innocence - l'innocence, innocence, candeur

Book I


On a January evening of the early seventies, Christine Nilsson was singing in Faust at the Academy of Music in New York.

Academy - académie

York - york, Yorck, Yorque

Though there was already talk of the erection, in remote metropolitan distances "above the Forties," of a new Opera House which should compete in costliness and splendour with those of the great European capitals, the world of fashion was still content to reassemble every winter in the shabby red and gold boxes of the sociable old Academy.

erection - érection, bandaison

metropolitan - métropolitain, urbain

opera - l'opéra, opéra, (opus) l'opéra

costliness - le cout

splendour - splendeur

content - contenu, satisfait, contentement

reassemble - réassembler, rassembler

shabby - râpé, usé, élimé, miteux, minable

sociable - sociable

Conservatives cherished it for being small and inconvenient, and thus keeping out the "new people" whom New York was beginning to dread and yet be drawn to; and the sentimental clung to it for its historic associations, and the musical for its excellent acoustics, always so problematic a quality in halls built for the hearing of music.

Conservatives - les conservateurs, conservateur, conservatrice

cherished - chérie, chérir, tenir

inconvenient - genant

thus - donc, ainsi, tellement, pour cette raison, également

dread - peur, redouter, craindre, crainte

clung - s'est accroché, s'accrocher (a)

associations - associations, association

acoustics - l'acoustique, acoustique

problematic - problématique, rench: t-needed r

It was Madame Nilsson's first appearance that winter, and what the daily press had already learned to describe as "an exceptionally brilliant audience" had gathered to hear her, transported through the slippery, snowy streets in private broughams, in the spacious family landau, or in the humbler but more convenient "Brown coupe.

daily press - la presse quotidienne

exceptionally - exceptionnellement

slippery - glissant

snowy - enneigée, neigeux

spacious - spacieux, ample, grand, logeable

landau - landau

humbler - plus humble, (humble) plus humble

coupe - coupé

" To come to the Opera in a Brown coupe was almost as honourable a way of arriving as in one's own carriage; and departure by the same means had the immense advantage of enabling one (with a playful allusion to democratic principles) to scramble into the first Brown conveyance in the line, instead of waiting till the cold-and-gin congested nose of one's own coachman gleamed under the portico of the Academy. It was one of the great livery-stableman's most masterly intuitions to have discovered that Americans want to get away from amusement even more quickly than they want to get to it.

honourable - honorable

carriage - transport, rench: t-needed r, carrosse, port, chariot

immense - immense

enabling - habilitant, autoriser, permettre, activer

playful - ludique, folâtre, enjoué, joueur

allusion - allusion

democratic - démocratique

principles - principes, principe

scramble - brouiller, faire de l'escalade, bousculade, interception

gin - gin

coachman - cocher

gleamed - brillait, luire

portico - portique

livery - la livrée

most masterly - le plus magistral

intuitions - des intuitions, intuition

amusement - l'amusement, amusement

When Newland Archer opened the door at the back of the club box the curtain had just gone up on the garden scene.

Archer - archer, archer/-ere, (arch) archer

There was no reason why the young man should not have come earlier, for he had dined at seven, alone with his mother and sister, and had lingered afterward over a cigar in the Gothic library with glazed black-walnut bookcases and finial-topped chairs which was the only room in the house where Mrs. Archer allowed smoking.

dined - dîné, vacarme

lingered - s'est attardé, s'installer, stagner, s'incruster, s'éteindre

afterward - apres

cigar - cigare

Gothic - gotique, gothique

glazed - vitrifié, glaçure, émail, glacis, glaçage, givre

walnut - noyer, noix

bookcases - bibliotheques, bibliotheque

finial - l'épi de faîtage, fleuron, épi de faîtage, poinçon

But, in the first place, New York was a metropolis, and perfectly aware that in metropolises it was "not the thing" to arrive early at the opera; and what was or was not "the thing" played a part as important in Newland Archer's New York as the inscrutable totem terrors that had ruled the destinies of his forefathers thousands of years ago.

metropolises - les métropoles, métropole

inscrutable - impénétrable

totem - totem

terrors - terreurs, terreur, effroi, terrorisme

destinies - destins, destin

forefathers - les ancetres, aieul, ancetre

The second reason for his delay was a personal one. He had dawdled over his cigar because he was at heart a dilettante, and thinking over a pleasure to come often gave him a subtler satisfaction than its realisation.

delay - délai, ajourner, décélération, surseoir, retard, retarder

dawdled - traîné, flâner, lambiner, musarder

dilettante - dilettante

subtler - plus subtil, subtil, délicat, astucieux

satisfaction - satisfaction

realisation - accomplissement

This was especially the case when the pleasure was a delicate one, as his pleasures mostly were; and on this occasion the moment he looked forward to was so rare and exquisite in quality that"well, if he had timed his arrival in accord with the prima donna's stage-manager he could not have entered the Academy at a more significant moment than just as she was singing: "He loves me"he loves me not"HE LOVES ME!"" and sprinkling the falling daisy petals with notes as clear as dew.

delicate - délicate, délicat, délicat (1, 2)

exquisite - exquis

accord - accord, entente, accorder

Prima - prima, danseuse étoile

donna - Donna

significant - significative, significatif

sprinkling - l'aspersion, (sprinkle), saupoudrer, asperger

daisy - pâquerette, marguerite

petals - pétales, pétale

dew - rosée

She sang, of course, "M'ama!" and not "he loves me," since an unalterable and unquestioned law of the musical world required that the German text of French operas sung by Swedish artists should be translated into Italian for the clearer understanding of English-speaking audiences.

unalterable - inaltérable

unquestioned - incontesté

German - Allemand, Allemande, Germain, Germaine

Operas - des opéras, opéra

Swedish - suédois

This seemed as natural to Newland Archer as all the other conventions on which his life was moulded: such as the duty of using two silver-backed brushes with his monogram in blue enamel to part his hair, and of never appearing in society without a flower (preferably a gardenia) in his buttonhole.

conventions - conventions, convention

moulded - moulé, terreau, humus

monogram - monogramme

enamel - l'émail, vernir, émailler

preferably - de préférence

gardenia - gardénia

buttonhole - boutonniere, boutonniere, tenir la jambe

"M'ama ... non m'ama ..." the prima donna sang, and "M'ama!", with a final burst of love triumphant, as she pressed the dishevelled daisy to her lips and lifted her large eyes to the sophisticated countenance of the little brown Faust-Capoul, who was vainly trying, in a tight purple velvet doublet and plumed cap, to look as pure and true as his artless victim.

non - non

burst - l'éclatement, éclater, faire éclater, rompre, briser

triumphant - triomphant, triomphal

countenance - visage, approuver

vainly - vainement

velvet - du velours, velours, duvet (on skin), velours (on antlers)

doublet - doublet

plumed - plume, prune

pure - pure, pur, pudique

artless - sans art

Newland Archer, leaning against the wall at the back of the club box, turned his eyes from the stage and scanned the opposite side of the house. Directly facing him was the box of old Mrs. Manson Mingott, whose monstrous obesity had long since made it impossible for her to attend the Opera, but who was always represented on fashionable nights by some of the younger members of the family.

leaning - penchant, adossant, (lean) penchant

monstrous - monstrueux

obesity - l'obésité, obésité

On this occasion, the front of the box was filled by her daughter-in-law, Mrs. Lovell Mingott, and her daughter, Mrs. Welland; and slightly withdrawn behind these brocaded matrons sat a young girl in white with eyes ecstatically fixed on the stagelovers. As Madame Nilsson's "M'ama!

withdrawn - retiré, (se) retirer

brocaded - broché, brocart, brocher

matrons - matrones, infirmier/-iere en chef

ecstatically - de façon extatique

stagelovers - Les amoureux de l'étape

" thrilled out above the silent house (the boxes always stopped talking during the Daisy Song) a warm pink mounted to the girl's cheek, mantled her brow to the roots of her fair braids, and suffused the young slope of her breast to the line where it met a modest tulle tucker fastened with a single gardenia.

thrilled - ravie, exciter

mounted - monté, monter

cheek - joue, fesse, culot, toupet, potence de bringuebale

mantled - mantled, manteau, les renes, manchon

brow - sourcils, andouiller d'oil, maître andouiller

roots - des racines, racine

braids - tresses, tresser

slope - pente, inclinaison

breast - sein, poitrine, cour, poitrail, blanc

modest - modeste, (mod)

tulle - tulle

tucker - tucker

She dropped her eyes to the immense bouquet of lilies-of-the-valley on her knee, and Newland Archer saw her white-gloved finger-tips touch the flowers softly. He drew a breath of satisfied vanity and his eyes returned to the stage.

bouquet - bouquet

lilies - des lys, lys

finger-tips - (finger-tips) le bout des doigts

softly - en douceur, doucement

satisfied - satisfaits, satisfaire

vanity - la vanité, vanité

No expense had been spared on the setting, which was acknowledged to be very beautiful even by people who shared his acquaintance with the Opera houses of Paris and Vienna. The foreground, to the footlights, was covered with emerald green cloth.

expense - dépenses, dépense

spared - épargnée, espar

acknowledged - reconnu, reconnaître, accuser réception, certifier

acquaintance - une connaissance, relation

Vienna - Vienne

foreground - au premier plan, premier plan, avantlan

footlights - les projecteurs, feux de la rampe-p

emerald green - vert émeraude

In the middle distance symmetrical mounds of woolly green moss bounded by croquet hoops formed the base of shrubs shaped like orange-trees but studded with large pink and red roses.

symmetrical - symétrique

mounds - monticules, butte, monticule, tertre, butter

woolly - cotonneux, laineuxse

moss - mousse

croquet - le croquet, croquet

hoops - des cerceaux, cerceau

shrubs - des arbustes, arbuste

studded - clouté, écurie

roses - des roses, Rose

Gigantic pansies, considerably larger than the roses, and closely resembling the floral pen-wipers made by female parishioners for fashionable clergymen, sprang from the moss beneath the rose-trees; and here and there a daisy grafted on a rose-branch flowered with a luxuriance prophetic of Mr. Luther Burbank's far-off prodigies.

gigantic - gigantesque, colossal

pansies - des pensées, pensée, mauve, indigo, fiotte

Considerably - considérablement, largement

closely - de pres, étroitement, pres

resembling - ressemblant, ressembler

floral - floral

parishioners - paroissiens, paroissien, paroissienne

clergymen - des ecclésiastiques, pretre, clerc

beneath - dessous

grafted - greffé, greffer

luxuriance - la luxuriance

prophetic - prophétique

prodigies - des prodiges, présage, augure, auspices, prodige, prodigie

In the centre of this enchanted garden Madame Nilsson, in white cashmere slashed with pale blue satin, a reticule dangling from a blue girdle, and large yellow braids carefully disposed on each side of her muslin chemisette, listened with downcast eyes to M.

enchanted - enchantée, enchanter

cashmere - du cachemire, cachemire

slashed - tailladé, taillader

satin - satin, satiné

reticule - réticule

dangling - pendante, ballant, (dangle), pendre, pendouiller

girdle - gaine, corset, ceinture

disposed - disposé, débarrasser

muslin - mousseline

chemisette - chemisette

Capoul's impassioned wooing, and affected a guileless incomprehension of his designs whenever, by word or glance, he persuasively indicated the ground floor window of the neat brick villa projecting obliquely from the right wing.

wooing - courtiser, (woo) courtiser

guileless - sans ruse, candide

incomprehension - l'incompréhension, incompréhension

by word - par mot

glance - regard, jeter un coup d’oil

persuasively - de maniere convaincante

neat - soigné, parure

brick - brique, soutien, rouge brique, en brique, briquer

villa - villa

obliquely - de maniere indirecte

"The darling!" thought Newland Archer, his glance flitting back to the young girl with the lilies-of-the-valley. "She doesn't even guess what it's all about." And he contemplated her absorbed young face with a thrill of possessorship in which pride in his own masculine initiation was mingled with a tender reverence for her abysmal purity. "We'll read Faust together ... by the Italian lakes ...

darling - chéri, chérie

flitting - flottement, (flit), voltiger, voleter, papillonner, virevolter

contemplated - envisagée, envisager, étudier, contempler

absorbed - absorbé, absorber, éponger

thrill - l'excitation, exciter

possessorship - la possession

pride - l'orgueil, orgueil, fierté

masculine - masculin

initiation - l'initiation, initiation

mingled - mélangés, mélanger

tender - l'appel d'offres, doux, adjudication, affectieux

reverence - révérence

abysmal - abyssal, épouvantable, terrible, exécrable

purity - la pureté, pureté

" he thought, somewhat hazily confusing the scene of his projected honey-moon with the masterpieces of literature which it would be his manly privilege to reveal to his bride.

somewhat - en quelque sorte, assez, quelque peu

hazily - brumeux

honey - chérie, miel

masterpieces - des chefs-d'ouvre, chef-d'ouvre

manly - viril

privilege - privilege, privilege, privilégier

reveal - révéler, laisser voir

It was only that afternoon that May Welland had let him guess that she "cared" (New York's consecrated phrase of maiden avowal), and already his imagination, leaping ahead of the engagement ring, the betrothal kiss and the march from Lohengrin, pictured her at his side in some scene of old European witchery.

consecrated - consacré, consacrer

maiden - jeune fille, jeune femme, demoiselle, pucelle, vierge

imagination - l'imagination, imagination

leaping - sauter, bondir

engagement - l'engagement, fiançailles

ring - anneau, cerne, ring, tinter

betrothal - les fiançailles, accordailles, fiançailles

witchery - sorcellerie

He did not in the least wish the future Mrs. Newland Archer to be a simpleton. He meant her (thanks to his enlightening companionship) to develop a social tact and readiness of wit enabling her to hold her own with the most popular married women of the "younger set," in which it was the recognised custom to attract masculine homage while playfully discouraging it.

simpleton - simplet, nigaud, niais, naif

enlightening - éclairant, éclairer, informer

tact - tact

readiness - l'état de préparation, préparation

wit - wit, esprit

homage - hommage

playfully - de façon ludique

discouraging - décourageant, décourager, dissuader

If he had probed to the bottom of his vanity (as he sometimes nearly did) he would have found there the wish that his wife should be as worldly-wise and as eager to please as the married lady whose charms had held his fancy through two mildly agitated years; without, of course, any hint of the frailty which had so nearly marred that unhappy being's life, and had disarranged his own plans for a whole winter.

probed - sondé, sonde, explorateur, perche

worldly - laique

wise - sage, sensé, genre, raisonnable

eager - enthousiaste, désireux

charms - des breloques, charme

mildly - légerement

hint - indice, indication, soupçon, faire allusion

frailty - fragilité

marred - marqués, gâter

disarranged - désorganisé, déranger

How this miracle of fire and ice was to be created, and to sustain itself in a harsh world, he had never taken the time to think out; but he was content to hold his view without analysing it, since he knew it was that of all the carefully-brushed, white-waistcoated, button-hole-flowered gentlemen who succeeded each other in the club box, exchanged friendly greetings with him, and turned their opera-glasses critically on the circle of ladies who were the product of the system. In matters intellectual and artistic Newland Archer felt himself distinctly the superior of these chosen specimens of old New York gentility; he had probably read more, thought more, and even seen a good deal more of the world, than any other man of the number. Singly they betrayed their inferiority; but grouped together they represented "New York," and the habit of masculine solidarity made him accept their doctrine on all the issues called moral. He instinctively felt that in this respect it would be troublesome"and also rather bad form"to strike out for himself.

miracle - miracle

sustain - soutenir, maintenir, subvenir

harsh - sévere, sévere, rude, cruel, dur, checkdure

think out - Réfléchir

waistcoated - enrobé, gilet

greetings - salutations, salutation, salut

critically - de maniere critique

intellectual - intellectuel, intellectuelle, intello

artistic - artistique

distinctly - distinctement

superior - supérieur

specimens - spécimens, spécimen, exemple

singly - un a un

betrayed - trahi, trahir, livrer

inferiority - l'infériorité, infériorité

solidarity - la solidarité, solidarité

doctrine - doctrine

moral - moral, moralité, morale

troublesome - genants

strike out - faire un strike out

"Well"upon my soul!" exclaimed Lawrence Lefferts, turning his opera-glass abruptly away from the stage. Lawrence Lefferts was, on the whole, the foremost authority on "form" in New York. He had probably devoted more time than any one else to the study of this intricate and fascinating question; but study alone could not account for his complete and easy competence.

soul - âme

exclaimed - s'est exclamé, exclamer

abruptly - brusquement, abruptement, tout d'un coup, précipitamment

foremost - avant tout

devoted - dévouée, consacrer, vouer

intricate - complexe

competence - compétence

One had only to look at him, from the slant of his bald forehead and the curve of his beautiful fair moustache to the long patent-leather feet at the other end of his lean and elegant person, to feel that the knowledge of "form" must be congenital in any one who knew how to wear such good clothes so carelessly and carry such height with so much lounging grace.

slant - inclinaison, biais, connotation, bridé

bald - chauve, lisse

forehead - front

curve - courbe, courbes, courber

moustache - moustache, bacchante

patent-leather - (patent-leather) du cuir verni

lean - maigre, adossons, adossent, appuyer, adossez

congenital - congénitale

carelessly - négligemment

lounging - se prélasser, (lounge), salle d'attente, salon

grace - bénédicité, grâces, grâce, miséricorde

As a young admirer had once said of him: "If anybody can tell a fellow just when to wear a black tie with evening clothes and when not to, it's Larry Lefferts." And on the question of pumps versus patent-leather "Oxfords" his authority had never been disputed.

admirer - admirateur, admiratrice

fellow - un camarade, ensemble, mâle

pumps - pompes, pompe

versus - versus

patent - brevet

Oxfords - des chaussures de sport, Oxford

disputed - contestée, dispute, litige, discuter, argumenter

"My God!" he said; and silently handed his glass to old Sillerton Jackson.

silently - en silence, silencieusement

Newland Archer, following Lefferts's glance, saw with surprise that his exclamation had been occasioned by the entry of a new figure into old Mrs. Mingott's box. It was that of a slim young woman, a little less tall than May Welland, with brown hair growing in close curls about her temples and held in place by a narrow band of diamonds.

exclamation - exclamation

slim - mince, svelte, maigrir, mincir

curls - boucles, boucle, rotationnel, boucler

temples - temples, temple

The suggestion of this headdress, which gave her what was then called a "Josephine look," was carried out in the cut of the dark blue velvet gown rather theatrically caught up under her bosom by a girdle with a large old-fashioned clasp. The wearer of this unusual dress, who seemed quite unconscious of the attention it was attracting, stood a moment in the centre of the box, discussing with Mrs.

headdress - coiffure, couvre-chef

theatrically - en salle

bosom - poitrine, sein, intime

clasp - fermoir, serrer

wearer - support

unconscious - inconscient, subconscient

Welland the propriety of taking the latter's place in the front right-hand corner; then she yielded with a slight smile, and seated herself in line with Mrs. Welland's sister-in-law, Mrs. Lovell Mingott, who was installed in the opposite corner.

propriety - la bienséance, décence, correction, bienséance, convenances

yielded - cédé, céder

Slight - insignifiant, léger

installed - installée, installer

Mr. Sillerton Jackson had returned the opera-glass to Lawrence Lefferts. The whole of the club turned instinctively, waiting to hear what the old man had to say; for old Mr. Jackson was as great an authority on "family" as Lawrence Lefferts was on "form.

" He knew all the ramifications of New York's cousinships; and could not only elucidate such complicated questions as that of the connection between the Mingotts (through the Thorleys) with the Dallases of South Carolina, and that of the relationship of the elder branch of Philadelphia Thorleys to the Albany Chiverses (on no account to be confused with the Manson Chiverses of University Place), but could also enumerate the leading characteristics of each family: as, for instance, the fabulous stinginess of the younger lines of Leffertses (the Long Island ones); or the fatal tendency of the Rushworths to make foolish matches; or the insanity recurring in every second generation of the Albany Chiverses, with whom their New York cousins had always refused to intermarry"with the disastrous exception of poor Medora Manson, who, as everybody knew ... but then her mother was a Rushworth.

ramifications - conséquences, ramification

elucidate - élucider, expliquer

complicated - compliqué, compliquer

Philadelphia - philadelphie

enumerate - énumérer, énoncer, dénombrer

characteristics - caractéristiques, caractéristique

instance - instance

Fabulous - fabuleux

stinginess - l'avarice, radinerie

fatal - fatale, fatal

tendency - tendance

foolish - sot, stupide, bete, idiot

insanity - la folie, folie

recurring - récurrente, se reproduire

refused - refusé, refuser de

intermarry - se marier, (se) marier (entre soi)

disastrous - désastreux

exception - exception

In addition to this forest of family trees, Mr. Sillerton Jackson carried between his narrow hollow temples, and under his soft thatch of silver hair, a register of most of the scandals and mysteries that had smouldered under the unruffled surface of New York society within the last fifty years.

hollow - creux, cavez, caver, cavent, cavons

thatch - le chaume, chaume

register - s'inscrire, registre, inscription, niveau de langue

scandals - des scandales, scandale, esclandre

smouldered - couvé, couver

So far indeed did his information extend, and so acutely retentive was his memory, that he was supposed to be the only man who could have told you who Julius Beaufort, the banker, really was, and what had become of handsome Bob Spicer, old Mrs.

extend - étendre, prolonger

acutely - avec acuité

retentive - réticents

banker - banquier

handsome - beau

Bob - bob, monter et descendre (sur place)

Manson Mingott's father, who had disappeared so mysteriously (with a large sum of trust money) less than a year after his marriage, on the very day that a beautiful Spanish dancer who had been delighting thronged audiences in the old Opera-house on the Battery had taken ship for Cuba. But these mysteries, and many others, were closely locked in Mr.

sum - somme

trust - confiance, trust, faire confiance, avoir foi en quelqu’un

Spanish - espagnol, castillan

delighting - ravissant, plaisir, délice, joie, enchanter, ravir

thronged - se pressent, essaim, foule

Jackson's breast; for not only did his keen sense of honour forbid his repeating anything privately imparted, but he was fully aware that his reputation for discretion increased his opportunities of finding out what he wanted to know.

sense of honour - le sens de l'honneur

forbid - interdire, nier, dénier

privately - en privé

imparted - transmis, donner, communiquer, transmettre

fully - pleinement, entierement, completement

reputation - réputation, renommée (more slang)

discretion - discrétion

The club box, therefore, waited in visible suspense while Mr. Sillerton Jackson handed back Lawrence Lefferts's opera-glass. For a moment he silently scrutinised the attentive group out of his filmy blue eyes overhung by old veined lids; then he gave his moustache a thoughtful twist, and said simply: "I didn't think the Mingotts would have tried it on."

visible - visible

suspense - suspension, suspense, angoisse, anxiété, appréhension

attentive - attentif

filmy - filmique

overhung - en surplomb, surplomber, surplomb

veined - veiné, veine

lids - couvercles, couvercle

thoughtful - réfléchie, réfléchi, attentionné

twist - twist, torsion, entortiller, tordre


Newland Archer, during this brief episode, had been thrown into a strange state of embarrassment.

brief - bref, court

embarrassment - de l'embarras, embarras, (etre la) honte (de)

It was annoying that the box which was thus attracting the undivided attention of masculine New York should be that in which his betrothed was seated between her mother and aunt; and for a moment he could not identify the lady in the Empire dress, nor imagine why her presence created such excitement among the initiated. Then light dawned on him, and with it came a momentary rush of indignation.

undivided - indivis

betrothed - fiancés, fiancé, fiancée, (betroth), fiancer

Empire - l'empire, empire

presence - présence

initiated - initié, commencer, démarrer, initier

dawned - s'est levé, se lever, naître, aube, lever du soleil

momentary - momentanée

rush - rush, ruée, affluence, gazer, galoper, bousculer

indignation - l'indignation, indignation

No, indeed; no one would have thought the Mingotts would have tried it on!

But they had; they undoubtedly had; for the low-toned comments behind him left no doubt in Archer's mind that the young woman was May Welland's cousin, the cousin always referred to in the family as "poor Ellen Olenska.

Undoubtedly - sans doute

toned - tonique, ton

" Archer knew that she had suddenly arrived from Europe a day or two previously; he had even heard from Miss Welland (not disapprovingly) that she had been to see poor Ellen, who was staying with old Mrs. Mingott.

disapprovingly - avec désapprobation

Archer entirely approved of family solidarity, and one of the qualities he most admired in the Mingotts was their resolute championship of the few black sheep that their blameless stock had produced.

entirely - entierement, entierement, entierement (1)

approved - approuvée, approuver

resolute - résolu, résolue, ferme, déterminé

championship - championnat, champion, championne

blameless - irréprochable

stock - stock, provision, stockage

There was nothing mean or ungenerous in the young man's heart, and he was glad that his future wife should not be restrained by false prudery from being kind (in private) to her unhappy cousin; but to receive Countess Olenska in the family circle was a different thing from producing her in public, at the Opera of all places, and in the very box with the young girl whose engagement to him, Newland Archer, was to be announced within a few weeks. No, he felt as old Sillerton Jackson felt; he did not think the Mingotts would have tried it on!

ungenerous - sans générosité

restrained - retenue, (se) contenir/retenir

Countess - comtesse

family circle - le cercle familial

He knew, of course, that whatever man dared (within Fifth Avenue's limits) that old Mrs. Manson Mingott, the Matriarch of the line, would dare.

dared - osé, oser

avenue - avenue

Matriarch - matriarche (1)

He had always admired the high and mighty old lady, who, in spite of having been only Catherine Spicer of Staten Island, with a father mysteriously discredited, and neither money nor position enough to make people forget it, had allied herself with the head of the wealthy Mingott line, married two of her daughters to "foreigners" (an Italian marquis and an English banker), and put the crowning touch to her audacities by building a large house of pale cream-coloured stone (when brown sandstone seemed as much the only wear as a frock-coat in the afternoon) in an inaccessible wilderness near the Central Park.

mighty - puissant

spite - dépit, rancune

Catherine - catherine

discredited - discrédité, discréditer, discrédit

allied - alliés, s'allier (a, avec)

wealthy - riches, riche, nanti

foreigners - étrangers, étranger, étrangere

crowning - couronnement, (crown) couronnement

audacities - des audaces, audace, toupet, culot

sandstone - gres, gres

frock-coat - (frock-coat) redingote

inaccessible - inaccessible

wilderness - la nature sauvage, désert, naturalité, nature sauvage

Old Mrs. Mingott's foreign daughters had become a legend. They never came back to see their mother, and the latter being, like many persons of active mind and dominating will, sedentary and corpulent in her habit, had philosophically remained at home.

legend - légende

sedentary - sédentaire

corpulent - corpulent

philosophically - sur le plan philosophique, philosophiquement

But the cream-coloured house (supposed to be modelled on the private hotels of the Parisian aristocracy) was there as a visible proof of her moral courage; and she throned in it, among pre-Revolutionary furniture and souvenirs of the Tuileries of Louis Napoleon (where she had shone in her middle age), as placidly as if there were nothing peculiar in living above Thirty-fourth Street, or in having French windows that opened like doors instead of sashes that pushed up.

Parisian - Parisien, Parisienne

aristocracy - l'aristocratie, aristocratie

Proof - la preuve, preuve, épreuve

moral courage - le courage moral

throned - trôné, trône

pre - pré

revolutionary - révolutionnaire

souvenirs - des souvenirs, souvenir

placidly - placidement

peculiar - particulier, extraordinaire, bizarre, curieux

sashes - des écharpes, ceinture (d'étoffe), écharpe

Every one (including Mr. Sillerton Jackson) was agreed that old Catherine had never had beauty"a gift which, in the eyes of New York, justified every success, and excused a certain number of failings.

justified - justifiée, justifier

excused - excusé, excuser, pardonner, justifier

Unkind people said that, like her Imperial namesake, she had won her way to success by strength of will and hardness of heart, and a kind of haughty effrontery that was somehow justified by the extreme decency and dignity of her private life. Mr.

unkind - pas aimable, déplaisant

Imperial - impérial, royal

namesake - homonyme

hardness - dureté

haughty - hautain, suffisant

effrontery - effronterie

somehow - d'une maniere ou d'une autre

decency - la décence, décence

dignity - dignité, forme, rang

Manson Mingott had died when she was only twenty-eight, and had "tied up" the money with an additional caution born of the general distrust of the Spicers; but his bold young widow went her way fearlessly, mingled freely in foreign society, married her daughters in heaven knew what corrupt and fashionable circles, hobnobbed with Dukes and Ambassadors, associated familiarly with Papists, entertained Opera singers, and was the intimate friend of Mme. Taglioni; and all the while (as Sillerton Jackson was the first to proclaim) there had never been a breath on her reputation; the only respect, he always added, in which she differed from the earlier Catherine.

additional - supplémentaires, additionnel

caution - prudence, admonition, checkavertissement, checkmise en garde

distrust - défiance, méfiance, se méfier

bold - audacieux, gros, épais

widow - veuve

fearlessly - sans crainte

freely - librement

Heaven - le paradis, ciel, paradis, au-dela, cieux

corrupt - corrompu, dévoyé, corrompre

Dukes - dukes, duc

ambassadors - ambassadeurs, ambassadeur, ambassadrice

associated - associés, fréquenter, associer

familiarly - familierement

Papists - papistes, papiste

intimate - intime

Taglioni - taglioni

proclaim - proclamer, déclarer

differed - différaient, différer (de)

Mrs. Manson Mingott had long since succeeded in untying her husband's fortune, and had lived in affluence for half a century; but memories of her early straits had made her excessively thrifty, and though, when she bought a dress or a piece of furniture, she took care that it should be of the best, she could not bring herself to spend much on the transient pleasures of the table.

untying - le détachement, détacher, délier

Fortune - la fortune, destin, bonne chance, fortune

affluence - l'opulence, opulence

straits - de l'eau, détroit

excessively - de maniere excessive, excessivement, bien trop (much too...)

thrifty - économe

transient - passager, provisoire, transitoire, temporaire, bref

Therefore, for totally different reasons, her food was as poor as Mrs. Archer's, and her wines did nothing to redeem it.

redeem - racheter, libérer, secourir, soulager, liquider, réparer

Her relatives considered that the penury of her table discredited the Mingott name, which had always been associated with good living; but people continued to come to her in spite of the "made dishes" and flat champagne, and in reply to the remonstrances of her son Lovell (who tried to retrieve the family credit by having the best chef in New York) she used to say laughingly: "What's the use of two good cooks in one family, now that I've married the girls and can't eat sauces?"

penury - pénurie

good living - bien vivre

champagne - du champagne, Champagne

retrieve - récupérer, retrouver

laughingly - en riant

Newland Archer, as he mused on these things, had once more turned his eyes toward the Mingott box. He saw that Mrs.

mused - a réfléchi, muse

toward - vers, envers, pour, pres de

Welland and her sister-in-law were facing their semicircle of critics with the Mingottian APLOMB which old Catherine had inculcated in all her tribe, and that only May Welland betrayed, by a heightened colour (perhaps due to the knowledge that he was watching her) a sense of the gravity of the situation.

semicircle - demi-cercle

critics - critiques, critique, critique (1-3), fr

inculcated - inculqué, inculquer

tribe - tribu

heightened - renforcée, hausser

gravity - la gravité, gravité, pesanteur

As for the cause of the commotion, she sat gracefully in her corner of the box, her eyes fixed on the stage, and revealing, as she leaned forward, a little more shoulder and bosom than New York was accustomed to seeing, at least in ladies who had reasons for wishing to pass unnoticed.

gracefully - gracieusement

leaned - penché, pencher

accustomed - habitué, accoutumer

unnoticed - inaperçue

Few things seemed to Newland Archer more awful than an offence against "Taste," that far-off divinity of whom "Form" was the mere visible representative and vicegerent. Madame Olenska's pale and serious face appealed to his fancy as suited to the occasion and to her unhappy situation; but the way her dress (which had no tucker) sloped away from her thin shoulders shocked and troubled him.

offence - offense, insulte

divinity - la divinité, déité, divinité

mere - simple

representative - typique, représentatif, représentant, représentante, délégué

vicegerent - vice-gérant

appealed - a fait l'objet d'un appel, en appeler (a), supplier

sloped - en pente, pente, inclinaison

shocked - choqué, choc

He hated to think of May Welland's being exposed to the influence of a young woman so careless of the dictates of Taste.

exposed - exposée, exposer, dénoncer

dictates - dicte, dicter

"After all," he heard one of the younger men begin behind him (everybody talked through the Mephistopheles-and-Martha scenes), "after all, just WHAT happened?"

"Well"she left him; nobody attempts to deny that."

attempts - tentatives, tenter, essayer, tentative, attentat

deny - refuser

"He's an awful brute, isn't he?" continued the young enquirer, a candid Thorley, who was evidently preparing to enter the lists as the lady's champion.

brute - brute, bete, brutal

enquirer - enqueteur

candid - sincere, spontané, candide

evidently - évidemment, de toute évidence, manifestement

"The very worst; I knew him at Nice," said Lawrence Lefferts with authority. "A half-paralysed white sneering fellow"rather handsome head, but eyes with a lot of lashes. Well, I'll tell you the sort: when he wasn't with women he was collecting china. Paying any price for both, I understand."

paralysed - paralysé, paralyser

sneering - ricaner, ricaneur, gouailleur, (sneer)

lashes - cils, cil

wasn - n'était

There was a general laugh, and the young champion said: "Well, then""?"

"Well, then; she bolted with his secretary."

bolted - boulonné, verrou

"Oh, I see." The champion's face fell.

"It didn't last long, though: I heard of her a few months later living alone in Venice. I believe Lovell Mingott went out to get her. He said she was desperately unhappy. That's all right"but this parading her at the Opera's another thing."

Venice - venise

desperately - désespérément

That's all right - C'est d'accord

parading - défiler, défilé

"Perhaps," young Thorley hazarded, "she's too unhappy to be left at home."

hazarded - en danger, hasard, danger, tenter, hasarder

This was greeted with an irreverent laugh, and the youth blushed deeply, and tried to look as if he had meant to insinuate what knowing people called a "double entendre."

irreverent - irrévérencieux

blushed - rougi, rougeur

deeply - profondément

insinuate - insinuer

"Well"it's queer to have brought Miss Welland, anyhow," some one said in a low tone, with a side-glance at Archer.

queer - pédé, étrange, bizarre

anyhow - d'une maniere ou d'une autre, de toute maniere

tone - ton, tonalité, tonale

side-glance - (side-glance) un regard de côté

"Oh, that's part of the campaign: Granny's orders, no doubt," Lefferts laughed. "When the old lady does a thing she does it thoroughly."

granny - grand-mere, mémere, grand-maman

thoroughly - a fond, absolument, completement

The act was ending, and there was a general stir in the box. Suddenly Newland Archer felt himself impelled to decisive action. The desire to be the first man to enter Mrs.

stir - remuer, affecter

impelled - poussé, motiver, inciter, pousser, propulser, éjecter

decisive - décisif

desire - désirer, désir

Mingott's box, to proclaim to the waiting world his engagement to May Welland, and to see her through whatever difficulties her cousin's anomalous situation might involve her in; this impulse had abruptly overruled all scruples and hesitations, and sent him hurrying through the red corridors to the farther side of the house.

anomalous - anormal

impulse - impulsion

overruled - annulée, annuler, rejeter

scruples - des scrupules, scrupule

hesitations - hésitations, hésitation

corridors - couloirs, couloir, corridor, couloir aérien

As he entered the box his eyes met Miss Welland's, and he saw that she had instantly understood his motive, though the family dignity which both considered so high a virtue would not permit her to tell him so.

instantly - instantanément, instamment

motive - motif, mobile, theme, motiver, moteur, mouvant

virtue - la vertu, vertu

permit - permis, permettre, permets, permettons, permettez

The persons of their world lived in an atmosphere of faint implications and pale delicacies, and the fact that he and she understood each other without a word seemed to the young man to bring them nearer than any explanation would have done. Her eyes said: "You see why Mamma brought me," and his answered: "I would not for the world have had you stay away."

faint - évanouissement, s'évanouir, défailles, défaillez, défaillir

implications - implications, implication

delicacies - délices, délicatesse, gourmandise

mamma - mamma, maman

"You know my niece Countess Olenska?" Mrs. Welland enquired as she shook hands with her future son-in-law. Archer bowed without extending his hand, as was the custom on being introduced to a lady; and Ellen Olenska bent her head slightly, keeping her own pale-gloved hands clasped on her huge fan of eagle feathers. Having greeted Mrs.

niece - niece, niece

bowed - incliné, (s')incliner devant, saluer d'un signe de tete

extending - s'étendant, étendre, prolonger

clasped - serré, fermoir, serrer

eagle - aigle, eagle, réussir un aigle

feathers - plumes, plume, fanon, mettre en drapeau, emplumer, fr

Lovell Mingott, a large blonde lady in creaking satin, he sat down beside his betrothed, and said in a low tone: "I hope you've told Madame Olenska that we're engaged? I want everybody to know"I want you to let me announce it this evening at the ball."

creaking - grincement, craquement, craquer

beside - a côté, aupres

Miss Welland's face grew rosy as the dawn, and she looked at him with radiant eyes. "If you can persuade Mamma," she said; "but why should we change what is already settled?" He made no answer but that which his eyes returned, and she added, still more confidently smiling: "Tell my cousin yourself: I give you leave. She says she used to play with you when you were children."

rosy - rose

dawn - l'aube, se lever, naître, aube, lever du soleil, aurore

settled - réglée, (s')installer

confidently - en toute confiance

She made way for him by pushing back her chair, and promptly, and a little ostentatiously, with the desire that the whole house should see what he was doing, Archer seated himself at the Countess Olenska's side.

pushing back - repousser

promptly - rapidement

ostentatiously - avec ostentation

"We DID use to play together, didn't we?" she asked, turning her grave eyes to his. "You were a horrid boy, and kissed me once behind a door; but it was your cousin Vandie Newland, who never looked at me, that I was in love with." Her glance swept the horse-shoe curve of boxes.

grave - tombe

horrid - horribles, affreux, horrible, exécrable, désagréable

swept - balayé, balayer, balayage

"Ah, how this brings it all back to me"I see everybody here in knickerbockers and pantalettes," she said, with her trailing slightly foreign accent, her eyes returning to his face.

pantalettes - pantalettes

trailing - en queue de peloton, pister, suivre, traîner, piste, traces-p

accent - accent, emphase, souligner, accentuer

Agreeable as their expression was, the young man was shocked that they should reflect so unseemly a picture of the august tribunal before which, at that very moment, her case was being tried. Nothing could be in worse taste than misplaced flippancy; and he answered somewhat stiffly: "Yes, you have been away a very long time."

agreeable - agréable, complaisant

unseemly - inconvenante, malséant

tribunal - tribunal

misplaced - égaré, égarer

stiffly - avec raideur, rigidement

"Oh, centuries and centuries; so long," she said, "that I'm sure I'm dead and buried, and this dear old place is heaven;" which, for reasons he could not define, struck Newland Archer as an even more disrespectful way of describing New York society.

struck - frappé, biffer, rayer, barrer, frapper, battre

disrespectful - irrespectueux


It invariably happened in the same way.

invariably - invariablement

Mrs. Julius Beaufort, on the night of her annual ball, never failed to appear at the Opera; indeed, she always gave her ball on an Opera night in order to emphasise her complete superiority to household cares, and her possession of a staff of servants competent to organise every detail of the entertainment in her absence.

annual - annuelle, annuel

emphasise - mettre l'accent

superiority - supériorité

household - foyer, ménage, maisonnée, domestique

competent - compétent

organise - organiser

absence - absence, manque, absence du fer

The Beauforts'house was one of the few in New York that possessed a ball-room (it antedated even Mrs.

possessed - possédé, posséder, s'emparer de

antedated - antédiluvien, antidater

Manson Mingott's and the Headly Chiverses'); and at a time when it was beginning to be thought "provincial" to put a "crash" over the drawing-room floor and move the furniture upstairs, the possession of a ball-room that was used for no other purpose, and left for three-hundred-and-sixty-four days of the year to shuttered darkness, with its gilt chairs stacked in a corner and its chandelier in a bag; this undoubted superiority was felt to compensate for whatever was regrettable in the Beaufort past.

provincial - provinciale, provincial

crash - crash, fracas

shuttered - fermé, volet, contrevent, obturateur

darkness - l'obscurité, obscurité, ténebres

gilt - doré, dorure, (gild) doré

stacked - empilés, pile, empiler

chandelier - chandelier, lustre

undoubted - incontestable

compensate - compenser

regrettable - regrettable

Mrs. Archer, who was fond of coining her social philosophy into axioms, had once said: "We all have our pet common people"" and though the phrase was a daring one, its truth was secretly admitted in many an exclusive bosom. But the Beauforts were not exactly common; some people said they were even worse. Mrs.

fond - fond, tendre, amoureux

Philosophy - philosophie

axioms - axiomes, axiome

daring - audacieux, courageux, checktéméraire, checkhardi

secretly - secretement, secretement, en cachette

exclusive - exclusive, exclusif

Beaufort belonged indeed to one of America's most honoured families; she had been the lovely Regina Dallas (of the South Carolina branch), a penniless beauty introduced to New York society by her cousin, the imprudent Medora Manson, who was always doing the wrong thing from the right motive. When one was related to the Mansons and the Rushworths one had a "droit de cite" (as Mr.

honoured - honoré, honneur

Regina - regina, Régine, Reine

penniless - sans le sou

Droit - droit

cite - citer, alléguer

Sillerton Jackson, who had frequented the Tuileries, called it) in New York society; but did one not forfeit it in marrying Julius Beaufort?

frequented - fréquenté, fréquent

forfeit - gage, perdre, abandonner, déclarer forfait

The question was: who was Beaufort? He passed for an Englishman, was agreeable, handsome, ill-tempered, hospitable and witty. He had come to America with letters of recommendation from old Mrs.

Englishman - Anglais

tempered - tempéré, caractere, tempérament, humeur, état d'esprit, recuit

hospitable - hospitalier

witty - de l'esprit, fin

Manson Mingott's English son-in-law, the banker, and had speedily made himself an important position in the world of affairs; but his habits were dissipated, his tongue was bitter, his antecedents were mysterious; and when Medora Manson announced her cousin's engagement to him it was felt to be one more act of folly in poor Medora's long record of imprudences.

speedily - rapidement

affairs - affaires, aventure, liaison

dissipated - dissipée, dissiper

Bitter - amere, amer, saumâtre

antecedents - antécédents, antécédent, ascendant

mysterious - mystérieux

folly - folie, sottise

But folly is as often justified of her children as wisdom, and two years after young Mrs. Beaufort's marriage it was admitted that she had the most distinguished house in New York. No one knew exactly how the miracle was accomplished.

wisdom - la sagesse, sagesse

most distinguished - le plus distingué

accomplished - accompli, accomplir

She was indolent, passive, the caustic even called her dull; but dressed like an idol, hung with pearls, growing younger and blonder and more beautiful each year, she throned in Mr. Beaufort's heavy brown-stone palace, and drew all the world there without lifting her jewelled little finger.

passive - passive, passif

dull - émoussé, ennuyeux, barbant, mat, terne, sot, obtus

idol - idole

pearls - perles, perle, joyau, perlure, parisienne, sédanoise

jewelled - bijoux, joyau, bijou, pierre d'horlogerie, rubis

The knowing people said it was Beaufort himself who trained the servants, taught the chef new dishes, told the gardeners what hot-house flowers to grow for the dinner-table and the drawing-rooms, selected the guests, brewed the after-dinner punch and dictated the little notes his wife wrote to her friends.

gardeners - les jardiniers, jardinier, jardiniere

selected - sélectionné, sélect, choisir, sélectionner

brewed - brassé, brasser, fermenter

Punch - un coup de poing, poinçonnez, poinçonnent, poinçonner

dictated - dicté, dicter

If he did, these domestic activities were privately performed, and he presented to the world the appearance of a careless and hospitable millionaire strolling into his own drawing-room with the detachment of an invited guest, and saying: "My wife's gloxinias are a marvel, aren't they? I believe she gets them out from Kew."

domestic - domestique, amily, intérieur

millionaire - millionnaire

strolling - se promener, (stroll), promenade, flânerie, balade, promener

detachment - le détachement, détachement, impartialité

marvel - marvel, etre

Mr. Beaufort's secret, people were agreed, was the way he carried things off.

It was all very well to whisper that he had been "helped" to leave England by the international banking-house in which he had been employed; he carried off that rumour as easily as the rest"though New York's business conscience was no less sensitive than its moral standard"he carried everything before him, and all New York into his drawing-rooms, and for over twenty years now people had said they were "going to the Beauforts'" with the same tone of security as if they had said they were going to Mrs. Manson Mingott's, and with the added satisfaction of knowing they would get hot canvas-back ducks and vintage wines, instead of tepid Veuve Clicquot without a year and warmed-up croquettes from Philadelphia.

whisper - chuchotement, chuchoter, susurrer, murmurer

carried off - emportés

rumour - rumeur, bruit

conscience - conscience

sensitive - sensible

canvas - toile, canevas

ducks - canards, plonger (dans l'eau)

vintage - vintage, vendange, récolte, cru

tepid - tiede, tiede, tiédasse, mou, indifférent

croquettes - croquettes, croquette

Mrs. Beaufort, then, had as usual appeared in her box just before the Jewel Song; and when, again as usual, she rose at the end of the third act, drew her opera cloak about her lovely shoulders, and disappeared, New York knew that meant that half an hour later the ball would begin.

jewel - joyau, bijou, pierre d'horlogerie, rubis

cloak - cape, pelisse, pelerine

The Beaufort house was one that New Yorkers were proud to show to foreigners, especially on the night of the annual ball. The Beauforts had been among the first people in New York to own their own red velvet carpet and have it rolled down the steps by their own footmen, under their own awning, instead of hiring it with the supper and the ball-room chairs.

footmen - les valets de pied, laquais

awning - l'auvent, marquise, auvent, (awn), barbe

supper - dîner, souper

They had also inaugurated the custom of letting the ladies take their cloaks off in the hall, instead of shuffling up to the hostess's bedroom and recurling their hair with the aid of the gas-burner; Beaufort was understood to have said that he supposed all his wife's friends had maids who saw to it that they were properly coiffees when they left home.

inaugurated - inauguré, inaugurer

cloaks - les manteaux, pelisse, pelerine

shuffling - le brassage, (shuffle), battage, battre, mélanger

hostess - hôtesse, maîtresse de maison, hôtesse de l'air

gas-burner - (gas-burner) bruleur a gaz

maids - servantes, demoiselle, jeune fille, bonne, bonne a tout faire

coiffees - coiffes

Then the house had been boldly planned with a ball-room, so that, instead of squeezing through a narrow passage to get to it (as at the Chiverses') one marched solemnly down a vista of enfiladed drawing-rooms (the sea-green, the crimson and the bouton d'or), seeing from afar the many-candled lustres reflected in the polished parquetry, and beyond that the depths of a conservatory where camellias and tree-ferns arched their costly foliage over seats of black and gold bamboo.

boldly - hardiment

squeezing through - en passant a travers

passage - passage, corridoir, couloir

arched - en arc de cercle, voute, arche

vista - vista, vue, point de vue

crimson - cramoisi, carmin, pourpre

afar - loin, afar

candled - chandelle, bougie

lustres - lustres, lustre, éclat

polished - polie, polonais

parquetry - parquet

beyond - au-dela, au-dela, par-dela

depths - profondeurs, profondeur, épaisseur

conservatory - jardin d'hiver, serre

camellias - les camélias, camélia

ferns - des fougeres, fougere

costly - couteux, couteux, lourd

foliage - le feuillage, feuillage

bamboo - bambou, de bambou

Newland Archer, as became a young man of his position, strolled in somewhat late.

strolled - flâné, promenade, flânerie, balade, flâner, promener

He had left his overcoat with the silk-stockinged footmen (the stockings were one of Beaufort's few fatuities), had dawdled a while in the library hung with Spanish leather and furnished with Buhl and malachite, where a few men were chatting and putting on their dancing-gloves, and had finally joined the line of guests whom Mrs. Beaufort was receiving on the threshold of the crimson drawing-room.

overcoat - pardessus, manteau

silk - soie

stockinged - stocké

stockings - bas

furnished - meublé, meubler, fournir, livrer

buhl - buhl

malachite - malachite

threshold - seuil, seuil de tolérance

Archer was distinctly nervous. He had not gone back to his club after the Opera (as the young bloods usually did), but, the night being fine, had walked for some distance up Fifth Avenue before turning back in the direction of the Beauforts'house.

He was definitely afraid that the Mingotts might be going too far; that, in fact, they might have Granny Mingott's orders to bring the Countess Olenska to the ball.

From the tone of the club box he had perceived how grave a mistake that would be; and, though he was more than ever determined to "see the thing through," he felt less chivalrously eager to champion his betrothed's cousin than before their brief talk at the Opera.

perceived - perçue, percevoir

chivalrously - chevaleresquement

Wandering on to the bouton d'or drawing-room (where Beaufort had had the audacity to hang "Love Victorious," the much-discussed nude of Bouguereau) Archer found Mrs. Welland and her daughter standing near the ball-room door.

wandering - l'errance, errement, errance, divagation, (wander), errer

audacity - l'audace, audace, toupet, culot

victorious - victorieux

nude - nue, nu

Couples were already gliding over the floor beyond: the light of the wax candles fell on revolving tulle skirts, on girlish heads wreathed with modest blossoms, on the dashing aigrettes and ornaments of the young married women's coiffures, and on the glitter of highly glazed shirt-fronts and fresh glace gloves.

gliding - le vol a voile, vol a voile, (glide), glisser, planer

wax - la cire, cirons, cirez, cire, cirer, cirent

candles - bougies, bougie, chandelle

revolving - tournante, (revolve), retourner

girlish - fillette

wreathed - couronné, rayonnant

blossoms - fleurs, fleur, floraison, fleurir, s'épanouir

dashing - fringant, tiret, trait, ta, sprint, soupçon, se précipiter

ornaments - ornements, ornement, ornement musical

coiffures - coiffures, coiffure

glitter - paillettes, étincellement, paillette, briller

glace - glace

Miss Welland, evidently about to join the dancers, hung on the threshold, her lilies-of-the-valley in her hand (she carried no other bouquet), her face a little pale, her eyes burning with a candid excitement. A group of young men and girls were gathered about her, and there was much hand-clasping, laughing and pleasantry on which Mrs.

clasping - de l'agrippement, (clasp), fermoir, serrer

pleasantry - l'amabilité

Welland, standing slightly apart, shed the beam of a qualified approval. It was evident that Miss Welland was in the act of announcing her engagement, while her mother affected the air of parental reluctance considered suitable to the occasion.

shed - hangar, verser, stand, kiosque, échoppe

beam - madrier, poutre, merrain, perche, limon, timon, age, faisceau

approval - agrément, approbation

evident - évidentes, évident

parental - parentale

reluctance - réticence, réluctance

Archer paused a moment. It was at his express wish that the announcement had been made, and yet it was not thus that he would have wished to have his happiness known. To proclaim it in the heat and noise of a crowded ball-room was to rob it of the fine bloom of privacy which should belong to things nearest the heart.

paused - en pause, pauser, pause

rob - rob, ravir, piller

bloom - fleurir, fleur

privacy - la vie privée, intimité, vie privée, confidentialité

His joy was so deep that this blurring of the surface left its essence untouched; but he would have liked to keep the surface pure too. It was something of a satisfaction to find that May Welland shared this feeling. Her eyes fled to his beseechingly, and their look said: "Remember, we're doing this because it's right."

joy - joie

blurring - flou, estomper, brouiller, s'estomper, tache, salissure

essence - essence

untouched - intacte

fled - fui, s'enfuir, prendre la fuite, fuir, échapper

beseechingly - avec insistance

No appeal could have found a more immediate response in Archer's breast; but he wished that the necessity of their action had been represented by some ideal reason, and not simply by poor Ellen Olenska.

appeal - appel, manifeste, vocation, pourvoi

necessity - nécessité, besoin

The group about Miss Welland made way for him with significant smiles, and after taking his share of the felicitations he drew his betrothed into the middle of the ball-room floor and put his arm about her waist.

waist - taille, ceinture

"Now we shan't have to talk," he said, smiling into her candid eyes, as they floated away on the soft waves of the Blue Danube.

shan - Shan

floated - flotté, flotter

Danube - le danube, Danube

She made no answer. Her lips trembled into a smile, but the eyes remained distant and serious, as if bent on some ineffable vision. "Dear," Archer whispered, pressing her to him: It was borne in on him that the first hours of being engaged, even if spent in a ball-room, had in them something grave and sacramental.

trembled - tremblait, trembler, vibrer, tremblement, vibration

distant - distante, distant, lointain, éloigné

ineffable - ineffable

vision - vision, vue, aspiration, apparition

whispered - chuchoté, chuchotement, chuchoter, susurrer, murmurer

It was borne in on him - Ça lui est tombé dessus

sacramental - sacramentelle, sacramental

What a new life it was going to be, with this whiteness, radiance, goodness at one's side!

whiteness - la blancheur, blancheur, blanchité, blanchitude

goodness - la bonté, bonté, bonté divine, corbleu, crebleu, jarnibleu

The dance over, the two, as became an affianced couple, wandered into the conservatory; and sitting behind a tall screen of tree-ferns and camellias Newland pressed her gloved hand to his lips.

wandered - erré, errer, vaguer, divaguer

"You see I did as you asked me to," she said.

"Yes: I couldn't wait," he answered smiling. After a moment he added: "Only I wish it hadn't had to be at a ball."

"Yes, I know." She met his glance comprehendingly. "But after all"even here we're alone together, aren't we?"

comprehendingly - de maniere compréhensive

"Oh, dearest"always!" Archer cried.

Evidently she was always going to understand; she was always going to say the right thing. The discovery made the cup of his bliss overflow, and he went on gaily: "The worst of it is that I want to kiss you and I can't." As he spoke he took a swift glance about the conservatory, assured himself of their momentary privacy, and catching her to him laid a fugitive pressure on her lips.

bliss - bonheur, béatitude, félicité

overflow - débordement, déborder, checktransborder, checks'épancher

gaily - gaiement

swift - rapide, martinet, dévidoir

assured - assurée, assurerent, assura, assurai

fugitive - fugitif, fugitive, éphémere, fuyant

To counteract the audacity of this proceeding he led her to a bamboo sofa in a less secluded part of the conservatory, and sitting down beside her broke a lily-of-the-valley from her bouquet. She sat silent, and the world lay like a sunlit valley at their feet.

proceeding - la poursuite de la procédure, acte, (proceed), avancer

sofa - canapé, sofa

Lily - lily, lys

sunlit - ensoleillé

"Did you tell my cousin Ellen?" she asked presently, as if she spoke through a dream.

He roused himself, and remembered that he had not done so. Some invincible repugnance to speak of such things to the strange foreign woman had checked the words on his lips.

roused - réveillé, réveiller

invincible - invincible

repugnance - répugnance

"No"I hadn't the chance after all," he said, fibbing hastily.

fibbing - mentir, bobard

hastily - hâtivement, précipitamment, a la hâte

"Ah." She looked disappointed, but gently resolved on gaining her point. "You must, then, for I didn't either; and I shouldn't like her to think""

resolved - résolu, prendre la résolution de

gaining - l'acquisition, (gain) l'acquisition

shouldn - devrait

"Of course not. But aren't you, after all, the person to do it?"

She pondered on this. "If I'd done it at the right time, yes: but now that there's been a delay I think you must explain that I'd asked you to tell her at the Opera, before our speaking about it to everybody here. Otherwise she might think I had forgotten her. You see, she's one of the family, and she's been away so long that she's rather"sensitive."

pondered - réfléchi, songer, réfléchir, interroger

otherwise - autrement

Archer looked at her glowingly. "Dear and great angel! Of course I'll tell her." He glanced a trifle apprehensively toward the crowded ball-room. "But I haven't seen her yet. Has she come?"

glowingly - avec enthousiasme

angel - ange

glanced - a glissé, jeter un coup d’oil, coup d'oil

trifle - bagatelle, broutille, babiole, bricole

apprehensively - avec appréhension

"No; at the last minute she decided not to."

"At the last minute?" he echoed, betraying his surprise that she should ever have considered the alternative possible.

echoed - en écho, écho

betraying - trahir, livrer

"Yes. She's awfully fond of dancing," the young girl answered simply. "But suddenly she made up her mind that her dress wasn't smart enough for a ball, though we thought it so lovely; and so my aunt had to take her home."

awfully - terriblement

fond of dancing - aimer danser

"Oh, well"" said Archer with happy indifference. Nothing about his betrothed pleased him more than her resolute determination to carry to its utmost limit that ritual of ignoring the "unpleasant" in which they had both been brought up.

indifference - l'indifférence, indifférence

determination - détermination

utmost - le plus important, extreme, plus grand, supreme, maximum

Ritual - rituel

"She knows as well as I do," he reflected, "the real reason of her cousin's staying away; but I shall never let her see by the least sign that I am conscious of there being a shadow of a shade on poor Ellen Olenska's reputation."

staying away - rester a l'écart

conscious - conscient

shadow - l'ombre, ombre, prendre en filature, filer

shade - ombre, store, nuance, ton, esprit, ombrager, faire de l'ombre


In the course of the next day the first of the usual betrothal visits were exchanged. The New York ritual was precise and inflexible in such matters; and in conformity with it Newland Archer first went with his mother and sister to call on Mrs. Welland, after which he and Mrs. Welland and May drove out to old Mrs. Manson Mingott's to receive that venerable ancestress's blessing.

precise - précis, préciser

inflexible - inflexible

conformity with - conformité avec

blessing - la bénédiction, bénédiction, grâce, troupeau, harde

A visit to Mrs. Manson Mingott was always an amusing episode to the young man. The house in itself was already an historic document, though not, of course, as venerable as certain other old family houses in university place and lower Fifth Avenue.

amusing - amusant, amuser

university place - une place a l'université

Those were of the purest 1830, with a grim harmony of cabbage-rose-garlanded carpets, rosewood consoles, round-arched fire-places with black marble mantels, and immense glazed book-cases of mahogany; whereas old Mrs. Mingott, who had built her house later, had bodily cast out the massive furniture of her prime, and mingled with the Mingott heirlooms the frivolous upholstery of the Second Empire.

purest - le plus pur, pur

grim - sinistre

harmony - l'harmonie, harmonie

cabbage - choux, chou

garlanded - en guirlande, guirlande, rench: -neededr

consoles - consoles, consoler

marble - marbre, bille, grillot, marbrer

mahogany - acajou, mahagoni

whereas - tandis que, alors que, compte tenu de, vu que

bodily - corporel

cast - casting, jeter, diriger, lancer, additionner, sommer, muer

massive - massive, massif

prime - premier

heirlooms - des héritages, patrimoine

frivolous - frivole

upholstery - la tapisserie d'ameublement, tapisserie

It was her habit to sit in a window of her sitting-room on the ground floor, as if watching calmly for life and fashion to flow northward to her solitary doors. She seemed in no hurry to have them come, for her patience was equalled by her confidence.

calmly - calmement, paisiblement

solitary - solitaire, seul, un a un

patience - la patience, patience

confidence - assurance, confiance en soi, confiance, confidence

She was sure that presently the hoardings, the quarries, the one-story saloons, the wooden green-houses in ragged gardens, and the rocks from which goats surveyed the scene, would vanish before the advance of residences as stately as her own"perhaps (for she was an impartial woman) even statelier; and that the cobble-stones over which the old clattering omnibuses bumped would be replaced by smooth asphalt, such as people reported having seen in Paris. Meanwhile, as every one she cared to see came to HER (and she could fill her rooms as easily as the Beauforts, and without adding a single item to the menu of her suppers), she did not suffer from her geographic isolation.

hoardings - les panneaux publicitaires, palissade

quarries - carrieres, carriere

ragged - dépenaillé, loqueteuxse, (rag) dépenaillé

goats - chevres, chevre, bouc, bique

vanish - disparaître, s'évanouir, s'annuler

advance - élever, avancer, avancée, progression, avance, souscription

residences - résidences, résidence, siege social

stately - majestueux, imposant

impartial - impartiale

statelier - statelier, imposant

clattering - cliquetis, claquer, craquer, claquement, craquement, vacarme

omnibuses - omnibus, bus

bumped - surélevée, bourrade, boum, bosse, saillie, ballon

asphalt - l'asphalte, asphalte

single item - un seul élément

suppers - dîners, souper

geographic - géographique

isolation - l'isolement, isolement, isolation

The immense accretion of flesh which had descended on her in middle life like a flood of lava on a doomed city had changed her from a plump active little woman with a neatly-turned foot and ankle into something as vast and august as a natural phenomenon.

accretion - accrétion, accroissement

flesh - de la chair, chair, peau, viande, corps, pulpe

descended - descendu, descendre

lava - lave

doomed - condamnée, mort, ruine, perte, condamner

plump - dodu, douillet

neatly - proprement, élégamment

vast - vaste

natural phenomenon - phénomene naturel

She had accepted this submergence as philosophically as all her other trials, and now, in extreme old age, was rewarded by presenting to her mirror an almost unwrinkled expanse of firm pink and white flesh, in the centre of which the traces of a small face survived as if awaiting excavation.

submergence - submersion

trials - des essais, proces

rewarded - récompensée, récompense

firm - ferme, social, robuste, maison de commerce, solide

traces - des traces, trace

awaiting - en attente, attendre, s'attendre a, servir, guetter

excavation - excavation, fouille

A flight of smooth double chins led down to the dizzy depths of a still-snowy bosom veiled in snowy muslins that were held in place by a miniature portrait of the late Mr. Mingott; and around and below, wave after wave of black silk surged away over the edges of a capacious armchair, with two tiny white hands poised like gulls on the surface of the billows.

chins - mentons, menton

dizzy - des vertiges, pris de vertige

veiled - voilée, voile, voiler

muslins - les mousselines, mousseline

miniature - miniature, enluminure, figurine

surged - a surgi, montée, poussée, vague, afflux, houle, pompage

capacious - volumineux

armchair - fauteuil, chaise bourrée

poised - en place, assurance, aisance, sang-froid, aplomb, poise

gulls - mouettes, mouette

billows - des bouées, flot, ondoyer

The burden of Mrs.

burden - charge, accablement, alourdissons, alourdir, alourdissez

Manson Mingott's flesh had long since made it impossible for her to go up and down stairs, and with characteristic independence she had made her reception rooms upstairs and established herself (in flagrant violation of all the New York proprieties) on the ground floor of her house; so that, as you sat in her sitting-room window with her, you caught (through a door that was always open, and a looped-back yellow damask portiere) the unexpected vista of a bedroom with a huge low bed upholstered like a sofa, and a toilet-table with frivolous lace flounces and a gilt-framed mirror.

characteristic - caractéristique

Independence - l'indépendance, indépendance

established - établie, affermir, établir

flagrant - flagrant

violation - violation, infraction

proprieties - les convenances, décence, correction, bienséance, convenances-p

looped - en boucle, boucle, circuit fermé

damask - damas, lie-de-vin

portiere - portiere

unexpected - inattendu

toilet-table - (toilet-table) table de toilette

lace - dentelle, pointue

flounces - des volants, volant

Her visitors were startled and fascinated by the foreignness of this arrangement, which recalled scenes in French fiction, and architectural incentives to immorality such as the simple American had never dreamed of. That was how women with lovers lived in the wicked old societies, in apartments with all the rooms on one floor, and all the indecent propinquities that their novels described.

startled - surpris, sursauter, surprendre

fascinated - fasciné, fasciner

foreignness - l'extranéité, extranéité

recalled - rappelée, rappeler, souvenir

architectural - architectural

incentives - des incitations, intéret, motivation, récompense, prime

immorality - l'immoralité, immoralité

wicked - méchante, chicaneur, torve, (wick) méchante

indecent - indécent

It amused Newland Archer (who had secretly situated the love-scenes of "Monsieur de Camors" in Mrs. Mingott's bedroom) to picture her blameless life led in the stage-setting of adultery; but he said to himself, with considerable admiration, that if a lover had been what she wanted, the intrepid woman would have had him too.

amused - amusé, amuser

situated - situé, situer

monsieur - Monsieur

adultery - l'adultere, adultere

considerable - considérable

admiration - l'admiration, admiration

lover - amante, amant, maîtresse

intrepid - intrépide

To the general relief the Countess Olenska was not present in her grandmother's drawing-room during the visit of the betrothed couple. Mrs. Mingott said she had gone out; which, on a day of such glaring sunlight, and at the "shopping hour," seemed in itself an indelicate thing for a compromised woman to do.

relief - secours, allégement, relief, soulagement

the betrothed - les fiancés

glaring - éblouissant, éclat

sunlight - la lumiere du soleil, lumiere du soleil

indelicate - indélicat

compromised - compromis, concession, compromettre

But at any rate it spared them the embarrassment of her presence, and the faint shadow that her unhappy past might seem to shed on their radiant future. The visit went off successfully, as was to have been expected. Old Mrs.

spared - épargnée, se passer de

Mingott was delighted with the engagement, which, being long foreseen by watchful relatives, had been carefully passed upon in family council; and the engagement ring, a large thick sapphire set in invisible claws, met with her unqualified admiration.

delighted - ravie, plaisir, délice, joie, enchanter, ravir

foreseen - prévue, prévoir, anticiper

watchful - attentif, vigilant

Council - le conseil, conseil

sapphire - saphir, colibri a menton bleu

invisible - invisible, caché

claws - griffes, griffe

"It's the new setting: of course it shows the stone beautifully, but it looks a little bare to old-fashioned eyes," Mrs. Welland had explained, with a conciliatory side-glance at her future son-in-law.

beautifully - magnifique

bare - a nu, dénudé, dégarnir, nu

conciliatory - conciliant

"Old-fashioned eyes? I hope you don't mean mine, my dear? I like all the novelties," said the ancestress, lifting the stone to her small bright orbs, which no glasses had ever disfigured. "Very handsome," she added, returning the jewel; "very liberal. In my time a cameo set in pearls was thought sufficient. But it's the hand that sets off the ring, isn't it, my Dear Mr. Archer?

novelties - des nouveautés, nouveauté

disfigured - défiguré, défigurer

liberal - libéral, large, généreux, de gauche

cameo - camaieu, caméo

sufficient - suffisante, suffisant

sets off - se met en route

Dear Mr - Cher Monsieur

" and she waved one of her tiny hands, with small pointed nails and rolls of aged fat encircling the wrist like ivory bracelets. "Mine was modelled in Rome by the great Ferrigiani. You should have May's done: no doubt he'll have it done, my child. Her hand is large"it's these modern sports that spread the joints"but the skin is white."And when's the wedding to be?

encircling - encerclant, ceignant, (encircle), encercler

wrist - poignet

ivory - ivoire

bracelets - bracelets, bracelet

Rome - rome

joints - articulations, conjoint, commun, articulation, rotule, jointure

" she broke off, fixing her eyes on Archer's face.

"Oh"" Mrs. Welland murmured, while the young man, smiling at his betrothed, replied: "As soon as ever it can, if only you'll back me up, Mrs. Mingott."

murmured - murmuré, murmure, rumeur, souffle, murmurer

"We must give them time to get to know each other a little better, mamma," Mrs. Welland interposed, with the proper affectation of reluctance; to which the ancestress rejoined: "Know each other? Fiddlesticks! Everybody in New York has always known everybody. Let the young man have his way, my dear; don't wait till the bubble's off the wine.

interposed - interposée, interposer, intercaler, interrompre, couper

affectation - affectation

Marry them before Lent; I may catch pneumonia any winter now, and I want to give the wedding-breakfast."

pneumonia - pneumonie

These successive statements were received with the proper expressions of amusement, incredulity and gratitude; and the visit was breaking up in a vein of mild pleasantry when the door opened to admit the Countess Olenska, who entered in bonnet and mantle followed by the unexpected figure of Julius Beaufort.

successive - successifs

incredulity - l'incrédulité, incrédulité

gratitude - la gratitude, gratitude

vein - veine

bonnet - bonnet, orth America, casquette, béret, capot

mantle - manteau, les renes, manchon

There was a cousinly murmur of pleasure between the ladies, and Mrs. Mingott held out Ferrigiani's model to the banker. "Ha! Beaufort, this is a rare favour!" (She had an odd foreign way of addressing men by their surnames.)

cousinly - cousinage

murmur - murmure, rumeur, souffle, murmurer

ha - HA

surnames - noms de famille, nom, patronyme, nom de famille

"Thanks. I wish it might happen oftener," said the visitor in his easy arrogant way. "I'm generally so tied down; but I met the Countess Ellen in Madison Square, and she was good enough to let me walk home with her."

"Ah"I hope the house will be gayer, now that Ellen's here!" cried Mrs. Mingott with a glorious effrontery. "Sit down"sit down, Beaufort: push up the yellow armchair; now I've got you I want a good gossip. I hear your ball was magnificent; and I understand you invited Mrs. Lemuel Struthers? Well"I've a curiosity to see the woman myself."

gayer - plus gay, homosexuel/-elle, gay

glorious - glorieux, splendide

gossip - des ragots, commere, commérage, ragot, cancan

magnificent - magnifique

curiosity - curiosité

She had forgotten her relatives, who were drifting out into the hall under Ellen Olenska's guidance. Old Mrs. Mingott had always professed a great admiration for Julius Beaufort, and there was a kind of kinship in their cool domineering way and their short-cuts through the conventions. Now she was eagerly curious to know what had decided the Beauforts to invite (for the first time) Mrs.

drifting - a la dérive, dérive, dériver, errer, dévier

guidance - d'orientation, guidage, conseils, direction

kinship - la parenté, parenté

eagerly - avec empressement, avidement

Curious - vous etes curieux, curieux, intéressant, singulier

Lemuel Struthers, the widow of Struthers's Shoe-polish, who had returned the previous year from a long initiatory sojourn in Europe to lay siege to the tight little citadel of New York. "Of course if you and Regina invite her the thing is settled. Well, we need new blood and new money"and I hear she's still very good-looking," the carnivorous old lady declared.

polish - polish, polonais

initiatory - initiatique

sojourn - séjour, séjourner

siege - siege, siege

citadel - citadelle

carnivorous - carnivore

declared - déclarée, expliquer, déclarer

In the hall, while Mrs. Welland and May drew on their furs, Archer saw that the Countess Olenska was looking at him with a faintly questioning smile.

faintly - faiblement

"Of course you know already"about May and me," he said, answering her look with a shy laugh. "She scolded me for not giving you the news last night at the Opera: I had her orders to tell you that we were engaged"but I couldn't, in that crowd."

scolded - grondé, chipie, furie, mégere, gronder, réprimander, tancer

The smile passed from Countess Olenska's eyes to her lips: she looked younger, more like the bold brown Ellen Mingott of his boyhood. "Of course I know; yes. And I'm so glad. But one doesn't tell such things first in a crowd." The ladies were on the threshold and she held out her hand.

"Good-bye; come and see me some day," she said, still looking at Archer.

Good-bye - (Good-bye) Au revoir

In the carriage, on the way down Fifth Avenue, they talked pointedly of Mrs. Mingott, of her age, her spirit, and all her wonderful attributes. No one alluded to Ellen Olenska; but Archer knew that Mrs.

pointedly - avec insistance

attributes - attributs, attribut, épithete or déterminant

alluded - allusion, alluder, faire allusion, suggérer

Welland was thinking: "It's a mistake for Ellen to be seen, the very day after her arrival, parading up Fifth Avenue at the crowded hour with Julius Beaufort"" and the young man himself mentally added: "And she ought to know that a man who's just engaged doesn't spend his time calling on married women. But I daresay in the set she's lived in they do"they never do anything else.

mentally - mentalement

daresay - oserait-on dire

" And, in spite of the cosmopolitan views on which he prided himself, he thanked heaven that he was a New Yorker, and about to ally himself with one of his own kind.

Cosmopolitan - cosmopolite

prided - fierté, orgueil

Yorker - yorker

ally - allié, alliée, allions, alliez, se liguer, allient


The next evening old Mr. Sillerton Jackson came to dine with the Archers.

dine - dîner

archers - les archers, archer/-ere

Mrs. Archer was a shy woman and shrank from society; but she liked to be well-informed as to its doings. Her old friend Mr.

shrank - s'est rétréci, se réduire, rétrécir, se resserrer

informed - informé, informer, avertir (de)

Sillerton Jackson applied to the investigation of his friends'affairs the patience of a collector and the science of a naturalist; and his sister, Miss Sophy Jackson, who lived with him, and was entertained by all the people who could not secure her much-sought-after brother, brought home bits of minor gossip that filled out usefully the gaps in his picture.

investigation - enquete, investigation

collector - collectionneur, collectionneuse, percepteur, encaisseur

naturalist - naturaliste

secure - sécurisé, sur, sécuriser

sought - recherchée, chercher

minor - mineur

usefully - utilement

Therefore, whenever anything happened that Mrs. Archer wanted to know about, she asked Mr. Jackson to dine; and as she honoured few people with her invitations, and as she and her daughter Janey were an excellent audience, Mr. Jackson usually came himself instead of sending his sister.

If he could have dictated all the conditions, he would have chosen the evenings when Newland was out; not because the young man was uncongenial to him (the two got on capitally at their club) but because the old anecdotist sometimes felt, on Newland's part, a tendency to weigh his evidence that the ladies of the family never showed.

uncongenial - peu conviviale

capitally - en capital

anecdotist - anecdotique, anecdotier, anecdotiere, anecdotiste

Mr. Jackson, if perfection had been attainable on earth, would also have asked that Mrs. Archer's food should be a little better.

perfection - la perfection, perfection

attainable - atteignable

But then New York, as far back as the mind of man could travel, had been divided into the two great fundamental groups of the Mingotts and Mansons and all their clan, who cared about eating and clothes and money, and the Archer-Newland-van-der-Luyden tribe, who were devoted to travel, horticulture and the best fiction, and looked down on the grosser forms of pleasure.

fundamental - fondamentale, fondement, fondamental

horticulture - l'horticulture, horticulture

grosser - plus grossier, (gross), brut, dégoutant, dégueulasse, grossier

You couldn't have everything, after all. If you dined with the Lovell Mingotts you got canvas-back and terrapin and vintage wines; at Adeline Archer's you could talk about Alpine scenery and "The Marble Faun"; and luckily the Archer Madeira had gone round the Cape. Therefore when a friendly summons came from Mrs. Archer, Mr.

dined - dîné, dîner

terrapin - terrapin, tortue aquatique

Alpine - alpin, montagnard

scenery - décor naturel, paysage, décor

Faun - faune

luckily - heureusement

Madeira - madere, Madere

gone round - Aller autour

Cape - le cap, cap

summons - convoque, convocation, (summon) convoque

Jackson, who was a true eclectic, would usually say to his sister: "I've been a little gouty since my last dinner at the Lovell Mingotts'"it will do me good to diet at Adeline's."

Eclectic - eclectique, éclectique, hétérogene, hétéroclite

gouty - goutteux

Mrs. Archer, who had long been a widow, lived with her son and daughter in West Twenty-eighth Street. An upper floor was dedicated to Newland, and the two women squeezed themselves into narrower quarters below.

Eighth - huitieme, huitieme

upper floor - l'étage supérieur

dedicated - dédié, consacrer, vouer, destiner, se consacrer, se dévouer

squeezed - pressé, presser, comprimer, tasser, serrer

In an unclouded harmony of tastes and interests they cultivated ferns in Wardian cases, made macrame lace and wool embroidery on linen, collected American revolutionary glazed ware, subscribed to "Good Words," and read Ouida's novels for the sake of the Italian atmosphere.

cultivated - cultivé, cultiver

macrame - macramé

embroidery - la broderie, broderie

linen - le linge, toile, lin, linge

subscribed - abonné(e), abonner, s'abonner, souscrire

sake - du saké, dans l'intéret de qqn

(They preferred those about peasant life, because of the descriptions of scenery and the pleasanter sentiments, though in general they liked novels about people in society, whose motives and habits were more comprehensible, spoke severely of Dickens, who "had never drawn a gentleman," and considered Thackeray less at home in the great world than Bulwer"who, however, was beginning to be thought old-fashioned.) Mrs. and Miss Archer were both great lovers of scenery. It was what they principally sought and admired on their occasional travels abroad; considering architecture and painting as subjects for men, and chiefly for learned persons who read Ruskin. Mrs. Archer had been born a Newland, and mother and daughter, who were as like as sisters, were both, as people said, "true Newlands"; tall, pale, and slightly round-shouldered, with long noses, sweet smiles and a kind of drooping distinction like that in certain faded Reynolds portraits. Their physical resemblance would have been complete if an elderly embonpoint had not stretched Mrs. Archer's black brocade, while Miss Archer's brown and purple poplins hung, as the years went on, more and more slackly on her virgin frame.

peasant - paysan, paysanne, rustique

sentiments - sentiments, sentiment

motives - motivations, motif, mobile, theme, motiver

comprehensible - compréhensible

severely - séverement

principally - principalement

occasional - occasionnel

chiefly - principalement, surtout

drooping - en train de tomber, tomber, s'affaisser, bec

distinction - distinction, différence

faded - fanée, (s')affaiblir, diminuer

Reynolds - reynolds, Renaud

resemblance - ressemblance, comparaison, probabilité

elderly - personnes âgées, vieux, ancien, âgé

Embonpoint - embonpoint

stretched - étiré, étendre, s'étendre, s'étirer, étirement

brocade - brocart, brocher

slackly - mollement

Virgin - vierge

Mentally, the likeness between them, as Newland was aware, was less complete than their identical mannerisms often made it appear.

identical - identique, meme

The long habit of living together in mutually dependent intimacy had given them the same vocabulary, and the same habit of beginning their phrases "Mother thinks" or "Janey thinks," according as one or the other wished to advance an opinion of her own; but in reality, while Mrs.

mutually - mutuellement

dependent - dépendant, dépendante

intimacy - l'intimité, intimité

vocabulary - vocabulaire, lexique

Archer's serene unimaginativeness rested easily in the accepted and familiar, Janey was subject to starts and aberrations of fancy welling up from springs of suppressed romance.

serene - serein, enjoué

unimaginativeness - l'inimaginabilité

aberrations - aberrations, anomalie, anormalité, aberration

suppressed - supprimée, contenir, fr

romance - le romantisme, romance, idylle, amour romantique

Mother and daughter adored each other and revered their son and brother; and Archer loved them with a tenderness made compunctious and uncritical by the sense of their exaggerated admiration, and by his secret satisfaction in it.

adored - adorée, adorer

revered - vénéré, idolâtrer

tenderness - tendresse

compunctious - compunctious

uncritical - non critique

exaggerated - exagéré, exagérer, outrer

After all, he thought it a good thing for a man to have his authority respected in his own house, even if his sense of humour sometimes made him question the force of his mandate.

humour - l'humour, humour, humeur, disposition, amadouer

mandate - commettant, mandat

On this occasion the young man was very sure that Mr. Jackson would rather have had him dine out; but he had his own reasons for not doing so.

Of course old Jackson wanted to talk about Ellen Olenska, and of course Mrs. Archer and Janey wanted to hear what he had to tell. All three would be slightly embarrassed by Newland's presence, now that his prospective relation to the Mingott clan had been made known; and the young man waited with an amused curiosity to see how they would turn the difficulty.

prospective - prospective, prospectif

made known - fait connaître

They began, obliquely, by talking about Mrs. Lemuel Struthers.

"It's a pity the Beauforts asked her," Mrs. Archer said gently. "But then Regina always does what he tells her; and BEAUFORT""

pity - compassion, pitié, dommage, honte, plaindre, avoir pitié de

"Certain nuances escape Beaufort," said Mr. Jackson, cautiously inspecting the broiled shad, and wondering for the thousandth time why Mrs. Archer's cook always burnt the roe to a cinder. (Newland, who had long shared his wonder, could always detect it in the older man's expression of melancholy disapproval.)

Nuances - nuances, nuance, subtilité

cautiously - avec prudence, précautionneusement

broiled - grillé, (faire) griller

shad - alose

thousandth - millieme, millieme

roe - chevreuil

cinder - cendres, cendre

detect - détecter, détectez, détectent, dénicher, détectons

melancholy - mélancolie

disapproval - désapprobation

"Oh, necessarily; Beaufort is a vulgar man," said Mrs. Archer. "My grandfather Newland always used to say to my mother: 'Whatever you do, don't let that fellow Beaufort be introduced to the girls.'But at least he's had the advantage of associating with gentlemen; in England too, they say. It's all very mysterious"" She glanced at Janey and paused.

vulgar - vulgaire, obscene

associating with - s'associer avec

She and Janey knew every fold of the Beaufort mystery, but in public Mrs. Archer continued to assume that the subject was not one for the unmarried.

assume - supposer, présupposer, présumer, assumer, adopter, prendre

unmarried - célibataire, (unmarry)

"But this Mrs. Struthers," Mrs. Archer continued; "what did you say SHE was, Sillerton?"

"Out of a mine: or rather out of the saloon at the head of the pit. Then with Living Wax-Works, touring New England. After the police broke THAT up, they say she lived"" Mr. Jackson in his turn glanced at Janey, whose eyes began to bulge from under her prominent lids. There were still hiatuses for her in Mrs. Struthers's past.

pit - fosse, écart, précipice, noyau

bulge - gonflement, bombement, bosse, protubérance, bomber, déformer

hiatuses - des hiatus, hiatus, lacune, discordance

"Then," Mr. Jackson continued (and Archer saw he was wondering why no one had told the butler never to slice cucumbers with a steel knife), "then Lemuel Struthers came along. They say his advertiser used the girl's head for the shoe-polish posters; her hair's intensely black, you know"the Egyptian style. Anyhow, he"eventually"married her.

butler - sommelier, majordome

cucumbers - concombres, concombre

steel - l'acier, acier

advertiser - annonceur, messager

posters - des affiches, poster, affiche

intensely - intensément

" There were volumes of innuendo in the way the "eventually" was spaced, and each syllable given its due stress.

volumes - volumes, volume, tome

innuendo - insinuations, insinuation, sous-entendu

syllable - syllabe

"Oh, well"at the pass we've come to nowadays, It doesn't matter," said Mrs. Archer indifferently. The ladies were not really interested in Mrs. Struthers just then; the subject of Ellen Olenska was too fresh and too absorbing to them. Indeed, Mrs. Struthers's name had been introduced by Mrs. Archer only that she might presently be able to say: "And Newland's new cousin"Countess Olenska?

nowadays - actuellement, de nos jours, aujourd'hui, présentement

It doesn't matter - Ça n'a pas d'importance

indifferently - avec indifférence

absorbing - absorbant, absorber, éponger

Was SHE at the ball too?"

There was a faint touch of sarcasm in the reference to her son, and Archer knew it and had expected it. Even Mrs. Archer, who was seldom unduly pleased with human events, had been altogether glad of her son's engagement. ("Especially after that silly business with Mrs.

sarcasm - sarcasme

seldom - rarement

unduly - indument, indument

altogether - tout a fait, completement, en meme temps, quoi qu'il en soit

Rushworth," as she had remarked to Janey, alluding to what had once seemed to Newland a tragedy of which his soul would always bear the scar.)

remarked - remarqué, remarque

alluding - allusion, alluder, faire allusion, suggérer

tragedy - tragédie

scar - cicatrice, stigmate

There was no better match in New York than May Welland, look at the question from whatever point you chose. Of course such a marriage was only what Newland was entitled to; but young men are so foolish and incalculable"and some women so ensnaring and unscrupulous"that it was nothing short of a miracle to see one's only son safe past the Siren Isle and in the haven of a blameless domesticity.

entitled - habilité, intituler

incalculable - incalculable

ensnaring - l'enfermement, piéger, empetrer

unscrupulous - sans scrupules

siren - sirene, sirene

Isle - l'île, île

domesticity - la domesticité, vie de famille

All this Mrs. Archer felt, and her son knew she felt; but he knew also that she had been perturbed by the premature announcement of his engagement, or rather by its cause; and it was for that reason"because on the whole he was a tender and indulgent master"that he had stayed at home that evening.

perturbed - perturbé, perturber, troubler

premature - prématurée, prématuré

indulgent - indulgent

Master - maître, patron, maîtriser, maitre, maîtrisent

"It's not that I don't approve of the Mingotts'esprit de corps; but why Newland's engagement should be mixed up with that Olenska woman's comings and goings I don't see," Mrs. Archer grumbled to Janey, the only witness of her slight lapses from perfect sweetness.

approve - approuver, éprouvé, approuvent, approuvez

corps - corps, (corp) corps

grumbled - grommelé, grondement, gargouillement, grognement

witness - témoin

lapses - lapsus, erreur, faute

She had behaved beautifully"and in beautiful behaviour she was unsurpassed"during the call on Mrs.

unsurpassed - inégalée

Welland; but Newland knew (and his betrothed doubtless guessed) that all through the visit she and Janey were nervously on the watch for Madame Olenska's possible intrusion; and when they left the house together she had permitted herself to say to her son: "I'm thankful that Augusta Welland received us alone."

doubtless - sans doute, sans aucun doute, sans nul doute, indubitablement

nervously - nerveusement

intrusion - intrusion

permitted - autorisé, permettre

Augusta - augusta

These indications of inward disturbance moved Archer the more that he too felt that the Mingotts had gone a little too far.

indications - indications, indication

inward - vers l'intérieur, intérieur

disturbance - perturbation, trouble, tapage

But, as it was against all the rules of their code that the mother and son should ever allude to what was uppermost in their thoughts, he simply replied: "Oh, well, there's always a phase of family parties to be gone through when one gets engaged, and the sooner it's over the better.

allude - alluder, faire allusion, suggérer

uppermost - le plus haut

thoughts - réflexions, idée, pensée

phase - phase

" At which his mother merely pursed her lips under the lace veil that hung down from her grey velvet bonnet trimmed with frosted grapes.

merely - simplement, uniquement, seulement

pursed - pincé, bourse, portemonnaie, portefeuille, sac a main

veil - voile, voiler

trimmed - rognée, tailler, compenser, compensation, compensateur, assiette

frosted - givré, (frost), givre, gel

grapes - le raisin, raisin

Her revenge, he felt"her lawful revenge"would be to "draw" Mr. Jackson that evening on the Countess Olenska; and, having publicly done his duty as a future member of the Mingott clan, the young man had no objection to hearing the lady discussed in private"except that the subject was already beginning to bore him.

revenge - la vengeance, vengeance, revanche, venger

lawful - légale, légal

publicly - publiquement

objection - objection

Mr. Jackson had helped himself to a slice of the tepid filet which the mournful butler had handed him with a look as sceptical as his own, and had rejected the mushroom sauce after a scarcely perceptible sniff. He looked baffled and hungry, and Archer reflected that he would probably finish his meal on Ellen Olenska.

filet - filet

mournful - triste, affligé, éploré, mélancolique, lugubre

sceptical - sceptique

mushroom - champignon, champignonner

scarcely - a peine, a peine, guere

perceptible - perceptible

sniff - sniff, renifler, sniffer

baffled - déconcerté, déconcerter, dérouter

Mr. Jackson leaned back in his chair, and glanced up at the candlelit Archers, Newlands and van der Luydens hanging in dark frames on the dark walls.

candlelit - aux chandelles

"Ah, how your grandfather Archer loved a good dinner, my dear Newland!" he said, his eyes on the portrait of a plump full-chested young man in a stock and a blue coat, with a view of a white-columned country-house behind him. "Well"well"well ... I wonder what he would have said to all these foreign marriages!"

chested - poitrine

columned - en colonne

Mrs. Archer ignored the allusion to the ancestral cuisine and Mr. Jackson continued with deliberation: "No, she was NOT at the ball."

ancestral - ancestral

cuisine - cuisine, art culinaire

"Ah"" Mrs. Archer murmured, in a tone that implied: "She had that decency."

implied - implicite, impliquer, insinuer, sous-entendre

"Perhaps the Beauforts don't know her," Janey suggested, with her artless malice.

malice - malveillance, méchanceté

Mr. Jackson gave a faint sip, as if he had been tasting invisible Madeira. "Mrs. Beaufort may not"but Beaufort certainly does, for she was seen walking up Fifth Avenue this afternoon with him by the whole of New York."

sip - gorgée, siroter

"Mercy"" moaned Mrs. Archer, evidently perceiving the uselessness of trying to ascribe the actions of foreigners to a sense of delicacy.

mercy - la pitié, miséricorde, pitié

moaned - gémi, gémissement, se plaindre, geindre, gémir, mugir

perceiving - percevoir, apercevant, (perceive)

Uselessness - inutilité

ascribe - imputer, attribuer, preter

delicacy - délicatesse, gourmandise

"I wonder if she wears a round hat or a bonnet in the afternoon," Janey speculated. "At the Opera I know she had on dark blue velvet, perfectly plain and flat"like a night-gown."

speculated - spéculé, spéculer

plain - simple, unie, net, plaine

"Janey!" said her mother; and Miss Archer blushed and tried to look audacious.

audacious - audacieux

"It was, at any rate, in better taste not to go to the ball," Mrs. Archer continued.

A spirit of perversity moved her son to rejoin: "I don't think it was a question of taste with her. May said she meant to go, and then decided that the dress in question wasn't smart enough."

rejoin - rejoins, rejoignons, rejoignez, rejoignent

Mrs. Archer smiled at this confirmation of her inference. "Poor Ellen," she simply remarked; adding compassionately: "We must always bear in mind what an eccentric bringing-up Medora Manson gave her. What can you expect of a girl who was allowed to wear black satin at her coming-out ball?"

confirmation - confirmation, vérification

inference - inférence, déduction

compassionately - avec compassion

eccentric - excentrique

"Ah"don't I remember her in it!" said Mr. Jackson; adding: "Poor girl!" in the tone of one who, while enjoying the memory, had fully understood at the time what the sight portended.

portended - prévue, annoncer, présager

"It's odd," Janey remarked, "that she should have kept such an ugly name as Ellen. I should have changed it to Elaine." She glanced about the table to see the effect of this.

Her brother laughed. "Why Elaine?"

"I don't know; it sounds more"more Polish," said Janey, blushing.

blushing - rougir, (blush) rougir

"It sounds more conspicuous; and that can hardly be what she wishes," said Mrs. Archer distantly.

more conspicuous - plus visible

"Why not?" broke in her son, growing suddenly argumentative. "Why shouldn't she be conspicuous if she chooses? Why should she slink about as if it were she who had disgraced herself? She's 'poor Ellen'certainly, because she had the bad luck to make a wretched marriage; but I don't see that that's a reason for hiding her head as if she were the culprit."

argumentative - argumentatif

conspicuous - qui se remarque aisément, visible, voyant, remarquable

disgraced - déshonorée, honte, disgrâce, ignominie

wretched - misérable

culprit - coupable

"That, I suppose," said Mr. Jackson, speculatively, "is the line the Mingotts mean to take."

speculatively - de maniere spéculative

The young man reddened. "I didn't have to wait for their cue, if that's what you mean, sir. Madame Olenska has had an unhappy life: that doesn't make her an outcast."

reddened - rougis, rougir, faire rougir

cue - cue, réplique

outcast - exclu, faillir

"There are rumours," began Mr. Jackson, glancing at Janey.

rumours - rumeurs, rumeur

glancing - un coup d'oil, (glance), jeter un coup d’oil

"Oh, I know: the secretary," the young man took him up. "Nonsense, mother; Janey's grown-up. They say, don't they," he went on, "that the secretary helped her to get away from her brute of a husband, who kept her practically a prisoner? Well, what if he did? I hope there isn't a man among us who wouldn't have done the same in such a case."

nonsense - des absurdités, betise, absurdité, sottise (s)

practically - pratiquement, quasiment

Mr. Jackson glanced over his shoulder to say to the sad butler: "Perhaps ... that sauce ... just a little, after all""; then, having helped himself, he remarked: "I'm told she's looking for a house. She means to live here."

"I hear she means to get a divorce," said Janey boldly.

divorce - divorce, divorcer

"I hope she will!" Archer exclaimed.

The word had fallen like a bombshell in the pure and tranquil atmosphere of the Archer dining-room. Mrs. Archer raised her delicate eye-brows in the particular curve that signified: "The butler"" and the young man, himself mindful of the bad taste of discussing such intimate matters in public, hastily branched off into an account of his visit to old Mrs. Mingott.

bombshell - bombshell, bombe, obus, surprise

tranquil - tranquille

dining - dîner, vacarme

brows - les sourcils, (brow), andouiller d'oil, maître andouiller

signified - signifié, (signify), signifier

mindful - etre attentif a qqch

branched off - bifurquer

After dinner, according to immemorial custom, Mrs.

immemorial - immémoriale

Archer and Janey trailed their long silk draperies up to the drawing-room, where, while the gentlemen smoked below stairs, they sat beside a Carcel lamp with an engraved globe, facing each other across a rosewood work-table with a green silk bag under it, and stitched at the two ends of a tapestry band of field-flowers destined to adorn an "occasional" chair in the drawing-room of young Mrs.

trailed - suivi, pister, suivre, traîner, piste, traces-p, sentier

draperies - draperies, rideau

Carcel - carcel

engraved - gravé, graver

globe - Terre, globe

stitched - cousu, point, maille

tapestry - tapisserie, rench: t-needed r

adorn - décorer, orner, parer

Newland Archer.

While this rite was in progress in the drawing-room, Archer settled Mr. Jackson in an armchair near the fire in the Gothic library and handed him a cigar. Mr.

rite - rite

Jackson sank into the armchair with satisfaction, lit his cigar with perfect confidence (it was Newland who bought them), and stretching his thin old ankles to the coals, said: "You say the secretary merely helped her to get away, my dear fellow? Well, he was still helping her a year later, then; for somebody met 'em living at Lausanne together."

stretching - l'étirement, étendre, s'étendre, s'étirer, étirement

Newland reddened. "Living together? Well, why not? Who had the right to make her life over if she hadn't? I'm sick of the hypocrisy that would bury alive a woman of her age if her husband prefers to live with harlots."

hypocrisy - l'hypocrisie, hypocrisie, faux-culterie

harlots - des prostituées, prostituée, putain, catin, pute, fille de joie

He stopped and turned away angrily to light his cigar. "Women ought to be free"as free as we are," he declared, making a discovery of which he was too irritated to measure the terrific consequences.

irritated - irritée, agacer (displeasure)

terrific - formidable, fantastique

Mr. Sillerton Jackson stretched his ankles nearer the coals and emitted a sardonic whistle.

emitted - émis, émettre

sardonic - sardonique

whistle - sifflet, siffler, sifflement, sifflements

"Well," he said after a pause, "apparently Count Olenski takes your view; for I never heard of his having lifted a finger to get his wife back."

pause - pauser, pause

apparently - apparemment, évidemment, en apparence


That evening, after Mr. Jackson had taken himself away, and the ladies had retired to their chintz-curtained bedroom, Newland Archer mounted thoughtfully to his own study.

chintz - chintz

thoughtfully - de maniere réfléchie

A vigilant hand had, as usual, kept the fire alive and the lamp trimmed; and the room, with its rows and rows of books, its bronze and steel statuettes of "The Fencers" on the mantelpiece and its many photographs of famous pictures, looked singularly home-like and welcoming.

vigilant - vigilant

rows - rangées, rang(ée)

bronze - le bronze, bronze, airain, hâlé, bronzé, tanné (par le soleil)

statuettes - statuettes, statuette

fencers - escrimeurs, escrimeur, escrimeuse

mantelpiece - tablette de cheminée

singularly - singulierement

As he dropped into his armchair near the fire his eyes rested on a large photograph of May Welland, which the young girl had given him in the first days of their romance, and which had now displaced all the other portraits on the table. With a new sense of awe he looked at the frank forehead, serious eyes and gay innocent mouth of the young creature whose soul's custodian he was to be.

awe - la stupeur, crainte, révérence, admiration

frank - franche, franc

gay - gay, gai

creature - créature, etre

custodian - dépositaire, gardien, gardienne

That terrifying product of the social system he belonged to and believed in, the young girl who knew nothing and expected everything, looked back at him like a stranger through May Welland's familiar features; and once more it was borne in on him that marriage was not the safe anchorage he had been taught to think, but a voyage on uncharted seas.

social system - systeme social

anchorage - l'ancrage, ancrage

uncharted - non répertoriée

The case of the Countess Olenska had stirred up old settled convictions and set them drifting dangerously through his mind. His own exclamation: "Women should be free"as free as we are," struck to the root of a problem that it was agreed in his world to regard as non-existent.

stirred - remué, brasser, agiter

dangerously - dangereusement

root - racine, enraciner, enracinez, enracinons, enracinent, rave

regard - regard, considérer, égard, estime

existent - existent, existant

"Nice" women, however wronged, would never claim the kind of freedom he meant, and generous-minded men like himself were therefore"in the heat of argument"the more chivalrously ready to concede it to them. Such verbal generosities were in fact only a humbugging disguise of the inexorable conventions that tied things together and bound people down to the old pattern.

freedom - la liberté, liberté

concede - concéder, admettre, concéder que, reconnaître

verbal - verbal, oral

generosities - générosités, générosité, bonté

disguise - déguisement, déguiser

inexorable - inexorable

bound - lié, entrain, (bind), lier, attacher, nouer, connecter, coupler

But here he was pledged to defend, on the part of his betrothed's cousin, conduct that, on his own wife's part, would justify him in calling down on her all the thunders of Church and State. Of course the dilemma was purely hypothetical; since he wasn't a blackguard Polish nobleman, it was absurd to speculate what his wife's rights would be if he WERE.

pledged - promis, promettre, mettre en gage, serment, gage

defend - défendre

conduct - comportement, conduite, se comporter, conduire, mener

justify - justifier

thunders - tonnerres, tonnerre, tonner, tonitruer

dilemma - dilemme

purely - purement

hypothetical - hypothétique

blackguard - garde noire

nobleman - noble

absurd - absurde

speculate - spéculer

But Newland Archer was too imaginative not to feel that, in his case and May's, the tie might gall for reasons far less gross and palpable. What could he and she really know of each other, since it was his duty, as a "decent" fellow, to conceal his past from her, and hers, as a marriageable girl, to have no past to conceal?

imaginative - imaginatif

gall - le fiel, fiel, bile

Gross - brut, dégoutant, dégueulasse, grossier, grossiere, grosse

palpable - palpable

decent - integre, décent, substantiel

conceal - dissimuler, cacher

marriageable - mariable

What if, for some one of the subtler reasons that would tell with both of them, they should tire of each other, misunderstand or irritate each other? He reviewed his friends'marriages"the supposedly happy ones"and saw none that answered, even remotely, to the passionate and tender comradeship which he pictured as his permanent relation with May Welland.

tire - fatiguer, pneu, pneumatique

misunderstand - mal compris, mal interpréter, méprendre, mécomprendre

irritate - irriter, agacer (displeasure)

supposedly - soi-disant

remotely - a distance

passionate - passionné

comradeship - la camaraderie, camaraderie

permanent - permanent, permanente

He perceived that such a picture presupposed, on her part, the experience, the versatility, the freedom of judgment, which she had been carefully trained not to possess; and with a shiver of foreboding he saw his marriage becoming what most of the other marriages about him were: a dull association of material and social interests held together by ignorance on the one side and hypocrisy on the other. Lawrence Lefferts occurred to him as the husband who had most completely realised this enviable ideal. As became the high-priest of form, he had formed a wife so completely to his own convenience that, in the most conspicuous moments of his frequent love-affairs with other men's wives, she went about in smiling unconsciousness, saying that "Lawrence was so frightfully strict"; and had been known to blush indignantly, and avert her gaze, when some one alluded in her presence to the fact that Julius Beaufort (as became a "foreigner" of doubtful origin) had what was known in New York as "another establishment."

presupposed - présupposé, présupposer

versatility - la polyvalence, polyvalence

judgment - jugement, sentence, verdict, jugement dernier

possess - posséder, s'emparer de

shiver - frisson, trembler, frissonner

foreboding - un pressentiment, mauvais pressentiment, (forebode) un pressentiment

Association - association

ignorance - l'ignorance, ignorance

convenience - la commodité, convenance, commodité, avantage, commodités

most conspicuous - le plus visible

frequent - fréquents, fréquenter

unconsciousness - l'inconscience, inconscience

frightfully - effrayante

strict - stricte, strict

blush - rougir

indignantly - avec indignation

avert - éviter, prévenir

gaze - regard, fixer

doubtful - douteux, douteuse

origin - origine, source

establishment - établissement, systeme, classe dirigeante, establishment

Archer tried to console himself with the thought that he was not quite such an ass as Larry Lefferts, nor May such a simpleton as poor Gertrude; but the difference was after all one of intelligence and not of standards.

console - console, consolons, consolent, consoler, consolez

ass - cul, aliboron, ane, âne

In reality they all lived in a kind of hieroglyphic world, where the real thing was never said or done or even thought, but only represented by a set of arbitrary signs; as when Mrs.

hieroglyphic - hiéroglyphes, hiéroglyphique

arbitrary - arbitraire, quelconque

Welland, who knew exactly why Archer had pressed her to announce her daughter's engagement at the Beaufort ball (and had indeed expected him to do no less), yet felt obliged to simulate reluctance, and the air of having had her hand forced, quite as, in the books on Primitive Man that people of advanced culture were beginning to read, the savage bride is dragged with shrieks from her parents'tent.

obliged - obligée, imposer, obliger, rendre service

simulate - simuler, checkimiter

primitive - primitif, primitive

savage - barbare, féroce, sauvage

dragged - traîné, tirer, entraîner

shrieks - des cris, hurlement, crier

The result, of course, was that the young girl who was the centre of this elaborate system of mystification remained the more inscrutable for her very frankness and assurance.

elaborate - élaborer, approfondir

frankness - la franchise, franchise

assurance - l'assurance, assurance, culot

She was frank, poor darling, because she had nothing to conceal, assured because she knew of nothing to be on her guard against; and with no better preparation than this, she was to be plunged overnight into what people evasively called "the facts of life."

preparation - préparation, concoction

plunged - plongé, plonger

overnight - pendant la nuit, du jour au lendemain, nocturne, nuitée

evasively - évasivement

The young man was sincerely but placidly in love. He delighted in the radiant good looks of his betrothed, in her health, her horsemanship, her grace and quickness at games, and the shy interest in books and ideas that she was beginning to develop under his guidance.

sincerely - sincerement

horsemanship - l'équitation

quickness - la rapidité, rapidité

(She had advanced far enough to join him in ridiculing the Idyls of the King, but not to feel the beauty of Ulysses and the Lotus Eaters.) She was straightforward, loyal and brave; she had a sense of humour (chiefly proved by her laughing at HIS jokes); and he suspected, in the depths of her innocently-gazing soul, a glow of feeling that it would be a joy to waken.

ridiculing - ridiculiser, tourner en ridicule

lotus - lotus

eaters - mangeurs, mangeur

straightforward - direct, simple, franc, facile, aisé

loyal - loyal, fidele

suspected - soupçonné, suspecter, soupçonner

innocently - en toute innocence

gazing - regarder, fixer

glow - l'éclat, briller, luire, irradier, lueur, éclat

waken - se réveiller

But when he had gone the brief round of her he returned discouraged by the thought that all this frankness and innocence were only an artificial product. Untrained human nature was not frank and innocent; it was full of the twists and defences of an instinctive guile.

discouraged - découragé, décourager, dissuader

artificial - artificiels

untrained - sans formation

twists - torsions, twist, torsion, entortiller, tordre

defences - défenses, défense

instinctive - instinctif

guile - ruse, astuce

And he felt himself oppressed by this creation of factitious purity, so cunningly manufactured by a conspiracy of mothers and aunts and grandmothers and long-dead ancestresses, because it was supposed to be what he wanted, what he had a right to, in order that he might exercise his lordly pleasure in smashing it like an image made of snow.

oppressed - opprimés, opprimer, oppresser

creation - création

factitious - factice

cunningly - astucieusement, ingénieusement, d'une maniere rusée

manufactured - fabriqués, production, produit, fabriquer, produire

conspiracy - conspiration, complot

smashing - fracassant, smash, fracasser, percuter, écraser

There was a certain triteness in these reflections: they were those habitual to young men on the approach of their wedding day. But they were generally accompanied by a sense of compunction and self-abasement of which Newland Archer felt no trace.

triteness - la banalité

reflections - réflexions, réflexion, reflet, qualifiereaning 4

habitual - habituel

approach - approche, approchons, abordent, abordez, rapprochons

accompanied - accompagné, accompagner

compunction - complication, scrupule, remords, componction

self - soi, soi-meme

abasement - l'abaissement, humiliation

trace - trace, projection horizontale, décalquer

He could not deplore (as Thackeray's heroes so often exasperated him by doing) that he had not a blank page to offer his bride in exchange for the unblemished one she was to give to him.

deplore - déplorer

exasperated - exaspéré, exaspérer

unblemished - sans tache

He could not get away from the fact that if he had been brought up as she had they would have been no more fit to find their way about than the Babes in the Wood; nor could he, for all his anxious cogitations, see any honest reason (any, that is, unconnected with his own momentary pleasure, and the passion of masculine vanity) why his bride should not have been allowed the same freedom of experience as himself.

anxious - anxieux, désireux

cogitations - cogitations, cogitation

unconnected - sans lien

Such questions, at such an hour, were bound to drift through his mind; but he was conscious that their uncomfortable persistence and precision were due to the inopportune arrival of the Countess Olenska.

drift - dérive, dériver, errer, dévier

persistence - persistance

precision - précision

inopportune - inopportun

Here he was, at the very moment of his betrothal"a moment for pure thoughts and cloudless hopes"pitchforked into a coil of scandal which raised all the special problems he would have preferred to let lie. "Hang Ellen Olenska!" he grumbled, as he covered his fire and began to undress.

pitchforked - a la fourche, fourche

coil - bobine, spirale

Scandal - scandale, esclandre

undress - se déshabiller, déshabiller

He could not really see why her fate should have the least bearing on his; yet he dimly felt that he had only just begun to measure the risks of the championship which his engagement had forced upon him.

fate - le destin, destin, destinée, sort

dimly - faiblement, obscurément, vaguement, confusément

A few days later the bolt fell.

bolt - boulon, verrouiller, pene

The Lovell Mingotts had sent out cards for what was known as "a formal dinner" (that is, three extra footmen, two dishes for each course, and a Roman punch in the middle), and had headed their invitations with the words "To meet the Countess Olenska," in accordance with the hospitable American fashion, which treats strangers as if they were royalties, or at least as their ambassadors.

accordance - accord, accordance

royalties - royalties, regne, royalty, redevance, droit d'auteur

The guests had been selected with a boldness and discrimination in which the initiated recognised the firm hand of Catherine the Great. Associated with such immemorial standbys as the Selfridge Merrys, who were asked everywhere because they always had been, the Beauforts, on whom there was a claim of relationship, and Mr.

boldness - l'audace, audace

discrimination - la discrimination, discrimination

Sillerton Jackson and his sister Sophy (who went wherever her brother told her to), were some of the most fashionable and yet most irreproachable of the dominant "young married" set; the Lawrence Leffertses, Mrs. Lefferts Rushworth (the lovely widow), the Harry Thorleys, the Reggie Chiverses and young Morris Dagonet and his wife (who was a van der Luyden).

wherever - ou

most fashionable - le plus a la mode

most irreproachable - le plus irréprochable

dominant - dominante, dominant

Harry - Harry

The company indeed was perfectly assorted, since all the members belonged to the little inner group of people who, during the long New York season, disported themselves together daily and nightly with apparently undiminished zest.

disported - déclarée, s'amuser, divertissement

nightly - tous les soirs

undiminished - sans diminution

zest - entrain, zeste

Forty-eight hours later the unbelievable had happened; every one had refused the Mingotts'invitation except the Beauforts and old Mr. Jackson and his sister.

unbelievable - incroyable

The intended slight was emphasised by the fact that even the Reggie Chiverses, who were of the Mingott clan, were among those inflicting it; and by the uniform wording of the notes, in all of which the writers "regretted that they were unable to accept," without the mitigating plea of a "previous engagement" that ordinary courtesy prescribed.

emphasised - souligné, accent, emphase, graisse (4)

inflicting - infliger

regretted - regretté, regretter, regret

mitigating - atténuant, réduire, atténuer, mitiger

plea - plaidoyer, supplication, appel

courtesy - courtoisie, politesse, indulgence

prescribed - prescrite, prescrire, indiquer, ordonner

New York society was, in those days, far too small, and too scant in its resources, for every one in it (including livery-stable-keepers, butlers and cooks) not to know exactly on which evenings people were free; and it was thus possible for the recipients of Mrs. Lovell Mingott's invitations to make cruelly clear their determination not to meet the Countess Olenska.

scant - peu, insuffisant, rare, maigre

stable - étable, écurie, stable, ferme

keepers - les gardiens, gardien, gardienne, perle, conservateur

butlers - majordomes, sommelier, majordome

recipients - destinataires, receveur, receveuse, destinataire, récipiendaire

cruelly - cruellement

The blow was unexpected; but the Mingotts, as their way was, met it gallantly. Mrs. Lovell Mingott confided the case to Mrs.

gallantly - galamment

confided - confiée, faire confiance, confier

Welland, who confided it to Newland Archer; who, aflame at the outrage, appealed passionately and authoritatively to his mother; who, after a painful period of inward resistance and outward temporising, succumbed to his instances (as she always did), and immediately embracing his cause with an energy redoubled by her previous hesitations, put on her grey velvet bonnet and said: "I'll go and see Louisa van der Luyden."

aflame - en feu

outrage - l'indignation, outrage, offense, colere, rage, indignation

passionately - passionnément

authoritatively - avec autorité

resistance - résistance

outward - externe

temporising - temporisation, (temporise) temporisation

succumbed - succombé, succomber

instances - instances, instance

embracing - embrasser, étreindre, accolade

redoubled - redoublée, redoubler

The New York of Newland Archer's day was a small and slippery pyramid, in which, as yet, hardly a fissure had been made or a foothold gained. At its base was a firm foundation of what Mrs.

pyramid - pyramide

fissure - fissure

foothold - un point d'ancrage, point d'appui

Gained - gagné, gagner

foundation - fondation, fondement, fond de teint

Archer called "plain people"; an honourable but obscure majority of respectable families who (as in the case of the Spicers or the Leffertses or the Jacksons) had been raised above their level by marriage with one of the ruling clans. People, Mrs.

obscure - obscure, obscur, sibyllin, obscurcir

majority - majorité

respectable - respectable, convenable

Archer always said, were not as particular as they used to be; and with old Catherine Spicer ruling one end of Fifth Avenue, and Julius Beaufort the other, you couldn't expect the old traditions to last much longer.

Firmly narrowing upward from this wealthy but inconspicuous substratum was the compact and dominant group which the Mingotts, Newlands, Chiverses and Mansons so actively represented. Most people imagined them to be the very apex of the pyramid; but they themselves (at least those of Mrs.

upward - a la hausse

inconspicuous - discret

compact - compact, compacter

actively - activement

apex - apex, sommet, apogée

Archer's generation) were aware that, in the eyes of the professional genealogist, only a still smaller number of families could lay claim to that eminence.

genealogist - généalogiste

eminence - éminence

"Don't tell me," Mrs. Archer would say to her children, "all this modern newspaper rubbish about a New York aristocracy. If there is one, neither the Mingotts nor the Mansons belong to it; no, nor the Newlands or the Chiverses either.

Our grandfathers and great-grandfathers were just respectable English or Dutch merchants, who came to the colonies to make their fortune, and stayed here because they did so well. One of your great-grandfathers signed the Declaration, and another was a general on Washington's staff, and received General Burgoyne's sword after the battle of Saratoga.

Dutch - néerlandais, hollandais

merchants - marchands, marchand, marchande

colonies - colonies, colonie

declaration - déclaration

Washington - washington, État de Washington

Burgoyne - Burgoyne

sword - l'épée, épée, glaive, épéiste

Saratoga - Saratoga

These are things to be proud of, but they have nothing to do with rank or class. New York has always been a commercial community, and there are not more than three families in it who can claim an aristocratic origin in the real sense of the word."

rank - rang, rangée, unie, standing

aristocratic - aristocratique


Archer and her son and daughter, like every one else in New York, knew who these privileged beings were: the Dagonets of Washington Square, who came of an old English county family allied with the Pitts and Foxes; the Lannings, who had intermarried with the descendants of Count de Grasse, and the van der Luydens, direct descendants of the first Dutch governor of Manhattan, and related by pre-revolutionary marriages to several members of the French and British aristocracy.

privileged - privilégiée, privilege, privilégier

beings - etres, etre, créature, existence

county - comté

foxes - renards, renard, t+goupil, rench: -neededr, roublard

intermarried - mariées, (se) marier (entre soi)

descendants - descendants, descendant, descendante

governor - gouverneur, gouverneure

The Lannings survived only in the person of two very old but lively Miss Lannings, who lived cheerfully and reminiscently among family portraits and Chippendale; the Dagonets were a considerable clan, allied to the best names in Baltimore and Philadelphia; but the van der Luydens, who stood above all of them, had faded into a kind of super-terrestrial twilight, from which only two figures impressively emerged; those of Mr. and Mrs. Henry van der Luyden.

lively - fringant, spirituel

cheerfully - réjouie

reminiscently - en souvenir

chippendale - Chippendale

faded - fanée, mode, lubie

super - super, formidable

terrestrial - terrestre

twilight - demi-jour, crépuscule, entre chien et loup, pénombre, brumes

impressively - de maniere impressionnante

emerged - a émergé, émerger, sortir

Mrs. Henry van der Luyden had been Louisa Dagonet, and her mother had been the granddaughter of Colonel du Lac, of an old Channel Island family, who had fought under Cornwallis and had settled in Maryland, after the war, with his bride, Lady Angelica Trevenna, fifth daughter of the Earl of St. Austrey.

granddaughter - petite-fille

Colonel - colonel

lac - lac

Maryland - maryland

earl - earl, comte

The tie between the Dagonets, the du Lacs of Maryland, and their aristocratic Cornish kinsfolk, the Trevennas, had always remained close and cordial. Mr. and Mrs. van der Luyden had more than once paid long visits to the present head of the house of Trevenna, the Duke of St. Austrey, at his country-seat in Cornwall and at St.

Cornish - cornouailles, cornique

kinsfolk - parents

cordial - cordial, sirop

Duke - duke, duc

Cornwall - cornouailles, Cornouailles-s-p

Austrey in Gloucestershire; and his Grace had frequently announced his intention of some day returning their visit (without the Duchess, who feared the Atlantic).

Duchess - la duchesse, duchesse

Mr. and Mrs. van der Luyden divided their time between Trevenna, their place in Maryland, and Skuytercliff, the great estate on the Hudson which had been one of the colonial grants of the Dutch government to the famous first Governor, and of which Mr. van der Luyden was still "Patroon.

estate - patrimoine, noblesse, proprieté, biens, domaine, propriété

Colonial - coloniale, colonial

grants - des subventions, accorder, admettre

Patroon - patroon

" Their large solemn house in Madison Avenue was seldom opened, and when they came to town they received in it only their most intimate friends.

solemn - solennel

most intimate - le plus intime

"I wish you would go with me, Newland," his mother said, suddenly pausing at the door of the Brown coupe. "Louisa is fond of you; and of course it's on account of dear May that I'm taking this step"and also because, if we don't all stand together, there'll be no such thing as Society left."

pausing - une pause, (pause), pauser, pause

stand together - rester ensemble


Mrs. Henry van der Luyden listened in silence to her cousin Mrs. Archer's narrative.

silence - le silence, silence

It was all very well to tell yourself in advance that Mrs. van der Luyden was always silent, and that, though non-committal by nature and training, she was very kind to the people she really liked.

committal - la mise en liberté

Even personal experience of these facts was not always a protection from the chill that descended on one in the high-ceilinged white-walled Madison Avenue drawing-room, with the pale brocaded armchairs so obviously uncovered for the occasion, and the gauze still veiling the ormolu mantel ornaments and the beautiful old carved frame of Gainsborough's "Lady Angelica du Lac."

protection - protection

chill - refroidissement, froid

ceilinged - plafonné

armchairs - fauteuils, fauteuil, chaise bourrée

uncovered - a découvert, découvrir

gauze - gaze

veiling - le voile, (veil), voile, voiler

ormolu - ormolu

Mrs. van der Luyden's portrait by Huntington (in black velvet and Venetian point) faced that of her lovely ancestress. It was generally considered "as fine as a Cabanel," and, though twenty years had elapsed since its execution, was still "a perfect likeness." Indeed the Mrs. van der Luyden who sat beneath it listening to Mrs.

venetian - vénitien, Vénitienne

elapsed - s'est écoulé, passer

execution - l'exécution, exécution

Archer might have been the twin-sister of the fair and still youngish woman drooping against a gilt armchair before a green rep curtain. Mrs. van der Luyden still wore black velvet and Venetian point when she went into society"or rather (since she never dined out) when she threw open her own doors to receive it.

twin-sister - (twin-sister) sour jumelle

youngish - jeune

rep - rep

Her fair hair, which had faded without turning grey, was still parted in flat overlapping points on her forehead, and the straight nose that divided her pale blue eyes was only a little more pinched about the nostrils than when the portrait had been painted.

turning grey - qui devient gris

overlapping - se chevauchent, chevaucher

pinched - pincé, pincer, chiper, pincement, pincée

nostrils - narines, narine, qualifier

She always, indeed, struck Newland Archer as having been rather gruesomely preserved in the airless atmosphere of a perfectly irreproachable existence, as bodies caught in glaciers keep for years a rosy life-in-death.

gruesomely - horriblement

preserved - préservée, confiture, conserve, réserve naturelle

irreproachable - irréprochable

existence - l'existence, existence

glaciers - glaciers, glacier

Like all his family, he esteemed and admired Mrs. van der Luyden; but he found her gentle bending sweetness less approachable than the grimness of some of his mother's old aunts, fierce spinsters who said "No" on principle before they knew what they were going to be asked.

esteemed - estimé, estime, respect, respecter

approachable - accessible

grimness - la sinistrose

fierce - féroce

spinsters - les vieilles filles, vieille fille

on principle - par principe

Mrs. van der Luyden's attitude said neither yes nor no, but always appeared to incline to clemency till her thin lips, wavering into the shadow of a smile, made the almost invariable reply: "I shall first have to talk this over with my husband."

clemency - la clémence, clémence, compassion, pitié, miséricorde

invariable - invariable

She and Mr. van der Luyden were so exactly alike that Archer often wondered how, after forty years of the closest conjugality, two such merged identities ever separated themselves enough for anything as controversial as a talking-over. But as neither had ever reached a decision without prefacing it by this mysterious conclave, Mrs.

alike - comme, semblable, pareil, analogue, pareillement

conjugality - conjugalité

merged - fusionné, fusionner, amalgamer

controversial - controversé

prefacing - le préambule, préface, préfacer

conclave - conclave

Archer and her son, having set forth their case, waited resignedly for the familiar phrase.

forth - avant, en avant

resignedly - avec résignation

Mrs. van der Luyden, however, who had seldom surprised any one, now surprised them by reaching her long hand toward the bell-rope.

"I think," she said, "I should like Henry to hear what you have told me."

A footman appeared, to whom she gravely added: "If Mr. van der Luyden has finished reading the newspaper, please ask him to be kind enough to come."

footman - valet de pied, laquais

gravely - gravement

She said "reading the newspaper" in the tone in which a Minister's wife might have said: "Presiding at a Cabinet meeting""not from any arrogance of mind, but because the habit of a life-time, and the attitude of her friends and relations, had led her to consider Mr. van der Luyden's least gesture as having an almost sacerdotal importance.

minister - ministre, ministériel

presiding - préside-t-il, présider

cabinet - armoire, cabinet

arrogance - l'arrogance, arrogance

gesture - geste, signe

sacerdotal - sacerdotal

Her promptness of action showed that she considered the case as pressing as Mrs. Archer; but, lest she should be thought to have committed herself in advance, she added, with the sweetest look: "Henry always enjoys seeing you, dear Adeline; and he will wish to congratulate Newland."

promptness - la rapidité, rapidité, checkpromptitude

congratulate - féliciter

The double doors had solemnly reopened and between them appeared Mr. Henry van der Luyden, tall, spare and frock-coated, with faded fair hair, a straight nose like his wife's and the same look of frozen gentleness in eyes that were merely pale grey instead of pale blue.

reopened - rouvert, rouvrir, réouvrir, rench: se rouvrir

spare - de rechange, épargner, loisirs, économiser

frock - robe de chambre, robe

gentleness - la douceur, rench:

Mr. van der Luyden greeted Mrs. Archer with cousinly affability, proffered to Newland low-voiced congratulations couched in the same language as his wife's, and seated himself in one of the brocade armchairs with the simplicity of a reigning sovereign.

affability - l'affabilité, affabilité, liant

proffered - proposée, offrir, entreprendre

congratulations - félicitations, félicitation

couched - couché, canapé

simplicity - la simplicité, simplicité

reigning - régnant, regne, régner

sovereign - souveraine, souverain

"I had just finished reading the Times," he said, laying his long finger-tips together. "In town my mornings are so much occupied that I find it more convenient to read the newspapers after luncheon."

occupied - occupée, occuper, habiter

"Ah, there's a great deal to be said for that plan"indeed I think my uncle Egmont used to say he found it less agitating not to read the morning papers till after dinner," said Mrs. Archer responsively.

responsively - de maniere réactive

"Yes: my good father abhorred hurry. But now we live in a constant rush," said Mr. van der Luyden in measured tones, looking with pleasant deliberation about the large shrouded room which to Archer was so complete an image of its owners.

abhorred - abhorré, avoir horreur

constant - constant, constante

tones - tons, ton

shrouded - enveloppée, linceul

owners - propriétaires, propriétaire

"But I hope you HAD finished your reading, Henry?" his wife interposed.

"Quite"quite," he reassured her.

reassured - rassuré, tranquilliser, rassurer, réassurer

"Then I should like Adeline to tell you""

"Oh, it's really Newland's story," said his mother smiling; and proceeded to rehearse once more the monstrous tale of the affront inflicted on Mrs. Lovell Mingott.

proceeded - a procédé, avancer, procéder

rehearse - rabâcher, ressasser, répéter

Tale - conte, récit

affront - affront, défier, jeter le gant, envoyer un cartel

inflicted - infligé, infliger

"Of course," she ended, "Augusta Welland and Mary Mingott both felt that, especially in view of Newland's engagement, you and Henry OUGHT TO KNOW."

Mary - marie

"Ah"" said Mr. van der Luyden, drawing a deep breath.

There was a silence during which the tick of the monumental ormolu clock on the white marble mantelpiece grew as loud as the boom of a minute-gun.

the tick - Le tic

boom - boom, forte hausse

Archer contemplated with awe the two slender faded figures, seated side by side in a kind of viceregal rigidity, mouthpieces of some remote ancestral authority which fate compelled them to wield, when they would so much rather have lived in simplicity and seclusion, digging invisible weeds out of the perfect lawns of Skuytercliff, and playing Patience together in the evenings.

slender - svelte, mince

viceregal - vice-royal

rigidity - la rigidité, rigidité, raideur

mouthpieces - embouchures, microphone, micro, embouchure, porte-parole-p-p

compelled - contraint, contraindre, forcer, obliger

wield - manier, brandir, exercer

seclusion - l'isolement, isolement, séclusion

digging - creusant, (dig) creusant

weeds - les mauvaises herbes, (weed) les mauvaises herbes

lawns - pelouses, pelouse

Mr. van der Luyden was the first to speak.

"You really think this is due to some"some intentional interference of Lawrence Lefferts's?" he enquired, turning to Archer.

intentional - intentionnelle

interference - l'interférence, ingérence, interférence

"I'm certain of it, sir.

Larry has been going it rather harder than usual lately"if cousin Louisa won't mind my mentioning it"having rather a stiff affair with the postmaster's wife in their village, or some one of that sort; and whenever poor Gertrude Lefferts begins to suspect anything, and he's afraid of trouble, he gets up a fuss of this kind, to show how awfully moral he is, and talks at the top of his voice about the impertinence of inviting his wife to meet people he doesn't wish her to know. He's simply using Madame Olenska as a lightning-rod; I've seen him try the same thing often before."

lately - dernierement

stiff - rigide, raide, macchabée

affair - affaire, aventure, liaison

Postmaster - maître de poste

suspect - suspecter, soupçonner, suspect

fuss - l'agitation, agitation, histoires, s’agiter, s’empresser

lightning-rod - (lightning-rod) paratonnerre

"The LEFFERTSES!"" said Mrs. van der Luyden.

"The LEFFERTSES!"" echoed Mrs. Archer. "What would uncle Egmont have said of Lawrence Lefferts's pronouncing on anybody's social position? It shows what Society has come to."

"We'll hope it has not quite come to that," said Mr. van der Luyden firmly.

"Ah, if only you and Louisa went out more!" sighed Mrs. Archer.

sighed - soupiré, soupirer

But instantly she became aware of her mistake. The van der Luydens were morbidly sensitive to any criticism of their secluded existence. They were the arbiters of fashion, the Court of last Appeal, and they knew it, and bowed to their fate.

morbidly - morbide

criticism - critiques, critique

arbiters - des arbitres, arbitre

But being shy and retiring persons, with no natural inclination for their part, they lived as much as possible in the sylvan solitude of Skuytercliff, and when they came to town, declined all invitations on the plea of Mrs. van der Luyden's health.

inclination - inclinaison, checktendance

sylvan - sylvain, sylvestre

solitude - la solitude, solitude

declined - refusé, déclin

Newland Archer came to his mother's rescue. "Everybody in New York knows what you and cousin Louisa represent. That's why Mrs. Mingott felt she ought not to allow this slight on Countess Olenska to pass without consulting you."

rescue - secours, délivrer, secourir, sauver, checksauver, sauvetage

consulting - consultation, concerter

Mrs. van der Luyden glanced at her husband, who glanced back at her.

"It is the principle that I dislike," said Mr. van der Luyden. "As long as a member of a well-known family is backed up by that family it should be considered"final."

principle - principe

"It seems so to me," said his wife, as if she were producing a new thought.

"I had no idea," Mr. van der Luyden continued, "that things had come to such a pass." He paused, and looked at his wife again. "It occurs to me, my dear, that the Countess Olenska is already a sort of relation"through Medora Manson's first husband. At any rate, she will be when Newland marries." He turned toward the young man. "Have you read this morning's Times, Newland?"

"Why, yes, sir," said Archer, who usually tossed off half a dozen papers with his morning coffee.

tossed - ballotté, jet, au pile ou face, tirage au sort, pile ou face

dozen - douzaine, dizaine

Husband and wife looked at each other again. Their pale eyes clung together in prolonged and serious consultation; then a faint smile fluttered over Mrs. van der Luyden's face. She had evidently guessed and approved.

prolonged - prolongée, prolonger

consultation - consultation

fluttered - flotté, faséyer, voleter, voltiger, battement

Mr. van der Luyden turned to Mrs. Archer. "If Louisa's health allowed her to dine out"I wish you would say to Mrs. Lovell Mingott"she and I would have been happy to"er"fill the places of the Lawrence Leffertses at her dinner." He paused to let the irony of this sink in. "As you know, this is impossible." Mrs. Archer sounded a sympathetic assent.

er - er, euh

irony - l'ironie, ironie

sounded a - a sonné

sympathetic - sympathique

assent - l'assentiment, assentir, assentiment

"But Newland tells me he has read this morning's Times; therefore he has probably seen that Louisa's relative, the Duke of St. Austrey, arrives next week on the Russia. He is coming to enter his new sloop, the Guinevere, in next summer's International Cup Race; and also to have a little canvasback shooting at Trevenna." Mr.

Russia - la russie, Russie

sloop - sloop

Guinevere - guenievre, Guenievre

canvasback - le canard a queue blanche

van der Luyden paused again, and continued with increasing benevolence: "Before taking him down to Maryland we are inviting a few friends to meet him here"only a little dinner"with a reception afterward. I am sure Louisa will be as glad as I am if Countess Olenska will let us include her among our guests.

benevolence - la bienveillance, bienveillance, bénévolence

" He got up, bent his long body with a stiff friendliness toward his cousin, and added: "I think I have Louisa's authority for saying that she will herself leave the invitation to dine when she drives out presently: with our cards"of course with our cards."

friendliness - l'amabilité, gentillesse, cordialité

Mrs. Archer, who knew this to be a hint that the seventeen-hand chestnuts which were never kept waiting were at the door, rose with a hurried murmur of thanks. Mrs. van der Luyden beamed on her with the smile of Esther interceding with Ahasuerus; but her husband raised a protesting hand.

chestnuts - des châtaignes, châtaigne, marron, châtain, châtaigner

beamed - téléporté, madrier, poutre, merrain, perche, limon, timon, age

Esther - esther

"There is nothing to thank me for, dear Adeline; nothing whatever. This kind of thing must not happen in New York; it shall not, as long as I can help it," he pronounced with sovereign gentleness as he steered his cousins to the door.

steered - piloté, bouvillon

Two hours later, every one knew that the great C-spring barouche in which Mrs. van der Luyden took the air at all seasons had been seen at old Mrs. Mingott's door, where a large square envelope was handed in; and that evening at the Opera Mr.

barouche - barouche

envelope - enveloppe

handed in - remis

Sillerton Jackson was able to state that the envelope contained a card inviting the Countess Olenska to the dinner which the van der Luydens were giving the following week for their cousin, the Duke of St. Austrey.

Some of the younger men in the club box exchanged a smile at this announcement, and glanced sideways at Lawrence Lefferts, who sat carelessly in the front of the box, pulling his long fair moustache, and who remarked with authority, as the soprano paused: "No one but Patti ought to attempt the Sonnambula."

soprano - soprano

attempt - tenter, essayer, tentative, attentat


It was generally agreed in New York that the Countess Olenska had "lost her looks."

She had appeared there first, in Newland Archer's boyhood, as a brilliantly pretty little girl of nine or ten, of whom people said that she "ought to be painted." Her parents had been continental wanderers, and after a roaming babyhood she had lost them both, and been taken in charge by her aunt, Medora Manson, also a wanderer, who was herself returning to New York to "settle down."

Continental - continental

wanderers - des vagabonds, vagabond, nomade, errant, vagant

roaming - l'itinérance, errer

babyhood - l'enfance, enfance

settle - régler, décréter

Poor Medora, repeatedly widowed, was always coming home to settle down (each time in a less expensive house), and bringing with her a new husband or an adopted child; but after a few months she invariably parted from her husband or quarrelled with her ward, and, having got rid of her house at a loss, set out again on her wanderings.

repeatedly - de façon répétée

widowed - veuve

adopted - adoptée, adopter

quarrelled - se sont disputés, dispute

ward - la pupille, salle

rid - rid, débarrasser

wanderings - errances, errement, errance, divagation

As her mother had been a Rushworth, and her last unhappy marriage had linked her to one of the crazy Chiverses, New York looked indulgently on her eccentricities; but when she returned with her little orphaned niece, whose parents had been popular in spite of their regrettable taste for travel, people thought it a pity that the pretty child should be in such hands.

indulgently - avec indulgence

eccentricities - excentricités, excentricité

orphaned - orphelin, orpheline

Every one was disposed to be kind to little Ellen Mingott, though her dusky red cheeks and tight curls gave her an air of gaiety that seemed unsuitable in a child who should still have been in black for her parents.

dusky - crépusculaire

cheeks - joues, joue, fesse, culot, toupet, potence de bringuebale

unsuitable - inadaptée

It was one of the misguided Medora's many peculiarities to flout the unalterable rules that regulated American mourning, and when she stepped from the steamer her family were scandalised to see that the crape veil she wore for her own brother was seven inches shorter than those of her sisters-in-law, while little Ellen was in crimson merino and amber beads, like a gipsy foundling.

peculiarities - particularités, singularité, bizarrerie, étrangeté

flout - flout, mépriser, se moquer de

regulated - réglementé, régler

mourning - le deuil, deuil, (mourn), déplorer, porter le deuil

steamer - vapeur

inches - pouces, pouce

merino - mérinos

amber - l'ambre, ambre, ambre jaune, couleur d'ambre, feu orange

beads - perles, grain, perle, gouttelette

gipsy - Gipsy

Foundling - enfant trouvé

But New York had so long resigned itself to Medora that only a few old ladies shook their heads over Ellen's gaudy clothes, while her other relations fell under the charm of her high colour and high spirits.

resigned - résigné, démissionner

gaudy - criardes, criard

charm - charme, excitation, grâce

high spirits - Esprit vif

She was a fearless and familiar little thing, who asked disconcerting questions, made precocious comments, and possessed outlandish arts, such as dancing a Spanish shawl dance and singing Neapolitan love-songs to a guitar. Under the direction of her aunt (whose real name was Mrs.

fearless - sans peur, courageux, brave, intrépide

disconcerting - déconcertant, déconcerter, fr

precocious - précoce

outlandish - farfelu

shawl - châle

Neapolitan - napolitain, tranche napolitaine

Thorley Chivers, but who, having received a Papal title, had resumed her first husband's patronymic, and called herself the Marchioness Manson, because in Italy she could turn it into Manzoni) the little girl received an expensive but incoherent education, which included "drawing from the model," a thing never dreamed of before, and playing the piano in quintets with professional musicians.

Papal - papal

resumed - reprise, reprendre

patronymic - patronymique, patronyme

Marchioness - marquise

Italy - l'italie, Italie

incoherent - incohérent

quintets - quintettes, quintette

Of course no good could come of this; and when, a few years later, poor Chivers finally died in a madhouse, his widow (draped in strange weeds) again pulled up stakes and departed with Ellen, who had grown into a tall bony girl with conspicuous eyes.

draped - drapé, draper

stakes - enjeux, pieu, pal, tuteur, jalon, piquet, poteau

departed - parti, partir, s’en aller, dévier, quitter

bony - osseux

For some time no more was heard of them; then news came of Ellen's marriage to an immensely rich Polish nobleman of legendary fame, whom she had met at a ball at the Tuileries, and who was said to have princely establishments in Paris, Nice and Florence, a yacht at Cowes, and many square miles of shooting in Transylvania.

immensely - immensément

legendary - légendaire

fame - la notoriété, gloire, célébrité

princely - princier

establishments - établissements, établissement

Florence - florence

yacht - yacht

She disappeared in a kind of sulphurous apotheosis, and when a few years later Medora again came back to New York, subdued, impoverished, mourning a third husband, and in quest of a still smaller house, people wondered that her rich niece had not been able to do something for her.

sulphurous - sulfureux

apotheosis - l'apothéose, apothéose

subdued - atténué, soumettre, subjuguer, assujettir

impoverished - appauvri, appauvrir

quest - quete, recherche

Then came the news that Ellen's own marriage had ended in disaster, and that she was herself returning home to seek rest and oblivion among her kinsfolk.

seek - chercher

oblivion - l'oubli, oubli, néant

These things passed through Newland Archer's mind a week later as he watched the Countess Olenska enter the van der Luyden drawing-room on the evening of the momentous dinner. The occasion was a solemn one, and he wondered a little nervously how she would carry it off.

momentous - important

She came rather late, one hand still ungloved, and fastening a bracelet about her wrist; yet she entered without any appearance of haste or embarrassment the drawing-room in which New York's most chosen company was somewhat awfully assembled.

bracelet - bracelet

haste - hâte

assembled - assemblés, assembler, rassembler

In the middle of the room she paused, looking about her with a grave mouth and smiling eyes; and in that instant Newland Archer rejected the general verdict on her looks. It was true that her early radiance was gone. The red cheeks had paled; she was thin, worn, a little older-looking than her age, which must have been nearly thirty.

instant - instantanée, moment

verdict - verdict

But there was about her the mysterious authority of beauty, a sureness in the carriage of the head, the movement of the eyes, which, without being in the least theatrical, struck his as highly trained and full of a conscious power.

sureness - assurance

theatrical - théâtrale, théâtral

At the same time she was simpler in manner than most of the ladies present, and many people (as he heard afterward from Janey) were disappointed that her appearance was not more "stylish""for stylishness was what New York most valued.

stylishness - l'élégance

It was, perhaps, Archer reflected, because her early vivacity had disappeared; because she was so quiet"quiet in her movements, her voice, and the tones of her low-pitched voice. New York had expected something a good deal more reasonant in a young woman with such a history.

vivacity - vivacité

pitched - lancé, dresser

reasonant - raisonnables

The dinner was a somewhat formidable business. Dining with the van der Luydens was at best no light matter, and dining there with a Duke who was their cousin was almost a religious solemnity. It pleased Archer to think that only an old New Yorker could perceive the shade of difference (to New York) between being merely a Duke and being the van der Luydens'Duke.

formidable - formidable

dining - dîner

solemnity - solennité

perceive - percevoir

New York took stray noblemen calmly, and even (except in the Struthers set) with a certain distrustful hauteur; but when they presented such credentials as these they were received with an old-fashioned cordiality that they would have been greatly mistaken in ascribing solely to their standing in Debrett.

stray - égaré, écartez, écartent, écartons, écarter

noblemen - nobles, noble

distrustful - méfiant, suspicieux

hauteur - fierté

credentials - les références, accréditation

cordiality - cordialité

greatly - grandement

ascribing - l'attribution, imputer, attribuer, preter

solely - uniquement, exclusivement, seulement

It was for just such distinctions that the young man cherished his old New York even while he smiled at it.

distinctions - distinctions, distinction, différence

The van der Luydens had done their best to emphasise the importance of the occasion. The du Lac Sevres and the Trevenna George II plate were out; so was the van der Luyden "Lowestoft" (East India Company) and the Dagonet Crown Derby. Mrs. van der Luyden looked more than ever like a Cabanel, and Mrs. Archer, in her grandmother's seed-pearls and emeralds, reminded her son of an Isabey miniature.

George - george, Georges, Jorioz

Lowestoft - Lowestoft

India - l'inde, Inde

crown - couronne, couronner

emeralds - émeraudes, émeraude

All the ladies had on their handsomest jewels, but it was characteristic of the house and the occasion that these were mostly in rather heavy old-fashioned settings; and old Miss Lanning, who had been persuaded to come, actually wore her mother's cameos and a Spanish blonde shawl.

handsomest - le plus beau, beau

jewels - bijoux, joyau, bijou, pierre d'horlogerie, rubis

settings - parametres, réglage, configuration, couchant

cameos - des caméos, camaieu, caméo

The Countess Olenska was the only young woman at the dinner; yet, as Archer scanned the smooth plump elderly faces between their diamond necklaces and towering ostrich feathers, they struck him as curiously immature compared with hers. It frightened him to think what must have gone to the making of her eyes.

necklaces - colliers, collier, supplice du pneu

ostrich - autruche

curiously - curieusement

immature - immature, ruit

The Duke of St. Austrey, who sat at his hostess's right, was naturally the chief figure of the evening. But if the Countess Olenska was less conspicuous than had been hoped, the Duke was almost invisible.

chief - chef

Being a well-bred man he had not (like another recent ducal visitor) come to the dinner in a shooting-jacket; but his evening clothes were so shabby and baggy, and he wore them with such an air of their being homespun, that (with his stooping way of sitting, and the vast beard spreading over his shirt-front) he hardly gave the appearance of being in dinner attire.

bred - élevé, (breed), se reproduire, engendrer, élever, race

ducal - ducal

baggy - baggy

stooping - se baisser

beard - barbe

He was short, round-shouldered, sunburnt, with a thick nose, small eyes and a sociable smile; but he seldom spoke, and when he did it was in such low tones that, despite the frequent silences of expectation about the table, his remarks were lost to all but his neighbours.

silences - des silences, silence

expectation - attentes, attente

remarks - remarques, remarque

When the men joined the ladies after dinner the Duke went straight up to the Countess Olenska, and they sat down in a corner and plunged into animated talk. Neither seemed aware that the Duke should first have paid his respects to Mrs. Lovell Mingott and Mrs. Headly Chivers, and the Countess have conversed with that amiable hypochondriac, Mr.

animated - animée, animé, animer

conversed - conversé, converser

amiable - aimable, avenant, affable

hypochondriac - hypocondriaque

Urban Dagonet of Washington Square, who, in order to have the pleasure of meeting her, had broken through his fixed rule of not dining out between January and April. The two chatted together for nearly twenty minutes; then the Countess rose and, walking alone across the wide drawing-room, sat down at Newland Archer's side.

Urban - urbain, citadin

broken through - Réussi a franchir

It was not the custom in New York drawing-rooms for a lady to get up and walk away from one gentleman in order to seek the company of another. Etiquette required that she should wait, immovable as an idol, while the men who wished to converse with her succeeded each other at her side.

etiquette - l'étiquette, étiquette

immovable - inamovible, immeuble

converse - converser, conversez, conversons, conversent

But the Countess was apparently unaware of having broken any rule; she sat at perfect ease in a corner of the sofa beside Archer, and looked at him with the kindest eyes.

ease - l'aisance, facilité, repos, abaisser, abréger, amoindrir

"I want you to talk to me about May," she said.

Instead of answering her he asked: "You knew the Duke before?"

"Oh, yes"we used to see him every winter at Nice. He's very fond of gambling"he used to come to the house a great deal." She said it in the simplest manner, as if she had said: "He's fond of wild-flowers"; and after a moment she added candidly: "I think he's the dullest man I ever met."

gambling - les jeux d'argent, jeu de hasard

candidly - franchement, de bonne foi

dullest - le plus ennuyeux, émoussé, ennuyeux, barbant, mat, terne, sot

This pleased her companion so much that he forgot the slight shock her previous remark had caused him. It was undeniably exciting to meet a lady who found the van der Luydens'Duke dull, and dared to utter the opinion.

companion - compagnon, compagne

shock - choc, choquons, offusquer, choquez, choquer, secouer

remark - remarque, remarquent, remarquez, remarquons

undeniably - indéniablement

utter - l'utérus, émettre

He longed to question her, to hear more about the life of which her careless words had given him so illuminating a glimpse; but he feared to touch on distressing memories, and before he could think of anything to say she had strayed back to her original subject.

illuminating - éclairant, illuminer

Glimpse - aperçu, entrevoir

distressing - pénible, détresse

strayed - égaré, s'écarter de

"May is a darling; I've seen no young girl in New York so handsome and so intelligent. Are you very much in love with her?"

Newland Archer reddened and laughed. "As much as a man can be."

She continued to consider him thoughtfully, as if not to miss any shade of meaning in what he said, "Do you think, then, there is a limit?"

"To being in love? If there is, I haven't found it!"

She glowed with sympathy. "Ah"it's really and truly a romance?"

glowed - a brillé, briller, luire, irradier, lueur, éclat

sympathy - compassion, sympathie, condoléance

truly - vraiment

"The most romantic of romances!"

most romantic - le plus romantique

romances - romans d'amour, romance, idylle, amour romantique

"How delightful! And you found it all out for yourselves"it was not in the least arranged for you?"

delightful - délicieux

Archer looked at her incredulously. "Have you forgotten," he asked with a smile, "that in our country we don't allow our marriages to be arranged for us?"

incredulously - avec incrédulité

A dusky blush rose to her cheek, and he instantly regretted his words.

"Yes," she answered, "I'd forgotten. You must forgive me if I sometimes make these mistakes. I don't always remember that everything here is good that was"that was bad where I've come from." She looked down at her Viennese fan of eagle feathers, and he saw that her lips trembled.

forgive - pardonner

Viennese - Viennois, Viennoise

"I'm so sorry," he said impulsively; "but you ARE among friends here, you know."

impulsively - impulsivement

"Yes"I know. Wherever I go I have that feeling. That's why I came home. I want to forget everything else, to become a complete American again, like the Mingotts and Wellands, and you and your delightful mother, and all the other good people here tonight.

Ah, here's May arriving, and you will want to hurry away to her," she added, but without moving; and her eyes turned back from the door to rest on the young man's face.

The drawing-rooms were beginning to fill up with after-dinner guests, and following Madame Olenska's glance Archer saw May Welland entering with her mother. In her dress of white and silver, with a wreath of silver blossoms in her hair, the tall girl looked like a Diana just alight from the chase.

wreath - couronne, guirlande, tortil

Diana - diana, Diane

alight - s'enflammer, amerrissent, amerris, amerrissons, amerrissez

chase - poursuite, chassez, chassons, poursuivre, pousser, chasser

"Oh," said Archer, "I have so many rivals; you see she's already surrounded. There's the Duke being introduced."

rivals - rivaux, rival, rivale, rivaliser

surrounded - entouré, entourer, enceindre

"Then stay with me a little longer," Madame Olenska said in a low tone, just touching his knee with her plumed fan. It was the lightest touch, but it thrilled him like a caress.

plumed - plume, plume(t)

caress - caresse, caresser

"Yes, let me stay," he answered in the same tone, hardly knowing what he said; but just then Mr. van der Luyden came up, followed by old Mr. Urban Dagonet. The Countess greeted them with her grave smile, and Archer, feeling his host's admonitory glance on him, rose and surrendered his seat.

admonitory - admonitoire

surrendered - s'est rendu, capituler, rendre

Madame Olenska held out her hand as if to bid him goodbye.

bid - offre, impératifs, prier

"Tomorrow, then, after five"I shall expect you," she said; and then turned back to make room for Mr. Dagonet.

"Tomorrow"" Archer heard himself repeating, though there had been no engagement, and during their talk she had given him no hint that she wished to see him again.

As he moved away he saw Lawrence Lefferts, tall and resplendent, leading his wife up to be introduced; and heard Gertrude Lefferts say, as she beamed on the Countess with her large unperceiving smile: "But I think we used to go to dancing-school together when we were children".

resplendent - resplendissante

unperceiving - sans perception

" Behind her, waiting their turn to name themselves to the Countess, Archer noticed a number of the recalcitrant couples who had declined to meet her at Mrs. Lovell Mingott's. As Mrs. Archer remarked: when the van der Luydens chose, they knew how to give a lesson. The wonder was that they chose so seldom.

recalcitrant - récalcitrant

The young man felt a touch on his arm and saw Mrs. van der Luyden looking down on him from the pure eminence of black velvet and the family diamonds. "It was good of you, dear Newland, to devote yourself so unselfishly to Madame Olenska. I told your cousin Henry he must really come to the rescue."

devote - dévote, consacrer, vouer

unselfishly - de maniere désintéressée

He was aware of smiling at her vaguely, and she added, as if condescending to his natural shyness: "I've never seen May looking lovelier. The Duke thinks her the handsomest girl in the room."

vaguely - vaguement

condescending to - avec condescendance

shyness - timidité


The Countess Olenska had said "after five"; and at half after the hour Newland Archer rang the bell of the peeling stucco house with a giant wisteria throttling its feeble cast-iron balcony, which she had hired, far down West Twenty-third Street, from the vagabond Medora.

stucco - stuc

wisteria - glycine

Throttling - l'étranglement, (throttle) l'étranglement

feeble - faible

cast-iron - (cast-iron) de la fonte

balcony - balcon

vagabond - vagabond, vagabonde

It was certainly a strange quarter to have settled in. Small dress-makers, bird-stuffers and "people who wrote" were her nearest neighbours; and further down the dishevelled street Archer recognised a dilapidated wooden house, at the end of a paved path, in which a writer and journalist called Winsett, whom he used to come across now and then, had mentioned that he lived.

makers - les faiseurs, faiseur, fabricant, créateur

dilapidated - délabré, délabrer, dilapider

paved - pavé, paver

Winsett did not invite people to his house; but he had once pointed it out to Archer in the course of a nocturnal stroll, and the latter had asked himself, with a little shiver, if the humanities were so meanly housed in other capitals.

nocturnal - nocturne

stroll - promenade, flânerie, balade, promener

humanities - les sciences humaines, humanité

meanly - méchamment

Madame Olenska's own dwelling was redeemed from the same appearance only by a little more paint about the window-frames; and as Archer mustered its modest front he said to himself that the Polish Count must have robbed her of her fortune as well as of her illusions.

dwelling - logement, demeure, (dwell), résider, s'appesantir sur

redeemed - rachetés, racheter, libérer, secourir, soulager

mustered - rassemblés, rassembler

robbed - volé, voler, dévaliser

illusions - des illusions, illusion

The young man had spent an unsatisfactory day. He had lunched with the Wellands, hoping afterward to carry off May for a walk in the Park. He wanted to have her to himself, to tell her how enchanting she had looked the night before, and how proud he was of her, and to press her to hasten their marriage. But Mrs.

unsatisfactory - insatisfaisant

carry off - emporter

enchanting - enchanteresse, enchanter

hasten - se hâter, dépecher

Welland had firmly reminded him that the round of family visits was not half over, and, when he hinted at advancing the date of the wedding, had raised reproachful eye-brows and sighed out: "Twelve dozen of everything"hand-embroidered""

hinted - a fait allusion, indication, soupçon, faire allusion

advancing - l'avancement, élever, avancer, avancée, progression

reproachful - des reproches

embroidered - brodée, broder

Packed in the family landau they rolled from one tribal doorstep to another, and Archer, when the afternoon's round was over, parted from his betrothed with the feeling that he had been shown off like a wild animal cunningly trapped.

tribal - tribal

doorstep - le pas de la porte, seuil

shown off - montré

trapped - piégé, piege

He supposed that his readings in anthropology caused him to take such a coarse view of what was after all a simple and natural demonstration of family feeling; but when he remembered that the Wellands did not expect the wedding to take place till the following autumn, and pictured what his life would be till then, a dampness fell upon his spirit.

readings - lectures, lecture

anthropology - l'anthropologie, anthropologie

coarse - grossier, brut, vulgaire

demonstration - démonstration, manifestation

till then - jusqu'a ce moment-la

dampness - l'humidité, moiteur

"Tomorrow," Mrs. Welland called after him, "we'll do the Chiverses and the Dallases"; and he perceived that she was going through their two families alphabetically, and that they were only in the first quarter of the alphabet.

alphabetically - par ordre alphabétique

He had meant to tell May of the Countess Olenska's request"her command, rather"that he should call on her that afternoon; but in the brief moments when they were alone he had had more pressing things to say. Besides, it struck him as a little absurd to allude to the matter.

Command - commandement, ordre, maîtrise, commande, commander, ordonner

besides - d'ailleurs, aupres

He knew that May most particularly wanted him to be kind to her cousin; was it not that wish which had hastened the announcement of their engagement? It gave him an odd sensation to reflect that, but for the Countess's arrival, he might have been, if not still a free man, at least a man less irrevocably pledged.

hastened - s'est hâté, dépecher

sensation - sensation

irrevocably - irrévocablement

But May had willed it so, and he felt himself somehow relieved of further responsibility"and therefore at liberty, if he chose, to call on her cousin without telling her.

relieved - soulagé, soulager, relayer, faire ses besoins, se soulager

liberty - liberté

As he stood on Madame Olenska's threshold curiosity was his uppermost feeling. He was puzzled by the tone in which she had summoned him; he concluded that she was less simple than she seemed.

puzzled - perplexe, mystere, énigme, puzzle, casse-tete, jeu de patience

summoned - convoqué, convoquer

The door was opened by a swarthy foreign-looking maid, with a prominent bosom under a gay neckerchief, whom he vaguely fancied to be Sicilian. She welcomed him with all her white teeth, and answering his enquiries by a head-shake of incomprehension led him through the narrow hall into a low firelit drawing-room.

swarthy - basané

maid - femme de ménage, demoiselle, jeune fille, bonne

neckerchief - un mouchoir de poche, foulard

Sicilian - sicilien, Sicilienne

Enquiries - des questions, enquete, demande de renseignement

firelit - éclairé par le feu

The room was empty, and she left him, for an appreciable time, to wonder whether she had gone to find her mistress, or whether she had not understood what he was there for, and thought it might be to wind the clock"of which he perceived that the only visible specimen had stopped.

appreciable - appréciable

Mistress - madame, maîtresse, amante

wind - vent, emmailloter, détortiller, langer, enrouler

specimen - spécimen, exemple

He knew that the southern races communicated with each other in the language of pantomime, and was mortified to find her shrugs and smiles so unintelligible. At length she returned with a Lamp; and Archer, having meanwhile put together a phrase out of Dante and Petrarch, evoked the answer: "La signora e fuori; ma verra subito"; which he took to mean: "She's out"but you'll soon see."

pantomime - pantomime

mortified - mortifié, mortifier, macérer, tuer

shrugs - hausser les épaules, haussement d'épaules

unintelligible - inintelligible

la - La

Dante - dante

evoked - évoquée, évoquer, remémorer

Signora - madame

What he saw, meanwhile, with the help of the lamp, was the faded shadowy charm of a room unlike any room he had known.

shadowy - ombrageux, sombre

He knew that the Countess Olenska had brought some of her possessions with her"bits of wreckage, she called them"and these, he supposed, were represented by some small slender tables of dark wood, a delicate little Greek bronze on the chimney-piece, and a stretch of red damask nailed on the discoloured wallpaper behind a couple of Italian-looking pictures in old frames.

wreckage - épave

Greek - grec, grecque, grecques

chimney - cheminée

stretch - étendre, s'étendre, s'étirer, étirement

nailed on - cloué sur

discoloured - décoloré, (se) décolorer

wallpaper - papier peint, fond d'écran, arrierelan, papiereint, tapisser

Newland Archer prided himself on his knowledge of Italian art. His boyhood had been saturated with Ruskin, and he had read all the latest books: John Addington Symonds, Vernon Lee's "Euphorion," the essays of P. G. Hamerton, and a wonderful new volume called "The Renaissance" by Walter Pater. He talked easily of Botticelli, and spoke of Fra Angelico with a faint condescension.

saturated - saturé, saturer

Lee - lee, côté sous le vent

volume - volume, tome

pater - Pater, (pat) Pater

Fra - Fra

condescension - condescendance

But these pictures bewildered him, for they were like nothing that he was accustomed to look at (and therefore able to see) when he travelled in Italy; and perhaps, also, his powers of observation were impaired by the oddness of finding himself in this strange empty house, where apparently no one expected him.

bewildered - déconcertés, abasourdir, confondre, déconcerter, dérouter

observation - observation, remarque

impaired - altérée, détériorer, abîmer, affaiblir, affecter, altérer

oddness - bizarrerie

He was sorry that he had not told May Welland of Countess Olenska's request, and a little disturbed by the thought that his betrothed might come in to see her cousin. What would she think if she found him sitting there with the air of intimacy implied by waiting alone in the dusk at a lady's fireside?

disturbed - perturbé, déranger, perturber, gener

dusk - crépuscule

But since he had come he meant to wait; and he sank into a chair and stretched his feet to the logs.

logs - journaux, rondin, buche

It was odd to have summoned him in that way, and then forgotten him; but Archer felt more curious than mortified. The atmosphere of the room was so different from any he had ever breathed that self-consciousness vanished in the sense of adventure.

more curious - plus curieux

consciousness - la conscience, conscience

vanished - disparue, disparaître, s'évanouir, s'annuler

He had been before in drawing-rooms hung with red damask, with pictures "of the Italian school"; what struck him was the way in which Medora Manson's shabby hired house, with its blighted background of pampas grass and Rogers statuettes, had, by a turn of the hand, and the skilful use of a few properties, been transformed into something intimate, "foreign," subtly suggestive of old romantic scenes and sentiments. He tried to analyse the trick, to find a clue to it in the way the chairs and tables were grouped, in the fact that only two Jacqueminot roses (of which nobody ever bought less than a dozen) had been placed in the slender vase at his elbow, and in the vague pervading perfume that was not what one put on handkerchiefs, but rather like the scent of some far-off bazaar, a smell made up of Turkish coffee and ambergris and dried roses.

blighted - dégradé, fléau, rouille, cloque, abîmer, abîmé

Rogers - rogers, Roger

skilful - pu

transformed - transformé, transformer, transformée

subtly - subtilement

suggestive - suggestif

vase - vase

elbow - coude, coup de coude, jouer des coudes

vague - vague

pervading - omniprésente, saturer, pénétrer, envahir

perfume - parfum, fragrance, parfumer

handkerchiefs - des mouchoirs, mouchoir

scent - parfum, odeur, odorat, sentir

bazaar - bazar, foire, marché

Turkish - turque, turc

ambergris - ambre gris

His mind wandered away to the question of what May's drawing-room would look like. He knew that Mr. Welland, who was behaving "very handsomely," already had his eye on a newly built house in East Thirty-ninth Street.

handsomely - avec brio

newly - nouvellement, récemment

The neighbourhood was thought remote, and the house was built in a ghastly greenish-yellow stone that the younger architects were beginning to employ as a protest against the brownstone of which the uniform hue coated New York like a cold chocolate sauce; but the plumbing was perfect.

ghastly - épouvantable, effrayant, affreux, horrible

greenish - verdâtre, verdouillard

brownstone - maison en pierre, grés brun

hue - teinte, nuance

plumbing - la plomberie, tuyauterie, plomberie

Archer would have liked to travel, to put off the housing question; but, though the Wellands approved of an extended European honeymoon (perhaps even a winter in Egypt), they were firm as to the need of a house for the returning couple.

extended - étendu, étendre, prolonger

honeymoon - lune de miel, voyage de noces

The young man felt that his fate was sealed: for the rest of his life he would go up every evening between the cast-iron railings of that greenish-yellow doorstep, and pass through a Pompeian vestibule into a hall with a wainscoting of varnished yellow wood. But beyond that his imagination could not travel.

sealed - scellé, sceau

every evening - tous les soirs

railings - les garde-corps

Pompeian - Pompéien

vestibule - vestibule

wainscoting - les lambris, (wainscot) les lambris

varnished - vernis, vernir

He knew the drawing-room above had a bay window, but he could not fancy how May would deal with it. She submitted cheerfully to the purple satin and yellow tuftings of the Welland drawing-room, to its sham Buhl tables and gilt vitrines full of modern Saxe.

bay window - Une baie vitrée

submitted - soumis, soumettre

sham - simulacre, simili

vitrines - vitrines, vitrine

Saxe - Saxe

He saw no reason to suppose that she would want anything different in her own house; and his only comfort was to reflect that she would probably let him arrange his library as he pleased"which would be, of course, with "sincere" Eastlake furniture, and the plain new bookcases without glass doors.

comfort - le confort, confort, consoler

sincere - sincere, sincere

The round-bosomed maid came in, drew the curtains, pushed back a log, and said consolingly: "Verra"verra." When she had gone Archer stood up and began to wander about. Should he wait any longer? His position was becoming rather foolish. Perhaps he had misunderstood Madame Olenska"perhaps she had not invited him after all.

bosomed - bosomed, sein, intime

log - log, rondin, buche

consolingly - de consolation

wander about - errer

misunderstood - incompris, mal interpréter, méprendre, mécomprendre

Down the cobblestones of the quiet street came the ring of a stepper's hoofs; they stopped before the house, and he caught the opening of a carriage door. Parting the curtains he looked out into the early dusk. A street-lamp faced him, and in its light he saw Julius Beaufort's compact English brougham, drawn by a big roan, and the banker descending from it, and helping out Madame Olenska.

cobblestones - pavés, pavé

stepper - stepper

hoofs - sabots, sabot

brougham - brougham

roan - roan

descending from - descendant de

Beaufort stood, hat in hand, saying something which his companion seemed to negative; then they shook hands, and he jumped into his carriage while she mounted the steps.

When she entered the room she showed no surprise at seeing Archer there; surprise seemed the emotion that she was least addicted to.

addicted - dépendants, dépendant, dépendante, intoxiqué, intoxiquée g

"How do you like my funny house?" she asked. "To me it's like heaven."

As she spoke she untied her little velvet bonnet and tossing it away with her long cloak stood looking at him with meditative eyes.

untied - détaché, détacher, délier

tossing - le lancer, (toss), jet, au pile ou face, tirage au sort, lancer

meditative - méditatif

"You've arranged it delightfully," he rejoined, alive to the flatness of the words, but imprisoned in the conventional by his consuming desire to be simple and striking.

delightfully - délicieusement

flatness - la planéité, planéité, planitude, platitude, matité

imprisoned - emprisonné, emprisonner, mettre en prison

conventional - conventionnelle

striking - frappant, éclatant, (strike), biffer, rayer, barrer, frapper

"Oh, it's a poor little place. My relations despise it. But at any rate it's less gloomy than the van der Luydens'."

little place - petit endroit

despise - mépriser, dédaigner

gloomy - morose, lugubre, sombre, terne, maussade

The words gave him an electric shock, for few were the rebellious spirits who would have dared to call the stately home of the van der Luydens gloomy. Those privileged to enter it shivered there, and spoke of it as "handsome." But suddenly he was glad that she had given voice to the general shiver.

electric shock - un choc électrique

rebellious - rebelle

shivered - frissonné, frissonner

"It's delicious"what you've done here," he repeated.

"I like the little house," she admitted; "but I suppose what I like is the blessedness of its being here, in my own country and my own town; and then, of being alone in it." She spoke so low that he hardly heard the last phrase; but in his awkwardness he took it up.

blessedness - bénédiction, béatitude

awkwardness - maladresse

"You like so much to be alone?"

"Yes; as long as my friends keep me from feeling lonely." She sat down near the fire, said: "Nastasia will bring the tea presently," and signed to him to return to his armchair, adding: "I see you've already chosen your corner."

Leaning back, she folded her arms behind her head, and looked at the fire under drooping lids.

"This is the hour I like best"don't you?"

A proper sense of his dignity caused him to answer: "I was afraid you'd forgotten the hour. Beaufort must have been very engrossing."

engrossing - captivant, grossoyer, accaparer, rafler, s'emparer de

She looked amused. "Why"have you waited long? Mr. Beaufort took me to see a number of houses"since it seems I'm not to be allowed to stay in this one." She appeared to dismiss both Beaufort and himself from her mind, and went on: "I've never been in a city where there seems to be such a feeling against living in des quartiers excentriques. What does it matter where one lives?

dismiss - licencier

des - DES

I'm told this street is respectable."

"It's not fashionable."

"Fashionable! Do you all think so much of that? Why not make one's own fashions? But I suppose I've lived too independently; at any rate, I want to do what you all do"I want to feel cared for and safe."

independently - de maniere indépendante

He was touched, as he had been the evening before when she spoke of her need of guidance.

"That's what your friends want you to feel. New York's an awfully safe place," he added with a flash of sarcasm.

flash - flash, clignoter

"Yes, isn't it? One feels that," she cried, missing the mockery. "Being here is like"like"being taken on a holiday when one has been a good little girl and done all one's lessons."

isn't it? - n'est-ce pas ?

The analogy was well meant, but did not altogether please him. He did not mind being flippant about New York, but disliked to hear any one else take the same tone. He wondered if she did not begin to see what a powerful engine it was, and how nearly it had crushed her.

analogy - analogie

flippant - désinvolte, cavalier

crushed - écrasé, barricade, béguin, amourette, faible, coup de cour

The Lovell Mingotts'dinner, patched up in extremis out of all sorts of social odds and ends, ought to have taught her the narrowness of her escape; but either she had been all along unaware of having skirted disaster, or else she had lost sight of it in the triumph of the van der Luyden evening.

patched up - rafistolé

narrowness - l'étroitesse, étroitesse

triumph - triomphe, triomphal

Archer inclined to the former theory; he fancied that her New York was still completely undifferentiated, and the conjecture nettled him.

former - ancien, ancienne, ci devant

undifferentiated - indifférencié

conjecture - conjecture, conjecturer

nettled - nettoyée, ortie, piquer, irriter, vexer

"Last night," he said, "New York laid itself out for you. The van der Luydens do nothing by halves."

"No: how kind they are! It was such a nice party. Every one seems to have such an esteem for them."

esteem - estime, respect, respecter

The terms were hardly adequate; she might have spoken in that way of a tea-party at the dear old Miss Lannings'.

adequate - adéquat

"The van der Luydens," said Archer, feeling himself pompous as he spoke, "are the most powerful influence in New York society. Unfortunately"owing to her health"they receive very seldom."

pompous - pompeux, emphatique

owing - owing, devoir

She unclasped her hands from behind her head, and looked at him meditatively.

unclasped - sans fermoir, dégrafer

meditatively - de maniere méditative

"Isn't that perhaps the reason?"

"The reason"?"

"For their great influence; that they make themselves so rare."

He coloured a little, stared at her"and suddenly felt the penetration of the remark. At a stroke she had pricked the van der Luydens and they collapsed. He laughed, and sacrificed them.

penetration - pénétration

stroke - accident vasculaire cérébral, caresser

pricked - piqué, piquer, percer

collapsed - effondré, s'effondrer, effondrement

sacrificed - sacrifié, sacrifier, sacrifice, offrande

Nastasia brought the tea, with handleless Japanese cups and little covered dishes, placing the tray on a low table.

handleless - sans poignée

Japanese - japonais, Japonaise, Nippon, Nippone

tray - plateau

"But you'll explain these things to me"you'll tell me all I ought to know," Madame Olenska continued, leaning forward to hand him his cup.

"It's you who are telling me; opening my eyes to things I'd looked at so long that I'd ceased to see them."

ceased - cessé, cesser, s'arreter, cesser de + 'infinitive'

She detached a small gold cigarette-case from one of her bracelets, held it out to him, and took a cigarette herself. On the chimney were long spills for lighting them.

detached - détaché, détacher

cigarette-case - (cigarette-case) un étui a cigarettes

spills - des déversements, déverser, répandre, renverser, déversement

"Ah, then we can both help each other. But I want help so much more. You must tell me just what to do."

It was on the tip of his tongue to reply: "Don't be seen driving about the streets with Beaufort"" but he was being too deeply drawn into the atmosphere of the room, which was her atmosphere, and to give advice of that sort would have been like telling some one who was bargaining for attar-of-roses in Samarkand that one should always be provided with arctics for a New York winter.

bargaining - la négociation, accord, affaire, bonne affaire, marchander

attar - attar

Samarkand - samarcande

arctics - arctique

New York seemed much farther off than Samarkand, and if they were indeed to help each other she was rendering what might prove the first of their mutual services by making him look at his native city objectively. Viewed thus, as through the wrong end of a telescope, it looked disconcertingly small and distant; but then from Samarkand it would.

mutual - mutuelle, mutuel

telescope - télescope, lunette

disconcertingly - déconcertant

A flame darted from the logs and she bent over the fire, stretching her thin hands so close to it that a faint halo shone about the oval nails. The light touched to russet the rings of dark hair escaping from her braids, and made her pale face paler.

flame - flamme, polémique

darted - dardé, dard, fleche

halo - halo, auréole, nimbe

oval - ovale

russet - roussâtre, roux, rousse

rings - anneaux, anneau, bague

"There are plenty of people to tell you what to do," Archer rejoined, obscurely envious of them.

obscurely - obscurément

envious - envieux

"Oh"all my aunts? And my dear old Granny?" She considered the idea impartially. "They're all a little vexed with me for setting up for myself"poor Granny especially.

impartially - de maniere impartiale

vexed - contrarié, ennuyer, énerver, vexer 'informal', tourmenter, vexer

She wanted to keep me with her; but I had to be free"" He was impressed by this light way of speaking of the formidable Catherine, and moved by the thought of what must have given Madame Olenska this thirst for even the loneliest kind of freedom. But the idea of Beaufort gnawed him.

impressed - impressionné, impressionner

thirst - soif, avoir soif, désirer

gnawed - rongé, ronger, harceler, préoccuper

"I think I understand how you feel," he said. "Still, your family can advise you; explain differences; show you the way."

She lifted her thin black eyebrows. "Is New York such a labyrinth? I thought it so straight up and down"like Fifth Avenue. And with all the cross streets numbered!" She seemed to guess his faint disapproval of this, and added, with the rare smile that enchanted her whole face: "If you knew how I like it for just THAT"the straight-up-and-downness, and the big honest labels on everything!"

eyebrows - sourcils, sourcil

labyrinth - labyrinthe

downness - l'abattement

He saw his chance. "Everything may be labelled"but everybody is not."

"Perhaps. I may simplify too much"but you'll warn me if I do." She turned from the fire to look at him. "There are only two people here who make me feel as if they understood what I mean and could explain things to me: you and Mr. Beaufort."

simplify - simplifier

Archer winced at the joining of the names, and then, with a quick readjustment, understood, sympathised and pitied. So close to the powers of evil she must have lived that she still breathed more freely in their air. But since she felt that he understood her also, his business would be to make her see Beaufort as he really was, with all he represented"and abhor it.

winced - a fait un clin d'oil, grimacer

readjustment - réajustement

pitied - pitié, compassion, dommage, honte, plaindre

evil - le mal, mauvais, torve

abhor - avoir horreur

He answered gently: "I understand. But just at first don't let go of your old friends'hands: I mean the older women, your Granny Mingott, Mrs. Welland, Mrs. van der Luyden. They like and admire you"they want to help you."

She shook her head and sighed. "Oh, I know"I know! But on condition that they don't hear anything unpleasant. Aunt Welland put it in those very words when I tried.... Does no one want to know the truth here, Mr. Archer? The real loneliness is living among all these kind people who only ask one to pretend!" She lifted her hands to her face, and he saw her thin shoulders shaken by a sob.

loneliness - la solitude, solitude

sob - sanglot, fdp

"Madame Olenska!"Oh, don't, Ellen," he cried, starting up and bending over her. He drew down one of her hands, clasping and chafing it like a child's while he murmured reassuring words; but in a moment she freed herself, and looked up at him with wet lashes.

chafing - les frottements, chauffer en frictionnant, inflammation

reassuring - rassurant, tranquilliser, rassurer, réassurer

"Does no one cry here, either? I suppose there's no need to, in heaven," she said, straightening her loosened braids with a laugh, and bending over the tea-kettle. It was burnt into his consciousness that he had called her "Ellen""called her so twice; and that she had not noticed it. Far down the inverted telescope he saw the faint white figure of May Welland"in New York.

straightening - le défrisage, redresser

loosened - desserré, desserrer

tea-kettle - (tea-kettle) Bouilloire

inverted - inversé, inverser

Suddenly Nastasia put her head in to say something in her rich Italian.

Madame Olenska, again with a hand at her hair, uttered an exclamation of assent"a flashing "Gia"gia""and the Duke of St. Austrey entered, piloting a tremendous blackwigged and red-plumed lady in overflowing furs.

uttered - prononcée, complet, total

tremendous - formidable

blackwigged - noirci

overflowing - débordant, (overflow), débordement, déborder, checktransborder

"My dear Countess, I've brought an old friend of mine to see you"Mrs. Struthers. She wasn't asked to the party last night, and she wants to know you."

The Duke beamed on the group, and Madame Olenska advanced with a murmur of welcome toward the queer couple. She seemed to have no idea how oddly matched they were, nor what a liberty the Duke had taken in bringing his companion"and to do him justice, as Archer perceived, the Duke seemed as unaware of it himself.

oddly - bizarrement, étrangement

justice - justice, équité, conseiller

"Of course I want to know you, my dear," cried Mrs. Struthers in a round rolling voice that matched her bold feathers and her brazen wig. "I want to know everybody who's young and interesting and charming. And the Duke tells me you like music"didn't you, Duke? You're a pianist yourself, I believe? Well, do you want to hear Sarasate play tomorrow evening at my house?

brazen - effronté, cuivreux, aigu, dur comme de la pierre

wig - perruque

charming - charmant, (charm)

pianist - pianiste

You know I've something going on every Sunday evening"it's the day when New York doesn't know what to do with itself, and so I say to it: 'Come and be amused.'And the Duke thought you'd be tempted by Sarasate. You'll find a number of your friends."

tempted - tentés, tenter, attirer

Madame Olenska's face grew brilliant with pleasure. "How kind! How good of the Duke to think of me!" She pushed a chair up to the tea-table and Mrs. Struthers sank into it delectably. "Of course I shall be too happy to come."

delectably - délicieusement

"That's all right, my dear. And bring your young gentleman with you." Mrs. Struthers extended a hail-fellow hand to Archer. "I can't put a name to you"but I'm sure I've met you"I've met everybody, here, or in Paris or London. Aren't you in diplomacy? All the diplomatists come to me. You like music too? Duke, you must be sure to bring him."

hail - grele, charretée, greler

diplomacy - diplomatie

The Duke said "Rather" from the depths of his beard, and Archer withdrew with a stiffly circular bow that made him feel as full of spine as a self-conscious school-boy among careless and unnoticing elders.

withdrew - s'est retiré, (se) retirer

circular - circulaire, rond

bow - l'arc, arc

spine - la colonne vertébrale, colonne vertébrale, échine, dos, épine

unnoticing - sans s'en apercevoir

elders - les aînés, aîné

He was not sorry for the denouement of his visit: he only wished it had come sooner, and spared him a certain waste of emotion. As he went out into the wintry night, New York again became vast and imminent, and May Welland the loveliest woman in it. He turned into his florist's to send her the daily box of lilies-of-the-valley which, to his confusion, he found he had forgotten that morning.

denouement - dénouement

wintry - hivernal, hibernal

imminent - imminent

florist - fleuriste

confusion - confusion, désordre, malentendu

As he wrote a word on his card and waited for an envelope he glanced about the embowered shop, and his eye lit on a cluster of yellow roses. He had never seen any as sun-golden before, and his first impulse was to send them to May instead of the lilies. But they did not look like her"there was something too rich, too strong, in their fiery beauty.

cluster - cluster, groupe, grappe, régime, amas, rench: t-needed r

fiery - ardente, ardent, brulant, flamboyant, enflammé

In a sudden revulsion of mood, and almost without knowing what he did, he signed to the florist to lay the roses in another long box, and slipped his card into a second envelope, on which he wrote the name of the Countess Olenska; then, just as he was turning away, he drew the card out again, and left the empty envelope on the box.

slipped - a glissé, glisser

"They'll go at once?" he enquired, pointing to the roses.

The florist assured him that they would.


The next day he persuaded May to escape for a walk in the Park after luncheon. As was the custom in old-fashioned Episcopalian New York, she usually accompanied her parents to church on Sunday afternoons; but Mrs.

episcopalian - Episcopalienne

Welland condoned her truancy, having that very morning won her over to the necessity of a long engagement, with time to prepare a hand-embroidered trousseau containing the proper number of dozens.

condoned - toléré, pardonner, tolérer, autoriser, permettre

truancy - l'école buissonniere, absentéisme

dozens - douzaines, douzaine, dizaine

The day was delectable. The bare vaulting of trees along the Mall was ceiled with lapis lazuli, and arched above snow that shone like splintered crystals. It was the weather to call out May's radiance, and she burned like a young maple in the frost. Archer was proud of the glances turned on her, and the simple joy of possessorship cleared away his underlying perplexities.

delectable - délectable, délicieux, savoureux, délice

lapis - lapis

lazuli - lazuli

crystals - des cristaux, cristal, de cristal, en cristal

maple - érable

frost - givre, gel

glances - regards, jeter un coup d’oil, coup d'oil

cleared away - nettoyé

perplexities - perplexités, perplexité

"It's so delicious"waking every morning to smell lilies-of-the-valley in one's room!" she said.

"Yesterday they came late. I hadn't time in the morning""

"But your remembering each day to send them makes me love them so much more than if you'd given a standing order, and they came every morning on the minute, like one's music-teacher"as I know Gertrude Lefferts's did, for instance, when she and Lawrence were engaged."

standing order - Ordre permanent

"Ah"they would!" laughed Archer, amused at her keenness. He looked sideways at her fruit-like cheek and felt rich and secure enough to add: "When I sent your lilies yesterday afternoon I saw some rather gorgeous yellow roses and packed them off to Madame Olenska. Was that right?"

keenness - l'ardeur

gorgeous - magnifique

"How dear of you! Anything of that kind delights her. It's odd she didn't mention it: she lunched with us today, and spoke of Mr. Beaufort's having sent her wonderful orchids, and cousin Henry van der Luyden a whole hamper of carnations from Skuytercliff. She seems so surprised to receive flowers. Don't people send them in Europe? She thinks it such a pretty custom."

delights - des délices, plaisir, délice, joie, enchanter, ravir

orchids - des orchidées, orchidée

hamper - panier, entraver

carnations - des oillets, oillet, incarnat

"Oh, well, no wonder mine were overshadowed by Beaufort's," said Archer irritably. Then he remembered that he had not put a card with the roses, and was vexed at having spoken of them. He wanted to say: "I called on your cousin yesterday," but hesitated. If Madame Olenska had not spoken of his visit it might seem awkward that he should.

overshadowed - éclipsé, ombrager, éclipser ('la gloire', 'une personne')

irritably - avec irritation

hesitated - hésité, hésiter

awkward - maladroit, gauche, embarrassant, inconvenant

Yet not to do so gave the affair an air of mystery that he disliked. To shake off the question he began to talk of their own plans, their future, and Mrs. Welland's insistence on a long engagement.

shake off - se secouer

insistence - l'insistance, insistance

"If you call it long! Isabel Chivers and Reggie were engaged for two years: Grace and Thorley for nearly a year and a half. Why aren't we very well off as we are?"

It was the traditional maidenly interrogation, and he felt ashamed of himself for finding it singularly childish. No doubt she simply echoed what was said for her; but she was nearing her twenty-second birthday, and he wondered at what age "nice" women began to speak for themselves.

maidenly - jeune fille

felt ashamed - a eu honte

childish - enfantin, puéril, gamin

"Never, if we won't let them, I suppose," he mused, and recalled his mad outburst to Mr. Sillerton Jackson: "Women ought to be as free as we are""

outburst - explosion, transport

It would presently be his task to take the bandage from this young woman's eyes, and bid her look forth on the world. But how many generations of the women who had gone to her making had descended bandaged to the family vault?

bandaged - bandé, bandage, pansement, panser

family vault - Caveau familial

He shivered a little, remembering some of the new ideas in his scientific books, and the much-cited instance of the Kentucky cave-fish, which had ceased to develop eyes because they had no use for them. What if, when he had bidden May Welland to open hers, they could only look out blankly at blankness?

Kentucky - le kentucky, Kentucky

cave - grotte, antre, creux

bidden - interdites, faire une enchere (de)

blankly - en blanc

blankness - le vide

"We might be much better off. We might be altogether together"we might travel."

Her face lit up. "That would be lovely," she owned: she would love to travel. But her mother would not understand their wanting to do things so differently.

"As if the mere 'differently'didn't account for it!" the wooer insisted.

insisted - insisté, insister

"Newland! You're so original!" she exulted.

exulted - exulté, exulter

His heart sank, for he saw that he was saying all the things that young men in the same situation were expected to say, and that she was making the answers that instinct and tradition taught her to make"even to the point of calling him original.

instinct - l'instinct, instinct

"Original! We're all as like each other as those dolls cut out of the same folded paper. We're like patterns stencilled on a wall. Can't you and I strike out for ourselves, May?"

dolls - poupées, poupée

stencilled - au pochoir, pochoir

strike - greve, biffer, rayer, barrer, frapper, battre, faire greve

He had stopped and faced her in the excitement of their discussion, and her eyes rested on him with a bright unclouded admiration.

"Mercy"shall we elope?" she laughed.

elope - s'enfuir, fuguer

"If you would""

"You DO love me, Newland! I'm so happy."

"But then"why not be happier?"

"We can't behave like people in novels, though, can we?"

"Why not"why not"why not?"

She looked a little bored by his insistence. She knew very well that they couldn't, but it was troublesome to have to produce a reason. "I'm not clever enough to argue with you. But that kind of thing is rather"vulgar, isn't it?" she suggested, relieved to have hit on a word that would assuredly extinguish the whole subject.

assuredly - assurément

extinguish - éteindre

"Are you so much afraid, then, of being vulgar?"

She was evidently staggered by this. "Of course I should hate it"so would you," she rejoined, a trifle irritably.

staggered - en décalé, tituber

He stood silent, beating his stick nervously against his boot-top; and feeling that she had indeed found the right way of closing the discussion, she went on light-heartedly: "Oh, did I tell you that I showed Ellen my ring? She thinks it the most beautiful setting she ever saw. There's nothing like it in the rue de la Paix, she said. I do love you, Newland, for being so artistic!"

heartedly - de bon cour

rue - rue

The next afternoon, as Archer, before dinner, sat smoking sullenly in his study, Janey wandered in on him. He had failed to stop at his club on the way up from the office where he exercised the profession of the law in the leisurely manner common to well-to-do New Yorkers of his class.

sullenly - maussade

leisurely - tranquillement

He was out of spirits and slightly out of temper, and a haunting horror of doing the same thing every day at the same hour besieged his brain.

temper - caractere, tempérament, humeur, état d'esprit, recuit

haunting - la hantise, hantise, (haunt), hanter, demeurer

besieged - assiégé, assiéger, assaillir

"Sameness"sameness!" he muttered, the word running through his head like a persecuting tune as he saw the familiar tall-hatted figures lounging behind the plate-glass; and because he usually dropped in at the club at that hour he had gone home instead. He knew not only what they were likely to be talking about, but the part each one would take in the discussion.

muttered - marmonné, marmonner

persecuting - persécuter

tune - l'accord, mélodie, air, tube, accorder, syntoniser

The Duke of course would be their principal theme; though the appearance in Fifth Avenue of a golden-haired lady in a small canary-coloured brougham with a pair of black cobs (for which Beaufort was generally thought responsible) would also doubtless be thoroughly gone into.

principal theme - theme principal

haired - cheveux

Canary - canari, jaune canari

cobs - des épis, épi

Such "women" (as they were called) were few in New York, those driving their own carriages still fewer, and the appearance of Miss Fanny Ring in Fifth Avenue at the fashionable hour had profoundly agitated society. Only the day before, her carriage had passed Mrs. Lovell Mingott's, and the latter had instantly rung the little bell at her elbow and ordered the coachman to drive her home.

carriages - les wagons, rench: -neededr, carrosse, port, chariot

Fanny - fanny

profoundly - profondément

rung - s'est arreté, marche, (ring) s'est arreté

"What if it had happened to Mrs. van der Luyden?" people asked each other with a shudder. Archer could hear Lawrence Lefferts, at that very hour, holding forth on the disintegration of society.

shudder - frémir, tremblement, frisson, frissonner, trembler

disintegration - désintégration

He raised his head irritably when his sister Janey entered, and then quickly bent over his book (Swinburne's "Chastelard""just out) as if he had not seen her. She glanced at the writing-table heaped with books, opened a volume of the "Contes Drolatiques," made a wry face over the archaic French, and sighed: "What learned things you read!"

heaped - en tas, tas, pile, monceau

wry - l'ironie, ironique

archaic - archaique, archaique

"Well"?" he asked, as she hovered Cassandra-like before him.

hovered - en vol stationnaire, éventiller, faire du sur-place, hésiter

Cassandra - cassandra, Cassandre

"Mother's very angry."

"Angry? With whom? About what?"

"Miss Sophy Jackson has just been here. She brought word that her brother would come in after dinner: she couldn't say very much, because he forbade her to: he wishes to give all the details himself. He's with cousin Louisa van der Luyden now."

forbade - interdit, interdire, nier, dénier

"For heaven's sake, my dear girl, try a fresh start. It would take an omniscient Deity to know what you're talking about."

For heaven's sake - Pour l'amour du ciel

omniscient - omniscient

Deity - la divinité, déité, divinité

"It's not a time to be profane, Newland.... Mother feels badly enough about your not going to church ..."

profane - impur, profane, sale, sacrilege, profaner

With a groan he plunged back into his book.

groan - gémir, râle, râlement, gémissement, grognement, grondement

"NEWLAND! Do listen. Your friend Madame Olenska was at Mrs. Lemuel Struthers's party last night: she went there with the Duke and Mr. Beaufort."

Do listen - Vous écoutez

At the last clause of this announcement a senseless anger swelled the young man's breast. To smother it he laughed. "Well, what of it? I knew she meant to."

anger - la colere, colere, ire, courroux, rage

swelled - gonflé, enfler, gonfler

smother - étouffer, laminer

Janey paled and her eyes began to project. "You knew she meant to"and you didn't try to stop her? To warn her?"

"Stop her? Warn her?" He laughed again. "I'm not engaged to be married to the Countess Olenska!" The words had a fantastic sound in his own ears.

"You're marrying into her family."

"Oh, family"family!" he jeered.

jeered - raillé, huer

"Newland"don't you care about Family?"

"Not a brass farthing."

brass - laiton, airain

farthing - farthing

"Nor about what cousin Louisa van der Luyden will think?"

"Not the half of one"if she thinks such old maid's rubbish."

old maid - vieille fille

"Mother is not an old maid," said his virgin sister with pinched lips.

He felt like shouting back: "Yes, she is, and so are the van der Luydens, and so we all are, when it comes to being so much as brushed by the wing-tip of Reality." But he saw her long gentle face puckering into tears, and felt ashamed of the useless pain he was inflicting.

puckering - des froncements de sourcils, (se) plisser

ashamed - honteux

useless - inutile, inutilisable, bon a rien

"Hang Countess Olenska! Don't be a goose, Janey"I'm not her keeper."

goose - l'oie, oie

keeper - gardien, gardienne, perle, conservateur, conservatrice

"No; but you DID ask the Wellands to announce your engagement sooner so that we might all back her up; and if it hadn't been for that cousin Louisa would never have invited her to the dinner for the Duke."

"Well"what harm was there in inviting her? She was the best-looking woman in the room; she made the dinner a little less funereal than the usual van der Luyden banquet."

harm - le mal, mal, tort, dommage, nuire a, faire du mal a

best-looking - (best-looking) le plus beau

funereal - funebre

banquet - banquet, festin

"You know cousin Henry asked her to please you: he persuaded cousin Louisa. And now they're so upset that they're going back to Skuytercliff tomorrow. I think, Newland, you'd better come down. You don't seem to understand how mother feels."

In the drawing-room Newland found his mother. She raised a troubled brow from her needlework to ask: "Has Janey told you?"

needlework - des travaux d'aiguille, couture, travaux d'aiguille, ouvrage

"Yes." He tried to keep his tone as measured as her own. "But I can't take it very seriously."

"Not the fact of having offended cousin Louisa and cousin Henry?"

offended - offensée, offenser, déplaire, blesser, fr

"The fact that they can be offended by such a trifle as Countess Olenska's going to the house of a woman they consider common."


"Well, who is; but who has good music, and amuses people on Sunday evenings, when the whole of New York is dying of inanition."

amuses - amuse, amuser

dying - teignant, mourant, (dye) teignant

inanition - ineptie, vacuité, inanition

"Good music? All I know is, there was a woman who got up on a table and sang the things they sing at the places you go to in Paris. There was smoking and champagne."

"Well"that kind of thing happens in other places, and the world still goes on."

"I don't suppose, dear, you're really defending the French Sunday?"

defending - défendre

"I've heard you often enough, mother, grumble at the English Sunday when we've been in London."

grumble - grondement, gargouillement, grognement, gronder, gargouiller

"New York is neither Paris nor London."

"Oh, no, it's not!" her son groaned.

groaned - gémi, râle, râlement, gémissement, grognement, grondement

"You mean, I suppose, that society here is not as brilliant? You're right, I daresay; but we belong here, and people should respect our ways when they come among us. Ellen Olenska especially: she came back to get away from the kind of life people lead in brilliant societies."

You're right - Tu as raison

Newland made no answer, and after a moment his mother ventured: "I was going to put on my bonnet and ask you to take me to see cousin Louisa for a moment before dinner." He frowned, and she continued: "I thought you might explain to her what you've just said: that society abroad is different ...

ventured - s'est aventuré, s'aventurer, risquer, oser

frowned - froncé les sourcils, froncer les sourcils

that people are not as particular, and that Madame Olenska may not have realised how we feel about such things. It would be, you know, dear," she added with an innocent adroitness, "in Madame Olenska's interest if you did."

adroitness - l'habileté, savoir faire

"Dearest mother, I really don't see how we're concerned in the matter. The Duke took Madame Olenska to Mrs. Struthers's"in fact he brought Mrs. Struthers to call on her. I was there when they came. If the van der Luydens want to quarrel with anybody, the real culprit is under their own roof."

concerned - préoccupé, inquiétude, souci, soin, préoccupation

quarrel - querelle, bagarrer, noise, algarade, dispute

"Quarrel? Newland, did you ever know of cousin Henry's quarrelling? Besides, the Duke's his guest; and a stranger too. Strangers don't discriminate: how should they? Countess Olenska is a New Yorker, and should have respected the feelings of New York."

quarrelling - des querelles, (quarrel) des querelles

discriminate - discriminer

feelings - sentiments

"Well, then, if they must have a victim, you have my leave to throw Madame Olenska to them," cried her son, exasperated. "I don't see myself"or you either"offering ourselves up to expiate her crimes."

offering - offre, offrande, (offer)

"Oh, of course you see only the Mingott side," his mother answered, in the sensitive tone that was her nearest approach to anger.

The sad butler drew back the drawing-room portieres and announced: "Mr. Henry van der Luyden."

Mrs. Archer dropped her needle and pushed her chair back with an agitated hand.

"Another lamp," she cried to the retreating servant, while Janey bent over to straighten her mother's cap.

retreating - se retirer, battre en retraite

straighten - redresser

Mr. van der Luyden's figure loomed on the threshold, and Newland Archer went forward to greet his cousin.

loomed - a été tissé, métier a tisser

"We were just talking about you, sir," he said.

Mr. van der Luyden seemed overwhelmed by the announcement. He drew off his glove to shake hands with the ladies, and smoothed his tall hat shyly, while Janey pushed an arm-chair forward, and Archer continued: "And the Countess Olenska."

overwhelmed - débordé, abreuver, accabler, envahir

shyly - timidement

arm-chair - (arm-chair) fauteuil

Mrs. Archer paled.

"Ah"a charming woman. I have just been to see her," said Mr. van der Luyden, complacency restored to his brow. He sank into the chair, laid his hat and gloves on the floor beside him in the old-fashioned way, and went on: "She has a real gift for arranging flowers. I had sent her a few carnations from Skuytercliff, and I was astonished.

complacency - l'autosatisfaction, suffisance, complaisance

restored - restaurée, restaurer, rétablir, rendre, restituer

astonished - étonné, étonner, surprendre

Instead of massing them in big bunches as our head-gardener does, she had scattered them about loosely, here and there ... I can't say how. The Duke had told me: he said: 'Go and see how cleverly she's arranged her drawing-room.'And she has. I should really like to take Louisa to see her, if the neighbourhood were not so"unpleasant."

massing - la masse, amas

bunches - des grappes, groupe, bouquet, botte, grappe, bande, peloton

gardener - jardinier, jardiniere

scattered - dispersé, disperser, se disperser, éparpiller, parsemer

loosely - en toute liberté, sans serrer

cleverly - intelligemment

A dead silence greeted this unusual flow of words from Mr. van der Luyden. Mrs. Archer drew her embroidery out of the basket into which she had nervously tumbled it, and Newland, leaning against the chimney-place and twisting a humming-bird-feather screen in his hand, saw Janey's gaping countenance lit up by the coming of the second lamp.

basket - panier

tumbled - culbuté, culbute, dégringoler, culbuter

twisting - torsion, (twist), twist, entortiller, tordre

humming - fredonner, (hum), bourdonner, fourmiller

feather - plume, fanon, mettre en drapeau, emplumer, checkempenner

"The fact is," Mr. van der Luyden continued, stroking his long grey leg with a bloodless hand weighed down by the Patroon's great signet-ring, "the fact is, I dropped in to thank her for the very pretty note she wrote me about my flowers; and also"but this is between ourselves, of course"to give her a friendly warning about allowing the Duke to carry her off to parties with him.

stroking - la caresse, (stroke) la caresse

signet-ring - (signet-ring) Chevaliere

I don't know if you've heard""

Mrs. Archer produced an indulgent smile. "Has the Duke been carrying her off to parties?"

"You know what these English grandees are. They're all alike. Louisa and I are very fond of our cousin"but it's hopeless to expect people who are accustomed to the European courts to trouble themselves about our little republican distinctions. The Duke goes where he's amused." Mr. van der Luyden paused, but no one spoke. "Yes"it seems he took her with him last night to Mrs. Lemuel Struthers's.

hopeless - sans espoir, désespéré

Republican - républicain, républicaine

Sillerton Jackson has just been to us with the foolish story, and Louisa was rather troubled. So I thought the shortest way was to go straight to Countess Olenska and explain"by the merest hint, you know"how we feel in New York about certain things. I felt I might, without indelicacy, because the evening she dined with us she rather suggested ...

merest - plus, simple

indelicacy - l'indélicatesse

rather let me see that she would be grateful for guidance. And she WAS."

Mr. van der Luyden looked about the room with what would have been self-satisfaction on features less purged of the vulgar passions. On his face it became a mild benevolence which Mrs. Archer's countenance dutifully reflected.

purged - purgé, épuration, purge, éliminer

dutifully - consciencieusement

"How kind you both are, dear Henry"always! Newland will particularly appreciate what you have done because of dear May and his new relations."

She shot an admonitory glance at her son, who said: "Immensely, sir. But I was sure you'd like Madame Olenska."

Mr. van der Luyden looked at him with extreme gentleness. "I never ask to my house, my dear Newland," he said, "any one whom I do not like. And so I have just told Sillerton Jackson." With a glance at the clock he rose and added: "But Louisa will be waiting. We are dining early, to take the Duke to the Opera."

After the portieres had solemnly closed behind their visitor a silence fell upon the Archer family.

"Gracious"how romantic!" at last broke explosively from Janey. No one knew exactly what inspired her elliptic comments, and her relations had long since given up trying to interpret them.

explosively - explosive

inspired - inspirée, inspirer

elliptic - elliptique

Interpret - interpréter, traduire

Mrs. Archer shook her head with a sigh. "Provided it all turns out for the best," she said, in the tone of one who knows how surely it will not. "Newland, you must stay and see Sillerton Jackson when he comes this evening: I really shan't know what to say to him."

sigh - soupir

"Poor mother! But he won't come"" her son laughed, stooping to kiss away her frown.

frown - froncer les sourcils


Some two weeks later, Newland Archer, sitting in abstracted idleness in his private compartment of the office of Letterblair, Lamson and Low, attorneys at law, was summoned by the head of the firm.

abstracted - abstraites, résumé, abstrait

idleness - l'oisiveté, oisiveté, inactivité, indolence, inutilité

compartment - compartiment, terrasse

attorneys - avocats, juriste, avocat, avocate, mandataire

Old Mr. Letterblair, the accredited legal adviser of three generations of New York gentility, throned behind his mahogany desk in evident perplexity.

accredited - accrédité, accréditer

legal adviser - conseiller juridique

perplexity - perplexité

As he stroked his closeclipped white whiskers and ran his hand through the rumpled grey locks above his jutting brows, his disrespectful junior partner thought how much he looked like the Family Physician annoyed with a patient whose symptoms refuse to be classified.

stroked - caressé, coup

closeclipped - closeclipped

whiskers - moustaches, favoris-p, poil de barbe, moustache, vibrisse

rumpled - froissé, froisser

jutting - en saillie, saillir

junior - junior, jeune

physician - médecin, femme médecin, docteur

refuse - refuser, refusons, refusent, refusez

classified - classée, classa, classifiai, classifiés

"My dear sir"" he always addressed Archer as "sir"""I have sent for you to go into a little matter; a matter which, for the moment, I prefer not to mention either to Mr. Skipworth or Mr. Redwood.

Redwood - le séquoia, séquoia

" The gentlemen he spoke of were the other senior partners of the firm; for, as was always the case with legal associations of old standing in New York, all the partners named on the office letter-head were long since dead; and Mr. Letterblair, for example, was, professionally speaking, his own grandson.

senior - senior, aîné, supérieur

professionally - sur le plan professionnel

grandson - petit-fils

He leaned back in his chair with a furrowed brow. "For family reasons"" he continued.

furrowed - s'est froncé, sillon, rigole, ride, sillonner, froncer

Archer looked up.

"The Mingott family," said Mr. Letterblair with an explanatory smile and bow. "Mrs. Manson Mingott sent for me yesterday. Her grand-daughter the Countess Olenska wishes to sue her husband for divorce. Certain papers have been placed in my hands." He paused and drummed on his desk.

explanatory - explicatif

grand - grand, grandiose

sue - rench: poursuivre en justice, intenter un proces a

"In view of your prospective alliance with the family I should like to consult you"to consider the case with you"before taking any farther steps."

alliance - l'alliance, alliance

consult - consulter

Archer felt the blood in his temples. He had seen the Countess Olenska only once since his visit to her, and then at the Opera, in the Mingott box. During this interval she had become a less vivid and importunate image, receding from his foreground as May Welland resumed her rightful place in it.

interval - intervalle

vivid - vivante, vivide

importunate - importun

receding - en recul, reculer

rightful - légitime

He had not heard her divorce spoken of since Janey's first random allusion to it, and had dismissed the tale as unfounded gossip. Theoretically, the idea of divorce was almost as distasteful to him as to his mother; and he was annoyed that Mr. Letterblair (no doubt prompted by old Catherine Mingott) should be so evidently planning to draw him into the affair.

random - au hasard, inconnu, aléatoire, stochastique, pseudo-aléatoire

dismissed - licencié, renvoyer, limoger, licencier, démettre

unfounded - sans fondement

theoretically - théoriquement, en théorie

distasteful - de mauvais gout

prompted - a demandé, ponctuel, indicateur, invite de commande, inciter

After all, there were plenty of Mingott men for such jobs, and as yet he was not even a Mingott by marriage.

He waited for the senior partner to continue. Mr. Letterblair unlocked a drawer and drew out a packet. "If you will run your eye over these papers""

senior partner - partenaire principal

unlocked - déverrouillé, déverrouiller, débloquer

drawer - tiroir, souscripteur

packet - paquet, colis

Archer frowned. "I beg your pardon, sir; but just because of the prospective relationship, I should prefer your consulting Mr. Skipworth or Mr. Redwood."

beg - mendier, implorer, prier

Mr. Letterblair looked surprised and slightly offended. It was unusual for a junior to reject such an opening.

He bowed. "I respect your scruple, sir; but in this case I believe true delicacy requires you to do as I ask. Indeed, the suggestion is not mine but Mrs. Manson Mingott's and her son's. I have seen Lovell Mingott; and also Mr. Welland. They all named you."

scruple - scrupule

Archer felt his temper rising. He had been somewhat languidly drifting with events for the last fortnight, and letting May's fair looks and radiant nature obliterate the rather importunate pressure of the Mingott claims. But this behest of old Mrs. Mingott's roused him to a sense of what the clan thought they had the right to exact from a prospective son-in-law; and he chafed at the role.

languidly - langoureusement

fortnight - quinze jours, deux semaines, quinzaine

obliterate - oblitérer, annihiler, effacer

behest - l'ordre, demande

chafed - par frottement, chauffer en frictionnant, inflammation

"Her uncles ought to deal with this," he said.

"They have. The matter has been gone into by the family. They are opposed to the Countess's idea; but she is firm, and insists on a legal opinion."

opposed - opposée, s'opposer a, opposer

insists - insiste, insister

legal opinion - avis juridique

The young man was silent: he had not opened the packet in his hand.

"Does she want to marry again?"

"I believe it is suggested; but she denies it."

denies - nie, nier, démentir, refuser


"Will you oblige me, Mr. Archer, by first looking through these papers? Afterward, when we have talked the case over, I will give you my opinion."

oblige - imposer, obliger, etre redevable a

Archer withdrew reluctantly with the unwelcome documents. Since their last meeting he had half-unconsciously collaborated with events in ridding himself of the burden of Madame Olenska. His hour alone with her by the firelight had drawn them into a momentary intimacy on which the Duke of St. Austrey's intrusion with Mrs.

reluctantly - a contrecour

unwelcome - indésirable

unconsciously - inconsciemment

collaborated - collaboré, collaborer

ridding - le ridage, débarrasser (de)

firelight - la lumiere du feu

Lemuel Struthers, and the Countess's joyous greeting of them, had rather providentially broken.

joyous - joyeux

providentially - providentiel

Two days later Archer had assisted at the comedy of her reinstatement in the van der Luydens'favour, and had said to himself, with a touch of tartness, that a lady who knew how to thank all-powerful elderly gentlemen to such good purpose for a bunch of flowers did not need either the private consolations or the public championship of a young man of his small compass.

reinstatement - réinstallation

all-powerful - (all-powerful) tout puissant

bunch - bunch, groupe, bouquet, botte, grappe, bande, peloton, tas

consolations - des consolations, consoler, consolation

compass - boussole, compas

To look at the matter in this light simplified his own case and surprisingly furbished up all the dim domestic virtues. He could not picture May Welland, in whatever conceivable emergency, hawking about her private difficulties and lavishing her confidences on strange men; and she had never seemed to him finer or fairer than in the week that followed.

simplified - simplifiée, simplifier

surprisingly - surprenant

dim - dim, faible, vague

virtues - vertus, vertu

conceivable - concevable

hawking - hawking, (hawk) hawking

confidences - des confidences, assurance, confiance en soi, confiance

He had even yielded to her wish for a long engagement, since she had found the one disarming answer to his plea for haste.

disarming - le désarmement, désarmer

"You know, when it comes to the point, your parents have always let you have your way ever since you were a little girl," he argued; and she had answered, with her clearest look: "Yes; and that's what makes it so hard to refuse the very last thing they'll ever ask of me as a little girl."

That was the old New York note; that was the kind of answer he would like always to be sure of his wife's making. If one had habitually breathed the New York air there were times when anything less crystalline seemed stifling.

habitually - de maniere habituelle

crystalline - cristalline, cristallin

stifling - étouffant, (stifle)

The papers he had retired to read did not tell him much in fact; but they plunged him into an atmosphere in which he choked and spluttered. They consisted mainly of an exchange of letters between Count Olenski's solicitors and a French legal firm to whom the Countess had applied for the settlement of her financial situation.

choked - étouffé, suffoquer, étouffer

solicitors - avocats, avocat, avoué

settlement - reglement, reglement, solution, colonie, agglomération

There was also a short letter from the Count to his wife: after reading it, Newland Archer rose, jammed the papers back into their envelope, and reentered Mr. Letterblair's office.

reentered - réintroduit, rentrer

"Here are the letters, sir. If you wish, I'll see Madame Olenska," he said in a constrained voice.

constrained - contraint, astreindre, contraindre, confiner

"Thank you"thank you, Mr. Archer. Come and dine with me tonight if you're free, and we'll go into the matter afterward: in case you wish to call on our client tomorrow."

go into the matter - Entrer dans le détail

Newland Archer walked straight home again that afternoon. It was a winter evening of transparent clearness, with an innocent young moon above the house-tops; and he wanted to fill his soul's lungs with the pure radiance, and not exchange a word with any one till he and Mr. Letterblair were closeted together after dinner.

clearness - clarté

lungs - poumons, poumon

closeted - fermé, placard

It was impossible to decide otherwise than he had done: he must see Madame Olenska himself rather than let her secrets be bared to other eyes. A great wave of compassion had swept away his indifference and impatience: she stood before him as an exposed and pitiful figure, to be saved at all costs from farther wounding herself in her mad plunges against fate.

compassion - la compassion, compassion

Impatience - impatience

pitiful - pitoyable

wounding - blessant, (wound) blessant

plunges - plonge, plonger

He remembered what she had told him of Mrs. Welland's request to be spared whatever was "unpleasant" in her history, and winced at the thought that it was perhaps this attitude of mind which kept the New York air so pure. "Are we only Pharisees after all?" he wondered, puzzled by the effort to reconcile his instinctive disgust at human vileness with his equally instinctive pity for human frailty.

be spared - etre épargnée

Pharisees - pharisiens, pharisien

reconcile - se réconcilier, réconcilier

disgust - dégout, dégouter, dégout

For the first time he perceived how elementary his own principles had always been. He passed for a young man who had not been afraid of risks, and he knew that his secret love-affair with poor silly Mrs. Thorley Rushworth had not been too secret to invest him with a becoming air of adventure. But Mrs.

elementary - élémentaire

Rushworth was "that kind of woman"; foolish, vain, clandestine by nature, and far more attracted by the secrecy and peril of the affair than by such charms and qualities as he possessed. When the fact dawned on him it nearly broke his heart, but now it seemed the redeeming feature of the case.

vain - vaine, rench: vaniteux, frivole, vain, futile

clandestine - clandestine

secrecy - le secret, secret, secrétisme

peril - péril, risque

redeeming - racheter, libérer, secourir, soulager

The affair, in short, had been of the kind that most of the young men of his age had been through, and emerged from with calm consciences and an undisturbed belief in the abysmal distinction between the women one loved and respected and those one enjoyed"and pitied. In this view they were sedulously abetted by their mothers, aunts and other elderly female relatives, who all shared Mrs.

consciences - consciences, conscience

undisturbed - sans etre dérangé

sedulously - séditieusement

abetted - encouragé, encourager

Archer's belief that when "such things happened" it was undoubtedly foolish of the man, but somehow always criminal of the woman. All the elderly ladies whom Archer knew regarded any woman who loved imprudently as necessarily unscrupulous and designing, and mere simple-minded man as powerless in her clutches.

regarded - considérée, considérer

imprudently - imprudemment

powerless - impuissante, impuissant

clutches - embrayages, se raccrocher (a)

The only thing to do was to persuade him, as early as possible, to marry a nice girl, and then trust to her to look after him.

In the complicated old European communities, Archer began to guess, love-problems might be less simple and less easily classified.

Rich and idle and ornamental societies must produce many more such situations; and there might even be one in which a woman naturally sensitive and aloof would yet, from the force of circumstances, from sheer defencelessness and loneliness, be drawn into a tie inexcusable by conventional standards.

idle - au ralenti, fainéant

ornamental - ornemental, ornementale

aloof - a l'écart, a distance, dédaigneusement, distant, dédaigneux

circumstances - circonstances, circonstance

sheer - transparent, pur

defencelessness - sans défense

inexcusable - inexcusable

On reaching home he wrote a line to the Countess Olenska, asking at what hour of the next day she could receive him, and despatched it by a messenger-boy, who returned presently with a word to the effect that she was going to Skuytercliff the next morning to stay over Sunday with the van der Luydens, but that he would find her alone that evening after dinner.

messenger - messager, coursier

stay over - rester

The note was written on a rather untidy half-sheet, without date or address, but her hand was firm and free. He was amused at the idea of her week-ending in the stately solitude of Skuytercliff, but immediately afterward felt that there, of all places, she would most feel the chill of minds rigorously averted from the "unpleasant."

untidy - débraillé, négligé, désordonné, bordélique

rigorously - rigoureusement

averted - évitée, prévenir

He was at Mr. Letterblair's punctually at seven, glad of the pretext for excusing himself soon after dinner. He had formed his own opinion from the papers entrusted to him, and did not especially want to go into the matter with his senior partner. Mr.

punctually - ponctuellement

pretext - prétexte

excusing - excuser, pardonner, justifier

entrusted - confiés, confier

Letterblair was a widower, and they dined alone, copiously and slowly, in a dark shabby room hung with yellowing prints of "The Death of Chatham" and "The Coronation of Napoleon.

widower - veuf

coronation - couronnement

" On the sideboard, between fluted Sheraton knife-cases, stood a decanter of Haut Brion, and another of the old Lanning port (the gift of a client), which the wastrel Tom Lanning had sold off a year or two before his mysterious and discreditable death in San Francisco"an incident less publicly humiliating to the family than the sale of the cellar.

sideboard - le buffet, buffet

fluted - cannelé, flute

decanter - carafe, décanteur

wastrel - gaspilleur, prodigue

discreditable - discréditable

incident - incident, checkfait-divers, checkaccident

humiliating - humiliant, humilier

cellar - cave

After a velvety oyster soup came shad and cucumbers, then a young broiled turkey with corn fritters, followed by a canvas-back with currant jelly and a celery mayonnaise. Mr. Letterblair, who lunched on a sandwich and tea, dined deliberately and deeply, and insisted on his guest's doing the same. Finally, when the closing rites had been accomplished, the cloth was removed, cigars were lit, and Mr.

oyster - huître, huitre, sot-l’y-laisse

turkey - la dinde, dinde, dindon, viande de dinde

corn - mais

fritters - beignets, beignet

currant - raisin de Corinthe, groseille, groseillier

jelly - gelée

celery - céleri

Mayonnaise - la mayonnaise, mayonnaise

deliberately - délibérément

rites - rites, rite

cigars - des cigares, cigare

Letterblair, leaning back in his chair and pushing the port westward, said, spreading his back agreeably to the coal fire behind him: "The whole family are against a divorce. And I think rightly."

agreeably - a l'aise, agréablement

rightly - a juste titre

Archer instantly felt himself on the other side of the argument. "But why, sir? If there ever was a case""

"Well"what's the use? SHE'S here"he's there; the Atlantic's between them. She'll never get back a dollar more of her money than what he's voluntarily returned to her: their damned heathen marriage settlements take precious good care of that. As things go over there, Olenski's acted generously: he might have turned her out without a penny."

voluntarily - volontairement

damned - foutu, maudit, condamné, (damn), condamner, réprouver

heathen - paien, paien, paienne, infidele, checkpaien

settlements - des reglements, reglement, solution, colonie, agglomération

precious - précieux

The young man knew this and was silent.

"I understand, though," Mr. Letterblair continued, "that she attaches no importance to the money. Therefore, as the family say, why not let well enough alone?"

Archer had gone to the house an hour earlier in full agreement with Mr. Letterblair's view; but put into words by this selfish, well-fed and supremely indifferent old man it suddenly became the Pharisaic voice of a society wholly absorbed in barricading itself against the unpleasant.

Selfish - égoiste, égoiste

supremely - supremement

indifferent - indifférent

wholly - entierement

barricading - barricade, barricader

"I think that's for her to decide."

"H'm"have you considered the consequences if she decides for divorce?"

"You mean the threat in her husband's letter? What weight would that carry? It's no more than the vague charge of an angry blackguard."

threat - menace

"Yes; but it might make some unpleasant talk if he really defends the suit."

defends - défend, défendre

"Unpleasant"!" said Archer explosively.

Mr. Letterblair looked at him from under enquiring eyebrows, and the young man, aware of the uselessness of trying to explain what was in his mind, bowed acquiescently while his senior continued: "Divorce is always unpleasant."

acquiescently - avec insistance

"You agree with me?" Mr. Letterblair resumed, after a waiting silence.

"Naturally," said Archer.

"Well, then, I may count on you; the Mingotts may count on you; to use your influence against the idea?"

Archer hesitated. "I can't pledge myself till I've seen the Countess Olenska," he said at length.

pledge - engagement, promettre, mettre en gage, serment, gage

"Mr. Archer, I don't understand you. Do you want to marry into a family with a scandalous divorce-suit hanging over it?"

I don't understand - Je ne comprends pas

scandalous - scandaleux

divorce-suit - (divorce-suit) un proces de divorce

"I don't think that has anything to do with the case."

Mr. Letterblair put down his glass of port and fixed on his young partner a cautious and apprehensive gaze.

cautious - prudent

apprehensive - des appréhensions

Archer understood that he ran the risk of having his mandate withdrawn, and for some obscure reason he disliked the prospect. Now that the job had been thrust on him he did not propose to relinquish it; and, to guard against the possibility, he saw that he must reassure the unimaginative old man who was the legal conscience of the Mingotts.

prospect - prospect, perspective, prospecter

thrust - estocade, poussée, propulser

propose - proposer, demander en mariage

relinquish - abandonner, renoncer, lâcher, relâcher, laisser

reassure - tranquilliser, rassurer, réassurer

unimaginative - sans imagination

"You may be sure, sir, that I shan't commit myself till I've reported to you; what I meant was that I'd rather not give an opinion till I've heard what Madame Olenska has to say."

Mr. Letterblair nodded approvingly at an excess of caution worthy of the best New York tradition, and the young man, glancing at his watch, pleaded an engagement and took leave.

nodded - hoché la tete, dodeliner, hocher, hochement

approvingly - avec approbation

excess - l'exces, exces, franchise, en exces, en trop, excessif

worthy - digne

pleaded - plaidée, plaider


Old-fashioned New York dined at seven, and the habit of after-dinner calls, though derided in Archer's set, still generally prevailed.

derided - tourné en dérision, bafouer, railler

prevailed - a prévalu, dominer, prévaloir, l'emporter, prédominer

As the young man strolled up Fifth Avenue from Waverley Place, the long thoroughfare was deserted but for a group of carriages standing before the Reggie Chiverses'(where there was a dinner for the Duke), and the occasional figure of an elderly gentleman in heavy overcoat and muffler ascending a brownstone doorstep and disappearing into a gas-lit hall.

thoroughfare - voie de circulation, passage, grand-rue, voie principale

muffler - pot d'échappement, silencieux d'échappement

ascending - ascendante, monter

Thus, as Archer crossed Washington Square, he remarked that old Mr. du Lac was calling on his cousins the Dagonets, and turning down the corner of West Tenth Street he saw Mr. Skipworth, of his own firm, obviously bound on a visit to the Miss Lannings.

turning down - Baisser

tenth - dixieme, dixieme ('before the noun'), ('in names of monarchs and popes') dix ('after the name') ('abbreviation' X)

A little farther up Fifth Avenue, Beaufort appeared on his doorstep, darkly projected against a blaze of light, descended to his private brougham, and rolled away to a mysterious and probably unmentionable destination. It was not an Opera night, and no one was giving a party, so that Beaufort's outing was undoubtedly of a clandestine nature.

darkly - sombrement

blaze - flamme, feu, embrasement

unmentionable - inexprimable

Archer connected it in his mind with a little house beyond Lexington Avenue in which beribboned window curtains and flower-boxes had recently appeared, and before whose newly painted door the canary-coloured brougham of Miss Fanny Ring was frequently seen to wait.

beribboned - beribboned

Beyond the small and slippery pyramid which composed Mrs. Archer's world lay the almost unmapped quarter inhabited by artists, musicians and "people who wrote." These scattered fragments of humanity had never shown any desire to be amalgamated with the social structure. In spite of odd ways they were said to be, for the most part, quite respectable; but they preferred to keep to themselves.

composed - composé, composer

unmapped - non cartographié

inhabited - habité, habiter

fragments - fragments, fragment, fragmenter

humanity - l'humanité, humanité

Medora Manson, in her prosperous days, had inaugurated a "literary salon"; but it had soon died out owing to the reluctance of the literary to frequent it.

prosperous - prospere

literary - littéraire

salon - salon, salon de coiffure, salon de beauté, institut de beauté

died out - s'est éteint

Others had made the same attempt, and there was a household of Blenkers"an intense and voluble mother, and three blowsy daughters who imitated her"where one met Edwin Booth and Patti and William Winter, and the new Shakespearian actor George Rignold, and some of the magazine editors and musical and literary critics.

intense - intense

voluble - volubile

blowsy - soufflé

imitated - imité, imiter

booth - kiosque, stand, échoppe, cabine, guérite, box

William - william, Guillaume

Shakespearian - Shakespeare

Mrs. Archer and her group felt a certain timidity concerning these persons. They were odd, they were uncertain, they had things one didn't know about in the background of their lives and minds. Literature and art were deeply respected in the Archer set, and Mrs.

timidity - timidité

concerning - concernant, inquiétude, souci, soin, préoccupation

uncertain - incertaine

Archer was always at pains to tell her children how much more agreeable and cultivated society had been when it included such figures as Washington Irving, Fitz-Greene Halleck and the poet of "The Culprit Fay.

" The most celebrated authors of that generation had been "gentlemen"; perhaps the unknown persons who succeeded them had gentlemanly sentiments, but their origin, their appearance, their hair, their intimacy with the stage and the Opera, made any old New York criterion inapplicable to them.

unknown - inconnu, inconnue

gentlemanly - gentleman

criterion - critere, critere

inapplicable - inapplicable

"When I was a girl," Mrs. Archer used to say, "we knew everybody between the Battery and Canal Street; and only the people one knew had carriages. It was perfectly easy to place any one then; now one can't tell, and I prefer not to try."

Canal - canal

Only old Catherine Mingott, with her absence of moral prejudices and almost parvenu indifference to the subtler distinctions, might have bridged the abyss; but she had never opened a book or looked at a picture, and cared for music only because it reminded her of gala nights at the Italiens, in the days of her triumph at the Tuileries.

prejudices - préjugés, préjugé, idée préconçue, préjudice

parvenu - parvenu, parvenue

abyss - l'abîme, abîme, précipice, abysse, gouffre

gala - gala, fete

Possibly Beaufort, who was her match in daring, would have succeeded in bringing about a fusion; but his grand house and silk-stockinged footmen were an obstacle to informal sociability. Moreover, he was as illiterate as old Mrs. Mingott, and considered "fellows who wrote" as the mere paid purveyors of rich men's pleasures; and no one rich enough to influence his opinion had ever questioned it.

fusion - fusion

obstacle - obstacle

sociability - sociabilité

Moreover - de plus, en plus, au surplus, en outre

illiterate - analphabete, illettré, illettrée, analphabete

fellows - des camarades, homme, type

Newland Archer had been aware of these things ever since he could remember, and had accepted them as part of the structure of his universe.

universe - univers

He knew that there were societies where painters and poets and novelists and men of science, and even great actors, were as sought after as Dukes; he had often pictured to himself what it would have been to live in the intimacy of drawing-rooms dominated by the talk of Merimee (whose "Lettres a une Inconnue" was one of his inseparables), of Thackeray, Browning or William Morris.

novelists - romanciers, romancier, romanciere

une - une

inseparables - inséparables, inséparable

But such things were inconceivable in New York, and unsettling to think of. Archer knew most of the "fellows who wrote," the musicians and the painters: he met them at the Century, or at the little musical and theatrical clubs that were beginning to come into existence.

inconceivable - inconcevable

unsettling - troublant, perturber

He enjoyed them there, and was bored with them at the Blenkers', where they were mingled with fervid and dowdy women who passed them about like captured curiosities; and even after his most exciting talks with Ned Winsett he always came away with the feeling that if his world was small, so was theirs, and that the only way to enlarge either was to reach a stage of manners where they would naturally merge.

fervid - fervent

dowdy - dowdy, vieux jeu

captured - capturé, capture, prisonnier, saisir, capturer, enregistrer

curiosities - curiosités, curiosité

enlarge - agrandir, élargir, accroître

merge - fusionner, amalgamer

He was reminded of this by trying to picture the society in which the Countess Olenska had lived and suffered, and also"perhaps"tasted mysterious joys. He remembered with what amusement she had told him that her grandmother Mingott and the Wellands objected to her living in a "Bohemian" quarter given over to "people who wrote.

joys - joies, joie

" It was not the peril but the poverty that her family disliked; but that shade escaped her, and she supposed they considered literature compromising.

compromising - compromettante, compromis, concession, compromettre

She herself had no fears of it, and the books scattered about her drawing-room (a part of the house in which books were usually supposed to be "out of place"), though chiefly works of fiction, had whetted Archer's interest with such new names as those of Paul Bourget, Huysmans, and the Goncourt brothers.

whetted - aiguisé, aiguiser

Paul - paul

Ruminating on these things as he approached her door, he was once more conscious of the curious way in which she reversed his values, and of the need of thinking himself into conditions incredibly different from any that he knew if he were to be of use in her present difficulty.

ruminating - ruminant, ruminer

approached - approché, (s')approcher (de)

reversed - inversé, faire marche arriere, inverser

Nastasia opened the door, smiling mysteriously. On the bench in the hall lay a sable-lined overcoat, a folded opera hat of dull silk with a gold J. B. on the lining, and a white silk muffler: there was no mistaking the fact that these costly articles were the property of Julius Beaufort.

Bench - banc, établi, banquette

sable - zibeline, martre, sable

Archer was angry: so angry that he came near scribbling a word on his card and going away; then he remembered that in writing to Madame Olenska he had been kept by excess of discretion from saying that he wished to see her privately.

He had therefore no one but himself to blame if she had opened her doors to other visitors; and he entered the drawing-room with the dogged determination to make Beaufort feel himself in the way, and to outstay him.

blame - blâme, gronder, blâment, blâmons, blâmez, blâmer

outstay - de la durée du séjour

The banker stood leaning against the mantelshelf, which was draped with an old embroidery held in place by brass candelabra containing church candles of yellowish wax. He had thrust his chest out, supporting his shoulders against the mantel and resting his weight on one large patent-leather foot.

mantelshelf - étagere de cheminée

candelabra - candélabre, (candelabrum)

yellowish - jaunâtre

As Archer entered he was smiling and looking down on his hostess, who sat on a sofa placed at right angles to the chimney.

A table banked with flowers formed a screen behind it, and against the orchids and azaleas which the young man recognised as tributes from the Beaufort hot-houses, Madame Olenska sat half-reclined, her head propped on a hand and her wide sleeve leaving the arm bare to the elbow.

azaleas - azalées, azalée

tributes - hommages, hommage, tribut

propped - étayé, support

sleeve - manche, chemise (inner), gaine (outer), manchon

It was usual for ladies who received in the evenings to wear what were called "simple dinner dresses": a close-fitting armour of whale-boned silk, slightly open in the neck, with lace ruffles filling in the crack, and tight sleeves with a flounce uncovering just enough wrist to show an Etruscan gold bracelet or a velvet band.

armour - armure, blindez, blinder, blindons, cuirass, blindent

whale - baleine

ruffles - des volants, falbala, ébouriffer

crack - crack, croustiller, fissure, craquement, fracas, craquer

sleeves - manches, manche, chemise (inner), gaine (outer), manchon

flounce - flonflons, volant

uncovering - a découvert, découvrir

Etruscan - étrusque, Étrusque fbysense

But Madame Olenska, heedless of tradition, was attired in a long robe of red velvet bordered about the chin and down the front with glossy black fur. Archer remembered, on his last visit to Paris, seeing a portrait by the new painter, Carolus Duran, whose pictures were the sensation of the Salon, in which the lady wore one of these bold sheath-like robes with her chin nestling in fur.

heedless - sans se soucier des autres, insouciant, inattentif, négligent

attired in - habiller

chin - menton

glossy - luisant, brillant

sheath - gaine

robes - robes, robe

nestling - l'oisillon, (nestle), se pelotonner, se nicher

There was something perverse and provocative in the notion of fur worn in the evening in a heated drawing-room, and in the combination of a muffled throat and bare arms; but the effect was undeniably pleasing.

perverse - pervers

provocative - provocateur, provocatrice

notion - notion

combination - combinaison, sélection, association, groupement, side-car

muffled - étouffé, assourdir

"Lord love us"three whole days at Skuytercliff!" Beaufort was saying in his loud sneering voice as Archer entered. "You'd better take all your furs, and a hot-water-bottle."

Lord - châtelain, seigneur, monsieur

"Why? Is the house so cold?" she asked, holding out her left hand to Archer in a way mysteriously suggesting that she expected him to kiss it.

"No; but the missus is," said Beaufort, nodding carelessly to the young man.

nodding - hochement de tete, (nod), dodeliner, hocher, hochement

"But I thought her so kind. She came herself to invite me. Granny says I must certainly go."

"Granny would, of course. And I say It's a shame you're going to miss the little oyster supper I'd planned for you at Delmonico's next Sunday, with Campanini and Scalchi and a lot of jolly people."

It's a shame - C'est une honte

Delmonico - Delmonico

jolly - jovial

She looked doubtfully from the banker to Archer.

doubtfully - douteux, douteusement

"Ah"that does tempt me! Except the other evening at Mrs. Struthers's I've not met a single artist since I've been here."

tempt - tenter, attirer

"What kind of artists? I know one or two painters, very good fellows, that I could bring to see you if you'd allow me," said Archer boldly.

"Painters? Are there painters in New York?" asked Beaufort, in a tone implying that there could be none since he did not buy their pictures; and Madame Olenska said to Archer, with her grave smile: "That would be charming. But I was really thinking of dramatic artists, singers, actors, musicians. My husband's house was always full of them."

implying - sous-entendu, impliquer, insinuer, sous-entendre

dramatic - dramatique, spectaculaire

She said the words "my husband" as if no sinister associations were connected with them, and in a tone that seemed almost to sigh over the lost delights of her married life. Archer looked at her perplexedly, wondering if it were lightness or dissimulation that enabled her to touch so easily on the past at the very moment when she was risking her reputation in order to break with it.

sinister - sinistre

perplexedly - avec perplexité

lightness - aisance

dissimulation - dissimulation

enabled - activée, autoriser, permettre, activer

"I do think," she went on, addressing both men, "that the imprevu adds to one's enjoyment. It's perhaps a mistake to see the same people every day."

enjoyment - jouissance, plaisir

"It's confoundedly dull, anyhow; New York is dying of dullness," Beaufort grumbled. "And when I try to liven it up for you, you go back on me. Come"think better of it! Sunday is your last chance, for Campanini leaves next week for Baltimore and Philadelphia; and I've a private room, and a Steinway, and they'll sing all night for me."

confoundedly - de maniere déconcertante

dullness - la grisaille, obtusité

liven - animer

"How delicious! May I think it over, and write to you tomorrow morning?"

She spoke amiably, yet with the least hint of dismissal in her voice. Beaufort evidently felt it, and being unused to dismissals, stood staring at her with an obstinate line between his eyes.

amiably - aimablement

unused - inutilisé

dismissals - licenciements, limogeage, licenciement, non-lieu

obstinate - obstiné

"Why not now?"

"It's too serious a question to decide at this late hour."

"Do you call it late?"

She returned his glance coolly. "Yes; because I have still to talk business with Mr. Archer for a little while."

coolly - froidement

talk business - parler affaires

"Ah," Beaufort snapped. There was no appeal from her tone, and with a slight shrug he recovered his composure, took her hand, which he kissed with a practised air, and calling out from the threshold: "I say, Newland, if you can persuade the Countess to stop in town of course you're included in the supper," left the room with his heavy important step.

snapped - cassé, claquer, claquement de doigts, photographie, photo

shrug - haussement d'épaules, hausser les épaules

recovered - récupéré, recouvrer (la santé)

composure - le sang-froid, calme, quiétude

For a moment Archer fancied that Mr. Letterblair must have told her of his coming; but the irrelevance of her next remark made him change his mind.

irrelevance - sans objet, nonertinence, insignifiance

"You know painters, then? You live in their milieu?" she asked, her eyes full of interest.

milieu - milieu

"Oh, not exactly. I don't know that the arts have a milieu here, any of them; they're more like a very thinly settled outskirt."

thinly - finement

outskirt - la périphérie, banlieue

"But you care for such things?"

"Immensely. When I'm in Paris or London I never miss an exhibition. I try to keep up."

She looked down at the tip of the little satin boot that peeped from her long draperies.

peeped - épié, regarder qqch a la dérobée

"I used to care immensely too: my life was full of such things. But now I want to try not to."

"You want to try not to?"

"Yes: I want to cast off all my old life, to become just like everybody else here."

Archer reddened. "You'll never be like everybody else," he said.

She raised her straight eyebrows a little. "Ah, don't say that. If you knew how I hate to be different!"

Her face had grown as sombre as a tragic mask. She leaned forward, clasping her knee in her thin hands, and looking away from him into remote dark distances.

sombre - sombre

tragic - tragique

mask - masque

looking away - a détourné le regard

"I want to get away from it all," she insisted.

He waited a moment and cleared his throat. "I know. Mr. Letterblair has told me."


"That's the reason I've come. He asked me to"you see I'm in the firm."

She looked slightly surprised, and then her eyes brightened. "You mean you can manage it for me? I can talk to you instead of Mr. Letterblair? Oh, that will be so much easier!"

Her tone touched him, and his confidence grew with his self-satisfaction. He perceived that she had spoken of business to Beaufort simply to get rid of him; and to have routed Beaufort was something of a triumph.

"I am here to talk about it," he repeated.

She sat silent, her head still propped by the arm that rested on the back of the sofa. Her face looked pale and extinguished, as if dimmed by the rich red of her dress. She struck Archer, of a sudden, as a pathetic and even pitiful figure.

extinguished - éteinte, éteindre

dimmed - diminué, faible, vague

pathetic - pathétique

"Now we're coming to hard facts," he thought, conscious in himself of the same instinctive recoil that he had so often criticised in his mother and her contemporaries. How little practice he had had in dealing with unusual situations! Their very vocabulary was unfamiliar to him, and seemed to belong to fiction and the stage. In face of what was coming he felt as awkward and embarrassed as a boy.

hard facts - des faits concrets

recoil - recul, reculer

contemporaries - contemporains, contemporain

unfamiliar - peu familier

After a pause Madame Olenska broke out with unexpected vehemence: "I want to be free; I want to wipe out all the past."

wipe - essuyer, essuyez, essuyent, essuyons

"I understand that."

Her face warmed. "Then you'll help me?"

"First"" he hesitated""perhaps I ought to know a little more."

She seemed surprised. "You know about my husband"my life with him?"

He made a sign of assent.

"Well"then"what more is there? In this country are such things tolerated? I'm a Protestant"our church does not forbid divorce in such cases."

tolerated - toléré, tolérer, supporter, souffrir

Protestant - protestant, protestante

"Certainly not."

They were both silent again, and Archer felt the spectre of Count Olenski's letter grimacing hideously between them. The letter filled only half a page, and was just what he had described it to be in speaking of it to Mr. Letterblair: the vague charge of an angry blackguard. But how much truth was behind it? Only Count Olenski's wife could tell.

spectre - spectre

grimacing - grimaçant, grimace, grimacer, faire des grimaces

hideously - hideux

"I've looked through the papers you gave to Mr. Letterblair," he said at length.

"Well"can there be anything more abominable?"

more abominable - plus abominable


She changed her position slightly, screening her eyes with her lifted hand.

"Of course you know," Archer continued, "that if your husband chooses to fight the case"as he threatens to""

Threatens - menace, menacer


"He can say things"things that might be unpl"might be disagreeable to you: say them publicly, so that they would get about, and harm you even if""

disagreeable - incompatible, désagréable


"I mean: no matter how unfounded they were."

She paused for a long interval; so long that, not wishing to keep his eyes on her shaded face, he had time to imprint on his mind the exact shape of her other hand, the one on her knee, and every detail of the three rings on her fourth and fifth fingers; among which, he noticed, a wedding ring did not appear.

shaded - ombragée, alose

imprint - impression, empreinte

"What harm could such accusations, even if he made them publicly, do me here?"

accusations - des accusations, accusation

It was on his lips to exclaim: "My poor child"far more harm than anywhere else!" Instead, he answered, in a voice that sounded in his ears like Mr. Letterblair's: "New York society is a very small world compared with the one you've lived in. And it's ruled, in spite of appearances, by a few people with"well, rather old-fashioned ideas."

exclaim - s'exclamer, exclamer

She said nothing, and he continued: "Our ideas about marriage and divorce are particularly old-fashioned. Our legislation favours divorce"our social customs don't."

Legislation - législation, loi


"Well"not if the woman, however injured, however irreproachable, has appearances in the least degree against her, has exposed herself by any unconventional action to"to offensive insinuations""

unconventional - non conventionnel

offensive - offensant, offensif, offensive

insinuations - insinuations, insinuation

She drooped her head a little lower, and he waited again, intensely hoping for a flash of indignation, or at least a brief cry of denial. None came.

drooped - s'est affaissée, tomber, s'affaisser, bec

denial - négation, dénégation, refus, déni, rejet

A little travelling clock ticked purringly at her elbow, and a log broke in two and sent up a shower of sparks. The whole hushed and brooding room seemed to be waiting silently with Archer.

ticked - tiquée, tic-tac

purringly - en ronronnant

sparks - des étincelles, étincelle

hushed - étouffé, silence

brooding - couvant, méditatif, (brood), couvée, couver, protéger

"Yes," she murmured at length, "that's what my family tell me."

He winced a little. "It's not unnatural""

unnatural - contre nature

"OUR family," she corrected herself; and Archer coloured. "For you'll be my cousin soon," she continued gently.

"I hope so."

"And you take their view?"

He stood up at this, wandered across the room, stared with void eyes at one of the pictures against the old red damask, and came back irresolutely to her side. How could he say: "Yes, if what your husband hints is true, or if you've no way of disproving it?"

void - vide, vacuum

irresolutely - irrésolument

hints - indices, indication, soupçon, faire allusion

disproving - réfuter, infirmer

"Sincerely"" she interjected, as he was about to speak.

interjected - s'est interposé, intervenir

He looked down into the fire. "Sincerely, then"what should you gain that would compensate for the possibility"the certainty"of a lot of beastly talk?"

gain - gain, gagner, produit

certainty - certitude

"But my freedom"is that nothing?"

It flashed across him at that instant that the charge in the letter was true, and that she hoped to marry the partner of her guilt. How was he to tell her that, if she really cherished such a plan, the laws of the State were inexorably opposed to it? The mere suspicion that the thought was in her mind made him feel harshly and impatiently toward her. "But aren't you as free as air as it is?

flashed - flashé, éclair, lueur

guilt - culpabilité

inexorably - inexorablement

suspicion - suspicion, soupçon

impatiently - avec impatience

" he returned. "Who can touch you? Mr. Letterblair tells me the financial question has been settled""

"Oh, yes," she said indifferently.

"Well, then: is it worth while to risk what may be infinitely disagreeable and painful? Think of the newspapers"their vileness! It's all stupid and narrow and unjust"but one can't make over society."

infinitely - a l'infini

unjust - injuste

make over - une transformation

"No," she acquiesced; and her tone was so faint and desolate that he felt a sudden remorse for his own hard thoughts.

acquiesced - acquiescé, acquiescer

desolate - désolée, ravager, désoler

remorse - des remords, remords, componction

"The individual, in such cases, is nearly always sacrificed to what is supposed to be the collective interest: people cling to any convention that keeps the family together"protects the children, if there are any," he rambled on, pouring out all the stock phrases that rose to his lips in his intense desire to cover over the ugly reality which her silence seemed to have laid bare.

collective - collectif

cling - s'accrocher, s'accrocher (a)

convention - convention

rambled - divagué, flâner, se balader, divaguer, radoter

Since she would not or could not say the one word that would have cleared the air, his wish was not to let her feel that he was trying to probe into her secret. Better keep on the surface, in the prudent old New York way, than risk uncovering a wound he could not heal.

probe into - Enqueter sur

Prudent - prudent

wound - blessons, blessent, blessez, blessure, blesser

heal - guérir, cicatriser

"It's my business, you know," he went on, "to help you to see these things as the people who are fondest of you see them. The Mingotts, the Wellands, the van der Luydens, all your friends and relations: if I didn't show you honestly how they judge such questions, it wouldn't be fair of me, would it?" He spoke insistently, almost pleading with her in his eagerness to cover up that yawning silence.

fondest - le plus cher, tendre, amoureux

honestly - honnetement, honnetement, franchement

insistently - avec insistance

pleading - plaidoyer, (plead), plaider

yawning - bâillements, (yawn), bâiller, béer, bâillement

She said slowly: "No; it wouldn't be fair."

The fire had crumbled down to greyness, and one of the lamps made a gurgling appeal for attention. Madame Olenska rose, wound it up and returned to the fire, but without resuming her seat.

crumbled - en miettes, s'effondrer, effriter, émietter, crumble, qualifier

greyness - grisaille

gurgling - gargouillis, (gurgle), gargouiller

resuming - la reprise, reprendre

Her remaining on her feet seemed to signify that there was nothing more for either of them to say, and Archer stood up also.

signify - signifier

"Very well; I will do what you wish," she said abruptly. The blood rushed to his forehead; and, taken aback by the suddenness of her surrender, he caught her two hands awkwardly in his.

rushed - précipité, se précipiter, emmener d'urgence

aback - en colere, étonné

suddenness - soudaineté

surrender - la reddition, capituler, capitulation, reddition

"I"I do want to help you," he said.

"You do help me. Good night, my cousin."

He bent and laid his lips on her hands, which were cold and lifeless. She drew them away, and he turned to the door, found his coat and hat under the faint gas-light of the hall, and plunged out into the winter night bursting with the belated eloquence of the inarticulate.

lifeless - sans vie

gas-light - (gas-light) Une lampe a gaz

bursting - l'éclatement, éclater, faire éclater, rompre, briser

eloquence - l'éloquence, éloquence


It was a crowded night at Wallack's theatre.

The play was "The Shaughraun," with Dion Boucicault in the title role and Harry Montague and Ada Dyas as the lovers. The popularity of the admirable English company was at its height, and the Shaughraun always packed the house.

popularity - popularité

admirable - admirable

In the galleries the enthusiasm was unreserved; in the stalls and boxes, people smiled a little at the hackneyed sentiments and clap-trap situations, and enjoyed the play as much as the galleries did.

enthusiasm - l'enthousiasme, enthousiasme, passion

unreserved - sans réserve

stalls - des décrochages, stalle

hackneyed - éculé, voiture de louage, taxi

clap - applaudir, claquent, claquer, applaudissement, claquez

trap - piege

There was one episode, in particular, that held the house from floor to ceiling. It was that in which Harry Montague, after a sad, almost monosyllabic scene of parting with Miss Dyas, bade her good-bye, and turned to go.

monosyllabic - monosyllabique

bade - Bade

The actress, who was standing near the mantelpiece and looking down into the fire, wore a gray cashmere dress without fashionable loopings or trimmings, moulded to her tall figure and flowing in long lines about her feet. Around her neck was a narrow black velvet ribbon with the ends falling down her back.

Gray - gris

ribbon - ruban

When her wooer turned from her she rested her arms against the mantel-shelf and bowed her face in her hands. On the threshold he paused to look at her; then he stole back, lifted one of the ends of velvet ribbon, kissed it, and left the room without her hearing him or changing her attitude. And on this silent parting the curtain fell.

It was always for the sake of that particular scene that Newland Archer went to see "The Shaughraun." He thought the adieux of Montague and Ada Dyas as fine as anything he had ever seen Croisette and Bressant do in Paris, or Madge Robertson and Kendal in London; in its reticence, its dumb sorrow, it moved him more than the most famous histrionic outpourings.

Madge - Madge

reticence - réticence

dumb - stupide, muet

sorrow - peine, chagrin

histrionic - théâtral, histrionique

outpourings - les effusions, déversement

On the evening in question the little scene acquired an added poignancy by reminding him"he could not have said why"of his leave-taking from Madame Olenska after their confidential talk a week or ten days earlier.

acquired - acquis, acquérir

poignancy - poignante, poignance

confidential - confidentiel

It would have been as difficult to discover any resemblance between the two situations as between the appearance of the persons concerned. Newland Archer could not pretend to anything approaching the young English actor's romantic good looks, and Miss Dyas was a tall red-haired woman of monumental build whose pale and pleasantly ugly face was utterly unlike Ellen Olenska's vivid countenance.

approaching - en approche, (s')approcher (de)

pleasantly - agréablement

utterly - tout a fait

Nor were Archer and Madame Olenska two lovers parting in heart-broken silence; they were client and lawyer separating after a talk which had given the lawyer the worst possible impression of the client's case. Wherein, then, lay the resemblance that made the young man's heart beat with a kind of retrospective excitement?

wherein - ou

retrospective - rétrospective, rétrospectif

It seemed to be in Madame Olenska's mysterious faculty of suggesting tragic and moving possibilities outside the daily run of experience. She had hardly ever said a word to him to produce this impression, but it was a part of her, either a projection of her mysterious and outlandish background or of something inherently dramatic, passionate and unusual in herself.

faculty - la faculté, faculté

projection - saillie, projection

inherently - par nature

Archer had always been inclined to think that chance and circumstance played a small part in shaping people's lots compared with their innate tendency to have things happen to them. This tendency he had felt from the first in Madame Olenska.

circumstance - circonstances, circonstance

innate - inné

The quiet, almost passive young woman struck him as exactly the kind of person to whom things were bound to happen, no matter how much she shrank from them and went out of her way to avoid them. The exciting fact was her having lived in an atmosphere so thick with drama that her own tendency to provoke it had apparently passed unperceived.

provoke - provoquer

unperceived - non perçue

It was precisely the odd absence of surprise in her that gave him the sense of her having been plucked out of a very maelstrom: the things she took for granted gave the measure of those she had rebelled against.

precisely - précisément

plucked - plumé, tirer, pincer, plumer, voler, abats-p, persévérance

maelstrom - maelström, maëlstrom, tourbillon

granted - accordée, accorder, admettre

rebelled - s'est rebellé, rebelle

Archer had left her with the conviction that Count Olenski's accusation was not unfounded. The mysterious person who figured in his wife's past as "the secretary" had probably not been unrewarded for his share in her escape.

accusation - accusation

unrewarded - non récompensée

The conditions from which she had fled were intolerable, past speaking of, past believing: she was young, she was frightened, she was desperate"what more natural than that she should be grateful to her rescuer? The pity was that her gratitude put her, in the law's eyes and the world's, on a par with her abominable husband.

intolerable - intolérable

desperate - désespérée, désespéré

rescuer - sauveur, sauveuse, sauveteur, sauveteuse

par - par, égalité

abominable - abominable

Archer had made her understand this, as he was bound to do; he had also made her understand that simplehearted kindly New York, on whose larger charity she had apparently counted, was precisely the place where she could least hope for indulgence.

simplehearted - simple cour

indulgence - indulgence

To have to make this fact plain to her"and to witness her resigned acceptance of it"had been intolerably painful to him. He felt himself drawn to her by obscure feelings of jealousy and pity, as if her dumbly-confessed error had put her at his mercy, humbling yet endearing her. He was glad it was to him she had revealed her secret, rather than to the cold scrutiny of Mr.

witness - témoignage, témoin, preuve, témoigner

acceptance - l'acceptation, acceptation, adhésion, admission, adoption

intolerably - intolérable

jealousy - jalousie, envie

dumbly - betement

confessed - avoué, avouer, confesser

humbling - l'humilité, (humble) l'humilité

endearing - attachant, rendre cher (a)

revealed - révélée, révéler, laisser voir

Letterblair, or the embarrassed gaze of her family. He immediately took it upon himself to assure them both that she had given up her idea of seeking a divorce, basing her decision on the fact that she had understood the uselessness of the proceeding; and with infinite relief they had all turned their eyes from the "unpleasantness" she had spared them.

assure - assurer, rassurer

seeking - a la recherche, chercher

infinite - infini, un nombre infini de

"I was sure Newland would manage it," Mrs. Welland had said proudly of her future son-in-law; and old Mrs. Mingott, who had summoned him for a confidential interview, had congratulated him on his cleverness, and added impatiently: "Silly goose! I told her myself What nonsense it was.

proudly - fierement, fierement

congratulated - félicité, féliciter

cleverness - l'ingéniosité

What nonsense - Quelle absurdité

Wanting to pass herself off as Ellen Mingott and an old maid, when she has the luck to be a married woman and a Countess!"

These incidents had made the memory of his last talk with Madame Olenska so vivid to the young man that as the curtain fell on the parting of the two actors his eyes filled with tears, and he stood up to leave the theatre.

Incidents - incidents, incident, frait-divers, fr

In doing so, he turned to the side of the house behind him, and saw the lady of whom he was thinking seated in a box with the Beauforts, Lawrence Lefferts and one or two other men. He had not spoken with her alone since their evening together, and had tried to avoid being with her in company; but now their eyes met, and as Mrs.

Beaufort recognised him at the same time, and made her languid little gesture of invitation, it was impossible not to go into the box.

languid - langoureux, languissant

Beaufort and Lefferts made way for him, and after a few words with Mrs. Beaufort, who always preferred to look beautiful and not have to talk, Archer seated himself behind Madame Olenska. There was no one else in the box but Mr. Sillerton Jackson, who was telling Mrs. Beaufort in a confidential undertone about Mrs.

undertone - sous-entendu, nuance

Lemuel Struthers's last Sunday reception (where some people reported that there had been dancing). Under cover of this circumstantial narrative, to which Mrs. Beaufort listened with her perfect smile, and her head at just the right angle to be seen in profile from the stalls, Madame Olenska turned and spoke in a low voice.

right angle - le bon angle

"Do you think," she asked, glancing toward the stage, "he will send her a bunch of yellow roses tomorrow morning?"

Archer reddened, and his heart gave a leap of surprise. He had called only twice on Madame Olenska, and each time he had sent her a box of yellow roses, and each time without a card. She had never before made any allusion to the flowers, and he supposed she had never thought of him as the sender.

leap - saut, sauter

sender - l'expéditeur, expéditeur, expéditrice

Now her sudden recognition of the gift, and her associating it with the tender leave-taking on the stage, filled him with an agitated pleasure.

recognition - reconnaissance

associating - s'associer, fréquenter, associer

"I was thinking of that too"I was going to leave the theatre in order to take the picture away with me," he said.

To his surprise her colour rose, reluctantly and duskily. She looked down at the mother-of-pearl opera-glass in her smoothly gloved hands, and said, after a pause: "What do you do while May is away?"

duskily - crépusculaire

pearl - perle, joyau, perlure, parisienne, sédanoise

smoothly - en douceur, souplement, doucement

"I stick to my work," he answered, faintly annoyed by the question.

In obedience to a long-established habit, the Wellands had left the previous week for St. Augustine, where, out of regard for the supposed susceptibility of Mr. Welland's bronchial tubes, they always spent the latter part of the winter. Mr. Welland was a mild and silent man, with no opinions but with many habits.

obedience - l'obéissance, obéissance

Augustine - augustine, Augustin

susceptibility - la susceptibilité, susceptibilité

bronchial - bronchique, bronchial

With these habits none might interfere; and one of them demanded that his wife and daughter should always go with him on his annual journey to the south. To preserve an unbroken domesticity was essential to his peace of mind; he would not have known where his hair-brushes were, or how to provide stamps for his letters, if Mrs. Welland had not been there to tell him.

interfere - meler

demanded - demandée, demande, exigence, exiger

preserve - confiture, conserve, réserve naturelle, domaine réservé

unbroken - ininterrompue

As all the members of the family adored each other, and as Mr. Welland was the central object of their idolatry, it never occurred to his wife and May to let him go to St. Augustine alone; and his sons, who were both in the law, and could not leave New York during the winter, always joined him for Easter and travelled back with him.

idolatry - l'idolâtrie, idolâtrie

It was impossible for Archer to discuss the necessity of May's accompanying her father. The reputation of the Mingotts'family physician was largely based on the attack of pneumonia which Mr. Welland had never had; and his insistence on St. Augustine was therefore inflexible.

accompanying - accompagnant, accompagner

largely - en grande partie, largement, en général, pour la plupart

Originally, it had been intended that May's engagement should not be announced till her return from Florida, and the fact that it had been made known sooner could not be expected to alter Mr. Welland's plans. Archer would have liked to join the travellers and have a few weeks of sunshine and boating with his betrothed; but he too was bound by custom and conventions.

Florida - la floride, Floride

alter - modifier, altérent, altérez, altérer, altérons

travellers - voyageurs, voyageur, voyageuse

sunshine - soleil, lumiere du soleil

Little arduous as his professional duties were, he would have been convicted of frivolity by the whole Mingott clan if he had suggested asking for a holiday in mid-winter; and he accepted May's departure with the resignation which he perceived would have to be one of the principal constituents of married life.

arduous - difficile, ardu

convicted - condamnés, condamner, criminel, bagnard

frivolity - frivolité

mid - moyenne, mi-, au milieu de, en plein

resignation - démission, résignation

principal - principal, directeur, directrice

constituents - constituants, constituant, composant, électeur

He was conscious that Madame Olenska was looking at him under lowered lids. "I have done what you wished"what you advised," she said abruptly.

lowered - abaissé, (s')assombrir

"Ah"I'm glad," he returned, embarrassed by her broaching the subject at such a moment.

"I understand"that you were right," she went on a little breathlessly; "but sometimes life is difficult ... perplexing..."

breathlessly - a bout de souffle

perplexing - perplexe, déconcerter, troubler, dérouter

"I know."

"And I wanted to tell you that I DO feel you were right; and that I'm grateful to you," she ended, lifting her opera-glass quickly to her eyes as the door of the box opened and Beaufort's resonant voice broke in on them.

resonant - résonnante, résonant

Archer stood up, and left the box and the theatre.

Only the day before he had received a letter from May Welland in which, with characteristic candour, she had asked him to "be kind to Ellen" in their absence. "She likes you and admires you so much"and you know, though she doesn't show it, she's still very lonely and unhappy.

candour - candeur

I don't think Granny understands her, or uncle Lovell Mingott either; they really think she's much worldlier and fonder of society than she is. And I can quite see that New York must seem dull to her, though the family won't admit it.

fonder - plus affectueux, tendre, amoureux

I think she's been used to lots of things we haven't got; wonderful music, and picture shows, and celebrities"artists and authors and all the clever people you admire. Granny can't understand her wanting anything but lots of dinners and clothes"but I can see that you're almost the only person in New York who can talk to her about what she really cares for."

His wise May"how he had loved her for that letter! But he had not meant to act on it; he was too busy, to begin with, and he did not care, as an engaged man, to play too conspicuously the part of Madame Olenska's champion. He had an idea that she knew how to take care of herself a good deal better than the ingenuous May imagined. She had Beaufort at her feet, Mr.

conspicuously - ostensiblement

ingenuous - ingénue

van der Luyden hovering above her like a protecting deity, and any number of candidates (Lawrence Lefferts among them) waiting their opportunity in the middle distance. Yet he never saw her, or exchanged a word with her, without feeling that, after all, May's ingenuousness almost amounted to a gift of divination. Ellen Olenska was lonely and she was unhappy.

hovering - en vol stationnaire, éventiller, faire du sur-place, hésiter

ingenuousness - l'ingénuité, ingénuité

divination - la divination, divination


As he came out into the lobby Archer ran across his friend Ned Winsett, the only one among what Janey called his "clever people" with whom he cared to probe into things a little deeper than the average level of club and chop-house banter.

lobby - lobby, hall

probe - Une sonde

chop - chop, hacher

banter - plaisanterie, badinage, badiner, s'amuser, taquiner

He had caught sight, across the house, of Winsett's shabby round-shouldered back, and had once noticed his eyes turned toward the Beaufort box. The two men shook hands, and Winsett proposed a bock at a little German restaurant around the corner.

proposed - proposée, proposer, demander en mariage

bock - bock

Archer, who was not in the mood for the kind of talk they were likely to get there, declined on the plea that he had work to do at home; and Winsett said: "Oh, well so have I for that matter, and I'll be the Industrious Apprentice too."

industrious - industrieux

apprentice - apprenti

They strolled along together, and presently Winsett said: "Look here, what I'm really after is the name of the dark lady in that swell box of yours"with the Beauforts, wasn't she? The one your friend Lefferts seems so smitten by."

swell - gonfler, déferlement, se tuméfier

smitten - amoureux, frapper

Archer, he could not have said why, was slightly annoyed. What the devil did Ned Winsett want with Ellen Olenska's name? And above all, why did he couple it with Lefferts's? It was unlike Winsett to manifest such curiosity; but after all, Archer remembered, he was a journalist.

devil - Diable, Satan, type

manifest - manifeste, bordereau, profession de foi, proclamation

"It's not for an interview, I hope?" he laughed.

"Well"not for the press; just for myself," Winsett rejoined. "The fact is she's a neighbour of mine"queer quarter for such a beauty to settle in"and she's been awfully kind to my little boy, who fell down her area chasing his kitten, and gave himself a nasty cut.

chasing - chassant, (chas) chassant

kitten - chaton, blaireautin

She rushed in bareheaded, carrying him in her arms, with his knee all beautifully bandaged, and was so sympathetic and beautiful that my wife was too dazzled to ask her name."

bareheaded - tete nue

dazzled - éblouie, éblouir

A pleasant glow dilated Archer's heart. There was nothing extraordinary in the tale: any woman would have done as much for a neighbour's child. But it was just like Ellen, he felt, to have rushed in bareheaded, carrying the boy in her arms, and to have dazzled poor Mrs. Winsett into forgetting to ask who she was.

dilated - dilaté, dilater, se dilater

extraordinary - extraordinaire

"That is the Countess Olenska"a granddaughter of old Mrs. Mingott's."

"Whew"a Countess!" whistled Ned Winsett. "Well, I didn't know Countesses were so neighbourly. Mingotts ain't."

Whew - ouf

whistled - sifflé, sifflet, siffler, sifflement, sifflements-p

countesses - comtesses, comtesse

ain - Ain

"They would be, if you'd let them."

"Ah, well"" It was their old interminable argument as to the obstinate unwillingness of the "clever people" to frequent the fashionable, and both men knew that there was no use in prolonging it.

interminable - interminable

prolonging - prolonger

"I wonder," Winsett broke off, "how a Countess happens to live in our slum?"

slum - bidonville, bas fonds, taudis

"Because She doesn't care a hang about where she lives"or about any of our little social sign-posts," said Archer, with a secret pride in his own picture of her.

She doesn't care a hang - Elle s'en fiche completement

hang about - s'accrocher

"H'm"been in bigger places, I suppose," the other commented. "Well, here's my corner."

He slouched off across Broadway, and Archer stood looking after him and musing on his last words.

slouched - avachi, empoté

musing - muser, songeur, pensif, pensée, (mus) muser

Ned Winsett had those flashes of penetration; they were the most interesting thing about him, and always made Archer wonder why they had allowed him to accept failure so stolidly at an age when most men are still struggling.

flashes - flashes, éclair, lueur

failure - l'échec, échec, daube, flop, panne

stolidly - solidement

struggling - en difficulté, luttant, (struggle), lutte, lutter, s'efforcer

Archer had known that Winsett had a wife and child, but he had never seen them. The two men always met at the Century, or at some haunt of journalists and theatrical people, such as the restaurant where Winsett had proposed to go for a bock.

haunt - hanter, demeurer, point de rencontre

He had given Archer to understand that his wife was an invalid; which might be true of the poor lady, or might merely mean that she was lacking in social gifts or in evening clothes, or in both.

invalid - invalide, périmé

Winsett himself had a savage abhorrence of social observances: Archer, who dressed in the evening because he thought it cleaner and more comfortable to do so, and who had never stopped to consider that cleanliness and comfort are two of the costliest items in a modest budget, regarded Winsett's attitude as part of the boring "Bohemian" pose that always made fashionable people, who changed their clothes without talking about it, and were not forever harping on the number of servants one kept, seem so much simpler and less self-conscious than the others. Nevertheless, he was always stimulated by Winsett, and whenever he caught sight of the journalist's lean bearded face and melancholy eyes he would rout him out of his corner and carry him off for a long talk.

abhorrence - l'horreur, aversion, répulsion, horreur

observances - les observances, observance

cleanliness - la propreté, propreté

costliest - le plus cher, couteux, lourd

budget - budget, budgétaire

pose - poser, posez, posent, posons

harping - le harcelement, (harp), harpe

nevertheless - néanmoins, toutefois, pourtant, malgré tout

stimulated - stimulée, stimuler

bearded - barbu, barbe

rout - déroute, mettre en déroute

Winsett was not a journalist by choice.

He was a pure man of letters, untimely born in a world that had no need of letters; but after publishing one volume of brief and exquisite literary appreciations, of which one hundred and twenty copies were sold, thirty given away, and the balance eventually destroyed by the publishers (as per contract) to make room for more marketable material, he had abandoned his real calling, and taken a sub-editorial job on a women's weekly, where fashion-plates and paper patterns alternated with New England love-stories and advertisements of temperance drinks.

untimely - inopportun, intempestif, vert

appreciations - appréciations, appréciation, estimation, évaluation

publishers - éditeurs, éditeur, maison d’édition

contract - contrat, contractez, contractent, contractons

more marketable - plus commercialisable

abandoned - abandonnée, abandonner

sub - sous, sous-, sub-

editorial - éditorial, rédactionnel

weekly - hebdomadaire, hebdomadairement, chaque semaine

alternated - en alternance, alternatif, alternative, alterner

temperance - la tempérance, sobriété, tempérance

On the subject of "Hearth-fires" (as the paper was called) he was inexhaustibly entertaining; but beneath his fun lurked the sterile bitterness of the still young man who has tried and given up.

hearth - âtre, foyer, foyers

inexhaustibly - inépuisable

lurked - s'est caché, se cacher, s'embusquer, se dissimuler

sterile - stérile

bitterness - l'amertume, amertume

His conversation always made Archer take the measure of his own life, and feel how little it contained; but Winsett's, after all, contained still less, and though their common fund of intellectual interests and curiosities made their talks exhilarating, their exchange of views usually remained within the limits of a pensive dilettantism.

fund - fonds, financer

pensive - pensif, chagrin, mélancolique

dilettantism - le dilettantisme, dilettantisme

"The fact is, life isn't much a fit for either of us," Winsett had once said. "I'm down and out; nothing to be done about it. I've got only one ware to produce, and there's no market for it here, and won't be in my time. But you're free and you're well-off. Why don't you get into touch? There's only one way to do it: to go into politics."

Archer threw his head back and laughed. There one saw at a flash the unbridgeable difference between men like Winsett and the others"Archer's kind. Every one in polite circles knew that, in America, "a gentleman couldn't go into politics." But, since he could hardly put it in that way to Winsett, he answered evasively: "Look at the career of the honest man in American politics! They don't want us.

unbridgeable - irrécupérable


"Who's 'they'? Why don't you all get together and be 'they'yourselves?"

Archer's laugh lingered on his lips in a slightly condescending smile. It was useless to prolong the discussion: everybody knew the melancholy fate of the few gentlemen who had risked their clean linen in municipal or state politics in New York.

prolong - prolonger

Municipal - municipal

The day was past when that sort of thing was possible: the country was in possession of the bosses and the emigrant, and decent people had to fall back on sport or culture.

emigrant - émigré, émigrée, émigrant, émigrante

"Culture! Yes"if we had it! But there are just a few little local patches, dying out here and there for lack of"well, hoeing and cross-fertilising: the last remnants of the old European tradition that your forebears brought with them. But you're in a pitiful little minority: you've got no centre, no competition, no audience.

patches - des correctifs, piece, rustine

dying out - s'éteindre

hoeing - le binage, binette

remnants - des vestiges, reste

forebears - les ancetres, ancetre

minority - minorité, minoritaire

You're like the pictures on the walls of a deserted house: 'The Portrait of a Gentleman.'You'll never amount to anything, any of you, till you roll up your sleeves and get right down into the muck. That, or emigrate ... God! If I could emigrate ..."

muck - de la boue, boue, gadoue, fumier

emigrate - émigrer

Archer mentally shrugged his shoulders and turned the conversation back to books, where Winsett, if uncertain, was always interesting. Emigrate! As if a gentleman could abandon his own country! One could no more do that than one could roll up one's sleeves and go down into the muck. A gentleman simply stayed at home and abstained.

shrugged - haussé les épaules, haussement d'épaules, hausser les épaules

abandon - abandonner, renoncer, abandonnent, abandonnons, délaisser

abstained - s'est abstenu, s'abstenir

But you couldn't make a man like Winsett see that; and that was why the New York of literary clubs and exotic restaurants, though a first shake made it seem more of a kaleidoscope, turned out, in the end, to be a smaller box, with a more monotonous pattern, than the assembled atoms of Fifth Avenue.

exotic - exotique

kaleidoscope - kaléidoscope, caléidoscope

more monotonous - plus monotone

atoms - atomes, atome

The next morning Archer scoured the town in vain for more yellow roses. In consequence of this search he arrived late at the office, perceived that his doing so made no difference whatever to any one, and was filled with sudden exasperation at the elaborate futility of his life. Why should he not be, at that moment, on the sands of St. Augustine with May Welland?

scoured - nettoyée, récurer

exasperation - l'exaspération, exaspération

futility - futilité

No one was deceived by his pretense of professional activity. In old-fashioned legal firms like that of which Mr.

deceived - trompé, tromper, leurrer, séduire

firms - des entreprises, solide, ferme

Letterblair was the head, and which were mainly engaged in the management of large estates and "conservative" investments, there were always two or three young men, fairly well-off, and without professional ambition, who, for a certain number of hours of each day, sat at their desks accomplishing trivial tasks, or simply reading the newspapers.

estates - les successions, patrimoine, noblesse, proprieté, , biens-p

conservative - conservateur, conservatrice, prudent

investments - investissements, investissement

accomplishing - accomplir

trivial - insignifiante, trivial, anodin, banal

Though it was supposed to be proper for them to have an occupation, the crude fact of money-making was still regarded as derogatory, and the law, being a profession, was accounted a more gentlemanly pursuit than business.

occupation - profession, occupation

crude - cru, vulgaire, brut

derogatory - désobligeant

pursuit - poursuite

But none of these young men had much hope of really advancing in his profession, or any earnest desire to do so; and over many of them the green mould of the perfunctory was already perceptibly spreading.

mould - moule, modeler

perfunctory - superficielle

perceptibly - de maniere perceptible

It made Archer shiver to think that it might be spreading over him too. He had, to be sure, other tastes and interests; he spent his vacations in European travel, cultivated the "clever people" May spoke of, and generally tried to "keep up," as he had somewhat wistfully put it to Madame Olenska.

wistfully - avec nostalgie

But once he was married, what would become of this narrow margin of life in which his real experiences were lived? He had seen enough of other young men who had dreamed his dream, though perhaps less ardently, and who had gradually sunk into the placid and luxurious routine of their elders.

margin - marge

ardently - généreuxse, véhément

gradually - progressivement

placid - placide

luxurious - luxueux, de luxe

From the office he sent a note by messenger to Madame Olenska, asking if he might call that afternoon, and begging her to let him find a reply at his club; but at the club he found nothing, nor did he receive any letter the following day.

begging - la mendicité, (beg) la mendicité

This unexpected silence mortified him beyond reason, and though the next morning he saw a glorious cluster of yellow roses behind a florist's window-pane, he left it there. It was only on the third morning that he received a line by post from the Countess Olenska.

pane - panneau, vitre

To his surprise it was dated from Skuytercliff, whither the van der Luydens had promptly retreated after putting the Duke on board his steamer.

whither - ou

retreated - s'est retirée, battre en retraite

"I ran away," the writer began abruptly (without the usual preliminaries), "the day after I saw you at the play, and these kind friends have taken me in. I wanted to be quiet, and think things over. You were right in telling me how kind they were; I feel myself so safe here. I wish that you were with us.

preliminaries - préliminaires, préliminaire

" She ended with a conventional "Yours sincerely," and without any allusion to the date of her return.

Yours sincerely - Je vous prie d'agréer, Madame, Monsieur, l'expression de mes sentiments distingués.

The tone of the note surprised the young man. What was Madame Olenska running away from, and why did she feel the need to be safe? His first thought was of some dark menace from abroad; then he reflected that he did not know her epistolary style, and that it might run to picturesque exaggeration.

menace - menace, menacer

epistolary - épistolaire

picturesque - pittoresque

exaggeration - exagération

Women always exaggerated; and moreover she was not wholly at her ease in English, which she often spoke as if she were translating from the French.

"Je me suis evadee"" put in that way, the opening sentence immediately suggested that she might merely have wanted to escape from a boring round of engagements; which was very likely true, for he judged her to be capricious, and easily wearied of the pleasure of the moment.

suis - suis

engagements - engagements, fiançailles-p

capricious - capricieux

wearied - fatigué, las, lasser

It amused him to think of the van der Luydens'having carried her off to Skuytercliff on a second visit, and this time for an indefinite period. The doors of Skuytercliff were rarely and grudgingly opened to visitors, and a chilly week-end was the most ever offered to the few thus privileged. But Archer had seen, on his last visit to Paris, the delicious play of Labiche, "Le Voyage de M.

grudgingly - a contrecour, envieuxse

chilly - frisquet

offered - proposé, offrir, proposer

le - LE

Perrichon," and he remembered M. Perrichon's dogged and undiscouraged attachment to the young man whom he had pulled out of the glacier. The van der Luydens had rescued Madame Olenska from a doom almost as icy; and though there were many other reasons for being attracted to her, Archer knew that beneath them all lay the gentle and obstinate determination to go on rescuing her.

undiscouraged - sans découragement

attachment - l'attachement, attachement, dépendance, piece jointe, saisie

glacier - glacier

rescued - sauvée, délivrer, secourir, sauver, fr

doom - doom, mort, ruine, perte, condamner

icy - glacé, glacial, gelé

rescuing - le sauvetage, délivrer, secourir, sauver, fr

He felt a distinct disappointment on learning that she was away; and almost immediately remembered that, only the day before, he had refused an invitation to spend the following Sunday with the Reggie Chiverses at their house on the Hudson, a few miles below Skuytercliff.

distinct - distinct, intelligible, reconnaissable

disappointment - déception

He had had his fill long ago of the noisy friendly parties at Highbank, with coasting, ice-boating, sleighing, long tramps in the snow, and a general flavour of mild flirting and milder practical jokes. He had just received a box of new books from his London book-seller, and had preferred the prospect of a quiet Sunday at home with his spoils.

sleighing - en traîneau, (sleigh) en traîneau

Tramps - des clochards, clochard, va-nu-pieds, traînée, garce

flavour of - saveur de

flirting - flirt, (flirt), draguer, flirter

seller - vendeur, vendeur/-deuse

spoils - le gâchis, gâter, gâcher, tourner, dévoiler

But he now went into the club writing-room, wrote a hurried telegram, and told the servant to send it immediately. He knew that Mrs. Reggie didn't object to her visitors'suddenly changing their minds, and that there was always a room to spare in her elastic house.

telegram - télégramme, dépeche

elastic - élastique


Newland Archer arrived at the Chiverses'on Friday evening, and on Saturday went conscientiously through all the rites appertaining to a week-end at Highbank.

conscientiously - consciencieusement

appertaining - en rapport, appartenir

In the morning he had a spin in the ice-boat with his hostess and a few of the hardier guests; in the afternoon he "went over the farm" with Reggie, and listened, in the elaborately appointed stables, to long and impressive disquisitions on the horse; after tea he talked in a corner of the firelit hall with a young lady who had professed herself broken-hearted when his engagement was announced, but was now eager to tell him of her own matrimonial hopes; and finally, about midnight, he assisted in putting a gold-fish in one visitor's bed, dressed up a burglar in the bath-room of a nervous aunt, and saw in the small hours by joining in a pillow-fight that ranged from the nurseries to the basement. But on Sunday after luncheon he borrowed a cutter, and drove over to Skuytercliff.

spin - l'essorage, tournoyer, (faire) tourner

hardier - plus résistants, robuste, rustique

elaborately - de maniere élaborée

appointed - nommés, fixer, gloss

disquisitions - disquisitions, disquisition

matrimonial - matrimonial

burglar - cambrioleur, cambrioleuse

joining in - se joindre a nous

pillow - oreiller, tetiere

nurseries - les creches, creche, pouponniere, pépiniere

basement - sous-sol, cave, socle

People had always been told that the house at Skuytercliff was an Italian villa. Those who had never been to Italy believed it; so did some who had. The house had been built by Mr. van der Luyden in his youth, on his return from the "grand tour," and in anticipation of his approaching marriage with Miss Louisa Dagonet.

It was a large square wooden structure, with tongued and grooved walls painted pale green and white, a Corinthian portico, and fluted pilasters between the windows. From the high ground on which it stood a series of terraces bordered by balustrades and urns descended in the steel-engraving style to a small irregular lake with an asphalt edge overhung by rare weeping conifers.

grooved - rainuré, rainure, sillon, routine, groove, puits

Corinthian - corinthien, Corinthienne

Terraces - les terrasses, toit-terrasse, terrasse, gradins-p

balustrades - les balustrades, balustrade

urns - urnes, urne

steel-engraving - (steel-engraving) gravure sur acier

weeping - pleurant, (weep) pleurant

conifers - les coniferes, conifere

To the right and left, the famous weedless lawns studded with "specimen" trees (each of a different variety) rolled away to long ranges of grass crested with elaborate cast-iron ornaments; and below, in a hollow, lay the four-roomed stone house which the first Patroon had built on the land granted him in 1612.

weedless - sans mauvaises herbes

crested - a crete, crete, huppe, aigrette, cimier, criniere

Against the uniform sheet of snow and the greyish winter sky the Italian villa loomed up rather grimly; even in summer it kept its distance, and the boldest coleus bed had never ventured nearer than thirty feet from its awful front.

greyish - grisâtre

grimly - sinistre

boldest - le plus audacieux, hardi, audacieux

coleus - coleus

Now, as Archer rang the bell, the long tinkle seemed to echo through a mausoleum; and the surprise of the butler who at length responded to the call was as great as though he had been summoned from his final sleep.

tinkle - tinkle, tinter, tintement

Echo - echo, écho

mausoleum - mausolée

Happily Archer was of the family, and therefore, irregular though his arrival was, entitled to be informed that the Countess Olenska was out, having driven to afternoon service with Mrs. van der Luyden exactly three quarters of an hour earlier.

"Mr. van der Luyden," the butler continued, "is in, sir; but my impression is that he is either finishing his nap or else reading yesterday's Evening Post. I heard him say, sir, on his return from church this morning, that he intended to look through the Evening Post after luncheon; if you like, sir, I might go to the library door and listen""

nap - sieste, petit somme

But Archer, thanking him, said that he would go and meet the ladies; and the butler, obviously relieved, closed the door on him majestically.

majestically - majestueusement

A groom took the cutter to the stables, and Archer struck through the park to the high-road. The village of Skuytercliff was only a mile and a half away, but he knew that Mrs. van der Luyden never walked, and that he must keep to the road to meet the carriage.

groom - marié, garçon d'écurie

Presently, however, coming down a foot-path that crossed the highway, he caught sight of a slight figure in a red cloak, with a big dog running ahead. He hurried forward, and Madame Olenska stopped short with a smile of welcome.

highway - autoroute, grand chemin, grand’route, chaussée

"Ah, you've come!" she said, and drew her hand from her muff.

muff - muff

The red cloak made her look gay and vivid, like the Ellen Mingott of old days; and he laughed as he took her hand, and answered: "I came to see what you were running away from."

Her face clouded over, but she answered: "Ah, well"you will see, presently."

The answer puzzled him. "Why"do you mean that you've been overtaken?"

overtaken - dépassé, dépasser, doubler, surprendre

She shrugged her shoulders, with a little movement like Nastasia's, and rejoined in a lighter tone: "Shall we walk on? I'm so cold after the sermon. And what does it matter, now you're here to protect me?"

sermon - sermon

The blood rose to his temples and he caught a fold of her cloak. "Ellen"what is it? You must tell me."

"Oh, presently"let's run a race first: my feet are freezing to the ground," she cried; and gathering up the cloak she fled away across the snow, the dog leaping about her with challenging barks. For a moment Archer stood watching, his gaze delighted by the flash of the red meteor against the snow; then he started after her, and they met, panting and laughing, at a wicket that led into the park.

barks - aboie, aboiement

meteor - météorite, météore

panting - haletant, (pant) haletant

wicket - guichet

She looked up at him and smiled. "I knew you'd come!"

"That shows you wanted me to," he returned, with a disproportionate joy in their nonsense. The white glitter of the trees filled the air with its own mysterious brightness, and as they walked on over the snow the ground seemed to sing under their feet.

disproportionate - disproportionnel, disproportionné

brightness - brillance, luminosité, intelligence

"Where did you come from?" Madame Olenska asked.

He told her, and added: "It was because I got your note."

After a pause she said, with a just perceptible chill in her voice: "May asked you to take care of me."

"I didn't need any asking."

"You mean"I'm so evidently helpless and defenceless? What a poor thing you must all think me! But women here seem not"seem never to feel the need: any more than the blessed in heaven."

helpless - sans défense, désemparé

defenceless - sans défense

blessed - bienheureux, béni, (bless)

He lowered his voice to ask: "What sort of a need?"

"Ah, Don't ask me! I don't speak your language," she retorted petulantly.

Don't ask - Ne pas demander

retorted - a rétorqué, rétorquer

petulantly - avec pétulance

The answer smote him like a blow, and he stood still in the path, looking down at her.

smote - smote, frapper

"What did I come for, if I don't speak yours?"

"Oh, my friend"!" She laid her hand lightly on his arm, and he pleaded earnestly: "Ellen"why won't you tell me what's happened?"

lightly - légerement, légerement

earnestly - sincerement, sérieusement

She shrugged again. "Does anything ever happen in heaven?"

He was silent, and they walked on a few yards without exchanging a word. Finally she said: "I will tell you"but where, where, where? One can't be alone for a minute in that great seminary of a house, with all the doors wide open, and always a servant bringing tea, or a log for the fire, or the newspaper! Is there nowhere in an American house where one may be by one's self?

seminary - séminaire

You're so shy, and yet you're so public. I always feel as if I were in the convent again"or on the stage, before a dreadfully polite audience that never applauds."

convent - couvent

dreadfully - terriblement

applauds - applaudit, applaudir, ovationner, louer, approuver

"Ah, you don't like us!" Archer exclaimed.

They were walking past the house of the old Patroon, with its squat walls and small square windows compactly grouped about a central chimney. The shutters stood wide, and through one of the newly-washed windows Archer caught the light of a fire.

squat - squat, s'accroupir

compactly - compact

shutters - des volets, volet, contrevent, obturateur

"Why"the house is open!" he said.

She stood still. "No; only for today, at least. I wanted to see it, and Mr. van der Luyden had the fire lit and the windows opened, so that we might stop there on the way back from church this morning." She ran up the steps and tried the door. "It's still unlocked"what luck! Come in and we can have a quiet talk. Mrs.

van der Luyden has driven over to see her old aunts at Rhinebeck and we shan't be missed at the house for another hour."

He followed her into the narrow passage. His spirits, which had dropped at her last words, rose with an irrational leap. The homely little house stood there, its panels and brasses shining in the firelight, as if magically created to receive them. A big bed of embers still gleamed in the kitchen chimney, under an iron pot hung from an ancient crane.

irrational - irrationnel

panels - panneaux, panneau, table ronde, case, vignette, , g

brasses - les cuivres, (de) laiton

magically - par magie

Crane - la grue, grue

Rush-bottomed arm-chairs faced each other across the tiled hearth, and rows of Delft plates stood on shelves against the walls. Archer stooped over and threw a log upon the embers.

tiled - carrelé, tuile, carreau

Delft - delft

stooped - vouté, se baisser

Madame Olenska, dropping her cloak, sat down in one of the chairs. Archer leaned against the chimney and looked at her.

"You're laughing now; but when you wrote me you were unhappy," he said.

"Yes." She paused. "But I can't feel unhappy when you're here."

"I sha'n't be here long," he rejoined, his lips stiffening with the effort to say just so much and no more.

stiffening - raidissement, (stiffen), raidir, endurcir, se raidir, s'endurcir

"No; I know. But I'm improvident: I live in the moment when I'm happy."

improvident - imprévoyante

The words stole through him like a temptation, and to close his senses to it he moved away from the hearth and stood gazing out at the black tree-boles against the snow. But it was as if she too had shifted her place, and he still saw her, between himself and the trees, drooping over the fire with her indolent smile. Archer's heart was beating insubordinately.

temptation - la tentation, tentation

boles - boles, tronc

insubordinately - avec insubordination

What if it were from him that she had been running away, and if she had waited to tell him so till they were here alone together in this secret room?

"Ellen, if I'm really a help to you"if you really wanted me to come"tell me what's wrong, tell me what it is you're running away from," he insisted.

He spoke without shifting his position, without even turning to look at her: if the thing was to happen, it was to happen in this way, with the whole width of the room between them, and his eyes still fixed on the outer snow.

width - largeur

For a long moment she was silent; and in that moment Archer imagined her, almost heard her, stealing up behind him to throw her light arms about his neck. While he waited, soul and body throbbing with the miracle to come, his eyes mechanically received the image of a heavily-coated man with his fur collar turned up who was advancing along the path to the house. The man was Julius Beaufort.

throbbing - des palpitations, (throb), battre, palpiter, vibrer, résonner

mechanically - mécaniquement

collar - col, collier

"Ah"!" Archer cried, bursting into a laugh.

Madame Olenska had sprung up and moved to his side, slipping her hand into his; but after a glance through the window her face paled and she shrank back.

slipping - glissement, glisser

"So that was it?" Archer said derisively.

derisively - par dérision

"I didn't know he was here," Madame Olenska murmured. Her hand still clung to Archer's; but he drew away from her, and walking out into the passage threw open the door of the house.

"Hallo, Beaufort"this way! Madame Olenska was expecting you," he said.

Hallo - bonjour, salut

During his journey back to New York the next morning, Archer relived with a fatiguing vividness his last moments at Skuytercliff.

relived - revécu, revivre

fatiguing - fatiguant, fatigue, épuisement, corvée, fatiguer

Beaufort, though clearly annoyed at finding him with Madame Olenska, had, as usual, carried off the situation high-handedly. His way of ignoring people whose presence inconvenienced him actually gave them, if they were sensitive to it, a feeling of invisibility, of nonexistence.

handedly - a mains nues

inconvenienced - genés, dérangement, désagrément

invisibility - l'invisibilité, invisibilité

nonexistence - la non-existence, non-existence

Archer, as the three strolled back through the park, was aware of this odd sense of disembodiment; and humbling as it was to his vanity it gave him the ghostly advantage of observing unobserved.

ghostly - fantomatique

observing - l'observation, observer, remarquer, respecter, garder

unobserved - non observée

Beaufort had entered the little house with his usual easy assurance; but he could not smile away the vertical line between his eyes.

vertical - verticale, vertical

It was fairly clear that Madame Olenska had not known that he was coming, though her words to Archer had hinted at the possibility; at any rate, she had evidently not told him where she was going when she left New York, and her unexplained departure had exasperated him.

unexplained - inexpliquée

The ostensible reason of his appearance was the discovery, the very night before, of a "perfect little house," not in the market, which was really just the thing for her, but would be snapped up instantly if she didn't take it; and he was loud in mock-reproaches for the dance she had led him in running away just as he had found it.

ostensible - ostensible

Mock - se moquer, imitation, succédané, moquerie, examen blanc

reproaches - des reproches, reproche, opprobre, reprocher

"If only this new dodge for talking along a wire had been a little bit nearer perfection I might have told you all this from town, and been toasting my toes before the club fire at this minute, instead of tramping after you through the snow," he grumbled, disguising a real irritation under the pretence of it; and at this opening Madame Olenska twisted the talk away to the fantastic possibility that they might one day actually converse with each other from street to street, or even"incredible dream!"from one town to another. This struck from all three allusions to Edgar Poe and Jules Verne, and such platitudes as naturally rise to the lips of the most intelligent when they are talking against time, and dealing with a new invention in which it would seem ingenuous to believe too soon; and the question of the telephone carried them safely back to the big house.

Dodge - dodge, éviter, contourner, esquiver, éluder

wire - fil de fer, fil

this minute - a cette minute

tramping - le tramping, (tramp), clochard, va-nuieds, traînée, garce

disguising - déguisement, déguisant, (disguise), déguiser

irritation - l'irritation, irritation

pretence - prétention

twisted - tordu, twist, torsion, entortiller, tordre

talk away - parler

allusions - des allusions, allusion

Edgar - edgar

platitudes - des platitudes, platitude

most intelligent - le plus intelligent

safely - prudemment, en toute sécurité

Mrs. van der Luyden had not yet returned; and Archer took his leave and walked off to fetch the cutter, while Beaufort followed the Countess Olenska indoors.

fetch - chercher, apporter, aveignez, amener, aveignent, apportons

It was probable that, little as the van der Luydens encouraged unannounced visits, he could count on being asked to dine, and sent back to the station to catch the nine o'clock train; but more than that he would certainly not get, for it would be inconceivable to his hosts that a gentleman travelling without luggage should wish to spend the night, and distasteful to them to propose it to a person with whom they were on terms of such limited cordiality as Beaufort.

probable - probable

unannounced - a l'improviste

luggage - bagages, bagage

Beaufort knew all this, and must have foreseen it; and his taking the long journey for so small a reward gave the measure of his impatience. He was undeniably in pursuit of the Countess Olenska; and Beaufort had only one object in view in his pursuit of pretty women.

Reward - récompense, récompenser

His dull and childless home had long since palled on him; and in addition to more permanent consolations he was always in quest of amorous adventures in his own set.

childless - sans enfant, sans enfants

palled - palliée, copain/-ine

more permanent - plus permanente

amorous - amoureuse

This was the man from whom Madame Olenska was avowedly flying: the question was whether she had fled because his importunities displeased her, or because she did not wholly trust herself to resist them; unless, indeed, all her talk of flight had been a blind, and her departure no more than a manoeuvre.

avowedly - avouée

resist - résister

blind - aveugle, mal-voyant, mal-voyante, store, blind, aveugler

manoeuvre - manouvre, manoeuvrer

Archer did not really believe this. Little as he had actually seen of Madame Olenska, he was beginning to think that he could read her face, and if not her face, her voice; and both had betrayed annoyance, and even dismay, at Beaufort's sudden appearance. But, after all, if this were the case, was it not worse than if she had left New York for the express purpose of meeting him?

annoyance - l'agacement, ennui, nuisance, irritation, checkagacement

dismay - affliger, mortifier, avoir peur, désarroi, consternation

If she had done that, she ceased to be an object of interest, she threw in her lot with the vulgarest of dissemblers: a woman engaged in a love affair with Beaufort "classed" herself irretrievably.

threw in - jeté dedans

vulgarest - le plus vulgaire, vulgaire, obscene

irretrievably - irrémédiablement

No, it was worse a thousand times if, judging Beaufort, and probably despising him, she was yet drawn to him by all that gave him an advantage over the other men about her: his habit of two continents and two societies, his familiar association with artists and actors and people generally in the world's eye, and his careless contempt for local prejudices.

despising - mépriser, dédaigner

contempt - le mépris, mépris, outrage

Beaufort was vulgar, he was uneducated, he was purse-proud; but the circumstances of his life, and a certain native shrewdness, made him better worth talking to than many men, morally and socially his betters, whose horizon was bounded by the Battery and the Central Park. How should any one coming from a wider world not feel the difference and be attracted by it?

uneducated - sans éducation

purse - sac a main, bourse, portemonnaie, portefeuille, sac a main

shrewdness - l'astuce

socially - socialement

horizon - horizon

Madame Olenska, in a burst of irritation, had said to Archer that he and she did not talk the same language; and the young man knew that in some respects this was true. But Beaufort understood every turn of her dialect, and spoke it fluently: his view of life, his tone, his attitude, were merely a coarser reflection of those revealed in Count Olenski's letter.

dialect - dialecte, patois

fluently - couramment

coarser - plus grossier, grossier, brut, vulgaire

reflection - réflexion, reflet, eaning 4

This might seem to be to his disadvantage with Count Olenski's wife; but Archer was too intelligent to think that a young woman like Ellen Olenska would necessarily recoil from everything that reminded her of her past. She might believe herself wholly in revolt against it; but what had charmed her in it would still charm her, even though it were against her will.

revolt - révolter, révolte

charmed - charmé, charme

Thus, with a painful impartiality, did the young man make out the case for Beaufort, and for Beaufort's victim. A longing to enlighten her was strong in him; and there were moments when he imagined that all she asked was to be enlightened.

impartiality - l'impartialité, impartialité

enlightened - éclairé, éclairer, informer

That evening he unpacked his books from London. The box was full of things he had been waiting for impatiently; a new volume of Herbert Spencer, another collection of the prolific Alphonse Daudet's brilliant tales, and a novel called "Middlemarch," as to which there had lately been interesting things said in the reviews.

unpacked - déballé, déballer

prolific - prolifique

tales - contes, conte, récit

He had declined three dinner invitations in favour of this feast; but though he turned the pages with the sensuous joy of the book-lover, he did not know what he was reading, and one book after another dropped from his hand. Suddenly, among them, he lit on a small volume of verse which he had ordered because the name had attracted him: "The House of Life.

feast - la fete, délibéré

verse - vers, strophe

" He took it up, and found himself plunged in an atmosphere unlike any he had ever breathed in books; so warm, so rich, and yet so ineffably tender, that it gave a new and haunting beauty to the most elementary of human passions.

ineffably - ineffablement

All through the night he pursued through those enchanted pages the vision of a woman who had the face of Ellen Olenska; but when he woke the next morning, and looked out at the brownstone houses across the street, and thought of his desk in Mr.

pursued - poursuivie, poursuivre, rechercher

Letterblair's office, and the family pew in Grace Church, his hour in the park of Skuytercliff became as far outside the pale of probability as the visions of the night.

pew - pew, banc (d'église)

probability - probabilité

visions - visions, vision, vue, aspiration, apparition

"Mercy, how pale you look, Newland!" Janey commented over the coffee-cups at breakfast; and his mother added: "Newland, dear, I've noticed lately that you've been coughing; I do hope you're not letting yourself be overworked?

coughing - toux, toussant, (cough), tousser

overworked - surchargés de travail, surmenage

" For it was the conviction of both ladies that, under the iron despotism of his senior partners, the young man's life was spent in the most exhausting professional labours"and he had never thought it necessary to undeceive them.

despotism - le despotisme, despotisme

exhausting - épuisant, épuiser, échappement

labours - travaux, effort, travail, labeur, besogne, travailleurs-p

undeceive - tromper

The next two or three days dragged by heavily. The taste of the usual was like cinders in his mouth, and there were moments when he felt as if he were being buried alive under his future. He heard nothing of the Countess Olenska, or of the perfect little house, and though he met Beaufort at the club they merely nodded at each other across the whist-tables.

cinders - des cendres, cendre

whist - whist

It was not till the fourth evening that he found a note awaiting him on his return home. "Come late tomorrow: I must explain to you. Ellen." These were the only words it contained.

not till - pas avant

The young man, who was dining out, thrust the note into his pocket, smiling a little at the Frenchness of the "to you." After dinner he went to a play; and it was not until his return home, after midnight, that he drew Madame Olenska's missive out again and re-read it slowly a number of times.

Frenchness - frenchness, francité

missive - missive

There were several ways of answering it, and he gave considerable thought to each one during the watches of an agitated night. That on which, when morning came, he finally decided was to pitch some clothes into a portmanteau and jump on board a boat that was leaving that very afternoon for St. Augustine.

pitch - de l'emplacement, dresser

portmanteau - portmanteau


When Archer walked down the sandy main street of St. Augustine to the house which had been pointed out to him as Mr. Welland's, and saw May Welland standing under a magnolia with the sun in her hair, he wondered why he had waited so long to come.

magnolia - magnolia

Here was the truth, here was reality, here was the life that belonged to him; and he, who fancied himself so scornful of arbitrary restraints, had been afraid to break away from his desk because of what people might think of his stealing a holiday!

scornful - méprisante, méprisant}, dédaigneux

restraints - des contraintes, contention, frein, retenue

break away - se détacher

Her first exclamation was: "Newland"has anything happened?" and it occurred to him that it would have been more "feminine" if she had instantly read in his eyes why he had come. But when he answered: "Yes"I found I had to see you," her happy blushes took the chill from her surprise, and he saw how easily he would be forgiven, and how soon even Mr.

feminine - féminine, féminin, féminin (2)

blushes - des fards a joues, rougeur

forgiven - pardonné, pardonner

Letterblair's mild disapproval would be smiled away by a tolerant family.

Early as it was, the main street was no place for any but formal greetings, and Archer longed to be alone with May, and to pour out all his tenderness and his impatience. It still lacked an hour to the late Welland breakfast-time, and instead of asking him to come in she proposed that they should walk out to an old orange-garden beyond the town.

pour out - verser

She had just been for a row on the river, and the sun that netted the little waves with gold seemed to have caught her in its meshes. Across the warm brown of her cheek her blown hair glittered like silver wire; and her eyes too looked lighter, almost pale in their youthful limpidity.

Row - rangée, tintamarre, canoter, ramer

meshes - mailles, maillage, maille, engrenage, concorder

glittered - pailleté, étincellement, paillette, briller

youthful - juvénile, jeune

limpidity - limpidité

As she walked beside Archer with her long swinging gait her face wore the vacant serenity of a young marble athlete.

swinging - l'échangisme, pivotant, (swing), osciller, se balancer

gait - démarche

vacant - vacant, vide, niais

serenity - la sérénité, sérénité

To Archer's strained nerves the vision was as soothing as the sight of the blue sky and the lazy river. They sat down on a bench under the orange-trees and he put his arm about her and kissed her. It was like drinking at a cold spring with the sun on it; but his pressure may have been more vehement than he had intended, for the blood rose to her face and she drew back as if he had startled her.

strained - tendu, tendre fortement

nerves - des nerfs, nerf, nervure, toupet, culot, cran

soothing - apaisant, pacifiant, rassurant, (sooth)

"What is it?" he asked, smiling; and she looked at him with surprise, and answered: "Nothing."

A slight embarrassment fell on them, and her hand slipped out of his. It was the only time that he had kissed her on the lips except for their fugitive embrace in the Beaufort conservatory, and he saw that she was disturbed, and shaken out of her cool boyish composure.

Embrace - étreindre, embrasser, accolade, embrassement, embrassade

shaken out - secoué

boyish - garçon

"Tell me what you do all day," he said, crossing his arms under his tilted-back head, and pushing his hat forward to screen the sun-dazzle.

tilted - incliné, pencher

dazzle - éblouir

To let her talk about familiar and simple things was the easiest way of carrying on his own independent train of thought; and he sat listening to her simple chronicle of swimming, sailing and riding, varied by an occasional dance at the primitive inn when a man-of-war came in.

chronicle - chronique

varied - varié, varier

Inn - l'auberge, auberge

A few pleasant people from Philadelphia and Baltimore were picknicking at the inn, and the Selfridge Merrys had come down for three weeks because Kate Merry had had bronchitis. They were planning to lay out a lawn tennis court on the sands; but no one but Kate and May had racquets, and most of the people had not even heard of the game.

picknicking - pique-nique

merry - joyeux, gai, heureuse, jovial

bronchitis - bronchite

lawn tennis - le tennis sur gazon

tennis court - un court de tennis

racquets - raquettes, raquette

All this kept her very busy, and she had not had time to do more than look at the little vellum book that Archer had sent her the week before (the "Sonnets from the Portuguese"); but she was learning by heart "How they brought the Good News from Ghent to Aix," because it was one of the first things he had ever read to her; and it amused her to be able to tell him that Kate Merry had never even heard of a poet called Robert Browning.

vellum - vélin

sonnets - sonnets, sonnet

Portuguese - portugais, portugaise

Aix - Aix

Robert - robert

Presently she started up, exclaiming that they would be late for breakfast; and they hurried back to the tumble-down house with its pointless porch and unpruned hedge of plumbago and pink geraniums where the Wellands were installed for the winter. Mr.

exclaiming - s'exclamer, exclamer

tumble - culbute, dégringoler, culbuter

pointless - obtus, inutile, vain

porch - porche, véranda, portique

unpruned - non taillé

hedge - couverture, haie

plumbago - dentelaire, plumbago, plombagine, mine de plomb, graphite

geraniums - géraniums, géranium, pélargonium

Welland's sensitive domesticity shrank from the discomforts of the slovenly southern hotel, and at immense expense, and in face of almost insuperable difficulties, Mrs. Welland was obliged, year after year, to improvise an establishment partly made up of discontented New York servants and partly drawn from the local African supply.

discomforts - des malaises, inconfort

slovenly - négligé, dépeigné, sale, bâclé

insuperable - insurmontable

improvise - improviser

partly - en partie

discontented - mécontents, mécontentement, frrotestation

"The doctors want my husband to feel that he is in his own home; otherwise he would be so wretched that the climate would not do him any good," she explained, winter after winter, to the sympathising Philadelphians and Baltimoreans; and Mr.

Welland, beaming across a breakfast table miraculously supplied with the most varied delicacies, was presently saying to Archer: "You see, my dear fellow, we camp"we literally camp. I tell my wife and May that I want to teach them how to rough it."

beaming - la téléportation, (beam), madrier, poutre, merrain, perche

miraculously - miraculeusement

literally - littéralement

Mr. and Mrs. Welland had been as much surprised as their daughter by the young man's sudden arrival; but it had occurred to him to explain that he had felt himself on the verge of a nasty cold, and this seemed to Mr. Welland an all-sufficient reason for abandoning any duty.

verge - verge, bord

Abandoning - abandon, abandonner

"You can't be too careful, especially toward spring," he said, heaping his plate with straw-coloured griddle-cakes and drowning them in golden syrup. "If I'd only been as prudent at your age May would have been dancing at the Assemblies now, instead of spending her winters in a wilderness with an old invalid."

heaping - en tas, tas, pile, monceau

straw - paille, fétu, jaune paille

griddle - la plaque de cuisson

drowning - la noyade, noyade, (drown), noyer, checksubmerger

syrup - sirop

assemblies - assemblées, groupe, bloc, assemblage, assemblée, rassemblement

"Oh, but I love it here, Papa; you know I do. If only Newland could stay I should like it a thousand times better than New York."

papa - papa

"Newland must stay till he has quite thrown off his cold," said Mrs. Welland indulgently; and the young man laughed, and said he supposed there was such a thing as one's profession.

He managed, however, after an exchange of telegrams with the firm, to make his cold last a week; and it shed an ironic light on the situation to know that Mr. Letterblair's indulgence was partly due to the satisfactory way in which his brilliant young junior partner had settled the troublesome matter of the Olenski divorce. Mr. Letterblair had let Mrs. Welland know that Mr.

Telegrams - télégrammes, télégramme, dépeche

ironic - ironique

satisfactory - satisfaisante, satisfaisant

Archer had "rendered an invaluable service" to the whole family, and that old Mrs. Manson Mingott had been particularly pleased; and one day when May had gone for a drive with her father in the only vehicle the place produced Mrs. Welland took occasion to touch on a topic which she always avoided in her daughter's presence.

rendered - rendu, rendre

invaluable - inestimable

"I'm afraid Ellen's ideas are not at all like ours. She was barely eighteen when Medora Manson took her back to Europe"you remember the excitement when she appeared in black at her coming-out ball? Another of Medora's fads"really this time it was almost prophetic! That must have been at least twelve years ago; and since then Ellen has never been to America.

I'm afraid - J'ai peur

barely - a peine, a peine

fads - des modes, mode, lubie

No wonder she is completely Europeanised."

"But European society is not given to divorce: Countess Olenska thought she would be conforming to American ideas in asking for her freedom." It was the first time that the young man had pronounced her name since he had left Skuytercliff, and he felt the colour rise to his cheek.

conforming - conforme, s'aligner, se conformer (a)

Mrs. Welland smiled compassionately. "That is just like the extraordinary things that foreigners invent about us. They think we dine at two o'clock and countenance divorce! That is why it seems to me so foolish to entertain them when they come to New York. They accept our hospitality, and then they go home and repeat the same stupid stories."

hospitality - l'hospitalité, hospitalité, hôtellerie-restauration

Archer made no comment on this, and Mrs. Welland continued: "But we do most thoroughly appreciate your persuading Ellen to give up the idea. Her grandmother and her uncle Lovell could do nothing with her; both of them have written that her changing her mind was entirely due to your influence"in fact she said so to her grandmother. She has an unbounded admiration for you.

unbounded - sans limites

Poor Ellen"she was always a wayward child. I wonder what her fate will be?"

"What we've all contrived to make it," he felt like answering. "If you'd all of you rather she should be Beaufort's mistress than some decent fellow's wife you've certainly gone the right way about it."

contrived - artificiel, combiner, inventer

He wondered what Mrs. Welland would have said if he had uttered the words instead of merely thinking them. He could picture the sudden decomposure of her firm placid features, to which a lifelong mastery over trifles had given an air of factitious authority.

decomposure - décomposition

lifelong - a vie

mastery - maîtrise

trifles - des broutilles, bagatelle, broutille, babiole, bricole

Traces still lingered on them of a fresh beauty like her daughter's; and he asked himself if May's face was doomed to thicken into the same middle-aged image of invincible innocence.

thicken - épaissir, lier, s'épaissir, se densifier

Ah, no, he did not want May to have that kind of innocence, the innocence that seals the mind against imagination and the heart against experience!

Seals - sceaux, sceau

"I verily believe," Mrs. Welland continued, "that if the horrible business had come out in the newspapers it would have been my husband's death-blow. I don't know any of the details; I only ask not to, as I told poor Ellen when she tried to talk to me about it. Having an invalid to care for, I have to keep my mind bright and happy. But Mr.

verily - en vérité, vraiment, véritablement, sans aucun doute

Welland was terribly upset; he had a slight temperature every morning while we were waiting to hear what had been decided. It was the horror of his girl's learning that such things were possible"but of course, dear Newland, you felt that too. We all knew that you were thinking of May."

Terribly - terriblement

"I'm always thinking of May," the young man rejoined, rising to cut short the conversation.

He had meant to seize the opportunity of his private talk with Mrs. Welland to urge her to advance the date of his marriage. But he could think of no arguments that would move her, and with a sense of relief he saw Mr. Welland and May driving up to the door.

seize - saisir, emparer

urge - envie, pulsion, pousser, inciter, provoquer, insister

His only hope was to plead again with May, and on the day before his departure he walked with her to the ruinous garden of the Spanish Mission. The background lent itself to allusions to European scenes; and May, who was looking her loveliest under a wide-brimmed hat that cast a shadow of mystery over her too-clear eyes, kindled into eagerness as he spoke of Granada and the Alhambra.

plead - plaider

ruinous - ruineux

mission - mission

brimmed - a rebord, bord

kindled - enflammé, allumer, enflammer

Granada - grenade

"We might be seeing it all this spring"even the Easter ceremonies at Seville," he urged, exaggerating his demands in the hope of a larger concession.

Seville - séville

urged - pressé, pulsion, pousser, inciter, provoquer, insister

exaggerating - exagérer, outrer

demands - demandes, demande, exigence, exiger

concession - concession

"Easter in Seville? And it will be Lent next week!" she laughed.

"Why shouldn't we be married in Lent?" he rejoined; but she looked so shocked that he saw his mistake.

"Of course I didn't mean that, dearest; but soon after Easter"so that we could sail at the end of April. I know I could arrange it at the office."

She smiled dreamily upon the possibility; but he perceived that to dream of it sufficed her. It was like hearing him read aloud out of his poetry books the beautiful things that could not possibly happen in real life.

dreamily - reveusement

sufficed - suffisent, suffire, suffire 2, fr

aloud - a haute voix, a voix haute, a haute voix, fort

"Oh, do go on, Newland; I do love your descriptions."

"But why should they be only descriptions? Why shouldn't we make them real?"

"We shall, dearest, of course; next year." Her voice lingered over it.

"Don't you want them to be real sooner? Can't I persuade you to break away now?"

She bowed her head, vanishing from him under her conniving hat-brim.

vanishing - en voie de disparition, (vanish), disparaître, s'évanouir

conniving - de connivence, conspirer, intriguer, feindre l'ignorance

brim - bord

"Why should we dream away another year? Look at me, dear! Don't you understand how I want you for my wife?"

dream away - Rever

For a moment she remained motionless; then she raised on him eyes of such despairing dearness that he half-released her waist from his hold. But suddenly her look changed and deepened inscrutably. "I'm not sure if I DO understand," she said. "Is it"is it because you're not certain of continuing to care for me?"

motionless - immobile

despairing - désespéré, désespérer, désespoir

dearness - la cherté, cherté

deepened - approfondi, approfondir, intensifier

inscrutably - de maniere impénétrable

Archer sprang up from his seat. "My God"perhaps"I don't know," he broke out angrily.

sprang up - a surgi

May Welland rose also; as they faced each other she seemed to grow in womanly stature and dignity. Both were silent for a moment, as if dismayed by the unforeseen trend of their words: then she said in a low voice: "If that is it"is there some one else?"

womanly - féminine, féminin

dismayed - consterné, affliger, mortifier, avoir peur, désarroi

unforeseen - imprévu

"Some one else"between you and me?" He echoed her words slowly, as though they were only half-intelligible and he wanted time to repeat the question to himself. She seemed to catch the uncertainty of his voice, for she went on in a deepening tone: "Let us talk frankly, Newland. Sometimes I've felt a difference in you; especially since our engagement has been announced."

intelligible - intelligible

uncertainty - l'incertitude, incertitude

deepening - l'approfondissement, approfondir, intensifier

frankly - franchement

"Dear"what madness!" he recovered himself to exclaim.

madness - la folie, folie

She met his protest with a faint smile. "If it is, it won't hurt us to talk about it." She paused, and added, lifting her head with one of her noble movements: "Or even if it's true: why shouldn't we speak of it? You might so easily have made a mistake."

noble - noble, aristocrate, aristocratique

He lowered his head, staring at the black leaf-pattern on the sunny path at their feet. "Mistakes are always easy to make; but if I had made one of the kind you suggest, is it likely that I should be imploring you to hasten our marriage?"

sunny - ensoleillé

She looked downward too, disturbing the pattern with the point of her sunshade while she struggled for expression. "Yes," she said at length. "You might want"once for all"to settle the question: it's one way."

disturbing - dérangeant, déranger, perturber, gener

sunshade - ombrelle, parasol

struggled - en difficulté, lutte, lutter, s'efforcer, combattre

Her quiet lucidity startled him, but did not mislead him into thinking her insensible. Under her hat-brim he saw the pallor of her profile, and a slight tremor of the nostril above her resolutely steadied lips.

lucidity - lucidité

mislead - égarer, mésinformer, induire en erreur

insensible - insensible

pallor - pâleur

tremor - tremblement, trépidation, trémulation, tremblement de terre

nostril - narine

resolutely - résolument

steadied - stabilisé, lisse, régulier

"Well"?" he questioned, sitting down on the bench, and looking up at her with a frown that he tried to make playful.

She dropped back into her seat and went on: "You mustn't think that a girl knows as little as her parents imagine. One hears and one notices"one has one's feelings and ideas. And of course, long before you told me that you cared for me, I'd known that there was some one else you were interested in; every one was talking about it two years ago at Newport.

mustn - ne doit pas

Newport - newport, Port-Neuf, Portneuf, Porte-Neuve, Porteneuve

And once I saw you sitting together on the verandah at a dance"and when she came back into the house her face was sad, and I felt sorry for her; I remembered it afterward, when we were engaged."

verandah - véranda

Her voice had sunk almost to a whisper, and she sat clasping and unclasping her hands about the handle of her sunshade. The young man laid his upon them with a gentle pressure; his heart dilated with an inexpressible relief.

unclasping - déverrouillage, dégrafer

handle - poignée, crosse, manions, traiter, manient, maniez

inexpressible - inexprimable

"My dear child"was THAT it? If you only knew the truth!"

She raised her head quickly. "Then there is a truth I don't know?"

He kept his hand over hers. "I meant, the truth about the old story you speak of."

"But that's what I want to know, Newland"what I ought to know. I couldn't have my happiness made out of a wrong"an unfairness"to somebody else. And I want to believe that it would be the same with you. What sort of a life could we build on such foundations?"

unfairness - l'injustice, injustice, inéquité, checkinjustice

foundations - des fondations, fondation, fondement

Her face had taken on a look of such tragic courage that he felt like bowing himself down at her feet. "I've wanted to say this for a long time," she went on. "I've wanted to tell you that, when two people really love each other, I understand that there may be situations which make it right that they should"should go against public opinion. And if you feel yourself in any way pledged ...

courage - bravoure, courage, cour, vaillance

bowing - s'incliner, (bow) s'incliner

pledged to the person we've spoken of ... and if there is any way ... any way in which you can fulfill your pledge ... even by her getting a divorce ... Newland, don't give her up because of me!"

fulfill - remplir, combler, satisfaire

His surprise at discovering that her fears had fastened upon an episode so remote and so completely of the past as his love-affair with Mrs. Thorley Rushworth gave way to wonder at the generosity of her view.

generosity - la générosité, générosité, bonté

There was something superhuman in an attitude so recklessly unorthodox, and if other problems had not pressed on him he would have been lost in wonder at the prodigy of the Wellands'daughter urging him to marry his former mistress. But he was still dizzy with the glimpse of the precipice they had skirted, and full of a new awe at the mystery of young-girlhood.

prodigy - présage, augure, auspices, prodige, prodigie

urging - l'exhortation, exhortant, (urge), pulsion, pousser, inciter

precipice - le précipice, précipice

girlhood - l'enfance

For a moment he could not speak; then he said: "There is no pledge"no obligation whatever"of the kind you think. Such cases don't always"present themselves quite as simply as ... But that's no matter ... I love your generosity, because I feel as you do about those things ... I feel that each case must be judged individually, on its own merits ... irrespective of stupid conventionalities ...

obligation - obligation, engagement, checkobligation

individually - individuellement

merits - mérites, mérite, mériter

irrespective - indépendamment

I mean, each woman's right to her liberty"" He pulled himself up, startled by the turn his thoughts had taken, and went on, looking at her with a smile: "Since you understand so many things, dearest, can't you go a little farther, and understand the uselessness of our submitting to another form of the same foolish conventionalities?

submitting - se soumettre, soumettant, (submit), soumettre, présenter

If there's no one and nothing between us, isn't that an argument for marrying quickly, rather than for more delay?"

She flushed with joy and lifted her face to his; as he bent to it he saw that her eyes were full of happy tears. But in another moment she seemed to have descended from her womanly eminence to helpless and timorous girlhood; and he understood that her courage and initiative were all for others, and that she had none for herself.

flushed - rincé, rougeur

timorous - timorée

initiative - initiative

It was evident that the effort of speaking had been much greater than her studied composure betrayed, and that at his first word of reassurance she had dropped back into the usual, as a too-adventurous child takes refuge in its mother's arms.

reassurance - contre assurance

adventurous - aventureux

refuge - refuge

Archer had no heart to go on pleading with her; he was too much disappointed at the vanishing of the new being who had cast that one deep look at him from her transparent eyes. May seemed to be aware of his disappointment, but without knowing how to alleviate it; and they stood up and walked silently home.

alleviate - atténuer, adoucir, calmer, soulager


"Your cousin the Countess called on mother while you were away," Janey Archer announced to her brother on the evening of his return.

The young man, who was dining alone with his mother and sister, glanced up in surprise and saw Mrs. Archer's gaze demurely bent on her plate. Mrs. Archer did not regard her seclusion from the world as a reason for being forgotten by it; and Newland guessed that she was slightly annoyed that he should be surprised by Madame Olenska's visit.

demurely - avec pudeur

"She had on a black velvet polonaise with jet buttons, and a tiny green monkey muff; I never saw her so stylishly dressed," Janey continued. "She came alone, early on Sunday afternoon; luckily the fire was lit in the drawing-room. She had one of those new card-cases. She said she wanted to know us because you'd been so good to her."

polonaise - polonaise

jet - jet, avion a réaction, jais

stylishly - avec style

Newland laughed. "Madame Olenska always takes that tone about her friends. She's very happy at being among her own people again."

"Yes, so she told us," said Mrs. Archer. "I must say she seems thankful to be here."

"I hope you liked her, mother."

Mrs. Archer drew her lips together. "She certainly lays herself out to please, even when she is calling on an old lady."

"Mother doesn't think her simple," Janey interjected, her eyes screwed upon her brother's face.

screwed - vissé, vis, hélice, visser, baiser, coucher avec

"It's just my old-fashioned feeling; dear May is my ideal," said Mrs. Archer.

"Ah," said her son, "they're not alike."

Archer had left St. Augustine charged with many messages for old Mrs. Mingott; and a day or two after his return to town he called on her.

The old lady received him with unusual warmth; she was grateful to him for persuading the Countess Olenska to give up the idea of a divorce; and when he told her that he had deserted the office without leave, and rushed down to St. Augustine simply because he wanted to see May, she gave an adipose chuckle and patted his knee with her puff-ball hand.

adipose - adipeux, check-euse

chuckle - glousser

patted - tapoté, petite tape

puff - bouffée, souffle

"Ah, ah"so you kicked over the traces, did you? And I suppose Augusta and Welland pulled long faces, and behaved as if the end of the world had come? But little May"she knew better, I'll be bound?"

"I hoped she did; but after all she wouldn't agree to what I'd gone down to ask for."

"Wouldn't she indeed? And what was that?"

"I wanted to get her to promise that we should be married in April. What's the use of our wasting another year?"

Mrs. Manson Mingott screwed up her little mouth into a grimace of mimic prudery and twinkled at him through malicious lids. "'Ask Mamma,'I suppose"the usual story. Ah, these Mingotts"all alike! Born in a rut, and you can't root 'em out of it. When I built this house you'd have thought I was moving to California!

grimace - grimace, grimacer, faire des grimaces

twinkled - a scintillé, briller, cligner, virevolter

malicious - malveillante

rut - l'orniere, orniere

Nobody ever HAD built above Fortieth Street"no, says I, nor above the Battery either, before Christopher Columbus discovered America. No, no; not one of them wants to be different; they're as scared of it as the small-pox. Ah, my dear Mr. Archer, I thank my stars I'm nothing but a vulgar Spicer; but there's not one of my own children that takes after me but my little Ellen.

Christopher - christopher, Christophe

Columbus - columbus, Colomb, Christophe Colomb

pox - la vérole, vérole, variole, petite vérole

takes after - prend apres

" She broke off, still twinkling at him, and asked, with the casual irrelevance of old age: "Now, why in the world didn't you marry my little Ellen?"

twinkling - scintillant, (twinkle), briller, cligner, virevolter

casual - fortuit, accidentel, de hasard, occasionnel, désinvolte, sport

Archer laughed. "For one thing, she wasn't there to be married."

"No"to be sure; more's the pity. And now it's too late; her life is finished." She spoke with the cold-blooded complacency of the aged throwing earth into the grave of young hopes. The young man's heart grew chill, and he said hurriedly: "Can't I persuade you to use your influence with the Wellands, Mrs. Mingott? I wasn't made for long engagements."

cold-blooded - (cold-blooded) de sang froid

hurriedly - en toute hâte, a la hâte, a la sauvette, a la va-vite

Old Catherine beamed on him approvingly. "No; I can see that. You've got a quick eye. When you were a little boy I've no doubt you liked to be helped first." She threw back her head with a laugh that made her chins ripple like little waves. "Ah, here's my Ellen now!" she exclaimed, as the portieres parted behind her.

ripple - ondulation

Madame Olenska came forward with a smile. Her face looked vivid and happy, and she held out her hand gaily to Archer while she stooped to her grandmother's kiss.

"I was just saying to him, my dear: 'Now, why didn't you marry my little Ellen?'"

Madame Olenska looked at Archer, still smiling. "And what did he answer?"

"Oh, my darling, I leave you to find that out! He's been down to Florida to see his sweetheart."

sweetheart - chéri, amante, chérie, amour

"Yes, I know." She still looked at him. "I went to see your mother, to ask where you'd gone. I sent a note that you never answered, and I was afraid you were ill."

He muttered something about leaving unexpectedly, in a great hurry, and having intended to write to her from St. Augustine.

unexpectedly - de maniere inattendue, surprenamment

"And of course once you were there you never thought of me again!" She continued to beam on him with a gaiety that might have been a studied assumption of indifference.

assumption - hypothese, assomption, supposition, hypothese, proposition

"If she still needs me, she's determined not to let me see it," he thought, stung by her manner. He wanted to thank her for having been to see his mother, but under the ancestress's malicious eye he felt himself tongue-tied and constrained.

stung - piqué, piquant, dard

"Look at him"in such hot haste to get married that he took French leave and rushed down to implore the silly girl on his knees! That's something like a lover"that's the way handsome Bob Spicer carried off my poor mother; and then got tired of her before I was weaned"though they only had to wait eight months for me! But there"you're not a Spicer, young man; luckily for you and for May.

weaned - sevré, sevrer

It's only my poor Ellen that has kept any of their wicked blood; the rest of them are all model Mingotts," cried the old lady scornfully.

Archer was aware that Madame Olenska, who had seated herself at her grandmother's side, was still thoughtfully scrutinising him. The gaiety had faded from her eyes, and she said with great gentleness: "Surely, Granny, we can persuade them between us to do as he wishes."

Archer rose to go, and as his hand met Madame Olenska's he felt that she was waiting for him to make some allusion to her unanswered letter.

unanswered - sans réponse

"When can I see you?" he asked, as she walked with him to the door of the room.

"Whenever you like; but it must be soon if you want to see the little house again. I am moving next week."

A pang shot through him at the memory of his lamplit hours in the low-studded drawing-room. Few as they had been, they were thick with memories.

pang - pang, douleur (soudaine)

lamplit - lamplit

"Tomorrow evening?"

She nodded. "Tomorrow; yes; but early. I'm going out."

The next day was a Sunday, and if she were "going out" on a Sunday evening it could, of course, be only to Mrs. Lemuel Struthers's.

He felt a slight movement of annoyance, not so much at her going there (for he rather liked her going where she pleased in spite of the van der Luydens), but because it was the kind of house at which she was sure to meet Beaufort, where she must have known beforehand that she would meet him"and where she was probably going for that purpose.

beforehand - a l'avance

"Very well; tomorrow evening," he repeated, inwardly resolved that he would not go early, and that by reaching her door late he would either prevent her from going to Mrs. Struthers's, or else arrive after she had started"which, all things considered, would no doubt be the simplest solution.

inwardly - intérieurement

It was only half-past eight, after all, when he rang the bell under the wisteria; not as late as he had intended by half an hour"but a singular restlessness had driven him to her door. He reflected, however, that Mrs. Struthers's Sunday evenings were not like a ball, and that her guests, as if to minimise their delinquency, usually went early.

singular - singulier

restlessness - l'agitation, agitation, impatience

minimise - minimiser

The one thing he had not counted on, in entering Madame Olenska's hall, was to find hats and overcoats there. Why had she bidden him to come early if she was having people to dine? On a closer inspection of the garments besides which Nastasia was laying his own, his resentment gave way to curiosity.

overcoats - les manteaux, pardessus, manteau

inspection - l'inspection, inspection, rench: t-needed r

garments - vetements, vetement

resentment - le ressentiment, ressentiment, agacement, rancune

The overcoats were in fact the very strangest he had ever seen under a polite roof; and it took but a glance to assure himself that neither of them belonged to Julius Beaufort. One was a shaggy yellow ulster of "reach-me-down" cut, the other a very old and rusty cloak with a cape"something like what the French called a "Macfarlane.

shaggy - hirsute

rusty - rubigineux

" This garment, which appeared to be made for a person of prodigious size, had evidently seen long and hard wear, and its greenish-black folds gave out a moist sawdusty smell suggestive of prolonged sessions against bar-room walls. On it lay a ragged grey scarf and an odd felt hat of semiclerical shape.

garment - de l'habillement, vetement

prodigious - prodigieux

moist - humide, moite

sawdusty - sciure de bois

Sessions - les sessions, séance, session

scarf - écharpe, cache nez, éventé, fichu, foulard

felt hat - chapeau en feutre

semiclerical - sémique

Archer raised his eyebrows enquiringly at Nastasia, who raised hers in return with a fatalistic "Gia!" as she threw open the drawing-room door.

enquiringly - avec curiosité

fatalistic - fataliste

The young man saw at once that his hostess was not in the room; then, with surprise, he discovered another lady standing by the fire. This lady, who was long, lean and loosely put together, was clad in raiment intricately looped and fringed, with plaids and stripes and bands of plain colour disposed in a design to which the clue seemed missing.

raiment - vetements

intricately - de maniere complexe

fringed - a franges, frange, périphérie, radicaux

stripes - des rayures, rayure, galon, rayer

Her hair, which had tried to turn white and only succeeded in fading, was surmounted by a Spanish comb and black lace scarf, and silk mittens, visibly darned, covered her rheumatic hands.

fading - s'estomper, déteignant, (fad), mode, lubie

surmounted - surmonté, surmonter

comb - peigne, peignent, peigner, peignons, peignez

mittens - des moufles, moufle, mitaine

visibly - visiblement

darned - darned, (darn) darned

rheumatic - rhumatismale, rhumatismal

Beside her, in a cloud of cigar-smoke, stood the owners of the two overcoats, both in morning clothes that they had evidently not taken off since morning.

In one of the two, Archer, to his surprise, recognised Ned Winsett; the other and older, who was unknown to him, and whose gigantic frame declared him to be the wearer of the "Macfarlane," had a feebly leonine head with crumpled grey hair, and moved his arms with large pawing gestures, as though he were distributing lay blessings to a kneeling multitude.

feebly - faiblement

leonine - léonine

crumpled - froissé, chiffonner, froisser, se froisser, s'effondrer

pawing - pattes, patte

gestures - gestes, geste, signe

distributing - distribuer, répartir

blessings - des bénédictions, bénédiction, grâce

kneeling - a genoux, (kneel)

multitude - multitude

These three persons stood together on the hearth-rug, their eyes fixed on an extraordinarily large bouquet of crimson roses, with a knot of purple pansies at their base, that lay on the sofa where Madame Olenska usually sat.

stood together - se tenir ensemble

rug - tapis, couverture

extraordinarily - extraordinairement

knot - noud, nodale

"What they must have cost at this season"though of course it's the sentiment one cares about!" the lady was saying in a sighing staccato as Archer came in.

sentiment - sentiment

sighing - soupirer

The three turned with surprise at his appearance, and the lady, advancing, held out her hand.

"Dear Mr. Archer"almost my cousin Newland!" she said. "I am the Marchioness Manson."

Archer bowed, and she continued: "My Ellen has taken me in for a few days. I came from Cuba, where I have been spending the winter with Spanish friends"such delightful distinguished people: the highest nobility of old Castile"how I wish you could know them! But I was called away by our dear great friend here, Dr. Carver. You don't know Dr. Agathon Carver, founder of the Valley of Love Community?"

distinguished - distingué, distinguer

nobility - la noblesse, noblesse

Castile - Castille

founder - fondateur

Dr. Carver inclined his leonine head, and the Marchioness continued: "Ah, New York"New York"how little the life of the spirit has reached it! But I see you do know Mr. Winsett."

"Oh, yes"I reached him some time ago; but not by that route," Winsett said with his dry smile.

The Marchioness shook her head reprovingly. "How do you know, Mr. Winsett? The spirit bloweth where it listeth."

reprovingly - de maniere réprobatrice

bloweth - souffle

listeth - liste

"List"oh, list!" interjected Dr. Carver in a stentorian murmur.

"But do sit down, Mr. Archer. We four have been having a delightful little dinner together, and my child has gone up to dress. She expects you; she will be down in a moment. We were just admiring these marvellous flowers, which will surprise her when she reappears."

marvellous - merveilleux

reappears - réapparaît, réapparaître

Winsett remained on his feet. "I'm afraid I must be off. Please tell Madame Olenska that we shall all feel lost when she abandons our street. This house has been an oasis."

abandons - abandonne, abandonner

oasis - oasis

"Ah, but she won't abandon YOU. Poetry and art are the breath of life to her. It IS poetry you write, Mr. Winsett?"

she won't - elle ne le fera pas

"Well, no; but I sometimes read it," said Winsett, including the group in a general nod and slipping out of the room.

nod - hochement de tete, dodeliner, hocher, hochement

"A caustic spirit"un peu sauvage. But so witty; Dr. Carver, you DO think him witty?"

un - un, ONU

"I never think of wit," said Dr. Carver severely.

"Ah"ah"you never think of wit! How merciless he is to us weak mortals, Mr. Archer! But he lives only in the life of the spirit; and tonight he is mentally preparing the lecture he is to deliver presently at Mrs. Blenker's. Dr. Carver, would there be time, before you start for the Blenkers'to explain to Mr. Archer your illuminating discovery of the Direct Contact?

merciless - sans pitié

mortals - mortels, mortel, mortelle

But no; I see it is nearly nine o'clock, and we have no right to detain you while so many are waiting for your message."

detain - détenir, arreter

Dr. Carver looked slightly disappointed at this conclusion, but, having compared his ponderous gold time-piece with Madame Olenska's little travelling-clock, he reluctantly gathered up his mighty limbs for departure.

ponderous - lourd, pesant, maladroit, béotien, grossier

limbs - membres, membre

"I shall see you later, dear friend?" he suggested to the Marchioness, who replied with a smile: "As soon as Ellen's carriage comes I will join you; I do hope the lecture won't have begun."

Dr. Carver looked thoughtfully at Archer. "Perhaps, if this young gentleman is interested in my experiences, Mrs. Blenker might allow you to bring him with you?"

"Oh, dear friend, if it were possible"I am sure she would be too happy. But I fear my Ellen counts on Mr. Archer herself."

"That," said Dr. Carver, "is unfortunate"but here is my card." He handed it to Archer, who read on it, in Gothic characters:

unfortunate - malheureux, infortuné, malencontreux


| Agathon Carver |

| The Valley of Love |

| Kittasquattamy, N. Y. |


Dr. Carver bowed himself out, and Mrs. Manson, with a sigh that might have been either of regret or relief, again waved Archer to a seat.

regret - regretter, regret

"Ellen will be down in a moment; and before she comes, I am so glad of this quiet moment with you."

Archer murmured his pleasure at their meeting, and the Marchioness continued, in her low sighing accents: "I know everything, dear Mr. Archer"my child has told me all you have done for her. Your wise advice: your courageous firmness"thank heaven it was not too late!"

accents - des accents, accent

firmness - la fermeté, fermeté

The young man listened with considerable embarrassment. Was there any one, he wondered, to whom Madame Olenska had not proclaimed his intervention in her private affairs?

proclaimed - proclamé, proclamer, déclarer

intervention - l'intervention, intervention

"Madame Olenska exaggerates; I simply gave her a legal opinion, as she asked me to."

exaggerates - exagere, exagérer, outrer

"Ah, but in doing it"in doing it you were the unconscious instrument of"of"what word have we moderns for Providence, Mr. Archer?" cried the lady, tilting her head on one side and drooping her lids mysteriously. "Little did you know that at that very moment I was being appealed to: being approached, in fact"from the other side of the Atlantic!"

Providence - la providence, Providence

tilting - basculement, (tilt) basculement

She glanced over her shoulder, as though fearful of being overheard, and then, drawing her chair nearer, and raising a tiny ivory fan to her lips, breathed behind it: "By the Count himself"my poor, mad, foolish Olenski; who asks only to take her back on her own terms."

fearful - effrayant, redoutable, peureux, craintif, terrible, affreux

"Good God!" Archer exclaimed, springing up.

"You are horrified? Yes, of course; I understand. I don't defend poor Stanislas, though he has always called me his best friend. He does not defend himself"he casts himself at her feet: in my person." She tapped her emaciated bosom. "I have his letter here."

casts - les plâtres, jeter, diriger, lancer, additionner, sommer

tapped - taraudé, petit coup

emaciated - émacié, amaigrir, émacier, s'émacier, s'amaigrir

"A letter?"Has Madame Olenska seen it?" Archer stammered, his brain whirling with the shock of the announcement.

stammered - balbutié, balbutier, bégayer, bégaiement

whirling - tourbillonnant, (whirl), tourbillonner

The Marchioness Manson shook her head softly. "Time"time; I must have time. I know my Ellen"haughty, intractable; shall I say, just a shade unforgiving?"

intractable - ingouvernable, insoluble, intraitable, buté

unforgiving - impitoyable

"But, Good heavens, to forgive is one thing; to go back into that hell""

Good heavens - Grands dieux

hell - l'enfer, enfer

"Ah, yes," the Marchioness acquiesced. "So she describes it"my sensitive child! But on the material side, Mr. Archer, if one may stoop to consider such things; do you know what she is giving up? Those roses there on the sofa"acres like them, under glass and in the open, in his matchless terraced gardens at Nice!

stoop - s'arreter, s'incliner, incliner

acres - acres, acre

matchless - inégalable

terraced - en terrasse, toit-terrasse, terrasse, gradins-p

Jewels"historic pearls: the Sobieski emeralds"sables,"but she cares nothing for all these! Art and beauty, those she does care for, she lives for, as I always have; and those also surrounded her. Pictures, priceless furniture, music, brilliant conversation"ah, that, my dear young man, if you'll excuse me, is what you've no conception of here! And she had it all; and the homage of the greatest.

sables - sables, zibeline, martre, sable

priceless - inestimable

Excuse - pardon, excuser, pardonner, justifier, prétexte, excuse

conception - conception

She tells me she is not thought handsome in New York"good heavens! Her portrait has been painted nine times; the greatest artists in Europe have begged for the privilege. Are these things nothing? And the remorse of an adoring husband?"

heavens - les cieux, ciel, paradis, au-dela, cieux-p

begged - supplié, mendier

adoring - adorer

As the Marchioness Manson rose to her climax her face assumed an expression of ecstatic retrospection which would have moved Archer's mirth had he not been numb with amazement.

climax - l'apogée, climax, apogée, paroxysme, jouissance, orgasme

assumed - supposé, supposer, présupposer, présumer, assumer, adopter

ecstatic - extatique

mirth - l'humour, gaieté

numb - gourd, engourdi, engourdir, endormir, anesthésier

amazement - l'étonnement, stupéfaction, stupeur

He would have laughed if any one had foretold to him that his first sight of poor Medora Manson would have been in the guise of a messenger of Satan; but he was in no mood for laughing now, and she seemed to him to come straight out of the hell from which Ellen Olenska had just escaped.

foretold - prédit, prédire

guise - guise, configuration

Satan - Satan

"She knows nothing yet"of all this?" he asked abruptly.

Mrs. Manson laid a purple finger on her lips. "Nothing directly"but does she suspect? Who can tell? The truth is, Mr. Archer, I have been waiting to see you. From the moment I heard of the firm stand you had taken, and of your influence over her, I hoped it might be possible to count on your support"to convince you ..."

"That she ought to go back? I would rather see her dead!" cried the young man violently.

violently - violemment

"Ah," the Marchioness murmured, without visible resentment. For a while she sat in her arm-chair, opening and shutting the absurd ivory fan between her mittened fingers; but suddenly she lifted her head and listened.

mittened - mitonnée

"Here she comes," she said in a rapid whisper; and then, pointing to the bouquet on the sofa: "Am I to understand that you prefer THAT, Mr. Archer? After all, marriage is marriage ... and my niece is still a wife..."

rapid - rapide, rapides


"What are you two plotting together, aunt Medora?" Madame Olenska cried as she came into the room.

She was dressed as if for a ball. Everything about her shimmered and glimmered softly, as if her dress had been woven out of candle-beams; and she carried her head high, like a pretty woman challenging a roomful of rivals.

shimmered - chatoyante, miroiter

glimmered - miroité, lueur, émettre une lueur

woven - tissé, (weave)

candle - bougie, chandelle

beams - poutres, madrier, poutre, merrain, perche, limon, timon, age

roomful - une chambre pleine

"We were saying, my dear, that here was something beautiful to surprise you with," Mrs. Manson rejoined, rising to her feet and pointing archly to the flowers.

archly - archaique, malicieusement

Madame Olenska stopped short and looked at the bouquet. Her colour did not change, but a sort of white radiance of anger ran over her like summer lightning. "Ah," she exclaimed, in a shrill voice that the young man had never heard, "who is ridiculous enough to send me a bouquet? Why a bouquet? And why tonight of all nights? I am not going to a ball; I am not a girl engaged to be married.

lightning - la foudre, éclair, éloise, foudre

shrill - strident, criard

ridiculous - ridicule

But some people are always ridiculous."

She turned back to the door, opened it, and called out: "Nastasia!"

The ubiquitous handmaiden promptly appeared, and Archer heard Madame Olenska say, in an Italian that she seemed to pronounce with intentional deliberateness in order that he might follow it: "Here"throw this into the dustbin!" and then, as Nastasia stared protestingly: "But no"it's not the fault of the poor flowers. Tell the boy to carry them to the house three doors away, the house of Mr.

ubiquitous - omniprésente

handmaiden - servante

deliberateness - délibérée

dustbin - poubelle, seau a ordures

protestingly - en protestant

fault - défaut, faute, faille

Winsett, the dark gentleman who dined here. His wife is ill"they may give her pleasure ... The boy is out, you say? Then, my dear one, run yourself; here, put my cloak over you and fly. I want the thing out of the house immediately! And, as you live, don't say they come from me!"

She flung her velvet opera cloak over the maid's shoulders and turned back into the drawing-room, shutting the door sharply. Her bosom was rising high under its lace, and for a moment Archer thought she was about to cry; but she burst into a laugh instead, and looking from the Marchioness to Archer, asked abruptly: "And you two"have you made friends!"

flung - jeté, lancer

sharply - brusquement

made friends - s'est fait des amis

"It's for Mr. Archer to say, darling; he has waited patiently while you were dressing."

patiently - patiemment

"Yes"I gave you time enough: my hair wouldn't go," Madame Olenska said, raising her hand to the heaped-up curls of her chignon. "But that reminds me: I see Dr. Carver is gone, and you'll be late at the Blenkers'. Mr. Archer, will you put my aunt in the carriage?"

heaped-up - (heaped-up) entasser

chignon - chignon

She followed the Marchioness into the hall, saw her fitted into a miscellaneous heap of overshoes, shawls and tippets, and called from the doorstep: "Mind, the carriage is to be back for me at ten!" Then she returned to the drawing-room, where Archer, on re-entering it, found her standing by the mantelpiece, examining herself in the mirror.

miscellaneous - divers

heap - tas, pile, monceau

overshoes - des surchaussures, surchaussure, claque

shawls - châles, châle

It was not usual, in New York society, for a lady to address her parlour-maid as "my dear one," and send her out on an errand wrapped in her own opera-cloak; and Archer, through all his deeper feelings, tasted the pleasurable excitement of being in a world where action followed on emotion with such Olympian speed.

parlour - salon

errand - course, commission

wrapped - enveloppé, enrouler (autour de)

pleasurable - agréable

Olympian - Olympien

Madame Olenska did not move when he came up behind her, and for a second their eyes met in the mirror; then she turned, threw herself into her sofa-corner, and sighed out: "There's time for a cigarette."

He handed her the box and lit a spill for her; and as the flame flashed up into her face she glanced at him with laughing eyes and said: "What do you think of me in a temper?"

spill - déverser, répandre, renverser, déversement

Archer paused a moment; then he answered with sudden resolution: "It makes me understand what your aunt has been saying about you."

resolution - conviction, résolution, détermination

"I knew she'd been talking about me. Well?"

"She said you were used to all kinds of things"splendours and amusements and excitements"that we could never hope to give you here."

amusements - divertissements, amusement

Madame Olenska smiled faintly into the circle of smoke about her lips.

"Medora is incorrigibly romantic. It has made up to her for so many things!"

incorrigibly - incorrigiblement

Archer hesitated again, and again took his risk. "Is your aunt's romanticism always consistent with accuracy?"

romanticism - le romantisme, romantisme, romanesque

consistent - cohérent

accuracy - l'exactitude, exactitude, précision

"You mean: does she speak the truth?" Her niece considered. "Well, I'll tell you: in almost everything she says, there's something true and something untrue. But why do you ask? What has she been telling you?"

He looked away into the fire, and then back at her shining presence. His heart tightened with the thought that this was their last evening by that fireside, and that in a moment the carriage would come to carry her away.

tightened - serré, serrer, se resserrer, resserrer les taux

"She says"she pretends that Count Olenski has asked her to persuade you to go back to him."

Madame Olenska made no answer. She sat motionless, holding her cigarette in her half-lifted hand. The expression of her face had not changed; and Archer remembered that he had before noticed her apparent incapacity for surprise.

apparent - apparente, apparent, visible, manifeste, criant, évident

incapacity - l'incapacité, incapacité

"You knew, then?" he broke out.

She was silent for so long that the ash dropped from her cigarette. She brushed it to the floor. "She has hinted about a letter: poor darling! Medora's hints""

ash - cendres, frene, cendre

"Is it at your husband's request that she has arrived here suddenly?"

Madame Olenska seemed to consider this question also. "There again: one can't tell. She told me she had had a 'spiritual summons,'whatever that is, from Dr. Carver. I'm afraid she's going to marry Dr. Carver ... poor Medora, there's always some one she wants to marry. But perhaps the people in Cuba just got tired of her! I think she was with them as a sort of paid companion.

spiritual - spirituel

Really, I don't know why she came."

"But you do believe she has a letter from your husband?"

Again Madame Olenska brooded silently; then she said: "After all, it was to be expected."

brooded - couvé, couvée, couver, protéger

The young man rose and went to lean against the fireplace. A sudden restlessness possessed him, and he was tongue-tied by the sense that their minutes were numbered, and that at any moment he might hear the wheels of the returning carriage.

lean against - s'appuyer

fireplace - âtre, foyer, cheminée

"You know that your aunt believes you will go back?"

Madame Olenska raised her head quickly. A deep blush rose to her face and spread over her neck and shoulders. She blushed seldom and painfully, as if it hurt her like a burn.

painfully - douloureusement

"Many cruel things have been believed of me," she said.

"Oh, Ellen"forgive me; I'm a fool and a brute!"

fool - idiot, dinde, fou, bouffon, mat, duper, tromper

She smiled a little. "You are horribly nervous; you have your own troubles. I know you think the Wellands are unreasonable about your marriage, and of course I agree with you. In Europe people don't understand our long American engagements; I suppose they are not as calm as we are." She pronounced the "we" with a faint emphasis that gave it an ironic sound.

horribly - horriblement

unreasonable - déraisonnable

emphasis - l'accent, accent, emphase, graisse (4)

Archer felt the irony but did not dare to take it up. After all, she had perhaps purposely deflected the conversation from her own affairs, and after the pain his last words had evidently caused her he felt that all he could do was to follow her lead. But the sense of the waning hour made him desperate: he could not bear the thought that a barrier of words should drop between them again.

dare - oser, aventurer

purposely - a dessein, expres

deflected - détourné, détourner, dévier

waning - s'affaiblir, (wan) s'affaiblir

barrier - barriere, barriere, limite, frontiere

"Yes," he said abruptly; "I went south to ask May to marry me after Easter. There's no reason why we shouldn't be married then."

"And May adores you"and yet you couldn't convince her? I thought her too intelligent to be the slave of such absurd superstitions."

adores - adore, adorer

slave - esclave, serf, serve

superstitions - des superstitions, superstition

"She IS too intelligent"she's not their slave."

Madame Olenska looked at him. "Well, then"I don't understand."

Archer reddened, and hurried on with a rush. "We had a frank talk"almost the first. She thinks my impatience a bad sign."

"Merciful heavens"a bad sign?"

merciful - miséricordieux

"She thinks it means that I can't trust myself to go on caring for her. She thinks, in short, I want to marry her at once to get away from some one that I"care for more."

Madame Olenska examined this curiously. "But if she thinks that"why isn't she in a hurry too?"

"Because she's not like that: she's so much nobler. She insists all the more on the long engagement, to give me time""

nobler - plus noble, noble, aristocrate, aristocratique

"Time to give her up for the other woman?"

"If I want to."

Madame Olenska leaned toward the fire and gazed into it with fixed eyes. Down the quiet street Archer heard the approaching trot of her horses.

gazed - regardé, fixer

trot - trot, trotter

"That IS noble," she said, with a slight break in her voice.

"Yes. But it's ridiculous."

"Ridiculous? Because you don't care for any one else?"

"Because I don't mean to marry any one else."

"Ah." There was another long interval. At length she looked up at him and asked: "This other woman"does she love you?"

"Oh, there's no other woman; I mean, the person that May was thinking of is"was never""

"Then, why, after all, are you in such haste?"

"There's your carriage," said Archer.

She half-rose and looked about her with absent eyes. Her fan and gloves lay on the sofa beside her and she picked them up mechanically.

absent - absente, absent

"Yes; I suppose I must be going."

"You're going to Mrs. Struthers's?"

"Yes." She smiled and added: "I must go where I am invited, or I should be too lonely. Why not come with me?"

Archer felt that at any cost he must keep her beside him, must make her give him the rest of her evening. Ignoring her question, he continued to lean against the chimney-piece, his eyes fixed on the hand in which she held her gloves and fan, as if watching to see if he had the power to make her drop them.

"May guessed the truth," he said. "There is another woman"but not the one she thinks."

Ellen Olenska made no answer, and did not move. After a moment he sat down beside her, and, taking her hand, softly unclasped it, so that the gloves and fan fell on the sofa between them.

She started up, and freeing herself from him moved away to the other side of the hearth. "Ah, don't make love to me! Too many people have done that," she said, frowning.

frowning - froncer les sourcils

Archer, changing colour, stood up also: it was the bitterest rebuke she could have given him. "I have never made love to you," he said, "and I never shall. But you are the woman I would have married if it had been possible for either of us."

bitterest - le plus amer, amer, acide

rebuke - la réprimande, reproche, réprimande, reprendre, réprimander

"Possible for either of us?" She looked at him with unfeigned astonishment. "And you say that"when it's you who've made it impossible?"

unfeigned - non feinte

astonishment - l'étonnement, étonnement

He stared at her, groping in a blackness through which a single arrow of light tore its blinding way.

groping - tripotage, tâter, tâtonner, tripoter, peloter

blackness - la noirceur, noirceur

arrow - fleche, fleche

tore - a la déchirure

"I'VE made it impossible"?"

"You, you, YOU!" she cried, her lip trembling like a child's on the verge of tears. "Isn't it you who made me give up divorcing"give it up because you showed me how selfish and wicked it was, how one must sacrifice one's self to preserve the dignity of marriage ... and to spare one's family the publicity, the scandal?

divorcing - divorcer, divorce

sacrifice - sacrifier, sacrifice, offrande

publicity - la publicité, publicité

And because my family was going to be your family"for May's sake and for yours"I did what you told me, what you proved to me that I ought to do. Ah," she broke out with a sudden laugh, "I've made no secret of having done it for you!"

She sank down on the sofa again, crouching among the festive ripples of her dress like a stricken masquerader; and the young man stood by the fireplace and continued to gaze at her without moving.

crouching - accroupi, s'accroupir

festive - festif, festive

ripples - ondulations, ondulation

"Good God," he groaned. "When I thought""

"You thought?"

"Ah, don't ask me what I thought!"

Still looking at her, he saw the same burning flush creep up her neck to her face. She sat upright, facing him with a rigid dignity.

flush - la chasse d'eau, vidanger, rougeur

creep - rampant, ramper, rampement, fatigue, fluage, reptation

upright - debout, integre, montant

rigid - rigide

"I do ask you."

"Well, then: there were things in that letter you asked me to read""

"My husband's letter?"


"I had nothing to fear from that letter: absolutely nothing! All I feared was to bring notoriety, scandal, on the family"on you and May."

"Good God," he groaned again, bowing his face in his hands.

The silence that followed lay on them with the weight of things final and irrevocable. It seemed to Archer to be crushing him down like his own grave-stone; in all the wide future he saw nothing that would ever lift that load from his heart. He did not move from his place, or raise his head from his hands; his hidden eyeballs went on staring into utter darkness.

irrevocable - irrévocable

crushing - l'écrasement, barricade, béguin, amourette, faible

load - charge, chargement, fardeau

eyeballs - les globes oculaires, globe oculaire, évaluer a vue de nez

"At least I loved you"" he brought out.

On the other side of the hearth, from the sofa-corner where he supposed that she still crouched, he heard a faint stifled crying like a child's. He started up and came to her side.

crouched - accroupi, s'accroupir

stifled - étouffé, étouffer

"Ellen! What madness! Why are you crying? Nothing's done that can't be undone. I'm still free, and you're going to be." He had her in his arms, her face like a wet flower at his lips, and all their vain terrors shrivelling up like ghosts at sunrise.

undone - défait, défaire

shrivelling - se flétrir, (shrivel), se rider

sunrise - lever du soleil, potron-minet

The one thing that astonished him now was that he should have stood for five minutes arguing with her across the width of the room, when just touching her made everything so simple.

She gave him back all his kiss, but after a moment he felt her stiffening in his arms, and she put him aside and stood up.

aside - a part, a côté, en passant, aparté

"Ah, my poor Newland"I suppose this had to be. But it doesn't in the least alter things," she said, looking down at him in her turn from the hearth.

"It alters the whole of life for me."

alters - modifie, transformer, changer, altérer

"No, no"it mustn't, it can't. You're engaged to May Welland; and I'm married."

He stood up too, flushed and resolute. "Nonsense! It's too late for that sort of thing. We've no right to lie to other people or to ourselves. We won't talk of your marriage; but do you see me marrying May after this?"

She stood silent, resting her thin elbows on the mantelpiece, her profile reflected in the glass behind her. One of the locks of her chignon had become loosened and hung on her neck; she looked haggard and almost old.

elbows - coudes, coude, coup de coude, jouer des coudes

haggard - hagard, émacié

"I don't see you," she said at length, "putting that question to May. Do you?"

He gave a reckless shrug. "It's too late to do anything else."

reckless - irresponsable, insouciant, téméraire, branque

"You say that because it's the easiest thing to say at this moment"not because it's true. In reality it's too late to do anything but what we'd both decided on."

"Ah, I don't understand you!"

She forced a pitiful smile that pinched her face instead of smoothing it. "You don't understand because you haven't yet guessed how you've changed things for me: oh, from the first"long before I knew all you'd done."

"All I'd done?"

"Yes. I was perfectly unconscious at first that people here were shy of me"that they thought I was a dreadful sort of person. It seems they had even refused to meet me at dinner.

dreadful - épouvantable, redoutable, affreux, terrible

I found that out afterward; and how you'd made your mother go with you to the van der Luydens'; and how you'd insisted on announcing your engagement at the Beaufort ball, so that I might have two families to stand by me instead of one""

At that he broke into a laugh.

"Just imagine," she said, "how stupid and unobservant I was! I knew nothing of all this till Granny blurted it out one day. New York simply meant peace and freedom to me: it was coming home. And I was so happy at being among my own people that every one I met seemed kind and good, and glad to see me.

unobservant - inobservant

blurted - s'est exprimé, lâcher, laisser échapper

But from the very beginning," she continued, "I felt there was no one as kind as you; no one who gave me reasons that I understood for doing what at first seemed so hard and"unnecessary. The very good people didn't convince me; I felt they'd never been tempted.

But you knew; you understood; you had felt the world outside tugging at one with all its golden hands"and yet you hated the things it asks of one; you hated happiness bought by disloyalty and cruelty and indifference. That was what I'd never known before"and it's better than anything I've known."

tugging - tiraillements, (tug), tirer, remorquer, tirement

disloyalty - déloyauté

cruelty - la cruauté, cruauté

She spoke in a low even voice, without tears or visible agitation; and each word, as it dropped from her, fell into his breast like burning lead. He sat bowed over, his head between his hands, staring at the hearthrug, and at the tip of the satin shoe that showed under her dress. Suddenly he knelt down and kissed the shoe.

agitation - l'agitation, agitation

Hearthrug - faux-fuyant, tapis du foyer

knelt - a genoux, agenouiller

She bent over him, laying her hands on his shoulders, and looking at him with eyes so deep that he remained motionless under her gaze.

"Ah, don't let us undo what you've done!" she cried. "I can't go back now to that other way of thinking. I can't love you unless I give you up."

undo - annuler, défaisons, défont, défais

His arms were yearning up to her; but she drew away, and they remained facing each other, divided by the distance that her words had created. Then, abruptly, his anger overflowed.

yearning - désir, (yearn) désir

overflowed - débordé, débordement, déborder, fr

"And Beaufort? Is he to replace me?"

As the words sprang out he was prepared for an answering flare of anger; and he would have welcomed it as fuel for his own. But Madame Olenska only grew a shade paler, and stood with her arms hanging down before her, and her head slightly bent, as her way was when she pondered a question.

flare - flare, fusée lumineuse, feu de Bengale, arrondi

"He's waiting for you now at Mrs. Struthers's; why don't you go to him?" Archer sneered.

sneered - ricané, sourire d'un air méprisant

She turned to ring the bell. "I shall not go out this evening; tell the carriage to go and fetch the Signora Marchesa," she said when the maid came.

Marchesa - marchesa

After the door had closed again Archer continued to look at her with bitter eyes. "Why this sacrifice? Since you tell me that you're lonely I've no right to keep you from your friends."

She smiled a little under her wet lashes. "I shan't be lonely now. I WAS lonely; I WAS afraid. But the emptiness and the darkness are gone; when I turn back into myself now I'm like a child going at night into a room where there's always a light."

emptiness - le vide, vide, néant, vacuité

Her tone and her look still enveloped her in a soft inaccessibility, and Archer groaned out again: "I don't understand you!"

enveloped - enveloppé, envelopper

inaccessibility - l'inaccessibilité, inaccessibilité

"Yet you understand May!"

He reddened under the retort, but kept his eyes on her. "May is ready to give me up."

retort - réplique, rétorquer

"What! Three days after you've entreated her on your knees to hasten your marriage?"

entreated - demandé, supplier

"She's refused; that gives me the right""

"Ah, you've taught me what an ugly word that is," she said.

He turned away with a sense of utter weariness. He felt as though he had been struggling for hours up the face of a steep precipice, and now, just as he had fought his way to the top, his hold had given way and he was pitching down headlong into darkness.

steep - raide

given way - Ceder la place

pitching - le tangage, (pitch) le tangage

headlong - tete baissée, la tete la premiere

If he could have got her in his arms again he might have swept away her arguments; but she still held him at a distance by something inscrutably aloof in her look and attitude, and by his own awed sense of her sincerity. At length he began to plead again.

awed - impressionné, crainte, révérence, admiration

sincerity - la sincérité, sincérité

"If we do this now it will be worse afterward"worse for every one""

"No"no"no!" she almost screamed, as if he frightened her.

screamed - crié, cri, crier

At that moment the bell sent a long tinkle through the house. They had heard no carriage stopping at the door, and they stood motionless, looking at each other with startled eyes.

Outside, Nastasia's step crossed the hall, the outer door opened, and a moment later she came in carrying a telegram which she handed to the Countess Olenska.

"The lady was very happy at the flowers," Nastasia said, smoothing her apron. "She thought it was her signor marito who had sent them, and she cried a little and said it was a folly."

apron - tablier, tarmac, piste

Signor - monsieur

Her mistress smiled and took the yellow envelope. She tore it open and carried it to the lamp; then, when the door had closed again, she handed the telegram to Archer.

It was dated from St. Augustine, and addressed to the Countess Olenska. In it he read: "Granny's telegram successful. Papa and Mamma agree marriage after Easter. Am telegraphing Newland. Am too happy for words and love you dearly. Your grateful May."

Half an hour later, when Archer unlocked his own front-door, he found a similar envelope on the hall-table on top of his pile of notes and letters. The message inside the envelope was also from May Welland, and ran as follows: "Parents consent wedding Tuesday after Easter at twelve Grace Church eight bridesmaids please see Rector so happy love May."

pile - pile, tapée, pilotis, foule, amas

consent - consentir, approuver, agréer, consentement, approbation

bridesmaids - demoiselles d'honneur, demoiselle d'honneur

rector - recteur

Archer crumpled up the yellow sheet as if the gesture could annihilate the news it contained. Then he pulled out a small pocket-diary and turned over the pages with trembling fingers; but he did not find what he wanted, and cramming the telegram into his pocket he mounted the stairs.

annihilate - annihiler, anéantir

cramming - bachotage, bourrer, ficher, foutre, emmancher, fourrer, gaver

A light was shining through the door of the little hall-room which served Janey as a dressing-room and boudoir, and her brother rapped impatiently on the panel. The door opened, and his sister stood before him in her immemorial purple flannel dressing-gown, with her hair "on pins." Her face looked pale and apprehensive.

shining through - qui brille a travers

boudoir - boudoir

rapped - rappé, coup sec

panel - panel, panneau, table ronde, case, vignette, g

flannel - flanelle

dressing-gown - (dressing-gown) robe de chambre

"Newland! I hope there's no bad news in that telegram? I waited on purpose, in case"" (No item of his correspondence was safe from Janey.)

correspondence - correspondance, chronique

He took no notice of her question. "Look here"what day is Easter this year?"

She looked shocked at such unchristian ignorance. "Easter? Newland! Why, of course, the first week in April. Why?"

unchristian - pas chrétiennes

"The first week?" He turned again to the pages of his diary, calculating rapidly under his breath. "The first week, did you say?" He threw back his head with a long laugh.

calculating - calculant, calculer

rapidly - rapidement

"For mercy's sake what's the matter?"

"Nothing's the matter, except that I'm going to be married in a month."

Janey fell upon his neck and pressed him to her purple flannel breast. "Oh Newland, how wonderful! I'm so glad! But, dearest, why do you keep on laughing? Do hush, or you'll wake Mamma."

Hush - chut !, silence

Book II


The day was fresh, with a lively spring wind full of dust. All the old ladies in both families had got out their faded sables and yellowing ermines, and the smell of camphor from the front pews almost smothered the faint spring scent of the lilies banking the altar.

ermines - hermines, hermine

camphor - camphre

pews - bancs, banc (d'église)

smothered - étouffé, étouffer

altar - l'autel, autel

Newland Archer, at a signal from the sexton, had come out of the vestry and placed himself with his best man on the chancel step of Grace Church.

sexton - sexton, sacristain, sacriste

vestry - la sacristie, sacristie

chancel - chour, chancel, clôture de chour

The signal meant that the brougham bearing the bride and her father was in sight; but there was sure to be a considerable interval of adjustment and consultation in the lobby, where the bridesmaids were already hovering like a cluster of Easter blossoms.

adjustment - l'ajustement, ajustement, areglement

During this unavoidable lapse of time the bridegroom, in proof of his eagerness, was expected to expose himself alone to the gaze of the assembled company; and Archer had gone through this formality as resignedly as through all the others which made of a nineteenth century New York wedding a rite that seemed to belong to the dawn of history.

unavoidable - inévitable

lapse - laps de temps, erreur, faute

bridegroom - l'époux, jeune marié, futur marié, futur époux

expose - exposer, dénoncer

formality - formalité

nineteenth - dix-neuvieme, dix-neuvieme ('before the noun'), ('in names of monarchs and popes') dix-neuf ('after the name') ('abbreviation' XIX)

Everything was equally easy"or equally painful, as one chose to put it"in the path he was committed to tread, and he had obeyed the flurried injunctions of his best man as piously as other bridegrooms had obeyed his own, in the days when he had guided them through the same labyrinth.

tread - la bande de roulement, piétiner, escabeau

obeyed - obéi, obéir, obtempérer

injunctions - injonctions, injonction

piously - pieusement

bridegrooms - les mariés, jeune marié, futur marié, marié, futur époux, époux

So far he was reasonably sure of having fulfilled all his obligations.

reasonably - raisonnablement

fulfilled - satisfaits, accomplir

obligations - obligations, obligation, engagement, fr

The bridesmaids'eight bouquets of white lilac and lilies-of-the-valley had been sent in due time, as well as the gold and sapphire sleeve-links of the eight ushers and the best man's cat's-eye scarf-pin; Archer had sat up half the night trying to vary the wording of his thanks for the last batch of presents from men friends and ex-lady-loves; the fees for the Bishop and the Rector were safely in the pocket of his best man; his own luggage was already at Mrs. Manson Mingott's, where the wedding-breakfast was to take place, and so were the travelling clothes into which he was to change; and a private compartment had been engaged in the train that was to carry the young couple to their unknown destination"concealment of the spot in which the bridal night was to be spent being one of the most sacred taboos of the prehistoric ritual.

bouquets - bouquets, bouquet

lilac - lilas

ushers - huissiers, ouvreur, escorte, garçon d'honneur, huissier

vary - varier

batch - lot, fournée

ex - ex

fees - honoraires, tarif

bishop - éveque, eveque

concealment - dissimulation

sacred - sacrée, sacré, saint

taboos - tabous, tabou, taboue

prehistoric - préhistorique

"Got the ring all right?" whispered young van der Luyden Newland, who was inexperienced in the duties of a best man, and awed by the weight of his responsibility.

inexperienced - inexpérimenté

Archer made the gesture which he had seen so many bridegrooms make: with his ungloved right hand he felt in the pocket of his dark grey waistcoat, and assured himself that the little gold circlet (engraved inside: Newland to May, April "-, 187-) was in its place; then, resuming his former attitude, his tall hat and pearl-grey gloves with black stitchings grasped in his left hand, he stood looking at the door of the church.

waistcoat - gilet

circlet - le cirque, diademe

pearl-grey - (pearl-grey) gris perle

grasped - saisi, saisir, agripper, comprendre

Overhead, Handel's March swelled pompously through the imitation stone vaulting, carrying on its waves the faded drift of the many weddings at which, with cheerful indifference, he had stood on the same chancel step watching other brides float up the nave toward other bridegrooms.

overhead - des frais généraux, dessus, sur, au dessus, aérien, grippage

pompously - pompeusement

imitation - imitation

float - flotter, flotteur, taloche, char, flottant, float

nave - nef, moyeu

"How like a first night at the Opera!" he thought, recognising all the same faces in the same boxes (no, pews), and wondering if, when the Last Trump sounded, Mrs. Selfridge Merry would be there with the same towering ostrich feathers in her bonnet, and Mrs.

trump - trump, atout

Beaufort with the same diamond earrings and the same smile"and whether suitable proscenium seats were already prepared for them in another world.

earrings - boucles d'oreilles, boucle d'oreille

After that there was still time to review, one by one, the familiar countenances in the first rows; the women's sharp with curiosity and excitement, the men's sulky with the obligation of having to put on their frock-coats before luncheon, and fight for food at the wedding-breakfast.

countenances - des visages, visage, approuver

sulky - boudeur, boudeuse

"Too bad the breakfast is at old Catherine's," the bridegroom could fancy Reggie Chivers saying. "But I'm told that Lovell Mingott insisted on its being cooked by his own chef, so it ought to be good if one can only get at it." And he could imagine Sillerton Jackson adding with authority: "My dear fellow, haven't you heard? It's to be served at small tables, in the new English fashion."

Archer's eyes lingered a moment on the left-hand pew, where his mother, who had entered the church on Mr. Henry van der Luyden's arm, sat weeping softly under her Chantilly veil, her hands in her grandmother's ermine muff.

Chantilly - Chantilly

ermine - l'hermine, hermine

"Poor Janey!" he thought, looking at his sister, "even by screwing her head around she can see only the people in the few front pews; and they're mostly dowdy Newlands and Dagonets."

screwing - baiser, vissant, vissage, (screw), vis, hélice, visser

On the hither side of the white ribbon dividing off the seats reserved for the families he saw Beaufort, tall and redfaced, scrutinising the women with his arrogant stare. Beside him sat his wife, all silvery chinchilla and violets; and on the far side of the ribbon, Lawrence Lefferts's sleekly brushed head seemed to mount guard over the invisible deity of "Good Form" who presided at the ceremony.

hither - ici, ça

reserved - réservé, réservation, réserve, réserves-p

redfaced - rougeaud

stare - fixer, regarder (fixement), dévisager

silvery - argenté, argentin

chinchilla - chinchilla, (chinchillon)

violets - des violettes, violet, violette

sleekly - glissante

mount - monter, montent, montez, montons

presided - présidé, présider

Archer wondered how many flaws Lefferts's keen eyes would discover in the ritual of his divinity; then he suddenly recalled that he too had once thought such questions important. The things that had filled his days seemed now like a nursery parody of life, or like the wrangles of mediaeval schoolmen over metaphysical terms that nobody had ever understood.

flaws - défauts, défaut, faille

nursery - pépiniere, creche, pouponniere, pépiniere

parody - parodie, parodier

wrangles - querelles, disputer, quereller

mediaeval - médiévale, médiéval

metaphysical - métaphysique

A stormy discussion as to whether the wedding presents should be "shown" had darkened the last hours before the wedding; and it seemed inconceivable to Archer that grown-up people should work themselves into a state of agitation over such trifles, and that the matter should have been decided (in the negative) by Mrs.

stormy - orageux

darkened - assombri, obscurcir, assombrir, foncer

Welland's saying, with indignant tears: "I should as soon turn the reporters loose in my house." Yet there was a time when Archer had had definite and rather aggressive opinions on all such problems, and when everything concerning the manners and customs of his little tribe had seemed to him fraught with world-wide significance.

indignant - indigné

loose - en vrac, ample, desserré

aggressive - agressif

fraught - rempli

significance - importance (1), signification (2)

"And all the while, I suppose," he thought, "real people were living somewhere, and real things happening to them ..."

"THERE THEY COME!" breathed the best man excitedly; but the bridegroom knew better.

excitedly - avec enthousiasme

The cautious opening of the door of the church meant only that Mr. Brown the livery-stable keeper (gowned in black in his intermittent character of sexton) was taking a preliminary survey of the scene before marshalling his forces. The door was softly shut again; then after another interval it swung majestically open, and a murmur ran through the church: "The family!"

intermittent - intermittent

preliminary - préliminaire

swung - balancé, osciller, se balancer, balancer, swinguer

Mrs. Welland came first, on the arm of her eldest son. Her large pink face was appropriately solemn, and her plum-coloured satin with pale blue side-panels, and blue ostrich plumes in a small satin bonnet, met with general approval; but before she had settled herself with a stately rustle in the pew opposite Mrs. Archer's the spectators were craning their necks to see who was coming after her.

plumes - les panaches, plume(t)

rustle - bruissement, froufrou, froufrouter

spectators - spectateurs, spectateur, spectatrice, badaud, badaude

craning - grue

Wild rumours had been abroad the day before to the effect that Mrs. Manson Mingott, in spite of her physical disabilities, had resolved on being present at the ceremony; and the idea was so much in keeping with her sporting character that bets ran high at the clubs as to her being able to walk up the nave and squeeze into a seat.

disabilities - les handicaps, invalidité, pension d'invalidité

bets - paris, parier (sur)

squeeze - de la compression, presser, comprimer, tasser, serrer

It was known that she had insisted on sending her own carpenter to look into the possibility of taking down the end panel of the front pew, and to measure the space between the seat and the front; but the result had been discouraging, and for one anxious day her family had watched her dallying with the plan of being wheeled up the nave in her enormous Bath chair and sitting enthroned in it at the foot of the chancel.

Carpenter - menuisier, menuisiere, charpentier, charpentiere

taking down - descendre

end panel - panneau de fin

dallying - de la flânerie, lambiner

enthroned - intronisé, introniser

The idea of this monstrous exposure of her person was so painful to her relations that they could have covered with gold the ingenious person who suddenly discovered that the chair was too wide to pass between the iron uprights of the awning which extended from the church door to the curbstone.

exposure - l'exposition, exposition

ingenious - ingénieux

uprights - les montants, integre, montant

curbstone - la margelle, pierre de bordure de trottoir

The idea of doing away with this awning, and revealing the bride to the mob of dressmakers and newspaper reporters who stood outside fighting to get near the joints of the canvas, exceeded even old Catherine's courage, though for a moment she had weighed the possibility. "Why, they might take a photograph of my child AND PUT IT IN THE PAPERS!" Mrs.

mob - mob, cohue

dressmakers - les couturieres, couturiere

exceeded - dépassé, excéder, dépasser

Welland exclaimed when her mother's last plan was hinted to her; and from this unthinkable indecency the clan recoiled with a collective shudder.

unthinkable - incroyable, inconcevable, impensable, inimaginable

recoiled - a reculé, recul, reculer

The ancestress had had to give in; but her concession was bought only by the promise that the wedding-breakfast should take place under her roof, though (as the Washington Square connection said) with the Wellands'house in easy reach it was hard to have to make a special price with Brown to drive one to the other end of nowhere.

easy reach - facile a atteindre

special price - prix spécial

Though all these transactions had been widely reported by the Jacksons a sporting minority still clung to the belief that old Catherine would appear in church, and there was a distinct lowering of the temperature when she was found to have been replaced by her daughter-in-law. Mrs.

widely - largement, généralement, fréquemment, communément

lowering - baissant, (lower) baissant

Lovell Mingott had the high colour and glassy stare induced in ladies of her age and habit by the effort of getting into a new dress; but once the disappointment occasioned by her mother-in-law's non-appearance had subsided, it was agreed that her black Chantilly over lilac satin, with a bonnet of Parma violets, formed the happiest contrast to Mrs. Welland's blue and plum-colour.

induced - induite, induire

subsided - s'est apaisée, tomber, calmer

plum - prune

Far different was the impression produced by the gaunt and mincing lady who followed on Mr. Mingott's arm, in a wild dishevelment of stripes and fringes and floating scarves; and as this last apparition glided into view Archer's heart contracted and stopped beating.

gaunt - décharné, maigre, osseux, anguleux, émacié

mincing - hachage, (mince), hachis, viande hachée, hacher

dishevelment - le découragement

fringes - les franges, frange, périphérie, radicaux

floating - flottant, (float), flotter, flotteur, taloche, char

scarves - des écharpes, écharpe

apparition - apparition

glided - glissé, glisser, planer

contracted - sous contrat, contracter

He had taken it for granted that the Marchioness Manson was still in Washington, where she had gone some four weeks previously with her niece, Madame Olenska. It was generally understood that their abrupt departure was due to Madame Olenska's desire to remove her aunt from the baleful eloquence of Dr.

abrupt - abrupt, brusque, precipité

baleful - maléfique, sinistre

Agathon Carver, who had nearly succeeded in enlisting her as a recruit for the Valley of Love; and in the circumstances no one had expected either of the ladies to return for the wedding.

enlisting - l'enrôlement, rejoindre, recruter

recruit - recrue, recruter, enrôler, checkenrôler

For a moment Archer stood with his eyes fixed on Medora's fantastic figure, straining to see who came behind her; but the little procession was at an end, for all the lesser members of the family had taken their seats, and the eight tall ushers, gathering themselves together like birds or insects preparing for some migratory manoeuvre, were already slipping through the side doors into the lobby.

straining - la tension, (strain) la tension

procession - procession, cortege, kyrielle

migratory - migratoire

side doors - les portes latérales

"Newland"I say: SHE'S HERE!" the best man whispered.

Archer roused himself with a start.

A long time had apparently passed since his heart had stopped beating, for the white and rosy procession was in fact half way up the nave, the Bishop, the Rector and two white-winged assistants were hovering about the flower-banked altar, and the first chords of the Spohr symphony were strewing their flower-like notes before the bride.

chords - accords, accord, corde

Symphony - symphonie

strewing - strewing, (strew), parsemer, joncher

Archer opened his eyes (but could they really have been shut, as he imagined?), and felt his heart beginning to resume its usual task. The music, the scent of the lilies on the altar, the vision of the cloud of tulle and orange-blossoms floating nearer and nearer, the sight of Mrs.

resume - cv, resume, reprendent, reprends, reprenez, reprenons

Archer's face suddenly convulsed with happy sobs, the low benedictory murmur of the Rector's voice, the ordered evolutions of the eight pink bridesmaids and the eight black ushers: all these sights, sounds and sensations, so familiar in themselves, so unutterably strange and meaningless in his new relation to them, were confusedly mingled in his brain.

convulsed - convulsé, convulser

sobs - sanglots, fdp-p

benedictory - bénédiction

evolutions - évolutions, évolution

sensations - sensations, sensation

unutterably - de maniere indiscutable

meaningless - sans signification, dénué de sens, dépourvu de sens

confusedly - confusément

"My God," he thought, "HAVE I got the ring?""and once more he went through the bridegroom's convulsive gesture.

convulsive - convulsif

Then, in a moment, May was beside him, such radiance streaming from her that it sent a faint warmth through his numbness, and he straightened himself and smiled into her eyes.

streaming - streaming, (stream), ruisseau, ru, rupt, filet, flot, courant

numbness - l'engourdissement, engourdissement

straightened - redressé, redresser

"Dearly beloved, we are gathered together here," the Rector began ...

beloved - bien-aimé, chéri, amant, amante, (belove)

The ring was on her hand, the Bishop's benediction had been given, the bridesmaids were a-poise to resume their place in the procession, and the organ was showing preliminary symptoms of breaking out into the Mendelssohn March, without which no newly-wedded couple had ever emerged upon New York.

benediction - bénédiction

poise - l'équilibre, assurance, aisance, sang-froid, aplomb, poise

organ - organe, orgue

wedded - marié(e), marier, épouser

"Your arm"I SAY, GIVE HER YOUR ARM!" young Newland nervously hissed; and once more Archer became aware of having been adrift far off in the unknown. What was it that had sent him there, he wondered?

adrift - a la dérive, a la dérive

Perhaps the glimpse, among the anonymous spectators in the transept, of a dark coil of hair under a hat which, a moment later, revealed itself as belonging to an unknown lady with a long nose, so laughably unlike the person whose image she had evoked that he asked himself if he were becoming subject to hallucinations.

anonymous - anonyme

transept - transept

laughably - risible

hallucinations - des hallucinations, hallucination, illusion

And now he and his wife were pacing slowly down the nave, carried forward on the light Mendelssohn ripples, the spring day beckoning to them through widely opened doors, and Mrs. Welland's chestnuts, with big white favours on their frontlets, curvetting and showing off at the far end of the canvas tunnel.

pacing - le rythme, pas

beckoning - l'appel, faire signe

tunnel - tunnel

The footman, who had a still bigger white favour on his lapel, wrapped May's white cloak about her, and Archer jumped into the brougham at her side. She turned to him with a triumphant smile and their hands clasped under her veil.

lapel - revers, colbac

"Darling!" Archer said"and suddenly the same black abyss yawned before him and he felt himself sinking into it, deeper and deeper, while his voice rambled on smoothly and cheerfully: "Yes, of course I thought I'd lost the ring; no wedding would be complete if the poor devil of a bridegroom didn't go through that. But you DID keep me waiting, you know!

yawned - bâillé, bâiller, béer, bâillement

I had time to think of every horror that might possibly happen."

She surprised him by turning, in full Fifth Avenue, and flinging her arms about his neck. "But none ever CAN happen now, can it, Newland, as long as we two are together?"

flinging - flingage, lancer

Every detail of the day had been so carefully thought out that the young couple, after the wedding-breakfast, had ample time to put on their travelling-clothes, descend the wide Mingott stairs between laughing bridesmaids and weeping parents, and get into the brougham under the traditional shower of rice and satin slippers; and there was still half an hour left in which to drive to the station, buy the last weeklies at the bookstall with the air of seasoned travellers, and settle themselves in the reserved compartment in which May's maid had already placed her dove-coloured travelling cloak and glaringly new dressing-bag from London.

ample - ample

descend - descendre

slippers - des pantoufles, chausson, pantoufle

weeklies - hebdomadaires, hebdomadairement, chaque semaine

bookstall - le centre de documentation

dove - colombe, pigeon, (dive) colombe

glaringly - de maniere flagrante

The old du Lac aunts at Rhinebeck had put their house at the disposal of the bridal couple, with a readiness inspired by the prospect of spending a week in New York with Mrs. Archer; and Archer, glad to escape the usual "bridal suite" in a Philadelphia or Baltimore hotel, had accepted with an equal alacrity.

disposal - l'élimination, disposition, élimination

bridal couple - couple de mariés

suite - suite

alacrity - alacrité, empressement, rapidité

May was enchanted at the idea of going to the country, and childishly amused at the vain efforts of the eight bridesmaids to discover where their mysterious retreat was situated.

retreat - retraite

It was thought "very English" to have a country-house lent to one, and the fact gave a last touch of distinction to what was generally conceded to be the most brilliant wedding of the year; but where the house was no one was permitted to know, except the parents of bride and groom, who, when taxed with the knowledge, pursed their lips and said mysteriously: "Ah, they didn't tell us"" which was manifestly true, since there was no need to.

conceded - concédé, concéder, céder, admettre, concéder que

most brilliant - le plus brillant

manifestly - manifestement

Once they were settled in their compartment, and the train, shaking off the endless wooden suburbs, had pushed out into the pale landscape of spring, talk became easier than Archer had expected.

shaking off - Secouer

endless - sans fin, infini, interminable, perpétuel

suburbs - les banlieues, banlieue, faubourg, arrondissement

landscape - paysage

May was still, in look and tone, the simple girl of yesterday, eager to compare notes with him as to the incidents of the wedding, and discussing them as impartially as a bridesmaid talking it all over with an usher. At first Archer had fancied that this detachment was the disguise of an inward tremor; but her clear eyes revealed only the most tranquil unawareness.

compare notes - comparer les notes

bridesmaid - demoiselle d'honneur

usher - usher, ouvreur, escorte, garçon d'honneur, huissier, escorter

unawareness - l'inconscience, méconnaissance

She was alone for the first time with her husband; but her husband was only the charming comrade of yesterday. There was no one whom she liked as much, no one whom she trusted as completely, and the culminating "lark" of the whole delightful adventure of engagement and marriage was to be off with him alone on a journey, like a grownup person, like a "married woman," in fact.

comrade - camarade f, camarade

trusted - de confiance, confiance, trust, faire confiance

culminating - le point culminant, aboutir a, conduire a, déboucher sur

lark - alouette

grownup - adulte

It was wonderful that"as he had learned in the Mission garden at St. Augustine"such depths of feeling could coexist with such absence of imagination.

coexist - coexister

But he remembered how, even then, she had surprised him by dropping back to inexpressive girlishness as soon as her conscience had been eased of its burden; and he saw that she would probably go through life dealing to the best of her ability with each experience as it came, but never anticipating any by so much as a stolen glance.

inexpressive - inexpressif

eased - assoupli, facilité, repos, abaisser, abréger, amoindrir

anticipating - anticiper, prévoir

Perhaps that faculty of unawareness was what gave her eyes their transparency, and her face the look of representing a type rather than a person; as if she might have been chosen to pose for a Civic Virtue or a Greek goddess.

transparency - la transparence, transparence

civic - civique, citoyen

goddess - déesse

The blood that ran so close to her fair skin might have been a preserving fluid rather than a ravaging element; yet her look of indestructible youthfulness made her seem neither hard nor dull, but only primitive and pure.

preserving - préserver, confiture, conserve, réserve naturelle

fluid - fluide, liquide

ravaging - ravageant, ravager

indestructible - indestructible

youthfulness - la jeunesse

In the thick of this meditation Archer suddenly felt himself looking at her with the startled gaze of a stranger, and plunged into a reminiscence of the wedding-breakfast and of Granny Mingott's immense and triumphant pervasion of it.

meditation - méditation

reminiscence - la réminiscence, réminiscence

pervasion - pervasion

May settled down to frank enjoyment of the subject. "I was surprised, though"weren't you?"that aunt Medora came after all. Ellen wrote that they were neither of them well enough to take the journey; I do wish it had been she who had recovered! Did you see the exquisite old lace she sent me?"

weren - n'était

He had known that the moment must come sooner or later, but he had somewhat imagined that by force of willing he might hold it at bay.

bay - baie

"Yes"I"no: yes, it was beautiful," he said, looking at her blindly, and wondering if, whenever he heard those two syllables, all his carefully built-up world would tumble about him like a house of cards.

blindly - aveuglément, a l’aveuglette

syllables - syllabes, syllabe

"Aren't you tired? It will be good to have some tea when we arrive"I'm sure the aunts have got everything beautifully ready," he rattled on, taking her hand in his; and her mind rushed away instantly to the magnificent tea and coffee service of Baltimore silver which the Beauforts had sent, and which "went" so perfectly with uncle Lovell Mingott's trays and side-dishes.

rattled - secouée, (faire) cliqueter

trays - plateaux, plateau

In the spring twilight the train stopped at the Rhinebeck station, and they walked along the platform to the waiting carriage.

"Ah, how awfully kind of the van der Luydens"they've sent their man over from Skuytercliff to meet us," Archer exclaimed, as a sedate person out of livery approached them and relieved the maid of her bags.

"I'm extremely sorry, sir," said this emissary, "that a little accident has occurred at the Miss du Lacs': a leak in the water-tank. It happened yesterday, and Mr. van der Luyden, who heard of it this morning, sent a housemaid up by the early train to get the Patroon's house ready.

emissary - émissaire

leak - fuite, voie d'eau, taupe, fuir

tank - réservoir, tank, cuirass, char

housemaid - femme de ménage

early train - Train matinal

It will be quite comfortable, I think you'll find, sir; and the Miss du Lacs have sent their cook over, so that it will be exactly the same as if you'd been at Rhinebeck."

Archer stared at the speaker so blankly that he repeated in still more apologetic accents: "It'll be exactly the same, sir, I do assure you"" and May's eager voice broke out, covering the embarrassed silence: "The same as Rhinebeck? The Patroon's house? But it will be a hundred thousand times better"won't it, Newland? It's too dear and kind of Mr. van der Luyden to have thought of it."

apologetic - des excuses, apologétique

And as they drove off, with the maid beside the coachman, and their shining bridal bags on the seat before them, she went on excitedly: "Only fancy, I've never been inside it"have you? The van der Luydens show it to so few people.

But they opened it for Ellen, it seems, and she told me what a darling little place it was: she says it's the only house she's seen in America that she could imagine being perfectly happy in."

perfectly happy - parfaitement heureux

"Well"that's what we're going to be, isn't it?" cried her husband gaily; and she answered with her boyish smile: "Ah, it's just our luck beginning"the wonderful luck we're always going to have together!"


"Of course we must dine with Mrs. Carfry, dearest," Archer said; and his wife looked at him with an anxious frown across the monumental Britannia ware of their lodging house breakfast-table.

Britannia - britannia

lodging - l'hébergement, logement, hébergement, verse, (lodge), cabane

In all the rainy desert of autumnal London there were only two people whom the Newland Archers knew; and these two they had sedulously avoided, in conformity with the old New York tradition that it was not "dignified" to force one's self on the notice of one's acquaintances in foreign countries.

rainy - pluvieux

autumnal - automnale

conformity - conformité

dignified - digne, honorer

acquaintances - des connaissances, relation, qualifier

Mrs. Archer and Janey, in the course of their visits to Europe, had so unflinchingly lived up to this principle, and met the friendly advances of their fellow-travellers with an air of such impenetrable reserve, that they had almost achieved the record of never having exchanged a word with a "foreigner" other than those employed in hotels and railway-stations.

unflinchingly - de maniere indéfectible

advances - des avancées, élever, avancer, avancée, progression

impenetrable - impénétrable

reserve - réservation, réserve, réserves, remplaçant

Their own compatriots"save those previously known or properly accredited"they treated with an even more pronounced disdain; so that, unless they ran across a Chivers, a Dagonet or a Mingott, their months abroad were spent in an unbroken tete-a-tete.

compatriots - compatriotes, compatriote

disdain - dédain, mépris, dédaigner, mépriser

tete-a-tete - (tete-a-tete) Tete-a-tete

But the utmost precautions are sometimes unavailing; and one night at Botzen one of the two English ladies in the room across the passage (whose names, dress and social situation were already intimately known to Janey) had knocked on the door and asked if Mrs. Archer had a bottle of liniment. The other lady"the intruder's sister, Mrs.

precautions - des précautions, précaution

unavailing - sans succes

intimately - intimement

Liniment - liniment

intruder - intrus, importun

Carfry"had been seized with a sudden attack of bronchitis; and Mrs. Archer, who never travelled without a complete family pharmacy, was fortunately able to produce the required remedy.

seized with - saisir

pharmacy - pharmacie, officine

remedy - remede, remede, recours, remédier

Mrs. Carfry was very ill, and as she and her sister Miss Harle were travelling alone they were profoundly grateful to the Archer ladies, who supplied them with ingenious comforts and whose efficient maid helped to nurse the invalid back to health.

comforts - le confort, confort, consoler

efficient - efficace

When the Archers left Botzen they had no idea of ever seeing Mrs. Carfry and Miss Harle again. Nothing, to Mrs. Archer's mind, would have been more "undignified" than to force one's self on the notice of a "foreigner" to whom one had happened to render an accidental service. But Mrs.

render - l'équarrissage, rendre

accidental - accidentelle, accidentel, altération

Carfry and her sister, to whom this point of view was unknown, and who would have found it utterly incomprehensible, felt themselves linked by an eternal gratitude to the "delightful Americans" who had been so kind at Botzen. With touching fidelity they seized every chance of meeting Mrs.

incomprehensible - incompréhensible

eternal - éternelle, éternel

fidelity - fidélité

seized - saisi, saisir

Archer and Janey in the course of their continental travels, and displayed a supernatural acuteness in finding out when they were to pass through London on their way to or from the States. The intimacy became indissoluble, and Mrs.

displayed - affichée, représentation, spectacle, moniteur, écran

supernatural - surnaturel, surnaturelle

indissoluble - indissoluble

Archer and Janey, whenever they alighted at Brown's Hotel, found themselves awaited by two affectionate friends who, like themselves, cultivated ferns in Wardian cases, made macrame lace, read the memoirs of the Baroness Bunsen and had views about the occupants of the leading London pulpits. As Mrs. Archer said, it made "another thing of London" to know Mrs.

alighted - descendus, descendre (de)

awaited - attendue, attendre, s'attendre a, servir, guetter

affectionate - affectueux

Memoirs - mémoires, mémoires-p

Baroness - madame la baronne, baronne

Bunsen - Bunsen

occupants - occupants, occupant, habitant

pulpits - chaires, chaire

Carfry and Miss Harle; and by the time that Newland became engaged the tie between the families was so firmly established that it was thought "only right" to send a wedding invitation to the two English ladies, who sent, in return, a pretty bouquet of pressed Alpine flowers under glass. And on the dock, when Newland and his wife sailed for England, Mrs.

became engaged - se sont fiancés

Dock - quai, dock

Archer's last word had been: "You must take May to see Mrs. Carfry."

Newland and his wife had had no idea of obeying this injunction; but Mrs. Carfry, with her usual acuteness, had run them down and sent them an invitation to dine; and it was over this invitation that May Archer was wrinkling her brows across the tea and muffins.

obeying - obéir, obtempérer

injunction - injonction

wrinkling - les rides, ride

muffins - muffins, muffin

"It's all very well for you, Newland; you KNOW them. But I shall feel so shy among a lot of people I've never met. And what shall I wear?"

Newland leaned back in his chair and smiled at her. She looked handsomer and more Diana-like than ever. The moist English air seemed to have deepened the bloom of her cheeks and softened the slight hardness of her virginal features; or else it was simply the inner glow of happiness, shining through like a light under ice.

handsomer - plus beau, beau

softened - adoucie, adoucir

virginal - virginal

"Wear, dearest? I thought a trunkful of things had come from Paris last week."

trunkful - trunkful

"Yes, of course. I meant to say that I shan't know WHICH to wear." She pouted a little. "I've never dined out in London; and I don't want to be ridiculous."

pouted - a fait la moue, faire la moue

He tried to enter into her perplexity. "But don't Englishwomen dress just like everybody else in the evening?"

Englishwomen - les anglaises, Anglaise

"Newland! How can you ask such funny questions? When they go to the theatre in old ball-dresses and bare heads."

ball-dresses - (ball-dresses) des robes de bal

"Well, perhaps they wear new ball-dresses at home; but at any rate Mrs. Carfry and Miss Harle won't. They'll wear caps like my mother's"and shawls; very soft shawls."

"Yes; but how will the other women be dressed?"

"Not as well as you, dear," he rejoined, wondering what had suddenly developed in her Janey's morbid interest in clothes.

morbid - morbide, checkmacabre, checkmalsain, checkpathologique

She pushed back her chair with a sigh. "That's dear of you, Newland; but it doesn't help me much."

He had an inspiration. "Why not wear your wedding-dress? That can't be wrong, can it?"

inspiration - l'inspiration, inspiration

"Oh, dearest! If I only had it here! But it's gone to Paris to be made over for next winter, and Worth hasn't sent it back."

"Oh, well"" said Archer, getting up. "Look here"the fog's lifting. If we made a dash for the National Gallery we might manage to catch a glimpse of the pictures."

Fog - le brouillard, masquer, brume, brouillard

Dash - dash, tiret, trait, ta, sprint, soupçon, se précipiter

The Newland Archers were on their way home, after a three months'wedding-tour which May, in writing to her girl friends, vaguely summarised as "blissful."

blissful - bienheureux

They had not gone to the Italian Lakes: on reflection, Archer had not been able to picture his wife in that particular setting. Her own inclination (after a month with the Paris dressmakers) was for mountaineering in July and swimming in August.

mountaineering - l'alpinisme, alpinisme, (mountaineer), montagnard

This plan they punctually fulfilled, spending July at Interlaken and Grindelwald, and August at a little place called Etretat, on the Normandy coast, which some one had recommended as quaint and quiet.

fulfilled - satisfaits, combler, satisfaire

Normandy - la normandie, Normandie

quaint - pittoresque, singulier, intéressant, curieux

Once or twice, in the mountains, Archer had pointed southward and said: "There's Italy"; and May, her feet in a gentian-bed, had smiled cheerfully, and replied: "It would be lovely to go there next winter, if only you didn't have to be in New York."

gentian - gentiane

But in reality travelling interested her even less than he had expected.

She regarded it (once her clothes were ordered) as merely an enlarged opportunity for walking, riding, swimming, and trying her hand at the fascinating new game of lawn tennis; and when they finally got back to London (where they were to spend a fortnight while he ordered HIS clothes) she no longer concealed the eagerness with which she looked forward to sailing.

enlarged - élargi, agrandir, élargir, accroître

lawn - pelouse, gazon, gazer

concealed - dissimulée, dissimuler, cacher

In London nothing interested her but the theatres and the shops; and she found the theatres less exciting than the Paris cafes chantants where, under the blossoming horse-chestnuts of the Champs Elysees, she had had the novel experience of looking down from the restaurant terrace on an audience of "cocottes," and having her husband interpret to her as much of the songs as he thought suitable for bridal ears.

chantants - des chants

blossoming - l'épanouissement, fleurissant, (blossom), fleur, floraison

Champs - les champions, mâchonner

terrace - toit-terrasse, terrasse, gradins

Archer had reverted to all his old inherited ideas about marriage. It was less trouble to conform with the tradition and treat May exactly as all his friends treated their wives than to try to put into practice the theories with which his untrammelled bachelorhood had dallied.

reverted - inversé, conversion, retomber, retourner, redevenir, renvoyer

inherited - hérité, hériter

conform - conforme, s'aligner, se conformer (a)

untrammelled - sans entraves

bachelorhood - le célibat, célibat

dallied - dalliés, lambiner

There was no use in trying to emancipate a wife who had not the dimmest notion that she was not free; and he had long since discovered that May's only use of the liberty she supposed herself to possess would be to lay it on the altar of her wifely adoration.

emancipate - émanciper

dimmest - le plus faible, faible, vague

wifely - épouse

adoration - l'adoration, adoration

Her innate dignity would always keep her from making the gift abjectly; and a day might even come (as it once had) when she would find strength to take it altogether back if she thought she were doing it for his own good.

abjectly - de maniere abjecte, abjectement

But with a conception of marriage so uncomplicated and incurious as hers such a crisis could be brought about only by something visibly outrageous in his own conduct; and the fineness of her feeling for him made that unthinkable. Whatever happened, he knew, she would always be loyal, gallant and unresentful; and that pledged him to the practice of the same virtues.

uncomplicated - sans complications

incurious - incurieux

crisis - crise

fineness - finesse, élancement

gallant - galant, brave, vaillant

unresentful - non représentatif

All this tended to draw him back into his old habits of mind. If her simplicity had been the simplicity of pettiness he would have chafed and rebelled; but since the lines of her character, though so few, were on the same fine mould as her face, she became the tutelary divinity of all his old traditions and reverences.

pettiness - la mesquinerie

tutelary - tutélaire, tuteur

Reverences - révérences, révérence

Such qualities were scarcely of the kind to enliven foreign travel, though they made her so easy and pleasant a companion; but he saw at once how they would fall into place in their proper setting.

enliven - animer, vivifier

He had no fear of being oppressed by them, for his artistic and intellectual life would go on, as it always had, outside the domestic circle; and within it there would be nothing small and stifling"coming back to his wife would never be like entering a stuffy room after a tramp in the open. And when they had children the vacant corners in both their lives would be filled.

stuffy - mal aéré, étouffant, bouché, fâché, en rogne

tramp - piéton, clochard, va-nuieds, traînée, garce

All these things went through his mind during their long slow drive from Mayfair to South Kensington, where Mrs. Carfry and her sister lived. Archer too would have preferred to escape their friends'hospitality: in conformity with the family tradition he had always travelled as a sight-seer and looker-on, affecting a haughty unconsciousness of the presence of his fellow-beings.

looker - regardant, canon

Once only, just after Harvard, he had spent a few gay weeks at Florence with a band of queer Europeanised Americans, dancing all night with titled ladies in palaces, and gambling half the day with the rakes and dandies of the fashionable club; but it had all seemed to him, though the greatest fun in the world, as unreal as a carnival.

Harvard - Harvard, Harvarde

rakes - râteaux, râteau

dandies - dandys, dandy, tres bien

unreal - irréel

carnival - carnaval

These queer cosmopolitan women, deep in complicated love-affairs which they appeared to feel the need of retailing to every one they met, and the magnificent young officers and elderly dyed wits who were the subjects or the recipients of their confidences, were too different from the people Archer had grown up among, too much like expensive and rather malodorous hot-house exotics, to detain his imagination long. To introduce his wife into such a society was out of the question; and in the course of his travels no other had shown any marked eagerness for his company.

retailing - le commerce de détail, (retail), vente au détail

dyed - teintée, (se) teindre

wits - l'esprit, esprit

malodorous - malodorant

exotics - exotiques, exotique

Not long after their arrival in London he had run across the Duke of St. Austrey, and the Duke, instantly and cordially recognising him, had said: "Look me up, won't you?""but no proper-spirited American would have considered that a suggestion to be acted on, and the meeting was without a sequel.

cordially - cordialement

sequel - suite

They had even managed to avoid May's English aunt, the banker's wife, who was still in Yorkshire; in fact, they had purposely postponed going to London till the autumn in order that their arrival during the season might not appear pushing and snobbish to these unknown relatives.

Yorkshire - Yorkshire

postponed - reportée, repousser, remettre, reporter, différer

snobbish - snob, snobinard

"Probably there'll be nobody at Mrs. Carfry's"London's a desert at this season, and you've made yourself much too beautiful," Archer said to May, who sat at his side in the hansom so spotlessly splendid in her sky-blue cloak edged with swansdown that it seemed wicked to expose her to the London grime.

Hansom - le fiacre

spotlessly - sans tache

splendid - splendide, fameux

sky-blue - (sky-blue) bleu ciel

grime - de la crasse, crasse, saleté

"I don't want them to think that we dress like savages," she replied, with a scorn that Pocahontas might have resented; and he was struck again by the religious reverence of even the most unworldly American women for the social advantages of dress.

savages - sauvages, barbare, féroce, sauvage

scorn - mépriser, dédaigner, mépris, dédain

resented - s'est fait remarquer, s'offenser de qqch

"It's their armour," he thought, "their defence against the unknown, and their defiance of it." And he understood for the first time the earnestness with which May, who was incapable of tying a ribbon in her hair to charm him, had gone through the solemn rite of selecting and ordering her extensive wardrobe.

defence - la défense, défense

defiance - défiance, défi

earnestness - le sérieux

incapable - incapable

selecting - sélectionnant, sélect, choisir, sélectionner

extensive - étendu

wardrobe - garde-robe, armoire

He had been right in expecting the party at Mrs. Carfry's to be a small one. Besides their hostess and her sister, they found, in the long chilly drawing-room, only another shawled lady, a genial Vicar who was her husband, a silent lad whom Mrs. Carfry named as her nephew, and a small dark gentleman with lively eyes whom she introduced as his tutor, pronouncing a French name as she did so.

shawled - châlé, châle

genial - génial, aimable, chaleureux

Vicar - curé, vicaire

lad - lad, garçon, gars, jeune homme, palefrenier

nephew - neveu

tutor - tuteur, chargé/-e de classe

Into this dimly-lit and dim-featured group May Archer floated like a swan with the sunset on her: she seemed larger, fairer, more voluminously rustling than her husband had ever seen her; and he perceived that the rosiness and rustlingness were the tokens of an extreme and infantile shyness.

swan - cygne

sunset - coucher de soleil, crépuscule

voluminously - volumineux

rosiness - rosé

rustlingness - la rouille

tokens - des jetons, symbole, jeton, symbolique

infantile - infantile

"What on earth will they expect me to talk about?" her helpless eyes implored him, at the very moment that her dazzling apparition was calling forth the same anxiety in their own bosoms. But beauty, even when distrustful of itself, awakens confidence in the manly heart; and the Vicar and the French-named tutor were soon manifesting to May their desire to put her at her ease.

anxiety - l'anxiété, anxiété, inquiétude, angoisse

bosoms - seins, sein, intime

awakens - se réveille, réveiller, se réveiller

manifesting - se manifester, manifeste, bordereau

In spite of their best efforts, however, the dinner was a languishing affair. Archer noticed that his wife's way of showing herself at her ease with foreigners was to become more uncompromisingly local in her references, so that, though her loveliness was an encouragement to admiration, her conversation was a chill to repartee.

languishing - en souffrance, alanguissant, (languish), dépérir

uncompromisingly - sans compromis

loveliness - la beauté, beauté, charme

encouragement - d'encouragement, encouragement

repartee - de la répartie, repartie

The Vicar soon abandoned the struggle; but the tutor, who spoke the most fluent and accomplished English, gallantly continued to pour it out to her until the ladies, to the manifest relief of all concerned, went up to the drawing-room.

Struggle - lutte, lutter, s'efforcer, combattre

fluent - fluide, parler couramment '(be fluent in)'

The Vicar, after a glass of port, was obliged to hurry away to a meeting, and the shy nephew, who appeared to be an invalid, was packed off to bed. But Archer and the tutor continued to sit over their wine, and suddenly Archer found himself talking as he had not done since his last symposium with Ned Winsett.

symposium - symposium

The Carfry nephew, it turned out, had been threatened with consumption, and had had to leave Harrow for Switzerland, where he had spent two years in the milder air of Lake Leman. Being a bookish youth, he had been entrusted to M. Riviere, who had brought him back to England, and was to remain with him till he went up to Oxford the following spring; and M.

threatened - menacé, menacer

consumption - la consommation, consommation

Harrow - herser, herse

Switzerland - la suisse, Suisse

leman - leman

bookish - livresque, bouquineur, rat de bibliotheque, scolaire, pédant

Riviere - riviere

Oxford - oxford

Riviere added with simplicity that he should then have to look out for another job.

It seemed impossible, Archer thought, that he should be long without one, so varied were his interests and so many his gifts. He was a man of about thirty, with a thin ugly face (May would certainly have called him common-looking) to which the play of his ideas gave an intense expressiveness; but there was nothing frivolous or cheap in his animation.

expressiveness - l'expressivité, expressivité

animation - animation, invigoration

His father, who had died young, had filled a small diplomatic post, and it had been intended that the son should follow the same career; but an insatiable taste for letters had thrown the young man into journalism, then into authorship (apparently unsuccessful), and at length"after other experiments and vicissitudes which he spared his listener"into tutoring English youths in Switzerland.

diplomatic - diplomatique

insatiable - insatiable

journalism - le journalisme, journalisme

authorship - la paternité de l'ouvre, paternité

unsuccessful - sans succes

vicissitudes - vicissitudes, vicissitude

tutoring - le tutorat, chargé/-e de classe

Before that, however, he had lived much in Paris, frequented the Goncourt grenier, been advised by Maupassant not to attempt to write (even that seemed to Archer a dazzling honour!), and had often talked with Merimee in his mother's house.

honour - l'honneur, honorer

He had obviously always been desperately poor and anxious (having a mother and an unmarried sister to provide for), and it was apparent that his literary ambitions had failed. His situation, in fact, seemed, materially speaking, no more brilliant than Ned Winsett's; but he had lived in a world in which, as he said, no one who loved ideas need hunger mentally.

materially - matériellement

more brilliant - plus brillant

hunger - la faim, faim

As it was precisely of that love that poor Winsett was starving to death, Archer looked with a sort of vicarious envy at this eager impecunious young man who had fared so richly in his poverty.

Starving - affamés, affamant, (starve), mourir de faim, crever de faim

vicarious - par procuration

envy - l'envie, envie, jalousie, convoitise, envier

impecunious - impécunieux

"You see, Monsieur, it's worth everything, isn't it, to keep one's intellectual liberty, not to enslave one's powers of appreciation, one's critical independence? It was because of that that I abandoned journalism, and took to so much duller work: tutoring and private secretaryship.

enslave - asservir, esclavagiser

appreciation - l'appréciation, appréciation, estimation, évaluation

critical - critique

duller - plus terne, émoussé, ennuyeux, barbant, mat, terne, sot, obtus

secretaryship - secrétariat

There is a good deal of drudgery, of course; but one preserves one's moral freedom, what we call in French one's quant a soi. And when one hears good talk one can join in it without compromising any opinions but one's own; or one can listen, and answer it inwardly. Ah, good conversation"there's nothing like it, is there? The air of ideas is the only air worth breathing.

drudgery - la pénibilité, corvée

preserves - conserves, confiture, conserve, réserve naturelle

And so I have never regretted giving up either diplomacy or journalism"two different forms of the same self-abdication." He fixed his vivid eyes on Archer as he lit another cigarette. "Voyez-vous, Monsieur, to be able to look life in the face: that's worth living in a garret for, isn't it?

abdication - abdication

garret - garret, galetas

But, after all, one must earn enough to pay for the garret; and I confess that to grow old as a private tutor"or a 'private'anything"is almost as chilling to the imagination as a second secretaryship at Bucharest. Sometimes I feel I must make a plunge: an immense plunge. Do you suppose, for instance, there would be any opening for me in America"in New York?"

confess - avouer, confesser

chilling - refroidir, (chill) refroidir

Bucharest - bucarest

plunge - plonger

Archer looked at him with startled eyes. New York, for a young man who had frequented the Goncourts and Flaubert, and who thought the life of ideas the only one worth living! He continued to stare at M. Riviere perplexedly, wondering how to tell him that his very superiorities and advantages would be the surest hindrance to success.

superiorities - supériorités, supériorité

hindrance - entrave, obstacle

"New York"New York"but must it be especially New York?" he stammered, utterly unable to imagine what lucrative opening his native city could offer to a young man to whom good conversation appeared to be the only necessity.

lucrative - lucratif

A sudden flush rose under M. Riviere's sallow skin. "I"I thought it your metropolis: is not the intellectual life more active there?" he rejoined; then, as if fearing to give his hearer the impression of having asked a favour, he went on hastily: "One throws out random suggestions"more to one's self than to others.

sallow - pâle, incolore, pâlot, blafard

metropolis - métropole

hearer - auditeur

throws out - jette

In reality, I see no immediate prospect"" and rising from his seat he added, without a trace of constraint: "But Mrs. Carfry will think that I ought to be taking you upstairs."

constraint - contrainte

During the homeward drive Archer pondered deeply on this episode. His hour with M. Riviere had put new air into his lungs, and his first impulse had been to invite him to dine the next day; but he was beginning to understand why married men did not always immediately yield to their first impulses.

homeward - en direction de la maison

yield - le rendement, rends, produit, rendement, rendons, rendent

impulses - des impulsions, impulsion

"That young tutor is an interesting fellow: we had some awfully good talk after dinner about books and things," he threw out tentatively in the hansom.

tentatively - provisoirement

May roused herself from one of the dreamy silences into which he had read so many meanings before six months of marriage had given him the key to them.

dreamy - reveuse

"The little Frenchman? Wasn't he dreadfully common?" she questioned coldly; and he guessed that she nursed a secret disappointment at having been invited out in London to meet a clergyman and a French tutor. The disappointment was not occasioned by the sentiment ordinarily defined as snobbishness, but by old New York's sense of what was due to it when it risked its dignity in foreign lands.

coldly - froidement

clergyman - ecclésiastique, pretre, clerc

snobbishness - le snobisme, snobisme

If May's parents had entertained the Carfrys in Fifth Avenue they would have offered them something more substantial than a parson and a schoolmaster.

more substantial - plus substantielle

parson - parson, curé, curé paroissial, pasteur

But Archer was on edge, and took her up.

"Common"common WHERE?" he queried; and she returned with unusual readiness: "Why, I should say anywhere but in his school-room. Those people are always awkward in society. But then," she added disarmingly, "I suppose I shouldn't have known if he was clever."

queried - interrogé, question, requete

disarmingly - de façon désarmante

Archer disliked her use of the word "clever" almost as much as her use of the word "common"; but he was beginning to fear his tendency to dwell on the things he disliked in her. After all, her point of view had always been the same. It was that of all the people he had grown up among, and he had always regarded it as necessary but negligible.

dwell - s'attarder, résider, s'appesantir sur

negligible - négligeable

Until a few months ago he had never known a "nice" woman who looked at life differently; and if a man married it must necessarily be among the nice.

"Ah"then I won't ask him to dine!" he concluded with a laugh; and May echoed, bewildered: "Goodness"ask the Carfrys'tutor?"

"Well, not on the same day with the Carfrys, if you prefer I shouldn't. But I did rather want another talk with him. He's looking for a job in New York."

Her surprise increased with her indifference: he almost fancied that she suspected him of being tainted with "foreignness."

tainted - entaché, gâter, corrompre

"A job in New York? What sort of a job? People don't have French tutors: what does he want to do?"

tutors - tuteurs, chargé/-e de classe

"Chiefly to enjoy good conversation, I understand," her husband retorted perversely; and she broke into an appreciative laugh. "Oh, Newland, how funny! Isn't that FRENCH?"

appreciative - appréciant

On the whole, he was glad to have the matter settled for him by her refusing to take seriously his wish to invite M. Riviere. Another after-dinner talk would have made it difficult to avoid the question of New York; and the more Archer considered it the less he was able to fit M. Riviere into any conceivable picture of New York as he knew it.

refusing - refusant, refuser de

He perceived with a flash of chilling insight that in future many problems would be thus negatively solved for him; but as he paid the hansom and followed his wife's long train into the house he took refuge in the comforting platitude that the first six months were always the most difficult in marriage.

insight - de la perspicacité, introspection, perspicacité, aperçu

negatively - négativement

comforting - réconfortant, confort, consoler

platitude - platitude

"After that I suppose we shall have pretty nearly finished rubbing off each other's angles," he reflected; but the worst of it was that May's pressure was already bearing on the very angles whose sharpness he most wanted to keep.

rubbing off - le frottement

sharpness - la netteté, tranchant, fil, finesse, acuité, acidité, netteté


The small bright lawn stretched away smoothly to the big bright sea.

The turf was hemmed with an edge of scarlet geranium and coleus, and cast-iron vases painted in chocolate colour, standing at intervals along the winding path that led to the sea, looped their garlands of petunia and ivy geranium above the neatly raked gravel.

turf - gazon, motte de gazon, hippodrome, champ de courses, gazonner

hemmed - ourlé, ourlet

scarlet - écarlate

geranium - géranium, pélargonium

vases - vases, vase

intervals - intervalles, intervalle

winding - bobinage, (wind) bobinage

garlands - des guirlandes, guirlande, rench: -neededr

ivy - le lierre, lierre

raked - ratissé, râteau

gravel - graviers, gravillons, gravier

Half way between the edge of the cliff and the square wooden house (which was also chocolate-coloured, but with the tin roof of the verandah striped in yellow and brown to represent an awning) two large targets had been placed against a background of shrubbery. On the other side of the lawn, facing the targets, was pitched a real tent, with benches and garden-seats about it.

cliff - falaise, escarpé

striped - rayé, rayure, galon, rayer

shrubbery - des arbustes, fruticée

benches - des bancs, banc

A number of ladies in summer dresses and gentlemen in grey frock-coats and tall hats stood on the lawn or sat upon the benches; and every now and then a slender girl in starched muslin would step from the tent, bow in hand, and speed her shaft at one of the targets, while the spectators interrupted their talk to watch the result.

summer dresses - des robes d'été

starched - amidonné, amidon, rigidité, appret, empois, cati

shaft - arbre, hampe, rachis, cage, entuber

interrupted - interrompu, interrompre, couper

Newland Archer, standing on the verandah of the house, looked curiously down upon this scene. On each side of the shiny painted steps was a large blue china flower-pot on a bright yellow china stand. A spiky green plant filled each pot, and below the verandah ran a wide border of blue hydrangeas edged with more red geraniums.

flower-pot - (flower-pot) pot de fleurs

hydrangeas - des hortensias, hortensia

Behind him, the French windows of the drawing-rooms through which he had passed gave glimpses, between swaying lace curtains, of glassy parquet floors islanded with chintz poufs, dwarf armchairs, and velvet tables covered with trifles in silver.

glimpses - des aperçus, aperçu, entrevoir

swaying - se balancer, (sway), autorité, poids, influence, prépondérance

parquet - parquet

poufs - poufs, pouf

dwarf - nain, naine

The Newport Archery Club always held its August meeting at the Beauforts'. The sport, which had hitherto known no rival but croquet, was beginning to be discarded in favour of lawn-tennis; but the latter game was still considered too rough and inelegant for social occasions, and as an opportunity to show off pretty dresses and graceful attitudes the bow and arrow held their own.

Archery - tir a l'arc, tir a l'arc, archerie

hitherto - jusqu'a présent, jusqu'ici, jusqu'alors, jusqu'a maintenant

rival - rival, rivale, rivaliser

discarded - jeté, rejeter, écarter, défausser

inelegant - inélégant

graceful - gracieux

Archer looked down with wonder at the familiar spectacle. It surprised him that life should be going on in the old way when his own reactions to it had so completely changed. It was Newport that had first brought home to him the extent of the change.

spectacle - spectacle

extent - mesure, étendue

In New York, during the previous winter, after he and May had settled down in the new greenish-yellow house with the bow-window and the Pompeian vestibule, he had dropped back with relief into the old routine of the office, and the renewal of this daily activity had served as a link with his former self.

renewal - renouvellement, renouvelement

Then there had been the pleasurable excitement of choosing a showy grey stepper for May's brougham (the Wellands had given the carriage), and the abiding occupation and interest of arranging his new library, which, in spite of family doubts and disapprovals, had been carried out as he had dreamed, with a dark embossed paper, Eastlake book-cases and "sincere" arm-chairs and tables.

showy - voyante, tape-a-l’oil

abiding - en vie, (abide), endurer, tolérer, supporter, souffrir, rester

disapprovals - désapprobations, désapprobation

At the Century he had found Winsett again, and at the Knickerbocker the fashionable young men of his own set; and what with the hours dedicated to the law and those given to dining out or entertaining friends at home, with an occasional evening at the Opera or the play, the life he was living had still seemed a fairly real and inevitable sort of business.

Knickerbocker - Knickerbocker

inevitable - inévitable

But Newport represented the escape from duty into an atmosphere of unmitigated holiday-making.

unmitigated - non atténué

Archer had tried to persuade May to spend the summer on a remote island off the coast of Maine (called, appropriately enough, Mount Desert), where a few hardy Bostonians and Philadelphians were camping in "native" cottages, and whence came reports of enchanting scenery and a wild, almost trapper-like existence amid woods and waters.

hardy - robuste, rustique

Bostonians - les bostoniens, Bostonien

whence - pourquoi, d'ou

trapper - trappeur

amid - amid, au milieu de, parmi, entre

But the Wellands always went to Newport, where they owned one of the square boxes on the cliffs, and their son-in-law could adduce no good reason why he and May should not join them there. As Mrs.

cliffs - falaises, falaise

adduce - alléguer

Welland rather tartly pointed out, it was hardly worth while for May to have worn herself out trying on summer clothes in Paris if she was not to be allowed to wear them; and this argument was of a kind to which Archer had as yet found no answer.

tartly - avec amertume

trying on - en train d'essayer

summer clothes - des vetements d'été

May herself could not understand his obscure reluctance to fall in with so reasonable and pleasant a way of spending the summer. She reminded him that he had always liked Newport in his bachelor days, and as this was indisputable he could only profess that he was sure he was going to like it better than ever now that they were to be there together.

reasonable - raisonnable

bachelor - célibataire, licence

indisputable - indiscutable

But as he stood on the Beaufort verandah and looked out on the brightly peopled lawn it came home to him with a shiver that he was not going to like it at all.

brightly - brillante, clairement, précisément

It was not May's fault, poor dear. If, now and then, during their travels, they had fallen slightly out of step, harmony had been restored by their return to the conditions she was used to. He had always foreseen that she would not disappoint him; and he had been right.

disappoint - décevoir, désappointer

He had married (as most young men did) because he had met a perfectly charming girl at the moment when a series of rather aimless sentimental adventures were ending in premature disgust; and she had represented peace, stability, comradeship, and the steadying sense of an unescapable duty.

charming girl - une fille charmante

stability - stabilité

steadying - stabiliser, lisse, régulier

unescapable - incontournable

He could not say that he had been mistaken in his choice, for she had fulfilled all that he had expected. It was undoubtedly gratifying to be the husband of one of the handsomest and most popular young married women in New York, especially when she was also one of the sweetest-tempered and most reasonable of wives; and Archer had never been insensible to such advantages.

gratifying - gratifiante, gratifier

most reasonable - le plus raisonnable

As for the momentary madness which had fallen upon him on the eve of his marriage, he had trained himself to regard it as the last of his discarded experiments. The idea that he could ever, in his senses, have dreamed of marrying the Countess Olenska had become almost unthinkable, and she remained in his memory simply as the most plaintive and poignant of a line of ghosts.

eve - veille

But all these abstractions and eliminations made of his mind a rather empty and echoing place, and he supposed that was one of the reasons why the busy animated people on the Beaufort lawn shocked him as if they had been children playing in a grave-yard.

abstractions - abstractions, abstraction

eliminations - éliminations, élimination

echoing - l'écho, écho

He heard a murmur of skirts beside him, and the Marchioness Manson fluttered out of the drawing-room window. As usual, she was extraordinarily festooned and bedizened, with a limp Leghorn hat anchored to her head by many windings of faded gauze, and a little black velvet parasol on a carved ivory handle absurdly balanced over her much larger hatbrim.

festooned - festonné, feston, guirlande

limp - boiteux, boitez, boitent, boitons, boiter

Leghorn - leghorn

anchored - ancré, ancre

parasol - ombrelle, parasol

hatbrim - hatbrim

"My dear Newland, I had no idea that you and May had arrived! You yourself came only yesterday, you say? Ah, business"business"professional duties ... I understand. Many husbands, I know, find it impossible to join their wives here except for the week-end." She cocked her head on one side and languished at him through screwed-up eyes.

only yesterday - Hier seulement

cocked - armé, oiseau mâle, coq

languished - languissait, dépérir, se cachectiser, se rabougrir

"But marriage is one long sacrifice, as I used often to remind my Ellen""

Archer's heart stopped with the queer jerk which it had given once before, and which seemed suddenly to slam a door between himself and the outer world; but this break of continuity must have been of the briefest, for he presently heard Medora answering a question he had apparently found voice to put.

jerk - con, par secousse, soubresaut

slam - slam, claquer

continuity - continuité

briefest - le plus bref, bref, court

"No, I am not staying here, but with the Blenkers, in their delicious solitude at Portsmouth. Beaufort was kind enough to send his famous trotters for me this morning, so that I might have at least a glimpse of one of Regina's garden-parties; but this evening I go back to rural life.

rural - rural

The Blenkers, dear original beings, have hired a primitive old farm-house at Portsmouth where they gather about them representative people ..." She drooped slightly beneath her protecting brim, and added with a faint blush: "This week Dr. Agathon Carver is holding a series of Inner Thought meetings there.

farm-house - (farm-house) une maison de ferme

A contrast indeed to this gay scene of worldly pleasure"but then I have always lived on contrasts! To me the only death is monotony. I always say to Ellen: Beware of monotony; it's the mother of all the deadly sins. But my poor child is going through a phase of exaltation, of abhorrence of the world.

monotony - monotonie

Beware - méfiez-vous !, faire attention

deadly - mortelle, mortel, fatal, létal

sins - péchés, péché, mal

You know, I suppose, that she has declined all invitations to stay at Newport, even with her grandmother Mingott? I could hardly persuade her to come with me to the Blenkers', if you will believe it! The life she leads is morbid, unnatural. Ah, if she had only listened to me when it was still possible ... When the door was still open ... But shall we go down and watch this absorbing match?

I hear your May is one of the competitors."

Strolling toward them from the tent Beaufort advanced over the lawn, tall, heavy, too tightly buttoned into a London frock-coat, with one of his own orchids in its buttonhole. Archer, who had not seen him for two or three months, was struck by the change in his appearance.

tightly - étanche, fermement

In the hot summer light his floridness seemed heavy and bloated, and but for his erect square-shouldered walk he would have looked like an over-fed and over-dressed old man.

floridness - floridité

bloated - gonflé, gonfler, météoriser, bouffir, boursoufler

erect - en érection, fonder, érigeons, érigent, érigez, arborer, ériger

There were all sorts of rumours afloat about Beaufort. In the spring he had gone off on a long cruise to the West Indies in his new steam-yacht, and it was reported that, at various points where he had touched, a lady resembling Miss Fanny Ring had been seen in his company.

afloat - a flot, a flot

cruise - croisiere, croiser

Steam - vapeur d'eau, vapeur

The steam-yacht, built in the Clyde, and fitted with tiled bath-rooms and other unheard-of luxuries, was said to have cost him half a million; and the pearl necklace which he had presented to his wife on his return was as magnificent as such expiatory offerings are apt to be.

unheard - non entendue

necklace - collier, supplice du pneu

expiatory - expiatoire

offerings - offres, offre, offrande

apt - apt, doué

Beaufort's fortune was substantial enough to stand the strain; and yet the disquieting rumours persisted, not only in Fifth Avenue but in Wall Street.

substantial - substantielle, substantiel

strain - souche, accablement

persisted - persisté, persister

Some people said he had speculated unfortunately in railways, others that he was being bled by one of the most insatiable members of her profession; and to every report of threatened insolvency Beaufort replied by a fresh extravagance: the building of a new row of orchid-houses, the purchase of a new string of race-horses, or the addition of a new Meissonnier or Cabanel to his picture-gallery.

bled - bled, saigner, purger, prélever, fond perdu

most insatiable - le plus insatiable

insolvency - l'insolvabilité, insolvabilité

Orchid - orchidée

purchase - l'achat, achat, acquisition, acheter, acquérir

picture-gallery - (picture-gallery) galerie de photos

He advanced toward the Marchioness and Newland with his usual half-sneering smile. "Hullo, Medora! Did the trotters do their business? Forty minutes, eh? ... Well, that's not so bad, considering your nerves had to be spared." He shook hands with Archer, and then, turning back with them, placed himself on Mrs.

Hullo - bonjour, salut !

eh - eh

Manson's other side, and said, in a low voice, a few words which their companion did not catch.

The Marchioness replied by one of her queer foreign jerks, and a "Que voulez-vous?" which deepened Beaufort's frown; but he produced a good semblance of a congratulatory smile as he glanced at Archer to say: "You know May's going to carry off the first prize."

jerks - des abrutis, secousse

congratulatory - de félicitations

first prize - le premier prix

"Ah, then it remains in the family," Medora rippled; and at that moment they reached the tent and Mrs. Beaufort met them in a girlish cloud of mauve muslin and floating veils.

rippled - ondulé, ondulation

girlish - féminin, fille

mauve - mauve

veils - des voiles, voile, voiler

May Welland was just coming out of the tent. In her white dress, with a pale green ribbon about the waist and a wreath of ivy on her hat, she had the same Diana-like aloofness as when she had entered the Beaufort ball-room on the night of her engagement.

aloofness - l'éloignement

In the interval not a thought seemed to have passed behind her eyes or a feeling through her heart; and though her husband knew that she had the capacity for both he marvelled afresh at the way in which experience dropped away from her.

capacity - capacité

marvelled - émerveillé, etre

afresh - nouveau, a nouveau

She had her bow and arrow in her hand, and placing herself on the chalk-mark traced on the turf she lifted the bow to her shoulder and took aim. The attitude was so full of a classic grace that a murmur of appreciation followed her appearance, and Archer felt the glow of proprietorship that so often cheated him into momentary well-being. Her rivals"Mrs.

chalk - craie, magnésie

traced - tracé, trace

classic - classique

proprietorship - l'entreprise individuelle

Reggie Chivers, the Merry girls, and divers rosy Thorleys, Dagonets and Mingotts, stood behind her in a lovely anxious group, brown heads and golden bent above the scores, and pale muslins and flower-wreathed hats mingled in a tender rainbow.

divers - des plongeurs, plongeur, plongeuse

wreathed - couronné, couronne, guirlande, tortil

rainbow - arc-en-ciel, iridescent, checkmulticolore, polychromer

All were young and pretty, and bathed in summer bloom; but not one had the nymph-like ease of his wife, when, with tense muscles and happy frown, she bent her soul upon some feat of strength.

nymph - nymphe

tense - tendu

feat - feat, fait

"Gad," Archer heard Lawrence Lefferts say, "not one of the lot holds the bow as she does"; and Beaufort retorted: "Yes; but that's the only kind of target she'll ever hit."

Gad - gad, vadrouiller

Archer felt irrationally angry. His host's contemptuous tribute to May's "niceness" was just what a husband should have wished to hear said of his wife. The fact that a coarseminded man found her lacking in attraction was simply another proof of her quality; yet the words sent a faint shiver through his heart.

irrationally - de façon irrationnelle

contemptuous - méprisante, méprisant, dédaigneux, contempteur

tribute - hommage, tribut

niceness - la gentillesse

coarseminded - grossiereté

What if "niceness" carried to that supreme degree were only a negation, the curtain dropped before an emptiness? As he looked at May, returning flushed and calm from her final bull's-eye, he had the feeling that he had never yet lifted that curtain.

supreme - supreme, supreme

negation - la négation, négation

Bull - le taureau, taureau

She took the congratulations of her rivals and of the rest of the company with the simplicity that was her crowning grace. No one could ever be jealous of her triumphs because she managed to give the feeling that she would have been just as serene if she had missed them. But when her eyes met her husband's her face glowed with the pleasure she saw in his.

jealous - jaloux, jalouse, envieux, rench:

triumphs - triomphes, triomphe

Mrs. Welland's basket-work pony-carriage was waiting for them, and they drove off among the dispersing carriages, May handling the reins and Archer sitting at her side.

pony - poney

dispersing - la dispersion, disperser, qualifier

handling - maniement, manipulation, maniant

reins - les renes, rene

The afternoon sunlight still lingered upon the bright lawns and shrubberies, and up and down Bellevue Avenue rolled a double line of victorias, dog-carts, landaus and "vis-a-vis," carrying well-dressed ladies and gentlemen away from the Beaufort garden-party, or homeward from their daily afternoon turn along the Ocean Drive.

shrubberies - des arbustes, fruticée

victorias - victorias, Victoria, Victoire

carts - chariots, charrette

"Shall we go to see Granny?" May suddenly proposed. "I should like to tell her myself that I've won the prize. There's lots of time before dinner."

Archer acquiesced, and she turned the ponies down Narragansett Avenue, crossed Spring Street and drove out toward the rocky moorland beyond. In this unfashionable region Catherine the Great, always indifferent to precedent and thrifty of purse, had built herself in her youth a many-peaked and cross-beamed cottage-orne on a bit of cheap land overlooking the bay.

ponies - poneys, poney

Narragansett - Narragansett

Rocky - rocheux, rocheuxse

moorland - la lande, lande, bruyere, brande

unfashionable - démodé

precedent - précédent, décision de principe

peaked - en crete, pic

overlooking - en surplomb, vue, panorama, surplomber, négliger, louper

Here, in a thicket of stunted oaks, her verandahs spread themselves above the island-dotted waters.

thicket - fourré, maquis

stunted - rabougri, arreter la croissance

oaks - chenes, chene, chenes-p

verandahs - vérandas, véranda

dotted - en pointillés, point

A winding drive led up between iron stags and blue glass balls embedded in mounds of geraniums to a front door of highly-varnished walnut under a striped verandah-roof; and behind it ran a narrow hall with a black and yellow star-patterned parquet floor, upon which opened four small square rooms with heavy flock-papers under ceilings on which an Italian house-painter had lavished all the divinities of Olympus. One of these rooms had been turned into a bedroom by Mrs. Mingott when the burden of flesh descended on her, and in the adjoining one she spent her days, enthroned in a large armchair between the open door and window, and perpetually waving a palm-leaf fan which the prodigious projection of her bosom kept so far from the rest of her person that the air it set in motion stirred only the fringe of the anti-macassars on the chair-arms.

stags - des cerfs, cerf, bouf

embedded - intégré, insérer, encastrer, incruster, plonger dans

flock - troupeau

divinities - divinités, déité, divinité

Olympus - l'olympe, Olympe

adjoining - adjacente, adjoindre, toucher

perpetually - perpétuellement

palm - palmier, paume

motion - mouvement, motion

fringe - marginale, frange, périphérie, radicaux

macassars - macassars

Since she had been the means of hastening his marriage old Catherine had shown to Archer the cordiality which a service rendered excites toward the person served.

hastening - se hâter, dépecher

She was persuaded that irrepressible passion was the cause of his impatience; and being an ardent admirer of impulsiveness (when it did not lead to the spending of money) she always received him with a genial twinkle of complicity and a play of allusion to which May seemed fortunately impervious.

irrepressible - irrépressible

ardent - ardent, gloss

impulsiveness - l'impulsivité, impulsivité

Twinkle - twinkle, briller, cligner, virevolter

complicity - complicité

impervious - imperméable

She examined and appraised with much interest the diamond-tipped arrow which had been pinned on May's bosom at the conclusion of the match, remarking that in her day a filigree brooch would have been thought enough, but that there was no denying that Beaufort did things handsomely.

appraised - évalué, évaluer

remarking - remarque

filigree - filigrane, filigraner

brooch - broche

denying - refusant, nier, démentir, refuser

"Quite an heirloom, in fact, my dear," the old lady chuckled. "You must leave it in fee to your eldest girl." She pinched May's white arm and watched the colour flood her face. "Well, well, what have I said to make you shake out the red flag? Ain't there going to be any daughters"only boys, eh? good gracious, look at her blushing again all over her blushes! What"can't I say that either?

heirloom - héritage, patrimoine

chuckled - ricané, glousser

fee - frais, honoraires, tarif

shake out - secouer

good gracious - bon dieu

Mercy me"when my children beg me to have all those gods and goddesses painted out overhead I always say I'm too thankful to have somebody about me that NOTHING can shock!"

goddesses - déesses, déesse

Archer burst into a laugh, and May echoed it, crimson to the eyes.

"Well, now tell me all about the party, please, my dears, for I shall never get a straight word about it out of that silly Medora," the ancestress continued; and, as May exclaimed: "Cousin Medora? But I thought she was going back to Portsmouth?" she answered placidly: "So she is"but she's got to come here first to pick up Ellen. Ah"you didn't know Ellen had come to spend the day with me?

Such fol-de-rol, her not coming for the summer; but I gave up arguing with young people about fifty years ago. Ellen"ELLEN!" she cried in her shrill old voice, trying to bend forward far enough to catch a glimpse of the lawn beyond the verandah.

bend forward - se pencher en avant

There was no answer, and Mrs. Mingott rapped impatiently with her stick on the shiny floor. A mulatto maid-servant in a bright turban, replying to the summons, informed her mistress that she had seen "Miss Ellen" going down the path to the shore; and Mrs. Mingott turned to Archer.

stick on - coller

mulatto - mulâtre, mulâtresse

turban - turban

shore - rivage, riverain, parages, bord, rive, borde

"Run down and fetch her, like a good grandson; this pretty lady will describe the party to me," she said; and Archer stood up as if in a dream.

He had heard the Countess Olenska's name pronounced often enough during the year and a half since they had last met, and was even familiar with the main incidents of her life in the interval.

He knew that she had spent the previous summer at Newport, where she appeared to have gone a great deal into society, but that in the autumn she had suddenly sub-let the "perfect house" which Beaufort had been at such pains to find for her, and decided to establish herself in Washington.

establish - affermir, établir

There, during the winter, he had heard of her (as one always heard of pretty women in Washington) as shining in the "brilliant diplomatic society" that was supposed to make up for the social short-comings of the Administration.

administration - l'administration, administration

He had listened to these accounts, and to various contradictory reports on her appearance, her conversation, her point of view and her choice of friends, with the detachment with which one listens to reminiscences of some one long since dead; not till Medora suddenly spoke her name at the archery match had Ellen Olenska become a living presence to him again.

contradictory - contradictoire

reminiscences - des réminiscences, réminiscence

The Marchioness's foolish lisp had called up a vision of the little fire-lit drawing-room and the sound of the carriage-wheels returning down the deserted street. He thought of a story he had read, of some peasant children in Tuscany lighting a bunch of straw in a wayside cavern, and revealing old silent images in their painted tomb ...

lisp - lisp, zézaiement, zozotement, susseyement, sesseyement

Tuscany - la toscane, Toscane

cavern - caverne, grotte

tomb - tombe, tombeau

The way to the shore descended from the bank on which the house was perched to a walk above the water planted with weeping willows. Through their veil Archer caught the glint of the Lime Rock, with its white-washed turret and the tiny house in which the heroic light-house keeper, Ida Lewis, was living her last venerable years.

bank on - Miser sur

perched - perché, perchoir

willows - des saules, saule

lime - chaux, calcaire

turret - tourelle

heroic - héroique, héroique

Beyond it lay the flat reaches and ugly government chimneys of Goat Island, the bay spreading northward in a shimmer of gold to Prudence Island with its low growth of oaks, and the shores of Conanicut faint in the sunset haze.

chimneys - les cheminées, cheminée

goat - chevre, chevre, bouc, bique

shimmer - chatoiement, miroiter

shores - rivages, rivage

haze - brume, chicaner, fumées

From the willow walk projected a slight wooden pier ending in a sort of pagoda-like summer-house; and in the pagoda a lady stood, leaning against the rail, her back to the shore. Archer stopped at the sight as if he had waked from sleep. That vision of the past was a dream, and the reality was what awaited him in the house on the bank overhead: was Mrs.

willow - le saule, saule

pier - quai, jetée, ponton, pile, pilier

pagoda - pagode

summer-house - (summer-house) maison d'été

rail - ferroviaire, rail

Welland's pony-carriage circling around and around the oval at the door, was May sitting under the shameless Olympians and glowing with secret hopes, was the Welland villa at the far end of Bellevue Avenue, and Mr.

shameless - effronté, éhonté, sans scrupules, sans vergogne

glowing - rayonnante, briller, luire, irradier, lueur

Welland, already dressed for dinner, and pacing the drawing-room floor, watch in hand, with dyspeptic impatience"for it was one of the houses in which one always knew exactly what is happening at a given hour.

dyspeptic - dyspeptique, nauséabond, irritable, morose

"What am I? A son-in-law"" Archer thought.

The figure at the end of the pier had not moved. For a long moment the young man stood half way down the bank, gazing at the bay furrowed with the coming and going of sailboats, yacht-launches, fishing-craft and the trailing black coal-barges hauled by noisy tugs. The lady in the summer-house seemed to be held by the same sight.

sailboats - les voiliers, cotre, voilier

launches - lancements, lancer

craft - l'artisanat, ruse, métier, nef

barges - barges, chaland

hauled - transporté, haler, trainer, butin, magot

tugs - des remorqueurs, tirer, remorquer, tirement

Beyond the grey bastions of Fort Adams a long-drawn sunset was splintering up into a thousand fires, and the radiance caught the sail of a catboat as it beat out through the channel between the Lime Rock and the shore. Archer, as he watched, remembered the scene in the Shaughraun, and Montague lifting Ada Dyas's ribbon to his lips without her knowing that he was in the room.

bastions - bastions, bastion

fort - fort

Adams - adams, Adam

"She doesn't know"she hasn't guessed. Shouldn't I know if she came up behind me, I wonder?" he mused; and suddenly he said to himself: "If she doesn't turn before that sail crosses the Lime Rock light I'll go back."

The boat was gliding out on the receding tide. It slid before the Lime Rock, blotted out Ida Lewis's little house, and passed across the turret in which the light was hung. Archer waited till a wide space of water sparkled between the last reef of the island and the stern of the boat; but still the figure in the summer-house did not move.

tide - marée, marées, reflux

slid - glissée, (slide), glisser, déraper, toboggan, glissoire

blotted out - effacé

sparkled - étincelait, étincellement

reef - récif, écueil

stern - sévere, poupe

He turned and walked up the hill.

"I'm sorry you didn't find Ellen"I should have liked to see her again," May said as they drove home through the dusk. "But perhaps she wouldn't have cared"she seems so changed."

"Changed?" echoed her husband in a colourless voice, his eyes fixed on the ponies'twitching ears.

colourless - sans couleur, incolore

twitching - twitching, (twitch) twitching

"So indifferent to her friends, I mean; giving up New York and her house, and spending her time with such queer people. Fancy how hideously uncomfortable she must be at the Blenkers'! She says she does it to keep cousin Medora out of mischief: to prevent her marrying dreadful people. But I sometimes think we've always bored her."

mischief - méfaits, espieglerie, betise, polissonnerie, méfait

Archer made no answer, and she continued, with a tinge of hardness that he had never before noticed in her frank fresh voice: "After all, I wonder if she wouldn't be happier with her husband."

tinge - teinte, touche, nuance, teindre

He burst into a laugh. "Sancta simplicitas!" he exclaimed; and as she turned a puzzled frown on him he added: "I don't think I ever heard you say a cruel thing before."


"Well"watching the contortions of the damned is supposed to be a favourite sport of the angels; but I believe even they don't think people happier in hell."

contortions - des contorsions, contorsion

angels - anges, ange

"It's a pity she ever married abroad then," said May, in the placid tone with which her mother met Mr. Welland's vagaries; and Archer felt himself gently relegated to the category of unreasonable husbands.

vagaries - vagabondage, extravagance, caprice

relegated - relégué, reléguer

They drove down Bellevue Avenue and turned in between the chamfered wooden gate-posts surmounted by cast-iron lamps which marked the approach to the Welland villa.

chamfered - chanfreiné, chanfrein, champfrain, chanfreiner

Lights were already shining through its windows, and Archer, as the carriage stopped, caught a glimpse of his father-in-law, exactly as he had pictured him, pacing the drawing-room, watch in hand and wearing the pained expression that he had long since found to be much more efficacious than anger.

efficacious - efficace

The young man, as he followed his wife into the hall, was conscious of a curious reversal of mood. There was something about the luxury of the Welland house and the density of the Welland atmosphere, so charged with minute observances and exactions, that always stole into his system like a narcotic.

reversal - renversement

density - masse volumique, densité

narcotic - narcotique

The heavy carpets, the watchful servants, the perpetually reminding tick of disciplined clocks, the perpetually renewed stack of cards and invitations on the hall table, the whole chain of tyrannical trifles binding one hour to the next, and each member of the household to all the others, made any less systematised and affluent existence seem unreal and precarious.

tick - tique, tic tac

disciplined - discipliné, discipline, pénalité

renewed - renouvelée, renouveler

stack - pile, empiler

tyrannical - tyrannique

binding - contraignante, contraignant, reliure, liaison, (bind), lier

affluent - aisés, richard, abondant, riche, affluent

precarious - précaire

But now it was the Welland house, and the life he was expected to lead in it, that had become unreal and irrelevant, and the brief scene on the shore, when he had stood irresolute, halfway down the bank, was as close to him as the blood in his veins.

irresolute - irrésolu

halfway - a mi-chemin, mi-chemin

veins - veines, veine

All night he lay awake in the big chintz bedroom at May's side, watching the moonlight slant along the carpet, and thinking of Ellen Olenska driving home across the gleaming beaches behind Beaufort's trotters.

awake - éveillé, (se) réveiller, (s')éveiller

moonlight - le clair de lune, clair de lune, travailler au noir

gleaming - étincelante, brillant, (gleam) étincelante


"A party for the Blenkers"the Blenkers?"

Mr. Welland laid down his knife and fork and looked anxiously and incredulously across the luncheon-table at his wife, who, adjusting her gold eye-glasses, read aloud, in the tone of high comedy:

anxiously - avec anxiété, anxieusement

adjusting - l'adaptation, ajuster

"Professor and Mrs. Emerson Sillerton request the pleasure of Mr. and Mrs. Welland's company at the meeting of the Wednesday Afternoon Club on August 25th at 3 o'clock punctually. To meet Mrs. and the Misses Blenker.

"Red Gables, Catherine Street. R. S. V. P."

gables - pignons, pignon

"Good gracious"" Mr. Welland gasped, as if a second reading had been necessary to bring the monstrous absurdity of the thing home to him.

gasped - haletant, retenir son souffle, haleter, ahaner, haletement

"Poor Amy Sillerton"you never can tell what her husband will do next," Mrs. Welland sighed. "I suppose he's just discovered the Blenkers."

Professor Emerson Sillerton was a thorn in the side of Newport society; and a thorn that could not be plucked out, for it grew on a venerable and venerated family tree. He was, as people said, a man who had had "every advantage." His father was Sillerton Jackson's uncle, his mother a Pennilow of Boston; on each side there was wealth and position, and mutual suitability. Nothing"as Mrs.

thorn - épine, thorn

venerated - vénéré, vénérer

Boston - boston

wealth - la richesse, richesse, profusion, abondance, checkfortune

Welland had often remarked"nothing on earth obliged Emerson Sillerton to be an archaeologist, or indeed a Professor of any sort, or to live in Newport in winter, or do any of the other revolutionary things that he did.

archaeologist - archéologue, archéologiste

But at least, if he was going to break with tradition and flout society in the face, he need not have married poor Amy Dagonet, who had a right to expect "something different," and money enough to keep her own carriage.

No one in the Mingott set could understand why Amy Sillerton had submitted so tamely to the eccentricities of a husband who filled the house with long-haired men and short-haired women, and, when he travelled, took her to explore tombs in Yucatan instead of going to Paris or Italy.

tamely - d'apprivoisement

tombs - tombes, tombe, tombeau

Yucatan - Le Yucatan

But there they were, set in their ways, and apparently unaware that they were different from other people; and when they gave one of their dreary annual garden-parties every family on the Cliffs, because of the Sillerton-Pennilow-Dagonet connection, had to draw lots and send an unwilling representative.

dreary - lugubre, terne, insipide, maussade

"It's a wonder," Mrs. Welland remarked, "that they didn't choose the Cup Race day! Do you remember, two years ago, their giving a party for a black man on the day of Julia Mingott's the dansant? Luckily this time there's nothing else going on that I know of"for of course some of us will have to go."

Mr. Welland sighed nervously. "'Some of us,'my dear"more than one? Three o'clock is such a very awkward hour. I have to be here at half-past three to take my drops: it's really no use trying to follow Bencomb's new treatment if I don't do it systematically; and if I join you later, of course I shall miss my drive.

don't do it - ne le font pas

systematically - systématiquement

" At the thought he laid down his knife and fork again, and a flush of anxiety rose to his finely-wrinkled cheek.

finely - finement

wrinkled - ridé, ride

"There's no reason why you should go at all, my dear," his wife answered with a cheerfulness that had become automatic. "I have some cards to leave at the other end of Bellevue Avenue, and I'll drop in at about half-past three and stay long enough to make poor Amy feel that she hasn't been slighted." She glanced hesitatingly at her daughter.

cheerfulness - gaieté

automatic - automatique, semi-automatique

slighted - lésé, insignifiant, léger

hesitatingly - avec hésitation

"And if Newland's afternoon is provided for perhaps May can drive you out with the ponies, and try their new russet harness."

harness - harnais, harnacher

It was a principle in the Welland family that people's days and hours should be what Mrs. Welland called "provided for." The melancholy possibility of having to "kill time" (especially for those who did not care for whist or solitaire) was a vision that haunted her as the spectre of the unemployed haunts the philanthropist.

kill time - tuer le temps

solitaire - Solitaire, dronte de Rodriguez, solitaire de Rodriguez

haunted - hanté, hanter, demeurer, point de rencontre

haunts - hunts, hanter, demeurer, point de rencontre

philanthropist - philanthrope

Another of her principles was that parents should never (at least visibly) interfere with the plans of their married children; and the difficulty of adjusting this respect for May's independence with the exigency of Mr. Welland's claims could be overcome only by the exercise of an ingenuity which left not a second of Mrs. Welland's own time unprovided for.

overcome - vaincre, surmonter, envahir

ingenuity - l'ingéniosité, ingéniosité

"Of course I'll drive with Papa"I'm sure Newland will find something to do," May said, in a tone that gently reminded her husband of his lack of response. It was a cause of constant distress to Mrs. Welland that her son-in-law showed so little foresight in planning his days.

distress - la détresse, détresse

foresight - la prévoyance, clairvoyance, prévoyance, prescience

Often already, during the fortnight that he had passed under her roof, when she enquired how he meant to spend his afternoon, he had answered paradoxically: "Oh, I think for a change I'll just save it instead of spending it"" and once, when she and May had had to go on a long-postponed round of afternoon calls, he had confessed to having lain all the afternoon under a rock on the beach below the house.

paradoxically - paradoxalement

"Newland never seems to look ahead," Mrs. Welland once ventured to complain to her daughter; and May answered serenely: "No; but you see it doesn't matter, because when there's nothing particular to do he reads a book."

serenely - sereinement

"Ah, yes"like his father!" Mrs. Welland agreed, as if allowing for an inherited oddity; and after that the question of Newland's unemployment was tacitly dropped.

oddity - bizarrerie, excentricité

tacitly - tacitement

Nevertheless, as the day for the Sillerton reception approached, May began to show a natural solicitude for his welfare, and to suggest a tennis match at the Chiverses', or a sail on Julius Beaufort's cutter, as a means of atoning for her temporary desertion.

solicitude - sollicitude

welfare - l'aide sociale, bien-etre, aide sociale

tennis match - match de tennis

atoning - l'expiation, expier

temporary - temporaire, provisoire, intérimaire

desertion - désertion

"I shall be back by six, you know, dear: Papa never drives later than that"" and she was not reassured till Archer said that he thought of hiring a run-about and driving up the island to a stud-farm to look at a second horse for her brougham.

stud - l'étalon, écurie

They had been looking for this horse for some time, and the suggestion was so acceptable that May glanced at her mother as if to say: "You see he knows how to plan out his time as well as any of us."

acceptable - acceptable

The idea of the stud-farm and the brougham horse had germinated in Archer's mind on the very day when the Emerson Sillerton invitation had first been mentioned; but he had kept it to himself as if there were something clandestine in the plan, and discovery might prevent its execution.

He had, however, taken the precaution to engage in advance a runabout with a pair of old livery-stable trotters that could still do their eighteen miles on level roads; and at two o'clock, hastily deserting the luncheon-table, he sprang into the light carriage and drove off.

precaution - précaution

engage - s'engager, attirer l'attention, engager, embrayer

runabout - runabout

The day was perfect. A breeze from the north drove little puffs of white cloud across an ultramarine sky, with a bright sea running under it. Bellevue Avenue was empty at that hour, and after dropping the stable-lad at the corner of Mill Street Archer turned down the Old Beach Road and drove across Eastman's Beach.

breeze - brise

puffs - bouffées, souffle, bouffée

ultramarine - ultramarine, ultramarin, outremer

Mill - moulin, bahut, moulons, mouds, moulez, moulent

He had the feeling of unexplained excitement with which, on half-holidays at school, he used to start off into the unknown. Taking his pair at an easy gait, he counted on reaching the stud-farm, which was not far beyond Paradise Rocks, before three o'clock; so that, after looking over the horse (and trying him if he seemed promising) he would still have four golden hours to dispose of.

paradise - le paradis, paradis, cieux

golden hours - Heures dorées

dispose - débarrasser

As soon as he heard of the Sillerton's party he had said to himself that the Marchioness Manson would certainly come to Newport with the Blenkers, and that Madame Olenska might again take the opportunity of spending the day with her grandmother. At any rate, the Blenker habitation would probably be deserted, and he would be able, without indiscretion, to satisfy a vague curiosity concerning it.

indiscretion - indiscrétion

satisfy - satisfaire

He was not sure that he wanted to see the Countess Olenska again; but ever since he had looked at her from the path above the bay he had wanted, irrationally and indescribably, to see the place she was living in, and to follow the movements of her imagined figure as he had watched the real one in the summer-house.

indescribably - de maniere indescriptible

The longing was with him day and night, an incessant undefinable craving, like the sudden whim of a sick man for food or drink once tasted and long since forgotten. He could not see beyond the craving, or picture what it might lead to, for he was not conscious of any wish to speak to Madame Olenska or to hear her voice.

incessant - incessant

undefinable - indéfinissable

craving - envie, (crave), souhaiter, désirer, implorer

whim - caprice

He simply felt that if he could carry away the vision of the spot of earth she walked on, and the way the sky and sea enclosed it, the rest of the world might seem less empty.

carry away - emporter

When he reached the stud-farm a glance showed him that the horse was not what he wanted; nevertheless he took a turn behind it in order to prove to himself that he was not in a hurry. But at three o'clock he shook out the reins over the trotters and turned into the by-roads leading to Portsmouth.

The wind had dropped and a faint haze on the horizon showed that a fog was waiting to steal up the Saconnet on the turn of the tide; but all about him fields and woods were steeped in golden light.

steeped - trempé, escarpé, raide

He drove past grey-shingled farm-houses in orchards, past hay-fields and groves of oak, past villages with white steeples rising sharply into the fading sky; and at last, after stopping to ask the way of some men at work in a field, he turned down a lane between high banks of goldenrod and brambles.

shingled - bardeaux, (gros) cailloux

orchards - vergers, verger, arbre fruitier

Hay - foin

groves - bosquets, bosquet

oak - chene, chene, chenes

steeples - les clochers, clocher

ask the way - demander le chemin

lane - chemin

goldenrod - la verge d'or, verge d'or

At the end of the lane was the blue glimmer of the river; to the left, standing in front of a clump of oaks and maples, he saw a long tumble-down house with white paint peeling from its clapboards.

glimmer - l'éclat, lueur, émettre une lueur

clump - amas, touffe, massif

maples - les érables, érable

On the road-side facing the gateway stood one of the open sheds in which the New Englander shelters his farming implements and visitors "hitch" their "teams." Archer, jumping down, led his pair into the shed, and after tying them to a post turned toward the house.

gateway - porte, passerelle, gateway, checkpasserelle

sheds - hangars, remise

Englander - Anglais

shelters - les refuges, abri, refuge, abriter

implements - met en ouvre, instrument, appliquer, exécuter, établir

Hitch - l'attelage, noud d'accroche, dispositif d'attelage, accroc

The patch of lawn before it had relapsed into a hay-field; but to the left an overgrown box-garden full of dahlias and rusty rose-bushes encircled a ghostly summer-house of trellis-work that had once been white, surmounted by a wooden Cupid who had lost his bow and arrow but continued to take ineffectual aim.

patch - patch, rapiécer

relapsed - rechute, rechuter

dahlias - dahlias, dahlia

bushes - buissons, buisson

encircled - encerclé, encercler

trellis - treillis, treillage, espalier, treille

Cupid - cupidon

ineffectual - inefficace

Archer leaned for a while against the gate. No one was in sight, and not a sound came from the open windows of the house: a grizzled Newfoundland dozing before the door seemed as ineffectual a guardian as the arrowless Cupid. It was strange to think that this place of silence and decay was the home of the turbulent Blenkers; yet Archer was sure that he was not mistaken.

Newfoundland - terre-neuve, chien de Terre-Neuve

dozing - s'assoupir, (doze) s'assoupir

guardian - gardien, tuteur, tutrice, curateur, curatrice

arrowless - sans fleche

decay - pourriture, décrépitude, déchéance, pourrir, se désintégrer

For a long time he stood there, content to take in the scene, and gradually falling under its drowsy spell; but at length he roused himself to the sense of the passing time. Should he look his fill and then drive away? He stood irresolute, wishing suddenly to see the inside of the house, so that he might picture the room that Madame Olenska sat in.

drowsy - ensommeillé, somnolent, soporifique, stupide

There was nothing to prevent his walking up to the door and ringing the bell; if, as he supposed, she was away with the rest of the party, he could easily give his name, and ask permission to go into the sitting-room to write a message.

But instead, he crossed the lawn and turned toward the box-garden. As he entered it he caught sight of something bright-coloured in the summer-house, and presently made it out to be a pink parasol. The parasol drew him like a magnet: he was sure it was hers.

magnet - aimant

He went into the summer-house, and sitting down on the rickety seat picked up the silken thing and looked at its carved handle, which was made of some rare wood that gave out an aromatic scent. Archer lifted the handle to his lips.

rickety - bancal, branlant, délabré, boiteux, rachitique

silken - en soie, soyeux

aromatic - aromatique, odorant

He heard a rustle of skirts against the box, and sat motionless, leaning on the parasol handle with clasped hands, and letting the rustle come nearer without lifting his eyes. He had always known that this must happen ...

"Oh, Mr. Archer!" exclaimed a loud young voice; and looking up he saw before him the youngest and largest of the Blenker girls, blonde and blowsy, in bedraggled muslin. A red blotch on one of her cheeks seemed to show that it had recently been pressed against a pillow, and her half-awakened eyes stared at him hospitably but confusedly.

blotch - tache

awakened - éveillé, réveiller, se réveiller

hospitably - l'hospitalité

"Gracious"where did you drop from? I must have been sound asleep in the hammock. Everybody else has gone to Newport. Did you ring?" she incoherently enquired.

hammock - hamac, hammock

incoherently - de façon incohérente

Archer's confusion was greater than hers. "I"no"that is, I was just going to. I had to come up the island to see about a horse, and I drove over on a chance of finding Mrs. Blenker and your visitors. But the house seemed empty"so I sat down to wait."

Miss Blenker, shaking off the fumes of sleep, looked at him with increasing interest. "The house IS empty. Mother's not here, or the Marchioness"or anybody but me." Her glance became faintly reproachful. "Didn't you know that Professor and Mrs. Sillerton are giving a garden-party for mother and all of us this afternoon?

fumes - des fumées, fulminer

It was too unlucky that I couldn't go; but I've had a sore throat, and mother was afraid of the drive home this evening. Did you ever know anything so disappointing? Of course," she added gaily, "I shouldn't have minded half as much if I'd known you were coming."

unlucky - malchanceux, poissard

sore throat - un mal de gorge

Symptoms of a lumbering coquetry became visible in her, and Archer found the strength to break in: "But Madame Olenska"has she gone to Newport too?"

lumbering - bucheron, (lumber), bois de charpente

coquetry - coquetterie, coquetisme

Miss Blenker looked at him with surprise. "Madame Olenska"didn't you know she'd been called away?"

"Called away?""

"Oh, my best parasol! I lent it to that goose of a Katie, because it matched her ribbons, and the careless thing must have dropped it here. We Blenkers are all like that ... real Bohemians!" Recovering the sunshade with a powerful hand she unfurled it and suspended its rosy dome above her head. "Yes, Ellen was called away yesterday: she lets us call her Ellen, you know.

ribbons - rubans, ruban

recovering - en cours de rétablissement, recouvrer (la santé)

unfurled - déployé, déployer, dérouler

suspended - suspendue, suspendre

dome - dôme

A telegram came from Boston: she said she might be gone for two days. I do LOVE the way she does her hair, don't you?" Miss Blenker rambled on.

Archer continued to stare through her as though she had been transparent. All he saw was the trumpery parasol that arched its pinkness above her giggling head.

trumpery - trumperie

pinkness - rosé

giggling - ricaner, (giggle), glousser, gloussement

After a moment he ventured: "You don't happen to know why Madame Olenska went to Boston? I hope it was not on account of bad news?"

Miss Blenker took this with a cheerful incredulity. "Oh, I don't believe so. She didn't tell us what was in the telegram. I think she didn't want the Marchioness to know. She's so romantic-looking, isn't she? Doesn't she remind you of Mrs. Scott-Siddons when she reads 'Lady Geraldine's Courtship'? Did you never hear her?"

courtship - la cour, cour

Archer was dealing hurriedly with crowding thoughts. His whole future seemed suddenly to be unrolled before him; and passing down its endless emptiness he saw the dwindling figure of a man to whom nothing was ever to happen. He glanced about him at the unpruned garden, the tumble-down house, and the oak-grove under which the dusk was gathering.

unrolled - déroulé, (se) dérouler

dwindling - en baisse, diminuer, fondre, s'amenuiser, se tarir

grove - bosquet

It had seemed so exactly the place in which he ought to have found Madame Olenska; and she was far away, and even the pink sunshade was not hers ...

He frowned and hesitated. "You don't know, I suppose"I shall be in Boston tomorrow. If I could manage to see her""

He felt that Miss Blenker was losing interest in him, though her smile persisted. "Oh, of course; how lovely of you! She's staying at the Parker House; it must be horrible there in this weather."

After that Archer was but intermittently aware of the remarks they exchanged. He could only remember stoutly resisting her entreaty that he should await the returning family and have high tea with them before he drove home. At length, with his hostess still at his side, he passed out of range of the wooden Cupid, unfastened his horses and drove off.

intermittently - par intermittence

stoutly - avec acharnement

resisting - résister, s'opposer, rejeter, dégouter

entreaty - demande, supplication

await - attendre, s'attendre a, servir, guetter

unfastened - non fermé, défaire

At the turn of the lane he saw Miss Blenker standing at the gate and waving the pink parasol.


The next morning, when Archer got out of the Fall River train, he emerged upon a steaming midsummer Boston. The streets near the station were full of the smell of beer and coffee and decaying fruit and a shirt-sleeved populace moved through them with the intimate abandon of boarders going down the passage to the bathroom.

steaming - a la vapeur, cuisson a la vapeur, (steam), vapeur d'eau

decaying - en décomposition, décrépitude, déchéance, pourrir

sleeved - avec manches, manche, chemise (inner), gaine (outer), manchon

populace - population, bas peuple, plebe

boarders - pensionnaires, pensionnaire, interne

Archer found a cab and drove to the Somerset Club for breakfast. Even the fashionable quarters had the air of untidy domesticity to which no excess of heat ever degrades the European cities. Care-takers in calico lounged on the door-steps of the wealthy, and the Common looked like a pleasure-ground on the morrow of a Masonic picnic.

cab - cab, fiacre

takers - les preneurs, preneur/-euse

calico - calicot, tricolore

lounged - s'est prélassée, salle d'attente, salon

morrow - lendemain, matin

masonic - maçonnique

picnic - pique-nique, piquenique, picnic, jeu d’enfant

If Archer had tried to imagine Ellen Olenska in improbable scenes he could not have called up any into which it was more difficult to fit her than this heat-prostrated and deserted Boston.

improbable - invraisemblable, improbable

prostrated - prosterné, prosterner

He breakfasted with appetite and method, beginning with a slice of melon, and studying a morning paper while he waited for his toast and scrambled eggs. A new sense of energy and activity had possessed him ever since he had announced to May the night before that he had business in Boston, and should take the Fall River boat that night and go on to New York the following evening.

appetite - l'appétit, appétit

melon - melon

morning paper - le journal du matin

scrambled eggs - oufs brouillés

It had always been understood that he would return to town early in the week, and when he got back from his expedition to Portsmouth a letter from the office, which fate had conspicuously placed on a corner of the hall table, sufficed to justify his sudden change of plan.

He was even ashamed of the ease with which the whole thing had been done: it reminded him, for an uncomfortable moment, of Lawrence Lefferts's masterly contrivances for securing his freedom. But this did not long trouble him, for he was not in an analytic mood.

masterly - magistral

contrivances - des artifices, appareil, dispositif, stratageme

securing - sécurisation, sur, sécuriser

analytic - analytique

After breakfast he smoked a cigarette and glanced over the Commercial Advertiser. While he was thus engaged two or three men he knew came in, and the usual greetings were exchanged: it was the same world after all, though he had such a queer sense of having slipped through the meshes of time and space.

He looked at his watch, and finding that it was half-past nine got up and went into the writing-room. There he wrote a few lines, and ordered a messenger to take a cab to the Parker House and wait for the answer. He then sat down behind another newspaper and tried to calculate how long it would take a cab to get to the Parker House.

calculate - calculer

"The lady was out, sir," he suddenly heard a waiter's voice at his elbow; and he stammered: "Out?"" as if it were a word in a strange language.

He got up and went into the hall. It must be a mistake: she could not be out at that hour. He flushed with anger at his own stupidity: why had he not sent the note as soon as he arrived?

stupidity - stupidité, idiotie, ânerie, sottise

He found his hat and stick and went forth into the street. The city had suddenly become as strange and vast and empty as if he were a traveller from distant lands. For a moment he stood on the door-step hesitating; then he decided to go to the Parker House. What if the messenger had been misinformed, and she were still there?

hesitating - hésitant, hésiter

misinformed - mal informé, mésinformer, induire en erreur, désinformer

He started to walk across the Common; and on the first bench, under a tree, he saw her sitting. She had a grey silk sunshade over her head"how could he ever have imagined her with a pink one? As he approached he was struck by her listless attitude: she sat there as if she had nothing else to do.

listless - sans voix, apathique, indolent

He saw her drooping profile, and the knot of hair fastened low in the neck under her dark hat, and the long wrinkled glove on the hand that held the sunshade. He came a step or two nearer, and she turned and looked at him.

"Oh""she said; and for the first time he noticed a startled look on her face; but in another moment it gave way to a slow smile of wonder and contentment.

contentment - le contentement, contentement

"Oh""she murmured again, on a different note, as he stood looking down at her; and without rising she made a place for him on the bench.

"I'm here on business"just got here," Archer explained; and, without knowing why, he suddenly began to feign astonishment at seeing her. "But what on earth are you doing in this wilderness?" He had really no idea what he was saying: he felt as if he were shouting at her across endless distances, and she might vanish again before he could overtake her.

feign - feindre

shouting at - en criant

overtake - dépasser, doubler, surprendre

"I? Oh, I'm here on business too," she answered, turning her head toward him so that they were face to face. The words hardly reached him: he was aware only of her voice, and of the startling fact that not an echo of it had remained in his memory. He had not even remembered that it was low-pitched, with a faint roughness on the consonants.

consonants - consonnes, consonne, consonant

"You do your hair differently," he said, his heart beating as if he had uttered something irrevocable.

"Differently? No"it's only that I do it as best I can when I'm without Nastasia."

"Nastasia; but isn't she with you?"

"No; I'm alone. For two days it was not worth while to bring her."

"You're alone"at the Parker House?"

She looked at him with a flash of her old malice. "Does it strike you as dangerous?"

"No; not dangerous""

"But unconventional? I see; I suppose it is." She considered a moment. "I hadn't thought of it, because I've just done something so much more unconventional." The faint tinge of irony lingered in her eyes. "I've just refused to take back a sum of money"that belonged to me."

Archer sprang up and moved a step or two away. She had furled her parasol and sat absently drawing patterns on the gravel. Presently he came back and stood before her.

furled - enroulé, ferler

absently - par distraction, distraitement

"Some one"has come here to meet you?"


"With this offer?"

She nodded.

"And you refused"because of the conditions?"

"I refused," she said after a moment.

He sat down by her again. "What were the conditions?"

"Oh, they were not onerous: just to sit at the head of his table now and then."

onerous - onéreux

There was another interval of silence. Archer's heart had slammed itself shut in the queer way it had, and he sat vainly groping for a word.

slammed - claquée, claquer

"He wants you back"at any price?"

"Well"a considerable price. At least the sum is considerable for me."

He paused again, beating about the question he felt he must put.

"It was to meet him here that you came?"

She stared, and then burst into a laugh. "Meet him"my husband? HERE? At this season he's always at Cowes or Baden."

"He sent some one?"


"With a letter?"

She shook her head. "No; just a message. He never writes. I don't think I've had more than one letter from him." The allusion brought the colour to her cheek, and it reflected itself in Archer's vivid blush.

"Why does he never write?"

"Why should he? What does one have secretaries for?"

The young man's blush deepened. She had pronounced the word as if it had no more significance than any other in her vocabulary. For a moment it was on the tip of his tongue to ask: "Did he send his secretary, then?" But the remembrance of Count Olenski's only letter to his wife was too present to him. He paused again, and then took another plunge.

"And the person?""

"The emissary? The emissary," Madame Olenska rejoined, still smiling, "might, for all I care, have left already; but he has insisted on waiting till this evening ... in case ... on the chance ..."

"And you came out here to think the chance over?"

"I came out to get a breath of air. The hotel's too stifling. I'm taking the afternoon train back to Portsmouth."

They sat silent, not looking at each other, but straight ahead at the people passing along the path. Finally she turned her eyes again to his face and said: "You're not changed."

He felt like answering: "I was, till I saw you again;" but instead he stood up abruptly and glanced about him at the untidy sweltering park.

sweltering - étouffant, (swelter), étouffer, canicule

"This is horrible. Why shouldn't we go out a little on the bay? There's a breeze, and it will be cooler. We might take the steamboat down to Point Arley." She glanced up at him hesitatingly and he went on: "On a Monday morning there won't be anybody on the boat. My train doesn't leave till evening: I'm going back to New York. Why shouldn't we?

steamboat - bateau a vapeur, bateau a vapeur

" he insisted, looking down at her; and suddenly he broke out: "Haven't we done all we could?"

"Oh""she murmured again. She stood up and reopened her sunshade, glancing about her as if to take counsel of the scene, and assure herself of the impossibility of remaining in it. Then her eyes returned to his face. "You mustn't say things like that to me," she said.

counsel - conseil, expertise, plan, projet, conseiller

impossibility - l'impossibilité, impossibilité

"I'll say anything you like; or nothing. I won't open my mouth unless you tell me to. What harm can it do to anybody? All I want is to listen to you," he stammered.

She drew out a little gold-faced watch on an enamelled chain. "Oh, don't calculate," he broke out; "give me the day! I want to get you away from that man. At what time was he coming?"

enamelled - émaillé, (d'/en) émail

Her colour rose again. "At eleven."

"Then you must come at once."

"You needn't be afraid"if I don't come."

needn - n'a pas besoin

"Nor you either"if you do. I swear I only want to hear about you, to know what you've been doing. It's a hundred years since we've met"it may be another hundred before we meet again."

swear - jurer, blasphémer, jurez, jurons, jurent

She still wavered, her anxious eyes on his face. "Why didn't you come down to the beach to fetch me, the day I was at Granny's?" she asked.

wavered - a vacillé, hésiter

"Because you didn't look round"because you didn't know I was there. I swore I wouldn't unless you looked round." He laughed as the childishness of the confession struck him.

look round - regarder autour

swore - juré, jurer

childishness - l'infantilisme, enfantillage

confession - confession

"But I didn't look round on purpose."

"On purpose?"

"I knew you were there; when you drove in I recognised the ponies. So I went down to the beach."

"To get away from me as far as you could?"

She repeated in a low voice: "To get away from you as far as I could."

He laughed out again, this time in boyish satisfaction. "Well, you see It's no use. I may as well tell you," he added, "that the business I came here for was just to find you. But, look here, we must start or we shall miss our boat."

It's no use - Ça ne sert a rien

"Our boat?" She frowned perplexedly, and then smiled. "Oh, but I must go back to the hotel first: I must leave a note""

"As many notes as you please. You can write here." He drew out a note-case and one of the new stylographic pens. "I've even got an envelope"you see how everything's predestined! There"steady the thing on your knee, and I'll get the pen going in a second. They have to be humoured; wait"" He banged the hand that held the pen against the back of the bench.

stylographic - stylographique

steady - stable, lisse, régulier

humoured - humilié, humour, humeur, disposition, amadouer

banged - cogné, détonation

"It's like jerking down the mercury in a thermometer: just a trick. Now try""

jerking - par a-coups, (jerk) par a-coups

mercury - le mercure, mercure, vif-argent

thermometer - thermometre, thermometre

She laughed, and bending over the sheet of paper which he had laid on his note-case, began to write. Archer walked away a few steps, staring with radiant unseeing eyes at the passersby, who, in their turn, paused to stare at the unwonted sight of a fashionably-dressed lady writing a note on her knee on a bench in the Common.

unseeing - non-voyant

unwonted - inhabituel

fashionably - a la mode

Madame Olenska slipped the sheet into the envelope, wrote a name on it, and put it into her pocket. Then she too stood up.

They walked back toward Beacon Street, and near the club Archer caught sight of the plush-lined "herdic" which had carried his note to the Parker House, and whose driver was reposing from this effort by bathing his brow at the corner hydrant.

beacon - balise, phare, amer

plush - peluche

herdic - herdique

reposing - reposant, repos

hydrant - hydrant, bouche d'incendie

"I told you everything was predestined! Here's a cab for us. You see!" They laughed, astonished at the miracle of picking up a public conveyance at that hour, and in that unlikely spot, in a city where cab-stands were still a "foreign" novelty.

public conveyance - transport public

novelty - nouveauté

Archer, looking at his watch, saw that there was time to drive to the Parker House before going to the steamboat landing. They rattled through the hot streets and drew up at the door of the hotel.

Archer held out his hand for the letter. "Shall I take it in?" he asked; but Madame Olenska, shaking her head, sprang out and disappeared through the glazed doors.

It was barely half-past ten; but what if the emissary, impatient for her reply, and not knowing how else to employ his time, were already seated among the travellers with cooling drinks at their elbows of whom Archer had caught a glimpse as she went in?

impatient - impatient

He waited, pacing up and down before the herdic. A Sicilian youth with eyes like Nastasia's offered to shine his boots, and an Irish matron to sell him peaches; and every few moments the doors opened to let out hot men with straw hats tilted far back, who glanced at him as they went by.

Irish - irlandais, gaélique irlandais, Irlandaise

Matron - matron, matrone

peaches - des peches, (de) peche

straw hats - des chapeaux de paille

He marvelled that the door should open so often, and that all the people it let out should look so like each other, and so like all the other hot men who, at that hour, through the length and breadth of the land, were passing continuously in and out of the swinging doors of hotels.

continuously - en continu

And then, suddenly, came a face that he could not relate to the other faces.

He caught but a flash of it, for his pacings had carried him to the farthest point of his beat, and it was in turning back to the hotel that he saw, in a group of typical countenances"the lank and weary, the round and surprised, the lantern-jawed and mild"this other face that was so many more things at once, and things so different.

lank - lank, plats

weary - fatigué, las, lasser

lantern - lanterne

jawed - mâchoire

It was that of a young man, pale too, and half-extinguished by the heat, or worry, or both, but somehow, quicker, vivider, more conscious; or perhaps seeming so because he was so different. Archer hung a moment on a thin thread of memory, but it snapped and floated off with the disappearing face"apparently that of some foreign business man, looking doubly foreign in such a setting.

vivider - vivider, vivide

thread - fil, processus léger, exétron, fil de discussion, filer

doubly - doublement

He vanished in the stream of passersby, and Archer resumed his patrol.

stream - flux, ruisseau, ru, rupt, filet, flot, courant

patrol - patrouille

He did not care to be seen watch in hand within view of the hotel, and his unaided reckoning of the lapse of time led him to conclude that, if Madame Olenska was so long in reappearing, it could only be because she had met the emissary and been waylaid by him. At the thought Archer's apprehension rose to anguish.

unaided - sans aide

reckoning - le calcul, calculer, estimer

reappearing - réapparaître

waylaid - bloqué, comploter

anguish - l'angoisse, angoissons, angoissez, angoisser, angoissent

"If she doesn't come soon I'll go in and find her," he said.

The doors swung open again and she was at his side. They got into the herdic, and as it drove off he took out his watch and saw that she had been absent just three minutes. In the clatter of loose windows that made talk impossible they bumped over the disjointed cobblestones to the wharf.

been absent - a été absent

clatter - claquer, craquer, claquement, craquement, vacarme

wharf - quai, appontement, checkappontement

Seated side by side on a bench of the half-empty boat they found that they had hardly anything to say to each other, or rather that what they had to say communicated itself best in the blessed silence of their release and their isolation.

As the paddle-wheels began to turn, and wharves and shipping to recede through the veil of heat, it seemed to Archer that everything in the old familiar world of habit was receding also. He longed to ask Madame Olenska if she did not have the same feeling: the feeling that they were starting on some long voyage from which they might never return.

paddle - pagaie, patauger, barbotter

wharves - quais, quai, appontement, fr

recede - reculer, se retirer

But he was afraid to say it, or anything else that might disturb the delicate balance of her trust in him. In reality he had no wish to betray that trust.

disturb - déranger, perturber, gener

betray - trahir, livrer

There had been days and nights when the memory of their kiss had burned and burned on his lips; the day before even, on the drive to Portsmouth, the thought of her had run through him like fire; but now that she was beside him, and they were drifting forth into this unknown world, they seemed to have reached the kind of deeper nearness that a touch may sunder.

nearness - la proximité

sunder - sunder

As the boat left the harbour and turned seaward a breeze stirred about them and the bay broke up into long oily undulations, then into ripples tipped with spray. The fog of sultriness still hung over the city, but ahead lay a fresh world of ruffled waters, and distant promontories with light-houses in the sun.

harbour - port

seaward - vers la mer

oily - huileux, onctueux

spray - pulvériser, embrun

sultriness - la soufrerie

ruffled - ébouriffé, falbala, ébouriffer

promontories - promontoires, promontoire

Madame Olenska, leaning back against the boat-rail, drank in the coolness between parted lips. She had wound a long veil about her hat, but it left her face uncovered, and Archer was struck by the tranquil gaiety of her expression. She seemed to take their adventure as a matter of course, and to be neither in fear of unexpected encounters, nor (what was worse) unduly elated by their possibility.

coolness - de la fraîcheur, frais

encounters - rencontres, rencontrer, rencontre

In the bare dining-room of the inn, which he had hoped they would have to themselves, they found a strident party of innocent-looking young men and women"school-teachers on a holiday, the landlord told them"and Archer's heart sank at the idea of having to talk through their noise.

strident - strident, criard

landlord - propriétaire, patron

"This is hopeless"I'll ask for a private room," he said; and Madame Olenska, without offering any objection, waited while he went in search of it. The room opened on a long wooden verandah, with the sea coming in at the windows. It was bare and cool, with a table covered with a coarse checkered cloth and adorned by a bottle of pickles and a blueberry pie under a cage.

adorned - orné, décorer, orner, parer

pickles - des cornichons, marinade(s)

blueberry - myrtille, bleuet

pie - tarte, saccager, pâte, pâté

cage - cage, encager

No more guileless-looking cabinet particulier ever offered its shelter to a clandestine couple: Archer fancied he saw the sense of its reassurance in the faintly amused smile with which Madame Olenska sat down opposite to him.

particulier - particulier

shelter - l'abri, abri, refuge, abriter

opposite to - en face de

A woman who had run away from her husband"and reputedly with another man"was likely to have mastered the art of taking things for granted; but something in the quality of her composure took the edge from his irony.

reputedly - réputé

mastered - maîtrisée, maître/-tresse

By being so quiet, so unsurprised and so simple she had managed to brush away the conventions and make him feel that to seek to be alone was the natural thing for two old friends who had so much to say to each other....

unsurprised - sans surprise


They lunched slowly and meditatively, with mute intervals between rushes of talk; for, the spell once broken, they had much to say, and yet moments when saying became the mere accompaniment to long duologues of silence.

mute - muet

rushes - des joncs, se précipiter, emmener d'urgence

accompaniment - l'accompagnement, accompagnement

Archer kept the talk from his own affairs, not with conscious intention but because he did not want to miss a word of her history; and leaning on the table, her chin resting on her clasped hands, she talked to him of the year and a half since they had met.

She had grown tired of what people called "society"; New York was kind, it was almost oppressively hospitable; she should never forget the way in which it had welcomed her back; but after the first flush of novelty she had found herself, as she phrased it, too "different" to care for the things it cared about"and so she had decided to try Washington, where one was supposed to meet more varieties of people and of opinion. And on the whole she should probably settle down in Washington, and make a home there for poor Medora, who had worn out the patience of all her other relations just at the time when she most needed looking after and protecting from matrimonial perils.

oppressively - de maniere oppressive

perils - périls, péril, risque

"But Dr. Carver"aren't you afraid of Dr. Carver? I hear he's been staying with you at the Blenkers'."

She smiled. "Oh, the Carver danger is over. Dr. Carver is a very clever man. He wants a rich wife to finance his plans, and Medora is simply a good advertisement as a convert."

finance - finance, finances, financer

convert - se convertir, convertir, reconverti

"A convert to what?"

"To all sorts of new and crazy social schemes. But, do you know, they interest me more than the blind conformity to tradition"somebody else's tradition"that I see among our own friends. It seems stupid to have discovered America only to make it into a copy of another country." She smiled across the table.

schemes - des schémas, plan, combine, machination, schéma

"Do you suppose Christopher Columbus would have taken all that trouble just to go to the Opera with the Selfridge Merrys?"

Archer changed colour. "And Beaufort"do you say these things to Beaufort?" he asked abruptly.

changed colour - a changé de couleur

"I haven't seen him for a long time. But I used to; and he understands."

"Ah, it's what I've always told you; you don't like us. And you like Beaufort because he's so unlike us." He looked about the bare room and out at the bare beach and the row of stark white village houses strung along the shore. "We're damnably dull. We've no character, no colour, no variety."I wonder," he broke out, "why you don't go back?"

Stark - stark, austere, désolé

damnably - exécrable

Her eyes darkened, and he expected an indignant rejoinder. But she sat silent, as if thinking over what he had said, and he grew frightened lest she should answer that she wondered too.

rejoinder - réponse, réplique

At length she said: "I believe it's because of you."

It was impossible to make the confession more dispassionately, or in a tone less encouraging to the vanity of the person addressed. Archer reddened to the temples, but dared not move or speak: it was as if her words had been some rare butterfly that the least motion might drive off on startled wings, but that might gather a flock about it if it were left undisturbed.

dispassionately - sans passion

butterfly - papillon, pansement papillon

"At least," she continued, "it was you who made me understand that under the dullness there are things so fine and sensitive and delicate that even those I most cared for in my other life look cheap in comparison.

I don't know how to explain myself""she drew together her troubled brows""but it seems as if I'd never before understood with how much that is hard and shabby and base the most exquisite pleasures may be paid."

most exquisite - le plus exquis

"Exquisite pleasures"it's something to have had them!" he felt like retorting; but the appeal in her eyes kept him silent.

retorting - répliquer, rétorquer

"I want," she went on, "to be perfectly honest with you"and with myself. For a long time I've hoped this chance would come: that I might tell you how you've helped me, what you've made of me""

Archer sat staring beneath frowning brows. He interrupted her with a laugh. "And what do you make out that you've made of me?"

She paled a little. "Of you?"

"Yes: for I'm of your making much more than you ever were of mine. I'm the man who married one woman because another one told him to."

Her paleness turned to a fugitive flush. "I thought"you promised"you were not to say such things today."

paleness - pâleur

"Ah"how like a woman! None of you will ever see a bad business through!"

She lowered her voice. "IS it a bad business"for May?"

He stood in the window, drumming against the raised sash, and feeling in every fibre the wistful tenderness with which she had spoken her cousin's name.

sash - ceinture, écharpe

fibre - fibre

wistful - nostalgique, bonjour

"For that's the thing we've always got to think of"haven't we"by your own showing?" she insisted.

"My own showing?" he echoed, his blank eyes still on the sea.

"Or if not," she continued, pursuing her own thought with a painful application, "if it's not worth while to have given up, to have missed things, so that others may be saved from disillusionment and misery"then everything I came home for, everything that made my other life seem by contrast so bare and so poor because no one there took account of them"all these things are a sham or a dream""

pursuing - poursuivre, poursuivant, (pursue), rechercher

disillusionment - désillusion

misery - la misere, misere

He turned around without moving from his place. "And in that case there's no reason on earth why you shouldn't go back?" he concluded for her.

Her eyes were clinging to him desperately. "Oh, IS there no reason?"

clinging - s'accrocher, s'accrocher (a)

"Not if you staked your all on the success of my marriage. My marriage," he said savagely, "isn't going to be a sight to keep you here." She made no answer, and he went on: "What's the use? You gave me my first glimpse of a real life, and at the same moment you asked me to go on with a sham one. It's beyond human enduring"that's all."

staked - piquetée, pieu, pal, tuteur, jalon, piquet, poteau

savagely - sauvagement

enduring - durable, endurer, perdurer, supporter

"Oh, don't say that; when I'm enduring it!" she burst out, her eyes filling.

Her arms had dropped along the table, and she sat with her face abandoned to his gaze as if in the recklessness of a desperate peril. The face exposed her as much as if it had been her whole person, with the soul behind it: Archer stood dumb, overwhelmed by what it suddenly told him.

"You too"oh, all this time, you too?"

For answer, she let the tears on her lids overflow and run slowly downward.

Half the width of the room was still between them, and neither made any show of moving. Archer was conscious of a curious indifference to her bodily presence: he would hardly have been aware of it if one of the hands she had flung out on the table had not drawn his gaze as on the occasion when, in the little Twenty-third Street house, he had kept his eye on it in order not to look at her face.

Now his imagination spun about the hand as about the edge of a vortex; but still he made no effort to draw nearer. He had known the love that is fed on caresses and feeds them; but this passion that was closer than his bones was not to be superficially satisfied.

spun - filé, tournoyer, (faire) tourner

vortex - vortex, tourbillon

caresses - caresses, caresser

superficially - superficiellement

His one terror was to do anything which might efface the sound and impression of her words; his one thought, that he should never again feel quite alone.

terror - la terreur, terreur, effroi, terrorisme

efface - effacer, s'effacer

his one thought - sa seule pensée

But after a moment the sense of waste and ruin overcame him. There they were, close together and safe and shut in; yet so chained to their separate destinies that they might as well have been half the world apart.

ruin - la ruine, ruine, ruiner, abîmer, foutre en l'air

overcame - surmonté, vaincre, surmonter, envahir

"What's the use"when you will go back?" he broke out, a great hopeless HOW ON EARTH CAN I KEEP YOU? crying out to her beneath his words.

She sat motionless, with lowered lids. "Oh"I shan't go yet!"

"Not yet? Some time, then? Some time that you already foresee?"

foresee - prévoir, anticiper

At that she raised her clearest eyes. "I promise you: not as long as you hold out. Not as long as we can look straight at each other like this."

He dropped into his chair. What her answer really said was: "If you lift a finger you'll drive me back: back to all the abominations you know of, and all the temptations you half guess." He understood it as clearly as if she had uttered the words, and the thought kept him anchored to his side of the table in a kind of moved and sacred submission.

abominations - abominations, abomination

temptations - tentations, tentation

submission - soumission

"What a life for you!"" he groaned.

"Oh"as long as it's a part of yours."

"And mine a part of yours?"

She nodded.

"And that's to be all"for either of us?"

"Well; it IS all, isn't it?"

At that he sprang up, forgetting everything but the sweetness of her face. She rose too, not as if to meet him or to flee from him, but quietly, as though the worst of the task were done and she had only to wait; so quietly that, as he came close, her outstretched hands acted not as a check but as a guide to him.

flee - s'enfuir, prendre la fuite, échapper

They fell into his, while her arms, extended but not rigid, kept him far enough off to let her surrendered face say the rest.

They may have stood in that way for a long time, or only for a few moments; but it was long enough for her silence to communicate all she had to say, and for him to feel that only one thing mattered. He must do nothing to make this meeting their last; he must leave their future in her care, asking only that she should keep fast hold of it.

"Don't"don't be unhappy," she said, with a break in her voice, as she drew her hands away; and he answered: "You won't go back"you won't go back?" as if it were the one possibility he could not bear.

"I won't go back," she said; and turning away she opened the door and led the way into the public dining-room.

The strident school-teachers were gathering up their possessions preparatory to a straggling flight to the wharf; across the beach lay the white steam-boat at the pier; and over the sunlit waters Boston loomed in a line of haze.

preparatory - préparatoire

straggling - en retard, (straggle) en retard


Once more on the boat, and in the presence of others, Archer felt a tranquillity of spirit that surprised as much as it sustained him.

tranquillity - la tranquillité, tranquillité

sustained - soutenue, maintenir, subvenir

The day, according to any current valuation, had been a rather ridiculous failure; he had not so much as touched Madame Olenska's hand with his lips, or extracted one word from her that gave promise of farther opportunities.

valuation - l'évaluation

extracted - extraites, extrait, extraire

Nevertheless, for a man sick with unsatisfied love, and parting for an indefinite period from the object of his passion, he felt himself almost humiliatingly calm and comforted.

sick with - Malade de

unsatisfied - insatisfait

humiliatingly - de façon humiliante

comforted - réconforté, confort, consoler

It was the perfect balance she had held between their loyalty to others and their honesty to themselves that had so stirred and yet tranquillized him; a balance not artfully calculated, as her tears and her falterings showed, but resulting naturally from her unabashed sincerity.

loyalty - la loyauté, loyauté

honesty - l'honneteté, honneteté

artfully - avec art, habilement

calculated - calculée, calculer

unabashed - sans complexe

It filled him with a tender awe, now the danger was over, and made him thank the fates that no personal vanity, no sense of playing a part before sophisticated witnesses, had tempted him to tempt her.

fates - des destins, destin, destinée, sort

witnesses - des témoins, témoignage, témoin, preuve, témoigner

Even after they had clasped hands for good-bye at the Fall River station, and he had turned away alone, the conviction remained with him of having saved out of their meeting much more than he had sacrificed.

He wandered back to the club, and went and sat alone in the deserted library, turning and turning over in his thoughts every separate second of their hours together. It was clear to him, and it grew more clear under closer scrutiny, that if she should finally decide on returning to Europe"returning to her husband"it would not be because her old life tempted her, even on the new terms offered.

No: she would go only if she felt herself becoming a temptation to Archer, a temptation to fall away from the standard they had both set up. Her choice would be to stay near him as long as he did not ask her to come nearer; and it depended on himself to keep her just there, safe but secluded.

In the train these thoughts were still with him. They enclosed him in a kind of golden haze, through which the faces about him looked remote and indistinct: he had a feeling that if he spoke to his fellow-travellers they would not understand what he was saying. In this state of abstraction he found himself, the following morning, waking to the reality of a stifling September day in New York.

indistinct - indistinct

abstraction - l'abstraction, abstraction

The heat-withered faces in the long train streamed past him, and he continued to stare at them through the same golden blur; but suddenly, as he left the station, one of the faces detached itself, came closer and forced itself upon his consciousness.

withered - flétrie, (se) faner

streamed - en streaming, ruisseau, ru, rupt, filet, flot, courant, torrent

blur - estomper, brouiller, s'estomper, flou, tache, salissure, marque

It was, as he instantly recalled, the face of the young man he had seen, the day before, passing out of the Parker House, and had noted as not conforming to type, as not having an American hotel face.

The same thing struck him now; and again he became aware of a dim stir of former associations. The young man stood looking about him with the dazed air of the foreigner flung upon the harsh mercies of American travel; then he advanced toward Archer, lifted his hat, and said in English: "Surely, Monsieur, we met in London?"

dazed - étourdi, stupéfaction, étourdir, abasourdir

mercies - des miséricordes, miséricorde, pitié

"Ah, to be sure: in London!" Archer grasped his hand with curiosity and sympathy. "So you DID get here, after all?" he exclaimed, casting a wondering eye on the astute and haggard little countenance of young Carfry's French tutor.

casting - casting, moulage, (cast), jeter, diriger, lancer, additionner

astute - astucieux, avisé, sagace

"Oh, I got here"yes," M. Riviere smiled with drawn lips. "But not for long; I return the day after tomorrow." He stood grasping his light valise in one neatly gloved hand, and gazing anxiously, perplexedly, almost appealingly, into Archer's face.

grasping - saisir, agripper, comprendre

valise - valise

appealingly - de maniere attrayante

"I wonder, Monsieur, since I've had the good luck to run across you, if I might""

"I was just going to suggest it: come to luncheon, won't you? Down town, I mean: if you'll look me up in my office I'll take you to a very decent restaurant in that quarter."

M. Riviere was visibly touched and surprised. "You're too kind. But I was only going to ask if you would tell me how to reach some sort of conveyance. There are no porters, and no one here seems to listen""

porters - les porteurs, porteur/-euse

"I know: our American stations must surprise you. When you ask for a porter they give you chewing-gum. But if You'll come along I'll extricate you; and you must really lunch with me, you know."

chewing-gum - (chewing-gum) chewing-gum

You'll come - Vous viendrez

extricate - extraire, extirper

The young man, after a just perceptible hesitation, replied, with profuse thanks, and in a tone that did not carry complete conviction, that he was already engaged; but when they had reached the comparative reassurance of the street he asked if he might call that afternoon.

hesitation - hésitation

comparative - comparatif

Archer, at ease in the midsummer leisure of the office, fixed an hour and scribbled his address, which the Frenchman pocketed with reiterated thanks and a wide flourish of his hat. A horse-car received him, and Archer walked away.

scribbled - griffonné, griffonner

reiterated - réitéré, réitérer

flourish - s'épanouir, fleurir, brandir, gesticulation, fioriture

Punctually at the hour M. Riviere appeared, shaved, smoothed-out, but still unmistakably drawn and serious. Archer was alone in his office, and the young man, before accepting the seat he proffered, began abruptly: "I believe I saw you, sir, yesterday in Boston."

unmistakably - sans équivoque

The statement was insignificant enough, and Archer was about to frame an assent when his words were checked by something mysterious yet illuminating in his visitor's insistent gaze.

insignificant - insignifiante

insistent - insistant

"It is extraordinary, very extraordinary," M. Riviere continued, "that we should have met in the circumstances in which I find myself."

"What circumstances?" Archer asked, wondering a little crudely if he needed money.

crudely - grossierement, crument

M. Riviere continued to study him with tentative eyes. "I have come, not to look for employment, as I spoke of doing when we last met, but on a special mission""

tentative - provisoire, approximatif

special mission - une mission spéciale

"Ah"!" Archer exclaimed. In a flash the two meetings had connected themselves in his mind. He paused to take in the situation thus suddenly lighted up for him, and M. Riviere also remained silent, as if aware that what he had said was enough.

lighted up - allumé

"A special mission," Archer at length repeated.

The young Frenchman, opening his palms, raised them slightly, and the two men continued to look at each other across the office-desk till Archer roused himself to say: "Do sit down"; whereupon M. Riviere bowed, took a distant chair, and again waited.

palms - des palmiers, paume

office-desk - (office-desk) bureau

"It was about this mission that you wanted to consult me?" Archer finally asked.

M. Riviere bent his head. "Not in my own behalf: on that score I"I have fully dealt with myself. I should like"if I may"to speak to you about the Countess Olenska."

Archer had known for the last few minutes that the words were coming; but when they came they sent the blood rushing to his temples as if he had been caught by a bent-back branch in a thicket.

rushing - se précipiter, (rush) se précipiter

"And on whose behalf," he said, "do you wish to do this?"

M. Riviere met the question sturdily. "Well"I might say HERS, if it did not sound like a liberty. Shall I say instead: on behalf of abstract justice?"

sturdily - solidement

abstract - résumé, abstrait, abstraire, distiller, se retirer

Archer considered him ironically. "In other words: you are Count Olenski's messenger?"

ironically - ironiquement

He saw his blush more darkly reflected in M. Riviere's sallow countenance. "Not to YOU, Monsieur. If I come to you, it is on quite other grounds."

"What right have you, in the circumstances, to BE on any other ground?" Archer retorted. "If you're an emissary you're an emissary."

The young man considered. "My mission is over: as far as the Countess Olenska goes, it has failed."

"I can't help that," Archer rejoined on the same note of irony.

"No: but you can help"" M. Riviere paused, turned his hat about in his still carefully gloved hands, looked into its lining and then back at Archer's face. "You can help, Monsieur, I am convinced, to make it equally a failure with her family."

Archer pushed back his chair and stood up. "Well"and by God I will!" he exclaimed. He stood with his hands in his pockets, staring down wrathfully at the little Frenchman, whose face, though he too had risen, was still an inch or two below the line of Archer's eyes.

wrathfully - avec colere

inch - pouce

M. Riviere paled to his normal hue: paler than that his complexion could hardly turn.

complexion - le teint, teint, complexion

"Why the devil," Archer explosively continued, "should you have thought"since I suppose you're appealing to me on the ground of my relationship to Madame Olenska"that I should take a view contrary to the rest of her family?"

appealing - attrayante, en appeler (a), supplier

contrary - contraire, contrepied

The change of expression in M. Riviere's face was for a time his only answer. His look passed from timidity to absolute distress: for a young man of his usually resourceful mien it would have been difficult to appear more disarmed and defenceless. "Oh, Monsieur""

absolute - absolue, absolu

resourceful - plein de ressources

mien - mien, mine

disarmed - désarmé, désarmer

"I can't imagine," Archer continued, "why you should have come to me when there are others so much nearer to the Countess; still less why you thought I should be more accessible to the arguments I suppose you were sent over with."

accessible - accessible

M. Riviere took this onslaught with a disconcerting humility. "The arguments I want to present to you, Monsieur, are my own and not those I was sent over with."

onslaught - l'assaut, assaut, offensive

humility - l'humilité, humilité

"Then I see still less reason for listening to them."

M. Riviere again looked into his hat, as if considering whether these last words were not a sufficiently broad hint to put it on and be gone. Then he spoke with sudden decision. "Monsieur"will you tell me one thing? Is it my right to be here that you question? Or do you perhaps believe the whole matter to be already closed?"

sufficiently - suffisamment

broad - large

His quiet insistence made Archer feel the clumsiness of his own bluster. M. Riviere had succeeded in imposing himself: Archer, reddening slightly, dropped into his chair again, and signed to the young man to be seated.

clumsiness - maladresse, inélégance

imposing - imposant, imposer

reddening - le rougissement, rougir, faire rougir

"I beg your pardon: but why isn't the matter closed?"

M. Riviere gazed back at him with anguish. "You do, then, agree with the rest of the family that, in face of the new proposals I have brought, it is hardly possible for Madame Olenska not to return to her husband?"

proposals - propositions, proposition, demande en mariage

"Good God!" Archer exclaimed; and his visitor gave out a low murmur of confirmation.

"Before seeing her, I saw"at Count Olenski's request"Mr. Lovell Mingott, with whom I had several talks before going to Boston. I understand that he represents his mother's view; and that Mrs. Manson Mingott's influence is great throughout her family."

Archer sat silent, with the sense of clinging to the edge of a sliding precipice. The discovery that he had been excluded from a share in these negotiations, and even from the knowledge that they were on foot, caused him a surprise hardly dulled by the acuter wonder of what he was learning.

sliding - glissant, (slid) glissant

excluded - exclus, exclure

negotiations - négociations, négociation

dulled - terni, émoussé, ennuyeux, barbant, mat, terne, sot, obtus

acuter - acuter, aigu, aiguë

He saw in a flash that if the family had ceased to consult him it was because some deep tribal instinct warned them that he was no longer on their side; and he recalled, with a start of comprehension, a remark of May's during their drive home from Mrs. Manson Mingott's on the day of the Archery Meeting: "Perhaps, after all, Ellen would be happier with her husband."

comprehension - compréhension, entendement

Even in the tumult of new discoveries Archer remembered his indignant exclamation, and the fact that since then his wife had never named Madame Olenska to him. Her careless allusion had no doubt been the straw held up to see which way the wind blew; the result had been reported to the family, and thereafter Archer had been tacitly omitted from their counsels.

tumult - tumultes, barouf, baroufe, bagarre

thereafter - par la suite

omitted - omis, omettre

counsels - conseils, conseil, expertise, plan, projet

He admired the tribal discipline which made May bow to this decision.

discipline - discipline, pénalité, branche

She would not have done so, he knew, had her conscience protested; but she probably shared the family view that Madame Olenska would be better off as an unhappy wife than as a separated one, and that there was no use in discussing the case with Newland, who had an awkward way of suddenly not seeming to take the most fundamental things for granted.

Archer looked up and met his visitor's anxious gaze. "Don't you know, Monsieur"is it possible you don't know"that the family begin to doubt if they have the right to advise the Countess to refuse her husband's last proposals?"

"The proposals you brought?"

"The proposals I brought."

It was on Archer's lips to exclaim that whatever he knew or did not know was no concern of M. Riviere's; but something in the humble and yet courageous tenacity of M. Riviere's gaze made him reject this conclusion, and he met the young man's question with another. "What is your object in speaking to me of this?"

concern - inquiétude, souci, soin, préoccupation, concerner

humble - humble

tenacity - la ténacité, ténacité

He had not to wait a moment for the answer. "To beg you, Monsieur"to beg you with all the force I'm capable of"not to let her go back."Oh, don't let her!" M. Riviere exclaimed.

capable - capable

Archer looked at him with increasing astonishment. There was no mistaking the sincerity of his distress or the strength of his determination: he had evidently resolved to let everything go by the board but the supreme need of thus putting himself on record. Archer considered.

"May I ask," he said at length, "if this is the line you took with the Countess Olenska?"

M. Riviere reddened, but his eyes did not falter. "No, Monsieur: I accepted my mission in good faith. I really believed"for reasons I need not trouble you with"that it would be better for Madame Olenska to recover her situation, her fortune, the social consideration that her husband's standing gives her."

falter - faiblir, vaciller

Faith - la foi, foi, rench:, confiance

recover - récupérer, captons, capter, recouvrent, recouvrer, recouvrons

consideration - considération, checkraison, checkmotif, checkrécompense

"So I supposed: you could hardly have accepted such a mission otherwise."

"I should not have accepted it."

"Well, then"?" Archer paused again, and their eyes met in another protracted scrutiny.

protracted - prolongé, prolonger, tirer en longueur

"Ah, Monsieur, after I had seen her, after I had listened to her, I knew she was better off here."

"You knew"?"

"Monsieur, I discharged my mission faithfully: I put the Count's arguments, I stated his offers, without adding any comment of my own. The Countess was good enough to listen patiently; she carried her goodness so far as to see me twice; she considered impartially all I had come to say. And it was in the course of these two talks that I changed my mind, that I came to see things differently."

discharged - déchargée, licenciement, débit

offers - offres, offrir, proposer

"May I ask what led to this change?"

"Simply seeing the change in HER," M. Riviere replied.

"The change in her? Then you knew her before?"

The young man's colour again rose. "I used to see her in her husband's house. I have known Count Olenski for many years. You can imagine that he would not have sent a stranger on such a mission."

Archer's gaze, wandering away to the blank walls of the office, rested on a hanging calendar surmounted by the rugged features of the President of the United States. That such a conversation should be going on anywhere within the millions of square miles subject to his rule seemed as strange as anything that the imagination could invent.

calendar - calendrier, agenda, emploi du temps, programme

rugged - robuste, déchiqueté, accidenté, (rug), tapis, couverture

"The change"what sort of a change?"

"Ah, Monsieur, if I could tell you!" M. Riviere paused. "Tenez"the discovery, I suppose, of what I'd never thought of before: that she's an American. And that if you're an American of HER kind"of your kind"things that are accepted in certain other societies, or at least put up with as part of a general convenient give-and-take"become unthinkable, simply unthinkable.

If Madame Olenska's relations understood what these things were, their opposition to her returning would no doubt be as unconditional as her own; but they seem to regard her husband's wish to have her back as proof of an irresistible longing for domestic life." M. Riviere paused, and then added: "Whereas it's far from being as simple as that."

opposition - l'opposition, opposition

unconditional - inconditionnel

irresistible - irrésistible

Archer looked back to the President of the United States, and then down at his desk and at the papers scattered on it. For a second or two he could not trust himself to speak. During this interval he heard M. Riviere's chair pushed back, and was aware that the young man had risen. When he glanced up again he saw that his visitor was as moved as himself.

"Thank you," Archer said simply.

"There's nothing to thank me for, Monsieur: it is I, rather"" M. Riviere broke off, as if speech for him too were difficult. "I should like, though," he continued in a firmer voice, "to add one thing. You asked me if I was in Count Olenski's employ.

firmer - plus ferme, (firm) plus ferme

I am at this moment: I returned to him, a few months ago, for reasons of private necessity such as may happen to any one who has persons, ill and older persons, dependent on him. But from the moment that I have taken the step of coming here to say these things to you I consider myself discharged, and I shall tell him so on my return, and give him the reasons. That's all, Monsieur."

M. Riviere bowed and drew back a step.

"Thank you," Archer said again, as their hands met.


Every year on the fifteenth of October Fifth Avenue opened its shutters, unrolled its carpets and hung up its triple layer of window-curtains.

Fifteenth - quinzieme, quinzieme ('before the noun'), ('in names of monarchs and popes') quinze ('after the name')

triple - triple, pour trois

By the first of November this household ritual was over, and society had begun to look about and take stock of itself. By the fifteenth the season was in full blast, Opera and theatres were putting forth their new attractions, dinner-engagements were accumulating, and dates for dances being fixed. And punctually at about this time Mrs. Archer always said that New York was very much changed.

take stock - faire le point

blast - explosion, souffle

accumulating - s'accumuler, accumuler

Observing it from the lofty stand-point of a non-participant, she was able, with the help of Mr. Sillerton Jackson and Miss Sophy, to trace each new crack in its surface, and all the strange weeds pushing up between the ordered rows of social vegetables.

lofty - noble, haut

participant - participant, participante

It had been one of the amusements of Archer's youth to wait for this annual pronouncement of his mo