pride - l'orgueil, orgueil, fierté
Jane - jane, Jeanne
It is a truth universally acknowledged, that a single man in possession of a good fortune, must be in want of a wife.
truth - la vérité, vérité
universally - universellement
acknowledged - reconnu, reconnaître, accuser réception, certifier
Fortune - la fortune, destin, bonne chance, fortune
However little known the feelings or views of such a man may be on his first entering a neighbourhood, this truth is so well fixed in the minds of the surrounding families, that he is considered the rightful property of some one or other of their daughters.
feelings - sentiments
neighbourhood - quartier
rightful - légitime
property - propriété, accessoire
"My Dear Mr. Bennet," said his lady to him one day, "have you heard that Netherfield Park is let at last?"
Dear Mr - Cher Monsieur
Mr. Bennet replied that he had not.
"But it is," returned she; "for Mrs. Long has just been here, and she told me all about it."
Mr. Bennet made no answer.
"Do you not want to know who has taken it?" cried his wife impatiently.
impatiently - avec impatience
"You want to tell me, and I have no objection to hearing it."
objection - objection
This was invitation enough.
"Why, my dear, you must know, Mrs. Long says that Netherfield is taken by a young man of large fortune from the north of England; that he came down on Monday in a chaise and four to see the place, and was so much delighted with it, that he agreed with Mr. Morris immediately; that he is to take possession before Michaelmas, and some of his servants are to be in the house by the end of next week."
delighted - ravie, plaisir, délice, joie, enchanter, ravir
servants - serviteurs, serviteur, domestique, servante, fr
"What is his name?"
"Is he married or single?"
"Oh! Single, my dear, to be sure! A single man of large fortune; four or five thousand a year. What a fine thing for our girls!"
"How so? How can it affect them?"
"My dear Mr. Bennet," replied his wife, "how can you be so tiresome! You must know that I am thinking of his marrying one of them."
tiresome - lassant
"Is that his design in settling here?"
settling - la décantation, sédimentation
"Design! Nonsense, how can you talk so! But it is very likely that he may fall in love with one of them, and therefore you must visit him as soon as he comes."
nonsense - des absurdités, betise, absurdité, sottise (s)
therefore - par conséquent, en conséquence, donc, pour ça
"I see no occasion for that. You and the girls may go, or you may send them by themselves, which perhaps will be still better, for as you are as handsome as any of them, Mr. Bingley may like you the best of the party."
Occasion - occasion
handsome - beau
"My dear, you flatter me. I certainly have had my share of beauty, but I do not pretend to be anything extraordinary now. When a woman has five grown-up daughters, she ought to give over thinking of her own beauty."
beauty - la beauté, beauté
pretend - prétendre, prétendre a, feindre, faire semblant
extraordinary - extraordinaire
give over - céder
"In such cases, a woman has not often much beauty to think of."
"But, my dear, you must indeed go and see Mr. Bingley when he comes into the neighbourhood."
indeed - certainement, vraiment, en effet, bien sur, certes
"It is more than I engage for, I assure you."
engage - s'engager, attirer l'attention, engager, embrayer
assure - assurer, rassurer
"But consider your daughters. Only think what an establishment it would be for one of them. Sir William and Lady Lucas are determined to go, merely on that account, for in general, you know, they visit no newcomers. Indeed you must go, for it will be impossible for us to visit him if you do not."
establishment - établissement, systeme, classe dirigeante, establishment
William - william, Guillaume
determined - déterminé, déterminer
merely - simplement, uniquement, seulement
account - compte, supputation, demande
newcomers - nouveaux arrivants, nouveau venu, nouvel arrivé, débutant
"You are over-scrupulous, surely. I dare say Mr. Bingley will be very glad to see you; and I will send a few lines by you to assure him of my hearty consent to his marrying whichever he chooses of the girls; though I must throw in a good word for my little Lizzy."
scrupulous - scrupuleux
surely - surement, surement, assurément
dare - oser, aventurer
Glad - heureux, heureuse
hearty - cordial, copieux
consent - consentir, approuver, agréer, consentement, approbation
whichever - quel qu'il soit, n'importe quel, n'importe lequel
though - mais, néanmoins, cependant, malgré, bien que
"I desire you will do no such thing. Lizzy is not a bit better than the others; and I am sure she is not half so handsome as Jane, nor half so good-humoured as Lydia. But you are always giving her the preference."
desire - désirer, désir
nor - ni, NON-OU
good-humoured - (good-humoured) de bonne humeur
preference - préférence
"They have none of them much to recommend them," replied he; "they are all silly and ignorant like other girls; but Lizzy has something more of quickness than her sisters."
silly - stupide, sot, insensé, idiot, bete
ignorant - ignorant
quickness - la rapidité, rapidité
"Mr. Bennet, how can you abuse your own children in such a way? You take delight in vexing me. You have no compassion for my poor nerves."
abuse - abus, défaut, abuser, insulter, tourmenter, abusons
take delight in - Prendre plaisir a
vexing - contrariant, vexant, (vex), ennuyer, énerver, vexer 'informal'
compassion - la compassion, compassion
nerves - des nerfs, nerf, nervure, toupet, culot, cran
"You mistake me, my dear. I have a high respect for your nerves. They are my old friends. I have heard you mention them with consideration these last twenty years at least."
respect - respect, respecter
consideration - considération, checkraison, checkmotif, checkrécompense
"Ah, you do not know what I suffer."
suffer - souffrir, souffrir de, pâtir de, endurer, supporter, subir
"But I hope you will get over it, and live to see many young men of four thousand a year come into the neighbourhood."
"It will be no use to us, if twenty such should come, since you will not visit them."
"Depend upon it, my dear, that when there are twenty, I will visit them all."
upon - sur, a
Mr. Bennet was so odd a mixture of quick parts, sarcastic humour, reserve, and caprice, that the experience of three-and-twenty years had been insufficient to make his wife understand his character. Her mind was less difficult to develop. She was a woman of mean understanding, little information, and uncertain temper. When she was discontented, she fancied herself nervous.
odd - rench: t-needed r, bizarre, étrange, impair, a peu pres
mixture - mélange, mixture
sarcastic - sarcastique
humour - l'humour, humour, humeur, disposition, amadouer
reserve - réservation, réserve, réserves, remplaçant
caprice - caprice
insufficient - insuffisante, insuffisant
uncertain - incertaine
temper - caractere, tempérament, humeur, état d'esprit, recuit
discontented - mécontents, mécontentement, frrotestation
fancied - aimée, envie, caprice
The business of her life was to get her daughters married; its solace was visiting and news.
solace - consolation, réconfort, soulager, consoler
Mr. Bennet was among the earliest of those who waited on Mr. Bingley. He had always intended to visit him, though to the last always assuring his wife that he should not go; and till the evening after the visit was paid she had no knowledge of it. It was then disclosed in the following manner. Observing his second daughter employed in trimming a hat, he suddenly addressed her with:
intended - prévu, planifié, voulu, (intend), avoir l'intention
assuring - assurer, rassurer
disclosed - divulguée, découvrir, laisser voir, révéler, divulguer
observing - l'observation, observer, remarquer, respecter, garder
trimming - le rognage, émondage, (trim), tailler, compenser, compensation
"I hope Mr. Bingley will like it, Lizzy."
"We are not in a way to know what Mr. Bingley likes," said her mother resentfully, "since we are not to visit."
resentfully - avec ressentiment
"But you forget, mamma," said Elizabeth, "that we shall meet him at the assemblies, and that Mrs. Long promised to introduce him."
mamma - mamma, maman
Elizabeth - elizabeth, Élisabeth
assemblies - assemblées, groupe, bloc, assemblage, assemblée, rassemblement
"I do not believe Mrs. Long will do any such thing. She has two nieces of her own. She is a selfish, hypocritical woman, and I have no opinion of her."
nieces - nieces, niece
Selfish - égoiste, égoiste
"No more have I," said Mr. Bennet; "and I am glad to find that you do not depend on her serving you."
Mrs. Bennet deigned not to make any reply, but, unable to contain herself, began scolding one of her daughters.
deigned - conçu, daigner, condescendre
unable - incapable, inapte, inhabile
scolding - gronder, grognant, (scold), chipie, furie, mégere
"Don't keep coughing so, Kitty, For heaven's sake! Have a little compassion on my nerves. You tear them to pieces."
coughing - toux, toussant, (cough), tousser
Kitty - kitty, minet, chaton, mimi, cagnotte
For heaven's sake - Pour l'amour du ciel
tear - déchirure, déchirer, fissure, larme, pleur
"Kitty has no discretion in her coughs," said her father; "she times them ill."
discretion - discrétion
coughs - tousse, tousser, toux
"I do not cough for my own amusement," replied Kitty fretfully. "When is your next ball to be, Lizzy?"
cough - tousser, toux
amusement - l'amusement, amusement
fretfully - avec fébrilité
morrow - lendemain, matin
fortnight - quinze jours, deux semaines, quinzaine
"Aye, so it is," cried her mother, "and Mrs. Long does not come back till the day before; so it will be impossible for her to introduce him, for she will not know him herself."
Aye - oui
"Then, my dear, you may have the advantage of your friend, and introduce Mr. Bingley to her."
"Impossible, Mr. Bennet, impossible, when I am not acquainted with him myself; how can you be so teasing?"
teasing - taquineries, (teas) taquineries
"I honour your circumspection. A fortnight's acquaintance is certainly very little. One cannot know what a man really is by the end of a fortnight. But if we do not venture somebody else will; and after all, Mrs. Long and her nieces must stand their chance; and, therefore, as she will think it an act of kindness, if you decline the office, I will take it on myself."
honour - l'honneur, honorer
circumspection - circonspection
acquaintance - une connaissance, relation
Venture - venture, s'aventurer, risquer, oser
kindness - la gentillesse, bonté
decline - déclin
The girls stared at their father. Mrs. Bennet said only, "Nonsense, nonsense!"
"What can be the meaning of that emphatic exclamation?" cried he. "Do you consider the forms of introduction, and the stress that is laid on them, as nonsense? I cannot quite agree with you there. What say you, Mary? For you are a young lady of deep reflection, I know, and read great books and make extracts."
emphatic - emphatique
exclamation - exclamation
laid on - posée
Mary - marie
reflection - réflexion, reflet, eaning 4
extracts - extraits, extrait, extraire
Mary wished to say something sensible, but knew not how.
sensible - sensible, sensé, raisonnable
"While Mary is adjusting her ideas," he continued, "let us return to Mr. Bingley."
adjusting - l'adaptation, ajuster
"I am sick of Mr. Bingley," cried his wife.
"I am sorry to hear that; but why did not you tell me that before? If I had known as much this morning I certainly would not have called on him. It is very unlucky; but as I have actually paid the visit, we cannot escape the acquaintance now."
unlucky - malchanceux, poissard
escape - échapper, s'échapper, éviter, échapper (a quelqu'un), évasion
The astonishment of the ladies was just what he wished; that of Mrs. Bennet perhaps surpassing the rest; though, when the first tumult of joy was over, she began to declare that it was what she had expected all the while.
astonishment - l'étonnement, étonnement
surpassing - surpassant, surpasser, dépasser, excéder
tumult - tumultes, barouf, baroufe, bagarre
joy - joie
declare - expliquer, déclarer
"How good it was in you, my dear Mr. Bennet! But I knew I should persuade you at last. I was sure you loved your girls too well to neglect such an acquaintance. Well, how pleased I am! and it is such a good joke, too, that you should have gone this morning and never said a word about it till now."
persuade - persuader
neglect - négliger, négligence
till now - jusqu'a maintenant
"Now, Kitty, you may cough as much as you choose," said Mr. Bennet; and, as he spoke, he left the room, fatigued with the raptures of his wife.
fatigued - fatigué, fatigue, épuisement, corvée, fatiguer
raptures - les ravissements, ravissement, enlevement
"What an excellent father you have, girls!" said she, when the door was shut. "I do not know how you will ever make him amends for his kindness; or me, either, for that matter. At our time of life it is not so pleasant, I can tell you, to be making new acquaintances every day; but for your sakes, we would do anything. Lydia, my love, though you are the youngest, I dare say Mr.
amends - des réparations, amender
pleasant - agréable, plaisant
acquaintances - des connaissances, relation, qualifier
sakes - sakes, dans l'intéret de qqn
Bingley will dance with you at the next ball."
"Oh!" said Lydia stoutly, "I am not afraid; for though I am the youngest, I'm the tallest."
stoutly - avec acharnement
The rest of the evening was spent in conjecturing how soon he would return Mr. Bennet's visit, and determining when they should ask him to dinner.
conjecturing - des conjectures, conjecture, conjecturer
determining - déterminant, déterminer
Not all that Mrs. Bennet, however, with the assistance of her five daughters, could ask on the subject, was sufficient to draw from her husband any satisfactory description of Mr. Bingley.
assistance - l'assistance, assistance
sufficient - suffisante, suffisant
satisfactory - satisfaisante, satisfaisant
They attacked him in various ways-with barefaced questions, ingenious suppositions, and distant surmises; but he eluded the skill of them all, and they were at last obliged to accept the second-hand intelligence of their neighbour, Lady Lucas. Her report was highly favourable. Sir William had been delighted with him.
various - divers
barefaced - a visage découvert
ingenious - ingénieux
suppositions - des suppositions, hypothese, supposition, conjecture
distant - distante, distant, lointain, éloigné
surmises - des suppositions, présumer, supposer, suspecter
eluded - éludé, éluder
obliged - obligée, imposer, obliger, rendre service
second-hand - (second-hand) de seconde main
intelligence - l'intelligence, intelligence, renseignements
highly - hautement, extremement
favourable - favorable
He was quite young, wonderfully handsome, extremely agreeable, and, to crown the whole, he meant to be at the next assembly with a large party. Nothing could be more delightful! To be fond of dancing was a certain step towards falling in love; and very lively hopes of Mr. Bingley's heart were entertained.
wonderfully - a merveille
agreeable - agréable, complaisant
crown - couronne, couronner
assembly - l'assemblée, groupe, bloc, assemblage, assemblée
more delightful - plus délicieux
be fond of - avoir de l'affection pour
fond of dancing - aimer danser
lively - fringant, spirituel
entertained - divertis, divertir, recevoir
"If I can but see one of my daughters happily settled at Netherfield," said Mrs. Bennet to her husband, "and all the others equally well married, I shall have nothing to wish for."
settled - réglée, (s')installer
equally - également
In a few days Mr. Bingley returned Mr. Bennet's visit, and sat about ten minutes with him in his library. He had entertained hopes of being admitted to a sight of the young ladies, of whose beauty he had heard much; but he saw only the father. The ladies were somewhat more fortunate, for they had the advantage of ascertaining from an upper window that he wore a blue coat, and rode a black horse.
admitted - admis, admettre, avouer, reconnaître
sight - vue, quelque chose a voir, truc a voir, mire, viseur
somewhat - en quelque sorte, assez, quelque peu
ascertaining - vérifier, constater, définir
black horse - cheval noir
An invitation to dinner was soon afterwards dispatched; and already had Mrs. Bennet planned the courses that were to do credit to her housekeeping, when an answer arrived which deferred it all. Mr. Bingley was obliged to be in town the following day, and, consequently, unable to accept the honour of their invitation, etc. Mrs. Bennet was quite disconcerted.
dispatched - expédié, dépeche
housekeeping - l'entretien ménager, ménage, (housekeep) l'entretien ménager
deferred - différé, différer
consequently - en conséquence
etc - etc
disconcerted - déconcerté, déconcerter, fr
She could not imagine what business he could have in town so soon after his arrival in Hertfordshire; and she began to fear that he might be always flying about from one place to another, and never settled at Netherfield as he ought to be.
arrival - arrivée, arrivant, arrivante
Lady Lucas quieted her fears a little by starting the idea of his being gone to London only to get a large party for the ball; and a report soon followed that Mr. Bingley was to bring twelve ladies and seven gentlemen with him to the assembly.
gentlemen - messieurs, gentilhomme, monsieur, messieurs-p
The girls grieved over such a number of ladies, but were comforted the day before the ball by hearing, that instead of twelve he brought only six with him from London-his five sisters and a cousin. And when the party entered the assembly room it consisted of only five altogether-Mr. Bingley, his two sisters, the husband of the eldest, and another young man.
grieved - en deuil, avoir du chagrin
comforted - réconforté, confort, consoler
assembly room - Salle de réunion
consisted - consisté, consister (en)
altogether - tout a fait, completement, en meme temps, quoi qu'il en soit
Mr. Bingley was good-looking and gentlemanlike; he had a pleasant countenance, and easy, unaffected manners. His sisters were fine women, with an air of decided fashion. His brother-in-law, Mr. Hurst, merely looked the gentleman; but his friend Mr.
countenance - visage, approuver
unaffected - non affectée, indifférent (a)
gentleman - gentilhomme, monsieur, messieurs
Darcy soon drew the attention of the room by his fine, tall person, handsome features, noble mien, and the report which was in general circulation within five minutes after his entrance, of his having ten thousand a year. The gentlemen pronounced him to be a fine figure of a man, the ladies declared he was much handsomer than Mr.
noble - noble, aristocrate, aristocratique
mien - mien, mine
Circulation - circulation
within - a l'intérieur, dedans, avant, d'ici
entrance - entrée, cochere
A fine figure of a man - Un bel Homme
declared - déclarée, expliquer, déclarer
handsomer - plus beau, beau
Bingley, and he was looked at with great admiration for about half the evening, till his manners gave a disgust which turned the tide of his popularity; for he was discovered to be proud; to be above his company, and above being pleased; and not all his large estate in Derbyshire could then save him from having a most forbidding, disagreeable countenance, and being unworthy to be compared with his friend.
admiration - l'admiration, admiration
disgust - dégout, dégouter, dégout
tide - marée, marées, reflux
popularity - popularité
proud - fiers, fier, orgueilleux
estate - patrimoine, noblesse, proprieté, biens, domaine, propriété
disagreeable - incompatible, désagréable
unworthy - indigne
Mr. Bingley had soon made himself acquainted with all the principal people in the room; he was lively and unreserved, danced every dance, was angry that the ball closed so early, and talked of giving one himself at Netherfield. Such amiable qualities must speak for themselves. What a contrast between him and his friend! Mr. Darcy danced only once with Mrs.
principal - principal, directeur, directrice
unreserved - sans réserve
amiable - aimable, avenant, affable
contrast - contraste, contraster
Hurst and once with Miss Bingley, declined being introduced to any other lady, and spent the rest of the evening in walking about the room, speaking occasionally to one of his own party. His character was decided. He was the proudest, most disagreeable man in the world, and everybody hoped that he would never come there again. Amongst the most violent against him was Mrs.
declined - refusé, déclin
Occasionally - occasionnellement
proudest - la plus fiere, fier, orgueilleux
amongst - entre, parmi
most violent - Le plus violent
Bennet, whose dislike of his general behaviour was sharpened into particular resentment by his having slighted one of her daughters.
dislike - l'aversion, antipathie, ne pas aimer
sharpened - aiguisé, affiler, affuter, aiguiser
resentment - le ressentiment, ressentiment, agacement, rancune
slighted - lésé, insignifiant, léger
Elizabeth Bennet had been obliged, by the scarcity of gentlemen, to sit down for two dances; and during part of that time, Mr. Darcy had been standing near enough for her to hear a conversation between him and Mr. Bingley, who came from the dance for a few minutes, to press his friend to join it.
scarcity - la rareté, manque, rareté, pénurie
press - presse, pressons, serre, pressent, pressez, serrer
"Come, Darcy," said he, "I must have you dance. I hate to see you standing about by yourself in this stupid manner. You had much better dance."
standing about - debout
"I certainly shall not. You know how I detest it, unless I am particularly acquainted with my partner. At such an assembly as this it would be insupportable. Your sisters are engaged, and there is not another woman in the room whom it would not be a punishment to me to stand up with."
detest - détester, mépriser
Unless - a moins que, a moins que, sauf si
particularly - en particulier
insupportable - insupportable
engaged - engagé, attirer l'attention, engager, embrayer
whom - que, qui
punishment - punition, châtiment
"I would not be so fastidious as you are," cried Mr. Bingley, "for a kingdom! Upon my honour, I never met with so many pleasant girls in my life as I have this evening; and there are several of them you see uncommonly pretty."
fastidious - fastidieux, pointilleux, minutieux, méticuleux, exigeant
Kingdom - royaume, regne
uncommonly - de maniere inhabituelle
"You are dancing with the only handsome girl in the room," said Mr. Darcy, looking at the eldest Miss Bennet.
"Oh! She is the most beautiful creature I ever beheld! But there is one of her sisters sitting down just behind you, who is very pretty, and I dare say very agreeable. Do let me ask my partner to introduce you."
creature - créature, etre
beheld - a été observée, regarder, voir, observer, voici, voila
"Which do you mean?" and turning round he looked for a moment at Elizabeth, till catching her eye, he withdrew his own and coldly said: "She is tolerable, but not handsome enough to tempt me; I am in no humour at present to give consequence to young ladies who are slighted by other men. You had better return to your partner and enjoy her smiles, for you are wasting your time with me."
turning round - faire demi-tour
withdrew - s'est retiré, (se) retirer
coldly - froidement
tolerable - tolérable
tempt - tenter, attirer
consequence - conséquence
wasting - le gaspillage, (wast) le gaspillage
Mr. Bingley followed his advice. Mr. Darcy walked off; and Elizabeth remained with no very cordial feelings toward him. She told the story, however, with great spirit among her friends; for she had a lively, playful disposition, which delighted in anything ridiculous.
remained - est restée, reste, rester, demeurer
cordial - cordial, sirop
toward - vers, envers, pour, pres de
spirit - l'esprit, esprit, moral, élan, spiritueux
playful - ludique, folâtre, enjoué, joueur
disposition - disposition, tempérament
ridiculous - ridicule
The evening altogether passed off pleasantly to the whole family. Mrs. Bennet had seen her eldest daughter much admired by the Netherfield party. Mr. Bingley had danced with her twice, and she had been distinguished by his sisters. Jane was as much gratified by this as her mother could be, though in a quieter way. Elizabeth felt Jane's pleasure.
pleasantly - agréablement
admired - admiré, admirer
distinguished - distingué, distinguer
gratified - gratifié, gratifier
pleasure - plaisir, volupté, désir
Mary had heard herself mentioned to Miss Bingley as the most accomplished girl in the neighbourhood; and Catherine and Lydia had been fortunate enough never to be without partners, which was all that they had yet learnt to care for at a ball. They returned, therefore, in good spirits to Longbourn, the village where they lived, and of which they were the principal inhabitants. They found Mr.
accomplished - accompli, accomplir
Catherine - catherine
spirits - les esprits, esprit, moral, élan
inhabitants - habitants, habitant, habitante, résident, résidente
Bennet still up. With a book he was regardless of time; and on the present occasion he had a good deal of curiosity as to the event of an evening which had raised such splendid expectations. He had rather hoped that his wife's views on the stranger would be disappointed; but he soon found out that he had a different story to hear.
regardless - sans pour autant s'en préoccuper, malgré tout, malgré cela
curiosity - curiosité
splendid - splendide, fameux
expectations - attentes, attente
disappointed - déçue, décevoir, désappointer
"Oh! my dear Mr. Bennet," as she entered the room, "we have had a most delightful evening, a most excellent ball. I wish you had been there. Jane was so admired, nothing could be like it. Everybody said how well she looked; and Mr. Bingley thought her quite beautiful, and danced with her twice! Only think of that, my dear; he actually danced with her twice!
most delightful - le plus délicieux
most excellent - le plus excellent
and she was the only creature in the room that he asked a second time. First of all, he asked Miss Lucas. I was so vexed to see him stand up with her! But, however, he did not admire her at all; indeed, nobody can, you know; and he seemed quite struck with Jane as she was going down the dance. So he inquired who she was, and got introduced, and asked her for the two next.
vexed - contrarié, ennuyer, énerver, vexer 'informal', tourmenter, vexer
admire - admirer
struck - frappé, biffer, rayer, barrer, frapper, battre
inquired - a demandé, enqueter, renseigner
Then the two third he danced with Miss King, and the two fourth with Maria Lucas, and the two fifth with Jane again, and the two sixth with Lizzy, and the Boulanger-"
sixth - sixieme, sixieme ('before the noun'), ('in names of monarchs and popes') six ('after the name') ('abbreviation' VI)
"If he had had any compassion for me," cried her husband impatiently, "he would not have danced half so much! For God's sake, say no more of his partners. Oh that he had sprained his ankle in the first dance!"
For God's sake - Pour l'amour de Dieu
sprained - entorse, fouler
"Oh! my dear, I am quite delighted with him. He is so excessively handsome! And his sisters are charming women. I never in my life saw anything more elegant than their dresses. I dare say the lace upon Mrs. Hurst's gown-"
excessively - de maniere excessive, excessivement, bien trop (much too...)
charming - charmant, (charm)
more elegant - plus élégant
lace - dentelle, pointue
gown - robe, toge (general term, especially Roman Antiquity)
Here she was interrupted again. Mr. Bennet protested against any description of finery. She was therefore obliged to seek another branch of the subject, and related, with much bitterness of spirit and some exaggeration, the shocking rudeness of Mr. Darcy.
interrupted - interrompu, interrompre, couper
protested - protesté, protester, protestation, manifestation
finery - parure
seek - chercher
branch - branche, rameau, affluent, filiale, succursale
related - en rapport, raconter, relater
bitterness - l'amertume, amertume
exaggeration - exagération
shocking - choquant, choc
rudeness - l'impolitesse, impolitesse
"But I can assure you," she added, "that Lizzy does not lose much by not suiting his fancy; for he is a most disagreeable, horrid man, not at all worth pleasing. So high and so conceited that there was no enduring him! He walked here, and he walked there, fancying himself so very great! Not handsome enough to dance with! I wish you had been there, my dear, to have given him one of your set-downs.
horrid - horribles, affreux, horrible, exécrable, désagréable
worth - valeur
conceited - prétentieux, vanité, orgueil, concept
enduring - durable, endurer, perdurer, supporter
fancying - a l'envie, envie, caprice
set - set, Seth
I quite detest the man."
When Jane and Elizabeth were alone, the former, who had been cautious in her praise of Mr. Bingley before, expressed to her sister just how very much she admired him.
former - ancien, ancienne, ci devant
cautious - prudent
Praise - des louanges, louange, louer, féliciter, prôner, vénérer
"He is just what a young man ought to be," said she, "sensible, good-humoured, lively; and I never saw such happy manners!-so much ease, with such perfect good breeding!"
humoured - humilié, humour, humeur, disposition, amadouer
ease - l'aisance, facilité, repos, abaisser, abréger, amoindrir
breeding - l'élevage, (breed), se reproduire, engendrer, élever, race
"He is also handsome," replied Elizabeth, "which a young man ought likewise to be, if he possibly can. His character is thereby complete."
likewise - de meme
Possibly - peut-etre, possiblement, peut-etre
thereby - et donc, ainsi, de ce fait, par la
"I was very much flattered by his asking me to dance a second time. I did not expect such a compliment."
flattered - flattée, flatter
compliment - compliment, complimenter, faire un compliment
"Did not you? I did for you. But that is one great difference between us. Compliments always take you by surprise, and me never. What could be more natural than his asking you again? He could not help seeing that you were about five times as pretty as every other woman in the room. No thanks to his gallantry for that. Well, he certainly is very agreeable, and I give you leave to like him.
compliments - des compliments, compliment, complimenter, faire un compliment
more natural - plus naturel
gallantry - la galanterie, courage, galanterie
You have liked many a stupider person."
"Oh! you are a great deal too apt, you know, to like people in general. You never see a fault in anybody. All the world are good and agreeable in your eyes. I never heard you speak ill of a human being in your life."
apt - apt, doué
fault - défaut, faute, faille
"I would not wish to be hasty in censuring anyone; but I always speak what I think."
hasty - hâtive, hâtif
censuring - la censure, décrier, fr
"I know you do; and it is that which makes the wonder. With your good sense, to be so honestly blind to the follies and nonsense of others! Affectation of candour is common enough-one meets with it everywhere. But to be candid without ostentation or design-to take the good of everybody's character and make it still better, and say nothing of the bad-belongs to you alone.
wonder - merveille, se demander, conjecturer
honestly - honnetement, honnetement, franchement
blind - aveugle, mal-voyant, mal-voyante, store, blind, aveugler
follies - folies, folie, sottise
affectation - affectation
candour - candeur
candid - sincere, spontané, candide
ostentation - l'ostentation, ostentation, spectacle
And so you like this man's sisters, too, do you? Their manners are not equal to his."
Equal - l'égalité, égal, égaler a, égale
"Certainly not-at first. But they are very pleasing women when you converse with them. Miss Bingley is to live with her brother, and keep his house; and I am much mistaken if we shall not find a very charming neighbour in her."
converse - converser, conversez, conversons, conversent
Elizabeth listened in silence, but was not convinced; their behaviour at the assembly had not been calculated to please in general; and with more quickness of observation and less pliancy of temper than her sister, and with a judgement too unassailed by any attention to herself, she was very little disposed to approve them.
silence - le silence, silence
Convinced - convaincu, convaincre, persuader
calculated - calculée, calculer
observation - observation, remarque
pliancy - pliage
judgement - jugement
unassailed - inébranlable
disposed - disposé, débarrasser
approve - approuver, éprouvé, approuvent, approuvez
They were in fact very fine ladies; not deficient in good humour when they were pleased, nor in the power of making themselves agreeable when they chose it, but proud and conceited.
They were rather handsome, had been educated in one of the first private seminaries in town, had a fortune of twenty thousand pounds, were in the habit of spending more than they ought, and of associating with people of rank, and were therefore in every respect entitled to think well of themselves, and meanly of others.
educated - éduqués, éduquer
private - personnel, personnelle, privé, privée
seminaries - séminaires, séminaire
associating with - s'associer avec
rank - rang, rangée, unie, standing
entitled - habilité, intituler
meanly - méchamment
They were of a respectable family in the north of England; a circumstance more deeply impressed on their memories than that their brother's fortune and their own had been acquired by trade.
respectable - respectable, convenable
circumstance - circonstances, circonstance
deeply - profondément
impressed - impressionné, impressionner
acquired - acquis, acquérir
by trade - par métier
Mr. Bingley inherited property to the amount of nearly a hundred thousand pounds from his father, who had intended to purchase an estate, but did not live to do it. Mr.
inherited - hérité, hériter
purchase - l'achat, achat, acquisition, acheter, acquérir
Bingley intended it likewise, and sometimes made choice of his county; but as he was now provided with a good house and the liberty of a manor, it was doubtful to many of those who best knew the easiness of his temper, whether he might not spend the remainder of his days at Netherfield, and leave the next generation to purchase.
county - comté
liberty - liberté
Manor - manoir, maison-forte, seigneurie
doubtful - douteux, douteuse
easiness - la facilité, facilité, simplicité
whether - si, que, soit, si oui ou non
remainder - reste, restant, checkreste, checkrésidu, checkinvendu
generation - génération, création, generation
His sisters were anxious for his having an estate of his own; but, though he was now only established as a tenant, Miss Bingley was by no means unwilling to preside at his table-nor was Mrs. Hurst, who had married a man of more fashion than fortune, less disposed to consider his house as her home when it suited her. Mr.
anxious - anxieux, désireux
established - établie, affermir, établir
tenant - locataire
preside - présider
Bingley had not been of age two years, when he was tempted by an accidental recommendation to look at Netherfield House. He did look at it, and into it for half-an-hour-was pleased with the situation and the principal rooms, satisfied with what the owner said in its praise, and took it immediately.
tempted - tentés, tenter, attirer
accidental - accidentelle, accidentel, altération
recommendation - recommandation
satisfied - satisfaits, satisfaire
Between him and Darcy there was a very steady friendship, in spite of great opposition of character. Bingley was endeared to Darcy by the easiness, openness, and ductility of his temper, though no disposition could offer a greater contrast to his own, and though with his own he never appeared dissatisfied.
steady - stable, lisse, régulier
friendship - l'amitié, amitié
spite - dépit, rancune
opposition - l'opposition, opposition
endeared - aimée, rendre cher (a)
openness - l'ouverture, franchise
ductility - ductilité
dissatisfied - insatisfait, mécontenter
On the strength of Darcy's regard, Bingley had the firmest reliance, and of his judgement the highest opinion. In understanding, Darcy was the superior. Bingley was by no means deficient, but Darcy was clever. He was at the same time haughty, reserved, and fastidious, and his manners, though well-bred, were not inviting. In that respect his friend had greatly the advantage.
strength - la force, force, vigueur, effectif, point fort
regard - regard, considérer, égard, estime
firmest - le plus ferme, solide, ferme
reliance - la confiance, confiance, dépendance
superior - supérieur
haughty - hautain, suffisant
reserved - réservé, réservation, réserve, réserves-p
bred - élevé, (breed), se reproduire, engendrer, élever, race
greatly - grandement
Bingley was sure of being liked wherever he appeared, Darcy was continually giving offense.
wherever - ou
offense - l'offense, attaque, offensive, attaquants, offense
The manner in which they spoke of the Meryton assembly was sufficiently characteristic. Bingley had never met with more pleasant people or prettier girls in his life; everybody had been most kind and attentive to him; there had been no formality, no stiffness; he had soon felt acquainted with all the room; and, as to Miss Bennet, he could not conceive an angel more beautiful.
sufficiently - suffisamment
characteristic - caractéristique
more pleasant - plus agréable
attentive - attentif
formality - formalité
stiffness - rigidité, raideur, inflexibilité
conceive - concevoir, tomber enceinte
angel - ange
Darcy, on the contrary, had seen a collection of people in whom there was little beauty and no fashion, for none of whom he had felt the smallest interest, and from none received either attention or pleasure. Miss Bennet he acknowledged to be pretty, but she smiled too much.
contrary - contraire, contrepied
collection - collection, ramassage
Mrs. Hurst and her sister allowed it to be so-but still they admired her and liked her, and pronounced her to be a sweet girl, and one whom they would not object to know more of. Miss Bennet was therefore established as a sweet girl, and their brother felt authorized by such commendation to think of her as he chose.
sweet girl - une fille douce
authorized - autorisé, autoriser
Within a short walk of Longbourn lived a family with whom the Bennets were particularly intimate. Sir William Lucas had been formerly in trade in Meryton, where he had made a tolerable fortune, and risen to the honour of knighthood by an address to the king during his mayoralty. The distinction had perhaps been felt too strongly.
intimate - intime
Formerly - auparavant, autrefois, anciennement
trade - le commerce
mayoralty - la mairie, mairie
distinction - distinction, différence
strongly - fort, fortement
It had given him a disgust to his business, and to his residence in a small market town; and, in quitting them both, he had removed with his family to a house about a mile from Meryton, denominated from that period Lucas Lodge, where he could think with pleasure of his own importance, and, unshackled by business, occupy himself solely in being civil to all the world.
residence - résidence, siege social
quitting - démissionner, quitter, abandonner
Lodge - cabane, maison du portier, loge, rench: t-needed r, loger
importance - importance
unshackled - sans entraves, déchainer, émanciper
occupy - occuper, habiter
solely - uniquement, exclusivement, seulement
civil - civile, civil
For, though elated by his rank, it did not render him supercilious; on the contrary, he was all attention to everybody. By nature inoffensive, friendly, and obliging, his presentation at St. James's had made him courteous.
render - l'équarrissage, rendre
supercilious - hautain
inoffensive - inoffensif
obliging - obligeant, imposer, obliger, rendre service
presentation - exposé, présentation, conférence
James - james, Jacques
courteous - courtois, poli
Lady Lucas was a very good kind of woman, not too clever to be a valuable neighbour to Mrs. Bennet. They had several children. The eldest of them, a sensible, intelligent young woman, about twenty-seven, was Elizabeth's intimate friend.
valuable - de valeur, précieux, valeur
That the Miss Lucases and the Miss Bennets should meet to talk over a ball was absolutely necessary; and the morning after the assembly brought the former to Longbourn to hear and to communicate.
talk over - parler
absolutely - absolument
"You began the evening well, Charlotte," said Mrs. Bennet with civil self-command to Miss Lucas. "You were Mr. Bingley's first choice."
Charlotte - charlotte
self - soi, soi-meme
Command - commandement, ordre, maîtrise, commande, commander, ordonner
"Yes; but he seemed to like his second better."
"Oh! you mean Jane, I suppose, because he danced with her twice. To be sure that did seem as if he admired her-indeed I rather believe he did-I heard something about it-but I hardly know what-something about Mr. Robinson."
hardly - a peine, dur, durement, guere, a peine
"Perhaps you mean what I overheard between him and Mr. Robinson; did not I mention it to you? Mr. Robinson's asking him how he liked our Meryton assemblies, and whether he did not think there were a great many pretty women in the room, and which he thought the prettiest? and his answering immediately to the last question: 'Oh!
the eldest Miss Bennet, beyond a doubt; there cannot be two opinions on that point.'"
beyond - au-dela, au-dela, par-dela
doubt - des doutes, douter, doute
"Upon my word! Well, that is very decided indeed-that does seem as if-but, however, it may all come to nothing, you know."
"My overhearings were more to the purpose than yours, Eliza," said Charlotte. "Mr. Darcy is not so well worth listening to as his friend, is he?-poor Eliza!-to be only just tolerable."
overhearings - des écoutes
"I beg you would not put it into Lizzy's head to be vexed by his ill-treatment, for he is such a disagreeable man, that it would be quite a misfortune to be liked by him. Mrs. Long told me last night that he sat close to her for half-an-hour without once opening his lips."
beg - mendier, implorer, prier
treatment - traitement
misfortune - malchance, mésaventure, malheur
lips - levres, levre
"Are you quite sure, ma'am?-is not there a little mistake?" said Jane. "I certainly saw Mr. Darcy speaking to her."
"Aye-because she asked him at last how he liked Netherfield, and he could not help answering her; but she said he seemed quite angry at being spoke to."
"Miss Bingley told me," said Jane, "that he never speaks much, unless among his intimate acquaintances. With them he is remarkably agreeable."
remarkably - remarquablement
"I do not believe a word of it, my dear. If he had been so very agreeable, he would have talked to Mrs. Long. But I can guess how it was; everybody says that he is eat up with pride, and I dare say he had heard somehow that Mrs. Long does not keep a carriage, and had come to the ball in a hack chaise."
eat up - manger
somehow - d'une maniere ou d'une autre
carriage - transport, rench: t-needed r, carrosse, port, chariot
hack - hack, pic, hacher
"I do not mind his not talking to Mrs. Long," said Miss Lucas, "but I wish he had danced with Eliza."
"Another time, Lizzy," said her mother, "I would not dance with him, if I were you."
"I believe, ma'am, I may safely promise you never to dance with him."
safely - prudemment, en toute sécurité
"His pride," said Miss Lucas, "does not offend me so much as pride often does, because there is an excuse for it. One cannot wonder that so very fine a young man, with family, fortune, everything in his favour, should think highly of himself. If I may so express it, he has a right to be proud."
offend - offenser, déplaire, blesser, checkblesser, checkinsulter
Excuse - pardon, excuser, pardonner, justifier, prétexte, excuse
favour - favorable, faveur, complaisance, favoriser
"That is very true," replied Elizabeth, "and I could easily forgive his pride, if he had not mortified mine."
forgive - pardonner
mortified - mortifié, mortifier, macérer, tuer
"Pride," observed Mary, who piqued herself upon the solidity of her reflections, "is a very common failing, I believe. By all that I have ever read, I am convinced that it is very common indeed; that human nature is particularly prone to it, and that there are very few of us who do not cherish a feeling of self-complacency on the score of some quality or other, real or imaginary.
observed - observée, observer, remarquer, respecter, garder
piqued - piquée, dépit
solidity - solidité
reflections - réflexions, réflexion, reflet, qualifiereaning 4
prone - prone, couché sur le ventre, enclin, prédisposé
cherish - chérir
complacency - l'autosatisfaction, suffisance, complaisance
imaginary - imaginaire
Vanity and pride are different things, though the words are often used synonymously. A person may be proud without being vain. Pride relates more to our opinion of ourselves, vanity to what we would have others think of us."
vanity - la vanité, vanité
synonymously - de façon synonyme
vain - vaine, rench: vaniteux, frivole, vain, futile
relates - se rapporte, raconter, relater
"If I were as rich as Mr. Darcy," cried a young Lucas, who came with his sisters, "I should not care how proud I was. I would keep a pack of foxhounds, and drink a bottle of wine a day."
"Then you would drink a great deal more than you ought," said Mrs. Bennet; "and if I were to see you at it, I should take away your bottle directly."
directly - directement, checktout droit
The boy protested that she should not; she continued to declare that she would, and the argument ended only with the visit.
The ladies of Longbourn soon waited on those of Netherfield. The visit was soon returned in due form. Miss Bennet's pleasing manners grew on the goodwill of Mrs. Hurst and Miss Bingley; and though the mother was found to be intolerable, and the younger sisters not worth speaking to, a wish of being better acquainted with them was expressed towards the two eldest.
in due form - en bonne et due forme
goodwill - la bonne volonté, bonne volonté, bienveillance, achalandage
intolerable - intolérable
By Jane, this attention was received with the greatest pleasure, but Elizabeth still saw superciliousness in their treatment of everybody, hardly excepting even her sister, and could not like them; though their kindness to Jane, such as it was, had a value as arising in all probability from the influence of their brother's admiration.
superciliousness - l'outrecuidance
value - valeur, évaluer, valoriser
arising - qui en découle, (arise), se lever, surgir, apparaitre, naitre
probability - probabilité
influence - influence, influencer, influer
It was generally evident whenever they met, that he did admire her and to her it was equally evident that Jane was yielding to the preference which she had begun to entertain for him from the first, and was in a way to be very much in love; but she considered with pleasure that it was not likely to be discovered by the world in general, since Jane united, with great strength of feeling, a composure of temper and a uniform cheerfulness of manner which would guard her from the suspicions of the impertinent. She mentioned this to her friend Miss Lucas.
generally - en général
evident - évidentes, évident
whenever - chaque fois que
yielding - rendant, (yield) rendant
entertain - divertir
composure - le sang-froid, calme, quiétude
cheerfulness - gaieté
guard - garde, protection, gardien, arriere, défense, garder
suspicions - des soupçons, suspicion, soupçon
"It may perhaps be pleasant," replied Charlotte, "to be able to impose on the public in such a case; but it is sometimes a disadvantage to be so very guarded. If a woman conceals her affection with the same skill from the object of it, she may lose the opportunity of fixing him; and it will then be but poor consolation to believe the world equally in the dark.
impose - imposer
disadvantage - désavantage
guarded - gardé, garde, protection, gardien, arriere
conceals - dissimule, dissimuler, cacher
consolation - consoler, consolation
There is so much of gratitude or vanity in almost every attachment, that it is not safe to leave any to itself. We can all begin freely-a slight preference is natural enough; but there are very few of us who have heart enough to be really in love without encouragement. In nine cases out of ten a women had better show more affection than she feels.
gratitude - la gratitude, gratitude
attachment - l'attachement, attachement, dépendance, piece jointe, saisie
freely - librement
Slight - insignifiant, léger
encouragement - d'encouragement, encouragement
Bingley likes your sister undoubtedly; but he may never do more than like her, if she does not help him on."
Undoubtedly - sans doute
"But she does help him on, as much as her nature will allow. If I can perceive her regard for him, he must be a simpleton, indeed, not to discover it too."
perceive - percevoir
simpleton - simplet, nigaud, niais, naif
"Remember, Eliza, that he does not know Jane's disposition as you do."
"But if a woman is partial to a man, and does not endeavour to conceal it, he must find it out."
partial - partiel, partial
endeavour - l'effort, peiner
conceal - dissimuler, cacher
"Perhaps he must, if he sees enough of her. But, though Bingley and Jane meet tolerably often, it is never for many hours together; and, as they always see each other in large mixed parties, it is impossible that every moment should be employed in conversing together. Jane should therefore make the most of every half-hour in which she can command his attention.
tolerably - de maniere tolérable
mixed - mixte, mélanger
conversing - en train de converser, converser
When she is secure of him, there will be more leisure for falling in love as much as she chooses."
secure - sécurisé, sur, sécuriser
leisure - les loisirs, loisir, temps libre
"Your plan is a good one," replied Elizabeth, "where nothing is in question but the desire of being well married, and if I were determined to get a rich husband, or any husband, I dare say I should adopt it. But these are not Jane's feelings; she is not acting by design. As yet, she cannot even be certain of the degree of her own regard nor of its reasonableness.
adopt - adopter
reasonableness - raisonnable, modération
She has known him only a fortnight. She danced four dances with him at Meryton; she saw him one morning at his own house, and has since dined with him in company four times. This is not quite enough to make her understand his character."
dined - dîné, vacarme
"Not as you represent it. Had she merely dined with him, she might only have discovered whether he had a good appetite; but you must remember that four evenings have also been spent together-and four evenings may do a great deal."
represent - représenter, constituer, représentez, représentons
dined - dîné, dîner
appetite - l'appétit, appétit
"Yes; these four evenings have enabled them to ascertain that they both like Vingt-un better than Commerce; but with respect to any other leading characteristic, I do not imagine that much has been unfolded."
enabled - activée, autoriser, permettre, activer
ascertain - vérification, constater, définir
commerce - le commerce, commerce, rapports
leading - dirigeante, (lead) dirigeante
unfolded - déployé, déplier, dérouler, fr
"Well," said Charlotte, "I wish Jane success with all my heart; and if she were married to him to-morrow, I should think she had as good a chance of happiness as if she were to be studying his character for a twelvemonth. Happiness in marriage is entirely a matter of chance.
Happiness - le bonheur, bonheur
twelvemonth - douze mois
marriage - mariage, noces
entirely - entierement, entierement, entierement (1)
If the dispositions of the parties are ever so well known to each other or ever so similar beforehand, it does not advance their felicity in the least. They always continue to grow sufficiently unlike afterwards to have their share of vexation; and it is better to know as little as possible of the defects of the person with whom you are to pass your life."
dispositions - dispositions, disposition, tempérament
beforehand - a l'avance
advance - élever, avancer, avancée, progression, avance, souscription
Felicity - felicity, Félicité
unlike - contrairement a, différent
vexation - vexation, tracas, tracasserie, contrariété
defects - défauts, défaut, déserter, passer a, rench: -neededr
"You make me laugh, Charlotte; but it is not sound. You know it is not sound, and that you would never act in this way yourself."
Occupied in observing Mr. Bingley's attentions to her sister, Elizabeth was far from suspecting that she was herself becoming an object of some interest in the eyes of his friend. Mr. Darcy had at first scarcely allowed her to be pretty; he had looked at her without admiration at the ball; and when they next met, he looked at her only to criticise.
occupied - occupée, occuper, habiter
suspecting - soupçonner, suspecter
scarcely - a peine, a peine, guere
criticise - critiquer
But no sooner had he made it clear to himself and his friends that she hardly had a good feature in her face, than he began to find it was rendered uncommonly intelligent by the beautiful expression of her dark eyes. To this discovery succeeded some others equally mortifying.
rendered - rendu, rendre
mortifying - mortifiant, mortifier, macérer, tuer
Though he had detected with a critical eye more than one failure of perfect symmetry in her form, he was forced to acknowledge her figure to be light and pleasing; and in spite of his asserting that her manners were not those of the fashionable world, he was caught by their easy playfulness.
detected - détecté, détecter
critical - critique
failure - l'échec, échec, daube, flop, panne
symmetry - symétrie
forced - forcée, force
acknowledge - reconnaître, accuser réception, certifier
asserting - affirmer, attester, asseoir
fashionable - a la mode, a la mode, en vogue, fashionable
playfulness - l'espieglerie
Of this she was perfectly unaware; to her he was only the man who made himself agreeable nowhere, and who had not thought her handsome enough to dance with.
perfectly - parfaitement
He began to wish to know more of her, and as a step towards conversing with her himself, attended to her conversation with others. His doing so drew her notice. It was at Sir William Lucas's, where a large party were assembled.
assembled - assemblés, assembler, rassembler
"What does Mr. Darcy mean," said she to Charlotte, "by listening to my conversation with Colonel Forster?"
Colonel - colonel
"That is a question which Mr. Darcy only can answer."
"But if he does it any more I shall certainly let him know that I see what he is about. He has a very satirical eye, and if I do not begin by being impertinent myself, I shall soon grow afraid of him."
satirical - satirique
On his approaching them soon afterwards, though without seeming to have any intention of speaking, Miss Lucas defied her friend to mention such a subject to him; which immediately provoking Elizabeth to do it, she turned to him and said:
approaching - en approche, (s')approcher (de)
intention - intention
defied - défié, défier, désobéir a
provoking - provoquer
"Did you not think, Mr. Darcy, that I expressed myself uncommonly well just now, when I was teasing Colonel Forster to give us a ball at Meryton?"
"With great energy; but it is always a subject which makes a lady energetic."
energetic - énergique, énergétique
"You are severe on us."
severe - sévere, grave, sévere
"It will be her turn soon to be teased," said Miss Lucas. "I am going to open the instrument, Eliza, and you know what follows."
teased - taquiné, taquiner
"You are a very strange creature by way of a friend!-always wanting me to play and sing before anybody and everybody! If my vanity had taken a musical turn, you would have been invaluable; but as it is, I would really rather not sit down before those who must be in the habit of hearing the very best performers.
invaluable - inestimable
performers - artistes-interpretes, artiste, interprete, exécutant, exécutante
" On Miss Lucas's persevering, however, she added, "Very well, if it must be so, it must." And gravely glancing at Mr. Darcy, "There is a fine old saying, which everybody here is of course familiar with: 'Keep your breath to cool your porridge'; and I shall keep mine to swell my song."
persevering - persévérant, persévérer
gravely - gravement
glancing - un coup d'oil, (glance), jeter un coup d’oil
familiar - familier, esprit familier
breath - respiration, souffle, haleine
porridge - bouillie, porridge, gruau
swell - gonfler, déferlement, se tuméfier
Her performance was pleasing, though by no means capital. After a song or two, and before she could reply to the entreaties of several that she would sing again, she was eagerly succeeded at the instrument by her sister Mary, who having, in consequence of being the only plain one in the family, worked hard for knowledge and accomplishments, was always impatient for display.
performance - exécution, performance, représentation, prestation
entreaties - des supplications, supplication
eagerly - avec empressement, avidement
plain - simple, unie, net, plaine
accomplishments - des réalisations, accomplissement
impatient - impatient
display - l'affichage, représentation, spectacle, moniteur, écran
Mary had neither genius nor taste; and though vanity had given her application, it had given her likewise a pedantic air and conceited manner, which would have injured a higher degree of excellence than she had reached.
genius - génie
application - l'application, application, programme, candidature, demande
pedantic - pédant
injured - blessé, blesser
excellence - l'excellence, excellence
Elizabeth, easy and unaffected, had been listened to with much more pleasure, though not playing half so well; and Mary, at the end of a long concerto, was glad to purchase praise and gratitude by Scotch and Irish airs, at the request of her younger sisters, who, with some of the Lucases, and two or three officers, joined eagerly in dancing at one end of the room.
concerto - concerto
Scotch - du scotch, Écossais, scotch
Irish - irlandais, gaélique irlandais, Irlandaise
Mr. Darcy stood near them in silent indignation at such a mode of passing the evening, to the exclusion of all conversation, and was too much engrossed by his thoughts to perceive that Sir William Lucas was his neighbour, till Sir William thus began:
silent - silencieux
indignation - l'indignation, indignation
mode - mode, maniere
exclusion - l'exclusion, exclusion
engrossed - absorbé, grossoyer, accaparer, rafler, s'emparer de
thoughts - réflexions, idée, pensée
thus - donc, ainsi, tellement, pour cette raison, également
"What a charming amusement for young people this is, Mr. Darcy! There is nothing like dancing after all. I consider it as one of the first refinements of polished society."
refinements - raffinements, raffinement
polished - polie, polonais
"Certainly, sir; and it has the advantage also of being in vogue amongst the less polished societies of the world. Every savage can dance."
vogue - vogue, mode
savage - barbare, féroce, sauvage
Sir William only smiled. "Your friend performs delightfully," he continued after a pause, on seeing Bingley join the group; "and I doubt not that you are an adept in the science yourself, Mr. Darcy."
delightfully - délicieusement
pause - pauser, pause
adept - adepte, expert
"You saw me dance at Meryton, I believe, sir."
"Yes, indeed, and received no inconsiderable pleasure from the sight. Do you often dance at St. James's?"
inconsiderable - insignifiante
"Do you not think it would be a proper compliment to the place?"
proper - appropriée, approprié, convenable, exact, juste, propre
"It is a compliment which I never pay to any place if I can avoid it."
"You have a house in town, I conclude?"
conclude - conclure
Mr. Darcy bowed.
bowed - incliné, (s')incliner devant, saluer d'un signe de tete
"I had once had some thought of fixing in town myself-for I am fond of superior society; but I did not feel quite certain that the air of London would agree with Lady Lucas."
fond - fond, tendre, amoureux
He paused in hopes of an answer; but his companion was not disposed to make any; and Elizabeth at that instant moving towards them, he was struck with the action of doing a very gallant thing, and called out to her:
paused - en pause, pauser, pause
companion - compagnon, compagne
instant - instantanée, moment
gallant - galant, brave, vaillant
"My dear Miss Eliza, why are you not dancing? Mr. Darcy, you must allow me to present this young lady to you as a very desirable partner. You cannot refuse to dance, I am sure when so much beauty is before you." And, taking her hand, he would have given it to Mr.
desirable - souhaitable, désirable
refuse - refuser, refusons, refusent, refusez
Darcy who, though extremely surprised, was not unwilling to receive it, when she instantly drew back, and said with some discomposure to Sir William:
instantly - instantanément, instamment
discomposure - la déconfiture
"Indeed, sir, I have not the least intention of dancing. I entreat you not to suppose that I moved this way in order to beg for a partner."
beg for - Supplier
Mr. Darcy, with grave propriety, requested to be allowed the honour of her hand, but in vain. Elizabeth was determined; nor did Sir William at all shake her purpose by his attempt at persuasion.
grave - tombe
propriety - la bienséance, décence, correction, bienséance, convenances
attempt - tenter, essayer, tentative, attentat
persuasion - la persuasion, persuasion
"You excel so much in the dance, Miss Eliza, that it is cruel to deny me the happiness of seeing you; and though this gentleman dislikes the amusement in general, he can have no objection, I am sure, to oblige us for one half-hour."
excel - excel, dépasser
cruel - cruel
deny - refuser
dislikes - n'aime pas, antipathie, ne pas aimer
oblige - imposer, obliger, etre redevable a
"Mr. Darcy is all politeness," said Elizabeth, smiling.
politeness - la politesse, politesse
"He is, indeed; but, considering the inducement, my dear Miss Eliza, we cannot wonder at his complaisance-for who would object to such a partner?"
complaisance - complaisance
Elizabeth looked archly, and turned away. Her resistance had not injured her with the gentleman, and he was thinking of her with some complacency, when thus accosted by Miss Bingley:
archly - archaique, malicieusement
resistance - résistance
accosted - accosté, accoster
"I can guess the subject of your reverie."
reverie - reverie
"I should imagine not."
"You are considering how insupportable it would be to pass many evenings in this manner-in such society; and indeed I am quite of your opinion. I was never more annoyed! The insipidity, and yet the noise-the nothingness, and yet the self-importance of all those people! What would I give to hear your strictures on them!"
more annoyed - plus ennuyé
insipidity - l'insipidité
nothingness - le néant, néant, vide
strictures - les sténoses, rench: -neededr, étranglement
"Your conjecture is totally wrong, I assure you. My mind was more agreeably engaged. I have been meditating on the very great pleasure which a pair of fine eyes in the face of a pretty woman can bestow."
conjecture - conjecture, conjecturer
totally - totalement
agreeably - a l'aise, agréablement
meditating - méditer
bestow - disposer de, accorder, remettre, conférer, donner en mariage
Miss Bingley immediately fixed her eyes on his face, and desired he would tell her what lady had the credit of inspiring such reflections. Mr. Darcy replied with great intrepidity:
desired - souhaitée, désirer, désir
inspiring - inspirant, inspirer
intrepidity - l'intrépidité
"Miss Elizabeth Bennet."
"Miss Elizabeth Bennet!" repeated Miss Bingley. "I am all astonishment. How long has she been such a favourite?-and pray, when am I to wish you joy?"
Pray - prier, prions, priez, prient
"That is exactly the question which I expected you to ask. A lady's imagination is very rapid; it jumps from admiration to love, from love to matrimony, in a moment. I knew you would be wishing me joy."
imagination - l'imagination, imagination
rapid - rapide, rapides
matrimony - le mariage, mariage
"Nay, if you are serious about it, I shall consider the matter is absolutely settled. You will be having a charming mother-in-law, indeed; and, of course, she will always be at Pemberley with you."
Nay - nay, ou plutôt, voire, que dis-je
He listened to her with perfect indifference while she chose to entertain herself in this manner; and as his composure convinced her that all was safe, her wit flowed long.
indifference - l'indifférence, indifférence
entertain - divertir, recevoir
wit - wit, esprit
flowed - s'est écoulée, couler
Mr. Bennet's property consisted almost entirely in an estate of two thousand a year, which, unfortunately for his daughters, was entailed, in default of heirs male, on a distant relation; and their mother's fortune, though ample for her situation in life, could but ill supply the deficiency of his. Her father had been an attorney in Meryton, and had left her four thousand pounds.
entailed - impliqué, occasionner, comporter
default - par défaut, défaut, rench: t-needed r
heirs - héritiers, héritier, héritiere, successeur, successeuse
relation - relation, parent, parente
ample - ample
supply - l'approvisionnement, livraison, fournir, pourvoir, provision
deficiency - déficience, carence
attorney - juriste, avocat, avocate, mandataire
She had a sister married to a Mr. Phillips, who had been a clerk to their father and succeeded him in the business, and a brother settled in London in a respectable line of trade.
clerk - greffier
trade - le commerce, commerce, magasin, négoce, corps de métier
The village of Longbourn was only one mile from Meryton; a most convenient distance for the young ladies, who were usually tempted thither three or four times a week, to pay their duty to their aunt and to a milliner's shop just over the way.
most convenient - le plus pratique
thither - la, la, d'ici la
Duty - le devoir, devoir, obligation, service, travail, taxe
milliner - modiste
The two youngest of the family, Catherine and Lydia, were particularly frequent in these attentions; their minds were more vacant than their sisters', and when nothing better offered, a walk to Meryton was necessary to amuse their morning hours and furnish conversation for the evening; and however bare of news the country in general might be, they always contrived to learn some from their aunt.
frequent - fréquents, fréquenter
vacant - vacant, vide, niais
offered - proposé, offrir, proposer
amuse - amuser
furnish - meubler, fournir, livrer
bare - a nu, dénudé, dégarnir, nu
contrived - artificiel, combiner, inventer
At present, indeed, they were well supplied both with news and happiness by the recent arrival of a militia regiment in the neighbourhood; it was to remain the whole winter, and Meryton was the headquarters.
supplied - fourni, fournir, approvisionner
militia - milice
regiment - régiment
remain - reste, rester, demeurer
Their visits to Mrs. Phillips were now productive of the most interesting intelligence. Every day added something to their knowledge of the officers'names and connections. Their lodgings were not long a secret, and at length they began to know the officers themselves. Mr. Phillips visited them all, and this opened to his nieces a store of felicity unknown before.
productive - productif
connections - des connexions, connexion, liaison, lien, rapport, complicité
lodgings - logements, logement, hébergement, verse
Length - longueur, durée
unknown - inconnu, inconnue
They could talk of nothing but officers; and Mr. Bingley's large fortune, the mention of which gave animation to their mother, was worthless in their eyes when opposed to the regimentals of an ensign.
animation - animation, invigoration
worthless - sans valeur, ne vaut rien, misérable, nul
opposed - opposée, s'opposer a, opposer
ensign - enseigne, aspirant, pavillon
After listening one morning to their effusions on this subject, Mr. Bennet coolly observed:
effusions - épanchements, effusion
coolly - froidement
"From all that I can collect by your manner of talking, you must be two of the silliest girls in the country. I have suspected it some time, but I am now convinced."
silliest - le plus stupide, sot, insensé, idiot, bete, fou, stupide
suspected - soupçonné, suspecter, soupçonner
Catherine was disconcerted, and made no answer; but Lydia, with perfect indifference, continued to express her admiration of Captain Carter, and her hope of seeing him in the course of the day, as he was going the next morning to London.
captain - capitaine, capitaine de vaisseau, agir en capitaine, piloter
"I am astonished, my dear," said Mrs. Bennet, "that you should be so ready to think your own children silly. If I wished to think slightingly of anybody's children, it should not be of my own, however."
astonished - étonné, étonner, surprendre
slightingly - légerement
"If my children are silly, I must hope to be always sensible of it."
"Yes-but as it happens, they are all of them very clever."
"This is the only point, I flatter myself, on which we do not agree. I had hoped that our sentiments coincided in every particular, but I must so far differ from you as to think our two youngest daughters uncommonly foolish."
sentiments - sentiments, sentiment
coincided - ont coincidé, coincider
differ - different, différer, séparer
foolish - sot, stupide, bete, idiot
"My dear Mr. Bennet, you must not expect such girls to have the sense of their father and mother. When they get to our age, I dare say they will not think about officers any more than we do.
I remember the time when I liked a red coat myself very well-and, indeed, so I do still at my heart; and if a smart young colonel, with five or six thousand a year, should want one of my girls I shall not say nay to him; and I thought Colonel Forster looked very becoming the other night at Sir William's in his regimentals."
smart - intelligent, rusé, bath, fringant, roublard, maligne
"Mamma," cried Lydia, "my aunt says that Colonel Forster and Captain Carter do not go so often to Miss Watson's as they did when they first came; she sees them now very often standing in Clarke's library."
Mrs. Bennet was prevented replying by the entrance of the footman with a note for Miss Bennet; it came from Netherfield, and the servant waited for an answer. Mrs. Bennet's eyes sparkled with pleasure, and she was eagerly calling out, while her daughter read,
footman - valet de pied, laquais
servant - serviteur, domestique, servante, checkserviteur
sparkled - étincelait, étincellement
"Well, Jane, who is it from? What is it about? What does he say? Well, Jane, Make haste and tell us; make haste, my love."
Make haste - Se hâter
"It is from Miss Bingley," said Jane, and then read it aloud.
aloud - a haute voix, a voix haute, a haute voix, fort
"MY DEAR FRIEND,-
"If you are not so compassionate as to dine to-day with Louisa and me, we shall be in danger of hating each other for the rest of our lives, for a whole day's tete-a-tete between two women can never end without a quarrel. Come as soon as you can on receipt of this. My brother and the gentlemen are to dine with the officers.-Yours ever,
compassionate - compatissant
dine - dîner
tete-a-tete - (tete-a-tete) Tete-a-tete
quarrel - querelle, bagarrer, noise, algarade, dispute
receipt - réception, reçu
"With the officers!" cried Lydia. "I wonder my aunt did not tell us of that."
"Dining out," said Mrs. Bennet, "that is very unlucky."
dining - dîner, vacarme
"Can I have the carriage?" said Jane.
"No, my dear, you had better go on horseback, because it seems likely to rain; and then you must stay all night."
on horseback - a cheval
"That would be a good scheme," said Elizabeth, "if you were sure that they would not offer to send her home."
scheme - le projet, plan, combine, machination, schéma, systeme
"Oh! but the gentlemen will have Mr. Bingley's chaise to go to Meryton, and the Hursts have no horses to theirs."
"I had much rather go in the coach."
"But, my dear, your father cannot spare the horses, I am sure. They are wanted in the farm, Mr. Bennet, are they not?"
spare - de rechange, épargner, loisirs, économiser
"They are wanted in the farm much oftener than I can get them."
"But if you have got them to-day," said Elizabeth, "my mother's purpose will be answered."
She did at last extort from her father an acknowledgment that the horses were engaged. Jane was therefore obliged to go on horseback, and her mother attended her to the door with many cheerful prognostics of a bad day. Her hopes were answered; Jane had not been gone long before it rained hard. Her sisters were uneasy for her, but her mother was delighted.
extort - extorquer
acknowledgment - l'accusé de réception, aveu, confession, reconnaissance
horseback - a cheval, a cheval
cheerful - joyeux, content, de bonne humeur
prognostics - pronostics, pronostique
uneasy - mal a l'aise, inquiet
The rain continued the whole evening without intermission; Jane certainly could not come back.
intermission - l'entracte, intermede, interlude, entracte
"This was a lucky idea of mine, indeed!" said Mrs. Bennet more than once, as if the credit of making it rain were all her own. Till the next morning, however, she was not aware of all the felicity of her contrivance. Breakfast was scarcely over when a servant from Netherfield brought the following note for Elizabeth:
aware - conscient, attentif, vigilant, en éveil, en alerte
contrivance - artifice, appareil, dispositif, stratageme
"MY DEAREST LIZZY,-
"I find myself very unwell this morning, which, I suppose, is to be imputed to my getting wet through yesterday. My kind friends will not hear of my returning till I am better. They insist also on my seeing Mr. Jones-therefore do not be alarmed if you should hear of his having been to me-and, excepting a sore throat and headache, there is not much the matter with me.-Yours, etc."
unwell - malaise, souffrant
imputed - imputé, imputer
insist - insister
be alarmed - etre alarmé
sore throat - un mal de gorge
"Well, my dear," said Mr. Bennet, when Elizabeth had read the note aloud, "if your daughter should have a dangerous fit of illness-if she should die, it would be a comfort to know that it was all in pursuit of Mr. Bingley, and under your orders."
comfort - le confort, confort, consoler
pursuit - poursuite
"Oh! I am not afraid of her dying. People do not die of little trifling colds. She will be taken good care of. As long as she stays there, it is all very well. I would go and see her if I could have the carriage."
dying - teignant, mourant, (dye) teignant
trifling - insignifiant, futile, (trifle), bagatelle, broutille, babiole
Elizabeth, feeling really anxious, was determined to go to her, though the carriage was not to be had; and as she was no horsewoman, walking was her only alternative. She declared her resolution.
horsewoman - cavaliere, écuyere
resolution - conviction, résolution, détermination
"How can you be so silly," cried her mother, "as to think of such a thing, in all this dirt! You will not be fit to be seen when you get there."
dirt - la saleté, saleté, ordure, terre, boue, salissure, tache
be fit - etre en forme
"I shall be very fit to see Jane-which is all I want."
"Is this a hint to me, Lizzy," said her father, "to send for the horses?"
hint - indice, indication, soupçon, faire allusion
send for - envoyer pour
"No, indeed, I do not wish to avoid the walk. The distance is nothing when one has a motive; only three miles. I shall be back by dinner."
motive - motif, mobile, theme, motiver, moteur, mouvant
"I admire the activity of your benevolence," observed Mary, "but every impulse of feeling should be guided by reason; and, in my opinion, exertion should always be in proportion to what is required."
benevolence - la bienveillance, bienveillance, bénévolence
impulse - impulsion
exertion - l'effort, effort, dépense
proportion - proportion
required - nécessaires, exiger, demander, avoir besoin de, requérir
"We will go as far as Meryton with you," said Catherine and Lydia. Elizabeth accepted their company, and the three young ladies set off together.
"If we make haste," said Lydia, as they walked along, "perhaps we may see something of Captain Carter before he goes."
haste - hâte
In Meryton they parted; the two youngest repaired to the lodgings of one of the officers'wives, and Elizabeth continued her walk alone, crossing field after field at a quick pace, jumping over stiles and springing over puddles with impatient activity, and finding herself at last within view of the house, with weary ankles, dirty stockings, and a face glowing with the warmth of exercise.
pace - rythme, pas
jumping over - en sautant par-dessus
stiles - stiles, échalier
puddles - des flaques d'eau, flaque, flaque d'eau, gouille
weary - fatigué, las, lasser
stockings - bas
glowing - rayonnante, briller, luire, irradier, lueur
warmth - chaleur
She was shown into the breakfast-parlour, where all but Jane were assembled, and where her appearance created a great deal of surprise. That she should have walked three miles so early in the day, in such dirty weather, and by herself, was almost incredible to Mrs. Hurst and Miss Bingley; and Elizabeth was convinced that they held her in contempt for it.
parlour - salon
contempt - le mépris, mépris, outrage
She was received, however, very politely by them; and in their brother's manners there was something better than politeness; there was good humour and kindness. Mr. Darcy said very little, and Mr. Hurst nothing at all. The former was divided between admiration of the brilliancy which exercise had given to her complexion, and doubt as to the occasion's justifying her coming so far alone.
politely - poliment
divided - divisé, diviser, fendre, partager
brilliancy - brillance
complexion - le teint, teint, complexion
justifying - justifier
The latter was thinking only of his breakfast.
Her inquiries after her sister were not very favourably answered. Miss Bennet had slept ill, and though up, was very feverish, and not well enough to leave her room. Elizabeth was glad to be taken to her immediately; and Jane, who had only been withheld by the fear of giving alarm or inconvenience from expressing in her note how much she longed for such a visit, was delighted at her entrance.
inquiries - des demandes de renseignements, enquete
favourably - favorablement
feverish - fébrile, fiévreux
withheld - retenu, retenir
alarm - alarme, réveille-matin, réveil, alarmer, donner/sonner l'alerte
inconvenience - inconvénients, dérangement, désagrément
longed for - désiré
She was not equal, however, to much conversation, and when Miss Bingley left them together, could attempt little besides expressions of gratitude for the extraordinary kindness she was treated with. Elizabeth silently attended her.
besides - d'ailleurs, aupres
treated - traité, négocier, traiter, régaler, guérir
silently - en silence, silencieusement
When breakfast was over they were joined by the sisters; and Elizabeth began to like them herself, when she saw how much affection and solicitude they showed for Jane.
solicitude - sollicitude
The apothecary came, and having examined his patient, said, as might be supposed, that she had caught a violent cold, and that they must endeavour to get the better of it; advised her to return to bed, and promised her some draughts. The advice was followed readily, for the feverish symptoms increased, and her head ached acutely.
apothecary - apothicaire
examined - examinés, examiner
violent - violent, vif
advised - conseillé, conseiller, renseigner
readily - facilement, volontiers, aisément
symptoms - des symptômes, symptôme
ached - a souffert, douleur
acutely - avec acuité
Elizabeth did not quit her room for a moment; nor were the other ladies often absent; the gentlemen being out, they had, in fact, nothing to do elsewhere.
quit - démissionner, quittons, quittez, démissioner, quittent
absent - absente, absent
elsewhere - ailleurs
When the clock struck three, Elizabeth felt that she must go, and very unwillingly said so. Miss Bingley offered her the carriage, and she only wanted a little pressing to accept it, when Jane testified such concern in parting with her, that Miss Bingley was obliged to convert the offer of the chaise to an invitation to remain at Netherfield for the present.
unwillingly - a l'insu de son plein gré
pressing - pressant, (pres) pressant
testified - a témoigné, témoigner, attester
concern - inquiétude, souci, soin, préoccupation, concerner
convert - se convertir, convertir, reconverti
Elizabeth most thankfully consented, and a servant was dispatched to Longbourn to acquaint the family with her stay and bring back a supply of clothes.
consented - a consenti, consentir, approuver, agréer, consentement
At five o'clock the two ladies retired to dress, and at half-past six Elizabeth was summoned to dinner. To the civil inquiries which then poured in, and amongst which she had the pleasure of distinguishing the much superior solicitude of Mr. Bingley's, she could not make a very favourable answer. Jane was by no means better.
retired - a la retraite, prendre sa retraite
summoned - convoqué, convoquer
poured in - versée
distinguishing - distinguer
The sisters, on hearing this, repeated three or four times how much they were grieved, how shocking it was to have a bad cold, and how excessively they disliked being ill themselves; and then thought no more of the matter: and their indifference towards Jane when not immediately before them restored Elizabeth to the enjoyment of all her former dislike.
disliked - n'a pas aimé, antipathie, ne pas aimer
restored - restaurée, restaurer, rétablir, rendre, restituer
enjoyment - jouissance, plaisir
Their brother, indeed, was the only one of the party whom she could regard with any complacency. His anxiety for Jane was evident, and his attentions to herself most pleasing, and they prevented her feeling herself so much an intruder as she believed she was considered by the others. She had very little notice from any but him. Miss Bingley was engrossed by Mr.
anxiety - l'anxiété, anxiété, inquiétude, angoisse
most pleasing - le plus agréable
intruder - intrus, importun
Darcy, her sister scarcely less so; and as for Mr. Hurst, by whom Elizabeth sat, he was an indolent man, who lived only to eat, drink, and play at cards; who, when he found her to prefer a plain dish to a ragout, had nothing to say to her.
play at cards - jouer aux cartes
ragout - ragout
When dinner was over, she returned directly to Jane, and Miss Bingley began abusing her as soon as she was out of the room. Her manners were pronounced to be very bad indeed, a mixture of pride and impertinence; she had no conversation, no style, no beauty. Mrs. Hurst thought the same, and added:
abusing - abuser (de)
"She has nothing, in short, to recommend her, but being an excellent walker. I shall never forget her appearance this morning. She really looked almost wild."
walker - marcheur
"She did, indeed, Louisa. I could hardly keep my countenance. Very nonsensical to come at all! Why must she be scampering about the country, because her sister had a cold? Her hair, so untidy, so blowsy!"
nonsensical - absurde
scampering - des escroqueries, détaler
untidy - débraillé, négligé, désordonné, bordélique
blowsy - soufflé
"Yes, and her petticoat; I hope you saw her petticoat, six inches deep in mud, I am absolutely certain; and the gown which had been let down to hide it not doing its office."
petticoat - cotillon, jupon, combinaison
inches - pouces, pouce
mud - de la boue, boue, bourbe, vase
absolutely certain - absolument certain
let down - déçu
"Your picture may be very exact, Louisa," said Bingley; "but this was all lost upon me. I thought Miss Elizabeth Bennet looked remarkably well when she came into the room this morning. Her dirty petticoat quite escaped my notice."
escaped - s'est échappé, échapper, s'échapper, éviter, tirer
"You observed it, Mr. Darcy, I am sure," said Miss Bingley; "and I am inclined to think that you would not wish to see your sister make such an exhibition."
exhibition - exposition
"To walk three miles, or four miles, or five miles, or whatever it is, above her ankles in dirt, and alone, quite alone! What could she mean by it? It seems to me to show an abominable sort of conceited independence, a most country-town indifference to decorum."
whatever - quoi qu'il en soit, quel que soit, n'importe quel
abominable - abominable
Independence - l'indépendance, indépendance
decorum - le décorum, décorum
"It shows an affection for her sister that is very pleasing," said Bingley.
"I am afraid, Mr. Darcy," observed Miss Bingley in a half whisper, "that this adventure has rather affected your admiration of her fine eyes."
whisper - chuchotement, chuchoter, susurrer, murmurer
"Not at all," he replied; "they were brightened by the exercise." A short pause followed this speech, and Mrs. Hurst began again:
"I have an excessive regard for Miss Jane Bennet, she is really a very sweet girl, and I wish with all my heart she were well settled. But with such a father and mother, and such low connections, I am afraid there is no chance of it."
excessive - excessif
"I think I have heard you say that their uncle is an attorney in Meryton."
"Yes; and they have another, who lives somewhere near Cheapside."
"That is capital," added her sister, and they both laughed heartily.
heartily - chaleureusement
"If they had uncles enough to fill all Cheapside," cried Bingley, "it would not make them one jot less agreeable."
jot - jot, biffer, noter au brouillon
"But it must very materially lessen their chance of marrying men of any consideration in the world," replied Darcy.
materially - matériellement
lessen - amoindrir, atténuer, diminuer, réduire
To this speech Bingley made no answer; but his sisters gave it their hearty assent, and indulged their mirth for some time at the expense of their dear friend's vulgar relations.
assent - l'assentiment, assentir, assentiment
indulged - se sont-ils laissés aller, céder, succomber, dorloter, gâter
mirth - l'humour, gaieté
expense - dépenses, dépense
vulgar - vulgaire, obscene
relations - relations, relation, parent, parente
With a renewal of tenderness, however, they returned to her room on leaving the dining-parlour, and sat with her till summoned to coffee. She was still very poorly, and Elizabeth would not quit her at all, till late in the evening, when she had the comfort of seeing her sleep, and when it seemed to her rather right than pleasant that she should go downstairs herself.
renewal - renouvellement, renouvelement
tenderness - tendresse
dining - dîner
poorly - médiocre
go downstairs - descendre en bas
On entering the drawing-room she found the whole party at loo, and was immediately invited to join them; but suspecting them to be playing high she declined it, and making her sister the excuse, said she would amuse herself for the short time she could stay below, with a book. Mr. Hurst looked at her with astonishment.
loo - loo, toilettes
"Do you prefer reading to cards?" said he; "that is rather singular."
singular - singulier
"Miss Eliza Bennet," said Miss Bingley, "despises cards. She is a great reader, and has no pleasure in anything else."
despises - méprise, mépriser, dédaigner
"I deserve neither such praise nor such censure," cried Elizabeth; "I am not a great reader, and I have pleasure in many things."
deserve - mériter
censure - censure, décrier, checkcensurer
"In nursing your sister I am sure you have pleasure," said Bingley; "and I hope it will be soon increased by seeing her quite well."
Elizabeth thanked him from her heart, and then walked towards the table where a few books were lying. He immediately offered to fetch her others-all that his library afforded.
fetch - chercher, apporter, aveignez, amener, aveignent, apportons
afforded - de l'entreprise, permettre
"And I wish my collection were larger for your benefit and my own credit; but I am an idle fellow, and though I have not many, I have more than I ever looked into."
idle - au ralenti, fainéant
fellow - un camarade, ensemble, mâle
Elizabeth assured him that she could suit herself perfectly with those in the room.
assured - assurée, assurerent, assura, assurai
"I am astonished," said Miss Bingley, "that my father should have left so small a collection of books. What a delightful library you have at Pemberley, Mr. Darcy!"
delightful - délicieux
"It ought to be good," he replied, "it has been the work of many generations."
generations - générations, génération, création
"And then you have added so much to it yourself, you are always buying books."
"I cannot comprehend the neglect of a family library in such days as these."
comprehend - comprendre
"Neglect! I am sure you neglect nothing that can add to the beauties of that noble place. Charles, when you build your house, I wish it may be half as delightful as Pemberley."
beauties - des beautés, beauté
Charles - charles
"I wish it may."
"But I would really advise you to make your purchase in that neighbourhood, and take Pemberley for a kind of model. There is not a finer county in England than Derbyshire."
advise - conseiller, renseigner
"With all my heart; I will buy Pemberley itself if Darcy will sell it."
"I am talking of possibilities, Charles."
"Upon my word, Caroline, I should think it more possible to get Pemberley by purchase than by imitation."
more possible - plus possible
imitation - imitation
Elizabeth was so much caught with what passed, as to leave her very little attention for her book; and soon laying it wholly aside, she drew near the card-table, and stationed herself between Mr. Bingley and his eldest sister, to observe the game.
laying - pose, (lay) pose
wholly - entierement
aside - a part, a côté, en passant, aparté
card-table - (card-table) table de cartes
observe - observer, remarquer, respecter, garder
"Is Miss Darcy much grown since the spring?" said Miss Bingley; "will she be as tall as I am?"
"I think she will. She is now about Miss Elizabeth Bennet's height, or rather taller."
"How I long to see her again! I never met with anybody who delighted me so much. Such a countenance, such manners! And so extremely accomplished for her age! Her performance on the pianoforte is exquisite."
pianoforte - pianoforte, piano
exquisite - exquis
"It is amazing to me," said Bingley, "how young ladies can have patience to be so very accomplished as they all are."
patience - la patience, patience
"All young ladies accomplished! My dear Charles, what do you mean?"
"Yes, all of them, I think. They all paint tables, cover screens, and net purses. I scarcely know anyone who cannot do all this, and I am sure I never heard a young lady spoken of for the first time, without being informed that she was very accomplished."
net - net, réseau, filet
purses - sacs a main, bourse, portemonnaie, portefeuille, sac a main
informed - informé, informer, avertir (de)
"Your list of the common extent of accomplishments," said Darcy, "has too much truth. The word is applied to many a woman who deserves it no otherwise than by netting a purse or covering a screen. But I am very far from agreeing with you in your estimation of ladies in general. I cannot boast of knowing more than half-a-dozen, in the whole range of my acquaintance, that are really accomplished."
extent - mesure, étendue
deserves - mérite, mériter
otherwise - autrement
netting - filet, (net) filet
purse - sac a main, bourse, portemonnaie, portefeuille, sac a main
estimation - estimation
boast - se vanter, vantent, vantez, vantons, fanfaronner, vanter
dozen - douzaine, dizaine
range - chaîne (de montagnes), cuisiniere, sélection, gamme, champ
"Nor I, I am sure," said Miss Bingley.
"Then," observed Elizabeth, "you must comprehend a great deal in your idea of an accomplished woman."
"Yes, I do comprehend a great deal in it."
"Oh! certainly," cried his faithful assistant, "no one can be really esteemed accomplished who does not greatly surpass what is usually met with.
faithful - fidele, fidele, loyal
esteemed - estimé, estime, respect, respecter
surpass - surpasser, dépasser, excéder
A woman must have a thorough knowledge of music, singing, drawing, dancing, and the modern languages, to deserve the word; and besides all this, she must possess a certain something in her air and manner of walking, the tone of her voice, her address and expressions, or the word will be but half-deserved."
thorough - approfondi, minutieux, soigné, exhaustif
possess - posséder, s'emparer de
tone - ton, tonalité, tonale
deserved - mérité, mériter
"All this she must possess," added Darcy, "and to all this she must yet add something more substantial, in the improvement of her mind by extensive reading."
more substantial - plus substantielle
improvement - l'amélioration, amélioration
extensive - étendu
"I am no longer surprised at your knowing only six accomplished women. I rather wonder now at your knowing any."
"Are you so severe upon your own sex as to doubt the possibility of all this?"
sex - le sexe, sexe
"I never saw such a woman. I never saw such capacity, and taste, and application, and elegance, as you describe united."
capacity - capacité
elegance - l'élégance, élégance, grâce, finesse
Mrs. Hurst and Miss Bingley both cried out against the injustice of her implied doubt, and were both protesting that they knew many women who answered this description, when Mr. Hurst called them to order, with bitter complaints of their inattention to what was going forward. As all conversation was thereby at an end, Elizabeth soon afterwards left the room.
injustice - l'injustice, injustice
implied - implicite, impliquer, insinuer, sous-entendre
protesting - protester, protestation, manifestation
Bitter - amere, amer, saumâtre
complaints - plaintes, plainte, réclamation, porter plainte
inattention - l'inattention, inattention, décourtoisie, discourtoisie
"Elizabeth Bennet," said Miss Bingley, when the door was closed on her, "is one of those young ladies who seek to recommend themselves to the other sex by undervaluing their own; and with many men, I dare say, it succeeds. But, in my opinion, it is a paltry device, a very mean art."
paltry - dérisoire, misérable
"Undoubtedly," replied Darcy, to whom this remark was chiefly addressed, "there is a meanness in all the arts which ladies sometimes condescend to employ for captivation. Whatever bears affinity to cunning is despicable."
remark - remarque, remarquent, remarquez, remarquons
chiefly - principalement, surtout
meanness - la méchanceté, abjection
condescend to - de condescendance
captivation - captivation
affinity - affinité
cunning - astucieux, rusé
despicable - abject, détestable, méprisable
Miss Bingley was not so entirely satisfied with this reply as to continue the subject.
Elizabeth joined them again only to say that her sister was worse, and that she could not leave her. Bingley urged Mr. Jones being sent for immediately; while his sisters, convinced that no country advice could be of any service, recommended an express to town for one of the most eminent physicians.
urged - pressé, pulsion, pousser, inciter, provoquer, insister
physicians - médecins, médecin, femme médecin, docteur
This she would not hear of; but she was not so unwilling to comply with their brother's proposal; and it was settled that Mr. Jones should be sent for early in the morning, if Miss Bennet were not decidedly better. Bingley was quite uncomfortable; his sisters declared that they were miserable.
comply - se conformer, respecter, acquiescer
proposal - proposition, demande en mariage
decidedly - résolument, décidément, clairement
uncomfortable - inconfortable
miserable - misérable
They solaced their wretchedness, however, by duets after supper, while he could find no better relief to his feelings than by giving his housekeeper directions that every attention might be paid to the sick lady and her sister.
solaced - solitaire, consolation, réconfort
wretchedness - la misere
duets - des duos, duo, duetto
supper - dîner, souper
relief - secours, allégement, relief, soulagement
housekeeper - femme de ménage, gouvernante, ménagere
Elizabeth passed the chief of the night in her sister's room, and in the morning had the pleasure of being able to send a tolerable answer to the inquiries which she very early received from Mr. Bingley by a housemaid, and some time afterwards from the two elegant ladies who waited on his sisters.
chief - chef
housemaid - femme de ménage
In spite of this amendment, however, she requested to have a note sent to Longbourn, desiring her mother to visit Jane, and form her own judgement of her situation. The note was immediately dispatched, and its contents as quickly complied with. Mrs. Bennet, accompanied by her two youngest girls, reached Netherfield soon after the family breakfast.
amendment - amendement, avenant
desiring - désirant, désirer, désir
Contents - contenu, satisfait
complied - s'est-elle conformée, se conformer, respecter, acquiescer
accompanied - accompagné, accompagner
Had she found Jane in any apparent danger, Mrs. Bennet would have been very miserable; but being satisfied on seeing her that her illness was not alarming, she had no wish of her recovering immediately, as her restoration to health would probably remove her from Netherfield.
apparent - apparente, apparent, visible, manifeste, criant, évident
alarming - alarmante, alarme, réveille-matin, réveil, alarmer, fr
recovering - en cours de rétablissement, recouvrer (la santé)
restoration - restauration
She would not listen, therefore, to her daughter's proposal of being carried home; neither did the apothecary, who arrived about the same time, think it at all advisable. After sitting a little while with Jane, on Miss Bingley's appearance and invitation, the mother and three daughters all attended her into the breakfast parlour. Bingley met them with hopes that Mrs.
advisable - est-il souhaitable
Bennet had not found Miss Bennet worse than she expected.
"Indeed I have, sir," was her answer. "She is a great deal too ill to be moved. Mr. Jones says we must not think of moving her. We must trespass a little longer on your kindness."
trespass - l'intrusion, déborder
"Removed!" cried Bingley. "It must not be thought of. My sister, I am sure, will not hear of her removal."
removal - l'éloignement, enlevement, élimination, prélevement
"You may depend upon it, Madam," said Miss Bingley, with cold civility, "that Miss Bennet will receive every possible attention while she remains with us."
madam - madame, mere maquerelle, tenanciere
civility - civilité, politesse
remains - reste, rester, demeurer
Mrs. Bennet was profuse in her acknowledgments.
acknowledgments - remerciements, aveu, confession, reconnaissance, récompense
"I am sure," she added, "if it was not for such good friends I do not know what would become of her, for she is very ill indeed, and suffers a vast deal, though with the greatest patience in the world, which is always the way with her, for she has, without exception, the sweetest temper I have ever met with. I often tell my other girls they are nothing to her. You have a sweet room here, Mr.
suffers - souffre, souffrir, souffrir de, pâtir de, endurer
vast - vaste
exception - exception
Bingley, and a charming prospect over the gravel walk. I do not know a place in the country that is equal to Netherfield. You will not think of quitting it in a hurry, I hope, though you have but a short lease."
prospect - prospect, perspective, prospecter
gravel walk - Chemin de gravier
hurry - se dépecher, précipitation, hâte
lease - bail, baillons, baillez, baillent, affermer, bailler
"Whatever I do is done in a hurry," replied he; "and therefore if I should resolve to quit Netherfield, I should probably be off in five minutes. At present, however, I consider myself as quite fixed here."
resolve - résoudre, résolvons, résolvent, résolvez
"That is exactly what I should have supposed of you," said Elizabeth.
"You begin to comprehend me, do you?" cried he, turning towards her.
"Oh! yes-I understand you perfectly."
"I wish I might take this for a compliment; but to be so easily seen through I am afraid is pitiful."
seen through - vu a travers
pitiful - pitoyable
"That is as it happens. It does not follow that a deep, intricate character is more or less estimable than such a one as yours."
intricate - complexe
estimable - estimable
"Lizzy," cried her mother, "remember where you are, and do not run on in the wild manner that you are suffered to do at home."
suffered - souffert, souffrir, souffrir de, pâtir de, endurer
"I did not know before," continued Bingley immediately, "that you were a studier of character. It must be an amusing study."
studier - étudiant
amusing - amusant, amuser
"Yes, but intricate characters are the most amusing. They have at least that advantage."
most amusing - le plus amusant
"The country," said Darcy, "can in general supply but a few subjects for such a study. In a country neighbourhood you move in a very confined and unvarying society."
confined - confiné, confiner, limite
unvarying - invariable
"But people themselves alter so much, that there is something new to be observed in them for ever."
alter - modifier, altérent, altérez, altérer, altérons
"Yes, indeed," cried Mrs. Bennet, offended by his manner of mentioning a country neighbourhood. "I assure you there is quite as much of that going on in the country as in town."
offended - offensée, offenser, déplaire, blesser, fr
Everybody was surprised, and Darcy, after looking at her for a moment, turned silently away. Mrs. Bennet, who fancied she had gained a complete victory over him, continued her triumph.
Gained - gagné, gagner
victory - victoire
triumph - triomphe, triomphal
"I cannot see that London has any great advantage over the country, for my part, except the shops and public places. The country is a vast deal pleasanter, is it not, Mr. Bingley?"
pleasanter - plus agréable, agréable, plaisant
"When I am in the country," he replied, "I never wish to leave it; and when I am in town it is pretty much the same. They have each their advantages, and I can be equally happy in either."
"Aye-that is because you have the right disposition. But that gentleman," looking at Darcy, "seemed to think the country was nothing at all."
"Indeed, Mamma, you are mistaken," said Elizabeth, blushing for her mother. "You quite mistook Mr. Darcy. He only meant that there was not such a variety of people to be met with in the country as in the town, which you must acknowledge to be true."
are mistaken - Se tromper
blushing - rougir, (blush) rougir
"Certainly, my dear, nobody said there were; but as to not meeting with many people in this neighbourhood, I believe there are few neighbourhoods larger. I know we dine with four-and-twenty families."
Nothing but concern for Elizabeth could enable Bingley to keep his countenance. His sister was less delicate, and directed her eyes towards Mr. Darcy with a very expressive smile. Elizabeth, for the sake of saying something that might turn her mother's thoughts, now asked her if Charlotte Lucas had been at Longbourn since her coming away.
enable - autoriser, permettre, activer
delicate - délicate, délicat, délicat (1, 2)
expressive - expressif
sake - du saké, dans l'intéret de qqn
"Yes, she called yesterday with her father. What an agreeable man Sir William is, Mr. Bingley, is not he? So much the man of fashion! So genteel and easy! He has always something to say to everybody. That is my idea of good breeding; and those persons who fancy themselves very important, and never open their mouths, quite mistake the matter."
genteel - gentillesse, a la mode
fancy - fantaisie, imaginer, songer
"Did Charlotte dine with you?"
"No, she would go home. I fancy she was wanted about the mince-pies. For my part, Mr. Bingley, I always keep servants that can do their own work; my daughters are brought up very differently. But everybody is to judge for themselves, and the Lucases are a very good sort of girls, I assure you. It is a pity they are not handsome!
mince - haché, hachis, viande hachée, hacher
pies - tartes, tarte
judge - juge, juger
pity - compassion, pitié, dommage, honte, plaindre, avoir pitié de
Not that I think Charlotte so very plain-but then she is our particular friend."
"She seems a very pleasant young woman."
"Oh! dear, yes; but you must own she is very plain. Lady Lucas herself has often said so, and envied me Jane's beauty. I do not like to boast of my own child, but to be sure, Jane-one does not often see anybody better looking. It is what everybody says. I do not trust my own partiality.
envied - envié, envie, jalousie, convoitise, envier
trust - confiance, trust, faire confiance, avoir foi en quelqu’un
partiality - partialité
When she was only fifteen, there was a man at my brother Gardiner's in town so much in love with her that my sister-in-law was sure he would make her an offer before we came away. But, however, he did not. Perhaps he thought her too young. However, he wrote some verses on her, and very pretty they were."
verses - versets, strophe
"And so ended his affection," said Elizabeth impatiently. "There has been many a one, I fancy, overcome in the same way. I wonder who first discovered the efficacy of poetry in driving away love!"
overcome - vaincre, surmonter, envahir
efficacy - l'efficacité, efficience, efficacité
poetry - de la poésie, poésie
driving away - qui s'en va
"I have been used to consider poetry as the food of love," said Darcy.
"Of a fine, stout, healthy love it may. Everything nourishes what is strong already. But if it be only a slight, thin sort of inclination, I am convinced that one good sonnet will starve it entirely away."
stout - stout, solide
nourishes - nourrit, nourrir
inclination - inclinaison, checktendance
sonnet - sonnet
starve - mourir de faim, crever de faim, crever la dalle, affamer
Darcy only smiled; and the general pause which ensued made Elizabeth tremble lest her mother should be exposing herself again. She longed to speak, but could think of nothing to say; and after a short silence Mrs. Bennet began repeating her thanks to Mr. Bingley for his kindness to Jane, with an apology for troubling him also with Lizzy. Mr.
ensued - s'ensuivit, résulter, découler
tremble - trembler, vibrer, tremblement, vibration
exposing - exposer, dénoncer
apology - des excuses, excuse, apologie
Bingley was unaffectedly civil in his answer, and forced his younger sister to be civil also, and say what the occasion required. She performed her part indeed without much graciousness, but Mrs. Bennet was satisfied, and soon afterwards ordered her carriage. Upon this signal, the youngest of her daughters put herself forward.
unaffectedly - sans affectation
graciousness - gracieuseté, affabilité, aménité
signal - signal, signaler
The two girls had been whispering to each other during the whole visit, and the result of it was, that the youngest should tax Mr. Bingley with having promised on his first coming into the country to give a ball at Netherfield.
whispering - chuchotement, (whisper), chuchoter, susurrer
tax - l'impôt, impot, impôt, prestation
Lydia was a stout, well-grown girl of fifteen, with a fine complexion and good-humoured countenance; a favourite with her mother, whose affection had brought her into public at an early age.
She had high animal spirits, and a sort of natural self-consequence, which the attention of the officers, to whom her uncle's good dinners, and her own easy manners recommended her, had increased into assurance. She was very equal, therefore, to address Mr.
assurance - l'assurance, assurance, culot
Bingley on the subject of the ball, and abruptly reminded him of his promise; adding, that it would be the most shameful thing in the world if he did not keep it. His answer to this sudden attack was delightful to their mother's ear:
abruptly - brusquement, abruptement, tout d'un coup, précipitamment
reminded - rappelée, rappeler
most shameful - le plus honteux
sudden - soudain, soudaine, subit
"I am perfectly ready, I assure you, to keep my engagement; and when your sister is recovered, you shall, if you please, name the very day of the ball. But you would not wish to be dancing when she is ill."
engagement - l'engagement, fiançailles
recovered - récupéré, recouvrer (la santé)
Lydia declared herself satisfied. "Oh! yes-it would be much better to wait till Jane was well, and by that time most likely Captain Carter would be at Meryton again. And when you have given your ball," she added, "I shall insist on their giving one also. I shall tell Colonel Forster it will be quite a shame if he does not."
shame - la honte, honte, vergogne
Mrs. Bennet and her daughters then departed, and Elizabeth returned instantly to Jane, leaving her own and her relations'behaviour to the remarks of the two ladies and Mr. Darcy; the latter of whom, however, could not be prevailed on to join in their censure of her, in spite of all Miss Bingley's witticisms on fine eyes.
departed - parti, partir, s’en aller, dévier, quitter
remarks - remarques, remarque
prevailed - a prévalu, dominer, prévaloir, l'emporter, prédominer
witticisms - des traits d'esprit, mot d'esprit, trait d'esprit
The day passed much as the day before had done. Mrs. Hurst and Miss Bingley had spent some hours of the morning with the invalid, who continued, though slowly, to mend; and in the evening Elizabeth joined their party in the drawing-room. The loo-table, however, did not appear. Mr.
invalid - invalide, périmé
mend - réparer, raccommoder, rapiécer, s'améliorer
Darcy was writing, and Miss Bingley, seated near him, was watching the progress of his letter and repeatedly calling off his attention by messages to his sister. Mr. Hurst and Mr. Bingley were at piquet, and Mrs. Hurst was observing their game.
repeatedly - de façon répétée
calling off - annuler
piquet - piquet
Elizabeth took up some needlework, and was sufficiently amused in attending to what passed between Darcy and his companion. The perpetual commendations of the lady, either on his handwriting, or on the evenness of his lines, or on the length of his letter, with the perfect unconcern with which her praises were received, formed a curious dialogue, and was exactly in union with her opinion of each.
needlework - des travaux d'aiguille, couture, travaux d'aiguille, ouvrage
amused - amusé, amuser
perpetual - perpétuel
handwriting - l'écriture, écriture de main
evenness - planéité
praises - des louanges, louange, louer, féliciter, prôner
Curious - vous etes curieux, curieux, intéressant, singulier
Union - l'union, union, groupement, connexion, réunion
"How delighted Miss Darcy will be to receive such a letter!"
He made no answer.
"You write uncommonly fast."
"You are mistaken. I write rather slowly."
"How many letters you must have occasion to write in the course of a year! Letters of business, too! How odious I should think them!"
odious - odieux
"It is fortunate, then, that they fall to my lot instead of yours."
"Pray tell your sister that I long to see her."
"I have already told her so once, by your desire."
"I am afraid you do not like your pen. Let me mend it for you. I mend pens remarkably well."
"Thank you-but I always mend my own."
"How can you contrive to write so even?"
contrive - de l'argent, combiner, inventer
He was silent.
"Tell your sister I am delighted to hear of her improvement on the harp; and pray let her know that I am quite in raptures with her beautiful little design for a table, and I think it infinitely superior to Miss Grantley's."
harp - harpe
infinitely - a l'infini
"Will you give me leave to defer your raptures till I write again? At present I have not room to do them justice."
defer - reporter, différons, différez, (def) reporter
justice - justice, équité, conseiller
"Oh! it is of no consequence. I shall see her in January. But do you always write such charming long letters to her, Mr. Darcy?"
"They are generally long; but whether always charming it is not for me to determine."
determine - déterminer
"It is a rule with me, that a person who can write a long letter with ease, cannot write ill."
"That will not do for a compliment to Darcy, Caroline," cried her brother, "because he does not write with ease. He studies too much for words of four syllables. Do not you, Darcy?"
syllables - syllabes, syllabe
"My style of writing is very different from yours."
"Oh!" cried Miss Bingley, "Charles writes in the most careless way imaginable. He leaves out half his words, and blots the rest."
most careless - Le plus négligent
imaginable - imaginable
leaves out - laisse de côté
blots - taches, tache, (ink) pâté, souillure, tacher
"My ideas flow so rapidly that I have not time to express them-by which means my letters sometimes convey no ideas at all to my correspondents."
flow - flux, coulons, couler, coulez, courant, écoulement
rapidly - rapidement
convey - transmettre, transporter, véhiculer, communiquer
correspondents - correspondants, correspondant, correspondante
"Your humility, Mr. Bingley," said Elizabeth, "must disarm reproof."
humility - l'humilité, humilité
disarm - désarmer
reproof - reproche, semonce
"Nothing is more deceitful," said Darcy, "than the appearance of humility. It is often only carelessness of opinion, and sometimes an indirect boast."
deceitful - trompeuse
carelessness - l'insouciance, négligence, incurie
indirect - indirecte, indirect
"And which of the two do you call my little recent piece of modesty?"
modesty - la modestie, modestie
"The indirect boast; for you are really proud of your defects in writing, because you consider them as proceeding from a rapidity of thought and carelessness of execution, which, if not estimable, you think at least highly interesting. The power of doing anything with quickness is always prized much by the possessor, and often without any attention to the imperfection of the performance.
proceeding - la poursuite de la procédure, acte, (proceed), avancer
rapidity - rapidité, célérité
execution - l'exécution, exécution
possessor - possesseur, possessrice
When you told Mrs. Bennet this morning that if you ever resolved upon quitting Netherfield you should be gone in five minutes, you meant it to be a sort of panegyric, of compliment to yourself-and yet what is there so very laudable in a precipitance which must leave very necessary business undone, and can be of no real advantage to yourself or anyone else?"
resolved - résolu, prendre la résolution de
panegyric - panégyrique
laudable - louable
precipitance - précipitation
undone - défait, défaire
"Nay," cried Bingley, "this is too much, to remember at night all the foolish things that were said in the morning. And yet, upon my honour, I believe what I said of myself to be true, and I believe it at this moment. At least, therefore, I did not assume the character of needless precipitance merely to show off before the ladies."
assume - supposer, présupposer, présumer, assumer, adopter, prendre
needless - superflu, inutile
"I dare say you believed it; but I am by no means convinced that you would be gone with such celerity. Your conduct would be quite as dependent on chance as that of any man I know; and if, as you were mounting your horse, a friend were to say, 'Bingley, you had better stay till next week,'you would probably do it, you would probably not go-and at another word, might stay a month."
celerity - célérité
conduct - comportement, conduite, se comporter, conduire, mener
dependent - dépendant, dépendante
mounting - montant, monture, ajustage, (mount) montant
"You have only proved by this," cried Elizabeth, "that Mr. Bingley did not do justice to his own disposition. You have shown him off now much more than he did himself."
proved - prouvé, prouver
"I am exceedingly gratified," said Bingley, "by your converting what my friend says into a compliment on the sweetness of my temper. But I am afraid you are giving it a turn which that gentleman did by no means intend; for he would certainly think better of me, if under such a circumstance I were to give a flat denial, and ride off as fast as I could."
exceedingly - excessivement, extremement, énormément
converting - la conversion, convertir
intend - l'intention de, avoir l'intention, envisager, concevoir
denial - négation, dénégation, refus, déni, rejet
"Would Mr. Darcy then consider the rashness of your original intentions as atoned for by your obstinacy in adhering to it?"
rashness - témérité, irréflexion
intentions - intentions, intention
atoned - expié, expier
obstinacy - l'obstination, entetement, obstination
adhering to - a laquelle il adhere
"Upon my word, I cannot exactly explain the matter; Darcy must speak for himself."
"You expect me to account for opinions which you choose to call mine, but which I have never acknowledged. Allowing the case, however, to stand according to your representation, you must remember, Miss Bennet, that the friend who is supposed to desire his return to the house, and the delay of his plan, has merely desired it, asked it without offering one argument in favour of its propriety."
representation - représentation
delay - délai, ajourner, décélération, surseoir, retard, retarder
offering - offre, offrande, (offer)
in favour - en faveur
"To yield readily-easily-to the persuasion of a friend is no merit with you."
yield - le rendement, rends, produit, rendement, rendons, rendent
merit - mérite, mériter
"To yield without conviction is no compliment to the understanding of either."
"You appear to me, Mr. Darcy, to allow nothing for the influence of friendship and affection. A regard for the requester would often make one readily yield to a request, without waiting for arguments to reason one into it. I am not particularly speaking of such a case as you have supposed about Mr. Bingley.
requester - demandeur
We may as well wait, perhaps, till the circumstance occurs before we discuss the discretion of his behaviour thereupon. But in general and ordinary cases between friend and friend, where one of them is desired by the other to change a resolution of no very great moment, should you think ill of that person for complying with the desire, without waiting to be argued into it?"
occurs - se produit, produire
thereupon - a ce sujet, sur ce, la-dessus
complying - se conformer, respecter, acquiescer
"Will it not be advisable, before we proceed on this subject, to arrange with rather more precision the degree of importance which is to appertain to this request, as well as the degree of intimacy subsisting between the parties?"
proceed - avancer, procéder
precision - précision
appertain - s'appliquer, appartenir
intimacy - l'intimité, intimité
subsisting - subsistant, subsister
"By all means," cried Bingley; "let us hear all the particulars, not forgetting their comparative height and size; for that will have more weight in the argument, Miss Bennet, than you may be aware of. I assure you, that if Darcy were not such a great tall fellow, in comparison with myself, I should not pay him half so much deference.
comparative - comparatif
comparison - comparaison, degré
deference - respect, déférence
I declare I do not know a more awful object than Darcy, on particular occasions, and in particular places; at his own house especially, and of a Sunday evening, when he has nothing to do."
occasions - occasions, occasion
Mr. Darcy smiled; but Elizabeth thought she could perceive that he was rather offended, and therefore checked her laugh. Miss Bingley warmly resented the indignity he had received, in an expostulation with her brother for talking such nonsense.
warmly - chaleureusement, chaudement
resented - s'est fait remarquer, s'offenser de qqch
expostulation - expostulation
"I see your design, Bingley," said his friend. "You dislike an argument, and want to silence this."
"Perhaps I do. Arguments are too much like disputes. If you and Miss Bennet will defer yours till I am out of the room, I shall be very thankful; and then you may say whatever you like of me."
disputes - litiges, dispute, litige, discuter, argumenter
thankful - reconnaissant
"What you ask," said Elizabeth, "is no sacrifice on my side; and Mr. Darcy had much better finish his letter."
sacrifice - sacrifier, sacrifice, offrande
Mr. Darcy took her advice, and did finish his letter.
When that business was over, he applied to Miss Bingley and Elizabeth for an indulgence of some music. Miss Bingley moved with some alacrity to the pianoforte; and, after a polite request that Elizabeth would lead the way which the other as politely and more earnestly negatived, she seated herself.
indulgence - indulgence
alacrity - alacrité, empressement, rapidité
lead - du plomb
earnestly - sincerement, sérieusement
Mrs. Hurst sang with her sister, and while they were thus employed, Elizabeth could not help observing, as she turned over some music-books that lay on the instrument, how frequently Mr. Darcy's eyes were fixed on her. She hardly knew how to suppose that she could be an object of admiration to so great a man; and yet that he should look at her because he disliked her, was still more strange.
lay - laique, pondre, pose
frequently - fréquemment
more strange - plus étrange
She could only imagine, however, at last that she drew his notice because there was something more wrong and reprehensible, according to his ideas of right, than in any other person present. The supposition did not pain her. She liked him too little to care for his approbation.
reprehensible - répréhensible
supposition - hypothese, supposition, conjecture
approbation - approbation
After playing some Italian songs, Miss Bingley varied the charm by a lively Scotch air; and soon afterwards Mr. Darcy, drawing near Elizabeth, said to her:
varied - varié, varier
charm - charme, excitation, grâce
"Do not you feel a great inclination, Miss Bennet, to seize such an opportunity of dancing a reel?"
seize - saisir, emparer
reel - reel, bobine, enrouleur, embobiner, enrouler, tituber
She smiled, but made no answer. He repeated the question, with some surprise at her silence.
"Oh!" said she, "I heard you before, but I could not immediately determine what to say in reply. You wanted me, I know, to say 'Yes,'that you might have the pleasure of despising my taste; but I always delight in overthrowing those kind of schemes, and cheating a person of their premeditated contempt.
despising - mépriser, dédaigner
delight in - Se réjouir de
overthrowing - renverser
schemes - des schémas, plan, combine, machination, schéma
cheating - tricherie, tricher
I have, therefore, made up my mind to tell you, that I do not want to dance a reel at all-and now despise me if you dare."
despise - mépriser, dédaigner
"Indeed I do not dare."
Elizabeth, having rather expected to affront him, was amazed at his gallantry; but there was a mixture of sweetness and archness in her manner which made it difficult for her to affront anybody; and Darcy had never been so bewitched by any woman as he was by her. He really believed, that were it not for the inferiority of her connections, he should be in some danger.
affront - affront, défier, jeter le gant, envoyer un cartel
amazed - stupéfait, stupéfier
archness - rouerie
bewitched - ensorcelée, ensorceler, envouter
inferiority - l'infériorité, infériorité
Miss Bingley saw, or suspected enough to be jealous; and her great anxiety for the recovery of her dear friend Jane received some assistance from her desire of getting rid of Elizabeth.
jealous - jaloux, jalouse, envieux, rench:
recovery - récupération, rétablissement, recouvrement, guérison
rid - rid, débarrasser
She often tried to provoke Darcy into disliking her guest, by talking of their supposed marriage, and planning his happiness in such an alliance.
provoke - provoquer
disliking - n'aime pas, antipathie, ne pas aimer
alliance - l'alliance, alliance
"I hope," said she, as they were walking together in the shrubbery the next day, "you will give your mother-in-law a few hints, when this desirable event takes place, as to the advantage of holding her tongue; and if you can compass it, do cure the younger girls of running after officers.
shrubbery - des arbustes, fruticée
hints - indices, indication, soupçon, faire allusion
tongue - langue, languette
compass - boussole, compas
cure - guérir, guérissez, guérissent, cicatriser, guérison
And, if I may mention so delicate a subject, endeavour to check that little something, bordering on conceit and impertinence, which your lady possesses."
bordering - frontalier, frontiere, bord, bordure, délimiter, border
conceit - la vanité, vanité, orgueil, concept
possesses - possede, posséder, s'emparer de
"Have you anything else to propose for my domestic felicity?"
propose - proposer, demander en mariage
domestic - domestique, amily, intérieur
"Oh! yes. Do let the portraits of your uncle and aunt Phillips be placed in the gallery at Pemberley. Put them next to your great-uncle the judge. They are in the same profession, you know, only in different lines. As for your Elizabeth's picture, you must not have it taken, for what painter could do justice to those beautiful eyes?"
portraits - portraits, portrait
great-uncle - (great-uncle) Grand oncle
profession - profession, métier, corps de métier
"It would not be easy, indeed, to catch their expression, but their colour and shape, and the eyelashes, so remarkably fine, might be copied."
eyelashes - cils, cil
At that moment they were met from another walk by Mrs. Hurst and Elizabeth herself.
"I did not know that you intended to walk," said Miss Bingley, in some confusion, lest they had been overheard.
confusion - confusion, désordre, malentendu
"You used us abominably ill," answered Mrs. Hurst, "running away without telling us that you were coming out."
abominably - abominablement
Then taking the disengaged arm of Mr. Darcy, she left Elizabeth to walk by herself. The path just admitted three. Mr. Darcy felt their rudeness, and immediately said:
disengaged - désengagé, désengager
path - chemin, sentier
"This walk is not wide enough for our party. We had better go into the avenue."
avenue - avenue
But Elizabeth, who had not the least inclination to remain with them, laughingly answered:
laughingly - en riant
"No, no; stay where you are. You are charmingly grouped, and appear to uncommon advantage. The picturesque would be spoilt by admitting a fourth. Good-bye."
charmingly - avec charme, irritant
picturesque - pittoresque
spoilt - gâté, pourri, (spoil), gâter, gâcher, tourner, dévoiler
Admitting - admettre, avouer, reconnaître
Good-bye - (Good-bye) Au revoir
She then ran gaily off, rejoicing as she rambled about, in the hope of being at home again in a day or two. Jane was already so much recovered as to intend leaving her room for a couple of hours that evening.
gaily - gaiement
rejoicing - se réjouir, réjouissant, gaieté, (rejoice), réjouir
rambled - divagué, flâner, se balader, divaguer, radoter
When the ladies removed after dinner, Elizabeth ran up to her sister, and seeing her well guarded from cold, attended her into the drawing-room, where she was welcomed by her two friends with many professions of pleasure; and Elizabeth had never seen them so agreeable as they were during the hour which passed before the gentlemen appeared. Their powers of conversation were considerable.
ran up - a couru
professions - professions, profession, métier
considerable - considérable
They could describe an entertainment with accuracy, relate an anecdote with humour, and laugh at their acquaintance with spirit.
entertainment - divertissement
accuracy - l'exactitude, exactitude, précision
relate - se rapporter, concerner
anecdote - anecdote
But when the gentlemen entered, Jane was no longer the first object; Miss Bingley's eyes were instantly turned toward Darcy, and she had something to say to him before he had advanced many steps. He addressed himself to Miss Bennet, with a polite congratulation; Mr. Hurst also made her a slight bow, and said he was "very glad;" but diffuseness and warmth remained for Bingley's salutation.
advanced - avancé, élever, avancer, avancée, progression, progres
congratulation - félicitations, félicitation
bow - l'arc, arc
diffuseness - prolixité
salutation - salutation, titre
He was full of joy and attention. The first half-hour was spent in piling up the fire, lest she should suffer from the change of room; and she removed at his desire to the other side of the fireplace, that she might be further from the door. He then sat down by her, and talked scarcely to anyone else. Elizabeth, at work in the opposite corner, saw it all with great delight.
piling up - qui s'accumulent
fireplace - âtre, foyer, cheminée
delight - plaisir, délice, joie, enchanter, ravir
When tea was over, Mr. Hurst reminded his sister-in-law of the card-table-but in vain. She had obtained private intelligence that Mr. Darcy did not wish for cards; and Mr. Hurst soon found even his open petition rejected. She assured him that no one intended to play, and the silence of the whole party on the subject seemed to justify her. Mr.
obtained - obtenu, obtenir, se procurer, réussir, avoir succes, avoir
petition - pétition, pétitionner
rejected - rejetée, rejeter
justify - justifier
Hurst had therefore nothing to do, but to stretch himself on one of the sofas and go to sleep. Darcy took up a book; Miss Bingley did the same; and Mrs. Hurst, principally occupied in playing with her bracelets and rings, joined now and then in her brother's conversation with Miss Bennet.
stretch - étendre, s'étendre, s'étirer, étirement
sofas - canapés, canapé, sofa
principally - principalement
bracelets - bracelets, bracelet
rings - anneaux, anneau, bague
Miss Bingley's attention was quite as much engaged in watching Mr. Darcy's progress through his book, as in reading her own; and she was perpetually either making some inquiry, or looking at his page. She could not win him, however, to any conversation; he merely answered her question, and read on.
perpetually - perpétuellement
inquiry - demande, enquete
At length, quite exhausted by the attempt to be amused with her own book, which she had only chosen because it was the second volume of his, she gave a great yawn and said, "How pleasant it is to spend an evening in this way! I declare after all there is no enjoyment like reading! How much sooner one tires of anything than of a book!
exhausted - épuisé, épuiser, échappement
volume - volume, tome
yawn - bâiller, béer, bâillement
When I have a house of my own, I shall be miserable if I have not an excellent library."
No one made any reply. She then yawned again, threw aside her book, and cast her eyes round the room in quest for some amusement; when hearing her brother mentioning a ball to Miss Bennet, she turned suddenly towards him and said:
yawned - bâillé, bâiller, béer, bâillement
cast - casting, jeter, diriger, lancer, additionner, sommer, muer
quest - quete, recherche
"By the bye, Charles, are you really serious in meditating a dance at Netherfield? I would advise you, before you determine on it, to consult the wishes of the present party; I am much mistaken if there are not some among us to whom a ball would be rather a punishment than a pleasure."
consult - consulter
"If you mean Darcy," cried her brother, "he may go to bed, if he chooses, before it begins-but as for the ball, it is quite a settled thing; and as soon as Nicholls has made white soup enough, I shall send round my cards."
send round - envoyer
"I should like balls infinitely better," she replied, "if they were carried on in a different manner; but there is something insufferably tedious in the usual process of such a meeting. It would surely be much more rational if conversation instead of dancing were made the order of the day."
insufferably - insupportable
tedious - fastidieux, laborieux
rational - rationnelle, rationnel
"Much more rational, my dear Caroline, I dare say, but it would not be near so much like a ball."
Miss Bingley made no answer, and soon afterwards she got up and walked about the room. Her figure was elegant, and she walked well; but Darcy, at whom it was all aimed, was still inflexibly studious. In the desperation of her feelings, she resolved on one effort more, and, turning to Elizabeth, said:
aimed - visé, viser, pointer
inflexibly - de maniere inflexible
studious - studieux
desperation - le désespoir, désespoir
effort - l'effort, effort
"Miss Eliza Bennet, let me persuade you to follow my example, and take a turn about the room. I assure you it is very refreshing after sitting so long in one attitude."
persuade - persuader, convaincre
turn about - faire demi-tour
refreshing - rafraîchissant, revigorer, rafraîchir
attitude - posture, état d'esprit, attitude
Elizabeth was surprised, but agreed to it immediately. Miss Bingley succeeded no less in the real object of her civility; Mr. Darcy looked up. He was as much awake to the novelty of attention in that quarter as Elizabeth herself could be, and unconsciously closed his book.
awake - éveillé, (se) réveiller, (s')éveiller
novelty - nouveauté
unconsciously - inconsciemment
He was directly invited to join their party, but he declined it, observing that he could imagine but two motives for their choosing to walk up and down the room together, with either of which motives his joining them would interfere. "What could he mean? She was dying to know what could be his meaning?"-and asked Elizabeth whether she could at all understand him?
motives - motivations, motif, mobile, theme, motiver
interfere - meler
"Not at all," was her answer; "but depend upon it, he means to be severe on us, and our surest way of disappointing him will be to ask nothing about it."
disappointing - décevante, décevoir, désappointer
Miss Bingley, however, was incapable of disappointing Mr. Darcy in anything, and persevered therefore in requiring an explanation of his two motives.
incapable - incapable
persevered - persévéré, persévérer
requiring - exigeant, requérant, (require), exiger, demander
"I have not the smallest objection to explaining them," said he, as soon as she allowed him to speak.
"You either choose this method of passing the evening because you are in each other's confidence, and have secret affairs to discuss, or because you are conscious that your figures appear to the greatest advantage in walking; if the first, I would be completely in your way, and if the second, I can admire you much better as I sit by the fire."
confidence - assurance, confiance en soi, confiance, confidence
affairs - affaires, aventure, liaison
conscious - conscient
"Oh! shocking!" cried Miss Bingley. "I never heard anything so abominable. How shall we punish him for such a speech?"
punish - punir, châtier
"Nothing so easy, if you have but the inclination," said Elizabeth. "We can all plague and punish one another. Tease him-laugh at him. Intimate as you are, you must know how it is to be done."
plague - peste, fléau, plaie, calamité, affliger
tease - taquiner
"But upon my honour, I do not. I do assure you that my intimacy has not yet taught me that. Tease calmness of manner and presence of mind! No, no; I feel he may defy us there. And as to laughter, we will not expose ourselves, if you please, by attempting to laugh without a subject. Mr. Darcy may hug himself."
calmness - le calme, calme
presence - présence
defy - défier, désobéir a
expose - exposer, dénoncer
attempting - tenter, essayer, tentative, attentat
hug - embrassade, étreinte, câlin, accolade, étreindre
"Mr. Darcy is not to be laughed at!" cried Elizabeth. "That is an uncommon advantage, and uncommon I hope it will continue, for it would be a great loss to me to have many such acquaintances. I dearly love a laugh."
Loss - perte, déperdition, perdition, déchet, coulage
Dearly - cherement
"Miss Bingley," said he, "has given me more credit than can be. The wisest and the best of men-nay, the wisest and best of their actions-may be rendered ridiculous by a person whose first object in life is a joke."
wisest - le plus sage, sage
"Certainly," replied Elizabeth-"there are such people, but I hope I am not one of them. I hope I never ridicule what is wise and good. Follies and nonsense, whims and inconsistencies, do divert me, I own, and I laugh at them whenever I can. But these, I suppose, are precisely what you are without."
ridicule - ridiculiser, bafouer, ridicule
wise - sage, sensé, genre, raisonnable
whims - des caprices, caprice
divert - détourner, dévier, divertir
precisely - précisément
"Perhaps that is not possible for anyone. But it has been the study of my life to avoid those weaknesses which often expose a strong understanding to ridicule."
weaknesses - les faiblesses, faiblesse, point faible, faible
"Such as vanity and pride."
"Yes, vanity is a weakness indeed. But pride-where there is a real superiority of mind, pride will be always under good regulation."
weakness - faiblesse, point faible
superiority - supériorité
regulation - reglement, reglement, réglementation, régulation
Elizabeth turned away to hide a smile.
"Your examination of Mr. Darcy is over, I presume," said Miss Bingley; "and pray what is the result?"
examination - l'examen, examen
presume - présumer, supposer
"I am perfectly convinced by it that Mr. Darcy has no defect. He owns it himself without disguise."
defect - défaut, déserter, passer a, rench: t-needed r
disguise - déguisement, déguiser
"No," said Darcy, "I have made no such pretension. I have faults enough, but they are not, I hope, of understanding. My temper I dare not vouch for. It is, I believe, too little yielding-certainly too little for the convenience of the world. I cannot forget the follies and vices of others so soon as I ought, nor their offenses against myself.
pretension - prétention
faults - défauts, défaut, faute, faille
vouch for - se porter garant
convenience - la commodité, convenance, commodité, avantage, commodités
vices - vices, étau
offenses - infractions, attaque, offensive, attaquants-p, offense
My feelings are not puffed about with every attempt to move them. My temper would perhaps be called resentful. My good opinion once lost, is lost forever."
puffed - soufflé, souffle, bouffée
resentful - rancunier
forever - a jamais, pour toujours, éternellement, checktoujours
"That is a failing indeed!" cried Elizabeth. "Implacable resentment is a shade in a character. But you have chosen your fault well. I really cannot laugh at it. You are safe from me."
implacable - implacable
shade - ombre, store, nuance, ton, esprit, ombrager, faire de l'ombre
"There is, I believe, in every disposition a tendency to some particular evil-a natural defect, which not even the best education can overcome."
tendency - tendance
evil - le mal, mauvais, torve
"And your defect is to hate everybody."
"And yours," he replied with a smile, "is willfully to misunderstand them."
willfully - volontairement, avec entetement
misunderstand - mal compris, mal interpréter, méprendre, mécomprendre
"Do let us have a little music," cried Miss Bingley, tired of a conversation in which she had no share. "Louisa, you will not mind my waking Mr. Hurst?"
Her sister had not the smallest objection, and the pianoforte was opened; and Darcy, after a few moments'recollection, was not sorry for it. He began to feel the danger of paying Elizabeth too much attention.
recollection - mémoire
In consequence of an agreement between the sisters, Elizabeth wrote the next morning to their mother, to beg that the carriage might be sent for them in the course of the day. But Mrs. Bennet, who had calculated on her daughters remaining at Netherfield till the following Tuesday, which would exactly finish Jane's week, could not bring herself to receive them with pleasure before.
agreement - accord, entente, pacte, contrat
remaining - restant, reste, rester, demeurer
Her answer, therefore, was not propitious, at least not to Elizabeth's wishes, for she was impatient to get home. Mrs. Bennet sent them word that they could not possibly have the carriage before Tuesday; and in her postscript it was added, that if Mr. Bingley and his sister pressed them to stay longer, she could spare them very well.
Propitious - favorable, propice, avantageux, de bonne augure
postscript - post-scriptum
pressed - pressé, appuyer sur, presser
Against staying longer, however, Elizabeth was positively resolved-nor did she much expect it would be asked; and fearful, on the contrary, as being considered as intruding themselves needlessly long, she urged Jane to borrow Mr. Bingley's carriage immediately, and at length it was settled that their original design of leaving Netherfield that morning should be mentioned, and the request made.
positively - positivement
fearful - effrayant, redoutable, peureux, craintif, terrible, affreux
intruding - l'intrusion, faire intrusion, fr
needlessly - inutilement
The communication excited many professions of concern; and enough was said of wishing them to stay at least till the following day to work on Jane; and till the morrow their going was deferred. Miss Bingley was then sorry that she had proposed the delay, for her jealousy and dislike of one sister much exceeded her affection for the other.
communication - la communication, communication, message
proposed - proposée, proposer, demander en mariage
jealousy - jalousie, envie
exceeded - dépassé, excéder, dépasser
The master of the house heard with real sorrow that they were to go so soon, and repeatedly tried to persuade Miss Bennet that it would not be safe for her-that she was not enough recovered; but Jane was firm where she felt herself to be right.
Master - maître, patron, maîtriser, maitre, maîtrisent
sorrow - peine, chagrin
firm - ferme, social, robuste, maison de commerce, solide
To Mr. Darcy it was welcome intelligence-Elizabeth had been at Netherfield long enough. She attracted him more than he liked-and Miss Bingley was uncivil to her, and more teasing than usual to himself.
attracted - attiré, attirer
uncivil - incivilités
He wisely resolved to be particularly careful that no sign of admiration should now escape him, nothing that could elevate her with the hope of influencing his felicity; sensible that if such an idea had been suggested, his behaviour during the last day must have material weight in confirming or crushing it.
wisely - a bon escient, sagement, savamment
elevate - élever, augmenter
influencing - d'influence, influence, influencer, influer
confirming - confirmant, (confirm), confirmer
crushing - l'écrasement, barricade, béguin, amourette, faible
Steady to his purpose, he scarcely spoke ten words to her through the whole of Saturday, and though they were at one time left by themselves for half-an-hour, he adhered most conscientiously to his book, and would not even look at her.
adhered - adhéré, adhérer
conscientiously - consciencieusement
On Sunday, after morning service, the separation, so agreeable to almost all, took place. Miss Bingley's civility to Elizabeth increased at last very rapidly, as well as her affection for Jane; and when they parted, after assuring the latter of the pleasure it would always give her to see her either at Longbourn or Netherfield, and embracing her most tenderly, she even shook hands with the former.
morning service - service du matin
separation - la séparation, séparation
embracing - embrasser, étreindre, accolade
tenderly - tendrement
Elizabeth took leave of the whole party in the liveliest of spirits.
They were not welcomed home very cordially by their mother. Mrs. Bennet wondered at their coming, and thought them very wrong to give so much trouble, and was sure Jane would have caught cold again. But their father, though very laconic in his expressions of pleasure, was really glad to see them; he had felt their importance in the family circle.
cordially - cordialement
wondered - s'est demandé, merveille, étonner
laconic - laconique
family circle - le cercle familial
The evening conversation, when they were all assembled, had lost much of its animation, and almost all its sense by the absence of Jane and Elizabeth.
absence - absence, manque, absence du fer
They found Mary, as usual, deep in the study of thorough-bass and human nature; and had some extracts to admire, and some new observations of threadbare morality to listen to. Catherine and Lydia had information for them of a different sort.
bass - basse, perche
observations - observations, observation, remarque
threadbare - filiforme, élimé
morality - moralité
Much had been done and much had been said in the regiment since the preceding Wednesday; several of the officers had dined lately with their uncle, a private had been flogged, and it had actually been hinted that Colonel Forster was going to be married.
preceding - précédent, précéder
lately - dernierement
flogged - fouetté, fouetter
hinted - a fait allusion, indication, soupçon, faire allusion
"I hope, my dear," said Mr. Bennet to his wife, as they were at breakfast the next morning, "that you have ordered a good dinner to-day, because I have reason to expect an addition to our family party."
at breakfast - au petit-déjeuner
Addition - addition, ajout
"Who do you mean, my dear? I know of nobody that is coming, I am sure, unless Charlotte Lucas should happen to call in-and I hope my dinners are good enough for her. I do not believe she often sees such at home."
"The person of whom I speak is a gentleman, and a stranger."
Mrs. Bennet's eyes sparkled. "A gentleman and a stranger! It is Mr. Bingley, I am sure! Well, I am sure I shall be extremely glad to see Mr. Bingley. But-good Lord! how unlucky! There is not a bit of fish to be got to-day. Lydia, my love, ring the bell-I must speak to Hill this moment."
Lord - châtelain, seigneur, monsieur
ring - anneau, cerne, ring, tinter
bell - cloche, sonnette
"It is not Mr. Bingley," said her husband; "it is a person whom I never saw in the whole course of my life."
This roused a general astonishment; and he had the pleasure of being eagerly questioned by his wife and his five daughters at once.
roused - réveillé, réveiller
After amusing himself some time with their curiosity, he thus explained:
"About a month ago I received this letter; and about a fortnight ago I answered it, for I thought it a case of some delicacy, and requiring early attention. It is from my cousin, Mr. Collins, who, when I am dead, may turn you all out of this house as soon as he pleases."
delicacy - délicatesse, gourmandise
"Oh! my dear," cried his wife, "I cannot bear to hear that mentioned. Pray do not talk of that odious man. I do think it is the hardest thing in the world, that your estate should be entailed away from your own children; and I am sure, if I had been you, I should have tried long ago to do something or other about it."
Jane and Elizabeth tried to explain to her the nature of an entail. They had often attempted to do it before, but it was a subject on which Mrs. Bennet was beyond the reach of reason, and she continued to rail bitterly against the cruelty of settling an estate away from a family of five daughters, in favour of a man whom nobody cared anything about.
entail - impliquer, comporter
attempted - tenté, tenter, essayer, tentative, attentat
rail - ferroviaire, rail
bitterly - amerement, amerement
cruelty - la cruauté, cruauté
"It certainly is a most iniquitous affair," said Mr. Bennet, "and nothing can clear Mr. Collins from the guilt of inheriting Longbourn. But if you will listen to his letter, you may perhaps be a little softened by his manner of expressing himself."
iniquitous - inique
affair - affaire, aventure, liaison
guilt - culpabilité
inheriting - l'héritage, hériter
softened - adoucie, adoucir
"No, that I am sure I shall not; and I think it is very impertinent of him to write to you at all, and very hypocritical. I hate such false friends. Why could he not keep on quarreling with you, as his father did before him?"
quarreling - des querelles, dispute
"Why, indeed; he does seem to have had some filial scruples on that head, as you will hear."
filial - filial
scruples - des scrupules, scrupule
"Hunsford, near Westerham, Kent, 15th October.
"The disagreement subsisting between yourself and my late honoured father always gave me much uneasiness, and since I have had the misfortune to lose him, I have frequently wished to heal the breach; but for some time I was kept back by my own doubts, fearing lest it might seem disrespectful to his memory for me to be on good terms with anyone with whom it had always pleased him to be at variance.
disagreement - désaccord
honoured - honoré, honneur
heal - guérir, cicatriser
breach - infraction, violation, breche, brouille
kept back - Retenu
doubts - des doutes, douter, doute
disrespectful - irrespectueux
variance - variance
-'There, Mrs. Bennet.
'-My mind, however, is now made up on the subject, for having received ordination at Easter, I have been so fortunate as to be distinguished by the patronage of the Right Honourable Lady Catherine de Bourgh, widow of Sir Lewis de Bourgh, whose bounty and beneficence has preferred me to the valuable rectory of this parish, where it shall be my earnest endeavour to demean myself with grateful respect towards her ladyship, and be ever ready to perform those rites and ceremonies which are instituted by the Church of England. As a clergyman, moreover, I feel it my duty to promote and establish the blessing of peace in all families within the reach of my influence; and on these grounds I flatter myself that my present overtures are highly commendable, and that the circumstance of my being next in the entail of Longbourn estate will be kindly overlooked on your side, and not lead you to reject the offered olive-branch. I cannot be otherwise than concerned at being the means of injuring your amiable daughters, and beg leave to apologise for it, as well as to assure you of my readiness to make them every possible amends-but of this hereafter. If you should have no objection to receive me into your house, I propose myself the satisfaction of waiting on you and your family, Monday, November 18th, by four o'clock, and shall probably trespass on your hospitality till the Saturday se'ennight following, which I can do without any inconvenience, as Lady Catherine is far from objecting to my occasional absence on a Sunday, provided that some other clergyman is engaged to do the duty of the day.-I remain, dear sir, with respectful compliments to your lady and daughters, your well-wisher and friend,
ordination - l'ordination, ordination
at Easter - a Pâques
Patronage - soutien, mécénat, parrainage, clientele, clientélisme, patronage
Right Honourable - Tres Honorable
widow - veuve
bounty - don, prime
beneficence - bienfaisance
rectory - le presbytere, presbytere, cure
parish - paroisse
demean - rabaisser
grateful - reconnaissant
ladyship - Madame
rites - rites, rite
ceremonies - cérémonies, cérémonie
instituted - institué, institut
clergyman - ecclésiastique, pretre, clerc
Moreover - de plus, en plus, au surplus, en outre
promote - promouvoir, faire la promotion de
establish - affermir, établir
blessing - la bénédiction, bénédiction, grâce, troupeau, harde
overtures - des ouvertures, ouverture
commendable - louable
overlooked - négligé, vue, panorama, surplomber, négliger, louper
lead - plomb, guider, conduire, mener
reject - rejeter
olive - olive
concerned - préoccupé, inquiétude, souci, soin, préoccupation
injuring - blesser
beg leave - demander une permission
apologise - s'excuser
readiness - l'état de préparation, préparation
satisfaction - satisfaction
hospitality - l'hospitalité, hospitalité, hôtellerie-restauration
objecting to - s'opposer a
occasional - occasionnel
respectful - respectueux
wisher - souhaitez-vous
"At four o'clock, therefore, we may expect this peace-making gentleman," said Mr. Bennet, as he folded up the letter. "He seems to be a most conscientious and polite young man, upon my word, and I doubt not will prove a valuable acquaintance, especially if Lady Catherine should be so indulgent as to let him come to us again."
folded up - plié
most conscientious - le plus consciencieux
Prove - prouver, éprouvent, éprouvons, éprouvez, prouvent
indulgent - indulgent
"There is some sense in what he says about the girls, however, and if he is disposed to make them any amends, I shall not be the person to discourage him."
discourage - décourager, dissuader
"Though it is difficult," said Jane, "to guess in what way he can mean to make us the atonement he thinks our due, the wish is certainly to his credit."
atonement - l'expiation, propitiation, expiation, réparation
due - due, du
Elizabeth was chiefly struck by his extraordinary deference for Lady Catherine, and his kind intention of christening, marrying, and burying his parishioners whenever it were required.
burying - l'enfouissement, enterrer
parishioners - paroissiens, paroissien, paroissienne
"He must be an oddity, I think," said she. "I cannot make him out.-There is something very pompous in his style.-And what can he mean by apologising for being next in the entail?-We cannot suppose he would help it if he could.-Could he be a sensible man, sir?"
oddity - bizarrerie, excentricité
pompous - pompeux, emphatique
"No, my dear, I think not. I have great hopes of finding him quite the reverse. There is a mixture of servility and self-importance in his letter, which promises well. I am impatient to see him."
reverse - inverser, verso, inverse
"In point of composition," said Mary, "the letter does not seem defective. The idea of the olive-branch perhaps is not wholly new, yet I think it is well expressed."
composition - composition, ouvre
defective - défectueux, défectif
To Catherine and Lydia, neither the letter nor its writer were in any degree interesting. It was next to impossible that their cousin should come in a scarlet coat, and it was now some weeks since they had received pleasure from the society of a man in any other colour. As for their mother, Mr.
scarlet - écarlate
Collins's letter had done away much of her ill-will, and she was preparing to see him with a degree of composure which astonished her husband and daughters.
ill-will - (ill-will) mauvaise volonté
Mr. Collins was punctual to his time, and was received with great politeness by the whole family. Mr. Bennet indeed said little; but the ladies were ready enough to talk, and Mr. Collins seemed neither in need of encouragement, nor inclined to be silent himself. He was a tall, heavy-looking young man of five-and-twenty. His air was grave and stately, and his manners were very formal.
punctual - ponctuel
be silent - se taire
stately - majestueux, imposant
He had not been long seated before he complimented Mrs. Bennet on having so fine a family of daughters; said he had heard much of their beauty, but that in this instance fame had fallen short of the truth; and added, that he did not doubt her seeing them all in due time disposed of in marriage. This gallantry was not much to the taste of some of his hearers; but Mrs.
complimented - complimenté, compliment, complimenter, faire un compliment
instance - instance
fame - la notoriété, gloire, célébrité
disposed of - éliminé
Bennet, who quarreled with no compliments, answered most readily.
quarreled - s'est disputé, dispute
"You are very kind, I am sure; and I wish with all my heart it may prove so, for else they will be destitute enough. Things are settled so oddly."
destitute - sans ressources
oddly - bizarrement, étrangement
"You allude, perhaps, to the entail of this estate."
allude - alluder, faire allusion, suggérer
"Ah! sir, I do indeed. It is a grievous affair to my poor girls, you must confess. Not that I mean to find fault with you, for such things I know are all chance in this world. There is no knowing how estates will go when once they come to be entailed."
grievous - grave
confess - avouer, confesser
find fault - trouver une faute
estates - les successions, patrimoine, noblesse, proprieté, , biens-p
"I am very sensible, madam, of the hardship to my fair cousins, and could say much on the subject, but that I am cautious of appearing forward and precipitate. But I can assure the young ladies that I come prepared to admire them. At present I will not say more; but, perhaps, when we are better acquainted-"
hardship - difficultés, misere
precipitate - précipité
He was interrupted by a summons to dinner; and the girls smiled on each other. They were not the only objects of Mr. Collins's admiration. The hall, the dining-room, and all its furniture, were examined and praised; and his commendation of everything would have touched Mrs. Bennet's heart, but for the mortifying supposition of his viewing it all as his own future property.
summons - convoque, convocation, (summon) convoque
Praised - loué, louange, louer, féliciter, prôner, vénérer
The dinner too in its turn was highly admired; and he begged to know to which of his fair cousins the excellency of its cooking was owing. But he was set right there by Mrs. Bennet, who assured him with some asperity that they were very well able to keep a good cook, and that her daughters had nothing to do in the kitchen. He begged pardon for having displeased her.
begged - supplié, mendier
excellency - Excellence
owing - owing, devoir
set right - Corriger
asperity - l'aspérité, aspérité
Pardon - pardon, grâce, pardonner, gracier, désolé, excusez-moi
In a softened tone she declared herself not at all offended; but he continued to apologise for about a quarter of an hour.
During dinner, Mr. Bennet scarcely spoke at all; but when the servants were withdrawn, he thought it time to have some conversation with his guest, and therefore started a subject in which he expected him to shine, by observing that he seemed very fortunate in his patroness. Lady Catherine de Bourgh's attention to his wishes, and consideration for his comfort, appeared very remarkable. Mr.
withdrawn - retiré, (se) retirer
shine - briller, reluisons, reluisez, reluisent, reluire
patroness - patronne, dame patronesse
remarkable - remarquable
Bennet could not have chosen better. Mr. Collins was eloquent in her praise. The subject elevated him to more than usual solemnity of manner, and with a most important aspect he protested that "he had never in his life witnessed such behaviour in a person of rank-such affability and condescension, as he had himself experienced from Lady Catherine.
eloquent - éloquent
elevated - élevé, (elevate), élever, augmenter
solemnity - solennité
aspect - aspect, rench: t-needed r
witnessed - témoins, témoignage, témoin, preuve, témoigner
affability - l'affabilité, affabilité, liant
condescension - condescendance
She had been graciously pleased to approve of both of the discourses which he had already had the honour of preaching before her. She had also asked him twice to dine at Rosings, and had sent for him only the Saturday before, to make up her pool of quadrille in the evening. Lady Catherine was reckoned proud by many people he knew, but he had never seen anything but affability in her.
graciously - gracieusement
Discourses - discours, conversation
preaching - la prédication, prechant, (preach), precher, proclamer
Quadrille - quadrille
reckoned - a calculé, considérer
She had always spoken to him as she would to any other gentleman; she made not the smallest objection to his joining in the society of the neighbourhood nor to his leaving the parish occasionally for a week or two, to visit his relations.
joining in - se joindre a nous
She had even condescended to advise him to marry as soon as he could, provided he chose with discretion; and had once paid him a visit in his humble parsonage, where she had perfectly approved all the alterations he had been making, and had even vouchsafed to suggest some herself-some shelves in the closet up stairs."
condescended to - avec condescendance
humble - humble
parsonage - le presbytere, cure, presbytere
approved - approuvée, approuver
alterations - des modifications, altération, altérer
vouchsafed - garantie, accorder de maniere clémente
shelves - étageres, rayon, étagere, tablard, rayonnage
closet - placard
"That is all very proper and civil, I am sure," said Mrs. Bennet, "and I dare say she is a very agreeable woman. It is a pity that great ladies in general are not more like her. Does she live near you, sir?"
"The garden in which stands my humble abode is separated only by a lane from Rosings Park, her ladyship's residence."
abode - domicile, demeure, (abide), endurer, tolérer
lane - chemin
"I think you said she was a widow, sir? Has she any family?"
"She has only one daughter, the heiress of Rosings, and of very extensive property."
heiress - héritiere, héritiere, successeuse, successrice
"Ah!" said Mrs. Bennet, shaking her head, "then she is better off than many girls. And what sort of young lady is she? Is she handsome?"
"She is a most charming young lady indeed. Lady Catherine herself says that, in point of true beauty, Miss de Bourgh is far superior to the handsomest of her sex, because there is that in her features which marks the young lady of distinguished birth.
most charming - le plus charmant
handsomest - le plus beau, beau
She is unfortunately of a sickly constitution, which has prevented her from making that progress in many accomplishments which she could not have otherwise failed of, as I am informed by the lady who superintended her education, and who still resides with them. But she is perfectly amiable, and often condescends to drive by my humble abode in her little phaeton and ponies."
sickly - malade, maladif, souffreteux, chétif, valétudinaire, douçâtre
constitution - constitution
superintended - surintendants, surveiller, diriger
resides - réside, habiter, résider, demeurer
phaeton - phaéton
ponies - poneys, poney
"Has she been presented? I do not remember her name among the ladies at court."
Court - la cour, cour, tribunal, court de tennis, court, courtiser
"Her indifferent state of health unhappily prevents her being in town; and by that means, as I told Lady Catherine one day, has deprived the British court of its brightest ornament. Her ladyship seemed pleased with the idea; and you may imagine that I am happy on every occasion to offer those little delicate compliments which are always acceptable to ladies.
indifferent - indifférent
Unhappily - malheuresement
deprived - privés, priver
ornament - ornement, ornement musical
acceptable - acceptable
I have more than once observed to Lady Catherine, that her charming daughter seemed born to be a duchess, and that the most elevated rank, instead of giving her consequence, would be adorned by her. These are the kind of little things which please her ladyship, and it is a sort of attention which I conceive myself peculiarly bound to pay."
Duchess - la duchesse, duchesse
adorned - orné, décorer, orner, parer
peculiarly - de façon particuliere
bound - lié, entrain, (bind), lier, attacher, nouer, connecter, coupler
"You judge very properly," said Mr. Bennet, "and it is happy for you that you possess the talent of flattering with delicacy. May I ask whether these pleasing attentions proceed from the impulse of the moment, or are the result of previous study?"
properly - proprement, correctement, convenablement
talent - talent
flattering - flatteur, flatter
previous - précédente, préalable
"They arise chiefly from what is passing at the time, and though I sometimes amuse myself with suggesting and arranging such little elegant compliments as may be adapted to ordinary occasions, I always wish to give them as unstudied an air as possible."
arise - se lever, surgir, apparaitre, naitre
adapted - adapté, adapter, s'adapter
unstudied - non étudiée
Mr. Bennet's expectations were fully answered. His cousin was as absurd as he had hoped, and he listened to him with the keenest enjoyment, maintaining at the same time the most resolute composure of countenance, and, except in an occasional glance at Elizabeth, requiring no partner in his pleasure.
fully - pleinement, entierement, completement
absurd - absurde
keenest - le plus enthousiaste, passionné
maintaining - le maintien, entretenir, maintenir
resolute - résolu, résolue, ferme, déterminé
glance - regard, jeter un coup d’oil
By tea-time, however, the dose had been enough, and Mr. Bennet was glad to take his guest into the drawing-room again, and, when tea was over, glad to invite him to read aloud to the ladies. Mr.
dose - dose
read aloud - Lire a haute voix
Collins readily assented, and a book was produced; but, on beholding it (for everything announced it to be from a circulating library), he started back, and begging pardon, protested that he never read novels. Kitty stared at him, and Lydia exclaimed. Other books were produced, and after some deliberation he chose Fordyce's Sermons.
assented - a donné son assentiment, assentiment
beholding - l'observation, regarder, voir, observer, voici, voila
announced - annoncée, annoncer
circulating - en circulation, circuler
begging - la mendicité, (beg) la mendicité
exclaimed - s'est exclamé, exclamer
Sermons - sermons, sermon
Lydia gaped as he opened the volume, and before he had, with very monotonous solemnity, read three pages, she interrupted him with:
monotonous - monotone
"Do you know, mamma, that my uncle Phillips talks of turning away Richard; and if he does, Colonel Forster will hire him. My aunt told me so herself on Saturday. I shall walk to Meryton to-morrow to hear more about it, and to ask when Mr. Denny comes back from town."
turning away - se détourner
Richard - richard
hire - embaucher, louer
Lydia was bid by her two eldest sisters to hold her tongue; but Mr. Collins, much offended, laid aside his book, and said:
bid - offre, impératifs, prier
laid - posé, poser
"I have often observed how little young ladies are interested by books of a serious stamp, though written solely for their benefit. It amazes me, I confess; for, certainly, there can be nothing so advantageous to them as instruction. But I will no longer importune my young cousin."
amazes - étonne, stupéfier
advantageous - avantageux
Then turning to Mr. Bennet, he offered himself as his antagonist at backgammon. Mr. Bennet accepted the challenge, observing that he acted very wisely in leaving the girls to their own trifling amusements. Mrs. Bennet and her daughters apologised most civilly for Lydia's interruption, and promised that it should not occur again, if he would resume his book; but Mr.
antagonist - antagoniste
backgammon - backgammon
challenge - défi, chalenge, défier
amusements - divertissements, amusement
civilly - civilement
interruption - interruption
occur - se produisent, produire
resume - cv, resume, reprendent, reprends, reprenez, reprenons
Collins, after assuring them that he bore his young cousin no ill-will, and should never resent her behaviour as any affront, seated himself at another table with Mr. Bennet, and prepared for backgammon.
resent - résentent, ressentons, ressentent, ressentez, (resend), renvoyer
Mr. Collins was not a sensible man, and the deficiency of nature had been but little assisted by education or society; the greatest part of his life having been spent under the guidance of an illiterate and miserly father; and though he belonged to one of the universities, he had merely kept the necessary terms, without forming at it any useful acquaintance.
assisted - assistée, assister, aider, passe décisive
guidance - d'orientation, guidage, conseils, direction
illiterate - analphabete, illettré, illettrée, analphabete
miserly - avare, pingre, chiche, radin
The subjection in which his father had brought him up had given him originally great humility of manner; but it was now a good deal counteracted by the self-conceit of a weak head, living in retirement, and the consequential feelings of early and unexpected prosperity.
subjection - l'assujettissement, soumission
originally - a l'origine
retirement - la retraite, retraite
consequential - conséquent
unexpected - inattendu
prosperity - la prospérité, prospérité
A fortunate chance had recommended him to Lady Catherine de Bourgh when the living of Hunsford was vacant; and the respect which he felt for her high rank, and his veneration for her as his patroness, mingling with a very good opinion of himself, of his authority as a clergyman, and his right as a rector, made him altogether a mixture of pride and obsequiousness, self-importance and humility.
veneration - vénération
mingling - se meler, (mingle), mélanger
authority - l'autorité, autorité
rector - recteur
obsequiousness - l'obséquiosité, obséquiosité
Having now a good house and a very sufficient income, he intended to marry; and in seeking a reconciliation with the Longbourn family he had a wife in view, as he meant to choose one of the daughters, if he found them as handsome and amiable as they were represented by common report.
income - revenus, revenu, recette
seeking - a la recherche, chercher
reconciliation - réconciliation, raccommodement, rapprochement
represented - représentée, représenter
This was his plan of amends-of atonement-for inheriting their father's estate; and he thought it an excellent one, full of eligibility and suitableness, and excessively generous and disinterested on his own part.
eligibility - l'éligibilité, éligibilité
suitableness - l'adéquation
generous - généreux
disinterested - désintéressé, désintéret
His plan did not vary on seeing them. Miss Bennet's lovely face confirmed his views, and established all his strictest notions of what was due to seniority; and for the first evening she was his settled choice. The next morning, however, made an alteration; for in a quarter of an hour's tete-a-tete with Mrs.
vary - varier
confirmed - confirmée, confirmer
strictest - la plus stricte, strict
notions - notions, notion
seniority - l'ancienneté, ancienneté, séniorité
alteration - modification, altération, altérer
quarter of an hour's - d'un quart d'heure
Bennet before breakfast, a conversation beginning with his parsonage-house, and leading naturally to the avowal of his hopes, that a mistress might be found for it at Longbourn, produced from her, amid very complaisant smiles and general encouragement, a caution against the very Jane he had fixed on.
naturally - naturellement
Mistress - madame, maîtresse, amante
amid - amid, au milieu de, parmi, entre
complaisant - complaisant
caution - prudence, admonition, checkavertissement, checkmise en garde
"As to her younger daughters, she could not take upon her to say-she could not positively answer-but she did not know of any prepossession; her eldest daughter, she must just mention-she felt it incumbent on her to hint, was likely to be very soon engaged."
prepossession - prévention
incumbent - en titre, titulaire
Mr. Collins had only to change from Jane to Elizabeth-and it was soon done-done while Mrs. Bennet was stirring the fire. Elizabeth, equally next to Jane in birth and beauty, succeeded her of course.
stirring - l'agitation, passionnant
Mrs. Bennet treasured up the hint, and trusted that she might soon have two daughters married; and the man whom she could not bear to speak of the day before was now high in her good graces.
treasured - précieux, trésor, garder précieusement
trusted - de confiance, confiance, trust, faire confiance
graces - Les grâces, (grace), bénédicité, grâces, grâce, miséricorde
Lydia's intention of walking to Meryton was not forgotten; every sister except Mary agreed to go with her; and Mr. Collins was to attend them, at the request of Mr. Bennet, who was most anxious to get rid of him, and have his library to himself; for thither Mr.
Collins had followed him after breakfast; and there he would continue, nominally engaged with one of the largest folios in the collection, but really talking to Mr. Bennet, with little cessation, of his house and garden at Hunsford. Such doings discomposed Mr. Bennet exceedingly.
nominally - nominalement
folios - folios, folio
cessation - l'arret, cessation
In his library he had been always sure of leisure and tranquillity; and though prepared, as he told Elizabeth, to meet with folly and conceit in every other room of the house, he was used to be free from them there; his civility, therefore, was most prompt in inviting Mr. Collins to join his daughters in their walk; and Mr.
tranquillity - la tranquillité, tranquillité
folly - folie, sottise
prompt - rapide, ponctuel, indicateur, invite de commande, inciter
Collins, being in fact much better fitted for a walker than a reader, was extremely pleased to close his large book, and go.
In pompous nothings on his side, and civil assents on that of his cousins, their time passed till they entered Meryton. The attention of the younger ones was then no longer to be gained by him. Their eyes were immediately wandering up in the street in quest of the officers, and nothing less than a very smart bonnet indeed, or a really new muslin in a shop window, could recall them.
assents - des avis conformes, assentiment
wandering - l'errance, errement, errance, divagation, (wander), errer
bonnet - bonnet, orth America, casquette, béret, capot
muslin - mousseline
shop window - la vitrine du magasin
recall - rappeler
But the attention of every lady was soon caught by a young man, whom they had never seen before, of most gentlemanlike appearance, walking with another officer on the other side of the way. The officer was the very Mr. Denny concerning whose return from London Lydia came to inquire, and he bowed as they passed.
concerning - concernant, inquiétude, souci, soin, préoccupation
inquire - demander, enqueter
All were struck with the stranger's air, all wondered who he could be; and Kitty and Lydia, determined if possible to find out, led the way across the street, under pretense of wanting something in an opposite shop, and fortunately had just gained the pavement when the two gentlemen, turning back, had reached the same spot. Mr.
led - dirigé, DEL, LED, (lead) dirigé
pavement - revetement, chaussée, pavement
spot - spot, tache, bouton, peu, endroit, zone, détecter, trouver
Denny addressed them directly, and entreated permission to introduce his friend, Mr. Wickham, who had returned with him the day before from town, and he was happy to say had accepted a commission in their corps. This was exactly as it should be; for the young man wanted only regimentals to make him completely charming.
entreated - demandé, supplier
commission - commission, commission d'agent immobilier, courtage, charger
corps - corps, (corp) corps
His appearance was greatly in his favour; he had all the best part of beauty, a fine countenance, a good figure, and very pleasing address.
The introduction was followed up on his side by a happy readiness of conversation-a readiness at the same time perfectly correct and unassuming; and the whole party were still standing and talking together very agreeably, when the sound of horses drew their notice, and Darcy and Bingley were seen riding down the street.
unassuming - sans prétention
On distinguishing the ladies of the group, the two gentlemen came directly towards them, and began the usual civilities. Bingley was the principal spokesman, and Miss Bennet the principal object. He was then, he said, on his way to Longbourn on purpose to inquire after her. Mr.
civilities - civilités, politesse
spokesman - porte-parole, portearole
inquire after - demander apres
Darcy corroborated it with a bow, and was beginning to determine not to fix his eyes on Elizabeth, when they were suddenly arrested by the sight of the stranger, and Elizabeth happening to see the countenance of both as they looked at each other, was all astonishment at the effect of the meeting. Both changed colour, one looked white, the other red. Mr.
corroborated - corroborée, corroborer
arrested - arreté, arrestation, arreter
changed colour - a changé de couleur
Wickham, after a few moments, touched his hat-a salutation which Mr. Darcy just deigned to return. What could be the meaning of it? It was impossible to imagine; it was impossible not to long to know.
In another minute, Mr. Bingley, but without seeming to have noticed what passed, took leave and rode on with his friend.
Mr. Denny and Mr. Wickham walked with the young ladies to the door of Mr. Phillip's house, and then made their bows, in spite of Miss Lydia's pressing entreaties that they should come in, and even in spite of Mrs. Phillips's throwing up the parlour window and loudly seconding the invitation.
bows - arcs, (bow) arcs
Mrs. Phillips was always glad to see her nieces; and the two eldest, from their recent absence, were particularly welcome, and she was eagerly expressing her surprise at their sudden return home, which, as their own carriage had not fetched them, she should have known nothing about, if she had not happened to see Mr.
fetched - fouillé, aller chercher
Jones's shop-boy in the street, who had told her that they were not to send any more draughts to Netherfield because the Miss Bennets were come away, when her civility was claimed towards Mr. Collins by Jane's introduction of him.
claimed - réclamé, réclamation, titre, affirmation
She received him with her very best politeness, which he returned with as much more, apologising for his intrusion, without any previous acquaintance with her, which he could not help flattering himself, however, might be justified by his relationship to the young ladies who introduced him to her notice. Mrs.
intrusion - intrusion
be justified - etre justifié
Phillips was quite awed by such an excess of good breeding; but her contemplation of one stranger was soon put to an end by exclamations and inquiries about the other; of whom, however, she could only tell her nieces what they already knew, that Mr. Denny had brought him from London, and that he was to have a lieutenant's commission in the --shire.
awed - impressionné, crainte, révérence, admiration
excess - l'exces, exces, franchise, en exces, en trop, excessif
contemplation - contemplation
exclamations - exclamations, exclamation
lieutenant - lieutenant
shire - shire, comté
She had been watching him the last hour, she said, as he walked up and down the street, and had Mr. Wickham appeared, Kitty and Lydia would certainly have continued the occupation, but unluckily no one passed windows now except a few of the officers, who, in comparison with the stranger, were become "stupid, disagreeable fellows.
occupation - profession, occupation
unluckily - par malchance, malheuresement
fellows - des camarades, homme, type
" Some of them were to dine with the Phillipses the next day, and their aunt promised to make her husband call on Mr. Wickham, and give him an invitation also, if the family from Longbourn would come in the evening. This was agreed to, and Mrs. Phillips protested that they would have a nice comfortable noisy game of lottery tickets, and a little bit of hot supper afterwards.
lottery - loterie
The prospect of such delights was very cheering, and they parted in mutual good spirits. Mr. Collins repeated his apologies in quitting the room, and was assured with unwearying civility that they were perfectly needless.
delights - des délices, plaisir, délice, joie, enchanter, ravir
cheering - des applaudissements, acclamation(s)
mutual - mutuelle, mutuel
apologies - des excuses, excuse, apologie
unwearying - inlassable
As they walked home, Elizabeth related to Jane what she had seen pass between the two gentlemen; but though Jane would have defended either or both, had they appeared to be in the wrong, she could no more explain such behaviour than her sister.
defended - défendue, défendre
Mr. Collins on his return highly gratified Mrs. Bennet by admiring Mrs. Phillips's manners and politeness. He protested that, except Lady Catherine and her daughter, he had never seen a more elegant woman; for she had not only received him with the utmost civility, but even pointedly included him in her invitation for the next evening, although utterly unknown to her before.
admiring - admiratif, admirer
utmost - le plus important, extreme, plus grand, supreme, maximum
pointedly - avec insistance
utterly - tout a fait
Something, he supposed, might be attributed to his connection with them, but yet he had never met with so much attention in the whole course of his life.
attributed - attribuée, attribut, épithete or déterminant
connection - connexion, liaison, lien, rapport, complicité, correspondance
As no objection was made to the young people's engagement with their aunt, and all Mr. Collins's scruples of leaving Mr. and Mrs. Bennet for a single evening during his visit were most steadily resisted, the coach conveyed him and his five cousins at a suitable hour to Meryton; and the girls had the pleasure of hearing, as they entered the drawing-room, that Mr.
steadily - régulierement
resisted - résisté, résister, s'opposer, rejeter, dégouter
conveyed - transmis, transporter, véhiculer, communiquer
suitable - adapté, approprié, convenable, opportun, idoine
Wickham had accepted their uncle's invitation, and was then in the house.
When this information was given, and they had all taken their seats, Mr. Collins was at leisure to look around him and admire, and he was so much struck with the size and furniture of the apartment, that he declared he might almost have supposed himself in the small summer breakfast parlour at Rosings; a comparison that did not at first convey much gratification; but when Mrs.
gratification - gratification, récompense
Phillips understood from him what Rosings was, and who was its proprietor-when she had listened to the description of only one of Lady Catherine's drawing-rooms, and found that the chimney-piece alone had cost eight hundred pounds, she felt all the force of the compliment, and would hardly have resented a comparison with the housekeeper's room.
Proprietor - propriétaire
chimney - cheminée
force - force, forcez, contrainte, forçons, contraindre, forcent
In describing to her all the grandeur of Lady Catherine and her mansion, with occasional digressions in praise of his own humble abode, and the improvements it was receiving, he was happily employed until the gentlemen joined them; and he found in Mrs.
grandeur - grandeur, splendeur
mansion - manoir, demeure
digressions - des digressions, digression
improvements - des améliorations, amélioration
Phillips a very attentive listener, whose opinion of his consequence increased with what she heard, and who was resolving to retail it all among her neighbours as soon as she could.
resolving - résoudre, prendre la résolution de
retail - le commerce de détail, vente au détail
To the girls, who could not listen to their cousin, and who had nothing to do but to wish for an instrument, and examine their own indifferent imitations of china on the mantelpiece, the interval of waiting appeared very long. It was over at last, however. The gentlemen did approach, and when Mr.
examine - examiner
imitations - des imitations, imitation
mantelpiece - tablette de cheminée
interval - intervalle
approach - approche, approchons, abordent, abordez, rapprochons
Wickham walked into the room, Elizabeth felt that she had neither been seeing him before, nor thinking of him since, with the smallest degree of unreasonable admiration. The officers of the --shire were in general a very creditable, gentlemanlike set, and the best of them were of the present party; but Mr.
unreasonable - déraisonnable
creditable - crédible
Wickham was as far beyond them all in person, countenance, air, and walk, as they were superior to the broad-faced, stuffy uncle Phillips, breathing port wine, who followed them into the room.
broad - large
stuffy - mal aéré, étouffant, bouché, fâché, en rogne
breathing - respirer, respiration, (breath), souffle, haleine
port wine - du vin de Porto
Mr. Wickham was the happy man towards whom almost every female eye was turned, and Elizabeth was the happy woman by whom he finally seated himself; and the agreeable manner in which he immediately fell into conversation, though it was only on its being a wet night, made her feel that the commonest, dullest, most threadbare topic might be rendered interesting by the skill of the speaker.
dullest - le plus ennuyeux, émoussé, ennuyeux, barbant, mat, terne, sot
most threadbare - le plus filiforme
With such rivals for the notice of the fair as Mr. Wickham and the officers, Mr. Collins seemed to sink into insignificance; to the young ladies he certainly was nothing; but he had still at intervals a kind listener in Mrs. Phillips, and was by her watchfulness, most abundantly supplied with coffee and muffin.
rivals - rivaux, rival, rivale, rivaliser
sink - couler, s'enfoncer, évier, lavabo
insignificance - l'insignifiance, insignifiance
intervals - intervalles, intervalle
watchfulness - la vigilance, vigilance
abundantly - abondamment
muffin - muffin
When the card-tables were placed, he had the opportunity of obliging her in turn, by sitting down to whist.
whist - whist
"I know little of the game at present," said he, "but I shall be glad to improve myself, for in my situation in life-" Mrs. Phillips was very glad for his compliance, but could not wait for his reason.
compliance - la conformité, conformité, acquiescement, conformisme
Mr. Wickham did not play at whist, and with ready delight was he received at the other table between Elizabeth and Lydia.
At first there seemed danger of Lydia's engrossing him entirely, for she was a most determined talker; but being likewise extremely fond of lottery tickets, she soon grew too much interested in the game, too eager in making bets and exclaiming after prizes to have attention for anyone in particular. Allowing for the common demands of the game, Mr.
engrossing - captivant, grossoyer, accaparer, rafler, s'emparer de
most determined - le plus déterminé
talker - Parleur
eager - enthousiaste, désireux
bets - paris, parier (sur)
exclaiming - s'exclamer, exclamer
demands - demandes, demande, exigence, exiger
Wickham was therefore at leisure to talk to Elizabeth, and she was very willing to hear him, though what she chiefly wished to hear she could not hope to be told-the history of his acquaintance with Mr. Darcy. She dared not even mention that gentleman. Her curiosity, however, was unexpectedly relieved. Mr. Wickham began the subject himself.
dared - osé, oser
unexpectedly - de maniere inattendue, surprenamment
relieved - soulagé, soulager, relayer, faire ses besoins, se soulager
He inquired how far Netherfield was from Meryton; and, after receiving her answer, asked in a hesitating manner how long Mr. Darcy had been staying there.
hesitating - hésitant, hésiter
"About a month," said Elizabeth; and then, unwilling to let the subject drop, added, "He is a man of very large property in Derbyshire, I understand."
"Yes," replied Mr. Wickham; "his estate there is a noble one. A clear ten thousand per annum. You could not have met with a person more capable of giving you certain information on that head than myself, for I have been connected with his family in a particular manner from my infancy."
per annum - par an
more capable - plus capable
Elizabeth could not but look surprised.
"You may well be surprised, Miss Bennet, at such an assertion, after seeing, as you probably might, the very cold manner of our meeting yesterday. Are you much acquainted with Mr. Darcy?"
assertion - assertion
"As much as I ever wish to be," cried Elizabeth very warmly. "I have spent four days in the same house with him, and I think him very disagreeable."
"I have no right to give my opinion," said Wickham, "as to his being agreeable or otherwise. I am not qualified to form one. I have known him too long and too well to be a fair judge. It is impossible for me to be impartial. But I believe your opinion of him would in general astonish-and perhaps you would not express it quite so strongly anywhere else. Here you are in your own family."
qualified - qualifiés, caractériser, qualifier, définir
impartial - impartiale
astonish - étonner, surprendre
"Upon my word, I say no more here than I might say in any house in the neighbourhood, except Netherfield. He is not at all liked in Hertfordshire. Everybody is disgusted with his pride. You will not find him more favourably spoken of by anyone."
disgusted - dégouté, dégouter, dégout
"I cannot pretend to be sorry," said Wickham, after a short interruption, "that he or that any man should not be estimated beyond their deserts; but with him I believe it does not often happen. The world is blinded by his fortune and consequence, or frightened by his high and imposing manners, and sees him only as he chooses to be seen."
estimated - estimée, estimation, devis, estimer
blinded - aveuglé, aveugle, mal-voyant, mal-voyante, store, blind
frightened - effrayé, effrayer, redouter, terrifier
imposing - imposant, imposer
"I should take him, even on my slight acquaintance, to be an ill-tempered man." Wickham only shook his head.
tempered - tempéré, caractere, tempérament, humeur, état d'esprit, recuit
"I wonder," said he, at the next opportunity of speaking, "whether he is likely to be in this country much longer."
"I do not at all know; but I heard nothing of his going away when I was at Netherfield. I hope your plans in favour of the --shire will not be affected by his being in the neighbourhood."
"Oh! no-it is not for me to be driven away by Mr. Darcy. If he wishes to avoid seeing me, he must go. We are not on friendly terms, and it always gives me pain to meet him, but I have no reason for avoiding him but what I might proclaim before all the world, a sense of very great ill-usage, and most painful regrets at his being what he is. His father, Miss Bennet, the late Mr.
driven away - chassé
proclaim - proclamer, déclarer
usage - l'utilisation, usage, coutume
most painful - le plus douloureux
regrets - des regrets, regretter, regret
Darcy, was one of the best men that ever breathed, and the truest friend I ever had; and I can never be in company with this Mr. Darcy without being grieved to the soul by a thousand tender recollections. His behaviour to myself has been scandalous; but I verily believe I could forgive him anything and everything, rather than his disappointing the hopes and disgracing the memory of his father."
breathed - respiré, respirer, inspirer, expirer
soul - âme
tender - l'appel d'offres, doux, adjudication, affectieux
scandalous - scandaleux
verily - en vérité, vraiment, véritablement, sans aucun doute
disgracing - déshonorant, honte, disgrâce, ignominie
Elizabeth found the interest of the subject increase, and listened with all her heart; but the delicacy of it prevented further inquiry.
Mr. Wickham began to speak on more general topics, Meryton, the neighbourhood, the society, appearing highly pleased with all that he had yet seen, and speaking of the latter with gentle but very intelligible gallantry.
gentle - gentil, doux
intelligible - intelligible
"It was the prospect of constant society, and good society," he added, "which was my chief inducement to enter the --shire. I knew it to be a most respectable, agreeable corps, and my friend Denny tempted me further by his account of their present quarters, and the very great attentions and excellent acquaintances Meryton had procured them. Society, I own, is necessary to me.
constant - constant, constante
most respectable - le plus respectable
procured - procuré, acquérir, obtenir, proxénétisme, procurer
I have been a disappointed man, and my spirits will not bear solitude. I must have employment and society. A military life is not what I was intended for, but circumstances have now made it eligible.
solitude - la solitude, solitude
employment - l'emploi, emploi, travail
military - militaire (1, 2), armée, troupes
circumstances - circonstances, circonstance
eligible - éligible, approprié
The church ought to have been my profession-I was brought up for the church, and I should at this time have been in possession of a most valuable living, had it pleased the gentleman we were speaking of just now."
"Yes-the late Mr. Darcy bequeathed me the next presentation of the best living in his gift. He was my godfather, and excessively attached to me. I cannot do justice to his kindness. He meant to provide for me amply, and thought he had done it; but when the living fell, it was given elsewhere."
bequeathed - légué, léguer, transmettre, passer, donner, offrir
godfather - parrain
attached - attachée, attacher
amply - amplement
"Good heavens!" cried Elizabeth; "but how could that be? How could his will be disregarded? Why did you not seek legal redress?"
Good heavens - Grands dieux
disregarded - ignorée, mépris, ignorer, mépriser
legal - légale, juridique, légal
redress - réparation, supprimer
"There was just such an informality in the terms of the bequest as to give me no hope from law. A man of honour could not have doubted the intention, but Mr. Darcy chose to doubt it-or to treat it as a merely conditional recommendation, and to assert that I had forfeited all claim to it by extravagance, imprudence-in short anything or nothing.
informality - l'informalité, informalité
bequest - legs
doubted - douté, douter, doute
treat - négocier, traiter, régaler, guérir, soigner
conditional - conditionnel
assert - affirmer, attester, asseoir
forfeited - perdue, gage, perdre, abandonner, déclarer forfait
claim - réclamation, titre, affirmation, revendication, demande
Certain it is, that the living became vacant two years ago, exactly as I was of an age to hold it, and that it was given to another man; and no less certain is it, that I cannot accuse myself of having really done anything to deserve to lose it. I have a warm, unguarded temper, and I may have spoken my opinion of him, and to him, too freely. I can recall nothing worse.
accuse - accuser
But the fact is, that we are very different sort of men, and that he hates me."
"This is quite shocking! He deserves to be publicly disgraced."
publicly - publiquement
disgraced - déshonorée, honte, disgrâce, ignominie
"Some time or other he will be-but it shall not be by me. Till I can forget his father, I can never defy or expose him."
Elizabeth honoured him for such feelings, and thought him handsomer than ever as he expressed them.
"But what," said she, after a pause, "can have been his motive? What can have induced him to behave so cruelly?"
induced - induite, induire
cruelly - cruellement
"A thorough, determined dislike of me-a dislike which I cannot but attribute in some measure to jealousy. Had the late Mr. Darcy liked me less, his son might have borne with me better; but his father's uncommon attachment to me irritated him, I believe, very early in life. He had not a temper to bear the sort of competition in which we stood-the sort of preference which was often given me."
attribute - attribut, épithete or déterminant
measure - mesure, mesurer
irritated - irritée, agacer (displeasure)
"I had not thought Mr. Darcy so bad as this-though I have never liked him. I had not thought so very ill of him. I had supposed him to be despising his fellow-creatures in general, but did not suspect him of descending to such malicious revenge, such injustice, such inhumanity as this."
creatures - créatures, créature, etre
suspect - suspecter, soupçonner, suspect
descending - descendant, descendre
malicious - malveillante
revenge - la vengeance, vengeance, revanche, venger
After a few minutes'reflection, however, she continued, "I do remember his boasting one day, at Netherfield, of the implacability of his resentments, of his having an unforgiving temper. His disposition must be dreadful."
implacability - l'implacabilité, implacabilité
resentments - les rancours, ressentiment, agacement, rancune
unforgiving - impitoyable
dreadful - épouvantable, redoutable, affreux, terrible
"I will not trust myself on the subject," replied Wickham; "I can hardly be just to him."
Elizabeth was again deep in thought, and after a time exclaimed, "To treat in such a manner the godson, the friend, the favourite of his father!
godson - filleul
" She could have added, "A young man, too, like you, whose very countenance may vouch for your being amiable"-but she contented herself with, "and one, too, who had probably been his companion from childhood, connected together, as I think you said, in the closest manner!"
vouch - entériner, se porter garant
contented - satisfait
childhood - l'enfance, enfance
"We were born in the same parish, within the same park; the greatest part of our youth was passed together; inmates of the same house, sharing the same amusements, objects of the same parental care. My father began life in the profession which your uncle, Mr. Phillips, appears to do so much credit to-but he gave up everything to be of use to the late Mr.
youth - la jeunesse, jeunesse, jeune, jeune homme, les jeunes
inmates - détenus, détenu, détenue, codétenu, codétenue, résident
parental - parentale
Darcy and devoted all his time to the care of the Pemberley property. He was most highly esteemed by Mr. Darcy, a most intimate, confidential friend. Mr. Darcy often acknowledged himself to be under the greatest obligations to my father's active superintendence, and when, immediately before my father's death, Mr.
devoted - dévouée, consacrer, vouer
most intimate - le plus intime
confidential - confidentiel
obligations - obligations, obligation, engagement, fr
superintendence - superintendance
Darcy gave him a voluntary promise of providing for me, I am convinced that he felt it to be as much a debt of gratitude to him, as of his affection to myself."
voluntary - volontaire, bénévole
debt - de la dette, dette
"How strange!" cried Elizabeth. "How abominable! I wonder that the very pride of this Mr. Darcy has not made him just to you! If from no better motive, that he should not have been too proud to be dishonest-for dishonesty I must call it."
dishonesty - malhonneteté, malhonneteté
"It is wonderful," replied Wickham, "for almost all his actions may be traced to pride; and pride had often been his best friend. It has connected him nearer with virtue than with any other feeling. But we are none of us consistent, and in his behaviour to me there were stronger impulses even than pride."
traced - tracé, trace
virtue - la vertu, vertu
consistent - cohérent
impulses - des impulsions, impulsion
"Can such abominable pride as his have ever done him good?"
"Yes. It has often led him to be liberal and generous, to give his money freely, to display hospitality, to assist his tenants, and relieve the poor. Family pride, and filial pride-for he is very proud of what his father was-have done this. Not to appear to disgrace his family, to degenerate from the popular qualities, or lose the influence of the Pemberley House, is a powerful motive.
liberal - libéral, large, généreux, de gauche
assist - assister, aider, passe décisive
tenants - locataires, (de) locataire
relieve - soulager, relayer, faire ses besoins, se soulager
disgrace - la disgrâce, honte, disgrâce, ignominie
degenerate - dégradé, dégénéré, dépravé, dégénérer
powerful - puissant
He has also brotherly pride, which, with some brotherly affection, makes him a very kind and careful guardian of his sister, and you will hear him generally cried up as the most attentive and best of brothers."
brotherly - fraternel
guardian - gardien, tuteur, tutrice, curateur, curatrice
most attentive - Le plus attentif
"What sort of girl is Miss Darcy?"
He shook his head. "I wish I could call her amiable. It gives me pain to speak ill of a Darcy. But she is too much like her brother-very, very proud. As a child, she was affectionate and pleasing, and extremely fond of me; and I have devoted hours and hours to her amusement. But she is nothing to me now. She is a handsome girl, about fifteen or sixteen, and, I understand, highly accomplished.
affectionate - affectueux
Since her father's death, her home has been London, where a lady lives with her, and superintends her education."
superintends - surintendants, surveiller, diriger
After many pauses and many trials of other subjects, Elizabeth could not help reverting once more to the first, and saying:
pauses - des pauses, pauser, pause
trials - des essais, proces
reverting - revenir en arriere, conversion, retomber, retourner, redevenir
"I am astonished at his intimacy with Mr. Bingley! How can Mr. Bingley, who seems good humour itself, and is, I really believe, truly amiable, be in friendship with such a man? How can they suit each other? Do you know Mr. Bingley?"
truly - vraiment
"Not at all."
"He is a sweet-tempered, amiable, charming man. He cannot know what Mr. Darcy is."
"Probably not; but Mr. Darcy can please where he chooses. He does not want abilities. He can be a conversible companion if he thinks it worth his while. Among those who are at all his equals in consequence, he is a very different man from what he is to the less prosperous.
conversible - convertible
equals - égaux, égal, égaler a, égale
prosperous - prospere
His pride never deserts him; but with the rich he is liberal-minded, just, sincere, rational, honourable, and perhaps agreeable-allowing something for fortune and figure."
sincere - sincere, sincere
honourable - honorable
The whist party soon afterwards breaking up, the players gathered round the other table and Mr. Collins took his station between his cousin Elizabeth and Mrs. Phillips. The usual inquiries as to his success were made by the latter. It had not been very great; he had lost every point; but when Mrs.
players - joueurs, joueur, joueuse, acteur, actrice, comédien, comédienne
gathered - rassemblés, rassembler, ramasser, recueillir
Phillips began to express her concern thereupon, he assured her with much earnest gravity that it was not of the least importance, that he considered the money as a mere trifle, and begged that she would not make herself uneasy.
gravity - la gravité, gravité, pesanteur
mere - simple
trifle - bagatelle, broutille, babiole, bricole
"I know very well, madam," said he, "that when persons sit down to a card-table, they must take their chances of these things, and happily I am not in such circumstances as to make five shillings any object. There are undoubtedly many who could not say the same, but thanks to Lady Catherine de Bourgh, I am removed far beyond the necessity of regarding little matters."
shillings - shillings, shilling
necessity - nécessité, besoin
regarding - concernant, considérer
Mr. Wickham's attention was caught; and after observing Mr. Collins for a few moments, he asked Elizabeth in a low voice whether her relation was very intimately acquainted with the family of de Bourgh.
intimately - intimement
"Lady Catherine de Bourgh," she replied, "has very lately given him a living. I hardly know how Mr. Collins was first introduced to her notice, but he certainly has not known her long."
"You know of course that Lady Catherine de Bourgh and Lady Anne Darcy were sisters; consequently that she is aunt to the present Mr. Darcy."
"No, indeed, I did not. I knew nothing at all of Lady Catherine's connections. I never heard of her existence till the day before yesterday."
existence - l'existence, existence
"Her daughter, Miss de Bourgh, will have a very large fortune, and it is believed that she and her cousin will unite the two estates."
unite - s'unir, unir
This information made Elizabeth smile, as she thought of poor Miss Bingley. Vain indeed must be all her attentions, vain and useless her affection for his sister and her praise of himself, if he were already self-destined for another.
useless - inutile, inutilisable, bon a rien
"Mr. Collins," said she, "speaks highly both of Lady Catherine and her daughter; but from some particulars that he has related of her ladyship, I suspect his gratitude misleads him, and that in spite of her being his patroness, she is an arrogant, conceited woman."
misleads - induit en erreur, égarer, mésinformer
"I believe her to be both in a great degree," replied Wickham; "I have not seen her for many years, but I very well remember that I never liked her, and that her manners were dictatorial and insolent.
dictatorial - dictatorial
insolent - insolent
She has the reputation of being remarkably sensible and clever; but I rather believe she derives part of her abilities from her rank and fortune, part from her authoritative manner, and the rest from the pride for her nephew, who chooses that everyone connected with him should have an understanding of the first class."
reputation - réputation, renommée (more slang)
derives - dérive, tirer, trouver, déduire, conclure, dériver
authoritative - qui fait autorité
nephew - neveu
Elizabeth allowed that he had given a very rational account of it, and they continued talking together, with mutual satisfaction till supper put an end to cards, and gave the rest of the ladies their share of Mr. Wickham's attentions. There could be no conversation in the noise of Mrs. Phillips's supper party, but his manners recommended him to everybody.
Whatever he said, was said well; and whatever he did, done gracefully. Elizabeth went away with her head full of him. She could think of nothing but of Mr. Wickham, and of what he had told her, all the way home; but there was not time for her even to mention his name as they went, for neither Lydia nor Mr. Collins were once silent.
gracefully - gracieusement
Lydia talked incessantly of lottery tickets, of the fish she had lost and the fish she had won; and Mr. Collins in describing the civility of Mr. and Mrs.
incessantly - sans cesse
Phillips, protesting that he did not in the least regard his losses at whist, enumerating all the dishes at supper, and repeatedly fearing that he crowded his cousins, had more to say than he could well manage before the carriage stopped at Longbourn House.
losses - pertes, perte
enumerating - l'énumération, énoncer, dénombrer
Elizabeth related to Jane the next day what had passed between Mr. Wickham and herself. Jane listened with astonishment and concern; she knew not how to believe that Mr. Darcy could be so unworthy of Mr. Bingley's regard; and yet, it was not in her nature to question the veracity of a young man of such amiable appearance as Wickham.
veracity - véracité, vérité, exactitude
The possibility of his having endured such unkindness, was enough to interest all her tender feelings; and nothing remained therefore to be done, but to think well of them both, to defend the conduct of each, and throw into the account of accident or mistake whatever could not be otherwise explained.
endured - enduré, endurer, perdurer, supporter
unkindness - la méchanceté
defend - défendre
"They have both," said she, "been deceived, I dare say, in some way or other, of which we can form no idea. Interested people have perhaps misrepresented each to the other. It is, in short, impossible for us to conjecture the causes or circumstances which may have alienated them, without actual blame on either side."
deceived - trompé, tromper, leurrer, séduire
alienated - aliénés, aliéner
actual - réel, effectif, checkeffectif, checkprésent
blame - blâme, gronder, blâment, blâmons, blâmez, blâmer
"Very true, indeed; and now, my dear Jane, what have you got to say on behalf of the interested people who have probably been concerned in the business? Do clear them too, or we shall be obliged to think ill of somebody."
be obliged - etre obligé
"Laugh as much as you choose, but you will not laugh me out of my opinion. My dearest Lizzy, do but consider in what a disgraceful light it places Mr. Darcy, to be treating his father's favourite in such a manner, one whom his father had promised to provide for. It is impossible. No man of common humanity, no man who had any value for his character, could be capable of it.
disgraceful - honteux
treating - traiter, traitant, (treat), négocier, régaler, guérir
humanity - l'humanité, humanité
capable - capable
Can his most intimate friends be so excessively deceived in him? Oh! no."
"I can much more easily believe Mr. Bingley's being imposed on, than that Mr. Wickham should invent such a history of himself as he gave me last night; names, facts, everything mentioned without ceremony. If it be not so, let Mr. Darcy contradict it. Besides, there was truth in his looks."
imposed - imposée, imposer
ceremony - cérémonie
contradict - contredire
"It is difficult indeed-it is distressing. One does not know what to think."
distressing - pénible, détresse
"I beg your pardon; one knows exactly what to think."
But Jane could think with certainty on only one point-that Mr. Bingley, if he had been imposed on, would have much to suffer when the affair became public.
certainty - certitude
The two young ladies were summoned from the shrubbery, where this conversation passed, by the arrival of the very persons of whom they had been speaking; Mr. Bingley and his sisters came to give their personal invitation for the long-expected ball at Netherfield, which was fixed for the following Tuesday.
The two ladies were delighted to see their dear friend again, called it an age since they had met, and repeatedly asked what she had been doing with herself since their separation. To the rest of the family they paid little attention; avoiding Mrs. Bennet as much as possible, saying not much to Elizabeth, and nothing at all to the others.
They were soon gone again, rising from their seats with an activity which took their brother by surprise, and hurrying off as if eager to escape from Mrs. Bennet's civilities.
hurrying - se dépecher, dépechant, (hurry), précipitation, hâte
The prospect of the Netherfield ball was extremely agreeable to every female of the family. Mrs. Bennet chose to consider it as given in compliment to her eldest daughter, and was particularly flattered by receiving the invitation from Mr. Bingley himself, instead of a ceremonious card.
ceremonious - cérémonieux
Jane pictured to herself a happy evening in the society of her two friends, and the attentions of their brother; and Elizabeth thought with pleasure of dancing a great deal with Mr. Wickham, and of seeing a confirmation of everything in Mr. Darcy's look and behaviour.
confirmation - confirmation, vérification
The happiness anticipated by Catherine and Lydia depended less on any single event, or any particular person, for though they each, like Elizabeth, meant to dance half the evening with Mr. Wickham, he was by no means the only partner who could satisfy them, and a ball was, at any rate, a ball. And even Mary could assure her family that she had no disinclination for it.
anticipated - anticipée, anticiper, prévoir
satisfy - satisfaire
disinclination - la réticence, réticence
"While I can have my mornings to myself," said she, "it is enough-I think it is no sacrifice to join occasionally in evening engagements. Society has claims on us all; and I profess myself one of those who consider intervals of recreation and amusement as desirable for everybody."
engagements - engagements, fiançailles-p
claims - demandes, réclamation, titre, affirmation
recreation - récréation, pacification
Elizabeth's spirits were so high on this occasion, that though she did not often speak unnecessarily to Mr. Collins, she could not help asking him whether he intended to accept Mr.
unnecessarily - inutilement
Bingley's invitation, and if he did, whether he would think it proper to join in the evening's amusement; and she was rather surprised to find that he entertained no scruple whatever on that head, and was very far from dreading a rebuke either from the Archbishop, or Lady Catherine de Bourgh, by venturing to dance.
scruple - scrupule
dreading - redouté, redouter, craindre, crainte
rebuke - la réprimande, reproche, réprimande, reprendre, réprimander
archbishop - archeveque, archeveque
venturing - s'aventurer, (venture), risquer, oser
"I am by no means of the opinion, I assure you," said he, "that a ball of this kind, given by a young man of character, to respectable people, can have any evil tendency; and I am so far from objecting to dancing myself, that I shall hope to be honoured with the hands of all my fair cousins in the course of the evening; and I take this opportunity of soliciting yours, Miss Elizabeth, for the two first dances especially, a preference which I trust my cousin Jane will attribute to the right cause, and not to any disrespect for her."
soliciting - sollicitation, (solicit) sollicitation
attribute to - attribuer a
disrespect - manque de respect, irrespect
Elizabeth felt herself completely taken in. She had fully proposed being engaged by Mr. Wickham for those very dances; and to have Mr. Collins instead! her liveliness had never been worse timed. There was no help for it, however. Mr. Wickham's happiness and her own were perforce delayed a little longer, and Mr. Collins's proposal accepted with as good a grace as she could.
liveliness - la vivacité, vitalité
perforce - perforce, forcément, nécessairement
delayed - retardée, retarder
grace - bénédicité, grâces, grâce, miséricorde
She was not the better pleased with his gallantry from the idea it suggested of something more. It now first struck her, that she was selected from among her sisters as worthy of being mistress of Hunsford Parsonage, and of assisting to form a quadrille table at Rosings, in the absence of more eligible visitors.
selected - sélectionné, sélect, choisir, sélectionner
worthy - digne
assisting - l'assistance, assister, aider, passe décisive
more eligible - plus éligible
The idea soon reached to conviction, as she observed his increasing civilities toward herself, and heard his frequent attempt at a compliment on her wit and vivacity; and though more astonished than gratified herself by this effect of her charms, it was not long before her mother gave her to understand that the probability of their marriage was extremely agreeable to her.
vivacity - vivacité
charms - des breloques, charme
Elizabeth, however, did not choose to take the hint, being well aware that a serious dispute must be the consequence of any reply. Mr. Collins might never make the offer, and till he did, it was useless to quarrel about him.
dispute - dispute, litige, discuter, argumenter, évaluer, contester
If there had not been a Netherfield ball to prepare for and talk of, the younger Miss Bennets would have been in a very pitiable state at this time, for from the day of the invitation, to the day of the ball, there was such a succession of rain as prevented their walking to Meryton once. No aunt, no officers, no news could be sought after-the very shoe-roses for Netherfield were got by proxy.
pitiable - pitoyable
succession - succession
sought - recherchée, chercher
roses - des roses, Rose
by proxy - par procuration
Even Elizabeth might have found some trial of her patience in weather which totally suspended the improvement of her acquaintance with Mr. Wickham; and nothing less than a dance on Tuesday, could have made such a Friday, Saturday, Sunday, and Monday endurable to Kitty and Lydia.
trial - proces, manipulation
suspended - suspendue, suspendre
endurable - durable
Till Elizabeth entered the drawing-room at Netherfield, and looked in vain for Mr. Wickham among the cluster of red coats there assembled, a doubt of his being present had never occurred to her. The certainty of meeting him had not been checked by any of those recollections that might not unreasonably have alarmed her.
cluster - cluster, groupe, grappe, régime, amas, rench: t-needed r
occurred - s'est produite, produire
unreasonably - de maniere déraisonnable
alarmed - alarmé, alarme, réveille-matin, réveil, alarmer, fr
She had dressed with more than usual care, and prepared in the highest spirits for the conquest of all that remained unsubdued of his heart, trusting that it was not more than might be won in the course of the evening. But in an instant arose the dreadful suspicion of his being purposely omitted for Mr.
conquest - conquete, conquete
unsubdued - insoumis
trusting - la confiance, confiance, trust, faire confiance
arose - s'est élevé, se lever, relever
suspicion - suspicion, soupçon
purposely - a dessein, expres
omitted - omis, omettre
Darcy's pleasure in the Bingleys'invitation to the officers; and though this was not exactly the case, the absolute fact of his absence was pronounced by his friend Denny, to whom Lydia eagerly applied, and who told them that Wickham had been obliged to go to town on business the day before, and was not yet returned; adding, with a significant smile, "I do not imagine his business would have called him away just now, if he had not wanted to avoid a certain gentleman here."
absolute - absolue, absolu
significant - significative, significatif
This part of his intelligence, though unheard by Lydia, was caught by Elizabeth, and, as it assured her that Darcy was not less answerable for Wickham's absence than if her first surmise had been just, every feeling of displeasure against the former was so sharpened by immediate disappointment, that she could hardly reply with tolerable civility to the polite inquiries which he directly afterwards approached to make. Attendance, forbearance, patience with Darcy, was injury to Wickham. She was resolved against any sort of conversation with him, and turned away with a degree of ill-humour which she could not wholly surmount even in speaking to Mr. Bingley, whose blind partiality provoked her.
unheard - non entendue
answerable - répondre
surmise - présumer, supposer, suspecter
displeasure - mécontentement, dépncisir, courroux
immediate - immédiate, immédiat, proche
disappointment - déception
approached - approché, (s')approcher (de)
attendance - l'assiduité, présence
forbearance - l'abstention, longanimité
surmount - surmonter
provoked - provoquée, provoquer
But Elizabeth was not formed for ill-humour; and though every prospect of her own was destroyed for the evening, it could not dwell long on her spirits; and having told all her griefs to Charlotte Lucas, whom she had not seen for a week, she was soon able to make a voluntary transition to the oddities of her cousin, and to point him out to her particular notice.
dwell - s'attarder, résider, s'appesantir sur
griefs - griefs, douleur, peine
transition - transition, transitionner, faire une transition
oddities - bizarreries, bizarrerie, excentricité
The first two dances, however, brought a return of distress; they were dances of mortification. Mr. Collins, awkward and solemn, apologising instead of attending, and often moving wrong without being aware of it, gave her all the shame and misery which a disagreeable partner for a couple of dances can give. The moment of her release from him was ecstasy.
distress - la détresse, détresse
mortification - mortification
awkward - maladroit, gauche, embarrassant, inconvenant
solemn - solennel
misery - la misere, misere
release - libération, lâcher, laisser, acquitement, libérent
ecstasy - l'ecstasy, extase, ecstasy, exta
She danced next with an officer, and had the refreshment of talking of Wickham, and of hearing that he was universally liked. When those dances were over, she returned to Charlotte Lucas, and was in conversation with her, when she found herself suddenly addressed by Mr. Darcy who took her so much by surprise in his application for her hand, that, without knowing what she did, she accepted him.
refreshment - un rafraîchissement, rafraîchissement
He walked away again immediately, and she was left to fret over her own want of presence of mind; Charlotte tried to console her:
fret - fret, (se) tracasser (pour)
console - console, consolons, consolent, consoler, consolez
"I dare say you will find him very agreeable."
"Heaven forbid! That would be the greatest misfortune of all! To find a man agreeable whom one is determined to hate! Do not wish me such an evil."
Heaven - le paradis, ciel, paradis, au-dela, cieux
forbid - interdire, nier, dénier
When the dancing recommenced, however, and Darcy approached to claim her hand, Charlotte could not help cautioning her in a whisper, not to be a simpleton, and allow her fancy for Wickham to make her appear unpleasant in the eyes of a man ten times his consequence.
recommenced - repris, recommencer
cautioning - la mise en garde, admonition, fr
unpleasant - déplaisant, pénible, désagréable
Elizabeth made no answer, and took her place in the set, amazed at the dignity to which she was arrived in being allowed to stand opposite to Mr. Darcy, and reading in her neighbours'looks, their equal amazement in beholding it.
dignity - dignité, forme, rang
opposite to - en face de
amazement - l'étonnement, stupéfaction, stupeur
They stood for some time without speaking a word; and she began to imagine that their silence was to last through the two dances, and at first was resolved not to break it; till suddenly fancying that it would be the greater punishment to her partner to oblige him to talk, she made some slight observation on the dance. He replied, and was again silent.
After a pause of some minutes, she addressed him a second time with:-"It is your turn to say something now, Mr. Darcy. I talked about the dance, and you ought to make some sort of remark on the size of the room, or the number of couples."
He smiled, and assured her that whatever she wished him to say should be said.
"Very well. That reply will do for the present. Perhaps by and by I may observe that private balls are much pleasanter than public ones. But now we may be silent."
"Do you talk by rule, then, while you are dancing?"
"Sometimes. One must speak a little, you know. It would look odd to be entirely silent for half an hour together; and yet for the advantage of some, conversation ought to be so arranged, as that they may have the trouble of saying as little as possible."
"Are you consulting your own feelings in the present case, or do you imagine that you are gratifying mine?"
consulting - consultation, concerter
gratifying - gratifiante, gratifier
"Both," replied Elizabeth archly; "for I have always seen a great similarity in the turn of our minds. We are each of an unsocial, taciturn disposition, unwilling to speak, unless we expect to say something that will amaze the whole room, and be handed down to posterity with all the eclat of a proverb."
similarity - similarité, similitude
unsocial - asocial
taciturn - taciturne
amaze - étonner, stupéfier
posterity - la postérité, postérité
eclat - eclat
proverb - proverbe
"This is no very striking resemblance of your own character, I am sure," said he. "How near it may be to mine, I cannot pretend to say. You think it a faithful portrait undoubtedly."
striking - frappant, éclatant, (strike), biffer, rayer, barrer, frapper
resemblance - ressemblance, comparaison, probabilité
portrait - portrait
"I must not decide on my own performance."
He made no answer, and they were again silent till they had gone down the dance, when he asked her if she and her sisters did not very often walk to Meryton. She answered in the affirmative, and, unable to resist the temptation, added, "When you met us there the other day, we had just been forming a new acquaintance."
affirmative - affirmatif, phrase affirmative
resist - résister
temptation - la tentation, tentation
The effect was immediate. A deeper shade of hauteur overspread his features, but he said not a word, and Elizabeth, though blaming herself for her own weakness, could not go on. At length Darcy spoke, and in a constrained manner said, "Mr. Wickham is blessed with such happy manners as may ensure his making friends-whether he may be equally capable of retaining them, is less certain."
hauteur - fierté
overspread - se répandre
blaming - blâmer
constrained - contraint, astreindre, contraindre, confiner
blessed - bienheureux, béni, (bless)
ensure - assurer
retaining - la conservation, retenir, conserver, maintenir
"He has been so unlucky as to lose your friendship," replied Elizabeth with emphasis, "and in a manner which he is likely to suffer from all his life."
emphasis - l'accent, accent, emphase, graisse (4)
Darcy made no answer, and seemed desirous of changing the subject. At that moment, Sir William Lucas appeared close to them, meaning to pass through the set to the other side of the room; but on perceiving Mr. Darcy, he stopped with a bow of superior courtesy to compliment him on his dancing and his partner.
desirous - désireux
perceiving - percevoir, apercevant, (perceive)
courtesy - courtoisie, politesse, indulgence
"I have been most highly gratified indeed, my dear sir. Such very superior dancing is not often seen. It is evident that you belong to the first circles. Allow me to say, however, that your fair partner does not disgrace you, and that I must hope to have this pleasure often repeated, especially when a certain desirable event, my dear Eliza (glancing at her sister and Bingley) shall take place.
often repeated - souvent répétées
What congratulations will then flow in! I appeal to Mr. Darcy:-but let me not interrupt you, sir. You will not thank me for detaining you from the bewitching converse of that young lady, whose bright eyes are also upbraiding me."
congratulations - félicitations, félicitation
flow in - d'entrer
appeal - appel, manifeste, vocation, pourvoi
interrupt - interrompre, couper
detaining - la détention, détenir, arreter
bewitching - envoutant, ensorceler, envouter
upbraiding - le harcelement, donnée, (upbraid), gronder, reprendre
The latter part of this address was scarcely heard by Darcy; but Sir William's allusion to his friend seemed to strike him forcibly, and his eyes were directed with a very serious expression towards Bingley and Jane, who were dancing together. Recovering himself, however, shortly, he turned to his partner, and said, "Sir William's interruption has made me forget what we were talking of."
allusion - allusion
strike - greve, biffer, rayer, barrer, frapper, battre, faire greve
forcibly - de force
shortly - dans peu de temps, rapidement, brievement
"I do not think we were speaking at all. Sir William could not have interrupted two people in the room who had less to say for themselves. We have tried two or three subjects already without success, and what we are to talk of next I cannot imagine."
"What think you of books?" said he, smiling.
"Books-oh! no. I am sure we never read the same, or not with the same feelings."
"I am sorry you think so; but if that be the case, there can at least be no want of subject. We may compare our different opinions."
"No-I cannot talk of books in a ball-room; my head is always full of something else."
"The present always occupies you in such scenes-does it?" said he, with a look of doubt.
occupies - occupe, occuper, habiter
"Yes, always," she replied, without knowing what she said, for her thoughts had wandered far from the subject, as soon afterwards appeared by her suddenly exclaiming, "I remember hearing you once say, Mr. Darcy, that you hardly ever forgave, that your resentment once created was unappeasable. You are very cautious, I suppose, as to its being created."
wandered - erré, errer, vaguer, divaguer
forgave - pardonné, pardonner
unappeasable - insaisissable
"I am," said he, with a firm voice.
"And never allow yourself to be blinded by prejudice?"
prejudice - préjugés, préjugé, idée préconçue, préjudice
"I hope not."
"It is particularly incumbent on those who never change their opinion, to be secure of judging properly at first."
judging - juger
"May I ask to what these questions tend?"
tend - tendent, garder
"Merely to the illustration of your character," said she, endeavouring to shake off her gravity. "I am trying to make it out."
illustration - illustration, représentation
endeavouring - s'efforcer, s'efforcer (de)
shake off - se secouer
"And what is your success?"
She shook her head. "I do not get on at all. I hear such different accounts of you as puzzle me exceedingly."
accounts - comptes, compte
puzzle - mystere, énigme, puzzle, casse-tete, jeu de patience, devinette
"I can readily believe," answered he gravely, "that reports may vary greatly with respect to me; and I could wish, Miss Bennet, that you were not to sketch my character at the present moment, as there is reason to fear that the performance would reflect no credit on either."
sketch - croquis, croquer, esquisser, esquisse, ébauche, sketch
reflect - refléter, réfléchir, se refléter, suivre
"But if I do not take your likeness now, I may never have another opportunity."
"I would by no means suspend any pleasure of yours," he coldly replied. She said no more, and they went down the other dance and parted in silence; and on each side dissatisfied, though not to an equal degree, for in Darcy's breast there was a tolerably powerful feeling towards her, which soon procured her pardon, and directed all his anger against another.
suspend - suspendre, mettre en suspension
breast - sein, poitrine, cour, poitrail, blanc
anger - la colere, colere, ire, courroux, rage
They had not long separated, when Miss Bingley came towards her, and with an expression of civil disdain accosted her:
disdain - dédain, mépris, dédaigner, mépriser
"So, Miss Eliza, I hear you are quite delighted with George Wickham! Your sister has been talking to me about him, and asking me a thousand questions; and I find that the young man quite forgot to tell you, among his other communication, that he was the son of old Wickham, the late Mr. Darcy's steward.
George - george, Georges, Jorioz
steward - steward, intendant
Let me recommend you, however, as a friend, not to give implicit confidence to all his assertions; for as to Mr. Darcy's using him ill, it is perfectly false; for, on the contrary, he has always been remarkably kind to him, though George Wickham has treated Mr. Darcy in a most infamous manner. I do not know the particulars, but I know very well that Mr.
implicit - implicite
assertions - affirmations, assertion, qualifier
most infamous - le plus infâme
Darcy is not in the least to blame, that he cannot bear to hear George Wickham mentioned, and that though my brother thought that he could not well avoid including him in his invitation to the officers, he was excessively glad to find that he had taken himself out of the way. His coming into the country at all is a most insolent thing, indeed, and I wonder how he could presume to do it.
I pity you, Miss Eliza, for this discovery of your favourite's guilt; but really, considering his descent, one could not expect much better."
descent - descente, origine, ascendance
"His guilt and his descent appear by your account to be the same," said Elizabeth angrily; "for I have heard you accuse him of nothing worse than of being the son of Mr. Darcy's steward, and of that, I can assure you, he informed me himself."
"I beg your pardon," replied Miss Bingley, turning away with a sneer. "Excuse my interference-it was kindly meant."
sneer - ricaner
interference - l'interférence, ingérence, interférence
"Insolent girl!" said Elizabeth to herself. "You are much mistaken if you expect to influence me by such a paltry attack as this. I see nothing in it but your own wilful ignorance and the malice of Mr. Darcy." She then sought her eldest sister, who had undertaken to make inquiries on the same subject of Bingley.
ignorance - l'ignorance, ignorance
malice - malveillance, méchanceté
undertaken - entrepris, entreprendre
Jane met her with a smile of such sweet complacency, a glow of such happy expression, as sufficiently marked how well she was satisfied with the occurrences of the evening. Elizabeth instantly read her feelings, and at that moment solicitude for Wickham, resentment against his enemies, and everything else, gave way before the hope of Jane's being in the fairest way for happiness.
glow - l'éclat, briller, luire, irradier, lueur, éclat
occurrences - des événements, occurrence
enemies - ennemis, ennemi, ennemie
"I want to know," said she, with a countenance no less smiling than her sister's, "what you have learnt about Mr. Wickham. But perhaps you have been too pleasantly engaged to think of any third person; in which case you may be sure of my pardon."
"No," replied Jane, "I have not forgotten him; but I have nothing satisfactory to tell you. Mr. Bingley does not know the whole of his history, and is quite ignorant of the circumstances which have principally offended Mr. Darcy; but he will vouch for the good conduct, the probity, and honour of his friend, and is perfectly convinced that Mr. Wickham has deserved much less attention from Mr.
satisfactory to - satisfaisant pour
Darcy than he has received; and I am sorry to say by his account as well as his sister's, Mr. Wickham is by no means a respectable young man. I am afraid he has been very imprudent, and has deserved to lose Mr. Darcy's regard."
"Mr. Bingley does not know Mr. Wickham himself?"
"No; he never saw him till the other morning at Meryton."
"This account then is what he has received from Mr. Darcy. I am satisfied. But what does he say of the living?"
"He does not exactly recollect the circumstances, though he has heard them from Mr. Darcy more than once, but he believes that it was left to him conditionally only."
recollect - se souvenir, se ressaisir
conditionally - sous conditions
"I have not a doubt of Mr. Bingley's sincerity," said Elizabeth warmly; "but you must excuse my not being convinced by assurances only. Mr. Bingley's defense of his friend was a very able one, I dare say; but since he is unacquainted with several parts of the story, and has learnt the rest from that friend himself, I shall venture to still think of both gentlemen as I did before."
sincerity - la sincérité, sincérité
assurances - des assurances, assurance, culot
defense - la défense, défense
unacquainted - pas connu
She then changed the discourse to one more gratifying to each, and on which there could be no difference of sentiment. Elizabeth listened with delight to the happy, though modest hopes which Jane entertained of Mr. Bingley's regard, and said all in her power to heighten her confidence in it. On their being joined by Mr.
discourse - discours, conversation, checkdiscussion, checkexposé
sentiment - sentiment
modest - modeste, (mod)
heighten - augmenter, hausser
Bingley himself, Elizabeth withdrew to Miss Lucas; to whose inquiry after the pleasantness of her last partner she had scarcely replied, before Mr. Collins came up to them, and told her with great exultation that he had just been so fortunate as to make a most important discovery.
exultation - exultation
"I have found out," said he, "by a singular accident, that there is now in the room a near relation of my patroness. I happened to overhear the gentleman himself mentioning to the young lady who does the honours of the house the names of his cousin Miss de Bourgh, and of her mother Lady Catherine. How wonderfully these sort of things occur!
honours - des honneurs, honneur
Who would have thought of my meeting with, perhaps, a nephew of Lady Catherine de Bourgh in this assembly! I am most thankful that the discovery is made in time for me to pay my respects to him, which I am now going to do, and trust he will excuse my not having done it before. My total ignorance of the connection must plead my apology."
respects - respecte, respect, respecter
Total - total, somme, entier, tout, totaliser
plead - plaider
"You are not going to introduce yourself to Mr. Darcy!"
"Indeed I am. I shall entreat his pardon for not having done it earlier. I believe him to be Lady Catherine's nephew. It will be in my power to assure him that her ladyship was quite well yesterday se'nnight."
se - échafauder
nnight - nuit
Elizabeth tried hard to dissuade him from such a scheme, assuring him that Mr. Darcy would consider his addressing him without introduction as an impertinent freedom, rather than a compliment to his aunt; that it was not in the least necessary there should be any notice on either side; and that if it were, it must belong to Mr. Darcy, the superior in consequence, to begin the acquaintance. Mr.
dissuade - dissuader
freedom - la liberté, liberté
Collins listened to her with the determined air of following his own inclination, and, when she ceased speaking, replied thus:
ceased - cessé, cesser, s'arreter, cesser de + 'infinitive'
"My dear Miss Elizabeth, I have the highest opinion in the world in your excellent judgement in all matters within the scope of your understanding; but permit me to say, that there must be a wide difference between the established forms of ceremony amongst the laity, and those which regulate the clergy; for, give me leave to observe that I consider the clerical office as equal in point of dignity with the highest rank in the kingdom-provided that a proper humility of behaviour is at the same time maintained. You must therefore allow me to follow the dictates of my conscience on this occasion, which leads me to perform what I look on as a point of duty. Pardon me for neglecting to profit by your advice, which on every other subject shall be my constant guide, though in the case before us I consider myself more fitted by education and habitual study to decide on what is right than a young lady like yourself." And with a low bow he left her to attack Mr. Darcy, whose reception of his advances she eagerly watched, and whose astonishment at being so addressed was very evident. Her cousin prefaced his speech with a solemn bow and though she could not hear a word of it, she felt as if hearing it all, and saw in the motion of his lips the words "apology," "Hunsford," and "Lady Catherine de Bourgh." It vexed her to see him expose himself to such a man. Mr. Darcy was eyeing him with unrestrained wonder, and when at last Mr. Collins allowed him time to speak, replied with an air of distant civility. Mr. Collins, however, was not discouraged from speaking again, and Mr. Darcy's contempt seemed abundantly increasing with the length of his second speech, and at the end of it he only made him a slight bow, and moved another way. Mr. Collins then returned to Elizabeth.
scope - champ d'application, bordure, allonge, scope
permit - permis, permettre, permets, permettons, permettez
A wide difference - une grande différence
laity - laics, laicat
regulate - réglementer, régler
clergy - le clergé, clergé
clerical - administratif, clérical
maintained - maintenue, entretenir, maintenir
dictates - dicte, dicter
conscience - conscience
leads - des pistes, conduire, mener
neglecting - négliger, négligence
profit - profit, gain, bénéfice, servir, profiter
habitual - habituel
advances - des avancées, élever, avancer, avancée, progression
prefaced - préfacé, préface, préfacer
motion - mouvement, motion
unrestrained - sans retenue
discouraged - découragé, décourager, dissuader
"I have no reason, I assure you," said he, "to be dissatisfied with my reception. Mr. Darcy seemed much pleased with the attention. He answered me with the utmost civility, and even paid me the compliment of saying that he was so well convinced of Lady Catherine's discernment as to be certain she could never bestow a favour unworthily. It was really a very handsome thought.
unworthily - indigne
Upon the whole, I am much pleased with him."
As Elizabeth had no longer any interest of her own to pursue, she turned her attention almost entirely on her sister and Mr. Bingley; and the train of agreeable reflections which her observations gave birth to, made her perhaps almost as happy as Jane.
pursue - poursuivre, rechercher
She saw her in idea settled in that very house, in all the felicity which a marriage of true affection could bestow; and she felt capable, under such circumstances, of endeavouring even to like Bingley's two sisters. Her mother's thoughts she plainly saw were bent the same way, and she determined not to venture near her, lest she might hear too much.
plainly - en toute clarté, simplement, clairement
bent - plié, courba, courbai, courbés, courbé, cambrai
When they sat down to supper, therefore, she considered it a most unlucky perverseness which placed them within one of each other; and deeply was she vexed to find that her mother was talking to that one person (Lady Lucas) freely, openly, and of nothing else but her expectation that Jane would soon be married to Mr. Bingley. It was an animating subject, and Mrs.
perverseness - perversité
openly - ouvertement
expectation - attentes, attente
animating - animer, animé
Bennet seemed incapable of fatigue while enumerating the advantages of the match. His being such a charming young man, and so rich, and living but three miles from them, were the first points of self-gratulation; and then it was such a comfort to think how fond the two sisters were of Jane, and to be certain that they must desire the connection as much as she could do.
fatigue - la fatigue, fatigue, épuisement, corvée, fatiguer
gratulation - la gratification
It was, moreover, such a promising thing for her younger daughters, as Jane's marrying so greatly must throw them in the way of other rich men; and lastly, it was so pleasant at her time of life to be able to consign her single daughters to the care of their sister, that she might not be obliged to go into company more than she liked.
Lastly - enfin, finalement
consign - consigner, consignent, consignez, consignons
It was necessary to make this circumstance a matter of pleasure, because on such occasions it is the etiquette; but no one was less likely than Mrs. Bennet to find comfort in staying home at any period of her life. She concluded with many good wishes that Lady Lucas might soon be equally fortunate, though evidently and triumphantly believing there was no chance of it.
etiquette - l'étiquette, étiquette
concluded - conclu, conclure
good wishes - Meilleur voux
evidently - évidemment, de toute évidence, manifestement
In vain did Elizabeth endeavour to check the rapidity of her mother's words, or persuade her to describe her felicity in a less audible whisper; for, to her inexpressible vexation, she could perceive that the chief of it was overheard by Mr. Darcy, who sat opposite to them. Her mother only scolded her for being nonsensical.
audible - audible
inexpressible - inexprimable
scolded - grondé, chipie, furie, mégere, gronder, réprimander, tancer
"What is Mr. Darcy to me, pray, that I should be afraid of him? I am sure we owe him no such particular civility as to be obliged to say nothing he may not like to hear."
owe - doit, devoir
"For heaven's sake, madam, speak lower. What advantage can it be for you to offend Mr. Darcy? You will never recommend yourself to his friend by so doing!"
Nothing that she could say, however, had any influence. Her mother would talk of her views in the same intelligible tone. Elizabeth blushed and blushed again with shame and vexation. She could not help frequently glancing her eye at Mr.
blushed - rougi, rougeur
Darcy, though every glance convinced her of what she dreaded; for though he was not always looking at her mother, she was convinced that his attention was invariably fixed by her. The expression of his face changed gradually from indignant contempt to a composed and steady gravity.
dreaded - redouté, redouter, craindre, crainte
invariably - invariablement
gradually - progressivement
indignant - indigné
composed - composé, composer
At length, however, Mrs. Bennet had no more to say; and Lady Lucas, who had been long yawning at the repetition of delights which she saw no likelihood of sharing, was left to the comforts of cold ham and chicken. Elizabeth now began to revive.
yawning - bâillements, (yawn), bâiller, béer, bâillement
repetition - répétition
likelihood - la vraisemblance, vraisemblance
comforts - le confort, confort, consoler
Ham - le jambon, jambon
But not long was the interval of tranquillity; for, when supper was over, singing was talked of, and she had the mortification of seeing Mary, after very little entreaty, preparing to oblige the company.
entreaty - demande, supplication
By many significant looks and silent entreaties, did she endeavour to prevent such a proof of complaisance, but in vain; Mary would not understand them; such an opportunity of exhibiting was delightful to her, and she began her song.
Proof - la preuve, preuve, épreuve
exhibiting - exposer, exposition, piece a conviction
Elizabeth's eyes were fixed on her with most painful sensations, and she watched her progress through the several stanzas with an impatience which was very ill rewarded at their close; for Mary, on receiving, amongst the thanks of the table, the hint of a hope that she might be prevailed on to favour them again, after the pause of half a minute began another.
painful - douloureux, laborieux
sensations - sensations, sensation
stanzas - strophes, strophe, stance
Impatience - impatience
rewarded - récompensée, récompense
Mary's powers were by no means fitted for such a display; her voice was weak, and her manner affected. Elizabeth was in agonies. She looked at Jane, to see how she bore it; but Jane was very composedly talking to Bingley. She looked at his two sisters, and saw them making signs of derision at each other, and at Darcy, who continued, however, imperturbably grave.
agonies - agonies, agonie, angoisse
composedly - calmement
Derision - dérision
imperturbably - imperturbablement
She looked at her father to entreat his interference, lest Mary should be singing all night. He took the hint, and when Mary had finished her second song, said aloud, "That will do extremely well, child. You have delighted us long enough. Let the other young ladies have time to exhibit."
exhibit - exposer, exposition, piece a conviction
Mary, though pretending not to hear, was somewhat disconcerted; and Elizabeth, sorry for her, and sorry for her father's speech, was afraid her anxiety had done no good. Others of the party were now applied to.
pretending - faire semblant, prétendre, prétendre a, feindre
"If I," said Mr. Collins, "were so fortunate as to be able to sing, I should have great pleasure, I am sure, in obliging the company with an air; for I consider music as a very innocent diversion, and perfectly compatible with the profession of a clergyman.
innocent - innocent
diversion - diversion, déviation
compatible - compatible
I do not mean, however, to assert that we can be justified in devoting too much of our time to music, for there are certainly other things to be attended to. The rector of a parish has much to do. In the first place, he must make such an agreement for tithes as may be beneficial to himself and not offensive to his patron.
justified - justifiée, justifier
devoting - consacrer, vouer
tithes - dîmes, dîme
beneficial - bénéfique
offensive - offensant, offensif, offensive
patron - patron, mécene, client
He must write his own sermons; and the time that remains will not be too much for his parish duties, and the care and improvement of his dwelling, which he cannot be excused from making as comfortable as possible. And I do not think it of light importance that he should have attentive and conciliatory manners towards everybody, especially towards those to whom he owes his preferment.
duties - fonctions, devoir, obligation, service, travail, taxe
dwelling - logement, demeure, (dwell), résider, s'appesantir sur
excused - excusé, excuser, pardonner, justifier
conciliatory - conciliant
owes - doit, devoir
preferment - Prématuration
I cannot acquit him of that duty; nor could I think well of the man who should omit an occasion of testifying his respect towards anybody connected with the family." And with a bow to Mr. Darcy, he concluded his speech, which had been spoken so loud as to be heard by half the room. Many stared-many smiled; but no one looked more amused than Mr.
acquit - acquitter, innocenter
omit - omettre
testifying - témoigner, attester
bow to - s'incliner devant
more amused - plus amusé
Bennet himself, while his wife seriously commended Mr. Collins for having spoken so sensibly, and observed in a half-whisper to Lady Lucas, that he was a remarkably clever, good kind of young man.
seriously - sérieusement, gravement, sérieux
commended - félicité, féliciter, recommander
sensibly - raisonnablement
To Elizabeth it appeared that, had her family made an agreement to expose themselves as much as they could during the evening, it would have been impossible for them to play their parts with more spirit or finer success; and happy did she think it for Bingley and her sister that some of the exhibition had escaped his notice, and that his feelings were not of a sort to be much distressed by the folly which he must have witnessed. That his two sisters and Mr. Darcy, however, should have such an opportunity of ridiculing her relations, was bad enough, and she could not determine whether the silent contempt of the gentleman, or the insolent smiles of the ladies, were more intolerable.
distressed - en détresse, détresse
ridiculing - ridiculiser, tourner en ridicule
more intolerable - plus intolérable
The rest of the evening brought her little amusement. She was teased by Mr. Collins, who continued most perseveringly by her side, and though he could not prevail on her to dance with him again, put it out of her power to dance with others. In vain did she entreat him to stand up with somebody else, and offer to introduce him to any young lady in the room.
perseveringly - avec persévérance
prevail - dominer, prévaloir, l'emporter, prédominer, persuader
He assured her, that as to dancing, he was perfectly indifferent to it; that his chief object was by delicate attentions to recommend himself to her and that he should therefore make a point of remaining close to her the whole evening. There was no arguing upon such a project. She owed her greatest relief to her friend Miss Lucas, who often joined them, and good-naturedly engaged Mr.
owed - du, devoir
naturedly - de façon naturelle
Collins's conversation to herself.
She was at least free from the offense of Mr. Darcy's further notice; though often standing within a very short distance of her, quite disengaged, he never came near enough to speak. She felt it to be the probable consequence of her allusions to Mr. Wickham, and rejoiced in it.
probable - probable
allusions - des allusions, allusion
rejoiced - s'est réjoui, réjouir
The Longbourn party were the last of all the company to depart, and, by a manoeuvre of Mrs. Bennet, had to wait for their carriage a quarter of an hour after everybody else was gone, which gave them time to see how heartily they were wished away by some of the family. Mrs.
depart - partir, s’en aller, dévier, quitter
manoeuvre - manouvre, manoeuvrer
Hurst and her sister scarcely opened their mouths, except to complain of fatigue, and were evidently impatient to have the house to themselves. They repulsed every attempt of Mrs. Bennet at conversation, and by so doing threw a languor over the whole party, which was very little relieved by the long speeches of Mr. Collins, who was complimenting Mr.
repulsed - repoussé, repousser
languor - langueur
complimenting - des compliments, compliment, complimenter, faire un compliment
Bingley and his sisters on the elegance of their entertainment, and the hospitality and politeness which had marked their behaviour to their guests. Darcy said nothing at all. Mr. Bennet, in equal silence, was enjoying the scene. Mr. Bingley and Jane were standing together, a little detached from the rest, and talked only to each other. Elizabeth preserved as steady a silence as either Mrs.
standing together - debout ensemble
detached - détaché, détacher
preserved - préservée, confiture, conserve, réserve naturelle
Hurst or Miss Bingley; and even Lydia was too much fatigued to utter more than the occasional exclamation of "Lord, how tired I am!" accompanied by a violent yawn.
utter - l'utérus, émettre
When at length they arose to take leave, Mrs. Bennet was most pressingly civil in her hope of seeing the whole family soon at Longbourn, and addressed herself especially to Mr. Bingley, to assure him how happy he would make them by eating a family dinner with them at any time, without the ceremony of a formal invitation.
take leave - prendre congé
pressingly - de maniere pressante
Bingley was all grateful pleasure, and he readily engaged for taking the earliest opportunity of waiting on her, after his return from London, whither he was obliged to go the next day for a short time.
whither - ou
Mrs. Bennet was perfectly satisfied, and quitted the house under the delightful persuasion that, allowing for the necessary preparations of settlements, new carriages, and wedding clothes, she should undoubtedly see her daughter settled at Netherfield in the course of three or four months. Of having another daughter married to Mr.
quitted - a démissionné, quitter, abandonner
preparations - préparations, préparation, concoction
settlements - des reglements, reglement, solution, colonie, agglomération
carriages - les wagons, rench: -neededr, carrosse, port, chariot
Collins, she thought with equal certainty, and with considerable, though not equal, pleasure. Elizabeth was the least dear to her of all her children; and though the man and the match were quite good enough for her, the worth of each was eclipsed by Mr. Bingley and Netherfield.
eclipsed - éclipsé, éclipse, éclipser
The next day opened a new scene at Longbourn. Mr. Collins made his declaration in form.
declaration - déclaration
Having resolved to do it without loss of time, as his leave of absence extended only to the following Saturday, and having no feelings of diffidence to make it distressing to himself even at the moment, he set about it in a very orderly manner, with all the observances, which he supposed a regular part of the business. On finding Mrs.
resolved to do - résolu a faire
loss of time - perte de temps
extended - étendu, étendre, prolonger
diffidence - la défiance, timidité
set about - a propos de
orderly - ordonné, planton
observances - les observances, observance
Bennet, Elizabeth, and one of the younger girls together, soon after breakfast, he addressed the mother in these words:
"May I hope, madam, for your interest with your fair daughter Elizabeth, when I solicit for the honour of a private audience with her in the course of this morning?"
Before Elizabeth had time for anything but a blush of surprise, Mrs. Bennet answered instantly, "Oh dear!-yes-certainly. I am sure Lizzy will be very happy-I am sure she can have no objection. Come, Kitty, I want you up stairs." And, gathering her work together, she was hastening away, when Elizabeth called out:
blush - rougir
gathering - rassemblement, cueillant, amassant, ramassage
hastening - se hâter, dépecher
"Dear madam, do not go. I beg you will not go. Mr. Collins must excuse me. He can have nothing to say to me that anybody need not hear. I am going away myself."
"No, no, nonsense, Lizzy. I desire you to stay where you are." And upon Elizabeth's seeming really, with vexed and embarrassed looks, about to escape, she added: "Lizzy, I insist upon your staying and hearing Mr. Collins."
embarrassed - embarrassé, embarrasser, gener
Elizabeth would not oppose such an injunction-and a moment's consideration making her also sensible that it would be wisest to get it over as soon and as quietly as possible, she sat down again and tried to conceal, by incessant employment the feelings which were divided between distress and diversion. Mrs. Bennet and Kitty walked off, and as soon as they were gone, Mr. Collins began.
oppose - s'opposer a
injunction - injonction
incessant - incessant
"Believe me, my dear Miss Elizabeth, that your modesty, so far from doing you any disservice, rather adds to your other perfections. You would have been less amiable in my eyes had there not been this little unwillingness; but allow me to assure you, that I have your respected mother's permission for this address.
disservice - un mauvais service, mauvais service, desservice
perfections - perfections, perfection
respected - respecté, respect, respecter
You can hardly doubt the purport of my discourse, however your natural delicacy may lead you to dissemble; my attentions have been too marked to be mistaken. Almost as soon as I entered the house, I singled you out as the companion of my future life.
purport - purport, prétendre, avoir l'intention
be mistaken - se tromper
But before I am run away with by my feelings on this subject, perhaps it would be advisable for me to state my reasons for marrying-and, moreover, for coming into Hertfordshire with the design of selecting a wife, as I certainly did."
selecting - sélectionnant, sélect, choisir, sélectionner
The idea of Mr. Collins, with all his solemn composure, being run away with by his feelings, made Elizabeth so near laughing, that she could not use the short pause he allowed in any attempt to stop him further, and he continued:
"My reasons for marrying are, first, that I think it a right thing for every clergyman in easy circumstances (like myself) to set the example of matrimony in his parish; secondly, that I am convinced that it will add very greatly to my happiness; and thirdly-which perhaps I ought to have mentioned earlier, that it is the particular advice and recommendation of the very noble lady whom I have the honour of calling patroness. Twice has she condescended to give me her opinion (unasked too!) on this subject; and it was but the very Saturday night before I left Hunsford-between our pools at quadrille, while Mrs. Jenkinson was arranging Miss de Bourgh's footstool, that she said, 'Mr. Collins, you must marry. A clergyman like you must marry. Choose properly, choose a gentlewoman for my sake; and for your own, let her be an active, useful sort of person, not brought up high, but able to make a small income go a good way. This is my advice. Find such a woman as soon as you can, bring her to Hunsford, and I will visit her.'Allow me, by the way, to observe, my fair cousin, that I do not reckon the notice and kindness of Lady Catherine de Bourgh as among the least of the advantages in my power to offer. You will find her manners beyond anything I can describe; and your wit and vivacity, I think, must be acceptable to her, especially when tempered with the silence and respect which her rank will inevitably excite. Thus much for my general intention in favour of matrimony; it remains to be told why my views were directed towards Longbourn instead of my own neighbourhood, where I can assure you there are many amiable young women. But the fact is, that being, as I am, to inherit this estate after the death of your honoured father (who, however, may live many years longer), I could not satisfy myself without resolving to choose a wife from among his daughters, that the loss to them might be as little as possible, when the melancholy event takes place-which, however, as I have already said, may not be for several years. This has been my motive, my fair cousin, and I flatter myself it will not sink me in your esteem. And now nothing remains for me but to assure you in the most animated language of the violence of my affection. To fortune I am perfectly indifferent, and shall make no demand of that nature on your father, since I am well aware that it could not be complied with; and that one thousand pounds in the four per cents, which will not be yours till after your mother's decease, is all that you may ever be entitled to. On that head, therefore, I shall be uniformly silent; and you may assure yourself that no ungenerous reproach shall ever pass my lips when we are married."
thirdly - troisiemement, tertio, troisiemement
unasked - non demandée
footstool - tabouret, reposeied
gentlewoman - Madame
reckon - le reconnaître, considérer
inevitably - inévitablement
excite - exciter
inherit - hériter
melancholy - mélancolie
esteem - estime, respect, respecter
animated - animée, animé, animer
violence - la violence, violence
demand - demande, exigence, exiger
decease - déces, déces, décéder, expirer, mourir, trépasser
uniformly - uniformément
ungenerous - sans générosité
reproach - des reproches, reproche, opprobre, reprocher
It was absolutely necessary to interrupt him now.
"You are too hasty, sir," she cried. "You forget that I have made no answer. Let me do it without further loss of time. Accept my thanks for the compliment you are paying me. I am very sensible of the honour of your proposals, but it is impossible for me to do otherwise than to decline them."
proposals - propositions, proposition, demande en mariage
"I am not now to learn," replied Mr. Collins, with a formal wave of the hand, "that it is usual with young ladies to reject the addresses of the man whom they secretly mean to accept, when he first applies for their favour; and that sometimes the refusal is repeated a second, or even a third time.
secretly - secretement, secretement, en cachette
applies for - s'applique
refusal - refus
I am therefore by no means discouraged by what you have just said, and shall hope to lead you to the altar ere long."
altar - l'autel, autel
ere - ici
"Upon my word, sir," cried Elizabeth, "your hope is a rather extraordinary one after my declaration. I do assure you that I am not one of those young ladies (if such young ladies there are) who are so daring as to risk their happiness on the chance of being asked a second time. I am perfectly serious in my refusal.
daring - audacieux, courageux, checktéméraire, checkhardi
Risk - risque
You could not make me happy, and I am convinced that I am the last woman in the world who could make you so. Nay, were your friend Lady Catherine to know me, I am persuaded she would find me in every respect ill qualified for the situation."
persuaded - persuadé, persuader, convaincre
"Were it certain that Lady Catherine would think so," said Mr. Collins very gravely-"but I cannot imagine that her ladyship would at all disapprove of you. And you may be certain when I have the honour of seeing her again, I shall speak in the very highest terms of your modesty, economy, and other amiable qualification."
disapprove - désapprouver
economy - l'économie, économie
qualification - la qualification, qualification
"Indeed, Mr. Collins, all praise of me will be unnecessary. You must give me leave to judge for myself, and pay me the compliment of believing what I say. I wish you very happy and very rich, and by refusing your hand, do all in my power to prevent your being otherwise.
be unnecessary - etre inutile
refusing - refusant, refuser de
In making me the offer, you must have satisfied the delicacy of your feelings with regard to my family, and may take possession of Longbourn estate whenever it falls, without any self-reproach. This matter may be considered, therefore, as finally settled." And rising as she thus spoke, she would have quitted the room, had Mr. Collins not thus addressed her:
"When I do myself the honour of speaking to you next on the subject, I shall hope to receive a more favourable answer than you have now given me; though I am far from accusing you of cruelty at present, because I know it to be the established custom of your sex to reject a man on the first application, and perhaps you have even now said as much to encourage my suit as would be consistent with the true delicacy of the female character."
more favourable - plus favorable
accusing - accuser
custom - coutume, us, connaissance, droit de douane, sur mesure
encourage - encourager
"Really, Mr. Collins," cried Elizabeth with some warmth, "you puzzle me exceedingly. If what I have hitherto said can appear to you in the form of encouragement, I know not how to express my refusal in such a way as to convince you of its being one."
hitherto - jusqu'a présent, jusqu'ici, jusqu'alors, jusqu'a maintenant
convince - convaincre, persuader
"You must give me leave to flatter myself, my dear cousin, that your refusal of my addresses is merely words of course. My reasons for believing it are briefly these: It does not appear to me that my hand is unworthy of your acceptance, or that the establishment I can offer would be any other than highly desirable.
briefly - brievement, brievement, concisément
acceptance - l'acceptation, acceptation, adhésion, admission, adoption
My situation in life, my connections with the family of de Bourgh, and my relationship to your own, are circumstances highly in my favour; and you should take it into further consideration, that in spite of your manifold attractions, it is by no means certain that another offer of marriage may ever be made you.
manifold - copie
attractions - des attractions, attraction, attirance
Your portion is unhappily so small that it will in all likelihood undo the effects of your loveliness and amiable qualifications. As I must therefore conclude that you are not serious in your rejection of me, I shall choose to attribute it to your wish of increasing my love by suspense, according to the usual practice of elegant females."
portion - part, portion
undo - annuler, défaisons, défont, défais
loveliness - la beauté, beauté, charme
qualifications - les qualifications, qualification
rejection - refus, rejet
suspense - suspension, suspense, angoisse, anxiété, appréhension
"I do assure you, sir, that I have no pretensions whatever to that kind of elegance which consists in tormenting a respectable man. I would rather be paid the compliment of being believed sincere. I thank you again and again for the honour you have done me in your proposals, but to accept them is absolutely impossible. My feelings in every respect forbid it. Can I speak plainer?
consists - consiste, consister (en)
tormenting - tourmenter, (torment), tourment
plainer - plus simple, simple
Do not consider me now as an elegant female, intending to plague you, but as a rational creature, speaking the truth from her heart."
intending - l'intention, avoir l'intention, envisager, concevoir, prévoir
"You are uniformly charming!" cried he, with an air of awkward gallantry; "and I am persuaded that when sanctioned by the express authority of both your excellent parents, my proposals will not fail of being acceptable."
sanctioned - sanctionné, approbation, validation, sanction, décret
To such perseverance in wilful self-deception Elizabeth would make no reply, and immediately and in silence withdrew; determined, if he persisted in considering her repeated refusals as flattering encouragement, to apply to her father, whose negative might be uttered in such a manner as to be decisive, and whose behaviour at least could not be mistaken for the affectation and coquetry of an elegant female.
perseverance - la persévérance, persévérance
deception - supercherie, tromperie
persisted - persisté, persister
refusals - refus
uttered - prononcée, complet, total
decisive - décisif
coquetry - coquetterie, coquetisme
Mr. Collins was not left long to the silent contemplation of his successful love; for Mrs.
Bennet, having dawdled about in the vestibule to watch for the end of the conference, no sooner saw Elizabeth open the door and with quick step pass her towards the staircase, than she entered the breakfast-room, and congratulated both him and herself in warm terms on the happy prospect of their nearer connection. Mr.
dawdled - traîné, flâner, lambiner, musarder
vestibule - vestibule
staircase - escalier
congratulated - félicité, féliciter
Collins received and returned these felicitations with equal pleasure, and then proceeded to relate the particulars of their interview, with the result of which he trusted he had every reason to be satisfied, since the refusal which his cousin had steadfastly given him would naturally flow from her bashful modesty and the genuine delicacy of her character.
proceeded - a procédé, avancer, procéder
steadfastly - fermement
bashful - timide
genuine - authentique
This information, however, startled Mrs. Bennet; she would have been glad to be equally satisfied that her daughter had meant to encourage him by protesting against his proposals, but she dared not believe it, and could not help saying so.
startled - surpris, sursauter, surprendre
been glad - été heureux
"But, depend upon it, Mr. Collins," she added, "that Lizzy shall be brought to reason. I will speak to her about it directly. She is a very headstrong, foolish girl, and does not know her own interest but I will make her know it."
headstrong - tetu, obstiné
"Pardon me for interrupting you, madam," cried Mr. Collins; "but if she is really headstrong and foolish, I know not whether she would altogether be a very desirable wife to a man in my situation, who naturally looks for happiness in the marriage state.
interrupting - interrompre, couper
If therefore she actually persists in rejecting my suit, perhaps it were better not to force her into accepting me, because if liable to such defects of temper, she could not contribute much to my felicity."
persists - persiste, persister
rejecting - rejeter
liable - responsable
contribute - contribuer
"Sir, you quite misunderstand me," said Mrs. Bennet, alarmed. "Lizzy is only headstrong in such matters as these. In everything else she is as good-natured a girl as ever lived. I will go directly to Mr. Bennet, and we shall very soon settle it with her, I am sure."
good-natured - (good-natured) Bonne humeur
settle - régler, décréter
She would not give him time to reply, but hurrying instantly to her husband, called out as she entered the library, "Oh! Mr. Bennet, you are wanted immediately; we are all in an uproar. You must come and make Lizzy marry Mr. Collins, for she vows she will not have him, and if you do not make haste he will change his mind and not have her."
uproar - le tumulte, clameur
vows - voux, voeu, vou, jurer
Mr. Bennet raised his eyes from his book as she entered, and fixed them on her face with a calm unconcern which was not in the least altered by her communication.
Calm - calme, tranquille, calme plat, calmer, apaiser
altered - modifié, transformer, changer, altérer
"I have not the pleasure of understanding you," said he, when she had finished her speech. "Of what are you talking?"
"Of Mr. Collins and Lizzy. Lizzy declares she will not have Mr. Collins, and Mr. Collins begins to say that he will not have Lizzy."
declares - déclare, expliquer, déclarer
"And what am I to do on the occasion? It seems an hopeless business."
hopeless - sans espoir, désespéré
"Speak to Lizzy about it yourself. Tell her that you insist upon her marrying him."
"Let her be called down. She shall hear my opinion."
Mrs. Bennet rang the bell, and Miss Elizabeth was summoned to the library.
"Come here, child," cried her father as she appeared. "I have sent for you on an affair of importance. I understand that Mr. Collins has made you an offer of marriage. Is it true?" Elizabeth replied that it was. "Very well-and this offer of marriage you have refused?"
refused - refusé, refuser de
"I have, sir."
"Very well. We now come to the point. Your mother insists upon your accepting it. Is it not so, Mrs. Bennet?"
insists - insiste, insister
"Yes, or I will never see her again."
"An unhappy alternative is before you, Elizabeth. From this day you must be a stranger to one of your parents. Your mother will never see you again if you do not marry Mr. Collins, and I will never see you again if you do."
Elizabeth could not but smile at such a conclusion of such a beginning, but Mrs. Bennet, who had persuaded herself that her husband regarded the affair as she wished, was excessively disappointed.
conclusion - conclusion, fin
regarded - considérée, considérer
"What do you mean, Mr. Bennet, in talking this way? You promised me to insist upon her marrying him."
"My dear," replied her husband, "I have two small favours to request. First, that you will allow me the free use of my understanding on the present occasion; and secondly, of my room. I shall be glad to have the library to myself as soon as may be."
favours - des faveurs, service
Not yet, however, in spite of her disappointment in her husband, did Mrs. Bennet give up the point. She talked to Elizabeth again and again; coaxed and threatened her by turns. She endeavoured to secure Jane in her interest; but Jane, with all possible mildness, declined interfering; and Elizabeth, sometimes with real earnestness, and sometimes with playful gaiety, replied to her attacks.
coaxed - contraint, amadouer
threatened - menacé, menacer
endeavoured - s'est efforcé, s'efforcer (de)
interfering - interférer, meler
earnestness - le sérieux
Though her manner varied, however, her determination never did.
determination - détermination
Mr. Collins, meanwhile, was meditating in solitude on what had passed. He thought too well of himself to comprehend on what motives his cousin could refuse him; and though his pride was hurt, he suffered in no other way. His regard for her was quite imaginary; and the possibility of her deserving her mother's reproach prevented his feeling any regret.
Meanwhile - pendant ce temps
regret - regretter, regret
While the family were in this confusion, Charlotte Lucas came to spend the day with them. She was met in the vestibule by Lydia, who, flying to her, cried in a half whisper, "I am glad you are come, for there is such fun here! What do you think has happened this morning? Mr. Collins has made an offer to Lizzy, and she will not have him."
flying to - Voler vers
Charlotte hardly had time to answer, before they were joined by Kitty, who came to tell the same news; and no sooner had they entered the breakfast-room, where Mrs. Bennet was alone, than she likewise began on the subject, calling on Miss Lucas for her compassion, and entreating her to persuade her friend Lizzy to comply with the wishes of all her family.
Entreating - l'offrande, supplier
"Pray do, my dear Miss Lucas," she added in a melancholy tone, "for nobody is on my side, nobody takes part with me. I am cruelly used, nobody feels for my poor nerves."
Charlotte's reply was spared by the entrance of Jane and Elizabeth.
spared - épargnée, espar
"Aye, there she comes," continued Mrs. Bennet, "looking as unconcerned as may be, and caring no more for us than if we were at York, provided she can have her own way. But I tell you, Miss Lizzy-if you take it into your head to go on refusing every offer of marriage in this way, you will never get a husband at all-and I am sure I do not know who is to maintain you when your father is dead.
unconcerned - indifférent, indifférence
York - york, Yorck, Yorque
maintain - entretenir, maintenir
I shall not be able to keep you-and so I warn you. I have done with you from this very day. I told you in the library, you know, that I should never speak to you again, and you will find me as good as my word. I have no pleasure in talking to undutiful children. Not that I have much pleasure, indeed, in talking to anybody.
warn - avertir, alerter, prévenir
undutiful - non consciencieux
People who suffer as I do from nervous complaints can have no great inclination for talking. Nobody can tell what I suffer! But it is always so. Those who do not complain are never pitied."
pitied - pitié, compassion, dommage, honte, plaindre
Her daughters listened in silence to this effusion, sensible that any attempt to reason with her or soothe her would only increase the irritation. She talked on, therefore, without interruption from any of them, till they were joined by Mr.
effusion - épanchement, effusion
soothe - apaiser, calmer, soulager
irritation - l'irritation, irritation
Collins, who entered the room with an air more stately than usual, and on perceiving whom, she said to the girls, "Now, I do insist upon it, that you, all of you, hold your tongues, and let me and Mr. Collins have a little conversation together."
tongues - langues, langue, languette
Elizabeth passed quietly out of the room, Jane and Kitty followed, but Lydia stood her ground, determined to hear all she could; and Charlotte, detained first by the civility of Mr. Collins, whose inquiries after herself and all her family were very minute, and then by a little curiosity, satisfied herself with walking to the window and pretending not to hear. In a doleful voice Mrs.
detained - détenu, détenir, arreter
Bennet began the projected conversation: "Oh! Mr. Collins!"
"My dear madam," replied he, "let us be for ever silent on this point. Far be it from me," he presently continued, in a voice that marked his displeasure, "to resent the behaviour of your daughter. Resignation to inevitable evils is the duty of us all; the peculiar duty of a young man who has been so fortunate as I have been in early preferment; and I trust I am resigned.
resignation - démission, résignation
inevitable - inévitable
evils - maux, mauvais
peculiar - particulier, extraordinaire, bizarre, curieux
resigned - résigné, démissionner
Perhaps not the less so from feeling a doubt of my positive happiness had my fair cousin honoured me with her hand; for I have often observed that resignation is never so perfect as when the blessing denied begins to lose somewhat of its value in our estimation.
denied - refusée, nier, démentir, refuser
You will not, I hope, consider me as showing any disrespect to your family, my dear madam, by thus withdrawing my pretensions to your daughter's favour, without having paid yourself and Mr. Bennet the compliment of requesting you to interpose your authority in my behalf. My conduct may, I fear, be objectionable in having accepted my dismission from your daughter's lips instead of your own.
withdrawing - se retirer, (se) retirer
interpose - interposer, intercaler, interrompre, couper, casser le fil
in my behalf - en mon nom
objectionable - répréhensible
dismission - désmission
But we are all liable to error. I have certainly meant well through the whole affair. My object has been to secure an amiable companion for myself, with due consideration for the advantage of all your family, and if my manner has been at all reprehensible, I here beg leave to apologise."
The discussion of Mr. Collins's offer was now nearly at an end, and Elizabeth had only to suffer from the uncomfortable feelings necessarily attending it, and occasionally from some peevish allusions of her mother. As for the gentleman himself, his feelings were chiefly expressed, not by embarrassment or dejection, or by trying to avoid her, but by stiffness of manner and resentful silence.
necessarily - nécessairement
peevish - irritable, maussade, geignard
embarrassment - de l'embarras, embarras, (etre la) honte (de)
dejection - la déprime, abattement
He scarcely ever spoke to her, and the assiduous attentions which he had been so sensible of himself were transferred for the rest of the day to Miss Lucas, whose civility in listening to him was a seasonable relief to them all, and especially to her friend.
assiduous - assidu
transferred - transféré, transférer, transfert
seasonable - saisonnieres
The morrow produced no abatement of Mrs. Bennet's ill-humour or ill health. Mr. Collins was also in the same state of angry pride. Elizabeth had hoped that his resentment might shorten his visit, but his plan did not appear in the least affected by it. He was always to have gone on Saturday, and to Saturday he meant to stay.
abatement - l'abattement, réduction
shorten - raccourcir, écourter
After breakfast, the girls walked to Meryton to inquire if Mr. Wickham were returned, and to lament over his absence from the Netherfield ball. He joined them on their entering the town, and attended them to their aunt's where his regret and vexation, and the concern of everybody, was well talked over.
lament - une complainte
To Elizabeth, however, he voluntarily acknowledged that the necessity of his absence had been self-imposed.
voluntarily - volontairement
"I found," said he, "as the time drew near that I had better not meet Mr. Darcy; that to be in the same room, the same party with him for so many hours together, might be more than I could bear, and that scenes might arise unpleasant to more than myself."
She highly approved his forbearance, and they had leisure for a full discussion of it, and for all the commendation which they civilly bestowed on each other, as Wickham and another officer walked back with them to Longbourn, and during the walk he particularly attended to her.
bestowed - accordé, disposer de, accorder, remettre, conférer
His accompanying them was a double advantage; she felt all the compliment it offered to herself, and it was most acceptable as an occasion of introducing him to her father and mother.
accompanying - accompagnant, accompagner
Soon after their return, a letter was delivered to Miss Bennet; it came from Netherfield. The envelope contained a sheet of elegant, little, hot-pressed paper, well covered with a lady's fair, flowing hand; and Elizabeth saw her sister's countenance change as she read it, and saw her dwelling intently on some particular passages.
delivered - livrée, accoucher, livrer, remettre
envelope - enveloppe
flowing - en cours d'exécution, couler
intently - attentivement
passages - passages, passage
Jane recollected herself soon, and putting the letter away, tried to join with her usual cheerfulness in the general conversation; but Elizabeth felt an anxiety on the subject which drew off her attention even from Wickham; and no sooner had he and his companion taken leave, than a glance from Jane invited her to follow her up stairs.
recollected - rappelée, se souvenir de
When they had gained their own room, Jane, taking out the letter, said:
"This is from Caroline Bingley; what it contains has surprised me a good deal. The whole party have left Netherfield by this time, and are on their way to town-and without any intention of coming back again. You shall hear what she says."
She then read the first sentence aloud, which comprised the information of their having just resolved to follow their brother to town directly, and of their meaning to dine in Grosvenor Street, where Mr. Hurst had a house.
comprised - compris, contenir, comprendre, etre composé de
The next was in these words: "I do not pretend to regret anything I shall leave in Hertfordshire, except your society, my dearest friend; but we will hope, at some future period, to enjoy many returns of that delightful intercourse we have known, and in the meanwhile may lessen the pain of separation by a very frequent and most unreserved correspondence. I depend on you for that.
intercourse - les rapports sexuels, relation sexuelle
correspondence - correspondance, chronique
" To these highflown expressions Elizabeth listened with all the insensibility of distrust; and though the suddenness of their removal surprised her, she saw nothing in it really to lament; it was not to be supposed that their absence from Netherfield would prevent Mr.
highflown - haut vol
insensibility - l'insensibilité
distrust - défiance, méfiance, se méfier
suddenness - soudaineté
lament - lamentations, lamentation, complainte, se lamenter, plaindre
Bingley's being there; and as to the loss of their society, she was persuaded that Jane must cease to regard it, in the enjoyment of his.
cease - cesser, s'arreter, cesser de + 'infinitive'
"It is unlucky," said she, after a short pause, "that you should not be able to see your friends before they leave the country. But may we not hope that the period of future happiness to which Miss Bingley looks forward may arrive earlier than she is aware, and that the delightful intercourse you have known as friends will be renewed with yet greater satisfaction as sisters? Mr.
renewed - renouvelée, renouveler
Bingley will not be detained in London by them."
"Caroline decidedly says that none of the party will return into Hertfordshire this winter. I will read it to you:"
"When my brother left us yesterday, he imagined that the business which took him to London might be concluded in three or four days; but as we are certain it cannot be so, and at the same time convinced that when Charles gets to town he will be in no hurry to leave it again, we have determined on following him thither, that he may not be obliged to spend his vacant hours in a comfortless hotel.
be concluded - etre conclu
comfortless - sans confort
Many of my acquaintances are already there for the winter; I wish that I could hear that you, my dearest friend, had any intention of making one of the crowd-but of that I despair.
despair - le désespoir, désespérer, désespoir
I sincerely hope your Christmas in Hertfordshire may abound in the gaieties which that season generally brings, and that your beaux will be so numerous as to prevent your feeling the loss of the three of whom we shall deprive you."
sincerely - sincerement
Christmas - Noël
abound - abondent, foisonner, abonder
numerous - nombreux
deprive - priver
"It is evident by this," added Jane, "that he comes back no more this winter."
"It is only evident that Miss Bingley does not mean that he should."
"Why will you think so? It must be his own doing. He is his own master. But you do not know all. I will read you the passage which particularly hurts me. I will have no reserves from you."
passage - passage, corridoir, couloir
reserves - réserves, réservation, réserve, réserves-p
"Mr. Darcy is impatient to see his sister; and, to confess the truth, we are scarcely less eager to meet her again. I really do not think Georgiana Darcy has her equal for beauty, elegance, and accomplishments; and the affection she inspires in Louisa and myself is heightened into something still more interesting, from the hope we dare entertain of her being hereafter our sister.
inspires - inspire, inspirer
heightened - renforcée, hausser
I do not know whether I ever before mentioned to you my feelings on this subject; but I will not leave the country without confiding them, and I trust you will not esteem them unreasonable.
confiding - se confier, faire confiance, confier
My brother admires her greatly already; he will have frequent opportunity now of seeing her on the most intimate footing; her relations all wish the connection as much as his own; and a sister's partiality is not misleading me, I think, when I call Charles most capable of engaging any woman's heart.
admires - admire, admirer
misleading - trompeuse, égarer, mésinformer
most capable - le plus capable
engaging - engageant, attirer l'attention, engager, embrayer
With all these circumstances to favour an attachment, and nothing to prevent it, am I wrong, my dearest Jane, in indulging the hope of an event which will secure the happiness of so many?"
indulging - se faire plaisir, céder, succomber, dorloter, gâter, choyer
"What do you think of this sentence, my dear Lizzy?" said Jane as she finished it. "Is it not clear enough? Does it not expressly declare that Caroline neither expects nor wishes me to be her sister; that she is perfectly convinced of her brother's indifference; and that if she suspects the nature of my feelings for him, she means (most kindly!) to put me on my guard?
suspects - suspects, suspecter, soupçonner
Can there be any other opinion on the subject?"
"Yes, there can; for mine is totally different. Will you hear it?"
willingly - volontairement, volontiers
"You shall have it in a few words. Miss Bingley sees that her brother is in love with you, and wants him to marry Miss Darcy. She follows him to town in hope of keeping him there, and tries to persuade you that he does not care about you."
Jane shook her head.
"Indeed, Jane, you ought to believe me. No one who has ever seen you together can doubt his affection. Miss Bingley, I am sure, cannot. She is not such a simpleton. Could she have seen half as much love in Mr. Darcy for herself, she would have ordered her wedding clothes.
But the case is this: We are not rich enough or grand enough for them; and she is the more anxious to get Miss Darcy for her brother, from the notion that when there has been one intermarriage, she may have less trouble in achieving a second; in which there is certainly some ingenuity, and I dare say it would succeed, if Miss de Bourgh were out of the way.
grand - grand, grandiose
notion - notion
intermarriage - les mariages mixtes
ingenuity - l'ingéniosité, ingéniosité
But, my dearest Jane, you cannot seriously imagine that because Miss Bingley tells you her brother greatly admires Miss Darcy, he is in the smallest degree less sensible of your merit than when He took leave of you on Tuesday, or that it will be in her power to persuade him that, instead of being in love with you, he is very much in love with her friend."
He took leave - Il a pris congé
"If we thought alike of Miss Bingley," replied Jane, "your representation of all this might make me quite easy. But I know the foundation is unjust. Caroline is incapable of wilfully deceiving anyone; and all that I can hope in this case is that she is deceiving herself."
alike - comme, semblable, pareil, analogue, pareillement
foundation - fondation, fondement, fond de teint
unjust - injuste
wilfully - volontairement
deceiving - trompeuse, tromper, leurrer, séduire
"That is right. You could not have started a more happy idea, since you will not take comfort in mine. Believe her to be deceived, by all means. You have now done your duty by her, and must fret no longer."
be deceived - etre trompé
"But, my dear sister, can I be happy, even supposing the best, in accepting a man whose sisters and friends are all wishing him to marry elsewhere?"
"You must decide for yourself," said Elizabeth; "and if, upon mature deliberation, you find that the misery of disobliging his two sisters is more than equivalent to the happiness of being his wife, I advise you by all means to refuse him."
mature - mature, pruine, mur
equivalent - équivalent
"How can you talk so?" said Jane, faintly smiling. "You must know that though I should be exceedingly grieved at their disapprobation, I could not hesitate."
faintly - faiblement
disapprobation - improbation
hesitate - hésiter
"I did not think you would; and that being the case, I cannot consider your situation with much compassion."
"But if he returns no more this winter, my choice will never be required. A thousand things may arise in six months!"
The idea of his returning no more Elizabeth treated with the utmost contempt. It appeared to her merely the suggestion of Caroline's interested wishes, and she could not for a moment suppose that those wishes, however openly or artfully spoken, could influence a young man so totally independent of everyone.
artfully - avec art, habilement
She represented to her sister as forcibly as possible what she felt on the subject, and had soon the pleasure of seeing its happy effect. Jane's temper was not desponding, and she was gradually led to hope, though the diffidence of affection sometimes overcame the hope, that Bingley would return to Netherfield and answer every wish of her heart.
desponding - découragé, (despond), se décourager
overcame - surmonté, vaincre, surmonter, envahir
They agreed that Mrs. Bennet should only hear of the departure of the family, without being alarmed on the score of the gentleman's conduct; but even this partial communication gave her a great deal of concern, and she bewailed it as exceedingly unlucky that the ladies should happen to go away just as they were all getting so intimate together.
departure - départ, déviation
bewailed - pleuré, pleurer, déplorer
After lamenting it, however, at some length, she had the consolation that Mr. Bingley would be soon down again and soon dining at Longbourn, and the conclusion of all was the comfortable declaration, that though he had been invited only to a family dinner, she would take care to have two full courses.
lamenting - se lamenter, lamentant, (lament), lamentation, complainte
The Bennets were engaged to dine with the Lucases and again during the chief of the day was Miss Lucas so kind as to listen to Mr. Collins. Elizabeth took an opportunity of thanking her. "It keeps him in good humour," said she, "and I am more obliged to you than I can express.
" Charlotte assured her friend of her satisfaction in being useful, and that it amply repaid her for the little sacrifice of her time. This was very amiable, but Charlotte's kindness extended farther than Elizabeth had any conception of; its object was nothing else than to secure her from any return of Mr. Collins's addresses, by engaging them towards herself.
repaid - remboursé, rembourser, rendre
conception - conception
Such was Miss Lucas's scheme; and appearances were so favourable, that when they parted at night, she would have felt almost secure of success if he had not been to leave Hertfordshire so very soon.
But here she did injustice to the fire and independence of his character, for it led him to escape out of Longbourn House the next morning with admirable slyness, and hasten to Lucas Lodge to throw himself at her feet.
admirable - admirable
slyness - rouerie
hasten to - se hâter
He was anxious to avoid the notice of his cousins, from a conviction that if they saw him depart, they could not fail to conjecture his design, and he was not willing to have the attempt known till its success might be known likewise; for though feeling almost secure, and with reason, for Charlotte had been tolerably encouraging, he was comparatively diffident since the adventure of Wednesday.
encouraging - encourageant, encourager
comparatively - comparativement
diffident - timide
His reception, however, was of the most flattering kind. Miss Lucas perceived him from an upper window as he walked towards the house, and instantly set out to meet him accidentally in the lane. But little had she dared to hope that so much love and eloquence awaited her there.
perceived - perçue, percevoir
accidentally - accidentellement
eloquence - l'éloquence, éloquence
awaited - attendue, attendre, s'attendre a, servir, guetter
In as short a time as Mr. Collins's long speeches would allow, everything was settled between them to the satisfaction of both; and as they entered the house he earnestly entreated her to name the day that was to make him the happiest of men; and though such a solicitation must be waived for the present, the lady felt no inclination to trifle with his happiness.
solicitation - sollicitation
waived - renoncé, renoncer (a)
The stupidity with which he was favoured by nature must guard his courtship from any charm that could make a woman wish for its continuance; and Miss Lucas, who accepted him solely from the pure and disinterested desire of an establishment, cared not how soon that establishment were gained.
stupidity - stupidité, idiotie, ânerie, sottise
favoured - favorisée, service
courtship - la cour, cour
continuance - la prorogation, continuation
pure - pure, pur, pudique
Sir William and Lady Lucas were speedily applied to for their consent; and it was bestowed with a most joyful alacrity. Mr. Collins's present circumstances made it a most eligible match for their daughter, to whom they could give little fortune; and his prospects of future wealth were exceedingly fair.
speedily - rapidement
most joyful - le plus joyeux
most eligible - le plus éligible
prospects - des perspectives, perspective
wealth - la richesse, richesse, profusion, abondance, checkfortune
Lady Lucas began directly to calculate, with more interest than the matter had ever excited before, how many years longer Mr. Bennet was likely to live; and Sir William gave it as his decided opinion, that whenever Mr. Collins should be in possession of the Longbourn estate, it would be highly expedient that both he and his wife should make their appearance at St. James's.
calculate - calculer
expedient - opportun, expédient
The whole family, in short, were properly overjoyed on the occasion. The younger girls formed hopes of coming out a year or two sooner than they might otherwise have done; and the boys were relieved from their apprehension of Charlotte's dying an old maid. Charlotte herself was tolerably composed. She had gained her point, and had time to consider of it.
old maid - vieille fille
Her reflections were in general satisfactory. Mr. Collins, to be sure, was neither sensible nor agreeable; his society was irksome, and his attachment to her must be imaginary. But still he would be her husband.
irksome - genante
Without thinking highly either of men or matrimony, marriage had always been her object; it was the only provision for well-educated young women of small fortune, and however uncertain of giving happiness, must be their pleasantest preservative from want. This preservative she had now obtained; and at the age of twenty-seven, without having ever been handsome, she felt all the good luck of it.
provision - disposition, provision, provisionner
pleasantest - le plus agréable, agréable, plaisant
preservative - conservateur
The least agreeable circumstance in the business was the surprise it must occasion to Elizabeth Bennet, whose friendship she valued beyond that of any other person. Elizabeth would wonder, and probably would blame her; and though her resolution was not to be shaken, her feelings must be hurt by such a disapprobation. She resolved to give her the information herself, and therefore charged Mr.
valued - valorisée, valeur
charged - chargé, frais-p, charge, chef d’accusation, chef d’inculpation
Collins, when he returned to Longbourn to dinner, to drop no hint of what had passed before any of the family.
A promise of secrecy was of course very dutifully given, but it could not be kept without difficulty; for the curiosity excited by his long absence burst forth in such very direct questions on his return as required some ingenuity to evade, and he was at the same time exercising great self-denial, for he was longing to publish his prosperous love.
secrecy - le secret, secret, secrétisme
dutifully - consciencieusement
difficulty - difficulté
burst - l'éclatement, éclater, faire éclater, rompre, briser
forth - avant, en avant
evade - se soustraire, esquiver, s'évader
As he was to begin his journey too early on the morrow to see any of the family, the ceremony of leave-taking was performed when the ladies moved for the night; and Mrs. Bennet, with great politeness and cordiality, said how happy they should be to see him at Longbourn again, whenever his engagements might allow him to visit them.
cordiality - cordialité
"My dear madam," he replied, "this invitation is particularly gratifying, because it is what I have been hoping to receive; and you may be very certain that I shall avail myself of it as soon as possible."
avail - avail, profiter, saisir, servir
They were all astonished; and Mr. Bennet, who could by no means wish for so speedy a return, immediately said:
speedy - prompt, rapide
"But is there not danger of Lady Catherine's disapprobation here, my good sir? You had better neglect your relations than run the risk of offending your patroness."
offending - l'offense, offenser, déplaire, blesser, fr
"My dear sir," replied Mr. Collins, "I am particularly obliged to you for this friendly caution, and you may depend upon my not taking so material a step without her ladyship's concurrence."
"You cannot be too much upon your guard. Risk anything rather than her displeasure; and if you find it likely to be raised by your coming to us again, which I should think exceedingly probable, stay quietly at home, and be satisfied that we shall take No offence."
No offence - Aucune offense
"Believe me, my dear sir, my gratitude is warmly excited by such affectionate attention; and depend upon it, you will speedily receive from me a letter of thanks for this, and for every other mark of your regard during my stay in Hertfordshire.
letter of thanks - lettre de remerciements
As for my fair cousins, though my absence may not be long enough to render it necessary, I shall now take the liberty of wishing them health and happiness, not excepting my cousin Elizabeth."
With proper civilities the ladies then withdrew; all of them equally surprised that he meditated a quick return. Mrs. Bennet wished to understand by it that he thought of paying his addresses to one of her younger girls, and Mary might have been prevailed on to accept him.
meditated - médité, méditer
She rated his abilities much higher than any of the others; there was a solidity in his reflections which often struck her, and though by no means so clever as herself, she thought that if encouraged to read and improve himself by such an example as hers, he might become a very agreeable companion. But on the following morning, every hope of this kind was done away.
encouraged - encouragé, encourager
Miss Lucas called soon after breakfast, and in a private conference with Elizabeth related the event of the day before.
The possibility of Mr. Collins's fancying himself in love with her friend had once occurred to Elizabeth within the last day or two; but that Charlotte could encourage him seemed almost as far from possibility as she could encourage him herself, and her astonishment was consequently so great as to overcome at first the bounds of decorum, and she could not help crying out:
"Engaged to Mr. Collins! My dear Charlotte-impossible!"
The steady countenance which Miss Lucas had commanded in telling her story, gave way to a momentary confusion here on receiving so direct a reproach; though, as it was no more than she expected, she soon regained her composure, and calmly replied:
commanded - commandée, commandement, ordre, maîtrise
momentary - momentanée
regained - retrouvée, reconquérir, reprendre
calmly - calmement, paisiblement
"Why should you be surprised, my dear Eliza? Do you think it incredible that Mr. Collins should be able to procure any woman's good opinion, because he was not so happy as to succeed with you?"
procure - se procurer, acquérir, obtenir, proxénétisme, procurer
But Elizabeth had now recollected herself, and making a strong effort for it, was able to assure with tolerable firmness that the prospect of their relationship was highly grateful to her, and that she wished her all imaginable happiness.
firmness - la fermeté, fermeté
"I see what you are feeling," replied Charlotte. "You must be surprised, very much surprised-so lately as Mr. Collins was wishing to marry you. But when you have had time to think it over, I hope you will be satisfied with what I have done. I am not romantic, you know; I never was. I ask only a comfortable home; and considering Mr.
romantic - romantique
Collins's character, connection, and situation in life, I am convinced that my chance of happiness with him is as fair as most people can boast on entering the marriage state."
Elizabeth quietly answered "Undoubtedly;" and after an awkward pause, they returned to the rest of the family. Charlotte did not stay much longer, and Elizabeth was then left to reflect on what she had heard. It was a long time before she became at all reconciled to the idea of so unsuitable a match. The strangeness of Mr.
reconciled - réconciliés, réconcilier, concilier
unsuitable - inadaptée
strangeness - l'étrangeté, étrangeté
Collins's making two offers of marriage within three days was nothing in comparison of his being now accepted. She had always felt that Charlotte's opinion of matrimony was not exactly like her own, but she had not supposed it to be possible that, when called into action, she would have sacrificed every better feeling to worldly advantage. Charlotte the wife of Mr.
offers - offres, offrir, proposer
sacrificed - sacrifié, sacrifier, sacrifice, offrande
worldly - laique
Collins was a most humiliating picture! And to the pang of a friend disgracing herself and sunk in her esteem, was added the distressing conviction that it was impossible for that friend to be tolerably happy in the lot she had chosen.
humiliating - humiliant, humilier
pang - pang, douleur (soudaine)
sunk - coulé, enfoncés, enfoncé, enfoncées, enfoncée
Elizabeth was sitting with her mother and sisters, reflecting on what she had heard, and doubting whether she was authorised to mention it, when Sir William Lucas himself appeared, sent by his daughter, to announce her engagement to the family.
reflecting - réfléchissant, refléter, réfléchir
doubting - douter, doutant, (doubt), doute
announce - annoncer
With many compliments to them, and much self-gratulation on the prospect of a connection between the houses, he unfolded the matter-to an audience not merely wondering, but incredulous; for Mrs. Bennet, with more perseverance than politeness, protested he must be entirely mistaken; and Lydia, always unguarded and often uncivil, boisterously exclaimed:
wondering - se demander, (wonder), merveille, conjecturer
incredulous - incrédule
boisterously - bruyamment
"Good Lord! Sir William, how can you tell such a story? Do not you know that Mr. Collins wants to marry Lizzy?"
Nothing less than the complaisance of a courtier could have borne without anger such treatment; but Sir William's good breeding carried him through it all; and though he begged leave to be positive as to the truth of his information, he listened to all their impertinence with the most forbearing courtesy.
courtier - courtisan
Elizabeth, feeling it incumbent on her to relieve him from so unpleasant a situation, now put herself forward to confirm his account, by mentioning her prior knowledge of it from Charlotte herself; and endeavoured to put a stop to the exclamations of her mother and sisters by the earnestness of her congratulations to Sir William, in which she was readily joined by Jane, and by making a variety of remarks on the happiness that might be expected from the match, the excellent character of Mr. Collins, and the convenient distance of Hunsford from London.
confirm - confirmer
Prior - avant, antérieur
Convenient - pratique, commode
Mrs. Bennet was in fact too much overpowered to say a great deal while Sir William remained; but no sooner had he left them than her feelings found a rapid vent. In the first place, she persisted in disbelieving the whole of the matter; secondly, she was very sure that Mr.
overpowered - surpuissant, soumettre
vent - évent
disbelieving - incrédules, croire
Collins had been taken in; thirdly, she trusted that they would never be happy together; and fourthly, that the match might be broken off.
fourthly - quatriemement, quatriemement
broken off - Rompu
Two inferences, however, were plainly deduced from the whole: one, that Elizabeth was the real cause of the mischief; and the other that she herself had been barbarously misused by them all; and on these two points she principally dwelt during the rest of the day. Nothing could console and nothing could appease her. Nor did that day wear out her resentment.
inferences - des déductions, inférence, déduction
deduced - déduit, déduire
mischief - méfaits, espieglerie, betise, polissonnerie, méfait
barbarously - de façon barbare
misused - mal utilisé, mauvais usage, abus
dwelt - a habité, résider, s'appesantir sur
appease - apaiser
wear out - s'épuiser
A week elapsed before she could see Elizabeth without scolding her, a month passed away before she could speak to Sir William or Lady Lucas without being rude, and many months were gone before she could at all forgive their daughter.
elapsed - s'est écoulé, passer
Mr. Bennet's emotions were much more tranquil on the occasion, and such as he did experience he pronounced to be of a most agreeable sort; for it gratified him, he said, to discover that Charlotte Lucas, whom he had been used to think tolerably sensible, was as foolish as his wife, and more foolish than his daughter!
emotions - des émotions, émotion
tranquil - tranquille
more foolish - plus stupide
Jane confessed herself a little surprised at the match; but she said less of her astonishment than of her earnest desire for their happiness; nor could Elizabeth persuade her to consider it as improbable. Kitty and Lydia were far from envying Miss Lucas, for Mr. Collins was only a clergyman; and it affected them in no other way than as a piece of news to spread at Meryton.
confessed - avoué, avouer, confesser
improbable - invraisemblable, improbable
envying - envier, envie, jalousie, convoitise
spread - se propager, étaler, écarter, disperser, répandre, éparpiller
Lady Lucas could not be insensible of triumph on being able to retort on Mrs. Bennet the comfort of having a daughter well married; and she called at Longbourn rather oftener than usual to say how happy she was, though Mrs. Bennet's sour looks and ill-natured remarks might have been enough to drive happiness away.
insensible - insensible
retort - réplique, rétorquer
sour - aigre, sur, rance, tourné, acerbe, acariâtre
Between Elizabeth and Charlotte there was a restraint which kept them mutually silent on the subject; and Elizabeth felt persuaded that no real confidence could ever subsist between them again.
restraint - la retenue, contention, frein, retenue
mutually - mutuellement
subsist - subsister
Her disappointment in Charlotte made her turn with fonder regard to her sister, of whose rectitude and delicacy she was sure her opinion could never be shaken, and for whose happiness she grew daily more anxious, as Bingley had now been gone a week and nothing more was heard of his return.
fonder - plus affectueux, tendre, amoureux
rectitude - la rectitude, rectitude, droiture, rigueur
Jane had sent Caroline an early answer to her letter, and was counting the days till she might reasonably hope to hear again. The promised letter of thanks from Mr. Collins arrived on Tuesday, addressed to their father, and written with all the solemnity of gratitude which a twelvemonth's abode in the family might have prompted.
reasonably - raisonnablement
prompted - a demandé, ponctuel, indicateur, invite de commande, inciter
After discharging his conscience on that head, he proceeded to inform them, with many rapturous expressions, of his happiness in having obtained the affection of their amiable neighbour, Miss Lucas, and then explained that it was merely with the view of enjoying her society that he had been so ready to close with their kind wish of seeing him again at Longbourn, whither he hoped to be able to return on Monday fortnight; for Lady Catherine, he added, so heartily approved his marriage, that she wished it to take place as soon as possible, which he trusted would be an unanswerable argument with his amiable Charlotte to name an early day for making him the happiest of men.
discharging - la décharge, licenciement, débit
inform - informer, renseignent, faire savoir, renseignons, informez
rapturous - ravie
unanswerable - sans réponse
Mr. Collins's return into Hertfordshire was no longer a matter of pleasure to Mrs. Bennet. On the contrary, she was as much disposed to complain of it as her husband. It was very strange that he should come to Longbourn instead of to Lucas Lodge; it was also very inconvenient and exceedingly troublesome.
inconvenient - genant
troublesome - genants
She hated having visitors in the house while her health was so indifferent, and lovers were of all people the most disagreeable. Such were the gentle murmurs of Mrs. Bennet, and they gave way only to the greater distress of Mr. Bingley's continued absence.
murmurs - murmures, murmure, rumeur, souffle, murmurer
Neither Jane nor Elizabeth were comfortable on this subject. Day after day passed away without bringing any other tidings of him than the report which shortly prevailed in Meryton of his coming no more to Netherfield the whole winter; a report which highly incensed Mrs. Bennet, and which she never failed to contradict as a most scandalous falsehood.
tidings - des nouvelles, nouvelle
incensed - courroucé, encens
most scandalous - le plus scandaleux
falsehood - le mensonge, mensonge
Even Elizabeth began to fear-not that Bingley was indifferent-but that his sisters would be successful in keeping him away. Unwilling as she was to admit an idea so destructive of Jane's happiness, and so dishonorable to the stability of her lover, she could not prevent its frequently occurring.
admit - admettre, avouer, reconnaître
destructive - destructrice
dishonorable - déshonorant
stability - stabilité
lover - amante, amant, maîtresse
occurring - se produisant, produire
The united efforts of his two unfeeling sisters and of his overpowering friend, assisted by the attractions of Miss Darcy and the amusements of London might be too much, she feared, for the strength of his attachment.
efforts - efforts, effort
unfeeling - insensible
overpowering - surpuissant, soumettre
As for Jane, her anxiety under this suspense was, of course, more painful than Elizabeth's, but whatever she felt she was desirous of concealing, and between herself and Elizabeth, therefore, the subject was never alluded to.
more painful - plus douloureux
concealing - dissimuler, cacher
alluded - allusion, alluder, faire allusion, suggérer
But as no such delicacy restrained her mother, an hour seldom passed in which she did not talk of Bingley, express her impatience for his arrival, or even require Jane to confess that if he did not come back she would think herself very ill used. It needed all Jane's steady mildness to bear these attacks with tolerable tranquillity.
restrained - retenue, (se) contenir/retenir
seldom - rarement
require - exiger, demander, avoir besoin de, requérir, nécessiter
Mr. Collins returned most punctually on Monday fortnight, but his reception at Longbourn was not quite so gracious as it had been on his first introduction. He was too happy, however, to need much attention; and luckily for the others, the business of love-making relieved them from a great deal of his company.
punctually - ponctuellement
luckily - heureusement
The chief of every day was spent by him at Lucas Lodge, and he sometimes returned to Longbourn only in time to make an apology for his absence before the family went to bed.
Mrs. Bennet was really in a most pitiable state. The very mention of anything concerning the match threw her into an agony of ill-humour, and wherever she went she was sure of hearing it talked of. The sight of Miss Lucas was odious to her. As her successor in that house, she regarded her with jealous abhorrence.
most pitiable - le plus pitoyable
agony - l'agonie, agonie, angoisse
successor - successeur, successeuse, successrice
abhorrence - l'horreur, aversion, répulsion, horreur
Whenever Charlotte came to see them, she concluded her to be anticipating the hour of possession; and whenever she spoke in a low voice to Mr. Collins, was convinced that they were talking of the Longbourn estate, and resolving to turn herself and her daughters out of the house, as soon as Mr. Bennet were dead. She complained bitterly of all this to her husband.
anticipating - anticiper, prévoir
"Indeed, Mr. Bennet," said she, "it is very hard to think that Charlotte Lucas should ever be mistress of this house, that I should be forced to make way for her, and live to see her take her place in it!"
"My dear, do not give way to such gloomy thoughts. Let us hope for better things. Let us flatter ourselves that I may be the survivor."
give way - céder le passage
gloomy - morose, lugubre, sombre, terne, maussade
survivor - survivant, survivante, rescapé, rescapée
This was not very consoling to Mrs. Bennet, and therefore, instead of making any answer, she went on as before.
consoling - consoler
"I cannot bear to think that they should have all this estate. If it was not for the entail, I should not mind it."
"What should not you mind?"
"I should not mind anything at all."
"Let us be thankful that you are preserved from a state of such insensibility."
"I never can be thankful, Mr. Bennet, for anything about the entail. How anyone could have the conscience to entail away an estate from one's own daughters, I cannot understand; and all for the sake of Mr. Collins too! Why should he have it more than anybody else?"
"I leave it to yourself to determine," said Mr. Bennet.
Miss Bingley's letter arrived, and put an end to doubt. The very first sentence conveyed the assurance of their being all settled in London for the winter, and concluded with her brother's regret at not having had time to pay his respects to his friends in Hertfordshire before he left the country.
Hope was over, entirely over; and when Jane could attend to the rest of the letter, she found little, except the professed affection of the writer, that could give her any comfort. Miss Darcy's praise occupied the chief of it.
Her many attractions were again dwelt on, and Caroline boasted joyfully of their increasing intimacy, and ventured to predict the accomplishment of the wishes which had been unfolded in her former letter. She wrote also with great pleasure of her brother's being an inmate of Mr. Darcy's house, and mentioned with raptures some plans of the latter with regard to new furniture.
boasted - se vanter (de)
ventured - s'est aventuré, s'aventurer, risquer, oser
accomplishment - l'accomplissement, accomplissement
inmate - détenu, détenue, codétenu, codétenue, résident
Elizabeth, to whom Jane very soon communicated the chief of all this, heard it in silent indignation. Her heart was divided between concern for her sister, and resentment against all others. To Caroline's assertion of her brother's being partial to Miss Darcy she paid no credit.
That he was really fond of Jane, she doubted no more than she had ever done; and much as she had always been disposed to like him, she could not think without anger, hardly without contempt, on that easiness of temper, that want of proper resolution, which now made him the slave of his designing friends, and led him to sacrifice of his own happiness to the caprice of their inclination.
slave - esclave, serf, serve
Had his own happiness, however, been the only sacrifice, he might have been allowed to sport with it in whatever manner he thought best, but her sister's was involved in it, as she thought he must be sensible himself. It was a subject, in short, on which reflection would be long indulged, and must be unavailing.
unavailing - sans succes
She could think of nothing else; and yet whether Bingley's regard had really died away, or were suppressed by his friends'interference; whether he had been aware of Jane's attachment, or whether it had escaped his observation; whatever were the case, though her opinion of him must be materially affected by the difference, her sister's situation remained the same, her peace equally wounded.
suppressed - supprimée, contenir, fr
A day or two passed before Jane had courage to speak of her feelings to Elizabeth; but at last, on Mrs. Bennet's leaving them together, after a longer irritation than usual about Netherfield and its master, she could not help saying:
courage - bravoure, courage, cour, vaillance
"Oh, that my dear mother had more command over herself! She can have no idea of the pain she gives me by her continual reflections on him. But I will not repine. It cannot last long. He will be forgot, and we shall all be as we were before."
continual - continuelle
repine - repine
Elizabeth looked at her sister with incredulous solicitude, but said nothing.
"You doubt me," cried Jane, slightly colouring; "indeed, you have no reason. He may live in my memory as the most amiable man of my acquaintance, but that is all. I have nothing either to hope or fear, and nothing to reproach him with. Thank God! I have not that pain. A little time, therefore-I shall certainly try to get the better."
slightly - légerement, finement, délicatement, légerement
With a stronger voice she soon added, "I have this comfort immediately, that it has not been more than an error of fancy on my side, and that it has done no harm to anyone but myself."
harm - le mal, mal, tort, dommage, nuire a, faire du mal a
"My dear Jane!" exclaimed Elizabeth, "you are too good. Your sweetness and disinterestedness are really angelic; I do not know what to say to you. I feel as if I had never done you justice, or loved you as you deserve."
disinterestedness - le désintéressement, désintéressement
Miss Bennet eagerly disclaimed all extraordinary merit, and threw back the praise on her sister's warm affection.
disclaimed - désavouée, (re)nier
"Nay," said Elizabeth, "this is not fair. You wish to think all the world respectable, and are hurt if I speak ill of anybody. I only want to think you perfect, and you set yourself against it. Do not be afraid of my running into any excess, of my encroaching on your privilege of universal good-will. You need not. There are few people whom I really love, and still fewer of whom I think well.
privilege - privilege, privilege, privilégier
universal - universel
The more I see of the world, the more am I dissatisfied with it; and every day confirms my belief of the inconsistency of all human characters, and of the little dependence that can be placed on the appearance of merit or sense. I have met with two instances lately, one I will not mention; the other is Charlotte's marriage. It is unaccountable! In every view it is unaccountable!"
confirms - confirme, confirmer
belief - croyance, conviction, foi
inconsistency - incohérence, inconséquence
dependence - dépendance
instances - instances, instance
unaccountable - sans avoir a rendre de comptes
"My dear Lizzy, do not give way to such feelings as these. They will ruin your happiness. You do not make allowance enough for difference of situation and temper. Consider Mr. Collins's respectability, and Charlotte's steady, prudent character.
ruin - la ruine, ruine, ruiner, abîmer, foutre en l'air
allowance - l'allocation, indemnité, jeu
respectability - respectabilité
Prudent - prudent
Remember that she is one of a large family; that as to fortune, it is a most eligible match; and be ready to believe, for everybody's sake, that she may feel something like regard and esteem for our cousin."
"To oblige you, I would try to believe almost anything, but no one else could be benefited by such a belief as this; for were I persuaded that Charlotte had any regard for him, I should only think worse of her understanding than I now do of her heart. My dear Jane, Mr.
Collins is a conceited, pompous, narrow-minded, silly man; you know he is, as well as I do; and you must feel, as well as I do, that the woman who married him cannot have a proper way of thinking. You shall not defend her, though it is Charlotte Lucas.
You shall not, for the sake of one individual, change the meaning of principle and integrity, nor endeavour to persuade yourself or me, that selfishness is prudence, and insensibility of danger security for happiness."
principle - principe
selfishness - l'égoisme, égocentrisme, égoisme
Security - la sécurité, sécurité, sécurisant, titre négociable
"I must think your language too strong in speaking of both," replied Jane; "and I hope you will be convinced of it by seeing them happy together. But enough of this. You alluded to something else. You mentioned two instances. I cannot misunderstand you, but I entreat you, dear Lizzy, not to pain me by thinking that person to blame, and saying your opinion of him is sunk.
We must not be so ready to fancy ourselves intentionally injured. We must not expect a lively young man to be always so guarded and circumspect. It is very often nothing but our own vanity that deceives us. Women fancy admiration means more than it does."
intentionally - intentionnellement
circumspect - circonspect
deceives - trompe, tromper, leurrer, séduire
"And men take care that they should."
"If it is designedly done, they cannot be justified; but I have no idea of there being so much design in the world as some persons imagine."
designedly - a dessein
"I am far from attributing any part of Mr. Bingley's conduct to design," said Elizabeth; "but without scheming to do wrong, or to make others unhappy, there may be error, and there may be misery. Thoughtlessness, want of attention to other people's feelings, and want of resolution, will do the business."
attributing - l'attribution, attribut, épithete or déterminant
scheming - des magouilles, (scheme), plan, combine, machination, schéma
thoughtlessness - l'insouciance, irréflexion
"And do you impute it to either of those?"
impute - imputer
"Yes; to the last. But if I go on, I shall displease you by saying what I think of persons you esteem. Stop me whilst you can."
whilst - tout en
"You persist, then, in supposing his sisters influence him?"
persist - persister
"Yes, in conjunction with his friend."
conjunction - conjonction
"I cannot believe it. Why should they try to influence him? They can only wish his happiness; and if he is attached to me, no other woman can secure it."
"Your first position is false. They may wish many things besides his happiness; they may wish his increase of wealth and consequence; they may wish him to marry a girl who has all the importance of money, great connections, and pride."
"Beyond a doubt, they do wish him to choose Miss Darcy," replied Jane; "but this may be from better feelings than you are supposing. They have known her much longer than they have known me; no wonder if they love her better. But, whatever may be their own wishes, it is very unlikely they should have opposed their brother's.
unlikely - peu probable, improbable, improbablement
What sister would think herself at liberty to do it, unless there were something very objectionable? If they believed him attached to me, they would not try to part us; if he were so, they could not succeed. By supposing such an affection, you make everybody acting unnaturally and wrong, and me most unhappy. Do not distress me by the idea.
unnaturally - de façon non naturelle
I am not ashamed of having been mistaken-or, at least, it is light, it is nothing in comparison of what I should feel in thinking ill of him or his sisters. Let me take it in the best light, in the light in which it may be understood."
ashamed - honteux
Elizabeth could not oppose such a wish; and from this time Mr. Bingley's name was scarcely ever mentioned between them.
Mrs. Bennet still continued to wonder and repine at his returning no more, and though a day seldom passed in which Elizabeth did not account for it clearly, there was little chance of her ever considering it with less perplexity.
perplexity - perplexité
Her daughter endeavoured to convince her of what she did not believe herself, that his attentions to Jane had been merely the effect of a common and transient liking, which ceased when he saw her no more; but though the probability of the statement was admitted at the time, she had the same story to repeat every day. Mrs. Bennet's best comfort was that Mr.
transient - passager, provisoire, transitoire, temporaire, bref
Bingley must be down again in the summer.
Mr. Bennet treated the matter differently. "So, Lizzy," said he one day, "your sister is crossed in love, I find. I congratulate her. Next to being married, a girl likes to be crossed a little in love now and then. It is something to think of, and it gives her a sort of distinction among her companions. When is your turn to come? You will hardly bear to be long outdone by Jane. Now is your time.
congratulate - féliciter
Companions - compagnons, compagnon, compagne
outdone - dépassé, surpasser
Here are officers enough in Meryton to disappoint all the young ladies in the country. Let Wickham be your man. He is a pleasant fellow, and would jilt you creditably."
disappoint - décevoir, désappointer
jilt - jilt, plaquer, quitter, abandonner
creditably - de maniere crédible
"Thank you, sir, but a less agreeable man would satisfy me. We must not all expect Jane's good fortune."
"True," said Mr. Bennet, "but it is a comfort to think that whatever of that kind may befall you, you have an affectionate mother who will make the most of it."
Mr. Wickham's society was of material service in dispelling the gloom which the late perverse occurrences had thrown on many of the Longbourn family. They saw him often, and to his other recommendations was now added that of general unreserve. The whole of what Elizabeth had already heard, his claims on Mr.
dispelling - la dissipation, déplacé, (dispel), chasser, dissiper
gloom - obscurité, pénombre, grisaille, morosité, noirceur
perverse - pervers
recommendations - des recommandations, recommandation
unreserve - sans réserve
Darcy, and all that he had suffered from him, was now openly acknowledged and publicly canvassed; and everybody was pleased to know how much they had always disliked Mr. Darcy before they had known anything of the matter.
canvassed - sollicité, faire campagne pour
Miss Bennet was the only creature who could suppose there might be any extenuating circumstances in the case, unknown to the society of Hertfordshire; her mild and steady candour always pleaded for allowances, and urged the possibility of mistakes-but by everybody else Mr. Darcy was condemned as the worst of men.
mild - doux, douce, léger
pleaded for - a plaidé pour
allowances - allocations, indemnité, jeu
condemned - condamnée, condamner, déclarer coupable
After a week spent in professions of love and schemes of felicity, Mr. Collins was called from his amiable Charlotte by the arrival of Saturday. The pain of separation, however, might be alleviated on his side, by preparations for the reception of his bride; as he had reason to hope, that shortly after his return into Hertfordshire, the day would be fixed that was to make him the happiest of men.
alleviated - atténuée, adoucir, calmer, soulager
bride - mariée, fiancée, prétendu
He took leave of his relations at Longbourn with as much solemnity as before; wished his fair cousins health and happiness again, and promised their father another letter of thanks.
On the following Monday, Mrs. Bennet had the pleasure of receiving her brother and his wife, who came as usual to spend the Christmas at Longbourn. Mr. Gardiner was a sensible, gentlemanlike man, greatly superior to his sister, as well by nature as education.
The Netherfield ladies would have had difficulty in believing that a man who lived by trade, and within view of his own warehouses, could have been so well-bred and agreeable. Mrs. Gardiner, who was several years younger than Mrs. Bennet and Mrs. Phillips, was an amiable, intelligent, elegant woman, and a great favourite with all her Longbourn nieces.
warehouses - des entrepôts, entrepôt, dépôt
Between the two eldest and herself especially, there subsisted a particular regard. They had frequently been staying with her in town.
subsisted - subsisté, subsister
The first part of Mrs. Gardiner's business on her arrival was to distribute her presents and describe the newest fashions. When this was done she had a less active part to play. It became her turn to listen. Mrs. Bennet had many grievances to relate, and much to complain of. They had all been very ill-used since she last saw her sister.
distribute - distribuer, répartir
grievances - griefs, grief
Two of her girls had been upon the point of marriage, and after all there was nothing in it.
"I do not blame Jane," she continued, "for Jane would have got Mr. Bingley if she could. But Lizzy! Oh, sister! It is very hard to think that she might have been Mr. Collins's wife by this time, had it not been for her own perverseness. He made her an offer in this very room, and she refused him.
The consequence of it is, that Lady Lucas will have a daughter married before I have, and that the Longbourn estate is just as much entailed as ever. The Lucases are very artful people indeed, sister. They are all for what they can get. I am sorry to say it of them, but so it is.
artful - artistique, artificieux
It makes me very nervous and poorly, to be thwarted so in my own family, and to have neighbours who think of themselves before anybody else. However, your coming just at this time is the greatest of comforts, and I am very glad to hear what you tell us, of long sleeves."
thwarted - contrecarrée, contrecarrer, contrarier, banc
sleeves - manches, manche, chemise (inner), gaine (outer), manchon
Mrs. Gardiner, to whom the chief of this news had been given before, in the course of Jane and Elizabeth's correspondence with her, made her sister a slight answer, and, in compassion to her nieces, turned the conversation.
When alone with Elizabeth afterwards, she spoke more on the subject. "It seems likely to have been a desirable match for Jane," said she. "I am sorry it went off. But these things happen so often! A young man, such as you describe Mr.
Bingley, so easily falls in love with a pretty girl for a few weeks, and when accident separates them, so easily forgets her, that these sort of inconsistencies are very frequent."
"An excellent consolation in its way," said Elizabeth, "but it will not do for us. We do not suffer by accident. It does not often happen that the interference of friends will persuade a young man of independent fortune to think no more of a girl whom he was violently in love with only a few days before."
violently - violemment
"But that expression of 'violently in love'is so hackneyed, so doubtful, so indefinite, that it gives me very little idea. It is as often applied to feelings which arise from a half-hour's acquaintance, as to a real, strong attachment. Pray, how violent was Mr. Bingley's love?"
hackneyed - éculé, voiture de louage, taxi
"I never saw a more promising inclination; he was growing quite inattentive to other people, and wholly engrossed by her. Every time they met, it was more decided and remarkable. At his own ball he offended two or three young ladies, by not asking them to dance; and I spoke to him twice myself, without receiving an answer. Could there be finer symptoms?
more promising - plus prometteur
inattentive - inattentif
Is not general incivility the very essence of love?"
essence - essence
"Oh, yes!-of that kind of love which I suppose him to have felt. Poor Jane! I am sorry for her, because, with her disposition, she may not get over it immediately. It had better have happened to you, Lizzy; you would have laughed yourself out of it sooner. But do you think she would be prevailed upon to go back with us?
Change of scene might be of service-and perhaps a little relief from home may be as useful as anything."
Elizabeth was exceedingly pleased with this proposal, and felt persuaded of her sister's ready acquiescence.
acquiescence - l'acquiescement, acquiescement, consentement, péremption
"I hope," added Mrs. Gardiner, "that no consideration with regard to this young man will influence her. We live in so different a part of town, all our connections are so different, and, as you well know, we go out so little, that it is very improbable that they should meet at all, unless he really comes to see her."
"And that is quite impossible; for he is now in the custody of his friend, and Mr. Darcy would no more suffer him to call on Jane in such a part of London! My dear aunt, how could you think of it? Mr.
custody - la garde, garde, détention, garde a vue, custodie
Darcy may perhaps have heard of such a place as Gracechurch Street, but he would hardly think a month's ablution enough to cleanse him from its impurities, were he once to enter it; and depend upon it, Mr. Bingley never stirs without him."
ablution - ablution
cleanse - nettoyage, purifier
impurities - des impuretés, impureté
stirs - s'agite, brasser, agiter
"So much the better. I hope they will not meet at all. But does not Jane correspond with his sister? She will not be able to help calling."
correspond - correspondre (...a qqchose), correspondre (...avec qqun)
"She will drop the acquaintance entirely."
But in spite of the certainty in which Elizabeth affected to place this point, as well as the still more interesting one of Bingley's being withheld from seeing Jane, she felt a solicitude on the subject which convinced her, on examination, that she did not consider it entirely hopeless.
It was possible, and sometimes she thought it probable, that his affection might be reanimated, and the influence of his friends successfully combated by the more natural influence of Jane's attractions.
successfully - avec succes
combated - combattu, combat, bataille, lutte, combattre
Miss Bennet accepted her aunt's invitation with pleasure; and the Bingleys were no otherwise in her thoughts at the same time, than as she hoped by Caroline's not living in the same house with her brother, she might occasionally spend a morning with her, without any danger of seeing him.
The Gardiners stayed a week at Longbourn; and what with the Phillipses, the Lucases, and the officers, there was not a day without its engagement. Mrs. Bennet had so carefully provided for the entertainment of her brother and sister, that they did not once sit down to a family dinner. When the engagement was for home, some of the officers always made part of it-of which officers Mr.
Wickham was sure to be one; and on these occasions, Mrs. Gardiner, rendered suspicious by Elizabeth's warm commendation, narrowly observed them both.
suspicious - suspect, méfiant, soupçonneux, suspicieux
narrowly - de façon étroite, étroitement
Without supposing them, from what she saw, to be very seriously in love, their preference of each other was plain enough to make her a little uneasy; and she resolved to speak to Elizabeth on the subject before she left Hertfordshire, and represent to her the imprudence of encouraging such an attachment.
To Mrs. Gardiner, Wickham had one means of affording pleasure, unconnected with his general powers. About ten or a dozen years ago, before her marriage, she had spent a considerable time in that very part of Derbyshire to which he belonged.
affording - se le permettre, permettre
unconnected - sans lien
They had, therefore, many acquaintances in common; and though Wickham had been little there since the death of Darcy's father, it was yet in his power to give her fresher intelligence of her former friends than she had been in the way of procuring.
procuring - l'approvisionnement, acquérir, obtenir, proxénétisme, procurer
Mrs. Gardiner had seen Pemberley, and known the late Mr. Darcy by character perfectly well. Here consequently was an inexhaustible subject of discourse. In comparing her recollection of Pemberley with the minute description which Wickham could give, and in bestowing her tribute of praise on the character of its late possessor, she was delighting both him and herself.
inexhaustible - inépuisable
bestowing - l'effusion, disposer de, accorder, remettre, conférer
tribute - hommage, tribut
delighting - ravissant, plaisir, délice, joie, enchanter, ravir
On being made acquainted with the present Mr. Darcy's treatment of him, she tried to remember some of that gentleman's reputed disposition when quite a lad which might agree with it, and was confident at last that she recollected having heard Mr. Fitzwilliam Darcy formerly spoken of as a very proud, ill-natured boy.
reputed - réputé, réputation
lad - lad, garçon, gars, jeune homme, palefrenier
confident - assuré, confiant
Mrs. Gardiner's caution to Elizabeth was punctually and kindly given on the first favourable opportunity of speaking to her alone; after honestly telling her what she thought, she thus went on:
"You are too sensible a girl, Lizzy, to fall in love merely because you are warned against it; and, therefore, I am not afraid of speaking openly. Seriously, I would have you be on your guard. Do not involve yourself or endeavour to involve him in an affection which the want of fortune would make so very imprudent.
warned - averti, avertir, alerter, prévenir
I have nothing to say against him; he is a most interesting young man; and if he had the fortune he ought to have, I should think you could not do better. But as it is, you must not let your fancy run away with you. You have sense, and we all expect you to use it. Your father would depend on your resolution and good conduct, I am sure. You must not disappoint your father."
"My dear aunt, this is being serious indeed."
"Yes, and I hope to engage you to be serious likewise."
"Well, then, you need not be under any alarm. I will take care of myself, and of Mr. Wickham too. He shall not be in love with me, if I can prevent it."
"Elizabeth, you are not serious now."
"I beg your pardon, I will try again. At present I am not in love with Mr. Wickham; no, I certainly am not. But he is, beyond all comparison, the most agreeable man I ever saw-and if he becomes really attached to me-I believe it will be better that he should not. I see the imprudence of it. Oh! that abominable Mr. Darcy!
My father's opinion of me does me the greatest honour, and I should be miserable to forfeit it. My father, however, is partial to Mr. Wickham.
forfeit - gage, perdre, abandonner, déclarer forfait
In short, my dear aunt, I should be very sorry to be the means of making any of you unhappy; but since we see every day that where there is affection, young people are seldom withheld by immediate want of fortune from entering into engagements with each other, how can I promise to be wiser than so many of my fellow-creatures if I am tempted, or how am I even to know that it would be wisdom to resist? All that I can promise you, therefore, is not to be in a hurry. I will not be in a hurry to believe myself his first object. When I am in company with him, I will not be wishing. In short, I will do my best."
entering into - dans lequel vous entrez
wiser - plus sage, sage
wisdom - la sagesse, sagesse
resist - résister, s'opposer, rejeter, dégouter, vernis
"Perhaps it will be as well if you discourage his coming here so very often. At least, you should not remind your mother of inviting him."
remind - rappeler
"As I did the other day," said Elizabeth with a conscious smile: "very true, it will be wise in me to refrain from that. But do not imagine that he is always here so often. It is on your account that he has been so frequently invited this week. You know my mother's ideas as to the necessity of constant company for her friends.
refrain - refrain
But really, and upon my honour, I will try to do what I think to be the wisest; and now I hope you are satisfied."
Her aunt assured her that she was, and Elizabeth having thanked her for the kindness of her hints, they parted; a wonderful instance of advice being given on such a point, without being resented.
Mr. Collins returned into Hertfordshire soon after it had been quitted by the Gardiners and Jane; but as he took up his abode with the Lucases, his arrival was no great inconvenience to Mrs. Bennet. His marriage was now fast approaching, and she was at length so far resigned as to think it inevitable, and even repeatedly to say, in an ill-natured tone, that she "wished they might be happy.
" Thursday was to be the wedding day, and on Wednesday Miss Lucas paid her farewell visit; and when she rose to take leave, Elizabeth, ashamed of her mother's ungracious and reluctant good wishes, and sincerely affected herself, accompanied her out of the room. As they went downstairs together, Charlotte said:
Farewell - adieu, prendre congé, dire adieu, faire ses adieux
ungracious - ingrat
reluctant - a contrecour
went downstairs - est descendu en bas
"I shall depend on hearing from you very often, Eliza."
"That you certainly shall."
"And I have another favour to ask you. Will you come and see me?"
"We shall often meet, I hope, in Hertfordshire."
"I am not likely to leave Kent for some time. Promise me, therefore, to come to Hunsford."
Elizabeth could not refuse, though she foresaw little pleasure in the visit.
foresaw - prévoyait, prévoir, anticiper
"My father and Maria are coming to me in March," added Charlotte, "and I hope you will consent to be of the party. Indeed, Eliza, you will be as welcome as either of them."
The wedding took place; the bride and bridegroom set off for Kent from the church door, and everybody had as much to say, or to hear, on the subject as usual. Elizabeth soon heard from her friend; and their correspondence was as regular and frequent as it had ever been; that it should be equally unreserved was impossible.
bridegroom - l'époux, jeune marié, futur marié, futur époux
Elizabeth could never address her without feeling that all the comfort of intimacy was over, and though determined not to slacken as a correspondent, it was for the sake of what had been, rather than what was.
correspondent - correspondant, correspondante
Charlotte's first letters were received with a good deal of eagerness; there could not but be curiosity to know how she would speak of her new home, how she would like Lady Catherine, and how happy she would dare pronounce herself to be; though, when the letters were read, Elizabeth felt that Charlotte expressed herself on every point exactly as she might have foreseen.
foreseen - prévue, prévoir, anticiper
She wrote cheerfully, seemed surrounded with comforts, and mentioned nothing which she could not praise. The house, furniture, neighbourhood, and roads, were all to her taste, and Lady Catherine's behaviour was most friendly and obliging. It was Mr. Collins's picture of Hunsford and Rosings rationally softened; and Elizabeth perceived that she must wait for her own visit there to know the rest.
cheerfully - réjouie
surrounded - entouré, entourer, enceindre
rationally - rationnellement
Jane had already written a few lines to her sister to announce their safe arrival in London; and when she wrote again, Elizabeth hoped it would be in her power to say something of the Bingleys.
Her impatience for this second letter was as well rewarded as impatience generally is. Jane had been a week in town without either seeing or hearing from Caroline. She accounted for it, however, by supposing that her last letter to her friend from Longbourn had by some accident been lost.
accounted - comptabilisée, compte
"My aunt," she continued, "is going to-morrow into that part of the town, and I shall take the opportunity of calling in Grosvenor Street."
calling in - Appeler
She wrote again when the visit was paid, and she had seen Miss Bingley. "I did not think Caroline in spirits," were her words, "but she was very glad to see me, and reproached me for giving her no notice of my coming to London. I was right, therefore, my last letter had never reached her. I inquired after their brother, of course. He was well, but so much engaged with Mr.
reproached - des reproches, reproche, opprobre, reprocher
Darcy that they scarcely ever saw him. I found that Miss Darcy was expected to dinner. I wish I could see her. My visit was not long, as Caroline and Mrs. Hurst were going out. I dare say I shall see them soon here."
Elizabeth shook her head over this letter. It convinced her that accident only could discover to Mr. Bingley her sister's being in town.
Four weeks passed away, and Jane saw nothing of him. She endeavoured to persuade herself that she did not regret it; but she could no longer be blind to Miss Bingley's inattention.
After waiting at home every morning for a fortnight, and inventing every evening a fresh excuse for her, the visitor did at last appear; but the shortness of her stay, and yet more, the alteration of her manner would allow Jane to deceive herself no longer. The letter which she wrote on this occasion to her sister will prove what she felt.
every evening - tous les soirs
shortness - manque de souffle, exiguité
deceive - tromper, leurrer, séduire
"My dearest Lizzy will, I am sure, be incapable of triumphing in her better judgement, at my expense, when I confess myself to have been entirely deceived in Miss Bingley's regard for me. But, my dear sister, though the event has proved you right, do not think me obstinate if I still assert that, considering what her behaviour was, my confidence was as natural as your suspicion.
triumphing - triomphant, (triumph) triomphant
obstinate - obstiné
I do not at all comprehend her reason for wishing to be intimate with me; but if the same circumstances were to happen again, I am sure I should be deceived again. Caroline did not return my visit till yesterday; and not a note, not a line, did I receive in the meantime.
meantime - entre-temps, pendant ce temps
When she did come, it was very evident that she had no pleasure in it; she made a slight, formal apology, for not calling before, said not a word of wishing to see me again, and was in every respect so altered a creature, that when she went away I was perfectly resolved to continue the acquaintance no longer. I pity, though I cannot help blaming her.
She was very wrong in singling me out as she did; I can safely say that every advance to intimacy began on her side. But I pity her, because she must feel that she has been acting wrong, and because I am very sure that anxiety for her brother is the cause of it.
I need not explain myself farther; and though we know this anxiety to be quite needless, yet if she feels it, it will easily account for her behaviour to me; and so deservedly dear as he is to his sister, whatever anxiety she must feel on his behalf is natural and amiable.
deservedly - mérité
I cannot but wonder, however, at her having any such fears now, because, if he had at all cared about me, we must have met, long ago. He knows of my being in town, I am certain, from something she said herself; and yet it would seem, by her manner of talking, as if she wanted to persuade herself that he is really partial to Miss Darcy. I cannot understand it.
If I were not afraid of judging harshly, I should be almost tempted to say that there is a strong appearance of duplicity in all this. But I will endeavour to banish every painful thought, and think only of what will make me happy-your affection, and the invariable kindness of my dear uncle and aunt. Let me hear from you very soon.
duplicity - duplicité, double jeu
banish - bannir
invariable - invariable
Miss Bingley said something of his never returning to Netherfield again, of giving up the house, but not with any certainty. We had better not mention it. I am extremely glad that you have such pleasant accounts from our friends at Hunsford. Pray go to see them, with Sir William and Maria. I am sure you will be very comfortable there.-Yours, etc."
This letter gave Elizabeth some pain; but her spirits returned as she considered that Jane would no longer be duped, by the sister at least. All expectation from the brother was now absolutely over. She would not even wish for a renewal of his attentions.
duped - dupés, dupe
His character sunk on every review of it; and as a punishment for him, as well as a possible advantage to Jane, she seriously hoped he might really soon marry Mr. Darcy's sister, as by Wickham's account, she would make him abundantly regret what he had thrown away.
thrown away - jeté
Mrs. Gardiner about this time reminded Elizabeth of her promise concerning that gentleman, and required information; and Elizabeth had such to send as might rather give contentment to her aunt than to herself. His apparent partiality had subsided, his attentions were over, he was the admirer of some one else.
contentment - le contentement, contentement
subsided - s'est apaisée, tomber, calmer
admirer - admirateur, admiratrice
Elizabeth was watchful enough to see it all, but she could see it and write of it without material pain. Her heart had been but slightly touched, and her vanity was satisfied with believing that she would have been his only choice, had fortune permitted it.
watchful - attentif, vigilant
permitted - autorisé, permettre
The sudden acquisition of ten thousand pounds was the most remarkable charm of the young lady to whom he was now rendering himself agreeable; but Elizabeth, less clear-sighted perhaps in this case than in Charlotte's, did not quarrel with him for his wish of independence.
acquisition - l'acquisition, acquisition
most remarkable - le plus remarquable
clear-sighted - (clear-sighted) clairvoyant
Nothing, on the contrary, could be more natural; and while able to suppose that it cost him a few struggles to relinquish her, she was ready to allow it a wise and desirable measure for both, and could very sincerely wish him happy.
struggles - des luttes, lutte, lutter, s'efforcer, combattre
relinquish - abandonner, renoncer, lâcher, relâcher, laisser
measure for - mesure pour
All this was acknowledged to Mrs. Gardiner; and after relating the circumstances, she thus went on: "I am now convinced, my dear aunt, that I have never been much in love; for had I really experienced that pure and elevating passion, I should at present detest his very name, and wish him all manner of evil.
relating - en relation, raconter, relater
elevating - l'élévation, élever, augmenter
passion - passion
But my feelings are not only cordial towards him; they are even impartial towards Miss King. I cannot find out that I hate her at all, or that I am in the least unwilling to think her a very good sort of girl. There can be no love in all this.
My watchfulness has been effectual; and though I certainly should be a more interesting object to all my acquaintances were I distractedly in love with him, I cannot say that I regret my comparative insignificance. Importance may sometimes be purchased too dearly. Kitty and Lydia take his defection much more to heart than I do.
effectual - efficace
distractedly - distraitement
purchased - achetée, achat, acquisition, acheter
defection - défection
They are young in the ways of the world, and not yet open to the mortifying conviction that handsome young men must have something to live on as well as the plain."
With no greater events than these in the Longbourn family, and otherwise diversified by little beyond the walks to Meryton, sometimes dirty and sometimes cold, did January and February pass away. March was to take Elizabeth to Hunsford.
diversified - diversifié, diversifier
pass away - passer
She had not at first thought very seriously of going thither; but Charlotte, she soon found, was depending on the plan and she gradually learned to consider it herself with greater pleasure as well as greater certainty. Absence had increased her desire of seeing Charlotte again, and weakened her disgust of Mr. Collins.
weakened - affaibli, affaiblir
There was novelty in the scheme, and as, with such a mother and such uncompanionable sisters, home could not be faultless, a little change was not unwelcome for its own sake. The journey would moreover give her a peep at Jane; and, in short, as the time drew near, she would have been very sorry for any delay.
uncompanionable - incompatible
faultless - sans faille, impeccable
unwelcome - indésirable
peep - peep, gazouiller, pépier
Everything, however, went on smoothly, and was finally settled according to Charlotte's first sketch. She was to accompany Sir William and his second daughter. The improvement of spending a night in London was added in time, and the plan became perfect as plan could be.
smoothly - en douceur, souplement, doucement
accompany - accompagner
The only pain was in leaving her father, who would certainly miss her, and who, when it came to the point, so little liked her going, that he told her to write to him, and almost promised to answer her letter.
The farewell between herself and Mr. Wickham was perfectly friendly; on his side even more.
His present pursuit could not make him forget that Elizabeth had been the first to excite and to deserve his attention, the first to listen and to pity, the first to be admired; and in his manner of bidding her adieu, wishing her every enjoyment, reminding her of what she was to expect in Lady Catherine de Bourgh, and trusting their opinion of her-their opinion of everybody-would always coincide, there was a solicitude, an interest which she felt must ever attach her to him with a most sincere regard; and she parted from him convinced that, whether married or single, he must always be her model of the amiable and pleasing.
bidding - impératifs, (bid) impératifs
adieu - adieu, farewell
reminding - rappel, rappeler
coincide - coincident, coincider
attach - attacher
most sincere - le plus sincere
Her fellow-travellers the next day were not of a kind to make her think him less agreeable. Sir William Lucas, and his daughter Maria, a good-humoured girl, but as empty-headed as himself, had nothing to say that could be worth hearing, and were listened to with about as much delight as the rattle of the chaise. Elizabeth loved absurdities, but she had known Sir William's too long.
travellers - voyageurs, voyageur, voyageuse
rattle - cliquetis, claquer, pétarade, ferrailler
He could tell her nothing new of the wonders of his presentation and knighthood; and his civilities were worn out, like his information.
wonders - s'interroge, merveille, étonner
It was a journey of only twenty-four miles, and they began it so early as to be in Gracechurch Street by noon. As they drove to Mr. Gardiner's door, Jane was at a drawing-room window watching their arrival; when they entered the passage she was there to welcome them, and Elizabeth, looking earnestly in her face, was pleased to see it healthful and lovely as ever.
noon - midi
healthful - saine, sain
On the stairs were a troop of little boys and girls, whose eagerness for their cousin's appearance would not allow them to wait in the drawing-room, and whose shyness, as they had not seen her for a twelvemonth, prevented their coming lower. All was joy and kindness. The day passed most pleasantly away; the morning in bustle and shopping, and the evening at one of the theatres.
troop - troupe
shyness - timidité
bustle - l'agitation, affairement, branlebas, remue-ménage, agitation
Elizabeth then contrived to sit by her aunt. Their first object was her sister; and she was more grieved than astonished to hear, in reply to her minute inquiries, that though Jane always struggled to support her spirits, there were periods of dejection. It was reasonable, however, to hope that they would not continue long. Mrs.
struggled - en difficulté, lutte, lutter, s'efforcer, combattre
reasonable - raisonnable
Gardiner gave her the particulars also of Miss Bingley's visit in Gracechurch Street, and repeated conversations occurring at different times between Jane and herself, which proved that the former had, from her heart, given up the acquaintance.
Mrs. Gardiner then rallied her niece on Wickham's desertion, and complimented her on bearing it so well.
rallied - rallié, (se) rallier
niece - niece, niece
desertion - désertion
"But my dear Elizabeth," she added, "what sort of girl is Miss King? I should be sorry to think our friend mercenary."
mercenary - mercenaire
"Pray, my dear aunt, what is the difference in matrimonial affairs, between the mercenary and the prudent motive? Where does discretion end, and avarice begin? Last Christmas you were afraid of his marrying me, because it would be imprudent; and now, because he is trying to get a girl with only ten thousand pounds, you want to find out that he is mercenary."
matrimonial - matrimonial
avarice - l'avarice, avarice
"If you will only tell me what sort of girl Miss King is, I shall know what to think."
"She is a very good kind of girl, I believe. I know no harm of her."
"But he paid her not the smallest attention till her grandfather's death made her mistress of this fortune."
"No-why should he? If it were not allowable for him to gain my affections because I had no money, what occasion could there be for making love to a girl whom he did not care about, and who was equally poor?"
allowable - admissibles
gain - gain, gagner, produit
"But there seems an indelicacy in directing his attentions towards her so soon after this event."
indelicacy - l'indélicatesse
"A man in distressed circumstances has not time for all those elegant decorums which other people may observe. If she does not object to it, why should we?"
decorums - les décorums, décorum
"Her not objecting does not justify him. It only shows her being deficient in something herself-sense or feeling."
"Well," cried Elizabeth, "have it as you choose. He shall be mercenary, and she shall be foolish."
"No, Lizzy, that is what I do not choose. I should be sorry, you know, to think ill of a young man who has lived so long in Derbyshire."
"Oh! if that is all, I have a very poor opinion of young men who live in Derbyshire; and their intimate friends who live in Hertfordshire are not much better. I am sick of them all. Thank Heaven! I am going to-morrow where I shall find a man who has not one agreeable quality, who has neither manner nor sense to recommend him. Stupid men are the only ones worth knowing, after all."
"Take care, Lizzy; that speech savours strongly of disappointment."
savours - savoure, savourer
Before they were separated by the conclusion of the play, she had the unexpected happiness of an invitation to accompany her uncle and aunt in a tour of pleasure which they proposed taking in the summer.
"We have not determined how far it shall carry us," said Mrs. Gardiner, "but, perhaps, to the Lakes."
No scheme could have been more agreeable to Elizabeth, and her acceptance of the invitation was most ready and grateful. "Oh, my dear, dear aunt," she rapturously cried, "what delight! what felicity! You give me fresh life and vigour. Adieu to disappointment and spleen. What are young men to rocks and mountains? Oh! what hours of transport we shall spend!
rapturously - avec enthousiasme
vigour - force, vigueur, énergie
spleen - la rate, rate, spleen
And when we do return, it shall not be like other travellers, without being able to give one accurate idea of anything. We will know where we have gone-we will recollect what we have seen. Lakes, mountains, and rivers shall not be jumbled together in our imaginations; nor when we attempt to describe any particular scene, will we begin quarreling about its relative situation.
accurate - exacte
jumbled - pele-mele, mélanger, emmeler
imaginations - l'imagination, imagination
relative - relative, relatif, parent, géniteur, génitrice
Let our first effusions be less insupportable than those of the generality of travellers."
generality - la généralité
Every object in the next day's journey was new and interesting to Elizabeth; and her spirits were in a state of enjoyment; for she had seen her sister looking so well as to banish all fear for her health, and the prospect of her northern tour was a constant source of delight.
Northern - nord, septentrional, boréal, bise
When they left the high road for the lane to Hunsford, every eye was in search of the Parsonage, and every turning expected to bring it in view. The palings of Rosings Park was their boundary on one side. Elizabeth smiled at the recollection of all that she had heard of its inhabitants.
palings - palissades, pieu
boundary - frontiere, frontiere, limite, limites
At length the Parsonage was discernible. The garden sloping to the road, the house standing in it, the green pales, and the laurel hedge, everything declared they were arriving. Mr. Collins and Charlotte appeared at the door, and the carriage stopped at the small gate which led by a short gravel walk to the house, amidst the nods and smiles of the whole party.
sloping - en pente, renverser, déborder
pales - pales, copain/-ine
laurel - laurier, couronne de laurier, couronne de lauriers, lauriers
hedge - couverture, haie
gravel - graviers, gravillons, gravier
amidst - au milieu
nods - hochements de tete, dodeliner, hocher, hochement
In a moment they were all out of the chaise, rejoicing at the sight of each other. Mrs. Collins welcomed her friend with the liveliest pleasure, and Elizabeth was more and more satisfied with coming when she found herself so affectionately received.
affectionately - affectueusement
She saw instantly that her cousin's manners were not altered by his marriage; his formal civility was just what it had been, and he detained her some minutes at the gate to hear and satisfy his inquiries after all her family.
They were then, with no other delay than his pointing out the neatness of the entrance, taken into the house; and as soon as they were in the parlour, he welcomed them a second time, with ostentatious formality to his humble abode, and punctually repeated all his wife's offers of refreshment.
neatness - la propreté, netteté
ostentatious - ostentatoire
Elizabeth was prepared to see him in his glory; and she could not help in fancying that in displaying the good proportion of the room, its aspect and its furniture, he addressed himself particularly to her, as if wishing to make her feel what she had lost in refusing him.
glory - gloire
displaying - l'affichage, représentation, spectacle, moniteur, écran
But though everything seemed neat and comfortable, she was not able to gratify him by any sigh of repentance, and rather looked with wonder at her friend that she could have so cheerful an air with such a companion. When Mr. Collins said anything of which his wife might reasonably be ashamed, which certainly was not unseldom, she involuntarily turned her eye on Charlotte.
neat - soigné, parure
gratify - gratifier
sigh - soupir
repentance - le repentir, repentance, repentir
unseldom - rarement
involuntarily - involontairement
Once or twice she could discern a faint blush; but in general Charlotte wisely did not hear. After sitting long enough to admire every article of furniture in the room, from the sideboard to the fender, to give an account of their journey, and of all that had happened in London, Mr.
discern - discerner
faint - évanouissement, s'évanouir, défailles, défaillez, défaillir
sideboard - le buffet, buffet
Fender - fender, aile, garde-boue, défense
Collins invited them to take a stroll in the garden, which was large and well laid out, and to the cultivation of which he attended himself. To work in this garden was one of his most respectable pleasures; and Elizabeth admired the command of countenance with which Charlotte talked of the healthfulness of the exercise, and owned she encouraged it as much as possible.
stroll - promenade, flânerie, balade, promener
cultivation - la culture, culture
pleasures - plaisirs, plaisir, volupté, désir
healthfulness - la santé
Here, leading the way through every walk and cross walk, and scarcely allowing them an interval to utter the praises he asked for, every view was pointed out with a minuteness which left beauty entirely behind. He could number the fields in every direction, and could tell how many trees there were in the most distant clump.
minuteness - minuscule
clump - amas, touffe, massif
But of all the views which his garden, or which the country or kingdom could boast, none were to be compared with the prospect of Rosings, afforded by an opening in the trees that bordered the park nearly opposite the front of his house. It was a handsome modern building, well situated on rising ground.
bordered - bordé, frontiere, bord, bordure, délimiter, border
situated - situé, situer
From his garden, Mr. Collins would have led them round his two meadows; but the ladies, not having shoes to encounter the remains of a white frost, turned back; and while Sir William accompanied him, Charlotte took her sister and friend over the house, extremely well pleased, probably, to have the opportunity of showing it without her husband's help.
meadows - prairies, pré
encounter - rencontre
frost - givre, gel
It was rather small, but well built and convenient; and everything was fitted up and arranged with a neatness and consistency of which Elizabeth gave Charlotte all the credit. When Mr. Collins could be forgotten, there was really an air of great comfort throughout, and by Charlotte's evident enjoyment of it, Elizabeth supposed he must be often forgotten.
consistency - cohérence, consistance
throughout - tout au long de l'année, tout au long de, durant
She had already learnt that Lady Catherine was still in the country. It was spoken of again while they were at dinner, when Mr. Collins joining in, observed:
"Yes, Miss Elizabeth, you will have the honour of seeing Lady Catherine de Bourgh on the ensuing Sunday at church, and I need not say you will be delighted with her. She is all affability and condescension, and I doubt not but you will be honoured with some portion of her notice when service is over.
ensuing - qui s'ensuit, résulter, découler
I have scarcely any hesitation in saying she will include you and my sister Maria in every invitation with which she honours us during your stay here. Her behaviour to my dear Charlotte is charming. We dine at Rosings twice every week, and are never allowed to walk home. Her ladyship's carriage is regularly ordered for us. I should say, one of her ladyship's carriages, for she has several."
hesitation - hésitation
regularly - régulierement, régulierement, fréquemment, normalement
"Lady Catherine is a very respectable, sensible woman indeed," added Charlotte, "and a most attentive neighbour."
"Very true, my dear, that is exactly what I say. She is the sort of woman whom one cannot regard with too much deference."
The evening was spent chiefly in talking over Hertfordshire news, and telling again what had already been written; and when it closed, Elizabeth, in the solitude of her chamber, had to meditate upon Charlotte's degree of contentment, to understand her address in guiding, and composure in bearing with, her husband, and to acknowledge that it was all done very well.
chamber - chambre, piece, salle
meditate - méditer
She had also to anticipate how her visit would pass, the quiet tenor of their usual employments, the vexatious interruptions of Mr. Collins, and the gaieties of their intercourse with Rosings. A lively imagination soon settled it all.
anticipate - anticiper, prévoir
tenor - ténor
employments - emplois, emploi, travail
vexatious - vexatoire
interruptions - des interruptions, interruption
About the middle of the next day, as she was in her room getting ready for a walk, a sudden noise below seemed to speak the whole house in confusion; and, after listening a moment, she heard somebody running up stairs in a violent hurry, and calling loudly after her. She opened the door and met Maria in the landing place, who, breathless with agitation, cried out-
in confusion - dans la confusion
running up - en cours d'exécution
agitation - l'agitation, agitation
"Oh, my dear Eliza! pray make haste and come into the dining-room, for there is such a sight to be seen! I will not tell you what it is. Make haste, and come down this moment."
Elizabeth asked questions in vain; Maria would tell her nothing more, and down they ran into the dining-room, which fronted the lane, in quest of this wonder; It was two ladies stopping in a low phaeton at the garden gate.
"And is this all?" cried Elizabeth. "I expected at least that the pigs were got into the garden, and here is nothing but Lady Catherine and her daughter."
"La! my dear," said Maria, quite shocked at the mistake, "it is not Lady Catherine. The old lady is Mrs. Jenkinson, who lives with them; the other is Miss de Bourgh. Only look at her. She is quite a little creature. Who would have thought that she could be so thin and small?"
la - La
shocked - choqué, choc
"She is abominably rude to keep Charlotte out of doors in all this wind. Why does she not come in?"
wind - vent, emmailloter, détortiller, langer, enrouler
"Oh, Charlotte says she hardly ever does. It is the greatest of favours when Miss de Bourgh comes in."
"I like her appearance," said Elizabeth, struck with other ideas. "She looks sickly and cross. Yes, she will do for him very well. She will make him a very proper wife."
Mr. Collins and Charlotte were both standing at the gate in conversation with the ladies; and Sir William, to Elizabeth's high diversion, was stationed in the doorway, in earnest contemplation of the greatness before him, and constantly bowing whenever Miss de Bourgh looked that way.
doorway - l'embrasure de la porte, embrasure de la porte
greatness - la grandeur, grandeur
constantly - constamment, en boucle
bowing - s'incliner, (bow) s'incliner
At length there was nothing more to be said; the ladies drove on, and the others returned into the house. Mr. Collins no sooner saw the two girls than he began to congratulate them on their good fortune, which Charlotte explained by letting them know that the whole party was asked to dine at Rosings the next day.
Mr. Collins's triumph, in consequence of this invitation, was complete.
The power of displaying the grandeur of his patroness to his wondering visitors, and of letting them see her civility towards himself and his wife, was exactly what he had wished for; and that an opportunity of doing it should be given so soon, was such an instance of Lady Catherine's condescension, as he knew not how to admire enough.
"I confess," said he, "that I should not have been at all surprised by her ladyship's asking us on Sunday to drink tea and spend the evening at Rosings. I rather expected, from my knowledge of her affability, that it would happen. But who could have foreseen such an attention as this?
Who could have imagined that we should receive an invitation to dine there (an invitation, moreover, including the whole party) so immediately after your arrival!"
"I am the less surprised at what has happened," replied Sir William, "from that knowledge of what the manners of the great really are, which my situation in life has allowed me to acquire. About the court, such instances of elegant breeding are not uncommon."
acquire - acquérir
scarcely anything was talked of the whole day or next morning but their visit to Rosings. Mr. Collins was carefully instructing them in what they were to expect, that the sight of such rooms, so many servants, and so splendid a dinner, might not wholly overpower them.
scarcely anything - presque rien
instructing - instruire, enseigner, apprendre
overpower - l'emporter, soumettre
When the ladies were separating for the toilette, he said to Elizabeth-
toilette - toilette
"Do not make yourself uneasy, my dear cousin, about your apparel. Lady Catherine is far from requiring that elegance of dress in us which becomes herself and her daughter. I would advise you merely to put on whatever of your clothes is superior to the rest-there is no occasion for anything more. Lady Catherine will not think the worse of you for being simply dressed.
apparel - vetements, veture
Simply - tout simplement, simplement
She likes to have the distinction of rank preserved."
While they were dressing, he came two or three times to their different doors, to recommend their being quick, as Lady Catherine very much objected to be kept waiting for her dinner.
Such formidable accounts of her ladyship, and her manner of living, quite frightened Maria Lucas who had been little used to company, and she looked forward to her introduction at Rosings with as much apprehension as her father had done to his presentation at St. James's.
formidable - formidable
As the weather was fine, they had a pleasant walk of about half a mile across the park. Every park has its beauty and its prospects; and Elizabeth saw much to be pleased with, though she could not be in such raptures as Mr.
Collins expected the scene to inspire, and was but slightly affected by his enumeration of the windows in front of the house, and his relation of what the glazing altogether had originally cost Sir Lewis de Bourgh.
inspire - inspirer
enumeration - énumération
glazing - le vitrage, vitrage, (glaze), glaçure, émail, glacis, glaçage
When they ascended the steps to the hall, Maria's alarm was every moment increasing, and even Sir William did not look perfectly calm. Elizabeth's courage did not fail her. She had heard nothing of Lady Catherine that spoke her awful from any extraordinary talents or miraculous virtue, and the mere stateliness of money or rank she thought she could witness without trepidation.
ascended - ascensionné, monter
talents - talents, talent
miraculous - miraculeux
stateliness - l'état d'esprit
witness - témoin
trepidation - inquiétude, crainte, appréhension, trépidation
From the entrance-hall, of which Mr. Collins pointed out, with a rapturous air, the fine proportion and the finished ornaments, they followed the servants through an ante-chamber, to the room where Lady Catherine, her daughter, and Mrs. Jenkinson were sitting. Her ladyship, with great condescension, arose to receive them; and as Mrs.
entrance-hall - (entrance-hall) le hall d'entrée
ornaments - ornements, ornement, ornement musical
ante - ante, mise, miser
Collins had settled it with her husband that the office of introduction should be hers, it was performed in a proper manner, without any of those apologies and thanks which he would have thought necessary.
In spite of having been at St. James's, Sir William was so completely awed by the grandeur surrounding him, that he had but just courage enough to make a very low bow, and take his seat without saying a word; and his daughter, frightened almost out of her senses, sat on the edge of her chair, not knowing which way to look.
edge - bord, côté, arete, carre
Elizabeth found herself quite equal to the scene, and could observe the three ladies before her composedly. Lady Catherine was a tall, large woman, with strongly-marked features, which might once have been handsome. Her air was not conciliating, nor was her manner of receiving them such as to make her visitors forget their inferior rank.
inferior - inférieur
She was not rendered formidable by silence; but whatever she said was spoken in so authoritative a tone, as marked her self-importance, and brought Mr. Wickham immediately to Elizabeth's mind; and from the observation of the day altogether, she believed Lady Catherine to be exactly what he represented.
When, after examining the mother, in whose countenance and deportment she soon found some resemblance of Mr. Darcy, she turned her eyes on the daughter, she could almost have joined in Maria's astonishment at her being so thin and so small. There was neither in figure nor face any likeness between the ladies.
examining - l'examen, examiner
deportment - comportement
Miss de Bourgh was pale and sickly; her features, though not plain, were insignificant; and she spoke very little, except in a low voice, to Mrs. Jenkinson, in whose appearance there was nothing remarkable, and who was entirely engaged in listening to what she said, and placing a screen in the proper direction before her eyes.
pale - pâle, hâve
insignificant - insignifiante
After sitting a few minutes, they were all sent to one of the windows to admire the view, Mr. Collins attending them to point out its beauties, and Lady Catherine kindly informing them that it was much better worth looking at in the summer.
informing - informer, avertir (de)
The dinner was exceedingly handsome, and there were all the servants and all the articles of plate which Mr. Collins had promised; and, as he had likewise foretold, he took his seat at the bottom of the table, by her ladyship's desire, and looked as if he felt that life could furnish nothing greater.
foretold - prédit, prédire
He carved, and ate, and praised with delighted alacrity; and every dish was commended, first by him and then by Sir William, who was now enough recovered to echo whatever his son-in-law said, in a manner which Elizabeth wondered Lady Catherine could bear.
Echo - echo, écho
But Lady Catherine seemed gratified by their excessive admiration, and gave most gracious smiles, especially when any dish on the table proved a novelty to them. The party did not supply much conversation.
most gracious - le plus gracieux
Elizabeth was ready to speak whenever there was an opening, but she was seated between Charlotte and Miss de Bourgh-the former of whom was engaged in listening to Lady Catherine, and the latter said not a word to her all dinner-time. Mrs. Jenkinson was chiefly employed in watching how little Miss de Bourgh ate, pressing her to try some other dish, and fearing she was indisposed.
Maria thought speaking out of the question, and the gentlemen did nothing but eat and admire.
When the ladies returned to the drawing-room, there was little to be done but to hear Lady Catherine talk, which she did without any intermission till coffee came in, delivering her opinion on every subject in so decisive a manner, as proved that she was not used to have her judgement controverted.
did without - a fait sans
delivering - livrant, accoucher, livrer, remettre
She inquired into Charlotte's domestic concerns familiarly and minutely, gave her a great deal of advice as to the management of them all; told her how everything ought to be regulated in so small a family as hers, and instructed her as to the care of her cows and her poultry.
concerns - préoccupations, inquiétude, souci, soin, préoccupation
familiarly - familierement
minutely - minutieusement
management - la gestion
regulated - réglementé, régler
instructed - instruit, instruire, enseigner, apprendre
poultry - de la volaille, volaille, volailles, basse-cour
Elizabeth found that nothing was beneath this great lady's attention, which could furnish her with an occasion of dictating to others. In the intervals of her discourse with Mrs. Collins, she addressed a variety of questions to Maria and Elizabeth, but especially to the latter, of whose connections she knew the least, and who she observed to Mrs. Collins was a very genteel, pretty kind of girl.
beneath this - en dessous de ça
dictating - dicter
She asked her, at different times, how many sisters she had, whether they were older or younger than herself, whether any of them were likely to be married, whether they were handsome, where they had been educated, what carriage her father kept, and what had been her mother's maiden name? Elizabeth felt all the impertinence of her questions but answered them very composedly.
maiden name - nom de jeune fille
Lady Catherine then observed,
"Your father's estate is entailed on Mr. Collins, I think. For your sake," turning to Charlotte, "I am glad of it; but otherwise I see no occasion for entailing estates from the female line. It was not thought necessary in Sir Lewis de Bourgh's family. Do you play and sing, Miss Bennet?"
entailing - qui en découle, occasionner, comporter
"Oh! then-some time or other we shall be happy to hear you. Our instrument is a capital one, probably superior to--You shall try it some day. Do your sisters play and sing?"
"One of them does."
"Why did not you all learn? You ought all to have learned. The Miss Webbs all play, and their father has not so good an income as yours. Do you draw?"
"No, not at all."
"What, none of you?"
"That is very strange. But I suppose you had no opportunity. Your mother should have taken you to town every spring for the benefit of masters."
masters - maîtres, maître/-tresse
"My mother would have had no objection, but my father hates London."
"Has your governess left you?"
governess - gouvernante, gouverneuse
"We never had any governess."
"No governess! How was that possible? Five daughters brought up at home without a governess! I never heard of such a thing. Your mother must have been quite a slave to your education."
Elizabeth could hardly help smiling as she assured her that had not been the case.
"Then, who taught you? who attended to you? Without a governess, you must have been neglected."
neglected - négligé, négliger, négligence
"Compared with some families, I believe we were; but such of us as wished to learn never wanted the means. We were always encouraged to read, and had all the masters that were necessary. Those who chose to be idle, certainly might."
"Aye, no doubt; but that is what a governess will prevent, and if I had known your mother, I should have advised her most strenuously to engage one. I always say that nothing is to be done in education without steady and regular instruction, and nobody but a governess can give it. It is wonderful how many families I have been the means of supplying in that way.
strenuously - cassante
supplying - l'approvisionnement, fournir, approvisionner
I am always glad to get a young person well placed out. Four nieces of Mrs. Jenkinson are most delightfully situated through my means; and it was but the other day that I recommended another young person, who was merely accidentally mentioned to me, and the family are quite delighted with her. Mrs. Collins, did I tell you of Lady Metcalf's calling yesterday to thank me?
She finds Miss Pope a treasure. 'Lady Catherine,'said she, 'you have given me a treasure.'Are any of your younger sisters out, Miss Bennet?"
pope - pape
treasure - trésor, garder précieusement
"Yes, ma'am, all."
"All! What, all five out at once? Very odd! And you only the second. The younger ones out before the elder ones are married! Your younger sisters must be very young?"
"Yes, my youngest is not sixteen. Perhaps she is full young to be much in company. But really, ma'am, I think it would be very hard upon younger sisters, that they should not have their share of society and amusement, because the elder may not have the means or inclination to marry early. The last-born has as good a right to the pleasures of youth as the first.
And to be kept back on such a motive! I think it would not be very likely to promote sisterly affection or delicacy of mind."
sisterly - entre sours, sour
"Upon my word," said her ladyship, "you give your opinion very decidedly for so young a person. Pray, what is your age?"
"With three younger sisters grown up," replied Elizabeth, smiling, "your ladyship can hardly expect me to own it."
Lady Catherine seemed quite astonished at not receiving a direct answer; and Elizabeth suspected herself to be the first creature who had ever dared to trifle with so much dignified impertinence.
dignified - digne, honorer
"You cannot be more than twenty, I am sure, therefore you need not conceal your age."
"I am not one-and-twenty."
When the gentlemen had joined them, and tea was over, the card-tables were placed. Lady Catherine, Sir William, and Mr. and Mrs. Collins sat down to quadrille; and as Miss de Bourgh chose to play at cassino, the two girls had the honour of assisting Mrs. Jenkinson to make up her party. Their table was superlatively stupid.
cassino - cassino
superlatively - de maniere superlative
Scarcely a syllable was uttered that did not relate to the game, except when Mrs. Jenkinson expressed her fears of Miss de Bourgh's being too hot or too cold, or having too much or too little light. A great deal more passed at the other table. Lady Catherine was generally speaking-stating the mistakes of the three others, or relating some anecdote of herself. Mr.
syllable - syllabe
Collins was employed in agreeing to everything her ladyship said, thanking her for every fish he won, and apologising if he thought he won too many. Sir William did not say much. He was storing his memory with anecdotes and noble names.
anecdotes - des anecdotes, anecdote
When Lady Catherine and her daughter had played as long as they chose, the tables were broken up, the carriage was offered to Mrs. Collins, gratefully accepted and immediately ordered. The party then gathered round the fire to hear Lady Catherine determine what weather they were to have on the morrow.
gratefully - avec gratitude
From these instructions they were summoned by the arrival of the coach; and with many speeches of thankfulness on Mr. Collins's side and as many bows on Sir William's they departed. As soon as they had driven from the door, Elizabeth was called on by her cousin to give her opinion of all that she had seen at Rosings, which, for Charlotte's sake, she made more favourable than it really was.
thankfulness - le remerciement, gratitude, reconnaissance
But her commendation, though costing her some trouble, could by no means satisfy Mr. Collins, and he was very soon obliged to take her ladyship's praise into his own hands.
Sir William stayed only a week at Hunsford, but his visit was long enough to convince him of his daughter's being most comfortably settled, and of her possessing such a husband and such a neighbour as were not often met with. While Sir William was with them, Mr.
comfortably - confortablement, agréablement
possessing - posséder, s'emparer de
Collins devoted his morning to driving him out in his gig, and showing him the country; but when he went away, the whole family returned to their usual employments, and Elizabeth was thankful to find that they did not see more of her cousin by the alteration, for the chief of the time between breakfast and dinner was now passed by him either at work in the garden or in reading and writing, and looking out of the window in his own book-room, which fronted the road. The room in which the ladies sat was backwards. Elizabeth had at first rather wondered that Charlotte should not prefer the dining-parlour for common use; it was a better sized room, and had a more pleasant aspect; but she soon saw that her friend had an excellent reason for what she did, for Mr. Collins would undoubtedly have been much less in his own apartment, had they sat in one equally lively; and she gave Charlotte credit for the arrangement.
gig - gig, concert
backwards - a l'envers, arriéré, en arriere, a reculons
From the drawing-room they could distinguish nothing in the lane, and were indebted to Mr. Collins for the knowledge of what carriages went along, and how often especially Miss de Bourgh drove by in her phaeton, which he never failed coming to inform them of, though it happened almost every day.
distinguish - distinguer
indebted - endetté
She not unfrequently stopped at the Parsonage, and had a few minutes'conversation with Charlotte, but was scarcely ever prevailed upon to get out.
unfrequently - rarement
Very few days passed in which Mr. Collins did not walk to Rosings, and not many in which his wife did not think it necessary to go likewise; and till Elizabeth recollected that there might be other family livings to be disposed of, she could not understand the sacrifice of so many hours.
livings - de la vie, vivant, mode de vie, vie
Now and then they were honoured with a call from her ladyship, and nothing escaped her observation that was passing in the room during these visits.
She examined into their employments, looked at their work, and advised them to do it differently; found fault with the arrangement of the furniture; or detected the housemaid in negligence; and if she accepted any refreshment, seemed to do it only for the sake of finding out that Mrs. Collins's joints of meat were too large for her family.
negligence - négligence coupable
joints - articulations, conjoint, commun, articulation, rotule, jointure
Elizabeth soon perceived, that though this great lady was not in commission of the peace of the county, she was a most active magistrate in her own parish, the minutest concerns of which were carried to her by Mr.
in commission - en commission
most active - Le plus actif
magistrate - magistrat
Collins; and whenever any of the cottagers were disposed to be quarrelsome, discontented, or too poor, she sallied forth into the village to settle their differences, silence their complaints, and scold them into harmony and plenty.
quarrelsome - querelleur
sallied - salué, sortie
scold - chipie, furie, mégere, gronder, réprimander
harmony - l'harmonie, harmonie
plenty - l'abondance, abondance
The entertainment of dining at Rosings was repeated about twice a week; and, allowing for the loss of Sir William, and there being only one card-table in the evening, every such entertainment was the counterpart of the first. Their other engagements were few, as the style of living in the neighbourhood in general was beyond Mr. Collins's reach.
counterpart - contreartie, homologue, duplicat, checkpendant, checkéquivalent
This, however, was no evil to Elizabeth, and upon the whole she spent her time comfortably enough; there were half-hours of pleasant conversation with Charlotte, and the weather was so fine for the time of year that she had often great enjoyment out of doors.
Her favourite walk, and where she frequently went while the others were calling on Lady Catherine, was along the open grove which edged that side of the park, where there was a nice sheltered path, which no one seemed to value but herself, and where she felt beyond the reach of Lady Catherine's curiosity.
grove - bosquet
edged - bordé, bord, côté, arete, carre
sheltered - a l'abri, abri, refuge, abriter
In this quiet way, the first fortnight of her visit soon passed away. Easter was approaching, and the week preceding it was to bring an addition to the family at Rosings, which in so small a circle must be important. Elizabeth had heard soon after her arrival that Mr.
Darcy was expected there in the course of a few weeks, and though there were not many of her acquaintances whom she did not prefer, his coming would furnish one comparatively new to look at in their Rosings parties, and she might be amused in seeing how hopeless Miss Bingley's designs on him were, by his behaviour to his cousin, for whom he was evidently destined by Lady Catherine, who talked of his coming with the greatest satisfaction, spoke of him in terms of the highest admiration, and seemed almost angry to find that he had already been frequently seen by Miss Lucas and herself.
His arrival was soon known at the Parsonage; for Mr. Collins was walking the whole morning within view of the lodges opening into Hunsford Lane, in order to have the earliest assurance of it, and after making his bow as the carriage turned into the Park, hurried home with the great intelligence. On the following morning he hastened to Rosings to pay his respects.
lodges - les gîtes, cabane, maison du portier, loge, rench: -neededr
hurried - pressé, précipitation, hâte, dépecher
hastened to - s'est empressé de faire
There were two nephews of Lady Catherine to require them, for Mr. Darcy had brought with him a Colonel Fitzwilliam, the younger son of his uncle Lord --, and, to the great surprise of all the party, when Mr. Collins returned, the gentlemen accompanied him.
nephews - neveux, neveu
Charlotte had seen them from her husband's room, crossing the road, and immediately running into the other, told the girls what an honour they might expect, adding:
"I may thank you, Eliza, for this piece of civility. Mr. Darcy would never have come so soon to wait upon me."
wait upon - attendre
Elizabeth had scarcely time to disclaim all right to the compliment, before their approach was announced by the door-bell, and shortly afterwards the three gentlemen entered the room. Colonel Fitzwilliam, who led the way, was about thirty, not handsome, but in person and address most truly the gentleman. Mr.
disclaim - renoncer, désavouent, désavouez, démentir, désavouer
Darcy looked just as he had been used to look in Hertfordshire-paid his compliments, with his usual reserve, to Mrs. Collins, and whatever might be his feelings toward her friend, met her with every appearance of composure. Elizabeth merely curtseyed to him without saying a word.
curtseyed - en faisant la révérence, révérence, faire la révérence
Colonel Fitzwilliam entered into conversation directly with the readiness and ease of a well-bred man, and talked very pleasantly; but his cousin, after having addressed a slight observation on the house and garden to Mrs. Collins, sat for some time without speaking to anybody. At length, however, his civility was so far awakened as to inquire of Elizabeth after the health of her family.
awakened - éveillé, réveiller, se réveiller
She answered him in the usual way, and after a moment's pause, added:
"My eldest sister has been in town these three months. Have you never happened to see her there?"
She was perfectly sensible that he never had; but she wished to see whether he would betray any consciousness of what had passed between the Bingleys and Jane, and she thought he looked a little confused as he answered that he had never been so fortunate as to meet Miss Bennet. The subject was pursued no farther, and the gentlemen soon afterwards went away.
betray - trahir, livrer
consciousness - la conscience, conscience
confused - confus, rendre perplexe, confondre
pursued - poursuivie, poursuivre, rechercher
Colonel Fitzwilliam's manners were very much admired at the Parsonage, and the ladies all felt that he must add considerably to the pleasures of their engagements at Rosings.
Considerably - considérablement, largement
It was some days, however, before they received any invitation thither-for while there were visitors in the house, they could not be necessary; and it was not till Easter-day, almost a week after the gentlemen's arrival, that they were honoured by such an attention, and then they were merely asked on leaving church to come there in the evening.
not till - pas avant
For the last week they had seen very little of Lady Catherine or her daughter. Colonel Fitzwilliam had called at the Parsonage more than once during the time, but Mr. Darcy they had seen only at church.
The invitation was accepted of course, and at a proper hour they joined the party in Lady Catherine's drawing-room. Her ladyship received them civilly, but it was plain that their company was by no means so acceptable as when she could get nobody else; and she was, in fact, almost engrossed by her nephews, speaking to them, especially to Darcy, much more than to any other person in the room.
Colonel Fitzwilliam seemed really glad to see them; anything was a welcome relief to him at Rosings; and Mrs. Collins's pretty friend had moreover caught his fancy very much.
He now seated himself by her, and talked so agreeably of Kent and Hertfordshire, of travelling and staying at home, of new books and music, that Elizabeth had never been half so well entertained in that room before; and they conversed with so much spirit and flow, as to draw the attention of Lady Catherine herself, as well as of Mr. Darcy.
conversed - conversé, converser
His eyes had been soon and repeatedly turned towards them with a look of curiosity; and that her ladyship, after a while, shared the feeling, was more openly acknowledged, for she did not scruple to call out:
"What is that you are saying, Fitzwilliam? What is it you are talking of? What are you telling Miss Bennet? Let me hear what it is."
"We are speaking of music, madam," said he, when no longer able to avoid a reply.
"Of music! Then pray speak aloud. It is of all subjects my delight. I must have my share in the conversation if you are speaking of music. There are few people in England, I suppose, who have more true enjoyment of music than myself, or a better natural taste. If I had ever learnt, I should have been a great proficient. And so would Anne, if her health had allowed her to apply.
proficient - compétent
I am confident that she would have performed delightfully. How does Georgiana get on, Darcy?"
Mr. Darcy spoke with affectionate praise of his sister's proficiency.
proficiency - compétence
"I am very glad to hear such a good account of her," said Lady Catherine; "and pray tell her from me, that she cannot expect to excel if she does not practice a good deal."
"I assure you, madam," he replied, "that she does not need such advice. She practises very constantly."
"So much the better. It cannot be done too much; and when I next write to her, I shall charge her not to neglect it on any account. I often tell young ladies that no excellence in music is to be acquired without constant practice. I have told Miss Bennet several times, that she will never play really well unless she practises more; and though Mrs.
charge - frais, charge, chef d’accusation, chef d’inculpation, meuble
Collins has no instrument, she is very welcome, as I have often told her, to come to Rosings every day, and play on the pianoforte in Mrs. Jenkinson's room. She would be in nobody's way, you know, in that part of the house."
Mr. Darcy looked a little ashamed of his aunt's ill-breeding, and made no answer.
When coffee was over, Colonel Fitzwilliam reminded Elizabeth of having promised to play to him; and she sat down directly to the instrument. He drew a chair near her.
Lady Catherine listened to half a song, and then talked, as before, to her other nephew; till the latter walked away from her, and making with his usual deliberation towards the pianoforte stationed himself so as to command a full view of the fair performer's countenance. Elizabeth saw what he was doing, and at the first convenient pause, turned to him with an arch smile, and said:
performer - artiste-interprete, artiste, interprete, exécutant, exécutante
arch - arch, dôme
"You mean to frighten me, Mr. Darcy, by coming in all this state to hear me? I will not be alarmed though your sister does play so well. There is a stubbornness about me that never can bear to be frightened at the will of others. My courage always rises at every attempt to intimidate me."
stubbornness - l'entetement, entetement
be frightened - etre effrayé
intimidate - intimider
"I shall not say you are mistaken," he replied, "because you could not really believe me to entertain any design of alarming you; and I have had the pleasure of your acquaintance long enough to know that you find great enjoyment in occasionally professing opinions which in fact are not your own."
Elizabeth laughed heartily at this picture of herself, and said to Colonel Fitzwilliam, "Your cousin will give you a very pretty notion of me, and teach you not to believe a word I say. I am particularly unlucky in meeting with a person so able to expose my real character, in a part of the world where I had hoped to pass myself off with some degree of credit. Indeed, Mr.
Darcy, it is very ungenerous in you to mention all that you knew to my disadvantage in Hertfordshire-and, give me leave to say, very impolitic too-for it is provoking me to retaliate, and such things may come out as will shock your relations to hear."
impolitic - impolitique
retaliate - de représailles, riposter
shock - choc, choquons, offusquer, choquez, choquer, secouer
"I am not afraid of you," said he, smilingly.
smilingly - en souriant
"Pray let me hear what you have to accuse him of," cried Colonel Fitzwilliam. "I should like to know how he behaves among strangers."
"You shall hear then-but prepare yourself for something very dreadful. The first time of my ever seeing him in Hertfordshire, you must know, was at a ball-and at this ball, what do you think he did? He danced only four dances, though gentlemen were scarce; and, to my certain knowledge, more than one young lady was sitting down in want of a partner. Mr. Darcy, you cannot deny the fact."
scarce - rare
deny - nier, démentir, refuser
"I had not at that time the honour of knowing any lady in the assembly beyond my own party."
"True; and nobody can ever be introduced in a ball-room. Well, Colonel Fitzwilliam, what do I play next? My fingers wait your orders."
"Perhaps," said Darcy, "I should have judged better, had I sought an introduction; but I am ill-qualified to recommend myself to strangers."
judged - jugée, juger
"Shall we ask your cousin the reason of this?" said Elizabeth, still addressing Colonel Fitzwilliam. "Shall we ask him why a man of sense and education, and who has lived in the world, is ill qualified to recommend himself to strangers?"
"I can answer your question," said Fitzwilliam, "without applying to him. It is because he will not give himself the trouble."
"I certainly have not the talent which some people possess," said Darcy, "of conversing easily with those I have never seen before. I cannot catch their tone of conversation, or appear interested in their concerns, as I often see done."
"My fingers," said Elizabeth, "do not move over this instrument in the masterly manner which I see so many women's do. They have not the same force or rapidity, and do not produce the same expression. But then I have always supposed it to be my own fault-because I will not take the trouble of practising.
masterly - magistral
It is not that I do not believe my fingers as capable as any other woman's of superior execution."
Darcy smiled and said, "You are perfectly right. You have employed your time much better. No one admitted to the privilege of hearing you can think anything wanting. We neither of us perform to strangers."
Here they were interrupted by Lady Catherine, who called out to know what they were talking of. Elizabeth immediately began playing again. Lady Catherine approached, and, after listening for a few minutes, said to Darcy:
"Miss Bennet would not play at all amiss if she practised more, and could have the advantage of a London master. She has a very good notion of fingering, though her taste is not equal to Anne's. Anne would have been a delightful performer, had her health allowed her to learn."
Elizabeth looked at Darcy to see how cordially he assented to his cousin's praise; but neither at that moment nor at any other could she discern any symptom of love; and from the whole of his behaviour to Miss de Bourgh she derived this comfort for Miss Bingley, that he might have been just as likely to marry her, had she been his relation.
symptom - symptôme
derived - dérivés, tirer, trouver, déduire, conclure, dériver
Lady Catherine continued her remarks on Elizabeth's performance, mixing with them many instructions on execution and taste. Elizabeth received them with all the forbearance of civility, and, at the request of the gentlemen, remained at the instrument till her ladyship's carriage was ready to take them all home.
mixing - mélange, mélanger
Elizabeth was sitting by herself the next morning, and writing to Jane while Mrs. Collins and Maria were gone on business into the village, when she was startled by a ring at the door, the certain signal of a visitor.
As she had heard no carriage, she thought it not unlikely to be Lady Catherine, and under that apprehension was putting away her half-finished letter that she might escape all impertinent questions, when the door opened, and, to her very great surprise, Mr. Darcy, and Mr. Darcy only, entered the room.
putting away - Mettre de côté
He seemed astonished too on finding her alone, and apologised for his intrusion by letting her know that he had understood all the ladies were to be within.
They then sat down, and when her inquiries after Rosings were made, seemed in danger of sinking into total silence. It was absolutely necessary, therefore, to think of something, and in this emergence recollecting when she had seen him last in Hertfordshire, and feeling curious to know what he would say on the subject of their hasty departure, she observed:
sinking - en train de couler, naufrage, (sink), couler, s'enfoncer
emergence - l'émergence, émergence
recollecting - se souvenir de
"How very suddenly you all quitted Netherfield last November, Mr. Darcy! It must have been a most agreeable surprise to Mr. Bingley to see you all after him so soon; for, if I recollect right, he went but the day before. He and his sisters were well, I hope, when you left London?"
"Perfectly so, I thank you."
She found that she was to receive no other answer, and, after a short pause added:
"I think I have understood that Mr. Bingley has not much idea of ever returning to Netherfield again?"
"I have never heard him say so; but it is probable that he may spend very little of his time there in the future. He has many friends, and is at a time of life when friends and engagements are continually increasing."
"If he means to be but little at Netherfield, it would be better for the neighbourhood that he should give up the place entirely, for then we might possibly get a settled family there. But, perhaps, Mr. Bingley did not take the house so much for the convenience of the neighbourhood as for his own, and we must expect him to keep it or quit it on the same principle."
"I should not be surprised," said Darcy, "if he were to give it up as soon as any eligible purchase offers."
Elizabeth made no answer. She was afraid of talking longer of his friend; and, having nothing else to say, was now determined to leave the trouble of finding a subject to him.
He took the hint, and soon began with, "This seems a very comfortable house. Lady Catherine, I believe, did a great deal to it when Mr. Collins first came to Hunsford."
"I believe she did-and I am sure she could not have bestowed her kindness on a more grateful object."
more grateful - plus reconnaissant
"Mr. Collins appears to be very fortunate in his choice of a wife."
"Yes, indeed, his friends may well rejoice in his having met with one of the very few sensible women who would have accepted him, or have made him happy if they had. My friend has an excellent understanding-though I am not certain that I consider her marrying Mr. Collins as the wisest thing she ever did.
rejoice - se réjouir, réjouir
She seems perfectly happy, however, and in a prudential light it is certainly a very good match for her."
perfectly happy - parfaitement heureux
prudential - prudentiel
"It must be very agreeable for her to be settled within so easy a distance of her own family and friends."
be settled - etre réglée
"An easy distance, do you call it? It is nearly fifty miles."
"And what is fifty miles of good road? Little more than half a day's journey. Yes, I call it a very easy distance."
"I should never have considered the distance as one of the advantages of the match," cried Elizabeth. "I should never have said Mrs. Collins was settled near her family."
"It is a proof of your own attachment to Hertfordshire. Anything beyond the very neighbourhood of Longbourn, I suppose, would appear far."
As he spoke there was a sort of smile which Elizabeth fancied she understood; he must be supposing her to be thinking of Jane and Netherfield, and she blushed as she answered:
"I do not mean to say that a woman may not be settled too near her family. The far and the near must be relative, and depend on many varying circumstances. Where there is fortune to make the expenses of travelling unimportant, distance becomes no evil. But that is not the case here. Mr. and Mrs.
varying - varier
expenses - dépenses, dépense
Collins have a comfortable income, but not such a one as will allow of frequent journeys-and I am persuaded my friend would not call herself near her family under less than half the present distance."
allow of - permettre de
Mr. Darcy drew his chair a little towards her, and said, "You cannot have a right to such very strong local attachment. You cannot have been always at Longbourn."
Elizabeth looked surprised. The gentleman experienced some change of feeling; he drew back his chair, took a newspaper from the table, and glancing over it, said, in a colder voice:
"Are you pleased with Kent?"
A short dialogue on the subject of the country ensued, on either side calm and concise-and soon put an end to by the entrance of Charlotte and her sister, just returned from her walk. The tete-a-tete surprised them. Mr. Darcy related the mistake which had occasioned his intruding on Miss Bennet, and after sitting a few minutes longer without saying much to anybody, went away.
concise - concis
occasioned - occasionné, occasion
"What can be the meaning of this?" said Charlotte, as soon as he was gone. "My dear, Eliza, he must be in love with you, or he would never have called us in this familiar way."
But when Elizabeth told of his silence, it did not seem very likely, even to Charlotte's wishes, to be the case; and after various conjectures, they could at last only suppose his visit to proceed from the difficulty of finding anything to do, which was the more probable from the time of year. All field sports were over.
conjectures - des conjectures, conjecture, conjecturer
more probable - plus probable
Within doors there was Lady Catherine, books, and a billiard-table, but gentlemen cannot always be within doors; and in the nearness of the Parsonage, or the pleasantness of the walk to it, or of the people who lived in it, the two cousins found a temptation from this period of walking thither almost every day.
billiard - billard
nearness - la proximité
They called at various times of the morning, sometimes separately, sometimes together, and now and then accompanied by their aunt.
separately - séparément
It was plain to them all that Colonel Fitzwilliam came because he had pleasure in their society, a persuasion which of course recommended him still more; and Elizabeth was reminded by her own satisfaction in being with him, as well as by his evident admiration of her, of her former favourite George Wickham; and though, in comparing them, she saw there was less captivating softness in Colonel Fitzwilliam's manners, she believed he might have the best informed mind.
captivating - captivant, captiver
softness - la douceur, douceur
best informed - le mieux informé
But why Mr. Darcy came so often to the Parsonage, it was more difficult to understand. It could not be for society, as he frequently sat there ten minutes together without opening his lips; and when he did speak, it seemed the effect of necessity rather than of choice-a sacrifice to propriety, not a pleasure to himself. He seldom appeared really animated. Mrs. Collins knew not what to make of him.
Colonel Fitzwilliam's occasionally laughing at his stupidity, proved that he was generally different, which her own knowledge of him could not have told her; and as she would liked to have believed this change the effect of love, and the object of that love her friend Eliza, she set herself seriously to work to find it out.
She watched him whenever they were at Rosings, and whenever he came to Hunsford; but without much success. He certainly looked at her friend a great deal, but the expression of that look was disputable. It was an earnest, steadfast gaze, but she often doubted whether there were much admiration in it, and sometimes it seemed nothing but absence of mind.
disputable - contestable
steadfast - inébranlable, déterminé
gaze - regard, fixer
absence of mind - une absence d'esprit
She had once or twice suggested to Elizabeth the possibility of his being partial to her, but Elizabeth always laughed at the idea; and Mrs.
Collins did not think it right to press the subject, from the danger of raising expectations which might only end in disappointment; for in her opinion it admitted not of a doubt, that all her friend's dislike would vanish, if she could suppose him to be in her power.
vanish - disparaître, s'évanouir, s'annuler
In her kind schemes for Elizabeth, she sometimes planned her marrying Colonel Fitzwilliam. He was beyond comparison the most pleasant man; he certainly admired her, and his situation in life was most eligible; but, to counterbalance these advantages, Mr. Darcy had considerable patronage in the church, and his cousin could have none at all.
most pleasant - le plus agréable
counterbalance - contrepoids, contrebalancer
More than once did Elizabeth, in her ramble within the park, unexpectedly meet Mr. Darcy. She felt all the perverseness of the mischance that should bring him where no one else was brought, and, to prevent its ever happening again, took care to inform him at first that it was a favourite haunt of hers. How it could occur a second time, therefore, was very odd! Yet it did, and even a third.
ramble - flâner, se balader, divaguer, radoter
mischance - malchance
haunt - hanter, demeurer, point de rencontre
It seemed like wilful ill-nature, or a voluntary penance, for on these occasions it was not merely a few formal inquiries and an awkward pause and then away, but he actually thought it necessary to turn back and walk with her.
penance - pénitence
He never said a great deal, nor did she give herself the trouble of talking or of listening much; but it struck her in the course of their third rencontre that he was asking some odd unconnected questions-about her pleasure in being at Hunsford, her love of solitary walks, and her opinion of Mr. and Mrs.
rencontre - rencontre
solitary - solitaire, seul, un a un
Collins's happiness; and that in speaking of Rosings and her not perfectly understanding the house, he seemed to expect that whenever she came into Kent again she would be staying there too. His words seemed to imply it. Could he have Colonel Fitzwilliam in his thoughts? She supposed, if he meant anything, he must mean an allusion to what might arise in that quarter.
imply - impliquer, insinuer, sous-entendre
It distressed her a little, and she was quite glad to find herself at the gate in the pales opposite the Parsonage.
pales - pales, pâle
She was engaged one day as she walked, in perusing Jane's last letter, and dwelling on some passages which proved that Jane had not written in spirits, when, instead of being again surprised by Mr. Darcy, she saw on looking up that Colonel Fitzwilliam was meeting her. Putting away the letter immediately and forcing a smile, she said:
perusing - en train de lire, examiner, jeter un coup d'oil, survoler
forcing - le forçage, force
"I did not know before that you ever walked this way."
"I have been making the tour of the park," he replied, "as I generally do every year, and intend to close it with a call at the Parsonage. Are you going much farther?"
"No, I should have turned in a moment."
And accordingly she did turn, and they walked towards the Parsonage together.
accordingly - en conséquence, conséquemment
"Do you certainly leave Kent on Saturday?" said she.
"Yes-if Darcy does not put it off again. But I am at his disposal. He arranges the business just as he pleases."
disposal - l'élimination, disposition, élimination
"And if not able to please himself in the arrangement, he has at least pleasure in the great power of choice. I do not know anybody who seems more to enjoy the power of doing what he likes than Mr. Darcy."
great power - grande puissance
"He likes to have his own way very well," replied Colonel Fitzwilliam. "But so we all do. It is only that he has better means of having it than many others, because he is rich, and many others are poor. I speak feelingly. A younger son, you know, must be inured to self-denial and dependence."
feelingly - sentimentalement
Inured - inhabitué, endurcir, aguerrir, habituer, prendre effet
"In my opinion, the younger son of an earl can know very little of either. Now seriously, what have you ever known of self-denial and dependence? When have you been prevented by want of money from going wherever you chose, or procuring anything you had a fancy for?"
earl - earl, comte
"These are home questions-and perhaps I cannot say that I have experienced many hardships of that nature. But in matters of greater weight, I may suffer from want of money. Younger sons cannot marry where they like."
hardships - difficultés, difficultés-p, misere
"Unless where they like women of fortune, which I think they very often do."
"Our habits of expense make us too dependent, and there are not many in my rank of life who can afford to marry without some attention to money."
afford - se permettre, offrir
"Is this," thought Elizabeth, "meant for me?" and she coloured at the idea; but, recovering herself, said in a lively tone, "And pray, what is the usual price of an earl's younger son? Unless the elder brother is very sickly, I suppose you would not ask above fifty thousand pounds."
He answered her in the same style, and the subject dropped. To interrupt a silence which might make him fancy her affected with what had passed, she soon afterwards said:
"I imagine your cousin brought you down with him chiefly for the sake of having someone at his disposal. I wonder he does not marry, to secure a lasting convenience of that kind. But, perhaps, his sister does as well for the present, and, as she is under his sole care, he may do what he likes with her."
sole - unique, seul, semelle, plante, sole
"No," said Colonel Fitzwilliam, "that is an advantage which he must divide with me. I am joined with him in the guardianship of Miss Darcy."
divide - diviser, fendre, partager, fossé
guardianship - la tutelle, tutelle
"Are you indeed? And pray what sort of guardians do you make? Does your charge give you much trouble? Young ladies of her age are sometimes a little difficult to manage, and if she has the true Darcy spirit, she may like to have her own way."
guardians - gardiens, gardien, tuteur, tutrice, curateur, curatrice
As she spoke she observed him looking at her earnestly; and the manner in which he immediately asked her why she supposed Miss Darcy likely to give them any uneasiness, convinced her that she had somehow or other got pretty near the truth. She directly replied:
"You need not be frightened. I never heard any harm of her; and I dare say she is one of the most tractable creatures in the world. She is a very great favourite with some ladies of my acquaintance, Mrs. Hurst and Miss Bingley. I think I have heard you say that you know them."
tractable - traçable, docile, conciliant, malléable
"I know them a little. Their brother is a pleasant gentlemanlike man-he is a great friend of Darcy's."
"Oh! yes," said Elizabeth drily; "Mr. Darcy is uncommonly kind to Mr. Bingley, and takes a prodigious deal of care of him."
drily - drily
prodigious - prodigieux
"Care of him! Yes, I really believe Darcy does take care of him in those points where he most wants care. From something that he told me in our journey hither, I have reason to think Bingley very much indebted to him. But I ought to beg his pardon, for I have no right to suppose that Bingley was the person meant. It was all conjecture."
hither - ici, ça
"What is it you mean?"
"It is a circumstance which Darcy could not wish to be generally known, because if it were to get round to the lady's family, it would be an unpleasant thing."
"You may depend upon my not mentioning it."
"And remember that I have not much reason for supposing it to be Bingley.
What he told me was merely this: that he congratulated himself on having lately saved a friend from the inconveniences of a most imprudent marriage, but without mentioning names or any other particulars, and I only suspected it to be Bingley from believing him the kind of young man to get into a scrape of that sort, and from knowing them to have been together the whole of last summer."
inconveniences - des inconvénients, dérangement, désagrément
most imprudent - le plus imprudent
scrape - gratter, racler, effleurer
"Did Mr. Darcy give you reasons for this interference?"
"I understood that there were some very strong objections against the lady."
objections - objections, objection
"And what arts did he use to separate them?"
"He did not talk to me of his own arts," said Fitzwilliam, smiling. "He only told me what I have now told you."
Elizabeth made no answer, and walked on, her heart swelling with indignation. After watching her a little, Fitzwilliam asked her why she was so thoughtful.
swelling - gonflement, (swell)
thoughtful - réfléchie, réfléchi, attentionné
"I am thinking of what you have been telling me," said she. "Your cousin's conduct does not suit my feelings. Why was he to be the judge?"
"You are rather disposed to call his interference officious?"
officious - officielle
"I do not see what right Mr. Darcy had to decide on the propriety of his friend's inclination, or why, upon his own judgement alone, he was to determine and direct in what manner his friend was to be happy. But," she continued, recollecting herself, "as we know none of the particulars, it is not fair to condemn him. It is not to be supposed that there was much affection in the case."
condemn - condamner, déclarer coupable
"That is not an unnatural surmise," said Fitzwilliam, "but it is a lessening of the honour of my cousin's triumph very sadly."
unnatural - contre nature
lessening - diminution, amoindrir, atténuer, diminuer, réduire
This was spoken jestingly; but it appeared to her so just a picture of Mr. Darcy, that she would not trust herself with an answer, and therefore, abruptly changing the conversation talked on indifferent matters until they reached the Parsonage. There, shut into her own room, as soon as their visitor left them, she could think without interruption of all that she had heard.
jestingly - en plaisantant
It was not to be supposed that any other people could be meant than those with whom she was connected. There could not exist in the world two men over whom Mr. Darcy could have such boundless influence. That he had been concerned in the measures taken to separate Bingley and Jane she had never doubted; but she had always attributed to Miss Bingley the principal design and arrangement of them.
boundless - sans limites, illimité
measures - mesures, mesure, mesurer
If his own vanity, however, did not mislead him, he was the cause, his pride and caprice were the cause, of all that Jane had suffered, and still continued to suffer. He had ruined for a while every hope of happiness for the most affectionate, generous heart in the world; and no one could say how lasting an evil he might have inflicted.
mislead - égarer, mésinformer, induire en erreur
ruined - ruiné, ruine, ruiner, abîmer, foutre en l'air
inflicted - infligé, infliger
"There were some very strong objections against the lady," were Colonel Fitzwilliam's words; and those strong objections probably were, her having one uncle who was a country attorney, and another who was in business in London.
"To Jane herself," she exclaimed, "there could be no possibility of objection; all loveliness and goodness as she is!-her understanding excellent, her mind improved, and her manners captivating. Neither could anything be urged against my father, who, though with some peculiarities, has abilities Mr. Darcy himself need not disdain, and respectability which he will probably never reach.
goodness - la bonté, bonté, bonté divine, corbleu, crebleu, jarnibleu
peculiarities - particularités, singularité, bizarrerie, étrangeté
" When she thought of her mother, her confidence gave way a little; but she would not allow that any objections there had material weight with Mr.
Darcy, whose pride, she was convinced, would receive a deeper wound from the want of importance in his friend's connections, than from their want of sense; and she was quite decided, at last, that he had been partly governed by this worst kind of pride, and partly by the wish of retaining Mr. Bingley for his sister.
wound - blessons, blessent, blessez, blessure, blesser
partly - en partie
governed - gouverné, gouverner
The agitation and tears which the subject occasioned, brought on a headache; and it grew so much worse towards the evening, that, added to her unwillingness to see Mr. Darcy, it determined her not to attend her cousins to Rosings, where they were engaged to drink tea. Mrs.
Tears - des larmes, larme
Collins, seeing that she was really unwell, did not press her to go and as much as possible prevented her husband from pressing her; but Mr. Collins could not conceal his apprehension of Lady Catherine's being rather displeased by her staying at home.
When they were gone, Elizabeth, as if intending to exasperate herself as much as possible against Mr. Darcy, chose for her employment the examination of all the letters which Jane had written to her since her being in Kent. They contained no actual complaint, nor was there any revival of past occurrences, or any communication of present suffering.
exasperate - exaspérer
complaint - plainte, réclamation, porter plainte
revival - renouveau, renaissance, résurrection, réveil
suffering - la souffrance, souffrance, douleur
But in all, and in almost every line of each, there was a want of that cheerfulness which had been used to characterise her style, and which, proceeding from the serenity of a mind at ease with itself and kindly disposed towards everyone, had been scarcely ever clouded.
characterise - caractériser
serenity - la sérénité, sérénité
Elizabeth noticed every sentence conveying the idea of uneasiness, with an attention which it had hardly received on the first perusal. Mr. Darcy's shameful boast of what misery he had been able to inflict, gave her a keener sense of her sister's sufferings.
conveying - transmettre, transporter, véhiculer, communiquer
perusal - la lecture, lecture
shameful - honteux, scandaleux
inflict - infliger
keener - plus fort, (keen) plus fort
sufferings - souffrances, souffrance, douleur
It was some consolation to think that his visit to Rosings was to end on the day after the next-and, a still greater, that in less than a fortnight she should herself be with Jane again, and enabled to contribute to the recovery of her spirits, by all that affection could do.
She could not think of Darcy's leaving Kent without remembering that his cousin was to go with him; but Colonel Fitzwilliam had made it clear that he had no intentions at all, and agreeable as he was, she did not mean to be unhappy about him.
While settling this point, she was suddenly roused by the sound of the door-bell, and her spirits were a little fluttered by the idea of its being Colonel Fitzwilliam himself, who had once before called late in the evening, and might now come to inquire particularly after her. But this idea was soon banished, and her spirits were very differently affected, when, to her utter amazement, she saw Mr.
fluttered - flotté, faséyer, voleter, voltiger, battement
banished - banni, bannir
Darcy walk into the room. In an hurried manner he immediately began an inquiry after her health, imputing his visit to a wish of hearing that she were better. She answered him with cold civility. He sat down for a few moments, and then getting up, walked about the room. Elizabeth was surprised, but said not a word.
imputing - l'imputation, imputer
After a silence of several minutes, he came towards her in an agitated manner, and thus began:
"In vain I have struggled. It will not do. My feelings will not be repressed. You must allow me to tell you how ardently I admire and love you."
repressed - réprimée, réprimer
ardently - généreuxse, véhément
Elizabeth's astonishment was beyond expression. She stared, coloured, doubted, and was silent. This he considered sufficient encouragement; and the avowal of all that he felt, and had long felt for her, immediately followed. He spoke well; but there were feelings besides those of the heart to be detailed; and he was not more eloquent on the subject of tenderness than of pride.
more eloquent - plus éloquent
His sense of her inferiority-of its being a degradation-of the family obstacles which had always opposed to inclination, were dwelt on with a warmth which seemed due to the consequence he was wounding, but was very unlikely to recommend his suit.
degradation - dégradation
obstacles - obstacles, obstacle
wounding - blessant, (wound) blessant
In spite of her deeply-rooted dislike, she could not be insensible to the compliment of such a man's affection, and though her intentions did not vary for an instant, she was at first sorry for the pain he was to receive; till, roused to resentment by his subsequent language, she lost all compassion in anger.
rooted - enraciné, racine
subsequent - ultérieures, subséquent, suivant, prochain
She tried, however, to compose herself to answer him with patience, when he should have done. He concluded with representing to her the strength of that attachment which, in spite of all his endeavours, he had found impossible to conquer; and with expressing his hope that it would now be rewarded by her acceptance of his hand.
compose - composer
representing - représentant, représenter
endeavours - des efforts, s'efforcer (de)
conquer - conquérir
As he said this, she could easily see that he had no doubt of a favourable answer. He spoke of apprehension and anxiety, but his countenance expressed real security. Such a circumstance could only exasperate farther, and, when he ceased, the colour rose into her cheeks, and she said:
cheeks - joues, joue, fesse, culot, toupet, potence de bringuebale
"In such cases as this, it is, I believe, the established mode to express a sense of obligation for the sentiments avowed, however unequally they may be returned. It is natural that obligation should be felt, and if I could feel gratitude, I would now thank you. But I cannot-I have never desired your good opinion, and you have certainly bestowed it most unwillingly.
obligation - obligation, engagement, checkobligation
avowed - avoué, avouer, confesser
I am sorry to have occasioned pain to anyone. It has been most unconsciously done, however, and I hope will be of short duration. The feelings which, you tell me, have long prevented the acknowledgment of your regard, can have little difficulty in overcoming it after this explanation."
duration - durée
Overcoming - surmonter, vaincre, envahir
Mr. Darcy, who was leaning against the mantelpiece with his eyes fixed on her face, seemed to catch her words with no less resentment than surprise. His complexion became pale with anger, and the disturbance of his mind was visible in every feature. He was struggling for the appearance of composure, and would not open his lips till he believed himself to have attained it.
leaning - penchant, adossant, (lean) penchant
disturbance - perturbation, trouble, tapage
visible - visible
struggling - en difficulté, luttant, (struggle), lutte, lutter, s'efforcer
attained - atteint, atteindre
The pause was to Elizabeth's feelings dreadful. At length, with a voice of forced calmness, he said:
"And this is all the reply which I am to have the honour of expecting! I might, perhaps, wish to be informed why, with so little endeavour at civility, I am thus rejected. But it is of small importance."
"I might as well inquire," replied she, "why with so evident a desire of offending and insulting me, you chose to tell me that you liked me against your will, against your reason, and even against your character? Was not this some excuse for incivility, if I was uncivil? But I have other provocations. You know I have.
insulting - insultant, insulter, insulte
provocations - provocations, provocation
Had not my feelings decided against you-had they been indifferent, or had they even been favourable, do you think that any consideration would tempt me to accept the man who has been the means of ruining, perhaps for ever, the happiness of a most beloved sister?"
ruining - la ruine, ruinant, (ruin), ruine, ruiner, abîmer
beloved - bien-aimé, chéri, amant, amante, (belove)
As she pronounced these words, Mr. Darcy changed colour; but the emotion was short, and he listened without attempting to interrupt her while she continued:
emotion - l'émotion, émotion
"I have every reason in the world to think ill of you. No motive can excuse the unjust and ungenerous part you acted there.
You dare not, you cannot deny, that you have been the principal, if not the only means of dividing them from each other-of exposing one to the censure of the world for caprice and instability, and the other to its derision for disappointed hopes, and involving them both in misery of the acutest kind."
dividing - diviser, divisant, répartissant, (divide), fendre
instability - l'instabilité, instabilité
acutest - acutest, aigu, aiguë
She paused, and saw with no slight indignation that he was listening with an air which proved him wholly unmoved by any feeling of remorse. He even looked at her with a smile of affected incredulity.
unmoved - indifférent, insensible
remorse - des remords, remords, componction
incredulity - l'incrédulité, incrédulité
"Can you deny that you have done it?" she repeated.
With assumed tranquillity he then replied: "I have no wish of denying that I did everything in my power to separate my friend from your sister, or that I rejoice in my success. Towards him I have been kinder than towards myself."
assumed - supposé, supposer, présupposer, présumer, assumer, adopter
denying - refusant, nier, démentir, refuser
Elizabeth disdained the appearance of noticing this civil reflection, but its meaning did not escape, nor was it likely to conciliate her.
disdained - dédaigné, dédain, mépris, dédaigner, mépriser
"But it is not merely this affair," she continued, "on which my dislike is founded. Long before it had taken place my opinion of you was decided. Your character was unfolded in the recital which I received many months ago from Mr. Wickham. On this subject, what can you have to say? In what imaginary act of friendship can you here defend yourself?
recital - récital, considérant
or under what misrepresentation can you here impose upon others?"
"You take an eager interest in that gentleman's concerns," said Darcy, in a less tranquil tone, and with a heightened colour.
"Who that knows what his misfortunes have been, can help feeling an interest in him?"
misfortunes - malheurs, malchance, mésaventure, malheur
"His misfortunes!" repeated Darcy contemptuously; "yes, his misfortunes have been great indeed."
contemptuously - avec mépris
"And of your infliction," cried Elizabeth with energy. "You have reduced him to his present state of poverty-comparative poverty. You have withheld the advantages which you must know to have been designed for him. You have deprived the best years of his life of that independence which was no less his due than his desert. You have done all this!
infliction - l'infliction
poverty - la pauvreté, pauvreté
and yet you can treat the mention of his misfortune with contempt and ridicule."
"And this," cried Darcy, as he walked with quick steps across the room, "is your opinion of me! This is the estimation in which you hold me! I thank you for explaining it so fully. My faults, according to this calculation, are heavy indeed!
calculation - calcul
But perhaps," added he, stopping in his walk, and turning towards her, "these offenses might have been overlooked, had not your pride been hurt by my honest confession of the scruples that had long prevented my forming any serious design.
honest - honnete, honnete, (hon) honnete
confession - confession
These bitter accusations might have been suppressed, had I, with greater policy, concealed my struggles, and flattered you into the belief of my being impelled by unqualified, unalloyed inclination; by reason, by reflection, by everything. But disguise of every sort is my abhorrence. Nor am I ashamed of the feelings I related. They were natural and just.
accusations - des accusations, accusation
policy - politique
concealed - dissimulée, dissimuler, cacher
impelled - poussé, motiver, inciter, pousser, propulser, éjecter
unalloyed - sans alliage
Could you expect me to rejoice in the inferiority of your connections?-to congratulate myself on the hope of relations, whose condition in life is so decidedly beneath my own?"
beneath - dessous
Elizabeth felt herself growing more angry every moment; yet she tried to the utmost to speak with composure when she said:
"You are mistaken, Mr. Darcy, if you suppose that the mode of your declaration affected me in any other way, than as it spared me the concern which I might have felt in refusing you, had you behaved in a more gentlemanlike manner."
spared - épargnée, se passer de
She saw him start at this, but he said nothing, and she continued:
"You could not have made the offer of your hand in any possible way that would have tempted me to accept it."
Again his astonishment was obvious; and he looked at her with an expression of mingled incredulity and mortification. She went on:
obvious - évidentes, évident
mingled - mélangés, mélanger
"From the very beginning-from the first moment, I may almost say-of my acquaintance with you, your manners, impressing me with the fullest belief of your arrogance, your conceit, and your selfish disdain of the feelings of others, were such as to form the groundwork of disapprobation on which succeeding events have built so immovable a dislike; and I had not known you a month before I felt that you were the last man in the world whom I could ever be prevailed on to marry."
impressing - impressionner
arrogance - l'arrogance, arrogance
groundwork - travail de fond, fondation, fondement
immovable - inamovible, immeuble
"You have said quite enough, madam. I perfectly comprehend your feelings, and have now only to be ashamed of what my own have been. Forgive me for having taken up so much of your time, and accept my best wishes for your health and happiness."
best wishes - meilleurs voux
And with these words he hastily left the room, and Elizabeth heard him the next moment open the front door and quit the house.
hastily - hâtivement, précipitamment, a la hâte
The tumult of her mind, was now painfully great. She knew not how to support herself, and from actual weakness sat down and cried for half-an-hour. Her astonishment, as she reflected on what had passed, was increased by every review of it. That she should receive an offer of marriage from Mr. Darcy! That he should have been in love with her for so many months!
painfully - douloureusement
reflected - réfléchie, refléter, réfléchir
So much in love as to wish to marry her in spite of all the objections which had made him prevent his friend's marrying her sister, and which must appear at least with equal force in his own case-was almost incredible! It was gratifying to have inspired unconsciously so strong an affection.
inspired - inspirée, inspirer
But his pride, his abominable pride-his shameless avowal of what he had done with respect to Jane-his unpardonable assurance in acknowledging, though he could not justify it, and the unfeeling manner in which he had mentioned Mr. Wickham, his cruelty towards whom he had not attempted to deny, soon overcame the pity which the consideration of his attachment had for a moment excited.
shameless - effronté, éhonté, sans scrupules, sans vergogne
unpardonable - impardonnable
acknowledging - reconnaître, accuser réception, certifier
She continued in very agitated reflections till the sound of Lady Catherine's carriage made her feel how unequal she was to encounter Charlotte's observation, and hurried her away to her room.
encounter - rencontrer, rencontre
Elizabeth awoke the next morning to the same thoughts and meditations which had at length closed her eyes. She could not yet recover from the surprise of what had happened; it was impossible to think of anything else; and, totally indisposed for employment, she resolved, soon after breakfast, to indulge herself in air and exercise.
awoke - s'est réveillé, (se) réveiller, (s')éveiller
meditations - méditations, méditation
recover - récupérer, captons, capter, recouvrent, recouvrer, recouvrons
indulge - se faire plaisir, céder, succomber, dorloter, gâter, choyer
She was proceeding directly to her favourite walk, when the recollection of Mr. Darcy's sometimes coming there stopped her, and instead of entering the park, she turned up the lane, which led farther from the turnpike-road. The park paling was still the boundary on one side, and she soon passed one of the gates into the ground.
turnpike - l'autoroute, route a péage
paling - paling, pieu, (pal) paling
After walking two or three times along that part of the lane, she was tempted, by the pleasantness of the morning, to stop at the gates and look into the park. The five weeks which she had now passed in Kent had made a great difference in the country, and every day was adding to the verdure of the early trees.
verdure - verdure, vigueur
She was on the point of continuing her walk, when she caught a glimpse of a gentleman within the sort of grove which edged the park; he was moving that way; and, fearful of its being Mr. Darcy, she was directly retreating. But the person who advanced was now near enough to see her, and stepping forward with eagerness, pronounced her name.
Glimpse - aperçu, entrevoir
retreating - se retirer, battre en retraite
stepping forward - qui s'avancent
She had turned away; but on hearing herself called, though in a voice which proved it to be Mr. Darcy, she moved again towards the gate. He had by that time reached it also, and, holding out a letter, which she instinctively took, said, with a look of haughty composure, "I have been walking in the grove some time in the hope of meeting you. Will you do me the honour of reading that letter?
" And then, with a slight bow, turned again into the plantation, and was soon out of sight.
plantation - plantation
With no expectation of pleasure, but with the strongest curiosity, Elizabeth opened the letter, and, to her still increasing wonder, perceived an envelope containing two sheets of letter-paper, written quite through, in a very close hand. The envelope itself was likewise full. Pursuing her way along the lane, she then began it.
pursuing - poursuivre, poursuivant, (pursue), rechercher
It was dated from Rosings, at eight o'clock in the morning, and was as follows:-
"Be not alarmed, madam, on receiving this letter, by the apprehension of its containing any repetition of those sentiments or renewal of those offers which were last night so disgusting to you.
disgusting - dégoutant, dégouter, dégout
I write without any intention of paining you, or humbling myself, by dwelling on wishes which, for the happiness of both, cannot be too soon forgotten; and the effort which the formation and the perusal of this letter must occasion, should have been spared, had not my character required it to be written and read.
humbling - l'humilité, (humble) l'humilité
soon forgotten - bientôt oublié
You must, therefore, pardon the freedom with which I demand your attention; your feelings, I know, will bestow it unwillingly, but I demand it of your justice.
"Two offenses of a very different nature, and by no means of equal magnitude, you last night laid to my charge. The first mentioned was, that, regardless of the sentiments of either, I had detached Mr. Bingley from your sister, and the other, that I had, in defiance of various claims, in defiance of honour and humanity, ruined the immediate prosperity and blasted the prospects of Mr. Wickham.
magnitude - ampleur, grandeur, module, magnitude
defiance - défiance, défi
blasted - blasté, souffle
Wilfully and wantonly to have thrown off the companion of my youth, the acknowledged favourite of my father, a young man who had scarcely any other dependence than on our patronage, and who had been brought up to expect its exertion, would be a depravity, to which the separation of two young persons, whose affection could be the growth of only a few weeks, could bear no comparison.
wantonly - a tort et a travers
growth - croissance
But from the severity of that blame which was last night so liberally bestowed, respecting each circumstance, I shall hope to be in the future secured, when the following account of my actions and their motives has been read. If, in the explanation of them, which is due to myself, I am under the necessity of relating feelings which may be offensive to yours, I can only say that I am sorry.
severity - la sévérité, sévérité, gravité
liberally - libéralement
respecting - respecter, respect
secured - sécurisé, sur, sécuriser
The necessity must be obeyed, and further apology would be absurd.
obeyed - obéi, obéir, obtempérer
"I had not been long in Hertfordshire, before I saw, in common with others, that Bingley preferred your elder sister to any other young woman in the country. But it was not till the evening of the dance at Netherfield that I had any apprehension of his feeling a serious attachment. I had often seen him in love before.
At that ball, while I had the honour of dancing with you, I was first made acquainted, by Sir William Lucas's accidental information, that Bingley's attentions to your sister had given rise to a general expectation of their marriage. He spoke of it as a certain event, of which the time alone could be undecided.
be undecided - etre indécis
From that moment I observed my friend's behaviour attentively; and I could then perceive that his partiality for Miss Bennet was beyond what I had ever witnessed in him. Your sister I also watched.
attentively - attentivement
Her look and manners were open, cheerful, and engaging as ever, but without any symptom of peculiar regard, and I remained convinced from the evening's scrutiny, that though she received his attentions with pleasure, she did not invite them by any participation of sentiment. If you have not been mistaken here, I must have been in error.
participation - participation
Your superior knowledge of your sister must make the latter probable. If it be so, if I have been misled by such error to inflict pain on her, your resentment has not been unreasonable.
misled - induit en erreur, égarer, mésinformer
But I shall not scruple to assert, that the serenity of your sister's countenance and air was such as might have given the most acute observer a conviction that, however amiable her temper, her heart was not likely to be easily touched.
most acute - le plus aigu
observer - observateur
That I was desirous of believing her indifferent is certain-but I will venture to say that my investigation and decisions are not usually influenced by my hopes or fears. I did not believe her to be indifferent because I wished it; I believed it on impartial conviction, as truly as I wished it in reason.
investigation - enquete, investigation
influenced - influencée, influence, influencer, influer
My objections to the marriage were not merely those which I last night acknowledged to have the utmost force of passion to put aside, in my own case; the want of connection could not be so great an evil to my friend as to me.
But there were other causes of repugnance; causes which, though still existing, and existing to an equal degree in both instances, I had myself endeavoured to forget, because they were not immediately before me. These causes must be stated, though briefly.
repugnance - répugnance
The situation of your mother's family, though objectionable, was nothing in comparison to that total want of propriety so frequently, so almost uniformly betrayed by herself, by your three younger sisters, and occasionally even by your father. Pardon me. It pains me to offend you.
betrayed - trahi, trahir, livrer
But amidst your concern for the defects of your nearest relations, and your displeasure at this representation of them, let it give you consolation to consider that, to have conducted yourselves so as to avoid any share of the like censure, is praise no less generally bestowed on you and your elder sister, than it is honourable to the sense and disposition of both.
conducted - conduite, comportement, se comporter, conduire, mener
I will only say farther that from what passed that evening, my opinion of all parties was confirmed, and every inducement heightened which could have led me before, to preserve my friend from what I esteemed a most unhappy connection. He left Netherfield for London, on the day following, as you, I am certain, remember, with the design of soon returning.
preserve - confiture, conserve, réserve naturelle, domaine réservé
"The part which I acted is now to be explained. His sisters'uneasiness had been equally excited with my own; our coincidence of feeling was soon discovered, and, alike sensible that no time was to be lost in detaching their brother, we shortly resolved on joining him directly in London.
coincidence - coincidence, coincidence
detaching - le détachement, détacher
We accordingly went-and there I readily engaged in the office of pointing out to my friend the certain evils of such a choice. I described, and enforced them earnestly.
enforced - appliqué, renforcer, intensifier, imposer, obliger
But, however this remonstrance might have staggered or delayed his determination, I do not suppose that it would ultimately have prevented the marriage, had it not been seconded by the assurance that I hesitated not in giving, of your sister's indifference. He had before believed her to return his affection with sincere, if not with equal regard.
staggered - en décalé, tituber
ultimately - en fin de compte
hesitated - hésité, hésiter
But Bingley has great natural modesty, with a stronger dependence on my judgement than on his own. To convince him, therefore, that he had deceived himself, was no very difficult point. To persuade him against returning into Hertfordshire, when that conviction had been given, was scarcely the work of a moment. I cannot blame myself for having done thus much.
There is but one part of my conduct in the whole affair on which I do not reflect with satisfaction; it is that I condescended to adopt the measures of art so far as to conceal from him your sister's being in town. I knew it myself, as it was known to Miss Bingley; but her brother is even yet ignorant of it.
That they might have met without ill consequence is perhaps probable; but his regard did not appear to me enough extinguished for him to see her without some danger. Perhaps this concealment, this disguise was beneath me; it is done, however, and it was done for the best. On this subject I have nothing more to say, no other apology to offer.
extinguished - éteinte, éteindre
concealment - dissimulation
If I have wounded your sister's feelings, it was unknowingly done and though the motives which governed me may to you very naturally appear insufficient, I have not yet learnt to condemn them.
unknowingly - sans le savoir
"With respect to that other, more weighty accusation, of having injured Mr. Wickham, I can only refute it by laying before you the whole of his connection with my family. Of what he has particularly accused me I am ignorant; but of the truth of what I shall relate, I can summon more than one witness of undoubted veracity.
weighty - lourd, important
accusation - accusation
refute - réfuter, rejeter, contester, chicaner, récuser
accused - accusé, accuser
summon - convoquer, appeler, convoquez, convoquons
witness - témoignage, témoin, preuve, témoigner
undoubted - incontestable
"Mr. Wickham is the son of a very respectable man, who had for many years the management of all the Pemberley estates, and whose good conduct in the discharge of his trust naturally inclined my father to be of service to him; and on George Wickham, who was his godson, his kindness was therefore liberally bestowed.
management - de gestion, administration, gestion, gérance, direction
discharge - décharge, licenciement, débit
My father supported him at school, and afterwards at Cambridge-most important assistance, as his own father, always poor from the extravagance of his wife, would have been unable to give him a gentleman's education.
Cambridge - cambridge, l'université de Cambridge
My father was not only fond of this young man's society, whose manners were always engaging; he had also the highest opinion of him, and hoping the church would be his profession, intended to provide for him in it. As for myself, it is many, many years since I first began to think of him in a very different manner.
The vicious propensities-the want of principle, which he was careful to guard from the knowledge of his best friend, could not escape the observation of a young man of nearly the same age with himself, and who had opportunities of seeing him in unguarded moments, which Mr. Darcy could not have. Here again I shall give you pain-to what degree you only can tell.
vicious - rench: t-needed r, vicieux
propensities - propensions, propension, tendance
But whatever may be the sentiments which Mr. Wickham has created, a suspicion of their nature shall not prevent me from unfolding his real character-it adds even another motive.
unfolding - en cours, (unfold), déplier, dérouler, checkdéplier
"My excellent father died about five years ago; and his attachment to Mr. Wickham was to the last so steady, that in his will he particularly recommended it to me, to promote his advancement in the best manner that his profession might allow-and if he took orders, desired that a valuable family living might be his as soon as it became vacant. There was also a legacy of one thousand pounds.
advancement - l'avancement, progres, avancement d'hoirie
legacy - l'héritage, héritage, legs, rench: t-needed r
His own father did not long survive mine, and within half a year from these events, Mr. Wickham wrote to inform me that, having finally resolved against taking orders, he hoped I should not think it unreasonable for him to expect some more immediate pecuniary advantage, in lieu of the preferment, by which he could not be benefited.
survive - survivre
pecuniary - monétaire, pécuniaire
lieu - lieu
He had some intention, he added, of studying law, and I must be aware that the interest of one thousand pounds would be a very insufficient support therein. I rather wished, than believed him to be sincere; but, at any rate, was perfectly ready to accede to his proposal. I knew that Mr.
Therein - dans
Wickham ought not to be a clergyman; the business was therefore soon settled-he resigned all claim to assistance in the church, were it possible that he could ever be in a situation to receive it, and accepted in return three thousand pounds. All connection between us seemed now dissolved. I thought too ill of him to invite him to Pemberley, or admit his society in town.
Dissolved - dissous, dissoudre
In town I believe he chiefly lived, but his studying the law was a mere pretence, and being now free from all restraint, his life was a life of idleness and dissipation. For about three years I heard little of him; but on the decease of the incumbent of the living which had been designed for him, he applied to me again by letter for the presentation.
pretence - prétention
idleness - l'oisiveté, oisiveté, inactivité, indolence, inutilité
dissipation - dissipation, débauche
His circumstances, he assured me, and I had no difficulty in believing it, were exceedingly bad.
He had found the law a most unprofitable study, and was now absolutely resolved on being ordained, if I would present him to the living in question-of which he trusted there could be little doubt, as he was well assured that I had no other person to provide for, and I could not have forgotten my revered father's intentions.
most unprofitable - Le moins rentable
revered - vénéré, idolâtrer
You will hardly blame me for refusing to comply with this entreaty, or for resisting every repetition to it. His resentment was in proportion to the distress of his circumstances-and he was doubtless as violent in his abuse of me to others as in his reproaches to myself. After this period every appearance of acquaintance was dropped. How he lived I know not.
resisting - résister, s'opposer, rejeter, dégouter
doubtless - sans doute, sans aucun doute, sans nul doute, indubitablement
reproaches - des reproches, reproche, opprobre, reprocher
But last summer he was again most painfully obtruded on my notice.
obtruded - obtrus, empiéter, transparaître
"I must now mention a circumstance which I would wish to forget myself, and which no obligation less than the present should induce me to unfold to any human being. Having said thus much, I feel no doubt of your secrecy. My sister, who is more than ten years my junior, was left to the guardianship of my mother's nephew, Colonel Fitzwilliam, and myself.
induce - induire
unfold - se déployer, déplier, dérouler, checkdéplier
junior - junior, jeune
About a year ago, she was taken from school, and an establishment formed for her in London; and last summer she went with the lady who presided over it, to Ramsgate; and thither also went Mr. Wickham, undoubtedly by design; for there proved to have been a prior acquaintance between him and Mrs.
presided - présidé, présider
Younge, in whose character we were most unhappily deceived; and by her connivance and aid, he so far recommended himself to Georgiana, whose affectionate heart retained a strong impression of his kindness to her as a child, that she was persuaded to believe herself in love, and to consent to an elopement.
connivance - connivence
aid - l'aide, aider, aide, assister, secourir
retained - retenue, retenir, conserver, maintenir
impression - impression
elopement - fugue, élopement, disparition
She was then but fifteen, which must be her excuse; and after stating her imprudence, I am happy to add, that I owed the knowledge of it to herself. I joined them unexpectedly a day or two before the intended elopement, and then Georgiana, unable to support the idea of grieving and offending a brother whom she almost looked up to as a father, acknowledged the whole to me.
grieving - le deuil, avoir du chagrin
You may imagine what I felt and how I acted. Regard for my sister's credit and feelings prevented any public exposure; but I wrote to Mr. Wickham, who left the place immediately, and Mrs. Younge was of course removed from her charge. Mr.
exposure - l'exposition, exposition
Wickham's chief object was unquestionably my sister's fortune, which is thirty thousand pounds; but I cannot help supposing that the hope of revenging himself on me was a strong inducement. His revenge would have been complete indeed.
unquestionably - incontestablement
revenging - vengeance, (revenge), revanche, venger
"This, madam, is a faithful narrative of every event in which we have been concerned together; and if you do not absolutely reject it as false, you will, I hope, acquit me henceforth of cruelty towards Mr. Wickham. I know not in what manner, under what form of falsehood he had imposed on you; but his success is not perhaps to be wondered at.
narrative - narratif, récit
Ignorant as you previously were of everything concerning either, detection could not be in your power, and suspicion certainly not in your inclination.
previously - autrefois, auparavant, antérieurement, précédemment
detection - détection
"You may possibly wonder why all this was not told you last night; but I was not then master enough of myself to know what could or ought to be revealed.
revealed - révélée, révéler, laisser voir
For the truth of everything here related, I can appeal more particularly to the testimony of Colonel Fitzwilliam, who, from our near relationship and constant intimacy, and, still more, as one of the executors of my father's will, has been unavoidably acquainted with every particular of these transactions.
testimony - témoignage
executors - les exécuteurs testamentaires, exécuteur, exécutrice
unavoidably - inévitablement
If your abhorrence of me should make my assertions valueless, you cannot be prevented by the same cause from confiding in my cousin; and that there may be the possibility of consulting him, I shall endeavour to find some opportunity of putting this letter in your hands in the course of the morning. I will only add, God bless you.
valueless - sans valeur
bless - bénir, bénis, bénissez, bénissent, bénissons
If Elizabeth, when Mr. Darcy gave her the letter, did not expect it to contain a renewal of his offers, she had formed no expectation at all of its contents. But such as they were, it may well be supposed how eagerly she went through them, and what a contrariety of emotion they excited. Her feelings as she read were scarcely to be defined.
contrariety - la contrariété
defined - défini, déterminer, définir
With amazement did she first understand that he believed any apology to be in his power; and steadfastly was she persuaded, that he could have no explanation to give, which a just sense of shame would not conceal. With a strong prejudice against everything he might say, she began his account of what had happened at Netherfield.
She read with an eagerness which hardly left her power of comprehension, and from impatience of knowing what the next sentence might bring, was incapable of attending to the sense of the one before her eyes.
comprehension - compréhension, entendement
His belief of her sister's insensibility she instantly resolved to be false; and his account of the real, the worst objections to the match, made her too angry to have any wish of doing him justice. He expressed no regret for what he had done which satisfied her; his style was not penitent, but haughty. It was all pride and insolence.
penitent - pénitent
insolence - insolence
But when this subject was succeeded by his account of Mr. Wickham-when she read with somewhat clearer attention a relation of events which, if true, must overthrow every cherished opinion of his worth, and which bore so alarming an affinity to his own history of himself-her feelings were yet more acutely painful and more difficult of definition.
overthrow - renverser
cherished - chérie, chérir, tenir
definition - définition
Astonishment, apprehension, and even horror, oppressed her. She wished to discredit it entirely, repeatedly exclaiming, "This must be false! This cannot be! This must be the grossest falsehood!
horror - l'horreur, horreur, effroi, dégout, aversion
oppressed - opprimés, opprimer, oppresser
discredit - discréditer, discrédit
grossest - le plus grossier, brut, dégoutant, dégueulasse, grossier
"-and when she had gone through the whole letter, though scarcely knowing anything of the last page or two, put it hastily away, protesting that she would not regard it, that she would never look in it again.
In this perturbed state of mind, with thoughts that could rest on nothing, she walked on; but it would not do; in half a minute the letter was unfolded again, and collecting herself as well as she could, she again began the mortifying perusal of all that related to Wickham, and commanded herself so far as to examine the meaning of every sentence.
perturbed - perturbé, perturber, troubler
The account of his connection with the Pemberley family was exactly what he had related himself; and the kindness of the late Mr. Darcy, though she had not before known its extent, agreed equally well with his own words. So far each recital confirmed the other; but when she came to the will, the difference was great.
What Wickham had said of the living was fresh in her memory, and as she recalled his very words, it was impossible not to feel that there was gross duplicity on one side or the other; and, for a few moments, she flattered herself that her wishes did not err.
recalled - rappelée, rappeler, souvenir
Gross - brut, dégoutant, dégueulasse, grossier, grossiere, grosse
err - err, errons, errez, errent
But when she read and re-read with the closest attention, the particulars immediately following of Wickham's resigning all pretensions to the living, of his receiving in lieu so considerable a sum as three thousand pounds, again was she forced to hesitate.
resigning - démissionner
sum - somme
She put down the letter, weighed every circumstance with what she meant to be impartiality-deliberated on the probability of each statement-but with little success. On both sides it was only assertion. Again she read on; but every line proved more clearly that the affair, which she had believed it impossible that any contrivance could so represent as to render Mr.
weighed - pesée, peser, lever l’ancre
impartiality - l'impartialité, impartialité
deliberated - délibéré, concerté, délibérer
Darcy's conduct in it less than infamous, was capable of a turn which must make him entirely blameless throughout the whole.
infamous - infâme
blameless - irréprochable
The extravagance and general profligacy which he scrupled not to lay at Mr. Wickham's charge, exceedingly shocked her; the more so, as she could bring no proof of its injustice. She had never heard of him before his entrance into the --shire Militia, in which he had engaged at the persuasion of the young man who, on meeting him accidentally in town, had there renewed a slight acquaintance.
scrupled - scrupuleux, scrupule
Of his former way of life nothing had been known in Hertfordshire but what he told himself. As to his real character, had information been in her power, she had never felt a wish of inquiring. His countenance, voice, and manner had established him at once in the possession of every virtue.
inquiring - en quete de renseignements, enqueter, renseigner
She tried to recollect some instance of goodness, some distinguished trait of integrity or benevolence, that might rescue him from the attacks of Mr. Darcy; or at least, by the predominance of virtue, atone for those casual errors under which she would endeavour to class what Mr. Darcy had described as the idleness and vice of many years'continuance. But no such recollection befriended her.
trait - trait
rescue - secours, délivrer, secourir, sauver, checksauver, sauvetage
predominance - prédominance
atone - expier
casual - fortuit, accidentel, de hasard, occasionnel, désinvolte, sport
vice - vice, vertu
befriended - se lier d'amitié
She could see him instantly before her, in every charm of air and address; but she could remember no more substantial good than the general approbation of the neighbourhood, and the regard which his social powers had gained him in the mess. After pausing on this point a considerable while, she once more continued to read. But, alas!
substantial - substantielle, substantiel
mess - le désordre, purée, fouillis, bouillie
pausing - une pause, (pause), pauser, pause
Alas - hélas, hélas!, (ala) hélas
the story which followed, of his designs on Miss Darcy, received some confirmation from what had passed between Colonel Fitzwilliam and herself only the morning before; and at last she was referred for the truth of every particular to Colonel Fitzwilliam himself-from whom she had previously received the information of his near concern in all his cousin's affairs, and whose character she had no reason to question. At one time she had almost resolved on applying to him, but the idea was checked by the awkwardness of the application, and at length wholly banished by the conviction that Mr. Darcy would never have hazarded such a proposal, if he had not been well assured of his cousin's corroboration.
awkwardness - maladresse
hazarded - en danger, hasard, danger, tenter, hasarder
corroboration - corroboration
She perfectly remembered everything that had passed in conversation between Wickham and herself, in their first evening at Mr. Phillips's. Many of his expressions were still fresh in her memory. She was now struck with the impropriety of such communications to a stranger, and wondered it had escaped her before.
communications - des communications, communication
She saw the indelicacy of putting himself forward as he had done, and the inconsistency of his professions with his conduct. She remembered that he had boasted of having no fear of seeing Mr. Darcy-that Mr. Darcy might leave the country, but that he should stand his ground; yet he had avoided the Netherfield ball the very next week.
She remembered also that, till the Netherfield family had quitted the country, he had told his story to no one but herself; but that after their removal it had been everywhere discussed; that he had then no reserves, no scruples in sinking Mr. Darcy's character, though he had assured her that respect for the father would always prevent his exposing the son.
How differently did everything now appear in which he was concerned! His attentions to Miss King were now the consequence of views solely and hatefully mercenary; and the mediocrity of her fortune proved no longer the moderation of his wishes, but his eagerness to grasp at anything.
hatefully - avec haine
mediocrity - la médiocrité, médiocrité
moderation - modération
grasp - saisir, agripper, comprendre
His behaviour to herself could now have had no tolerable motive; he had either been deceived with regard to her fortune, or had been gratifying his vanity by encouraging the preference which she believed she had most incautiously shown. Every lingering struggle in his favour grew fainter and fainter; and in farther justification of Mr. Darcy, she could not but allow that Mr.
incautiously - de maniere imprudente
Lingering - s'attarder, qui s'attardent, (linger), s'installer, stagner
Struggle - lutte, lutter, s'efforcer, combattre
fainter - plus faible, (faint) plus faible
justification - justification
Bingley, when questioned by Jane, had long ago asserted his blamelessness in the affair; that proud and repulsive as were his manners, she had never, in the whole course of their acquaintance-an acquaintance which had latterly brought them much together, and given her a sort of intimacy with his ways-seen anything that betrayed him to be unprincipled or unjust-anything that spoke him of irreligious or immoral habits; that among his own connections he was esteemed and valued-that even Wickham had allowed him merit as a brother, and that she had often heard him speak so affectionately of his sister as to prove him capable of some amiable feeling; that had his actions been what Mr. Wickham represented them, so gross a violation of everything right could hardly have been concealed from the world; and that friendship between a person capable of it, and such an amiable man as Mr. Bingley, was incomprehensible.
asserted - affirmée, affirmer, attester, asseoir
blamelessness - l'irréprochabilité
repulsive - répugnant
latterly - dernierement
unprincipled - sans principes
irreligious - irréligieux
immoral - immoral
violation - violation, infraction
incomprehensible - incompréhensible
She grew absolutely ashamed of herself. Of neither Darcy nor Wickham could she think without feeling she had been blind, partial, prejudiced, absurd.
prejudiced - des préjugés, préjugé, idée préconçue, préjudice
"How despicably I have acted!" she cried; "I, who have prided myself on my discernment! I, who have valued myself on my abilities! who have often disdained the generous candour of my sister, and gratified my vanity in useless or blameable mistrust! How humiliating is this discovery! Yet, how just a humiliation! Had I been in love, I could not have been more wretchedly blind!
despicably - avec mépris
prided - fierté, orgueil
blameable - blâmable
mistrust - méfiance, défiance
humiliation - l'humiliation, humiliation
wretchedly - misérablement
But vanity, not love, has been my folly. Pleased with the preference of one, and offended by the neglect of the other, on the very beginning of our acquaintance, I have courted prepossession and ignorance, and driven reason away, where either were concerned. Till this moment I never knew myself."
courted - courtisé, cour, tribunal
From herself to Jane-from Jane to Bingley, her thoughts were in a line which soon brought to her recollection that Mr. Darcy's explanation there had appeared very insufficient, and she read it again. Widely different was the effect of a second perusal. How could she deny that credit to his assertions in one instance, which she had been obliged to give in the other?
widely - largement, généralement, fréquemment, communément
He declared himself to be totally unsuspicious of her sister's attachment; and she could not help remembering what Charlotte's opinion had always been. Neither could she deny the justice of his description of Jane. She felt that Jane's feelings, though fervent, were little displayed, and that there was a constant complacency in her air and manner not often united with great sensibility.
unsuspicious - suspect
fervent - fervent
displayed - affichée, représentation, spectacle, moniteur, écran
When she came to that part of the letter in which her family were mentioned in terms of such mortifying, yet merited reproach, her sense of shame was severe.
merited - mérité, mérite, mériter
The justice of the charge struck her too forcibly for denial, and the circumstances to which he particularly alluded as having passed at the Netherfield ball, and as confirming all his first disapprobation, could not have made a stronger impression on his mind than on hers.
The compliment to herself and her sister was not unfelt.
unfelt - non ressentie
It soothed, but it could not console her for the contempt which had thus been self-attracted by the rest of her family; and as she considered that Jane's disappointment had in fact been the work of her nearest relations, and reflected how materially the credit of both must be hurt by such impropriety of conduct, she felt depressed beyond anything she had ever known before.
soothed - apaisé, apaiser, calmer, soulager
depressed - déprimé, appuyer
After wandering along the lane for two hours, giving way to every variety of thought-re-considering events, determining probabilities, and reconciling herself, as well as she could, to a change so sudden and so important, fatigue, and a recollection of her long absence, made her at length return home; and she entered the house with the wish of appearing cheerful as usual, and the resolution of repressing such reflections as must make her unfit for conversation.
giving way - céder le passage
probabilities - des probabilités, probabilité
reconciling - réconciliation, réconcilier, concilier
repressing - la répression, réprimer
unfit - inapte, incapable, impropre, rench: t-needed r
She was immediately told that the two gentlemen from Rosings had each called during her absence; Mr. Darcy, only for a few minutes, to take leave-but that Colonel Fitzwilliam had been sitting with them at least an hour, hoping for her return, and almost resolving to walk after her till she could be found. Elizabeth could but just affect concern in missing him; she really rejoiced at it.
Colonel Fitzwilliam was no longer an object; she could think only of her letter.
The two gentlemen left Rosings the next morning, and Mr. Collins having been in waiting near the lodges, to make them his parting obeisance, was able to bring home the pleasing intelligence, of their appearing in very good health, and in as tolerable spirits as could be expected, after the melancholy scene so lately gone through at Rosings.
To Rosings he then hastened, to console Lady Catherine and her daughter; and on his return brought back, with great satisfaction, a message from her ladyship, importing that she felt herself so dull as to make her very desirous of having them all to dine with her.
hastened - s'est hâté, dépecher
importing - l'importation, importer
dull - émoussé, ennuyeux, barbant, mat, terne, sot, obtus
Elizabeth could not see Lady Catherine without recollecting that, had she chosen it, she might by this time have been presented to her as her future niece; nor could she think, without a smile, of what her ladyship's indignation would have been. "What would she have said? how would she have behaved?" were questions with which she amused herself.
Their first subject was the diminution of the Rosings party. "I assure you, I feel it exceedingly," said Lady Catherine; "I believe no one feels the loss of friends so much as I do. But I am particularly attached to these young men, and know them to be so much attached to me! They were excessively sorry to go! But so they always are.
The dear Colonel rallied his spirits tolerably till just at last; but Darcy seemed to feel it most acutely, more, I think, than last year. His attachment to Rosings certainly increases."
Mr. Collins had a compliment, and an allusion to throw in here, which were kindly smiled on by the mother and daughter.
Lady Catherine observed, after dinner, that Miss Bennet seemed out of spirits, and immediately accounting for it by herself, by supposing that she did not like to go home again so soon, she added:
accounting - la comptabilité, comptabilité, (account) la comptabilité
"But if that is the case, you must write to your mother and beg that you may stay a little longer. Mrs. Collins will be very glad of your company, I am sure."
"I am much obliged to your ladyship for your kind invitation," replied Elizabeth, "but it is not in my power to accept it. I must be in town next Saturday."
"Why, at that rate, you will have been here only six weeks. I expected you to stay two months. I told Mrs. Collins so before you came. There can be no occasion for your going so soon. Mrs. Bennet could certainly spare you for another fortnight."
"But my father cannot. He wrote last week to hurry my return."
"Oh! your father of course may spare you, if your mother can. Daughters are never of so much consequence to a father.
And if you will stay another month complete, it will be in my power to take one of you as far as London, for I am going there early in June, for a week; and as Dawson does not object to the barouche-box, there will be very good room for one of you-and indeed, if the weather should happen to be cool, I should not object to taking you both, as you are neither of you large."
barouche - barouche
"You are all kindness, madam; but I believe we must abide by our original plan."
abide - se maintenir, endurer, tolérer, supporter, souffrir, rester
Lady Catherine seemed resigned. "Mrs. Collins, you must send a servant with them. You know I always speak my mind, and I cannot bear the idea of two young women travelling post by themselves. It is highly improper. You must contrive to send somebody. I have the greatest dislike in the world to that sort of thing.
improper - inapproprié
Young women should always be properly guarded and attended, according to their situation in life. When my niece Georgiana went to Ramsgate last summer, I made a point of her having two men-servants go with her. Miss Darcy, the daughter of Mr. Darcy, of Pemberley, and Lady Anne, could not have appeared with propriety in a different manner. I am excessively attentive to all those things.
men-servants - (men-servants) Serviteurs
You must send John with the young ladies, Mrs. Collins. I am glad it occurred to me to mention it; for it would really be discreditable to you to let them go alone."
discreditable - discréditable
"My uncle is to send a servant for us."
"Oh! Your uncle! He keeps a man-servant, does he? I am very glad you have somebody who thinks of these things. Where shall you change horses? Oh! Bromley, of course. If you mention my name at the Bell, you will be attended to."
Lady Catherine had many other questions to ask respecting their journey, and as she did not answer them all herself, attention was necessary, which Elizabeth believed to be lucky for her; or, with a mind so occupied, she might have forgotten where she was.
be lucky - etre chanceux
Reflection must be reserved for solitary hours; whenever she was alone, she gave way to it as the greatest relief; and not a day went by without a solitary walk, in which she might indulge in all the delight of unpleasant recollections.
be reserved - etre réservé
indulge in - se faire plaisir
Mr. Darcy's letter she was in a fair way of soon knowing by heart. She studied every sentence; and her feelings towards its writer were at times widely different.
by heart - par cour
When she remembered the style of his address, she was still full of indignation; but when she considered how unjustly she had condemned and upbraided him, her anger was turned against herself; and his disappointed feelings became the object of compassion.
unjustly - injustement
upbraided - harcelé, gronder, reprendre, reprocher, réprimander, sermonner
His attachment excited gratitude, his general character respect; but she could not approve him; nor could she for a moment repent her refusal, or feel the slightest inclination ever to see him again. In her own past behaviour, there was a constant source of vexation and regret; and in the unhappy defects of her family, a subject of yet heavier chagrin. They were hopeless of remedy.
repent - se repentir, repentir, repentez, repentons, repentent
slightest - le moins du monde, insignifiant, léger
chagrin - chagrin
remedy - remede, remede, recours, remédier
Her father, contented with laughing at them, would never exert himself to restrain the wild giddiness of his youngest daughters; and her mother, with manners so far from right herself, was entirely insensible of the evil.
contented with - etre satisfait de
exert - exercer
restrain - retenir, contraignez, contraignons, gouverner, contrains
giddiness - des vertiges
Elizabeth had frequently united with Jane in an endeavour to check the imprudence of Catherine and Lydia; but while they were supported by their mother's indulgence, what chance could there be of improvement?
Catherine, weak-spirited, irritable, and completely under Lydia's guidance, had been always affronted by their advice; and Lydia, self-willed and careless, would scarcely give them a hearing. They were ignorant, idle, and vain. While there was an officer in Meryton, they would flirt with him; and while Meryton was within a walk of Longbourn, they would be going there forever.
spirited - fougueux, esprit, moral, élan
irritable - irritable
affronted - offensée, défier, jeter le gant, envoyer un cartel
careless - négligent, étourdi, distrait
flirt with - flirter avec
Anxiety on Jane's behalf was another prevailing concern; and Mr. Darcy's explanation, by restoring Bingley to all her former good opinion, heightened the sense of what Jane had lost. His affection was proved to have been sincere, and his conduct cleared of all blame, unless any could attach to the implicitness of his confidence in his friend.
prevailing - prévalant, dominer, prévaloir, l'emporter, prédominer
restoring - la restauration, restaurer, rétablir, rendre
How grievous then was the thought that, of a situation so desirable in every respect, so replete with advantage, so promising for happiness, Jane had been deprived, by the folly and indecorum of her own family!
indecorum - indecorum
When to these recollections was added the development of Wickham's character, it may be easily believed that the happy spirits which had seldom been depressed before, were now so much affected as to make it almost impossible for her to appear tolerably cheerful.
development - développement
Their engagements at Rosings were as frequent during the last week of her stay as they had been at first.
The very last evening was spent there; and her ladyship again inquired minutely into the particulars of their journey, gave them directions as to the best method of packing, and was so urgent on the necessity of placing gowns in the only right way, that Maria thought herself obliged, on her return, to undo all the work of the morning, and pack her trunk afresh.
urgent - urgent
gowns - robes, robe, toge (general term, especially Roman Antiquity)
trunk - tronc, malle, coffre, trompe, coffre (de voiture), valise
afresh - nouveau, a nouveau
When they parted, Lady Catherine, with great condescension, wished them a good journey, and invited them to come to Hunsford again next year; and Miss de Bourgh exerted herself so far as to curtsey and hold out her hand to both.
exerted herself - s'est exercée
curtsey - une révérence, révérence, faire la révérence, révérencier
On Saturday morning Elizabeth and Mr. Collins met for breakfast a few minutes before the others appeared; and he took the opportunity of paying the parting civilities which he deemed indispensably necessary.
deemed - jugée, estimer, croire, considérer
indispensably - indispensable
"I know not, Miss Elizabeth," said he, "whether Mrs. Collins has yet expressed her sense of your kindness in coming to us; but I am very certain you will not leave the house without receiving her thanks for it. The favour of your company has been much felt, I assure you. We know how little there is to tempt anyone to our humble abode.
Our plain manner of living, our small rooms and few domestics, and the little we see of the world, must make Hunsford extremely dull to a young lady like yourself; but I hope you will believe us grateful for the condescension, and that we have done everything in our power to prevent your spending your time unpleasantly."
small rooms - des petites pieces
domestics - domestiques, domestique, qualifieramily
unpleasantly - désagréable
Elizabeth was eager with her thanks and assurances of happiness. She had spent six weeks with great enjoyment; and the pleasure of being with Charlotte, and the kind attentions she had received, must make her feel the obliged. Mr. Collins was gratified, and with a more smiling solemnity replied:
"It gives me great pleasure to hear that you have passed your time not disagreeably. We have certainly done our best; and most fortunately having it in our power to introduce you to very superior society, and, from our connection with Rosings, the frequent means of varying the humble home scene, I think we may flatter ourselves that your Hunsford visit cannot have been entirely irksome.
disagreeably - désagréable
Our situation with regard to Lady Catherine's family is indeed the sort of extraordinary advantage and blessing which few can boast. You see on what a footing we are. You see how continually we are engaged there.
In truth I must acknowledge that, with all the disadvantages of this humble parsonage, I should not think anyone abiding in it an object of compassion, while they are sharers of our intimacy at Rosings."
disadvantages - les inconvénients, désavantage
abiding - en vie, (abide), endurer, tolérer, supporter, souffrir, rester
Words were insufficient for the elevation of his feelings; and he was obliged to walk about the room, while Elizabeth tried to unite civility and truth in a few short sentences.
elevation - l'élévation, élévation
"You may, in fact, carry a very favourable report of us into Hertfordshire, my dear cousin. I flatter myself at least that you will be able to do so. Lady Catherine's great attentions to Mrs. Collins you have been a daily witness of; and altogether I trust it does not appear that your friend has drawn an unfortunate-but on this point it will be as well to be silent.
unfortunate - malheureux, infortuné, malencontreux
Only let me assure you, my dear Miss Elizabeth, that I can from my heart most cordially wish you equal felicity in marriage. My dear Charlotte and I have but one mind and one way of thinking. There is in everything a most remarkable resemblance of character and ideas between us. We seem to have been designed for each other."
Elizabeth could safely say that it was a great happiness where that was the case, and with equal sincerity could add, that she firmly believed and rejoiced in his domestic comforts. She was not sorry, however, to have the recital of them interrupted by the lady from whom they sprang. Poor Charlotte! it was melancholy to leave her to such society!
But she had chosen it with her eyes open; and though evidently regretting that her visitors were to go, she did not seem to ask for compassion. Her home and her housekeeping, her parish and her poultry, and all their dependent concerns, had not yet lost their charms.
regretting - regretter, regret
At length the chaise arrived, the trunks were fastened on, the parcels placed within, and it was pronounced to be ready. After an affectionate parting between the friends, Elizabeth was attended to the carriage by Mr.
trunks - troncs d'arbre, tronc, malle, coffre, trompe
fastened - fixé, attacher, fixer
parcels - colis, paquet, parcelle, empaqueter, emballer, envelopper
Collins, and as they walked down the garden he was commissioning her with his best respects to all her family, not forgetting his thanks for the kindness he had received at Longbourn in the winter, and his compliments to Mr. and Mrs. Gardiner, though unknown.
commissioning - la mise en service, commission, fr
He then handed her in, Maria followed, and the door was on the point of being closed, when he suddenly reminded them, with some consternation, that they had hitherto forgotten to leave any message for the ladies at Rosings.
consternation - consternation, sidération, accablement, prostration
"But," he added, "you will of course wish to have your humble respects delivered to them, with your grateful thanks for their kindness to you while you have been here."
Elizabeth made no objection; the door was then allowed to be shut, and the carriage drove off.
"good gracious!" cried Maria, after a few minutes'silence, "it seems but a day or two since we first came! and yet how many things have happened!"
good gracious - bon dieu
"A great many indeed," said her companion with a sigh.
"We have dined nine times at Rosings, besides drinking tea there twice! How much I shall have to tell!"
Elizabeth added privately, "And how much I shall have to conceal!"
privately - en privé
Their journey was performed without much conversation, or any alarm; and within four hours of their leaving Hunsford they reached Mr. Gardiner's house, where they were to remain a few days.
Jane looked well, and Elizabeth had little opportunity of studying her spirits, amidst the various engagements which the kindness of her aunt had reserved for them. But Jane was to go home with her, and at Longbourn there would be leisure enough for observation.
It was not without an effort, meanwhile, that she could wait even for Longbourn, before she told her sister of Mr. Darcy's proposals.
To know that she had the power of revealing what would so exceedingly astonish Jane, and must, at the same time, so highly gratify whatever of her own vanity she had not yet been able to reason away, was such a temptation to openness as nothing could have conquered but the state of indecision in which she remained as to the extent of what she should communicate; and her fear, if she once entered on the subject, of being hurried into repeating something of Bingley which might only grieve her sister further.
conquered - conquis, conquérir
indecision - l'indécision, indécision, irrésolution
grieve - faire son deuil, chagriner, affliger, affligeons, affligent
It was the second week in May, in which the three young ladies set out together from Gracechurch Street for the town of --, in Hertfordshire; and, as they drew near the appointed inn where Mr. Bennet's carriage was to meet them, they quickly perceived, in token of the coachman's punctuality, both Kitty and Lydia looking out of a dining-room up stairs.
appointed - nommés, fixer, gloss
Inn - l'auberge, auberge
token - de jeton, symbole, jeton, symbolique
coachman - cocher
punctuality - la ponctualité, ponctualité
These two girls had been above an hour in the place, happily employed in visiting an opposite milliner, watching the sentinel on guard, and dressing a salad and cucumber.
sentinel - factionnaire, sentinelle, regarder
cucumber - concombre
After welcoming their sisters, they triumphantly displayed a table set out with such cold meat as an inn larder usually affords, exclaiming, "Is not this nice? Is not this an agreeable surprise?"
table set - set de table
cold meat - de la viande froide
larder - garde-manger, cellier
affords - permet, permettre
"And we mean to treat you all," added Lydia, "but you must lend us the money, for we have just spent ours at the shop out there." Then, showing her purchases-"look here, I have bought this bonnet. I do not think it is very pretty; but I thought I might as well buy it as not. I shall pull it to pieces as soon as I get home, and see if I can make it up any better."
purchases - achats, achat, acquisition, acheter
look here - regarder ici
And when her sisters abused it as ugly, she added, with perfect unconcern, "Oh! but there were two or three much uglier in the shop; and when I have bought some prettier-coloured satin to trim it with fresh, I think it will be very tolerable. Besides, it will not much signify what one wears this summer, after the --shire have left Meryton, and they are going in a fortnight."
abused - abusé, abuser (de)
ugly - laid, moche, vilain
uglier - plus laide, ugli
satin - satin, satiné
trim - de l'habillage, tailler, compenser, compensation
signify - signifier
"Are they indeed!" cried Elizabeth, with the greatest satisfaction.
"They are going to be encamped near Brighton; and I do so want papa to take us all there for the summer! It would be such a delicious scheme; and I dare say would hardly cost anything at all. Mamma would like to go too of all things! Only think what a miserable summer else we shall have!"
papa - papa
"Yes," thought Elizabeth, "that would be a delightful scheme indeed, and completely do for us at once. Good Heaven! Brighton, and a whole campful of soldiers, to us, who have been overset already by one poor regiment of militia, and the monthly balls of Meryton!"
campful - campful
overset - surdimensionné
monthly - mensuel, mensuellement
"Now I have got some news for you," said Lydia, as they sat down at table. "What do you think? It is excellent news-capital news-and about a certain person we all like!"
Jane and Elizabeth looked at each other, and the waiter was told he need not stay. Lydia laughed, and said:
"Aye, that is just like your formality and discretion. You thought the waiter must not hear, as if he cared! I dare say he often hears worse things said than I am going to say. But he is an ugly fellow! I am glad he is gone. I never saw such a long chin in my life. Well, but now for my news; it is about dear Wickham; too good for the waiter, is it not?
chin - menton
There is no danger of Wickham's marrying Mary King. There's for you! She is gone down to her uncle at Liverpool: gone to stay. Wickham is safe."
Liverpool - liverpool
"And Mary King is safe!" added Elizabeth; "safe from a connection imprudent as to fortune."
"She is a great fool for going away, if she liked him."
fool - idiot, dinde, fou, bouffon, mat, duper, tromper
"But I hope there is no strong attachment on either side," said Jane.
"I am sure there is not on his. I will answer for it, he never cared three straws about her-who could about such a nasty little freckled thing?"
straws - pailles, paille, fétu, jaune paille
freckled - des taches de rousseur, tache de rousseur
Elizabeth was shocked to think that, however incapable of such coarseness of expression herself, the coarseness of the sentiment was little other than her own breast had harboured and fancied liberal!
coarseness - crudité
harboured - hébergé, port
As soon as all had ate, and the elder ones paid, the carriage was ordered; and after some contrivance, the whole party, with all their boxes, work-bags, and parcels, and the unwelcome addition of Kitty's and Lydia's purchases, were seated in it.
"How nicely we are all crammed in," cried Lydia. "I am glad I bought my bonnet, if it is only for the fun of having another bandbox! Well, now let us be quite comfortable and snug, and talk and laugh all the way home. And in the first place, let us hear what has happened to you all since you went away. Have you seen any pleasant men? Have you had any flirting?
nicely - joliment, agréablement
crammed - entassés, bourrer, ficher, foutre, emmancher, fourrer, gaver
bandbox - boîte a musique
snug - serré, confortable, douillet
flirting - flirt, (flirt), draguer, flirter
I was in great hopes that one of you would have got a husband before you came back. Jane will be quite an old maid soon, I declare. She is almost three-and-twenty! Lord, how ashamed I should be of not being married before three-and-twenty! My aunt Phillips wants you so to get husbands, you can't think. She says Lizzy had better have taken Mr.
maid - femme de ménage, demoiselle, jeune fille, bonne
Collins; but I do not think there would have been any fun in it. Lord! how I should like to be married before any of you; and then I would chaperon you about to all the balls. Dear me! we had such a good piece of fun the other day at Colonel Forster's. Kitty and me were to spend the day there, and Mrs. Forster promised to have a little dance in the evening; (by the bye, Mrs.
Dear me - Cher moi
Forster and me are such friends!) and so she asked the two Harringtons to come, but Harriet was ill, and so Pen was forced to come by herself; and then, what do you think we did? We dressed up Chamberlayne in woman's clothes on purpose to pass for a lady, only think what fun! Not a soul knew of it, but Colonel and Mrs.
pass for - passe pour
Forster, and Kitty and me, except my aunt, for we were forced to borrow one of her gowns; and you cannot imagine how well he looked! When Denny, and Wickham, and Pratt, and two or three more of the men came in, they did not know him in the least. Lord! how I laughed! and so did Mrs. Forster. I thought I should have died.
And that made the men suspect something, and then they soon found out what was the matter."
With such kinds of histories of their parties and good jokes, did Lydia, assisted by Kitty's hints and additions, endeavour to amuse her companions all the way to Longbourn. Elizabeth listened as little as she could, but there was no escaping the frequent mention of Wickham's name.
additions - des ajouts, addition, ajout
escaping - s'échapper, échapper, éviter, tirer
Their reception at home was most kind. Mrs. Bennet rejoiced to see Jane in undiminished beauty; and more than once during dinner did Mr. Bennet say voluntarily to Elizabeth:
undiminished - sans diminution
"I am glad you are come back, Lizzy."
Their party in the dining-room was large, for almost all the Lucases came to meet Maria and hear the news; and various were the subjects that occupied them: Lady Lucas was inquiring of Maria, after the welfare and poultry of her eldest daughter; Mrs.
welfare - l'aide sociale, bien-etre, aide sociale
Bennet was doubly engaged, on one hand collecting an account of the present fashions from Jane, who sat some way below her, and, on the other, retailing them all to the younger Lucases; and Lydia, in a voice rather louder than any other person's, was enumerating the various pleasures of the morning to anybody who would hear her.
doubly - doublement
retailing - le commerce de détail, (retail), vente au détail
"Oh! Mary," said she, "I wish you had gone with us, for we had such fun!
As we went along, Kitty and I drew up the blinds, and pretended there was nobody in the coach; and I should have gone so all the way, if Kitty had not been sick; and when we got to the George, I do think we behaved very handsomely, for we treated the other three with the nicest cold luncheon in the world, and if you would have gone, we would have treated you too.
blinds - des stores, aveugle, mal-voyant, mal-voyante, store, blind
pretended - prétendu, prétendre, prétendre a, feindre, faire semblant
handsomely - avec brio
And then when we came away it was such fun! I thought we never should have got into the coach. I was ready to die of laughter. And then we were so merry all the way home! we talked and laughed so loud, that anybody might have heard us ten miles off!"
die of laughter - mourir de rire
merry - joyeux, gai, heureuse, jovial
To this Mary very gravely replied, "Far be it from me, my dear sister, to depreciate such pleasures! They would doubtless be congenial with the generality of female minds. But I confess they would have no charms for me-I should infinitely prefer a book."
depreciate - se déprécier, déprécier
congenial - semblable, sympathique, agréable
But of this answer Lydia heard not a word. She seldom listened to anybody for more than half a minute, and never attended to Mary at all.
In the afternoon Lydia was urgent with the rest of the girls to walk to Meryton, and to see how everybody went on; but Elizabeth steadily opposed the scheme. It should not be said that the Miss Bennets could not be at home half a day before they were in pursuit of the officers. There was another reason too for her opposition. She dreaded seeing Mr.
Wickham again, and was resolved to avoid it as long as possible. The comfort to her of the regiment's approaching removal was indeed beyond expression. In a fortnight they were to go-and once gone, she hoped there could be nothing more to plague her on his account.
She had not been many hours at home before she found that the Brighton scheme, of which Lydia had given them a hint at the inn, was under frequent discussion between her parents.
hint at - insinuer
Elizabeth saw directly that her father had not the smallest intention of yielding; but his answers were at the same time so vague and equivocal, that her mother, though often disheartened, had never yet despaired of succeeding at last.
vague - vague
equivocal - équivoque
disheartened - découragé, décourager
despaired - désespéré, désespérer, désespoir
Elizabeth's impatience to acquaint Jane with what had happened could no longer be overcome; and at length, resolving to suppress every particular in which her sister was concerned, and preparing her to be surprised, she related to her the next morning the chief of the scene between Mr. Darcy and herself.
Suppress - contenir, checkréduire, checksupprimer, checkréprimer
Miss Bennet's astonishment was soon lessened by the strong sisterly partiality which made any admiration of Elizabeth appear perfectly natural; and all surprise was shortly lost in other feelings. She was sorry that Mr.
lessened - diminuée, amoindrir, atténuer, diminuer, réduire
Darcy should have delivered his sentiments in a manner so little suited to recommend them; but still more was she grieved for the unhappiness which her sister's refusal must have given him.
unhappiness - le malheur, tristesse, malheur
"His being so sure of succeeding was wrong," said she, "and certainly ought not to have appeared; but consider how much it must increase his disappointment!"
"Indeed," replied Elizabeth, "I am heartily sorry for him; but he has other feelings, which will probably soon drive away his regard for me. You do not blame me, however, for refusing him?"
drive away - s'en aller
"Blame you! Oh, no."
"But you blame me for having spoken so warmly of Wickham?"
"No-I do not know that you were wrong in saying what you did."
"But you will know it, when I tell you what happened the very next day."
She then spoke of the letter, repeating the whole of its contents as far as they concerned George Wickham. What a stroke was this for poor Jane! who would willingly have gone through the world without believing that so much wickedness existed in the whole race of mankind, as was here collected in one individual.
stroke - accident vasculaire cérébral, caresser
wickedness - méchanceté, perversité, iniquité, mauvaise action
mankind - l'humanité, humanité, genre humain, hommes
Nor was Darcy's vindication, though grateful to her feelings, capable of consoling her for such discovery. Most earnestly did she labour to prove the probability of error, and seek to clear the one without involving the other.
vindication - la justification, justification
labour - le travail, effort, travail, labeur, besogne, travailleurs
"This will not do," said Elizabeth; "you never will be able to make both of them good for anything. Take your choice, but you must be satisfied with only one. There is but such a quantity of merit between them; just enough to make one good sort of man; and of late it has been shifting about pretty much. For my part, I am inclined to believe it all Darcy's; but you shall do as you choose."
shifting - le changement de vitesse, mutation, (shift), quart, équipe
It was some time, however, before a smile could be extorted from Jane.
extorted - extorqué, extorquer
"I do not know when I have been more shocked," said she. "Wickham so very bad! It is almost past belief. And poor Mr. Darcy! Dear Lizzy, only consider what he must have suffered. Such a disappointment! and with the knowledge of your ill opinion, too! and having to relate such a thing of his sister! It is really too distressing. I am sure you must feel it so."
more shocked - plus choqué
"Oh! no, my regret and compassion are all done away by seeing you so full of both. I know you will do him such ample justice, that I am growing every moment more unconcerned and indifferent. Your profusion makes me saving; and if you lament over him much longer, my heart will be as light as a feather."
more unconcerned - plus insouciant
feather - plume, fanon, mettre en drapeau, emplumer, checkempenner
"Poor Wickham! there is such an expression of goodness in his countenance! such an openness and gentleness in his manner!"
gentleness - la douceur, rench:
"There certainly was some great mismanagement in the education of those two young men. One has got all the goodness, and the other all the appearance of it."
mismanagement - mauvaise gestion
"I never thought Mr. Darcy so deficient in the appearance of it as you used to do."
"And yet I meant to be uncommonly clever in taking so decided a dislike to him, without any reason. It is such a spur to one's genius, such an opening for wit, to have a dislike of that kind. One may be continually abusive without saying anything just; but one cannot always be laughing at a man without now and then stumbling on something witty."
spur - éperon, eperon
abusive - abusif
stumbling - trébucher, chute, faux pas, bourde
witty - de l'esprit, fin
"Lizzy, when you first read that letter, I am sure you could not treat the matter as you do now."
"Indeed, I could not. I was uncomfortable enough, I may say unhappy. And with no one to speak to about what I felt, no Jane to comfort me and say that I had not been so very weak and vain and nonsensical as I knew I had! Oh! how I wanted you!"
"How unfortunate that you should have used such very strong expressions in speaking of Wickham to Mr. Darcy, for now they do appear wholly undeserved."
"Certainly. But the misfortune of speaking with bitterness is a most natural consequence of the prejudices I had been encouraging. There is one point on which I want your advice. I want to be told whether I ought, or ought not, to make our acquaintances in general understand Wickham's character."
most natural - le plus naturel
prejudices - préjugés, préjugé, idée préconçue, préjudice
Miss Bennet paused a little, and then replied, "Surely there can be no occasion for exposing him so dreadfully. What is your opinion?"
dreadfully - terriblement
"That it ought not to be attempted. Mr. Darcy has not authorised me to make his communication public. On the contrary, every particular relative to his sister was meant to be kept as much as possible to myself; and if I endeavour to undeceive people as to the rest of his conduct, who will believe me? The general prejudice against Mr.
undeceive - tromper
Darcy is so violent, that it would be the death of half the good people in Meryton to attempt to place him in an amiable light. I am not equal to it. Wickham will soon be gone; and therefore it will not signify to anyone here what he really is. Some time hence it will be all found out, and then we may laugh at their stupidity in not knowing it before. At present I will say nothing about it."
hence - d'ou, d'ici, ainsi, donc, d'ou
"You are quite right. To have his errors made public might ruin him for ever. He is now, perhaps, sorry for what he has done, and anxious to re-establish a character. We must not make him desperate."
desperate - désespérée, désespéré
The tumult of Elizabeth's mind was allayed by this conversation. She had got rid of two of the secrets which had weighed on her for a fortnight, and was certain of a willing listener in Jane, whenever she might wish to talk again of either. But there was still something lurking behind, of which prudence forbade the disclosure. She dared not relate the other half of Mr.
allayed - apaisée, apaiser, pacifier, soulager
lurking - se cacher, (lurk), s'embusquer, se dissimuler
forbade - interdit, interdire, nier, dénier
disclosure - la divulgation, révélation, divulgation, propagation
Darcy's letter, nor explain to her sister how sincerely she had been valued by her friend. Here was knowledge in which no one could partake; and she was sensible that nothing less than a perfect understanding between the parties could justify her in throwing off this last encumbrance of mystery.
partake - participer
mystery - mystere, mystere
"And then," said she, "if that very improbable event should ever take place, I shall merely be able to tell what Bingley may tell in a much more agreeable manner himself. The liberty of communication cannot be mine till it has lost all its value!"
She was now, on being settled at home, at leisure to observe the real state of her sister's spirits. Jane was not happy. She still cherished a very tender affection for Bingley.
Having never even fancied herself in love before, her regard had all the warmth of first attachment, and, from her age and disposition, greater steadiness than most first attachments often boast; and so fervently did she value his remembrance, and prefer him to every other man, that all her good sense, and all her attention to the feelings of her friends, were requisite to check the indulgence of those regrets which must have been injurious to her own health and their tranquillity.
steadiness - stabilité
attachments - les pieces jointes, attachement, dépendance
fervently - avec ferveur, fervemment
requisite - nécessaire
injurious - préjudiciable
"Well, Lizzy," said Mrs. Bennet one day, "what is your opinion now of this sad business of Jane's? For my part, I am determined never to speak of it again to anybody. I told my sister Phillips so the other day. But I cannot find out that Jane saw anything of him in London.
Well, he is a very undeserving young man-and I do not suppose there's the least chance in the world of her ever getting him now. There is no talk of his coming to Netherfield again in the summer; and I have inquired of everybody, too, who is likely to know."
"I do not believe he will ever live at Netherfield any more."
"Oh well! it is just as he chooses. Nobody wants him to come. Though I shall always say he used my daughter extremely ill; and if I was her, I would not have put up with it. Well, my comfort is, I am sure Jane will die of a broken heart; and then he will be sorry for what he has done."
But as Elizabeth could not receive comfort from any such expectation, she made no answer.
"Well, Lizzy," continued her mother, soon afterwards, "and so the Collinses live very comfortable, do they? Well, well, I only hope it will last. And what sort of table do they keep? Charlotte is an excellent manager, I dare say. If she is half as sharp as her mother, she is saving enough. There is nothing extravagant in their housekeeping, I dare say."
sharp - pointu, affilé, coupant, affuté, tranchant
"No, nothing at all."
"A great deal of good management, depend upon it. Yes, yes, they will take care not to outrun their income. They will never be distressed for money. Well, much good may it do them! And so, I suppose, they often talk of having Longbourn when your father is dead. They look upon it as quite their own, I dare say, whenever that happens."
outrun - prendre de l'avance sur, distancer, prendre de vitesse, semer
"It was a subject which they could not mention before me."
"No; it would have been strange if they had; but I make no doubt they often talk of it between themselves. Well, if they can be easy with an estate that is not lawfully their own, so much the better. I should be ashamed of having one that was only entailed on me."
lawfully - légalement
The first week of their return was soon gone. The second began. It was the last of the regiment's stay in Meryton, and all the young ladies in the neighbourhood were drooping apace. The dejection was almost universal. The elder Miss Bennets alone were still able to eat, drink, and sleep, and pursue the usual course of their employments.
drooping - en train de tomber, tomber, s'affaisser, bec
apace - a un rythme soutenu, rapidement
Very frequently were they reproached for this insensibility by Kitty and Lydia, whose own misery was extreme, and who could not comprehend such hard-heartedness in any of the family.
heartedness - cour
"Good Heaven! what is to become of us? What are we to do?" would they often exclaim in the bitterness of woe. "How can you be smiling so, Lizzy?"
exclaim - s'exclamer, exclamer
woe - tristesse, douleur, misere, malheur, hélas
Their affectionate mother shared all their grief; she remembered what she had herself endured on a similar occasion, five-and-twenty years ago.
grief - le chagrin, douleur, peine
"I am sure," said she, "I cried for two days together when Colonel Miller's regiment went away. I thought I should have broken my heart."
miller - miller, Meunier, Dumoulin
"I am sure I shall break mine," said Lydia.
"If one could but go to Brighton!" observed Mrs. Bennet.
"Oh, yes!-if one could but go to Brighton! But papa is so disagreeable."
"A little sea-bathing would set me up forever."
"And my aunt Phillips is sure it would do me a great deal of good," added Kitty.
Such were the kind of lamentations resounding perpetually through Longbourn House. Elizabeth tried to be diverted by them; but all sense of pleasure was lost in shame. She felt anew the justice of Mr. Darcy's objections; and never had she been so much disposed to pardon his interference in the views of his friend.
lamentations - lamentations, gémissement, fr
resounding - retentissant, retentir
diverted - détourné, dévier, divertir
anew - a nouveau, a nouveau, derechef
But the gloom of Lydia's prospect was shortly cleared away; for she received an invitation from Mrs. Forster, the wife of the colonel of the regiment, to accompany her to Brighton. This invaluable friend was a very young woman, and very lately married.
cleared away - nettoyé
A resemblance in good humour and good spirits had recommended her and Lydia to each other, and out of their three months'acquaintance they had been intimate two.
The rapture of Lydia on this occasion, her adoration of Mrs. Forster, the delight of Mrs. Bennet, and the mortification of Kitty, are scarcely to be described.
rapture - le ravissement, ravissement, enlevement
adoration - l'adoration, adoration
Wholly inattentive to her sister's feelings, Lydia flew about the house in restless ecstasy, calling for everyone's congratulations, and laughing and talking with more violence than ever; whilst the luckless Kitty continued in the parlour repined at her fate in terms as unreasonable as her accent was peevish.
restless - inquiet, agité, checkimpatient
fate - le destin, destin, destinée, sort
accent - accent, emphase, souligner, accentuer
"I cannot see why Mrs. Forster should not ask me as well as Lydia," said she, "Though I am not her particular friend. I have just as much right to be asked as she has, and more too, for I am two years older."
In vain did Elizabeth attempt to make her reasonable, and Jane to make her resigned.
As for Elizabeth herself, this invitation was so far from exciting in her the same feelings as in her mother and Lydia, that she considered it as the death warrant of all possibility of common sense for the latter; and detestable as such a step must make her were it known, she could not help secretly advising her father not to let her go.
warrant - garantie, mandat, mandat de conformité
detestable - détestable
advising - conseiller, renseigner
She represented to him all the improprieties of Lydia's general behaviour, the little advantage she could derive from the friendship of such a woman as Mrs. Forster, and the probability of her being yet more imprudent with such a companion at Brighton, where the temptations must be greater than at home. He heard her attentively, and then said:
derive from - dériver
more imprudent - plus imprudent
temptations - tentations, tentation
"Lydia will never be easy until she has exposed herself in some public place or other, and we can never expect her to do it with so little expense or inconvenience to her family as under the present circumstances."
exposed - exposée, exposer, dénoncer
"If you were aware," said Elizabeth, "of the very great disadvantage to us all which must arise from the public notice of Lydia's unguarded and imprudent manner-nay, which has already arisen from it, I am sure you would judge differently in the affair."
arisen from - Naitre de
"Already arisen?" repeated Mr. Bennet. "What, has she frightened away some of your lovers? Poor little Lizzy! But do not be cast down. Such squeamish youths as cannot bear to be connected with a little absurdity are not worth a regret. Come, let me see the list of pitiful fellows who have been kept aloof by Lydia's folly."
arisen - a vu le jour, se lever, relever
youths - les jeunes, jeunesse, jeune, jeune homme
aloof - a l'écart, a distance, dédaigneusement, distant, dédaigneux
"Indeed you are mistaken. I have no such injuries to resent. It is not of particular, but of general evils, which I am now complaining. Our importance, our respectability in the world must be affected by the wild volatility, the assurance and disdain of all restraint which mark Lydia's character. Excuse me, for I must speak plainly.
If you, my dear father, will not take the trouble of checking her exuberant spirits, and of teaching her that her present pursuits are not to be the business of her life, she will soon be beyond the reach of amendment.
exuberant - exubérant
pursuits - des activités, poursuite
Her character will be fixed, and she will, at sixteen, be the most determined flirt that ever made herself or her family ridiculous; a flirt, too, in the worst and meanest degree of flirtation; without any attraction beyond youth and a tolerable person; and, from the ignorance and emptiness of her mind, wholly unable to ward off any portion of that universal contempt which her rage for admiration will excite. In this danger Kitty also is comprehended. She will follow wherever Lydia leads. Vain, ignorant, idle, and absolutely uncontrolled! Oh! my dear father, can you suppose it possible that they will not be censured and despised wherever they are known, and that their sisters will not be often involved in the disgrace?"
flirtation - flirt
Attraction - attraction, attirance
emptiness - le vide, vide, néant, vacuité
ward - la pupille, salle
rage - rage, furie, fureur, courroux, rager, faire rage
comprehended - compris, comprendre
uncontrolled - incontrôlée
censured - censuré, décrier, fr
despised - méprisé, mépriser, dédaigner
Mr. Bennet saw that her whole heart was in the subject, and affectionately taking her hand said in reply:
"Do not make yourself uneasy, my love. Wherever you and Jane are known you must be respected and valued; and you will not appear to less advantage for having a couple of-or I may say, three-very silly sisters. We shall have no peace at Longbourn if Lydia does not go to Brighton. Let her go, then.
Colonel Forster is a sensible man, and will keep her out of any real mischief; and she is luckily too poor to be an object of prey to anybody. At Brighton she will be of less importance even as a common flirt than she has been here. The officers will find women better worth their notice. Let us hope, therefore, that her being there may teach her her own insignificance.
prey - la proie, butin, prise, proie
flirt - flirt, draguer, flirter
At any rate, she cannot grow many degrees worse, without authorising us to lock her up for the rest of her life."
With this answer Elizabeth was forced to be content; but her own opinion continued the same, and she left him disappointed and sorry. It was not in her nature, however, to increase her vexations by dwelling on them. She was confident of having performed her duty, and to fret over unavoidable evils, or augment them by anxiety, was no part of her disposition.
content - contenu, satisfait, contentement
vexations - vexations, tracas, tracasserie, contrariété
unavoidable - inévitable
augment - augmenter, élargir le mouvement, augmenter l'intervalle, augment
Had Lydia and her mother known the substance of her conference with her father, their indignation would hardly have found expression in their united volubility. In Lydia's imagination, a visit to Brighton comprised every possibility of earthly happiness. She saw, with the creative eye of fancy, the streets of that gay bathing-place covered with officers.
substance - substance, fond, biens
volubility - volubilité
earthly - terrestre
gay - gay, gai
She saw herself the object of attention, to tens and to scores of them at present unknown. She saw all the glories of the camp-its tents stretched forth in beauteous uniformity of lines, crowded with the young and the gay, and dazzling with scarlet; and, to complete the view, she saw herself seated beneath a tent, tenderly flirting with at least six officers at once.
glories - gloires, gloire
tents - tentes, tente
stretched - étiré, étendre, s'étendre, s'étirer, étirement
beauteous - belle
uniformity - l'uniformité, uniformité
flirting with - flirter avec
Had she known her sister sought to tear her from such prospects and such realities as these, what would have been her sensations? They could have been understood only by her mother, who might have felt nearly the same. Lydia's going to Brighton was all that consoled her for her melancholy conviction of her husband's never intending to go there himself.
realities - réalités, réalité, vérité
consoled - consolé, consoler
But they were entirely ignorant of what had passed; and their raptures continued, with little intermission, to the very day of Lydia's leaving home.
Elizabeth was now to see Mr. Wickham for the last time. Having been frequently in company with him since her return, agitation was pretty well over; the agitations of former partiality entirely so. She had even learnt to detect, in the very gentleness which had first delighted her, an affectation and a sameness to disgust and weary.
agitations - des agitations, agitation
detect - détecter, détectez, détectent, dénicher, détectons
In his present behaviour to herself, moreover, she had a fresh source of displeasure, for the inclination he soon testified of renewing those intentions which had marked the early part of their acquaintance could only serve, after what had since passed, to provoke her.
renewing - le renouvellement, renouveler
She lost all concern for him in finding herself thus selected as the object of such idle and frivolous gallantry; and while she steadily repressed it, could not but feel the reproof contained in his believing, that however long, and for whatever cause, his attentions had been withdrawn, her vanity would be gratified, and her preference secured at any time by their renewal.
frivolous - frivole
On the very last day of the regiment's remaining at Meryton, he dined, with other of the officers, at Longbourn; and so little was Elizabeth disposed to part from him in good humour, that on his making some inquiry as to the manner in which her time had passed at Hunsford, she mentioned Colonel Fitzwilliam's and Mr.
Darcy's having both spent three weeks at Rosings, and asked him, if he was acquainted with the former.
He looked surprised, displeased, alarmed; but with a moment's recollection and a returning smile, replied, that he had formerly seen him often; and, after observing that he was a very gentlemanlike man, asked her how she had liked him. Her answer was warmly in his favour. With an air of indifference he soon afterwards added:
"How long did you say he was at Rosings?"
"Nearly three weeks."
"And you saw him frequently?"
"Yes, almost every day."
"His manners are very different from his cousin's."
"Yes, very different. But I think Mr. Darcy improves upon acquaintance."
"Indeed!" cried Mr. Wickham with a look which did not escape her. "And pray, may I ask?-" But checking himself, he added, in a gayer tone, "Is it in address that he improves? Has he deigned to add aught of civility to his ordinary style?-for I dare not hope," he continued in a lower and more serious tone, "that he is improved in essentials."
gayer - plus gay, homosexuel/-elle, gay
aught - rien
essentials - essentiels, indispensable, essentiel, fondamental
"Oh, no!" said Elizabeth. "In essentials, I believe, he is very much what he ever was."
While she spoke, Wickham looked as if scarcely knowing whether to rejoice over her words, or to distrust their meaning. There was a something in her countenance which made him listen with an apprehensive and anxious attention, while she added:
apprehensive - des appréhensions
"When I said that he improved on acquaintance, I did not mean that his mind or his manners were in a state of improvement, but that, from knowing him better, his disposition was better understood."
Wickham's alarm now appeared in a heightened complexion and agitated look; for a few minutes he was silent, till, shaking off his embarrassment, he turned to her again, and said in the gentlest of accents:
shaking off - Secouer
gentlest - le plus doux, gentil, doux
accents - des accents, accent
"You, who so well know my feeling towards Mr. Darcy, will readily comprehend how sincerely I must rejoice that he is wise enough to assume even the appearance of what is right. His pride, in that direction, may be of service, if not to himself, to many others, for it must only deter him from such foul misconduct as I have suffered by.
deter - empecher, dissuader, décourager
foul - la faute, infâme
misconduct - mauvaise conduite, inconduite
I only fear that the sort of cautiousness to which you, I imagine, have been alluding, is merely adopted on his visits to his aunt, of whose good opinion and judgement he stands much in awe. His fear of her has always operated, I know, when they were together; and a good deal is to be imputed to his wish of forwarding the match with Miss de Bourgh, which I am certain he has very much at heart."
cautiousness - prudence
alluding - allusion, alluder, faire allusion, suggérer
adopted - adoptée, adopter
awe - la stupeur, crainte, révérence, admiration
operated - exploité, opérer, ouvrer
match with - correspondre
Elizabeth could not repress a smile at this, but she answered only by a slight inclination of the head. She saw that he wanted to engage her on the old subject of his grievances, and she was in no humour to indulge him.
repress - réprimer
The rest of the evening passed with the appearance, on his side, of usual cheerfulness, but with no further attempt to distinguish Elizabeth; and they parted at last with mutual civility, and possibly a mutual desire of never meeting again.
meeting again - se réunir a nouveau
When the party broke up, Lydia returned with Mrs. Forster to Meryton, from whence they were to set out early the next morning. The separation between her and her family was rather noisy than pathetic. Kitty was the only one who shed tears; but she did weep from vexation and envy. Mrs.
whence - pourquoi, d'ou
pathetic - pathétique
shed tears - verser des larmes
weep - pleurer, pleurez, pleurons, pleurent
envy - l'envie, envie, jalousie, convoitise, envier
Bennet was diffuse in her good wishes for the felicity of her daughter, and impressive in her injunctions that she should not miss the opportunity of enjoying herself as much as possible-advice which there was every reason to believe would be well attended to; and in the clamorous happiness of Lydia herself in bidding farewell, the more gentle adieus of her sisters were uttered without being heard.
diffuse - diffuse, répandre, répandez, répandent, répandons, répands
impressive - impressionnante
injunctions - injonctions, injonction
clamorous - clameur
more gentle - plus doux
adieus - adieus, adieu, farewell
Had Elizabeth's opinion been all drawn from her own family, she could not have formed a very pleasing opinion of conjugal felicity or domestic comfort.
conjugal - conjugal
Her father, captivated by youth and beauty, and that appearance of good humour which youth and beauty generally give, had married a woman whose weak understanding and illiberal mind had very early in their marriage put an end to all real affection for her. Respect, esteem, and confidence had vanished for ever; and all his views of domestic happiness were overthrown. But Mr.
captivated - captivé, captiver
vanished - disparue, disparaître, s'évanouir, s'annuler
domestic happiness - le bonheur domestique
overthrown - renversé, renverser
Bennet was not of a disposition to seek comfort for the disappointment which his own imprudence had brought on, in any of those pleasures which too often console the unfortunate for their folly or their vice. He was fond of the country and of books; and from these tastes had arisen his principal enjoyments.
enjoyments - des plaisirs, jouissance, plaisir
To his wife he was very little otherwise indebted, than as her ignorance and folly had contributed to his amusement. This is not the sort of happiness which a man would in general wish to owe to his wife; but where other powers of entertainment are wanting, the true philosopher will derive benefit from such as are given.
contributed - a contribué, contribuer
philosopher - philosophe
derive benefit from - en tirer des avantages
Elizabeth, however, had never been blind to the impropriety of her father's behaviour as a husband.
She had always seen it with pain; but respecting his abilities, and grateful for his affectionate treatment of herself, she endeavoured to forget what she could not overlook, and to banish from her thoughts that continual breach of conjugal obligation and decorum which, in exposing his wife to the contempt of her own children, was so highly reprehensible.
overlook - vue, panorama, surplomber, négliger, louper, passer outre
But she had never felt so strongly as now the disadvantages which must attend the children of so unsuitable a marriage, nor ever been so fully aware of the evils arising from so ill-judged a direction of talents; talents, which, rightly used, might at least have preserved the respectability of his daughters, even if incapable of enlarging the mind of his wife.
rightly - a juste titre
enlarging - l'élargissement, agrandir, élargir, accroître
When Elizabeth had rejoiced over Wickham's departure she found little other cause for satisfaction in the loss of the regiment.
Their parties abroad were less varied than before, and at home she had a mother and sister whose constant repinings at the dullness of everything around them threw a real gloom over their domestic circle; and, though Kitty might in time regain her natural degree of sense, since the disturbers of her brain were removed, her other sister, from whose disposition greater evil might be apprehended, was likely to be hardened in all her folly and assurance by a situation of such double danger as a watering-place and a camp. Upon the whole, therefore, she found, what has been sometimes found before, that an event to which she had been looking with impatient desire did not, in taking place, bring all the satisfaction she had promised herself. It was consequently necessary to name some other period for the commencement of actual felicity-to have some other point on which her wishes and hopes might be fixed, and by again enjoying the pleasure of anticipation, console herself for the present, and prepare for another disappointment. Her tour to the Lakes was now the object of her happiest thoughts; it was her best consolation for all the uncomfortable hours which the discontentedness of her mother and Kitty made inevitable; and could she have included Jane in the scheme, every part of it would have been perfect.
dullness - la grisaille, obtusité
regain - retrouver, reconquérir, reprendre
apprehended - appréhendé, appréhender, comprendre
commencement - l'inauguration, commencement, début
discontentedness - le mécontentement
"But it is fortunate," thought she, "that I have something to wish for. Were the whole arrangement complete, my disappointment would be certain. But here, by carrying with me one ceaseless source of regret in my sister's absence, I may reasonably hope to have all my expectations of pleasure realised.
ceaseless - incessant
A scheme of which every part promises delight can never be successful; and general disappointment is only warded off by the defence of some little peculiar vexation."
warded - gardé, salle
defence - la défense, défense
When Lydia went away she promised to write very often and very minutely to her mother and Kitty; but her letters were always long expected, and always very short.
Those to her mother contained little else than that they were just returned from the library, where such and such officers had attended them, and where she had seen such beautiful ornaments as made her quite wild; that she had a new gown, or a new parasol, which she would have described more fully, but was obliged to leave off in a violent hurry, as Mrs.
parasol - ombrelle, parasol
Forster called her, and they were going off to the camp; and from her correspondence with her sister, there was still less to be learnt-for her letters to Kitty, though rather longer, were much too full of lines under the words to be made public.
After the first fortnight or three weeks of her absence, health, good humour, and cheerfulness began to reappear at Longbourn. Everything wore a happier aspect. The families who had been in town for the winter came back again, and summer finery and summer engagements arose. Mrs.
reappear - reparaître, réapparaître
Bennet was restored to her usual querulous serenity; and, by the middle of June, Kitty was so much recovered as to be able to enter Meryton without tears; an event of such happy promise as to make Elizabeth hope that by the following Christmas she might be so tolerably reasonable as not to mention an officer above once a day, unless, by some cruel and malicious arrangement at the War Office, another regiment should be quartered in Meryton.
querulous - querelleur
The time fixed for the beginning of their northern tour was now fast approaching, and a fortnight only was wanting of it, when a letter arrived from Mrs. Gardiner, which at once delayed its commencement and curtailed its extent. Mr.
curtailed - réduit, écourter, abréger, restreindre
Gardiner would be prevented by business from setting out till a fortnight later in July, and must be in London again within a month, and as that left too short a period for them to go so far, and see so much as they had proposed, or at least to see it with the leisure and comfort they had built on, they were obliged to give up the Lakes, and substitute a more contracted tour, and, according to the present plan, were to go no farther northwards than Derbyshire. In that county there was enough to be seen to occupy the chief of their three weeks; and to Mrs. Gardiner it had a peculiarly strong attraction. The town where she had formerly passed some years of her life, and where they were now to spend a few days, was probably as great an object of her curiosity as all the celebrated beauties of Matlock, Chatsworth, Dovedale, or the Peak.
setting out - la mise en route
substitute - mettre, remplaçant, substitut
contracted - sous contrat, contracter
Peak - le sommet, apogée, comble
Elizabeth was excessively disappointed; she had set her heart on seeing the Lakes, and still thought there might have been time enough. But it was her business to be satisfied-and certainly her temper to be happy; and all was soon right again.
With the mention of Derbyshire there were many ideas connected. It was impossible for her to see the word without thinking of Pemberley and its owner. "But surely," said she, "I may enter his county with impunity, and rob it of a few petrified spars without his perceiving me."
impunity - l'impunité, impunité
rob - rob, ravir, piller
Petrified - pétrifié, pétrifier
spars - les espars, (Spar) les espars
The period of expectation was now doubled. Four weeks were to pass away before her uncle and aunt's arrival. But they did pass away, and Mr. and Mrs. Gardiner, with their four children, did at length appear at Longbourn.
The children, two girls of six and eight years old, and two younger boys, were to be left under the particular care of their cousin Jane, who was the general favourite, and whose steady sense and sweetness of temper exactly adapted her for attending to them in every way-teaching them, playing with them, and loving them.
The Gardiners stayed only one night at Longbourn, and set off the next morning with Elizabeth in pursuit of novelty and amusement.
One enjoyment was certain-that of suitableness of companions; a suitableness which comprehended health and temper to bear inconveniences-cheerfulness to enhance every pleasure-and affection and intelligence, which might supply it among themselves if there were disappointments abroad.
enhance - augmenter, accroître, améliorer
disappointments - déceptions, déception
It is not the object of this work to give a description of Derbyshire, nor of any of the remarkable places through which their route thither lay; Oxford, Blenheim, Warwick, Kenilworth, Birmingham, etc. are sufficiently known. A small part of Derbyshire is all the present concern. To the little town of Lambton, the scene of Mrs.
Oxford - oxford
Blenheim - Blenheim
Gardiner's former residence, and where she had lately learned some acquaintance still remained, they bent their steps, after having seen all the principal wonders of the country; and within five miles of Lambton, Elizabeth found from her aunt that Pemberley was situated. It was not in their direct road, nor more than a mile or two out of it. In talking over their route the evening before, Mrs.
Gardiner expressed an inclination to see the place again. Mr. Gardiner declared his willingness, and Elizabeth was applied to for her approbation.
"My love, should not you like to see a place of which you have heard so much?" said her aunt; "a place, too, with which so many of your acquaintances are connected. Wickham passed all his youth there, you know."
Elizabeth was distressed. She felt that she had no business at Pemberley, and was obliged to assume a disinclination for seeing it. She must own that she was tired of seeing great houses; after going over so many, she really had no pleasure in fine carpets or satin curtains.
curtains - rideaux, rideau
Mrs. Gardiner abused her stupidity. "If it were merely a fine house richly furnished," said she, "I should not care about it myself; but the grounds are delightful. They have some of the finest woods in the country."
furnished - meublé, meubler, fournir, livrer
Elizabeth said no more-but her mind could not acquiesce. The possibility of meeting Mr. Darcy, while viewing the place, instantly occurred. It would be dreadful! She blushed at the very idea, and thought it would be better to speak openly to her aunt than to run such a risk.
acquiesce - acquiescer
But against this there were objections; and she finally resolved that it could be the last resource, if her private inquiries to the absence of the family were unfavourably answered.
resource - ressource, ressource(s)
unfavourably - défavorablement
Accordingly, when she retired at night, she asked the chambermaid whether Pemberley were not a very fine place? what was the name of its proprietor? and, with no little alarm, whether the family were down for the summer?
chambermaid - femme de chambre
A most welcome negative followed the last question-and her alarms now being removed, she was at leisure to feel a great deal of curiosity to see the house herself; and when the subject was revived the next morning, and she was again applied to, could readily answer, and with a proper air of indifference, that she had not really any dislike to the scheme. To Pemberley, therefore, they were to go.
most welcome - sont les bienvenues
alarms - alarmes, alarme, réveille-matin, réveil, alarmer, fr
Elizabeth, as they drove along, watched for the first appearance of Pemberley Woods with some perturbation; and when at length they turned in at the lodge, her spirits were in a high flutter.
flutter - flottement, faséyer, voleter, voltiger, battement
The park was very large, and contained great variety of ground. They entered it in one of its lowest points, and drove for some time through a beautiful wood stretching over a wide extent.
stretching - l'étirement, étendre, s'étendre, s'étirer, étirement
Elizabeth's mind was too full for conversation, but she saw and admired every remarkable spot and point of view. They gradually ascended for half-a-mile, and then found themselves at the top of a considerable eminence, where the wood ceased, and the eye was instantly caught by Pemberley House, situated on the opposite side of a valley, into which the road with some abruptness wound.
eminence - éminence
abruptness - rudesse, brusquerie, soudaineté
It was a large, handsome stone building, standing well on rising ground, and backed by a ridge of high woody hills; and in front, a stream of some natural importance was swelled into greater, but without any artificial appearance. Its banks were neither formal nor falsely adorned. Elizabeth was delighted.
ridge - crete, crete, faîte, dorsale
woody - ligneuxse, ligneux
stream - flux, ruisseau, ru, rupt, filet, flot, courant
swelled - gonflé, enfler, gonfler
artificial - artificiels
falsely - a tort, faussement
She had never seen a place for which nature had done more, or where natural beauty had been so little counteracted by an awkward taste. They were all of them warm in their admiration; and at that moment she felt that to be mistress of Pemberley might be something!
They descended the hill, crossed the bridge, and drove to the door; and, while examining the nearer aspect of the house, all her apprehension of meeting its owner returned. She dreaded lest the chambermaid had been mistaken. On applying to see the place, they were admitted into the hall; and Elizabeth, as they waited for the housekeeper, had leisure to wonder at her being where she was.
descended - descendu, descendre
The housekeeper came; a respectable-looking elderly woman, much less fine, and more civil, than she had any notion of finding her. They followed her into the dining-parlour. It was a large, well proportioned room, handsomely fitted up. Elizabeth, after slightly surveying it, went to a window to enjoy its prospect.
elderly - personnes âgées, vieux, ancien, âgé
proportioned - proportionné, proportion
The hill, crowned with wood, which they had descended, receiving increased abruptness from the distance, was a beautiful object. Every disposition of the ground was good; and she looked on the whole scene, the river, the trees scattered on its banks and the winding of the valley, as far as she could trace it, with delight.
crowned - couronné, couronne
scattered - dispersé, disperser, se disperser, éparpiller, parsemer
winding - bobinage, (wind) bobinage
trace - trace, projection horizontale, décalquer
As they passed into other rooms these objects were taking different positions; but from every window there were beauties to be seen.
The rooms were lofty and handsome, and their furniture suitable to the fortune of its proprietor; but Elizabeth saw, with admiration of his taste, that it was neither gaudy nor uselessly fine; with less of splendour, and more real elegance, than the furniture of Rosings.
lofty - noble, haut
gaudy - criardes, criard
uselessly - inutilement
splendour - splendeur
more real - plus réel
"And of this place," thought she, "I might have been mistress! With these rooms I might now have been familiarly acquainted! Instead of viewing them as a stranger, I might have rejoiced in them as my own, and welcomed to them as visitors my uncle and aunt.
But no,"-recollecting herself-"that could never be; my uncle and aunt would have been lost to me; I should not have been allowed to invite them."
This was a lucky recollection-it saved her from something very like regret.
She longed to inquire of the housekeeper whether her master was really absent, but had not the courage for it. At length however, the question was asked by her uncle; and she turned away with alarm, while Mrs. Reynolds replied that he was, adding, "But we expect him to-morrow, with a large party of friends.
Reynolds - reynolds, Renaud
" How rejoiced was Elizabeth that their own journey had not by any circumstance been delayed a day!
Her aunt now called her to look at a picture. She approached and saw the likeness of Mr. Wickham, suspended, amongst several other miniatures, over the mantelpiece. Her aunt asked her, smilingly, how she liked it. The housekeeper came forward, and told them it was a picture of a young gentleman, the son of her late master's steward, who had been brought up by him at his own expense.
miniatures - des figurines, miniature, enluminure, figurine
"He is now gone into the army," she added; "but I am afraid he has turned out very wild."
Mrs. Gardiner looked at her niece with a smile, but Elizabeth could not return it.
"And that," said Mrs. Reynolds, pointing to another of the miniatures, "is my master-and very like him. It was drawn at the same time as the other-about eight years ago."
"I have heard much of your master's fine person," said Mrs. Gardiner, looking at the picture; "it is a handsome face. But, Lizzy, you can tell us whether it is like or not."
Mrs. Reynolds respect for Elizabeth seemed to increase on this intimation of her knowing her master.
intimation - intimation
"Does that young lady know Mr. Darcy?"
Elizabeth coloured, and said: "A little."
"And do not you think him a very handsome gentleman, ma'am?"
"Yes, very handsome."
"I am sure I know none so handsome; but in the gallery up stairs you will see a finer, larger picture of him than this. This room was my late master's favourite room, and these miniatures are just as they used to be then. He was very fond of them."
This accounted to Elizabeth for Mr. Wickham's being among them.
Mrs. Reynolds then directed their attention to one of Miss Darcy, drawn when she was only eight years old.
"And is Miss Darcy as handsome as her brother?" said Mrs. Gardiner.
"Oh! yes-the handsomest young lady that ever was seen; and so accomplished!-She plays and sings all day long. In the next room is a new instrument just come down for her-a present from my master; she comes here to-morrow with him."
Mr. Gardiner, whose manners were very easy and pleasant, encouraged her communicativeness by his questions and remarks; Mrs. Reynolds, either by pride or attachment, had evidently great pleasure in talking of her master and his sister.
communicativeness - de la communication
"Is your master much at Pemberley in the course of the year?"
"Not so much as I could wish, sir; but I dare say he may spend half his time here; and Miss Darcy is always down for the summer months."
summer months - les mois d'été
"Except," thought Elizabeth, "when she goes to Ramsgate."
"If your master would marry, you might see more of him."
"Yes, sir; but I do not know when that will be. I do not know who is good enough for him."
Mr. and Mrs. Gardiner smiled. Elizabeth could not help saying, "It is very much to his credit, I am sure, that you should think so."
"I say no more than the truth, and everybody will say that knows him," replied the other. Elizabeth thought this was going pretty far; and she listened with increasing astonishment as the housekeeper added, "I have never known a cross word from him in my life, and I have known him ever since he was four years old."
This was praise, of all others most extraordinary, most opposite to her ideas. That he was not a good-tempered man had been her firmest opinion. Her keenest attention was awakened; she longed to hear more, and was grateful to her uncle for saying:
"There are very few people of whom so much can be said. You are lucky in having such a master."
"Yes, sir, I know I am. If I were to go through the world, I could not meet with a better. But I have always observed, that they who are good-natured when children, are good-natured when they grow up; and he was always the sweetest-tempered, most generous-hearted boy in the world."
Elizabeth almost stared at her. "Can this be Mr. Darcy?" thought she.
"His father was an excellent man," said Mrs. Gardiner.
"Yes, ma'am, that he was indeed; and his son will be just like him-just as affable to the poor."
affable - affable, aimable, doux
Elizabeth listened, wondered, doubted, and was impatient for more. Mrs. Reynolds could interest her on no other point. She related the subjects of the pictures, the dimensions of the rooms, and the price of the furniture, in vain. Mr.
dimensions - dimensions, dimension
Gardiner, highly amused by the kind of family prejudice to which he attributed her excessive commendation of her master, soon led again to the subject; and she dwelt with energy on his many merits as they proceeded together up the great staircase.
merits - mérites, mérite, mériter
"He is the best landlord, and the best master," said she, "that ever lived; not like the wild young men nowadays, who think of nothing but themselves. There is not one of his tenants or servants but will give him a good name. Some people call him proud; but I am sure I never saw anything of it. To my fancy, it is only because he does not rattle away like other young men."
landlord - propriétaire, patron
nowadays - actuellement, de nos jours, aujourd'hui, présentement
"In what an amiable light does this place him!" thought Elizabeth.
"This fine account of him," whispered her aunt as they walked, "is not quite consistent with his behaviour to our poor friend."
whispered - chuchoté, chuchotement, chuchoter, susurrer, murmurer
"Perhaps we might be deceived."
"That is not very likely; our authority was too good."
On reaching the spacious lobby above they were shown into a very pretty sitting-room, lately fitted up with greater elegance and lightness than the apartments below; and were informed that it was but just done to give pleasure to Miss Darcy, who had taken a liking to the room when last at Pemberley.
spacious - spacieux, ample, grand, logeable
lobby - lobby, hall
sitting-room - (sitting-room) le salon
lightness - aisance
give pleasure - donner du plaisir
"He is certainly a good brother," said Elizabeth, as she walked towards one of the windows.
Mrs. Reynolds anticipated Miss Darcy's delight, when she should enter the room. "And this is always the way with him," she added. "Whatever can give his sister any pleasure is sure to be done in a moment. There is nothing he would not do for her."
The picture-gallery, and two or three of the principal bedrooms, were all that remained to be shown. In the former were many good paintings; but Elizabeth knew nothing of the art; and from such as had been already visible below, she had willingly turned to look at some drawings of Miss Darcy's, in crayons, whose subjects were usually more interesting, and also more intelligible.
picture-gallery - (picture-gallery) galerie de photos
paintings - peintures, peinture, toile, art pictural
crayons - des crayons de couleur, pastel, craie de cire
In the gallery there were many family portraits, but they could have little to fix the attention of a stranger. Elizabeth walked in quest of the only face whose features would be known to her. At last it arrested her-and she beheld a striking resemblance to Mr. Darcy, with such a smile over the face as she remembered to have sometimes seen when he looked at her.
She stood several minutes before the picture, in earnest contemplation, and returned to it again before they quitted the gallery. Mrs. Reynolds informed them that it had been taken in his father's lifetime.
lifetime - a vie, durée de vie (objects), vie (persons), éternité
There was certainly at this moment, in Elizabeth's mind, a more gentle sensation towards the original than she had ever felt at the height of their acquaintance. The commendation bestowed on him by Mrs. Reynolds was of no trifling nature. What praise is more valuable than the praise of an intelligent servant?
sensation - sensation
As a brother, a landlord, a master, she considered how many people's happiness were in his guardianship!-how much of pleasure or pain was it in his power to bestow!-how much of good or evil must be done by him!
Every idea that had been brought forward by the housekeeper was favourable to his character, and as she stood before the canvas on which he was represented, and fixed his eyes upon herself, she thought of his regard with a deeper sentiment of gratitude than it had ever raised before; she remembered its warmth, and softened its impropriety of expression.
brought forward - Reporté
canvas - toile, canevas
When all of the house that was open to general inspection had been seen, they returned downstairs, and, taking leave of the housekeeper, were consigned over to the gardener, who met them at the hall-door.
inspection - l'inspection, inspection, rench: t-needed r
consigned - consigné, confier
gardener - jardinier, jardiniere
As they walked across the hall towards the river, Elizabeth turned back to look again; her uncle and aunt stopped also, and while the former was conjecturing as to the date of the building, the owner of it himself suddenly came forward from the road, which led behind it to the stables.
They were within twenty yards of each other, and so abrupt was his appearance, that it was impossible to avoid his sight. Their eyes instantly met, and the cheeks of both were overspread with the deepest blush.
abrupt - abrupt, brusque, precipité
He absolutely started, and for a moment seemed immovable from surprise; but shortly recovering himself, advanced towards the party, and spoke to Elizabeth, if not in terms of perfect composure, at least of perfect civility.
She had instinctively turned away; but stopping on his approach, received his compliments with an embarrassment impossible to be overcome. Had his first appearance, or his resemblance to the picture they had just been examining, been insufficient to assure the other two that they now saw Mr. Darcy, the gardener's expression of surprise, on beholding his master, must immediately have told it.
They stood a little aloof while he was talking to their niece, who, astonished and confused, scarcely dared lift her eyes to his face, and knew not what answer she returned to his civil inquiries after her family.
Amazed at the alteration of his manner since they last parted, every sentence that he uttered was increasing her embarrassment; and every idea of the impropriety of her being found there recurring to her mind, the few minutes in which they continued were some of the most uncomfortable in her life.
recurring - récurrente, se reproduire
most uncomfortable - le plus inconfortable
Nor did he seem much more at ease; when he spoke, his accent had none of its usual sedateness; and he repeated his inquiries as to the time of her having left Longbourn, and of her having stayed in Derbyshire, so often, and in so hurried a way, as plainly spoke the distraction of his thoughts.
sedateness - la sédentarité
Distraction - distraction, folie
At length every idea seemed to fail him; and, after standing a few moments without saying a word, he suddenly recollected himself, and took leave.
The others then joined her, and expressed admiration of his figure; but Elizabeth heard not a word, and wholly engrossed by her own feelings, followed them in silence. She was overpowered by shame and vexation. Her coming there was the most unfortunate, the most ill-judged thing in the world! How strange it must appear to him! In what a disgraceful light might it not strike so vain a man!
most unfortunate - le plus malheureux
It might seem as if she had purposely thrown herself in his way again! Oh! why did she come? Or, why did he thus come a day before he was expected? Had they been only ten minutes sooner, they should have been beyond the reach of his discrimination; for it was plain that he was that moment arrived-that moment alighted from his horse or his carriage.
discrimination - la discrimination, discrimination
alighted - descendus, descendre (de)
She blushed again and again over the perverseness of the meeting. And his behaviour, so strikingly altered-what could it mean? That he should even speak to her was amazing!-but to speak with such civility, to inquire after her family! Never in her life had she seen his manners so little dignified, never had he spoken with such gentleness as on this unexpected meeting.
What a contrast did it offer to his last address in Rosings Park, when he put his letter into her hand! She knew not what to think, or how to account for it.
They had now entered a beautiful walk by the side of the water, and every step was bringing forward a nobler fall of ground, or a finer reach of the woods to which they were approaching; but it was some time before Elizabeth was sensible of any of it; and, though she answered mechanically to the repeated appeals of her uncle and aunt, and seemed to direct her eyes to such objects as they pointed out, she distinguished no part of the scene. Her thoughts were all fixed on that one spot of Pemberley House, whichever it might be, where Mr. Darcy then was. She longed to know what at the moment was passing in his mind-in what manner he thought of her, and whether, in defiance of everything, she was still dear to him. Perhaps he had been civil only because he felt himself at ease; yet there had been that in his voice which was not like ease. Whether he had felt more of pain or of pleasure in seeing her she could not tell, but he certainly had not seen her with composure.
nobler - plus noble, noble, aristocrate, aristocratique
mechanically - mécaniquement
appeals - des appels, en appeler (a), supplier
At length, however, the remarks of her companions on her absence of mind aroused her, and she felt the necessity of appearing more like herself.
aroused - excité, émoustiller, exciter
They entered the woods, and bidding adieu to the river for a while, ascended some of the higher grounds; when, in spots where the opening of the trees gave the eye power to wander, were many charming views of the valley, the opposite hills, with the long range of woods overspreading many, and occasionally part of the stream. Mr.
spots - taches, tache, bouton, peu, endroit, zone, détecter, trouver
wander - errer, vaguer, divaguer
Gardiner expressed a wish of going round the whole park, but feared it might be beyond a walk. With a triumphant smile they were told that it was ten miles round. It settled the matter; and they pursued the accustomed circuit; which brought them again, after some time, in a descent among hanging woods, to the edge of the water, and one of its narrowest parts.
going round - Aller autour
triumphant - triomphant, triomphal
accustomed - habitué, accoutumer
circuit - circuit
hanging - suspension, (hang) suspension
They crossed it by a simple bridge, in character with the general air of the scene; it was a spot less adorned than any they had yet visited; and the valley, here contracted into a glen, allowed room only for the stream, and a narrow walk amidst the rough coppice-wood which bordered it.
glen - glen, vallon
rough - rude, rugueux, brut, approximatif, difficile, brutal, ébaucher
coppice - taillis, boqueteau, rejeter de souche
Elizabeth longed to explore its windings; but when they had crossed the bridge, and perceived their distance from the house, Mrs. Gardiner, who was not a great walker, could go no farther, and thought only of returning to the carriage as quickly as possible.
explore - explorer
Her niece was, therefore, obliged to submit, and they took their way towards the house on the opposite side of the river, in the nearest direction; but their progress was slow, for Mr.
submit - se soumettre
Gardiner, though seldom able to indulge the taste, was very fond of fishing, and was so much engaged in watching the occasional appearance of some trout in the water, and talking to the man about them, that he advanced but little. Whilst wandering on in this slow manner, they were again surprised, and Elizabeth's astonishment was quite equal to what it had been at first, by the sight of Mr.
trout - truite
Darcy approaching them, and at no great distance. The walk here being here less sheltered than on the other side, allowed them to see him before they met. Elizabeth, however astonished, was at least more prepared for an interview than before, and resolved to appear and to speak with calmness, if he really intended to meet them.
For a few moments, indeed, she felt that he would probably strike into some other path. The idea lasted while a turning in the walk concealed him from their view; the turning past, he was immediately before them.
turning in - de se transformer
With a glance, she saw that he had lost none of his recent civility; and, to imitate his politeness, she began, as they met, to admire the beauty of the place; but she had not got beyond the words "delightful," and "charming," when some unlucky recollections obtruded, and she fancied that praise of Pemberley from her might be mischievously construed. Her colour changed, and she said no more.
imitate - imiter
mischievously - malicieusement
construed - interprété, expliquer, comprendre
Mrs. Gardiner was standing a little behind; and on her pausing, he asked her if she would do him the honour of introducing him to her friends. This was a stroke of civility for which she was quite unprepared; and she could hardly suppress a smile at his being now seeking the acquaintance of some of those very people against whom his pride had revolted in his offer to herself.
revolted - révoltés, révolter
"What will be his surprise," thought she, "when he knows who they are? He takes them now for people of fashion."
The introduction, however, was immediately made; and as she named their relationship to herself, she stole a sly look at him, to see how he bore it, and was not without the expectation of his decamping as fast as he could from such disgraceful companions.
sly - sly, sournois, malin, rusé, matois, espiegle
decamping - décamper, rench: -neededr
That he was surprised by the connection was evident; he sustained it, however, with fortitude, and so far from going away, turned back with them, and entered into conversation with Mr. Gardiner. Elizabeth could not but be pleased, could not but triumph. It was consoling that he should know she had some relations for whom there was no need to blush.
sustained - soutenue, maintenir, subvenir
fortitude - la force d'âme, fortitude
She listened most attentively to all that passed between them, and gloried in every expression, every sentence of her uncle, which marked his intelligence, his taste, or his good manners.
gloried - glorifié, gloire
The conversation soon turned upon fishing; and she heard Mr. Darcy invite him, with the greatest civility, to fish there as often as he chose while he continued in the neighbourhood, offering at the same time to supply him with fishing tackle, and pointing out those parts of the stream where there was usually most sport. Mrs.
fishing tackle - du matériel de peche
Gardiner, who was walking arm-in-arm with Elizabeth, gave her a look expressive of wonder. Elizabeth said nothing, but it gratified her exceedingly; the compliment must be all for herself. Her astonishment, however, was extreme, and continually was she repeating, "Why is he so altered? From what can it proceed? It cannot be for me-it cannot be for my sake that his manners are thus softened.
My reproofs at Hunsford could not work such a change as this. It is impossible that he should still love me."
reproofs - des reproches, réprimande, reproche
After walking some time in this way, the two ladies in front, the two gentlemen behind, on resuming their places, after descending to the brink of the river for the better inspection of some curious water-plant, there chanced to be a little alteration. It originated in Mrs.
resuming - la reprise, reprendre
brink - au bord du gouffre, bord, lisiere
originated - d'origine, instituer, prendre sa source
Gardiner, who, fatigued by the exercise of the morning, found Elizabeth's arm inadequate to her support, and consequently preferred her husband's. Mr. Darcy took her place by her niece, and they walked on together. After a short silence, the lady first spoke.
inadequate - inadéquate, inadéquat
She wished him to know that she had been assured of his absence before she came to the place, and accordingly began by observing, that his arrival had been very unexpected-"for your housekeeper," she added, "informed us that you would certainly not be here till to-morrow; and indeed, before we left Bakewell, we understood that you were not immediately expected in the country.
" He acknowledged the truth of it all, and said that business with his steward had occasioned his coming forward a few hours before the rest of the party with whom he had been travelling. "They will join me early to-morrow," he continued, "and among them are some who will claim an acquaintance with you-Mr. Bingley and his sisters."
Elizabeth answered only by a slight bow. Her thoughts were instantly driven back to the time when Mr. Bingley's name had been the last mentioned between them; and, if she might judge by his complexion, his mind was not very differently engaged.
driven back - reconduit
"There is also one other person in the party," he continued after a pause, "who more particularly wishes to be known to you. Will you allow me, or do I ask too much, to introduce my sister to your acquaintance during your stay at Lambton?"
The surprise of such an application was great indeed; it was too great for her to know in what manner she acceded to it. She immediately felt that whatever desire Miss Darcy might have of being acquainted with her must be the work of her brother, and, without looking farther, it was satisfactory; it was gratifying to know that his resentment had not made him think really ill of her.
They now walked on in silence, each of them deep in thought. Elizabeth was not comfortable; that was impossible; but she was flattered and pleased. His wish of introducing his sister to her was a compliment of the highest kind. They soon outstripped the others, and when they had reached the carriage, Mr. and Mrs. Gardiner were half a quarter of a mile behind.
outstripped - dépassé, devancer
He then asked her to walk into the house-but she declared herself not tired, and they stood together on the lawn. At such a time much might have been said, and silence was very awkward. She wanted to talk, but there seemed to be an embargo on every subject. At last she recollected that she had been travelling, and they talked of Matlock and Dove Dale with great perseverance.
stood together - se tenir ensemble
lawn - pelouse, gazon, gazer
embargo - embargo
dove - colombe, pigeon, (dive) colombe
Yet time and her aunt moved slowly-and her patience and her ideas were nearly worn out before the tete-a-tete was over. On Mr. and Mrs. Gardiner's coming up they were all pressed to go into the house and take some refreshment; but this was declined, and they parted on each side with utmost politeness. Mr.
Darcy handed the ladies into the carriage; and when it drove off, Elizabeth saw him walking slowly towards the house.
The observations of her uncle and aunt now began; and each of them pronounced him to be infinitely superior to anything they had expected. "He is perfectly well behaved, polite, and unassuming," said her uncle.
"There is something a little stately in him, to be sure," replied her aunt, "but it is confined to his air, and is not unbecoming. I can now say with the housekeeper, that though some people may call him proud, I have seen nothing of it."
unbecoming - inconvenante
"I was never more surprised than by his behaviour to us. It was more than civil; it was really attentive; and there was no necessity for such attention. His acquaintance with Elizabeth was very trifling."
"To be sure, Lizzy," said her aunt, "he is not so handsome as Wickham; or, rather, he has not Wickham's countenance, for his features are perfectly good. But how came you to tell me that he was so disagreeable?"
Elizabeth excused herself as well as she could; said that she had liked him better when they had met in Kent than before, and that she had never seen him so pleasant as this morning.
"But perhaps he may be a little whimsical in his civilities," replied her uncle. "Your great men often are; and therefore I shall not take him at his word, as he might change his mind another day, and warn me off his grounds."
whimsical - fantaisiste, capricieux, étrange, drôle, amusant
Elizabeth felt that they had entirely misunderstood his character, but said nothing.
misunderstood - incompris, mal interpréter, méprendre, mécomprendre
"From what we have seen of him," continued Mrs. Gardiner, "I really should not have thought that he could have behaved in so cruel a way by anybody as he has done by poor Wickham. He has not an ill-natured look. On the contrary, there is something pleasing about his mouth when he speaks. And there is something of dignity in his countenance that would not give one an unfavourable idea of his heart.
unfavourable - défavorable
But, to be sure, the good lady who showed us his house did give him a most flaming character! I could hardly help laughing aloud sometimes. But he is a liberal master, I suppose, and that in the eye of a servant comprehends every virtue."
flaming - flammes, enflammé, flambant, (flame), flamme, polémique
comprehends - comprend, comprendre
Elizabeth here felt herself called on to say something in vindication of his behaviour to Wickham; and therefore gave them to understand, in as guarded a manner as she could, that by what she had heard from his relations in Kent, his actions were capable of a very different construction; and that his character was by no means so faulty, nor Wickham's so amiable, as they had been considered in Hertfordshire. In confirmation of this, she related the particulars of all the pecuniary transactions in which they had been connected, without actually naming her authority, but stating it to be such as might be relied on.
construction - construction
faulty - défectueux
relied - s'est appuyé, compter sur
Mrs. Gardiner was surprised and concerned; but as they were now approaching the scene of her former pleasures, every idea gave way to the charm of recollection; and she was too much engaged in pointing out to her husband all the interesting spots in its environs to think of anything else.
Fatigued as she had been by the morning's walk they had no sooner dined than she set off again in quest of her former acquaintance, and the evening was spent in the satisfactions of a intercourse renewed after many years'discontinuance.
satisfactions - des satisfactions, satisfaction
discontinuance - la cessation d'activité
The occurrences of the day were too full of interest to leave Elizabeth much attention for any of these new friends; and she could do nothing but think, and think with wonder, of Mr. Darcy's civility, and, above all, of his wishing her to be acquainted with his sister.
be acquainted with - etre au courand de
Elizabeth had settled it that Mr. Darcy would bring his sister to visit her the very day after her reaching Pemberley; and was consequently resolved not to be out of sight of the inn the whole of that morning. But her conclusion was false; for on the very morning after their arrival at Lambton, these visitors came.
They had been walking about the place with some of their new friends, and were just returning to the inn to dress themselves for dining with the same family, when the sound of a carriage drew them to a window, and they saw a gentleman and a lady in a curricle driving up the street.
curricle - curricle
Elizabeth immediately recognizing the livery, guessed what it meant, and imparted no small degree of her surprise to her relations by acquainting them with the honour which she expected.
livery - la livrée
imparted - transmis, donner, communiquer, transmettre
Her uncle and aunt were all amazement; and the embarrassment of her manner as she spoke, joined to the circumstance itself, and many of the circumstances of the preceding day, opened to them a new idea on the business.
Nothing had ever suggested it before, but they felt that there was no other way of accounting for such attentions from such a quarter than by supposing a partiality for their niece. While these newly-born notions were passing in their heads, the perturbation of Elizabeth's feelings was at every moment increasing.
newly - nouvellement, récemment
She was quite amazed at her own discomposure; but amongst other causes of disquiet, she dreaded lest the partiality of the brother should have said too much in her favour; and, more than commonly anxious to please, she naturally suspected that every power of pleasing would fail her.
commonly - communément, fréquemment
She retreated from the window, fearful of being seen; and as she walked up and down the room, endeavouring to compose herself, saw such looks of inquiring surprise in her uncle and aunt as made everything worse.
retreated - s'est retirée, battre en retraite
Miss Darcy and her brother appeared, and this formidable introduction took place. With astonishment did Elizabeth see that her new acquaintance was at least as much embarrassed as herself. Since her being at Lambton, she had heard that Miss Darcy was exceedingly proud; but the observation of a very few minutes convinced her that she was only exceedingly shy.
Shy - timide, gené, prudent, embarrassé
She found it difficult to obtain even a word from her beyond a monosyllable.
obtain - obtenir, se procurer, réussir, avoir succes, s'établir
monosyllable - monosyllabe
Miss Darcy was tall, and on a larger scale than Elizabeth; and, though little more than sixteen, her figure was formed, and her appearance womanly and graceful. She was less handsome than her brother; but there was sense and good humour in her face, and her manners were perfectly unassuming and gentle. Elizabeth, who had expected to find in her as acute and unembarrassed an observer as ever Mr.
scale - échelle, escaladez, escalader, escaladent, gravir, bareme
womanly - féminine, féminin
graceful - gracieux
acute - aigu, aiguë
unembarrassed - sans gene