wild - selvaggio, selvatico

Jack - Gianni, Giacomo, Giacobbe, Jacopo, Iago

Chapter I. Into the Primitive

Chapter - capitolo

primitive - primitivo

"Old longings nomadic leap,

longings - desiderio

nomadic - nomade

leap - saltare

Chafing at custom's chain;

chafing - surriscaldamento, abrasione, escoriazione, irritazione, collera

custom - usanza, costume, uso, personalizzato, fatto ad hoc

chain - catena, incatenare, concatenare

Again from its brumal sleep

brumal - brumale. invernale, boreale

Wakens the ferine strain."

Wakens - svegliarsi

ferine - ordine del giorno

strain - sforzare, sforzarsi, tirare

Buck did not read the newspapers, or he would have known that trouble was brewing, not alone for himself, but for every tide-water dog, strong of muscle and with warm, long hair, from Puget Sound to San Diego.

Buck - maschio (di cervo, daino, camoscio, coniglio, caprone, leprotto)

trouble - guaio, problema, impiccio, tumulto

brewing - produzione di birra

alone - da solo, soltanto

tide - marea

muscle - muscolo

Because men, groping in the Arctic darkness, had found a yellow metal, and because steamship and transportation companies were booming the find, thousands of men were rushing into the Northland. These men wanted dogs, and the dogs they wanted were heavy dogs, with strong muscles by which to toil, and furry coats to protect them from the frost.

groping - tastare, palpeggiare, palpare

Arctic - artico, Artide

darkness - buio, oscurita, tenebre, scuro

metal - metallo

Steamship - nave a vapore, piroscafo

transportation - trasporto, deportazione, mezzo, vettura

booming - boom

rushing - correre

heavy - pesante

muscles - muscolo

toil - lavoro, fatica, disputa, tenzone, litigio

furry - furry

protect - proteggere

frost - brina, gelata, gelo, checkgalaverna, checkgelo, brinare

Buck lived at a big house in the sun-kissed Santa Clara Valley. Judge Miller's place, it was called. It stood back from the road, half hidden among the trees, through which glimpses could be caught of the wide cool veranda that ran around its four sides. The house was approached by gravelled driveways which wound about through wide-spreading lawns and under the interlacing boughs of tall poplars.

kissed - baciare

Valley - valle

judge - giudicare

miller - Molinaro

stood back - stare indietro, ritirarsi, allontanarsi

hidden - nascondere, nascondersi

among - tra, fra, in mezzo a

glimpses - occhiata, scorcio, intravedere

be caught - essere catturato

wide - largo, ampio, vasto, laterale

veranda - veranda

sides - lato

approached - avvicinarsi

gravelled - ghiaia, calcolo, agghiaiare

driveways - vialetto

wound - ferita

spreading - diffondersi, (spread), spartire, allargare, spargere

lawns - prato

interlacing - interlacciamento

boughs - ramo

poplars - pioppo

At the rear things were on even a more spacious scale than at the front. There were great stables, where a dozen grooms and boys held forth, rows of vine-clad servants'cottages, an endless and orderly array of outhouses, long grape arbors, green pastures, orchards, and berry patches.

rear - retro, retrovia

spacious - spazioso

scale - scala, gradazione

stables - stabile

dozen - dozzina, centinaio

grooms - stalliere

held - tenere

forth - avanti

rows - fila

vine - vite, vitigno, rampicante

clad - vestito, (clothe), vestire

servants - servo, servitore, domestico, famiglio

cottages - casolare, rustico

endless - interminabile, senza fine, infinito

orderly - ordinato, metodico, sistematico, attendente

array - abbigliamento, agghindamento, schieramento, combinato, gamma

outhouses - gabinetto esterno, latrina, cesso alla turca

grape - uva, chicco d'uva

arbors - perno

pastures - pastura, pascolo, pascolare

orchards - frutteto, albero da frutto

berry - bacca

patches - toppa

Then there was the pumping plant for the artesian well, and the big cement tank where Judge Miller's boys took their morning plunge and kept cool in the hot afternoon.

pumping - pompa

artesian - artesiano

cement - cemento, adesivo, cementare, consolidare

tank - serbatoio, tanica

plunge - tuffarsi

kept cool - mantenere la sangue fredda

And over this great demesne Buck ruled. Here he was born, and here he had lived the four years of his life. It was true, there were other dogs, There could not but be other dogs on so vast a place, but they did not count.

demesne - dominio

vast - ampio, vasto, esteso, grande

count - conte

They came and went, resided in the populous kennels, or lived obscurely in the recesses of the house after the fashion of Toots, the Japanese pug, or Ysabel, the Mexican hairless,-strange creatures that rarely put nose out of doors or set foot to ground.

resided - residuo

populous - popoloso, popolosa

kennels - (casotto con cuccia)

obscurely - oscuramente

recesses - incavo, pausa, ferie, ricreazione

fashion - moda, voga, stile, maniera, modo, tendenza, fabbricare

Japanese - giapponese, nipponico

pug - carlino

Mexican - messicano

hairless - senza peli

strange - strano, anormale

creatures - creatura

rarely - raramente

out of doors - spazio aperto

set - Seth

ground - terra

On the other hand, there were the fox terriers, a score of them at least, who yelped fearful promises at Toots and Ysabel looking out of the windows at them and protected by a legion of housemaids armed with brooms and mops.

fox - volpe, ingannare, lasciare perplesso

terriers - terrier

score - punteggio, risultato, ventina, 20 libbre, spartito, dovuto

yelped - guaire

fearful - impaurito, spaventato, pavido

promises - promessa, giuramento, voto, promettere, giurare

protected - proteggere

legion - legione

housemaids - domestica

brooms - scopa

mops - lavapavimenti, spazzolone, scopino, zazzera, lavare, ripulire

But Buck was neither house-dog nor kennel-dog. The whole realm was his.

neither - nessuno, né X né Y, neanche, nemmeno, neppure, manco

nor - neanche, nemmeno

kennel - (casotto con cuccia)

realm - reame, regno, dominio, sfera

He plunged into the swimming tank or went hunting with the Judge's sons; he escorted Mollie and Alice, the Judge's daughters, on long twilight or early morning rambles; on wintry nights he lay at the Judge's feet before the roaring library fire; he carried the Judge's grandsons on his back, or rolled them in the grass, and guarded their footsteps through wild adventures down to the fountain in the stable yard, and even beyond, where the paddocks were, and the berry patches. Among the terriers he stalked imperiously, and Toots and Ysabel he utterly ignored, for he was king,-king over all creeping, crawling, flying things of Judge Miller's place, humans included.

plunged - tuffarsi

hunting - caccia, (hunt), cacciare, essere a caccia, essere alla ricerca

escorted - scorta, scortare

twilight - crepuscolo, penombra

rambles - vagare

wintry - invernale

lay - posare

roaring - ruggente, (roar), ruggire, sganasciarsi dalle risate

grandsons - nipote

rolled - rotolo

grass - erba, tgraminacea, prato, spia, delatore, pentito

guarded - guardia, piantone, custode, elsa

Footsteps - impronta, pedata, orma, passo, gradino

adventures - avventure

fountain - fontana

stable - stabile

Yard - iarda

beyond - oltre, (al) di la di, dall'altra parte di, piu di, dopo

paddocks - paddock, recinto

stalked - gambo, stelo

imperiously - imperiosamente

utterly - completamente

ignored - ignorare

king - re

creeping - abbarbicarsi, insinuarsi, strisciare, scorrimento, spostamento

crawling - gattonare

humans - umano

His father, Elmo, a huge St. Bernard, had been the Judge's inseparable companion, and Buck bid fair to follow in the way of his father. He was not so large,-he weighed only one hundred and forty pounds,-for his mother, Shep, had been a Scotch shepherd dog.

huge - enorme, gigante

St. Bernard - San Bernardo

inseparable - inseparabile

companion - amico, compagno

bid - offrire, fare un'offerta

fair - biondo, chiaro

weighed - pesare

Scotch - scozzesi

shepherd dog - cane da pastore

Nevertheless, one hundred and forty pounds, to which was added the dignity that comes of good living and universal respect, enabled him to carry himself in right royal fashion.

nevertheless - nondimeno, tuttavia, eppure, nonostante

dignity - dignita

good living - vivere bene

universal - universale

respect - rispetto, riguardo, materia, rispettare

enabled - permettere, attivare, abilitare

Royal - reale, regale

During the four years since his puppyhood he had lived the life of a sated aristocrat; he had a fine pride in himself, was even a trifle egotistical, as country gentlemen sometimes become because of their insular situation. But he had saved himself by not becoming a mere pampered house-dog.

Since - da allora, a partire da, da quando, poiché, giacché, dacché

puppyhood - cucciolo

sated - sazio

aristocrat - aristocratico, aristocratica

pride - superbia, orgoglio, essere orgoglioso

trifle - zuppa inglese, un tantino, un po', bagattella, briciola

egotistical - egoista

gentlemen - gentiluomo, galantuomo, signore, signor

insular - insulare, isolano, limitato, ristretto, di corte vedute

saved - salvare, soccorrere, redimere, immagazzinare, risparmiare

mere - semplice, solo

pampered - coccolare

Hunting and kindred outdoor delights had kept down the fat and hardened his muscles; and to him, as to the cold-tubbing races, the love of water had been a tonic and a health preserver.

kindred - affine

outdoor - all'aperto

delights - delizia, piacere, deliziare

hardened - indurire

tubbing - tubature

races - corsa, gara

tonic - (acqua tonica)

preserver - preservare

And this was the manner of dog Buck was in the fall of 1897, when the Klondike strike dragged men from all the world into the frozen North. But Buck did not read the newspapers, and he did not know that Manuel, one of the gardener's helpers, was an undesirable acquaintance. Manuel had one besetting sin. He loved to play Chinese lottery.

manner - maniera, modo

strike - cancellare, colpire, coniare, scioperare, sembrare, arrendersi, sciopero

dragged - trascinare, tirare

frozen - gelare

gardener - giardiniere, giardiniera

helpers - aiutante, assistente, supporto, apprendista

undesirable - indesiderabile

acquaintance - conoscenza

besetting - circondare, assediare, assaltare, incastonare, incagliare

sin - peccato

Chinese - cinese, cinesi

lottery - lotteria

Also, in his gambling, he had one besetting weakness-faith in a system; and this made his damnation certain. For to play a system requires money, while the wages of a gardener's helper do not lap over the needs of a wife and numerous progeny.

gambling - giochi d'azzardo

weakness - debolezza, cagionevolezza, fievolezza, punto debole

Faith - fede, fiducia

system - sistema

damnation - dannazione

Certain - certo, sicuro, tale, determinato

requires - esigere, prevedere, richiedere, necessitare, domandare

wages - intraprendere

helper - aiutante, assistente, supporto, apprendista

lap - leccare

numerous - numeroso

progeny - progenie

The Judge was at a meeting of the Raisin Growers'Association, and the boys were busy organizing an athletic club, on the memorable night of Manuel's treachery. No one saw him and Buck go off through the orchard on what Buck imagined was merely a stroll. And with the exception of a solitary man, no one saw them arrive at the little flag station known as College Park.

raisin - uvetta, uva passa, uva secca

Growers - coltivatore

Association - associazione

organizing - organizzare

athletic - atletico, sportivo

memorable - memorabile

treachery - tradimento, slealta, inganno

orchard - frutteto, albero da frutto

merely - soltanto, solamente, meramente, semplicemente

stroll - passeggiata, camminata, passeggiare, andare a spasso, girovagare

exception - eccezione

solitary - solitario

flag - bandiera

This man talked with Manuel, and money chinked between them.

chinked - fessura

"You might wrap up the goods before you deliver 'm," the stranger said gruffly, and Manuel doubled a piece of stout rope around Buck's neck under the collar.

wrap up - avvolgere, vestire in modo caldo

deliver - consegnare

Stranger - Straniero

gruffly - in modo burbero

doubled - doppio, doppia, sosia, doppione, doppiare

stout - solido

rope - corda

neck - collo

collar - bavero, bavera, collo, colletto, collare

"Twist it, an'you'll choke 'm plentee," said Manuel, and the stranger grunted a ready affirmative.

twist - torsione, contorsione, distorsione, filamento, filo, scorza

choke - soffocare

plentee - ordine del giorno

grunted - grugnito, grugnire

affirmative - affermativo

Buck had accepted the rope with quiet dignity. To be sure, it was an unwonted performance: but he had learned to trust in men he knew, and to give them credit for a wisdom that outreached his own. But when the ends of the rope were placed in the stranger's hands, he growled menacingly. He had merely intimated his displeasure, in his pride believing that to intimate was to command.

accepted - accettare, ammettere

unwonted - insolito

performance - esecuzione, prestazione, rendimento, esibizione

trust - fiducia, confidenza, speranza, credito, affidabilita, trust

credit - avvalorare, convalidare, corroborare, accreditare

wisdom - saggezza, senno, discernimento, criterio

outreached - sensibilizzazione, estensione, esagerare

growled - ringhio, brontolio, ringhiare

menacingly - minacciosamente

intimated - stretto, intimo, privato, proprio, personale

displeasure - scontentezza

Command - comando, ordine, padronanza, maestria, perizia, ordinare

But to his surprise the rope tightened around his neck, shutting off his breath. In quick rage he sprang at the man, who met him halfway, grappled him close by the throat, and with a deft twist threw him over on his back. Then the rope tightened mercilessly, while Buck struggled in a fury, his tongue lolling out of his mouth and his great chest panting futilely.

surprise - sorpresa, stupire, sorprendere, meravigliare

tightened - stringere

shutting - chiudere

breath - respiro, lena, alito, fiato

rage - rabbia, furia, furore, infuriare, imperversare

halfway - a meta strada

grappled - lottare con

throat - gola

deft - abile, solerte

threw - gettare, lanciare

mercilessly - senza pieta

struggled - lotta, lottare

fury - furia, furore

tongue - lingua, linguetta

lolling - (stare rilassato)

chest - petto

panting - ansimare

futilely - inutilmente

Never in all his life had he been so vilely treated, and never in all his life had he been so angry. But his strength ebbed, his eyes glazed, and he knew nothing when the train was flagged and the two men threw him into the baggage car.

vilely - vilmente

treated - trattare, trattenimento, festeggiamento, sorpresa

strength - forza, vigore, energia, intensita, efficacia

ebbed - riflusso

glazed - gelicidio, velatura

flagged - bandiera

baggage car - il bagagliaio

The next he knew, he was dimly aware that his tongue was hurting and that he was being jolted along in some kind of a conveyance. The hoarse shriek of a locomotive whistling a crossing told him where he was. He had travelled too often with the Judge not to know the sensation of riding in a baggage car. He opened his eyes, and into them came the unbridled anger of a kidnapped king.

dimly - in modo debole

aware - all'erta, consapevole, conscio, checkconsapevole

hurting - dolere, fare male, ferire, ferito

jolted - sballottare, sbalzellare, sobbalzare, scuotere, squassare

along - lungo

Conveyance - Trasporto

hoarse - fioco

shriek - gridare, strillare

locomotive - locomotiva, motrice, locomotivo

whistling - fischiare, (whistle), fischietto, fischio, checkfischio

Crossing - incrocio, traversata, (cross), croce, segno della croce, cross, diagonale, irritato

sensation - sensazione, senso, impressione

baggage - bagaglio

unbridled - sfrenare

anger - ira, rabbia, collera

kidnapped - rapire, sequestrare, sequestro, rapimento

The man sprang for his throat, but Buck was too quick for him. His jaws closed on the hand, nor did they relax till his senses were choked out of him once more.

jaws - mascella, mandibola

senses - senso, coscienza, sensazione, significato, tocco

choked - soffocare

"Yep, has fits," the man said, hiding his mangled hand from the baggageman, who had been attracted by the sounds of struggle. "I'm takin''m up for the boss to 'Frisco. A crack dog-doctor there thinks that he can cure 'm."

Yep - gia

fits - in forma*

hiding - nascondersi

mangled - fracassare

baggageman - bagaglino

attracted - attirare, attrarre, sedurre, affascinare

Struggle - lotta, lottare

takin - prendere

boss - capo, padrone

crack - rompersi, incrinarsi

cure - curare, guarire

Concerning that night's ride, the man spoke most eloquently for himself, in a little shed back of a saloon on the San Francisco water front.

concerning - interesse, preoccupazione, impresa, interessare

eloquently - eloquentemente

shed - capannone, rimessa

saloon - sala

"All I get is fifty for it," he grumbled; "an'I wouldn't do it over for a thousand, cold cash."

grumbled - protestare, borbottare, checkbrontolare, checkronzare

cash - contante

His hand was wrapped in a bloody handkerchief, and the right trouser leg was ripped from knee to ankle.

wrapped - avvolgere

bloody - sanguinosa

handkerchief - fazzoletto

trouser - pantaloni

ripped - strappare

ankle - caviglia

"How much did the other mug get?" the saloon-keeper demanded.

mug - tazza

keeper - portiere

demanded - domanda, richiesta, rivendicazione, bisogno, necessita

"A hundred," was the reply. "Wouldn't take a sou less, so help me."

reply - rispondere, replicare, ripetere, risposta, replica

"That makes a hundred and fifty," the saloon-keeper calculated; "and he's worth it, or I'm a squarehead."

calculated - calcolare

worth - valore

squarehead - testa quadrata

The kidnapper undid the bloody wrappings and looked at his lacerated hand. "If I don't get the hydrophoby-"

kidnapper - rapitore

undid - disfare

wrappings - avvolgimento

lacerated - lacerazione

hydrophoby - idrofobo

"It'll be because you was born to hang," laughed the saloon-keeper. "Here, lend me a hand before you pull your freight," he added.

hang - appendere, attaccare

lend - prestare

pull - tirare

freight - carico, merce

Dazed, suffering intolerable pain from throat and tongue, with the life half throttled out of him, Buck attempted to face his tormentors. But he was thrown down and choked repeatedly, till they succeeded in filing the heavy brass collar from off his neck. Then the rope was removed, and he was flung into a cagelike crate.

dazed - trasognamento, stordire

suffering - sofferenza, (suffer), soffrire, penare, patire, aggravarsi

intolerable - intollerabile, insopportabile

pain - dolore

throttled - (valvola di regolazione)

attempted - tentare, cercare, provare, attentare, tentativo

tormentors - tormentatore

thrown down - gettato giu

repeatedly - ripetutamente

succeeded - succedere, riuscire

filing - limatura, polvere, archiviazione

brass - ottone, di ottone

removed - rimuovere, asportare, levare, togliere

flung - lanciare

cagelike - simile a una gabbia

crate - cesto

There he lay for the remainder of the weary night, nursing his wrath and wounded pride. He could not understand what it all meant. What did they want with him, these strange men? Why were they keeping him pent up in this narrow crate? He did not know why, but he felt oppressed by the vague sense of impending calamity.

remainder - rimanenza, avanzo, restante, residuo

weary - annoiato, tediato, spossato, stanco, annoiare, annoiarsi

wrath - furore, collera, ira

wounded - ferita

narrow - stretto

oppressed - opprimere

vague - vago

sense - senso, coscienza, sensazione, significato, tocco

impending - about to happen

calamity - calamita

Several times during the night he sprang to his feet when the shed door rattled open, expecting to see the Judge, or the boys at least. But each time it was the bulging face of the saloon-keeper that peered in at him by the sickly light of a tallow candle. And each time the joyful bark that trembled in Buck's throat was twisted into a savage growl.

several - diversi, vari

rattled - far tintinnare/sbatacchiare

expecting - in attesa, (expect), aspettarsi, pensare

bulging - sporgenza, protuberanza, rigonfiamento, sporgere

peered - Pari

sickly - malaticcio

tallow candle - candela di sego

joyful - gioioso, lieto, allegro, felice

bark - abbaio, latrato

trembled - tremare, tremolare, tremore

twisted - torsione, contorsione, distorsione, filamento, filo, scorza

savage - selvaggio, primitivo, brutale, crudele, feroce, impietoso

growl - ringhio, brontolio, ringhiare

But the saloon-keeper let him alone, and in the morning four men entered and picked up the crate. More tormentors, Buck decided, for they were evil-looking creatures, ragged and unkempt; and he stormed and raged at them through the bars. They only laughed and poked sticks at him, which he promptly assailed with his teeth till he realized that that was what they wanted.

entered - entrare, immettere, digitare

picked - piccone, stuzzicadenti, scelta, barriera, prendere, raccogliere, scegliere

evil - cattivo, maligno

ragged - stracciato

unkempt - scompigliato

stormed - tempesta, bufera

raged - rabbia, furia, furore, infuriare, imperversare

bars - barra, tavoletta, sbarra

poked - cacciare, dare un colpetto

sticks - mettere, infilare

promptly - prontamente

assailed - assalire

realized - realizzare, rendersi conto, accorgersi, fruttare, liquidare

Whereupon he lay down sullenly and allowed the crate to be lifted into a wagon. Then he, and the crate in which he was imprisoned, began a passage through many hands.

sullenly - con malinconia

allowed - lasciare, permettere, concedere, consentire

lifted - alzare, sollevare

wagon - carro

imprisoned - imprigionare, incarcerare

passage - passaggio

Clerks in the express office took charge of him; he was carted about in another wagon; a truck carried him, with an assortment of boxes and parcels, upon a ferry steamer; he was trucked off the steamer into a great railway depot, and finally he was deposited in an express car.

clerks - impiegato

express - esprimere

charge - costo, prezzo, carico, accusa, imputazione, carica, incarico

carted - carta

assortment - assortimento, varieta

parcels - pacchetto, plico, lotto, parcella, impacchettare

upon - su, a

ferry - traghetto

steamer - vapore

trucked - camion

Railway - binario, rotaia, strada ferrata, ferrovia

depot - deposito, magazzino, rimessa, deposito ferroviario

finally - finalmente, alla fine, per concludere, infine, definitivamente

deposited - deposito, caparra, acconto, sedimento

For two days and nights this express car was dragged along at the tail of shrieking locomotives; and for two days and nights Buck neither ate nor drank. In his anger he had met the first advances of the express messengers with growls, and they had retaliated by teasing him. When he flung himself against the bars, quivering and frothing, they laughed at him and taunted him.

tail - coda

shrieking - gridare

locomotives - locomotiva, motrice, locomotivo

advances - avanzare, progredire, anticipare, migliorare, avvicinarsi

Messengers - messaggero, corriere

growls - ringhio, brontolio, ringhiare

retaliated - vendicarsi

teasing - stuzzicare

against - contrario, contro, in cambio di

quivering - tremare, tremolare

frothing - schiuma, fuffa, aria fritta, frescaccia, schiumare, spumeggiare

laughed at - deriso

taunted - deridere, tormentare

They growled and barked like detestable dogs, mewed, and flapped their arms and crowed. It was all very silly, he knew; but therefore the more outrage to his dignity, and his anger waxed and waxed. He did not mind the hunger so much, but the lack of water caused him severe suffering and fanned his wrath to fever-pitch.

barked - abbaio, latrato

detestable - detestabile

mewed - miagolare

flapped - lembo

crowed - corvo

silly - sciocco

therefore - dunque, quindi, percio, pertanto

outrage - oltraggio, sdegno, indignazione, oltraggiare

waxed - cerume

mind - mente

hunger - fame

lack - mancare di

caused - causa, provocare, causare, produrre, ottenere

severe - rigido, duro, grave, severo

fanned - ventaglio

fever - febbre

pitch - piantare, fissare

For that matter, high-strung and finely sensitive, the ill treatment had flung him into a fever, which was fed by the inflammation of his parched and swollen throat and tongue.

matter - materia, problema, argomento, questione, faccenda, causa

strung - spago, stringa, laccetto, legaccio, corda

finely - finemente

sensitive - ricettivo, sensibile, delicato

ill - malato

treatment - trattamento, cura

fed - alimentato

inflammation - infiammazione

parched - inaridire, riardere

swollen - gonfiare, gonfiarsi, aumentare

He was glad for one thing: the rope was off his neck. That had given them an unfair advantage; but now that it was off, he would show them. They would never get another rope around his neck. Upon that he was resolved. For two days and nights he neither ate nor drank, and during those two days and nights of torment, he accumulated a fund of wrath that boded ill for whoever first fell foul of him.

Glad - contento, felice

unfair - scorretto, sleale, ingiusto

advantage - vantaggio, beneficio

resolved - decidere

those - quelle, quei, quegli

torment - cruccio, tormento, tarlo, tormentare, martoriare

accumulated - accumularsi

fund - fondo, finanziare

boded - far presagire

Whoever - chiunque

foul - cattivo

His eyes turned blood-shot, and he was metamorphosed into a raging fiend. So changed was he that the Judge himself would not have recognized him; and the express messengers breathed with relief when they bundled him off the train at Seattle.

blood - sangue

shot - colpo

metamorphosed - metamorfosi

raging - rabbia, furia, furore, infuriare, imperversare

fiend - demonio

recognized - riconoscere

breathed - respirare

relief - sollievo

bundled - insieme, fascina, fascio, pacchetto, fagotto

Seattle - city in Washington state, USA

Four men gingerly carried the crate from the wagon into a small, high-walled back yard. A stout man, with a red sweater that sagged generously at the neck, came out and signed the book for the driver. That was the man, Buck divined, the next tormentor, and he hurled himself savagely against the bars. The man smiled grimly, and brought a hatchet and a club.

gingerly - cautamente

sagged - cedere, incurvarsi

generously - generosamente

signed - segno

divined - divino

tormentor - tormentatore

hurled - lanciare, tirare, slanciare, vomitare, rimettere

savagely - selvaggiamente

smiled - sorriso, sorridere

grimly - cupamente

hatchet - accetta

"You ain't going to take him out now?" the driver asked.

ain - E

"Sure," the man replied, driving the hatchet into the crate for a pry.

replied - rispondere, replicare, ripetere, risposta, replica

pry - curiosare, spiare

There was an instantaneous scattering of the four men who had carried it in, and from safe perches on top the wall they prepared to watch the performance.

instantaneous - istantaneo

scattering - dispersione, (scatter), disperdere, disperdersi, sparpagliare

safe - sicuro, protetto, cassaforte

perches - trespolo

top - cima, sommita, coperchio, cappuccio, parte superiore, top

Buck rushed at the splintering wood, sinking his teeth into it, surging and wrestling with it. Wherever the hatchet fell on the outside, he was there on the inside, snarling and growling, as furiously anxious to get out as the man in the red sweater was calmly intent on getting him out.

rushed - precipitarsi, portare d'urgenza

splintering - scheggia

wood - legno

sinking - affondamento, naufragio, (sink), affondare

surging - in aumento

wrestling - lotta libera, lotta

wherever - dovunque, ovunque 'followed by the subjunctive', dappertutto

inside - interno, dentro, dall'interno, checkriservato

snarling - ringhiando

growling - ringhiare, (growl), ringhio, brontolio

furiously - furiosamente

anxious - ansioso, preoccupante, bramoso, impaziente

calmly - con calma

intent on - essere motivato a fare qualcosa

"Now, you red-eyed devil," he said, when he had made an opening sufficient for the passage of Buck's body. At the same time he dropped the hatchet and shifted the club to his right hand.

devil - diavolo

sufficient - appropriato, sufficiente, idoneo, adeguato, congruo

dropped - goccia

shifted - cambio, turno, mutamento, spostamento, scambiare, permutare

And Buck was truly a red-eyed devil, as he drew himself together for the spring, hair bristling, mouth foaming, a mad glitter in his blood-shot eyes. Straight at the man he launched his one hundred and forty pounds of fury, surcharged with the pent passion of two days and nights.

truly - accuratamente, veramente, molto

bristling - pelo ispido, barba corta ispida, setola, setole

foaming - schiumare, (foam), schiuma, gomma piuma

mad - pazzo, folle, matto, insano

glitter - glitter, brillantini

straight - dritto, retto, diretto, liscio, puro, in linea, convenzionale

launched - lanciare, mettere in acqua*

surcharged - sovrapprezzo, sovraprezzo, sovrattassa

passion - passione

In mid air, just as his jaws were about to close on the man, he received a shock that checked his body and brought his teeth together with an agonizing clip. He whirled over, fetching the ground on his back and side. He had never been struck by a club in his life, and did not understand. With a snarl that was part bark and more scream he was again on his feet and launched into the air.

mid - medio, mezzo

received - ricevere

shock - shock, choc

agonizing - agonizzare

clip - tagliare, tosare

whirled - turbinare, piroettare, roteare

fetching - andare a prendere, portare

side - lato

struck - cancellare, colpire, coniare, scioperare, sembrare, arrendersi, sciopero

snarl - ringhiare

scream - urlo, grido, gridare, sbraitare, urlare

And again the shock came and he was brought crushingly to the ground. This time he was aware that it was the club, but his madness knew no caution. A dozen times he charged, and as often the club broke the charge and smashed him down.

crushingly - in modo schiacciante

madness - pazzia, follia, checkpazzia, insanita

caution - cautela, prudenza

charged - costo, prezzo, carico, accusa, imputazione, carica, incarico

smashed - smash, frantumare, frantumarsi, polverizzare

After a particularly fierce blow, he crawled to his feet, too dazed to rush. He staggered limply about, the blood flowing from nose and mouth and ears, his beautiful coat sprayed and flecked with bloody slaver. Then the man advanced and deliberately dealt him a frightful blow on the nose. All the pain he had endured was as nothing compared with the exquisite agony of this.

particularly - in particolare, estremamente

fierce - feroce, risoluto

blow - colpo

crawled - strisciare, trascinarsi

rush - precipitarsi, portare d'urgenza

staggered - barcollare

limply - in modo zoppicante

flowing - fluire

sprayed - spray, spruzzo, (getto vaporizzato)

flecked - puntino, macchiolina

slaver - schiavista

advanced - avanzare, progredire, anticipare, migliorare, avvicinarsi

deliberately - intenzionalmente, deliberatamente, per partito preso

dealt - accordo

frightful - spaventoso

endured - durare, restare, resistere, perdurare, tollerare

exquisite - squisito, delizioso

agony - dolore, agonia, parossismo

With a roar that was almost lionlike in its ferocity, he again hurled himself at the man. But the man, shifting the club from right to left, coolly caught him by the under jaw, at the same time wrenching downward and backward. Buck described a complete circle in the air, and half of another, then crashed to the ground on his head and chest.

roar - ruggire, sganasciarsi dalle risate

almost - quasi

lionlike - leonina

ferocity - ferocia

shifting - spostamento, (shift), cambio, turno, mutamento

coolly - freddamente

caught - presa, conquista, fermaglio, fermaglio di sicurezza, trappola

jaw - mascella, mandibola

wrenching - strappare

downward - verso il basso

backward - indietro, retromarcia, riluttante, antiquato, fuori moda

circle - cerchio, disco, sfera, curva, circolo, gruppo, cenacolo

crashed - frastuono

For the last time he rushed. The man struck the shrewd blow he had purposely withheld for so long, and Buck crumpled up and went down, knocked utterly senseless.

Last - ultimo

shrewd - perspicace, sagace, scaltro, astuto

purposely - apposta

withheld - trattenere

crumpled - spiegazzarsi

knocked - colpo, botta, botto, autocombustione, bussare

senseless - svenuto, senza capo né coda

"He's no slouch at dog-breakin', that's wot I say," one of the men on the wall cried enthusiastically.

slouch - stravaccarsi, (camminare dinoccolato)

breakin - rottura

wot - Cosa

cried - piangere, gridare, urlare, pianto, urlo, verso

enthusiastically - entusiasticamente

"Druther break cayuses any day, and twice on Sundays," was the reply of the driver, as he climbed on the wagon and started the horses.

Buck's senses came back to him, but not his strength. He lay where he had fallen, and from there he watched the man in the red sweater.

"'Answers to the name of Buck,'" the man soliloquized, quoting from the saloon-keeper's letter which had announced the consignment of the crate and contents. "Well, Buck, my boy," he went on in a genial voice, "we've had our little ruction, and the best thing we can do is to let it go at that. You've learned your place, and I know mine. Be a good dog and all 'll go well and the goose hang high.

soliloquized - soliloquio

quoting - citazione, virgolette, preventivo, aliquota, citare, riferire

announced - annunciare, segnalare, pronunciare

consignment - consegna

Contents - contento, soddisfatto

genial - cordiale

voice - voce

ve - ordine del giorno

ruction - roduzione

mine - mio, mia, mie, miei

goose - oca, papero

Be a bad dog, and I'll whale the stuffin'outa you. Understand?"

whale - balena

stuffin - ripieno

outa - ordine del giorno

As he spoke he fearlessly patted the head he had so mercilessly pounded, and though Buck's hair involuntarily bristled at touch of the hand, he endured it without protest. When the man brought him water he drank eagerly, and later bolted a generous meal of raw meat, chunk by chunk, from the man's hand.

fearlessly - senza paura

patted - colpetto, buffetto

though - comunque, nonostante, in ogni caso, ad ogni modo, anche se

involuntarily - involontariamente

bristled - pelo ispido, barba corta ispida, setola, setole

touch - toccare, commuovere, tocco, tatto

protest - protestare, protesta

eagerly - impazientemente

bolted - catenaccio

generous - magnanimo, generoso, abbondante

raw - crudo, grezzo, non raffinatato, naturale, aperta, vergine

chunk - pezzo, tocco

He was beaten (he knew that); but he was not broken. He saw, once for all, that he stood No chance against a man with a club. He had learned the lesson, and in all his after life he never forgot it. That club was a revelation. It was his introduction to the reign of primitive law, and he met the introduction halfway.

beaten - colpire, percuotere

once for all - una volta per tutte

No chance - Nessuna possibilita

revelation - rivelazione

introduction - introduzione

reign - regno, regnare

law - legge

The facts of life took on a fiercer aspect; and while he faced that aspect uncowed, he faced it with all the latent cunning of his nature aroused. As the days went by, other dogs came, in crates and at the ends of ropes, some docilely, and some raging and roaring as he had come; and, one and all, he watched them pass under the dominion of the man in the red sweater.

fiercer - feroce, risoluto

aspect - aspetto

uncowed - non votato

latent - latente

cunning - furbo

nature - natura

aroused - eccitare, provocare, stimolare, suscitare

crates - cesto

ropes - corda

docilely - docilmente

raging - straccio

pass - passare

dominion - dominio

Again and again, as he looked at each brutal performance, the lesson was driven home to Buck: a man with a club was a lawgiver, a master to be obeyed, though not necessarily conciliated. Of this last Buck was never guilty, though he did see beaten dogs that fawned upon the man, and wagged their tails, and licked his hand.

brutal - brutale

lawgiver - legislatore

Master - padrone

obeyed - obbedire, ubbidire, assolvere, conformarsi

necessarily - necessariamente, a tutti i costi, di riffa o di raffa

conciliated - conciliare

guilty - colpevole

fawned - daino, cerbiatto

wagged - scodinzolare, marinare la scuola, scodinzolio

tails - coda

licked - leccare

Also he saw one dog, that would neither conciliate nor obey, finally killed in the struggle for mastery.

conciliate - conciliare

obey - obbedire, ubbidire, assolvere, conformarsi

killed - uccidere

mastery - padronanza, maestria

Now and again men came, strangers, who talked excitedly, wheedlingly, and in all kinds of fashions to the man in the red sweater. And at such times that money passed between them the strangers took one or more of the dogs away with them. Buck wondered where they went, for they never came back; but the fear of the future was strong upon him, and he was glad each time when he was not selected.

strangers - estraneo

excitedly - con entusiasmo

wheedlingly - in modo affannoso

fashions - moda, voga, stile, maniera, modo, tendenza, fabbricare

such - tale

passed - passare

wondered - meraviglia, domandarsi, chiedersi

fear - paura

selected - scegliere, selezionare

Yet his time came, in the end, in the form of a little weazened man who spat broken English and many strange and uncouth exclamations which Buck could not understand.

spat - sputato

uncouth - strano, goffo, rozzo, grossolano, grezzo, squasinodeo

exclamations - esclamazione

"Sacredam!" he cried, when his eyes lit upon Buck. "Dat one dam bully dog! Eh? How moch?"

dam - barriera, diga

bully - bullo

eh - eh

moch - ordine del giorno

"Three hundred, and a present at that," was the prompt reply of the man in the red sweater. "And seem'it's government money, you ain't got no kick coming, eh, Perrault?"

present at - presente a

prompt - pronto, disponibile, puntuale, promemoria, segnale, avvertimento

Seem - sembrare, parere, apparire

government - governo

kick - calciare, prendere a calci

Perrault grinned. Considering that the price of dogs had been boomed skyward by the unwonted demand, it was not an unfair sum for so fine an animal. The Canadian Government would be no loser, nor would its despatches travel the slower. Perrault knew dogs, and when he looked at Buck he knew that he was one in a thousand-"One in ten t'ousand," he commented mentally.

grinned - sogghignare

considering - considerando

boomed - boom

skyward - verso il cielo

demand - domanda, richiesta, rivendicazione, bisogno, necessita

sum - somma

Canadian - Canadese

Government - governo, reggenza, controllo

loser - perdente, sfigato, fallito

despatches - spedizione

ousand - migliaia di euro

commented - commento

mentally - mentalmente

Buck saw money pass between them, and was not surprised when Curly, a good-natured Newfoundland, and he were led away by the little weazened man. That was the last he saw of the man in the red sweater, and as Curly and he looked at receding Seattle from the deck of the Narwhal, it was the last he saw of the warm Southland.

surprised - sorpresa, stupire, sorprendere, meravigliare

curly - arricciato, riccioluto

good-natured - (good-natured) di buon carattere

Newfoundland - Terranova, cane di Terranova

led - LED

receding - recedere

deck - ponte (di una nave), insieme (matematico), mazzo (di carte)

Narwhal - narvalo

Curly and he were taken below by Perrault and turned over to a black-faced giant called Francois. Perrault was a French-Canadian, and swarthy; but Francois was a French-Canadian half-breed, and twice as swarthy. They were a new kind of men to Buck (of which he was destined to see many more), and while he developed no affection for them, he none the less grew honestly to respect them.

turned over - girato, messo in moto

giant - gigante, colosso

French - francese

swarthy - bruno

breed - allevare, riprodursi, razza

destined - destino

developed - sviluppare, accrescere, avanzare, approfondire, creare

affection - affetto

none - nessuno, niente

honestly - onestamente

He speedily learned that Perrault and Francois were fair men, calm and impartial in administering justice, and too wise in the way of dogs to be fooled by dogs.

speedily - rapidamente

Calm - calmo

impartial - imparziale

administering - amministrare

justice - giustizia

wise - saggio

fooled - stolto, buffone, giullare, pagliaccio, buffone di corte, matto

In the 'tween-decks of the Narwhal, Buck and Curly joined two other dogs. One of them was a big, snow-white fellow from Spitzbergen who had been brought away by a whaling captain, and who had later accompanied a Geological Survey into the Barrens.

tween - ordine del giorno

decks - ponte

Snow-White - (Snow-White) Biancaneve

fellow - uomo, tipo

whaling - caccia alla balena

captain - capitano, capitano di vascello

accompanied - accompagnare

survey - sondaggio, inchiesta, indagine, ricognizione

Barrens - sterile, infertile, infruttifero, desolato

He was friendly, in a treacherous sort of way, smiling into one's face the while he meditated some underhand trick, as, for instance, when he stole from Buck's food at the first meal. As Buck sprang to punish him, the lash of Francois's whip sang through the air, reaching the culprit first; and nothing remained to Buck but to recover the bone.

treacherous - traditore, sleale, infido

sort - sorta, tipo

smiling - sorridere, (smile), sorriso

meditated - meditare, filosofare, riflettere

underhand - subdolo, sfuggente, viscido, subdolamente, sottobanco

trick - trucco, imbrogliare

instance - volta

stole from - rubare

punish - punire, castigare

lash - ciglio

whip - frusta, nerbo, sferza, sferzare, flagellare

reaching - arrivare a, raggiungere

culprit - colpevole, reo

remained - stare, restare, rimanere

recover - rimettersi, riprendersi

bone - osso, lisca, spina

That was fair of Francois, he decided, and the half-breed began his rise in Buck's estimation.

rise - aumentare, alzarsi, crescere

estimation - stima

The other dog made no advances, nor received any; also, he did not attempt to steal from the newcomers. He was a gloomy, morose fellow, and he showed Curly plainly that all he desired was to be left alone, and further, that there would be trouble if he were not left alone.

attempt - tentare, cercare, provare, attentare, tentativo

steal - rubare, derubare, fregare, accattivarsi, appropriarsi

newcomers - nuovo arrivato, esordiente, debuttante

gloomy - tetro, uggioso, cupo, lugubre

morose - cupo, imbronciato

plainly - a chiare note

desired - desiderare, volere, desiderio, voglia

further - ulteriore, ulteriormente

"Dave" he was called, and he ate and slept, or yawned between times, and took interest in nothing, not even when the Narwhal crossed Queen Charlotte Sound and rolled and pitched and bucked like a thing possessed. When Buck and Curly grew excited, half wild with fear, he raised his head as though annoyed, favored them with an incurious glance, yawned, and went to sleep again.

yawned - sbadigliare, sbadiglio

crossed - croce, segno della croce, incrocio, cross, diagonale, irritato

Queen - regina, donna, checca, ape regina, gatta, incoronare

Charlotte - Carlotta

pitched - piantare, fissare

bucked - maschio (di cervo, daino, camoscio, coniglio, caprone, leprotto)

possessed - possiede

raised - alzare, innalzare

annoyed - infastidirsi, infastidire, importunare, disturbare

favored - favore, bomboniera, preferire, privilegiare, fare un favore

incurious - incuriosito

glance - dare un'occhiata, sbirciare, occhieggiare, radere, rasentare

Day and night the ship throbbed to the tireless pulse of the propeller, and though one day was very like another, it was apparent to Buck that the weather was steadily growing colder. At last, one morning, the propeller was quiet, and the Narwhal was pervaded with an atmosphere of excitement. He felt it, as did the other dogs, and knew that a change was at hand.

ship - nave

throbbed - battere, picchiare, pulsare, battito, palpito, pulsazione

tireless - instancabile

pulse - polso

propeller - elica, propulsore (ad elica)

apparent - apparente, visibile, evidente, chiaro

steadily - costantemente

pervaded - pervadere

atmosphere - atmosfera

excitement - eccitamento, orgasmo, fregola

Francois leashed them and brought them on deck. At the first step upon the cold surface, Buck's feet sank into a white mushy something very like mud. He sprang back with a snort. More of this white stuff was falling through the air. He shook himself, but more of it fell upon him. He sniffed it curiously, then licked some up on his tongue. It bit like fire, and the next instant was gone.

leashed - guinzaglio

deck - ponte

step - passo

surface - superficie, venire a galla, emergere

sank - affondare

mushy - molliccio

mud - fango

snort - sbuffare, sniffare

stuff - cose, roba, tessuto, stoffa, roba (1), checkcose (2), farcire

shook - scossa, (shake), scuotere, agitare, scuotere la testa

sniffed - annusare, fiutare, odorare, snasare, sniffare, tirare

curiously - curiosamente

bit - morso

instant - immediato

This puzzled him. He tried it again, with the same result. The onlookers laughed uproariously, and he felt ashamed, he knew not why, for it was his first snow.

puzzled - mistero, rompicapo, indovinello, rendere perplesso

onlookers - spettatore, spettatrice

uproariously - in modo esilarante

felt ashamed - vergognarsi

Chapter II. The Law of Club and Fang

Fang - zanna

Buck's first day on the Dyea beach was like a nightmare. Every hour was filled with shock and surprise. He had been suddenly jerked from the heart of civilization and flung into the heart of things primordial. No lazy, sun-kissed life was this, with nothing to do but loaf and be bored. Here was neither peace, nor rest, nor a moment's safety.

nightmare - incubo, brutto sogno

suddenly - all'improvviso, improvvisamente

jerked - scossa, sobbalzo

heart - cuore

civilization - civilta, civilizzazione

primordial - primordiale

lazy - pigro

loaf - pagnotta

be bored - annoiarsi

peace - pace, armonia

rest - riposo

safety - sicurezza

All was confusion and action, and every moment life and limb were in peril. There was imperative need to be constantly alert; for these dogs and men were not town dogs and men. They were savages, all of them, who knew no law but the law of club and fang.

confusion - confusione, disordine, disorientamento, sbandamento

limb - membro, arto

peril - periglio, pericolo

imperative - imperativo, necessario, necessaria

constantly - ininterrottamente, costantemente, continuamente, senza sosta

alert - sveglio, pronto

savages - selvaggio, primitivo, brutale, crudele, feroce, impietoso

He had never seen dogs fight as these wolfish creatures fought, and his first experience taught him an unforgetable lesson. It is true, it was a vicarious experience, else he would not have lived to profit by it. Curly was the victim. They were camped near the log store, where she, in her friendly way, made advances to a husky dog the size of a full-grown wolf, though not half so large as she.

fight - lottare, battersi

wolfish - lupoide

fought - lottare, battersi

Experience - esperienza, esperire

unforgetable - indimenticabile

vicarious - vicaria

profit - profitto, lucro, profit, guadagno

victim - vittima

camped - accampamento, campeggio

log - ceppo, ciocco

store - magazzino, deposito, scorta, immagazzinare, registrare

husky - rauco

size - dimensioni

There was no warning, only a leap in like a flash, a metallic clip of teeth, a leap out equally swift, and Curly's face was ripped open from eye to jaw.

warning - avvertimento, monito, (warn), avvertire, avvisare

flash - lampo

metallic - metallico

equally - altrettanto, parimenti

swift - rapido, veloce, pronto, agile

It was the wolf manner of fighting, to strike and leap away; but there was more to it than this. Thirty or forty huskies ran to the spot and surrounded the combatants in an intent and silent circle. Buck did not comprehend that silent intentness, nor the eager way with which they were licking their chops. Curly rushed her antagonist, who struck again and leaped aside.

wolf - lupo, donnaiolo, divorare

fighting - lotta

huskies - rauco

spot - macchia, brufolo, foruncolo, zona, area, pubblicita, individuare

surrounded - circondare, accerchiare, assediare

combatants - combattente

silent - silenzioso, muto, silente, tranquillo, silenzio

comprehend - comprendere, capire

intentness - intenzionalita

eager - desideroso

licking - leccata, leccate

chops - tagliare, fare a pezzi

antagonist - antagonista, oppositore, avversario, concorrente

leaped - saltare

aside - a parte, in disparte

He met her next rush with his chest, in a peculiar fashion that tumbled her off her feet. She never regained them, This was what the onlooking huskies had waited for. They closed in upon her, snarling and yelping, and she was buried, screaming with agony, beneath the bristling mass of bodies.

peculiar - strano, peculiare, particolare

tumbled - caduta, tombola, cadere, precipitare, rovinare

regained - riprendere, riappropriarsi, recuperare, riguadagnare

onlooking - guardare

yelping - guaire

buried - seppellire

screaming - urlo, grido, gridare, sbraitare, urlare

beneath - sotto

mass - massa

So sudden was it, and so unexpected, that Buck was taken aback. He saw Spitz run out his scarlet tongue in a way he had of laughing; and he saw Francois, swinging an axe, spring into the mess of dogs. Three men with clubs were helping him to scatter them. It did not take long. Two minutes from the time Curly went down, the last of her assailants were clubbed off.

sudden - improvviso, improvvisa

unexpected - inaspettato, insperato, inatteso, improvviso

taken aback - disorientato, confuso

Spitz - Any of several Nordic breeds of dog such as the Pomeranian or Samoyed

scarlet - scarlatto

swinging - oscillare, (swing), ondeggiare, altalenare

axe - ascia

mess - confusione, disordine

Scatter - disperdere, disperdersi, sparpagliare, cospargere, deflettere

assailants - assalitore, aggressore

But she lay there limp and lifeless in the bloody, trampled snow, almost literally torn to pieces, the swart half-breed standing over her and cursing horribly. The scene often came back to Buck to trouble him in his sleep. So that was the way. No fair play. Once down, that was the end of you. Well, he would see to it that he never went down.

limp - moscio, molle

lifeless - senza vita

trampled - calpestare, offendere, urtare, maltrattare

literally - letteralmente

torn - lacrima

cursing - bestemmiare

horribly - orribilmente

scene - scena

fair play - fair play

see to - vedere, occuparsi

Spitz ran out his tongue and laughed again, and from that moment Buck hated him with a bitter and deathless hatred.

Bitter - amaro, aspro

deathless - senza morte

hatred - odio, risentimento

Before he had recovered from the shock caused by the tragic passing of Curly, he received another shock. Francois fastened upon him an arrangement of straps and buckles. It was a harness, such as he had seen the grooms put on the horses at home.

recovered - rimettersi, riprendersi

tragic - tragico

passing - talian: t-needed

fastened - chiudere, fissare, attaccare

arrangement - arrangiamento, sistemazione, incontro, composizione

straps - cinghia, cinturino, correggia, reggetta

buckles - fibbia, fermaglio

harness - braca, imbragatura, imbrago, imbracatura, imbracare

And as he had seen horses work, so he was set to work, hauling Francois on a sled to the forest that fringed the valley, and returning with a load of firewood. Though his dignity was sorely hurt by thus being made a draught animal, he was too wise to rebel. He buckled down with a will and did his best, though it was all new and strange.

hauling - tirare

sled - slitta

forest - bosco, selva, foresta

fringed - frangia, periferia, radicale, teatro, marginale

load - carico

firewood - legna, legna da ardere

sorely - dolorosamente

hurt - dolere, fare male, ferire, ferito

thus - cosi

draught animal - animale da tiro

rebel - ribelle

buckled - fibbia, fermaglio

Francois was stern, demanding instant obedience, and by virtue of his whip receiving instant obedience; while Dave, who was an experienced wheeler, nipped Buck's hind quarters whenever he was in error.

stern - severo

demanding - domanda, richiesta, rivendicazione, bisogno, necessita

obedience - obbedienza

virtue - virtu, merito

receiving - ricevere

experienced - esperienza, esperire

wheeler - ruota

nipped - pizzicare, pungere, mordere

hind - cerva

whenever - ogni volta che

error - errore, sbaglio, vizio, mostrare un errore, mostrare errori

Spitz was the leader, likewise experienced, and while he could not always get at Buck, he growled sharp reproof now and again, or cunningly threw his weight in the traces to jerk Buck into the way he should go. Buck learned easily, and under the combined tuition of his two mates and Francois made remarkable progress.

leader - capo, duce

likewise - ugualmente, similarmente, altrettanto, idem

sharp - affilato, aguzzo, intelligente, acuto, appuntito, diesis, acre

reproof - rimprovero

cunningly - volpinamente, abilmente, furbescamente

weight - peso, appesantire, gravare, ponderare

traces - traccia

jerk - scossa, sobbalzo

easily - tranquillamente, facilmente, agevolmente

combined - combinare, mischiare, abbinare, unire, kombinat, combinat

tuition - retta

mates - accoppiarsi

remarkable - notevole, degno di nota, rimarchevole, ragguardevole

progress - progresso

Ere they returned to camp he knew enough to stop at "ho," to go ahead at "mush," to swing wide on the bends, and to keep clear of the wheeler when the loaded sled shot downhill at their heels.

ere - qui

Camp - accampamento, campeggio

ahead - avanti, anticipatamente, al futuro, anzitempo, antecedentemente

mush - poltiglia

swing - oscillare, ondeggiare, altalenare, dondolare, altalena

the bends - curve, malattia da decompressione

clear - trasparente, limpido, pulito, chiaro, nitido

loaded - carico

downhill - in discesa, discesa libera

heels - calcagno, tallone

"T'ree vair'good dogs," Francois told Perrault. "Dat Buck, heem pool lak hell. I tich heem queek as anyt'ing."

vair - vaio

heem - ordine del giorno

hell - inferno

queek - ordine del giorno

anyt - qualsiasi cosa

By afternoon, Perrault, who was in a hurry to be on the trail with his despatches, returned with two more dogs. "Billee" and "Joe" he called them, two brothers, and true huskies both. Sons of the one mother though they were, they were as different as day and night.

hurry - fretta, premura, furia, affrettarsi, precipitarsi

trail - pedinare, seguire, inseguire, trascinare, trainare

Joe - Pino, Peppe, Beppe, Peppino

Billee's one fault was his excessive good nature, while Joe was the very opposite, sour and introspective, with a perpetual snarl and a malignant eye. Buck received them in comradely fashion, Dave ignored them, while Spitz proceeded to thrash first one and then the other.

fault - colpa, imperfezione, sbaglio, biasimo, fessura, crepa

excessive - eccessivo

good nature - buona natura

sour - agro, inasprire, deteriorarsi, degenerare

introspective - introspettivo

perpetual - perpetuo, perenne

malignant - maligno, malevolo

comradely - cameratesco

proceeded - procedere

thrash - infierire, sferzare, percuotere, bastonare

Billee wagged his tail appeasingly, turned to run when he saw that appeasement was of no avail, and cried (still appeasingly) when Spitz's sharp teeth scored his flank.

appeasingly - in modo pacifico

appeasement - talian: t-needed

avail - (2) inutile

scored - punteggio, risultato, ventina, 20 libbre, spartito, dovuto

flank - aggirare il fianco, proteggere il fianco, fiancheggiare, affiancare, soccoscio

But no matter how Spitz circled, Joe whirled around on his heels to face him, mane bristling, ears laid back, lips writhing and snarling, jaws clipping together as fast as he could snap, and eyes diabolically gleaming-the incarnation of belligerent fear.

circled - cerchio, disco, sfera, curva, circolo, gruppo, cenacolo

mane - criniera, chioma

laid - posare

lips - labbro, beccuccio

writhing - contorcersi, (writhe)

clipping - accorciamento

snap - schiocco, scatto, rubamazzetto, sbottare

diabolically - diabolicamente

gleaming - scintillante

incarnation - incarnazione

belligerent - belligerante, bellicoso

So terrible was his appearance that Spitz was forced to forego disciplining him; but to cover his own discomfiture he turned upon the inoffensive and wailing Billee and drove him to the confines of the camp.

appearance - apparizione, comparsa, visione, apparenza, aspetto

forced - forza

forego - rinunciare

disciplining - disciplina

cover - copertura, copertina, copriletto

discomfiture - sconforto

inoffensive - inoffensivo

wailing - lamenti

confines - limitare

By evening Perrault secured another dog, an old husky, long and lean and gaunt, with a battle-scarred face and a single eye which flashed a warning of prowess that commanded respect. He was called Sol-leks, which means the Angry One. Like Dave, he asked nothing, gave nothing, expected nothing; and when he marched slowly and deliberately into their midst, even Spitz left him alone.

secured - sicuro, protetto, segreto, stabile, affidabile, garantire

lean - pendere

gaunt - smagrito, allampanato, emaciato, macilento

battle - battaglia

scarred - cicatrice

single - singolo, solo, intero, unico, single

flashed - lampo

prowess - prodezza, destrezza

commanded - comando, ordine, padronanza, maestria, perizia, ordinare

expected - aspettarsi, pensare

slowly - lentamente, piano, a rilento

midst - in mezzo a*

He had one peculiarity which Buck was unlucky enough to discover. He did not like to be approached on his blind side. Of this offence Buck was unwittingly guilty, and the first knowledge he had of his indiscretion was when Sol-leks whirled upon him and slashed his shoulder to the bone for three inches up and down.

peculiarity - peculiarita

unlucky - sfortunato

discover - scoprire, trovare

blind - cieco, orbo, tenda, accecare, ciecamente

offence - offesa

unwittingly - involontariamente, inconsapevolmente

knowledge - conoscenza, sapere

indiscretion - indiscrezione

slashed - sfregiare, squarciare

inches - pollice

Forever after Buck avoided his blind side, and to the last of their comradeship had no more trouble. His only apparent ambition, like Dave's, was to be left alone; though, as Buck was afterward to learn, each of them possessed one other and even more vital ambition.

forever - per sempre

avoided - schivare, evitare

comradeship - cameratismo

Ambition - ambizione, ambizione (1-4)

afterward - dopo

possessed - possedere, avere

more vital - piu vitale

That night Buck faced the great problem of sleeping. The tent, illumined by a candle, glowed warmly in the midst of the white plain; and when he, as a matter of course, entered it, both Perrault and Francois bombarded him with curses and cooking utensils, till he recovered from his consternation and fled ignominiously into the outer cold.

tent - tenda

illumined - illuminare

candle - candela

glowed - brillare, alone, luminescenza, luccichio, calore

warmly - con calore

plain - semplice

bombarded - bombardare

curses - maledire

utensils - utensile, stoviglia

consternation - costernazione

fled - fuggire

ignominiously - ignominiosamente

A chill wind was blowing that nipped him sharply and bit with especial venom into his wounded shoulder. He lay down on the snow and attempted to sleep, but the frost soon drove him shivering to his feet. Miserable and disconsolate, he wandered about among the many tents, only to find that one place was as cold as another.

chill - freddo

wind - vento

blowing - colpo

sharply - in modo acuto

especial - speciale

venom - veleno

shivering - rabbrividire

miserable - infelice

disconsolate - sconsolato

wandered - errare, vagare, girovagare, passeggiare

tents - tenda

Here and there savage dogs rushed upon him, but he bristled his neck-hair and snarled (for he was learning fast), and they let him go his way unmolested.

snarled - ringhiare

unmolested - indisturbato

Finally an idea came to him. He would return and see how his own team-mates were making out. To his astonishment, they had disappeared. Again he wandered about through the great camp, looking for them, and again he returned. Were they in the tent? No, that could not be, else he would not have been driven out. Then where could they possibly be?

making out - avere successo, pretendere, uscire con qualcuno

astonishment - stupore, meraviglia, sorpresa, sbigottimento

disappeared - sparire, scomparire

driven out - scacciato

Possibly - possibilmente

With drooping tail and shivering body, very forlorn indeed, he aimlessly circled the tent. Suddenly the snow gave way beneath his fore legs and he sank down. Something wriggled under his feet. He sprang back, bristling and snarling, fearful of the unseen and unknown. But a friendly little yelp reassured him, and he went back to investigate.

drooping - pendere

forlorn - abbandonato, negletto, derelitto, dimenticato, miserevole

indeed - infatti, davvero, realmente, effettivamente, gia

aimlessly - senza meta

gave way - cedere

fore - former, occurring earlier, forward, at or toward the front

wriggled - contorcersi, contorsione

unseen - non visto

unknown - ignoto, sconosciuto, carneade

yelp - guaire

reassured - rassicurare, tranquillizzare

investigate - investigare, indagare

A whiff of warm air ascended to his nostrils, and there, curled up under the snow in a snug ball, lay Billee. He whined placatingly, squirmed and wriggled to show his good will and intentions, and even ventured, as a bribe for peace, to lick Buck's face with his warm wet tongue.

whiff - folata, zaffata

ascended - salire, riuscire

nostrils - narice

curled up - raggomitolato

snug - confortevole

whined - piagnisteo, lagna, sibilo, piagnucolio

placatingly - in modo placante

squirmed - contorcersi, torcersi

good will - buona volonta

intentions - intenzione, intento

ventured - avventura, azzardo, impresa, avventurarsi, azzardare, osare

bribe - tangente, bustarella, mazzetta, offrire una tangente, corrompere

lick - leccare

wet - bagnato, impregnato, piovoso, uggioso, bagnare

Another lesson. So that was the way they did it, eh? Buck confidently selected a spot, and with much fuss and waste effort proceeded to dig a hole for himself. In a trice the heat from his body filled the confined space and he was asleep. The day had been long and arduous, and he slept soundly and comfortably, though he growled and barked and wrestled with bad dreams.

confidently - familiarmente

fuss - confusione, trambusto, daffare, rumore, baccano

waste - sprecare

effort - sforzo

dig - scavare

hole - buco

heat - calore

confined - limitare

asleep - addormentato

arduous - arduo

soundly - in modo sano e semplice

comfortably - comodamente

wrestled - lottare

dreams - sogno, sognare

Nor did he open his eyes till roused by the noises of the waking camp. At first he did not know where he was. It had snowed during the night and he was completely buried. The snow walls pressed him on every side, and a great surge of fear swept through him-the fear of the wild thing for the trap.

roused - svegliare

noises - rumore, strepito

completely - completamente, interamente, del tutto, totalmente

pressed - premere, pigiare

surge - agirarsi, sollevarsi

swept - spazzare, scopare, ramazzare, setacciare, spazzata

trap - trappola

It was a token that he was harking back through his own life to the lives of his forebears; for he was a civilized dog, an unduly civilized dog, and of his own experience knew no trap and so could not of himself fear it.

token - simbolo, segno, gettone

forebears - antenato

civilized - civilizzare

unduly - indebitamente

The muscles of his whole body contracted spasmodically and instinctively, the hair on his neck and shoulders stood on end, and with a ferocious snarl he bounded straight up into the blinding day, the snow flying about him in a flashing cloud.

contracted - contrarre

spasmodically - spasmodicamente

instinctively - istintivamente

shoulders - spalla

ferocious - feroce, efferato, abominevole, odioso

bounded - vincolato

straight up - sinceramente, seriamente, veramente, direttamente

blinding - accecante, (blind), cieco, orbo, tenda, accecare, ciecamente

flashing - lampeggiante

cloud - annuvolarsi, oscurare, annebbiare

Ere he landed on his feet, he saw the white camp spread out before him and knew where he was and remembered all that had passed from the time he went for a stroll with Manuel to the hole he had dug for himself the night before.

spread - spartire, allargare, spargere, diffondere, sparpagliare

dug - scavato

A shout from Francois hailed his appearance. "Wot I say?" the dog-driver cried to Perrault. "Dat Buck for sure learn queek as anyt'ing."

shout - grido

hailed - grandine

Perrault nodded gravely. As courier for the Canadian Government, bearing important despatches, he was anxious to secure the best dogs, and he was particularly gladdened by the possession of Buck.

nodded - annuire, accennare, scuotere, addormentarsi, appisolarsi

gravely - gravemente

courier - corriere

bearing - cuscinetto

secure - sicuro, protetto, segreto, stabile, affidabile, garantire

gladdened - rallegrare

possession - possesso

Three more huskies were added to the team inside an hour, making a total of nine, and before another quarter of an hour had passed they were in harness and swinging up the trail toward the Dyea Canon. Buck was glad to be gone, and though the work was hard he found he did not particularly despise it.

Total - totale, somma, intero

toward - verso, incontro, per, presso

Canon - canone

despise - disprezzare

He was surprised at the eagerness which animated the whole team and which was communicated to him; but still more surprising was the change wrought in Dave and Sol-leks. They were new dogs, utterly transformed by the harness. All passiveness and unconcern had dropped from them.

eagerness - desiderio

animated - animare, ravvivare

communicated - comunicare, informare, trasmettere, essere collegato

surprising - sorprendente, (surprise), sorpresa, stupire, sorprendere

transformed - trasformare, modificare, trasformarsi, trasformata

passiveness - passivita

unconcern - indifferenza

They were alert and active, anxious that the work should go well, and fiercely irritable with whatever, by delay or confusion, retarded that work. The toil of the traces seemed the supreme expression of their being, and all that they lived for and the only thing in which they took delight.

active - attivo

fiercely - trucemente, perfidamente, ferocemente, accanitamente

irritable - irritabile

whatever - qualunque, qualsiasi, qualsivoglia, come vuoi

delay - ritardare

retarded - ritardato mentale

seemed - sembrare, parere, apparire

supreme - supremo, suprema

expression - espressione

delight - delizia, piacere, deliziare

Dave was wheeler or sled dog, pulling in front of him was Buck, then came Sol-leks; the rest of the team was strung out ahead, single file, to the leader, which position was filled by Spitz.

sled dog - cane da slitta

pulling in - trascinare, accostare, guadagnare bene

file - fila

position - posizione, posto, lavoro, piazzare, posizionare

Buck had been purposely placed between Dave and Sol-leks so that he might receive instruction. Apt scholar that he was, they were equally apt teachers, never allowing him to linger long in error, and enforcing their teaching with their sharp teeth. Dave was fair and very wise. He never nipped Buck without cause, and he never failed to nip him when he stood in need of it.

receive - ricevere

instruction - istruzione, addestramento, insegnamento, tirocinio, bugiardino

apt - soggetto a, capace

scholar - studioso, erudito, dotto, accademico

allowing - lasciare, permettere, concedere, consentire

linger - indugiare, sostare, trattenersi, attardarsi

enforcing - applicare, rispettare, fare rispettare, far valere, rafforzare

cause - causa, provocare, causare, produrre, ottenere

failed - fallire, non riuscire

nip - pizzicare, pungere, mordere

As Francois's whip backed him up, Buck found it to be cheaper to mend his ways than to retaliate. Once, during a brief halt, when he got tangled in the traces and delayed the start, both Dave and Solleks flew at him and administered a sound trouncing.

mend - riparare, rammendare

retaliate - vendicarsi

brief - breve

halt - fermare, fermarsi

tangled - groviglio arruffato

delayed - ritardare

administered - amministrare

trouncing - trotterellare

The resulting tangle was even worse, but Buck took good care to keep the traces clear thereafter; and ere the day was done, so well had he mastered his work, his mates about ceased nagging him. Francois's whip snapped less frequently, and Perrault even honored Buck by lifting up his feet and carefully examining them.

tangle - groviglio arruffato

thereafter - dopodiché

mastered - padrone

ceased - cessare, arrestare, smettere, interrompere

nagging - sgridare

snapped - schiocco, scatto, rubamazzetto, sbottare

frequently - frequentemente, spesso, continuamente

honored - onore, onorare, tenere fede a

lifting - alzare, sollevare

carefully - minuziosamente, accuratamente, meticolosamente, puntigliosamente

examining - esaminare

It was a hard day's run, up the Canon, through Sheep Camp, past the Scales and the timber line, across glaciers and snowdrifts hundreds of feet deep, and over the great Chilcoot Divide, which stands between the salt water and the fresh and guards forbiddingly the sad and lonely North.

scales - scala, gradazione

timber - legname

glaciers - ghiacciaio

snowdrifts - cumulo di neve

deep - profondo, spesso, esteso, profondo (1, 2)

divide - dividere, spartire, spartirsi

salt water - acqua salata

fresh - fresco

guards - guardia, piantone, custode, elsa

forbiddingly - in modo proibitivo

lonely - solo, solitario, malinconico, desolato, isolato

They made good time down the chain of lakes which fills the craters of extinct volcanoes, and late that night pulled into the huge camp at the head of Lake Bennett, where thousands of goldseekers were building boats against the break-up of the ice in the spring.

lakes - lago

craters - cratere

extinct - estinto

volcanoes - vulcano

pulled - tirare

goldseekers - cercatori d'oro

Buck made his hole in the snow and slept the sleep of the exhausted just, but all too early was routed out in the cold darkness and harnessed with his mates to the sled.

exhausted - esaurire

routed - percorso, itinerario

harnessed - braca, imbragatura, imbrago, imbracatura, imbracare

That day they made forty miles, the trail being packed; but the next day, and for many days to follow, they broke their own trail, worked harder, and made poorer time. As a rule, Perrault travelled ahead of the team, packing the snow with webbed shoes to make it easier for them. Francois, guiding the sled at the gee-pole, sometimes exchanged places with him, but not often.

packed - fagotto, sacca

packing - imballare

webbed - rete, vela, Web

guiding - guida

gee - Perbacco!

pole - polo

exchanged - cambiare

places with - posti con

Perrault was in a hurry, and he prided himself on his knowledge of ice, which knowledge was indispensable, for the fall ice was very thin, and where there was swift water, there was no ice at all.

prided - superbia, orgoglio, essere orgoglioso

indispensable - indispensabile

Day after day, for days unending, Buck toiled in the traces. Always, they broke camp in the dark, and the first gray of dawn found them hitting the trail with fresh miles reeled off behind them. And always they pitched camp after dark, eating their bit of fish, and crawling to sleep into the snow. Buck was ravenous.

unending - interminabile

toiled - lavoro, fatica, disputa, tenzone, litigio

Gray - Grigio

dawn - spuntare, albeggiare, alba, aurora, albori

hitting - colpire, battere

reeled - barcollare

ravenous - famelico, affamato, vorace

The pound and a half of sun-dried salmon, which was his ration for each day, seemed to go nowhere. He never had enough, and suffered from perpetual hunger pangs. Yet the other dogs, because they weighed less and were born to the life, received a pound only of the fish and managed to keep in good condition.

dried - secco, asciutto, asciugarsi, trinsecchire, tessiccare

salmon - salmone

ration - annonario, razione

nowhere - da nessuna parte, in nessun posto

suffered - soffrire, penare, patire, aggravarsi, subire, lasciare

pangs - dolore, fitta, pena morso

managed - dirigere, managgiare, riuscire, arrangiarsi, maneggiare

keep in good condition - mantenere in buone condizioni

He swiftly lost the fastidiousness which had characterized his old life. A dainty eater, he found that his mates, finishing first, robbed him of his unfinished ration. There was no defending it. While he was fighting off two or three, it was disappearing down the throats of the others.

Swiftly - Rapidamente

fastidiousness - rigore

characterized - caratterizzare

dainty - grazioso

eater - mangiatore

robbed - derubare, svaligiare

unfinished - incompleto

defending - difendere, proteggere

disappearing - sparire, scomparire

throats - gola

To remedy this, he ate as fast as they; and, so greatly did hunger compel him, he was not above taking what did not belong to him. He watched and learned. When he saw Pike, one of the new dogs, a clever malingerer and thief, slyly steal a slice of bacon when Perrault's back was turned, he duplicated the performance the following day, getting away with the whole chunk.

remedy - rimedio, azione giudiziaria, medicamento, rimediare

greatly - molto, grandemente, assai, oltremodo

compel - forzare, costringere, obbligare

belong - appartenere a

Pike - luccio

clever - furbo, astuto, sveglio, scaltro

malingerer - malinger

thief - ladro, ladra, ladruncolo, borsaiolo

slyly - astutamente, furtivamente

slice - fetta, trancio, affettare, svirgolare

bacon - pancetta

duplicated - duplicato, duplicata, duplicare, doppione

getting away - scappare

A great uproar was raised, but he was unsuspected; while Dub, an awkward blunderer who was always getting caught, was punished for Buck's misdeed.

uproar - baraonda, clamore, fragore, baccano

unsuspected - insospettato

Dub - doppiare

awkward - maldestro, impacciato, goffo, imbarazzato, poco opportuno

blunderer - sprovveduto

getting caught - impigliarsi

punished - punire, castigare

misdeed - misfatto, crimine

This first theft marked Buck as fit to survive in the hostile Northland environment. It marked his adaptability, his capacity to adjust himself to changing conditions, the lack of which would have meant swift and terrible death. It marked, further, the decay or going to pieces of his moral nature, a vain thing and a handicap in the ruthless struggle for existence.

theft - furto

marked - Marco

fit - in forma*

survive - sopravvivere, durare, perdurare

hostile - ostile

environment - ambiente

adaptability - adattabilita

capacity - tenuta, resistenza, capacita, capienza

adjust - adattare, adeguare, regolare

conditions - condizione, influenzare, condizionare

Death - morte, dipartita, decesso, morire, la morte

decay - imputridire

going to pieces - andare in pezzi

moral - morale

vain - vanitoso, vanesio, vano

handicap - svantaggio, handicap

ruthless - spietato, crudele

struggle for existence - lotta per l'esistenza

It was all well enough in the Southland, under the law of love and fellowship, to respect private property and personal feelings; but in the Northland, under the law of club and fang, whoso took such things into account was a fool, and in so far as he observed them he would fail to prosper.

fellowship - fratellanza

private - personale, riservato, privato, privata

property - proprieta, beni, possesso, beni immobili

feelings - sentimenti

whoso - chi

account - conto

fool - stolto, buffone, giullare, pagliaccio, buffone di corte, matto

observed - osservare

fail - fallire

Prosper - prosperare

Not that Buck reasoned it out. He was fit, that was all, and unconsciously he accommodated himself to the new mode of life. All his days, no matter what the odds, he had never run from a fight. But the club of the man in the red sweater had beaten into him a more fundamental and primitive code.

unconsciously - inconsciamente

accommodated - alloggiare, accogliere

mode - modo, maniera

odds - spaiato, strano, strambo, dispari, caffo, occasionale

fundamental - fondamento, fondamentale

code - codice

Civilized, he could have died for a moral consideration, say the defence of Judge Miller's riding-whip; but the completeness of his decivilization was now evidenced by his ability to flee from the defence of a moral consideration and so save his hide. He did not steal for joy of it, but because of the clamor of his stomach.

consideration - considerazione

defence - difesa

riding-whip - (riding-whip) frusta da equitazione

completeness - completezza

decivilization - decivilizzazione

evidenced - prova, evidenza

ability - abilita, capacita

flee - fuggire

save - salvare, soccorrere, redimere, immagazzinare, risparmiare

hide - nascondere, nascondersi

joy - Gioia

clamor - clamore, checkclamori

stomach - stomaco, pancia, digerire, sopportare

He did not rob openly, but stole secretly and cunningly, out of respect for club and fang. In short, the things he did were done because it was easier to do them than not to do them.

rob - derubare, svaligiare

openly - apertamente, in modo aperto

Stole - Rubato, (steal), rubare, derubare, fregare, accattivarsi

secretly - di nascosto

His development (or retrogression) was rapid. His muscles became hard as iron, and he grew callous to all ordinary pain. He achieved an internal as well as external economy.

development - sviluppo, potenziamento

retrogression - retrogressione

rapid - rapido, deciso, rapida, cataratta

hard as iron - duro come il ferro

callous - cinico, insensibile, calloso

ordinary - pezza, ordinario, ordinaria

achieved - realizzare, ottenere

internal - interno, privato

external - esterno

economy - economia, risparmio

He could eat anything, no matter how loathsome or indigestible; and, once eaten, the juices of his stomach extracted the last least particle of nutriment; and his blood carried it to the farthest reaches of his body, building it into the toughest and stoutest of tissues.

loathsome - laido

indigestible - indigesto

extracted - estratto, cavare

particle - granello, pezzetto, particella

nutriment - nutrimento

Reaches - arrivare a, raggiungere

toughest - duro, coriaceo, resistente, bullo, checkduro

stoutest - solido

tissues - tessuto

Sight and scent became remarkably keen, while his hearing developed such acuteness that in his sleep he heard the faintest sound and knew whether it heralded peace or peril.

sight - vista, spettacolo, mirino, vedere, avvistare, mirare

scent - odore (1, 2), checkprofumo (3), fiutare

remarkably - in modo straordinario

keen - appassionato, desideroso

developed - svilupparsi

acuteness - acutezza

faintest - debole

whether - se, indipendentemente, sia che, che, no, checkse

heralded - araldo, messaggero

He learned to bite the ice out with his teeth when it collected between his toes; and when he was thirsty and there was a thick scum of ice over the water hole, he would break it by rearing and striking it with stiff fore legs. His most conspicuous trait was an ability to scent the wind and forecast it a night in advance.

bite - mordere, morsicare, abboccare, pungere, morso, puntura

collected - riunirsi

toes - dito del piede, dito, dito della zampa, punta

thick - spesso, pesante, folto, tonto

scum - impurita, mucillagine

rearing - retro, retrovia

striking - impressionante, sconcertante

stiff - rigido, inflessibile, duro, severo

most conspicuous - il piu visibile

trait - caratteristica, tratto

forecast - prevedere, previsione

advance - avanzare, progredire, anticipare, migliorare, avvicinarsi

No matter how breathless the air when he dug his nest by tree or bank, the wind that later blew inevitably found him to leeward, sheltered and snug.

breathless - senza fiato

nest - nido

blew - colpo

inevitably - inevitabilmente

leeward - sottovento

sheltered - rifugio, riparo, dare rifugio, rifugiarsi, ripararsi

And not only did he learn by experience, but instincts long dead became alive again. The domesticated generations fell from him. In vague ways he remembered back to the youth of the breed, to the time the wild dogs ranged in packs through the primeval forest and killed their meat as they ran it down. It was no task for him to learn to fight with cut and slash and the quick wolf snap.

by experience - per esperienza

instincts - istinto

dead - morto

alive - vivo, attivo, animato

domesticated - addomesticare

generations - generazione

youth - gioventu, giovinezza, giovane, giovanotto, ragazzo

ranged in - ha oscillato

packs - fagotto, sacca

primeval forest - foresta primordiale

task - compito

slash - sfregiare, squarciare

In this manner had fought forgotten ancestors. They quickened the old life within him, and the old tricks which they had stamped into the heredity of the breed were his tricks. They came to him without effort or discovery, as though they had been his always.

ancestors - antenato, ascendente, avo, abiatico

quickened - accelerare

within - dentro, all'interno

tricks - trucco, imbrogliare

stamped - timbrato, (stamp), conio, bollo, battere i piedi, pestare i piedi, stampare, timbrare, affrancare

heredity - eredita

discovery - scoperta

And when, on the still cold nights, he pointed his nose at a star and howled long and wolflike, it was his ancestors, dead and dust, pointing nose at star and howling down through the centuries and through him. And his cadences were their cadences, the cadences which voiced their woe and what to them was the meaning of the stiffness, and the cold, and dark.

howled - ululato, uggiolio, latrato, guaito, ululare, gannire

wolflike - simile a un lupo

dust - polvere, spolverare

howling - ululare, (howl), ululato, uggiolio, latrato, guaito

cadences - cadenza, ritmo, passo, andamento

voiced - voce

woe - dolore, disgrazia, guaio

stiffness - rigidezza, rigidita, inflessibilita

Thus, as token of what a puppet thing life is, the ancient song surged through him and he came into his own again; and he came because men had found a yellow metal in the North, and because Manuel was a gardener's helper whose wages did not lap over the needs of his wife and divers small copies of himself.

puppet - marionetta, fantoccio, pedina

ancient - antico

surged - agirarsi, sollevarsi

whose - talian: di chi, cui

divers - tuffatore, tuffatrice, tuffista, palombaro

copies - copia, replica, copiare, imitare, ricevere

Chapter III. The Dominant Primordial Beast

dominant - dominante, predominante, piu diffuso

beast - bestia, belva

The dominant primordial beast was strong in Buck, and under the fierce conditions of trail life it grew and grew. Yet it was a secret growth. His newborn cunning gave him poise and control. He was too busy adjusting himself to the new life to feel at ease, and not only did he not pick fights, but he avoided them whenever possible. A certain deliberateness characterized his attitude.

secret - segreto

growth - crescita, accrescimento

newborn - neonato, neonata

poise - stato di grazia, poise

control - controllare, influenzare, dirigere, controllo, comando

adjusting - adattare, adeguare, regolare

at ease - riposato

pick - piccone, stuzzicadenti, scelta, barriera, prendere, raccogliere, scegliere

fights - lottare, battersi

deliberateness - deliberatezza

attitude - atteggiamento, postura, comportamento, approccio

He was not prone to rashness and precipitate action; and in the bitter hatred between him and Spitz he betrayed no impatience, shunned all offensive acts.

prone - prono, prostrato, inchinato, reclino, pendente

rashness - imprudenza

precipitate - precipitato

betrayed - consegnare, tradire, rivelare

Impatience - Impazienza

shunned - evitare, detestare, schivare, eludere, stigmatizzare

offensive - offensivo, offensiva

acts - atto, legge, numero, scena, messinscena, agire, recitare, fare

On the other hand, possibly because he divined in Buck a dangerous rival, Spitz never lost an opportunity of showing his teeth. He even went out of his way to bully Buck, striving constantly to start the fight which could end only in the death of one or the other. Early in the trip this might have taken place had it not been for an unwonted accident.

rival - rivale, competitore, antagonista, avversario

opportunity - occasione, opportunita, possibilita, chance

Bully - bullo, spaccone, smargiasso, prepotente

striving - sforzarsi

accident - incidente, accidente

At the end of this day they made a bleak and miserable camp on the shore of Lake Le Barge. driving snow, a wind that cut like a white-hot knife, and darkness had forced them to grope for a camping place. They could hardly have fared worse.

bleak - desolato

shore - spiaggia

lake - lago

Barge - chiatta, maona, bettolina, paniere

driving snow - forti nevicate

knife - coltello, lama, accoltellare

grope - tastare, palpeggiare, palpare

camping - campeggio

hardly - aspramente, appena, quasi, checkmica

At their backs rose a perpendicular wall of rock, and Perrault and Francois were compelled to make their fire and spread their sleeping robes on the ice of the lake itself. The tent they had discarded at Dyea in order to travel light. A few sticks of driftwood furnished them with a fire that thawed down through the ice and left them to eat supper in the dark.

rose - Rosa

perpendicular - perpendicolare

Rock - roccia

compelled - forzare, costringere, obbligare

robes - veste, abito

itself - sé, se stesso, sé stesso

discarded - buttare

driftwood - legno di deriva

furnished - fornire

thawed - fondere

supper - cena

close in under the sheltering rock Buck made his nest. So snug and warm was it, that he was loath to leave it when Francois distributed the fish which he had first thawed over the fire. But when Buck finished his ration and returned, he found his nest occupied. A warning snarl told him that the trespasser was Spitz. till now Buck had avoided trouble with his enemy, but this was too much.

close in - chiudere in casa

sheltering - riparo, (shelter), rifugio, dare rifugio, rifugiarsi

loath - detestare

distributed - distribuire, suddividere, ripartire

occupied - occupare

trespasser - intruso

till now - fino ad ora

enemy - nemico, nemica

The beast in him roared. He sprang upon Spitz with a fury which surprised them both, and Spitz particularly, for his whole experience with Buck had gone to teach him that his rival was an unusually timid dog, who managed to hold his own only because of his great weight and size.

roared - ruggire, sganasciarsi dalle risate

unusually - insolitamente

timid - timido, pavido, impaurito

hold - tenere

Francois was surprised, too, when they shot out in a tangle from the disrupted nest and he divined the cause of the trouble. "A-a-ah!" he cried to Buck. "Gif it to heem, by Gar! Gif it to heem, the dirty t'eef!"

disrupted - disturbare, interrompere, impedire, rimpiazzare

Gif - short video without audio

eef - ordine del giorno

Spitz was equally willing. He was crying with sheer rage and eagerness as he circled back and forth for a chance to spring in. Buck was no less eager, and no less cautious, as he likewise circled back and forth for the advantage. But it was then that the unexpected happened, the thing which projected their struggle for supremacy far into the future, past many a weary mile of trail and toil.

crying - piangere, (cry), gridare, urlare, pianto, urlo, verso

sheer - (puro e semplice)

chance - caso

cautious - cauto, ritenuto, oculato

supremacy - supremazia

many a - molti a

An oath from Perrault, the resounding impact of a club upon a bony frame, and a shrill yelp of pain, heralded the breaking forth of pandemonium. The camp was suddenly discovered to be alive with skulking furry forms,-starving huskies, four or five score of them, who had scented the camp from some Indian village.

oath - giuramento, bestemmia, giurare

resounding - risuonare

impact - impatto, collisione, effetto, influenza

bony - ossuto, stecchino

frame - incorniciare, incastrare, impalcatura, incastellatura, armatura

shrill - stridulo, stridore, stridio, stridente

Pandemonium - pandemonio

discovered - scoprire, trovare

be alive with - essere vivo con

skulking - di nascosto, (skulk), imboscarsi, nascondersi

Starving - Morire di fame, (starve)

scented - odore (1, 2), checkprofumo (3), fiutare

Indian - indiano

They had crept in while Buck and Spitz were fighting, and when the two men sprang among them with stout clubs they showed their teeth and fought back. They were crazed by the smell of the food. Perrault found one with head buried in the grub-box. His club landed heavily on the gaunt ribs, and the grub-box was capsized on the ground.

crept in - insinuarsi, intrufolarsi

crazed - impazzire

smell - odore, olfatto, odorato, sentire l'odore, fiutare, odorare

grub - larva, bruco, sbobba

heavily - pesantemente, fortemente, intensamente

ribs - costa, costola

capsized - capovolgersi, ribaltarsi, rovesciarsi, ribaltare, capovolgere

On the instant a score of the famished brutes were scrambling for the bread and bacon. The clubs fell upon them unheeded. They yelped and howled under the rain of blows, but struggled none the less madly till the last crumb had been devoured.

famished - fame

brutes - bestia, bruto

scrambling - strapazzo

unheeded - inascoltato

blows - colpi

madly - follemente

crumb - briciola, mollica, impasto, impanare

devoured - divorare, trangugiare, ingurgitare, ingozzarsi

In the meantime the astonished team-dogs had burst out of their nests only to be set upon by the fierce invaders. Never had Buck seen such dogs. It seemed as though their bones would burst through their skins. They were mere skeletons, draped loosely in draggled hides, with blazing eyes and slavered fangs. But the hunger-madness made them terrifying, irresistible. There was no opposing them.

meantime - frattempo, attesa

astonished - sorprendere, stupire

burst - scoppiare, esplodere, strappare, separare, scoppio, esplosione

nests - nido

invaders - invasore, invaditrice

bones - osso, lisca, spina

skins - pelle, interfaccia, scuoiare

skeletons - scheletro

draped - drappeggio

loosely - allentato

draggled - trascinare

hides - nascosto

blazing - incendio

slavered - schiavista

fangs - zanna

terrifying - terrificare

irresistible - irresistibile

opposing - opporre, obiettare, essere contrari, esibire

The team-dogs were swept back against the cliff at the first onset. Buck was beset by three huskies, and in a trice his head and shoulders were ripped and slashed. The din was frightful. Billee was crying as usual. Dave and Sol-leks, dripping blood from a score of wounds, were fighting bravely side by side. Joe was snapping like a demon.

cliff - ruoe, scogliera

onset - attacco

beset - circondare, assediare, assaltare, incastonare, incagliare

din - chiasso, frastuono

usual - solito, usuale, consueto, abituale

dripping - gocciolare

wounds - ferita

bravely - coraggiosamente

Snapping - Scattare, (snap), schiocco, scatto, rubamazzetto, sbottare

demon - demone, demonio, talian: Il Demonio g

Once, his teeth closed on the fore leg of a husky, and he crunched down through the bone. Pike, the malingerer, leaped upon the crippled animal, breaking its neck with a quick flash of teeth and a jerk, Buck got a frothing adversary by the throat, and was sprayed with blood when his teeth sank through the jugular. The warm taste of it in his mouth goaded him to greater fierceness.

crunched - sgranocchiare, scricchiolare, croccare, spiaccicarsi, masticare

crippled - storpio, storpia

adversary - avversario, avversaria

jugular - giugulare

taste - gusto, sapore, inclinazione, gustare, assaggiare

goaded - pungolo, pungolare

fierceness - fierita

He flung himself upon another, and at the same time felt teeth sink into his own throat. It was Spitz, treacherously attacking from the side.

sink - affondare

treacherously - proditoriamente, subdolamente

attacking - attacco, assalire, attaccare

Perrault and Francois, having cleaned out their part of the camp, hurried to save their sled-dogs. The wild wave of famished beasts rolled back before them, and Buck shook himself free. But it was only for a moment. The two men were compelled to run back to save the grub, upon which the huskies returned to the attack on the team.

hurried - fretta, premura, furia, affrettarsi, precipitarsi

wave - onda

beasts - bestia, belva

attack - attacco, assalire, attaccare

Billee, terrified into bravery, sprang through the savage circle and fled away over the ice. Pike and Dub followed on his heels, with the rest of the team behind. As Buck drew himself together to spring after them, out of the tail of his eye he saw Spitz rush upon him with the evident intention of overthrowing him. Once off his feet and under that mass of huskies, there was no hope for him.

terrified - terrificare

bravery - coraggio

evident - evidente

intention - intenzione, intento

overthrowing - rovesciare

But he braced himself to the shock of Spitz's charge, then joined the flight out on the lake.

braced - braccia, abbraccio, aggancio, grappa, uncino, bretella

Later, the nine team-dogs gathered together and sought shelter in the forest. Though unpursued, they were in a sorry plight. There was not one who was not wounded in four or five places, while some were wounded grievously.

gathered - cogliere, collezionare, radunarsi, raccogliere, bottinare

sought - cercare, ricercare

shelter - rifugio, riparo, dare rifugio, rifugiarsi, ripararsi

unpursued - non perseguito

plight - situazione

grievously - gravemente

Dub was badly injured in a hind leg; Dolly, the last husky added to the team at Dyea, had a badly torn throat; Joe had lost an eye; while Billee, the good-natured, with an ear chewed and rent to ribbons, cried and whimpered throughout the night. At daybreak they limped warily back to camp, to find the marauders gone and the two men in bad tempers. Fully half their grub supply was gone.

badly - male

injured - ferire

hind leg - gamba posteriore

Dolly - bambola

natured - natura

chewed - masticare

rent - affitto, (rend), spaccare

ribbons - nastro, fettuccia

whimpered - piagnucolio, piagnucolare

throughout - in ogni parte, dappertutto

daybreak - alba

limped - moscio, molle

warily - con cautela

marauders - predone

tempers - carattere, temperamento

fully - pienamente, completamente, appieno, ampiamente

supply - fornire

The huskies had chewed through the sled lashings and canvas coverings. In fact, nothing, no matter how remotely eatable, had escaped them. They had eaten a pair of Perrault's moose-hide moccasins, chunks out of the leather traces, and even two feet of lash from the end of Francois's whip. He broke from a mournful contemplation of it to look over his wounded dogs.

lashings - sferzare

canvas - tela

coverings - copertura

remotely - da remoto

eatable - mangiabile

escaped - scappare, fuggire, darsela a gambe, evitare, eludere

moose - alce

moccasins - mocassino

chunks - pezzo, tocco

leather - cuoio

mournful - lamentoso

contemplation - contemplazione

look over - inspezionare qualcosa, guardare attraverso qualcosa

"Ah, my frien's," he said softly, "mebbe it mek you mad dog, dose many bites. Mebbe all mad dog, sacredam! Wot you t'ink, eh, Perrault?"

frien - amici

softly - delicatamente, sottovoce

mebbe - forse

mek - ordine del giorno

bites - mordere, morsicare, abboccare, pungere, morso, puntura

ink - inchiostro, inchiostrare, firmare, tatuare

The courier shook his head dubiously. With four hundred miles of trail still between him and Dawson, he could ill afford to have madness break out among his dogs.

dubiously - dubbiosamente

four hundred - quattrocento

afford - permettersi

break out - scoppiare

Two hours of cursing and exertion got the harnesses into shape, and the wound-stiffened team was under way, struggling painfully over the hardest part of the trail they had yet encountered, and for that matter, the hardest between them and Dawson.

exertion - sforzo, fatica

harnesses - braca, imbragatura, imbrago, imbracatura, imbracare

shape - condizione, stato, forma, sagoma

stiffened - irrigidire

struggling - in difficolta, (struggle), lotta, lottare

painfully - dolorosamente

encountered - incontrare, imbattersi in

The Thirty Mile River was wide open. Its wild water defied the frost, and it was in the eddies only and in the quiet places that the ice held at all. Six days of exhausting toil were required to cover those thirty terrible miles. And terrible they were, for every foot of them was accomplished at the risk of life to dog and man.

defied - sfidare, abiurare

eddies - gorgo, mulinello

exhausting - esaurire

required - esigere, prevedere, richiedere, necessitare, domandare

cover - coperto, coperchio, copertura, nascondiglio, copertina, coperta

accomplished - compiere, realizzare, completare, trascorrere, concretizzare

Risk - rischio, rischiare

A dozen times, Perrault, nosing the way broke through the ice bridges, being saved by the long pole he carried, which he so held that it fell each time across the hole made by his body. But a cold snap was on, the thermometer registering fifty below zero, and each time he broke through he was compelled for very life to build a fire and dry his garments.

broke through - sfondare

bridges - ponte

cold snap - ondata di freddo

thermometer - termometro

registering - registrare

below zero - sotto lo zero

dry - secco, asciutto, asciugarsi, trinsecchire, tessiccare

garments - vestito, indumento, capo, abito

nothing daunted him. It was because nothing daunted him that he had been chosen for government courier. He took all manner of risks, resolutely thrusting his little weazened face into the frost and struggling on from dim dawn to dark. He skirted the frowning shores on rim ice that bent and crackled under foot and upon which they dared not halt.

nothing daunted - nulla scoraggiato

risks - rischio, rischiare

resolutely - risolutamente

thrusting - spinta, (thrust), stoccata

dim - fioco, incerto

frowning - accigliarsi, aggrottare le ciglia/sopracciglia

shores - spiaggia

rim - cerchione, bordo

bent - piegato, (bend), curvare, piegare, piegarsi, curvarsi

crackled - crepitio, scoppiettio, crepitare

dared - osare

Once, the sled broke through, with Dave and Buck, and they were half-frozen and all but drowned by the time they were dragged out. The usual fire was necessary to save them. They were coated solidly with ice, and the two men kept them on the run around the fire, sweating and thawing, so close that they were singed by the flames.

drowned - affogare, annegare, sommergere, coprire

necessary - necessario

solidly - solidamente

sweating - sudore

thawing - scongelamento, (thaw), fondere

singed - bruciare, bruciacchiare

flames - fiamma, flame, fiammeggiare, infiammare

At another time Spitz went through, dragging the whole team after him up to Buck, who strained backward with all his strength, his fore paws on the slippery edge and the ice quivering and snapping all around. But behind him was Dave, likewise straining backward, and behind the sled was Francois, pulling till his tendons cracked.

another time - un'altra volta

dragging - trascinare, tirare

strained - sforzare, sforzarsi, tirare

paws - zampa

slippery - scivoloso, sdrucciolevole

edge - orlo, bordo, lato, vantaggio, lama, filo, arco

straining - sforzarsi

pulling - tirare, (pull)

tendons - tendine

cracked - rompersi, incrinarsi

Again, the rim ice broke away before and behind, and there was no escape except up the cliff. Perrault scaled it by a miracle, while Francois prayed for just that miracle; and with every thong and sled lashing and the last bit of harness rove into a long rope, the dogs were hoisted, one by one, to the cliff crest. Francois came up last, after the sled and load.

broke away - staccarsi

escape - scappare, fuggire, darsela a gambe, evitare, eludere

Except - salvo, tranne, eccetto, fatto salvo

scaled - scala, gradazione

miracle - miracolo

prayed - pregare

thong - cinghia, correggia, laccio, infradito, ciabatta

lashing - sferzare

rove - vagare, vagabondare

hoisted - elevare, alzare, issare, innalzare

crest - cresta, cimiero, timbro, crine, criniera

Then came the search for a place to descend, which descent was ultimately made by the aid of the rope, and night found them back on the river with a quarter of a mile to the day's credit.

search - ricerca, cercare, buscare

descend - scendere

descent - discesa, ascendenza

ultimately - infine, per ultimo, per ultima cosa, in fin dei conti, alla fine

aid - aiuto

By the time they made the Hootalinqua and good ice, Buck was played out. The rest of the dogs were in like condition; but Perrault, to make up lost time, pushed them late and early. The first day they covered thirty-five miles to the Big Salmon; the next day thirty-five more to the Little Salmon; the third day forty miles, which brought them well up toward the Five Fingers.

condition - condizione, influenzare, condizionare

pushed - spingere

covered - coperto, coperchio, copertura, nascondiglio, copertina, coperta

third - terzo, terza, atterzare

fingers - dito

Buck's feet were not so compact and hard as the feet of the huskies. His had softened during the many generations since the day his last wild ancestor was tamed by a cave-dweller or river man. All day long he limped in agony, and camp once made, lay down like a dead dog. Hungry as he was, he would not move to receive his ration of fish, which Francois had to bring to him.

compact - compatto

softened - ammorbidire, addolcire, rendere arrendevole, rendere malleabile

ancestor - antenato, ascendente, avo, abiatico

tamed - domestico, addomesticato

cave - caverna, grotta

dweller - abitante

Also, the dog-driver rubbed Buck's feet for half an hour each night after supper, and sacrificed the tops of his own moccasins to make four moccasins for Buck.

rubbed - strofinamento, strofinare, fregare

sacrificed - sacrificare, sacrificio

tops - cima, sommita, coperchio, cappuccio, parte superiore, top

This was a great relief, and Buck caused even the weazened face of Perrault to twist itself into a grin one morning, when Francois forgot the moccasins and Buck lay on his back, his four feet waving appealingly in the air, and refused to budge without them. Later his feet grew hard to the trail, and the worn-out foot-gear was thrown away.

grin - sogghignare

lay on - sdraiarsi, fornire

waving - sventolare

appealingly - in modo attraente

refused - rifiutare

budge - spostarsi, muoversi

gear - attrezzo, parafernalia, equipaggiamento, marcia, cambio

thrown away - buttato via

At the Pelly one morning, as they were harnessing up, Dolly, who had never been conspicuous for anything, went suddenly mad. She announced her condition by a long, heartbreaking wolf howl that sent every dog bristling with fear, then sprang straight for Buck.

harnessing - braca, imbragatura, imbrago, imbracatura, imbracare

conspicuous - evidente, lampante, notevole, vistoso

heartbreaking - crepacuore

howl - ululato, uggiolio, latrato, guaito, ululare, gannire

He had never seen a dog go mad, nor did he have any reason to fear madness; yet he knew that here was horror, and fled away from it in a panic. Straight away he raced, with Dolly, panting and frothing, one leap behind; nor could she gain on him, so great was his terror, nor could he leave her, so great was her madness.

go mad - impazzire

horror - orrore

panic - panico

raced - corsa, gara

gain - acquistare, conseguire

terror - terrore

He plunged through the wooded breast of the island, flew down to the lower end, crossed a back channel filled with rough ice to another island, gained a third island, curved back to the main river, and in desperation started to cross it. And all the time, though he did not look, he could hear her snarling just one leap behind.

rough - ruvido, rugoso, scabro, approssimato, mosso, difficile, rude

wooded - legno

breast - mammella, poppa, petto, seno

lower - oscurarsi

Channel - canale

Gained - acquistare, conseguire

curved - curva, curvare

in desperation - in atto di disperazione

Cross - croce, segno della croce, incrocio, cross, diagonale, irritato

Francois called to him a quarter of a mile away and he doubled back, still one leap ahead, gasping painfully for air and putting all his faith in that Francois would save him. The dog-driver held the axe poised in his hand, and as Buck shot past him the axe crashed down upon mad Dolly's head.

gasping - rantolare, (gasp), restare senza fiato, restare a bocca aperta

poised - composto, pronto

Buck staggered over against the sled, exhausted, sobbing for breath, helpless. This was Spitz's opportunity. He sprang upon Buck, and twice his teeth sank into his unresisting foe and ripped and tore the flesh to the bone. Then Francois's lash descended, and Buck had the satisfaction of watching Spitz receive the worst whipping as yet administered to any of the teams.

sobbing - singhiozzare

helpless - indifeso

unresisting - senza resistenza

foe - nemico

tore - strappare

flesh - carne

descended - scendere

satisfaction - soddisfazione

whipping - frustare, montare, (whip), frusta, nerbo, sferza, sferzare

as yet - ancora

"One devil, dat Spitz," remarked Perrault. "Some dam day heem keel dat Buck."

remarked - osservazione, commento

keel - chiglia

"Dat Buck two devils," was Francois's rejoinder. "All de tam I watch dat Buck I know for sure. Lissen: some dam fine day heem get mad lak hell an'den heem chew dat Spitz all up an'spit heem out on de snow. Sure. I know."

devils - diavolo

rejoinder - replica

den - tana

chew - masticare

spit - sputare

From then on it was war between them. Spitz, as lead-dog and acknowledged master of the team, felt his supremacy threatened by this strange Southland dog. And strange Buck was to him, for of the many Southland dogs he had known, not one had shown up worthily in camp and on trail. They were all too soft, dying under the toil, the frost, and starvation. Buck was the exception.

war - guerra, fare la guerra

lead - condurre, portare

acknowledged - riconoscere, ammettere, confermare

threatened - minacciare, impaurire, intimidire, avvisare, promettere

shown up - mostrare, apparire, presentarsi

worthily - degnamente

soft - morbido

dying - morire

starvation - fame

He alone endured and prospered, matching the husky in strength, savagery, and cunning. Then he was a masterful dog, and what made him dangerous was the fact that the club of the man in the red sweater had knocked all blind pluck and rashness out of his desire for mastery. He was preeminently cunning, and could bide his time with a patience that was nothing less than primitive.

prospered - prosperare

matching - fiammifero

savagery - ferocia

masterful - magistrale

pluck - pizzicare, spennare, spennacchiare, spiumare, corata, coratella

desire - desiderare, volere, desiderio, voglia

preeminently - preminentemente

bide - attendere il momento opportuno

patience - pazienza

It was inevitable that the clash for leadership should come. Buck wanted it. He wanted it because it was his nature, because he had been gripped tight by that nameless, incomprehensible pride of the trail and trace-that pride which holds dogs in the toil to the last gasp, which lures them to die joyfully in the harness, and breaks their hearts if they are cut out of the harness.

inevitable - inevitabile

clash - scontro, schermaglia, baruffa, zuffa, cozzare

leadership - capacity to lead, group of leaders, office of leader

gripped - impugnare, avvincere

tight - aderente, teso, stretto, tirato, nitido

nameless - innominato

incomprehensible - incomprensibile

trace - traccia

holds - tenere

gasp - restare senza fiato, restare a bocca aperta

lures - Io

joyfully - gioiosamente, piacevolmente

hearts - cuore

This was the pride of Dave as wheel-dog, of Sol-leks as he pulled with all his strength; the pride that laid hold of them at break of camp, transforming them from sour and sullen brutes into straining, eager, ambitious creatures; the pride that spurred them on all day and dropped them at pitch of camp at night, letting them fall back into gloomy unrest and uncontent.

wheel - ruota, timone, ruota del timone, pezzo grosso, cerchio

transforming - trasformando, (transform), trasformare, modificare

sullen - afflitto, astioso, tetro, cupo, disarmante, lento

ambitious - ambizioso

spurred - sperone, sprone

fall back - ripiegare

unrest - agitazione

uncontent - incontentabile

This was the pride that bore up Spitz and made him thrash the sled-dogs who blundered and shirked in the traces or hid away at harness-up time in the morning. Likewise it was this pride that made him fear Buck as a possible lead-dog. And this was Buck's pride, too.

bore - forare, perforare

blundered - abbaglio, strafalcione, cantonata, sfondone

shirked - evitare

hid - nascosto

He openly threatened the other's leadership. He came between him and the shirks he should have punished. And he did it deliberately. One night there was a heavy snowfall, and in the morning Pike, the malingerer, did not appear. He was securely hidden in his nest under a foot of snow. Francois called him and sought him in vain. Spitz was wild with wrath.

shirks - evitare

snowfall - nevicata, fioccata

appear - apparire

securely - in modo sicuro

in vain - invano

He raged through the camp, smelling and digging in every likely place, snarling so frightfully that Pike heard and shivered in his hiding-place.

raged - straccio

smelling - odorare, (smell), odore, olfatto, odorato, sentire l'odore

digging - scavare

Likely - E probabile

frightfully - spaventosamente

shivered - rabbrividire, tremare

hiding-place - (hiding-place) nascondiglio

But when he was at last unearthed, and Spitz flew at him to punish him, Buck flew, with equal rage, in between. So unexpected was it, and so shrewdly managed, that Spitz was hurled backward and off his feet. Pike, who had been trembling abjectly, took heart at this open mutiny, and sprang upon his overthrown leader. Buck, to whom fair play was a forgotten code, likewise sprang upon Spitz.

unearthed - scovare, dissotterrare, disseppellire

Equal - uguale, pari, eguagliare

shrewdly - scaltramente, astutamente

trembling - tremare, (tremble), tremolare, tremore

abjectly - abiettamente

took heart - prendere a cuore

mutiny - ammutinamento

overthrown - rovesciare

whom - chi, cui

But Francois, chuckling at the incident while unswerving in the administration of justice, brought his lash down upon Buck with all his might. This failed to drive Buck from his prostrate rival, and the butt of the whip was brought into play. Half-stunned by the blow, Buck was knocked backward and the lash laid upon him again and again, while Spitz soundly punished the many times offending Pike.

chuckling - ridacchiare

incident - imprevisto, inconveniente, incidente

unswerving - incrollabile

administration of justice - amministrazione della giustizia

prostrate - prostrato

butt - urtare

stunned - stordire, intontire, stupefare, sorprendere, incantare

offending - offendere

In the days that followed, as Dawson grew closer and closer, Buck still continued to interfere between Spitz and the culprits; but he did it craftily, when Francois was not around, With the covert mutiny of Buck, a general insubordination sprang up and increased. Dave and Sol-leks were unaffected, but the rest of the team went from bad to worse. Things no longer went right.

continued - continuare

interfere - impicciarsi, impedire

culprits - colpevole, reo

craftily - in modo astuto

covert - sotto copertura

general - generale

insubordination - insubordinazione

sprang up - sorgere,crescere, rimbalzare

increased - aumentare, ingrossare, crescere, incrementare, aggravio

unaffected - indifferente

There was continual bickering and jangling. Trouble was always afoot, and at the bottom of it was Buck.

continual - continuo

bickering - battibecco

jangling - tintinnare

afoot - in piedi

bottom - fondo, parte inferiore, sedere, passivo

He kept Francois busy, for the dog-driver was in constant apprehension of the life-and-death struggle between the two which he knew must take place sooner or later; and on more than one night the sounds of quarrelling and strife among the other dogs turned him out of his sleeping robe, fearful that Buck and Spitz were at it.

constant - costante, continuo

apprehension - apprensione

quarrelling - litigare

strife - disputa, tenzone

robe - veste, abito

But the opportunity did not present itself, and they pulled into Dawson one dreary afternoon with the great fight still to come. Here were many men, and countless dogs, and Buck found them all at work. It seemed the ordained order of things that dogs should work. All day they swung up and down the main street in long teams, and in the night their jingling bells still went by.

dreary - melanconico, malinconico

countless - innumerevole, incalcolabile, innumerabile

ordained - ordinare

swung - oscillare, ondeggiare, altalenare, dondolare, altalena

jingling - tintinnio, sonaglio, motivetto

bells - campana

They hauled cabin logs and firewood, freighted up to the mines, and did all manner of work that horses did in the Santa Clara Valley. Here and there Buck met Southland dogs, but in the main they were the wild wolf husky breed. Every night, regularly, at nine, at twelve, at three, they lifted a nocturnal song, a weird and eerie chant, in which it was Buck's delight to join.

hauled - tirare

cabin - capanna, rustico, cabina

logs - ceppo, ciocco

freighted - carico, merce

mines - mio, mia, mie, miei

regularly - regolarmente

nocturnal - notturno

weird - anormale, surreale, paranormale, innaturale

eerie - misterioso, strano, agghiacciante, spaventevole

chant - salmodiare, salmodia

With the aurora borealis flaming coldly overhead, or the stars leaping in the frost dance, and the land numb and frozen under its pall of snow, this song of the huskies might have been the defiance of life, only it was pitched in minor key, with long-drawn wailings and half-sobs, and was more the pleading of life, the articulate travail of existence.

aurora - , Aurora

borealis - ordine del giorno

flaming - fiammeggiare, (flame), fiamma, flame, infiammare

coldly - freddamente

overhead - in alto, in cielo, aereo

leaping - saltare

numb - intorpidito

Pall - (drappo funebre)

defiance - sfida

minor - minore

wailings - lamenti

sobs - singhiozzare

pleading - supplichevole, (plead), dichiararsi (lcolpevole o lnoncolpevole)

articulate - articolare

travail - lavoro

existence - esistenza

It was an old song, old as the breed itself-one of the first songs of the younger world in a day when songs were sad. It was invested with the woe of unnumbered generations, this plaint by which Buck was so strangely stirred.

invested - investire

unnumbered - innumerevole

plaint - placca

strangely - stranamente

stirred - rimescolare

When he moaned and sobbed, it was with the pain of living that was of old the pain of his wild fathers, and the fear and mystery of the cold and dark that was to them fear and mystery. And that he should be stirred by it marked the completeness with which he harked back through the ages of fire and roof to the raw beginnings of life in the howling ages.

moaned - gemito, lamentarsi, gemere

sobbed - singhiozzare

mystery - mistero, arcano, enigma

roof - tetto

beginnings - inizio

seven days from the time they pulled into Dawson, they dropped down the steep bank by the Barracks to the Yukon Trail, and pulled for Dyea and Salt Water. Perrault was carrying despatches if anything more urgent than those he had brought in; also, the travel pride had gripped him, and he purposed to make the record trip of the year. Several things favored him in this.

seven days - sette giorni

steep - ripido

Barracks - caserma

Yukon - territory in northern Canada which has Whitehorse as its capital

more urgent - piu urgente

purposed - scopo

record - documento, verbale

The week's rest had recuperated the dogs and put them in thorough trim. The trail they had broken into the country was packed hard by later journeyers. And further, the police had arranged in two or three places deposits of grub for dog and man, and he was travelling light.

recuperated - ristabilirsi

thorough - minuzioso, accurato, dettagliato, totale, completo

trim - tagliare, accorciare, decorare, bordare, orientare

journeyers - viaggiatore

arranged - disporre, ordinare, preparare, arrangiare

deposits - deposito, caparra, acconto, sedimento

They made Sixty Mile, which is a fifty-mile run, on the first day; and the second day saw them booming up the Yukon well on their way to Pelly. But such splendid running was achieved not without great trouble and vexation on the part of Francois. The insidious revolt led by Buck had destroyed the solidarity of the team. It no longer was as one dog leaping in the traces.

splendid - splendido

vexation - vessazione

insidious - insidioso, subdolo

revolt - rivolta

destroyed - distruggere, annichilare, checkabbattere (4)

solidarity - solidarieta

The encouragement Buck gave the rebels led them into all kinds of petty misdemeanors. No more was Spitz a leader greatly to be feared. The old awe departed, and they grew equal to challenging his authority. Pike robbed him of half a fish one night, and gulped it Down Under the protection of Buck. Another night Dub and Joe fought Spitz and made him forego the punishment they deserved.

encouragement - incoraggiamento

rebels - ribelle

petty - meschino, piccolo

misdemeanors - reato

feared - temere

awe - timore

departed - partire, andar via, allontanarsi, dipartire, deviare

challenging - sfida, impresa, ricusazione

authority - autorita

gulped - inghiottire

Down Under - in Australia

protection - protezione

punishment - punizione, pena, castigo

deserved - meritare, meritarsi

And even Billee, the good-natured, was less good-natured, and whined not half so placatingly as in former days. Buck never came near Spitz without snarling and bristling menacingly. In fact, his conduct approached that of a bully, and he was given to swaggering up and down before Spitz's very nose.

whined - Gimoteo

former - precedente, passato

conduct - conduzione, comportamento, condotta, condurre, comportarsi

swaggering - spavaldo

The breaking down of discipline likewise affected the dogs in their relations with one another. They quarrelled and bickered more than ever among themselves, till at times the camp was a howling bedlam. Dave and Sol-leks alone were unaltered, though they were made irritable by the unending squabbling. Francois swore strange barbarous oaths, and stamped the snow in futile rage, and tore his hair.

breaking down - crollare

discipline - disciplina

affected - avere effetto su

relations - relazione, parente

quarrelled - lite, litigio

bickered - battibecco

among themselves - tra di loro

bedlam - manicomio, confusione

unaltered - inalterato

squabbling - scaramuccia, litigio, battibecco, diatriba, litigare

swore - giurare

barbarous - barbaro

oaths - giuramento, bestemmia, giurare

futile - futile

His lash was always singing among the dogs, but it was of small avail. Directly his back was turned they were at it again. He backed up Spitz with his whip, while Buck backed up the remainder of the team. Francois knew he was behind all the trouble, and Buck knew he knew; but Buck was too clever ever again to be caught red-handed.

directly - direttamente

backed up - sostenuta

He worked faithfully in the harness, for the toil had become a delight to him; yet it was a greater delight slyly to precipitate a fight amongst his mates and tangle the traces.

faithfully - fedelmente

amongst - tra, in mezzo a

At the mouth of the Tahkeena, one night after supper, Dub turned up a snowshoe rabbit, blundered it, and missed. In a second the whole team was in full cry. A hundred yards away was a camp of the Northwest Police, with fifty dogs, huskies all, who joined the chase. The rabbit sped down the river, turned off into a small creek, up the frozen bed of which it held steadily.

snowshoe - racchetta da neve, ciaspola

rabbit - coniglio

cry - piangere, gridare, urlare, pianto, urlo, verso

yards - iarda

northwest - nordovest

chase - dare la caccia a

sped - velocita

Creek - calanca, piccola insenatura, ruscello, rivo, fiumicello

It ran lightly on the surface of the snow, while the dogs ploughed through by main strength. Buck led the pack, sixty strong, around bend after bend, but he could not gain. He lay down low to the race, whining eagerly, his splendid body flashing forward, leap by leap, in the wan white moonlight. And leap by leap, like some pale frost wraith, the snowshoe rabbit flashed on ahead.

lightly - alla leggera, superficialmente, in maniera superficiale

ploughed through - arare, superare, attraversare

pack - fagotto, sacca

bend - curvare, piegare, piegarsi, curvarsi, ammanigliare, curva, nodo

low - basso

race - corsa, gara

whining - piagnucolare

forward - avanti, in avanti

wan - pallido

moonlight - chiaro di luna, lavorare in nero

pale - pallido

wraith - A ghost or specter, especially seen just after a person's death

All that stirring of old instincts which at stated periods drives men out from the sounding cities to forest and plain to kill things by chemically propelled leaden pellets, the blood lust, the joy to kill-all this was Buck's, only it was infinitely more intimate.

stirring of - agitare

stated - stato, dichiarare, statuire, esporre, indicare

kill - uccidere

chemically - chimicamente

propelled - propellere, catapultare, spingere

leaden - plumbeo

pellets - pallottola, pallino

lust - libido, libidine, lussuria

infinitely - infinitamente, interminatamente

more intimate - piu intimo

He was ranging at the head of the pack, running the wild thing down, the living meat, to kill with his own teeth and wash his muzzle to the eyes in warm blood.

ranging - catena, fornello, stufa a legna, piano cottura, varieta, gamma

muzzle - muso, museruola, mordacchia, avancarica, mettere la museruola

There is an ecstasy that marks the summit of life, and beyond which life cannot rise. And such is the paradox of living, this ecstasy comes when one is most alive, and it comes as a complete forgetfulness that one is alive.

ecstasy - estasi, ecstasy

marks - Marco

summit - sommita, apice

paradox - paradosso

forgetfulness - dimenticanza

This ecstasy, this forgetfulness of living, comes to the artist, caught up and out of himself in a sheet of flame; it comes to the soldier, war-mad on a stricken field and refusing quarter; and it came to Buck, leading the pack, sounding the old wolf-cry, straining after the food that was alive and that fled swiftly before him through the moonlight.

sheet - foglio, talian: teglia da forno g, talian: foglio g, ('of metal also') lamiera g, ('of ice, stone, marble') lastra g, scotta

flame - fiamma, flame, fiammeggiare, infiammare

soldier - soldato

stricken - colpito, (strike), cancellare, colpire, coniare, scioperare, sembrare, arrendersi, sciopero

field - campo, ambito

refusing - rifiutare

leading - che conduce

He was sounding the deeps of his nature, and of the parts of his nature that were deeper than he, going back into the womb of Time.

deeps - profondo, spesso, esteso, profondo (1, 2)

deeper - profondo, spesso, esteso, profondo (1, 2)

womb - utero, grembo, seno

He was mastered by the sheer surging of life, the tidal wave of being, the perfect joy of each separate muscle, joint, and sinew in that it was everything that was not death, that it was aglow and rampant, expressing itself in movement, flying exultantly under the stars and over the face of dead matter that did not move.

tidal wave - onda anomala

separate - separato, separata, separare, dividere

joint - comune, congiunta, giunto, articolazione, diaclasi, canna

sinew - nerbo

aglow - incandescente

rampant - rampante, sfrenato, sfrenata, dilagante

expressing - esprimere

movement - movimento

exultantly - esultante

But Spitz, cold and calculating even in his supreme moods, left the pack and cut across a narrow neck of land where the creek made a long bend around. Buck did not know of this, and as he rounded the bend, the frost wraith of a rabbit still flitting before him, he saw another and larger frost wraith leap from the overhanging bank into the immediate path of the rabbit. It was Spitz.

calculating - calcolare

moods - umore

rounded - rotondo, tondo

flitting - fluttuare, (flit), svolazzare

overhanging - aggettare, sporgere, sportare

immediate - immediato, prossimo, stretto, diretto

path - sentiero

The rabbit could not turn, and as the white teeth broke its back in mid air it shrieked as loudly as a stricken man may shriek. At sound of this, the cry of Life plunging down from Life's apex in the grip of Death, the fall pack at Buck's heels raised a hell's chorus of delight.

shrieked - gridare, strillare

loudly - a voce alta, forte

plunging - immergersi

apex - apice

grip - impugnare, avvincere

chorus - coro

Buck did not cry out. He did not check himself, but drove in upon Spitz, shoulder to shoulder, so hard that he missed the throat. They rolled over and over in the powdery snow. Spitz gained his feet almost as though he had not been overthrown, slashing Buck down the shoulder and leaping clear.

powdery - polveroso

slashing - tagliente

Twice his teeth clipped together, like the steel jaws of a trap, as he backed away for better footing, with lean and lifting lips that writhed and snarled.

clipped - tagliare, tosare

steel - acciaio, d'acciaio

writhed - contorcersi

In a flash Buck knew it. The time had come. It was to the death. As they circled about, snarling, ears laid back, keenly watchful for the advantage, the scene came to Buck with a sense of familiarity. He seemed to remember it all,-the white woods, and earth, and moonlight, and the thrill of battle. Over the whiteness and silence brooded a ghostly calm.

keenly - con entusiasmo

watchful - vigile

familiarity - familiarita

woods - legno

earth - terra, massa, tana, mettere a terra, tcollegare a terra

thrill - eccitare, elettrizzare

whiteness - bianchezza, biancore

silence - silenzio, silenziare, azzittire, mettere a tacere

brooded - nidiata, prole, schiusa, covata, checknidiata, covare, allevare

ghostly - spettrale, fantasmatico, spiritico

There was not the faintest whisper of air-nothing moved, not a leaf quivered, the visible breaths of the dogs rising slowly and lingering in the frosty air. They had made short work of the snowshoe rabbit, these dogs that were ill-tamed wolves; and they were now drawn up in an expectant circle. They, too, were silent, their eyes only gleaming and their breaths drifting slowly upward.

whisper - sussurro, sussurrare

leaf - foglia, foglio, prolunga

quivered - tremare, tremolare

visible - visibile

breaths - respiro, lena, alito, fiato

rising - in aumento

Lingering - Indugiare, (linger), sostare, trattenersi, attardarsi

frosty - gelido, ghiacciato, gelato, coperto di ghiaccio

wolves - lupo, donnaiolo, divorare

expectant - in dolce attesa

drifting - deriva, direzione, verso, tendenza, indirizzo

upward - verso l'alto

To Buck it was nothing new or strange, this scene of old time. It was as though it had always been, the wonted way of things.

wonted - Non e vero

Spitz was a practised fighter. From Spitzbergen through the Arctic, and across Canada and the Barrens, he had held his own with all manner of dogs and achieved to mastery over them. Bitter rage was his, but never blind rage. In passion to rend and destroy, he never forgot that his enemy was in like passion to rend and destroy.

fighter - combattente, lottatore, guerriero, caccia

Canada - Canada

rend - spaccare

destroy - distruggere, annichilare, checkabbattere (4)

He never rushed till he was prepared to receive a rush; never attacked till he had first defended that attack.

attacked - attacco, assalire, attaccare

defended - difendere, proteggere

In vain Buck strove to sink his teeth in the neck of the big white dog. Wherever his fangs struck for the softer flesh, they were countered by the fangs of Spitz. Fang clashed fang, and lips were cut and bleeding, but Buck could not penetrate his enemy's guard. Then he warmed up and enveloped Spitz in a whirlwind of rushes.

strove - sforzarsi

softer - morbido

countered - contatore

clashed - scontro, schermaglia, baruffa, zuffa, cozzare

bleeding - sanguinamento, (bleed), sanguinare

penetrate - penetrare

guard - guardia, piantone, custode, elsa

enveloped - circondare, avviluppare

whirlwind - turbine

rushes - precipitarsi, portare d'urgenza

Time and time again he tried for the snow-white throat, where life bubbled near to the surface, and each time and every time Spitz slashed him and got away. Then Buck took to rushing, as though for the throat, when, suddenly drawing back his head and curving in from the side, he would drive his shoulder at the shoulder of Spitz, as a ram by which to overthrow him.

bubbled - bolla

got away - scappare, buttarsi nella fuga

curving - curva, curvare

ram - memoria

overthrow - rovesciare

But instead, Buck's shoulder was slashed down each time as Spitz leaped lightly away.

instead - in luogo di, invece, al posto di

Spitz was untouched, while Buck was streaming with blood and panting hard. The fight was growing desperate. And all the while the silent and wolfish circle waited to finish off whichever dog went down. As Buck grew winded, Spitz took to rushing, and he kept him staggering for footing.

untouched - intatto

streaming - treaming, (stream), corrente, ruscello, rivo, flusso

desperate - disperato

whichever - qualunque, qualsiasi, qualsivoglia

winded - sbilanciato

staggering - sconcertante, sconvolgente

Once Buck went over, and the whole circle of sixty dogs started up; but he recovered himself, almost in mid air, and the circle sank down again and waited.

started up - avviato

But Buck possessed a quality that made for greatness-imagination. He fought by instinct, but he could fight by head as well. He rushed, as though attempting the old shoulder trick, but at the last instant swept low to the snow and in. His teeth closed on Spitz's left fore leg. There was a crunch of breaking bone, and the white dog faced him on three legs.

quality - qualita

greatness - grandezza

imagination - immaginazione

instinct - istinto

attempting - tentare, cercare, provare, attentare, tentativo

crunch - sgranocchiare, scricchiolare, croccare, spiaccicarsi, masticare

Thrice he tried to knock him over, then repeated the trick and broke the right fore leg. Despite the pain and helplessness, Spitz struggled madly to keep up. He saw the silent circle, with gleaming eyes, lolling tongues, and silvery breaths drifting upward, closing in upon him as he had seen similar circles close in upon beaten antagonists in the past.

thrice - tre volta

knock - colpo, botta, botto, autocombustione, bussare

despite - nonostante, sebbene, malgrado

helplessness - impotenza

tongues - lingua, linguetta

silvery - argenteo, argentato, argentino

circles - cerchio, disco, sfera, curva, circolo, gruppo, cenacolo

antagonists - antagonista, oppositore, avversario, concorrente

Only this time he was the one who was beaten.

There was no hope for him. Buck was inexorable. Mercy was a thing reserved for gentler climes. He manoeuvred for the final rush. The circle had tightened till he could feel the breaths of the huskies on his flanks. He could see them, beyond Spitz and to either side, half crouching for the spring, their eyes fixed upon him. A pause seemed to fall.

inexorable - inesorabile

mercy - misericordia, pieta, compassione, benevolenza

reserved - riserva, riservare

gentler - gentile

climes - clima

manoeuvred - manovra

flanks - aggirare il fianco, proteggere il fianco, fiancheggiare, affiancare, soccoscio

either - ciascuno, entrambi, ogni, neanche, nemmeno

crouching - accucciarsi

fixed - aggiustare, riparare, mettere una pezza, sistemare, preparare

pause - mettere in pausa, pausa

Every animal was motionless as though turned to stone. Only Spitz quivered and bristled as he staggered back and forth, snarling with horrible menace, as though to frighten off impending death. Then Buck sprang in and out; but while he was in, shoulder had at last squarely met shoulder. The dark circle became a dot on the moon-flooded snow as Spitz disappeared from view.

motionless - immobile, immoto, inerte

stone - pietra, roccia, sasso, tsassolino, gemma

horrible - orribile, terribile

menace - minaccia

frighten - spaurire, spaventare

squarely - in modo corretto

dot - punto

moon - Luna

flooded - inondazione, alluvione

view - vista, veduta, visualizzazione, visione, opinione

Buck stood and looked on, the successful champion, the dominant primordial beast who had made his kill and found it good.

successful - di successo, coronato dal successo, riuscito

champion - campione, campionessa

Chapter IV. Who Has Won to Mastership

Mastership - Padronanza

"Eh? Wot I say? I spik true w'en I say dat Buck two devils." This was Francois's speech next morning when he discovered Spitz missing and Buck covered with wounds. He drew him to the fire and by its light pointed them out.

Speech - parola, discorso

"Dat Spitz fight lak hell," said Perrault, as he surveyed the gaping rips and cuts.

surveyed - sondaggio, inchiesta, indagine, ricognizione

gaping - vuoto

rips - strappare

"An'dat Buck fight lak two hells," was Francois's answer. "An'now we make good time. No more Spitz, no more trouble, sure."

hells - inferno

While Perrault packed the camp outfit and loaded the sled, the dog-driver proceeded to harness the dogs. Buck trotted up to the place Spitz would have occupied as leader; but Francois, not noticing him, brought Sol-leks to the coveted position. In his judgment, Sol-leks was the best lead-dog left. Buck sprang upon Sol-leks in a fury, driving him back and standing in his place.

outfit - completo, tenuta

trotted - trottare

noticing - percezione, notifica, avviso, comunicazione, preavviso, notare

coveted - concupire, bramare

judgment - giudizio, sentenza, verdetto, pronuncia

"Eh? eh?" Francois cried, slapping his thighs gleefully. "Look at dat Buck. Heem keel dat Spitz, heem t'ink to take de job."

slapping - schiaffo, ceffone, sberla, schiaffeggiare, colpire

thighs - coscia

gleefully - allegramente

de - ordine del giorno

"Go 'way, Chook!" he cried, but Buck refused to budge.

Chook - Un gallo

He took Buck by the scruff of the neck, and though the dog growled threateningly, dragged him to one side and replaced Sol-leks. The old dog did not like it, and showed plainly that he was afraid of Buck. Francois was obdurate, but when he turned his back Buck again displaced Sol-leks, who was not at all unwilling to go.

scruff - collottola

threateningly - minacciosamente

replaced - sostituire, rimpiazzare, riporre

obdurate - ostinato

displaced - rimpiazzare, sostituire

unwilling - non vuole

Francois was angry. "Now, by Gar, I feex you!" he cried, coming back with a heavy club in his hand.

feex - ordine del giorno

Buck remembered the man in the red sweater, and retreated slowly; nor did he attempt to charge in when Sol-leks was once more brought forward. But he circled just beyond the range of the club, snarling with bitterness and rage; and while he circled he watched the club so as to dodge it if thrown by Francois, for he was become wise in the way of clubs.

retreated - ritirarsi

brought forward - portato avanti

range - catena, fornello, stufa a legna, piano cottura, varieta, gamma

bitterness - amarezza

Dodge - schivare, scansare, eludere

thrown - gettare, lanciare

The driver went about his work, and he called to Buck when he was ready to put him in his old place in front of Dave. Buck retreated two or three steps. Francois followed him up, whereupon he again retreated. After some time of this, Francois threw down the club, thinking that Buck feared a thrashing. But Buck was in open revolt. He wanted, not to escape a clubbing, but to have the leadership.

steps - passo

feared - paura

thrashing - sbattimento, (thrash), infierire, sferzare, percuotere

It was his by right. He had earned it, and he would not be content with less.

earned - guadagnare

content with - essere soddisfatto di

Perrault took a hand. Between them they ran him about for the better part of an hour. They threw clubs at him. He dodged. They cursed him, and his fathers and mothers before him, and all his seed to come after him down to the remotest generation, and every hair on his body and drop of blood in his veins; and he answered curse with snarl and kept out of their reach.

dodged - schivare, scansare, eludere

cursed - maledetto

seed - seme

remotest - remoto

generation - generazione

drop - goccia

veins - vena, venatura

reach - arrivare a, raggiungere

He did not try to run away, but retreated around and around the camp, advertising plainly that when his desire was met, he would come in and be good.

advertising - pubblicita, (advertise), annunciare, promuovere, divulgare

Francois sat down and scratched his head. Perrault looked at his watch and swore. Time was flying, and they should have been on the trail an hour gone. Francois scratched his head again. He shook it and grinned sheepishly at the courier, who shrugged his shoulders in sign that they were beaten. Then Francois went up to where Sol-leks stood and called to Buck.

scratched - grattare, graffiare, raspare, obliterare, graffio

sheepishly - con fare peccaminoso

shrugged - spalluccia, fare spallucce

sign - segno

Buck laughed, as dogs laugh, yet kept his distance. Francois unfastened Sol-leks's traces and put him back in his old place. The team stood harnessed to the sled in an unbroken line, ready for the trail. There was no place for Buck save at the front. Once more Francois called, and once more Buck laughed and kept away.

distance - distanza

unfastened - sciogliere, svergare

unbroken - ininterrotto

kept away - tenere lontano

"T'row down de club," Perrault commanded.

Row - fila

Francois complied, whereupon Buck trotted in, laughing triumphantly, and swung around into position at the head of the team. His traces were fastened, the sled broken out, and with both men running they dashed out on to the river trail.

complied - concordare, adattarsi, conformarsi, attuare

triumphantly - trionfalmente

broken out - scoppiato

dashed - lineetta, linea, scatto, spruzzo, pizzico, goccio, saltare

Highly as the dog-driver had forevalued Buck, with his two devils, he found, while the day was yet young, that he had undervalued. At a bound Buck took up the duties of leadership; and where judgment was required, and quick thinking and quick acting, he showed himself the superior even of Spitz, of whom Francois had never seen an equal.

highly - altamente

forevalued - sopravvalutato

undervalued - sottovalutare

bound - vincolato, (bind), legare, connettere, rilegare

duties - dovere, obbligo, servizio, attivita, tassa, dazio

acting - recitare, (act), atto, legge, numero, scena, messinscena, agire

superior - superiore, sovraordinato

But it was in giving the law and making his mates live up to it, that Buck excelled. Dave and Sol-leks did not mind the change in leadership. It was none of their business. Their business was to toil, and toil mightily, in the traces. So long as that were not interfered with, they did not care what happened. Billee, the good-natured, could lead for all they cared, so long as he kept order.

excelled - superare, eccellere, brillare, primeggiare

mightily - con forza

interfered - impicciarsi, impedire

care - cura, attenzione

The rest of the team, however, had grown unruly during the last days of Spitz, and their surprise was great now that Buck proceeded to lick them into shape.

unruly - indisciplinato

Pike, who pulled at Buck's heels, and who never put an ounce more of his weight against the breast-band than he was compelled to do, was swiftly and repeatedly shaken for loafing; and ere the first day was done he was pulling more than ever before in his life. The first night in camp, Joe, the sour one, was punished roundly-a thing that Spitz had never succeeded in doing.

ounce - oncia

shaken - scuotere, agitare, scuotere la testa, scioccare, atterrire

loafing - oziare

first night - prima notte

roundly - in modo circolare

Buck simply smothered him by virtue of superior weight, and cut him up till he ceased snapping and began to whine for mercy.

Simply - semplicemente, in parole povere

smothered - soffocare, asfissiare

whine - piagnisteo, lagna, sibilo, piagnucolio

The general tone of the team picked up immediately. It recovered its old-time solidarity, and once more the dogs leaped as one dog in the traces. At the Rink Rapids two native huskies, Teek and Koona, were added; and the celerity with which Buck broke them in took away Francois's breath.

tone - tono

picked - foto

immediately - immediatamente, subito, su due piedi

Rink - (pista di pattinaggio)

rapids - rapido, deciso, rapida, cataratta

native - nativo, natio, indigeno, autoctono

celerity - celerita

took away - portare via

"Nevaire such a dog as dat Buck!" he cried. "No, nevaire! Heem worth one t'ousan'dollair, by Gar! Eh? Wot you say, Perrault?"

ousan - ordine del giorno

dollair - ordine del giorno

And Perrault nodded. He was ahead of the record then, and gaining day by day. The trail was in excellent condition, well packed and hard, and there was no new-fallen snow with which to contend. It was not too cold. The temperature dropped to fifty below zero and remained there the whole trip. The men rode and ran by turn, and the dogs were kept on the jump, with but infrequent stoppages.

gaining - guadagnare

excellent - eccellente, eccezionale

contend - contendere, combattere

temperature - temperatura, febbre

jump - saltare, far saltare

infrequent - infrequente, raro

stoppages - arresto

The Thirty Mile River was comparatively coated with ice, and they covered in one day going out what had taken them ten days coming in. In one run they made a sixty-mile dash from the foot of Lake Le Barge to the White Horse Rapids. Across Marsh, Tagish, and Bennett (seventy miles of lakes), they flew so fast that the man whose turn it was to run towed behind the sled at the end of a rope.

comparatively - relativamente

Dash - lineetta, linea, scatto, spruzzo, pizzico, goccio, saltare

Marsh - palude

towed - rimorchiare, trainare

And on the last night of the second week they topped White Pass and dropped down the sea slope with the lights of Skaguay and of the shipping at their feet.

topped - cima, sommita, coperchio, cappuccio, parte superiore, top

slope - pendio, pendenza, inclinazione, muso giallo, digradare, loor

Shipping - Spedizione

It was a record run. Each day for fourteen days they had averaged forty miles. For three days Perrault and Francois threw chests up and down the main street of Skaguay and were deluged with invitations to drink, while the team was the constant centre of a worshipful crowd of dog-busters and mushers.

record run - corsa record

averaged - media

chests - petto

deluged - diluvio, inondare, allagare, sommergere, tempestare

invitations - invito

worshipful - di culto

crowd - folla

mushers - usher

Then three or four western bad men aspired to clean out the town, were riddled like pepper-boxes for their pains, and public interest turned to other idols. Next came official orders. Francois called Buck to him, threw his arms around him, wept over him. And that was the last of Francois and Perrault. Like other men, they passed out of Buck's life for good.

Western - occidentale, western

aspired - aspirare

riddled - indovinello

pains - dolore

public interest - interesse pubblico

idols - idolo, idol

official - ufficiale, funzionario

wept - piangere

A Scotch half-breed took charge of him and his mates, and in company with a dozen other dog-teams he started back over the weary trail to Dawson. It was no light running now, nor record time, but heavy toil each day, with a heavy load behind; for this was the mail train, carrying word from the world to the men who sought gold under the shadow of the Pole.

record time - tempo record

mail - posta

gold - oro, d'oro

shadow - ombra, pedinare

Buck did not like it, but he bore up well to the work, taking pride in it after the manner of Dave and Sol-leks, and seeing that his mates, whether they prided in it or not, did their fair share. It was a monotonous life, operating with machine-like regularity. One day was very like another. At a certain time each morning the cooks turned out, fires were built, and breakfast was eaten.

monotonous - monocorde, monotono

operating - operare, lavorare, influenzare, controllare, manipolare

regularity - regolarita

Then, while some broke camp, others harnessed the dogs, and they were under way an hour or so before the darkness fell which gave warning of dawn. At night, camp was made. Some pitched the flies, others cut firewood and pine boughs for the beds, and still others carried water or ice for the cooks. Also, the dogs were fed.

pine - pino

To them, this was the one feature of the day, though it was good to loaf around, after the fish was eaten, for an hour or so with the other dogs, of which there were fivescore and odd. There were fierce fighters among them, but three battles with the fiercest brought Buck to mastery, so that when he bristled and showed his teeth they got out of his way.

feature - caratteristica

fivescore - ordine del giorno

odd - spaiato, strano, strambo, dispari, caffo, occasionale

fighters - combattente, lottatore, guerriero, caccia

battles - battaglia

fiercest - feroce, risoluto

Best of all, perhaps, he loved to lie near the fire, hind legs crouched under him, fore legs stretched out in front, head raised, and eyes blinking dreamily at the flames.

Perhaps - forse

lie - bugia

crouched - accucciarsi

stretched - tendere

blinking - sbattere le ciglia, ammiccare, lampeggiare, segnalare

dreamily - sognante

Sometimes he thought of Judge Miller's big house in the sun-kissed Santa Clara Valley, and of the cement swimming-tank, and Ysabel, the Mexican hairless, and Toots, the Japanese pug; but oftener he remembered the man in the red sweater, the death of Curly, the great fight with Spitz, and the good things he had eaten or would like to eat. He was not homesick.

homesick - nostalgico

The Sunland was very dim and distant, and such memories had no power over him. Far more potent were the memories of his heredity that gave things he had never seen before a seeming familiarity; the instincts (which were but the memories of his ancestors become habits) which had lapsed in later days, and still later, in him, quickened and become alive again.

distant - distante, remoto

memories - memoria, ricordo

power - potere, influenza, potenza, forza, elettricita, corrente

more potent - piu potente

seeming - sembrare, (seem), parere, apparire

habits - abitudine

lapsed - giri

Sometimes as he crouched there, blinking dreamily at the flames, it seemed that the flames were of another fire, and that as he crouched by this other fire he saw another and different man from the half-breed cook before him. This other man was shorter of leg and longer of arm, with muscles that were stringy and knotty rather than rounded and swelling.

stringy - fibroso (of meat)

knotty - nodoso

Rather - rato

swelling - gonfiore, gnocco

The hair of this man was long and matted, and his head slanted back under it from the eyes. He uttered strange sounds, and seemed very much afraid of the darkness, into which he peered continually, clutching in his hand, which hung midway between knee and foot, a stick with a heavy stone made fast to the end.

matted - opaco

slanted - pendenza, inclinazione, pendio, tendenza, angolatura

under it - sotto di essa

uttered - completo, totale

continually - continuamente

clutching - afferrare

hung - appendere, attaccare

midway - a meta strada

stick - mettere, infilare

He was all but naked, a ragged and fire-scorched skin hanging part way down his back, but on his body there was much hair. In some places, across the chest and shoulders and down the outside of the arms and thighs, it was matted into almost a thick fur. He did not stand erect, but with trunk inclined forward from the hips, on legs that bent at the knees.

naked - nudo

scorched - bruciacchiatura, strinatura, bruciatura, scottatura

skin - pelle, interfaccia, scuoiare

hanging - appeso

matted - opaco

fur - pelo, pelliccia

erect - eretto

trunk - tronco, baule, cofano, proboscide, bagagliaio

inclined - inclinare

hips - anca

About his body there was a peculiar springiness, or resiliency, almost catlike, and a quick alertness as of one who lived in perpetual fear of things seen and unseen.

springiness - primaverile

resiliency - resilienza

catlike - felino, gattesco

alertness - vigilanza

At other times this hairy man squatted by the fire with head between his legs and slept. On such occasions his elbows were on his knees, his hands clasped above his head as though to shed rain by the hairy arms. And beyond that fire, in the circling darkness, Buck could see many gleaming coals, two by two, always two by two, which he knew to be the eyes of great beasts of prey.

hairy - peloso

squatted - accovacciarsi

occasions - occasione, occasionare

elbows - gomito, raccordo, gomitata, sgomitare

clasped - fibbia, gancio, fermaglio, stringere, serrare

circling - circolare, (circle), cerchio, disco, sfera, curva, circolo

coals - carbone, tizzone, checkcarbonella

prey - preda, squartamento

And he could hear the crashing of their bodies through the undergrowth, and the noises they made in the night.

crashing - frastuono

undergrowth - sottobosco

And dreaming there by the Yukon bank, with lazy eyes blinking at the fire, these sounds and sights of another world would make the hair to rise along his back and stand on end across his shoulders and up his neck, till he whimpered low and suppressedly, or growled softly, and the half-breed cook shouted at him, "Hey, you Buck, wake up!

dreaming - sognare, (dream), sogno

blinking at - lampeggiare a

sights - vista, spettacolo, mirino, vedere, avvistare, mirare

suppressedly - soppressivamente

shouted - grido

" Whereupon the other world would vanish and the real world come into his eyes, and he would get up and yawn and stretch as though he had been asleep.

vanish - sparire, svanire

yawn - sbadigliare, sbadiglio

stretch - tendere

It was a hard trip, with the mail behind them, and the heavy work wore them down. They were short of weight and in poor condition when they made Dawson, and should have had a ten days'or a week's rest at least. But in two days'time they dropped down the Yukon bank from the Barracks, loaded with letters for the outside.

The dogs were tired, the drivers grumbling, and to make matters worse, it snowed every day. This meant a soft trail, greater friction on the runners, and heavier pulling for the dogs; yet the drivers were fair through it all, and did their best for the animals.

grumbling - brontolamento, lamentela

matters - materia, problema, argomento, questione, faccenda, causa

friction - attrito, frizione, dissenso, contrasto

runners - podista, corridore, passatoia

heavier - pesante

Each night the dogs were attended to first. They ate before the drivers ate, and no man sought his sleeping-robe till he had seen to the feet of the dogs he drove. Still, their strength went down. Since the beginning of the winter they had travelled eighteen hundred miles, dragging sleds the whole weary distance; and eighteen hundred miles will tell upon life of the toughest.

attended - assistere a, seguire

sleds - slitta

Buck stood it, keeping his mates up to their work and maintaining discipline, though he, too, was very tired. Billee cried and whimpered regularly in his sleep each night. Joe was sourer than ever, and Sol-leks was unapproachable, blind side or other side.

maintaining - mantenere

sourer - agro, inasprire, deteriorarsi, degenerare

unapproachable - irraggiungibile

But it was Dave who suffered most of all. Something had gone wrong with him. He became more morose and irritable, and when camp was pitched at once made his nest, where his driver fed him. Once out of the harness and down, he did not get on his feet again till harness-up time in the morning.

gone wrong - andare male, sbagliare

more morose - piu cupo

Sometimes, in the traces, when jerked by a sudden stoppage of the sled, or by straining to start it, he would cry out with pain. The driver examined him, but could find nothing. All the drivers became interested in his case. They talked it over at meal-time, and over their last pipes before going to bed, and one night they held a consultation.

stoppage - arresto

examined - esaminare

case - caso

pipes - cornamusa, canna d'organo, condotto, tubo, pipe, barra verticale

consultation - consultazione

He was brought from his nest to the fire and was pressed and prodded till he cried out many times. Something was wrong inside, but they could locate no broken bones, could not make it out.

prodded - spingere

locate - localizzare

By the time Cassiar Bar was reached, he was so weak that he was falling repeatedly in the traces. The Scotch half-breed called a halt and took him out of the team, making the next dog, Sol-leks, fast to the sled. His intention was to rest Dave, letting him run free behind the sled.

bar - barra, tavoletta, sbarra

reached - arrivare a, raggiungere

weak - debole

run free - correre liberamente

Sick as he was, Dave resented being taken out, grunting and growling while the traces were unfastened, and whimpering broken-heartedly when he saw Sol-leks in the position he had held and served so long. For the pride of trace and trail was his, and, sick unto death, he could not bear that another dog should do his work.

resented - risentirsi di

grunting - grugnito, (grunt), grugnire

whimpering - piagnistei, (whimper), piagnucolio, piagnucolare

heartedly - di cuore

served - servizio, servire, essere in forza, operare, lavorare per

unto - verso

bear - sopportare

When the sled started, he floundered in the soft snow alongside the beaten trail, attacking Sol-leks with his teeth, rushing against him and trying to thrust him off into the soft snow on the other side, striving to leap inside his traces and get between him and the sled, and all the while whining and yelping and crying with grief and pain.

floundered - dibattersi

alongside - accanto, a fianco, congiuntamente

thrust - stoccata, spinta

grief - dolore, pena, sofferenza

The half-breed tried to drive him away with the whip; but he paid no heed to the stinging lash, and the man had not the heart to strike harder. Dave refused to run quietly on the trail behind the sled, where the going was easy, but continued to flounder alongside in the soft snow, where the going was most difficult, till exhausted.

heed - considerazione, riguardo, cura, ossequio, importare

stinging - pungente

quietly - in silenzio

flounder - dibattersi

most difficult - piu difficile

Then he fell, and lay where he fell, howling lugubriously as the long train of sleds churned by.

lugubriously - lugubremente

churned - frullare, sbattere, ribollire, spumeggiare

With the last remnant of his strength he managed to stagger along behind till the train made another stop, when he floundered past the sleds to his own, where he stood alongside Sol-leks. His driver lingered a moment to get a light for his pipe from the man behind. Then he returned and started his dogs.

remnant - resto, rimanenza, avanzo, residuo, scampolo

stagger - barcollare, (stag), cervo, bue

lingered - indugiare, sostare, trattenersi, attardarsi

pipe - cornamusa, canna d'organo, condotto, tubo, pipe, barra verticale

They swung out on the trail with remarkable lack of exertion, turned their heads uneasily, and stopped in surprise. The driver was surprised, too; the sled had not moved. He called his comrades to witness the sight. Dave had bitten through both of Sol-leks's traces, and was standing directly in front of the sled in his proper place.

uneasily - con disagio

comrades - compagno, compagna, checkcamerata

witness - testimone

bitten through - rosicchiare

proper - adatto, appropriato, decente, proprio, checkproprio

He pleaded with his eyes to remain there. The driver was perplexed. His comrades talked of how a dog could break its heart through being denied the work that killed it, and recalled instances they had known, where dogs, too old for the toil, or injured, had died because they were cut out of the traces.

pleaded - dichiararsi (lcolpevole o lnoncolpevole)

remain - stare, restare, rimanere

perplexed - confondere, rendere perplesso

denied - negare

recalled - ritirare, revocare, richiamare, rammentare, ricordare

instances - volta

Also, they held it a mercy, since Dave was to die anyway, that he should die in the traces, heart-easy and content. So he was harnessed in again, and proudly he pulled as of old, though more than once he cried out involuntarily from the bite of his inward hurt.

anyway - senza riguardo, comunque, in ogni caso, ad ogni modo

content - contento, soddisfatto

proudly - fieramente

inward - intimo

Several times he fell down and was dragged in the traces, and once the sled ran upon him so that he limped thereafter in one of his hind legs.

But he held out till camp was reached, when his driver made a place for him by the fire. Morning found him too weak to travel. At harness-up time he tried to crawl to his driver. By convulsive efforts he got on his feet, staggered, and fell. Then he wormed his way forward slowly toward where the harnesses were being put on his mates.

crawl - strisciare, trascinarsi

convulsive - convulsivo

efforts - sforzo

wormed - verme, miserabile, drago

He would advance his fore legs and drag up his body with a sort of hitching movement, when he would advance his fore legs and hitch ahead again for a few more inches. His strength left him, and the last his mates saw of him he lay gasping in the snow and yearning toward them. But they could hear him mournfully howling till they passed out of sight behind a belt of river timber.

drag - trascinare, tirare

hitching - nodo, nodi, gancio, ganci, inconveniente, intoppo

yearning - desiderio

mournfully - con tristezza

belt - cintura, cintola, cinghia, colpo, cinghiata, zona

Here the train was halted. The Scotch half-breed slowly retraced his steps to the camp they had left. The men ceased talking. A revolver-shot rang out. The man came back hurriedly. The whips snapped, the bells tinkled merrily, the sleds churned along the trail; but Buck knew, and every dog knew, what had taken place behind the belt of river trees.

halted - fermare, fermarsi

retraced - ripercorrere, (tornare indietro)

revolver - rivoltella, revolver

rang - ordine del giorno

hurriedly - frettolosamente

whips - frusta, nerbo, sferza, sferzare, flagellare

tinkled - tintinnare, scampanellare

merrily - allegramente

Chapter V. The Toil of Trace and Trail

Thirty days from the time it left Dawson, the Salt Water Mail, with Buck and his mates at the fore, arrived at Skaguay. They were in a wretched state, worn out and worn down. Buck's one hundred and forty pounds had dwindled to one hundred and fifteen. The rest of his mates, though lighter dogs, had relatively lost more weight than he.

wretched - misero

state - Stato

dwindled - restringersi, diminuire

relatively - relativamente

Pike, the malingerer, who, in his lifetime of deceit, had often successfully feigned a hurt leg, was now limping in earnest. Sol-leks was limping, and Dub was suffering from a wrenched shoulder-blade.

lifetime - durata, vita utile, vita, un'eternita

deceit - falsita, mendacita, inganno, trucco, malafede

successfully - con successo

feigned - fingere, simulare, immaginarsi, inventarsi, dissimulare

limping - zoppicare

earnest - serio

wrenched - strappare

shoulder-blade - (shoulder-blade) scapola

They were all terribly footsore. No spring or rebound was left in them. Their feet fell heavily on the trail, jarring their bodies and doubling the fatigue of a day's travel. There was nothing the matter with them except that they were dead tired.

Terribly - terribilmente, estremamente

footsore - piedi

rebound - rimbalzare, (rebind), rifasciare

jarring - stridente, imbottigliamento, inscatolamento

doubling - raddoppiatura, (double), doppio, doppia, sosia, doppione

fatigue - stanchezza, affaticamento, corvé, usura

dead tired - stanco morto

It was not the dead-tiredness that comes through brief and excessive effort, from which recovery is a matter of hours; but it was the dead-tiredness that comes through the slow and prolonged strength drainage of months of toil. There was no power of recuperation left, no reserve strength to call upon. It had been all used, the last least bit of it.

tiredness - sfinitezza, stanchezza

recovery - recupero, ricupero

prolonged - prologo

drainage - drenaggio

recuperation - recupero

reserve - riserva, riservare

Every muscle, every fibre, every cell, was tired, dead tired. And there was reason for it. In less than five months they had travelled twenty-five hundred miles, during the last eighteen hundred of which they had had but five days'rest. When they arrived at Skaguay they were apparently on their last legs.

fibre - fibra

cell - cella

apparently - chiaramente, evidentemente, apparentemente, sembra che

They could barely keep the traces taut, and on the down grades just managed to Keep out of the way of the sled.

barely - appena, malapena

taut - teso, tirato, conciso, ansioso

grades - laureato

Keep out - Tenere fuori

"Mush on, poor sore feets," the driver encouraged them as they tottered down the main street of Skaguay. "Dis is de las'. Den we get one long res'. Eh? For sure. One bully long res'."

sore - dolente, doloroso

feets - piedi

encouraged - incoraggiare, raccomandare, esortare, favorire

tottered - barcollare

The drivers confidently expected a long stopover. Themselves, they had covered twelve hundred miles with two days'rest, and in the nature of reason and common justice they deserved an interval of loafing.

stopover - talian: t-needed

themselves - essi stessi

interval - intervallo

But so many were the men who had rushed into the Klondike, and so many were the sweethearts, wives, and kin that had not rushed in, that the congested mail was taking on Alpine proportions; also, there were official orders. Fresh batches of Hudson Bay dogs were to take the places of those worthless for the trail.

sweethearts - gentile, cara, caro, amore

kin - famiglia

congested - congestione

Alpine - alpestre, alpino

proportions - proporzione

batches - infornata, lotto, partita, mucchio

Hudson - Hudson

bay - baia

worthless - inutile, insignificante, senza valore

The worthless ones were to be got rid of, and, since dogs count for little against dollars, they were to be sold.

rid - sbarazzare

be sold - essere venduto

Three days passed, by which time Buck and his mates found how really tired and weak they were. Then, on the morning of the fourth day, two men from the States came along and bought them, harness and all, for a song. The men addressed each other as "Hal" and "Charles.

States - stato, dichiarare, statuire, esporre, indicare

Charles - Carlo

" Charles was a middle-aged, lightish-colored man, with weak and watery eyes and a mustache that twisted fiercely and vigorously up, giving the lie to the limply drooping lip it concealed. Hal was a youngster of nineteen or twenty, with a big Colt's revolver and a hunting-knife strapped about him on a belt that fairly bristled with cartridges. This belt was the most salient thing about him.

Middle - mezzo, centro, cintura, checkmeta, medio, mezzano, centrale

lightish - leggero

watery - acquoso, acqueo, bagnato, inzuppato

mustache - baffi

vigorously - vigorosamente

lip - labbro, beccuccio

concealed - nascondere, celare

youngster - giovane

Colt - puledro

hunting-knife - (hunting-knife) coltello da caccia

strapped - cinghia, cinturino, correggia, reggetta

fairly - in modo equo

cartridges - cartuccia

salient - saliente, rilevante, degno di nota, pertinente

It advertised his callowness-a callowness sheer and unutterable. Both men were manifestly out of place, and why such as they should adventure the North is part of the mystery of things that passes understanding.

advertised - annunciare, promuovere, divulgare, pubblicizzare

callowness - insensibilita

unutterable - impronunciabile, improferibile, indicibile, inenarrabile

manifestly - manifestamente

adventure - avventura

passes - passare

Buck heard the chaffering, saw the money pass between the man and the Government agent, and knew that the Scotch half-breed and the mail-train drivers were passing out of his life on the heels of Perrault and Francois and the others who had gone before.

agent - agente

When driven with his mates to the new owners'camp, Buck saw a slipshod and slovenly affair, tent half stretched, dishes unwashed, everything in disorder; also, he saw a woman. "Mercedes" the men called her. She was Charles's wife and Hal's sister-a nice family party.

owners - proprietario, proprietaria

slipshod - sciatto

slovenly - sciatto, sudicio, sporco, trascurato

affair - affare

unwashed - non lavato

disorder - disordine, disturbo

Buck watched them apprehensively as they proceeded to take down the tent and load the sled. There was a great deal of effort about their manner, but no businesslike method. The tent was rolled into an awkward bundle three times as large as it should have been. The tin dishes were packed away unwashed.

apprehensively - con apprensione

take down - abbattere

deal - accordo

businesslike - professionale

method - metodo

bundle - insieme, fascina, fascio, pacchetto, fagotto

tin - stagno, lattina, barattolo, gamella

packed away - impacchettato

Mercedes continually fluttered in the way of her men and kept up an unbroken chattering of remonstrance and advice.

fluttered - garrire, sventolare, svolazzare, ondeggiare, sbattere le ali

kept up - mantenuto

chattering - chiacchierare

remonstrance - protesta

When they put a clothes-sack on the front of the sled, she suggested it should go on the back; and when they had put it on the back, and covered it over with a couple of other bundles, she discovered overlooked articles which could abide nowhere else but in that very sack, and they unloaded again.

sack - sacco

suggested - proporre, suggerire

couple - coppia, paio, agganciare, accoppiare

bundles - insieme, fascina, fascio, pacchetto, fagotto

overlooked - dare su

abide - sopportare, tollerare, dimorare, risiedere

unloaded - discaricare

Three men from a neighboring tent came out and looked on, grinning and winking at one another.

neighboring - vicino

grinning - sogghignare

winking - ammiccare

"You've got a right smart load as it is," said one of them; "and it's not me should tell you your business, but I wouldn't tote that tent along if I was you."

smart - elegante

tote - portare, trasportare

"Undreamed of!" cried Mercedes, throwing up her hands in dainty dismay. "However in the world could I manage without a tent?"

throwing - lanciare

dismay - abbattere, abbattersi, mortificare, mortificarsi, scoraggiare

manage - dirigere, managgiare, riuscire, arrangiarsi, maneggiare

"It's springtime, and you won't get any more cold weather," the man replied.

springtime - primavera

She shook her head decidedly, and Charles and Hal put the last odds and ends on top the mountainous load.

decidedly - decisamente

mountainous - montagnoso

"Think it'll ride?" one of the men asked.

"Why shouldn't it?" Charles demanded rather shortly.

shouldn - dovrebbe

Rather - preferibilmente, piuttosto, abbastanza, meglio

shortly - subito, tra poco, in breve

"Oh, That's all right, that's all right," the man hastened meekly to say. "I was just a-wonderin', that is all. It seemed a mite top-heavy."

That's all right - Va bene cosi

hastened - affrettarsi, sbrigarsi, affrettare, anticipare

meekly - docilmente

wonderin - chiedersi

mite - acaro

Charles turned his back and drew the lashings down as well as he could, which was not in the least well.

"An'of course the dogs can hike along all day with that contraption behind them," affirmed a second of the men.

hike - camminata, passeggiata, escursione, impennata, balzo

contraption - aggeggio, congegno, marchingegno, trabiccolo, ferro vecchio

affirmed - affermare

"Certainly," said Hal, with freezing politeness, taking hold of the gee-pole with one hand and swinging his whip from the other. "Mush!" he shouted. "Mush on there!"

Certainly - certamente, senza dubbio, non ci piove, evidentemente

freezing - talian: t-needed

politeness - cortesia

taking hold - prendere piede

The dogs sprang against the breast-bands, strained hard for a few moments, then relaxed. They were unable to move the sled.

unable - incapace

"The lazy brutes, I'll show them," he cried, preparing to lash out at them with the whip.

But Mercedes interfered, crying, "Oh, Hal, you mustn't," as she caught hold of the whip and wrenched it from him. "The poor dears! Now you must promise you won't be harsh with them for the rest of the trip, or I won't go a step."

mustn - non deve

promise - promessa, giuramento, voto, promettere, giurare

harsh - grossolano, ruvido, rude, aspro (taste), accidentato

"Precious lot you know about dogs," her brother sneered; "and I wish you'd leave me alone. They're lazy, I tell you, and you've got to whip them to get anything out of them. That's their way. You ask any one. Ask one of those men."

precious - prezioso, adorato, unico

sneered - ghignare, sogghignare, ghigno, sogghigno

wish - desiderio, voglia, volere, desiderare, augurare

Mercedes looked at them imploringly, untold repugnance at sight of pain written in her pretty face.

imploringly - implorante

untold - non raccontato

repugnance - ripugnanza

at sight - a vista

"They're weak as water, if you want to know," came the reply from one of the men. "Plum tuckered out, that's what's the matter. They need a rest."

plum - prugna

"Rest be blanked," said Hal, with his beardless lips; and Mercedes said, "Oh!" in pain and sorrow at the oath.

blanked - intonso, in bianco, vuoto, intatto, vergine, cartuccia a salve

beardless - imberbe, sbarbato

sorrow - tristezza, dolore, pena, afflizione

But she was a clannish creature, and rushed at once to the defence of her brother. "Never mind that man," she said pointedly. "You're driving our dogs, and you do what you think best with them."

clannish - clanico

creature - creatura

pointedly - in modo deciso

Again Hal's whip fell upon the dogs. They threw themselves against the breast-bands, dug their feet into the packed snow, got down low to it, and put forth all their strength. The sled held as though it were an anchor. After two efforts, they stood still, panting. The whip was whistling savagely, when once more Mercedes interfered.

packed snow - neve compatta

anchor - ancora

She dropped on her knees before Buck, with tears in her eyes, and put her arms around his neck.

Tears - lacrima

"You poor, poor dears," she cried sympathetically, "why don't you pull hard?-then you wouldn't be whipped." Buck did not like her, but he was feeling too miserable to resist her, taking it as part of the day's miserable work.

sympathetically - con simpatia

whipped - frusta, nerbo, sferza, sferzare, flagellare

resist - resistere

One of the onlookers, who had been clenching his teeth to suppress hot speech, now spoke up:-

clenching - stringere

Suppress - sopprimere

"It's not that I care a whoop what becomes of you, but for the dogs'sakes I just want to tell you, you can help them a mighty lot by breaking out that sled. The runners are froze fast. Throw your weight against the gee-pole, right and left, and break it out."

whoop - grido, urlo

sakes - (per amore di)

mighty - potente, possente

breaking out - scoppiare

froze - gelare

throw - gettare, lanciare

A third time the attempt was made, but this time, following the advice, Hal broke out the runners which had been frozen to the snow. The overloaded and unwieldy sled forged ahead, Buck and his mates struggling frantically under the rain of blows. A hundred yards ahead the path turned and sloped steeply into the main street.

broke out - scoppiare

overloaded - sovraccaricare

unwieldy - scomodo, ingombrante

forged - fucina, fornace

frantically - freneticamente

sloped - pendio, pendenza, inclinazione, muso giallo, digradare, loor

steeply - in modo ripido

It would have required an experienced man to keep the top-heavy sled upright, and Hal was not such a man. As they swung on the turn the sled went over, spilling half its load through the loose lashings. The dogs never stopped. The lightened sled bounded on its side behind them. They were angry because of the ill treatment they had received and the unjust load. Buck was raging.

upright - eretto, in verticale, dritto, in piedi, integro

spilling - versamento, (spill), rovesciare, versare

loose - largo

lightened - schiarire

unjust - ingiusto

He broke into a run, the team following his lead. Hal cried "Whoa! whoa!" but they gave no heed. He tripped and was pulled off his feet. The capsized sled ground over him, and the dogs dashed on up the street, adding to the gayety of Skaguay as they scattered the remainder of the outfit along its chief thoroughfare.

lead - piombo

Whoa - Ehi

gayety - gayezza

scattered - disperdere, disperdersi, sparpagliare, cospargere, deflettere

chief - capo, direzione

thoroughfare - talian: t-needed

Kind-hearted citizens caught the dogs and gathered up the scattered belongings. Also, they gave advice. Half the load and twice the dogs, if they ever expected to reach Dawson, was what was said. Hal and his sister and brother-in-law listened unwillingly, pitched tent, and overhauled the outfit.

hearted - cuore

citizens - cittadino, cittadina, residente, civile

belongings - appartenenza

unwillingly - svogliatamente, malvolentieri, di malavoglia

overhauled - revisione, revisionare

Canned goods were turned out that made men laugh, for canned goods on the Long Trail is a thing to dream about. "Blankets for a hotel" quoth one of the men who laughed and helped. "Half as many is too much; get rid of them. throw away that tent, and all those dishes,-who's going to wash them, anyway? Good Lord, do you think you're travelling on a Pullman?"

Canned - in scatola

dream - sogno, sognare

blankets - coperta, coltre, mantello

quoth - come si dice

throw away - buttare via

Lord - castellano, signore, nobile, nobiluomo, nobildonna, dominare

travelling on - viaggiare su

And so it went, the inexorable elimination of the superfluous. Mercedes cried when her clothes-bags were dumped on the ground and article after article was thrown out. She cried in general, and she cried in particular over each discarded thing. She clasped hands about knees, rocking back and forth broken-heartedly. She averred she would not go an inch, not for a dozen Charleses.

elimination - eliminazione

superfluous - superfluo

dumped - buttare

particular - specifico, proprio, particolare, speciale, minuzioso

Rocking - Dondolo

averred - Qué

inch - pollice

Charleses - Carlo

She appealed to everybody and to everything, finally wiping her eyes and proceeding to cast out even articles of apparel that were imperative necessaries. And in her zeal, when she had finished with her own, she attacked the belongings of her men and went through them like a tornado.

appealed - fare appello, ricorrere

wiping - pulendo

proceeding - procedimento, (proceed), procedere

cast - gettare, posare, lanciare, addizionare, sommare, calcolare

apparel - abbigliamento

necessaries - necessario

zeal - zelo

tornado - tornado, tromba d'aria

This accomplished, the outfit, though cut in half, was still a formidable bulk. Charles and Hal went out in the evening and bought six Outside dogs. These, added to the six of the original team, and Teek and Koona, the huskies obtained at the Rink Rapids on the record trip, brought the team up to fourteen.

formidable - spaventoso

bulk - massa, mole, volume, blocco, grosso

original - primitivo, originale, primo, inedito, originario

obtained - ottenere, riuscire, avere, stabilirsi

team up - unirsi a una squadra

But the Outside dogs, though practically broken in since their landing, did not amount to much. Three were short-haired pointers, one was a Newfoundland, and the other two were mongrels of indeterminate breed. They did not seem to know anything, these newcomers.

practically - praticamente

broken in - interrotto

amount to - ammontare a

haired - capelli

pointers - bacchetta, indicatore, puntatore, cane da punta, bracco

mongrels - bastardo, bastardino

indeterminate - indeterminato

Buck and his comrades looked upon them with disgust, and though he speedily taught them their places and what not to do, he could not teach them what to do. They did not take kindly to trace and trail. With the exception of the two mongrels, they were bewildered and spirit-broken by the strange savage environment in which they found themselves and by the ill treatment they had received.

disgust - disgustare, ripugnare, nauseare, stomacare

kindly - gentilmente

bewildered - confondere, disorientare, sconcertare

spirit - spirito

The two mongrels were without spirit at all; bones were the only things breakable about them.

breakable - rompibile

With the newcomers hopeless and forlorn, and the old team worn out by twenty-five hundred miles of continuous trail, the outlook was anything but bright. The two men, however, were quite cheerful. And they were proud, too. They were doing the thing in style, with fourteen dogs.

hopeless - disperato

continuous - continuo

outlook - punto di vista, prospettiva

bright - luminoso, brillante

cheerful - allegro, felice, gioioso, luminoso

proud - orgoglioso, fiero

They had seen other sleds depart over the pass for Dawson, or come in from Dawson, but never had they seen a sled with so many as fourteen dogs. In the nature of Arctic travel there was a reason why fourteen dogs should not drag one sled, and that was that one sled could not carry the food for fourteen dogs. But Charles and Hal did not know this.

depart - partire, andar via, allontanarsi, dipartire, deviare

pass for - passare per

They had worked the trip out with a pencil, so much to a dog, so many dogs, so many days, Q.E.D. Mercedes looked over their shoulders and nodded comprehensively, it was all so very simple.

comprehensively - in modo completo

simple - semplice, mero

Late next morning Buck led the long team up the street. There was nothing lively about it, no snap or go in him and his fellows. They were starting dead weary. Four times he had covered the distance between Salt Water and Dawson, and the knowledge that, jaded and tired, he was facing the same trail once more, made him bitter. His heart was not in the work, nor was the heart of any dog.

lively - vivace

fellows - uomo, tipo

distance between - distanza tra

jaded - Giada

The Outsides were timid and frightened, the Insides without confidence in their masters.

frightened - spaurire, spaventare

insides - interno, dentro, dall'interno, checkriservato

confidence - fiducia, autostima, certezza, sicurezza di sé, confidenza

masters - padrone

Buck felt vaguely that there was no depending upon these two men and the woman. They did not know how to do anything, and as the days went by it became apparent that they could not learn. They were slack in all things, without order or discipline.

vaguely - vagamente

depending - dipendere, fare affidamento

Slack - lento

It took them half the night to pitch a slovenly camp, and half the morning to break that camp and get the sled loaded in fashion so slovenly that for the rest of the day they were occupied in stopping and rearranging the load. Some days they did not make ten miles. On other days they were unable to get started at all.

rearranging - ricombinare, riarrangiare

And on no day did they succeed in making more than half the distance used by the men as a basis in their dog-food computation.

Succeed - succedere, riuscire

basis - fondamenta, base, cifra, ammontare, cifra base, ammontare base

computation - calcolo

It was inevitable that they should go short on dog-food. But they hastened it by overfeeding, bringing the day nearer when underfeeding would commence. The Outside dogs, whose digestions had not been trained by chronic famine to make the most of little, had voracious appetites. And when, in addition to this, the worn-out huskies pulled weakly, Hal decided that the orthodox ration was too small.

overfeeding - sovralimentare

underfeeding - sottoalimentazione

commence - cominciare

digestions - digestione, decomposizione, assimilazione

chronic - cronico

famine - carestia

voracious - vorace

appetites - appetito

Addition - addizione, aggiunta

weakly - debolmente

orthodox - ortodosso

He doubled it. And to cap it all, when Mercedes, with tears in her pretty eyes and a quaver in her throat, could not cajole him into giving the dogs still more, she stole from the fish-sacks and fed them slyly. But it was not food that Buck and the huskies needed, but rest. And though they were making poor time, the heavy load they dragged sapped their strength severely.

cap - berretto

quaver - croma

cajole - persuadere

sacks - sacco

sapped - linfa

severely - severamente

Then came the underfeeding. Hal awoke one day to the fact that his dog-food was half gone and the distance only quarter covered; further, that for love or money no additional dog-food was to be obtained. So he cut down even the orthodox ration and tried to increase the day's travel.

awoke - svegliarsi

additional - addizionale

cut down - tagliare

increase - aumentare, ingrossare, crescere, incrementare, aggravio

His sister and brother-in-law seconded him; but they were frustrated by their heavy outfit and their own incompetence. It was a simple matter to give the dogs less food; but it was impossible to make the dogs travel faster, while their own inability to get under way earlier in the morning prevented them from travelling longer hours.

frustrated - frustrare

incompetence - incompetenza

impossible - impossibile, insopportabile, impossibile (2)

inability - incapacita, inabilita

get under - entrare, mettersi sotto

prevented - impedire, prevenire

Not only did they not know how to work dogs, but they did not know how to work themselves.

The first to go was Dub. Poor blundering thief that he was, always getting caught and punished, he had none the less been a faithful worker. His wrenched shoulder-blade, untreated and unrested, went from bad to worse, till finally Hal shot him with the big Colt's revolver.

blundering - sbadataggine, (blunder), abbaglio, strafalcione, cantonata

faithful - fedele, ligio, affidabile

blade - lama, pala, filo, lamina

untreated - non trattato

unrested - agitazione

It is a saying of the country that an Outside dog starves to death on the ration of the husky, so the six Outside dogs under Buck could do no less than die on half the ration of the husky. The Newfoundland went first, followed by the three short-haired pointers, the two mongrels hanging more grittily on to life, but going in the end.

starves - morire di fame

grittily - con delicatezza

By this time all the amenities and gentlenesses of the Southland had fallen away from the three people. Shorn of its glamour and romance, Arctic travel became to them a reality too harsh for their manhood and womanhood. Mercedes ceased weeping over the dogs, being too occupied with weeping over herself and with quarrelling with her husband and brother.

amenities - amenita, talian: t-needed

gentlenesses - delicatezza, mansuetudine, dolcezza, garbo

Shorn - Tritato, (shear), tagliare, tosare, spezzare, cesoia

glamour - fascino

romance - storia d'amore, romanticheria, idillio, poesia

reality - realta

womanhood - femminilita

weeping - piangere

occupied with - occupato

To quarrel was the one thing they were never too weary to do. Their irritability arose out of their misery, increased with it, doubled upon it, outdistanced it. The wonderful patience of the trail which comes to men who toil hard and suffer sore, and remain sweet of speech and kindly, did not come to these two men and the woman. They had no inkling of such a patience.

quarrel - lite, litigio

irritability - irritabilita

arose - sorgere, apparire, nascere

misery - miseria, accidente

outdistanced - superare la distanza

suffer - soffrire, penare, patire, aggravarsi, subire, lasciare

sweet - dolcemente, dolcetto, caramella

inkling - idea, sentore

They were stiff and in pain; their muscles ached, their bones ached, their very hearts ached; and because of this they became sharp of speech, and hard words were first on their lips in the morning and last at night.

ached - dolore

Charles and Hal wrangled whenever Mercedes gave them a chance. It was the cherished belief of each that he did more than his share of the work, and neither forbore to speak this belief at every opportunity. Sometimes Mercedes sided with her husband, sometimes with her brother. The result was a beautiful and unending family quarrel.

wrangled - litigare

cherished - custodire, curare, apprezzare

belief - credito, credenza, convinzione, opinione, fede

forbore - non sopportare

sided - lato

starting from a dispute as to which should chop a few sticks for the fire (a dispute which concerned only Charles and Hal), presently would be lugged in the rest of the family, fathers, mothers, uncles, cousins, people thousands of miles away, and some of them dead.

starting from - a partire da, iniziando con

dispute - disputa, lite, bega

chop - tagliare, fare a pezzi

concerned - interesse, preoccupazione, impresa, interessare

Presently - Attualmente

lugged - trascinare

That Hal's views on art, or the sort of society plays his mother's brother wrote, should have anything to do with the chopping of a few sticks of firewood, passes comprehension; nevertheless the quarrel was as likely to tend in that direction as in the direction of Charles's political prejudices.

views - vista, veduta, visualizzazione, visione, opinione

Society - societa, associazione

chopping - tagliare

comprehension - comprensione

tend - badare a, custodire

direction - direzione, senso di marcia, regia, conduzione

political - politico

prejudices - pregiudizio

And that Charles's sister's tale-bearing tongue should be relevant to the building of a Yukon fire, was apparent only to Mercedes, who disburdened herself of copious opinions upon that topic, and incidentally upon a few other traits unpleasantly peculiar to her husband's family. In the meantime the fire remained unbuilt, the camp half pitched, and the dogs unfed.

Tale - storia, resoconto

relevant - ordine del giorno

disburdened - sgravare

copious - copioso

incidentally - incidentalmente, casualmente, per inciso

traits - caratteristica, tratto

unpleasantly - sgradevolmente

unbuilt - non costruire

unfed - non alimentato

Mercedes nursed a special grievance-the grievance of sex. She was pretty and soft, and had been chivalrously treated all her days. But the present treatment by her husband and brother was everything save chivalrous. It was her custom to be helpless. They complained. Upon which impeachment of what to her was her most essential sex-prerogative, she made their lives unendurable.

grievance - reclamo, lagnanza

sex - sesso

chivalrously - cavallerescamente

complained - lamentarsi, lagnarsi, reclamare, checklamentarsi, checklagnarsi

impeachment - destituzione, impeachment

most essential - piu essenziale

prerogative - privilegio, prerogativa, appannaggio, diritto

unendurable - insopportabile

She no longer considered the dogs, and because she was sore and tired, she persisted in riding on the sled. She was pretty and soft, but she weighed one hundred and twenty pounds-a lusty last straw to the load dragged by the weak and starving animals. She rode for days, till they fell in the traces and the sled stood still.

considered - considerare, pensare, osservare, prendere, prestare attenzione

persisted - persistere

lusty - lussurioso

straw - festuca, pagliuzza, paglia

Charles and Hal begged her to get off and walk, pleaded with her, entreated, the while she wept and importuned Heaven with a recital of their brutality.

begged - elemosinare, chiedere l'elemosina

entreated - supplicare

importuned - importunare

Heaven - cielo, paradiso

recital - recitale, considerando

brutality - brutalita

On one occasion they took her off the sled by main strength. They never did it again. She let her legs go limp like a spoiled child, and sat down on the trail. They went on their way, but she did not move. After they had travelled three miles they unloaded the sled, came back for her, and by main strength put her on the sled again.

Occasion - occasione, occasionare

spoiled - rovinare, viziare, andare a male, bottino

In the excess of their own misery they were callous to the suffering of their animals. Hal's theory, which he practised on others, was that one must get hardened. He had started out preaching it to his sister and brother-in-law. Failing there, he hammered it into the dogs with a club.

excess - eccesso, eccedenza, franchigia, eccessivo

theory - teoria

preaching - predicare, (preach)

failing - Non riuscendo

hammered - martello, cane, percussore, martellare, colpire, picchiare

At the Five Fingers the dog-food gave out, and a toothless old squaw offered to trade them a few pounds of frozen horse-hide for the Colt's revolver that kept the big hunting-knife company at Hal's hip. A poor substitute for food was this hide, just as it had been stripped from the starved horses of the cattlemen six months back.

gave out - rifiutarsi di obbedire, esaurirsi, spendere

toothless - sdentato, inefficace, impotente

squaw - a woman, wife, especially a Native American woman

offered - offrire

trade - commercio

Hip - anca

substitute - sostituire, sostituto, rimpiazzo

stripped - togliere

starved - morire di fame

cattlemen - offerta dei bestiami

In its frozen state it was more like strips of galvanized iron, and when a dog wrestled it into his stomach it thawed into thin and innutritious leathery strings and into a mass of short hair, irritating and indigestible.

state - stato, dichiarare, statuire, esporre, indicare

strips - togliere

galvanized - galvanizzare, stimolare, spingere, incitare

iron - ferreo, ferroso, ferrico, inflessibile, stirare

innutritious - innutriente

leathery - coriaceo

strings - spago, stringa, laccetto, legaccio, corda

irritating - irritare

And through it all Buck staggered along at the head of the team as in a nightmare. He pulled when he could; when he could no longer pull, he fell down and remained down till blows from whip or club drove him to his feet again. All the stiffness and gloss had gone out of his beautiful furry coat. The hair hung down, limp and draggled, or matted with dried blood where Hal's club had bruised him.

gloss - lucentezza, brillante

gone out - uscire

matted - tappetino

bruised - livido, ammaccatura

His muscles had wasted away to knotty strings, and the flesh pads had disappeared, so that each rib and every bone in his frame were outlined cleanly through the loose hide that was wrinkled in folds of emptiness. It was heartbreaking, only Buck's heart was unbreakable. The man in the red sweater had proved that.

wasted - sprecare

pads - cuscinetto

rib - costa, costola

outlined - contorno, sagoma, descrizione, sunto, bozza, contornare

cleanly - in modo pulito

wrinkled - ruga

folds - piegare

emptiness - vuoto

unbreakable - infrangibile

proved - provare, dimostrare

As it was with Buck, so was it with his mates. They were perambulating skeletons. There were seven all together, including him. In their very great misery they had become insensible to the bite of the lash or the bruise of the club. The pain of the beating was dull and distant, just as the things their eyes saw and their ears heard seemed dull and distant.

perambulating - perambulare

insensible - privo di sensi

bruise - livido, ammaccatura

beating - bastonatura, bastonata, smacco, sconfitta, sonora sconfitta

dull - spuntato, smussato, noioso, soporifero, tedioso

They were not half living, or quarter living. They were simply so many bags of bones in which sparks of life fluttered faintly. When a halt was made, they dropped down in the traces like dead dogs, and the spark dimmed and paled and seemed to go out. And when the club or whip fell upon them, the spark fluttered feebly up, and they tottered to their feet and staggered on.

sparks - scintilla

faintly - debolmente, tenuemente, fiocamente, fievolmente

dimmed - fioco, incerto

paled - pallido

feebly - debolmente

There came a day when Billee, the good-natured, fell and could not rise. Hal had traded off his revolver, so he took the axe and knocked Billee on the head as he lay in the traces, then cut the carcass out of the harness and dragged it to one side. Buck saw, and his mates saw, and they knew that this thing was very close to them.

traded - commercio, mestiere, commerciare, trafficare, scambiare

lay in - accumulare

carcass - carcassa

On the next day Koona went, and but five of them remained: Joe, too far gone to be malignant; Pike, crippled and limping, only half conscious and not conscious enough longer to malinger; Sol-leks, the one-eyed, still faithful to the toil of trace and trail, and mournful in that he had so little strength with which to pull; Teek, who had not travelled so far that winter and who was now beaten more than the others because he was fresher; and Buck, still at the head of the team, but no longer enforcing discipline or striving to enforce it, blind with weakness half the time and keeping the trail by the loom of it and by the dim feel of his feet.

conscious - cosciente, conscio, consapevole

malinger - simulare (una malattia)

fresher - matricola, studente universitario del primo anno

enforce - applicare, rispettare, fare rispettare, far valere, rafforzare

loom - telaio

It was beautiful spring weather, but neither dogs nor humans were aware of it. Each day the sun rose earlier and set later. It was dawn by three in the morning, and twilight lingered till nine at night. The whole long day was a blaze of sunshine. The ghostly winter silence had given way to the great spring murmur of awakening life.

blaze - incendio

sunshine - luce del sole

given way - cedere

murmur - mormorio, brusio, sussurro, mormorare

awakening - risveglio, rinnovamento, (awaken), svegliare, svegliarsi

This murmur arose from all the land, fraught with the joy of living. It came from the things that lived and moved again, things which had been as dead and which had not moved during the long months of frost. The sap was rising in the pines. The willows and aspens were bursting out in young buds. Shrubs and vines were putting on fresh garbs of green.

arose from - e nata da

fraught - irascibile

Sap - linfa

pines - pino

willows - salice, salcio

bursting - scoppiare, esplodere, strappare, separare, scoppio, esplosione

buds - gemma, bocciolo

shrubs - arbusto

vines - vite, vitigno, rampicante

putting on - indossare

garbs - abbigliamento

Crickets sang in the nights, and in the days all manner of creeping, crawling things rustled forth into the sun. Partridges and woodpeckers were booming and knocking in the forest. Squirrels were chattering, birds singing, and overhead honked the wild-fowl driving up from the south in cunning wedges that split the air.

Crickets - cricket

rustled - crepitare

Partridges - pernice

woodpeckers - picchio

knocking - bussare, (knock), colpo, botta, botto, autocombustione

squirrels - scoiattolo

honked - (richiamo dell'oca), (colpo di clacson)

fowl - volatile

wedges - cuneo

split - spaccata, fendere, dividere, scindere, spaccare, spartire

From every hill slope came the trickle of running water, the music of unseen fountains. All things were thawing, bending, snapping. The Yukon was straining to break loose the ice that bound it down. It ate away from beneath; the sun ate from above. Air-holes formed, fissures sprang and spread apart, while thin sections of ice fell through bodily into the river.

Hill - collina, colle

trickle - gocciolio, sgocciolio, gocciolare, sgocciolare

fountains - fontana

bending - piegare, (bend), curvare, piegarsi, curvarsi

holes - buco

fissures - fessura, spaccatura

apart - separatamente, a pezzi

bodily - corporale, corporeo, corporalmente

And amid all this bursting, rending, throbbing of awakening life, under the blazing sun and through the soft-sighing breezes, like wayfarers to death, staggered the two men, the woman, and the huskies.

amid - in mezzo a, tra

rending - spaccare

throbbing - pulsazioni, (throb), battere, picchiare, pulsare, battito

sighing - sospirare

breezes - brezza

wayfarers - viaggiatore, viandante

With the dogs falling, Mercedes weeping and riding, Hal swearing innocuously, and Charles's eyes wistfully watering, they staggered into John Thornton's camp at the mouth of White River. When they halted, the dogs dropped down as though they had all been struck dead. Mercedes dried her eyes and looked at John Thornton. Charles sat down on a log to rest.

swearing - giuramento

innocuously - innocuamente

wistfully - malinconicamente

He sat down very slowly and painstakingly what of his great stiffness. Hal did the talking. John Thornton was whittling the last touches on an axe-handle he had made from a stick of birch. He whittled and listened, gave monosyllabic replies, and, when it was asked, terse advice. He knew the breed, and he gave his advice in the certainty that it would not be followed.

painstakingly - faticosamente

whittling - sbiancare

touches - toccare, commuovere, tocco, tatto

handle - manico, maniglia

birch - betulla

whittled - intagliare

monosyllabic - monosillabico

replies - rispondere, replicare, ripetere, risposta, replica

Terse - asciutto, asciutta, essenziale, laconico

certainty - certezza

"They told us up above that the bottom was dropping out of the trail and that the best thing for us to do was to lay over," Hal said in response to Thornton's warning to take no more chances on the rotten ice. "They told us we couldn't make White River, and here we are." This last with a sneering ring of triumph in it.

dropping out - abbandonare

response - responso, risposta

chances - caso

rotten - marcito, marcio, malvagio

sneering - sogghignare, (sneer), ghignare, ghigno, sogghigno

triumph - trionfo

"And they told you true," John Thornton answered. "The bottom's likely to drop out at any moment. Only fools, with the blind luck of fools, could have made it. I tell you straight, I wouldn't risk my carcass on that ice for all the gold in Alaska."

drop out - ritirarsi, lasciare

fools - stolto, buffone, giullare, pagliaccio, buffone di corte, matto

luck - fortuna

Alaska - Alaska, Alasca

"That's because you're not a fool, I suppose," said Hal. "All the same, we'll go on to Dawson." He uncoiled his whip. "Get up there, Buck! Hi! Get up there! Mush on!"

suppose - supporre, immaginare

uncoiled - srotolarsi

Thornton went on whittling. It was idle, he knew, to get between a fool and his folly; while two or three fools more or less would not alter the scheme of things.

idle - inattivo

folly - follia, stravaganza, unicum, eccentricita

alter - modificare, cambiare

scheme - schema, piano, progetto, programma, macchinazione

But the team did not get up at the command. It had long since passed into the stage where blows were required to rouse it. The whip flashed out, here and there, on its merciless errands. John Thornton compressed his lips. Sol-leks was the first to crawl to his feet. Teek followed. Joe came next, yelping with pain. Pike made painful efforts.

stage - fase, stadio, tappa, scena, palco

rouse - svegliare

merciless - spietato, crudele

errands - commissione, ambasciata, incombenza, incarico

compressed - comprimere

painful - doloroso

Twice he fell over, when half up, and on the third attempt managed to rise. Buck made no effort. He lay quietly where he had fallen. The lash bit into him again and again, but he neither whined nor struggled. Several times Thornton started, as though to speak, but changed his mind. A moisture came into his eyes, and, as the whipping continued, he arose and walked irresolutely up and down.

moisture - umidita

irresolutely - irresolutamente

This was the first time Buck had failed, in itself a sufficient reason to drive Hal into a rage. He exchanged the whip for the customary club. Buck refused to move under the rain of heavier blows which now fell upon him. Like his mates, he was barely able to get up, but, unlike them, he had made up his mind not to get up. He had a vague feeling of impending doom.

customary - consueto

unlike - diverso

doom - sentenza, giudizio, decisione, penalita

This had been strong upon him when he pulled in to the bank, and it had not departed from him. What of the thin and rotten ice he had felt under his feet all day, it seemed that he sensed disaster close at hand, out there ahead on the ice where his master was trying to drive him. He refused to stir. So greatly had he suffered, and so far gone was he, that the blows did not hurt much.

pulled in - trascinare, accostare, guadagnare bene

sensed - senso, coscienza, sensazione, significato, tocco

disaster - disastro

stir - rimescolare

And as they continued to fall upon him, the spark of life within flickered and went down. It was nearly out. He felt strangely numb. As though from a great distance, he was aware that he was being beaten. The last sensations of pain left him. He no longer felt anything, though very faintly he could hear the impact of the club upon his body. But it was no longer his body, it seemed so far away.

spark - scintilla

flickered - tremolare

nearly - quasi, praticamente, circa

sensations - sensazione, senso, impressione

And then, suddenly, without warning, uttering a cry that was inarticulate and more like the cry of an animal, John Thornton sprang upon the man who wielded the club. Hal was hurled backward, as though struck by a falling tree. Mercedes screamed. Charles looked on wistfully, wiped his watery eyes, but did not get up because of his stiffness.

uttering - pronunciare

inarticulate - inarticolato

wielded - maneggiare, padroneggiare, brandire

screamed - urlo, grido, gridare, sbraitare, urlare

wiped - spolverare, strofinare

John Thornton stood over Buck, struggling to control himself, too convulsed with rage to speak.

convulsed - sconvolgere, essere preso da un convulso di

"If you strike that dog again, I'll kill you," he at last managed to say in a choking voice.

choking - soffocare

"It's my dog," Hal replied, wiping the blood from his mouth as he came back. "Get out of my way, or I'll fix you. I'm going to Dawson."

Fix - aggiustare, riparare, mettere una pezza, sistemare, preparare

Thornton stood between him and Buck, and evinced no intention of getting out of the way. Hal drew his long hunting-knife. Mercedes screamed, cried, laughed, and manifested the chaotic abandonment of hysteria. Thornton rapped Hal's knuckles with the axe-handle, knocking the knife to the ground. He rapped his knuckles again as he tried to pick it up.

evinced - evincere, dimostrare, manifestare

manifested - manifestare

chaotic - caotico

abandonment - abbandono, rinuncia, abnegazione

hysteria - isteria

rapped - colpo, colpetto

knuckles - nocca, giuntura

Then he stooped, picked it up himself, and with two strokes cut Buck's traces.

stooped - chinarsi, abbassarsi

strokes - colpo

Hal had no fight left in him. Besides, his hands were full with his sister, or his arms, rather; while Buck was too near dead to be of further use in hauling the sled. A few minutes later they pulled out from the bank and down the river. Buck heard them go and raised his head to see, Pike was leading, Sol-leks was at the wheel, and between were Joe and Teek. They were limping and staggering.

besides - accanto, vicino

Mercedes was riding the loaded sled. Hal guided at the gee-pole, and Charles stumbled along in the rear.

guided - guida

stumbled - scivolone, scivolare, inciampare, imbattersi, incontrare

As Buck watched them, Thornton knelt beside him and with rough, kindly hands searched for broken bones. By the time his search had disclosed nothing more than many bruises and a state of terrible starvation, the sled was a quarter of a mile away. Dog and man watched it crawling along over the ice.

knelt - inginocchiarsi

beside - accanto, vicino

searched - ricerca, cercare, buscare

disclosed - scoprire, divulgare, rivelare, svelare, scoperchiare, far noto

bruises - livido, ammaccatura

Suddenly, they saw its back end drop down, as into a rut, and the gee-pole, with Hal clinging to it, jerk into the air. Mercedes's scream came to their ears. They saw Charles turn and make one step to run back, and then a whole section of ice give way and dogs and humans disappear. A yawning hole was all that was to be seen. The bottom had dropped out of the trail.

rut - solco

clinging to - aggrapparsi

give way - cedere il passo

disappear - sparire, scomparire

yawning - sbadigliare, (yawn), sbadiglio

dropped out - ritirarsi, lasciare

John Thornton and Buck looked at each other.

"You poor devil," said John Thornton, and Buck licked his hand.

Chapter VI. For the Love of a Man

When John Thornton froze his feet in the previous December his partners had made him comfortable and left him to get well, going on themselves up the river to get out a raft of saw-logs for Dawson. He was still limping slightly at the time he rescued Buck, but with the continued warm weather even the slight limp left him.

previous - previo

comfortable - comodo, confortevole

raft - zattera

slightly - leggermente

rescued - salvare, salvataggio

And here, lying by the river bank through the long spring days, watching the running water, listening lazily to the songs of birds and the hum of nature, Buck slowly won back his strength.

lying - mentire

lazily - indolentemente, infingardamente, neghittosamente, oziosamente

Hum - ronzio, canticchiare, canterellare, mormorare, brontolare

A rest comes very good after one has travelled three thousand miles, and it must be confessed that Buck waxed lazy as his wounds healed, his muscles swelled out, and the flesh came back to cover his bones. For that matter, they were all loafing,-Buck, John Thornton, and Skeet and Nig,-waiting for the raft to come that was to carry them down to Dawson.

confessed - confessare

healed - guarire

swelled - gonfiare, gonfiarsi, aumentare

Skeet was a little Irish setter who early made friends with Buck, who, in a dying condition, was unable to resent her first advances. She had the doctor trait which some dogs possess; and as a mother cat washes her kittens, so she washed and cleansed Buck's wounds.

Irish - irlandese, gaelico

made friends - fare amicizia

resent - risentirsi di

possess - possedere, avere

mother cat - mamma gatta

kittens - gattino, gattina, micetto, micetta

cleansed - pulisce

Regularly, each morning after he had finished his breakfast, she performed her self-appointed task, till he came to look for her ministrations as much as he did for Thornton's. Nig, equally friendly, though less demonstrative, was a huge black dog, half bloodhound and half deerhound, with eyes that laughed and a boundless good nature.

performed - eseguire, comportarsi con correttezza, adempiere, recitare

self - stesso

appointed - fissare, costituire, nominare, designare, assegnare

ministrations - amministrazione

demonstrative - assistente

bloodhound - segugio

deerhound - Cervo

boundless - illimitato, sconfinato

To Buck's surprise these dogs manifested no jealousy toward him. They seemed to share the kindliness and largeness of John Thornton. As Buck grew stronger they enticed him into all sorts of ridiculous games, in which Thornton himself could not forbear to join; and in this fashion Buck romped through his convalescence and into a new existence.

jealousy - gelosia

kindliness - bonarieta

largeness - grandezza

enticed - attrarre, tentare, allettare, adescare

sorts - sorta, tipo

ridiculous - ridicolo

forbear - non sopportare

romped - spassarsela, ruzzare, scorrazzare, scorrazzata

convalescence - convalescenza

Love, genuine passionate love, was his for the first time. This he had never experienced at Judge Miller's down in the sun-kissed Santa Clara Valley. With the Judge's sons, hunting and tramping, it had been a working partnership; with the Judge's grandsons, a sort of pompous guardianship; and with the Judge himself, a stately and dignified friendship.

genuine - genuino

passionate - appassionato

tramping - calpestio, (tramp), vagabondo, barbone, puttana, sgualdrina

partnership - partenariato, societa, cooperazione, collaborazione, partnership

pompous - pomposo

guardianship - tutela, curatela, tutoria

stately - prestante

dignified - dignitoso

friendship - amicizia

But love that was feverish and burning, that was adoration, that was madness, it had taken John Thornton to arouse.

feverish - febbricoso

burning - bruciare

adoration - adorazione

arouse - eccitare, provocare, stimolare, suscitare

This man had saved his life, which was something; but, further, he was the ideal master. Other men saw to the welfare of their dogs from a sense of duty and business expediency; he saw to the welfare of his as if they were his own children, because he could not help it. And he saw further.

Ideal - ideale

welfare - benessere, bene

Duty - dovere, obbligo, servizio, attivita, tassa, dazio

expediency - convenienza

He never forgot a kindly greeting or a cheering word, and to sit down for a long talk with them ("gas" he called it) was as much his delight as theirs. He had a way of taking Buck's head roughly between his hands, and resting his own head upon Buck's, of shaking him back and forth, the while calling him ill names that to Buck were love names.

greeting - saluto, benvenuto

cheering - urra, acclamazione

roughly - aprprossimativamente, a grosso modo

resting - riposare

shaking - scuotere, (shake), agitare, scuotere la testa

Buck knew no greater joy than that rough embrace and the sound of murmured oaths, and at each jerk back and forth it seemed that his heart would be shaken out of his body so great was its ecstasy.

Embrace - abbracciare, aderire, inglobare, abbraccio

murmured - mormorio, brusio, sussurro, mormorare

shaken out - scosso, abbandonato

And when, released, he sprang to his feet, his mouth laughing, his eyes eloquent, his throat vibrant with unuttered sound, and in that fashion remained without movement, John Thornton would reverently exclaim, "God! you can all but speak!"

released - liberare, rilasciare

eloquent - eloquente, loquace, articolato, verboso, pedissequo

vibrant - energico, operoso, vivace, vigoroso, effervescente

unuttered - non detto

reverently - con riverenza

exclaim - esclamare

God - Dio

Buck had a trick of love expression that was akin to hurt. He would often seize Thornton's hand in his mouth and close so fiercely that the flesh bore the impress of his teeth for some time afterward. And as Buck understood the oaths to be love words, so the man understood this feigned bite for a caress.

akin - consanguineo, affine

seize - prendere, afferrare, approfittare, sfruttare

impress - impressionare, imprimere, confiscare, requisire

caress - accarezzare

For the most part, however, Buck's love was expressed in adoration. While he went wild with happiness when Thornton touched him or spoke to him, he did not seek these tokens. Unlike Skeet, who was wont to shove her nose under Thornton's hand and nudge and nudge till petted, or Nig, who would stalk up and rest his great head on Thornton's knee, Buck was content to adore at a distance.

expressed - esprimere

Happiness - felicita, gioia, allegria

touched - commosso

seek - cercare, ricercare

tokens - simbolo, segno, gettone

wont - Non e vero

shove - spingere

nudge - spintarella, incoraggiamento, sospingere, lambire

petted - animale domestico

stalk - gambo, picciolo, perseguitare

adore - adorare

He would lie by the hour, eager, alert, at Thornton's feet, looking up into his face, dwelling upon it, studying it, following with keenest interest each fleeting expression, every movement or change of feature. Or, as chance might have it, he would lie farther away, to the side or rear, watching the outlines of the man and the occasional movements of his body.

dwelling - abitazione, (dwell), abitare, checkdimorare

keenest - appassionato, desideroso

fleeting - flotta

feature - caratteristica, prestazione, peculiarita, proprieta

outlines - contorno, sagoma, descrizione, sunto, bozza, contornare

occasional - occasionale

movements - movimento

And often, such was the communion in which they lived, the strength of Buck's gaze would draw John Thornton's head around, and he would return the gaze, without speech, his heart shining out of his eyes as Buck's heart shone out.

communion - comunione

gaze - fissare, guardare, puntare gli occhi, volgere lo sguardo

shining - brillare, far luce con

shone - brillare, far luce con

For a long time after his rescue, Buck did not like Thornton to get out of his sight. From the moment he left the tent to when he entered it again, Buck would follow at his heels. His transient masters since he had come into the Northland had bred in him a fear that no master could be permanent.

rescue - salvare, salvataggio

transient - transitorio, transiente

bred - allevato, (breed), allevare, riprodursi, razza

permanent - permanente, fisso, messa in piega

He was afraid that Thornton would pass out of his life as Perrault and Francois and the Scotch half-breed had passed out. Even in the night, in his dreams, he was haunted by this fear. At such times he would shake off sleep and creep through the chill to the flap of the tent, where he would stand and listen to the sound of his master's breathing.

haunted - infestare, tormentare, ritrovo

shake off - scrollarsi di dosso

creep - abbarbicarsi, insinuarsi, strisciare, scorrimento, spostamento

flap - lembo

breathing - respirazione, (breath), respiro, lena, alito, fiato

But in spite of this great love he bore John Thornton, which seemed to bespeak the soft civilizing influence, the strain of the primitive, which the Northland had aroused in him, remained alive and active. Faithfulness and devotion, things born of fire and roof, were his; yet he retained his wildness and wiliness.

spite - dispetto, rancore

bespeak - parlare

civilizing - civilizzare

influence - influenza, ascendente, influenzare, influire

faithfulness - fedelta

devotion - devozione

retained - conservare, mantenere

wildness - ferinita, sfrenatezza, selvaticita, scapestrataggine

wiliness - volonta

He was a thing of the wild, come in from the wild to sit by John Thornton's fire, rather than a dog of the soft Southland stamped with the marks of generations of civilization. Because of his very great love, he could not steal from this man, but from any other man, in any other camp, he did not hesitate an instant; while the cunning with which he stole enabled him to escape detection.

hesitate - esitare, titubare

detection - identificazione, investigazione, rilevazione, rilevamento

His face and body were scored by the teeth of many dogs, and he fought as fiercely as ever and more shrewdly. Skeet and Nig were too good-natured for quarrelling,-besides, they belonged to John Thornton; but the strange dog, no matter what the breed or valor, swiftly acknowledged Buck's supremacy or found himself struggling for life with a terrible antagonist. And Buck was merciless.

belonged - appartenere a

valor - valore, coraggio

He had learned well the law of club and fang, and he never forewent an advantage or drew back from a foe he had started on the way to Death. He had lessoned from Spitz, and from the chief fighting dogs of the police and mail, and knew there was no middle course. He must master or be mastered; while to show mercy was a weakness. Mercy did not exist in the primordial life.

forewent - rinunciare

exist - esistere

It was misunderstood for fear, and such misunderstandings made for death. Kill or be killed, eat or be eaten, was the law; and this mandate, down out of the depths of Time, he obeyed.

misunderstood - fraintendere, equivocare, prendere una cantonata

misunderstandings - fraintendimento, qui pro quo, quiproquo

mandate - mandato

depths - profondita

He was older than the days he had seen and the breaths he had drawn. He linked the past with the present, and the eternity behind him throbbed through him in a mighty rhythm to which he swayed as the tides and seasons swayed.

linked - anello, maglia

eternity - eternita

rhythm - ritmo

swayed - ondeggiamento, fluttuazione, dondolio, oscillazione

tides - marea

seasons - stagione

He sat by John Thornton's fire, a broad-breasted dog, white-fanged and long-furred; but behind him were the shades of all manner of dogs, half-wolves and wild wolves, urgent and prompting, tasting the savor of the meat he ate, thirsting for the water he drank, scenting the wind with him, listening with him and telling him the sounds made by the wild life in the forest, dictating his moods, directing his actions, lying down to sleep with him when he lay down, and dreaming with him and beyond him and becoming themselves the stuff of his dreams.

broad - largo

breasted - mammella, poppa, petto, seno

fanged - zanna

furred - pelo, pelliccia

shades - ombra, persiana, tonalita, gradazione, nuance, varieta

urgent - urgente

prompting - sollecitazione, (prompt), pronto, disponibile, puntuale

tasting - degustazione, (taste), gusto, sapore, inclinazione, gustare

savor - assaporare

thirsting - sete, avidita, avere sete

scenting - profumazione, (scent), odore (1, 2), checkprofumo (3), fiutare

dictating - dettame, imporre, comandare, dettare

directing - diretto

So peremptorily did these shades beckon him, that each day mankind and the claims of mankind slipped farther from him.

peremptorily - perentoriamente

shades - agone, alosa

beckon - accennare

mankind - umanita, genere umano

claims - reclamo, rivendicazione, diritto, dichiarazione, affermazione

slipped - scivolare

Deep in the forest a call was sounding, and as often as he heard this call, mysteriously thrilling and luring, he felt compelled to turn his back upon the fire and the beaten earth around it, and to plunge into the forest, and on and on, he knew not where or why; nor did he wonder where or why, the call sounding imperiously, deep in the forest.

mysteriously - misteriosamente

thrilling - eccitare, elettrizzare

luring - Io

wonder - meraviglia, domandarsi, chiedersi

But as often as he gained the soft unbroken earth and the green shade, the love for John Thornton drew him back to the fire again.

shade - ombra, persiana, tonalita, gradazione, nuance, varieta

Thornton alone held him. The rest of mankind was as nothing. Chance travellers might praise or pet him; but he was cold under it all, and from a too demonstrative man he would get up and walk away.

travellers - viaggiatore, viaggiatrice, viandante, girovago

Praise - elogio, lode, complimento, adorazione, gloria

pet - animale domestico

When Thornton's partners, Hans and Pete, arrived on the long-expected raft, Buck refused to notice them till he learned they were close to Thornton; after that he tolerated them in a passive sort of way, accepting favors from them as though he favored them by accepting.

notice - percezione, notifica, avviso, comunicazione, preavviso, notare

tolerated - tollerare, sopportare, accettare

passive - passivo

accepting - accettare, ammettere

Favors - favore, bomboniera, preferire, privilegiare, fare un favore

They were of the same large type as Thornton, living close to the earth, thinking simply and seeing clearly; and ere they swung the raft into the big eddy by the saw-mill at Dawson, they understood Buck and his ways, and did not insist upon an intimacy such as obtained with Skeet and Nig.

Clearly - chiaramente, certamente, evidentemente

eddy - gorgo, mulinello

Mill - mulino

insist - insistere

intimacy - intimita

For Thornton, however, his love seemed to grow and grow. He, alone among men, could put a pack upon Buck's back in the summer travelling. Nothing was too great for Buck to do, when Thornton commanded.

One day (they had grub-staked themselves from the proceeds of the raft and left Dawson for the head-waters of the Tanana) the men and dogs were sitting on the crest of a cliff which fell away, straight down, to naked bed-rock three hundred feet below. John Thornton was sitting near the edge, Buck at his shoulder.

staked - palo, paletto, picchetto, piolo

proceeds - procedere

A thoughtless whim seized Thornton, and he drew the attention of Hans and Pete to the experiment he had in mind. "Jump, Buck!" he commanded, sweeping his arm out and over the chasm. The next instant he was grappling with Buck on the extreme edge, while Hans and Pete were dragging them back into safety.

thoughtless - sconsiderato

whim - capriccio

seized - prendere, afferrare, approfittare, sfruttare

attention - attenzione, allerta, sull'attenti

experiment - esperimento

sweeping - spazzata, scopata, (sweep), spazzare, scopare, ramazzare

chasm - voragine, baratro, abisso, divergenza, divario

grappling with - lottare

extreme - estremo, profondo

"It's uncanny," Pete said, after it was over and they had caught their speech.

uncanny - bizzarro, strano, sconcertante, curioso

Thornton shook his head. "No, it is splendid, and it is terrible, too. Do you know, it sometimes makes me afraid."

"I'm not hankering to be the man that lays hands on you while he's around," Pete announced conclusively, nodding his head toward Buck.

hankering - desiderio, esigenza, (hanker), volere, desiderare

lays - posare

conclusively - in modo definitivo

nodding - annuire, (nod), accennare, scuotere, addormentarsi

"Py Jingo!" was Hans's contribution. "Not mineself either."

contribution - contributo, contribuzione

mineself - me stesso

It was at Circle City, ere the year was out, that Pete's apprehensions were realized. "Black" Burton, a man evil-tempered and malicious, had been picking a quarrel with a tenderfoot at the bar, when Thornton stepped good-naturedly between. Buck, as was his custom, was lying in a corner, head on paws, watching his master's every action.

apprehensions - apprensione

tempered - carattere, temperamento

malicious - doloso, cattivo, malizioso, malevole

picking - scegliere

tenderfoot - novizio

stepped - steppa

naturedly - in modo naturale

corner - angolo, sporgenza, angolo sporgente, pietra d'angolo

Burton struck out, without warning, straight from the shoulder. Thornton was sent spinning, and saved himself from falling only by clutching the rail of the bar.

struck out - attaccare, fare lo sciopero

from the shoulder - dalla spalla

spinning - spinning

rail - sbarra, asta, staccionata, parapetto

Those who were looking on heard what was neither bark nor yelp, but a something which is best described as a roar, and they saw Buck's body rise up in the air as he left the floor for Burton's throat. The man saved his life by instinctively throwing out his arm, but was hurled backward to the floor with Buck on top of him.

rise up - ribellarsi

throwing out - buttare via

Buck loosed his teeth from the flesh of the arm and drove in again for the throat. This time the man succeeded only in partly blocking, and his throat was torn open. Then the crowd was upon Buck, and he was driven off; but while a surgeon checked the bleeding, he prowled up and down, growling furiously, attempting to rush in, and being forced back by an array of hostile clubs.

loosed - largo

partly - in parte

blocking - bloccare

torn open - strappato e aperto

surgeon - chirurgo

prowled - aggirarsi

A "miners'meeting," called on the spot, decided that the dog had sufficient provocation, and Buck was discharged. But his reputation was made, and from that day his name spread through every camp in Alaska.

miners - minatore

provocation - provocazione

discharged - secrezione, emissione, discarico, scarica, dimissioni, congedo

reputation - reputazione, rumore, caratura

Later on, in the fall of the year, he saved John Thornton's life in quite another fashion. The three partners were lining a long and narrow poling-boat down a bad stretch of rapids on the Forty-Mile Creek.

Hans and Pete moved along the bank, snubbing with a thin Manila rope from tree to tree, while Thornton remained in the boat, helping its descent by means of a pole, and shouting directions to the shore. Buck, on the bank, worried and anxious, kept abreast of the boat, his eyes never off his master.

snubbing - snobbare

Manila - Manila

shouting - gridare

directions - direzione, senso di marcia, regia, conduzione

worried - preoccuparsi, disturbare, preoccupare, preoccupazione

abreast - affiancato, di pari passo, aggiornato, aggiornata, al passo

At a particularly bad spot, where a ledge of barely submerged rocks jutted out into the river, Hans cast off the rope, and, while Thornton poled the boat out into the stream, ran down the bank with the end in his hand to snub the boat when it had cleared the ledge.

ledge - ripiano, davanzale

submerged - sommergere

rocks - roccia

jutted - sporgere

poled - polo

stream - corrente, ruscello, rivo, flusso, semestre

ran down - leggere, scaricare, esaurire

snub - snobbare, offendere

cleared - trasparente, limpido, pulito, chiaro, nitido

This it did, and was flying down-stream in a current as swift as a mill-race, when Hans checked it with the rope and checked too suddenly. The boat flirted over and snubbed in to the bank bottom up, while Thornton, flung sheer out of it, was carried down-stream toward the worst part of the rapids, a stretch of wild water in which no swimmer could live.

current - corrente, attuale, odierno

flirted - pomiciare, limonare, slinguare, fare l'amore

snubbed - snobbare, offendere

swimmer - nuotatore, nuotatrice

Buck had sprung in on the instant; and at the end of three hundred yards, amid a mad swirl of water, he overhauled Thornton. When he felt him grasp his tail, Buck headed for the bank, swimming with all his splendid strength. But the progress shoreward was slow; the progress down-stream amazingly rapid.

swirl - vorticare, turbinare, vortice, riccio

grasp - afferrare, avvinghiare, avvinghiarsi, agguantare

shoreward - verso la riva

amazingly - straordinariamente, incredibilmente, sorprendentemente

From below came the fatal roaring where the wild current went wilder and was rent in shreds and spray by the rocks which thrust through like the teeth of an enormous comb. The suck of the water as it took the beginning of the last steep pitch was frightful, and Thornton knew that the shore was impossible.

fatal - fatale

wilder - selvaggio

shreds - brandello

spray - spray, spruzzo, (getto vaporizzato)

enormous - enorme, grandissimo, vasto, smisurato

comb - pettine

suck - succhiata, sorsata, succhiare, suggere, ciucciare

He scraped furiously over a rock, bruised across a second, and struck a third with crushing force. He clutched its slippery top with both hands, releasing Buck, and above the roar of the churning water shouted: "Go, Buck! Go!"

scraped - pezzetto

crushing - ressa, calca, cotta, schiacciare, pigiare, frantumare

force - forza

clutched - afferrare

releasing - liberare, rilasciare

churning - sfornare, (churn), frullare, sbattere, ribollire, spumeggiare

Buck could not hold his own, and swept on down-stream, struggling desperately, but unable to win back. When he heard Thornton's command repeated, he partly reared out of the water, throwing his head high, as though for a last look, then turned obediently toward the bank.

desperately - disperatamente

reared - retro, retrovia

obediently - con obbedienza

He swam powerfully and was dragged ashore by Pete and Hans at the very point where swimming ceased to be possible and destruction began.

powerfully - poderosamente, potentemente

ashore - a riva, verso riva

destruction - distruzione

They knew that the time a man could cling to a slippery rock in the face of that driving current was a matter of minutes, and they ran as fast as they could up the bank to a point far above where Thornton was hanging on.

cling to - aggrapparsi

They attached the line with which they had been snubbing the boat to Buck's neck and shoulders, being careful that it should neither strangle him nor impede his swimming, and launched him into the stream. He struck out boldly, but not straight enough into the stream.

attached - legare

careful - prudente, cauto, to be careful

strangle - strangolare

impede - impedire, ostacolare, intralciare

boldly - arditamente, coraggiosamente, valentemente, audacemente

He discovered the mistake too late, when Thornton was abreast of him and a bare half-dozen strokes away while he was being carried helplessly past.

bare - nudo

helplessly - impotente

Hans promptly snubbed with the rope, as though Buck were a boat. The rope thus tightening on him in the sweep of the current, he was jerked under the surface, and under the surface he remained till his body struck against the bank and he was hauled out. He was half drowned, and Hans and Pete threw themselves upon him, pounding the breath into him and the water out of him.

tightening - stringere

sweep - spazzare, scopare, ramazzare, setacciare, spazzata

He staggered to his feet and fell down. The faint sound of Thornton's voice came to them, and though they could not make out the words of it, they knew that he was in his extremity. His master's voice acted on Buck like an electric shock, He sprang to his feet and ran up the bank ahead of the men to the point of his previous departure.

faint - debole

extremity - estremita

acted on - agito

electric shock - scossa elettrica

ran up - correre, aumentare un debito

departure - partenza, deviazione, punto di svolta, dipartenza, dipartita

Again the rope was attached and he was launched, and again he struck out, but this time straight into the stream. He had miscalculated once, but he would not be guilty of it a second time. Hans paid out the rope, permitting no slack, while Pete kept it clear of coils.

attached - addetto

miscalculated - calcolare male

permitting - permettere

Coils - attorcigliarsi

Buck held on till he was on a line straight above Thornton; then he turned, and with the speed of an express train headed down upon him. Thornton saw him coming, and, as Buck struck him like a battering ram, with the whole force of the current behind him, he reached up and closed with both arms around the shaggy neck.

held on - tenuto in piedi

Speed - velocita

battering - fare il bagno

shaggy - ispido, irsuto, villoso, peloso

Hans snubbed the rope around the tree, and Buck and Thornton were jerked under the water. Strangling, suffocating, sometimes one uppermost and sometimes the other, dragging over the jagged bottom, smashing against rocks and snags, they veered in to the bank.

strangling - strangolamento, (strangle), strangolare

suffocating - soffocante

uppermost - piu in alto

jagged - puntuto, frastagliato

smashing - smash, frantumare, frantumarsi, polverizzare

snags - ostacolo

veered - (cambiare direzione)

Thornton came to, belly downward and being violently propelled back and forth across a drift log by Hans and Pete. His first glance was for Buck, over whose limp and apparently lifeless body Nig was setting up a howl, while Skeet was licking the wet face and closed eyes.

belly - pancia, ventre

violently - violentemente

drift - deriva, direzione, verso, tendenza, indirizzo

setting - contesto, circostanza, impostazioni, calante, (set), Seth

Thornton was himself bruised and battered, and he went carefully over Buck's body, when he had been brought around, finding three broken ribs.

battered - fare il bagno

"That settles it," he announced. "We camp right here." And camp they did, till Buck's ribs knitted and he was able to travel.

settles - sistemarsi, mettersi

knitted - lavorare a maglia, sferruzzare, legare, saldarsi, compattare

That winter, at Dawson, Buck performed another exploit, not so heroic, perhaps, but one that put his name many notches higher on the totem-pole of Alaskan fame. This exploit was particularly gratifying to the three men; for they stood in need of the outfit which it furnished, and were enabled to make a long-desired trip into the virgin East, where miners had not yet appeared.

exploit - gesto eroico, gesta eroiche, gesta, prodezza, impresa

heroic - eroico

notches - tacca, incavo, dentellatura, gola, passo, livello, intaccare

totem - totem

Alaskan - Alaska

fame - fama

gratifying - gratificare

Virgin - vergine

appeared - apparire

It was brought about by a conversation in the Eldorado Saloon, in which men waxed boastful of their favorite dogs. Buck, because of his record, was the target for these men, and Thornton was driven stoutly to defend him.

brought about - causare

boastful - vanagloria

favorite - preferito

target - bersaglio, obiettivo

stoutly - con fermezza

defend - difendere, proteggere

At the end of half an hour one man stated that his dog could start a sled with five hundred pounds and walk off with it; a second bragged six hundred for his dog; and a third, seven hundred.

stated - statistica

five hundred - cinquecento

bragged - vantarsi

"Pooh! pooh!" said John Thornton; "Buck can start a thousand pounds."

Pooh - short for Winnie the Pooh

"And break it out? and walk off with it for a hundred yards?" demanded Matthewson, a Bonanza King, he of the seven hundred vaunt.

Bonanza - prosperita

vaunt - vanto

"And break it out, and walk off with it for a hundred yards," John Thornton said coolly.

"Well," Matthewson said, slowly and deliberately, so that all could hear, "I've got a thousand dollars that says he can't. And there it is." So saying, he slammed a sack of gold dust of the size of a bologna sausage down upon the bar.

slammed - sbattere

bologna - Bologna

sausage - salsiccia, salame, salume, insaccato

Nobody spoke. Thornton's bluff, if bluff it was, had been called. He could feel a flush of warm blood creeping up his face. His tongue had tricked him. He did not know whether Buck could start a thousand pounds. Half a ton! The enormousness of it appalled him.

ton - tonnellata

bluff - franco

flush - rossore

tricked - trucco, imbrogliare

enormousness - enorme

appalled - spaventare

He had great faith in Buck's strength and had often thought him capable of starting such a load; but never, as now, had he faced the possibility of it, the eyes of a dozen men fixed upon him, silent and waiting. Further, he had no thousand dollars; nor had Hans or Pete.

capable - capace

possibility - possibilita, opportunita

"I've got a sled standing outside now, with twenty fiftypound sacks of flour on it," Matthewson went on with brutal directness; "so don't let that hinder you."

fiftypound - cinquanta chili

flour - farina, infarinare

directness - immediatezza

hinder - ostacolare

Thornton did not reply. He did not know what to say. He glanced from face to face in the absent way of a man who has lost the power of thought and is seeking somewhere to find the thing that will start it going again. The face of Jim O'Brien, a Mastodon King and old-time comrade, caught his eyes. It was as a cue to him, seeming to rouse him to do what he would never have dreamed of doing.

glanced - dare un'occhiata, sbirciare, occhieggiare, radere, rasentare

absent - assente

seeking - cercare, ricercare

somewhere - da qualche parte, in qualche luogo, in qualche parte

Mastodon - mastodonte

comrade - compagno, compagna, checkcamerata

cue - attacco, battuta d'entrata

dreamed - sogno, sognare

"Can you lend me a thousand?" he asked, almost in a whisper.

"Sure," answered O'Brien, thumping down a plethoric sack by the side of Matthewson's. "Though it's little faith I'm having, John, that the beast can do the trick."

thumping - colpo

plethoric - pletorico

The Eldorado emptied its occupants into the street to see the test. The tables were deserted, and the dealers and gamekeepers came forth to see the outcome of the wager and to lay odds. Several hundred men, furred and mittened, banked around the sled within easy distance.

emptied - vuoto, vuotare, svuotare

occupants - occupante

deserted - abbandonare

dealers - distributore, rivenditore, rappresentante, piazzista

gamekeepers - guardacaccia, guardiacaccia

outcome - risultato, conclusione, obiettivo

wager - scommessa

mittened - guantato

Matthewson's sled, loaded with a thousand pounds of flour, had been standing for a couple of hours, and in the intense cold (it was sixty below zero) the runners had frozen fast to the hard-packed snow. Men offered odds of two to one that Buck could not budge the sled. A quibble arose concerning the phrase "break out.

standing for - significare

intense - intenso

quibble - cavillo, cavillare

" O'Brien contended it was Thornton's privilege to knock the runners loose, leaving Buck to "break it out" from a dead standstill. Matthewson insisted that the phrase included breaking the runners from the frozen grip of the snow. A majority of the men who had witnessed the making of the bet decided in his favor, whereat the odds went up to three to one against Buck.

contended - contendere, combattere

privilege - privilegio, prerogativa

standstill - fermata, blocco, fermo, arresto

insisted - insistere

majority - maggioranza, maggiore eta

witnessed - testimonianza, testimone, prova, testimoniare, constatare, essere testimone

bet - scommettere su

favor - favore, bomboniera, preferire, privilegiare, fare un favore

whereat - Perché

There were no takers. Not a man believed him capable of the feat. Thornton had been hurried into the wager, heavy with doubt; and now that he looked at the sled itself, the concrete fact, with the regular team of ten dogs curled up in the snow before it, the more impossible the task appeared. Matthewson waxed jubilant.

takers - (chi accetta)

feat - impresa

doubt - dubitare, dubbio, perplessita

concrete - concreto, reale, (in/di) calcestruzzo, (in/di) cemento

regular - regolare, periodico, abituale, usuale, cliente

curled - riccio, ricciolo, boccolo, arricciamento, rotazione, spirale

jubilant - giubilante

"Three to one!" he proclaimed. "I'll lay you another thousand at that figure, Thornton. What d'ye say?"

proclaimed - proclamare

figure - figura, fisico, personaggio, cifra, forma, calcolare, risolvere

ye - voi

Thornton's doubt was strong in his face, but his fighting spirit was aroused-the fighting spirit that soars above odds, fails to recognize the impossible, and is deaf to all save the clamor for battle. He called Hans and Pete to him. Their sacks were slim, and with his own the three partners could rake together only two hundred dollars.

fighting spirit - spirito combattivo

soars - volare (in alto), aumentare

fails - fallire, non riuscire

recognize - riconoscere

deaf - sordo, i sordo

slim - snello, magro, affusolato, dimagrire

rake - rastrello

In the ebb of their fortunes, this sum was their total capital; yet they laid it unhesitatingly against Matthewson's six hundred.

Ebb - riflusso

fortunes - sorte, destino, fortuna, dote

unhesitatingly - senza esitazione

The team of ten dogs was unhitched, and Buck, with his own harness, was put into the sled. He had caught the contagion of the excitement, and he felt that in some way he must do a great thing for John Thornton. Murmurs of admiration at his splendid appearance went up.

unhitched - disincagliare

contagion - talian: t-needed

murmurs - mormorio, brusio, sussurro, mormorare

admiration - ammirazione

He was in perfect condition, without an ounce of superfluous flesh, and the one hundred and fifty pounds that he weighed were so many pounds of grit and virility. His furry coat shone with the sheen of silk.

Grit - polvere

virility - virilita

sheen - lucentezza, splendore

silk - seta

Down the neck and across the shoulders, his mane, in repose as it was, half bristled and seemed to lift with every movement, as though excess of vigor made each particular hair alive and active. The great breast and heavy fore legs were no more than in proportion with the rest of the body, where the muscles showed in tight rolls underneath the skin.

repose - riposo

lift - alzare, sollevare

vigor - vigore

proportion - proporzione

showed in - introdurre, far entrare

rolls - rotolo

underneath - sotto

Men felt these muscles and proclaimed them hard as iron, and the odds went down to two to one.

"Gad, sir! Gad, sir!" stuttered a member of the latest dynasty, a king of the Skookum Benches. "I offer you eight hundred for him, sir, before the test, sir; eight hundred just as he stands."

Gad - bighellonare

stuttered - balbuzie

dynasty - dinastia

benches - panchina

Thornton shook his head and stepped to Buck's side.

stepped - passo

"You must stand off from him," Matthewson protested. "free play and plenty of room."

protested - protestare, protesta

free play - gioco libero

plenty - abbondanza, cuccagna, abbondantemente

The crowd fell silent; only could be heard the voices of the gamblers vainly offering two to one. Everybody acknowledged Buck a magnificent animal, but twenty fifty-pound sacks of flour bulked too large in their eyes for them to loosen their pouch-strings.

voices - voce

gamblers - giocatore d'azzardo

vainly - vanamente

offering - offerta

magnificent - magnifico

bulked - massa, mole, volume, blocco, grosso

loosen - allentare

pouch - sacchetto

Thornton knelt down by Buck's side. He took his head in his two hands and rested cheek on cheek. He did not playfully shake him, as was his wont, or murmur soft love curses; but he whispered in his ear. "As you love me, Buck. As you love me," was what he whispered. Buck whined with suppressed eagerness.

rested - riposo

cheek - guancia, gota, chiappa, faccia tosta, sfrontatezza, impudenza

playfully - giocosamente

shake - scuotere, agitare, scuotere la testa, scioccare, atterrire

whispered - sussurro, sussurrare

suppressed - sopprimere

The crowd was watching curiously. The affair was growing mysterious. It seemed like a conjuration. As Thornton got to his feet, Buck seized his mittened hand between his jaws, pressing in with his teeth and releasing slowly, half-reluctantly. It was the answer, in terms, not of speech, but of love. Thornton stepped well back.

mysterious - misterioso, ignoto

conjuration - evocazione

pressing - urgente, imminente, pressante, insistente, persistente

reluctantly - svogliatamente, di malavoglia, malvolentieri

terms - periodo, durata, mandato

"Now, Buck," he said.

Buck tightened the traces, then slacked them for a matter of several inches. It was the way he had learned.

slacked - lento

"Gee!" Thornton's voice rang out, sharp in the tense silence.

tense - tempo

Buck swung to the right, ending the movement in a plunge that took up the slack and with a sudden jerk arrested his one hundred and fifty pounds. The load quivered, and from under the runners arose a crisp crackling.

arrested - arresto, arrestare

crisp - croccante

crackling - crepitio, (crackle), scoppiettio, crepitare

"Haw!" Thornton commanded.

Buck duplicated the manoeuvre, this time to the left. The crackling turned into a snapping, the sled pivoting and the runners slipping and grating several inches to the side. The sled was broken out. Men were holding their breaths, intensely unconscious of the fact.

manoeuvre - manovra

pivoting - perno, fulcro, imperniare

slipping - scivolare

grating - grattugiare

holding - possesso

intensely - intensamente

unconscious - svenuto, subconscio

"Now, MUSH!"

Thornton's command cracked out like a pistol-shot. Buck threw himself forward, tightening the traces with a jarring lunge. His whole body was gathered compactly together in the tremendous effort, the muscles writhing and knotting like live things under the silky fur.

pistol - pistola

lunge - allungo, affondo

compactly - in modo compatto

tremendous - formidabile, tremendo, eccellente, straordinario, enorme

knotting - annodare

silky - setosa

His great chest was low to the ground, his head forward and down, while his feet were flying like mad, the claws scarring the hard-packed snow in parallel grooves. The sled swayed and trembled, half-started forward. One of his feet slipped, and one man groaned aloud. Then the sled lurched ahead in what appeared a rapid succession of jerks, though it never really came to a dead stop again...

claws - artiglio

scarring - cicatrici

parallel - parallelo, parallelamente, omologo

grooves - solco, scanalatura, routine, tran tran, groove

groaned - gemito, gemere

aloud - a voce alta, ad alta voce

lurched - barcollare, vacillare

succession - successione

jerks - scossa, sobbalzo

half an inch...an inch... two inches... The jerks perceptibly diminished; as the sled gained momentum, he caught them up, till it was moving steadily along.

perceptibly - percettibilmente

diminished - diminuire, ridurre

momentum - spinta, impulso, momento, slancio

Men gasped and began to breathe again, unaware that for a moment they had ceased to breathe. Thornton was running behind, encouraging Buck with short, cheery words. The distance had been measured off, and as he neared the pile of firewood which marked the end of the hundred yards, a cheer began to grow and grow, which burst into a roar as he passed the firewood and halted at command.

gasped - restare senza fiato, restare a bocca aperta

breathe again - respirare di nuovo

unaware - ignaro, inconsapevole

encouraging - incoraggiare, raccomandare, esortare, favorire

cheery - allegro

measured - misurazione, misura, righello, regolo, funzione di misura

pile - pila, mucchio

Every man was tearing himself loose, even Matthewson. Hats and mittens were flying in the air. Men were shaking hands, it did not matter with whom, and bubbling over in a general incoherent babel.

tearing - lacrima

mittens - muffola, guanto a manopola, mezzoguanto

bubbling over - spumeggiante

incoherent - incoerente, sconclusionato

babel - babele

But Thornton fell on his knees beside Buck. Head was against head, and he was shaking him back and forth. Those who hurried up heard him cursing Buck, and he cursed him long and fervently, and softly and lovingly.

fervently - ferventemente, fervorosamente

lovingly - amorevolmente

"Gad, sir! Gad, sir!" spluttered the Skookum Bench king. "I'll give you a thousand for him, sir, a thousand, sir-twelve hundred, sir."

spluttered - strombazzare

Bench - panchina

Thornton rose to his feet. His eyes were wet. The tears were streaming frankly down his cheeks. "Sir," he said to the Skookum Bench king, "no, sir. You can go to hell, sir. It's the best I can do for you, sir."

frankly - francamente

cheeks - guancia, gota, chiappa, faccia tosta, sfrontatezza, impudenza

Buck seized Thornton's hand in his teeth. Thornton shook him back and forth. As though animated by a common impulse, the onlookers drew back to a respectful distance; nor were they again indiscreet enough to interrupt.

impulse - impulso, aire, slancio, abbrivo

respectful - rispettoso

indiscreet - indiscreto

interrupt - interrompere, celare, ricoprire, tagliare

Chapter VII. The Sounding of the Call

When Buck earned sixteen hundred dollars in five minutes for John Thornton, he made it possible for his master to pay off certain debts and to journey with his partners into the East after a fabled lost mine, the history of which was as old as the history of the country. Many men had sought it; few had found it; and more than a few there were who had never returned from the quest.

debts - debito, obbligo, impegno, buffo

fabled - fiaba

quest - ricerca

This lost mine was steeped in tragedy and shrouded in mystery. No one knew of the first man. The oldest tradition stopped before it got back to him. From the beginning there had been an ancient and ramshackle cabin. Dying men had sworn to it, and to the mine the site of which it marked, clinching their testimony with nuggets that were unlike any known grade of gold in the Northland.

steeped - ripido

tragedy - tragedia

shrouded - sindone, (lenzuolo funebre)

tradition - tradizione

ramshackle - diroccante, traballante, pericolante, cadente

sworn - giurare

site - area, posto

clinching - talian: t-needed

testimony - testimonianza

nuggets - pepita

grade - voto, livello, grado di pendenza, pendenza, classe, scuola

But no living man had looted this treasure house, and the dead were dead; wherefore John Thornton and Pete and Hans, with Buck and half a dozen other dogs, faced into the East on an unknown trail to achieve where men and dogs as good as themselves had failed.

looted - bottino, malloppo

treasure - tesoro, apprezzare

wherefore - perché

an unknown - uno sconosciuto

achieve - realizzare, ottenere

They sledded seventy miles up the Yukon, swung to the left into the Stewart River, passed the Mayo and the McQuestion, and held on until the Stewart itself became a streamlet, threading the upstanding peaks which marked the backbone of the continent.

sledded - slitta

streamlet - rigagnolo, ruscelletto, ruscellino

threading - filo, refe, filo conduttore, forum

upstanding - alzarsi in piedi

peaks - picco

backbone - spina dorsale, colonna vertebrale, rachide, base

Continent - continente

John Thornton asked little of man or nature. He was unafraid of the wild. With a handful of salt and a rifle he could plunge into the wilderness and fare wherever he pleased and as long as he pleased.

unafraid - senza paura

handful - manciata, pugno, manipolo, gruppetto

rifle - fucile

wilderness - natura

fare - biglietto

Being in no haste, Indian fashion, he hunted his dinner in the course of the day's travel; and if he failed to find it, like the Indian, he kept on travelling, secure in the knowledge that sooner or later he would come to it.

haste - fretta

hunted - cacciare, essere a caccia, essere alla ricerca, caccia

So, on this great journey into the East, straight meat was the bill of fare, ammunition and tools principally made up the load on the sled, and the time-card was drawn upon the limitless future.

bill of fare - menu

ammunition - munizioni, arsenale

tools - arnese, strumento, utensile, mezzo, attrezzo

principally - principalmente

limitless - senza limiti

To Buck it was boundless delight, this hunting, fishing, and indefinite wandering through strange places. For weeks at a time they would hold on steadily, day after day; and for weeks upon end they would camp, here and there, the dogs loafing and the men burning holes through frozen muck and gravel and washing countless pans of dirt by the heat of the fire.

indefinite - indefinito

wandering - vagabondaggio, (wander), errare, vagare, girovagare, passeggiare

muck - sporcizia, porcheria, letame, spalare letame, spalare merda

gravel - ghiaia, calcolo, agghiaiare

pans - casseruola, tegame

dirt - sudiciume, terra, sporco

Sometimes they went hungry, sometimes they feasted riotously, all according to the abundance of game and the fortune of hunting. Summer arrived, and dogs and men packed on their backs, rafted across blue mountain lakes, and descended or ascended unknown rivers in slender boats whipsawed from the standing forest.

feasted - banchetto

riotously - in modo tumultuoso

according - accordo

abundance - abbondanza, cuccagna

Fortune - sorte, destino, fortuna, dote

rafted - zattera

slender - snello

whipsawed - schiocco di frusta

The months came and went, and back and forth they twisted through the uncharted vastness, where no men were and yet where men had been if the Lost Cabin were true.

uncharted - inesplorato

vastness - immensita, vastita

They went across divides in summer blizzards, shivered under the midnight sun on naked mountains between the timber line and the eternal snows, dropped into summer valleys amid swarming gnats and flies, and in the shadows of glaciers picked strawberries and flowers as ripe and fair as any the Southland could boast.

divides - dividere, spartire, spartirsi

blizzards - tormenta, montagna, marea

eternal - eterno

valleys - valle

swarming - sciamare, (swarm), sciame, nugolo, pullulare

gnats - moscerino

shadows - ombra, pedinare

strawberries - fragola

ripe - maturo

boast - vantarsi

In the fall of the year they penetrated a weird lake country, sad and silent, where wildfowl had been, but where then there was no life nor sign of life-only the blowing of chill winds, the forming of ice in sheltered places, and the melancholy rippling of waves on lonely beaches.

penetrated - penetrare

wildfowl - uccelli selvatici

winds - vento

melancholy - malinconia

rippling - increspatura

waves - onda

And through another winter they wandered on the obliterated trails of men who had gone before. Once, they came upon a path blazed through the forest, an ancient path, and the Lost Cabin seemed very near. But the path began nowhere and ended nowhere, and it remained mystery, as the man who made it and the reason he made it remained mystery.

obliterated - obliterare, annullare, spazzare

trails - pedinare, seguire, inseguire, trascinare, trainare

blazed - incendio

Another time they chanced upon the time-graven wreckage of a hunting lodge, and amid the shreds of rotted blankets John Thornton found a long-barrelled flint-lock.

chanced - caso

graven - tomba

wreckage - rottami

hunting lodge - capanno di caccia

rotted - marcire, putrefarsi

barrelled - barile, botte

Flint - selce

lock - serratura

He knew it for a Hudson Bay Company gun of the young days in the Northwest, when such a gun was worth its height in beaver skins packed flat, And that was all-no hint as to the man who in an early day had reared the lodge and left the gun among the blankets.

gun - arma da fuoco

height - altezza, apice, culmine, vetta, cima

beaver - castoro

hint - accenno, allusione, indizio, aiuto

Lodge - casino, guardiola, portineria, loggia, alloggiare

Spring came on once more, and at the end of all their wandering they found, not the Lost Cabin, but a shallow placer in a broad valley where the gold showed like yellow butter across the bottom of the washing-pan. They sought no farther. Each day they worked earned them thousands of dollars in clean dust and nuggets, and they worked every day.

shallow - superficiale, poco profondo, poco profondo (1, 2), checksuperficiale (3), secca

pan - casseruola, tegame

The gold was sacked in moose-hide bags, fifty pounds to the bag, and piled like so much firewood outside the spruce-bough lodge. Like giants they toiled, days flashing on the heels of days like dreams as they heaped the treasure up.

sacked - sacco

piled - pila, mucchio

spruce - abete rosso, peccio

bough - ramo

giants - gigante, colosso

heaped - folla, massa, moltitudine, pila, cumulo

There was nothing for the dogs to do, save the hauling in of meat now and again that Thornton killed, and Buck spent long hours musing by the fire. The vision of the short-legged hairy man came to him more frequently, now that there was little work to be done; and often, blinking by the fire, Buck wandered with him in that other world which he remembered.

long hours - lunghe ore di lavoro

musing - pensieroso

vision - vista, acutezza visiva, visione, allucinazione, miraggio

The salient thing of this other world seemed fear. When he watched the hairy man sleeping by the fire, head between his knees and hands clasped above, Buck saw that he slept restlessly, with many starts and awakenings, at which times he would peer fearfully into the darkness and fling more wood upon the fire.

restlessly - irrequieto

awakenings - risveglio, rinnovamento

peer - Pari

fearfully - con paura

fling - lanciare

Did they walk by the beach of a sea, where the hairy man gathered shellfish and ate them as he gathered, it was with eyes that roved everywhere for hidden danger and with legs prepared to run like the wind at its first appearance.

shellfish - crostaceo, mollusco

roved - vagare, vagabondare

everywhere - ovunque, dappertutto

danger - pericolo

Through the forest they crept noiselessly, Buck at the hairy man's heels; and they were alert and vigilant, the pair of them, ears twitching and moving and nostrils quivering, for the man heard and smelled as keenly as Buck.

crept - abbarbicarsi, insinuarsi, strisciare, scorrimento, spostamento

noiselessly - senza rumore

vigilant - vigilante

twitching - contorcersi

smelled - odore, olfatto, odorato, sentire l'odore, fiutare, odorare

The hairy man could spring up into the trees and travel ahead as fast as on the ground, swinging by the arms from limb to limb, sometimes a dozen feet apart, letting go and catching, never falling, never missing his grip.

spring up - sorgere,crescere, rimbalzare

letting go - lasciare andare

catching - catturare, (catch), presa, conquista, fermaglio

In fact, he seemed as much at home among the trees as on the ground; and Buck had memories of nights of vigil spent beneath trees wherein the hairy man roosted, holding on tightly as he slept.

vigil - veglia

wherein - dove

roosted - posatoio

holding on - tenere duro

tightly - strettamente

And closely akin to the visions of the hairy man was the call still sounding in the depths of the forest. It filled him with a great unrest and strange desires. It caused him to feel a vague, sweet gladness, and he was aware of wild yearnings and stirrings for he knew not what.

closely - strettamente, da vicino, a stretto contatto

visions - vista, acutezza visiva, visione, allucinazione, miraggio

desires - desiderare, volere, desiderio, voglia

gladness - gioia

yearnings - desiderio

stirrings - mescolando

Sometimes he pursued the call into the forest, looking for it as though it were a tangible thing, barking softly or defiantly, as the mood might dictate.

pursued - perseguire, perseguitare, tormentare, inseguire, cercare

tangible - tangibile, palpabile

barking - abbaio, latrato

defiantly - con decisione

mood - umore

dictate - dettame, imporre, comandare, dettare

He would thrust his nose into the cool wood moss, or into the black soil where long grasses grew, and snort with joy at the fat earth smells; or he would crouch for hours, as if in concealment, behind fungus-covered trunks of fallen trees, wide-eyed and wide-eared to all that moved and sounded about him. It might be, lying thus, that he hoped to surprise this call he could not understand.

moss - muschio

soil - suolo, terreno, terra

grasses - erba, tgraminacea, prato, spia, delatore, pentito

smells - odore, olfatto, odorato, sentire l'odore, fiutare, odorare

crouch - accucciarsi

concealment - occultamento, dissimulazione, mascheramento

fungus - fungo

trunks - tronco, baule, cofano, proboscide, bagagliaio

But he did not know why he did these various things. He was impelled to do them, and did not reason about them at all.

various - vario

impelled - spingere, costringere

Irresistible impulses seized him. He would be lying in camp, dozing lazily in the heat of the day, when suddenly his head would lift and his ears cock up, intent and listening, and he would spring to his feet and dash away, and on and on, for hours, through the forest aisles and across the open spaces where the niggerheads bunched.

impulses - impulso, aire, slancio, abbrivo

dozing - sonnecchiare

cock - gallo, maschio di animali

intent - intento

forest aisles - sentieri nel bosco

niggerheads - teste di negro

bunched - ciuffo, graspo, mucchio, grappolo, comitiva, ammucchiare

He loved to run down dry watercourses, and to creep and spy upon the bird life in the woods. For a day at a time he would lie in the underbrush where he could watch the partridges drumming and strutting up and down.

run down - esaurirsi

watercourses - corso d'acqua

spy upon - spiare

underbrush - sottobosco

drumming - tamburo

strutting - impettito

But especially he loved to run in the dim twilight of the summer midnights, listening to the subdued and sleepy murmurs of the forest, reading signs and sounds as man may read a book, and seeking for the mysterious something that called-called, waking or sleeping, at all times, for him to come.

especially - specialmente, soprattutto, specie, appositamente

subdued - sottomettere, soggiogare

sleepy - assonnato, sonnolento

signs - segno

One night he sprang from sleep with a start, eager-eyed, nostrils quivering and scenting, his mane bristling in recurrent waves. From the forest came the call (or one note of it, for the call was many noted), distinct and definite as never before,-a long-drawn howl, like, yet unlike, any noise made by husky dog. And he knew it, in the old familiar way, as a sound heard before.

recurrent - ricorrente

distinct - chiaro, distinto, diverso

definite - definito

noise - rumore, strepito

familiar - familiare, spirito famigliare, famiglio

He sprang through the sleeping camp and in swift silence dashed through the woods. As he drew closer to the cry he went more slowly, with caution in every movement, till he came to an open place among the trees, and looking out saw, erect on haunches, with nose pointed to the sky, a long, lean, timber wolf.

haunches - coscia

sky - cielo

He had made no noise, yet it ceased from its howling and tried to sense his presence. Buck stalked into the open, half crouching, body gathered compactly together, tail straight and stiff, feet falling with unwonted care. Every movement advertised commingled threatening and overture of friendliness. It was the menacing truce that marks the meeting of wild beasts that prey.

presence - presenza

commingled - mescolarsi

threatening - minaccioso, (threaten), minacciare, impaurire, intimidire

overture - ouverture, preludio, introduzione

friendliness - cordialita

menacing - minaccia

truce - tregua

But the wolf fled at sight of him. He followed, with wild leapings, in a frenzy to overtake. He ran him into a blind channel, in the bed of the creek where a timber jam barred the way. The wolf whirled about, pivoting on his hind legs after the fashion of Joe and of all cornered husky dogs, snarling and bristling, clipping his teeth together in a continuous and rapid succession of snaps.

leapings - salti

frenzy - frenesia

overtake - superare, sorpassare, raggiungere, soverchiare, sopraffare

jam - marmellata

barred - barra

cornered - angolo, sporgenza, angolo sporgente, pietra d'angolo

snaps - schiocco, scatto, rubamazzetto, sbottare

Buck did not attack, but circled him about and hedged him in with friendly advances. The wolf was suspicious and afraid; for Buck made three of him in weight, while his head barely reached Buck's shoulder. Watching his chance, he darted away, and the chase was resumed.

hedged - siepe

suspicious - sospetto, ambiguo, losco, sospettoso, diffidente

darted - dardo

resumed - riprendere

Time and again he was cornered, and the thing repeated, though he was in poor condition, or Buck could not so easily have overtaken him. He would run till Buck's head was even with his flank, when he would whirl around at bay, only to dash away again at the first opportunity.

overtaken - superare, sorpassare, raggiungere, soverchiare, sopraffare

whirl around - girare

But in the end Buck's pertinacity was rewarded; for the wolf, finding that no harm was intended, finally sniffed noses with him. Then they became friendly, and played about in the nervous, half-coy way with which fierce beasts belie their fierceness. After some time of this the wolf started off at an easy lope in a manner that plainly showed he was going somewhere.

pertinacity - pertinenza

rewarded - ricompensa

harm - danno, male, ferita, svantaggio, danneggiare

intended - previsto, disciplinato, (intend), intendere, avere in animo

nervous - nervoso

coy - timido

belie - credere

lope - procedere a lunghi salti

He made it clear to Buck that he was to come, and they ran side by side through the sombre twilight, straight up the creek bed, into the gorge from which it issued, and across the bleak divide where it took its rise.

sombre - scuro

gorge - gola

issued - emissione, fuoriuscita, esito, questione, problematica

On the opposite slope of the watershed they came down into a level country where were great stretches of forest and many streams, and through these great stretches they ran steadily, hour after hour, the sun rising higher and the day growing warmer. Buck was wildly glad.

watershed - spartiacque

level - piano, orizzontale, livellato, costante, uniforme, a posto

stretches - tendere

streams - corrente, ruscello, rivo, flusso, semestre

wildly - selvaggiamente

He knew he was at last answering the call, running by the side of his wood brother toward the place from where the call surely came. Old memories were coming upon him fast, and he was stirring to them as of old he stirred to the realities of which they were the shadows.

surely - sicuramente, checkcertamente

stirring - mescolando

realities - realta

He had done this thing before, somewhere in that other and dimly remembered world, and he was doing it again, now, running free in the open, the unpacked earth underfoot, the wide sky overhead.

unpacked - sballare, disimballare

underfoot - (per terra)

They stopped by a running stream to drink, and, stopping, Buck remembered John Thornton. He sat down. The wolf started on toward the place from where the call surely came, then returned to him, sniffing noses and making actions as though to encourage him. But Buck turned about and started slowly on the back track. For the better part of an hour the wild brother ran by his side, whining softly.

sniffing - annusare, (sniff), fiutare, odorare, snasare

encourage - incoraggiare, raccomandare, esortare, favorire

turned about - girare

track - traccia, scia, tracciamento, sentiero, impronta, mulattiera

Then he sat down, pointed his nose upward, and howled. It was a mournful howl, and as Buck held steadily on his way he heard it grow faint and fainter until it was lost in the distance.

fainter - piu debole

John Thornton was eating dinner when Buck dashed into camp and sprang upon him in a frenzy of affection, overturning him, scrambling upon him, licking his face, biting his hand-"playing the general tom-fool," as John Thornton characterized it, the while he shook Buck back and forth and cursed him lovingly.

overturning - ribaltare, capovolgere

biting - mordere

For two days and nights Buck never left camp, never let Thornton out of his sight. He followed him about at his work, watched him while he ate, saw him into his blankets at night and out of them in the morning. But after two days the call in the forest began to sound more imperiously than ever.

call in - chiamare

Buck's restlessness came back on him, and he was haunted by recollections of the wild brother, and of the smiling land beyond the divide and the run side by side through the wide forest stretches. Once again he took to wandering in the woods, but the wild brother came no more; and though he listened through long vigils, the mournful howl was never raised.

restlessness - irrequietudine, esagitazione, smania, irrequietezza

recollections - ricordo

vigils - veglia

He began to sleep out at night, staying away from camp for days at a time; and once he crossed the divide at the head of the creek and went down into the land of timber and streams. There he wandered for a week, seeking vainly for fresh sign of the wild brother, killing his meat as he travelled and travelling with the long, easy lope that seems never to tire.

staying away - stare lontano

killing - uccisione, omicidio, assassinio

Seems - sembrare, parere, apparire

tire - pneumatico

He fished for salmon in a broad stream that emptied somewhere into the sea, and by this stream he killed a large black bear, blinded by the mosquitoes while likewise fishing, and raging through the forest helpless and terrible. Even so, it was a hard fight, and it aroused the last latent remnants of Buck's ferocity.

blinded - cieco, orbo, tenda, accecare, ciecamente

mosquitoes - zanzara

remnants - resto, rimanenza, avanzo, residuo, scampolo

And two days later, when he returned to his kill and found a dozen wolverenes quarrelling over the spoil, he scattered them like chaff; and those that fled left two behind who would quarrel no more.

spoil - rovinare, viziare, andare a male, bottino

chaff - pula, crusca

The blood-longing became stronger than ever before. He was a killer, a thing that preyed, living on the things that lived, unaided, alone, by virtue of his own strength and prowess, surviving triumphantly in a hostile environment where only the strong survived. Because of all this he became possessed of a great pride in himself, which communicated itself like a contagion to his physical being.

killer - uccisore, assassino

preyed - preda, squartamento

unaided - senza aiuto

surviving - sopravvivere, durare, perdurare

survived - sopravvivere, durare, perdurare

physical - fisico

It advertised itself in all his movements, was apparent in the play of every muscle, spoke plainly as speech in the way he carried himself, and made his glorious furry coat if anything more glorious.

more glorious - piu glorioso

But for the stray brown on his muzzle and above his eyes, and for the splash of white hair that ran midmost down his chest, he might well have been mistaken for a gigantic wolf, larger than the largest of the breed. From his St. Bernard father he had inherited size and weight, but it was his shepherd mother who had given shape to that size and weight.

stray - allontanarsi, smarrirsi

splash - schizzo, tonfo, sciacquio

midmost - a meta strada

gigantic - gigantesco, colossale

inherited - ereditare, prendere

shepherd - pastore, pecoraio, pecoraro

His muzzle was the long wolf muzzle, save that it was larger than the muzzle of any wolf; and his head, somewhat broader, was the wolf head on a massive scale.

somewhat - in qualche modo

broader - largo

massive - massiccio, imponente, enorme, massivo, voluminoso

His cunning was wolf cunning, and wild cunning; his intelligence, shepherd intelligence and St. Bernard intelligence; and all this, plus an experience gained in the fiercest of schools, made him as formidable a creature as any that roamed the wild. A carnivorous animal living on a straight meat diet, he was in full flower, at the high tide of his life, overspilling with vigor and virility.

intelligence - intelligenza

plus - piu, aggiunta utile, positivo, positiva

roamed - vagare, girovagare

carnivorous - carnivori

meat diet - dieta a base di carne

high tide - alta marea

overspilling - fuoriuscita

When Thornton passed a caressing hand along his back, a snapping and crackling followed the hand, each hair discharging its pent magnetism at the contact. Every part, brain and body, nerve tissue and fibre, was keyed to the most exquisite pitch; and between all the parts there was a perfect equilibrium or adjustment.

caressing - accarezzare

discharging - secrezione, emissione, discarico, scarica, dimissioni, congedo

magnetism - magnetismo

contact - contatto, aggancio, contattare

brain - cervello, or when used as food

nerve - nervo, nervatura, coraggio, faccia tosta, sfacciataggine

tissue - tessuto

most exquisite - piu squisito

equilibrium - equilibrio, quiete

adjustment - adattamento, inserimento

To sights and sounds and events which required action, he responded with lightning-like rapidity. Quickly as a husky dog could leap to defend from attack or to attack, he could leap twice as quickly. He saw the movement, or heard sound, and responded in less time than another dog required to compass the mere seeing or hearing. He perceived and determined and responded in the same instant.

responded - rispondere, corrispondere, dare riscontro

lightning - fulmine, folgore, saetta, lampo

rapidity - rapidita

defend from - difendersi da

compass - bussola

perceived - percepire

determined - determinare, stabilire, capire, verificare, accertarsi

In point of fact the three actions of perceiving, determining, and responding were sequential; but so infinitesimal were the intervals of time between them that they appeared simultaneous. His muscles were surcharged with vitality, and snapped into play sharply, like steel springs.

perceiving - percepire, (perceive)

determining - determinare, stabilire, capire, verificare, accertarsi

responding - rispondere, corrispondere, dare riscontro

sequential - sequenziale

infinitesimal - infinitesimale

intervals - intervallo

simultaneous - simultaneo, concomitante

vitality - vitalita

steel springs - molle in acciaio

Life streamed through him in splendid flood, glad and rampant, until it seemed that it would burst him asunder in sheer ecstasy and pour forth generously over the world.

streamed - corrente, ruscello, rivo, flusso, semestre

flood - inondazione, alluvione

asunder - in pezzi

pour - versare, riversarsi

"Never was there such a dog," said John Thornton one day, as the partners watched Buck marching out of camp.

"When he was made, the mould was broke," said Pete.

mould - terriccio

"Py jingo! I t'ink so mineself," Hans affirmed.

They saw him marching out of camp, but they did not see the instant and terrible transformation which took place as soon as he was within the secrecy of the forest. He no longer marched. At once he became a thing of the wild, stealing along softly, cat-footed, a passing shadow that appeared and disappeared among the shadows.

transformation - trasformazione

secrecy - segretezza, riserbo

stealing - rubare, (steal), derubare, fregare, accattivarsi

He knew how to take advantage of every cover, to crawl on his belly like a snake, and like a snake to leap and strike. He could take a ptarmigan from its nest, kill a rabbit as it slept, and snap in mid air the little chipmunks fleeing a second too late for the trees. Fish, in open pools, were not too quick for him; nor were beaver, mending their dams, too wary.

ptarmigan - pernice bianca

snap in - scattare, estensione

chipmunks - tamia

fleeing - fuggire

mending - rammendo

dams - barriera, diga

wary - diffidente, accorto, circospetto, cauto, vigile

He killed to eat, not from wantonness; but he preferred to eat what he killed himself. So a lurking humor ran through his deeds, and it was his delight to steal upon the squirrels, and, when he all but had them, to let them go, chattering in mortal fear to the treetops.

wantonness - la sfacciataggine

lurking - in agguato, (lurk), appostarsi, acquattarsi, celarsi

humor - umorismo

deeds - fatto, gesto, gesta, prodezza, impresa

mortal fear - paura mortale

treetops - in cima all'albero

As the fall of the year came on, the moose appeared in greater abundance, moving slowly down to meet the winter in the lower and less rigorous valleys. Buck had already dragged down a stray part-grown calf; but he wished strongly for larger and more formidable quarry, and he came upon it one day on the divide at the head of the creek.

rigorous - rigoroso

calf - vitello, piccolo di grosso mammifero (elefante)

wished - desiderio, voglia, volere, desiderare, augurare

strongly - fortemente, fermamente, ampiamente

quarry - cava

A band of twenty moose had crossed over from the land of streams and timber, and chief among them was a great bull. He was in a savage temper, and, standing over six feet from the ground, was as formidable an antagonist as even Buck could desire. Back and forth the bull tossed his great palmated antlers, branching to fourteen points and embracing seven feet within the tips.

Bull - maschio (dei grandi mammiferi), toro

temper - carattere, temperamento

tossed - tiro, lancio, testa o croce, lancio moneta

palmated - palmato

antlers - corno

branching - ramificazione, (branch), ramo, filiale, succursale, branca

embracing - abbracciare, aderire, inglobare, abbraccio

tips - punta

His small eyes burned with a vicious and bitter light, while he roared with fury at sight of Buck.

burned - bruciare

vicious - violento, aggressivo

From the bull's side, just forward of the flank, protruded a feathered arrow-end, which accounted for his savageness. Guided by that instinct which came from the old hunting days of the primordial world, Buck proceeded to cut the bull out from the herd. It was no slight task.

protruded - protendersi, sportare, sporgere, protrudere

feathered - piuma, penna, barbetta

arrow - freccia

accounted - conto

savageness - selvatichezza

guided - guidare

herd - mandria, branco

Slight - insignificante, leggero, debole, lieve, disprezzare, sminuire

He would bark and dance about in front of the bull, just out of reach of the great antlers and of the terrible splay hoofs which could have stamped his life out with a single blow. Unable to turn his back on the fanged danger and go on, the bull would be driven into paroxysms of rage. At such moments he charged Buck, who retreated craftily, luring him on by a simulated inability to escape.

splay - strombatura, sguancio

hoofs - zoccolo, zampa

driven into - guidato

paroxysms - parossismo, acme, raptus

luring - richiamo, lusinga

simulated - simulare

But when he was thus separated from his fellows, two or three of the younger bulls would charge back upon Buck and enable the wounded bull to rejoin the herd.

separated - separato, separata, separare, dividere

bulls - maschio (dei grandi mammiferi), toro

enable - permettere, attivare, abilitare

rejoin - ricongiungersi

There is a patience of the wild-dogged, tireless, persistent as life itself-that holds motionless for endless hours the spider in its web, the snake in its coils, the panther in its ambuscade; this patience belongs peculiarly to life when it hunts its living food; and it belonged to Buck as he clung to the flank of the herd, retarding its march, irritating the young bulls, worrying the cows with their half-grown calves, and driving the wounded bull mad with helpless rage. For half a day this continued. Buck multiplied himself, attacking from all sides, enveloping the herd in a whirlwind of menace, cutting out his victim as fast as it could rejoin its mates, wearing out the patience of creatures preyed upon, which is a lesser patience than that of creatures preying.

persistent - tenace, insistente, durevole, incessante, continuo, persistente

spider - ragno

web - rete, vela, Web

Panther - pantera nera

ambuscade - imboscata

belongs - appartenere a

peculiarly - in modo particolare

hunts - cacciare, essere a caccia, essere alla ricerca, caccia

clung to - attaccarsi

retarding - ritardato mentale

worrying - preoccupante, (worry), preoccuparsi, disturbare, preoccupare

calves - figliare, partorire

multiplied - moltiplicare

all sides - tutti i lati

enveloping - busta

cutting out - ritagliare, tagliare

lesser - minore, meno, piu piccolo

preying - preda, squartamento

As the day wore along and the sun dropped to its bed in the northwest (the Darkness had come back and the fall nights were six hours long), the young bulls retraced their steps more and more reluctantly to the aid of their beset leader. The down-coming winter was harrying them on to the lower levels, and it seemed they could never shake off this tireless creature that held them back.

Darkness had come - E arrivata l'oscurita

harrying - disturbare

levels - piano, orizzontale, livellato, costante, uniforme, a posto

Besides, it was not the life of the herd, or of the young bulls, that was threatened. The life of only one member was demanded, which was a remoter interest than their lives, and in the end they were content to pay the toll.

remoter - remoto

Toll - suonare

As twilight fell the old bull stood with lowered head, watching his mates-the cows he had known, the calves he had fathered, the bulls he had mastered-as they shambled on at a rapid pace through the fading light. He could not follow, for before his nose leaped the merciless fanged terror that would not let him go.

lowered - oscurarsi

shambled - (camminatre strascicando i piedi)

pace - passo

fading - svanire, (fad), moda, andazzo, tendenza

Three hundredweight more than half a ton he weighed; he had lived a long, strong life, full of fight and struggle, and at the end he faced death at the teeth of a creature whose head did not reach beyond his great knuckled knees.

hundredweight - centododici libbre (uk) cento libbre (US)

knuckled - nocca, giuntura

From then on, night and day, Buck never left his prey, never gave it a moment's rest, never permitted it to browse the leaves of trees or the shoots of young birch and willow. Nor did he give the wounded bull opportunity to slake his burning thirst in the slender trickling streams they crossed. Often, in desperation, he burst into long stretches of flight.

permitted - permettere

browse - osservare, navigare

shoots - sparare, scoccare

willow - salice, salcio

slake - Saciar

thirst - sete, avidita, avere sete

trickling - rivolo, (trickle), gocciolio, sgocciolio, gocciolare

desperation - disperazione

At such times Buck did not attempt to stay him, but loped easily at his heels, satisfied with the way the game was played, lying down when the moose stood still, attacking him fiercely when he strove to eat or drink.

loped - potare, togliere

satisfied - soddisfare, accontentare, saziare

The great head drooped more and more under its tree of horns, and the shambling trot grew weak and weaker. He took to standing for long periods, with nose to the ground and dejected ears dropped limply; and Buck found more time in which to get water for himself and in which to rest.

drooped - pendere

horns - corno, clacson

shambling - che si agita

trot - trottare

weaker - debole

dejected - rifiutare

At such moments, panting with red lolling tongue and with eyes fixed upon the big bull, it appeared to Buck that a change was coming over the face of things. He could feel a new stir in the land. As the moose were coming into the land, other kinds of life were coming in. Forest and stream and air seemed palpitant with their presence.

coming over - passare, venire da, fare finta

palpitant - palpitante

The news of it was borne in upon him, not by sight, or sound, or smell, but by some other and subtler sense. He heard nothing, saw nothing, yet knew that the land was somehow different; that through it strange things were afoot and ranging; and he resolved to investigate after he had finished the business in hand.

borne - sopportare

by sight - a vista

subtler - sottile, inafferrabile

somehow - in qualche modo

At last, at the end of the fourth day, he pulled the great moose down. For a day and a night he remained by the kill, eating and sleeping, turn and turn about. Then, rested, refreshed and strong, he turned his face toward camp and John Thornton.

turn about - girare

refreshed - rinfrescare

He broke into the long easy lope, and went on, hour after hour, never at loss for the tangled way, heading straight home through strange country with a certitude of direction that put man and his magnetic needle to shame.

Loss - perdita

certitude - certezza

magnetic - magnetico, magnetica

needle - ago, lancetta, puntina, punzonare, punzecchiare

shame - vergogna

As he held on he became more and more conscious of the new stir in the land. There was life abroad in it different from the life which had been there throughout the summer. No longer was this fact borne in upon him in some subtle, mysterious way. The birds talked of it, the squirrels chattered about it, the very breeze whispered of it.

abroad - all'estero

subtle - sottile, inafferrabile

chattered - ciarlare

breeze - brezza

Several times he stopped and drew in the fresh morning air in great sniffs, reading a message which made him leap on with greater speed. He was oppressed with a sense of calamity happening, if it were not calamity already happened; and as he crossed the last watershed and dropped down into the valley toward camp, he proceeded with greater caution.

sniffs - annusare, fiutare, odorare, snasare, sniffare, tirare

Three miles away he came upon a fresh trail that sent his neck hair rippling and bristling, It led straight toward camp and John Thornton. Buck hurried on, swiftly and stealthily, every nerve straining and tense, alert to the multitudinous details which told a story-all but the end. His nose gave him a varying description of the passage of the life on the heels of which he was travelling.

stealthily - furtivamente, di nascosto

multitudinous - moltitudine

varying - variare

He remarked the pregnant silence of the forest. The bird life had flitted. The squirrels were in hiding. One only he saw,-a sleek gray fellow, flattened against a gray dead limb so that he seemed a part of it, a woody excrescence upon the wood itself.

pregnant - incinta

flitted - svolazzare

sleek - elegante, lucido, liscio, slanciato

flattened - appiattire, atterrare, appiattirsi

woody - legnoso

excrescence - escrescenza

As Buck slid along with the obscureness of a gliding shadow, his nose was jerked suddenly to the side as though a positive force had gripped and pulled it. He followed the new scent into a thicket and found Nig. He was lying on his side, dead where he had dragged himself, an arrow protruding, head and feathers, from either side of his body.

slid - scivolare, (slide), slittare, derapare, scivolo

obscureness - oscurita

gliding - planare, (glide), scivolare, slittare, scorrere

thicket - boscaglia, fratta, macchia, boschetto

protruding - protendersi, sportare, sporgere, protrudere

feathers - piuma, penna, barbetta

A hundred yards farther on, Buck came upon one of the sled-dogs Thornton had bought in Dawson. This dog was thrashing about in a death-struggle, directly on the trail, and Buck passed around him without stopping. From the camp came the faint sound of many voices, rising and falling in a sing-song chant.

death-struggle - (death-struggle) combattimento all'ultimo sangue

Bellying forward to the edge of the clearing, he found Hans, lying on his face, feathered with arrows like a porcupine. At the same instant Buck peered out where the spruce-bough lodge had been and saw what made his hair leap straight up on his neck and shoulders. A gust of overpowering rage swept over him. He did not know that he growled, but he growled aloud with a terrible ferocity.

Bellying - Pancia, (belly), ventre

clearing - schiarimento, radura, spiazzo, compensazione, resettaggio

arrows - freccia

porcupine - istrice, porcospino

gust - raffica

overpowering - sopraffare, soverchiare

For the last time in his life he allowed passion to usurp cunning and reason, and it was because of his great love for John Thornton that he lost his head.

usurp - usurpare

The Yeehats were dancing about the wreckage of the spruce-bough lodge when they heard a fearful roaring and saw rushing upon them an animal the like of which they had never seen before. It was Buck, a live hurricane of fury, hurling himself upon them in a frenzy to destroy.

hurricane - uragano, ciclone

hurling - scagliare, (hurl), lanciare, tirare, slanciare, vomitare

He sprang at the foremost man (it was the chief of the Yeehats), ripping the throat wide open till the rent jugular spouted a fountain of blood. He did not pause to worry the victim, but ripped in passing, with the next bound tearing wide the throat of a second man. There was no withstanding him.

foremost - primo, piu importante

ripping - strappare

spouted - beccuccio, getto, sgorgare, zampillare

worry - preoccuparsi, disturbare, preoccupare, preoccupazione

withstanding - resistere, fronteggiare

He plunged about in their very midst, tearing, rending, destroying, in constant and terrific motion which defied the arrows they discharged at him.

destroying - distruggere, annichilare, checkabbattere (4)

terrific - eccezionale, stupendo

motion - movimento, mozione, mozioni

In fact, so inconceivably rapid were his movements, and so closely were the Indians tangled together, that they shot one another with the arrows; and one young hunter, hurling a spear at Buck in mid air, drove it through the chest of another hunter with such force that the point broke through the skin of the back and stood out beyond.

inconceivably - inconcepibilmente

Indians - indiano

Hunter - cacciatore, cane da caccia, cavallo da caccia, cercatore

spear - lancia

Then a panic seized the Yeehats, and they fled in terror to the woods, proclaiming as they fled the advent of the Evil Spirit.

proclaiming - proclamare

advent - avvento

And truly Buck was the Fiend incarnate, raging at their heels and dragging them down like deer as they raced through the trees. It was a fateful day for the Yeehats. They scattered far and wide over the country, and it was not till a week later that the last of the survivors gathered together in a lower valley and counted their losses.

incarnate - incarnato

deer - cervo, alce, renna, daino

fateful - fatidico

not till - non fino a quando

survivors - superstite

counted - conte

losses - perdita

As for Buck, wearying of the pursuit, he returned to the desolated camp. He found Pete where he had been killed in his blankets in the first moment of surprise. Thornton's desperate struggle was fresh-written on the earth, and Buck scented every detail of it down to the edge of a deep pool. By the edge, head and fore feet in the water, lay Skeet, faithful to the last.

wearying - annoiato, tediato, spossato, stanco, annoiare, annoiarsi

pursuit - ricerca, perseguimento, caccia, passatempo

desolated - desolato, deserto, abbandonato, nero

The pool itself, muddy and discolored from the sluice boxes, effectually hid what it contained, and it contained John Thornton; for Buck followed his trace into the water, from which no trace led away.

Muddy - Fangoso

discolored - scolorare, scolorire

sluice - chiusa, scolmatore, canale di scarico, drenaggio

effectually - efficacemente

contained - contenere

All day Buck brooded by the pool or roamed restlessly about the camp. Death, as a cessation of movement, as a passing out and away from the lives of the living, he knew, and he knew John Thornton was dead.

cessation - cessazione

It left a great void in him, somewhat akin to hunger, but a void which ached and ached, and which food could not fill, At times, when he paused to contemplate the carcasses of the Yeehats, he forgot the pain of it; and at such times he was aware of a great pride in himself,-a pride greater than any he had yet experienced.

void - nullo

paused - mettere in pausa, pausa

contemplate - considerare, contemplare

carcasses - carcassa

He had killed man, the noblest game of all, and he had killed in the face of the law of club and fang. He sniffed the bodies curiously. They had died so easily. It was harder to kill a husky dog than them. They were no match at all, were it not for their arrows and spears and clubs. Thenceforward he would be unafraid of them except when they bore in their hands their arrows, spears, and clubs.

noblest - nobile, aristocratico, splendido

match - fiammifero

spears - lancia

Thenceforward - Da quel momento in poi

Night came on, and a full moon rose high over the trees into the sky, lighting the land till it lay bathed in ghostly day. And with the coming of the night, brooding and mourning by the pool, Buck became alive to a stirring of the new life in the forest other than that which the Yeehats had made, He stood up, listening and scenting.

full moon - luna piena

brooding - malinconico, meditabondo, cupo, (brood), nidiata, prole

mourning - dolore, dispiacere, lutto

From far away drifted a faint, sharp yelp, followed by a chorus of similar sharp yelps. As the moments passed the yelps grew closer and louder. Again Buck knew them as things heard in that other world which persisted in his memory. He walked to the centre of the open space and listened. It was the call, the many-noted call, sounding more luringly and compellingly than ever before.

drifted - deriva, direzione, verso, tendenza, indirizzo

yelps - guaire

louder - forte, alto

memory - memoria, ricordo

luringly - allettante

compellingly - in modo convincente

And as never before, he was ready to obey. John Thornton was dead. The last tie was broken. Man and the claims of man no longer bound him.

tie - legare, attaccare

Hunting their living meat, as the Yeehats were hunting it, on the flanks of the migrating moose, the wolf pack had at last crossed over from the land of streams and timber and invaded Buck's valley. Into the clearing where the moonlight streamed, they poured in a silvery flood; and in the centre of the clearing stood Buck, motionless as a statue, waiting their coming.

migrating - migrare

invaded - invadere

poured in - versare (dentro)

statue - statua

They were awed, so still and large he stood, and a moment's pause fell, till the boldest one leaped straight for him. Like a flash Buck struck, breaking the neck. Then he stood, without movement, as before, the stricken wolf rolling in agony behind him. Three others tried it in sharp succession; and one after the other they drew back, streaming blood from slashed throats or shoulders.

awed - timore

boldest - ardito, coraggioso

as before - come prima

rolling in - entrare, arrivare

This was sufficient to fling the whole pack forward, pell-mell, crowded together, blocked and confused by its eagerness to pull down the prey. Buck's marvellous quickness and agility stood him in good stead. Pivoting on his hind legs, and snapping and gashing, he was everywhere at once, presenting a front which was apparently unbroken so swiftly did he whirl and guard from side to side.

crowded - folla

blocked - blocco

confused - confondere

pull down - abbassare

marvellous - meraviglioso

quickness - rapidita

agility - agilita

stead - stufo

gashing - sfregio

whirl - turbinare, piroettare, roteare

But to prevent them from getting behind him, he was forced back, down past the pool and into the creek bed, till he brought up against a high gravel bank. He worked along to a right angle in the bank which the men had made in the course of mining, and in this angle he came to bay, protected on three sides and with nothing to do but face the front.

prevent - impedire, prevenire

right angle - angolo retto

mining - estrazione

And so well did he face it, that at the end of half an hour the wolves drew back discomfited. The tongues of all were out and lolling, the white fangs showing cruelly white in the moonlight. Some were lying down with heads raised and ears pricked forward; others stood on their feet, watching him; and still others were lapping water from the pool.

discomfited - sconcertare

cruelly - crudelmente

pricked - pungere, forare

lapping - lappatura

One wolf, long and lean and gray, advanced cautiously, in a friendly manner, and Buck recognized the wild brother with whom he had run for a night and a day. He was whining softly, and, as Buck whined, they touched noses.

cautiously - cautamente, prudentemente

touched - toccare, commuovere, tocco, tatto

Then an old wolf, gaunt and battle-scarred, came forward. Buck writhed his lips into the preliminary of a snarl, but sniffed noses with him, Whereupon the old wolf sat down, pointed nose at the moon, and broke out the long wolf howl. The others sat down and howled. And now the call came to Buck in unmistakable accents. He, too, sat down and howled.

preliminary - preliminare

unmistakable - inconfondibile

accents - accento

This over, he came out of his angle and the pack crowded around him, sniffing in half-friendly, half-savage manner. The leaders lifted the yelp of the pack and sprang away into the woods. The wolves swung in behind, yelping in chorus. And Buck ran with them, side by side with the wild brother, yelping as he ran.

angle - Anglo

leaders - capo, duce

side with - stare dalla parte di qualcuno

And here may well end the story of Buck. The years were not many when the Yeehats noted a change in the breed of timber wolves; for some were seen with splashes of brown on head and muzzle, and with a rift of white centring down the chest. But more remarkable than this, the Yeehats tell of a Ghost Dog that runs at the head of the pack.

splashes - schizzo, tonfo, sciacquio

rift - fessura, fenditura

more remarkable - piu notevole

ghost - fantasma, spettro, spirito, larva

They are afraid of this Ghost Dog, for it has cunning greater than they, stealing from their camps in fierce winters, robbing their traps, slaying their dogs, and defying their bravest hunters.

stealing from - rubare

camps - accampamento, campeggio

robbing - derubare, svaligiare

traps - trappola

slaying - uccisione

defying - sfidare, abiurare

bravest - coraggioso, ardito, baldo, audace

hunters - cacciatore, cane da caccia, cavallo da caccia, cercatore

Nay, the tale grows worse. Hunters there are who fail to return to the camp, and hunters there have been whom their tribesmen found with throats slashed cruelly open and with wolf prints about them in the snow greater than the prints of any wolf. Each fall, when the Yeehats follow the movement of the moose, there is a certain valley which they never enter.

Nay - anzi, o per meglio dire

fail - fallire, non riuscire

tribesmen - tribale

prints - stampare, scrivere in stampatello, impronta, stampa

enter - entrare, immettere, digitare

And women there are who become sad when the word goes over the fire of how the Evil Spirit came to select that valley for an abiding-place.

select - scegliere, selezionare

abiding - che si mantiene, (abide), sopportare, tollerare, dimorare

In the summers there is one visitor, however, to that valley, of which the Yeehats do not know. It is a great, gloriously coated wolf, like, and yet unlike, all other wolves. He crosses alone from the smiling timber land and comes down into an open space among the trees.

gloriously - gloriosamente

crosses - croce, segno della croce, incrocio, cross, diagonale, irritato

Here a yellow stream flows from rotted moose-hide sacks and sinks into the ground, with long grasses growing through it and vegetable mould overrunning it and hiding its yellow from the sun; and here he muses for a time, howling once, long and mournfully, ere he departs.

flows - fluire

sinks - affondare

growing through - crescere attraverso

overrunning - invadere, infestare

muses - Musa

departs - partire, andar via, allontanarsi, dipartire, deviare

But he is not always alone. When the long winter nights come on and the wolves follow their meat into the lower valleys, he may be seen running at the head of the pack through the pale moonlight or glimmering borealis, leaping gigantic above his fellows, his great throat a-bellow as he sings a song of the younger world, which is the song of the pack.

the pale - pallido, limite, confine

glimmering - scintillante, (glimmer), barlume, filo

bellow - ruggito, muggire, ruggire


You are reading thanks to developer of Go to Glivia! Chatbot. Your best friend in English learning!

Back to the Main Page Back to the beggining Download Flashcards