about the binding.
"Not always those," said the old gentleman, patting Oliver on the head, and smiling as he did so; "there are other equally heavy ones, though of a much smaller size. How should you like to grow up a clever man, and write books, eh?"
"I think I would rather read them, sir," replied Oliver.
"What! wouldn't you like to be a book-writer?" said the old gentleman.
Oliver considered a little while; and at last said, he should think it would be a much better thing to be a book-seller; upon which the old gentleman laughed heartily, and declared he had said a very good thing. Which Oliver felt glad to have done, though he by no means knew what it was.
seller - vendeur, vendeur/-deuse
"Well, well," said the old gentleman, composing his features. "Don't be afraid! We won't make an author of you, while there's an honest trade to be learnt, or brick-making to turn to."
"Thank you, sir," said Oliver. At the earnest manner of his reply, the old gentleman laughed again; and said something about a curious instinct, which Oliver, not understanding, paid no very great attention to.
"Now," said Mr. Brownlow, speaking if possible in a kinder, but at the same time in a much more serious manner, than Oliver had ever known him assume yet, "I want you to pay great attention, my boy, to what I am going to say. I shall talk to you without any reserve; because I am sure you are well able to understand me, as many older persons would be."
"Oh, don't tell you are going to send me away, sir, pray!" exclaimed Oliver, alarmed at the serious tone of the old gentleman's commencement! "Don't turn me out of doors to wander in the streets again. Let me stay here, and be a servant. Don't send me back to the wretched place I came from. Have mercy upon a poor boy, sir!"
commencement - l'inauguration, commencement, début
"My dear child," said the old gentleman, moved by the warmth of Oliver's sudden appeal; "you need not be afraid of my deserting you, unless you give me cause."
"I never, never will, sir," interposed Oliver.
"I hope not," rejoined the old gentleman. "I do not think you ever will. I have been deceived, before, in the objects whom I have endeavoured to benefit; but I feel strongly disposed to trust you, nevertheless; and I am more interested in your behalf than I can well account for, even to myself.
deceived - trompé, tromper, leurrer, séduire
The persons on whom I have bestowed my dearest love, lie deep in their graves; but, although the happiness and delight of my life lie buried there too, I have not made a coffin of my heart, and sealed it up, forever, on my best affections. Deep affliction has but strengthened and refined them."
affliction - affliction, détresse
refined - raffiné, raffiner, fr
As the old gentleman said this in a low voice: more to himself than to his companion: and as he remained silent for a short time afterwards: Oliver sat quite still.
"Well, well!" said the old gentleman at length, in a more cheerful tone, "I only say this, because you have a young heart; and knowing that I have suffered great pain and sorrow, you will be more careful, perhaps, not to wound me again. You say you are an orphan, without a friend in the world; all the inquiries I have been able to make, confirm the statement.
more cheerful - plus joyeux
Let me hear your story; where you come from; who brought you up; and how you got into the company in which I found you. Speak the truth, and you shall not be friendless while I live."
Oliver's sobs checked his utterance for some minutes; when he was on the point of beginning to relate how he had been brought up at the farm, and carried to the workhouse by Mr. Bumble, a peculiarly impatient little double-knock was heard at the street-door: and the servant, running upstairs, announced Mr. Grimwig.
utterance - énoncé
"Is he coming up?" inquired Mr. Brownlow.
"Yes, sir," replied the servant. "He asked if there were any muffins in the house; and, when I told him yes, he said he had come to tea."
muffins - muffins, muffin
Mr. Brownlow smiled; and, turning to Oliver, said that Mr. Grimwig was an old friend of his, and he must not mind his being a little rough in his manners; for he was a worthy creature at bottom, as he had reason to know.
"Shall I go downstairs, sir?" inquired Oliver.
"No," replied Mr. Brownlow, "I would rather you remained here."
At this moment, there walked into the room: supporting himself by a thick stick: a stout old gentleman, rather lame in one leg, who was dressed in a blue coat, striped waistcoat, nankeen breeches and gaiters, and a broad-brimmed white hat, with the sides turned up with green.
lame - boiteux
Nankeen - nankeen
brimmed - a rebord, bord
A very small-plaited shirt frill stuck out from his waistcoat; and a very long steel watch-chain, with nothing but a key at the end, dangled loosely below it. The ends of his white neckerchief were twisted into a ball about the size of an orange; the variety of shapes into which his countenance was twisted, defy description.
plaited - tressé, pli
dangled - pendue, pendre, pendouiller
neckerchief - un mouchoir de poche, foulard
defy description - Défier la description
He had a manner of screwing his head on one side when he spoke; and of looking out of the corners of his eyes at the same time: which irresistibly reminded the beholder of a parrot. In this attitude, he fixed himself, the moment he made his appearance; and, holding out a small piece of orange-peel at arm's length, exclaimed, in a growling, discontented voice.
irresistibly - irrésistiblement
beholder - le contemplateur, regardeur, observateur
parrot - perroquet, perroqueter, perrucher
peel - peler, pelent, pelage, coque, pelons, pelez
growling - grognement, (growl), feulement, borborygme
discontented - mécontents, mécontentement, frrotestation
"Look here! do you see this! Isn't it a most wonderful and extraordinary thing that I can't call at a man's house but I find a piece of this poor surgeon's friend on the staircase? I've been lamed with orange-peel once, and I know orange-peel will be my death, or I'll be content to eat my own head, sir!"
lamed - lamed, (lam) lamed
content - contenu, satisfait, contentement
This was the handsome offer with which Mr. Grimwig backed and confirmed nearly every assertion he made; and it was the more singular in his case, because, even admitting for the sake of argument, the possibility of scientific improvements being brought to that pass which will enable a gentleman to eat his own head in the event of his being so disposed, Mr.
singular - singulier
Grimwig's head was such a particularly large one, that the most sanguine man alive could hardly entertain a hope of being able to get through it at a sitting"to put entirely out of the question, a very thick coating of powder.
"I'll eat my head, sir," repeated Mr. Grimwig, striking his stick upon the ground. "Hallo! what's that!" looking at Oliver, and retreating a pace or two.
Hallo - bonjour, salut
"This is young Oliver Twist, whom we were speaking about," said Mr. Brownlow.
"You don't mean to say that's the boy who had the fever, I hope?" said Mr. Grimwig, recoiling a little more. "Wait a minute! Don't speak! Stop"" continued Mr. Grimwig, abruptly, losing all dread of the fever in his triumph at the discovery; "that's the boy who had the orange!
recoiling - recul, reculer
If that's not the boy, sir, who had the orange, and threw this bit of peel upon the staircase, I'll eat my head, and his too."
"No, no, he has not had one," said Mr. Brownlow, laughing. "Come! Put down your hat; and speak to my young friend."
"I feel strongly on this subject, sir," said the irritable old gentleman, drawing off his gloves. "There's always more or less orange-peel on the pavement in our street; and I know it's put there by the surgeon's boy at the corner.
irritable - irritable
drawing off - Tirage
A young woman stumbled over a bit last night, and fell against my garden-railings; directly she got up I saw her look towards his infernal red lamp with the pantomime-light. Don't go to him,'I called out of the window, he's an assassin! A man-trap!'So he is.
railings - les garde-corps
pantomime - pantomime
assassin - assassin, assassine
If he is not"" Here the irascible old gentleman gave a great knock on the ground with his stick; which was always understood, by his friends, to imply the customary offer, whenever it was not expressed in words.
irascible - irascible
customary - coutumier, habituel, d'usage
Then, still keeping his stick in his hand, he sat down; and, opening a double eye-glass, which he wore attached to a broad black riband, took a view of Oliver: who, seeing that he was the object of inspection, coloured, and bowed again.
riband - riband
"That's the boy, is it?" said Mr. Grimwig, at length.
"That's the boy," replied Mr. Brownlow.
"How are you, boy?" said Mr. Grimwig.
"A great deal better, thank you, sir," replied Oliver.
Mr. Brownlow, seeming to apprehend that his singular friend was about to say something disagreeable, asked Oliver to step downstairs and tell Mrs. Bedwin they were ready for tea; which, as he did not half like the visitor's manner, he was very happy to do.
apprehend - appréhender, comprendre, arreter
disagreeable - incompatible, désagréable
"He is a nice-looking boy, is he not?" inquired Mr. Brownlow.
"I don't know," replied Mr. Grimwig, pettishly.
"No. I don't know. I never see any difference in boys. I only knew two sort of boys. Mealy boys, and beef-faced boys."
mealy - farineux
"And which is Oliver?"
"Mealy. I know a friend who has a beef-faced boy; a fine boy, they call him; with a round head, and red cheeks, and glaring eyes; a horrid boy; with a body and limbs that appear to be swelling out of the seams of his blue clothes; with the voice of a pilot, and the appetite of a wolf. I know him! The wretch!"
seams - les coutures, couture
wolf - loup, tombeur, dévorer, engloutir
"Come," said Mr. Brownlow, "these are not the characteristics of young Oliver Twist; so he needn't excite your wrath."
"They are not," replied Mr. Grimwig. "He may have worse."
Here, Mr. Brownlow coughed impatiently; which appeared to afford Mr. Grimwig the most exquisite delight.
most exquisite - le plus exquis
"He may have worse, I say," repeated Mr. Grimwig. "Where does he come from! Who is he? What is he? He has had a fever. What of that? Fevers are not peculiar to good people; are they? Bad people have fevers sometimes; haven't they, eh? I knew a man who was hung in Jamaica for murdering his master. He had had a fever six times; he wasn't recommended to mercy on that account. Pooh! nonsense!"
Now, the fact was, that in the inmost recesses of his own heart, Mr.
inmost - intimes
recesses - les récréations, reces, vacances-p, récréation, récré, pause
Grimwig was strongly disposed to admit that Oliver's appearance and manner were unusually prepossessing; but he had a strong appetite for contradiction, sharpened on this occasion by the finding of the orange-peel; and, inwardly determining that no man should dictate to him whether a boy was well-looking or not, he had resolved, from the first, to oppose his friend. When Mr.
unusually - de façon inhabituelle
inwardly - intérieurement
Brownlow admitted that on no one point of inquiry could he yet return a satisfactory answer; and that he had postponed any investigation into Oliver's previous history until he thought the boy was strong enough to hear it; Mr. Grimwig chuckled maliciously.
maliciously - malicieusement
And he demanded, with a sneer, whether the housekeeper was in the habit of counting the plate at night; because if she didn't find a table-spoon or two missing some sunshiny morning, why, he would be content to"and so forth.
sunshiny - ensoleillé
All this, Mr. Brownlow, although himself somewhat of an impetuous gentleman: knowing his friend's peculiarities, bore with great good humour; as Mr. Grimwig, at tea, was graciously pleased to express his entire approval of the muffins, matters went on very smoothly; and Oliver, who made one of the party, began to feel more at his ease than he had yet done in the fierce old gentleman's presence.
peculiarities - particularités, singularité, bizarrerie, étrangeté
smoothly - en douceur, souplement, doucement
"And when are you going to hear a full, true, and particular account of the life and adventures of Oliver Twist?" asked Grimwig of Mr. Brownlow, at the conclusion of the meal; looking sideways at Oliver, as he resumed his subject.
"To-morrow morning," replied Mr. Brownlow. "I would rather he was alone with me at the time. Come up to me to-morrow morning at ten o'clock, my dear."
"Yes, sir," replied Oliver. He answered with some hesitation, because he was confused by Mr. Grimwig's looking so hard at him.
"I'll tell you what," whispered that gentleman to Mr. Brownlow; "he won't come up to you to-morrow morning. I saw him hesitate. He is deceiving you, my good friend."
deceiving - trompeuse, tromper, leurrer, séduire
"I'll swear he is not," replied Mr. Brownlow, warmly.
warmly - chaleureusement, chaudement
"If he is not," said Mr. Grimwig, "I'll"" and down went the stick.
"I'll answer for that boy's truth with my life!" said Mr. Brownlow, knocking the table.
"And I for his falsehood with my head!" rejoined Mr. Grimwig, knocking the table also.
"We shall see," said Mr. Brownlow, checking his rising anger.
"We will," replied Mr. Grimwig, with a provoking smile; "we will."
As fate would have it, Mrs. Bedwin chanced to bring in, at this moment, a small parcel of books, which Mr. Brownlow had that morning purchased of the identical bookstall-keeper, who has already figured in this history; having laid them on the table, she prepared to leave the room.
small parcel - petit colis
"Stop the boy, Mrs. Bedwin!" said Mr. Brownlow; "there is something to go back."
"He has gone, sir," replied Mrs. Bedwin.
"Call after him," said Mr. Brownlow; "it's particular. He is a poor man, and they are not paid for. There are some books to be taken back, too."
The street-door was opened. Oliver ran one way; and the girl ran another; and Mrs. Bedwin stood on the step and screamed for the boy; but there was no boy in sight. Oliver and the girl returned, in a breathless state, to report that there were no tidings of him.
tidings - des nouvelles, nouvelle
"Dear me, I am very sorry for that," exclaimed Mr. Brownlow; "I particularly wished those books to be returned to-night."
"Send Oliver with them," said Mr. Grimwig, with an ironical smile; "he will be sure to deliver them safely, you know."
"Yes; do let me take them, if you please, sir," said Oliver. "I'll run all the way, sir."
The old gentleman was just going to say that Oliver should not go out on any account; when a most malicious cough from Mr. Grimwig determined him that he should; and that, by his prompt discharge of the commission, he should prove to him the injustice of his suspicions: on this head at least: at once.
"You shall go, my dear," said the old gentleman. "The books are on a chair by my table. Fetch them down."
Oliver, delighted to be of use, brought down the books under his arm in a great bustle; and waited, cap in hand, to hear what message he was to take.
"You are to say," said Mr. Brownlow, glancing steadily at Grimwig; "you are to say that you have brought those books back; and that you have come to pay the four pound ten I owe him. This is a five-pound note, so you will have to bring me back, ten shillings change."
"I won't be ten minutes, sir," said Oliver, eagerly. Having buttoned up the bank-note in his jacket pocket, and placed the books carefully under his arm, he made a respectful bow, and left the room. Mrs.
buttoned up - boutonné
bank-note - (bank-note) billet de banque
Bedwin followed him to the street-door, giving him many directions about the nearest way, and the name of the bookseller, and the name of the street: all of which Oliver said he clearly understood. Having superadded many injunctions to be sure and not take cold, the old lady at length permitted him to depart.
bookseller - libraire
"Bless his sweet face!" said the old lady, looking after him. "I can't bear, somehow, to let him go out of my sight."
At this moment, Oliver looked gaily round, and nodded before he turned the corner. The old lady smilingly returned his salutation, and, closing the door, went back to her own room.
"Let me see; he'll be back in twenty minutes, at the longest," said Mr. Brownlow, pulling out his watch, and placing it on the table. "It will be dark by that time."
"Oh! you really expect him to come back, do you?" inquired Mr. Grimwig.
"Don't you?" asked Mr. Brownlow, smiling.
The spirit of contradiction was strong in Mr. Grimwig's breast, at the moment; and it was rendered stronger by his friend's confident smile.
"No," he said, smiting the table with his fist, "I do not. The boy has a new suit of clothes on his back, a set of valuable books under his arm, and a five-pound note in his pocket. He'll join his old friends the thieves, and laugh at you. If ever that boy returns to this house, sir, I'll eat my head."
With these words he drew his chair closer to the table; and there the two friends sat, in silent expectation, with the watch between them.
It is worthy of remark, as illustrating the importance we attach to our own judgments, and the pride with which we put forth our most rash and hasty conclusions, that, although Mr.
judgments - jugements, jugement, sentence, verdict
rash - éruption cutanée, déviation
Grimwig was not by any means a bad-hearted man, and though he would have been unfeignedly sorry to see his respected friend duped and deceived, he really did most earnestly and strongly hope at that moment, that Oliver Twist might not come back.
unfeignedly - en toute sincérité
duped - dupés, dupe
It grew so dark, that the figures on the dial-plate were scarcely discernible; but there the two old gentlemen continued to sit, in silence, with the watch between them.
dial - cadran, bouille, tronche, composer, signaler
In the obscure parlour of a low public-house, in the filthiest part of Little Saffron Hill; a dark and gloomy den, where a flaring gas-light burnt all day in the winter-time; and where no ray of sun ever shone in the summer: there sat, brooding over a little pewter measure and a small glass, strongly impregnated with the smell of liquor, a man in a velveteen coat, drab shorts, half-boots and stockings, whom even by that dim light no experienced agent of the police would have hesitated to recognise as Mr. William Sikes. At his feet, sat a white-coated, red-eyed dog; who occupied himself, alternately, in winking at his master with both eyes at the same time; and in licking a large, fresh cut on one side of his mouth, which appeared to be the result of some recent conflict.
filthiest - le plus sale, crasseux
den - den, nid
flaring - torche, fusée lumineuse, feu de Bengale
gas-light - (gas-light) Une lampe a gaz
brooding - couvant, méditatif, (brood), couvée, couver, protéger
recognise - reconnaître
"Keep quiet, you warmint! Keep quiet!" said Mr. Sikes, suddenly breaking silence. Whether his meditations were so intense as to be disturbed by the dog's winking, or whether his feelings were so wrought upon by his reflections that they required all the relief derivable from kicking an unoffending animal to allay them, is matter for argument and consideration.
derivable - dérivable
unoffending - inoffensif
allay - apaiser, pacifier, soulager
Whatever was the cause, the effect was a kick and a curse, bestowed upon the dog simultaneously.
curse - malédiction, maudire, maudisent, maudisons, blasphémer
Dogs are not generally apt to revenge injuries inflicted upon them by their masters; but Mr. Sikes's dog, having faults of temper in common with his owner, and labouring, perhaps, at this moment, under a powerful sense of injury, made no more ado but at once fixed his teeth in one of the half-boots.
apt - apt, doué
ado - ado, cérémonies, manieres, bruit, histoire
Having given in a hearty shake, he retired, growling, under a form; just escaping the pewter measure which Mr. Sikes levelled at his head.
"You would, would you?" said Sikes, seizing the poker in one hand, and deliberately opening with the other a large clasp-knife, which he drew from his pocket. "Come here, you born devil! Come here! D'ye hear?"
poker - poker, tisonnier
The dog no doubt heard; because Mr. Sikes spoke in the very harshest key of a very harsh voice; but, appearing to entertain some unaccountable objection to having his throat cut, he remained where he was, and growled more fiercely than before: at the same time grasping the end of the poker between his teeth, and biting at it like a wild beast.
This resistance only infuriated Mr. Sikes the more; who, dropping on his knees, began to assail the animal most furiously.
infuriated - exaspéré, enrager
assail - agresser, assaillir
The dog jumped from right to left, and from left to right; snapping, growling, and barking; the man thrust and swore, and struck and blasphemed; and the struggle was reaching a most critical point for one or other; when, the door suddenly opening, the dog darted out: leaving Bill Sikes with the poker and the clasp-knife in his hands.
barking - aboiement
blasphemed - blasphémé, blasphémer
darted - dardé, dard, fleche
There must always be two parties to a quarrel, says the old adage. Mr. Sikes, being disappointed of the dog's participation, at once transferred his share in the quarrel to the new comer.
quarrel - querelle, bagarrer, noise, algarade, dispute
"What the devil do you come in between me and my dog for?" said Sikes, with a fierce gesture.
"I didn't know, my dear, I didn't know," replied Fagin, humbly; for the Jew was the new comer.
"Didn't know, you white-livered thief!" growled Sikes. "Couldn't you hear the noise?"
"Not a sound of it, as I'm a living man, Bill," replied the Jew.
"Oh no! You hear nothing, you don't," retorted Sikes with a fierce sneer. "Sneaking in and out, so as nobody hears how you come or go! I wish you had been the dog, Fagin, half a minute ago."
"Why?" inquired the Jew with a forced smile.
"Cause the government, as cares for the lives of such men as you, as haven't half the pluck of curs, lets a man kill a dog how he likes," replied Sikes, shutting up the knife with a very expressive look; "that's why."
pluck - tirer, pincer, plumer, voler, abats, persévérance, (du) cour
curs - curseur, (cur), clébard, corniaud, roquet, clebs, chien
The Jew rubbed his hands; and, sitting down at the table, affected to laugh at the pleasantry of his friend. He was obviously very ill at ease, however.
"Grin away," said Sikes, replacing the poker, and surveying him with savage contempt; "grin away. You'll never have the laugh at me, though, unless it's behind a nightcap. I've got the upper hand over you, Fagin; and, d"me, I'll keep it. There! If I go, you go; so take care of me."
"Well, well, my dear," said the Jew, "I know all that; we"we"have a mutual interest, Bill,"a mutual interest."
"Humph," said Sikes, as if he thought the interest lay rather more on the Jew's side than on his. "Well, what have you got to say to me?"
Humph - humph, hum
"It's all passed safe through the melting-pot," replied Fagin, "and this is your share. It's rather more than it ought to be, my dear; but as I know you'll do me a good turn another time, and""
"Stow that gammon," interposed the robber, impatiently. "Where is it? Hand over!"
Stow - ranger, rangez, caser, mettre, rangeons, rangent
robber - voleur, brigand, bandit
"Yes, yes, Bill; give me time, give me time," replied the Jew, soothingly. "Here it is! All safe!" As he spoke, he drew forth an old cotton handkerchief from his breast; and untying a large knot in one corner, produced a small brown-paper packet. Sikes, snatching it from him, hastily opened it; and proceeded to count the sovereigns it contained.
untying - le détachement, détacher, délier
snatching - vol a l'arraché, empoigner, happer, saisir, arracher, enlever
sovereigns - souverains, souverain
"This is all, is it?" inquired Sikes.
"All," replied the Jew.
"You haven't opened the parcel and swallowed one or two as you come along, have you?" inquired Sikes, suspiciously. "Don't put on an injured look at the question; you've done it many a time. Jerk the tinkler."
tinkler - l'arroseur arrosé
These words, in plain English, conveyed an injunction to ring the bell. It was answered by another Jew: younger than Fagin, but nearly as vile and repulsive in appearance.
injunction - injonction
vile - vil
Bill Sikes merely pointed to the empty measure. The Jew, perfectly understanding the hint, retired to fill it: previously exchanging a remarkable look with Fagin, who raised his eyes for an instant, as if in expectation of it, and shook his head in reply; so slightly that the action would have been almost imperceptible to an observant third person.
imperceptible - imperceptible
It was lost upon Sikes, who was stooping at the moment to tie the boot-lace which the dog had torn. Possibly, if he had observed the brief interchange of signals, he might have thought that it boded no good to him.
stooping - se baisser
lace - dentelle, pointue
interchange - échange, échangeur autoroutier, échangeur routier, échangeur
boded - boded, présager
"Is anybody here, Barney?" inquired Fagin; speaking, now that Sikes was looking on, without raising his eyes from the ground.
"Dot a shoul," replied Barney; whose words: whether they came from the heart or not: made their way through the nose.
shoul - shoul
"Nobody?" inquired Fagin, in a tone of surprise: which perhaps might mean that Barney was at liberty to tell the truth.
"Dobody but Biss Dadsy," replied Barney.
"Nancy!" exclaimed Sikes. "Where? Strike me blind, if I don't honour that 'ere girl, for her native talents."
"She's bid havid a plate of boiled beef id the bar," replied Barney.
"Send her here," said Sikes, pouring out a glass of liquor. "Send her here."
Barney looked timidly at Fagin, as if for permission; the Jew remaining silent, and not lifting his eyes from the ground, he retired; and presently returned, ushering in Nancy; who was decorated with the bonnet, apron, basket, and street-door key, complete.
ushering - l'huissier, ouvreur, escorte, garçon d'honneur, huissier
"You are on the scent, are you, Nancy?" inquired Sikes, proffering the glass.
scent - parfum, odeur, odorat, sentir
proffering - la proposition, offrir, entreprendre
"Yes, I am, Bill," replied the young lady, disposing of its contents; "and tired enough of it I am, too. The young brat's been ill and confined to the crib; and""
crib - berceau, huche, antiseche
"Ah, Nancy, dear!" said Fagin, looking up.
Now, whether a peculiar contraction of the Jew's red eye-brows, and a half closing of his deeply-set eyes, warned Miss Nancy that she was disposed to be too communicative, is not a matter of much importance. The fact is all we need care for here; and the fact is, that she suddenly checked herself, and with several gracious smiles upon Mr. Sikes, turned the conversation to other matters.
contraction - contraction
brows - les sourcils, (brow), andouiller d'oil, maître andouiller
In about ten minutes'time, Mr. Fagin was seized with a fit of coughing; upon which Nancy pulled her shawl over her shoulders, and declared it was time to go. Mr.
seized with - saisir
coughing - toux, toussant, (cough), tousser
shawl - châle
Sikes, finding that he was walking a short part of her way himself, expressed his intention of accompanying her; they went away together, followed, at a little distant, by the dog, who slunk out of a back-yard as soon as his master was out of sight.
The Jew thrust his head out of the room door when Sikes had left it; looked after him as he walked up the dark passage; shook his clenched fist; muttered a deep curse; and then, with a horrible grin, reseated himself at the table; where he was soon deeply absorbed in the interesting pages of the Hue-and-Cry.
clenched - serré, serrer, prise (en main) ferme, poigne ferme
Meanwhile, Oliver Twist, little dreaming that he was within so very short a distance of the merry old gentleman, was on his way to the book-stall.
When he got into Clerkenwell, he accidently turned down a by-street which was not exactly in his way; but not discovering his mistake until he had got half-way down it, and knowing it must lead in the right direction, he did not think it worth while to turn back; and so marched on, as quickly as he could, with the books under his arm.
He was walking along, thinking how happy and contented he ought to feel; and how much he would give for only one look at poor little Dick, who, starved and beaten, might be weeping bitterly at that very moment; when he was startled by a young woman screaming out very loud. "Oh, my dear brother!
" And he had hardly looked up, to see what the matter was, when he was stopped by having a pair of arms thrown tight round his neck.
"Don't," cried Oliver, struggling. "Let go of me. Who is it? What are you stopping me for?"
The only reply to this, was a great number of loud lamentations from the young woman who had embraced him; and who had a little basket and a street-door key in her hand.
"Oh my gracious!" said the young woman, "I have found him! Oh! Oliver! Oliver! Oh you naughty boy, to make me suffer such distress on your account! Come home, dear, come. Oh, I've found him. Thank gracious goodness heavins, I've found him!
heavins - heavins
" With these incoherent exclamations, the young woman burst into another fit of crying, and got so dreadfully hysterical, that a couple of women who came up at the moment asked a butcher's boy with a shiny head of hair anointed with suet, who was also looking on, whether he didn't think he had better run for the doctor.
dreadfully - terriblement
anointed - oint, oindre, enduire, étaler, étendre
suet - suet, suif
To which, the butcher's boy: who appeared of a lounging, not to say indolent disposition: replied, that he thought not.
"Oh, no, no, never mind," said the young woman, grasping Oliver's hand; "I'm better now. Come home directly, you cruel boy! Come!"
"Oh, ma'am," replied the young woman, "he ran away, near a month ago, from his parents, who are hard-working and respectable people; and went and joined a set of thieves and bad characters; and almost broke his mother's heart."
mother's heart - le cour d'une mere
"Young wretch!" said one woman.
"Go home, do, you little brute," said the other.
"I am not," replied Oliver, greatly alarmed. "I don't know her. I haven't any sister, or father and mother either. I'm an orphan; I live at Pentonville."
"Only hear him, how he braves it out!" cried the young woman.
"Why, it's Nancy!" exclaimed Oliver; who now saw her face for the first time; and started back, in irrepressible astonishment.
"You see he knows me!" cried Nancy, appealing to the bystanders. "He can't help himself. Make him come home, there's good people, or he'll kill his dear mother and father, and break my heart!"
"What the devil's this?" said a man, bursting out of a beer-shop, with a white dog at his heels; "young Oliver! Come home to your poor mother, you young dog! Come home directly."
"I don't belong to them. I don't know them. Help! help!" cried Oliver, struggling in the man's powerful grasp.
"Help!" repeated the man. "Yes; I'll help you, you young rascal! What books are these? You've been a stealing 'em, have you? Give 'em here." With these words, the man tore the volumes from his grasp, and struck him on the head.
"That's right!" cried a looker-on, from a garret-window. "That's the only way of bringing him to his senses!"
looker - regardant, canon
garret - garret, galetas
"To be sure!" cried a sleepy-faced carpenter, casting an approving look at the garret-window.
Carpenter - menuisier, menuisiere, charpentier, charpentiere
"It'll do him good!" said the two women.
"And he shall have it, too!" rejoined the man, administering another blow, and seizing Oliver by the collar. "Come on, you young villain! Here, Bull's-eye, mind him, boy! Mind him!"
Weak with recent illness; stupified by the blows and the suddenness of the attack; terrified by the fierce growling of the dog, and the brutality of the man; overpowered by the conviction of the bystanders that he really was the hardened little wretch he was described to be; what could one poor child do! Darkness had set in; it was a low neighborhood; no help was near; resistance was useless.
suddenness - soudaineté
brutality - brutalité
overpowered - surpuissant, soumettre
In another moment he was dragged into a labyrinth of dark narrow courts, and was forced along them at a pace which rendered the few cries he dared to give utterance to, unintelligible. It was of little moment, indeed, whether they were intelligible or no; for there was nobody to care for them, had they been ever so plain.
labyrinth - labyrinthe
intelligible - intelligible
The gas-lamps were lighted; Mrs. Bedwin was waiting anxiously at the open door; the servant had run up the street twenty times to see if there were any traces of Oliver; and still the two old gentlemen sat, perseveringly, in the dark parlour, with the watch between them.
perseveringly - avec persévérance
The narrow streets and courts, at length, terminated in a large open space; scattered about which, were pens for beasts, and other indications of a cattle-market. Sikes slackened his pace when they reached this spot: the girl being quite unable to support any longer, the rapid rate at which they had hitherto walked. Turning to Oliver, he roughly commanded him to take hold of Nancy's hand.
cattle-market - (cattle-market) le marché des bovins
"Do you hear?" growled Sikes, as Oliver hesitated, and looked round.
They were in a dark corner, quite out of the track of passengers.
Oliver saw, but too plainly, that resistance would be of no avail. He held out his hand, which Nancy clasped tight in hers.
plainly - en toute clarté, simplement, clairement
avail - avail, profiter, saisir, servir
clasped - serré, fermoir, serrer
"Give me the other," said Sikes, seizing Oliver's unoccupied hand. "Here, Bull's-Eye!"
The dog looked up, and growled.
"See here, boy!" said Sikes, putting his other hand to Oliver's throat; "if he speaks ever so soft a word, hold him! D'ye mind!"
The dog growled again; and licking his lips, eyed Oliver as if he were anxious to attach himself to his windpipe without delay.
windpipe - trachée
"He's as willing as a Christian, strike me blind if he isn't!" said Sikes, regarding the animal with a kind of grim and ferocious approval. "Now, you know what you've got to expect, master, so call away as quick as you like; the dog will soon stop that game. Get on, young'un!"
ferocious - féroce
Bull's-eye wagged his tail in acknowledgment of this unusually endearing form of speech; and, giving vent to another admonitory growl for the benefit of Oliver, led the way onward.
wagged - remué, frétiller, remuer, sécher, faire l’école buissonniere
acknowledgment - l'accusé de réception, aveu, confession, reconnaissance
endearing - attachant, rendre cher (a)
growl - feulement, grognement, borborygme, gargouillement, grincement
It was Smithfield that they were crossing, although it might have been Grosvenor Square, for anything Oliver knew to the contrary. The night was dark and foggy.
foggy - brumeux, embrumé, engourdi
The lights in the shops could scarecely struggle through the heavy mist, which thickened every moment and shrouded the streets and houses in gloom; rendering the strange place still stranger in Oliver's eyes; and making his uncertainty the more dismal and depressing.
scarecely - effarouchement
mist - brouillard, brume
thickened - épaissie, épaissir, lier, s'épaissir
shrouded - enveloppée, linceul
They had hurried on a few paces, when a deep church-bell struck the hour. With its first stroke, his two conductors stopped, and turned their heads in the direction whence the sound proceeded.
church-bell - (church-bell) la cloche de l'église
conductors - conducteurs, chef d'orchestre, contrôleur, poinçonneur (ancient
whence - pourquoi, d'ou
"Eight o'clock, Bill," said Nancy, when the bell ceased.
"What's the good of telling me that; I can hear it, can't I!" replied Sikes.
"I wonder whether they can hear it," said Nancy.
"Of course they can," replied Sikes. "It was Bartlemy time when I was shopped; and there warn't a penny trumpet in the fair, as I couldn't hear the squeaking on. Arter I was locked up for the night, the row and din outside made the thundering old jail so silent, that I could almost have beat my brains out against the iron plates of the door."
squeaking - grincement, (squeak), crissement, craquement
din - din, vacarme
"Poor fellow!" said Nancy, who still had her face turned towards the quarter in which the bell had sounded. "Oh, Bill, such fine young chaps as them!"
chaps - les chaps, type
"Yes; that's all you women think of," answered Sikes. "Fine young chaps! Well, they're as good as dead, so it don't much matter."
With this consolation, Mr. Sikes appeared to repress a rising tendency to jealousy, and, clasping Oliver's wrist more firmly, told him to step out again.
repress - réprimer
"Wait a minute!" said the girl: "I wouldn't hurry by, if it was you that was coming out to be hung, the next time eight o'clock struck, Bill. I'd walk round and round the place till I dropped, if the snow was on the ground, and I hadn't a shawl to cover me."
walk round - faire le tour
"And what good would that do?" inquired the unsentimental Mr. Sikes. "Unless you could pitch over a file and twenty yards of good stout rope, you might as well be walking fifty mile off, or not walking at all, for all the good it would do me. Come on, and don't stand preaching there."
The girl burst into a laugh; drew her shawl more closely round her; and they walked away. But Oliver felt her hand tremble, and, looking up in her face as they passed a gas-lamp, saw that it had turned a deadly white.
They walked on, by little-frequented and dirty ways, for a full half-hour: meeting very few people, and those appearing from their looks to hold much the same position in society as Mr. Sikes himself.
At length they turned into a very filthy narrow street, nearly full of old-clothes shops; the dog running forward, as if conscious that there was no further occasion for his keeping on guard, stopped before the door of a shop that was closed and apparently untenanted; the house was in a ruinous condition, and on the door was nailed a board, intimating that it was to let: which looked as if it had hung there for many years.
keeping on - continuer
ruinous - ruineux
"All right," cried Sikes, glancing cautiously about.
Nancy stooped below the shutters, and Oliver heard the sound of a bell. They crossed to the opposite side of the street, and stood for a few moments under a lamp. A noise, as if a sash window were gently raised, was heard; and soon afterwards the door softly opened. Mr. Sikes then seized the terrified boy by the collar with very little ceremony; and all three were quickly inside the house.
sash window - fenetre a guillotine
The passage was perfectly dark. They waited, while the person who had let them in, chained and barred the door.
"Anybody here?" inquired Sikes.
"No," replied a voice, which Oliver thought he had heard before.
"Is the old 'un here?" asked the robber.
"Yes," replied the voice, "and precious down in the mouth he has been. Won't he be glad to see you? Oh, no!"
The style of this reply, as well as the voice which delivered it, seemed familiar to Oliver's ears: but it was impossible to distinguish even the form of the speaker in the darkness.
"Let's have a glim," said Sikes, "or we shall go breaking our necks, or treading on the dog. Look after your legs if you do!"
glim - glim
treading - le piétinement, (tread) le piétinement
"Stand still a moment, and I'll get you one," replied the voice. The receding footsteps of the speaker were heard; and, in another minute, the form of Mr. John Dawkins, otherwise the Artful Dodger, appeared. He bore in his right hand a tallow candle stuck in the end of a cleft stick.
receding - en recul, reculer
tallow candle - bougie de suif
cleft - fente, crevassé
The young gentleman did not stop to bestow any other mark of recognition upon Oliver than a humourous grin; but, turning away, beckoned the visitors to follow him down a flight of stairs. They crossed an empty kitchen; and, opening the door of a low earthy-smelling room, which seemed to have been built in a small back-yard, were received with a shout of laughter.
bestow - disposer de, accorder, remettre, conférer, donner en mariage
humourous - humoristique
beckoned - fait signe, faire signe
earthy - terreux
"Oh, my wig, my wig!" cried Master Charles Bates, from whose lungs the laughter had proceeded: "here he is! oh, cry, here he is! Oh, Fagin, look at him! Fagin, do look at him! I can't bear it; it is such a jolly game, I can't bear it. Hold me, somebody, while I laugh it out."
wig - perruque
With this irrepressible ebullition of mirth, Master Bates laid himself flat on the floor: and kicked convulsively for five minutes, in an ectasy of facetious joy. Then jumping to his feet, he snatched the cleft stick from the Dodger; and, advancing to Oliver, viewed him round and round; while the Jew, taking off his nightcap, made a great number of low bows to the bewildered boy.
ebullition - l'ébullition
convulsively - convulsivement
ectasy - ectasy
bows - arcs, (bow) arcs
bewildered - déconcertés, abasourdir, confondre, déconcerter, dérouter
The Artful, meantime, who was of a rather saturnine disposition, and seldom gave way to merriment when it interfered with business, rifled Oliver's pockets with steady assiduity.
saturnine - saturnien
assiduity - l'assiduité
"Look at his togs, Fagin!" said Charley, putting the light so close to his new jacket as nearly to set him on fire. "Look at his togs! Superfine cloth, and the heavy swell cut! Oh, my eye, what a game! And his books, too! Nothing but a gentleman, Fagin!"
heavy swell - une forte houle
"Delighted to see you looking so well, my dear," said the Jew, bowing with mock humility. "The Artful shall give you another suit, my dear, for fear you should spoil that Sunday one. Why didn't you write, my dear, and say you were coming? We'd have got something warm for supper."
bowing - s'incliner, (bow) s'incliner
At his, Master Bates roared again: so loud, that Fagin himself relaxed, and even the Dodger smiled; but as the Artful drew forth the five-pound note at that instant, it is doubtful whether the sally of the discovery awakened his merriment.
doubtful - douteux, douteuse
sally - sally, sortie
"Hallo, what's that?" inquired Sikes, stepping forward as the Jew seized the note. "That's mine, Fagin."
"No, no, my dear," said the Jew. "Mine, Bill, mine. You shall have the books."
"If that ain't mine!" said Bill Sikes, putting on his hat with a determined air; "mine and Nancy's that is; I'll take the boy back again."
The Jew started. Oliver started too, though from a very different cause; for he hoped that the dispute might really end in his being taken back.
"Come! Hand over, will you?" said Sikes.
"This is hardly fair, Bill; hardly fair, is it, Nancy?" inquired the Jew.
"Fair, or not fair," retorted Sikes, "hand over, I tell you! Do you think Nancy and me has got nothing else to do with our precious time but to spend it in scouting arter, and kidnapping, every young boy as gets grabbed through you? Give it here, you avaricious old skeleton, give it here!"
scouting - le scoutisme, scoutisme, (scout) le scoutisme
skeleton - squelette, ossature
With this gentle remonstrance, Mr. Sikes plucked the note from between the Jew's finger and thumb; and looking the old man coolly in the face, folded it up small, and tied it in his neckerchief.
plucked - plumé, tirer, pincer, plumer, voler, abats-p, persévérance
"That's for our share of the trouble," said Sikes; "and not half enough, neither. You may keep the books, if you're fond of reading. If you ain't, sell 'em."
"They're very pretty," said Charley Bates: who, with sundry grimaces, had been affecting to read one of the volumes in question; "beautiful writing, isn't is, Oliver?" at sight of the dismayed look with which Oliver regarded his tormentors, Master Bates, who was blessed with a lively sense of the ludicrous, fell into another ectasy, more boisterous than the first.
grimaces - des grimaces, grimace, grimacer, faire des grimaces
at sight - a vue
dismayed - consterné, affliger, mortifier, avoir peur, désarroi
tormentors - les bourreaux, bourreau
"They belong to the old gentleman," said Oliver, wringing his hands; "to the good, kind, old gentleman who took me into his house, and had me nursed, when I was near dying of the fever. Oh, pray send them back; send him back the books and money. Keep me here all my life long; but pray, pray send them back.
He'll think I stole them; the old lady: all of them who were so kind to me: will think I stole them. Oh, do have mercy upon me, and send them back!"
With these words, which were uttered with all the energy of passionate grief, Oliver fell upon his knees at the Jew's feet; and beat his hands together, in perfect desperation.
"The boy's right," remarked Fagin, looking covertly round, and knitting his shaggy eyebrows into a hard knot. "You're right, Oliver, you're right; they will think you have stolen 'em. Ha! ha!" chuckled the Jew, rubbing his hands, "it couldn't have happened better, if we had chosen our time!"
covertly - secretement
knitting - tricotage, tricot, (knit), tricoter, souder, unir, se souder
"Of course it couldn't," replied Sikes; "I know'd that, directly I see him coming through Clerkenwell, with the books under his arm. It's all right enough. They're soft-hearted psalm-singers, or they wouldn't have taken him in at all; and they'll ask no questions after him, fear they should be obliged to prosecute, and so get him lagged. He's safe enough."
psalm - psaume
be obliged - etre obligé
lagged - décalé, rester en arriere, etre en retard
Oliver had looked from one to the other, while these words were being spoken, as if he were bewildered, and could scarecely understand what passed; but when Bill Sikes concluded, he jumped suddenly to his feet, and tore wildly from the room: uttering shrieks for help, which made the bare old house echo to the roof.
shrieks - des cris, hurlement, crier
"Keep back the dog, Bill!" cried Nancy, springing before the door, and closing it, as the Jew and his two pupils darted out in pursuit. "Keep back the dog; he'll tear the boy to pieces."
"Serve him right!" cried Sikes, struggling to disengage himself from the girl's grasp. "Stand off from me, or I'll split your head against the wall."
disengage - se désengager, désengager
"I don't care for that, Bill, I don't care for that," screamed the girl, struggling violently with the man, "the child shan't be torn down by the dog, unless you kill me first."
"Shan't he!" said Sikes, setting his teeth. "I'll soon do that, if you don't Keep off."
Keep off - éloigner
The housebreaker flung the girl from him to the further end of the room, just as the Jew and the two boys returned, dragging Oliver among them.
housebreaker - briseur de ménage
"What's the matter here!" said Fagin, looking round.
"The girl's gone mad, I think," replied Sikes, savagely.
savagely - sauvagement
"No, she hasn't," said Nancy, pale and breathless from the scuffle; "no, she hasn't, Fagin; don't think it."
scuffle - échauffourée, combat
"Then keep quiet, will you?" said the Jew, with a threatening look.
"No, I won't do that, neither," replied Nancy, speaking very loud. "Come! What do you think of that?"
Mr. Fagin was sufficiently well acquainted with the manners and customs of that particular species of humanity to which Nancy belonged, to feel tolerably certain that it would be rather unsafe to prolong any conversation with her, at present. With the view of diverting the attention of the company, he turned to Oliver.
tolerably - de maniere tolérable
prolong - prolonger
"So you wanted to get away, my dear, did you?" said the Jew, taking up a jagged and knotted club which lay in a corner of the fireplace; "eh?"
jagged - dentelé, déchiqueté, (jag) dentelé
knotted - noué, noeud
fireplace - âtre, foyer, cheminée
Oliver made no reply. But he watched the Jew's motions, and breathed quickly.
"Wanted to get assistance; called for the police; did you?" sneered the Jew, catching the boy by the arm. "We'll cure you of that, my young master."
sneered - ricané, sourire d'un air méprisant
The Jew inflicted a smart blow on Oliver's shoulders with the club; and was raising it for a second, when the girl, rushing forward, wrested it from his hand. She flung it into the fire, with a force that brought some of the glowing coals whirling out into the room.
rushing forward - qui se précipitent
glowing - rayonnante, briller, luire, irradier, lueur
whirling - tourbillonnant, (whirl), tourbillonner
"I won't stand by and see it done, Fagin," cried the girl. "You've got the boy, and what more would you have?"Let him be"let him be"or I shall put that mark on some of you, that will bring me to the gallows before my time."
The girl stamped her foot violently on the floor as she vented this threat; and with her lips compressed, and her hands clenched, looked alternately at the Jew and the other robber: her face quite colourless from the passion of rage into which she had gradually worked herself.
vented - ventilé, évent
colourless - sans couleur, incolore
"Why, Nancy!" said the Jew, in a soothing tone; after a pause, during which he and Mr. Sikes had stared at one another in a disconcerted manner; "you,"you're more clever than ever to-night. Ha! ha! my dear, you are acting beautifully."
disconcerted - déconcerté, déconcerter, fr
more clever - plus intelligente
beautifully - magnifique
"Am I!" said the girl. "Take care I don't overdo it. You will be the worse for it, Fagin, if I do; and so I tell you in good time to keep clear of me."
overdo - exagéré, en faire trop, trop cuire
There is something about a roused woman: especially if she add to all her other strong passions, the fierce impulses of recklessness and despair; which few men like to provoke.
impulses - des impulsions, impulsion
despair - le désespoir, désespérer, désespoir
The Jew saw that it would be hopeless to affect any further mistake regarding the reality of Miss Nancy's rage; and, shrinking involuntarily back a few paces, cast a glance, half imploring and half cowardly, at Sikes: as if to hint that he was the fittest person to pursue the dialogue.
hopeless - sans espoir, désespéré
Mr. Sikes, thus mutely appealed to; and possibly feeling his personal pride and influence interested in the immediate reduction of Miss Nancy to reason; gave utterance to about a couple of score of curses and threats, the rapid production of which reflected great credit on the fertility of his invention.
mutely - en sourdine
curses - des malédictions, maudire
fertility - la fertilité, fertilité
As they produced no visible effect on the object against whom they were discharged, however, he resorted to more tangible arguments.
tangible - tangible, palpable
"What do you mean by this?" said Sikes; backing the inquiry with a very common imprecation concerning the most beautiful of human features: which, if it were heard above, only once out of every fifty thousand times that it is uttered below, would render blindness as common a disorder as measles: "what do you mean by it? Burn my body! Do you know who you are, and what you are?"
What do you mean by this? - Qu'est-ce que vous entendez par la ?
blindness - la cécité, cécité
"Oh, yes, I know all about it," replied the girl, laughing hysterically; and shaking her head from side to side, with a poor assumption of indifference.
hysterically - hystérique
indifference - l'indifférence, indifférence
"Well, then, keep quiet," rejoined Sikes, with a growl like that he was accustomed to use when addressing his dog, "or I'll quiet you for a good long time to come."
accustomed - habitué, accoutumer
The girl laughed again: even less composedly than before; and, darting a hasty look at Sikes, turned her face aside, and bit her lip till the blood came.
composedly - calmement
"You're a nice one," added Sikes, as he surveyed her with a contemptuous air, "to take up the humane and gen"teel side! A pretty subject for the child, as you call him, to make a friend of!"
contemptuous - méprisante, méprisant, dédaigneux, contempteur
teel - teel
"God Almighty help me, I am!" cried the girl passionately; "and I wish I had been struck dead in the street, or had changed places with them we passed so near to-night, before I had lent a hand in bringing him here. He's a thief, a liar, a devil, all that's bad, from this night forth. Isn't that enough for the old wretch, without blows?"
Almighty - tout-puissant, toutuissant
liar - menteur, menteuse
"Come, come, Sikes," said the Jew appealing to him in a remonstratory tone, and motioning towards the boys, who were eagerly attentive to all that passed; "we must have civil words; civil words, Bill."
remonstratory - de remonstrations
attentive - attentif
"Civil words!" cried the girl, whose passion was frightful to see. "Civil words, you villain! Yes, you deserve 'em from me. I thieved for you when I was a child not half as old as this!" pointing to Oliver. "I have been in the same trade, and in the same service, for twelve years since. Don't you know it? Speak out! Don't you know it?"
thieved - volé, voler
"Well, well," replied the Jew, with an attempt at pacification; "and, if you have, it's your living!"
pacification - la pacification, pacification
"Aye, it is!" returned the girl; not speaking, but pouring out the words in one continuous and vehement scream. "It is my living; and the cold, wet, dirty streets are my home; and you're the wretch that drove me to them long ago, and that'll keep me there, day and night, day and night, till I die!"
Aye - oui
"I shall do you a mischief!" interposed the Jew, goaded by these reproaches; "a mischief worse than that, if you say much more!"
reproaches - des reproches, reproche, opprobre, reprocher
The girl said nothing more; but, tearing her hair and dress in a transport of passion, made such a rush at the Jew as would probably have left signal marks of her revenge upon him, had not her wrists been seized by Sikes at the right moment; upon which, she made a few ineffectual struggles, and fainted.
"She's all right now," said Sikes, laying her down in a corner. "She's uncommon strong in the arms, when she's up in this way."
The Jew wiped his forehead: and smiled, as if it were a relief to have the disturbance over; but neither he, nor Sikes, nor the dog, nor the boys, seemed to consider it in any other light than a common occurance incidental to business.
incidental - accessoire, incidental
"It's the worst of having to do with women," said the Jew, replacing his club; "but they're clever, and we can't get on, in our line, without 'em. Charley, show Oliver to bed."
"I suppose he'd better not wear his best clothes tomorrow, Fagin, had he?" inquired Charley Bates.
"Certainly not," replied the Jew, reciprocating the grin with which Charley put the question.
reciprocating - réciproque, donner en retour, réciproquer, rendre la pareille
Master Bates, apparently much delighted with his commission, took the cleft stick: and led Oliver into an adjacent kitchen, where there were two or three of the beds on which he had slept before; and here, with many uncontrollable bursts of laughter, he produced the identical old suit of clothes which Oliver had so much congratulated himself upon leaving off at Mr.
Brownlow's; and the accidental display of which, to Fagin, by the Jew who purchased them, had been the very first clue received, of his whereabout.
accidental - accidentelle, accidentel, altération
whereabout - ou
"Put off the smart ones," said Charley, "and I'll give 'em to Fagin to take care of. What fun it is!"
Poor Oliver unwillingly complied. Master Bates rolling up the new clothes under his arm, departed from the room, leaving Oliver in the dark, and locking the door behind him.
unwillingly - a l'insu de son plein gré
The noise of Charley's laughter, and the voice of Miss Betsy, who opportunely arrived to throw water over her friend, and perform other feminine offices for the promotion of her recovery, might have kept many people awake under more happy circumstances than those in which Oliver was placed. But he was sick and weary; and he soon fell sound asleep.
opportunely - opportunément
feminine - féminine, féminin, féminin (2)
CHAPTER XVII. OLIVER'S DESTINY CONTINUING UNPROPITIOUS, BRINGS A GREAT MAN TO LONDON TO INJURE HIS REPUTATION
destiny - destin, destinée, sort
It is the custom on the stage, in all good murderous melodramas, to present the tragic and the comic scenes, in as regular alternation, as the layers of red and white in a side of streaky bacon. The hero sinks upon his straw bed, weighed down by fetters and misfortunes; in the next scene, his faithful but unconscious squire regales the audience with a comic song.
murderous - meurtriere
melodramas - des mélodrames, mélodrame
alternation - l'alternance, alternance
streaky - strié
misfortunes - malheurs, malchance, mésaventure, malheur
squire - chaperonner
regales - régales, royal
We behold, with throbbing bosoms, the heroine in the grasp of a proud and ruthless baron: her virtue and her life alike in danger, drawing forth her dagger to preserve the one at the cost of the other; and just as our expectations are wrought up to the highest pitch, a whistle is heard, and we are straightway transported to the great hall of the castle; where a grey-headed seneschal sings a funny chorus with a funnier body of vassals, who are free of all sorts of places, from church vaults to palaces, and roam about in company, carolling perpetually.
throbbing - des palpitations, (throb), battre, palpiter, vibrer, résonner
heroine - l'héroine, héroine
ruthless - impitoyable
Baron - baron
dagger - poignard, surin
seneschal - sénéchal
chorus - chour, chour antique, chour, chorale, refrain
vassals - vassaux, vassal, vassaliser
vaults - voutes, cave voutée
roam - errer
perpetually - perpétuellement
Such changes appear absurd; but they are not so unnatural as they would seem at first sight. The transitions in real life from well-spread boards to death-beds, and from mourning-weeds to holiday garments, are not a whit less startling; only, there, we are busy actors, instead of passive lookers-on, which makes a vast difference.
mourning - le deuil, deuil, (mourn), déplorer, porter le deuil
garments - vetements, vetement
whit - whit
lookers - les curieux, canon
The actors in the mimic life of the theatre, are blind to violent transitions and abrupt impulses of passion or feeling, which, presented before the eyes of mere spectators, are at once condemned as outrageous and preposterous.
preposterous - absurde
As sudden shiftings of the scene, and rapid changes of time and place, are not only sanctioned in books by long usage, but are by many considered as the great art of authorship: an author's skill in his craft being, by such critics, chiefly estimated with relation to the dilemmas in which he leaves his characters at the end of every chapter: this brief introduction to the present one may perhaps be deemed unnecessary. If so, let it be considered a delicate intimation on the part of the historian that he is going back to the town in which Oliver Twist was born; the reader taking it for granted that there are good and substantial reasons for making the journey, or he would not be invited to proceed upon such an expedition.
authorship - la paternité de l'ouvre, paternité
chiefly - principalement, surtout
Mr. Bumble emerged at early morning from the workhouse-gate, and walked with portly carriage and commanding steps, up the High Street. He was in the full bloom and pride of beadlehood; his cocked hat and coat were dazzling in the morning sun; he clutched his cane with the vigorous tenacity of health and power. Mr. Bumble always carried his head high; but this morning it was higher than usual.
portly - portante, fort, corpulent
bloom - fleurir, fleur
beadlehood - la béatitude
clutched - serré, se raccrocher (a)
tenacity - la ténacité, ténacité
There was an abstraction in his eye, an elevation in his air, which might have warned an observant stranger that thoughts were passing in the beadle's mind, too great for utterance.
elevation - l'élévation, élévation
Mr. Bumble stopped not to converse with the small shopkeepers and others who spoke to him, deferentially, as he passed along. He merely returned their salutations with a wave of his hand, and relaxed not in his dignified pace, until he reached the farm where Mrs. Mann tended the infant paupers with parochial care.
shopkeepers - les commerçants, détaillant, détaillante, magasinier
salutations - salutations, titre
"Drat that beadle!" said Mrs. Mann, hearing the well-known shaking at the garden-gate. "If it isn't him at this time in the morning! Lauk, Mr. Bumble, only think of its being you! Well, dear me, it is a pleasure, this is! Come into the parlour, sir, please."
Drat - drat, jurer
The first sentence was addressed to Susan; and the exclamations of delight were uttered to Mr. Bumble: as the good lady unlocked the garden-gate: and showed him, with great attention and respect, into the house.
"Mrs. Mann," said Mr. Bumble; not sitting upon, or dropping himself into a seat, as any common jackanapes would: but letting himself gradually and slowly down into a chair; "Mrs. Mann, ma'am, good morning."
jackanapes - jackanapes
"Well, and good morning to you, sir," replied Mrs. Mann, with many smiles; "and hoping you find yourself well, sir!"
"So-so, Mrs. Mann," replied the beadle. "A porochial life is not a bed of roses, Mrs. Mann."
roses - des roses, Rose
"Ah, that it isn't indeed, Mr. Bumble," rejoined the lady. And all the infant paupers might have chorussed the rejoinder with great propriety, if they had heard it.
chorussed - en chour, chour antique, chour, chorale, refrain
rejoinder - réponse, réplique
propriety - la bienséance, décence, correction, bienséance, convenances
"A porochial life, ma'am," continued Mr. Bumble, striking the table with his cane, "is a life of worrit, and vexation, and hardihood; but all public characters, as I may say, must suffer prosecution."
worrit - worrit
vexation - vexation, tracas, tracasserie, contrariété
hardihood - hardiesse
Mrs. Mann, not very well knowing what the beadle meant, raised her hands with a look of sympathy, and sighed.
"Ah! You may well sigh, Mrs. Mann!" said the beadle.
Finding she had done right, Mrs. Mann sighed again: evidently to the satisfaction of the public character: who, repressing a complacent smile by looking sternly at his cocked hat, said,
repressing - la répression, réprimer
complacent - complaisant
"Mrs. Mann, I am going to London."
"Lauk, Mr. Bumble!" cried Mrs. Mann, starting back.
"To London, ma'am," resumed the inflexible beadle, "by coach. I and two paupers, Mrs. Mann! A legal action is a coming on, about a settlement; and the board has appointed me"me, Mrs. Mann"to dispose to the matter before the quarter-sessions at Clerkinwell.
inflexible - inflexible
And I very much question," added Mr. Bumble, drawing himself up, "whether the Clerkinwell Sessions will not find themselves in the wrong box before they have done with me."
"Oh! you mustn't be too hard upon them, sir," said Mrs. Mann, coaxingly.
mustn - ne doit pas
"The Clerkinwell Sessions have brought it upon themselves, ma'am," replied Mr. Bumble; "and if the Clerkinwell Sessions find that they come off rather worse than they expected, the Clerkinwell Sessions have only themselves to thank."
There was so much determination and depth of purpose about the menacing manner in which Mr. Bumble delivered himself of these words, that Mrs. Mann appeared quite awed by them. At length she said,
awed - impressionné, crainte, révérence, admiration
"You're going by coach, sir? I thought it was always usual to send them paupers in carts."
carts - chariots, charrette
"That's when they're ill, Mrs. Mann," said the beadle. "We put the sick paupers into open carts in the rainy weather, to prevent their taking cold."
rainy - pluvieux
"Oh!" said Mrs. Mann.
"The opposition coach contracts for these two; and takes them cheap," said Mr. Bumble. "They are both in a very low state, and we find it would come two pound cheaper to move 'em than to bury 'em"that is, if we can throw 'em upon another parish, which I think we shall be able to do, if they don't die upon the road to spite us. Ha! ha! ha!"
When Mr. Bumble had laughed a little while, his eyes again encountered the cocked hat; and he became grave.
"We are forgetting business, ma'am," said the beadle; "here is your porochial stipend for the month."
Mr. Bumble produced some silver money rolled up in paper, from his pocket-book; and requested a receipt: which Mrs. Mann wrote.
"It's very much blotted, sir," said the farmer of infants; "but it's formal enough, I dare say. Thank you, Mr. Bumble, sir, I am very much obliged to you, I'm sure."
blotted - éponge, tache, (ink) pâté, souillure, tacher
Mr. Bumble nodded, blandly, in acknowledgment of Mrs. Mann's curtsey; and inquired how the children were.
"Bless their dear little hearts!" said Mrs. Mann with emotion, "they're as well as can be, the dears! Of course, except the two that died last week. And little Dick."
"Isn't that boy no better?" inquired Mr. Bumble.
Mrs. Mann shook her head.
"He's a ill-conditioned, wicious, bad-disposed porochial child that," said Mr. Bumble angrily. "Where is he?"
"I'll bring him to you in one minute, sir," replied Mrs. Mann. "Here, you Dick!"
After some calling, Dick was discovered. Having had his face put under the pump, and dried upon Mrs. Mann's gown, he was led into the awful presence of Mr. Bumble, the beadle.
The child was pale and thin; his cheeks were sunken; and his eyes large and bright. The scanty parish dress, the livery of his misery, hung loosely on his feeble body; and his young limbs had wasted away, like those of an old man.
scanty - maigre, insuffisant
livery - la livrée
Such was the little being who stood trembling beneath Mr. Bumble's glance; not daring to lift his eyes from the floor; and dreading even to hear the beadle's voice.
dreading - redouté, redouter, craindre, crainte
"Can't you look at the gentleman, you obstinate boy?" said Mrs. Mann.
The child meekly raised his eyes, and encountered those of Mr. Bumble.
"What's the matter with you, porochial Dick?" inquired Mr. Bumble, with well-timed jocularity.
jocularity - la plaisanterie
"Nothing, sir," replied the child faintly.
faintly - faiblement
"I should think not," said Mrs. Mann, who had of course laughed very much at Mr. Bumble's humour.
"You want for nothing, I'm sure."
"I should like"" faltered the child.
faltered - a faibli, vaciller
"Hey-day!" interposed Mrs. Mann, "I suppose you're going to say that you do want for something, now? Why, you little wretch""
"Stop, Mrs. Mann, stop!" said the beadle, raising his hand with a show of authority. "Like what, sir, eh?"
"I should like," faltered the child, "if somebody that can write, would put a few words down for me on a piece of paper, and fold it up and seal it, and keep it for me, after I am laid in the ground."
"Why, what does the boy mean?" exclaimed Mr. Bumble, on whom the earnest manner and wan aspect of the child had made some impression: accustomed as he was to such things. "What do you mean, sir?"
wan - wan, pâle, blafard
"I should like," said the child, "to leave my dear love to poor Oliver Twist; and to let him know how often I have sat by myself and cried to think of his wandering about in the dark nights with nobody to help him.
And I should like to tell him," said the child pressing his small hands together, and speaking with great fervour, "that I was glad to die when I was very young; for, perhaps, if I had lived to be a man, and had grown old, my little sister who is in Heaven, might forget me, or be unlike me; and it would be so much happier if we were both children there together."
fervour - ferveur, zele
grown old - vieilli
Mr. Bumble surveyed the little speaker, from head to foot, with indescribable astonishment; and, turning to his companion, said, "They're all in one story, Mrs. Mann. That out-dacious Oliver had demogalized them all!"
dacious - dacieux
demogalized - démogalisé
"I couldn't have believed it, sir" said Mrs Mann, holding up her hands, and looking malignantly at Dick. "I never see such a hardened little wretch!"
malignantly - malin
"Take him away, ma'am!" said Mr. Bumble imperiously. "This must be stated to the board, Mrs. Mann."
imperiously - impérieusement
"I hope the gentleman will understand that it isn't my fault, sir?" said Mrs. Mann, whimpering pathetically.
whimpering - des gémissements, (whimper), gémissement, gémir, pleurnicher
pathetically - pathétiquement
"They shall understand that, ma'am; they shall be acquainted with the true state of the case," said Mr. Bumble. "There; take him away, I can't bear the sight on him."
Dick was immediately taken away, and locked up in the coal-cellar. Mr. Bumble shortly afterwards took himself off, to prepare for his journey.
At six o'clock next morning, Mr. Bumble: having exchanged his cocked hat for a round one, and encased his person in a blue great-coat with a cape to it: took his place on the outside of the coach, accompanied by the criminals whose settlement was disputed; with whom, in due course of time, he arrived in London.
Cape - le cap, cap
He experienced no other crosses on the way, than those which originated in the perverse behaviour of the two paupers, who persisted in shivering, and complaining of the cold, in a manner which, Mr. Bumble declared, caused his teeth to chatter in his head, and made him feel quite uncomfortable; although he had a great-coat on.
perverse - pervers
chatter - bavardage, bavarder, babil, cacarder
Having disposed of these evil-minded persons for the night, Mr. Bumble sat himself down in the house at which the coach stopped; and took a temperate dinner of steaks, oyster sauce, and porter.
temperate - tempéré
steaks - steaks, bifteck, steak
oyster - huître, huitre, sot-l’y-laisse
Putting a glass of hot gin-and-water on the chimney-piece, he drew his chair to the fire; and, with sundry moral reflections on the too-prevalent sin of discontent and complaining, composed himself to read the paper.
discontent - mécontentement, checkprotestation
The very first paragraph upon which Mr. Bumble's eye rested, was the following advertisement.
"FIVE GUINEAS REWARD
guineas - guinées, Guinée
"Whereas a young boy, named Oliver Twist, absconded, or was enticed, on Thursday evening last, from his home, at Pentonville; and has not since been heard of.
enticed - séduit, appâter, attirer
The above reward will be paid to any person who will give such information as will lead to the discovery of the said Oliver Twist, or tend to throw any light upon his previous history, in which the advertiser is, for many reasons, warmly interested."
advertiser - annonceur, messager
And then followed a full description of Oliver's dress, person, appearance, and disappearance: with the name and address of Mr. Brownlow at full length.
disappearance - disparition
Mr. Bumble opened his eyes; read the advertisement, slowly and carefully, three several times; and in something more than five minutes was on his way to Pentonville: having actually, in his excitement, left the glass of hot gin-and-water, untasted.
untasted - non gouté
"Is Mr. Brownlow at home?" inquired Mr. Bumble of the girl who opened the door.
To this inquiry the girl returned the not uncommon, but rather evasive reply of "I don't know; where do you come from?"
evasive - évasif
Mr. Bumble no sooner uttered Oliver's name, in explanation of his errand, than Mrs. Bedwin, who had been listening at the parlour door, hastened into the passage in a breathless state.
hastened - s'est hâté, dépecher
"Come in, come in," said the old lady: "I knew we should hear of him. Poor dear! I knew we should! I was certain of it. Bless his heart! I said so all along."
Having heard this, the worthy old lady hurried back into the parlour again; and seating herself on a sofa, burst into tears. The girl, who was not quite so susceptible, had run upstairs meanwhile; and now returned with a request that Mr. Bumble would follow her immediately: which he did.
sofa - canapé, sofa
susceptible - sensible, susceptible
He was shown into the little back study, where sat Mr. Brownlow and his friend Mr. Grimwig, with decanters and glasses before them. The latter gentleman at once burst into the exclamation:
decanters - des carafes, décanteur
"A beadle. A parish beadle, or I'll eat my head."
"Pray don't interrupt just now," said Mr. Brownlow. "Take a seat, will you?"
Mr. Bumble sat himself down; quite confounded by the oddity of Mr. Grimwig's manner. Mr. Brownlow moved the lamp, so as to obtain an uninterrupted view of the beadle's countenance; and said, with a little impatience,
oddity - bizarrerie, excentricité
Impatience - impatience
"Now, sir, you come in consequence of having seen the advertisement?"
"Yes, sir," said Mr. Bumble.
"And you ARE a beadle, are you not?" inquired Mr. Grimwig.
"I am a porochial beadle, gentlemen," rejoined Mr. Bumble proudly.
"Of course," observed Mr. Grimwig aside to his friend, "I knew he was. A beadle all over!"
Mr. Brownlow gently shook his head to impose silence on his friend, and resumed:
"Do you know where this poor boy is now?"
"No more than nobody," replied Mr. Bumble.
"Well, what do you know of him?" inquired the old gentleman. "Speak out, my friend, if you have anything to say. What do you know of him?"
"You don't happen to know any good of him, do you?" said Mr. Grimwig, caustically; after an attentive perusal of Mr. Bumble's features.
caustically - de maniere caustique
perusal - la lecture, lecture
Mr. Bumble, catching at the inquiry very quickly, shook his head with portentous solemnity.
portentous - prétentieux
"You see?" said Mr. Grimwig, looking triumphantly at Mr. Brownlow.
Mr. Brownlow looked apprehensively at Mr. Bumble's pursed-up countenance; and requested him to communicate what he knew regarding Oliver, in as few words as possible.
apprehensively - avec appréhension
pursed - pincé, bourse, portemonnaie, portefeuille, sac a main
Mr. Bumble put down his hat; unbuttoned his coat; folded his arms; inclined his head in a retrospective manner; and, after a few moments'reflection, commenced his story.
retrospective - rétrospective, rétrospectif
It would be tedious if given in the beadle's words: occupying, as it did, some twenty minutes in the telling; but the sum and substance of it was, that Oliver was a foundling, born of low and vicious parents. That he had, from his birth, displayed no better qualities than treachery, ingratitude, and malice.
tedious - fastidieux, laborieux
Foundling - enfant trouvé
ingratitude - l'ingratitude, ingratitude
malice - malveillance, méchanceté
That he had terminated his brief career in the place of his birth, by making a sanguinary and cowardly attack on an unoffending lad, and running away in the night-time from his master's house. In proof of his really being the person he represented himself, Mr. Bumble laid upon the table the papers he had brought to town. Folding his arms again, he then awaited Mr. Brownlow's observations.
"I fear it is all too true," said the old gentleman sorrowfully, after looking over the papers. "This is not much for your intelligence; but I would gladly have given you treble the money, if it had been favourable to the boy."
sorrowfully - avec tristesse
gladly - heureusement, volontiers
treble - les aigus, triple
It is not improbable that if Mr. Bumble had been possessed of this information at an earlier period of the interview, he might have imparted a very different colouring to his little history. It was too late to do it now, however; so he shook his head gravely, and, pocketing the five guineas, withdrew.
Mr. Brownlow paced the room to and fro for some minutes; evidently so much disturbed by the beadle's tale, that even Mr. Grimwig forbore to vex him further.
vex - vex, ennuyer, énerver, vexer 'informal', tourmenter
At length he stopped, and rang the bell violently.
"Mrs. Bedwin," said Mr. Brownlow, when the housekeeper appeared; "that boy, Oliver, is an imposter."
imposter - imposteur
"It can't be, sir. It cannot be," said the old lady energetically.
energetically - énergétiquement
"I tell you he is," retorted the old gentleman. "What do you mean by can't be? We have just heard a full account of him from his birth; and he has been a thorough-paced little villain, all his life."
"I never will believe it, sir," replied the old lady, firmly. "Never!"
"You old women never believe anything but quack-doctors, and lying story-books," growled Mr. Grimwig. "I knew it all along. Why didn't you take my advise in the beginning; you would if he hadn't had a fever, I suppose, eh? He was interesting, wasn't he? Interesting! Bah!" And Mr. Grimwig poked the fire with a flourish.
quack - charlatanisme, couin-couin
Bah - bah
poked - poké, enfoncer (dans)
"He was a dear, grateful, gentle child, sir," retorted Mrs. Bedwin, indignantly. "I know what children are, sir; and have done these forty years; and people who can't say the same, shouldn't say anything about them. That's my opinion!"
indignantly - avec indignation
This was a hard hit at Mr. Grimwig, who was a bachelor. As it extorted nothing from that gentleman but a smile, the old lady tossed her head, and smoothed down her apron preparatory to another speech, when she was stopped by Mr. Brownlow.
extorted - extorqué, extorquer
preparatory - préparatoire
"Silence!" said the old gentleman, feigning an anger he was far from feeling. "Never let me hear the boy's name again. I rang to tell you that. Never. Never, on any pretence, mind! You may leave the room, Mrs. Bedwin. Remember! I am in earnest."
feigning - feindre, (feign)
boy's name - Le nom du garçon
pretence - prétention
There were sad hearts at Mr. Brownlow's that night.
Oliver's heart sank within him, when he thought of his good friends; it was well for him that he could not know what they had heard, or it might have broken outright.
outright - carrément, completement, ouvertement, immédiatement
reputable - réputé
About noon next day, when the Dodger and Master Bates had gone out to pursue their customary avocations, Mr.
Fagin took the opportunity of reading Oliver a long lecture on the crying sin of ingratitude; of which he clearly demonstrated he had been guilty, to no ordinary extent, in wilfully absenting himself from the society of his anxious friends; and, still more, in endeavouring to escape from them after so much trouble and expense had been incurred in his recovery. Mr.
wilfully - volontairement
Fagin laid great stress on the fact of his having taken Oliver in, and cherished him, when, without his timely aid, he might have perished with hunger; and he related the dismal and affecting history of a young lad whom, in his philanthropy, he had succoured under parallel circumstances, but who, proving unworthy of his confidence and evincing a desire to communicate with the police, had unfortunately come to be hanged at the Old Bailey one morning. Mr. Fagin did not seek to conceal his share in the catastrophe, but lamented with tears in his eyes that the wrong-headed and treacherous behaviour of the young person in question, had rendered it necessary that he should become the victim of certain evidence for the crown: which, if it were not precisely true, was indispensably necessary for the safety of him (Mr. Fagin) and a few select friends. Mr. Fagin concluded by drawing a rather disagreeable picture of the discomforts of hanging; and, with great friendliness and politeness of manner, expressed his anxious hopes that he might never be obliged to submit Oliver Twist to that unpleasant operation.
cherished - chérie, chérir, tenir
perished - a péri, périr
philanthropy - philanthropie
succoured - succédé, secours, secourir
unworthy - indigne
evincing - évocation, montrer, prouver
catastrophe - catastrophe
treacherous - perfide
indispensably - indispensable
discomforts - des malaises, inconfort
friendliness - l'amabilité, gentillesse, cordialité
politeness - la politesse, politesse
Little Oliver's blood ran cold, as he listened to the Jew's words, and imperfectly comprehended the dark threats conveyed in them.
comprehended - compris, comprendre
That it was possible even for justice itself to confound the innocent with the guilty when they were in accidental companionship, he knew already; and that deeply-laid plans for the destruction of inconveniently knowing or over-communicative persons, had been really devised and carried out by the Jew on more occasions than one, he thought by no means unlikely, when he recollected the general nature of the altercations between that gentleman and Mr. Sikes: which seemed to bear reference to some foregone conspiracy of the kind. As he glanced timidly up, and met the Jew's searching look, he felt that his pale face and trembling limbs were neither unnoticed nor unrelished by that wary old gentleman.
inconveniently - de maniere genante
altercations - altercations, altercation, dispute
unnoticed - inaperçue
unrelished - non publiée
wary - méfiance, méfiant, circonspect
The Jew, smiling hideously, patted Oliver on the head, and said, that if he kept himself quiet, and applied himself to business, he saw they would be very good friends yet. Then, taking his hat, and covering himself with an old patched great-coat, he went out, and locked the room-door behind him.
hideously - hideux
patted - tapoté, petite tape
And so Oliver remained all that day, and for the greater part of many subsequent days, seeing nobody, between early morning and midnight, and left during the long hours to commune with his own thoughts. Which, never failing to revert to his kind friends, and the opinion they must long ago have formed of him, were sad indeed.
commune - commune, communauté
revert - revenir, conversion, retomber, retourner, redevenir, renvoyer
After the lapse of a week or so, the Jew left the room-door unlocked; and he was at liberty to wander about the house.
wander about - errer
It was a very dirty place. The rooms upstairs had great high wooden chimney-pieces and large doors, with panelled walls and cornices to the ceiling; which, although they were black with neglect and dust, were ornamented in various ways.
cornices - corniches, corniche
From all of these tokens Oliver concluded that a long time ago, before the old Jew was born, it had belonged to better people, and had perhaps been quite gay and handsome: dismal and dreary as it looked now.
dreary - lugubre, terne, insipide, maussade
Spiders had built their webs in the angles of the walls and ceilings; and sometimes, when Oliver walked softly into a room, the mice would scamper across the floor, and run back terrified to their holes.
scamper - se dérober, détaler
With these exceptions, there was neither sight nor sound of any living thing; and often, when it grew dark, and he was tired of wandering from room to room, he would crouch in the corner of the passage by the street-door, to be as near living people as he could; and would remain there, listening and counting the hours, until the Jew or the boys returned.
crouch - s'accroupir
In all the rooms, the mouldering shutters were fast closed: the bars which held them were screwed tight into the wood; the only light which was admitted, stealing its way through round holes at the top: which made the rooms more gloomy, and filled them with strange shadows.
more gloomy - plus sombre
There was a back-garret window with rusty bars outside, which had no shutter; and out of this, Oliver often gazed with a melancholy face for hours together; but nothing was to be descried from it but a confused and crowded mass of housetops, blackened chimneys, and gable-ends.
rusty - rubigineux
shutter - volet, contrevent, obturateur
for hours together - pendant des heures ensemble
descried - décrite, percevoir
blackened - noirci, noircir, souiller, salir
gable - pignon
Sometimes, indeed, a grizzly head might be seen, peering over the parapet-wall of a distant house; but it was quickly withdrawn again; and as the window of Oliver's observatory was nailed down, and dimmed with the rain and smoke of years, it was as much as he could do to make out the forms of the different objects beyond, without making any attempt to be seen or heard,"which he had as much chance of being, as if he had lived inside the ball of St. Paul's Cathedral.
parapet - parapet
Observatory - observatoire
dimmed - diminué, faible, vague
Paul - paul
cathedral - cathédrale, coupole
One afternoon, the Dodger and Master Bates being engaged out that evening, the first-named young gentleman took it into his head to evince some anxiety regarding the decoration of his person (to do him justice, this was by no means an habitual weakness with him); and, with this end and aim, he condescendingly commanded Oliver to assist him in his toilet, straightway.
habitual - habituel
condescendingly - avec condescendance
Oliver was but too glad to make himself useful; too happy to have some faces, however bad, to look upon; too desirous to conciliate those about him when he could honestly do so; to throw any objection in the way of this proposal.
desirous - désireux
honestly - honnetement, honnetement, franchement
So he at once expressed his readiness; and, kneeling on the floor, while the Dodger sat upon the table so that he could take his foot in his laps, he applied himself to a process which Mr. Dawkins designated as "japanning his trotter-cases." The phrase, rendered into plain English, signifieth, cleaning his boots.
kneeling - a genoux, (kneel)
trotter - trotteur
signifieth - signifie
Whether it was the sense of freedom and independence which a rational animal may be supposed to feel when he sits on a table in an easy attitude smoking a pipe, swinging one leg carelessly to and fro, and having his boots cleaned all the time, without even the past trouble of having taken them off, or the prospective misery of putting them on, to disturb his reflections; or whether it was the goodness of the tobacco that soothed the feelings of the Dodger, or the mildness of the beer that mollified his thoughts; he was evidently tinctured, for the nonce, with a spice of romance and enthusiasm, foreign to his general nature. He looked down on Oliver, with a thoughtful countenance, for a brief space; and then, raising his head, and heaving a gentle sign, said, half in abstraction, and half to Master Bates:
soothed - apaisé, apaiser, calmer, soulager
tinctured - teinture, rench: -neededr
nonce - nonce
heaving - le déchaussement, (heave), hisser
"What a pity it is he isn't a prig!"
prig - prig, bégueule
"Ah!" said Master Charles Bates; "he don't know what's good for him."
The Dodger sighed again, and resumed his pipe: as did Charley Bates. They both smoked, for some seconds, in silence.
"I suppose you don't even know what a prig is?" said the Dodger mournfully.
"I think I know that," replied Oliver, looking up. "It's a the"; you're one, are you not?" inquired Oliver, checking himself.
"I am," replied the Dodger. "I'd scorn to be anything else." Mr. Dawkins gave his hat a ferocious cock, after delivering this sentiment, and looked at Master Bates, as if to denote that he would feel obliged by his saying anything to the contrary.
cock - bite, coq
denote - dénote, dénoter, indiquer, marquer, signifier
"I am," repeated the Dodger. "So's Charley. So's Fagin. So's Sikes. So's Nancy. So's Bet. So we all are, down to the dog. And he's the downiest one of the lot!"
downiest - le plus bas, duveteux
"And the least given to peaching," added Charley Bates.
peaching - le pechage, (de) peche
"He wouldn't so much as bark in a witness-box, for fear of committing himself; no, not if you tied him up in one, and left him there without wittles for a fortnight," said the Dodger.
bark - l'écorce, écorce, coque, aboyer
fortnight - quinze jours, deux semaines, quinzaine
"Not a bit of it," observed Charley.
"He's a rum dog. Don't he look fierce at any strange cove that laughs or sings when he's in company!" pursued the Dodger. "Won't he growl at all, when he hears a fiddle playing! And don't he hate other dogs as ain't of his breed! Oh, no!"
fiddle - violon, tripoter
"He's an out-and-out Christian," said Charley.
This was merely intended as a tribute to the animal's abilities, but it was an appropriate remark in another sense, if Master Bates had only known it; for there are a good many ladies and gentlemen, claiming to be out-and-out Christians, between whom, and Mr. Sikes'dog, there exist strong and singular points of resemblance.
Christians - les chrétiens, chrétien, chrétienne, Christian
"Well, well," said the Dodger, recurring to the point from which they had strayed: with that mindfulness of his profession which influenced all his proceedings. "This hasn't got anything to do with young Green here."
recurring - récurrente, se reproduire
strayed - égaré, s'écarter de
mindfulness - la pleine conscience, pleine conscience
"No more it has," said Charley. "Why don't you put yourself under Fagin, Oliver?"
"And make your fortun'out of hand?" added the Dodger, with a grin.
fortun - fortun
"And so be able to retire on your property, and do the gen-teel: as I mean to, in the very next leap-year but four that ever comes, and the forty-second Tuesday in Trinity-week," said Charley Bates.
leap-year - (leap-year) année bissextile
Trinity - la trinité, triade
"I don't like it," rejoined Oliver, timidly; "I wish they would let me go. I"I"would rather go."
"And Fagin would rather not!" rejoined Charley.
Oliver knew this too well; but thinking it might be dangerous to express his feelings more openly, he only sighed, and went on with his boot-cleaning.
"Go!" exclaimed the Dodger. "Why, where's your spirit? Don't you take any pride out of yourself? Would you go and be dependent on your friends?"
"Oh, blow that!" said Master Bates: drawing two or three silk handkerchiefs from his pocket, and tossing them into a cupboard, "that's too mean; that is."
"I couldn't do it," said the Dodger, with an air of haughty disgust.
haughty - hautain, suffisant
disgust - dégout, dégouter, dégout
"You can leave your friends, though," said Oliver with a half smile; "and let them be punished for what you did."
"That," rejoined the Dodger, with a wave of his pipe, "That was all out of consideration for Fagin, 'cause the traps know that we work together, and he might have got into trouble if we hadn't made our lucky; that was the move, wasn't it, Charley?"
Master Bates nodded assent, and would have spoken, but the recollection of Oliver's flight came so suddenly upon him, that the smoke he was inhaling got entangled with a laugh, and went up into his head, and down into his throat: and brought on a fit of coughing and stamping, about five minutes long.
inhaling - l'inhalation, inspirer, aspirer, inhaler, ingurgiter
entangled - enchevetrés, intriquer, empetrer, tortiller
"Look here!" said the Dodger, drawing forth a handful of shillings and halfpence. "Here's a jolly life! What's the odds where it comes from? Here, catch hold; there's plenty more where they were took from. You won't, won't you? Oh, you precious flat!"
"It's naughty, ain't it, Oliver?" inquired Charley Bates. "He'll come to be scragged, won't he?"
"I don't know what that means," replied Oliver.
"Something in this way, old feller," said Charly. As he said it, Master Bates caught up an end of his neckerchief; and, holding it erect in the air, dropped his head on his shoulder, and jerked a curious sound through his teeth; thereby indicating, by a lively pantomimic representation, that scragging and hanging were one and the same thing.
feller - feller, (fell) feller
jerked - secoué, secousse
pantomimic - pantomime
"That's what it means," said Charley. "Look how he stares, Jack! I never did see such prime company as that 'ere boy; he'll be the death of me, I know he will." Master Charley Bates, having laughed heartily again, resumed his pipe with tears in his eyes.
"You've been brought up bad," said the Dodger, surveying his boots with much satisfaction when Oliver had polished them. "Fagin will make something of you, though, or you'll be the first he ever had that turned out unprofitable. You'd better begin at once; for You'll come to the trade long before you think of it; and you're only losing time, Oliver."
unprofitable - non rentable
You'll come - Vous viendrez
Master Bates backed this advice with sundry moral admonitions of his own: which, being exhausted, he and his friend Mr.
Dawkins launched into a glowing description of the numerous pleasures incidental to the life they led, interspersed with a variety of hints to Oliver that the best thing he could do, would be to secure Fagin's favour without more delay, by the means which they themselves had employed to gain it.
interspersed - entrecoupé, entremeler, intercaler
"And always put this in your pipe, Nolly," said the Dodger, as the Jew was heard unlocking the door above, "if you don't take fogels and tickers""
"What's the good of talking in that way?" interposed Master Bates; "he don't know what you mean."
"If you don't take pocket-handkechers and watches," said the Dodger, reducing his conversation to the level of Oliver's capacity, "some other cove will; so that the coves that lose 'em will be all the worse, and you'll be all the worse, too, and nobody half a ha'p'orth the better, except the chaps wot gets them"and you've just as good a right to them as they have."
handkechers - les handkechers
coves - criques, crique
"To be sure, to be sure!" said the Jew, who had entered unseen by Oliver. "It all lies in a nutshell my dear; in a nutshell, take the Dodger's word for it. Ha! ha! ha! He understands the catechism of his trade."
unseen - invisible
nutshell - en quelques mots, coque, coquille
catechism - catéchisme
The old man rubbed his hands gleefully together, as he corroborated the Dodger's reasoning in these terms; and chuckled with delight at his pupil's proficiency.
gleefully - avec joie
corroborated - corroborée, corroborer
proficiency - compétence
The conversation proceeded no farther at this time, for the Jew had returned home accompanied by Miss Betsy, and a gentleman whom Oliver had never seen before, but who was accosted by the Dodger as Tom Chitling; and who, having lingered on the stairs to exchange a few gallantries with the lady, now made his appearance.
Chitling - chitling
gallantries - galanteries, courage, galanterie
Mr. Chitling was older in years than the Dodger: having perhaps numbered eighteen winters; but there was a degree of deference in his deportment towards that young gentleman which seemed to indicate that he felt himself conscious of a slight inferiority in point of genius and professional aquirements.
deference - respect, déférence
deportment - comportement
inferiority - l'infériorité, infériorité
aquirements - exigences
He had small twinkling eyes, and a pock-marked face; wore a fur cap, a dark corduroy jacket, greasy fustian trousers, and an apron.
pock - pock
corduroy - velours côtelé
fustian - fustian, futaine
His wardrobe was, in truth, rather out of repair; but he excused himself to the company by stating that his "time" was only out an hour before; and that, in consequence of having worn the regimentals for six weeks past, he had not been able to bestow any attention on his private clothes. Mr.
wardrobe - garde-robe, armoire
Chitling added, with strong marks of irritation, that the new way of fumigating clothes up yonder was infernal unconstitutional, for it burnt holes in them, and there was no remedy against the County. The same remark he considered to apply to the regulation mode of cutting the hair: which he held to be decidedly unlawful. Mr.
irritation - l'irritation, irritation
fumigating - fumigation, désinfecter (par fumigation)
yonder - la-bas, la-bas
unconstitutional - inconstitutionnelle
unlawful - illégale
Chitling wound up his observations by stating that he had not touched a drop of anything for forty-two moral long hard-working days; and that he "wished he might be busted if he warn't as dry as a lime-basket."
busted - cassé, poitrine
lime - chaux, calcaire
"Where do you think the gentleman has come from, Oliver?" inquired the Jew, with a grin, as the other boys put a bottle of spirits on the table.
"I"I"don't know, sir," replied Oliver.
"Who's that?" inquired Tom Chitling, casting a contemptuous look at Oliver.
"A young friend of mine, my dear," replied the Jew.
"He's in luck, then," said the young man, with a meaning look at Fagin. "Never mind where I came from, young 'un; you'll find your way there, soon enough, I'll bet a crown!"
At this sally, the boys laughed. After some more jokes on the same subject, they exchanged a few short whispers with Fagin; and withdrew.
After some words apart between the last comer and Fagin, they drew their chairs towards the fire; and the Jew, telling Oliver to come and sit by him, led the conversation to the topics most calculated to interest his hearers. These were, the great advantages of the trade, the proficiency of the Dodger, the amiability of Charley Bates, and the liberality of the Jew himself.
amiability - l'amabilité
At length these subjects displayed signs of being thoroughly exhausted; and Mr. Chitling did the same: for the house of correction becomes fatiguing after a week or two. Miss Betsy accordingly withdrew; and left the party to their repose.
fatiguing - fatiguant, fatigue, épuisement, corvée, fatiguer
repose - repos
From this day, Oliver was seldom left alone; but was placed in almost constant communication with the two boys, who played the old game with the Jew every day: whether for their own improvement or Oliver's, Mr. Fagin best knew.
At other times the old man would tell them stories of robberies he had committed in his younger days: mixed up with so much that was droll and curious, that Oliver could not help laughing heartily, and showing that he was amused in spite of all his better feelings.
droll - drolatique, fantaisiste
In short, the wily old Jew had the boy in his toils. Having prepared his mind, by solitude and gloom, to prefer any society to the companionship of his own sad thoughts in such a dreary place, he was now slowly instilling into his soul the poison which he hoped would blacken it, and change its hue for ever.
wily - rusé, perfide, fourbe
toils - labeur, travailler
solitude - la solitude, solitude
instilling into - a inculquer
blacken - noircir, souiller, salir
It was a chill, damp, windy night, when the Jew: buttoning his great-coat tight round his shrivelled body, and pulling the collar up over his ears so as completely to obscure the lower part of his face: emerged from his den.
chill - refroidissement, froid
He paused on the step as the door was locked and chained behind him; and having listened while the boys made all secure, and until their retreating footsteps were no longer audible, slunk down the street as quickly as he could.
The house to which Oliver had been conveyed, was in the neighborhood of Whitechapel. The Jew stopped for an instant at the corner of the street; and, glancing suspiciously round, crossed the road, and struck off in the direction of the Spitalfields.
The mud lay thick upon the stones, and a black mist hung over the streets; the rain fell sluggishly down, and everything felt cold and clammy to the touch. It seemed just the night when it befitted such a being as the Jew to be abroad.
sluggishly - paresseusement
clammy - moite
befitted - convenable, convenir a, etre approprié pour
As he glided stealthily along, creeping beneath the shelter of the walls and doorways, the hideous old man seemed like some loathsome reptile, engendered in the slime and darkness through which he moved: crawling forth, by night, in search of some rich offal for a meal.
glided - glissé, glisser, planer
doorways - les portes, embrasure de la porte
loathsome - détestable, odieux, dégoutant
reptile - reptile
slime - de la bave, slime, glaire, bave
offal - des abats, abats
He kept on his course, through many winding and narrow ways, until he reached Bethnal Green; then, turning suddenly off to the left, he soon became involved in a maze of the mean and dirty streets which abound in that close and densely-populated quarter.
winding - bobinage, (wind) bobinage
abound - abondent, foisonner, abonder
populated - peuplé, peupler, remplir
The Jew was evidently too familiar with the ground he traversed to be at all bewildered, either by the darkness of the night, or the intricacies of the way. He hurried through several alleys and streets, and at length turned into one, lighted only by a single lamp at the farther end.
alleys - les allées, ruelle, allée
At the door of a house in this street, he knocked; having exchanged a few muttered words with the person who opened it, he walked upstairs.
A dog growled as he touched the handle of a room-door; and a man's voice demanded who was there.
"Only me, Bill; only me, my dear," said the Jew looking in.
"Bring in your body then," said Sikes. "Lie down, you stupid brute! Don't you know the devil when he's got a great-coat on?"
Apparently, the dog had been somewhat deceived by Mr. Fagin's outer garment; for as the Jew unbuttoned it, and threw it over the back of a chair, he retired to the corner from which he had risen: wagging his tail as he went, to show that he was as well satisfied as it was in his nature to be.
garment - de l'habillement, vetement
wagging - en train de s'agiter, frétiller, remuer, sécher
"Well!" said Sikes.
"Well, my dear," replied the Jew.""Ah! Nancy."
The latter recognition was uttered with just enough of embarrassment to imply a doubt of its reception; for Mr. Fagin and his young friend had not met, since she had interfered in behalf of Oliver. All doubts upon the subject, if he had any, were speedily removed by the young lady's behaviour.
She took her feet off the fender, pushed back her chair, and bade Fagin draw up his, without saying more about it: for it was a cold night, and no mistake.
Fender - fender, aile, garde-boue, défense
"It is cold, Nancy dear," said the Jew, as he warmed his skinny hands over the fire. "It seems to go right through one," added the old man, touching his side.
skinny - maigre
"It must be a piercer, if it finds its way through your heart," said Mr. Sikes. "Give him something to drink, Nancy. Burn my body, make haste! It's enough to turn a man ill, to see his lean old carcase shivering in that way, like a ugly ghost just rose from the grave."
piercer - pierceur
carcase - carcasse
Nancy quickly brought a bottle from a cupboard, in which there were many: which, to judge from the diversity of their appearance, were filled with several kinds of liquids. Sikes pouring out a glass of brandy, bade the Jew drink it off.
brandy - du brandy, cognac, brandy, eau-de-vie
"Quite enough, quite, thankye, Bill," replied the Jew, putting down the glass after just setting his lips to it.
thankye - merci
"What! You're afraid of our getting the better of you, are you?" inquired Sikes, fixing his eyes on the Jew. "Ugh!"
With a hoarse grunt of contempt, Mr. Sikes seized the glass, and threw the remainder of its contents into the ashes: as a preparatory ceremony to filling it again for himself: which he did at once.
grunt - grognement, bidasse, troufion, grogner
The Jew glanced round the room, as his companion tossed down the second glassful; not in curiousity, for he had seen it often before; but in a restless and suspicious manner habitual to him.
glassful - verre
restless - inquiet, agité, checkimpatient
It was a meanly furnished apartment, with nothing but the contents of the closet to induce the belief that its occupier was anything but a working man; and with no more suspicious articles displayed to view than two or three heavy bludgeons which stood in a corner, and a "life-preserver" that hung over the chimney-piece.
meanly - méchamment
closet - placard
occupier - l'occupant, occupant, occupante
more suspicious - plus suspect
bludgeons - matraques, matraque, matraquer, soutirer
preserver - conservateur
"There," said Sikes, smacking his lips. "Now I'm ready."
smacking - la gifle, (smack) la gifle
I'm ready - Je suis pret
"For business?" inquired the Jew.
"For business," replied Sikes; "so say what you've got to say."
"About the crib at Chertsey, Bill?" said the Jew, drawing his chair forward, and speaking in a very low voice.
"Yes. Wot about it?" inquired Sikes.
"Ah! you know what I mean, my dear," said the Jew. "He knows what I mean, Nancy; don't he?"
"No, he don't," sneered Mr. Sikes. "Or he won't, and that's the same thing. Speak out, and call things by their right names; don't sit there, winking and blinking, and talking to me in hints, as if you warn't the very first that thought about the robbery. Wot d'ye mean?"
blinking - clignotant, ciller, cligner des yeux, clignoter
"Hush, Bill, hush!" said the Jew, who had in vain attempted to stop this burst of indignation; "somebody will hear us, my dear. Somebody will hear us."
vain - vaine, rench: vaniteux, frivole, vain, futile
"Let 'em hear!" said Sikes; "I don't care." But as Mr. Sikes did care, on reflection, he dropped his voice as he said the words, and grew calmer.
"There, there," said the Jew, coaxingly. "It was only my caution, nothing more. Now, my dear, about that crib at Chertsey; when is it to be done, Bill, eh? When is it to be done? Such plate, my dear, such plate!" said the Jew: rubbing his hands, and elevating his eyebrows in a rapture of anticipation.
rapture - le ravissement, ravissement, enlevement
"Not at all," replied Sikes coldly.
coldly - froidement
"Not to be done at all!" echoed the Jew, leaning back in his chair.
"No, not at all," rejoined Sikes. "At least it can't be a put-up job, as we expected."
"Then it hasn't been properly gone about," said the Jew, turning pale with anger. "Don't tell me!"
turning pale - pâlir
"But I will tell you," retorted Sikes. "Who are you that's not to be told? I tell you that Toby Crackit has been hanging about the place for a fortnight, and he can't get one of the servants in line."
hanging about - en train de traîner
"Do you mean to tell me, Bill," said the Jew: softening as the other grew heated: "that neither of the two men in the house can be got over?"
softening - l'adoucissement, adoucissant, amollissant
"Yes, I do mean to tell you so," replied Sikes. "The old lady has had 'em these twenty years; and if you were to give 'em five hundred pound, they wouldn't be in it."
"But do you mean to say, my dear," remonstrated the Jew, "that the women can't be got over?"
"Not a bit of it," replied Sikes.
"Not by flash Toby Crackit?" said the Jew incredulously. "Think what women are, Bill,"
incredulously - avec incrédulité
"No; not even by flash Toby Crackit," replied Sikes. "He says he's worn sham whiskers, and a canary waistcoat, the whole blessed time he's been loitering down there, and it's all of no use."
sham - simulacre, simili
Canary - canari, jaune canari
"He should have tried mustachios and a pair of military trousers, my dear," said the Jew.
"So he did," rejoined Sikes, "and they warn't of no more use than the other plant."
The Jew looked blank at this information. After ruminating for some minutes with his chin sunk on his breast, he raised his head and said, with a deep sigh, that if flash Toby Crackit reported aright, he feared the game was up.
ruminating - ruminant, ruminer
"And yet," said the old man, dropping his hands on his knees, "it's a sad thing, my dear, to lose so much when we had set our hearts upon it."
"So it is," said Mr. Sikes. "Worse luck!"
Worse luck - Pas de chance
A long silence ensued; during which the Jew was plunged in deep thought, with his face wrinkled into an expression of villainy perfectly demoniacal. Sikes eyed him furtively from time to time. Nancy, apparently fearful of irritating the housebreaker, sat with her eyes fixed upon the fire, as if she had been deaf to all that passed.
villainy - méchanceté
demoniacal - démoniaque
furtively - furtivement
irritating - irritant, agacer (displeasure)
"Fagin," said Sikes, abruptly breaking the stillness that prevailed; "is it worth fifty shiners extra, if it's safely done from the outside?"
"Yes," said the Jew, as suddenly rousing himself.
"Is it a bargain?" inquired Sikes.
"Yes, my dear, yes," rejoined the Jew; his eyes glistening, and every muscle in his face working, with the excitement that the inquiry had awakened.
glistening - scintillant, reluire
"Then," said Sikes, thrusting aside the Jew's hand, with some disdain, "let it come off as soon as you like. Toby and me were over the garden-wall the night afore last, sounding the panels of the door and shutters. The crib's barred up at night like a jail; but there's one part we can crack, safe and softly."
disdain - dédain, mépris, dédaigner, mépriser
"Which is that, Bill?" asked the Jew eagerly.
"Why," whispered Sikes, "as you cross the lawn""
"Yes?" said the Jew, bending his head forward, with his eyes almost starting out of it.
"Umph!" cried Sikes, stopping short, as the girl, scarcely moving her head, looked suddenly round, and pointed for an instant to the Jew's face. "Never mind which part it is. You can't do it without me, I know; but it's best to be on the safe side when one deals with you."
Umph - umph
"As you like, my dear, as you like" replied the Jew. "Is there no help wanted, but yours and Toby's?"
"None," said Sikes. "Cept a centre-bit and a boy. The first we've both got; the second you must find us."
cept - cept
"A boy!" exclaimed the Jew. "Oh! then it's a panel, eh?"
"Never mind wot it is!" replied Sikes. "I want a boy, and he musn't be a big 'un. Lord!" said Mr. Sikes, reflectively, "if I'd only got that young boy of Ned, the chimbley-sweeper's! He kept him small on purpose, and let him out by the job.
reflectively - de maniere réfléchie
sweeper - balayeur, libéro, libero
But the father gets lagged; and then the Juvenile Delinquent Society comes, and takes the boy away from a trade where he was earning money, teaches him to read and write, and in time makes a 'prentice of him. And so they go on," said Mr.
delinquent - délinquant
Sikes, his wrath rising with the recollection of his wrongs, "so they go on; and, if they'd got money enough (which it's a Providence they haven't,) we shouldn't have half a dozen boys left in the whole trade, in a year or two."
Providence - la providence, Providence
"No more we should," acquiesced the Jew, who had been considering during this speech, and had only caught the last sentence. "Bill!"
"What now?" inquired Sikes.
The Jew nodded his head towards Nancy, who was still gazing at the fire; and intimated, by a sign, that he would have her told to leave the room. Sikes shrugged his shoulders impatiently, as if he thought the precaution unnecessary; but complied, nevertheless, by requesting Miss Nancy to fetch him a jug of beer.
precaution - précaution
"You don't want any beer," said Nancy, folding her arms, and retaining her seat very composedly.
"I tell you I do!" replied Sikes.
"Nonsense," rejoined the girl coolly, "Go on, Fagin. I know what he's going to say, Bill; he needn't mind me."
The Jew still hesitated. Sikes looked from one to the other in some surprise.
"Why, you don't mind the old girl, do you, Fagin?" he asked at length. "You've known her long enough to trust her, or the Devil's in it. She ain't one to blab. Are you Nancy?"
"I should think not!" replied the young lady: drawing her chair up to the table, and putting her elbows upon it.
"No, no, my dear, I know you're not," said the Jew; "but"" and again the old man paused.
"But wot?" inquired Sikes.
"I didn't know whether she mightn't p'r'aps be out of sorts, you know, my dear, as she was the other night," replied the Jew.
mightn - pourrait
At this confession, Miss Nancy burst into a loud laugh; and, swallowing a glass of brandy, shook her head with an air of defiance, and burst into sundry exclamations of "Keep the game a-going!" "Never say die!" and the like. These seemed to have the effect of re-assuring both gentlemen; for the Jew nodded his head with a satisfied air, and resumed his seat: as did Mr. Sikes likewise.
"Now, Fagin," said Nancy with a laugh. "Tell Bill at once, about Oliver!"
"Ha! you're a clever one, my dear: the sharpest girl I ever saw!" said the Jew, patting her on the neck. "It was about Oliver I was going to speak, sure enough. Ha! ha! ha!"
"What about him?" demanded Sikes.
"He's the boy for you, my dear," replied the Jew in a hoarse whisper; laying his finger on the side of his nose, and grinning frightfully.
frightfully - effrayante
"He!" exclaimed Sikes.
"Have him, Bill!" said Nancy. "I would, if I was in your place. He mayn't be so much up, as any of the others; but that's not what you want, if he's only to open a door for you. Depend upon it he's a safe one, Bill."
"I know he is," rejoined Fagin. "He's been in good training these last few weeks, and it's time he began to work for his bread. Besides, the others are all too big."
"Well, he is just the size I want," said Mr. Sikes, ruminating.
"And will do everything you want, Bill, my dear," interposed the Jew; "he can't help himself. That is, if you frighten him enough."
"Frighten him!" echoed Sikes. "It'll be no sham frightening, mind you. If there's anything queer about him when we once get into the work; in for a penny, in for a pound. You won't see him alive again, Fagin. Think of that, before you send him. Mark my words!" said the robber, poising a crowbar, which he had drawn from under the bedstead.
poising - l'empoisonnement, assurance, aisance, sang-froid, aplomb, poise
crowbar - pied de biche, pied-de-biche, pince-monseigneur
"I've thought of it all," said the Jew with energy. "I've"I've had my eye upon him, my dears, close"close. Once let him feel that he is one of us; once fill his mind with the idea that he has been a thief; and he's ours! Ours for his life. Oho! It couldn't have come about better!
" The old man crossed his arms upon his breast; and, drawing his head and shoulders into a heap, literally hugged himself for joy.
hugged - étreint, embrassade, étreinte, câlin, accolade, étreindre
"Ours!" said Sikes. "Yours, you mean."
"Perhaps I do, my dear," said the Jew, with a shrill chuckle. "Mine, if you like, Bill."
"And wot," said Sikes, scowling fiercely on his agreeable friend, "wot makes you take so much pains about one chalk-faced kid, when you know there are fifty boys snoozing about Common Garden every night, as you might pick and choose from?"
chalk - craie, magnésie
snoozing - roupiller, faire une sieste, faire un somme, qualifier
"Because they're of no use to me, my dear," replied the Jew, with some confusion, "not worth the taking. Their looks convict 'em when they get into trouble, and I lose 'em all. With this boy, properly managed, my dears, I could do what I couldn't with twenty of them.
Besides," said the Jew, recovering his self-possession, "he has us now if he could only give us leg-bail again; and he must be in the same boat with us. Never mind how he came there; it's quite enough for my power over him that he was in a robbery; that's all I want.
Now, how much better this is, than being obliged to put the poor leetle boy out of the way"which would be dangerous, and we should lose by it besides."
"When is it to be done?" asked Nancy, stopping some turbulent exclamation on the part of Mr. Sikes, expressive of the disgust with which he received Fagin's affectation of humanity.
affectation - affectation
"Ah, to be sure," said the Jew; "when is it to be done, Bill?"
"I planned with Toby, the night arter to-morrow," rejoined Sikes in a surly voice, "if he heerd nothing from me to the contrairy."
"Good," said the Jew; "there's no moon."
"No," rejoined Sikes.
"It's all arranged about bringing off the swag, is it?" asked the Jew.
swag - swag, butin
"Oh, ah, it's all planned," rejoined Sikes, interrupting him. "Never mind particulars. You'd better bring the boy here to-morrow night. I shall get off the stone an hour arter daybreak. Then you hold your tongue, and keep the melting-pot ready, and that's all you'll have to do."
daybreak - l'aube, point du jour
After some discussion, in which all three took an active part, it was decided that Nancy should repair to the Jew's next evening when the night had set in, and bring Oliver away with her; Fagin craftily observing, that, if he evinced any disinclination to the task, he would be more willing to accompany the girl who had so recently interfered in his behalf, than anybody else.
craftily - de maniere astucieuse
disinclination - la réticence, réticence
It was also solemnly arranged that poor Oliver should, for the purposes of the contemplated expedition, be unreservedly consigned to the care and custody of Mr.
unreservedly - sans réserve
William Sikes; and further, that the said Sikes should deal with him as he thought fit; and should not be held responsible by the Jew for any mischance or evil that might be necessary to visit him: it being understood that, to render the compact in this respect binding, any representations made by Mr.
mischance - malchance
compact - compact, compacter
Sikes on his return should be required to be confirmed and corroborated, in all important particulars, by the testimony of flash Toby Crackit.
These preliminaries adjusted, Mr. Sikes proceeded to drink brandy at a furious rate, and to flourish the crowbar in an alarming manner; yelling forth, at the same time, most unmusical snatches of song, mingled with wild execrations.
unmusical - sans musique
snatches - des arrachages de dents, empoigner, happer, saisir, arracher
execrations - exécutions, exécration
At length, in a fit of professional enthusiasm, he insisted upon producing his box of housebreaking tools: which he had no sooner stumbled in with, and opened for the purpose of explaining the nature and properties of the various implements it contained, and the peculiar beauties of their construction, than he fell over the box upon the floor, and went to sleep where he fell.
housebreaking - l'apprentissage de la propreté, (housebreak) l'apprentissage de la propreté
"Good-night, Nancy," said the Jew, muffling himself up as before.
muffling - l'assourdissement, assourdissant, (muffle), couvrir
Their eyes met, and the Jew scrutinised her, narrowly. There was no flinching about the girl. She was as true and earnest in the matter as Toby Crackit himself could be.
narrowly - de façon étroite, étroitement
flinching - flancher, tressaillir
The Jew again bade her good-night, and, bestowing a sly kick upon the prostrate form of Mr. Sikes while her back was turned, groped downstairs.
prostrate - prostrée, prosterner
groped - tripoté, tâter, tâtonner, tripoter, peloter
"Always the way!" muttered the Jew to himself as he turned homeward. "The worst of these women is, that a very little thing serves to call up some long-forgotten feeling; and, the best of them is, that it never lasts. Ha! ha! The man against the child, for a bag of gold!"
homeward - en direction de la maison
Beguiling the time with these pleasant reflections, Mr. Fagin wended his way, through mud and mire, to his gloomy abode: where the Dodger was sitting up, impatiently awaiting his return.
beguiling - séduisante, duper, tromper, induire en erreur, exalter
mire - fange
"Is Oliver a-bed? I want to speak to him," was his first remark as they descended the stairs.
"Hours ago," replied the Dodger, throwing open a door. "Here he is!"
The boy was lying, fast asleep, on a rude bed upon the floor; so pale with anxiety, and sadness, and the closeness of his prison, that he looked like death; not death as it shows in shroud and coffin, but in the guise it wears when life has just departed; when a young and gentle spirit has, but an instant, fled to Heaven, and the gross air of the world has not had time to breathe upon the changing dust it hallowed.
sadness - tristesse, malheur
guise - guise, configuration
"Not now," said the Jew, turning softly away. "To-morrow. To-morrow."
When Oliver awoke in the morning, he was a good deal surprised to find that a new pair of shoes, with strong thick soles, had been placed at his bedside; and that his old shoes had been removed.
At first, he was pleased with the discovery: hoping that it might be the forerunner of his release; but such thoughts were quickly dispelled, on his sitting down to breakfast along with the Jew, who told him, in a tone and manner which increased his alarm, that he was to be taken to the residence of Bill Sikes that night.
forerunner - précurseur, rench: prédécesseur avant coureur
dispelled - dissipé, chasser, dissiper
"To"to"stop there, sir?" asked Oliver, anxiously.
"No, no, my dear. Not to stop there," replied the Jew. "We shouldn't like to lose you. Don't be afraid, Oliver, you shall come back to us again. Ha! ha! ha! We won't be so cruel as to send you away, my dear. Oh no, no!"
The old man, who was stooping over the fire toasting a piece of bread, looked round as he bantered Oliver thus; and chuckled as if to show that he knew he would still be very glad to get away if he could.
bantered - badinage, plaisanterie, badiner, s'amuser, taquiner
"I suppose," said the Jew, fixing his eyes on Oliver, "you want to know what you're going to Bill's for"-eh, my dear?"
Oliver coloured, involuntarily, to find that the old thief had been reading his thoughts; but boldly said, Yes, he did want to know.
"Why, do you think?" inquired Fagin, parrying the question.
parrying - la parade, parer, parade
"Indeed I don't know, sir," replied Oliver.
"Bah!" said the Jew, turning away with a disappointed countenance from a close perusal of the boy's face. "Wait till Bill tells you, then."
The Jew seemed much vexed by Oliver's not expressing any greater curiosity on the subject; but the truth is, that, although Oliver felt very anxious, he was too much confused by the earnest cunning of Fagin's looks, and his own speculations, to make any further inquiries just then. He had no other opportunity: for the Jew remained very surly and silent till night: when he prepared to go abroad.
vexed - contrarié, ennuyer, énerver, vexer 'informal', tourmenter, vexer
cunning - astucieux, rusé
go abroad - aller a l'étranger
"You may burn a candle," said the Jew, putting one upon the table. "And here's a book for you to read, till they come to fetch you. Good-night!"
"Good-night!" replied Oliver, softly.
The Jew walked to the door: looking over his shoulder at the boy as he went. Suddenly stopping, he called him by his name.
Oliver looked up; the Jew, pointing to the candle, motioned him to light it. He did so; and, as he placed the candlestick upon the table, saw that the Jew was gazing fixedly at him, with lowering and contracted brows, from the dark end of the room.
candlestick - chandelier
fixedly - fixement
lowering - baissant, (lower) baissant
"Take heed, Oliver! take heed!" said the old man, shaking his right hand before him in a warning manner. "He's a rough man, and thinks nothing of blood when his own is up. Whatever falls out, say nothing; and do what he bids you. Mind!" Placing a strong emphasis on the last word, he suffered his features gradually to resolve themselves into a ghastly grin, and, nodding his head, left the room.
Oliver leaned his head upon his hand when the old man disappeared, and pondered, with a trembling heart, on the words he had just heard. The more he thought of the Jew's admonition, the more he was at a loss to divine its real purpose and meaning.
pondered - réfléchi, songer, réfléchir, interroger
He could think of no bad object to be attained by sending him to Sikes, which would not be equally well answered by his remaining with Fagin; and after meditating for a long time, concluded that he had been selected to perform some ordinary menial offices for the housebreaker, until another boy, better suited for his purpose could be engaged.
menial - de la vie quotidienne, ancillaire, subalterne, domestique
He was too well accustomed to suffering, and had suffered too much where he was, to bewail the prospect of change very severely. He remained lost in thought for some minutes; and then, with a heavy sigh, snuffed the candle, and, taking up the book which the Jew had left with him, began to read.
bewail - se lamenter, pleurer, déplorer
snuffed - étouffé, tabac a priser
He turned over the leaves. Carelessly at first; but, lighting on a passage which attracted his attention, he soon became intent upon the volume. It was a history of the lives and trials of great criminals; and the pages were soiled and thumbed with use.
Here, he read of dreadful crimes that made the blood run cold; of secret murders that had been committed by the lonely wayside; of bodies hidden from the eye of man in deep pits and wells: which would not keep them down, deep as they were, but had yielded them up at last, after many years, and so maddened the murderers with the sight, that in their horror they had confessed their guilt, and yelled for the gibbet to end their agony. Here, too, he read of men who, lying in their beds at dead of night, had been tempted (so they said) and led on, by their own bad thoughts, to such dreadful bloodshed as it made the flesh creep, and the limbs quail, to think of. The terrible descriptions were so real and vivid, that the sallow pages seemed to turn red with gore; and the words upon them, to be sounded in his ears, as if they were whispered, in hollow murmurs, by the spirits of the dead.
gibbet - gibet, potence
bloodshed - l'effusion de sang, effusion de sang, carnage
quail - caille
sallow - pâle, incolore, pâlot, blafard
turn red - devient rouge
gore - gore, sang (coagulé)
murmurs - murmures, murmure, rumeur, souffle, murmurer
In a paroxysm of fear, the boy closed the book, and thrust it from him. Then, falling upon his knees, he prayed Heaven to spare him from such deeds; and rather to will that he should die at once, than be reserved for crimes, so fearful and appalling.
appalling - épouvantable, effroyable, (appal)
By degrees, he grew more calm, and besought, in a low and broken voice, that he might be rescued from his present dangers; and that if any aid were to be raised up for a poor outcast boy who had never known the love of friends or kindred, it might come to him now, when, desolate and deserted, he stood alone in the midst of wickedness and guilt.
besought - demandé, prier, implorer, supplier
outcast - exclu, faillir
kindred - apparentés, tribu
He had concluded his prayer, but still remained with his head buried in his hands, when a rustling noise aroused him.
rustling - bruissement, (rustle), froufrou, froufrouter
aroused - excité, émoustiller, exciter
"What's that!" he cried, starting up, and catching sight of a figure standing by the door. "Who's there?"
"Me. Only me," replied a tremulous voice.
Oliver raised the candle above his head: and looked towards the door. It was Nancy.
"Put down the light," said the girl, turning away her head. "It hurts my eyes."
Oliver saw that she was very pale, and gently inquired if she were ill. The girl threw herself into a chair, with her back towards him: and wrung her hands; but made no reply.
wrung - tordus, essorer
"God forgive me!" she cried after a while, "I never thought of this."
"Has anything happened?" asked Oliver. "Can I help you? I will if I can. I will, indeed."
She rocked herself to and fro; caught her throat; and, uttering a gurgling sound, gasped for breath.
gurgling - gargouillis, (gurgle), gargouiller
gasped - haletant, retenir son souffle, haleter, ahaner, haletement
"Nancy!" cried Oliver, "What is it?"
The girl beat her hands upon her knees, and her feet upon the ground; and, suddenly stopping, drew her shawl close round her: and shivered with cold.
shivered - frissonné, frissonner
Oliver stirred the fire. Drawing her chair close to it, she sat there, for a little time, without speaking; but at length she raised her head, and looked round.
"I don't know what comes over me sometimes," said she, affecting to busy herself in arranging her dress; "it's this damp dirty room, I think. Now, Nolly, dear, are you ready?"
"Am I to go with you?" asked Oliver.
"Yes. I have come from Bill," replied the girl. "You are to go with me."
"What for?" asked Oliver, recoiling.
"What for?" echoed the girl, raising her eyes, and averting them again, the moment they encountered the boy's face. "Oh! For no harm."
averting - l'évitement, prévenir
"I don't believe it," said Oliver: who had watched her closely.
"Have it your own way," rejoined the girl, affecting to laugh. "For no good, then."
Oliver could see that he had some power over the girl's better feelings, and, for an instant, thought of appealing to her compassion for his helpless state. But, then, the thought darted across his mind that it was barely eleven o'clock; and that many people were still in the streets: of whom surely some might be found to give credence to his tale.
credence - crédibilité, crédit
As the reflection occured to him, he stepped forward: and said, somewhat hastily, that he was ready.
occured - s'est-elle produite
Neither his brief consideration, nor its purport, was lost on his companion. She eyed him narrowly, while he spoke; and cast upon him a look of intelligence which sufficiently showed that she guessed what had been passing in his thoughts.
purport - purport, prétendre, avoir l'intention
"Hush!" said the girl, stooping over him, and pointing to the door as she looked cautiously round. "You can't help yourself. I have tried hard for you, but all to no purpose. You are hedged round and round. If ever you are to get loose from here, this is not the time."
hedged - couvert, haie
Struck by the energy of her manner, Oliver looked up in her face with great surprise. She seemed to speak the truth; her countenance was white and agitated; and she trembled with very earnestness.
earnestness - le sérieux
"I have saved you from being ill-used once, and I will again, and I do now," continued the girl aloud; "for those who would have fetched you, if I had not, would have been far more rough than me. I have promised for your being quiet and silent; if you are not, you will only do harm to yourself and me too, and perhaps be my death. See here!
fetched - fouillé, aller chercher
I have borne all this for you already, as true as God sees me show it."
She pointed, hastily, to some livid bruises on her neck and arms; and continued, with great rapidity:
livid - livide, furieux
bruises - des bleus, contusionner, meurtrir, taler, cotir, se taler
"Remember this! And don't let me suffer more for you, just now. If I could help you, I would; but I have not the power. They don't mean to harm you; whatever they make you do, is no fault of yours. Hush! Every word from you is a blow for me. Give me your hand. Make haste! Your hand!"
She caught the hand which Oliver instinctively placed in hers, and, blowing out the light, drew him after her up the stairs. The door was opened, quickly, by some one shrouded in the darkness, and was as quickly closed, when they had passed out.
A hackney-cabriolet was in waiting; with the same vehemence which she had exhibited in addressing Oliver, the girl pulled him in with her, and drew the curtains close. The driver wanted no directions, but lashed his horse into full speed, without the delay of an instant.
hackney - haquenée, hackney
cabriolet - cabriolet
lashed - fouetté, cil
The girl still held Oliver fast by the hand, and continued to pour into his ear, the warnings and assurances she had already imparted. All was so quick and hurried, that he had scarcely time to recollect where he was, or how he came there, when the carriage stopped at the house to which the Jew's steps had been directed on the previous evening.
warnings - des avertissements, avertissement, attention
For one brief moment, Oliver cast a hurried glance along the empty street, and a cry for help hung upon his lips. But the girl's voice was in his ear, beseeching him in such tones of agony to remember her, that he had not the heart to utter it. While he hesitated, the opportunity was gone; he was already in the house, and the door was shut.
beseeching - l'imploration, adjurant, (beseech), prier, implorer, supplier
utter - l'utérus, émettre
"This way," said the girl, releasing her hold for the first time. "Bill!"
"Hallo!" replied Sikes: appearing at the head of the stairs, with a candle. "Oh! That's the time of day. Come on!"
This was a very strong expression of approbation, an uncommonly hearty welcome, from a person of Mr. Sikes'temperament. Nancy, appearing much gratified thereby, saluted him cordially.
approbation - approbation
uncommonly - de maniere inhabituelle
temperament - tempérament
saluted - salué, saluer, faire un salut
"Bull's-eye's gone home with Tom," observed Sikes, as he lighted them up. "He'd have been in the way."
"That's right," rejoined Nancy.
"So you've got the kid," said Sikes when they had all reached the room: closing the door as he spoke.
"Yes, here he is," replied Nancy.
"Did he come quiet?" inquired Sikes.
"Like a lamb," rejoined Nancy.
"I'm glad to hear it," said Sikes, looking grimly at Oliver; "for the sake of his young carcase: as would otherways have suffered for it. Come here, young 'un; and let me read you a lectur', which is as well got over at once."
grimly - sinistre
otherways - d'autres façons
lectur - lectur
Thus addressing his new pupil, Mr. Sikes pulled off Oliver's cap and threw it into a corner; and then, taking him by the shoulder, sat himself down by the table, and stood the boy in front of him.
"Now, first: do you know wot this is?" inquired Sikes, taking up a pocket-pistol which lay on the table.
pistol - pistolet
Oliver replied in the affirmative.
"Well, then, look here," continued Sikes. "This is powder; that 'ere's a bullet; and this is a little bit of a old hat for waddin'."
Oliver murmured his comprehension of the different bodies referred to; and Mr. Sikes proceeded to load the pistol, with great nicety and deliberation.
comprehension - compréhension, entendement
nicety - nicety, délicatesse, subtilité
"Now it's loaded," said Mr. Sikes, when he had finished.
"Yes, I see it is, sir," replied Oliver.
"Well," said the robber, grasping Oliver's wrist, and putting the barrel so close to his temple that they touched; at which moment the boy could not repress a start; "if you speak a word when you're out o'doors with me, except when I speak to you, that loading will be in your head without notice. So, if you do make up your mind to speak without leave, say your prayers first."
Having bestowed a scowl upon the object of this warning, to increase its effect, Mr. Sikes continued.
"As near as I know, there isn't anybody as would be asking very partickler arter you, if you was disposed of; so I needn't take this devil-and-all of trouble to explain matters to you, if it warn't for your own good. D'ye hear me?"
"The short and the long of what you mean," said Nancy: speaking very emphatically, and slightly frowning at Oliver as if to bespeak his serious attention to her words: "is, that if you're crossed by him in this job you have on hand, you'll prevent his ever telling tales afterwards, by shooting him through the head, and will take your chance of swinging for it, as you do for a great many other things in the way of business, every month of your life."
emphatically - avec insistance
frowning - froncer les sourcils
"That's it!" observed Mr. Sikes, approvingly; "women can always put things in fewest words."Except when it's blowing up; and then they lengthens it out. And now that he's thoroughly up to it, let's have some supper, and get a snooze before starting."
lengthens - s'allonge, rallonger
snooze - snooze, faire une sieste, faire un somme
In pursuance of this request, Nancy quickly laid the cloth; disappearing for a few minutes, she presently returned with a pot of porter and a dish of sheep's heads: which gave occasion to several pleasant witticisms on the part of Mr. Sikes, founded upon the singular coincidence of "jemmies" being a can name, common to them, and also to an ingenious implement much used in his profession.
witticisms - des traits d'esprit, mot d'esprit, trait d'esprit
Indeed, the worthy gentleman, stimulated perhaps by the immediate prospect of being on active service, was in great spirits and good humour; in proof whereof, it may be here remarked, that he humourously drank all the beer at a draught, and did not utter, on a rough calculation, more than four-score oaths during the whole progress of the meal.
whereof - de quoi s'agit-il, dont
humourously - avec humour
rough calculation - un calcul approximatif
oaths - serments, serment, juron, jurer
Supper being ended"it may be easily conceived that Oliver had no great appetite for it"Mr. Sikes disposed of a couple of glasses of spirits and water, and threw himself on the bed; ordering Nancy, with many imprecations in case of failure, to call him at five precisely.
Oliver stretched himself in his clothes, by command of the same authority, on a mattress upon the floor; and the girl, mending the fire, sat before it, in readiness to rouse them at the appointed time.
mending - raccommodage, (mend), réparer, raccommoder, rapiécer
appointed time - l'heure prévue
For a long time Oliver lay awake, thinking it not impossible that Nancy might seek that opportunity of whispering some further advice; but the girl sat brooding over the fire, without moving, save now and then to trim the light. Weary with watching and anxiety, he at length fell asleep.
trim - de l'habillage, tailler, compenser, compensation
When he awoke, the table was covered with tea-things, and Sikes was thrusting various articles into the pockets of his great-coat, which hung over the back of a chair. Nancy was busily engaged in preparing breakfast. It was not yet daylight; for the candle was still burning, and it was quite dark outside. A sharp rain, too, was beating against the window-panes; and the sky looked black and cloudy.
busily - avec activité
daylight - la lumiere du jour, jour, lumiere du jour
panes - vitres, vitre
cloudy - nuageux, trouble, brumeux, nébuleux, opaque
"Now, then!" growled Sikes, as Oliver started up; "half-past five! Look sharp, or you'll get no breakfast; for it's late as it is."
Look sharp - avoir fiere allure
Oliver was not long in making his toilet; having taken some breakfast, he replied to a surly inquiry from Sikes, by saying that he was quite ready.
Nancy, scarcely looking at the boy, threw him a handkerchief to tie round his throat; Sikes gave him a large rough cape to button over his shoulders. Thus attired, he gave his hand to the robber, who, merely pausing to show him with a menacing gesture that he had that same pistol in a side-pocket of his great-coat, clasped it firmly in his, and, exchanging a farewell with Nancy, led him away.
side-pocket - (side-pocket) poche latérale
Farewell - adieu, prendre congé, dire adieu, faire ses adieux
Oliver turned, for an instant, when they reached the door, in the hope of meeting a look from the girl. But she had resumed her old seat in front of the fire, and sat, perfectly motionless before it.
It was a cheerless morning when they got into the street; blowing and raining hard; and the clouds looking dull and stormy. The night had been very wet: large pools of water had collected in the road: and the kennels were overflowing.
cheerless - sans joie
stormy - orageux
kennels - chenils, niche
overflowing - débordant, (overflow), débordement, déborder, checktransborder
There was a faint glimmering of the coming day in the sky; but it rather aggravated than relieved the gloom of the scene: the sombre light only serving to pale that which the street lamps afforded, without shedding any warmer or brighter tints upon the wet house-tops, and dreary streets.
tints - teintes, nuance, teinte
There appeared to be nobody stirring in that quarter of the town; the windows of the houses were all closely shut; and the streets through which they passed, were noiseless and empty.
noiseless - sans bruit, silencieux
By the time they had turned into the Bethnal Green Road, the day had fairly begun to break.
Many of the lamps were already extinguished; a few country waggons were slowly toiling on, towards London; now and then, a stage-coach, covered with mud, rattled briskly by: the driver bestowing, as he passed, an admonitory lash upon the heavy waggoner who, by keeping on the wrong side of the road, had endangered his arriving at the office, a quarter of a minute after his time.
extinguished - éteinte, éteindre
waggoner - waggoner
endangered - en danger, compromettre
The public-houses, with gas-lights burning inside, were already open. By degrees, other shops began to be unclosed, and a few scattered people were met with.
Then, came straggling groups of labourers going to their work; then, men and women with fish-baskets on their heads; donkey-carts laden with vegetables; chaise-carts filled with live-stock or whole carcasses of meat; milk-women with pails; an unbroken concourse of people, trudging out with various supplies to the eastern suburbs of the town.
straggling - en retard, (straggle) en retard
live-stock - (live-stock) du bétail vivant
carcasses - carcasses, carcasse, cadavre
pails - seaux, seau
unbroken - ininterrompue
concourse - hall d'entrée, hall
trudging - a la traîne, (trudge), marcher, crapahuter
As they approached the City, the noise and traffic gradually increased; when they threaded the streets between Shoreditch and Smithfield, it had swelled into a roar of sound and bustle. It was as light as it was likely to be, till night came on again, and the busy morning of half the London population had begun.
swelled - gonflé, enfler, gonfler
Turning down Sun Street and Crown Street, and crossing Finsbury square, Mr. Sikes struck, by way of Chiswell Street, into Barbican: thence into Long Lane, and so into Smithfield; from which latter place arose a tumult of discordant sounds that filled Oliver Twist with amazement.
Barbican - barbican, barbacane
tumult - tumultes, barouf, baroufe, bagarre
discordant - discordant
It was market-morning. The ground was covered, nearly ankle-deep, with filth and mire; a thick steam, perpetually rising from the reeking bodies of the cattle, and mingling with the fog, which seemed to rest upon the chimney-tops, hung heavily above.
reeking - puant, puanteur
mingling - se meler, (mingle), mélanger
Fog - le brouillard, masquer, brume, brouillard
rest upon - repose sur
All the pens in the centre of the large area, and as many temporary pens as could be crowded into the vacant space, were filled with sheep; tied up to posts by the gutter side were long lines of beasts and oxen, three or four deep.
vacant - vacant, vide, niais
gutter - gouttiere, rigole
oxen - des boufs
Countrymen, butchers, drovers, hawkers, boys, thieves, idlers, and vagabonds of every low grade, were mingled together in a mass; the whistling of drovers, the barking dogs, the bellowing and plunging of the oxen, the bleating of sheep, the grunting and squeaking of pigs, the cries of hawkers, the shouts, oaths, and quarrelling on all sides; the ringing of bells and roar of voices, that issued from every public-house; the crowding, pushing, driving, beating, whooping and yelling; the hideous and discordant dim that resounded from every corner of the market; and the unwashed, unshaven, squalid, and dirty figures constantly running to and fro, and bursting in and out of the throng; rendered it a stunning and bewildering scene, which quite confounded the senses.
countrymen - compatriotes, citoyen, citoyenne, habitant, habitante
butchers - bouchers, boucher/-ere
idlers - les roues folles, fainéant, fainéante
vagabonds - vagabonds, vagabond, vagabonde
bellowing - mugissement, mugir, beugler
bleating - belant, (bleat), belement
grunting - grognement, (grunt), bidasse, troufion, grogner
quarrelling - des querelles, (quarrel) des querelles
whooping - la coqueluche, (whoop) la coqueluche
resounded - a retenti, retentir
unwashed - non lavés
unshaven - mal rasé
bursting in - faire irruption
bewildering - déconcertant, abasourdir, confondre, déconcerter, dérouter
Mr. Sikes, dragging Oliver after him, elbowed his way through the thickest of the crowd, and bestowed very little attention on the numerous sights and sounds, which so astonished the boy.
He nodded, twice or thrice, to a passing friend; and, resisting as many invitations to take a morning dram, pressed steadily onward, until they were clear of the turmoil, and had made their way through Hosier Lane into Holborn.
dram - DRAM
turmoil - des turbulences, chaos, désordre, tourmente, tumulte
hosier - hosier
"Now, young 'un!" said Sikes, looking up at the clock of St. Andrew's Church, "hard upon seven! you must step out. Come, don't lag behind already, Lazy-legs!"
lag - lag, rester en arriere, etre en retard
Mr. Sikes accompanied this speech with a jerk at his little companion's wrist; Oliver, quickening his pace into a kind of trot between a fast walk and a run, kept up with the rapid strides of the house-breaker as well as he could.
quickening - l'accélération, (quicken) l'accélération
trot - trot, trotter
breaker - briseur
They held their course at this rate, until they had passed Hyde Park corner, and were on their way to Kensington: when Sikes relaxed his pace, until an empty cart which was at some little distance behind, came up. Seeing "Hounslow" written on it, he asked the driver with as much civility as he could assume, if he would give them a lift as far as Isleworth.
civility - civilité, politesse
"Jump up," said the man. "Is that your boy?"
"Yes; he's my boy," replied Sikes, looking hard at Oliver, and putting his hand abstractedly into the pocket where the pistol was.
abstractedly - de maniere abstraite
"Your father walks rather too quick for you, don't he, my man?" inquired the driver: seeing that Oliver was out of breath.
"Not a bit of it," replied Sikes, interposing. "He's used to it. Here, take hold of my hand, Ned. In with you!"
interposing - par interposition, interposer, intercaler, interrompre, couper
Thus addressing Oliver, he helped him into the cart; and the driver, pointing to a heap of sacks, told him to lie down there, and rest himself.
As they passed the different mile-stones, Oliver wondered, more and more, where his companion meant to take him. Kensington, Hammersmith, Chiswick, Kew Bridge, Brentford, were all passed; and yet they went on as steadily as if they had only just begun their journey. At length, they came to a public-house called the Coach and Horses; a little way beyond which, another road appeared to run off.
And here, the cart stopped.
Sikes dismounted with great precipitation, holding Oliver by the hand all the while; and lifting him down directly, bestowed a furious look upon him, and rapped the side-pocket with his fist, in a significant manner.
dismounted - a pied, démonter, descendre
precipitation - des précipitations, précipitation
"Good-bye, boy," said the man.
"He's sulky," replied Sikes, giving him a shake; "he's sulky. A young dog! Don't mind him."
sulky - boudeur, boudeuse
"Not I!" rejoined the other, getting into his cart. "It's a fine day, after all." And he drove away.
Sikes waited until he had fairly gone; and then, telling Oliver he might look about him if he wanted, once again led him onward on his journey.
They turned round to the left, a short way past the public-house; and then, taking a right-hand road, walked on for a long time: passing many large gardens and gentlemen's houses on both sides of the way, and stopping for nothing but a little beer, until they reached a town. Here against the wall of a house, Oliver saw written up in pretty large letters, "Hampton.
" They lingered about, in the fields, for some hours. At length they came back into the town; and, turning into an old public-house with a defaced sign-board, ordered some dinner by the kitchen fire.
defaced - défiguré, défigurer, dégrader
The kitchen was an old, low-roofed room; with a great beam across the middle of the ceiling, and benches, with high backs to them, by the fire; on which were seated several rough men in smock-frocks, drinking and smoking.
smock - blouse
frocks - des robes de chambre, robe
They took no notice of Oliver; and very little of Sikes; and, as Sikes took very little notice of them, he and his young comrade sat in a corner by themselves, without being much troubled by their company.
comrade - camarade f, camarade
They had some cold meat for dinner, and sat so long after it, while Mr. Sikes indulged himself with three or four pipes, that Oliver began to feel quite certain they were not going any further. Being much tired with the walk, and getting up so early, he dozed a little at first; then, quite overpowered by fatigue and the fumes of the tobacco, fell asleep.
cold meat - de la viande froide
fumes - des fumées, fulminer
It was quite dark when he was awakened by a push from Sikes. Rousing himself sufficiently to sit up and look about him, he found that worthy in close fellowship and communication with a labouring man, over a pint of ale.
fellowship - la fraternité, confrérie, fraternité, camaraderie, bourse
labouring man - Travailleur
pint - chopine, chopine de lait, pinte, sérieux
ale - biere anglaise, ale
"So, you're going on to Lower Halliford, are you?" inquired Sikes.
"Yes, I am," replied the man, who seemed a little the worse"or better, as the case might be"for drinking; "and not slow about it neither. My horse hasn't got a load behind him going back, as he had coming up in the mornin'; and he won't be long a-doing of it. Here's luck to him. Ecod! he's a good 'un!"
mornin - matin
"Could you give my boy and me a lift as far as there?" demanded Sikes, pushing the ale towards his new friend.
"If you're going directly, I can," replied the man, looking out of the pot. "Are you going to Halliford?"
"Going on to Shepperton," replied Sikes.
"I'm your man, as far as I go," replied the other. "Is all paid, Becky?"
"Yes, the other gentleman's paid," replied the girl.
"I say!" said the man, with tipsy gravity; "that won't do, you know."
tipsy - éméché, égayé, gris, pompette
"Why not?" rejoined Sikes. "You're a-going to accommodate us, and wot's to prevent my standing treat for a pint or so, in return?"
The stranger reflected upon this argument, with a very profound face; having done so, he seized Sikes by the hand: and declared he was a real good fellow. To which Mr. Sikes replied, he was joking; as, if he had been sober, there would have been strong reason to suppose he was.
sober - sobre, cuver
After the exchange of a few more compliments, they bade the company good-night, and went out; the girl gathering up the pots and glasses as they did so, and lounging out to the door, with her hands full, to see the party start.
compliments - des compliments, compliment, complimenter, faire un compliment
The horse, whose health had been drunk in his absence, was standing outside: ready harnessed to the cart. Oliver and Sikes got in without any further ceremony; and the man to whom he belonged, having lingered for a minute or two "to bear him up," and to defy the hostler and the world to produce his equal, mounted also.
harnessed - harnaché, harnais, harnacher
Then, the hostler was told to give the horse his head; and, his head being given him, he made a very unpleasant use of it: tossing it into the air with great disdain, and running into the parlour windows over the way; after performing those feats, and supporting himself for a short time on his hind-legs, he started off at great speed, and rattled out of the town right gallantly.
hind - biche
gallantly - galamment
The night was very dark. A damp mist rose from the river, and the marshy ground about; and spread itself over the dreary fields. It was piercing cold, too; all was gloomy and black. Not a word was spoken; for the driver had grown sleepy; and Sikes was in no mood to lead him into conversation.
marshy - marécageux
Oliver sat huddled together, in a corner of the cart; bewildered with alarm and apprehension; and figuring strange objects in the gaunt trees, whose branches waved grimly to and fro, as if in some fantastic joy at the desolation of the scene.
As they passed Sunbury Church, the clock struck seven. There was a light in the ferry-house window opposite: which streamed across the road, and threw into more sombre shadow a dark yew-tree with graves beneath it. There was a dull sound of falling water not far off; and the leaves of the old tree stirred gently in the night wind. It seemed like quiet music for the repose of the dead.
ferry - bac, ferry, transbordeur
yew - oui, if
Sunbury was passed through, and they came again into the lonely road. Two or three miles more, and the cart stopped. Sikes alighted, took Oliver by the hand, and they once again walked on.
alighted - descendus, descendre (de)
They turned into no house at Shepperton, as the weary boy had expected; but still kept walking on, in mud and darkness, through gloomy lanes and over cold open wastes, until they came within sight of the lights of a town at no great distance. On looking intently forward, Oliver saw that the water was just below them, and that they were coming to the foot of a bridge.
Sikes kept straight on, until they were close upon the bridge; then turned suddenly down a bank upon the left.
"The water!" thought Oliver, turning sick with fear. "He has brought me to this lonely place to murder me!"
He was about to throw himself on the ground, and make one struggle for his young life, when he saw that they stood before a solitary house: all ruinous and decayed. There was a window on each side of the dilapidated entrance; and one story above; but no light was visible. The house was dark, dismantled: and, to all appearance, uninhabited.
decayed - en décomposition, décrépitude, déchéance, pourrir
dilapidated - délabré, délabrer, dilapider
dismantled - démantelé, démonter, démanteler
uninhabited - inhabité
Sikes, with Oliver's hand still in his, softly approached the low porch, and raised the latch. The door yielded to the pressure, and they passed in together.
porch - porche, véranda, portique
latch - le loquet, loquet
"Hallo!" cried a loud, hoarse voice, as soon as they set foot in the passage.
"Don't make such a row," said Sikes, bolting the door. "Show a glim, Toby."
bolting - le boulonnage, (bolt) le boulonnage
"Aha! my pal!" cried the same voice. "A glim, Barney, a glim! Show the gentleman in, Barney; wake up first, if convenient."
The speaker appeared to throw a boot-jack, or some such article, at the person he addressed, to rouse him from his slumbers: for the noise of a wooden body, falling violently, was heard; and then an indistinct muttering, as of a man between sleep and awake.
slumbers - sommeil, somnolence, somnoler
indistinct - indistinct
"Do you hear?" cried the same voice. "There's Bill Sikes in the passage with nobody to do the civil to him; and you sleeping there, as if you took laudanum with your meals, and nothing stronger. Are you any fresher now, or do you want the iron candlestick to wake you thoroughly?"
laudanum - le laudanum, laudanum
A pair of slipshod feet shuffled, hastily, across the bare floor of the room, as this interrogatory was put; and there issued, from a door on the right hand; first, a feeble candle: and next, the form of the same individual who has been heretofore described as labouring under the infirmity of speaking through his nose, and officiating as waiter at the public-house on Saffron Hill.
slipshod - bâclé
shuffled - mélangé, battage, battre, mélanger, traîner les pieds
interrogatory - interrogatoire
heretofore - jusqu'a présent
infirmity - l'infirmité, infirmité
"Bister Sikes!" exclaimed Barney, with real or counterfeit joy; "cub id, sir; cub id."
Bister - bister
counterfeit - contrefait, contrefaçon, contrefaire
cub - cub, petit (d'un animal)
"Here! you get on first," said Sikes, putting Oliver in front of him. "Quicker! or I shall tread upon your heels."
tread - la bande de roulement, piétiner, escabeau
Muttering a curse upon his tardiness, Sikes pushed Oliver before him; and they entered a low dark room with a smoky fire, two or three broken chairs, a table, and a very old couch: on which, with his legs much higher than his head, a man was reposing at full length, smoking a long clay pipe.
smoky - enfumé
couch - canapé, divan
reposing - reposant, repos
clay pipe - un tuyau en argile
He was dressed in a smartly-cut snuff-coloured coat, with large brass buttons; an orange neckerchief; a coarse, staring, shawl-pattern waistcoat; and drab breeches. Mr.
smartly - roublard
Crackit (for he it was) had no very great quantity of hair, either upon his head or face; but what he had, was of a reddish dye, and tortured into long corkscrew curls, through which he occasionally thrust some very dirty fingers, ornamented with large common rings.
reddish - rougeâtre
dye - teinture, teins, teignons, couleur, teignent, teindre
corkscrew - tire-bouchon
curls - boucles, boucle, rotationnel, boucler
He was a trifle above the middle size, and apparently rather weak in the legs; but this circumstance by no means detracted from his own admiration of his top-boots, which he contemplated, in their elevated situation, with lively satisfaction.
trifle - bagatelle, broutille, babiole, bricole
middle size - taille moyenne
detracted - détourné, nuire a
"Bill, my boy!" said this figure, turning his head towards the door, "I'm glad to see you. I was almost afraid you'd given it up: in which case I should have made a personal wentur. Hallo!"
wentur - wentur
Uttering this exclamation in a tone of great surprise, as his eyes rested on Oliver, Mr. Toby Crackit brought himself into a sitting posture, and demanded who that was.
posture - la posture, posture
"The boy. Only the boy!" replied Sikes, drawing a chair towards the fire.
"Wud of Bister Fagid's lads," exclaimed Barney, with a grin.
wud - wud
"Fagin's, eh!" exclaimed Toby, looking at Oliver. "Wot an inwalable boy that'll make, for the old ladies'pockets in chapels! His mug is a fortin'to him."
chapels - chapelles, chapelle
mug - mug, broc
"There"there's enough of that," interposed Sikes, impatiently; and stooping over his recumbant friend, he whispered a few words in his ear: at which Mr. Crackit laughed immensely, and honoured Oliver with a long stare of astonishment.
recumbant - couché
immensely - immensément
"Now," said Sikes, as he resumed his seat, "if you'll give us something to eat and drink while we're waiting, you'll put some heart in us; or in me, at all events. Sit down by the fire, younker, and rest yourself; for you'll have to go out with us again to-night, though not very far off."
younker - younker
Oliver looked at Sikes, in mute and timid wonder; and drawing a stool to the fire, sat with his aching head upon his hands, scarecely knowing where he was, or what was passing around him.
aching - douloureux, endolori, (ache) douloureux
"Here," said Toby, as the young Jew placed some fragments of food, and a bottle upon the table, "Success to the crack!" He rose to honour the toast; and, carefully depositing his empty pipe in a corner, advanced to the table, filled a glass with spirits, and drank off its contents. Mr. Sikes did the same.
"A drain for the boy," said Toby, half-filling a wine-glass. "Down with it, innocence."
innocence - l'innocence, innocence, candeur
"Indeed," said Oliver, looking piteously up into the man's face; "indeed, I""
"Down with it!" echoed Toby. "Do you think I don't know what's good for you? Tell him to drink it, Bill."
"He had better!" said Sikes clapping his hand upon his pocket. "Burn my body, if he isn't more trouble than a whole family of Dodgers. Drink it, you perwerse imp; drink it!"
imp - diablotin
Frightened by the menacing gestures of the two men, Oliver hastily swallowed the contents of the glass, and immediately fell into a violent fit of coughing: which delighted Toby Crackit and Barney, and even drew a smile from the surly Mr. Sikes.
This done, and Sikes having satisfied his appetite (Oliver could eat nothing but a small crust of bread which they made him swallow), the two men laid themselves down on chairs for a short nap. Oliver retained his stool by the fire; Barney wrapped in a blanket, stretched himself on the floor: close outside the fender.
nap - sieste, petit somme
They slept, or appeared to sleep, for some time; nobody stirring but Barney, who rose once or twice to throw coals on the fire. Oliver fell into a heavy doze: imagining himself straying along the gloomy lanes, or wandering about the dark churchyard, or retracing some one or other of the scenes of the past day: when he was roused by Toby Crackit jumping up and declaring it was half-past one.
straying - écartant, (stray) écartant
In an instant, the other two were on their legs, and all were actively engaged in busy preparation. Sikes and his companion enveloped their necks and chins in large dark shawls, and drew on their great-coats; Barney, opening a cupboard, brought forth several articles, which he hastily crammed into the pockets.
chins - mentons, menton
shawls - châles, châle
crammed - entassés, bourrer, ficher, foutre, emmancher, fourrer, gaver
"Barkers for me, Barney," said Toby Crackit.
"Here they are," replied Barney, producing a pair of pistols. "You loaded them yourself."
pistols - pistolets, pistolet
"All right!" replied Toby, stowing them away. "The persuaders?"
stowing - rangeant, (stow) rangeant
"I've got 'em," replied Sikes.
"Crape, keys, centre-bits, darkies"nothing forgotten?" inquired Toby: fastening a small crowbar to a loop inside the skirt of his coat.
"All right," rejoined his companion. "Bring them bits of timber, Barney. That's the time of day."
With these words, he took a thick stick from Barney's hands, who, having delivered another to Toby, busied himself in fastening on Oliver's cape.
"Now then!" said Sikes, holding out his hand.
Oliver: who was completely stupified by the unwonted exercise, and the air, and the drink which had been forced upon him: put his hand mechanically into that which Sikes extended for the purpose.
"Take his other hand, Toby," said Sikes. "Look out, Barney."
The man went to the door, and returned to announce that all was quiet. The two robbers issued forth with Oliver between them. Barney, having made all fast, rolled himself up as before, and was soon asleep again.
It was now intensely dark. The fog was much heavier than it had been in the early part of the night; and the atmosphere was so damp, that, although no rain fell, Oliver's hair and eyebrows, within a few minutes after leaving the house, had become stiff with the half-frozen moisture that was floating about. They crossed the bridge, and kept on towards the lights which he had seen before.
intensely - intensément
moisture - l'humidité, humidité
They were at no great distance off; and, as they walked pretty briskly, they soon arrived at Chertsey.
"Slap through the town," whispered Sikes; "there'll be nobody in the way, to-night, to see us."
Toby acquiesced; and they hurried through the main street of the little town, which at that late hour was wholly deserted. A dim light shone at intervals from some bed-room window; and the hoarse barking of dogs occasionally broke the silence of the night. But there was nobody abroad. They had cleared the town, as the church-bell struck two.
Quickening their pace, they turned up a road upon the left hand. After walking about a quarter of a mile, they stopped before a detached house surrounded by a wall: to the top of which, Toby Crackit, scarcely pausing to take breath, climbed in a twinkling.
detached - détaché, détacher
"The boy next," said Toby. "Hoist him up; I'll catch hold of him."
Hoist - treuil, hisser
Before Oliver had time to look round, Sikes had caught him under the arms; and in three or four seconds he and Toby were lying on the grass on the other side. Sikes followed directly. And they stole cautiously towards the house.
look round - regarder autour
And now, for the first time, Oliver, well-nigh mad with grief and terror, saw that housebreaking and robbery, if not murder, were the objects of the expedition. He clasped his hands together, and involuntarily uttered a subdued exclamation of horror. A mist came before his eyes; the cold sweat stood upon his ashy face; his limbs failed him; and he sank upon his knees.
subdued - atténué, soumettre, subjuguer, assujettir
cold sweat - des sueurs froides
"Get up!" murmured Sikes, trembling with rage, and drawing the pistol from his pocket; "Get up, or I'll strew your brains upon the grass."
strew - strew, parsemer, joncher
"Oh! for God's sake let me go!" cried Oliver; "let me run away and die in the fields. I will never come near London; never, never! Oh! pray have mercy on me, and do not make me steal. For the love of all the bright Angels that rest in Heaven, have mercy upon me!"
The man to whom this appeal was made, swore a dreadful oath, and had cocked the pistol, when Toby, striking it from his grasp, placed his hand upon the boy's mouth, and dragged him to the house.
oath - serment, juron, jurer
"Hush!" cried the man; "it won't answer here. Say another word, and I'll do your business myself with a crack on the head. That makes no noise, and is quite as certain, and more genteel. Here, Bill, wrench the shutter open. He's game enough now, I'll engage. I've seen older hands of his age took the same way, for a minute or two, on a cold night."
Sikes, invoking terrific imprecations upon Fagin's head for sending Oliver on such an errand, plied the crowbar vigorously, but with little noise. After some delay, and some assistance from Toby, the shutter to which he had referred, swung open on its hinges.
plied - plié, exercer (un métier)
vigorously - vigoureusement
hinges - charnieres, gond, charniere, dépendre
It was a little lattice window, about five feet and a half above the ground, at the back of the house: which belonged to a scullery, or small brewing-place, at the end of the passage. The aperture was so small, that the inmates had probably not thought it worth while to defend it more securely; but it was large enough to admit a boy of Oliver's size, nevertheless. A very brief exercise of Mr.
lattice window - fenetre en treillis
scullery - l'arriere-cuisine, arriere-cuisine, souillarde
brewing - brassage, (brew)
securely - en toute sécurité
Sike's art, sufficed to overcome the fastening of the lattice; and it soon stood wide open also.
Sike - sike
sufficed - suffisent, suffire, suffire 2, fr
lattice - treillis, quadrillage, grille, lattis, réseau, treillage
"Now listen, you young limb," whispered Sikes, drawing a dark lantern from his pocket, and throwing the glare full on Oliver's face; "I'm a going to put you through there. Take this light; go softly up the steps straight afore you, and along the little hall, to the street door; unfasten it, and let us in."
lantern - lanterne
glare - éblouissement, éclat
unfasten - déverrouiller, défaire
"There's a bolt at the top, you won't be able to reach," interposed Toby. "Stand upon one of the hall chairs. There are three there, Bill, with a jolly large blue unicorn and gold pitchfork on 'em: which is the old lady's arms."
bolt - boulon, verrouiller, pene
Unicorn - licorne
pitchfork - fourche
"Keep quiet, can't you?" replied Sikes, with a threatening look. "The room-door is open, is it?"
"Wide," replied Toby, after peeping in to satisfy himself. "The game of that is, that they always leave it open with a catch, so that the dog, who's got a bed in here, may walk up and down the passage when he feels wakeful. Ha! ha! Barney 'ticed him away to-night. So neat!"
peeping - de l'espionnage, regarder qqch a la dérobée
wakeful - éveillé
ticed - tionné
Although Mr. Crackit spoke in a scarcely audible whisper, and laughed without noise, Sikes imperiously commanded him to be silent, and to get to work. Toby complied, by first producing his lantern, and placing it on the ground; then by planting himself firmly with his head against the wall beneath the window, and his hands upon his knees, so as to make a step of his back.
This was no sooner done, than Sikes, mounting upon him, put Oliver gently through the window with his feet first; and, without leaving hold of his collar, planted him safely on the floor inside.
"Take this lantern," said Sikes, looking into the room. "You see the stairs afore you?"
Oliver, more dead than alive, gasped out, "Yes." Sikes, pointing to the street-door with the pistol-barrel, briefly advised him to take notice that he was within shot all the way; and that if he faltered, he would fall dead that instant.
"It's done in a minute," said Sikes, in the same low whisper. "Directly I leave go of you, do your work. Hark!"
"What's that?" whispered the other man.
They listened intently.
"Nothing," said Sikes, releasing his hold of Oliver. "Now!"
In the short time he had had to collect his senses, the boy had firmly resolved that, whether he died in the attempt or not, he would make one effort to dart upstairs from the hall, and alarm the family. Filled with this idea, he advanced at once, but stealthily.
dart - dart, dard
"Come back!" suddenly cried Sikes aloud. "Back! back!"
Scared by the sudden breaking of the dead stillness of the place, and by a loud cry which followed it, Oliver let his lantern fall, and knew not whether to advance or fly.
The cry was repeated"a light appeared"a vision of two terrified half-dressed men at the top of the stairs swam before his eyes"a flash"a loud noise"a smoke"a crash somewhere, but where he knew not,"and he staggered back.
Sikes had disappeared for an instant; but he was up again, and had him by the collar before the smoke had cleared away. He fired his own pistol after the men, who were already retreating; and dragged the boy up.
"Clasp your arm tighter," said Sikes, as he drew him through the window. "Give me a shawl here. They've hit him. Quick! How the boy bleeds!"
Then came the loud ringing of a bell, mingled with the noise of fire-arms, and the shouts of men, and the sensation of being carried over uneven ground at a rapid pace. And then, the noises grew confused in the distance; and a cold deadly feeling crept over the boy's heart; and he saw or heard no more.
uneven - inégale, inégal
CHAPTER XXIII. WHICH CONTAINS THE SUBSTANCE OF A PLEASANT CONVERSATION BETWEEN MR. BUMBLE AND A LADY; AND SHOWS THAT EVEN A BEADLE MAY BE SUSCEPTIBLE ON SOME POINTS
The night was bitter cold. The snow lay on the ground, frozen into a hard thick crust, so that only the heaps that had drifted into byways and corners were affected by the sharp wind that howled abroad: which, as if expending increased fury on such prey as it found, caught it savagely up in clouds, and, whirling it into a thousand misty eddies, scattered it in air.
howled - hurlé, hurlement, hurler
expending - l'utilisation, dépenser
eddies - tourbillons, tourbillon
Bleak, dark, and piercing cold, it was a night for the well-housed and fed to draw round the bright fire and thank God they were at home; and for the homeless, starving wretch to lay him down and die. Many hunger-worn outcasts close their eyes in our bare streets, at such times, who, let their crimes have been what they may, can hardly open them in a more bitter world.
outcasts - des marginaux, exclu/-e
Such was the aspect of out-of-doors affairs, when Mrs.
Corney, the matron of the workhouse to which our readers have been already introduced as the birthplace of Oliver Twist, sat herself down before a cheerful fire in her own little room, and glanced, with no small degree of complacency, at a small round table: on which stood a tray of corresponding size, furnished with all necessary materials for the most grateful meal that matrons enjoy.
birthplace - lieu de naissance
most grateful - le plus reconnaissant
matrons - matrones, infirmier/-iere en chef
In fact, Mrs. Corney was about to solace herself with a cup of tea. As she glanced from the table to the fireplace, where the smallest of all possible kettles was singing a small song in a small voice, her inward satisfaction evidently increased,"so much so, indeed, that Mrs. Corney smiled.
solace - consolation, réconfort, soulager, consoler
kettles - bouilloires, bouilloire
"Well!" said the matron, leaning her elbow on the table, and looking reflectively at the fire; "I'm sure we have all on us a great deal to be grateful for! A great deal, if we did but know it. Ah!"
Matron - matron, matrone
Mrs. Corney shook her head mournfully, as if deploring the mental blindness of those paupers who did not know it; and thrusting a silver spoon (private property) into the inmost recesses of a two-ounce tin tea-caddy, proceeded to make the tea.
deploring - déplorer
ounce - once
caddy - caddy, boîte a thé
How slight a thing will disturb the equanimity of our frail minds! The black teapot, being very small and easily filled, ran over while Mrs. Corney was moralising; and the water slightly scalded Mrs. Corney's hand.
frail - fragile, souffreteuxse
teapot - théiere, théiere
"Drat the pot!" said the worthy matron, setting it down very hastily on the hob; "a little stupid thing, that only holds a couple of cups! What use is it of, to anybody! Except," said Mrs. Corney, pausing, "except to a poor desolate creature like me. Oh dear!"
With these words, the matron dropped into her chair, and, once more resting her elbow on the table, thought of her solitary fate. The small teapot, and the single cup, had awakened in her mind sad recollections of Mr. Corney (who had not been dead more than five-and-twenty years); and she was overpowered.
"I shall never get another!" said Mrs. Corney, pettishly; "I shall never get another"like him."
Whether this remark bore reference to the husband, or the teapot, is uncertain. It might have been the latter; for Mrs. Corney looked at it as she spoke; and took it up afterwards. She had just tasted her first cup, when she was disturbed by a soft tap at the room-door.
"Oh, come in with you!" said Mrs. Corney, sharply. "Some of the old women dying, I suppose. They always die when I'm at meals. Don't stand there, letting the cold air in, don't. What's amiss now, eh?"
"Nothing, ma'am, nothing," replied a man's voice.
"Dear me!" exclaimed the matron, in a much sweeter tone, "is that Mr. Bumble?"
"At your service, ma'am," said Mr. Bumble, who had been stopping outside to rub his shoes clean, and to shake the snow off his coat; and who now made his appearance, bearing the cocked hat in one hand and a bundle in the other. "Shall I shut the door, ma'am?"
The lady modestly hesitated to reply, lest there should be any impropriety in holding an interview with Mr. Bumble, with closed doors. Mr. Bumble taking advantage of the hesitation, and being very cold himself, shut it without permission.
modestly - modestement
"Hard weather, Mr. Bumble," said the matron.
"Hard, indeed, ma'am," replied the beadle. "Anti-porochial weather this, ma'am. We have given away, Mrs. Corney, we have given away a matter of twenty quartern loaves and a cheese and a half, this very blessed afternoon; and yet them paupers are not contented."
loaves - pains, pain, miche (de pain)
"Of course not. When would they be, Mr. Bumble?" said the matron, sipping her tea.
sipping - siroter, gorgée
"When, indeed, ma'am!" rejoined Mr. Bumble. "Why here's one man that, in consideration of his wife and large family, has a quartern loaf and a good pound of cheese, full weight. Is he grateful, ma'am? Is he grateful? Not a copper farthing's worth of it! What does he do, ma'am, but ask for a few coals; if it's only a pocket handkerchief full, he says! Coals! What would he do with coals?
Toast his cheese with 'em and then come back for more. That's the way with these people, ma'am; give 'em a apron full of coals to-day, and they'll come back for another, the day after to-morrow, as brazen as alabaster."
brazen - effronté, cuivreux, aigu, dur comme de la pierre
alabaster - l'albâtre, albâtre
The matron expressed her entire concurrence in this intelligible simile; and the beadle went on.
simile - simili, comparaison
"I never," said Mr. Bumble, "see anything like the pitch it's got to. The day afore yesterday, a man"you have been a married woman, ma'am, and I may mention it to you"a man, with hardly a rag upon his back (here Mrs. Corney looked at the floor), goes to our overseer's door when he has got company coming to dinner; and says, he must be relieved, Mrs. Corney.
rag - chiffon
As he wouldn't go away, and shocked the company very much, our overseer sent him out a pound of potatoes and half a pint of oatmeal. My heart!'says the ungrateful villain, what's the use of this to me? You might as well give me a pair of iron spectacles!'Very good,'says our overseer, taking 'em away again, you won't get anything else here.'Then I'll die in the streets!'says the vagrant.
Oh no, you won't,'says our overseer."
"Ha! ha! That was very good! So like Mr. Grannett, wasn't it?" interposed the matron. "Well, Mr. Bumble?"
"Well, ma'am," rejoined the beadle, "he went away; and he did die in the streets. There's a obstinate pauper for you!"
"It beats anything I could have believed," observed the matron emphatically. "But don't you think out-of-door relief a very bad thing, any way, Mr. Bumble? You're a gentleman of experience, and ought to know. Come."
"Mrs. Corney," said the beadle, smiling as men smile who are conscious of superior information, "out-of-door relief, properly managed: properly managed, ma'am: is the porochial safeguard. The great principle of out-of-door relief is, to give the paupers exactly what they don't want; and then they get tired of coming."
safeguard - sauvegarde, protéger
"Dear me!" exclaimed Mrs. Corney. "Well, that is a good one, too!"
"Yes. Betwixt you and me, ma'am," returned Mr. Bumble, "that's the great principle; and that's the reason why, if you look at any cases that get into them owdacious newspapers, you'll always observe that sick families have been relieved with slices of cheese. That's the rule now, Mrs. Corney, all over the country.
betwixt - entre les deux, entre
owdacious - owdacious
But, however," said the beadle, stopping to unpack his bundle, "these are official secrets, ma'am; not to be spoken of; except, as I may say, among the porochial officers, such as ourselves. This is the port wine, ma'am, that the board ordered for the infirmary; real, fresh, genuine port wine; only out of the cask this forenoon; clear as a bell, and no sediment!"
unpack - déballer
infirmary - l'infirmerie, infimerie, infirmerie
cask - tonneau, fut, barrique
sediment - sédiments, sédiment, sédimenter
Having held the first bottle up to the light, and shaken it well to test its excellence, Mr. Bumble placed them both on top of a chest of drawers; folded the handkerchief in which they had been wrapped; put it carefully in his pocket; and took up his hat, as if to go.
drawers - tiroirs, tiroir
"You'll have a very cold walk, Mr. Bumble," said the matron.
"It blows, ma'am," replied Mr. Bumble, turning up his coat-collar, "enough to cut one's ears off."
The matron looked, from the little kettle, to the beadle, who was moving towards the door; and as the beadle coughed, preparatory to bidding her good-night, bashfully inquired whether"whether he wouldn't take a cup of tea?
kettle - bouilloire, chaudron
bashfully - avec timidité, timidement
Mr. Bumble instantaneously turned back his collar again; laid his hat and stick upon a chair; and drew another chair up to the table. As he slowly seated himself, he looked at the lady. She fixed her eyes upon the little teapot. Mr. Bumble coughed again, and slightly smiled.
instantaneously - instantanément
Mrs. Corney rose to get another cup and saucer from the closet. As she sat down, her eyes once again encountered those of the gallant beadle; she coloured, and applied herself to the task of making his tea. Again Mr. Bumble coughed"louder this time than he had coughed yet.
saucer - soucoupe, sous-tasse
gallant - galant, brave, vaillant
"Sweet? Mr. Bumble?" inquired the matron, taking up the sugar-basin.
"Very sweet, indeed, ma'am," replied Mr. Bumble. He fixed his eyes on Mrs. Corney as he said this; and if ever a beadle looked tender, Mr. Bumble was that beadle at that moment.
The tea was made, and handed in silence. Mr.
handed in - remis
Bumble, having spread a handkerchief over his knees to prevent the crumbs from sullying the splendour of his shorts, began to eat and drink; varying these amusements, occasionally, by fetching a deep sigh; which, however, had no injurious effect upon his appetite, but, on the contrary, rather seemed to facilitate his operations in the tea and toast department.
crumbs - des miettes, (crumb), miette, mie, paner
sullying - salir, souiller
splendour - splendeur
fetching - fetching, aller chercher
injurious - préjudiciable
"You have a cat, ma'am, I see," said Mr. Bumble, glancing at one who, in the centre of her family, was basking before the fire; "and kittens too, I declare!"
basking - se prélasser, lézarder, baigner
kittens - des chatons, chaton, blaireautin
"I am so fond of them, Mr. Bumble, you can't think," replied the matron. "They're so happy, so frolicsome, and so cheerful, that they are quite companions for me."
frolicsome - frolicsome
"Very nice animals, ma'am," replied Mr. Bumble, approvingly; "so very domestic."
"Oh, yes!" rejoined the matron with enthusiasm; "so fond of their home too, that it's quite a pleasure, I'm sure."
"Mrs. Corney, ma'am," said Mr. Bumble, slowly, and marking the time with his teaspoon, "I mean to say this, ma'am; that any cat, or kitten, that could live with you, ma'am, and not be fond of its home, must be a ass, ma'am."
teaspoon - cuillere a café, cuillere a café, petite cuillere
kitten - chaton, blaireautin
ass - cul, aliboron, ane, âne
"Oh, Mr. Bumble!" remonstrated Mrs. Corney.
"It's of no use disguising facts, ma'am," said Mr. Bumble, slowly flourishing the teaspoon with a kind of amorous dignity which made him doubly impressive; "I would drown it myself, with pleasure."
disguising - déguisement, déguisant, (disguise), déguiser
amorous - amoureuse
doubly - doublement
"Then you're a cruel man," said the matron vivaciously, as she held out her hand for the beadle's cup; "and a very hard-hearted man besides."
vivaciously - avec vivacité
"Hard-hearted, ma'am?" said Mr. Bumble. "Hard?" Mr. Bumble resigned his cup without another word; squeezed Mrs. Corney's little finger as she took it; and inflicting two open-handed slaps upon his laced waistcoat, gave a mighty sigh, and hitched his chair a very little morsel farther from the fire.
hitched - marié(e), noud d'accroche, dispositif d'attelage, accroc, hic
morsel - morceau
It was a round table; and as Mrs. Corney and Mr. Bumble had been sitting opposite each other, with no great space between them, and fronting the fire, it will be seen that Mr. Bumble, in receding from the fire, and still keeping at the table, increased the distance between himself and Mrs.
Corney; which proceeding, some prudent readers will doubtless be disposed to admire, and to consider an act of great heroism on Mr.
heroism - l'héroisme, héroisme
Bumble's part: he being in some sort tempted by time, place, and opportunity, to give utterance to certain soft nothings, which however well they may become the lips of the light and thoughtless, do seem immeasurably beneath the dignity of judges of the land, members of parliament, ministers of state, lord mayors, and other great public functionaries, but more particularly beneath the stateliness and gravity of a beadle: who (as is well known) should be the sternest and most inflexible among them all.
thoughtless - inattentionné, irréfléchi
immeasurably - de maniere incommensurable
functionaries - fonctionnaires, fonctionnaire
stateliness - l'état d'esprit
sternest - le plus sévere, sévere
most inflexible - le plus inflexible
Whatever were Mr. Bumble's intentions, however (and no doubt they were of the best): it unfortunately happened, as has been twice before remarked, that the table was a round one; consequently Mr.
Bumble, moving his chair by little and little, soon began to diminish the distance between himself and the matron; and, continuing to travel round the outer edge of the circle, brought his chair, in time, close to that in which the matron was seated.
Indeed, the two chairs touched; and when they did so, Mr. Bumble stopped.
Now, if the matron had moved her chair to the right, she would have been scorched by the fire; and if to the left, she must have fallen into Mr. Bumble's arms; so (being a discreet matron, and no doubt foreseeing these consequences at a glance) she remained where she was, and handed Mr. Bumble another cup of tea.
scorched - brulé, roussir, bruler
discreet - discret
foreseeing - prévoir, anticiper
"Hard-hearted, Mrs. Corney?" said Mr. Bumble, stirring his tea, and looking up into the matron's face; "are you hard-hearted, Mrs. Corney?"
"Dear me!" exclaimed the matron, "what a very curious question from a single man. What can you want to know for, Mr. Bumble?"
The beadle drank his tea to the last drop; finished a piece of toast; whisked the crumbs off his knees; wiped his lips; and deliberately kissed the matron.
whisked - au fouet, aller a toute allure, emmener immédiatement
"Mr. Bumble!" cried that discreet lady in a whisper; for the fright was so great, that she had quite lost her voice, "Mr. Bumble, I shall scream!" Mr. Bumble made no reply; but in a slow and dignified manner, put his arm round the matron's waist.
fright - d'effroi, anxiété, peur, frayeur
waist - taille, ceinture
As the lady had stated her intention of screaming, of course she would have screamed at this additional boldness, but that the exertion was rendered unnecessary by a hasty knocking at the door: which was no sooner heard, than Mr. Bumble darted, with much agility, to the wine bottles, and began dusting them with great violence: while the matron sharply demanded who was there.
boldness - l'audace, audace
exertion - l'effort, effort, dépense
It is worthy of remark, as a curious physical instance of the efficacy of a sudden surprise in counteracting the effects of extreme fear, that her voice had quite recovered all its official asperity.
efficacy - l'efficacité, efficience, efficacité
asperity - l'aspérité, aspérité
"If you please, mistress," said a withered old female pauper, hideously ugly: putting her head in at the door, "Old Sally is a-going fast."
"Well, What's that to me?" angrily demanded the matron. "I can't keep her alive, can I?"
What's that to me? - Qu'est-ce que ça peut me faire ?
"No, no, mistress," replied the old woman, "nobody can; she's far beyond the reach of help. I've seen a many people die; little babes and great strong men; and I know when death's a-coming, well enough. But she's troubled in her mind: and when the fits are not on her,"and that's not often, for she is dying very hard,"she says she has got something to tell, which you must hear.
She'll never die quiet till you come, mistress."
At this intelligence, the worthy Mrs. Corney muttered a variety of invectives against old women who couldn't even die without purposely annoying their betters; and, muffling herself in a thick shawl which she hastily caught up, briefly requested Mr. Bumble to stay till she came back, lest anything particular should occur.
purposely - a dessein, expres
Bidding the messenger walk fast, and not be all night hobbling up the stairs, she followed her from the room with a very ill grace, scolding all the way.
messenger - messager, coursier
hobbling - l'entrave, entrave, abot
scolding - gronder, grognant, (scold), chipie, furie, mégere
Mr. Bumble's conduct on being left to himself, was rather inexplicable. He opened the closet, counted the teaspoons, weighed the sugar-tongs, closely inspected a silver milk-pot to ascertain that it was of the genuine metal, and, having satisfied his curiosity on these points, put on his cocked hat corner-wise, and danced with much gravity four distinct times round the table.
inexplicable - inexplicable
teaspoons - cuilleres a café, cuillere a café, petite cuillere
ascertain - vérification, constater, définir
Having gone through this very extraordinary performance, he took off the cocked hat again, and, spreading himself before the fire with his back towards it, seemed to be mentally engaged in taking an exact inventory of the furniture.
inventory - inventaire, inventorier
CHAPTER XXIV. TREATS ON A VERY POOR SUBJECT. BUT IS A SHORT ONE, AND MAY BE FOUND OF IMPORTANCE IN THIS HISTORY
It was no unfit messenger of death, who had disturbed the quiet of the matron's room. Her body was bent by age; her limbs trembled with palsy; her face, distorted into a mumbling leer, resembled more the grotesque shaping of some wild pencil, than the work of Nature's hand.
unfit - inapte, incapable, impropre, rench: t-needed r
palsy - paralysie
mumbling - marmonner, marmonnant, (mumble)
grotesque - grotesque
Alas! How few of Nature's faces are left alone to gladden us with their beauty! The cares, and sorrows, and hungerings, of the world, change them as they change hearts; and it is only when those passions sleep, and have lost their hold for ever, that the troubled clouds pass off, and leave Heaven's surface clear.
Alas - hélas, hélas!, (ala) hélas
gladden - se réjouir, réjouir
sorrows - chagrins, peine, chagrin
hungerings - les famines
pass off - passer
It is a common thing for the countenances of the dead, even in that fixed and rigid state, to subside into the long-forgotten expression of sleeping infancy, and settle into the very look of early life; so calm, so peaceful, do they grow again, that those who knew them in their happy childhood, kneel by the coffin's side in awe, and see the Angel even upon earth.
countenances - des visages, visage, approuver
rigid - rigide
subside - s'atténuer, tomber, calmer
grow again - grandir a nouveau
The old crone tottered along the passages, and up the stairs, muttering some indistinct answers to the chidings of her companion; being at length compelled to pause for breath, she gave the light into her hand, and remained behind to follow as she might: while the more nimble superior made her way to the room where the sick woman lay.
crone - crone, vieille, sorciere, mégere
more nimble - plus agile
It was a bare garret-room, with a dim light burning at the farther end. There was another old woman watching by the bed; the parish apothecary's apprentice was standing by the fire, making a toothpick out of a quill.
apothecary - apothicaire
toothpick - cure-dents, cure-dent
quill - plume d'oie, plume, piquant, épine
"Cold night, Mrs. Corney," said this young gentleman, as the matron entered.
"Very cold, indeed, sir," replied the mistress, in her most civil tones, and dropping a curtsey as she spoke.
"You should get better coals out of your contractors," said the apothecary's deputy, breaking a lump on the top of the fire with the rusty poker; "these are not at all the sort of thing for a cold night."
"They're the board's choosing, sir," returned the matron. "The least they could do, would be to keep us pretty warm: for our places are hard enough."
The conversation was here interrupted by a moan from the sick woman.
moan - gémissement, se plaindre, geindre, gémir, mugir
"Oh!" said the young man, turning his face towards the bed, as if he had previously quite forgotten the patient, "it's all U.P. there, Mrs. Corney."
"It is, is it, sir?" asked the matron.
"If she lasts a couple of hours, I shall be surprised," said the apothecary's apprentice, intent upon the toothpick's point. "It's a break-up of the system altogether. Is she dozing, old lady?"
dozing - s'assoupir, (doze) s'assoupir
The attendant stooped over the bed, to ascertain; and nodded in the affirmative.
"Then perhaps she'll go off in that way, if you don't make a row," said the young man. "Put the light on the floor. She won't see it there."
The attendant did as she was told: shaking her head meanwhile, to intimate that the woman would not die so easily; having done so, she resumed her seat by the side of the other nurse, who had by this time returned. The mistress, with an expression of impatience, wrapped herself in her shawl, and sat at the foot of the bed.
The apothecary's apprentice, having completed the manufacture of the toothpick, planted himself in front of the fire and made good use of it for ten minutes or so: when apparently growing rather dull, he wished Mrs. Corney joy of her job, and took himself off on tiptoe.
on tiptoe - sur la pointe des pieds
When they had sat in silence for some time, the two old women rose from the bed, and crouching over the fire, held out their withered hands to catch the heat. The flame threw a ghastly light on their shrivelled faces, and made their ugliness appear terrible, as, in this position, they began to converse in a low voice.
"Did she say any more, Anny dear, while I was gone?" inquired the messenger.
"Not a word," replied the other. "She plucked and tore at her arms for a little time; but I held her hands, and she soon dropped off. She hasn't much strength in her, so I easily kept her quiet. I ain't so weak for an old woman, although I am on parish allowance; no, no!"
"Did she drink the hot wine the doctor said she was to have?" demanded the first.
"I tried to get it down," rejoined the other. "But her teeth were tight set, and she clenched the mug so hard that it was as much as I could do to get it back again. So I drank it; and it did me good!"
Looking cautiously round, to ascertain that they were not overheard, the two hags cowered nearer to the fire, and chuckled heartily.
hags - hags, (vieille) sorciere
cowered - s'est recroquevillé, se recroqueviller
"I mind the time," said the first speaker, "when she would have done the same, and made rare fun of it afterwards."
"Ay, that she would," rejoined the other; "she had a merry heart. A many, many, beautiful corpses she laid out, as nice and neat as waxwork. My old eyes have seen them"ay, and those old hands touched them too; for I have helped her, scores of times."
corpses - des cadavres, cadavre, corps, corps sans vie
waxwork - de la cire, personnage en cire
Stretching forth her trembling fingers as she spoke, the old creature shook them exultingly before her face, and fumbling in her pocket, brought out an old time-discoloured tin snuff-box, from which she shook a few grains into the outstretched palm of her companion, and a few more into her own.
exultingly - avec exaltation
fumbling - le tâtonnement, tâtonner
discoloured - décoloré, (se) décolorer
While they were thus employed, the matron, who had been impatiently watching until the dying woman should awaken from her stupor, joined them by the fire, and sharply asked how long she was to wait?
awaken - réveiller, se réveiller
stupor - stupeur
"Not long, mistress," replied the second woman, looking up into her face. "We have none of us long to wait for Death. Patience, patience! He'll be here soon enough for us all."
"Hold your tongue, you doting idiot!" said the matron sternly. "You, Martha, tell me; has she been in this way before?"
"Often," answered the first woman.
"But will never be again," added the second one; "that is, she'll never wake again but once"and mind, mistress, that won't be for long!"
"Long or short," said the matron, snappishly, "she won't find me here when she does wake; take care, both of you, how you worry me again for nothing. It's no part of my duty to see all the old women in the house die, and I won't"that's more. Mind that, you impudent old harridans. If you make a fool of me again, I'll soon cure you, I warrant you!"
snappishly - de maniere hargneuse
harridans - harridans, harpie, dragon, virago, haridelle, mégere, xanthippe
She was bouncing away, when a cry from the two women, who had turned towards the bed, caused her to look round. The patient had raised herself upright, and was stretching her arms towards them.
upright - debout, integre, montant
"Who's that?" she cried, in a hollow voice.
"Hush, hush!" said one of the women, stooping over her. "Lie down, lie down!"
"I'll never lie down again alive!" said the woman, struggling. "I will tell her! Come here! Nearer! Let me whisper in your ear."
She clutched the matron by the arm, and forcing her into a chair by the bedside, was about to speak, when looking round, she caught sight of the two old women bending forward in the attitude of eager listeners.
"Turn them away," said the woman, drowsily; "make haste! make haste!"
drowsily - somnolent
The two old crones, chiming in together, began pouring out many piteous lamentations that the poor dear was too far gone to know her best friends; and were uttering sundry protestations that they would never leave her, when the superior pushed them from the room, closed the door, and returned to the bedside.
crones - bourdons, vieille, sorciere, mégere
chiming - carillon
On being excluded, the old ladies changed their tone, and cried through the keyhole that old Sally was drunk; which, indeed, was not unlikely; since, in addition to a moderate dose of opium prescribed by the apothecary, she was labouring under the effects of a final taste of gin-and-water which had been privily administered, in the openness of their hearts, by the worthy old ladies themselves.
opium - l'opium, opium
privily - en privé
openness - l'ouverture, franchise
"Now listen to me," said the dying woman aloud, as if making a great effort to revive one latent spark of energy. "In this very room"in this very bed"I once nursed a pretty young creetur', that was brought into the house with her feet cut and bruised with walking, and all soiled with dust and blood. She gave birth to a boy, and died. Let me think"what was the year again!"
latent - latent
"Never mind the year," said the impatient auditor; "what about her?"
auditor - auditeur, auditrice
"Ay," murmured the sick woman, relapsing into her former drowsy state, "what about her?"what about"I know!" she cried, jumping fiercely up: her face flushed, and her eyes starting from her head""I robbed her, so I did! She wasn't cold"I tell you she wasn't cold, when I stole it!"
relapsing - rechute, rechuter
"Stole what, for God's sake?" cried the matron, with a gesture as if she would call for help.
"It!" replied the woman, laying her hand over the other's mouth. "The only thing she had. She wanted clothes to keep her warm, and food to eat; but she had kept it safe, and had it in her bosom. It was gold, I tell you! Rich gold, that might have saved her life!"
bosom - poitrine, sein, intime
"Gold!" echoed the matron, bending eagerly over the woman as she fell back. "Go on, go on"yes"what of it? Who was the mother? When was it?"
"She charged me to keep it safe," replied the woman with a groan, "and trusted me as the only woman about her. I stole it in my heart when she first showed it me hanging round her neck; and the child's death, perhaps, is on me besides! They would have treated him better, if they had known it all!"
groan - gémir, râle, râlement, gémissement, grognement, grondement
"Known what?" asked the other. "Speak!"
"The boy grew so like his mother," said the woman, rambling on, and not heeding the question, "that I could never forget it when I saw his face. Poor girl! poor girl! She was so young, too! Such a gentle lamb! Wait; there's more to tell. I have not told you all, have I?"
heeding - l'écoute, attention, observer, surveiller, preter attention
"No, no," replied the matron, inclining her head to catch the words, as they came more faintly from the dying woman. "Be quick, or it may be too late!"
inclining - l'inclinaison, inclinant, (incline) l'inclinaison
"The mother," said the woman, making a more violent effort than before; "the mother, when the pains of death first came upon her, whispered in my ear that if her baby was born alive, and thrived, the day might come when it would not feel so much disgraced to hear its poor young mother named. And oh, kind Heaven!
disgraced - déshonorée, honte, disgrâce, ignominie
'she said, folding her thin hands together, whether it be boy or girl, raise up some friends for it in this troubled world, and take pity upon a lonely desolate child, abandoned to its mercy!'"
"The boy's name?" demanded the matron.
"They called him Oliver," replied the woman, feebly. "The gold I stole was""
"Yes, yes"what?" cried the other.
She was bending eagerly over the woman to hear her reply; but drew back, instinctively, as she once again rose, slowly and stiffly, into a sitting posture; then, clutching the coverlid with both hands, muttered some indistinct sounds in her throat, and fell lifeless on the bed.
stiffly - avec raideur, rigidement
coverlid - couvercle
lifeless - sans vie
"Stone dead!" said one of the old women, hurrying in as soon as the door was opened.
"And nothing to tell, after all," rejoined the matron, walking carelessly away.
The two crones, to all appearance, too busily occupied in the preparations for their dreadful duties to make any reply, were left alone, hovering about the body.
While these things were passing in the country workhouse, Mr. Fagin sat in the old den"the same from which Oliver had been removed by the girl"brooding over a dull, smoky fire.
He held a pair of bellows upon his knee, with which he had apparently been endeavouring to rouse it into more cheerful action; but he had fallen into deep thought; and with his arms folded on them, and his chin resting on his thumbs, fixed his eyes, abstractedly, on the rusty bars.
bellows - soufflets, mugir, beugler
At a table behind him sat the Artful Dodger, Master Charles Bates, and Mr. Chitling: all intent upon a game of whist; the Artful taking dummy against Master Bates and Mr. Chitling. The countenance of the first-named gentleman, peculiarly intelligent at all times, acquired great additional interest from his close observance of the game, and his attentive perusal of Mr.
whist - whist
dummy - muet, idiot, idiote, imbécile, mannequin, mort
observance - l'observation, observance
Chitling's hand; upon which, from time to time, as occasion served, he bestowed a variety of earnest glances: wisely regulating his own play by the result of his observations upon his neighbour's cards. It being a cold night, the Dodger wore his hat, as, indeed, was often his custom within doors.
He also sustained a clay pipe between his teeth, which he only removed for a brief space when he deemed it necessary to apply for refreshment to a quart pot upon the table, which stood ready filled with gin-and-water for the accommodation of the company.
refreshment - un rafraîchissement, rafraîchissement
quart - quart, pinte
Master Bates was also attentive to the play; but being of a more excitable nature than his accomplished friend, it was observable that he more frequently applied himself to the gin-and-water, and moreover indulged in many jests and irrelevant remarks, all highly unbecoming a scientific rubber.
jests - jests, plaisanterie
Indeed, the Artful, presuming upon their close attachment, more than once took occasion to reason gravely with his companion upon these improprieties; all of which remonstrances, Master Bates received in extremely good part; merely requesting his friend to be "blowed," or to insert his head in a sack, or replying with some other neatly-turned witticism of a similar kind, the happy application of which, excited considerable admiration in the mind of Mr. Chitling. It was remarkable that the latter gentleman and his partner invariably lost; and that the circumstance, so far from angering Master Bates, appeared to afford him the highest amusement, inasmuch as he laughed most uproariously at the end of every deal, and protested that he had never seen such a jolly game in all his born days.
witticism - un mot d'esprit, mot d'esprit, trait d'esprit
"That's two doubles and the rub," said Mr. Chitling, with a very long face, as he drew half-a-crown from his waistcoat-pocket. "I never see such a feller as you, Jack; you win everything. Even when we've good cards, Charley and I can't make nothing of 'em."
long face - Visage triste
Either the master or the manner of this remark, which was made very ruefully, delighted Charley Bates so much, that his consequent shout of laughter roused the Jew from his reverie, and induced him to inquire what was the matter.
ruefully - avec dépit
reverie - reverie
"Matter, Fagin!" cried Charley. "I wish you had watched the play. Tommy Chitling hasn't won a point; and I went partners with him against the Artfull and dumb."
"Ay, ay!" said the Jew, with a grin, which sufficiently demonstrated that he was at no loss to understand the reason. "Try 'em again, Tom; try 'em again."
"No more of it for me, thank 'ee, Fagin," replied Mr. Chitling; "I've had enough. That 'ere Dodger has such a run of luck that there's no standing again'him."
ee - EE
"Ha! ha! my dear," replied the Jew, "you must get up very early in the morning, to win against the Dodger."
"Morning!" said Charley Bates; "you must put your boots on over-night, and have a telescope at each eye, and a opera-glass between your shoulders, if you want to come over him."
telescope - télescope, lunette
Mr. Dawkins received these handsome compliments with much philosophy, and offered to cut any gentleman in company, for the first picture-card, at a shilling at a time.
Nobody accepting the challenge, and his pipe being by this time smoked out, he proceeded to amuse himself by sketching a ground-plan of Newgate on the table with the piece of chalk which had served him in lieu of counters; whistling, meantime, with peculiar shrillness.
lieu - lieu
shrillness - stridences
"How precious dull you are, Tommy!" said the Dodger, stopping short when there had been a long silence; and addressing Mr. Chitling. "What do you think he's thinking of, Fagin?"
"How should I know, my dear?" replied the Jew, looking round as he plied the bellows. "About his losses, maybe; or the little retirement in the country that he's just left, eh? Ha! ha! Is that it, my dear?"
"Not a bit of it," replied the Dodger, stopping the subject of discourse as Mr. Chitling was about to reply. "What do you say, Charley?"
"I should say," replied Master Bates, with a grin, "that he was uncommon sweet upon Betsy. See how he's a-blushing! Oh, my eye! here's a merry-go-rounder! Tommy Chitling's in love! Oh, Fagin, Fagin! what a spree!"
blushing - rougir, (blush) rougir
spree - de l'argent, frénésie
Thoroughly overpowered with the notion of Mr. Chitling being the victim of the tender passion, Master Bates threw himself back in his chair with such violence, that he lost his balance, and pitched over upon the floor; where (the accident abating nothing of his merriment) he lay at full length until his laugh was over, when he resumed his former position, and began another laugh.
abating - en baisse, diminuer, baisser, dévaloriser (
"Never mind him, my dear," said the Jew, winking at Mr. Dawkins, and giving Master Bates a reproving tap with the nozzle of the bellows. "Betsy's a fine girl. Stick up to her, Tom. Stick up to her."
reproving - la réprobation, (reprove) la réprobation
nozzle - buse, ajutage, jet, tuyere, museau
"What I mean to say, Fagin," replied Mr. Chitling, very red in the face, "is, that that isn't anything to anybody here."
"No more it is," replied the Jew; "Charley will talk. Don't mind him, my dear; don't mind him. Betsy's a fine girl. Do as she bids you, Tom, and you will make your fortune."
"So I do do as she bids me," replied Mr. Chitling; "I shouldn't have been milled, if it hadn't been for her advice. But it turned out a good job for you; didn't it, Fagin! And what's six weeks of it? It must come, some time or another, and why not in the winter time when you don't want to go out a-walking so much; eh, Fagin?"
"Ah, to be sure, my dear," replied the Jew.
"You wouldn't mind it again, Tom, would you," asked the Dodger, winking upon Charley and the Jew, "if Bet was all right?"
"I mean to say that I shouldn't," replied Tom, angrily. "There, now. Ah! Who'll say as much as that, I should like to know; eh, Fagin?"
"Nobody, my dear," replied the Jew; "not a soul, Tom. I don't know one of 'em that would do it besides you; not one of 'em, my dear."
"I might have got clear off, if I'd split upon her; mightn't I, Fagin?" angrily pursued the poor half-witted dupe. "A word from me would have done it; wouldn't it, Fagin?"
clear off - Dégager
witted - d'esprit
dupe - dupe
"To be sure it would, my dear," replied the Jew.
"But I didn't blab it; did I, Fagin?" demanded Tom, pouring question upon question with great volubility.
volubility - volubilité
"No, no, to be sure," replied the Jew; "you were too stout-hearted for that. A deal too stout, my dear!"
"Perhaps I was," rejoined Tom, looking round; "and if I was, what's to laugh at, in that; eh, Fagin?"
The Jew, perceiving that Mr. Chitling was considerably roused, hastened to assure him that nobody was laughing; and to prove the gravity of the company, appealed to Master Bates, the principal offender. But, unfortunately, Charley, in opening his mouth to reply that he was never more serious in his life, was unable to prevent the escape of such a violent roar, that the abused Mr.
hastened to - s'est empressé de faire
principal offender - principal coupable
Chitling, without any preliminary ceremonies, rushed across the room and aimed a blow at the offender; who, being skilful in evading pursuit, ducked to avoid it, and chose his time so well that it lighted on the chest of the merry old gentleman, and caused him to stagger to the wall, where he stood panting for breath, while Mr. Chitling looked on in intense dismay.
skilful - pu
evading - se soustraire, esquiver, s'évader
ducked - esquivé, plonger (dans l'eau)
"Hark!" cried the Dodger at this moment, "I heard the tinkler." Catching up the light, he crept softly upstairs.
The bell was rung again, with some impatience, while the party were in darkness. After a short pause, the Dodger reappeared, and whispered Fagin mysteriously.
rung - s'est arreté, marche, (ring) s'est arreté
reappeared - réapparaît, réapparaître
"What!" cried the Jew, "alone?"
The Dodger nodded in the affirmative, and, shading the flame of the candle with his hand, gave Charley Bates a private intimation, in dumb show, that he had better not be funny just then. Having performed this friendly office, he fixed his eyes on the Jew's face, and awaited his directions.
The old man bit his yellow fingers, and meditated for some seconds; his face working with agitation the while, as if he dreaded something, and feared to know the worst. At length he raised his head.
agitation - l'agitation, agitation
dreaded - redouté, redouter, craindre, crainte
"Where is he?" he asked.
The Dodger pointed to the floor above, and made a gesture, as if to leave the room.
"Yes," said the Jew, answering the mute inquiry; "bring him down. Hush! Quiet, Charley! Gently, Tom! Scarce, scarce!"
This brief direction to Charley Bates, and his recent antagonist, was softly and immediately obeyed.
antagonist - antagoniste
There was no sound of their whereabout, when the Dodger descended the stairs, bearing the light in his hand, and followed by a man in a coarse smock-frock; who, after casting a hurried glance round the room, pulled off a large wrapper which had concealed the lower portion of his face, and disclosed: all haggard, unwashed, and unshorn: the features of flash Toby Crackit.
frock - robe de chambre, robe
haggard - hagard, émacié
"How are you, Faguey?" said this worthy, nodding to the Jew. "Pop that shawl away in my castor, Dodger, so that I may know where to find it when I cut; that's the time of day! You'll be a fine young cracksman afore the old file now."
nodding to - en faisant un signe de tete
castor - ricin, Castor
cracksman - cracksman
With these words he pulled up the smock-frock; and, winding it round his middle, drew a chair to the fire, and placed his feet upon the hob.
"See there, Faguey," he said, pointing disconsolately to his top boots; "not a drop of Day and Martin since you know when; not a bubble of blacking, by Jove! But don't look at me in that way, man. All in good time. I can't talk about business till I've eat and drank; so produce the sustainance, and let's have a quiet fill-out for the first time these three days!"
disconsolately - avec découragement
Martin - martin
sustainance - la durabilité
The Jew motioned to the Dodger to place what eatables there were, upon the table; and, seating himself opposite the housebreaker, waited his leisure.
To judge from appearances, Toby was by no means in a hurry to open the conversation. At first, the Jew contented himself with patiently watching his countenance, as if to gain from its expression some clue to the intelligence he brought; but in vain.
He looked tired and worn, but there was the same complacent repose upon his features that they always wore: and through dirt, and beard, and whisker, there still shone, unimpaired, the self-satisfied smirk of flash Toby Crackit. Then the Jew, in an agony of impatience, watched every morsel he put into his mouth; pacing up and down the room, meanwhile, in irrepressible excitement.
whisker - favoris, poil de barbe, moustache, vibrisse, d’un poil
unimpaired - non altérée
smirk - sourire en coin, ricanerie
It was all of no use. Toby continued to eat with the utmost outward indifference, until he could eat no more; then, ordering the Dodger out, he closed the door, mixed a glass of spirits and water, and composed himself for talking.
outward - externe
"First and foremost, Faguey," said Toby.
"Yes, yes!" interposed the Jew, drawing up his chair.
Mr. Crackit stopped to take a draught of spirits and water, and to declare that the gin was excellent; then placing his feet against the low mantelpiece, so as to bring his boots to about the level of his eye, he quietly resumed.
mantelpiece - tablette de cheminée
"First and foremost, Faguey," said the housebreaker, "how's Bill?"
"What!" screamed the Jew, starting from his seat.
"Why, you don't mean to say"" began Toby, turning pale.
"Mean!" cried the Jew, stamping furiously on the ground. "Where are they? Sikes and the boy! Where are they? Where have they been? Where are they hiding? Why have they not been here?"
"The crack failed," said Toby faintly.
"I know it," replied the Jew, tearing a newspaper from his pocket and pointing to it. "What more?"
"They fired and hit the boy. We cut over the fields at the back, with him between us"straight as the crow flies"through hedge and ditch. They gave chase. Damme! the whole country was awake, and the dogs upon us."
crow - corbeau, corneille
hedge - couverture, haie
ditch - fossé
"Bill had him on his back, and scudded like the wind. We stopped to take him between us; his head hung down, and he was cold. They were close upon our heels; every man for himself, and each from the gallows! We parted company, and left the youngster lying in a ditch. Alive or dead, that's all I know about him."
The Jew stopped to hear no more; but uttering a loud yell, and twining his hands in his hair, rushed from the room, and from the house.
CHAPTER XXVI. IN WHICH A MYSTERIOUS CHARACTER APPEARS UPON THE SCENE; AND MANY THINGS, INSEPARABLE FROM THIS HISTORY, ARE DONE AND PERFORMED
The old man had gained the street corner, before he began to recover the effect of Toby Crackit's intelligence. He had relaxed nothing of his unusual speed; but was still pressing onward, in the same wild and disordered manner, when the sudden dashing past of a carriage: and a boisterous cry from the foot passengers, who saw his danger: drove him back upon the pavement.
dashing - fringant, tiret, trait, ta, sprint, soupçon, se précipiter
Avoiding, as much as was possible, all the main streets, and skulking only through the by-ways and alleys, he at length emerged on Snow Hill. Here he walked even faster than before; nor did he linger until he had again turned into a court; when, as if conscious that he was now in his proper element, he fell into his usual shuffling pace, and seemed to breathe more freely.
skulking - de rôder, (skulk), se cacher
shuffling - le brassage, (shuffle), battage, battre, mélanger
Near to the spot on which Snow Hill and Holborn Hill meet, opens, upon the right hand as you come out of the City, a narrow and dismal alley, leading to Saffron Hill. In its filthy shops are exposed for sale huge bunches of second-hand silk handkerchiefs, of all sizes and patterns; for here reside the traders who purchase them from pick-pockets.
alley - allée, ruelle
traders - commerçants, commerçant, trader, marchand
Hundreds of these handkerchiefs hang dangling from pegs outside the windows or flaunting from the door-posts; and the shelves, within, are piled with them. Confined as the limits of Field Lane are, it has its barber, its coffee-shop, its beer-shop, and its fried-fish warehouse.
dangling - pendante, ballant, (dangle), pendre, pendouiller
pegs - chevilles, cheville, porte-manteau, patere, cheviller, épingler
flaunting - l'étalage, faire étalage de, étaler
barber - coiffeur, coiffeuse, barbier
It is a commercial colony of itself: the emporium of petty larceny: visited at early morning, and setting-in of dusk, by silent merchants, who traffic in dark back-parlours, and who go as strangely as they come.
larceny - larcin, vol
dusk - crépuscule
parlours - salons, (petit) salon
strangely - étrangement
Here, the clothesman, the shoe-vamper, and the rag-merchant, display their goods, as sign-boards to the petty thief; here, stores of old iron and bones, and heaps of mildewy fragments of woollen-stuff and linen, rust and rot in the grimy cellars.
clothesman - habilleur
vamper - vamper
mildewy - de la moisissure
woollen - lainage
linen - le linge, toile, lin, linge
rust - rouille, se rouiller
rot - pourriture, pourrir
grimy - infâme
cellars - caves, cave
It was into this place that the Jew turned. He was well known to the sallow denizens of the lane; for such of them as were on the look-out to buy or sell, nodded, familiarly, as he passed along.
denizens - des habitants, citoyen, habitué
familiarly - familierement
He replied to their salutations in the same way; but bestowed no closer recognition until he reached the further end of the alley; when he stopped, to address a salesman of small stature, who had squeezed as much of his person into a child's chair as the chair would hold, and was smoking a pipe at his warehouse door.
salesman - vendeur
"Why, the sight of you, Mr. Fagin, would cure the hoptalmy!" said this respectable trader, in acknowledgment of the Jew's inquiry after his health.
"The neighbourhood was a little too hot, Lively," said Fagin, elevating his eyebrows, and crossing his hands upon his shoulders.
"Well, I've heerd that complaint of it, once or twice before," replied the trader; "but it soon cools down again; don't you find it so?"
Fagin nodded in the affirmative. Pointing in the direction of Saffron Hill, he inquired whether any one was up yonder to-night.
"At the Cripples?" inquired the man.
cripples - des infirmes, estropié, infirme, estropier, bridé
The Jew nodded.
"Let me see," pursued the merchant, reflecting. "Yes, there's some half-dozen of 'em gone in, that I knows. I don't think your friend's there."
"Sikes is not, I suppose?" inquired the Jew, with a disappointed countenance.
"Non istwentus, as the lawyers say," replied the little man, shaking his head, and looking amazingly sly. "Have you got anything in my line to-night?"
non - non
amazingly - étonnamment
"Nothing to-night," said the Jew, turning away.
"Are you going up to the Cripples, Fagin?" cried the little man, calling after him. "Stop! I don't mind if I have a drop there with you!"
I don't mind - Ça ne me dérange pas
But as the Jew, looking back, waved his hand to intimate that he preferred being alone; and, moreover, as the little man could not very easily disengage himself from the chair; the sign of the Cripples was, for a time, bereft of the advantage of Mr. Lively's presence. By the time he had got upon his legs, the Jew had disappeared; so Mr.
bereft - perdue, privé de, (bereave), arracher
Lively, after ineffectually standing on tiptoe, in the hope of catching sight of him, again forced himself into the little chair, and, exchanging a shake of the head with a lady in the opposite shop, in which doubt and mistrust were plainly mingled, resumed his pipe with a grave demeanour.
ineffectually - sans effet
tiptoe - pointe des pied ieds, marcher sur la pointe des pieds
mistrust - méfiance, défiance
The Three Cripples, or rather the Cripples; which was the sign by which the establishment was familiarly known to its patrons: was the public-house in which Mr. Sikes and his dog have already figured.
Merely making a sign to a man at the bar, Fagin walked straight upstairs, and opening the door of a room, and softly insinuating himself into the chamber, looked anxiously about: shading his eyes with his hand, as if in search of some particular person.
insinuating - insinuer
The room was illuminated by two gas-lights; the glare of which was prevented by the barred shutters, and closely-drawn curtains of faded red, from being visible outside. The ceiling was blackened, to prevent its colour from being injured by the flaring of the lamps; and the place was so full of dense tobacco smoke, that at first it was scarcely possible to discern anything more.
illuminated - éclairé, illuminer
By degrees, however, as some of it cleared away through the open door, an assemblage of heads, as confused as the noises that greeted the ear, might be made out; and as the eye grew more accustomed to the scene, the spectator gradually became aware of the presence of a numerous company, male and female, crowded round a long table: at the upper end of which, sat a chairman with a hammer of office in his hand; while a professional gentleman with a bluish nose, and his face tied up for the benefit of a toothache, presided at a jingling piano in a remote corner.
assemblage - assemblage
hammer - marteau, chien, malléus, marteler, (ham)
bluish - bleuâtre, bleuté, légerement bleu
toothache - mal aux dents, mal de dents
As Fagin stepped softly in, the professional gentleman, running over the keys by way of prelude, occasioned a general cry of order for a song; which having subsided, a young lady proceeded to entertain the company with a ballad in four verses, between each of which the accompanyist played the melody all through, as loud as he could.
subsided - s'est apaisée, tomber, calmer
ballad - ballade
accompanyist - accompagnateur
When this was over, the chairman gave a sentiment, after which, the professional gentleman on the chairman's right and left volunteered a duet, and sang it, with great applause.
duet - duo, duetto
applause - applaudissements, applaudissement, acclamation
It was curious to observe some faces which stood out prominently from among the group.
prominently - en évidence
There was the chairman himself, (the landlord of the house,) a coarse, rough, heavy built fellow, who, while the songs were proceeding, rolled his eyes hither and thither, and, seeming to give himself up to joviality, had an eye for everything that was done, and an ear for everything that was said"and sharp ones, too.
thither - la, la, d'ici la
joviality - jovialité
Near him were the singers: receiving, with professional indifference, the compliments of the company, and applying themselves, in turn, to a dozen proffered glasses of spirits and water, tendered by their more boisterous admirers; whose countenances, expressive of almost every vice in almost every grade, irresistibly attracted the attention, by their very repulsiveness.
admirers - admirateurs, admirateur, admiratrice
repulsiveness - la répulsion
Cunning, ferocity, and drunkeness in all its stages, were there, in their strongest aspect; and women: some with the last lingering tinge of their early freshness almost fading as you looked: others with every mark and stamp of their sex utterly beaten out, and presenting but one loathsome blank of profligacy and crime; some mere girls, others but young women, and none past the prime of life; formed the darkest and saddest portion of this dreary picture.
drunkeness - l'ivresse
tinge - teinte, touche, nuance, teindre
Fagin, troubled by no grave emotions, looked eagerly from face to face while these proceedings were in progress; but apparently without meeting that of which he was in search. Succeeding, at length, in catching the eye of the man who occupied the chair, he beckoned to him slightly, and left the room, as quietly as he had entered it.
"What can I do for you, Mr. Fagin?" inquired the man, as he followed him out to the landing. "Won't you join us? They'll be delighted, every one of 'em."
The Jew shook his head impatiently, and said in a whisper, "Is he here?"
"No," replied the man.
"And no news of Barney?" inquired Fagin.
"None," replied the landlord of the Cripples; for it was he. "He won't stir till it's all safe. Depend on it, they're on the scent down there; and that if he moved, he'd blow upon the thing at once. He's all right enough, Barney is, else I should have heard of him. I'll pound it, that Barney's managing properly. Let him alone for that."
"Will he be here to-night?" asked the Jew, laying the same emphasis on the pronoun as before.
pronoun - pronom
"Monks, do you mean?" inquired the landlord, hesitating.
"Hush!" said the Jew. "Yes."
"Certain," replied the man, drawing a gold watch from his fob; "I expected him here before now. If you'll wait ten minutes, he'll be""
fob - fob, refiler (qqch a qqn)
"No, no," said the Jew, hastily; as though, however desirous he might be to see the person in question, he was nevertheless relieved by his absence. "Tell him I came here to see him; and that he must come to me to-night. No, say to-morrow. As he is not here, to-morrow will be time enough."
"Good!" said the man. "Nothing more?"
"Not a word now," said the Jew, descending the stairs.
"I say," said the other, looking over the rails, and speaking in a hoarse whisper; "what a time this would be for a sell! I've got Phil Barker here: so drunk, that a boy might take him!"
"Ah! But it's not Phil Barker's time," said the Jew, looking up. "Phil has something more to do, before we can afford to part with him; so go back to the company, my dear, and tell them to lead merry lives"while they last. Ha! ha! ha!"
The landlord reciprocated the old man's laugh; and returned to his guests. The Jew was no sooner alone, than his countenance resumed its former expression of anxiety and thought. After a brief reflection, he called a hack-cabriolet, and bade the man drive towards Bethnal Green. He dismissed him within some quarter of a mile of Mr.
reciprocated - réciproque, donner en retour, réciproquer, rendre la pareille
hack - hack, pic, hacher
Sikes's residence, and performed the short remainder of the distance, on foot.
"Now," muttered the Jew, as he knocked at the door, "if there is any deep play here, I shall have it out of you, my girl, cunning as you are."
She was in her room, the woman said. Fagin crept softly upstairs, and entered it without any previous ceremony. The girl was alone; lying with her head upon the table, and her hair straggling over it.
"She has been drinking," thought the Jew, cooly, "or perhaps she is only miserable."
cooly - cooly
The old man turned to close the door, as he made this reflection; the noise thus occasioned, roused the girl. She eyed his crafty face narrowly, as she inquired to his recital of Toby Crackit's story. When it was concluded, she sank into her former attitude, but spoke not a word.
crafty - artisanal, rusé, madré
She pushed the candle impatiently away; and once or twice as she feverishly changed her position, shuffled her feet upon the ground; but this was all.
feverishly - fébrilement
During the silence, the Jew looked restlessly about the room, as if to assure himself that there were no appearances of Sikes having covertly returned. Apparently satisfied with his inspection, he coughed twice or thrice, and made as many efforts to open a conversation; but the girl heeded him no more than if he had been made of stone.
restlessly - avec agitation
heeded - pris en compte, attention, observer, surveiller
At length he made another attempt; and rubbing his hands together, said, in his most conciliatory tone,
conciliatory - conciliant
"And where should you think Bill was now, my dear?"
The girl moaned out some half intelligible reply, that she could not tell; and seemed, from the smothered noise that escaped her, to be crying.
"And the boy, too," said the Jew, straining his eyes to catch a glimpse of her face. "Poor leetle child! Left in a ditch, Nance; only think!"
"The child," said the girl, suddenly looking up, "is better where he is, than among us; and if no harm comes to Bill from it, I hope he lies dead in the ditch and that his young bones may rot there."
"What!" cried the Jew, in amazement.
"Ay, I do," returned the girl, meeting his gaze. "I shall be glad to have him away from my eyes, and to know that the worst is over. I can't bear to have him about me. The sight of him turns me against myself, and all of you."
"Pooh!" said the Jew, scornfully. "You're drunk."
"Am I?" cried the girl bitterly. "It's no fault of yours, if I am not! You'd never have me anything else, if you had your will, except now;"the humour doesn't suit you, doesn't it?"
"No!" rejoined the Jew, furiously. "It does not."
"Change it, then!" responded the girl, with a laugh.
"Change it!" exclaimed the Jew, exasperated beyond all bounds by his companion's unexpected obstinacy, and the vexation of the night, "I will change it! Listen to me, you drab. Listen to me, who with six words, can strangle Sikes as surely as if I had his bull's throat between my fingers now.
exasperated - exaspéré, exaspérer
obstinacy - l'obstination, entetement, obstination
strangle - étrangler
If he comes back, and leaves the boy behind him; if he gets off free, and dead or alive, fails to restore him to me; murder him yourself if you would have him escape Jack Ketch. And do it the moment he sets foot in this room, or mind me, it will be too late!"
ketch - ketch
"What is all this?" cried the girl involuntarily.
"What is it?" pursued Fagin, mad with rage. "When the boy's worth hundreds of pounds to me, am I to lose what chance threw me in the way of getting safely, through the whims of a drunken gang that I could whistle away the lives of! And me bound, too, to a born devil that only wants the will, and has the power to, to""
whims - des caprices, caprice
Panting for breath, the old man stammered for a word; and in that instant checked the torrent of his wrath, and changed his whole demeanour. A moment before, his clenched hands had grasped the air; his eyes had dilated; and his face grown livid with passion; but now, he shrunk into a chair, and, cowering together, trembled with the apprehension of having himself disclosed some hidden villainy.
torrent - torrent
dilated - dilaté, dilater, se dilater
cowering - se recroqueviller
After a short silence, he ventured to look round at his companion. He appeared somewhat reassured, on beholding her in the same listless attitude from which he had first roused her.
beholding - l'observation, regarder, voir, observer, voici, voila
listless - sans voix, apathique, indolent
"Nancy, dear!" croaked the Jew, in his usual voice. "Did you mind me, dear?"
croaked - croassé, coassement, coasser, croasser, crever
"Don't worry me now, Fagin!" replied the girl, raising her head languidly. "If Bill has not done it this time, he will another. He has done many a good job for you, and will do many more when he can; and when he can't he won't; so no more about that."
languidly - langoureusement
"Regarding this boy, my dear?" said the Jew, rubbing the palms of his hands nervously together.
nervously - nerveusement
"The boy must take his chance with the rest," interrupted Nancy, hastily; "and I say again, I hope he is dead, and out of harm's way, and out of yours,"that is, if Bill comes to no harm. And if Toby got clear off, Bill's pretty sure to be safe; for Bill's worth two of Toby any time."
"And about what I was saying, my dear?" observed the Jew, keeping his glistening eye steadily upon her.
"You must say it all over again, if it's anything you want me to do," rejoined Nancy; "and if it is, you had better wait till to-morrow. You put me up for a minute; but now I'm stupid again."
Fagin put several other questions: all with the same drift of ascertaining whether the girl had profited by his unguarded hints; but, she answered them so readily, and was withal so utterly unmoved by his searching looks, that his original impression of her being more than a trifle in liquor, was confirmed.
ascertaining - vérifier, constater, définir
withal - en tout état de cause
unmoved - indifférent, insensible
Nancy, indeed, was not exempt from a failing which was very common among the Jew's female pupils; and in which, in their tenderer years, they were rather encouraged than checked.
Her disordered appearance, and a wholesale perfume of Geneva which pervaded the apartment, afforded strong confirmatory evidence of the justice of the Jew's supposition; and when, after indulging in the temporary display of violence above described, she subsided, first into dullness, and afterwards into a compound of feelings: under the influence of which she shed tears one minute, and in the next gave utterance to various exclamations of "Never say die!" and divers calculations as to what might be the amount of the odds so long as a lady or gentleman was happy, Mr. Fagin, who had had considerable experience of such matters in his time, saw, with great satisfaction, that she was very far gone indeed.
wholesale - vente en gros
perfume - parfum, fragrance, parfumer
pervaded - imprégné, saturer, pénétrer, envahir
confirmatory - de confirmation
supposition - hypothese, supposition, conjecture
dullness - la grisaille, obtusité
shed tears - verser des larmes
Having eased his mind by this discovery; and having accomplished his twofold object of imparting to the girl what he had, that night, heard, and of ascertaining, with his own eyes, that Sikes had not returned, Mr. Fagin again turned his face homeward: leaving his young friend asleep, with her head upon the table.
twofold - double
imparting - transmettre, donner, communiquer
It was within an hour of midnight. The weather being dark, and piercing cold, he had no great temptation to loiter. The sharp wind that scoured the streets, seemed to have cleared them of passengers, as of dust and mud, for few people were abroad, and they were to all appearance hastening fast home.
temptation - la tentation, tentation
loiter - flâner, traîner
hastening - se hâter, dépecher
It blew from the right quarter for the Jew, however, and straight before it he went: trembling, and shivering, as every fresh gust drove him rudely on his way.
gust - rafale
rudely - grossierement, bourru
He had reached the corner of his own street, and was already fumbling in his pocket for the door-key, when a dark figure emerged from a projecting entrance which lay in deep shadow, and, crossing the road, glided up to him unperceived.
unperceived - non perçue
"Fagin!" whispered a voice close to his ear.
"Ah!" said the Jew, turning quickly round, "is that""
"Yes!" interrupted the stranger. "I have been lingering here these two hours. Where the devil have you been?"
"On your business, my dear," replied the Jew, glancing uneasily at his companion, and slackening his pace as he spoke. "On your business all night."
slackening - un ralentissement, (slacken) un ralentissement
"Oh, of course!" said the stranger, with a sneer. "Well; and what's come of it?"
"Nothing good," said the Jew.
"Nothing bad, I hope?" said the stranger, stopping short, and turning a startled look on his companion.
The Jew shook his head, and was about to reply, when the stranger, interrupting him, motioned to the house, before which they had by this time arrived: remarking, that he had better say what he had got to say, under cover: for his blood was chilled with standing about so long, and the wind blew through him.
standing about - debout
Fagin looked as if he could have willingly excused himself from taking home a visitor at that unseasonable hour; and, indeed, muttered something about having no fire; but his companion repeating his request in a peremptory manner, he unlocked the door, and requested him to close it softly, while he got a light.
willingly - volontairement, volontiers
unseasonable - hors saison
peremptory - péremptoire
"It's as dark as the grave," said the man, groping forward a few steps. "Make haste!"
"Shut the door," whispered Fagin from the end of the passage. As he spoke, it closed with a loud noise.
"That wasn't my doing," said the other man, feeling his way. "The wind blew it to, or it shut of its own accord: one or the other. Look sharp with the light, or I shall knock my brains out against something in this confounded hole."
accord - accord, entente, accorder
Fagin stealthily descended the kitchen stairs. After a short absence, he returned with a lighted candle, and the intelligence that Toby Crackit was asleep in the back room below, and that the boys were in the front one. Beckoning the man to follow him, he led the way upstairs.
beckoning - l'appel, faire signe
"We can say the few words we've got to say in here, my dear," said the Jew, throwing open a door on the first floor; "and as there are holes in the shutters, and we never show lights to our neighbours, we'll set the candle on the stairs. There!"
With those words, the Jew, stooping down, placed the candle on an upper flight of stairs, exactly opposite to the room door. This done, he led the way into the apartment; which was destitute of all movables save a broken arm-chair, and an old couch or sofa without covering, which stood behind the door.
Upon this piece of furniture, the stranger sat himself with the air of a weary man; and the Jew, drawing up the arm-chair opposite, they sat face to face. It was not quite dark; the door was partially open; and the candle outside, threw a feeble reflection on the opposite wall.
They conversed for some time in whispers. Though nothing of the conversation was distinguishable beyond a few disjointed words here and there, a listener might easily have perceived that Fagin appeared to be defending himself against some remarks of the stranger; and that the latter was in a state of considerable irritation.
conversed - conversé, converser
distinguishable - distinguables
They might have been talking, thus, for a quarter of an hour or more, when Monks"by which name the Jew had designated the strange man several times in the course of their colloquy"said, raising his voice a little,
colloquy - colloque, conversation
"I tell you again, it was badly planned. Why not have kept him here among the rest, and made a sneaking, snivelling pickpocket of him at once?"
pickpocket - pickpocket, voleur a la tire
"Only hear him!" exclaimed the Jew, shrugging his shoulders.
"Why, do you mean to say you couldn't have done it, if you had chosen?" demanded Monks, sternly. "Haven't you done it, with other boys, scores of times? If you had had patience for a twelvemonth, at most, couldn't you have got him convicted, and sent safely out of the kingdom; perhaps for life?"
twelvemonth - douze mois
"Whose turn would that have served, my dear?" inquired the Jew humbly.
"Mine," replied Monks.
"But not mine," said the Jew, submissively. "He might have become of use to me. When there are two parties to a bargain, it is only reasonable that the interests of both should be consulted; is it, my good friend?"
submissively - avec soumission
"What then?" demanded Monks.
"I saw it was not easy to train him to the business," replied the Jew; "he was not like other boys in the same circumstances."
"Curse him, no!" muttered the man, "or he would have been a thief, long ago."
Curse him - Le maudire
"I had no hold upon him to make him worse," pursued the Jew, anxiously watching the countenance of his companion. "His hand was not in. I had nothing to frighten him with; which we always must have in the beginning, or we labour in vain. What could I do? Send him out with the Dodger and Charley? We had enough of that, at first, my dear; I trembled for us all."
"That was not my doing," observed Monks.
"No, no, my dear!" renewed the Jew. "And I don't quarrel with it now; because, if it had never happened, you might never have clapped eyes on the boy to notice him, and so led to the discovery that it was him you were looking for. Well! I got him back for you by means of the girl; and then she begins to favour him."
clapped - applaudi, applaudir, battre des mains
"Throttle the girl!" said Monks, impatiently.
"Why, we can't afford to do that just now, my dear," replied the Jew, smiling; "and, besides, that sort of thing is not in our way; or, one of these days, I might be glad to have it done. I know what these girls are, Monks, well. As soon as the boy begins to harden, she'll care no more for him, than for a block of wood. You want him made a thief.
harden - durcir, endurcissez, endurcissent, endurcir
If he is alive, I can make him one from this time; and, if"if"" said the Jew, drawing nearer to the other,""it's not likely, mind,"but if the worst comes to the worst, and he is dead""
"It's no fault of mine if he is!" interposed the other man, with a look of terror, and clasping the Jew's arm with trembling hands. "Mind that. Fagin! I had no hand in it. Anything but his death, I told you from the first. I won't shed blood; it's always found out, and haunts a man besides. If they shot him dead, I was not the cause; do you hear me? Fire this infernal den! What's that?"
shed blood - verser du sang
"What!" cried the Jew, grasping the coward round the body, with both arms, as he sprung to his feet. "Where?"
coward - lâche, couard, couarde, poltron, poltronne
"Yonder!" replied the man, glaring at the opposite wall. "The shadow! I saw the shadow of a woman, in a cloak and bonnet, pass along the wainscot like a breath!"
wainscot - lambris, panneau
The Jew released his hold, and they rushed tumultuously from the room. The candle, wasted by the draught, was standing where it had been placed. It showed them only the empty staircase, and their own white faces. They listened intently: a profound silence reigned throughout the house.
tumultuously - tumultueusement
"It's your fancy," said the Jew, taking up the light and turning to his companion.
"I'll swear I saw it!" replied Monks, trembling. "It was bending forward when I saw it first; and when I spoke, it darted away."
The Jew glanced contemptuously at the pale face of his associate, and, telling him he could follow, if he pleased, ascended the stairs. They looked into all the rooms; they were cold, bare, and empty. They descended into the passage, and thence into the cellars below.
The green damp hung upon the low walls; the tracks of the snail and slug glistened in the light of the candle; but all was still as death.
snail - escargot, limaçon
slug - limace, zigoto, battement, espacement
"What do you think now?" said the Jew, when they had regained the passage. "Besides ourselves, there's not a creature in the house except Toby and the boys; and they're safe enough. See here!"
As a proof of the fact, the Jew drew forth two keys from his pocket; and explained, that when he first went downstairs, he had locked them in, to prevent any intrusion on the conference.
intrusion - intrusion
This accumulated testimony effectually staggered Mr. Monks. His protestations had gradually become less and less vehement as they proceeded in their search without making any discovery; and, now, he gave vent to several very grim laughs, and confessed it could only have been his excited imagination.
He declined any renewal of the conversation, however, for that night: suddenly remembering that it was past one o'clock. And so the amiable couple parted.
renewal - renouvellement, renouvelement
CHAPTER XXVII. ATONES FOR THE UNPOLITENESS OF A FORMER CHAPTER; WHICH DESERTED A LADY, MOST UNCEREMONIOUSLY
atones - expier
unceremoniously - sans cérémonie
As it would be, by no means, seemly in a humble author to keep so mighty a personage as a beadle waiting, with his back to the fire, and the skirts of his coat gathered up under his arms, until such time as it might suit his pleasure to relieve him; and as it would still less become his station, or his gallantry to involve in the same neglect a lady on whom that beadle had looked with an eye of tenderness and affection, and in whose ear he had whispered sweet words, which, coming from such a quarter, might well thrill the bosom of maid or matron of whatsoever degree; the historian whose pen traces these words"trusting that he knows his place, and that he entertains a becoming reverence for those upon earth to whom high and important authority is delegated"hastens to pay them that respect which their position demands, and to treat them with all that duteous ceremony which their exalted rank, and (by consequence) great virtues, imperatively claim at his hands. Towards this end, indeed, he had purposed to introduce, in this place, a dissertation touching the divine right of beadles, and elucidative of the position, that a beadle can do no wrong: which could not fail to have been both pleasurable and profitable to the right-minded reader but which he is unfortunately compelled, by want of time and space, to postpone to some more convenient and fitting opportunity; on the arrival of which, he will be prepared to show, that a beadle properly constituted: that is to say, a parochial beadle, attached to a parochial workhouse, and attending in his official capacity the parochial church: is, in right and virtue of his office, possessed of all the excellences and best qualities of humanity; and that to none of those excellences, can mere companies'beadles, or court-of-law beadles, or even chapel-of-ease beadles (save the last, and they in a very lowly and inferior degree), lay the remotest sustainable claim.
gallantry - la galanterie, courage, galanterie
involve in - impliquer
tenderness - tendresse
thrill - l'excitation, exciter
maid - femme de ménage, demoiselle, jeune fille, bonne
reverence - révérence
Hastens - hâte, dépecher
duteous - duteux
imperatively - impérativement
dissertation - dissertation
elucidative - élucidatif
pleasurable - agréable
chapel - chapelle
lowly - faible, humble
inferior - inférieur
Mr. Bumble had re-counted the teaspoons, re-weighed the sugar-tongs, made a closer inspection of the milk-pot, and ascertained to a nicety the exact condition of the furniture, down to the very horse-hair seats of the chairs; and had repeated each process full half a dozen times; before he began to think that it was time for Mrs. Corney to return.
ascertained - vérifié, constater, définir
Thinking begets thinking; as there were no sounds of Mrs. Corney's approach, it occured to Mr. Bumble that it would be an innocent and virtuous way of spending the time, if he were further to allay his curiousity by a cursory glance at the interior of Mrs. Corney's chest of drawers.
begets - engendre, engendrer, procréer
cursory - superficielle, rapide, superficiel
Having listened at the keyhole, to assure himself that nobody was approaching the chamber, Mr.
Bumble, beginning at the bottom, proceeded to make himself acquainted with the contents of the three long drawers: which, being filled with various garments of good fashion and texture, carefully preserved between two layers of old newspapers, speckled with dried lavender: seemed to yield him exceeding satisfaction.
lavender - la lavande, lavande, bleu lavande
Arriving, in course of time, at the right-hand corner drawer (in which was the key), and beholding therein a small padlocked box, which, being shaken, gave forth a pleasant sound, as of the chinking of coin, Mr. Bumble returned with a stately walk to the fireplace; and, resuming his old attitude, said, with a grave and determined air, "I'll do it!
padlocked - cadenassée, cadenas, cadenasser
chinking - le chinking, fente, fissure
stately - majestueux, imposant
I'll do it - Je vais le faire
" He followed up this remarkable declaration, by shaking his head in a waggish manner for ten minutes, as though he were remonstrating with himself for being such a pleasant dog; and then, he took a view of his legs in profile, with much seeming pleasure and interest.
waggish - waggish
He was still placidly engaged in this latter survey, when Mrs. Corney, hurrying into the room, threw herself, in a breathless state, on a chair by the fireside, and covering her eyes with one hand, placed the other over her heart, and gasped for breath.
placidly - placidement
"Mrs. Corney," said Mr. Bumble, stooping over the matron, "what is this, ma'am? Has anything happened, ma'am? Pray answer me: I'm on"on"" Mr. Bumble, in his alarm, could not immediately think of the word "tenterhooks," so he said "broken bottles."
"Oh, Mr. Bumble!" cried the lady, "I have been so dreadfully put out!"
"Put out, ma'am!" exclaimed Mr. Bumble; "who has dared to"? I know!" said Mr. Bumble, checking himself, with native majesty, "this is them wicious paupers!"
"It's dreadful to think of!" said the lady, shuddering.
shuddering - tremblant, (shudder), tremblement, frisson, frissonner, trembler
"Then don't think of it, ma'am," rejoined Mr. Bumble.
"I can't help it," whimpered the lady.
whimpered - pleurniché, gémissement, gémir, pleurnicher
"Then take something, ma'am," said Mr. Bumble soothingly. "A little of the wine?"
"Not for the world!" replied Mrs. Corney. "I couldn't,"oh! The top shelf in the right-hand corner"oh!" Uttering these words, the good lady pointed, distractedly, to the cupboard, and underwent a convulsion from internal spasms. Mr.
distractedly - distraitement
convulsion - convulsion
spasms - spasmes, spasme
Bumble rushed to the closet; and, snatching a pint green-glass bottle from the shelf thus incoherently indicated, filled a tea-cup with its contents, and held it to the lady's lips.
incoherently - de façon incohérente
"I'm better now," said Mrs. Corney, falling back, after drinking half of it.
Mr. Bumble raised his eyes piously to the ceiling in thankfulness; and, bringing them down again to the brim of the cup, lifted it to his nose.
thankfulness - le remerciement, gratitude, reconnaissance
brim - bord
"Peppermint," exclaimed Mrs. Corney, in a faint voice, smiling gently on the beadle as she spoke. "Try it! There's a little"a little something else in it."
peppermint - menthe poivrée
Mr. Bumble tasted the medicine with a doubtful look; smacked his lips; took another taste; and put the cup down empty.
smacked - giflé, donner une tape a
"It's very comforting," said Mrs. Corney.
"Very much so indeed, ma'am," said the beadle. As he spoke, he drew a chair beside the matron, and tenderly inquired what had happened to distress her.
"Nothing," replied Mrs. Corney. "I am a foolish, excitable, weak creetur."
"Not weak, ma'am," retorted Mr. Bumble, drawing his chair a little closer. "Are you a weak creetur, Mrs. Corney?"
"We are all weak creeturs," said Mrs. Corney, laying down a general principle.
"So we are," said the beadle.
Nothing was said on either side, for a minute or two afterwards. By the expiration of that time, Mr. Bumble had illustrated the position by removing his left arm from the back of Mrs. Corney's chair, where it had previously rested, to Mrs. Corney's apron-string, round which it gradually became entwined.
apron-string - (apron-string) la ficelle du tablier
entwined - entrelacés, enlacer
"We are all weak creeturs," said Mr. Bumble.
Mrs. Corney sighed.
"Don't sigh, Mrs. Corney," said Mr. Bumble.
"I can't help it," said Mrs. Corney. And she sighed again.
"This is a very comfortable room, ma'am," said Mr. Bumble looking round. "Another room, and this, ma'am, would be a complete thing."
"It would be too much for one," murmured the lady.
"But not for two, ma'am," rejoined Mr. Bumble, in soft accents. "Eh, Mrs. Corney?"
Mrs. Corney drooped her head, when the beadle said this; the beadle drooped his, to get a view of Mrs. Corney's face. Mrs. Corney, with great propriety, turned her head away, and released her hand to get at her pocket-handkerchief; but insensibly replaced it in that of Mr. Bumble.
drooped - s'est affaissée, tomber, s'affaisser, bec
"The board allows you coals, don't they, Mrs. Corney?" inquired the beadle, affectionately pressing her hand.
affectionately - affectueusement
"And candles," replied Mrs. Corney, slightly returning the pressure.
"Coals, candles, and house-rent free," said Mr. Bumble. "Oh, Mrs. Corney, what an Angel you are!"
house-rent - (house-rent) le loyer
The lady was not proof against this burst of feeling. She sank into Mr. Bumble's arms; and that gentleman in his agitation, imprinted a passionate kiss upon her chaste nose.
chaste - chaste
"Such porochial perfection!" exclaimed Mr. Bumble, rapturously. "You know that Mr. Slout is worse to-night, my fascinator?"
perfection - la perfection, perfection
rapturously - avec enthousiasme
fascinator - fascinateur
"Yes," replied Mrs. Corney, bashfully.
"He can't live a week, the doctor says," pursued Mr. Bumble. "He is the master of this establishment; his death will cause a wacancy; that wacancy must be filled up. Oh, Mrs. Corney, what a prospect this opens! What a opportunity for a jining of hearts and housekeepings!"
housekeepings - l'entretien ménager, ménage
Mrs. Corney sobbed.
"The little word?" said Mr. Bumble, bending over the bashful beauty. "The one little, little, little word, my blessed Corney?"
bashful - timide
"Ye"ye"yes!" sighed out the matron.
"One more," pursued the beadle; "compose your darling feelings for only one more. When is it to come off?"
darling - chéri, chérie
Mrs. Corney twice essayed to speak: and twice failed. At length summoning up courage, she threw her arms around Mr. Bumble's neck, and said, it might be as soon as ever he pleased, and that he was "a irresistible duck."
summoning - l'invocation, convoquer
irresistible - irrésistible
Duck - canard, cane
Matters being thus amicably and satisfactorily arranged, the contract was solemnly ratified in another teacupful of the peppermint mixture; which was rendered the more necessary, by the flutter and agitation of the lady's spirits. While it was being disposed of, she acquainted Mr. Bumble with the old woman's decease.
amicably - a l'amiable
satisfactorily - de maniere satisfaisante
ratified - ratifié, ratifier
teacupful - tasse a thé
more necessary - plus nécessaire
flutter - flottement, faséyer, voleter, voltiger, battement
decease - déces, déces, décéder, expirer, mourir, trépasser
"Very good," said that gentleman, sipping his peppermint; "I'll call at Sowerberry's as I go home, and tell him to send to-morrow morning. Was it that as frightened you, love?"
"It wasn't anything particular, dear," said the lady evasively.
evasively - évasivement
"It must have been something, love," urged Mr. Bumble. "Won't you tell your own B.?"
"Not now," rejoined the lady; "one of these days. After we're married, dear."
"After we're married!" exclaimed Mr. Bumble. "It wasn't any impudence from any of them male paupers as""
impudence - l'impudence, impudence
"No, no, love!" interposed the lady, hastily.
"If I thought it was," continued Mr. Bumble; "if I thought as any one of 'em had dared to lift his wulgar eyes to that lovely countenance""
"They wouldn't have dared to do it, love," responded the lady.
"They had better not!" said Mr. Bumble, clenching his fist. "Let me see any man, porochial or extra-porochial, as would presume to do it; and I can tell him that he wouldn't do it a second time!"
Unembellished by any violence of gesticulation, this might have seemed no very high compliment to the lady's charms; but, as Mr. Bumble accompanied the threat with many warlike gestures, she was much touched with this proof of his devotion, and protested, with great admiration, that he was indeed a dove.
gesticulation - gesticulation
warlike - belliqueux
The dove then turned up his coat-collar, and put on his cocked hat; and, having exchanged a long and affectionate embrace with his future partner, once again braved the cold wind of the night: merely pausing, for a few minutes, in the male paupers'ward, to abuse them a little, with the view of satisfying himself that he could fill the office of workhouse-master with needful acerbity.
needful - nécessaire
acerbity - acerbité, amertume
Assured of his qualifications, Mr. Bumble left the building with a light heart, and bright visions of his future promotion: which served to occupy his mind until he reached the shop of the undertaker.
Now, Mr. and Mrs. Sowerberry having gone out to tea and supper: and Noah Claypole not being at any time disposed to take upon himself a greater amount of physical exertion than is necessary to a convenient performance of the two functions of eating and drinking, the shop was not closed, although it was past the usual hour of shutting-up. Mr.
Bumble tapped with his cane on the counter several times; but, attracting no attention, and beholding a light shining through the glass-window of the little parlour at the back of the shop, he made bold to peep in and see what was going forward; and when he saw what was going forward, he was not a little surprised.
shining through - qui brille a travers
peep - peep, gazouiller, pépier
The cloth was laid for supper; the table was covered with bread and butter, plates and glasses; a porter-pot and a wine-bottle. At the upper end of the table, Mr. Noah Claypole lolled negligently in an easy-chair, with his legs thrown over one of the arms: an open clasp-knife in one hand, and a mass of buttered bread in the other.
negligently - par négligence
buttered - beurré, beurre
Close beside him stood Charlotte, opening oysters from a barrel: which Mr. Claypole condescended to swallow, with remarkable avidity.
Oysters - les huîtres, huître, huitre, sot-l’y-laisse
A more than ordinary redness in the region of the young gentleman's nose, and a kind of fixed wink in his right eye, denoted that he was in a slight degree intoxicated; these symptoms were confirmed by the intense relish with which he took his oysters, for which nothing but a strong appreciation of their cooling properties, in cases of internal fever, could have sufficiently accounted.
redness - rougeur
wink - clin d'oil, ciller
intoxicated - en état d'ébriété, intoxiquer
"Here's a delicious fat one, Noah, dear!" said Charlotte; "try him, do; only this one."
"What a delicious thing is a oyster!" remarked Mr. Claypole, after he had swallowed it. "What a pity it is, a number of 'em should ever make you feel uncomfortable; isn't it, Charlotte?"
"It's quite a cruelty," said Charlotte.
"So it is," acquiesced Mr. Claypole. "An't yer fond of oysters?"
"Not overmuch," replied Charlotte. "I like to see you eat 'em, Noah dear, better than eating 'em myself."
overmuch - par trop
"Lor!" said Noah, reflectively; "how queer!"
"Have another," said Charlotte. "Here's one with such a beautiful, delicate beard!"
"I can't manage any more," said Noah. "I'm very sorry. Come here, Charlotte, and I'll kiss yer."
"What!" said Mr. Bumble, bursting into the room. "Say that again, sir."
Charlotte uttered a scream, and hid her face in her apron. Mr. Claypole, without making any further change in his position than suffering his legs to reach the ground, gazed at the beadle in drunken terror.
"Say it again, you wile, owdacious fellow!" said Mr. Bumble. "How dare you mention such a thing, sir? And how dare you encourage him, you insolent minx? Kiss her!" exclaimed Mr. Bumble, in strong indignation. "Faugh!"
wile - wile
minx - minx
Faugh - faugh
"I didn't mean to do it!" said Noah, blubbering. "She's always a-kissing of me, whether I like it, or not."
blubbering - blubbering, lard, lard de mammifere marin, chialer
"Oh, Noah," cried Charlotte, reproachfully.
reproachfully - des reproches
"Yer are; yer know yer are!" retorted Noah. "She's always a-doin'of it, Mr. Bumble, sir; she chucks me under the chin, please, sir; and makes all manner of love!"
doin - faire
chucks - mandrins, balancer
"Silence!" cried Mr. Bumble, sternly. "Take yourself downstairs, ma'am. Noah, you shut up the shop; say another word till your master comes home, at your peril; and, when he does come home, tell him that Mr. Bumble said he was to send a old woman's shell after breakfast to-morrow morning. Do you hear sir? Kissing!" cried Mr. Bumble, holding up his hands.
peril - péril, risque
"The sin and wickedness of the lower orders in this porochial district is frightful! If Parliament don't take their abominable courses under consideration, this country's ruined, and the character of the peasantry gone for ever!" With these words, the beadle strode, with a lofty and gloomy air, from the undertaker's premises.
abominable - abominable
peasantry - la paysannerie, paysannerie
lofty - noble, haut
And now that we have accompanied him so far on his road home, and have made all necessary preparations for the old woman's funeral, let us set on foot a few inquires after young Oliver Twist, and ascertain whether he be still lying in the ditch where Toby Crackit left him.
inquires - demande, enqueter, renseigner
"Wolves tear your throats!" muttered Sikes, grinding his teeth. "I wish I was among some of you; you'd howl the hoarser for it."
wolves - loups, loup, tombeur, dévorer, engloutir
hoarser - plus rauque, enroué
As Sikes growled forth this imprecation, with the most desperate ferocity that his desperate nature was capable of, he rested the body of the wounded boy across his bended knee; and turned his head, for an instant, to look back at his pursuers.
bended - plié
There was little to be made out, in the mist and darkness; but the loud shouting of men vibrated through the air, and the barking of the neighbouring dogs, roused by the sound of the alarm bell, resounded in every direction.
vibrated - vibré, vibrer
alarm bell - Un signal d'alarme
"Stop, you white-livered hound!" cried the robber, shouting after Toby Crackit, who, making the best use of his long legs, was already ahead. "Stop!"
hound - chien de chasse, chien (de chasse)
The repetition of the word, brought Toby to a dead stand-still. For he was not quite satisfied that he was beyond the range of pistol-shot; and Sikes was in no mood to be played with.
repetition - répétition
"Bear a hand with the boy," cried Sikes, beckoning furiously to his confederate. "Come back!"
Confederate - confédérés, confédéré, confédérée
Toby made a show of returning; but ventured, in a low voice, broken for want of breath, to intimate considerable reluctance as he came slowly along.
reluctance - réticence, réluctance
"Quicker!" cried Sikes, laying the boy in a dry ditch at his feet, and drawing a pistol from his pocket. "Don't play booty with me."
At this moment the noise grew louder. Sikes, again looking round, could discern that the men who had given chase were already climbing the gate of the field in which he stood; and that a couple of dogs were some paces in advance of them.
"It's all up, Bill!" cried Toby; "drop the kid, and show 'em your heels." With this parting advice, Mr. Crackit, preferring the chance of being shot by his friend, to the certainty of being taken by his enemies, fairly turned tail, and darted off at full speed.
Sikes clenched his teeth; took one look around; threw over the prostrate form of Oliver, the cape in which he had been hurriedly muffled; ran along the front of the hedge, as if to distract the attention of those behind, from the spot where the boy lay; paused, for a second, before another hedge which met it at right angles; and whirling his pistol high into the air, cleared it at a bound, and was gone.
hurriedly - en toute hâte, a la hâte, a la sauvette, a la va-vite
muffled - étouffé, assourdir
"Ho, ho, there!" cried a tremulous voice in the rear. "Pincher! Neptune! Come here, come here!"
Pincher - pince
Neptune - neptune
The dogs, who, in common with their masters, seemed to have no particular relish for the sport in which they were engaged, readily answered to the command. Three men, who had by this time advanced some distance into the field, stopped to take counsel together.
"My advice, or, leastways, I should say, my orders, is," said the fattest man of the party, "that we 'mediately go home again."
leastways - au moins
mediately - médiatement
"I am agreeable to anything which is agreeable to Mr. Giles," said a shorter man; who was by no means of a slim figure, and who was very pale in the face, and very polite: as frightened men frequently are.
slim - mince, svelte, maigrir, mincir
"I shouldn't wish to appear ill-mannered, gentlemen," said the third, who had called the dogs back, "Mr. Giles ought to know."
mannered - maniéré
"Certainly," replied the shorter man; "and whatever Mr. Giles says, it isn't our place to contradict him. No, no, I know my sitiwation! Thank my stars, I know my sitiwation." To tell the truth, the little man did seem to know his situation, and to know perfectly well that it was by no means a desirable one; for his teeth chattered in his head as he spoke.
contradict - contredire
"You are afraid, Brittles," said Mr. Giles.
Brittles - brittles, fragile, cassant, croquant
"I an't," said Brittles.
"You are," said Giles.
"You're a falsehood, Mr. Giles," said Brittles.
"You're a lie, Brittles," said Mr. Giles.
Now, these four retorts arose from Mr. Giles's taunt; and Mr. Giles's taunt had arisen from his indignation at having the responsibility of going home again, imposed upon himself under cover of a compliment. The third man brought the dispute to a close, most philosophically.
retorts - des répliques, rétorquer
taunt - taunt, accabler de sarcasmes
arisen from - Naitre de
philosophically - sur le plan philosophique, philosophiquement
"I'll tell you what it is, gentlemen," said he, "we're all afraid."
"Speak for yourself, sir," said Mr. Giles, who was the palest of the party.
"So I do," replied the man. "It's natural and proper to be afraid, under such circumstances. I am."
"So am I," said Brittles; "only there's no call to tell a man he is, so bounceably."
bounceably - de maniere rebondissante
These frank admissions softened Mr. Giles, who at once owned that he was afraid; upon which, they all three faced about, and ran back again with the completest unanimity, until Mr. Giles (who had the shortest wind of the party, as was encumbered with a pitchfork) most handsomely insisted on stopping, to make an apology for his hastiness of speech.
frank - franche, franc
unanimity - l'unanimité, unanimité
handsomely - avec brio
hastiness - la précipitation
"But it's wonderful," said Mr. Giles, when he had explained, "what a man will do, when his blood is up. I should have committed murder"I know I should"if we'd caught one of them rascals."
rascals - des vauriens, racaille, canaille, coquin, crapule, filou
As the other two were impressed with a similar presentiment; and as their blood, like his, had all gone down again; some speculation ensued upon the cause of this sudden change in their temperament.
"I know what it was," said Mr. Giles; "it was the gate."
"I shouldn't wonder if it was," exclaimed Brittles, catching at the idea.
"You may depend upon it," said Giles, "that that gate stopped the flow of the excitement. I felt all mine suddenly going away, as I was climbing over it."
By a remarkable coincidence, the other two had been visited with the same unpleasant sensation at that precise moment. It was quite obvious, therefore, that it was the gate; especially as there was no doubt regarding the time at which the change had taken place, because all three remembered that they had come in sight of the robbers at the instant of its occurance.
This dialogue was held between the two men who had surprised the burglars, and a travelling tinker who had been sleeping in an outhouse, and who had been roused, together with his two mongrel curs, to join in the pursuit. Mr.
burglars - des cambrioleurs, cambrioleur, cambrioleuse
tinker - bricoler, bidouiller, magouiller, traficoter
mongrel - bâtard, corniaud, métis, métisse
Giles acted in the double capacity of butler and steward to the old lady of the mansion; Brittles was a lad of all-work: who, having entered her service a mere child, was treated as a promising young boy still, though he was something past thirty.
butler - sommelier, majordome
steward - steward, intendant
mansion - manoir, demeure
Encouraging each other with such converse as this; but, keeping very close together, notwithstanding, and looking apprehensively round, whenever a fresh gust rattled through the boughs; the three men hurried back to a tree, behind which they had left their lantern, lest its light should inform the thieves in what direction to fire.
boughs - rameaux, branche
Catching up the light, they made the best of their way home, at a good round trot; and long after their dusky forms had ceased to be discernible, the light might have been seen twinkling and dancing in the distance, like some exhalation of the damp and gloomy atmosphere through which it was swiftly borne.
The air grew colder, as day came slowly on; and the mist rolled along the ground like a dense cloud of smoke. The grass was wet; the pathways, and low places, were all mire and water; the damp breath of an unwholesome wind went languidly by, with a hollow moaning. Still, Oliver lay motionless and insensible on the spot where Sikes had left him.
unwholesome - malsain
moaning - gémissements, gémissement, se plaindre, geindre, gémir, mugir
Morning drew on apace. The air become more sharp and piercing, as its first dull hue"the death of night, rather than the birth of day"glimmered faintly in the sky. The objects which had looked dim and terrible in the darkness, grew more and more defined, and gradually resolved into their familiar shapes. The rain came down, thick and fast, and pattered noisily among the leafless bushes.
apace - a un rythme soutenu, rapidement
glimmered - miroité, lueur, émettre une lueur
pattered - patinés, crépiter
noisily - bruyamment
But, Oliver felt it not, as it beat against him; for he still lay stretched, helpless and unconscious, on his bed of clay.
At length, a low cry of pain broke the stillness that prevailed; and uttering it, the boy awoke. His left arm, rudely bandaged in a shawl, hung heavy and useless at his side; the bandage was saturated with blood. He was so weak, that he could scarcely raise himself into a sitting posture; when he had done so, he looked feebly round for help, and groaned with pain.
bandaged - bandé, bandage, pansement, panser
saturated - saturé, saturer
groaned - gémi, râle, râlement, gémissement, grognement, grondement
Trembling in every joint, from cold and exhaustion, he made an effort to stand upright; but, shuddering from head to foot, fell prostrate on the ground.
After a short return of the stupor in which he had been so long plunged, Oliver: urged by a creeping sickness at his heart, which seemed to warn him that if he lay there, he must surely die: got upon his feet, and essayed to walk. His head was dizzy, and he staggered to and fro like a drunken man.
dizzy - des vertiges, pris de vertige
But he kept up, nevertheless, and, with his head drooping languidly on his breast, went stumbling onward, he knew not whither.
drooping - en train de tomber, tomber, s'affaisser, bec
And now, hosts of bewildering and confused ideas came crowding on his mind. He seemed to be still walking between Sikes and Crackit, who were angrily disputing"for the very words they said, sounded in his ears; and when he caught his own attention, as it were, by making some violent effort to save himself from falling, he found that he was talking to them.
Then, he was alone with Sikes, plodding on as on the previous day; and as shadowy people passed them, he felt the robber's grasp upon his wrist. Suddenly, he started back at the report of firearms; there rose into the air, loud cries and shouts; lights gleamed before his eyes; all was noise and tumult, as some unseen hand bore him hurriedly away.
plodding - en se creusant la tete, (plod) en se creusant la tete
Through all these rapid visions, there ran an undefined, uneasy consciousness of pain, which wearied and tormented him incessantly.
undefined - indéfini
tormented - tourmenté, tourment, tourmenter
incessantly - sans cesse
Thus he staggered on, creeping, almost mechanically, between the bars of gates, or through hedge-gaps as they came in his way, until he reached a road. Here the rain began to fall so heavily, that it roused him.
He looked about, and saw that at no great distance there was a house, which perhaps he could reach. Pitying his condition, they might have compassion on him; and if they did not, it would be better, he thought, to die near human beings, than in the lonely open fields. He summoned up all his strength for one last trial, and bent his faltering steps towards it.
beings - etres, etre, créature, existence
As he drew nearer to this house, a feeling come over him that he had seen it before. He remembered nothing of its details; but the shape and aspect of the building seemed familiar to him.
That garden wall! On the grass inside, he had fallen on his knees last night, and prayed the two men's mercy. It was the very house they had attempted to rob.
Oliver felt such fear come over him when he recognised the place, that, for the instant, he forgot the agony of his wound, and thought only of flight. Flight! He could scarcely stand: and if he were in full possession of all the best powers of his slight and youthful frame, whither could he fly? He pushed against the garden-gate; it was unlocked, and swung open on its hinges.
full possession - pleine possession
He tottered across the lawn; climbed the steps; knocked faintly at the door; and, his whole strength failing him, sunk down against one of the pillars of the little portico.
sunk down - coulé
pillars - piliers, pilier, pile
portico - portique
It happened that about this time, Mr. Giles, Brittles, and the tinker, were recruiting themselves, after the fatigues and terrors of the night, with tea and sundries, in the kitchen. Not that it was Mr.
fatigues - le treillis, fatigue, épuisement, corvée, fatiguer
Giles's habit to admit to too great familiarity the humbler servants: towards whom it was rather his wont to deport himself with a lofty affability, which, while it gratified, could not fail to remind them of his superior position in society. But, death, fires, and burglary, make all men equals; so Mr.
familiarity - familiarité
deport - expulser, déporter
affability - l'affabilité, affabilité, liant
Giles sat with his legs stretched out before the kitchen fender, leaning his left arm on the table, while, with his right, he illustrated a circumstantial and minute account of the robbery, to which his bearers (but especially the cook and housemaid, who were of the party) listened with breathless interest.
housemaid - femme de ménage
"It was about half-past two," said Mr. Giles, "or I wouldn't swear that it mightn't have been a little nearer three, when I woke up, and, turning round in my bed, as it might be so, (here Mr. Giles turned round in his chair, and pulled the corner of the table-cloth over him to imitate bed-clothes,) I fancied I heerd a noise."
imitate - imiter
At this point of the narrative the cook turned pale, and asked the housemaid to shut the door: who asked Brittles, who asked the tinker, who pretended not to hear.
""Heerd a noise," continued Mr. Giles. "I says, at first, This is illusion'; and was composing myself off to sleep, when I heerd the noise again, distinct."
"What sort of a noise?" asked the cook.
"A kind of a busting noise," replied Mr. Giles, looking round him.
busting - l'éclatement, poitrine
"More like the noise of powdering a iron bar on a nutmeg-grater," suggested Brittles.
nutmeg - muscadier, noix de muscade, noix muscade, petit pont, muscader
grater - râpe
"It was, when you heerd it, sir," rejoined Mr. Giles; "but, at this time, it had a busting sound. I turned down the clothes"; continued Giles, rolling back the table-cloth, "sat up in bed; and listened."
The cook and housemaid simultaneously ejaculated "Lor!" and drew their chairs closer together.
"I heerd it now, quite apparent," resumed Mr. Giles. "Somebody,'I says, is forcing of a door, or window; what's to be done? I'll call up that poor lad, Brittles, and save him from being murdered in his bed; or his throat,'I says, may be cut from his right ear to his left, without his ever knowing it.'"
Here, all eyes were turned upon Brittles, who fixed his upon the speaker, and stared at him, with his mouth wide open, and his face expressive of the most unmitigated horror.
unmitigated - non atténué
"I tossed off the clothes," said Giles, throwing away the table-cloth, and looking very hard at the cook and housemaid, "got softly out of bed; drew on a pair of""
"Ladies present, Mr. Giles," murmured the tinker.
""Of shoes, sir," said Giles, turning upon him, and laying great emphasis on the word; "seized the loaded pistol that always goes upstairs with the plate-basket; and walked on tiptoes to his room. Brittles,'I says, when I had woke him, don't be frightened!'"
Tiptoes - sur la pointe des pieds, pointe des piedieds
"So you did," observed Brittles, in a low voice.
"We're dead men, I think, Brittles,'I says," continued Giles; "but don't be frightened.'"
"Was he frightened?" asked the cook.
"Not a bit of it," replied Mr. Giles. "He was as firm"ah! pretty near as firm as I was."
"I should have died at once, I'm sure, if it had been me," observed the housemaid.
"You're a woman," retorted Brittles, plucking up a little.
plucking - plumer, tirer, pincer, voler, abats-p, persévérance
"Brittles is right," said Mr. Giles, nodding his head, approvingly; "from a woman, nothing else was to be expected. We, being men, took a dark lantern that was standing on Brittle's hob, and groped our way downstairs in the pitch dark,"as it might be so."
brittle - fragile, cassant, croquant
pitch dark - la nuit noire
Mr. Giles had risen from his seat, and taken two steps with his eyes shut, to accompany his description with appropriate action, when he started violently, in common with the rest of the company, and hurried back to his chair. The cook and housemaid screamed.
"It was a knock," said Mr. Giles, assuming perfect serenity. "Open the door, somebody."
serenity - la sérénité, sérénité
"It seems a strange sort of a thing, a knock coming at such a time in the morning," said Mr. Giles, surveying the pale faces which surrounded him, and looking very blank himself; "but the door must be opened. Do you hear, somebody?"
Mr. Giles, as he spoke, looked at Brittles; but that young man, being naturally modest, probably considered himself nobody, and so held that the inquiry could not have any application to him; at all events, he tendered no reply. Mr. Giles directed an appealing glance at the tinker; but he had suddenly fallen asleep. The women were out of the question.
"If Brittles would rather open the door, in the presence of witnesses," said Mr. Giles, after a short silence, "I am ready to make one."
"So am I," said the tinker, waking up, as suddenly as he had fallen asleep.
Brittles capitulated on these terms; and the party being somewhat re-assured by the discovery (made on throwing open the shutters) that it was now broad day, took their way upstairs; with the dogs in front. The two women, who were afraid to stay below, brought up the rear. By the advice of Mr.
capitulated - capitulé, capituler, rendre
Giles, they all talked very loud, to warn any evil-disposed person outside, that they were strong in numbers; and by a master-stoke of policy, originating in the brain of the same ingenious gentleman, the dogs'tails were well pinched, in the hall, to make them bark savagely.
Stoke - stoke, chauffer
pinched - pincé, pincer, chiper, pincement, pincée
These precautions having been taken, Mr. Giles held on fast by the tinker's arm (to prevent his running away, as he pleasantly said), and gave the word of command to open the door.
precautions - des précautions, précaution
pleasantly - agréablement
Brittles obeyed; the group, peeping timorously over each other's shoulders, beheld no more formidable object than poor little Oliver Twist, speechless and exhausted, who raised his heavy eyes, and mutely solicited their compassion.
formidable - formidable
speechless - sans voix
"A boy!" exclaimed Mr. Giles, valiantly, pushing the tinker into the background. "What's the matter with the"eh?"Why"Brittles"look here"don't you know?"
valiantly - vaillamment
Brittles, who had got behind the door to open it, no sooner saw Oliver, than he uttered a loud cry. Mr. Giles, seizing the boy by one leg and one arm (fortunately not the broken limb) lugged him straight into the hall, and deposited him at full length on the floor thereof.
"Here he is!" bawled Giles, calling in a state of great excitement, up the staircase; "here's one of the thieves, ma'am! Here's a thief, miss! Wounded, miss! I shot him, miss; and Brittles held the light."
bawled - braillé, hurler
""In a lantern, miss," cried Brittles, applying one hand to the side of his mouth, so that his voice might travel the better.
The two women-servants ran upstairs to carry the intelligence that Mr. Giles had captured a robber; and the tinker busied himself in endeavouring to restore Oliver, lest he should die before he could be hanged. In the midst of all this noise and commotion, there was heard a sweet female voice, which quelled it in an instant.
quelled - étouffée, réprimer
"Giles!" whispered the voice from the stair-head.
"I'm here, miss," replied Mr. Giles. "Don't be frightened, miss; I ain't much injured. He didn't make a very desperate resistance, miss! I was soon too many for him."
"Hush!" replied the young lady; "you frighten my aunt as much as the thieves did. Is the poor creature much hurt?"
"Wounded desperate, miss," replied Giles, with indescribable complacency.
"He looks as if he was a-going, miss," bawled Brittles, in the same manner as before. "Wouldn't you like to come and look at him, miss, in case he should?"
"Hush, pray; there's a good man!" rejoined the lady. "Wait quietly only one instant, while I speak to aunt."
With a footstep as soft and gentle as the voice, the speaker tripped away. She soon returned, with the direction that the wounded person was to be carried, carefully, upstairs to Mr. Giles's room; and that Brittles was to saddle the pony and betake himself instantly to Chertsey: from which place, he was to despatch, with all speed, a constable and doctor.
footstep - empreinte, trace de pas, pas, bruit de pas, marche, enjambée
saddle - selle, ensellement
pony - poney
betake - prendre
despatch - expédition
constable - gendarme, constable, connétable
"But won't you take one look at him, first, miss?" asked Mr. Giles, with as much pride as if Oliver were some bird of rare plumage, that he had skilfully brought down. "Not one little peep, miss?"
plumage - plumage, plume (pars pro toto), plumée, pennage
skilfully - habilement
"Not now, for the world," replied the young lady. "Poor fellow! Oh! treat him kindly, Giles for my sake!"
The old servant looked up at the speaker, as she turned away, with a glance as proud and admiring as if she had been his own child. Then, bending over Oliver, he helped to carry him upstairs, with the care and solicitude of a woman.
introductory - d'introduction
In a handsome room: though its furniture had rather the air of old-fashioned comfort, than of modern elegance: there sat two ladies at a well-spread breakfast-table. Mr. Giles, dressed with scrupulous care in a full suit of black, was in attendance upon them.
elegance - l'élégance, élégance, grâce, finesse
scrupulous - scrupuleux
He had taken his station some half-way between the side-board and the breakfast-table; and, with his body drawn up to its full height, his head thrown back, and inclined the merest trifle on one side, his left leg advanced, and his right hand thrust into his waist-coat, while his left hung down by his side, grasping a waiter, looked like one who laboured under a very agreeable sense of his own merits and importance.
Of the two ladies, one was well advanced in years; but the high-backed oaken chair in which she sat, was not more upright than she.
Dressed with the utmost nicety and precision, in a quaint mixture of by-gone costume, with some slight concessions to the prevailing taste, which rather served to point the old style pleasantly than to impair its effect, she sat, in a stately manner, with her hands folded on the table before her.
quaint - pittoresque, singulier, intéressant, curieux
prevailing taste - le gout dominant
impair - de l'affaiblissement des capacités, détériorer, abîmer
Her eyes (and age had dimmed but little of their brightness) were attentively upon her young companion.
attentively - attentivement
The younger lady was in the lovely bloom and spring-time of womanhood; at that age, when, if ever angels be for God's good purposes enthroned in mortal forms, they may be, without impiety, supposed to abide in such as hers.
womanhood - la féminité, féminité
enthroned - intronisé, introniser
Impiety - impiété
abide - se maintenir, endurer, tolérer, supporter, souffrir, rester
She was not past seventeen. Cast in so slight and exquisite a mould; so mild and gentle; so pure and beautiful; that earth seemed not her element, nor its rough creatures her fit companions.
exquisite - exquis
mould - moule, modeler
The very intelligence that shone in her deep blue eye, and was stamped upon her noble head, seemed scarcely of her age, or of the world; and yet the changing expression of sweetness and good humour, the thousand lights that played about the face, and left no shadow there; above all, the smile, the cheerful, happy smile, were made for Home, and fireside peace and happiness.
She was busily engaged in the little offices of the table. Chancing to raise her eyes as the elder lady was regarding her, she playfully put back her hair, which was simply braided on her forehead; and threw into her beaming look, such an expression of affection and artless loveliness, that blessed spirits might have smiled to look upon her.
braided - tressé, tresser
artless - sans art
loveliness - la beauté, beauté, charme
"And Brittles has been gone upwards of an hour, has he?" asked the old lady, after a pause.
"An hour and twelve minutes, ma'am," replied Mr. Giles, referring to a silver watch, which he drew forth by a black ribbon.
ribbon - ruban
"He is always slow," remarked the old lady.
"Brittles always was a slow boy, ma'am," replied the attendant. And seeing, by the bye, that Brittles had been a slow boy for upwards of thirty years, there appeared no great probability of his ever being a fast one.
"He gets worse instead of better, I think," said the elder lady.
"It is very inexcusable in him if he stops to play with any other boys," said the young lady, smiling.
inexcusable - inexcusable
Mr. Giles was apparently considering the propriety of indulging in a respectful smile himself, when a gig drove up to the garden-gate: out of which there jumped a fat gentleman, who ran straight up to the door: and who, getting quickly into the house by some mysterious process, burst into the room, and nearly overturned Mr. Giles and the breakfast-table together.
"I never heard of such a thing!" exclaimed the fat gentleman. "My dear Mrs. Maylie"bless my soul"in the silence of the night, too"I never heard of such a thing!"
With these expressions of condolence, the fat gentleman shook hands with both ladies, and drawing up a chair, inquired how they found themselves.
condolence - réconfort, condoléances
"You ought to be dead; positively dead with the fright," said the fat gentleman. "Why didn't you send? Bless me, my man should have come in a minute; and so would I; and my assistant would have been delighted; or anybody, I'm sure, under such circumstances. Dear, dear! So unexpected! In the silence of the night, too!"
The doctor seemed especially troubled by the fact of the robbery having been unexpected, and attempted in the night-time; as if it were the established custom of gentlemen in the housebreaking way to transact business at noon, and to make an appointment, by post, a day or two previous.
transact - transiger, traiter
"And you, Miss Rose," said the doctor, turning to the young lady, "I""
"Oh! very much so, indeed," said Rose, interrupting him; "but there is a poor creature upstairs, whom aunt wishes you to see."
"Ah! to be sure," replied the doctor, "so there is. That was your handiwork, Giles, I understand."
handiwork - travail manuel, travail, ouvrage
Mr. Giles, who had been feverishly putting the tea-cups to rights, blushed very red, and said that he had had that honour.
blushed - rougi, rougeur
"Honour, eh?" said the doctor; "well, I don't know; perhaps it's as honourable to hit a thief in a back kitchen, as to hit your man at twelve paces. Fancy that he fired in the air, and you've fought a duel, Giles."
honourable - honorable
duel - duel, croiser le fer
Mr. Giles, who thought this light treatment of the matter an unjust attempt at diminishing his glory, answered respectfully, that it was not for the like of him to judge about that; but he rather thought it was no joke to the opposite party.
unjust - injuste
opposite party - le parti opposé
"Gad, That's true!" said the doctor. "Where is he? Show me the way. I'll look in again, as I come down, Mrs. Maylie. That's the little window that he got in at, eh? Well, I couldn't have believed it!"
Gad - gad, vadrouiller
That's true - C'est vrai
Talking all the way, he followed Mr. Giles upstairs; and while he is going upstairs, the reader may be informed, that Mr.
Losberne, a surgeon in the neighbourhood, known through a circuit of ten miles round as "the doctor," had grown fat, more from good-humour than from good living: and was as kind and hearty, and withal as eccentric an old bachelor, as will be found in five times that space, by any explorer alive.
eccentric - excentrique
explorer - explorateur, exploratrice, sonde
The doctor was absent, much longer than either he or the ladies had anticipated. A large flat box was fetched out of the gig; and a bedroom bell was rung very often; and the servants ran up and down stairs perpetually; from which tokens it was justly concluded that something important was going on above.
justly - a juste titre, justement
At length he returned; and in reply to an anxious inquiry after his patient; looked very mysterious, and closed the door, carefully.
"This is a very extraordinary thing, Mrs. Maylie," said the doctor, standing with his back to the door, as if to keep it shut.
"He is not in danger, I hope?" said the old lady.
"Why, that would not be an extraordinary thing, under the circumstances," replied the doctor; "though I don't think he is. Have you seen the thief?"
"No," rejoined the old lady.
"Nor heard anything about him?"
"I beg your pardon, ma'am," interposed Mr. Giles; "but I was going to tell you about him when Doctor Losberne came in."
The fact was, that Mr. Giles had not, at first, been able to bring his mind to the avowal, that he had only shot a boy. Such commendations had been bestowed upon his bravery, that he could not, for the life of him, help postponing the explanation for a few delicious minutes; during which he had flourished, in the very zenith of a brief reputation for undaunted courage.
bravery - la bravoure, courage
zenith - zénith
undaunted - sans se décourager
"Rose wished to see the man," said Mrs. Maylie, "but I wouldn't hear of it."
"Humph!" rejoined the doctor. "There is nothing very alarming in his appearance. Have you any objection to see him in my presence?"
"If it be necessary," replied the old lady, "certainly not."
"Then I think it is necessary," said the doctor; "at all events, I am quite sure that you would deeply regret not having done so, if you postponed it. He is perfectly quiet and comfortable now. Allow me"Miss Rose, will you permit me? Not the slightest fear, I pledge you my honour!"
With many loquacious assurances that they would be agreeably surprised in the aspect of the criminal, the doctor drew the young lady's arm through one of his; and offering his disengaged hand to Mrs. Maylie, led them, with much ceremony and stateliness, upstairs.
loquacious - loquace
"Now," said the doctor, in a whisper, as he softly turned the handle of a bedroom-door, "let us hear what you think of him. He has not been shaved very recently, but he don't look at all ferocious notwithstanding. Stop, though! Let me first see that he is in visiting order."
Stepping before them, he looked into the room. Motioning them to advance, he closed the door when they had entered; and gently drew back the curtains of the bed. Upon it, in lieu of the dogged, black-visaged ruffian they had expected to behold, there lay a mere child: worn with pain and exhaustion, and sunk into a deep sleep.
visaged - visagé
His wounded arm, bound and splintered up, was crossed upon his breast; his head reclined upon the other arm, which was half hidden by his long hair, as it streamed over the pillow.
The honest gentleman held the curtain in his hand, and looked on, for a minute or so, in silence. Whilst he was watching the patient thus, the younger lady glided softly past, and seating herself in a chair by the bedside, gathered Oliver's hair from his face. As she stooped over him, her tears fell upon his forehead.
The boy stirred, and smiled in his sleep, as though these marks of pity and compassion had awakened some pleasant dream of a love and affection he had never known.
Thus, a strain of gentle music, or the rippling of water in a silent place, or the odour of a flower, or the mention of a familiar word, will sometimes call up sudden dim remembrances of scenes that never were, in this life; which vanish like a breath; which some brief memory of a happier existence, long gone by, would seem to have awakened; which no voluntary exertion of the mind can ever recall.
rippling - ondulation, (ripple) ondulation
odour - odeur
"What can this mean?" exclaimed the elder lady. "This poor child can never have been the pupil of robbers!"
"Vice," said the surgeon, replacing the curtain, "takes up her abode in many temples; and who can say that a fair outside shall not enshrine her?"
enshrine - consacrer, enchâsser
"But at so early an age!" urged Rose.
"My dear young lady," rejoined the surgeon, mournfully shaking his head; "crime, like death, is not confined to the old and withered alone. The youngest and fairest are too often its chosen victims."
"But, can you"oh! can you really believe that this delicate boy has been the voluntary associate of the worst outcasts of society?" said Rose.
The surgeon shook his head, in a manner which intimated that he feared it was very possible; and observing that they might disturb the patient, led the way into an adjoining apartment.
"But even if he has been wicked," pursued Rose, "think how young he is; think that he may never have known a mother's love, or the comfort of a home; that ill-usage and blows, or the want of bread, may have driven him to herd with men who have forced him to guilt.
wicked - méchante, chicaneur, torve, (wick) méchante
herd - troupeau
Aunt, dear aunt, for mercy's sake, think of this, before you let them drag this sick child to a prison, which in any case must be the grave of all his chances of amendment. Oh!
as you love me, and know that I have never felt the want of parents in your goodness and affection, but that I might have done so, and might have been equally helpless and unprotected with this poor child, have pity upon him before it is too late!"
"My dear love," said the elder lady, as she folded the weeping girl to her bosom, "do you think I would harm a hair of his head?"
"Oh, no!" replied Rose, eagerly.
"No, surely," said the old lady; "my days are drawing to their close: and may mercy be shown to me as I show it to others! What can I do to save him, sir?"
"Let me think, ma'am," said the doctor; "let me think."
Mr. Losberne thrust his hands into his pockets, and took several turns up and down the room; often stopping, and balancing himself on his toes, and frowning frightfully. After various exclamations of "I've got it now" and "no, I haven't," and as many renewals of the walking and frowning, he at length made a dead halt, and spoke as follows:
I've got it - Je l'ai
renewals - les renouvellements, renouvellement, renouvelement
"I think if you give me a full and unlimited commission to bully Giles, and that little boy, Brittles, I can manage it. Giles is a faithful fellow and an old servant, I know; but you can make it up to him in a thousand ways, and reward him for being such a good shot besides. You don't object to that?"
Bully - bully, brimeur, brute, tyran, intimider, tourmenter
"Unless there is some other way of preserving the child," replied Mrs. Maylie.
"There is no other," said the doctor. "No other, take my word for it."
"Then my aunt invests you with full power," said Rose, smiling through her tears; "but pray don't be harder upon the poor fellows than is indispensably necessary."
"You seem to think," retorted the doctor, "that everybody is disposed to be hard-hearted to-day, except yourself, Miss Rose.
I only hope, for the sake of the rising male sex generally, that you may be found in as vulnerable and soft-hearted a mood by the first eligible young fellow who appeals to your compassion; and I wish I were a young fellow, that I might avail myself, on the spot, of such a favourable opportunity for doing so, as the present."
"You are as great a boy as poor Brittles himself," returned Rose, blushing.
"Well," said the doctor, laughing heartily, "that is no very difficult matter. But to return to this boy. The great point of our agreement is yet to come. He will wake in an hour or so, I dare say; and although I have told that thick-headed constable-fellow downstairs that he musn't be moved or spoken to, on peril of his life, I think we may converse with him without danger.
Now I make this stipulation"that I shall examine him in your presence, and that, if, from what he says, we judge, and I can show to the satisfaction of your cool reason, that he is a real and thorough bad one (which is more than possible), he shall be left to his fate, without any farther interference on my part, at all events."
stipulation - stipulation, clause
"Oh no, aunt!" entreated Rose.
"Oh yes, aunt!" said the doctor. "Is is a bargain?"
"He cannot be hardened in vice," said Rose; "It is impossible."
"Very good," retorted the doctor; "then so much the more reason for acceding to my proposition."
Finally the treaty was entered into; and the parties thereunto sat down to wait, with some impatience, until Oliver should awake.
The patience of the two ladies was destined to undergo a longer trial than Mr. Losberne had led them to expect; for hour after hour passed on, and still Oliver slumbered heavily. It was evening, indeed, before the kind-hearted doctor brought them the intelligence, that he was at length sufficiently restored to be spoken to.
slumbered - a sommeillé, somnolence, somnoler
The boy was very ill, he said, and weak from the loss of blood; but his mind was so troubled with anxiety to disclose something, that he deemed it better to give him the opportunity, than to insist upon his remaining quiet until next morning: which he should otherwise have done.
The conference was a long one. Oliver told them all his simple history, and was often compelled to stop, by pain and want of strength. It was a solemn thing, to hear, in the darkened room, the feeble voice of the sick child recounting a weary catalogue of evils and calamities which hard men had brought upon him. Oh!
darkened - assombri, obscurcir, assombrir, foncer
recounting - le récit, raconter
calamities - calamités, calamité
if when we oppress and grind our fellow-creatures, we bestowed but one thought on the dark evidences of human error, which, like dense and heavy clouds, are rising, slowly it is true, but not less surely, to Heaven, to pour their after-vengeance on our heads; if we heard but one instant, in imagination, the deep testimony of dead men's voices, which no power can stifle, and no pride shut out; where would be the injury and injustice, the suffering, misery, cruelty, and wrong, that each day's life brings with it!
oppress - opprimer, oppresser
vengeance - vengeance
stifle - étouffer
Oliver's pillow was smoothed by gentle hands that night; and loveliness and virtue watched him as he slept. He felt calm and happy, and could have died without a murmur.
murmur - murmure, rumeur, souffle, murmurer
The momentous interview was no sooner concluded, and Oliver composed to rest again, than the doctor, after wiping his eyes, and condemning them for being weak all at once, betook himself downstairs to open upon Mr. Giles. And finding nobody about the parlours, it occurred to him, that he could perhaps originate the proceedings with better effect in the kitchen; so into the kitchen he went.
momentous - important
There were assembled, in that lower house of the domestic parliament, the women-servants, Mr. Brittles, Mr. Giles, the tinker (who had received a special invitation to regale himself for the remainder of the day, in consideration of his services), and the constable.
regale - régale, régaler
The latter gentleman had a large staff, a large head, large features, and large half-boots; and he looked as if he had been taking a proportionate allowance of ale"as indeed he had.
proportionate - proportionné, proportionner
The adventures of the previous night were still under discussion; for Mr. Giles was expatiating upon his presence of mind, when the doctor entered; Mr. Brittles, with a mug of ale in his hand, was corroborating everything, before his superior said it.
expatiating - expliquer, parler longuement, appesentir sur quelque chose
corroborating - corroborer
"Sit still!" said the doctor, waving his hand.
"Thank you, sir," said Mr. Giles. "Misses wished some ale to be given out, sir; and as I felt no ways inclined for my own little room, sir, and was disposed for company, I am taking mine among 'em here."
Brittles headed a low murmur, by which the ladies and gentlemen generally were