wild - sauvage; pétulant, grose, sauvage
Jack - Jeannot, Jacques, Jacob, Jack
"Old longings nomadic leap,
nomadic - nomade
leap - saut; sauter
Chafing at custom's chain;
chafing - les frottements; chauffer en frictionnant, inflammation
custom - coutume, us, connaissance, droit de douane, sur mesure
chain - chaîne, enchaîner
Again from its brumal sleep
brumal - brumal
Wakens the ferine strain."
strain - souche; accablement
Buck did not read the newspapers, or he would have known that trouble was brewing, not alone for himself, but for every tide-water dog, strong of muscle and with warm, long hair, from Puget Sound to San Diego. Because men, groping in the Arctic darkness, had found a yellow metal, and because steamship and transportation companies were booming the find, thousands of men were rushing into the Northland.
Buck - buck; mâle
trouble - des problemes; ; peine, mal, probleme, emmerde, checksouci
brewing - brassage; (brew); brassage
alone - seul
tide - marée; marées, reflux, marée
muscle - muscle
groping - tripotage; tâter, tâtonner, tâtonner, tripoter, peloter
Arctic - l'arctique; arctique, arctique, Arctique
darkness - l'obscurité; ; obscurité, ténebres
metal - métal, metal
Steamship - bateau a vapeur; ; bateau a vapeur
transportation - le transport; ; transport, transportation, transport
booming - en plein essor; (boom) en plein essor
rushing - se précipiter; (rush) se précipiter
Northland - Northland
These men wanted dogs, and the dogs they wanted were heavy dogs, with strong muscles by which to toil, and furry coats to protect them from the frost.
heavy - lourd; emporté, lourd
muscles - muscles; muscle, muscle
toil - labeur; ; travailler
furry - a fourrure; ; poilu, velu, furry
protect - protéger
frost - givre, gel
Buck lived at a big house in the sun-kissed Santa Clara Valley. Judge Miller's place, it was called. It stood back from the road, half hidden among the trees, through which glimpses could be caught of the wide cool veranda that ran around its four sides. The house was approached by gravelled driveways which wound about through wide-spreading lawns and under the interlacing boughs of tall poplars. At the rear things were on even a more spacious scale than at the front.
kissed - embrassée; (s'')embrasser
Valley - la vallée; ; vallée, val
judge - juge; juge, juger
miller - miller; ; Meunier, Dumoulin
stood back - s'est tenu a l'écart
hidden - caché; (se) cacher
among - parmi
glimpses - des aperçus; aperçu, entrevoir
be caught - etre attrapé
wide - large
veranda - véranda
sides - côtés; côté
approached - approché; (s'')approcher (de)
gravelled - gravillonné; graviers-p, gravillons-p, gravier, gravier, gravier
driveways - les voies d'acces; allée
wound - blessons, blessent, blessez, blessure, blesser
lawns - pelouses; pelouse
interlacing - l'entrelacement; entrelacer, entrelacer
boughs - rameaux; branche
poplars - les peupliers; peuplier
rear - arriere; verso, élever
spacious - spacieux, ample, grand, logeable
scale - échelle; escaladez, escalader, escaladent, gravir, bareme
There were great stables, where a dozen grooms and boys held forth, rows of vine-clad servants'cottages, an endless and orderly array of outhouses, long grape arbors, green pastures, orchards, and berry patches. Then there was the pumping plant for the artesian well, and the big cement tank where Judge Miller's boys took their morning plunge and kept cool in the hot afternoon.
dozen - douzaine, dizaine
grooms - mariés; garçon d''écurie
held - détenus; (main)tenir
forth - avant; en avant
rows - rangées; rang(ée)
vine - vigne; ; grimpante
clad - vetu; nippé; (clothe); vetir, habiller
servants - serviteurs; serviteur, domestique, servante, domestique, fr
cottages - chalets; cottage
endless - sans fin; ; infini, interminable, perpétuel
orderly - ordonné, planton
array - gamme, kyrielle, ribambelle, éventail, tableau
grape - raisin
pastures - pâturages; pâture, pâturage, pré, prairie
orchards - vergers; verger, arbre fruitier
berry - baies; baie
patches - des correctifs; piece, rustine
pumping - pompage; pompe
artesian - artésien
cement - le ciment; ; ciment, ciment, colle, adhésif, cimenter
tank - réservoir; tank, cuirass, char
plunge - plonger; plonger
kept cool - gardé au frais
And over this great demesne Buck ruled. Here he was born, and here he had lived the four years of his life. It was true, there were other dogs, There could not but be other dogs on so vast a place, but they did not count. They came and went, resided in the populous kennels, or lived obscurely in the recesses of the house after the fashion of Toots, the Japanese pug, or Ysabel, the Mexican hairless,-strange creatures that rarely put nose out of doors or set foot to ground.
vast - vaste; ; vaste
count - compter; compter, comptent, comptez, comptons, comte
resided - a résidé; habiter, résider, demeurer, résider
populous - populeux
kennels - chenils; niche
obscurely - obscurément
recesses - les récréations; reces, vacances-p, récréation, récré, pause
fashion - la mode; ; mode, vogue, façon, façonner
Toots - les toots; (toot) les toots
Japanese - japonais, Japonais, Japonaise, Nippon, Nippone
pug - carlin; carlin
Mexican - Mexicain, Mexicaine
hairless - sans poils; ; glabre
strange - étrange, anormal, inconnu, étranger
creatures - créatures; créature, etre
rarely - rarement
out of doors - a l'extérieur
set - set; ; Seth
ground - sol, foncierere, terre, terrain; (grind) sol, foncierere, terre
On the other hand, there were the fox terriers, a score of them at least, who yelped fearful promises at Toots and Ysabel looking out of the windows at them and protected by a legion of housemaids armed with brooms and mops.
fox - renard, goupil, rench: t-needed r, roublard, retors, bombe
terriers - terriers; (fox-)terrier
score - nombre de point oints, score, note, vingtaine
yelped - a glapi; japper
fearful - effrayant, redoutable, peureux, craintif, terrible, affreux
promises - des promesses; vou, promesse, promesse, promettre
protected - protégé; protéger
legion - légion
brooms - balais; balai
mops - serpillieres; serpilliere, qualifier
But Buck was neither house-dog nor kennel-dog. The whole realm was his. He plunged into the swimming tank or went hunting with the Judge's sons; he escorted Mollie and Alice, the Judge's daughters, on long twilight or early morning rambles; on wintry nights he lay at the Judge's feet before the roaring library fire; he carried the Judge's grandsons on his back, or rolled them in the grass, and guarded their footsteps through wild adventures down to the fountain in the stable yard, and even beyond, where the paddocks were, and the berry patches.
neither - ni l'un ni l'autre; ; aucun des deux, ni X ni Y, non plus
nor - ni; ; NON-OU
kennel - chenil; niche
realm - domaine, royaume
plunged - plongé; plonger
hunting - la chasse; (hunt); chasser, chercher, chasse
escorted - escorté; escorte, escorter
twilight - demi-jour, crépuscule, entre chien et loup, pénombre, brumes
rambles - divagations; flâner, se balader, divaguer, radoter
wintry - hivernal, hibernal
lay - laique; pondre, pose
grandsons - petits-fils; petit-fils
rolled - roulé; rouleau
grass - l'herbe; ; herbe, pelouse, gazon, beuh, balance, moucharder
guarded - gardé; garde, garde, garde, protection, gardien, arriere
Footsteps - des pas; empreinte, trace de pas, pas, bruit de pas, marche
adventures - aventures; (adventure) aventures
fountain - fontaine
stable - étable, écurie, stable, ferme
beyond - au-dela; ; au-dela, par-dela
paddocks - paddocks; enclos
Among the terriers he stalked imperiously, and Toots and Ysabel he utterly ignored, for he was king,-king over all creeping, crawling, flying things of Judge Miller's place, humans included.
stalked - traqué; tige
imperiously - impérieusement
utterly - tout a fait
ignored - ignorée; ignorer, ne pas preter attention a
king - roi; dame, roi
creeping - rampant; ramper, rampement, fatigue, fluage, reptation
crawling - a quatre pattes; (crawl) a quatre pattes
humans - humains; humain, humain
His father, Elmo, a huge St. Bernard, had been the Judge's inseparable companion, and Buck bid fair to follow in the way of his father. He was not so large,-he weighed only one hundred and forty pounds,-for his mother, Shep, had been a Scotch shepherd dog.
huge - énorme
St. Bernard - St. Bernard
inseparable - inséparables; ; inséparable
companion - compagnon, compagne
bid - offre; impératifs, prier
fair - équitable; blond, exposition, foire, marché, kermesse, juste
weighed - pesée; peser, peser, peser, peser, lever l’ancre
Scotch - du scotch; ; Écossais, scotch
shepherd dog - Un chien de berger
Nevertheless, one hundred and forty pounds, to which was added the dignity that comes of good living and universal respect, enabled him to carry himself in right royal fashion. During the four years since his puppyhood he had lived the life of a sated aristocrat; he had a fine pride in himself, was even a trifle egotistical, as country gentlemen sometimes become because of their insular situation. But he had saved himself by not becoming a mere pampered house-dog. Hunting and kindred outdoor delights had kept down the fat and hardened his muscles; and to him, as to the cold-tubbing races, the love of water had been a tonic and a health preserver.
nevertheless - néanmoins, toutefois, pourtant, malgré tout
dignity - dignité, forme, rang
good living - bien vivre
universal - universel
respect - respect, respecter
enabled - activée; autoriser, permettre, permettre, activer
Royal - royal, royale, trochure, cacatois
Since - depuis lors; ; depuis, depuis que, puisque, vu que
puppyhood - l'état de chiot
aristocrat - aristocrate
pride - l'orgueil; ; orgueil, fierté, fierté
trifle - bagatelle, broutille, babiole, bricole
egotistical - égoiste
gentlemen - messieurs; gentilhomme, monsieur, messieurs-p
insular - insulaire
saved - sauvée; sauver, sauvegarder, épargner, préserver, protéger
mere - simple; simple
pampered - choyé; choyer, dorloter
kindred - apparentés; ; tribu
outdoor - a l'extérieur; ; de plein air, d’extérieur, en plein air
delights - des délices; plaisir, délice, joie, enchanter, ravir
tubbing - tubbing; (tub); bassine, rafiot
races - les courses; course
tonic - tonique; réconfortante, tonique
preserver - conservateur
And this was the manner of dog Buck was in the fall of 1897, when the Klondike strike dragged men from all the world into the frozen North. But Buck did not read the newspapers, and he did not know that Manuel, one of the gardener's helpers, was an undesirable acquaintance. Manuel had one besetting sin.
manner - maniere; ; maniere, façon, mode
Klondike - Klondike
strike - greve; ; biffer, rayer, barrer, frapper, battre, faire greve
dragged - traîné; tirer, entraîner
frozen - gelé; geler
gardener - jardinier, jardiniere
helpers - des aides; assistant, assistante
undesirable - indésirable
acquaintance - une connaissance; ; relation
besetting - l'assaillant; assaillir
sin - péché; péché, mal
He loved to play Chinese lottery. Also, in his gambling, he had one besetting weakness-faith in a system; and this made his damnation certain. For to play a system requires money, while the wages of a gardener's helper do not lap over the needs of a wife and numerous progeny.
Chinese - chinois, chinois, langue chinoise
lottery - loterie
gambling - les jeux d'argent; ; jeu de hasard
weakness - faiblesse, point faible
Faith - la foi; ; foi, rench:, confiance
system - systeme; ; systeme
damnation - damnation
Certain - certain, quelconque
requires - exige; exiger, demander, avoir besoin de, requérir, nécessiter
wages - les salaires; s''engager dans
helper - aide; ; assistant, assistante
lap - tour; clapoter
numerous - nombreux
progeny - descendant, progéniture, descendance
The Judge was at a meeting of the Raisin Growers'Association, and the boys were busy organizing an athletic club, on the memorable night of Manuel's treachery. No one saw him and Buck go off through the orchard on what Buck imagined was merely a stroll. And with the exception of a solitary man, no one saw them arrive at the little flag station known as College Park. This man talked with Manuel, and money chinked between them.
raisin - raisin sec; raisin sec
Growers - les producteurs; maraîcher (produce)
Association - association
organizing - l'organisation; organiser
athletic - athlétique, sportif
memorable - mémorable
treachery - trahison; ; traîtrise
orchard - verger, arbre fruitier
merely - simplement, uniquement, seulement
stroll - promenade, flânerie, balade, promener
exception - exception
solitary - solitaire; solitaire, seul, un a un
flag - drapeau; étendard, drapeau, fanion, pavillon
chinked - chinked; fente, fissure
"You might wrap up the goods before you deliver 'm," the stranger said gruffly, and Manuel doubled a piece of stout rope around Buck's neck under the collar.
wrap up - conclure
deliver - accoucher, livrer, remettre
Stranger - étranger; (strang) étranger
gruffly - avec rudesse
doubled - doublé; double, double, double, double, sosie, double, doublon
stout - stout; solide
rope - corde; funiculaire, corde
neck - cou; cou, kiki
collar - col, collier
"Twist it, an'you'll choke 'm plentee," said Manuel, and the stranger grunted a ready affirmative.
twist - twist, torsion, entortiller, tordre
choke - l'étranglement; étouffer, étouffez, suffoquer, laminer
grunted - grogné; grognement, bidasse, troufion, grogner
affirmative - affirmatif, phrase affirmative
Buck had accepted the rope with quiet dignity. To be sure, it was an unwonted performance: but he had learned to trust in men he knew, and to give them credit for a wisdom that outreached his own. But when the ends of the rope were placed in the stranger's hands, he growled menacingly. He had merely intimated his displeasure, in his pride believing that to intimate was to command. But to his surprise the rope tightened around his neck, shutting off his breath. In quick rage he sprang at the man, who met him halfway, grappled him close by the throat, and with a deft twist threw him over on his back. Then the rope tightened mercilessly, while Buck struggled in a fury, his tongue lolling out of his mouth and his great chest panting futilely.
accepted - acceptée; accepter, accepter (de), prendre sur soi
unwonted - inhabituel
performance - exécution, performance, représentation, prestation
trust - confiance, trust, faire confiance, avoir foi en quelqu’un
credit - crédit, mérite, reconnaissance, attribution, générique
wisdom - la sagesse; ; sagesse
outreached - a l'étranger; atteinte, portée, étendue, rench: -neededr
growled - a grogné; feulement, grognement, borborygme, gargouillement
menacingly - de façon menaçante
intimated - intimidée; intime
displeasure - mécontentement; dépncisir, courroux, mécontentement
Command - commandement, ordre, maîtrise, commande, commander, ordonner
surprise - surprise, surprendre, étonner
tightened - serré; serrer, se resserrer, resserrer les taux
shutting - la fermeture; fermer
breath - respiration, souffle, haleine
rage - rage, furie, fureur, courroux, rager, faire rage
halfway - a mi-chemin; ; mi-chemin
grappled - empoigné; en venir aux mains/prises avec
throat - gorge, goulot
deft - deft; ; adroit, compétent, habile
threw - jeté; jeter, lancer
mercilessly - sans pitié
struggled - en difficulté; lutte, lutter, s'efforcer, combattre
tongue - langue, languette
chest - poitrine; sein, poitrine, commode, coffre
panting - haletant; (pant) haletant
futilely - futilement
Never in all his life had he been so vilely treated, and never in all his life had he been so angry. But his strength ebbed, his eyes glazed, and he knew nothing when the train was flagged and the two men threw him into the baggage car.
vilely - vilement
treated - traité; négocier, traiter, traiter, régaler, traiter, guérir
strength - la force; ; force, vigueur, effectif, point fort
ebbed - ebbed; reflux, jusant, reflux, refluer, décliner
glazed - vitrifié; glaçure, émail, glacis, glaçage, givre, glaçage
flagged - signalée; drapeau
baggage car - voiture a bagages
The next he knew, he was dimly aware that his tongue was hurting and that he was being jolted along in some kind of a conveyance. The hoarse shriek of a locomotive whistling a crossing told him where he was. He had travelled too often with the Judge not to know the sensation of riding in a baggage car.
dimly - faiblement, obscurément, vaguement, confusément
aware - conscient; ; attentif, vigilant, en éveil, en alerte
hurting - en souffrance; faire mal, blesser, faire mal, blesser, blessé
jolted - secoué; ballotter, cahoter, secouer, soubresaut, secousse
along - le long de, accompagné, rench: t-needed r
hoarse - rauque; rauque, rugueux
shriek - cri; ; hurlement, crier
locomotive - locomotive
whistling - siffler; (whistle); sifflet, siffler, sifflement, sifflements
Crossing - carrefour, croisement, traversée; (cross); croix
sensation - sensation
baggage - bagages; effets, colis
He opened his eyes, and into them came the unbridled anger of a kidnapped king. The man sprang for his throat, but Buck was too quick for him. His jaws closed on the hand, nor did they relax till his senses were choked out of him once more.
unbridled - débridée; débrider, débrider
anger - la colere; ; colere, ire, courroux, rage
kidnapped - kidnappé; enlever, kidnapper, ravir, enlevement, kidnapping
jaws - mâchoires; mâchoire
senses - sens; sens, sens, sens, sens, sens, acception, sentir, sentir
choked - étouffé; suffoquer, étouffer
"Yep, has fits," the man said, hiding his mangled hand from the baggageman, who had been attracted by the sounds of struggle. "I'm takin''m up for the boss to 'Frisco. A crack dog-doctor there thinks that he can cure 'm."
Yep - yep; ; ouaip, mouais, moui, voui
fits - s'adapte; en forme
hiding - se cacher; (hid) se cacher
mangled - mutilée; écraser, mutiler
baggageman - bagagiste
attracted - attiré; attirer, attirer
Struggle - lutte, lutter, s'efforcer, combattre
boss - patron; dabe, patron, entreprenneur
crack - crack; croustiller, fissure, craquement, fracas, craquer
cure - guérir; guérissez, guérissent, cicatriser, guérison
Concerning that night's ride, the man spoke most eloquently for himself, in a little shed back of a saloon on the San Francisco water front.
concerning - concernant; inquiétude, souci, soin, souci, préoccupation
eloquently - avec éloquence
shed - hangar; hangar, verser, stand, kiosque, échoppe
saloon - saloon
"All I get is fifty for it," he grumbled; "an'I wouldn't do it over for a thousand, cold cash."
grumbled - grommelé; grondement, gargouillement, grondement, grognement
cash - de l'argent liquide; encaisser, percevoir, especes
His hand was wrapped in a bloody handkerchief, and the right trouser leg was ripped from knee to ankle.
wrapped - enveloppé; enrouler (autour de)
bloody - sanglante
handkerchief - mouchoir
trouser - pantalon
ripped - déchiré; (se) déchirer
ankle - cheville
"How much did the other mug get?" the saloon-keeper demanded.
mug - mug; broc
keeper - gardien, gardienne, perle, conservateur, conservatrice
demanded - demandée; demande, demande, exigence, exiger
"A hundred," was the reply. "Wouldn't take a sou less, so help me."
reply - répondre, réponse
sou - sou
"That makes a hundred and fifty," the saloon-keeper calculated; "and he's worth it, or I'm a squarehead."
calculated - calculée; calculer, calculer
worth - valeur; valeur
squarehead - tete carrée
The kidnapper undid the bloody wrappings and looked at his lacerated hand. "If I don't get the hydrophoby-"
kidnapper - ravisseur, ravisseuse, kidnappeur, kidnappeuse
undid - défait; défaire
lacerated - lacéré; lacérer
hydrophoby - hydrophobie
"It'll be because you was born to hang," laughed the saloon-keeper. "Here, lend me a hand before you pull your freight," he added.
hang - pendre; pendre, planement
lend - preter; preter, pretons, conférer, pretent, emprunter
pull - tirer, retirer, tirer un coup, influence
freight - le fret; fret
Dazed, suffering intolerable pain from throat and tongue, with the life half throttled out of him, Buck attempted to face his tormentors. But he was thrown down and choked repeatedly, till they succeeded in filing the heavy brass collar from off his neck. Then the rope was removed, and he was flung into a cagelike crate.
dazed - étourdi; stupéfaction, étourdir, abasourdir
suffering - la souffrance; ; souffrance, douleur, souffrance
intolerable - intolérable
pain - douleur; mal, diuleur, douleur
throttled - étranglé; accélérateur, arrivée de gaz
attempted - tenté; tenter, essayer, tentative, attentat
tormentors - les bourreaux; bourreau
thrown down - jeté a terre
repeatedly - de façon répétée
succeeded - a réussi; succéder, réussir, avoir du succes
filing - le classement; ; limaille; (fil) le classement; ; limaille
brass - laiton; laiton, airain
removed - supprimée; enlever
flung - jeté; lancer
cagelike - cagelike
crate - caisse
There he lay for the remainder of the weary night, nursing his wrath and wounded pride. He could not understand what it all meant. What did they want with him, these strange men? Why were they keeping him pent up in this narrow crate? He did not know why, but he felt oppressed by the vague sense of impending calamity. Several times during the night he sprang to his feet when the shed door rattled open, expecting to see the Judge, or the boys at least.
remainder - reste, restant, checkreste, checkrésidu, checkinvendu
weary - fatigué; ; las, lasser
wrath - colere; ; fureur, courroux, ire, colere
pent - pent
narrow - étroite; pressé, étroit
oppressed - opprimés; opprimer, oppresser
vague - vague
sense - sens, acception, sentir
calamity - calamité
several - plusieurs
rattled - secouée; (faire) cliqueter
But each time it was the bulging face of the saloon-keeper that peered in at him by the sickly light of a tallow candle. And each time the joyful bark that trembled in Buck's throat was twisted into a savage growl.
bulging - gonflement; bombement, bosse, protubérance, bomber, déformer
peered - regardé; pair
sickly - malade; ; maladif, souffreteux, chétif, valétudinaire, douçâtre
tallow candle - bougie de suif
joyful - allegre, joyeux
bark - l'écorce; écorce, coque, aboyer
trembled - tremblait; trembler, vibrer, trembler, tremblement, vibration
twisted - tordu; twist, torsion, entortiller, tordre
savage - barbare, féroce, sauvage
growl - feulement, grognement, borborygme, gargouillement, grincement
But the saloon-keeper let him alone, and in the morning four men entered and picked up the crate. More tormentors, Buck decided, for they were evil-looking creatures, ragged and unkempt; and he stormed and raged at them through the bars. They only laughed and poked sticks at him, which he promptly assailed with his teeth till he realized that that was what they wanted. Whereupon he lay down sullenly and allowed the crate to be lifted into a wagon.
entered - a pénétré; entrer, rench: -neededr, taper, saisir
picked - choisi; pioche, passe-partout, choix, écran, prendre, cueillir
evil - le mal; mauvais, torve
ragged - dépenaillé, loqueteuxse; (rag) dépenaillé, loqueteuxse
unkempt - mal entretenu; ; ébouriffé
stormed - pris d'assaut; orage, tempete
raged - enragée; rage, furie, fureur, courroux, rager, faire rage
bars - bars; barre, tablette
poked - poké; enfoncer (dans)
sticks - bâtons; enfoncer
promptly - rapidement
assailed - assailli; assaillir
realized - réalisé; réaliser, se rendre compte, prendre conscience
sullenly - maussade
allowed - autorisé; laisser, accorder, accorder, permettre, laisser
lifted - soulevée; soulever
wagon - wagon; ; charrette
Then he, and the crate in which he was imprisoned, began a passage through many hands. Clerks in the express office took charge of him; he was carted about in another wagon; a truck carried him, with an assortment of boxes and parcels, upon a ferry steamer; he was trucked off the steamer into a great railway depot, and finally he was deposited in an express car.
imprisoned - emprisonné; emprisonner, mettre en prison
passage - passage; corridoir, passage, couloir
clerks - commis; greffier
express - express; express, exprimons, exprimez, exprimer, expriment
charge - frais, charge, chef d’accusation, chef d’inculpation, meuble
carted - charrié; charrette
assortment - l'assortiment; ; assortiment
parcels - colis; colis, paquet, parcelle, empaqueter, emballer, envelopper
upon - sur, a
ferry - bac, ferry, transbordeur
steamer - vapeur
trucked - camionné; (de) camion
Railway - chemins de fer; ; chemin de fer, réseau ferroviaire, voie ferrée
depot - dépôt, dépôt
finally - enfin, définitivement
deposited - déposé; dépôt, gisement, dépôt, dépôt, acompte, arrhes-p
For two days and nights this express car was dragged along at the tail of shrieking locomotives; and for two days and nights Buck neither ate nor drank. In his anger he had met the first advances of the express messengers with growls, and they had retaliated by teasing him. When he flung himself against the bars, quivering and frothing, they laughed at him and taunted him. They growled and barked like detestable dogs, mewed, and flapped their arms and crowed. It was all very silly, he knew; but therefore the more outrage to his dignity, and his anger waxed and waxed. He did not mind the hunger so much, but the lack of water caused him severe suffering and fanned his wrath to fever-pitch.
tail - queue; queue
shrieking - des cris; (shriek); hurlement, crier
locomotives - locomotives; locomotive
advances - des avancées; élever, avancer, avancer, avancée, progression
Messengers - les messagers; messager, coursier
growls - grogne; feulement, grognement, borborygme, gargouillement
retaliated - a pris des mesures de rétorsion; riposter
teasing - taquineries; (teas) taquineries
against - contre, face a, pour
quivering - tremblant; frémir
frothing - l'écume; mousse, écume
laughed at - dont on se moque
taunted - raillé; accabler de sarcasmes
barked - aboyé; aboiement
detestable - détestable
mewed - miaulé; miauler
flapped - battu; pan
crowed - la foule; corneille
silly - stupide; ; sot, insensé, idiot, bete
therefore - par conséquent, en conséquence, donc, pour ça
outrage - l'indignation; ; outrage, offense, colere, rage, indignation
waxed - ciré; cire
mind - l'esprit; ; esprit, raison, intelligence, mémoire
hunger - la faim; faim
lack - manque; manque
caused - causée; cause, raison, cause, causer
severe - sévere; ; grave, sévere
fanned - ventilé; éventail
fever - de la fievre; ; fievre
pitch - de l'emplacement; dresser
For that matter, high-strung and finely sensitive, the ill treatment had flung him into a fever, which was fed by the inflammation of his parched and swollen throat and tongue.
matter - matiere; ; matiere, affaire, question, cause, substance
strung - cordée; corde, corde, suite, série, chaîne de caracteres, corde
finely - finement
sensitive - sensible
ill - malade, écouré, écourée
treatment - traitement
fed - alimentée, alimentées, alimenterent
inflammation - l'inflammation; ; inflammation
parched - desséché; assoiffer
swollen - gonflé; enfler, gonfler
He was glad for one thing: the rope was off his neck. That had given them an unfair advantage; but now that it was off, he would show them. They would never get another rope around his neck. Upon that he was resolved. For two days and nights he neither ate nor drank, and during those two days and nights of torment, he accumulated a fund of wrath that boded ill for whoever first fell foul of him.
Glad - heureux; heureuse
unfair - injuste, déloyal
advantage - avantage, avantager, favoriser
resolved - résolu; prendre la résolution de
those - ceux-ci; ; ces, celles-la, ceux-la
torment - tourments; ; tourment, tourmenter
accumulated - accumulés; accumuler, accumuler
fund - fonds, financer
boded - boded; présager
Whoever - quiconque, qui que ce soit qui
foul - la faute; infâme
His eyes turned blood-shot, and he was metamorphosed into a raging fiend. So changed was he that the Judge himself would not have recognized him; and the express messengers breathed with relief when they bundled him off the train at Seattle.
shot - tir; tirai, tiré, tirâmes, tirerent, tira
metamorphosed - métamorphosé; métamorphiser, métamorphiser
raging - enragée; rage, furie, fureur, courroux, rager, faire rage
fiend - fieffé; ; démon, monstre, addict
recognized - reconnu; reconnaître
breathed - respiré; respirer, inspirer, expirer, respirer
relief - secours; allégement, relief, soulagement
bundled - regroupés; faisceau, fagot, paquet, paquet, ballot (of goods)
Four men gingerly carried the crate from the wagon into a small, high-walled back yard. A stout man, with a red sweater that sagged generously at the neck, came out and signed the book for the driver. That was the man, Buck divined, the next tormentor, and he hurled himself savagely against the bars. The man smiled grimly, and brought a hatchet and a club.
gingerly - avec précaution; ; doucement, précautionneusement
sagged - s'est affaissée; (s'')affaisser (sous un poids)
signed - signé; signe
divined - diviné; divin
tormentor - bourreau
hurled - lancé; projeter, débecter, débecqueter
savagely - sauvagement
smiled - souriait; sourire, sourire
grimly - sinistre
hatchet - hachette
"You ain't going to take him out now?" the driver asked.
ain - Ain
"Sure," the man replied, driving the hatchet into the crate for a pry.
replied - a répondu; répondre, réponse, réponse
pry - pry; fouiner
There was an instantaneous scattering of the four men who had carried it in, and from safe perches on top the wall they prepared to watch the performance.
instantaneous - instantanée; ; instantané
scattering - la dispersion; ; diffusion, éparpillement; (scatter); disperser
safe - sur; ; en sécurité, o longer in danger, sans danger, sur, sauf
perches - des perchoirs; perchoir
top - haut; ; dessus, sommet, couvercle, hune, premiere demi-manche
Buck rushed at the splintering wood, sinking his teeth into it, surging and wrestling with it. Wherever the hatchet fell on the outside, he was there on the inside, snarling and growling, as furiously anxious to get out as the man in the red sweater was calmly intent on getting him out.
rushed - précipité; se précipiter, emmener d''urgence
wood - du bois; (de) bois
sinking - en train de couler; ; naufrage; (sink); couler, s'enfoncer
surging - en hausse; enflant; (surge); montée, poussée, vague, afflux
wrestling - la lutte; ; lutte, catch; (wrestle); lutter
wherever - ou
inside - a l'intérieur; ; intérieur, dedans, au-dedans, la-dedans
growling - grognement; (growl); feulement, grognement, borborygme
furiously - furieusement
anxious - anxieux, désireux
calmly - calmement; ; paisiblement
intent on - l'intention
"Now, you red-eyed devil," he said, when he had made an opening sufficient for the passage of Buck's body. At the same time he dropped the hatchet and shifted the club to his right hand.
devil - Diable, Satan, type
sufficient - suffisante; ; suffisant
dropped - a déposé; goutte
shifted - décalé; quart, équipe, poste, décalage, vitesse
And Buck was truly a red-eyed devil, as he drew himself together for the spring, hair bristling, mouth foaming, a mad glitter in his blood-shot eyes. Straight at the man he launched his one hundred and forty pounds of fury, surcharged with the pent passion of two days and nights. In mid air, just as his jaws were about to close on the man, he received a shock that checked his body and brought his teeth together with an agonizing clip. He whirled over, fetching the ground on his back and side.
truly - vraiment
bristling - se hérisser; soie, poil, se hérisser
foaming - la mousse; spumeux, mousseux, moussant; (foam); écume, mousse
mad - fou, folle, fol, fâché, en colere
glitter - paillettes; ; étincellement, paillette, briller
straight - droit, rectiligne, comme il faut, pur, pure, hétéro, tout droit
launched - lancé; lancer
surcharged - surtaxé; surcharge
passion - passion
mid - moyenne; mi-, au milieu de, en plein
received - reçu; recevoir, recevoir, recevoir, recevoir
shock - choc; choquons, offusquer, choquez, choquer, secouer
clip - clip; découper, tondre
whirled - tourbillonné; tourbillonner
fetching - fetching; aller chercher
side - côté; parti, côté, flanc
He had never been struck by a club in his life, and did not understand. With a snarl that was part bark and more scream he was again on his feet and launched into the air. And again the shock came and he was brought crushingly to the ground. This time he was aware that it was the club, but his madness knew no caution. A dozen times he charged, and as often the club broke the charge and smashed him down.
struck - frappé; biffer, rayer, barrer, frapper, battre, frapper
snarl - grogner; grondement
scream - cri, crier
crushingly - de maniere écrasante
madness - la folie; ; folie
caution - prudence; ; admonition, checkavertissement, checkmise en garde
charged - chargé; frais-p, charge, chef d’accusation, chef d’inculpation
smashed - écrasé; smash, fracasser, percuter, écraser
After a particularly fierce blow, he crawled to his feet, too dazed to rush. He staggered limply about, the blood flowing from nose and mouth and ears, his beautiful coat sprayed and flecked with bloody slaver. Then the man advanced and deliberately dealt him a frightful blow on the nose. All the pain he had endured was as nothing compared with the exquisite agony of this.
particularly - en particulier
fierce - féroce
blow - souffler; souffler, soufflons, soufflent, soufflez, coup
crawled - rampé; ramper
rush - rush; ruée, affluence, gazer, galoper, bousculer
staggered - en décalé; tituber
flowing - en cours d'exécution; couler
sprayed - pulvérisé; (nuage de) gouttelettes, pulvérisation
flecked - moucheté; tache, flocon, frarticule (1), froucheture, moucheter
slaver - esclavagiste; (Slav); Slave
advanced - avancé; élever, avancer, avancer, avancée, progression, progres
deliberately - délibérément
dealt - traité; marché, affaire
frightful - effrayante; ; effrayant
endured - enduré; endurer, perdurer, supporter
exquisite - exquis
agony - l'agonie; ; agonie, angoisse
With a roar that was almost lionlike in its ferocity, he again hurled himself at the man. But the man, shifting the club from right to left, coolly caught him by the under jaw, at the same time wrenching downward and backward. Buck described a complete circle in the air, and half of another, then crashed to the ground on his head and chest.
roar - rugir, hurler, s'esclaffer, rire aux éclats
almost - presque, quasiment
lionlike - a la maniere d'un lion
ferocity - férocité; ; acharnement
shifting - le changement de vitesse; mutation; (shift); quart, équipe
coolly - froidement
caught - pris; prise, touche, loquet, loqueteau, verrou, hic, couille
jaw - mâchoire; mâchoire
wrenching - l'arrachage; arracher
backward - a l'envers; ; arriéré, en arriere, a reculons
circle - cercle, disque, yeux cernés, cerne, cercler, entourer, encercler
crashed - écrasé; fracas
For the last time he rushed. The man struck the shrewd blow he had purposely withheld for so long, and Buck crumpled up and went down, knocked utterly senseless.
Last - derniere; dernier, durer, dernierere, durez, passé, durent
shrewd - astucieux; ; perspicace, sagace, habile, roublard, futé
purposely - a dessein; ; expres
withheld - retenu; retenir
crumpled - froissé; chiffonner, froisser, se froisser, s'effondrer
knocked - frappé; coup, frapper
"He's no slouch at dog-breakin', that's wot I say," one of the men on the wall cried enthusiastically.
slouch - s'avachir; ; empoté
breakin - cassure
wot - quoi; (wit) quoi
cried - pleuré; pleurer, crier, hurler, crier, gueuler, pleur, cri, cri
enthusiastically - avec enthousiasme
"Druther break cayuses any day, and twice on Sundays," was the reply of the driver, as he climbed on the wagon and started the horses.
Buck's senses came back to him, but not his strength. He lay where he had fallen, and from there he watched the man in the red sweater.
"'Answers to the name of Buck,'" the man soliloquized, quoting from the saloon-keeper's letter which had announced the consignment of the crate and contents. "Well, Buck, my boy," he went on in a genial voice, "we've had our little ruction, and the best thing we can do is to let it go at that.
quoting - citant; citation, guillemet, devis, cotation, citer, deviser
announced - annoncée; annoncer
consignment - la consignation; ; envoi, consignation
Contents - contenu; satisfait
genial - génial; aimable, chaleureux
voice - voix; voix
ruction - ruction; ; rixe
You've learned your place, and I know mine. Be a good dog and all 'll go well and the goose hang high. Be a bad dog, and I'll whale the stuffin'outa you. Understand?"
mine - la mienne; mienne, miniere
goose - l'oie; ; oie
whale - baleine; baleine
stuffin - stuffin
As he spoke he fearlessly patted the head he had so mercilessly pounded, and though Buck's hair involuntarily bristled at touch of the hand, he endured it without protest. When the man brought him water he drank eagerly, and later bolted a generous meal of raw meat, chunk by chunk, from the man's hand.
fearlessly - sans crainte
patted - tapoté; petite tape
though - mais; ; néanmoins, cependant, malgré, bien que
involuntarily - involontairement
bristled - s'est hérissée; soie, poil, se hérisser
touch - toucher, émouvoir, toucher, contact
protest - protester, protestation, manifestation
eagerly - avec empressement; ; avidement
bolted - boulonné; verrou
generous - généreux
raw - cru, brut, nu
chunk - chunk; ; piece, morceau, bloc, fragment
He was beaten (he knew that); but he was not broken. He saw, once for all, that he stood No chance against a man with a club. He had learned the lesson, and in all his after life he never forgot it. That club was a revelation. It was his introduction to the reign of primitive law, and he met the introduction halfway. The facts of life took on a fiercer aspect; and while he faced that aspect uncowed, he faced it with all the latent cunning of his nature aroused. As the days went by, other dogs came, in crates and at the ends of ropes, some docilely, and some raging and roaring as he had come; and, one and all, he watched them pass under the dominion of the man in the red sweater.
beaten - battu; battre
once for all - une fois pour toutes
No chance - Aucune chance
revelation - révélation
introduction - introduction, présentation
reign - regne; ; regne, régner
law - loi; loi
fiercer - plus féroce; féroce
aspect - aspect, rench: t-needed r
uncowed - non-voulu
latent - latent
cunning - astucieux; rusé
nature - nature
aroused - excité; émoustiller, exciter
crates - caisses; caisse
ropes - des cordes; corde
docilely - docilement
raging - enragée; chiffon
pass - passer; doubler, passe, dépasser, passez, passons, passage
dominion - la domination; ; domination
Again and again, as he looked at each brutal performance, the lesson was driven home to Buck: a man with a club was a lawgiver, a master to be obeyed, though not necessarily conciliated. Of this last Buck was never guilty, though he did see beaten dogs that fawned upon the man, and wagged their tails, and licked his hand. Also he saw one dog, that would neither conciliate nor obey, finally killed in the struggle for mastery.
brutal - brutal
obeyed - obéi; obéir, obtempérer
necessarily - nécessairement
guilty - coupable, coupable
fawned - failli; faon
wagged - remué; frétiller, remuer, sécher, faire l’école buissonniere
tails - queues; queue
licked - léché; lécher
killed - tué; tuer
mastery - maîtrise
Now and again men came, strangers, who talked excitedly, wheedlingly, and in all kinds of fashions to the man in the red sweater. And at such times that money passed between them the strangers took one or more of the dogs away with them. Buck wondered where they went, for they never came back; but the fear of the future was strong upon him, and he was glad each time when he was not selected.
excitedly - avec enthousiasme
wheedlingly - avec un peu d'égoisme
fashions - de la mode; mode, vogue, façon, façonner
such - tel, tellement, ainsi
passed - passé; passer (devant), dépasser
wondered - s'est demandé; merveille, étonner
fear - peur; angoisse, craignent, crainte, crains, craignons
selected - sélectionné; sélect, choisir, sélectionner
Yet his time came, in the end, in the form of a little weazened man who spat broken English and many strange and uncouth exclamations which Buck could not understand.
spat - spatule
uncouth - grossier; ; rustre
exclamations - exclamations; exclamation
"Sacredam!" he cried, when his eyes lit upon Buck. "Dat one dam bully dog! Eh? How moch?"
dam - barrage; barrage
bully - intimidateur
eh - eh
"Three hundred, and a present at that," was the prompt reply of the man in the red sweater. "And seem'it's government money, you ain't got no kick coming, eh, Perrault?"
present at - présents
prompt - rapide; ; ponctuel, indicateur, invite de commande, inciter
Seem - sembler, paraître, avoir l'air
government - le gouvernement
kick - coup de pied; bottons, bottent, escabeau, bottez, botter
Perrault grinned. Considering that the price of dogs had been boomed skyward by the unwonted demand, it was not an unfair sum for so fine an animal. The Canadian Government would be no loser, nor would its despatches travel the slower. Perrault knew dogs, and when he looked at Buck he knew that he was one in a thousand-"One in ten t'ousand," he commented mentally.
grinned - ricané; avoir un grand sourire
considering - en tenant compte; ; compte tenu de, vu, étant donné
boomed - a fait boomerang; forte hausse
skyward - vers le ciel; ; céleste
demand - demande, exigence, exiger
sum - somme; somme
Canadian - canadien
Government - le gouvernement; ; gouvernement, rection
loser - perdant, perdante
ousand - mille
commented - commenté; commentaire, remarque
mentally - mentalement
Buck saw money pass between them, and was not surprised when Curly, a good-natured Newfoundland, and he were led away by the little weazened man. That was the last he saw of the man in the red sweater, and as Curly and he looked at receding Seattle from the deck of the Narwhal, it was the last he saw of the warm Southland. Curly and he were taken below by Perrault and turned over to a black-faced giant called Francois. Perrault was a French-Canadian, and swarthy; but Francois was a French-Canadian half-breed, and twice as swarthy.
surprised - surpris; surprise, surprise, surprendre, étonner, surprendre
curly - bouclé, frisé, courbe, courbé
good-natured - (good-natured) de bonne nature
Newfoundland - terre-neuve; Terre-Neuve, chien de Terre-Neuve, terre-neuve
led - dirigé; ; DEL, LED; (lead) dirigé; ; DEL, LED
receding - en recul; reculer
deck - Le pont
Narwhal - narval, licorne de mer
Southland - Southland
turned over - retourné
giant - géant
French - français; français, tlangue française, français, t+Français
swarthy - basané
breed - se reproduire, engendrer, élever, race
They were a new kind of men to Buck (of which he was destined to see many more), and while he developed no affection for them, he none the less grew honestly to respect them. He speedily learned that Perrault and Francois were fair men, calm and impartial in administering justice, and too wise in the way of dogs to be fooled by dogs.
developed - développé; se développer, se développer, développer, développer
none - aucun; ne nulle
honestly - honnetement; ; honnetement, franchement
speedily - rapidement
Calm - calme, tranquille, calme plat, calmer, apaiser
impartial - impartiale
administering - administrer; administrer, administrer, gérer, administrer
justice - justice, équité, conseiller
wise - sage; sensé, genre, raisonnable
fooled - trompés; dinde, fou, bouffon, mat, fou, duper, tromper
In the 'tween-decks of the Narwhal, Buck and Curly joined two other dogs. One of them was a big, snow-white fellow from Spitzbergen who had been brought away by a whaling captain, and who had later accompanied a Geological Survey into the Barrens. He was friendly, in a treacherous sort of way, smiling into one's face the while he meditated some underhand trick, as, for instance, when he stole from Buck's food at the first meal.
decks - ponts; pont
Snow-White - (Snow-White) Blanche-Neige
fellow - un camarade; ensemble, mâle
whaling - la chasse a la baleine; ; chasse a la baleine; (whale) la chasse a la baleine; ; chasse a la baleine
captain - capitaine, capitaine de vaisseau, agir en capitaine, piloter
accompanied - accompagné; accompagner, accompagner
survey - enquete; ; sondage, arpentage, reconnaissance, enquete
Barrens - les landes; stérile
treacherous - perfide
sort - tri; assortir, tri, esrece, assortis, sorte, esrece
smiling - souriant; (smile); sourire
meditated - médité; méditer, méditer
underhand - en dessous de la main
trick - tour, astuce, truc, rench: t-needed r, pli, levée, quart, duper
instance - instance
stole from - volé
As Buck sprang to punish him, the lash of Francois's whip sang through the air, reaching the culprit first; and nothing remained to Buck but to recover the bone. That was fair of Francois, he decided, and the half-breed began his rise in Buck's estimation.
punish - punir, châtier
lash - cils; amarrons, amarrez, amarrent, fustiger
whip - fouet, whip, fouetter, flageller, défaire, battre
reaching - atteindre; arriver/parvenir a
culprit - coupable
remained - est restée; reste, rester, demeurer, rester
recover - récupérer; captons, capter, recouvrent, recouvrer, recouvrons
bone - os; os
rise - hausse; remonte, élévation, débout, surcroît
estimation - estimation
The other dog made no advances, nor received any; also, he did not attempt to steal from the newcomers. He was a gloomy, morose fellow, and he showed Curly plainly that all he desired was to be left alone, and further, that there would be trouble if he were not left alone. "Dave" he was called, and he ate and slept, or yawned between times, and took interest in nothing, not even when the Narwhal crossed Queen Charlotte Sound and rolled and pitched and bucked like a thing possessed.
attempt - tenter, essayer, tentative, attentat
steal - voler, vol
newcomers - nouveaux arrivants; nouveau venu, nouvel arrivé, débutant
gloomy - morose; ; lugubre, sombre, terne, maussade
morose - morose; ; sombre
plainly - en toute clarté; ; simplement, clairement
desired - souhaitée; désirer, désirer, désir, désir, désir
further - encourager, ultérieur, plus loin, de plus; (furth); encourager
yawned - bâillé; bâiller, béer, bâillement
crossed - croisé; crosse
Queen - la reine; ; reine, dame, folle, chatte, promouvoir, mener a dame
Charlotte - charlotte; Charlotte
pitched - lancé; dresser
bucked - tronçonné; mâle
possessed - possédé; posséder, posséder, s'emparer de
When Buck and Curly grew excited, half wild with fear, he raised his head as though annoyed, favored them with an incurious glance, yawned, and went to sleep again.
raised - soulevée; (sou)lever
annoyed - agacé; gener, ennuyer, embeter, agacer, asticoter
favored - favorisé; faveur, favoriser
incurious - incurieux
glance - regard; ; jeter un coup d’oil
Day and night the ship throbbed to the tireless pulse of the propeller, and though one day was very like another, it was apparent to Buck that the weather was steadily growing colder. At last, one morning, the propeller was quiet, and the Narwhal was pervaded with an atmosphere of excitement. He felt it, as did the other dogs, and knew that a change was at hand. Francois leashed them and brought them on deck. At the first step upon the cold surface, Buck's feet sank into a white mushy something very like mud.
ship - navire; manipuler, navire, expédier, vaisseau
throbbed - a palpité; battre, palpiter, vibrer, résonner, battre
tireless - infatigable
pulse - l'impulsion; pouls
propeller - hélice
apparent - apparente; ; apparent, visible, manifeste, criant, évident
steadily - régulierement
pervaded - imprégné; saturer, pénétrer, envahir
atmosphere - atmosphere; ; atmosphere, ambience, ambiance
excitement - l'excitation; ; excitation
leashed - en laisse; laisse
deck - pont; pont
step - étape; marche
surface - surface, faire surface
sank - a coulé; couler, s'enfoncer, couler, évier, lavabo
mushy - pâteux, mou, a l'eau de rose, fleur bleue
mud - de la boue; boue, bourbe, vase
He sprang back with a snort. More of this white stuff was falling through the air. He shook himself, but more of it fell upon him. He sniffed it curiously, then licked some up on his tongue. It bit like fire, and the next instant was gone. This puzzled him. He tried it again, with the same result. The onlookers laughed uproariously, and he felt ashamed, he knew not why, for it was his first snow.
snort - reniflement, renifler, sniffer
stuff - trucs; ; truc, substance (1), checkmachin (2), checktruc (2)
shook - secoué; (shake); secouer, agiter, se serrer la main, secousse
sniffed - reniflé; renifler, sniffer
curiously - curieusement
bit - bit; mordis, mordit, mordîmes, mordirent, bit; (bite); mordre
instant - instantanée; moment
puzzled - perplexe; mystere, énigme, puzzle, casse-tete, jeu de patience
onlookers - des badauds; spectateur/-trice
uproariously - a l'arraché
felt ashamed - a eu honte
Buck's first day on the Dyea beach was like a nightmare. Every hour was filled with shock and surprise. He had been suddenly jerked from the heart of civilization and flung into the heart of things primordial. No lazy, sun-kissed life was this, with nothing to do but loaf and be bored. Here was neither peace, nor rest, nor a moment's safety.
nightmare - cauchemar, mauvais reve, tourment
suddenly - soudain; ; soudainement, tout d'un coup
jerked - secoué; secousse
heart - cour; coeur
civilization - la civilisation; ; civilisation
primordial - primordial
lazy - paresseux, fainéant
loaf - pain; pain, miche
be bored - s'ennuyer
peace - la paix; ; paix, tranquillité
rest - se reposer; reposent, reposez, reposons, se, reposer, débris
safety - la sécurité; ; sécurité, sureté
All was confusion and action, and every moment life and limb were in peril. There was imperative need to be constantly alert; for these dogs and men were not town dogs and men. They were savages, all of them, who knew no law but the law of club and fang.
confusion - confusion, désordre, malentendu
limb - membre; membre
peril - péril, risque
imperative - impératif, essentiel, indispensable, impératif
constantly - constamment, en boucle
alert - alerte; alarme, vif
savages - sauvages; barbare, féroce, sauvage
He had never seen dogs fight as these wolfish creatures fought, and his first experience taught him an unforgetable lesson. It is true, it was a vicarious experience, else he would not have lived to profit by it. Curly was the victim. They were camped near the log store, where she, in her friendly way, made advances to a husky dog the size of a full-grown wolf, though not half so large as she.
fight - combattre; combattons, rixe, combattre, combattez, combattent
wolfish - le loup; ; lupin, de loup
fought - combattu; (se) battre
Experience - expérience, éprouver, vivre
unforgetable - inoubliable
vicarious - par procuration
profit - profit, gain, bénéfice, servir, profiter
victim - victime
camped - campé; camp(ement)
log - log; rondin, buche
store - magasin; ; entrepôt, stock, stocker, conserver
husky - husky; enroué
size - taille; ampleur, pointure
There was no warning, only a leap in like a flash, a metallic clip of teeth, a leap out equally swift, and Curly's face was ripped open from eye to jaw.
warning - l'avertissement; ; avertissement, attention; (warn); avertir
flash - flash; clignoter, flash
metallic - métallique, métalisé
equally - également
swift - rapide, martinet, dévidoir
It was the wolf manner of fighting, to strike and leap away; but there was more to it than this. Thirty or forty huskies ran to the spot and surrounded the combatants in an intent and silent circle. Buck did not comprehend that silent intentness, nor the eager way with which they were licking their chops. Curly rushed her antagonist, who struck again and leaped aside.
wolf - loup, tombeur, dévorer, engloutir
fighting - combattre; combat, bagarre; (fight) combattre; combat, bagarre
huskies - les huskies; enroué
spot - spot; ; tache, bouton, peu, endroit, zone, détecter, trouver
surrounded - entouré; entourer, enceindre
combatants - combattants; combattant, combattante
silent - silencieux
comprehend - comprendre
intentness - l'intention
eager - enthousiaste; désireux
licking - lécher; ; léchage; (lick) lécher; ; léchage
chops - côtelettes; couper, hacher
antagonist - antagoniste
leaped - a sauté; sauter, bondir
aside - a part; ; a côté, en passant, aparté
He met her next rush with his chest, in a peculiar fashion that tumbled her off her feet. She never regained them, This was what the onlooking huskies had waited for. They closed in upon her, snarling and yelping, and she was buried, screaming with agony, beneath the bristling mass of bodies.
peculiar - particulier, extraordinaire, bizarre, curieux
tumbled - culbuté; culbute, dégringoler, culbuter
regained - retrouvée; reconquérir, reprendre
onlooking - en regardant
yelping - glapissement; (yelp) glapissement
buried - enterré; enterrer
screaming - des cris; cri, crier
beneath - dessous
mass - masse; masse, foule, amas
So sudden was it, and so unexpected, that Buck was taken aback. He saw Spitz run out his scarlet tongue in a way he had of laughing; and he saw Francois, swinging an axe, spring into the mess of dogs. Three men with clubs were helping him to scatter them. It did not take long. Two minutes from the time Curly went down, the last of her assailants were clubbed off. But she lay there limp and lifeless in the bloody, trampled snow, almost literally torn to pieces, the swart half-breed standing over her and cursing horribly. The scene often came back to Buck to trouble him in his sleep.
sudden - soudain, soudaine, subit
unexpected - inattendu
taken aback - pris au dépourvu
Spitz - spitz; spitz
scarlet - écarlate
swinging - l'échangisme; pivotant; (swing); osciller, se balancer
axe - hache; hache
mess - le désordre; purée, fouillis, bouillie
Scatter - la dispersion; ; disperser, se disperser, éparpiller
assailants - des assaillants; agresseur, assaillant
limp - boiteux; boitez, boitent, boitons, boiter
lifeless - sans vie
trampled - piétiné; fouler, piétiner
literally - littéralement
torn - déchiré; larme
swart - swart
cursing - maudissant; (curs) maudissant
horribly - horriblement
scene - scene; ; scene, scene de ménage
So that was the way. No fair play. Once down, that was the end of you. Well, he would see to it that he never went down. Spitz ran out his tongue and laughed again, and from that moment Buck hated him with a bitter and deathless hatred.
fair play - le fair-play
see to - a voir
Bitter - amere; amer, saumâtre
deathless - sans mort
hatred - la haine; ; haine
Before he had recovered from the shock caused by the tragic passing of Curly, he received another shock. Francois fastened upon him an arrangement of straps and buckles. It was a harness, such as he had seen the grooms put on the horses at home. And as he had seen horses work, so he was set to work, hauling Francois on a sled to the forest that fringed the valley, and returning with a load of firewood. Though his dignity was sorely hurt by thus being made a draught animal, he was too wise to rebel. He buckled down with a will and did his best, though it was all new and strange. Francois was stern, demanding instant obedience, and by virtue of his whip receiving instant obedience; while Dave, who was an experienced wheeler, nipped Buck's hind quarters whenever he was in error.
recovered - récupéré; recouvrer (la santé)
tragic - tragique
passing - en passant; ; passager, éminent, rapide, extremement
fastened - fixé; attacher, fixer
arrangement - arrangement, disposition, composition, préparatifs, accord
straps - sangles; sangle, courroie, laniere, bandouliere
buckles - boucles; boucle
harness - harnais, harnacher
hauling - le transport; haler, trainer, butin, magot
sled - traîneau
forest - foret; ; foret, brousse, sylve, bois; (fore) foret; ; foret
fringed - a franges; frange, périphérie, radicaux, périphérie
load - charge; chargement, fardeau
firewood - du bois de chauffage; ; bois de chauffage
sorely - douloureusement
hurt - faire mal, blesser, blessé
thus - donc; ainsi, tellement, pour cette raison, également
draught animal - animal de trait
rebel - rebelle; cabrer, rebelle
buckled - bouclé; boucle
stern - sévere; poupe
demanding - exigeant; demande, demande, exigence, exiger
obedience - l'obéissance; ; obéissance
virtue - la vertu; ; vertu
receiving - recevant; recevoir, recevoir, recevoir, recevoir
experienced - expérimenté; expérience, expérience, expérience, expérience
wheeler - véhicule
nipped - nippé; pincer, donner un coup de dent
hind - biche; biche
whenever - chaque fois que
error - erreur, vice, etre en erreur, planter
Spitz was the leader, likewise experienced, and while he could not always get at Buck, he growled sharp reproof now and again, or cunningly threw his weight in the traces to jerk Buck into the way he should go. Buck learned easily, and under the combined tuition of his two mates and Francois made remarkable progress. Ere they returned to camp he knew enough to stop at "ho," to go ahead at "mush," to swing wide on the bends, and to keep clear of the wheeler when the loaded sled shot downhill at their heels.
leader - chef, leader, dirigeant
likewise - de meme
sharp - pointu; ; affilé, coupant, affuté, tranchant
reproof - reproche; semonce
cunningly - astucieusement, ingénieusement, d'une maniere rusée
weight - poids, lest, poids, graisse, alourdir, lester, appesantir
traces - des traces; trace
jerk - con; par secousse, soubresaut
easily - facilement
combined - combinés; combiner
tuition - les frais de scolarité; ; frais de scolarité
mates - les copains; (s'')accoupler
remarkable - remarquable
progress - progres; progressent, progresser, progressons, progrés
ere - ici
Camp - le camp; campez, camper, campent, campons
ahead - a l'avance; ; devant
mush - de la bouillie; purée, bouillie
swing - swing; ; osciller, se balancer, swinguer, pendre, changer
the bends - les virages
clear - clair, transparent, libre, dégagé, sans ambiguité, s'éclaircir
loaded - chargé; charge, chargement
downhill - en descente; ; en aval, descente
heels - talons; talon
"T'ree vair'good dogs," Francois told Perrault. "Dat Buck, heem pool lak hell. I tich heem queek as anyt'ing."
ree - ree
vair - vair
hell - l'enfer; enfer
tich - tich
anyt - n'importe quoi
By afternoon, Perrault, who was in a hurry to be on the trail with his despatches, returned with two more dogs. "Billee" and "Joe" he called them, two brothers, and true huskies both. Sons of the one mother though they were, they were as different as day and night. Billee's one fault was his excessive good nature, while Joe was the very opposite, sour and introspective, with a perpetual snarl and a malignant eye. Buck received them in comradely fashion, Dave ignored them, while Spitz proceeded to thrash first one and then the other. Billee wagged his tail appeasingly, turned to run when he saw that appeasement was of no avail, and cried (still appeasingly) when Spitz's sharp teeth scored his flank.
hurry - se dépecher; ; précipitation, hâte
trail - pister, suivre, traîner, piste, traces, sentier, chasse
fault - défaut, faute, faille
excessive - excessif
good nature - bonne nature
sour - aigre, sur, rance, tourné, acerbe, acariâtre
introspective - introspectif
perpetual - perpétuel
malignant - maligne; ; malin, malveillant
comradely - de camaraderie
proceeded - a procédé; avancer, procéder, procéder
thrash - thrash; ; passer a tabac, rosser
appeasingly - de maniere apaisante
appeasement - l'apaisement; ; apaisement
avail - avail; ; profiter, saisir, servir
scored - marqué; nombre de pointoints, score, note, vingtaine
flank - flanc, flanchet
But no matter how Spitz circled, Joe whirled around on his heels to face him, mane bristling, ears laid back, lips writhing and snarling, jaws clipping together as fast as he could snap, and eyes diabolically gleaming-the incarnation of belligerent fear. So terrible was his appearance that Spitz was forced to forego disciplining him; but to cover his own discomfiture he turned upon the inoffensive and wailing Billee and drove him to the confines of the camp.
circled - encerclée; cercle, disque, cercle, cercle, yeux cernés-p, cerne
mane - criniere; ; criniere
laid - posé; poser
lips - levres; levre, levre
clipping - coupure; ; troncation; (clip) coupure; ; troncation
snap - snap; ; claquer, claquement de doigts, photographie, photo
diabolically - diaboliquement
gleaming - étincelante; ; brillant; (gleam) étincelante; ; brillant
incarnation - incarnation
belligerent - belligérant, belliqueux, belligérant
appearance - l'apparence; ; apparition, apparence, apparence, comparution
forced - forcée; force
forego - renoncer
disciplining - la discipline; discipline, discipline, pénalité, discipline
cover - couverture
discomfiture - la déconfiture
inoffensive - inoffensif
wailing - gémissements; (wail) gémissements
confines - les limites de l'espace; confiner, limite
By evening Perrault secured another dog, an old husky, long and lean and gaunt, with a battle-scarred face and a single eye which flashed a warning of prowess that commanded respect. He was called Sol-leks, which means the Angry One. Like Dave, he asked nothing, gave nothing, expected nothing; and when he marched slowly and deliberately into their midst, even Spitz left him alone. He had one peculiarity which Buck was unlucky enough to discover. He did not like to be approached on his blind side.
secured - sécurisé; sur, sur, sur, sur, sur, sur, sécuriser
lean - maigre; maigre, adossons, adossent, appuyer, adossez
gaunt - décharné; ; maigre, osseux, anguleux, émacié
battle - bataille; bataille, combat
scarred - cicatrisé; cicatrice
single - seul, célibataire f, célibataire, simple
flashed - flashé; éclair, lueur
prowess - prouesses; ; habileté, dextérité, adresse, prouesse, héroisme
commanded - commandée; commandement, ordre, maîtrise, commandement
Sol - Sol
expected - attendue; attendre, s'attendre a, attendre
slowly - lentement
midst - centre, milieu
peculiarity - singularité, bizarrerie, étrangeté, particularité, distinction
unlucky - malchanceux, poissard
discover - découvrir
blind - aveugle, mal-voyant, mal-voyante, store, blind, aveugler
Of this offence Buck was unwittingly guilty, and the first knowledge he had of his indiscretion was when Sol-leks whirled upon him and slashed his shoulder to the bone for three inches up and down. Forever after Buck avoided his blind side, and to the last of their comradeship had no more trouble. His only apparent ambition, like Dave's, was to be left alone; though, as Buck was afterward to learn, each of them possessed one other and even more vital ambition.
offence - offense, insulte
unwittingly - sans le vouloir
knowledge - connaissance, science, connaissances, savoir
indiscretion - indiscrétion
slashed - tailladé; taillader
inches - pouces; pouce
forever - a jamais, pour toujours, éternellement, checktoujours
avoided - évitée; éviter, éviter, fuir
comradeship - la camaraderie; ; camaraderie
Ambition - l'ambition; ; ambition, ambition (1-5)
afterward - apres
more vital - plus vital
That night Buck faced the great problem of sleeping. The tent, illumined by a candle, glowed warmly in the midst of the white plain; and when he, as a matter of course, entered it, both Perrault and Francois bombarded him with curses and cooking utensils, till he recovered from his consternation and fled ignominiously into the outer cold. A chill wind was blowing that nipped him sharply and bit with especial venom into his wounded shoulder.
tent - tente; tente
candle - bougie, chandelle
glowed - a brillé; briller, luire, irradier, briller, lueur, lueur, éclat
warmly - chaleureusement; ; chaudement
plain - simple; unie, net, plaine
bombarded - bombardé; bombarder
curses - des malédictions; maudire
utensils - ustensiles; ustensile, ustensile de cuisine
consternation - consternation, sidération, accablement, prostration
fled - fui; s'enfuir, prendre la fuite, fuir, échapper
ignominiously - ignominieusement
chill - refroidissement; froid
wind - vent; emmailloter, détortiller, langer, enrouler, vent
blowing - souffler; coup
sharply - brusquement
especial - particulier
venom - du venin; ; venin
He lay down on the snow and attempted to sleep, but the frost soon drove him shivering to his feet. Miserable and disconsolate, he wandered about among the many tents, only to find that one place was as cold as another. Here and there savage dogs rushed upon him, but he bristled his neck-hair and snarled (for he was learning fast), and they let him go his way unmolested.
shivering - des frissons; (shiver) des frissons
miserable - misérable
disconsolate - inconsolable
wandered - erré; errer, vaguer, divaguer
tents - tentes; tente
snarled - grogné; gronder (en montrant les dents)
unmolested - sans etre inquiété
Finally an idea came to him. He would return and see how his own team-mates were making out. To his astonishment, they had disappeared. Again he wandered about through the great camp, looking for them, and again he returned. Were they in the tent? No, that could not be, else he would not have been driven out. Then where could they possibly be? With drooping tail and shivering body, very forlorn indeed, he aimlessly circled the tent. Suddenly the snow gave way beneath his fore legs and he sank down.
making out - a s'embrasser
astonishment - l'étonnement; ; étonnement
disappeared - a disparu; disparaître
driven out - chassé
Possibly - peut-etre; ; possiblement, peut-etre
drooping - en train de tomber; tomber, s'affaisser, bec
forlorn - délaissée; ; abandonné, perdu, miserable, désespéré
indeed - certainement, vraiment, en effet, bien sur, certes
aimlessly - sans but précis; ; sans but, au hasard
gave way - a cédé le passage
Something wriggled under his feet. He sprang back, bristling and snarling, fearful of the unseen and unknown. But a friendly little yelp reassured him, and he went back to investigate. A whiff of warm air ascended to his nostrils, and there, curled up under the snow in a snug ball, lay Billee. He whined placatingly, squirmed and wriggled to show his good will and intentions, and even ventured, as a bribe for peace, to lick Buck's face with his warm wet tongue.
wriggled - s'est tortillé; remuer, se tortiller
unseen - invisible
unknown - inconnu, inconnue, inconnu
yelp - yelp; glapissement
reassured - rassuré; tranquilliser, rassurer, réassurer
investigate - enqueter; ; étudier, enqueter, rechercher
whiff - whiff; ; souffle, bouffée, effluve
ascended - ascensionné; monter
nostrils - narines; narine, qualifier
curled up - recroquevillé
snug - serré; ; confortable, douillet
whined - pleurniché; pleurnicherie, geignement, couiner, pleurnicher
placatingly - de maniere flatteuse
squirmed - s'est tortillé; gigoter, remuer, se tortiller
good will - bonne volonté
intentions - intentions; intention
ventured - s'est aventuré; s'aventurer, risquer, oser
bribe - pot-de-vin, verser un pot-de-vin, soudoyer, corrompre
lick - lécher; faire eau, lécher
wet - humide; ; mouillé, mouillé, mouiller, se mouiller
Another lesson. So that was the way they did it, eh? Buck confidently selected a spot, and with much fuss and waste effort proceeded to dig a hole for himself. In a trice the heat from his body filled the confined space and he was asleep. The day had been long and arduous, and he slept soundly and comfortably, though he growled and barked and wrestled with bad dreams.
confidently - en toute confiance
fuss - l'agitation; ; agitation, histoires, s’agiter, s’empresser
waste - déchets; déchets, pelée, gaspiller, gâcher
effort - l'effort; ; effort
dig - creuser; creusez, creusons, creusent, creuser
hole - trou; réduit, trou, fosse
trice - trice
heat - chaleur; chaleur, ardeur, chauffer
confined - confiné; confiner, limite
asleep - endormi
arduous - difficile; ; ardu
soundly - fortement, solidement
comfortably - confortablement; agréablement
wrestled - lutté; lutter
dreams - reves; reve, t+songe, reve, t+songe, t+voeu, t+souhait, t+vou
Nor did he open his eyes till roused by the noises of the waking camp. At first he did not know where he was. It had snowed during the night and he was completely buried. The snow walls pressed him on every side, and a great surge of fear swept through him-the fear of the wild thing for the trap. It was a token that he was harking back through his own life to the lives of his forebears; for he was a civilized dog, an unduly civilized dog, and of his own experience knew no trap and so could not of himself fear it.
roused - réveillé; réveiller
noises - bruits; bruit, vacarme, brouhaha, boucan, tintamarre, bruit
completely - completement; ; completement
pressed - pressé; appuyer sur, presser
surge - sursaut; ; montée, poussée, vague, afflux, houle, pompage
swept - balayé; balayer, balayer, balayage
trap - piege; piege
token - de jeton; ; symbole, jeton, symbolique
forebears - les ancetres; ancetre
civilized - civilisé; civiliser
unduly - indument; ; indument
The muscles of his whole body contracted spasmodically and instinctively, the hair on his neck and shoulders stood on end, and with a ferocious snarl he bounded straight up into the blinding day, the snow flying about him in a flashing cloud. Ere he landed on his feet, he saw the white camp spread out before him and knew where he was and remembered all that had passed from the time he went for a stroll with Manuel to the hole he had dug for himself the night before.
contracted - sous contrat; contracter
spasmodically - spasmodiquement
ferocious - féroce
straight up - directement
cloud - nuage; ; s'obscurcir
spread - se propager; ; étaler, écarter, disperser, répandre, éparpiller
dug - creusée, creusâmes, creusé, creusa, creuserent; (dig) creusée
A shout from Francois hailed his appearance. "Wot I say?" the dog-driver cried to Perrault. "Dat Buck for sure learn queek as anyt'ing."
shout - crier; cri, jacasser, crient, criez, crions
hailed - salué; grele
Perrault nodded gravely. As courier for the Canadian Government, bearing important despatches, he was anxious to secure the best dogs, and he was particularly gladdened by the possession of Buck.
nodded - hoché la tete; dodeliner, hocher, dodeliner, hochement
gravely - gravement
courier - coursier, messager
bearing - naissant, coussinet; (bear) naissant, coussinet
secure - sécurisé; ; sur, sécuriser
gladdened - réjoui; réjouir
possession - bien, possession, propriété, possessions
Three more huskies were added to the team inside an hour, making a total of nine, and before another quarter of an hour had passed they were in harness and swinging up the trail toward the Dyea Canon. Buck was glad to be gone, and though the work was hard he found he did not particularly despise it. He was surprised at the eagerness which animated the whole team and which was communicated to him; but still more surprising was the change wrought in Dave and Sol-leks.
Total - total, somme, entier, tout, totaliser
toward - vers, envers, pour, pres de
Canon - canon; canon
despise - mépriser, dédaigner
animated - animée; animé, animer
communicated - communiquée; communiquer, communier, communiquer
surprising - surprenant, étonnant, surprenante
They were new dogs, utterly transformed by the harness. All passiveness and unconcern had dropped from them. They were alert and active, anxious that the work should go well, and fiercely irritable with whatever, by delay or confusion, retarded that work. The toil of the traces seemed the supreme expression of their being, and all that they lived for and the only thing in which they took delight.
transformed - transformé; transformer, transformer, transformée, transformée
passiveness - la passivité
active - active; ; actif
fiercely - férocement; ; âprement, farouchement
irritable - irritable
whatever - quoi qu'il en soit; ; quel que soit, n'importe quel
delay - délai; ajourner, décélération, surseoir, retard, retarder
retarded - attardé; retard, retardé, attardé
seemed - semblait; sembler, paraître, avoir l'air
supreme - supreme; ; supreme
expression - expression
delight - plaisir, délice, joie, enchanter, ravir
Dave was wheeler or sled dog, pulling in front of him was Buck, then came Sol-leks; the rest of the team was strung out ahead, single file, to the leader, which position was filled by Spitz.
sled dog - Un chien de traîneau
pulling in - en train de tirer
file - fichier; ranger, dossier, classement, limer, lime, rangée
position - position, poste
Buck had been purposely placed between Dave and Sol-leks so that he might receive instruction. Apt scholar that he was, they were equally apt teachers, never allowing him to linger long in error, and enforcing their teaching with their sharp teeth. Dave was fair and very wise. He never nipped Buck without cause, and he never failed to nip him when he stood in need of it. As Francois's whip backed him up, Buck found it to be cheaper to mend his ways than to retaliate. Once, during a brief halt, when he got tangled in the traces and delayed the start, both Dave and Solleks flew at him and administered a sound trouncing.
receive - recevoir
instruction - l'instruction; ; instruction
apt - apt; doué
scholar - étudiant, expert, savant, érudit
allowing - permettant; laisser, accorder, accorder, permettre, laisser
linger - s'attarder; ; s'installer, stagner, s'incruster, s'éteindre
enforcing - l'application; renforcer, intensifier, imposer, obliger
cause - cause, raison, causer
failed - a échoué; échouer (a)
nip - nip; caponner
mend - réparer, raccommoder, rapiécer, s'améliorer
retaliate - de représailles; ; riposter
brief - bref, court
halt - halte; s'arreter, stop, stopper
tangled - enchevetrés; désordre, enchevetrement
delayed - retardée; retarder
administered - administré; administrer, administrer, gérer, administrer
trouncing - un coup de massue; (trounce) un coup de massue
The resulting tangle was even worse, but Buck took good care to keep the traces clear thereafter; and ere the day was done, so well had he mastered his work, his mates about ceased nagging him. Francois's whip snapped less frequently, and Perrault even honored Buck by lifting up his feet and carefully examining them.
tangle - enchevetrement; chaos
thereafter - par la suite
mastered - maîtrisée; maître/-tresse
ceased - cessé; cesser, s'arreter, cesser de + ''infinitive''
nagging - harcelement; harceler, houspiller
snapped - cassé; claquer, claquement de doigts, photographie, photo
frequently - fréquemment
honored - honoré; honneur, honorer
lifting - de levage; soulever
carefully - attentivement; ; soigneusement
examining - l'examen; examiner, examiner
It was a hard day's run, up the Canon, through Sheep Camp, past the Scales and the timber line, across glaciers and snowdrifts hundreds of feet deep, and over the great Chilcoot Divide, which stands between the salt water and the fresh and guards forbiddingly the sad and lonely North. They made good time down the chain of lakes which fills the craters of extinct volcanoes, and late that night pulled into the huge camp at the head of Lake Bennett, where thousands of goldseekers were building boats against the break-up of the ice in the spring.
scales - des échelles; graduation
timber - le bois; bois de construction
glaciers - glaciers; glacier
snowdrifts - des congeres; congere
deep - profond, épais, grave, foncé, foncée, profondeurs
divide - diviser, fendre, partager, fossé
salt water - l'eau salée
fresh - frais; frais
guards - gardiens; garde, garde, garde, protection, gardien, arriere
forbiddingly - a l'insu de son plein gré
lonely - solitaire; ; seul, désert, abandonné
lakes - des lacs; lac
craters - crateres; Coupe
extinct - éteinte; ; éteint, disparu
volcanoes - volcans; volcan
pulled - tiré; tirer, tirer, retirer, tirer un coup, influence
goldseekers - chercheurs d'or
Buck made his hole in the snow and slept the sleep of the exhausted just, but all too early was routed out in the cold darkness and harnessed with his mates to the sled.
exhausted - épuisé; épuiser, épuiser, épuiser, échappement
routed - acheminé; mettre en déroute
harnessed - harnaché; harnais, harnacher
That day they made forty miles, the trail being packed; but the next day, and for many days to follow, they broke their own trail, worked harder, and made poorer time. As a rule, Perrault travelled ahead of the team, packing the snow with webbed shoes to make it easier for them. Francois, guiding the sled at the gee-pole, sometimes exchanged places with him, but not often.
packed - emballé; paquet, sac
packing - colisage, empaquetage, emballant, emballage; (pack) colisage
webbed - palmés; réseau, panier, poche, âme, âme (de rail), palmure
guiding - guidant, dirigeant; (guid) guidant, dirigeant
gee - gee
pole - pôle; pôle, poteau, pieu, Gaule, pole
exchanged - échangé; (é)changer
places with - des lieux avec
Perrault was in a hurry, and he prided himself on his knowledge of ice, which knowledge was indispensable, for the fall ice was very thin, and where there was swift water, there was no ice at all.
prided - fierté; orgueil, fierté, fierté, orgueil, fierté, orgueil
indispensable - indispensable
Day after day, for days unending, Buck toiled in the traces. Always, they broke camp in the dark, and the first gray of dawn found them hitting the trail with fresh miles reeled off behind them. And always they pitched camp after dark, eating their bit of fish, and crawling to sleep into the snow. Buck was ravenous. The pound and a half of sun-dried salmon, which was his ration for each day, seemed to go nowhere.
unending - sans fin
toiled - travaillé; travailler
Gray - gris
dawn - l'aube; ; se lever, naître, aube, lever du soleil, aurore
hitting - de frappes; frapper, heurter
reeled - enroulé; reel, bobine, enrouleur, embobiner, enrouler, tituber
ravenous - vorace
dried - séché; sec, anhydre, sécher, sécher, tfaire sécher
salmon - saumon
ration - ration, rationner
nowhere - nulle part
He never had enough, and suffered from perpetual hunger pangs. Yet the other dogs, because they weighed less and were born to the life, received a pound only of the fish and managed to keep in good condition.
suffered - souffert; souffrir, souffrir, souffrir de, pâtir de, endurer
pangs - des douleurs; douleur (soudaine)
managed - gérée; gérer, ménager, diriger, manier, parvenir, réussir
keep in good condition - garder en bon état
He swiftly lost the fastidiousness which had characterized his old life. A dainty eater, he found that his mates, finishing first, robbed him of his unfinished ration. There was no defending it. While he was fighting off two or three, it was disappearing down the throats of the others. To remedy this, he ate as fast as they; and, so greatly did hunger compel him, he was not above taking what did not belong to him.
fastidiousness - l'empressement
characterized - caractérisé; caractériser, dépeindre, caractériser
dainty - délicate; ; délicat, mignon
eater - mangeur
robbed - volé; voler, dévaliser
unfinished - inachevé
defending - défendre; défendre
disappearing - disparaître; disparaître
throats - gorges; gorge, goulot
remedy - remede; ; remede, recours, remédier
greatly - grandement
compel - contraindre, forcer, obliger
belong - appartiennent; appartenons, faire partie de, appartiens
He watched and learned. When he saw Pike, one of the new dogs, a clever malingerer and thief, slyly steal a slice of bacon when Perrault's back was turned, he duplicated the performance the following day, getting away with the whole chunk. A great uproar was raised, but he was unsuspected; while Dub, an awkward blunderer who was always getting caught, was punished for Buck's misdeed.
Pike - pike; brochet
clever - habile, agile, adroit, adroite, talentueux, malin, intelligent
thief - voleur, voleuse
slyly - sournoisement
slice - tranche, tronçon, trancher, couper en tranches, émincer
bacon - bacon; ; lard, lardon
duplicated - dupliqué; dupliqué, dupliquée, copier, dupliquer, duplicata
getting away - s'échapper
uproar - le tumulte; ; clameur
unsuspected - insoupçonné
Dub - dub; doubler
awkward - maladroit, gauche, embarrassant, inconvenant
blunderer - blunderer
getting caught - se faire prendre
punished - puni; punir, châtier
misdeed - méfait
This first theft marked Buck as fit to survive in the hostile Northland environment. It marked his adaptability, his capacity to adjust himself to changing conditions, the lack of which would have meant swift and terrible death. It marked, further, the decay or going to pieces of his moral nature, a vain thing and a handicap in the ruthless struggle for existence.
theft - vol
marked - marqué; Marc, Marc, Marc
fit - s'adapter; adapter
survive - survivre
hostile - hostile
environment - l'environnement; ; environnement
adaptability - l'adaptabilité; ; adaptabilité
capacity - capacité
adjust - ajuster
conditions - conditions; condition, condition, condition
Death - mort, déces, camarde, la mort, l'arcane sans nom
decay - pourriture; ; décrépitude, déchéance, pourrir, se désintégrer
going to pieces - qui partent en morceaux
moral - moral, moral, moralité, morale
vain - vaine; ; rench: vaniteux, frivole, vain, futile
handicap - handicap
ruthless - impitoyable
struggle for existence - la lutte pour l'existence
It was all well enough in the Southland, under the law of love and fellowship, to respect private property and personal feelings; but in the Northland, under the law of club and fang, whoso took such things into account was a fool, and in so far as he observed them he would fail to prosper.
fellowship - la fraternité; ; confrérie, fraternité, camaraderie, bourse
private - personnel, personnelle, privé, privé, privée
property - propriété, accessoire
feelings - sentiments
whoso - quiconque
account - compte; supputation, demande, compte
fool - idiot; ; dinde, fou, bouffon, mat, duper, tromper
observed - observée; observer, remarquer, respecter, observer, garder
fail - échouer
Prosper - prospérer
Not that Buck reasoned it out. He was fit, that was all, and unconsciously he accommodated himself to the new mode of life. All his days, no matter what the odds, he had never run from a fight. But the club of the man in the red sweater had beaten into him a more fundamental and primitive code. Civilized, he could have died for a moral consideration, say the defence of Judge Miller's riding-whip; but the completeness of his decivilization was now evidenced by his ability to flee from the defence of a moral consideration and so save his hide.
unconsciously - inconsciemment
accommodated - accommodé; héberger, accommoder, s'accommoder
mode - mode; mode, maniere
odds - des cotes; rench: -neededr, bizarre, étrange, impair
fundamental - fondamentale; ; fondement, fondamental
code - code; codifient, codifiez, codifions, code, codifier
consideration - considération, checkraison, checkmotif, checkrécompense
defence - la défense; défense
riding-whip - (riding-whip) cravache
completeness - l'exhaustivité; ; complétude
decivilization - la décivilisation
evidenced - prouvé; preuve, preuve, prouver, démontrer
ability - capacité, pouvoir, habileté
flee - s'enfuir, prendre la fuite, échapper
save - sauver, sauvegarder, épargner, préserver, protéger
hide - cacher; planquer, peau, fourrure, cacher
He did not steal for joy of it, but because of the clamor of his stomach. He did not rob openly, but stole secretly and cunningly, out of respect for club and fang. In short, the things he did were done because it was easier to do them than not to do them.
joy - joie; joie
clamor - clameur, vociférer, clamer
stomach - l'estomac; ; estomac, ventre, bedon (pot belly), digérer
rob - rob; ravir, piller
openly - ouvertement
Stole - volé; volâmes, volai, vola, volerent; (steal); voler, vol
secretly - secretement; ; secretement, en cachette
His development (or retrogression) was rapid. His muscles became hard as iron, and he grew callous to all ordinary pain. He achieved an internal as well as external economy. He could eat anything, no matter how loathsome or indigestible; and, once eaten, the juices of his stomach extracted the last least particle of nutriment; and his blood carried it to the farthest reaches of his body, building it into the toughest and stoutest of tissues. Sight and scent became remarkably keen, while his hearing developed such acuteness that in his sleep he heard the faintest sound and knew whether it heralded peace or peril.
development - développement
retrogression - régression; ; rétrogression
rapid - rapide, rapides
hard as iron - dur comme du fer
callous - endurci, sans-cour, insensible
ordinary - piece, ordinaire, quelconque
achieved - atteint; accomplir, réaliser
internal - interne
external - externe
economy - l'économie; ; économie
loathsome - détestable; ; odieux, dégoutant
indigestible - indigeste
extracted - extraites; extrait, extrait, extrait, extraire, extraire
particle - particule
nutriment - pâture
Reaches - atteintes; arriver/parvenir a
toughest - le plus difficile; dur
stoutest - le plus robuste; solide
tissues - les tissus; tissu, mouchoir en papier, kleenex, tissu
sight - vue, quelque chose a voir, truc a voir, mire, viseur
scent - parfum; ; odeur, odorat, sentir
remarkably - remarquablement
keen - enthousiaste; désireux, poivré, vif
faintest - le plus faible; faible, léger
whether - si, que, soit, si oui ou non
heralded - annoncé; héraut, messager/-ere
He learned to bite the ice out with his teeth when it collected between his toes; and when he was thirsty and there was a thick scum of ice over the water hole, he would break it by rearing and striking it with stiff fore legs. His most conspicuous trait was an ability to scent the wind and forecast it a night in advance. No matter how breathless the air when he dug his nest by tree or bank, the wind that later blew inevitably found him to leeward, sheltered and snug.
bite - mordre, maintenir, garder, tomber dans le panneau, marcher
collected - collectés; (se) rassembler
toes - orteils; orteil, doigt de pied, doigt de pied
thick - épais, gros, dense, opaque, incompréhensible, lourd
scum - racaille; ; écume, couche, mousse, crasse, ordure
rearing - l'élevage; arriere
striking - frappant; ; éclatant; (strike); biffer, rayer, barrer, frapper
stiff - rigide, raide, macchabée
most conspicuous - le plus visible
trait - trait
forecast - prévisions; ; prévoir, prévision, prévision météorologique
advance - élever, avancer, avancée, progression, avance, souscription
nest - nid; nid, patelin
blew - soufflé; coup
inevitably - inévitablement
sheltered - a l'abri; abri, refuge, abriter, abriter
And not only did he learn by experience, but instincts long dead became alive again. The domesticated generations fell from him. In vague ways he remembered back to the youth of the breed, to the time the wild dogs ranged in packs through the primeval forest and killed their meat as they ran it down. It was no task for him to learn to fight with cut and slash and the quick wolf snap. In this manner had fought forgotten ancestors. They quickened the old life within him, and the old tricks which they had stamped into the heredity of the breed were his tricks. They came to him without effort or discovery, as though they had been his always. And when, on the still cold nights, he pointed his nose at a star and howled long and wolflike, it was his ancestors, dead and dust, pointing nose at star and howling down through the centuries and through him.
by experience - par l'expérience
instincts - instincts; instinct
dead - morts; ; mort, milieu, cour, profondeurs
alive - en vie, vivant
domesticated - domestiqué; domestiquer
generations - générations; génération, création, génération, génération
youth - la jeunesse; ; jeunesse, jeune, jeune homme, les jeunes
ranged in - rangé
packs - paquets; paquet, sac
primeval forest - la foret vierge
task - tâche; tâche, tâche
slash - slash; taillader
ancestors - ancetres; ancetre
within - a l'intérieur; dedans, avant, d'ici
tricks - des astuces; tour, tour, astuce, truc, rench: -neededr, pli
stamped - estampillé; affranchi; (stamp); cachet, tampon, timbre
heredity - l'hérédité; ; hérédité
discovery - découverte
howled - hurlé; hurlement, hurler
wolflike - a la maniere d'un loup
dust - la poussiere; ; poussiere, épousseter, pulvériser
howling - hurler; (howl); hurlement, hurler
And his cadences were their cadences, the cadences which voiced their woe and what to them was the meaning of the stiffness, and the cold, and dark.
cadences - cadences; cadence
voiced - exprimé; voix
woe - tristesse, douleur, misere, malheur, hélas
stiffness - rigidité, raideur, inflexibilité
Thus, as token of what a puppet thing life is, the ancient song surged through him and he came into his own again; and he came because men had found a yellow metal in the North, and because Manuel was a gardener's helper whose wages did not lap over the needs of his wife and divers small copies of himself.
puppet - marionnette
ancient - ancienne; antique
surged - a surgi; montée, poussée, vague, afflux, montée, houle, pompage
whose - a qui, de qui, dont, duquel (de + lequel), duquel
divers - des plongeurs; plongeur, plongeuse
copies - copies; copie, copie, copie, copie, exemplaire, copie, copier
dominant - dominante; ; dominant
beast - bete; ; bete, bete sauvage
The dominant primordial beast was strong in Buck, and under the fierce conditions of trail life it grew and grew. Yet it was a secret growth. His newborn cunning gave him poise and control. He was too busy adjusting himself to the new life to feel at ease, and not only did he not pick fights, but he avoided them whenever possible.
secret - secret
growth - croissance
newborn - nouveau-né, nouveau-née
poise - l'équilibre; ; assurance, aisance, sang-froid, aplomb, poise
control - contrôler, maîtrise, contrôle, commandes
adjusting - l'adaptation; ajuster, ajuster, ajuster
at ease - a l'aise
pick - pioche, passeartout, choix, écran, prendre, cueillir, choisir
fights - combats; (se) battre
A certain deliberateness characterized his attitude. He was not prone to rashness and precipitate action; and in the bitter hatred between him and Spitz he betrayed no impatience, shunned all offensive acts.
deliberateness - délibérée
attitude - posture, état d'esprit, attitude
prone - prone; ; couché sur le ventre, enclin, prédisposé
rashness - témérité, irréflexion
precipitate - précipité; précipité
betrayed - trahi; trahir, livrer, trahir, trahir
Impatience - impatience
shunned - évité; éviter, rejeter, fuir, esquiver
offensive - offensant, offensif, offensive
acts - actes; acte, acte, loi, acte, action, acte, acte, acte, agir
On the other hand, possibly because he divined in Buck a dangerous rival, Spitz never lost an opportunity of showing his teeth. He even went out of his way to bully Buck, striving constantly to start the fight which could end only in the death of one or the other. Early in the trip this might have taken place had it not been for an unwonted accident. At the end of this day they made a bleak and miserable camp on the shore of Lake Le Barge. driving snow, a wind that cut like a white-hot knife, and darkness had forced them to grope for a camping place.
rival - rival, rivale, rivaliser
opportunity - occasion, opportunité, occasion favorable, chance
Bully - bully; ; brimeur, brute, tyran, intimider, tourmenter
striving - en quete d'une solution; (strive) en quete d'une solution
accident - accident
bleak - sombre; pelée, sombre, désagréable
shore - rivage; riverain, parages, bord, rive, borde
lake - lac; marin, lac
Barge - barge; ; chaland
driving snow - la conduite dans la neige
knife - couteau, frapper d'un coup de couteau
grope - se frotter; ; tâter, tâtonner, tripoter, peloter
camping - le camping; ; camping, campisme; (camp) le camping; ; camping
They could hardly have fared worse. At their backs rose a perpendicular wall of rock, and Perrault and Francois were compelled to make their fire and spread their sleeping robes on the ice of the lake itself. The tent they had discarded at Dyea in order to travel light. A few sticks of driftwood furnished them with a fire that thawed down through the ice and left them to eat supper in the dark.
hardly - a peine; ; dur, durement, guere, a peine
rose - Rose; (rise); Rose
perpendicular - perpendiculaire, perpendiculaire, fil a plomb
Rock - le rocher; bercer, balancer, rupestre, rupestre, rocher, roc
compelled - contraint; contraindre, forcer, obliger, contraindre
robes - robes; robe
itself - elle-meme; ; se, soi-meme
discarded - jeté; rejeter, écarter, défausser
driftwood - bois flotté
furnished - meublé; meubler, fournir, livrer
thawed - décongelé; dégeler, dégel, dégel, dégel
supper - dîner; souper
close in under the sheltering rock Buck made his nest. So snug and warm was it, that he was loath to leave it when Francois distributed the fish which he had first thawed over the fire. But when Buck finished his ration and returned, he found his nest occupied. A warning snarl told him that the trespasser was Spitz. till now Buck had avoided trouble with his enemy, but this was too much.
close in - se rapprocher
sheltering - l'abri; abritant; (shelter); abri, refuge, abriter
loath - détester
distributed - distribué; distribuer, distribuer, distribuer, répartir
occupied - occupée; occuper, occuper, occuper, occuper, habiter, occuper
till now - jusqu'a maintenant
enemy - l'ennemi; ; ennemi, ennemie
The beast in him roared. He sprang upon Spitz with a fury which surprised them both, and Spitz particularly, for his whole experience with Buck had gone to teach him that his rival was an unusually timid dog, who managed to hold his own only because of his great weight and size.
roared - a rugi; rugir, hurler, s'esclaffer, rire aux éclats
unusually - de façon inhabituelle
timid - timide, craintif
hold - tenir; stopper, tiens, tiennent, tenons, tenir
Francois was surprised, too, when they shot out in a tangle from the disrupted nest and he divined the cause of the trouble. "A-a-ah!" he cried to Buck. "Gif it to heem, by Gar! Gif it to heem, the dirty t'eef!"
disrupted - perturbé; perturber, déranger, interrompre
Gar - gar
Spitz was equally willing. He was crying with sheer rage and eagerness as he circled back and forth for a chance to spring in. Buck was no less eager, and no less cautious, as he likewise circled back and forth for the advantage. But it was then that the unexpected happened, the thing which projected their struggle for supremacy far into the future, past many a weary mile of trail and toil.
crying - pleurer; ; pleur; (cry); pleurer, crier, hurler, gueuler, pleur
sheer - transparent; pur
chance - chance; hasard, chance
cautious - prudent
supremacy - suprématie
many a - beaucoup d'a
An oath from Perrault, the resounding impact of a club upon a bony frame, and a shrill yelp of pain, heralded the breaking forth of pandemonium. The camp was suddenly discovered to be alive with skulking furry forms,-starving huskies, four or five score of them, who had scented the camp from some Indian village. They had crept in while Buck and Spitz were fighting, and when the two men sprang among them with stout clubs they showed their teeth and fought back.
oath - serment, juron, jurer
resounding - retentissant; retentir
impact - impact, choc, collision, affecter, toucher
bony - osseux
frame - encadrer, cadre, armature, ossature, image, manche, frame, trame
shrill - strident, criard
Pandemonium - pandémonium; ; chaos, charivari, tumulte, chahut
discovered - découvert; découvrir, découvrir
be alive with - etre en vie
skulking - de rôder; (skulk); se cacher
Starving - affamés; affamant; (starve); mourir de faim, crever de faim
scented - parfumée; odeur, odorat, odeur, sentir
Indian - indien; indien, amérindien, indien, Indien, Indienne
crept in - s'est glissée
They were crazed by the smell of the food. Perrault found one with head buried in the grub-box. His club landed heavily on the gaunt ribs, and the grub-box was capsized on the ground. On the instant a score of the famished brutes were scrambling for the bread and bacon. The clubs fell upon them unheeded. They yelped and howled under the rain of blows, but struggled none the less madly till the last crumb had been devoured.
crazed - fou; engouement
smell - odeur, parfum, gout, odorat, sentir, humer
grub - de la bouffe; ; larve, bouffe, boue
heavily - lourdement
ribs - des côtes; côte
capsized - chaviré; chavirer, faire chavirer, chavirer
brutes - brutes; bete, brutal
scrambling - l'embrouille; ; brouillage; (scramble); brouiller
unheeded - non pris en compte
blows - coups; (blow) coups
madly - a la folie; ; follement
crumb - miette, mie, paner
devoured - dévorée; dévorer, dévorer, dévorer
In the meantime the astonished team-dogs had burst out of their nests only to be set upon by the fierce invaders. Never had Buck seen such dogs. It seemed as though their bones would burst through their skins. They were mere skeletons, draped loosely in draggled hides, with blazing eyes and slavered fangs. But the hunger-madness made them terrifying, irresistible. There was no opposing them. The team-dogs were swept back against the cliff at the first onset. Buck was beset by three huskies, and in a trice his head and shoulders were ripped and slashed. The din was frightful. Billee was crying as usual. Dave and Sol-leks, dripping blood from a score of wounds, were fighting bravely side by side.
meantime - entre-temps; ; pendant ce temps
astonished - étonné; étonner, surprendre
burst - l'éclatement; ; éclater, faire éclater, rompre, briser
nests - nids; nid
invaders - envahisseurs; envahisseur, envahisseuse
bones - os; os
skins - peaux; peau, peau, peau, peau, apparence, écorcher, égratigner
skeletons - des squelettes; squelette
draped - drapé; draper
loosely - en toute liberté; ; sans serrer
hides - des peaux; (se) cacher
blazing - flamboyant; feu, embrasement
fangs - des crocs; croc
irresistible - irrésistible
opposing - s'opposant; s'opposer a, opposer
cliff - falaise; falaise, escarpé
onset - l'état d'esprit; ; assaut, attaque, rench: t-needed r
beset - assiégé; assaillir
din - din; vacarme
usual - habituel/habituelle
dripping - goutte a goutte; dégoulinade
bravely - courageusement; ; bravement
Joe was snapping like a demon. Once, his teeth closed on the fore leg of a husky, and he crunched down through the bone. Pike, the malingerer, leaped upon the crippled animal, breaking its neck with a quick flash of teeth and a jerk, Buck got a frothing adversary by the throat, and was sprayed with blood when his teeth sank through the jugular. The warm taste of it in his mouth goaded him to greater fierceness. He flung himself upon another, and at the same time felt teeth sink into his own throat. It was Spitz, treacherously attacking from the side.
Snapping - des claquages; le claquement de doigts; (snap); claquer
demon - démon, diable
crunched - écrasé; croquer, compiler, rench: -neededr
crippled - estropié; estropié, infirme, estropier, bridé
adversary - adversaire, ennemi, ennemie
jugular - jugulaire
taste - gout; ; gout, saveur, avant-gout, gouter, avoir un gout
goaded - poussé; aiguillon, aiguillonner, provoquer
fierceness - férocité; ; acharnement
sink - couler, s'enfoncer, couler, évier, lavabo
treacherously - par traîtrise
attacking - attaquant; attaque, attaque, attaquer, attaquer, apostropher
Perrault and Francois, having cleaned out their part of the camp, hurried to save their sled-dogs. The wild wave of famished beasts rolled back before them, and Buck shook himself free. But it was only for a moment. The two men were compelled to run back to save the grub, upon which the huskies returned to the attack on the team. Billee, terrified into bravery, sprang through the savage circle and fled away over the ice.
hurried - pressé; précipitation, hâte, dépecher
wave - vague; brandir, vague, onde, flottge
beasts - betes; bete, bete sauvage, bete
attack - attaque, attaquer, apostropher, invectiver
bravery - la bravoure; ; courage
Pike and Dub followed on his heels, with the rest of the team behind. As Buck drew himself together to spring after them, out of the tail of his eye he saw Spitz rush upon him with the evident intention of overthrowing him. Once off his feet and under that mass of huskies, there was no hope for him. But he braced himself to the shock of Spitz's charge, then joined the flight out on the lake.
evident - évidentes; ; évident
intention - intention
overthrowing - renverser; renverser
braced - entretoisé; toise, fiche, doublé, retenir
Later, the nine team-dogs gathered together and sought shelter in the forest. Though unpursued, they were in a sorry plight. There was not one who was not wounded in four or five places, while some were wounded grievously. Dub was badly injured in a hind leg; Dolly, the last husky added to the team at Dyea, had a badly torn throat; Joe had lost an eye; while Billee, the good-natured, with an ear chewed and rent to ribbons, cried and whimpered throughout the night. At daybreak they limped warily back to camp, to find the marauders gone and the two men in bad tempers.
gathered - rassemblés; rassembler, ramasser, recueillir, ramasser
sought - recherchée; chercher
shelter - l'abri; ; abri, refuge, abriter
unpursued - non poursuivie
plight - situation difficile; situation critique
grievously - gravement; ; grievement
badly - mal, mauvaisement
injured - blessé; blesser, blesser
hind leg - patte arriere
Dolly - dolly; poupée
natured - naturel; nature, nature
chewed - mâché; mâcher, mordiller, mastiquer
rent - loyer; louez, loyer, louons, arrentez, accensons
ribbons - rubans; ruban, ruban, ruban
whimpered - pleurniché; gémissement, gémir, pleurnicher
throughout - tout au long de l'année; ; tout au long de, durant
daybreak - l'aube; ; point du jour
limped - boitait; mou, faible
warily - avec prudence
marauders - maraudeurs; maraudeur, maraudeuse
tempers - des tempéraments; caractere, tempérament, humeur, état d'esprit
Fully half their grub supply was gone. The huskies had chewed through the sled lashings and canvas coverings. In fact, nothing, no matter how remotely eatable, had escaped them. They had eaten a pair of Perrault's moose-hide moccasins, chunks out of the leather traces, and even two feet of lash from the end of Francois's whip. He broke from a mournful contemplation of it to look over his wounded dogs.
fully - pleinement; ; entierement, completement
supply - l'approvisionnement; livraison, fournir, pourvoir, provision
canvas - toile; canevas
remotely - a distance
eatable - mangeable
escaped - s'est échappé; échapper, s'échapper, éviter, tirer
moose - l'élan; élan
moccasins - mocassins; mocassin
chunks - morceaux; piece, morceau, bloc, fragment, fragment
leather - cuir, de cuir
mournful - triste; ; affligé, éploré, mélancolique, lugubre
contemplation - contemplation
look over - regarder
"Ah, my frien's," he said softly, "mebbe it mek you mad dog, dose many bites. Mebbe all mad dog, sacredam! Wot you t'ink, eh, Perrault?"
frien - ami(e)
softly - en douceur; ; doucement
mebbe - peut-etre
dose - dose; dose
bites - morsures; mordre, mordre, mordre, maintenir, garder, mordre
ink - encre
The courier shook his head dubiously. With four hundred miles of trail still between him and Dawson, he could ill afford to have madness break out among his dogs. Two hours of cursing and exertion got the harnesses into shape, and the wound-stiffened team was under way, struggling painfully over the hardest part of the trail they had yet encountered, and for that matter, the hardest between them and Dawson.
dubiously - douteux; ; dubitativement, douteusement
four hundred - quatre cents
afford - se permettre; ; offrir
break out - éclater
exertion - l'effort; ; effort, dépense
harnesses - harnais; harnais, harnacher
shape - forme, forme
stiffened - s'est raidie; raidir, endurcir, se raidir, s'endurcir
struggling - en difficulté; luttant; (struggle); lutte, lutter, s'efforcer
painfully - douloureusement
encountered - rencontré; rencontrer, rencontre, rencontre
The Thirty Mile River was wide open.
Its wild water defied the frost, and it was in the eddies only and in the quiet places that the ice held at all. Six days of exhausting toil were required to cover those thirty terrible miles. And terrible they were, for every foot of them was accomplished at the risk of life to dog and man. A dozen times, Perrault, nosing the way broke through the ice bridges, being saved by the long pole he carried, which he so held that it fell each time across the hole made by his body. But a cold snap was on, the thermometer registering fifty below zero, and each time he broke through he was compelled for very life to build a fire and dry his garments.
defied - défié; défier, désobéir a
eddies - tourbillons; tourbillon
exhausting - épuisant; épuiser, épuiser, épuiser, échappement
required - nécessaires; exiger, demander, avoir besoin de, requérir
cover - couvercle, couverture, couvert, couvrir, reprendre, parcourir
accomplished - accompli; accomplir, accomplir, accomplir
Risk - risque
broke through - a traversé
bridges - des ponts; pont
cold snap - une vague de froid
thermometer - thermometre; ; thermometre
registering - s'inscrire; registre, inscription, registre, registre, registre
below zero - en dessous de zéro
dry - sec, anhydre, sécher, tfaire sécher
garments - vetements; vetement
nothing daunted him. It was because nothing daunted him that he had been chosen for government courier. He took all manner of risks, resolutely thrusting his little weazened face into the frost and struggling on from dim dawn to dark. He skirted the frowning shores on rim ice that bent and crackled under foot and upon which they dared not halt.
nothing daunted - rien d'intimidant
risks - risques; risque, risque, risque, risque
resolutely - résolument
thrusting - poussée; (thrust); estocade, poussée, propulser
dim - dim; faible, vague
frowning - froncer les sourcils; froncer les sourcils
shores - rivages; rivage
rim - jante; jante
bent - plié; courba, courbai, courbés, courbé, cambrai
crackled - crépité; crépitement, crépiter
dared - osé; oser
Once, the sled broke through, with Dave and Buck, and they were half-frozen and all but drowned by the time they were dragged out. The usual fire was necessary to save them. They were coated solidly with ice, and the two men kept them on the run around the fire, sweating and thawing, so close that they were singed by the flames.
drowned - noyé; noyer
necessary - nécessaire
solidly - solidement
sweating - transpiration; (sweat); transpiration
thawing - décongélation; (thaw); dégeler, dégel
singed - brulé; roussir
flames - flammes; flamme, polémique
At another time Spitz went through, dragging the whole team after him up to Buck, who strained backward with all his strength, his fore paws on the slippery edge and the ice quivering and snapping all around. But behind him was Dave, likewise straining backward, and behind the sled was Francois, pulling till his tendons cracked.
another time - une autre fois
dragging - traînant; tirer, entraîner
strained - tendu; tendre fortement
paws - pattes; patte
slippery - glissant
edge - bord, côté, arete, carre
straining - la tension; (strain) la tension
pulling - tirant; (pull); tirer, retirer, tirer un coup, influence
tendons - les tendons; tendon
cracked - fissuré; (se) feler
By the time they made the Hootalinqua and good ice, Buck was played out. The rest of the dogs were in like condition; but Perrault, to make up lost time, pushed them late and early. The first day they covered thirty-five miles to the Big Salmon; the next day thirty-five more to the Little Salmon; the third day forty miles, which brought them well up toward the Five Fingers.
condition - condition, condition
pushed - poussé; pousser
covered - couverts; couvercle, couverture, couverture, couvert
third - troisieme; ; troisieme, trois, tiers, tierce
fingers - doigts; pointer, tripoter, doigter, doigter
Buck's feet were not so compact and hard as the feet of the huskies. His had softened during the many generations since the day his last wild ancestor was tamed by a cave-dweller or river man. All day long he limped in agony, and camp once made, lay down like a dead dog. Hungry as he was, he would not move to receive his ration of fish, which Francois had to bring to him. Also, the dog-driver rubbed Buck's feet for half an hour each night after supper, and sacrificed the tops of his own moccasins to make four moccasins for Buck.
compact - compact; compact, compacter
softened - adoucie; adoucir
ancestor - ancetre; ; ancetre
tamed - apprivoisé; apprivoisé
cave - grotte; antre, creux, grotte
dweller - habitant
rubbed - frotté; friction, hic, frotter, frotter, frotter, polir
sacrificed - sacrifié; sacrifier, sacrifier, sacrifice, offrande, sacrifice
tops - des sommets; dessus, sommet, couvercle, hune
This was a great relief, and Buck caused even the weazened face of Perrault to twist itself into a grin one morning, when Francois forgot the moccasins and Buck lay on his back, his four feet waving appealingly in the air, and refused to budge without them. Later his feet grew hard to the trail, and the worn-out foot-gear was thrown away.
grin - sourire; rictus
lay on - s'allonger
waving - en faisant signe de la main; (wave) en faisant signe de la main
appealingly - de maniere attrayante
refused - refusé; refuser de
budge - budge; bougez, bougeons, bouger, bougent
gear - l'engrenage; ; panoplie, matériel, matos, engrenage, vitesse
thrown away - jeté
At the Pelly one morning, as they were harnessing up, Dolly, who had never been conspicuous for anything, went suddenly mad. She announced her condition by a long, heartbreaking wolf howl that sent every dog bristling with fear, then sprang straight for Buck. He had never seen a dog go mad, nor did he have any reason to fear madness; yet he knew that here was horror, and fled away from it in a panic. Straight away he raced, with Dolly, panting and frothing, one leap behind; nor could she gain on him, so great was his terror, nor could he leave her, so great was her madness. He plunged through the wooded breast of the island, flew down to the lower end, crossed a back channel filled with rough ice to another island, gained a third island, curved back to the main river, and in desperation started to cross it.
harnessing - l'harnachement; harnais, harnacher
conspicuous - qui se remarque aisément, visible, voyant, remarquable
heartbreaking - déchirant; creve-cour
howl - hurlement, hurler
go mad - devenir fou
horror - l'horreur; ; horreur, effroi, dégout, aversion
panic - panique; panique
raced - couru; course
terror - la terreur; ; terreur, effroi, terrorisme
rough - rude, rugueux, brut, approximatif, difficile, brutal, ébaucher
wooded - boisé; (de) bois
breast - sein, poitrine, cour, poitrail, blanc
lower - plus bas; abaisser, en privé, rabattre, baissent
crossed - croisé; croix, croix, croix, croix, signe de croix
Channel - canal; tube, tuyau, canal
Gained - gagné; gagner
curved - courbé; courbe, courbe, courbes, courber
in desperation - en désespoir de cause
And all the time, though he did not look, he could hear her snarling just one leap behind. Francois called to him a quarter of a mile away and he doubled back, still one leap ahead, gasping painfully for air and putting all his faith in that Francois would save him. The dog-driver held the axe poised in his hand, and as Buck shot past him the axe crashed down upon mad Dolly's head.
gasping - haletant; (gasp); retenir son souffle, haleter, ahaner
poised - en place; assurance, aisance, sang-froid, aplomb, poise
Buck staggered over against the sled, exhausted, sobbing for breath, helpless. This was Spitz's opportunity. He sprang upon Buck, and twice his teeth sank into his unresisting foe and ripped and tore the flesh to the bone. Then Francois's lash descended, and Buck had the satisfaction of watching Spitz receive the worst whipping as yet administered to any of the teams.
sobbing - sanglots; ; sanglotement, sanglotant, sanglotante; (sob); fdp
helpless - sans défense, désemparé
unresisting - sans résistance
foe - ennemi; ennemi/-ie
tore - a la déchirure
flesh - de la chair; ; chair, peau, chair, viande, corps, pulpe
descended - descendu; descendre, descendre, descendre
satisfaction - satisfaction, satisfaction
as yet - a ce jour
"One devil, dat Spitz," remarked Perrault. "Some dam day heem keel dat Buck."
remarked - remarqué; remarque
keel - quille; quille
"Dat Buck two devils," was Francois's rejoinder. "All de tam I watch dat Buck I know for sure. Lissen: some dam fine day heem get mad lak hell an'den heem chew dat Spitz all up an'spit heem out on de snow. Sure. I know."
devils - diables; Diable, Satan, diable, diable, diable, type, diable
rejoinder - réponse, réplique
tam - tam
den - den; nid
chew - mâcher, mordiller, mastiquer
spit - vomir, cracher, jeter, expectorer
From then on it was war between them. Spitz, as lead-dog and acknowledged master of the team, felt his supremacy threatened by this strange Southland dog. And strange Buck was to him, for of the many Southland dogs he had known, not one had shown up worthily in camp and on trail. They were all too soft, dying under the toil, the frost, and starvation. Buck was the exception. He alone endured and prospered, matching the husky in strength, savagery, and cunning.
war - guerre, bataille, entrer en guerre, tfaire la guerre
lead - plomb; guider, plomb, conduire, mener
acknowledged - reconnu; reconnaître, accuser réception, certifier
Master - maître; patron, maîtriser, maître, maitre, maîtrisent
threatened - menacé; menacer, menacer
shown up - s'est montré
worthily - dignement
soft - souple; moelleux, alcoolsans, mou, doux
dying - teignant, mourant; (dye) teignant, mourant
starvation - la famine; ; inanition, famine, faim
prospered - prospéré; prospérer
matching - correspondant; allumette
savagery - la sauvagerie; ; sauvagerie
Then he was a masterful dog, and what made him dangerous was the fact that the club of the man in the red sweater had knocked all blind pluck and rashness out of his desire for mastery. He was preeminently cunning, and could bide his time with a patience that was nothing less than primitive.
masterful - magistral
pluck - tirer, pincer, plumer, voler, abats, persévérance, (du) cour
desire - désirer, désir
preeminently - de maniere prééminente
bide - bide; attendre (le bon moment)
patience - la patience; ; patience
It was inevitable that the clash for leadership should come. Buck wanted it. He wanted it because it was his nature, because he had been gripped tight by that nameless, incomprehensible pride of the trail and trace-that pride which holds dogs in the toil to the last gasp, which lures them to die joyfully in the harness, and breaks their hearts if they are cut out of the harness. This was the pride of Dave as wheel-dog, of Sol-leks as he pulled with all his strength; the pride that laid hold of them at break of camp, transforming them from sour and sullen brutes into straining, eager, ambitious creatures; the pride that spurred them on all day and dropped them at pitch of camp at night, letting them fall back into gloomy unrest and uncontent. This was the pride that bore up Spitz and made him thrash the sled-dogs who blundered and shirked in the traces or hid away at harness-up time in the morning.
inevitable - inévitable, inévitable
clash - clash; ; fracas, cliquetis, échauffourée, escarmouche
leadership - le leadership; ; autorité, charisme, leadership
gripped - saisi; empoigner
tight - serré, tendu, ivre, bien
nameless - sans nom, innomé
incomprehensible - incompréhensible
trace - trace; trace, projection horizontale, décalquer
holds - tient; (main)tenir
gasp - haletant; ; retenir son souffle, haleter, ahaner, haletement
lures - leurres; attrait
hearts - des cours; coeur
wheel - roue, barre, rouler
transforming - la transformation; transformant; (transform); transformer
sullen - maussade, morose, morne, lent
ambitious - ambitieux
spurred - éperonné; éperon
fall back - se replier
unrest - le malaise; ; agitation
uncontent - incontestable
bore - l'alésage; rencontrer, naquis, ennuyer, acabit, lasser
blundered - gaffe; gaffe, qualifier
shirked - s'est dérobé; se dérober a
hid - caché; (hide) caché
Likewise it was this pride that made him fear Buck as a possible lead-dog. And this was Buck's pride, too.
He openly threatened the other's leadership. He came between him and the shirks he should have punished. And he did it deliberately. One night there was a heavy snowfall, and in the morning Pike, the malingerer, did not appear. He was securely hidden in his nest under a foot of snow.
shirks - se dérobe; se dérober a
snowfall - des chutes de neige; ; chute de neige
appear - apparaître, sembler
securely - en toute sécurité
Francois called him and sought him in vain. Spitz was wild with wrath. He raged through the camp, smelling and digging in every likely place, snarling so frightfully that Pike heard and shivered in his hiding-place.
in vain - en vain
raged - enragée; chiffon
smelling - l'odeur; (smell); odeur, parfum, gout, odorat, sentir, humer
digging - creusant; (dig) creusant
Likely - probable
frightfully - effrayante
shivered - frissonné; frissonner
hiding-place - (hiding-place) Une cachette
But when he was at last unearthed, and Spitz flew at him to punish him, Buck flew, with equal rage, in between. So unexpected was it, and so shrewdly managed, that Spitz was hurled backward and off his feet. Pike, who had been trembling abjectly, took heart at this open mutiny, and sprang upon his overthrown leader. Buck, to whom fair play was a forgotten code, likewise sprang upon Spitz. But Francois, chuckling at the incident while unswerving in the administration of justice, brought his lash down upon Buck with all his might.
unearthed - déterrée; découvrir, déterrer
Equal - l'égalité; ; égal, égaler a, égal, égale
shrewdly - astucieusement, avec perspicacité
abjectly - de maniere abjecte; ; abjectement
took heart - a pris le cour
mutiny - révolte, mutinerie
overthrown - renversé; renverser
whom - que, qui
chuckling - rires; (chuckle) rires
incident - incident, checkfait-divers, checkaccident
unswerving - inébranlable
administration of justice - l'administration de la justice
This failed to drive Buck from his prostrate rival, and the butt of the whip was brought into play. Half-stunned by the blow, Buck was knocked backward and the lash laid upon him again and again, while Spitz soundly punished the many times offending Pike.
prostrate - prostrée; ; prosterner
butt - de fesses; crosse
stunned - stupéfait; étourdir, étourdir, étonner, époustoufler
offending - l'offense; offenser, déplaire, blesser, offenser, fr
In the days that followed, as Dawson grew closer and closer, Buck still continued to interfere between Spitz and the culprits; but he did it craftily, when Francois was not around, With the covert mutiny of Buck, a general insubordination sprang up and increased. Dave and Sol-leks were unaffected, but the rest of the team went from bad to worse. Things no longer went right. There was continual bickering and jangling.
continued - suite; continuer, continuer
interfere - meler
culprits - coupables; coupable
craftily - de maniere astucieuse
covert - secrete; ; secret, clandestin
general - général, communal, en chef, universal, d'ensemble, général
insubordination - l'insubordination; ; insubordination
sprang up - a surgi
increased - augmenté; augmenter, croître, augmenter, accroître, augmentation
unaffected - non affectée; indifférent (a)
continual - continuelle
jangling - le jangling; (jangle) le jangling
Trouble was always afoot, and at the bottom of it was Buck. He kept Francois busy, for the dog-driver was in constant apprehension of the life-and-death struggle between the two which he knew must take place sooner or later; and on more than one night the sounds of quarrelling and strife among the other dogs turned him out of his sleeping robe, fearful that Buck and Spitz were at it.
afoot - a l'ouvre; ; a pied, debout, en cours
bottom - fond, bas, dessous, arriere-train, cul
constant - constant, constante
quarrelling - des querelles; (quarrel) des querelles
strife - des conflits; ; dispute, querelle
robe - robe de chambre; ; robe
But the opportunity did not present itself, and they pulled into Dawson one dreary afternoon with the great fight still to come. Here were many men, and countless dogs, and Buck found them all at work. It seemed the ordained order of things that dogs should work. All day they swung up and down the main street in long teams, and in the night their jingling bells still went by.
dreary - lugubre; ; terne, insipide, maussade
countless - innombrables; ; incalculable, innombrable
swung - balancé; osciller, se balancer, balancer, swinguer, balancer
bells - cloches; cloche
They hauled cabin logs and firewood, freighted up to the mines, and did all manner of work that horses did in the Santa Clara Valley. Here and there Buck met Southland dogs, but in the main they were the wild wolf husky breed. Every night, regularly, at nine, at twelve, at three, they lifted a nocturnal song, a weird and eerie chant, in which it was Buck's delight to join.
hauled - transporté; haler, trainer, butin, magot
cabin - cabane, cabine
logs - journaux; rondin, buche
freighted - fret; fret
mines - mines; mien/-ienne, les miens/-iennes
regularly - régulierement; ; régulierement, fréquemment, normalement
nocturnal - nocturne
weird - bizarre, étrange, bizarre
eerie - étrange, sinistre, craintif, timide, peureux
chant - chant; ; chanter
With the aurora borealis flaming coldly overhead, or the stars leaping in the frost dance, and the land numb and frozen under its pall of snow, this song of the huskies might have been the defiance of life, only it was pitched in minor key, with long-drawn wailings and half-sobs, and was more the pleading of life, the articulate travail of existence. It was an old song, old as the breed itself-one of the first songs of the younger world in a day when songs were sad.
aurora - aurore polaire
flaming - flammes; ; enflammé, flambant; (flame); flamme, polémique
coldly - froidement
overhead - des frais généraux; dessus, sur, au dessus, aérien, grippage
leaping - sauter; sauter, bondir
numb - gourd, engourdi, engourdir, endormir, anesthésier
Pall - pall; drap mortuaire, voile
defiance - défiance; ; défi
minor - mineur, mineur
sobs - sanglots; fdp-p
pleading - plaidoyer; (plead); plaider
articulate - articuler; articuler, articulez, articulons, articulent
travail - travail
existence - l'existence; ; existence
It was invested with the woe of unnumbered generations, this plaint by which Buck was so strangely stirred. When he moaned and sobbed, it was with the pain of living that was of old the pain of his wild fathers, and the fear and mystery of the cold and dark that was to them fear and mystery. And that he should be stirred by it marked the completeness with which he harked back through the ages of fire and roof to the raw beginnings of life in the howling ages.
invested - investi; investir, placer
unnumbered - non numérotés
plaint - plaint
strangely - étrangement
stirred - remué; brasser, agiter
moaned - gémi; gémissement, se plaindre, geindre, gémir, mugir
sobbed - sangloté; fdp-p
mystery - mystere; ; mystere
roof - toit; toit
seven days from the time they pulled into Dawson, they dropped down the steep bank by the Barracks to the Yukon Trail, and pulled for Dyea and Salt Water. Perrault was carrying despatches if anything more urgent than those he had brought in; also, the travel pride had gripped him, and he purposed to make the record trip of the year.
seven days - sept jours
steep - raide; raide
Barracks - les casernes; caserne; (barrack) les casernes; caserne
Yukon - le yukon; ; Yukon
more urgent - plus urgent
purposed - voulu; but, objet
record - record; enregistrent, enregistrez, enregistrons, record
Several things favored him in this. The week's rest had recuperated the dogs and put them in thorough trim. The trail they had broken into the country was packed hard by later journeyers. And further, the police had arranged in two or three places deposits of grub for dog and man, and he was travelling light.
recuperated - récupéré; se rétablir
thorough - approfondi; ; minutieux, soigné, exhaustif
trim - de l'habillage; ; tailler, compenser, compensation
arranged - arrangé; arranger, organiser
deposits - dépôts; dépôt, gisement, dépôt, dépôt, acompte, arrhes-p
They made Sixty Mile, which is a fifty-mile run, on the first day; and the second day saw them booming up the Yukon well on their way to Pelly. But such splendid running was achieved not without great trouble and vexation on the part of Francois. The insidious revolt led by Buck had destroyed the solidarity of the team. It no longer was as one dog leaping in the traces. The encouragement Buck gave the rebels led them into all kinds of petty misdemeanors. No more was Spitz a leader greatly to be feared. The old awe departed, and they grew equal to challenging his authority. Pike robbed him of half a fish one night, and gulped it Down Under the protection of Buck.
splendid - splendide, fameux
vexation - vexation; ; tracas, tracasserie, contrariété
insidious - insidieux
revolt - révolter, révolte
destroyed - détruite; détruire, euthanasier
solidarity - la solidarité; ; solidarité
encouragement - d'encouragement; ; encouragement
rebels - rebelles; rebelle
petty - petit, insignifiant, mesquin
misdemeanors - des délits; forfait, délit
feared - craint; peur
awe - la stupeur; ; crainte, révérence, admiration
departed - parti; partir, s’en aller, dévier, quitter
challenging - stimulant; défi, chalenge, défi, chalenge, défier, défier
authority - l'autorité; ; autorité
gulped - avalé; gorgée, trait
Down Under - En bas de l'échelle
protection - protection
Another night Dub and Joe fought Spitz and made him forego the punishment they deserved. And even Billee, the good-natured, was less good-natured, and whined not half so placatingly as in former days. Buck never came near Spitz without snarling and bristling menacingly. In fact, his conduct approached that of a bully, and he was given to swaggering up and down before Spitz's very nose.
punishment - punition, châtiment
deserved - mérité; mériter
former - ancien; ancienne, ancien, ci devant
conduct - comportement, conduite, se comporter, conduire, mener
swaggering - en train de plastronner; (swagger) en train de plastronner
The breaking down of discipline likewise affected the dogs in their relations with one another. They quarrelled and bickered more than ever among themselves, till at times the camp was a howling bedlam. Dave and Sol-leks alone were unaltered, though they were made irritable by the unending squabbling. Francois swore strange barbarous oaths, and stamped the snow in futile rage, and tore his hair.
breaking down - en train de s'effondrer
discipline - discipline, pénalité, branche
affected - affectée; affecter
relations - relations; relation, relation, parent, parente
quarrelled - se sont disputés; dispute
among themselves - entre eux
bedlam - le chaos; ; cour du roi Pétaud, pétaudiere
unaltered - inaltéré
squabbling - des querelles; dispute, guéguerre, riotte, se chamailler
swore - juré; jurer
barbarous - barbare; barbare
oaths - serments; serment, juron, jurer
futile - futile
His lash was always singing among the dogs, but it was of small avail. Directly his back was turned they were at it again. He backed up Spitz with his whip, while Buck backed up the remainder of the team. Francois knew he was behind all the trouble, and Buck knew he knew; but Buck was too clever ever again to be caught red-handed. He worked faithfully in the harness, for the toil had become a delight to him; yet it was a greater delight slyly to precipitate a fight amongst his mates and tangle the traces.
directly - directement, checktout droit
backed up - sauvegardé
amongst - entre; ; parmi
At the mouth of the Tahkeena, one night after supper, Dub turned up a snowshoe rabbit, blundered it, and missed. In a second the whole team was in full cry. A hundred yards away was a camp of the Northwest Police, with fifty dogs, huskies all, who joined the chase. The rabbit sped down the river, turned off into a small creek, up the frozen bed of which it held steadily. It ran lightly on the surface of the snow, while the dogs ploughed through by main strength.
snowshoe - raquette a neige
rabbit - lapin; lapin
cry - pleurer, crier, hurler, gueuler, pleur, cri
northwest - nord-ouest
chase - poursuite; chassez, chassons, poursuivre, pousser, chasser
sped - sped; vitesse
Creek - le ruisseau; ; crique, ruisseau
lightly - légerement; ; légerement
ploughed through - labouré
Buck led the pack, sixty strong, around bend after bend, but he could not gain. He lay down low to the race, whining eagerly, his splendid body flashing forward, leap by leap, in the wan white moonlight. And leap by leap, like some pale frost wraith, the snowshoe rabbit flashed on ahead.
pack - pack; emballer, emballons, emballent, emballez, ballot
bend - plier; ; courber, tordre, tourner
gain - gain; gagner, produit
low - faible; inférieure
race - course; course, race
whining - se plaindre; (whin) se plaindre
forward - avant; acheminent, acheminer, avanten, acheminons
wan - wan; pâle, blafard
moonlight - le clair de lune; ; clair de lune, travailler au noir
pale - pâle; pâle, hâve
wraith - wraith; ; fantôme, spectre
All that stirring of old instincts which at stated periods drives men out from the sounding cities to forest and plain to kill things by chemically propelled leaden pellets, the blood lust, the joy to kill-all this was Buck's, only it was infinitely more intimate. He was ranging at the head of the pack, running the wild thing down, the living meat, to kill with his own teeth and wash his muzzle to the eyes in warm blood.
stirring of - remuant de
stated - a déclaré; état, État, Etat, État, état, état, déclarer
kill - tuer; tuent, tuons, tuer, dézinguer, tuez
chemically - chimiquement
propelled - propulsé; propulser, catapulter, catapulter
pellets - granulés; granule, plomb, pelote
lust - la convoitise; ; luxure, concupiscence, convoitise, joie
infinitely - a l'infini
more intimate - plus intime
ranging - de la gamme; chaîne (de montagnes), cuisiniere, sélection
muzzle - la museliere; ; museau, museliere, museler
There is an ecstasy that marks the summit of life, and beyond which life cannot rise. And such is the paradox of living, this ecstasy comes when one is most alive, and it comes as a complete forgetfulness that one is alive. This ecstasy, this forgetfulness of living, comes to the artist, caught up and out of himself in a sheet of flame; it comes to the soldier, war-mad on a stricken field and refusing quarter; and it came to Buck, leading the pack, sounding the old wolf-cry, straining after the food that was alive and that fled swiftly before him through the moonlight.
ecstasy - l'ecstasy; ; extase, ecstasy, exta
marks - marques; Marc, Marc, Marc
summit - sommet; apogée
paradox - paradoxe, antinomie
sheet - feuille, plaque, écoute
flame - flamme, polémique
soldier - soldat, mouillette
field - champ, campo, terrain, corps, rubrique, attraper
refusing - refusant; refuser de
leading - dirigeante; (lead) dirigeante
He was sounding the deeps of his nature, and of the parts of his nature that were deeper than he, going back into the womb of Time. He was mastered by the sheer surging of life, the tidal wave of being, the perfect joy of each separate muscle, joint, and sinew in that it was everything that was not death, that it was aglow and rampant, expressing itself in movement, flying exultantly under the stars and over the face of dead matter that did not move.
deeps - deeps; profond, épais, profond, grave, foncé, foncée
deeper - plus profond; profond, épais, profond, grave, foncé, foncée
womb - l'utérus; ; utérus, ventre
tidal wave - raz-de-marée
separate - séparés; ; séparé, séparée, séparer
joint - conjoint, commun, articulation, rotule, jointure, assemblage
aglow - l'éclat
rampant - rampante; ; rampant, effréné
expressing - exprimant; exprimer
movement - mouvement
exultantly - avec exaltation
But Spitz, cold and calculating even in his supreme moods, left the pack and cut across a narrow neck of land where the creek made a long bend around. Buck did not know of this, and as he rounded the bend, the frost wraith of a rabbit still flitting before him, he saw another and larger frost wraith leap from the overhanging bank into the immediate path of the rabbit.
calculating - calculant; calculer, calculer
moods - d'humeur; humeur
rounded - arrondi; rond
flitting - flottement; (flit); voltiger, voleter, papillonner, virevolter
overhanging - en surplomb; surplomber, surplomb
immediate - immédiate; ; immédiat, proche
path - chemin; sentier
It was Spitz. The rabbit could not turn, and as the white teeth broke its back in mid air it shrieked as loudly as a stricken man may shriek. At sound of this, the cry of Life plunging down from Life's apex in the grip of Death, the fall pack at Buck's heels raised a hell's chorus of delight.
shrieked - a crié; hurlement, crier
loudly - bruyamment; ; fort, a voix haute, a haute voix
plunging - plongeant; (plunge) plongeant
apex - apex, sommet, apogée
grip - poignée; ballot, grippe, saisir, agripper, préhension
chorus - chour; ; chour antique, chour, chorale, refrain
Buck did not cry out. He did not check himself, but drove in upon Spitz, shoulder to shoulder, so hard that he missed the throat. They rolled over and over in the powdery snow. Spitz gained his feet almost as though he had not been overthrown, slashing Buck down the shoulder and leaping clear.
powdery - poudreux
slashing - la réduction des effectifs; (slash) la réduction des effectifs
Twice his teeth clipped together, like the steel jaws of a trap, as he backed away for better footing, with lean and lifting lips that writhed and snarled.
clipped - coupée; couper, tondre
steel - l'acier; acier
writhed - s'est tordu; se débattre, se démener, se tortiller
In a flash Buck knew it. The time had come. It was to the death. As they circled about, snarling, ears laid back, keenly watchful for the advantage, the scene came to Buck with a sense of familiarity. He seemed to remember it all,-the white woods, and earth, and moonlight, and the thrill of battle. Over the whiteness and silence brooded a ghostly calm. There was not the faintest whisper of air-nothing moved, not a leaf quivered, the visible breaths of the dogs rising slowly and lingering in the frosty air. They had made short work of the snowshoe rabbit, these dogs that were ill-tamed wolves; and they were now drawn up in an expectant circle.
keenly - vivement
watchful - attentif, vigilant
familiarity - familiarité
woods - bois; (de) bois
earth - terre, terrier, relier a la terre, tmettre a la terre, enterrer
thrill - l'excitation; exciter
whiteness - la blancheur; ; blancheur, blanchité, blanchitude
silence - le silence; ; silence
brooded - couvé; couvée, couvée, couvée, couver, couver, protéger
ghostly - fantomatique
whisper - chuchotement, chuchoter, susurrer, murmurer
leaf - feuille, rallonge, battant, ouvrant, vantail, feuiller
quivered - a tremblé; frémir
visible - visible
breaths - respirations; respiration, souffle, respiration, haleine
Lingering - s'attarder; qui s'attardent; (linger); s'installer, stagner
frosty - froid, gelé, givré, glacial
wolves - loups; loup, tombeur, loup, dévorer, engloutir
expectant - en attente; ; expectatif
They, too, were silent, their eyes only gleaming and their breaths drifting slowly upward. To Buck it was nothing new or strange, this scene of old time. It was as though it had always been, the wonted way of things.
drifting - a la dérive; dérive, dériver, errer, dévier
upward - a la hausse
Spitz was a practised fighter. From Spitzbergen through the Arctic, and across Canada and the Barrens, he had held his own with all manner of dogs and achieved to mastery over them. Bitter rage was his, but never blind rage. In passion to rend and destroy, he never forgot that his enemy was in like passion to rend and destroy. He never rushed till he was prepared to receive a rush; never attacked till he had first defended that attack.
fighter - combattant, lutteur, guerrier, chasseur
Canada - le canada; Canada
rend - rend; ; rompre, déchirer
destroy - détruire, euthanasier
attacked - attaqué; attaque, attaque, attaquer, attaquer, apostropher
defended - défendue; défendre
In vain Buck strove to sink his teeth in the neck of the big white dog. Wherever his fangs struck for the softer flesh, they were countered by the fangs of Spitz. Fang clashed fang, and lips were cut and bleeding, but Buck could not penetrate his enemy's guard. Then he warmed up and enveloped Spitz in a whirlwind of rushes. Time and time again he tried for the snow-white throat, where life bubbled near to the surface, and each time and every time Spitz slashed him and got away.
strove - s'efforcer; s''efforcer de
softer - plus doux; mou
clashed - se sont heurtés; fracas, cliquetis, échauffourée, escarmouche
bleeding - des saignements; ; saignant, saignement
penetrate - pénétrer
guard - garde, garde, protection, gardien, arriere, défense, garder
enveloped - enveloppé; envelopper
whirlwind - tourbillon; ; cyclone
rushes - des joncs; se précipiter, emmener d''urgence
bubbled - bullé; bulle, trou, vent, bulle, ambiance, bouillonner
got away - s'est échappé
Then Buck took to rushing, as though for the throat, when, suddenly drawing back his head and curving in from the side, he would drive his shoulder at the shoulder of Spitz, as a ram by which to overthrow him. But instead, Buck's shoulder was slashed down each time as Spitz leaped lightly away.
curving - en courbe; courbe, courbe, courbes, courber
ram - bélier; ; RAM, mémoire RAM
overthrow - renverser; renverser
instead - a la place; ; a la place, au lieu de
Spitz was untouched, while Buck was streaming with blood and panting hard.
untouched - intacte
streaming - streaming; (stream); ruisseau, ru, rupt, filet, flot, courant
The fight was growing desperate. And all the while the silent and wolfish circle waited to finish off whichever dog went down. As Buck grew winded, Spitz took to rushing, and he kept him staggering for footing. Once Buck went over, and the whole circle of sixty dogs started up; but he recovered himself, almost in mid air, and the circle sank down again and waited.
desperate - désespérée; ; désespéré
whichever - quel qu'il soit; ; n'importe quel, n'importe lequel
winded - essoufflé
started up - a démarré
But Buck possessed a quality that made for greatness-imagination. He fought by instinct, but he could fight by head as well. He rushed, as though attempting the old shoulder trick, but at the last instant swept low to the snow and in. His teeth closed on Spitz's left fore leg. There was a crunch of breaking bone, and the white dog faced him on three legs. Thrice he tried to knock him over, then repeated the trick and broke the right fore leg.
quality - qualité
greatness - la grandeur; ; grandeur
imagination - l'imagination; ; imagination
instinct - l'instinct; ; instinct
attempting - tenter; tenter, essayer, tentative, attentat
crunch - croquer, compiler, rench: t-needed r
thrice - trois fois
knock - coup, frapper
Despite the pain and helplessness, Spitz struggled madly to keep up. He saw the silent circle, with gleaming eyes, lolling tongues, and silvery breaths drifting upward, closing in upon him as he had seen similar circles close in upon beaten antagonists in the past. Only this time he was the one who was beaten.
despite - en dépit de, malgré
tongues - langues; langue, languette
silvery - argenté, argentin
circles - cercles; cercle, disque, cercle, cercle, yeux cernés-p, cerne
antagonists - antagonistes; antagoniste, antagoniste
There was no hope for him. Buck was inexorable. Mercy was a thing reserved for gentler climes. He manoeuvred for the final rush. The circle had tightened till he could feel the breaths of the huskies on his flanks. He could see them, beyond Spitz and to either side, half crouching for the spring, their eyes fixed upon him. A pause seemed to fall. Every animal was motionless as though turned to stone. Only Spitz quivered and bristled as he staggered back and forth, snarling with horrible menace, as though to frighten off impending death.
inexorable - inexorable
mercy - la pitié; ; miséricorde, pitié
reserved - réservé; réservation, réserve, réserves-p, réserve, réserve
gentler - plus doux; gentil, doux, gentil
manoeuvred - manouvré; manouvre
flanks - les flancs; flanc, flanchet, flanc, flanc
either - chaque, non plus, ou, soit, soit , ou
crouching - accroupi; s''accroupir
fixed - fixé; réparer, fixer, préparer, truquer, tricher, réparation
pause - pauser, pause
motionless - immobile
stone - pierre, roche, caillou, roc
horrible - horrible, affreux, épouvantable
menace - menace; menacer
frighten - effrayer, redouter, terrifier
Then Buck sprang in and out; but while he was in, shoulder had at last squarely met shoulder. The dark circle became a dot on the moon-flooded snow as Spitz disappeared from view. Buck stood and looked on, the successful champion, the dominant primordial beast who had made his kill and found it good.
squarely - d'équerre, a l'équerre, carrément, solidement, fermement
moon - lune
flooded - inondé; inondation, inonder, inonder, submerger, noyer
view - vue, vue, vision, regard, point de vue, opinion, regarder
successful - réussie; ; ayant du succes, marqué de succes, couronné de succes
champion - champion, championne, championner
"Eh? Wot I say? I spik true w'en I say dat Buck two devils." This was Francois's speech next morning when he discovered Spitz missing and Buck covered with wounds. He drew him to the fire and by its light pointed them out.
spik - spik
en - en
Speech - parole, discours
"Dat Spitz fight lak hell," said Perrault, as he surveyed the gaping rips and cuts.
surveyed - enquetés; sondage, arpentage, reconnaissance, sondage, enquete
gaping - béante; (gap) béante
rips - déchirures; (se) déchirer
"An'dat Buck fight lak two hells," was Francois's answer. "An'now we make good time. No more Spitz, no more trouble, sure."
hells - l'enfer; enfer
While Perrault packed the camp outfit and loaded the sled, the dog-driver proceeded to harness the dogs. Buck trotted up to the place Spitz would have occupied as leader; but Francois, not noticing him, brought Sol-leks to the coveted position. In his judgment, Sol-leks was the best lead-dog left. Buck sprang upon Sol-leks in a fury, driving him back and standing in his place.
outfit - la tenue; ; complet, costume, tenue, nécessaire, maison
trotted - trotté; trotter
noticing - remarquer; remarquer, notification, préavis, préavis, remarquer
coveted - convoitée; convoiter, désirer, convoiter, guigner
judgment - jugement, sentence, verdict, jugement dernier
"Eh? eh?" Francois cried, slapping his thighs gleefully. "Look at dat Buck. Heem keel dat Spitz, heem t'ink to take de job."
slapping - gifle; claque, gifler
thighs - cuisses; cuisse
gleefully - avec joie
"Go 'way, Chook!" he cried, but Buck refused to budge.
He took Buck by the scruff of the neck, and though the dog growled threateningly, dragged him to one side and replaced Sol-leks. The old dog did not like it, and showed plainly that he was afraid of Buck. Francois was obdurate, but when he turned his back Buck again displaced Sol-leks, who was not at all unwilling to go.
scruff - des croutes; mâchurer
threateningly - de façon menaçante
replaced - remplacés; remplacer
obdurate - obstiné; ; opiniâtre, tetu, dur comme un roc
Francois was angry. "Now, by Gar, I feex you!" he cried, coming back with a heavy club in his hand.
Buck remembered the man in the red sweater, and retreated slowly; nor did he attempt to charge in when Sol-leks was once more brought forward. But he circled just beyond the range of the club, snarling with bitterness and rage; and while he circled he watched the club so as to dodge it if thrown by Francois, for he was become wise in the way of clubs. The driver went about his work, and he called to Buck when he was ready to put him in his old place in front of Dave.
retreated - s'est retirée; battre en retraite
brought forward - mis en avant
range - chaîne (de montagnes), cuisiniere, sélection, gamme, champ
bitterness - l'amertume; ; amertume
Dodge - dodge; ; éviter, contourner, esquiver, éluder
thrown - jeté; jeter, lancer
Buck retreated two or three steps. Francois followed him up, whereupon he again retreated. After some time of this, Francois threw down the club, thinking that Buck feared a thrashing. But Buck was in open revolt. He wanted, not to escape a clubbing, but to have the leadership. It was his by right. He had earned it, and he would not be content with less.
steps - étapes; pas
escape - échapper, s'échapper, éviter, échapper (a quelqu'un), évasion
earned - gagnée; gagner (sa vie), rapporter
content with - dont vous etes satisfait
Perrault took a hand. Between them they ran him about for the better part of an hour. They threw clubs at him.
He dodged. They cursed him, and his fathers and mothers before him, and all his seed to come after him down to the remotest generation, and every hair on his body and drop of blood in his veins; and he answered curse with snarl and kept out of their reach. He did not try to run away, but retreated around and around the camp, advertising plainly that when his desire was met, he would come in and be good.
dodged - esquivé; éviter, contourner, esquiver, esquiver, éluder
cursed - maudis, maudite, maudites, maudits, maudit; (curs) maudis
seed - semences; semailles, semence, pépin
remotest - le plus éloigné; distant, éloigné, télécommande
generation - génération, création, génération, generation
drop - chute; goutte, tomber
veins - veines; veine
reach - atteindre; atteindre, parviens, allonge, parvenir, préhension
advertising - la publicité; ; publicité, publicité; (advertise); annoncer
Francois sat down and scratched his head. Perrault looked at his watch and swore. Time was flying, and they should have been on the trail an hour gone. Francois scratched his head again. He shook it and grinned sheepishly at the courier, who shrugged his shoulders in sign that they were beaten. Then Francois went up to where Sol-leks stood and called to Buck. Buck laughed, as dogs laugh, yet kept his distance. Francois unfastened Sol-leks's traces and put him back in his old place.
scratched - égratigné; gratter, égratigner, piquer, rayer, biffer, rayer
shrugged - haussé les épaules; haussement d'épaules, hausser les épaules
sign - signe; signent, signez, placard, caractériser, signe
distance - distance, éloigner, checks'éloigner
unfastened - non fermé; défaire
The team stood harnessed to the sled in an unbroken line, ready for the trail. There was no place for Buck save at the front. Once more Francois called, and once more Buck laughed and kept away.
unbroken - ininterrompue
kept away - tenu a l'écart
"T'row down de club," Perrault commanded.
Row - rangée; tintamarre, canoter, ramer, rangée
Francois complied, whereupon Buck trotted in, laughing triumphantly, and swung around into position at the head of the team. His traces were fastened, the sled broken out, and with both men running they dashed out on to the river trail.
complied - s'est-elle conformée; se conformer, respecter, acquiescer
broken out - rompu
dashed - en pointillés; tiret, trait, ta, sprint, soupçon, se précipiter
Highly as the dog-driver had forevalued Buck, with his two devils, he found, while the day was yet young, that he had undervalued. At a bound Buck took up the duties of leadership; and where judgment was required, and quick thinking and quick acting, he showed himself the superior even of Spitz, of whom Francois had never seen an equal.
highly - hautement; ; extremement
forevalued - réévalué
bound - lié; entrain; (bind); lier, attacher, nouer, connecter, coupler
duties - fonctions; devoir, obligation, service, travail, taxe
acting - en tant qu'acteur; ; intérimaire, par intérim; (act); acte, loi
superior - supérieur, supérieur
But it was in giving the law and making his mates live up to it, that Buck excelled. Dave and Sol-leks did not mind the change in leadership. It was none of their business. Their business was to toil, and toil mightily, in the traces. So long as that were not interfered with, they did not care what happened. Billee, the good-natured, could lead for all they cared, so long as he kept order.
excelled - excellé; dépasser, dépasser
mightily - puissamment
interfered - interféré; meler
care - soins; s'occuper, soin, souci
The rest of the team, however, had grown unruly during the last days of Spitz, and their surprise was great now that Buck proceeded to lick them into shape.
unruly - désobéissant, incontrôlable, indiscipliné
Pike, who pulled at Buck's heels, and who never put an ounce more of his weight against the breast-band than he was compelled to do, was swiftly and repeatedly shaken for loafing; and ere the first day was done he was pulling more than ever before in his life.
ounce - once; once
shaken - secoué; secouer, agiter, secouer, secouer, secouer
loafing - fleme; (loaf) fleme
The first night in camp, Joe, the sour one, was punished roundly-a thing that Spitz had never succeeded in doing. Buck simply smothered him by virtue of superior weight, and cut him up till he ceased snapping and began to whine for mercy.
first night - premiere nuit
roundly - cyclo
Simply - tout simplement; ; simplement
smothered - étouffé; étouffer
whine - se plaindre; ; pleurnicherie, geignement, couiner, geindre
The general tone of the team picked up immediately. It recovered its old-time solidarity, and once more the dogs leaped as one dog in the traces. At the Rink Rapids two native huskies, Teek and Koona, were added; and the celerity with which Buck broke them in took away Francois's breath.
tone - ton; tonalité, ton, tonale
immediately - immédiatement, tout de suite, aussitôt
Rink - la patinoire; patinoire
rapids - rapides; rapide, rapides-p
native - maternel, autochtone, indigene, natif, endémique
celerity - célérité
took away - a emporté
"Nevaire such a dog as dat Buck!" he cried. "No, nevaire! Heem worth one t'ousan'dollair, by Gar! Eh? Wot you say, Perrault?"
And Perrault nodded. He was ahead of the record then, and gaining day by day. The trail was in excellent condition, well packed and hard, and there was no new-fallen snow with which to contend. It was not too cold. The temperature dropped to fifty below zero and remained there the whole trip. The men rode and ran by turn, and the dogs were kept on the jump, with but infrequent stoppages.
gaining - l'acquisition; (gain) l'acquisition
excellent - excellent
temperature - température
jump - sauter; sautent, sautiller, sauter, sautons, félure
infrequent - peu fréquents
The Thirty MiLe River was comparatively coated with ice, and they covered in one day going out what had taken them ten days coming in. In one run they made a sixty-mile dash from the foot of Lake Le Barge to the White Horse Rapids. Across Marsh, Tagish, and Bennett (seventy miles of lakes), they flew so fast that the man whose turn it was to run towed behind the sled at the end of a rope.
le - LE
comparatively - comparativement
Dash - dash; ; tiret, trait, ta, sprint, soupçon, se précipiter
Marsh - le marais; ; marais
towed - remorqué; remorquer
And on the last night of the second week they topped White Pass and dropped down the sea slope with the lights of Skaguay and of the shipping at their feet.
topped - étetée; dessus, sommet, couvercle, hune, premiere demi-manche
slope - pente, inclinaison
Shipping - l'expédition; (ship) l'expédition
It was a record run. Each day for fourteen days they had averaged forty miles. For three days Perrault and Francois threw chests up and down the main street of Skaguay and were deluged with invitations to drink, while the team was the constant centre of a worshipful crowd of dog-busters and mushers. Then three or four western bad men aspired to clean out the town, were riddled like pepper-boxes for their pains, and public interest turned to other idols.
record run - un record
averaged - moyenne; moyenne
chests - coffres; poitrine
deluged - inondé; déluge
invitations - des invitations; invitation, invitation
worshipful - vénérable
crowd - foule; acculer, foule, amas, marée humaine
busters - busters; pote
Western - occidentale; ; occidental, western
riddled - criblé; devinette
pains - douleurs; douleur
public interest - l'intéret public
idols - idoles; idole, idole
Next came official orders. Francois called Buck to him, threw his arms around him, wept over him. And that was the last of Francois and Perrault. Like other men, they passed out of Buck's life for good.
official - officielle; ; officiel, cadre, fonctionnaire
wept - pleuré; pleurer
A Scotch half-breed took charge of him and his mates, and in company with a dozen other dog-teams he started back over the weary trail to Dawson. It was no light running now, nor record time, but heavy toil each day, with a heavy load behind; for this was the mail train, carrying word from the world to the men who sought gold under the shadow of the Pole.
record time - temps record
mail - courrier; postal
gold - l'or; or
shadow - l'ombre; ; ombre, prendre en filature, filer
Buck did not like it, but he bore up well to the work, taking pride in it after the manner of Dave and Sol-leks, and seeing that his mates, whether they prided in it or not, did their fair share. It was a monotonous life, operating with machine-like regularity. One day was very like another. At a certain time each morning the cooks turned out, fires were built, and breakfast was eaten. Then, while some broke camp, others harnessed the dogs, and they were under way an hour or so before the darkness fell which gave warning of dawn.
monotonous - monotone
operating - en fonctionnement; opérer, ouvrer, opérer, opérer
regularity - régularité
At night, camp was made. Some pitched the flies, others cut firewood and pine boughs for the beds, and still others carried water or ice for the cooks. Also, the dogs were fed. To them, this was the one feature of the day, though it was good to loaf around, after the fish was eaten, for an hour or so with the other dogs, of which there were fivescore and odd. There were fierce fighters among them, but three battles with the fiercest brought Buck to mastery, so that when he bristled and showed his teeth they got out of his way.
pine - pin; pin
feature - fonction
odd - rench: t-needed r, bizarre, étrange, impair, a peu pres
fighters - combattants; combattant, lutteur, combattant, lutteur, guerrier
battles - batailles; bataille, combat
fiercest - le plus féroce; féroce
Best of all, perhaps, he loved to lie near the fire, hind legs crouched under him, fore legs stretched out in front, head raised, and eyes blinking dreamily at the flames. Sometimes he thought of Judge Miller's big house in the sun-kissed Santa Clara Valley, and of the cement swimming-tank, and Ysabel, the Mexican hairless, and Toots, the Japanese pug; but oftener he remembered the man in the red sweater, the death of Curly, the great fight with Spitz, and the good things he had eaten or would like to eat.
Perhaps - peut-etre; ; peut-etre, possiblement
lie - mentir; mentir, mensonge, mentez, gésir, gis, mentons
crouched - accroupi; s''accroupir
stretched - étiré; étendre, s'étendre, s'étirer, étirement
blinking - clignotant; ciller, cligner des yeux, clignoter
dreamily - reveusement
He was not homesick. The Sunland was very dim and distant, and such memories had no power over him. Far more potent were the memories of his heredity that gave things he had never seen before a seeming familiarity; the instincts (which were but the memories of his ancestors become habits) which had lapsed in later days, and still later, in him, quickened and become alive again.
homesick - le mal du pays
Sunland - le pays du soleil
distant - distante; ; distant, lointain, éloigné
memories - des souvenirs; mémoire, souvenir, mémoire
power - pouvoir, puissance, électricité, courant, alimenter
more potent - plus puissant
seeming - en apparence; paraissant; (seem); sembler, paraître, avoir l'air
habits - habitudes; habitude
lapsed - caduque; erreur, faute
Sometimes as he crouched there, blinking dreamily at the flames, it seemed that the flames were of another fire, and that as he crouched by this other fire he saw another and different man from the half-breed cook before him. This other man was shorter of leg and longer of arm, with muscles that were stringy and knotty rather than rounded and swelling. The hair of this man was long and matted, and his head slanted back under it from the eyes. He uttered strange sounds, and seemed very much afraid of the darkness, into which he peered continually, clutching in his hand, which hung midway between knee and foot, a stick with a heavy stone made fast to the end. He was all but naked, a ragged and fire-scorched skin hanging part way down his back, but on his body there was much hair.
stringy - filandreux
swelling - gonflement; (swell); gonflement
matted - maté; (petit) tapis
slanted - incliné; biais, connotation, bridé, qualifier
under it - en dessous
uttered - prononcée; complet, total
clutching - l'embrayage; se raccrocher (a)
hung - accroché; suspendre, etre accroché
midway - a mi-parcours; a mi-chemin
stick - bâton; bâton, canne, stick
naked - nue; nu, a poil, dénudé
scorched - brulé; roussir, bruler, roussir, bruler
skin - la peau; ; peau, apparence, écorcher, égratigner, dépouiller
hanging - suspension; (hang) suspension
In some places, across the chest and shoulders and down the outside of the arms and thighs, it was matted into almost a thick fur. He did not stand erect, but with trunk inclined forward from the hips, on legs that bent at the knees. About his body there was a peculiar springiness, or resiliency, almost catlike, and a quick alertness as of one who lived in perpetual fear of things seen and unseen.
matted - maté; mat, mate
fur - fourrure; peau, fourrure
erect - en érection; fonder, érigeons, érigent, érigez, arborer, ériger
trunk - tronc, malle, coffre, trompe, coffre (de voiture), valise
hips - hanches; hanche
springiness - le printemps
resiliency - résilience
catlike - a la maniere d'un chat; ; félin
At other times this hairy man squatted by the fire with head between his legs and slept. On such occasions his elbows were on his knees, his hands clasped above his head as though to shed rain by the hairy arms. And beyond that fire, in the circling darkness, Buck could see many gleaming coals, two by two, always two by two, which he knew to be the eyes of great beasts of prey.
hairy - poilu
squatted - s'est accroupi; s''accroupir
occasions - occasions; occasion
elbows - coudes; coude, coude, coup de coude, jouer des coudes
clasped - serré; fermoir, serrer
circling - en cercle; (circle); cercle, disque, yeux cernés, cerne
coals - charbons; charbon, houille, tisons-p, charbon, fr
prey - la proie; ; butin, prise, proie
And he could hear the crashing of their bodies through the undergrowth, and the noises they made in the night. And dreaming there by the Yukon bank, with lazy eyes blinking at the fire, these sounds and sights of another world would make the hair to rise along his back and stand on end across his shoulders and up his neck, till he whimpered low and suppressedly, or growled softly, and the half-breed cook shouted at him, "Hey, you Buck, wake up!" Whereupon the other world would vanish and the real world come into his eyes, and he would get up and yawn and stretch as though he had been asleep.
crashing - se bloquer; fracas
undergrowth - broussailles, sous-bois, maquis
dreaming - en train de rever; revant; (dream); reve, songe, voeu
blinking at - en clignant des yeux
sights - vues; vue, quelque chose a voir, truc a voir, mire, viseur
suppressedly - de maniere réprimée
shouted - crié; cri
vanish - disparaître, s'évanouir, s'annuler
yawn - bâiller, béer, bâillement
stretch - étendre, s'étendre, s'étirer, étirement
It was a hard trip, with the mail behind them, and the heavy work wore them down. They were short of weight and in poor condition when they made Dawson, and should have had a ten days'or a week's rest at least. But in two days'time they dropped down the Yukon bank from the Barracks, loaded with letters for the outside.
The dogs were tired, the drivers grumbling, and to make matters worse, it snowed every day. This meant a soft trail, greater friction on the runners, and heavier pulling for the dogs; yet the drivers were fair through it all, and did their best for the animals.
grumbling - grommeler; (grumble); grondement, gargouillement, grognement
matters - questions; matiere, matiere, matiere, affaire, question, cause
friction - frottement, friction, désaccord
runners - coureurs; coureur, coureuse, coulisse, glissiere
heavier - plus lourd; lourd
Each night the dogs were attended to first. They ate before the drivers ate, and no man sought his sleeping-robe till he had seen to the feet of the dogs he drove. Still, their strength went down. Since the beginning of the winter they had travelled eighteen hundred miles, dragging sleds the whole weary distance; and eighteen hundred miles will tell upon life of the toughest.
attended - a assisté; assister a, suivre
Buck stood it, keeping his mates up to their work and maintaining discipline, though he, too, was very tired. Billee cried and whimpered regularly in his sleep each night. Joe was sourer than ever, and Sol-leks was unapproachable, blind side or other side.
maintaining - le maintien; entretenir, maintenir
sourer - plus aigre; aigre, sur, rance, tourné, rance, acerbe, acariâtre
unapproachable - inaccessible
But it was Dave who suffered most of all. Something had gone wrong with him. He became more morose and irritable, and when camp was pitched at once made his nest, where his driver fed him. Once out of the harness and down, he did not get on his feet again till harness-up time in the morning. Sometimes, in the traces, when jerked by a sudden stoppage of the sled, or by straining to start it, he would cry out with pain. The driver examined him, but could find nothing.
gone wrong - a mal tourné
more morose - plus morose
stoppage - arret
examined - examinés; examiner, examiner
All the drivers became interested in his case. They talked it over at meal-time, and over their last pipes before going to bed, and one night they held a consultation. He was brought from his nest to the fire and was pressed and prodded till he cried out many times. Something was wrong inside, but they could locate no broken bones, could not make it out.
case - cas; affaire, fouille, étui, chose, cas
pipes - des tuyaux; cornemuse, conduit, tuyau, barre verticale, tube
consultation - consultation
prodded - poussé; pousser
locate - localiser, se poser, situer, checkplacer
By the time Cassiar Bar was reached, he was so weak that he was falling repeatedly in the traces. The Scotch half-breed called a halt and took him out of the team, making the next dog, Sol-leks, fast to the sled. His intention was to rest Dave, letting him run free behind the sled. Sick as he was, Dave resented being taken out, grunting and growling while the traces were unfastened, and whimpering broken-heartedly when he saw Sol-leks in the position he had held and served so long.
bar - bar; barrent, barrons, barrer, barrez, tringle
reached - atteint; arriver/parvenir a
weak - faible, débile
run free - etre libre
resented - s'est fait remarquer; s''offenser de qqch
grunting - grognement; (grunt); grognement, bidasse, troufion, grogner
whimpering - des gémissements; (whimper); gémissement, gémir, pleurnicher
heartedly - de bon cour
served - servi; service, servir, servir, servir, signifier, purger
For the pride of trace and trail was his, and, sick unto death, he could not bear that another dog should do his work.
unto - unto
bear - ours; endurer, naîs, produire, ours, souffrir, subir
When the sled started, he floundered in the soft snow alongside the beaten trail, attacking Sol-leks with his teeth, rushing against him and trying to thrust him off into the soft snow on the other side, striving to leap inside his traces and get between him and the sled, and all the while whining and yelping and crying with grief and pain. The half-breed tried to drive him away with the whip; but he paid no heed to the stinging lash, and the man had not the heart to strike harder.
floundered - a flanché; patauger (péniblement)
alongside - a côté; ; a côté, a côté de, le long de
thrust - estocade, poussée, propulser
grief - le chagrin; ; douleur, peine
heed - attention, observer, surveiller, preter attention
stinging - des piqures; (sting) des piqures
Dave refused to run quietly on the trail behind the sled, where the going was easy, but continued to flounder alongside in the soft snow, where the going was most difficult, till exhausted. Then he fell, and lay where he fell, howling lugubriously as the long train of sleds churned by.
quietly - paisablement, tranquillement, quietement
flounder - le flet; frétiller
most difficult - le plus difficile
lugubriously - lugubrement
churned - baratté; baratter, agiter, agiter, baratte
With the last remnant of his strength he managed to stagger along behind till the train made another stop, when he floundered past the sleds to his own, where he stood alongside Sol-leks. His driver lingered a moment to get a light for his pipe from the man behind. Then he returned and started his dogs. They swung out on the trail with remarkable lack of exertion, turned their heads uneasily, and stopped in surprise.
remnant - vestige; ; reste
stagger - tituber; tituber; (stag); cerf, bouf
lingered - s'est attardé; s'installer, stagner, s'incruster, s'éteindre
pipe - cornemuse, conduit, tuyau, barre verticale, tube, pipe
uneasily - mal a l'aise
The driver was surprised, too; the sled had not moved. He called his comrades to witness the sight. Dave had bitten through both of Sol-leks's traces, and was standing directly in front of the sled in his proper place.
comrades - camarades; camaradef, camarade, camarade, camarade
witness - témoin
bitten through - mordu a travers
proper - appropriée; ; approprié, convenable, exact, juste, propre
He pleaded with his eyes to remain there. The driver was perplexed. His comrades talked of how a dog could break its heart through being denied the work that killed it, and recalled instances they had known, where dogs, too old for the toil, or injured, had died because they were cut out of the traces. Also, they held it a mercy, since Dave was to die anyway, that he should die in the traces, heart-easy and content.
pleaded - plaidée; plaider
remain - reste, rester, demeurer
perplexed - perplexe; déconcerter, troubler, dérouter
denied - refusée; nier, démentir, refuser
recalled - rappelée; rappeler, souvenir
instances - instances; instance
anyway - quand meme, de toute façon, en tout cas, d'ailleurs, bref
content - contenu; satisfait, contentement
So he was harnessed in again, and proudly he pulled as of old, though more than once he cried out involuntarily from the bite of his inward hurt. Several times he fell down and was dragged in the traces, and once the sled ran upon him so that he limped thereafter in one of his hind legs.
proudly - fierement; ; fierement
inward - vers l'intérieur; ; intérieur
But he held out till camp was reached, when his driver made a place for him by the fire. Morning found him too weak to travel. At harness-up time he tried to crawl to his driver. By convulsive efforts he got on his feet, staggered, and fell. Then he wormed his way forward slowly toward where the harnesses were being put on his mates. He would advance his fore legs and drag up his body with a sort of hitching movement, when he would advance his fore legs and hitch ahead again for a few more inches.
crawl - ramper; ramper
convulsive - convulsif
efforts - efforts; effort
wormed - vermifugé; ver, vermine, scarabée, ver, vis sans fin, dragon
drag - draguer; transbahuter, traîner
hitching - l'attelage; noud d'accroche, dispositif d'attelage, accroc, hic
His strength left him, and the last his mates saw of him he lay gasping in the snow and yearning toward them. But they could hear him mournfully howling till they passed out of sight behind a belt of river timber.
yearning - désir; (yearn) désir
mournfully - en deuil
belt - ceinture, courroie, région
Here the train was halted. The Scotch half-breed slowly retraced his steps to the camp they had left. The men ceased talking. A revolver-shot rang out. The man came back hurriedly. The whips snapped, the bells tinkled merrily, the sleds churned along the trail; but Buck knew, and every dog knew, what had taken place behind the belt of river trees.
halted - arreté; (s'')arreter
revolver - revolver
hurriedly - en toute hâte; ; a la hâte, a la sauvette, a la va-vite
whips - des fouets; fouet, whip, fouetter, flageller, défaire, battre
tinkled - tintinnabulé; tinter, tintement
merrily - joyeusement; ; gaiement
Thirty days from the time it left Dawson, the Salt Water Mail, with Buck and his mates at the fore, arrived at Skaguay. They were in a wretched state, worn out and worn down. Buck's one hundred and forty pounds had dwindled to one hundred and fifteen. The rest of his mates, though lighter dogs, had relatively lost more weight than he.
wretched - misérable
state - l'État
dwindled - a diminué; diminuer, fondre, s'amenuiser, se tarir
relatively - relativement
Pike, the malingerer, who, in his lifetime of deceit, had often successfully feigned a hurt leg, was now limping in earnest. Sol-leks was limping, and Dub was suffering from a wrenched shoulder-blade.
lifetime - a vie; ; durée de vie (objects), vie (persons), éternité
deceit - la tromperie; ; tromperie, ruse, fraude
successfully - avec succes
feigned - feint; feindre
limping - boitant; (limp) boitant
earnest - sérieux; sérieux; (earn) sérieux; sérieux
wrenched - arraché; arracher
shoulder-blade - (shoulder-blade) l'omoplate
They were all terribly footsore. No spring or rebound was left in them. Their feet fell heavily on the trail, jarring their bodies and doubling the fatigue of a day's travel. There was nothing the matter with them except that they were dead tired. It was not the dead-tiredness that comes through brief and excessive effort, from which recovery is a matter of hours; but it was the dead-tiredness that comes through the slow and prolonged strength drainage of months of toil. There was no power of recuperation left, no reserve strength to call upon.
Terribly - terriblement
footsore - éclopé
rebound - rebondir; ricocher, ricochet, rebondissement
jarring - secouant; ; discordant, déroutant; (jar) secouant; ; discordant
doubling - doublement; doublant; (double); double, double, sosie, doublon
fatigue - la fatigue; ; fatigue, épuisement, corvée, fatiguer
Except - sauf; ; faire une exception
dead tired - fatigué
tiredness - la fatigue; ; fatigue
recovery - récupération, rétablissement, recouvrement, guérison
prolonged - prolongée; prolonger
drainage - drainage
reserve - réservation, réserve, réserves, remplaçant, réservation
It had been all used, the last least bit of it. Every muscle, every fibre, every cell, was tired, dead tired. And there was reason for it. In less than five months they had travelled twenty-five hundred miles, during the last eighteen hundred of which they had had but five days'rest. When they arrived at Skaguay they were apparently on their last legs. They could barely keep the traces taut, and on the down grades just managed to Keep out of the way of the sled.
fibre - fibre
cell - cellule; cellule, cachot
apparently - apparemment, évidemment, en apparence
barely - a peine; ; a peine
taut - tendu, contracté, concis, stressé, anxieux
grades - grades; mention, note, année, classe, niveau, grade, noter
Keep out - Garder dehors
"Mush on, poor sore feets," the driver encouraged them as they tottered down the main street of Skaguay. "Dis is de las'. Den we get one long res'. Eh? For sure. One bully long res'."
sore - douloureux; ulcere
feets - pieds
encouraged - encouragé; encourager, encourager
tottered - chancelante; tituber, chute, écroulement
dis - Dis
las - las; (La) las
The drivers confidently expected a long stopover. Themselves, they had covered twelve hundred miles with two days'rest, and in the nature of reason and common justice they deserved an interval of loafing. But so many were the men who had rushed into the Klondike, and so many were the sweethearts, wives, and kin that had not rushed in, that the congested mail was taking on Alpine proportions; also, there were official orders.
stopover - étape, escale
themselves - eux-memes; ; se, eux-memes, elles-memes
interval - intervalle
sweethearts - les amoureux; chéri, amante, chéri, chérie, amour, ange
kin - kin; famille
Alpine - alpin, montagnard
proportions - proportions; proportion
Fresh batches of Hudson Bay dogs were to take the places of those worthless for the trail. The worthless ones were to be got rid of, and, since dogs count for little against dollars, they were to be sold.
batches - lots; fournée, paquet
bay - baie; baie
worthless - sans valeur, ne vaut rien, misérable, nul
rid - rid; débarrasser
be sold - etre vendue
Three days passed, by which time Buck and his mates found how really tired and weak they were. Then, on the morning of the fourth day, two men from the States came along and bought them, harness and all, for a song. The men addressed each other as "Hal" and "Charles." Charles was a middle-aged, lightish-colored man, with weak and watery eyes and a mustache that twisted fiercely and vigorously up, giving the lie to the limply drooping lip it concealed.
States - les états; état, État, Etat, État, état, état, déclarer
Hal - Hal
Charles - charles; Charles
Middle - au milieu; ; milieu, moyen, central
lightish - léger
watery - aqueux
mustache - moustache
vigorously - vigoureusement
lip - levre; ; levre
concealed - dissimulée; dissimuler, cacher
Hal was a youngster of nineteen or twenty, with a big Colt's revolver and a hunting-knife strapped about him on a belt that fairly bristled with cartridges. This belt was the most salient thing about him. It advertised his callowness-a callowness sheer and unutterable. Both men were manifestly out of place, and why such as they should adventure the North is part of the mystery of things that passes understanding.
youngster - jeune; ; ado, enfant
Colt - colt; ; poulain, jeunot
hunting-knife - (hunting-knife) couteau de chasse
strapped - sanglé; sangle, courroie, laniere, bandouliere
fairly - équitable; ; justement, assez
cartridges - cartouches; cartouche, cartouche
salient - important; ; pertinent, saillant, saillie
advertised - annoncé; annoncer, afficher, publier
callowness - l'insipidité
unutterable - indicible
manifestly - manifestement
adventure - l'aventure; aventure
passes - passe; passer (devant), dépasser
Buck heard the chaffering, saw the money pass between the man and the Government agent, and knew that the Scotch half-breed and the mail-train drivers were passing out of his life on the heels of Perrault and Francois and the others who had gone before. When driven with his mates to the new owners'camp, Buck saw a slipshod and slovenly affair, tent half stretched, dishes unwashed, everything in disorder; also, he saw a woman. "Mercedes" the men called her.
agent - agent, espion, complément d'agent
owners - propriétaires; propriétaire
slipshod - bâclé
slovenly - négligé, dépeigné, sale, bâclé
affair - affaire; ; aventure, liaison
unwashed - non lavés
disorder - désordre, trouble
She was Charles's wife and Hal's sister-a nice family party.
Buck watched them apprehensively as they proceeded to take down the tent and load the sled. There was a great deal of effort about their manner, but no businesslike method. The tent was rolled into an awkward bundle three times as large as it should have been. The tin dishes were packed away unwashed. Mercedes continually fluttered in the way of her men and kept up an unbroken chattering of remonstrance and advice.
apprehensively - avec appréhension
take down - descendre
deal - accord; dispenser, distribuer
businesslike - professionnel
method - méthode; méthode, modalité
bundle - bundle; ; faisceau, fagot, paquet, ballot (of goods)
tin - l'étain; étain, conserve, boîte de conserve, moule, gamelle
packed away - emballé
fluttered - flotté; faséyer, voleter, voltiger, battement
kept up - maintenu
chattering - bavardage; (chatter) bavardage
When they put a clothes-sack on the front of the sled, she suggested it should go on the back; and when they had put it on the back, and covered it over with a couple of other bundles, she discovered overlooked articles which could abide nowhere else but in that very sack, and they unloaded again.
sack - sac; ficher, résilier
suggested - suggéré; proposer, suggérer, suggérer
couple - couple, paire, époux, quelques, deux ou trois.., couple, coupler
bundles - des liasses; faisceau, fagot, paquet, paquet, ballot (of goods)
overlooked - négligé; vue, panorama, surplomber, négliger, louper
abide - se maintenir; ; endurer, tolérer, supporter, souffrir, rester
unloaded - déchargé; décharger
Three men from a neighboring tent came out and looked on, grinning and winking at one another.
neighboring - voisins; voisin/-ine
grinning - sourire; avoir un grand sourire
winking - clin d'oil; (wink) clin d'oil
"You've got a right smart load as it is," said one of them; "and it's not me should tell you your business, but I wouldn't tote that tent along if I was you."
smart - intelligent; rusé, bath, fringant, roublard, maligne
tote - fourre-tout; trimballer
"Undreamed of!" cried Mercedes, throwing up her hands in dainty dismay. "However in the world could I manage without a tent?"
throwing - jetant; (throw) jetant
dismay - affliger, mortifier, avoir peur, désarroi, consternation
manage - gérer, ménager, diriger, manier, parvenir, réussir, accomplir
"It's springtime, and you won't get any more cold weather," the man replied.
springtime - le printemps; printemps
She shook her head decidedly, and Charles and Hal put the last odds and ends on top the mountainous load.
decidedly - résolument; ; décidément, clairement
mountainous - montagneux
"Think it'll ride?" one of the men asked.
"Why shouldn't it?" Charles demanded rather shortly.
shouldn - devrait
shortly - dans peu de temps; ; rapidement, brievement
"Oh, That's all right, that's all right," the man hastened meekly to say. "I was just a-wonderin', that is all. It seemed a mite top-heavy."
That's all right - C'est d'accord
hastened - s'est hâté; dépecher
meekly - docilement; ; humblement
wonderin - wonderin
mite - mite; ; acarien
Charles turned his back and drew the lashings down as well as he could, which was not in the least well.
"An'of course the dogs can hike along all day with that contraption behind them," affirmed a second of the men.
hike - randonnée, hausse, augmentation, partir en randonnée, randonner
contraption - engin; ; machin, bidule
"Certainly," said Hal, with freezing politeness, taking hold of the gee-pole with one hand and swinging his whip from the other. "Mush!" he shouted. "Mush on there!"
Certainly - certainement, surement, sans nul doute, sans aucun doute
freezing - la congélation; ; polaire, solidification, anesthésie
politeness - la politesse; ; politesse
taking hold - qui s'installe
The dogs sprang against the breast-bands, strained hard for a few moments, then relaxed. They were unable to move the sled.
unable - incapable; inapte, inhabile
"The lazy brutes, I'll show them," he cried, preparing to lash out at them with the whip.
But Mercedes interfered, crying, "Oh, Hal, you mustn't," as she caught hold of the whip and wrenched it from him. "The poor dears! Now you must promise you won't be harsh with them for the rest of the trip, or I won't go a step."
mustn - ne doit pas
promise - vou, promesse, promettre
harsh - sévere; ; sévere, rude, cruel, dur, checkdure
"Precious lot you know about dogs," her brother sneered; "and I wish you'd leave me alone. They're lazy, I tell you, and you've got to whip them to get anything out of them. That's their way. You ask any one. Ask one of those men."
precious - précieux
sneered - ricané; sourire d''un air méprisant
wish - souhait, souhaiter, espérer
Mercedes looked at them imploringly, untold repugnance at sight of pain written in her pretty face.
imploringly - de maniere implorante
untold - inédit
repugnance - répugnance
at sight - a vue
"They're weak as water, if you want to know," came the reply from one of the men. "Plum tuckered out, that's what's the matter. They need a rest."
plum - prune; prune
"Rest be blanked," said Hal, with his beardless lips; and Mercedes said, "Oh!" in pain and sorrow at the oath.
blanked - vide; blanc, vierge, balles a blanc-p, blanc, préforme
beardless - sans barbe; ; imberbe
sorrow - peine, chagrin
But she was a clannish creature, and rushed at once to the defence of her brother. "Never mind that man," she said pointedly. "You're driving our dogs, and you do what you think best with them."
clannish - clanique
creature - créature, etre
pointedly - avec insistance
Again Hal's whip fell upon the dogs. They threw themselves against the breast-bands, dug their feet into the packed snow, got down low to it, and put forth all their strength. The sled held as though it were an anchor. After two efforts, they stood still, panting. The whip was whistling savagely, when once more Mercedes interfered. She dropped on her knees before Buck, with tears in her eyes, and put her arms around his neck.
packed snow - de la neige tassée
anchor - l'ancre; ancre, ancrons, ancrent, portant, ancrez
Tears - des larmes; larme
"You poor, poor dears," she cried sympathetically, "why don't you pull hard?-then you wouldn't be whipped." Buck did not like her, but he was feeling too miserable to resist her, taking it as part of the day's miserable work.
sympathetically - avec bienveillance
whipped - fouetté; fouet, whip, fouetter, flageller, défaire, battre
resist - résister
One of the onlookers, who had been clenching his teeth to suppress hot speech, now spoke up:-
clenching - la crispation; serrer, prise (en main) ferme, poigne ferme
Suppress - contenir, checkréduire, checksupprimer, checkréprimer
"It's not that I care a whoop what becomes of you, but for the dogs'sakes I just want to tell you, you can help them a mighty lot by breaking out that sled. The runners are froze fast. Throw your weight against the gee-pole, right and left, and break it out."
whoop - qui; cri
sakes - sakes; dans l''intéret de qqn
mighty - puissant
breaking out - en train d'éclater
froze - gelé; geler
throw - lancer; jetent, jetez, jetons, mise bas
A third time the attempt was made, but this time, following the advice, Hal broke out the runners which had been frozen to the snow. The overloaded and unwieldy sled forged ahead, Buck and his mates struggling frantically under the rain of blows. A hundred yards ahead the path turned and sloped steeply into the main street. It would have required an experienced man to keep the top-heavy sled upright, and Hal was not such a man. As they swung on the turn the sled went over, spilling half its load through the loose lashings.
broke out - a éclaté
overloaded - surchargé; surcharger, surcharger, surcharge
unwieldy - encombrant, lourd, peu maniable
forged - forgé; forge
frantically - frénétiquement
sloped - en pente; pente, pente, inclinaison, pente, pente
steeply - de façon abrupte
upright - debout; ; integre, montant
spilling - déversement; (spill); déverser, répandre, renverser, déversement
loose - en vrac; ample, desserré
The dogs never stopped. The lightened sled bounded on its side behind them. They were angry because of the ill treatment they had received and the unjust load. Buck was raging. He broke into a run, the team following his lead. Hal cried "Whoa! whoa!" but they gave no heed. He tripped and was pulled off his feet. The capsized sled ground over him, and the dogs dashed on up the street, adding to the gayety of Skaguay as they scattered the remainder of the outfit along its chief thoroughfare.
unjust - injuste
lead - du plomb
Whoa - whoa; ; ho, hola, stop, ouah
gayety - gaieté
scattered - dispersé; disperser, se disperser, éparpiller, parsemer
chief - chef
thoroughfare - voie de circulation; ; passage, grand-rue, voie principale
Kind-hearted citizens caught the dogs and gathered up the scattered belongings. Also, they gave advice. Half the load and twice the dogs, if they ever expected to reach Dawson, was what was said. Hal and his sister and brother-in-law listened unwillingly, pitched tent, and overhauled the outfit. Canned goods were turned out that made men laugh, for canned goods on the Long Trail is a thing to dream about.
hearted - cour; coeur
citizens - citoyens; citoyen, citoyenne, citoyen, citoyenne, habitant
unwillingly - a l'insu de son plein gré
overhauled - révisé; révision, remise a neuf, rénover
dream - reve; ; reve, songe, voeu
"Blankets for a hotel" quoth one of the men who laughed and helped. "Half as many is too much; get rid of them. throw away that tent, and all those dishes,-who's going to wash them, anyway? Good Lord, do you think you're travelling on a Pullman?"
blankets - couvertures; couverture, général, recouvrir, couvrir
quoth - quoth
throw away - jeter
Lord - châtelain, seigneur, monsieur
travelling on - en train de voyager
And so it went, the inexorable elimination of the superfluous. Mercedes cried when her clothes-bags were dumped on the ground and article after article was thrown out. She cried in general, and she cried in particular over each discarded thing. She clasped hands about knees, rocking back and forth broken-heartedly. She averred she would not go an inch, not for a dozen Charleses.
elimination - l'élimination; ; élimination
superfluous - superflue; ; superflu
dumped - jeté; déposer (sans précautions)
particular - particulier
Rocking - le basculement; ; super, génial, rockant; (roc); COR
inch - pouce; pouce
Charleses - charleses; Charles
She appealed to everybody and to everything, finally wiping her eyes and proceeding to cast out even articles of apparel that were imperative necessaries. And in her zeal, when she had finished with her own, she attacked the belongings of her men and went through them like a tornado.
appealed - a fait l'objet d'un appel; en appeler (a), supplier
wiping - essuyant; (wipe) essuyant
proceeding - la poursuite de la procédure; ; acte; (proceed); avancer
cast - casting; ; jeter, diriger, lancer, additionner, sommer, muer
apparel - vetements; veture
necessaries - les produits de premiere nécessité; nécessaire, nécessaire
zeal - le zele; ; zele, assiduité
tornado - tornade
This accomplished, the outfit, though cut in half, was still a formidable bulk. Charles and Hal went out in the evening and bought six Outside dogs. These, added to the six of the original team, and Teek and Koona, the huskies obtained at the Rink Rapids on the record trip, brought the team up to fourteen. But the Outside dogs, though practically broken in since their landing, did not amount to much. Three were short-haired pointers, one was a Newfoundland, and the other two were mongrels of indeterminate breed. They did not seem to know anything, these newcomers.
formidable - formidable
bulk - en vrac; ; grosseur, gros, ensemble, vrac
original - originel, original, original
obtained - obtenu; obtenir, se procurer, réussir, avoir succes, avoir
team up - faire équipe
practically - pratiquement, quasiment
broken in - cassé
amount to - s'éleve a
haired - cheveux
pointers - pointeurs; aiguille, baguette, aiguille, braque, chien d'arret
mongrels - des bâtards; bâtard, corniaud, métis, métisse
indeterminate - indéterminée
Buck and his comrades looked upon them with disgust, and though he speedily taught them their places and what not to do, he could not teach them what to do. They did not take kindly to trace and trail. With the exception of the two mongrels, they were bewildered and spirit-broken by the strange savage environment in which they found themselves and by the ill treatment they had received. The two mongrels were without spirit at all; bones were the only things breakable about them.
disgust - dégout; ; dégouter, dégout
kindly - avec bienveillance
bewildered - déconcertés; abasourdir, confondre, déconcerter, dérouter
spirit - l'esprit; ; esprit, moral, élan, spiritueux
breakable - cassable; ; frangible
With the newcomers hopeless and forlorn, and the old team worn out by twenty-five hundred miles of continuous trail, the outlook was anything but bright. The two men, however, were quite cheerful. And they were proud, too. They were doing the thing in style, with fourteen dogs. They had seen other sleds depart over the pass for Dawson, or come in from Dawson, but never had they seen a sled with so many as fourteen dogs.
hopeless - sans espoir; ; désespéré
continuous - continue
outlook - perspectives; ; vue, point de vue
bright - lumineux; éclatant, lumineux, clair
cheerful - joyeux, content, de bonne humeur
proud - fiers; ; fier, orgueilleux
depart - partir, s’en aller, dévier, quitter
pass for - passe pour
In the nature of Arctic travel there was a reason why fourteen dogs should not drag one sled, and that was that one sled could not carry the food for fourteen dogs. But Charles and Hal did not know this. They had worked the trip out with a pencil, so much to a dog, so many dogs, so many days, Q.E.D. Mercedes looked over their shoulders and nodded comprehensively, it was all so very simple.
comprehensively - de maniere exhaustive
simple - simple, simple
Late next morning Buck led the long team up the street. There was nothing lively about it, no snap or go in him and his fellows. They were starting dead weary. Four times he had covered the distance between Salt Water and Dawson, and the knowledge that, jaded and tired, he was facing the same trail once more, made him bitter. His heart was not in the work, nor was the heart of any dog.
lively - fringant, spirituel
fellows - des camarades; homme, type
distance between - distance entre
jaded - blasé; (de) jade
The Outsides were timid and frightened, the Insides without confidence in their masters.
frightened - effrayé; effrayer, redouter, terrifier
insides - a l'intérieur; intérieur, intérieur, dedans, au-dedans
confidence - assurance, confiance en soi, confiance, confidence
masters - maîtres; maître/-tresse
Buck felt vaguely that there was no depending upon these two men and the woman. They did not know how to do anything, and as the days went by it became apparent that they could not learn. They were slack in all things, without order or discipline. It took them half the night to pitch a slovenly camp, and half the morning to break that camp and get the sled loaded in fashion so slovenly that for the rest of the day they were occupied in stopping and rearranging the load.
vaguely - vaguement
depending - selon; dépendre, pendre
Slack - slack; lâche
rearranging - réarrangement; réorganiser, réarranger
Some days they did not make ten miles. On other days they were unable to get started at all. And on no day did they succeed in making more than half the distance used by the men as a basis in their dog-food computation.
Succeed - succéder, réussir, avoir du succes
basis - base
computation - calcul, résultat
It was inevitable that they should go short on dog-food. But they hastened it by overfeeding, bringing the day nearer when underfeeding would commence. The Outside dogs, whose digestions had not been trained by chronic famine to make the most of little, had voracious appetites. And when, in addition to this, the worn-out huskies pulled weakly, Hal decided that the orthodox ration was too small. He doubled it.
overfeeding - la suralimentation; suralimenter
underfeeding - la sous-alimentation; sous-alimenter
commence - commencer
digestions - digestions; digestion
chronic - chronique
famine - la famine; ; famine
voracious - vorace
appetites - appétits; appétit
Addition - addition, ajout
weakly - souffreteuxse
orthodox - orthodoxe
And to cap it all, when Mercedes, with tears in her pretty eyes and a quaver in her throat, could not cajole him into giving the dogs still more, she stole from the fish-sacks and fed them slyly. But it was not food that Buck and the huskies needed, but rest. And though they were making poor time, the heavy load they dragged sapped their strength severely.
cap - cap; bonnet, calotte, casquette, toque, képi
quaver - quaver; ; croche
sacks - sacs; sac
sapped - sappé; seve
severely - séverement
Then came the underfeeding. Hal awoke one day to the fact that his dog-food was half gone and the distance only quarter covered; further, that for love or money no additional dog-food was to be obtained. So he cut down even the orthodox ration and tried to increase the day's travel. His sister and brother-in-law seconded him; but they were frustrated by their heavy outfit and their own incompetence.
awoke - s'est réveillé; (se) réveiller; (s'')éveiller
additional - supplémentaires; ; additionnel
cut down - réduit
increase - augmenter, croître, accroître, augmentation
frustrated - frustré; frustrer
incompetence - incompétence
It was a simple matter to give the dogs less food; but it was impossible to make the dogs travel faster, while their own inability to get under way earlier in the morning prevented them from travelling longer hours. Not only did they not know how to work dogs, but they did not know how to work themselves.
impossible - impossible, insupportable
inability - l'incapacité; ; incapacité
get under - s'enfoncer
prevented - empeché; empecher
The first to go was Dub. Poor blundering thief that he was, always getting caught and punished, he had none the less been a faithful worker. His wrenched shoulder-blade, untreated and unrested, went from bad to worse, till finally Hal shot him with the big Colt's revolver. It is a saying of the country that an Outside dog starves to death on the ration of the husky, so the six Outside dogs under Buck could do no less than die on half the ration of the husky.
blundering - maladresses; embrouillant; (blunder); gaffe
faithful - fidele; ; fidele, loyal
blade - lame
untreated - non traitée
unrested - sans arret; agitation
starves - meurt de faim; mourir de faim, mourir de faim, crever de faim
The Newfoundland went first, followed by the three short-haired pointers, the two mongrels hanging more grittily on to life, but going in the end.
grittily - grittily
By this time all the amenities and gentlenesses of the Southland had fallen away from the three people. Shorn of its glamour and romance, Arctic travel became to them a reality too harsh for their manhood and womanhood. Mercedes ceased weeping over the dogs, being too occupied with weeping over herself and with quarrelling with her husband and brother. To quarrel was the one thing they were never too weary to do. Their irritability arose out of their misery, increased with it, doubled upon it, outdistanced it.
amenities - les commodités; aménité, agrément, commodité, équipement
gentlenesses - la douceur; rench:
Shorn - tondus; (shear); couper, tondre, cisailler, cisailles, cisaille
glamour - glamour; ; charme
romance - le romantisme; ; romance, idylle, amour romantique
reality - la réalité; ; réalité, vérité
womanhood - la féminité; ; féminité
weeping - pleurant; (weep) pleurant
occupied with - occupés par
quarrel - querelle; bagarrer, noise, querelle, algarade, dispute
irritability - l'irritabilité; ; irritabilité
arose - s'est élevé; se lever, relever
misery - la misere; ; misere
The wonderful patience of the trail which comes to men who toil hard and suffer sore, and remain sweet of speech and kindly, did not come to these two men and the woman. They had no inkling of such a patience. They were stiff and in pain; their muscles ached, their bones ached, their very hearts ached; and because of this they became sharp of speech, and hard words were first on their lips in the morning and last at night.
suffer - souffrir, souffrir de, pâtir de, endurer, supporter, subir
sweet - doux; ; doucement, friandise, bonbon, sucreries
inkling - l'étincelle; idée, soupçon
ached - a souffert; douleur
Charles and Hal wrangled whenever Mercedes gave them a chance. It was the cherished belief of each that he did more than his share of the work, and neither forbore to speak this belief at every opportunity. Sometimes Mercedes sided with her husband, sometimes with her brother. The result was a beautiful and unending family quarrel. starting from a dispute as to which should chop a few sticks for the fire (a dispute which concerned only Charles and Hal), presently would be lugged in the rest of the family, fathers, mothers, uncles, cousins, people thousands of miles away, and some of them dead. That Hal's views on art, or the sort of society plays his mother's brother wrote, should have anything to do with the chopping of a few sticks of firewood, passes comprehension; nevertheless the quarrel was as likely to tend in that direction as in the direction of Charles's political prejudices.
wrangled - en lutte; disputer, quereller
cherished - chérie; chérir, tenir
belief - croyance, conviction, foi
sided - côté; côté
starting from - a partir de
dispute - dispute, litige, discuter, argumenter, évaluer, contester
concerned - préoccupé; inquiétude, souci, soin, souci, préoccupation
lugged - trimballé; traîner
views - vues; vue, vue, vue, vue, q
Society - la société; ; société
chopping - hacher; (chop) hacher
comprehension - compréhension, entendement
tend - tendent; garder
direction - direction, direction
political - politique
prejudices - préjugés; préjugé, préjugé, idée préconçue, préjudice
And that Charles's sister's tale-bearing tongue should be relevant to the building of a Yukon fire, was apparent only to Mercedes, who disburdened herself of copious opinions upon that topic, and incidentally upon a few other traits unpleasantly peculiar to her husband's family. In the meantime the fire remained unbuilt, the camp half pitched, and the dogs unfed.
Tale - conte; conte, récit
incidentally - d'ailleurs
traits - traits; trait
unpleasantly - désagréable
unfed - non alimenté
Mercedes nursed a special grievance-the grievance of sex. She was pretty and soft, and had been chivalrously treated all her days. But the present treatment by her husband and brother was everything save chivalrous. It was her custom to be helpless. They complained. Upon which impeachment of what to her was her most essential sex-prerogative, she made their lives unendurable. She no longer considered the dogs, and because she was sore and tired, she persisted in riding on the sled.
grievance - grief
sex - le sexe; sexe
chivalrously - chevaleresquement
complained - s'est plaint; se plaindre, porter plainte
impeachment - la mise en accusation; ; destitution, impeachment
most essential - le plus essentiel
prerogative - prérogative
unendurable - insoutenable
considered - envisagée; considérer, examiner, réfléchir, songer, songer
persisted - persisté; persister
She was pretty and soft, but she weighed one hundred and twenty pounds-a lusty last straw to the load dragged by the weak and starving animals. She rode for days, till they fell in the traces and the sled stood still. Charles and Hal begged her to get off and walk, pleaded with her, entreated, the while she wept and importuned Heaven with a recital of their brutality.
lusty - lascive
straw - paille, fétu, jaune paille
begged - supplié; mendier
entreated - demandé; supplier
Heaven - le paradis; ; ciel, paradis, au-dela, cieux
recital - récital, considérant
brutality - brutalité
On one occasion they took her off the sled by main strength. They never did it again. She let her legs go limp like a spoiled child, and sat down on the trail. They went on their way, but she did not move. After they had travelled three miles they unloaded the sled, came back for her, and by main strength put her on the sled again.
Occasion - occasion
spoiled - gâté; gâter, gâcher, gâter, gâter, tourner, dévoiler, révéler
In the excess of their own misery they were callous to the suffering of their animals. Hal's theory, which he practised on others, was that one must get hardened. He had started out preaching it to his sister and brother-in-law. Failing there, he hammered it into the dogs with a club. At the Five Fingers the dog-food gave out, and a toothless old squaw offered to trade them a few pounds of frozen horse-hide for the Colt's revolver that kept the big hunting-knife company at Hal's hip.
excess - l'exces; ; exces, exces, franchise, en exces, en trop, excessif
theory - théorie
preaching - la prédication; prechant; (preach); precher, proclamer
hammered - martelée; marteau, chien, malléus, t+marteau, marteler, marteler
gave out - a donné
toothless - sans dents; ; édenté
squaw - squaw
offered - proposé; offrir, proposer
trade - le commerce
Hip - hip; hanche, sciatique
A poor substitute for food was this hide, just as it had been stripped from the starved horses of the cattlemen six months back. In its frozen state it was more like strips of galvanized iron, and when a dog wrestled it into his stomach it thawed into thin and innutritious leathery strings and into a mass of short hair, irritating and indigestible.
substitute - mettre, remplaçant, substitut
stripped - dépouillé; enlever
starved - affamés; mourir de faim, mourir de faim, crever de faim
cattlemen - les éleveurs; bouvier
state - l'état; ; état, Etat, déclarer, indiquer
strips - bandes; enlever
galvanized - galvanisé; galvaniser, galvaniser, galvaniser
iron - le fer; ; fer, repasser
innutritious - inintéressant
strings - cordes; corde, corde, suite, série, chaîne de caracteres, corde
irritating - irritant; agacer (displeasure)
And through it all Buck staggered along at the head of the team as in a nightmare. He pulled when he could; when he could no longer pull, he fell down and remained down till blows from whip or club drove him to his feet again. All the stiffness and gloss had gone out of his beautiful furry coat. The hair hung down, limp and draggled, or matted with dried blood where Hal's club had bruised him.
gloss - gloss; brillant
gone out - sorti
bruised - contusionné; contusionner, meurtrir, taler, cotir, se taler
His muscles had wasted away to knotty strings, and the flesh pads had disappeared, so that each rib and every bone in his frame were outlined cleanly through the loose hide that was wrinkled in folds of emptiness. It was heartbreaking, only Buck's heart was unbreakable. The man in the red sweater had proved that.
wasted - gaspillé; gaspiller
pads - tampons; coussinet
rib - côte; côte
outlined - esquissé; contour, silhouette, esquisse, aperçu, résumé
cleanly - proprement
wrinkled - ridé; ride
folds - plis; plier
emptiness - le vide; ; vide, néant, vacuité
unbreakable - incassable
proved - prouvé; prouver
As it was with Buck, so was it with his mates. They were perambulating skeletons. There were seven all together, including him. In their very great misery they had become insensible to the bite of the lash or the bruise of the club. The pain of the beating was dull and distant, just as the things their eyes saw and their ears heard seemed dull and distant. They were not half living, or quarter living.
insensible - insensible
bruise - ecchymoses; ; contusionner, meurtrir, taler, cotir, se taler
beating - battre; ; battage, battement; (beat) battre; ; battage
dull - émoussé, ennuyeux, barbant, mat, terne, sot, obtus
They were simply so many bags of bones in which sparks of life fluttered faintly. When a halt was made, they dropped down in the traces like dead dogs, and the spark dimmed and paled and seemed to go out. And when the club or whip fell upon them, the spark fluttered feebly up, and they tottered to their feet and staggered on.
sparks - des étincelles; étincelle
faintly - faiblement
dimmed - diminué; faible, vague
paled - pâli; copain/-ine
feebly - faiblement
There came a day when Billee, the good-natured, fell and could not rise. Hal had traded off his revolver, so he took the axe and knocked Billee on the head as he lay in the traces, then cut the carcass out of the harness and dragged it to one side.
traded - échangé; commerce, commerce, magasin, négoce, corps de métier
lay in - s'allonger
carcass - carcasse, cadavre
Buck saw, and his mates saw, and they knew that this thing was very close to them. On the next day Koona went, and but five of them remained: Joe, too far gone to be malignant; Pike, crippled and limping, only half conscious and not conscious enough longer to malinger; Sol-leks, the one-eyed, still faithful to the toil of trace and trail, and mournful in that he had so little strength with which to pull; Teek, who had not travelled so far that winter and who was now beaten more than the others because he was fresher; and Buck, still at the head of the team, but no longer enforcing discipline or striving to enforce it, blind with weakness half the time and keeping the trail by the loom of it and by the dim feel of his feet.
conscious - conscient
malinger - malinger; ; feindre la maladie, faire le malade
fresher - plus frais; étudiant de premiere année; (fresh) plus frais; étudiant de premiere année
enforce - faire respecter; ; renforcer, intensifier, imposer, obliger
loom - métier a tisser; métier a tisser
It was beautiful spring weather, but neither dogs nor humans were aware of it. Each day the sun rose earlier and set later. It was dawn by three in the morning, and twilight lingered till nine at night. The whole long day was a blaze of sunshine. The ghostly winter silence had given way to the great spring murmur of awakening life. This murmur arose from all the land, fraught with the joy of living. It came from the things that lived and moved again, things which had been as dead and which had not moved during the long months of frost.
blaze - flamme; feu, embrasement
sunshine - soleil, lumiere du soleil
given way - donné
murmur - murmure, rumeur, souffle, murmurer
awakening - l'éveil; ; réveil; (awaken); réveiller, se réveiller
arose from - est née
fraught - rempli
The sap was rising in the pines. The willows and aspens were bursting out in young buds. Shrubs and vines were putting on fresh garbs of green. Crickets sang in the nights, and in the days all manner of creeping, crawling things rustled forth into the sun. Partridges and woodpeckers were booming and knocking in the forest. Squirrels were chattering, birds singing, and overhead honked the wild-fowl driving up from the south in cunning wedges that split the air.
Sap - seve; jus, seve, suc
pines - des pins; pin
willows - des saules; saule
bursting - l'éclatement; éclater, faire éclater, rompre, briser
buds - bourgeons; bourgeon
shrubs - des arbustes; arbuste
vines - vignes; grimpante
putting on - a mettre
Crickets - des grillons; cricket
rustled - froissé; bruissement, froufrou, froufrouter
Partridges - perdrix; perdrix, qualifierale
woodpeckers - les pics; pic; gloss
knocking - frapper; frappant; (knock); coup, frapper
squirrels - écureuils; écureuil
honked - klaxonné; cri (de l''oie), coup de klaxon
fowl - volaille; poule, volaille
wedges - des chaussures a semelles compensées; coin, cale
split - divisé, fissure, division, fragment, morceau, grand écart
From every hill slope came the trickle of running water, the music of unseen fountains. All things were thawing, bending, snapping. The Yukon was straining to break loose the ice that bound it down. It ate away from beneath; the sun ate from above.
Hill - hill; ; colline, côte
trickle - goutte a goutte; ; filet, dégoulinade, verser goutte a goutte
fountains - fontaines; fontaine, fontaine, fontaine
bending - de flexion; ; flexion; (bend); courber, tordre, tourner
Air-holes formed, fissures sprang and spread apart, while thin sections of ice fell through bodily into the river. And amid all this bursting, rending, throbbing of awakening life, under the blazing sun and through the soft-sighing breezes, like wayfarers to death, staggered the two men, the woman, and the huskies.
holes - trous; trou
fissures - fissures; fissure
apart - a part; ; séparé, séparément, a part, en morceaux, en pieces
bodily - corporel
amid - amid; au milieu de, parmi, entre
rending - l'équarrissage; rompre, déchirer
throbbing - des palpitations; (throb); battre, palpiter, vibrer, résonner
sighing - soupirer; soupirer
breezes - brises; brise
wayfarers - des wayfarers; voyageur
With the dogs falling, Mercedes weeping and riding, Hal swearing innocuously, and Charles's eyes wistfully watering, they staggered into John Thornton's camp at the mouth of White River. When they halted, the dogs dropped down as though they had all been struck dead. Mercedes dried her eyes and looked at John Thornton. Charles sat down on a log to rest. He sat down very slowly and painstakingly what of his great stiffness.
swearing - jurant; (swear) jurant
innocuously - innocemment
wistfully - avec nostalgie
painstakingly - minutieusement
Hal did the talking. John Thornton was whittling the last touches on an axe-handle he had made from a stick of birch. He whittled and listened, gave monosyllabic replies, and, when it was asked, terse advice. He knew the breed, and he gave his advice in the certainty that it would not be followed.
whittling - le blanchiment; (whittle) le blanchiment
touches - touches; toucher, toucher, émouvoir, toucher, toucher, contact
handle - poignée; crosse, manions, poignée, traiter, manient, maniez
birch - le bouleau; ; bouleau, badine, baguette, verge, verger
whittled - blanchi; tailler au couteau
monosyllabic - monosyllabique
replies - des réponses; répondre, réponse, réponse
Terse - laconique, lapidaire
certainty - certitude
"They told us up above that the bottom was dropping out of the trail and that the best thing for us to do was to lay over," Hal said in response to Thornton's warning to take no more chances on the rotten ice. "They told us we couldn't make White River, and here we are." This last with a sneering ring of triumph in it.
dropping out - qui abandonne
response - réponse
chances - chances; hasard
rotten - pourri, mauvais
sneering - ricaner; ricaneur, gouailleur; (sneer); ricaner
triumph - triomphe; triomphe, triomphal
"And they told you true," John Thornton answered. "The bottom's likely to drop out at any moment. Only fools, with the blind luck of fools, could have made it. I tell you straight, I wouldn't risk my carcass on that ice for all the gold in Alaska."
drop out - abandonner
fools - des imbéciles; dinde, fou, bouffon, mat, fou, duper, tromper
luck - la chance; ; chance, veine
Alaska - alaska; Alaska
"That's because you're not a fool, I suppose," said Hal. "All the same, we'll go on to Dawson." He uncoiled his whip. "Get up there, Buck! Hi! Get up there! Mush on!"
suppose - supposer, imaginer
uncoiled - déroulé; (se) dérouler
Thornton went on whittling. It was idle, he knew, to get between a fool and his folly; while two or three fools more or less would not alter the scheme of things.
idle - au ralenti; fainéant
folly - folie, sottise, folie
alter - modifier; altérent, altérez, altérer, altérons
scheme - le projet; ; plan, combine, machination, schéma, systeme
But the team did not get up at the command. It had long since passed into the stage where blows were required to rouse it. The whip flashed out, here and there, on its merciless errands. John Thornton compressed his lips. Sol-leks was the first to crawl to his feet. Teek followed. Joe came next, yelping with pain. Pike made painful efforts. Twice he fell over, when half up, and on the third attempt managed to rise.
stage - scene; ; étape, phase, scene, caleche, platine, mettre en scene
rouse - rouse; ameutez, ameutent, évocation, irriter, ameutons
merciless - sans pitié
errands - des courses; course, commission
compressed - comprimée; comprimer, condenser
painful - douloureux, laborieux
Buck made no effort. He lay quietly where he had fallen. The lash bit into him again and again, but he neither whined nor struggled. Several times Thornton started, as though to speak, but changed his mind. A moisture came into his eyes, and, as the whipping continued, he arose and walked irresolutely up and down.
moisture - l'humidité; ; humidité
irresolutely - irrésolument
This was the first time Buck had failed, in itself a sufficient reason to drive Hal into a rage. He exchanged the whip for the customary club. Buck refused to move under the rain of heavier blows which now fell upon him. Like his mates, he was barely able to get up, but, unlike them, he had made up his mind not to get up. He had a vague feeling of impending doom. This had been strong upon him when he pulled in to the bank, and it had not departed from him. What of the thin and rotten ice he had felt under his feet all day, it seemed that he sensed disaster close at hand, out there ahead on the ice where his master was trying to drive him.
customary - coutumier, habituel, d'usage
unlike - contrairement a; différent
doom - doom; ; mort, ruine, perte, condamner
pulled in - tirée
sensed - détectée; sens, sens, sens, sens, sens, acception, sentir
disaster - désastre, catastrophe
He refused to stir. So greatly had he suffered, and so far gone was he, that the blows did not hurt much. And as they continued to fall upon him, the spark of life within flickered and went down. It was nearly out. He felt strangely numb. As though from a great distance, he was aware that he was being beaten. The last sensations of pain left him. He no longer felt anything, though very faintly he could hear the impact of the club upon his body. But it was no longer his body, it seemed so far away.
stir - remuer; affecter
spark - l'étincelle; flammeche, étincelle
flickered - a clignoté; vaciller
nearly - presque
sensations - sensations; sensation, sensation
And then, suddenly, without warning, uttering a cry that was inarticulate and more like the cry of an animal, John Thornton sprang upon the man who wielded the club. Hal was hurled backward, as though struck by a falling tree. Mercedes screamed. Charles looked on wistfully, wiped his watery eyes, but did not get up because of his stiffness.
uttering - prononcer; (utter) prononcer
wielded - manié; manier, brandir, exercer
screamed - crié; cri, crier
wiped - essuyé; essuyer
John Thornton stood over Buck, struggling to control himself, too convulsed with rage to speak.
convulsed - convulsé; convulser
"If you strike that dog again, I'll kill you," he at last managed to say in a choking voice.
choking - l'étouffement; suffoquer, étouffer
"It's my dog," Hal replied, wiping the blood from his mouth as he came back. "Get out of my way, or I'll fix you. I'm going to Dawson."
Fix - réparer, fixer, préparer, truquer, tricher, réparation, dose
Thornton stood between him and Buck, and evinced no intention of getting out of the way. Hal drew his long hunting-knife. Mercedes screamed, cried, laughed, and manifested the chaotic abandonment of hysteria. Thornton rapped Hal's knuckles with the axe-handle, knocking the knife to the ground. He rapped his knuckles again as he tried to pick it up. Then he stooped, picked it up himself, and with two strokes cut Buck's traces.
evinced - évincé; montrer, prouver
manifested - manifesté; manifeste, manifeste, bordereau, profession de foi
chaotic - chaotique
abandonment - l'abandon; ; désertion, abandon
hysteria - l'hystérie; ; hystérie
rapped - rappé; coup sec
knuckles - poings américains; articulation du doigt, articulation
stooped - vouté; se baisser
strokes - coups; coup
Hal had no fight left in him. Besides, his hands were full with his sister, or his arms, rather; while Buck was too near dead to be of further use in hauling the sled. A few minutes later they pulled out from the bank and down the river. Buck heard them go and raised his head to see, Pike was leading, Sol-leks was at the wheel, and between were Joe and Teek.
besides - d'ailleurs; aupres
They were limping and staggering. Mercedes was riding the loaded sled. Hal guided at the gee-pole, and Charles stumbled along in the rear.
guided - guidé; guider
stumbled - en état de choc; chute, faux pas, bourde, trébucher
As Buck watched them, Thornton knelt beside him and with rough, kindly hands searched for broken bones. By the time his search had disclosed nothing more than many bruises and a state of terrible starvation, the sled was a quarter of a mile away. Dog and man watched it crawling along over the ice. Suddenly, they saw its back end drop down, as into a rut, and the gee-pole, with Hal clinging to it, jerk into the air.
knelt - a genoux; agenouiller
beside - a côté; ; aupres
searched - recherchée; recherche, chercher, fouiller, chercher
disclosed - divulguée; découvrir, laisser voir, révéler, divulguer
bruises - des bleus; contusionner, meurtrir, taler, cotir, se taler
rut - l'orniere; orniere
clinging to - s'accrocher
Mercedes's scream came to their ears. They saw Charles turn and make one step to run back, and then a whole section of ice give way and dogs and humans disappear. A yawning hole was all that was to be seen. The bottom had dropped out of the trail.
give way - céder le passage
disappear - disparaître
yawning - bâillements; (yawn); bâiller, béer, bâillement
dropped out - a abandonné
John Thornton and Buck looked at each other.
"You poor devil," said John Thornton, and Buck licked his hand.
When John Thornton froze his feet in the previous December his partners had made him comfortable and left him to get well, going on themselves up the river to get out a raft of saw-logs for Dawson. He was still limping slightly at the time he rescued Buck, but with the continued warm weather even the slight limp left him.
previous - précédente; ; préalable
comfortable - confortable
raft - radeau; radeau, train de bois
slightly - légerement; ; finement, délicatement, légerement
rescued - sauvée; délivrer, secourir, sauver, délivrer, fr
And here, lying by the river bank through the long spring days, watching the running water, listening lazily to the songs of birds and the hum of nature, Buck slowly won back his strength.
lying - gisant, sis, mentant; (lie) gisant, sis, mentant
lazily - paresseusement
Hum - hum; ; fredonner, bourdonner, fourmiller
A rest comes very good after one has travelled three thousand miles, and it must be confessed that Buck waxed lazy as his wounds healed, his muscles swelled out, and the flesh came back to cover his bones. For that matter, they were all loafing,-Buck, John Thornton, and Skeet and Nig,-waiting for the raft to come that was to carry them down to Dawson. Skeet was a little Irish setter who early made friends with Buck, who, in a dying condition, was unable to resent her first advances.
confessed - avoué; avouer, confesser, confesser
healed - guéri; guérir, (se) cicatriser
swelled - gonflé; enfler, gonfler
Skeet - skeet
Irish - irlandais; irlandais, gaélique irlandais, Irlandais, Irlandaise
setter - setter; setter
made friends - s'est fait des amis
resent - résentent; ressentons, ressentent, ressentez; (resend); renvoyer
She had the doctor trait which some dogs possess; and as a mother cat washes her kittens, so she washed and cleansed Buck's wounds. Regularly, each morning after he had finished his breakfast, she performed her self-appointed task, till he came to look for her ministrations as much as he did for Thornton's. Nig, equally friendly, though less demonstrative, was a huge black dog, half bloodhound and half deerhound, with eyes that laughed and a boundless good nature.
possess - posséder, s'emparer de
mother cat - maman chat
kittens - des chatons; chaton, blaireautin
cleansed - nettoyée; purifier
performed - réalisée; exécuter, performer, jouer (''actor'')
self - soi; ; soi-meme
appointed - nommés; fixer, gloss
demonstrative - démonstratif
bloodhound - limier, chien de Saint-Hubert, détective
deerhound - chien de cerf
boundless - sans limites; ; illimité
To Buck's surprise these dogs manifested no jealousy toward him. They seemed to share the kindliness and largeness of John Thornton. As Buck grew stronger they enticed him into all sorts of ridiculous games, in which Thornton himself could not forbear to join; and in this fashion Buck romped through his convalescence and into a new existence. Love, genuine passionate love, was his for the first time. This he had never experienced at Judge Miller's down in the sun-kissed Santa Clara Valley.
jealousy - jalousie, envie
kindliness - la gentillesse
largeness - l'ampleur
enticed - séduit; appâter, attirer
sorts - sortes; sorte
ridiculous - ridicule
forbear - s'abstenir
romped - rompue; s'ébattre
genuine - authentique
passionate - passionné
With the Judge's sons, hunting and tramping, it had been a working partnership; with the Judge's grandsons, a sort of pompous guardianship; and with the Judge himself, a stately and dignified friendship. But love that was feverish and burning, that was adoration, that was madness, it had taken John Thornton to arouse.
tramping - le tramping; (tramp); clochard, va-nuieds, traînée, garce
partnership - partenariat, compagnie, société
pompous - pompeux, emphatique
guardianship - la tutelle; ; tutelle
stately - majestueux; ; imposant
dignified - digne; honorer
friendship - l'amitié; ; amitié
feverish - fébrile; ; fiévreux
burning - bruler; ; brulant, ardent, brulage; (burn) bruler; ; brulant
adoration - l'adoration; ; adoration
arouse - éveiller; ; émoustiller, exciter
This man had saved his life, which was something; but, further, he was the ideal master. Other men saw to the welfare of their dogs from a sense of duty and business expediency; he saw to the welfare of his as if they were his own children, because he could not help it. And he saw further. He never forgot a kindly greeting or a cheering word, and to sit down for a long talk with them ("gas" he called it) was as much his delight as theirs. He had a way of taking Buck's head roughly between his hands, and resting his own head upon Buck's, of shaking him back and forth, the while calling him ill names that to Buck were love names.
Ideal - idéal, parfait, idéal
welfare - l'aide sociale; ; bien-etre, aide sociale
Duty - le devoir; ; devoir, obligation, service, travail, taxe
expediency - l'opportunisme; ; efficacité, opportunisme, convenance
greeting - l'accueil; ; salutation, salut; (greet) l'accueil; ; salutation
cheering - des applaudissements; acclamation(s)
roughly - en gros; ; rudement, approximativement
resting - au repos; (rest) au repos
shaking - tremblant; (shake); secouer, agiter, se serrer la main, secousse
Buck knew no greater joy than that rough embrace and the sound of murmured oaths, and at each jerk back and forth it seemed that his heart would be shaken out of his body so great was its ecstasy. And when, released, he sprang to his feet, his mouth laughing, his eyes eloquent, his throat vibrant with unuttered sound, and in that fashion remained without movement, John Thornton would reverently exclaim, "God! you can all but speak!"
Embrace - étreindre, embrasser, accolade, embrassement, embrassade
murmured - murmuré; murmure, rumeur, souffle, rumeur, murmure, murmurer
shaken out - secoué
released - libéré; libérer
eloquent - éloquent
unuttered - sans commentaires
reverently - avec révérence
exclaim - s'exclamer; ; exclamer
God - dieu; idolâtrer, déifier
Buck had a trick of love expression that was akin to hurt. He would often seize Thornton's hand in his mouth and close so fiercely that the flesh bore the impress of his teeth for some time afterward. And as Buck understood the oaths to be love words, so the man understood this feigned bite for a caress.
akin - apparenté, analogue
seize - saisir, emparer
impress - impressionner
caress - caresse; ; caresser
For the most part, however, Buck's love was expressed in adoration. While he went wild with happiness when Thornton touched him or spoke to him, he did not seek these tokens. Unlike Skeet, who was wont to shove her nose under Thornton's hand and nudge and nudge till petted, or Nig, who would stalk up and rest his great head on Thornton's knee, Buck was content to adore at a distance. He would lie by the hour, eager, alert, at Thornton's feet, looking up into his face, dwelling upon it, studying it, following with keenest interest each fleeting expression, every movement or change of feature.
expressed - exprimée; exprimer
Happiness - le bonheur; ; bonheur
touched - touché; toucher, toucher, émouvoir, toucher, toucher, contact
seek - chercher
tokens - des jetons; symbole, jeton, symbolique
wont - de la volonté
shove - pousser; enfoncer, pousser
nudge - coup de pouce; ; petit coup de coude, petite tape amicale
petted - caressé; animal familier, apprivoisé
stalk - traquer
adore - adorer
dwelling - logement; demeure; (dwell); résider, s'appesantir sur
keenest - le plus enthousiaste; passionné
fleeting - éphémere; flotte
feature - caractéristiques; ; caractéristique, particularité, spécialité
Or, as chance might have it, he would lie farther away, to the side or rear, watching the outlines of the man and the occasional movements of his body. And often, such was the communion in which they lived, the strength of Buck's gaze would draw John Thornton's head around, and he would return the gaze, without speech, his heart shining out of his eyes as Buck's heart shone out.
outlines - les grandes lignes; contour, silhouette, esquisse, aperçu
occasional - occasionnel
movements - mouvements; mouvement, mouvement, mouvement
communion - la communion; ; communion
gaze - regard; ; fixer
shining - brillant; briller, éclairer
shone - briller; briller, éclairer
For a long time after his rescue, Buck did not like Thornton to get out of his sight. From the moment he left the tent to when he entered it again, Buck would follow at his heels. His transient masters since he had come into the Northland had bred in him a fear that no master could be permanent. He was afraid that Thornton would pass out of his life as Perrault and Francois and the Scotch half-breed had passed out.
rescue - secours; ; délivrer, secourir, sauver, checksauver, sauvetage
transient - passager, provisoire, transitoire, temporaire, bref
bred - élevé; (breed); se reproduire, engendrer, élever, race
permanent - permanent, permanente
Even in the night, in his dreams, he was haunted by this fear. At such times he would shake off sleep and creep through the chill to the flap of the tent, where he would stand and listen to the sound of his master's breathing.
haunted - hanté; hanter, hanter, demeurer, point de rencontre
shake off - se secouer
creep - rampant; ; ramper, rampement, fatigue, fluage, reptation
flap - volet; valvaire
breathing - respirer; ; respiration; (breath); respiration, souffle, haleine
But in spite of this great love he bore John Thornton, which seemed to bespeak the soft civilizing influence, the strain of the primitive, which the Northland had aroused in him, remained alive and active. Faithfulness and devotion, things born of fire and roof, were his; yet he retained his wildness and wiliness. He was a thing of the wild, come in from the wild to sit by John Thornton's fire, rather than a dog of the soft Southland stamped with the marks of generations of civilization.
spite - dépit; rancune
civilizing - civiliser; civiliser
influence - influence, influencer, influer
faithfulness - fidélité
devotion - la dévotion; ; dévouement, dévotion
retained - retenue; retenir, conserver, maintenir
wildness - la sauvagerie; ; sauvagerie
wiliness - la volonté
Because of his very great love, he could not steal from this man, but from any other man, in any other camp, he did not hesitate an instant; while the cunning with which he stole enabled him to escape detection.
hesitate - hésiter
detection - détection
His face and body were scored by the teeth of many dogs, and he fought as fiercely as ever and more shrewdly. Skeet and Nig were too good-natured for quarrelling,-besides, they belonged to John Thornton; but the strange dog, no matter what the breed or valor, swiftly acknowledged Buck's supremacy or found himself struggling for life with a terrible antagonist. And Buck was merciless. He had learned well the law of club and fang, and he never forewent an advantage or drew back from a foe he had started on the way to Death.
belonged - a appartenu; appartenir a
valor - valeur; bravoure
He had lessoned from Spitz, and from the chief fighting dogs of the police and mail, and knew there was no middle course. He must master or be mastered; while to show mercy was a weakness. Mercy did not exist in the primordial life. It was misunderstood for fear, and such misunderstandings made for death. Kill or be killed, eat or be eaten, was the law; and this mandate, down out of the depths of Time, he obeyed.
exist - existent; ; exister
misunderstood - incompris; mal interpréter, méprendre, mécomprendre
misunderstandings - des malentendus; malentendu, quiproquo
mandate - commettant, mandat
depths - profondeurs; profondeur, épaisseur
He was older than the days he had seen and the breaths he had drawn. He linked the past with the present, and the eternity behind him throbbed through him in a mighty rhythm to which he swayed as the tides and seasons swayed.
linked - liés; maillon, chaînon
eternity - l'éternité; ; éternité
rhythm - rythme
swayed - balancés; autorité, poids, influence, prépondérance, balancer
tides - marées; marée
seasons - saisons; saison
He sat by John Thornton's fire, a broad-breasted dog, white-fanged and long-furred; but behind him were the shades of all manner of dogs, half-wolves and wild wolves, urgent and prompting, tasting the savor of the meat he ate, thirsting for the water he drank, scenting the wind with him, listening with him and telling him the sounds made by the wild life in the forest, dictating his moods, directing his actions, lying down to sleep with him when he lay down, and dreaming with him and beyond him and becoming themselves the stuff of his dreams.
broad - large; large
breasted - seins; sein, poitrine, poitrine, poitrine, cour, poitrine
fanged - a crochets; croc
furred - a fourrure; poil, pelage
shades - nuances; alose
urgent - urgent
prompting - l'incitation; (prompt); ponctuel, indicateur
tasting - la dégustation; goutant; (taste); gout, saveur, avant-gout
savor - savourer; priser
thirsting - la soif; soif, soif, avoir soif, désirer
scenting - l'olfaction; (scent); odeur, odorat, sentir
dictating - dicter; dicter
directing - la mise en scene; direct, mettre en scene, ordonner
So peremptorily did these shades beckon him, that each day mankind and the claims of mankind slipped farther from him. Deep in the forest a call was sounding, and as often as he heard this call, mysteriously thrilling and luring, he felt compelled to turn his back upon the fire and the beaten earth around it, and to plunge into the forest, and on and on, he knew not where or why; nor did he wonder where or why, the call sounding imperiously, deep in the forest.
peremptorily - de façon péremptoire
shades - nuances; ombre, store, nuance, ton, nuance, esprit, ombre
beckon - faire signe
mankind - l'humanité; ; humanité, genre humain, hommes
claims - demandes; réclamation, titre, affirmation, réclamation
slipped - a glissé; glisser
thrilling - passionnante; exciter
luring - le leurre; lur
wonder - merveille, se demander, conjecturer
But as often as he gained the soft unbroken earth and the green shade, the love for John Thornton drew him back to the fire again.
shade - ombre, store, nuance, ton, esprit, ombrager, faire de l'ombre
Thornton alone held him. The rest of mankind was as nothing. Chance travellers might praise or pet him; but he was cold under it all, and from a too demonstrative man he would get up and walk away. When Thornton's partners, Hans and Pete, arrived on the long-expected raft, Buck refused to notice them till he learned they were close to Thornton; after that he tolerated them in a passive sort of way, accepting favors from them as though he favored them by accepting.
travellers - voyageurs; voyageur, voyageuse
Praise - des louanges; ; louange, louer, féliciter, prôner, vénérer
pet - animal de compagnie; dorloter, choyer
notice - remarquer, notification, préavis, s'apercevoir
tolerated - toléré; tolérer, supporter, souffrir
passive - passive, passif
accepting - acceptant; accepter, accepter (de), prendre sur soi
Favors - des faveurs; faveur, favoriser
They were of the same large type as Thornton, living close to the earth, thinking simply and seeing clearly; and ere they swung the raft into the big eddy by the saw-mill at Dawson, they understood Buck and his ways, and did not insist upon an intimacy such as obtained with Skeet and Nig.
Clearly - en clair; ; clairement
eddy - eddy; tourbillon
Mill - moulin; bahut, moulons, mouds, moulez, moulin, moulent
insist - insister
intimacy - l'intimité; ; intimité
For Thornton, however, his love seemed to grow and grow. He, alone among men, could put a pack upon Buck's back in the summer travelling. Nothing was too great for Buck to do, when Thornton commanded. One day (they had grub-staked themselves from the proceeds of the raft and left Dawson for the head-waters of the Tanana) the men and dogs were sitting on the crest of a cliff which fell away, straight down, to naked bed-rock three hundred feet below.
staked - piquetée; pieu, pal, tuteur, jalon, piquet, piquet, poteau
proceeds - le produit; avancer, procéder, procéder
crest - l'écusson; ; crete, huppe, aigrette, cimier, criniere
John Thornton was sitting near the edge, Buck at his shoulder. A thoughtless whim seized Thornton, and he drew the attention of Hans and Pete to the experiment he had in mind. "Jump, Buck!" he commanded, sweeping his arm out and over the chasm. The next instant he was grappling with Buck on the extreme edge, while Hans and Pete were dragging them back into safety.
thoughtless - inattentionné, irréfléchi
whim - caprice; caprice
seized - saisi; saisir, saisir
attention - attention, attention, attentions, garde a vous
experiment - expérience, expérimenter
sweeping - balayage, balayage, a l'emporteiece, radical, complet
chasm - chasme, crevasse, fossé, gouffre
grappling with - a l'ordre du jour
extreme - extreme; ; extreme, excessif, excessive
"It's uncanny," Pete said, after it was over and they had caught their speech.
uncanny - déroutant, déroutante, étrange, troublant
Thornton shook his head. "No, it is splendid, and it is terrible, too. Do you know, it sometimes makes me afraid."
"I'm not hankering to be the man that lays hands on you while he's around," Pete announced conclusively, nodding his head toward Buck.
hankering - envie; (hanker) envie
lays - les mensonges; poser
conclusively - de maniere concluante
nodding - hochement de tete; (nod); dodeliner, hocher, hochement
"Py Jingo!" was Hans's contribution. "Not mineself either."
Jingo - jingo
contribution - contribution, contribution financiere
mineself - moi-meme
Those who were looking on heard what was neither bark nor yelp, but a something which is best described as a roar, and they saw Buck's body rise up in the air as he left the floor for Burton's throat. The man saved his life by instinctively throwing out his arm, but was hurled backward to the floor with Buck on top of him. Buck loosed his teeth from the flesh of the arm and drove in again for the throat. This time the man succeeded only in partly blocking, and his throat was torn open.
rise up - se lever
throwing out - a jeter
loosed - desserré; ample, desserré
partly - en partie
blocking - blocage; blocage, bloquant; (bloc); bloc
torn open - déchiré
Then the crowd was upon Buck, and he was driven off; but while a surgeon checked the bleeding, he prowled up and down, growling furiously, attempting to rush in, and being forced back by an array of hostile clubs. A "miners'meeting," called on the spot, decided that the dog had sufficient provocation, and Buck was discharged. But his reputation was made, and from that day his name spread through every camp in Alaska.
surgeon - chirurgien, chirurgienne
prowled - rôdé; rôder
miners - les mineurs; mineur
provocation - provocation
discharged - déchargée; licenciement, débit
reputation - réputation, renommée (more slang)
Later on, in the fall of the year, he saved John Thornton's life in quite another fashion. The three partners were lining a long and narrow poling-boat down a bad stretch of rapids on the Forty-Mile Creek. Hans and Pete moved along the bank, snubbing with a thin Manila rope from tree to tree, while Thornton remained in the boat, helping its descent by means of a pole, and shouting directions to the shore.
poling - poling; (pol) poling
snubbing - snober; (snub) snober
Manila - manille; Manille
descent - descente, origine, ascendance
directions - des directions; direction, direction
Buck, on the bank, worried and anxious, kept abreast of the boat, his eyes never off his master.
worried - inquiet; inquiéter
abreast - dans le meme sens; ; côte a côte, au courant
At a particularly bad spot, where a ledge of barely submerged rocks jutted out into the river, Hans cast off the rope, and, while Thornton poled the boat out into the stream, ran down the bank with the end in his hand to snub the boat when it had cleared the ledge. This it did, and was flying down-stream in a current as swift as a mill-race, when Hans checked it with the rope and checked too suddenly.
ledge - la corniche; rebord
submerged - submergé; submerger, immerger
rocks - des rochers; rocher, roc
jutted - en saillie; saillir
poled - pold; pôle
stream - flux; ; ruisseau, ru, rupt, filet, flot, courant
ran down - s'est écrasé
snub - snub; snober, repousser
cleared - autorisé; clair, transparent, clair, libre, dégagé, clair
current - courant, présent, actuel
The boat flirted over and snubbed in to the bank bottom up, while Thornton, flung sheer out of it, was carried down-stream toward the worst part of the rapids, a stretch of wild water in which no swimmer could live.
flirted - flirté; flirt, draguer, flirter
snubbed - snobé; snober, repousser
swimmer - nageur, nageuse
Buck had sprung in on the instant; and at the end of three hundred yards, amid a mad swirl of water, he overhauled Thornton. When he felt him grasp his tail, Buck headed for the bank, swimming with all his splendid strength. But the progress shoreward was slow; the progress down-stream amazingly rapid. From below came the fatal roaring where the wild current went wilder and was rent in shreds and spray by the rocks which thrust through like the teeth of an enormous comb. The suck of the water as it took the beginning of the last steep pitch was frightful, and Thornton knew that the shore was impossible.
swirl - tourbillonner, tourbillon, remous
grasp - saisir, agripper, comprendre
shoreward - vers le rivage
amazingly - étonnamment
fatal - fatale; ; fatal
wilder - plus sauvage; (wild) plus sauvage
shreds - en lambeaux; lambeau
spray - pulvériser; embrun
enormous - énorme
comb - peigne; peigne, peignent, peigner, peignons, peignez
suck - aspirer; ; sucer, téter, etre chiant, etre nul
He scraped furiously over a rock, bruised across a second, and struck a third with crushing force. He clutched its slippery top with both hands, releasing Buck, and above the roar of the churning water shouted: "Go, Buck! Go!"
scraped - grattée; gratter, racler, effleurer
crushing - l'écrasement; barricade, béguin, amourette, faible
force - force; forcez, contrainte, forçons, contraindre, forcent
clutched - serré; se raccrocher (a)
releasing - libérer; libérer
churning - le barattage; (churn); baratter, agiter, baratte
Buck could not hold his own, and swept on down-stream, struggling desperately, but unable to win back. When he heard Thornton's command repeated, he partly reared out of the water, throwing his head high, as though for a last look, then turned obediently toward the bank. He swam powerfully and was dragged ashore by Pete and Hans at the very point where swimming ceased to be possible and destruction began.
desperately - désespérément
reared - élevé; arriere
obediently - avec obéissance
powerfully - puissamment
ashore - a terre; a terre
destruction - la destruction; ; destruction
They knew that the time a man could cling to a slippery rock in the face of that driving current was a matter of minutes, and they ran as fast as they could up the bank to a point far above where Thornton was hanging on. They attached the line with which they had been snubbing the boat to Buck's neck and shoulders, being careful that it should neither strangle him nor impede his swimming, and launched him into the stream.
cling to - s'accrocher
attached - attachée; attacher
careful - prudent, soigneux, attentif
strangle - étrangler
impede - entraver
He struck out boldly, but not straight enough into the stream. He discovered the mistake too late, when Thornton was abreast of him and a bare half-dozen strokes away while he was being carried helplessly past.
struck out - a frappé
boldly - hardiment
bare - a nu; dénudé, dégarnir, nu
Hans promptly snubbed with the rope, as though Buck were a boat. The rope thus tightening on him in the sweep of the current, he was jerked under the surface, and under the surface he remained till his body struck against the bank and he was hauled out. He was half drowned, and Hans and Pete threw themselves upon him, pounding the breath into him and the water out of him.
tightening - le resserrement; serrer, se resserrer, resserrer les taux
sweep - balayer, balayage
He staggered to his feet and fell down. The faint sound of Thornton's voice came to them, and though they could not make out the words of it, they knew that he was in his extremity. His master's voice acted on Buck like an electric shock, He sprang to his feet and ran up the bank ahead of the men to the point of his previous departure.
faint - évanouissement; s'évanouir, défailles, défaillez, défaillir
extremity - l'extrémité; ; extrémité
acted on - agi
electric shock - un choc électrique
ran up - a couru
departure - départ, déviation
Again the rope was attached and he was launched, and again he struck out, but this time straight into the stream. He had miscalculated once, but he would not be guilty of it a second time. Hans paid out the rope, permitting no slack, while Pete kept it clear of coils. Buck held on till he was on a line straight above Thornton; then he turned, and with the speed of an express train headed down upon him. Thornton saw him coming, and, as Buck struck him like a battering ram, with the whole force of the current behind him, he reached up and closed with both arms around the shaggy neck.
permitting - l'autorisation; permettre
Coils - bobines; enrouler
held on - tenu
Speed - la vitesse; galoper, vitesse
battering - coups de poing; battre
shaggy - hirsute
Hans snubbed the rope around the tree, and Buck and Thornton were jerked under the water. Strangling, suffocating, sometimes one uppermost and sometimes the other, dragging over the jagged bottom, smashing against rocks and snags, they veered in to the bank.
strangling - étranglement; (strangle); étrangler
suffocating - étouffant; (suffocate); suffoquer, étouffer
uppermost - le plus haut
jagged - dentelé; déchiqueté; (jag) dentelé; déchiqueté
smashing - fracassant; smash, fracasser, percuter, écraser
snags - des accrocs; obstacle
veered - a viré; virer
Thornton came to, belly downward and being violently propelled back and forth across a drift log by Hans and Pete. His first glance was for Buck, over whose limp and apparently lifeless body Nig was setting up a howl, while Skeet was licking the wet face and closed eyes. Thornton was himself bruised and battered, and he went carefully over Buck's body, when he had been brought around, finding three broken ribs.
belly - ventre
violently - violemment
drift - dérive, dériver, errer, dévier
setting - de l'environnement; ; réglage, configuration
battered - battu; battre
"That settles it," he announced. "We camp right here." And camp they did, till Buck's ribs knitted and he was able to travel.
settles - s'installe; (s'')installer
knitted - tricoté; tricoter, souder, unir, se souder
That winter, at Dawson, Buck performed another exploit, not so heroic, perhaps, but one that put his name many notches higher on the totem-pole of Alaskan fame. This exploit was particularly gratifying to the three men; for they stood in need of the outfit which it furnished, and were enabled to make a long-desired trip into the virgin East, where miners had not yet appeared. It was brought about by a conversation in the Eldorado Saloon, in which men waxed boastful of their favorite dogs.
exploit - exploit, exploiter
heroic - héroique; ; héroique
notches - encoches; entaille, encoche, cran
totem - totem
Alaskan - en alaska; ; alaskien
fame - la notoriété; ; gloire, célébrité
gratifying - gratifiante; gratifier
Virgin - vierge
appeared - est apparu; apparaître, paraître, apparaître, sembler, paraître
brought about - provoquée
boastful - vantard, fanfaron
favorite - préféré; favori
Buck, because of his record, was the target for these men, and Thornton was driven stoutly to defend him. At the end of half an hour one man stated that his dog could start a sled with five hundred pounds and walk off with it; a second bragged six hundred for his dog; and a third, seven hundred.
target - cible, objectif, but, cibler, viser
stoutly - avec acharnement
defend - défendre
five hundred - cinq cents
bragged - s'est vanté; brag, fanfaronner, se vanter
"Pooh! pooh!" said John Thornton; "Buck can start a thousand pounds."
"And break it out? and walk off with it for a hundred yards?" demanded Matthewson, a Bonanza King, he of the seven hundred vaunt.
vaunt - vanter
"And break it out, and walk off with it for a hundred yards," John Thornton said coolly.
"Well," Matthewson said, slowly and deliberately, so that all could hear, "I've got a thousand dollars that says he can't. And there it is." So saying, he slammed a sack of gold dust of the size of a bologna sausage down upon the bar.
slammed - claquée; claquer
bologna - la mortadelle; ; Bologne
sausage - saucisse, saucisson
Nobody spoke. Thornton's bluff, if bluff it was, had been called. He could feel a flush of warm blood creeping up his face. His tongue had tricked him. He did not know whether Buck could start a thousand pounds. Half a ton! The enormousness of it appalled him. He had great faith in Buck's strength and had often thought him capable of starting such a load; but never, as now, had he faced the possibility of it, the eyes of a dozen men fixed upon him, silent and waiting.
ton - ton; tonne
bluff - bluff; direct
flush - la chasse d'eau; vidanger, rougeur
tricked - piégé; tour, tour, astuce, truc, rench: -neededr, pli, levée
appalled - consterné; épouvanter
capable - capable
possibility - possibilité
Further, he had no thousand dollars; nor had Hans or Pete.
"I've got a sled standing outside now, with twenty fiftypound sacks of flour on it," Matthewson went on with brutal directness; "so don't let that hinder you."
fiftypound - cinquante livres
flour - farine, fariner, enfariner
hinder - entraver; gener, embarrasser; (hind) entraver; gener
Thornton did not reply. He did not know what to say. He glanced from face to face in the absent way of a man who has lost the power of thought and is seeking somewhere to find the thing that will start it going again. The face of Jim O'Brien, a Mastodon King and old-time comrade, caught his eyes. It was as a cue to him, seeming to rouse him to do what he would never have dreamed of doing.
glanced - a glissé; jeter un coup d’oil, coup d'oil
absent - absente; absent
seeking - a la recherche; chercher
somewhere - quelque part
Mastodon - mastodon; ; mastodonte
comrade - camarade f, camarade
cue - cue; réplique
dreamed - revé; reve, t+songe, reve, t+songe, t+voeu, t+souhait, t+vou
"Can you lend me a thousand?" he asked, almost in a whisper.
"Sure," answered O'Brien, thumping down a plethoric sack by the side of Matthewson's. "Though it's little faith I'm having, John, that the beast can do the trick."
thumping - le bruit sourd; coup sourd, tambouriner
plethoric - pléthorique
The Eldorado emptied its occupants into the street to see the test. The tables were deserted, and the dealers and gamekeepers came forth to see the outcome of the wager and to lay odds. Several hundred men, furred and mittened, banked around the sled within easy distance. Matthewson's sled, loaded with a thousand pounds of flour, had been standing for a couple of hours, and in the intense cold (it was sixty below zero) the runners had frozen fast to the hard-packed snow. Men offered odds of two to one that Buck could not budge the sled.
emptied - vidée; vide, vider, cadavre
occupants - occupants; occupant, occupant, habitant
deserted - désertée; abandonner
gamekeepers - les gardes-chasse; garde-chasse
outcome - issue, résultat, dénouement
wager - pari; parier
mittened - mitonnée
standing for - pour quoi faire
intense - intense
A quibble arose concerning the phrase "break out." O'Brien contended it was Thornton's privilege to knock the runners loose, leaving Buck to "break it out" from a dead standstill. Matthewson insisted that the phrase included breaking the runners from the frozen grip of the snow. A majority of the men who had witnessed the making of the bet decided in his favor, whereat the odds went up to three to one against Buck.
quibble - querelle; ; argutie, chicaner, ergoter, chinoiser, chipoter
privilege - privilege; ; privilege, privilégier
standstill - l'arret; ; arret, immobilisation, paralysie, surplace
insisted - insisté; insister
majority - majorité
witnessed - témoins; témoignage, témoin, témoin, preuve, témoigner
bet - parier; paria, pariai, pari, parié, parions, pariez
favor - favorable; ; faveur, favoriser
whereat - pourquoi; ; a quoi
There were no takers. Not a man believed him capable of the feat. Thornton had been hurried into the wager, heavy with doubt; and now that he looked at the sled itself, the concrete fact, with the regular team of ten dogs curled up in the snow before it, the more impossible the task appeared. Matthewson waxed jubilant.
takers - les preneurs; preneur/-euse
feat - feat; fait
doubt - des doutes; ; douter, doute
concrete - du béton; ; concret, de béton, béton, bétonner, concréter
regular - réguliere; ; régulier, habitué, habituée, habitués, habituées
curled - frisé; boucle, rotationnel, rotationnel, boucler
jubilant - jubilatoire
"Three to one!" he proclaimed. "I'll lay you another thousand at that figure, Thornton. What d'ye say?"
proclaimed - proclamé; proclamer, déclarer, proclamer
figure - figure, forme, personnage, figure, personnalité, chiffre
ye - ou; lequel
Thornton's doubt was strong in his face, but his fighting spirit was aroused-the fighting spirit that soars above odds, fails to recognize the impossible, and is deaf to all save the clamor for battle. He called Hans and Pete to him. Their sacks were slim, and with his own the three partners could rake together only two hundred dollars.
fighting spirit - esprit de combat
soars - s'envole; planer, monter, s'élever, planer, grimper en fleche
fails - échoue; échouer (a)
recognize - reconnaître; reconnaissons, homologuer, reconnaitre, retrouve
deaf - sourd, les sourds
slim - mince, svelte, maigrir, mincir
rake - râteau; râteler, râteau
In the ebb of their fortunes, this sum was their total capital; yet they laid it unhesitatingly against Matthewson's six hundred.
Ebb - le reflux; ; reflux, jusant, refluer, décliner
fortunes - fortune; destin, bonne chance, fortune
unhesitatingly - sans hésitation
The team of ten dogs was unhitched, and Buck, with his own harness, was put into the sled. He had caught the contagion of the excitement, and he felt that in some way he must do a great thing for John Thornton. Murmurs of admiration at his splendid appearance went up. He was in perfect condition, without an ounce of superfluous flesh, and the one hundred and fifty pounds that he weighed were so many pounds of grit and virility. His furry coat shone with the sheen of silk.
contagion - la contagion; ; contagion
murmurs - murmures; murmure, rumeur, souffle, rumeur, murmure, murmurer
admiration - l'admiration; ; admiration
Grit - le courage; gravier
virility - virilité
sheen - l'éclat; lustre, brillant
silk - soie
Down the neck and across the shoulders, his mane, in repose as it was, half bristled and seemed to lift with every movement, as though excess of vigor made each particular hair alive and active. The great breast and heavy fore legs were no more than in proportion with the rest of the body, where the muscles showed in tight rolls underneath the skin. Men felt these muscles and proclaimed them hard as iron, and the odds went down to two to one.
repose - repos; repos
lift - l'ascenseur; élevons, élevez, ascenseur, lever, ennoblir
vigor - vigueur; vigueur
proportion - proportion
showed in - s'est montré
rolls - rouleaux; rouleau
underneath - dessous, en dessous, du dessous, d'en dessous
"Gad, sir! Gad, sir!" stuttered a member of the latest dynasty, a king of the Skookum Benches. "I offer you eight hundred for him, sir, before the test, sir; eight hundred just as he stands."
Gad - gad; vadrouiller
stuttered - bégayé; bégaiement
dynasty - dynastie
benches - des bancs; banc
Thornton shook his head and stepped to Buck's side.
stepped - en escalier; steppe
"You must stand off from him," Matthewson protested. "free play and plenty of room."
protested - protesté; protester, protestation, manifestation
free play - jeu libre
plenty - l'abondance; ; abondance
The crowd fell silent; only could be heard the voices of the gamblers vainly offering two to one. Everybody acknowledged Buck a magnificent animal, but twenty fifty-pound sacks of flour bulked too large in their eyes for them to loosen their pouch-strings.
voices - voix; voix
gamblers - les joueurs; joueur, parieur
vainly - vainement
offering - offre, offrande; (offer); offre, offrande
magnificent - magnifique
bulked - gonflée; grosseur, gros, ensemble, vrac
loosen - se desserrer; ; desserrer
pouch - pochette; ; sachet, petit sac, or tobacco, poche, marsupium
Thornton knelt down by Buck's side. He took his head in his two hands and rested cheek on cheek. He did not playfully shake him, as was his wont, or murmur soft love curses; but he whispered in his ear. "As you love me, Buck. As you love me," was what he whispered. Buck whined with suppressed eagerness.
rested - reposé; repos
cheek - joue, fesse, culot, toupet, potence de bringuebale
playfully - de façon ludique
shake - secouer, agiter, se serrer la main, secousse
whispered - chuchoté; chuchotement, chuchoter, susurrer, murmurer
suppressed - supprimée; contenir, fr
The crowd was watching curiously. The affair was growing mysterious. It seemed like a conjuration. As Thornton got to his feet, Buck seized his mittened hand between his jaws, pressing in with his teeth and releasing slowly, half-reluctantly. It was the answer, in terms, not of speech, but of love. Thornton stepped well back.
mysterious - mystérieux
conjuration - conjuration
pressing - pressant; pressant; (pres) pressant; pressant
reluctantly - a contrecour
terms - conditions; peine, mandat, période
stepped - en escalier; pas
"Now, Buck," he said.
Buck tightened the traces, then slacked them for a matter of several inches. It was the way he had learned.
slacked - s'est relâché; lâche
"Gee!" Thornton's voice rang out, sharp in the tense silence.
tense - tendu; tendu
Buck swung to the right, ending the movement in a plunge that took up the slack and with a sudden jerk arrested his one hundred and fifty pounds. The load quivered, and from under the runners arose a crisp crackling.
arrested - arreté; arrestation, arreter
crisp - net, croustillant, croquant
crackling - crépitement; ; couenne rissolee; (crackle); crépitement
"Haw!" Thornton commanded.
Haw - haw
Buck duplicated the manoeuvre, this time to the left. The crackling turned into a snapping, the sled pivoting and the runners slipping and grating several inches to the side. The sled was broken out. Men were holding their breaths, intensely unconscious of the fact.
manoeuvre - manouvre; manoeuvrer
pivoting - pivotant; pivot, pivotement, pivoter
slipping - glissement; glisser
grating - grinçant; ; grille; (grate) grinçant; ; grille
holding - en attente; ; possession; (hold) en attente; ; possession
intensely - intensément
unconscious - inconscient, subconscient
Thornton's command cracked out like a pistol-shot. Buck threw himself forward, tightening the traces with a jarring lunge. His whole body was gathered compactly together in the tremendous effort, the muscles writhing and knotting like live things under the silky fur. His great chest was low to the ground, his head forward and down, while his feet were flying like mad, the claws scarring the hard-packed snow in parallel grooves. The sled swayed and trembled, half-started forward. One of his feet slipped, and one man groaned aloud. Then the sled lurched ahead in what appeared a rapid succession of jerks, though it never really came to a dead stop again..
pistol - pistolet
lunge - bond (vers l'avant), fente
compactly - compact
tremendous - formidable
knotting - le nouage; (knot) le nouage
silky - soyeux
claws - griffes; griffe
scarring - cicatrisation; (scar) cicatrisation
parallel - parallele; ; parallele, parallele a, parallelement, parallele
grooves - sillons; rainure, sillon, routine, groove, puits
groaned - gémi; râle, râlement, gémissement, grognement, grondement
aloud - a haute voix; ; a voix haute, a haute voix, fort
lurched - s'est déplacé; faire une embardée, vaciller
succession - succession
jerks - des abrutis; secousse
half an inch...an inch... two inches... The jerks perceptibly diminished; as the sled gained momentum, he caught them up, till it was moving steadily along.
perceptibly - de maniere perceptible
diminished - diminué; réduire, rétrécir, rapetisser, diminuer, amincir
momentum - l'élan; ; quantité de mouvement, élan
Men gasped and began to breathe again, unaware that for a moment they had ceased to breathe. Thornton was running behind, encouraging Buck with short, cheery words. The distance had been measured off, and as he neared the pile of firewood which marked the end of the hundred yards, a cheer began to grow and grow, which burst into a roar as he passed the firewood and halted at command.
gasped - haletant; retenir son souffle, haleter, ahaner, haletement
breathe again - respirer a nouveau
encouraging - encourageant; encourager, encourager
cheery - heureuse
measured - mesurée; mesure, mesure, mesure, mesurer
pile - pile; tapée, pilotis, foule, amas
Every man was tearing himself loose, even Matthewson. Hats and mittens were flying in the air. Men were shaking hands, it did not matter with whom, and bubbling over in a general incoherent babel.
tearing - déchirure; larme
mittens - des moufles; moufle, mitaine
bubbling over - qui débordent
incoherent - incohérent
babel - Babel, Babylone
But Thornton fell on his knees beside Buck. Head was against head, and he was shaking him back and forth. Those who hurried up heard him cursing Buck, and he cursed him long and fervently, and softly and lovingly.
fervently - avec ferveur; ; fervemment
lovingly - avec amour
"Gad, sir! Gad, sir!" spluttered the Skookum Bench king. "I'll give you a thousand for him, sir, a thousand, sir-twelve hundred, sir."
Bench - banc; banc, établi, banquette
Thornton rose to his feet. His eyes were wet. The tears were streaming frankly down his cheeks. "Sir," he said to the Skookum Bench king, "no, sir. You can go to hell, sir. It's the best I can do for you, sir."
frankly - franchement
cheeks - joues; joue, fesse, culot, toupet, potence de bringuebale
Buck seized Thornton's hand in his teeth. Thornton shook him back and forth. As though animated by a common impulse, the onlookers drew back to a respectful distance; nor were they again indiscreet enough to interrupt.
impulse - impulsion
respectful - respectueux
indiscreet - indiscret
interrupt - interrompre, couper
When Buck earned sixteen hundred dollars in five minutes for John Thornton, he made it possible for his master to pay off certain debts and to journey with his partners into the East after a fabled lost mine, the history of which was as old as the history of the country. Many men had sought it; few had found it; and more than a few there were who had never returned from the quest. This lost mine was steeped in tragedy and shrouded in mystery.
debts - des dettes; dette, dette, dette
fabled - légendaire; conte, fable
quest - quete; recherche
steeped - trempé; escarpé, raide
tragedy - tragédie
shrouded - enveloppée; linceul
No one knew of the first man. The oldest tradition stopped before it got back to him. From the beginning there had been an ancient and ramshackle cabin. Dying men had sworn to it, and to the mine the site of which it marked, clinching their testimony with nuggets that were unlike any known grade of gold in the Northland.
tradition - tradition
ramshackle - délabré
sworn - assermenté; jurer
site - site; site
clinching - le clinchage; agrafer, attache, fixation, clinch
testimony - témoignage
nuggets - pépites; pépite, bleu
grade - mention, note, année, classe, niveau, grade, noter
But no living man had looted this treasure house, and the dead were dead; wherefore John Thornton and Pete and Hans, with Buck and half a dozen other dogs, faced into the East on an unknown trail to achieve where men and dogs as good as themselves had failed.
looted - pillés; butin
treasure - trésor, garder précieusement
wherefore - pourquoi; ; d'ou
an unknown - un inconnu
achieve - atteindre; ; accomplir, réaliser
They sledded seventy miles up the Yukon, swung to the left into the Stewart River, passed the Mayo and the McQuestion, and held on until the Stewart itself became a streamlet, threading the upstanding peaks which marked the backbone of the continent.
streamlet - streamlet; ; ruisselet
threading - le filetage; fil, fil, fil, processus léger, exétron, fil
peaks - pics; pic
backbone - l'épine dorsale; ; colonne vertébrale, rachis, épine dorsale
Continent - continent; continent, partie du monde
John Thornton asked little of man or nature. He was unafraid of the wild. With a handful of salt and a rifle he could plunge into the wilderness and fare wherever he pleased and as long as he pleased. Being in no haste, Indian fashion, he hunted his dinner in the course of the day's travel; and if he failed to find it, like the Indian, he kept on travelling, secure in the knowledge that sooner or later he would come to it.
unafraid - sans crainte
handful - poignée, manipule
rifle - fusil
wilderness - la nature sauvage; ; désert, naturalité, nature sauvage
fare - tarif; aller, tarifaire
haste - hâte
hunted - chassé; chasser, chercher, chasse
So, on this great journey into the East, straight meat was the bill of fare, ammunition and tools principally made up the load on the sled, and the time-card was drawn upon the limitless future.
bill of fare - le tarif
ammunition - munitions
tools - des outils; outil, outil, mouton, façonner
principally - principalement
limitless - sans limite; ; illimité
To Buck it was boundless delight, this hunting, fishing, and indefinite wandering through strange places. For weeks at a time they would hold on steadily, day after day; and for weeks upon end they would camp, here and there, the dogs loafing and the men burning holes through frozen muck and gravel and washing countless pans of dirt by the heat of the fire. Sometimes they went hungry, sometimes they feasted riotously, all according to the abundance of game and the fortune of hunting.
wandering - l'errance; ; errement, errance, divagation; (wander); errer
muck - de la boue; ; boue, gadoue, fumier
gravel - graviers, gravillons, gravier
pans - casseroles; casserole, poele
dirt - la saleté; ; saleté, ordure, terre, boue, salissure, tache
feasted - festoyé; festin
riotously - de maniere émeutiere
according - selon; entente, accorder
abundance - l'abondance; ; abondance
Fortune - la fortune; ; destin, bonne chance, fortune
Summer arrived, and dogs and men packed on their backs, rafted across blue mountain lakes, and descended or ascended unknown rivers in slender boats whipsawed from the standing forest.
rafted - en radeau; radeau
slender - svelte, mince
The months came and went, and back and forth they twisted through the uncharted vastness, where no men were and yet where men had been if the Lost Cabin were true. They went across divides in summer blizzards, shivered under the midnight sun on naked mountains between the timber line and the eternal snows, dropped into summer valleys amid swarming gnats and flies, and in the shadows of glaciers picked strawberries and flowers as ripe and fair as any the Southland could boast.
uncharted - non répertoriée
vastness - l'immensité; ; immensité
divides - divise; diviser, fendre, partager, diviser
blizzards - blizzards; blizzard
eternal - éternelle; ; éternel
valleys - vallées; vallée, val
swarming - l'essaimage; (swarm); essaim (flying insects)
gnats - les moucherons; moucheron
shadows - ombres; ombre, ombre, prendre en filature, t+filer
strawberries - des fraises; fraise, fraisier
ripe - mur; pruine, mur
boast - se vanter; vantent, vantez, vantons, fanfaronner, vanter
In the fall of the year they penetrated a weird lake country, sad and silent, where wildfowl had been, but where then there was no life nor sign of life-only the blowing of chill winds, the forming of ice in sheltered places, and the melancholy rippling of waves on lonely beaches.
penetrated - pénétré; pénétrer
wildfowl - la sauvagine
winds - vents; vent
melancholy - mélancolie
rippling - ondulation; (ripple) ondulation
waves - des vagues; vague
And through another winter they wandered on the obliterated trails of men who had gone before. Once, they came upon a path blazed through the forest, an ancient path, and the Lost Cabin seemed very near. But the path began nowhere and ended nowhere, and it remained mystery, as the man who made it and the reason he made it remained mystery. Another time they chanced upon the time-graven wreckage of a hunting lodge, and amid the shreds of rotted blankets John Thornton found a long-barrelled flint-lock.
obliterated - anéantie; annihiler, effacer
trails - sentiers; pister, suivre, traîner, piste, traces-p, piste
blazed - brulé; feu, embrasement
chanced - hasardeux; hasard
graven - gravé; tombe
wreckage - épave
hunting lodge - un pavillon de chasse
rotted - pourri; pourrir, pourrir
barrelled - en tonneaux; tonneau, barrique, baril, canon, barillet
Flint - flint; ; silex, pierre a fusil, pierre a briquet
lock - serrure; clôturer, cerrure, arret, serrure, obturer, pene
He knew it for a Hudson Bay Company gun of the young days in the Northwest, when such a gun was worth its height in beaver skins packed flat, And that was all-no hint as to the man who in an early day had reared the lodge and left the gun among the blankets.
gun - pistolet; as, rigolo, fusil, pistolet
height - hauteur, taille
beaver - castor; castor
hint - indice; ; indication, soupçon, faire allusion
Lodge - cabane, maison du portier, loge, rench: t-needed r, loger
Spring came on once more, and at the end of all their wandering they found, not the Lost Cabin, but a shallow placer in a broad valley where the gold showed like yellow butter across the bottom of the washing-pan. They sought no farther. Each day they worked earned them thousands of dollars in clean dust and nuggets, and they worked every day.
shallow - superficielle; ; peu profond, superficiel, haut-fond, baisse
placer - placer
pan - pan; poele, marmite
The gold was sacked in moose-hide bags, fifty pounds to the bag, and piled like so much firewood outside the spruce-bough lodge. Like giants they toiled, days flashing on the heels of days like dreams as they heaped the treasure up.
sacked - licencié; sac
piled - empilés; pile, tas
spruce - épicéa
bough - rameau; ; branche
giants - géants; géant, géant
heaped - en tas; tas, pile, monceau, tas, tas, pile, tas
There was nothing for the dogs to do, save the hauling in of meat now and again that Thornton killed, and Buck spent long hours musing by the fire. The vision of the short-legged hairy man came to him more frequently, now that there was little work to be done; and often, blinking by the fire, Buck wandered with him in that other world which he remembered.
long hours - de longues heures
musing - muser; ; songeur, pensif, pensée; (mus) muser; ; songeur
vision - vision, vue, aspiration, apparition
The salient thing of this other world seemed fear. When he watched the hairy man sleeping by the fire, head between his knees and hands clasped above, Buck saw that he slept restlessly, with many starts and awakenings, at which times he would peer fearfully into the darkness and fling more wood upon the fire. Did they walk by the beach of a sea, where the hairy man gathered shellfish and ate them as he gathered, it was with eyes that roved everywhere for hidden danger and with legs prepared to run like the wind at its first appearance. Through the forest they crept noiselessly, Buck at the hairy man's heels; and they were alert and vigilant, the pair of them, ears twitching and moving and nostrils quivering, for the man heard and smelled as keenly as Buck.
restlessly - avec agitation
awakenings - des réveils; réveil
peer - pair; pair
fearfully - avec crainte
fling - flirt; brandir
shellfish - des coquillages; ; coquillage, fruits de mer
roved - rovées; vagabonder
everywhere - partout
danger - danger, péril
crept - rampé; ramper, rampement, fatigue, fluage, reptation
noiselessly - sans bruit
vigilant - vigilant
twitching - twitching; (twitch) twitching
smelled - senti; odeur, t+parfum, t+gout, odorat, sentir, t+humer
The hairy man could spring up into the trees and travel ahead as fast as on the ground, swinging by the arms from limb to limb, sometimes a dozen feet apart, letting go and catching, never falling, never missing his grip. In fact, he seemed as much at home among the trees as on the ground; and Buck had memories of nights of vigil spent beneath trees wherein the hairy man roosted, holding on tightly as he slept.
spring up - le printemps
letting go - lâcher prise
catching - de capture; attrapant; (catch); prise, touche, loquet
vigil - veille, veillée
wherein - ou
roosted - perché; perchoir
holding on - en s'accrochant
tightly - étanche; ; fermement
And closely akin to the visions of the hairy man was the call still sounding in the depths of the forest. It filled him with a great unrest and strange desires. It caused him to feel a vague, sweet gladness, and he was aware of wild yearnings and stirrings for he knew not what. Sometimes he pursued the call into the forest, looking for it as though it were a tangible thing, barking softly or defiantly, as the mood might dictate. He would thrust his nose into the cool wood moss, or into the black soil where long grasses grew, and snort with joy at the fat earth smells; or he would crouch for hours, as if in concealment, behind fungus-covered trunks of fallen trees, wide-eyed and wide-eared to all that moved and sounded about him.
closely - de pres; ; étroitement, pres
visions - visions; vision, vue, vision, aspiration, vision, apparition
desires - désirs; désirer, désirer, désir, désir, désir
gladness - la joie; ; allégresse
stirrings - des remous; passionnant, enthousiasmant
pursued - poursuivie; poursuivre, rechercher
tangible - tangible, palpable
barking - aboiement; aboiement
defiantly - par défi
mood - l'humeur; humeur, changeant, ambiance, diapason
dictate - dicter
moss - mousse
soil - sol; terre, barbouillons, barbouiller, foncierere, sol
grasses - des graminées; herbe, pelouse, t+gazon, herbe, t+beuh, balance
smells - odeurs; odeur, t+parfum, t+gout, odorat, sentir, t+humer
crouch - s'accroupir; s''accroupir
concealment - dissimulation
fungus - champignon; ; fongus
trunks - troncs d'arbre; tronc, malle, coffre, trompe
It might be, lying thus, that he hoped to surprise this call he could not understand. But he did not know why he did these various things. He was impelled to do them, and did not reason about them at all.
various - divers
impelled - poussé; motiver, inciter, pousser, propulser, éjecter, pousser
Irresistible impulses seized him. He would be lying in camp, dozing lazily in the heat of the day, when suddenly his head would lift and his ears cock up, intent and listening, and he would spring to his feet and dash away, and on and on, for hours, through the forest aisles and across the open spaces where the niggerheads bunched. He loved to run down dry watercourses, and to creep and spy upon the bird life in the woods.
impulses - des impulsions; impulsion
dozing - s'assoupir; (doze) s'assoupir
cock - bite; coq
intent - l'intention; ; intention, résolu, déterminé, buté
forest aisles - les allées de la foret
niggerheads - tetes de negres
bunched - groupé; groupe, bouquet, botte, grappe, bande, peloton, tas
run down - écrasé
watercourses - cours d'eau; cours d'eau, cours
spy upon - espionner
For a day at a time he would lie in the underbrush where he could watch the partridges drumming and strutting up and down. But especially he loved to run in the dim twilight of the summer midnights, listening to the subdued and sleepy murmurs of the forest, reading signs and sounds as man may read a book, and seeking for the mysterious something that called-called, waking or sleeping, at all times, for him to come.
underbrush - sous-bois
drumming - le tambour; tambour
strutting - se pavaner; (strut) se pavaner
especially - spécialement, particulierement, surtout, en particulier
subdued - atténué; soumettre, subjuguer, assujettir
sleepy - somnolent, ensommeillé, ensuqué, endormi
signs - des signes; signe
One night he sprang from sleep with a start, eager-eyed, nostrils quivering and scenting, his mane bristling in recurrent waves. From the forest came the call (or one note of it, for the call was many noted), distinct and definite as never before,-a long-drawn howl, like, yet unlike, any noise made by husky dog. And he knew it, in the old familiar way, as a sound heard before.
recurrent - récurrente
distinct - distinct, intelligible, reconnaissable
definite - définitif
noise - bruit, vacarme, brouhaha, boucan
familiar - familier, esprit familier
He sprang through the sleeping camp and in swift silence dashed through the woods. As he drew closer to the cry he went more slowly, with caution in every movement, till he came to an open place among the trees, and looking out saw, erect on haunches, with nose pointed to the sky, a long, lean, timber wolf.
sky - ciel; ciel, nue
He had made no noise, yet it ceased from its howling and tried to sense his presence. Buck stalked into the open, half crouching, body gathered compactly together, tail straight and stiff, feet falling with unwonted care. Every movement advertised commingled threatening and overture of friendliness. It was the menacing truce that marks the meeting of wild beasts that prey. But the wolf fled at sight of him.
presence - présence
threatening - menaçante; ; menaçant; (threaten); menacer
overture - ouverture
friendliness - l'amabilité; ; gentillesse, cordialité
menacing - menaçante; menace
truce - treve; ; treve, cessez-le-feu
He followed, with wild leapings, in a frenzy to overtake. He ran him into a blind channel, in the bed of the creek where a timber jam barred the way. The wolf whirled about, pivoting on his hind legs after the fashion of Joe and of all cornered husky dogs, snarling and bristling, clipping his teeth together in a continuous and rapid succession of snaps.
leapings - des sauts
frenzy - frénésie
overtake - dépasser, doubler, surprendre
jam - de la confiture; marmelade, coincer, confiture
barred - interdit; barre
cornered - coincé; coin, coin, coin, rencogner, piéger, acculer
snaps - des boutons-pression; claquer, claquement de doigts
Buck did not attack, but circled him about and hedged him in with friendly advances. The wolf was suspicious and afraid; for Buck made three of him in weight, while his head barely reached Buck's shoulder. Watching his chance, he darted away, and the chase was resumed. Time and again he was cornered, and the thing repeated, though he was in poor condition, or Buck could not so easily have overtaken him.
hedged - couvert; haie
suspicious - suspect, méfiant, soupçonneux, suspicieux
darted - dardé; dard, fleche
resumed - reprise; reprendre
overtaken - dépassé; dépasser, doubler, surprendre
He would run till Buck's head was even with his flank, when he would whirl around at bay, only to dash away again at the first opportunity.
whirl around - tourbillonner
But in the end Buck's pertinacity was rewarded; for the wolf, finding that no harm was intended, finally sniffed noses with him. Then they became friendly, and played about in the nervous, half-coy way with which fierce beasts belie their fierceness. After some time of this the wolf started off at an easy lope in a manner that plainly showed he was going somewhere.
pertinacity - la pertinence; ; ténacité, pertinacité
rewarded - récompensée; récompense
harm - le mal; ; mal, tort, dommage, nuire a, faire du mal a
intended - prévu; ; planifié, voulu; (intend); avoir l'intention
nervous - nerveux
coy - timide; (faussement) timide
belie - croire
lope - lope; ; courir en bondissant
He made it clear to Buck that he was to come, and they ran side by side through the sombre twilight, straight up the creek bed, into the gorge from which it issued, and across the bleak divide where it took its rise.
sombre - sombre
gorge - gorge; ravin
issued - émis; sortie, émission, livraison; délivrance, émission, drain
On the opposite slope of the watershed they came down into a level country where were great stretches of forest and many streams, and through these great stretches they ran steadily, hour after hour, the sun rising higher and the day growing warmer. Buck was wildly glad. He knew he was at last answering the call, running by the side of his wood brother toward the place from where the call surely came.
watershed - bassin versant; ; ligne de partage des eaux, tournant décisif
level - plat, a ras, au meme niveau, constant, niveau, profondeur
stretches - étirements; étendre, s'étendre, s'étirer, étirement
streams - flux; ruisseau, ru, rupt, filet, flot, courant, torrent
wildly - sauvage; ; sauvagement
surely - surement; ; surement, assurément
Old memories were coming upon him fast, and he was stirring to them as of old he stirred to the realities of which they were the shadows. He had done this thing before, somewhere in that other and dimly remembered world, and he was doing it again, now, running free in the open, the unpacked earth underfoot, the wide sky overhead.
stirring - l'agitation; ; passionnant
realities - réalités; réalité, vérité, réalité, réalité
unpacked - déballé; déballer
underfoot - sous les pieds
They stopped by a running stream to drink, and, stopping, Buck remembered John Thornton. He sat down. The wolf started on toward the place from where the call surely came, then returned to him, sniffing noses and making actions as though to encourage him. But Buck turned about and started slowly on the back track.
sniffing - renifler; (sniff); renifler, sniffer
encourage - encourager
turned about - a changé de direction
track - piste; ; trace, marque, sillon, empreinte, sentier, chemin
For the better part of an hour the wild brother ran by his side, whining softly. Then he sat down, pointed his nose upward, and howled. It was a mournful howl, and as Buck held steadily on his way he heard it grow faint and fainter until it was lost in the distance.
fainter - plus faible; (faint) plus faible
John Thornton was eating dinner when Buck dashed into camp and sprang upon him in a frenzy of affection, overturning him, scrambling upon him, licking his face, biting his hand-"playing the general tom-fool," as John Thornton characterized it, the while he shook Buck back and forth and cursed him lovingly.
overturning - renversement; renverser, retourner, capoter, verser, renverser
For two days and nights Buck never left camp, never let Thornton out of his sight. He followed him about at his work, watched him while he ate, saw him into his blankets at night and out of them in the morning. But after two days the call in the forest began to sound more imperiously than ever. Buck's restlessness came back on him, and he was haunted by recollections of the wild brother, and of the smiling land beyond the divide and the run side by side through the wide forest stretches.
call in - appeler
restlessness - l'agitation; ; agitation, impatience
Once again he took to wandering in the woods, but the wild brother came no more; and though he listened through long vigils, the mournful howl was never raised.
vigils - des veillées; veille, veillée
He began to sleep out at night, staying away from camp for days at a time; and once he crossed the divide at the head of the creek and went down into the land of timber and streams. There he wandered for a week, seeking vainly for fresh sign of the wild brother, killing his meat as he travelled and travelling with the long, easy lope that seems never to tire. He fished for salmon in a broad stream that emptied somewhere into the sea, and by this stream he killed a large black bear, blinded by the mosquitoes while likewise fishing, and raging through the forest helpless and terrible.
staying away - rester a l'écart
killing - tuer; ; meurtre; (kill) tuer; ; meurtre
Seems - semble-t-il; sembler, paraître, avoir l'air
tire - fatiguer, pneu, pneumatique
blinded - aveuglé; aveugle, mal-voyant, mal-voyante, store, blind
mosquitoes - les moustiques; (de) moustique
Even so, it was a hard fight, and it aroused the last latent remnants of Buck's ferocity. And two days later, when he returned to his kill and found a dozen wolverenes quarrelling over the spoil, he scattered them like chaff; and those that fled left two behind who would quarrel no more.
remnants - des vestiges; reste, reste
spoil - gâter, gâcher, tourner, dévoiler, révéler
chaff - des paillettes; ; balle, bale
The blood-longing became stronger than ever before. He was a killer, a thing that preyed, living on the things that lived, unaided, alone, by virtue of his own strength and prowess, surviving triumphantly in a hostile environment where only the strong survived. Because of all this he became possessed of a great pride in himself, which communicated itself like a contagion to his physical being. It advertised itself in all his movements, was apparent in the play of every muscle, spoke plainly as speech in the way he carried himself, and made his glorious furry coat if anything more glorious.
killer - tueur, meurtrier, meurtriere, assassin
preyed - en proie a la violence; butin, prise, proie
unaided - sans aide
surviving - survivant; survivre
survived - a survécu; survivre
physical - physique, physique, physiologique, visite médicale, check-up
more glorious - plus glorieux
But for the stray brown on his muzzle and above his eyes, and for the splash of white hair that ran midmost down his chest, he might well have been mistaken for a gigantic wolf, larger than the largest of the breed. From his St. Bernard father he had inherited size and weight, but it was his shepherd mother who had given shape to that size and weight. His muzzle was the long wolf muzzle, save that it was larger than the muzzle of any wolf; and his head, somewhat broader, was the wolf head on a massive scale.
stray - égaré; écartez, écartent, écartons, écarter
splash - splash; ; plouf, bruit, éclaboussure, éclabousser, asperger
midmost - au milieu
gigantic - gigantesque, colossal
inherited - hérité; hériter, hériter
shepherd - berger, bergere, pasteur, pâtre
somewhat - en quelque sorte; ; assez, quelque peu
broader - plus large; large
massive - massive; ; massif
His cunning was wolf cunning, and wild cunning; his intelligence, shepherd intelligence and St. Bernard intelligence; and all this, plus an experience gained in the fiercest of schools, made him as formidable a creature as any that roamed the wild. A carnivorous animal living on a straight meat diet, he was in full flower, at the high tide of his life, overspilling with vigor and virility. When Thornton passed a caressing hand along his back, a snapping and crackling followed the hand, each hair discharging its pent magnetism at the contact. Every part, brain and body, nerve tissue and fibre, was keyed to the most exquisite pitch; and between all the parts there was a perfect equilibrium or adjustment. To sights and sounds and events which required action, he responded with lightning-like rapidity.
intelligence - l'intelligence; ; intelligence, renseignements
plus - plus, positif, positive
roamed - a erré; errer
carnivorous - carnivore
meat diet - régime de viande
high tide - marée haute
caressing - caressant; (cares) caressant
discharging - la décharge; licenciement, débit
magnetism - le magnétisme; ; magnétisme
contact - contact, lentille, connaissance, toucher, contacter
brain - cerveau, or when used as food, tete, processeur
nerve - nerf, nervure, toupet, culot, cran
tissue - tissu, mouchoir en papier, kleenex
most exquisite - le plus exquis
equilibrium - l'équilibre; ; équilibre
adjustment - l'ajustement; ; ajustement, areglement
responded - a répondu; répondre, répondre, répondre, répondre
lightning - la foudre; ; éclair, éloise, foudre
rapidity - rapidité, célérité
Quickly as a husky dog could leap to defend from attack or to attack, he could leap twice as quickly. He saw the movement, or heard sound, and responded in less time than another dog required to compass the mere seeing or hearing. He perceived and determined and responded in the same instant. In point of fact the three actions of perceiving, determining, and responding were sequential; but so infinitesimal were the intervals of time between them that they appeared simultaneous. His muscles were surcharged with vitality, and snapped into play sharply, like steel springs. Life streamed through him in splendid flood, glad and rampant, until it seemed that it would burst him asunder in sheer ecstasy and pour forth generously over the world.
defend from - de se défendre
compass - boussole; compas, boussole
perceived - perçue; percevoir
determined - déterminé; déterminer, déterminer
perceiving - percevoir; apercevant; (perceive); percevoir
determining - déterminant; déterminer, déterminer
responding - répondre; répondre, répondre, répondre, répondre
sequential - séquentiel
infinitesimal - infinitésimal
intervals - intervalles; intervalle, intervalle
simultaneous - simultanées
vitality - vitalité
steel springs - des ressorts en acier
streamed - en streaming; ruisseau, ru, rupt, filet, flot, courant, torrent
flood - inondation, inonder, submerger, noyer
asunder - de l'homme, de la femme et de l'enfant
pour - verser a boire, versons, verser, versez, versent
"Never was there such a dog," said John Thornton one day, as the partners watched Buck marching out of camp.
"When he was made, the mould was broke," said Pete.
mould - moule; modeler
"Py jingo! I t'ink so mineself," Hans affirmed.
They saw him marching out of camp, but they did not see the instant and terrible transformation which took place as soon as he was within the secrecy of the forest. He no longer marched. At once he became a thing of the wild, stealing along softly, cat-footed, a passing shadow that appeared and disappeared among the shadows. He knew how to take advantage of every cover, to crawl on his belly like a snake, and like a snake to leap and strike. He could take a ptarmigan from its nest, kill a rabbit as it slept, and snap in mid air the little chipmunks fleeing a second too late for the trees.
transformation - transformation
secrecy - le secret; ; secret, secrétisme
stealing - le vol; (steal); voler, vol
ptarmigan - lagopede; ; ptarmigan, lagopede
snap in - s'enclencher
chipmunks - des écureuils; tamia, suisse
fleeing - s'enfuir; s'enfuir, prendre la fuite, fuir, échapper
Fish, in open pools, were not too quick for him; nor were beaver, mending their dams, too wary. He killed to eat, not from wantonness; but he preferred to eat what he killed himself. So a lurking humor ran through his deeds, and it was his delight to steal upon the squirrels, and, when he all but had them, to let them go, chattering in mortal fear to the treetops.
mending - raccommodage; (mend); réparer, raccommoder, rapiécer
dams - barrages; barrage
wary - méfiance; ; méfiant, circonspect
lurking - se cacher; (lurk); se cacher, s'embusquer, se dissimuler
humor - l'humour; humour, humeur
deeds - des actes; acte, action, ouvre, exploit, haut fait, prouesse
mortal fear - peur mortelle
treetops - la cime des arbres; cime des arbres
As the fall of the year came on, the moose appeared in greater abundance, moving slowly down to meet the winter in the lower and less rigorous valleys. Buck had already dragged down a stray part-grown calf; but he wished strongly for larger and more formidable quarry, and he came upon it one day on the divide at the head of the creek. A band of twenty moose had crossed over from the land of streams and timber, and chief among them was a great bull.
rigorous - rigoureux
calf - veau; mollet
wished - souhaité; souhait, souhaiter, espérer, souhaiter
strongly - fort, fortement
quarry - carriere; carriere
Bull - le taureau; taureau
He was in a savage temper, and, standing over six feet from the ground, was as formidable an antagonist as even Buck could desire. Back and forth the bull tossed his great palmated antlers, branching to fourteen points and embracing seven feet within the tips. His small eyes burned with a vicious and bitter light, while he roared with fury at sight of Buck.
temper - caractere, tempérament, humeur, état d'esprit, recuit
tossed - ballotté; jet, au pile ou face, tirage au sort, pile ou face
palmated - palmée
antlers - des bois; bois, andouiller
branching - la ramification; (branch); branche, rameau, affluent, filiale
embracing - embrasser; étreindre, embrasser, embrasser, accolade
tips - des conseils; bout, pointe
burned - brulé; bruler
vicious - rench: t-needed r, vicieux
From the bull's side, just forward of the flank, protruded a feathered arrow-end, which accounted for his savageness. Guided by that instinct which came from the old hunting days of the primordial world, Buck proceeded to cut the bull out from the herd. It was no slight task. He would bark and dance about in front of the bull, just out of reach of the great antlers and of the terrible splay hoofs which could have stamped his life out with a single blow.
protruded - en saillie; dépasser, saillir
feathered - a plumes; plume, fanon, mettre en drapeau, emplumer, fr
arrow - fleche; fleche, fleche
accounted - comptabilisée; compte
herd - troupeau; troupeau
Slight - insignifiant, léger
hoofs - sabots; sabot
Unable to turn his back on the fanged danger and go on, the bull would be driven into paroxysms of rage. At such moments he charged Buck, who retreated craftily, luring him on by a simulated inability to escape. But when he was thus separated from his fellows, two or three of the younger bulls would charge back upon Buck and enable the wounded bull to rejoin the herd.
driven into - dans lequel il a été conduit
luring - le leurre; attrait
simulated - simulé; simuler, fr
separated - séparée; séparé, séparée, séparé, séparée, séparer, séparer
bulls - des taureaux; taureau, mâle
enable - autoriser, permettre, activer
rejoin - rejoins, rejoignons, rejoignez, rejoignent
There is a patience of the wild-dogged, tireless, persistent as life itself-that holds motionless for endless hours the spider in its web, the snake in its coils, the panther in its ambuscade; this patience belongs peculiarly to life when it hunts its living food; and it belonged to Buck as he clung to the flank of the herd, retarding its march, irritating the young bulls, worrying the cows with their half-grown calves, and driving the wounded bull mad with helpless rage.
persistent - persistante; ; persistant, tenace
spider - araignée
web - réseau, panier, poche, âme, âme (de rail), palmure, bobine
Panther - panthere; ; panthere noire, panthere
ambuscade - embuscade, embusquer
belongs - appartient; appartenir a
peculiarly - de façon particuliere
hunts - chasse; chasser, chercher, chasse
clung to - a laquelle il s'est accroché
retarding - retarder; retard, retardé, attardé
worrying - inquiétant; lancinant; (worry); inquiéter, harceler, souci
calves - veaux; veler, mettre bas, aider le velage, mettre bas
For half a day this continued. Buck multiplied himself, attacking from all sides, enveloping the herd in a whirlwind of menace, cutting out his victim as fast as it could rejoin its mates, wearing out the patience of creatures preyed upon, which is a lesser patience than that of creatures preying.
multiplied - multipliée; multiplier
all sides - de tous les côtés
enveloping - enveloppant; envelopper
cutting out - a couper
lesser - moins (de), inférieur (a)
preying - en proie; butin, prise, proie
As the day wore along and the sun dropped to its bed in the northwest (the Darkness had come back and the fall nights were six hours long), the young bulls retraced their steps more and more reluctantly to the aid of their beset leader. The down-coming winter was harrying them on to the lower levels, and it seemed they could never shake off this tireless creature that held them back.
Darkness had come - Les ténebres sont arrivées
aid - l'aide; aider, aide, assister, secourir
harrying - harcelement; harceler, tourmenter
levels - niveaux; plat, a ras, au meme niveau, constant, niveau, niveau
Besides, it was not the life of the herd, or of the young bulls, that was threatened. The life of only one member was demanded, which was a remoter interest than their lives, and in the end they were content to pay the toll.
remoter - remoter; distant, éloigné, télécommande
Toll - le péage; péage
As twilight fell the old bull stood with lowered head, watching his mates-the cows he had known, the calves he had fathered, the bulls he had mastered-as they shambled on at a rapid pace through the fading light.
lowered - abaissé; (s'')assombrir
pace - rythme; pas
fading - s'estomper; déteignant; (fad); mode, lubie
He could not follow, for before his nose leaped the merciless fanged terror that would not let him go. Three hundredweight more than half a ton he weighed; he had lived a long, strong life, full of fight and struggle, and at the end he faced death at the teeth of a creature whose head did not reach beyond his great knuckled knees.
hundredweight - poids cent; ; quintal
knuckled - poings fermés; articulation du doigt, articulation
From then on, night and day, Buck never left his prey, never gave it a moment's rest, never permitted it to browse the leaves of trees or the shoots of young birch and willow. Nor did he give the wounded bull opportunity to slake his burning thirst in the slender trickling streams they crossed. Often, in desperation, he burst into long stretches of flight.
permitted - autorisé; permettre
browse - feuilleter, parcourir, regarder, naviguer, brouter
shoots - des prises de vue; tirer
willow - le saule; ; saule
slake - se faufiler
thirst - soif, avoir soif, désirer
trickling - au compte-gouttes; (trickle); filet, dégoulinade
desperation - le désespoir; ; désespoir
At such times Buck did not attempt to stay him, but loped easily at his heels, satisfied with the way the game was played, lying down when the moose stood still, attacking him fiercely when he strove to eat or drink.
loped - loped; courir en bondissant
satisfied - satisfaits; satisfaire
The great head drooped more and more under its tree of horns, and the shambling trot grew weak and weaker. He took to standing for long periods, with nose to the ground and dejected ears dropped limply; and Buck found more time in which to get water for himself and in which to rest. At such moments, panting with red lolling tongue and with eyes fixed upon the big bull, it appeared to Buck that a change was coming over the face of things. He could feel a new stir in the land. As the moose were coming into the land, other kinds of life were coming in. Forest and stream and air seemed palpitant with their presence. The news of it was borne in upon him, not by sight, or sound, or smell, but by some other and subtler sense.
drooped - s'est affaissée; tomber, s'affaisser, bec
horns - des cornes; corne, corne, cor, klaxon, cuivres-p
shambling - shambling; (shamble) shambling
trot - trot; trotter
weaker - plus faible; faible, débile, faible
coming over - Vous venez
palpitant - palpitant
borne - porté; supporter
by sight - a vue
subtler - plus subtil; subtil, délicat, astucieux
He heard nothing, saw nothing, yet knew that the land was somehow different; that through it strange things were afoot and ranging; and he resolved to investigate after he had finished the business in hand.
somehow - d'une maniere ou d'une autre
At last, at the end of the fourth day, he pulled the great moose down.
For a day and a night he remained by the kill, eating and sleeping, turn and turn about. Then, rested, refreshed and strong, he turned his face toward camp and John Thornton. He broke into the long easy lope, and went on, hour after hour, never at loss for the tangled way, heading straight home through strange country with a certitude of direction that put man and his magnetic needle to shame.
turn about - faire demi-tour
refreshed - rafraîchie; revigorer, rafraîchir
Loss - perte; perte, déperdition, perdition, déchet, coulage
certitude - certitude
magnetic - magnétique; ; magnétique
needle - aiguille, saphir, coudre, taquiner, monter
shame - la honte; honte, vergogne
As he held on he became more and more conscious of the new stir in the land. There was life abroad in it different from the life which had been there throughout the summer. No longer was this fact borne in upon him in some subtle, mysterious way. The birds talked of it, the squirrels chattered about it, the very breeze whispered of it. Several times he stopped and drew in the fresh morning air in great sniffs, reading a message which made him leap on with greater speed.
abroad - a l'étranger; ; a l'étranger, de tous côtés
subtle - subtile; ; subtil, délicat, astucieux
chattered - bavardé; jacasser, bavarder
breeze - brise; brise
sniffs - renifle; renifler, sniffer
He was oppressed with a sense of calamity happening, if it were not calamity already happened; and as he crossed the last watershed and dropped down into the valley toward camp, he proceeded with greater caution.
Three miles away he came upon a fresh trail that sent his neck hair rippling and bristling, It led straight toward camp and John Thornton. Buck hurried on, swiftly and stealthily, every nerve straining and tense, alert to the multitudinous details which told a story-all but the end. His nose gave him a varying description of the passage of the life on the heels of which he was travelling. He remarked the pregnant silence of the forest. The bird life had flitted.
stealthily - furtivement
multitudinous - multitudinaire
varying - varier; varier, varier, varier
pregnant - enceinte; pleine, enceinte
flitted - flotté; voltiger, voleter, papillonner, virevolter
The squirrels were in hiding. One only he saw,-a sleek gray fellow, flattened against a gray dead limb so that he seemed a part of it, a woody excrescence upon the wood itself.
sleek - élégant; ; brillant, luisant, lisse, lisse
flattened - aplatie; aplatir
woody - ligneuxse, ligneux
excrescence - exces, excroissance
As Buck slid along with the obscureness of a gliding shadow, his nose was jerked suddenly to the side as though a positive force had gripped and pulled it. He followed the new scent into a thicket and found Nig. He was lying on his side, dead where he had dragged himself, an arrow protruding, head and feathers, from either side of his body.
slid - glissée; (slide); glisser, déraper, toboggan, glissoire
obscureness - obscurité
gliding - le vol a voile; ; vol a voile; (glide); glisser, planer
thicket - fourré, maquis
protruding - en saillie; dépasser, saillir
feathers - plumes; plume, fanon, mettre en drapeau, emplumer, fr
A hundred yards farther on, Buck came upon one of the sled-dogs Thornton had bought in Dawson. This dog was thrashing about in a death-struggle, directly on the trail, and Buck passed around him without stopping. From the camp came the faint sound of many voices, rising and falling in a sing-song chant. Bellying forward to the edge of the clearing, he found Hans, lying on his face, feathered with arrows like a porcupine.
death-struggle - (death-struggle) lutte pour la mort
Bellying - le ventre; (belly); ventre
clearing - le défrichage; ; clarification, clairiere; (clear); clair
arrows - fleches; fleche
porcupine - porc-épic
At the same instant Buck peered out where the spruce-bough lodge had been and saw what made his hair leap straight up on his neck and shoulders. A gust of overpowering rage swept over him. He did not know that he growled, but he growled aloud with a terrible ferocity. For the last time in his life he allowed passion to usurp cunning and reason, and it was because of his great love for John Thornton that he lost his head.
gust - rafale; rafale
overpowering - surpuissant; soumettre
usurp - usurper
The Yeehats were dancing about the wreckage of the spruce-bough lodge when they heard a fearful roaring and saw rushing upon them an animal the like of which they had never seen before. It was Buck, a live hurricane of fury, hurling himself upon them in a frenzy to destroy. He sprang at the foremost man (it was the chief of the Yeehats), ripping the throat wide open till the rent jugular spouted a fountain of blood. He did not pause to worry the victim, but ripped in passing, with the next bound tearing wide the throat of a second man. There was no withstanding him. He plunged about in their very midst, tearing, rending, destroying, in constant and terrific motion which defied the arrows they discharged at him.
hurricane - ouragan; ouragan
hurling - hurling; (hurl); projeter, débecter, débecqueter
foremost - avant tout
ripping - déchirer; (se) déchirer
spouted - craché; bec verseur, jet, souffle, jaillir, palabrer
worry - s'inquiéter; ; inquiéter, harceler, souci, angoisse
withstanding - malgré tout; résister
destroying - détruisant; détruire, euthanasier
terrific - formidable, fantastique
motion - mouvement, motion
In fact, so inconceivably rapid were his movements, and so closely were the Indians tangled together, that they shot one another with the arrows; and one young hunter, hurling a spear at Buck in mid air, drove it through the chest of another hunter with such force that the point broke through the skin of the back and stood out beyond. Then a panic seized the Yeehats, and they fled in terror to the woods, proclaiming as they fled the advent of the Evil Spirit.
inconceivably - inconcevable
Indians - les indiens; indien, amérindien, indien, Indien, Indienne
Hunter - hunter; chasseur, chien de chasse, cheval de chasse, chercheur
spear - lance; javelot
proclaiming - proclamer; proclamer, déclarer, proclamer
advent - l'avenement; ; arrivée
And truly Buck was the Fiend incarnate, raging at their heels and dragging them down like deer as they raced through the trees. It was a fateful day for the Yeehats. They scattered far and wide over the country, and it was not till a week later that the last of the survivors gathered together in a lower valley and counted their losses. As for Buck, wearying of the pursuit, he returned to the desolated camp. He found Pete where he had been killed in his blankets in the first moment of surprise.
incarnate - incarné; incarné
deer - cerf, chevreuil
fateful - fatidique
not till - pas avant
survivors - survivants; survivant, survivante, rescapé, rescapée
counted - compté; comte
losses - pertes; perte
wearying - lassant; las, las, lasser, lasser
pursuit - poursuite
desolated - désolés; ravager, désoler
Thornton's desperate struggle was fresh-written on the earth, and Buck scented every detail of it down to the edge of a deep pool. By the edge, head and fore feet in the water, lay Skeet, faithful to the last. The pool itself, muddy and discolored from the sluice boxes, effectually hid what it contained, and it contained John Thornton; for Buck followed his trace into the water, from which no trace led away.
Muddy - morne
sluice - sas d'entrée; ; écluse
effectually - efficacement
contained - contenu; contenir, contenir, contenir, contenir
All day Buck brooded by the pool or roamed restlessly about the camp. Death, as a cessation of movement, as a passing out and away from the lives of the living, he knew, and he knew John Thornton was dead. It left a great void in him, somewhat akin to hunger, but a void which ached and ached, and which food could not fill, At times, when he paused to contemplate the carcasses of the Yeehats, he forgot the pain of it; and at such times he was aware of a great pride in himself,-a pride greater than any he had yet experienced.
cessation - l'arret; ; cessation
void - vide; vide, vacuum
paused - en pause; pauser, pause
contemplate - envisager, étudier, contempler
carcasses - carcasses; carcasse, cadavre
He had killed man, the noblest game of all, and he had killed in the face of the law of club and fang. He sniffed the bodies curiously. They had died so easily. It was harder to kill a husky dog than them. They were no match at all, were it not for their arrows and spears and clubs. Thenceforward he would be unafraid of them except when they bore in their hands their arrows, spears, and clubs.
noblest - le plus noble; noble, aristocrate, noble, aristocratique
match - match; s'entremettre, match, allumette, concorder
spears - lances; lance
Thenceforward - a l'avenir
Night came on, and a full moon rose high over the trees into the sky, lighting the land till it lay bathed in ghostly day. And with the coming of the night, brooding and mourning by the pool, Buck became alive to a stirring of the new life in the forest other than that which the Yeehats had made, He stood up, listening and scenting. From far away drifted a faint, sharp yelp, followed by a chorus of similar sharp yelps. As the moments passed the yelps grew closer and louder.
full moon - la pleine lune
brooding - couvant; ; méditatif; (brood); couvée, couver, protéger
mourning - le deuil; ; deuil; (mourn); déplorer, porter le deuil
drifted - a la dérive; dérive, dériver, errer, dévier
yelps - glapissements; japper
louder - plus fort; fort
Again Buck knew them as things heard in that other world which persisted in his memory. He walked to the centre of the open space and listened. It was the call, the many-noted call, sounding more luringly and compellingly than ever before. And as never before, he was ready to obey. John Thornton was dead. The last tie was broken. Man and the claims of man no longer bound him.
memory - mémoire, souvenir
luringly - de maniere séduisante
compellingly - de maniere convaincante
obey - obéir, obtempérer
tie - cravate; cravate, accolage, amarrer, liaison
Hunting their living meat, as the Yeehats were hunting it, on the flanks of the migrating moose, the wolf pack had at last crossed over from the land of streams and timber and invaded Buck's valley. Into the clearing where the moonlight streamed, they poured in a silvery flood; and in the centre of the clearing stood Buck, motionless as a statue, waiting their coming. They were awed, so still and large he stood, and a moment's pause fell, till the boldest one leaped straight for him.
migrating - migrer; migrer
invaded - envahi; envahir, envahir, envahir
poured in - versée
statue - statue
awed - impressionné; crainte, révérence, admiration
boldest - le plus audacieux; hardi, audacieux
Like a flash Buck struck, breaking the neck. Then he stood, without movement, as before, the stricken wolf rolling in agony behind him. Three others tried it in sharp succession; and one after the other they drew back, streaming blood from slashed throats or shoulders.
as before - comme avant
rolling in - en train de rouler
This was sufficient to fling the whole pack forward, pell-mell, crowded together, blocked and confused by its eagerness to pull down the prey. Buck's marvellous quickness and agility stood him in good stead. Pivoting on his hind legs, and snapping and gashing, he was everywhere at once, presenting a front which was apparently unbroken so swiftly did he whirl and guard from side to side. But to prevent them from getting behind him, he was forced back, down past the pool and into the creek bed, till he brought up against a high gravel bank.
mell - mell
crowded - encombré; foule
blocked - bloqué; bloc
confused - confus; rendre perplexe, confondre, confondre
pull down - tirer vers le bas
marvellous - merveilleux
quickness - la rapidité; ; rapidité
agility - l'agilité; ; agilité
stead - tion
gashing - le lavage a la brosse; entaille, balafre
whirl - tourbillon; ; tourbillonner
prevent - prévenir; ; empecher
He worked along to a right angle in the bank which the men had made in the course of mining, and in this angle he came to bay, protected on three sides and with nothing to do but face the front.
right angle - le bon angle
mining - l'exploitation miniere; ; extraction miniere
And so well did he face it, that at the end of half an hour the wolves drew back discomfited. The tongues of all were out and lolling, the white fangs showing cruelly white in the moonlight. Some were lying down with heads raised and ears pricked forward; others stood on their feet, watching him; and still others were lapping water from the pool.
discomfited - déconcerté; déconfire
cruelly - cruellement
pricked - piqué; piquer, percer
lapping - le rodage; (lap) le rodage
One wolf, long and lean and gray, advanced cautiously, in a friendly manner, and Buck recognized the wild brother with whom he had run for a night and a day. He was whining softly, and, as Buck whined, they touched noses.
cautiously - avec prudence; ; précautionneusement
Then an old wolf, gaunt and battle-scarred, came forward. Buck writhed his lips into the preliminary of a snarl, but sniffed noses with him, Whereupon the old wolf sat down, pointed nose at the moon, and broke out the long wolf howl. The others sat down and howled. And now the call came to Buck in unmistakable accents. He, too, sat down and howled.
preliminary - préliminaire
accents - des accents; accent
This over, he came out of his angle and the pack crowded around him, sniffing in half-friendly, half-savage manner. The leaders lifted the yelp of the pack and sprang away into the woods. The wolves swung in behind, yelping in chorus. And Buck ran with them, side by side with the wild brother, yelping as he ran.
leaders - dirigeants; chef, leader, dirigeant
side with - du côté de
And here may well end the story of Buck.
The years were not many when the Yeehats noted a change in the breed of timber wolves; for some were seen with splashes of brown on head and muzzle, and with a rift of white centring down the chest. But more remarkable than this, the Yeehats tell of a Ghost Dog that runs at the head of the pack. They are afraid of this Ghost Dog, for it has cunning greater than they, stealing from their camps in fierce winters, robbing their traps, slaying their dogs, and defying their bravest hunters.
splashes - des éclaboussures; plouf, bruit, éclaboussure, éclabousser
rift - faille; fissure, fente
more remarkable - plus remarquable
ghost - fantôme, spectre, esprit, revenant
stealing from - a voler
camps - camps; camp(ement)
robbing - vol; voler, dévaliser
traps - des pieges; piege
slaying - massacre; (slay) massacre
defying - défier; défier, désobéir a
bravest - le plus courageux; courageux
hunters - chasseurs; chasseur, chien de chasse, cheval de chasse
Nay, the tale grows worse. Hunters there are who fail to return to the camp, and hunters there have been whom their tribesmen found with throats slashed cruelly open and with wolf prints about them in the snow greater than the prints of any wolf. Each fall, when the Yeehats follow the movement of the moose, there is a certain valley which they never enter.
Nay - nay; ou plutôt, voire, que dis-je
fail - échouer; faillent, échouer, faillons, taper a côté, échouer
tribesmen - des tribus; membre de la tribu
prints - empreintes; imprimer, imprimé, empreinte, estampe
enter - entrer, rench: t-needed r, taper, saisir
And women there are who become sad when the word goes over the fire of how the Evil Spirit came to select that valley for an abiding-place.
select - sélect, choisir, sélectionner
abiding - en vie; (abide); endurer, tolérer, supporter, souffrir, rester
In the summers there is one visitor, however, to that valley, of which the Yeehats do not know. It is a great, gloriously coated wolf, like, and yet unlike, all other wolves.
gloriously - glorieusement
He crosses alone from the smiling timber land and comes down into an open space among the trees. Here a yellow stream flows from rotted moose-hide sacks and sinks into the ground, with long grasses growing through it and vegetable mould overrunning it and hiding its yellow from the sun; and here he muses for a time, howling once, long and mournfully, ere he departs.
crosses - croisements; croix, croix, croix, croix, signe de croix
flows - flux; couler
sinks - coule; couler, s'enfoncer, couler, évier, lavabo
growing through - en train de grandir
overrunning - le dépassement; exceder
muses - muses; muse, Muse
departs - s'en va; partir, s’en aller, dévier, quitter
But he is not always alone. When the long winter nights come on and the wolves follow their meat into the lower valleys, he may be seen running at the head of the pack through the pale moonlight or glimmering borealis, leaping gigantic above his fellows, his great throat a-bellow as he sings a song of the younger world, which is the song of the pack.
the pale - les pâles
glimmering - scintillant; (glimmer); lueur, émettre une lueur
bellow - souffler; ; mugir, beugler