The Brothers Karamazov with English-Spanish Dictionary by Fyodor Dostoevsky (online free books)

Les Freres Karamazov con un práctico diccionario inglés-espanol (best ebooks to read)

Table of Content

Book I. The History Of A Family
Chapter I. Fyodor Pavlovitch Karamazov
Chapter II. He Gets Rid Of His Eldest Son
Chapter III. The Second Marriage And The Second Family
Chapter IV. The Third Son, Alyosha
Chapter V. Elders
Book II. An Unfortunate Gathering
Chapter I. They Arrive At The Monastery
Chapter II. The Old Buffoon
Chapter III. Peasant Women Who Have Faith
Chapter IV. A Lady Of Little Faith
Chapter V. So Be It! So Be It!
Chapter VI. Why Is Such A Man Alive?
Chapter VII. A Young Man Bent On A Career
Chapter VIII. The Scandalous Scene
Book III. The Sensualists
Chapter I. In The Servants' Quarters
Chapter II. Lizaveta
Chapter III. The Confession Of A Passionate Heart—In Verse
Chapter IV. The Confession Of A Passionate Heart—In Anecdote
Chapter V. The Confession Of A Passionate Heart—"Heels Up"
Chapter VI. Smerdyakov
Chapter VII. The Controversy
Chapter VIII. Over The Brandy
Chapter IX. The Sensualists
Chapter X. Both Together
Chapter XI. Another Reputation Ruined
Book IV. Lacerations
Chapter I. Father Ferapont
Chapter II. At His Father's
Chapter III. A Meeting With The Schoolboys
Chapter IV. At The Hohlakovs'
Chapter V. A Laceration In The Drawing‐Room
Chapter VI. A Laceration In The Cottage
Chapter VII. And In The Open Air
Book V. Pro And Contra
Chapter I. The Engagement
Chapter II. Smerdyakov With A Guitar
Chapter III. The Brothers Make Friends
Chapter IV. Rebellion
Chapter V. The Grand Inquisitor
Chapter VI. For Awhile A Very Obscure One
Chapter VII. "It's Always Worth While Speaking To A Clever Man"
Book VI. The Russian Monk
Chapter I. Father Zossima And His Visitors
Chapter II. The Duel
Chapter III. Conversations And Exhortations Of Father Zossima
Book VII. Alyosha
Chapter I. The Breath Of Corruption
Chapter II. A Critical Moment
Chapter III. An Onion
Chapter IV. Cana Of Galilee
Book VIII. Mitya
Chapter I. Kuzma Samsonov
Chapter II. Lyagavy
Chapter III. Gold‐Mines
Chapter IV. In The Dark
Chapter V. A Sudden Resolution
Chapter VI. "I Am Coming, Too!"
Chapter VII. The First And Rightful Lover
Chapter VIII. Delirium
Book IX. The Preliminary Investigation
Chapter I. The Beginning Of Perhotin's Official Career
Chapter II. The Alarm
Chapter III. The Sufferings Of A Soul, The First Ordeal
Chapter IV. The Second Ordeal
Chapter V. The Third Ordeal
Chapter VI. The Prosecutor Catches Mitya
Chapter VII. Mitya's Great Secret. Received With Hisses
Chapter VIII. The Evidence Of The Witnesses. The Babe
Chapter IX. They Carry Mitya Away
Book X. The Boys
Chapter I. Kolya Krassotkin
Chapter II. Children
Chapter III. The Schoolboy
Chapter IV. The Lost Dog
Chapter V. By Ilusha's Bedside
Chapter VI. Precocity
Chapter VII. Ilusha
Book XI. Ivan
Chapter I. At Grushenka's
Chapter II. The Injured Foot
Chapter III. A Little Demon
Chapter IV. A Hymn And A Secret
Chapter V. Not You, Not You!
Chapter VI. The First Interview With Smerdyakov
Chapter VII. The Second Visit To Smerdyakov
Chapter VIII. The Third And Last Interview With Smerdyakov
Chapter IX. The Devil. Ivan's Nightmare
Chapter X. "It Was He Who Said That"
Book XII. A Judicial Error
Chapter I. The Fatal Day
Chapter II. Dangerous Witnesses
Chapter III. The Medical Experts And A Pound Of Nuts
Chapter IV. Fortune Smiles On Mitya
Chapter V. A Sudden Catastrophe
Chapter VI. The Prosecutor's Speech. Sketches Of Character
Chapter VII. An Historical Survey
Chapter VIII. A Treatise On Smerdyakov
Chapter IX. The Galloping Troika. The End Of The Prosecutor's Speech.
Chapter X. The Speech For The Defense. An Argument That Cuts Both Ways
Chapter XI. There Was No Money. There Was No Robbery
Chapter XII. And There Was No Murder Either
Chapter XIII. A Corrupter Of Thought
Chapter XIV. The Peasants Stand Firm
Chapter I. Plans For Mitya's Escape
Chapter II. For A Moment The Lie Becomes Truth
Chapter III. Ilusha's Funeral. The Speech At The Stone

The Brothers Karamazov Text

Dostoyevsky - Dostoievski


Book I. The History Of A Family

Chapter I. Fyodor Pavlovitch Karamazov

Chapter - capítulo, sede, sección

Alexey Fyodorovitch Karamazov was the third son of Fyodor Pavlovitch Karamazov, a land owner well known in our district in his own day, and still remembered among us owing to his gloomy and tragic death, which happened thirteen years ago, and which I shall describe in its proper place. For the present I will only say that this "landowner""for so we used to call him, although he hardly spent a day of his life on his own estate"was a strange type, yet one pretty frequently to be met with, a type abject and vicious and at the same time senseless. But he was one of those senseless persons who are very well capable of looking after their worldly affairs, and, apparently, after nothing else.

third - la tercera; tercero, tercio, tercera

district - distrito, distrito

among - entre

owing to - Debido a

gloomy - lúgubre; lóbrego, sombrío

tragic - trágico

Death - muerte, la muerte, el arcano de la muerte

shall - sí; panish: ''shall followed by the infinitive is translated using the future tense''

proper - bien; adecuado, conveniente, preciso, propio

landowner - propietario; terrateniente

although - unque..; aunque, a pesar de

hardly - apenas, a duras penas

estate - patrimonio; propiedad, inmueble, bien, estamento, finca

strange - extrano; extrano, raro, anormal, desconocido

frequently - con frecuencia; frecuentemente

abject - abyecto

vicious - panish: t-needed

those - esos, esas, aquéllos, aquellas

capable - capaz

looking after - Cuidar

worldly - undano

affairs - asuntos; negocio, asunto, rollo, amorío, aventura

apparently - evidentemente, obviamente, por lo visto, aparentemente

Fyodor Pavlovitch, for instance, began with next to nothing; his estate was of the smallest; he ran to dine at other men's tables, and fastened on them as a toady, yet at his death it appeared that he had a hundred thousand roubles in hard cash. At the same time, he was all his life one of the most senseless, fantastical fellows in the whole district. I repeat, it was not stupidity"the majority of these fantastical fellows are shrewd and intelligent enough"but just senselessness, and a peculiar national form of it.

instance - caso, ejemplo, ocasión, instancia

dine - cenar

fastened - sujetado; atar, abrochar

toady - Idiota

appeared - apareció; aparecer, comparecer

roubles - rublos; rublo

hard cash - Efectivo

most senseless - el más insensato

fellows - companeros; tipo

stupidity - estupidez, burricie, tontería, idiotez

majority - mayoría, mayoría de edad

shrewd - perspicaz, astuto

intelligent - inteligente

peculiar - particular; peculiar, raro, específico

national - nacional, ciudadano

He was married twice, and had three sons, the eldest, Dmitri, by his first wife, and two, Ivan and Alexey, by his second. Fyodor Pavlovitch's first wife, AdelaĂŻda Ivanovna, belonged to a fairly rich and distinguished noble family, also landowners in our district, the MiĂĽsovs. How it came to pass that an heiress, who was also a beauty, and moreover one of those vigorous, intelligent girls, so common in this generation, but sometimes also to be found in the last, could have married such a worthless, puny weakling, as we all called him, I won't attempt to explain. I knew a young lady of the last "romantic" generation who after some years of an enigmatic passion for a gentleman, whom she might quite easily have married at any moment, invented insuperable obstacles to their union, and ended by throwing herself one stormy night into a rather deep and rapid river from a high bank, almost a precipice, and so perished, entirely to satisfy her own caprice, and to be like Shakespeare's Ophelia. Indeed, if this precipice, a chosen and favorite spot of hers, had been less picturesque, if there had been a prosaic flat bank in its place, most likely the suicide would never have taken place. This is a fact, and probably there have been not a few similar instances in the last two or three generations. AdelaĂŻda Ivanovna MiĂĽsov's action was similarly, no doubt, an echo of other people's ideas, and was due to the irritation caused by lack of mental freedom. She wanted, perhaps, to show her feminine independence, to override class distinctions and the despotism of her family. And a pliable imagination persuaded her, we must suppose, for a brief moment, that Fyodor Pavlovitch, in spite of his parasitic position, was one of the bold and ironical spirits of that progressive epoch, though he was, in fact, an illnatured buffoon and nothing more.

belonged - pertenecía; pertenecer, ser propiedad (de)

fairly - justamente; francamente, abiertamente, bastante

distinguished - istinguido; distinguir

noble family - familia noble

landowners - propietarios; terrateniente

heiress - heredera

beauty - belleza, hermosura, preciosidad, preciosura

Moreover - además, adicionalmente, otrosí

vigorous - vigoroso

Last - el último; último

such - cómo; así, tal, semejante, tan, qué

worthless - sin valor

puny - enclenque; flojo, gualtrapas, tirillas

weakling - enclenque, funingue, enclenque, pusilánime

attempt - intentar, tentativa, intento, ensayo

lady - senora; ama, senora, dama, bano de damas

romantic - romántico, romántico, romántica

enigmatic - enigmático

passion - pasión

gentleman - caballero, senores

whom - a quién; quién, quiénes, cuyo, quien

easily - fácilmente

invented - inventado; inventar

insuperable - insuperable

obstacles - obstáculos; obstáculo, óbice, traba, estorbo

Union - unión

throwing - Lanzamiento; (throw) Lanzamiento

stormy - borrascoso, tempestuoso, tormentoso

deep - profundo, hondo, fondo, ancho, bajo, grave, oscuro

rapid - rápido, rápido, rabión

almost - casi, por poco

precipice - precipicio

perished - pereció; perecer

satisfy - satisfacer

caprice - capricho

Shakespeare - Shakespeare

indeed - de verdad; de hecho, realmente, efectivamente, verdaderamente

favorite - favorito, preferido

picturesque - pintoresco

prosaic - prosaico

Likely - Es probable

suicide - suicidio, autolisis, suicida

instances - instancias; caso, ejemplo, ocasión, instancia

generations - generaciones; generación, generación, linaje

similarly - de forma similar; similarmente, igualmente, asimismo

doubt - dudas; dudar, duda, incertidumbre

Echo - eco, repercutir, repetir, hacer eco

due - debido; salir de cuentas, mérito

irritation - irritación

caused - causado; causa, causar

lack - falta; carecer de

freedom - libertad

Perhaps - acaso, quizá, quizás, tal vez

feminine - femenino, femenil, de mujeres, femenino

Independence - independencia

override - Anular

distinctions - distinciones; distinción

despotism - despotismo

pliable - plegable, flexible, moldeable, maleable

imagination - imaginación, magín

persuaded - persuadido; persuadir

suppose - supongo; suponer

brief - breve, corto, conciso, sucinto, escueto, resumen, poner al tanto

spite - rencor

parasitic - parásitos; parasítico, parasitario, parásito

position - posición, puesto, postura

bold - osado; valiente, audaz, atrevido

spirits - espíritus; espíritu, alma, onda, alcohol, bebida espirituosa

progressive - progresista, progresivo, progresista

epoch - época

though - ero..; no obstante, de todas formas, de todas maneras

buffoon - bufón, panish: t-needed

What gave the marriage piquancy was that it was preceded by an elopement, and this greatly captivated AdelaĂŻda Ivanovna's fancy. Fyodor Pavlovitch's position at the time made him specially eager for any such enterprise, for he was passionately anxious to make a career in one way or another. To attach himself to a good family and obtain a dowry was an alluring prospect. As for mutual love it did not exist apparently, either in the bride or in him, in spite of AdelaĂŻda Ivanovna's beauty. This was, perhaps, a unique case of the kind in the life of Fyodor Pavlovitch, who was always of a voluptuous temper, and ready to run after any petticoat on the slightest encouragement. She seems to have been the only woman who made no particular appeal to his senses.

marriage - matrimonio, boda, casamiento, unión

preceded - precedido; preceder, anteceder

elopement - fuga; panish: t-needed

greatly - en gran medida; grandemente, enormemente, sobremanera

captivated - cautivado; cautivar

fancy - te apetece; capricho, antojo

specially - especialmente

eager - ávido, ansioso, deseoso

enterprise - empresa, emprendimiento, empuje, iniciativa

passionately - con pasión; apasionadamente

anxious - ansioso, inquieto, deseoso

attach - acoplar; anexar, adjuntar

obtain - obtener, coger

dowry - dote

alluring - atractivo; Attactivo, Encanto

prospect - prospecto; perspectiva, vista, panorama, expectativa, prospectar

mutual - mutua; mutuo, recíproco

exist - existen; existir

either - cada, tampoco, o , o, ya sea...o

bride - novia

unique - único, senero

case - caso

voluptuous - voluptuosa; voluptuoso, sensual

temper - temperamento, temple, templar, temperar

run after - perseguir a

petticoat - enaguas

slightest - lo más mínimo; insignificante, leve, ligero, falta de respeto

encouragement - aliento; apoyo

Seems - te parece; parecer

particular - particular

appeal - apelación; suplicar, rogar

senses - sentidos; sentido, sensación, significado, acepción

Immediately after the elopement AdelaĂŻda Ivanovna discerned in a flash that she had no feeling for her husband but contempt. The marriage accordingly showed itself in its true colors with extraordinary rapidity. Although the family accepted the event pretty quickly and apportioned the runaway bride her dowry, the husband and wife began to lead a most disorderly life, and there were everlasting scenes between them. It was said that the young wife showed incomparably more generosity and dignity than Fyodor Pavlovitch, who, as is now known, got hold of all her money up to twentyfive thousand roubles as soon as she received it, so that those thousands were lost to her for ever. The little village and the rather fine town house which formed part of her dowry he did his utmost for a long time to transfer to his name, by means of some deed of conveyance. He would probably have succeeded, merely from her moral fatigue and desire to get rid of him, and from the contempt and loathing he aroused by his persistent and shameless importunity.

immediately - inmediatamente, de inmediato, ya, sin demora

discerned - iscernido; percibir, sensar, vislumbrar, discernir

flash - destello

contempt - desprecio, desdén, desgracia, deshonra, vergüenza, desacato

accordingly - en consecuencia, por consiguiente, consecuentemente

itself - en sí; se, solo, a si mismo, por si mismo, sí mismo

extraordinary - extraordinario, descomunal

rapidity - rapidez, celeridad

accepted - aceptado; aceptar

apportioned - proporcionado; distribuir, repartir

runaway - fugitivo, desbocado

lead - llevar; liderar; guiar, dirigir; provocar; encabezar; principal; plomo

disorderly - desordenada; desordenado

everlasting - perpetua; inmarcesible

scenes - escenas; escena, escenario

incomparably - incomparablemente

generosity - generosidad

dignity - dignidad

hold - sostener; tener en las manos, agarrar, asir

received - recibido; recibir

for ever - para siempre

town house - residencia urbana, palacete, casa adosada, finca

utmost - extremo, descollante, extremado, sobresaliente, sumo, máximo

transfer to - hacer trasbordo; moverse, mudarse; trasladarse

deed - hecho, acto, acción, obra, hazana; (dee); hecho, acto, acción

succeeded - tuvo éxito; suceder, conseguir, tener éxito, heredar

merely - simplemente; meramente, puramente, solamente, sólo

moral - moral, moraleja

fatigue - fatiga, fatigar, acosar

desire - desear, deseo, gana

rid - cabalgar; librar

loathing - odio, asco, repugnancia, repelo; (loathe); detestar, repugnar

aroused - excitado; provocar, incitar, concitar, excitar, despertar

persistent - persistente

shameless - sinvergüenza; desvergonzado, caradura, descarado, impúdico

But, fortunately, AdelaĂŻda Ivanovna's family intervened and circumvented his greediness. It is known for a fact that frequent fights took place between the husband and wife, but rumor had it that Fyodor Pavlovitch did not beat his wife but was beaten by her, for she was a hottempered, bold, darkbrowed, impatient woman, possessed of remarkable physical strength. Finally, she left the house and ran away from Fyodor Pavlovitch with a destitute divinity student, leaving Mitya, a child of three years old, in her husband's hands. Immediately Fyodor Pavlovitch introduced a regular harem into the house, and abandoned himself to orgies of drunkenness. In the intervals he used to drive all over the province, complaining tearfully to each and all of AdelaĂŻda Ivanovna's having left him, going into details too disgraceful for a husband to mention in regard to his own married life. What seemed to gratify him and flatter his selflove most was to play the ridiculous part of the injured husband, and to parade his woes with embellishments.

fortunately - afortunadamente, dichosamente

intervened - intervino; intervenir, involucrarse, interceder, meterse

circumvented - ludido; evitar, eludir, rodear, bordear, circunvalar

greediness - Avaricia

frequent - frecuente

fights - peleas; pelear (se), luchar

rumor - rumor, voz, rumorología, habladurías

beat - Golpear; latir

beaten - golpeado; batir, golpear, percutir

impatient - impaciente

possessed - poseído; poseer

remarkable - notable, remarcable, destacable

physical - físico, revisación

strength - fuerza, neque, potencia, intensidad, fuerte, fortaleza

finally - por fin, finalmente, por fin

destitute - indigente

divinity - deidad, divinidad

regular - regular, parroquiano

harem - harén

abandoned - abandonado; abandonar, dejar

orgies - orgías; orgía

drunkenness - borrachera, embriaguez, pedo, cogorza

intervals - intervalos; intervalo

province - provincia

complaining - quejándose; (complain); quejarse, alegar, reclamar, protestar

tearfully - con lágrimas

disgraceful - vergonzoso, deshonroso, escandaloso, ignominioso

mention - mención, mencionar, mentar

regard - respecto a; considerar

seemed - parecía; parecer

ridiculous - ridículo

injured - lastimado; herir, lastimar

parade - desfile

woes - problemas; pena, infortunio, ay

embellishments - dornos; embellecimiento

"One would think that you'd got a promotion, Fyodor Pavlovitch, you seem so pleased in spite of your sorrow," scoffers said to him. Many even added that he was glad of a new comic part in which to play the buffoon, and that it was simply to make it funnier that he pretended to be unaware of his ludicrous position. But, who knows, it may have been simplicity. At last he succeeded in getting on the track of his runaway wife. The poor woman turned out to be in Petersburg, where she had gone with her divinity student, and where she had thrown herself into a life of complete emancipation. Fyodor Pavlovitch at once began bustling about, making preparations to go to Petersburg, with what object he could not himself have said. He would perhaps have really gone; but having determined to do so he felt at once entitled to fortify himself for the journey by another bout of reckless drinking.

promotion - ascenso, promoción, divulgación, propagación

Seem - parecer

sorrow - pena; tristeza, aflicción, infelicidad, pesar

scoffers - Bufón

Glad - feliz, alegre, contento

comic - cómico, cómico, comediante, cómic, tebeo, historieta

Simply - simplemente, sencillamente

pretended - fingido; fingir, de mentirijillas

unaware - inconsciente, desprevenido, ignorante

ludicrous - irrisorio, ridículo, disparatado, descabellado

simplicity - simplicidad, sencillez, llano

getting on - subirse a, triunfar

track - pista; rastro, huella, trilla, trillo, sendero, curso

poor woman - Pobre mujer

Petersburg - Petersburgo

gone with - Ir con; pegar con; salir con

thrown - tirado; lanzar, tirar

Emancipation - emancipación

bustling - ulliciosa; ajetreado; (bustle); polisón, abundar

bout - ataque (med), rato

preparations - preparativos; preparación

determined - determinado; determinar

entitled - con derecho; intitular

fortify - fortalecer, panish: t-needed

reckless - imprudente, temerario, desconsiderado

And just at that time his wife's family received the news of her death in Petersburg. She had died quite suddenly in a garret, according to one story, of typhus, or as another version had it, of starvation. Fyodor Pavlovitch was drunk when he heard of his wife's death, and the story is that he ran out into the street and began shouting with joy, raising his hands to Heaven: "Lord, now lettest Thou Thy servant depart in peace," but others say he wept without restraint like a little child, so much so that people were sorry for him, in spite of the repulsion he inspired. It is quite possible that both versions were true, that he rejoiced at his release, and at the same time wept for her who released him. As a general rule, people, even the wicked, are much more naĂŻve and simplehearted than we suppose. And we ourselves are, too.

suddenly - de repente, repentinamente, de pronto, súbitamente

garret - buhardilla

according - de acuerdo; acuerdo, convenio, acordar, conceder, conferir

typhus - tifus

starvation - inanición

joy - alegría, júbilo

Heaven - el cielo; cielo, firmamento, paraíso

Lord - senor; castellano, senor

thou - tú; vos

thy - tu; vuestro, vuestra, vuestros, vuestras

servant - sirviente, criado, mozo, doméstico

depart - irse, salir, partir, panish:

peace - paz, sosiego

wept - lloró; llorar

restraint - restricción, limitación, reserva, moderación, autocontrol

repulsion - repulsión

inspired - inspirado; inspirar, infundir

versions - versiones; versión

rejoiced - se alegró; alegrarse, regocijarse

released - liberado; liberar

general - general, general

wicked - malvado, cruel, insoportable; (wick) malvado, cruel

Chapter II. He Gets Rid Of His Eldest Son

You can easily imagine what a father such a man could be and how he would bring up his children. His behavior as a father was exactly what might be expected. He completely abandoned the child of his marriage with AdelaĂŻda Ivanovna, not from malice, nor because of his matrimonial grievances, but simply because he forgot him.

behavior - comportamiento, conducta, proceder

exactly - exactamente, exacto

expected - esperado; esperar, checkaguardar

completely - completamente, totalmente, rematadamente, de todo punto

malice - malicia

matrimonial - matrimonial

grievances - quejas; queja, agravio

While he was wearying every one with his tears and complaints, and turning his house into a sink of debauchery, a faithful servant of the family, Grigory, took the threeyearold Mitya into his care. If he hadn't looked after him there would have been no one even to change the baby's little shirt.

wearying - cansado, cansino, cansar

Tears - lágrimas; lágrima

complaints - quejas; queja, denuncia, problema, afección

sink - hundir, sumergir, sumergirse, lavamanos, fregadero, desagüe

debauchery - del libertinaje; libertinaje, puterío

faithful - fieles; fiel, leal

care - te importa; cuidado

looked after - cuidar

It happened moreover that the child's relations on his mother's side forgot him too at first. His grandfather was no longer living, his widow, Mitya's grandmother, had moved to Moscow, and was seriously ill, while his daughters were married, so that Mitya remained for almost a whole year in old Grigory's charge and lived with him in the servant's cottage. But if his father had remembered him (he could not, indeed, have been altogether unaware of his existence) he would have sent him back to the cottage, as the child would only have been in the way of his debaucheries. But a cousin of Mitya's mother, Pyotr Alexandrovitch MiĂĽsov, happened to return from Paris. He lived for many years afterwards abroad, but was at that time quite a young man, and distinguished among the MiĂĽsovs as a man of enlightened ideas and of European culture, who had been in the capitals and abroad. Towards the end of his life he became a Liberal of the type common in the forties and fifties. In the course of his career he had come into contact with many of the most liberal men of his epoch, both in Russia and abroad. He had known Proudhon and Bakunin personally, and in his declining years was very fond of describing the three days of the Paris Revolution of February 1848, hinting that he himself had almost taken part in the fighting on the barricades. This was one of the most grateful recollections of his youth. He had an independent property of about a thousand souls, to reckon in the old style. His splendid estate lay on the outskirts of our little town and bordered on the lands of our famous monastery, with which Pyotr Alexandrovitch began an endless lawsuit, almost as soon as he came into the estate, concerning the rights of fishing in the river or woodcutting in the forest, I don't know exactly which.

relations - relación, pariente

side - lado

widow - viuda, enviudar

Moscow - Moscú

seriously ill - gravemente enfermo

remained - se quedó; resto, restos, quedarse, sobrar, restar, permanecer

charge - cargo, acusación, encargo, figura, acusar, cobrar, cargar

cottage - cabana; chalet

altogether - todos juntos; totalmente, completamente, en general, en suma

existence - existencia

debaucheries - ibertinajes; libertinaje, puterío

afterwards - después

abroad - en el extranjero, en el exterior

enlightened - ilustrado; iluminar, alumbrar, ilustrar

European - europeo, europea

towards - hacia, sobre, para

contact - contacto, contactar, entrar en contacto con

most liberal - el más liberal

Russia - Rusia

personally - personalmente

declining - declinando; declive, retroceso, decadencia

fond - carinoso, afectuoso

revolution - revolución, vuelta, giro

hinting - insinuación; pista, indicio, indirecta, buscapié, toque

fighting - luchando; lucha, guerra; (fight) luchando; lucha, guerra

barricades - barricadas; barricada

most grateful - más agradecido

recollections - Recuerdo

youth - jóvenes; juventud, adolescencia, mocedad, anos mozos, joven

independent - independiente

property - propiedad, posesión, inmueble, bien

souls - almas; alma, espíritu

reckon - te parece; considerar

splendid - espléndido

lay on - poner encima de algo; aprovisionar

outskirts - a las afueras; afueras

bordered - bordeado; frontera, borde, cenefa, orla, parterre

monastery - monasterio

endless - interminable, sin fin, infinito

lawsuit - demanda; proceso judicial, proceso, pleito, litigio

concerning - preocupante; preocupación, referirse a, ataner, concernir

forest - bosque, floresta, selva, foresta, forestar; (fore); bosque

He regarded it as his duty as a citizen and a man of culture to open an attack upon the "clericals." Hearing all about AdelaĂŻda Ivanovna, whom he, of course, remembered, and in whom he had at one time been interested, and learning of the existence of Mitya, he intervened, in spite of all his youthful indignation and contempt for Fyodor Pavlovitch. He made the latter's acquaintance for the first time, and told him directly that he wished to undertake the child's education. He used long afterwards to tell as a characteristic touch, that when he began to speak of Mitya, Fyodor Pavlovitch looked for some time as though he did not understand what child he was talking about, and even as though he was surprised to hear that he had a little son in the house. The story may have been exaggerated, yet it must have been something like the truth.

regarded - considerado; considerar

Duty - deber, obligación, cometido, menester, arancel

citizen - ciudadano, ciudadana

attack - ataque, atacar

upon - sobre, en, tras

clericals - clérigos; clerical

youthful - juvenil, joven

indignation - indignación

acquaintance - conocido; amistad, conocimiento, junta, relación

directly - directamente, en derechura

wished - deseaba; deseo, gana, desear

undertake - emprender, acometer

education - educación

characteristic - característico, característica

touch - tocar, conmover, toque, toque, tacto, pizca

looked for - buscar

surprised - sorprendido; sorpresa, sorprender

exaggerated - exagerado; exagerar

truth - verdad

Fyodor Pavlovitch was all his life fond of acting, of suddenly playing an unexpected part, sometimes without any motive for doing so, and even to his own direct disadvantage, as, for instance, in the present case. This habit, however, is characteristic of a very great number of people, some of them very clever ones, not like Fyodor Pavlovitch. Pyotr Alexandrovitch carried the business through vigorously, and was appointed, with Fyodor Pavlovitch, joint guardian of the child, who had a small property, a house and land, left him by his mother. Mitya did, in fact, pass into this cousin's keeping, but as the latter had no family of his own, and after securing the revenues of his estates was in haste to return at once to Paris, he left the boy in charge of one of his cousins, a lady living in Moscow.

acting - actuando; interino, en funciones, suplente

unexpected - inesperado, inopinado

motive - motivo, móbil

Direct - directo, dirigir

disadvantage - desventaja

habit - hábito, costumbre

clever - inteligente; ágil, hábil, listo, talentoso, habiloso

vigorously - enérgicamente; vigorosamente

appointed - nombrado; equipar, determinar, fijar, designar, nombrar

joint - en común, comunitario, en conjunto, articulación, coyuntura

guardian - guardián, guardia, apoderado, tutor, custodio, jefe

pass into - pasar a

securing - asegurando; seguro, resguardado, confiable, aplomado

revenues - ingresos; retorno, renta, recaudación, rédito

estates - incas; propiedad, inmueble, bien, estamento, finca

haste - prisa, premura

It came to pass that, settling permanently in Paris he, too, forgot the child, especially when the Revolution of February broke out, making an impression on his mind that he remembered all the rest of his life. The Moscow lady died, and Mitya passed into the care of one of her married daughters. I believe he changed his home a fourth time later on. I won't enlarge upon that now, as I shall have much to tell later of Fyodor Pavlovitch's firstborn, and must confine myself now to the most essential facts about him, without which I could not begin my story.

settling - asentarse; sedimento, decantación

permanently - permanentemente, constantemente, continuamente

especially - especialmente, sobre todo, máxime, más

broke out - estallar; escapar; librar(se)

impression - impresión

mind - mente, concentración, opinión, juicio, propósito, voluntad

rest - descansar; descanso, reposo

passed - pasó; pasar(por), dejar atrás

enlarge - ampliar, agrandar, engrandecer

firstborn - primogénito, primogénita

confine - confinar, encorsetar, confín, raya

myself - yo mismo; me

most essential - lo más esencial

In the first place, this Mitya, or rather Dmitri Fyodorovitch, was the only one of Fyodor Pavlovitch's three sons who grew up in the belief that he had property, and that he would be independent on coming of age. He spent an irregular boyhood and youth. He did not finish his studies at the gymnasium, he got into a military school, then went to the Caucasus, was promoted, fought a duel, and was degraded to the ranks, earned promotion again, led a wild life, and spent a good deal of money. He did not begin to receive any income from Fyodor Pavlovitch until he came of age, and until then got into debt. He saw and knew his father, Fyodor Pavlovitch, for the first time on coming of age, when he visited our neighborhood on purpose to settle with him about his property. He seems not to have liked his father. He did not stay long with him, and made haste to get away, having only succeeded in obtaining a sum of money, and entering into an agreement for future payments from the estate, of the revenues and value of which he was unable (a fact worthy of note), upon this occasion, to get a statement from his father. Fyodor Pavlovitch remarked for the first time then (this, too, should be noted) that Mitya had a vague and exaggerated idea of his property. Fyodor Pavlovitch was very well satisfied with this, as it fell in with his own designs.

belief - creencia

irregular - irregular

boyhood - ninez; ninez

gymnasium - gimnasio, instituto

military - militar, ejército

Caucasus - Cáucaso

promoted - promocionado; promover, ascender

fought - luchó; pelear (se), luchar

duel - duelo

degraded - degradado; degradar, erosionar

ranks - rangos; rango, graduación

earned - ganado; ganar

led - llevado; led; (lead) llevado; led

wild - salvaje, bravío

deal - trato, acuerdo, pacto

receive - recibir

income - ingresos, renta

debt - deuda, pufo

neighborhood - vecindad, barrio, vecindario, cercanía

on purpose - a propósito

settle - nos conformamos; instalar, colocar

obtaining - obteniendo; obtener, coger

sum - suma

entering into - entrar en

agreement - acuerdo, convenio, contrato, concordancia

payments - pagos; pago, pago

value - valor, importancia, valorar, cifrar, apreciar

unable - incapaz

worthy - Digno

Occasion - ocasión, ocasionar

remarked - remarcado; observación, comentario

vague - vago, impreciso

satisfied - satisfecho; satisfacer

He gathered only that the young man was frivolous, unruly, of violent passions, impatient, and dissipated, and that if he could only obtain ready money he would be satisfied, although only, of course, for a short time. So Fyodor Pavlovitch began to take advantage of this fact, sending him from time to time small doles, installments. In the end, when four years later, Mitya, losing patience, came a second time to our little town to settle up once for all with his father, it turned out to his amazement that he had nothing, that it was difficult to get an account even, that he had received the whole value of his property in sums of money from Fyodor Pavlovitch, and was perhaps even in debt to him, that by various agreements into which he had, of his own desire, entered at various previous dates, he had no right to expect anything more, and so on, and so on. The young man was overwhelmed, suspected deceit and cheating, and was almost beside himself. And, indeed, this circumstance led to the catastrophe, the account of which forms the subject of my first introductory story, or rather the external side of it. But before I pass to that story I must say a little of Fyodor Pavlovitch's other two sons, and of their origin.

gathered - reunidos; juntar, recoger, recolectar, acumular, reunir

frivolous - frívolo, banal, nimio, trivial

unruly - ingobernable; revoltoso, descontrolado, incontrolable, díscolo

violent - violento

passions - pasiones; pasión

be satisfied - estar satisfecho

advantage - ventaja, beneficio, provecho

doles - doles; repartir

installments - entrega

patience - paciencia, solitario

once for all - de una vez por todas

amazement - asombro, sorpresa

account - cuenta

sums - suma

various - varios, diversos, diferentes, distintos

agreements - acuerdos; acuerdo, convenio, contrato, concordancia

entered - entró; entrar

previous - previo, anterior

expect - esperar, checkaguardar

overwhelmed - aburrido; agobiar, abrumar, checkagobiar

suspected - sospechas; barruntar, sospechar, sospechoso

deceit - engano; bellaquería, fraude, engano, embeleco

cheating - haciendo trampas; enganar, estafar, timar

beside - al lado de, cabe

circumstance - circunstancia

catastrophe - una catástrofe; catástrofe

introductory - introductorio

external - externa; externo

origin - origen

Chapter III. The Second Marriage And The Second Family

Very shortly after getting his fouryearold Mitya off his hands Fyodor Pavlovitch married a second time. His second marriage lasted eight years. He took this second wife, Sofya Ivanovna, also a very young girl, from another province, where he had gone upon some small piece of business in company with a Jew. Though Fyodor Pavlovitch was a drunkard and a vicious debauchee he never neglected investing his capital, and managed his business affairs very successfully, though, no doubt, not over scrupulously. Sofya Ivanovna was the daughter of an obscure deacon, and was left from childhood an orphan without relations.

shortly - pronto, en breve

lasted - duró; último

small piece - pieza pequena

Jew - judío, judía, judíos

drunkard - Borracho

neglected - desatendida; descuidar, negligir, desoír, hacer caso omiso

investing - invertir

managed - manejado; manejar, conseguir, lograr, apanárselas

successfully - con éxito; exitosamente

scrupulously - escrupulosamente

obscure - oscuro; obscuro, esconder, ocultar

Deacon - diácono

childhood - infancia, ninez

orphan - huérfano, huérfana

She grew up in the house of a general's widow, a wealthy old lady of good position, who was at once her benefactress and tormentor. I do not know the details, but I have only heard that the orphan girl, a meek and gentle creature, was once cut down from a halter in which she was hanging from a nail in the loft, so terrible were her sufferings from the caprice and everlasting nagging of this old woman, who was apparently not badhearted but had become an insufferable tyrant through idleness.

wealthy - ricos; adinerado, rico, próspero, acomodado

tormentor - atormentador

meek - dócil; modesto, humilde, resignado, sumiso, manso

gentle - tierno, suave, tranquilo, medido, gradual, amable

creature - criatura

cut down - cortar, talar, reducir, recortar

halter - cabestro, ronzal; (halt) cabestro, ronzal

hanging - Colgando; (hang) Colgando

nail - un clavo; una

loft - altillo; desván, buhardilla, elevar

sufferings - ufrimientos; sufrido, sufriente, sufrimiento

nagging - molestando; reganar, dar la lata a alguien

insufferable - insufrible, insoportable

tyrant - tirano

idleness - ociosidad; inactividad, holganza, indolencia

Fyodor Pavlovitch made her an offer; inquiries were made about him and he was refused. But again, as in his first marriage, he proposed an elopement to the orphan girl. There is very little doubt that she would not on any account have married him if she had known a little more about him in time. But she lived in another province; besides, what could a little girl of sixteen know about it, except that she would be better at the bottom of the river than remaining with her benefactress.

inquiries - consultas; inquisición, indagatoria, pesquisa

refused - rechazado; negarse (a)

proposed - propuesta; proponer, pedir la mano, pedir matrimonio

besides - además; al lado de, cabe

Except - exceptuar, excepto, salvo, exceptuando, menos, salvo que

bottom - fondo, culo, pasivo

remaining - quedan; resto, restos, quedarse, sobrar, restar, permanecer

So the poor child exchanged a benefactress for a benefactor. Fyodor Pavlovitch did not get a penny this time, for the general's widow was furious. She gave them nothing and cursed them both. But he had not reckoned on a dowry; what allured him was the remarkable beauty of the innocent girl, above all her innocent appearance, which had a peculiar attraction for a vicious profligate, who had hitherto admired only the coarser types of feminine beauty.

exchanged - intercambiado; cambiar

benefactor - bienhechor, benefactor

penny - un penique; penique

furious - furioso

cursed - Maldito; (curs) Maldito

reckoned - contó; considerar

allured - atraído; Attactivo, Encanto

innocent - inocente

appearance - aparición, apariencia, hechura, estampa, aire

Attraction - atracción

profligate - espilfarrador; disoluto, inmoral

hitherto - hasta ahora, hasta aquí, hasta este momento, en ese entonces

admired - admirado; admirar

coarser - más grueso; tosco, rústico, rudo, bruto

"Those innocent eyes slit my soul up like a razor," he used to say afterwards, with his loathsome snigger. In a man so depraved this might, of course, mean no more than sensual attraction. As he had received no dowry with his wife, and had, so to speak, taken her "from the halter," he did not stand on ceremony with her. Making her feel that she had "wronged" him, he took advantage of her phenomenal meekness and submissiveness to trample on the elementary decencies of marriage. He gathered loose women into his house, and carried on orgies of debauchery in his wife's presence. To show what a pass things had come to, I may mention that Grigory, the gloomy, stupid, obstinate, argumentative servant, who had always hated his first mistress, AdelaĂŻda Ivanovna, took the side of his new mistress. He championed her cause, abusing Fyodor Pavlovitch in a manner little befitting a servant, and on one occasion broke up the revels and drove all the disorderly women out of the house. In the end this unhappy young woman, kept in terror from her childhood, fell into that kind of nervous disease which is most frequently found in peasant women who are said to be "possessed by devils.

slit - ranura, abertura, rendija, fisura, raja

soul - alma, espíritu

razor - navaja, razuradora, cuchilla, gillete, gillette

loathsome - asqueroso; aborrecible, detestable, odioso, abominable

sensual - sensual

ceremony - ceremonia

phenomenal - fenomenal

meekness - mansedumbre

trample on - pisar

elementary - elemental, primaria

decencies - decencias; decencia

loose - suelto; flojo

presence - presencia

pass - pasar(por), dejar atrás

stupid - estúpido, menso, gilí, pendejo

obstinate - obstinado, obcecado, porfiado

argumentative - argumentativo; discutidor, peleón, polemista, beligerante

Mistress - senora; duena, maestra, querida, amante, barragana, manceba, ama

championed - defendido; campeón, campeona, adalid, valedor, abanderado

cause - por qué; causa, causar

abusing - abusando; Abuso

manner - de qué manera; manera, modo, forma, actitud

revels - juergas; deleitarse

unhappy - infeliz

terror - terror

nervous - nervioso

disease - enfermedad, dolencia

peasant women - mujeres campesinas

possessed - Posees

devils - demonios; diablo

At times after terrible fits of hysterics she even lost her reason. Yet she bore Fyodor Pavlovitch two sons, Ivan and Alexey, the eldest in the first year of marriage and the second three years later. When she died, little Alexey was in his fourth year, and, strange as it seems, I know that he remembered his mother all his life, like a dream, of course. At her death almost exactly the same thing happened to the two little boys as to their elder brother, Mitya. They were completely forgotten and abandoned by their father. They were looked after by the same Grigory and lived in his cottage, where they were found by the tyrannical old lady who had brought up their mother. She was still alive, and had not, all those eight years, forgotten the insult done her. All that time she was obtaining exact information as to her Sofya's manner of life, and hearing of her illness and hideous surroundings she declared aloud two or three times to her retainers:

fits - encaja; sano, en forma

bore - perforar; (bear) perforar

dream - sueno; sueno, ensueno, sonar

tyrannical - tiránico, tirano, de ordeno y mando

alive - vivo, viviente

insult - insultar, insulto, ofensa, improperio

exact - exacto, exigir

illness - enfermedad, panish: t-needed

hideous - horrible, odioso, chocante, atemorizante

surroundings - alrededores; periferia, rededor, derredor, circundante

declared - declarado; explicar, aclarar, declarar

aloud - en voz alta, de viva voz

retainers - retenedores; criado, retenedor

"It serves her right. God has punished her for her ingratitude."

serves - sirve; servicio, servir, desempenar, fungir, operar, cernir

God - endiosar, idolatrar, deificar

punished - castigado; castigar, punir, maltratar

ingratitude - ingratitud

Exactly three months after Sofya Ivanovna's death the general's widow suddenly appeared in our town, and went straight to Fyodor Pavlovitch's house. She spent only half an hour in the town but she did a great deal. It was evening. Fyodor Pavlovitch, whom she had not seen for those eight years, came in to her drunk. The story is that instantly upon seeing him, without any sort of explanation, she gave him two good, resounding slaps on the face, seized him by a tuft of hair, and shook him three times up and down. Then, without a word, she went straight to the cottage to the two boys.

straight - recto, liso, franco, directo, puro, convencional, hetero

instantly - al instante, al hilo, al tiro, instantáneamente

sort - cómo; clase, tipo, género

explanation - explicación

resounding - resonante; resonar

slaps - bofetadas; bofetada, cachetada, abofetear, cachetear, golpear

seized - incautado; agarrar, apoderarse de, apresar, aferrar, tomar

tuft - mechón

shook - Sacudido; (shake); agitar, sacudir, checksacudir, sacudida

Seeing, at the first glance, that they were unwashed and in dirty linen, she promptly gave Grigory, too, a box on the ear, and announcing that she would carry off both the children she wrapped them just as they were in a rug, put them in the carriage, and drove off to her own town. Grigory accepted the blow like a devoted slave, without a word, and when he escorted the old lady to her carriage he made her a low bow and pronounced impressively that, "God would repay her for the orphans." "You are a blockhead all the same," the old lady shouted to him as she drove away.

glance - mirada; ojear, echar un vistazo, mirar, pispear, vistazo

unwashed - Sin lavar

linen - lino, linge, ropa blanca, linocros

promptly - pronto; inmediatamente, rápidamente

announcing - anunciando; anunciar, declarar

carry off - conseguir

wrapped - envuelto; enrollar

rug - tapete, alfombra, alfombrilla

carriage - coche, carruaje

blow - soplar; golpe

devoted - dedicado; dedicar

slave - esclavo, esclava, checkesclava

escorted - con escolta; escolta, acompanante, escoltar

bow - arco; inclinar(se), hacer una reverencia

pronounced - pronunciado; pronunciar

impressively - impresionantemente

repay - repagar; devolver, pagar

Orphans - huérfanos; huérfano, huérfana

blockhead - cabeza de bloque; idiota

shouted - gritó; grito

drove away - se alejó

Fyodor Pavlovitch, thinking it over, decided that it was a good thing, and did not refuse the general's widow his formal consent to any proposition in regard to his children's education. As for the slaps she had given him, he drove all over the town telling the story.

refuse - rechazar; negarse (a)

formal - formal, oficial

consent - consentir, consentimiento, venia, anuencia

proposition - propuesta, proposición

It happened that the old lady died soon after this, but she left the boys in her will a thousand roubles each "for their instruction, and so that all be spent on them exclusively, with the condition that it be so portioned out as to last till they are twentyone, for it is more than adequate provision for such children. If other people think fit to throw away their money, let them." I have not read the will myself, but I heard there was something queer of the sort, very whimsically expressed. The principal heir, Yefim Petrovitch Polenov, the Marshal of Nobility of the province, turned out, however, to be an honest man. Writing to Fyodor Pavlovitch, and discerning at once that he could extract nothing from him for his children's education (though the latter never directly refused but only procrastinated as he always did in such cases, and was, indeed, at times effusively sentimental), Yefim Petrovitch took a personal interest in the orphans. He became especially fond of the younger, Alexey, who lived for a long while as one of his family. I beg the reader to note this from the beginning. And to Yefim Petrovitch, a man of a generosity and humanity rarely to be met with, the young people were more indebted for their education and bringing up than to any one. He kept the two thousand roubles left to them by the general's widow intact, so that by the time they came of age their portions had been doubled by the accumulation of interest. He educated them both at his own expense, and certainly spent far more than a thousand roubles upon each of them. I won't enter into a detailed account of their boyhood and youth, but will only mention a few of the most important events. Of the elder, Ivan, I will only say that he grew into a somewhat morose and reserved, though far from timid boy. At ten years old he had realized that they were living not in their own home but on other people's charity, and that their father was a man of whom it was disgraceful to speak. This boy began very early, almost in his infancy (so they say at least), to show a brilliant and unusual aptitude for learning. I don't know precisely why, but he left the family of Yefim Petrovitch when he was hardly thirteen, entering a Moscow gymnasium, and boarding with an experienced and celebrated teacher, an old friend of Yefim Petrovitch. Ivan used to declare afterwards that this was all due to the "ardor for good works" of Yefim Petrovitch, who was captivated by the idea that the boy's genius should be trained by a teacher of genius. But neither Yefim Petrovitch nor this teacher was living when the young man finished at the gymnasium and entered the university. As Yefim Petrovitch had made no provision for the payment of the tyrannical old lady's legacy, which had grown from one thousand to two, it was delayed, owing to formalities inevitable in Russia, and the young man was in great straits for the first two years at the university, as he was forced to keep himself all the time he was studying.

heir - heredero, sucesor, checkheredera

instruction - instrucción

exclusively - exclusivamente

condition - stado; condición, situación, acondicionar

portioned - en porciones; porción

adequate - adecuado

provision - provisión, aprovisionar, avituallar

fit - sano, en forma

throw away - Tirar a la basura

queer - raro, extrano, trucha, marica, maricón

expressed - expresado; expresar

principal - principal, capital, director, directora, principal de escuela

Marshal - mariscal, formar, recopilar, empaquetar

nobility - nobleza

honest - honesto, sincero; (hon); honesto, sincero

discerning - percibir, sensar, vislumbrar, discernir

extract - extracto, fragmento, pasaje, extraer, sacar

procrastinated - procrastinado; hacer desidia, procrastinar, dejar para después

cases - asos; caso

effusively - efusivamente

sentimental - sentimental, sentimentaloide, sensiblero, cursi

beg - pedir limosna; pedir

humanity - la humanidad; humanidad

rarely - rara vez, poco frecuentemente, raramente

indebted - endeudado

bringing up - sacar el tema; criar, educar; vomitar

intact - intacto

portions - porciones; porción

doubled - doble, doblado, bicapa, encorvado, doble, sosias, duplicar

accumulation - acumulación

educated - educado; educar, instruir

Certainly - seguro; ciertamente, sin duda, a todas luces, por supuesto

enter into - entrar, involucrarse

somewhat - algo, un poco, de algún modo, de alguna manera

morose - moroso; malhumorado

reserved - reservado; reserva, reservar

timid - tímido

realized - te has dado cuenta; realizar, darse cuenta, caer en la cuenta

charity - caridad, amor al prójimo, entidad benéfica

brilliant - brillante, perla

unusual - inusual, inusitado, desusado

aptitude - aptitud, capacidad, conveniencia

precisely - exactamente; precisamente

entering - Entrando; (enter); entrar

boarding - abordando; embarque; (board) abordando; embarque

experienced - con experiencia; experiencia, vivencia, experimentar, vivir

celebrated - celebrado; honrar, loar, alabar, celebrar, festejar

declare - explicar, aclarar, declarar

ardor - fervor, ardor, pasión

genius - genio, genia

neither - ninguno de los dos; ninguno, ningún, ni X ni Y, tampoco

payment - pago, pago

legacy - legado, herencia

delayed - retrasado; aplazar, retrasar

owing - deber, adeudar, estar en deuda

formalities - ormalidades; formalidad

inevitable - inevitable

straits - strechos; estrecho, paso, aprieto

forced - forzado; fuerza

It must be noted that he did not even attempt to communicate with his father, perhaps from pride, from contempt for him, or perhaps from his cool common sense, which told him that from such a father he would get no real assistance. However that may have been, the young man was by no means despondent and succeeded in getting work, at first giving sixpenny lessons and afterwards getting paragraphs on street incidents into the newspapers under the signature of "EyeWitness." These paragraphs, it was said, were so interesting and piquant that they were soon taken. This alone showed the young man's practical and intellectual superiority over the masses of needy and unfortunate students of both sexes who hang about the offices of the newspapers and journals, unable to think of anything better than everlasting entreaties for copying and translations from the French. Having once got into touch with the editors Ivan Fyodorovitch always kept up his connection with them, and in his latter years at the university he published brilliant reviews of books upon various special subjects, so that he became well known in literary circles. But only in his last year he suddenly succeeded in attracting the attention of a far wider circle of readers, so that a great many people noticed and remembered him. It was rather a curious incident. When he had just left the university and was preparing to go abroad upon his two thousand roubles, Ivan Fyodorovitch published in one of the more important journals a strange article, which attracted general notice, on a subject of which he might have been supposed to know nothing, as he was a student of natural science. The article dealt with a subject which was being debated everywhere at the time"the position of the ecclesiastical courts. After discussing several opinions on the subject he went on to explain his own view. What was most striking about the article was its tone, and its unexpected conclusion. Many of the Church party regarded him unquestioningly as on their side. And yet not only the secularists but even atheists joined them in their applause. Finally some sagacious persons opined that the article was nothing but an impudent satirical burlesque. I mention this incident particularly because this article penetrated into the famous monastery in our neighborhood, where the inmates, being particularly interested in the question of the ecclesiastical courts, were completely bewildered by it. Learning the author's name, they were interested in his being a native of the town and the son of "that Fyodor Pavlovitch." And just then it was that the author himself made his appearance among us.

communicate - comunicarse; comunicar, compartir, comulgar

pride - orgullo, soberbia, cachondez, toriondez, verriondez, manada

sense - sentido, sensación, significado, acepción, significación, sentir

assistance - asistencia

despondent - desanimado; abatido, descorazonado

sixpenny - 6 peniques

Incidents - incidentes; incidente

signature - firma, checkpliego

piquant - picante

alone - solo, a solas

practical - práctico

intellectual - intelectual

superiority - superioridad

masses - masas; montón, masa

needy - necesitado, pobre, menesteroso

unfortunate - desafortunado, desgraciado

sexes - exos; sexo

hang about - andar por; !un momento!, !espera!

journals - diarios; revista

entreaties - suplicas; petición, solicitud, plegaria

copying - copiando; copia, ejemplar, copiar, imitar, recibir

translations - traducciones; traducción, transmisión, traslación

French - francés, franceses

editors - editores; editor, editora, director, directora, redactor

kept up - seguir el ritmo

connection - vinculación, conexión, trabazón, ligazón

published - publicado; publicar, divulgar

Reviews - consideraciones; repaso, revisión, repasos, revisiones, crítica

literary - literaria; literario

circles - círculos; círculo, circunferencia, esfera, curva, grupo

attracting - atrayendo; atraer, llamar

attention - atención

wider - más ancho; ancho, amplio, lateral

noticed - te has dado cuenta; comunicación, notificación, darse cuenta

Curious - tienes curiosidad; curioso; extrano, raro

go abroad - Ir al extranjero

attracted - atraído; atraer, llamar

supposed - se supone; suponer

dealt - tratado; trato, acuerdo, pacto

debated - ebatido; debate, debatir

everywhere - en todas partes; todos lados, todo lugar, por todas partes

Ecclesiastical - eclesiástico

Courts - tribunales; patio, callejón, corte, tribunal, juzgado

several - varios, varias

most striking - el más llamativo/impresionante

tone - tono

conclusion - conclusión

church - iglesia, servicio religioso, culto, misa

unquestioningly - sin dudarlo; incondicionalmente, a pies juntillas

atheists - ateos; ateo, atea

applause - aplausos; aplauso

sagacious - sagaz

opined - opinar

impudent - imprudente; insolente, descarado, fresco

satirical - satírico

particularly - en particular; particularmente

penetrated - penetrado; penetrar

inmates - reclusos; internado, interno, preso, recluso

bewildered - perplejo; confundir, desconcertar

author - autor, autora, escritor, escritora, escribir

native of - natural de

Why Ivan Fyodorovitch had come amongst us I remember asking myself at the time with a certain uneasiness. This fateful visit, which was the first step leading to so many consequences, I never fully explained to myself. It seemed strange on the face of it that a young man so learned, so proud, and apparently so cautious, should suddenly visit such an infamous house and a father who had ignored him all his life, hardly knew him, never thought of him, and would not under any circumstances have given him money, though he was always afraid that his sons Ivan and Alexey would also come to ask him for it. And here the young man was staying in the house of such a father, had been living with him for two months, and they were on the best possible terms.

amongst - entre

Certain - seguro; cierto, cierto, cierta

uneasiness - inquietud; desazón

fateful - atídico; funesto

step - paso

leading - dirigiendo; (lead) dirigiendo

consequences - consecuencias; consecuencia

fully - totalmente; completamente, a fondo

proud - orgulloso

cautious - cauto, cauteloso, precavido, cuidadoso

infamous - infame; de mala fama, malfamado, malafamado

ignored - ignorado; ignorar, desoír

circumstances - circunstancias; circunstancia

best possible - lo mejor posible

terms - condiciones; período, etapa

This last fact was a special cause of wonder to many others as well as to me. Pyotr Alexandrovitch MiĂĽsov, of whom we have spoken already, the cousin of Fyodor Pavlovitch's first wife, happened to be in the neighborhood again on a visit to his estate. He had come from Paris, which was his permanent home. I remember that he was more surprised than any one when he made the acquaintance of the young man, who interested him extremely, and with whom he sometimes argued and not without an inner pang compared himself in acquirements.

wonder - me pregunto; maravilla, milagro, genio, asombro, pasmo

permanent - permanente

extremely - extremadamente, sumamente, harto

argued - rgumentado; argumentar, debatir, discutir

pang - punzada, dolor agudo

acquirements - adquisición

"He is proud," he used to say, "he will never be in want of pence; he has got money enough to go abroad now. What does he want here? Every one can see that He hasn't come for money, for his father would never give him any. He has no taste for drink and dissipation, and yet his father can't do without him. They get on so well together!"

He hasn't come - No ha venido

taste - gusto, gusto, gustos, muestra, gustar, probar, catar, saber

dissipation - disipación

do without - prescindirse de

That was the truth; the young man had an unmistakable influence over his father, who positively appeared to be behaving more decently and even seemed at times ready to obey his son, though often extremely and even spitefully perverse.

unmistakable - inconfundible

influence - influencia, influir, influenciar

positively - ositivamente; inequívocamente, terminantemente, de todas maneras

behaving - comportándose; comportarse

decently - Decentemente

obey - obedecer

spitefully - con rencor

It was only later that we learned that Ivan had come partly at the request of, and in the interests of, his elder brother, Dmitri, whom he saw for the first time on this very visit, though he had before leaving Moscow been in correspondence with him about an important matter of more concern to Dmitri than himself.

partly - en parte, en cierto modo

request - solicitud; pedir, solicitar, demandar, checkpedir

correspondence - correspondencia, carteo, noticias

matter - importa; materia, asunto, cuestión, tema

concern - preocupación, referirse a, ataner, concernir, tocar, preocupar

What that business was the reader will learn fully in due time. Yet even when I did know of this special circumstance I still felt Ivan Fyodorovitch to be an enigmatic figure, and thought his visit rather mysterious.

figure - figura, cifra, ocurrírsele

mysterious - misterioso

I may add that Ivan appeared at the time in the light of a mediator between his father and his elder brother Dmitri, who was in open quarrel with his father and even planning to bring an action against him.

Mediator - mediador, tercero en discordia

quarrel - discutir; pelea, rina

against - contra, cerca de, frente, en contra, enfrente, en pugna

The family, I repeat, was now united for the first time, and some of its members met for the first time in their lives. The younger brother, Alexey, had been a year already among us, having been the first of the three to arrive. It is of that brother Alexey I find it most difficult to speak in this introduction. Yet I must give some preliminary account of him, if only to explain one queer fact, which is that I have to introduce my hero to the reader wearing the cassock of a novice.

United - unidos; unir, aunar, juntar, combinar

most difficult - Más difícil

introduction - introducción, presentación

preliminary - preliminar

hero - héroe, heroína

cassock - sotana

novice - novato; novicio

Yes, he had been for the last year in our monastery, and seemed willing to be cloistered there for the rest of his life.

cloistered - enclaustrado; claustro

Chapter IV. The Third Son, Alyosha

He was only twenty, his brother Ivan was in his twentyfourth year at the time, while their elder brother Dmitri was twentyseven. First of all, I must explain that this young man, Alyosha, was not a fanatic, and, in my opinion at least, was not even a mystic. I may as well give my full opinion from the beginning. He was simply an early lover of humanity, and that he adopted the monastic life was simply because at that time it struck him, so to say, as the ideal escape for his soul struggling from the darkness of worldly wickedness to the light of love. And the reason this life struck him in this way was that he found in it at that time, as he thought, an extraordinary being, our celebrated elder, Zossima, to whom he became attached with all the warm first love of his ardent heart. But I do not dispute that he was very strange even at that time, and had been so indeed from his cradle. I have mentioned already, by the way, that though he lost his mother in his fourth year he remembered her all his life"her face, her caresses, "as though she stood living before me." Such memories may persist, as every one knows, from an even earlier age, even from two years old, but scarcely standing out through a whole lifetime like spots of light out of darkness, like a corner torn out of a huge picture, which has all faded and disappeared except that fragment. That is how it was with him. He remembered one still summer evening, an open window, the slanting rays of the setting sun (that he recalled most vividly of all); in a corner of the room the holy image, before it a lighted lamp, and on her knees before the image his mother, sobbing hysterically with cries and moans, snatching him up in both arms, squeezing him close till it hurt, and praying for him to the Mother of God, holding him out in both arms to the image as though to put him under the Mother's protection ... and suddenly a nurse runs in and snatches him from her in terror.

fanatic - fanático, fanático

mystic - místico, mística

lover - amante

adopted - adoptado; adoptar, ahijar

monastic - monástico, monacal, monjil, frailuno

struck - golpeado; tachar, borrar, golpear, pegar, acunar

Ideal - ideal, ideal

escape - escapar, liberarse, fugarse, eludir

struggling - con dificultades; (struggle); lucha, forcejeo, brega, luchar

darkness - oscuridad, tinieblas

wickedness - maldad, perversidad

attached - pegado; anexar, adjuntar

ardent - ardiente, ferviente

heart - corazón

dispute - disputa, contencioso

cradle - cuna, brezo, brezar, brizar

mentioned - mencionado; mención, mencionar, mentar

caresses - caricias; caricia, carantona, acariciar

memories - recuerdos; memoria, recuerdo

persist - persistir

scarcely - apenas, difícilmente

lifetime - para toda la vida; vida, eternidad, toda la vida

spots - puntos; mancha, grano, poquito, poquita, zona, paraje, lámpara

corner - ángulo, checkrincón, esquina, acorralar, girar, virar, maniobrar

torn out - arrancado

huge - enorme, grandote

faded - desvanecido; apagarse, debilitarse; destenir

disappeared - desapareció; desaparecer

fragment - fragmento, fragmentar

slanting - inclinado; inclinación

rays - rayos; rayo

setting sun - Sol poniente; puesta del sol

recalled - recordado; recordar, evocar, retirada

vividly - ívidamente

holy - santo, sagrado

image - imagen

sobbing - sollozando; sollozo, sollozante; (sob); hdp

hysterically - histéricamente

cries - llorar, gritar, panish: t-needed

moans - gimoteos; gemido, quejido, quejar, gemir

snatching - arrebatamiento; agarrar, arrebatar, arrancada, arranque

squeezing - apretando; (squeeze); exprimir, apretar, apretujar, apuro

hurt - doler, lastimar, hacer dano, herido, dolido

praying - Rezando; (pray) Rezando

protection - protección

snatches - rapidas; agarrar, arrebatar, arrancada, arranque

That was the picture! And Alyosha remembered his mother's face at that minute. He used to say that it was frenzied but beautiful as he remembered. But he rarely cared to speak of this memory to any one. In his childhood and youth he was by no means expansive, and talked little indeed, but not from shyness or a sullen unsociability; quite the contrary, from something different, from a sort of inner preoccupation entirely personal and unconcerned with other people, but so important to him that he seemed, as it were, to forget others on account of it. But he was fond of people: he seemed throughout his life to put implicit trust in people: yet no one ever looked on him as a simpleton or naĂŻve person. There was something about him which made one feel at once (and it was so all his life afterwards) that he did not care to be a judge of others"that he would never take it upon himself to criticize and would never condemn any one for anything. He seemed, indeed, to accept everything without the least condemnation though often grieving bitterly: and this was so much so that no one could surprise or frighten him even in his earliest youth. Coming at twenty to his father's house, which was a very sink of filthy debauchery, he, chaste and pure as he was, simply withdrew in silence when to look on was unbearable, but without the slightest sign of contempt or condemnation. His father, who had once been in a dependent position, and so was sensitive and ready to take offense, met him at first with distrust and sullenness. "He does not say much," he used to say, "and thinks the more." But soon, within a fortnight indeed, he took to embracing him and kissing him terribly often, with drunken tears, with sottish sentimentality, yet he evidently felt a real and deep affection for him, such as he had never been capable of feeling for any one before.

frenzied - frenético; frenesí, manía

memory - memoria, recuerdo

expansive - expansivo, expansible

shyness - timidez

unsociability - Insociabilidad

contrary - contrario

on account - a cuenta

throughout - en todo; a lo largo de, durante, de arriba abajo

implicit - implícito, tácito

simpleton - simplón, ababol, panoli, gaznápiro

judge - juez; juzgar

criticize - criticar, culpar, juzgar

Accept - aceptas; aceptar

condemnation - condenación

grieving - duelo; afligirse, acongojarse

bitterly - con amargura; amargamente

surprise - sorpresa, sorprender

frighten - asustar; atemorizar

filthy - sucio, mugriento, mugroso, inmundo

chaste - casta; casto

pure - pura; puro

withdrew - se retiró; retirar(se)

silence - silencio, silenciar, hacer callar

unbearable - insoportable, infumable

sign - signo; senal

dependent - dependiente, dependiente

sensitive - sensible, sensitivo, susceptible

offense - ofensa, insulto

distrust - desconfianza, recelo, desconfiar

sullenness - hosquedad, murria, hastío

within - dentro de, adentro

fortnight - quince días; quincena

embracing - abrazar, abrazo

kissing - besando; besar

Terribly - terriblemente; rematadamente

drunken - Borracho

sottish - espanol

sentimentality - sentimentalismo; sentimentalidad

evidently - evidentemente

affection - afecto, carino, apego

Every one, indeed, loved this young man wherever he went, and it was so from his earliest childhood. When he entered the household of his patron and benefactor, Yefim Petrovitch Polenov, he gained the hearts of all the family, so that they looked on him quite as their own child. Yet he entered the house at such a tender age that he could not have acted from design nor artfulness in winning affection. So that the gift of making himself loved directly and unconsciously was inherent in him, in his very nature, so to speak. It was the same at school, though he seemed to be just one of those children who are distrusted, sometimes ridiculed, and even disliked by their schoolfellows. He was dreamy, for instance, and rather solitary. From his earliest childhood he was fond of creeping into a corner to read, and yet he was a general favorite all the while he was at school. He was rarely playful or merry, but any one could see at the first glance that this was not from any sullenness. On the contrary he was bright and goodtempered. He never tried to show off among his schoolfellows. Perhaps because of this, he was never afraid of any one, yet the boys immediately understood that he was not proud of his fearlessness and seemed to be unaware that he was bold and courageous. He never resented an insult. It would happen that an hour after the offense he would address the offender or answer some question with as trustful and candid an expression as though nothing had happened between them. And it was not that he seemed to have forgotten or intentionally forgiven the affront, but simply that he did not regard it as an affront, and this completely conquered and captivated the boys.

wherever - dónde; adondequiera, doquier

household - hogar, agregado familiar, núcleo familiar, familia, casero

patron - patrón, mecenas, patrocinador, auspiciador, cliente, parroquiano

Gained - ganado; ganar, adquirir, obtener, conseguir

hearts - corazones; corazón

tender - tierno

acted - actuado; acto, ley, acción, hecho, actuar

artfulness - arte

gift - regalo, obsequio, don, talento, regalar, dar

unconsciously - inconscientemente

inherent - inherente

nature - naturaleza, natura

distrusted - desconfiado; desconfianza, recelo, desconfiar

ridiculed - idiculizado; ridiculizar, poner en ridículo

disliked - no le gusta; aversión, disgusto, antipatía, desagradar

schoolfellows - Colegial

dreamy - Ensonador

solitary - solitario

creeping - reptando; reptar, hormigueo, fatiga

playful - juguetón, divertido

merry - contento; alegre

bright - luminoso, resplandeciente, brillante

show off - presumir, alardear; resaltar

fearlessness - sin miedo; valor, impavidez, intrepidez

courageous - valiente

resented - resentido; ofenderse, tomarse a mal

offender - ofensor, delincuente

trustful - confiado; panish: t-needed

candid - cándido; franco

expression - expresión, frase hecha

intentionally - intencionadamente; intencionalmente

forgiven - perdonado; perdonar, disculpar

affront - afrentar, ofender, afrontar, confrontar, afrenta, afruenta

conquered - conquistado; conquistar, debelar

He had one characteristic which made all his schoolfellows from the bottom class to the top want to mock at him, not from malice but because it amused them. This characteristic was a wild fanatical modesty and chastity. He could not bear to hear certain words and certain conversations about women. There are "certain" words and conversations unhappily impossible to eradicate in schools. Boys pure in mind and heart, almost children, are fond of talking in school among themselves, and even aloud, of things, pictures, and images of which even soldiers would sometimes hesitate to speak. More than that, much that soldiers have no knowledge or conception of is familiar to quite young children of our intellectual and higher classes. There is no moral depravity, no real corrupt inner cynicism in it, but there is the appearance of it, and it is often looked upon among them as something refined, subtle, daring, and worthy of imitation. Seeing that Alyosha Karamazov put his fingers in his ears when they talked of "that," they used sometimes to crowd round him, pull his hands away, and shout nastiness into both ears, while he struggled, slipped to the floor, tried to hide himself without uttering one word of abuse, enduring their insults in silence. But at last they left him alone and gave up taunting him with being a "regular girl," and what's more they looked upon it with compassion as a weakness. He was always one of the best in the class but was never first.

top - cima, parte superior, parte de más arriba, cabecera, tapa

Mock - imitación, burla, simulacro, imitar, remedar, burlar

amused - divertido; entretener, distraer, divertir

fanatical - fanático

modesty - modestia, pudor

chastity - castidad

bear - oso; aguantar, soportar

Unhappily - Infelizmente

impossible - imposible, insoportable, imposible

eradicate - erradicar, descuajar, exterminar

among themselves - Entre sí

images - imágenes; imagen

soldiers - soldados; soldado, campión, soldado, militar

hesitate - vacilar, dudar, hesitar

knowledge - conocimiento, conocimientos, sabiduría, checkconocimiento

conception - concepción

familiar - te suena; familiar, espíritu familiar

depravity - depravación

corrupt - corrupto, corromper

cynicism - cinismo

refined - refinado; refinar, perfeccionar

subtle - sutil

daring - atrevido, audaz, osado; (dare); atrevido, audaz, osado

imitation - imitación

fingers - dedos; apuntar, senalar, hurgar, dedear

crowd round - agolparse alrededor

pull - tirar, jalar, halar, tirón, ligar

shout - gritar; grito

nastiness - Asquerosidad

struggled - luchado; lucha, forcejeo, brega, luchar, esforzarse con denuedo

slipped - se resbaló; resbalar

hide - esconderse; esconder(se), ocultar

uttering - proferir; (utter) proferir

abuse - Abuso

enduring - perdurable; aguantar, perdurar, tolerar, consentir, condescender

insults - insultos; insultar, insulto, ofensa, improperio

taunting - Burlas; (taunt) Burlas

compassion - compasión, conmiseración

weakness - debilidad, flaqueza, punto débil, debilidad por, carino

At the time of Yefim Petrovitch's death Alyosha had two more years to complete at the provincial gymnasium. The inconsolable widow went almost immediately after his death for a long visit to Italy with her whole family, which consisted only of women and girls. Alyosha went to live in the house of two distant relations of Yefim Petrovitch, ladies whom he had never seen before. On what terms he lived with them he did not know himself. It was very characteristic of him, indeed, that he never cared at whose expense he was living. In that respect he was a striking contrast to his elder brother Ivan, who struggled with poverty for his first two years in the university, maintained himself by his own efforts, and had from childhood been bitterly conscious of living at the expense of his benefactor. But this strange trait in Alyosha's character must not, I think, be criticized too severely, for at the slightest acquaintance with him any one would have perceived that Alyosha was one of those youths, almost of the type of religious enthusiast, who, if they were suddenly to come into possession of a large fortune, would not hesitate to give it away for the asking, either for good works or perhaps to a clever rogue.

provincial - provincial, provinciano, paleto

inconsolable - inconsolable, desconsolado

Italy - Italia

consisted - consistió; componerse (de), constar (de)

distant - distante, a distancia, hurano, remoto

ladies - senoritas; ama, senora, dama, bano de damas

whose - de quién; quién, quien, cuyo, cuya, cuyas

respect - respeto, respetar

striking - sorprendente; llamativo, imponente

contrast - contraste, contrastar

struggled with - luchar con

poverty - pobreza, pauperismo

maintained - mantenido; mantener, sostener

efforts - esfuerzos; esfuerzo

conscious - consciente

trait - rasgo, característica

character - personaje, característica, carácter

criticized - criticado; criticar, culpar, juzgar

severely - gravemente; severamente

perceived - percibido; percibir, entender

youths - jóvenes; juventud, adolescencia, mocedad, anos mozos, joven

religious - religioso

enthusiast - entusiasta

possession - posesión, posesión natural, tenencia, posesión civil, posesiones

Fortune - fortuna

rogue - canalla, granuja, vago

In general he seemed scarcely to know the value of money, not, of course, in a literal sense. When he was given pocketmoney, which he never asked for, he was either terribly careless of it so that it was gone in a moment, or he kept it for weeks together, not knowing what to do with it.

literal sense - sentido literal

careless - descuidado, irresponsable, negligente, dejado

In later years Pyotr Alexandrovitch MiĂĽsov, a man very sensitive on the score of money and bourgeois honesty, pronounced the following judgment, after getting to know Alyosha:

score - puntuación; tantos

bourgeois - burgués; Burgesia

honesty - honradez, sinceridad, honestidad, monedas del Papa

judgment - juicio

"Here is perhaps the one man in the world whom you might leave alone without a penny, in the center of an unknown town of a million inhabitants, and he would not come to harm, he would not die of cold and hunger, for he would be fed and sheltered at once; and if he were not, he would find a shelter for himself, and it would cost him no effort or humiliation.

leave alone - dejar en paz

center - centro, meollo, pívot, pivote, central, centrar, mediar

an unknown - un desconocido

inhabitants - habitantes; habitante, residente, lugareno, lugarena

harm - dano; dano, danar

hunger - hambre

fed - alimentado; (feed) alimentado

sheltered - refugiado; refugio, abrigo, amparo, asilo

effort - esfuerzo

humiliation - humillación, humillación

And to shelter him would be no burden, but, on the contrary, would probably be looked on as a pleasure."

shelter - refugio, abrigo, amparo, asilo

burden - carga

pleasure - placer, voluptuosidad, gustar

He did not finish his studies at the gymnasium. A year before the end of the course he suddenly announced to the ladies that he was going to see his father about a plan which had occurred to him. They were sorry and unwilling to let him go. The journey was not an expensive one, and the ladies would not let him pawn his watch, a parting present from his benefactor's family. They provided him liberally with money and even fitted him out with new clothes and linen. But he returned half the money they gave him, saying that he intended to go third class. On his arrival in the town he made no answer to his father's first inquiry why he had come before completing his studies, and seemed, so they say, unusually thoughtful.

announced - anunciado; anunciar, declarar

occurred - ocurrió; ocurrir, acaecer, presentar

unwilling - No quiere

Pawn - peón; empenar

provided - proporcionado; proveer

liberally - libremente

fitted - encajado; sano, en forma

intended - pretendías; planeado; (intend); pretender, planear, intencionar

arrival - llegada, venida, arribo, arribada

inquiry - investigación; inquisición, indagatoria, pesquisa

thoughtful - pensativo; detallista, minucioso, meticuloso, cortés

It soon became apparent that he was looking for his mother's tomb. He practically acknowledged at the time that that was the only object of his visit. But it can hardly have been the whole reason of it. It is more probable that he himself did not understand and could not explain what had suddenly arisen in his soul, and drawn him irresistibly into a new, unknown, but inevitable path. Fyodor Pavlovitch could not show him where his second wife was buried, for he had never visited her grave since he had thrown earth upon her coffin, and in the course of years had entirely forgotten where she was buried.

apparent - visible, claro, evidente, manifiesto, aparente, ostensible

tomb - tumba

practically - prácticamente

acknowledged - reconocido; reconocer, acusar recibo

more probable - es más probable

arisen - surgió; surgir, levantarse, provenir, aparecer

irresistibly - irresistiblemente

unknown - ignoto, desconocido, incógnita, desconocido

path - camino, sendero

buried - enterrado; enterrar

grave - tumba

Since - desde cuándo; desde entonces, desde que, ya que, dado que

earth - tierra, suelo, terreno, madriguera, aterrar

coffin - ataúd, féretro, cajón

Fyodor Pavlovitch, by the way, had for some time previously not been living in our town. Three or four years after his wife's death he had gone to the south of Russia and finally turned up in Odessa, where he spent several years. He made the acquaintance at first, in his own words, "of a lot of low Jews, Jewesses, and Jewkins," and ended by being received by "Jews high and low alike." It may be presumed that at this period he developed a peculiar faculty for making and hoarding money. He finally returned to our town only three years before Alyosha's arrival. His former acquaintances found him looking terribly aged, although he was by no means an old man. He behaved not exactly with more dignity but with more effrontery. The former buffoon showed an insolent propensity for making buffoons of others. His depravity with women was not simply what it used to be, but even more revolting.

previously - antes; anteriormente, previamente, con anterioridad

Odessa - Odesa, Odessa

low - bajo

Jews - judío, judía, judíos

Jewesses - judías; judía

alike - igual, semejante, parecido, igualmente

developed - desarrollar

faculty - cuerpo docente, facultad

hoarding - acaparamiento; valla; (hoard) acaparamiento; valla

former - antiguo, anterior

acquaintances - conocidos; amistad, conocimiento, junta, relación

behaved - se comportó; comportarse

effrontery - desfachatez, desvergüenza, descaro

insolent - insolente

propensity - propensión, inclinación

buffoons - bufones; bufón, panish: t-needed

revolting - alzarse en protesta, rebelión, revuelta

In a short time he opened a great number of new taverns in the district. It was evident that he had perhaps a hundred thousand roubles or not much less. Many of the inhabitants of the town and district were soon in his debt, and, of course, had given good security. Of late, too, he looked somehow bloated and seemed more irresponsible, more uneven, had sunk into a sort of incoherence, used to begin one thing and go on with another, as though he were letting himself go altogether. He was more and more frequently drunk. And, if it had not been for the same servant Grigory, who by that time had aged considerably too, and used to look after him sometimes almost like a tutor, Fyodor Pavlovitch might have got into terrible scrapes. Alyosha's arrival seemed to affect even his moral side, as though something had awakened in this prematurely old man which had long been dead in his soul.

taverns - tabernas; taberna

evident - es evidente; evidente, constatable

Security - seguridad, confianza, garantía, prenda

somehow - de algún modo, de alguna manera, de alguna forma

bloated - inflado; hinchar, inflar

more irresponsible - más irresponsable

more uneven - más desigual

sunk - Hundido; (sink); hundir, sumergir, sumergirse, lavamanos

incoherence - incoherencia

Considerably - considerablemente

look after - Cuidar

scrapes - raspaduras; raspar, aranarse, rasparse, abrasión, rasponazo

affect - afectar

awakened - despertado; despertar, despertarse

prematurely - antes de tiempo; prematuramente

dead - muerto

"Do you know," he used often to say, looking at Alyosha, "that you are like her, ˜the crazy woman'""that was what he used to call his dead wife, Alyosha's mother. Grigory it was who pointed out the "crazy woman's" grave to Alyosha. He took him to our town cemetery and showed him in a remote corner a castiron tombstone, cheap but decently kept, on which were inscribed the name and age of the deceased and the date of her death, and below a fourlined verse, such as are commonly used on oldfashioned middleclass tombs. To Alyosha's amazement this tomb turned out to be Grigory's doing. He had put it up on the poor "crazy woman's" grave at his own expense, after Fyodor Pavlovitch, whom he had often pestered about the grave, had gone to Odessa, abandoning the grave and all his memories. Alyosha showed no particular emotion at the sight of his mother's grave.

crazy - loco, colgado, sonado, trastornado

cemetery - cementerio

remote - remoto, control remoto

tombstone - lápida

inscribed - inscrito; inscribir

deceased - fallecido; fallecimiento, deceso, óbito, defunción, fallecer

verse - verso; estrofa

commonly - comúnmente

pestered - molestado; atosigar, molestar, dar la tabarra, jorobar

Abandoning - abandonar, dejar

emotion - afecto, emoción

sight - vista, lugar de interés, espectáculo, panorama, visor, mira, ver

He only listened to Grigory's minute and solemn account of the erection of the tomb; he stood with bowed head and walked away without uttering a word. It was perhaps a year before he visited the cemetery again. But this little episode was not without an influence upon Fyodor Pavlovitch"and a very original one. He suddenly took a thousand roubles to our monastery to pay for requiems for the soul of his wife; but not for the second, Alyosha's mother, the "crazy woman," but for the first, AdelaĂŻda Ivanovna, who used to thrash him. In the evening of the same day he got drunk and abused the monks to Alyosha. He himself was far from being religious; he had probably never put a penny candle before the image of a saint. Strange impulses of sudden feeling and sudden thought are common in such types.

solemn - solemne

erection - erección

bowed - inclinado; inclinar(se), hacer una reverencia

episode - episodio, incidente, capítulo

original - original, original, único

requiems - réquiems; réquiem

thrash - vapulear

got drunk - se emborrachó

abused - abusado; Abuso

monks - monjes; monje

candle - una vela; vela, candela, cirio

saint - Santo

impulses - impulsos; impulso, capricho

sudden - de repente; repentino, súbito, brusco

I have mentioned already that he looked bloated. His countenance at this time bore traces of something that testified unmistakably to the life he had led. Besides the long fleshy bags under his little, always insolent, suspicious, and ironical eyes; besides the multitude of deep wrinkles in his little fat face, the Adam's apple hung below his sharp chin like a great, fleshy goiter, which gave him a peculiar, repulsive, sensual appearance; add to that a long rapacious mouth with full lips, between which could be seen little stumps of black decayed teeth.

countenance - semblante, apariencia, expresión, rostro

traces - rastros; rastro, huella, vestigio, indicio

testified - testificó; testificar, atestiguar, aseverar

fleshy - carnoso, cachetudo, carnudo, carrilludo

suspicious - sospechoso, suspicaz, desconfiado

multitude - multitud

wrinkles - arrugas; arruga

Adam - Adam, Adán

hung - colgado; colgar

sharp - agudo, afilado, filoso, listo, sostenido, agrio, certero

chin - barbilla, mentón

goiter - bocio

repulsive - repulsivo

rapacious - codicioso, rapaz

lips - labios; labio, labro

stumps - tocones; tocón, tueco, estaca, poste

decayed - decayó; descomposición, deterioración, putrefacción, podredumbre

He slobbered every time he began to speak. He was fond indeed of making fun of his own face, though, I believe, he was well satisfied with it. He used particularly to point to his nose, which was not very large, but very delicate and conspicuously aquiline. "A regular Roman nose," he used to say, "with my goiter I've quite the countenance of an ancient Roman patrician of the decadent period." He seemed proud of it.

slobbered - abeado; babear

ve - e

delicate - delicado, delicado (1, 2)

conspicuously - lamativamente; notablemente, obviamente

Roman - romano, romano, romana, Román

ancient - antiguo

patrician - patricio

decadent - decadente

Not long after visiting his mother's grave Alyosha suddenly announced that he wanted to enter the monastery, and that the monks were willing to receive him as a novice. He explained that this was his strong desire, and that he was solemnly asking his consent as his father. The old man knew that the elder Zossima, who was living in the monastery hermitage, had made a special impression upon his "gentle boy."

enter - entrar

solemnly - solemnemente

hermitage - ermita

"That is the most honest monk among them, of course," he observed, after listening in thoughtful silence to Alyosha, and seeming scarcely surprised at his request. "H'm!... So that's where you want to be, my gentle boy?"

most honest - el más honesto

monk - monje

observed - observado; observar, seguir, tomar en cuenta

seeming - Parece; (seem); parecer

He was half drunk, and suddenly he grinned his slow halfdrunken grin, which was not without a certain cunning and tipsy slyness. "H'm!... I had a presentiment that you would end in something like this. Would you believe it? You were making straight for it. Well, to be sure you have your own two thousand. That's a dowry for you. And I'll never desert you, my angel. And I'll pay what's wanted for you there, if they ask for it. But, of course, if they Don't ask, why should we worry them? What do you say? You know, you spend money like a canary, two grains a week. H'm!... Do you know that near one monastery there's a place outside the town where every baby knows there are none but ˜the monks'wives'living, as they are called. Thirty women, I believe. I have been there myself. You know, it's interesting in its own way, of course, as a variety. The worst of it is it's awfully Russian. There are no French women there. Of course they could get them fast enough, they have plenty of money. If they get to hear of it they'll come along. Well, there's nothing of that sort here, no ˜monks'wives,'and two hundred monks. They're honest. They keep the fasts. I admit it.... H'm.... So you want to be a monk? And do you know I'm sorry to lose you, Alyosha; would you believe it, I've really grown fond of you? Well, it's a good opportunity. You'll pray for us sinners; we have sinned too much here. I've always been thinking who would pray for me, and whether there's any one in the world to do it. My dear boy, I'm awfully stupid about that. You wouldn't believe it.

grinned - sonrió; sonreír abiertamente, sonreír de oreja a oreja

cunning - astucia; astuto

tipsy - borracho; achispado, piripi, irse, irse al otro barrio

slyness - Astucia

had a presentiment - tener un presentimiento

desert - desierto; abandonar

angel - ángel

Don't ask - No preguntes

worry - preocuparse, estar preocupado, inquietarse, comerse la cabeza

spend money - Gastar dinero

Canary - canario

grains - granos; grano

none - ninguna; ninguno

variety - variedad

awfully - muy mal; asombroso

Russian - ruso, ruso, rusa

plenty - bastante; abundancia

hear of - oír de, escuchar de

along - a lo largo, a lo largo de, por

admit - admitir, dar entrada, dejar entrar, reconocer, permitir

opportunity - oportunidad

Pray - rezar, orar

sinners - ecadores; pecador, pecadora

sinned - pecado

whether - si, si , o, ya sea

Awfully. You see, however stupid I am about it, I keep thinking, I keep thinking"from time to time, of course, not all the while. It's impossible, I think, for the devils to forget to drag me down to hell with their hooks when I die. Then I wonder"hooks? Where would they get them? What of? Iron hooks? Where do they forge them? Have they a foundry there of some sort? The monks in the monastery probably believe that there's a ceiling in hell, for instance. Now I'm ready to believe in hell, but without a ceiling. It makes it more refined, more enlightened, more Lutheran that is. And, after all, what does it matter whether it has a ceiling or hasn't? But, do you know, there's a damnable question involved in it? If there's no ceiling there can be no hooks, and if there are no hooks it all breaks down, which is unlikely again, for then there would be none to drag me down to hell, and if they don't drag me down what justice is there in the world? Il faudrait les inventer, those hooks, on purpose for me alone, for, if you only knew, Alyosha, what a blackguard I am."

drag - arrastrar; llevar a rastras

hell - infierno

hooks - ganchos; gancho, garfio, enganchar

iron - hierro; férreo, planchar

forge - forja

foundry - fundición

ceiling - techo; (ceil) techo

I'm ready - Estoy listo

more refined - más refinado

Lutheran - luterano, luterano, luterana

Involved - involucrado; elevar, envolver, envolverse con, involucrarse

breaks down - estropearse; romper a llorar; deprimirse

unlikely - poco probable; improbable, improbablemente

justice - justicia, justedad, justeza, justicia

faudrait - Debería

inventer - Inventor

purpose - propósito, fin; razón

"But there are no hooks there," said Alyosha, looking gently and seriously at his father.

gently - suavemente; mansamente, suave

seriously - en serio, seriamente

"Yes, yes, only the shadows of hooks, I know, I know. That's how a Frenchman described hell: ˜J'ai vu l'ombre d'un cocher qui avec l'ombre d'une brosse frottait l'ombre d'une carrosse.'How do you know there are no hooks, darling? When you've lived with the monks you'll sing a different tune. But go and get at the truth there, and then come and tell me. Anyway it's easier going to the other world if one knows what there is there. Besides, it will be more seemly for you with the monks than here with me, with a drunken old man and young harlots .

shadows - sombras; sombra

Frenchman - francés

Ai - panish: t-needed

avec - Con quién

darling - carino; querido, querida, amado, amada

tune - melodía, tonada, afinar, sintonizar

anyway - aún así, a pesar de todo, igualmente, de todos modos

seemly - parece; ubicado, decente, adecuado

harlots - prostitutas; puta, golfa, ramera, zorra

. though you're like an angel, nothing touches you. And I dare say nothing will touch you there. that's why I let you go, because I hope for that. You've got all your wits about you. You will burn and you will burn out; you will be healed and come back again. And I will wait for you. I feel that you're the only creature in the world who has not condemned me. My dear boy, I feel it, you know. I can't help feeling it."

touches - toques; tocar, conmover, toque, toque, tacto, pizca

dare - te atreves; atraverse, osar

that's why - por eso

wits - agudeza, ingenio, chispa, gracia

burn out - quemarse

healed - curado; curar

condemned - condenado; condenar, clausurar

And he even began blubbering. He was sentimental. He was wicked and sentimental.

Chapter V. Elders

elders - ancianos; mayor

Some of my readers may imagine that my young man was a sickly, ecstatic, poorly developed creature, a pale, consumptive dreamer. On the contrary, Alyosha was at this time a wellgrown, redcheeked, cleareyed lad of nineteen, radiant with health. He was very handsome, too, graceful, moderately tall, with hair of a dark brown, with a regular, rather long, ovalshaped face, and wideset dark gray, shining eyes; he was very thoughtful, and apparently very serene. I shall be told, perhaps, that red cheeks are not incompatible with fanaticism and mysticism; but I fancy that Alyosha was more of a realist than any one. Oh! no doubt, in the monastery he fully believed in miracles, but, to my thinking, miracles are never a stumblingblock to the realist. It is not miracles that dispose realists to belief. The genuine realist, if he is an unbeliever, will always find strength and ability to disbelieve in the miraculous, and if he is confronted with a miracle as an irrefutable fact he would rather disbelieve his own senses than admit the fact.

sickly - enfermo; enfermizo, enclenque, calamitoso, enteco

ecstatic - extasiado

poorly - Mal

developed - esarrollado; desarrollar, revelar

pale - pálido

consumptive - consumidor; tísico

dreamer - sonador; sonador, sonadora, visionario, visionaria

lad - nino, chico, mozo, mozalbete

radiant - radiante, punto radiante

handsome - apuesto, guapo, de buen parecer, lindo

graceful - gracia; grácil, gracioso

moderately - moderadamente

dark brown - marrón oscuro

Gray - Gris

shining - brillante; brillar

serene - sereno

cheeks - mejilla, cacha, cachete, nalga, glúteo, descoco

incompatible - incompatibles; incompatible, malavenido

fanaticism - fanatismo

mysticism - misticismo

miracles - milagros; milagro

dispose - disponer; deshacerse

realists - realistas; realista

genuine - genuino, auténtico, legítimo, verdadero

unbeliever - incrédulo

ability - habilidad, capacidad

disbelieve - descreer

miraculous - milagroso

confronted with - enfrentarse con, confrontar(se)

irrefutable - irrefutable, irrebatible

Even if he admits it, he admits it as a fact of nature till then unrecognized by him. Faith does not, in the realist, spring from the miracle but the miracle from faith. If the realist once believes, then he is bound by his very realism to admit the miraculous also. The Apostle Thomas said that he would not believe till he saw, but when he did see he said, "My Lord and my God!" Was it the miracle forced him to believe? Most likely not, but he believed solely because he desired to believe and possibly he fully believed in his secret heart even when he said, "I do not believe till I see."

admits - admite; admitir, dar entrada, dejar entrar, reconocer, permitir

till then - hasta entonces

Faith - fe, confianza

realist - realista

spring from - surgir de

miracle - milagro

bound - atado; (bind); atar, atar (tie), empastar (books), liar

realism - realismo

apostle - apóstol

solely - únicamente, solamente, exclusivamente

desired - deseado; desear, deseo, gana

Possibly - es posible; posiblemente

secret - secreto, arcano

I shall be told, perhaps, that Alyosha was stupid, undeveloped, had not finished his studies, and so on. That he did not finish his studies is true, but to say that he was stupid or dull would be a great injustice. I'll simply repeat what I have said above. He entered upon this path only because, at that time, it alone struck his imagination and presented itself to him as offering an ideal means of escape for his soul from darkness to light. Add to that that he was to some extent a youth of our last epoch"that is, honest in nature, desiring the truth, seeking for it and believing in it, and seeking to serve it at once with all the strength of his soul, seeking for immediate action, and ready to sacrifice everything, life itself, for it. Though these young men unhappily fail to understand that the sacrifice of life is, in many cases, the easiest of all sacrifices, and that to sacrifice, for instance, five or six years of their seething youth to hard and tedious study, if only to multiply tenfold their powers of serving the truth and the cause they have set before them as their goal"such a sacrifice is utterly beyond the strength of many of them.

undeveloped - sin desarrollar; subdesarrollado

dull - sordo; romo, desafilado, embotado, aburrido, soso

injustice - injusticia

offering - ofrenda; ofrecimiento; (offer) ofrenda; ofrecimiento

extent - en qué medida; extensión

desiring - deseando; desear, deseo, gana

seeking - buscando; buscar

serve - servicio, servir, desempenar, fungir, operar, cernir

immediate - inmediata; inmediato

fail - fracasar, fallar, suspender

sacrifices - sacrificios; sacrificar, sacrificio

seething - hirviendo; furioso; (seethe); hervir, cocer

tedious - tedioso, prolijo

multiply - multiplicar

tenfold - diez veces; decuplicar, decuplar

powers - poderes; poder, potencia, corriente, electricidad, potenciar

serving - sirviendo; servicio, porción; (serve); servicio, servir

goal - meta, objetivo, portería, arco, gol

utterly - Completamente

beyond - más allá de

The path Alyosha chose was a path going in the opposite direction, but he chose it with the same thirst for swift achievement. As soon as he reflected seriously he was convinced of the existence of God and immortality, and at once he instinctively said to himself: "I want to live for immortality, and I will accept no compromise." In the same way, if he had decided that God and immortality did not exist, he would at once have become an atheist and a socialist. For socialism is not merely the labor question, it is before all things the atheistic question, the question of the form taken by atheism today, the question of the tower of Babel built without God, not to mount to heaven from earth but to set up heaven on earth. Alyosha would have found it strange and impossible to go on living as before. It is written: "Give all that thou hast to the poor and follow Me, if thou wouldst be perfect."

opposite direction - dirección contraria

thirst - sed, hambre, ambición, ansias, tener sed, desear

swift - rápido, veloz, célere, pronto

achievement - logro, hazana, proeza, gesta, hombrada

reflected - reflejado; reflejar, recapacitar, reflexionar, cavilar

Convinced - convencido; convencer

immortality - inmortalidad

instinctively - instintivamente

compromise - compromiso; acuerdo, arreglo

socialist - socialista, socialista

Socialism - socialismo

labor - trabajo

atheistic - ateo

atheism - ateísmo

tower - torre

mount - montar

as before - como antes

wouldst - lo harías

Alyosha said to himself: "I can't give two roubles instead of ˜all,'and only go to Mass instead of ˜following Him.'" Perhaps his memories of childhood brought back our monastery, to which his mother may have taken him to mass. Perhaps the slanting sunlight and the holy image to which his poor "crazy" mother had held him up still acted upon his imagination. Brooding on these things he may have come to us perhaps only to see whether here he could sacrifice all or only "two roubles," and in the monastery he met this elder. I must digress to explain what an "elder" is in Russian monasteries, and I am sorry that I do not feel very competent to do so. I will try, however, to give a superficial account of it in a few words. Authorities on the subject assert that the institution of "elders" is of recent date, not more than a hundred years old in our monasteries, though in the orthodox East, especially in Sinai and Athos, it has existed over a thousand years. It is maintained that it existed in ancient times in Russia also, but through the calamities which overtook Russia"the Tartars, civil war, the interruption of relations with the East after the destruction of Constantinople"this institution fell into oblivion.

instead - en su lugar; en vez de, en lugar de

go to Mass - Ir a misa

brought back - traído de vuelta

sunlight - la luz del sol; luz del sol

held - sostenida; tener en las manos, agarrar, asir

brooding - inquietante; meditativo; (brood); cría, polluelo, prole

sacrifice - sacrificar, sacrificio

digress - interrumpo; desviarse

monasteries - onasterios; monasterio

competent - competente

superficial - superficial

authorities - autoridad, policía, autoridades, fuerzas del orden, autorización

assert - asegurar, aseverar, afirmar, ejercer; confirmar, sostener

Institution - institución

recent - reciente

orthodox - ortodoxo

Sinai - Sinaí

existed - existió; existir

calamities - alamidades; calamidad, panish: t-needed

overtook - delantó; rebasar, sobrepasar, adelantar, alcanzar, superar

Tartars - tártaros; Sarro Dental

civil - civil

war - guerra, guerrear, hacer la guerra

interruption - interrupción, paréntesis

destruction - destrucción, destrucción

Constantinople - Constantinopla

oblivion - olvido, desmemoria, oscuridad, panish: t-needed

It was revived among us towards the end of last century by one of the great "ascetics," as they called him, PaĂŻssy Velitchkovsky, and his disciples. But to this day it exists in few monasteries only, and has sometimes been almost persecuted as an innovation in Russia. It flourished especially in the celebrated Kozelski Optin Monastery. When and how it was introduced into our monastery I cannot say. There had already been three such elders and Zossima was the last of them. But he was almost dying of weakness and disease, and they had no one to take his place. The question for our monastery was an important one, for it had not been distinguished by anything in particular till then: they had neither relics of saints, nor wonderworking ikons, nor glorious traditions, nor historical exploits. It had flourished and been glorious all over Russia through its elders, to see and hear whom pilgrims had flocked for thousands of miles from all parts.

revived - evivido; revivir

ascetics - ascetas; ascético, asceta

disciples - discípulos; discípulo

exists - existe; existir

Persecuted - perseguido; perseguir

innovation - innovación

flourished - loreció; florecer, prosperar, ademanes, floritura, floreo

dying - Muriendo; (dye) Muriendo

relics - reliquias; reliquia, vestigio

Saints - santos; San, Santa, Santo

ikons - kons; icono

glorious - glorioso

traditions - tradiciones; tradición

historical - histórico

exploits - hazanas; hazana, proeza, gesta, heroicidad

pilgrims - peregrinos; peregrino, colonista

flocked - rebanado; rebano, bandada

The story is told, for instance, that in the early days of Christianity one such novice, failing to fulfill some command laid upon him by his elder, left his monastery in Syria and went to Egypt. There, after great exploits, he was found worthy at last to suffer torture and a martyr's death for the faith. When the Church, regarding him as a saint, was burying him, suddenly, at the deacon's exhortation, "Depart all ye unbaptized," the coffin containing the martyr's body left its place and was cast forth from the church, and this took place three times.

Christianity - cristianismo

failing - fracasando; falta, defecto, lacra

fulfill - cumplir, realizar, satisfacer

Command - orden, mandato, mando, comando, dominio

laid - tirado; poner, colocar

Syria - Siria

Egypt - Egipto

suffer - sufrir, penar, empeorar

torture - tortura, suplicio, torturar

martyr - mártir, martirizar

regarding - con respecto a; considerar

Saint - San, Santa, Santo

burying - enterrar

exhortation - exhortación

ye - sí; vos

unbaptized - desbautizar

containing - conteniendo; contener, dominar

cast - moldear, elenco, castear, sondar, sondear, lanzar, lanzamiento

forth - adelante

And only at last they learnt that this holy man had broken his vow of obedience and left his elder, and, therefore, could not be forgiven without the elder's absolution in spite of his great deeds. Only after this could the funeral take place. This, of course, is only an old legend. But here is a recent instance.

vow - voto, manda, promesa

obedience - obediencia

therefore - por qué; por eso, por consiguiente, por lo tanto, por ende

absolution - la absolución; absolución

deeds - hechos; hecho, acto, acción, obra, hazana

funeral - funeral

legend - leyenda, simbología

A monk was suddenly commanded by his elder to quit Athos, which he loved as a sacred place and a haven of refuge, and to go first to Jerusalem to do homage to the Holy Places and then to go to the north to Siberia: "There is the place for thee and not here." The monk, overwhelmed with sorrow, went to the Ĺ’cumenical Patriarch at Constantinople and besought him to release him from his obedience. But the Patriarch replied that not only was he unable to release him, but there was not and could not be on earth a power which could release him except the elder who had himself laid that duty upon him. In this way the elders are endowed in certain cases with unbounded and inexplicable authority. That is why in many of our monasteries the institution was at first resisted almost to persecution. Meantime the elders immediately began to be highly esteemed among the people. Masses of the ignorant people as well as men of distinction flocked, for instance, to the elders of our monastery to confess their doubts, their sins, and their sufferings, and ask for counsel and admonition.

commanded - mandado; orden, mandato, mando, comando, dominio

quit - renunciar; abandonar

sacred - sagrado

refuge - refugio, refugiarse

Jerusalem - Jerusalén

homage - homenaje

Siberia - Siberia

thee - tú; vos (en Espana)

cumenical - cuménico

patriarch - patriarca

besought - pidió; rogar, implorar, suplicar

release - liberación; liberar

replied - respondió; responder, repetir, respuesta

power - poder, potencia, corriente, electricidad, potenciar

endowed - dotar, costear, financiar, ser bendecido, ser dotado

unbounded - sin límites

inexplicable - inexplicable

authority - autoridad, policía, autoridades, fuerzas del orden, autorización

resisted - esistido; resistir, panish: t-needed

persecution - persecución

meantime - mientras tanto; entretanto, en tanto

highly - altamente

esteemed - stimado; estima

ignorant - ignorante, ignaro, inculto

distinction - distinción

confess - confesar, panish: t-needed

doubts - dudas; dudar, duda, incertidumbre

sins - pecados; pecado

counsel - consulta, consejo, abogado

admonition - amonestación; admonición

Seeing this, the opponents of the elders declared that the sacrament of confession was being arbitrarily and frivolously degraded, though the continual opening of the heart to the elder by the monk or the layman had nothing of the character of the sacrament. In the end, however, the institution of elders has been retained and is becoming established in Russian monasteries. It is true, perhaps, that this instrument which had stood the test of a thousand years for the moral regeneration of a man from slavery to freedom and to moral perfectibility may be a twoedged weapon and it may lead some not to humility and complete selfcontrol but to the most satanic pride, that is, to bondage and not to freedom.

opponents - oponentes; oponente, antagonista, contrincante, adversario

sacrament - sacramento

confession - confesión

arbitrarily - arbitrariamente

frivolously - frívolamente

layman - laico, lego, profano, aficionado

retained - retenido; retener, detentar

established - establecido; establecer, instaurar, nombrar

instrument - instrumento, herramienta

stood the test - resistir la prueba

slavery - Esclavitud

weapon - arma

lead - plomo; llevar, conducir

humility - humildad

most satanic - Más satánico

bondage - servidumbre; esclavitud, sujeción, bondage

The elder Zossima was sixtyfive. He came of a family of landowners, had been in the army in early youth, and served in the Caucasus as an officer. He had, no doubt, impressed Alyosha by some peculiar quality of his soul. Alyosha lived in the cell of the elder, who was very fond of him and let him wait upon him. It must be noted that Alyosha was bound by no obligation and could go where he pleased and be absent for whole days. Though he wore the monastic dress it was voluntarily, not to be different from others. No doubt he liked to do so.

army - ejército, multitud

served - servido; servicio, servir, desempenar, fungir, operar, cernir

officer - oficial

impressed - impresionado; impresionar, impresión, impresión

quality - calidad, cualidad, de calidad

cell - célula; celda

wait upon - servir a, esperar

obligation - obligación, compromiso, deber

be absent - estar ausente

voluntarily - voluntariamente

Possibly his youthful imagination was deeply stirred by the power and fame of his elder. It was said that so many people had for years past come to confess their sins to Father Zossima and to entreat him for words of advice and healing, that he had acquired the keenest intuition and could tell from an unknown face what a newcomer wanted, and what was the suffering on his conscience. He sometimes astounded and almost alarmed his visitors by his knowledge of their secrets before they had spoken a word.

deeply - profundamente; a fondo

stirred - agitado; remover, revolver

fame - fama

entreat - rogar, suplicar, invitar, compartir, negociar, conversar

healing - Curación; (heal) Curación

acquired - dquirido; obtener, adquirir

keenest - el más entusiasta; entusiasta

intuition - intuición

suffering - sufrido, sufriente, sufrimiento; (suffer); sufrir, penar

conscience - conciencia

astounded - asombrado; asombrar, pasmar

alarmed - alarmado; alarma, rebato, despertador, alarma, tocar a rebato

secrets - secretos; secreto, arcano

Alyosha noticed that many, almost all, went in to the elder for the first time with apprehension and uneasiness, but came out with bright and happy faces. Alyosha was particularly struck by the fact that Father Zossima was not at all stern. On the contrary, he was always almost gay. The monks used to say that he was more drawn to those who were more sinful, and the greater the sinner the more he loved him. There were, no doubt, up to the end of his life, among the monks some who hated and envied him, but they were few in number and they were silent, though among them were some of great dignity in the monastery, one, for instance, of the older monks distinguished for his strict keeping of fasts and vows of silence. But the majority were on Father Zossima's side and very many of them loved him with all their hearts, warmly and sincerely. Some were almost fanatically devoted to him, and declared, though not quite aloud, that he was a saint, that there could be no doubt of it, and, seeing that his end was near, they anticipated miracles and great glory to the monastery in the immediate future from his relics.

apprehension - aprehensión; arresto, aprensión

stern - severo, austero, serio

gay - gay, homosexual

sinful - pecaminoso

sinner - pecador, pecadora

envied - envidiado; envidia, pelusa, envidiar

silent - silencioso, callar, checkcallado

strict - estricto

vows - votos; voto, manda, promesa

warmly - calurosamente

sincerely - sinceramente

fanatically - con fanatismo; fanáticamente

devoted - Devoto

anticipated - previsto; anticipar, prever

glory - gloria

Alyosha had unquestioning faith in the miraculous power of the elder, just as he had unquestioning faith in the story of the coffin that flew out of the church. He saw many who came with sick children or relatives and besought the elder to lay hands on them and to pray over them, return shortly after"some the next day"and, falling in tears at the elder's feet, thank him for healing their sick.

unquestioning - Incuestionable

flew out - salir; despegar; alejarse volando

relatives - familiares; relativo, familiar, pariente, parienta, parentela

lay - poner, colocar

Whether they had really been healed or were simply better in the natural course of the disease was a question which did not exist for Alyosha, for he fully believed in the spiritual power of his teacher and rejoiced in his fame, in his glory, as though it were his own triumph. His heart throbbed, and he beamed, as it were, all over when the elder came out to the gates of the hermitage into the waiting crowd of pilgrims of the humbler class who had flocked from all parts of Russia on purpose to see the elder and obtain his blessing. They fell down before him, wept, kissed his feet, kissed the earth on which he stood, and wailed, while the women held up their children to him and brought him the sick "possessed with devils.

spiritual - espiritual, espiritual

triumph - triunfar; triunfo

throbbed - palpitaba; palpitar

beamed - remitido; viga, timón, radio

gates - puertas; puerta; verja

crowd - gente; multitud, muchedumbre

humbler - Más humilde; (humble) Más humilde

blessing - bendición; (bless); bendición

kissed - besado; besar

wailed - gimió; llorar, gimotear; ulular; planir

The elder spoke to them, read a brief prayer over them, blessed them, and dismissed them. Of late he had become so weak through attacks of illness that he was sometimes unable to leave his cell, and the pilgrims waited for him to come out for several days. Alyosha did not wonder why they loved him so, why they fell down before him and wept with emotion merely at seeing his face. Oh! he understood that for the humble soul of the Russian peasant, worn out by grief and toil, and still more by the everlasting injustice and everlasting sin, his own and the world's, it was the greatest need and comfort to find some one or something holy to fall down before and worship.

prayer - Oración

blessed - bendecido; bendito; (bless) bendecido; bendito

dismissed - despedido; despedir, echar, disipar, rechazar, expulsar

weak - débil, feble, flaco, flojo

attacks - ataques; ataque, atacar

humble - humilde

peasant - campesino, montanero, checkpeón

grief - duelo; pesar, pesadumbre, dolor, sufrimiento

toil - esfuerzo, labrar, trabajar

sin - pecado

comfort - comodidad, consuelo, confortar

fall down - caerse, colapsar, fracasar

worship - adoración, culto, checkalabanza, adorar, checkvenerar

"Among us there is sin, injustice, and temptation, but yet, somewhere on earth there is some one holy and exalted. He has the truth; he knows the truth; so it is not dead upon the earth; so it will come one day to us, too, and rule over all the earth according to the promise."

temptation - tentación

somewhere - en alguna parte, en algún lugar, en algún sitio, a alguna parte

exalted - exaltado; exaltar

promise - promesa, prometer

Alyosha knew that this was just how the people felt and even reasoned.

He understood it, but that the elder Zossima was this saint and custodian of God's truth"of that he had no more doubt than the weeping peasants and the sick women who held out their children to the elder. The conviction that after his death the elder would bring extraordinary glory to the monastery was even stronger in Alyosha than in any one there, and, of late, a kind of deep flame of inner ecstasy burnt more and more strongly in his heart. He was not at all troubled at this elder's standing as a solitary example before him.

custodian - custodio, custodia, depositario, depositaria

weeping - Llorando; (weep) Llorando

peasants - campesinos; campesino, montanero, checkpeón

conviction - convicción

flame - flama, llama

ecstasy - éxtasis

burnt - quemado; (burn); quemado

strongly - con fuerza; fuertemente

troubled - con problemas; marrón, berenjenal, dificultad, problema

"No matter. He is holy. He carries in his heart the secret of renewal for all: that power which will, at last, establish truth on the earth, and all men will be holy and love one another, and there will be no more rich nor poor, no exalted nor humbled, but all will be as the children of God, and the true Kingdom of Christ will come." That was the dream in Alyosha's heart.

renewal - renovación

establish - establecer, instaurar, nombrar

humbled - humillado; humilde

Kingdom - reino

Christ - Cristo, Jesucristo, Cristo

The arrival of his two brothers, whom he had not known till then, seemed to make a great impression on Alyosha. He more quickly made friends with his halfbrother Dmitri (though he arrived later) than with his own brother Ivan. He was extremely interested in his brother Ivan, but when the latter had been two months in the town, though they had met fairly often, they were still not intimate. Alyosha was naturally silent, and he seemed to be expecting something, ashamed about something, while his brother Ivan, though Alyosha noticed at first that he looked long and curiously at him, seemed soon to have left off thinking of him. Alyosha noticed it with some embarrassment. He ascribed his brother's indifference at first to the disparity of their age and education. But he also wondered whether the absence of curiosity and sympathy in Ivan might be due to some other cause entirely unknown to him. He kept fancying that Ivan was absorbed in something"something inward and important"that he was striving towards some goal, perhaps very hard to attain, and that that was why he had no thought for him.

made friends - hacer amigos

intimate - intimo; íntimo

naturally - naturalmente

ashamed - avergonzado, abochornado, apenado

curiously - con curiosidad; curiosamente

embarrassment - vergüenza, corte g

ascribed - atribuido; imputar, atribuir, adscribir

indifference - indiferencia

disparity - disparidad

wondered - se preguntaba; maravilla, milagro, genio, asombro, pasmo

absence - ausencia, falta, ausencia de hierro

curiosity - curiosidad

sympathy - simpatía; compasión, empatía, compasión

fancying - te apetece; capricho, antojo

absorbed in - absorbido en

inward - hacia dentro; interior, adentro

striving - esforzándose; (strive) esforzándose

attain - lograr, conseguir

Alyosha wondered, too, whether there was not some contempt on the part of the learned atheist for him"a foolish novice. He knew for certain that his brother was an atheist. He could not take offense at this contempt, if it existed; yet, with an uneasy embarrassment which he did not himself understand, he waited for his brother to come nearer to him. Dmitri used to speak of Ivan with the deepest respect and with a peculiar earnestness. From him Alyosha learnt all the details of the important affair which had of late formed such a close and remarkable bond between the two elder brothers. Dmitri's enthusiastic references to Ivan were the more striking in Alyosha's eyes since Dmitri was, compared with Ivan, almost uneducated, and the two brothers were such a contrast in personality and character that it would be difficult to find two men more unlike.

atheist - ateo, atea

foolish - tonto, necio, imprudente

uneasy - inquieta; inquieto

deepest - más profundo; profundo, hondo, fondo, ancho, bajo, grave, oscuro

earnestness - seriedad

affair - negocio, asunto, rollo, amorío, aventura

bond - bono; vínculo

enthusiastic - entusiasmado, entusiástico

references - referencias; referencia, referencia, referenciar

more striking - más impactante

uneducated - inculto, sin estudios

personality - personalidad

unlike - a diferencia de; diferente

It was at this time that the meeting, or, rather gathering of the members of this inharmonious family took place in the cell of the elder who had such an extraordinary influence on Alyosha. The pretext for this gathering was a false one. It was at this time that the discord between Dmitri and his father seemed at its acutest stage and their relations had become insufferably strained. Fyodor Pavlovitch seems to have been the first to suggest, apparently in joke, that they should all meet in Father Zossima's cell, and that, without appealing to his direct intervention, they might more decently come to an understanding under the conciliating influence of the elder's presence. Dmitri, who had never seen the elder, naturally supposed that his father was trying to intimidate him, but, as he secretly blamed himself for his outbursts of temper with his father on several recent occasions, he accepted the challenge. It must be noted that he was not, like Ivan, staying with his father, but living apart at the other end of the town.

gathering - reunión; (gather); juntar, recoger, recolectar, acumular

inharmonious - Inarmónico

pretext - pretexto

discord - discordia

acutest - acutest; agudo, perspicaz, sagaz, grave

stage - etapa, fase, estadio, escenario, escena, calesa

insufferably - insufriblemente

strained - estirar, tensar

suggest - insinuar, sugerir, recomendar

joke - una broma; broma, chiste, chascarrillo, cuchufleta

appealing to - atractivo para

intervention - intervención

conciliating - conciliador; apaciguar, conciliar

intimidate - intimidar, amedrentar

secretly - secretamente, en secreto

blamed - culpado; culpar, responsabilizar, echar la culpa

outbursts - exabruptos; arranque, arrebato, arrechucho

occasions - ocasiones; ocasión, ocasionar

challenge - desafío, reto, disputa, impedimento, incompatibilidad, recurso

staying with - Quedarse con

apart - aparte, separadamente

It happened that Pyotr Alexandrovitch MiĂĽsov, who was staying in the district at the time, caught eagerly at the idea. A Liberal of the forties and fifties, a freethinker and atheist, he may have been led on by boredom or the hope of frivolous diversion. He was suddenly seized with the desire to see the monastery and the holy man. As his lawsuit with the monastery still dragged on, he made it the pretext for seeing the Superior, in order to attempt to settle it amicably. A visitor coming with such laudable intentions might be received with more attention and consideration than if he came from simple curiosity. Influences from within the monastery were brought to bear on the elder, who of late had scarcely left his cell, and had been forced by illness to deny even his ordinary visitors. In the end he consented to see them, and the day was fixed.

caught - atrapado; pega, traba, truco, cuestión

eagerly - con ganas; ansiosamente

liberal - liberal, liberal, libertario, libertaria

freethinker - librepensador, librepensadora

boredom - aburrimiento, tedio

diversion - distracción, diversión, desviación

seized with - agarrado, pillado, dominado por

dragged - arrastrado; llevar a rastras

superior - superior, superior

laudable - loable, laudable, encomiable, meritorio

intentions - intenciones; intención

consideration - consideración

simple - simple, sencillo, simple

influences - influencias; influencia, influir, influenciar

deny - Negar

ordinary - pieza, ordinario, del montón

consented - consintió; consentir, consentimiento, venia, anuencia

fixed - arreglado; arreglar, reparar, componer, fijar, pregar, preparar

"Who has made me a judge over them?" was all he said, smilingly, to Alyosha.

smilingly - Sonriendo

Alyosha was much perturbed when he heard of the proposed visit. Of all the wrangling, quarrelsome party, Dmitri was the only one who could regard the interview seriously. All the others would come from frivolous motives, perhaps insulting to the elder. Alyosha was well aware of that. Ivan and MiĂĽsov would come from curiosity, perhaps of the coarsest kind, while his father might be contemplating some piece of buffoonery. Though he said nothing, Alyosha thoroughly understood his father. The boy, I repeat, was far from being so simple as every one thought him. He awaited the day with a heavy heart. No doubt he was always pondering in his mind how the family discord could be ended. But his chief anxiety concerned the elder. He trembled for him, for his glory, and dreaded any affront to him, especially the refined, courteous irony of MiĂĽsov and the supercilious halfutterances of the highly educated Ivan. He even wanted to venture on warning the elder, telling him something about them, but, on second thoughts, said nothing.

perturbed - molesto; perturbar

wrangling - Discutiendo; (wrangle); altercado, disputa, gresca, rina

quarrelsome - endenciero; rijoso

motives - motivos; motivo, móbil

insulting - insultante; insultar, insulto, ofensa, improperio

aware - alerta, consciente, conocedor, sabedor, entendido

coarsest - más grueso; tosco, rústico, rudo, bruto

contemplating - contemplando; contemplar

thoroughly - cabalmente, a cabalidad, a fondo, detenidamente

awaited - esperado; esperar, aguantar

heavy - pesado

pondering - reflexionando; considerar, meditar, cavilar, discurrir, ponderar

chief - jefe, principal

anxiety - zozobra, ansiedad, inquietud

concerned - preocupado; preocupación, referirse a, ataner, concernir, tocar

trembled - tembló; tiritar, temblar, temblor, vibración, temblequera

dreaded - temido; temer, pavor, temor

courteous - cordial, cortés

irony - ironía

supercilious - soberbia; altivo

Venture - aventurarse; aventura, arriesgar

warning - advertencia, aviso, precaución, cuidado; (warn); alertar

thoughts - pensamientos; pensamiento

He only sent word the day before, through a friend, to his brother Dmitri, that he loved him and expected him to keep his promise. Dmitri wondered, for he could not remember what he had promised, but he answered by letter that he would do his utmost not to let himself be provoked "by vileness," but that, although he had a deep respect for the elder and for his brother Ivan, he was convinced that the meeting was either a trap for him or an unworthy farce.

promised - prometido; promesa, prometer

provoked - provocado; provocar

trap - trampa

unworthy - indigno

farce - farsa

"Nevertheless I would rather bite out my tongue than be lacking in respect to the sainted man whom you reverence so highly," he wrote in conclusion. Alyosha was not greatly cheered by the letter.

nevertheless - a pesar de todo; sin embargo, a pesar de esto, con todo

bite - morder, picar, mordida, mordedura, mordisco, picadura

tongue - lengua, tsinhueso, lengüeta

be lacking - Faltar

sainted - santificado; San, Santa, Santo

reverence - reverencia, veneración

cheered - aclamado; viva, hurra

Book II. An Unfortunate Gathering

Chapter I. They Arrive At The Monastery

It was a warm, bright day at the end of August. The interview with the elder had been fixed for halfpast eleven, immediately after late mass. Our visitors did not take part in the service, but arrived just as it was over. First an elegant open carriage, drawn by two valuable horses, drove up with MiĂĽsov and a distant relative of his, a young man of twenty, called Pyotr Fomitch Kalganov. This young man was preparing to enter the university. MiĂĽsov, with whom he was staying for the time, was trying to persuade him to go abroad to the university of Zurich or Jena. The young man was still undecided. He was thoughtful and absentminded.

mass - montón, masa

take part - participar

service - servicio

elegant - elegante, chic

valuable - valioso

relative - relativo, familiar, pariente, parienta, parentela

persuade - persuadir

Zurich - Zúrich, panish: t-needed

undecided - indecisos; indeciso

He was nice looking, strongly built, and rather tall. There was a strange fixity in his gaze at times. Like all very absentminded people he would sometimes stare at a person without seeing him. He was silent and rather awkward, but sometimes, when he was alone with any one, he became talkative and effusive, and would laugh at anything or nothing. But his animation vanished as quickly as it appeared. He was always well and even elaborately dressed; he had already some independent fortune and expectations of much more. He was a friend of Alyosha's.

fixity - fijación

gaze - mirada; observar, mirar fijamente

stare - mirar fijamente

awkward - torpe, desmanado, embarazoso, delicado, incómodo, tímido

talkative - hablador, conversador

effusive - comunicativo, expansivo, efusivo, emotivo, rebosante, extrusivo

animation - vivificación, animación, animación

vanished - desaparecido; desvanecerse, desaparecer, anularse

elaborately - elaboradamente

expectations - expectativas; expectación, expectativa

In an ancient, jolting, but roomy, hired carriage, with a pair of old pinkishgray horses, a long way behind MiĂĽsov's carriage, came Fyodor Pavlovitch, with his son Ivan. Dmitri was late, though he had been informed of the time the evening before. The visitors left their carriage at the hotel, outside the precincts, and went to the gates of the monastery on foot. Except Fyodor Pavlovitch, none of the party had ever seen the monastery, and MiĂĽsov had probably not even been to church for thirty years. He looked about him with curiosity, together with assumed ease. But, except the church and the domestic buildings, though these too were ordinary enough, he found nothing of interest in the interior of the monastery.

jolting - sacudida; sacudir, traquetear

roomy - espacioso, amplio, desahogado

hired - contratado; alquilar

informed - informado; informar

precincts - ecintos; recinto, distrito policial

assumed - asumido; suponer, dar por sentado, asumir

ease - facilidad; aliviar

domestic - doméstico, nacional, empleada doméstica, empleada, malos tratos

buildings - Edificio

interior - interior, interior

The last of the worshippers were coming out of the church, bareheaded and crossing themselves. Among the humbler people were a few of higher rank"two or three ladies and a very old general. They were all staying at the hotel. Our visitors were at once surrounded by beggars, but none of them gave them anything, except young Kalganov, who took a ten copeck piece out of his purse, and, nervous and embarrassed"God knows why!"hurriedly gave it to an old woman, saying: "Divide it equally." None of his companions made any remark upon it, so that he had no reason to be embarrassed; but, perceiving this, he was even more overcome.

worshippers - doradores; adorador, devoto, fiel

Crossing - cruzando; cruce, crucero, edestrian; (cross); cruz, aspa

themselves - se, ellos mismos, ellas mismas

rank - rango, graduación

surrounded - rodeado; circundar, envolver, cercar, rodear

beggars - mendigos; mendigo, mendiga, pordiosero, mendicante

purse - bolsa, monedero, fruncir

divide - desunir, dividir, repartir, división, divisoria

equally - igualmente

Companions - companeros; companero, companera

remark - observación, comentario

be embarrassed - estar avergonzado

perceiving - Percibiendo; (perceive); percibir, entender

overcome - vencer, superar

It was strange that their arrival did not seem expected, and that they were not received with special honor, though one of them had recently made a donation of a thousand roubles, while another was a very wealthy and highly cultured landowner, upon whom all in the monastery were in a sense dependent, as a decision of the lawsuit might at any moment put their fishing rights in his hands. Yet no official personage met them.

honor - honor, privilegio, honrar, ajustarse, acatar, respetar

recently - recientemente, hace poco, últimamente, recién

donation - donación, donativo

decision - decisión

official - oficial, funcionario

personage - personaje

MiĂĽsov looked absentmindedly at the tombstones round the church, and was on the point of saying that the dead buried here must have paid a pretty penny for the right of lying in this "holy place," but refrained. His liberal irony was rapidly changing almost into anger.

tombstones - lápidas; lápida

round - ronda; redondo

A pretty penny - un buen dinero

lying - Mentir; (lie) Mentir

refrained - se abstuvo; estribillo

rapidly - rápidamente

anger - ira, enfado, enojo, rabia

"Who the devil is there to ask in this imbecile place? We must find out, for time is passing," he observed suddenly, as though speaking to himself.

devil - demonio; diablo

imbecile - imbécil

passing - pasando; pasajero, excelente, superficial, somero

All at once there came up a baldheaded, elderly man with ingratiating little eyes, wearing a full, summer overcoat. Lifting his hat, he introduced himself with a honeyed lisp as Maximov, a landowner of Tula. He at once entered into our visitors'difficulty.

elderly - ancianos; anciano, entrado en anos

ingratiating - congraciarse

overcoat - un abrigo; abrigo

lifting - levantando; levantar, alzar

honeyed - miel, dulzura, carino, tesoro, cielo

lisp - ceceo, balbuceo, cecear, balbucear

entered into - entrar, involucrarse

difficulty - dificultad

"Father Zossima lives in the hermitage, apart, four hundred paces from the monastery, the other side of the copse."

four hundred - Cuatrocientos

paces - pasos; paso

copse - bosquecillo, soto, matorral

"I know it's the other side of the copse," observed Fyodor Pavlovitch, "but we don't remember the way. It is a long time since we've been here."

"This way, by this gate, and straight across the copse ... the copse. Come with me, won't you? I'll show you. I have to go.... I am going myself. This way, this way."

Gate - puerta; verja

They came out of the gate and turned towards the copse. Maximov, a man of sixty, ran rather than walked, turning sideways to stare at them all, with an incredible degree of nervous curiosity. His eyes looked starting out of his head.

sideways - de lado

degree - título, diploma, grado

"You see, we have come to the elder upon business of our own," observed MiĂĽsov severely. "That personage has granted us an audience, so to speak, and so, though we thank you for showing us the way, we cannot ask you to accompany us."

granted - concedido; otorgar, conceder, subvención, beca, patrocinio

audience - audiencia, público

accompany - acompanar; acompanar

"I've been there. I've been already; un chevalier parfait," and Maximov snapped his fingers in the air.

un - ONU

snapped - se rompió; chasquido, crujido, chasquido de dedos, fotografía

"Who is a chevalier?" asked MiĂĽsov.

"The elder, the splendid elder, the elder! The honor and glory of the monastery, Zossima. Such an elder!"

But his incoherent talk was cut short by a very pale, wanlooking monk of medium height, wearing a monk's cap, who overtook them. Fyodor Pavlovitch and MiĂĽsov stopped.

incoherent - incoherente, inconexo, deshilvanado, descosido

cut short - interrumpir, acortar

medium - medio, mitad, médium, mediano

height - altura, estatura, cumbre, cima

cap - gorra

The monk, with an extremely courteous, profound bow, announced:

profound - profundo

"The Father Superior invites all of you gentlemen to dine with him after your visit to the hermitage. At one o'clock, not later. And you also," he added, addressing Maximov.

invites - invitar

gentlemen - caballeros; caballero, senores

"That I certainly will, without fail," cried Fyodor Pavlovitch, hugely delighted at the invitation. "And, believe me, we've all given our word to behave properly here.... And you, Pyotr Alexandrovitch, will you go, too?"

fail - fracasar

cried - lloró; llorar, gritar, panish: t-needed

delighted - encantado; deleite, regocijo, delicia, placer

invitation - invitación

behave - comportarse

properly - orrectamente; como es debido, como corresponde, como toca

"Yes, of course. What have I come for but to study all the customs here? The only obstacle to me is your company...."

customs - aduana; habituación, costumbre, usanza, a medida, especializado

obstacle - obstáculo, óbice, traba, estorbo

"Yes, Dmitri Fyodorovitch is nonexistent as yet."

as yet - todavía

"It would be a capital thing if he didn't turn up. Do you suppose I like all this business, and in your company, too? So we will come to dinner. Thank the Father Superior," he said to the monk.

turn up - Aparecer; subir, aumentar

"No, it is my duty now to conduct you to the elder," answered the monk.

conduct - conducción, conducta, guiar, dirigir, manejar, conducir

"If so I'll go straight to the Father Superior"to the Father Superior," babbled Maximov.

babbled - albuceó; mascullar, farfullar, charlar, charlatanear, chacharear

"The Father Superior is engaged just now. But as you please"" the monk hesitated.

engaged - comprometido; atraer, trabar conversación con, trabar batalla

hesitated - vaciló; vacilar, dudar, hesitar

"Impertinent old man!" MiĂĽsov observed aloud, while Maximov ran back to the monastery.

impertinent - impertinente, maleducado

"He's like von Sohn," Fyodor Pavlovitch said suddenly.

"Is that all you can think of?... In what way is he like von Sohn? Have you ever seen von Sohn?"

"I've seen his portrait. It's not the features, but something indefinable. He's a second von Sohn. I can always tell from the physiognomy."

portrait - retrato

features - aracterísticas; característica, atracción, atractivo, reportaje

"Ah, I dare say you are a connoisseur in that. But, look here, Fyodor Pavlovitch, you said just now that we had given our word to behave properly. Remember it. I advise you to control yourself. But, if you begin to play the fool I don't intend to be associated with you here.... You see what a man he is""he turned to the monk""I'm afraid to go among decent people with him.

connoisseur - conocedor; connaisseur; connoisseur

look here - mira aquí

advise - aconsejar, asesorar, notificar

control - controlar, administración, control, dirección, manejo

fool - idiota; bobo, imbécil, necio, pendejo, bufón, loco

intend - pretender, planear, intencionar, intentar

associated - sociados; asociado, companero, asociar, frecuentar, alternar

I'm afraid - Tengo miedo

decent - decente

A fine smile, not without a certain slyness, came on to the pale, bloodless lips of the monk, but he made no reply, and was evidently silent from a sense of his own dignity. MiĂĽsov frowned more than ever.

smile - sonrisa, sonreír

the pale - pálido; vallado, cercado; reja; límite

bloodless - sin sangre; exangüe, incruento, sin efusión de sangre, exánime

reply - responder, repetir, respuesta

frowned - frunció el ceno; fruncir el ceno

"Oh, devil take them all! An outer show elaborated through centuries, and nothing but charlatanism and nonsense underneath," flashed through MiĂĽsov's mind.

elaborated - laborado; profundizar

charlatanism - charlatanería

nonsense - tonterías; tontería, tontada, tontuna, disparate

underneath - abajo, por debajo, bajos

flashed - flasheado; destello

"Here's the hermitage. We've arrived," cried Fyodor Pavlovitch. "The gates are shut."

shut - cerrar

And he repeatedly made the sign of the cross to the saints painted above and on the sides of the gates.

repeatedly - reiteradamente, repetidamente

Cross - cruz, aspa, sotuer, santiguamiento, senal de la cruz, cruce

sides - lados; lado

"When you go to Rome you must do as the Romans do. Here in this hermitage there are twentyfive saints being saved. They look at one another, and eat cabbages. And not one woman goes in at this gate. That's what is remarkable. And that really is so. But I did hear that the elder receives ladies," he remarked suddenly to the monk.

Rome - Roma

Romans - romanos; romano, romano, romana, Román

saved - salvado; salvar, rescatar, redimir, parar, ahorrar, guardar

cabbages - coles; repollo

Receives - recibe; recibir

"Women of the people are here too now, lying in the portico there waiting. But for ladies of higher rank two rooms have been built adjoining the portico, but outside the precincts"you can see the windows"and the elder goes out to them by an inner passage when he is well enough.

portico - pórtico

adjoining - colindante; lindar

passage - pasaje; pasillo, pasadizo

They are always outside the precincts. There is a Harkov lady, Madame Hohlakov, waiting there now with her sick daughter. Probably he has promised to come out to her, though of late he has been so weak that he has hardly shown himself even to the people."

Madame - Senora

"So then there are loopholes, after all, to creep out of the hermitage to the ladies. Don't suppose, holy father, that I mean any harm. But do you know that at Athos not only the visits of women are not allowed, but no creature of the female sex"no hens, nor turkeyhens, nor cows."

loopholes - agunas; arquera, aspillera, ballestera, lancera

creep - se arrastran; reptar, hormigueo, fatiga

allowed - permitido; dejar, permitir, conceder

female - mujer; femenino, hembra, hembra

sex - sexo

hens - gallinas; gallina

"Fyodor Pavlovitch, I warn you I shall go back and leave you here. They'll turn you out when I'm gone."

warn - alertar, avisar, advertir

"But I'm not interfering with you, Pyotr Alexandrovitch. Look," he cried suddenly, stepping within the precincts, "what a vale of roses they live in!"

interfering - interfiriendo; panish: t-needed

stepping - pisando; paso

vale - valle

roses - rosas; Rosa

Though there were no roses now, there were numbers of rare and beautiful autumn flowers growing wherever there was space for them, and evidently tended by a skillful hand; there were flowerbeds round the church, and between the tombs; and the onestoried wooden house where the elder lived was also surrounded with flowers.

rare - raro, poco común

tended - tendido; guardar

Skillful - ducho, hábil, habilidoso, manoso

tombs - tumbas; tumba

wooden - de madera, acartonado

"And was it like this in the time of the last elder, Varsonofy? He didn't care for such elegance. They say he used to jump up and thrash even ladies with a stick," observed Fyodor Pavlovitch, as he went up the steps.

elegance - elegancia, checkchic

jump up - Saltar arriba

stick - palo; clavar

steps - pasos; paso

"The elder Varsonofy did sometimes seem rather strange, but a great deal that's told is foolishness. He never thrashed any one," answered the monk. "Now, gentlemen, if you will wait a minute I will announce you."

foolishness - tonterías; sandez, tontería

thrashed - golpeado; vapulear

announce - anunciar, declarar

"Fyodor Pavlovitch, for the last time, your compact, do you hear? Behave properly or I will pay you out!" MiĂĽsov had time to mutter again.

compact - compacto

mutter - hablar entre dientes, murmurar; (mut) hablar entre dientes

"I can't think why you are so agitated," Fyodor Pavlovitch observed sarcastically. "Are you uneasy about your sins? They say he can tell by one's eyes what one has come about. And what a lot you think of their opinion! you, a Parisian, and so advanced. I'm surprised at you."

agitated - agitado; agitar, perturbar

sarcastically - sarcásticamente

come about - suceder, ocurrir; virar

Parisian - parisiense, parisino, parisina

advanced - avanzado; avanzar, progresar, avance, progreso, adelanto, avance

I'm surprised - Me sorprende

But MiĂĽsov had no time to reply to this sarcasm. They were asked to come in. He walked in, somewhat irritated.

sarcasm - sarcasmo

asked to come - pedir que venga

irritated - irritado; irritar, enviscar

"Now, I know myself, I am annoyed, I shall lose my temper and begin to quarrel"and lower myself and my ideas," he reflected.

annoyed - molesto; molestar, agobiar, jorobar

lower - más bajo; oscurecerse, encapotarse; (low) más bajo; oscurecerse

Chapter II. The Old Buffoon

They entered the room almost at the same moment that the elder came in from his bedroom. There were already in the cell, awaiting the elder, two monks of the hermitage, one the Father Librarian, and the other Father PaĂŻssy, a very learned man, so they said, in delicate health, though not old. There was also a tall young man, who looked about two and twenty, standing in the corner throughout the interview. He had a broad, fresh face, and clever, observant, narrow brown eyes, and was wearing ordinary dress. He was a divinity student, living under the protection of the monastery.

awaiting - esperando; esperar, aguantar

librarian - bibliotecario

broad - amplio; ancho

fresh - fresco

narrow - estrecho

His expression was one of unquestioning, but selfrespecting, reverence. Being in a subordinate and dependent position, and so not on an equality with the guests, he did not greet them with a bow.

subordinate - subordinado, supeditar

equality - igualdad, paridad

guests - invitados; huésped, visita, visitante, convidado

greet - saludar

Father Zossima was accompanied by a novice, and by Alyosha. The two monks rose and greeted him with a very deep bow, touching the ground with their fingers; then kissed his hand. Blessing them, the elder replied with as deep a reverence to them, and asked their blessing. The whole ceremony was performed very seriously and with an appearance of feeling, not like an everyday rite. But MiĂĽsov fancied that it was all done with intentional impressiveness. He stood in front of the other visitors. He ought"he had reflected upon it the evening before"from simple politeness, since it was the custom here, to have gone up to receive the elder's blessing, even if he did not kiss his hand.

accompanied - acompanado; acompanar

rose - Rosa; (rise); Rosa

greeted - saludado; saludar

touching - Tocando; (touch); tocar, conmover, toque, toque, tacto, pizca

ground - uelo; (grind) uelo

performed - realizado; hacer, realizar, efectuar, ejecutar

everyday - todos los días; de diario, común

rite - verdad; rito

fancied - te apetece; capricho, antojo

intentional - intencionado; intencional

impressiveness - Impresionante

politeness - educación, cortesía

custom - habituación, costumbre, usanza, a medida, especializado

gone up - subir, levantar

kiss - besar

But when he saw all this bowing and kissing on the part of the monks he instantly changed his mind. With dignified gravity he made a rather deep, conventional bow, and moved away to a chair. Fyodor Pavlovitch did the same, mimicking MiĂĽsov like an ape. Ivan bowed with great dignity and courtesy, but he too kept his hands at his sides, while Kalganov was so confused that he did not bow at all. The elder let fall the hand raised to bless them, and bowing to them again, asked them all to sit down. The blood rushed to Alyosha's cheeks. He was ashamed. His forebodings were coming true.

bowing - Inclinarse; (bow) Inclinarse

gravity - gravedad

conventional - convencional

moved away - alejarse, moverse

ape - simio; mono

courtesy - cortesía, de cortesía

confused - confundido; confundir, confundirse, mezclar

raised - levantado; levantar

bless - bendecir

blood - ensangrentar

rushed - apurado; precipitarse, lanzarse, correr, ir rápidamente

forebodings - presentimientos; mal presentimiento

Father Zossima sat down on a very oldfashioned mahogany sofa, covered with leather, and made his visitors sit down in a row along the opposite wall on four mahogany chairs, covered with shabby black leather. The monks sat, one at the door and the other at the window. The divinity student, the novice, and Alyosha remained standing. The cell was not very large and had a faded look. It contained nothing but the most necessary furniture, of coarse and poor quality. There were two pots of flowers in the window, and a number of holy pictures in the corner. Before one huge ancient ikon of the Virgin a lamp was burning.

mahogany - caoba

sofa - sofá, sillón

covered - cubierto; tapa, cubierta, escondrijo, guarida, tapa

leather - piel; cuero

Row - hilera, fila

shabby - desalinado; raído, astroso, zarrapastroso, cutre, harapiento

faded - desvanecido; moda, moda pasajera

contained - contenido; contener, dominar

most necessary - el más necesario

furniture - muebles; mobiliario

coarse - grosero; tosco, rústico, rudo, bruto

poor quality - poca calidad

pots - macetas; pote, cacerola, puchero; tarro; maceta, tiesto

ikon - icono

Virgin - virgen, doncel, doncella, senorita

burning - quemando; ardiente; (burn) quemando; ardiente

Near it were two other holy pictures in shining settings, and, next them, carved cherubims, china eggs, a Catholic cross of ivory, with a Mater Dolorosa embracing it, and several foreign engravings from the great Italian artists of past centuries. Next to these costly and artistic engravings were several of the roughest Russian prints of saints and martyrs, such as are sold for a few farthings at all the fairs. On the other walls were portraits of Russian bishops, past and present.

shining - brillante; espinilla

settings - configuración, ajustes, poniente

carved - tallado; cortar, trinchar, tallar, esculpir

cherubims - querubines

China - porcelana

ivory - marfil, ebúrneo

foreign - extrano, extranjero, forastero, foráneo, exterior

engravings - grabados; grabado

Italian - italiano, italiano, italiana

costly - costoso, caro

artistic - artístico

roughest - más duro; áspero, aproximado, aproximativo, casi, turbulento

prints - impresiones; imprimir

martyrs - mártires; mártir, martirizar

fairs - erias; rubio, claro, blanco

portraits - retratos; retrato

bishops - obispos; obispo

MiĂĽsov took a cursory glance at all these "conventional" surroundings and bent an intent look upon the elder. He had a high opinion of his own insight, a weakness excusable in him as he was fifty, an age at which a clever man of the world of established position can hardly help taking himself rather seriously. At the first moment he did not like Zossima. There was, indeed, something in the elder's face which many people besides MiĂĽsov might not have liked. He was a short, bent, little man, with very weak legs, and though he was only sixtyfive, he looked at least ten years older.

cursory - rápido, superficial

bent - Doblado; (bend); doblar, curvar, doblarse, agacharse

intent - intención, intento, propósito, concentrado, entregado

insight - percepción; introspección, perspicacia, agudeza, deducción

little man - hombrecito

His face was very thin and covered with a network of fine wrinkles, particularly numerous about his eyes, which were small, lightcolored, quick, and shining like two bright points. He had a sprinkling of gray hair about his temples. His pointed beard was small and scanty, and his lips, which smiled frequently, were as thin as two threads. His nose was not long, but sharp, like a bird's beak.

network - red

numerous - numerosos; numeroso

sprinkling - Rociando; (sprinkle); salpicar, rociar, asperjar, espolvorear

temples - templos; templo

pointed beard - barba puntiaguda

scanty - escaso, exiguo

smiled - sonrió; sonrisa, sonreír

threads - hilos; hilo, hebra, hilaza, tema, argumento, hilazón, subproceso

beak - pico

"To all appearances a malicious soul, full of petty pride," thought MiĂĽsov. He felt altogether dissatisfied with his position.

all appearances - todas las apariencias

malicious - malicioso; maligno

petty - pequeno; baladí, de pitiminí, detallista, insignificante

dissatisfied - insatisfecho; descontentar

A cheap little clock on the wall struck twelve hurriedly, and served to begin the conversation.

"Precisely to our time," cried Fyodor Pavlovitch, "but no sign of my son, Dmitri. I apologize for him, sacred elder!" (Alyosha shuddered all over at "sacred elder.") "I am always punctual myself, minute for minute, remembering that punctuality is the courtesy of kings...."

apologize - disculparme; disculparse

shuddered - se estremeció; escalofrío

punctuality - puntualidad

Kings - reyes; rey

"But you are not a king, anyway," MiĂĽsov muttered, losing his self restraint at once.

king - rey

muttered - murmuró; hablar entre dientes, murmurar

"Yes; That's true. I'm not a king, and, would you believe it, Pyotr Alexandrovitch, I was aware of that myself. But, there! I always say the wrong thing. Your reverence," he cried, with sudden pathos, "you behold before you a buffoon in earnest! I introduce myself as such. It's an old habit, alas! And if I sometimes talk nonsense out of place it's with an object, with the object of amusing people and making myself agreeable. One must be agreeable, mustn't one? I was seven years ago in a little town where I had business, and I made friends with some merchants there. We went to the captain of police because we had to see him about something, and to ask him to dine with us. He was a tall, fat, fair, sulky man, the most dangerous type in such cases. It's their liver. I went straight up to him, and with the ease of a man of the world, you know, ˜Mr. Ispravnik,'said I, ˜be our Napravnik.'˜What do you mean by Napravnik?'said he. I saw, at the first halfsecond, that it had missed fire. He stood there so glum. ˜I wanted to make a joke,'said I, ˜for the general diversion, as Mr.

That's true - Es cierto

behold - contemplar, mirar, observar, he aquí, mirad

earnest - en serio; serio; (earn) en serio; serio

Alas - !ay!; (ala) !ay!

amusing - divertido; entretener, distraer, divertir

agreeable - lisonjero, agradable, dispuesto, conforme

mustn - No debe

merchants - comerciantes; comerciante, mercader

captain - capitán, capitanear, pilotar

fair - justo; rubio, claro, blanco

sulky - enfurrunado; mohíno

most dangerous - el más peligroso

type in - Insertar, escribir, introducir

straight up - sinceramente, directamente; justo; vertical, erguido; verdadero, puro

Mr - Senor

glum - triste; sombrío, taciturno, melancólico

Napravnik is our wellknown Russian orchestra conductor and what we need for the harmony of our undertaking is some one of that sort.'And I explained my comparison very reasonably, didn't I? ˜Excuse me,'said he, ˜I am an Ispravnik, and I do not allow puns to be made on my calling.'He turned and walked away. I followed him, shouting, ˜Yes, yes, you are an Ispravnik, not a Napravnik.'˜No,'he said, ˜since you called me a Napravnik I am one.'And would you believe it, it ruined our business! And I'm always like that, always like that. Always injuring myself with my politeness. Once, many years ago, I said to an influential person: ˜Your wife is a ticklish lady,'in an honorable sense, of the moral qualities, so to speak. But he asked me, ˜Why, have you tickled her?'I thought I'd be polite, so I couldn't help saying, ˜Yes,'and he gave me a fine tickling on the spot. Only that happened long ago, so I'm not ashamed to tell the story. I'm always injuring myself like that."

orchestra - orquesta

conductor - director, revisor, guarda, inspector, conductor

harmony - armonía, armonía

undertaking - emprender; funeraria, emprendimiento; (undertake); emprender

comparison - comparación

reasonably - razonablemente, justamente

didn't I - ?no es así?

Excuse - disculpe; excusar, perdonar, panish: t-needed

allow - dejar, permitir, conceder

puns - juegos de palabras; juego de palabras, retruécano

ruined - arruinado; ruina, desbaratar, arruinar, estropear, dar al traste

injuring - herir, lastimar

influential - influyente

ticklish - tienes cosquillas; cosquilloso

honorable - honorable, honroso

qualities - ualidades; calidad, cualidad, de calidad

tickled - cosquilla, hacer cosquillas, cosquillear

polite - cortés, educado

tickling - Cosquillas; (tickle); cosquilla, hacer cosquillas, cosquillear

spot - unto; mancha, grano, poquito, poquita, zona, paraje, lámpara

"You're doing it now," muttered MiĂĽsov, with disgust.

disgust - repugnar, dar asco, asquear, asco, repugnancia

Father Zossima scrutinized them both in silence.

scrutinized - examinado; escrutar, examinar, escudrinar

"Am I? Would you believe it, I was aware of that, too, Pyotr Alexandrovitch, and let me tell you, indeed, I foresaw I should as soon as I began to speak. And do you know I foresaw, too, that you'd be the first to remark on it. The minute I see my joke isn't coming off, your reverence, both my cheeks feel as though they were drawn down to the lower jaw and there is almost a spasm in them. That's been so since I was young, when I had to make jokes for my living in noblemen's families. I am an inveterate buffoon, and have been from birth up, your reverence, it's as though it were a craze in me. I dare say it's a devil within me. But only a little one. A more serious one would have chosen another lodging.

foresaw - previó; pronosticar, prever, antever

lower jaw - Mandíbula inferior

spasm - espasmo, acceso

jokes - bromas; broma, chiste, chascarrillo, cuchufleta

noblemen - nobles; noble

inveterate - inveterada; empedernido, incorregible

birth - nacimiento

craze - ocura; panish: t-needed

little one - Pequeno

serious - en serio; serio

lodging - alojamiento, hospedaje, encamado; (lodge); cabana, barraca

But not your soul, Pyotr Alexandrovitch; you're not a lodging worth having either. But I do believe"I believe in God, though I have had doubts of late. But now I sit and await words of wisdom. I'm like the philosopher, Diderot, your reverence. Did you ever hear, most Holy Father, how Diderot went to see the Metropolitan Platon, in the time of the Empress Catherine? He went in and said straight out, ˜There is no God.'To which the great bishop lifted up his finger and answered, ˜The fool hath said in his heart there is no God.'And he fell down at his feet on the spot. ˜I believe,'he cried, ˜and will be christened.'And so he was. Princess Dashkov was his godmother, and Potyomkin his godfather."

worth - vale la pena; valor

await - esperar, aguantar

wisdom - sabiduría

philosopher - filósofo, filósofa

metropolitan - metrópolis; metropolitano

Empress - Emperatriz

Catherine - Catalina

straight out - directamente

bishop - obispo

lifted - levantado; levantar, alzar

finger - dedo; apuntar, senalar, hurgar, dedear

princess - princesa, infanta, princesa, checkinfanta

Godmother - madrina, comadre

godfather - padrino

"Fyodor Pavlovitch, this is unbearable! You know you're telling lies and that that stupid anecdote isn't true. Why are you playing the fool?" cried MiĂĽsov in a shaking voice.

lies - mentiras; mentira

anecdote - anécdota, chascarrillo

shaking - Temblando; (shake); agitar, sacudir, checksacudir, sacudida

voice - voz

"I suspected all my life that it wasn't true," Fyodor Pavlovitch cried with conviction. "But I'll tell you the whole truth, gentlemen. Great elder! Forgive me, the last thing about Diderot's christening I made up just now. I never thought of it before. I made it up to add piquancy. I play the fool, Pyotr Alexandrovitch, to make myself agreeable. Though I really don't know myself, sometimes, what I do it for. And as for Diderot, I heard as far as ˜the fool hath said in his heart'twenty times from the gentry about here when I was young.

wasn - Era

forgive - perdonar, disculpar

I heard your aunt, Pyotr Alexandrovitch, tell the story. They all believe to this day that the infidel Diderot came to dispute about God with the Metropolitan Platon...."

infidel - infiel, descreído, impío

MiĂĽsov got up, forgetting himself in his impatience. He was furious, and conscious of being ridiculous.

Impatience - impaciencia

What was taking place in the cell was really incredible. For forty or fifty years past, from the times of former elders, no visitors had entered that cell without feelings of the profoundest veneration. Almost every one admitted to the cell felt that a great favor was being shown him. Many remained kneeling during the whole visit. Of those visitors, many had been men of high rank and learning, some even freethinkers, attracted by curiosity, but all without exception had shown the profoundest reverence and delicacy, for here there was no question of money, but only, on the one side love and kindness, and on the other penitence and eager desire to decide some spiritual problem or crisis. So that such buffoonery amazed and bewildered the spectators, or at least some of them.

feelings - Sentimientos

profoundest - ás profundo; profundo

admitted - admitido; admitir, dar entrada, dejar entrar, reconocer

favor - favor, favor, preferir, favorecer

kneeling - De rodillas; (kneel); arrodillarse

freethinkers - librepensadores; librepensador, librepensadora

exception - excepción, salvedad, ofensa

delicacy - una delicia; fineza, delicadeza, fragilidad, exquisitez

kindness - amabilidad, bondad

penitence - penitencia

crisis - crisis

amazed - asombrado; pasmar, sorprender, asombrar

spectators - espectadores; espectador

The monks, with unchanged countenances, waited, with earnest attention, to hear what the elder would say, but seemed on the point of standing up, like MiĂĽsov. Alyosha stood, with hanging head, on the verge of tears. What seemed to him strangest of all was that his brother Ivan, on whom alone he had rested his hopes, and who alone had such influence on his father that he could have stopped him, sat now quite unmoved, with downcast eyes, apparently waiting with interest to see how it would end, as though he had nothing to do with it. Alyosha did not dare to look at Rakitin, the divinity student, whom he knew almost intimately. He alone in the monastery knew Rakitin's thoughts.

unchanged - Sin cambios

countenances - emblantes; semblante, apariencia, expresión, rostro

verge - margen, borde; arcén

Strangest - Extrano

rested - descansado; descanso, reposo

unmoved - insensible, impasible

downcast - alicaído, abatido

intimately - íntimamente

"Forgive me," began MiĂĽsov, addressing Father Zossima, "for perhaps I seem to be taking part in this shameful foolery. I made a mistake in believing that even a man like Fyodor Pavlovitch would understand what was due on a visit to so honored a personage. I did not suppose I should have to apologize simply for having come with him...."

shameful - vergonzoso

honored - honrado; honor, privilegio, honrar, ajustarse, acatar, respetar

Pyotr Alexandrovitch could say no more, and was about to leave the room, overwhelmed with confusion.

confusion - confusión

"Don't distress yourself, I beg." The elder got on to his feeble legs, and taking Pyotr Alexandrovitch by both hands, made him sit down again. "I beg you not to disturb yourself. I particularly beg you to be my guest." And with a bow he went back and sat down again on his little sofa.

distress - aflicción, angustia, desasosiego, ansiedad

feeble - débil, endeble, feble, deficiente

disturb - perturbar, molestar

guest - invitado; huésped, visita, visitante, convidado

"Great elder, speak! Do I annoy you by my vivacity?" Fyodor Pavlovitch cried suddenly, clutching the arms of his chair in both hands, as though ready to leap up from it if the answer were unfavorable.

annoy - molestar, agobiar, jorobar

vivacity - vivacidad

clutching - agarrando; agarrar

leap - salto; saltar, brincar

unfavorable - desfavorable

"I earnestly beg you, too, not to disturb yourself, and not to be uneasy," the elder said impressively. "Do not trouble. Make yourself quite at home. And, above all, do not be so ashamed of yourself, for that is at the root of it all."

trouble - problemas; marrón, berenjenal, dificultad, problema, molestia

root - raíz

"Quite at home? To be my natural self? Oh, that is much too much, but I accept it with grateful joy. Do you know, blessed Father, you'd better not invite me to be my natural self. Don't risk it.... I will not go so far as that myself. I warn you for your own sake.

self - yo; uno mismo

grateful - agradecido, complacido

invite - invitar

Risk - riesgo, checkpeligro, arriesgar, poner en riesgo

sake - por, por motivo de; por el bien de

Well, the rest is still plunged in the mists of uncertainty, though there are people who'd be pleased to describe me for you. I mean that for you, Pyotr Alexandrovitch. But as for you, holy being, let me tell you, I am brimming over with ecstasy."

plunged - se hundió; lanzarse, zambullirse, tirarse de cabeza

mists - nieblas; neblina

uncertainty - incertidumbre, incerteza

brimming - rebosante; borde

He got up, and throwing up his hands, declaimed, "Blessed be the womb that bare thee, and the paps that gave thee suck"the paps especially. When you said just now, ˜Don't be so ashamed of yourself, for that is at the root of it all,'you pierced right through me by that remark, and read me to the core. Indeed, I always feel when I meet people that I am lower than all, and that they all take me for a buffoon. So I say, ˜Let me really play the buffoon. I am not afraid of your opinion, for you are every one of you worse than I am.

declaimed - declamado; declamar

womb - útero, matriz, cuna

bare - desnudo, descubierto

paps - Papá

suck - chupar, sorber, ser un asco, dar asco, apestar

pierced - perforado; atravesar, traspasar

core - corazón (fruta); núcleo

That is why I am a buffoon. It is from shame, great elder, from shame; it's simply oversensitiveness that makes me rowdy. If I had only been sure that every one would accept me as the kindest and wisest of men, oh, Lord, what a good man I should have been then! Teacher!" he fell suddenly on his knees, "what must I do to gain eternal life?"

shame - vergüenza, pena

wisest - el más sabio; sabio

gain - ganar, adquirir, obtener, conseguir

eternal - eterno, eternal

It was difficult even now to decide whether he was joking or really moved.

joking - bromeas; broma, chiste, chascarrillo, cuchufleta

Father Zossima, lifting his eyes, looked at him, and said with a smile:

"You have known for a long time what you must do. You have sense enough: don't give way to drunkenness and incontinence of speech; don't give way to sensual lust; and, above all, to the love of money. And close your taverns. If you can't close all, at least two or three. And, above all"don't lie."

give way - Ceder el paso

incontinence - incontinencia

Speech - habla, discurso

lust - lujuria, deseo, ganas, lujuria, alegría

lie - mentira

"You mean about Diderot?"

"No, not about Diderot. Above all, don't lie to yourself. The man who lies to himself and listens to his own lie comes to such a pass that he cannot distinguish the truth within him, or around him, and so loses all respect for himself and for others. And having no respect he ceases to love, and in order to occupy and distract himself without love he gives way to passions and coarse pleasures, and sinks to bestiality in his vices, all from continual lying to other men and to himself. The man who lies to himself can be more easily offended than any one.

lies to - mentir a alguien

listens to - escucha

distinguish - distinguir

ceases - eas

occupy - ocupar

distract - distraer, despistar

gives way - se da paso

pleasures - laceres; placer, voluptuosidad, gustar

sinks - regaderos; hundir, sumergir, sumergirse, lavamanos, fregadero

bestiality - bestialidad, bestialismo, zoofilia

vices - icios; torno de banco

easily offended - ofenderse fácilmente

You know it is sometimes very pleasant to take offense, isn't it? A man may know that nobody has insulted him, but that he has invented the insult for himself, has lied and exaggerated to make it picturesque, has caught at a word and made a mountain out of a molehill"he knows that himself, yet he will be the first to take offense, and will revel in his resentment till he feels great pleasure in it, and so pass to genuine vindictiveness. But get up, sit down, I beg you. All this, too, is deceitful posturing...."

pleasant - agradable, placentero

isn't it? - ?No es así?

insulted - insultado; insultar, insulto, ofensa, improperio

lied - Mentiste

molehill - un grano de arena; topera

revel - revelar; deleitarse

resentment - resentimiento, animadversión, animosidad, rencor

vindictiveness - venganza; revanchismo

deceitful - enganoso; falso, deshonesto

posturing - posturas; postureo; (posture); postura

"Blessed man! Give me your hand to kiss."

Fyodor Pavlovitch skipped up, and imprinted a rapid kiss on the elder's thin hand. "It is, it is pleasant to take offense. You said that so well, as I never heard it before. Yes, I have been all my life taking offense, to please myself, taking offense on esthetic grounds, for it is not so much pleasant as distinguished sometimes to be insulted"that you had forgotten, great elder, it is distinguished! I shall make a note of that. But I have been lying, lying positively my whole life long, every day and hour of it. Of a truth, I am a lie, and the father of lies. Though I believe I am not the father of lies. I am getting mixed in my texts. Say, the son of lies, and that will be enough.

skipped - saltado; saltar

imprinted - impreso; huella, marca, impresión

esthetic - stética

grounds - uelo

mixed - mezclado; mezclar

Only ... my angel ... I may sometimes talk about Diderot! Diderot will do no harm, though sometimes a word will do harm. Great elder, by the way, I was forgetting, though I had been meaning for the last two years to come here on purpose to ask and to find out something. Only do tell Pyotr Alexandrovitch not to interrupt me. Here is my question: Is it true, great Father, that the story is told somewhere in the Lives of the Saints of a holy saint martyred for his faith who, when his head was cut off at last, stood up, picked up his head, and, ˜courteously kissing it,'walked a long way, carrying it in his hands. Is that true or not, honored Father?"

do harm - hacer dano

interrupt - interrumpir, interrupción

martyred - martirizado; mártir, martirizar

picked - elegido; pico, ganzúa, hurgar, recoger

courteously - cortésmente

"No, it is untrue," said the elder.

untrue - no es cierto; falso, incorrecto, inexacto

"There is nothing of the kind in all the lives of the saints. What saint do you say the story is told of?" asked the Father Librarian.

"I do not know what saint. I do not know, and can't tell. I was deceived. I was told the story. I had heard it, and do you know who told it? Pyotr Alexandrovitch MiĂĽsov here, who was so angry just now about Diderot. He it was who told the story."

deceived - enganado; enganar, decebir

"I have never told it you, I never speak to you at all."

"It is true you did not tell me, but you told it when I was present. It was three years ago. I mentioned it because by that ridiculous story you shook my faith, Pyotr Alexandrovitch. You knew nothing of it, but I went home with my faith shaken, and I have been getting more and more shaken ever since. Yes, Pyotr Alexandrovitch, you were the cause of a great fall. That was not a Diderot!"

shaken - sacudido; agitar, sacudir, checksacudir, sacudida, batido

Fyodor Pavlovitch got excited and pathetic, though it was perfectly clear to every one by now that he was playing a part again. Yet MiĂĽsov was stung by his words.

got excited - se emocionó

pathetic - patético, penoso

perfectly - perfectamente

clear - está claro; transparente, claro, despejado, libre

stung - picado; aguijón

"What nonsense, and it is all nonsense," he muttered. "I may really have told it, some time or other ... but not to you. I was told it myself. I heard it in Paris from a Frenchman. He told me it was read at our mass from the Lives of the Saints ... he was a very learned man who had made a special study of Russian statistics and had lived a long time in Russia.

What nonsense - Qué tontería

statistics - estadísticas; estadística

.. I have not read the Lives of the Saints myself, and I am not going to read them ... all sorts of things are said at dinner"we were dining then."

sorts - clases; clase, tipo, género

dining - cenar; jaleo

"Yes, you were dining then, and so I lost my faith!" said Fyodor Pavlovitch, mimicking him.

dining - cenar

"What do I care for your faith?" MiĂĽsov was on the point of shouting, but he suddenly checked himself, and said with contempt, "You defile everything you touch."

defile - rofanar

The elder suddenly rose from his seat. "Excuse me, gentlemen, for leaving you a few minutes," he said, addressing all his guests. "I have visitors awaiting me who arrived before you. But don't you tell lies all the same," he added, turning to Fyodor Pavlovitch with a goodhumored face. He went out of the cell. Alyosha and the novice flew to escort him down the steps. Alyosha was breathless: he was glad to get away, but he was glad, too, that the elder was goodhumored and not offended.

seat - asiento, seato, sede

escort - acompanante; escolta, acompanante, escoltar

breathless - jadeante, sin aliento

offended - ofendido; ofender

Father Zossima was going towards the portico to bless the people waiting for him there. But Fyodor Pavlovitch persisted in stopping him at the door of the cell.

persisted - ersistió; persistir

"Blessed man!" he cried, with feeling. "Allow me to kiss your hand once more. Yes, with you I could still talk, I could still get on. Do you think I always lie and play the fool like this? Believe me, I have been acting like this all the time on purpose to try you. I have been testing you all the time to see whether I could get on with you.

Is there room for my humility beside your pride? I am ready to give you a testimonial that one can get on with you! But now, I'll Be quiet; I will Keep quiet all the time. I'll sit in a chair and hold my tongue. Now it is for you to speak, Pyotr Alexandrovitch. You are the principal person left now"for ten minutes."

testimonial - testimonio; referencias

Be quiet - callarse

Keep quiet - guardar silencio, callar

Chapter III. Peasant Women Who Have Faith

Near the wooden portico below, built on to the outer wall of the precinct, there was a crowd of about twenty peasant women. They had been told that the elder was at last coming out, and they had gathered together in anticipation. Two ladies, Madame Hohlakov and her daughter, had also come out into the portico to wait for the elder, but in a separate part of it set aside for women of rank.

outer wall - Pared exterior

precinct - precinto; recinto, distrito policial

anticipation - previsión, anticipación

separate - separado, separar, disgregar

aside - aparte, a un lado, aparte

Madame Hohlakov was a wealthy lady, still young and attractive, and always dressed with taste. She was rather pale, and had lively black eyes. She was not more than thirtythree, and had been five years a widow. Her daughter, a girl of fourteen, was partially paralyzed. The poor child had not been able to walk for the last six months, and was wheeled about in a long reclining chair. She had a charming little face, rather thin from illness, but full of gayety. There was a gleam of mischief in her big dark eyes with their long lashes.

attractive - atractivo, atrayente

lively - animado

partially - parte

paralyzed - paralizado; paralizar

wheeled - con ruedas; rueda, pez gordo, llanta, rodar, circunvolar

reclining - reclinado; reclinarse

charming - encantador; (charm); encantador

gleam - resplandor; relucir, brillar, destellar

mischief - travesuras; travesura, diablura, gamberrada

lashes - pestanas; pestana

Her mother had been intending to take her abroad ever since the spring, but they had been detained all the summer by business connected with their estate. They had been staying a week in our town, where they had come more for purposes of business than devotion, but had visited Father Zossima once already, three days before. Though they knew that the elder scarcely saw any one, they had now suddenly turned up again, and urgently entreated "the happiness of looking once again on the great healer."

intending - con intención; pretender, planear, intencionar, intentar

detained - detenido; panish: t-needed

connected - conectados; conectar

purposes - propósitos; propósito, fin; razón

devotion - devoción, dedicación, fervor, veneración

urgently - con urgencia; urgentemente, de ahora para ahorita

entreated - suplicado; rogar, suplicar, invitar, compartir, negociar

Happiness - la felicidad; felicidad

healer - curandero, santero, sanador

The mother was sitting on a chair by the side of her daughter's invalid carriage, and two paces from her stood an old monk, not one of our monastery, but a visitor from an obscure religious house in the far north. He too sought the elder's blessing.

invalid - nulo, inválido, no válido

sought - buscado; buscar

But Father Zossima, on entering the portico, went first straight to the peasants who were crowded at the foot of the three steps that led up into the portico. Father Zossima stood on the top step, put on his stole, and began blessing the women who thronged about him.

crowded - abarrotado; multitud, muchedumbre

Stole - Robar; (steal); robar, hurtar, robo

thronged - abarrotado; muchedumbre, gentío, caterva, multitud, montón

One crazy woman was led up to him. As soon as she caught sight of the elder she began shrieking and writhing as though in the pains of childbirth. Laying the stole on her forehead, he read a short prayer over her, and she was at once soothed and quieted.

shrieking - Gritos; (shriek); alarido, chillido, chillar

pains - dolores; dolor

childbirth - el parto; parto, nacimiento, alumbramiento

laying - colocación; (lay) colocación

forehead - la frente; frente

soothed - calmado; verdad

I do not know how it may be now, but in my childhood I often happened to see and hear these "possessed" women in the villages and monasteries. They used to be brought to mass; they would squeal and bark like a dog so that they were heard all over the church. But when the sacrament was carried in and they were led up to it, at once the "possession" ceased, and the sick women were always soothed for a time. I was greatly impressed and amazed at this as a child; but then I heard from country neighbors and from my town teachers that the whole illness was simulated to avoid work, and that it could always be cured by suitable severity; various anecdotes were told to confirm this. But later on I learnt with astonishment from medical specialists that there is no pretense about it, that it is a terrible illness to which women are subject, specially prevalent among us in Russia, and that it is due to the hard lot of the peasant women. It is a disease, I was told, arising from exhausting toil too soon after hard, abnormal and unassisted labor in childbirth, and from the hopeless misery, from beatings, and so on, which some women were not able to endure like others.

squeal - chillido, chirrido, rechinido, chillar, delatar

bark - corteza; ladrido

ceased - esado; cesar, parar, terminar

soothed - calmado; calmar, serenar, aliviar, aliviarse, descansar

neighbors - vecinos; vecino

simulated - simulado; simular

avoid - evitar, esquivar

cured - curado; chucho, quiltro

suitable - adecuado; apropiado, indicado

severity - severidad, seriedad, gravedad

anecdotes - anécdotas; anécdota, chascarrillo

confirm - confirmar

astonishment - asombro, estupefacción, sorpresa, extraneza

medical - médico

specialists - especialistas; especialista

prevalent - dominante, mayoritario, prevalente, predominante

arising from - surgir de

exhausting - extenuante; agotar, cansar, tubo de escape, gas de escape

abnormal - anormal

unassisted - sin ayuda; desasistido

hopeless - sin esperanza; desesperado

misery - miseria, sinvivir, desgracia, desdicha, infortunio

beatings - palizas; paliza, latido

endure - soportar; aguantar, perdurar, tolerar, consentir, condescender

The strange and instant healing of the frantic and struggling woman as soon as she was led up to the holy sacrament, which had been explained to me as due to malingering and the trickery of the "clericals," arose probably in the most natural manner. Both the women who supported her and the invalid herself fully believed as a truth beyond question that the evil spirit in possession of her could not hold out if the sick woman were brought to the sacrament and made to bow down before it. And so, with a nervous and psychically deranged woman, a sort of convulsion of the whole organism always took place, and was bound to take place, at the moment of bowing down to the sacrament, aroused by the expectation of the miracle of healing and the implicit belief that it would come to pass; and it did come to pass, though only for a moment. It was exactly the same now as soon as the elder touched the sick woman with the stole.

instant - instantáneo, inmediato

frantic - frenético

malingering - engano; hacerse el enfermo

trickery - trucos; triquinuela, superchería, trapisonda

arose - surgió; surgir, levantarse, provenir, aparecer

most natural - el más natural

supported - con apoyo; aguantar, sostener

beyond question - incuestionable

evil - malo, malvado

spirit - espíritu, alma, onda, alcohol, bebida espirituosa

hold out - aguantar, mantenerse firme

convulsion - convulsión

organism - organismo

expectation - expectativas; expectación, expectativa

touched - tocado; tocar, conmover, toque, toque, tacto, pizca

Many of the women in the crowd were moved to tears of ecstasy by the effect of the moment: some strove to kiss the hem of his garment, others cried out in singsong voices.

effect - efecto, efectos, efectos especiales, vigencia, vigor

strove - se esforzó; esforzarse

hem - dobladillo

garment - prenda, prenda de vestir

voices - voces; voz

He blessed them all and talked with some of them. The "possessed" woman he knew already. She came from a village only six versts from the monastery, and had been brought to him before.

"But here is one from afar." He pointed to a woman by no means old but very thin and wasted, with a face not merely sunburnt but almost blackened by exposure. She was kneeling and gazing with a fixed stare at the elder; there was something almost frenzied in her eyes.

from afar - desde lejos

wasted - desperdiciado; desperdiciar, malgastar

blackened - ennegrecido; ennegrecer, tiznar

exposure - exposición, exposición, checkpublicidad, checkdenuncia

gazing - mirando; observar, mirar fijamente

"From afar off, Father, from afar off! From two hundred miles from here. From afar off, Father, from afar off!" the woman began in a singsong voice as though she were chanting a dirge, swaying her head from side to side with her cheek resting in her hand.

afar - lejos; afar

chanting - cantando; salmodiar

dirge - canto fúnebre

swaying - Oscilación; (sway); balanceo, influencia, influjo

side with - apoyar a alguien, respaldar

cheek - mejilla, cacha, cachete, nalga, glúteo, descoco

resting - Descansando; (rest) Descansando

There is silent and longsuffering sorrow to be met with among the peasantry. It withdraws into itself and is still. But there is a grief that breaks out, and from that minute it bursts into tears and finds vent in wailing. This is particularly common with women.

peasantry - campesinado

withdraws - se retira; retirar(se)

breaks out - estallar; escapar; librar(se)

bursts - ráfagas; reventar, romper, ráfaga, estallo, reventón

vent - ventilar; respiradero; rejilla de ventilación

wailing - aullidos; (wail) aullidos

But it is no lighter a grief than the silent. Lamentations comfort only by lacerating the heart still more. Such grief does not desire consolation. It feeds on the sense of its hopelessness. Lamentations spring only from the constant craving to reopen the wound.

lamentations - amentaciones; lamentación

lacerating - lacerante; lacerar

consolation - consolación, consuelo, premio de consolación, premio de consuelo

feeds - alimentos; dar de comer a, alimentar

hopelessness - desesperanza

constant - constante, perseverante, firme, constante

craving - Ansias; (crave); anhelar, ansiar, implorar

reopen - reabrir, reabrirse

wound - Herida

"You are of the tradesman class?" said Father Zossima, looking curiously at her.

tradesman - obrero; artesano

"Townfolk we are, Father, townfolk. Yet we are peasants though we live in the town. I have come to see you, O Father! We heard of you, Father, we heard of you. I have buried my little son, and I have come on a pilgrimage. I have been in three monasteries, but they told me, ˜Go, Nastasya, go to them'"that is to you. I have come; I was yesterday at the service, and today I have come to you."

Townfolk - Pueblo

pilgrimage - peregrinación, peregrinaje, peregrinar

"What are you weeping for?"

"It's my little son I'm grieving for, Father. He was three years old"three years all but three months. For my little boy, Father, I'm in anguish, for my little boy. He was the last one left. We had four, my Nikita and I, and now we've no children, our dear ones have all gone. I buried the first three without grieving overmuch, and now I have buried the last I can't forget him. He seems always standing before me. He never leaves me. He has withered my heart. I look at his little clothes, his little shirt, his little boots, and I wail. I lay out all that is left of him, all his little things. I look at them and wail. I say to Nikita, my husband, ˜Let me go on a pilgrimage, master.

anguish - angustia

overmuch - Demasiado

withered - se marchitó; marchitar(se)

wail - aullido; llorar, gimotear; ulular; planir

lay out - disenar; exponer; distribuir; derribar a alguien;

Master - maestro; senor, dueno; senora, duena

He is a driver. We're not poor people, Father, not poor; he drives our own horse. It's all our own, the horse and the carriage. And what good is it all to us now? My Nikita has begun drinking while I am away. He's sure to. It used to be so before. As soon as I turn my back he gives way to it. But now I don't think about him. It's three months since I left home. I've forgotten him. I've forgotten everything. I don't want to remember. And what would our life be now together? I've done with him, I've done. I've done with them all. I don't care to look upon my house and my goods. I don't care to see anything at all!"

"Listen, mother," said the elder. "Once in olden times a holy saint saw in the Temple a mother like you weeping for her little one, her only one, whom God had taken. ˜Knowest thou not,'said the saint to her, ˜how bold these little ones are before the throne of God? Verily there are none bolder than they in the Kingdom of Heaven. "Thou didst give us life, O Lord," they say, "and scarcely had we looked upon it when Thou didst take it back again." And so boldly they ask and ask again that God gives them at once the rank of angels.

olden - Antiguo

Temple - templo

knowest - Sabes

throne - trono

verily - verdaderamente, de verdad, de veras, realmente

bolder - más audaz; valiente, audaz, atrevido

boldly - con valentía; audazmente, valientemente

angels - ángeles; ángel

Therefore,'said the saint, ˜thou, too, O mother, rejoice and weep not, for thy little son is with the Lord in the fellowship of the angels.'That's what the saint said to the weeping mother of old. He was a great saint and he could not have spoken falsely. Therefore you too, mother, know that your little one is surely before the throne of God, is rejoicing and happy, and praying to God for you, and therefore weep not, but rejoice."

rejoice - alegrarse, regocijarse

weep - llorar

fellowship - companerismo; confraternidad, beca

falsely - falsamente

surely - seguro; seguramente, checksin duda

rejoicing - alegría; (rejoice); alegrarse, regocijarse

The woman listened to him, looking down with her cheek in her hand. She sighed deeply.

sighed - suspiró; suspirar

"My Nikita tried to comfort me with the same words as you. ˜Foolish one,'he said, ˜why weep? Our son is no doubt singing with the angels before God.'He says that to me, but he weeps himself. I see that he cries like me. ˜I know, Nikita,'said I. ˜Where could he be if not with the Lord God? Only, here with us now he is not as he used to sit beside us before.'And if only I could look upon him one little time, if only I could peep at him one little time, without going up to him, without speaking, if I could be hidden in a corner and only see him for one little minute, hear him playing in the yard, calling in his little voice, ˜Mammy, where are you?

weeps - llorar

peep - espiar

hidden - ocultos; esconder(se), ocultar

calling in - llamando

mammy - mamá, mami

If only I could hear him pattering with his little feet about the room just once, only once; for so often, so often I remember how he used to run to me and shout and laugh, if only I could hear his little feet I should know him! But he's gone, Father, he's gone, and I shall never hear him again. Here's his little sash, but him I shall never see or hear now."

pattering - pattering; repiquetear, golpear, corretear

sash - faja; fajín (militar)

She drew out of her bosom her boy's little embroidered sash, and as soon as she looked at it she began shaking with sobs, hiding her eyes with her fingers through which the tears flowed in a sudden stream.

bosom - seno, pechera, busto

embroidered - bordado; bordar

sobs - sollozos; hdp

hiding - Escondiéndote; (hid) Escondiéndote

flowed - fluyó; fluir

stream - corriente, flujo, arroyo, fluir, recibir flujo, (2) checkcorrer

"It is Rachel of old," said the elder, "weeping for her children, and will not be comforted because they are not. Such is the lot set on earth for you mothers. Be not comforted. Consolation is not what you need. Weep and be not consoled, but weep. Only every time that you weep be sure to remember that your little son is one of the angels of God, that he looks down from there at you and sees you, and rejoices at your tears, and points at them to the Lord God; and a long while yet will you keep that great mother's grief.

comforted - confortado; comodidad, consuelo, confortar

consoled - consolado; consolar

rejoices - se alegra; alegrarse, regocijarse

But it will turn in the end into quiet joy, and your bitter tears will be only tears of tender sorrow that purifies the heart and delivers it from sin. And I shall pray for the peace of your child's soul. What was his name?"

turn in - acostarse, ir a la cama; devolver, entregar

Bitter - amargo

purifies - purificar

delivers - liberar, parir, dar a luz, entregar

"Alexey, Father."

"A sweet name. After Alexey, the man of God?"

sweet - dulcemente, dulce, caramelo, chuche, confite

"Yes, Father."

"What a saint he was! I will remember him, mother, and your grief in my prayers, and I will pray for your husband's health. It is a sin for you to leave him. Your little one will see from heaven that you have forsaken his father, and will weep over you. Why do you trouble his happiness? He is living, for the soul lives for ever, and though he is not in the house he is near you, unseen.

prayers - Oración

forsaken - abandonado; abandonar

unseen - No se ve

How can he go into the house when you say that the house is hateful to you? To whom is he to go if he find you not together, his father and mother? He comes to you in dreams now, and you grieve. But then he will send you gentle dreams. Go to your husband, mother; go this very day."

hateful - odioso, detestable

dreams - suenos; sueno, ensueno, sonar

grieve - duelo; afligirse, acongojarse

"I will go, Father, at your word. I will go. You've gone straight to my heart. My Nikita, my Nikita, you are waiting for me," the woman began in a singsong voice; but the elder had already turned away to a very old woman, dressed like a dweller in the town, not like a pilgrim. Her eyes showed that she had come with an object, and in order to say something.

dweller - habitante

pilgrim - peregrino, colonista

She said she was the widow of a noncommissioned officer, and lived close by in the town. Her son Vasenka was in the commissariat service, and had gone to Irkutsk in Siberia. He had written twice from there, but now a year had passed since he had written. She did inquire about him, but she did not know the proper place to inquire.

inquire - preguntar; investigar, informarse

"Only the other day Stepanida Ilyinishna"she's a rich merchant's wife"said to me, ˜You go, Prohorovna, and put your son's name down for prayer in the church, and pray for the peace of his soul as though he were dead. His soul will be troubled,'she said, ˜and he will write you a letter.

merchant - comerciante, mercader

And Stepanida Ilyinishna told me it was a certain thing which had been many times tried. Only I am in doubt.... Oh, you light of ours! is it true or false, and would it be right?"

"Don't think of it. It's shameful to ask the question. How is it possible to pray for the peace of a living soul? And his own mother too! It's a great sin, akin to sorcery. Only for your ignorance it is forgiven you. Better pray to the Queen of Heaven, our swift defense and help, for his good health, and that she may forgive you for your error.

akin - parecido; emparentado, semejante, similar

sorcery - hechicería; brujería, magia

ignorance - ignorancia

pray to - Rezar a

Queen - reina, loca, reinona, gata, coronar

defense - defensa, panish: t-needed

error - error, yerro, checkyerro, panish: t-needed

And another thing I will tell you, Prohorovna. Either he will soon come back to you, your son, or he will be sure to send a letter. Go, and henceforward be in peace. Your son is alive, I tell you."

henceforward - de ahora en adelante

"Dear Father, God reward you, our benefactor, who prays for all of us and for our sins!"

Reward - recompensa

prays - rezar, orar

But the elder had already noticed in the crowd two glowing eyes fixed upon him. An exhausted, consumptivelooking, though young peasant woman was gazing at him in silence. Her eyes besought him, but she seemed afraid to approach.

glowing - resplandeciente; fulgir, fulgurar, iluminar, brillar

exhausted - exhausto; agotar, cansar, tubo de escape, gas de escape

gazing at - mirando

approach - enfoque; acercarse, aproximarse

"What is it, my child?"

"Absolve my soul, Father," she articulated softly, and slowly sank on her knees and bowed down at his feet. "I have sinned, Father. I am afraid of my sin."

absolve - absolver, exculpar, exonerar

articulated - rticulado; articular

softly - suavemente, inaudiblemente, silenciosamente

slowly - lentamente, despacio

sank - se hundió; hundir, sumergir, sumergirse, lavamanos, fregadero

The elder sat down on the lower step. The woman crept closer to him, still on her knees.

crept - se arrastró; reptar, hormigueo, fatiga

"I am a widow these three years," she began in a halfwhisper, with a sort of shudder. "I had a hard life with my husband. He was an old man. He used to beat me cruelly. He lay ill; I thought looking at him, if he were to get well, if he were to get up again, what then? And then the thought came to me""

shudder - temblor; escalofrío

beat - batir, golpear, percutir

cruelly - sangrientamente, cruelmente

ill - enfermo, mareado, mal

"Stay!" said the elder, and he put his ear close to her lips.

The woman went on in a low whisper, so that it was almost impossible to catch anything. She had soon done.

whisper - susurro, rumor, rastro, susurrar

catch - coger; pega, traba, truco, cuestión

"Three years ago?" asked the elder.

"Three years. At first I didn't think about it, but now I've begun to be ill, and the thought never leaves me."

"Have you come from far?"

"Over three hundred miles away."

"Have you told it in confession?"

"I have confessed it. Twice I have confessed it."

confessed - confesó; confesar, panish: t-needed

"Have you been admitted to Communion?"

communion - comunión

"Yes. I am afraid. I am afraid to die."

"Fear nothing and never be afraid; and don't fret. If only your penitence fail not, God will forgive all. There is no sin, and there can be no sin on all the earth, which the Lord will not forgive to the truly repentant! Man cannot commit a sin so great as to exhaust the infinite love of God. Can there be a sin which could exceed the love of God? Think only of repentance, continual repentance, but dismiss fear altogether. Believe that God loves you as you cannot conceive; that He loves you with your sin, in your sin. It has been said of old that over one repentant sinner there is more joy in heaven than over ten righteous men.

fear - miedo, temor

fret - traste; preocuparse

truly - de verdad; verdaderamente, realmente

repentant - arrepentido

commit a sin - cometer un pecado

exhaust - agotar, cansar, tubo de escape, gas de escape

infinite - infinito

exceed - sobrepasar, pasarse, exceder

repentance - arrepentimiento

dismiss - descartar; despedir; denegar; dejar salir

conceive - concebir

righteous - justo; inmaculado, inocente, santo, beato, correcto

Go, and fear not. Be not bitter against men. Be not angry if you are wronged. Forgive the dead man in your heart what wrong he did you. Be reconciled with him in truth. If you are penitent, you love. And if you love you are of God. All things are atoned for, all things are saved by love. If I, a sinner, even as you are, am tender with you and have pity on you, how much more will God. Love is such a priceless treasure that you can redeem the whole world by it, and expiate not only your own sins but the sins of others."

reconciled - reconciliado; reconciliar, avenir

in truth - en verdad

penitent - arrepentido; penitente

atoned - xpiado; expiar

pity - compasión, piedad, lástima, pena, tener lástima

priceless - no tiene precio; inestimable

treasure - tesoro, atesorar

redeem - redimir, rescatar, liberar, libertar, redimirse, canjear

He signed her three times with the cross, took from his own neck a little ikon and put it upon her. She bowed down to the earth without speaking.

signed - firmado; senal

neck - cuello

He got up and looked cheerfully at a healthy peasant woman with a tiny baby in her arms.

cheerfully - con alegría

tiny - pequeno; diminuto, minúsculo, pequenito

"From Vyshegorye, dear Father."

"Five miles you have dragged yourself with the baby. What do you want?"

"I've come to look at you. I have been to you before"or have you forgotten? You've no great memory if you've forgotten me. They told us you were ill. Thinks I, I'll go and see him for myself. Now I see you, and you're not ill! You'll live another twenty years. God Bless you! There are plenty to pray for you; how should you be ill?"

Bless you - !Jesús!, !Salud!

"I thank you for all, daughter."

"By the way, I have a thing to ask, not a great one. Here are sixty copecks. Give them, dear Father, to some one poorer than me. I thought as I came along, better give through him. He'll know whom to give to."

"Thanks, my dear, thanks! You are a good woman. I love you. I will do so certainly. Is that your little girl?"

"My little girl, Father, Lizaveta."

"May the Lord bless you both, you and your babe Lizaveta! You have gladdened my heart, mother. Farewell, dear children, farewell, dear ones."

gladdened - contento; alborozar

Farewell - adiós, despedida, despedirse

He blessed them all and bowed low to them.

Chapter IV. A Lady Of Little Faith

A visitor looking on the scene of his conversation with the peasants and his blessing them shed silent tears and wiped them away with her handkerchief. She was a sentimental society lady of genuinely good disposition in many respects. When the elder went up to her at last she met him enthusiastically.

scene - escena, escenario

shed - cobertizo, nave

wiped - borrada; limpiar

handkerchief - panuelo; panuelo

Society - sociedad, comunidad

genuinely - de verdad; auténticamente, genuinamente

disposition - disposición; inclinación, temperamento, carácter

respects - respetos; respeto, respetar

enthusiastically - con entusiasmo

"Ah, what I have been feeling, looking on at this touching scene!..." She could not go on for emotion. "Oh, I understand the people's love for you. I love the people myself. I want to love them. And who could help loving them, our splendid Russian people, so simple in their greatness!"

greatness - grandeza

"How is your daughter's health? You wanted to talk to me again?"

"Oh, I have been urgently begging for it, I have prayed for it! I was ready to fall on my knees and kneel for three days at your windows until you let me in. We have come, great healer, to express our ardent gratitude. You have healed my Lise, healed her completely, merely by praying over her last Thursday and laying your hands upon her. We have hastened here to kiss those hands, to pour out our feelings and our homage."

begging - Mendigando; (beg) Mendigando

prayed - rezó; rezar, orar

kneel - arrodillarse

express - expresar

gratitude - gratitud

hastened - se precipitó; correr, acelerar, precipitar, anticipar, adelantar

pour out - desbordar, inundar, hablar sin parar sobre algo

"What do you mean by healed? But she is still lying down in her chair."

"But her night fevers have entirely ceased ever since Thursday," said the lady with nervous haste. "And that's not all. Her legs are stronger. This morning she got up well; she had slept all night. Look at her rosy cheeks, her bright eyes! She used to be always crying, but now she laughs and is gay and happy. This morning she insisted on my letting her stand up, and she stood up for a whole minute without any support. She wagers that in a fortnight she'll be dancing a quadrille. I've called in Doctor Herzenstube.

fevers - fiebre, calentura

rosy - Rosa

crying - llorando; llanto; (cry); llorar, gritar, panish: t-needed

insisted - insistió; insistir

support - apoyo; aguantar, sostener

wagers - apuestas; apuesta

Quadrille - Cuadrilla

He shrugged his shoulders and said, ˜I am amazed; I can make nothing of it.'And would you have us not come here to disturb you, not fly here to thank you? Lise, thank him"thank him!"

shrugged - se encogió de hombros; encogimiento de hombros

Lise's pretty little laughing face became suddenly serious. She rose in her chair as far as she could and, looking at the elder, clasped her hands before him, but could not restrain herself and broke into laughter.

clasped - agarrado; broche, manija, corchete, hebilla, agarrar

restrain - retener; refrenar(se), contenerse

laughter - risas; risa, risa

"It's at him," she said, pointing to Alyosha, with childish vexation at herself for not being able to repress her mirth.

childish - para ninos, infantil, infantiloide, pueril

vexation - enfado; vejación, vejación

repress - reprimir

mirth - felicidad, alegría, júbilo

If any one had looked at Alyosha standing a step behind the elder, he would have caught a quick flush crimsoning his cheeks in an instant. His eyes shone and he looked down.

flush - lanzar; rubor

crimsoning - crimsoning; carmín, carmesí

shone - brilló; brillar

"She has a message for you, Alexey Fyodorovitch. How are you?" the mother went on, holding out her exquisitely gloved hand to Alyosha.

holding out - aguantar, Mantenerse firme

gloved - enguantado; guante, gorro

The elder turned round and all at once looked attentively at Alyosha. The latter went nearer to Lise and, smiling in a strangely awkward way, held out his hand to her too. Lise assumed an important air.

attentively - con atención; atentamente

smiling - sonriendo; sonriente; (smile); sonrisa, sonreír

strangely - extranamente; extranamente

"Katerina Ivanovna has sent you this through me." She handed him a little note. "She particularly begs you to go and see her as soon as possible; that you will not fail her, but will be sure to come."

begs - suplica; pedir

"She asks me to go and see her? Me? What for?" Alyosha muttered in great astonishment. His face at once looked anxious. "Oh, it's all to do with Dmitri Fyodorovitch and"what has happened lately," the mother explained hurriedly. "Katerina Ivanovna has made up her mind, but she must see you about it.... Why, of course, I can't say. But she wants to see you at once. And you will go to her, of course. It is a Christian duty."

lately - últimamente

Christian - cristiano, cristiana, Cristián

"I have only seen her once," Alyosha protested with the same perplexity.

protested - protestó; protestar, proclamar, oponerse, objetar, protesta

perplexity - perplejidad

"Oh, she is such a lofty, incomparable creature! If only for her suffering.... Think what she has gone through, what she is enduring now! Think what awaits her! It's all terrible, terrible!"

lofty - altivo; majestuoso

incomparable - incomparable, inigualable

awaits - te espera; esperar, aguantar

"Very well, I will come," Alyosha decided, after rapidly scanning the brief, enigmatic note, which consisted of an urgent entreaty that he would come, without any sort of explanation.

scanning - Escaneando; (scan); escrutar, escanear, escandir

urgent - urgente, acuciante, apremiante

entreaty - suplicas; petición, solicitud, plegaria

"Oh, how sweet and generous that would be of you!" cried Lise with sudden animation. "I told mamma you'd be sure not to go. I said you were saving your soul. How splendid you are! I've always thought you were splendid. How glad I am to tell you so!"

generous - generoso, magnánimo, dadivoso, munificente

mamma - mama, mamá

saving - salvando; ahorro, ahorros, economías; (save); salvar, rescatar

"Lise!" said her mother impressively, though she smiled after she had said it.

"You have quite forgotten us, Alexey Fyodorovitch," she said; "you never come to see us. Yet Lise has told me twice that she is never happy except with you."

Alyosha raised his downcast eyes and again flushed, and again smiled without knowing why. But the elder was no longer watching him. He had begun talking to a monk who, as mentioned before, had been awaiting his entrance by Lise's chair. He was evidently a monk of the humblest, that is of the peasant, class, of a narrow outlook, but a true believer, and, in his own way, a stubborn one.

flushed - enjuagado; rubor

entrance - entrada

humblest - más humilde; humilde

outlook - vista, punto de vista, visión, perspectivas

believer - creyente

stubborn - testarudo, obstinado, cabezota

He announced that he had come from the far north, from Obdorsk, from Saint Sylvester, and was a member of a poor monastery, consisting of only ten monks. The elder gave him his blessing and invited him to come to his cell whenever he liked.

consisting - consistente; componerse (de), constar (de)

invited - invitado; invitar

whenever - cuándo; cuando quiera, siempre que, siempre y cuando

"How can you presume to do such deeds?" the monk asked suddenly, pointing solemnly and significantly at Lise. He was referring to her "healing."

significantly - significativamente

referring - referirse

"It's too early, of course, to speak of that. Relief is not complete cure, and may proceed from different causes. But if there has been any healing, it is by no power but God's will. It's all from God. Visit me, Father," he added to the monk. "It's not often I can see visitors. I am ill, and I know that my days are numbered."

relief - alivio

cure - curar, remediar

proceed - continuar, proceder

causes - causas; causa, causar

I am ill - Estoy enfermo

"Oh, no, no! God will not take you from us. You will live a long, long time yet," cried the lady. "And in what way are you ill? You look so well, so gay and happy."

"I am extraordinarily better today. But I know that it's only for a moment. I understand my disease now thoroughly. If I seem so happy to you, you could never say anything that would please me so much. For men are made for happiness, and any one who is completely happy has a right to say to himself, ˜I am doing God's will on earth.'All the righteous, all the saints, all the holy martyrs were happy."

extraordinarily - extraordinariamente

"Oh, how you speak! What bold and lofty words!" cried the lady. "You seem to pierce with your words. And yet"happiness, happiness"where is it? Who can say of himself that he is happy? Oh, since you have been so good as to let us see you once more today, let me tell you what I could not utter last time, what I dared not say, all I am suffering and have been for so long! I am suffering! Forgive me! I am suffering!"

pierce - perforar; atravesar, traspasar

utter - totalmente; absoluto, total

dared - se atrevió; atraverse, osar

And in a rush of fervent feeling she clasped her hands before him.

rush - prisa; precipitarse, lanzarse, correr, ir rápidamente

fervent - fervoroso; ferviente

"From what specially?"

"I suffer ... from lack of faith."

"Lack of faith in God?"

"Oh, no, no! I dare not even think of that. But the future life"it is such an enigma! And no one, no one can solve it. Listen! You are a healer, you are deeply versed in the human soul, and of course I dare not expect you to believe me entirely, but I assure you on my word of honor that I am not speaking lightly now.

enigma - enigma

solve - resolver, solucionar, solventar

versed - ersado; estrofa

human soul - alma humana

assure - asegurar

lightly - a la ligera; ligeramente

The thought of the life beyond the grave distracts me to anguish, to terror. And I don't know to whom to appeal, and have not dared to all my life. And now I am so bold as to ask you. Oh, God! What will you think of me now?"

beyond the grave - más allá de la tumba

distracts - distraer, despistar

She clasped her hands.

"Don't distress yourself about my opinion of you," said the elder. "I quite believe in the sincerity of your suffering."

sincerity - sinceridad

"Oh, how thankful I am to you! You see, I shut my eyes and ask myself if every one has faith, where did it come from? And then they do say that it all comes from terror at the menacing phenomena of nature, and that none of it's real. And I say to myself, ˜What if I've been believing all my life, and when I come to die there's nothing but the burdocks growing on my grave?'as I read in some author. It's awful! How"how can I get back my faith? But I only believed when I was a little child, mechanically, without thinking of anything. How, how is one to prove it?

thankful - agradecido

menacing - amenazante; amenaza, peligro

phenomena - fenómenos

burdocks - bardanas; bardana, cachurrea, cadillo, lampazo

awful - asqueroso; horrible, terrible, atroz

mechanically - mecánicamente, maquinalmente

Prove - probar

I have Come now to lay my soul before you and to ask you about it. If I let this chance slip, no one all my life will answer me. How can I prove it? How can I convince myself? Oh, how unhappy I am! I stand and look about me and see that scarcely any one else cares; no one troubles his head about it, and I'm the only one who can't stand it. It's deadly"deadly!"

Come now - venir ahora

chance - oportunidad; suerte, by chance: por casualidad

slip - resbalón; resbalar

convince - convencer

troubles - problemas; marrón, berenjenal, dificultad, problema, molestia

deadly - mortal, letal, mortífero

"No doubt. But there's no proving it, though you can be convinced of it."

proving - probando; probar


"By the experience of active love. Strive to love your neighbor actively and indefatigably. In as far as you advance in love you will grow surer of the reality of God and of the immortality of your soul. If you attain to perfect selfforgetfulness in the love of your neighbor, then you will believe without doubt, and no doubt can possibly enter your soul. This has been tried. This is certain."

Experience - experiencia, vivencia, experimentar, vivir

strive - esforzarse

neighbor - vecino

actively - activamente, enérgicamente

indefatigably - infatigablemente

advance - avanzar, progresar, avance, progreso, adelanto, avance

reality - realidad

"In active love? There's another question"and such a question! You see, I so love humanity that"would you believe it?"I often dream of forsaking all that I have, leaving Lise, and becoming a sister of mercy. I close my eyes and think and dream, and at that moment I feel full of strength to overcome all obstacles.

active - activo

forsaking - Renunciar; (forsake); abandonar

mercy - misericordia, piedad

No wounds, no festering sores could at that moment frighten me. I would bind them up and wash them with my own hands. I would nurse the afflicted. I would be ready to kiss such wounds."

wounds - Herida

sores - llagas; doloroso

bind - bindar; atar, atar (tie), empastar (books), liar, acoplar

afflicted - fligido; afligir

"It is much, and well that your mind is full of such dreams and not others. Sometime, unawares, you may do a good deed in reality."

sometime - alguna vez; al rato, algún día, en algún momento

unawares - inconsciente, desprevenido, ignorante

good deed - una buena acción

"Yes. But could I endure such a life for long?" the lady went on fervently, almost frantically. "That's the chief question"that's my most agonizing question. I shut my eyes and ask myself, ˜Would you persevere long on that path? And if the patient whose wounds you are washing did not meet you with gratitude, but worried you with his whims, without valuing or remarking your charitable services, began abusing you and rudely commanding you, and complaining to the superior authorities of you (which often happens when people are in great suffering)"what then?

fervently - con fervor; fervientemente, fervorosamente

agonizing - agonizante; agonizar

persevere - perseverar

patient - paciente, paciente

worried - preocuparse, estar preocupado, inquietarse, comerse la cabeza

whims - aprichos; capricho

valuing - valoración; valor, importancia, valorar, cifrar, apreciar

remarking - recordando; observación, comentario

charitable - caritativo, benéfico

services - ervicios; servicio

rudely - groseramente

commanding - mandando; orden, mandato, mando, comando, dominio

Would you persevere in your love, or not?'And do you know, I came with horror to the conclusion that, if anything could dissipate my love to humanity, it would be ingratitude. In short, I am a hired servant, I expect my payment at once"that is, praise, and the repayment of love with love. Otherwise I am incapable of loving any one."

horror - horror

Praise - elogios; alabanza, loa, enaltecimiento, elogio, adoración

otherwise - o no; de otro

incapable - incapaz

She was in a very paroxysm of selfcastigation, and, concluding, she looked with defiant resolution at the elder.

paroxysm - paroxismo

concluding - concluyendo; concluir

defiant - desafiante, fresco, contestatario

resolution - resolución, panish: t-needed

"It's just the same story as a doctor once told me," observed the elder. "He was a man getting on in years, and undoubtedly clever. He spoke as frankly as you, though in jest, in bitter jest. ˜I love humanity,'he said, ˜but I wonder at myself. The more I love humanity in general, the less I love man in particular. In my dreams,'he said, ˜I have often come to making enthusiastic schemes for the service of humanity, and perhaps I might actually have faced crucifixion if it had been suddenly necessary; and yet I am incapable of living in the same room with any one for two days together, as I know by experience. As soon as any one is near me, his personality disturbs my selfcomplacency and restricts my freedom. In twentyfour hours I begin to hate the best of men: one because he's too long over his dinner; another because he has a cold and keeps on blowing his nose. I become hostile to people the moment they come close to me.

Undoubtedly - sin duda

frankly - francamente

jest - bromea; broma

schemes - squemas; régimen, proyecto, ardid, artimana, maquinación

actually - realmente

Crucifixion - crucifixión

necessary - es necesario; necesario, menester

by experience - por experiencia

disturbs - perturbar, molestar

restricts - restringe; restringir, limitar

keeps on - seguir

blowing - soplando; golpe

hostile - hostil

But it has always happened that the more I detest men individually the more ardent becomes my love for humanity.'"

detest - detestar

individually - individualmente

"But what's to be done? What can one do in such a case? Must one despair?"

despair - desesperar, desesperanzar, desesperación, desesperanza

"No. It is enough that you are distressed at it. Do what you can, and it will be reckoned unto you. Much is done already in you since you can so deeply and sincerely know yourself. If you have been talking to me so sincerely, simply to gain approbation for your frankness, as you did from me just now, then of course you will not attain to anything in the achievement of real love; it will all get no further than dreams, and your whole life will slip away like a phantom.

distressed - angustiado; aflicción, angustia, desasosiego, ansiedad

approbation - aprobación

frankness - franqueza

further - más allá; fomentar, asistir, exhortar, desarrollar

slip away - escabullirse; escurrirse

phantom - fantasma

In that case you will naturally cease to think of the future life too, and will of yourself grow calmer after a fashion in the end."

cease - cesar, parar, terminar

calmer - más tranquilo; calmado, sosiego, calma

fashion - moda, manera, modo

"You have crushed me! Only now, as you speak, I understand that I was really only seeking your approbation for my sincerity when I told you I could not endure ingratitude. You have revealed me to myself. You have seen through me and explained me to myself!"

crushed - aplastado; aplastamiento, enamoramiento, aplastar, destripar

revealed - revelado; revelar, propalar

seen through - ver a través; calar a, apoyar a

"Are you speaking the truth? Well, now, after such a confession, I believe that you are sincere and good at heart. If you do not attain happiness, always remember that you are on the right road, and try not to leave it. Above all, avoid falsehood, every kind of falsehood, especially falseness to yourself. Watch over your own deceitfulness and look into it every hour, every minute. Avoid being scornful, both to others and to yourself. What seems to you bad within you will grow purer from the very fact of your observing it in yourself. Avoid fear, too, though fear is only the consequence of every sort of falsehood. Never be frightened at your own faintheartedness in attaining love. Don't be frightened overmuch even at your evil actions. I am sorry I can say nothing more consoling to you, for love in action is a harsh and dreadful thing compared with love in dreams.

sincere - sincero

at heart - de corazón

falsehood - falsedad

falseness - falsedad, falsía, falacia, lo equivocado

deceitfulness - engano

scornful - despreciativo

purer - más puro; puro

observing - observando; observar, seguir, tomar en cuenta

consequence - consecuencia

be frightened - estar asustado

attaining - lograr, conseguir

consoling - consolador; consolar

harsh - áspero, duro, severo, despotricar

dreadful - terrible; espantoso, espantosa

Love in dreams is greedy for immediate action, rapidly performed and in the sight of all. Men will even give their lives if only the ordeal does not last long but is soon over, with all looking on and applauding as though on the stage. But active love is labor and fortitude, and for some people too, perhaps, a complete science. But I predict that just when you see with horror that in spite of all your efforts you are getting farther from your goal instead of nearer to it"at that very moment I predict that you will reach it and behold clearly the miraculous power of the Lord who has been all the time loving and mysteriously guiding you. Forgive me for not being able to stay longer with you. They are waiting for me. Goodby."

greedy - codicioso, avaricioso, ávido, avaro

ordeal - un calvario; calvario, suplicio, prueba del fuego, ordalía

applauding - aplaudiendo; aplaudir

fortitude - fortaleza

predict - predecir

reach - llegar (a)

Clearly - está claro; claramente, por lo claro

mysteriously - misteriosamente

guiding - Guiando; (guid) Guiando

The lady was weeping.

"Lise, Lise! Bless her"bless her!" she cried, starting up suddenly.

"She does not deserve to be loved. I have seen her naughtiness all along," the elder said jestingly. "Why have you been laughing at Alexey?"

deserve - merecer, meritar

naughtiness - la picardía

jestingly - Bromeando

Lise had in fact been occupied in mocking at him all the time. She had noticed before that Alyosha was shy and tried not to look at her, and she found this extremely amusing. She waited intently to catch his eye. Alyosha, unable to endure her persistent stare, was irresistibly and suddenly drawn to glance at her, and at once she smiled triumphantly in his face. Alyosha was even more disconcerted and vexed. At last he turned away from her altogether and hid behind the elder's back.

occupied - ocupado; ocupar

mocking - burlándose; burlón; (moc) burlándose; burlón

Shy - tímido, reservado, vergonzoso, lanzar

intently - con atención; atentamente

disconcerted - desconcertado; desconcertar

vexed - molesto; molestar, irritar, disgustar, afligir, atormentar

hid - Se escondió; (hide) Se escondió

After a few minutes, drawn by the same irresistible force, he turned again to see whether he was being looked at or not, and found Lise almost hanging out of her chair to peep sideways at him, eagerly waiting for him to look. Catching his eye, she laughed so that the elder could not help saying, "Why do you make fun of him like that, naughty girl?"

irresistible - irresistible

force - fuerza

catching - Atrapando; (catch); pega, traba, truco, cuestión

make fun - divertirse

naughty - pícaro; cachondo, travieso, maleducado, obsceno, picante

Lise suddenly and quite unexpectedly blushed. Her eyes flashed and her face became quite serious. She began speaking quickly and nervously in a warm and resentful voice:

unexpectedly - inesperadamente, inopinadamente

blushed - se sonrojó; sonrojo, rubor

nervously - nerviosamente

resentful - resentido

"Why has he forgotten everything, then? He used to carry me about when I was little. We used to play together. He used to come to teach me to read, do you know. Two years ago, when he went away, he said that he would never forget me, that we were friends for ever, for ever, for ever! And now he's afraid of me all at once. Am I going to eat him? Why doesn't he want to come near me? Why doesn't he talk?

went away - se fue

come near - acercarse

Why won't he come and see us? It's not that you won't let him. We know that he goes everywhere. It's not good manners for me to invite him. He ought to have thought of it first, if he hasn't forgotten me. No, now he's saving his soul! Why have you put that long gown on him? If he runs he'll fall."

manners - odales; manera, modo, forma, actitud

gown - bata; manto, capa, túnica, vestido, toga, talar

And suddenly she hid her face in her hand and went off into irresistible, prolonged, nervous, inaudible laughter. The elder listened to her with a smile, and blessed her tenderly. As she kissed his hand she suddenly pressed it to her eyes and began crying.

prolonged - prolongado; prolongar

inaudible - inaudible

tenderly - con ternura; tiernamente

pressed - presionado; apretar, presionar

"Don't be angry with me. I'm silly and good for nothing ... and perhaps Alyosha's right, quite right, in not wanting to come and see such a ridiculous girl."

silly - bobo, tonto, ninito, infantil, apayasado, semiaturdido, tontito

good for nothing - No servir para nada; un vago

"I will certainly send him," said the elder.

Chapter V. So Be It! So Be It!

The elder's absence from his cell had lasted for about twentyfive minutes. It was more than halfpast twelve, but Dmitri, on whose account they had all met there, had still not appeared. But he seemed almost to be forgotten, and when the elder entered the cell again, he found his guests engaged in eager conversation. Ivan and the two monks took the leading share in it.

share in - participar en, beneficiarse de algo; parte en

MiĂĽsov, too, was trying to take a part, and apparently very eagerly, in the conversation. But he was unsuccessful in this also. He was evidently in the background, and his remarks were treated with neglect, which increased his irritability. He had had intellectual encounters with Ivan before and he could not endure a certain carelessness Ivan showed him.

background - Fondo

remarks - observaciones; observación, comentario

treated - tratado; tratar, negociar, rogar, invitar, convidar, sorpresa

neglect - descuido; descuidar, negligir, desoír, hacer caso omiso

increased - aumentado; aumentar, acrecentar, incrementar, subir

irritability - irritabilidad

encounters - encuentros; encontrar

carelessness - descuido, imprudencia, negligencia, dejadez

"Hitherto at least I have stood in the front ranks of all that is progressive in Europe, and here the new generation positively ignores us," he thought.

generation - generación, generación, linaje

ignores - ignorar, desoír

Fyodor Pavlovitch, who had given his word to sit still and be quiet, had actually been quiet for some time, but he watched his neighbor MiĂĽsov with an ironical little smile, obviously enjoying his discomfiture. He had been waiting for some time to pay off old scores, and now he could not let the opportunity slip. Bending over his shoulder he began teasing him again in a whisper.

actually - de verdad; en realidad, de hecho, realmente, de veras

Obviously - obviamente

discomfiture - Incomodidad

scores - puntuaciones; tantos

teasing - Bromas; (teas) Bromas

"Why didn't you go away just now, after the ˜courteously kissing'? Why did you consent to remain in such unseemly company? It was because you felt insulted and aggrieved, and you remained to vindicate yourself by showing off your intelligence. Now you won't go till you've displayed your intellect to them."

remain - resto, restos, quedarse, sobrar, restar, permanecer, continuar

unseemly - ndecoroso; inapropiado, extemporal, extemporáneo, impropio

vindicate - reivindicar; vindicar, defender, justificar, reclamar

showing off - presumir; resaltar

intelligence - inteligencia

displayed - aparece; espectáculo, exposición, monitor, expositor

intellect - intelecto

"You again?... On the contrary, I'm just going."

"You'll be the last, the last of all to go!" Fyodor Pavlovitch delivered him another thrust, almost at the moment of Father Zossima's return.

last of all - el último de todos; por último

delivered - entregado; liberar, parir, dar a luz, entregar

thrust - estocada, empuje, envión, impulso, énfasis, propulsar, asestar

The discussion died down for a moment, but the elder, seating himself in his former place, looked at them all as though cordially inviting them to go on. Alyosha, who knew every expression of his face, saw that he was fearfully exhausted and making a great effort. Of late he had been liable to fainting fits from exhaustion. His face had the pallor that was common before such attacks, and his lips were white. But he evidently did not want to break up the party.

discussion - discusión

cordially - cordialmente

inviting - invitando; invitar

fearfully - con miedo

liable - responsable

Fainting - desmayos; desmayo; (faint) desmayos; desmayo

exhaustion - agotamiento, cansancio

pallor - palidez

He seemed to have some special object of his own in keeping them. What object? Alyosha watched him intently.

"We are discussing this gentleman's most interesting article," said Father Iosif, the librarian, addressing the elder, and indicating Ivan. "He brings forward much that is new, but I think the argument cuts both ways. It is an article written in answer to a book by an ecclesiastical authority on the question of the ecclesiastical court, and the scope of its jurisdiction."

most interesting - lo más interesante

indicating - indicando; indicar, senalizar, panish: t-needed

forward - hacia adelante; hacia delante

argument - argumento

Court - patio, callejón, corte, tribunal, juzgado

scope - alcance; oportunidad

jurisdiction - jurisdicción

"I'm sorry I have not read your article, but I've heard of it," said the elder, looking keenly and intently at Ivan.

keenly - con entusiasmo

"He takes up a most interesting position," continued the Father Librarian. "As far as Church jurisdiction is concerned he is apparently quite opposed to the separation of Church from state."

takes up - ocupar (un cargo)

continued - continuamos; continuar, seguir

opposed - oponerse; oponer

separation - separación

state - el estado

"That's interesting. But in What sense?" Father Zossima asked Ivan.

What sense - ?Qué sentido?

The latter, at last, answered him, not condescendingly, as Alyosha had feared, but with modesty and reserve, with evident goodwill and apparently without the slightest arrièrepensĂ©e.

condescendingly - condescendientemente

feared - Miedo

reserve - reserva, reservar

goodwill - buena voluntad

"I start from the position that this confusion of elements, that is, of the essential principles of Church and State, will, of course, go on for ever, in spite of the fact that it is impossible for them to mingle, and that the confusion of these elements cannot lead to any consistent or even normal results, for there is falsity at the very foundation of it. Compromise between the Church and State in such questions as, for instance, jurisdiction, is, to my thinking, impossible in any real sense. My clerical opponent maintains that the Church holds a precise and defined position in the State. I maintain, on the contrary, that the Church ought to include the whole State, and not simply to occupy a corner in it, and, if this is, for some reason, impossible at present, then it ought, in reality, to be set up as the direct and chief aim of the future development of Christian society!

elements - elementos; elemento

essential - esencial

principles - principios; principio

state - Estado, declarar, indicar

mingle - mezclarse; mezclar

consistent - consistente, constante, coherente

normal - normal, bien, sano, normal

foundation - fundación, cimiento, base

clerical - clerical

opponent - oponente, antagonista, contrincante, adversario, opositor

maintains - mantiene; mantener, sostener

holds - tiene; tener en las manos, agarrar, asir

precise - preciso, concreto, precisar, especificar, concretar

defined - efinido; determinar, definir, definirse, aclarar, describir

aim - apuntar

development - desarrollo, desenvolvimiento

"Perfectly true," Father PaĂŻssy, the silent and learned monk, assented with fervor and decision.

assented - aceptó; asentir, consentir, asentimiento

fervor - fervor, ardor, acaloramiento, apasionamiento

"The purest Ultramontanism!" cried MiĂĽsov impatiently, crossing and recrossing his legs.

purest - el más puro; puro

impatiently - impacientemente

recrossing - Recruzar

"A most unworthy play upon words for an ecclesiastic!" Father PaĂŻssy could not refrain from breaking in again. "I have read the book which you have answered," he added, addressing Ivan, "and was astounded at the words ˜the Church is a kingdom not of this world.'If it is not of this world, then it cannot exist on earth at all. In the Gospel, the words ˜not of this world'are not used in that sense. To play with such words is indefensible. Our Lord Jesus Christ came to set up the Church upon earth.

most unworthy - Más indigno

refrain from - abstenerse de

breaking in - forzar la puerta; interrumpir

gospel - evangelio

indefensible - indefendible

The Kingdom of Heaven, of course, is not of this world, but in Heaven; but it is only entered through the Church which has been founded and established upon earth. And so a frivolous play upon words in such a connection is unpardonable and improper. The Church is, in truth, a kingdom and ordained to rule, and in the end must undoubtedly become the kingdom ruling over all the earth. For that we have the divine promise."

founded - Encontrado

ordained - ordenado; ordenar

divine - divino

He ceased speaking suddenly, as though checking himself. After listening attentively and respectfully Ivan went on, addressing the elder with perfect composure and as before with ready cordiality:

listening attentively - escuchar con atención

respectfully - con respeto; respetuosamente

composure - compostura, entereza

cordiality - Cordialidad

"The whole point of my article lies in the fact that during the first three centuries Christianity only existed on earth in the Church and was nothing but the Church. When the pagan Roman Empire desired to become Christian, it inevitably happened that, by becoming Christian, it included the Church but remained a pagan State in very many of its departments. In reality this was bound to happen. But Rome as a State retained too much of the pagan civilization and culture, as, for example, in the very objects and fundamental principles of the State. The Christian Church entering into the State could, of course, surrender no part of its fundamental principles"the rock on which it stands"and could pursue no other aims than those which have been ordained and revealed by God Himself, and among them that of drawing the whole world, and therefore the ancient pagan State itself, into the Church. In that way (that is, with a view to the future) it is not the Church that should seek a definite position in the State, like ˜every social organization,'or as ˜an organization of men for religious purposes'(as my opponent calls the Church), but, on the contrary, every earthly State should be, in the end, completely transformed into the Church and should become nothing else but a Church, rejecting every purpose incongruous with the aims of the Church.

pagan - pagano, pagano, pagana

Empire - imperio

inevitably - inevitablemente, indefectiblemente

departments - departamentos; sección, departamento

civilization - civilización

fundamental - fundamental

surrender - entregar, rendir, abandonar, rendirse, capitular

Rock - roca

pursue - perseguir, apuntar a

aims - objetivos; apuntar

view - vista, reproducción, visualización, visitas, visión, mirada, ver

seek - buscar

definite - definitiva; definido, indudable

social - social

organization - organización

earthly - terrenal

transformed - transformado; trasformar, transformar

rejecting - rechazar, desestimar, artículo defectuoso, marginado, marginada

incongruous - incongruente

All this will not degrade it in any way or take from its honor and glory as a great State, nor from the glory of its rulers, but only turns it from a false, still pagan, and mistaken path to the true and rightful path, which alone leads to the eternal goal. This is why the author of the book On the Foundations of Church Jurisdiction would have judged correctly if, in seeking and laying down those foundations, he had looked upon them as a temporary compromise inevitable in our sinful and imperfect days. But as soon as the author ventures to declare that the foundations which he predicates now, part of which Father Iosif just enumerated, are the permanent, essential, and eternal foundations, he is going directly against the Church and its sacred and eternal vocation. That is the gist of my article."

degrade - degradarse; degradar, erosionar

take from - tomar de

rulers - gobernantes; regla, gobernante

rightful - derecho; legítimo

leads - llevar, conducir

foundations - fundaciones; fundación, cimiento, base

judged - juzgado; juzgar

correctly - correctamente

laying down - ponerse, acostarse, tumbarse

temporary - temporal, provisional

imperfect - imperfecto, imperfecto

ventures - aventuras; aventura, arriesgar

predicates - predicados; predicado

enumerated - enumerado; enumerar

vocation - vocación, profesión

gist - ist; esencia

"That is, in brief," Father PaĂŻssy began again, laying stress on each word, "according to certain theories only too clearly formulated in the nineteenth century, the Church ought to be transformed into the State, as though this would be an advance from a lower to a higher form, so as to disappear into it, making way for science, for the spirit of the age, and civilization. And if the Church resists and is unwilling, some corner will be set apart for her in the State, and even that under control"and this will be so everywhere in all modern European countries.

stress - tensión, estrés, énfasis, tensionar, tensar, estresar, acentuar

theories - teorías; teoría

formulated - formulada; formular

nineteenth - decimonoveno, diecinueveavo

disappear - desaparecer

resists - se resiste; resistir, panish: t-needed

But Russian hopes and conceptions demand not that the Church should pass as from a lower into a higher type into the State, but, on the contrary, that the State should end by being worthy to become only the Church and nothing else. So be it! So be it!"

conceptions - concepciones; concepción

demand - demanda, exigencia, exigir, demandar

as from - como de

"Well, I confess you've reassured me somewhat," MiĂĽsov said smiling, again crossing his legs. "So far as I understand, then, the realization of such an ideal is infinitely remote, at the second coming of Christ. That's as you please. It's a beautiful Utopian dream of the abolition of war, diplomacy, banks, and so on"something after the fashion of socialism, indeed.

reassured - tranquilizado; tranquilizar, reasegurar

realization - comprensión (1), realización (2)

infinitely - infinitamente

Utopian - utópico

abolition - abolición

diplomacy - diplomacia, diplomacia

But I imagined that it was all meant seriously, and that the Church might be now going to try criminals, and sentence them to beating, prison, and even death."

criminals - delincuentes; criminal

beating - golpeando; paliza, latido; (beat) golpeando; paliza, latido

prison - cárcel, prisión, penitenciaría, chirona

"But if there were none but the ecclesiastical court, the Church would not even now sentence a criminal to prison or to death. Crime and the way of regarding it would inevitably change, not all at once of course, but fairly soon," Ivan replied calmly, without flinching.

criminal - criminal

crime - delito, crimen, delincuencia, criminalidad

calmly - con calma; tranquilamente

flinching - acojonarse; encogerse, estremecerse

"Are you serious?" MiĂĽsov glanced keenly at him.

glanced - mirada; ojear, echar un vistazo, mirar, pispear, vistazo

"If everything became the Church, the Church would exclude all the criminal and disobedient, and would not cut off their heads," Ivan went on. "I ask you, what would become of the excluded? He would be cut off then not only from men, as now, but from Christ. By his crime he would have transgressed not only against men but against the Church of Christ. This is so even now, of course, strictly speaking, but it is not clearly enunciated, and very, very often the criminal of today compromises with his conscience: ˜I steal,'he says, ˜but I don't go against the Church. I'm not an enemy of Christ.'That's what the criminal of today is continually saying to himself, but when the Church takes the place of the State it will be difficult for him, in opposition to the Church all over the world, to say: ˜All men are mistaken, all in error, all mankind are the false Church.

disobedient - desobediente

excluded - excluidos; excluir

transgressed - ransgredido; transgredir

strictly speaking - estrictamente hablando

compromises - ompromisos; acuerdo, arreglo

steal - robar, hurtar, robo

enemy - enemigo, enemiga

continually - continuadamente, continuamente

opposition - oposición

are mistaken - estar equivocado

mankind - la humanidad; humanidad, género humano, raza humana

I, a thief and murderer, am the only true Christian Church.'It will be very difficult to say this to himself; it requires a rare combination of unusual circumstances. Now, on the other side, take the Church's own view of crime: is it not bound to renounce the present almost pagan attitude, and to change from a mechanical cutting off of its tainted member for the preservation of society, as at present, into completely and honestly adopting the idea of the regeneration of the man, of his reformation and salvation?"

thief - ladrón, caco

murderer - asesino, asesina, victimario, victimaria

requires - requerir, necesitar

combination - combinación

renounce - Renunciar

attitude - postura, actitud

mechanical - mecánico

cutting off - cortar

tainted - manchada; echar a perder; contaminar

preservation - preservación

honestly - honestamente, francamente

adopting - adoptando; adoptar, ahijar

reformation - Reforma protestante

Salvation - salvación

"What do you mean? I fail to understand again," MiĂĽsov interrupted. "Some sort of dream again. Something shapeless and even incomprehensible. What is excommunication? What sort of exclusion? I suspect you are simply amusing yourself, Ivan Fyodorovitch."

interrupted - interrumpido; interrumpir, interrupción

incomprehensible - incomprensible

excommunication - excomunión, descomunión

exclusion - exclusión

suspect - barruntar, sospechar, sospechoso

"Yes, but you know, in reality it is so now," said the elder suddenly, and all turned to him at once. "If it were not for the Church of Christ there would be nothing to restrain the criminal from evildoing, no real chastisement for it afterwards; none, that is, but the mechanical punishment spoken of just now, which in the majority of cases only embitters the heart; and not the real punishment, the only effectual one, the only deterrent and softening one, which lies in the recognition of sin by conscience.

punishment - castigo, penitencia, checkpenitencia

embitters - amargar

effectual - eficaz

deterrent - disuasión; disuasivo, disuasorio, disuasivo

softening - ablandamiento; (soften); ablandar, suavizar

"How is that, may one inquire?" asked MiĂĽsov, with lively curiosity.

"Why," began the elder, "all these sentences to exile with hard labor, and formerly with flogging also, reform no one, and what's more, deter hardly a single criminal, and the number of crimes does not diminish but is continually on the increase. You must admit that. Consequently the security of society is not preserved, for, although the obnoxious member is mechanically cut off and sent far away out of sight, another criminal always comes to take his place at once, and often two of them. If anything does preserve society, even in our time, and does regenerate and transform the criminal, it is only the law of Christ speaking in his conscience. It is only by recognizing his wrongdoing as a son of a Christian society"that is, of the Church"that he recognizes his sin against society"that is, against the Church. So that it is only against the Church, and not against the State, that the criminal of today can recognize that he has sinned. If society, as a Church, had jurisdiction, then it would know when to bring back from exclusion and to reunite to itself. Now the Church having no real jurisdiction, but only the power of moral condemnation, withdraws of her own accord from punishing the criminal actively. She does not excommunicate him but simply persists in motherly exhortation of him. What is more, the Church even tries to preserve all Christian communion with the criminal. She admits him to church services, to the holy sacrament, gives him alms, and treats him more as a captive than as a convict. And what would become of the criminal, O Lord, if even the Christian society"that is, the Church"were to reject him even as the civil law rejects him and cuts him off? What would become of him if the Church punished him with her excommunication as the direct consequence of the secular law? There could be no more terrible despair, at least for a Russian criminal, for Russian criminals still have faith. Though, who knows, perhaps then a fearful thing would happen, perhaps the despairing heart of the criminal would lose its faith and then what would become of him? But the Church, like a tender, loving mother, holds aloof from active punishment herself, as the sinner is too severely punished already by the civil law, and there must be at least some one to have pity on him. The Church holds aloof, above all, because its judgment is the only one that contains the truth, and therefore cannot practically and morally be united to any other judgment even as a temporary compromise. She can enter into no compact about that. The foreign criminal, they say, rarely repents, for the very doctrines of today confirm him in the idea that his crime is not a crime, but only a reaction against an unjustly oppressive force. Society cuts him off completely by a force that triumphs over him mechanically and (so at least they say of themselves in Europe) accompanies this exclusion with hatred, forgetfulness, and the most profound indifference as to the ultimate fate of the erring brother.

exile - exilio, destierro, exiliado, desterrado, exiliar, desterrar

Formerly - anteriormente, otrora, antes, antano

flogging - azotes; azotamiento; (flog) azotes; azotamiento

Reform - reforma, reformar

deter - detener; evitar, prevenir, disuadir, desalentar

single - solo, único, soltero, sencillo, soltero, soltera

crimes - delitos; delito, crimen, delincuencia, criminalidad

diminish - disminuir, diminuir, disminuirse, diminuirse

increase - aumentar, acrecentar, incrementar, subir

consequently - por consiguiente; consecuentemente

preserved - conservado; mermelada, reserva, reserva natural, coto, terreno

obnoxious - asqueroso; desagradable, detestable, odioso

transform - trasformar, transformar

law - ley

recognizing - reconociendo; reconocer

recognizes - reconocer

reunite - reunir, reunirse

accord - acuerdo, convenio, acordar, conceder, conferir

punishing - castigar, punir, maltratar

excommunicate - excomulgar

persists - ersiste; persistir

alms - limosna, caridad

treats - golosinas; tratar, negociar, rogar, invitar, convidar, sorpresa

captive - cautivo, prisionero, preso

convict - convicto; condenar

rejects - rechazar, desestimar, artículo defectuoso, marginado, marginada

secular - seglar, laico, mundano, secular

more terrible - más terrible

fearful - miedoso, temeroso, terrible, checkespantoso, checktremendo

despairing - desesperado; desesperar, desesperanzar, desesperación

aloof - apartado, distante, sin compasión, alejado, reservado

contains - contiene; contener, dominar

morally - moralmente

United - unidos; unidad

repents - se arrepiente; arrepentirse

doctrines - octrinas; doctrina

reaction - reacción

unjustly - injustamente

triumphs - riunfos; triunfo

accompanies - acompana; acompanar

hatred - odio

forgetfulness - desmemoria, mala memoria, poca memoria, memoria de pollo, olvido

most profound - el más profundo

ultimate - el último; último, final, máximo, extremo, mayor

fate - destino, azar

erring - errando; (err) errando

In this way, it all takes place without the compassionate intervention of the Church, for in many cases there are no churches there at all, for though ecclesiastics and splendid church buildings remain, the churches themselves have long ago striven to pass from Church into State and to disappear in it completely. So it seems at least in Lutheran countries. As for Rome, it was proclaimed a State instead of a Church a thousand years ago. And so the criminal is no longer conscious of being a member of the Church and sinks into despair. If he returns to society, often it is with such hatred that society itself instinctively cuts him off. You can judge for yourself how it must end. In many cases it would seem to be the same with us, but the difference is that besides the established law courts we have the Church too, which always keeps up relations with the criminal as a dear and still precious son. And besides that, there is still preserved, though only in thought, the judgment of the Church, which though no longer existing in practice is still living as a dream for the future, and is, no doubt, instinctively recognized by the criminal in his soul. What was said here just now is true too, that is, that if the jurisdiction of the Church were introduced in practice in its full force, that is, if the whole of the society were changed into the Church, not only the judgment of the Church would have influence on the reformation of the criminal such as it never has now, but possibly also the crimes themselves would be incredibly diminished. And there can be no doubt that the Church would look upon the criminal and the crime of the future in many cases quite differently and would succeed in restoring the excluded, in restraining those who plan evil, and in regenerating the fallen. It is true," said Father Zossima, with a smile, "the Christian society now is not ready and is only resting on some seven righteous men, but as they are never lacking, it will continue still unshaken in expectation of its complete transformation from a society almost heathen in character into a single universal and allpowerful Church. So be it, so be it! Even though at the end of the ages, for it is ordained to come to pass! And there is no need to be troubled about times and seasons, for the secret of the times and seasons is in the wisdom of God, in His foresight, and His love. And what in human reckoning seems still afar off, may by the Divine ordinance be close at hand, on the eve of its appearance. And so be it, so be it!"

compassionate - compasivo

churches - iglesias; iglesia, servicio religioso, culto, misa

striven - esforzado; esforzarse

proclaimed - proclamado; proclamar

law courts - tribunales de justicia

keeps up - se mantiene

precious - preciosos; precioso

existing - xistentes; existir

recognized - reconocido; reconocer

incredibly - increíblemente

diminished - isminuido; disminuir, diminuir, disminuirse, diminuirse

differently - de otro modo; diferentemente

Succeed - suceder, conseguir, tener éxito, heredar

restoring - restaurando; restablecer, restaurar

restraining - retención; refrenar(se), contenerse

eve - víspera, vigilia

lacking - falta; carecer de

continue - continuar, seguir

unshaken - Sin temblar

transformation - transformación

heathen - pagano, bárbaro, pagano, pagana

universal - universal

seasons - temporadas; estación

foresight - previsión, profecía, adivinación, clarividencia

human - humano

reckoning - recuperación; cálculo

ordinance - ordenanza

"So be it, so be it!" Father PaĂŻssy repeated austerely and reverently.

austerely - con austeridad; austeramente

reverently - con reverencia

"Strange, extremely strange!" MiĂĽsov pronounced, not so much with heat as with latent indignation.

heat - calor; temperatura

latent - latente

"What strikes you as so strange?" Father Iosif inquired cautiously.

strikes - huelgas; tachar, borrar, golpear, pegar, acunar

inquired - preguntó; investigar, informarse

cautiously - con cautela; precavidamente

"Why, it's beyond anything!" cried MiĂĽsov, suddenly breaking out; "the State is eliminated and the Church is raised to the position of the State. It's not simply Ultramontanism, it's archUltramontanism! It's beyond the dreams of Pope Gregory the Seventh!"

breaking out - estallar; escapar; librar(se)

eliminated - eliminado; eliminar, matar

pope - Papa

Gregory - Gregorio

seventh - séptimo

"You are completely misunderstanding it," said Father PaĂŻssy sternly. "Understand, the Church is not to be transformed into the State. That is Rome and its dream. That is the third temptation of the devil. On the contrary, the State is transformed into the Church, will ascend and become a Church over the whole world"which is the complete opposite of Ultramontanism and Rome, and your interpretation, and is only the glorious destiny ordained for the Orthodox Church.

misunderstanding - malentendido, qui pro quo; (misunderstand); malentender

sternly - con severidad

ascend - subir, ascender

interpretation - interpretación, apreciación

destiny - destino, sino

This star will arise in the east!"

arise - surgir, levantarse, provenir, aparecer

MiĂĽsov was significantly silent. His whole figure expressed extraordinary personal dignity. A supercilious and condescending smile played on his lips. Alyosha watched it all with a throbbing heart. The whole conversation stirred him profoundly. He glanced casually at Rakitin, who was standing immovable in his place by the door listening and watching intently though with downcast eyes.

condescending - condescendiente; condescender

throbbing - palpitaciones; (throb); palpitar

profoundly - profundamente

casually - Casualmente

immovable - inmovible, inamovible

But from the color in his cheeks Alyosha guessed that Rakitin was probably no less excited, and he knew what caused his excitement.

excitement - emoción; entusiasmo

"Allow me to tell you one little anecdote, gentlemen," MiĂĽsov said impressively, with a peculiarly majestic air. "Some years ago, soon after the coup d'Ă©tat of December, I happened to be calling in Paris on an extremely influential personage in the government, and I met a very interesting man in his house. This individual was not precisely a detective but was a sort of superintendent of a whole regiment of political detectives"a rather powerful position in its own way. I was prompted by curiosity to seize the opportunity of conversation with him. And as he had not come as a visitor but as a subordinate official bringing a special report, and as he saw the reception given me by his chief, he deigned to speak with some openness, to a certain extent only, of course. He was rather courteous than open, as Frenchmen know how to be courteous, especially to a foreigner.

majestic - majestuoso

government - Gobierno

individual - individuo, individual

Superintendent - superintendente, director, supervisor

regiment - regimiento

political - político

Detectives - detectives; detective, inspector, investigador privado

powerful - poderoso

prompted - impulsado; rápido, pronto, puntual, pie, entrada, senal

seize - incautar; agarrar, apoderarse de, apresar, aferrar, tomar

bringing a - traer

reception - recepción, cobertura, recibimiento

deigned - disenado; dignarse

openness - apertura; abierto

Frenchmen - franceses; francés

foreigner - extranjero, extranjera, forastero, fuereno; (foreign); extrano

But I thoroughly understood him. The subject was the socialist revolutionaries who were at that time persecuted. I will quote only one most curious remark dropped by this person. ˜We are not particularly afraid,'said he, ˜of all these socialists, anarchists, infidels, and revolutionists; we keep watch on them and know all their goings on. But there are a few peculiar men among them who believe in God and are Christians, but at the same time are socialists. These are the people we are most afraid of. They are dreadful people! The socialist who is a Christian is more to be dreaded than a socialist who is an atheist.'The words struck me at the time, and now they have suddenly come back to me here, gentlemen."

revolutionaries - revolucionarios; revolucionario, revolucionario, revolucionaria

quote - cita, comillas, presupuesto, cotización, citar, cotizar

most curious - más curioso

dropped - se cayó; gota

Socialists - socialistas; socialista, socialista

anarchists - anarquistas; anarquista, ácrata

infidels - infieles; infiel, descreído, impío

revolutionists - revolucionaria

Christians - cristianos; cristiano, cristiana, Cristián

"You apply them to us, and look upon us as socialists?" Father PaĂŻssy asked directly, without beating about the bush.

apply - aplicar

bush - arbusto

But before Pyotr Alexandrovitch could think what to answer, the door opened, and the guest so long expected, Dmitri Fyodorovitch, came in. They had, in fact, given up expecting him, and his sudden appearance caused some surprise for a moment.

Chapter VI. Why Is Such A Man alive?

Man alive - Hombre vivo

Dmitri Fyodorovitch, a young man of eight and twenty, of medium height and agreeable countenance, looked older than his years. He was muscular, and showed signs of considerable physical strength. Yet there was something not healthy in his face. It was rather thin, his cheeks were hollow, and there was an unhealthy sallowness in their color. His rather large, prominent, dark eyes had an expression of firm determination, and yet there was a vague look in them, too. Even when he was excited and talking irritably, his eyes somehow did not follow his mood, but betrayed something else, sometimes quite incongruous with what was passing. "It's hard to tell what he's thinking," those who talked to him sometimes declared.

muscular - muscular, musculoso

signs - senales; senal

considerable - considerable

hollow - hueco

sallowness - salud

prominent - destacado; prominente, sobresaliente

firm - firma; firme, sólido

determination - determinación, decisión, resolución, ahínco

irritably - irritablemente

mood - estado de ánimo; humor

betrayed - traicionado; traicionar, entregar, vender, delatar, demostrar

People who saw something pensive and sullen in his eyes were startled by his sudden laugh, which bore witness to mirthful and light hearted thoughts at the very time when his eyes were so gloomy. A certain strained look in his face was easy to understand at this moment. Every one knew, or had heard of, the extremely restless and dissipated life which he had been leading of late, as well as of the violent anger to which he had been roused in his quarrels with his father. There were several stories current in the town about it. It is true that he was irascible by nature, "of an unstable and unbalanced mind," as our justice of the peace, Katchalnikov, happily described him.

pensive - pensativo, meditabundo, amohinado, melancólico

sullen - hosco, hurano, sombrío, lento

startled - sorprendido; sobresaltarse, alarmarse, espantarse, evitar

witness - Testigo

mirthful - alegre

hearted - de corazón; corazón

restless - inquieto

roused - despertado; despertar

quarrels - peleas; pelea, rina

current - corriente, actual

irascible - irascible, colérico, manoso

by nature - por naturaleza

unstable - inestable, instable

unbalanced - desequilibrado; desequilibrar

Happily - afortunadamente, felizmente, alegremente, dichosamente

He was stylishly and irreproachably dressed in a carefully buttoned frock coat. He wore black gloves and carried a tophat. Having only lately left the army, he still had mustaches and no beard. His dark brown hair was cropped short, and combed forward on his temples. He had the long, determined stride of a military man.

stylishly - con estilo

irreproachably - Irreprochablemente

carefully - con cuidado; cuidadosamente, a conciencia, minuciosamente

buttoned - botonada; botón

gloves - guantes; guante, gorro

mustaches - Bigote

beard - barba, jotera, pantalla, barbar, provocar, mortificar

cropped - recortada; cultivo; cosecha

combed - peinado; peine

stride - andar a zancadas

He stood still for a moment on the threshold, and glancing at the whole party went straight up to the elder, guessing him to be their host. He made him a low bow, and asked his blessing. Father Zossima, rising in his chair, blessed him. Dmitri kissed his hand respectfully, and with intense feeling, almost anger, he said:

threshold - umbral, entrada, límite

glancing - echando un vistazo; (glance); ojear, echar un vistazo, mirar

Host - anfitrión; anfitriona

rising - subiendo; rebelión, levantamiento, alzamiento, ascensión

intense - intenso

"Be so generous as to forgive me for having kept you waiting so long, but Smerdyakov, the valet sent me by my father, in reply to my inquiries, told me twice over that the appointment was for one. Now I suddenly learn""

valet - vale; edecán, mánager, aparcacoches

appointment - nombramiento, cita, compromiso

"Don't disturb yourself," interposed the elder. "No matter. You are a little late. It's of no consequence...."

interposed - interpuesto; interponer, intercalar, mediar, interrumpir

"I'm extremely obliged to you, and expected no less from your goodness."

obliged - obligado; obligar

goodness - bondad

Saying this, Dmitri bowed once more. Then, turning suddenly towards his father, made him, too, a similarly low and respectful bow. He had evidently considered it beforehand, and made this bow in all seriousness, thinking it his duty to show his respect and good intentions.

respectful - respetuoso

considered - onsiderado; considerar, barajar, sopesar, observar

beforehand - de antemano, anticipadamente, adelantadamente, antes

seriousness - seriedad, gravedad

Although Fyodor Pavlovitch was taken unawares, he was equal to the occasion. In response to Dmitri's bow he jumped up from his chair and made his son a bow as low in return. His face was suddenly solemn and impressive, which gave him a positively malignant look.

Equal - igual, igualar, equivaler

response - respuesta

jumped up - Saltar arriba

impressive - impresionante, impresionable, halagüeno

malignant - maligno

Dmitri bowed generally to all present, and without a word walked to the window with his long, resolute stride, sat down on the only empty chair, near Father PaĂŻssy, and, bending forward, prepared to listen to the conversation he had interrupted.

generally - en general; generalmente, por lo general

resolute - decidido; resoluto

empty - vacío, vaciar

Dmitri's entrance had taken no more than two minutes, and the conversation was resumed. But this time MiĂĽsov thought it unnecessary to reply to Father PaĂŻssy's persistent and almost irritable question.

resumed - se reanuda; reanudar

unnecessary - innecesario

irritable - irritable

"Allow me to withdraw from this discussion," he observed with a certain wellbred nonchalance. "It's a subtle question, too. Here Ivan Fyodorovitch is smiling at us. He must have something interesting to say about that also. Ask him."

withdraw - retirarse; retirar(se)

"Nothing special, except one little remark," Ivan replied at once. "European Liberals in general, and even our liberal dilettanti, often mix up the final results of socialism with those of Christianity. This wild notion is, of course, a characteristic feature.

Liberals - liberales; liberal, liberal, libertario, libertaria

mix up - mezclar

final results - resultados finales

notion - noción, ganas, intención

characteristic feature - característica

But it's not only Liberals and dilettanti who mix up socialism and Christianity, but, in many cases, it appears, the police"the foreign police, of course"do the same. Your Paris anecdote is rather to the point, Pyotr Alexandrovitch."

Mix - mezclar

Appears - aparecer, comparecer

"I ask your permission to drop this subject altogether," MiĂĽsov repeated. "I will tell you instead, gentlemen, another interesting and rather characteristic anecdote of Ivan Fyodorovitch himself. Only five days ago, in a gathering here, principally of ladies, he solemnly declared in argument that there was nothing in the whole world to make men love their neighbors. That there was no law of nature that man should love mankind, and that, if there had been any love on earth hitherto, it was not owing to a natural law, but simply because men have believed in immortality. Ivan Fyodorovitch added in parenthesis that the whole natural law lies in that faith, and that if you were to destroy in mankind the belief in immortality, not only love but every living force maintaining the life of the world would at once be dried up. Moreover, nothing then would be immoral, everything would be lawful, even cannibalism.

permission - permiso, venia, beneplácito

drop - dejar caer; gota

principally - principalmente

parenthesis - paréntesis

destroy - destruir, romper, destrozar, sacrificar

maintaining - manteniendo; mantener, sostener

dried up - seco, resecado, desecado

immoral - inmoral

lawful - legal; panish: t-needed

cannibalism - antropofagia, canibalismo

That's not all. He ended by asserting that for every individual, like ourselves, who does not believe in God or immortality, the moral law of nature must immediately be changed into the exact contrary of the former religious law, and that egoism, even to crime, must become not only lawful but even recognized as the inevitable, the most rational, even honorable outcome of his position. From this paradox, gentlemen, you can judge of the rest of our eccentric and paradoxical friend Ivan Fyodorovitch's theories."

asserting - afirmando; asegurar, aseverar, afirmar, ejercer; confirmar

moral law - ley moral

egoism - egoísmo

rational - racional

outcome - resultado, consecuencia, desenlace, objetivos

eccentric - excéntrico

paradoxical - paradójico, paradojal

"Excuse me," Dmitri cried suddenly; "if I've heard aright, crime must not only be permitted but even recognized as the inevitable and the most rational outcome of his position for every infidel! Is that so or not?"

aright - Verdad

permitted - permitido; permitir

"quite so," said Father PaĂŻssy.

quite so - Así es

"I'll remember it."

Having uttered these words Dmitri ceased speaking as suddenly as he had begun. Every one looked at him with curiosity.

uttered - ronunciado; absoluto, total

"Is that really your conviction as to the consequences of the disappearance of the faith in immortality?" the elder asked Ivan suddenly.

disappearance - desaparición

"Yes. That was my contention. There is no virtue if there is no immortality."

contention - contención; contienda

virtue - virtud

"You are blessed in believing that, or else most unhappy."

"Why unhappy?" Ivan asked smiling.

"Because, in all probability you don't believe yourself in the immortality of your soul, nor in what you have written yourself in your article on Church jurisdiction."

probability - probabilidad

"Perhaps you are right! ... But I wasn't altogether joking," Ivan suddenly and strangely confessed, flushing quickly.

flushing - Cancelación; (flush) Cancelación

"You were not altogether joking. That's true. The question is still fretting your heart, and not answered. But the martyr likes sometimes to divert himself with his despair, as it were driven to it by despair itself. Meanwhile, in your despair, you, too, divert yourself with magazine articles, and discussions in society, though you don't believe your own arguments, and with an aching heart mock at them inwardly.

fretting - inquietante; preocuparse

divert - divertirse; desviar, entretener, distraer

Meanwhile - y mientras tanto; mientras tanto, entretanto, a todo esto

discussions - discusiones; discusión

arguments - argumento

aching - te duele; adolorido; (ache) te duele; adolorido

inwardly - nteriormente

.. That question you have not answered, and it is your great grief, for it clamors for an answer."

clamors - clamores; clamor, alarido, clamar

"But can it be answered by me? Answered in the affirmative?" Ivan went on asking strangely, still looking at the elder with the same inexplicable smile.

affirmative - afirmativo, positivo, afirmativa

"If it can't be decided in the affirmative, it will never be decided in the negative. You know that that is the peculiarity of your heart, and all its suffering is due to it. But thank the Creator who has given you a lofty heart capable of such suffering; of thinking and seeking higher things, for our dwelling is in the heavens. God grant that your heart will attain the answer on earth, and may God bless your path."

peculiarity - particularidad; peculiaridad

creator - creador, panish: t-needed

dwelling - vivienda; (dwell); habitar, morar

heavens - cielos; cielo, firmamento, paraíso

Grant - otorgar, conceder, subvención, beca, patrocinio

The elder raised his hand and would have made the sign of the cross over Ivan from where he stood. But the latter rose from his seat, went up to him, received his blessing, and kissing his hand went back to his place in silence. His face looked firm and earnest. This action and all the preceding conversation, which was so surprising from Ivan, impressed every one by its strangeness and a certain solemnity, so that all were silent for a moment, and there was a look almost of apprehension in Alyosha's face.

cross over - cruzar

preceding - precedente; preceder, anteceder

surprising - sorprendente; (surprise); sorpresa, sorprender

strangeness - extraneza; rareza, extraneza, extranez

solemnity - solemnidad

But MiĂĽsov suddenly shrugged his shoulders. And at the same moment Fyodor Pavlovitch jumped up from his seat.

jumped - saltó; saltar

"Most pious and holy elder," he cried, pointing to Ivan, "that is my son, flesh of my flesh, the dearest of my flesh! He is my most dutiful Karl Moor, so to speak, while this son who has just come in, Dmitri, against whom I am seeking justice from you, is the undutiful Franz Moor"they are both out of Schiller's Robbers, and so I am the reigning Count von Moor! Judge and save us! We need not only your prayers but your prophecies!"

pious - piadoso

flesh - carne, pellejo, descarnar

most dutiful - el más obediente

moor - páramos; páramo

undutiful - Infiel

robbers - ladrones; ladrón, ladrona

reigning - reinado, reinar

count - contar; conde

save - salvar, rescatar, redimir, parar, ahorrar, guardar, reservar

prophecies - rofecías; profecía

"Speak without buffoonery, and don't begin by insulting the members of your family," answered the elder, in a faint, exhausted voice. He was obviously getting more and more fatigued, and his strength was failing.

faint - desmayarse; débil, tenue

fatigued - fatigado; fatiga, fatigar, acosar

"An unseemly farce which I foresaw when I came here!" cried Dmitri indignantly. He too leapt up. "Forgive it, reverend Father," he added, addressing the elder. "I am not a cultivated man, and I don't even know how to address you properly, but you have been deceived and you have been too goodnatured in letting us meet here. All my father wants is a scandal. Why he wants it only he can tell. He always has some motive.

indignantly - con indignación

leapt - Saltó

Reverend - reverendo

cultivated - ultivado; cultivar

Scandal - escándalo

But I believe I know why""

"They all blame me, all of them!" cried Fyodor Pavlovitch in his turn. "Pyotr Alexandrovitch here blames me too. You have been blaming me, Pyotr Alexandrovitch, you have!" he turned suddenly to MiĂĽsov, although the latter was not dreaming of interrupting him. "They all accuse me of having hidden the children's money in my boots, and cheated them, but isn't there a court of law? There they will reckon out for you, Dmitri Fyodorovitch, from your notes, your letters, and your agreements, how much money you had, how much you have spent, and how much you have left. Why does Pyotr Alexandrovitch refuse to pass judgment? Dmitri is not a stranger to him. Because they are all against me, while Dmitri Fyodorovitch is in debt to me, and not a little, but some thousands of which I have documentary proof. The whole town is echoing with his debaucheries. And where he was stationed before, he several times spent a thousand or two for the seduction of some respectable girl; we know all about that, Dmitri Fyodorovitch, in its most secret details.

blames - culpar, responsabilizar, echar la culpa

blaming - culpando; culpar, responsabilizar, echar la culpa

dreaming - Sonando; (dream); sueno, ensueno, sonar

interrupting - interrumpiendo; interrumpir, interrupción

accuse - acusar, denunciar

cheated - enganado; enganar, estafar, timar

reckon out - se puede calcular

Stranger - Extrano; (strang) Extrano

documentary - documental, documentario, documental

Proof - pruebas; prueba

echoing - haciendo eco; eco, repercutir, repetir, hacer eco

seduction - seducción

respectable - respetable

most secret - el más secreto

I'll prove it.... Would you believe it, holy Father, he has captivated the heart of the most honorable of young ladies of good family and fortune, daughter of a gallant colonel, formerly his superior officer, who had received many honors and had the Anna Order on his breast. He compromised the girl by his promise of marriage, now she is an orphan and here; she is betrothed to him, yet before her very eyes he is dancing attendance on a certain enchantress. And although this enchantress has lived in, so to speak, civil marriage with a respectable man, yet she is of an independent character, an unapproachable fortress for everybody, just like a legal wife"for she is virtuous, yes, holy Fathers, she is virtuous. Dmitri Fyodorovitch wants to open this fortress with a golden key, and that's why he is insolent to me now, trying to get money from me, though he has wasted thousands on this enchantress already. He's continually borrowing money for the purpose. From whom do you think? Shall I say, Mitya?"

gallant - galante; gallardo, intrépido

Colonel - coronel

honors - honores; honor, privilegio, honrar, ajustarse, acatar, respetar

breast - pecho, seno, teta, corazón, pechuga

compromised - comprometido; acuerdo, arreglo

promise of marriage - promesa de matrimonio

betrothed - comprometida, comprometido; (betroth); prometer (en matrimonio)

attendance - asistencia, presencia

enchantress - hechicera; encantadora

civil marriage - matrimonio civil

fortress - fortaleza

legal - jurídico, legal

virtuous - virtuoso

wasted - Desperdiciar

borrowing - Prestamos; (borrow) Prestamos

"be silent!" cried Dmitri, "wait till I'm gone. Don't dare in my presence to asperse the good name of an honorable girl! That you should utter a word about her is an outrage, and I won't permit it!"

be silent - se calla

outrage - atrocidad, ultraje, desafuero, atropello, indignación, rabia

permit - permiso; permitir

He was breathless.

"Mitya! Mitya!" cried Fyodor Pavlovitch hysterically, squeezing out a tear. "And is your father's blessing nothing to you? If I curse you, what then?"

squeezing out - exprimir; excluir

tear - desgarro; lágrima

curse - maldición; maldecir

"Shameless hypocrite!" exclaimed Dmitri furiously.

hypocrite - hipócrita

exclaimed - exclamó; exclamar

furiously - furiosamente

"He says that to his father! his father! What would he be with others? Gentlemen, only fancy; there's a poor but honorable man living here, burdened with a numerous family, a captain who got into trouble and was discharged from the army, but not publicly, not by courtmartial, with no slur on his honor.

burdened - cargado; carga

discharged - dado de alta; cumplir, completar, despedir, descargar, descargo

publicly - públicamente

slur - difamación; denigración, insulto, legato, ligadura de expresión

And three weeks ago, Dmitri seized him by the beard in a tavern, dragged him out into the street and beat him publicly, and all because he is an agent in a little business of mine."

tavern - taberna

agent - agente

mine - (el) mío, (la) mía, (los) míos, (las) mías

"It's all a lie! Outwardly it's the truth, but inwardly a lie!" Dmitri was trembling with rage. "Father, I don't justify my action. Yes, I confess it publicly, I behaved like a brute to that captain, and I regret it now, and I'm disgusted with myself for my brutal rage. But this captain, this agent of yours, went to that lady whom you call an enchantress, and suggested to her from you, that she should take I.O.U.'s of mine which were in your possession, and should sue me for the money so as to get me into prison by means of them, if I persisted in claiming an account from you of my property. Now you reproach me for having a weakness for that lady when you yourself incited her to captivate me! She told me so to my face.... She told me the story and laughed at you.

outwardly - exteriormente

rage - furia; rabia, furor

justify - legitimar, justificar, absolver

brute - bruto; animal, bestia

regret - lamentar, pena, pesar, arrepentimiento

disgusted - asqueado; repugnar, dar asco, asquear, asco, repugnancia

brutal - brutal

suggested - sugerido; insinuar, sugerir, recomendar

sue - demandar

claiming - reclamando; reclamación, declaración, proposición, afirmación

reproach - reproche, vergüenza, reprochar, avergonzar, echar en cara algo

incited - incitado; incitar, concitar

captivate - cautivar

laughed at - reírse de alguien

.. You wanted to put me in prison because you are jealous of me with her, because you'd begun to force your attentions upon her; and I know all about that, too; she laughed at you for that as well"you hear"she laughed at you as she described it. So here you have this man, this father who reproaches his profligate son! Gentlemen, forgive my anger, but I foresaw that this crafty old man would only bring you together to create a scandal. I had come to forgive him if he held out his hand; to forgive him, and ask forgiveness! But as he has just this minute insulted not only me, but an honorable young lady, for whom I feel such reverence that I dare not take her name in vain, I have made up my mind to show up his game, though he is my father...."

jealous - celoso, encelado, envidioso, checkenvidioso

attentions - tenciones; atención

reproaches - reproches; reproche, vergüenza, reprochar, avergonzar

crafty - diestro, manoso, habiloso, astuto, pillo, listo

forgiveness - perdón, misericordia

this minute - en este momento

in vain - en vano

He could not go on. His eyes were glittering and he breathed with difficulty. But every one in the cell was stirred. All except Father Zossima got up from their seats uneasily. The monks looked austere but waited for guidance from the elder. He sat still, pale, not from excitement but from the weakness of disease. An imploring smile lighted up his face; from time to time he raised his hand, as though to check the storm, and, of course, a gesture from him would have been enough to end the scene; but he seemed to be waiting for something and watched them intently as though trying to make out something which was not perfectly clear to him.

glittering - resplandeciente; chispeante; (glitter); brillo, purpurina

breathed - respiró; respirar

seats - asientos; asiento, seato, sede

uneasily - Inquieta

austere - austeridad; severo, austero

guidance - dirección, orientación, consejo

imploring - implorando; implorar

lighted up - Iluminado

storm - tormenta

gesture - gesto, ademán, detalle, atención

At last MiĂĽsov felt completely humiliated and disgraced.

humiliated - humillada; humillar

disgraced - deshonrado; desgracia, baldón, deshonrar

"We are all to blame for this scandalous scene," he said hotly. "But I did not foresee it when I came, though I knew with whom I had to deal. This must be stopped at once! Believe me, your reverence, I had no precise knowledge of the details that have just come to light, I was unwilling to believe them, and I learn for the first time.

blame - culpar, responsabilizar, echar la culpa

scandalous - escandaloso

hotly - Calurosamente

foresee - pronosticar, prever, antever

.. A father is jealous of his son's relations with a woman of loose behavior and intrigues with the creature to get his son into prison! This is the company in which I have been forced to be present! I was deceived. I declare to you all that I was as much deceived as any one."

intrigues - intrigas; intriga, argumento, intrigar

be present - Estar presente

"Dmitri Fyodorovitch," yelled Fyodor Pavlovitch suddenly, in an unnatural voice, "if you were not my son I would challenge you this instant to a duel ... with pistols, at three paces ... across a handkerchief," he ended, stamping with both feet.

yelled - gritó; grito, alarido

unnatural - no es natural; antinatural, contranatural, contra natura

pistols - pistolas; pistola

stamping - Sello; (stamp); estampado, sello, timbrar, franquear

With old liars who have been acting all their lives there are moments when they enter so completely into their part that they tremble or shed tears of emotion in earnest, although at that very moment, or a second later, they are able to whisper to themselves, "You know you are lying, you shameless old sinner! You're acting now, in spite of your ˜holy'wrath."

liars - mentirosos; mentiroso, mentirosa, embustero, embustera

tremble - tiritar, temblar, temblor, vibración, temblequera

shed tears - derramar lágrimas

whisper to - susurrar a

wrath - cólera, ira, castigo

Dmitri frowned painfully, and looked with unutterable contempt at his father.

painfully - dolorosamente

"I thought ... I thought," he said, in a soft and, as it were, controlled voice, "that I was coming to my native place with the angel of my heart, my betrothed, to cherish his old age, and I find nothing but a depraved profligate, a despicable clown!"

soft - suave; blando

controlled - controlado; controlar, administración, control, dirección

native place - lugar de origen

place with - Lugar con; colocar con

cherish - apreciar; mimar

despicable - desdenable, despreciable, bajo, rastrero

clown - payaso, payasa, clown, clon

"A duel!" yelled the old wretch again, breathless and spluttering at each syllable. "And you, Pyotr Alexandrovitch MiĂĽsov, let me tell you that there has never been in all your family a loftier, and more honest"you hear"more honest woman than this ˜creature,'as you have dared to call her!

wretch - desgraciado, miserable

spluttering - chisporroteando; (splutter) chisporroteando

syllable - sílaba

loftier - más alto; majestuoso

more honest - más honesto

And you, Dmitri Fyodorovitch, have abandoned your betrothed for that ˜creature,'so you must yourself have thought that your betrothed couldn't hold a candle to her. That's the woman called a ˜creature'!"

"Shameful!" broke from Father Iosif.

"Shameful and disgraceful!" Kalganov, flushing crimson, cried in a boyish voice, trembling with emotion. He had been silent till that moment.

crimson - carmín, carmesí

"Why is such a man alive?" Dmitri, beside himself with rage, growled in a hollow voice, hunching up his shoulders till he looked almost deformed. "Tell me, can he be allowed to go on defiling the earth?" He looked round at every one and pointed at the old man. He spoke evenly and deliberately.

growled - grunó; rugido, grunir

hunching - jorobando; corazonada, pálpito, intuición

deformed - deformado; deformar

defiling - Profanando; (defile) Profanando

pointed at - Apuntar a

evenly - uniformemente, equitativamente, divisible exacto

deliberately - deliberadamente, concienzudamente

"Listen, listen, monks, to the parricide!" cried Fyodor Pavlovitch, rushing up to Father Iosif. "That's the answer to your ˜shameful!'What is shameful? That ˜creature,'that ˜woman of loose behavior'is perhaps holier than you are yourselves, you monks who are seeking salvation! She fell perhaps in her youth, ruined by her environment. But she loved much, and Christ himself forgave the woman ˜who loved much.'"

rushing up to - acercarse corriendo

holier - más santo; santo, sagrado

environment - ambiente, medio, entorno, medioambiente, medio ambiente

forgave - perdonó; perdonar, disculpar

"It was not for such love Christ forgave her," broke impatiently from the gentle Father Iosif.

"Yes, it was for such, monks, it was! You save your souls here, eating cabbage, and think you are the righteous. You eat a gudgeon a day, and you think you bribe God with gudgeon."

cabbage - repollo

bribe - soborno, coima, sobornar, cohechar, coimear

"This is unendurable!" was heard on all sides in the cell.

unendurable - insoportable

all sides - todos los lados

But this unseemly scene was cut short in a most unexpected way. Father Zossima rose suddenly from his seat. Almost distracted with anxiety for the elder and every one else, Alyosha succeeded, however, in supporting him by the arm. Father Zossima moved towards Dmitri and reaching him sank on his knees before him.

most unexpected - lo más inesperado

distracted - distraído; distraer, despistar

supporting - apoyando; (support) apoyando

reaching - llegando; llegar (a)

Alyosha thought that he had fallen from weakness, but this was not so. The elder distinctly and deliberately bowed down at Dmitri's feet till his forehead touched the floor. Alyosha was so astounded that he failed to assist him when he got up again. There was a faint smile on his lips.

distinctly - laramente; distintamente

failed - falló; fracasar

assist - ayudar, asistir

"Goodby! Forgive me, all of you!" he said, bowing on all sides to his guests.

Dmitri stood for a few moments in amazement. Bowing down to him"what did it mean? Suddenly he cried aloud, "Oh, God!" hid his face in his hands, and rushed out of the room. All the guests flocked out after him, in their confusion not saying goodby, or bowing to their host. Only the monks went up to him again for a blessing.

stood for - significar; apoyar; soportar, estar con

"What did it mean, falling at his feet like that? Was it symbolic or what?" said Fyodor Pavlovitch, suddenly quieted and trying to reopen conversation without venturing to address anybody in particular. They were all passing out of the precincts of the hermitage at the moment.

symbolic - simbólico

venturing - Aventurarse; (venture); aventura, arriesgar

Anybody - alguien

"I can't answer for a madhouse and for madmen," MiĂĽsov answered at once illhumoredly, "but I will spare myself your company, Fyodor Pavlovitch, and, trust me, for ever. Where's that monk?"

answer for - responder por

madhouse - casa de locos; manicomio

madmen - locos; loco

spare - de repuesto; prescindir, pasar sin

trust - confiar; confianza, crédito, fiar, consorcio, trust

"That monk," that is, the monk who had invited them to dine with the Superior, did not keep them waiting. He met them as soon as they came down the steps from the elder's cell, as though he had been waiting for them all the time.

"Reverend Father, kindly do me a favor. Convey my deepest respect to the Father Superior, apologize for me, personally, MiĂĽsov, to his reverence, telling him that I deeply regret that owing to unforeseen circumstances I am unable to have the honor of being present at his table, greatly as I should desire to do so," MiĂĽsov said irritably to the monk.

kindly - amablemente

convey - transmitir; transportar, trasladar, comunicar, expresar

unforeseen - imprevisto, inesperado

present at - presente en

"And that unforeseen circumstance, of course, is myself," Fyodor Pavlovitch cut in immediately. "Do you hear, Father; this gentleman doesn't want to remain in my company or else he'd come at once. And you shall go, Pyotr Alexandrovitch, pray go to the Father Superior and good appetite to you. I will decline, and not you. Home, home, I'll eat at home, I don't feel equal to it here, Pyotr Alexandrovitch, my amiable relative."

appetite - apetito, deseo, ganas

decline - declive, retroceso, decadencia

amiable - amable, afable

"I am not your relative and never have been, you contemptible man!"

contemptible - despreciable, menospreciable, desdenable, rastrero

"I said it on purpose to madden you, because you always disclaim the relationship, though you really are a relation in spite of your shuffling. I'll prove it by the church calendar. As for you, Ivan, stay if you like. I'll send the horses for you later. Propriety requires you to go to the Father Superior, Pyotr Alexandrovitch, to apologize for the disturbance we've been making...."

madden - enloquecer

disclaim - renunciar; negar, rechazar

relationship - relación, noviazgo

shuffling - barajando; (shuffle); barajar, mezclar, barajear, arrastrar

calendar - calendario, agenda, calendarizar

propriety - aptitud, propiedad

disturbance - disturbio, estorbo, perturbación

"Is it true that you are going home? Aren't you lying?"

aren - No

"Pyotr Alexandrovitch! How could I dare after what's happened! Forgive me, gentlemen, I was carried away! And upset besides! And, indeed, I am ashamed. Gentlemen, one man has the heart of Alexander of Macedon and another the heart of the little dog Fido. Mine is that of the little dog Fido. I am ashamed! After such an escapade how can I go to dinner, to gobble up the monastery's sauces? I am ashamed, I can't. You must excuse me!"

after what - Después de qué

carried away - dejarse llevar

upset - trastornado, perturbado, enfadado, molesto

Alexander - Alejandro

Macedon - Macedonia

escapade - escapada; aventura, andanza, correría, travesura

gobble - engullir, devorar, zamparse

sauces - salsas; salsa

"The devil only knows, what if he deceives us?" thought MiĂĽsov, still hesitating, and watching the retreating buffoon with distrustful eyes. The latter turned round, and noticing that MiĂĽsov was watching him, waved him a kiss.

deceives - engana; enganar, decebir

hesitating - dudando; vacilar, dudar, hesitar

retreating - retirarse, batirse en retirada

distrustful - desconfiado, receloso

noticing - te das cuenta; comunicación, notificación, darse cuenta

waved - saludó; ola

"Well, are you coming to the Superior?" MiĂĽsov asked Ivan abruptly.

abruptly - de repente; abruptamente, precipitadamente

"Why not? I was especially invited yesterday."

"Unfortunately I feel myself compelled to go to this confounded dinner," said MiĂĽsov with the same irritability, regardless of the fact that the monk was listening. "We ought, at least, to apologize for the disturbance, and explain that it was not our doing. What do you think?"

unfortunately - desafortunadamente, desgraciadamente, lamentablemente

compelled - obligado; obligar, forzar, compeler

confounded - confundido; confundir, empeorar

regardless - a pesar de todo; en cualquier caso

"Yes, we must explain that it wasn't our doing. Besides, father won't be there," observed Ivan.

"Well, I should hope not! Confound this dinner!"

Confound - confundir, empeorar

They all walked on, however. The monk listened in silence. On the road through the copse he made one observation however"that the Father Superior had been waiting a long time, and that they were more than half an hour late. He received no answer. MiĂĽsov looked with hatred at Ivan.

observation - observación, vigilancia; observancia, anotación, registro

"Here he is, going to the dinner as though nothing had happened," he thought. "A brazen face, and the conscience of a Karamazov!"

brazen - descarado

Chapter VII. A Young Man bent on A Career

bent on - empenado en, decidido

Alyosha helped Father Zossima to his bedroom and seated him on his bed. It was a little room furnished with the bare necessities. There was a narrow iron bedstead, with a strip of felt for a mattress. In the corner, under the ikons, was a readingdesk with a cross and the Gospel lying on it. The elder sank exhausted on the bed. His eyes glittered and he breathed hard. He looked intently at Alyosha, as though considering something.

seated - sentado; asiento, seato, sede

little room - habitación pequena

furnished - amueblado; amoblar, amueblar, suministrar, proporcionar, dotar

necessities - necesidades; necesidad, menester

bedstead - cama (sin#Spanish

strip - tira; quitar, desprender; arrancar; despojar

mattress - colchón

glittered - brillaba; brillo, purpurina, escarcha, brillar, resplandecer

breathed - respiró; respiración, aliento, respiro

considering - onsiderando..; en consideración de; (consider); considerar

"Go, my dear boy, go. Porfiry is enough for me. Make haste, you are needed there, go and wait at the Father Superior's table."

Make haste - Apresurarse, darse prisa

"Let me stay here," Alyosha entreated.

"You are more needed there. There is no peace there. You will wait, and be of service. If evil spirits rise up, repeat a prayer. And remember, my son""the elder liked to call him that""this is not the place for you in the future. When it is God's will to call me, leave the monastery. Go away for good."

rise up - levantarse, alzarse, elevarse

Alyosha started.

"What is it? This is not your place for the time. I bless you for great service in the world. Yours will be a long pilgrimage. And you will have to take a wife, too. You will have to bear all before you come back. There will be much to do. But I don't doubt of you, and so I send you forth. Christ is with you.

Do not abandon Him and He will not abandon you. You will see great sorrow, and in that sorrow you will be happy. This is my last message to you: in sorrow seek happiness. Work, work unceasingly. Remember my words, for although I shall talk with you again, not only my days but my hours are numbered."

abandon - abandonar, dejar

unceasingly - sin cesar

Alyosha's face again betrayed strong emotion. The corners of his mouth quivered.

corners - esquinas; ángulo, checkrincón, esquina, acorralar, girar, virar

quivered - tembló; estremecer(se)

"What is it again?" Father Zossima asked, smiling gently. "The worldly may follow the dead with tears, but here we rejoice over the father who is departing. We rejoice and pray for him. Leave me, I must pray. Go, and make haste. Be near your brothers. And not near one only, but near both."

departing - partiendo; (depart); irse, salir, partir, panish:

Father Zossima raised his hand to bless him. Alyosha could make no protest, though he had a great longing to remain. He longed, moreover, to ask the significance of his bowing to Dmitri, the question was on the tip of his tongue, but he dared not ask it.

protest - protestar, proclamar, oponerse, objetar, protesta, manifestación

significance - significado, significación, calado

tip - consejo; punta, cabo, extremidad

He knew that the elder would have explained it unasked if he had thought fit. But evidently it was not his will. That action had made a terrible impression on Alyosha; he believed blindly in its mysterious significance. Mysterious, and perhaps awful.

unasked - sin preguntar

blindly - ciegamente, a ciegas, a tientas, a tiento

As he hastened out of the hermitage precincts to reach the monastery in time to serve at the Father Superior's dinner, he felt a sudden pang at his heart, and stopped short. He seemed to hear again Father Zossima's words, foretelling his approaching end. What he had foretold so exactly must infallibly come to pass. Alyosha believed that implicitly. But how could he be left without him? How could he live without seeing and hearing him? Where should he go?

foretelling - prediciendo; predecir, pronosticar, vaticinar

approaching - se acerca; acercarse, aproximarse

foretold - predicho; predecir, pronosticar, vaticinar

infallibly - infaliblemente

implicitly - implícitamente

He had told him not to weep, and to leave the monastery. Good God! It was long since Alyosha had known such anguish. He hurried through the copse that divided the monastery from the hermitage, and unable to bear the burden of his thoughts, he gazed at the ancient pines beside the path. He had not far to go"about five hundred paces. He expected to meet no one at that hour, but at the first turn of the path he noticed Rakitin. He was waiting for some one.

hurried - con prisas; prisa, apuro, apresurarse, apurarse, darse prisa

divided - dividido; desunir, dividir, repartir, división, divisoria

gazed at - mirar fijamente, contemplar

pines - pinos; pino

five hundred - Quinientos

"Are you waiting for me?" asked Alyosha, overtaking him.

overtaking - adelantamiento; rebasar, sobrepasar, adelantar, alcanzar

"Yes," grinned Rakitin. "You are hurrying to the Father Superior, I know; he has a banquet. There's not been such a banquet since the Superior entertained the Bishop and General Pahatov, do you remember? I shan't be there, but you go and hand the sauces. Tell me one thing, Alexey, what does that vision mean? That's what I want to ask you."

hurrying - Prisa; (hurry); prisa, apuro, apresurarse, apurarse, darse prisa

banquet - un banquete; comida festiva, banquete, convite

entertained - entretenido; divertir, entretener

vision - vista, visión

"What vision?"

"That bowing to your brother, Dmitri. And didn't he tap the ground with his forehead, too!"

tap - golpear; golpecito, palmadita

"You speak of Father Zossima?"

"Yes, of Father Zossima."

"Tapped the ground?"

tapped - intervenido; golpecito, palmadita

"Ah, an irreverent expression! Well, What of it? Anyway, what does that vision mean?"

irreverent - irreverente, irrespetuoso

What of it - ?Y qué?

"I don't know what it means, Misha."

"I knew he wouldn't explain it to you! There's nothing wonderful about it, of course, only the usual holy mummery. But there was an object in the performance. All the pious people in the town will talk about it and spread the story through the province, wondering what it meant. To my thinking the old man really has a keen nose; he sniffed a crime. Your house stinks of it."

usual - lo de siempre; usual, habitual

mummery - mojiganga

performance - endimiento; actuación, cumplimiento, ejecución, desempeno

spread - extender, dispersar, esparcir, untar, diseminar, difundir

wondering - Te preguntas; (wonder); maravilla, milagro, genio, asombro

keen - con ganas; entusiasta

sniffed - olfateado; olfatear, esnifar, husmear, checksorber

stinks - heder, apestar, cantar, oler a podrido (3), tufo, hedor

"What crime?"

Rakitin evidently had something he was eager to speak of.

"It'll be in your family, this crime. Between your brothers and your rich old father. So Father Zossima flopped down to be ready for what may turn up. If something happens later on, it'll be: ˜Ah, the holy man foresaw it, prophesied it!'though it's a poor sort of prophecy, flopping like that. ˜Ah, but it was symbolic,'they'll say, ˜an allegory,'and the devil knows what all!

flopped - racasó; tumbarse, dejarse caer

prophesied - rofetizado; profetizar

prophecy - profecía

flopping - tumbarse, dejarse caer

allegory - una alegoría; alegoría

It'll be remembered to his glory: ˜He predicted the crime and marked the criminal!'That's always the way with these crazy fanatics; they cross themselves at the tavern and throw stones at the temple. Like your elder, he takes a stick to a just man and falls at the feet of a murderer."

predicted - predicho; predecir

marked - marcado; Marcos, Evangelio según San Marcos

fanatics - anáticos; fanático, fanático

throw - lanzar, tirar

stones - piedras; piedra, roca, gema, piedra preciosa, hueso, cálculo

"What crime? What murderer? What do you mean?"

Alyosha stopped dead. Rakitin stopped, too.

"What murderer? As though you didn't know! I'll bet you've thought of it before. That's interesting, too, by the way. Listen, Alyosha, you always speak the truth, though you're always between two stools. Have you thought of it or not? Answer."

bet - apostar

stools - heces; taburete

"I have," answered Alyosha in a low voice. Even Rakitin was taken aback.

taken aback - se ha sorprendido

"What? Have you really?" he cried.

"I ... I've not exactly thought it," muttered Alyosha, "but directly you began speaking so strangely, I fancied I had thought of it myself."

"You see? (And how well you expressed it!) Looking at your father and your brother Mitya today you thought of a crime. Then I'm not mistaken?"

"But wait, wait a minute," Alyosha broke in uneasily. "What has led you to see all this? Why does it interest you? That's the first question."

"Two questions, disconnected, but natural. I'll deal with them separately. What led me to see it? I shouldn't have seen it, if I hadn't suddenly understood your brother Dmitri, seen right into the very heart of him all at once. I caught the whole man from one trait. These very honest but passionate people have a line which mustn't be crossed.

disconnected - desconectado; desconectar

separately - por separado; separadamente

shouldn - Debería

passionate - apasionado

crossed - cruz, aspa, sotuer, santiguamiento, senal de la cruz, cruce

If it were, he'd run at your father with a knife. But your father's a drunken and abandoned old sinner, who can never draw the line"if they both let themselves go, they'll both come to grief."

knife - cuchillo, punal, acuchillar

"No, Misha, no. If that's all, you've reassured me. It won't come to that."

"But why are you trembling? Let me tell you; he may be honest, our Mitya (he is stupid, but honest), but he's"a sensualist. That's the very definition and inner essence of him. It's your father has handed him on his low sensuality. Do you know, I simply wonder at you, Alyosha, how you can have kept your purity.

sensualist - Sensualista

definition - definición

essence - esencia, extracto

sensuality - sensualidad

purity - pureza

You're a Karamazov too, you know! In your family sensuality is carried to a disease. But now, these three sensualists are watching one another, with their knives in their belts. The three of them are knocking their heads together, and you may be the fourth."

sensualists - Sensualista

knives - cuchillos; cuchillo, punal, acuchillar

belts - cinturones; cinturón, cincho, cinturón de seguridad, correa

knocking - Golpeando; (knock); golpe, golpear

"You are mistaken about that woman. Dmitri"despises her," said Alyosha, with a sort of shudder.

despises - esprecia; desdenar

"Grushenka? No, brother, he doesn't despise her. Since he has openly abandoned his betrothed for her, he doesn't despise her. There's something here, my dear boy, that you don't understand yet. A man will fall in love with some beauty, with a woman's body, or even with a part of a woman's body (a sensualist can understand that), and he'll abandon his own children for her, sell his father and mother, and his country, Russia, too.

despise - despreciar; desdenar

openly - abiertamente, sin tapujos, con luz y taquígrafos

If he's honest, he'll steal; if he's humane, he'll murder; if he's faithful, he'll deceive. Pushkin, the poet of women's feet, sung of their feet in his verse. Others don't sing their praises, but they can't look at their feet without a thrill"and it's not only their feet. Contempt's no help here, brother, even if he did despise Grushenka. He does, but he can't tear himself away."

humane - humano

murder - asesinato, asesinar, cepillarse, devorar

deceive - enganar; enganar, decebir

poet - poeta, poetisa

praises - alabanzas; alabanza, loa, enaltecimiento, elogio, adoración

thrill - emoción; excitar; emocionar, conmover

"I understand that," Alyosha jerked out suddenly.

jerked - sacudido; sacudida

"Really? Well, I dare say you do understand, since you blurt it out at the first word," said Rakitin, malignantly. "That escaped you unawares, and the confession's the more precious. So it's a familiar subject; you've thought about it already, about sensuality, I mean! Oh, you virgin soul! You're a quiet one, Alyosha, you're a saint, I know, but the devil only knows what you've thought about, and what you know already! You are pure, but you've been down into the depths.... I've been watching you a long time. You're a Karamazov yourself; you're a thorough Karamazov"no doubt birth and selection have something to answer for. You're a sensualist from your father, a crazy saint from your mother. Why do you tremble? Is it true, then? Do you know, Grushenka has been begging me to bring you along.

blurt - disparar; soltar, espetar

malignantly - Malignamente

escaped - se escapó; escapar, liberarse, fugarse, eludir

more precious - más precioso

depths - profundidades; profundidad

thorough - completo; minucioso, exhaustivo

selection - selección

˜I'll pull off his cassock,'she says. You can't think how she keeps begging me to bring you. I wondered why she took such an interest in you. Do you know, she's an extraordinary woman, too!"

"Thank her and say I'm not coming," said Alyosha, with a strained smile. "Finish what you were saying, Misha. I'll tell you my idea after."

"There's nothing to finish. It's all clear. It's the same old tune, brother. If even you are a sensualist at heart, what of your brother, Ivan? He's a Karamazov, too. What is at the root of all you Karamazovs is that you're all sensual, grasping and crazy! Your brother Ivan writes theological articles in joke, for some idiotic, unknown motive of his own, though he's an atheist, and he admits it's a fraud himself"that's your brother Ivan. He's trying to get Mitya's betrothed for himself, and I fancy he'll succeed, too. And what's more, it's with Mitya's consent. For Mitya will surrender his betrothed to him to be rid of her, and escape to Grushenka. And he's ready to do that in spite of all his nobility and disinterestedness. Observe that. Those are the most fatal people! Who the devil can make you out? He recognizes his vileness and goes on with it! Let me tell you, too, the old man, your father, is standing in Mitya's way now. He has suddenly gone crazy over Grushenka. His mouth waters at the sight of her. It's simply on her account he made that scene in the cell just now, simply because MiĂĽsov called her an ˜abandoned creature.'He's worse than a tomcat in love. At first she was only employed by him in connection with his taverns and in some other shady business, but now he has suddenly realized all she is and has gone wild about her. He keeps pestering her with his offers, not honorable ones, of course. And they'll come into collision, the precious father and son, on that path! But Grushenka favors neither of them, she's still playing with them, and teasing them both, considering which she can get most out of. For though she could filch a lot of money from the papa he wouldn't marry her, and maybe he'll turn stingy in the end, and keep his purse shut. That's where Mitya's value comes in; he has no money, but he's ready to marry her.

all clear - Todo está claro

grasping - agarrando; agarrar, asir, comprender, asimiento, comprensión

idiotic - idiótico, idiota

fraud - fraude, defraudador

observe - observar, seguir, tomar en cuenta

most fatal - más fatal

on her account - por su cuenta; por ella

employed - empleado; contratar, emplear

shady - sombra; umbroso, umbrío, turbio, sórdido

pestering - molestando; atosigar, molestar, dar la tabarra, jorobar

offers - ofertas; ofrecer

collision - colisión

Favors - favores; favor, favor, preferir, favorecer

filch - hurtar

papa - papá

marry - casarse

stingy - mezquino, tacano, parco, escaso

Yes, ready to marry her! to abandon his betrothed, a rare beauty, Katerina Ivanovna, who's rich, and the daughter of a colonel, and to marry Grushenka, who has been the mistress of a dissolute old merchant, Samsonov, a coarse, uneducated, provincial mayor. Some murderous conflict may well come to pass from all this, and that's what your brother Ivan is waiting for. It would suit him down to the ground. He'll carry off Katerina Ivanovna, for whom he is languishing, and pocket her dowry of sixty thousand. That's very alluring to start with, for a man of no consequence and a beggar. And, take note, he won't be wronging Mitya, but doing him the greatest service. For I know as a fact that Mitya only last week, when he was with some gypsy girls drunk in a tavern, cried out aloud that he was unworthy of his betrothed, Katya, but that his brother Ivan, he was the man who deserved her. And Katerina Ivanovna will not in the end refuse such a fascinating man as Ivan. She's hesitating between the two of them already. And how has that Ivan won you all, so that you all worship him? He is laughing at you, and enjoying himself at your expense."

dissolute - disoluto, perdulario

mayor - alcalde, alcaldesa, intendente

murderous - asesino, homicida

conflict - conflicto, discrepancia, discrepar, estar renido, coincidir

suit - traje, terno, palo, convenir

languishing - Languideciendo; (languish); atrofiar, marchitar, decaer

Pocket - bolsillo, bolsa, tronera, embolsar

beggar - mendigo, mendiga, pordiosero, mendicante

gypsy - gitano, gitana

deserved - merecido; merecer, meritar

fascinating - fascinante; fascinar

"How do you know? How can you speak so confidently?" Alyosha asked sharply, frowning.

confidently - con confianza; confidentemente

sharply - Agudamente

frowning - frunciendo el ceno; fruncir el ceno

"Why do you ask, and are frightened at my answer? It shows that you know I'm speaking the truth."

frightened - asustado; atemorizar

"You don't like Ivan. Ivan wouldn't be tempted by money."

be tempted - sentirse tentado

"Really? And the beauty of Katerina Ivanovna? It's not only the money, though a fortune of sixty thousand is an attraction."

A fortune - una fortuna

"Ivan is above that. He wouldn't make up to any one for thousands. It is not money, it's not comfort Ivan is seeking. Perhaps it's suffering he is seeking."

"What wild dream now? Oh, you"aristocrats!"

Aristocrats - aristócratas; aristócrata

"Ah, Misha, he has a stormy spirit. His mind is in bondage. He is haunted by a great, unsolved doubt. He is one of those who don't want millions, but an answer to their questions."

is haunted - Estar encantado; estar turbado

"That's plagiarism, Alyosha. You're quoting your elder's phrases. Ah, Ivan has set you a problem!" cried Rakitin, with undisguised malice. His face changed, and his lips twitched. "And the problem's a stupid one. It is no good guessing it. Rack your brains"you'll understand it. His article is absurd and ridiculous. And did you hear his stupid theory just now: if there's no immortality of the soul, then there's no virtue, and everything is lawful. (And by the way, do you remember how your brother Mitya cried out: ˜I will remember!') An attractive theory for scoundrels!

plagiarism - plagio

quoting - citando; cita, comillas, presupuesto, cotización, citar, cotizar

undisguised - sin disimular

twitched - se movió; crispar(se), mover(se) convulsivamente

rack - estante

brains - cerebros; cerebro, seso, sesudez

absurd - absurdo, absurdo

theory - teoría

scoundrels - sinvergüenzas; bribón, canalla, bellaco, villano

(I'm being abusive, that's stupid.) Not for scoundrels, but for pedantic poseurs, ˜haunted by profound, unsolved doubts.'He's showing off, and what it all comes to is, ˜on the one hand we cannot but admit'and ˜on the other it must be confessed!'His whole theory is a fraud! Humanity will find in itself the power to live for virtue even without believing in immortality. It will find it in love for freedom, for equality, for fraternity."

abusive - abusivo

pedantic - pedante, pretencioso, cursi, checkmaniático, checkpedante

poseurs - farsantes; postureador, postureadora, posturero, impostor

haunted - hechizado; frecuentar, espantar, desasosegar, inquietar

Fraternity - hermandad, fraternidad, confraternidad

Rakitin could hardly restrain himself in his heat, but, suddenly, as though remembering something, he stopped short.

"Well, that's enough," he said, with a still more crooked smile. "Why are you laughing? Do you think I'm a vulgar fool?"

more crooked - más torcido

vulgar - vulgar, chabacano, ramplón

"No, I never dreamed of thinking you a vulgar fool. You are clever but ... never mind, I was silly to smile. I understand your getting hot about it, Misha. I guess from your warmth that you are not indifferent to Katerina Ivanovna yourself; I've suspected that for a long time, brother, that's why you don't like my brother Ivan. Are you jealous of him?"

dreamed - sonado; sueno, ensueno, sonar

warmth - calor, simpatía

indifferent - indiferente

"And jealous of her money, too? Won't you add that?"

"I'll say nothing about money. I am not going to insult you."

"I believe it, since you say so, but confound you, and your brother Ivan with you. Don't you understand that one might very well dislike him, apart from Katerina Ivanovna. And why the devil should I like him? He condescends to abuse me, you know. Why haven't I a right to abuse him?"

confound you - confundir

dislike - aversión, disgusto, antipatía, desagradar, no gustar

condescends - condesciende; condescender

"I never heard of his saying anything about you, good or bad. He doesn't speak of you at all."

"But I heard that the day before yesterday at Katerina Ivanovna's he was abusing me for all he was worth"you see what an interest he takes in your humble servant. And which is the jealous one after that, brother, I can't say. He was so good as to express the opinion that, if I don't go in for the career of an archimandrite in the immediate future and don't become a monk, I shall be sure to go to Petersburg and get on to some solid magazine as a reviewer, that I shall write for the next ten years, and in the end become the owner of the magazine, and bring it out on the liberal and atheistic side, with a socialistic tinge, with a tiny gloss of socialism, but keeping a sharp look out all the time, that is, keeping in with both sides and hoodwinking the fools.

takes in - pillar, comprender; aceptar; acoger, hospedar

archimandrite - arquimandrita; archimandrita

solid - sólido, masivo, macizo, continuo, junto, sólido, cuerpo

reviewer - revisor; resenista, resenante, crítico

tinge - toque, tinte, matiz, retocar, matizar

gloss - lustre, brillo

hoodwinking - engano; dársela con queso, enganar

fools - idiotas; bobo, imbécil, necio, pendejo, bufón, loco

According to your brother's account, the tinge of socialism won't hinder me from laying by the proceeds and investing them under the guidance of some Jew, till at the end of my career I build a great house in Petersburg and move my publishing offices to it, and let out the upper stories to lodgers. He has even chosen the place for it, near the new stone bridge across the Neva, which they say is to be built in Petersburg."

hinder - retrasar; impedir; dificultar

proceeds - continuar, proceder

let out - dejar salir, soltar, liberar

lodgers - inquilinos; huésped

stone - piedra, roca, gema, piedra preciosa, hueso, cálculo, lapidar

Bridge - puente

"Ah, Misha, that's just what will really happen, every word of it," cried Alyosha, unable to restrain a goodhumored smile.

"You are pleased to be sarcastic, too, Alexey Fyodorovitch."

sarcastic - sarcástico

"No, no, I'm joking, forgive me. I've something quite different in my mind. But, excuse me, who can have told you all this? You can't have been at Katerina Ivanovna's yourself when he was talking about you?"

"I wasn't there, but Dmitri Fyodorovitch was; and I heard him tell it with my own ears; if you want to know, he didn't tell me, but I overheard him, unintentionally, of course, for I was sitting in Grushenka's bedroom and I couldn't go away because Dmitri Fyodorovitch was in the next room."

overheard - oído por casualidad; oír por casualidad, oír sin querer

unintentionally - sin querer, involuntariamente

"Oh, yes, I'd forgotten she was a relation of yours."

relation - relación, pariente

"A relation! That Grushenka a relation of mine!" cried Rakitin, turning crimson. "Are you mad? You're out of your mind!"

mad - loco, trastornado, zumbado, enfadado, enojado

"Why, isn't she a relation of yours? I heard so."

"Where can you have heard it? You Karamazovs brag of being an ancient, noble family, though your father used to run about playing the buffoon at other men's tables, and was only admitted to the kitchen as a favor. I may be only a priest's son, and dirt in the eyes of noblemen like you, but don't insult me so lightly and wantonly. I have a sense of honor, too, Alexey Fyodorovitch, I couldn't be a relation of Grushenka, a common harlot.

Brag - fanfarronear, presumir, jactarse, echarse flores

noble - noble

priest - sacerdote, cura, padre, párroco; (prey); botín, presa

dirt - suciedad, mugor, tierra, mugre, trapos sucios

wantonly - Sin querer

harlot - prostituta; puta, golfa, ramera, zorra

I beg you to understand that!"

Rakitin was intensely irritated.

intensely - intensamente

"Forgive me, for goodness'sake, I had no idea ... besides ... how can you call her a harlot? Is she ... that sort of woman?" Alyosha flushed suddenly. "I tell you again, I heard that she was a relation of yours. You often go to see her, and you told me yourself you're not her lover. I never dreamed that you of all people had such contempt for her! Does she really deserve it?"

"I may have reasons of my own for visiting her. That's not your business. But as for relationship, your brother, or even your father, is more likely to make her yours than mine. Well, here we are. You'd better go to the kitchen. Hullo! what's wrong, what is it? Are we late? They can't have finished dinner so soon! Have the Karamazovs been making trouble again? No doubt they have. Here's your father and your brother Ivan after him. They've broken out from the Father Superior's.

Hullo - hola; vaya, anda

broken out - roto

And look, Father Isidor's shouting out something after them from the steps. And your father's shouting and waving his arms. I expect he's swearing. Bah, and there goes MiĂĽsov driving away in his carriage. You see, he's going. And there's old Maximov running!"there must have been a row. There can't have been any dinner. Surely they've not been beating the Father Superior! Or have they, perhaps, been beaten? It would serve them right!"

waving - Saludando; (wave) Saludando

swearing - jurando; (swear) jurando

driving away - alejarse en coche; ahuyentar

There was reason for Rakitin's exclamations. There had been a scandalous, an unprecedented scene. It had all come from the impulse of a moment.

exclamations - exclamaciones; exclamación

unprecedented - sin precedentes; sin precedente

impulse - impulso, capricho

Chapter VIII. The Scandalous Scene

MiĂĽsov, as a man of breeding and delicacy, could not but feel some inward qualms, when he reached the Father Superior's with Ivan: he felt ashamed of having lost his temper. He felt that he ought to have disdained that despicable wretch, Fyodor Pavlovitch, too much to have been upset by him in Father Zossima's cell, and so to have forgotten himself. "The monks were not to blame, in any case," he reflected, on the steps.

breeding - Cría; (breed); criar, procrear, aparearse, cultivar, engendrar

qualms - reticencias; escrúpulo, escrupulo, naúsea

reached - alcanzado; llegar (a)

felt ashamed - sentirse avergonzado

disdained - despreciado; desdén, desprecio, desdeno, desdenar, despreciar

"And if they're decent people here (and the Father Superior, I understand, is a nobleman) why not be friendly and courteous with them? I won't argue, I'll fall in with everything, I'll win them by politeness, and ... and ... show them that I've nothing to do with that Æsop, that buffoon, that Pierrot, and have merely been taken in over this affair, just as they have."

nobleman - noble

argue - argumentar, debatir, discutir

been taken in - dejar enganarse

He determined to drop his litigation with the monastery, and relinquish his claims to the woodcutting and fishery rights at once. He was the more ready to do this because the rights had become much less valuable, and he had indeed the vaguest idea where the wood and river in question were.

relinquish - abandonar, renunciar, soltar, desistir

claims - reclamaciones; reclamación, declaración, proposición

vaguest - más vago; vago, impreciso

wood - madera

These excellent intentions were strengthened when he entered the Father Superior's diningroom, though, strictly speaking, it was not a dining room, for the Father Superior had only two rooms altogether; they were, however, much larger and more comfortable than Father Zossima's. But there was no great luxury about the furnishing of these rooms either. The furniture was of mahogany, covered with leather, in the oldfashioned style of 1820; the floor was not even stained, but everything was shining with cleanliness, and there were many choice flowers in the windows; the most sumptuous thing in the room at the moment was, of course, the beautifully decorated table. The cloth was clean, the service shone; there were three kinds of wellbaked bread, two bottles of wine, two of excellent mead, and a large glass jug of kvas"both the latter made in the monastery, and famous in the neighborhood. There was no vodka. Rakitin related afterwards that there were five dishes: fishsoup made of sterlets, served with little fish patties; then boiled fish served in a special way; then salmon cutlets, ice pudding and compote, and finally, blancmange. Rakitin found out about all these good things, for he could not resist peeping into the kitchen, where he already had a footing.

excellent - excelente, sobresaliente, prominente, excelso

strengthened - fortalecido; fortalecer, animar

strictly - estrictamente, terminantemente

comfortable - cómodo, confortable, checkcómodo

luxury - lujo, capricho, extravagancia

furnishing - mobiliario; (furnish); amoblar, amueblar, suministrar

stained - manchado; mancha, lamparón, tacha, mancilla, colorante

cleanliness - limpieza

choice - selección, decisión, opción, exquisito

sumptuous - suntuoso

beautifully - bonito; bellamente

decorated - decorado; decorar

cloth - tela, pedazo de tela, trozo de tela, trapo, pano, facha

jug - jarro, jarra

vodka - vodka, vodka

related - relacionado; identificarse (con)

sterlets - esterlinas; esturión esterlete

boiled - hervido; hervir

salmon - salmón, asalmonado

cutlets - chuletas; chuleta

pudding - pudin, pudín

compote - compota

resist - resistir

peeping - espiando; espiar

He had a footing everywhere, and got information about everything. He was of an uneasy and envious temper. He was well aware of his own considerable abilities, and nervously exaggerated them in his selfconceit. He knew he would play a prominent part of some sort, but Alyosha, who was attached to him, was distressed to see that his friend Rakitin was dishonorable, and quite unconscious of being so himself, considering, on the contrary, that because he would not steal money left on the table he was a man of the highest integrity. Neither Alyosha nor any one else could have influenced him in that.

envious - envidioso, receloso

abilities - habilidades; habilidad, capacidad

attached - Adjunto

unconscious - inconsciente, subconsciente, subconsciencia

integrity - integridad

influenced - influenciado; influencia, influir, influenciar

Rakitin, of course, was a person of too little consequence to be invited to the dinner, to which Father Iosif, Father PaĂŻssy, and one other monk were the only inmates of the monastery invited. They were already waiting when MiĂĽsov, Kalganov, and Ivan arrived. The other guest, Maximov, stood a little aside, waiting also. The Father Superior stepped into the middle of the room to receive his guests. He was a tall, thin, but still vigorous old man, with black hair streaked with gray, and a long, grave, ascetic face.

stepped - pisado; estepa

Middle - medio, centro, cintura, central

streaked - con rayas; raya, trazo, sarta, racha, ristra

ascetic - ascético, asceta

He bowed to his guests in silence. But this time they approached to receive his blessing. MiĂĽsov even tried to kiss his hand, but the Father Superior drew it back in time to avoid the salute. But Ivan and Kalganov went through the ceremony in the most simplehearted and complete manner, kissing his hand as peasants do.

approached - se acercó; acercarse, aproximarse

salute - saludar; saludo, venia

"We must apologize most humbly, your reverence," began MiĂĽsov, simpering affably, and speaking in a dignified and respectful tone. "Pardon us for having come alone without the gentleman you invited, Fyodor Pavlovitch. He felt obliged to decline the honor of your hospitality, and not without reason. In the reverend Father Zossima's cell he was carried away by the unhappy dissension with his son, and let fall words which were quite out of keeping .

humbly - humildemente

simpering - simplón; sonreírse afectadamente, sonrisa afectada (lit

Pardon - perdón, indulto, perdonar, indultar, cómo?, ?perdón?, ?ah?

hospitality - hospitalidad, hostelería

. in fact, quite unseemly ... as""he glanced at the monks""your reverence is, no doubt, already aware. And therefore, recognizing that he had been to blame, he felt sincere regret and shame, and begged me, and his son Ivan Fyodorovitch, to convey to you his apologies and regrets. In brief, he hopes and desires to make amends later. He asks your blessing, and begs you to forget what has taken place."

begged - suplicó; pedir

apologies - disculpas; disculpa, excusa

regrets - se arrepiente; lamentar, pena, pesar, arrepentimiento

desires - deseos; desear, deseo, gana

amends - corregir, mejorar, enmendar

As he uttered the last word of his tirade, MiĂĽsov completely recovered his selfcomplacency, and all traces of his former irritation disappeared. He fully and sincerely loved humanity again.

tirade - diatriba, invectiva, catilinaria

recovered - recuperado; recuperarse

The Father Superior listened to him with dignity, and, with a slight bend of the head, replied:

Slight - insignificante, leve, ligero, falta de respeto

bend - doblar, curvar, doblarse, agacharse, inclinarse, doblegar

"I sincerely deplore his absence. Perhaps at our table he might have learnt to like us, and we him. Pray be seated, gentlemen."

deplore - deplorar

He stood before the holy image, and began to say grace, aloud. All bent their heads reverently, and Maximov clasped his hands before him, with peculiar fervor.

say grace - dar gracias; bendecir la mesa

It was at this moment that Fyodor Pavlovitch played his last prank. It must be noted that he really had meant to go home, and really had felt the impossibility of going to dine with the Father Superior as though nothing had happened, after his disgraceful behavior in the elder's cell. Not that he was so very much ashamed of himself"quite the contrary perhaps. But still he felt it would be unseemly to go to dinner. Yet his creaking carriage had hardly been brought to the steps of the hotel, and he had hardly got into it, when he suddenly stopped short. He remembered his own words at the elder's: "I always feel when I meet people that I am lower than all, and that they all take me for a buffoon; so I say let me play the buffoon, for you are, every one of you, stupider and lower than I.

prank - travesura, broma, inocentada, jugarreta

impossibility - imposibilidad

creaking - chirriante; crujido, crujir, chirriar, rechinar

stupider - más estúpido; estúpido, menso, gilí, pendejo

He longed to revenge himself on every one for his own unseemliness. He suddenly recalled how he had once in the past been asked, "Why do you hate so and so, so much?" And he had answered them, with his shameless impudence, "I'll tell you. He has done me no harm. But I played him a Dirty trick, and ever since I have hated him."

revenge - venganza

impudence - imprudencia; impudencia, descaro, desenvoltura

Dirty trick - Truco sucio

Remembering that now, he smiled quietly and malignantly, hesitating for a moment. His eyes gleamed, and his lips positively quivered. "Well, since I have begun, I may as well go on," he decided. His predominant sensation at that moment might be expressed in the following words, "Well, there is no rehabilitating myself now. So let me shame them for all I am worth. I will show them I don't care what they think"that's all!"

quietly - en silencio; mansamente, despacio

gleamed - brillaba; relucir, brillar, destellar

predominant - predominante

sensation - sensación

rehabilitating - rehabilitando; rehabilitar

He told the coachman to wait, while with rapid steps he returned to the monastery and straight to the Father Superior's. He had no clear idea what he would do, but he knew that he could not control himself, and that a touch might drive him to the utmost limits of obscenity, but only to obscenity, to nothing criminal, nothing for which he could be legally punished. In the last resort, he could always restrain himself, and had marveled indeed at himself, on that score, sometimes.

coachman - Cochero

limits - límites; límite

obscenity - obscenidad

legally - legalmente

last resort - último recurso

He appeared in the Father Superior's diningroom, at the moment when the prayer was over, and all were moving to the table. Standing in the doorway, he scanned the company, and laughing his prolonged, impudent, malicious chuckle, looked them all boldly in the face. "They thought I had gone, and here I am again," he cried to the whole room.

doorway - puerta; entrada

scanned - escaneado; escrutar, escanear, escandir

chuckle - reírse (entre dientes)

For One moment every one stared at him without a word; and at once every one felt that something revolting, grotesque, positively scandalous, was about to happen. MiĂĽsov passed immediately from the most benevolent frame of mind to the most savage. All the feelings that had subsided and died down in his heart revived instantly.

One moment - Un momento

grotesque - grotesco

benevolent - benevolente, benévolo

frame - arco; levantar la estructura, armar, enmarcar, concebir

savage - salvaje

subsided - se calmó; calmarse

"No! this I cannot endure!" he cried. "I absolutely cannot! and ... I certainly cannot!"

absolutely - totalmente, absolutamente

The blood rushed to his head. He positively stammered; but he was beyond thinking of style, and he seized his hat.

stammered - tartamudeó; tartamudear, balbucir, balbucear, gaguear

"What is it he cannot?" cried Fyodor Pavlovitch, "that he absolutely cannot and certainly cannot? Your reverence, am I to come in or not? Will you receive me as your guest?"

"You are welcome with all my heart," answered the Superior. "Gentlemen!" he added, "I venture to beg you most earnestly to lay aside your dissensions, and to be united in love and family harmony"with prayer to the Lord at our humble table."

lay aside - dejar de lado

"No, no, it is impossible!" cried MiĂĽsov, beside himself.

"Well, if it is impossible for Pyotr Alexandrovitch, it is impossible for me, and I won't stop. That is why I came. I will keep with Pyotr Alexandrovitch everywhere now. If you will go away, Pyotr Alexandrovitch, I will go away too, if you remain, I will remain.

You stung him by what you said about family harmony, Father Superior, he does not admit he is my relation. that's right, isn't it, von Sohn? Here's von Sohn. How are you, von Sohn?"

that's right - eso es

"Do you mean me?" muttered Maximov, puzzled.

puzzled - rompecabezas, enigma, puzle, acertijo, intrigar, dejar perplejo

"Of course I mean you," cried Fyodor Pavlovitch. "Who else? The Father Superior could not be von Sohn."

"But I am not von Sohn either. I am Maximov."

"No, you are von Sohn. Your reverence, do you know who von Sohn was? It was a famous murder case. He was killed in a house of harlotry"I believe that is what such places are called among you"he was killed and robbed, and in spite of his venerable age, he was nailed up in a box and sent from Petersburg to Moscow in the luggage van, and while they were nailing him up, the harlots sang songs and played the harp, that is to say, the piano.

killed - asesinado; matar, asesinar

robbed - robado; robar

venerable - venerable

nailed up - Clavado

luggage van - vagón de equipaje

nailing - Clavar; (nail) Clavar

harp - arpa, harpa

So this is that very von Sohn. He has risen from the dead, hasn't he, von Sohn?"

risen - resucitado; aumentar; subir

"What is happening? What's this?" voices were heard in the group of monks.

"Let us go," cried MiĂĽsov, addressing Kalganov.

"No, excuse me," Fyodor Pavlovitch broke in shrilly, taking another step into the room. "Allow me to finish. There in the cell you blamed me for behaving disrespectfully just because I spoke of eating gudgeon, Pyotr Alexandrovitch. Miüsov, my relation, prefers to have plus de noblesse que de sincérité in his words, but I prefer in mine plus de sincérité que de noblesse, and"damn the noblesse! That's right, isn't it, von Sohn? Allow me, Father Superior, though I am a buffoon and play the buffoon, yet I am the soul of honor, and I want to speak my mind. Yes, I am the soul of honor, while in Pyotr Alexandrovitch there is wounded vanity and nothing else. I came here perhaps to have a look and speak my mind. My son, Alexey, is here, being saved. I am his father; I care for his welfare, and it is my duty to care. While I've been playing the fool, I have been listening and having a look on the sly; and now I want to give you the last act of the performance. You know how things are with us?

shrilly - Gritando

plus - lus; más, positivo

noblesse - Nobleza

que - Qué

damn - maldecir; maldita sea

wounded - Herida

vanity - vanidad

welfare - bienestar, seguridad social

on the sly - a escondidas

last act - último acto

As a thing falls, so it lies. As a thing once has fallen, so it must lie for ever. Not a bit of it! I want to get up again. Holy Father, I am indignant with you. Confession is a great sacrament, before which I am ready to bow down reverently; but there in the cell, they all kneel down and confess aloud. Can it be right to confess aloud? It was ordained by the holy Fathers to confess in secret: then only your confession will be a mystery, and so it was of old. But how can I explain to him before every one that I did this and that ... well, you understand what"sometimes it would not be proper to talk about it"so it is really a scandal! No, Fathers, one might be carried along with you to the Flagellants, I dare say ... at the first opportunity I shall write to the Synod, and I shall take my son, Alexey, home."

bit - oco; pedacito; (bite); morder, picar, mordida, mordedura

indignant - indignada; indignado

mystery - misterio, arcano

carried along - llevar

Flagellants - flagelantes; flagelante

synod - sínodo

We must note here that Fyodor Pavlovitch knew where to look for the weak spot. There had been at one time malicious rumors which had even reached the Archbishop (not only regarding our monastery, but in others where the institution of elders existed) that too much respect was paid to the elders, even to the detriment of the authority of the Superior, that the elders abused the sacrament of confession and so on and so on"absurd charges which had died away of themselves everywhere. But the spirit of folly, which had caught up Fyodor Pavlovitch, and was bearing him on the current of his own nerves into lower and lower depths of ignominy, prompted him with this old slander.

Rumors - rumores; rumor, voz, rumorología, habladurías

archbishop - arzobispo

detriment - perjuicio; detrimento

charges - cargos; cargo, acusación, encargo, figura, acusar, cobrar

folly - una locura; capricho

bearing - Rodamiento; (bear) Rodamiento

nerves - nervio, coraje, descaro, frescura, nervios

ignominy - ignominia

Slander - calumnia, calumniar, difamar, dejar negro, pelar

Fyodor Pavlovitch did not understand a word of it, and he could not even put it sensibly, for on this occasion no one had been kneeling and confessing aloud in the elder's cell, so that he could not have seen anything of the kind. He was only speaking from confused memory of old slanders. But as soon as he had uttered his foolish tirade, he felt he had been talking absurd nonsense, and at once longed to prove to his audience, and above all to himself, that he had not been talking nonsense. And, though he knew perfectly well that with each word he would be adding more and more absurdity, he could not restrain himself, and plunged forward blindly.

sensibly - con sensatez; prudentemente

confessing - confesando; confesar, panish: t-needed

slanders - calumnias; calumnia, calumniar, difamar, dejar negro, pelar

absurdity - absurdo, absurdidad

"How disgraceful!" cried Pyotr Alexandrovitch.

"Pardon me!" said the Father Superior. "It was said of old, ˜Many have begun to speak against me and have uttered evil sayings about me. And hearing it I have said to myself: it is the correction of the Lord and He has sent it to heal my vain soul.'And so we humbly thank you, honored guest!" and he made Fyodor Pavlovitch a low bow.

Pardon me - Perdón, Perdone

sayings - dichos; dicho, proverbio, refrán

correction - corrección

heal - curar

vain - vanidoso, vano, vacuo

"Tut"tut"tut"sanctimoniousness and stock phrases! Old phrases and old gestures. The old lies and formal prostrations. We know all about them. A kiss on the lips and a dagger in the heart, as in Schiller's Robbers. I don't like falsehood, Fathers, I want the truth. But the truth is not to be found in eating gudgeon and that I proclaim aloud! Father monks, why do you fast? Why do you expect reward in heaven for that? Why, for reward like that I will come and fast too! No, saintly monk, you try being virtuous in the world, do good to society, without shutting yourself up in a monastery at other people's expense, and without expecting a reward up aloft for it"you'll find that a bit harder.

sanctimoniousness - moralina, beatería, gazmonería, santurronería

stock - cciones; existencias, stock

gestures - gestos; gesto, ademán, detalle, atención

prostrations - Postración

dagger - daga, punal

proclaim - proclamar

saintly - Santo

do good - hacer el bien

shutting - cerrando; cerrar

I can talk sense, too, Father Superior. What have they got here?" He went up to the table. "Old port wine, mead brewed by the Eliseyev Brothers. Fie, fie, fathers! That is something beyond gudgeon. Look at the bottles the fathers have brought out, he he he! And who has provided it all? The Russian peasant, the laborer, brings here the farthing earned by his horny hand, wringing it from his family and the taxgatherer! You bleed the people, you know, holy fathers."

port wine - vino de Oporto

brewed - preparado; elaborar bebidas fermentadas

brought out - sacar; lanzar

laborer - trabajador, obrero, currito

horny - córneo, jodontón, cachondo, caliente, arrecho

wringing - Escurriendo; (wring) Escurriendo

bleed - sangrar, desangrar, purgar, sangría, sangrado, sangre

"This is too disgraceful!" said Father Iosif.

Father PaĂŻssy kept obstinately silent. MiĂĽsov rushed from the room, and Kalganov after him.

obstinately - obstinadamente

"Well, Father, I will follow Pyotr Alexandrovitch! I am not coming to see you again. You may beg me on your knees, I shan't come. I sent you a thousand roubles, so you have begun to keep your eye on me. He he he! No, I'll say no more. I am taking my revenge for my youth, for all the humiliation I endured." He thumped the table with his fist in a paroxysm of simulated feeling. "This monastery has played a great part in my life!

endured - oportado; aguantar, perdurar, tolerar, consentir, condescender

thumped - golpeado; golpe sordo, ruido sordo, golpear, azotar

fist - puno

It has cost me many bitter tears. You used to set my wife, the crazy one, against me. You cursed me with bell and book, you spread stories about me all over the place. Enough, fathers! This is the age of Liberalism, the age of steamers and railways. Neither a thousand, nor a hundred roubles, no, nor a hundred farthings will you get out of me!"

bell - campana

Liberalism - liberalismo

steamers - al vapor

railways - ferrocarriles; vía férrea, ferrocarril

It must be noted again that our monastery never had played any great part in his life, and he never had shed a bitter tear owing to it. But he was so carried away by his simulated emotion, that he was for one moment almost believing it himself. He was so touched he was almost weeping. But at that very instant, he felt that it was time to draw back.

The Father Superior bowed his head at his malicious lie, and again spoke impressively:

"It is written again, ˜Bear circumspectly and gladly dishonor that cometh upon thee by no act of thine own, be not confounded and hate not him who hath dishonored thee.'And so will we."

circumspectly - Circunstancialmente

gladly - con gusto; de buena gana

cometh - Vienes

act - acto, ley, acción, hecho, actuar

thine - tu, tuyo, tuya, el tuyo, la tuya

dishonored - deshonrado; deshonra, deshonor

"Tut, tut, tut! Bethinking thyself and the rest of the rigmarole. Bethink yourselves, Fathers, I will go. But I will take my son, Alexey, away from here for ever, on my parental authority. Ivan Fyodorovitch, my most dutiful son, permit me to order you to follow me. Von Sohn, what have you to stay for?

bethinking - Pensar

thyself - Tú mismo

rigmarole - un galimatías; embrollo

parental - padres; parental

dutiful - obediente

Come and see me now in the town. It is fun there. It is only one short verst; instead of lenten oil, I will give you suckingpig and kasha. We will have dinner with some brandy and liqueur to it.... I've cloudberry wine. Hey, von Sohn, don't lose your chance." He went out, shouting and gesticulating.

oil - aceite; petróleo

brandy - brandy, conac

liqueur - licor

cloudberry - mora de los pantanos, mora ártica, mora de ronces

It was at that moment Rakitin saw him and pointed him out to Alyosha.

"Alexey!" his father shouted, from far off, catching sight of him. "You come home to me today, for good, and bring your pillow and mattress, and leave no trace behind."

pillow - almohada

trace - rastrear; rastro, huella, vestigio, indicio

Alyosha stood rooted to the spot, watching the scene in silence. Meanwhile, Fyodor Pavlovitch had got into the carriage, and Ivan was about to follow him in grim silence without even turning to say goodby to Alyosha. But at this point another almost incredible scene of grotesque buffoonery gave the finishing touch to the episode. Maximov suddenly appeared by the side of the carriage. He ran up, panting, afraid of being too late. Rakitin and Alyosha saw him running.

rooted - arraigado; raíz

grim - asqueroso; horrible, horroroso, macabro, nefasto

ran up - venir corriendo; incrementar la deuda

panting - Jadeando; (pant) Jadeando

He was in such a hurry that in his impatience he put his foot on the step on which Ivan's left foot was still resting, and clutching the carriage he kept trying to jump in. "I am going with you!" he kept shouting, laughing a thin mirthful laugh with a look of reckless glee in his face. "Take me, too."

hurry - prisa, apuro, apresurarse, apurarse, darse prisa

jump - saltar

glee - júbilo, alegría, regocijo

"There!" cried Fyodor Pavlovitch, delighted. "Did I not say he was von Sohn. It is von Sohn himself, risen from the dead. Why, how did you tear yourself away? What did you vonsohn there? And how could you get away from the dinner? You must be a brazenfaced fellow! I am that myself, but I am surprised at you, brother! Jump in, jump in! Let him pass, Ivan. It will be fun. He can lie somewhere at our feet. Will you lie at our feet, von Sohn? Or perch on the box with the coachman.

fellow - colega; tipo

perch - percha

Skip on to the box, von Sohn!"

skip - saltar

But Ivan, who had by now taken his seat, without a word gave Maximov a violent punch in the breast and sent him flying. It was quite by chance he did not fall.

Punch - un punetazo; ponche

by chance - Por casualidad

"drive on!" Ivan shouted angrily to the coachman.

drive on - seguir adelante, seguir conduciendo

angrily - enfadado; furiosamente, con ira

"Why, what are you doing, what are you about? Why did you do that?" Fyodor Pavlovitch protested.

But the carriage had already driven away. Ivan made no reply.

driven away - alejarse en coche; ahuyentar

"Well, you are a fellow," Fyodor Pavlovitch said again.

After a pause of two minutes, looking askance at his son, "Why, it was you got up all this monastery business. You urged it, you approved of it. Why are you angry now?"

pause - receso, checkdescanso, pausar, interrumpir, suspender

askance - preguntas; con recelo, de reojo, de través

urged - te urge; impulso, impulsar, urgir, aguijonear, apresurar

approved - aprobado; aprobar; tener un buen concepto de

"You've talked rot enough. You might rest a bit now," Ivan snapped sullenly.

rot - podredumbre; pudrir, podrir, putrefacción, podre

sullenly - Hoscamente

Fyodor Pavlovitch was silent again for two minutes.

"A drop of brandy would be nice now," he observed sententiously, but Ivan made no response.

sententiously - sentenciosamente

"You shall have some, too, when we get home."

Ivan was still silent.

Fyodor Pavlovitch waited another two minutes.

"But I shall take Alyosha away from the monastery, though you will dislike it so much, most honored Karl von Moor."

Ivan shrugged his shoulders contemptuously, and turning away stared at the road. And they did not speak again all the way home.

contemptuously - despectivamente

turning away - dar la vuelta, alejarse, dar la espalda a alguien/algo

Book III. The Sensualists

Chapter I. In The Servants'Quarters

servants - sirvientes; sirviente, criado, mozo, doméstico

The Karamazovs'house was far from being in the center of the town, but it was not quite outside it. It was a pleasantlooking old house of two stories, painted gray, with a red iron roof. It was roomy and snug, and might still last many years. There were all sorts of unexpected little cupboards and closets and staircases. There were rats in it, but Fyodor Pavlovitch did not altogether dislike them. "One doesn't feel so solitary when one's left alone in the evening," he used to say. It was his habit to send the servants away to the lodge for the night and to lock himself up alone. The lodge was a roomy and solid building in the yard. Fyodor Pavlovitch used to have the cooking done there, although there was a kitchen in the house; he did not like the smell of cooking, and, winter and summer alike, the dishes were carried in across the courtyard. The house was built for a large family; there was room for five times as many, with their servants. But at the time of our story there was no one living in the house but Fyodor Pavlovitch and his son Ivan. And in the lodge there were only three servants: old Grigory, and his old wife Marfa, and a young man called Smerdyakov.

roof - techo

snug - cómodo, confortable, ajustado, cenido

cupboards - armarios; armario, vitrina, alacena

closets - armarios; ropero, armario, clóset

staircases - escaleras; escalera

rats - ratas; rata

Lodge - cabana, barraca, caseta, logia, madriguera, panish: t-needed

lock - cerradura

smell - olor, olfato, oler, husmear, oler a

courtyard - patio

Of these three we must say a few words. Of old Grigory we have said something already. He was firm and determined and went blindly and obstinately for his object, if once he had been brought by any reasons (and they were often very illogical ones) to believe that it was immutably right. He was honest and incorruptible. His wife, Marfa Ignatyevna, had obeyed her husband's will implicitly all her life, yet she had pestered him terribly after the emancipation of the serfs. She was set on leaving Fyodor Pavlovitch and opening a little shop in Moscow with their small savings. But Grigory decided then, once for all, that "the woman's talking nonsense, for every woman is dishonest," and that they ought not to leave their old master, whatever he might be, for "that was now their duty."

illogical - ilógico

immutably - inmutablemente

obeyed - obedecer

serfs - siervos; siervo

Savings - ahorro, ahorros, economías

dishonest - embustero, mentiroso, deshonesto

whatever - qué; cualquier, lo que sea que, cualquier cosa que, no importa

"Do you understand what duty is?" he asked Marfa Ignatyevna.

"I understand what duty means, Grigory Vassilyevitch, but why it's our duty to stay here I never shall understand," Marfa answered firmly.

firmly - con firmeza; firmemente

"Well, don't understand then. But so it shall be. And you Hold your tongue."

Hold your tongue - cerrar el pico; cerrar el pico

And so it was. They did not go away, and Fyodor Pavlovitch promised them a small sum for wages, and paid it regularly. Grigory knew, too, that he had an indisputable influence over his master. It was true, and he was aware of it. Fyodor Pavlovitch was an obstinate and cunning buffoon, yet, though his will was strong enough "in some of the affairs of life," as he expressed it, he found himself, to his surprise, extremely feeble in facing certain other emergencies. He knew his weaknesses and was afraid of them. There are positions in which one has to keep a sharp look out. And that's not easy without a trustworthy man, and Grigory was a most trustworthy man. Many times in the course of his life Fyodor Pavlovitch had only just escaped a sound thrashing through Grigory's intervention, and on each occasion the old servant gave him a good lecture. But it wasn't only thrashings that Fyodor Pavlovitch was afraid of. There were graver occasions, and very subtle and complicated ones, when Fyodor Pavlovitch could not have explained the extraordinary craving for some one faithful and devoted, which sometimes unaccountably came upon him all in a moment. It was almost a morbid condition. Corrupt and often cruel in his lust, like some noxious insect, Fyodor Pavlovitch was sometimes, in moments of drunkenness, overcome by superstitious terror and a moral convulsion which took an almost physical form. "My soul's simply quaking in my throat at those times," he used to say. At such moments he liked to feel that there was near at hand, in the lodge if not in the room, a strong, faithful man, virtuous and unlike himself, who had seen all his debauchery and knew all his secrets, but was ready in his devotion to overlook all that, not to oppose him, above all, not to reproach him or threaten him with anything, either in this world or in the next, and, in case of need, to defend him"from whom?

wages - salario; hacer (la guerra), librar, dar

regularly - con regularidad; regularmente, comúnmente

indisputable - indiscutible; indisputable, inobjetable

emergencies - emergencia, urgencia, urgencias, emergencias

weaknesses - debilidades; debilidad, flaqueza, punto débil, debilidad por

positions - puestos; posición, puesto, postura

most trustworthy - el más fiable

only just - por poco

lecture - una conferencia; conferencia

thrashings - golpes; paliza, jarabe de palo, golpiza, zurra

complicated - complicado; complicar

unaccountably - inexplicablemente

morbid - mórbida; mórbido, morboso

noxious - nocivo, danino

insect - insecto, bicho

superstitious - supersticioso

quaking - Tiembla; (quake) Tiembla

throat - garganta, tráquea, cuello

overlook - mirador, pasar por alto, otear

oppose - oponerse; oponer

threaten - amenazar

defend - defender

From somebody unknown, but terrible and dangerous. What he needed was to feel that there was another man, an old and tried friend, that he might call him in his sick moments merely to look at his face, or, perhaps, exchange some quite irrelevant words with him. And if the old servant were not angry, he felt comforted, and if he were angry, he was more dejected. It happened even (very rarely however) that Fyodor Pavlovitch went at night to the lodge to wake Grigory and fetch him for a moment. When the old man came, Fyodor Pavlovitch would begin talking about the most trivial matters, and would soon let him go again, sometimes even with a jest. And after he had gone, Fyodor Pavlovitch would get into bed with a curse and sleep the sleep of the just. Something of the same sort had happened to Fyodor Pavlovitch on Alyosha's arrival. Alyosha "pierced his heart" by "living with him, seeing everything and blaming nothing." Moreover, Alyosha brought with him something his father had never known before: a complete absence of contempt for him and an invariable kindness, a perfectly natural unaffected devotion to the old man who deserved it so little. All this was a complete surprise to the old profligate, who had dropped all family ties. It was a new and surprising experience for him, who had till then loved nothing but "evil." When Alyosha had left him, he confessed to himself that he had learnt something he had not till then been willing to learn.

Exchange - intercambio; cambiar

irrelevant - irrelevante

dejected - desanimado

fetch - ir por, ir a buscar, traer

most trivial - Más trivial

matters - importa; materia, asunto, cuestión, tema

unaffected - inafectado; indiferente

ties - corbatas; amarrar, atar

not till - no hasta

Marfa Ignatyevna was by no means foolish; she was probably, indeed, cleverer than her husband, or, at least, more prudent than he in worldly affairs, and yet she had given in to him in everything without question or complaint ever since her marriage, and respected him for his spiritual superiority. It was remarkable how little they spoke to one another in the course of their lives, and only of the most necessary daily affairs. The grave and dignified Grigory thought over all his cares and duties alone, so that Marfa Ignatyevna had long grown used to knowing that he did not need her advice. She felt that her husband respected her silence, and took it as a sign of her good sense. He had never beaten her but once, and then only slightly. Once during the year after Fyodor Pavlovitch's marriage with AdelaĂŻda Ivanovna, the village girls and women"at that time serfs"were called together before the house to sing and dance.

cleverer - más listo; ágil, hábil, listo, talentoso, habiloso

more prudent - más prudente

given in - darse por vencido, rendirse, caer en la tentación

complaint - queja, denuncia, problema, afección

respected - respetado; respeto, respetar

daily - diariamente; diario

duties - deberes; deber, obligación, cometido, menester, arancel

slightly - un poco; levemente, ligeramente

called together - Convocar, reunir

They were beginning "In the Green Meadows," when Marfa, at that time a young woman, skipped forward and danced "the Russian Dance," not in the village fashion, but as she had danced it when she was a servant in the service of the rich MiĂĽsov family, in their private theater, where the actors were taught to dance by a dancing master from Moscow. Grigory saw how his wife danced, and, an hour later, at home in their cottage he gave her a lesson, pulling her hair a little. But there it ended: the beating was never repeated, and Marfa Ignatyevna gave up dancing.

meadows - praderas; prado, vega

private - privado, privado

theater - teatro, zona

dancing master - maestro de baile

pulling - Tirando; (pull); tirar, jalar, halar, tirón, ligar

God had not blessed them with children. One child was born but it died. Grigory was fond of children, and was not ashamed of showing it. When AdelaĂŻda Ivanovna had run away, Grigory took Dmitri, then a child of three years old, combed his hair and washed him in a tub with his own hands, and looked after him for almost a year. Afterwards he had looked after Ivan and Alyosha, for which the general's widow had rewarded him with a slap in the face; but I have already related all that. The only happiness his own child had brought him had been in the anticipation of its birth. When it was born, he was overwhelmed with grief and horror.

fond of children - tener carino a los ninos

tub - cuba, tina

rewarded - recompensado; recompensa

slap - abofetada; bofetada, cachetada, abofetear, cachetear, golpear

The baby had six fingers. Grigory was so crushed by this, that he was not only silent till the day of the christening, but kept away in the garden. It was spring, and he spent three days digging the kitchen garden. The third day was fixed for christening the baby: meantime Grigory had reached a conclusion. Going into the cottage where the clergy were assembled and the visitors had arrived, including Fyodor Pavlovitch, who was to stand god father, he suddenly announced that the baby "ought not to be christened at all." He announced this quietly, briefly, forcing out his words, and gazing with dull intentness at the priest.

kept away - mantenerse a distancia

digging - Cavando; (dig) Cavando

kitchen garden - huerto

clergy - clero

assembled - montado; ensamblar, construir, montar, reunir, juntar

briefly - revemente; concisamente

forcing - forzando; fuerza

intentness - Intención

"Why not?" asked the priest with goodhumored surprise.

"Because it's a dragon," muttered Grigory.

Dragon - dragón

"A dragon? What dragon?"

Grigory did not speak for some time. "It's a confusion of nature," he muttered vaguely, but firmly, and obviously unwilling to say more.

vaguely - vagamente

They laughed, and of course christened the poor baby. Grigory prayed earnestly at the font, but his opinion of the newborn child remained unchanged. Yet he did not interfere in any way. As long as the sickly infant lived he scarcely looked at it, tried indeed not to notice it, and for the most part kept out of the cottage. But when, at the end of a fortnight, the baby died of thrush, he himself laid the child in its little coffin, looked at it in profound grief, and when they were filling up the shallow little grave he fell on his knees and bowed down to the earth. He did not for years afterwards mention his child, nor did Marfa speak of the baby before him, and, even if Grigory were not present, she never spoke of it above a whisper. Marfa observed that, from the day of the burial, he devoted himself to "religion," and took to reading the Lives of the Saints, for the most part sitting alone and in silence, and always putting on his big, round, silverrimmed spectacles.

font - fuente

interfere - panish: t-needed

infant - nino; nene, infante

notice - aviso; comunicación, notificación, darse cuenta, advertir

Thrush - HRUSH

filling up - se está llenando

shallow - poco profundo, superficial, desinteresante, poco profundo (1

burial - entierro, soterramiento, enterramiento, sepultura

religion - religión

putting on - poniendo

spectacles - gafas; espectáculo, papelón

He rarely read aloud, only perhaps in Lent. He was fond of the Book of Job, and had somehow got hold of a copy of the sayings and sermons of "the Godfearing Father Isaac the Syrian," which he read persistently for years together, understanding very little of it, but perhaps prizing and loving it the more for that. Of late he had begun to listen to the doctrines of the sect of Flagellants settled in the neighborhood. He was evidently shaken by them, but judged it unfitting to go over to the new faith. His habit of theological reading gave him an expression of still greater gravity.

read aloud - leer en voz alta

lent - Prestado; (lend) Prestado

copy - copia, ejemplar, copiar, imitar, recibir

Sermons - sermones; sermón

Isaac - Isaac

Syrian - sirio

persistently - perseverantemente; persistentemente

prizing - premio; abrir/levantar con palanca, forzar

sect - secta, culto

settled - resuelto; instalar, colocar

unfitting - inadaptado; impropio

He was perhaps predisposed to mysticism. And the birth of his deformed child, and its death, had, as though by special design, been accompanied by another strange and marvelous event, which, as he said later, had left a "stamp" upon his soul. It happened that, on the very night after the burial of his child, Marfa was awakened by the wail of a newborn baby. She was frightened and waked her husband. He listened and said he thought it was more like some one groaning, "it might be a woman." He got up and dressed. It was a rather warm night in May. As he went down the steps, he distinctly heard groans coming from the garden. But the gate from the yard into the garden was locked at night, and there was no other way of entering it, for it was enclosed all round by a strong, high fence. Going back into the house, Grigory lighted a lantern, took the garden key, and taking no notice of the hysterical fears of his wife, who was still persuaded that she heard a child crying, and that it was her own baby crying and calling for her, went into the garden in silence. There he heard at once that the groans came from the bathhouse that stood near the garden gate, and that they were the groans of a woman.

predisposed - Predisponer

special design - un diseno especial

marvelous - maravilloso

Stamp - estampado, sello, timbrar, franquear

groaning - gimiendo; gemidor, gemebundo; (groan); gemido, grunido, gemir

groans - gimoteos; gemido, grunido, gemir, grunir

locked - cerrado; cerradura

fence - valla; cerca, cerramiento, barda, perista

lantern - farol, linterna

fears - miedos; miedo, temor

Opening the door of the bathhouse, he saw a sight which petrified him. An idiot girl, who wandered about the streets and was known to the whole town by the nickname of Lizaveta Smerdyastchaya (Stinking Lizaveta), had got into the bath house and had just given birth to a child. She lay dying with the baby beside her. She said nothing, for she had never been able to speak. But her story needs a chapter to itself.

Petrified - petrificado; petrificar

idiot - idiota

wandered - deambuló; vagar, divagar, errar, deambular, enganar

nickname - apodo, mote, sobrenombre

stinking - apestoso; (stink); heder, apestar, cantar, oler a podrido (3)

Chapter II. Lizaveta

There was one circumstance which struck Grigory particularly, and confirmed a very unpleasant and revolting suspicion. This Lizaveta was a dwarfish creature, "not five foot within a wee bit," as many of the pious old women said pathetically about her, after her death. Her broad, healthy, red face had a look of blank idiocy and the fixed stare in her eyes was unpleasant, in spite of their meek expression. She wandered about, summer and winter alike, barefooted, wearing nothing but a hempen smock. Her coarse, almost black hair curled like lamb's wool, and formed a sort of huge cap on her head. It was always crusted with mud, and had leaves, bits of stick, and shavings clinging to it, as she always slept on the ground and in the dirt. Her father, a homeless, sickly drunkard, called Ilya, had lost everything and lived many years as a workman with some welltodo tradespeople. Her mother had long been dead. Spiteful and diseased, Ilya used to beat Lizaveta inhumanly whenever she returned to him. But she rarely did so, for every one in the town was ready to look after her as being an idiot, and so specially dear to God. Ilya's employers, and many others in the town, especially of the tradespeople, tried to clothe her better, and always rigged her out with high boots and sheepskin coat for the winter. But, although she allowed them to dress her up without resisting, she usually went away, preferably to the cathedral porch, and taking off all that had been given her"kerchief, sheepskin, skirt or boots"she left them there and walked away barefoot in her smock as before. It happened on one occasion that a new governor of the province, making a tour of inspection in our town, saw Lizaveta, and was wounded in his tenderest susceptibilities. And though he was told she was an idiot, he pronounced that for a young woman of twenty to wander about in nothing but a smock was a breach of the proprieties, and must not occur again.

confirmed - confirmado; confirmar

unpleasant - desagradable, desapacible

suspicion - sospecha, suspicacia

blank - en blanco, virgen, de fogueo, espacio en blanco, espacio

idiocy - idiotez

barefooted - descalzo

curled - rizado; rizo, bucle, flexión

lamb - cordero, carne de cordero, borrego, borrega

Wool - lana

crusted - con costra; costra, corteza, corteza

mud - barro, lodo

bits - bits; pedacito

shavings - virutas; viruta

clinging to - aferrarse a

slept on - consultar algo con la almohada

homeless - sin hogar, vagabundo, desalojado, sintecho

spiteful - malévolo, rencoroso, venenoso

diseased - enfermo; enfermedad, dolencia

inhumanly - de forma inhumana

employers - empleadores; empleador

clothe - ropa; vestir

rigged - arreglado; aparejar

sheepskin - piel de oveja; carnero, badana, zalea

resisting - resistiendo; resistir, panish: t-needed

preferably - preferiblemente

cathedral - catedral

porch - pórtico, porche

taking off - despegando

governor - gobernador, gobernadora

Tour - gira; viaje, excursión

inspection - inspección

tenderest - más tierno; tierno

susceptibilities - susceptibilidades; susceptibilidad

wander about - vagar por ahí

breach - brecha, violación, batería, boquete, disolución, quebrada

proprieties - propiedades; aptitud, propiedad

occur - ocurren; ocurrir, acaecer, presentar

But the governor went his way, and Lizaveta was left as she was. At last her father died, which made her even more acceptable in the eyes of the religious persons of the town, as an orphan. In fact, every one seemed to like her; even the boys did not tease her, and the boys of our town, especially the schoolboys, are a mischievous set. She would walk into strange houses, and no one drove her away. Every one was kind to her and gave her something. If she were given a copper, she would take it, and at once Drop it in the almsjug of the church or prison. If she were given a roll or bun in the market, she would hand it to the first child she met. Sometimes she would stop one of the richest ladies in the town and give it to her, and the lady would be pleased to take it. She herself never tasted anything but black bread and water. If she went into an expensive shop, where there were costly goods or money lying about, no one kept watch on her, for they knew that if she saw thousands of roubles overlooked by them, she would not have touched a farthing. She scarcely ever went to church. She slept either in the church porch or climbed over a hurdle (there are many hurdles instead of fences to this day in our town) into a kitchen garden. She used at least once a week to turn up "at home," that is at the house of her father's former employers, and in the winter went there every night, and slept either in the passage or the cowhouse. People were amazed that she could stand such a life, but she was accustomed to it, and, although she was so tiny, she was of a robust constitution. Some of the townspeople declared that she did all this only from pride, but that is hardly credible. She could hardly speak, and only from time to time uttered an inarticulate grunt. How could she have been proud?

acceptable - aceptable, asumible

tease - bromear; cardar, peinar, burlarse de, molestar, tomar el pelo

mischievous - pícaro, travieso

copper - cobre

Drop it - Soltarlo; dejarlo

roll - rodar; rollo

bun - panecillo; bollo

tasted - probado; gusto, gusto, gustos, muestra, gustar, probar, catar

overlooked - pasado por alto; mirador, pasar por alto, otear

hurdles - obstáculos; valla

fences - vallas; cerca, cerramiento, barda, perista

cowhouse - Vaquería

accustomed - acostumbrado; acostumbrarse, habituar

robust - robusto

constitution - constitución, constituciones

credible - creíble

grunt - grunido; grunido, currito, machaca, grunir

It happened one clear, warm, moonlight night in September (many years ago) five or six drunken revelers were returning from the club at a very late hour, according to our provincial notions. They passed through the "back way," which led between the back gardens of the houses, with hurdles on either side. This way leads out on to the bridge over the long, stinking pool which we were accustomed to call a river. Among the nettles and burdocks under the hurdle our revelers saw Lizaveta asleep. They stopped to look at her, laughing, and began jesting with unbridled licentiousness. It occurred to one young gentleman to make the whimsical inquiry whether any one could possibly look upon such an animal as a woman, and so forth.... They all pronounced with lofty repugnance that it was impossible. But Fyodor Pavlovitch, who was among them, sprang forward and declared that it was by no means impossible, and that, indeed, there was a certain piquancy about it, and so on.... It is true that at that time he was overdoing his part as a buffoon. He liked to put himself forward and entertain the company, ostensibly on equal terms, of course, though in reality he was on a servile footing with them. It was just at the time when he had received the news of his first wife's death in Petersburg, and, with crape upon his hat, was drinking and behaving so shamelessly that even the most reckless among us were shocked at the sight of him. The revelers, of course, laughed at this unexpected opinion; and one of them even began challenging him to act upon it. The others repelled the idea even more emphatically, although still with the utmost hilarity, and at last they went on their way. Later on, Fyodor Pavlovitch swore that he had gone with them, and perhaps it was so, no one knows for certain, and no one ever knew.

moonlight - la luz de la luna; luz de la luna, lunada, pluriemplearse

revelers - fiesteros; juerguista

notions - nociones; noción, ganas, intención

passed through - pasar por, atravesar

nettles - ortigas; ortiga, picar, checkirritar, checkprovocar

hurdle - obstáculo; valla

asleep - dormido

jesting - Bromeando; (jest) Bromeando

licentiousness - lujuria; licenciosidad, libertinaje, puterío

whimsical - caprichosa; caprichoso, antojadizo

overdoing - exagerar; pasarse, cocer demasiado

entertain - entretenerse

ostensibly - aparentemente; ostensiblemente

on equal terms - en igualdad de condiciones, de manera equitativa, de forma equitativa

servile - servil

shamelessly - sin vergüenza; desvergonzadamente

most reckless - el más temerario

shocked - sorprendido; conmoción, golpe

challenging - un reto; desafío, reto, disputa, impedimento, incompatibilidad

repelled - repelido; repeler

emphatically - enfáticamente

swore - lo juraste; jurar

But five or six months later, all the town was talking, with intense and sincere indignation, of Lizaveta's condition, and trying to find out who was the miscreant who had wronged her. Then suddenly a terrible rumor was all over the town that this miscreant was no other than Fyodor Pavlovitch. Who set the rumor going? Of that drunken band five had left the town and the only one still among us was an elderly and much respected civil councilor, the father of grownup daughters, who could hardly have spread the tale, even if there had been any foundation for it. But rumor pointed straight at Fyodor Pavlovitch, and persisted in pointing at him. Of course this was no great grievance to him: he would not have troubled to contradict a set of tradespeople. In those days he was proud, and did not condescend to talk except in his own circle of the officials and nobles, whom he entertained so well.

Miscreant - delincuente; facineroso

Councilor - Consejero

Tale - cuento; historia, relato

grievance - queja, agravio

contradict - contradecir, contrariar

condescend to - condescender

circle - círculo, circunferencia, esfera, curva, grupo, tertulia

officials - funcionarios; oficial, funcionario

At the time, Grigory stood up for his master vigorously. He provoked quarrels and altercations in defense of him and succeeded in bringing some people round to his side. "It's the wench's own fault," he asserted, and the culprit was Karp, a dangerous convict, who had escaped from prison and whose name was well known to us, as he had hidden in our town. This conjecture sounded plausible, for it was remembered that Karp had been in the neighborhood just at that time in the autumn, and had robbed three people. But this affair and all the talk about it did not estrange popular sympathy from the poor idiot. She was better looked after than ever. A welltodo merchant's widow named Kondratyev arranged to take her into her house at the end of April, meaning not to let her go out until after the confinement.

altercations - altercados; disputa, altercado

wench - mujerzuela; moza, criada, prostituta, negra, ir de putas

fault - defecto, falla, culpa, falta

asserted - afirmado; asegurar, aseverar, afirmar, ejercer; confirmar

culprit - culpable

conjecture - conjeturas; conjetura, suposición, especulación, teoría

plausible - es plausible; probable, plausible

estrange - extranar; alienar, enajenar

arranged - arreglado; disponer, poner en orden, arreglar

confinement - confinamiento

They kept a constant watch over her, but in spite of their vigilance she escaped on the very last day, and made her way into Fyodor Pavlovitch's garden. How, in her condition, she managed to climb over the high, strong fence remained a mystery. Some maintained that she must have been lifted over by somebody; others hinted at something more uncanny. The most likely explanation is that it happened naturally"that Lizaveta, accustomed to clambering over hurdles to sleep in gardens, had somehow managed to climb this fence, in spite of her condition, and had leapt down, injuring herself.

vigilance - vigilancia

hinted at - Insinuar, sugerir, dar a entender

uncanny - extrano; inquietante, desconcertante, extrano, siniestro

clambering - trepando; trepar

Grigory rushed to Marfa and sent her to Lizaveta, while he ran to fetch an old midwife who lived close by. They saved the baby, but Lizaveta died at dawn. Grigory took the baby, brought it home, and making his wife sit down, put it on her lap.

midwife - partera, comadrona, matrona, panish: t-needed

dawn - amanecer, alba, amanecer, aurora, madrugada

lap - vuelta; lamer

"A child of God"an orphan is akin to all," he said, "and to us above others. Our little lost one has sent us this, who has come from the devil's son and a holy innocent. Nurse him and weep no more."

So Marfa brought up the child. He was christened Pavel, to which people were not slow in adding Fyodorovitch (son of Fyodor). Fyodor Pavlovitch did not object to any of this, and thought it amusing, though he persisted vigorously in denying his responsibility. The townspeople were pleased at his adopting the foundling. Later on, Fyodor Pavlovitch invented a surname for the child, calling him Smerdyakov, after his mother's nickname.

object to - oponerse a

denying - negar

responsibility - responsabilidad

Foundling - fundador; expósito

surname - apellido

So this Smerdyakov became Fyodor Pavlovitch's second servant, and was living in the lodge with Grigory and Marfa at the time our story begins. He was employed as cook. I ought to say something of this Smerdyakov, but I am ashamed of keeping my readers'attention so long occupied with these common menials, and I will go back to my story, hoping to say more of Smerdyakov in the course of it.

employed - Empleado

occupied with - ocupado con

menials - menores; criado

Chapter III. The Confession Of A Passionate Heart"In Verse

Alyosha remained for some time irresolute after hearing the command his father shouted to him from the carriage. But in spite of his uneasiness he did not stand still. That was not his way. He went at once to the kitchen to find out what his father had been doing above. Then he set off, trusting that on the way he would find some answer to the doubt tormenting him. I hasten to add that his father's shouts, commanding him to return home "with his mattress and pillow" did not frighten him in the least. He understood perfectly that those peremptory shouts were merely "a flourish" to produce an effect. In the same way a tradesman in our town who was celebrating his nameday with a party of friends, getting angry at being refused more vodka, smashed up his own crockery and furniture and tore his own and his wife's clothes, and finally broke his windows, all for the sake of effect.

irresolute - Irresoluto

stand still - estar quieto

trusting - confiado; confianza, crédito, fiar, consorcio, trust

tormenting - Atormentando; (torment); tormento, atormentar

hasten to - apresurarse a hacer algo

shouts - gritos; grito

return home - volver a casa

peremptory - irrefutable, irrebatible, inapelable, perentorio, imperioso

flourish - florecer, prosperar, ademanes, floritura, floreo, ornamento

produce - producir, realizar, producto, producción, cosecha

celebrating - celebrando; honrar, loar, alabar, celebrar, festejar

smashed - aplastado; estrellar, destrozar, golpear, machucar

crockery - vajilla, loza

tore - Romper

Next day, of course, when he was sober, he regretted the broken cups and saucers. Alyosha knew that his father would let him go back to the monastery next day, possibly even that evening. Moreover, he was fully persuaded that his father might hurt any one else, but would not hurt him. Alyosha was certain that no one in the whole world ever would want to hurt him, and, what is more, he knew that no one could hurt him. This was for him an axiom, assumed once for all without question, and he went his way without hesitation, relying on it.

sober - sobrio, sereno, apagado

regretted - te arrepientes; lamentar, pena, pesar, arrepentimiento

saucers - platillos; platillo

axiom - axioma

hesitation - hesitación, vacilación, dudas, titubeo

relying - confiar; contar con, atenerse

But at that moment an anxiety of a different sort disturbed him, and worried him the more because he could not formulate it. It was the fear of a woman, of Katerina Ivanovna, who had so urgently entreated him in the note handed to him by Madame Hohlakov to come and see her about something. This request and the necessity of going had at once aroused an uneasy feeling in his heart, and this feeling had grown more and more painful all the morning in spite of the scenes at the hermitage and at the Father Superior's. He was not uneasy because he did not know what she would speak of and what he must answer. And he was not afraid of her simply as a woman. Though he knew little of women, he had spent his life, from early childhood till he entered the monastery, entirely with women.

disturbed - molesto; perturbar, molestar

formulate - formular

necessity - necesidad, menester

more painful - Más doloroso

He was afraid of that woman, Katerina Ivanovna. He had been afraid of her from the first time he saw her. He had only seen her two or three times, and had only chanced to say a few words to her. He thought of her as a beautiful, proud, imperious girl. It was not her beauty which troubled him, but something else. And the vagueness of his apprehension increased the apprehension itself. The girl's aims were of the noblest, he knew that. She was trying to save his brother Dmitri simply through generosity, though he had already behaved badly to her. Yet, although Alyosha recognized and did justice to all these fine and generous sentiments, a shiver began to run down his back as soon as he drew near her house.

chanced - suerte, by chance: por casualidad

imperious - imperioso

vagueness - igualdad; vaguedad

noblest - el más noble; noble

badly - malamente

sentiments - sentimientos; sentimiento

shiver - tiritando; temblar, tiritar, estremecerse

run down - se ha agotado

He reflected that he would not find Ivan, who was so intimate a friend, with her, for Ivan was certainly now with his father. Dmitri he was even more certain not to find there, and he had a foreboding of the reason. And so his conversation would be with her alone. He had a great longing to run and see his brother Dmitri before that fateful interview.

foreboding - premonitorio; mal presentimiento; (forebode); presagiar

Without showing him the letter, he could talk to him about it. But Dmitri lived a long way off, and he was sure to be away from home too. Standing still for a minute, he reached a final decision. Crossing himself with a rapid and accustomed gesture, and at once smiling, he turned resolutely in the direction of his terrible lady.

be away - está lejos

final decision - la decisión final

resolutely - Decididamente

direction - dirección

He knew her house. If he went by the high street and then across the marketplace, it was a long way round. Though our town is small, it is scattered, and the houses are far apart. And meanwhile his father was expecting him, and perhaps had not yet forgotten his command. He might be unreasonable, and so he had to make haste to get there and back.

high street - la calle principal

A long way round - un largo camino

scattered - dispersión; dispersar, esparcir, desviar

unreasonable - no es razonable; irrazonable

So he decided to take a short cut by the backway, for he knew every inch of the ground. This meant skirting fences, climbing over hurdles, and crossing other people's backyards, where every one he met knew him and greeted him. In this way he could reach the High Street in half the time.

inch - pulgada

He had to pass the garden adjoining his father's, and belonging to a little tumbledown house with four windows. The owner of this house, as Alyosha knew, was a bedridden old woman, living with her daughter, who had been a genteel maidservant in generals'families in Petersburg. Now she had been at home a year, looking after her sick mother. She always dressed up in fine clothes, though her old mother and she had sunk into such poverty that they went every day to Fyodor Pavlovitch's kitchen for soup and bread, which Marfa gave readily.

belonging - Pertenencia; (belong) Pertenencia

tumbledown - derrumbado; ruinoso

bedridden - confinado en cama, postrado en cama, encamado

generals - generales; general, general

dressed up - vestido (de), ataviado

readily - listo; fácilmente, en seguida, pronto

Yet, though the young woman came up for soup, she had never sold any of her dresses, and one of these even had a long train"a fact which Alyosha had learned from Rakitin, who always knew everything that was going on in the town. He had forgotten it as soon as he heard it, but now, on reaching the garden, he remembered the dress with the train, raised his head, which had been bowed in thought, and came upon something quite unexpected.

Over the hurdle in the garden, Dmitri, mounted on something, was leaning forward, gesticulating violently, beckoning to him, obviously afraid to utter a word for fear of being overheard. Alyosha ran up to the hurdle.

mounted - montado; montar

leaning - Inclinado; (lean) Inclinado

violently - violentamente

beckoning - haciendo senas; llamar con senas, atraer

"It's a good thing you looked up. I was nearly shouting to you," Mitya said in a joyful, hurried whisper. "Climb in here quickly! How splendid that you've come! I was just thinking of you!"

nearly - casi

joyful - alegre, gozoso

Alyosha was delighted too, but he did not know how to get over the hurdle. Mitya put his powerful hand under his elbow to help him jump. tucking up his cassock, Alyosha leapt over the hurdle with the agility of a bare legged street urchin.

elbow - codo, codazo, panish: t-needed

tucking up - remangar, arropar; esconderse

agility - agilidad

street urchin - nino de la calle, nina de la calle

"Well done! Now come along," said Mitya in an enthusiastic whisper.

"Where?" whispered Alyosha, looking about him and finding himself in a deserted garden with no one near but themselves. The garden was small, but the house was at least fifty paces away.

whispered - susurrado; susurro, rumor, rastro, susurrar

deserted - desierta; abandonar

"There's no one here. Why do you whisper?" asked Alyosha.

"Why do I whisper? Deuce take it!" cried Dmitri at the top of his voice. "You see what silly tricks nature plays one. I am here in secret, and on the watch. I'll explain later on, but, knowing it's a secret, I began whispering like a fool, when there's no need. Let us go. Over there. Till then be quiet. I want to kiss you.

deuce - Dos

tricks - trucos; truco, artimana, enganifa, treta

in secret - en secreto

Glory to God in the world,

Glory to God in me ...

I was just repeating that, sitting here, before you came."

The garden was about three acres in extent, and planted with trees only along the fence at the four sides. There were appletrees, maples, limes and birchtrees. The middle of the garden was an empty grass space, from which several hundredweight of hay was carried in the summer.

acres - acres; acre

maples - arces; arce

limes - limas; cal

grass - pasto, hierba, grama, césped

hundredweight - cien kilos; quintal

Hay - heno

The garden was let out for a few roubles for the summer. There were also plantations of raspberries and currants and gooseberries laid out along the sides; a kitchen garden had been planted lately near the house.

plantations - lantaciones; plantación

raspberries - frambuesas; frambuesa

currants - grosellas; pasa de Corinto, grosella, grosellero

gooseberries - grosellas; grosella, sujetavelas

Dmitri led his brother to the most secluded corner of the garden. There, in a thicket of limetrees and old bushes of black currant, elder, snowballtree, and lilac, there stood a tumbledown green summerhouse, blackened with age. Its walls were of latticework, but there was still a roof which could give shelter. God knows when this summerhouse was built. There was a tradition that it had been put up some fifty years before by a retired colonel called von Schmidt, who owned the house at that time. It was all in decay, the floor was rotting, the planks were loose, the woodwork smelled musty.

secluded - Aislarse

thicket - matorral, bosquecillo

bushes - arbustos; arbusto

black currant - casis

lilac - lila

tradition - tradición

retired - jubilado; retirarse, jubilarse

decay - decadencia; descomposición, deterioración, putrefacción

rotting - pudriéndose; pudrir, podrir, putrefacción, podre

planks - placas; tablón, artículo, entablar

woodwork - maderamen, maderaje, carpintería, carpintería

smelled - olía; olor, olfato, oler, husmear, oler a

musty - mohoso; rancio

In the summerhouse there was a green wooden table fixed in the ground, and round it were some green benches upon which it was still possible to sit. Alyosha had at once observed his brother's exhilarated condition, and on entering the arbor he saw half a bottle of brandy and a wineglass on the table.

benches - bancos; banco

arbor - Enramada

bottle of brandy - una botella de brandy

wineglass - copa de vino

"That's brandy," Mitya laughed. "I see your look: ˜He's drinking again!'Distrust the apparition.

apparition - aparición

Distrust the worthless, lying crowd,

And lay aside thy doubts.

I'm not drinking, I'm only ˜indulging,'as that pig, your Rakitin, says. He'll be a civil councilor one day, but he'll always talk about ˜indulging.'Sit down. I could take you in my arms, Alyosha, and press you to my bosom till I crush you, for in the whole world"in reality"in real ity"(can you take it in?) I love no one but you!"

indulging - darse un capricho; ceder, sucumbir, mimar, consentir

press - prensa; apretar, presionar

crush - aplastamiento, enamoramiento, aplastar, destripar, machacar

He uttered the last words in a sort of exaltation.

"No one but you and one ˜jade'I have fallen in love with, to my ruin. But being in love doesn't mean loving. You may be in love with a woman and yet hate her. Remember that! I can talk about it gayly still. Sit down here by the table and I'll sit beside you and look at you, and go on talking. You shall keep quiet and I'll go on talking, for the time has come. But on reflection, you know, I'd better speak quietly, for here"here"you can never tell what ears are listening. I will explain everything; as they say, ˜the story will be continued.'Why have I been longing for you? Why have I been thirsting for you all these days, and just now? (It's five days since I've cast anchor here.) Because it's only to you I can tell everything; because I must, because I need you, because tomorrow I shall fly from the clouds, because tomorrow life is ending and beginning.

ruin - ruina, desbaratar, arruinar, estropear, dar al traste

gayly - Gay

reflection - reflexión, reflejo

be continued - se continuará

longing for - Anhelar, desear, esperar

thirsting - sed, hambre, ambición, ansias, tener sed, desear

anchor - ancla

clouds - nubes; nublar

Have you ever felt, have you ever dreamt of falling down a precipice into a pit? That's just how I'm falling, but not in a dream. And I'm not afraid, and don't you be afraid. At least, I am afraid, but I enjoy it. It's not enjoyment though, but ecstasy. Damn it all, whatever it is! A strong spirit, a weak spirit, a womanish spirit"whatever it is! Let us praise nature: you see what sunshine, how clear the sky is, the leaves are all green, it's still summer; four o'clock in the afternoon and the stillness! Where were you going?"

dreamt - sonado; sueno, ensueno, sonar

falling down - caerse, colapsar, fracasar

pit - hoyo, foso, fosa

enjoyment - disfrutar; disfrute, gozo, regocijo, holganza

Damn - maldecir, condenar, reprobar, maldito, puto, malditamente

womanish - mujeril; afeminado

sunshine - sol, luz del sol

sky - cielo

"I was going to father's, but I meant to go to Katerina Ivanovna's first."

"To her, and to father! Oo! what a coincidence! Why was I waiting for you? Hungering and thirsting for you in every cranny of my soul and even in my ribs? Why, to send you to father and to her, Katerina Ivanovna, so as to have done with her and with father. To send an angel. I might have sent any one, but I wanted to send an angel. And here you are on your way to see father and her."

coincidence - coincidencia, casualidad

hungering - tienes hambre; hambre

cranny - rincón; recoveco

ribs - costillas; costilla

"Did you really mean to send me?" cried Alyosha with a distressed expression.

"Stay! You knew it! And I see you understand it all at once. But be quiet, be quiet for a time. Don't be sorry, and don't cry."

be sorry - sentir, lamentar

don't cry - No llores

Dmitri stood up, thought a moment, and put his finger to his forehead.

"She's asked you, written to you a letter or something, that's why you're going to her? You wouldn't be going except for that?"

"Here is her note." Alyosha took it out of his pocket. Mitya looked through it quickly.

looked through - revisar, buscar entre; mirar sin ver, ignorar; mirar por

"And you were going the backway! Oh, gods, I thank you for sending him by the backway, and he came to me like the golden fish to the silly old fishermen in the fable! Listen, Alyosha, listen, brother! Now I mean to tell you everything, for I must tell some one. An angel in heaven I've told already; but I want to tell an angel on earth. You are an angel on earth. You will hear and judge and forgive.

gods - dioses; endiosar, idolatrar, deificar

fishermen - pescadores; pescador, pescadora

fable - fábula

And that's what I need, that some one above me should forgive. Listen! If two people break away from everything on earth and fly off into the unknown, or at least one of them, and before flying off or going to ruin he comes to some one else and says, ˜Do this for me'"some favor never asked before that could only be asked on one's deathbed"would that other refuse, if he were a friend or a brother?"

break away - separarse, distanciarse

deathbed - lecho de muerte

"I will do it, but tell me what it is, and make haste," said Alyosha.

"Make haste! H'm!... Don't be in a hurry, Alyosha, you hurry and worry yourself. There's no need to hurry now. Now the world has taken a new turning. Ah, Alyosha, What a pity you can't understand ecstasy. But what am I saying to him? As though you didn't understand it. What an ass I am! What am I saying? ˜Be noble, O man!'"who says that?"

What a pity - qué pena

ass - culo; asno, burro

Alyosha made up his mind to wait. He felt that, perhaps, indeed, his work lay here. Mitya sank into thought for a moment, with his elbow on the table and his head in his hand. Both were silent.

"Alyosha," said Mitya, "you're the only one who won't laugh. I should like to begin"my confession"with Schiller's Hymn to Joy, An die Freude! I don't know German, I only know it's called that. Don't think I'm talking nonsense because I'm drunk. I'm not a bit drunk. Brandy's all very well, but I need two bottles to make me drunk:

hymn - himno

German - alemán, alemana, germano, germana

Silenus with his rosy phiz

phiz - fiz

Upon his stumbling ass.

stumbling - tropezando; tropezón, traspié, desliz, torpeza, tropiezo

But I've not drunk a quarter of a bottle, and I'm not Silenus. I'm not Silenus, though I am strong,[1] for I've made a decision once for all. Forgive me the pun; you'll have to forgive me a lot more than puns today. Don't be uneasy. I'm not spinning it out. I'm talking sense, and I'll come to the point in a minute. I won't keep you in suspense. Stay, how does it go?"

pun - un juego de palabras; juego de palabras, retruécano

spinning - girando; hilatura; (spin) girando; hilatura

suspense - suspenso; suspense

He raised his head, thought a minute, and began with enthusiasm:

enthusiasm - entusiasmo

"Wild and fearful in his cavern

cavern - caverna

Hid the naked troglodyte,

naked - desnudo

troglodyte - cavernícola, troglodita

And the homeless nomad wandered

nomad - nómada

Laying waste the fertile plain.

waste - residuos; desperdiciar, malgastar

fertile - fértil, feraz

plain - plano; sencillo; liso; sin ornamentos; llano (persona)

Menacing with spear and arrow

spear - lanza, jabalina

arrow - flecha

In the woods the hunter strayed....

woods - bosques; madera

Hunter - cazador, perro de caza, buscador, buscadora

strayed - se ha extraviado; extraviarse, perderse

Woe to all poor wretches stranded

woe - pena, infortunio, ay

wretches - desgraciados; desgraciado, miserable

stranded - encallado; varar

On those cruel and hostile shores!

shores - ostas; costa, playa

"From the peak of high Olympus

Peak - pico, cumbre

Olympus - Olimpo

Came the mother Ceres down,

Ceres - Ceres; (cere); Ceres

Seeking in those savage regions

regions - regiones; región

Her lost daughter Proserpine.

Proserpine - Proserpina

But the Goddess found no refuge,

goddess - diosa

Found no kindly welcome there,

And no temple bearing witness

witness - testimonio, testigo, prueba, testificar, probar, presenciar

To the worship of the gods.

"From the fields and from the vineyards

fields - campos; campo, agro, cancha, terreno

vineyards - inedos; vinedo, vina

Came no fruits to deck the feasts,

deck - baraja

feasts - iestas; banquete, festín

Only flesh of bloodstained victims

victims - víctimas; víctima, sacrificio

Smoldered on the altarfires,

Smoldered - ardiendo; arder

And where'er the grieving goddess

er - r; em

Turns her melancholy gaze,

melancholy - melancolía

Sunk in vilest degradation

vilest - más vil; vil

Man his loathsomeness displays."

loathsomeness - Asquerosidad

displays - displays; espectáculo, exposición, monitor, expositor

Mitya broke into sobs and seized Alyosha's hand.

"My dear, my dear, in degradation, in degradation now, too. There's a terrible amount of suffering for man on earth, a terrible lot of trouble. Don't think I'm only a brute in an officer's uniform, wallowing in dirt and drink. I hardly think of anything but of that degraded man"if only I'm not lying. I pray God I'm not lying and showing off. I think about that man because I am that man myself.

amount - cantidad, monto, montante, importe

uniform - uniforme, uniforme

wallowing - Revolcándose; (wallow) Revolcándose

Would he purge his soul from vileness

purge - purga, purgar, relevar, exonerar

And attain to light and worth,

He must turn and cling for ever

cling - aferrarse; engancharse, adherirse

To his ancient Mother Earth.

But the difficulty is how am I to cling for ever to Mother Earth. I don't kiss her. I don't cleave to her bosom. Am I to become a peasant or a shepherd? I go on and I don't know whether I'm going to shame or to light and joy. That's the trouble, for everything in the world is a riddle! And whenever I've happened to sink into the vilest degradation (and it's always been happening) I always read that poem about Ceres and man. Has it reformed me? Never! For I'm a Karamazov.

cleave - unirse; partir

shepherd - pastor, ovejero, pastorear

riddle - enigma; adivinanza, acertijo

poem - poema, poesía, oda

reformed - reformado; reforma, reformar

For when I do leap into the pit, I go headlong with my heels up, and am pleased to be falling in that degrading attitude, and pride myself upon it. And in the very depths of that degradation I begin a hymn of praise. Let me be accursed. Let me be vile and base, only let me kiss the hem of the veil in which my God is shrouded. Though I may be following the devil, I am Thy son, O Lord, and I love Thee, and I feel the joy without which the world cannot stand.

headlong - de cabeza

heels - tacones; talón

degrading - degradante; degradar, erosionar

accursed - exacto

vile - vil

veil - velo, velar

shrouded - encubierto; mortaja

Joy everlasting fostereth

fostereth - fomenta

The soul of all creation,

creation - creación

It is her secret ferment fires

ferment - fermento; fermentar

The cup of life with flame.

'Tis at her beck the grass hath turned

beck - a disposición de

Each blade towards the light

blade - cuchilla, hoja, cuchillo (said of a dagger), espada, pala, aspa

And solar systems have evolved

solar systems - sistemas solares

evolved - evolucionado; progresar, evolucionar, desarrollar

From chaos and dark night,

chaos - caos; (chao); caos

Filling the realms of boundless space

realms - reinos; esfera, reino

boundless - ilimitado, sin límites

Beyond the sage's sight.

sage - sabio; salvia

At bounteous Nature's kindly breast,

All things that breathe drink Joy,

breathe - respirar

And birds and beasts and creeping things

beasts - bestias; bestia, animal, salvaje

All follow where She leads.

Her gifts to man are friends in need,

gifts - regalos; regalo, obsequio, don, talento, regalar, dar

The wreath, the foaming must,

wreath - guirnalda, corona, burelete, rodear

foaming - Espumante; (foam); espuma, espumar

To angels"vision of God's throne,

To insects"sensual lust.

Insects - insectos; insecto, bicho

But enough poetry! I am in tears; let me cry. It may be foolishness that every one would laugh at. But you won't laugh. Your eyes are shining, too. Enough poetry. I want to tell you now about the insects to whom God gave "sensual lust."

poetry - poesía, poeticidad

cry - llorar, gritar, panish: t-needed

To insects"sensual lust.

I am that insect, brother, and it is said of me specially. All we Karamazovs are such insects, and, angel as you are, that insect lives in you, too, and will stir up a tempest in your blood. Tempests, because sensual lust is a tempest"worse than a tempest! Beauty is a terrible and awful thing! It is terrible because it has not been fathomed and never can be fathomed, for God sets us nothing but riddles. Here the boundaries meet and all contradictions exist side by side. I am not a cultivated man, brother, but I've thought a lot about this. It's terrible what mysteries there are! Too many riddles weigh men down on earth. We must solve them as we can, and try to keep a dry skin in the water. Beauty! I can't endure the thought that a man of lofty mind and heart begins with the ideal of the Madonna and ends with the ideal of Sodom.

stir up - provocar, suscitar

tempests - tempestades; tempestad, temporal, tempestear

fathomed - entendido; braza

riddles - enigmas; adivinanza, acertijo

boundaries - límites; frontera, límite, linde, lindero

contradictions - ontradicciones; contradicción, contrasentido

mysteries - misterios; misterio, arcano

weigh - pesar, levar, desancorar

dry - seco, secarse, enjugar

skin - piel, máscara, despellejar, desollar

Sodom - Sodoma

What's still more awful is that a man with the ideal of Sodom in his soul does not renounce the ideal of the Madonna, and his heart may be on fire with that ideal, genuinely on fire, just as in his days of youth and innocence. Yes, man is broad, too broad, indeed. I'd have him narrower. The devil only knows what to make of it! What to the mind is shameful is beauty and nothing else to the heart. Is there beauty in Sodom? Believe me, that for the immense mass of mankind beauty is found in Sodom. Did you know that secret? The awful thing is that beauty is mysterious as well as terrible. God and the devil are fighting there and the battlefield is the heart of man. But a man always talks of his own ache. Listen, now to come to facts."

renounce - renunciar (a)

be on fire - Estar en llamas, tener una buena racha

innocence - inocencia

narrower - más estrecho; estrecho

immense - inmenso

battlefield - campo de batalla

ache - dolor

Chapter IV. The Confession Of A Passionate Heart"In Anecdote

"I was leading a wild life then. Father said just now that I spent several thousand roubles in seducing young girls. That's a swinish invention, and there was nothing of the sort. And if there was, I didn't need money simply for that. With me money is an accessory, the overflow of my heart, the framework. Today she would be my lady, tomorrow a wench out of the streets in her place. I entertained them both. I threw away money by the handful on music, rioting, and gypsies. Sometimes I gave it to the ladies, too, for they'll take it greedily, that must be admitted, and be pleased and thankful for it. Ladies used to be fond of me: not all of them, but it happened, it happened. But I always liked sidepaths, little dark backalleys behind the main road"there one finds adventures and surprises, and precious metal in the dirt. I am speaking figuratively, brother. In the town I was in, there were no such backalleys in the literal sense, but morally there were. If you were like me, you'd know what that means. I loved vice, I loved the ignominy of vice. I loved cruelty; am I not a bug, am I not a noxious insect? In fact a Karamazov! Once we went, a whole lot of us, for a picnic, in seven sledges. It was dark, it was winter, and I began squeezing a girl's hand, and forced her to kiss me. She was the daughter of an official, a sweet, gentle, submissive creature. She allowed me, she allowed me much in the dark.

seducing - Seducir; (seduce); seducir

invention - invención, invento

accessory - accesorio

overflow - desbordamiento, aliviadero, escape, rebosar, colmar

framework - entramado, infraestructura, marco

threw away - se tiró a la basura

handful - manojo, punado, checkmanojo, poca cantidad

rioting - Disturbios; (riot); alboroto, tumulto, disturbios, algarada

gypsies - gitanos; gitano, gitana

be fond of - Ser aficionado a

adventures - Aventuras; (adventure) Aventuras

surprises - sorpresas; sorpresa, sorprender

precious metal - metal precioso

figuratively - figuradamente, en sentido figurado, figurativamente

literal - literal

vice - vicio; torno de banco

cruelty - crueldad

bug - chinche, bicho, error, fallo, defecto, bug, manía

picnic - jira, pícnic

sledges - trineos; trineo

submissive - sumiso, sumiso, sumisa

She thought, poor thing, that I should come next day to make her an offer (I was looked upon as a good match, too). But I didn't say a word to her for five months. I used to see her in a corner at dances (we were always having dances), her eyes watching me. I saw how they glowed with fire"a fire of gentle indignation. This game only tickled that insect lust I cherished in my soul. Five months later she married an official and left the town, still angry, and still, perhaps, in love with me. Now they live happily. Observe that I told no one. I didn't boast of it. Though I'm full of low desires, and love what's low, I'm not dishonorable. You're blushing; your eyes flashed. Enough of this filth with you. And all this was nothing much"wayside blossoms Ă  la Paul de Kock"though the cruel insect had already grown strong in my soul. I've a perfect album of reminiscences, brother. God bless them, the darlings. I tried to break it off without quarreling. And I never gave them away. I never bragged of one of them. But that's enough. You can't suppose I brought you here simply to talk of such nonsense. No, I'm going to tell you something more curious; and don't be surprised that I'm glad to tell you, instead of being ashamed."

match - coincide; cerilla, fósforo

glowed - brillaba; fulgir, fulgurar, iluminar, brillar

cherished - apreciado; mimar

boast - presumir; vanagloriarse, jactarse de, fanfarronear

blushing - Te ruborizas; (blush) Te ruborizas

filth - suciedad; mugre, porquería, inmundicia, bascosidad

blossoms - flores; flor, floración, florecer

Paul - Pablo

album - álbum

reminiscences - recuerdos; reminiscencia

darlings - queridos; querido, querida, amado, amada

quarreling - peleas; pelea, rina

bragged - se jactó; fanfarronear, presumir, jactarse, echarse flores

more curious - Más curioso

"You say that because I blushed," Alyosha said suddenly. "I wasn't blushing at what you were saying or at what you've done. I blushed because I am the same as you are."

"You? Come, that's going a little too far!"

"No, it's not too far," said Alyosha warmly (obviously the idea was not a new one). "The ladder's the same. I'm at the bottom step, and you're above, somewhere about the thirteenth. That's how I see it. But it's all the same. Absolutely the same in kind. Any one on the bottom step is bound to go up to the top one."

ladder - escalera, escalafón, carrera

thirteenth - la decimotercera; decimotercero, treceavo

"Then one ought not to step on at all."

"Any one who can help it had better not."

"But can you?"

"I think not."

"Hush, Alyosha, hush, darling! I could kiss your hand, you touch me so. That rogue Grushenka has an eye for men. She told me once that she'd devour you one day. There, there, I won't! From this field of corruption fouled by flies, let's pass to my tragedy, also befouled by flies, that is by every sort of vileness. Although the old man told lies about my seducing innocence, there really was something of the sort in my tragedy, though it was only once, and then it did not come off.

Hush - callar, callarse, calmar, acallar, silencio

devour - devorar, jambar

field - campo, agro, cancha, terreno

corruption - corrupción, corruptela, dano de datos

fouled - falta; asqueroso, fétido

tragedy - tragedia

come off - salir; bajar; triunfar

The old man who has reproached me with what never happened does not even know of this fact; I never told any one about it. You're the first, except Ivan, of course"Ivan knows everything. He knew about it long before you. But Ivan's a tomb."

reproached - reprochado; reproche, vergüenza, reprochar, avergonzar

"Ivan's a tomb?"


Alyosha listened with great attention.

"I was lieutenant in a line regiment, but still I was under supervision, like a kind of convict. Yet I was awfully well received in the little town. I spent money right and left. I was thought to be rich; I thought so myself. But I must have pleased them in other ways as well. Although they shook their heads over me, they liked me. My colonel, who was an old man, took a sudden dislike to me. He was always down upon me, but I had powerful friends, and, moreover, all the town was on my side, so he couldn't do me much harm. I was in fault myself for refusing to treat him with proper respect. I was proud. This obstinate old fellow, who was really a very good sort, kindhearted and hospitable, had had two wives, both dead. His first wife, who was of a humble family, left a daughter as unpretentious as herself. She was a young woman of four and twenty when I was there, and was living with her father and an aunt, her mother's sister. The aunt was simple and illiterate; the niece was simple but lively. I like to say nice things about people. I never knew a woman of more charming character than Agafya"fancy, her name was Agafya Ivanovna! And she wasn't badlooking either, in the Russian style: tall, stout, with a full figure, and beautiful eyes, though a rather coarse face. She had not married, although she had had two suitors. She refused them, but was as cheerful as ever. I was intimate with her, not in ˜that'way, it was pure friendship.

lieutenant - teniente, lugarteniente, checklugarteniente

refusing - te niegas; negarse (a)

treat - tratar, negociar, rogar, invitar, convidar, sorpresa

hospitable - hospitalario

illiterate - analfabeto, iletrado, ágrafo, analfabeto, analfabeta

niece - sobrina

more charming - más encantador

stout - cerveza; sólido, fuerte

suitors - retendientes; pretendiente

cheerful - alegre; animado

friendship - amistad

I have often been friendly with women quite innocently. I used to talk to her with shocking frankness, and she only laughed. Many women like such freedom, and she was a girl too, which made it very amusing. Another thing, one could never think of her as a young lady. She and her aunt lived in her father's house with a sort of voluntary humility, not putting themselves on an equality with other people. She was a general favorite, and of use to every one, for she was a clever dressmaker. She had a talent for it. She gave her services freely without asking for payment, but if any one offered her payment, she didn't refuse. The colonel, of course, was a very different matter. He was one of the chief personages in the district. He kept open house, entertained the whole town, gave suppers and dances. At the time I arrived and joined the battalion, all the town was talking of the expected return of the colonel's second daughter, a great beauty, who had just left a fashionable school in the capital. This second daughter is Katerina Ivanovna, and she was the child of the second wife, who belonged to a distinguished general's family; although, as I learnt on good authority, she too brought the colonel no money. She had connections, and that was all. There may have been expectations, but they had come to nothing.

innocently - inocentemente

shocking - impresionante; conmoción, golpe

voluntary - voluntaria; voluntario

dressmaker - odista; panish: t-needed

talent - talento, talentosos, talentoso

freely - libremente

offered - ofrecido; ofrecer

personages - personajes; personaje

open house - casa abierta

suppers - cenas; cena

battalion - batallón

fashionable - a la moda, de moda

on good authority - de buena fuente

connections - conexiones; vinculación, conexión, trabazón, ligazón

come to nothing - quedarse en nada

"Yet, when the young lady came from boardingschool on a visit, the whole town revived. Our most distinguished ladies"two ˜Excellencies'and a colonel's wife"and all the rest following their lead, at once took her up and gave entertainments in her honor. She was the belle of the balls and picnics, and they got up tableaux vivants in aid of distressed governesses. I took no notice, I went on as wildly as before, and one of my exploits at the time set all the town talking. I saw her eyes taking my measure one evening at the battery commander's, but I didn't go up to her, as though I disdained her acquaintance. I did go up and speak to her at an evening party not long after. She scarcely looked at me, and compressed her lips scornfully.

most distinguished - el más distinguido

excellencies - excelencias; excelencia

entertainments - entretenimientos; entretenimiento, espectáculo

picnics - picnics; jira, pícnic

tableaux - tableaux; cuadro, retablo, cuadro vivo

aid - ayuda, auxilio

governesses - gobernantas; institutriz

wildly - alocadamente, salvajemente

measure - medición, medida, regla, compás, medir

Battery - pila, lesiones, golpes, batería

commander - comandante

compressed - comprimido; comprimir

˜Wait a bit. I'll have my revenge,'thought I. I behaved like an awful fool on many occasions at that time, and I was conscious of it myself. What made it worse was that I felt that ˜Katenka'was not an innocent boardingschool miss, but a person of character, proud and really highprincipled; above all, she had education and intellect, and I had neither. You think I meant to make her an offer? No, I simply wanted to revenge myself, because I was such a hero and she didn't seem to feel it.

"Meanwhile, I spent my time in drink and riot, till the lieutenantcolonel put me under arrest for three days. Just at that time father sent me six thousand roubles in return for my sending him a deed giving up all claims upon him"settling our accounts, so to speak, and saying that I wouldn't expect anything more.

riot - alboroto, tumulto, disturbios, algarada

arrest - paro, arresto, detenido, parar, detener, arrestar, prender

accounts - uentas; cuenta

I didn't understand a word of it at the time. Until I came here, Alyosha, till the last few days, indeed, perhaps even now, I haven't been able to make head or tail of my money affairs with father. But never mind that, we'll talk of it later.

head or tail - Cara o cruz

"Just as I received the money, I got a letter from a friend telling me something that interested me immensely. The authorities, I learnt, were dissatisfied with our lieutenantcolonel. He was suspected of irregularities; in fact, his enemies were preparing a surprise for him. And then the commander of the division arrived, and kicked up the devil of a shindy. Shortly afterwards he was ordered to retire.

immensely - inmensamente

irregularities - irregularidades; irregularidad

enemies - enemigos; enemigo, enemiga

Division - división, parte

kicked - pateado; dar un puntapié, golpear con el pie, dar una patada a

shindy - Brillante

retire - retirarse, jubilarse

I won't tell you how it all happened. He had enemies certainly. Suddenly there was a marked coolness in the town towards him and all his family. His friends all turned their backs on him. Then I took my first step. I met Agafya Ivanovna, with whom I'd always kept up a friendship, and said, ˜Do you know there's a deficit of 4,500 roubles of government money in your father's accounts?'

coolness - guay; frescura

deficit - déficit

Government - gobierno, rección

" ˜What do you mean? What makes you say so? The general was here not long ago, and everything was all right.'

" ˜Then it was, but now it isn't.'

"She was terribly scared.

scared - asustado; (scar); asustado

" ˜Don't frighten me!'she said. ˜Who told you so?'

" ˜Don't be uneasy,'I said, ˜I won't tell any one. You know I'm as silent as the tomb. I only wanted, in view of "possibilities," to add, that when they demand that 4,500 roubles from your father, and he can't produce it, he'll be tried, and made to serve as a common soldier in his old age, unless you like to send me your young lady secretly.

possibilities - posibilidades; posibilidad

soldier - soldado, campión, soldado, militar

Unless - menos que..; a menos que, a no ser que, salvo

I've just had money paid me. I'll give her four thousand, if you like, and keep the secret religiously.'

religiously - religiosamente

" ˜Ah, you scoundrel!'"that's what she said. ˜You wicked scoundrel! How dare you!'

scoundrel - sinvergüenza; bribón, canalla, bellaco, villano

"She went away furiously indignant, while I shouted after her once more that the secret should be kept sacred. Those two simple creatures, Agafya and her aunt, I may as well say at once, behaved like perfect angels all through this business. They genuinely adored their ˜Katya,'thought her far above them, and waited on her, hand and foot. But Agafya told her of our conversation.

creatures - criaturas; criatura

adored - dorado; adorar, querer

I found that out afterwards. She didn't keep it back, and of course that was all I wanted.

"Suddenly the new major arrived to take command of the battalion. The old lieutenantcolonel was taken ill at once, couldn't leave his room for two days, and didn't hand over the government money. Dr. Kravchenko declared that he really was ill. But I knew for a fact, and had known for a long time, that for the last four years the money had never been in his hands except when the Commander made his visits of inspection. He used to lend it to a trustworthy person, a merchant of our town called Trifonov, an old widower, with a big beard and goldrimmed spectacles. He used to go to the fair, do a profitable business with the money, and return the whole sum to the colonel, bringing with it a present from the fair, as well as interest on the loan. But this time (I heard all about it quite by chance from Trifonov's son and heir, a driveling youth and one of the most vicious in the world)"this time, I say, Trifonov brought nothing back from the fair. The lieutenantcolonel flew to him. ˜I've never received any money from you, and couldn't possibly have received any.'That was all the answer he got. So now our lieutenantcolonel is confined to the house, with a towel round his head, while they're all three busy putting ice on it.

Major - mayor, comandante, mayor, mayor de edad, asignatura principal

lend - prestar

trustworthy - de fiar; fidedigno, fiable, de confianza, confiable

widower - viudo

profitable - rentable, provechoso, lucrativo, ventajoso

loan - préstamo

son and heir - hijo y heredero

driveling - Gilipolleces; (drivel) Gilipolleces

confined - confinado; confinar, encorsetar, confín, raya

towel - toalla

All at once an orderly arrives on the scene with the book and the order to ˜hand over the battalion money immediately, within two hours.'He signed the book (I saw the signature in the book afterwards), stood up, saying he would put on his uniform, ran to his bedroom, loaded his doublebarreled gun with a service bullet, took the boot off his right foot, fixed the gun against his chest, and began feeling for the trigger with his foot. But Agafya, remembering what I had told her, had her suspicions. She stole up and peeped into the room just in time. She rushed in, flung herself upon him from behind, threw her arms round him, and the gun went off, hit the ceiling, but hurt no one. The others ran in, took away the gun, and held him by the arms. I heard all about this afterwards. I was at home, it was getting dusk, and I was just preparing to go out. I had dressed, brushed my hair, scented my handkerchief, and taken up my cap, when suddenly the door opened, and facing me in the room stood Katerina Ivanovna.

orderly - ordenada; ordenado, metódico, pacífico, camillero

loaded - cargado; carga

gun - arma de fuego; pistola

bullet - bala

chest - pecho

trigger - gatillo, detonador, detonante, desencadenante, disparador

suspicions - sospechas; sospecha, suspicacia

peeped - spiado; espiar

flung - arrojado; arrojar, lanzar

threw - tiró; lanzar, tirar

hit - golpear, pegar, chocar

took away - se llevó

dusk - oscurecer; anochecer, ocaso, crepúsculo

brushed - pincel, cepillo, escobilla, brocha, cepillado, matorral

scented - con aroma; olor, esencia, olfato, fragancia, oler

taken up - se ha tomado

"It's strange how things happen sometimes. No one had seen her in the street, so that no one knew of it in the town. I lodged with two decrepit old ladies, who looked after me.

lodged - alojado; cabana, barraca, caseta, logia, madriguera

decrepit - decrépito, destartalado, venido a menos, ruinoso

They were most obliging old things, ready to do anything for me, and at my request were as silent afterwards as two castiron posts. Of course I grasped the position at once. She walked in and looked straight at me, her dark eyes determined, even defiant, but on her lips and round her mouth I saw uncertainty.

most obliging - el más servicial/ amable

grasped - comprendido; agarrar, asir, comprender, asimiento, comprensión

" ˜My sister told me,'she began, ˜that you would give me 4,500 roubles if I came to you for it"myself. I have come ... give me the money!'

"She couldn't keep it up. She was breathless, frightened, her voice failed her, and the corners of her mouth and the lines round it quivered. Alyosha, are you listening, or are you asleep?"

"Mitya, I know you will tell the whole truth," said Alyosha in agitation.

agitation - agitación, desasosiego, inquietud

"I am telling it. If I tell the whole truth just as it happened I shan't spare myself. My first idea was a"Karamazov one. Once I was bitten by a centipede, brother, and laid up a fortnight with fever from it. Well, I felt a centipede biting at my heart then"a noxious insect, you understand? I looked her up and down. You've seen her? She's a beauty. But she was beautiful in another way then. At that moment she was beautiful because she was noble, and I was a scoundrel; she in all the grandeur of her generosity and sacrifice for her father, and I"a bug! And, scoundrel as I was, she was altogether at my mercy, body and soul. She was hemmed in. I tell you frankly, that thought, that venomous thought, so possessed my heart that it almost swooned with suspense. It seemed as if there could be no resisting it; as though I should act like a bug, like a venomous spider, without a spark of pity.

bitten - mordido; morder, picar, mordida, mordedura, mordisco, picadura

centipede - centipedo; ciempiés, escolopendra

fever - fiebre, calentura

grandeur - grandeza

hemmed - con dobladillo; dobladillo

venomous - venenenoso; venenoso, maléfico

swooned - desmayado; desmayarse

spider - arana; arana

spark - chispa

I could scarcely breathe. Understand, I should have gone next day to ask for her hand, so that it might end honorably, so to speak, and that nobody would or could know. For though I'm a man of base desires, I'm honest. And at that very second some voice seemed to whisper in my ear, ˜But when you come tomorrow to make your proposal, that girl won't even see you; she'll order her coachman to kick you out of the yard. "Publish it through all the town," she would say, "I'm not afraid of you." 'I looked at the young lady, my voice had not deceived me. That is how it would be, not a doubt of it. I could see from her face now that I should be turned out of the house. My spite was roused. I longed to play her the nastiest swinish cad's trick: to look at her with a sneer, and on the spot where she stood before me to stun her with a tone of voice that only a shopman could use.

honorably - onorablemente

proposal - propuesta

kick - patear; dar un puntapié, golpear con el pie, dar una patada a

publish - publicar, divulgar

nastiest - más desagradable; sucio, menospreciable, obsceno, grosero

cad - boletero, villano

trick - truco, artimana, enganifa, treta

stun - anonadar, aturdir, pasmar, atontar

shopman - comerciante

" ˜Four thousand! What do you mean? I was joking. You've been counting your chickens too easily, madam. Two hundred, if you like, with all my heart. But four thousand is not a sum to throw away on such frivolity. You've put yourself out to no purpose.'

counting - contando; conde

madam - senora; senora, cabrona

frivolity - frivolidad

no purpose - sin propósito

"I should have lost the game, of course. She'd have run away. But it would have been an infernal revenge. It would have been worth it all.

infernal - infernal

I'd have howled with regret all the rest of my life, only to have played that trick. Would you believe it, it has never happened to me with any other woman, not one, to look at her at such a moment with hatred. But, on my oath, I looked at her for three seconds, or five perhaps, with fearful hatred"that hate which is only a hair'sbreadth from love, from the maddest love!

howled - aulló; aullido, aullar, ganir

oath - juramento, jurar

maddest - más loco; loco, trastornado, zumbado, enfadado, enojado

"I went to the window, put my forehead against the frozen pane, and I remember the ice burnt my forehead like fire. I did not keep her long, don't be afraid. I turned round, went up to the table, opened the drawer and took out a banknote for five thousand roubles (it was lying in a French dictionary). Then I showed it her in silence, folded it, handed it to her, opened the door into the passage, and, stepping back, made her a deep bow, a most respectful, a most impressive bow, believe me! She shuddered all over, gazed at me for a second, turned horribly pale"white as a sheet, in fact"and all at once, not impetuously but softly, gently, bowed down to my feet"not a boardingschool curtsey, but a Russian bow, with her forehead to the floor. She jumped up and ran away. I was wearing my sword. I drew it and nearly stabbed myself with it on the spot; why, I don't know. It would have been frightfully stupid, of course. I suppose it was from delight.

frozen - congelado; congelar

pane - panel; cristal, vidrio

drawer - cajón

banknote - billete

folded - doblado; doblar, plegar

stepping - pisando; estepa

most respectful - más respetuoso

most impressive - lo más impresionante

gazed - mirada; observar, mirar fijamente

horribly - horriblemente

sheet - hoja, folio, pliego, lámina, capa, escota

impetuously - impetuosamente

curtsey - reverencia, inclinarse, hacer una reverencia

sword - espada, gladio

stabbed - apunalado; apunalar

frightfully - Asustado

delight - disfrutar; deleite, regocijo, delicia, placer

Can you understand that one might kill oneself from delight? But I didn't stab myself. I only kissed my sword and put it back in the scabbard"which there was no need to have told you, by the way. And I fancy that in telling you about my inner conflict I have laid it on rather thick to glorify myself. But let it pass, and to hell with all who pry into the human heart! Well, so much for that ˜adventure'with Katerina Ivanovna. So now Ivan knows of it, and you"no one else."

kill oneself - suicidarse

stab - apunalar

scabbard - vainas; vaina

inner conflict - conflicto interno

thick - gruesa; grueso, espeso

glorify - glorificar

pry - hurgar; fisgonear, curiosear

adventure - aventura

Dmitri got up, took a step or two in his excitement, pulled out his handkerchief and mopped his forehead, then sat down again, not in the same place as before, but on the opposite side, so that Alyosha had to turn quite round to face him.

pulled - sacado; tirar, jalar, halar, tirón, ligar

mopped - fregado; chascona, fregar

opposite side - el lado opuesto

Chapter V. The Confession Of A Passionate Heart""Heels Up"

"Now," said Alyosha, "I understand the first half."

"You understand the first half. That half is a drama, and it was played out there. The second half is a tragedy, and it is being acted here."

drama - drama, obra teatral

"And I understand nothing of that second half so far," said Alyosha.

"And I? Do you suppose I understand it?"

"Stop, Dmitri. There's one important question. Tell me, you were betrothed, you are betrothed still?"

"We weren't betrothed at once, not for three months after that adventure. The next day I told myself that the incident was closed, concluded, that there would be no sequel. It seemed to me caddish to make her an offer. On her side she gave no sign of life for the six weeks that she remained in the town; except, indeed, for one action. The day after her visit the maidservant slipped round with an envelope addressed to me. I tore it open: it contained the change out of the banknote.

weren - lo eran

incident - incidente

concluded - concluido; concluir

sequel - secuela

sign of life - senal de vida

envelope - sobre

Only four thousand five hundred roubles was needed, but there was a discount of about two hundred on changing it. She only sent me about two hundred and sixty. I don't remember exactly, but not a note, not a word of explanation. I searched the packet for a pencil mark"nnothing! Well, I spent the rest of the money on such an orgy that the new major was obliged to reprimand me.

discount - descuento, rebaja

searched - buscado; búsqueda, buscar, inspeccionar, cachear, allanar

packet - paquete

mark - Marcos, Evangelio según San Marcos

orgy - orgía

reprimand - reprender, reprimenda

"Well, the lieutenantcolonel produced the battalion money, to the astonishment of every one, for nobody believed that he had the money untouched. He'd no sooner paid it than he fell ill, took to his bed, and, three weeks later, softening of the brain set in, and he died five days afterwards. He was buried with military honors, for he had not had time to receive his discharge.

produced - producido; producir, realizar, producto, producción, cosecha

fell ill - se enfermó

brain - cerebro, seso, sesudez

discharge - cumplir, completar, despedir, descargar, descargo, dar de alta

Ten days after his funeral, Katerina Ivanovna, with her aunt and sister, went to Moscow. And, behold, on the very day they went away (I hadn't seen them, didn't see them off or take leave) I received a tiny note, a sheet of thin blue paper, and on it only one line in pencil: ˜I will write to you. Wait. K.'And that was all.

"I'll explain the rest now, in two words. In Moscow their fortunes changed with the swiftness of lightning and the unexpectedness of an Arabian fairytale. That general's widow, their nearest relation, suddenly lost the two nieces who were her heiresses and nextofkin"both died in the same week of smallpox. The old lady, prostrated with grief, welcomed Katya as a daughter, as her one hope, clutched at her, altered her will in Katya's favor.

fortunes - ortunas; fortuna

swiftness - rapidez

lightning - un rayo; relámpago, rayo

unexpectedness - Imprevistos

Arabian - arabe; árabe

nieces - sobrinas; sobrina

heiresses - herederas; heredera

prostrated - postrado, acostado boca abajo

clutched - aferrado; agarrar

altered - alterado; cambiar, modificar, alterar

But that concerned the future. Meanwhile she gave her, for present use, eighty thousand roubles, as a marriage portion, to do what she liked with. She was an hysterical woman. I saw something of her in Moscow, later.

portion - porción

"Well, suddenly I received by post four thousand five hundred roubles. I was speechless with surprise, as you may suppose. Three days later came the promised letter. I have it with me now. You must read it. She offers to be my wife, offers herself to me. ˜I love you madly,'she says, ˜even if you don't love me, never mind. Be my husband. Don't be afraid. I won't hamper you in any way. I will be your chattel. I will be the carpet under your feet. I want to love you for ever. I want to save you from yourself.'Alyosha, I am not worthy to repeat those lines in my vulgar words and in my vulgar tone, my everlastingly vulgar tone, that I can never cure myself of. That letter stabs me even now. Do you think I don't mind"that I don't mind still? I wrote her an answer at once, as it was impossible for me to go to Moscow. I wrote to her with tears.

speechless - sin palabras, sin habla, atónito, perplejo

offers to - ofrecer

madly - locamente; alocadamente

hamper - cesta; estorbar, impedir, obstaculizar

chattel - bienes muebles; esclavo

carpet - alfombra, moqueta, alfombrar, cubrir

everlastingly - para siempre

stabs - punaladas; apunalar

I don't mind - No me importa.

One thing I shall be ashamed of for ever. I referred to her being rich and having a dowry while I was only a stuckup beggar! I mentioned money! I ought to have borne it in silence, but it slipped from my pen. Then I wrote at once to Ivan, and told him all I could about it in a letter of six pages, and sent him to her. Why do you look like that? Why are you staring at me? Yes, Ivan fell in love with her; he's in love with her still. I know that. I did a stupid thing, in the world's opinion; but perhaps that one stupid thing may be the saving of us all now. Oo! Don't you see what a lot she thinks of Ivan, how she respects him? When she compares us, do you suppose she can love a man like me, especially after all that has happened here?"

referred - referirse

borne - soportado; aguantar, soportar

"But I am convinced that she does love a man like you, and not a man like him."

"She loves her own virtue, not me." The words broke involuntarily, and almost malignantly, from Dmitri. He laughed, but a minute later his eyes gleamed, he flushed crimson and struck the table violently with his fist.

involuntarily - involuntariamente

"I swear, Alyosha," he cried, with intense and genuine anger at himself; "you may not believe me, but as God is holy, and as Christ is God, I swear that though I smiled at her lofty sentiments just now, I know that I am a million times baser in soul than she, and that these lofty sentiments of hers are as sincere as a heavenly angel's. That's the tragedy of it"that I know that for certain. What if any one does show off a bit? Don't I do it myself? And yet I'm sincere, I'm sincere. As for Ivan, I can understand how he must be cursing nature now"with his intellect, too! To see the preference given"to whom, to what? To a monster who, though he is betrothed and all eyes are fixed on him, can't restrain his debaucheries"and before the very eyes of his betrothed!

swear - jurar

baser - más bajo; base

heavenly - celestial, celeste

cursing - maldecir; (curs) maldecir

preference - Preferencia

monster - monstruo, fiera

And a man like me is preferred, while he is rejected. And why? Because a girl wants to sacrifice her life and destiny out of gratitude. It's ridiculous! I've never said a word of this to Ivan, and Ivan of course has never dropped a hint of the sort to me. But destiny will be accomplished, and the best man will hold his ground while the undeserving one will vanish into his back alley for ever"his filthy backalley, his beloved backalley, where he is at home and where he will sink in filth and stench at his own free will and with enjoyment. I've been talking foolishly. I've no words left. I use them at random, but it will be as I have said. I shall drown in the back alley, and she will marry Ivan."

rejected - rechazado; rechazar, desestimar, artículo defectuoso, marginado

hint - insinuación; pista, indicio, indirecta, buscapié, toque

accomplished - cumplido; efectuar, realizar, lograr, completar

undeserving - desmerecer

vanish - desvanecerse, desaparecer, anularse

alley - callejón; callejuela

beloved - querida; amado, querido, bienamado

stench - hedor, fetidez

free will - libre albedrío

foolishly - Tontamente

random - rondón, fulano, aleatorio, pseudoaleatorio, cualquiera, al azar

drown - ahogarse

"Stop, Dmitri," Alyosha interrupted again with great anxiety. "There's one thing you haven't made clear yet: you are still betrothed all the same, aren't you? How can you break off the engagement if she, your betrothed, doesn't want to?"

made clear - aclarar

break off - desprenderse; terminar

engagement - compromiso, conexión, atención, noviazgo

"Yes, formally and solemnly betrothed. It was all done on my arrival in Moscow, with great ceremony, with ikons, all in fine style. The general's wife blessed us, and"would you believe it?

formally - formalmente

congratulated Katya. ˜You've made a good choice,'she said, ˜I see right through him.'And"would you believe it?"she didn't like Ivan, and hardly greeted him. I had a lot of talk with Katya in Moscow. I told her about myself"sincerely, honorably. She listened to everything.

congratulated - felicitado; felicitar

There was sweet confusion,

There were tender words.

Though there were proud words, too. She wrung out of me a mighty promise to reform. I gave my promise, and here""

wrung - escurrido; torcer, retorcer

mighty - poderoso


"Why, I called to you and brought you out here today, this very day"remember it"to send you"this very day again"to Katerina Ivanovna, and""


"To tell her that I shall never come to see her again. Say, ˜He sends you his compliments.'"

compliments - cumplidos; cumplido, felicitar, cumplimentar

"But is that possible?"

"That's just the reason I'm sending you, in my place, because it's impossible. And, how could I tell her myself?"

"And where are you going?"

"To the backalley."

"To Grushenka, then!" Alyosha exclaimed mournfully, clasping his hands. "Can Rakitin really have told the truth? I thought that you had just visited her, and that was all."

mournfully - Lamentándolo

clasping - Chocando; (clasp); broche, manija, corchete, hebilla, agarrar

"Can a betrothed man pay such visits? Is such a thing possible and with such a betrothed, and before the eyes of all the world? Confound it, I have some honor! As soon as I began visiting Grushenka, I ceased to be betrothed, and to be an honest man. I understand that. Why do you look at me? You see, I went in the first place to beat her. I had heard, and I know for a fact now, that that captain, father's agent, had given Grushenka an I.O.U. of mine for her to sue me for payment, so as to put an end to me. They wanted to scare me. I went to beat her. I had had a glimpse of her before. She doesn't strike one at first sight. I knew about her old merchant, who's lying ill now, paralyzed; but he's leaving her a decent little sum. I knew, too, that she was fond of money, that she hoarded it, and lent it at a wicked rate of interest, that she's a merciless cheat and swindler. I went to beat her, and I stayed. The storm broke"it struck me down like the plague. I'm plaguestricken still, and I know that everything is over, that there will never be anything more for me.

be betrothed - estar comprometido

scare - miedo; asustar

Glimpse - un vistazo; atisbo, entrever, atisbar, vislumbrar, ojear

strike - tachar, borrar, golpear, pegar, acunar, hacer la huelga

hoarded - acaparado; provisión

rate of interest - Tasa de interés

merciless - sin piedad; despiadado, inmisericorde

cheat - enganar, estafar, timar

swindler - estafador, chapucero

plague - plaga, peste, plagar, molestar, atormentar

The cycle of the ages is accomplished. That's my position. And though I'm a beggar, as fate would have it, I had three thousand just then in my pocket. I drove with Grushenka to Mokroe, a place twentyfive versts from here. I got gypsies there and champagne and made all the peasants there drunk on it, and all the women and girls. I sent the thousands flying. In three days'time I was stripped bare, but a hero. Do you suppose the hero had gained his end? Not a sign of it from her. I tell you that rogue, Grushenka, has a supple curve all over her body. You can see it in her little foot, even in her little toe. I saw it, and kissed it, but that was all, I swear! ˜I'll marry you if you like,'she said, ˜you're a beggar, you know. Say that you won't beat me, and will let me do anything I choose, and perhaps I will marry you.'She laughed, and she's laughing still!"

cycle - ciclo

champagne - champán; Champana

stripped - despojado; quitar, desprender; arrancar; despojar

supple - flexible

curve - curva, curvas, curvar, encorvar

little foot - piecito, pie pequeno

toe - dedo del pie, ortejo

Dmitri leapt up with a sort of fury. He seemed all at once as though he were drunk. His eyes became suddenly bloodshot.

fury - furia

bloodshot - enrojecida; sanguinolento, inyectados en sangre

"And do you really mean to marry her?"

"At once, if she will. And if she won't, I shall stay all the same. I'll be the porter at her gate. Alyosha!" he cried. He stopped short before him, and taking him by the shoulders began shaking him violently. "Do you know, you innocent boy, that this is all delirium, senseless delirium, for there's a tragedy here. Let me tell you, Alexey, that I may be a low man, with low and degraded passions, but a thief and a pickpocket Dmitri Karamazov never can be. Well, then; let me tell you that I am a thief and a pickpocket. That very morning, just before I went to beat Grushenka, Katerina Ivanovna sent for me, and in strict secrecy (why I don't know, I suppose she had some reason) asked me to go to the chief town of the province and to post three thousand roubles to Agafya Ivanovna in Moscow, so that nothing should be known of it in the town here. So I had that three thousand roubles in my pocket when I went to see Grushenka, and it was that money we spent at Mokroe.

she won't - No lo hará

porter - portero; mozo de equipajes

delirium - delirio

pickpocket - carterista, bolsista, bolsear

secrecy - secreto, sigilo, secretismo

Afterwards I pretended I had been to the town, but did not show her the post office receipt. I said I had sent the money and would bring the receipt, and so far I haven't brought it. I've forgotten it. Now what do you think you're going to her today to say? ˜He sends his compliments,'and she'll ask you, ˜What about the money?'You might still have said to her, ˜He's a degraded sensualist, and a low creature, with uncontrolled passions. He didn't send your money then, but wasted it, because, like a low brute, he couldn't control himself.'But still you might have added, ˜He isn't a thief though. Here is your three thousand; he sends it back. Send it yourself to Agafya Ivanovna. But he told me to say "he sends his compliments." 'But, as it is, she will ask, ˜But where is the money?'"

receipt - recepción, recibo, resguardo, ticket, tíquet, receta

uncontrolled - ncontrolada; desaforado, descontrolado

"Mitya, you are unhappy, yes! But not as unhappy as you think. Don't worry yourself to death with despair."

Don't worry - No te preocupes

"What, do you suppose I'd shoot myself because I can't get three thousand to pay back? That's just it. I shan't shoot myself. I haven't the strength now. Afterwards, perhaps. But now I'm going to Grushenka. I don't care what happens."

shoot - disparar, lanzar

pay back - pagar, devolver, reembolsar

"And what then?"

"I'll be her husband if she deigns to have me, and when lovers come, I'll go into the next room. I'll clean her friends'goloshes, blow up their samovar, run their errands."

deigns - disenos; dignarse

lovers - amante

blow up - Explotar

samovar - samovar

errands - recados; recado

"Katerina Ivanovna will understand it all," Alyosha said solemnly. "She'll understand how great this trouble is and will forgive. She has a lofty mind, and no one could be more unhappy than you. She'll see that for herself."

"She won't forgive everything," said Dmitri, with a grin. "There's something in it, brother, that no woman could forgive. Do you know what would be the best thing to do?"

grin - sonreír abiertamente, sonreír de oreja a oreja


"Pay back the three thousand."

"Where can we get it from? I say, I have two thousand. Ivan will give you another thousand"that makes three. Take it and pay it back."

"And when would you get it, your three thousand? You're not of age, besides, and you must"you absolutely must"take my farewell to her today, with the money or without it, for I can't drag on any longer, things have come to such a pass. Tomorrow is too late. I shall send you to father."

"To father?"

"Yes, to father first. Ask him for three thousand."

"But, Mitya, he won't give it."

"As though he would! I know he won't. Do you know the meaning of despair, Alexey?"


"Listen. Legally he owes me nothing. I've had it all from him, I know that. But morally he owes me something, doesn't he? You know he started with twentyeight thousand of my mother's money and made a hundred thousand with it. Let him give me back only three out of the twentyeight thousand, and he'll draw my soul out of hell, and it will atone for many of his sins.

owes - deber, adeudar, estar en deuda

atone - expiar

For that three thousand"I give you my solemn word"I'll make an end of everything, and he shall hear nothing more of me. For the last time I give him the chance to be a father. Tell him God Himself sends him this chance."

"Mitya, he won't give it for anything."

"I know he won't. I know it perfectly well. Now, especially. That's not all. I know something more. Now, only a few days ago, perhaps only yesterday he found out for the first time in earnest (underline in earnest) that Grushenka is really perhaps not joking, and really means to marry me. He knows her nature; he knows the cat. And do you suppose he's going to give me money to help to bring that about when he's crazy about her himself? And that's not all, either. I can tell you more than that. I know that for the last five days he has had three thousand drawn out of the bank, changed into notes of a hundred roubles, packed into a large envelope, sealed with five seals, and tied across with red tape. You see how well I know all about it! On the envelope is written: ˜To my angel, Grushenka, when she will come to me.

only yesterday - Ayer mismo

Underline - subrayado; subrayar

marry me - !Cásate conmigo! (petición de mano)

packed - empacado; fardo, bulto

sealed - sellado; sello

Seals - sellos; sello

tied - atado; amarrar, atar

red tape - burocracia

He scrawled it himself in silence and in secret, and no one knows that the money's there except the valet, Smerdyakov, whom he trusts like himself. So now he has been expecting Grushenka for the last three or four days; he hopes she'll come for the money. He has sent her word of it, and she has sent him word that perhaps she'll come. And if she does go to the old man, can I marry her after that? You understand now why I'm here in secret and what I'm on the watch for."

scrawled - arabateado; garabatear

trusts - fideicomisos; confianza, crédito, fiar, consorcio, trust

"For her?"

"Yes, for her. Foma has a room in the house of these sluts here. Foma comes from our parts; he was a soldier in our regiment. He does jobs for them. He's watchman at night and goes grouseshooting in the daytime; and that's how he lives. I've established myself in his room. Neither he nor the women of the house know the secret"that is, that I am on the watch here."

sluts - putas; zorra, zorrón, puta

watchman - vigilante; guardián, celador, guarda, vigía

"No one but Smerdyakov knows, then?"

"No one else. He will let me know if she goes to the old man."

"It was he told you about the money, then?"

"Yes. It's a dead secret. Even Ivan doesn't know about the money, or anything. The old man is sending Ivan to Tchermashnya on a two or three days'journey. A purchaser has turned up for the copse: he'll give eight thousand for the timber. So the old man keeps asking Ivan to help him by going to arrange it. It will take him two or three days. That's what the old man wants, so that Grushenka can come while he's away."

timber - madera de construcción

arrange - organizar

"Then he's expecting Grushenka today?"

"No, she won't come today; there are signs. She's certain not to come," cried Mitya suddenly. "Smerdyakov thinks so, too. Father's drinking now. He's sitting at table with Ivan. Go to him, Alyosha, and ask for the three thousand."

"Mitya, dear, What's the matter with you?" cried Alyosha, jumping up from his place, and looking keenly at his brother's frenzied face. For one moment the thought struck him that Dmitri was mad.

What's the matter with you? - ?Qué te pasa?

jumping up - Saltar arriba

"What is it? I'm not insane," said Dmitri, looking intently and earnestly at him. "No fear. I am sending you to father, and I know what I'm saying. I believe in miracles."

insane - enfermo mental, loco, demente, enajenado

No fear - sin miedo

"In miracles?"

"In a miracle of Divine Providence. God knows my heart. He sees my despair. He sees the whole picture. Surely He won't let something awful happen. Alyosha, I believe in miracles. Go!"

Providence - providencia; Providence

"I am going. Tell me, will you wait for me here?"

"Yes. I know it will take some time. You can't go at him point blank. He's drunk now. I'll wait three hours"four, five, six, seven. Only remember you must go to Katerina Ivanovna today, if it has to be at midnight, with the money or without the money, and say, ˜He sends his compliments to you.'I want you to say that verse to her: ˜He sends his compliments to you.'"

"Mitya! And what if Grushenka comes today"if not today, tomorrow, or the next day?"

"Grushenka? I shall see her. I shall rush out and prevent it."

prevent - impedir, prevenir

"And if""

"If there's an if, it will be murder. I couldn't endure it."

"Who will be murdered?"

murdered - asesinado; asesinato, asesinar, cepillarse, devorar

"The old man. I shan't kill her."

kill - matar, asesinar

"Brother, what are you saying?"

"Oh, I don't know.... I don't know. Perhaps I shan't kill, and perhaps I shall. I'm afraid that he will suddenly become so loathsome to me with his face at that moment. I hate his ugly throat, his nose, his eyes, his shameless snigger. I feel a physical repulsion. That's what I'm afraid of. That's what may be too much for me."

I'm afraid that - Me temo que

ugly - feo, callo

"I'll go, Mitya. I believe that God will order things for the best, that nothing awful may happen."

"And I will sit and wait for the miracle. And if it doesn't come to pass""

Alyosha went thoughtfully towards his father's house.

thoughtfully - Pensadamente

Chapter VI. Smerdyakov

He did in fact find his father still at table. Though there was a dining room in the house, the table was laid as usual in the drawingroom, which was the largest room, and furnished with oldfashioned ostentation. The furniture was white and very old, upholstered in old, red, silky material. In the spaces between the windows there were mirrors in elaborate white and gilt frames, of oldfashioned carving. On the walls, covered with White Paper, which was torn in many places, there hung two large portraits"one of some prince who had been governor of the district thirty years before, and the other of some bishop, also long since dead. In the corner opposite the door there were several ikons, before which a lamp was lighted at nightfall .

upholstered - tapizado; tapizar

silky - sedoso

material - material, significativo, material

mirrors - espejos; espejo

elaborate - elaborar; profundizar

gilt - dorado; (gild) dorado

frames - marcos; levantar la estructura, armar, enmarcar, concebir

carving - tallar; tallado, escultura; (carve); cortar, trinchar, tallar

White Paper - informe oficial, documento oficial

torn - desgarrado; lágrima

prince - príncipe, conde, príncipe

at nightfall - al anochecer

. not so much for devotional purposes as to light the room. Fyodor Pavlovitch used to go to bed very late, at three or four o'clock in the morning, and would wander about the room at night or sit in an armchair, thinking. This had become a habit with him. He often slept quite alone in the house, sending his servants to the lodge; but usually Smerdyakov remained, sleeping on a bench in the hall.

wander - vagar, divagar, errar, deambular, enganar

sleeping on - consultar algo con la almohada

Bench - banco

hall - pasillo, salón, vestibulo

When Alyosha came in, dinner was over, but coffee and preserves had been served. Fyodor Pavlovitch liked sweet things with brandy after dinner. Ivan was also at table, sipping coffee. The servants, Grigory and Smerdyakov, were standing by. Both the gentlemen and the servants seemed in singularly good spirits.

preserves - conservas; mermelada, reserva, reserva natural, coto, terreno

sipping - bebiendo; sorbo, sorber

standing by - estar preparado; apoyar a alguien; mantenerse firme en; en espera

singularly - Singularmente

Fyodor Pavlovitch was roaring with laughter. Before he entered the room, Alyosha heard the shrill laugh he knew so well, and could tell from the sound of it that his father had only reached the goodhumored stage, and was far from being completely drunk.

shrill - chillón; estridente

"Here he is! Here he is!" yelled Fyodor Pavlovitch, highly delighted at seeing Alyosha. "Join us. Sit down. Coffee is a lenten dish, but it's hot and good. I don't offer you brandy, you're keeping the fast. But would you like some? No; I'd better give you some of our famous liqueur. Smerdyakov, go to the cupboard, the second shelf on the right. Here are the keys. Look sharp!"

cupboard - armario, vitrina, alacena

shelf - estante, balda, anaquel, entrepano, estantería, arrecife

Look sharp - darse prisa; estar elegante

Alyosha began refusing the liqueur.

"Never mind. If you won't have it, we will," said Fyodor Pavlovitch, beaming. "But stay"have you dined?"

beaming - rayos; radiante; (beam); viga, timón, radio

dined - cenamos; jaleo

"Yes," answered Alyosha, who had in truth only eaten a piece of bread and drunk a glass of kvas in the Father Superior's kitchen. "Though I should be pleased to have some hot coffee."

"Bravo, my darling! He'll have some coffee. Does it want warming? No, it's boiling. It's capital coffee: Smerdyakov's making. My Smerdyakov's an artist at coffee and at fish patties, and at fish soup, too. You must come one day and have some fish soup. Let me know beforehand.... But, stay; didn't I tell you this morning to come home with your mattress and pillow and all? Have you brought your mattress? He he he!"

boiling - hirviendo; (boil); hirviendo

"No, I haven't," said Alyosha, smiling, too.

"Ah, but you were frightened, you were frightened this morning, weren't you? There, my darling, I couldn't do anything to vex you. Do you know, Ivan, I can't resist the way he looks one straight in the face and laughs? It makes me laugh all over. I'm so fond of him. Alyosha, let me give you my blessing"a father's blessing."

vex - molestar, irritar, disgustar, afligir, atormentar, fastidiar

resist - resistir, panish: t-needed

Alyosha rose, but Fyodor Pavlovitch had already changed his mind.

"No, no," he said. "I'll just make the sign of the cross over you, for now. Sit still. Now we've a treat for you, in your own line, too. It'll make you laugh. Balaam's ass has begun talking to us here"and how he talks! How he talks!"

Balaam's ass, it appeared, was the valet, Smerdyakov. He was a young man of about four and twenty, remarkably unsociable and taciturn. Not that he was shy or bashful. On the contrary, he was conceited and seemed to despise everybody.

remarkably - otablemente; extraordinariamente

unsociable - insociable; hurano, morugo, ermitano

taciturn - taciturno

bashful - tímido

conceited - envanecido; engreimiento, vanidad, presunción, ego

But we must pause to say a few words about him now. He was brought up by Grigory and Marfa, but the boy grew up "with no sense of gratitude," as Grigory expressed it; he was an unfriendly boy, and seemed to look at the world mistrustfully. In his childhood he was very fond of hanging cats, and burying them with great ceremony. He used to dress up in a sheet as though it were a surplice, and sang, and waved some object over the dead cat as though it were a censer. All this he did on the sly, with the greatest secrecy. Grigory caught him once at this diversion and gave him a sound beating.

unfriendly - no es amistoso; antipático

mistrustfully - con desconfianza

dress up - vestir(se), ataviar(se)

surplice - sobrepelliz

censer - incensario, botafumeiro, turíbulo, pebetero

sly - astuto, pillo, listo, habilidoso

He shrank into a corner and sulked there for a week. "He doesn't care for you or me, the monster," Grigory used to say to Marfa, "and he doesn't care for any one. Are you a human being?" he said, addressing the boy directly. "You're not a human being. You grew from the mildew in the bathhouse.[2] That's what you are." Smerdyakov, it appeared afterwards, could never forgive him those words. Grigory taught him to read and write, and when he was twelve years old, began teaching him the Scriptures. But this teaching came to nothing. At the second or third lesson the boy suddenly grinned.

shrank - se encogió; contraerse, encogerse, achicarse, mermar

sulked - enfurrunada; poner cara larga, poner morros, estar enfurrunado

mildew - moho, mildiu, enmohecer

"What's that for?" asked Grigory, looking at him threateningly from under his spectacles.

threateningly - amenazadoramente

"Oh, nothing. God created light on the first day, and the sun, moon, and stars on the fourth day. Where did the light come from on the first day?"

moon - Luna

Grigory was thunderstruck. The boy looked sarcastically at his teacher. There was something positively condescending in his expression. Grigory could not restrain himself. "I'll show you where!" he cried, and gave the boy a violent slap on the cheek. The boy took the slap without a word, but withdrew into his corner again for some days. A week later he had his first attack of the disease to which he was subject all the rest of his life"epilepsy. When Fyodor Pavlovitch heard of it, his attitude to the boy seemed changed at once. Till then he had taken no notice of him, though he never scolded him, and always gave him a copeck when he met him. Sometimes, when he was in good humor, he would send the boy something sweet from his table. But as soon as he heard of his illness, he showed an active interest in him, sent for a doctor, and tried remedies, but the disease turned out to be incurable. The fits occurred, on an average, once a month, but at various intervals. The fits varied too, in violence: some were light and some were very severe.

epilepsy - epilepsia

scolded - renido; reganar, retar, renir

remedies - remedios; remedio, recurso, remediar

incurable - incurable

average - promedio; media

varied - variada; variar

violence - violencia

severe - severo, grave, austero

Fyodor Pavlovitch strictly forbade Grigory to use corporal punishment to the boy, and began allowing him to come upstairs to him. He forbade him to be taught anything whatever for a time, too. One day when the boy was about fifteen, Fyodor Pavlovitch noticed him lingering by the bookcase, and reading the titles through the glass. Fyodor Pavlovitch had a fair number of books"over a hundred"but no one ever saw him reading. He at once gave Smerdyakov the key of the bookcase. "Come, read. You shall be my librarian. You'll be better sitting reading than hanging about the courtyard. Come, read this," and Fyodor Pavlovitch gave him Evenings in a Cottage near Dikanka.

forbade - prohibido; prohibir, vedar, vetar, negar

corporal - cabo

allowing - permitiendo; dejar, permitir, conceder

Lingering - Permaneciendo; (linger); permanecer, demorar, persistir

bookcase - librería; estantería, librero, biblioteca

hanging about - frecuentar, esperar, pasar el tiempo

He read a little but didn't like it. He did not once smile, and ended by frowning.

not once - ni una sola vez

"Why? Isn't it funny?" asked Fyodor Pavlovitch.

Smerdyakov did not speak.

"Answer, stupid!"

"It's all untrue," mumbled the boy, with a grin.

mumbled - murmuró; mascullar, mascujar, susurrar, mascujada

"Then go to the devil! You have the soul of a lackey. Stay, here's Smaragdov's Universal History. That's all true. Read that."

lackey - lacayo

But Smerdyakov did not get through ten pages of Smaragdov. He thought it dull. So the bookcase was closed again.

Shortly afterwards Marfa and Grigory reported to Fyodor Pavlovitch that Smerdyakov was gradually beginning to show an extraordinary fastidiousness. He would sit before his soup, take up his spoon and look into the soup, bend over it, examine it, take a spoonful and hold it to the light.

gradually - gradualmente, poco a poco, paulatinamente

fastidiousness - fastidio

examine - examinar, analizar, auscultar

spoonful - cucharada

"What is it? A beetle?" Grigory would ask.

Beetle - escarabajo, coleóptero

"A fly, perhaps," observed Marfa.

The squeamish youth never answered, but he did the same with his bread, his meat, and everything he ate. He would hold a piece on his fork to the light, scrutinize it microscopically, and only after long deliberation decide to put it in his mouth.

squeamish - remilgado, quisquilloso, aprensivo

fork - horquilla; tenedor

scrutinize - escrutinar; escrutar, examinar, escudrinar

microscopically - Microscópicamente

deliberation - deliberación

"Ach! What fine gentlemen's airs!" Grigory muttered, looking at him.

When Fyodor Pavlovitch heard of this development in Smerdyakov he determined to make him his cook, and sent him to Moscow to be trained. He spent some years there and came back remarkably changed in appearance. He looked extraordinarily old for his age. His face had grown wrinkled, yellow, and strangely emasculate. In character he seemed almost exactly the same as before he went away. He was just as unsociable, and showed not the slightest inclination for any companionship. In Moscow, too, as we heard afterwards, he had always been silent. Moscow itself had little interest for him; he saw very little there, and took scarcely any notice of anything. He went once to the theater, but returned silent and displeased with it. On the other hand, he came back to us from Moscow well dressed, in a clean coat and clean linen.

wrinkled - arrugado; arruga

emasculate - emasculado, castrado; debilitado, emascular, castrar

inclination - inclinación

He brushed his clothes most scrupulously twice a day invariably, and was very fond of cleaning his smart calf boots with a special English polish, so that they shone like mirrors. He turned out a firstrate cook. Fyodor Pavlovitch paid him a salary, almost the whole of which Smerdyakov spent on clothes, pomade, perfumes, and such things. But he seemed to have as much contempt for the female sex as for men; he was discreet, almost unapproachable, with them. Fyodor Pavlovitch began to regard him rather differently. His fits were becoming more frequent, and on the days he was ill Marfa cooked, which did not suit Fyodor Pavlovitch at all.

invariably - invariablemente

smart - inteligente; elegante

calf - ternero

polish - pulir; polaco, polonés, polaco

salary - salario, sueldo, salariar

pomade - brillantilla, pomada de pelo

perfumes - perfumes; aroma, perfume, perfumar

discreet - discreto

more frequent - más frecuente

"Why are your fits getting worse?" asked Fyodor Pavlovitch, looking askance at his new cook. "Would you like to get married? Shall I find you a wife?"

getting worse - empeorando

But Smerdyakov turned pale with anger, and made no reply. Fyodor Pavlovitch left him with an impatient gesture. The great thing was that he had absolute confidence in his honesty. It happened once, when Fyodor Pavlovitch was drunk, that he dropped in the muddy courtyard three hundredrouble notes which he had only just received.

absolute - absoluto, completo, pleno

confidence - confianza; certeza, certeza propia, certidumbre, confidencia

dropped in - pasar

Muddy - Fango

He only missed them next day, and was just hastening to search his pockets when he saw the notes lying on the table. Where had they come from? Smerdyakov had picked them up and brought them in the day before.

hastening to - apresurarse a hacer algo

search - búsqueda, buscar, inspeccionar, cachear, allanar

pockets - bolsillos; bolsillo, bolsa, tronera, embolsar

"Well, my lad, I've never met any one like you," Fyodor Pavlovitch said shortly, and gave him ten roubles. We may add that he not only believed in his honesty, but had, for some reason, a liking for him, although the young man looked as morosely at him as at every one and was always silent. He rarely spoke. If it had occurred to any one to wonder at the time what the young man was interested in, and what was in his mind, it would have been impossible to tell by looking at him. Yet he used sometimes to stop suddenly in the house, or even in the yard or street, and would stand still for ten minutes, lost in thought. A physiognomist studying his face would have said that there was no thought in it, no reflection, but only a sort of contemplation. There is a remarkable picture by the painter Kramskoy, called "Contemplation." There is a forest in winter, and on a roadway through the forest, in absolute solitude, stands a peasant in a torn kaftan and bark shoes. He stands, as it were, lost in thought.

morosely - Morosamente

contemplation - contemplación

painter - Pintor

roadway - carretera, calzada

solitude - soledad, solitud

kaftan - caftán

Yet he is not thinking; he is "contemplating." If any one touched him he would start and look at one as though awakening and bewildered. It's true he would come to himself immediately; but if he were asked what he had been thinking about, he would remember nothing. Yet probably he has, hidden within himself, the impression which had dominated him during the period of contemplation. Those impressions are dear to him and no doubt he hoards them imperceptibly, and even unconsciously. How and why, of course, he does not know either. He may suddenly, after hoarding impressions for many years, abandon everything and go off to Jerusalem on a pilgrimage for his soul's salvation, or perhaps he will suddenly set fire to his native village, and perhaps do both. There are a good many "contemplatives" among the peasantry. Well, Smerdyakov was probably one of them, and he probably was greedily hoarding up his impressions, hardly knowing why.

awakening - despertar; (awaken); despertar, despertarse

dominated - Dominar

impressions - impresiones; impresión

hoards - acaparamientos; provisión

imperceptibly - imperceptiblemente

native - natal, indígena, originario, nativo, oriundo, indígena

contemplatives - contemplativos; contemplativo

Chapter VII. The Controversy

controversy - controversia, polémica

But Balaam's ass had suddenly spoken. The subject was a strange one. Grigory had gone in the morning to make purchases, and had heard from the shopkeeper Lukyanov the story of a Russian soldier which had appeared in the newspaper of that day. This soldier had been taken prisoner in some remote part of Asia, and was threatened with an immediate agonizing death if he did not renounce Christianity and follow Islam. He refused to deny his faith, and was tortured, flayed alive, and died, praising and glorifying Christ. Grigory had related the story at table. Fyodor Pavlovitch always liked, over the dessert after dinner, to laugh and talk, if only with Grigory. This afternoon he was in a particularly goodhumored and expansive mood.

purchases - compras; compra, adquisición, comprar

shopkeeper - comerciante, tendero, tendera

prisoner - prisionero, preso

Asia - Asia

threatened - amenazado; amenazar

Islam - islamismo, islam

deny - negar

tortured - torturado; tortura, suplicio, torturar

flayed - Desollar

praising - alabando; (praise); alabanza, loa, enaltecimiento, elogio

glorifying - glorificando; glorificar

dessert - dulce, postre

Sipping his brandy and listening to the story, he observed that they ought to make a saint of a soldier like that, and to take his skin to some monastery. "That would make the people flock, and bring the money in."

flock - rebano, bandada

Grigory frowned, seeing that Fyodor Pavlovitch was by no means touched, but, as usual, was beginning to scoff. At that moment Smerdyakov, who was standing by the door, smiled. Smerdyakov often waited at table towards the end of dinner, and since Ivan's arrival in our town he had done so every day.

scoff - se burla; mofarse, burlarse

"What are you grinning at?" asked Fyodor Pavlovitch, catching the smile instantly, and knowing that it referred to Grigory.

grinning at - sonreír a

"Well, my opinion is," Smerdyakov began suddenly and unexpectedly in a loud voice, "that if that laudable soldier's exploit was so very great there would have been, to my thinking, no sin in it if he had on such an emergency renounced, so to speak, the name of Christ and his own christening, to save by that same his life, for good deeds, by which, in the course of years to expiate his cowardice."

loud - en voz alta; alto

exploit - explotar; hazana, proeza, gesta, heroicidad

emergency - emergencia, urgencia, urgencias, emergencias

renounced - renunció; renunciar (a)

good deeds - buenas acciones

cowardice - cobardía

"How could it not be a sin? You're talking nonsense. For that you'll go straight to hell and be roasted there like mutton," put in Fyodor Pavlovitch.

Roasted - asar, rostir, planchar, brindis cómico, vejamen, carne asada

mutton - ovino; cordero

It was at this point that Alyosha came in, and Fyodor Pavlovitch, as we have seen, was highly delighted at his appearance.

"We're on your subject, your subject," he chuckled gleefully, making Alyosha sit down to listen.

chuckled - se rió; reírse (entre dientes)

gleefully - con alegría

"As for mutton, that's not so, and there'll be nothing there for this, and there shouldn't be either, if it's according to justice," Smerdyakov maintained stoutly.

stoutly - con fuerza

"How do you mean ˜according to justice'?" Fyodor Pavlovitch cried still more gayly, nudging Alyosha with his knee.

nudging - un empujón; pequeno empujón, empujoncito

"He's a rascal, that's what he is!" burst from Grigory. He looked Smerdyakov wrathfully in the face.

rascal - granuja; pícaro, bribón, canalla

burst - reventar, romper, ráfaga, estallo, reventón

wrathfully - con ira

"As for being a rascal, wait a little, Grigory Vassilyevitch," answered Smerdyakov with perfect composure. "You'd better consider yourself that, once I am taken prisoner by the enemies of the Christian race, and they demand from me to curse the name of God and to renounce my holy christening, I am fully entitled to act by my own reason, since there would be no sin in it."

Consider - considerar, barajar, sopesar, observar

race - carrera

demand from - demanda de

fully entitled - con todo el derecho

"But you've said that before. Don't waste words. Prove it," cried Fyodor Pavlovitch.

"Soupmaker!" muttered Grigory contemptuously.

"As for being a soupmaker, wait a bit, too, and consider for yourself, Grigory Vassilyevitch, without abusing me. For as soon as I say to those enemies, ˜No, I'm not a Christian, and I curse my true God,'then at once, by God's high judgment, I become immediately and specially anathema accursed, and am cut off from the Holy Church, exactly as though I were a heathen, so that at that very instant, not only when I say it aloud, but when I think of saying it, before a quarter of a second has passed, I am cut off.

anathema - anatema

Is that so or not, Grigory Vassilyevitch?"

He addressed Grigory with obvious satisfaction, though he was really answering Fyodor Pavlovitch's questions, and was well aware of it, and intentionally pretending that Grigory had asked the questions.

obvious - obvio, evidente

satisfaction - satisfacción, satisfacción

pretending - fingiendo; fingir, de mentirijillas

"Ivan," cried Fyodor Pavlovitch suddenly, "stoop down for me to whisper. He's got this all up for your benefit. He wants you to praise him. Praise him."

stoop - inclinarse, agacharse

benefit - beneficio, ventaja, prestación, beneficiar

Ivan listened with perfect seriousness to his father's excited whisper.

"Stay, Smerdyakov, be quiet a minute," cried Fyodor Pavlovitch once more. "Ivan, your ear again."

Ivan bent down again with a perfectly grave face.

"I love you as I do Alyosha. Don't think I don't love you. Some brandy?"

"Yes."But you're rather drunk yourself," thought Ivan, looking steadily at his father.

steadily - De forma constante

He was watching Smerdyakov with great curiosity.

"You're anathema accursed, as it is," Grigory suddenly burst out, "and how dare you argue, you rascal, after that, if""

"Don't scold him, Grigory, don't scold him," Fyodor Pavlovitch cut him short.

scold - reganar; reganar, retar, renir

"You should wait, Grigory Vassilyevitch, if only a short time, and listen, for I haven't finished all I had to say. For at the very moment I become accursed, at that same highest moment, I become exactly like a heathen, and my christening is taken off me and becomes of no avail. Isn't that so?"

taken off - quitado

avail - aprovechar, servir

"Make haste and finish, my boy," Fyodor Pavlovitch urged him, sipping from his wineglass with relish.

relish - saborear

"And if I've ceased to be a Christian, then I told no lie to the enemy when they asked whether I was a Christian or not a Christian, seeing I had already been relieved by God Himself of my Christianity by reason of the thought alone, before I had time to utter a word to the enemy. And if I have already been discharged, in what manner and with what sort of justice can I be held responsible as a Christian in the other world for having denied Christ, when, through the very thought alone, before denying Him I had been relieved from my christening? If I'm no longer a Christian, then I can't renounce Christ, for I've nothing then to renounce. Who will hold an unclean Tatar responsible, Grigory Vassilyevitch, even in heaven, for not having been born a Christian?

relieved - aliviado; aliviar, relevar

responsible - responsable, de responsabilidad, responsable

denied - negado; negar

Tatar - Tártaro

And who would punish him for that, considering that you can't take two skins off one ox? For God Almighty Himself, even if He did make the Tatar responsible, when he dies would give him the smallest possible punishment, I imagine (since he must be punished), judging that he is not to blame if he has come into the world an unclean heathen, from heathen parents. The Lord God can't surely take a Tatar and say he was a Christian? That would mean that the Almighty would tell a real untruth. And can the Lord of Heaven and earth tell a lie, even in one word?"

punish - castigar, punir, maltratar

skins - pieles; piel, máscara, despellejar, desollar

ox - buey

Almighty - omnipotente, todopoderoso

smallest possible - el más pequeno posible

judging - juzgando; juzgar

tell a lie - dice una mentira

Grigory was thunderstruck and looked at the orator, his eyes nearly starting out of his head. Though he did not clearly understand what was said, he had caught something in this rigmarole, and stood, looking like a man who has just hit his head against a wall. Fyodor Pavlovitch emptied his glass and went off into his shrill laugh.

orator - orador, oradora

emptied - vaciado; vacío, vaciar

"Alyosha! Alyosha! What do you say to that! Ah, you casuist! He must have been with the Jesuits, somewhere, Ivan. Oh, you stinking Jesuit, who taught you? But you're talking nonsense, you casuist, nonsense, nonsense, nonsense. Don't cry, Grigory, we'll reduce him to smoke and ashes in a moment. Tell me this, O ass; you may be right before your enemies, but you have renounced your faith all the same in your own heart, and you say yourself that in that very hour you became anathema accursed.

casuist - casuista

Jesuits - jesuitas; jesuita

reduce - reducir, mermar, checkreducir, checkdisminuir, checkrebajar

smoke - fumar; humo

ashes - cenizas; ceniza

And if once you're anathema they won't pat you on the head for it in hell. What do you say to that, my fine Jesuit?"

Pat - palmadita, caricia

head for - Dirigirse a

Jesuit - jesuita

"There is no doubt that I have renounced it in my own heart, but there was no special sin in that. Or if there was sin, it was the most ordinary."

most ordinary - el más ordinario/común

"How's that the most ordinary?"

"You lie, accursed one!" hissed Grigory.

"Consider yourself, Grigory Vassilyevitch," Smerdyakov went on, staid and unruffled, conscious of his triumph, but, as it were, generous to the vanquished foe. "Consider yourself, Grigory Vassilyevitch; it is said in the Scripture that if you have faith, even as a mustard seed, and bid a mountain move into the sea, it will move without the least delay at your bidding. Well, Grigory Vassilyevitch, if I'm without faith and you have so great a faith that you are continually swearing at me, you try yourself telling this mountain, not to move into the sea for that's a long way off, but even to our stinking little river which runs at the bottom of the garden. You'll see for yourself that it won't budge, but will remain just where it is however much you shout at it, and that shows, Grigory Vassilyevitch, that you haven't faith in the proper manner, and only abuse others about it.

unruffled - Desarrugarse

vanquished - vencidos; vencer

foe - enemigo

mustard seed - semilla de mostaza

delay - retraso; aplazar, retrasar

bidding - Pujando; (bid) Pujando

budge - ceder; mover

shout at - Gritar a

Again, taking into consideration that no one in our day, not only you, but actually no one, from the highest person to the lowest peasant, can shove mountains into the sea"except perhaps some one man in the world, or, at most, two, and they most likely are saving their souls in secret somewhere in the Egyptian desert, so you wouldn't find them"if so it be, if all the rest have no faith, will God curse all the rest? that is, the population of the whole earth, except about two hermits in the desert, and in His wellknown mercy will He not forgive one of them? And so I'm persuaded that though I may once have doubted I shall be forgiven if I shed tears of repentance."

lowest - más bajo; bajo

shove - empujar

Egyptian - egipcio, egipciano, egipcio, egipcia

population - población

hermits - ermitanos; ermitano

doubted - dudaba; dudar, duda, incertidumbre

"Stay!" cried Fyodor Pavlovitch, in a transport of delight. "So you do suppose there are two who can move mountains? Ivan, make a note of it, write it down. There you have the Russian all over!"

transport - transportar, exiliar, transporte, deportado

move mountains - mover montanas

"You're quite right in saying it's characteristic of the people's faith," Ivan assented, with an approving smile.

approving - aprobando; aprobar; tener un buen concepto de

"You agree. Then it must be so, if you agree. It's true, isn't it, Alyosha? That's the Russian faith all over, isn't it?"

"No, Smerdyakov has not the Russian faith at all," said Alyosha firmly and gravely.

gravely - gravemente

"I'm not talking about his faith. I mean those two in the desert, only that idea. Surely that's Russian, isn't it?"

"Yes, that's purely Russian," said Alyosha smiling.

purely - Puramente

"Your words are worth a gold piece, O ass, and I'll give it to you today. But as to the rest you talk nonsense, nonsense, nonsense. Let me tell you, stupid, that we here are all of little faith, only from carelessness, because we haven't time; things are too much for us, and, in the second place, the Lord God has given us so little time, only twentyfour hours in the day, so that one hasn't even time to get sleep enough, much less to repent of one's sins.

gold - oro

repent - arrepentirse

While you have denied your faith to your enemies when you'd nothing else to think about but to show your faith! So I consider, brother, that it constitutes a sin."

constitutes - constituye; constituir

"Constitute a sin it may, but consider yourself, Grigory Vassilyevitch, that it only extenuates it, if it does constitute. If I had believed then in very truth, as I ought to have believed, then it really would have been sinful if I had not faced tortures for my faith, and had gone over to the pagan Mohammedan faith. But, of course, it wouldn't have come to torture then, because I should only have had to say at that instant to the mountain, ˜Move and crush the tormentor,'and it would have moved and at the very instant have crushed him like a blackbeetle, and I should have walked away as though nothing had happened, praising and glorifying God. But, suppose at that very moment I had tried all that, and cried to that mountain, ˜Crush these tormentors,'and it hadn't crushed them, how could I have helped doubting, pray, at such a time, and at such a dread hour of mortal terror? And apart from that, I should know already that I could not attain to the fullness of the Kingdom of Heaven (for since the mountain had not moved at my word, they could not think very much of my faith up aloft, and there could be no very great reward awaiting me in the world to come). So why should I let them flay the skin off me as well, and to no good purpose?

constitute - constituir

extenuates - Extenuar

tortures - orturas; tortura, suplicio, torturar

tormentors - atormentadores; atormentador

doubting - Dudando; (doubt); dudar, duda, incertidumbre

dread - miedo; temer, pavor, temor

mortal - mortal

flay - Desollar

For, even though they had flayed my skin half off my back, even then the mountain would not have moved at my word or at my cry. And at such a moment not only doubt might come over one but one might lose one's reason from fear, so that one would not be able to think at all. And, therefore, how should I be particularly to blame if not seeing my advantage or reward there or here, I should, at least, save my skin. And so trusting fully in the grace of the Lord I should cherish the hope that I might be altogether forgiven."

grace - gracias, benedícite, gracia, donaire, merced

Chapter VIII. Over The Brandy

The controversy was over. But, strange to say, Fyodor Pavlovitch, who had been so gay, suddenly began frowning. He frowned and gulped brandy, and it was already a glass too much.

strange to say - es extrano decirlo

gulped - tragado; trago, glup, tragar, zampar

"Get along with you, Jesuits!" he cried to the servants. "Go away, Smerdyakov. I'll send you the gold piece I promised you today, but be off! Don't cry, Grigory. Go to Marfa. She'll comfort you and put you to bed. The rascals won't let us sit in peace after dinner," he snapped peevishly, as the servants promptly withdrew at his word.

be off - estar ausente, ausentarse

rascals - gamberros; pícaro, bribón, canalla

peevishly - con mal humor

"Smerdyakov always pokes himself in now, after dinner. It's you he's so interested in. What have you done to fascinate him?" he added to Ivan.

pokes - pokes; meter

fascinate - fascinar

"Nothing whatever," answered Ivan. "He's pleased to have a high opinion of me; he's a lackey and a mean soul. raw material for revolution, however, when the time comes."

raw material - materia prima

"For revolution?"

"There will be others and better ones. But there will be some like him as well. His kind will come first, and better ones after."

"And when will the time come?"

"The rocket will go off and fizzle out, perhaps. The peasants are not very fond of listening to these soupmakers, so far."

rocket - un cohete; cohete

fizzle out - apagarse, caer

"Ah, brother, but a Balaam's ass like that thinks and thinks, and the devil knows where he gets to."

"He's storing up ideas," said Ivan, smiling.

storing - almacenando; depósito, almacenar, conservar

"You see, I know he can't bear me, nor any one else, even you, though you fancy that he has a high opinion of you. Worse still with Alyosha, he despises Alyosha. But he doesn't steal, that's one thing, and he's not a gossip, he holds his tongue, and doesn't wash our dirty linen in public. He makes capital fish pasties too. But, damn him, is he worth talking about so much?"

gossip - chismoso, chismosa, chisme, chismear, cotillear, chismorrear

public - público, público

pasties - Pastelito

"Of course he isn't."

"And as for the ideas he may be hatching, the Russian peasant, generally speaking, needs thrashing. That I've always maintained. Our peasants are swindlers, and don't deserve to be pitied, and it's a good thing they're still flogged sometimes. Russia is rich in birches. If they destroyed the forests, it would be the ruin of Russia. I stand up for the clever people. We've left off thrashing the peasants, we've grown so clever, but they go on thrashing themselves.

generally speaking - en general

thrashing - golpeando; paliza, jarabe de palo, golpiza

swindlers - estafadores; estafador, chapucero

pitied - compasión, piedad, lástima, pena, tener lástima

flogged - flogged; azotar

birches - abedules; abedul

destroyed - destruido; destruir, romper, destrozar, sacrificar

Forests - bosques; bosque, floresta, selva, foresta, forestar

And a good thing too. ˜For with what measure ye mete it shall be measured to you again,'or how does it go? Anyhow, it will be measured. But Russia's all swinishness. My dear, if you only knew how I hate Russia.... That is, not Russia, but all this vice! But maybe I mean Russia. Tout cela c'est de la cochonnerie.... Do you know what I like? I like wit."

measured - medido; medición, medida, regla, compás, medir

anyhow - de todos modos; de todas maneras, de todas formas, comoquiera

swinishness - Sutileza

tout - buscar, intentar captar

cochonnerie - ochonnerie

wit - agudeza, ingenio, chispa, gracia

"You've had another glass. That's enough."

"Wait a bit. I'll have one more, and then another, and then I'll stop. No, stay, you interrupted me. At Mokroe I was talking to an old man, and he told me: ˜There's nothing we like so much as sentencing girls to be thrashed, and we always give the lads the job of thrashing them. And the girl he has thrashed today, the young man will ask in marriage tomorrow. So it quite suits the girls, too,'he said. There's a set of de Sades for you! But it's clever, anyway. Shall we go over and have a look at it, eh? Alyosha, are you blushing? Don't be bashful, child. I'm sorry I didn't stay to dinner at the Superior's and tell the monks about the girls at Mokroe. Alyosha, don't be angry that I offended your Superior this morning. I lost my temper. If there is a God, if He exists, then, of course, I'm to blame, and I shall have to answer for it.

then another - Y luego otro

lads - chicos; nino, chico, mozo, mozalbete

suits - trajes; traje, terno, palo, convenir

eh - no, qué, cómo

But if there isn't a God at all, what do they deserve, your fathers? It's not enough to cut their heads off, for they keep back progress. Would you believe it, Ivan, that that lacerates my sentiments? No, you don't believe it as I see from your eyes. You believe what people say, that I'm nothing but a buffoon. Alyosha, do you believe that I'm nothing but a buffoon?"

It's not enough - No es suficiente

progress - progreso

lacerates - lacerados; lacerar

"No, I don't believe it."

"And I believe you don't, and that you speak the truth. You look sincere and you speak sincerely. But not Ivan. Ivan's supercilious.... I'd make an end of your monks, though, all the same. I'd take all that mystic stuff and suppress it, once for all, all over Russia, so as to bring all the fools to reason. And the gold and the silver that would flow into the mint!"

stuff - cosas, bártulos, cosa, coso, materia, atiborrar, rellenar

Suppress - reprimar, contener, ocultar, suprimir

silver - plata

flow - flujo; fluir

mint - menta; casa de la moneda

"But why suppress it?" asked Ivan.

"That Truth may prevail. That's why."

prevail - prevalecer, vencer

"Well, if Truth were to prevail, you know, you'd be the first to be robbed and suppressed."

suppressed - suprimido; reprimar, contener, ocultar, suprimir

"Ah! I dare say You're right. Ah, I'm an ass!" burst out Fyodor Pavlovitch, striking himself lightly on the forehead. "Well, your monastery may stand then, Alyosha, if that's how it is. And we clever people will sit snug and enjoy our brandy. You know, Ivan, it must have been so ordained by the Almighty Himself. Ivan, speak, is there a God or not? Stay, speak the truth, speak seriously. Why are you laughing again?"

You're right - Tienes razón

"I'm laughing that you should have made a clever remark just now about Smerdyakov's belief in the existence of two saints who could move mountains."

"Why, am I like him now, then?"

"Very much."

"Well, that shows I'm a Russian, too, and I have a Russian characteristic. And you may be caught in the same way, though you are a philosopher. Shall I catch you? What do you bet that I'll catch you tomorrow. Speak, all the same, is there a God, or not? Only, be serious. I want you to be serious now."

be caught - estar atrapado, pillado

"No, there is no God."

"Alyosha, is there a God?"

"There is."

"Ivan, and is there immortality of some sort, just a little, just a tiny bit?"

"There is no immortality either."

"None at all?"

"None at all."

"There's absolute nothingness then. Perhaps there is just something? Anything is better than nothing!"

nothingness - la nada; nada

"Absolute nothingness."

"Alyosha, is there immortality?"

"There is."

"God and immortality?"

"God and immortality. In God is immortality."

"H'm! It's more likely Ivan's right. Good Lord! to think what faith, what force of all kinds, man has lavished for nothing, on that dream, and for how many thousand years. Who is it laughing at man? Ivan! For the last time, once for all, is there a God or not? I ask for the last time!"

lavished - rodigado; generoso, pródigo, dadivoso, derrochador

"And for the last time there is not."

"Who is laughing at mankind, Ivan?"

"It must be the devil," said Ivan, smiling.

"And the devil? Does he exist?"

"No, there's no devil either."

"It's a pity. Damn it all, what wouldn't I do to the man who first invented God! Hanging on a bitter aspen tree would be too good for him."

"There would have been no civilization if they hadn't invented God."

"Wouldn't there have been? Without God?"

"No. And there would have been no brandy either. But I must take your brandy away from you, anyway."

"Stop, stop, stop, dear boy, one more little glass. I've hurt Alyosha's feelings. You're not angry with me, Alyosha? My dear little Alexey!"

"No, I am not angry. I know your thoughts. Your heart is better than your head."

"My heart better than my head, is it? Oh, Lord! And that from you. Ivan, do you love Alyosha?"


"You must love him" (Fyodor Pavlovitch was by this time very drunk). "Listen, Alyosha, I was rude to your elder this morning. But I was excited. But there's wit in that elder, don't you think, Ivan?"

rude - rudo, grosero, descortés, soez

"Very likely."

"There is, there is. Il y a du Piron lĂ dedans. He's a Jesuit, a Russian one, that is. As he's an honorable person there's a hidden indignation boiling within him at having to pretend and affect holiness."

pretend - fingir, de mentirijillas

holiness - santidad

"But, of course, he believes in God."

"Not a bit of it. Didn't you know? Why, he tells every one so, himself. That is, not every one, but all the clever people who come to him. He said straight out to Governor Schultz not long ago: ˜Credo, but I don't know in what.'"


"He really did. But I respect him. There's something of Mephistopheles about him, or rather of ˜The hero of our time'... Arbenin, or what's his name?... You see, he's a sensualist. He's such a sensualist that I should be afraid for my daughter or my wife if she went to confess to him. You know, when he begins telling stories.... The year before last he invited us to tea, tea with liqueur (the ladies send him liqueur), and began telling us about old times till we nearly split our sides.

split - fisura, escisión, partir, dividir, escindir, repartir

.. Especially how he once cured a paralyzed woman. ˜If my legs were not bad I know a dance I could dance you,'he said. What do you say to that? ˜I've plenty of tricks in my time,'said he. He did Dernidov, the merchant, out of sixty thousand."

cured - curado; curar, remediar

"What, he stole it?"

"He brought him the money as a man he could trust, saying, ˜Take care of it for me, friend, there'll be a police search at my place tomorrow.'And he kept it. ˜You have given it to the Church,'he declared. I said to him: ˜You're a scoundrel,'I said. ˜No,'said he, ˜I'm not a scoundrel, but I'm broadminded.'But that wasn't he, that was some one else. I've muddled him with some one else ..

muddled - enredado; mezclar, confundir, embrollar, zarabutear, machacar

without noticing it. Come, another glass and that's enough. Take away the bottle, Ivan. I've been telling lies. Why didn't you stop me, Ivan, and tell me I was lying?"

"I knew you'd stop of yourself."

"That's a lie. You did it from spite, from simple spite against me. You despise me. You have come to me and despised me in my own house."

despised - despreciado; desdenar

"Well, I'm going away. You've had too much brandy."

going away - se va a ir

"I've begged you for Christ's sake to go to Tchermashnya for a day or two, and you don't go."

"I'll go tomorrow if you're so set upon it."

"You won't go. You want to keep an eye on me. That's what you want, spiteful fellow. That's why you won't go."

The old man persisted. He had reached that state of drunkenness when the drunkard who has till then been inoffensive tries to pick a quarrel and to assert himself.

inoffensive - inofensivo

pick - pico, ganzúa, hurgar, recoger

"Why are you looking at me? Why do you look like that? Your eyes look at me and say, ˜You ugly drunkard!'Your eyes are mistrustful. They're contemptuous.... You've come here with some design. Alyosha, here, looks at me and his eyes shine. Alyosha doesn't despise me. Alexey, you mustn't love Ivan."

mistrustful - desconfiado

shine - brillar

"Don't be illtempered with my brother. Leave off attacking him," Alyosha said emphatically.

attacking - atacando; ataque, atacar

"Oh, all right. Ugh, my head aches. Take away the brandy, Ivan. It's the third time I've told you."

Ugh - qué; puf, guácala

aches - dolores; dolor

He mused, and suddenly a slow, cunning grin spread over his face.

mused - musitó; Musa

"Don't be angry with a feeble old man, Ivan. I know you don't love me, but don't be angry all the same. You've nothing to love me for. You go to Tchermashnya. I'll come to you myself and bring you a present. I'll show you a little wench there. I've had my eye on her a long time. She's still running about barefoot. Don't be afraid of barefooted wenches"don't despise them"they're pearls!"

wenches - mujeres; moza, criada, prostituta, negra, ir de putas

pearls - perlas; perla, parisienne

And he kissed his hand with a smack.

Smack - bofetada; dar una palmada

"To my thinking," he revived at once, seeming to grow sober the instant he touched on his favorite topic. "To my thinking ... Ah, you boys! You children, little suckingpigs, to my thinking ... I never thought a woman ugly in my life"that's been my rule! Can you understand that? How could you understand it? You've milk in your veins, not blood. You're not out of your shells yet. My rule has been that you can always find something devilishly interesting in every woman that you wouldn't find in any other. Only, one must know how to find it, that's the point! That's a talent! To my mind there are no ugly women. The very fact that she is a woman is half the battle ... but how could you understand that? Even in vieilles filles, even in them you may discover something that makes you simply wonder that men have been such fools as to let them grow old without noticing them. Barefooted girls or unattractive ones, you must take by surprise. Didn't you know that? You must astound them till they're fascinated, upset, ashamed that such a gentleman should fall in love with such a little slut. It's a jolly good thing that there always are and will be masters and slaves in the world, so there always will be a little maid ofallwork and her master, and you know, that's all that's needed for happiness. Stay ... listen, Alyosha, I always used to surprise your mother, but in a different way. I paid no attention to her at all, but all at once, when the minute came, I'd be all devotion to her, crawl on my knees, kiss her feet, and I always, always"I remember it as though it were today"reduced her to that tinkling, quiet, nervous, queer little laugh. It was peculiar to her. I knew her attacks always used to begin like that.

veins - venas; vena

shells - conchas; concha, cáscara, vaina, caparazón, casquete, terminal

devilishly - endiabladamente; diabólicamente

battle - batalla

discover - descubrir, destapar

grow old - envejecer

take by surprise - tomar por sorpresa

astound - asombrar, pasmar

fascinated - fascinado; fascinar

slut - zorra, zorrón, puta

jolly - alegre, divertido, gracioso

masters - maestros; senor, dueno; senora, duena

slaves - esclavos; esclavo, esclava, checkesclava

crawl - gatear; avanzar lentamente

reduced - reducido; reducir, mermar, checkreducir, checkdisminuir

tinkling - Tintineo; (tinkle) Tintineo

The next day she would begin shrieking hysterically, and this little laugh was not a sign of delight, though it made a very good counterfeit. That's the great thing, to know how to take every one. Once Belyavsky"he was a handsome fellow, and rich"used to like to come here and hang about her"suddenly gave me a slap in the face in her presence. And she"such a mild sheep"why, I thought she would have knocked me down for that blow. How she set on me! ˜You're beaten, beaten now,'she said. ˜You've taken a blow from him. You have been trying to sell me to him,'she said.... ˜And how dared he strike you in my presence! Don't dare come near me again, never, never! Run at once, challenge him to a duel!'... I took her to the monastery then to bring her to her senses. The holy Fathers prayed her back to reason. But I swear, by God, Alyosha, I never insulted the poor crazy girl! Only once, perhaps, in the first year; then she was very fond of praying. She used to keep the feasts of Our Lady particularly and used to turn me out of her room then. I'll knock that mysticism out of her, thought I! ˜Here,'said I, ˜you see your holy image. Here it is. Here I take it down. You believe it's miraculous, but here, I'll spit on it directly and nothing will happen to me for it!'... When she saw it, good Lord! I thought she would kill me. But she only jumped up, wrung her hands, then suddenly hid her face in them, began trembling all over and fell on the floor ... fell all of a heap. Alyosha, Alyosha, What's the matter?"

counterfeit - falsificación; contrahecho, falsificado, trucho, contrahechura

hang - colgar

mild - suave, leve, cálido

knocked - golpeado; golpe, golpear

spit - Escupir

heap - pila, montón, cúmulo, montículo, checkpila, amontonar

What's the matter? - ?Qué pasa?

The old man jumped up in alarm. From the time he had begun speaking about his mother, a change had gradually come over Alyosha's face. He flushed crimson, his eyes glowed, his lips quivered. The old sot had gone spluttering on, noticing nothing, till the moment when something very strange happened to Alyosha. Precisely what he was describing in the crazy woman was suddenly repeated with Alyosha.

alarm - alarma, rebato, despertador, alarma, tocar a rebato

sot - tomador, borracho, bebedor

He jumped up from his seat exactly as his mother was said to have done, wrung his hands, hid his face in them, and fell back in his chair, shaking all over in an hysterical paroxysm of sudden violent, silent weeping. His extraordinary resemblance to his mother particularly impressed the old man.

resemblance - semejanza, similitud, similaridad, parecido

"Ivan, Ivan! Water, quickly! It's like her, exactly as she used to be then, his mother. Spurt some water on him from your mouth, that's what I used to do to her. He's upset about his mother, his mother," he muttered to Ivan.

spurt - un chorro; salir a chorro, chorrear

"But she was my mother, too, I believe, his mother. Was she not?" said Ivan, with uncontrolled anger and contempt. The old man shrank before his flashing eyes. But something very strange had happened, though only for a second; it seemed really to have escaped the old man's mind that Alyosha's mother actually was the mother of Ivan too.

flashing - parpadeando; impermeabilización, flaseo

"Your mother?" he muttered, not understanding. "What do you mean? What mother are you talking about? Was she?... Why, damn it! of course she was yours too! Damn it! My mind has never been so darkened before. Excuse me, why, I was thinking, Ivan.... He he he!" He stopped. A broad, drunken, halfsenseless grin overspread his face.

darkened - oscurecido; oscurecer, obscurecer

overspread - Sobredimensionado

At that moment a fearful noise and clamor was heard in the hall, there were violent shouts, the door was flung open, and Dmitri burst into the room. The old man rushed to Ivan in terror.

noise - ruido, estrépito

clamor - clamor, alarido, clamar

"He'll kill me! He'll kill me! Don't let him get at me!" he screamed, clinging to the skirt of Ivan's coat.

screamed - gritó; grito, gritar

clinging - aferrándose; engancharse, adherirse

Chapter IX. The Sensualists

Grigory and Smerdyakov ran into the room after Dmitri. They had been struggling with him in the passage, refusing to admit him, acting on instructions given them by Fyodor Pavlovitch some days before.

struggling with - luchar con

acting on - actuar

instructions - instrucciones; instrucción

Taking advantage of the fact that Dmitri stopped a moment on entering the room to look about him, Grigory ran round the table, closed the double doors on the opposite side of the room leading to the inner apartments, and stood before the closed doors, stretching wide his arms, prepared to defend the entrance, so to speak, with the last drop of his blood. Seeing this, Dmitri uttered a scream rather than a shout and rushed at Grigory.

double - doble, doblado, bicapa, encorvado, doble, sosias, duplicar

stretching - estirar, estirarse, dar, extenderse, estirón, estiramiento

wide - ancho, amplio, lateral

scream - grito, gritar

"Then she's there! She's hidden there! Out of the way, scoundrel!"

He tried to pull Grigory away, but the old servant pushed him back. Beside himself with fury, Dmitri struck out, and hit Grigory with all his might. The old man fell like a log, and Dmitri, leaping over him, broke in the door. Smerdyakov remained pale and trembling at the other end of the room, huddling close to Fyodor Pavlovitch.

pushed - empujado; empujar

struck out - Golpear, atacar; ser eliminado; salir de viaje, empezar

log - registro; tronco, leno

leaping - saltando; saltar, brincar

huddling - chusma, amontonarse, acurrucarse

"She's here!" shouted Dmitri. "I saw her turn towards the house just now, but I couldn't catch her. Where is she? Where is she?"

turn towards - dirigirse hacia

That shout, "She's here!" produced an indescribable effect on Fyodor Pavlovitch. All his terror left him.

indescribable - indescriptible

"Hold him! Hold him!" he cried, and dashed after Dmitri. Meanwhile Grigory had got up from the floor, but still seemed stunned. Ivan and Alyosha ran after their father. In the third room something was heard to fall on the floor with a ringing crash: it was a large glass vase"not an expensive one"on a marble pedestal which Dmitri had upset as he ran past it.

dashed - dashed; raya, guion largo, carrerita, gota, pizca, lanzarse

stunned - aturdido; anonadar, aturdir, pasmar, atontar

crash - chocar; estruendo, estrépito

vase - un jarrón; jarrón, florero, vasija

marble - mármol, canica, balita

pedestal - pedestal, peana

"At him!" shouted the old man. "Help!"

Ivan and Alyosha caught the old man and were forcibly bringing him back.

"Why do you run after him? He'll murder you outright," Ivan cried wrathfully at his father.

outright - en serio; por completo, de plano, abiertamente, inmediatamente

"Ivan! Alyosha! She must be here. Grushenka's here. He said he saw her himself, running."

He was choking. He was not expecting Grushenka at the time, and the sudden news that she was here made him beside himself. He was trembling all over. He seemed frantic.

choking - ahogar, asfixiar

"But you've seen for yourself that she hasn't come," cried Ivan.

"But she may have come by that other entrance."

"You know that entrance is locked, and you have the key."

Dmitri suddenly reappeared in the drawingroom. He had, of course, found the other entrance locked, and the key actually was in Fyodor Pavlovitch's pocket. The windows of all the rooms were also closed, so Grushenka could not have come in anywhere nor have run out anywhere.

reappeared - reapareció; reaparecer

anywhere - en algún sitio; en cualquier parte, dondequiera

"Hold him!" shrieked Fyodor Pavlovitch, as soon as he saw him again. "He's been stealing money in my bedroom." And tearing himself from Ivan he rushed again at Dmitri. But Dmitri threw up both hands and suddenly clutched the old man by the two tufts of hair that remained on his temples, tugged at them, and flung him with a crash on the floor.

shrieked - chilló; alarido, chillido, chillar

stealing - Robar; (steal); robar, hurtar, robo

tearing - desgarro; lágrima

tufts - mechones; mechón

tugged - tiró; tirar, halar

He kicked him two or three times with his heel in the face. The old man moaned shrilly. Ivan, though not so strong as Dmitri, threw his arms round him, and with all his might pulled him away. Alyosha helped him with his slender strength, holding Dmitri in front.

heel - tacón; talón

moaned - gimió; gemido, quejido, quejar, gemir

slender - esbelto

"Madman! You've killed him!" cried Ivan.

madman - loco

"Serve him right!" shouted Dmitri breathlessly. "If I haven't killed him, I'll come again and kill him. You can't protect him!"

breathlessly - Sin aliento

protect - proteger, defensar

"Dmitri! Go away at once!" cried Alyosha commandingly.

commandingly - con autoridad

"Alexey! You tell me. It's only you I can believe; was she here just now, or not? I saw her myself creeping this way by the fence from the lane. I shouted, she ran away."

lane - camino, carril

"I swear she's not been here, and no one expected her."

"But I saw her.... So she must ... I'll find out at once where she is.... Goodby, Alexey! Not a word to Æsop about the money now. But go to Katerina Ivanovna at once and be sure to say, ˜He sends his compliments to you!'Compliments, his compliments! Just compliments and farewell! Describe the scene to her."

Meanwhile Ivan and Grigory had raised the old man and seated him in an armchair. His face was covered with blood, but he was conscious and listened greedily to Dmitri's cries. He was still fancying that Grushenka really was somewhere in the house. Dmitri looked at him with hatred as he went out.

"I don't repent shedding your blood!" he cried. "Beware, old man, beware of your dream, for I have my dream, too. I curse you, and disown you altogether."

shedding - desprendimiento; (shed) desprendimiento

Beware - tener cuidado, ser precavido

disown - desheredar; renegar

He ran out of the room.

"She's here. She must be here. Smerdyakov! Smerdyakov!" the old man wheezed, scarcely audibly, beckoning to him with his finger.

wheezed - sibilancias; jadear, silbido, sibilancia, estertor sibilante

"No, she's not here, you old lunatic!" Ivan shouted at him angrily. "Here, he's fainting! Water! A towel! Make haste, Smerdyakov!"

lunatic - insano, orate, lunático

Smerdyakov ran for water. At last they got the old man undressed, and put him to bed. They wrapped a wet towel round his head. Exhausted by the brandy, by his violent emotion, and the blows he had received, he shut his eyes and fell asleep as soon as his head touched the pillow.

undressed - desvestido; desvestirse, desnudarse

wet - húmedo, mojado, húmeda, mojada, mojar, mearse, orinarse, mojarse

blows - Golpes; (blow) Golpes

Ivan and Alyosha went back to the drawingroom. Smerdyakov removed the fragments of the broken vase, while Grigory stood by the table looking gloomily at the floor.

removed - eliminado; quitar, remover, detraer

fragments - fragmentos; fragmento, fragmentar

stood by - estar preparado; apoyar a alguien; mantenerse firme en; en espera; estar junto a

"Shouldn't you put a wet bandage on your head and go to bed, too?" Alyosha said to him. "We'll look after him. My brother gave you a terrible blow"on the head."

bandage - venda, vendaje, vendar

"He's insulted me!" Grigory articulated gloomily and distinctly.

"He's ˜insulted'his father, not only you," observed Ivan with a forced smile.

"I used to wash him in his tub. He's insulted me," repeated Grigory.

"Damn it all, if I hadn't pulled him away perhaps he'd have murdered him. It wouldn't take much to do for Æsop, would it?" whispered Ivan to Alyosha.

"God forbid!" cried Alyosha.

forbid - prohibir, vedar, vetar, negar

"Why should He forbid?" Ivan went on in the same whisper, with a malignant grimace. "One reptile will devour the other. And serve them both right, too."

grimace - una mueca; mueca, hacer gestos, hacer muecas

reptile - reptil

Alyosha shuddered.

"Of course I won't let him be murdered as I didn't just now. Stay here, Alyosha, I'll go for a turn in the yard. My head's begun to ache."

Alyosha went to his father's bedroom and sat by his bedside behind the screen for about an hour. The old man suddenly opened his eyes and gazed for a long while at Alyosha, evidently remembering and meditating. All at once his face betrayed extraordinary excitement.

bedside - al lado de la cama

screen - mampara, pantalla, biombo, tamiz, malla

meditating - meditando; meditar

"Alyosha," he whispered apprehensively, "where's Ivan?"

apprehensively - con aprensión

"In the yard. He's got a headache. He's on the watch."

headache - dolor de cabeza, cefalea, jaqueca, quebradero de cabeza

"Give me that lookingglass. It stands over there. Give it me."

Alyosha gave him a little round folding lookingglass which stood on the chest of drawers. The old man looked at himself in it; his nose was considerably swollen, and on the left side of his forehead there was a rather large crimson bruise.

folding - doblando; plegable; (fold) doblando; plegable

drawers - cajones; cajón

swollen - inflamado; hinchar(se), inflar(se)

bruise - moretón; magullar, contusionar, mazar, machacar, macarse

"What does Ivan say? Alyosha, my dear, my only son, I'm afraid of Ivan. I'm more afraid of Ivan than the other. You're the only one I'm not afraid of...."

"Don't be afraid of Ivan either. He is angry, but he'll defend you."

"Alyosha, and what of the other? He's run to Grushenka. My angel, tell me the truth, was she here just now or not?"

"No one has seen her. It was a mistake. She has not been here."

"You know Mitya wants to marry her, to marry her."

"She won't marry him."

"She won't. She won't. She won't. She won't on any account!"

The old man fairly fluttered with joy, as though nothing more comforting could have been said to him. In his delight he seized Alyosha's hand and pressed it warmly to his heart. Tears positively glittered in his eyes.

fluttered - leteó; ondear, aletear

more comforting - más reconfortante

"That image of the Mother of God of which I was telling you just now," he said. "Take it home and keep it for yourself. And I'll let you go back to the monastery.... I was joking this morning, don't be angry with me. My head aches, Alyosha.... Alyosha, comfort my heart. Be an angel and tell me the truth!"

"You're still asking whether she has been here or not?" Alyosha said sorrowfully.

sorrowfully - con tristeza

"No, no, no. I believe you. I'll tell you what it is: you go to Grushenka yourself, or see her somehow; make haste and ask her; see for yourself, which she means to choose, him or me. Eh? What? Can you?"

"If I see her I'll ask her," Alyosha muttered, embarrassed.

embarrassed - avergonzado; avergonzar, abochornar, sonrojar, humillar

"No, she won't tell you," the old man interrupted, "she's a rogue. She'll begin kissing you and say that it's you she wants. She's a deceitful, shameless hussy. You mustn't go to her, you mustn't!"

"No, father, and it wouldn't be suitable, it wouldn't be right at all."

be suitable - ser adecuado

"Where was he sending you just now? He shouted ˜Go'as he ran away."

"To Katerina Ivanovna."

"For money? To ask her for money?"

"No. Not for money."

"He's no money; not a farthing. I'll settle down for the night, and think things over, and you can go. Perhaps you'll meet her.... Only be sure to come to me tomorrow in the morning. Be sure to. I have a word to say to you tomorrow. Will you come?"

settle down - echar raíces, asentarse


"When you come, pretend you've come of your own accord to ask after me. Don't tell any one I told you to. Don't say a word to Ivan."

"Very well."

"Goodby, my angel. You stood up for me, just now. I shall never forget it. I've a word to say to you tomorrow"but I must think about it."

"And how do you feel now?"

"I shall get up tomorrow and go out, perfectly well, perfectly well!"

Crossing the yard Alyosha found Ivan sitting on the bench at the gateway. He was sitting writing something in pencil in his notebook. Alyosha told Ivan that their father had waked up, was conscious, and had let him go back to sleep at the monastery.

gateway - puerta de enlace; portal, checkpuerta, checkverja, checkpórtico

"Alyosha, I should be very glad to meet you tomorrow morning," said Ivan cordially, standing up. His cordiality was a complete surprise to Alyosha.

"I shall be at the Hohlakovs'tomorrow," answered Alyosha, "I may be at Katerina Ivanovna's, too, if I don't find her now."

"But you're going to her now, anyway? For that ˜compliments and farewell,'" said Ivan smiling. Alyosha was disconcerted.

"I think I quite understand his exclamations just now, and part of what went before. Dmitri has asked you to go to her and say that he"well, in fact"takes his leave of her?"

"Brother, how will all this horror end between father and Dmitri?" exclaimed Alyosha.

"One can't tell for certain. Perhaps in nothing: it may all fizzle out. That woman is a beast. In any case we must keep the old man indoors and not let Dmitri in the house."

fizzle - fundir, apagar, menguar

beast - bestia, animal, salvaje

"Brother, let me ask one thing more: has any man a right to look at other men and decide which is worthy to live?"

"Why bring in the question of worth? The matter is most often decided in men's hearts on other grounds much more natural. And as for rights"who has not the right to wish?"

more natural - más natural

wish - deseo, gana, desear

"Not for another man's death?"

"What even if for another man's death? Why lie to oneself since all men live so and perhaps cannot help living so. Are you referring to what I said just now"that one reptile will devour the other? In that case let me ask you, do you think me like Dmitri capable of shedding Æsop's blood, murdering him, eh?"

oneself - sí mismo, uno mismo

murdering - asesinando; asesinato, asesinar, cepillarse, devorar

"What are you saying, Ivan? Such an idea never crossed my mind. I don't think Dmitri is capable of it, either."

"Thanks, if only for that," smiled Ivan. "Be sure, I should always defend him. But in my wishes I reserve myself full latitude in this case. Goodby till tomorrow. Don't condemn me, and don't look on me as a villain," he added with a smile.

wishes - deseos; deseo, gana, desear

Latitude - latitud, holgura

condemn - condenar, clausurar

villain - villano

They shook hands warmly as they had never done before. Alyosha felt that his brother had taken the first step towards him, and that he had certainly done this with some definite motive.

Chapter X. Both Together

Alyosha left his father's house feeling even more exhausted and dejected in spirit than when he had entered it. His mind too seemed shattered and unhinged, while he felt that he was afraid to put together the disjointed fragments and form a general idea from all the agonizing and conflicting experiences of the day. He felt something bordering upon despair, which he had never known till then. Towering like a mountain above all the rest stood the fatal, insoluble question: How would things end between his father and his brother Dmitri with this terrible woman? Now he had himself been a witness of it, he had been present and seen them face to face. Yet only his brother Dmitri could be made unhappy, terribly, completely unhappy: there was trouble awaiting him. It appeared too that there were other people concerned, far more so than Alyosha could have supposed before. There was something positively mysterious in it, too. Ivan had made a step towards him, which was what Alyosha had been long desiring.

more exhausted - más agotado

shattered - destrozado; astillar, estrellar, quebrantar, hacer anicos

unhinged - desquiciado; desquiciar, trastornar

conflicting - en conflicto; conflicto, discrepancia, discrepar, estar renido

experiences - experiencias; experiencia, vivencia, experimentar, vivir

bordering - limítrofe; frontera, borde, cenefa, orla, parterre

towering - ltísimo; torre

fatal - fatal

insoluble - insoluble

been present - Estar presente

Yet now he felt for some reason that he was frightened at it. And these women? Strange to say, that morning he had set out for Katerina Ivanovna's in the greatest embarrassment; now he felt nothing of the kind. On the contrary, he was hastening there as though expecting to find guidance from her. Yet to give her this message was obviously more difficult than before. The matter of the three thousand was decided irrevocably, and Dmitri, feeling himself dishonored and losing his last hope, might sink to any depth. He had, moreover, told him to describe to Katerina Ivanovna the scene which had just taken place with his father.

hastening - apresurándose; correr, acelerar, precipitar, anticipar

depth - profundidad

It was by now seven o'clock, and it was getting dark as Alyosha entered the very spacious and convenient house in the High Street occupied by Katerina Ivanovna. Alyosha knew that she lived with two aunts. One of them, a woman of little education, was that aunt of her halfsister Agafya Ivanovna who had looked after her in her father's house when she came from boardingschool. The other aunt was a Moscow lady of style and consequence, though in straitened circumstances.

spacious - espacioso, desahogado, amplio

Convenient - conveniente, cómodo

straitened - traiten

It was said that they both gave way in everything to Katerina Ivanovna, and that she only kept them with her as chaperons. Katerina Ivanovna herself gave way to no one but her benefactress, the general's widow, who had been kept by illness in Moscow, and to whom she was obliged to write twice a week a full account of all her doings.

gave way - ceder el paso

doings - Haciendo

When Alyosha entered the hall and asked the maid who opened the door to him to take his name up, it was evident that they were already aware of his arrival. Possibly he had been noticed from the window. At least, Alyosha heard a noise, caught the sound of flying footsteps and rustling skirts. Two or three women, perhaps, had run out of the room.

maid - mucama; doncella, senorita, doméstica, empleada doméstica

Footsteps - pasos; huella, paso

rustling - usurro; (rustle); crujido

Alyosha thought it strange that his arrival should cause such excitement. He was conducted however to the drawingroom at once. It was a large room, elegantly and amply furnished, not at all in provincial style. There were many sofas, lounges, settees, big and little tables. There were pictures on the walls, vases and lamps on the tables, masses of flowers, and even an aquarium in the window. It was twilight and rather dark. Alyosha made out a silk mantle thrown down on the sofa, where people had evidently just been sitting; and on a table in front of the sofa were two unfinished cups of chocolate, cakes, a glass saucer with blue raisins, and another with sweetmeats. Alyosha saw that he had interrupted visitors, and frowned.

conducted - conducido; conducción, conducta, guiar, dirigir, manejar

elegantly - con elegancia; elegantemente

amply - ampliamente, con creces

sofas - sofás; sofá, sillón

lounges - alones; relajarse, sala de estar, estancia, reposera

settees - settees; sofá

vases - jarrones; jarrón, florero, vasija

aquarium - acuario, pecera

twilight - crepúsculo, penumbra

silk - seda

mantle - manto, camisa

thrown down - tirado, arrojado

unfinished - inacabado, inconcluso

saucer - plato; platillo

raisins - pasas; pasa

sweetmeats - dulces; golosina, dulce

But at that instant the portière was raised, and with rapid, hurrying footsteps Katerina Ivanovna came in, holding out both hands to Alyosha with a radiant smile of delight. At the same instant a servant brought in two lighted candles and set them on the table.

candles - velas; vela, candela, cirio

"Thank God! At last you have come too! I've been simply praying for you all day! Sit down."

Alyosha had been struck by Katerina Ivanovna's beauty when, three weeks before, Dmitri had first brought him, at Katerina Ivanovna's special request, to be introduced to her. There had been no conversation between them at that interview, however. Supposing Alyosha to be very shy, Katerina Ivanovna had talked all the time to Dmitri to spare him. Alyosha had been silent, but he had seen a great deal very clearly. He was struck by the imperiousness, proud ease, and selfconfidence of the haughty girl. And all that was certain, Alyosha felt that he was not exaggerating it.

special request - una petición especial

supposing - Suponiendo; (suppose); suponer

imperiousness - Impertinencia

haughty - soberbio, altanero

exaggerating - exagerando; exagerar

He thought her great glowing black eyes were very fine, especially with her pale, even rather sallow, longish face. But in those eyes and in the lines of her exquisite lips there was something with which his brother might well be passionately in love, but which perhaps could not be loved for long. He expressed this thought almost plainly to Dmitri when, after the visit, his brother besought and insisted that he should not conceal his impressions on seeing his betrothed.

sallow - cetrino, amarillento

longish - largo

exquisite - exquisito, bonísimo

conceal - esconder, ocultar

"You'll be happy with her, but perhaps"not tranquilly happy."

tranquilly - Tranquilamente

"Quite so, brother. Such people remain always the same. They don't yield to fate. So you think I shan't love her for ever."

yield - ceder

"No; perhaps you will love her for ever. But perhaps you won't always be happy with her."

Alyosha had given his opinion at the time, blushing, and angry with himself for having yielded to his brother's entreaties and put such "foolish" ideas into words. For his opinion had struck him as awfully foolish immediately after he had uttered it. He felt ashamed too of having given so confident an opinion about a woman. It was with the more amazement that he felt now, at the first glance at Katerina Ivanovna as she ran in to him, that he had perhaps been utterly mistaken. This time her face was beaming with spontaneous goodnatured kindliness, and direct warmhearted sincerity. The "pride and haughtiness," which had struck Alyosha so much before, was only betrayed now in a frank, generous energy and a sort of bright, strong faith in herself.

yielded - cedido; ceder

confident - confiado, seguro de sí mismo

spontaneous - espontáneo

kindliness - bondad; amabilidad

haughtiness - soberbia, altanería, altivez, orgullo

frank - franco

energy - energía

Alyosha realized at the first glance, at the first word, that all the tragedy of her position in relation to the man she loved so dearly was no secret to her; that she perhaps already knew everything, positively everything. And yet, in spite of that, there was such brightness in her face, such faith in the future. Alyosha felt at once that he had gravely wronged her in his thoughts. He was conquered and captivated immediately. Besides all this, he noticed at her first words that she was in great excitement, an excitement perhaps quite exceptional and almost approaching ecstasy.

Dearly - Querido

brightness - brillo

exceptional - excepcional

"I was so eager to see you, because I can learn from you the whole truth"from you and no one else."

"I have come," muttered Alyosha confusedly, "I"he sent me."

confusedly - confusamente

"Ah, he sent you! I foresaw that. Now I know everything"everything!" cried Katerina Ivanovna, her eyes flashing. "Wait a moment, Alexey Fyodorovitch, I'll tell you why I've been so longing to see you. You see, I know perhaps far more than you do yourself, and there's no need for you to tell me anything. I'll tell you what I want from you. I want to know your own last impression of him. I want you to tell me most directly, plainly, coarsely even (oh, as coarsely as you like!

, what you thought of him just now and of his position after your meeting with him today. That will perhaps be better than if I had a personal explanation with him, as he does not want to come to me. Do you understand what I want from you? Now, tell me simply, tell me every word of the message he sent you with (I knew he would send you)."

"He told me to give you his compliments"and to say that he would never come again"but to give you his compliments."

"His compliments? Was that what he said"his own expression?"


"Accidentally perhaps he made a mistake in the word, perhaps he did not use the right word?"

accidentally - accidentalmente

"No; he told me precisely to repeat that word. He begged me two or three times not to forget to say so."

Katerina Ivanovna flushed hotly.

"Help me now, Alexey Fyodorovitch. Now I really need your help. I'll tell you what I think, and you must simply say whether it's right or not. Listen! If he had sent me his compliments in passing, without insisting on your repeating the words, without emphasizing them, that would be the end of everything! But if he particularly insisted on those words, if he particularly told you not to forget to repeat them to me, then perhaps he was in excitement, beside himself.

insisting - insiste; insistir

emphasizing - enfatizando; subrayar, enfatizar, hacer hincapié, recalcar

He had made his decision and was frightened at it. He wasn't walking away from me with a resolute step, but leaping headlong. The emphasis on that phrase may have been simply bravado."

emphasis - énfasis, hincapié

bravado - valentía; bravata, bravuconada

"Yes, yes!" cried Alyosha warmly. "I believe that is it."

"And, if so, he's not altogether lost. I can still save him. Stay! Did he not tell you anything about money"about three thousand roubles?"

"He did speak about it, and it's that more than anything that's crushing him. He said he had lost his honor and that nothing matters now," Alyosha answered warmly, feeling a rush of hope in his heart and believing that there really might be a way of escape and salvation for his brother. "But do you know about the money?" he added, and suddenly broke off.

crushing - aplastando; aplastamiento, enamoramiento, aplastar, destripar

"I've known of it a long time; I telegraphed to Moscow to inquire, and heard long ago that the money had not arrived. He hadn't sent the money, but I said nothing. Last week I learnt that he was still in need of money. My only object in all this was that he should know to whom to turn, and who was his true friend. No, he won't recognize that I am his truest friend; he won't know me, and looks on me merely as a woman. I've been tormented all the week, trying to think how to prevent him from being ashamed to face me because he spent that three thousand. Let him feel ashamed of himself, let him be ashamed of other people's knowing, but not of my knowing. He can tell God everything without shame. Why is it he still does not understand how much I am ready to bear for his sake?

telegraphed - telegrafiado; telégrafo, telegrafiar

recognize - reconoces; reconocer

tormented - atormentado; tormento, atormentar

feel ashamed - sentirse avergonzado

for his sake - por su bien

Why, why doesn't he know me? How dare he not know me after all that has happened? I want to save him for ever. Let him forget me as his betrothed. And here he fears that he is dishonored in my eyes. Why, he wasn't afraid to be open with you, Alexey Fyodorovitch. How is it that I don't deserve the same?"

The last words she uttered in tears. Tears gushed from her eyes.

gushed - con efusión; manar, salir a borbotones, brotar, hacer efusión

"I must tell you," Alyosha began, his voice trembling too, "what happened just now between him and my father."

And he described the whole scene, how Dmitri had sent him to get the money, how he had broken in, knocked his father down, and after that had again specially and emphatically begged him to take his compliments and farewell. "He went to that woman," Alyosha added softly.

broken in - Interrumpido

"And do you suppose that I can't put up with that woman? Does he think I can't? But he won't marry her," she suddenly laughed nervously. "Could such a passion last for ever in a Karamazov? It's passion, not love. He won't marry her because she won't marry him." Again Katerina Ivanovna laughed strangely.

"He may marry her," said Alyosha mournfully, looking down.

"He won't marry her, I tell you. That girl is an angel. Do you know that? Do you know that?" Katerina Ivanovna exclaimed suddenly with extraordinary warmth. "She is one of the most fantastic of fantastic creatures. I know how bewitching she is, but I know too that she is kind, firm and noble. Why do you look at me like that, Alexey Fyodorovitch?

most fantastic - el más fantástico

bewitching - hechizante; hechizar, embrujar

Perhaps you are wondering at my words, perhaps you don't believe me? Agrafena Alexandrovna, my angel!" she cried suddenly to some one, peeping into the next room, "come in to us. This is a friend. This is Alyosha. He knows all about our affairs. Show yourself to him."

"I've only been waiting behind the curtain for you to call me," said a soft, one might even say sugary, feminine voice.

curtain - cortina, telón

sugary - azucarado; dulce

The portière was raised and Grushenka herself, smiling and beaming, came up to the table. A violent revulsion passed over Alyosha. He fixed his eyes on her and could not take them off. Here she was, that awful woman, the "beast," as Ivan had called her half an hour before. And yet one would have thought the creature standing before him most simple and ordinary, a goodnatured, kind woman, handsome certainly, but so like other handsome ordinary women! It is true she was very, very goodlooking with that Russian beauty so passionately loved by many men. She was a rather tall woman, though a little shorter than Katerina Ivanovna, who was exceptionally tall. She had a full figure, with soft, as it were, noiseless, movements, softened to a peculiar oversweetness, like her voice. She moved, not like Katerina Ivanovna, with a vigorous, bold step, but noiselessly. Her feet made absolutely no sound on the floor. She sank softly into a low chair, softly rustling her sumptuous black silk dress, and delicately nestling her milkwhite neck and broad shoulders in a costly cashmere shawl. She was twentytwo years old, and her face looked exactly that age. She was very white in the face, with a pale pink tint on her cheeks. The modeling of her face might be said to be too broad, and the lower jaw was set a trifle forward. Her upper lip was thin, but the slightly prominent lower lip was at least twice as full, and looked pouting. But her magnificent, abundant dark brown hair, her sablecolored eyebrows and charming grayblue eyes with their long lashes would have made the most indifferent person, meeting her casually in a crowd in the street, stop at the sight of her face and remember it long after. What struck Alyosha most in that face was its expression of childlike good nature. There was a childlike look in her eyes, a look of childish delight. She came up to the table, beaming with delight and seeming to expect something with childish, impatient, and confiding curiosity.

passed over - pasado por alto

exceptionally - excepcionalmente

movements - movimientos; movimiento

softened - suavizado; ablandar, suavizar

delicately - con delicadeza; delicadamente

nestling - Nido; (nestle); acomodarse, acurrucarse

cashmere shawl - chal de cachemira

tint - tinte, matiz

jaw - mandíbula; maxilar

trifle - baratija; sopa inglesa, pizca, nadería, nimiedad, zarandaja

upper lip - el labio superior

lower lip - El labio inferior

pouting - Haciendo pucheros; (pout) Haciendo pucheros

magnificent - magnífico, macanudo

abundant - abundante, copioso, cuantioso

eyebrows - cejas; ceja

most indifferent - más indiferente

childlike - infantil

good nature - Buen carácter, buena gente

confiding - confiar

The light in her eyes gladdened the soul"Alyosha felt that. There was something else in her which he could not understand, or would not have been able to define, and which yet perhaps unconsciously affected him. It was that softness, that voluptuousness of her bodily movements, that catlike noiselessness. Yet it was a vigorous, ample body. Under the shawl could be seen full broad shoulders, a high, still quite girlish bosom. Her figure suggested the lines of the Venus of Milo, though already in somewhat exaggerated proportions. That could be divined. Connoisseurs of Russian beauty could have foretold with certainty that this fresh, still youthful beauty would lose its harmony by the age of thirty, would "spread"; that the face would become puffy, and that wrinkles would very soon appear upon her forehead and round the eyes; the complexion would grow coarse and red perhaps"in fact, that it was the beauty of the moment, the fleeting beauty which is so often met with in Russian women. Alyosha, of course, did not think of this; but though he was fascinated, yet he wondered with an unpleasant sensation, and as it were regretfully, why she drawled in that way and could not speak naturally. She did so evidently feeling there was a charm in the exaggerated, honeyed modulation of the syllables. It was, of course, only a bad, underbred habit that showed bad education and a false idea of good manners. And yet this intonation and manner of speaking impressed Alyosha as almost incredibly incongruous with the childishly simple and happy expression of her face, the soft, babyish joy in her eyes. Katerina Ivanovna at once made her sit down in an arm chair facing Alyosha, and ecstatically kissed her several times on her smiling lips. She seemed quite in love with her.

define - determinar, definir, definirse, aclarar, describir

affected - afectados; afectar

softness - suavidad, molicie

bodily - corporal, corpóreo, corporalmente

ample - amplio, extenso, abundante, generoso

shawl - un chal; chal, panolón

girlish - femenino, de nina

Venus - Venus

proportions - proporciones; proporción

divined - divinado; divino

connoisseurs - conocedores; connaisseur; connoisseur

certainty - seguridad; certeza

puffy - inflado, expresivo

appear - aparecer, comparecer

complexion - tez

fleeting - fugaz; flota

regretfully - lamentablemente

charm - encanto

syllables - sílabas; sílaba

underbred - Subcriados

intonation - entonación

babyish - pequeno; infantil, pueril

ecstatically - extasiado

"This is the first time we've met, Alexey Fyodorovitch," she said rapturously. "I wanted to know her, to see her. I wanted to go to her, but I'd no sooner expressed the wish than she came to me. I knew we should settle everything together"everything. My heart told me so"I was begged not to take the step, but I foresaw it would be a way out of the difficulty, and I was not mistaken.

rapturously - con entusiasmo

Grushenka has explained everything to me, told me all she means to do. She flew here like an angel of goodness and brought us peace and joy."

"You did not disdain me, sweet, excellent young lady," drawled Grushenka in her singsong voice, still with the same charming smile of delight.

disdain - desdén, desprecio, desdeno, desdenar, despreciar

"Don't dare to speak to me like that, you sorceress, you witch! Disdain you! Here, I must kiss your lower lip once more. It looks as though it were swollen, and now it will be more so, and more and more. Look how she laughs, Alexey Fyodorovitch! It does one's heart good to see the angel."

Sorceress - hechicera, bruja

witch - bruja

lip - labio, labro

Alyosha flushed, and faint, imperceptible shivers kept running down him.

imperceptible - imperceptible

shivers - escalofríos; temblar, tiritar, estremecerse

"You make so much of me, dear young lady, and perhaps I am not at all worthy of your kindness."

"Not worthy! She's not worthy of it!" Katerina Ivanovna cried again with the same warmth. "You know, Alexey Fyodorovitch, we're fanciful, we're selfwilled, but proudest of the proud in our little heart. We're noble, we're generous, Alexey Fyodorovitch, let me tell you. We have only been unfortunate. We were too ready to make every sacrifice for an unworthy, perhaps, or fickle man. There was one man"one, an officer too, we loved him, we sacrificed everything to him. That was long ago, five years ago, and he has forgotten us, he has married.

fanciful - antasioso; imaginado, fantástico

proudest - más orgulloso; orgulloso

fickle - veleidoso; inconstante, voluble

sacrificed - sacrificado; sacrificar, sacrificio

Now he is a widower, he has written, he is coming here, and, do you know, we've loved him, none but him, all this time, and we've loved him all our life! He will come, and Grushenka will be happy again. For the last five years she's been wretched. But who can reproach her, who can boast of her favor? Only that bedridden old merchant, but he is more like her father, her friend, her protector. He found her then in despair, in agony, deserted by the man she loved. She was ready to drown herself then, but the old merchant saved her"saved her!"

coming here - venir aquí

protector - protector, protectora, valedor

agony - agonía, angustia

"You defend me very kindly, dear young lady. You are in a great hurry about everything," Grushenka drawled again.

"Defend you! Is it for me to defend you? Should I dare to defend you? Grushenka, angel, give me your hand. Look at that charming soft little hand, Alexey Fyodorovitch! Look at it! It has brought me happiness and has lifted me up, and I'm going to kiss it, outside and inside, here, here, here!"

inside - interior, dentro, adentro, dentro de

And three times she kissed the certainly charming, though rather fat, hand of Grushenka in a sort of rapture. She held out her hand with a charming musical, nervous little laugh, watched the "sweet young lady," and obviously liked having her hand kissed.

rapture - arrebatamiento

musical - musical, musical

"Perhaps there's rather too much rapture," thought Alyosha. He blushed. He felt a peculiar uneasiness at heart the whole time.

"You won't make me blush, dear young lady, kissing my hand like this before Alexey Fyodorovitch."

blush - sonrojo, rubor

"Do you think I meant to make you blush?" said Katerina Ivanovna, somewhat surprised. "Ah, my dear, how little you understand me!"

"Yes, and you too perhaps quite misunderstand me, dear young lady. Maybe I'm not so good as I seem to you. I've a bad heart; I will have my own way. I fascinated poor Dmitri Fyodorovitch that day simply for fun."

misunderstand - malentendido; malentender

for fun - para divertirse

"But now you'll save him. You've given me your word. You'll explain it all to him. You'll break to him that you have long loved another man, who is now offering you his hand."

"Oh, no! I didn't give you my word to do that. It was you kept talking about that. I didn't give you my word."

"Then I didn't quite understand you," said Katerina Ivanovna slowly, turning a little pale. "You promised""

"Oh, no, angel lady, I've promised nothing," Grushenka interrupted softly and evenly, still with the same gay and simple expression. "You see at once, dear young lady, what a willful wretch I am compared with you. If I want to do a thing I do it. I may have made you some promise just now.

willful - voluntario; testarudo, obstinado

But now again I'm thinking: I may take to Mitya again. I liked him very much once"liked him for almost a whole hour. Now maybe I shall go and tell him to stay with me from this day forward. You see, I'm so changeable."

liked him - le gustaba

changeable - cambiable, cambiante, variable

"Just now you said"something quite different," Katerina Ivanovna whispered faintly.

"Ah, just now! But, you know. I'm such a softhearted, silly creature. Only think what he's gone through on my account! What if when I go home I feel sorry for him? What then?"

"I never expected""

"Ah, young lady, how good and generous you are compared with me! Now perhaps you won't care for a silly creature like me, now you know my character. Give me your sweet little hand, angelic lady," she said tenderly, and with a sort of reverence took Katerina Ivanovna's hand.

"Here, dear young lady, I'll take your hand and kiss it as you did mine. You kissed mine three times, but I ought to kiss yours three hundred times to be even with you. Well, but let that pass. And then it shall be as God wills. Perhaps I shall be your slave entirely and want to do your bidding like a slave.

Let it be as God wills, without any agreements and promises. What a sweet hand"what a sweet hand you have! You sweet young lady, you incredible beauty!"

promises - promesas; promesa, prometer

She slowly raised the hands to her lips, with the strange object indeed of "being even" with her in kisses.

kisses - besos; besar

Katerina Ivanovna did not take her hand away. She listened with timid hope to the last words, though Grushenka's promise to do her bidding like a slave was very strangely expressed. She looked intently into her eyes; she still saw in those eyes the same simplehearted, confiding expression, the same bright gayety.

"She's perhaps too naĂŻve," thought Katerina Ivanovna, with a gleam of hope.

Grushenka meanwhile seemed enthusiastic over the "sweet hand." She raised it deliberately to her lips. But she held it for two or three minutes near her lips, as though reconsidering something.

reconsidering - reconsiderándolo; reconsiderar

"Do you know, angel lady," she suddenly drawled in an even more soft and sugary voice, "do you know, after all, I think I won't kiss your hand?" And she laughed a little merry laugh.

"As you please. What's the matter with you?" said Katerina Ivanovna, starting suddenly.

"So that you may be left to remember that you kissed my hand, but I didn't kiss yours."

There was a sudden gleam in her eyes. She looked with awful intentness at Katerina Ivanovna.

"Insolent creature!" cried Katerina Ivanovna, as though suddenly grasping something. She flushed all over and leapt up from her seat.

Grushenka too got up, but without haste.

"So I shall tell Mitya how you kissed my hand, but I didn't kiss yours at all. And how he will laugh!"

"Vile slut! Go away!"

"Ah, for shame, young lady! Ah, for shame! That's unbecoming for you, dear young lady, a word like that."

"Go away! You're a creature for sale!" screamed Katerina Ivanovna. Every feature was working in her utterly distorted face.

sale - venta

feature - Característica, distintivo; presentar, incluir

distorted - distorsionado; deformar, distorsionar, tergiversar, desvirtuar

"For sale indeed! You used to visit gentlemen in the dusk for money once; you brought your beauty for sale. You see, I know."

Katerina Ivanovna shrieked, and would have rushed at her, but Alyosha held her with all his strength.

"Not a step, not a word! Don't speak, don't answer her. She'll go away"she'll go at once."

At that instant Katerina Ivanovna's two aunts ran in at her cry, and with them a maidservant. All hurried to her.

"I will go away," said Grushenka, taking up her mantle from the sofa. "Alyosha, darling, see me home!"

taking up - tomando

"Go away"go away, make haste!" cried Alyosha, clasping his hands imploringly.

"Dear little Alyosha, see me home! I've got a pretty little story to tell you on the way. I got up this scene for your benefit, Alyosha. See me home, dear, you'll be glad of it afterwards."

be glad - estar contento

Alyosha turned away, wringing his hands. Grushenka ran out of the house, laughing musically.

musically - musicalmente

Katerina Ivanovna went into a fit of hysterics. She sobbed, and was shaken with convulsions. Every one fussed round her.

sobbed - sollozó; hdp

convulsions - convulsiones; convulsión

fussed - alborotado; fandango, jaleo, escándalo

"I warned you," said the elder of her aunts. "I tried to prevent your doing this. You're too impulsive. How could you do such a thing? You don't know these creatures, and they say she's worse than any of them. You are too selfwilled."

warned - advertido; alertar, avisar, advertir

impulsive - impulsivo

"She's a tigress!" yelled Katerina Ivanovna. "Why did you hold me, Alexey Fyodorovitch? I'd have beaten her"beaten her!"

tigress - tigresa

She could not control herself before Alyosha; perhaps she did not care to, indeed.

"She ought to be flogged in public on a scaffold!"

scaffold - andamio, horca, patíbulo, cadalso, andamiar

Alyosha withdrew towards the door.

"But, my God!" cried Katerina Ivanovna, clasping her hands. "He! He! He could be so dishonorable, so inhuman! Why, he told that creature what happened on that fatal, accursed day! ˜You brought your beauty for sale, dear young lady.'She knows it! Your brother's a scoundrel, Alexey Fyodorovitch."

inhuman - inhumano

Alyosha wanted to say something, but he couldn't find a word. His heart ached.

ached - te dolía; dolor

"Go away, Alexey Fyodorovitch! It's shameful, it's awful for me! To morrow, I beg you on my knees, come tomorrow. Don't condemn me. Forgive me. I don't know what I shall do with myself now!"

morrow - manana; manana

Alyosha walked out into the street reeling. He could have wept as she did. Suddenly he was overtaken by the maid.

overtaken - uperado; rebasar, sobrepasar, adelantar, alcanzar, superar

"The young lady forgot to give you this letter from Madame Hohlakov; it's been left with us since dinnertime."

Alyosha took the little pink envelope mechanically and put it, almost unconsciously, into his pocket.

Chapter XI. Another Reputation Ruined

reputation - reputación

It was not much more than threequarters of a mile from the town to the monastery. Alyosha walked quickly along the road, at that hour deserted. It was almost night, and too dark to see anything clearly at thirty paces ahead. There were crossroads halfway. A figure came into sight under a solitary willow at the crossroads. As soon as Alyosha reached the cross roads the figure moved out and rushed at him, shouting savagely:

ahead - al frente de, delante de, adelante

willow - sauce, mimbrera, sauz

moved out - se mudó

savagely - salvajemente

"Your money or your life!"

"So it's you, Mitya," cried Alyosha, in surprise, violently startled however.

"Ha ha ha! You didn't expect me? I wondered where to wait for you. By her house? There are three ways from it, and I might have missed you. At last I thought of waiting here, for you had to pass here, there's no other way to the monastery. Come, tell me the truth. Crush me like a beetle. But what's the matter?"

ha - Ja

"Nothing, brother"it's the fright you gave me. Oh, Dmitri! Father's blood just now." (Alyosha began to cry, he had been on the verge of tears for a long time, and now something seemed to snap in his soul.) "You almost killed him"cursed him"and now"here"you're making jokes"˜Your money or your life!'"

fright - miedo; susto

snap in - quedarse atrapado; complemento (de un programa etc.)

"Well, what of that? It's not seemly"is that it? Not suitable in my position?"

"No"I only""

"Stay. Look at the night. You see what a dark night, what clouds, what a wind has risen. I hid here under the willow waiting for you. And as God's above, I suddenly thought, why go on in misery any longer, what is there to wait for? Here I have a willow, a handkerchief, a shirt, I can twist them into a rope in a minute, and braces besides, and why go on burdening the earth, dishonoring it with my vile presence? And then I heard you coming"Heavens, it was as though something flew down to me suddenly. So there is a man, then, whom I love.

wind - viento, aire

twist - giro; torcer, sacar punta a, torcerse

rope - cuerda

braces - aparatos; braza, abrazadera, tensor, tirante, pareja, tirantes

burdening - una carga; carga

dishonoring - deshonrando; deshonra, deshonor

Here he is, that man, my dear little brother, whom I love more than any one in the world, the only one I love in the world. And I loved you so much, so much at that moment that I thought, ˜I'll fall on his neck at once.'Then a stupid idea struck me, to have a joke with you and scare you. I shouted, like a fool, ˜Your money!'Forgive my foolery"it was only nonsense, and there's nothing unseemly in my soul.... Damn it all, tell me what's happened. What did she say? Strike me, crush me, don't Spare me! Was she furious?"

little brother - Hermano pequeno

Spare me - ahorrarle algo a alguien

"No, not that.... There was nothing like that, Mitya. There"I found them both there."

"Both? Whom?"

"Grushenka at Katerina Ivanovna's."

Dmitri was struck dumb.

dumb - tonto; mudo

"Impossible!" he cried. "You're raving! Grushenka with her?"

Alyosha described all that had happened from the moment he went in to Katerina Ivanovna's. He was ten minutes telling his story. He can't be said to have told it fluently and consecutively, but he seemed to make it clear, not omitting any word or action of significance, and vividly describing, often in one word, his own sensations. Dmitri listened in silence, gazing at him with a terrible fixed stare, but it was clear to Alyosha that he understood it all, and had grasped every point.

fluently - dominar (verb), con fluidez, con soltura, fluido, fluidamente

consecutively - consecutivamente

omitting - omitir, dejar de lado, dejarse en el tintero

sensations - sensaciones; sensación

But as the story went on, his face became not merely gloomy, but menacing. He scowled, he clenched his teeth, and his fixed stare became still more rigid, more concentrated, more terrible, when suddenly, with incredible rapidity, his wrathful, savage face changed, his tightly compressed lips parted, and Dmitri Fyodorovitch broke into uncontrolled, spontaneous laughter. He literally shook with laughter. For a long time he could not speak.

scowled - ceno fruncido; fruncir el ceno/entrecejo

clenched - apretado; traba

rigid - rígido

concentrated - concentrar, concentrarse, concentrado

wrathful - irabioso; furioso

tightly - con fuerza; herméticamente

literally - literalmente, literal

"So she wouldn't kiss her hand! So she didn't kiss it; so she ran away!" he kept exclaiming with hysterical delight; insolent delight it might have been called, if it had not been so spontaneous. "So the other one called her tigress! And a tigress she is! So she ought to be flogged on a scaffold? Yes, yes, so she ought. That's just what I think; she ought to have been long ago.

exclaiming - exclamando; exclamar

It's like this, brother, let her be punished, but I must get better first. I understand the queen of impudence. That's her all over! You saw her all over in that handkissing, the shedevil! She's magnificent in her own line! So she ran home? I'll go"ah"I'll run to her! Alyosha, don't blame me, I agree that hanging is too good for her."

"But Katerina Ivanovna!" exclaimed Alyosha sorrowfully.

"I see her, too! I see right through her, as I've never done before! It's a regular discovery of the four continents of the world, that is, of the five! What a thing to do! That's just like Katya, who was not afraid to face a coarse, unmannerly officer and risk a deadly insult on a generous impulse to save her father! But the pride, the recklessness, the defiance of fate, the unbounded defiance! You say that aunt tried to stop her? That aunt, you know, is overbearing, herself. She's the sister of the general's widow in Moscow, and even more stuckup than she. But her husband was caught stealing government money. He lost everything, his estate and all, and the proud wife had to lower her colors, and hasn't raised them since.

discovery - descubrimiento, hallazgo

continents - continentes; continente

unmannerly - Sin modales

recklessness - imprudencia; descuido, negligencia, temeridad, osadía

defiance - desafío

overbearing - soportar

So she tried to prevent Katya, but she wouldn't listen to her! She thinks she can overcome everything, that everything will give way to her. She thought she could bewitch Grushenka if she liked, and she believed it herself: she plays a part to herself, and whose fault is it? Do you think she kissed Grushenka's hand first, on purpose, with a motive? No, she really was fascinated by Grushenka, that's to say, not by Grushenka, but by her own dream, her own delusion"because it was her dream, her delusion! Alyosha, darling, how did you escape from them, those women? Did you pick up your cassock and run? Ha ha ha!"

bewitch - hechizar, embrujar

delusion - engano, ilusión, delirio, idea delirante

"Brother, you don't seem to have noticed how you've insulted Katerina Ivanovna by telling Grushenka about that day. And she flung it in her face just now that she had gone to gentlemen in secret to sell her beauty! Brother, what could be worse than that insult?"

What worried Alyosha more than anything was that, incredible as it seemed, his brother appeared pleased at Katerina Ivanovna's humiliation.

"Bah!" Dmitri frowned fiercely, and struck his forehead with his hand. He only now realized it, though Alyosha had just told him of the insult, and Katerina Ivanovna's cry: "Your brother is a scoundrel!"

fiercely - con fiereza; fieramente

"Yes, perhaps, I really did tell Grushenka about that ˜fatal day,'as Katya calls it. Yes, I did tell her, I remember! It was that time at Mokroe. I was drunk, the gypsies were singing.... But I was sobbing. I was sobbing then, kneeling and praying to Katya's image, and Grushenka understood it.

She understood it all then. I remember, she cried herself.... Damn it all! But it's bound to be so now.... Then she cried, but now ˜the dagger in the heart'! That's how women are."

He looked down and sank into thought.

"Yes, I am a scoundrel, a thorough scoundrel!" he said suddenly, in a gloomy voice. "It doesn't matter whether I cried or not, I'm a scoundrel! Tell her I accept the name, if that's any comfort. Come, that's enough. Goodby. It's no use talking! It's not amusing. You go your way and I mine. And I don't want to see you again except as a last resource. Good by, Alexey!"

It doesn't matter - No importa

It's no use - Es inútil

resource - recursos; recurso

He warmly pressed Alyosha's hand, and still looking down, without raising his head, as though tearing himself away, turned rapidly towards the town.

Alyosha looked after him, unable to believe he would go away so abruptly.

"Stay, Alexey, one more confession to you alone!" cried Dmitri, suddenly turning back. "Look at me. Look at me well. You see here, here"there's terrible disgrace in store for me." (As he said "here," Dmitri struck his chest with his fist with a strange air, as though the dishonor lay precisely on his chest, in some spot, in a pocket, perhaps, or hanging round his neck.) "You know me now, a scoundrel, an avowed scoundrel, but let me tell you that I've never done anything before and never shall again, anything that can compare in baseness with the dishonor which I bear now at this very minute on my breast, here, here, which will come to pass, though I'm perfectly free to stop it.

turning back - volver, regresar

disgrace - desgracia, baldón, deshonrar

in store - en la tienda

dishonor - deshonra, deshonor

avowed - confesado; confesar, admitir, reconocer

baseness - Bajeza

I can stop it or carry it through, note that. Well, let me tell you, I shall carry it through. I shan't stop it. I told you everything just now, but I didn't tell you this, because even I had not brass enough for it. I can still pull up; if I do, I can give back the full half of my lost honor tomorrow. But I shan't pull up. I shall carry out my base plan, and you can bear witness that I told you so beforehand. Darkness and destruction! No need to explain. You'll find out in due time. The filthy backalley and the she devil. Goodby. Don't pray for me, I'm not worth it. And there's no need, no need at all.... I don't need it! Away!"

brass - latón

pull up - levantarse; detenerse

give back - devolver algo a alguien

And he suddenly retreated, this time finally. Alyosha went towards the monastery.

retreated - se retiró; retirarse, batirse en retirada

"What? I shall never see him again! What is he saying?" he wondered wildly. "Why, I shall certainly see him tomorrow. I shall look him up. I shall make a point of it. What does he mean?"

He went round the monastery, and crossed the pinewood to the hermitage. The door was opened to him, though no one was admitted at that hour. There was a tremor in his heart as he went into Father Zossima's cell.

tremor - temblor, terremoto

"Why, why, had he gone forth? Why had he sent him into the world? Here was peace. Here was holiness. But there was confusion, there was darkness in which one lost one's way and went astray at once...."

astray - perdido, extraviado

In the cell he found the novice Porfiry and Father PaĂŻssy, who came every hour to inquire after Father Zossima. Alyosha learnt with alarm that he was getting worse and worse. Even his usual discourse with the brothers could not take place that day. As a rule every evening after service the monks flocked into Father Zossima's cell, and all confessed aloud their sins of the day, their sinful thoughts and temptations; even their disputes, if there had been any. Some confessed kneeling. The elder absolved, reconciled, exhorted, imposed penance, blessed, and dismissed them. It was against this general "confession" that the opponents of "elders" protested, maintaining that it was a profanation of the sacrament of confession, almost a sacrilege, though this was quite a different thing.

inquire after - preguntarle a alguien por

discourse - discurso, conversación, disertar

every evening - todas las noches

temptations - entaciones; tentación

disputes - disputas; disputa, contencioso

absolved - absuelto; absolver, exculpar, exonerar

exhorted - exhortado; exhortar

imposed - impuesto; imponer

penance - penitencia, penitencia

against this - contra esto

profanation - profanación

sacrilege - sacrilegio

They even represented to the diocesan authorities that such confessions attained no good object, but actually to a large extent led to sin and temptation. Many of the brothers disliked going to the elder, and went against their own will because every one went, and for fear they should be accused of pride and rebellious ideas. People said that some of the monks agreed beforehand, saying, "I'll confess I lost my temper with you this morning, and you confirm it," simply in order to have something to say. Alyosha knew that this actually happened sometimes. He knew, too, that there were among the monks some who deeply resented the fact that letters from relations were habitually taken to the elder, to be opened and read by him before those to whom they were addressed.

represented - representado; representar

diocesan - diocesano

confessions - confesiones; confesión

attained - lcanzado; lograr, conseguir

accused - acusado; acusar, denunciar

rebellious - rebelde, levantisco, contestatario

habitually - habitualmente

It was assumed, of course, that all this was done freely, and in good faith, by way of voluntary submission and salutary guidance. But, in fact, there was sometimes no little insincerity, and much that was false and strained in this practice. Yet the older and more experienced of the monks adhered to their opinion, arguing that "for those who have come within these walls sincerely seeking salvation, such obedience and sacrifice will certainly be salutary and of great benefit; those, on the other hand, who find it irksome, and repine, are no true monks, and have made a mistake in entering the monastery"their proper place is in the world.

submission - Presentación

salutary - saludable, revulsivo, bueno, salutífero

adhered to - adherido a

arguing - discutiendo; argumentar, debatir, discutir

irksome - molesto; fastidioso, enfadoso

Even in the temple one cannot be safe from sin and the devil. So it was no good taking it too much into account."

safe from - a salvo de

"He is weaker, a drowsiness has come over him," Father PaĂŻssy whispered to Alyosha, as he blessed him. "It's difficult to rouse him. And he must not be roused. He waked up for five minutes, sent his blessing to the brothers, and begged their prayers for him at night. He intends to take the sacrament again in the morning. He remembered you, Alexey. He asked whether you had gone away, and was told that you were in the town. ˜I blessed him for that work,'he said, ˜his place is there, not here, for awhile.

weaker - más débil; débil, feble, flaco, flojo

drowsiness - sonolencia, somnolencia, sopor, duermevela

rouse - revivir; despertar

intends - pretender, planear, intencionar, intentar

gone away - irse, pasar

awhile - un rato, algún tiempo

Those were his words about you. He remembered you lovingly, with anxiety; do you understand how he honored you? But how is it that he has decided that you shall spend some time in the world? He must have foreseen something in your destiny! Understand, Alexey, that if you return to the world, it must be to do the duty laid upon you by your elder, and not for frivolous vanity and worldly pleasures."

lovingly - con carino; amorosamente

foreseen - previsto; pronosticar, prever, antever

Father PaĂŻssy went out. Alyosha had no doubt that Father Zossima was dying, though he might live another day or two. Alyosha firmly and ardently resolved that in spite of his promises to his father, the Hohlakovs, and Katerina Ivanovna, he would not leave the monastery next day, but would remain with his elder to the end. His heart glowed with love, and he reproached himself bitterly for having been able for one instant to forget him whom he had left in the monastery on his deathbed, and whom he honored above every one in the world.

ardently - con ardor

resolved - resuelto; tomar la decisión de, resolver

He went into Father Zossima's bedroom, knelt down, and bowed to the ground before the elder, who slept quietly without stirring, with regular, hardly audible breathing and a peaceful face.

knelt - de rodillas; arrodillarse

audible - oíble, audible

breathing - respirando; respiración; (breath); respiración, aliento, respiro

peaceful - Pacífico

Alyosha returned to the other room, where Father Zossima had received his guests in the morning. Taking off his boots, he lay down on the hard, narrow, leathern sofa, which he had long used as a bed, bringing nothing but a pillow. The mattress, about which his father had shouted to him that morning, he had long forgotten to lie on. He took off his cassock, which he used as a covering. But before going to bed, he fell on his knees and prayed a long time. In his fervent prayer he did not beseech God to lighten his darkness but only thirsted for the joyous emotion, which always visited his soul after the praise and adoration, of which his evening prayer usually consisted. That joy always brought him light untroubled sleep. As he was praying, he suddenly felt in his pocket the little pink note the servant had handed him as he left Katerina Ivanovna's. He was disturbed, but finished his prayer.

leathern - de cuero

covering - Cubriendo; (cover); tapa, cubierta, escondrijo, guarida, tapa

beseech - rogar, implorar, suplicar

lighten - Aligerar

thirsted - sediento; sed, hambre, ambición, ansias, tener sed, desear

adoration - adoración

Then, after some hesitation, he opened the envelope. In it was a letter to him, signed by Lise, the young daughter of Madame Hohlakov, who had laughed at him before the elder in the morning.

"Alexey Fyodorovitch," she wrote, "I am writing to you without any one's knowledge, even mamma's, and I know how wrong it is. But I cannot live without telling you the feeling that has sprung up in my heart, and this no one but us two must know for a time. But how am I to say what I want so much to tell you? Paper, they say, does not blush, but I assure you it's not true and that it's blushing just as I am now, all over. Dear Alyosha, I love you, I've loved you from my childhood, since our Moscow days, when you were very different from what you are now, and I shall love you all my life.

My heart has chosen you, to unite our lives, and pass them together till our old age. Of course, on condition that you will leave the monastery. As for our age we will wait for the time fixed by the law. By that time I shall certainly be quite strong, I shall be walking and dancing. There can be no doubt of that.

unite - unirse; unir, aunar, juntar, combinar

on condition - condición

"You see how I've thought of everything. There's only one thing I can't imagine: what you'll think of me when you read this. I'm always laughing and being naughty. I made you angry this morning, but I assure you before I took up my pen, I prayed before the Image of the Mother of God, and now I'm praying, and almost crying.

"My secret is in your hands. When you come tomorrow, I don't know how I shall look at you. Ah, Alexey Fyodorovitch, what if I can't restrain myself like a silly and laugh when I look at you as I did today. You'll think I'm a nasty girl making fun of you, and you won't believe my letter. And so I beg you, dear one, if you've any pity for me, when you come to morrow, don't look me straight in the face, for if I meet your eyes, it will be sure to make me laugh, especially as you'll be in that long gown.

nasty girl - una chica desagradable

I feel cold all over when I think of it, so when you come, don't look at me at all for a time, look at mamma or at the window....

"Here I've written you a loveletter. Oh, dear, what have I done? Alyosha, don't despise me, and if I've done something very horrid and wounded you, forgive me. Now the secret of my reputation, ruined perhaps for ever, is in your hands.

horrid - horrible; hórrido, horrendo

"I shall certainly cry today. Goodby till our meeting, our awful meeting."LISE.

"P.S."Alyosha! You must, must, must come!"LISE."

Alyosha read the note in amazement, read it through twice, thought a little, and suddenly laughed a soft, sweet laugh. He started. That laugh seemed to him sinful. But a minute later he laughed again just as softly and happily. He slowly replaced the note in the envelope, crossed himself and lay down. The agitation in his heart passed at once.

replaced - reemplazado; reemplazar, sustituir

"God, have mercy upon all of them, have all these unhappy and turbulent souls in Thy keeping, and set them in the right path. All ways are Thine. Save them according to Thy wisdom. Thou art love. Thou wilt send joy to all!" Alyosha murmured, crossing himself, and falling into peaceful sleep.

turbulent - tempestuoso, agitado, accidentado, turbulento

wilt - te marchitas; marchitarse

murmured - murmuró; soplo, murmurar


Book IV. Lacerations

Lacerations - laceraciones; laceración

Chapter I. Father Ferapont

Alyosha was roused early, before daybreak. Father Zossima woke up feeling very weak, though he wanted to get out of bed and sit up in a chair. His mind was quite clear; his face looked very tired, yet bright and almost joyful. It wore an expression of gayety, kindness and cordiality. "Maybe I shall not live through the coming day," he said to Alyosha. Then he desired to confess and take the sacrament at once. He always confessed to Father PaĂŻssy. After taking the communion, the service of extreme unction followed.

daybreak - amanecer

sit up - incorporarse; ponerse en guardia; sentar a alguien

extreme - extremo

unction - unción

The monks assembled and the cell was gradually filled up by the inmates of the hermitage. Meantime it was daylight. People began coming from the monastery. After the service was over the elder desired to kiss and take leave of every one. As the cell was so small the earlier visitors withdrew to make room for others. Alyosha stood beside the elder, who was seated again in his armchair. He talked as much as he could. Though his voice was weak, it was fairly steady.

filled up - lleno

take leave - tomar vacaciones; despedirse; salir

steady - estable; firme, liso, fijo

"I've been teaching you so many years, and therefore I've been talking aloud so many years, that I've got into the habit of talking, and so much so that it's almost more difficult for me to hold my tongue than to talk, even now, in spite of my weakness, dear Fathers and brothers," he jested, looking with emotion at the group round him.

jested - bromeas; broma

Alyosha remembered afterwards something of what he said to them. But though he spoke out distinctly and his voice was fairly steady, his speech was somewhat disconnected.

He spoke of many things, he seemed anxious before the moment of death to say everything he had not said in his life, and not simply for the sake of instructing them, but as though thirsting to share with all men and all creation his joy and ecstasy, and once more in his life to open his whole heart.

instructing - instruyendo; instruir

"Love one another, Fathers," said Father Zossima, as far as Alyosha could remember afterwards. "love god's people. Because we have come here and shut ourselves within these walls, we are no holier than those that are outside, but on the contrary, from the very fact of coming here, each of us has confessed to himself that he is worse than others, than all men on earth.... And the longer the monk lives in his seclusion, the more keenly he must recognize that. Else he would have had no reason to come here. When he realizes that he is not only worse than others, but that he is responsible to all men for all and everything, for all human sins, national and individual, only then the aim of our seclusion is attained. For know, dear ones, that every one of us is undoubtedly responsible for all men and everything on earth, not merely through the general sinfulness of creation, but each one personally for all mankind and every individual man. This knowledge is the crown of life for the monk and for every man. For monks are not a special sort of men, but only what all men ought to be. Only through that knowledge, our heart grows soft with infinite, universal, inexhaustible love. Then every one of you will have the power to win over the whole world by love and to wash away the sins of the world with your tears.

love god - amar a Dios

holier - más santo; ojoso

realizes - te das cuenta; realizar, darse cuenta, caer en la cuenta

sinfulness - ecaminosidad

crown - corona

inexhaustible - inagotable

wash away - limpiar, lavar; quitar, eliminar

.. Each of you keep watch over your heart and confess your sins to yourself unceasingly. Be not afraid of your sins, even when perceiving them, if only there be penitence, but make no conditions with God. Again I say, Be not proud. Be proud neither to the little nor to the great. Hate not those who reject you, who insult you, who abuse and slander you. Hate not the atheists, the teachers of evil, the materialists"and I mean not only the good ones"for there are many good ones among them, especially in our day"hate not even the wicked ones. Remember them in your prayers thus: Save, O Lord, all those who have none to pray for them, save too all those who will not pray. And add: it is not in pride that I make this prayer, O Lord, for I am lower than all men.... Love God's people, let not strangers draw away the flock, for if you slumber in your slothfulness and disdainful pride, or worse still, in covetousness, they will come from all sides and draw away your flock. Expound the Gospel to the people unceasingly ... be not extortionate.... Do not love gold and silver, do not hoard them.... Have faith. cling to the banner and raise it on high."

conditions - ondiciones; condición, situación, acondicionar

reject - rechazar, desestimar, artículo defectuoso, marginado, marginada

materialists - materialistas; materialista, panish: t-needed

thus - así

strangers - Extrano

slumber - sueno; adormecimiento, adormilamiento, adormecer, adormilar

slothfulness - Pereza

disdainful - despectivo; desdenoso, displicente

covetousness - codicia

expound - explicar; exponer, explayar, disertar

extortionate - extorsionador; extorsivo

hoard - acumular; provisión

cling to - Aferrarse a

banner - bandera, estandarte

raise - subir; levantar

But the elder spoke more disconnectedly than Alyosha reported his words afterwards. Sometimes he broke off altogether, as though to take breath, and recover his strength, but he was in a sort of ecstasy. They heard him with emotion, though many wondered at his words and found them obscure.... Afterwards all remembered those words.

disconnectedly - Sin conexión

breath - respiración, aliento, respiro

recover - recuperarse

When Alyosha happened for a moment to leave the cell, he was struck by the general excitement and suspense in the monks who were crowding about it. This anticipation showed itself in some by anxiety, in others by devout solemnity. All were expecting that some marvel would happen immediately after the elder's death.

crowding - aglomeración; multitud, muchedumbre

devout - devoto

Their suspense was, from one point of view, almost frivolous, but even the most austere of the monks were affected by it. Father PaĂŻssy's face looked the gravest of all.

gravest - más grave; tumba

Alyosha was mysteriously summoned by a monk to see Rakitin, who had arrived from town with a singular letter for him from Madame Hohlakov. In it she informed Alyosha of a strange and very opportune incident. It appeared that among the women who had come on the previous day to receive Father Zossima's blessing, there had been an old woman from the town, a sergeant's widow, called Prohorovna. She had inquired whether she might pray for the rest of the soul of her son, Vassenka, who had gone to Irkutsk, and had sent her no news for over a year. To which Father Zossima had answered sternly, forbidding her to do so, and saying that to pray for the living as though they were dead was a kind of sorcery. He afterwards forgave her on account of her ignorance, and added, "as though reading the book of the future" (this was Madame Hohlakov's expression), words of comfort: "that her son Vassya was certainly alive and he would either come himself very shortly or send a letter, and that she was to go home and expect him.

summoned - convocado; convocar

singular - singular, único, singular

opportune - oportuno, apropiado

previous day - el día anterior

sergeant - sargento

And "Would you believe it?" exclaimed Madame Hohlakov enthusiastically, "the prophecy has been fulfilled literally indeed, and more than that." Scarcely had the old woman reached home when they gave her a letter from Siberia which had been awaiting her. But that was not all; in the letter written on the road from Ekaterinenburg, Vassya informed his mother that he was returning to Russia with an official, and that three weeks after her receiving the letter he hoped "to embrace his mother."

fulfilled - cumplido; cumplir

receiving - recibir

Embrace - abrazar, abrazo

Madame Hohlakov warmly entreated Alyosha to report this new "miracle of prediction" to the Superior and all the brotherhood. "All, all, ought to know of it!" she concluded. The letter had been written in haste, the excitement of the writer was apparent in every line of it. But Alyosha had no need to tell the monks, for all knew of it already.

prediction - predicción

brotherhood - fraternidad, hermandad

Rakitin had commissioned the monk who brought his message "to inform most respectfully his reverence Father PaĂŻssy, that he, Rakitin, has a matter to speak of with him, of such gravity that he dare not defer it for a moment, and humbly begs forgiveness for his presumption." As the monk had given the message to Father PaĂŻssy before that to Alyosha, the latter found after reading the letter, there was nothing left for him to do but to hand it to Father PaĂŻssy in confirmation of the story.

commissioned - encargado; misión, cometido, destino, cargo, comisión, encargo

inform - informar

defer - aplazar; posponer, diferir; (def) aplazar; posponer, diferir

confirmation - confirmación

And even that austere and cautious man, though he frowned as he read the news of the "miracle," could not completely restrain some inner emotion. His eyes gleamed, and a grave and solemn smile came into his lips.

"We shall see greater things!" broke from him.

"We shall see greater things, greater things yet!" the monks around repeated.

But Father PaĂŻssy, frowning again, begged all of them, at least for a time, not to speak of the matter "till it be more fully confirmed, seeing there is so much credulity among those of this world, and indeed this might well have chanced naturally," he added, prudently, as it were to satisfy his conscience, though scarcely believing his own disavowal, a fact his listeners very clearly perceived.

credulity - Credulidad

prudently - con prudencia; prudentemente

listeners - oyentes; oyente, escuchador, escucha

Within the hour the "miracle" was of course known to the whole monastery, and many visitors who had come for the mass. No one seemed more impressed by it than the monk who had come the day before from St. Sylvester, from the little monastery of Obdorsk in the far North.

It was he who had been standing near Madame Hohlakov the previous day and had asked Father Zossima earnestly, referring to the "healing" of the lady's daughter, "How can you presume to do such things?"

he who - Él que

He was now somewhat puzzled and did not know whom to believe. The evening before he had visited Father Ferapont in his cell apart, behind the apiary, and had been greatly impressed and overawed by the visit. This Father Ferapont was that aged monk so devout in fasting and observing silence who has been mentioned already, as antagonistic to Father Zossima and the whole institution of "elders," which he regarded as a pernicious and frivolous innovation.

apiary - colmenar, apiario

overawed - Sobrecoger

antagonistic - antagonista, hostil, antagónico

pernicious - Pernicioso

He was a very formidable opponent, although from his practice of silence he scarcely spoke a word to any one. What made him formidable was that a number of monks fully shared his feeling, and many of the visitors looked upon him as a great saint and ascetic, although they had no doubt that he was crazy. But it was just his craziness attracted them.

craziness - locura

Father Ferapont never went to see the elder. Though he lived in the hermitage they did not worry him to keep its regulations, and this too because he behaved as though he were crazy.

regulations - reglamentos; reglamento, regulación

He was seventyfive or more, and he lived in a corner beyond the apiary in an old decaying wooden cell which had been built long ago for another great ascetic, Father Iona, who had lived to be a hundred and five, and of whose saintly doings many curious stories were still extant in the monastery and the neighborhood.

decaying - decayendo; descomposición, deterioración, putrefacción

extant - existente, extante, actual

Father Ferapont had succeeded in getting himself installed in this same solitary cell seven years previously. It was simply a peasant's hut, though it looked like a chapel, for it contained an extraordinary number of ikons with lamps perpetually burning before them"which men brought to the monastery as offerings to God. Father Ferapont had been appointed to look after them and keep the lamps burning. It was said (and indeed it was true) that he ate only two pounds of bread in three days. The beekeeper, who lived close by the apiary, used to bring him the bread every three days, and even to this man who waited upon him, Father Ferapont rarely uttered a word. The four pounds of bread, together with the sacrament bread, regularly sent him on Sundays after the late mass by the Father Superior, made up his weekly rations.

installed - instalado; instalar

solitary cell - una celda solitaria

hut - cabana

chapel - capilla

perpetually - perpetuamente

offerings - ofertas; ofrecimiento

Beekeeper - apicultor, apicultora, colmenero, colmenera

weekly - semanalmente, cada semana, todas las semanas, semanario

rations - raciones; ración, racionar

The water in his jug was changed every day. He rarely appeared at mass. Visitors who came to do him homage saw him sometimes kneeling all day long at prayer without looking round. If he addressed them, he was brief, abrupt, strange, and almost always rude. On very rare occasions, however, he would talk to visitors, but for the most part he would utter some one strange saying which was a complete riddle, and no entreaties would induce him to pronounce a word in explanation. He was not a priest, but a simple monk. There was a strange belief, chiefly however among the most ignorant, that Father Ferapont had communication with heavenly spirits and would only converse with them, and so was silent with men.

abrupt - abrupto, brusco, repentino, súbito

induce - inducir

pronounce - pronunciar

chiefly - principalmente, sobre todo, particularmente, especialmente

communication - comunicación, comunicado

converse - conversar, charlar

The monk from Obdorsk, having been directed to the apiary by the beekeeper, who was also a very silent and surly monk, went to the corner where Father Ferapont's cell stood. "Maybe he will speak as you are a stranger and maybe you'll get nothing out of him," the beekeeper had warned him. The monk, as he related afterwards, approached in the utmost apprehension. It was rather late in the evening.

directed - dirigido; directo, dirigir

surly - hurano; irritado, malhumorado, inamistoso, hosco, amenazante

Father Ferapont was sitting at the door of his cell on a low bench. A huge old elm was lightly rustling overhead. There was an evening freshness in the air. The monk from Obdorsk bowed down before the saint and asked his blessing.

elm - olmo

overhead - sobrecarga; arriba, por encima de la cabeza; aéreo

freshness - frescura, frescor

"Do you want me to bow down to you, monk?" said Father Ferapont. "Get up!"

The monk got up.

"Blessing, be blessed! Sit beside me. Where have you come from?"

What most struck the poor monk was the fact that in spite of his strict fasting and great age, Father Ferapont still looked a vigorous old man. He was tall, held himself erect, and had a thin, but fresh and healthy face. There was no doubt he still had considerable strength. He was of athletic build. In spite of his great age he was not even quite gray, and still had very thick hair and a full beard, both of which had once been black. His eyes were gray, large and luminous, but strikingly prominent.

erect - erecto, erguido

athletic - atleta; atlético

full beard - barba completa

luminous - luminoso

He spoke with a broad accent. He was dressed in a peasant's long reddish coat of coarse convict cloth (as it used to be called) and had a stout rope round his waist. His throat and chest were bare. Beneath his coat, his shirt of the coarsest linen showed almost black with dirt, not having been changed for months. They said that he wore irons weighing thirty pounds under his coat. His stockingless feet were thrust in old slippers almost dropping to pieces.

accent - acento, pronunciación

reddish - rojizo, rubescente

waist - cintura

beneath - por debajo; bajo

irons - planchas; férreo, planchar

stockingless - Sin existencias

slippers - zapatillas; zapatilla, pantufla, babucha

"From the little Obdorsk monastery, from St. Sylvester," the monk answered humbly, whilst his keen and inquisitive, but rather frightened little eyes kept watch on the hermit.

whilst - Mientras

inquisitive - inquisitivo, curioso

Hermit - ermitano; ermitano

"I have been at your Sylvester's. I used to stay there. Is Sylvester well?"

The monk hesitated.

"You are a senseless lot! How do you keep the fasts?"

"Our dietary is according to the ancient conventual rules. During Lent there are no meals provided for Monday, Wednesday, and Friday. For Tuesday and Thursday we have white bread, stewed fruit with honey, wild berries, or salt cabbage and wholemeal stirabout. On Saturday white cabbage soup, noodles with peas, kasha, all with hemp oil. On weekdays we have dried fish and kasha with the cabbage soup. From Monday till Saturday evening, six whole days in Holy Week, nothing is cooked, and we have only bread and water, and that sparingly; if possible not taking food every day, just the same as is ordered for first week in Lent. On Good Friday nothing is eaten. In the same way on the Saturday we have to fast till three o'clock, and then take a little bread and water and drink a single cup of wine.

dietary - dietético, alimentario

stewed fruit - fruta guisada

honey - carino; miel, dulzura, carino, tesoro, cielo

berries - bayas; baya

wholemeal - integral

noodles - fideos, tallarines

peas - Guisantes; (pea) Guisantes

hemp - cánamo; cánamo, marihuana, panish: t-needed

weekdays - día de entre semana

dried - secado; seco, secarse, enjugar

sparingly - con moderación; parsimoniosamente

if possible - Si es posible

Good Friday - Viernes Santo

On Holy Thursday we drink wine and have something cooked without oil or not cooked at all, inasmuch as the Laodicean council lays down for Holy Thursday: ˜It is unseemly by remitting the fast on the Holy Thursday to dishonor the whole of Lent!'This is how we keep the fast. But what is that compared with you, holy Father," added the monk, growing more confident, "for all the year round, even at Easter, you take nothing but bread and water, and what we should eat in two days lasts you full seven. It's truly marvelous"your great abstinence."

Laodicean - Laodicea

Council - consejo; concejo

lays - lays; poner, colocar

remitting - remitiendo; remitir, competencia, negociado

more confident - Más seguro de sí mismo

at Easter - En Pascua

eat in - comer en

lasts - dura; último

abstinence - vigilia, abstinencia

"And mushrooms?" asked Father Ferapont, suddenly.

mushrooms - setas; hongo, seta

"Mushrooms?" repeated the surprised monk.

"Yes. I can give up their bread, not needing it at all, and go away into the forest and live there on the mushrooms or the berries, but they can't give up their bread here, wherefore they are in bondage to the devil. Nowadays the unclean deny that there is need of such fasting. Haughty and unclean is their judgment."

wherefore - por qué

nowadays - actualmente, ahora, hoy en día, hoy día, hogano

"Och, true," sighed the monk.

"And have you seen devils among them?" asked Ferapont.

"Among them? Among whom?" asked the monk, timidly.

timidly - tímidamente

"I went to the Father Superior on Trinity Sunday last year, I haven't been since. I saw a devil sitting on one man's chest hiding under his cassock, only his horns poked out; another had one peeping out of his pocket with such sharp eyes, he was afraid of me; another settled in the unclean belly of one, another was hanging round a man's neck, and so he was carrying him about without seeing him."

Trinity - trío, trinidad

horns - cuernos; cuerno

poked - pinchado; meter

sharp eyes - ojo de lince

belly - barriga, panza, vientre, guata

"You"can see spirits?" the monk inquired.

"I tell you I can see, I can see through them. When I was coming out from the Superior's I saw one hiding from me behind the door, and a big one, a yard and a half or more high, with a thick long gray tail, and the tip of his tail was in the crack of the door and I was quick and slammed the door, pinching his tail in it.

see through - ver a través; calar a, apoyar a

tail - cola

crack - rajarse, resquebrajarse

slammed - golpeado; cerrar de golpe

pinching - Pellizcos; (pinch); pellizcar, repizcar, afanar, chorizar

He squealed and began to struggle, and I made the sign of the cross over him three times. And he died on the spot like a crushed spider. He must have rotted there in the corner and be stinking, but they don't see, they don't smell it. It's a year since I have been there. I reveal it to you, as you are a stranger."

squealed - chilló; chillido, chirrido, rechinido, chillar, delatar

Struggle - lucha, forcejeo, brega, luchar, esforzarse con denuedo

rotted - pudriéndose; pudrir, podrir, putrefacción, podre

reveal - revelar, propalar

"Your words are terrible! But, holy and blessed Father," said the monk, growing bolder and bolder, "is it true, as they noise abroad even to distant lands about you, that you are in continual communication with the Holy Ghost?"

ghost - fantasma, espectro, espíritu, aparecido

"He does fly down at times."

"How does he fly down? In what form?"

"As a bird."

"The Holy Ghost in the form of a dove?"

dove - paloma; (dive) paloma

"There's the Holy Ghost and there's the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit can appear as other birds"sometimes as a swallow, sometimes a goldfinch and sometimes as a bluetit."

swallow - tragar, engullir

goldfinch - jilguero, cardelino

"How do you know him from an ordinary tit?"

tit - teta; paro, herrerillo

"He speaks."

"How does he speak, in what language?"

"Human language."

"And what does he tell you?"

"Why, today he told me that a fool would visit me and would ask me unseemly questions. You want to know too much, monk."

"Terrible are your words, most holy and blessed Father," the monk shook his head. But there was a doubtful look in his frightened little eyes.

doubtful - dudoso

"Do you see this tree?" asked Father Ferapont, after a pause.

"I do, blessed Father."

"You think it's an elm, but for me it has another shape."

shape - forma, estado, modelar, formar

"What sort of shape?" inquired the monk, after a pause of vain expectation.

"It happens at night. You see those two branches? In the night it is Christ holding out His arms to me and seeking me with those arms, I see it clearly and tremble. It's terrible, terrible!"

branches - ramas; rama, sucursal, delegación, filial, ramo, ramificar

"What is there terrible if it's Christ Himself?"

"Why, He'll snatch me up and carry me away."

snatch - robar; agarrar, arrebatar, arrancada, arranque


"In the spirit and glory of Elijah, haven't you heard? He will take me in His arms and bear me away."

Elijah - Elías

Though the monk returned to the cell he was sharing with one of the brothers, in considerable perplexity of mind, he still cherished at heart a greater reverence for Father Ferapont than for Father Zossima. He was strongly in favor of fasting, and it was not strange that one who kept so rigid a fast as Father Ferapont should "see marvels." His words seemed certainly queer, but God only could tell what was hidden in those words, and were not worse words and acts commonly seen in those who have sacrificed their intellects for the glory of God? The pinching of the devil's tail he was ready and eager to believe, and not only in the figurative sense. Besides he had, before visiting the monastery, a strong prejudice against the institution of "elders," which he only knew of by hearsay and believed to be a pernicious innovation.

acts - actos; acto, ley, acción, hecho, actuar

intellects - inteligencias; intelecto

figurative - en sentido figurado; figurativo, figurado, traslaticio

prejudice - prejuicios; prejuicio, perjudicar, prejuiciar

by hearsay - de oídas

Before he had been long at the monastery, he had detected the secret murmurings of some shallow brothers who disliked the institution. He was, besides, a meddlesome, inquisitive man, who poked his nose into everything. This was why the news of the fresh "miracle" performed by Father Zossima reduced him to extreme perplexity. Alyosha remembered afterwards how their inquisitive guest from Obdorsk had been continually flitting to and fro from one group to another, listening and asking questions among the monks that were crowding within and without the elder's cell. But he did not pay much attention to him at the time, and only recollected it afterwards.

detected - detectado; detectar, sentir

murmurings - murmullos

meddlesome - entrometido

flitting - evoloteando; (flit); revolotear

recollected - recuerdas; recordar, acordarse de

He had no thought to spare for it indeed, for when Father Zossima, feeling tired again, had gone back to bed, he thought of Alyosha as he was closing his eyes, and sent for him. Alyosha ran at once. There was no one else in the cell but Father PaĂŻssy, Father Iosif, and the novice Porfiry. The elder, opening his weary eyes and looking intently at Alyosha, asked him suddenly:

gone back - volver

weary - cansado, cansino, cansar

"Are your people expecting you, my son?"

Alyosha hesitated.

"Haven't they need of you? Didn't you promise some one yesterday to see them today?"

"I did promise"to my father"my brothers"others too."

"You see, you must go. Don't grieve. Be sure I shall not die without your being by to hear my last word. To you I will say that word, my son, it will be my last gift to you. To you, dear son, because you love me. But now go to keep your promise."

Alyosha immediately obeyed, though it was hard to go. But the promise that he should hear his last word on earth, that it should be the last gift to him, Alyosha, sent a thrill of rapture through his soul. He made haste that he might finish what he had to do in the town and return quickly. Father PaĂŻssy, too, uttered some words of exhortation which moved and surprised him greatly. He spoke as they left the cell together.

"Remember, young man, unceasingly," Father PaĂŻssy began, without preface, "that the science of this world, which has become a great power, has, especially in the last century, analyzed everything divine handed down to us in the holy books. After this cruel analysis the learned of this world have nothing left of all that was sacred of old. But they have only analyzed the parts and overlooked the whole, and indeed their blindness is marvelous. Yet the whole still stands steadfast before their eyes, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. Has it not lasted nineteen centuries, is it not still a living, a moving power in the individual soul and in the masses of people? It is still as strong and living even in the souls of atheists, who have destroyed everything!

preface - prefacio, introducir

great power - un gran poder

analyzed - analizado; analizar

analysis - análisis

blindness - ceguera

steadfast - firmes; firme

For even those who have renounced Christianity and attack it, in their inmost being still follow the Christian ideal, for hitherto neither their subtlety nor the ardor of their hearts has been able to create a higher ideal of man and of virtue than the ideal given by Christ of old. When it has been attempted, the result has been only grotesque. Remember this especially, young man, since you are being sent into the world by your departing elder. Maybe, remembering this great day, you will not forget my words, uttered from the heart for your guidance, seeing you are young, and the temptations of the world are great and beyond your strength to endure. Well, now go, my orphan."

inmost - intimo

subtlety - delicadeza, sutileza

attempted - intentado; intentar, tentativa, intento, ensayo

great day - un gran día

With these words Father PaĂŻssy blessed him. As Alyosha left the monastery and thought them over, he suddenly realized that he had met a new and unexpected friend, a warmly loving teacher, in this austere monk who had hitherto treated him sternly. It was as though Father Zossima had bequeathed him to him at his death, and "perhaps that's just what had passed between them," Alyosha thought suddenly. The philosophic reflections he had just heard so unexpectedly testified to the warmth of Father PaĂŻssy's heart.

bequeathed - egado; heredar, legar, dejar, ceder, transmitir

philosophic - filosófica

reflections - reflexiones; reflexión, reflejo

He was in haste to arm the boy's mind for conflict with temptation and to guard the young soul left in his charge with the strongest defense he could imagine.

guard - guarda, guardia, guardés, guarda, tapador, bloque

charge with - acusar; cargar con

Chapter II. At His Father's

First of all, Alyosha went to his father. On the way he remembered that his father had insisted the day before that he should come without his brother Ivan seeing him. "Why so?" Alyosha wondered suddenly. "Even if my father has something to say to me alone, why should I go in unseen? Most likely in his excitement yesterday he meant to say something different," he decided.

Yet he was very glad when Marfa Ignatyevna, who opened the garden gate to him (Grigory, it appeared, was ill in bed in the lodge), told him in answer to his question that Ivan Fyodorovitch had gone out two hours ago.

gone out - marcharse, salir, apagarse

"And my father?"

"He is up, taking his coffee," Marfa answered somewhat dryly.

dryly - secamente