Chapter - chapitre, branche, section

Scandal - scandale, esclandre

Bohemia - bohemia; ; Boheme


To Sherlock Holmes she is always the woman. I have seldom heard him mention her under any other name. In his eyes she eclipses and predominates the whole of her sex. It was not that he felt any emotion akin to love for Irene Adler. All emotions, and that one particularly, were abhorrent to his cold, precise but admirably balanced mind. He was, I take it, the most perfect reasoning and observing machine that the world has seen, but as a lover he would have placed himself in a false position. He never spoke of the softer passions, save with a gibe and a sneer. They were admirable things for the observer-excellent for drawing the veil from men’s motives and actions. But for the trained reasoner to admit such intrusions into his own delicate and finely adjusted temperament was to introduce a distracting factor which might throw a doubt upon all his mental results.

seldom - rarement

eclipses - éclipses; éclipse, éclipser, éclipser

sex - le sexe; sexe

akin - apparenté, analogue

emotions - des émotions; émotion

particularly - en particulier

abhorrent - odieux

precise - précis, préciser

admirably - admirablement

balanced - équilibré; contrepoids, équilibre, solde, solde, balancier

most perfect - le plus parfait

observing - l'observation; observer, remarquer, respecter, observer, garder

lover - amante, amant, maîtresse

passions - passions; passion, Passion

gibe - gibe

sneer - ricaner

admirable - admirable

observer - observateur

veil - voile, voiler

motives - motivations; motif, mobile, theme, motif, motif, motiver

reasoner - raisonneur

admit - admettre, avouer, reconnaître

intrusions - intrusions; intrusion

delicate - délicate; ; délicat, délicat (1, 2)

finely - finement

adjusted - ajustée; ajuster, ajuster, ajuster

temperament - tempérament

distracting - distrayant; distraire

doubt - des doutes; ; douter, doute

upon - sur, a

mental - mentale; affectif, mental

Grit in a sensitive instrument, or a crack in one of his own high-power lenses, would not be more disturbing than a strong emotion in a nature such as his. And yet there was but one woman to him, and that woman was the late Irene Adler, of dubious and questionable memory.

Grit - le courage; gravier

sensitive - sensible

crack - crack; croustiller, fissure, craquement, fracas, craquer

lenses - lentilles; lentille, lentille, lentille, lentille, cristallin

disturbing - dérangeant; déranger, perturber, gener, perturber, déranger

emotion - l'émotion; ; émotion

dubious - douteux, dubitatif, louche, sceptique

questionable - douteux

I had seen little of Holmes lately. My marriage had drifted us away from each other. My own complete happiness, and the home-centred interests which rise up around the man who first finds himself master of his own establishment, were sufficient to absorb all my attention, while Holmes, who loathed every form of society with his whole Bohemian soul, remained in our lodgings in Baker Street, buried among his old books, and alternating from week to week between cocaine and ambition, the drowsiness of the drug, and the fierce energy of his own keen nature. He was still, as ever, deeply attracted by the study of crime, and occupied his immense faculties and extraordinary powers of observation in following out those clues, and clearing up those mysteries which had been abandoned as hopeless by the official police.

lately - dernierement

marriage - mariage, noces

drifted - a la dérive; dérive, dériver, errer, dévier

Happiness - le bonheur; ; bonheur

Master - maître; patron, maîtriser, maître, maitre, maîtrisent

establishment - établissement, systeme, classe dirigeante, establishment

sufficient - suffisante; ; suffisant

absorb - absorber, éponger

loathed - détesté; exécrer, détester, hair

soul - âme; âme

remained - est restée; reste, rester, demeurer, rester

lodgings - logements; logement, hébergement, verse

Baker - baker; boulanger, boulangere

buried - enterré; enterrer

alternating - en alternance; alternatif, alternative, alterner

cocaine - cocaine; ; cocaine

Ambition - l'ambition; ; ambition, ambition (1-5)

drowsiness - somnolence, assoupissement, torpeur

fierce - féroce

keen - enthousiaste; désireux, poivré, vif

deeply - profondément

attracted - attiré; attirer, attirer

occupied - occupée; occuper, occuper, occuper, occuper, habiter, occuper

immense - immense

faculties - facultés; faculté

extraordinary - extraordinaire

observation - observation, remarque

clues - indices; indice, indice, piste, idée, informer

clearing up - qui s'éclaircissent

mysteries - mysteres; mystere

abandoned - abandonnée; abandonner

hopeless - sans espoir; ; désespéré

official - officielle; ; officiel, cadre, fonctionnaire

From time to time I heard some vague account of his doings: of his summons to Odessa in the case of the Trepoff murder, of his clearing up of the singular tragedy of the Atkinson brothers at Trincomalee, and finally of the mission which he had accomplished so delicately and successfully for the reigning family of Holland. Beyond these signs of his activity, however, which I merely shared with all the readers of the daily press, I knew little of my former friend and companion.

vague - vague

account - compte; supputation, demande, compte

summons - convoque, convocation; (summon) convoque, convocation

Odessa - odessa; Odessa

murder - meurtre, homicide, assassinat, occire

singular - singulier, singulier

tragedy - tragédie

mission - mission

accomplished - accompli; accomplir, accomplir, accomplir

delicately - délicatement

successfully - avec succes

reigning - régnant; regne, regne, régner

beyond - au-dela; ; au-dela, par-dela

merely - simplement, uniquement, seulement

daily press - la presse quotidienne

former - ancien; ancienne, ancien, ci devant

companion - compagnon, compagne

One night-it was on the twentieth of March, 1888-I was returning from a journey to a patient (for I had now returned to civil practice), when my way led me through Baker Street. As I passed the well-remembered door, which must always be associated in my mind with my wooing, and with the dark incidents of the Study in Scarlet, I was seized with a keen desire to see Holmes again, and to know how he was employing his extraordinary powers. His rooms were brilliantly lit, and, even as I looked up, I saw his tall, spare figure pass twice in a dark silhouette against the blind.

twentieth - vingtieme; ; vingtieme, vingtieme

civil - civile; ; civil

led - dirigé; ; DEL, LED; (lead) dirigé; ; DEL, LED

associated - associés; fréquenter, associer

wooing - courtiser; (woo) courtiser

Incidents - incidents; incident, incident, frait-divers, fr

scarlet - écarlate

seized with - saisi

desire - désirer, désir

spare - de rechange; épargner, loisirs, économiser

silhouette - silhouette

blind - aveugle, mal-voyant, mal-voyante, store, blind, aveugler

He was pacing the room swiftly, eagerly, with his head sunk upon his chest and his hands clasped behind him. To me, who knew his every mood and habit, his attitude and manner told their own story. He was at work again. He had risen out of his drug-created dreams and was hot upon the scent of some new problem. I rang the bell and was shown up to the chamber which had formerly been in part my own.

pacing - le rythme; pas

eagerly - avec empressement; ; avidement

sunk - coulé; enfoncés, enfoncé, enfoncées, enfoncée

chest - poitrine; sein, poitrine, commode, coffre

clasped - serré; fermoir, serrer

mood - l'humeur; humeur, changeant, ambiance, diapason

attitude - posture, état d'esprit, attitude

scent - parfum; ; odeur, odorat, sentir

bell - cloche; sonnette, cloche

shown up - s'est montré

chamber - chambre, piece, salle

Formerly - auparavant, autrefois, anciennement

His manner was not effusive. It seldom was; but he was glad, I think, to see me. With hardly a word spoken, but with a kindly eye, he waved me to an armchair, threw across his case of cigars, and indicated a spirit case and a gasogene in the corner. Then he stood before the fire and looked me over in his singular introspective fashion.

effusive - effusif

Glad - heureux; heureuse

hardly - a peine; ; dur, durement, guere, a peine

armchair - fauteuil, chaise bourrée

cigars - des cigares; cigare

indicated - indiqué; indiquer, signaler, indiquer

spirit - l'esprit; ; esprit, moral, élan, spiritueux

gasogene - gazogene

introspective - introspectif

"Wedlock suits you," he remarked. "I think, Watson, that you have put on seven and a half pounds since I saw you."

Wedlock - mariage; mariage

remarked - remarqué; remarque

"Seven!" I answered.

"Indeed, I should have thought a little more. Just a trifle more, I fancy, Watson. And in practice again, I observe. You did not tell me that you intended to go into harness."

indeed - certainement, vraiment, en effet, bien sur, certes

trifle - bagatelle, broutille, babiole, bricole

fancy - fantaisie; imaginer, songer

observe - observer, remarquer, respecter, garder

intended - prévu; ; planifié, voulu; (intend); avoir l'intention

harness - harnais, harnacher

"Then, how do you know?"

"I see it, I deduce it. How do I know that you have been getting yourself very wet lately, and that you have a most clumsy and careless servant girl?"

deduce - déduire

clumsy - empoté, gauche, lourd, maladroit

careless - négligent, étourdi, distrait

servant - serviteur, domestique, servante, checkserviteur

"My dear Holmes," said I, "this is too much. You would certainly have been burned, had you lived a few centuries ago. It is true that I had a country walk on Thursday and came home in a dreadful mess, but as I have changed my clothes I can’t imagine how you deduce it. As to Mary Jane, she is incorrigible, and my wife has given her notice, but there, again, I fail to see how you work it out."

dreadful - épouvantable; ; redoutable, affreux, terrible

mess - le désordre; purée, fouillis, bouillie

Mary - marie; Marie, Marie

Jane - jane; Jeanne

incorrigible - incorrigible, incorrigible

He chuckled to himself and rubbed his long, nervous hands together.

chuckled - ricané; glousser

rubbed - frotté; friction, hic, frotter, frotter, frotter, polir

"It is simplicity itself," said he; "my eyes tell me that on the inside of your left shoe, just where the firelight strikes it, the leather is scored by six almost parallel cuts. Obviously they have been caused by someone who has very carelessly scraped round the edges of the sole in order to remove crusted mud from it. Hence, you see, my double deduction that you had been out in vile weather, and that you had a particularly malignant boot-slitting specimen of the London slavey.

simplicity - la simplicité; ; simplicité

firelight - la lumiere du feu

strikes - greves; biffer, rayer, barrer, frapper, battre, frapper

leather - cuir, de cuir

parallel - parallele; ; parallele, parallele a, parallelement, parallele

Obviously - clairement, évidemment

carelessly - négligemment

scraped - grattée; gratter, racler, effleurer

edges - des bords; bord, côté, arete, carre, bord, arete

sole - unique; seul, semelle, plante, sole

crusted - en croute; croute, croute, croute, écorce

mud - de la boue; boue, bourbe, vase

hence - d'ou; ; d'ici, ainsi, donc, d'ou

deduction - déduction

vile - vil

malignant - maligne; ; malin, malveillant

slitting - la fente; fente, vulve

specimen - spécimen, exemple

slavey - slavey

As to your practice, if a gentleman walks into my rooms smelling of iodoform, with a black mark of nitrate of silver upon his right forefinger, and a bulge on the right side of his top-hat to show where he has secreted his stethoscope, I must be dull, indeed, if I do not pronounce him to be an active member of the medical profession."

gentleman - gentilhomme, monsieur, messieurs

iodoform - iodoforme

nitrate - nitrate, azotate, nitrater

forefinger - l'index; ; index

bulge - gonflement; ; bombement, bosse, protubérance, bomber, déformer

stethoscope - stéthoscope

dull - émoussé, ennuyeux, barbant, mat, terne, sot, obtus

medical profession - la profession médicale

I could not help laughing at the ease with which he explained his process of deduction. "When I hear you give your reasons," I remarked, "the thing always appears to me to be so ridiculously simple that I could easily do it myself, though at each successive instance of your reasoning I am baffled until you explain your process. And yet I believe that my eyes are as good as yours."

ease - l'aisance; ; facilité, repos, abaisser, abréger, amoindrir

ridiculously - ridiculement

though - mais; ; néanmoins, cependant, malgré, bien que

successive - successifs

instance - instance

baffled - déconcerté; déconcerter, dérouter

"Quite so," he answered, lighting a cigarette, and throwing himself down into an armchair. "You see, but you do not observe. The distinction is clear. For example, you have frequently seen the steps which lead up from the hall to this room."

distinction - distinction, différence

frequently - fréquemment

lead - du plomb


"How often?"

"Well, some hundreds of times."

"Then how many are there?"

"How many? I don’t know."

"Quite so! You have not observed. And yet you have seen. That is just my point. Now, I know that there are seventeen steps, because I have both seen and observed. By the way, since you are interested in these little problems, and since you are good enough to chronicle one or two of my trifling experiences, you may be interested in this.

observed - observée; observer, remarquer, respecter, observer, garder

chronicle - chronique

trifling - insignifiant; ; futile; (trifle); bagatelle, broutille, babiole

He threw over a sheet of thick, pink-tinted notepaper which had been lying open upon the table. "It came by the last post," said he. "Read it aloud."

tinted - teinté; nuance, teinte

notepaper - papier a lettres

aloud - a haute voix; ; a voix haute, a haute voix, fort

The note was undated, and without either signature or address.

undated - sans date

signature - signature

"There will call upon you to-night, at a quarter to eight o’clock," it said, "a gentleman who desires to consult you upon a matter of the very deepest moment. Your recent services to one of the royal houses of Europe have shown that you are one who may safely be trusted with matters which are of an importance which can hardly be exaggerated.

desires - désirs; désirer, désirer, désir, désir, désir

consult - consulter

Royal - royal, royale, trochure, cacatois

safely - prudemment, en toute sécurité

trusted - de confiance; confiance, trust, confiance, faire confiance

importance - importance

exaggerated - exagéré; exagérer, outrer

This account of you we have from all quarters received. Be in your chamber then at that hour, and do not take it amiss if your visitor wear a mask."

mask - masque; masque

"This is indeed a mystery," I remarked. "What do you imagine that it means?"

mystery - mystere; ; mystere

"I have no data yet. It is a capital mistake to theorise before one has data. Insensibly one begins to twist facts to suit theories, instead of theories to suit facts. But the note itself. What do you deduce from it?"

theorise - théoriser

twist - twist, torsion, entortiller, tordre

theories - théories; théorie, théorie, théorie

I carefully examined the writing, and the paper upon which it was written.

examined - examinés; examiner, examiner

"The man who wrote it was presumably well to do," I remarked, endeavouring to imitate my companion’s processes. "Such paper could not be bought under half a crown a packet. It is peculiarly strong and stiff."

presumably - vraisemblablement

endeavouring - s'efforcer; s''efforcer (de)

imitate - imiter

crown - couronne; couronner, couronne

packet - paquet, colis

peculiarly - de façon particuliere

stiff - rigide, raide, macchabée

"Peculiar-that is the very word," said Holmes. "It is not an English paper at all. Hold it up to the light."

peculiar - particulier, extraordinaire, bizarre, curieux

I did so, and saw a large "E" with a small "g," a "P," and a large "G" with a small "t" woven into the texture of the paper.

woven - tissé; (weave); tissé

texture - texture, texture

"What do you make of that?" asked Holmes.

"The name of the maker, no doubt; or his monogram, rather."

Maker - le fabricant; ; faiseur, fabricant, créateur

monogram - monogramme; monogramme

"Not at all. The ‘G’ with the small ‘t’ stands for ‘Gesellschaft,’ which is the German for ‘Company.’ It is a customary contraction like our ‘Co.’ ‘P,’ of course, stands for ‘Papier.’ Now for the ‘Eg.’ Let us glance at our Continental Gazetteer." He took down a heavy brown volume from his shelves. "Eglow, Eglonitz-here we are, Egria. It is in a German-speaking country-in Bohemia, not far from Carlsbad. ‘Remarkable as being the scene of the death of Wallenstein, and for its numerous glass-factories and paper-mills.’ Ha, ha, my boy, what do you make of that?

Gesellschaft - gesellschaft

German - Allemand, Allemande, Germain, Germaine

customary - coutumier, habituel, d'usage

contraction - contraction

glance - regard; ; jeter un coup d’oil

Continental - continental

Gazetteer - gazette; index géographique

volume - volume, tome

shelves - étageres; rayon, étagere, tablard, étagere, rayonnage

remarkable - remarquable

numerous - nombreux

mills - moulins; moulin

His eyes sparkled, and he sent up a great blue triumphant cloud from his cigarette.

sparkled - étincelait; étincellement

triumphant - triomphant; ; triomphal

"The paper was made in Bohemia," I said.

"Precisely. And the man who wrote the note is a German. Do you note the peculiar construction of the sentence-‘This account of you we have from all quarters received.’ A Frenchman or Russian could not have written that. It is the German who is so uncourteous to his verbs.

precisely - précisément

construction - construction

Russian - russe, ruthénien, langue russe, langue de Tolstoi

uncourteous - peu courtois(e)

verbs - verbes; verbe

It only remains, therefore, to discover what is wanted by this German who writes upon Bohemian paper and prefers wearing a mask to showing his face. And here he comes, if I am not mistaken, to resolve all our doubts."

remains - reste; reste, rester, demeurer, rester

therefore - par conséquent, en conséquence, donc, pour ça

resolve - résoudre; résolvons, résolvent, résolvez

doubts - des doutes; douter, doute

As he spoke there was the sharp sound of horses’ hoofs and grating wheels against the curb, followed by a sharp pull at the bell. Holmes whistled.

sharp - pointu; ; affilé, coupant, affuté, tranchant

hoofs - sabots; sabot

grating - grinçant; ; grille; (grate) grinçant; ; grille

curb - de la bordure; ; restreindre, endiguer

whistled - sifflé; sifflet, siffler, sifflet, sifflement, sifflements-p

"A pair, by the sound," said he. "Yes," he continued, glancing out of the window. "A nice little brougham and a pair of beauties. A hundred and fifty guineas apiece. There’s money in this case, Watson, if there is nothing else."

glancing - un coup d'oil; (glance); jeter un coup d’oil

brougham - brougham

beauties - des beautés; beauté, beauté, beauté

guineas - guinées; Guinée

apiece - chacun, chacune

"I think that I had better go, Holmes."

"Not a bit, Doctor. Stay where you are. I am lost without my Boswell. And this promises to be interesting. It would be a pity to miss it."

pity - compassion, pitié, dommage, honte, plaindre, avoir pitié de

"But your client-"

client - client, cliente

"Never mind him. I may want your help, and so may he. Here he comes. Sit down in that armchair, Doctor, and give us your best attention."

A slow and heavy step, which had been heard upon the stairs and in the passage, paused immediately outside the door. Then there was a loud and authoritative tap.

passage - passage; corridoir, passage, couloir

paused - en pause; pauser, pause

authoritative - qui fait autorité

tap - robinet; robinet, forer, toucher, rencontrer

"Come in!" said Holmes.

A man entered who could hardly have been less than six feet six inches in height, with the chest and limbs of a Hercules. His dress was rich with a richness which would, in England, be looked upon as akin to bad taste. Heavy bands of astrakhan were slashed across the sleeves and fronts of his double-breasted coat, while the deep blue cloak which was thrown over his shoulders was lined with flame-coloured silk and secured at the neck with a brooch which consisted of a single flaming beryl. Boots which extended halfway up his calves, and which were trimmed at the tops with rich brown fur, completed the impression of barbaric opulence which was suggested by his whole appearance.

inches - pouces; pouce

limbs - membres; membre

Hercules - hercule; Hercule, Hercule

richness - richesse

astrakhan - astrakan

slashed - tailladé; taillader

sleeves - manches; manche, chemise (inner), gaine (outer), manchon

breasted - seins; sein, poitrine, poitrine, poitrine, cour, poitrine

deep blue - bleu foncé

cloak - cape; ; pelisse, pelerine

thrown over - jeté

flame - flamme, polémique

silk - soie

secured - sécurisé; sur, sur, sur, sur, sur, sur, sécuriser

brooch - broche

consisted - consisté; consister (en)

flaming - flammes; ; enflammé, flambant; (flame); flamme, polémique

beryl - béryl; béryl

extended - étendu; étendre, prolonger

halfway - a mi-chemin; ; mi-chemin

calves - veaux; veler, mettre bas, aider le velage, mettre bas

trimmed - rognée; tailler, compenser, compensation, compensateur, assiette

fur - fourrure; peau, fourrure

impression - impression

barbaric - barbare

He carried a broad-brimmed hat in his hand, while he wore across the upper part of his face, extending down past the cheekbones, a black vizard mask, which he had apparently adjusted that very moment, for his hand was still raised to it as he entered. From the lower part of the face he appeared to be a man of strong character, with a thick, hanging lip, and a long, straight chin suggestive of resolution pushed to the length of obstinacy.

broad - large; large

brimmed - a rebord; bord

extending - s'étendant; étendre, prolonger

cheekbones - pommettes; pommette, zygoma

vizard - vizard

apparently - apparemment, évidemment, en apparence

lower part - la partie inférieure

hanging - suspension; (hang) suspension

lip - levre; ; levre

chin - menton; menton

suggestive - suggestif

resolution - conviction, résolution, détermination

Length - longueur, durée

obstinacy - l'obstination; ; entetement, obstination

"You had my note?" he asked with a deep harsh voice and a strongly marked German accent. "I told you that I would call." He looked from one to the other of us, as if uncertain which to address.

harsh - sévere; ; sévere, rude, cruel, dur, checkdure

strongly - fort, fortement

accent - accent; emphase, souligner, accentuer, accent

uncertain - incertaine

"Pray take a seat," said Holmes. "This is my friend and colleague, Dr. Watson, who is occasionally good enough to help me in my cases. Whom have I the honour to address?"

Pray - prier; prions, priez, prient

Occasionally - occasionnellement

whom - que, qui

honour - l'honneur; honorer

"You may address me as the Count Von Kramm, a Bohemian nobleman. I understand that this gentleman, your friend, is a man of honour and discretion, whom I may trust with a matter of the most extreme importance. If not, I should much prefer to communicate with you alone."

nobleman - noble

discretion - discrétion

trust - confiance, trust, faire confiance, avoir foi en quelqu’un

I rose to go, but Holmes caught me by the wrist and pushed me back into my chair. "It is both, or none," said he. "You may say before this gentleman anything which you may say to me."

wrist - poignet

The Count shrugged his broad shoulders. "Then I must begin," said he, "by binding you both to absolute secrecy for two years; at the end of that time the matter will be of no importance. At present it is not too much to say that it is of such weight it may have an influence upon European history."

shrugged - haussé les épaules; haussement d'épaules, hausser les épaules

binding - contraignante; ; contraignant, reliure, liaison; (bind); lier

absolute - absolue; ; absolu, absolu

secrecy - le secret; ; secret, secrétisme

influence - influence, influencer, influer

"I promise," said Holmes.

"And I."

"You will excuse this mask," continued our strange visitor. "The august person who employs me wishes his agent to be unknown to you, and I may confess at once that the title by which I have just called myself is not exactly my own."

Excuse - pardon; ; excuser, pardonner, justifier, prétexte, excuse

agent - agent, espion, complément d'agent

unknown - inconnu, inconnue, inconnu

confess - avouer, confesser

"I was aware of it," said Holmes dryly.

aware - conscient; ; attentif, vigilant, en éveil, en alerte

"The circumstances are of great delicacy, and every precaution has to be taken to quench what might grow to be an immense scandal and seriously compromise one of the reigning families of Europe. To speak plainly, the matter implicates the great House of Ormstein, hereditary kings of Bohemia."

circumstances - circonstances; circonstance

delicacy - délicatesse, gourmandise

precaution - précaution

quench - apaiser, étancher, rassasier, désaltérer, éteindre, tremper

seriously - sérieusement, gravement, sérieux

compromise - compromis, concession, compromettre

plainly - en toute clarté; ; simplement, clairement

implicates - implique; impliquer, impliquer

hereditary - héréditaire

"I was also aware of that," murmured Holmes, settling himself down in his armchair and closing his eyes.

murmured - murmuré; murmure, rumeur, souffle, rumeur, murmure, murmurer

settling - la décantation; ; sédimentation

Our visitor glanced with some apparent surprise at the languid, lounging figure of the man who had been no doubt depicted to him as the most incisive reasoner and most energetic agent in Europe. Holmes slowly reopened his eyes and looked impatiently at his gigantic client.

glanced - a glissé; jeter un coup d’oil, coup d'oil

apparent - apparente; ; apparent, visible, manifeste, criant, évident

languid - langoureux; languissant

lounging - se prélasser; (lounge); salle d'attente, salon

depicted - représenté; représenter, décrire

incisive - incisif

most energetic - le plus énergique

reopened - rouvert; rouvrir, réouvrir, rench: se rouvrir

impatiently - avec impatience

gigantic - gigantesque, colossal

"If your Majesty would condescend to state your case," he remarked, "I should be better able to advise you."

Majesty - majesté

condescend to - de condescendance

advise - conseiller, renseigner

The man sprang from his chair and paced up and down the room in uncontrollable agitation. Then, with a gesture of desperation, he tore the mask from his face and hurled it upon the ground. "You are right," he cried; "I am the King. Why should I attempt to conceal it?"

paced - rythmée; pas

uncontrollable - incontrôlable

agitation - l'agitation; ; agitation

gesture - geste, signe

desperation - le désespoir; ; désespoir

tore - a la déchirure

hurled - lancé; projeter, débecter, débecqueter

attempt - tenter, essayer, tentative, attentat

conceal - dissimuler, cacher

"Why, indeed?" murmured Holmes. "Your Majesty had not spoken before I was aware that I was addressing Wilhelm Gottsreich Sigismond von Ormstein, Grand Duke of Cassel-Felstein, and hereditary King of Bohemia."

grand - grand; grandiose

Duke - duke; ; duc

"But you can understand," said our strange visitor, sitting down once more and passing his hand over his high white forehead, "you can understand that I am not accustomed to doing such business in my own person. Yet the matter was so delicate that I could not confide it to an agent without putting myself in his power. I have come incognito from Prague for the purpose of consulting you."

forehead - front

accustomed - habitué; accoutumer

confide - se confier; ; faire confiance, confier

Prague - prague; Prague

consulting - consultation; concerter

"Then, pray consult," said Holmes, shutting his eyes once more.

"The facts are briefly these: Some five years ago, during a lengthy visit to Warsaw, I made the acquaintance of the well-known adventuress, Irene Adler. The name is no doubt familiar to you."

briefly - brievement; ; brievement, concisément

lengthy - longue; ; long, longuet

Warsaw - varsovie; Varsovie

acquaintance - une connaissance; ; relation

adventuress - aventuriere; ; aventuriere

familiar - familier, esprit familier

"Let me see!" said Holmes. "Hum! Born in New Jersey in the year 1858. Contralto-hum! La Scala, hum! Prima donna Imperial Opera of Warsaw-yes! Retired from operatic stage-ha! Living in London-quite so! Your Majesty, as I understand, became entangled with this young person, wrote her some compromising letters, and is now desirous of getting those letters back."

Hum - hum; ; fredonner, bourdonner, fourmiller

Jersey - jersey, tricot, maillot

Contralto - contralto

Scala - scala

Prima - prima; danseuse étoile

donna - Donna

Imperial - impérial, royal

retired - a la retraite; prendre sa retraite

operatic - opératique

ha - HA

entangled - enchevetrés; intriquer, empetrer, tortiller

compromising - compromettante; compromis, concession, compromettre

desirous - désireux

"Precisely so. But how-"

"Was there a secret marriage?"


"No legal papers or certificates?"

legal - légale; ; juridique, légal

certificates - certificats; document, certificat, diplôme


"Then I fail to follow your Majesty. If this young person should produce her letters for blackmailing or other purposes, how is she to prove their authenticity?"

blackmailing - chantage; chantage, faire du chantage, faire chanter

Prove - prouver; éprouvent, éprouvons, éprouvez, prouvent, prouver

authenticity - l'authenticité; ; authenticité

"There is the writing."

"Pooh, pooh! Forgery."

Forgery - contrefaçon, checkfalsification, checkfaux, checkinvention

"My private note-paper."

private - personnel, personnelle, privé, privé, privée

note-paper - (note-paper) du papier a lettres


"My own seal."

seal - sceau


imitated - imité; imiter

"My photograph."


"We were both in the photograph."

"Oh, dear! That is very bad! Your Majesty has indeed committed an indiscretion."

committed - engagé; confier, commettre, remettre, consigner, commettre

indiscretion - indiscrétion

"I was mad-insane."

mad - fou, folle, fol, fâché, en colere

insane - dérangé, délirant, fou, dément, dérangeant

"You have compromised yourself seriously."

compromised - compromis; compromis, concession, compromettre

"I was only Crown Prince then. I was young. I am but thirty now."

prince - prince

"It must be recovered."

recovered - récupéré; recouvrer (la santé)

"We have tried and failed."

"Your Majesty must pay. It must be bought."

"She will not sell."

"Stolen, then."

"Five attempts have been made. Twice burglars in my pay ransacked her house. Once we diverted her luggage when she travelled. Twice she has been waylaid. There has been no result."

attempts - tentatives; tenter, essayer, tentative, attentat

burglars - des cambrioleurs; cambrioleur, cambrioleuse

ransacked - saccagé; mettre a sac, saccager, fouiller

diverted - détourné; dévier, divertir

luggage - bagages; ; bagage

waylaid - bloqué; comploter

"No sign of it?"

"Absolutely none."

absolutely - absolument

Holmes laughed. "It is quite a pretty little problem," said he.

"But a very serious one to me," returned the King reproachfully.

reproachfully - des reproches

"Very, indeed. And what does she propose to do with the photograph?"

propose - proposer, demander en mariage

"To ruin me."

ruin - la ruine; ruine, ruine, ruine, ruiner, abîmer, foutre en l'air

"But how?"

"I am about to be married."

"So I have heard."

"To Clotilde Lothman von Saxe-Meningen, second daughter of the King of Scandinavia. You may know the strict principles of her family. She is herself the very soul of delicacy. A shadow of a doubt as to my conduct would bring the matter to an end."

Saxe - Saxe

Scandinavia - la scandinavie; ; Scandinavie

strict - stricte; ; strict

principles - principes; principe, principe, principe, principe

shadow - l'ombre; ; ombre, prendre en filature, filer

conduct - comportement, conduite, se comporter, conduire, mener

"And Irene Adler?"

"Threatens to send them the photograph. And she will do it. I know that she will do it. You do not know her, but she has a soul of steel. She has the face of the most beautiful of women, and the mind of the most resolute of men. Rather than I should marry another woman, there are no lengths to which she would not go-none."

Threatens - menace; menacer, menacer

steel - l'acier; acier

resolute - résolu, résolue, ferme, déterminé

lengths - des longueurs; longueur, durée

"You are sure that she has not sent it yet?"

"I am sure."

"And why?"

"Because she has said that she would send it on the day when the betrothal was publicly proclaimed. That will be next Monday."

betrothal - les fiançailles; ; accordailles, fiançailles

publicly - publiquement

proclaimed - proclamé; proclamer, déclarer, proclamer

"Oh, then we have three days yet," said Holmes with a yawn. "That is very fortunate, as I have one or two matters of importance to look into just at present. Your Majesty will, of course, stay in London for the present?"

yawn - bâiller, béer, bâillement

"Certainly. You will find me at the Langham under the name of the Count Von Kramm."

"Then I shall drop you a line to let you know how we progress."

"Pray do so. I shall be all anxiety."

anxiety - l'anxiété; ; anxiété, inquiétude, angoisse

"Then, as to money?"

"You have carte blanche."

carte - carte


"I tell you that I would give one of the provinces of my kingdom to have that photograph."

provinces - provinces; province, qualifier

Kingdom - royaume, regne

"And for present expenses?"

expenses - dépenses; dépense

The King took a heavy chamois leather bag from under his cloak and laid it on the table.

chamois leather - peau de chamois

laid - posé; poser

"There are three hundred pounds in gold and seven hundred in notes," he said.

Holmes scribbled a receipt upon a sheet of his note-book and handed it to him.

scribbled - griffonné; griffonner

receipt - réception, reçu

"And Mademoiselle’s address?" he asked.

Mademoiselle - mademoiselle

"Is Briony Lodge, Serpentine Avenue, St. John’s Wood."

Lodge - cabane, maison du portier, loge, rench: t-needed r, loger

Serpentine - tors

avenue - avenue

Holmes took a note of it. "One other question," said he. "Was the photograph a cabinet?"

cabinet - armoire, cabinet

"It was."

"Then, good-night, your Majesty, and I trust that we shall soon have some good news for you. And good-night, Watson," he added, as the wheels of the royal brougham rolled down the street. "If you will be good enough to call to-morrow afternoon at three o’clock I should like to chat this little matter over with you."

rolled - roulé; rouleau

morrow - lendemain, matin


At three o’clock precisely I was at Baker Street, but Holmes had not yet returned. The landlady informed me that he had left the house shortly after eight o’clock in the morning. I sat down beside the fire, however, with the intention of awaiting him, however long he might be. I was already deeply interested in his inquiry, for, though it was surrounded by none of the grim and strange features which were associated with the two crimes which I have already recorded, still, the nature of the case and the exalted station of his client gave it a character of its own.

landlady - propriétaire

informed - informé; informer, avertir (de)

shortly - dans peu de temps; ; rapidement, brievement

beside - a côté; ; aupres

intention - intention

awaiting - en attente; attendre, s'attendre a, servir, guetter, attendre

inquiry - demande; ; enquete

surrounded - entouré; entourer, enceindre

grim - sinistre; sinistre

Indeed, apart from the nature of the investigation which my friend had on hand, there was something in his masterly grasp of a situation, and his keen, incisive reasoning, which made it a pleasure to me to study his system of work, and to follow the quick, subtle methods by which he disentangled the most inextricable mysteries. So accustomed was I to his invariable success that the very possibility of his failing had ceased to enter into my head.

apart - a part; ; séparé, séparément, a part, en morceaux, en pieces

investigation - enquete; ; investigation

masterly - magistral

grasp - saisir, agripper, comprendre

pleasure - plaisir, volupté, désir

subtle - subtile; ; subtil, délicat, astucieux

disentangled - démelé; (se) démeler

inextricable - inextricable

invariable - invariable

ceased - cessé; cesser, s'arreter, cesser de + ''infinitive''

It was close upon four before the door opened, and a drunken-looking groom, ill-kempt and side-whiskered, with an inflamed face and disreputable clothes, walked into the room. Accustomed as I was to my friend’s amazing powers in the use of disguises, I had to look three times before I was certain that it was indeed he.

drunken - ivre

groom - marié; garçon d''écurie

kempt - soigné

whiskered - moustachu; favoris-p, poil de barbe, moustache, vibrisse

inflamed - enflammée; allumer

disreputable - peu recommandable

disguises - des déguisements; déguisement, déguiser

With a nod he vanished into the bedroom, whence he emerged in five minutes tweed-suited and respectable, as of old. Putting his hands into his pockets, he stretched out his legs in front of the fire and laughed heartily for some minutes.

nod - hochement de tete; ; dodeliner, hocher, hochement

vanished - disparue; disparaître, s'évanouir, s'annuler

whence - pourquoi; ; d'ou

emerged - a émergé; émerger, émerger, sortir, émerger

tweed - tweed

respectable - respectable, convenable

stretched - étiré; étendre, s'étendre, s'étirer, étirement

heartily - chaleureusement

"Well, really!" he cried, and then he choked and laughed again until he was obliged to lie back, limp and helpless, in the chair.

choked - étouffé; suffoquer, étouffer

obliged - obligée; imposer, obliger, rendre service

limp - boiteux; boitez, boitent, boitons, boiter

helpless - sans défense, désemparé

"What is it?"

"It’s quite too funny. I am sure you could never guess how I employed my morning, or what I ended by doing."

"I can’t imagine. I suppose that you have been watching the habits, and perhaps the house, of Miss Irene Adler."

"Quite so; but the sequel was rather unusual. I will tell you, however. I left the house a little after eight o’clock this morning in the character of a groom out of work. There is a wonderful sympathy and freemasonry among horsey men. Be one of them, and you will know all that there is to know. I soon found Briony Lodge. It is a bijou villa, with a garden at the back, but built out in front right up to the road, two stories.

sequel - suite

sympathy - compassion, sympathie, condoléance

freemasonry - la franc-maçonnerie; ; franc-maçonnerie

horsey - chevaux

bijou - bijou

villa - villa

chubb lock to the door. Large sitting-room on the right side, well furnished, with long windows almost to the floor, and those preposterous English window fasteners which a child could open. Behind there was nothing remarkable, save that the passage window could be reached from the top of the coach-house. I walked round it and examined it closely from every point of view, but without noting anything else of interest.

chubb lock - chubb lock

sitting-room - (sitting-room) le salon

furnished - meublé; meubler, fournir, livrer

preposterous - absurde

fasteners - des fixations; fermeture, fermeture, attache

closely - de pres; ; étroitement, pres

"I then lounged down the street and found, as I expected, that there was a mews in a lane which runs down by one wall of the garden. I lent the ostlers a hand in rubbing down their horses, and received in exchange twopence, a glass of half-and-half, two fills of shag tobacco, and as much information as I could desire about Miss Adler, to say nothing of half a dozen other people in the neighbourhood in whom I was not in the least interested, but whose biographies I was compelled to listen to.

lounged - s'est prélassée; salle d'attente, salon

mews - miaulements; (mew) miaulements

lane - chemin

runs down - est en panne

rubbing down - le frottement

Exchange - l'échange; échangent, échangeons, échanger, échangez, échange

Twopence - deux pence

shag - shag

tobacco - le tabac; ; tabac

dozen - douzaine, dizaine

neighbourhood - quartier

biographies - biographies; biographie

compelled - contraint; contraindre, forcer, obliger, contraindre

"And what of Irene Adler?" I asked.

"Oh, she has turned all the men’s heads down in that part. She is the daintiest thing under a bonnet on this planet. So say the Serpentine-mews, to a man. She lives quietly, sings at concerts, drives out at five every day, and returns at seven sharp for dinner. Seldom goes out at other times, except when she sings. Has only one male visitor, but a good deal of him. He is dark, handsome, and dashing, never calls less than once a day, and often twice. He is a Mr. Godfrey Norton, of the Inner Temple.

daintiest - la plus délicate; délicat, mignon

bonnet - bonnet, orth America, casquette, béret, capot

handsome - beau

dashing - fringant; tiret, trait, ta, sprint, soupçon, se précipiter

Temple - le temple; tempe, temple

See the advantages of a cabman as a confidant. They had driven him home a dozen times from Serpentine-mews, and knew all about him. When I had listened to all they had to tell, I began to walk up and down near Briony Lodge once more, and to think over my plan of campaign.

cabman - chauffeur de taxi

confidant - confidente, confident

think over - réfléchir

campaign - campagne, faire campagne, mener une campagne

"This Godfrey Norton was evidently an important factor in the matter. He was a lawyer. That sounded ominous. What was the relation between them, and what the object of his repeated visits? Was she his client, his friend, or his mistress? If the former, she had probably transferred the photograph to his keeping. If the latter, it was less likely. On the issue of this question depended whether I should continue my work at Briony Lodge, or turn my attention to the gentleman’s chambers in the Temple.

evidently - évidemment, de toute évidence, manifestement

ominous - de mauvais augure

relation - relation, relation, parent, parente

Mistress - madame; ; maîtresse, amante

transferred - transféré; transférer, transfert, transfert

issue - question; ; sortie, émission, livraison; délivrance, drain

whether - si, que, soit, si oui ou non

chambers - chambres; chambre, piece, chambre, chambre, salle, chambre

It was a delicate point, and it widened the field of my inquiry. I fear that I bore you with these details, but I have to let you see my little difficulties, if you are to understand the situation."

widened - élargi; s’élargir, élargir, élargir, élargir

difficulties - des difficultés; difficulté, difficulté

"I am following you closely," I answered.

"I was still balancing the matter in my mind when a hansom cab drove up to Briony Lodge, and a gentleman sprang out. He was a remarkably handsome man, dark, aquiline, and moustached-evidently the man of whom I had heard. He appeared to be in a great hurry, shouted to the cabman to wait, and brushed past the maid who opened the door with the air of a man who was thoroughly at home.

balancing - l'équilibrage; contrepoids, équilibre, solde, solde, balancier

Hansom - le fiacre

cab - cab; fiacre

remarkably - remarquablement

moustached - moustachu

hurry - se dépecher; ; précipitation, hâte

maid - femme de ménage; ; demoiselle, jeune fille, bonne

thoroughly - a fond; ; absolument, completement

"He was in the house about half an hour, and I could catch glimpses of him in the windows of the sitting-room, pacing up and down, talking excitedly, and waving his arms. Of her I could see nothing. Presently he emerged, looking even more flurried than before. As he stepped up to the cab, he pulled a gold watch from his pocket and looked at it earnestly, ‘Drive like the devil,’ he shouted, ‘first to Gross & Hankey’s in Regent Street, and then to the Church of St. Monica in the Edgeware Road.

glimpses - des aperçus; aperçu, entrevoir

excitedly - avec enthousiasme

earnestly - sincerement; ; sérieusement

devil - Diable, Satan, type

Gross - brut, dégoutant, dégueulasse, grossier, grossiere, grosse

Hankey - mouchoir

Regent - régent, régente

Half a guinea if you do it in twenty minutes!’

guinea - Guinée

" ‘The Church of St. Monica, John,’ she cried, ‘and half a sovereign if you reach it in twenty minutes.’

sovereign - souveraine; ; souverain, souverain

"This was quite too good to lose, Watson. I was just balancing whether I should run for it, or whether I should perch behind her landau when a cab came through the street. The driver looked twice at such a shabby fare, but I jumped in before he could object.

perch - perche; perchoir

landau - landau

shabby - râpé, usé, élimé, miteux, minable

fare - tarif; aller, tarifaire

‘The Church of St. Monica,’ said I, ‘and half a sovereign if you reach it in twenty minutes.’ It was twenty-five minutes to twelve, and of course it was clear enough what was in the wind.

wind - vent; emmailloter, détortiller, langer, enrouler, vent

"My cabby drove fast. I don’t think I ever drove faster, but the others were there before us. The cab and the landau with their steaming horses were in front of the door when I arrived. I paid the man and hurried into the church. There was not a soul there save the two whom I had followed and a surpliced clergyman, who seemed to be expostulating with them.

cabby - cabby

steaming - a la vapeur; ; cuisson a la vapeur; (steam); vapeur d'eau

hurried - pressé; précipitation, hâte, dépecher

surpliced - surpliés

clergyman - ecclésiastique; ; pretre, clerc

They were all three standing in a knot in front of the altar. I lounged up the side aisle like any other idler who has dropped into a church. Suddenly, to my surprise, the three at the altar faced round to me, and Godfrey Norton came running as hard as he could towards me.

knot - noud; nodale, noeud

altar - l'autel; ; autel

aisle - l'allée; ; allée, rayon, couloir, côté couloir

idler - le rouleau compresseur; ; fainéant

my surprise - ma surprise

" ‘Thank God,’ he cried. ‘You’ll do. Come! Come!’

" ‘What then?’ I asked.

" ‘Come, man, come, only three minutes, or it won’t be legal.’

"I was half-dragged up to the altar, and before I knew where I was I found myself mumbling responses which were whispered in my ear, and vouching for things of which I knew nothing, and generally assisting in the secure tying up of Irene Adler, spinster, to Godfrey Norton, bachelor. It was all done in an instant, and there was the gentleman thanking me on the one side and the lady on the other, while the clergyman beamed on me in front. It was the most preposterous position in which I ever found myself in my life, and it was the thought of it that started me laughing just now.

dragged - traîné; tirer, entraîner

mumbling - marmonner; marmonnant; (mumble); marmonner

whispered - chuchoté; chuchotement, chuchoter, susurrer, murmurer

vouching - se porter garant; entériner, se porter garant

generally - en général

assisting - l'assistance; assister, aider, passe décisive

secure - sécurisé; ; sur, sécuriser

tying up - l'attachement

spinster - fileuse; ; vieille fille

bachelor - célibataire, licence

instant - instantanée; moment

beamed - téléporté; madrier, poutre, merrain, perche, limon, timon, age

It seems that there had been some informality about their license, that the clergyman absolutely refused to marry them without a witness of some sort, and that my lucky appearance saved the bridegroom from having to sally out into the streets in search of a best man. The bride gave me a sovereign, and I mean to wear it on my watch chain in memory of the occasion."

informality - l'informalité; ; informalité

license - licence

refused - refusé; refuser de

witness - témoin

bridegroom - l'époux; ; jeune marié, futur marié, futur époux

sally - sally; sortie

chain - chaîne, enchaîner

Occasion - occasion

"This is a very unexpected turn of affairs," said I; "and what then?"

unexpected - inattendu

affairs - affaires; aventure, liaison

"Well, I found my plans very seriously menaced. It looked as if the pair might take an immediate departure, and so necessitate very prompt and energetic measures on my part. At the church door, however, they separated, he driving back to the Temple, and she to her own house.

menaced - menacé; menace

immediate - immédiate; ; immédiat, proche

departure - départ, déviation

necessitate - nécessaire; ; nécessiter, requérir, demander, exiger

prompt - rapide; ; ponctuel, indicateur, invite de commande, inciter

energetic - énergique, énergétique

measures - mesures; mesure, mesure, mesure, mesurer

driving back - Vous rentrez en voiture

‘I shall drive out in the park at five as usual,’ she said as she left him. I heard no more. They drove away in different directions, and I went off to make my own arrangements."

drive out - sortir en voiture

drove away - est parti en voiture

"Which are?"

"Some cold beef and a glass of beer," he answered, ringing the bell. "I have been too busy to think of food, and I am likely to be busier still this evening. By the way, Doctor, I shall want your co-operation."

operation - l'opération; ; opération, fonctionnement, exploitation, gestion

"I shall be delighted."

delighted - ravie; plaisir, délice, joie, enchanter, ravir

"You don’t mind breaking the law?"

"Not in the least."

"Nor running a chance of arrest?"

nor - ni; ; NON-OU

arrest - l'arrestation; ; arrestation, arreter

"Not in a good cause."

"Oh, the cause is excellent!"

"Then I am your man."

"I was sure that I might rely on you."

rely - s'appuyer; ; compter sur

"But what is it you wish?"

"When Mrs. Turner has brought in the tray I will make it clear to you. Now," he said as he turned hungrily on the simple fare that our landlady had provided, "I must discuss it while I eat, for I have not much time. It is nearly five now. In two hours we must be on the scene of action. Miss Irene, or Madame, rather, returns from her drive at seven. We must be at Briony Lodge to meet her."

tray - plateau; plateau

hungrily - avec appétit; ; voracement, avidement

"And what then?"

"You must leave that to me. I have already arranged what is to occur. There is only one point on which I must insist. You must not interfere, come what may. You understand?"

occur - se produisent; ; produire

insist - insister

interfere - meler

"I am to be neutral?"

neutral - neutre, point mort

"To do nothing whatever. There will probably be some small unpleasantness. Do not join in it. It will end in my being conveyed into the house. Four or five minutes afterwards the sitting-room window will open. You are to station yourself close to that open window."

whatever - quoi qu'il en soit; ; quel que soit, n'importe quel

conveyed - transmis; transporter, véhiculer, communiquer


"You are to watch me, for I will be visible to you."

visible - visible


"And when I raise my hand-so-you will throw into the room what I give you to throw, and will, at the same time, raise the cry of fire. You quite follow me?"


entirely - entierement; ; entierement, entierement (1)

"It is nothing very formidable," he said, taking a long cigar-shaped roll from his pocket. "It is an ordinary plumber’s smoke-rocket, fitted with a cap at either end to make it self-lighting. Your task is confined to that. When you raise your cry of fire, it will be taken up by quite a number of people. You may then walk to the end of the street, and I will rejoin you in ten minutes. I hope that I have made myself clear?"

formidable - formidable

cigar - cigare

roll - rouler; petit pain, enroulez, roulons, enroulent, roulez

plumber - plombeur, plombier, tuyauteur, homme a pipe; (plumb); plombeur

rocket - fusée; fusée

cap - cap; bonnet, calotte, casquette, toque, képi

self - soi; ; soi-meme

confined - confiné; confiner, limite

rejoin - rejoins, rejoignons, rejoignez, rejoignent

"I am to remain neutral, to get near the window, to watch you, and at the signal to throw in this object, then to raise the cry of fire, and to wait you at the corner of the street."

remain - reste, rester, demeurer

signal - signal, signaler


"Then you may entirely rely on me."

"That is excellent. I think, perhaps, it is almost time that I prepare for the new role I have to play."

He disappeared into his bedroom and returned in a few minutes in the character of an amiable and simple-minded Nonconformist clergyman. His broad black hat, his baggy trousers, his white tie, his sympathetic smile, and general look of peering and benevolent curiosity were such as Mr. John Hare alone could have equalled. It was not merely that Holmes changed his costume.

amiable - aimable, avenant, affable

Nonconformist - non conformiste; ; anticonformiste

baggy trousers - pantalon baggy

sympathetic - sympathique

peering - peering; pair

benevolent - bienveillante; ; bienveillant

curiosity - curiosité, curiosité

Hare - le lievre; lievre

equalled - égalée; égal, égal, égaler a, égal, égale

costume - costume, déguisement

His expression, his manner, his very soul seemed to vary with every fresh part that he assumed. The stage lost a fine actor, even as science lost an acute reasoner, when he became a specialist in crime.

vary - varier

assumed - supposé; supposer, présupposer, présumer, assumer, adopter

acute - aigu, aiguë

It was a quarter past six when we left Baker Street, and it still wanted ten minutes to the hour when we found ourselves in Serpentine Avenue. It was already dusk, and the lamps were just being lighted as we paced up and down in front of Briony Lodge, waiting for the coming of its occupant. The house was just such as I had pictured it from Sherlock Holmes’ succinct description, but the locality appeared to be less private than I expected.

dusk - crépuscule

occupant - l'occupant; ; occupant, habitant

succinct - succinct

locality - région, quartier, voisinage, localité

On the contrary, for a small street in a quiet neighbourhood, it was remarkably animated. There was a group of shabbily dressed men smoking and laughing in a corner, a scissors-grinder with his wheel, two guardsmen who were flirting with a nurse-girl, and several well-dressed young men who were lounging up and down with cigars in their mouths.

contrary - contraire, contraire, contrepied

animated - animée; animé, animer

shabbily - minable

scissors - ciseaux; ciseau, couper aux ciseaux

grinder - molaire, aiguisoir, meuleuse, moulin, broyeur

flirting with - flirter avec

"You see," remarked Holmes, as we paced to and fro in front of the house, "this marriage rather simplifies matters. The photograph becomes a double-edged weapon now. The chances are that she would be as averse to its being seen by Mr. Godfrey Norton, as our client is to its coming to the eyes of his princess. Now the question is, Where are we to find the photograph?"

fro - fro

simplifies - simplifie; simplifier

edged - bordé; bord, côté, arete, carre, bord, arete

weapon - arme

princess - princesse

"Where, indeed?"

"It is most unlikely that she carries it about with her. It is cabinet size. Too large for easy concealment about a woman’s dress. She knows that the King is capable of having her waylaid and searched. Two attempts of the sort have already been made. We may take it, then, that she does not carry it about with her."

unlikely - peu probable, improbable, improbablement

concealment - dissimulation

capable - capable

"Where, then?"

"Her banker or her lawyer. There is that double possibility. But I am inclined to think neither. Women are naturally secretive, and they like to do their own secreting. Why should she hand it over to anyone else? She could trust her own guardianship, but she could not tell what indirect or political influence might be brought to bear upon a business man.

banker - banquier

naturally - naturellement

secretive - secrete

guardianship - la tutelle; ; tutelle

indirect - indirecte; ; indirect

political - politique

Besides, remember that she had resolved to use it within a few days. It must be where she can lay her hands upon it. It must be in her own house."

besides - d'ailleurs; aupres

resolved - résolu; prendre la résolution de

within - a l'intérieur; dedans, avant, d'ici

lay - laique; pondre, pose

"But it has twice been burgled."

burgled - cambriolé; cambrioler

"Pshaw! They did not know how to look."

Pshaw - pshaw

"But how will you look?"

"I will not look."

"What then?"

"I will get her to show me."

"But she will refuse."

refuse - refuser; refusons, refusent, refuser, refusez

"She will not be able to. But I hear the rumble of wheels. It is her carriage. Now carry out my orders to the letter."

rumble - borborygme (stomach), gargouillement (stomach)

carriage - transport; ; rench: t-needed r, carrosse, port, chariot

As he spoke the gleam of the sidelights of a carriage came round the curve of the avenue. It was a smart little landau which rattled up to the door of Briony Lodge. As it pulled up, one of the loafing men at the corner dashed forward to open the door in the hope of earning a copper, but was elbowed away by another loafer, who had rushed up with the same intention. A fierce quarrel broke out, which was increased by the two guardsmen, who took sides with one of the loungers, and by the scissors-grinder, who was equally hot upon the other side. A blow was struck, and in an instant the lady, who had stepped from her carriage, was the centre of a little knot of flushed and struggling men, who struck savagely at each other with their fists and sticks.

gleam - briller; luisent, luisez, brillant, luisons

curve - courbe, courbes, courber

smart - intelligent; rusé, bath, fringant, roublard, maligne

rattled - secouée; (faire) cliqueter

loafing - fleme; (loaf) fleme

dashed forward - s'est précipité en avant

copper - cuivre; cuivre

elbowed - coudée; coude, coude, coup de coude, jouer des coudes

loafer - flâneur

rushed - précipité; se précipiter, emmener d''urgence

quarrel - querelle; bagarrer, noise, querelle, algarade, dispute

equally - également

struck - frappé; biffer, rayer, barrer, frapper, battre, frapper

flushed - rincé; rougeur

struggling - en difficulté; luttant; (struggle); lutte, lutter, s'efforcer

savagely - sauvagement

fists - poings; poing

sticks - bâtons; enfoncer

Holmes dashed into the crowd to protect the lady; but, just as he reached her, he gave a cry and dropped to the ground, with the blood running freely down his face. At his fall the guardsmen took to their heels in one direction and the loungers in the other, while a number of better dressed people, who had watched the scuffle without taking part in it, crowded in to help the lady and to attend to the injured man. Irene Adler, as I will still call her, had hurried up the steps; but she stood at the top with her superb figure outlined against the lights of the hall, looking back into the street.

dashed - en pointillés; tiret, trait, ta, sprint, soupçon, se précipiter

freely - librement

heels - talons; talon

scuffle - échauffourée; combat

injured - blessé; blesser, blesser

superb - superbe

outlined - esquissé; contour, silhouette, esquisse, aperçu, résumé

"Is the poor gentleman much hurt?" she asked.

"He is dead," cried several voices.

"No, no, there’s life in him!" shouted another. "But he’ll be gone before you can get him to hospital."

"He’s a brave fellow," said a woman. "They would have had the lady’s purse and watch if it hadn’t been for him. They were a gang, and a rough one, too. Ah, he’s breathing now."

Brave - courageux

fellow - un camarade; ensemble, mâle

purse - sac a main; ; bourse, portemonnaie, portefeuille, sac a main

gang - gang; tierce, bande

rough - rude, rugueux, brut, approximatif, difficile, brutal, ébaucher

breathing - respirer; ; respiration; (breath); respiration, souffle, haleine

"He can’t lie in the street. May we bring him in, marm?"

marm - marm

"Surely. Bring him into the sitting-room. There is a comfortable sofa. This way, please!"

surely - surement; ; surement, assurément

sofa - canapé, sofa

Slowly and solemnly he was borne into Briony Lodge and laid out in the principal room, while I still observed the proceedings from my post by the window. The lamps had been lit, but the blinds had not been drawn, so that I could see Holmes as he lay upon the couch. I do not know whether he was seized with compunction at that moment for the part he was playing, but I know that I never felt more heartily ashamed of myself in my life than when I saw the beautiful creature against whom I was conspiring, or the grace and kindliness with which she waited upon the injured man.

principal - principal, principal, directeur, directrice

proceedings - procédures; acte

blinds - des stores; aveugle, mal-voyant, mal-voyante, store, blind

couch - canapé; canapé, divan

seized - saisi; saisir, saisir

compunction - complication; ; scrupule, remords, componction

ashamed - honteux

creature - créature, etre

grace - bénédicité, grâces, grâce, miséricorde

kindliness - la gentillesse

And yet it would be the blackest treachery to Holmes to draw back now from the part which he had intrusted to me. I hardened my heart, and took the smoke-rocket from under my ulster. After all, I thought, we are not injuring her. We are but preventing her from injuring another.

treachery - trahison; ; traîtrise

injuring - blesser; blesser, blesser

Holmes had sat up upon the couch, and I saw him motion like a man who is in need of air. A maid rushed across and threw open the window. At the same instant I saw him raise his hand and at the signal I tossed my rocket into the room with a cry of "Fire!" The word was no sooner out of my mouth than the whole crowd of spectators, well dressed and ill-gentlemen, ostlers, and servant maids-joined in a general shriek of "Fire!" Thick clouds of smoke curled through the room and out at the open window.

motion - mouvement, motion

tossed - ballotté; jet, au pile ou face, tirage au sort, pile ou face

spectators - spectateurs; spectateur, spectatrice, badaud, badaude

gentlemen - messieurs; gentilhomme, monsieur, messieurs-p

maids - servantes; demoiselle, jeune fille, bonne, bonne a tout faire

shriek - cri; ; hurlement, crier

curled - frisé; boucle, rotationnel, rotationnel, boucler

I caught a glimpse of rushing figures, and a moment later the voice of Holmes from within assuring them that it was a false alarm. Slipping through the shouting crowd I made my way to the corner of the street, and in ten minutes was rejoiced to find my friend’s arm in mine, and to get away from the scene of uproar. He walked swiftly and in silence for some few minutes until we had turned down one of the quiet streets which lead towards the Edgeware Road.

Glimpse - aperçu, entrevoir

rushing - se précipiter; (rush) se précipiter

assuring - assurer; assurer, rassurer

alarm - alarme, réveille-matin, réveil, alarmer, donner/sonner l'alerte

slipping - glissement; glisser

rejoiced - s'est réjoui; réjouir

uproar - le tumulte; ; clameur

silence - le silence; ; silence

lead - plomb; guider, plomb, conduire, mener

"You did it very nicely, Doctor," he remarked. "Nothing could have been better. It is all right."

nicely - joliment; ; agréablement

"You have the photograph?"

"I know where it is."

"And how did you find out?"

"She showed me, as I told you she would."

"I am still in the dark."

"I do not wish to make a mystery," said he, laughing. "The matter was perfectly simple. You, of course, saw that everyone in the street was an accomplice. They were all engaged for the evening."

perfectly - parfaitement

accomplice - complice, comparse, compere

engaged - engagé; attirer l'attention, engager, engager, embrayer

"I guessed as much."

"Then, when the row broke out, I had a little moist red paint in the palm of my hand. I rushed forward, fell down, clapped my hand to my face, and became a piteous spectacle. It is an old trick."

Row - rangée; tintamarre, canoter, ramer, rangée

moist - humide; moite, humide

palm - palmier; paume, palmier

rushed forward - se sont précipités

clapped - applaudi; applaudir, battre des mains

piteous - piteux; ; pitoyable

spectacle - spectacle

trick - tour, astuce, truc, rench: t-needed r, pli, levée, quart, duper

"That also I could fathom."

fathom - sonder; brasse

"Then they carried me in. She was bound to have me in. What else could she do? And into her sitting-room, which was the very room which I suspected. It lay between that and her bedroom, and I was determined to see which. They laid me on a couch, I motioned for air, they were compelled to open the window, and you had your chance."

bound - lié; entrain; (bind); lier, attacher, nouer, connecter, coupler

suspected - soupçonné; suspecter, soupçonner, soupçonner, soupçonner

determined - déterminé; déterminer, déterminer

motioned - proposé; mouvement, mouvement, motion

"How did that help you?"

"It was all-important. When a woman thinks that her house is on fire, her instinct is at once to rush to the thing which she values most. It is a perfectly overpowering impulse, and I have more than once taken advantage of it. In the case of the Darlington Substitution Scandal it was of use to me, and also in the Arnsworth Castle business. A married woman grabs at her baby; an unmarried one reaches for her jewel-box. Now it was clear to me that our lady of to-day had nothing in the house more precious to her than what we are in quest of. She would rush to secure it. The alarm of fire was admirably done. The smoke and shouting were enough to shake nerves of steel. She responded beautifully.

instinct - l'instinct; ; instinct

rush - rush; ruée, affluence, gazer, galoper, bousculer

values - valeurs; valeur, valeur, valeur, valeur, valeur, valeur

overpowering - surpuissant; soumettre

impulse - impulsion

Darlington - Darlington

Substitution - remplacement, réaction de substitution

grabs - des grappins; saisir

unmarried - célibataire; (unmarry); célibataire

jewel - joyau, bijou, pierre d'horlogerie, rubis

more precious - plus précieux

quest - quete; recherche

nerves - des nerfs; nerf, nervure, toupet, culot, cran, nerf

beautifully - magnifique

The photograph is in a recess behind a sliding panel just above the right bell-pull. She was there in an instant, and I caught a glimpse of it as she half drew it out. When I cried out that it was a false alarm, she replaced it, glanced at the rocket, rushed from the room, and I have not seen her since. I rose, and, making my excuses, escaped from the house. I hesitated whether to attempt to secure the photograph at once; but the coachman had come in, and as he was watching me narrowly, it seemed safer to wait. A little over-precipitance may ruin all."

recess - la suspension d'audience; ; reces, vacances, récréation, récré

sliding - glissant; (slid) glissant

panel - panel; ; panneau, table ronde, case, vignette, panneau, g

excuses - des excuses; excuser, pardonner, excuser, excuser, justifier

escaped - s'est échappé; échapper, s'échapper, éviter, tirer

hesitated - hésité; hésiter

coachman - cocher

narrowly - de façon étroite; ; étroitement

precipitance - précipitation

"And now?" I asked.

"Our quest is practically finished. I shall call with the King to-morrow, and with you, if you care to come with us. We will be shown into the sitting-room to wait for the lady, but it is probable that when she comes she may find neither us nor the photograph. It might be a satisfaction to his Majesty to regain it with his own hands."

practically - pratiquement, quasiment

probable - probable

satisfaction - satisfaction, satisfaction

regain - retrouver; ; reconquérir, reprendre

"And when will you call?"

"At eight in the morning. She will not be up, so that we shall have a clear field. Besides, we must be prompt, for this marriage may mean a complete change in her life and habits. I must wire to the King without delay."

wire - fil de fer; ; fil

delay - délai; ajourner, décélération, surseoir, retard, retarder

We had reached Baker Street and had stopped at the door. He was searching his pockets for the key when someone passing said:

"Good-night, Mister Sherlock Holmes."

There were several people on the pavement at the time, but the greeting appeared to come from a slim youth in an ulster who had hurried by.

pavement - revetement, chaussée, pavement

slim - mince, svelte, maigrir, mincir

youth - la jeunesse; ; jeunesse, jeune, jeune homme, les jeunes

"I’ve heard that voice before," said Holmes, staring down the dimly lit street. "Now, I wonder who the deuce that could have been."

dimly - faiblement, obscurément, vaguement, confusément

wonder - merveille, se demander, conjecturer

deuce - deux


I slept at Baker Street that night, and we were engaged upon our toast and coffee in the morning when the King of Bohemia rushed into the room.

toast - toast; toast, rôtir

"You have really got it!" he cried, grasping Sherlock Holmes by either shoulder and looking eagerly into his face.

grasping - saisir; saisir, agripper, comprendre, saisir

"Not yet."

"But you have hopes?"

"I have hopes."

"Then, come. I am all impatience to be gone."

Impatience - impatience

"We must have a cab."

"No, my brougham is waiting."

"Then that will simplify matters." We descended and started off once more for Briony Lodge.

simplify - simplifier

descended - descendu; descendre, descendre, descendre

"Irene Adler is married," remarked Holmes.

"Married! When?"


"But to whom?"

"To an English lawyer named Norton."

"But she could not love him."

"I am in hopes that she does."

"And why in hopes?"

"Because it would spare your Majesty all fear of future annoyance. If the lady loves her husband, she does not love your Majesty. If she does not love your Majesty, there is no reason why she should interfere with your Majesty’s plan."

annoyance - l'agacement; ; ennui, nuisance, irritation, checkagacement

"It is true. And yet-! Well! I wish she had been of my own station! What a queen she would have made!" He relapsed into a moody silence, which was not broken until we drew up in Serpentine Avenue.

relapsed - rechute; rechuter, rechute

moody - de mauvaise humeur; ; lunatique, mélancolique, lugubre

The door of Briony Lodge was open, and an elderly woman stood upon the steps. She watched us with a sardonic eye as we stepped from the brougham.

elderly - personnes âgées; ; vieux, ancien, âgé

sardonic - sardonique

"Mr. Sherlock Holmes, I believe?" said she.

"I am Mr. Holmes," answered my companion, looking at her with a questioning and rather startled gaze.

startled - surpris; sursauter, surprendre

gaze - regard; ; fixer

"Indeed! My mistress told me that you were likely to call. She left this morning with her husband by the 5:15 train from Charing Cross for the Continent."

Charing - charing; carboniser

"What!" Sherlock Holmes staggered back, white with chagrin and surprise. "Do you mean that she has left England?"

staggered - en décalé; tituber

chagrin - chagrin

"Never to return."

"And the papers?" asked the King hoarsely. "All is lost."

hoarsely - rauque; ; sechement

"We shall see." He pushed past the servant and rushed into the drawing-room, followed by the King and myself. The furniture was scattered about in every direction, with dismantled shelves and open drawers, as if the lady had hurriedly ransacked them before her flight. Holmes rushed at the bell-pull, tore back a small sliding shutter, and, plunging in his hand, pulled out a photograph and a letter.

scattered - dispersé; disperser, se disperser, éparpiller, parsemer

dismantled - démantelé; démonter, démanteler

shelves - étageres; mettre en suspens

drawers - tiroirs; tiroir

hurriedly - en toute hâte; ; a la hâte, a la sauvette, a la va-vite

shutter - volet, contrevent, obturateur

plunging - plongeant; (plunge) plongeant

The photograph was of Irene Adler herself in evening dress, the letter was superscribed to "Sherlock Holmes, Esq. To be left till called for." My friend tore it open, and we all three read it together. It was dated at midnight of the preceding night and ran in this way:

evening dress - robe de soirée

Esq - Esq

be left till called for - etre laissée jusqu'a ce qu'on l'appelle

preceding - précédent; précéder, précéder

"MY Dear Mr. SHERLOCK HOLMES,-You really did it very well. You took me in completely. Until after the alarm of fire, I had not a suspicion. But then, when I found how I had betrayed myself, I began to think. I had been warned against you months ago. I had been told that, if the King employed an agent, it would certainly be you. And your address had been given me. Yet, with all this, you made me reveal what you wanted to know. Even after I became suspicious, I found it hard to think evil of such a dear, kind old clergyman. But, you know, I have been trained as an actress myself.

Dear Mr - Cher Monsieur

suspicion - suspicion, soupçon

betrayed - trahi; trahir, livrer, trahir, trahir

warned - averti; avertir, alerter, avertir, prévenir

reveal - révéler, laisser voir

suspicious - suspect, méfiant, soupçonneux, suspicieux

evil - le mal; mauvais, torve

Male costume is nothing new to me. I often take advantage of the freedom which it gives. I sent John, the coachman, to watch you, ran upstairs, got into my walking clothes, as I call them, and came down just as you departed.

freedom - la liberté; ; liberté

departed - parti; partir, s’en aller, dévier, quitter

"Well, I followed you to your door, and so made sure that I was really an object of interest to the celebrated Mr. Sherlock Holmes. Then I, rather imprudently, wished you good-night, and started for the Temple to see my husband.

imprudently - imprudemment

"We both thought the best resource was flight, when pursued by so formidable an antagonist; so you will find the nest empty when you call to-morrow. As to the photograph, your client may rest in peace. I love and am loved by a better man than he. The King may do what he will without hindrance from one whom he has cruelly wronged. I keep it only to safeguard myself, and to preserve a weapon which will always secure me from any steps which he might take in the future.

resource - ressource; ressource(s)

pursued - poursuivie; poursuivre, rechercher

antagonist - antagoniste

nest - nid; nid, patelin

hindrance - entrave, obstacle

cruelly - cruellement

safeguard - sauvegarde; ; protéger

preserve - confiture, conserve, réserve naturelle, domaine réservé

I leave a photograph which he might care to possess; and I remain, dear Mr. Sherlock Holmes,

possess - posséder, s'emparer de

"Very truly yours,

truly - vraiment


née - née

"What a woman-oh, what a woman!" cried the King of Bohemia, when we had all three read this epistle. "Did I not tell you how quick and resolute she was? Would she not have made an admirable queen? Is it not a pity that she was not on my level?"

epistle - épître, épitre

"From what I have seen of the lady, she seems, indeed, to be on a very different level to your Majesty," said Holmes coldly. "I am sorry that I have not been able to bring your Majesty’s business to a more successful conclusion."

coldly - froidement

conclusion - conclusion, fin

"On the contrary, my dear sir," cried the King; "nothing could be more successful. I know that her word is inviolate. The photograph is now as safe as if it were in the fire."

inviolate - inviolable

"I am glad to hear your Majesty say so."

"I am immensely indebted to you. Pray tell me in what way I can reward you. This ring-" He slipped an emerald snake ring from his finger and held it out upon the palm of his hand.

immensely - immensément

indebted - endetté

Reward - récompense; récompenser

ring - anneau; cerne, ring, anneau, tinter

slipped - a glissé; glisser

emerald - émeraude

"Your Majesty has something which I should value even more highly," said Holmes.

value - valeur, valeur, évaluer, valoriser

highly - hautement; ; extremement

"You have but to name it."

"This photograph!"

The King stared at him in amazement.

amazement - l'étonnement; ; stupéfaction, stupeur

"Irene’s photograph!" he cried. "Certainly, if you wish it."

"I thank your Majesty. Then there is no more to be done in the matter. I have the honour to wish you a very good morning." He bowed, and, turning away without observing the hand which the King had stretched out to him, he set off in my company for his chambers.

bowed - incliné; (s'')incliner devant, saluer d''un signe de tete

turning away - se détourner

set - set; ; Seth

And that was how a great scandal threatened to affect the kingdom of Bohemia, and how the best plans of Mr. Sherlock Holmes were beaten by a woman’s wit. He used to make merry over the cleverness of women, but I have not heard him do it of late. And when he speaks of Irene Adler, or when he refers to her photograph, it is always under the honourable title of the woman.

threatened - menacé; menacer, menacer

wit - wit; esprit

make merry - se réjouir

cleverness - l'ingéniosité

honourable - honorable


League - ligue; confédérer, ligue

I had called upon my friend, Mr. Sherlock Holmes, one day in the autumn of last year and found him in deep conversation with a very stout, florid-faced, elderly gentleman with fiery red hair. With an apology for my intrusion, I was about to withdraw when Holmes pulled me abruptly into the room and closed the door behind me.

stout - stout; solide

florid - florissant

fiery - ardente; ; ardent, brulant, flamboyant, enflammé

apology - des excuses; ; excuse, apologie

intrusion - intrusion

withdraw - se retirer; dégarnir, claustrer

abruptly - brusquement; ; abruptement, tout d'un coup, précipitamment

"You could not possibly have come at a better time, my dear Watson," he said cordially.

Possibly - peut-etre; ; possiblement, peut-etre

cordially - cordialement

"I was afraid that you were engaged."

"So I am. Very much so."

"Then I can wait in the next room."

"Not at all. This gentleman, Mr. Wilson, has been my partner and helper in many of my most successful cases, and I have no doubt that he will be of the utmost use to me in yours also."

helper - aide; ; assistant, assistante

utmost - le plus important; ; extreme, plus grand, supreme, maximum

The stout gentleman half rose from his chair and gave a bob of greeting, with a quick little questioning glance from his small fat-encircled eyes.

Bob - bob; monter et descendre (sur place)

encircled - encerclé; encercler

"Try the settee," said Holmes, relapsing into his armchair and putting his fingertips together, as was his custom when in judicial moods. "I know, my dear Watson, that you share my love of all that is bizarre and outside the conventions and humdrum routine of everyday life.

settee - canapé; canapé

relapsing - rechute; rechuter, rechute

fingertips - le bout des doigts; rench: bout des doigts ''m''

custom - coutume, us, connaissance, droit de douane, sur mesure

judicial - judiciaire

moods - d'humeur; humeur

bizarre - bizarre

conventions - conventions; convention, convention, convention

humdrum - monotone, ennuyeux, embétant, soporifique, traintrain

You have shown your relish for it by the enthusiasm which has prompted you to chronicle, and, if you will excuse my saying so, somewhat to embellish so many of my own little adventures."

relish - relish, savourer, parfumer

enthusiasm - l'enthousiasme; ; enthousiasme, passion

prompted - a demandé; ponctuel, indicateur, invite de commande, inciter

somewhat - en quelque sorte; ; assez, quelque peu

embellish - embellir

"Your cases have indeed been of the greatest interest to me," I observed.

"You will remember that I remarked the other day, just before we went into the very simple problem presented by Miss Mary Sutherland, that for strange effects and extraordinary combinations we must go to life itself, which is always far more daring than any effort of the imagination."

combinations - combinaisons; combinaison, combinaison, combinaison

daring - audacieux, courageux, checktéméraire, checkhardi

effort - l'effort; ; effort

imagination - l'imagination; ; imagination

"A proposition which I took the liberty of doubting."

proposition - proposition

liberty - liberté

doubting - douter; doutant; (doubt); douter, doute

"You did, Doctor, but none the less you must come round to my view, for otherwise I shall keep on piling fact upon fact on you until your reason breaks Down Under them and acknowledges me to be right. Now, Mr. Jabez Wilson here has been good enough to call upon me this morning, and to begin a narrative which promises to be one of the most singular which I have listened to for some time. You have heard me remark that the strangest and most unique things are very often connected not with the larger but with the smaller crimes, and occasionally, indeed, where there is room for doubt whether any positive crime has been committed. As far as I have heard, it is impossible for me to say whether the present case is an instance of crime or not, but the course of events is certainly among the most singular that I have ever listened to. Perhaps, Mr.

otherwise - autrement

Down Under - En bas de l'échelle

acknowledges - reconnaît; reconnaître, accuser réception, certifier

narrative - narratif, récit

remark - remarque; remarquent, remarquez, remarque, remarquons

unique - unique

Wilson, you would have the great kindness to recommence your narrative. I ask you not merely because my friend Dr. Watson has not heard the opening part but also because the peculiar nature of the story makes me anxious to have every possible detail from your lips. As a rule, when I have heard some slight indication of the course of events, I am able to guide myself by the thousands of other similar cases which occur to my memory. In the present instance I am forced to admit that the facts are, to the best of my belief, unique."

kindness - la gentillesse; ; bonté

recommence - recommencer

anxious - anxieux, désireux

lips - levres; levre, levre

Slight - insignifiant, léger

indication - indication

forced - forcée; force

belief - croyance, conviction, foi

The portly client puffed out his chest with an appearance of some little pride and pulled a dirty and wrinkled newspaper from the inside pocket of his greatcoat. As he glanced down the advertisement column, with his head thrust forward and the paper flattened out upon his knee, I took a good look at the man and endeavoured, after the fashion of my companion, to read the indications which might be presented by his dress or appearance.

portly - portante; ; fort, corpulent

puffed - soufflé; souffle, bouffée

pride - l'orgueil; ; orgueil, fierté, fierté

wrinkled - ridé; ride

greatcoat - manteau; ; pardessus, paletot, capote

advertisement column - colonne de publicité

thrust - estocade, poussée, propulser

flattened - aplatie; aplatir

endeavoured - s'est efforcé; s''efforcer (de)

indications - indications; indication

I did not gain very much, however, by my inspection. Our visitor bore every mark of being an average commonplace British tradesman, obese, pompous, and slow. He wore rather baggy grey shepherd’s check trousers, a not over-clean black frock-coat, unbuttoned in the front, and a drab waistcoat with a heavy brassy Albert chain, and a square pierced bit of metal dangling down as an ornament. A frayed top-hat and a faded brown overcoat with a wrinkled velvet collar lay upon a chair beside him.

gain - gain; gagner, produit

inspection - l'inspection; ; inspection, rench: t-needed r

commonplace - ordinaire, banal, lieu commun

tradesman - artisan

obese - obeses; ; obese

pompous - pompeux, emphatique

baggy - baggy

shepherd - berger, bergere, pasteur, pâtre

frock-coat - (frock-coat) redingote

unbuttoned - déboutonné; déboutonner

drab - terne; terne

waistcoat - gilet

brassy - cuivré

Albert - albert; Albert

pierced - percé; percer

dangling - pendante; ballant; (dangle); pendre, pendouiller

ornament - ornement, ornement musical

frayed - effiloché; (s'')effilocher

faded - fanée; (s'')affaiblir, diminuer

overcoat - pardessus, manteau

velvet - du velours; ; velours, duvet (on skin), velours (on antlers)

collar - col, collier

Altogether, look as I would, there was nothing remarkable about the man save his blazing red head, and the expression of extreme chagrin and discontent upon his features.

altogether - tout a fait; ; completement, en meme temps, quoi qu'il en soit

blazing red - rouge flamboyant

discontent - mécontentement, checkprotestation

Sherlock Holmes’ quick eye took in my occupation, and he shook his head with a smile as he noticed my questioning glances. "Beyond the obvious facts that he has at some time done manual labour, that he takes snuff, that he is a Freemason, that he has been in China, and that he has done a considerable amount of writing lately, I can deduce nothing else."

occupation - profession; ; occupation

glances - regards; jeter un coup d’oil, coup d'oil

obvious - évidentes; ; évident

manual - manuel; manuel

labour - le travail; ; effort, travail, labeur, besogne, travailleurs

takes snuff - prend du tabac a priser

Freemason - franc-maçon

considerable - considérable

Mr. Jabez Wilson started up in his chair, with his forefinger upon the paper, but his eyes upon my companion.

started up - a démarré

"How, in the name of good-fortune, did you know all that, Mr. Holmes?" he asked. "How did you know, for example, that I did manual labour. It’s as true as gospel, for I began as a ship’s carpenter."

Fortune - la fortune; ; destin, bonne chance, fortune

gospel - l'évangile; ; évangile

Carpenter - menuisier, menuisiere, charpentier, charpentiere

"Your hands, my dear sir. Your right hand is quite a size larger than your left. You have worked with it, and the muscles are more developed."

muscles - muscles; muscle, muscle

"Well, the snuff, then, and the Freemasonry?"

snuff - tabac a priser; coryza

"I won’t insult your intelligence by telling you how I read that, especially as, rather against the strict rules of your order, you use an arc-and-compass breastpin."

insult - insultes; ; insulter, insulte

intelligence - l'intelligence; ; intelligence, renseignements

arc - arc de courbe, arc

compass - boussole; compas, boussole

breastpin - le tire-bouchon

"Ah, of course, I forgot that. But the writing?"

"What else can be indicated by that right cuff so very shiny for five inches, and the left one with the smooth patch near the elbow where you rest it upon the desk?"

be indicated - etre indiqué

cuff - manchette; manchette

shiny - brillant

smooth - lisse, doux, facile, sophistiqué, naturel, souple, régulier

patch - patch; rapiécer

elbow - coude, coup de coude, jouer des coudes

"Well, but China?"

"The fish that you have tattooed immediately above your right wrist could only have been done in China. I have made a small study of tattoo marks and have even contributed to the literature of the subject. That trick of staining the fishes’ scales of a delicate pink is quite peculiar to China. When, in addition, I see a Chinese coin hanging from your watch-chain, the matter becomes even more simple."

tattooed - tatoué; tatouer

contributed - a contribué; contribuer

literature - la littérature; ; littérature

staining - la coloration; (stain); tache, souillure, colorant, tacher

scales - des échelles; graduation

Addition - addition, ajout

coin - piece de monnaie; ; piece de monnaie, jeton

Mr. Jabez Wilson laughed heavily. "Well, I never!" said he. "I thought at first that you had done something clever, but I see that there was nothing in it after all."

heavily - lourdement

"I begin to think, Watson," said Holmes, "that I make a mistake in explaining. ‘Omne ignotum pro magnifico,’ you know, and my poor little reputation, such as it is, will suffer shipwreck if I am so candid. Can you not find the advertisement, Mr. Wilson?"

pro - pro; pro

magnifico - magnifico

reputation - réputation, renommée (more slang)

suffer - souffrir, souffrir de, pâtir de, endurer, supporter, subir

shipwreck - épave, naufrage, naufrager

candid - sincere, spontané, candide

"Yes, I have got it now," he answered with his thick red finger planted halfway down the column. "Here it is. This is what began it all. You just read it for yourself, sir."

I took the paper from him and read as follows:

"TO THE RED-HEADED LEAGUE: On account of the bequest of the late Ezekiah Hopkins, of Lebanon, Pennsylvania, U. S. A., there is now another vacancy open which entitles a member of the League to a salary of L4 a week for purely nominal services. All red-headed men who are sound in body and mind and above the age of twenty-one years, are eligible.

bequest - legs; legs

Lebanon - le liban; Liban, Liban

Pennsylvania - la pennsylvanie; Pennsylvanie

vacancy - poste vacant; ; vacance, chambre libre

entitles - droits; intituler

purely - purement

nominal - nominal

eligible - éligible, approprié

Apply in person on Monday, at eleven o’clock, to Duncan Ross, at the offices of the League, 7 Pope’s Court, Fleet Street."

pope - pape; pape

Court - la cour; ; cour, tribunal, court de tennis, court, courtiser

Fleet - la flotte; flotte

"What on earth does this mean?" I ejaculated after I had twice read over the extraordinary announcement.

ejaculated - éjaculé; éjaculer, éjaculat

read over - relire

announcement - annoncement, annonce

Holmes chuckled and wriggled in his chair, as was his habit when in high spirits. "It is a little off the beaten track, isn’t it?" said he. "And now, Mr. Wilson, off you go at scratch and tell us all about yourself, your household, and the effect which this advertisement had upon your fortunes. You will first make a note, Doctor, of the paper and the date."

wriggled - s'est tortillé; remuer, se tortiller

high spirits - le moral des troupes

scratch - gratter, égratigner, piquer, rayer, biffer, oblitérer

household - foyer, ménage, maisonnée, domestique

fortunes - fortune; destin, bonne chance, fortune

"It is The Morning Chronicle of April 27, 1890. Just two months ago."

"Very good. Now, Mr. Wilson?"

"Well, it is just as I have been telling you, Mr. Sherlock Holmes," said Jabez Wilson, mopping his forehead; "I have a small pawnbroker’s business at Coburg Square, near the City. It’s not a very large affair, and of late years it has not done more than just give me a living.

mopping - la vadrouille; serpilliere, qualifier

pawnbroker - preteur sur gages; ; preteur sur gages, preteuse sur gages

affair - affaire; ; aventure, liaison

I used to be able to keep two assistants, but now I only keep one; and I would have a job to pay him but that he is willing to come for half wages so as to learn the business."

wages - les salaires; s''engager dans

"What is the name of this obliging youth?" asked Sherlock Holmes.

obliging - obligeant; imposer, obliger, rendre service

"His name is Vincent Spaulding, and he’s not such a youth, either. It’s hard to say his age. I should not wish a smarter assistant, Mr. Holmes; and I know very well that he could better himself and earn twice what I am able to give him. But, after all, if he is satisfied, why should I put ideas in his head?"

smarter - plus intelligent; élégant

satisfied - satisfaits; satisfaire

"Why, indeed? You seem most fortunate in having an employé who comes under the full market price. It is not a common experience among employers in this age. I don’t know that your assistant is not as remarkable as your advertisement."

"Oh, he has his faults, too," said Mr. Wilson. "Never was such a fellow for photography. Snapping away with a camera when he ought to be improving his mind, and then diving down into the cellar like a rabbit into its hole to develop his pictures. That is his main fault, but on the whole he’s a good worker. There’s no vice in him."

faults - défauts; défaut, faute, faute, faille, faute

photography - la photographie; ; photographie

Snapping - des claquages; le claquement de doigts; (snap); claquer

diving - la plongée; ; plongement

cellar - cave; cave

rabbit - lapin; lapin

vice - vice; vice, vertu

"He is still with you, I presume?"

presume - présumer, supposer

"Yes, sir. He and a girl of fourteen, who does a bit of simple cooking and keeps the place clean-that’s all I have in the house, for I am a widower and never had any family. We live very quietly, sir, the three of us; and we keep a roof over our heads and pay our debts, if we do nothing more.

widower - veuf

debts - des dettes; dette, dette, dette

"The first thing that put us out was that advertisement. Spaulding, he came down into the office just this day eight weeks, with this very paper in his hand, and he says:

" ‘I wish to the Lord, Mr. Wilson, that I was a red-headed man.’

Lord - châtelain, seigneur, monsieur

" ‘Why that?’ I asks.

" ‘Why,’ says he, ‘here’s another vacancy on the League of the Red-headed Men. It’s worth quite a little fortune to any man who gets it, and I understand that there are more vacancies than there are men, so that the trustees are at their wits’ end what to do with the money. If my hair would only change colour, here’s a nice little crib all ready for me to step into.’

worth - valeur; valeur

vacancies - les postes vacants; vacance, chambre libre

trustees - administrateurs; mandataire social, fiduciaire

wits - l'esprit; esprit

change colour - changer de couleur

crib - berceau, huche, antiseche

" ‘Why, what is it, then?’ I asked. You see, Mr. Holmes, I am a very stay-at-home man, and as my business came to me instead of my having to go to it, I was often weeks on end without putting my foot over the door-mat. In that way I didn’t know much of what was going on outside, and I was always glad of a bit of news.

mat - mat; mate

" ‘Have you never heard of the League of the Red-headed Men?’ he asked with his eyes open.

" ‘Never.’

" ‘Why, I wonder at that, for you are eligible yourself for one of the vacancies.’

" ‘And what are they worth?’ I asked.

" ‘Oh, merely a couple of hundred a year, but the work is slight, and it need not interfere very much with one’s other occupations.’

occupations - professions; occupation, occupation

"Well, you can easily think that that made me prick up my ears, for the business has not been over good for some years, and an extra couple of hundred would have been very handy.

prick - con; piquer, percer

handy - pratique; adhésif, maniable, opportun

" ‘Tell me all about it,’ said I.

" ‘Well,’ said he, showing me the advertisement, ‘you can see for yourself that the League has a vacancy, and there is the address where you should apply for particulars. As far as I can make out, the League was founded by an American millionaire, Ezekiah Hopkins, who was very peculiar in his ways. He was himself red-headed, and he had a great sympathy for all red-headed men; so, when he died, it was found that he had left his enormous fortune in the hands of trustees, with instructions to apply the interest to the providing of easy berths to men whose hair is of that colour.

millionaire - millionnaire

berths - places d'amarrage; couchette, marge de manouvre

From all I hear it is splendid pay and very little to do.’

splendid - splendide, fameux

" ‘But,’ said I, ‘there would be millions of red-headed men who would apply.’

" ‘Not so many as you might think,’ he answered. ‘You see it is really confined to Londoners, and to grown men. This American had started from London when he was young, and he wanted to do the old town a good turn. Then, again, I have heard it is no use your applying if your hair is light red, or dark red, or anything but real bright, blazing, fiery red.

Londoners - les londoniens; Londonien, Londonienne

old town - la vieille ville

light red - lumiere rouge

blazing - flamboyant; feu, embrasement

Now, if you cared to apply, Mr. Wilson, you would just walk in; but perhaps it would hardly be worth your while to put yourself out of the way for the sake of a few hundred pounds.’

sake - du saké; dans l''intéret de qqn

"Now, it is a fact, gentlemen, as you may see for yourselves, that my hair is of a very full and rich tint, so that it seemed to me that if there was to be any competition in the matter I stood as good a chance as any man that I had ever met.

tint - teinte; teinte, nuance, teindre

Vincent Spaulding seemed to know so much about it that I thought he might prove useful, so I just ordered him to put up the shutters for the day and to come right away with me. He was very willing to have a holiday, so we shut the business up and started off for the address that was given us in the advertisement.

shutters - des volets; volet, contrevent, obturateur

have a holiday - avoir des vacances

"I never hope to see such a sight as that again, Mr. Holmes. From north, south, east, and west every man who had a shade of red in his hair had tramped into the city to answer the advertisement. Fleet Street was choked with red-headed folk, and Pope’s Court looked like a coster’s orange barrow. I should not have thought there were so many in the whole country as were brought together by that single advertisement. Every shade of colour they were-straw, lemon, orange, brick, Irish-setter, liver, clay; but, as Spaulding said, there were not many who had the real vivid flame-coloured tint.

sight - vue, quelque chose a voir, truc a voir, mire, viseur

shade - ombre, store, nuance, ton, esprit, ombrager, faire de l'ombre

tramped - piétiné; clochard, va-nu-pieds, traînée, garce

folk - folklorique; ; populaire, peuple

coster - cout de revient

barrow - barrow; tertre

brought together - réunis

straw - paille, fétu, jaune paille

brick - brique, soutien, rouge brique, en brique, briquer

Irish - irlandais; irlandais, gaélique irlandais, Irlandais, Irlandaise

setter - setter; setter

clay - l'argile; ; argile, terre battue

vivid - vivante; ; vivide

When I saw how many were waiting, I would have given it up in despair; but Spaulding would not hear of it. How he did it I could not imagine, but he pushed and pulled and butted until he got me through the crowd, and right up to the steps which led to the office. There was a double stream upon the stair, some going up in hope, and some coming back dejected; but we wedged in as well as we could and soon found ourselves in the office."

despair - le désespoir; ; désespérer, désespoir

stream - flux; ; ruisseau, ru, rupt, filet, flot, courant

wedged - coincé; coin, cale

"Your experience has been a most entertaining one," remarked Holmes as his client paused and refreshed his memory with a huge pinch of snuff. "Pray continue your very interesting statement."

entertaining - divertissant, distrayant; (entertain); divertir, recevoir

refreshed - rafraîchie; revigorer, rafraîchir

pinch - pincer, chiper, pincement, pincée

"There was nothing in the office but a couple of wooden chairs and a deal table, behind which sat a small man with a head that was even redder than mine. He said a few words to each candidate as he came up, and then he always managed to find some fault in them which would disqualify them. Getting a vacancy did not seem to be such a very easy matter, after all.

candidate - candidat, candidate

fault - défaut, faute, faille

disqualify - disqualifier; ; dis

However, when our turn came the little man was much more favourable to me than to any of the others, and he closed the door as we entered, so that he might have a private word with us.

more favourable - plus favorable

" ‘This is Mr. Jabez Wilson,’ said my assistant, ‘and he is willing to fill a vacancy in the League.’

" ‘And he is admirably suited for it,’ the other answered. ‘He has every requirement. I cannot recall when I have seen anything so fine.’ He took a step backward, cocked his head on one side, and gazed at my hair until I felt quite bashful. Then suddenly he plunged forward, wrung my hand, and congratulated me warmly on my success.

requirement - exigence, besoin, demande, contrainte

recall - rappeler, rappeler

backward - a l'envers; ; arriéré, en arriere, a reculons

cocked - armé; oiseau mâle, coq

gazed at - regardé

bashful - timide

plunged - plongé; plonger

wrung - tordus; essorer

congratulated - félicité; féliciter

warmly - chaleureusement; ; chaudement

" ‘It would be injustice to hesitate,’ said he. ‘You will, however, I am sure, excuse me for taking an obvious precaution.’ With that he seized my hair in both his hands, and tugged until I yelled with the pain. ‘There is water in your eyes,’ said he as he released me. ‘I perceive that all is as it should be. But we have to be careful, for we have twice been deceived by wigs and once by paint.

injustice - l'injustice; ; injustice

hesitate - hésiter

tugged - tiré; tirer, tirer, remorquer, tirement

yelled - hurlé; hurlement

released - libéré; libérer

perceive - percevoir

deceived - trompé; tromper, leurrer, séduire

wigs - perruques; perruque

I could tell you tales of cobbler’s wax which would disgust you with human nature.’ He stepped over to the window and shouted through it at the top of his voice that the vacancy was filled. A groan of disappointment came up from below, and the folk all trooped away in different directions until there was not a red-head to be seen except my own and that of the manager.

tales - contes; conte, récit

cobbler - un cordon ombilical

wax - la cire; cirons, cirez, cire, cirer, cirent

disgust - dégout; ; dégouter, dégout

groan - gémir; ; râle, râlement, gémissement, grognement, grondement

disappointment - déception

trooped - trooped; troupe-p

" ‘My name,’ said he, ‘is Mr. Duncan Ross, and I am myself one of the pensioners upon the fund left by our noble benefactor. Are you a married man, Mr. Wilson? Have you a family?’

pensioners - les retraités; retraité, retraitée

fund - fonds, financer

noble - noble, aristocrate, aristocratique

benefactor - bienfaiteur, bienfaitrice

"I answered that I had not.

"His face fell immediately.

His face fell - Son visage est tombé

" ‘Dear me!’ he said gravely, ‘that is very serious indeed! I am sorry to hear you say that. The fund was, of course, for the propagation and spread of the red-heads as well as for their maintenance. It is exceedingly unfortunate that you should be a bachelor.’

gravely - gravement

propagation - propagation

spread - se propager; ; étaler, écarter, disperser, répandre, éparpiller

maintenance - entretien, maintenance

exceedingly - excessivement; ; extremement, énormément

unfortunate - malheureux; ; infortuné, malencontreux

"My face lengthened at this, Mr. Holmes, for I thought that I was not to have the vacancy after all; but after thinking it over for a few minutes he said that it would be all right.

lengthened - allongé; rallonger

" ‘In the case of another,’ said he, ‘the objection might be fatal, but we must stretch a point in favour of a man with such a head of hair as yours. When shall you be able to enter upon your new duties?’

objection - objection

fatal - fatale; ; fatal

stretch - étendre, s'étendre, s'étirer, étirement

in favour - en faveur

duties - fonctions; devoir, obligation, service, travail, taxe

" ‘Well, it is a little awkward, for I have a business already,’ said I.

awkward - maladroit, gauche, embarrassant, inconvenant

" ‘Oh, never mind about that, Mr. Wilson!’ said Vincent Spaulding. ‘I should be able to look after that for you.’

" ‘What would be the hours?’ I asked.

" ‘Ten to two.’

"Now a pawnbroker’s business is mostly done of an evening, Mr. Holmes, especially Thursday and Friday evening, which is just before pay-day; so it would suit me very well to earn a little in the mornings. Besides, I knew that my assistant was a good man, and that he would see to anything that turned up.

" ‘That would suit me very well,’ said I. ‘And the pay?’

" ‘Is L4 a week.’

" ‘And the work?’

" ‘Is purely nominal.’

" ‘What do you call purely nominal?’

" ‘Well, you have to be in the office, or at least in the building, the whole time. If you leave, you forfeit your whole position forever. The will is very clear upon that point. You don’t comply with the conditions if you budge from the office during that time.’

forfeit - gage, perdre, abandonner, déclarer forfait

forever - a jamais, pour toujours, éternellement, checktoujours

comply - se conformer, respecter, acquiescer

budge - budge; bougez, bougeons, bouger, bougent

" ‘It’s only four hours a day, and I should not think of leaving,’ said I.

" ‘No excuse will avail,’ said Mr. Duncan Ross; ‘neither sickness nor business nor anything else. There you must stay, or you lose your billet.’

avail - avail; ; profiter, saisir, servir

sickness - maladie

billet - billettes; logement (chez l''habitant)

" ‘And the work?’

" ‘Is to copy out the Encyclopaedia Britannica. There is the first volume of it in that press. You must find your own ink, pens, and blotting-paper, but we provide this table and chair. Will you be ready to-morrow?’

copy out - une copie

Encyclopaedia - encyclopédie

press - presse; pressons, presse, serre, pressent, pressez, serrer

ink - encre

blotting-paper - (blotting-paper) du papier buvard

" ‘Certainly,’ I answered.

" ‘Then, good-bye, Mr. Jabez Wilson, and let me congratulate you once more on the important position which you have been fortunate enough to gain.’ He bowed me out of the room and I went home with my assistant, hardly knowing what to say or do, I was so pleased at my own good fortune.

Good-bye - (Good-bye) Au revoir

congratulate - féliciter

"Well, I thought over the matter all day, and by evening I was in low spirits again; for I had quite persuaded myself that the whole affair must be some great hoax or fraud, though what its object might be I could not imagine. It seemed altogether past belief that anyone could make such a will, or that they would pay such a sum for doing anything so simple as copying out the Encyclopaedia Britannica. Vincent Spaulding did what he could to cheer me up, but by bedtime I had reasoned myself out of the whole thing.

low spirits - le moral a zéro

persuaded - persuadé; persuader, convaincre

hoax - duper, berner, canular, mystification, intox

fraud - fraude, imposteur, charlatan, fraudeur

sum - somme; somme

cheer - applaudir; jubiler

bedtime - l'heure du coucher; ; heure du coucher

However, in the morning I determined to have a look at it anyhow, so I bought a penny bottle of ink, and with a quill-pen, and seven sheets of foolscap paper, I started off for Pope’s Court.

anyhow - d'une maniere ou d'une autre; ; de toute maniere

quill - plume d'oie; ; plume, piquant, épine

foolscap - foolscap; papier ministre

"Well, to my surprise and delight, everything was as right as possible. The table was set out ready for me, and Mr. Duncan Ross was there to see that I got fairly to work. He started me off upon the letter A, and then he left me; but he would drop in from time to time to see that all was right with me. At two o’clock he bade me good-day, complimented me upon the amount that I had written, and locked the door of the office after me.

delight - plaisir, délice, joie, enchanter, ravir

fairly - équitable; ; justement, assez

bade - Bade

complimented - complimenté; compliment, complimenter, faire un compliment

"This went on day after day, Mr. Holmes, and on Saturday the manager came in and planked down four golden sovereigns for my week’s work. It was the same next week, and the same the week after. Every morning I was there at ten, and every afternoon I left at two. by degrees Mr.

planked - planchéié; planche, gainage

sovereigns - souverains; souverain, souverain, souverain, souverain

by degrees - par degrés

Duncan Ross took to coming in only once of a morning, and then, after a time, he did not come in at all. Still, of course, I never dared to leave the room for an instant, for I was not sure when he might come, and the billet was such a good one, and suited me so well, that I would not risk the loss of it.

dared - osé; oser

Risk - risque

Loss - perte; perte, déperdition, perdition, déchet, coulage

"Eight weeks passed away like this, and I had written about Abbots and Archery and Armour and Architecture and Attica, and hoped with diligence that I might get on to the B’s before very long. It cost me something in foolscap, and I had pretty nearly filled a shelf with my writings. And then suddenly the whole business came to an end."

Abbots - les abbés; abbé

Archery - tir a l'arc; ; tir a l'arc, archerie

armour - armure; blindez, blinder, blindons, cuirass, blindent

Attica - attica; Attique

diligence - diligence

shelf - étagere; ; rayon, étagere, tablard, rayonnage

writings - Des écrits; (writing) Des écrits

"To an end?"

"Yes, sir. And no later than this morning. I went to my work as usual at ten o’clock, but the door was shut and locked, with a little square of cardboard hammered on to the middle of the panel with a tack. Here it is, and you can read for yourself."

cardboard - carton

hammered - martelée; marteau, chien, malléus, t+marteau, marteler, marteler

tack - tack; punaise

He held up a piece of white cardboard about the size of a sheet of note-paper. It read in this fashion:




Dissolved - dissous; dissoudre, dissoudre, dissoudre

October 9, 1890.

Sherlock Holmes and I surveyed this curt announcement and the rueful face behind it, until the comical side of the affair so completely overtopped every other consideration that we both burst out into a roar of laughter.

curt - curt; ; abrupt, sommaire

comical - comique

consideration - considération, checkraison, checkmotif, checkrécompense

burst - l'éclatement; ; éclater, faire éclater, rompre, briser

roar - rugir, hurler, s'esclaffer, rire aux éclats

"I cannot see that there is anything very funny," cried our client, flushing up to the roots of his flaming head. "If you can do nothing better than laugh at me, I can go elsewhere."

flushing - la chasse d'eau; (flush) la chasse d'eau

roots - des racines; racine

elsewhere - ailleurs

"No, no," cried Holmes, shoving him back into the chair from which he had half risen. "I really wouldn’t miss your case for the world. It is most refreshingly unusual. But there is, if you will excuse my saying so, something just a little funny about it. Pray what steps did you take when you found the card upon the door?"

shoving - bousculade; enfoncer, pousser

refreshingly - de maniere rafraîchissante

"I was staggered, sir. I did not know what to do. Then I called at the offices round, but none of them seemed to know anything about it. Finally, I went to the landlord, who is an accountant living on the ground floor, and I asked him if he could tell me what had become of the Red-headed League. He said that he had never heard of any such body. Then I asked him who Mr. Duncan Ross was. He answered that the name was new to him.

landlord - propriétaire, patron

accountant - comptable

ground floor - le rez-de-chaussée

" ‘Well,’ said I, ‘the gentleman at No. 4.’

" ‘What, the red-headed man?’

" ‘Yes.’

" ‘Oh,’ said he, ‘his name was William Morris. He was a solicitor and was using my room as a temporary convenience until his new premises were ready. He moved out yesterday.’

William - william; Guillaume, William

solicitor - avocat, avoué

temporary - temporaire, provisoire, intérimaire

convenience - la commodité; ; convenance, commodité, avantage, commodités

premises - locaux; prémisse, prémisse, local

" ‘Where could I find him?’

" ‘Oh, at his new offices. He did tell me the address. Yes, 17 King Edward Street, near St. Paul’s.’

Edward - edward; Édouard

Paul - paul; Paul, Paul

"I started off, Mr. Holmes, but when I got to that address it was a manufactory of artificial knee-caps, and no one in it had ever heard of either Mr. William Morris or Mr. Duncan Ross."

manufactory - fabrication

artificial - artificiels

caps - des casquettes; casquette

"And what did you do then?" asked Holmes.

"I went home to Saxe-Coburg Square, and I took the advice of my assistant. But he could not help me in any way. He could only say that if I waited I should hear by post. But that was not quite good enough, Mr. Holmes. I did not wish to lose such a place without a struggle, so, as I had heard that you were good enough to give advice to poor folk who were in need of it, I came right away to you."

Struggle - lutte, lutter, s'efforcer, combattre

"And you did very wisely," said Holmes. "Your case is an exceedingly remarkable one, and I shall be happy to look into it. From what you have told me I think that it is possible that graver issues hang from it than might at first sight appear."

wisely - a bon escient; ; sagement, savamment

graver - graver; (grav) graver

issues - questions; sortie, émission, livraison; délivrance, émission

hang - pendre; pendre, planement

"Grave enough!" said Mr. Jabez Wilson. "Why, I have lost four pound a week."

grave - tombe; tombe

"As far as you are personally concerned," remarked Holmes, "I do not see that you have any grievance against this extraordinary league. On the contrary, you are, as I understand, richer by some L30, to say nothing of the minute knowledge which you have gained on every subject which comes under the letter A. You have lost nothing by them."

personally - personnellement

concerned - préoccupé; inquiétude, souci, soin, souci, préoccupation

grievance - grief

Gained - gagné; gagner

"No, sir. But I want to find out about them, and who they are, and what their object was in playing this prank-if it was a prank-upon me. It was a pretty expensive joke for them, for it cost them two and thirty pounds."

prank - farce, tour

"We shall endeavour to clear up these points for you. And, first, one or two questions, Mr. Wilson. This assistant of yours who first called your attention to the advertisement-how long had he been with you?"

endeavour - l'effort; peiner

clear up - s'éclaircir

"About a month then."

"How did he come?"

"In answer to an advertisement."

"Was he the only applicant?"

applicant - demandeur, candidat

"No, I had a dozen."

"Why did you pick him?"

"Because he was handy and would come cheap."

"At half wages, in fact."


"What is he like, this Vincent Spaulding?"

"Small, stout-built, very quick in his ways, no hair on his face, though he’s not short of thirty. Has a white splash of acid upon his forehead."

splash - splash; ; plouf, bruit, éclaboussure, éclabousser, asperger

acid - aigre, acide, acide, acide

Holmes sat up in his chair in considerable excitement. "I thought as much," said he. "Have you ever observed that his ears are pierced for earrings?"

excitement - l'excitation; ; excitation

earrings - boucles d'oreilles; boucle d'oreille

"Yes, sir. He told me that a gipsy had done it for him when he was a lad."

gipsy - Gipsy

lad - lad; ; garçon, gars, jeune homme, palefrenier

"Hum!" said Holmes, sinking back in deep thought. "He is still with you?"

sinking - en train de couler; ; naufrage; (sink); couler, s'enfoncer

"Oh, yes, sir; I have only just left him."

"And has your business been attended to in your absence?"

absence - absence, manque, absence du fer

"Nothing to complain of, sir. There’s never very much to do of a morning."

"That will do, Mr. Wilson. I shall be happy to give you an opinion upon the subject in the course of a day or two. To-day is Saturday, and I hope that by Monday we may come to a conclusion."

"Well, Watson," said Holmes when our visitor had left us, "what do you make of it all?"

"I make nothing of it," I answered frankly. "It is a most mysterious business."

frankly - franchement

most mysterious - le plus mystérieux

mysterious business - une affaire mystérieuse

"As a rule," said Holmes, "the more bizarre a thing is the less mysterious it proves to be. It is your commonplace, featureless crimes which are really puzzling, just as a commonplace face is the most difficult to identify. But I must be prompt over this matter."

mysterious - mystérieux

proves - prouve; prouver

featureless - sans caractéristiques

"What are you going to do, then?" I asked.

"To smoke," he answered.

"It is quite a three pipe problem, and I beg that you won’t speak to me for fifty minutes." He curled himself up in his chair, with his thin knees drawn up to his hawk-like nose, and there he sat with his eyes closed and his black clay pipe thrusting out like the bill of some strange bird. I had come to the conclusion that he had dropped asleep, and indeed was nodding myself, when he suddenly sprang out of his chair with the gesture of a man who has made up his mind and put his pipe down upon the mantelpiece.

beg - mendier; implorer, mendier, prier

hawk - faucon; autour

clay pipe - un tuyau en argile

thrusting - poussée; (thrust); estocade, poussée, propulser

nodding - hochement de tete; (nod); dodeliner, hocher, hochement

mantelpiece - tablette de cheminée

"Sarasate plays at the St. James’s Hall this afternoon," he remarked. "What do you think, Watson? Could your patients spare you for a few hours?"

James - james; Jacques, Jacques, Jacques

"I have nothing to do to-day. My practice is never very absorbing."

absorbing - absorbant; absorber, absorber, éponger, absorber, absorber

"Then put on your hat and come. I am going through the City first, and we can have some lunch on the way. I observe that there is a good deal of German music on the programme, which is rather more to my taste than Italian or French. It is introspective, and I want to introspect. Come along!"

French - français; français, tlangue française, français, t+Français

introspect - l'introspection

We travelled by the Underground as far as Aldersgate; and a short walk took us to Saxe-Coburg Square, the scene of the singular story which we had listened to in the morning. It was a poky, little, shabby-genteel place, where four lines of dingy two-storied brick houses looked out into a small railed-in enclosure, where a lawn of weedy grass and a few clumps of faded laurel bushes made a hard fight against a smoke-laden and uncongenial atmosphere. Three gilt balls and a brown board with "JABEZ WILSON" in white letters, upon a corner house, announced the place where our red-headed client carried on his business.

poky - poky

genteel - gentillesse; ; a la mode

dingy - terne; miteux

railed - en radeau; barre, tringle

enclosure - l'enfermement; ; piece jointe, encloitrer, encloîtrer, enclos

lawn - pelouse; gazon, gazer

weedy - des mauvaises herbes; ; chétif

clumps - des touffes; amas, touffe, massif

faded - fanée; mode, lubie

laurel - laurier, couronne de laurier, couronne de lauriers, lauriers

bushes - buissons; buisson

laden - laden; ; chargé, chargée; (lade) laden; ; chargé, chargée

uncongenial - peu conviviale

atmosphere - atmosphere; ; atmosphere, ambience, ambiance

gilt - doré; dorure, doré; (gild) doré; dorure, doré

announced - annoncée; annoncer

Sherlock Holmes stopped in front of it with his head on one side and looked it all over, with his eyes shining brightly between puckered lids. Then he walked slowly up the street, and then down again to the corner, still looking keenly at the houses. Finally he returned to the pawnbroker’s, and, having thumped vigorously upon the pavement with his stick two or three times, he went up to the door and knocked. It was instantly opened by a bright-looking, clean-shaven young fellow, who asked him to step in.

shining - brillant; briller, éclairer

brightly - brillante; ; clairement, précisément

puckered - froncé; (se) plisser

lids - couvercles; couvercle

keenly - vivement

thumped - frappé; coup sourd, tambouriner

vigorously - vigoureusement

stick - bâton; bâton, canne, stick

instantly - instantanément, instamment

shaven - rasé; (shave); rasé

"Thank you," said Holmes, "I only wished to ask you how you would go from here to the Strand."

Strand - strand; cordon

"Third right, fourth left," answered the assistant promptly, closing the door.

promptly - rapidement

"smart fellow, that," observed Holmes as we walked away. "He is, in my judgment, the fourth smartest man in London, and for daring I am not sure that he has not a claim to be third. I have known something of him before."

smart fellow - un gars intelligent

judgment - jugement, sentence, verdict, jugement dernier

smartest - le plus intelligent; élégant

claim - réclamation, titre, affirmation, revendication, demande

"Evidently," said I, "Mr. Wilson’s assistant counts for a good deal in this mystery of the Red-headed League. I am sure that you inquired your way merely in order that you might see him."

inquired - a demandé; enqueter, renseigner

"Not him."

"What then?"

"The knees of his trousers."

"And what did you see?"

"What I expected to see."

"Why did you beat the pavement?"

"My dear doctor, this is a time for observation, not for talk. We are spies in an enemy’s country. We know something of Saxe-Coburg Square. Let us now explore the parts which lie behind it."

spies - espions; espion, espionne, espionner

enemy - l'ennemi; ; ennemi, ennemie

explore - explorer

The road in which we found ourselves as we turned round the corner from the retired Saxe-Coburg Square presented as great a contrast to it as the front of a picture does to the back. It was one of the main arteries which conveyed the traffic of the City to the north and west. The roadway was blocked with the immense stream of commerce flowing in a double tide inward and outward, while the footpaths were black with the hurrying swarm of pedestrians.

contrast - contraste, contraster

arteries - arteres; artere

roadway - la chaussée; ; chaussée

blocked - bloqué; bloc

commerce - le commerce; ; commerce, rapports

flowing - en cours d'exécution; couler

tide - marée; marées, reflux, marée

inward - vers l'intérieur; ; intérieur

outward - externe

footpaths - chemins de randonnée; trottoir

hurrying - se dépecher; dépechant; (hurry); précipitation, hâte

swarm - essaim (flying insects), grouillement (crawling insects), nuée

pedestrians - piétons; piéton, piétonnier, pédestre, banal, ordinaire, bateau

It was difficult to realise as we looked at the line of fine shops and stately business premises that they really abutted on the other side upon the faded and stagnant square which we had just quitted.

realise - comprendre

stately - majestueux; ; imposant

business premises - des locaux professionnels

quitted - a démissionné; quitter, abandonner

"Let me see," said Holmes, standing at the corner and glancing along the line, "I should like just to remember the order of the houses here. It is a hobby of mine to have an exact knowledge of London. There is Mortimer’s, the tobacconist, the little newspaper shop, the Coburg branch of the City and Suburban Bank, the Vegetarian Restaurant, and McFarlane’s carriage-building depot.

tobacconist - bureau de tabac; ; buraliste

branch - branche, rameau, affluent, filiale, succursale

Suburban - banlieue; ; suburbain, banlieusard

Vegetarian - végétarien, végétarienne, herbivore

depot - dépôt, dépôt

That carries us right on to the other block. And now, Doctor, we’ve done our work, so it’s time we had some play. A sandwich and a cup of coffee, and then off to violin-land, where all is sweetness and delicacy and harmony, and there are no red-headed clients to vex us with their conundrums."

block - bloc; bloquer, bloquent, bloquons, obstruer, bloc, buche

violin - violon

harmony - l'harmonie; ; harmonie

clients - clients; client, cliente, client, client

vex - vex; ; ennuyer, énerver, vexer ''informal'', tourmenter

conundrums - des énigmes; énigme, probleme, casse-tete, dilemme

My friend was an enthusiastic musician, being himself not only a very capable performer but a composer of no ordinary merit. All the afternoon he sat in the stalls wrapped in the most perfect happiness, gently waving his long, thin fingers in time to the music, while his gently smiling face and his languid, dreamy eyes were as unlike those of Holmes the sleuth-hound, Holmes the relentless, keen-witted, ready-handed criminal agent, as it was possible to conceive. In his singular character the dual nature alternately asserted itself, and his extreme exactness and astuteness represented, as I have often thought, the reaction against the poetic and contemplative mood which occasionally predominated in him.

enthusiastic - enthousiaste

performer - artiste-interprete; ; artiste, interprete, exécutant, exécutante

composer - compositeur, compositrice, compositeur de musique

merit - mérite, mériter

stalls - des décrochages; stalle

wrapped - enveloppé; enrouler (autour de)

dreamy - reveuse

unlike - contrairement a; différent

sleuth - limier

hound - chien de chasse; chien (de chasse)

relentless - sans relâche; ; implacable, impitoyable, tenace

witted - d'esprit

conceive - concevoir, tomber enceinte

dual - double, duel, dual

alternately - en alternance

asserted - affirmée; affirmer, attester, asseoir

exactness - l'exactitude; ; exactitude

astuteness - astuce; ; perspicacité, sagacité

represented - représentée; représenter

reaction - réaction

poetic - poétique

contemplative - contemplatif

The swing of his nature took him from extreme languor to devouring energy; and, as I knew well, he was never so truly formidable as when, for days on end, he had been lounging in his armchair amid his improvisations and his black-letter editions. Then it was that the lust of the chase would suddenly come upon him, and that his brilliant reasoning power would rise to the level of intuition, until those who were unacquainted with his methods would look askance at him as on a man whose knowledge was not that of other mortals. When I saw him that afternoon so enwrapped in the music at St. James’s Hall I felt that an evil time might be coming upon those whom he had set himself to hunt down.

swing - swing; ; osciller, se balancer, swinguer, pendre, changer

languor - langueur

devouring - dévorant; dévorer, dévorer, dévorer

amid - amid; au milieu de, parmi, entre

improvisations - des improvisations; improvisation, improvisation

editions - éditions; édition, édition

lust - la convoitise; ; luxure, concupiscence, convoitise, joie

chase - poursuite; chassez, chassons, poursuivre, pousser, chasser

intuition - l'intuition; ; intuition

unacquainted - pas connu

askance - l'interrogation; ; avec méfiance, de travers

mortals - mortels; mortel, mortel, mortel, mortelle

hunt - chasser, chercher, chasse

"You want to go home, no doubt, Doctor," he remarked as we emerged.

"Yes, it would be as well."

"And I have some business to do which will take some hours. This business at Coburg Square is serious."

"Why serious?"

"A considerable crime is in contemplation. I have every reason to believe that we shall be in time to stop it. But to-day being Saturday rather complicates matters. I shall want your help to-night."

contemplation - contemplation

complicates - complique; compliquer

"At what time?"

"Ten will be early enough."

"I shall be at Baker Street at ten."

"Very well. And, I say, Doctor, there may be some little danger, so kindly put your army revolver in your pocket." He waved his hand, turned on his heel, and disappeared in an instant among the crowd.

revolver - revolver

heel - talon; talon, alinéa

I trust that I am not more dense than my neighbours, but I was always oppressed with a sense of my own stupidity in my dealings with Sherlock Holmes. Here I had heard what he had heard, I had seen what he had seen, and yet from his words it was evident that he saw clearly not only what had happened but what was about to happen, while to me the whole business was still confused and grotesque. As I drove home to my house in Kensington I thought over it all, from the extraordinary story of the red-headed copier of the Encyclopaedia down to the visit to Saxe-Coburg Square, and the ominous words with which he had parted from me. What was this nocturnal expedition, and why should I go armed?

dense - dense, obscur, bouché

oppressed - opprimés; opprimer, oppresser

stupidity - stupidité, idiotie, ânerie, sottise

evident - évidentes; ; évident

confused - confus; rendre perplexe, confondre, confondre

grotesque - grotesque

copier - copieur, copiste

nocturnal - nocturne

expedition - expédition

Where were we going, and what were we to do? I had the hint from Holmes that this smooth-faced pawnbroker’s assistant was a formidable man-a man who might play a deep game. I tried to puzzle it out, but gave it up in despair and set the matter aside until night should bring an explanation.

hint - indice; ; indication, soupçon, faire allusion

puzzle - mystere, énigme, puzzle, casse-tete, jeu de patience, devinette

aside - a part; ; a côté, en passant, aparté

It was a quarter-past nine when I started from home and made my way across the Park, and so through Oxford Street to Baker Street. Two hansoms were standing at the door, and as I entered the passage I heard the sound of voices from above.

Oxford - oxford; Oxford

On entering his room, I found Holmes in animated conversation with two men, one of whom I recognised as Peter Jones, the official police agent, while the other was a long, thin, sad-faced man, with a very shiny hat and oppressively respectable frock-coat.

Peter - peter; ; Pierre, Pierre, P

oppressively - de maniere oppressive

frock - robe de chambre; robe

"Ha! Our party is complete," said Holmes, buttoning up his pea-jacket and taking his heavy hunting crop from the rack. "Watson, I think you know Mr. Jones, of Scotland Yard? Let me introduce you to Mr. Merryweather, who is to be our companion in to-night’s adventure."

buttoning up - a boutonner

pea - pois; pois

hunting - la chasse; (hunt); chasser, chercher, chasse

crop - culture; récolte, produits agricoles

rack - rack; bâti

Scotland - l'ecosse; Écosse

"We’re hunting in couples again, Doctor, you see," said Jones in his consequential way. "Our friend here is a wonderful man for starting a chase. All he wants is an old dog to help him to do the running down."

consequential - conséquent

"I hope a wild goose may not prove to be the end of our chase," observed Mr. Merryweather gloomily.

goose - l'oie; ; oie

"You may place considerable confidence in Mr. Holmes, sir," said the police agent loftily. "He has his own little methods, which are, if he won’t mind my saying so, just a little too theoretical and fantastic, but he has the makings of a detective in him. It is not too much to say that once or twice, as in that business of the Sholto murder and the Agra treasure, he has been more nearly correct than the official force."

confidence - assurance, confiance en soi, confiance, confidence

loftily - noblement

theoretical - théorique

treasure - trésor, garder précieusement

force - force; forcez, contrainte, forçons, contraindre, forcent

"Oh, if you say so, Mr. Jones, it is all right," said the stranger with deference. "Still, I confess that I miss my rubber. It is the first Saturday night for seven-and-twenty years that I have not had my rubber."

deference - respect, déférence

rubber - caoutchouc; caoutchouc, préservatif, condom

"I think you will find," said Sherlock Holmes, "that you will play for a higher stake to-night than you have ever done yet, and that the play will be more exciting. For you, Mr. Merryweather, the stake will be some L30,000; and for you, Jones, it will be the man upon whom you wish to lay your hands."

stake - enjeu; ; pieu, pal, tuteur, jalon

more exciting - plus excitant

"John Clay, the murderer, thief, smasher, and forger. He’s a young man, Mr. Merryweather, but he is at the head of his profession, and I would rather have my bracelets on him than on any criminal in London. He’s a remarkable man, is young John Clay. His grandfather was a royal duke, and he himself has been to Eton and Oxford. His brain is as cunning as his fingers, and though we meet signs of him at every turn, we never know where to find the man himself. He’ll crack a crib in Scotland one week, and be raising money to build an orphanage in Cornwall the next. I’ve been on his track for years and have never set eyes on him yet.

murderer - meurtrier, meurtriere, assassin, assassine

smasher - smasher; (smash); smash, fracasser, percuter, écraser

forger - faux-monnayeur; ; faussaire, forgeron, forgeronne

profession - profession, métier, corps de métier

bracelets - bracelets; bracelet, bracelet

Eton - Eton

cunning - astucieux; rusé

orphanage - orphelinat, maison d'enfants

Cornwall - cornouailles; Cornouailles-s-p

"I hope that I may have the pleasure of introducing you to-night. I’ve had one or two little turns also with Mr. John Clay, and I agree with you that he is at the head of his profession. It is past ten, however, and quite time that we started. If you two will take the first hansom, Watson and I will follow in the second."

Sherlock Holmes was not very communicative during the long drive and lay back in the cab humming the tunes which he had heard in the afternoon. We rattled through an endless labyrinth of gas-lit streets until we emerged into Farrington Street.

humming - fredonner; (hum); fredonner, bourdonner, fourmiller

tunes - des airs; mélodie, air, tube, accorder, syntoniser

endless - sans fin; ; infini, interminable, perpétuel

labyrinth - labyrinthe

"We are close there now," my friend remarked. "This fellow Merryweather is a bank director, and personally interested in the matter. I thought it as well to have Jones with us also. He is not a bad fellow, though an absolute imbecile in his profession. He has one positive virtue. He is as brave as a bulldog and as tenacious as a lobster if he gets his claws upon anyone. Here we are, and they are waiting for us."

bank director - directeur de la banque

imbecile - imbécile; imbécile

virtue - la vertu; ; vertu

bulldog - bouledogue

tenacious - tenace

Lobster - homard

claws - griffes; griffe

We had reached the same crowded thoroughfare in which we had found ourselves in the morning. Our cabs were dismissed, and, following the guidance of Mr. Merryweather, we passed down a narrow passage and through a side door, which he opened for us. Within there was a small corridor, which ended in a very massive iron gate. This also was opened, and led down a flight of winding stone steps, which terminated at another formidable gate.

thoroughfare - voie de circulation; ; passage, grand-rue, voie principale

cabs - cabs; taxi

dismissed - licencié; renvoyer, limoger, licencier, démettre, renvoyer

guidance - d'orientation; ; guidage, conseils, direction

side door - porte latérale

corridor - couloir, corridor, couloir aérien

massive - massive; ; massif

iron - le fer; ; fer, repasser

winding - bobinage; (wind) bobinage

terminated - résilié; terminer

Mr. Merryweather stopped to light a lantern, and then conducted us down a dark, earth-smelling passage, and so, after opening a third door, into a huge vault or cellar, which was piled all round with crates and massive boxes.

lantern - lanterne

conducted - conduite; comportement, conduite, se comporter, conduire, mener

vault - chambre forte; voute, dôme

piled - empilés; pile, tas

crates - caisses; caisse

"You are not very vulnerable from above," Holmes remarked as he held up the lantern and gazed about him.

vulnerable - vulnérable

gazed - regardé; fixer

"Nor from below," said Mr. Merryweather, striking his stick upon the flags which lined the floor. "Why, Dear me, it sounds quite hollow!" he remarked, looking up in surprise.

striking - frappant; ; éclatant; (strike); biffer, rayer, barrer, frapper

flags - drapeaux; drapeau

Dear me - Cher moi

hollow - creux; cavez, caver, cavent, cavons

"I must really ask you to be a little more quiet!" said Holmes severely. "You have already imperilled the whole success of our expedition. Might I beg that you would have the goodness to sit down upon one of those boxes, and not to interfere?"

more quiet - plus calme

severely - séverement

imperilled - imperméable; menacer, compromettre, risquer

goodness - la bonté; ; bonté, bonté divine, corbleu, crebleu, jarnibleu

The solemn Mr. Merryweather perched himself upon a crate, with a very injured expression upon his face, while Holmes fell upon his knees upon the floor and, with the lantern and a magnifying lens, began to examine minutely the cracks between the stones. A few seconds sufficed to satisfy him, for he sprang to his feet again and put his glass in his pocket.

solemn - solennel

perched - perché; perchoir

crate - caisse

magnifying - grossissant; agrandir

lens - lentille, cristallin, filmer

examine - examiner

minutely - minutieusement

cracks - des fissures; (se) feler

sufficed - suffisent; suffire, suffire 2, fr

satisfy - satisfaire

"We have at least an hour before us," he remarked, "for they can hardly take any steps until the good pawnbroker is safely in bed. Then they will not lose a minute, for the sooner they do their work the longer time they will have for their escape. We are at present, Doctor-as no doubt you have divined-in the cellar of the City branch of one of the principal London banks.

escape - échapper, s'échapper, éviter, échapper (a quelqu'un), évasion

divined - diviné; divin

Mr. Merryweather is the chairman of directors, and he will explain to you that there are reasons why the more daring criminals of London should take a considerable interest in this cellar at present."

chairman - secrétaire général (for a political party), président

"It is our French gold," whispered the director. "We have had several warnings that an attempt might be made upon it."

warnings - des avertissements; avertissement, avertissement, attention

"Your French gold?"

"Yes. We had occasion some months ago to strengthen our resources and borrowed for that purpose 30,000 napoleons from the Bank of France. It has become known that we have never had occasion to unpack the money, and that it is still lying in our cellar.

strengthen - renforcer, affermir, raffermir, fortifier

resources - ressources; ressource(s)

unpack - déballer

The crate upon which I sit contains 2,000 napoleons packed between layers of lead foil. Our reserve of bullion is much larger at present than is usually kept in a single branch office, and the directors have had misgivings upon the subject."

foil - fleuret; fleuret, feuille mince

reserve - réservation, réserve, réserves, remplaçant, réservation

bullion - lingots; ; lingot

branch office - succursale

the directors - les directeurs

misgivings - des réticences; état d'âme

"Which were very well justified," observed Holmes. "And now it is time that we arranged our little plans. I expect that within an hour matters will come to a head. In the meantime Mr. Merryweather, we must put the screen over that dark lantern."

justified - justifiée; justifier, justifier, justifier

meantime - entre-temps; ; pendant ce temps

"And sit in the dark?"

"I am afraid so. I had brought a pack of cards in my pocket, and I thought that, as we were a partie carrée, you might have your rubber after all. But I see that the enemy’s preparations have gone so far that we cannot risk the presence of a light. And, first of all, we must choose our positions. These are daring men, and though we shall take them at a disadvantage, they may do us some harm unless we are careful.

preparations - préparations; préparation, préparation, concoction, préparation

presence - présence

disadvantage - désavantage

harm - le mal; ; mal, tort, dommage, nuire a, faire du mal a

Unless - a moins que; ; a moins que, sauf si

I shall stand behind this crate, and do you conceal yourselves behind those. Then, when I flash a light upon them, close in swiftly. If they fire, Watson, have no compunction about shooting them down."

flash - flash; clignoter, flash

shooting - le tir; ; tir, fusillade; (shoot) le tir; ; tir, fusillade

I placed my revolver, cocked, upon the top of the wooden case behind which I crouched. Holmes shot the slide across the front of his lantern and left us in pitch darkness-such an absolute darkness as I have never before experienced. The smell of hot metal remained to assure us that the light was still there, ready to flash out at a moment’s notice.

crouched - accroupi; s''accroupir

shot - tir; tirai, tiré, tirâmes, tirerent, tira

slide - glisser, déraper, toboggan, glissoire, glissement

pitch - de l'emplacement; dresser

darkness - l'obscurité; ; obscurité, ténebres

hot metal - du métal chaud

assure - assurer, rassurer

To me, with my nerves worked up to a pitch of expectancy, there was something depressing and subduing in the sudden gloom, and in the cold dank air of the vault.

expectancy - l'espérance de vie; ; attente, espérance, expectative

depressing - déprimant; appuyer

subduing - soumettre; soumettre, subjuguer, assujettir

sudden - soudain, soudaine, subit

gloom - obscurité, pénombre, grisaille, morosité, noirceur

dank - dank

"They have but one retreat," whispered Holmes. "That is back through the house into Saxe-Coburg Square. I hope that you have done what I asked you, Jones?"

retreat - retraite; retraite

"I have an inspector and two officers waiting at the front door."

"Then we have stopped all the holes. And now we must be silent and wait."

be silent - se taire

What a time it seemed! From comparing notes afterwards it was but an hour and a quarter, yet it appeared to me that the night must have almost gone, and the dawn be breaking above us. My limbs were weary and stiff, for I feared to change my position; yet my nerves were worked up to the highest pitch of tension, and my hearing was so acute that I could not only hear the gentle breathing of my companions, but I could distinguish the deeper, heavier in-breath of the bulky Jones from the thin, sighing note of the bank director.

dawn - l'aube; ; se lever, naître, aube, lever du soleil, aurore

weary - fatigué; ; las, lasser

tension - tension, traction

gentle - gentil, doux

Companions - compagnons; compagnon, compagne

distinguish - distinguer

breath - respiration, souffle, haleine

bulky - gros, corpulent (''of a person''), volumineux, encombrant

sighing - soupirer; soupirer

From my position I could look over the case in the direction of the floor. Suddenly my eyes caught the glint of a light.

At first it was but a lurid spark upon the stone pavement.

lurid - lugubre; ; choquant, choquante, blafard, livide, bleme, jaunâtre

spark - l'étincelle; flammeche, étincelle

Then it lengthened out until it became a yellow line, and then, without any warning or sound, a gash seemed to open and a hand appeared, a white, almost womanly hand, which felt about in the centre of the little area of light. For a minute or more the hand, with its writhing fingers, protruded out of the floor. Then it was withdrawn as suddenly as it appeared, and all was dark again save the single lurid spark which marked a chink between the stones.

warning - l'avertissement; ; avertissement, attention; (warn); avertir

gash - gash; balafre

womanly - féminine; ; féminin

protruded - en saillie; dépasser, saillir

withdrawn - retiré; (se) retirer

chink - chink; interstice, cliquetis

Its disappearance, however, was but momentary.

disappearance - disparition

momentary - momentanée

With a rending, tearing sound, one of the broad, white stones turned over upon its side and left a square, gaping hole, through which streamed the light of a lantern. Over the edge there peeped a clean-cut, boyish face, which looked keenly about it, and then, with a hand on either side of the aperture, drew itself shoulder-high and waist-high, until one knee rested upon the edge. In another instant he stood at the side of the hole and was hauling after him a companion, lithe and small like himself, with a pale face and a shock of very red hair.

rending - l'équarrissage; rompre, déchirer

tearing - déchirure; larme

streamed - en streaming; ruisseau, ru, rupt, filet, flot, courant, torrent

edge - bord, côté, arete, carre

peeped - épié; regarder qqch a la dérobée

boyish - garçon

aperture - ouverture, ouverture

waist - taille, ceinture

hauling - le transport; haler, trainer, butin, magot

lithe - léger; agile, souple

pale - pâle; pâle, hâve

shock - choc; choquons, offusquer, choquez, choquer, secouer

"It’s all clear," he whispered. "Have you the chisel and the bags? Great Scott! Jump, Archie, jump, and I’ll swing for it!"

all clear - Tout est clair

chisel - ciseau; ciseler, ciseau, buriner

Sherlock Holmes had sprung out and seized the intruder by the collar. The other dived down the hole, and I heard the sound of rending cloth as Jones clutched at his skirts. The light flashed upon the barrel of a revolver, but Holmes’ hunting crop came down on the man’s wrist, and the pistol clinked upon the stone floor.

intruder - intrus, importun

dived - plongé; plonger

cloth - tissu, étoffe, tenue

clutched - serré; se raccrocher (a)

flashed - flashé; éclair, lueur

barrel - tonneau, barrique, baril, canon, barillet, embariller

pistol - pistolet

clinked - clinked; tintement

stone floor - sol en pierre

"It’s no use, John Clay," said Holmes blandly. "You have no chance at all."

"So I see," the other answered with the utmost coolness. "I fancy that my pal is all right, though I see you have got his coat-tails."

coolness - de la fraîcheur; ; frais

pal - pal; camarade

tails - queues; queue

"There are three men waiting for him at the door," said Holmes.

"Oh, indeed! You seem to have done the thing very completely. I must compliment you."

compliment - compliment, complimenter, faire un compliment

"And I you," Holmes answered. "Your red-headed idea was very new and effective."

effective - efficace, décisif, en vigueur

"You’ll see your pal again presently," said Jones. "He’s quicker at climbing down holes than I am. Just hold out while I fix the derbies."

climbing down - en descendant

"I beg that you will not touch me with your filthy hands," remarked our prisoner as the handcuffs clattered upon his wrists. "You may not be aware that I have royal blood in my veins. Have the goodness, also, when you address me always to say ‘sir’ and ‘please.’ "

filthy - dégoutant; ; crasseux

prisoner - prisonnier, prisonniere

handcuffs - des menottes; menotte, menotter

clattered - claudiqué; claquer, craquer, claquement, craquement, vacarme

wrists - poignets; poignet

veins - veines; veine

"All right," said Jones with a stare and a snigger. "Well, would you please, sir, march upstairs, where we can get a cab to carry your Highness to the police-station?"

stare - fixer; regarder (fixement), dévisager

snigger - ricanement, ricaner

Highness - altesse

"That is better," said John Clay serenely. He made a sweeping bow to the three of us and walked quietly off in the custody of the detective.

serenely - sereinement

sweeping - balayage, balayage, a l'emporteiece, radical, complet

bow to - s'incliner devant

custody - la garde; ; garde, détention, garde a vue, custodie

"Really, Mr. Holmes," said Mr. Merryweather as we followed them from the cellar, "I do not know how the bank can thank you or repay you. There is no doubt that you have detected and defeated in the most complete manner one of the most determined attempts at bank robbery that have ever come within my experience."

repay - rembourser; rembourser

detected - détecté; détecter

defeated - vaincu; battre, vaincre

most complete - le plus complet

most determined - le plus déterminé

robbery - brigandage, vol a main armée, banditisme, braquage

"I have had one or two little scores of my own to settle with Mr. John Clay," said Holmes. "I have been at some small expense over this matter, which I shall expect the bank to refund, but beyond that I am amply repaid by having had an experience which is in many ways unique, and by hearing the very remarkable narrative of the Red-headed League."

settle - régler; décréter

expense - dépenses; ; dépense

refund - rembourser, remboursement

amply - amplement

repaid - remboursé; rembourser, rendre

"You see, Watson," he explained in the early hours of the morning as we sat over a glass of whisky and soda in Baker Street, "it was perfectly obvious from the first that the only possible object of this rather fantastic business of the advertisement of the League, and the copying of the Encyclopaedia, must be to get this not over-bright pawnbroker out of the way for a number of hours every day. It was a curious way of managing it, but, really, it would be difficult to suggest a better. The method was no doubt suggested to Clay’s ingenious mind by the colour of his accomplice’s hair.

whisky - du whisky; whisky

soda - carbonate de soude, soude, eau pétillante, boisson gazeuse

Curious - vous etes curieux; curieux, intéressant, singulier

ingenious - ingénieux

The L4 a week was a lure which must draw him, and what was it to them, who were playing for thousands? They put in the advertisement, one rogue has the temporary office, the other rogue incites the man to apply for it, and together they manage to secure his absence every morning in the week. From the time that I heard of the assistant having come for half wages, it was obvious to me that he had some strong motive for securing the situation."

lure - leurre; attrait

rogue - canaille, fripouille, coquin, voyou, garnement, vagabond

incites - incite; inciter

motive - motif, mobile, theme, motiver, moteur, mobile, mouvant

securing - sécurisation; sur, sur, sur, sur, sur, sur, sécuriser

"But how could you guess what the motive was?"

"Had there been women in the house, I should have suspected a mere vulgar intrigue. That, however, was out of the question. The man’s business was a small one, and there was nothing in his house which could account for such elaborate preparations, and such an expenditure as they were at. It must, then, be something out of the house. What could it be? I thought of the assistant’s fondness for photography, and his trick of vanishing into the cellar. The cellar! There was the end of this tangled clue. Then I made inquiries as to this mysterious assistant and found that I had to deal with one of the coolest and most daring criminals in London. He was doing something in the cellar-something which took many hours a day for months on end. What could it be, once more?

mere - simple; simple

vulgar - vulgaire, obscene

intrigue - intrigue, intriguer, conspirer

elaborate - élaborer; ; approfondir

expenditure - des dépenses; ; dépense

fondness - l'affection; ; affection

vanishing - en voie de disparition; (vanish); disparaître, s'évanouir

tangled - enchevetrés; désordre, enchevetrement

clue - indice, indice, piste, idée, informer

inquiries - des demandes de renseignements; enquete

I could think of nothing save that he was running a tunnel to some other building.

tunnel - tunnel

"So far I had got when we went to visit the scene of action. I surprised you by beating upon the pavement with my stick. I was ascertaining whether the cellar stretched out in front or behind. It was not in front. Then I rang the bell, and, as I hoped, the assistant answered it. We have had some skirmishes, but we had never set eyes upon each other before. I hardly looked at his face. His knees were what I wished to see. You must yourself have remarked how worn, wrinkled, and stained they were. They spoke of those hours of burrowing. The only remaining point was what they were burrowing for.

ascertaining - vérifier; constater, définir

skirmishes - escarmouches; escarmouche, échauffourée, escarmouche

stained - taché; tache, souillure, colorant, tacher, entacher, colorer

burrowing - l'enfouissement; terrier, clapier

remaining - restant; reste, rester, demeurer, rester

I walked round the corner, saw the City and Suburban Bank abutted on our friend’s premises, and felt that I had solved my problem. When you drove home after the concert I called upon Scotland Yard and upon the chairman of the bank directors, with the result that you have seen."

bank directors - les directeurs de banque

"And how could you tell that they would make their attempt to-night?" I asked.

"Well, when they closed their League offices that was a sign that they cared no longer about Mr. Jabez Wilson’s presence-in other words, that they had completed their tunnel. But it was essential that they should use it soon, as it might be discovered, or the bullion might be removed. Saturday would suit them better than any other day, as it would give them two days for their escape.

essential - indispensable, essentiel, fondamental

For all these reasons I expected them to come to-night."

"You reasoned it out beautifully," I exclaimed in unfeigned admiration. "It is so long a chain, and yet every link rings true."

exclaimed - s'est exclamé; exclamer

unfeigned - non feinte

admiration - l'admiration; ; admiration

rings - anneaux; anneau, bague

"It saved me from ennui," he answered, yawning. "Alas! I already feel it closing in upon me. My life is spent in one long effort to escape from the commonplaces of existence. These little problems help me to do so."

ennui - l'ennui; ; apathie, indolence, mélancolie, dépression

yawning - bâillements; (yawn); bâiller, béer, bâillement

Alas - hélas; hélas!; (ala) hélas; hélas!

commonplaces - des lieux communs; ordinaire, banal, lieu commun

existence - l'existence; ; existence

"And you are a benefactor of the race," said I.

He shrugged his shoulders. "Well, perhaps, after all, it is of some little use," he remarked. " ‘L’homme c’est rien-l’oeuvre c’est tout,’ as Gustave Flaubert wrote to George Sand."

homme - homme

est - est; ; HNE, STA

oeuvre - ouvre; ; ouvre, ouvres

tout - tout; racoler

George - george; Georges, Jorioz

sand - sable; sableuxse, sable


identity - l'identité; ; identité

"My dear fellow," said Sherlock Holmes as we sat on either side of the fire in his lodgings at Baker Street, "life is infinitely stranger than anything which the mind of man could invent. We would not dare to conceive the things which are really mere commonplaces of existence. If we could fly out of that window hand in hand, hover over this great city, gently remove the roofs, and peep in at the queer things which are going on, the strange coincidences, the plannings, the cross-purposes, the wonderful chains of events, working through generations, and leading to the most outré results, it would make all fiction with its conventionalities and foreseen conclusions most stale and unprofitable.

infinitely - a l'infini

dare - oser; aventurer

fly out - s'envoler

hover - survol; ; éventiller, faire du surlace, hésiter

peep - peep; gazouiller, pépier

queer - pédé; ; étrange, bizarre

coincidences - des coincidences; coincidence, coincidence

plannings - planifications; planification, planification, prévision

chains - chaînes; chaîne, chaîne, chaîne, chaîne, enchaîner, enchaîner

generations - générations; génération, création, génération, génération

leading - dirigeante; (lead) dirigeante

outré - outré

foreseen - prévue; prévoir, anticiper

conclusions - conclusions; conclusion, fin, conclusion

stale - périmé; rassis

unprofitable - non rentable

"And yet I am not convinced of it," I answered. "The cases which come to light in the papers are, as a rule, bald enough, and vulgar enough. We have in our police reports realism pushed to its extreme limits, and yet the result is, it must be confessed, neither fascinating nor artistic."

Convinced - convaincu; convaincre, persuader

bald - chauve, lisse

realism - le réalisme; ; réalisme

limits - des limites; limite, limitation

confessed - avoué; avouer, confesser, confesser

fascinating - fascinant; fasciner, fasciner, fasciner

artistic - artistique

"A certain selection and discretion must be used in producing a realistic effect," remarked Holmes. "This is wanting in the police report, where more stress is laid, perhaps, upon the platitudes of the magistrate than upon the details, which to an observer contain the vital essence of the whole matter. Depend upon it, there is nothing so unnatural as the commonplace."

selection - sélection

realistic - réaliste

platitudes - des platitudes; platitude

magistrate - magistrat

vital - vitale; ; vital

essence - essence

unnatural - contre nature

I smiled and shook my head. "I can quite understand your thinking so," I said. "Of course, in your position of unofficial adviser and helper to everybody who is absolutely puzzled, throughout three continents, you are brought in contact with all that is strange and bizarre. But here"-I picked up the morning paper from the ground-"let us put it to a practical test.

unofficial - non officielle

adviser - conseiller

puzzled - perplexe; mystere, énigme, puzzle, casse-tete, jeu de patience

throughout - tout au long de l'année; ; tout au long de, durant

contact - contact, lentille, connaissance, toucher, contacter

morning paper - le journal du matin

practical - pratique

Here is the first heading upon which I come. ‘A husband’s cruelty to his wife.’ There is half a column of print, but I know without reading it that it is all perfectly familiar to me. There is, of course, the other woman, the drink, the push, the blow, the bruise, the sympathetic sister or landlady. The crudest of writers could invent nothing more crude."

cruelty - la cruauté; ; cruauté

bruise - ecchymoses; ; contusionner, meurtrir, taler, cotir, se taler

crudest - le plus grossier; cru, cru, vulgaire, cru, brut

"Indeed, your example is an unfortunate one for your argument," said Holmes, taking the paper and glancing his eye down it. "This is the Dundas separation case, and, as it happens, I was engaged in clearing up some small points in connection with it. The husband was a teetotaler, there was no other woman, and the conduct complained of was that he had drifted into the habit of winding up every meal by taking out his false teeth and hurling them at his wife, which, you will allow, is not an action likely to occur to the imagination of the average story-teller.

separation - la séparation; ; séparation

connection - connexion, liaison, lien, rapport, complicité, correspondance

teetotaler - absteme, abstinent, abstinente, néphaliste

hurling - hurling; (hurl); projeter, débecter, débecqueter

teller - le caissier; ; diseur, diseuse, conteur, conteuse

Take a pinch of snuff, Doctor, and acknowledge that I have scored over you in your example."

acknowledge - reconnaître, accuser réception, certifier

He held out his snuffbox of old gold, with a great amethyst in the centre of the lid. Its splendour was in such contrast to his homely ways and simple life that I could not help commenting upon it.

snuffbox - tabatiere; ; tabatiere

amethyst - améthyste

lid - couvercle

splendour - splendeur

"Ah," said he, "I forgot that I had not seen you for some weeks. It is a little souvenir from the King of Bohemia in return for my assistance in the case of the Irene Adler papers."

souvenir - souvenir

assistance - l'assistance; ; assistance

"And the ring?" I asked, glancing at a remarkable brilliant which sparkled upon his finger.

"It was from the reigning family of Holland, though the matter in which I served them was of such delicacy that I cannot confide it even to you, who have been good enough to chronicle one or two of my little problems."

"And have you any on hand just now?" I asked with interest.

"Some ten or twelve, but none which present any feature of interest. They are important, you understand, without being interesting. Indeed, I have found that it is usually in unimportant matters that there is a field for the observation, and for the quick analysis of cause and effect which gives the charm to an investigation. The larger crimes are apt to be the simpler, for the bigger the crime the more obvious, as a rule, is the motive. In these cases, save for one rather intricate matter which has been referred to me from Marseilles, there is nothing which presents any features of interest. It is possible, however, that I may have something better before very many minutes are over, for this is one of my clients, or I am much mistaken.

analysis - analyse

charm - charme; excitation, grâce, charme

apt - apt; doué

more obvious - plus évidente

intricate - complexe

He had risen from his chair and was standing between the parted blinds gazing down into the dull neutral-tinted London street. Looking over his shoulder, I saw that on the pavement opposite there stood a large woman with a heavy fur boa round her neck, and a large curling red feather in a broad-brimmed hat which was tilted in a coquettish Duchess of Devonshire fashion over her ear.

gazing - regarder; fixer

boa - boa

curling - le curling; ; curling; (curl); boucle, rotationnel, boucler

feather - plume, fanon, mettre en drapeau, emplumer, checkempenner

tilted - incliné; pencher

coquettish - coquetterie

Duchess - la duchesse; ; duchesse

From under this great panoply she peeped up in a nervous, hesitating fashion at our windows, while her body oscillated backward and forward, and her fingers fidgeted with her glove buttons. Suddenly, with a plunge, as of the swimmer who leaves the bank, she hurried across the road, and we heard the sharp clang of the bell.

panoply - panoplie

hesitating - hésitant; hésiter

oscillated - oscillée; osciller

fidgeted with - tripoté

glove - gant

plunge - plonger; plonger

swimmer - nageur, nageuse

clang - clang; ; rench: (''of crane'') glapissement g; (''of goose'') criaillement g

"I have seen those symptoms before," said Holmes, throwing his cigarette into the fire. "Oscillation upon the pavement always means an affaire de coeur. She would like advice, but is not sure that the matter is not too delicate for communication. And yet even here we may discriminate. When a woman has been seriously wronged by a man she no longer oscillates, and the usual symptom is a broken bell wire.

symptoms - des symptômes; symptôme, symptôme

Oscillation - oscillation

affaire - affaire

communication - la communication; ; communication, message

discriminate - discriminer

oscillates - oscille; osciller

Here we may take it that there is a love matter, but that the maiden is not so much angry as perplexed, or grieved. But here she comes in person to resolve our doubts."

maiden - jeune fille, jeune femme, demoiselle, pucelle, vierge

perplexed - perplexe; déconcerter, troubler, dérouter

grieved - en deuil; avoir du chagrin

"Do you not find," he said, "that with your short sight it is a little trying to do so much typewriting?"

typewriting - la dactylographie; dactylographie; (typewrite) la dactylographie; dactylographie

"I did at first," she answered, "but now I know where the letters are without looking." Then, suddenly realising the full purport of his words, she gave a violent start and looked up, with fear and astonishment upon her broad, good-humoured face. "You’ve heard about me, Mr. Holmes," she cried, "else how could you know all that?"

purport - purport; ; prétendre, avoir l'intention

violent - violent, vif

astonishment - l'étonnement; ; étonnement

good-humoured - (good-humoured) de bonne humeur

"Never mind," said Holmes, laughing; "it is my business to know things. Perhaps I have trained myself to see what others overlook. If not, why should you come to consult me?"

overlook - vue, panorama, surplomber, négliger, louper, passer outre

"I came to you, sir, because I heard of you from Mrs. Etherege, whose husband you found so easy when the police and everyone had given him up for dead. Oh, Mr. Holmes, I wish you would do as much for me. I’m not rich, but still I have a hundred a year in my own right, besides the little that I make by the machine, and I would give it all to know what has become of Mr. Hosmer Angel."

angel - ange; ange

"Why did you come away to consult me in such a hurry?" asked Sherlock Holmes, with his finger-tips together and his eyes to the ceiling.

finger-tips - (finger-tips) le bout des doigts

ceiling - plafond; plafond; (ceil) plafond; plafond

Again a startled look came over the somewhat vacuous face of Miss Mary Sutherland. "Yes, I did bang out of the house," she said, "for it made me angry to see the easy way in which Mr. Windibank-that is, my father-took it all. He would not go to the police, and he would not go to you, and so at last, as he would do nothing and kept on saying that there was no harm done, it made me mad, and I just on with my things and came right away to you.

vacuous - vacuité; ; niais, niais

bang - bang; détonation

"Your father," said Holmes, "your stepfather, surely, since the name is different."

stepfather - beau-pere; ; beauere, parâtre

"Yes, my stepfather. I call him father, though it sounds funny, too, for he is only five years and two months older than myself."

"And your mother is alive?"

"Oh, yes, mother is alive and well. I wasn’t best pleased, Mr. Holmes, when she married again so soon after father’s death, and a man who was nearly fifteen years younger than herself. Father was a plumber in the Tottenham Court Road, and he left a tidy business behind him, which mother carried on with Mr.

wasn - n'était

Hardy, the foreman; but when Mr. Windibank came he made her sell the business, for he was very superior, being a traveller in wines. They got L4700 for the goodwill and interest, which wasn’t near as much as father could have got if he had been alive."

hardy - robuste, rustique

foreman - chef, chef d'équipe, contremaître

superior - supérieur, supérieur

goodwill - la bonne volonté; ; bonne volonté, bienveillance, achalandage

I had expected to see Sherlock Holmes impatient under this rambling and inconsequential narrative, but, on the contrary, he had listened with the greatest concentration of attention.

impatient - impatient

inconsequential - sans conséquence

concentration - concentration

"Your own little income," he asked, "does it come out of the business?"

income - revenus; ; revenu, recette

"Oh, no, sir. It is quite separate and was left me by my uncle Ned in Auckland. It is in New Zealand stock, paying 41 per cent. Two thousand five hundred pounds was the amount, but I can only touch the interest."

stock - stock; provision, stockage, stock

"You interest me extremely," said Holmes. "And since you draw so large a sum as a hundred a year, with what you earn into the bargain, you no doubt travel a little and indulge yourself in every way. I believe that a single lady can get on very nicely upon an income of about L60."

bargain - marché; ; accord, affaire, bonne affaire, marchander

indulge - se faire plaisir; ; céder, succomber, dorloter, gâter, choyer

"I could do with much less than that, Mr. Holmes, but you understand that as long as I live at home I don’t wish to be a burden to them, and so they have the use of the money just while I am staying with them. Of course, that is only just for the time.

burden - charge; accablement, alourdissons, alourdir, alourdissez

Mr. Windibank draws my interest every quarter and pays it over to mother, and I find that I can do pretty well with what I earn at typewriting. It brings me twopence a sheet, and I can often do from fifteen to twenty sheets in a day."

"You have made your position very clear to me," said Holmes. "This is my friend, Dr. Watson, before whom you can speak as freely as before myself. Kindly tell us now all about your connection with Mr. Hosmer Angel."

A flush stole over Miss Sutherland’s face, and she picked nervously at the fringe of her jacket. "I met him first at the gasfitters’ ball," she said. "They used to send father tickets when he was alive, and then afterwards they remembered us, and sent them to mother. Mr. Windibank did not wish us to go. He never did wish us to go anywhere. He would get quite mad if I wanted so much as to join a Sunday-school treat. But this time I was set on going, and I would go; for what right had he to prevent?

flush - la chasse d'eau; vidanger, rougeur

nervously - nerveusement

fringe - marginale; ; frange, périphérie, radicaux

gasfitters - les monteurs d'installations au gaz

sunday-school - (sunday-school) l'école du dimanche

treat - négocier, traiter, régaler, guérir, soigner

He said the folk were not fit for us to know, when all father’s friends were to be there. And he said that I had nothing fit to wear, when I had my purple plush that I had never so much as taken out of the drawer. At last, when nothing else would do, he went off to France upon the business of the firm, but we went, mother and I, with Mr. Hardy, who used to be our foreman, and it was there I met Mr. Hosmer Angel."

plush - peluche

drawer - tiroir; souscripteur, tiroir

firm - ferme; social, robuste, maison de commerce, ferme, solide

"I suppose," said Holmes, "that when Mr. Windibank came back from France he was very annoyed at your having gone to the ball."

annoyed - agacé; gener, ennuyer, embeter, agacer, asticoter

"Oh, well, he was very good about it. He laughed, I remember, and shrugged his shoulders, and said there was no use denying anything to a woman, for she would have her way."

denying - refusant; nier, démentir, refuser

"I see. Then at the gasfitters’ ball you met, as I understand, a gentleman called Mr. Hosmer Angel."

"Yes, sir. I met him that night, and he called next day to ask if we had got home all safe, and after that we met him-that is to say, Mr. Holmes, I met him twice for walks, but after that father came back again, and Mr. Hosmer Angel could not come to the house any more."


"Well, you know father didn’t like anything of the sort. He wouldn’t have any visitors if he could help it, and he used to say that a woman should be happy in her own family circle. But then, as I used to say to mother, a woman wants her own circle to begin with, and I had not got mine yet."

family circle - le cercle familial

"But how about Mr. Hosmer Angel? Did he make no attempt to see you?"

"Well, father was going off to France again in a week, and Hosmer wrote and said that it would be safer and better not to see each other until he had gone. We could write in the meantime, and he used to write every day. I took the letters in in the morning, so there was no need for father to know."

"Were you engaged to the gentleman at this time?"

"Oh, yes, Mr. Holmes. We were engaged after the first walk that we took. Hosmer-Mr. Angel-was a cashier in an office in Leadenhall Street-and-"

cashier - caissier; caissier

"What office?"

"That’s the worst of it, Mr. Holmes, I don’t know."

"Where did he live, then?"

"He slept on the premises."

slept on - dormi

"And you don’t know his address?"

"No-except that it was Leadenhall Street."

"Where did you address your letters, then?"

"To the Leadenhall Street Post Office, to be left till called for. He said that if they were sent to the office he would be chaffed by all the other clerks about having letters from a lady, so I offered to typewrite them, like he did his, but he wouldn’t have that, for he said that when I wrote them they seemed to come from me, but when they were typewritten he always felt that the machine had come between us. That will just show you how fond he was of me, Mr.

chaffed - piquée; balle, bale

clerks - commis; greffier

offered - proposé; offrir, proposer

typewrite - typewrite

fond - fond; tendre, amoureux

Holmes, and the little things that he would think of."

"It was most suggestive," said Holmes. "It has long been an axiom of mine that the little things are infinitely the most important. Can you remember any other little things about Mr. Hosmer Angel?"

axiom - axiome

"He was a very shy man, Mr. Holmes. He would rather walk with me in the evening than in the daylight, for he said that he hated to be conspicuous. Very retiring and gentlemanly he was. Even his voice was gentle. He’d had the quinsy and swollen glands when he was young, he told me, and it had left him with a weak throat, and a hesitating, whispering fashion of speech. He was always well dressed, very neat and plain, but his eyes were weak, just as mine are, and he wore tinted glasses against the glare.

Shy - timide, gené, prudent, embarrassé

daylight - la lumiere du jour; ; jour, lumiere du jour

conspicuous - qui se remarque aisément, visible, voyant, remarquable

retiring - a la retraite; prendre sa retraite

gentlemanly - gentleman

quinsy - quinsy

swollen - gonflé; enfler, gonfler

glands - glandes; glande

throat - gorge, goulot

whispering - chuchotement; (whisper); chuchotement, chuchoter, susurrer

neat - soigné; parure

plain - simple; unie, net, plaine

glare - éblouissement; ; éclat

"Well, and what happened when Mr. Windibank, your stepfather, returned to France?"

"Mr. Hosmer Angel came to the house again and proposed that we should marry before father came back. He was in dreadful earnest and made me swear, with my hands on the Testament, that whatever happened I would always be true to him. Mother said he was quite right to make me swear, and that it was a sign of his passion. Mother was all in his favour from the first and was even fonder of him than I was. Then, when they talked of marrying within the week, I began to ask about father; but they both said never to mind about father, but just to tell him afterwards, and mother said she would make it all right with him.

proposed - proposée; proposer, demander en mariage

swear - jurer; jurer, blasphémer, jurez, jurons, jurent

Testament - testament

passion - passion

favour - favorable; faveur, complaisance, favoriser

fonder - plus affectueux; tendre, amoureux

I didn’t quite like that, Mr. Holmes. It seemed funny that I should ask his leave, as he was only a few years older than me; but I didn’t want to do anything on the sly, so I wrote to father at Bordeaux, where the company has its French offices, but the letter came back to me on the very morning of the wedding."

sly - sly; ; sournois, malin, rusé, matois, espiegle

Bordeaux - bordeaux; Bordeaux

"It missed him, then?"

"Yes, sir; for he had started to England just before it arrived."

"Ha! that was unfortunate. Your wedding was arranged, then, for the Friday. Was it to be in church?"

"Yes, sir, but very quietly. It was to be at St. Saviour’s, near King’s Cross, and we were to have breakfast afterwards at the St. Pancras Hotel. Hosmer came for us in a hansom, but as there were two of us he put us both into it and stepped himself into a four-wheeler, which happened to be the only other cab in the street. We got to the church first, and when the four-wheeler drove up we waited for him to step out, but he never did, and when the cabman got down from the box and looked there was no one there! The cabman said that he could not imagine what had become of him, for he had seen him get in with his own eyes. That was last Friday, Mr. Holmes, and I have never seen or heard anything since then to throw any light upon what became of him.

saviour - sauveur; sauveur

have breakfast - prendre le petit-déjeuner

wheeler - véhicule

looked there - Vous avez regardé la-bas

"It seems to me that you have been very shamefully treated," said Holmes.

shamefully - honteusement

treated - traité; négocier, traiter, traiter, régaler, traiter, guérir

"Oh, no, sir! He was too good and kind to leave me so. Why, all the morning he was saying to me that, whatever happened, I was to be true; and that even if something quite unforeseen occurred to separate us, I was always to remember that I was pledged to him, and that he would claim his pledge sooner or later. It seemed strange talk for a wedding-morning, but what has happened since gives a meaning to it."

unforeseen - imprévu

occurred - s'est produite; produire

pledged - promis; promettre, mettre en gage, serment, gage

"Most certainly it does. Your own opinion is, then, that some unforeseen catastrophe has occurred to him?"

catastrophe - catastrophe

"Yes, sir. I believe that he foresaw some danger, or else he would not have talked so. And then I think that what he foresaw happened."

foresaw - prévoyait; prévoir, anticiper

"But you have no notion as to what it could have been?"

notion - notion


"One more question. How did your mother take the matter?"

"She was angry, and said that I was never to speak of the matter again."

"And your father? Did you tell him?"

"Yes; and he seemed to think, with me, that something had happened, and that I should hear of Hosmer again. As he said, what interest could anyone have in bringing me to the doors of the church, and then leaving me? Now, if he had borrowed my money, or if he had married me and got my money settled on him, there might be some reason, but Hosmer was very independent about money and never would look at a shilling of mine.

settled - réglée; (s'')installer

shilling - shilling; shilling; (shill); homme de paille, prete-nom

And yet, what could have happened? And why could he not write? Oh, it drives me half-mad to think of it, and I can’t sleep a wink at night." She pulled a little handkerchief out of her muff and began to sob heavily into it.

wink at - Un clin d'oil

handkerchief - mouchoir

muff - muff

sob - sanglot; ; fdp

"I shall glance into the case for you," said Holmes, rising, "and I have no doubt that we shall reach some definite result. Let the weight of the matter rest upon me now, and do not let your mind dwell upon it further. Above all, try to let Mr. Hosmer Angel vanish from your memory, as he has done from your life."

definite - définitif

rest upon - repose sur

dwell - s'attarder; ; résider, s'appesantir sur

vanish - disparaître, s'évanouir, s'annuler

"Then you don’t think I’ll see him again?"

"I fear not."

"Then what has happened to him?"

"You will leave that question in my hands. I should like an accurate description of him and any letters of his which you can spare."

accurate - exacte

"I advertised for him in last Saturday’s Chronicle," said she. "Here is the slip and here are four letters from him."

slip - glisser; fiche, glisser, lapsus, patiner

"Thank you. And your address?"

"No. 31 Lyon Place, Camberwell."

"Mr. Angel’s address you never had, I understand. Where is your father’s place of business?"

"He travels for Westhouse & Marbank, the great claret importers of Fenchurch Street."

claret - bordeaux; ; bordeaux-clairet

importers - importateurs; importateur, importatrice

"Thank you. You have made your statement very clearly. You will leave the papers here, and remember the advice which I have given you. Let the whole incident be a sealed book, and do not allow it to affect your life."

incident - incident, checkfait-divers, checkaccident

sealed - scellé; sceau

"You are very kind, Mr. Holmes, but I cannot do that. I shall be true to Hosmer. He shall find me ready when he comes back."

For all the preposterous hat and the vacuous face, there was something noble in the simple faith of our visitor which compelled our respect. She laid her little bundle of papers upon the table and went her way, with a promise to come again whenever she might be summoned.

Faith - la foi; ; foi, rench:, confiance

respect - respect, respecter

bundle - bundle; ; faisceau, fagot, paquet, ballot (of goods)

whenever - chaque fois que

summoned - convoqué; convoquer

Sherlock Holmes sat silent for a few minutes with his fingertips still pressed together, his legs stretched out in front of him, and his gaze directed upward to the ceiling. Then he took down from the rack the old and oily clay pipe, which was to him as a counsellor, and, having lit it, he leaned back in his chair, with the thick blue cloud-wreaths spinning up from him, and a look of infinite languor in his face.

silent - silencieux

pressed - pressé; appuyer sur, presser

upward - a la hausse

oily - huileux, onctueux

pipe - cornemuse, conduit, tuyau, barre verticale, tube, pipe

counsellor - conseiller

leaned - penché; pencher

wreaths - couronnes; couronne, guirlande, tortil

spinning - la filature; ; filer; (spin) la filature; ; filer

infinite - infini, un nombre infini de

"Quite an interesting study, that maiden," he observed. "I found her more interesting than her little problem, which, by the way, is rather a trite one. You will find parallel cases, if you consult my index, in Andover in ’77, and there was something of the sort at The Hague last year. Old as is the idea, however, there were one or two details which were new to me. But the maiden herself was most instructive."

trite - banal; banal

index - index, indice, indexer

The Hague - La Haye

instructive - instructif

"You appeared to read a good deal upon her which was quite invisible to me," I remarked.

invisible - invisible, caché

"Not invisible but unnoticed, Watson. You did not know where to look, and so you missed all that was important. I can never bring you to realise the importance of sleeves, the suggestiveness of thumb-nails, or the great issues that may hang from a boot-lace. Now, what did you gather from that woman’s appearance? Describe it."

unnoticed - inaperçue

suggestiveness - la suggestivité

thumb - pouce, feuilleter

nails - clous; ongle

lace - dentelle; dentelle, pointue

gather from - d'en recueillir

"Well, she had a slate-coloured, broad-brimmed straw hat, with a feather of a brickish red. Her jacket was black, with black beads sewn upon it, and a fringe of little black jet ornaments. Her dress was brown, rather darker than coffee colour, with a little purple plush at the neck and sleeves.

slate - l'ardoise; schisteux, ardoise

straw hat - chapeau de paille

brickish - brique

beads - perles; grain, perle, gouttelette

sewn - cousu; coudre

jet - jet; avion a réaction, jais

ornaments - ornements; ornement, ornement musical

Her gloves were greyish and were worn through at the right forefinger. Her boots I didn’t observe. She had small round, hanging gold earrings, and a general air of being fairly well-to-do in a vulgar, comfortable, easy-going way."

gloves - gants; gant

greyish - grisâtre

Sherlock Holmes clapped his hands softly together and chuckled.

softly - en douceur; ; doucement

" ’Pon my word, Watson, you are coming along wonderfully. You have really done very well indeed. It is true that you have missed everything of importance, but you have hit upon the method, and you have a quick eye for colour. Never trust to general impressions, my boy, but concentrate yourself upon details. My first glance is always at a woman’s sleeve. In a man it is perhaps better first to take the knee of the trouser. As you observe, this woman had plush upon her sleeves, which is a most useful material for showing traces. The double line a little above the wrist, where the typewritist presses against the table, was beautifully defined. The sewing-machine, of the hand type, leaves a similar mark, but only on the left arm, and on the side of it farthest from the thumb, instead of being right across the broadest part, as this was. I then glanced at her face, and, observing the dint of a pince-nez at either side of her nose, I ventured a remark upon short sight and typewriting, which seemed to surprise her.

coming along - a venir

wonderfully - a merveille

hit upon - sur lequel on a frappé

impressions - impressions; impression

concentrate - concentrer

sleeve - manche, chemise (inner), gaine (outer), manchon

trouser - pantalon

traces - des traces; trace

typewritist - dactylographe

presses - presses; appuyer sur, presser

defined - défini; déterminer, définir, définir

sewing-machine - (sewing-machine) machine a coudre

broadest - le plus large; large

dint - n'a pas; bosse

ventured - s'est aventuré; s'aventurer, risquer, oser

"It surprised me."

"But, surely, it was obvious. I was then much surprised and interested on glancing down to observe that, though the boots which she was wearing were not unlike each other, they were really odd ones; the one having a slightly decorated toe-cap, and the other a plain one. One was buttoned only in the two lower buttons out of five, and the other at the first, third, and fifth.

odd - rench: t-needed r, bizarre, étrange, impair, a peu pres

slightly - légerement; ; finement, délicatement, légerement

decorated - décoré; décorer, orner, décorer

toe - l'orteil; ; orteil, doigt de pied

Now, when you see that a young lady, otherwise neatly dressed, has come away from home with odd boots, half-buttoned, it is no great deduction to say that she came away in a hurry."

neatly - proprement, élégamment

"And what else?" I asked, keenly interested, as I always was, by my friend’s incisive reasoning.

"I noted, in passing, that she had written a note before leaving home but after being fully dressed. You observed that her right glove was torn at the forefinger, but you did not apparently see that both glove and finger were stained with violet ink. She had written in a hurry and dipped her pen too deep.

fully - pleinement; ; entierement, completement

torn - déchiré; larme

Violet - violet, violette

dipped - trempé; tremper

It must have been this morning, or the mark would not remain clear upon the finger. All this is amusing, though rather elementary, but I must go back to business, Watson. Would you mind reading me the advertised description of Mr. Hosmer Angel?"

amusing - amusant; amuser

elementary - élémentaire

I held the little printed slip to the light.

"Missing," it said, "on the morning of the fourteenth, a gentleman named Hosmer Angel. About five ft. seven in. in height; strongly built, sallow complexion, black hair, a little bald in the centre, bushy, black side-whiskers and moustache; tinted glasses, slight infirmity of speech.

Fourteenth - quatorzieme; ; quatorzieme (''before the noun''); (''in names of monarchs and popes'') quatorze (''after the name'') (''abbreviation'' XIV)

ft - ft; pied

sallow - pâle; incolore, pâlot, blafard, pâle

complexion - le teint; ; teint, complexion

whiskers - moustaches; favoris-p, poil de barbe, moustache, vibrisse

moustache - moustache, bacchante

infirmity - l'infirmité; ; infirmité

Was dressed, when last seen, in black frock-coat faced with silk, black waistcoat, gold Albert chain, and grey Harris tweed trousers, with brown gaiters over elastic-sided boots. Known to have been employed in an office in Leadenhall Street. Anybody bringing-"

elastic - élastique

"That will do," said Holmes. "As to the letters," he continued, glancing over them, "they are very commonplace. Absolutely no clue in them to Mr. Angel, save that he quotes Balzac once. There is one remarkable point, however, which will no doubt strike you."

quotes - citations; citation, guillemet, devis, cotation, citer, deviser

Balzac - balzac; Balzac

strike - greve; ; biffer, rayer, barrer, frapper, battre, faire greve

"They are typewritten," I remarked.

"Not only that, but the signature is typewritten. Look at the neat little ‘Hosmer Angel’ at the bottom. There is a date, you see, but no superscription except Leadenhall Street, which is rather vague. The point about the signature is very suggestive-in fact, we may call it conclusive."

superscription - superscription

conclusive - concluante

"Of what?"

"My dear fellow, is it possible you do not see how strongly it bears upon the case?"

"I cannot say that I do unless it were that he wished to be able to deny his signature if an action for breach of promise were instituted."

deny - refuser

breach - infraction, violation, breche, brouille

instituted - institué; institut

"No, that was not the point. However, I shall write two letters, which should settle the matter. One is to a firm in the City, the other is to the young lady’s stepfather, Mr. Windibank, asking him whether he could meet us here at six o’clock to-morrow evening.

It is just as well that we should do business with the male relatives. And now, Doctor, we can do nothing until the answers to those letters come, so we may put our little problem upon the shelf for the interim."

relatives - parents; relatif, parent, géniteur, génitrice

interim - intérimaire; ; intervalle, intérim

I left him then, still puffing at his black clay pipe, with the conviction that when I came again on the next evening I would find that he held in his hands all the clues which would lead up to the identity of the disappearing bridegroom of Miss Mary Sutherland.

puffing - souffler; (puff) souffler

A professional case of great gravity was engaging my own attention at the time, and the whole of next day I was busy at the bedside of the sufferer. It was not until close upon six o’clock that I found myself free and was able to spring into a hansom and drive to Baker Street, half afraid that I might be too late to assist at the dénouement of the little mystery.

gravity - la gravité; ; gravité, pesanteur

engaging - engageant; attirer l'attention, engager, engager, embrayer

bedside - au chevet du malade

sufferer - souffrant; ; malade

assist - assister, aider, passe décisive

I found Sherlock Holmes alone, however, half asleep, with his long, thin form curled up in the recesses of his armchair. A formidable array of bottles and test-tubes, with the pungent cleanly smell of hydrochloric acid, told me that he had spent his day in the chemical work which was so dear to him.

recesses - les récréations; reces, vacances-p, récréation, récré, pause

array - gamme, kyrielle, ribambelle, éventail, tableau

test-tubes - (test-tubes) des tubes a essai

pungent - âcre, pointu, piquant

cleanly - proprement

hydrochloric acid - l'acide hydrochlorique

chemical - chimique, produit chimique

"Well, have you solved it?" I asked as I entered.

"Yes. It was the bisulphate of baryta."

bisulphate - bisulfate

baryta - baryté

"No, no, the mystery!" I cried.

"Oh, that! I thought of the salt that I have been working upon. There was never any mystery in the matter, though, as I said yesterday, some of the details are of interest. The only drawback is that there is no law, I fear, that can touch the scoundrel."

drawback - inconvénients; ; inconvénient, désavantage, drawback

scoundrel - canaille; ; scélérat, scélérate, gredin, gredine

"Who was he, then, and what was his object in deserting Miss Sutherland?"

The question was hardly out of my mouth, and Holmes had not yet opened his lips to reply, when we heard a heavy footfall in the passage and a tap at the door.

"This is the girl’s stepfather, Mr. James Windibank," said Holmes. "He has written to me to say that he would be here at six. Come in!"

The man who entered was a sturdy, middle-sized fellow, some thirty years of age, clean-shaven, and sallow-skinned, with a bland, insinuating manner, and a pair of wonderfully sharp and penetrating grey eyes. He shot a questioning glance at each of us, placed his shiny top-hat upon the sideboard, and with a slight bow sidled down into the nearest chair.

sturdy - solide, costaud, robuste

bland - fade; doucereux

insinuating - insinuer; insinuer, insinuer

penetrating - pénétrant; pénétrer

sideboard - le buffet; ; buffet

bow - l'arc; arc

sidled - sidled; se faufiler

"Good-evening, Mr. James Windibank," said Holmes. "I think that this typewritten letter is from you, in which you made an appointment with me for six o’clock?"

appointment - nomination, rendez-vous, rance

"Yes, sir. I am afraid that I am a little late, but I am not quite my own master, you know. I am sorry that Miss Sutherland has troubled you about this little matter, for I think it is far better not to wash linen of the sort in public. It was quite against my wishes that she came, but she is a very excitable, impulsive girl, as you may have noticed, and she is not easily controlled when she has made up her mind on a point. Of course, I did not mind you so much, as you are not connected with the official police, but it is not pleasant to have a family misfortune like this noised abroad. Besides, it is a useless expense, for how could you possibly find this Hosmer Angel?

linen - le linge; ; toile, lin, linge, linge

excitable - excitable

impulsive - impulsif

pleasant - agréable, plaisant

misfortune - malchance, mésaventure, malheur

useless - inutile, inutilisable, bon a rien

"On the contrary," said Holmes quietly; "I have every reason to believe that I will succeed in discovering Mr. Hosmer Angel."

Mr. Windibank gave a violent start and dropped his gloves. "I am delighted to hear it," he said.

"It is a curious thing," remarked Holmes, "that a typewriter has really quite as much individuality as a man’s handwriting. Unless they are quite new, no two of them write exactly alike. Some letters get more worn than others, and some wear only on one side.

typewriter - machine a écrire; ; machine a écrire, dactylo

individuality - l'individualité

handwriting - l'écriture; ; écriture de main

alike - comme; ; semblable, pareil, analogue, pareillement

Now, you remark in this note of yours, Mr. Windibank, that in every case there is some little slurring over of the ‘e,’ and a slight defect in the tail of the ‘r.’ There are fourteen other characteristics, but those are the more obvious."

slurring - le bavardage; insulte, injure, liaison d'expression, coulé

defect - défaut, déserter, passer a, rench: t-needed r

tail - queue; queue

characteristics - caractéristiques; caractéristique, caractéristique

"We do all our correspondence with this machine at the office, and no doubt it is a little worn," our visitor answered, glancing keenly at Holmes with his bright little eyes.

correspondence - correspondance, chronique

"And now I will show you what is really a very interesting study, Mr. Windibank," Holmes continued. "I think of writing another little monograph some of these days on the typewriter and its relation to crime. It is a subject to which I have devoted some little attention. I have here four letters which purport to come from the missing man.

monograph - monographie

devoted - dévouée; consacrer, vouer

They are all typewritten. In each case, not only are the ‘e’s’ slurred and the ‘r’s’ tailless, but you will observe, if you care to use my magnifying lens, that the fourteen other characteristics to which I have alluded are there as well."

slurred - bafouillé; insulte, injure, liaison d'expression, coulé, legato

alluded - allusion; alluder, faire allusion, suggérer

Mr. Windibank sprang out of his chair and picked up his hat. "I cannot waste time over this sort of fantastic talk, Mr. Holmes," he said. "If you can catch the man, catch him, and let me know when you have done it."

waste time - perdre du temps

"Certainly," said Holmes, stepping over and turning the key in the door. "I let you know, then, that I have caught him!"

"What! where?" shouted Mr. Windibank, turning white to his lips and glancing about him like a rat in a trap.

rat - rat; rat

trap - piege; piege

"Oh, it won’t do-really it won’t," said Holmes suavely. "There is no possible getting out of it, Mr. Windibank. It is quite too transparent, and it was a very bad compliment when you said that it was impossible for me to solve so simple a question. That’s right! Sit down and let us talk it over."

suavely - suavement

Our visitor collapsed into a chair, with a ghastly face and a glitter of moisture on his brow. "It-it’s not actionable," he stammered.

collapsed - effondré; s'effondrer, s'effondrer, effondrement

ghastly - épouvantable, effrayant, affreux, horrible

glitter - paillettes; ; étincellement, paillette, briller

moisture - l'humidité; ; humidité

brow - sourcils; ; andouiller d'oil, maître andouiller

actionable - actionnable

stammered - balbutié; balbutier, bégayer, bégaiement

"I am very much afraid that it is not. But between ourselves, Windibank, it was as cruel and selfish and heartless a trick in a petty way as ever came before me. Now, let me just run over the course of events, and you will contradict me if I go wrong."

cruel - cruel; cruel

Selfish - égoiste; ; égoiste

heartless - sans cour; ; sans-cour

petty - petit, insignifiant, mesquin

contradict - contredire

The man sat huddled up in his chair, with his head sunk upon his breast, like one who is utterly crushed. Holmes stuck his feet up on the corner of the mantelpiece and, leaning back with his hands in his pockets, began talking, rather to himself, as it seemed, than to us.

huddled up - blottis

breast - sein, poitrine, cour, poitrail, blanc

utterly - tout a fait

crushed - écrasé; barricade, béguin, amourette, faible, coup de cour

stuck - coincé; enfoncer

leaning - penchant, adossant; (lean) penchant, adossant

"The man married a woman very much older than himself for her money," said he, "and he enjoyed the use of the money of the daughter as long as she lived with them. It was a considerable sum, for people in their position, and the loss of it would have made a serious difference. It was worth an effort to preserve it. The daughter was of a good, amiable disposition, but affectionate and warm-hearted in her ways, so that it was evident that with her fair personal advantages, and her little income, she would not be allowed to remain single long. Now her marriage would mean, of course, the loss of a hundred a year, so what does her stepfather do to prevent it? He takes the obvious course of keeping her at home and forbidding her to seek the company of people of her own age.

disposition - disposition, tempérament

affectionate - affectueux

seek - chercher

But soon he found that that would not answer forever. She became restive, insisted upon her rights, and finally announced her positive intention of going to a certain ball. What does her clever stepfather do then? He conceives an idea more creditable to his head than to his heart. With the connivance and assistance of his wife he disguised himself, covered those keen eyes with tinted glasses, masked the face with a moustache and a pair of bushy whiskers, sunk that clear voice into an insinuating whisper, and doubly secure on account of the girl’s short sight, he appears as Mr. Hosmer Angel, and keeps off other lovers by making love himself."

restive - rétive; ; rétif

insisted - insisté; insister

conceives - conçoit-elle; concevoir, concevoir, tomber enceinte

creditable - crédible

connivance - connivence

disguised - déguisé; déguisement, déguiser

masked - masqué; masque

whisper - chuchotement, chuchoter, susurrer, murmurer

doubly - doublement

"It was only a joke at first," groaned our visitor. "We never thought that she would have been so carried away."

groaned - gémi; râle, râlement, gémissement, grognement, grondement

"Very likely not. However that may be, the young lady was very decidedly carried away, and, having quite made up her mind that her stepfather was in France, the suspicion of treachery never for an instant entered her mind. She was flattered by the gentleman’s attentions, and the effect was increased by the loudly expressed admiration of her mother. Then Mr. Angel began to call, for it was obvious that the matter should be pushed as far as it would go if a real effect were to be produced. There were meetings, and an engagement, which would finally secure the girl’s affections from turning towards anyone else. But the deception could not be kept up forever. These pretended journeys to France were rather cumbrous. The thing to do was clearly to bring the business to an end in such a dramatic manner that it would leave a permanent impression upon the young lady’s mind and prevent her from looking upon any other suitor for some time to come.

decidedly - résolument; ; décidément, clairement

flattered - flattée; flatter

engagement - l'engagement; ; fiançailles

deception - supercherie, tromperie

pretended - prétendu; prétendre, prétendre a, feindre, faire semblant

cumbrous - cumbrous

dramatic - dramatique, spectaculaire

permanent - permanent, permanente

suitor - plaideur, prétendant, soupirant

Hence those vows of fidelity exacted upon a Testament, and hence also the allusions to a possibility of something happening on the very morning of the wedding. James Windibank wished Miss Sutherland to be so bound to Hosmer Angel, and so uncertain as to his fate, that for ten years to come, at any rate, she would not listen to another man. As far as the church door he brought her, and then, as he could go no farther, he conveniently vanished away by the old trick of stepping in at one door of a four-wheeler and out at the other. I think that was the chain of events, Mr. Windibank!"

vows - voux; voeu, vou, jurer

fidelity - fidélité

allusions - des allusions; allusion

fate - le destin; ; destin, destinée, sort

Our visitor had recovered something of his assurance while Holmes had been talking, and he rose from his chair now with a cold sneer upon his pale face.

assurance - l'assurance; ; assurance, culot, assurance

"It may be so, or it may not, Mr. Holmes," said he, "but if you are so very sharp you ought to be sharp enough to know that it is you who are breaking the law now, and not me. I have done nothing actionable from the first, but as long as you keep that door locked you lay yourself open to an action for assault and illegal constraint."

assault - d'agression; ; assaut, agression, attaquer, agresser

illegal - illégal, sansapiers, clandestin, immigrant illégal

constraint - contrainte

"The law cannot, as you say, touch you," said Holmes, unlocking and throwing open the door, "yet there never was a man who deserved punishment more. If the young lady has a brother or a friend, he ought to lay a whip across your shoulders. By Jove!" he continued, flushing up at the sight of the bitter sneer upon the man’s face, "it is not part of my duties to my client, but here’s a hunting crop handy, and I think I shall just treat myself to-" He took two swift steps to the whip, but before he could grasp it there was a wild clatter of steps upon the stairs, the heavy hall door banged, and from the window we could see Mr.

unlocking - déverrouillage; déverrouiller, déverrouiller, débloquer

deserved - mérité; mériter

punishment - punition, châtiment

whip - fouet, whip, fouetter, flageller, défaire, battre

Jove - jove; Jupin

Bitter - amere; amer, saumâtre

swift - rapide, martinet, dévidoir

clatter - claquer, craquer, claquement, craquement, vacarme

banged - cogné; détonation

James Windibank running at the top of his speed down the road.

"There’s a cold-blooded scoundrel!" said Holmes, laughing, as he threw himself down into his chair once more. "That fellow will rise from crime to crime until he does something very bad, and ends on a gallows. The case has, in some respects, been not entirely devoid of interest."

cold-blooded - (cold-blooded) de sang froid

gallows - la potence; potence; (gallow) la potence; potence

respects - respecte; respect, respecter

devoid - dépourvu

"I cannot now entirely see all the steps of your reasoning," I remarked.

"Well, of course it was obvious from the first that this Mr. Hosmer Angel must have some strong object for his curious conduct, and it was equally clear that the only man who really profited by the incident, as far as we could see, was the stepfather. Then the fact that the two men were never together, but that the one always appeared when the other was away, was suggestive. So were the tinted spectacles and the curious voice, which both hinted at a disguise, as did the bushy whiskers.

profited - en a profité; profit, gain, bénéfice, bénéfice, profitable

spectacles - lunettes; spectacle

hinted at - insinué

disguise - déguisement, déguiser

My suspicions were all confirmed by his peculiar action in typewriting his signature, which, of course, inferred that his handwriting was so familiar to her that she would recognise even the smallest sample of it. You see all these isolated facts, together with many minor ones, all pointed in the same direction."

suspicions - des soupçons; suspicion, soupçon, soupçon

confirmed - confirmée; confirmer

inferred - déduit; déduire, inférer, déduire

recognise - reconnaître

sample - échantillon, extrait, exemple, échantillonner, gouter

isolated - isolée; isoler, esseuler, isoler

minor - mineur, mineur

"And how did you verify them?"

verify - vérifier

"Having once spotted my man, it was easy to get corroboration. I knew the firm for which this man worked. Having taken the printed description. I eliminated everything from it which could be the result of a disguise-the whiskers, the glasses, the voice, and I sent it to the firm, with a request that they would inform me whether it answered to the description of any of their travellers. I had already noticed the peculiarities of the typewriter, and I wrote to the man himself at his business address asking him if he would come here.

spotted - repéré; tache, bouton, peu, endroit, zone, détecter, trouver

corroboration - corroboration

eliminated - éliminé; éliminer, tuer, rench: -neededr, rench: -neededr

inform - informer; renseignent, faire savoir, renseignons, informez

travellers - voyageurs; voyageur, voyageuse

peculiarities - particularités; singularité, bizarrerie, étrangeté

As I expected, his reply was typewritten and revealed the same trivial but characteristic defects. The same post brought me a letter from Westhouse & Marbank, of Fenchurch Street, to say that the description tallied in every respect with that of their employé, James Windibank. Voila tout!"

revealed - révélée; révéler, révéler, laisser voir

trivial - insignifiante; ; trivial, anodin, banal

characteristic - caractéristique, caractéristique

defects - défauts; défaut, déserter, passer a, rench: -neededr

tallied - comptabilisés; compte

"And Miss Sutherland?"

"If I tell her she will not believe me. You may remember the old Persian saying, ‘There is danger for him who taketh the tiger cub, and danger also for whoso snatches a delusion from a woman.’ There is as much sense in Hafiz as in Horace, and as much knowledge of the world."

Persian - Persan

taketh - prendre

tiger - tigre; tigre, tigresse

cub - cub; petit (d''un animal)

whoso - quiconque

snatches - des arrachages de dents; empoigner, happer, saisir, arracher

delusion - illusion, délire


We were seated at breakfast one morning, my wife and I, when the maid brought in a telegram. It was from Sherlock Holmes and ran in this way:

at breakfast - au petit-déjeuner

telegram - télégramme, dépeche

"Have you a couple of days to spare? Have just been wired for from the west of England in connection with Boscombe Valley tragedy. Shall be glad if you will come with me. Air and scenery perfect. Leave Paddington by the 11:15."

wired - câblée; ; branché, sur écoute, attaché, surexcité; (wire); fil

scenery - décor naturel, paysage, décor

"What do you say, dear?" said my wife, looking across at me. "Will you go?"

"I really don’t know what to say. I have a fairly long list at present."

"Oh, Anstruther would do your work for you. You have been looking a little pale lately. I think that the change would do you good, and you are always so interested in Mr. Sherlock Holmes’ cases."

"I should be ungrateful if I were not, seeing what I gained through one of them," I answered. "But if I am to go, I must pack at once, for I have only half an hour."

ungrateful - ingrat

My experience of camp life in Afghanistan had at least had the effect of making me a prompt and ready traveller. My wants were few and simple, so that in less than the time stated I was in a cab with my valise, rattling away to Paddington Station. Sherlock Holmes was pacing up and down the platform, his tall, gaunt figure made even gaunter and taller by his long grey travelling-cloak and close-fitting cloth cap.

Afghanistan - l'afghanistan; Afghanistan

valise - valise; valise

rattling - le cliquetis; (rattle) le cliquetis

gaunter - gaunter; maigre, osseux, anguleux, émacié

"It is really very good of you to come, Watson," said he. "It makes a considerable difference to me, having someone with me on whom I can thoroughly rely. Local aid is always either worthless or else biassed. If you will keep the two corner seats I shall get the tickets."

aid - l'aide; aider, aide, assister, secourir

worthless - sans valeur, ne vaut rien, misérable, nul

biassed - biaisé; préjugé, parti-pris, biais, préjugé, parti-pris

We had the carriage to ourselves save for an immense litter of papers which Holmes had brought with him. Among these he rummaged and read, with intervals of note-taking and of meditation, until we were past Reading. Then he suddenly rolled them all into a gigantic ball and tossed them up onto the rack.

litter - litiere; ; litiere, portée, détritus

rummaged - fouillé; fouiller, fouiller, fouiller

intervals - intervalles; intervalle, intervalle

meditation - méditation

"Have you heard anything of the case?" he asked.

"Not a word. I have not seen a paper for some days."

"The London press has not had very full accounts. I have just been looking through all the recent papers in order to master the particulars. It seems, from what I gather, to be one of those simple cases which are so extremely difficult."

accounts - comptes; compte

gather - rassembler, ramasser, recueillir, déduire

"That sounds a little paradoxical."

paradoxical - paradoxal

"But it is profoundly true. Singularity is almost invariably a clue. The more featureless and commonplace a crime is, the more difficult it is to bring it home. In this case, however, they have established a very serious case against the son of the murdered man."

profoundly - profondément

Singularity - singularité, point de fuite

invariably - invariablement

established - établie; affermir, établir, établir

murdered - assassiné; meurtre, homicide, meurtre, assassinat, occire

"It is a murder, then?"

"Well, it is conjectured to be so. I shall take nothing for granted until I have the opportunity of looking personally into it. I will explain the state of things to you, as far as I have been able to understand it, in a very few words.

conjectured - conjecturé; conjecture, conjecture, conjecture, conjecturer

granted - accordée; accorder, admettre

"Boscombe Valley is a country district not very far from Ross, in Herefordshire. The largest landed proprietor in that part is a Mr. John Turner, who made his money in Australia and returned some years ago to the old country. One of the farms which he held, that of Hatherley, was let to Mr. Charles McCarthy, who was also an ex-Australian. The men had known each other in the colonies, so that it was not unnatural that when they came to settle down they should do so as near each other as possible. Turner was apparently the richer man, so McCarthy became his tenant but still remained, it seems, upon terms of perfect equality, as they were frequently together.

district - district, district, checkrégion

Proprietor - propriétaire

Charles - charles; Charles

ex - ex; ex

Australian - Australien, Australienne

colonies - colonies; colonie, colonie

tenant - locataire; locataire

equality - l'égalité; ; égalité

McCarthy had one son, a lad of eighteen, and Turner had an only daughter of the same age, but neither of them had wives living. They appear to have avoided the society of the neighbouring English families and to have led retired lives, though both the McCarthys were fond of sport and were frequently seen at the race-meetings of the neighbourhood. McCarthy kept two servants-a man and a girl. Turner had a considerable household, some half-dozen at the least. That is as much as I have been able to gather about the families. Now for the facts.

servants - serviteurs; serviteur, domestique, servante, domestique, fr

"From Hatherley Farmhouse to the Boscombe Pool is a quarter of a mile, and two people saw him as he passed over this ground. One was an old woman, whose name is not mentioned, and the other was William Crowder, a game-keeper in the employ of Mr. Turner. Both these witnesses depose that Mr. McCarthy was walking alone. The game-keeper adds that within a few minutes of his seeing Mr.

keeper - gardien, gardienne, perle, conservateur, conservatrice

witnesses - des témoins; témoignage, témoin, témoin, preuve, témoigner

depose - déposer, faire une déposition, prester serment, checkinterroger

McCarthy pass he had seen his son, Mr. James McCarthy, going the same way with a gun under his arm. To the best of his belief, the father was actually in sight at the time, and the son was following him. He thought no more of the matter until he heard in the evening of the tragedy that had occurred.

"The two McCarthys were seen after the time when William Crowder, the game-keeper, lost sight of them. The Boscombe Pool is thickly wooded round, with just a fringe of grass and of reeds round the edge. A girl of fourteen, Patience Moran, who is the daughter of the lodge-keeper of the Boscombe Valley estate, was in one of the woods picking flowers. She states that while she was there she saw, at the border of the wood and close by the lake, Mr. McCarthy and his son, and that they appeared to be having a violent quarrel. She heard Mr. McCarthy the elder using very strong language to his son, and she saw the latter raise up his hand as if to strike his father. She was so frightened by their violence that she ran away and told her mother when she reached home that she had left the two McCarthys quarrelling near Boscombe Pool, and that she was afraid that they were going to fight. She had hardly said the words when young Mr. McCarthy came running up to the lodge to say that he had found his father dead in the wood, and to ask for the help of the lodge-keeper. He was much excited, without either his gun or his hat, and his right hand and sleeve were observed to be stained with fresh blood. On following him they found the dead body stretched out upon the grass beside the pool. The head had been beaten in by repeated blows of some heavy and blunt weapon. The injuries were such as might very well have been inflicted by the butt-end of his son’s gun, which was found lying on the grass within a few paces of the body.

thickly - épais; ; épaissement

reeds - anches; roseau

patience - la patience; ; patience

estate - patrimoine, noblesse, proprieté, biens, domaine, propriété

border - frontiere; ; frontiere, bord, bordure, délimiter, border

frightened - effrayé; effrayer, redouter, terrifier

violence - la violence; ; violence

quarrelling - des querelles; (quarrel) des querelles

running up - en cours d'exécution

blunt - émoussé; émoussé

inflicted - infligé; infliger

butt - de fesses; crosse

paces - des allures; pas

Under these circumstances the young man was instantly arrested, and a verdict of ‘wilful murder’ having been returned at the inquest on Tuesday, he was on Wednesday brought before the magistrates at Ross, who have referred the case to the next Assizes. Those are the main facts of the case as they came out before the coroner and the police-court."

arrested - arreté; arrestation, arreter

verdict - verdict

inquest - enquete (criminelle)

magistrates - magistrats; magistrat

coroner - médecin légiste, coroner

"I could hardly imagine a more damning case," I remarked. "If ever circumstantial evidence pointed to a criminal it does so here."

damning - accablant; condamner, damner, damner, réprouver, foutu, putain

circumstantial evidence - des preuves circonstancielles

"Circumstantial evidence is a very tricky thing," answered Holmes thoughtfully. "It may seem to point very straight to one thing, but if you shift your own point of view a little, you may find it pointing in an equally uncompromising manner to something entirely different. It must be confessed, however, that the case looks exceedingly grave against the young man, and it is very possible that he is indeed the culprit. There are several people in the neighbourhood, however, and among them Miss Turner, the daughter of the neighbouring landowner, who believe in his innocence, and who have retained Lestrade, whom you may recollect in connection with the Study in Scarlet, to work out the case in his interest.

tricky - épineux, compliqué, complexe, délicat, rusé

thoughtfully - de maniere réfléchie

shift - changement; ; quart, équipe, poste, décalage, vitesse

uncompromising - intransigeant

culprit - coupable

landowner - propriétaire foncier; ; propriétaire terrien

innocence - l'innocence; ; innocence, candeur

retained - retenue; retenir, conserver, maintenir

recollect - se souvenir; se ressaisir

Lestrade, being rather puzzled, has referred the case to me, and hence it is that two middle-aged gentlemen are flying westward at fifty miles an hour instead of quietly digesting their breakfasts at home."

digesting - digérer; digérer

"I am afraid," said I, "that the facts are so obvious that you will find little credit to be gained out of this case."

"There is nothing more deceptive than an obvious fact," he answered, laughing. "Besides, we may chance to hit upon some other obvious facts which may have been by no means obvious to Mr. Lestrade. You know me too well to think that I am boasting when I say that I shall either confirm or destroy his theory by means which he is quite incapable of employing, or even of understanding. To take the first example to hand, I very clearly perceive that in your bedroom the window is upon the right-hand side, and yet I question whether Mr.

deceptive - trompeuse

confirm - confirmer

theory - théorie

incapable - incapable

Lestrade would have noted even so self-evident a thing as that."

"How on earth-"

"My dear fellow, I know you well. I know the military neatness which characterises you. You shave every morning, and in this season you shave by the sunlight; but since your shaving is less and less complete as we get farther back on the left side, until it becomes positively slovenly as we get round the angle of the jaw, it is surely very clear that that side is less illuminated than the other. I could not imagine a man of your habits looking at himself in an equal light and being satisfied with such a result.

military - militaire (1, 2), armée, troupes

neatness - la propreté; ; netteté

shave - se raser; rasent, raser, barbifier, rasez, rasons

sunlight - la lumiere du soleil; ; lumiere du soleil

positively - positivement

slovenly - négligé, dépeigné, sale, bâclé

jaw - mâchoire; mâchoire

illuminated - éclairé; illuminer

Equal - l'égalité; ; égal, égaler a, égal, égale

I only quote this as a trivial example of observation and inference. Therein lies my métier, and it is just possible that it may be of some service in the investigation which lies before us. There are one or two minor points which were brought out in the inquest, and which are worth considering."

quote - citation, guillemet, devis, cotation, citer, deviser, coter

inference - inférence, déduction

Therein - dans

"What are they?"

"It appears that his arrest did not take place at once, but after the return to Hatherley Farm. On the inspector of constabulary informing him that he was a prisoner, he remarked that he was not surprised to hear it, and that it was no more than his deserts. This observation of his had the natural effect of removing any traces of doubt which might have remained in the minds of the coroner’s jury."

constabulary - la gendarmerie; ; gendarmerie

informing - informer; informer, avertir (de)

jury - jury; jury

"It was a confession," I ejaculated.

confession - confession

"No, for it was followed by a protestation of innocence."

protestation - protestation

"Coming on the top of such a damning series of events, it was at least a most suspicious remark."

most suspicious - le plus suspect

"On the contrary," said Holmes, "it is the brightest rift which I can at present see in the clouds. However innocent he might be, he could not be such an absolute imbecile as not to see that the circumstances were very black against him. Had he appeared surprised at his own arrest, or feigned indignation at it, I should have looked upon it as highly suspicious, because such surprise or anger would not be natural under the circumstances, and yet might appear to be the best policy to a scheming man. His frank acceptance of the situation marks him as either an innocent man, or else as a man of considerable self-restraint and firmness. As to his remark about his deserts, it was also not unnatural if you consider that he stood beside the dead body of his father, and that there is no doubt that he had that very day so far forgotten his filial duty as to bandy words with him, and even, according to the little girl whose evidence is so important, to raise his hand as if to strike him. The self-reproach and contrition which are displayed in his remark appear to me to be the signs of a healthy mind rather than of a guilty one.

rift - faille; fissure, fente

innocent - innocent

feigned - feint; feindre

indignation - l'indignation; ; indignation

anger - la colere; ; colere, ire, courroux, rage

policy - politique; politique

scheming - des magouilles; (scheme); plan, combine, machination, schéma

frank - franche; franc

acceptance - l'acceptation; ; acceptation, adhésion, admission, adoption

restraint - la retenue; ; contention, frein, retenue

firmness - la fermeté; ; fermeté

filial - filial

Duty - le devoir; ; devoir, obligation, service, travail, taxe

bandy - bandy; arqué

reproach - des reproches; ; reproche, opprobre, reprocher

contrition - la contrition; ; contrition, componction

displayed - affichée; représentation, spectacle, moniteur, écran

guilty - coupable, coupable

I shook my head. "Many men have been hanged on far slighter evidence," I remarked.

hanged - pendu

slighter - plus léger; (slight); insignifiant, léger

"So they have. And many men have been wrongfully hanged."

wrongfully - a tort

"What is the young man’s own account of the matter?"

"It is, I am afraid, not very encouraging to his supporters, though there are one or two points in it which are suggestive. You will find it here, and may read it for yourself."

encouraging - encourageant; encourager, encourager

supporters - supporters; partisan, partisane, supporter, supporteur

He picked out from his bundle a copy of the local Herefordshire paper, and having turned down the sheet he pointed out the paragraph in which the unfortunate young man had given his own statement of what had occurred. I settled myself down in the corner of the carriage and read it very carefully. It ran in this way:

"Mr. James McCarthy, the only son of the deceased, was then called and gave evidence as follows: ‘I had been away from home for three days at Bristol, and had only just returned upon the morning of last Monday, the 3rd. My father was absent from home at the time of my arrival, and I was informed by the maid that he had driven over to Ross with John Cobb, the groom. Shortly after my return I heard the wheels of his trap in the yard, and, looking out of my window, I saw him get out and walk rapidly out of the yard, though I was not aware in which direction he was going. I then took my gun and strolled out in the direction of the Boscombe Pool, with the intention of visiting the rabbit warren which is upon the other side. On my way I saw William Crowder, the game-keeper, as he had stated in his evidence; but he is mistaken in thinking that I was following my father. I had no idea that he was in front of me. When about a hundred yards from the pool I heard a cry of "Cooee!" which was a usual signal between my father and myself. I then hurried forward, and found him standing by the pool. He appeared to be much surprised at seeing me and asked me rather roughly what I was doing there. A conversation ensued which led to high words and almost to blows, for my father was a man of a very violent temper.

deceased - décédé; déces, décéder, expirer, mourir, trépasser

Bristol - bristol; Bristol

absent - absente; absent

arrival - arrivée, arrivant, arrivante

rapidly - rapidement

strolled - flâné; promenade, flânerie, balade, flâner, promener

rabbit warren - le garenne des lapins

is mistaken - est erronée

Cooee - cooee

roughly - en gros; ; rudement, approximativement

ensued - s'ensuivit; résulter, découler

violent temper - un tempérament violent

Seeing that his passion was becoming ungovernable, I left him and returned towards Hatherley Farm. I had not gone more than 150 yards, however, when I heard a hideous outcry behind me, which caused me to run back again. I found my father expiring upon the ground, with his head terribly injured. I dropped my gun and held him in my arms, but he almost instantly expired. I knelt beside him for some minutes, and then made my way to Mr. Turner’s lodge-keeper, his house being the nearest, to ask for assistance. I saw no one near my father when I returned, and I have no idea how he came by his injuries. He was not a popular man, being somewhat cold and forbidding in his manners, but he had, as far as I know, no active enemies. I know nothing further of the matter.’

ungovernable - ingouvernable

hideous - hideux, strident, atroce, répugnant

outcry - tollé; ; levée de boucliers

expiring - qui expire; expirer

Terribly - terriblement

expired - expiré; expirer

knelt - a genoux; agenouiller

enemies - ennemis; ennemi, ennemie, ennemi

"The Coroner: Did your father make any statement to you before he died?

"Witness: He mumbled a few words, but I could only catch some allusion to a rat.

witness - témoignage, témoin, preuve, témoigner

mumbled - marmonné; marmonner

allusion - allusion

"The Coroner: What did you understand by that?

"Witness: It conveyed no meaning to me. I thought that he was delirious.

delirious - délirant

"The Coroner: What was the point upon which you and your father had this final quarrel?

"Witness: I should prefer not to answer.

"The Coroner: I am afraid that I must press it.

"Witness: It is really impossible for me to tell you. I can assure you that it has nothing to do with the sad tragedy which followed.

"The Coroner: That is for the court to decide. I need not point out to you that your refusal to answer will prejudice your case considerably in any future proceedings which may arise.

refusal - refus

prejudice - préjugés; ; préjugé, idée préconçue, préjudice

Considerably - considérablement, largement

arise - se lever, surgir, apparaitre, naitre

"Witness: I must still refuse.

"The Coroner: I understand that the cry of ‘Cooee’ was a common signal between you and your father?

"Witness: It was.

"The Coroner: How was it, then, that he uttered it before he saw you, and before he even knew that you had returned from Bristol?

uttered - prononcée; complet, total

"Witness (with considerable confusion): I do not know.

confusion - confusion, désordre, malentendu

"A Juryman: Did you see nothing which aroused your suspicions when you returned on hearing the cry and found your father fatally injured?

Juryman - jury

aroused - excité; émoustiller, exciter

fatally - fatalement

"Witness: Nothing definite.

"The Coroner: What do you mean?

"Witness: I was so disturbed and excited as I rushed out into the open, that I could think of nothing except of my father. Yet I have a vague impression that as I ran forward something lay upon the ground to the left of me. It seemed to me to be something grey in colour, a coat of some sort, or a plaid perhaps. When I rose from my father I looked round for it, but it was gone.

disturbed - perturbé; déranger, perturber, gener, perturber, déranger

plaid - écossais

" ‘Do you mean that it disappeared before you went for help?’

" ‘Yes, it was gone.’

" ‘You cannot say what it was?’

" ‘No, I had a feeling something was there.’

" ‘How far from the body?’

" ‘A dozen yards or so.’

" ‘And how far from the edge of the wood?’

" ‘About the same.’

" ‘Then if it was removed it was while you were within a dozen yards of it?’

" ‘Yes, but with my back towards it.’

"This concluded the examination of the witness."

concluded - conclu; conclure

examination - l'examen; ; examen

"I see," said I as I glanced down the column, "that the coroner in his concluding remarks was rather severe upon young McCarthy. He calls attention, and with reason, to the discrepancy about his father having signalled to him before seeing him, also to his refusal to give details of his conversation with his father, and his singular account of his father’s dying words. They are all, as he remarks, very much against the son."

concluding - en conclusion; conclure

remarks - remarques; remarque

severe - sévere; ; grave, sévere

discrepancy - divergence; ; incohérence

signalled - signalée; signal, signal, signal, signaler

give details of - donner des détails

dying - teignant, mourant; (dye) teignant, mourant

Holmes laughed softly to himself and stretched himself out upon the cushioned seat. "Both you and the coroner have been at some pains," said he, "to single out the very strongest points in the young man’s favour. Don’t you see that you alternately give him credit for having too much imagination and too little? Too little, if he could not invent a cause of quarrel which would give him the sympathy of the jury; too much, if he evolved from his own inner consciousness anything so outré as a dying reference to a rat, and the incident of the vanishing cloth. No, sir, I shall approach this case from the point of view that what this young man says is true, and we shall see whither that hypothesis will lead us.

cushioned - amortie; coussin, amortir

evolved - évolué; évoluer, progresser, élaborer

consciousness - la conscience; ; conscience

reference - référence, recommandation, faire référence a, référencer

approach - approche; approchons, abordent, abordez, rapprochons

whither - ou; ou

hypothesis - hypothese; ; hypothese

And now here is my pocket Petrarch, and not another word shall I say of this case until we are on the scene of action. We lunch at Swindon, and I see that we shall be there in twenty minutes."

It was nearly four o’clock when we at last, after passing through the beautiful Stroud Valley, and over the broad gleaming Severn, found ourselves at the pretty little country-town of Ross. A lean, ferret-like man, furtive and sly-looking, was waiting for us upon the platform.

gleaming - étincelante; ; brillant; (gleam) étincelante; ; brillant

lean - maigre; maigre, adossons, adossent, appuyer, adossez

ferret - furet; furet

furtive - furtif, subreptice

In spite of the light brown dustcoat and leather-leggings which he wore in deference to his rustic surroundings, I had no difficulty in recognising Lestrade, of Scotland Yard. With him we drove to the Hereford Arms where a room had already been engaged for us.

spite - dépit; rancune

light brown - brun clair

dustcoat - la couche de poussiere

leggings - des jambieres; molletiere

difficulty - difficulté

Hereford - Hereford

"I have ordered a carriage," said Lestrade as we sat over a cup of tea. "I knew your energetic nature, and that you would not be happy until you had been on the scene of the crime."

"It was very nice and complimentary of you," Holmes answered. "It is entirely a question of barometric pressure."

complimentary - complémentaire

barometric - barométrique

pressure - pression

Lestrade looked startled. "I do not quite follow," he said.

"How is the glass? Twenty-nine, I see. No wind, and not a cloud in the sky. I have a caseful of cigarettes here which need smoking, and the sofa is very much superior to the usual country hotel abomination. I do not think that it is probable that I shall use the carriage to-night."

caseful - casuistique

abomination - abomination

Lestrade laughed indulgently. "You have, no doubt, already formed your conclusions from the newspapers," he said. "The case is as plain as a pikestaff, and the more one goes into it the plainer it becomes. Still, of course, one can’t refuse a lady, and such a very positive one, too.

indulgently - avec indulgence

pikestaff - pikestaff

plainer - plus simple; simple

She has heard of you, and would have your opinion, though I repeatedly told her that there was nothing which you could do which I had not already done. Why, bless my soul! here is her carriage at the door."

repeatedly - de façon répétée

bless - bénir; bénir, bénis, bénissez, bénissent, bénissons

He had hardly spoken before there rushed into the room one of the most lovely young women that I have ever seen in my life. Her violet eyes shining, her lips parted, a pink flush upon her cheeks, all thought of her natural reserve lost in her overpowering excitement and concern.

shining - brillant; tibia

cheeks - joues; joue, fesse, culot, toupet, potence de bringuebale

concern - inquiétude, souci, soin, préoccupation, concerner

"Oh, Mr. Sherlock Holmes!" she cried, glancing from one to the other of us, and finally, with a woman’s quick intuition, fastening upon my companion, "I am so glad that you have come. I have driven down to tell you so. I know that James didn’t do it. I know it, and I want you to start upon your work knowing it, too. Never let yourself doubt upon that point. We have known each other since we were little children, and I know his faults as no one else does; but he is too tender-hearted to hurt a fly.

fastening - fermeture; liage, fermeture; (fasten); attacher, fixer

tender - l'appel d'offres; doux, adjudication, affectieux

Such a charge is absurd to anyone who really knows him."

charge - frais, charge, chef d’accusation, chef d’inculpation, meuble

absurd - absurde

"I hope we may clear him, Miss Turner," said Sherlock Holmes. "You may rely upon my doing all that I can."

"But you have read the evidence. You have formed some conclusion? Do you not see some loophole, some flaw? Do you not yourself think that he is innocent?"

loophole - une faille; ; meurtriere, échappatoire, breche

flaw - défaut; félure

"I think that it is very probable."

"There, now!" she cried, throwing back her head and looking defiantly at Lestrade. "You hear! He gives me hopes."

throwing back - en jetant en arriere

defiantly - par défi

Lestrade shrugged his shoulders. "I am afraid that my colleague has been a little quick in forming his conclusions," he said.

"But he is right. Oh! I know that he is right. James never did it. And about his quarrel with his father, I am sure that the reason why he would not speak about it to the coroner was because I was concerned in it."

"In what way?" asked Holmes.

"It is no time for me to hide anything. James and his father had many disagreements about me. Mr. McCarthy was very anxious that there should be a marriage between us. James and I have always loved each other as brother and sister; but of course he is young and has seen very little of life yet, and-and-well, he naturally did not wish to do anything like that yet. So there were quarrels, and this, I am sure, was one of them."

disagreements - des désaccords; désaccord, désaccord

quarrels - querelles; dispute

"And your father?" asked Holmes. "Was he in favour of such a union?"

Union - l'union; ; union, groupement, connexion, réunion

"No, he was averse to it also. No one but Mr. McCarthy was in favour of it." A quick blush passed over her fresh young face as Holmes shot one of his keen, questioning glances at her.

blush - rougir; rougir

"Thank you for this information," said he. "May I see your father if I call to-morrow?"

"I am afraid the doctor won’t allow it."

"The doctor?"

"Yes, have you not heard? Poor father has never been strong for years back, but this has broken him down completely. He has taken to his bed, and Dr. Willows says that he is a wreck and that his nervous system is shattered. Mr. McCarthy was the only Man alive who had known dad in the old days in Victoria."

willows - des saules; saule

wreck - épave, carcasse, accident, bousiller, ruiner

shattered - brisé; fracasser, réduire en miettes, mettre en pieces, briser

Man alive - Un homme en vie

Victoria - victoria; Victoria, Victoire

"Ha! In Victoria! That is important."

"Yes, at the mines."

"Quite so; at the gold-mines, where, as I understand, Mr. Turner made his money."

"Yes, certainly."

"Thank you, Miss Turner. You have been of material assistance to me."

"You will tell me if you have any news to-morrow. No doubt you will go to the prison to see James. Oh, if you do, Mr. Holmes, do tell him that I know him to be innocent."

"I will, Miss Turner."

"I must go home now, for dad is very ill, and he misses me so if I leave him. Good-bye, and God help you in your undertaking." She hurried from the room as impulsively as she had entered, and we heard the wheels of her carriage rattle off down the street.

undertaking - l'entreprise; ; entreprise; (undertake); entreprendre

impulsively - impulsivement

rattle - cliquetis; claquer, pétarade, ferrailler

"I am ashamed of you, Holmes," said Lestrade with dignity after a few minutes’ silence. "Why should you raise up hopes which you are bound to disappoint? I am not over-tender of heart, but I call it cruel."

dignity - dignité, forme, rang

disappoint - décevoir, désappointer

"I think that I see my way to clearing James McCarthy," said Holmes. "Have you an order to see him in prison?"

"Yes, but only for you and me."

"Then I shall reconsider my resolution about going out. We have still time to take a train to Hereford and see him to-night?"

reconsider - reconsidérer


ample - ample

"Then let us do so. Watson, I fear that you will find it very slow, but I shall only be away a couple of hours."

be away - etre absent

I walked down to the station with them, and then wandered through the streets of the little town, finally returning to the hotel, where I lay upon the sofa and tried to interest myself in a yellow-backed novel. The puny plot of the story was so thin, however, when compared to the deep mystery through which we were groping, and I found my attention wander so continually from the action to the fact, that I at last flung it across the room and gave myself up entirely to a consideration of the events of the day. Supposing that this unhappy young man’s story were absolutely true, then what hellish thing, what absolutely unforeseen and extraordinary calamity could have occurred between the time when he parted from his father, and the moment when, drawn back by his screams, he rushed into the glade? It was something terrible and deadly. What could it be? Might not the nature of the injuries reveal something to my medical instincts? I rang the bell and called for the weekly county paper, which contained a verbatim account of the inquest. In the surgeon’s deposition it was stated that the posterior third of the left parietal bone and the left half of the occipital bone had been shattered by a heavy blow from a blunt weapon. I marked the spot upon my own head.

wandered - erré; errer, vaguer, divaguer

puny - chétif, frele

plot - intrigue, lopin, diagramme, graphique, complot, comploter

groping - tripotage; tâter, tâtonner, tâtonner, tripoter, peloter

flung - jeté; lancer

hellish - infernale; ; infernal

calamity - calamité

screams - des cris; cri, crier

glade - clairiere; ; clairiere

deadly - mortelle; ; mortel, fatal, létal

instincts - instincts; instinct

weekly - hebdomadaire; ; hebdomadairement, chaque semaine

county - comté

verbatim - verbatim

surgeon - chirurgien, chirurgienne

deposition - destitution, déposition, condensation solide

posterior - postérieur, derriere

parietal bone - l'os pariétal

occipital bone - l'os occipital

spot - spot; ; tache, bouton, peu, endroit, zone, détecter, trouver

Clearly such a blow must have been struck from behind. That was to some extent in favour of the accused, as when seen quarrelling he was face to face with his father. Still, it did not go for very much, for the older man might have turned his back before the blow fell. Still, it might be worth while to call Holmes’ attention to it. Then there was the peculiar dying reference to a rat. What could that mean? It could not be delirium. A man dying from a sudden blow does not commonly become delirious. No, it was more likely to be an attempt to explain how he met his fate. But what could it indicate? I cudgelled my brains to find some possible explanation. And then the incident of the grey cloth seen by young McCarthy. If that were true the murderer must have dropped some part of his dress, presumably his overcoat, in his flight, and must have had the hardihood to return and to carry it away at the instant when the son was kneeling with his back turned not a dozen paces off. What a tissue of mysteries and improbabilities the whole thing was! I did not wonder at Lestrade’s opinion, and yet I had so much faith in Sherlock Holmes’ insight that I could not lose hope as long as every fresh fact seemed to strengthen his conviction of young McCarthy’s innocence.

extent - mesure, étendue

accused - accusé; accuser

delirium - le délire; ; délire

commonly - communément; ; fréquemment

indicate - indiquer, signaler

cudgelled - cudgelled; gourdin

hardihood - hardiesse

kneeling - a genoux; (kneel)

tissue - tissu, mouchoir en papier, kleenex

insight - de la perspicacité; ; introspection, perspicacité, aperçu

It was late before Sherlock Holmes returned. He came back alone, for Lestrade was staying in lodgings in the town.

"The glass still keeps very high," he remarked as he sat down. "It is of importance that it should not rain before we are able to go over the ground. On the other hand, a man should be at his very best and keenest for such nice work as that, and I did not wish to do it when fagged by a long journey. I have seen young McCarthy."

keenest - le plus enthousiaste; passionné

fagged - fagoté; corvée

"And what did you learn from him?"


"Could he throw no light?"

"None at all. I was inclined to think at one time that he knew who had done it and was screening him or her, but I am convinced now that he is as puzzled as everyone else. He is not a very quick-witted youth, though comely to look at and, I should think, sound at heart."

comely - agréable; ; avenant

"I cannot admire his taste," I remarked, "if it is indeed a fact that he was averse to a marriage with so charming a young lady as this Miss Turner."

admire - admirer

charming - charmant; (charm); charmant

"Ah, thereby hangs a rather painful tale. This fellow is madly, insanely, in love with her, but some two years ago, when he was only a lad, and before he really knew her, for she had been away five years at a boarding-school, what does the idiot do but get into the clutches of a barmaid in Bristol and marry her at a registry office? No one knows a word of the matter, but you can imagine how maddening it must be to him to be upbraided for not doing what he would give his very eyes to do, but what he knows to be absolutely impossible. It was sheer frenzy of this sort which made him throw his hands up into the air when his father, at their last interview, was goading him on to propose to Miss Turner. On the other hand, he had no means of supporting himself, and his father, who was by all accounts a very hard man, would have thrown him over utterly had he known the truth.

thereby - et donc; ; ainsi, de ce fait, par la

hangs - pendu; suspendre, etre accroché

painful - douloureux, laborieux

Tale - conte; conte, récit

madly - a la folie; ; follement

insanely - a la folie

boarding-school - (boarding-school) l'internat

idiot - idiot, idiote

clutches - embrayages; se raccrocher (a)

barmaid - barmaid

registry office - bureau d'enregistrement

upbraided - harcelé; gronder, reprendre, reprocher, réprimander, sermonner

sheer - transparent; pur

frenzy - frénésie

goading - l'incitation; aiguillon, aiguillonner, provoquer

truth - la vérité; ; vérité

It was with his barmaid wife that he had spent the last three days in Bristol, and his father did not know where he was. Mark that point. It is of importance. Good has come out of evil, however, for the barmaid, finding from the papers that he is in serious trouble and likely to be hanged, has thrown him over utterly and has written to him to say that she has a husband already in the Bermuda Dockyard, so that there is really no tie between them. I think that that bit of news has consoled young McCarthy for all that he has suffered."

Bermuda - les bermudes; Bermudes-p

Dockyard - chantier naval

consoled - consolé; consoler

suffered - souffert; souffrir, souffrir, souffrir de, pâtir de, endurer

"But if he is innocent, who has done it?"

"Ah! who? I would call your attention very particularly to two points. One is that the murdered man had an appointment with someone at the pool, and that the someone could not have been his son, for his son was away, and he did not know when he would return. The second is that the murdered man was heard to cry ‘Cooee!’ before he knew that his son had returned.

Those are the crucial points upon which the case depends. And now let us talk about George Meredith, if you please, and we shall leave all minor matters until to-morrow."

crucial points - des points cruciaux

There was no rain, as Holmes had foretold, and the morning broke bright and cloudless. At nine o’clock Lestrade called for us with the carriage, and we set off for Hatherley Farm and the Boscombe Pool.

foretold - prédit; prédire

"There is serious news this morning," Lestrade observed. "It is said that Mr. Turner, of the Hall, is so ill that his life is despaired of."

despaired - désespéré; désespérer, désespérer, désespoir

"An elderly man, I presume?" said Holmes.

"About sixty; but his constitution has been shattered by his life abroad, and he has been in failing health for some time. This business has had a very bad effect upon him. He was an old friend of McCarthy’s, and, I may add, a great benefactor to him, for I have learned that he gave him Hatherley Farm rent free."

constitution - constitution

rent - loyer; louez, loyer, louons, arrentez, accensons

"Indeed! That is interesting," said Holmes.

"Oh, yes! In a hundred other ways he has helped him. Everybody about here speaks of his kindness to him."

"Really! Does it not strike you as a little singular that this McCarthy, who appears to have had little of his own, and to have been under such obligations to Turner, should still talk of marrying his son to Turner’s daughter, who is, presumably, heiress to the estate, and that in such a very cocksure manner, as if it were merely a case of a proposal and all else would follow? It is the more strange, since we know that Turner himself was averse to the idea. The daughter told us as much. Do you not deduce something from that?

obligations - obligations; obligation, engagement, fr

heiress - héritiere; ; héritiere, successeuse, successrice

proposal - proposition, demande en mariage

more strange - plus étrange

"We have got to the deductions and the inferences," said Lestrade, winking at me. "I find it hard enough to tackle facts, Holmes, without flying away after theories and fancies."

deductions - déductions; déduction, déduction, déduction, déduction

inferences - des déductions; inférence, déduction, inférence

winking - clin d'oil; (wink) clin d'oil

tackle - tacle, combattre, affronter, tacler, plaquer

flying away - s'envoler

fancies - des fantaisies; envie, caprice

"You are right," said Holmes demurely; "you do find it very hard to tackle the facts."

demurely - avec pudeur

"Anyhow, I have grasped one fact which you seem to find it difficult to get hold of," replied Lestrade with some warmth.

grasped - saisi; saisir, agripper, comprendre, saisir

warmth - chaleur

"And that is-"

"That McCarthy senior met his death from McCarthy junior and that all theories to the contrary are the merest moonshine."

senior - senior; ; aîné, supérieur

junior - junior, jeune

merest - plus; simple

Moonshine - l'alcool de contrebande; ; alcool de contrebande

"Well, moonshine is a brighter thing than fog," said Holmes, laughing. "But I am very much mistaken if this is not Hatherley Farm upon the left."

Fog - le brouillard; masquer, brume, brouillard

"Yes, that is it." It was a widespread, comfortable-looking building, two-storied, slate-roofed, with great yellow blotches of lichen upon the grey walls. The drawn blinds and the smokeless chimneys, however, gave it a stricken look, as though the weight of this horror still lay heavy upon it.

widespread - généralisée

blotches - des taches; tache

lichen - lichen

chimneys - les cheminées; cheminée, cheminée

horror - l'horreur; ; horreur, effroi, dégout, aversion

We called at the door, when the maid, at Holmes’ request, showed us the boots which her master wore at the time of his death, and also a pair of the son’s, though not the pair which he had then had. Having measured these very carefully from seven or eight different points, Holmes desired to be led to the court-yard, from which we all followed the winding track which led to Boscombe Pool.

measured - mesurée; mesure, mesure, mesure, mesurer

desired - souhaitée; désirer, désirer, désir, désir, désir

Sherlock Holmes was transformed when he was hot upon such a scent as this. Men who had only known the quiet thinker and logician of Baker Street would have failed to recognise him. His face flushed and darkened. His brows were drawn into two hard black lines, while his eyes shone out from beneath them with a steely glitter. His face was bent downward, his shoulders bowed, his lips compressed, and the veins stood out like whipcord in his long, sinewy neck. His nostrils seemed to dilate with a purely animal lust for the chase, and his mind was so absolutely concentrated upon the matter before him that a question or remark fell unheeded upon his ears, or, at the most, only provoked a quick, impatient snarl in reply.

transformed - transformé; transformer, transformer, transformée, transformée

thinker - penseur, penseuse, intellectuel

logician - logicien, logicienne

darkened - assombri; obscurcir, assombrir, obscurcir, foncer, foncer

brows - les sourcils; (brow); andouiller d'oil, maître andouiller

shone - briller; briller, éclairer

beneath - dessous

steely - d'acier

bent - plié; courba, courbai, courbés, courbé, cambrai

compressed - comprimée; comprimer, condenser

whipcord - le cordon du fouet

nostrils - narines; narine, qualifier

dilate - dilater, se dilater

concentrated - concentré; concentrer, concentrer, concentrer

unheeded - non pris en compte

provoked - provoquée; provoquer

snarl - grogner; grondement

Swiftly and silently he made his way along the track which ran through the meadows, and so by way of the woods to the Boscombe Pool. It was damp, marshy ground, as is all that district, and there were marks of many feet, both upon the path and amid the short grass which bounded it on either side. Sometimes Holmes would hurry on, sometimes stop dead, and once he made quite a little detour into the meadow. Lestrade and I walked behind him, the detective indifferent and contemptuous, while I watched my friend with the interest which sprang from the conviction that every one of his actions was directed towards a definite end.

silently - en silence; ; silencieusement

meadows - prairies; pré

damp - humide, moite, mouillé, humidité, grisou, amortir

marshy - marécageux

path - chemin; sentier

detour - détour, déviation, détourner

indifferent - indifférent

contemptuous - méprisante; ; méprisant, dédaigneux, contempteur

The Boscombe Pool, which is a little reed-girt sheet of water some fifty yards across, is situated at the boundary between the Hatherley Farm and the private park of the wealthy Mr. Turner. Above the woods which lined it upon the farther side we could see the red, jutting pinnacles which marked the site of the rich landowner’s dwelling. On the Hatherley side of the pool the woods grew very thick, and there was a narrow belt of sodden grass twenty paces across between the edge of the trees and the reeds which lined the lake. Lestrade showed us the exact spot at which the body had been found, and, indeed, so moist was the ground, that I could plainly see the traces which had been left by the fall of the stricken man.

reed - roseau; roseau

girt - girt; (gird) girt

situated - situé; situer

boundary - frontiere; ; frontiere, limite, limites

wealthy - riches; ; riche, nanti

jutting - en saillie; saillir

pinnacles - des pinacles; cime, pic, pinacle

dwelling - logement; demeure; (dwell); résider, s'appesantir sur

sodden - détrempé; ; mouillé, trempé, bourré

To Holmes, as I could see by his eager face and peering eyes, very many other things were to be read upon the trampled grass. He ran round, like a dog who is picking up a scent, and then turned upon my companion.

eager - enthousiaste; désireux

trampled - piétiné; fouler, piétiner

"What did you go into the pool for?" he asked.

"I fished about with a rake. I thought there might be some weapon or other trace. But how on earth-"

rake - râteau; râteler, râteau

trace - trace; trace, projection horizontale, décalquer

"Oh, tut, tut! I have no time! That left foot of yours with its inward twist is all over the place. A mole could trace it, and there it vanishes among the reeds. Oh, how simple it would all have been had I been here before they came like a herd of buffalo and wallowed all over it. Here is where the party with the lodge-keeper came, and they have covered all tracks for six or eight feet round the body. But here are three separate tracks of the same feet." He drew out a lens and lay down upon his waterproof to have a better view, talking all the time rather to himself than to us. "These are young McCarthy’s feet. Twice he was walking, and once he ran swiftly, so that the soles are deeply marked and the heels hardly visible. That bears out his story. He ran when he saw his father on the ground. Then here are the father’s feet as he paced up and down. What is this, then? It is the butt-end of the gun as the son stood listening.

mole - taupe; taupe

vanishes - disparaît; disparaître, s'évanouir, s'annuler

herd - troupeau; troupeau

buffalo - buffle, bison, ictiobus, chasser le buffle, etre plus malin

wallowed - s'est vautré; se vautrer (dans)

waterproof - imperméable a l'eau; ; rench: résistant a l'eau, waterproof

soles - semelles; plante (du pied)

And this? Ha, ha! What have we here? Tiptoes! tiptoes! Square, too, quite unusual boots! They come, they go, they come again-of course that was for the cloak. Now where did they come from?" He ran up and down, sometimes losing, sometimes finding the track until we were well within the edge of the wood and under the shadow of a great beech, the largest tree in the neighbourhood. Holmes traced his way to the farther side of this and lay down once more upon his face with a little cry of satisfaction. For a long time he remained there, turning over the leaves and dried sticks, gathering up what seemed to me to be dust into an envelope and examining with his lens not only the ground but even the bark of the tree as far as he could reach. A jagged stone was lying among the moss, and this also he carefully examined and retained. Then he followed a pathway through the wood until he came to the highroad, where all traces were lost.

Tiptoes - sur la pointe des pieds; pointe des piedieds

ran up - a couru

beech - hetre; ; hetre

traced - tracé; trace

turning over - qui se retournent

gathering - rassemblement; cueillant, amassant, ramassage

dust - la poussiere; ; poussiere, épousseter, pulvériser

envelope - enveloppe; enveloppe

examining - l'examen; examiner, examiner

bark - l'écorce; écorce, coque, aboyer

jagged - dentelé; déchiqueté; (jag) dentelé; déchiqueté

moss - mousse

pathway - voie d'acces; ; voie

highroad - autoroute

"It has been a case of considerable interest," he remarked, returning to his natural manner. "I fancy that this grey house on the right must be the lodge. I think that I will go in and have a word with Moran, and perhaps write a little note. Having done that, we may drive back to our luncheon. You may walk to the cab, and I shall be with you presently."

drive back - le retour en voiture

It was about ten minutes before we regained our cab and drove back into Ross, Holmes still carrying with him the stone which he had picked up in the wood.

regained - retrouvée; reconquérir, reprendre

"This may interest you, Lestrade," he remarked, holding it out. "The murder was done with it."

"I see no marks."

"There are none."

"How do you know, then?"

"The grass was growing under it. It had only lain there a few days. There was no sign of a place whence it had been taken. It corresponds with the injuries. There is no sign of any other weapon."

under it - en dessous

corresponds - correspond; correspondre (...a qqchose)

"And the murderer?"

"Is a tall man, left-handed, limps with the right leg, wears thick-soled shooting-boots and a grey cloak, smokes Indian cigars, uses a cigar-holder, and carries a blunt pen-knife in his pocket. There are several other indications, but these may be enough to aid us in our search."

limps - boite; mou, faible

soled - soled; plante (du pied)

Indian - indien; indien, amérindien, indien, Indien, Indienne

holder - porteur, porteuse, détenteur, détentrice

Lestrade laughed. "I am afraid that I am still a sceptic," he said. "Theories are all very well, but we have to deal with a hard-headed British jury."

sceptic - sceptique; sceptique

"Nous verrons," answered Holmes calmly. "You work your own method, and I shall work mine. I shall be busy this afternoon, and shall probably return to London by the evening train."

Nous - nous

calmly - calmement; ; paisiblement

be busy - etre occupé

"And leave your case unfinished?"

unfinished - inachevé

"No, finished."

"But the mystery?"

"It is solved."

"Who was the criminal, then?"

"The gentleman I describe."

"But who is he?"

"Surely it would not be difficult to find out. This is not such a populous neighbourhood."

populous - populeux

Lestrade shrugged his shoulders. "I am a practical man," he said, "and I really cannot undertake to go about the country looking for a left-handed gentleman with a game leg. I should become the laughing-stock of Scotland Yard."

undertake - entreprendre

"All right," said Holmes quietly. "I have given you the chance. Here are your lodgings. Good-bye. I shall drop you a line before I leave."

Having left Lestrade at his rooms, we drove to our hotel, where we found lunch upon the table. Holmes was silent and buried in thought with a pained expression upon his face, as one who finds himself in a perplexing position.

perplexing - perplexe; déconcerter, troubler, dérouter

"look here, Watson," he said when the cloth was cleared "just sit down in this chair and let me preach to you for a little. I don’t know quite what to do, and I should value your advice. Light a cigar and let me expound."

look here - regarder ici

preach - precher; ; precher, proclamer

expound - expliquer; ; préciser, expliciter

"Pray do so."

"Well, now, in considering this case there are two points about young McCarthy’s narrative which struck us both instantly, although they impressed me in his favour and you against him. One was the fact that his father should, according to his account, cry ‘Cooee!’ before seeing him. The other was his singular dying reference to a rat.

impressed - impressionné; impressionner

He mumbled several words, you understand, but that was all that caught the son’s ear. Now from this double point our research must commence, and we will begin it by presuming that what the lad says is absolutely true."

commence - commencer

presuming - présumer; présumer, supposer

"What of this ‘Cooee!’ then?"

"Well, obviously it could not have been meant for the son. The son, as far as he knew, was in Bristol. It was mere chance that he was within earshot. The ‘Cooee!’ was meant to attract the attention of whoever it was that he had the appointment with.

earshot - a portée de voix; ; portée de voix

attract - attirer

Whoever - quiconque, qui que ce soit qui

But ‘Cooee’ is a distinctly Australian cry, and one which is used between Australians. There is a strong presumption that the person whom McCarthy expected to meet him at Boscombe Pool was someone who had been in Australia."

distinctly - distinctement

Australians - les australiens; Australien, Australienne, australien

presumption - présomption

"What of the rat, then?"

Sherlock Holmes took a folded paper from his pocket and flattened it out on the table. "This is a map of the Colony of Victoria," he said. "I wired to Bristol for it last night." He put his hand over part of the map. "What do you read?"

folded - plié; plier

colony - colonie

"ARAT," I read.

"And now?" He raised his hand.


"Quite so. That was the word the man uttered, and of which his son only caught the last two syllables. He was trying to utter the name of his murderer. So and so, of Ballarat."

syllables - syllabes; syllabe

utter - l'utérus; émettre

"It is wonderful!" I exclaimed.

"It is obvious. And now, you see, I had narrowed the field down considerably. The possession of a grey garment was a third point which, granting the son’s statement to be correct, was a certainty. We have Come now out of mere vagueness to the definite conception of an Australian from Ballarat with a grey cloak."

garment - de l'habillement; ; vetement

granting - l'octroi; accorder, admettre

certainty - certitude

Come now - Venez maintenant.

conception - conception


"And one who was at home in the district, for the pool can only be approached by the farm or by the estate, where strangers could hardly wander."

approached - approché; (s'')approcher (de)

wander - errer, vaguer, divaguer

"Quite so."

"Then comes our expedition of to-day. By an examination of the ground I gained the trifling details which I gave to that imbecile Lestrade, as to the personality of the criminal."

"But how did you gain them?"

"You know my method. It is founded upon the observation of trifles."

trifles - des broutilles; bagatelle, broutille, babiole, bricole

"His height I know that you might roughly judge from the length of his stride. His boots, too, might be told from their traces."

judge - juge; juge, juger

stride - foulée; marcher a grands pas

"Yes, they were peculiar boots."

"But his lameness?"

lameness - boiterie

"The impression of his right foot was always less distinct than his left. He put less weight upon it. Why? Because he limped-he was lame."

distinct - distinct, intelligible, reconnaissable

limped - boitait; mou, faible

lame - boiteux; boiteux

"But his left-handedness."

handedness - la main; ; chiralité, préférence manuelle

"You were yourself struck by the nature of the injury as recorded by the surgeon at the inquest. The blow was struck from immediately behind, and yet was upon the left side. Now, how can that be unless it were by a left-handed man? He had stood behind that tree during the interview between the father and son. He had even smoked there. I found the ash of a cigar, which my special knowledge of tobacco ashes enables me to pronounce as an Indian cigar.

ashes - des cendres; cendre

enables - permet; autoriser, permettre, permettre, activer

I have, as you know, devoted some attention to this, and written a little monograph on the ashes of 140 different varieties of pipe, cigar, and cigarette tobacco. Having found the ash, I then looked round and discovered the stump among the moss where he had tossed it. It was an Indian cigar, of the variety which are rolled in Rotterdam."

ash - cendres; frene, cendre

stump - souche, moignon, estompe

"And the cigar-holder?"

"I could see that the end had not been in his mouth. Therefore he used a holder. The tip had been cut off, not bitten off, but the cut was not a clean one, so I deduced a blunt pen-knife."

bitten off - mordu

deduced - déduit; déduire

"Holmes," I said, "you have drawn a net round this man from which he cannot escape, and you have saved an innocent human life as truly as if you had cut the cord which was hanging him. I see the direction in which all this points. The culprit is-"

net - net; réseau, filet

cord - corde, cordon

"Mr. John Turner," cried the hotel waiter, opening the door of our sitting-room, and ushering in a visitor.

ushering - l'huissier; ouvreur, escorte, garçon d'honneur, huissier

The man who entered was a strange and impressive figure. His slow, limping step and bowed shoulders gave the appearance of decrepitude, and yet his hard, deep-lined, craggy features, and his enormous limbs showed that he was possessed of unusual strength of body and of character. His tangled beard, grizzled hair, and outstanding, drooping eyebrows combined to give an air of dignity and power to his appearance, but his face was of an ashen white, while his lips and the corners of his nostrils were tinged with a shade of blue.

impressive - impressionnante

limping - boitant; (limp) boitant

craggy - escarpé

possessed - possédé; posséder, posséder, s'emparer de

strength - la force; ; force, vigueur, effectif, point fort

beard - barbe

drooping - en train de tomber; tomber, s'affaisser, bec

eyebrows - sourcils; sourcil

combined - combinés; combiner

ashen - cendré

tinged - teinté; teinte, touche, nuance, teinte, teindre

It was clear to me at a glance that he was in the grip of some deadly and chronic disease.

grip - poignée; ballot, grippe, saisir, agripper, préhension

chronic - chronique

"Pray sit down on the sofa," said Holmes gently. "You had my note?"

"Yes, the lodge-keeper brought it up. You said that you wished to see me here to avoid scandal."

"I thought people would talk if I went to the Hall."

"And why did you wish to see me?" He looked across at my companion with despair in his weary eyes, as though his question was already answered.

"Yes," said Holmes, answering the look rather than the words. "It is so. I know all about McCarthy."

The old man sank his face in his hands. "God help me!" he cried. "But I would not have let the young man come to harm. I give you my word that I would have spoken out if it went against him at the Assizes."

sank - a coulé; couler, s'enfoncer, couler, évier, lavabo

"I am glad to hear you say so," said Holmes gravely.

"I would have spoken now had it not been for my dear girl. It would break her heart-it will break her heart when she hears that I am arrested."

"It may not come to that," said Holmes.


"I am no official agent. I understand that it was your daughter who required my presence here, and I am acting in her interests. Young McCarthy must be got off, however."

required - nécessaires; exiger, demander, avoir besoin de, requérir

"I am a dying man," said old Turner. "I have had diabetes for years. My doctor says it is a question whether I shall live a month. Yet I would rather die under my own roof than in a gaol."

diabetes - le diabete; ; diabete

gaol - prison

Holmes rose and sat down at the table with his pen in his hand and a bundle of paper before him. "Just tell us the truth," he said. "I shall jot down the facts. You will sign it, and Watson here can witness it. Then I could produce your confession at the last extremity to save young McCarthy. I promise you that I shall not use it unless it is absolutely needed."

jot down - noter

extremity - l'extrémité; ; extrémité

"It’s as well," said the old man; "it’s a question whether I shall live to the Assizes, so it matters little to me, but I should wish to spare Alice the shock. And now I will make the thing clear to you; it has been a long time in the acting, but will not take me long to tell.

"You didn’t know this dead man, McCarthy. He was a devil incarnate. I tell you that. God keep you out of the clutches of such a man as he. His grip has been upon me these twenty years, and he has blasted my life. I’ll tell you first how I came to be in his power.

incarnate - incarné; incarné

blasted - blasté; souffle

"It was in the early ’60’s at the diggings. I was a young chap then, hot-blooded and reckless, ready to turn my hand at anything; I got among bad companions, took to drink, had no luck with my claim, took to the bush, and in a word became what you would call over here a highway robber.

chap - chap; fissure

reckless - irresponsable, insouciant, téméraire, branque

bush - buisson; buisson, arbuste, brousse

call over - appeler

highway - autoroute; ; grand chemin, grand’route, chaussée

robber - voleur; ; brigand, bandit

There were six of us, and we had a wild, free life of it, sticking up a station from time to time, or stopping the wagons on the road to the diggings. Black Jack of Ballarat was the name I went under, and our party is still remembered in the colony as the Ballarat Gang.

sticking up - qui s'accrochent

wagons - wagons; charrette

Jack - Jeannot, Jacques, Jacob, Jack

"One day a gold convoy came down from Ballarat to Melbourne, and we lay in wait for it and attacked it. There were six troopers and six of us, so it was a close thing, but we emptied four of their saddles at the first volley. Three of our boys were killed, however, before we got the swag. I put my pistol to the head of the wagon-driver, who was this very man McCarthy. I wish to the Lord that I had shot him then, but I spared him, though I saw his wicked little eyes fixed on my face, as though to remember every feature. We got away with the gold, became wealthy men, and made our way over to England without being suspected. There I parted from my old pals and determined to settle down to a quiet and respectable life.

convoy - convoi, convoyer

Melbourne - melbourne; Melbourne

troopers - des troupes; troupier

saddles - selles; selle

volley - volée, salve

swag - swag; butin

wagon - wagon; ; charrette

spared - épargnée; espar

wicked - méchante; chicaneur, torve; (wick) méchante; chicaneur, torve

pals - copains; copain/-ine

I bought this estate, which chanced to be in the market, and I set myself to do a little good with my money, to make up for the way in which I had earned it. I married, too, and though my wife died young she left me my dear little Alice. Even when she was just a baby her wee hand seemed to lead me down the right path as nothing else had ever done. In a word, I turned over a new leaf and did my best to make up for the past. All was going well when McCarthy laid his grip upon me.

wee - wee

leaf - feuille, rallonge, battant, ouvrant, vantail, feuiller

"I had gone up to town about an investment, and I met him in Regent Street with hardly a coat to his back or a boot to his foot.

investment - l'investissement; ; investissement

" ‘Here we are, Jack,’ says he, touching me on the arm; ‘we’ll be as good as a family to you. There’s two of us, me and my son, and you can have the keeping of us. If you don’t-it’s a fine, law-abiding country is England, and there’s always a policeman within hail.’

abiding - en vie; (abide); endurer, tolérer, supporter, souffrir, rester

hail - grele

"Well, down they came to the west country, there was no shaking them off, and there they have lived rent free on my best land ever since. There was no rest for me, no peace, no forgetfulness; turn where I would, there was his cunning, grinning face at my elbow. It grew worse as Alice grew up, for he soon saw I was more afraid of her knowing my past than of the police.

grinning - sourire; avoir un grand sourire

Whatever he wanted he must have, and whatever it was I gave him without question, land, money, houses, until at last he asked a thing which I could not give. He asked for Alice.

"His son, you see, had grown up, and so had my girl, and as I was known to be in weak health, it seemed a fine stroke to him that his lad should step into the whole property. But there I was firm. I would not have his cursed stock mixed with mine; not that I had any dislike to the lad, but his blood was in him, and that was enough. I stood firm. McCarthy threatened.

stroke - accident vasculaire cérébral; caresser

property - propriété, accessoire

cursed - maudis, maudite, maudites, maudits, maudit; (curs) maudis

mixed - mixte; mélanger

dislike - l'aversion; ; antipathie, ne pas aimer

stood firm - a tenu bon

I braved him to do his worst. We were to meet at the pool midway between our houses to talk it over.

braved - bravé; courageux

midway - a mi-parcours; a mi-chemin

"When I went down there I found him talking with his son, so I smoked a cigar and waited behind a tree until he should be alone. But as I listened to his talk all that was black and bitter in me seemed to come uppermost. He was urging his son to marry my daughter with as little regard for what she might think as if she were a slut from off the streets. It drove me mad to think that I and all that I held most dear should be in the power of such a man as this. Could I not snap the bond? I was already a dying and a desperate man. Though clear of mind and fairly strong of limb, I knew that my own fate was sealed.

uppermost - le plus haut

urging - l'exhortation; exhortant; (urge); pulsion, pousser, inciter

regard - regard; considérer, regard, égard, estime

slut - salope, trainée, garce, pute, truie

snap - snap; ; claquer, claquement de doigts, photographie, photo

bond - lien; sautiller

desperate - désespérée; ; désespéré

limb - membre; membre

But my memory and my girl! Both could be saved if I could but silence that foul tongue. I did it, Mr. Holmes. I would do it again. Deeply as I have sinned, I have led a life of martyrdom to atone for it. But that my girl should be entangled in the same meshes which held me was more than I could suffer. I struck him down with no more compunction than if he had been some foul and venomous beast. His cry brought back his son; but I had gained the cover of the wood, though I was forced to go back to fetch the cloak which I had dropped in my flight. That is the true story, gentlemen, of all that occurred."

foul - la faute; infâme

tongue - langue, languette

sinned - péché; péché, mal

martyrdom - le martyre; ; martyre

atone - expier

meshes - mailles; maillage, maille, engrenage, concorder

venomous - venimeux

beast - bete; ; bete, bete sauvage

fetch - chercher; apporter, aveignez, amener, aveignent, apportons

dropped in - déposé

"Well, it is not for me to judge you," said Holmes as the old man signed the statement which had been drawn out. "I pray that we may never be exposed to such a temptation."

exposed - exposée; exposer, dénoncer, exposer

temptation - la tentation; ; tentation

"I pray not, sir. And what do you intend to do?"

intend - l'intention de; ; avoir l'intention, envisager, concevoir

"In view of your health, nothing. You are yourself aware that you will soon have to answer for your deed at a higher court than the Assizes. I will keep your confession, and if McCarthy is condemned I shall be forced to use it. If not, it shall never be seen by mortal eye; and your secret, whether you be alive or dead, shall be safe with us."

deed - acte, action, ouvre, exploit, haut fait; (dee); acte, action

condemned - condamnée; condamner, déclarer coupable, condamner, condamner

mortal - mortel, mortel, mortelle

"Farewell, then," said the old man solemnly. "Your own deathbeds, when they come, will be the easier for the thought of the peace which you have given to mine." Tottering and shaking in all his giant frame, he stumbled slowly from the room.

Farewell - adieu, prendre congé, dire adieu, faire ses adieux

deathbeds - lits de mort; lit de mort

giant - géant

frame - encadrer, cadre, armature, ossature, image, manche, frame, trame

stumbled - en état de choc; chute, faux pas, bourde, trébucher

"God help us!" said Holmes after a long silence. "Why does fate play such tricks with poor, helpless worms? I never hear of such a case as this that I do not think of Baxter’s words, and say, ‘There, but for the grace of God, goes Sherlock Holmes.’ "

tricks - des astuces; tour, tour, astuce, truc, rench: -neededr, pli

worms - des vers; ver, vermine, scarabée, ver, vis sans fin, dragon

James McCarthy was acquitted at the Assizes on the strength of a number of objections which had been drawn out by Holmes and submitted to the defending counsel. Old Turner lived for seven months after our interview, but he is now dead; and there is every prospect that the son and daughter may come to live happily together in ignorance of the black cloud which rests upon their past.

acquitted - acquittée; innocenter

objections - objections; objection, objection, objection

submitted - soumis; soumettre

defending - défendre; défendre

counsel - conseil, expertise, plan, projet, conseiller

prospect - prospect; ; perspective, prospecter

ignorance - l'ignorance; ; ignorance

rests upon - repose sur


pips - pips; pépin

When I glance over my notes and records of the Sherlock Holmes cases between the years ’82 and ’90, I am faced by so many which present strange and interesting features that it is no easy matter to know which to choose and which to leave. Some, however, have already gained publicity through the papers, and others have not offered a field for those peculiar qualities which my friend possessed in so high a degree, and which it is the object of these papers to illustrate. Some, too, have baffled his analytical skill, and would be, as narratives, beginnings without an ending, while others have been but partially cleared up, and have their explanations founded rather upon conjecture and surmise than on that absolute logical proof which was so dear to him.

publicity - la publicité; ; publicité

illustrate - illustrer

analytical - analytique

narratives - récits; narratif, récit

partially - partiellement, en partie

cleared up - éclairci

conjecture - conjecture, conjecturer

surmise - présumer, supposer, suspecter

logical - logique

Proof - la preuve; ; preuve, épreuve

There is, however, one of these last which was so remarkable in its details and so startling in its results that I am tempted to give some account of it in spite of the fact that there are points in connection with it which never have been, and probably never will be, entirely cleared up.

tempted - tentés; tenter, attirer

The year ’87 furnished us with a long series of cases of greater or less interest, of which I retain the records. Among my headings under this one twelve months I find an account of the adventure of the Paradol Chamber, of the Amateur Mendicant Society, who held a luxurious club in the lower vault of a furniture warehouse, of the facts connected with the loss of the British barque Sophy Anderson, of the singular adventures of the Grice Patersons in the island of Uffa, and finally of the Camberwell poisoning case.

retain - retenir, conserver, maintenir

headings - des titres; titre, orientation, cap

amateur - amateur, amatrice, amateuse

Mendicant - mendiant; mendiant

luxurious - luxueux, de luxe

warehouse - entrepôt, dépôt

barque - barque

poisoning - l'empoisonnement; ; empoisonnement

In the latter, as may be remembered, Sherlock Holmes was able, by winding up the dead man’s watch, to prove that it had been wound up two hours before, and that therefore the deceased had gone to bed within that time-a deduction which was of the greatest importance in clearing up the case. All these I may sketch out at some future date, but none of them present such singular features as the strange train of circumstances which I have now taken up my pen to describe.

wound - blessons, blessent, blessez, blessure, blesser

sketch - croquis; ; croquer, esquisser, esquisse, ébauche, sketch

It was in the latter days of September, and the equinoctial gales had set in with exceptional violence. All day the wind had screamed and the rain had beaten against the windows, so that even here in the heart of great, hand-made London we were forced to raise our minds for the instant from the routine of life and to recognise the presence of those great elemental forces which shriek at mankind through the bars of his civilisation, like untamed beasts in a cage. As evening drew in, the storm grew higher and louder, and the wind cried and sobbed like a child in the chimney. Sherlock Holmes sat moodily at one side of the fireplace cross-indexing his records of crime, while I at the other was deep in one of Clark Russell’s fine sea-stories until the howl of the gale from without seemed to blend with the text, and the splash of the rain to lengthen out into the long swash of the sea waves.

equinoctial - équinoxe; ; équinoxial

gales - des coups de vent; grand vent

exceptional - exceptionnel

screamed - crié; cri, crier

hand-made - (hand-made) fait a la main

elemental - élémental, élémentaire

forces - forces; force

mankind - l'humanité; ; humanité, genre humain, hommes

beasts - betes; bete, bete sauvage, bete

cage - cage, encager

sobbed - sangloté; fdp-p

chimney - cheminée

moodily - changeante

fireplace - âtre, foyer, cheminée

indexing - l'indexation; ; indexation; (index); index, indice, indexer

howl - hurlement, hurler

blend - mélange, mélanger, meler, mixer

lengthen - rallonger

swash - swash

My wife was on a visit to her mother’s, and for a few days I was a dweller once more in my old quarters at Baker Street.

dweller - habitant

"Why," said I, glancing up at my companion, "that was surely the bell. Who could come to-night? Some friend of yours, perhaps?"

"Except yourself I have none," he answered. "I do not encourage visitors."

encourage - encourager

"A client, then?"

"If so, it is a serious case. Nothing less would bring a man out on such a day and at such an hour. But I take it that it is more likely to be some crony of the landlady’s."

crony - copain; copain, copine

Sherlock Holmes was wrong in his conjecture, however, for there came a step in the passage and a tapping at the door. He stretched out his long arm to turn the lamp away from himself and towards the vacant chair upon which a newcomer must sit.

tapping - l'écoute; (tap) l'écoute

vacant - vacant; ; vide, niais

newcomer - nouveau venu, nouvel arrivé, débutant, débutante

"Come in!" said he.

The man who entered was young, some two-and-twenty at the outside, well-groomed and trimly clad, with something of refinement and delicacy in his bearing. The streaming umbrella which he held in his hand, and his long shining waterproof told of the fierce weather through which he had come.

groomed - toiletté; garçon d''écurie

trimly - soigné

refinement - raffinement

streaming - streaming; (stream); ruisseau, ru, rupt, filet, flot, courant

He looked about him anxiously in the glare of the lamp, and I could see that his face was pale and his eyes heavy, like those of a man who is weighed down with some great anxiety.

anxiously - avec anxiété; ; anxieusement

weighed - pesée; peser, peser, peser, peser, lever l’ancre

"I owe you an apology," he said, raising his golden pince-nez to his eyes. "I trust that I am not intruding. I fear that I have brought some traces of the storm and rain into your snug chamber."

owe - doit; ; devoir

intruding - l'intrusion; faire intrusion, fr

snug - serré; ; confortable, douillet

"Give me your coat and umbrella," said Holmes. "They may rest here on the hook and will be dry presently. You have come up from the south-west, I see."

Hook - crochet, agrafe, hook, accrocher

"Yes, from Horsham."

"That clay and chalk mixture which I see upon your toe caps is quite distinctive."

chalk - craie, magnésie

mixture - mélange, mixture

distinctive - distinctif

"I have come for advice."

"That is easily got."

"And help."

"That is not always so easy."

"I have heard of you, Mr. Holmes. I heard from Major Prendergast how you saved him in the Tankerville Club scandal."

"Ah, of course. He was wrongfully accused of cheating at cards."

cheating - tricherie; tricher

"He said that you could solve anything."

"He said too much."

"That you are never beaten."

"I have been beaten four times-three times by men, and once by a woman."

"But what is that compared with the number of your successes?"

"It is true that I have been generally successful."

"Then you may be so with me."

"I beg that you will draw your chair up to the fire and favour me with some details as to your case."

"It is no ordinary one."

"None of those which come to me are. I am the last court of appeal."

appeal - appel; manifeste, vocation, pourvoi

"And yet I question, sir, whether, in all your experience, you have ever listened to a more mysterious and inexplicable chain of events than those which have happened in my own family."

more mysterious - plus mystérieux

inexplicable - inexplicable

"You fill me with interest," said Holmes. "Pray give us the essential facts from the commencement, and I can afterwards question you as to those details which seem to me to be most important."

commencement - l'inauguration; commencement, début

The young man pulled his chair up and pushed his wet feet out towards the blaze.

blaze - flamme; feu, embrasement

"My name," said he, "is John Openshaw, but my own affairs have, as far as I can understand, little to do with this awful business. It is a hereditary matter; so in order to give you an idea of the facts, I must go back to the commencement of the affair.

"You must know that my grandfather had two sons-my uncle Elias and my father Joseph. My father had a small factory at Coventry, which he enlarged at the time of the invention of bicycling. He was a patentee of the Openshaw unbreakable tire, and his business met with such success that he was able to sell it and to retire upon a handsome competence.

Joseph - joseph; Joseph, Joseph, sourate Youssouf, Joseph, José

enlarged - élargi; agrandir, élargir, accroître

patentee - le titulaire du brevet

unbreakable - incassable

retire - prendre sa retraite; retirent, retirez, se retirer, retirer

competence - compétence

"My uncle Elias emigrated to America when he was a young man and became a planter in Florida, where he was reported to have done very well. At the time of the war he fought in Jackson’s army, and afterwards under Hood, where he rose to be a colonel. When Lee laid down his arms my uncle returned to his plantation, where he remained for three or four years. About 1869 or 1870 he came back to Europe and took a small estate in Sussex, near Horsham. He had made a very considerable fortune in the States, and his reason for leaving them was his aversion to the negroes, and his dislike of the Republican policy in extending the franchise to them.

emigrated - émigré; émigrer

planter - planter; ; planteur

Florida - la floride; Floride

hood - capot; capuchon, couverture, capot

Colonel - colonel

Lee - lee; côté sous le vent

plantation - plantation

aversion - l'aversion; ; aversion

Negroes - negres; negre, negre

Republican - républicain, républicain, républicaine

franchise - franchise; droit de vote

He was a singular man, fierce and quick-tempered, very foul-mouthed when he was angry, and of a most retiring disposition. During all the years that he lived at Horsham, I doubt if ever he set foot in the town. He had a garden and two or three fields round his house, and there he would take his exercise, though very often for weeks on end he would never leave his room. He drank a great deal of brandy and smoked very heavily, but he would see no society and did not want any friends, not even his own brother.

tempered - tempéré; caractere, tempérament, humeur, état d'esprit, recuit

brandy - du brandy; ; cognac, brandy, eau-de-vie

"He didn’t mind me; in fact, he took a fancy to me, for at the time when he saw me first I was a youngster of twelve or so. This would be in the year 1878, after he had been eight or nine years in England. He begged my father to let me live with him and he was very kind to me in his way. When he was sober he used to be fond of playing backgammon and draughts with me, and he would make me his representative both with the servants and with the tradespeople, so that by the time that I was sixteen I was quite master of the house. I kept all the keys and could go where I liked and do what I liked, so long as I did not disturb him in his privacy.

youngster - jeune; ; ado, enfant

begged - supplié; mendier

sober - sobre, cuver

be fond of - avoir de l'affection

backgammon - backgammon

representative - typique, représentatif, représentant, représentante, délégué

disturb - déranger, perturber, gener

privacy - la vie privée; ; intimité, vie privée, confidentialité

There was one singular exception, however, for he had a single room, a lumber-room up among the attics, which was invariably locked, and which he would never permit either me or anyone else to enter. With a boy’s curiosity I have peeped through the keyhole, but I was never able to see more than such a collection of old trunks and bundles as would be expected in such a room.

exception - exception

single room - une chambre individuelle

lumber - bois d'ouvre; ; bois de charpente

attics - les greniers; grenier, combles-p, mansarde

permit - permis; permettre, permets, permettons, permettez, permis

keyhole - trou de serrure; ; trou de la serrure

collection - collection, ramassage

trunks - troncs d'arbre; tronc, malle, coffre, trompe

bundles - des liasses; faisceau, fagot, paquet, paquet, ballot (of goods)

"One day-it was in March, 1883-a letter with a foreign stamp lay upon the table in front of the colonel’s plate. It was not a common thing for him to receive letters, for his bills were all paid in ready money, and he had no friends of any sort. ‘From India!’ said he as he took it up, ‘Pondicherry postmark! What can this be?’ Opening it hurriedly, out there jumped five little dried orange pips, which pattered down upon his plate.

India - l'inde; Inde

postmark - le cachet de la poste; ; cachet de la poste

pattered - patinés; crépiter

I began to laugh at this, but the laugh was struck from my lips at the sight of his face. His lip had fallen, his eyes were protruding, his skin the colour of putty, and he glared at the envelope which he still held in his trembling hand, ‘K. K. K.!’ he shrieked, and then, ‘My God, my God, my sins have overtaken me!’

protruding - en saillie; dépasser, saillir

putty - mastic; spatule, lut

glared - éblouie; éclat, éclat

shrieked - a crié; hurlement, crier

sins - péchés; péché, mal

overtaken - dépassé; dépasser, doubler, surprendre

" ‘What is it, uncle?’ I cried.

" ‘Death,’ said he, and rising from the table he retired to his room, leaving me palpitating with horror. I took up the envelope and saw scrawled in red ink upon the inner flap, just above the gum, the letter K three times repeated. There was nothing else save the five dried pips.

palpitating - des palpitations; palpiter

scrawled - griffonné; griffonner

flap - volet; valvaire

gum - chewing-gum; gomme, gencive

What could be the reason of his overpowering terror? I left the breakfast-table, and as I ascended the stair I met him coming down with an old rusty key, which must have belonged to the attic, in one hand, and a small brass box, like a cashbox, in the other.

terror - la terreur; ; terreur, effroi, terrorisme

ascended - ascensionné; monter

rusty - rubigineux

attic - grenier, combles, mansarde

brass - laiton; laiton, airain

cashbox - cashbox

" ‘They may do what they like, but I’ll checkmate them still,’ said he with an oath. ‘Tell Mary that I shall want a fire in my room to-day, and send down to Fordham, the Horsham lawyer.’

checkmate - échec et mat, échec et mat, faire échec et mat

oath - serment, juron, jurer

"I did as he ordered, and when the lawyer arrived I was asked to step up to the room. The fire was burning brightly, and in the grate there was a mass of black, fluffy ashes, as of burned paper, while the brass box stood open and empty beside it. As I glanced at the box I noticed, with a start, that upon the lid was printed the treble K which I had read in the morning upon the envelope.

grate - grilles; grille, crisser, grincer, râper

mass - masse; masse, foule, amas

fluffy - duveteux; ; pelucheux, touffu

stood open - est resté ouvert

beside it - a côté

treble - les aigus; triple

" ‘I wish you, John,’ said my uncle, ‘to witness my will. I leave my estate, with all its advantages and all its disadvantages, to my brother, your father, whence it will, no doubt, descend to you. If you can enjoy it in peace, well and good!

disadvantages - les inconvénients; désavantage, désavantage

descend - descendre

If you find you cannot, take my advice, my boy, and leave it to your deadliest enemy. I am sorry to give you such a two-edged thing, but I can’t say what turn things are going to take. Kindly sign the paper where Mr. Fordham shows you.’

deadliest - le plus meurtrier; mortel, fatal, létal, mortel

"I signed the paper as directed, and the lawyer took it away with him. The singular incident made, as you may think, the deepest impression upon me, and I pondered over it and turned it every way in my mind without being able to make anything of it. Yet I could not shake off the vague feeling of dread which it left behind, though the sensation grew less keen as the weeks passed and nothing happened to disturb the usual routine of our lives. I could see a change in my uncle, however. He drank more than ever, and he was less inclined for any sort of society. Most of his time he would spend in his room, with the door locked upon the inside, but sometimes he would emerge in a sort of drunken frenzy and would burst out of the house and tear about the garden with a revolver in his hand, screaming out that he was afraid of no man, and that he was not to be cooped up, like a sheep in a pen, by man or devil.

as directed - comme indiqué

pondered - réfléchi; songer, réfléchir, interroger

shake off - se secouer

dread - peur; ; redouter, craindre, crainte

sensation - sensation

emerge - émerger, sortir

tear - déchirure; déchirer, fissure, larme, pleur

screaming - des cris; cri, crier

cooped - enfermé; cage, poulailler

When these hot fits were over, however, he would rush tumultuously in at the door and lock and bar it behind him, like a man who can brazen it out no longer against the terror which lies at the roots of his soul. At such times I have seen his face, even on a cold day, glisten with moisture, as though it were new raised from a basin.

tumultuously - tumultueusement

brazen - effronté; ; cuivreux, aigu, dur comme de la pierre

glisten - briller; ; reluire

basin - bassin; cuvette, bassine, lavabo, bassin, bassin

"Well, to come to an end of the matter, Mr. Holmes, and not to abuse your patience, there came a night when he made one of those drunken sallies from which he never came back. We found him, when we went to search for him, face downward in a little green-scummed pool, which lay at the foot of the garden. There was no sign of any violence, and the water was but two feet deep, so that the jury, having regard to his known eccentricity, brought in a verdict of ‘suicide.

abuse - abus; défaut, abuser, insulter, tourmenter, abusons

sallies - des salades; sortie

scummed - écumée; écume, couche, mousse, crasse, ordure, salaud, racaille

having regard to - a l'égard de

eccentricity - l'excentricité; ; excentricité

suicide - le suicide; ; suicide, suicidé, suicidée, suicidant, suicidante

But I, who knew how he winced from the very thought of death, had much ado to persuade myself that he had gone out of his way to meet it. The matter passed, however, and my father entered into possession of the estate, and of some L14,000, which lay to his credit at the bank."

winced - a fait un clin d'oil; grimacer

ado - ado; ; cérémonies, manieres, bruit, histoire

persuade - persuader

"One moment," Holmes interposed, "your statement is, I foresee, one of the most remarkable to which I have ever listened. Let me have the date of the reception by your uncle of the letter, and the date of his supposed suicide."

interposed - interposée; interposer, intercaler, interrompre, couper

foresee - prévoir, anticiper

most remarkable - le plus remarquable

"The letter arrived on March 10, 1883. His death was seven weeks later, upon the night of May 2nd."

"Thank you. Pray proceed."

proceed - avancer, procéder

"When my father took over the Horsham property, he, at my request, made a careful examination of the attic, which had been always locked up. We found the brass box there, although its contents had been destroyed. On the inside of the cover was a paper label, with the initials of K. K. K. repeated upon it, and ‘Letters, memoranda, receipts, and a register’ written beneath. These, we presume, indicated the nature of the papers which had been destroyed by Colonel Openshaw. For the rest, there was nothing of much importance in the attic save a great many scattered papers and note-books bearing upon my uncle’s life in America.

Contents - contenu; satisfait

label - l'étiquette; ; étiquette, étiqueter

initials - initiales; initial, initial, lettrine, initiale

memoranda - des mémorandums

receipts - des recettes; réception, reçu

register - s'inscrire; ; registre, inscription, niveau de langue

Some of them were of the war time and showed that he had done his duty well and had borne the repute of a brave soldier. Others were of a date during the reconstruction of the Southern states, and were mostly concerned with politics, for he had evidently taken a strong part in opposing the carpet-bag politicians who had been sent down from the North.

repute - réputation

reconstruction - la reconstruction; ; reconstruction, reconstitution

southern - méridionale; ; méridional, sud, austral, sudiste

opposing - s'opposant; s'opposer a, opposer

politicians - politiciens; politique, politicien, politicienne

"Well, it was the beginning of ’84 when my father came to live at Horsham, and all went as well as possible with us until the January of ’85. On the fourth day after the new year I heard my father give a sharp cry of surprise as we sat together at the breakfast-table. There he was, sitting with a newly opened envelope in one hand and five dried orange pips in the outstretched palm of the other one.

newly - nouvellement, récemment

He had always laughed at what he called my cock-and-bull story about the colonel, but he looked very scared and puzzled now that the same thing had come upon himself.

cock - bite; coq

Bull - le taureau; taureau

" ‘Why, what on earth does this mean, John?’ he stammered.

"My heart had turned to lead. ‘It is K. K. K.,’ said I.

"He looked inside the envelope. ‘So it is,’ he cried. ‘Here are the very letters. But what is this written above them?’

" ‘Put the papers on the sundial,’ I read, peeping over his shoulder.

sundial - cadran solaire

peeping - de l'espionnage; regarder qqch a la dérobée

" ‘What papers? What sundial?’ he asked.

" ‘The sundial in the garden. There is no other,’ said I; ‘but the papers must be those that are destroyed.’

" ‘Pooh!’ said he, gripping hard at his courage. ‘We are in a civilised land here, and we can’t have tomfoolery of this kind. Where does the thing come from?’

gripping - saisissant; empoigner

courage - bravoure, courage, cour, vaillance

civilised - civilisé; civiliser, civiliser

tomfoolery - la folie des grandeurs; ; pitrerie, bouffonnerie, niaiserie

" ‘From Dundee,’ I answered, glancing at the postmark.

" ‘Some preposterous practical joke,’ said he. ‘What have I to do with sundials and papers? I shall take no notice of such nonsense.’

practical joke - Une blague

sundials - cadrans solaires; cadran solaire

nonsense - des absurdités; ; betise, absurdité, sottise (s)

" ‘I should certainly speak to the police,’ I said.

" ‘And be laughed at for my pains. Nothing of the sort.’

" ‘Then let me do so?’

" ‘No, I forbid you. I won’t have a fuss made about such nonsense.’

forbid - interdire, nier, dénier

fuss - l'agitation; ; agitation, histoires, s’agiter, s’empresser

"It was in vain to argue with him, for he was a very obstinate man. I went about, however, with a heart which was full of forebodings.

vain - vaine; ; rench: vaniteux, frivole, vain, futile

obstinate - obstiné

forebodings - des pressentiments; mauvais pressentiment

"On the third day after the coming of the letter my father went from home to visit an old friend of his, Major Freebody, who is in command of one of the forts upon Portsdown Hill. I was glad that he should go, for it seemed to me that he was farther from danger when he was away from home. In that, however, I was in error. Upon the second day of his absence I received a telegram from the major, imploring me to come at once. My father had fallen over one of the deep chalk-pits which abound in the neighbourhood, and was lying senseless, with a shattered skull. I hurried to him, but he passed away without having ever recovered his consciousness. He had, as it appears, been returning from Fareham in the twilight, and as the country was unknown to him, and the chalk-pit unfenced, the jury had no hesitation in bringing in a verdict of ‘death from accidental causes.

Command - commandement, ordre, maîtrise, commande, commander, ordonner

forts - forts; fort

pits - fosses; fosse

abound - abondent; ; foisonner, abonder

skull - crâne; crane, crâne

twilight - demi-jour, crépuscule, entre chien et loup, pénombre, brumes

hesitation - hésitation

accidental - accidentelle; ; accidentel, altération

Carefully as I examined every fact connected with his death, I was unable to find anything which could suggest the idea of murder. There were no signs of violence, no footmarks, no robbery, no record of strangers having been seen upon the roads. And yet I need not tell you that my mind was far from at ease, and that I was well-nigh certain that some foul plot had been woven round him.

unable - incapable; inapte, inhabile

nigh - nuit; ; proche, pres

"In this sinister way I came into my inheritance. You will ask me why I did not dispose of it? I answer, because I was well convinced that our troubles were in some way dependent upon an incident in my uncle’s life, and that the danger would be as pressing in one house as in another.

sinister - sinistre

inheritance - l'héritage; ; héritage

dispose - débarrasser

dependent - dépendant, dépendant, dépendante

pressing - pressant; pressant; (pres) pressant; pressant

"It was in January, ’85, that my poor father met his end, and two years and eight months have elapsed since then. During that time I have lived happily at Horsham, and I had begun to hope that this curse had passed away from the family, and that it had ended with the last generation. I had begun to take comfort too soon, however; yesterday morning the blow fell in the very shape in which it had come upon my father."

elapsed - s'est écoulé; passer

curse - malédiction; maudire, maudisent, maudisons, blasphémer

generation - génération, création, génération, generation

comfort - le confort; ; confort, consoler

The young man took from his waistcoat a crumpled envelope, and turning to the table he shook out upon it five little dried orange pips.

crumpled - froissé; chiffonner, froisser, se froisser, s'effondrer

"This is the envelope," he continued. "The postmark is London-eastern division. Within are the very words which were upon my father’s last message: ‘K. K. K.’; and then ‘Put the papers on the sundial.’ "

eastern - orientale; ; oriental

Division - la division; ; division

"What have you done?" asked Holmes.



"To tell the truth"-he sank his face into his thin, white hands-"I have felt helpless. I have felt like one of those poor rabbits when the snake is writhing towards it. I seem to be in the grasp of some resistless, inexorable evil, which no foresight and no precautions can guard against."

rabbits - des lapins; lapin/-ine

resistless - sans résistance

inexorable - inexorable

foresight - la prévoyance; ; clairvoyance, prévoyance, prescience

precautions - des précautions; précaution

guard - garde, garde, protection, gardien, arriere, défense, garder

"Tut! tut!" cried Sherlock Holmes. "You must act, man, or you are lost. Nothing but energy can save you. This is no time for despair."

"I have seen the police."


"But they listened to my story with a smile. I am convinced that the inspector has formed the opinion that the letters are all practical jokes, and that the deaths of my relations were really accidents, as the jury stated, and were not to be connected with the warnings."

relations - relations; relation, relation, parent, parente

Holmes shook his clenched hands in the air. "Incredible imbecility!" he cried.

clenched - serré; serrer, prise (en main) ferme, poigne ferme

imbecility - l'imbécillité; ; imbécilité

"They have, however, allowed me a policeman, who may remain in the house with me."

"Has he come with you to-night?"

"No. His orders were to stay in the house."

Again Holmes raved in the air.

raved - s'est extasié; délirer

"Why did you come to me," he cried, "and, above all, why did you not come at once?"

"I did not know. It was only to-day that I spoke to Major Prendergast about my troubles and was advised by him to come to you."

advised - conseillé; conseiller, conseiller, renseigner

"It is really two days since you had the letter. We should have acted before this. You have no further evidence, I suppose, than that which you have placed before us-no suggestive detail which might help us?"

"There is one thing," said John Openshaw. He rummaged in his coat pocket, and, drawing out a piece of discoloured, blue-tinted paper, he laid it out upon the table. "I have some remembrance," said he, "that on the day when my uncle burned the papers I observed that the small, unburned margins which lay amid the ashes were of this particular colour. I found this single sheet upon the floor of his room, and I am inclined to think that it may be one of the papers which has, perhaps, fluttered out from among the others, and in that way has escaped destruction.

rummaged in - fouillé

discoloured - décoloré; (se) décolorer

unburned - non brulé

margins - marges; marge, marge, marge

fluttered - flotté; faséyer, voleter, voltiger, battement

destruction - la destruction; ; destruction

Beyond the mention of pips, I do not see that it helps us much. I think myself that it is a page from some private diary. The writing is undoubtedly my uncle’s."

Undoubtedly - sans doute

Holmes moved the lamp, and we both bent over the sheet of paper, which showed by its ragged edge that it had indeed been torn from a book. It was headed, "March, 1869," and beneath were the following enigmatical notices:

ragged - dépenaillé, loqueteuxse; (rag) dépenaillé, loqueteuxse

enigmatical - énigmatique

"4th. Hudson came. Same old platform.

"7th. Set the pips on McCauley, Paramore, and

John Swain, of St. Augustine.

Augustine - augustine; Augustin

"9th. McCauley cleared.

"10th. John Swain cleared.

"12th. Visited Paramore. All well."

"Thank you!" said Holmes, folding up the paper and returning it to our visitor. "And now you must on no account lose another instant. We cannot spare time even to discuss what you have told me. You must get home instantly and act."

folding up - se plier

on no account - a aucun prix

"What shall I do?"

"There is but one thing to do. It must be done at once. You must put this piece of paper which you have shown us into the brass box which you have described. You must also put in a note to say that all the other papers were burned by your uncle, and that this is the only one which remains.

You must assert that in such words as will carry conviction with them. Having done this, you must at once put the box out upon the sundial, as directed. Do you understand?"

assert - affirmer, attester, asseoir


"Do not think of revenge, or anything of the sort, at present. I think that we may gain that by means of the law; but we have our web to weave, while theirs is already woven. The first consideration is to remove the pressing danger which threatens you. The second is to clear up the mystery and to punish the guilty parties."

revenge - la vengeance; ; vengeance, revanche, venger

weave - tisser; tissez, tissons, tissent, tramer

punish - punir, châtier

"I thank you," said the young man, rising and pulling on his overcoat. "You have given me fresh life and hope. I shall certainly do as you advise."

pulling on - en tirant dessus

"Do not lose an instant. And, above all, take care of yourself in the meanwhile, for I do not think that there can be a doubt that you are threatened by a very real and imminent danger. How do you go back?"

Meanwhile - pendant ce temps

imminent - imminent

"By train from Waterloo."

Waterloo - Waterloo

"It is not yet nine. The streets will be crowded, so I trust that you may be in safety. And yet you cannot guard yourself too closely."

safety - la sécurité; ; sécurité, sureté

"I am armed."

"That is well. To-morrow I shall set to work upon your case."

"I shall see you at Horsham, then?"

"No, your secret lies in London. It is there that I shall seek it."

"Then I shall call upon you in a day, or in two days, with news as to the box and the papers. I shall take your advice in every particular." He shook hands with us and took his leave. Outside the wind still screamed and the rain splashed and pattered against the windows.

splashed - éclaboussé; plouf, bruit, éclaboussure, éclabousser, asperger

This strange, wild story seemed to have come to us from amid the mad elements-blown in upon us like a sheet of sea-weed in a gale-and now to have been reabsorbed by them once more.

elements - éléments; élément, élément, élément, élément, élément, membre

weed - l'herbe; sarcler, cibiche; (wee) l'herbe; sarcler, cibiche

gale - coup de vent; tempete

Sherlock Holmes sat for some time in silence, with his head sunk forward and his eyes bent upon the red glow of the fire. Then he lit his pipe, and leaning back in his chair he watched the blue smoke-rings as they chased each other up to the ceiling.

glow - l'éclat; ; briller, luire, irradier, lueur, éclat

chased - poursuivis; poursuivre, courir apres

"I think, Watson," he remarked at last, "that of all our cases we have had none more fantastic than this."

more fantastic - plus fantastique

"Save, perhaps, the Sign of Four."

"Well, yes. Save, perhaps, that. And yet this John Openshaw seems to me to be walking amid even greater perils than did the Sholtos."

perils - périls; péril, risque, risque, péril

"But have you," I asked, "formed any definite conception as to what these perils are?"

"There can be no question as to their nature," he answered.

"Then what are they? Who is this K. K. K., and why does he pursue this unhappy family?"

pursue - poursuivre, rechercher

Sherlock Holmes closed his eyes and placed his elbows upon the arms of his chair, with his finger-tips together. "The ideal reasoner," he remarked, "would, when he had once been shown a single fact in all its bearings, deduce from it not only all the chain of events which led up to it but also all the results which would follow from it. As Cuvier could correctly describe a whole animal by the contemplation of a single bone, so the observer who has thoroughly understood one link in a series of incidents should be able to accurately state all the other ones, both before and after. We have not yet grasped the results which the reason alone can attain to. Problems may be solved in the study which have baffled all those who have sought a solution by the aid of their senses. To carry the art, however, to its highest pitch, it is necessary that the reasoner should be able to utilise all the facts which have come to his knowledge; and this in itself implies, as you will readily see, a possession of all knowledge, which, even in these days of free education and encyclopaedias, is a somewhat rare accomplishment. It is not so impossible, however, that a man should possess all knowledge which is likely to be useful to him in his work, and this I have endeavoured in my case to do.

elbows - coudes; coude, coude, coup de coude, jouer des coudes

accurately - avec précision

attain - atteindre

sought - recherchée; chercher

utilise - utiliser

implies - implique; impliquer, impliquer, insinuer, sous-entendre

readily - facilement, volontiers, aisément

rare - rares; rare

accomplishment - l'accomplissement; ; accomplissement

If I remember rightly, you on one occasion, in the early days of our friendship, defined my limits in a very precise fashion."

rightly - a juste titre

friendship - l'amitié; ; amitié

"Yes," I answered, laughing. "It was a singular document. Philosophy, astronomy, and politics were marked at zero, I remember. Botany variable, geology profound as regards the mud-stains from any region within fifty miles of town, chemistry eccentric, anatomy unsystematic, sensational literature and crime records unique, violin-player, boxer, swordsman, lawyer, and self-poisoner by cocaine and tobacco. Those, I think, were the main points of my analysis.

Philosophy - philosophie

astronomy - l'astronomie; ; astronomie

Botany - la botanique; ; botanique

variable - variable, variable, parametre

geology - la géologie; ; géologie

profound - profond

regards - regards; considérer

stains - taches; tache, souillure, colorant, tacher, entacher, colorer

eccentric - excentrique, excentrique

anatomy - l'anatomie; ; anatomie

unsystematic - non systématique

sensational - sensationnel

boxer - boxeur, boxer

swordsman - maître d'armes, escrimeur, épéiste

poisoner - empoisonneur, empoisonneuse; (poison); poison, empoisonner

Holmes grinned at the last item. "Well," he said, "I say now, as I said then, that a man should keep his little brain-attic stocked with all the furniture that he is likely to use, and the rest he can put away in the lumber-room of his library, where he can get it if he wants it. Now, for such a case as the one which has been submitted to us to-night, we need certainly to muster all our resources. Kindly hand me down the letter K of the American Encyclopaedia which stands upon the shelf beside you. Thank you. Now let us consider the situation and see what may be deduced from it. In the first place, we may start with a strong presumption that Colonel Openshaw had some very strong reason for leaving America. Men at his time of life do not change all their habits and exchange willingly the charming climate of Florida for the lonely life of an English provincial town.

grinned - ricané; avoir un grand sourire

stocked - stocké; stock, réserve

willingly - volontairement; ; volontiers

lonely - solitaire; ; seul, désert, abandonné

provincial - provinciale; ; provincial

His extreme love of solitude in England suggests the idea that he was in fear of someone or something, so we may assume as a working hypothesis that it was fear of someone or something which drove him from America. As to what it was he feared, we can only deduce that by considering the formidable letters which were received by himself and his successors. Did you remark the postmarks of those letters?"

solitude - la solitude; ; solitude

assume - supposer, présupposer, présumer, assumer, adopter, prendre

successors - successeurs; successeur, successeuse, successrice, successeur

postmarks - les cachets postaux; cachet de la poste

"The first was from Pondicherry, the second from Dundee, and the third from London."

"From East London. What do you deduce from that?"

"They are all seaports. That the writer was on board of a ship."

"Excellent. We have already a clue. There can be no doubt that the probability-the strong probability-is that the writer was on board of a ship. And now let us consider another point. In the case of Pondicherry, seven weeks elapsed between the threat and its fulfilment, in Dundee it was only some three or four days. Does that suggest anything?"

probability - probabilité

threat - menace; menace

fulfilment - l'accomplissement; ; satisfaction

"A greater distance to travel."

"But the letter had also a greater distance to come."

"Then I do not see the point."

"There is at least a presumption that the vessel in which the man or men are is a sailing-ship. It looks as if they always send their singular warning or token before them when starting upon their mission. You see how quickly the deed followed the sign when it came from Dundee. If they had come from Pondicherry in a steamer they would have arrived almost as soon as their letter. But, as a matter of fact, seven weeks elapsed.

vessel - navire; ; vaisseau, vase

sailing-ship - (sailing-ship) un voilier

token - de jeton; ; symbole, jeton, symbolique

steamer - vapeur

I think that those seven weeks represented the difference between the mail-boat which brought the letter and the sailing vessel which brought the writer."

"It is possible."

"More than that. It is probable. And now you see the deadly urgency of this new case, and why I urged young Openshaw to caution. The blow has always fallen at the end of the time which it would take the senders to travel the distance. But this one comes from London, and therefore we cannot count upon delay."

urgency - l'urgence; ; urgence

urged - pressé; pulsion, pousser, inciter, inciter, provoquer, insister

caution - prudence; ; admonition, checkavertissement, checkmise en garde

senders - les expéditeurs; expéditeur, expéditrice

"Good God!" I cried. "What can it mean, this relentless persecution?"

persecution - la persécution; ; persécution

"The papers which Openshaw carried are obviously of vital importance to the person or persons in the sailing-ship. I think that it is quite clear that there must be more than one of them. A single man could not have carried out two deaths in such a way as to deceive a coroner’s jury.

deceive - tromper, leurrer, séduire

There must have been several in it, and they must have been men of resource and determination. Their papers they mean to have, be the holder of them who it may. In this way you see K. K. K. ceases to be the initials of an individual and becomes the badge of a society."

determination - détermination

ceases - cesse; cesser, s'arreter, cesser de + ''infinitive''

badge - badge; ; plaque, insigne, décoration, macaron, porte-nom

"But of what society?"

"Have you never-" said Sherlock Holmes, bending forward and sinking his voice-"have you never heard of the Ku Klux Klan?"

bending - de flexion; ; flexion; (bend); courber, tordre, tourner

"I never have."

Holmes turned over the leaves of the book upon his knee. "Here it is," said he presently:

" ‘Ku Klux Klan. A name derived from the fanciful resemblance to the sound produced by cocking a rifle. This terrible secret society was formed by some ex-Confederate soldiers in the Southern states after the Civil War, and it rapidly formed local branches in different parts of the country, notably in Tennessee, Louisiana, the Carolinas, Georgia, and Florida. Its power was used for political purposes, principally for the terrorising of the negro voters and the murdering and driving from the country of those who were opposed to its views. Its outrages were usually preceded by a warning sent to the marked man in some fantastic but generally recognised shape-a sprig of oak-leaves in some parts, melon seeds or orange pips in others. On receiving this the victim might either openly abjure his former ways, or might fly from the country.

derived - dérivés; tirer, trouver, déduire, conclure, dériver, dériver

fanciful - fantaisiste

resemblance - ressemblance, comparaison, probabilité

cocking - l'arrosage; oiseau mâle, coq

rifle - fusil

secret society - société secrete

Confederate - confédérés; ; confédéré, confédérée

branches - branches; branche, t+rameau, branche, affluent, filiale

notably - notamment

Tennessee - le tennessee; Tennessee

Louisiana - la louisiane; Louisiane

principally - principalement

negro - negre; ; negre, negre

voters - électeurs; votant, votante

murdering - assassiner; meurtre, homicide, meurtre, assassinat, occire

opposed - opposée; s'opposer a, opposer

outrages - outrages; outrage, offense, colere, rage, indignation, indigner

preceded - précédé; précéder, précéder

sprig - brin, rameau

oak - chene; ; chene, chenes

melon - melon; melon

seeds - les semences; graine

victim - victime

openly - ouvertement

abjure - abjurer

If he braved the matter out, death would unfailingly come upon him, and usually in some strange and unforeseen manner. So perfect was the organisation of the society, and so systematic its methods, that there is hardly a case upon record where any man succeeded in braving it with impunity, or in which any of its outrages were traced home to the perpetrators. For some years the organisation flourished in spite of the efforts of the United States government and of the better classes of the community in the South. Eventually, in the year 1869, the movement rather suddenly collapsed, although there have been sporadic outbreaks of the same sort since that date.’

unfailingly - indéfectiblement

organisation - l'organisation

systematic - systématique

braving - braver; courageux

impunity - l'impunité; ; impunité

perpetrators - les auteurs de ces actes; coupable

flourished - a prospéré; fleurir, fleurir, fleurir, brandir, gesticulation

efforts - efforts; effort

sporadic - sporadique

outbreaks - des épidémies; éruption, déclenchement, apparition, explosion

"You will observe," said Holmes, laying down the volume, "that the sudden breaking up of the society was coincident with the disappearance of Openshaw from America with their papers. It may well have been cause and effect. It is no wonder that he and his family have some of the more implacable spirits upon their track.

laying down - en s'allongeant

coincident - coincidence

implacable - implacable

spirits - les esprits; esprit, esprit, esprit, moral, élan, esprit

You can understand that this register and diary may implicate some of the first men in the South, and that there may be many who will not sleep easy at night until it is recovered."

implicate - impliquer

"Then the page we have seen-"

"Is such as we might expect. It ran, if I remember right, ‘sent the pips to A, B, and C’-that is, sent the society’s warning to them. Then there are successive entries that A and B cleared, or left the country, and finally that C was visited, with, I fear, a sinister result for C. Well, I think, Doctor, that we may let some light into this dark place, and I believe that the only chance young Openshaw has in the meantime is to do what I have told him.

entries - entrées; entrée, entrée, acces, entrée, acces, entrée

There is nothing more to be said or to be done to-night, so hand me over my violin and let us try to forget for half an hour the miserable weather and the still more miserable ways of our fellow men."

more miserable - plus malheureux

fellow men - camarades

It had cleared in the morning, and the sun was shining with a subdued brightness through the dim veil which hangs over the great city. Sherlock Holmes was already at breakfast when I came down.

subdued - atténué; soumettre, subjuguer, assujettir

brightness - brillance, luminosité, intelligence

dim - dim; faible, vague

hangs over - s'accroche

"You will excuse me for not waiting for you," said he; "I have, I foresee, a very busy day before me in looking into this case of young Openshaw’s."

"What steps will you take?" I asked.

"It will very much depend upon the results of my first inquiries. I may have to go down to Horsham, after all."

"You will not go there first?"

"No, I shall commence with the City. Just ring the bell and the maid will bring up your coffee."

As I waited, I lifted the unopened newspaper from the table and glanced my eye over it. It rested upon a heading which sent a chill to my heart.

unopened - non ouvert

chill - refroidissement; froid

"Holmes," I cried, "you are too late."

"Ah!" said he, laying down his cup, "I feared as much. How was it done?" He spoke calmly, but I could see that he was deeply moved.

laying - pose; (lay) pose

deeply moved - profondément ému

"My eye caught the name of Openshaw, and the heading ‘Tragedy Near Waterloo Bridge.’ Here is the account:

" ‘Between nine and ten last night Police-Constable Cook, of the H Division, on duty near Waterloo Bridge, heard a cry for help and a splash in the water. The night, however, was extremely dark and stormy, so that, in spite of the help of several passers-by, it was quite impossible to effect a rescue. The alarm, however, was given, and, by the aid of the water-police, the body was eventually recovered. It proved to be that of a young gentleman whose name, as it appears from an envelope which was found in his pocket, was John Openshaw, and whose residence is near Horsham.

police-constable - (police-constable) agent de police

stormy - orageux

rescue - secours; ; délivrer, secourir, sauver, checksauver, sauvetage

proved - prouvé; prouver

residence - résidence, siege social

It is conjectured that he may have been hurrying down to catch the last train from Waterloo Station, and that in his haste and the extreme darkness he missed his path and walked over the edge of one of the small landing-places for river steamboats. The body exhibited no traces of violence, and there can be no doubt that the deceased had been the victim of an unfortunate accident, which should have the effect of calling the attention of the authorities to the condition of the riverside landing-stages.’ "

haste - hâte

steamboats - les bateaux a vapeur; bateau a vapeur

exhibited - exposée; exposer, exposition, piece a conviction

authorities - autorités; autorité, autorité, autorité

riverside - au bord de la riviere; ; berge, rive

We sat in silence for some minutes, Holmes more depressed and shaken than I had ever seen him.

depressed - déprimé; appuyer

"That hurts my pride, Watson," he said at last. "It is a petty feeling, no doubt, but it hurts my pride. It becomes a personal matter with me now, and, if God sends me health, I shall set my hand upon this gang. That he should come to me for help, and that I should send him away to his death-!

He sprang from his chair and paced about the room in uncontrollable agitation, with a flush upon his sallow cheeks and a nervous clasping and unclasping of his long thin hands.

unclasping - déverrouillage; dégrafer

"They must be cunning devils," he exclaimed at last. "How could they have decoyed him down there? The Embankment is not on the direct line to the station. The bridge, no doubt, was too crowded, even on such a night, for their purpose. Well, Watson, we shall see who will win in the long run. I am going out now!"

devils - diables; Diable, Satan, diable, diable, diable, type, diable

decoyed - leurré; leurre, appât, leurre, appâter, leurrer, piéger

Embankment - remblai; ; chaussée, talus

"To the police?"

"No; I shall be my own police. When I have spun the web they may take the flies, but not before."

spun - filé; tournoyer, (faire) tourner

All day I was engaged in my professional work, and it was late in the evening before I returned to Baker Street. Sherlock Holmes had not come back yet. It was nearly ten o’clock before he entered, looking pale and worn. He walked up to the sideboard, and tearing a piece from the loaf he devoured it voraciously, washing it down with a long draught of water.

loaf - pain; pain, miche

devoured - dévorée; dévorer, dévorer, dévorer

voraciously - avec voracité

"You are hungry," I remarked.

"Starving. It had escaped my memory. I have had nothing since breakfast."

Starving - affamés; affamant; (starve); mourir de faim, crever de faim


"Not a bite. I had no time to think of it."

bite - mordre, maintenir, garder, tomber dans le panneau, marcher

"And how have you succeeded?"


"You have a clue?"

"I have them in the hollow of my hand. Young Openshaw shall not long remain unavenged. Why, Watson, let us put their own devilish trade-mark upon them. It is well thought of!"

unavenged - non avouée

devilish - diabolique

trade-mark - (trade-mark) marque commerciale

"What do you mean?"

He took an orange from the cupboard, and tearing it to pieces he squeezed out the pips upon the table. Of these he took five and thrust them into an envelope. On the inside of the flap he wrote "S. H. for J. O." Then he sealed it and addressed it to "Captain James Calhoun, Barque Lone Star, Savannah, Georgia."

squeezed out - pressé

captain - capitaine, capitaine de vaisseau, agir en capitaine, piloter

Lone - solitaire; ; seul, isolé, unique

Savannah - savannah; savane

"That will await him when he enters port," said he, chuckling. "It may give him a sleepless night. He will find it as sure a precursor of his fate as Openshaw did before him."

await - attendre, s'attendre a, servir, guetter

port - port; connexion

chuckling - rires; (chuckle) rires

sleepless - l'insomnie; ; insomniaque

precursor - précurseur, précurseuse, réactif

"And who is this Captain Calhoun?"

"The leader of the gang. I shall have the others, but he first."

"How did you trace it, then?"

He took a large sheet of paper from his pocket, all covered with dates and names.

"I have spent the whole day," said he, "over Lloyd’s registers and files of the old papers, following the future career of every vessel which touched at Pondicherry in January and February in ’83. There were thirty-six ships of fair tonnage which were reported there during those months.

registers - registres; registre, inscription, registre, registre, registre

files - fichiers; file

tonnage - tonnage

Of these, one, the Lone Star, instantly attracted my attention, since, although it was reported as having cleared from London, the name is that which is given to one of the states of the Union."

"Texas, I think."

Texas - le texas; Texas

"I was not and am not sure which; but I knew that the ship must have an American origin."

origin - origine, source

"What then?"

"I searched the Dundee records, and when I found that the barque Lone Star was there in January, ’85, my suspicion became a certainty. I then inquired as to the vessels which lay at present in the port of London."

vessels - navires; vaisseau, recipient


"The Lone Star had arrived here last week. I went down to the Albert Dock and found that she had been taken down the river by the early tide this morning, homeward bound to Savannah. I wired to Gravesend and learned that she had passed some time ago, and as the wind is easterly I have no doubt that she is now past the Goodwins and not very far from the Isle of Wight."

Dock - quai; dock

taken down - enlevé

homeward - en direction de la maison

easterly - vers l'est

Isle - l'île; île

"What will you do, then?"

"Oh, I have my hand upon him. He and the two mates, are as I learn, the only native-born Americans in the ship. The others are Finns and Germans. I know, also, that they were all three away from the ship last night. I had it from the stevedore who has been loading their cargo.

mates - les copains; (s'')accoupler

native - maternel, autochtone, indigene, natif, endémique

Germans - les allemands; Allemand, Allemande, Allemand, Allemande

stevedore - débardeur; ; stevedore, manutentionnaire, aconier

loading - chargement, charge, rench: t-needed r; (load); chargement

cargo - cargo; ; cargaison

By the time that their sailing-ship reaches Savannah the mail-boat will have carried this letter, and the cable will have informed the police of Savannah that these three gentlemen are badly wanted here upon a charge of murder."

cable - câble, fil électrique, torsade

There is ever a flaw, however, in the best laid of human plans, and the murderers of John Openshaw were never to receive the orange pips which would show them that another, as cunning and as resolute as themselves, was upon their track. Very long and very severe were the equinoctial gales that year. We waited long for news of the Lone Star of Savannah, but none ever reached us.

murderers - meurtriers; meurtrier, meurtriere, assassin, assassine

We did at last hear that somewhere far out in the Atlantic a shattered stern-post of a boat was seen swinging in the trough of a wave, with the letters "L. S." carved upon it, and that is all which we shall ever know of the fate of the Lone Star.

stern - sévere; poupe

swinging - l'échangisme; pivotant; (swing); osciller, se balancer

trough - l'auge; ; auge (for food), abreuvoir (for drinking), gouttiere


twisted - tordu; twist, torsion, entortiller, tordre

Isa Whitney, brother of the late Elias Whitney, D.D., Principal of the Theological College of St. George’s, was much addicted to opium. The habit grew upon him, as I understand, from some foolish freak when he was at college; for having read De Quincey’s description of his dreams and sensations, he had drenched his tobacco with laudanum in an attempt to produce the same effects.

addicted - dépendants; dépendant, dépendante, intoxiqué, intoxiquée g

opium - l'opium; ; opium

foolish - sot, stupide, bete, idiot

freak - monstre; monstre, anormal

sensations - sensations; sensation, sensation

drenched - trempé; tremper

laudanum - le laudanum; ; laudanum

He found, as so many more have done, that the practice is easier to attain than to get rid of, and for many years he continued to be a slave to the drug, an object of mingled horror and pity to his friends and relatives. I can see him now, with yellow, pasty face, drooping lids, and pin-point pupils, all huddled in a chair, the wreck and ruin of a noble man.

rid - rid; débarrasser

slave - esclave, serf, serve, esclave

mingled - mélangés; mélanger

pasty - pâteux; pâteux

pin - épingle; épingle

pupils - éleves; écolier/-iere

huddled - blottis; foule dense et désordonnée, se blottir, se blottir

One night-it was in June, ’89-there came a ring to my bell, about the hour when a man gives his first yawn and glances at the clock. I sat up in my chair, and my wife laid her needle-work down in her lap and made a little face of disappointment.

needle - aiguille, saphir, coudre, taquiner, monter

lap - tour; clapoter

"A patient!" said she. "You’ll have to go out."

I groaned, for I was newly come back from a weary day.

We heard the door open, a few hurried words, and then quick steps upon the linoleum. Our own door flew open, and a lady, clad in some dark-coloured stuff, with a black veil, entered the room.

linoleum - linoléum

stuff - trucs; ; truc, substance (1), checkmachin (2), checktruc (2)

black veil - voile noir

"You will excuse my calling so late," she began, and then, suddenly losing her self-control, she ran forward, threw her arms about my wife’s neck, and sobbed upon her shoulder. "Oh, I’m in such trouble!" she cried; "I do so want a little help."

self-control - (self-control) le contrôle de soi

"Why," said my wife, pulling up her veil, "it is Kate Whitney. How you startled me, Kate! I had not an idea who you were when you came in."

pulling up - tirer vers le haut

"I didn’t know what to do, so I came straight to you." That was always the way. Folk who were in grief came to my wife like birds to a light-house.

grief - le chagrin; ; douleur, peine

"It was very sweet of you to come. Now, you must have some wine and water, and sit here comfortably and tell us all about it. Or should you rather that I sent James off to bed?"

comfortably - confortablement; agréablement

"Oh, no, no! I want the doctor’s advice and help, too. It’s about Isa. He has not been home for two days. I am so frightened about him!"

It was not the first time that she had spoken to us of her husband’s trouble, to me as a doctor, to my wife as an old friend and school companion. We soothed and comforted her by such words as we could find. Did she know where her husband was? Was it possible that we could bring him back to her?

soothed - apaisé; apaiser, apaiser, calmer, soulager

comforted - réconforté; confort, confort, consoler

It seems that it was. She had the surest information that of late he had, when the fit was on him, made use of an opium den in the farthest east of the City. Hitherto his orgies had always been confined to one day, and he had come back, twitching and shattered, in the evening. But now the spell had been upon him eight-and-forty hours, and he lay there, doubtless among the dregs of the docks, breathing in the poison or sleeping off the effects. There he was to be found, she was sure of it, at the Bar of Gold, in Upper Swandam Lane.

den - den; nid

hitherto - jusqu'a présent; ; jusqu'ici, jusqu'alors, jusqu'a maintenant

orgies - des orgies; orgie, partouze, orgie, partouze

twitching - twitching; (twitch) twitching

doubtless - sans doute; ; sans aucun doute, sans nul doute, indubitablement

dregs - la lie; lie, lie

docks - les quais; basin, dock

poison - poison, empoisonner

But what was she to do? How could she, a young and timid woman, make her way into such a place and pluck her husband out from among the ruffians who surrounded him?

timid - timide, craintif

pluck - tirer, pincer, plumer, voler, abats, persévérance, (du) cour

ruffians - ruffians; rufian, voyou, brute

There was the case, and of course there was but one way out of it. Might I not escort her to this place? And then, as a second thought, why should she come at all? I was Isa Whitney’s medical adviser, and as such I had influence over him. I could manage it better if I were alone. I promised her on my word that I would send him home in a cab within two hours if he were indeed at the address which she had given me.

escort - escorte, escorter

manage it - le gérer

And so in ten minutes I had left my armchair and cheery sitting-room behind me, and was speeding eastward in a hansom on a strange errand, as it seemed to me at the time, though the future only could show how strange it was to be.

cheery - heureuse

errand - course, commission

Through the gloom one could dimly catch a glimpse of bodies lying in strange fantastic poses, bowed shoulders, bent knees, heads thrown back, and chins pointing upward, with here and there a dark, lack-lustre eye turned upon the newcomer. Out of the black shadows there glimmered little red circles of light, now bright, now faint, as the burning poison waxed or waned in the bowls of the metal pipes. The most lay silent, but some muttered to themselves, and others talked together in a strange, low, monotonous voice, their conversation coming in gushes, and then suddenly tailing off into silence, each mumbling out his own thoughts and paying little heed to the words of his neighbour.

poses - poses; pose

thrown back - jeté en arriere

chins - mentons; menton

lack - manque; manque

lustre - l'éclat; lustre, éclat

shadows - ombres; ombre, ombre, prendre en filature, t+filer

glimmered - miroité; lueur, lueur, émettre une lueur

faint - évanouissement; s'évanouir, défailles, défaillez, défaillir

waxed - ciré; cire

waned - s'est terni; décroître

pipes - des tuyaux; cornemuse, conduit, tuyau, barre verticale, tube

muttered - marmonné; marmonner

monotonous - monotone

gushes - gushes; jaillissement, jaillir

tailing - la queue; (tail) la queue

thoughts - réflexions; idée, pensée, pensée

heed - attention, observer, surveiller, preter attention

At the farther end was a small brazier of burning charcoal, beside which on a three-legged wooden stool there sat a tall, thin old man, with his jaw resting upon his two fists, and his elbows upon his knees, staring into the fire.

brazier - brasero

charcoal - charbon de bois, fusain

stool - tabouret; tabouret

resting upon - sur lequel il repose

As I entered, a sallow Malay attendant had hurried up with a pipe for me and a supply of the drug, beckoning me to an empty berth.

Malay - malaise; malais, malais, malais, Malais, Malaise, malais, malais

supply - l'approvisionnement; livraison, fournir, pourvoir, provision

beckoning - l'appel; faire signe

berth - couchette, marge de manouvre

"Thank you. I have not come to stay," said I. "There is a friend of mine here, Mr. Isa Whitney, and I wish to speak with him."

There was a movement and an exclamation from my right, and peering through the gloom, I saw Whitney, pale, haggard, and unkempt, staring out at me.

exclamation - exclamation

haggard - hagard; émacié

unkempt - mal entretenu; ; ébouriffé

"My God! It’s Watson," said he. He was in a pitiable state of reaction, with every nerve in a twitter. "I say, Watson, what o’clock is it?"

pitiable - pitoyable

nerve - nerf, nervure, toupet, culot, cran

"Nearly eleven."

"Of what day?"

"Of Friday, June 19th."

"Good heavens! I thought it was Wednesday. It is Wednesday. What d’you want to frighten a chap for?" He sank his face onto his arms and began to sob in a high treble key.

Good heavens - Grands dieux

frighten - effrayer, redouter, terrifier

"I tell you that it is Friday, man. Your wife has been waiting this two days for you. You should be ashamed of yourself!"

"So I am. But you’ve got mixed, Watson, for I have only been here a few hours, three pipes, four pipes-I forget how many. But I’ll go home with you. I wouldn’t frighten Kate-poor little Kate. Give me your hand! Have you a cab?"

"Yes, I have one waiting."

"Then I shall go in it. But I must owe something. Find what I owe, Watson. I am all off colour. I can do nothing for myself."

I walked down the narrow passage between the double row of sleepers, holding my breath to Keep out the vile, stupefying fumes of the drug, and looking about for the manager. As I passed the tall man who sat by the brazier I felt a sudden pluck at my skirt, and a low voice whispered, "Walk past me, and then look back at me." The words fell quite distinctly upon my ear. I glanced down. They could only have come from the old man at my side, and yet he sat now as absorbed as ever, very thin, very wrinkled, bent with age, an opium pipe dangling down from between his knees, as though it had dropped in sheer lassitude from his fingers.

Keep out - Garder dehors

stupefying - stupéfiant; stupéfier, abrutir, hébéter, sidérer, abasourdir

fumes - des fumées; fulminer

absorbed - absorbé; absorber, absorber, éponger, absorber, absorber

lassitude - lassitude

I took two steps forward and looked back. It took all my self-control to prevent me from breaking out into a cry of astonishment. He had turned his back so that none could see him but I. His form had filled out, his wrinkles were gone, the dull eyes had regained their fire, and there, sitting by the fire and grinning at my surprise, was none other than Sherlock Holmes. He made a slight motion to me to approach him, and instantly, as he turned his face half round to the company once more, subsided into a doddering, loose-lipped senility.

breaking out - en train d'éclater

wrinkles - rides; ride

grinning at - en train de sourire

subsided - s'est apaisée; tomber, calmer

loose - en vrac; ample, desserré

lipped - lippée; levre, levre

senility - la sénilité; ; sénilité

"Holmes!" I whispered, "what on earth are you doing in this den?"

"As low as you can," he answered; "I have excellent ears. If you would have the great kindness to get rid of that sottish friend of yours I should be exceedingly glad to have a little talk with you."

sottish - écossais

"I have a cab outside."

"Then pray send him home in it. You may safely trust him, for he appears to be too limp to get into any mischief. I should recommend you also to send a note by the cabman to your wife to say that you have thrown in your lot with me. If you will wait outside, I shall be with you in five minutes."

mischief - méfaits; ; espieglerie, betise, polissonnerie, méfait

It was difficult to refuse any of Sherlock Holmes’ requests, for they were always so exceedingly definite, and put forward with such a quiet air of mastery. I felt, however, that when Whitney was once confined in the cab my mission was practically accomplished; and for the rest, I could not wish anything better than to be associated with my friend in one of those singular adventures which were the normal condition of his existence.

mastery - maîtrise

In a few minutes I had written my note, paid Whitney’s bill, led him out to the cab, and seen him driven through the darkness. In a very short time a decrepit figure had emerged from the opium den, and I was walking down the street with Sherlock Holmes. For two streets he shuffled along with a bent back and an uncertain foot. Then, glancing quickly round, he straightened himself out and burst into a hearty fit of laughter.

decrepit - décrépit

shuffled - mélangé; battage, battre, mélanger, traîner les pieds

straightened - redressé; redresser

hearty - cordial, copieux

"I suppose, Watson," said he, "that you imagine that I have added opium-smoking to cocaine injections, and all the other little weaknesses on which you have favoured me with your medical views."

injections - des injections; injection, injection, injection, rench: -neededr

weaknesses - les faiblesses; faiblesse, faiblesse, point faible, faible

favoured - favorisée; service

"I was certainly surprised to find you there."

"But not more so than I to find you."

"I came to find a friend."

"And I to find an enemy."

"An enemy?"

"Yes; one of my natural enemies, or, shall I say, my natural prey. Briefly, Watson, I am in the midst of a very remarkable inquiry, and I have hoped to find a clue in the incoherent ramblings of these sots, as I have done before now. Had I been recognised in that den my life would not have been worth an hour’s purchase; for I have used it before now for my own purposes, and the rascally Lascar who runs it has sworn to have vengeance upon me.

prey - la proie; ; butin, prise, proie

midst - centre, milieu

incoherent - incohérent

sots - sots; sot

purchase - l'achat; ; achat, acquisition, acheter, acquérir

rascally - coquine

Lascar - Lascar

sworn - assermenté; jurer

vengeance - vengeance

There is a trap-door at the back of that building, near the corner of Paul’s Wharf, which could tell some strange tales of what has passed through it upon the moonless nights."

trap-door - (trap-door) une trappe

wharf - quai, appontement, checkappontement

"What! You do not mean bodies?"

"Ay, bodies, Watson. We should be rich men if we had L1000 for every poor devil who has been done to death in that den. It is the vilest murder-trap on the whole riverside, and I fear that Neville St. Clair has entered it never to leave it more.

Ay - il est vrai que

vilest - le plus vil; vil

But our trap should be here." He put his two forefingers between his teeth and whistled shrilly-a signal which was answered by a similar whistle from the distance, followed shortly by the rattle of wheels and the clink of horses’ hoofs.

forefingers - les index; index

shrilly - a voix haute

whistle - sifflet, siffler, sifflement, sifflements

clink - clink; cliquetis, de terre, taule

"Now, Watson," said Holmes, as a tall dog-cart dashed up through the gloom, throwing out two golden tunnels of yellow light from its side lanterns. "You’ll come with me, won’t you?"

cart - chariot; chariot, charrette

throwing out - a jeter

tunnels - tunnels; tunnel

lanterns - lanternes; lanterne, lanterne

"If I can be of use."

"Oh, a trusty comrade is always of use; and a chronicler still more so. My room at The Cedars is a double-bedded one."

trusty - de confiance; ; fidele, fiable, bon vieux

comrade - camarade f, camarade

chronicler - chroniqueur

cedars - des cedres; cedre, cedre

"The Cedars?"

"Yes; that is Mr. St. Clair’s house. I am staying there while I conduct the inquiry."

"Where is it, then?"

"Near Lee, in Kent. We have a seven-mile drive before us."

"But I am all in the dark."

"Of course you are. You’ll know all about it presently. jump up here. All right, John; we shall not need you. Here’s half a crown. Look out for me to-morrow, about eleven. Give her her head. So long, then!"

jump up - sauter

He flicked the horse with his whip, and we dashed away through the endless succession of sombre and deserted streets, which widened gradually, until we were flying across a broad balustraded bridge, with the murky river flowing sluggishly beneath us. Beyond lay another dull wilderness of bricks and mortar, its silence broken only by the heavy, regular footfall of the policeman, or the songs and shouts of some belated party of revellers. A dull wrack was drifting slowly across the sky, and a star or two twinkled dimly here and there through the rifts of the clouds.

flicked - pichenette; pichenette, chiquenaude, défiler

succession - succession

sombre - sombre

gradually - progressivement

balustraded - a balustrade

murky - sombre, trouble

sluggishly - paresseusement

wilderness - la nature sauvage; ; désert, naturalité, nature sauvage

bricks - briques; brique, brique, soutien, rouge brique, brique

mortar - mortier

wrack - le fucus

drifting - a la dérive; dérive, dériver, errer, dévier

twinkled - a scintillé; briller, briller, cligner, virevolter

rifts - failles; fissure, fente

Holmes drove in silence, with his head sunk upon his breast, and the air of a man who is lost in thought, while I sat beside him, curious to learn what this new quest might be which seemed to tax his powers so sorely, and yet afraid to break in upon the current of his thoughts. We had driven several miles, and were beginning to get to the fringe of the belt of suburban villas, when he shook himself, shrugged his shoulders, and lit up his pipe with the air of a man who has satisfied himself that he is acting for the best.

tax - l'impôt; impot, impôt, prestation

sorely - douloureusement

current - courant, présent, actuel

villas - villas; villa

"You have a grand gift of silence, Watson," said he. "It makes you quite invaluable as a companion. ’Pon my word, it is a great thing for me to have someone to talk to, for my own thoughts are not over-pleasant. I was wondering what I should say to this dear little woman to-night when she meets me at the door."

invaluable - inestimable

wondering - se demander; (wonder); merveille, se demander, conjecturer

"You forget that I know nothing about it."

"I shall just have time to tell you the facts of the case before we get to Lee. It seems absurdly simple, and yet, somehow I can get nothing to go upon. There’s plenty of thread, no doubt, but I can’t get the end of it into my hand. Now, I’ll state the case clearly and concisely to you, Watson, and maybe you can see a spark where all is dark to me."

somehow - d'une maniere ou d'une autre

plenty - l'abondance; ; abondance

thread - fil, processus léger, exétron, fil de discussion, filer

concisely - de maniere concise

"Proceed, then."

"Some years ago-to be definite, in May, 1884-there came to Lee a gentleman, Neville St. Clair by name, who appeared to have plenty of money. He took a large villa, laid out the grounds very nicely, and lived generally in good style. By degrees he made friends in the neighbourhood, and in 1887 he married the daughter of a local brewer, by whom he now has two children. He had no occupation, but was interested in several companies and went into town as a rule in the morning, returning by the 5:14 from Cannon Street every night.

made friends - s'est fait des amis

brewer - brasseur, brasseuse

cannon - canon

Mr. St. Clair is now thirty-seven years of age, is a man of temperate habits, a good husband, a very affectionate father, and a man who is popular with all who know him. I may add that his whole debts at the present moment, as far as we have been able to ascertain, amount to L88 10s., while he has L220 standing to his credit in the Capital and Counties Bank. There is no reason, therefore, to think that money troubles have been weighing upon his mind.

temperate - tempéré

ascertain - vérification; ; constater, définir

Counties - comtés; comté, comté

weighing - peser; ; pesée, pesage; (weigh); peser, lever l’ancre

"Last Monday Mr. Neville St. Clair went into town rather earlier than usual, remarking before he started that he had two important commissions to perform, and that he would bring his little boy home a box of bricks. Now, by the merest chance, his wife received a telegram upon this same Monday, very shortly after his departure, to the effect that a small parcel of considerable value which she had been expecting was waiting for her at the offices of the Aberdeen shipping company.

remarking - remarque; remarque

commissions - des commissions; commission, commission, fr

small parcel - petit colis

Aberdeen - aberdeen; Aberdeen

shipping company - la compagnie de navigation

Now, if you are well up in your London, you will know that the office of the company is in Fresno Street, which branches out of Upper Swandam Lane, where you found me to-night. Mrs. St. Clair had her lunch, started for the City, did some shopping, proceeded to the company’s office, got her packet, and found herself at exactly 4:35 walking through Swandam Lane on her way back to the station. Have you followed me so far?"

proceeded - a procédé; avancer, procéder, procéder

"It is very clear."

"If you remember, Monday was an exceedingly hot day, and Mrs. St. Clair walked slowly, glancing about in the hope of seeing a cab, as she did not like the neighbourhood in which she found herself. While she was walking in this way down Swandam Lane, she suddenly heard an ejaculation or cry, and was struck cold to see her husband looking down at her and, as it seemed to her, beckoning to her from a second-floor window. The window was open, and she distinctly saw his face, which she describes as being terribly agitated.

ejaculation - éjaculation

He waved his hands frantically to her, and then vanished from the window so suddenly that it seemed to her that he had been plucked back by some irresistible force from behind. One singular point which struck her quick feminine eye was that although he wore some dark coat, such as he had started to town in, he had on neither collar nor necktie.

frantically - frénétiquement

plucked - plumé; tirer, pincer, plumer, voler, abats-p, persévérance

irresistible - irrésistible

feminine - féminine; ; féminin, féminin, féminin (2)

necktie - cravate

"Convinced that something was amiss with him, she rushed down the steps-for the house was none other than the opium den in which you found me to-night-and running through the front room she attempted to ascend the stairs which led to the first floor. At the foot of the stairs, however, she met this Lascar scoundrel of whom I have spoken, who thrust her back and, aided by a Dane, who acts as assistant there, pushed her out into the street. Filled with the most maddening doubts and fears, she rushed down the lane and, by rare good-fortune, met in Fresno Street a number of constables with an inspector, all on their way to their beat. The inspector and two men accompanied her back, and in spite of the continued resistance of the proprietor, they made their way to the room in which Mr. St. Clair had last been seen. There was no sign of him there. In fact, in the whole of that floor there was no one to be found save a crippled wretch of hideous aspect, who, it seems, made his home there.

attempted - tenté; tenter, essayer, tentative, attentat

ascend - s'élever; ; monter

aided - aidée; aide

Dane - dane; Danois, Danoise

constables - les gendarmes; agent/-e de police, gendarme

accompanied - accompagné; accompagner, accompagner

resistance - résistance

crippled - estropié; estropié, infirme, estropier, bridé

wretch - malheureux; malheureux/-euse

aspect - aspect, rench: t-needed r

Both he and the Lascar stoutly swore that no one else had been in the front room during the afternoon. So determined was their denial that the inspector was staggered, and had almost come to believe that Mrs. St. Clair had been deluded when, with a cry, she sprang at a small deal box which lay upon the table and tore the lid from it. Out there fell a cascade of children’s bricks. It was the toy which he had promised to bring home.

stoutly - avec acharnement

swore - juré; jurer

denial - négation, dénégation, refus, déni, rejet

deluded - trompés; tricher, tromper

cascade - cascade, chute d'eau

"This discovery, and the evident confusion which the cripple showed, made the inspector realise that the matter was serious. The rooms were carefully examined, and results all pointed to an abominable crime. The front room was plainly furnished as a sitting-room and led into a small bedroom, which looked out upon the back of one of the wharves. Between the wharf and the bedroom window is a narrow strip, which is dry at low tide but is covered at high tide with at least four and a half feet of water. The bedroom window was a broad one and opened from below. On examination traces of blood were to be seen upon the windowsill, and several scattered drops were visible upon the wooden floor of the bedroom.

cripple - estropié, infirme, estropier, bridé

abominable - abominable

wharves - quais; quai, appontement, quai, fr

strip - de la bande; bandeau, dégarnir, dépouillons, frange, dépouillez

low tide - marée basse

high tide - marée haute

windowsill - rebord de fenetre; ; appui de fenetre

Thrust away behind a curtain in the front room were all the clothes of Mr. Neville St. Clair, with the exception of his coat. His boots, his socks, his hat, and his watch-all were there. There were no signs of violence upon any of these garments, and there were no other traces of Mr. Neville St. Clair. Out of the window he must apparently have gone for no other exit could be discovered, and the ominous bloodstains upon the sill gave little promise that he could save himself by swimming, for the tide was at its very highest at the moment of the tragedy.

curtain - rideau

garments - vetements; vetement

exit - sortie; débouché, sortie, trémie de sortie, débouché

sill - sill; bille, seuil

"And now as to the villains who seemed to be immediately implicated in the matter. The Lascar was known to be a man of the vilest antecedents, but as, by Mrs. St. Clair’s story, he was known to have been at the foot of the stair within a very few seconds of her husband’s appearance at the window, he could hardly have been more than an accessory to the crime.

villains - des méchants; scélérat, méchant, vilain, paysan

implicated - impliqué; impliquer, impliquer

antecedents - antécédents; antécédent, ascendant, antécédent, antécédent

accessory - accessoire; secondaire, accessoire, appendice, auxiliaire

His defence was one of absolute ignorance, and he protested that he had no knowledge as to the doings of Hugh Boone, his lodger, and that he could not account in any way for the presence of the missing gentleman’s clothes.

defence - la défense; défense

protested - protesté; protester, protestation, manifestation

lodger - locataire; sows locataire

"So much for the Lascar manager. Now for the sinister cripple who lives upon the second floor of the opium den, and who was certainly the last human being whose eyes rested upon Neville St. Clair. His name is Hugh Boone, and his hideous face is one which is familiar to every man who goes much to the City. He is a professional beggar, though in order to avoid the police regulations he pretends to a small trade in wax vestas. Some little distance down Threadneedle Street, upon the left-hand side, there is, as you may have remarked, a small angle in the wall. Here it is that this creature takes his daily seat, cross-legged with his tiny stock of matches on his lap, and as he is a piteous spectacle a small rain of charity descends into the greasy leather cap which lies upon the pavement beside him. I have watched the fellow more than once before ever I thought of making his professional acquaintance, and I have been surprised at the harvest which he has reaped in a short time. His appearance, you see, is so remarkable that no one can pass him without observing him. A shock of orange hair, a pale face disfigured by a horrible scar, which, by its contraction, has turned up the outer edge of his upper lip, a bulldog chin, and a pair of very penetrating dark eyes, which present a singular contrast to the colour of his hair, all mark him out from amid the common crowd of mendicants and so, too, does his wit, for he is ever ready with a reply to any piece of chaff which may be thrown at him by the passers-by.

scar - cicatrice; cicatrice, stigmate

beggar - gueux, mendiant, mendiante, queteux

regulations - des reglements; reglement, réglementation, reglement

pretends - prétend; prétendre, prétendre a, feindre, faire semblant

small trade - petit échange

vestas - vestas; Vesta, Vesta

tiny - minuscule

Descends - descend; descendre, descendre, descendre

harvest - la récolte; ; récolte, moisson, récolter, moissonner, recueillir

reaped - récolté; faucher

disfigured - défiguré; défigurer

horrible - horrible, affreux, épouvantable

upper lip - la levre supérieure

mendicants - mendiants; mendiant

chaff - des paillettes; ; balle, bale

This is the man whom we now learn to have been the lodger at the opium den, and to have been the last man to see the gentleman of whom we are in quest."

"But a cripple!" said I. "What could he have done single-handed against a man in the prime of life?"

prime - premier; premier

"He is a cripple in the sense that he walks with a limp; but in other respects he appears to be a powerful and well-nurtured man. Surely your medical experience would tell you, Watson, that weakness in one limb is often compensated for by exceptional strength in the others."

powerful - puissant

nurtured - nourri; élever, éduquer, nourrir, favoriser, alimenter

weakness - faiblesse, point faible

compensated - indemnisés; compenser

"Pray continue your narrative."

"Mrs. St. Clair had fainted at the sight of the blood upon the window, and she was escorted home in a cab by the police, as her presence could be of no help to them in their investigations. Inspector Barton, who had charge of the case, made a very careful examination of the premises, but without finding anything which threw any light upon the matter. One mistake had been made in not arresting Boone instantly, as he was allowed some few minutes during which he might have communicated with his friend the Lascar, but this fault was soon remedied, and he was seized and searched, without anything being found which could incriminate him. There were, it is true, some blood-stains upon his right shirt-sleeve, but he pointed to his ring-finger, which had been cut near the nail, and explained that the bleeding came from there, adding that he had been to the window not long before, and that the stains which had been observed there came doubtless from the same source.

fainted - s'est évanoui; faible, léger

escorted - escorté; escorte, escorter

investigations - des enquetes; investigation

arresting - l'arrestation; arrestation, arreter

remedied - remédié; remede, recours, remede, remédier

ring-finger - (ring-finger) l'annulaire

nail - clou; clou, ongle, enclouer, clouer, caboche

bleeding - des saignements; ; saignant, saignement

He denied strenuously having ever seen Mr. Neville St. Clair and swore that the presence of the clothes in his room was as much a mystery to him as to the police. As to Mrs. St. Clair’s assertion that she had actually seen her husband at the window, he declared that she must have been either mad or dreaming. He was removed, loudly protesting, to the police-station, while the inspector remained upon the premises in the hope that the ebbing tide might afford some fresh clue.

denied - refusée; nier, démentir, refuser

strenuously - cassante

assertion - assertion

declared - déclarée; expliquer, déclarer, déclarer, déclarer, déclarer

protesting - protester; protester, protestation, manifestation

ebbing - en baisse; reflux, jusant, reflux, refluer, décliner

afford - se permettre; ; offrir

"And it did, though they hardly found upon the mud-bank what they had feared to find. It was Neville St. Clair’s coat, and not Neville St. Clair, which lay uncovered as the tide receded. And what do you think they found in the pockets?"

uncovered - a découvert; découvrir

receded - a reculé; reculer

"I cannot imagine."

"No, I don’t think you would guess. Every pocket stuffed with pennies and half-pennies-421 pennies and 270 half-pennies. It was no wonder that it had not been swept away by the tide. But a human body is a different matter. There is a fierce eddy between the wharf and the house. It seemed likely enough that the weighted coat had remained when the stripped body had been sucked away into the river."

stuffed - empaillé; truc, truc, substance (1), frachin (2), fr

swept away - balayé

eddy - eddy; tourbillon

stripped - dépouillé; enlever

sucked - aspiré; sucer, téter, etre chiant, etre nul

"But I understand that all the other clothes were found in the room. Would the body be dressed in a coat alone?"

"No, sir, but the facts might be met speciously enough. Suppose that this man Boone had thrust Neville St. Clair through the window, there is no human eye which could have seen the deed. What would he do then? It would of course instantly strike him that he must get rid of the tell-tale garments. He would seize the coat, then, and be in the act of throwing it out, when it would occur to him that it would swim and not sink. He has little time, for he has heard the scuffle downstairs when the wife tried to force her way up, and perhaps he has already heard from his Lascar confederate that the police are hurrying up the street.

seize - saisir, emparer

sink - couler, s'enfoncer, couler, évier, lavabo

There is not an instant to be lost. He rushes to some secret hoard, where he has accumulated the fruits of his beggary, and he stuffs all the coins upon which he can lay his hands into the pockets to make sure of the coat’s sinking. He throws it out, and would have done the same with the other garments had not he heard the rush of steps below, and only just had time to close the window when the police appeared."

rushes - des joncs; se précipiter, emmener d''urgence

hoard - thésauriser; réserve

accumulated - accumulés; accumuler, accumuler

stuffs - trucs; truc, truc, substance (1), frachin (2), fr

coins - pieces de monnaie; piece de monnaie, jeton, jeton

"It certainly sounds feasible."

feasible - faisable

"Well, we will take it as a working hypothesis for want of a better. Boone, as I have told you, was arrested and taken to the station, but it could not be shown that there had ever before been anything against him. He had for years been known as a professional beggar, but his life appeared to have been a very quiet and innocent one. There the matter stands at present, and the questions which have to be solved-what Neville St.

Clair was doing in the opium den, what happened to him when there, where is he now, and what Hugh Boone had to do with his disappearance-are all as far from a solution as ever. I confess that I cannot recall any case within my experience which looked at the first glance so simple and yet which presented such difficulties."

While Sherlock Holmes had been detailing this singular series of events, we had been whirling through the outskirts of the great town until the last straggling houses had been left behind, and we rattled along with a country hedge upon either side of us. Just as he finished, however, we drove through two scattered villages, where a few lights still glimmered in the windows.

whirling - tourbillonnant; (whirl); tourbillonner

outskirts - périphérie; banlieue

straggling - en retard; (straggle) en retard

hedge - couverture; haie

"We are on the outskirts of Lee," said my companion. "We have touched on three English counties in our short drive, starting in Middlesex, passing over an angle of Surrey, and ending in Kent. See that light among the trees? That is The Cedars, and beside that lamp sits a woman whose anxious ears have already, I have little doubt, caught the clink of our horse’s feet."

passing over - passer

"But why are you not conducting the case from Baker Street?" I asked.

conducting - la conduite; comportement, conduite, se comporter, conduire

"Because there are many inquiries which must be made out here. Mrs. St. Clair has most kindly put two rooms at my disposal, and you may rest assured that she will have nothing but a welcome for my friend and colleague. I hate to meet her, Watson, when I have no news of her husband. Here we are. Whoa, there, whoa!"

disposal - l'élimination; ; disposition, élimination

assured - assurée; assurée, assurerent, assura, assurai

Whoa - whoa; ; ho, hola, stop, ouah

We had pulled up in front of a large villa which stood within its own grounds. A stable-boy had run out to the horse’s head, and springing down, I followed Holmes up the small, winding gravel-drive which led to the house. As we approached, the door flew open, and a little blonde woman stood in the opening, clad in some sort of light mousseline de soie, with a touch of fluffy pink chiffon at her neck and wrists.

stable-boy - (stable-boy) garçon d'écurie

gravel - graviers, gravillons, gravier

mousseline - mousseline

She stood with her figure outlined against the flood of light, one hand upon the door, one half-raised in her eagerness, her body slightly bent, her head and face protruded, with eager eyes and parted lips, a standing question.

flood - inondation, inonder, submerger, noyer

"Well?" she cried, "well?" And then, seeing that there were two of us, she gave a cry of hope which sank into a groan as she saw that my companion shook his head and shrugged his shoulders.

"No good news?"


"No bad?"


"Thank God for that. But come in. You must be weary, for you have had a long day."

"This is my friend, Dr. Watson. He has been of most vital use to me in several of my cases, and a lucky chance has made it possible for me to bring him out and associate him with this investigation."

most vital - le plus vital

lucky chance - Une chance

associate - associé; ; fréquenter, associer

"I am delighted to see you," said she, pressing my hand warmly. "You will, I am sure, forgive anything that may be wanting in our arrangements, when you consider the blow which has come so suddenly upon us."

forgive - pardonner

"My dear madam," said I, "I am an old campaigner, and if I were not I can very well see that no apology is needed. If I can be of any assistance, either to you or to my friend here, I shall be indeed happy."

madam - madame, mere maquerelle, tenanciere

"Now, Mr. Sherlock Holmes," said the lady as we entered a well-lit dining-room, upon the table of which a cold supper had been laid out, "I should very much like to ask you one or two plain questions, to which I beg that you will give a plain answer."

dining - dîner; vacarme

supper - dîner; souper

"Certainly, madam."

"Do not trouble about my feelings. I am not hysterical, nor given to fainting. I simply wish to hear your real, real opinion."

feelings - sentiments

hysterical - hystérique

Fainting - l'évanouissement; ; syncope

Simply - tout simplement; ; simplement

"Upon what point?"

"In your heart of hearts, do you think that Neville is alive?"

Sherlock Holmes seemed to be embarrassed by the question. "Frankly, now!" she repeated, standing upon the rug and looking keenly down at him as he leaned back in a basket-chair.

be embarrassed - etre gené

rug - tapis, couverture

basket - panier

"Frankly, then, madam, I do not."

"You think that he is dead?"

"I do."


"I don’t say that. Perhaps."

"And on what day did he meet his death?"

"On Monday."

"Then perhaps, Mr. Holmes, you will be good enough to explain how it is that I have received a letter from him to-day."

Sherlock Holmes sprang out of his chair as if he had been galvanised.

"What!" he roared.

roared - a rugi; rugir, hurler, s'esclaffer, rire aux éclats

"Yes, to-day." She stood smiling, holding up a little slip of paper in the air.

"May I see it?"


He snatched it from her in his eagerness, and smoothing it out upon the table he drew over the lamp and examined it intently. I had left my chair and was gazing at it over his shoulder. The envelope was a very coarse one and was stamped with the Gravesend postmark and with the date of that very day, or rather of the day before, for it was considerably after midnight.

snatched - arraché; empoigner, happer, saisir, arracher, enlever

smoothing - lissage; (smooth); lisse, doux, facile, sophistiqué, naturel

intently - attentivement

gazing at - a regarder

coarse - grossier, brut, vulgaire

"Coarse writing," murmured Holmes. "Surely this is not your husband’s writing, madam."

"No, but the enclosure is."

"I perceive also that whoever addressed the envelope had to go and inquire as to the address."

inquire - demander; ; enqueter

"How can you tell that?"

"The name, you see, is in perfectly black ink, which has dried itself. The rest is of the greyish colour, which shows that blotting-paper has been used. If it had been written straight off, and then blotted, none would be of a deep black shade. This man has written the name, and there has then been a pause before he wrote the address, which can only mean that he was not familiar with it.

blotting - blotting; (blot); tache, (ink) pâté, souillure, tacher

blotted - éponge; tache, (ink) pâté, souillure, tacher

deep black - noir profond

pause - pauser, pause

It is, of course, a trifle, but there is nothing so important as trifles. Let us now see the letter. Ha! there has been an enclosure here!"

"Yes, there was a ring. His signet-ring."

signet-ring - (signet-ring) bague signet

"And you are sure that this is your husband’s hand?"

"One of his hands."


"His hand when he wrote hurriedly. It is very unlike his usual writing, and yet I know it well."

" ‘Dearest do not be frightened. All will come well. There is a huge error which it may take some little time to rectify. Wait in patience.-NEVILLE.’ Written in pencil upon the fly-leaf of a book, octavo size, no water-mark. Hum! Posted to-day in Gravesend by a man with a dirty thumb. Ha! And the flap has been gummed, if I am not very much in error, by a person who had been chewing tobacco. And you have no doubt that it is your husband’s hand, madam?

be frightened - etre effrayé

rectify - rectifier

octavo - octavo

gummed - gommé; gencive(s)

chewing tobacco - du tabac a mâcher

"None. Neville wrote those words."

"And they were posted to-day at Gravesend. Well, Mrs. St. Clair, the clouds lighten, though I should not venture to say that the danger is over."

lighten - alléger

Venture - venture; ; s'aventurer, risquer, oser

"But he must be alive, Mr. Holmes."

"Unless this is a clever forgery to put us on the wrong scent. The ring, after all, proves nothing. It may have been taken from him."

"No, no; it is, it is his very own writing!"

"Very well. It may, however, have been written on Monday and only posted to-day."

"That is possible."

"If so, much may have happened between."

"Oh, you must not discourage me, Mr. Holmes. I know that all is well with him. There is so keen a sympathy between us that I should know if evil came upon him. On the very day that I saw him last he cut himself in the bedroom, and yet I in the dining-room rushed upstairs instantly with the utmost certainty that something had happened. Do you think that I would respond to such a trifle and yet be ignorant of his death?"

discourage - décourager, dissuader

dining - dîner; dîner

ignorant - ignorant

"I have seen too much not to know that the impression of a woman may be more valuable than the conclusion of an analytical reasoner. And in this letter you certainly have a very strong piece of evidence to corroborate your view. But if your husband is alive and able to write letters, why should he remain away from you?"

valuable - de valeur; ; précieux, valeur

corroborate - corroborer

"I cannot imagine. It is unthinkable."

unthinkable - incroyable, inconcevable, impensable, inimaginable

"And on Monday he made no remarks before leaving you?"


"And you were surprised to see him in Swandam Lane?"

"Very much so."

"Was the window open?"


"Then he might have called to you?"

"He might."

"He only, as I understand, gave an inarticulate cry?"


"A call for help, you thought?"

"Yes. He waved his hands."

"But it might have been a cry of surprise. Astonishment at the unexpected sight of you might cause him to throw up his hands?"

"It is possible."

"And you thought he was pulled back?"

"He disappeared so suddenly."

"He might have leaped back. You did not see anyone else in the room?"

leaped - a sauté; sauter, bondir

"No, but this horrible man confessed to having been there, and the Lascar was at the foot of the stairs."

"Quite so. Your husband, as far as you could see, had his ordinary clothes on?"

"But without his collar or tie. I distinctly saw his bare throat."

bare - a nu; dénudé, dégarnir, nu

"Had he ever spoken of Swandam Lane?"


"Had he ever showed any signs of having taken opium?"


"Thank you, Mrs. St. Clair. Those are the principal points about which I wished to be absolutely clear. We shall now have a little supper and then retire, for we may have a very busy day to-morrow."

A large and comfortable double-bedded room had been placed at our disposal, and I was quickly between the sheets, for I was weary after my night of adventure.

Sherlock Holmes was a man, however, who, when he had an unsolved problem upon his mind, would go for days, and even for a week, without rest, turning it over, rearranging his facts, looking at it from every point of view until he had either fathomed it or convinced himself that his data were insufficient. It was soon evident to me that he was now preparing for an all-night sitting. He took off his coat and waistcoat, put on a large blue dressing-gown, and then wandered about the room collecting pillows from his bed and cushions from the sofa and armchairs. With these he constructed a sort of Eastern divan, upon which he perched himself cross-legged, with an ounce of shag tobacco and a box of matches laid out in front of him. In the dim light of the lamp I saw him sitting there, an old briar pipe between his lips, his eyes fixed vacantly upon the corner of the ceiling, the blue smoke curling up from him, silent, motionless, with the light shining upon his strong-set aquiline features. So he sat as I dropped off to sleep, and so he sat when a sudden ejaculation caused me to wake up, and I found the summer sun shining into the apartment. The pipe was still between his lips, the smoke still curled upward, and the room was full of a dense tobacco haze, but nothing remained of the heap of shag which I had seen upon the previous night.

unsolved - non résolue

rearranging - réarrangement; réorganiser, réarranger

fathomed - sondé; brasse

insufficient - insuffisante; ; insuffisant

dressing-gown - (dressing-gown) robe de chambre

pillows - oreillers; oreiller, tetiere

cushions - coussins; coussin, amortir

armchairs - fauteuils; fauteuil, chaise bourrée

constructed - construit; construction, construction, construire, construire

divan - divan, canapé

ounce - once; once

dim light - une faible lumiere

briar - bruyere

vacantly - vacante

curling up - a se recroqueviller

motionless - immobile

haze - brume; chicaner, brume, fumées

heap - tas, pile, monceau

previous - précédente; ; préalable

"Awake, Watson?" he asked.

awake - éveillé; (se) réveiller; (s'')éveiller


"Game for a morning drive?"


"Then dress. No one is stirring yet, but I know where the stable-boy sleeps, and we shall soon have the trap out." He chuckled to himself as he spoke, his eyes twinkled, and he seemed a different man to the sombre thinker of the previous night.

stirring - l'agitation; ; passionnant

stable - étable, écurie, stable, ferme

As I dressed I glanced at my watch. It was no wonder that no one was stirring. It was twenty-five minutes past four. I had hardly finished when Holmes returned with the news that the boy was putting in the horse.

"I want to test a little theory of mine," said he, pulling on his boots. "I think, Watson, that you are now standing in the presence of one of the most absolute fools in Europe. I deserve to be kicked from here to Charing Cross. But I think I have the key of the affair now."

fools - des imbéciles; dinde, fou, bouffon, mat, fou, duper, tromper

deserve - mériter

kicked - botté; donner un coup de pied (a, dans)

"And where is it?" I asked, smiling.

"In the bathroom," he answered. "Oh, yes, I am not joking," he continued, seeing my look of incredulity. "I have just been there, and I have taken it out, and I have got it in this Gladstone bag. Come on, my boy, and we shall see whether it will not fit the lock."

incredulity - l'incrédulité; ; incrédulité

We made our way downstairs as quietly as possible, and out into the bright morning sunshine. In the road stood our horse and trap, with the half-clad stable-boy waiting at the head. We both sprang in, and away we dashed down the London Road. A few country carts were stirring, bearing in vegetables to the metropolis, but the lines of villas on either side were as silent and lifeless as some city in a dream.

sunshine - soleil, lumiere du soleil

carts - chariots; charrette

metropolis - métropole, métropole

lifeless - sans vie

"It has been in some points a singular case," said Holmes, flicking the horse on into a gallop. "I confess that I have been as blind as a mole, but it is better to learn wisdom late than never to learn it at all."

flicking - le flicage; pichenette, chiquenaude, défiler

gallop - galop, galoper

wisdom - la sagesse; ; sagesse

In town the earliest risers were just beginning to look sleepily from their windows as we drove through the streets of the Surrey side. Passing down the Waterloo Bridge Road we crossed over the river, and dashing up Wellington Street wheeled sharply to the right and found ourselves in Bow Street. Sherlock Holmes was well known to the force, and the two constables at the door saluted him.

risers - les élévateurs; élévateur, praticable, contremarche

sleepily - en dormant

sharply - brusquement

saluted - salué; saluer, faire un salut

One of them held the horse’s head while the other led us in.

"Who is on duty?" asked Holmes.

"Inspector Bradstreet, sir."

"Ah, Bradstreet, how are you?" A tall, stout official had come down the stone-flagged passage, in a peaked cap and frogged jacket. "I wish to have a quiet word with you, Bradstreet." "Certainly, Mr. Holmes. Step into my room here." It was a small, office-like room, with a huge ledger upon the table, and a telephone projecting from the wall. The inspector sat down at his desk.

flagged - signalée; drapeau

peaked - en crete; pic

ledger - le grand livre; ; grand livre, longrine, moise, registre

"What can I do for you, Mr. Holmes?"

"I called about that beggarman, Boone-the one who was charged with being concerned in the disappearance of Mr. Neville St. Clair, of Lee."

beggarman - béguine

charged - chargé; frais-p, charge, chef d’accusation, chef d’inculpation

"Yes. He was brought up and remanded for further inquiries."

remanded - renvoyée; maintien (en détention préventive)

"So I heard. You have him here?"

"In the cells."

cells - cellules; cellule

"Is he quiet?"

"Oh, he gives no trouble. But he is a dirty scoundrel."


"Yes, it is all we can do to make him wash his hands, and his face is as black as a tinker’s. Well, when once his case has been settled, he will have a regular prison bath; and I think, if you saw him, you would agree with me that he needed it."

tinker - bricoler, bidouiller, magouiller, traficoter

"I should like to see him very much."

"Would you? That is easily done. Come this way. You can leave your bag."

"No, I think that I’ll take it."

"Very good. Come this way, if you please." He led us down a passage, opened a barred door, passed down a winding stair, and brought us to a whitewashed corridor with a line of doors on each side.

whitewashed - blanchi; lait de chaux, badigeon, blanchir, badigeonner

"The third on the right is his," said the inspector. "Here it is!" He quietly shot back a panel in the upper part of the door and glanced through.

"He is asleep," said he. "You can see him very well."

We both put our eyes to the grating. The prisoner lay with his face towards us, in a very deep sleep, breathing slowly and heavily. He was a middle-sized man, coarsely clad as became his calling, with a coloured shirt protruding through the rent in his tattered coat. He was, as the inspector had said, extremely dirty, but the grime which covered his face could not conceal its repulsive ugliness.

deep sleep - un sommeil profond

coarsely - grossierement; ; grossierement

grime - de la crasse; ; crasse, saleté

repulsive - répugnant

ugliness - la laideur; ; laideur

A broad wheal from an old scar ran right across it from eye to chin, and by its contraction had turned up one side of the upper lip, so that three teeth were exposed in a perpetual snarl. A shock of very bright red hair grew low over his eyes and forehead.

wheal - le blé

perpetual - perpétuel

"He’s a beauty, isn’t he?" said the inspector.

beauty - la beauté; ; beauté

"He certainly needs a wash," remarked Holmes. "I had an idea that he might, and I took the liberty of bringing the tools with me." He opened the Gladstone bag as he spoke, and took out, to my astonishment, a very large bath-sponge.

sponge - éponge, ivrogne, soulard, éponger

"He! he! You are a funny one," chuckled the inspector.

"Now, if you will have the great goodness to open that door very quietly, we will soon make him cut a much more respectable figure."

more respectable - plus respectable

"Well, I don’t know why not," said the inspector. "He doesn’t look a credit to the Bow Street cells, does he?" He slipped his key into the lock, and we all very quietly entered the cell. The sleeper half turned, and then settled down once more into a deep slumber. Holmes stooped to the water-jug, moistened his sponge, and then rubbed it twice vigorously across and down the prisoner’s face.

cell - cellule; cellule, cachot

sleeper - wagon lit, dormant

slumber - sommeil; ; somnolence, somnoler

stooped - vouté; se baisser

jug - carafe; pot, récipient, broc, cruche, carafe

moistened - humidifié; humidifier, mouiller

"Let me introduce you," he shouted, "to Mr. Neville St. Clair, of Lee, in the county of Kent."

Never in my life have I seen such a sight. The man’s face peeled off under the sponge like the bark from a tree. Gone was the coarse brown tint! Gone, too, was the horrid scar which had seamed it across, and the twisted lip which had given the repulsive sneer to the face! A twitch brought away the tangled red hair, and there, sitting up in his bed, was a pale, sad-faced, refined-looking man, black-haired and smooth-skinned, rubbing his eyes and staring about him with sleepy bewilderment.

peeled off - décollé

horrid - horribles; ; affreux, horrible, exécrable, désagréable

seamed - cousu; couture

twitch - twitch; donner, avoir un mouvement convulsif

sitting up - assis

refined - raffiné; raffiner, fr

haired - cheveux

rubbing - le frottement; frottage, froissement, lessivage

sleepy - somnolent, ensommeillé, ensuqué, endormi

bewilderment - la perplexité; ; ahurissement, confusion, perplexité

Then suddenly realising the exposure, he broke into a scream and threw himself down with his face to the pillow.

exposure - l'exposition; ; exposition

scream - cri, crier

pillow - oreiller, tetiere

"Great heavens!" cried the inspector, "it is, indeed, the missing man. I know him from the photograph."

heavens - les cieux; ciel, ciel, paradis, au-dela, cieux-p, paradis

The prisoner turned with the reckless air of a man who abandons himself to his destiny. "Be it so," said he. "And pray what am I charged with?"

abandons - abandonne; abandonner

destiny - destin; destin, destinée, sort

"With making away with Mr. Neville St.- Oh, come, you can’t be charged with that unless they make a case of attempted suicide of it," said the inspector with a grin. "Well, I have been twenty-seven years in the force, but this really takes the cake."

grin - sourire; rictus

"If I am Mr. Neville St. Clair, then it is obvious that no crime has been committed, and that, therefore, I am illegally detained."

illegally - illégalement

detained - détenu; détenir, arreter

"No crime, but a very great error has been committed," said Holmes. "You would have done better to have trusted your wife."

"It was not the wife; it was the children," groaned the prisoner. "God help me, I would not have them ashamed of their father. My God! What an exposure! What can I do?"

Sherlock Holmes sat down beside him on the couch and patted him kindly on the shoulder.

patted - tapoté; petite tape

"If you leave it to a court of law to clear the matter up," said he, "of course you can hardly avoid publicity. On the other hand, if you convince the police authorities that there is no possible case against you, I do not know that there is any reason that the details should find their way into the papers.

convince - convaincre, persuader

Inspector Bradstreet would, I am sure, make notes upon anything which you might tell us and submit it to the proper authorities. The case would then never go into court at all."

submit - se soumettre

proper - appropriée; ; approprié, convenable, exact, juste, propre

"God bless you!" cried the prisoner passionately. "I would have endured imprisonment, ay, even execution, rather than have left my miserable secret as a family blot to my children.

passionately - passionnément

endured - enduré; endurer, perdurer, supporter

imprisonment - l'emprisonnement; ; emprisonnement

execution - l'exécution; ; exécution

miserable - misérable

blot - tache, (ink) pâté, souillure, tacher

"You are the first who have ever heard my story. My father was a schoolmaster in Chesterfield, where I received an excellent education. I travelled in my youth, took to the stage, and finally became a reporter on an evening paper in London. One day my editor wished to have a series of articles upon begging in the metropolis, and I volunteered to supply them. There was the point from which all my adventures started. It was only by trying begging as an amateur that I could get the facts upon which to base my articles. When an actor I had, of course, learned all the secrets of making up, and had been famous in the green-room for my skill.

evening paper - le journal du soir

editor - rédacteur, lecteur-correcteur, réviseur, éditeur, éditrice

begging - la mendicité; (beg) la mendicité

volunteered - volontaire; volontaire, bénévole, volontaire

base - base; base, baser, basent, socle, basez, Assise, basons

I took advantage now of my attainments. I painted my face, and to make myself as pitiable as possible I made a good scar and fixed one side of my lip in a twist by the aid of a small slip of flesh-coloured plaster. Then with a red head of hair, and an appropriate dress, I took my station in the business part of the city, ostensibly as a match-seller but really as a beggar. For seven hours I plied my trade, and when I returned home in the evening I found to my surprise that I had received no less than 26s. 4d.

flesh - de la chair; ; chair, peau, chair, viande, corps, pulpe

plaster - le plâtre; ; onguent, plâtre, enduit, enduire, plâtrer

appropriate - approprié, idoine, approprier

ostensibly - apparemment

seller - vendeur; vendeur/-deuse

plied - plié; exercer (un métier)

trade - le commerce

"I wrote my articles and thought little more of the matter until, some time later, I backed a bill for a friend and had a writ served upon me for L25. I was at my wit’s end where to get the money, but a sudden idea came to me. I begged a fortnight’s grace from the creditor, asked for a holiday from my employers, and spent the time in begging in the City under my disguise. In ten days I had the money and had paid the debt.

fortnight - quinze jours, deux semaines, quinzaine

creditor - créancier, créanciere

debt - de la dette; ; dette

"Well, you can imagine how hard it was to settle down to arduous work at L2 a week when I knew that I could earn as much in a day by smearing my face with a little paint, laying my cap on the ground, and sitting still. It was a long fight between my pride and the money, but the dollars won at last, and I threw up reporting and sat day after day in the corner which I had first chosen, inspiring pity by my ghastly face and filling my pockets with coppers. Only one man knew my secret.

arduous - difficile; ; ardu

smearing - maculage; badigeonner, couvrir, diffamer, trace, traînée

inspiring - inspirant; inspirer, inspirer, inspirer

coppers - les cuivres; cuivre

He was the keeper of a low den in which I used to lodge in Swandam Lane, where I could every morning emerge as a squalid beggar and in the evenings transform myself into a well-dressed man about town. This fellow, a Lascar, was well paid by me for his rooms, so that I knew that my secret was safe in his possession.

squalid - sordide; sordide

transform - transformer, transformée

"Well, very soon I found that I was saving considerable sums of money. I do not mean that any beggar in the streets of London could earn L700 a year-which is less than my average takings-but I had exceptional advantages in my power of making up, and also in a facility of repartee, which improved by practice and made me quite a recognised character in the City.

sums - sommes; somme

facility - l'installation; ; facilité, infrastructure, installation

repartee - de la répartie; ; repartie

All day a stream of pennies, varied by silver, poured in upon me, and it was a very bad day in which I failed to take L2.

varied - varié; varier, varier, varier

poured in - versée

"As I grew richer I grew more ambitious, took a house in the country, and eventually married, without anyone having a suspicion as to my real occupation. My dear wife knew that I had business in the City. She little knew what.

more ambitious - plus ambitieux

"Last Monday I had finished for the day and was dressing in my room above the opium den when I looked out of my window and saw, to my horror and astonishment, that my wife was standing in the street, with her eyes fixed full upon me. I gave a cry of surprise, threw up my arms to cover my face, and, rushing to my confidant, the Lascar, entreated him to prevent anyone from coming up to me. I heard her voice downstairs, but I knew that she could not ascend. Swiftly I threw off my clothes, pulled on those of a beggar, and put on my pigments and wig. Even a wife’s eyes could not pierce so complete a disguise. But then it occurred to me that there might be a search in the room, and that the clothes might betray me.

entreated - demandé; supplier

pigments - des pigments; pigment, pigment, fr

wig - perruque

pierce - percer; perforage

betray - trahir, livrer

I threw open the window, reopening by my violence a small cut which I had inflicted upon myself in the bedroom that morning. Then I seized my coat, which was weighted by the coppers which I had just transferred to it from the leather bag in which I carried my takings. I hurled it out of the window, and it disappeared into the Thames. The other clothes would have followed, but at that moment there was a rush of constables up the stair, and a few minutes after I found, rather, I confess, to my relief, that instead of being identified as Mr. Neville St. Clair, I was arrested as his murderer.

reopening - réouverture; (reopen); rouvrir, réouvrir, rench: se rouvrir

Thames - la tamise; Tamise

relief - secours; allégement, relief, soulagement

"I do not know that there is anything else for me to explain. I was determined to preserve my disguise as long as possible, and hence my preference for a dirty face. Knowing that my wife would be terribly anxious, I slipped off my ring and confided it to the Lascar at a moment when no constable was watching me, together with a hurried scrawl, telling her that she had no cause to fear."

preference - préférence

slipped off - a glissé

confided - confiée; faire confiance, confier, confier

constable - gendarme; ; constable, connétable

scrawl - gribouillis; griffonner

"That note only reached her yesterday," said Holmes.

"Good God! What a week she must have spent!"

"The police have watched this Lascar," said Inspector Bradstreet, "and I can quite understand that he might find it difficult to post a letter unobserved. Probably he handed it to some sailor customer of his, who forgot all about it for some days."

unobserved - non observée

sailor - marin; ; matelot, matelote, femme matelot, femme-matelot

"That was it," said Holmes, nodding approvingly; "I have no doubt of it. But have you never been prosecuted for begging?"

approvingly - avec approbation

prosecuted - poursuivis; poursuivre en justice

"Many times; but what was a fine to me?"

"It must stop here, however," said Bradstreet. "If the police are to hush this thing up, there must be no more of Hugh Boone."

Hush - chut !; silence

"I have sworn it by the most solemn oaths which a man can take."

most solemn - le plus solennel

oaths - serments; serment, juron, jurer

"In that case I think that it is probable that no further steps may be taken. But if you are found again, then all must come out. I am sure, Mr. Holmes, that we are very much indebted to you for having cleared the matter up. I wish I knew how you reach your results."

found again - retrouvé

"I reached this one," said my friend, "by sitting upon five pillows and consuming an ounce of shag. I think, Watson, that if we drive to Baker Street we shall just be in time for breakfast."

consuming - la consommation; consumant, consommant; (consume); consommer


Carbuncle - carbuncle; ; carboucle

I had called upon my friend Sherlock Holmes upon the second morning after Christmas, with the intention of wishing him the compliments of the season. He was lounging upon the sofa in a purple dressing-gown, a pipe-rack within his reach upon the right, and a pile of crumpled morning papers, evidently newly studied, near at hand.

Christmas - Noël

compliments - des compliments; compliment, complimenter, faire un compliment

gown - robe, toge (general term, especially Roman Antiquity)

pile - pile; tapée, pilotis, foule, amas

Beside the couch was a wooden chair, and on the angle of the back hung a very seedy and disreputable hard-felt hat, much the worse for wear, and cracked in several places. A lens and a forceps lying upon the seat of the chair suggested that the hat had been suspended in this manner for the purpose of examination.

hung - accroché; suspendre, etre accroché

seedy - séditieux; ; louche, glauque

cracked - fissuré; (se) feler

forceps - des pinces

suspended - suspendue; suspendre, suspendre, suspendre

"You are engaged," said I; "perhaps I interrupt you."

interrupt - interrompre, couper

"Not at all. I am glad to have a friend with whom I can discuss my results. The matter is a perfectly trivial one"-he jerked his thumb in the direction of the old hat-"but there are points in connection with it which are not entirely devoid of interest and even of instruction."

jerked - secoué; secousse

I seated myself in his armchair and warmed my hands before his crackling fire, for a sharp frost had set in, and the windows were thick with the ice crystals. "I suppose," I remarked, "that, homely as it looks, this thing has some deadly story linked on to it-that it is the clue which will guide you in the solution of some mystery and the punishment of some crime."

crackling - crépitement; ; couenne rissolee; (crackle); crépitement

frost - givre, gel

crystals - des cristaux; cristal, cristal, de cristal, en cristal

"No, no. No crime," said Sherlock Holmes, laughing. "Only one of those whimsical little incidents which will happen when you have four million human beings all jostling each other within the space of a few square miles. Amid the action and reaction of so dense a swarm of humanity, every possible combination of events may be expected to take place, and many a little problem will be presented which may be striking and bizarre without being criminal.

whimsical - fantaisiste; ; capricieux, étrange, drôle, amusant

beings - etres; etre, créature, existence, etre

jostling - bousculade; (jostle); bousculer

humanity - l'humanité; ; humanité

combination - combinaison, sélection, association, groupement, side-car

We have already had experience of such."

"So much so," I remarked, "that of the last six cases which I have added to my notes, three have been entirely free of any legal crime."

"Precisely. You allude to my attempt to recover the Irene Adler papers, to the singular case of Miss Mary Sutherland, and to the adventure of the man with the twisted lip. Well, I have no doubt that this small matter will fall into the same innocent category. You know Peterson, the commissionaire?"

allude - alluder, faire allusion, suggérer

recover - récupérer; captons, capter, recouvrent, recouvrer, recouvrons

category - catégorie

commissionaire - commissionnaire


"It is to him that this trophy belongs."

trophy - trophée

"It is his hat."

"No, no, he found it. Its owner is unknown. I beg that you will look upon it not as a battered billycock but as an intellectual problem. And, first, as to how it came here. It arrived upon Christmas morning, in company with a good fat goose, which is, I have no doubt, roasting at this moment in front of Peterson’s fire. The facts are these: about four o’clock on Christmas morning, Peterson, who, as you know, is a very honest fellow, was returning from some small jollification and was making his way homeward down Tottenham Court Road. In front of him he saw, in the gaslight, a tallish man, walking with a slight stagger, and carrying a white goose slung over his shoulder. As he reached the corner of Goodge Street, a row broke out between this stranger and a little knot of roughs.

battered - battu; battre

billycock - billycock

intellectual - intellectuel, intellectuelle, intello

roasting - la torréfaction; rôtissant, rôtissage; (roast); rôtir

honest - honnete; ; honnete; (hon) honnete; ; honnete

jollification - la joie

gaslight - l'éclairage au gaz

tallish - grand

stagger - tituber; tituber; (stag); cerf, bouf

slung - en bandouliere; écharpe

roughs - des roughs; rude, rugueux, brut, approximatif, difficile, brut

One of the latter knocked off the man’s hat, on which he raised his stick to defend himself and, swinging it over his head, smashed the shop window behind him. Peterson had rushed forward to protect the stranger from his assailants; but the man, shocked at having broken the window, and seeing an official-looking person in uniform rushing towards him, dropped his goose, took to his heels, and vanished amid the labyrinth of small streets which lie at the back of Tottenham Court Road. The roughs had also fled at the appearance of Peterson, so that he was left in possession of the field of battle, and also of the spoils of victory in the shape of this battered hat and a most unimpeachable Christmas goose."

knocked off - enlevée

defend - défendre

smashed - écrasé; smash, fracasser, percuter, écraser

shop window - la vitrine du magasin

assailants - des assaillants; agresseur, assaillant

shocked - choqué; choc

fled - fui; s'enfuir, prendre la fuite, fuir, échapper

battle - bataille; bataille, combat

spoils - le gâchis; gâter, gâcher, gâter, gâter, tourner, dévoiler

victory - victoire

unimpeachable - irréprochable

Christmas goose - Une oie de Noël

"Which surely he restored to their owner?"

restored - restaurée; restaurer, rétablir, rétablir, rendre, restituer

"My dear fellow, there lies the problem. It is true that ‘For Mrs. Henry Baker’ was printed upon a small card which was tied to the bird’s left leg, and it is also true that the initials ‘H. B.’ are legible upon the lining of this hat, but as there are some thousands of Bakers, and some hundreds of Henry Bakers in this city of ours, it is not easy to restore lost property to any one of them."

legible - lisible

Bakers - les boulangers; boulanger, boulangere

restore - restaurer, rétablir, rendre, restituer

lost property - des objets perdus

"What, then, did Peterson do?"

"He brought round both hat and goose to me on Christmas morning, knowing that even the smallest problems are of interest to me. The goose we retained until this morning, when there were signs that, in spite of the slight frost, it would be well that it should be eaten without unnecessary delay.

unnecessary - inutile

Its finder has carried it off, therefore, to fulfil the ultimate destiny of a goose, while I continue to retain the hat of the unknown gentleman who lost his Christmas dinner."

finder - trouver

fulfil - remplir; accomplir

ultimate - dernier, ultime

"Did he not advertise?"


"Then, what clue could you have as to his identity?"

"Only as much as we can deduce."

"From his hat?"


"But you are joking. What can you gather from this old battered felt?"

"Here is my lens. You know my methods. What can you gather yourself as to the individuality of the man who has worn this article?"

I took the tattered object in my hands and turned it over rather ruefully. It was a very ordinary black hat of the usual round shape, hard and much the worse for wear. The lining had been of red silk, but was a good deal discoloured. There was no maker’s name; but, as Holmes had remarked, the initials "H.

ruefully - avec dépit

B." were scrawled upon one side. It was pierced in the brim for a hat-securer, but the elastic was missing. For the rest, it was cracked, exceedingly dusty, and spotted in several places, although there seemed to have been some attempt to hide the discoloured patches by smearing them with ink.

brim - bord; bord

securer - sécuriser; (secure); sur, sécuriser

dusty - poussiéreux

patches - des correctifs; piece, rustine

"I can see nothing," said I, handing it back to my friend.

"On the contrary, Watson, you can see everything. You fail, however, to reason from what you see. You are too timid in drawing your inferences."

"Then, pray tell me what it is that you can infer from this hat?"

infer - déduire, inférer

He picked it up and gazed at it in the peculiar introspective fashion which was characteristic of him. "It is perhaps less suggestive than it might have been," he remarked, "and yet there are a few inferences which are very distinct, and a few others which represent at least a strong balance of probability. That the man was highly intellectual is of course obvious upon the face of it, and also that he was fairly well-to-do within the last three years, although he has now fallen upon evil days.

represent - représenter; constituer, représentez, représentons

balance - l'équilibre; ; contrepoids, équilibre, solde, balancier, apurer

He had foresight, but has less now than formerly, pointing to a moral retrogression, which, when taken with the decline of his fortunes, seems to indicate some evil influence, probably drink, at work upon him. This may account also for the obvious fact that his wife has ceased to love him."

moral - moral, moral, moralité, morale

retrogression - régression; ; rétrogression

decline - déclin, déclin

"My dear Holmes!"

"He has, however, retained some degree of self-respect," he continued, disregarding my remonstrance. "He is a man who leads a sedentary life, goes out little, is out of training entirely, is middle-aged, has grizzled hair which he has had cut within the last few days, and which he anoints with lime-cream.

disregarding - le non-respect; mépris, ignorer, mépriser

leads - des pistes; conduire, mener

sedentary - sédentaire

out of training - en dehors de la formation

anoints - les onctions; oindre, enduire, étaler, étendre, oindre

lime - chaux; calcaire, chaux

These are the more patent facts which are to be deduced from his hat. Also, by the way, that it is extremely improbable that he has gas laid on in his house."

patent - brevet; brevet

improbable - invraisemblable, improbable

laid on - posée

"You are certainly joking, Holmes."

"Not in the least. Is it possible that even now, when I give you these results, you are unable to see how they are attained?"

attained - atteint; atteindre

"I have no doubt that I am very stupid, but I must confess that I am unable to follow you. For example, how did you deduce that this man was intellectual?"

For answer Holmes clapped the hat upon his head. It came right over the forehead and settled upon the bridge of his nose. "It is a question of cubic capacity," said he; "a man with so large a brain must have something in it."

cubic capacity - la capacité cubique

"The decline of his fortunes, then?"

"This hat is three years old. These flat brims curled at the edge came in then. It is a hat of the very best quality. Look at the band of ribbed silk and the excellent lining. If this man could afford to buy so expensive a hat three years ago, and has had no hat since, then he has assuredly gone down in the world."

brims - les bordures; bord

ribbed - nervuré; côte

assuredly - assurément

"Well, that is clear enough, certainly. But how about the foresight and the moral retrogression?"

Sherlock Holmes laughed. "Here is the foresight," said he putting his finger upon the little disc and loop of the hat-securer. "They are never sold upon hats. If this man ordered one, it is a sign of a certain amount of foresight, since he went out of his way to take this precaution against the wind. But since we see that he has broken the elastic and has not troubled to replace it, it is obvious that he has less foresight now than formerly, which is a distinct proof of a weakening nature.

disc - disque; plaque, disque

loop - boucle, circuit fermé

weakening - l'affaiblissement; affaiblir, affaiblir

On the other hand, he has endeavoured to conceal some of these stains upon the felt by daubing them with ink, which is a sign that he has not entirely lost his self-respect."

daubing - daubing; (daub); torchis, croute, barbouiller

"Your reasoning is certainly plausible."

plausible - plausible

"The further points, that he is middle-aged, that his hair is grizzled, that it has been recently cut, and that he uses lime-cream, are all to be gathered from a close examination of the lower part of the lining. The lens discloses a large number of hair-ends, clean cut by the scissors of the barber. They all appear to be adhesive, and there is a distinct odour of lime-cream.

gathered - rassemblés; rassembler, ramasser, recueillir, ramasser

discloses - divulgue; découvrir, laisser voir, révéler, divulguer, dévoiler

barber - coiffeur, coiffeuse, barbier

adhesive - adhésif, collant, adhésif

odour - odeur; odeur

This dust, you will observe, is not the gritty, grey dust of the street but the fluffy brown dust of the house, showing that it has been hung up indoors most of the time, while the marks of moisture upon the inside are proof positive that the wearer perspired very freely, and could therefore, hardly be in the best of training."

gritty - granuleux; ; graveleux, résolu, déterminé

indoors - a l'intérieur; intérieur, salle

wearer - support

perspired - transpiré; transpirer

"But his wife-you said that she had ceased to love him."

"This hat has not been brushed for weeks. When I see you, my dear Watson, with a week’s accumulation of dust upon your hat, and when your wife allows you to go out in such a state, I shall fear that you also have been unfortunate enough to lose your wife’s affection."

"But he might be a bachelor."

"Nay, he was bringing home the goose as a peace-offering to his wife. Remember the card upon the bird’s leg."

Nay - nay; ou plutôt, voire, que dis-je

offering - offre, offrande; (offer); offre, offrande

"You have an answer to everything. But how on earth do you deduce that the gas is not laid on in his house?"

"One tallow stain, or even two, might come by chance; but when I see no less than five, I think that there can be little doubt that the individual must be brought into frequent contact with burning tallow-walks upstairs at night probably with his hat in one hand and a guttering candle in the other. Anyhow, he never got tallow-stains from a gas-jet. Are you satisfied?"

tallow - suif

stain - tache, souillure, colorant, tacher, entacher, colorer

frequent - fréquents; fréquenter

guttering - la gouttiere; (gutter) la gouttiere

candle - bougie, chandelle

"Well, it is very ingenious," said I, laughing; "but since, as you said just now, there has been no crime committed, and no harm done save the loss of a goose, all this seems to be rather a waste of energy."

waste - déchets; déchets, pelée, gaspiller, gâcher

Sherlock Holmes had opened his mouth to reply, when the door flew open, and Peterson, the commissionaire, rushed into the apartment with flushed cheeks and the face of a man who is dazed with astonishment.

dazed - étourdi; stupéfaction, étourdir, abasourdir

"The goose, Mr. Holmes! The goose, sir!" he gasped.

gasped - haletant; retenir son souffle, haleter, ahaner, haletement

"Eh? What of it, then? Has it returned to life and flapped off through the kitchen window?" Holmes twisted himself round upon the sofa to get a fairer view of the man’s excited face.

eh - eh

flapped - battu; pan

"See here, sir! See what my wife found in its crop!" He held out his hand and displayed upon the centre of the palm a brilliantly scintillating blue stone, rather smaller than a bean in size, but of such purity and radiance that it twinkled like an electric point in the dark hollow of his hand.

scintillating - scintillant; scintiller

purity - la pureté; ; pureté

Sherlock Holmes sat up with a whistle. "By Jove, Peterson!" said he, "this is treasure trove indeed. I suppose you know what you have got?"

treasure trove - un trésor

"A diamond, sir? A precious stone. It cuts into glass as though it were putty."

diamond - diamant; diamant

precious stone - pierre précieuse

cuts into - coupe dans

"It’s more than a precious stone. It is the precious stone."

precious - précieux

"Not the Countess of Morcar’s blue carbuncle!" I ejaculated.

Countess - comtesse

"Precisely so. I ought to know its size and shape, seeing that I have read the advertisement about it in The Times every day lately. It is absolutely unique, and its value can only be conjectured, but the reward offered of L1000 is certainly not within a twentieth part of the market price."

twentieth part -

"A thousand pounds! Great Lord of mercy!" The commissionaire plumped down into a chair and stared from one to the other of us.

mercy - la pitié; ; miséricorde, pitié

plumped - repulpée; grassouillet

"That is the reward, and I have reason to know that there are sentimental considerations in the background which would induce the Countess to part with half her fortune if she could but recover the gem."

considerations - considérations; considération, considération, fr

induce - induire

gem - gemme; ; joyau, pierre précieuse, merle blanc, oiseau rare

"It was lost, if I remember aright, at the Hotel Cosmopolitan," I remarked.

aright - n'est-ce pas

Cosmopolitan - cosmopolite

"Precisely so, on December 22nd, just five days ago. John Horner, a plumber, was accused of having abstracted it from the lady’s jewel-case. The evidence against him was so strong that the case has been referred to the Assizes. I have some account of the matter here, I believe." He rummaged amid his newspapers, glancing over the dates, until at last he smoothed one out, doubled it over, and read the following paragraph:

abstracted - abstraites; résumé, abstrait, abstrait, abstrait, abstrait

jewel-case - (jewel-case) boîtier de bijou

smoothed - lissé; lisse, doux, facile, lisse, sophistiqué, naturel, souple

"Hotel Cosmopolitan Jewel Robbery. John Horner, 26, plumber, was brought up upon the charge of having upon the 22nd inst., abstracted from the jewel-case of the Countess of Morcar the valuable gem known as the blue carbuncle. James Ryder, upper-attendant at the hotel, gave his evidence to the effect that he had shown Horner up to the dressing-room of the Countess of Morcar upon the day of the robbery in order that he might solder the second bar of the grate, which was loose. He had remained with Horner some little time, but had finally been called away. On returning, he found that Horner had disappeared, that the bureau had been forced open, and that the small morocco casket in which, as it afterwards transpired, the Countess was accustomed to keep her jewel, was lying empty upon the dressing-table. Ryder instantly gave the alarm, and Horner was arrested the same evening; but the stone could not be found either upon his person or in his rooms.

inst - inst

solder - soudure, souder

bureau - bureau, agence, secrétaire, chiffonnier, commode

forced open - ouvert de force

morocco - maroc

casket - cercueil; ; coffret

transpired - s'est déroulée; s''avérer

Catherine Cusack, maid to the Countess, deposed to having heard Ryder’s cry of dismay on discovering the robbery, and to having rushed into the room, where she found matters as described by the last witness. Inspector Bradstreet, B division, gave evidence as to the arrest of Horner, who struggled frantically, and protested his innocence in the strongest terms. Evidence of a previous conviction for robbery having been given against the prisoner, the magistrate refused to deal summarily with the offence, but referred it to the Assizes. Horner, who had shown signs of intense emotion during the proceedings, fainted away at the conclusion and was carried out of court."

Catherine - catherine; Catherine

deposed - déposé; déposer, fraire une déposition, frrester serment, fr

cry of dismay - cri de consternation

struggled - en difficulté; lutte, lutter, s'efforcer, combattre

previous conviction - une précédente condamnation

summarily - sommairement

offence - offense, insulte

intense - intense

"Hum! So much for the police-court," said Holmes thoughtfully, tossing aside the paper. "The question for us now to solve is the sequence of events leading from a rifled jewel-case at one end to the crop of a goose in Tottenham Court Road at the other. You see, Watson, our little deductions have suddenly assumed a much more important and less innocent aspect. Here is the stone; the stone came from the goose, and the goose came from Mr. Henry Baker, the gentleman with the bad hat and all the other characteristics with which I have bored you.

tossing - le lancer; (toss); jet, au pile ou face, tirage au sort, lancer

sequence - suite, séquence

rifled - rayé; fusil

So now we must set ourselves very seriously to finding this gentleman and ascertaining what part he has played in this little mystery. To do this, we must try the simplest means first, and these lie undoubtedly in an advertisement in all the evening papers. If this fail, I shall have recourse to other methods."

recourse - recours

"What will you say?"

"Give me a pencil and that slip of paper. Now, then: ‘Found at the corner of Goodge Street, a goose and a black felt hat. Mr. Henry Baker can have the same by applying at 6:30 this evening at 221B, Baker Street.’ That is clear and concise."

felt hat - chapeau en feutre

concise - concis

"Very. But will he see it?"

"Well, he is sure to keep an eye on the papers, since, to a poor man, the loss was a heavy one. He was clearly so scared by his mischance in breaking the window and by the approach of Peterson that he thought of nothing but flight, but since then he must have bitterly regretted the impulse which caused him to drop his bird.

poor man - pauvre homme

mischance - malchance; malchance

bitterly - amerement; ; amerement

regretted - regretté; regretter, regret

Then, again, the introduction of his name will cause him to see it, for everyone who knows him will direct his attention to it. Here you are, Peterson, run down to the advertising agency and have this put in the evening papers."

advertising agency - agence de publicité

"In which, sir?"

"Oh, in the Globe, Star, Pall Mall, St. James’s, Evening News, Standard, Echo, and any others that occur to you."

globe - Terre, globe

Pall - pall; drap mortuaire, voile

Mall - mail, centre commercial

Standard - standard, étalon, étendard

Echo - echo; ; écho

"Very well, sir. And this stone?"

"Ah, yes, I shall keep the stone. Thank you. And, I say, Peterson, just buy a goose on your way back and leave it here with me, for we must have one to give to this gentleman in place of the one which your family is now devouring."

When the commissionaire had gone, Holmes took up the stone and held it against the light. "It’s a bonny thing," said he. "Just see how it glints and sparkles. Of course it is a nucleus and focus of crime. Every good stone is. They are the devil’s pet baits. In the larger and older jewels every facet may stand for a bloody deed. This stone is not yet twenty years old. It was found in the banks of the Amoy River in southern China and is remarkable in having every characteristic of the carbuncle, save that it is blue in shade instead of ruby red. In spite of its youth, it has already a sinister history. There have been two murders, a vitriol-throwing, a suicide, and several robberies brought about for the sake of this forty-grain weight of crystallised charcoal. Who would think that so pretty a toy would be a purveyor to the gallows and the prison? I’ll lock it up in my strong box now and drop a line to the Countess to say that we have it.

bonny - bonny

sparkles - des paillettes; étincellement

nucleus - noyau

baits - appâts; appât

jewels - bijoux; joyau, bijou, pierre d'horlogerie, rubis

facet - facette, volet, ommatidie, facetter

bloody - sanglante

ruby - rubis; rubis

murders - meurtres; meurtre, homicide, meurtre, assassinat, occire

vitriol - du vitriol; ; vitriol

robberies - vols; brigandage, vol a main armée, banditisme, braquage

grain - céréales; grain, graine

purveyor - fournisseur

strong box - boîte forte

drop a line - envoyer un message

"Do you think that this man Horner is innocent?"

"I cannot tell."

"Well, then, do you imagine that this other one, Henry Baker, had anything to do with the matter?"

"It is, I think, much more likely that Henry Baker is an absolutely innocent man, who had no idea that the bird which he was carrying was of considerably more value than if it were made of solid gold. That, however, I shall determine by a very simple test if we have an answer to our advertisement."

solid - solide, massif, plein, continu, solide

determine - déterminer

"And you can do nothing until then?"


"In that case I shall continue my professional round. But I shall come back in the evening at the hour you have mentioned, for I should like to see the solution of so tangled a business."

"Very glad to see you. I dine at seven. There is a woodcock, I believe. By the way, in view of recent occurrences, perhaps I ought to ask Mrs. Hudson to examine its crop."

dine - dîner

woodcock - bécasse

occurrences - des événements; occurrence

I had been delayed at a case, and it was a little after half-past six when I found myself in Baker Street once more. As I approached the house I saw a tall man in a Scotch bonnet with a coat which was buttoned up to his chin waiting outside in the bright semicircle which was thrown from the fanlight. Just as I arrived the door was opened, and we were shown up together to Holmes’ room.

delayed - retardée; retarder

Scotch - du scotch; ; Écossais, scotch

buttoned up - boutonné

semicircle - demi-cercle

fanlight - fanlight; ; fenetre en éventail

"Mr. Henry Baker, I believe," said he, rising from his armchair and greeting his visitor with the easy air of geniality which he could so readily assume. "Pray take this chair by the fire, Mr. Baker. It is a cold night, and I observe that your circulation is more adapted for summer than for winter. Ah, Watson, you have just come at the right time. Is that your hat, Mr. Baker?"

geniality - la générosité

Circulation - circulation

more adapted - plus adapté

"Yes, sir, that is undoubtedly my hat."

He was a large man with rounded shoulders, a massive head, and a broad, intelligent face, sloping down to a pointed beard of grizzled brown. A touch of red in nose and cheeks, with a slight tremor of his extended hand, recalled Holmes’ surmise as to his habits. His rusty black frock-coat was buttoned right up in front, with the collar turned up, and his lank wrists protruded from his sleeves without a sign of cuff or shirt.

sloping - en pente; renverser, déborder

pointed beard - Une barbe pointue

tremor - tremblement, trépidation, trémulation, tremblement de terre

recalled - rappelée; rappeler, souvenir

lank - lank; ; plats

He spoke in a slow staccato fashion, choosing his words with care, and gave the impression generally of a man of learning and letters who had had ill-usage at the hands of fortune.

usage - l'utilisation; ; usage, coutume

"We have retained these things for some days," said Holmes, "because we expected to see an advertisement from you giving your address. I am at a loss to know now why you did not advertise."

Our visitor gave a rather shamefaced laugh. "Shillings have not been so plentiful with me as they once were," he remarked. "I had no doubt that the gang of roughs who assaulted me had carried off both my hat and the bird. I did not care to spend more money in a hopeless attempt at recovering them."

shamefaced - honteux

shillings - shillings; shilling

plentiful - abondante; ; abondant, copieux, ample

assaulted - agressé; assaut, agression, attaquer, agresser

carried off - emportés

recovering - en cours de rétablissement; recouvrer (la santé)

"Very naturally. By the way, about the bird, we were compelled to eat it."

"To eat it!" Our visitor half rose from his chair in his excitement.

"Yes, it would have been of no use to anyone had we not done so. But I presume that this other goose upon the sideboard, which is about the same weight and perfectly fresh, will answer your purpose equally well?"

"Oh, certainly, certainly," answered Mr. Baker with a sigh of relief.

sigh - soupir; soupir

"Of course, we still have the feathers, legs, crop, and so on of your own bird, so if you wish-"

feathers - plumes; plume, fanon, mettre en drapeau, emplumer, fr

The man burst into a hearty laugh. "They might be useful to me as relics of my adventure," said he, "but beyond that I can hardly see what use the disjecta membra of my late acquaintance are going to be to me. No, sir, I think that, with your permission, I will confine my attentions to the excellent bird which I perceive upon the sideboard."

relics - des reliques; reliquat, relique

confine - enfermer; ; confiner, limite

Sherlock Holmes glanced sharply across at me with a slight shrug of his shoulders.

shrug - haussement d'épaules, hausser les épaules

"There is your hat, then, and there your bird," said he. "By the way, would it bore you to tell me where you got the other one from? I am somewhat of a fowl fancier, and I have seldom seen a better grown goose."

fowl - volaille; poule, volaille

fancier - amateur; (fancy) amateur

"Certainly, sir," said Baker, who had risen and tucked his newly gained property under his arm. "There are a few of us who frequent the Alpha Inn, near the Museum-we are to be found in the Museum itself during the day, you understand. This year our good host, Windigate by name, instituted a goose club, by which, on consideration of some few pence every week, we were each to receive a bird at Christmas.

tucked - tucked; rempli

Alpha - alpha; alpha

Inn - l'auberge; ; auberge

Host - l'hôte; hote, hôte

My pence were duly paid, and the rest is familiar to you. I am much indebted to you, sir, for a Scotch bonnet is fitted neither to my years nor my gravity." With a comical pomposity of manner he bowed solemnly to both of us and strode off upon his way.

duly - dument; ; dument, ponctuellement

pomposity - l'arrogance

strode - strode; marcher a grands pas

"So much for Mr. Henry Baker," said Holmes when he had closed the door behind him. "It is quite certain that he knows nothing whatever about the matter. Are you hungry, Watson?"

"Not particularly."

"Then I suggest that we turn our dinner into a supper and follow up this clue while it is still hot."

"By all means."

It was a bitter night, so we drew on our ulsters and wrapped cravats about our throats. Outside, the stars were shining coldly in a cloudless sky, and the breath of the passers-by blew out into smoke like so many pistol shots. Our footfalls rang out crisply and loudly as we swung through the doctors’ quarter, Wimpole Street, Harley Street, and so through Wigmore Street into Oxford Street.

cravats - des cravates; foulard

throats - gorges; gorge, goulot

blew out - a explosé

shots - tirs; coup

crisply - de façon nette

swung - balancé; osciller, se balancer, balancer, swinguer, balancer

In a quarter of an hour we were in Bloomsbury at the Alpha Inn, which is a small public-house at the corner of one of the streets which runs down into Holborn. Holmes pushed open the door of the private bar and ordered two glasses of beer from the ruddy-faced, white-aproned landlord.

public-house - (public-house) une maison publique

pushed open - ouvert

ruddy - ruddy; ; rougeâtre

aproned - tablier; tablier, tarmac, piste, tablier

"Your beer should be excellent if it is as good as your geese," said he.

geese - des oies

"My geese!" The man seemed surprised.

"Yes. I was speaking only half an hour ago to Mr. Henry Baker, who was a member of your goose club."

"Ah! yes, I see. But you see, sir, them’s not our geese."

"Indeed! Whose, then?"

"Well, I got the two dozen from a salesman in Covent Garden."

salesman - vendeur

Covent - covent

"Indeed? I know some of them. Which was it?"

"Breckinridge is his name."

"Ah! I don’t know him. Well, here’s your good health landlord, and prosperity to your house. Good-night."

prosperity - la prospérité; ; prospérité

"Now for Mr. Breckinridge," he continued, buttoning up his coat as we came out into the frosty air. "Remember, Watson that though we have so homely a thing as a goose at one end of this chain, we have at the other a man who will certainly get seven years’ penal servitude unless we can establish his innocence.

frosty - froid, gelé, givré, glacial

penal servitude - la servitude pénale

establish - affermir, établir

It is possible that our inquiry may but confirm his guilt; but, in any case, we have a line of investigation which has been missed by the police, and which a singular chance has placed in our hands. Let us follow it out to the bitter end. Faces to the south, then, and quick march!"

guilt - culpabilité; culpabilité

We passed across Holborn, down Endell Street, and so through a zigzag of slums to Covent Garden Market. One of the largest stalls bore the name of Breckinridge upon it, and the proprietor a horsey-looking man, with a sharp face and trim side-whiskers was helping a boy to put up the shutters.

zigzag - zigzag, zigzaguer

slums - bidonvilles; (de) bidonville

trim - de l'habillage; ; tailler, compenser, compensation

"Good-evening. It’s a cold night," said Holmes.

The salesman nodded and shot a questioning glance at my companion.

nodded - hoché la tete; dodeliner, hocher, dodeliner, hochement

"Sold out of geese, I see," continued Holmes, pointing at the bare slabs of marble.

slabs - dalles; bloc, pavé

marble - marbre, bille, grillot, marbrer

"Let you have five hundred to-morrow morning."

"That’s no good."

"Well, there are some on the stall with the gas-flare."

stall - décrochage; écurie, standing, étable

flare - flare; ; fusée lumineuse, feu de Bengale, arrondi

"Ah, but I was recommended to you."

"Who by?"

"The landlord of the Alpha."

"Oh, yes; I sent him a couple of dozen."

"Fine birds they were, too. Now where did you get them from?"

To my surprise the question provoked a burst of anger from the salesman.

"Now, then, mister," said he, with his head cocked and his arms akimbo, "what are you driving at? Let’s have it straight, now."

"It is straight enough. I should like to know who sold you the geese which you supplied to the Alpha."

supplied - fourni; fournir, approvisionner

"Well then, I shan’t tell you. So now!"

shan - Shan

"Oh, it is a matter of no importance; but I don’t know why you should be so warm over such a trifle."

"Warm! You’d be as warm, maybe, if you were as pestered as I am. When I pay good money for a good article there should be an end of the business; but it’s ‘Where are the geese?’ and ‘Who did you sell the geese to?’ and ‘What will you take for the geese?’ One would think they were the only geese in the world, to hear the fuss that is made over them."

"Well, I have no connection with any other people who have been making inquiries," said Holmes carelessly. "If you won’t tell us the bet is off, that is all. But I’m always ready to back my opinion on a matter of fowls, and I have a fiver on it that the bird I ate is country bred."

bet - parier; paria, pariai, pari, parié, parions, pariez

fowls - volailles; volaille, oiseau de basse-cour

bred - élevé; (breed); se reproduire, engendrer, élever, race

"Well, then, you’ve lost your fiver, for it’s town bred," snapped the salesman.

snapped - cassé; claquer, claquement de doigts, photographie, photo

"It’s nothing of the kind."

"I say it is."

"I don’t believe it."

"D’you think you know more about fowls than I, who have handled them ever since I was a nipper? I tell you, all those birds that went to the Alpha were town bred."

handled - manipulé; anse, poignée, manche

"You’ll never persuade me to believe that."

persuade - persuader, convaincre

"Will you bet, then?"

"It’s merely taking your money, for I know that I am right. But I’ll have a sovereign on with you, just to teach you not to be obstinate."

The salesman chuckled grimly. "Bring me the books, Bill," said he.

grimly - sinistre

The small boy brought round a small thin volume and a great greasy-backed one, laying them out together beneath the hanging lamp.

hanging lamp - Une lampe suspendue

"now then, Mr. Cocksure," said the salesman, "I thought that I was out of geese, but before I finish you’ll find that there is still one left in my shop. You see this little book?"

now then - maintenant alors


"That’s the list of the folk from whom I buy. D’you see? Well, then, here on this page are the country folk, and the numbers after their names are where their accounts are in the big ledger. Now, then! You see this other page in red ink? Well, that is a list of my town suppliers. Now, look at that third name. Just read it out to me."

suppliers - fournisseurs; fournisseur, fournisseuse

"Mrs. Oakshott, 117, Brixton Road-249," read Holmes.

"Quite so. Now turn that up in the ledger."

Holmes turned to the page indicated. "Here you are, ‘Mrs. Oakshott, 117, Brixton Road, egg and poultry supplier.’ "

poultry - de la volaille; ; volaille, volailles, basse-cour

supplier - fournisseur, fournisseuse; (supply); fournisseur, fournisseuse

"Now, then, what’s the last entry?"

entry - entrée, acces, vestibule, article

" ‘December 22nd. Twenty-four geese at 7s. 6d.’ "

"Quite so. There you are. And underneath?"

underneath - dessous, en dessous, du dessous, d'en dessous

" ‘Sold to Mr. Windigate of the Alpha, at 12s.’ "

"What have you to say now?"

Sherlock Holmes looked deeply chagrined. He drew a sovereign from his pocket and threw it down upon the slab, turning away with the air of a man whose disgust is too deep for words. A few yards off he stopped under a lamp-post and laughed in the hearty, noiseless fashion which was peculiar to him.

chagrined - chagriné; chagrin, chagrin

slab - dalle; bloc, pavé

noiseless - sans bruit; ; silencieux

"When you see a man with whiskers of that cut and the ‘Pink ’un’ protruding out of his pocket, you can always draw him by a bet," said he. "I daresay that if I had put L100 down in front of him, that man would not have given me such complete information as was drawn from him by the idea that he was doing me on a wager.

un - un; ; ONU

daresay - oserait-on dire

wager - pari; parier

Well, Watson, we are, I fancy, nearing the end of our quest, and the only point which remains to be determined is whether we should go on to this Mrs. Oakshott to-night, or whether we should reserve it for to-morrow. It is clear from what that surly fellow said that there are others besides ourselves who are anxious about the matter, and I should-"

surly - hargneux; ; grognon, grincheux, impoli, menaçant, rude

His remarks were suddenly cut short by a loud hubbub which broke out from the stall which we had just left. turning round we saw a little rat-faced fellow standing in the centre of the circle of yellow light which was thrown by the swinging lamp, while Breckinridge, the salesman, framed in the door of his stall, was shaking his fists fiercely at the cringing figure.

cut short - coupé court

hubbub - brouhaha, tohu-bohu

turning round - faire demi-tour

framed - encadré; encadrer, encadrer, cadre, armature, ossature

fiercely - férocement; ; âprement, farouchement

cringing - se froisser; (cringe); grincer des dents, gener

"I’ve had enough of you and your geese," he shouted. "I wish you were all at the devil together. If you come pestering me any more with your silly talk I’ll set the dog at you. You bring Mrs. Oakshott here and I’ll answer her, but what have you to do with it? Did I buy the geese off you?"

silly - stupide; ; sot, insensé, idiot, bete

"No; but one of them was mine all the same," whined the little man.

whined - pleurniché; pleurnicherie, geignement, couiner, pleurnicher

"Well, then, ask Mrs. Oakshott for it."

"She told me to ask you."

"Well, you can ask the King of Proosia, for all I care. I’ve had enough of it. Get out of this!" He rushed fiercely forward, and the inquirer flitted away into the darkness.

inquirer - enqueteur

flitted - flotté; voltiger, voleter, papillonner, virevolter

"Ha! this may save us a visit to Brixton Road," whispered Holmes. "Come with me, and we will see what is to be made of this fellow." Striding through the scattered knots of people who lounged round the flaring stalls, my companion speedily overtook the little man and touched him upon the shoulder. He sprang round, and I could see in the gas-light that every vestige of colour had been driven from his face.

striding - a grandes enjambées; marcher a grands pas

knots - nouds; noeud

flaring - torche; fusée lumineuse, feu de Bengale, feu de bengale

speedily - rapidement

overtook - dépasser; dépasser, doubler, surprendre

gas-light - (gas-light) Une lampe a gaz

vestige - vestige

"Who are you, then? What do you want?" he asked in a quavering voice.

quavering - des vacillements; (quaver); croche

"You will excuse me," said Holmes blandly, "but I could not help overhearing the questions which you put to the salesman just now. I think that I could be of assistance to you."

"You? Who are you? How could you know anything of the matter?"

"My name is Sherlock Holmes. It is my business to know what other people don’t know."

"But you can know nothing of this?"

"Excuse me, I know everything of it. You are endeavouring to trace some geese which were sold by Mrs. Oakshott, of Brixton Road, to a salesman named Breckinridge, by him in turn to Mr. Windigate, of the Alpha, and by him to his club, of which Mr. Henry Baker is a member."

"Oh, sir, you are the very man whom I have longed to meet," cried the little fellow with outstretched hands and quivering fingers. "I can hardly explain to you how interested I am in this matter."

quivering - tremblant; frémir

Sherlock Holmes hailed a four-wheeler which was passing. "In that case we had better discuss it in a cosy room rather than in this wind-swept market-place," said he. "But pray tell me, before we go farther, who it is that I have the pleasure of assisting."

hailed - salué; grele

cosy - douillet, douillette, peinard

swept - balayé; balayer, balayer, balayage

The man hesitated for an instant. "My name is John Robinson," he answered with a sidelong glance.

sidelong - de côté

"No, no; the real name," said Holmes sweetly. "It is always awkward doing business with an alias."

sweetly - avec douceur; ; doucement

alias - alias, pseudonyme

A flush sprang to the white cheeks of the stranger. "Well then," said he, "my real name is James Ryder."

"Precisely so. Head attendant at the Hotel Cosmopolitan. Pray step into the cab, and I shall soon be able to tell you everything which you would wish to know."

"Here we are!" said Holmes cheerily as we filed into the room. "The fire looks very seasonable in this weather. You look cold, Mr. Ryder. Pray take the basket-chair. I will just put on my slippers before we settle this little matter of yours. Now, then! You want to know what became of those geese?"

cheerily - heureuse

filed - classée; file

seasonable - saisonnieres

slippers - des pantoufles; chausson, pantoufle

"Yes, sir."

"Or rather, I fancy, of that goose. It was one bird, I imagine in which you were interested-white, with a black bar across the tail."

Ryder quivered with emotion. "Oh, sir," he cried, "can you tell me where it went to?"

quivered - a tremblé; frémir

"It came here."


"Yes, and a most remarkable bird it proved. I don’t wonder that you should take an interest in it. It laid an egg after it was dead-the bonniest, brightest little blue egg that ever was seen. I have it here in my museum."

Our visitor staggered to his feet and clutched the mantelpiece with his right hand. Holmes unlocked his strong-box and held up the blue carbuncle, which shone out like a star, with a cold, brilliant, many-pointed radiance. Ryder stood glaring with a drawn face, uncertain whether to claim or to disown it.

unlocked - déverrouillé; déverrouiller, déverrouiller, débloquer

glaring - éblouissant; éclat, éclat

disown - renier

"The game’s up, Ryder," said Holmes quietly. "Hold up, man, or you’ll be into the fire! Give him an arm back into his chair, Watson. He’s not got blood enough to go in for felony with impunity. Give him a dash of brandy. So! Now he looks a little more human. What a shrimp it is, to be sure!"

be into - etre dans

felony - félonie; ; crime

Dash - dash; ; tiret, trait, ta, sprint, soupçon, se précipiter

more human - plus humain

shrimp - crevettes; ; crevette

For a moment he had staggered and nearly fallen, but the brandy brought a tinge of colour into his cheeks, and he sat staring with frightened eyes at his accuser.

tinge - teinte, touche, nuance, teindre

accuser - accusateur, accusatrice

"I have almost every link in my hands, and all the proofs which I could possibly need, so there is little which you need tell me. Still, that little may as well be cleared up to make the case complete. You had heard, Ryder, of this blue stone of the Countess of Morcar’s?"

proofs - preuves; preuve, preuve, épreuve, preuve

"It was Catherine Cusack who told me of it," said he in a crackling voice.

"I see-her ladyship’s waiting-maid. Well, the temptation of sudden wealth so easily acquired was too much for you, as it has been for better men before you; but you were not very scrupulous in the means you used. It seems to me, Ryder, that there is the making of a very pretty villain in you. You knew that this man Horner, the plumber, had been concerned in some such matter before, and that suspicion would rest the more readily upon him. What did you do, then?

ladyship - Madame

wealth - la richesse; ; richesse, profusion, abondance, checkfortune

acquired - acquis; acquérir, acquérir, acquérir

scrupulous - scrupuleux

villain - scélérat, méchant, vilain, paysan

You made some small job in my lady’s room-you and your confederate Cusack-and you managed that he should be the man sent for. Then, when he had left, you rifled the jewel-case, raised the alarm, and had this unfortunate man arrested. You then-"

Ryder threw himself down suddenly upon the rug and clutched at my companion’s knees. "For God’s sake, have mercy!" he shrieked. "Think of my father! Of my mother! It would break their hearts. I never went wrong before! I never will again. I swear it. I’ll swear it on a Bible. Oh, don’t bring it into court! For Christ’s sake, don’t!"

Bible - la bible; ; Bible

Christ - le christ; Christ, Messie, Christ, Christ, bon Dieu de merde

"Get back into your chair!" said Holmes sternly. "It is very well to cringe and crawl now, but you thought little enough of this poor Horner in the dock for a crime of which he knew nothing."

sternly - séverement

cringe - se froisser; ; grincer des dents, gener, se faire tout petit

crawl - ramper; ramper

"I will fly, Mr. Holmes. I will leave the country, sir. Then the charge against him will break down."

"Hum! We will talk about that. And now let us hear a true account of the next act. How came the stone into the goose, and how came the goose into the open market? Tell us the truth, for there lies your only hope of safety."

Ryder passed his tongue over his parched lips. "I will tell you it just as it happened, sir," said he. "When Horner had been arrested, it seemed to me that it would be best for me to get away with the stone at once, for I did not know at what moment the police might not take it into their heads to search me and my room. There was no place about the hotel where it would be safe. I went out, as if on some commission, and I made for my sister’s house. She had married a man named Oakshott, and lived in Brixton Road, where she fattened fowls for the market.

parched - desséché; assoiffer

commission - commission, commission d'agent immobilier, courtage, charger

fattened - engraissé; engraisser, grossir

All the way there every man I met seemed to me to be a policeman or a detective; and, for all that it was a cold night, the sweat was pouring down my face before I came to the Brixton Road. My sister asked me what was the matter, and why I was so pale; but I told her that I had been upset by the jewel robbery at the hotel. Then I went into the back yard and smoked a pipe and wondered what it would be best to do.

sweat - de la sueur; transpirer, suer, transpiration

pouring - versant; (pour) versant

upset - fâché, dérangé, perturbé, bouleversé, remué, énerver

wondered - s'est demandé; merveille, étonner

"I had a friend once called Maudsley, who went to the bad, and has just been serving his time in Pentonville. One day he had met me, and fell into talk about the ways of thieves, and how they could get rid of what they stole. I knew that he would be true to me, for I knew one or two things about him; so I made up my mind to go right on to Kilburn, where he lived, and take him into my confidence. He would show me how to turn the stone into money.

But how to get to him in safety? I thought of the agonies I had gone through in coming from the hotel. I might at any moment be seized and searched, and there would be the stone in my waistcoat pocket. I was leaning against the wall at the time and looking at the geese which were waddling about round my feet, and suddenly an idea came into my head which showed me how I could beat the best detective that ever lived.

agonies - agonies; agonie, angoisse, agonie, agonie

waddling - se dandiner; se dandiner

"My sister had told me some weeks before that I might have the pick of her geese for a Christmas present, and I knew that she was always as good as her word. I would take my goose now, and in it I would carry my stone to Kilburn. There was a little shed in the yard, and behind this I drove one of the birds-a fine big one, white, with a barred tail. I caught it, and prying its bill open, I thrust the stone down its throat as far as my finger could reach.

Christmas present - Un cadeau de Noël

shed - hangar; hangar, verser, stand, kiosque, échoppe

prying - indiscret; (pry) indiscret

The bird gave a gulp, and I felt the stone pass along its gullet and down into its crop. But the creature flapped and struggled, and out came my sister to know what was the matter. As I turned to speak to her the brute broke loose and fluttered off among the others.

gulp - gulp; ; gorgée, trait

gullet - goulot; ; osophage, gosier

brute - brute; bete, brutal

" ‘Whatever were you doing with that bird, Jem?’ says she.

" ‘Well,’ said I, ‘you said you’d give me one for Christmas, and I was feeling which was the fattest.’

" ‘Oh,’ says she, ‘we’ve set yours aside for you-Jem’s bird, we call it. It’s the big white one over yonder. There’s twenty-six of them, which makes one for you, and one for us, and two dozen for the market.’

yonder - la-bas; ; la-bas

" ‘Thank you, Maggie,’ says I; ‘but if it is all the same to you, I’d rather have that one I was handling just now.’

handling - maniement, manipulation, maniant

" ‘The other is a good three pound heavier,’ said she, ‘and we fattened it expressly for you.’

" ‘Never mind. I’ll have the other, and I’ll take it now,’ said I.

" ‘Oh, just as you like,’ said she, a little huffed. ‘Which is it you want, then?’

" ‘That white one with the barred tail, right in the middle of the flock.’

flock - troupeau; troupeau

" ‘Oh, very well. Kill it and take it with you.’

"Well, I did what she said, Mr. Holmes, and I carried the bird all the way to Kilburn. I told my pal what I had done, for he was a man that it was easy to tell a thing like that to. He laughed until he choked, and we got a knife and opened the goose.

My heart turned to water, for there was no sign of the stone, and I knew that some terrible mistake had occurred. I left the bird, rushed back to my sister’s, and hurried into the back yard. There was not a bird to be seen there.

" ‘Where are they all, Maggie?’ I cried.

" ‘Gone to the dealer’s, Jem.’

" ‘Which dealer’s?’

" ‘Breckinridge, of Covent Garden.’

" ‘But was there another with a barred tail?’ I asked, ‘the same as the one I chose?’

" ‘Yes, Jem; there were two barred-tailed ones, and I could never tell them apart.’

tailed - a queue; queue

"Well, then, of course I saw it all, and I ran off as hard as my feet would carry me to this man Breckinridge; but he had sold the lot at once, and not one word would he tell me as to where they had gone. You heard him yourselves to-night. Well, he has always answered me like that. My sister thinks that I am going mad.

going mad - devenir fou

Sometimes I think that I am myself. And now-and now I am myself a branded thief, without ever having touched the wealth for which I sold my character. God help me! God help me!" He burst into convulsive sobbing, with his face buried in his hands.

branded - de marque; tison, marque, marque, marque, style, flétrir

convulsive - convulsif

sobbing - sanglots; ; sanglotement, sanglotant, sanglotante; (sob); fdp

There was a long silence, broken only by his heavy breathing and by the measured tapping of Sherlock Holmes’ finger-tips upon the edge of the table. Then my friend rose and threw open the door.

"Get out!" said he.

"What, sir! Oh, Heaven bless you!"

Heaven - le paradis; ; ciel, paradis, au-dela, cieux

"No more words. Get out!"

And no more words were needed. There was a rush, a clatter upon the stairs, the bang of a door, and the crisp rattle of running footfalls from the street.

crisp - net, croustillant, croquant

"After all, Watson," said Holmes, reaching up his hand for his clay pipe, "I am not retained by the police to supply their deficiencies. If Horner were in danger it would be another thing; but this fellow will not appear against him, and the case must collapse. I suppose that I am commuting a felony, but it is just possible that I am saving a soul. This fellow will not go wrong again; he is too terribly frightened.

deficiencies - déficiences; déficience, déficience, carence

collapse - l'effondrement; ; s'effondrer, effondrement

commuting - faire la navette (entre)

Send him to gaol now, and you make him a gaol-bird for life. Besides, it is the season of forgiveness. Chance has put in our way a most singular and whimsical problem, and its solution is its own reward. If you will have the goodness to touch the bell, Doctor, we will begin another investigation, in which, also a bird will be the chief feature."

forgiveness - le pardon; ; pardon

chief - chef


On glancing over my notes of the seventy odd cases in which I have during the last eight years studied the methods of my friend Sherlock Holmes, I find many tragic, some comic, a large number merely strange, but none commonplace; for, working as he did rather for the love of his art than for the acquirement of wealth, he refused to associate himself with any investigation which did not tend towards the unusual, and even the fantastic. Of all these varied cases, however, I cannot recall any which presented more singular features than that which was associated with the well-known Surrey family of the Roylotts of Stoke Moran.

tragic - tragique

comic - comique, cocasse, comédien, bande dessinée, BD

acquirement - l'acquisition

tend - tendent; garder

Stoke - stoke; chauffer

The events in question occurred in the early days of my association with Holmes, when we were sharing rooms as bachelors in Baker Street. It is possible that I might have placed them upon record before, but a promise of secrecy was made at the time, from which I have only been freed during the last month by the untimely death of the lady to whom the pledge was given. It is perhaps as well that the facts should now come to light, for I have reasons to know that there are widespread rumours as to the death of Dr. Grimesby Roylott which tend to make the matter even more terrible than the truth.

Association - association

bachelors - bacheliers; célibataire, licence

untimely - inopportun; ; intempestif, vert

pledge - engagement; ; promettre, mettre en gage, serment, gage

rumours - rumeurs; rumeur

more terrible - plus terrible

It was early in April in the year ’83 that I woke one morning to find Sherlock Holmes standing, fully dressed, by the side of my bed. He was a late riser, as a rule, and as the clock on the mantelpiece showed me that it was only a quarter-past seven, I blinked up at him in some surprise, and perhaps just a little resentment, for I was myself regular in my habits.

riser - l'élévateur; ; élévateur, praticable, contremarche

blinked - clignoté; ciller, cligner des yeux, clignoter

resentment - le ressentiment; ; ressentiment, agacement, rancune

"Very sorry to knock you up, Watson," said he, "but it’s the common lot this morning. Mrs. Hudson has been knocked up, she retorted upon me, and I on you."

knocked up - en cloque

retorted - a rétorqué; rétorquer

"What is it, then-a fire?"

"No; a client. It seems that a young lady has arrived in a considerable state of excitement, who insists upon seeing me. She is waiting now in the sitting-room. Now, when young ladies wander about the metropolis at this hour of the morning, and knock sleepy people up out of their beds, I presume that it is something very pressing which they have to communicate.

insists - insiste; insister

wander about - errer

Should it prove to be an interesting case, you would, I am sure, wish to follow it from the outset. I thought, at any rate, that I should call you and give you the chance."

outset - départ; début

"My dear fellow, I would not miss it for anything."

I had no keener pleasure than in following Holmes in his professional investigations, and in admiring the rapid deductions, as swift as intuitions, and yet always founded on a logical basis with which he unravelled the problems which were submitted to him.

keener - plus fort; (keen) plus fort

admiring - admiratif; admirer

rapid - rapide, rapides

intuitions - des intuitions; intuition, intuition

basis - base

unravelled - démelé; dénouer, démeler, résoudre

I rapidly threw on my clothes and was ready in a few minutes to accompany my friend down to the sitting-room. A lady dressed in black and heavily veiled, who had been sitting in the window, rose as we entered.

accompany - accompagner

veiled - voilée; voile, voile, voiler, voiler

"Good-morning, madam," said Holmes cheerily. "My name is Sherlock Holmes. This is my intimate friend and associate, Dr. Watson, before whom you can speak as freely as before myself. Ha! I am glad to see that Mrs. Hudson has had the good sense to light the fire. Pray draw up to it, and I shall order you a cup of hot coffee, for I observe that you are shivering."

intimate - intime; ; intime

draw up - rédiger

shivering - des frissons; (shiver) des frissons

"It is not cold which makes me shiver," said the woman in a low voice, changing her seat as requested.

shiver - frisson; trembler, frissonner

as requested - comme demandé

"What, then?"

"It is fear, Mr. Holmes. It is terror." She raised her veil as she spoke, and we could see that she was indeed in a pitiable state of agitation, her face all drawn and grey, with restless frightened eyes, like those of some hunted animal.

restless - inquiet, agité, checkimpatient

hunted - chassé; chasser, chercher, chasse

Her features and figure were those of a woman of thirty, but her hair was shot with premature grey, and her expression was weary and haggard. Sherlock Holmes ran her over with one of his quick, all-comprehensive glances.

premature - prématurée; ; prématuré

comprehensive - complet, exhaustif

"You must not fear," said he soothingly, bending forward and patting her forearm. "We shall soon set matters right, I have no doubt. You have come in by train this morning, I see."

patting - la caresse; petite tape

forearm - l'avant-bras; ; avant-bras

"You know me, then?"

"No, but I observe the second half of a return ticket in the palm of your left glove. You must have started early, and yet you had a good drive in a dog-cart, along heavy roads, before you reached the station."

return ticket - billet de retour

The lady gave a violent start and stared in bewilderment at my companion.

"There is no mystery, my dear madam," said he, smiling. "The left arm of your jacket is spattered with mud in no less than seven places. The marks are perfectly fresh. There is no vehicle save a dog-cart which throws up mud in that way, and then only when you sit on the left-hand side of the driver."

spattered - éclaboussé; asperger

"Whatever your reasons may be, you are perfectly correct," said she. "I started from home before six, reached Leatherhead at twenty past, and came in by the first train to Waterloo. Sir, I can stand this strain no longer; I shall go mad if it continues. I have no one to turn to-none, save only one, who cares for me, and he, poor fellow, can be of little aid. I have heard of you, Mr. Holmes; I have heard of you from Mrs. Farintosh, whom you helped in the hour of her sore need.

strain - souche; accablement

go mad - devenir fou

sore - douloureux; ulcere

It was from her that I had your address. Oh, sir, do you not think that you could help me, too, and at least throw a little light through the dense darkness which surrounds me? At present it is out of my power to reward you for your services, but in a month or six weeks I shall be married, with the control of my own income, and then at least you shall not find me ungrateful."

surrounds - les environs; entourer, enceindre

Holmes turned to his desk and, unlocking it, drew out a small case-book, which he consulted.

consulted - consultée; concerter

"Farintosh," said he. "Ah yes, I recall the case; it was concerned with an opal tiara. I think it was before your time, Watson. I can only say, madam, that I shall be happy to devote the same care to your case as I did to that of your friend. As to reward, my profession is its own reward; but you are at liberty to defray whatever expenses I may be put to, at the time which suits you best. And now I beg that you will lay before us everything that may help us in forming an opinion upon the matter.

opal - opale

tiara - diademe; ; tiare

devote - dévote; ; consacrer, vouer

defray - défrayer

"Alas!" replied our visitor, "the very horror of my situation lies in the fact that my fears are so vague, and my suspicions depend so entirely upon small points, which might seem trivial to another, that even he to whom of all others I have a right to look for help and advice looks upon all that I tell him about it as the fancies of a nervous woman.

He does not say so, but I can read it from his soothing answers and averted eyes. But I have heard, Mr. Holmes, that you can see deeply into the manifold wickedness of the human heart. You may advise me how to walk amid the dangers which encompass me."

soothing - apaisant, pacifiant, rassurant; (sooth); apaisant, pacifiant

averted - évitée; prévenir

manifold - copie

wickedness - méchanceté, perversité, iniquité, mauvaise action

encompass - encercler, entourer, englober, inclure, comprendre, renfermer

"I am all attention, madam."

"My name is Helen Stoner, and I am living with my stepfather, who is the last survivor of one of the oldest Saxon families in England, the Roylotts of Stoke Moran, on the western border of Surrey."

Helen - helen; Hélene, Hélene

survivor - survivant, survivante, rescapé, rescapée

Saxon - saxon; Saxon, Saxonne, saxon

Western - occidentale; ; occidental, western

Holmes nodded his head. "The name is familiar to me," said he.

"The family was at one time among the richest in England, and the estates extended over the borders into Berkshire in the north, and Hampshire in the west. In the last century, however, four successive heirs were of a dissolute and wasteful disposition, and the family ruin was eventually completed by a gambler in the days of the Regency. Nothing was left save a few acres of ground, and the two-hundred-year-old house, which is itself crushed under a heavy mortgage. The last squire dragged out his existence there, living the horrible life of an aristocratic pauper; but his only son, my stepfather, seeing that he must adapt himself to the new conditions, obtained an advance from a relative, which enabled him to take a medical degree and went out to Calcutta, where, by his professional skill and his force of character, he established a large practice.

estates - les successions; patrimoine, noblesse, proprieté, , biens-p

borders - frontieres; frontiere, bord, bordure, bordure, délimiter, border

Hampshire - hampshire; Hampshire

heirs - héritiers; héritier, héritiere, successeur, successeuse

dissolute - dissolue; dissolu

wasteful - le gaspillage

gambler - joueur, parieur

Regency - regency; ; régence

acres - acres; acre

mortgage - l'hypotheque; ; hypotheque, hypothéquer

squire - chaperonner

aristocratic - aristocratique

pauper - pauvre, indigent

adapt - adapter, s'adapter, adapté

obtained - obtenu; obtenir, se procurer, réussir, avoir succes, avoir

advance - élever, avancer, avancée, progression, avance, souscription

relative - relative; ; relatif, parent, géniteur, génitrice

enabled - activée; autoriser, permettre, permettre, activer

Calcutta - calcutta; Calcutta, Kolkata

In a fit of anger, however, caused by some robberies which had been perpetrated in the house, he beat his native butler to death and narrowly escaped a capital sentence. As it was, he suffered a long term of imprisonment and afterwards returned to England a morose and disappointed man.

perpetrated - perpétrés; perpétrer, commettre

butler - sommelier, majordome

term of imprisonment - durée de l'emprisonnement

morose - morose; ; sombre

disappointed - déçue; décevoir, désappointer

"When Dr. Roylott was in India he married my mother, Mrs. Stoner, the young widow of Major-General Stoner, of the Bengal Artillery. My sister Julia and I were twins, and we were only two years old at the time of my mother’s re-marriage. She had a considerable sum of money-not less than L1000 a year-and this she bequeathed to Dr. Roylott entirely while we resided with him, with a provision that a certain annual sum should be allowed to each of us in the event of our marriage.

widow - veuve

Bengal - Bengale

Artillery - l'artillerie; ; artillerie

bequeathed - légué; léguer, transmettre, transmettre, passer, donner, offrir

resided - a résidé; habiter, résider, demeurer, résider

provision - disposition; ; provision, provisionner

annual - annuelle; ; annuel

Shortly after our return to England my mother died-she was killed eight years ago in a railway accident near Crewe. Dr. Roylott then abandoned his attempts to establish himself in practice in London and took us to live with him in the old ancestral house at Stoke Moran. The money which my mother had left was enough for all our wants, and there seemed to be no obstacle to our happiness.

railway accident - accident ferroviaire

ancestral - ancestral

obstacle - obstacle

"But a terrible change came over our stepfather about this time.

Instead of making friends and exchanging visits with our neighbours, who had at first been overjoyed to see a Roylott of Stoke Moran back in the old family seat, he shut himself up in his house and seldom came out save to indulge in ferocious quarrels with whoever might cross his path. Violence of temper approaching to mania has been hereditary in the men of the family, and in my stepfather’s case it had, I believe, been intensified by his long residence in the tropics. A series of disgraceful brawls took place, two of which ended in the police-court, until at last he became the terror of the village, and the folks would fly at his approach, for he is a man of immense strength, and absolutely uncontrollable in his anger.

making friends - se faire des amis

exchanging - échanger; (é)changer

indulge in - se faire plaisir

ferocious - féroce

temper - caractere, tempérament, humeur, état d'esprit, recuit

approaching - en approche; (s'')approcher (de)

mania - la manie; ; manie

intensified - intensifiée; intensifier, intensifier, s'intensifier

tropics - tropiques; tropique

disgraceful - honteux

brawls - des bagarres; bagarre

folks - des gens; populaire, peuple

"Last week he hurled the local blacksmith over a parapet into a stream, and it was only by paying over all the money which I could gather together that I was able to avert another public exposure.

blacksmith - forgeron, forgeronne, sidérurgiste, maréchal-ferrant

parapet - parapet

avert - éviter; ; prévenir

He had no friends at all save the wandering gipsies, and he would give these vagabonds leave to encamp upon the few acres of bramble-covered land which represent the family estate, and would accept in return the hospitality of their tents, wandering away with them sometimes for weeks on end. He has a passion also for Indian animals, which are sent over to him by a correspondent, and he has at this moment a cheetah and a baboon, which wander freely over his grounds and are feared by the villagers almost as much as their master.

wandering - l'errance; ; errement, errance, divagation; (wander); errer

vagabonds - vagabonds; vagabond, vagabonde, vagabond, vagabonde

encamp - camper

bramble - ronce

hospitality - l'hospitalité; ; hospitalité, hôtellerie-restauration

tents - tentes; tente

correspondent - correspondant, correspondante

cheetah - guépard

baboon - babouin

villagers - villageois; villageois, villageoise

"You can imagine from what I say that my poor sister Julia and I had no great pleasure in our lives. No servant would stay with us, and for a long time we did all the work of the house. She was but thirty at the time of her death, and yet her hair had already begun to whiten, even as mine has."

whiten - blanchir

"Your sister is dead, then?"

"She died just two years ago, and it is of her death that I wish to speak to you. You can understand that, living the life which I have described, we were little likely to see anyone of our own age and position. We had, however, an aunt, my mother’s maiden sister, Miss Honoria Westphail, who lives near Harrow, and we were occasionally allowed to pay short visits at this lady’s house.

Harrow - herser, herse

Julia went there at Christmas two years ago, and met there a half-pay major of marines, to whom she became engaged. My stepfather learned of the engagement when my sister returned and offered no objection to the marriage; but within a fortnight of the day which had been fixed for the wedding, the terrible event occurred which has deprived me of my only companion."

marines - marines; marin, maritime, marinier

became engaged - se sont fiancés

deprived - privés; priver

Sherlock Holmes had been leaning back in his chair with his eyes closed and his head sunk in a cushion, but he half opened his lids now and glanced across at his visitor.

cushion - coussin, amortir

"Pray be precise as to details," said he.

"It is easy for me to be so, for every event of that dreadful time is seared into my memory. The manor-house is, as I have already said, very old, and only one wing is now inhabited. The bedrooms in this wing are on the ground floor, the sitting-rooms being in the central block of the buildings.

Manor - manoir, maison-forte, seigneurie

Wing - aile, ailier, improviser

inhabited - habité; habiter

sitting-rooms - (sitting-rooms) des salles de séjour

central - central

Of these bedrooms the first is Dr. Roylott’s, the second my sister’s, and the third my own. There is no communication between them, but they all open out into the same corridor. Do I make myself plain?"

"Perfectly so."

"The windows of the three rooms open out upon the lawn. That fatal night Dr. Roylott had gone to his room early, though we knew that he had not retired to rest, for my sister was troubled by the smell of the strong Indian cigars which it was his custom to smoke.

She left her room, therefore, and came into mine, where she sat for some time, chatting about her approaching wedding. At eleven o’clock she rose to leave me, but she paused at the door and looked back.

" ‘Tell me, Helen,’ said she, ‘have you ever heard anyone whistle in the dead of the night?’

" ‘Never,’ said I.

" ‘I suppose that you could not possibly whistle, yourself, in your sleep?’

" ‘Certainly not. But why?’

" ‘Because during the last few nights I have always, about three in the morning, heard a low, clear whistle. I am a light sleeper, and it has awakened me. I cannot tell where it came from-perhaps from the next room, perhaps from the lawn. I thought that I would just ask you whether you had heard it.’

awakened - éveillé; réveiller, se réveiller

" ‘No, I have not. It must be those wretched gipsies in the plantation.’

wretched - misérable

" ‘Very likely. And yet if it were on the lawn, I wonder that you did not hear it also.’

" ‘Ah, but I sleep more heavily than you.’

" ‘Well, it is of no great consequence, at any rate.’ She smiled back at me, closed my door, and a few moments later I heard her key turn in the lock."

consequence - conséquence

"Indeed," said Holmes. "Was it your custom always to lock yourselves in at night?"


"And why?"

"I think that I mentioned to you that the doctor kept a cheetah and a baboon. We had no feeling of security unless our doors were locked."

Security - la sécurité; ; sécurité, sécurisant, titre négociable

"Quite so. Pray proceed with your statement."

"I could not sleep that night. A vague feeling of impending misfortune impressed me. My sister and I, you will recollect, were twins, and you know how subtle are the links which bind two souls which are so closely allied. It was a wild night. The wind was howling outside, and the rain was beating and splashing against the windows. Suddenly, amid all the hubbub of the gale, there burst forth the wild scream of a terrified woman. I knew that it was my sister’s voice. I sprang from my bed, wrapped a shawl round me, and rushed into the corridor. As I opened my door I seemed to hear a low whistle, such as my sister described, and a few moments later a clanging sound, as if a mass of metal had fallen. As I ran down the passage, my sister’s door was unlocked, and revolved slowly upon its hinges. I stared at it horror-stricken, not knowing what was about to issue from it. By the light of the corridor-lamp I saw my sister appear at the opening, her face blanched with terror, her hands groping for help, her whole figure swaying to and fro like that of a drunkard.

bind - lier, attacher, nouer, connecter, coupler

souls - âmes; âme

allied - alliés; s''allier (a, avec)

howling - hurler; (howl); hurlement, hurler

splashing - éclaboussures; (splash); plouf, bruit, éclaboussure

forth - avant; en avant

shawl - châle

clanging - le cliquetis; (clang); rench: (''of crane'') glapissement g; (''of goose'') criaillement g

revolved - tourné; retourner, tourner, retourner, tourner

hinges - charnieres; gond, charniere, dépendre

issue from - de la question

swaying - se balancer; (sway); autorité, poids, influence, prépondérance

drunkard - ivrogne

I ran to her and threw my arms round her, but at that moment her knees seemed to give way and she fell to the ground. She writhed as one who is in terrible pain, and her limbs were dreadfully convulsed. At first I thought that she had not recognised me, but as I bent over her she suddenly shrieked out in a voice which I shall never forget, ‘Oh, my God! Helen! It was the band! The speckled band!’ There was something else which she would fain have said, and she stabbed with her finger into the air in the direction of the doctor’s room, but a fresh convulsion seized her and choked her words. I rushed out, calling loudly for my stepfather, and I met him hastening from his room in his dressing-gown. When he reached my sister’s side she was unconscious, and though he poured brandy down her throat and sent for medical aid from the village, all efforts were in vain, for she slowly sank and died without having recovered her consciousness. Such was the dreadful end of my beloved sister."

give way - céder le passage

writhed - s'est tordu; se débattre, se démener, se tortiller

dreadfully - terriblement

convulsed - convulsé; convulser

fain - fain

stabbed - poignardé; poignarder

convulsion - convulsion

hastening - se hâter; dépecher

unconscious - inconscient, subconscient

poured - versé; verser, se déverser

beloved - bien-aimé, chéri, amant, amante; (belove); bien-aimé, chéri

"One moment," said Holmes, "are you sure about this whistle and metallic sound? Could you swear to it?"

metallic - métallique, métalisé

"That was what the county coroner asked me at the inquiry. It is my strong impression that I heard it, and yet, among the crash of the gale and the creaking of an old house, I may possibly have been deceived."

crash - crash; fracas

creaking - grincement; craquement, craquer

"Was your sister dressed?"

"No, she was in her night-dress. In her right hand was found the charred stump of a match, and in her left a match-box."

charred - carbonisé; carboniser

"Showing that she had struck a light and looked about her when the alarm took place. That is important. And what conclusions did the coroner come to?"

"He investigated the case with great care, for Dr. Roylott’s conduct had long been notorious in the county, but he was unable to find any satisfactory cause of death. My evidence showed that the door had been fastened upon the inner side, and the windows were blocked by old-fashioned shutters with broad iron bars, which were secured every night.

investigated - a fait l'objet d'une enquete; étudier, enqueter, enqueter

notorious - notoire

satisfactory - satisfaisante; ; satisfaisant

fastened - fixé; attacher, fixer

blocked - bloqué; bloc

old-fashioned - (old-fashioned) vieux jeu

The walls were carefully sounded, and were shown to be quite solid all round, and the flooring was also thoroughly examined, with the same result. The chimney is wide, but is barred up by four large staples. It is certain, therefore, that my sister was quite alone when she met her end. Besides, there were no marks of any violence upon her."

staples - agrafes; produit/article de base

"How about poison?"

"The doctors examined her for it, but without success."

"What do you think that this unfortunate lady died of, then?"

"It is my belief that she died of pure fear and nervous shock, though what it was that frightened her I cannot imagine."

pure - pure; pur, pudique

"Were there gipsies in the plantation at the time?"

"Yes, there are nearly always some there."

"Ah, and what did you gather from this allusion to a band-a speckled band?"

"Sometimes I have thought that it was merely the wild talk of delirium, sometimes that it may have referred to some band of people, perhaps to these very gipsies in the plantation. I do not know whether the spotted handkerchiefs which so many of them wear over their heads might have suggested the strange adjective which she used."

handkerchiefs - des mouchoirs; mouchoir

adjective - nom adjectif, adjectiver, adjectiviser, adjectivaliser

Holmes shook his head like a man who is far from being satisfied.

"These are very deep waters," said he; "pray go on with your narrative."

"Two years have passed since then, and my life has been until lately lonelier than ever. A month ago, however, a dear friend, whom I have known for many years, has done me the honour to ask my hand in marriage. His name is Armitage-Percy Armitage-the second son of Mr. Armitage, of Crane Water, near Reading. My stepfather has offered no opposition to the match, and we are to be married in the course of the spring. Two days ago some repairs were started in the west wing of the building, and my bedroom wall has been pierced, so that I have had to move into the chamber in which my sister died, and to sleep in the very bed in which she slept. Imagine, then, my thrill of terror when last night, as I lay awake, thinking over her terrible fate, I suddenly heard in the silence of the night the low whistle which had been the herald of her own death. I sprang up and lit the lamp, but nothing was to be seen in the room. I was too shaken to go to bed again, however, so I dressed, and as soon as it was daylight I slipped down, got a dog-cart at the Crown Inn, which is opposite, and drove to Leatherhead, from whence I have come on this morning with the one object of seeing you and asking your advice.

lonelier - plus solitaire; seul, désert, abandonné

Crane - la grue; grue

opposition - l'opposition; ; opposition

thrill - l'excitation; exciter

Herald - herald; hérault

sprang up - a surgi

"You have done wisely," said my friend. "But have you told me all?"

"Yes, all."

"Miss Roylott, you have not. You are screening your stepfather."

"Why, what do you mean?"

For answer Holmes pushed back the frill of black lace which fringed the hand that lay upon our visitor’s knee. Five little livid spots, the marks of four fingers and a thumb, were printed upon the white wrist.

frill - fioritures; friser

fringed - a franges; frange, périphérie, radicaux, périphérie

livid - livide, furieux

spots - taches; tache, bouton, peu, endroit, zone, détecter, trouver

"You have been cruelly used," said Holmes.

The lady coloured deeply and covered over her injured wrist. "He is a hard man," she said, "and perhaps he hardly knows his own strength."

There was a long silence, during which Holmes leaned his chin upon his hands and stared into the crackling fire.

"This is a very deep business," he said at last. "There are a thousand details which I should desire to know before I decide upon our course of action. Yet we have not a moment to lose. If we were to come to Stoke Moran to-day, would it be possible for us to see over these rooms without the knowledge of your stepfather?"

see over - voir plus

"As it happens, he spoke of coming into town to-day upon some most important business. It is probable that he will be away all day, and that there would be nothing to disturb you. We have a housekeeper now, but she is old and foolish, and I could easily get her out of the way."

housekeeper - femme de ménage; ; gouvernante, ménagere

"Excellent. You are not averse to this trip, Watson?"

"By no means."

"Then we shall both come. What are you going to do yourself?"

"I have one or two things which I would wish to do now that I am in town. But I shall return by the twelve o’clock train, so as to be there in time for your coming."

"And you may expect us early in the afternoon. I have myself some small business matters to attend to. Will you not wait and breakfast?"

"No, I must go. My heart is lightened already since I have confided my trouble to you. I shall look forward to seeing you again this afternoon." She dropped her thick black veil over her face and glided from the room.

glided - glissé; glisser, planer

"And what do you think of it all, Watson?" asked Sherlock Holmes, leaning back in his chair.

"It seems to me to be a most dark and sinister business."

"Dark enough and sinister enough."

"Yet if the lady is correct in saying that the flooring and walls are sound, and that the door, window, and chimney are impassable, then her sister must have been undoubtedly alone when she met her mysterious end."

impassable - impraticable

"What becomes, then, of these nocturnal whistles, and what of the very peculiar words of the dying woman?"

whistles - sifflets; sifflet, siffler, sifflet, sifflement, sifflements-p

"I cannot think."

"When you combine the ideas of whistles at night, the presence of a band of gipsies who are on intimate terms with this old doctor, the fact that we have every reason to believe that the doctor has an interest in preventing his stepdaughter’s marriage, the dying allusion to a band, and, finally, the fact that Miss Helen Stoner heard a metallic clang, which might have been caused by one of those metal bars that secured the shutters falling back into its place, I think that there is good ground to think that the mystery may be cleared along those lines.

combine - combiner

stepdaughter - belle-fille, fillâtre

falling back - en recul

"But what, then, did the gipsies do?"

"I cannot imagine."

"I see many objections to any such theory."

"And so do I. It is precisely for that reason that we are going to Stoke Moran this day. I want to see whether the objections are fatal, or if they may be explained away. But what in the name of the devil!"

The ejaculation had been drawn from my companion by the fact that our door had been suddenly dashed open, and that a huge man had framed himself in the aperture. His costume was a peculiar mixture of the professional and of the agricultural, having a black top-hat, a long frock-coat, and a pair of high gaiters, with a hunting-crop swinging in his hand. So tall was he that his hat actually brushed the cross bar of the doorway, and his breadth seemed to span it across from side to side.

agricultural - agricole

cross bar - barre transversale

doorway - l'embrasure de la porte; ; embrasure de la porte

span - l'étendue; empan

A large face, seared with a thousand wrinkles, burned yellow with the sun, and marked with every evil passion, was turned from one to the other of us, while his deep-set, bile-shot eyes, and his high, thin, fleshless nose, gave him somewhat the resemblance to a fierce old bird of prey.

bile - bile; bile, fiel

fleshless - sans chair

"Which of you is Holmes?" asked this apparition.

apparition - apparition

"My name, sir; but you have the advantage of me," said my companion quietly.

"I am Dr. Grimesby Roylott, of Stoke Moran."

"Indeed, Doctor," said Holmes blandly. "Pray take a seat."

"I will do nothing of the kind. My stepdaughter has been here. I have traced her. What has she been saying to you?"

"It is a little cold for the time of the year," said Holmes.

"What has she been saying to you?" screamed the old man furiously.

furiously - furieusement

"But I have heard that the crocuses promise well," continued my companion imperturbably.

Crocuses - crocus; crocus

imperturbably - imperturbablement

"Ha! You put me off, do you?" said our new visitor, taking a step forward and shaking his hunting-crop. "I know you, you scoundrel! I have heard of you before. You are Holmes, the meddler."

meddler - un médiateur; ; fouineur, fouineuse

My friend smiled.

"Holmes, the busybody!"

busybody - des personnes qui s'occupent de tout; ; fouineur, fouine

His smile broadened.

broadened - élargi; élargir, élargir

"Holmes, the Scotland Yard Jack-in-office!"

Holmes chuckled heartily. "Your conversation is most entertaining," said he. "When you go out close the door, for there is a decided draught."

"I will go when I have said my say. Don’t you dare to meddle with my affairs. I know that Miss Stoner has been here. I traced her! I am a dangerous man to fall foul of! See here." He stepped swiftly forward, seized the poker, and bent it into a curve with his huge brown hands.

meddle - s'immiscer; ; s'ingérer, se meler

fall foul of - a l'encontre de

poker - poker; tisonnier

"See that you keep yourself out of my grip," he snarled, and hurling the twisted poker into the fireplace he strode out of the room.

snarled - grogné; gronder (en montrant les dents)

"He seems a very amiable person," said Holmes, laughing. "I am not quite so bulky, but if he had remained I might have shown him that my grip was not much more feeble than his own." As he spoke he picked up the steel poker and, with a sudden effort, straightened it out again.

more feeble - plus faible

"Fancy his having the insolence to confound me with the official detective force! This incident gives zest to our investigation, however, and I only trust that our little friend will not suffer from her imprudence in allowing this brute to trace her. And now, Watson, we shall order breakfast, and afterwards I shall walk down to Doctors’ Commons, where I hope to get some data which may help us in this matter."

insolence - insolence

zest - entrain, zeste

It was nearly one o’clock when Sherlock Holmes returned from his excursion. He held in his hand a sheet of blue paper, scrawled over with notes and figures.

excursion - excursion, randonnée

"I have seen the will of the deceased wife," said he. "To determine its exact meaning I have been obliged to work out the present prices of the investments with which it is concerned. The total income, which at the time of the wife’s death was little short of L1100, is now, through the fall in agricultural prices, not more than L750. Each daughter can claim an income of L250, in case of marriage. It is evident, therefore, that if both girls had married, this beauty would have had a mere pittance, while even one of them would cripple him to a very serious extent. My morning’s work has not been wasted, since it has proved that he has the very strongest motives for standing in the way of anything of the sort.

investments - investissements; investissement

Total - total, somme, entier, tout, totaliser

agricultural prices - les prix agricoles

pittance - une somme dérisoire; ; pitance

wasted - gaspillé; gaspiller

And now, Watson, this is too serious for dawdling, especially as the old man is aware that we are interesting ourselves in his affairs; so if you are ready, we shall call a cab and drive to Waterloo. I should be very much obliged if you would slip your revolver into your pocket. An Eley’s No. 2 is an excellent argument with gentlemen who can twist steel pokers into knots. That and a tooth-brush are, I think, all that we need."

dawdling - la flânerie; (dawdle); flâner, lambiner, musarder

pokers - pokers; poker

At Waterloo we were fortunate in catching a train for Leatherhead, where we hired a trap at the station inn and drove for four or five miles through the lovely Surrey lanes. It was a perfect day, with a bright sun and a few fleecy clouds in the heavens. The trees and wayside hedges were just throwing out their first green shoots, and the air was full of the pleasant smell of the moist earth.

hired - embauché; louer

lanes - voies; chemin, qualifier

fleecy - molletonné

hedges - des haies; haie

shoots - des prises de vue; tirer

To me at least there was a strange contrast between the sweet promise of the spring and this sinister quest upon which we were engaged. My companion sat in the front of the trap, his arms folded, his hat pulled down over his eyes, and his chin sunk upon his breast, buried in the deepest thought. Suddenly, however, he started, tapped me on the shoulder, and pointed over the meadows.

pulled down - tiré vers le bas

tapped - taraudé; petit coup

"look there!" said he.

look there - regarde la

A heavily timbered park stretched up in a gentle slope, thickening into a grove at the highest point. From amid the branches there jutted out the grey gables and high roof-tree of a very old mansion.

timbered - boisé; bois de construction

slope - pente, inclinaison

thickening - épaississement, épaississant; (thicken); épaissir, lier

grove - bosquet

jutted - en saillie; saillir

gables - pignons; pignon

mansion - manoir, demeure

"Stoke Moran?" said he.

"Yes, sir, that be the house of Dr. Grimesby Roylott," remarked the driver.

"There is some building going on there," said Holmes; "that is where we are going."

"There’s the village," said the driver, pointing to a cluster of roofs some distance to the left; "but if you want to get to the house, you’ll find it shorter to get over this stile, and so by the foot-path over the fields. There it is, where the lady is walking."

cluster - cluster; ; groupe, grappe, régime, amas, rench: t-needed r

stile - stile; échalier

"And the lady, I fancy, is Miss Stoner," observed Holmes, shading his eyes. "Yes, I think we had better do as you suggest."

shading - ombrage; (shad); alose

We got off, paid our fare, and the trap rattled back on its way to Leatherhead.

"I thought it as well," said Holmes as we climbed the stile, "that this fellow should think we had come here as architects, or on some definite business. It may stop his gossip. Good-afternoon, Miss Stoner. You see that we have been as good as our word."

gossip - des ragots; ; commere, commérage, ragot, cancan

Our client of the morning had hurried forward to meet us with a face which spoke her joy. "I have been waiting so eagerly for you," she cried, shaking hands with us warmly. "All has turned out splendidly. Dr. Roylott has gone to town, and it is unlikely that he will be back before evening."

joy - joie; joie

splendidly - magnifiquement

"We have had the pleasure of making the doctor’s acquaintance," said Holmes, and in a few words he sketched out what had occurred. Miss Stoner turned white to the lips as she listened.

sketched - esquissé; croquer, esquisser, croquer, esquisse, ébauche

"Good heavens!" she cried, "he has followed me, then."

"So it appears."

"He is so cunning that I never know when I am safe from him. What will he say when he returns?"

"He must guard himself, for he may find that there is someone more cunning than himself upon his track. You must lock yourself up from him to-night. If he is violent, we shall take you away to your aunt’s at Harrow. Now, we must make the best use of our time, so kindly take us at once to the rooms which we are to examine."

more cunning - plus rusé

The building was of grey, lichen-blotched stone, with a high central portion and two curving wings, like the claws of a crab, thrown out on each side.

blotched - tacheté; tache

portion - part, portion

curving - en courbe; courbe, courbe, courbes, courber

wings - des ailes; aile, aile, aile, aile, aile, aile, ailier

Crab - le crabe; crabe

In one of these wings the windows were broken and blocked with wooden boards, while the roof was partly caved in, a picture of ruin. The central portion was in little better repair, but the right-hand block was comparatively modern, and the blinds in the windows, with the blue smoke curling up from the chimneys, showed that this was where the family resided. Some scaffolding had been erected against the end wall, and the stone-work had been broken into, but there were no signs of any workmen at the moment of our visit. Holmes walked slowly up and down the ill-trimmed lawn and examined with deep attention the outsides of the windows.

partly - en partie

caved - cédé; grotte

comparatively - comparativement

scaffolding - l'échafaudage; échafaud; (scaffold); échafaudage, échafaud

erected - érigé; droit, dressé

end wall - le mur du fond

workmen - des ouvriers; ouvrier

"This, I take it, belongs to the room in which you used to sleep, the centre one to your sister’s, and the one next to the main building to Dr. Roylott’s chamber?"

"Exactly so. But I am now sleeping in the middle one."

"Pending the alterations, as I understand. By the way, there does not seem to be any very pressing need for repairs at that end wall."

alterations - des modifications; altération, altérer, altération

"There were none. I believe that it was an excuse to move me from my room."

"Ah! that is suggestive. Now, on the other side of this narrow wing runs the corridor from which these three rooms open. There are windows in it, of course?"

"Yes, but very small ones. Too narrow for anyone to pass through."

"As you both locked your doors at night, your rooms were unapproachable from that side. Now, would you have the kindness to go into your room and bar your shutters?"

unapproachable - inaccessible

Miss Stoner did so, and Holmes, after a careful examination through the open window, endeavoured in every way to force the shutter open, but without success. There was no slit through which a knife could be passed to raise the bar. Then with his lens he tested the hinges, but they were of solid iron, built firmly into the massive masonry.

slit - fente, vulve

masonry - la maçonnerie; ; maçonnerie

"Hum!" said he, scratching his chin in some perplexity, "my theory certainly presents some difficulties. No one could pass these shutters if they were bolted. Well, we shall see if the inside throws any light upon the matter."

scratching - grattage; éraflant; (scratch); gratter, égratigner, piquer

perplexity - perplexité

bolted - boulonné; verrou

A small side door led into the whitewashed corridor from which the three bedrooms opened. Holmes refused to examine the third chamber, so we passed at once to the second, that in which Miss Stoner was now sleeping, and in which her sister had met with her fate. It was a homely little room, with a low ceiling and a gaping fireplace, after the fashion of old country-houses. A brown chest of drawers stood in one corner, a narrow white-counterpaned bed in another, and a dressing-table on the left-hand side of the window.

little room - petite piece

These articles, with two small wicker-work chairs, made up all the furniture in the room save for a square of Wilton carpet in the centre. The boards round and the panelling of the walls were of brown, worm-eaten oak, so old and discoloured that it may have dated from the original building of the house. Holmes drew one of the chairs into a corner and sat silent, while his eyes travelled round and round and up and down, taking in every detail of the apartment.

wicker - l'osier; ; osier

panelling - les lambris; ; boiserie, lambris; (panel); panneau, table ronde

worm - ver, vermine, scarabée, vis sans fin, dragon, remords, ramper

"Where does that bell communicate with?" he asked at last pointing to a thick bell-rope which hung down beside the bed, the tassel actually lying upon the pillow.

rope - corde; funiculaire, corde

tassel - le pompon; ; panicule

"It goes to the housekeeper’s room."

"It looks newer than the other things?"

"Yes, it was only put there a couple of years ago."

"Your sister asked for it, I suppose?"

"No, I never heard of her using it. We used always to get what we wanted for ourselves."

"Indeed, it seemed unnecessary to put so nice a bell-pull there. You will excuse me for a few minutes while I satisfy myself as to this floor." He threw himself down upon his face with his lens in his hand and crawled swiftly backward and forward, examining minutely the cracks between the boards. Then he did the same with the wood-work with which the chamber was panelled.

crawled - rampé; ramper

panelled - lambrissée; panneau, table ronde, case, vignette, panneau, , g

Finally he walked over to the bed and spent some time in staring at it and in running his eye up and down the wall. Finally he took the bell-rope in his hand and gave it a brisk tug.

brisk - animé, vif, stimulant

tug - tirer, remorquer, tirement

"Why, it’s a dummy," said he.

dummy - muet, idiot, idiote, imbécile, mannequin, mort

"Won’t it ring?"

"No, it is not even attached to a wire. This is very interesting. You can see now that it is fastened to a hook just above where the little opening for the ventilator is."

attached - attachée; attacher

ventilator - ventilateur, respirateur artificiel, respirateur

"How very absurd! I never noticed that before."

"Very strange!" muttered Holmes, pulling at the rope. "There are one or two very singular points about this room. For example, what a fool a builder must be to open a ventilator into another room, when, with the same trouble, he might have communicated with the outside air!"

fool - idiot; ; dinde, fou, bouffon, mat, duper, tromper

builder - constructeur, constructrice, bâtisseur, bâtisseuse

"That is also quite modern," said the lady.

"Done about the same time as the bell-rope?" remarked Holmes.

"Yes, there were several little changes carried out about that time."

"They seem to have been of a most interesting character-dummy bell-ropes, and ventilators which do not ventilate. With your permission, Miss Stoner, we shall now carry our researches into the inner apartment."

ropes - des cordes; corde

ventilators - ventilateurs; ventilateur, respirateur artificiel, respirateur

Dr. Grimesby Roylott’s chamber was larger than that of his step-daughter, but was as plainly furnished. A camp-bed, a small wooden shelf full of books, mostly of a technical character, an armchair beside the bed, a plain wooden chair against the wall, a round table, and a large iron safe were the principal things which met the eye. Holmes walked slowly round and examined each and all of them with the keenest interest.

camp-bed - (camp-bed) lit de camp

technical - technique, technical

"What’s in here?" he asked, tapping the safe.

"My stepfather’s business papers."

"Oh! you have seen inside, then?"

"Only once, some years ago. I remember that it was full of papers."

"There isn’t a cat in it, for example?"

"No. What a strange idea!"

"Well, look at this!" He took up a small saucer of milk which stood on the top of it.

saucer - soucoupe, sous-tasse

"No; we don’t keep a cat. But there is a cheetah and a baboon."

"Ah, yes, of course! Well, a cheetah is just a big cat, and yet a saucer of milk does not go very far in satisfying its wants, I daresay. There is one point which I should wish to determine." He squatted down in front of the wooden chair and examined the seat of it with the greatest attention.

satisfying - satisfaisant; satisfaire

squatted - s'est accroupi; s''accroupir

"Thank you. That is quite settled," said he, rising and putting his lens in his pocket. "Hullo! Here is something interesting!"

Hullo - bonjour; salut !

The object which had caught his eye was a small dog lash hung on one corner of the bed. The lash, however, was curled upon itself and tied so as to make a loop of whipcord.

lash - cils; amarrons, amarrez, amarrent, fustiger

"What do you make of that, Watson?"

"It’s a common enough lash. But I don’t know why it should be tied."

be tied - etre attaché

"That is not quite so common, is it? Ah, me! it’s a wicked world, and when a clever man turns his brains to crime it is the worst of all. I think that I have seen enough now, Miss Stoner, and with your permission we shall walk out upon the lawn."

I had never seen my friend’s face so grim or his brow so dark as it was when we turned from the scene of this investigation. We had walked several times up and down the lawn, neither Miss Stoner nor myself liking to break in upon his thoughts before he roused himself from his reverie.

roused - réveillé; réveiller

reverie - reverie; reverie

"It is very essential, Miss Stoner," said he, "that you should absolutely follow my advice in every respect."

"I shall most certainly do so."

"The matter is too serious for any hesitation. Your life may depend upon your compliance."

compliance - la conformité; ; conformité, acquiescement, conformisme

"I assure you that I am in your hands."

"In the first place, both my friend and I must spend the night in your room."

Both Miss Stoner and I gazed at him in astonishment.

"Yes, it must be so. Let me explain. I believe that that is the village inn over there?"

"Yes, that is the Crown."

"Very good. Your windows would be visible from there?"


"You must confine yourself to your room, on pretence of a headache, when your stepfather comes back. Then when you hear him retire for the night, you must open the shutters of your window, undo the hasp, put your lamp there as a signal to us, and then withdraw quietly with everything which you are likely to want into the room which you used to occupy. I have no doubt that, in spite of the repairs, you could manage there for one night."

pretence - prétention

undo - annuler; défaisons, défont, défais

occupy - occuper, habiter

"Oh, yes, easily."

"The rest you will leave in our hands."

"But what will you do?"

"We shall spend the night in your room, and we shall investigate the cause of this noise which has disturbed you."

investigate - enqueter; ; étudier, enqueter, rechercher

"I believe, Mr. Holmes, that you have already made up your mind," said Miss Stoner, laying her hand upon my companion’s sleeve.

"Perhaps I have."

"Then, for pity’s sake, tell me what was the cause of my sister’s death."

"I should prefer to have clearer proofs before I speak."

"You can at least tell me whether my own thought is correct, and if she died from some sudden fright."

fright - d'effroi; anxiété, peur, frayeur

"No, I do not think so. I think that there was probably some more tangible cause. And now, Miss Stoner, we must leave you for if Dr. Roylott returned and saw us our journey would be in vain. Good-bye, and be brave, for if you will do what I have told you, you may rest assured that we shall soon drive away the dangers that threaten you."

tangible - tangible, palpable

drive away - s'en aller

threaten - menacer

Sherlock Holmes and I had no difficulty in engaging a bedroom and sitting-room at the Crown Inn. They were on the upper floor, and from our window we could command a view of the avenue gate, and of the inhabited wing of Stoke Moran Manor House. At dusk we saw Dr. Grimesby Roylott drive past, his huge form looming up beside the little figure of the lad who drove him.

upper floor - l'étage supérieur

drive past - passer devant

looming - a venir; métier a tisser

The boy had some slight difficulty in undoing the heavy iron gates, and we heard the hoarse roar of the doctor’s voice and saw the fury with which he shook his clinched fists at him. The trap drove on, and a few minutes later we saw a sudden light spring up among the trees as the lamp was lit in one of the sitting-rooms.

undoing - défaisant; (undo) défaisant

hoarse - rauque; rauque, rugueux

clinched - conclu; agrafer, attache, fixation, clinch

spring up - le printemps

"Do you know, Watson," said Holmes as we sat together in the gathering darkness, "I have really some scruples as to taking you to-night. There is a distinct element of danger."

scruples - des scrupules; scrupule

element - élément, membre, point

"Can I be of assistance?"

"Your presence might be invaluable."

"Then I shall certainly come."

"It is very kind of you."

"You speak of danger. You have evidently seen more in these rooms than was visible to me."

"No, but I fancy that I may have deduced a little more. I imagine that you saw all that I did."

"I saw nothing remarkable save the bell-rope, and what purpose that could answer I confess is more than I can imagine."

"You saw the ventilator, too?"

"Yes, but I do not think that it is such a very unusual thing to have a small opening between two rooms. It was so small that a rat could hardly pass through."

"I knew that we should find a ventilator before ever we came to Stoke Moran."

"My dear Holmes!"

"Oh, yes, I did. You remember in her statement she said that her sister could smell Dr. Roylott’s cigar. Now, of course that suggested at once that there must be a communication between the two rooms. It could only be a small one, or it would have been remarked upon at the coroner’s inquiry. I deduced a ventilator."

"But what harm can there be in that?"

"Well, there is at least a curious coincidence of dates. A ventilator is made, a cord is hung, and a lady who sleeps in the bed dies. Does not that strike you?"

coincidence - coincidence; ; coincidence

"I cannot as yet see any connection."

"Did you observe anything very peculiar about that bed?"


"It was clamped to the floor. Did you ever see a bed fastened like that before?"

clamped - serré; attache

"I cannot say that I have."

"The lady could not move her bed. It must always be in the same relative position to the ventilator and to the rope-or so we may call it, since it was clearly never meant for a bell-pull."

"Holmes," I cried, "I seem to see dimly what you are hinting at. We are only just in time to prevent some subtle and horrible crime."

hinting at - fait allusion

"Subtle enough and horrible enough. When a doctor does go wrong he is the first of criminals. He has nerve and he has knowledge. Palmer and Pritchard were among the heads of their profession. This man strikes even deeper, but I think, Watson, that we shall be able to strike deeper still.

But we shall have horrors enough before the night is over; for goodness’ sake let us have a quiet pipe and turn our minds for a few hours to something more cheerful."

horrors - des horreurs; horreur, effroi, dégout, aversion

more cheerful - plus joyeux

About nine o’clock the light among the trees was extinguished, and all was dark in the direction of the Manor House. Two hours passed slowly away, and then, suddenly, just at the stroke of eleven, a single bright light shone out right in front of us.

extinguished - éteinte; éteindre

"That is our signal," said Holmes, springing to his feet; "it comes from the middle window."

As we passed out he exchanged a few words with the landlord, explaining that we were going on a late visit to an acquaintance, and that it was possible that we might spend the night there. A moment later we were out on the dark road, a chill wind blowing in our faces, and one yellow light twinkling in front of us through the gloom to guide us on our sombre errand.

exchanged - échangé; (é)changer

twinkling - scintillant; (twinkle); briller, cligner, virevolter

There was little difficulty in entering the grounds, for unrepaired breaches gaped in the old park wall. Making our way among the trees, we reached the lawn, crossed it, and were about to enter through the window when out from a clump of laurel bushes there darted what seemed to be a hideous and distorted child, who threw itself upon the grass with writhing limbs and then ran swiftly across the lawn into the darkness.

unrepaired - non réparée

breaches - des infractions; infraction, violation, breche, brouille

clump - amas, touffe, massif

darted - dardé; dard, fleche

distorted - déformé; déformer, distordre, déformer

"My God!" I whispered; "did you see it?"

Holmes was for the moment as startled as I. His hand closed like a vice upon my wrist in his agitation. Then he broke into a low laugh and put his lips to my ear.

"It is a nice household," he murmured. "That is the baboon."

I had forgotten the strange pets which the doctor affected. There was a cheetah, too; perhaps we might find it upon our shoulders at any moment. I confess that I felt easier in my mind when, after following Holmes’ example and slipping off my shoes, I found myself inside the bedroom.

slipping off - en glissant

My companion noiselessly closed the shutters, moved the lamp onto the table, and cast his eyes round the room. All was as we had seen it in the daytime. Then creeping up to me and making a trumpet of his hand, he whispered into my ear again so gently that it was all that I could do to distinguish the words:

noiselessly - sans bruit

cast - casting; ; jeter, diriger, lancer, additionner, sommer, muer

daytime - journée, jour

creeping - rampant; ramper, rampement, fatigue, fluage, reptation

trumpet - trompette, trompettiste, barrissement, jouer de la trompette

"The least sound would be fatal to our plans."

I nodded to show that I had heard.

nodded to - fait un signe de tete

"We must sit without light. He would see it through the ventilator."

I nodded again.

"Do not go asleep; your very life may depend upon it. Have your pistol ready in case we should need it. I will sit on the side of the bed, and you in that chair."

I took out my revolver and laid it on the corner of the table.

Holmes had brought up a long thin cane, and this he placed upon the bed beside him. By it he laid the box of matches and the stump of a candle. Then he turned down the lamp, and we were left in darkness.

cane - canne, tige, canne, bastonnade, canne blanche, bâtonner

How shall I ever forget that dreadful vigil? I could not hear a sound, not even the drawing of a breath, and yet I knew that my companion sat open-eyed, within a few feet of me, in the same state of nervous tension in which I was myself. The shutters cut off the least ray of light, and we waited in absolute darkness.

vigil - veille, veillée

ray - rayon; émission

From outside came the occasional cry of a night-bird, and once at our very window a long drawn catlike whine, which told us that the cheetah was indeed at liberty. Far away we could hear the deep tones of the parish clock, which boomed out every quarter of an hour. How long they seemed, those quarters! Twelve struck, and one and two and three, and still we sat waiting silently for whatever might befall.

occasional - occasionnel

catlike - a la maniere d'un chat; ; félin

whine - se plaindre; ; pleurnicherie, geignement, couiner, geindre

tones - tons; ton

parish - paroisse; paroisse

boomed - a fait boomerang; forte hausse

Suddenly there was the momentary gleam of a light up in the direction of the ventilator, which vanished immediately, but was succeeded by a strong smell of burning oil and heated metal. Someone in the next room had lit a dark-lantern. I heard a gentle sound of movement, and then all was silent once more, though the smell grew stronger.

For half an hour I sat with straining ears. Then suddenly another sound became audible-a very gentle, soothing sound, like that of a small jet of steam escaping continually from a kettle. The instant that we heard it, Holmes sprang from the bed, struck a match, and lashed furiously with his cane at the bell-pull.

straining - la tension; (strain) la tension

audible - audible

steam - de la vapeur

escaping - s'échapper; échapper, s'échapper, éviter, tirer

kettle - bouilloire; chaudron

lashed - fouetté; cil

"You see it, Watson?" he yelled. "You see it?"

But I saw nothing. At the moment when Holmes struck the light I heard a low, clear whistle, but the sudden glare flashing into my weary eyes made it impossible for me to tell what it was at which my friend lashed so savagely. I could, however, see that his face was deadly pale and filled with horror and loathing. He had ceased to strike and was gazing up at the ventilator when suddenly there broke from the silence of the night the most horrible cry to which I have ever listened. It swelled up louder and louder, a hoarse yell of pain and fear and anger all mingled in the one dreadful shriek. They say that away down in the village, and even in the distant parsonage, that cry raised the sleepers from their beds.

loathing - le dégout; ; dégout; (loathe); exécrer, détester, hair

most horrible - le plus horrible

swelled - gonflé; enfler, gonfler

yell - crier; hurlent, hurler, jacasser, hurlez, hurlons

distant - distante; ; distant, lointain, éloigné

parsonage - le presbytere; ; cure, presbytere

It struck cold to our hearts, and I stood gazing at Holmes, and he at me, until the last echoes of it had died away into the silence from which it rose.

Echoes - les échos; écho

"What can it mean?" I gasped.

"It means that it is all over," Holmes answered. "And perhaps, after all, it is for the best. Take your pistol, and we will enter Dr. Roylott’s room."

With a grave face he lit the lamp and led the way down the corridor. Twice he struck at the chamber door without any reply from within. Then he turned the handle and entered, I at his heels, with the cocked pistol in my hand.

handle - poignée; crosse, manions, poignée, traiter, manient, maniez

It was a singular sight which met our eyes. On the table stood a dark-lantern with the shutter half open, throwing a brilliant beam of light upon the iron safe, the door of which was ajar. Beside this table, on the wooden chair, sat Dr. Grimesby Roylott clad in a long grey dressing-gown, his bare ankles protruding beneath, and his feet thrust into red heelless Turkish slippers.

half open - a moitié ouvert

beam - madrier, poutre, merrain, perche, limon, timon, age, faisceau

ajar - entrouverte; entrouvert

heelless - sans heelless

Turkish - turque; ; turc

Across his lap lay the short stock with the long lash which we had noticed during the day. His chin was cocked upward and his eyes were fixed in a dreadful, rigid stare at the corner of the ceiling. Round his brow he had a peculiar yellow band, with brownish speckles, which seemed to be bound tightly round his head. As we entered he made neither sound nor motion.

rigid - rigide

brownish - brunâtre

tightly - étanche; ; fermement

"The band! the speckled band!" whispered Holmes.

I took a step forward. In an instant his strange headgear began to move, and there reared itself from among his hair the squat diamond-shaped head and puffed neck of a loathsome serpent.

headgear - un couvre-chef; ; couvre-chef

reared - élevé; arriere

squat - squat; s''accroupir

loathsome - détestable; ; odieux, dégoutant

serpent - serpent

"It is a swamp adder!" cried Holmes; "the deadliest snake in India. He has died within ten seconds of being bitten. Violence does, in truth, recoil upon the violent, and the schemer falls into the pit which he digs for another. Let us thrust this creature back into its den, and we can then remove Miss Stoner to some place of shelter and let the county police know what has happened."

swamp - marécage, marais, submerger

adder - adder; additionneur

bitten - mordu; mordre, mordre, mordre, maintenir, garder, mordre

recoil - recul, reculer

schemer - magouilleur; ; machinateur

pit - fosse; écart, précipice, fosse, noyau

digs - creuser; becher

shelter - l'abri; ; abri, refuge, abriter

As he spoke he drew the dog-whip swiftly from the dead man’s lap, and throwing the noose round the reptile’s neck he drew it from its horrid perch and, carrying it at arm’s length, threw it into the iron safe, which he closed upon it.

noose - noud coulant; ; noud coulant, lacs

reptile - reptile

"I had," said he, "come to an entirely erroneous conclusion which shows, my dear Watson, how dangerous it always is to reason from insufficient data. The presence of the gipsies, and the use of the word ‘band,’ which was used by the poor girl, no doubt, to explain the appearance which she had caught a hurried glimpse of by the light of her match, were sufficient to put me upon an entirely wrong scent. I can only claim the merit that I instantly reconsidered my position when, however, it became clear to me that whatever danger threatened an occupant of the room could not come either from the window or the door. My attention was speedily drawn, as I have already remarked to you, to this ventilator, and to the bell-rope which hung down to the bed. The discovery that this was a dummy, and that the bed was clamped to the floor, instantly gave rise to the suspicion that the rope was there as a bridge for something passing through the hole and coming to the bed. The idea of a snake instantly occurred to me, and when I coupled it with my knowledge that the doctor was furnished with a supply of creatures from India, I felt that I was probably on the right track.

erroneous - erroné

reconsidered - reconsidérée; reconsidérer

creatures - créatures; créature, etre

The idea of using a form of poison which could not possibly be discovered by any chemical test was just such a one as would occur to a clever and ruthless man who had had an Eastern training. The rapidity with which such a poison would take effect would also, from his point of view, be an advantage. It would be a sharp-eyed coroner, indeed, who could distinguish the two little dark punctures which would show where the poison fangs had done their work. Then I thought of the whistle. Of course he must recall the snake before the morning light revealed it to the victim. He had trained it, probably by the use of the milk which we saw, to return to him when summoned. He would put it through this ventilator at the hour that he thought best, with the certainty that it would crawl down the rope and land on the bed. It might or might not bite the occupant, perhaps she might escape every night for a week, but sooner or later she must fall a victim.

ruthless - impitoyable

rapidity - rapidité, célérité

punctures - des piqures; piqure, perforation, perforer

fangs - des crocs; croc

"I had come to these conclusions before ever I had entered his room. An inspection of his chair showed me that he had been in the habit of standing on it, which of course would be necessary in order that he should reach the ventilator. The sight of the safe, the saucer of milk, and the loop of whipcord were enough to finally dispel any doubts which may have remained. The metallic clang heard by Miss Stoner was obviously caused by her stepfather hastily closing the door of his safe upon its terrible occupant. Having once made up my mind, you know the steps which I took in order to put the matter to the proof. I heard the creature hiss as I have no doubt that you did also, and I instantly lit the light and attacked it.

dispel - chasser, dissiper

hastily - hâtivement, précipitamment, a la hâte

hiss - sifflement, siffler

"With the result of driving it through the ventilator."

"And also with the result of causing it to turn upon its master at the other side. Some of the blows of my cane came home and roused its snakish temper, so that it flew upon the first person it saw. In this way I am no doubt indirectly responsible for Dr. Grimesby Roylott’s death, and I cannot say that it is likely to weigh very heavily upon my conscience."

snakish - snakish

indirectly - indirectement

responsible - responsable

weigh - peser, lever l’ancre

conscience - conscience


Of all the problems which have been submitted to my friend, Mr. Sherlock Holmes, for solution during the years of our intimacy, there were only two which I was the means of introducing to his notice-that of Mr. Hatherley’s thumb, and that of Colonel Warburton’s madness. Of these the latter may have afforded a finer field for an acute and original observer, but the other was so strange in its inception and so dramatic in its details that it may be the more worthy of being placed upon record, even if it gave my friend fewer openings for those deductive methods of reasoning by which he achieved such remarkable results. The story has, I believe, been told more than once in the newspapers, but, like all such narratives, its effect is much less striking when set forth en bloc in a single half-column of print than when the facts slowly evolve before your own eyes, and the mystery clears gradually away as each new discovery furnishes a step which leads on to the complete truth.

en - en

intimacy - l'intimité; ; intimité

madness - la folie; ; folie

afforded - de l'entreprise; permettre

inception - la création; ; commencement, début

worthy - digne

deductive - déductif

bloc - bloc

evolve - évoluer, progresser, élaborer

furnishes - meubles; meubler, fournir, livrer

At the time the circumstances made a deep impression upon me, and the lapse of two years has hardly served to weaken the effect.

lapse - laps de temps; ; erreur, faute

weaken - s'affaiblir; ; affaiblir

It was in the summer of ’89, not long after my marriage, that the events occurred which I am now about to summarise. I had returned to civil practice and had finally abandoned Holmes in his Baker Street rooms, although I continually visited him and occasionally even persuaded him to forgo his Bohemian habits so far as to come and visit us. My practice had steadily increased, and as I happened to live at no very great distance from Paddington Station, I got a few patients from among the officials.

summarise - résumer

forgo - se passer de, renoncer a

steadily - régulierement

officials - fonctionnaires; officiel, officiel, cadre, fonctionnaire

One of these, whom I had cured of a painful and lingering disease, was never weary of advertising my virtues and of endeavouring to send me on every sufferer over whom he might have any influence.

cured - guérie; clébard, corniaud, roquet, clebs, chien, roquet

Lingering - s'attarder; qui s'attardent; (linger); s'installer, stagner

virtues - vertus; vertu, vertu, vertu

One morning, at a little before seven o’clock, I was awakened by the maid tapping at the door to announce that two men had come from Paddington and were waiting in the consulting-room. I dressed hurriedly, for I knew by experience that railway cases were seldom trivial, and hastened downstairs. As I descended, my old ally, the guard, came out of the room and closed the door tightly behind him.

announce - annoncer

by experience - par l'expérience

hastened - s'est hâté; dépecher

ally - allié; alliée, allions, allié, alliez, se liguer, allient

"I’ve got him here," he whispered, jerking his thumb over his shoulder; "he’s all right."

jerking - par a-coups; (jerk) par a-coups

"What is it, then?" I asked, for his manner suggested that it was some strange creature which he had caged up in my room.

caged - en cage; cage, cage, encager

"It’s a new patient," he whispered. "I thought I’d bring him round myself; then he couldn’t slip away. There he is, all safe and sound. I must go now, Doctor; I have my dooties, just the same as you." And off he went, this trusty tout, without even giving me time to thank him.

slip away - s'éclipser

I entered my consulting-room and found a gentleman seated by the table. He was quietly dressed in a suit of heather tweed with a soft cloth cap which he had laid down upon my books. Round one of his hands he had a handkerchief wrapped, which was mottled all over with bloodstains.

heather - bruyere; ; bruyere, callune, éricacée

He was young, not more than five-and-twenty, I should say, with a strong, masculine face; but he was exceedingly pale and gave me the impression of a man who was suffering from some strong agitation, which it took all his strength of mind to control.

masculine - masculin, masculin

suffering - la souffrance; ; souffrance, douleur, souffrance

strength of mind - la force de l'esprit

"I am sorry to knock you up so early, Doctor," said he, "but I have had a very serious accident during the night. I came in by train this morning, and on inquiring at Paddington as to where I might find a doctor, a worthy fellow very kindly escorted me here. I gave the maid a card, but I see that she has left it upon the side-table."

inquiring - en quete de renseignements; enqueter, renseigner

side-table - (side-table) Une table d'appoint

I took it up and glanced at it. "Mr. Victor Hatherley, hydraulic engineer, 16A, Victoria Street (3rd floor)." That was the name, style, and abode of my morning visitor. "I regret that I have kept you waiting," said I, sitting down in my library-chair. "You are fresh from a night journey, I understand, which is in itself a monotonous occupation."

Victor - Victor

hydraulic - hydraulique

abode - domicile; domicile, demeure; (abide); endurer, tolérer

regret - regretter, regret

"Oh, my night could not be called monotonous," said he, and laughed. He laughed very heartily, with a high, ringing note, leaning back in his chair and shaking his sides. All my medical instincts rose up against that laugh.

"Stop it!" I cried; "pull yourself together!" and I poured out some water from a caraffe.

poured out - versée

caraffe - carafe

It was useless, however. He was off in one of those hysterical outbursts which come upon a strong nature when some great crisis is over and gone. Presently he came to himself once more, very weary and pale-looking.

outbursts - des débordements; explosion

crisis - crise

"I have been making a fool of myself," he gasped.

"Not at all. Drink this." I dashed some brandy into the water, and the colour began to come back to his bloodless cheeks.

"That’s better!" said he. "And now, Doctor, perhaps you would kindly attend to my thumb, or rather to the place where my thumb used to be."

He unwound the handkerchief and held out his hand. It gave even my hardened nerves a shudder to look at it. There were four protruding fingers and a horrid red, spongy surface where the thumb should have been. It had been hacked or torn right out from the roots.

unwound - déroulé; dérouler, débobiner, démeler, décompresser, défaire

shudder - frémir; ; tremblement, frisson, frissonner, trembler

spongy - spongieux

surface - surface, faire surface

hacked - piraté; tailler, hacher

"Good heavens!" I cried, "this is a terrible injury. It must have bled considerably."

bled - bled; saigner, purger, prélever, fond perdu

"Yes, it did. I fainted when it was done, and I think that I must have been senseless for a long time. When I came to I found that it was still bleeding, so I tied one end of my handkerchief very tightly round the wrist and braced it up with a twig."

braced - entretoisé; toise, fiche, doublé, retenir

twig - brindille; ramille

"Excellent! You should have been a surgeon."

"It is a question of hydraulics, you see, and came within my own province."

hydraulics - hydraulique; hydraulique, hydraulique

province - province

"This has been done," said I, examining the wound, "by a very heavy and sharp instrument."

"A thing like a cleaver," said he.

cleaver - fendoir, couperet

"An accident, I presume?"

"By no means."

"What! a murderous attack?"

murderous - meurtriere

"Very murderous indeed."

"You horrify me."

I sponged the wound, cleaned it, dressed it, and finally covered it over with cotton wadding and carbolised bandages. He lay back without wincing, though he bit his lip from time to time.

sponged - épongé; éponge, éponge, ivrogne, soulard, éponger

cotton - coton; coton

wadding - mise; (wad) mise

carbolised - carbolisé

bandages - des bandages; bandage, pansement, panser

wincing - se blesser; se pincer; (wince); grimacer

"How is that?" I asked when I had finished.

"Capital! Between your brandy and your bandage, I feel a new man. I was very weak, but I have had a good deal to go through."

bandage - bandage, pansement, panser

"Perhaps you had better not speak of the matter. It is evidently trying to your nerves."

"Oh, no, not now. I shall have to tell my tale to the police; but, between ourselves, if it were not for the convincing evidence of this wound of mine, I should be surprised if they believed my statement, for it is a very extraordinary one, and I have not much in the way of proof with which to back it up; and, even if they believe me, the clues which I can give them are so vague that it is a question whether justice will be done."

convincing - convaincante; convaincre, persuader

justice - justice, équité, conseiller

"Ha!" cried I, "if it is anything in the nature of a problem which you desire to see solved, I should strongly recommend you to come to my friend, Mr. Sherlock Holmes, before you go to the official police."

"Oh, I have heard of that fellow," answered my visitor, "and I should be very glad if he would take the matter up, though of course I must use the official police as well. Would you give me an introduction to him?"

"I’ll do better. I’ll take you round to him myself."

"I should be immensely obliged to you."

"We’ll call a cab and go together. We shall just be in time to have a little breakfast with him. Do you feel equal to it?"

go together - vont ensemble

"Yes; I shall not feel easy until I have told my story."

"Then my servant will call a cab, and I shall be with you in an instant." I rushed upstairs, explained the matter shortly to my wife, and in five minutes was inside a hansom, driving with my new acquaintance to Baker Street.

Sherlock Holmes was, as I expected, lounging about his sitting-room in his dressing-gown, reading the agony column of The Times and smoking his before-breakfast pipe, which was composed of all the plugs and dottles left from his smokes of the day before, all carefully dried and collected on the corner of the mantelpiece.

agony - l'agonie; ; agonie, angoisse

composed - composé; composer, composer, composer, composer

plugs - bouchons; fiche, bouchon, boucher, fermer, bourrer

He received us in his quietly genial fashion, ordered fresh rashers and eggs, and joined us in a hearty meal. When it was concluded he settled our new acquaintance upon the sofa, placed a pillow beneath his head, and laid a glass of brandy and water within his reach.

genial - génial; aimable, chaleureux

rashers - rashers; tranche de lard

"It is easy to see that your experience has been no common one, Mr. Hatherley," said he. "Pray, lie down there and make yourself absolutely at home. Tell us what you can, but stop when you are tired and keep up your strength with a little stimulant."

stimulant - excitant, stimulant

"Thank you," said my patient, "but I have felt another man since the doctor bandaged me, and I think that your breakfast has completed the cure. I shall take up as little of your valuable time as possible, so I shall start at once upon my peculiar experiences."

bandaged - bandé; bandage, pansement, panser

cure - guérir; guérissez, guérissent, cicatriser, guérison

Holmes sat in his big armchair with the weary, heavy-lidded expression which veiled his keen and eager nature, while I sat opposite to him, and we listened in silence to the strange story which our visitor detailed to us.

lidded - couvert; couvercle

opposite to - en face de

"You must know," said he, "that I am an orphan and a bachelor, residing alone in lodgings in London. by profession I am a hydraulic engineer, and I have had considerable experience of my work during the seven years that I was apprenticed to Venner & Matheson, the well-known firm, of Greenwich.

orphan - orphelin, orpheline

residing - en résidence; habiter, résider, demeurer, résider

by profession - par profession

apprenticed - apprentissage; apprenti

Greenwich - greenwich; Greenwich

Two years ago, having served my time, and having also come into a fair sum of money through my poor father’s death, I determined to start in business for myself and took professional chambers in Victoria Street.

A fair sum - une somme équitable

"I suppose that everyone finds his first independent start in business a dreary experience. To me it has been exceptionally so. During two years I have had three consultations and one small job, and that is absolutely all that my profession has brought me.

dreary - lugubre; ; terne, insipide, maussade

exceptionally - exceptionnellement

consultations - des consultations; consultation

My gross takings amount to L27 10s. Every day, from nine in the morning until four in the afternoon, I waited in my little den, until at last my heart began to sink, and I came to believe that I should never have any practice at all.

"Yesterday, however, just as I was thinking of leaving the office, my clerk entered to say there was a gentleman waiting who wished to see me upon business. He brought up a card, too, with the name of ‘Colonel Lysander Starkengraved upon it. Close at his heels came the colonel himself, a man rather over the middle size, but of an exceeding thinness. I do not think that I have ever seen so thin a man. His whole face sharpened away into nose and chin, and the skin of his cheeks was drawn quite tense over his outstanding bones.

clerk - greffier

Stark - stark; austere, désolé

engraved - gravé; graver

middle size - taille moyenne

exceeding - dépassant; excéder, excéder, dépasser, excéder

sharpened - aiguisé; affiler, affuter, aiguiser

tense - tendu; tendu

Yet this emaciation seemed to be his natural habit, and due to no disease, for his eye was bright, his step brisk, and his bearing assured. He was plainly but neatly dressed, and his age, I should judge, would be nearer forty than thirty.

emaciation - l'émaciation; ; émaciation, émaciement

due - due; ; du

" ‘Mr. Hatherley?’ said he, with something of a German accent. ‘You have been recommended to me, Mr. Hatherley, as being a man who is not only proficient in his profession but is also discreet and capable of preserving a secret.’

proficient - compétent

discreet - discret

preserving - préserver; confiture, conserve, réserve naturelle

"I bowed, feeling as flattered as any young man would at such an address. ‘May I ask who it was who gave me so good a character?’

" ‘Well, perhaps it is better that I should not tell you that just at this moment. I have it from the same source that you are both an orphan and a bachelor and are residing alone in London.’

" ‘That is quite correct,’ I answered; ‘but you will excuse me if I say that I cannot see how all this bears upon my professional qualifications. I understand that it was on a professional matter that you wished to speak to me?’

qualifications - les qualifications; qualification

" ‘Undoubtedly so. But you will find that all I say is really to the point. I have a professional commission for you, but absolute secrecy is quite essential-absolute secrecy, you understand, and of course we may expect that more from a man who is alone than from one who lives in the bosom of his family.’

bosom - poitrine; ; sein, intime

" ‘If I promise to keep a secret,’ said I, ‘you may absolutely depend upon my doing so.’

"He looked very hard at me as I spoke, and it seemed to me that I had never seen so suspicious and questioning an eye.

" ‘Do you promise, then?’ said he at last.

" ‘Yes, I promise.’

" ‘Absolute and complete silence before, during, and after? No reference to the matter at all, either in word or writing?’

" ‘I have already given you my word.’

" ‘Very good.’ He suddenly sprang up, and darting like lightning across the room he flung open the door. The passage outside was empty.

darting - darting; dard, fleche

lightning - la foudre; ; éclair, éloise, foudre

" ‘That’s all right,’ said he, coming back. ‘I know that clerks are sometimes curious as to their master’s affairs. Now we can talk in safety.’ He drew up his chair very close to mine and began to stare at me again with the same questioning and thoughtful look.

thoughtful - réfléchie; ; réfléchi, attentionné

"A feeling of repulsion, and of something akin to fear had begun to rise within me at the strange antics of this fleshless man. Even my dread of losing a client could not restrain me from showing my impatience.

restrain - retenir; contraignez, contraignons, gouverner, contrains

" ‘I beg that you will state your business, sir,’ said I; ‘my time is of value.’ Heaven forgive me for that last sentence, but the words came to my lips.

" ‘How would fifty guineas for a night’s work suit you?’ he asked.

" ‘Most admirably.’

" ‘I say a night’s work, but an hour’s would be nearer the mark. I simply want your opinion about a hydraulic stamping machine which has got out of gear. If you show us what is wrong we shall soon set it right ourselves. What do you think of such a commission as that?’

gear - l'engrenage; ; panoplie, matériel, matos, engrenage, vitesse

" ‘The work appears to be light and the pay munificent.’

munificent - munificent

" ‘Precisely so. We shall want you to come to-night by the last train.’

" ‘Where to?’

" ‘To Eyford, in Berkshire. It is a little place near the borders of Oxfordshire, and within seven miles of Reading. There is a train from Paddington which would bring you there at about 11:15.’

little place - petit endroit

" ‘Very good.’

" ‘I shall come down in a carriage to meet you.’

" ‘There is a drive, then?’

" ‘Yes, our little place is quite out in the country. It is a good seven miles from Eyford Station.’

" ‘Then we can hardly get there before midnight. I suppose there would be no chance of a train back. I should be compelled to stop the night.’

" ‘Yes, we could easily give you a shake-down.’

" ‘That is very awkward. Could I not come at some more convenient hour?’

more convenient - plus pratique

" ‘We have judged it best that you should come late. It is to recompense you for any inconvenience that we are paying to you, a young and unknown man, a fee which would buy an opinion from the very heads of your profession. Still, of course, if you would like to draw out of the business, there is plenty of time to do so.’

judged - jugée; juger

recompense - compensation; restituer

inconvenience - inconvénients; ; dérangement, désagrément

fee - frais; ; honoraires, tarif

"I thought of the fifty guineas, and of how very useful they would be to me. ‘Not at all,’ said I, ‘I shall be very happy to accommodate myself to your wishes. I should like, however, to understand a little more clearly what it is that you wish me to do.’

accommodate - d'accueil; ; héberger, accommoder, s'accommoder

" ‘Quite so. It is very natural that the pledge of secrecy which we have exacted from you should have aroused your curiosity. I have no wish to commit you to anything without your having it all laid before you. I suppose that we are absolutely safe from eavesdroppers?’

commit - s'engager; ; confier, commettre, remettre, consigner, commit

absolutely safe - absolument sur

" ‘Entirely.’

" ‘Then the matter stands thus. You are probably aware that fuller’s-earth is a valuable product, and that it is only found in one or two places in England?’

thus - donc; ainsi, tellement, pour cette raison, également

" ‘I have heard so.’

" ‘Some little time ago I bought a small place-a very small place-within ten miles of Reading. I was fortunate enough to discover that there was a deposit of fuller’s-earth in one of my fields. On examining it, however, I found that this deposit was a comparatively small one, and that it formed a link between two very much larger ones upon the right and left-both of them, however, in the grounds of my neighbours. These good people were absolutely ignorant that their land contained that which was quite as valuable as a gold-mine. Naturally, it was to my interest to buy their land before they discovered its true value, but unfortunately I had no capital by which I could do this. I took a few of my friends into the secret, however, and they suggested that we should quietly and secretly work our own little deposit and that in this way we should earn the money which would enable us to buy the neighbouring fields.

deposit - dépôt, gisement, acompte, arrhes, caution, déposer

secretly - secretement; ; secretement, en cachette

enable - autoriser, permettre, activer

This we have now been doing for some time, and in order to help us in our operations we erected a hydraulic press. This press, as I have already explained, has got out of order, and we wish your advice upon the subject. We guard our secret very jealously, however, and if it once became known that we had hydraulic engineers coming to our little house, it would soon rouse inquiry, and then, if the facts came out, it would be good-bye to any chance of getting these fields and carrying out our plans. That is why I have made you promise me that you will not tell a human being that you are going to Eyford to-night. I hope that I make it all plain?’

operations - des opérations; opération, fonctionnement, exploitation

jealously - la jalousie; ; jalousement

rouse - rouse; ameutez, ameutent, évocation, irriter, ameutons

" ‘I quite follow you,’ said I. ‘The only point which I could not quite understand was what use you could make of a hydraulic press in excavating fuller’s-earth, which, as I understand, is dug out like gravel from a pit.’

excavating - l'excavation; creuser

dug out - déterré

" ‘Ah!’ said he carelessly, ‘we have our own process. We compress the earth into bricks, so as to remove them without revealing what they are. But that is a mere detail. I have taken you fully into my confidence now, Mr. Hatherley, and I have shown you how I trust you.’ He rose as he spoke. ‘I shall expect you, then, at Eyford at 11:15.’

compress - compresser; comprimer, comprimons, comprimez, compriment

" ‘I shall certainly be there.’

" ‘And not a word to a soul.’ He looked at me with a last long, questioning gaze, and then, pressing my hand in a cold, dank grasp, he hurried from the room.

"Well, when I came to think it all over in cool blood I was very much astonished, as you may both think, at this sudden commission which had been intrusted to me. On the one hand, of course, I was glad, for the fee was at least tenfold what I should have asked had I set a price upon my own services, and it was possible that this order might lead to other ones.

astonished - étonné; étonner, surprendre

tenfold - décuplé; ; décuple, décupler

On the other hand, the face and manner of my patron had made an unpleasant impression upon me, and I could not think that his explanation of the fuller’s-earth was sufficient to explain the necessity for my coming at midnight, and his extreme anxiety lest I should tell anyone of my errand. However, I threw all fears to the winds, ate a hearty supper, drove to Paddington, and started off, having obeyed to the letter the injunction as to holding my tongue.

patron - patron; ; mécene, client

unpleasant - déplaisant, pénible, désagréable

necessity - nécessité, besoin

winds - vents; vent

obeyed - obéi; obéir, obtempérer

injunction - injonction

"At Reading I had to change not only my carriage but my station. However, I was in time for the last train to Eyford, and I reached the little dim-lit station after eleven o’clock. I was the only passenger who got out there, and there was no one upon the platform save a single sleepy porter with a lantern. As I passed out through the wicket gate, however, I found my acquaintance of the morning waiting in the shadow upon the other side.

porter - porter; porteur; (port) porter; porteur

wicket - guichet

Without a word he grasped my arm and hurried me into a carriage, the door of which was standing open. He drew up the windows on either side, tapped on the wood-work, and away we went as fast as the horse could go."

standing open - ouvert

"One horse?" interjected Holmes.

interjected - s'est interposé; intervenir

"Yes, only one."

"Did you observe the colour?"

"Yes, I saw it by the side-lights when I was stepping into the carriage. It was a chestnut."

chestnut - châtaigne, marron, châtain, châtaigner, marronnier

"Tired-looking or fresh?"

"Oh, fresh and glossy."

glossy - luisant, brillant

"Thank you. I am sorry to have interrupted you. Pray continue your most interesting statement."

interrupted - interrompu; interrompre, couper

"Away we went then, and we drove for at least an hour. Colonel Lysander Stark had said that it was only seven miles, but I should think, from the rate that we seemed to go, and from the time that we took, that it must have been nearer twelve. He sat at my side in silence all the time, and I was aware, more than once when I glanced in his direction, that he was looking at me with great intensity. The country roads seem to be not very good in that part of the world, for we lurched and jolted terribly. I tried to look out of the windows to see something of where we were, but they were made of frosted glass, and I could make out nothing save the occasional bright blur of a passing light. Now and then I hazarded some remark to break the monotony of the journey, but the colonel answered only in monosyllables, and the conversation soon flagged.

intensity - l'intensité; ; intensité

lurched - s'est déplacé; faire une embardée, vaciller

jolted - secoué; ballotter, cahoter, secouer, soubresaut, secousse

frosted - givré; (frost); givre, gel

blur - estomper, brouiller, s'estomper, flou, tache, salissure, marque

hazarded - en danger; hasard, danger, danger, hasard, tenter, hasarder

monotony - monotonie

monosyllables - monosyllabes; monosyllabe

At last, however, the bumping of the road was exchanged for the crisp smoothness of a gravel-drive, and the carriage came to a stand. Colonel Lysander Stark sprang out, and, as I followed after him, pulled me swiftly into a porch which gaped in front of us. We stepped, as it were, right out of the carriage and into the hall, so that I failed to catch the most fleeting glance of the front of the house. The instant that I had crossed the threshold the door slammed heavily behind us, and I heard faintly the rattle of the wheels as the carriage drove away.

bumping - bumping; bourrade, boum, bosse, saillie, bosse, bosse, ballon

porch - porche, véranda, portique

fleeting - éphémere; flotte

threshold - seuil, seuil de tolérance

slammed - claquée; claquer

faintly - faiblement

"It was pitch dark inside the house, and the colonel fumbled about looking for matches and muttering under his breath. Suddenly a door opened at the other end of the passage, and a long, golden bar of light shot out in our direction. It grew broader, and a woman appeared with a lamp in her hand, which she held above her head, pushing her face forward and peering at us. I could see that she was pretty, and from the gloss with which the light shone upon her dark dress I knew that it was a rich material.

pitch dark - la nuit noire

fumbled - a trébuché; tâtonner

muttering - marmonner; ; grommellement; (mutter) marmonner; ; grommellement

broader - plus large; large

gloss - gloss; brillant

She spoke a few words in a foreign tongue in a tone as though asking a question, and when my companion answered in a gruff monosyllable she gave such a start that the lamp nearly fell from her hand. Colonel Stark went up to her, whispered something in her ear, and then, pushing her back into the room from whence she had come, he walked towards me again with the lamp in his hand.

tone - ton; tonalité, ton, tonale

gruff - bourru; acerbe

monosyllable - monosyllabe

" ‘Perhaps you will have the kindness to wait in this room for a few minutes,’ said he, throwing open another door. It was a quiet, little, plainly furnished room, with a round table in the centre, on which several German books were scattered. Colonel Stark laid down the lamp on the top of a harmonium beside the door. ‘I shall not keep you waiting an instant,’ said he, and vanished into the darkness.

harmonium - harmonium

"I glanced at the books upon the table, and in spite of my ignorance of German I could see that two of them were treatises on science, the others being volumes of poetry. Then I walked across to the window, hoping that I might catch some glimpse of the country-side, but an oak shutter, heavily barred, was folded across it. It was a wonderfully silent house. There was an old clock ticking loudly somewhere in the passage, but otherwise everything was deadly still. A vague feeling of uneasiness began to steal over me. Who were these German people, and what were they doing living in this strange, out-of-the-way place?

treatises - des traités; traité

volumes - volumes; volume, volume, volume, volume, tome, volume, volume

poetry - de la poésie; ; poésie

ticking - tic-tac; (tic); tic

And where was the place? I was ten miles or so from Eyford, that was all I knew, but whether north, south, east, or west I had no idea. For that matter, Reading, and possibly other large towns, were within that radius, so the place might not be so secluded, after all. Yet it was quite certain, from the absolute stillness, that we were in the country. I paced up and down the room, humming a tune under my breath to keep up my spirits and feeling that I was thoroughly earning my fifty-guinea fee.

radius - radius, rayon

stillness - l'immobilité; ; calme, immobilité

tune - l'accord; ; mélodie, air, tube, accorder, syntoniser

"Suddenly, without any preliminary sound in the midst of the utter stillness, the door of my room swung slowly open. The woman was standing in the aperture, the darkness of the hall behind her, the yellow light from my lamp beating upon her eager and beautiful face. I could see at a glance that she was sick with fear, and the sight sent a chill to my own heart.

preliminary - préliminaire

sick with - malade

She held up one shaking finger to warn me to be silent, and she shot a few whispered words of broken English at me, her eyes glancing back, like those of a frightened horse, into the gloom behind her.

warn - avertir, alerter, prévenir

" ‘I would go,’ said she, trying hard, as it seemed to me, to speak calmly; ‘I would go. I should not stay here. There is no good for you to do.’

" ‘But, madam,’ said I, ‘I have not yet done what I came for. I cannot possibly leave until I have seen the machine.’

" ‘It is not worth your while to wait,’ she went on. ‘You can pass through the door; no one hinders.’ And then, seeing that I smiled and shook my head, she suddenly threw aside her constraint and made a step forward, with her hands wrung together. ‘For the love of Heaven!’ she whispered, ‘get away from here before it is too late!’

hinders - entrave; gener, entraver

"But I am somewhat headstrong by nature, and the more ready to engage in an affair when there is some obstacle in the way. I thought of my fifty-guinea fee, of my wearisome journey, and of the unpleasant night which seemed to be before me. Was it all to go for nothing? Why should I slink away without having carried out my commission, and without the payment which was my due? This woman might, for all I knew, be a monomaniac.

headstrong - tetu; ; obstiné

engage - s'engager; ; attirer l'attention, engager, embrayer

payment - paiement, payement

monomaniac - monomaniaque

With a stout bearing, therefore, though her manner had shaken me more than I cared to confess, I still shook my head and declared my intention of remaining where I was. She was about to renew her entreaties when a door slammed overhead, and the sound of several footsteps was heard upon the stairs. She listened for an instant, threw up her hands with a despairing gesture, and vanished as suddenly and as noiselessly as she had come.

renew - renouveler

entreaties - des supplications; supplication

overhead - des frais généraux; dessus, sur, au dessus, aérien, grippage

Footsteps - des pas; empreinte, trace de pas, pas, bruit de pas, marche

despairing - désespéré; désespérer, désespérer, désespoir

"The newcomers were Colonel Lysander Stark and a short thick man with a chinchilla beard growing out of the creases of his double chin, who was introduced to me as Mr. Ferguson.

newcomers - nouveaux arrivants; nouveau venu, nouvel arrivé, débutant

chinchilla - chinchilla; (chinchillon); chinchilla

creases - des plis; pli

double chin - double menton

" ‘This is my secretary and manager,’ said the colonel. ‘By the way, I was under the impression that I left this door shut just now. I fear that you have felt the draught.’

" ‘On the contrary,’ said I, ‘I opened the door myself because I felt the room to be a little close.’

"He shot one of his suspicious looks at me. ‘Perhaps we had better proceed to business, then,’ said he. ‘Mr. Ferguson and I will take you up to see the machine.’

" ‘I had better put my hat on, I suppose.’

" ‘Oh, no, it is in the house.’

" ‘What, you dig fuller’s-earth in the house?’

dig - creuser; creusez, creusons, creusent, creuser

" ‘No, no. This is only where we compress it. But never mind that. All we wish you to do is to examine the machine and to let us know what is wrong with it.’

"We went upstairs together, the colonel first with the lamp, the fat manager and I behind him. It was a labyrinth of an old house, with corridors, passages, narrow winding staircases, and little low doors, the thresholds of which were hollowed out by the generations who had crossed them. There were no carpets and no signs of any furniture above the ground floor, while the plaster was peeling off the walls, and the damp was breaking through in green, unhealthy blotches.

corridors - couloirs; couloir, corridor, corridor, couloir, couloir aérien

passages - passages; passage

staircases - des escaliers; escalier

thresholds - seuils; seuil, seuil, seuil, seuil, seuil de tolérance, seuil

hollowed out - creusé

peeling off - qui se décolle

breaking through - de passer a travers

unhealthy - malsain, mauvais pour la santé

I tried to put on as unconcerned an air as possible, but I had not forgotten the warnings of the lady, even though I disregarded them, and I kept a keen eye upon my two companions. Ferguson appeared to be a morose and silent man, but I could see from the little that he said that he was at least a fellow-countryman.

unconcerned - indifférent; indifférence

disregarded - ignorée; mépris, ignorer, mépriser

countryman - citoyen, citoyenne, habitant, habitante, compatriote, campagnard

"Colonel Lysander Stark stopped at last before a low door, which he unlocked. Within was a small, square room, in which the three of us could hardly get at one time. Ferguson remained outside, and the colonel ushered me in.

ushered - huissier; ouvreur, escorte, garçon d'honneur, huissier, escorter

" ‘We are now,’ said he, ‘actually within the hydraulic press, and it would be a particularly unpleasant thing for us if anyone were to turn it on. The ceiling of this small chamber is really the end of the descending piston, and it comes down with the force of many tons upon this metal floor. There are small lateral columns of water outside which receive the force, and which transmit and multiply it in the manner which is familiar to you. The machine goes readily enough, but there is some stiffness in the working of it, and it has lost a little of its force. Perhaps you will have the goodness to look it over and to show us how we can set it right.

descending - descendant; descendre, descendre, descendre

piston - piston

tons - tonnes; tonne

lateral - latéral

transmit - transmettre (1, 2, 3, 4, 5), checkémettre (5)

multiply - se multiplier; multipliez, multiplions, multiplier, multiplient

stiffness - rigidité, raideur, inflexibilité

"I took the lamp from him, and I examined the machine very thoroughly. It was indeed a gigantic one, and capable of exercising enormous pressure. When I passed outside, however, and pressed down the levers which controlled it, I knew at once by the whishing sound that there was a slight leakage, which allowed a regurgitation of water through one of the side cylinders. An examination showed that one of the india-rubber bands which was round the head of a driving-rod had shrunk so as not quite to fill the socket along which it worked. This was clearly the cause of the loss of power, and I pointed it out to my companions, who followed my remarks very carefully and asked several practical questions as to how they should proceed to set it right.

pressed down - pressé

levers - leviers; levier

leakage - des fuites; ; fuite

regurgitation - régurgitation

cylinders - cylindres; cylindre, cylindre, cylindre, cylindre, cylindre

rod - tige, canne a peche, verges, bite; paf; pine; queue; vit; zob

shrunk - rétréci; se réduire, rétrécir, se resserrer, rétrécir

socket - la prise; ; prise, douille, orbite (for the eye), cavité

When I had made it clear to them, I returned to the main chamber of the machine and took a good look at it to satisfy my own curiosity. It was obvious at a glance that the story of the fuller’s-earth was the merest fabrication, for it would be absurd to suppose that so powerful an engine could be designed for so inadequate a purpose. The walls were of wood, but the floor consisted of a large iron trough, and when I came to examine it I could see a crust of metallic deposit all over it. I had stooped and was scraping at this to see exactly what it was when I heard a muttered exclamation in German and saw the cadaverous face of the colonel looking down at me.

fabrication - fabrication, fabulation

inadequate - inadéquate; ; inadéquat

crust - croute; ; croute, écorce

scraping - grattant; (scrap) grattant

cadaverous - cadavérique

" ‘What are you doing there?’ he asked.

"I felt angry at having been tricked by so elaborate a story as that which he had told me. ‘I was admiring your fuller’s-earth,’ said I; ‘I think that I should be better able to advise you as to your machine if I knew what the exact purpose was for which it was used.’

tricked - piégé; tour, tour, astuce, truc, rench: -neededr, pli, levée

"The instant that I uttered the words I regretted the rashness of my speech. His face set hard, and a baleful light sprang up in his grey eyes.

rashness - témérité, irréflexion

baleful - maléfique; ; sinistre

" ‘Very well,’ said he, ‘you shall know all about the machine.’ He took a step backward, slammed the little door, and turned the key in the lock. I rushed towards it and pulled at the handle, but it was quite secure, and did not give in the least to my kicks and shoves. ‘Hullo!’ I yelled. ‘Hullo! Colonel! Let me out!’

kicks - coups de pied; donner un coup de pied (a, dans)

shoves - poussées; enfoncer, pousser

"And then suddenly in the silence I heard a sound which sent my heart into my mouth. It was the clank of the levers and the swish of the leaking cylinder. He had set the engine at work. The lamp still stood upon the floor where I had placed it when examining the trough. By its light I saw that the black ceiling was coming down upon me, slowly, jerkily, but, as none knew better than myself, with a force which must within a minute grind me to a shapeless pulp. I threw myself, screaming, against the door, and dragged with my nails at the lock. I implored the colonel to let me out, but the remorseless clanking of the levers drowned my cries. The ceiling was only a foot or two above my head, and with my hand upraised I could feel its hard, rough surface. Then it flashed through my mind that the pain of my death would depend very much upon the position in which I met it. If I lay on my face the weight would come upon my spine, and I shuddered to think of that dreadful snap.

swish - swish; ; chic, doux, en vogue, lisse, bruisser

leaking - fuite; fuite, voie d'eau, fuite, fuite, taupe, fuir

cylinder - cylindre, bonbonne, cylindre phonographique, barillet

jerkily - par a-coups; ; par a-coups

grind - broyage; crisser, moudre

pulp - pulpe, (presse) a sensation

remorseless - sans remords

clanking - cliquetis; (clank) cliquetis

drowned - noyé; noyer

spine - la colonne vertébrale; ; colonne vertébrale, échine, dos, épine

shuddered - a tremblé; tremblement, frisson, frisson, frissonner, trembler

Easier the other way, perhaps; and yet, had I the nerve to lie and look up at that deadly black shadow wavering down upon me? Already I was unable to stand erect, when my eye caught something which brought a gush of hope back to my heart.

erect - en érection; fonder, érigeons, érigent, érigez, arborer, ériger

gush - jaillissement, jaillir

"I have said that though the floor and ceiling were of iron, the walls were of wood. As I gave a last hurried glance around, I saw a thin line of yellow light between two of the boards, which broadened and broadened as a small panel was pushed backward. For an instant I could hardly believe that here was indeed a door which led away from death.

The next instant I threw myself through, and lay half-fainting upon the other side. The panel had closed again behind me, but the crash of the lamp, and a few moments afterwards the clang of the two slabs of metal, told me how narrow had been my escape.

"I was recalled to myself by a frantic plucking at my wrist, and I found myself lying upon the stone floor of a narrow corridor, while a woman bent over me and tugged at me with her left hand, while she held a candle in her right. It was the same good friend whose warning I had so foolishly rejected.

frantic - éperdu, paniqué, frénétique

plucking - plumer; tirer, pincer, plumer, voler, abats-p, persévérance

foolishly - betement

rejected - rejetée; rejeter

" ‘Come! come!’ she cried breathlessly. ‘They will be here in a moment. They will see that you are not there. Oh, do not waste the so-precious time, but come!’

breathlessly - a bout de souffle

"This time, at least, I did not scorn her advice. I staggered to my feet and ran with her along the corridor and down a winding stair. The latter led to another broad passage, and just as we reached it we heard the sound of running feet and the shouting of two voices, one answering the other from the floor on which we were and from the one beneath.

scorn - mépriser, dédaigner, mépris, dédain

My guide stopped and looked about her like one who is at her wit’s end. Then she threw open a door which led into a bedroom, through the window of which the moon was shining brightly.

" ‘It is your only chance,’ said she. ‘It is high, but it may be that you can jump it.’

"As she spoke a light sprang into view at the further end of the passage, and I saw the lean figure of Colonel Lysander Stark rushing forward with a lantern in one hand and a weapon like a butcher’s cleaver in the other. I rushed across the bedroom, flung open the window, and looked out. How quiet and sweet and wholesome the garden looked in the moonlight, and it could not be more than thirty feet down.

rushing forward - qui se précipitent

butcher - boucher; boucher, charcutier, abattre; (butch); hommasse

wholesome - salubre, sain, vertueux

moonlight - le clair de lune; ; clair de lune, travailler au noir

I clambered out upon the sill, but I hesitated to jump until I should have heard what passed between my saviour and the ruffian who pursued me. If she were ill-used, then at any risks I was determined to go back to her assistance. The thought had hardly flashed through my mind before he was at the door, pushing his way past her; but she threw her arms round him and tried to hold him back.

clambered - escaladé; grimper

ruffian - ruffian; ; rufian, voyou, brute

risks - risques; risque, risque, risque, risque

" ‘Fritz! Fritz!’ she cried in English, ‘remember your promise after the last time. You said it should not be again. He will be silent! Oh, he will be silent!’

Fritz - fritz; Boche, chleuh, fritz, fridolin

" ‘You are mad, Elise!’ he shouted, struggling to break away from her. ‘You will be the ruin of us. He has seen too much. Let me pass, I say!’ He dashed her to one side, and, rushing to the window, cut at me with his heavy weapon. I had let myself go, and was hanging by the hands to the sill, when his blow fell. I was conscious of a dull pain, my grip loosened, and I fell into the garden below.

break away - se détacher

conscious - conscient

loosened - desserré; desserrer

"I was shaken but not hurt by the fall; so I picked myself up and rushed off among the bushes as hard as I could run, for I understood that I was far from being out of danger yet. Suddenly, however, as I ran, a deadly dizziness and sickness came over me. I glanced down at my hand, which was throbbing painfully, and then, for the first time, saw that my thumb had been cut off and that the blood was pouring from my wound.

dizziness - des vertiges; ; vertige, défaillance

throbbing - des palpitations; (throb); battre, palpiter, vibrer, résonner

painfully - douloureusement

I endeavoured to tie my handkerchief round it, but there came a sudden buzzing in my ears, and next moment I fell in a dead faint among the rose-bushes.

buzzing - bourdonnement, vrombissement; (buzz); coup de fil, bourdonner

"How long I remained unconscious I cannot tell. It must have been a very long time, for the moon had sunk, and a bright morning was breaking when I came to myself. My clothes were all sodden with dew, and my coat-sleeve was drenched with blood from my wounded thumb. The smarting of it recalled in an instant all the particulars of my night’s adventure, and I sprang to my feet with the feeling that I might hardly yet be safe from my pursuers.

dew - rosée; rosée

smarting - intelligent; élégant

pursuers - poursuivants; poursuivant

But to my astonishment, when I came to look round me, neither house nor garden were to be seen. I had been lying in an angle of the hedge close by the highroad, and just a little lower down was a long building, which proved, upon my approaching it, to be the very station at which I had arrived upon the previous night. Were it not for the ugly wound upon my hand, all that had passed during those dreadful hours might have been an evil dream.

look round - regarder autour

ugly - laid, moche, vilain

"Half dazed, I went into the station and asked about the morning train. There would be one to Reading in less than an hour. The same porter was on duty, I found, as had been there when I arrived. I inquired of him whether he had ever heard of Colonel Lysander Stark.

The name was strange to him. Had he observed a carriage the night before waiting for me? No, he had not. Was there a police-station anywhere near? There was one about three miles off.